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  1. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: arte e natureza, poesia e ciência Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: art and nature, poetry and science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabela Maria Furtado Kestler

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a obra científica do poeta alemão Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832, a qual engloba os campos da anatomia humana e animal, ótica, geologia, mineralogia, química, botânica, morfologia e meteorologia. Goethe considerava que na natureza e na arte vigiam as mesmas leis, conceituadas por ele como leis da polaridade e da intensificação. Sua obra poética só pode ser avaliada e interpretada à luz de sua visão da harmonia entre homem e natureza, assim como da complementaridade entre espírito e matéria.The scientific work of German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832 encompassed the fields of human and animal anatomy, optics, geology, mineralogy, chemistry, botany, morphology, and meteorology. Goethe believed that nature and art were governed by the same laws, concepts he designated as the laws of "polarity" and "intensification." His poetic works can only be evaluated and interpreted if approached from his understanding of harmony between man and nature, and his view of the complementary relations between spirit and matter.

  2. Goethe: A bipolar personality? Periodicity of affective states in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe as reflected by Paul Julius Möbius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Holger; Schönknecht, Peter

    2018-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the character and etiological basis of German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's mental disorder. From 1898, German neuropsychiatrist Paul Julius Möbius developed the hypothesis that Goethe's work provided several hints for the notion that the German poet suffered from a distinct bipolar disorder. The paper investigates Möbius's psychopathographic study on Goethe and his hypothesis of a mood periodicity in Goethe against the mirror of modern concepts. Möbius came to the conclusion that Goethe's illness was bipolar in character and became visible at intervals of seven years and lasted for about two years. The majority of Möbius's contemporary psychiatric colleagues (Emil Kraepelin, Max Isserlin, Ernst Kretschmer, Josef Breuer) supported this view which has still not been convincingly challenged. In present-day terms, Möbius's hypothesis can be best mirrored as a subclinical foundation of mood disorder. Furthermore, with his extensive study, Möbius disproved the common notion that Goethe had suffered from an illness as the result of a syphilitic infection.

  3. Melting experiments and field work on Komorní Hùrka volcano, Bohemia, by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horn, Susanne; Kreher-Hartmann, Birgit; Heide, K.

    2001-09-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), eminent author, was also state minister and scientist as well as experimentalist in geology. Together with Döbereiner, a chemist in Jena during that time, he carried out melting experiments in porcelain and pottery kilns with rocks and minerals from the volcanic and pseudo-volcanic edifices in NW Bohemia. These experiments were to prove Goethe's theory, that remelting of an archetype rock would result in volcanic and pseudo-volcanic rocks. Especially the formation of the Komorní Hùrka (Kammerberg) volcano in NW Bohemia attracted Goethe during all his life. He visited this location 19 times in 1808, 1820 and 1822 and made very exact field observations. But the interpretation of these observations varied between volcanistic and neptunistic. In order to find arguments, he examined the effect of fire on rocks and minerals using porcelain and pottery kilns. The experiments did not provide the expected results and thus failed to explain the formation of Komorní Hùrka. During Goethe's geognostic work, including the "pyro-technical" experiments, the neptunism-volcanism-controversy about the formation of basalt raged in Europe, and, more general, about rock formation: neptunism-plutonism. Especially the effect of heat on rocks and minerals, i.e. the phenomenology of fire, played an important role in that discussion. Goethe swayed during his lifetime between neptunism and volcanism. He did not fully accept plutonism because he believed, that processes of nature are generally non-violent and that volcanic eruptions and other catastrophic phenomena are the exception rather than the rule. Therefore he tended to neptunistic ideas. In Goethe's notes there are many indications of this conflict. In contrast, the melting experiments are mentioned only few times. It was, however, possible to establish a picture of his experimental work and his fundamental concepts and ideas.

  4. Rembrandt Goethe kogust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rembrandti majamuuseum Amsterdamis Rembrandt-Huis tähistab Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 250. sünniaastapäeva 18. juulini avatud 17. sajandi hollandi graafika väljapanekuga "Goethe ja Rembrandt. Joonistused Weimarist"

  5. ["I am rather satisfied with this interpretation of my dreams." -- real-life and work-related encounters between psychiatrist Johann Christian August Heinroth and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmideler, S; Steinberg, H

    2004-09-01

    Apart from being a major pioneer of modern psychiatry, Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773 - 1843) is foremost famous as the first academic teacher, professor of this subject at Leipzig University. Despite his theoretical concepts being thoroughly investigated by medical historians, the fact that his scientific work also brought him in contact with Weimar poet and scientist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) has up to now not been acknowledged. This paper analyses for the first time the manifold points of contact between the two geniuses. Starting off with a retrospective on Goethe's relationship towards psychiatry in his day, this paper investigates the mutual interconnections and influences between the two. This is achieved by an analysis of yet unknown primary sources as well as Goethe's literary and scientific works. A main emphasis is also placed on Heinroth's Textbook of Anthropology of 1822 in which the psychiatrist laid out his understanding of 'relational thinking' (gegenständliches Denken), a key concept for both. This theory developed from Heinroth's dealing with Goethe's concept of "anschauung" and was to gain major importance not only for his way of gaining knowledge in general but also for his psychiatric concept. Goethe's influence on Heinroth is particularly revealed in the latter's holistic views on mental illnesses. Heinroth's visit to Goethe on 15 September 1827 can be earmarked as a sign of their mutual esteem.

  6. Goethe and the Aurora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, Wilfried

    2008-05-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) was deeply interested in many aspects of natural science, including geology and meteorology. Thus, it is not surprising that his works include frequent references to natural phenomena.

  7. Goethe's "Metamorphosis of the Plants" and the Art of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottrell, Alan P.

    1982-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's views on children, adults, and nature complement and redeem the one-sided attitude of our present-day habits of thought. Goethe's writings about natural history and the relationship between the individual and society illustrate how teaching can be less a branch of technology than an art. (PP)

  8. Goethe's "Delicate Empiricism": Assessing Its Value for Australian Ecologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Melanie

    2011-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, recognised as a seminal German polymath, developed a unique approach for investigating nature, termed "delicate empiricism". Goethe's approach uses empathy, imagination and intuition to promote a participatory engagement with the world. It goes beyond the dualistic-rationalism that defines…

  9. Goethe almost died of urosepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, A J; Hummel, G

    1999-12-01

    In the year of 1805, Goethe almost died of urosepsis. His urological problems were not diseases arising from full health but a new variation in a life accompanied by illnesses. Some sources date the first colics he experienced to the year 1795 and others say 1805. The most dramatic period in the course of his illness was in February, when he suffered from fever of such an extent that one could speak of urosepsis. Recovery took place slowly and was accompanied by minor relapses. Nothing about this is written down in his work. On the advice of his doctors, Goethe undertook a cure in Lauchstädt in July and August. The report of his consultant, Professor Johann Christian Reil, on his problems in the field of urology remained undiscovered until 1937. Professor Reil recommended treatment with thermae carolinae, aqua calcis, soap soda crystallisata, herbae subastringentes, and uva ursi, among other measures. With increasing age, Goethe's colics disappeared. The passing of a stone has never been described. Whereas Goethe hinted about medical problem other than those reported herein, the urological problems discussed in this article were left unmentioned. Nonetheless, literature that deals with Goethe's diseases is interesting from the aspect of both the history of medicine and the history of culture.

  10. [Medical topics of the Goethe period as reflected in the Goethe Dictionary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlaps, Christiane

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with some medical topics which were mentioned or discussed by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and can thus be found in the dictionary which lists and explains all the words he used, the Goethe Dictionary. The author makes a case for the use of this primarily literary and linguistic work e. g. as source material for historians of medicine and shows some of its possible uses.

  11. Goethe loob väljendi : maailmakirjanduse kultuuripoliitika / David Damrosch ; tõlkinud Ene-Reet Soovik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Damrosch, David

    2007-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe erasekretäri Peter Eckermanni teosest "Vestlused Goethega tema elu viimastel aastatel", Goethe vaadetest kirjandusele, maailmakirjanduse mõisest. Ka kirjanduse tõlkimisest tänapäeval, sinoloog Stephen Oweni vaadetest ja hiina luuletaja Bei Dao luulest. Artikkel sisaldab ka Bei Dao luuletuste näiteid

  12. [Konverentsi "Goethe Tartus" ettekandekogumikest] / Kairit Kaur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaur, Kairit

    2001-01-01

    Arvustus: Triangulum. Germanistisches Jahrbuch '99 für Estland, Lettland und Litauen. Sonderheft: Goethe. Sechste Folge / hrsg. Claus Sommerhage. Tartu, 1999 ; Eesti Goethe Seltsi aastaraamat II: Goethe Tartus : konverentsi "Goethe Tartus (1999) ettekanded. Tartu : Eesti Goethe Selts, 2000

  13. Goethe's Italian Journey and the geological landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coratza, Paola; Panizza, Mario

    2015-04-01

    Over 220 years ago Johann Wolfgang von Goethe undertook a nearly two-years long and fascinating journey to Italy, a destination dreamed for a long time by the great German writer. During his journey from Alps to Sicily Goethe reflects on landscape, geology, morphology of "Il Bel Paese", sometimes providing detailed descriptions and acute observations concerning the great and enduring laws by which the earth and all within it are governed. He was an observer, with the eye of the geologist and landscape painter, as he himself stated, and therefore he had a 360 degree focus on all parts of the territory. From the Brenner Pass to Sicily, Goethe reflects on landscape, contrasting morphologies, the genesis of territories, providing detailed descriptions useful for reconstructing the conditions of the territory and crops of the late 18th century. His diary is a description of the impressions he received from the country and its people, mingled with reflections upon art, science and literature. Goethe studied mineralogical and geological phenomena and drew up notes on the life of the people, the climate and the plants. On various scientific occasions and, in particular, within the framework of the Italian Association "Geologia & Turismo", of the Working Group "Geomorphosites" of the International Association of Geomorphologists and the International Year of Planet Earth, the opportunity to re-examine Goethe's travels in Italy from a geological viewpoint was recognised. In the present paper an attempt was made to reproduce the geotourism itinerary ante litteram of the writer to Italy, one of the most important tourist destination worldwide, thanks to its rich cultural and natural heritage and the outstanding aesthetic qualities of the complex natural landscape. This project was essentially conceived with a twofold purpose. First of all, an attempt was made to reproduce the journey of a great writer, as an example of description of landscape perceived and described as

  14. ["Fiction and Truth": Goethe's anatomical research at the University of Jena].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schäfer, H H; Sivukhina, E; Dölz, W; Oehring, H

    2012-12-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the most renowned German poets of the late Age of Enlightenment. However, his engagement went far beyond literature especially relating to politics and natural science. Goethe, primarily trained as a lawyer, developed his own theory of colors and even challenged the concepts of Isaac Newton. His discovery of the human intermaxilary bone questioned all the dogmas of the religious-minded world of the 18th century. Together with the anatomy professor Justus Christian Loder, Goethe performed comparative anatomy and proved the conceptual uniformity of humans and animals on 27 March 1784. Even though, Félix Vicq d'Azyr described the intermaxilary bone simultaneously in Catholic France, Goethe's findings were politically accepted due to the liberal Protestantism of the Duchy of Weimar. Nevertheless, leading anatomists of the century (Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, Petrus Camper and Samuel Thomas v. Soemmerring) mainly rejected Goethe's postulates which led to a delayed publication in 1820; almost 36 years after writing his original manuscript. Today, Goethe's discovery is known to be a fundamental basis for the development of Charles Darwin's theory of phylogenetic evolution. Nowadays, the Department of Anatomy contains the Museum Anatomicum Jenense which was founded by the Duke of Weimar, Carl August and Goethe and entails Goethe's premaxillary bones as its main attraction. The University values the cultural heritage of Goethe's contribution to Medicine and provides access to the collection to the public and generations of medical students. Still today Goethe's legacy is noticeable in the halls of the Alma Mater Jenensis. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. Goethe's Exposure of Newton's theory a polemic on Newton's theory of light and colour

    CERN Document Server

    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

    2016-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, although best known for his literary work, was also a keen and outspoken natural scientist. In the second polemic part of Zur Farbenlehre (Theory of Colours), for example, Goethe attacked Isaac Newton's ground-breaking revelation that light is heterogeneous and not immutable, as was previously thought.This polemic was unanimously rejected by the physicists of the day, and has often been omitted from compendia of Goethe's works. Indeed, although Goethe repeated all of Newton's key experiments, he was never able to achieve the same results. Many reasons have been proposed for this, ranging from the psychological — such as a blind hatred of Newtonism, self-deceit and paranoid psychosis — to accusations of incapability — Goethe simply did not understand the experiments. Yet Goethe was never to be dissuaded from this passionate conviction.This translation of Goethe's second polemic, published for the first time in English, makes it clear that Goethe did understand the thrust of Ne...

  16. Goethe's Phenomenological Optics: The Point Where Language Ends and Experience Begins in Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junker, Kirk

    This paper explores whether phenomenology, in general, and the case of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's phenomenological optics in particular, provides a case and a location for "minimal realism," located between the extreme positions of absolute scientific realists and "radical rhetoricians." The paper begins with a description of…

  17. J. W. Goethe - poet engaged in Earth sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemec, Vaclav

    2014-05-01

    The famous German poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749 - 1832) was a man of an outstanding interest for the Earth sciences. In the Czech geological dictionary his own biography remembers his frequent visits to the famous West Bohemian health resorts. In this region he was focusing his attention to the geological history, petrography and mineralogy, genesis of mineral water springs etc. Some of his studies were published. His geological points of view were not always correct (as seen from a recent knowledge) but his efforts to deepen studies of this territory cannot be forgotten. - In his rich correspondence with the count Kaspar Maria Sternberg (1761 - 1838) - founder of the (nowadays) National Museum in Prague - the author of this article has recently discovered in the Prague archives a letter written just one week before the death of the poet. It is a confession of his deep relation especially to the region if West Bohemia where he found lot of enjoyment and new knowledge in the course of numerous visits and stays. - Goethe had the largest private collection of minerals in all of Europe (17800 rock samples). A mineral goethite has been named after him. - The Czech composer Václav Jan Tomášek (1774 - 1850) describing his visit paid to Goethe in Cheb (Eger) in 1822 remembers also mineralogical interest of the poet and his excursions to the region for collecting local minerals. The main reason for personal contact in this case was the art (Tomášek composed songs using Goethe's poems). But Tomášek described also his frequent talks on science with the famous Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779 - 1848) in Karlsbad (1822). From other sources a common stay of Berzelius, Goethe and Sternberg in Marienbad (also 1822) is reported.

  18. Goethe's Conception of "Experiment as Mediator" and Implications for Practical Work in School Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Wonyong; Song, Jinwoong

    2018-03-01

    There has been growing criticism over the aims, methods, and contents of practical work in school science, particularly concerning their tendency to oversimplify the scientific practice with focus on the hypothesis-testing function of experiments. In this article, we offer a reading of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's scientific writings—particularly his works on color as an exquisite articulation of his ideas about experimentation—through the lens of practical school science. While avoiding the hasty conclusions made from isolated experiments and observations, Goethe sought in his experiments the interconnection among diverse natural phenomena and rejected the dualistic epistemology about the relation of humans and nature. Based on a close examination of his color theory and its underlying epistemology, we suggest three potential contributions that Goethe's conception of scientific experimentation can make to practical work in school science.

  19. Inger og Johannes Exner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas Bo

    Monografi om Inger og Johannes Exners arkitektur. Bogen behandler indgående Exners inspirationer samt deres teorier vedrørende kirkearkitektur og restaurering.......Monografi om Inger og Johannes Exners arkitektur. Bogen behandler indgående Exners inspirationer samt deres teorier vedrørende kirkearkitektur og restaurering....

  20. [Johann...] / Jacek Wijaczka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wijaczka, Jacek

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Ulrich Müller. Johann Lohmüller und seine livländische Chronik "Warhaftig Histori". Lüneburg : Verlag Nordostdeutsches Kulturwerk, 2001 (Schriften der Baltischen Historischen Kommission. Bd. 10)

  1. Goethe's phenomenology of nature: a juvenilization of science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skaftnesmo, Trond

    2009-01-01

    Empirical science is not a mere collection of facts. It builds theories and frames hypotheses within those theories. Empirical theories are stated as plausible answers to questions we pose to nature. According to the Galilean-Baconian tradition within science, these questions should basically explore the causes of observed phenomena, and further be restricted to the measurable and quantitative realm. Thus, the answers are generally expected to explain the effective causes behind the actual phenomena. By framing falsifiable hypotheses, the theories are tested against the empirical foundation on which they rest. In this way we try to relieve science from false theories. Thus, we have two epistemological levels: First, the theoretical level; the scientific theory explaining the phenomena, and second, the empirical level; the phenomena or facts verifying or falsifying those theories. According to the poet and multi-scientist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), there is however another way of science, namely an approach where these two levels fuse and become one. Goethe intended this approach to be a complementation of the Galilean-Baconian method, more than an alternative. He considered his "hypothesis-free method" to be a more comprehensive and secure way to understand nature. Whereas the Galilean-Baconian method aimed at explaining the effective causes of natural phenomena, in order to control and exploit nature for technical and industrial purposes, Goethe aimed at an exposition of the inherent meaning of the phenomena.We will explore, exemplify and discuss this approach with reference to the inherently Goethean phenomenology of evolution credited to the Dutch anatomist Louis Bolk (1866-1930), later commented and complemented by Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) and Jos Verhulst (1949 ). In the course of this presentation we will outline the Goethean approach as a method representing a juvenilization or in Bolk's terms, a fetalization of science.

  2. Johannes Ewald i romanhistorien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerlevsen, Simona Zetterberg

    2016-01-01

    The article undertakes an investigation of the relationship between two of Johannes Ewald’s prose works: The Story of Mr. Panthakak and an abstract from the journal The Foreigner. In so doing, the article disproves prevailing assumptions of the dating of the The Story of Mr. Panthakak as it provi......The article undertakes an investigation of the relationship between two of Johannes Ewald’s prose works: The Story of Mr. Panthakak and an abstract from the journal The Foreigner. In so doing, the article disproves prevailing assumptions of the dating of the The Story of Mr. Panthakak...

  3. Johann Lodewyk Marais

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    oor die wetenskaplike prosa van Eugène N. Marais (2001) waarin hy die klinkende uit- spraak van Richard Dawkins as motto aanhaal: “A Keats and a Newton, listening to each other, might hear the galaxies sing.” Hierdie Dawkins- uitspraak verwoord myns insiens ook die essensie van Johann Lodewyk Marais se eie.

  4. Appreciating Johann M. Schepers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddie Crous

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available As an expert leader in psychometrics, eminent scholar, gatekeeper, study leader and mentor, Johann M. Schepers has had a profound effect on the development of Psychology and Industrial Psychology in South Africa. By means of an appreciative inquiry the outstanding ability of this man has been highlighted in stories which resulted in a rich profile and a legacy that needs to be protected and nurtured.

  5. The Goethe Institute with Implications for Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrick, Natalie

    1976-01-01

    The work of the Goethe Institute in teaching German to foreigners and in fostering interest in German culture is described. The desirability of a change in attitude in Australia toward foreign language study is discussed. (RM)

  6. Umgang mit Gedichten: Bemerkungen zu funf Gedichten von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (Dealing with Poetry: Observations on Five Poems by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nethersole, Reingard

    1972-01-01

    The lyric poem is the most concentrated form of literary communication. The formulation of an approach to interpretation can be a useful tool for the instructor. The poem to be interpreted should be examined in six aspects: (1) information provided in the title, (2) the sound of the poem as read aloud, (3) the clear understanding of the meaning of…

  7. Da magia a Kant: considerações sobre a relação de Goethe com a filosofia

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    Magali Moura

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As discussões travadas em torno da figura central da literatura alemã do século 18, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, configuram um ideário complexo e dinâmico, inaugurando um novo tempo na vida intelectual alemã. Aproveitando-se desta característica, o presente trabalho trata de destacar as leituras filosóficas que nortearam o poeta alemão a construir esta relação dialógica com o pensamento de sua época, a fim de construir sua própria forma de ver o mundo.

  8. Facts as Theory: Aspects of Goethe's Philosophy of Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajonc, Arthur G.

    1983-01-01

    After showing that Goethe's declarations and admonishments concerning the scope and methods of science often foreshadowed later developments, the author reconsiders Goethe's own scientific efforts. Goethe continually strove to fully integrate human experience into all levels of scientific inquiry and discovery. (JMK)

  9. Jakob Johannes Sederholm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eklund, O.; Korsman, K.; Scheinin, B.

    2010-05-01

    Jakob Johannes Sederholm (1863-1934) was one of the more influential pioneers in Precambrian geology having introduced some fundamental insights and concepts which are still relevant today. Towards the end of the 19th century, he demonstrated how the principle of actualism can be applied to Precambrian terranes, while during the early part of the 20th century he undertook detailed studies on deformed magmatic rocks, both defining and interpreting the enigmatic mixed rocks now known as migmatites. He acted as the head of the Geological Survey of Finland for 40 years, which developed under his leadership into a modern progressive and versatile research organization. In addition, Sederholm also served as a diplomat with a number of international assignments, including appointments with the League of Nations in missions in Albania and a supervisory role relating to sovereignty and autonomy issues in the Åland Island. Several mountains in Greenland have been named after him and his family, and he was also appointed as honorary chief of two Indian tribes in Canada. To understand the driving forces behind a man of his kind, we focus here on Sederholm the person and some of the social and cultural background that influenced his career. This text is based on the book, published in Swedish, entitled "Jakob Johannes Sederholm, Geolog, humanist och sanningssökare" (Scheinin and Korsman, 2007), and an interview with J.J. Sederholm's granddaughter Barbro Scheinin by Eklund (2008). Other references are marked in the text. The first author is responsible for all translations from Swedish, Norwegian, German and Finnish.

  10. Goethe among the Ancients: Nature and Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Rubio Garrido

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available During his trip to Sicily, a striking triad influenced Goethe. In the first place, a certain mythological predisposition presides over his descriptions. Second, he includes in his narration digressions about geology, geography, and botany. Finally, he dwells on detailed allusions to his artistic experiences, which include principally those related to architecture. As a result, Goethe combined in Sicily the experience of the ancient myth with the intimate conviction that feeling the natural and the Greek, as far as architecture is concerned, joins him to a meaning with validity in his time.

  11. Teaching Critical Response with Goethe's Werther.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guidry, Glenn A.

    1991-01-01

    Describes a course unit on Goethe's "Werther," in which an inductive approach to discussion teaching is used to introduce German literature to college students with little literary background through class activities and discussion topics to stimulate student interest. (Author/CB)

  12. Goethe's Theory of Color and Scientific Intuition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajonc, Arthur G.

    1976-01-01

    Summarizes Goethe's color studies and his methods of study. It is proposed that the act of accurate qualitative observation creates the capability in the observer for an intuitive understanding of the physical laws underlying the phenomena under observation. The use of such a method as a basis for laboratory instruction is discussed. (Author/CP)

  13. Did goethe describe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonazza, Sara; Scaglione, Cesa; Poppi, Massimo; Rizzo, Giovanni

    2011-01-01

    As early as 1846, the typical symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were described by Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-1894). However, in Goethe's masterpiece Faust (1832), the character of Euphorion strongly suggests ADHD diagnosis. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  14. TRIBUTE TO JOHANNES KUIPERS

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Jos kept the following citation on his desk: Je vous laisse la paix, je vous donne ma paix. Que votre coeur cesse d'avoir peur ! (Jn 14,27)   Johannes Kuipers died on March 7 in his 45th year, of major injuries sustained while leaving CERN three weeks earlier. Jos held a degree in applied physics and was employed by ETH to provide the computing support of the CMS Engineering and Integration Center at Cern and of the High Energy Physics Laboratory at ETH; his contribution to the CMS and AMS projects was well recognized and appreciated. Jos was a quiet, likeable person of highest integrity with a great sense of humor. He was a hard working collaborator who enjoyed his work and who was always helpful when the vagaries of modern technique required an expert. We will remember him as the extremely helpful and very competent key person in the CMS Engineering & Integration center, in the ETH group and far beyond. He did not only keep our computer systems running but was always available to help others and par...

  15. Faust. Pühendus : [luuletused] / Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ; tlk. Marie Under, August Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Faust. Pühendus ; Aardekaevur ; Cophta laul ; Hall sompus hommik ; Thule kuningas ; Kohtumine ja hüvastijätt ; Mailaul ; "Ma koltund väljadele rühin ; Retsensent ; Kannike ; Christel ; Kunstniku õhtulaul ; Uus armastus, uus elu ; Lottchenile ; Järvel ; Mäelt ; Amulett ; Ränduri öölaul : "Kes sa tead, oh taevane..." ; Meresõit ; Julgustus ; Kirjast Auguste zu Stolbergile ; Kuule ; Manitsus ; Inimsoo piirid ; Vaimude laul vete kohal ; Ränduri öölaul : "Harjadel püha..." ; Öömõtted ; Metsavaim ; Kandlemängija : "Kes pole leiba söönud, silmad vees..." ; Reisivarustus ; Jumalik ; Mignon : "Kas maad sa tead, kus apelsinipuul..." ; Pühendus ; Charlotte von Steinile ; Esimene kaotus ; Külaskäik ; Ketraja ; Mignon : "Miks vastust nõuad? Vaikida mul lase..." ; Kandlemängija : "Uste taha hiilin sala..." ; Armastatu lähedus ; Mignon : "Et ükskord olla, pean ma näima..." ; Lahkumine ; Kestvus vahelduses ; Aastad ; Õnnis igatsus ; Märts ; Rännulaul ; Parabaas ; Üks ja kõik ; Testament

  16. Os experimentos prismáticos de Goethe Goethe's prismatic experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Jordan

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio pretende estimular a realização de experimentos prismáticos com recursos muito simples e, com isso, facilitar o acesso aos fundamentais estudos de Goethe sobre cor, a "Farbenlehre". O encarte anexo contém fotos de um processo prismático complementar, produzido por Imagens-Modelo em Claro-Escuro neutro. Contém ainda fotos de imagens prismáticas produzidas por Imagens-Modelo em cores.The essay intends to stimulate the carrying out of prismatic experiments with very simple resources and, therewith, ease the access to Goethe's fundamental color studies, the "Farbenlehre". The included folder contains photographs of a complementary prismatic process produced by neutral bright-dark Model-Images. It also contains photographs of prismatic images produced by colored Model-Images.

  17. Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot / Tõivo Sarmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarmet, Tõivo

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli rektorit Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot loetakse Venemaa alpinismiajaloo alusepanijaks ja tema tähelepanuväärseimaks mägironimisalaseks teoks oli tõus Suur-Araratile 1829. aastal

  18. Johann Georg Eisen / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    1999-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Johann Georg Eisen (1717-1779). Ausgewählte Schriften. Deutsche Volksaufklärung und Leibeigenschaft im Russischen Reich. Hrsg. von Roger Bartlett und Erich Donnert. Marburg : IHerder-Institut, 1998

  19. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 6. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer: A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 19 Issue 6 June 2014 pp 489-522 ...

  20. [The creative potential of Goethe. Approaches to a contradictory personality profile].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamm, H J

    1989-07-01

    The author contrasts the creative urbane Goethe with the unempathic, self-absorbed, and extravagant Goethe. The latter, though seized upon by the bourgeoisie as an exponent of its values, did not all fit into its social-normative schemes.

  1. Blindness of Johann Sebastian Bach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarkkanen, Ahti

    2013-03-01

    Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was one of the greatest composers of all time. Apart from performing as a brilliant organist, he composed over 1.100 works in almost every musical genre. He was known as a hardworking, deeply Christian person, who had to support his family of 20 children and many students staying at his home. At the age of 64 years, his vision started to decline. Old biographies claim that it was the result of overstressing his vision in poor illumination. By persuasion of his friends, he had his both eyes operated by a travelling British eye surgeon. A cataract couching was performed. After surgery, Bach was totally blind and unable to play an organ, compose or direct choirs and orchestras. He was confined to bed and suffering from immense pain of the eyes and the body. He died <4 months after surgery. In this paper, as the plausible diagnosis, intractable glaucoma because of pupillary block or secondary to phacoanaphylactic endophthalmitis is suggested. © 2012 The Author. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2012 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.

  2. Anmerkungen zu Goethe : eine psychoanalytische Untersuchung über Goethe als Repräsentant deutscher Kultur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaus, Rainer J.

    1994-01-01

    De oorspronkelijke aanleiding tot dit onderzoek was de invloedrijke psychoanalytische studie in twee delen van K.R. Eissler, Goethe: A Psychoanalytic Study 1775-1786, oorspronkelijk verschenen in de Verenigde Staten (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1963), in Duitse vertaling bij uitgeverij Stroemfeld/Roter

  3. Johann Wilhelm Krause 250 / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti klassitsistliku arhitektuuri suurkuju ning Tartu Ülikooli arhitekti Johann Wilhelm Krause 250. sünniaastapäeva tähistati näitustega Tallinnas ja Tartus. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogu kunstikogusse kuulub ligi 700 J. W. Krause loodud joonistust

  4. De ogen van Johann Sebastian Bach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zegers, R. H. C.

    2005-01-01

    Limited vision seems to have been Johann Sebastian Bach's (1685-1750) only physical problem. Myopia seems the most likely cause and he probably developed cataracts later in life. In addition to the cataracts, his worsening vision may have been due in part to some other eye problem. In 1750 Bach's

  5. Goethe and the ABC model of flower development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coen, E

    2001-06-01

    About 10 years ago, the ABC model for the genetic control of flower development was proposed. This model was initially based on the analysis of mutant flowers but has subsequently been confirmed by molecular analysis. This paper describes the 200-year history behind this model, from the late 18th century when Goethe arrived at his idea of plant metamorphosis, to the genetic studies on flower mutants carried out on Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum in the late 20th century.

  6. Advertising eugenics: Charles M. Goethe's campaign to improve the race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenl, William; Peck, Danielle

    2010-06-01

    Over the last several decades historians have shown that the eugenics movement appealed to an extraordinarily wide constituency. Far from being the brainchild of the members of any one particular political ideology, eugenics made sense to a diverse range of Americans and was promoted by professionals ranging from geneticists and physicians to politicians and economists.(1) Seduced by promises of permanent fixes to national problems, and attracted to the idea of a scientifically legitimate form of social activism, eugenics quickly grew in popularity during the first decades of the twentieth century. Charles M. Goethe, the land developer, entrepreneur, conservationist and skilled advertiser who founded the Eugenics Society of Northern California, exemplifies the broad appeal of the eugenics movement. Goethe played an active role within the American eugenics movement at its peak in the 1920s. The last president of the Eugenics Research Association,(2) he also campaigned hard against Mexican immigration to the US and he continued open support for the Nazi regime's eugenic practices into the later 1930s.(3) This article examines Goethe's eugenic vision and, drawing on his correspondence with the leading geneticist Charles Davenport, explores the relationship between academic and non-academic advocates of eugenics in America. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Die Goethe-Universität zieht um. Staatliche Raumproduktion und die Neoliberalisierung der Universität

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Belina

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Im Zuge des Bildungsstreiks 2009 besetzten Studierende der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität (JWGU in Frankfurt das „Casino“, ein zentrales Gebäude auf dem neuen IG-Farben-Campus im Westend. Während frühere Besetzungen von Universitätsgebäuden auf dem alten Campus in Bockenheim von der Universitätsleitung zwar auch nicht gerade begrüßt, aber doch toleriert worden sind, ließ das Präsidium im jüngsten Fall 176 Studierende nach nur drei Tagen polizeilich räumen. Um diesen repressiven Wandel im Umgang mit studentischem Protest zu verstehen, rekonstruieren wir im Folgenden die Art und Weise, wie die JWGU als Teil des Staatsapparates Universität zu unterschiedlichen Zeiten zwei Campus als konkrete Orte (places hervorgebracht hat, die jeweils als Ausdruck und Verdichtung der nationalen und lokalen gesellschaftlichen Kräfteverhältnisse im Fordismus bzw. Neoliberalismus zu interpretieren sind.

  8. Lavater ja Goethe / Linnar Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Lavateri näoraamat : valgustusajastu pilk inimesele ja kunstile : toetudes Johann Caspar Lavateri menuteosele "Füsiognoomilisi fragmente inimesetundmise ja ligimesearmastuse edendamiseks" (1775-1778) / koostanud, kommenteerinud ja toimetanud Anu Allikvee ja Tiina-Mall Kreem ; fragmentide tõlge: Katrin Kaugver. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstimuuseum, Mikkeli Muuseum ; Tallinna Ülikool, Akadeemiline Raamatukogu. 2015

  9. Identität und Differenz Goethes Faust und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Krumpel

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and GermanIn the article “Identity and difference between Goethe`s Faust and Alexander von Humboldt” the issue of how much Faust is contained in Humboldt and in which way Goethe`s Faust has to be related to Alexander von Humboldt is discussed. Here the connection of activity, knowledge and vision as well as the relationship between humans and nature are central to the examination. Goethe and Humboldt were greatly influenced by the enlightenment. Their ideas and visions show us today that modernity is an incomplete project. In Goethe`s Faust the question of the essence of mankind is posed because there is a hint of Faust and Mephisto in each human. With Humboldt those principles acted among other things as a driving force for greater productitivity and the extraction of knowledge. Even though Faust did not fail in his bet with Mephisto, on the other hand he also did not win. Humboldt, however, would have won the bet. Considering the global ecological crisis and regional conflicts today the idea of the relation of Goethe´s Faust and Humboldt has an astonishing relevance.

  10. Chronotopoi of the Good Life and Utopia: Bakhtin on Goethe's "Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister" and the Carnivalesque

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franke, Norman

    2017-01-01

    This paper explores Bakhtin's reception of Goethe's "Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre" with a view to assess how Bakhtin's interest in this early chronotopical masterpiece can be understood in the wider context of his utopian thinking and his political eschatologies. Bakhtin reads Goethe's novel as a critique of totalitarian forms of Socialist…

  11. Goethe e Brecht em diálogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloa Heise

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to compare two prologs, namely ‘Prolog im Himmel’ in Faust I and the prolog in Der gute Mensch von Sezuan by Brecht. The comparative analysis of the two texts provides evidence to state that Brecht produces a parody of Goethe´s prolog. This procedure is interpreted here as a feature of 20th century literature. Intertextuality and recreation are seen as a way to characterize a shapeless present and are approached by drawing an analogy and critically comparing and contrasting Brecht’s prolog to a literary masterpiece. 

  12. Arthur Schopenhauers betydning for Johannes Jørgensens omvendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    2013-01-01

    Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen......Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen...

  13. Gallasovský hofmistr Johann Heinrich Dienebier (1677 - 1748)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krummholz, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 9 (2011), s. 375-395 ISSN 1802-2502 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Johann Heinrich Dienebier * 18th century * Johann Wenzel Gallas * baroque architecture * Prague Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture , Cultural Heritage

  14. Johannes C. Sens 1928 – 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Johannes C. Sens working on the magnet of the first g-2 experiment in 1959. Johannes C. Sens, a physicist and engineer with a long association with CERN passed away from complications of surgery on 3 November 2008 in Nice, France. J.C. Sens, often known as "Hans", was considered one of the pioneers of the first muon g-2 experiments at CERN and an instrumental figure in the discovery of the fifth quark. Born in the Netherlands, Hans obtained a degree in engineering at the Technical University of Delft in 1953. He then enrolled at the University of Chicago and studied under Enrico Fermi. After Fermi’s passing, Hans gained his PhD working on muons with Valentin Telegdi at the University of Chicago. He came to CERN in 1958 at the same time as Leon Lederman and both worked on a study of the methods of measuring the muon g-2. In 1966, after working on various experiments with muons, Hans left CERN to join the Foundation for Fundament...

  15. Signal transduction in the footsteps of goethe and schiller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Karlheinz; Lindquist, Jonathan A; Entschladen, Frank; Serfling, Edgar; Thiel, Gerald; Kieser, Arnd; Giehl, Klaudia; Ehrhardt, Christina; Feller, Stephan M; Ullrich, Oliver; Schaper, Fred; Janssen, Ottmar; Hass, Ralf

    2009-02-04

    The historical town of Weimar in Thuringia, the "green heart of Germany" was the sphere of Goethe and Schiller, the two most famous representatives of German literature's classic era. Not yet entirely as influential as those two cultural icons, the Signal Transduction Society (STS) has nevertheless in the last decade established within the walls of Weimar an annual interdisciplinary Meeting on "Signal Transduction - Receptors, Mediators and Genes", which is well recognized as a most attractive opportunity to exchange results and ideas in the field.The 12th STS Meeting was held from October 28 to 31 and provided a state-of-the-art overview of various areas of signal transduction research in which progress is fast and discussion lively. This report is intended to share with the readers of CCS some highlights of the Meeting Workshops devoted to specific aspects of signal transduction.

  16. THE INEXPRESSIBLE IN THE WORKS OF DANTE, GOETHE AND DOSTOEVSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Viktorovich Dudkin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article looks at the 'eternal' problem of the inexpressible in the cultural and historic forms and motives it took in the works of Dante, Goethe and Dostoevsky. We view the inexpressible as a product of subject-object type of relations. In the case of Dante, the issue of the 'inexpressible' stemmed from strict subordination of subject-object relations in the Middle Ages, where the object was universal and sacred (with God as its highest form and the subject was something 'under' (cf. the meaning of Latin prefix 'sub', something incomplete and not self-sufficient, with their cognitive capacity limited. The integrity of the world according to Goethe is achieved through the dynamic unity of its constituent parts rather than through their vertical hierarchy. In this unity, the external (objective mingles with the internal (subjective and vice versa. In the vision of earthly paradise in Dostoevsky's The Dream of Ridiculous Man the visual dominant is set up by the protagonists's cosmic guide: “To see everything...” Dostoevsky adds a new twist to the issue of the inexpressible, which takes the shape of a certain metalanguage the paradise dwellers use to communicate. The issue of the inexpressible has remained urgent since the days of Dostoevsky, as indeed it had been long before Dante. Multifaceted as the problem may be, it can be defined as a translation issue, if we view translation itself as a cultural rather than simply a linguistic phenomenon. Analysed this way, translation includes: 1 the translation of creative process into its outcomes; 2 translating the visual into the verbal; etc.

  17. How the Goethe-Institut Finland Promotes Its Services to Finnish University Students of German Language

    OpenAIRE

    Venho, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes how the Goethe-Institut Finnland, a nonprofit cultural German institution, promotes its services to Finnish university students of German language, by focusing on the perspectives of students in HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences. The objective of the study is to identify the degree of familiarity of the Goethe-Institut Finnland among students of German language in HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences, to recognize the demand for its services for learners...

  18. Depression and creativity - the case of the German poet, scientist and statesman J. W. v. Goethe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holm-Hadulla, Rainer M; Roussel, Martin; Hofmann, Frank-Hagen

    2010-12-01

    Goethe was one of the most creative poets, scientists and statesmen ever existing. Since the age of fourteen, he suffered from severe mood swings. His descriptions of feelings, emotions, and mental states related to temperamental and poetic melancholy, depressive episodes, dysthymic phases, and creativity are unique in respect to their phenomenological precision and richness. Furthermore, his (self-) therapeutic strategies and his self transformation in literature remain interesting until today for psychopathology, psychotherapy and creativity research. Goethe's self-assessments in his works and letters as well as the description of him by others are analysed by phenomenological and hermeneutic methods from the perspective of current psychiatric classification and psychotherapeutic knowledge. From a modern scientific perspective Goethe's mood swings are not to be regarded as expressions of a "poet's melancholy" in fashion at his time but as symptoms of depressive episodes. Several distinctive depressive episodes can be diagnosed which were characterized by long lasting depressive mood, lack of drive, interests and self-esteem combined with social retreat and physical illness. Moreover, Goethe described a mood disorder which fits into the modern concept of "driven dysthymia" or Bipolar II disorder. Goethe's depressive moods were associated with eminent poetic creativity whereas in times of scientific and political productivity Goethe seemed to be protected against depressive episodes. Phenomenological and hermeneutic analysis cannot offer causal explanations but only reasons for understanding and communicative action. In Goethe's life poetic incubation, illumination and elaboration seemed to be associated with psychic labilisation and dysthymia, sometimes with depressive episodes in a clinical sense. Thus, creative work was on the one hand triggered by depressive and dysthymic moods and served on the other hand to cope with depressive moods as well as with suicidal

  19. Johann Barvitius als Mäzen im rudolfinischen Prag

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šroněk, Michal

    -, č. 8 (2008), s. 49-57 ISSN 1213-5372 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Rudolfine art * Hans von Aachen * Johann Barvitius Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  20. Anneli Remme soovitab : Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (avakontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus)

  1. Johannes Hempel a jeho spisy do roku 1945

    OpenAIRE

    Kovács, Kristián

    2008-01-01

    I am trying to summarize life and theological work of Johannes Hempel till 1945. He was interested in special topics of Ethics of ancient Israel and Questions of profetic literature. By my research I was trying to include life and work of Johannes Hempel in his era and teological schools, define his work and compare it with other Old Testament scholars of his era. With reference to political situation of contemporar Germany (NS Regime) I prefer to accent Hempel's political ideas and engagemen...

  2. Johannes Heinrich Schultz and National Socialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Jürgen; Schrempf, Matthias; Steger, Florian

    2008-01-01

    Johannes Heinrich Schultz (1884-1970) established the set of techniques known as "autogenic training." From 1936 until 1945 he worked as assistant director of the Göring Institute. His role during National Socialism has been underestimated in our opinion. We considered Schultz's academic publications and his "autobiography" from 1964. Schultz publicly advocated compulsory sterilization as well as the "annihilation of life unworthy of life" and developed a diagnostic scheme which distinguished between the neurotic/curable and the hereditary/ incurable. In fact, this classification was then employed to decide between life and death. In order to justify the "New German Psychotherapy" alongside eugenic psychiatry, Schultz carried out degrading and inhuman "treatments" of homosexual prisoners of concentration camps who were in mortal danger. This study was based on written documents. We were not able to interview contemporary witnesses. By advocating compulsory sterilization and the "annihilation of life unworthy of life" and by the abuse of homosexuals as research objects Schultz violated fundamental ethical principles of psychiatry.

  3. Johannes Kepler - And the New Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voelkel, James R.

    1999-11-01

    Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) is remembered as one of the greatest medieval astronomers in the tradition of Copernicus and Galileo, a man who made major contributions to physics, astronomy, and mathematics. Born in Germany and trained as a theologian, Kepler did not hesitate to challenge church doctrine by supporting the iconoclastic theory of a Sun-centered solar system. As Imperial Mathematician to the Holy Roman Emperor, he conducted careful observations of the night sky, which led to his discovery of the three Laws of Planetary Motion and the orbit of Mars. He also devised the Rudolphine Tables on planetary movements, and made key improvements to the telescope. Voelkel vividly describes the scientific achievements, providing enough background in physics and trigonometry so even beginners can enjoy this book. The author also gives us a captivating account of Kepler's tumultuous life, plagued by misery, disease, and fervent religious prosecution by the Catholic Church.Oxford Portraits in Science is an ongoing series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

  4. Helmholtz and Goethe -- controversies at the birth of modern neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesselring, Jürg

    2013-01-01

    Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894), a great German scientist and philosopher, made his mark during the exciting twilight period from the Enlightenment and Romanticism to the beginnings of modern neuroscience and offered new perspectives through his work. His early inclination was for physics, which he found more attractive than purely geometric and algebraic studies, but his father was not able to make it possible for him to study physics, and so he studied medicine in order to earn a living. His lecture before the Physical Society in Berlin on July 23, 1847, 'about the conservation of the force' marked an epochal turn, even though his intention had been to deliver 'merely, some critical investigations and arrangement of facts in favor of the physiologists' as well as good arguments for the refusal of the theory of 'vitality'. Even though these new concepts were at first dismissed as fantastic speculation by some of the authorities in physics and philosophy of the day, they were enthusiastically welcomed by younger students of philosophy and the older men soon had to allow themselves to be persuaded that the effectiveness of vitality, though great and beautiful, is actually always dependent on some source of energy. Helmholtz critically assessed Goethe as a physical scientist but he did not dispute his great importance as a poet. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  5. Goethe in the Hall and His Journeys in Printed Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Plahte Tschudi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on graphic reproductions in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s 'Italian Journey'. This travel account gives a clear sense of how important prints were as part of Goethe’s education and preparation for the encounter with classical Roman monuments. As the text itself was edited and rewritten thirty to forty years after the journey itself, however, prints also became crucial in the attempt to remember that journey. In other words, the author of the 'Journey', in contrast to the youthful traveler, no longer sees engravings of Rome, but Rome through engravings. The discussion takes as a point of departure Goethe’s vast collection of prints, still kept in Weimar. Measured up against the references in the travel journal, prints not only reflected his impression of monuments, but also structured those impressions, as the elderly man looks back and reassembles his memories to make an official account of his life. However, it is too easy to ascribe this reliance on prints to a fading memory — on the contrary. As he grows into old age, Goethe’s idea of graphic reproduction evolves in parallel with his increasingly refined theories of nature. His growing preference for prints depicted as ruins reflects the aging author’s own sense of change and transformation.

  6. Tšarterkool USA-s / Johannes Kiersch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiersch, Johannes

    2001-01-01

    24.-27. mainì 01 toimub Tallinnas EFFE 2001 (European Forum of Freedom in Education) konverents "Haridus tänases kodanikuühiskonnas." Konverentsil esineb ka Witteni Waldorf-pedagoogika Instituudi õppejõud Johannes Kiersch. Lähemalt tema artiklist USA-s populaarsust võitvate tsharterkoolide kohta, mis on riigi- ja erakooli vahevorm

  7. Aasta põllumeheks 2003 sai Johannes Valk / Mati Jakson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakson, Mati

    2003-01-01

    Aasta põllumehe tiitli kätteandmisest Rahvusraamatukogus, kus esines tervitussõnavõtuga ka president Arnold Rüütel. 2003. aasta põllumeheks valitud Harjumaa suurtalunik Johannes Valk andis lühiülevaate Laheotsa talu tegevusest 2003. aastal

  8. Johann Urbi vanatädi / Simo Meinert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meinert, Simo

    2005-01-01

    Kanal 2 asub näitama Hollywoodi draamasarja "Mägi" ("The Mountain"), kus astub üles laulja Tarmo Urbi poeg Johann. Urbide perekondlikest suhetest räägib laulja Silvia Urb. Lisatud seriaali lühitutvustus ning loetelu J. Urbi varasematest rollidest. Sama artikkel ilma lisadeta: Teleleht nr. 22, 2005/Jun/6, lk. 7 : ill

  9. Retraining in Business German through the Goethe Institute in West Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clay, Gudrun; Schutte, Lilith

    A college language instructor recounts his experience in a retraining program in business German at the West Germany's Goethe Institute. Twenty-eight individuals from the United States and from five European countries participated in a program that offered (1) a 14-day immersion into business-related German, (2) establishment of German business…

  10. Assessing the Age of Goethe in the Undergraduate Curriculum: A Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larkin, Edward T.

    1991-01-01

    Presents information on how and what is taught in courses on the "Age of Goethe." Two appendices are presented that list the institutions responding to a questionnaire concerning the teaching of this course and the less familiar texts of the period that are treated by some instructors. (GLR)

  11. Goethe's anxieties, depressive episodes and (self-)therapeutic strategies: a contribution to method integration in psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holm-Hadulla, Rainer M

    2013-01-01

    In psychiatry and psychotherapy, abstract scientific principles need to be exemplified by narrative case reports to gain practical precision. Goethe was one of the most creative writers, productive scientists, and effective statesmen that ever lived. His descriptions of feelings, emotions, and mental states related to anxieties, depressive episodes, dysthymia, and creativity are unique in their phenomenological precision and richness. His life and work can thus serve as an excellent example enhancing our understanding of the relationship between anxiety, depression and creativity. Furthermore, he described (self-)therapeutic strategies that reinforce and refine modern views. Goethe's self-assessments in his works and letters, and the descriptions by others are analyzed under the perspective of current psychiatric classification. His therapeutic techniques and recommendations are compared with cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and existential psychotherapy to amplify modern concepts of psychotherapy. From a scientific perspective, several distinctive depressive episodes can be diagnosed in Goethe's life. They were characterized by extended depressive moods, lack of drive, and loss of interest and self-esteem combined with social retreat. Goethe displayed diffuse and phobic anxieties as well as dysthymia. His (self-)therapeutic strategies were: (a) the systematic use of helping alliances, (b) behavioral techniques, (c) cognitive reflection on meanings and beliefs, (d) psychodynamic and psychoanalytic remembering, repeating, and working through, and (e) existential striving for self-actualization, social commitment, meaning, and creativity. In Goethe's life, creative incubation, illumination, and elaboration appear to have been associated with psychic instability and dysthymia, sometimes with depressive episodes in a clinical sense. On the one hand, his creative work was triggered by anxieties, dysthymia, and depressive moods. On the other hand, his creativity

  12. "Der unvermeidliche Goethe" : Alexander Lernet-Holenias "Der wahre Werther" im Kontext der neueren "Werther"-Rezeption

    OpenAIRE

    Hamacher, Bernd

    2008-01-01

    Lernet-Holenias „Wahrer Werther“ (1959) ist eine Montage: Der größte Teil des Buches besteht aus einer Wiedergabe der 1774 anonym erschienenen ersten Fassung von Goethes »Leiden des jungen Werthers«. Vorangestellt ist eine aus Heinrich Gloëls Buch »Goethes Wetzlarer Zeit« (1911) kompilierte Einleitung, in der die stofflich-biographischen Hintergründe des Romans aus Goethes Wetzlarer Zeit erzählt werden. Die Montage belegt, dass die Gegenreaktion gegen den „Werther“ auch in der Mitte des 20. J...

  13. "Cosmomorphistic geometry" in the unconscious geometry of Johannes Kepler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Adolf

    Some mathematical aspects of the Music theory by Johannes Kepler are discussed, paying a special attention to the book "De harmonice mundi". Other scientists interested in Music theory are mentioned throughout the paper: The Pythagorean school, Klaudios Ptolemaios, Leonard Euler, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian von Goldbach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholz, Karl Friedrich Gauss. The relation with the ancient chinese schools of cosmography has been discussed: From the the Pythagorean to the ancient Chinese schools of cosmography we find arithmo-geometrical applications of numbers which are emblematic, hold meaning or represent the essence of things, the author writes. It was Johannes Kepler who taught us this "transconstructive method" of forming classical and ancient begginings of structuralistic thinking into a system from which deductions can readily be made.

  14. [Height-induced vertigo and its medical interpretation: Goethe and the Strassburger Münster].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagella, C

    2000-02-19

    An analysis combining medicine and literature challenges the methodology of both disciplines. This essay on the vertigo Goethe suffered on the tower of the Strasbourg Minster attempts to trace the vicissitudes of interpreting an emblem, like vertigo, burdened by cultural meaning and implications. Thus, Goethe's own report of this event 40 years after the fact, in his "Dichtung und Wahrheit", has to be related to another, hidden chronology of vertigo and fear in his account which, at first glance, conveys quite different implications. The first part of this paper refers to a medical interpretation of Goethe's dread of high places and his way of coping with it which, today, could be defined as a typical example of a behaviourist approach. In the second part, Goethe's vertigo is linked to psychoanalytic, literary, and historical reflections on the meanings of symptoms we connect today with medical terms like anxiety, phobia, and vertigo. Goethe's vertigo is shown as a complex problem--not only for himself but also for its interpreters: on the one hand, it tells its own story-within-a-story; on the other, it depends on the tools it was written with. Traditional approaches of medical history try to find symptoms and traces of diseases known to us today in literary texts, an approach which is as dubious as taking today's tools of medical analysis, such as psychoanalytic terms and concepts, to explain specific phenomena in literature without first carefully analysing these methods themselves, and only then subjecting the text to an analysis based on them. Nevertheless, this essay does not contest the justification of interpreting literary texts in the light of today's medical knowledge, but postulates that it should be clear which type of medical knowledge is applied. It is quite possible to read Goethe's account only as an old tale of acrophobia, but how will this help us? It seems more interesting to look at the link between the feeling of dizziness he experienced on

  15. Johann Baptist von Schweitzer: the queer Marx loved to hate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, H

    1995-01-01

    Despite his conviction on a morals charge involving a boy, the early German Social Democrat Johann Baptist von Schweitzer went on to have a successful political career. His life furnishes the context to present remarks by his political opponents Marx and Engels, which reveal their deep-seated homophobia. It is pointed out that this has been glossed over by the translations of the recently published Marx/Engels Collected Works. Some remarks on boy-love and anarchism are appended.

  16. 4. Passion in the Work of Johann Sebastian Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medňanský Karol

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Passions are exceptionally important in the works of Johann Sebastian Bach. His passion compositions are based particularly on Luther’s reformation, chiefly on developmental tendency which is based on the works of Johann Walter, Hans Leo Hassler and Michael Praetorius. The most significant forerunner of J. S. Bach was Heinrich Schütz. J. S. Bach’s textual aspect is aimed at the model of passion oratorio the main representative of which was a librettist Heinrich Brockes who worked in Hamburg. The interesting fact is that before the arrival of J. S. Bach, in 1723, there was no long tradition of passions in Leipzig. They were performed there in 1721 for the first time. J. S. Bach is demonstrably the author of the two passions: St Matthew Passion BWV 244 and St John Passion BWV 245. The authorship of Johann Sebastian Bach in St. Lukas Passion BWV 246 is strongly called into question and from St Mark Passion BWV 24 only the text was preserved.

  17. Natureza ou Deus: afinidades panteístas entre Goethe e o "brasileiro" Martius Nature or God: pantheistic affinities between Goethe and Martius, "the Brazilian"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus V. Mazzari

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Na segunda parte do romance As afinidades eletivas, a jovem Ottilie registra em seu diário as seguintes palavras: "Digno de veneração é apenas o naturalista que sabe descrever e expor o mais estranho, o mais insólito, com sua cor local, com todo o seu entorno e sempre em seu elemento mais próprio. Como eu gostaria de ver-me um dia na presença de Humboldt, ouvindo suas narrações!". A passagem revela, ao lado da admiração de Goethe por Humboldt, o seu interesse pelas ciências naturais, o qual experimenta significativa intensificação em setembro de 1824, quando estabelece contato pessoal com o botânico Carl F. P. von Martius. Em seu jovem interlocutor Goethe logo reconhece as qualidades de naturalista que no romance são atribuídas a Humboldt. Passa então a acompanhar com máximo interesse as publicações em que Martius elabora as pesquisas, observações e experiências realizadas ao longo dos três anos e meio em que percorreu, junto com o zoólogo Spix, mais de dez mil quilômetros de território brasileiro. Nasce assim um intercâmbio científico e cultural dos mais fecundos, o qual se enraíza especialmente nas concepções panteístas de que partilhavam o velho poeta de Weimar e o jovem botânico. Além de enfocar alguns aspectos das viagens brasileiras de Martius, este ensaio tem por objetivo expor a sua recepção por Goethe e discutir ainda eventuais influxos sobre sua produção literária. A reelaboração, em 1825, de uma das canções que Goethe, 43 anos antes, havia redigido com o subtítulo Brasilianisch deve-se seguramente a esse intercâmbio. Pretende-se discutir também a hipótese de que determinados textos e concepções de Martius tenham deixado vestígios em passagens da segunda parte do Fausto.In the second part of the novel Elective Affinities, young Ottilie registered the following words in her diary: "The only inquirers into nature whom we care to respect, are such as know how to describe and to represent

  18. "Lihtsate eestlaste ebausukombed" ja Johann Wolfgang Boecleri tagasitulek. Lisandusi kiriku, kirjanduse ja kommete ajaloole / Aivar Põldvere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvere, Aivar

    2008-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang Boeckleri (Heinrich Gösekeni väimehe) värvikast elukäigust. Kas Johann Heinrich Boeckler võis olla tema onu? "Lihtsate eestlaste ebausukommete" retseptsioonist. Eeestlaste kommetest ja usust. J. W. Boeckleri sidemetest Thomas Hiärnega. Boeckleri ilmumata jäänud eestlaste ajalugu käsitlenud raamatust. Boeckleri oletatavast spioonikarjäärist, tema kõikumisest luterluse ja katoliikluse vahel. Lisa : Johann Wolfgang Boeckleri bibliograafia

  19. Newton, Goethe and the process of perception: an approach to design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platts, Jim

    2006-06-01

    Whereas Newton traced a beam of white light passing through a prism and fanning out into the colours of the rainbow as it was refracted, Goethe looked through a prism and was concerned with understanding what his eye subjectively saw. He created a sequence of experiments which produced what appeared to be anomalies in Newton's theory. What he was carefully illustrating concerns limitations accepted when following a scientifically objective approach. Newton was concerned with the description of 'facts' derived from the analysis of observations. Goethe was concerned with the synthesis of meaning. He then went on to describe subjective techniques for training 'the mind's eye' to work efficiently in the subjective world of the imagination. Derided as 'not science', what he was actually describing is the skill which is central to creative design.

  20. Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae : inimlik headus ei sõltu režiimist / Pille Pae ; interv. Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Pille

    2006-01-01

    Desintegraatori juhi Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema isa armuandmispalve esitamist, isale toetusallkirjade kogumist, Arnold Rüütli suhteid Johannes Hindiga. Lisa: Kes oli Johannes Hint ja mis Desintegraator?

  1. El método es una digresión. Una lectura benjaminiana de Goethe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Filomena MOLDER

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El propio Benjamin nos dice que leer el trabajo de Simmel sobre el concepto de verdad en Goethe le ayudó a comprender que el concepto de origen propuesto en su libro sobre el Trauerspiel era una transposición del concepto goethiano de fenómeno original. Para discutir cómo los hechos económicos pueden convertirse en fenómenos originales, Benjamin se sirve de una analogía con el concepto de Goethe de la metamorfosis de las plantas. Por eso, aquí, intentaremos demostrar que comprender lo que es la filosofía en Benjamin implica una experiencia de umbral –en forma de salto, discontinuidad, interrupción, renuncia, disipación, obediencia y metamorfosis– cuya formulación suprema, concisa y enigmática es la siguiente: “El método es un desvio” [Methode is Umweg]. Algunos elementos del pensamiento morfológico de Goethe permitirán establecer una constelación de afinidades, algo bastante útil para la interpretación de este enigma.

  2. Die wonders in Johannes 6 verklaar aan die hand van 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maar die Evangelie van Johannes gee self 'n aanduiding van wat die intensie van die geskrif is, te wete Johannes 20: 30-31: Jesus het nog baie ander wondertekens, wat nie in hierdie boek beskrywe is nie, voor sy dissipels gedoen. Maar hierdie wonder tekens is beskrywe sodat julle kan glo dat Jesus die Christus is, die.

  3. Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae : inimlik headus ei sõltu rezhiimist / Pille Pae ; interv. Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Pille

    2006-01-01

    Desintegraatori juhi Johannes Hindi tütar Pille Pae vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema isa armuandmispalve esitamist, isale toetusallkirjade kogumist ning Arnold Rüütli suhteid Johannes Hindiga. Lisa: Kes oli Johannes Hint ja mis Desintegraator?

  4. Identificação molecular da uva 'Goethe' de Urussanga - SC por marcadores microssatélites Molecular identification of the grapevine 'Goethe' from Urussanga (SC with microsatellite markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariane Ruzza Schuck

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A variedade Goethe é símbolo da vitivinicultura da região de Urussanga, sul do Estado de Santa Catarina, a qual, atualmente, busca a Indicação Geográfica da Uva e do Vinho Goethe. Para isto, um dos requisitos necessários é a identificação precisa do material genético. Os marcadores microssatélites constituem a ferramenta molecular mais utilizada para a identificação varietal de videira em todo o mundo e têm a capacidade de produzir um perfil genético único para cada material vitícola. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar duas seleções de uva 'Goethe', presentes no município de Urussanga, por meio de marcadores moleculares microssatélites, visando a atender aos requisitos de denominação de origem e indicação de procedência controlada. A extração do DNA genômico foi realizada a partir de folhas jovens e ramos de nove acessos de cada seleção de 'Goethe Classica' e 'Goethe Primo' provenientes de uma coleção pública e de oito coleções privadas da região de Urussanga. Dez loci microssatélites VVS2, VVMD5, VVMD7, VVMD27, VrZAG62, VrZAG79, VVMD25, VVMD28, VVMD31 e VVMD32 foram genotipados através de eletroforese capilar. As análises realizadas mostraram que as duas variantes da uva 'Goethe' apresentaram um perfil molecular idêntico e único, isto é, representam a mesma variedade e sem nenhuma correspondência com variedades descritas anteriormente na literatura e nos bancos de dados consultados. As diferenças fenotípicas observadas provavelmente são devidas a mutações somáticas em regiões funcionais do genoma, fenômeno que dá origem aos clones em videira.'Goethe' grape is a symbol of the viticulture of Urussanga region, South of Santa Catarina State, which is currently claiming the geographical indication of the grape and wine Goethe. Microsatellite markers are the biotechnological tool most used for molecular identification of grapevine varieties worldwide. These markers have the potential of

  5. [The ideas that are seen. Form and perception in Goethe and Paolo Bozzi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomoni, Paola

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a comparative analysis of Paolo Bozzi's experimental phenomenology and of J.W. Goethe's morphological method, which is considered one of the Italian scholar's sources of inspiration. Starting from Bozzi's education within the Gestalt psychology tradition, under the guidance of Gaetano Kanizsa, and taking into account also the recent interest shown for Bozzi by several exponents of the analytic tradition, this work draws attention to the basic features of the methodology adopted by the perceptologist in his work. In this regard, what proves to be fundamental is the role played by the various techniques of inter-observation by means of an active and practical approach to the material, rather than a purely contemplative one. Bozzi's interest in Goethe's naturalistic writings, from the morphological ones to the Farbenlehre (Theory of colours), makes it possible to highlight significant analogies and conceptual continuities with Goethe's epistemology. First of all, a link between these two styles of research is provided by the subject "form," or Gestalt, and its direct, accurate observation, as well as its presence in non-conventional contexts and its non-metaphysical character. Furthermore, it is evident that both authors employ a conception of experiment that is repeatable, conducted almost always in conditions that are open and not of the laboratory. Not less relevant is their scientific style, in which the distinction between the context of discovery and the context of justification plays no role. At the same time the extraordinary communication skills of both authors play a crucial role: their non-academic way of writing accompanied by a sense of rigour and correctness makes the results outstanding and unique.

  6. La recepción de Goethe en Colombia entre dos centenarios (1932- 1940)

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Guillermo Gómez García

    1998-01-01

    El centenario de la muerte de Goethe en 1932 constituyó una ocasión propicia para llamar la atención hacia el "Júpiter de Weimar" en una Colombia que se desperezaba lentamente de la larga siesta "regeneracionista". Por supuesto que-la década de los veinte había conocido en nuestro medio ciertas manifestaciones de vanguardia - León de Greiff y Luis Vidales- como en toda América Latina -el primer Borges anterior a Fervor de Buenos Aires, Vicente Huidobro con su Altazor o Aroldo de Campos-. Sin ...

  7. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the green leafhopper Empoasca vitis Goethe (Homoptera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papura, D; Giresse, X; Chauvin, B; Caron, H; Delmotte, F; VAN Helden, M

    2009-05-01

    Eight dinucleotide microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized within the green leafhopper Empoasca vitis (Goethe) using an enrichment cloning procedure. Primers were tested on 171 individuals collected in the southwest of France from the vine plants. The identified loci were polymorphic, with allelic diversity ranging from two to 18 alleles per locus. Observed heterozygosities were from 0.021 to 0.760. These microsatellite markers should prove to be a useful tool for estimating the population genetic structure, host-plant specialization and migration capacity of this insect. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  8. A pesquisa de Goethe com as cores e a educação fenomenológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Bach Junior

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2015v33n2p805 Este artigo apresenta os fundamentos da Teoria das Cores de Goethe. As cores fisiológicas e físicas apresentam dois princípios: de complementaridade e intensificação. O método de pesquisa de Goethe é conhecido como fenomenológico. Em sua abordagem do fenômeno, não há uma redução às representações mecânicas e geométricas, e seu foco é a qualidade do fenômeno. O círculo cromático é composto através da pesquisa com as cores fisiológicas e físicas, o autor apresenta seis cores em vez de sete como no prisma de Newton. A observação fenomenológica do céu confirma os estudos do prisma. A fenomenologia de Goethe é um processo de educação dos sentidos e da qualidade da cognição.   Goethe´s research of colors and phenomenological education  Abstract This article presents the fundamentals of Goethe's Theory of Colors. The physiological and physical colors present two principles: complementarity and intensification. Goethe´s research method is known as phenomenological. In his method approach to the phenomenon, there is not a reduction to the mechanical and geometric representations. Its focus is the quality of the phenomenon. The color wheel is made through research with the physiological and physical colors. The author presents six colors instead of seven as in Newton's prism. The phenomenological sky observation confirms studies of the prism. Goethe's phenomenology is a process of education of the senses and the quality of cognition. Keywords: Phenomenology. Sensory Education. Epistemology of Education.   La investigación de Goethe con los colores y la investigación fenomenológica Resumen El presente artículo presenta los fundamentos de la teoría de los colores de Goethe. Los colores fisiológicos y físicos presentan dos principios: el de complementariedad y el de intensificación. El método de la investigación de Goethe es conocido como fenomenológico. En

  9. Special issue dedicated to Professor Johann M. Schepers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideon P De Bruin

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available It is a great pleasure for me to have been associated with this special issue of the SA Journal of Industrial Psychology dedicated to Professor Johann M. Schepers. The purpose of the special issue is to honour Professor Schepers for his contributions to the development of Psychology and Industrial Psychology as empirical fields of study in South Africa. The contributors have worked with Professor Schepers as students or colleagues and share his academic interests. The articles reflect his areas of interest and employ analytic techniques taught and championed by him. We are grateful to Professor Schepers for his cooperation throughout this project. Thanks are due to all the contributors and referees.

  10. Johann G. Herder: intellectual profile of an illuminated radical

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    Luis Gonzalo Díez Álvarez

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The intellectual origins of Nationalism and its idea of Culture found an unavoidable reference in Johann G. Herder’s work (1744-1803. Herder put forward an approach to Enlightenment contrary to the official one, critical of the policies of bureaucratic Reformism of Absolutism and Kantian Philosophical Rationalism. Herder’s take on Enlightenment holds a sense of History open to cultural diversity. Language and Culture emerge from Herder’s approach as the codes of a people’s world conceived of in a utopian way, beyond the logic of monarchic and aristocratic power. The nationalist idea of culture developed by the German thinker makes us reconsider, in a critical way, the Romantic origins of Nationalism.

  11. Johannes Kepler and his contribution to Applied Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pichler, Franz

    The worldwide renown of Johannes Kepler is based above all on his contribution to astronomy. The 3 Kepler's Laws relating to the planets are well known and will ensure that his name is remembered by future generations. Besides his astronomical work, Kepler also made important contributions in the fields of theology, physics, phylosophy and mathematics. The actual paper discusses the advances by Kepler in the application of mathematics to the solution of "real life problems". The author made a concise account of some of the disciples by Kepler: Klug, Wieleitner, Caspar, Hammer, paying particular attention to works published by Kepler while he was living in Linz (1612-1628). The Kepler's contribution to applied mathematics is an example supremely worthy of emulation, the author concludes.

  12. EASTER CHRONOTOPE IN GOETHE'S "FAUST": APPROACHES AND ESTIMATIONS IN THE TRANSLATIONS OF NIKOLAI KHOLODKOVSKY AND BORIS PASTERNAK

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    Malchukov L. I.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the most famous experiences of the Goethe's text presentations in Russian. The difference between Kholodkovsky and Pasternak’s translation strategies in the interpretation of Faust's salvation is particularly striking, as far as they can be understood only in the context of the Easter chronotope of tragedy.

  13. Johannes Müller, Exile Memories and the Dutch Revolt: The Narrated Diaspora, 1550-1750

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    C.A. (Annemieke Romein

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Müller, Exile Memories and the Dutch Revolt: The Narrated Diaspora, 1550-1750 (Dissertation Leiden University 2014; Leiden/ Boston: Brill. 2016, 254 pp., ISBN 9789004315914.

  14. More than Decadence - Johannes Jørgensen's early reception of Arthur Schopenhauer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    Fremmedsproglig forskningsformidling af hovedpunkterne i artiklen "En Poet og en Religionsstifter, med hvem jeg er enig i næsten alle Ting" Indledende betragtninger over Johannes Jørgensens Schopenhauer-reception.......Fremmedsproglig forskningsformidling af hovedpunkterne i artiklen "En Poet og en Religionsstifter, med hvem jeg er enig i næsten alle Ting" Indledende betragtninger over Johannes Jørgensens Schopenhauer-reception....

  15. The Discovery of Gravitational Repulsion by Johannes Droste

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGruder, Charles Hosewell; VanDerMeer, B. Wieb

    2018-01-01

    In 1687 Newton published his universal law of gravitation, which states that the gravitational force is always attractive. This law is based on our terrestrial experience with slowly moving bodies (v Einstein completed his theory of general relativity (also referred to as Einstein’s Theory of Gravitation), which is valid not just for slowly moving bodies but also for those with relativistic velocities. In 1916 Johannes Droste submitted a PhD thesis on general relativity to his advisor, H.A. Lorentz. In it he calculated the motion of a particle in what he called a “single center” and today we call the Schwarzschild field and found that highly relativistic particles experience gravitational repulsion. Thus, his thesis written in Dutch and never before translated contains the discovery of gravitational repulsion. Because of its historical importance we translate the entire section of his thesis containing the discovery of gravitational repulsion. We also translate his thesis in the hope of clearing up a major historical misconception. Namely, that David Hilbert in 1917 discovered gravitational repulsion. In fact, Hilbert rediscovered it, apparently completely independent of Droste’s work. Finally we note that one of the biggest mysteries of astrophysics is the question of how highly energetic particles in relativistic jets and cosmic rays are accelerated. It has been suggested that gravitational repulsion is the mechanism responsible for these phenomena. An historical understanding of gravitational repulsion is therefore pertinent.

  16. Are the alleged remains of Johann Sebastian Bach authentic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegers, Richard H C; Maas, Mario; Koopman, A Ton G; Maat, George J R

    2009-02-16

    A skeleton alleged to be that of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was exhumed from a graveyard in Leipzig, Germany, in 1894, but its authenticity is not established. In 1895, anatomist Wilhelm His concluded from his examination of the skeleton and reconstruction of the face that it most likely belonged to Bach. In 1949, surgeon Wolfgang Rosenthal noticed exostoses on the skeleton and on x-rays of 11 living organists and proposed a condition, Organistenkrankheit, which he interpreted as evidence that the skeleton was Bach's. However, our critical assessment of the remains analysis raises doubts: the localisation of the grave was dubious, and the methods used by His to reconstruct the face are controversial. Also, our study of the pelvic x-rays of 12 living professional organists failed to find evidence for the existence of Organistenkrankheit. We believe it is unlikely that the skeleton is that of Bach; techniques such as DNA analysis might help resolve the question but, to date, church authorities have not approved their use on the skeleton.

  17. Muusikamaailm : Hooaja algus Metis. Oktoober saksakeelses muusikateatris. Briti sügisfestivalid. Goethe-sari Bonni ooperimajas / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Metropolitan Opera 27. sept. alanud uue hooaja lavastustest. Ooperilavastustest ja ooperite maailmaesiettekannetest erinevates muusikateatrites Saksamaal ja Austrias oktoobris. Winsori muusikafestivalist (18.09-2.10) Kagu-Inglismaal, Swebis Edela-Inglismaal toimuvast muusikafestivalist (1.-22.10), kus tutvustatakse R.V.Williamsi muusikat, Norfolki ja Norwichi ühisfestivalist (1.-17.10). Bonni Opernhaus koostöös siinse Beethoveni festivaliga toob ettekandele teoseid, mis seotud Goethe "Faustiga"

  18. Les Affinités électives de Goethe : entre science et littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Joly

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Par leur titre même, Les affinités électives de Goethe renvoient à la doctrine chimique des rapports entre différents corps qui, à partir des travaux d’Etienne-François Geoffroy en 1718, s’impose comme théorie dominante dans la chimie du XVIIIe siècle. Goethe ne se contente pas d’une simple analogie entre les attirances amoureuses qui font et défont les couples et les opérations chimiques qui règlent les liaisons et les précipitations des substances chimiques. Son excellente connaissance de la tradition chimique et alchimique le conduit à considérer l’affinité comme une loi de la nature produisant aussi bien ses effets en chimie que chez les êtres vivants et dans le psychisme.The title of Goethe’s novel Elective Affinities refer to the chemical tenet of rapports between different bodies which, from Etienne-François Geoffroy’s works in 1718, emerge as a prevailing theory in the eighteenth-century chemistry. Goethe does not limit his views to the analogy between love attractions which made and break up couples and chimical processes which determine bonds and precipitations of chemical substances. His excellent knowledge of chemical and alchemical tradition leads him to consider affinity as a law of nature having effects in chemistry as well as in living being and into mind.

  19. Historical study: Johann Gregor Mendel 1822-1884.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiling, F

    1991-07-01

    The life and personality of Johann Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), the founder of scientific genetics, are reviewed against the contemporary background of his times. At the end are weighed the benefits for Mendel (as charged by Sir Ronald Fisher) to have documented his results on hand of falsified data. Mendel was born into a humble farm family in the "Kuhländchen", then a predominantly German area of Northern Moravia. On the basis of great gifts Mendel was able to begin higher studies; however, he found himself in serious financial difficulties because of his father's accident and incapacitation. His hardships engendered illness which threatened continuation and completion of his studies until he was afforded the chance of absolving successfully theological studies as an Augustinian monk in the famous chapter of St. Thomas in Altbrünn (Staré Brno). Psychosomatic indisposition made Mendel unfit for practical pastoral duties. Thus, he was directed to teach but without appropriate state certification; an attempt to pass such an examination failed. At that point he was sent to the University of Vienna for a 2-year course of studies, with emphasis on physics and botany, to prepare him for the exam. His scientific and methodologic training enabled him to plan studies of the laws of inheritance, which had begun to interest him already during his theology training, and to choose the appropriate experimental plant. In 1865, after 12 years of systematic investigations on peas, he presented his results in the famous paper "Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden." Three years after his return from Vienna he failed to attain his teaching certification a second time. Only by virtue of his exceptional qualifications did he continue to function as a Supplementary Professor of Physics and Natural History in the two lowest classes of a secondary school. In 1868 he was elected Abbot of his chapter, and freed from teaching duties, was able to pursue his many scientific interests with greater

  20. Johann Sebastian Bach’s Passions: Between Drama and Lyrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander E. Makhov

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Johann Sebastian Bach’s Passions are considered to be a synthesis of dramatic and lyric principles. Traditional comparison of Passions with musical drama or ancient tragedy does not exhaustively express the nature of the genre because in the Passions, dramatic action coexists with a lyrical dimension where the action is not shown or narrated but turns out to be the trigger for compassion. Voices expressing compassion are designated by Bach in vague terms, as a certain “I” or “We” unidentifiable with any particular person. In the lyrical episodes of Bach’s Passions, a singing voice does not allow any identification in the terms of personality, in the same way as the speaker’s voice remains unidentifiable in the lyric poem. The “I” singing arias in Passions is the “lyrical I” (Margarete Susman in the strict sense of the term. The principle of non-identity of the voice with a person is deeply rooted in the history of liturgical Passions. In the medieval Passion, a single voice (a definite intonation, or a manner of singing could be associated with a group of characters (apostles, Jews etc., or on the contrary, a single character could be endowed with different voices. Dramatic and lyrical dimensions of Passions form a unity which is supported by certain rhetorical devices. Antanaclasis (repetition of a word but each time with a different meaning establishes thematic connections between adjacent dramatic and lyrical statements; apostrophe (address to the absent or fictional audience serves as a “shifter” that switches between the dramatic and lyrical dimensions. However, there is also an undeniable emotional tension between these two dimensions. Tragic effects of dramatic action are opposed to the lyric meditation which, paradoxically, finds joy in Jesus’ sufferings. This is why in the music of Passions, serene, idyllic, and even dancelike images sometimes emerge amidst the most tragic moments of the action. Bach

  1. La recepción de Goethe en Colombia entre dos centenarios (1932- 1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Guillermo Gómez García

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available El centenario de la muerte de Goethe en 1932 constituyó una ocasión propicia para llamar la atención hacia el "Júpiter de Weimar" en una Colombia que se desperezaba lentamente de la larga siesta "regeneracionista". Por supuesto que-la década de los veinte había conocido en nuestro medio ciertas manifestaciones de vanguardia - León de Greiff y Luis Vidales- como en toda América Latina -el primer Borges anterior a Fervor de Buenos Aires, Vicente Huidobro con su Altazor o Aroldo de Campos-. Sin embargo, la actividad cultural y literaria no llegaba siquiera al discreto nivel crítico que había ejercido el tempranamente desaparecido Carlos Arturo Torres. Con excepción de los escritos de Baldomero Sanín Cano y Antonio Gómez Restrepo- y de algunos artículos que desde Medellín escribía el "semanasanto" de Tomás Carrasquilla, como él mismo se decía, o desde Barranquilla el "sabio catalán" Ramón Vinyes, como quedó retratado en Cien años de soledad- . la actividad crítica era menos que modesta. Casi desdeñable.

  2. Mälestused minu elust / Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann ; tõlk. Kalev Jaago

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiedemann, Ferdinand Johann

    2000-01-01

    Järg Sep/21;23;26;28;30 Oct/3;5;7;10;12;14 Ferdinand Johann Wiedemanni (1805-1887) mälestuste saksakeelne algkäsikiri aastast 1878 asub Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis Otto Greifenhageni fondis nr. 65, säilik 6. Kommentaar: Kalev Jaago

  3. Johannes Lomejer (1636-1699) : From a Historian of Books to a Cultural Historian

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frijhoff, W.T.M.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the making of young Johannes Lomejer's treatise on library history De bibliothecis (1669) including the famous Chapter X in its second edition (1680) that is considered to be the f?irst comprehensive inventory on European libraries. Since this chapter has been thoroughly

  4. Life and work of Dr. Johannes Govertus de Man (1850-1930)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karssen, G.

    2006-01-01

    This book describes the life and work of Dr. Johannes Govertus de Man (1850-1930), a remarkable Dutch invertebrate zoologist. J.G. de Man worked on the systematics of both the Crustacea, in particular on Decapoda (i.e. crabs, crayfish, lobsters and shrimps), and the microscopically Nematoda or

  5. Flesh, Foil, and Authenticity: Reflections on Johann AR Roduit’s “Flesh and Foil”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunderson, Martin

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Johann AR Roduit’s poem, “Flesh and Foil,” raises a number of issues regarding enhancement, especially the need for principles to guide the process of human enhancement. The guidance that the poem seeks can be found in a combination of virtue ethics and authenticity.

  6. Remembering Johann Gregor Mendel: a human, a Catholic priest, an Augustinian monk, and abbot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Father Clemens

    2015-11-01

    Johann Mendel (Gregor was the name given to him only later by his Augustinian order, Fig. 1) was born on July 20, 1822 to an ethnic German family, Anton and Rosina Mendel (Fig. 2), in Heinzendorf in the Austrian Empire at the Moravian-Silesian border (now Hynčice, Czech Republic).

  7. Das Orgelbüchlein von Johann Sebastian Bach : Strukturen und innere Ordnung

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pachlatko, F.M.

    2014-01-01

    The 'Little Organ Book' (O=B) is the first major cyclical work of Johann Sebastian Bach, and was probably written between 1703 and 1720. Hitherto it has been assumed that the O=B was unfinished. Of the 164 chorale titles listed in the autograph, only 46 chorales were composed. As a preliminary

  8. Johannes van den Berg, Constrained by Jesus' Love. An Inquiry into ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Johannes van den Berg, Constrained by Jesus' Love. An Inquiry into the Motives of the missionary Awakening in Qreat Britain in the Period between 1698 and 1815, J. H. Kok, N.V., Kampen, 1956. P.S Dreyer. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  9. Johannes Hindi abil Arnold Rüütli vastu / Aare Vets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vets, Aare

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli vastastest rünnakutest presidendivalimiste kampaanias, näitena Eesti Ekspressis ilmunud artikkel, mille järgi Arnold Rüütel on vastutav Johannes Hindi vangistamises. J. Hindi tegevusest silikaltsiidi tootmisel ja Desintegraatori direktorina, kriminaalasja algatamisest ja karistamisest Eesti NSV-s

  10. Educational Theory as Topological Rhetoric: The Concepts of Pedagogy of Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenklies, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    The debate concerning the relation of the theory of education and the practice of education is not new. In Germany, these discussions are an integral part of the development of educational science in the eighteenth century which is closely connected to Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Their concepts illustrate different…

  11. Johannes Kinker. A Kantian Philosopher Teaching Dutch Language, Literature and Eloquence.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wal, van der M.J.

    2018-01-01

    The cosmopolitan citizen and Kantian philosopher Johannes Kinker, who had played a leading role in many institutions and societies of the northern Netherlands, held the newly founded Dutch chair in Liège for more than a decade. The present chapter addresses the questions why he accepted this post,

  12. Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 van Johann Sebastian Bach : een praedicatio sonora

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eikelboom, A.

    2007-01-01

    In the oeuvre of Johann Sebastian Bach the motets take only a modest position. According to Bach's early biographers he must have written many motets, but only few have been preserved. Among these motets Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 occupies a special position. It is the only one which combines a

  13. The astronomer and the witch Johannes Kepler's fight for his mother

    CERN Document Server

    Rublack, Ulinka

    2015-01-01

    The extraordinary tale of Johannes Kepler, one of the most admired astronomers of all time, and the six long years spent defending his mother from her neighbours' accusations of witchcraft. A story which takes us to the heart of Kepler's changing world.

  14. "Mulle meeldib mängida sitapäid!" / Johann Urb ; interv. Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urb, Johann

    2008-01-01

    Internet Movie Database'i kasutajate arvates on mängufilm "The Hottie and the Nottie" (2008) Paris Hiltoniga peaosas ja USAs töötava eestlasest näitleja Johann Urbi kaastegevusel läbi aegade halvim film. Näitleja ja modell endast, oma elust Los Angelesi lähedal Marina Del Rays

  15. Paavst Johannes Paulus II läkitus kunstirahvale / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    1999-01-01

    Johannes Paulus II 1999. a. 4. aprilli kirjast 'Nendele, kes kirglikult ja pühendunult otsivad ilu uusi 'ilmutusi', et kinkida need maailmale kunstilise loomena'. Kunstnik kui sõnumi kuulutaja. Kas kirik vajab kunsti ja kunst kirikut.Czeslaw Milosz, Wojciech Kilar, Stefan Chwin paavsti kirjast

  16. Johannes Jessenius's Pro vindiciis contra tyrannos Oratio and the Reception of Monarchomachy in the Bohemian Lands

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šolcová, Kateřina

    -, 29/53 (2015), s. 137-168 ISSN 0231-5955 R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-37038G Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Monarchomachia * Johannes Jessenius * Political Philosophy * Reformation * Critical Edition Subject RIV: AB - History

  17. Kui kirjandus jäi aega kinni: sõjast ja kirjandusest Johannes Semperi loomingus / Marit Karelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karelson, Marit

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis keskendutakse muutustele, mida Esimene maailmasõda tõi kaasa Johannes Semperi arusaamades kirjanduse ja aja koostoimimisest ning käsitletakse kirjaniku ideed ilukirjanduse rütmist, mis on eri perioodidel erinev

  18. Roosna-Alliku mõisa häärber / Karl Kolopka, Nele Rohtla, Johann Schultz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolopka, Karl

    2004-01-01

    12 ill.; peahoone ehitati Johann Schultzi kavandite järgi, siseinterjööri ilmestava Louis XVI stiilis stukitöö tegi Karl Kolopka, häärber restaureeriti Nele Rohtla (OÜ Mõisaprojekt) suunamisel

  19. The Berlin astronomer - Life and works of Johann Elert Bode (1747-1826) (German Title: Der Berliner Astronom - Leben und Werk von Johann Elert Bode (1747-1826) )

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwemin, Friedhelm

    Johann Elert Bode (1747-1826), long-time director of Berlin Observatory, earned his merits by editing the “Astronomisches Jahrbuch” for many years, for producing a immaculate star atlas, and for writing a series of popular books. Today, astronomers still know the “Titius-Bode law” of planetary distances, which had been publicized by him. The author traces the life of this Hamburg-born scholar. He analyzes his works and tries to determine his place in the history of astronomy. The volume comprises texts of original documents from Bode's life, a bibliography of his works, as well as numerous historical illustrations, often published here for the first time.

  20. Ajaloo õppetunnid : õnn ja jumalik ettehooldus Johannes Schefferuse teoses "Memorabilium Sueticae gentis exemplorum liber singularis" (1671) / Kristiina Savin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savin, Kristiina, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Uppsala ülikooli poliitika ja kõnekunsti professori Johannes Schefferuse (1621-1679) ladina-keelsest teosest "Memorabilium Sueticae gentis exemplorum liber singularis" (Rootsi rahva mälestusväärsete näidete raamat ühes osas). Teoses esitatud uskumatutest lugudest. "Memorabilia" võtmemõisteks on voorus. Johannes Schefferuse isikust. Jumalakartlikkusest., õnnest ja edust. Ajaloost kui elu õpetajast

  1. High-resolution compact Johann crystal spectrometer with the Livermore electron beam ion trap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robbins, D.L.; Chen, H.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Faenov, A.Ya.; Pikuz, T.A.; May, M.J.; Dunn, J.; Smith, A.J.

    2004-01-01

    A compact high-resolution (λ/Δλ≅10 000) spherically bent crystal spectrometer in the Johann geometry was recently installed and tested on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SuperEBIT electron beam ion trap. The curvature of the mica (002) crystal grating allows for higher collection efficiency compared to the flat and cylindrically bent crystal spectrometers commonly used on the Livermore electron beam ion traps. The spectrometer's Johann configuration enables orientation of its dispersion plane to be parallel to the electron beam propagation. Used in concert with a crystal spectrometer, whose dispersion plane is perpendicular to the electron beam propagation, the polarization of x-ray emission lines can be measured

  2. Heritage of the romantic philosophy in post-Linnaean botany Reichenbach's reception of Goethe's metamorphosis of plants as a methodological and philosophical framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robin, Nicolas

    2011-01-01

    This paper demonstrates the importance of the reception and development of Goethe's metamorphosis of plants as a methodological and philosophical framework in the history of botanical theories. It proposes a focus on the textbooks written by the German botanist Ludwig Reichenbach and his first attempt to use Goethe's idea of metamorphosis of plants as fundamental to his natural system of plants published under the title 'Botany for Women', in German Botanik für Damen (1828). In this book, Reichenbach paid particular attention to Goethe's sensitive views on the essence of nature; he regarded Goethe's idea of metamorphosis in the plant kingdom as an ideal model to interpret connections of natural phenomena, in particular as a conceptual frame for a natural system. Furthermore, he aimed to develop the philosophical statement of the metamorphosis, in which he called for nature-philosophical conceptions in order to materialize his representation of plant "affinities," and of a kind of "ontogeny" of the whole plant kingdom. This paper demonstrates that, between speculative views and empirical attempts, the extent to which Reichenbach actually belonged to a new "school" of thought, which left its mark on the history and philosophy of botany.

  3. The Comparative Study: Aesthetic and Love in Hafiz and Goethe's Poetry in Order to Awaken and Bring Perfection in Global Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi; Mahdavi, Zainab

    2013-01-01

    In the middle of eighteen century, sources of the East were considered by European visitors. Accordingly, Hafiz (c.1320-1329) was one of these sources that influenced one of the greatest poets and thinkers of German. Goethe severely in his "West-ostlicher Divan" disclosed that Hafiz's poems attracted him. In this essay, we explain…

  4. Johannes Hint : ühe XX sajandi ausa mehe tragöödia / Holger Kaljulaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljulaid, Holger

    2006-01-01

    Desintegraatori juhi Johannes Hindi tegevusest ning temaga seotud kohtuprotsessist meedias avaldatud materjalide ja arhiividokumentide põhjal. Vt. samas väljavõtteid: Vladimir Georg Karassev-Orgusaare mõtteavaldusest 1982. aasta jaanuaris RL-i stuudios Pariisis; Johhannes Hindi sõnavõtust NSV Liidu Riikliku Plaanikomitee (Gosplan) kolleegiumil 10. II 1981 ja tema tööst "Viimaseid mõtteid inimkonnale", 1985; Aleksander Kaelase mõtteavaldusest aprillis 1955 Ameerika Hääle saates; Nikolai Baibakovi, Gosplani kunagise juhi (1965-85) 2000. a. märtsis antud intervjuust

  5. Johann Joseph on Geometrical-Optical Illusions: A Translation and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Nicholas J; Todorović, Dejan; Phillips, David; Lingelbach, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    The term geometrical-optical illusions was coined by Johann Joseph Oppel (1815-1894) in 1855 in order to distinguish spatial distortions of size and orientation from the broader illusions of the senses. We present a translation of Oppel's article and a commentary on the material described in it. Oppel did much more than give a name to a class of visual spatial distortions. He examined a variety of figures and phenomena that were precursors of later, named illusions, and attempted to quantify and interpret them.

  6. Johann Joseph Oppel (1855) on Geometrical–Optical Illusions: A Translation and Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todorović, Dejan; Phillips, David; Lingelbach, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    The term geometrical–optical illusions was coined by Johann Joseph Oppel (1815–1894) in 1855 in order to distinguish spatial distortions of size and orientation from the broader illusions of the senses. We present a translation of Oppel’s article and a commentary on the material described in it. Oppel did much more than give a name to a class of visual spatial distortions. He examined a variety of figures and phenomena that were precursors of later, named illusions, and attempted to quantify and interpret them. PMID:28694957

  7. „Den Bösen sind sie los“ Überlegungen zu Mephistopheles und zum Bösen in Goethes Faust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Eggensperger

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Por que o Mefistófeles no Fausto de Goethe, ao contrário de todas as expectativas, não apresenta uma natureza realmente má? Partindo desta pergunta, neste artigo discute-se a figura do diabo no imaginário europeu no sec. XVI e no Doctor Faustus de Christopher Marlowe. Em seguida são analisados alguns traços principais do diabo goethiano secularizado. O Mefistófeles de Goethe não é o demônio da mitologia cristã e tão pouco representa o grande vilão da peça. Seu autor deixa claro que a responsibilidade pelo mal produzido nas duas partes do Fausto é dos seus personagens humanos.

  8. The primal integrated realm and the derived interactive realm in relation to biosemiosis, and their link with the ideas of J.W. von Goethe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Peter W

    2012-09-01

    Certain phenomena in Nature which might logically be regarded as indicating biosemiotic communication, with signal, receptor and interpretant, may, in fact, indicate no such thing. Instead, the respective phenomenological observations may point to an underlying system that JW von Goethe termed an "Urphänomen". From such Primal Phenomena emerge derived phenomena, or "Types", which are made substantial by processes that uniquely define Life and Living. Biosemiosis arises and takes place within the derived Types. Examples of Primal Phenomena and their derivatives are taken from recent observations on the putative influence of the lunisolar gravitational force upon animal and plant behavior, and from some aspects of plant development that show connection with Goethe's idea of the 'Urpflanze'.

  9. "No remoinho da tendência-espiral": questões de estética, literatura e ciências naturais na obra de Goethe "In the vortex of the spiral tendency": questions of aesthetics, literature and natural sciences in the work of Goethe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Mainberger

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Em seus últimos anos de vida, Goethe esteve obcecado pela assim chamada "tendência-espiral". Essa questão, contudo, de modo algum constituía algo novo para ele, como demonstram claramente suas formulações anteriores em torno de linhas curvas e espirais. De fato, essas formas encontram-se nas zonas de intersecção entre literatura, artes visuais (em especial, as ornamentais e estudos científicos. Uma referência crucial para as estéticas do final do século XVIII foi a famosa concepção de William Hogarth sobre a "linha da beleza" (1753, a qual também deixou vestígios nos escritos de Goethe, até mesmo em sua fase tardia. O presente trabalho examina sua elegia "Amynthas" (1799, o ensaio "Touro fossilizado" (1822, assim como textos sobre a metamorfose das plantas e a tendência-espiral da vegetação. Formas espirais parecem ter exercido fascínio tão intenso sobre Goethe porque elas possibilitam, com seus múltiplos significados e funções, extrapolar fronteiras entre diferentes gêneros e disciplinas e estabelecer conexões entre diferentes pensamentos. Essa atividade intelectual transgressora, a que chamaríamos de "interdisciplinaridade", continuou sendo modelar para importantes pensadores do século XX, tais como Paul Valéry, Walter Benjamin ou Aby Warburg.In his final years Goethe was obsessed by the so-called "spiral tendency". The problem, however, was far from new to him as the versions and variations of curved lines and spirals in Goethe's work clearly show. These forms can actually be found at the crossroads of poetry, visual aesthetics (namely of ornaments, and scientific studies. A crucial point of reference for aesthetics in the later 18th century was William Hogarth's famous concept and model of the "line of beauty" (1753, which also left its traces in Goethe's writings, even in his late period. This study examines his elegy "Amyntas" (1799, the essay "Fossile Bull" (1822, and texts on the metamorphoses of plants and

  10. Samuel Naeranus (1582-1641) en Johannes Naeranus (1608-1679) : twee remonstrantse theologen op de bres voor godsdienstige verdraagzaamheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, S.J.

    2011-01-01

    In deze intellectuele dubbel biografie van Samuel en Johannes Naeranus staat de strijd voor religieuze verdraagzaamheid centraal. Visser laat zien hoe vader en zoon, leden van een bekend zeventiende-eeuws remonstrants predikantenge¬slacht, handen en voeten gaven aan hun streven naar tole¬rantie,

  11. Johannes Miller o výzdobě Auly olomoucké univerzity v letech 1718 - 1719

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dolejší, Kateřina

    -, č. 294 (2007), s. 81-84 ISSN 1212-1134 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA408/03/0059 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Baroque wall painting * Olomouc University * Johannes Miller Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  12. Göttliche Liebes=Flamme : De lutherse leer van de Heilige Geest en haar invloed op Johann Sebastian Bach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwitser, M.S.

    2012-01-01

    In the 1990s, the discussion about Bach and the Holy Spirit followed was revived after Renate Steiger’s (re)discovery of an emblem by Johann Saubert, in which the alto is described as the voice of the Holy Spirit in the believer’s heart. Despite the lively debate and some illuminating

  13. The Art of History and Eighteenth-Century Information Management: Christian Gottlieb Jocher and Johann Heinrich Zedler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Richard Glenn

    2013-01-01

    In the eighteenth century there were enough printed sources and archival materials to challenge or even overwhelm historians of that day. Two productive editors of lexicons and information management were Christian Gottlieb Jocher, who taught history at the University of Leipzig and became the chief librarian at his university, and Johann Heinrich…

  14. Blackness, religion, aesthetics: Johannes Anyuru’s literary explorations of migration and diaspora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Heith

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses deconstructions of the European construct from the vantage point of how skin colour, physical appearance and religion have been used for drawing boundaries between white, Christian Europe and the black, Muslim world. The analysis is based on literary texts by the Afro-Swedish author Johannes Anyuru. The article proposes that his first collection of poems from 2003, the first novel from 2010 and a multifaceted text from 2011, which is a kind of diary on the surface level, contribute to the shaping of new notions of belonging, home and identity that challenge ideas of cultural purity and homogeneity. On the level of aesthetics the texts exemplify a diaspora aesthetic characterized by hybridization. This involves a mixture of elements from various stylistic registers and locations from within and outside Europe.

  15. The composition of matter symposium honouring Johannes Geiss on the occasion of his 80th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Gloeckler, George; Mason, G M

    2007-01-01

    This volume consists of papers developed from a joint ACE/ISSI symposium on the "Composition of Matter" honoring the occasion of Johannes Geiss's 80th birthday. The reader will find new insights into the composition of solar-system and galactic matter and fractionation processes affecting samples of this matter. These findings are based on measurements by recent space instruments, ground-based studies, and theoretical advances. The five symposium sessions reflect the areas of research presented in this book: linking primordial to solar composition, planetary samples, solar sources and fractionation processes, interstellar gas, and cosmic rays. The structure of the volume at hand largely follows the structure of the symposium. It includes almost all of the overview and invited papers and many of the contributed ones.

  16. The sociology of language in Johann David Michaelis's dissertation of 1760.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R N

    1976-10-01

    In 1759 Johann David Michaelis won a prize from the Prussian Royal Academy for his essay Beantwortung der Frage von dem Einfluss der Meinungen in die Sprache, und der sprache in die Meinungen. The essay was published in the following year and translated into French in 1762, into English in 1769, and into Dutch in 1771. The work has two major themes--linguistic relativity and language change--with ancillary discussions of language in general and of homonymy. Its most significant contribution to the theory of language is its discussion of linguistic relativity, especially in its manifestations in the influence of language on thought. Given the intellectual milieu of the work where inquiry was centered on the origin of language and language universals, it stands as one of the few discussions of this topic and it is also one of the most fruitful discussions of linguistic relativity for any period of history.

  17. Johann Jakob Wettstein. New Sources, New Problems, and New Possibilities for Digital Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Krans

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Johann Jakob Wettstein (1683-1754 worked almost all his life toward the publication of his landmark 1751-52 edition of the Greek New Testament. In recent years, a large number of previously unknown sources on and by Wettstein has come to light, scattered over libraries in Europe, that provide new insights into his life and his New Testament project. This paper explores the diversity of these sources, their genres, their connections, their state of conservation and accessibility and the like. Starting from the idea that the collection offers an excellent opportunity for mapping a single scholar’s projects and international networks over time and space, it envisages a project that brings together this wealth of material. It asks what challenges and possibilities for international digital research the collection entails and formulates the desiderata concerning the necessary digital infrastructure and collaboration across traditional scholarly boundaries.

  18. The Heritage of Medieval Errors in the Latin Manuscripts of Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson, Maureen

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available After the Christian reconquest of Islamic-held territory, many Arabic texts had to be translated into Latin in twelfth century Spain. Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville knew both Arabic and Latin and worked alone, whereas others needed collaborators to complete the process. The duplication of Latin texts became popular and quickly spread. Over the following centuries, the medieval scribes involved made multiple copies of the manuscripts and during the reproduction process, many errors occurred. These contributed to confusion between the correct version of the translator's name and his identity. Consequently, Hispalensis appeared in later copies of his work with various titles such as “Master” or “Bishop”, or was coupled with a collaborator. Modern-day historians added to the complexities by creating one personality out of two diverse translators. At times, the ownership of some of the manuscripts rested solely on the names appearing in them, when only scribal errors had contributed them. An attempt is made to clarify the translations accredited to Johannes Hispalensis, working alone, and those working with collaborators.

    Después de la Reconquista, se tuvieron que traducir al latín muchos textos árabes en la España del siglo XII. La mayoría de los copistas necesitaban colaboradores para concluir el proceso, sin embargo, Johannes Hispalensis (Juan de Sevilla conocía tanto la lengua árabe como el latín, por lo que podía trabajar solo. La duplicación de textos latinos se popularizó y divulgó rápidamente. Durante los siglos siguientes, los copistas medievales hicieron múltiples copias, y durante el proceso de reproducción cometieron muchos errores que contribuyeron a la confusión entre la versión correcta del nombre del traductor y su identidad.  Por consiguiente, Hispalensis apareció en copias

  19. Is Johannes 1:1 ’n ‘raaisel’? Grammatikale getuienis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan van der Watt

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Is Johannes 1:1 a ‘riddle’? Grammatical evidence. John 1:1 is one of the most famous opening lines in the Bible. No wonder that it received its proportionate attention in scholarship which is characterised by the differences of opinion regarding several issues addressed in these verses. It is suggested that these difficulties in interpreting this verse might be an implication that it is a riddle or at least has riddle-like qualities. The question to be dealt with further is whether the grammar, which is also subject of intense discussion, supports the idea that this verse might be a riddle. Keywords: John 1:1, Riddles in John, ‘God’ or ‘god’ in John, Johannine grammar

  20. From Mecca to Rome: The Comparative Study of Attar’s Sheikh of San’an and Goethe’s Faust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Taghavi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article is a comparative study of Attar’s Sheik of San’an and Goethe’s Faust. Both stories demonstrate a similarity of theme and structure as they call upon the reader to discover the external world through journey and have a deeper conception of his inner self via meditation and contemplation though it is true that Attar and Goethe have different worldviews and that they belong to two diametrically opposed epochs. They have a similar conception of certain things and have therefore used a certain structure to express them. Furthermore, both stories express religious themes in a new way that transcends the tradition. The author has also tried to show that the Islamic mysticism might have been a source of inspiration for Goethe.

  1. Das Mäzenatentum des Grafen Johann Wenzel von Gallas und seine Festivitäten in Rom 1714–1719

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krummholz, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 27, Oktober (2016), s. 35-53 ISSN 0940-4007 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Johann Wenzel of Gallas * Rome * envoy * patronage * Habsburgs * opera * festivities * Baroque Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  2. "PULS." - a blog-based online-magazine for students of medicine of the Goethe University Frankfurt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurche, Bettina; Klauer, Gertrud; Nürnberger, Frank

    2013-01-01

    In the context of nationwide protests 2009 also students of the faculty of medicine/dentistry at Goethe-University in Frankfurt demanded more transparency and communication. To satisfy these demands, a web 2.0-tool offered an innovative solution: A blog-based online-magazine for students and other faculty-members. The online-magazine "PULS." is realized with the share-ware blog-software (wordpress version 3.1.3) and is conceived and written by an online-journalist. "PULS." is available from https://newsmagazin.puls.med.uni-frankfurt.de/wp/. The articles are generated from own investigations and from ideas of different groups of the faculty- deanship, students and lecturers. A user-analysis is conducted with the open-source software Piwik and considers the data security. Additionally, every year an anonymous online-user-survey (Survey Monkey) is conducted. "PULS." is continuously online since 14.02.2010 and has published 806 articles (state: 27.11.2012) and has about 2400 readers monthly. The content focuses on the needs of Frankfurt medical students. The close cooperation with different groups of the faculty - deanship, students and lecturers - furthermore guarantees themes relevant to the academic faculty. "PULS." flanks complex projects and decisions with background-information and communicates them understandable. The user-evaluation shows a growing number of readers and a high acceptance for the online-magazine, its themes and its style. The web 2.0-tool "Blog" and the web-specific language comply with media habits of the main target group, the students of the faculty medicine/dentistry. Thus, "PULS." has proven as a suitable and strategic instrument. It pushes towards a higher transparency, more communication and a stronger identification of the students with their faculty.

  3. "PULS." – a Blog-based Online-Magazine for Students of Medicine of the Goethe University Frankfurt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurche, Bettina; Klauer, Gertrud; Nürnberger, Frank

    2013-01-01

    In the context of nationwide protests 2009 also students of the faculty of medicine/dentistry at Goethe-University in Frankfurt demanded more transparency and communication. To satisfy these demands, a web 2.0-tool offered an innovative solution: A blog-based online-magazine for students and other faculty-members. The online-magazine „PULS.“ is realized with the share-ware blog-software (wordpress version 3.1.3) and is conceived and written by an online-journalist. „PULS.“ is available from https://newsmagazin.puls.med.uni-frankfurt.de/wp/. The articles are generated from own investigations and from ideas of different groups of the faculty– deanship, students and lecturers. A user-analysis is conducted with the open-source software Piwik and considers the data security. Additionally, every year an anonymous online-user-survey (Survey Monkey) is conducted. “PULS.” is continuously online since 14.02.2010 and has published 806 articles (state: 27.11.2012) and has about 2400 readers monthly. The content focuses on the needs of Frankfurt medical students. The close cooperation with different groups of the faculty - deanship, students and lecturers - furthermore guarantees themes relevant to the academic faculty. “PULS.” flanks complex projects and decisions with background-information and communicates them understandable. The user-evaluation shows a growing number of readers and a high acceptance for the online-magazine, its themes and its style. The web 2.0-tool “Blog” and the web-specific language comply with media habits of the main target group, the students of the faculty medicine/dentistry. Thus, “PULS.” has proven as a suitable and strategic instrument. It pushes towards a higher transparency, more communication and a stronger identification of the students with their faculty. PMID:23467571

  4. ``Planetário e Teatro Digital Johannes Kepler'' and its Institutional Pedagogical Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, R. Z.; Calil, M. R.; Perez, E. R.; Kanashiro, M.; Silva, L. C. P.; Calipo, F.

    2014-10-01

    This work relates the reception of schools, started on August 2012, in the astronomic laboratory of the "Planetário e Teatro Digital Johannes Kepler", located in the "Sabina - Escola Parque do Conhecimento" in Santo André, São Paulo. The idealization of this project, authorship of Marcos Calil, PhD, consists in four apprenticeship environments disposed around the planetary dome. They make reference to the System Sun - Earth - Moon (Tellurium), Solar System, Astronautic and Stars. On Tuesdays and Wednesdays the astronomic laboratory is used by Santo André municipal schools for focused lessons, being possible on Thursdays scheduling for private and public schools. On weekends and holidays is opened for the visitors. Since the inauguration to the beginning of activities with students, the monitor team was guided and trained on contents of Astronomy and Aeronautic to execute the schools service. This is done in four stages, which are: reception, course trough the astronomic laboratory, dome session and activities closure. During the reception the acquaintance rules are passed on for a better visit. Before starting the course the monitors do a survey about the previous knowledge of the students. On the astronomic laboratory resources of the environment are used to explain the contents of Astronomy and Astronautic, always considering the age group and the curriculum developed in classroom. After the course the students watch a planetary session supporting the contents seen on the astronomic laboratory. At the end a feedback is done with the students about the subject discussed. During the visit the teachers fulfill an evaluation about the place and the service. From August 2012 to November 2012 were attended between municipal, public and private schools. From the 4932 students attended, 92% belonged to the municipal network, 5% to the private network and 3% to the public network. From the 189 evaluations done by the teachers, 97.8% were satisfied, 2.1% partially

  5. Los aportes de Johann Christian Reil al nacimiento de la psiquiatría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stagnaro, Juan Carlos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Rhapsodieen by Johann Christian Reil (1759-1813, edited in 1803, gave a crucial boost to care and treatment reforms for the mentally ill in Prussia. Reil, professor at the University of Halle, maintained that the causes of human illnesses cannot be distinguished as purely mental, chemical of physical, but as the result of an essential interaction among these three domains. Also, he formulated the basis of a new specialty, which he called psychiatry; he proposed the rights of people with mental illness, denounced the effects of the social stigma affecting them, defended the creation of specialized institutions which are adequate for them, stressed the responsibility of the government and the whole society for the citizens afflicted with these disorders, and proposed psychic cure as a fundamental treatment, both for mental and somatic illnesses, at a level equivalent to pharmacological treatments and surgery.Las Rhapsodieen… de Johann Christian Reil (1759-1813, editadas en 1803, dieron un impulso decisivo para las reformas de la atención y el tratamiento de los enfermos mentales en Prusia. Reil, profesor en la Universidad de Halle, sostenía que las causas de las enfermedades humanas no se pueden distinguir entre puramente mentales, químicas o físicas, sino que resultan de una esencial interacción entre estos tres dominios. Además, formuló las bases de una nueva especialidad, a la que denominó psiquiatría, planteó los derechos de los enfermos mentales, denunció los efectos del estigma social que los afecta, defendió la creación de instituciones especializadas adecuadas para ellos, enfatizó la responsabilidad del gobierno y la sociedad toda ante los ciudadanos aquejados de esos trastornos y propuso a la cura psíquica como un tratamiento esencial, tanto para las enfermedades mentales como para las somáticas, en un plano equivalente a los tratamientos farmacológicos y a la cirugía.

  6. Calvin, Augustine of Hippo and South Africa: in discussion with Johannes van Oort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. Hofmeyr

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article the curtain is raised on the interesting and fascinating relation between Augustine of Hippo and John Cal- vin from Geneva, as seen through the eyes of the Dutch scholar Johannes van Oort. The influences of and links between Augustine and Calvin are immense. This has been the focus of various studies in the past. The purpose of this article is, however, not to re-invent the wheel about these relations, but rather to reflect on one of the most eminent scholars on Augustine, i.e. Van Oort’s vision on these links and to enter into a dialogue with him so as to shed some new light on this topic and on some aspects related to ecclesiology. After attention to the use of Augustine by Calvin, the focus is on the discussion with Van Oort and eventually on the relevance of this for us in South(ern Africa. It is concluded that in this era of post- modernism and relativism as well much can be learnt from both Augustine and Calvin, and especially with regard to the well- being of the church.

  7. Idols of the psychologist: Johannes Linschoten and the demise of phenomenological psychology in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hezewijk, René; Stam, Henderikus J

    2008-08-01

    Before and after World War II, a loose movement within Dutch psychology solidified as a nascent phenomenological psychology. Dutch phenomenological psychologists attempted to generate an understanding of psychology that was based on Husserlian interpretations of phenomenological philosophy. This movement came to a halt in the 1960s, even though it had been exported to North America and elsewhere as "phenomenological psychology." Frequently referred to as the "Utrecht school," most of the activity of the group was centered at Utrecht University. In this article, the authors examine the role played by Johannes Linschoten in both aspects of the development of a phenomenological psychology: its rise in North America and Europe, and its institutional demise. By the time of his early death in 1964, Linschoten had cast considerable doubt on the possibilities of a purely phenomenological psychology. Nonetheless, his own empirical work, especially his 1956 dissertation published in German, can be seen to be a form of empiricism inspired by phenomenology but that clearly distanced itself from the more elitist and esoteric aspects of Dutch phenomenological psychology.

  8. Mortimer Frank, Johann Ludwig Choulant, and the history of anatomical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feibel, Robert M

    2018-01-01

    Mortimer Frank (1874-1919) was an ophthalmologist in Chicago, Illinois. He published a number of papers on the history of medicine, and was secretary of the Chicago Society of the History of Medicine and editor of their Bulletin. His major contribution to the history of medicine relates to the history of anatomical illustration. The classic book on that subject had been published in 1852 in German by the physician and historian, Johann Ludwig Choulant (1791-1861). However, by Frank's time this text was both out dated and out of print. Frank took on the tremendous project of translating Choulant's German text into English as History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration in Its Relation to Anatomic Science and The Graphic Arts. He improved Choulant's text with the results of his and other scholars' research, greatly enlarging the text. Frank supplemented the original book with a biography of Choulant, essays on anatomists not considered in the original text, and an essay on the history of anatomical illustration prior to those authors discussed by Choulant. This book, now referred to as Choulant/Frank, has been reprinted several times, and is still useful as a reference in this field, though some of its research is now dated.

  9. Johann Wilhelm Hittorf and the material culture of nineteenth-century gas discharge research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Falk

    2011-06-01

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, gas discharge research was transformed from a playful and fragmented field into a new branch of physical science and technology. From the 1850s onwards, several technical innovations-powerful high-voltage supplies, the enhancement of glass-blowing skills, or the introduction of mercury air-pumps- allowed for a major extension of experimental practices and expansion of the phenomenological field. Gas discharge tubes served as containers in which resources from various disciplinary contexts could be brought together; along with the experimental apparatus built around them the tubes developed into increasingly complex interfaces mediating between the human senses and the micro-world. The focus of the following paper will be on the physicist and chemist Johann Wilhelm Hittorf (1824-1914), his educational background and his attempts to understand gaseous conduction as a process of interaction between electrical energy and matter. Hittorf started a long-term project in gas discharge research in the early 1860s. In his research he tried to combine a morphological exploration of gas discharge phenomena-aiming at the experimental production of a coherent phenomenological manifold--with the definition and precise measurements of physical properties.

  10. [Ethics of medical management of inability to give birth. Johannes Stahelin and his plea for embryotomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahmland, I

    2001-01-01

    Confronted with the inability to give birth to a child, delivery could be achieved by embryotomy--that was only permitted, when the foetus was dead--or by Caesarean section--where the chance to save mother and child as well was merely theoretical until the end of the 19th century. In two statements of the Theological Faculty of the Sorbonne in Paris embryotomy was absolutely rejected (1648), in nearly all cases of impossible delivery the Caesarean section was required (1733). In 1749 Johannes Stähelin starts a daring attempt to justify embryotomy by application of natural law to the situation of critical childbirth. Keywords of the theological statements are confronted with categories of the natural law in a sophisticated way, nevertheless the basis of Christian confession is maintained. This argumentation in order to justify embryotomy as a lawful method to deliver a woman seemed to be more adequate to the medical sphere than claiming the Caesarean section. The ethical debate continued until the problem was solved by mastering Caesarean section.

  11. [Johann Sebastian Bach: life, oeuvre and his significance for the cardiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trappe, H-J

    2014-12-01

    Johann Sebastian Bach was born on 1685 in Eisenach. By the time he turned 10, Bach found himself an orphan after the death of both of his parents. After working in Weimar, Arnstadt, Mühlhausen, and Köthen Bach signed a contract to become the new organist and teacher at St. Thomas Church Leipzig in 1723 and stayed there until his death. In 1749, Bach tried to fix his failing sight by having surgery the following year, but the operation ended up leaving him completely blind. Few months later, Bach suffered a stroke. He died in Leipzig on July 28, 1750. In recent years, there were some questions whether music of different styles can directly alter cardiovascular parameters, particularly by using Bach's music. In some studies it has been shown that cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) are influenced by music. Listening to classic music (Bach) leads to positive erffects, also music by Italian composters. In contrast, "modern" music, vocal music or songs had no positive effects on cardiovascular parameters. In addition, positive effects on cardiovascular parameters and behavioural patters have been shown in an animal study recently, by Bach's music. Recent studies showed clearly that music influences cardiovascular parameters. It is obvious that classical music (Bach) has benefitial effects, both in humans and in animals. Therefore, the music of the "Thomaskantor" will improve both, quality of life and cardiovascular health. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. Alargando os lím ites: Johannes Kabatek na lingüística galega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xosé Luís Regueira

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article, a historiographical revision of the works by Johannes Kabatek is undertaken. The focus is the Galician language, a field in which he has published extensively and to which he continues to devote constant attention. Based on the analysis of the main themes and the methods employed, the lines of continuity followed by his research are highlighted in order to demonstrate that some of the fundamental concepts of his work as a researcher emerge from and are developed on the basis of his first studies addressing Galician. The study of the process of standardisation and internal variation in contemporary Galician has therefore led to further research on the internal dynamics of languages, contact between languages and between varieties, and above all on the importance of the role of speakers as agents of linguistic dynamics, and on how they bring into play their metalinguistic ideologies, judgements and evaluations. Kabatek´s work on Galician has contributed to his development of theoretical linguistics and to the refinement and clarification of sociolinguistic concepts. In this way, in addition to contributing to the development of Galician linguistics with innovative studies and methods, he has also made an important contribution to Romance sociolinguistics and general linguistics.

  13. "PULS." – ein Blog als Online-Magazin für Medizinstudierendeder Goethe-Universität Frankfurt ["PULS." – a Blog-based Online-Magazine for Students of Medicine of the Goethe University Frankfurt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nürnberger, Frank

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] In the context of nationwide protests 2009 also students of the faculty of medicine/dentistry at Goethe-University in Frankfurt demanded more transparency and communication. To satisfy these demands, a web 2.0-tool offered an innovative solution: A blog-based online-magazine for students and other faculty-members.The online-magazine „PULS.“ is realized with the share-ware blog-software (wordpress version 3.1.3 and is conceived and written by an online-journalist. „PULS.“ is available from .The articles are generated from own investigations and from ideas of different groups of the faculty– deanship, students and lecturers. A user-analysis is conducted with the open-source software Piwik and considers the data security. Additionally, every year an anonymous online-user-survey (Survey Monkey is conducted.“PULS.” is continuously online since 14.02.2010 and has published 806 articles (state: 27.11.2012 and has about 2400 readers monthly. The content focuses on the needs of Frankfurt medical students. The close cooperation with different groups of the faculty - deanship, students and lecturers - furthermore guarantees themes relevant to the academic faculty. “PULS.” flanks complex projects and decisions with background-information and communicates them understandable.The user-evaluation shows a growing number of readers and a high acceptance for the online-magazine, its themes and its style. The web 2.0-tool “Blog” and the web-specific language comply with media habits of the main target group, the students of the faculty medicine/dentistry.Thus, “PULS.” has proven as a suitable and strategic instrument. It pushes towards a higher transparency, more communication and a stronger identification of the students with their faculty.[german] Im Herbst 2009 forderten Studierende im Rahmen landesweiter Proteste auch am Fachbereich Medizin/Zahnmedizin der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt mehr Transparenz und Kommunikation zu

  14. The Influence of Johannes Fabian on Claude Lévi -Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Milenković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In his explicitly theoretical works, Johannes Fabian, one of the key intradisciplinary "affinities" of the author-founder of postmodern anthropology, constructed a specific view of Claude Lévi-Strauss's structuralism, which, as reinterpreted by critical anthropologists, was to fundamentally shape the history of anthropological post-structuralism. In order to explain that the constitution of the subject of research through research itself – i.e. "the invention of the subject of anthropology" – should be accorded the status of the crucial problem of anthropological methodology, Fabian imputed to Lévi-Strauss a rigid and amateurish preconception of research in the natural sciences as inherently positivist. The opposition structuralism/poststructuralism = positivism/postpositivism thus implied was to permanently reshape discussions on realism in critical anthropology, with absurd consequences. The most important of these was the supposedly "antirealist" character of postmodern anthropology, as a direct derivative of critical anthroplogy, which, being aware that reality is created by research, was now seen to play a somehow more ethical and less repressive part in knowledge/power games. The delight at the discovery of this methodological commonplace – that the subject of research is constituted by research itself – might have been but a matter of passing interest, being itself a common enough phenomenon, had not this particular intradisciplinary exchange led to the discrediting of the entire methodological package associated with structuralism. Paradoxically, the retaining of a realistic, radically antipositivist structural method would have made possible the achievement of the cultural-critical ambitions of postmodern anthropology's research program, had not the method been ineptly contaminated by this chain of activist reinterpretation which eventually frustrated the aims it had set out to accomplish.

  15. Johannes Amos Comenius (1592-1670) and his depiction of lenses and spectacles in the first children's picture book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goss, David A

    2009-01-01

    Johannes Amos Comenius (1592-1670) was a Moravian clergyman, teacher, and author. He is recognized as introducing several concepts of modern education. He advanced the views that education should be appropriate to age and development levels and that teaching should make use of everyday sensory experience. One of his many books, Orbis Pictus, followed those concepts. Orbis Pictus, first published in 1657, is hailed as the first children's picture book. Among the many commonplace objects he included in the book were a mirror, spectacles, a telescope, a magnifying lens, and a burning glass.

  16. La « vis comica » chez Goethe « Faust » et la comédie

    OpenAIRE

    Borchmeyer, Dieter

    2011-01-01

    Goethe a caractérisé son Faust, très clairement, comme une tragédie. Mais on peut à bon droit le définir aussi comme une comédie, en raison de son dépassement des règles de séparation des styles héritées de l’humanisme, comme une comédie dans laquelle, il est vrai, la tragédie s’affirme au plus haut point. Faust n’est pas moins Divina commedia que le poème de Dante. La figure de Mephisto revêt une importance particulière pour ce qui est du caractère comique de Faust, car elle s’inscrit dans l...

  17. Filosofía: morfología sin ley. Goethe y Wittgenstein sobre el límite de la ciencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Francisco Sánchez Osorio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present text exposes the influence of Goethe’s morphology on Wittgenstein’s concept of perspicuous representation. Through this process, it is demonstrated that Goethe and Wittgenstein, each in their manner, in different periods of time and in different working fields, made an effort to combat the univocal explication of science. Beside this similarity, a radical difference between these two authors is presented. In fact, even if both combat the causal manner of considering things, Goethe’s morphology is presented as a different form of carrying out science engaged, however, in the search of laws, whilst Wittgenstein’s practice of philosophy is totally unconnected to any search of laws.

  18. KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida : Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    Lisa Schmidt, KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida. Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Hel­dén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg. (CR’PT. Contemporary Poetry and Derrida: Traces and Scarring in the Poetry of Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen and Anna Hallberg.) Through the analyses of three contemporary Nordic poets whose work challenges the boun­daries of literature and even the laws of grammar, I draw attention to the term linguistic materialism. I also sketch an historical line between t...

  19. The treasure trove of yeast genera and species described by Johannes van der Walt (1925-2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Maudy Th; Groenewald, Marizeth

    2012-12-01

    Yeast taxonomy and systematics have in recent years been dealt with intensively primarily by a small group of individual researchers with particular expertise. Amongst these was Johannes P. van der Walt, who had a major role in shaping our current understanding of yeast biodiversity and taxonomy. Van der Walt based his taxonomic studies not only on available cultures, but also by going into the field to isolate yeasts from various substrates. This pioneering work led to the discovery of many new genera and species, which were deposited in the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS) collections for future studies in taxonomy, genomics, and industrial uses. These treasures collected during more than 60 years provide an outstanding legacy to the yeast community and will continue to exist in his absence. This contribution provides a comprehensive overview of the current nomenclatural and taxonomic status of the yeast genera and species introduced by van der Walt during his career.

  20. Goethe, Steiner e o nascimento da arte de curar antroposófica no início do século xx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madel T. Luz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os principais elementos do pensamento científico goetheano presentes no corpus teórico da racionalidade médica antroposófica, recentemente pesquisada por Luz e colaboradores. O método científico de Goethe é apresentado pela identificação dos fenômenos primordiais, Ürphanomen, constitutivos da essência das manifestações empíricas da natureza. Propõe‑se a superação da dicotomia entre ideia e experiência, indicando‑se que toda cisão no fenômeno é uma artificialidade portadora de obstáculos à plena compreensão da natureza. A medicina antroposófica apresenta como traço fundamental de sua cosmovisão padrões constitutivos da realidade. As chaves interpretativas desses padrões são analisadas como fenômenos primordiais, nos moldes goetheanos, de macrocosmo (universo e microcosmo (ser humano, que entram em estados dinâmicos de harmonia (saúde ou desarmonia (doença.

  1. [Fatal diseases and "imaginary" suffering. "Hypochondria" and "consumption" in the correspondence between Jean Paul and Johann Bernhard Hermann, with a perspective on Jean Paul's literature and aesthetics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Monika

    2007-01-01

    The German writerJean Paul (Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1763-1825) and his friendJohann Bernhard Hermann (1761-1790) became acquainted with the thoughts of late Enlightenment at the University of Leipzig. They particularly appreciated the anthropology of Ernst Platner, who taught philosophy and aesthetics as well as medicine. Their confidential correspondence contains reflections on their respective situation and well being. Both write about feeling ill and label their illness "hypochondria". In the course of the correspondence Jean Paul's understanding of hypochondria evolves from an illness of the entrails as he follows Hermann, who supports the modern concept of hypochondria as an illness of the nerves. Two important themes from this correspondence recur in Jean Paul's novels and tales: firstly, his way of expressing comfort is related to his aesthetics, and secondly, the satirical way of portraying at least certain aspects of illness as imaginary reappears in his first successful novel "The Invisible Lodge" (1793).

  2. Teorías de la luz y el color en la época de las Luces. De Newton a Goethe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pimentel, Juan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article opens with a review of Isaac Newton’s theory of light, focusing on the controversial character of his crucial experiment. It then proceeds to examine certain aspects of his legacy in a century that was perhaps more Newtonian than his own optics. We analyse some of the metaphors connected with light and the symbolic role of light as the metaphor for knowledge. The article concludes with Goethe’s colour theory, his challenge to Newtonian theory, and his reinstatement of human beings and the history of science in order to achieve a better understanding not only of light, the eye and chromatic phenomena, but also of scientific activity as a whole.En este artículo comenzamos por revisar la teoría de la luz de Isaac Newton, centrándonos en el carácter controvertido del experimento crucial. Después nos detenemos en algunos aspectos de su legado en un siglo quizás más newtoniano que su propia óptica, analizando algunas metáforas bajo las que fue entendida la luz, así como el papel simbólico de la luz, metáfora del conocimiento por excelencia. Finalmente repasamos la teoría de los colores de Goethe, su impugnación de la óptica newtoniana y su empeño en recuperar al ser humano y la historia de la ciencia para entender mejor no sólo qué son la luz, el ojo o los fenómenos cromáticos, sino la actividad científica en su conjunto.

  3. Tendências climáticas e produção de uva na região dos Vales da Uva Goethe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro José Back

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar tendências nas séries climáticas e nos índices agroclimáticos para o cultivo da videira na região dos Vales da Uva Goethe, em Santa Catarina. A região apresenta clima mesotérmico úmido. Foram utilizados dados de temperatura máxima e mínima do ar, do período de 1924 a 2010, e de precipitação pluvial, de 1955 a 2010. O teste de Mann‑Kendall foi utilizado para avaliar a tendência nas séries, cuja magnitude foi estimada pela declividade mediana determinada pelo teste de Theil-Sen. Foi observada tendência de aumento nas séries de temperatura mínima do ar, em escala anual, bem como nas estações do ano. Quanto à temperatura máxima, somente houve tendência de aumento na série de verão. Em relação aos índices agrometeorológicos, foi observada tendência de diminuição do número de geadas, diminuição do período entre a brotação e a colheita, aumento da soma térmica e dos índices de Huglin e de frio. Foram evidenciadas tendências de aumento da precipitação pluvial total anual e da precipitação no período de crescimento da videira, bem como aumento do número de dias, com chuva igual ou superior a 20 mm, e aumento na temperatura mínima e noturna.

  4. Die stil van my verlange na God: Oor Johann Wilhelm Herrmann se verstaan van die ervaring van God (Deel II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. P. Veldsman

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available Quenching my thirst for God: On Johann Wilhelm Herrmann�s understanding of the experience of God (Part II This article, which is divided into two parts, focusses on the concept of the �experience of God� as understood by the German systematic theologian Wilhelm Herrmann (1846 - 1922 of Marburg in his �Der Verkehr des Christen mit Gott� (1886. The first part of the article which was published in the previous edition, explained the historical and theological context of Herrmann�s �Der Verkehr...� as well as the theological frontiers over-against which he responded in his understanding of the experience of God, characterized as a �searchfind-experience�. This second part elaborates on this �search-find-experience� by humans of God as understood by Herrmann, and indicates the influence it had on Herrmann�s two greatest pupils, namely Karl Barth and Rudolf Bultmann. It is argued that Herrmann�s understanding of the experience of God makes up the kernel of their theological vantage points, and in this respect, is critically evaluated.

  5. L’Hôpital's Analyse des infiniments petits an annotated translation with source material by Johann Bernoulli

    CERN Document Server

    Bradley, Robert E; Sandifer, C Edward

    2015-01-01

    This monograph is an annotated translation of what is considered to be the world’s first calculus textbook, originally published in French in 1696. That anonymously published textbook on differential calculus was based on lectures given to the Marquis de l’Hôpital in 1691-2 by the great Swiss mathematician, Johann Bernoulli. In the 1920s, a copy of Bernoulli’s lecture notes was discovered in a library in Basel, which presented the opportunity to compare Bernoulli’s notes, in Latin, to l’Hôpital’s text in French. The similarities are remarkable, but there is also much in l’Hôpital’s book that is original and innovative. This book offers the first English translation of Bernoulli's notes, along with the first faithful English translation of l’Hôpital’s text, complete with annotations and commentary. Additionally, a significant portion of the correspondence between l’Hôpital and Bernoulli has been included, also for the fi rst time in English translation. This translation will provide ...

  6. [Johann Misch Astrophilus' book "Medicina Pauperum" in Hungarian. Copy of a lost or hidden book from 1660].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, István; Tavaszy, Mariann; Kiss, Gergely

    2011-07-03

    Doctors and pharmacies in the 15th Century only used handwritten copies of the prescription collections available in their time. At the beginning of book printing the publishing of prescription collections immediately became popular. They could be found on the pages of medical and pharmaceutical books of many various editions with different structure and origin, as the forerunner of the official pharmacopoeias. From the 16th Century onwards books with the title "Medicina Pauperum" were published which helped the educated people to tend to themselves, the household, the servants and their immediate surroundings case of an illness. The first work specifically on the topic or of genre of the "Medicina Pauperum" according to our knowledge appeared in Hungarian in the year 1660 and currently seems to survived only in fragments under the title of "Medicina Pauperum", from an unknown author. A rare incident occurred in the present days as a "book" believed to be lost for us turned up from thin air. It is a "copied" manuscript in the size of 97×139 mm attached to the ribs with hemp cord, cropped around and in an unbound state. The book known before only in fractions is now available entirety handwritten on 318 pages, distributed to seven distinct parts. The research of its origin suggests that the author lived and worked in Nagyszombat and was called Johann Misch Astrophilus. The identification of the printing office was possible thanks to the examination of the initials and the gaudily, as well as the fonts and the watermark. By these results the printing very likely occurred in the Brewer Printing Press in Lőcse. For the possibility of more extensive research and value preservation the manuscript was bounded. The facsimile edition contains the magnified and digitalized pages of the original one and is published in numbered issues.

  7. "A new lachrymal gland with an excretory duct in red and fallow deer" by Johann jacob Harder (1694): English translation and historical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillenius, Willem J; Phillips, Darryl A; Rehorek, Susan J

    2007-01-01

    The Harderian gland is an enigmatic orbital gland that has been described for many tetrapods, although a consistent definition of this structure has remained elusive. In particular, an unambiguous distinction between the Harderian gland and the nictitans gland, which may both occur in the anterior aspect of the orbit of mammals, remains problematic. These glands were first distinguished in 1694 by Johann Jacob Harder, a Swiss physician and anatomist. To facilitate a renewed examination of the anatomical and developmental relationships of the anterior orbital glands, we review the historical context of Harder's discovery, and provide Harder's original Latin text as well as an English translation.

  8. Mõningaid tähelepanekuid Johannes Aaviku kirjanduslikust prantsuse-orientatsioonist ja tõlketegevuse spetsiifikast. Some Observations concerning Johannes Aavik’s French Orientation in Literature, and the Specificity of his Translation Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaia Sisask

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Aavik’s personal preferences in the area of French literature include several authors considered to be passé from today’s perspective: Paul Bourget, Ernest Renan, Sully Prudhomme, Joris Karl Huysmans. Though stylistic virtuosity always remains an important literary criterion for him, it is not until later in his career that Aavik turns toward more mainstream, distinguished French literature. Although in his theoretical speeches on the topic of symbolism or decadence, he seems more interested in form than in content, as a translator of poetry (the ”bouquet” of French poetry in the third Young Estonia album, he is to be commended for his great precision in matters of detail. However, even when translating Aavik often omits what he considers less important; rhymes often turn out cumbersome; likewise the musical qualities of symbolist poetry often remain in the background. Aavik’s translations of Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories have received considerable attention in the research literature. Nevertheless, knowing the predominant ”French orientation” of the Young Estonians, one should consider the mediation of their interest in Poe by Baudelaire, the first translator of Poe into French. Aavik’s command of the English language was never strong, and he admitted to Friedebert Tuglas that he compared his own translation with German and French translations. Indeed, it is evident that many sentences from Aavik’s translation of The Oval Portrait and The Cask of Amontillado more closely resemble Baudelaire’s translation than Poe’s original. These observations notwithstanding, I am reluctant to claim that Aavik was engaging in ”indirect translation”: rather, he was using Baudelaire to check himself, while often crossing and transcending what might be considered the ”proper boundaries” of translating from the original language. Even though there are contradictions in Aavik’s translation activities and theoretical

  9. Heinrich Stahli ja Johannes Gutslaffi Uue Testamendi tõlke kõrvutus / An Attempt at the Comparison of the Translations of the New Testament by Heinrich Stahl und Johannes Gutslaff

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    Kristiina Ross

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to compare two 17th century translations of the New Testament: the translation by Heinrich Stahl (1638 and the translation by Johannes Gutslaff (1641–1656. Relying on the model of description presented by Torop (1989 and Torop and Osimo (2010, the translations are described by three aspects (1 linguistic, (2 functional, (3 that of the translator`s position within three different time perspectives: achronic, synchronic and diachronic. Within the achronic perspective, the two translations seem to be quite different in all three aspects. In the case of Stahl´s translation, the original text was Luther´s German translation and the target language was the North-Estonian vernacular. Different parts of the Bible had probably been translated by different persons and Stahl collected them, publishing them in a volume of his church manual. Gutslaff, on the other hand, translated the text himself using the original Greek version. His target language was the South-Estonian vernacular but his work was never published. Within the diachronic perspective, the differences disappear and the two translations seem to be quite similar. From today`s point of view both tr anslations are linguistically archaic and have no functional value except as object s of scientific research. Synchronic description is the most complicated one. The article tries to put to the test the possibilities of describing old translations from the point of view of their translation method. Very few examples of the Estonian language of the 17th century have been preserved, most are translations from German written down by German pastors. In addition to that, researchers know almost nothing about the Estonian language spoken by native speaker s of the time. As a re sult of this, it is hard to evaluate the linguistic status of many constructions and idioms used by the translators. This in turn makes it difficult to evaluate the stylistic intentions of the translator

  10. How We Can Win the Long War: A New Interagency Approach to the GWOT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe states, “Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. Begin it now.” 17...Case for Strengthening the Department of State” 1 16 Schwarzkopf, Norman, “Famous Military Quotes”, 1 17 Goethe , Johan Wolfgang Van, Famous

  11. Razón anamnética, sufrimiento ajeno y teodicea: Claves de lectura, logros y límites de la obra de Johann Baptist Metz

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    Matías Omar Ruz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo ofrece, por una parte, un panorama genético-sistemático del conjunto de la obra de Johann Baptist Metz, por otra, brinda, mediante una mirada los más atenta posible a gran parte de su bibliografía personal y a algunos de los principales trabajos internacionales hoy existentes sobre el teólogo alemán, claves de lectura a partir del tratamiento de los principales conceptos del autor. El artículo concluye con un breve análisis de sus innegables logros y méritos y, especialmente, de sus múltiples limitaciones y preguntas abiertas, en particular las referidas a su cristología.The present article offers, on the one hand, a genetic-systematic panorama of the work of Johann Baptist Metz; it also offers some keys for reading from the analysis of the main concepts of the author, through a study of great part of its personal bibliography and of the main existing international works today on the Germán theologian. The article concludes with a brief analysis of its undeniable achievements and merits and, especially, of its limitations and open questions, particularly those concerned with his Christology.

  12. ["Dieu et cerveau, rien que Dieu et cerveau!" Johann Gottfried von Herder (1744-1803) and the neurosciences of this time].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahnisch, Frank

    2007-01-01

    The impact of Johann Gottfried von Herder on the broad spectrum of the history of ideas can hardly be estimated by separate categories derived from individual disciplines. It transcends the spheres of philosophy, theology, historiography and even medical anthropology--also because Herder, unlike many of his contemporary philosophers and hommes de lettres, was particularly interested in the neurophysiological and -anatomical investigations of his time. Herder's universal interest in human learning is reflected in numerous personal contacts to contemporary academic scholars and natural scientists, such as the Swiss theologian Johann Caspar Lavater, whose physiognomic doctrine mapped out a comprehensive research programme on character analysis, or the Mainz anatomist Samuel Thomas von Soemmering. Herder tightly received the latter's assumption about the interplay between the human soul and the anatomy of the brain. In this article, it shall be demonstrated that Herder's neurophilosophy was primarily influenced by a "pandynamic assumption of nature" and that it designated the brain centrally as a "working tool of God"--right between the human faculties of rationality, feeling and bodily development. The attractiveness of this concept to both basic brain research and clinical neurology was a result of his anthropological approach which combined latest developments in the natural sciences with a central perspective on the human sciences.

  13. As Indicações Geográficas Como Estratégia Para Fortalecer o Território – O Caso da Indicação de Procedência dos Vales da Uva Goethe

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    Adriana Carvalho Pinto Vieira

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Geographic Indications can be understood, from the economic point of view, as an strategy to aggregate value to products or services that have their own characteristics related to the territory in which are inserted, and so, fortify the territorial development. This institute is divided in origin indication and origin denomination. The first one indicates that products or services come from a particular place, of which principal elements to its characterization are the men action and the know how to do. The second detaches that, besides the human prodution elements, requires the product be characterized for the nature elements, like relief, climate and ground. This institute also drives to protect the products, the producers and mainly guarantee the quality and the information to the consumers. The analysis of the present article is characterized as qualitative and descriptive and as for the investigation means is classified as bibliographic. The bibliographic research was performed like a investigation mean in secondary sources. It sought verify how the GI’s institute can promote the territorial development, identifying strong points and economic vocations that can make the region become more competitive as from the analysis of the OI experience of Goethe Grape Valley, in the Urussanga’s region – SC. The study demonstrated that the GIs can be a real territorial development catalyst. In the OI’s experience of the Goethe Grape Valley was observed important advantages, mainly economics, after the recognition, like sales increase and acces to new markets. Besides, complementary activities were identified like wine tourism and local identity preservation.

  14. Johann Lodewyk Marais

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    story of the earth”, betrek die tema van nar- ratologie, waarby die digter as narratoloog aansluit. Die openingsgedig wys op 'n dubbe- le proses van stem gee: aan die een kant die stem van die digter wat die bloute wil ver- woord, maar by implikasie ook die stem van die see self (in die skulp)—'n verwysing na die gebruik ...

  15. Eraeluline kunst / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    1998-01-01

    Briti ja eesti kunstnike ühisnäitus "Private views" Rotermanni soolalaos. Eestit esindavad Mari Koort, Anu Juurak, Annika Tonts, Kiwa, Ene-Liis Semper, Inglismaad Pam Skelton. Naiste näitus naiseks olemise vaevadest. Kuraatorid Mare Tralla ja Pam Skelton. Ilmunud ka kogumikus "Päevast päeva", lk.141-143

  16. Intro / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Kolmest projektist Tallinna Kunstihoones: 8.04.-28.05. 2006 avatud Elin Kardi, Marko Mäetamme, Marco Laimre ja Andres Tali Ühisnäitusest "Vägivald ja propaganda", selle raames 26.04.-09.05. avatud Emergency Biennale'ist, rahvusvahelisest rändnäitusest Tšetšeenia toetuseks (Tallinnas ühinesid biennaaliga Jüri Ojaver, Neeme Külm, Marco Laimre, Marko Mäetamm), 27.04. toimunud Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse 4. ettekannete päevast "Kunstnike moraalsed valikud kultuurikonfliktides" sarjast "Lisandusi eesti kunstiloole"

  17. Johannes Kepler on Christmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2009-12-01

    Kepler's interpretation of the supernova of 1604, De Stella Nova, interwove the science of astronomy with astrology and theology in an attempt to determine the correct birthdate of Jesus, explains Martin Kemp.

  18. Johann de Lange

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    In hierdie elfde bundel van De Lange bevestig hy sy verdiende en gekanoniseerde posisie in die Afrikaanse dig- kuns, in besonder vanweë 'n volgehoue sig- baarmaking van verhoudinge tussen mens en kosmos; mens en medemens; besit en ver- lies; broosheid/verganklikheid/verwonding teenoor herstel en heelmaking.

  19. Moskva maskid / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    14. Venemaa riiklikust teatrifestivalist "Kuldne mask" 27. märtsist 15. aprillini Moskvas. Pikemalt auhinnatud töödest: Lev Dodini "Elu ja saatus" (Peterburi Väike Draamateater), Mindaugas Karbauskise "Lugu õnnelikust Moskvast" (Tabakovi teater Moskvas), Dmitri Krõmovi "Deemon. Vaade ülalt" (Draamakunsti kool Moskvas). Samuti ka Andrii Zholdaki lavastusest "Carmen. Exodus" ja Dmitri Krõmovi lavastusest "Lehm"

  20. Johann Sebastian Bach en zijn musici in de beide hoofdkerken te Leipzig : Een onderzoek naar hun rol, inzet en opstelling in het algemeen en naar de continuogroep en de daarin participerende instrumenten in het bijzonder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijma, R.J.

    2017-01-01

    The study is devoted to Johann Sebastian Bach and his musicians in Leipzig’s two main churches, and to the question to which extent current opinions in musicology regarding historically-informed practice are actually correct. The core of Bach’s first Sunday choir in Leipzig consisted of the eight

  1. [Criminal process record Winckelmann (Triest, 1768). Comments on the criminal process dealing with the murder of Johann Joachim Winckelmann from the forensic historical and legal medicine viewpoint].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risse, M; Weiler, G

    2001-01-01

    Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German historian of ancient art and archaeologist, was born on 9 December 1717 in Stendal, a town in Saxony-Anhalt. At the age of 50 he was murdered on 8 June 1768 in a Trieste hotel. The voluminous original record of the criminal proceedings against his murderer, Francesco Arcangeli, was presumed lost for about 150 years. A new edition in the wording of the original text appeared in 1964. This long sought historical document gives cause for forensic-historical reflections under consideration of the autopsy protocol about Winckelmann, which is likewise a historical document. A considerable change of paradigm in comparison to current autopsy protocols is observed with regard to the evaluation of injuries and the circumstances of death.

  2. O processo de digitação para violão da Ciaccona BWV 1004 de Johann Sebastian Bach

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    Alisson Alípio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with the process of elaborating guitar fingerings for Johann Sebastian Bach’s Ciaccona BWV 1004 (original for violin. The aim was to develop a left-hand fingering capable of reflecting the musical intentions of the performers and authors of this article. To this end, a model of analysis was established, in which the musical texture is divided and classified, based on a set of theoretical parameters (melodic, harmonic, motivic and polyphonic. By analyzing the fingerings used in transcriptions from guitarists Andrés Segovia, Abel Carlevaro, Kazuhito Yamashita and Stanley Yates, and comparing them with our own suggestions, we conclude that the performer has autonomy to challenge a fingering provided by the editor, as it reflects only the musical or technical decisions from a specific performer, and these decisions are also subjected to change.

  3. Thailand in the Face of the 1997 Asian Crisis and the Current Financial Crisis: An Interview With Johannes Dragsbæk Schmidt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Scharinger

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Dragsbæk Schmidt studied International Relations and Development Studies at Aalborg University, Denmark. Since 1993, he has been Associate Professor in the Department of History, International and Social Studies. Prof Dragsbæk Schmidt has held visiting research fellowships in Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Poland, and was a Visiting Professor at the Institute for Political Economy, Carleton University, Canada in 2009. Additionally he has been a consultant to UNESCO, the World Bank and the Irish Development Agency. Prof Dragsbæk Schmidt has a broad spectrum of research interests, varying from globalisation and international division of labour via refugees and human rights to social and welfare policy and state regulations with a focus on East and South-East Asia. / The interview was conducted by e-mail on 3 April, 27 April and 4 May 2010.

  4. ["Purified empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) attempts at a foundation of medicine in relation to its tradition, kantianism, and speculative philosophy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinmann, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) importance lies in his theoretical approach to medicine. Following Kant in his early work, he attempts to combine medical experience with an underlying conceptual structure. This attempt is directed against both the chaotic empiricism of traditional medicine and speculative theories such as vitalism. The paper starts from his early reflections on the concept of a life force, which he interprets in the way of a non-reductive materialism. In the following, the basic outlines of his Theory of Fever will be shown. The Theory is a systematic attempt at finding a new foundation for diagnosis and therapy on the basis of the concept of fever, which is understood as modification of vital processes. The paper ends with a discussion of his later work, which has remained controversial so far. It shows that the combination of practical empiricism and scientific theory remained rather unstable in this early phase of the development of modern medicine.

  5. Johannes Ludwig Janson, professor of veterinary medicine in Tokyo in 1880-1902 - contribution to German-Japanese medical relations, part IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    Among the German pioneers of Western medicine in Japan (8, 12) during the Meiji period (1868-1912), veterinary officer Johannes Ludwig Janson (1849-1914) was one of the most important figures. He arrived in Tokyo in October 1880 and taught at the Veterinary School in Komaba. During his tenure, the school in Komaba was integrated into the School of Agriculture of the Imperial University of Tokyo. Numerous of his graduates occupied high public offices. Among his publications, those about domestic animals and veterinary medicine in Japan deserve special attention. He married a Japanese girl and continued teaching in Komaba until 1902. He found his last resting place in Kagoshima, the native place of his wife. To this day, the Japanese consider Janson the founder of modern veterinary medicine in their country.

  6. ‘Wie het die geheim verklap?’ – Seksuele identiteit in Johann Nell se plaasroman Sondag op ’n voëlplaas (2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanita Erasmus-Alt

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available ‘Who let out the secret?’ – Sexual identity in Johann Nell’s farm novel Sondag op ’n voëlplaas [Sunday on a bird farm] (2013. The statement of the narrator in Johann Nell’s farm novel Sondag op ’n voëlplaas (2013 about his self-quest amongst ‘wild, fierce and erect ostrich necks’ (pp. 244–245, alludes to his doubts about his sexual identity. The apparent latent homosexual is strengthened by the epigraph, a direct translation of an excerpt from Calaf’s aria ‘Nessun Dorma’ from Puccini’s opera Turandot. In the traditional Afrikaans farm novel, the narrator is usually a third-person (auctorial narrator. The use of a first-person narrator in Nell’s novel emphasises his deviation from the (stereotypical traits and attributes of the traditional farm novel. The subjectivity inherent to the firstperson narration (the I-as-protagonist implies that what is represented in this novel is the main character’s version of reality and his response to, especially, the farm as bastion of masculinity and traditional socio-political beliefs. Based on the above, this article takes as its point of departure the hypothetical assumption that the epigraph has an important part to play in the interpretation of the secret in that the implied or abstract author, by means of a parodying perspective, highlights a specific vision regarding the thematic significance. The epigraph not only reinforces the idea of a lack of identity and the idea that the ‘true’ identity could perhaps be a homosexual disposition, but also that it is simultaneously an etiological journey to the original opera libretto. In its turn, the libretto can be traced back to the Greek myth of Oedipus and the sphinx. By both discussing the intertexts and analysing the narrator’s language usage, his disposition and his tale of the (traumatised self, his sexual identity is scrutinised.

  7. Z historie českého znakového jazyka — Johann Mücke a první slovníček znaků (1834 : From the History of the Czech Sign Language — Johann Mücke and the First Dictionary of Signs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Okrouhlíková

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of the use of Czech Sign Language was closely associated with the establishment of the first Institute for the Deaf and Dumb in Prague in 1786. Probably the oldest and also the most extensive source of sign is the book published in 1834, Unterrichte der Taubstummen in der Lautsprache nebst einigen Bemerkungen über die Geberdenzeichen der Taubstummen by director Johann Mücke (1770–1840, which contains a dictionary with the verbal description of 261 signs, divided in to the thematic groups Food and Drink, Clothing and Associated Objects, Household Fittings and Furniture, Writing Requisites and Toys, Miscellaneous frequent subjects, Animals, People, Verbs. Thanks to the preserved data of the period we can look at current signs from the diachronic perspective, identify their original motivation and trace their origin.

  8. [Medicine, music, friendship and prejudices: Billroth I and Billroth II, the string quartets Opus 51, N° 1 and N° 2 by Johannes Brahms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabello, Felipe C

    2012-06-01

    The great German surgeon Theodor Billroth and the imaginative and creative composer Johannes Brahms had a very close friendship centered on musical activities, that lasted for more than thirty years while they lived and worked in Zurich and Vienna, during the second half of the Nineteenth Century. Billroth, besides his all-consuming medical activities, had time to be a musical enthusiast who directed orchestras, played the violin in chamber music groups, and wrote musical criticism for newspapers. The common affection between these two creative giants is documented by their abundant and effusive correspondence, by the constant requests by Brahms of Billroth's opinions regarding his compositions, and by the positive and stimulating answers that Billroth gave to these requests. Billroth opened his house for musical evenings to play Brahms chamber compositions for the first time, and Brahms dedicated his two Opus 51 string quartets Nos. 1 and 2, known in the musical milieu as Billroth I and II, to his physician friend. Unfortunately, the close bonds between these two geniuses weakened towards the end of their lives as a result of Billroth's becoming intolerant to the lack of social refinements and gruff behavior of the composer. This baffling intolerance of Billroth to his friend Brahms can be better understood after reading Billroth's writings in his book The Medical Sciences in the German Universities. A Study in the History of Civilization. There Billroth expresses strong prejudices against potential medical students of humble social origins, such as those of Brahms, coupled to a primitive anti-Semitism.

  9. ["adeste omnes Logicae et Mathematicae Musae". Johannes Broscius's Apology of Aristotle and Euclid (1652) and the issue of anti-Ramism at the Academy of Cracow].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choptiany, Michał

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses a largely overlooked aspect of the last work by Johannes Broscius (1585 - 1652), his Apologia pro Aristotele et Euclide contra Petrum Ramum et alios of 1652. While the past researchers focused their attention on the evaluation of Broscius's contribution to mathematics, geometry in particular, they ignored the socio-scientific aspect of his work, that is the way Peter Ramus and his followers have been presented and how did the dark legend of Ramus have been thus revived at the Central-European university in the middle of 17th century. I am showing types of rhetorical arguments employed by Broscius and analyse the way he portrayed Ramus and depicted events related to the reception of Ramism at the Academy of Cracow. The article is followed by an appendix which contains a critical edition of excerpts from the manuscript rough draft of Apologia which has been preserved until nowadays (Jagiellonian Library MS. 3205 I). In the apparatus I identify the references and show how Broscius rewrote and rearranged the original paragraphs of his anti-Ramist work.

  10. Vers le Sud : le voyage de Johann Georg von Dillis à travers la France, la Suisse et l'Italie en 1806

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josenhans, Frauke

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Southern France, and Provence in particular, started to lure painters as early as in the 18th century, first and foremost French ones, and then increasingly foreign painters, notably the German landscapist Johann Georg von Dillis. In 1806, he undertook a journey in the South of France in the company of the Bavarian crown prince, the future Ludwig I. Dillis' journey is known from two different sources: a group of drawings known as the Voyage pittoresque dans le Midi de la France dessiné par Dillis (Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich and his unpublished correspondence with his brother Ignaz Dillis. The drawings, which were ordered by the prince as a visual souvenir of his tour, reflect Ludwig's interest in Roman Antiquity and thus include numerous views of ancient monuments, such as the Maison Carrée in Nîmes, the arc de triomphe in Orange and the ruins in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. Apart from this group there is another body of drawings, which Dillis also made during the journey, but that he chose not to include in the Voyage pittoresque. These sheets attest to the draughtsman's attentiveness and sensibility for nature more obviously than the commissioned drawings. An official commission, the Voyage pittoresque is an exceptional artistic testimony of travel in the early 19th century. It shows that Provence became attractive for artists earlier than was previously thought.

  11. ‘Dvořák’s Pupil Johannes Wilde (1891–1970’ originally published in umění LX (2012, 101-8

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    Ingrid Ciulisová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is concerned with Max Dvořak’s pupil Johannes Wilde (1891-1970, who remains well-known as an illustrious scholar of Italian Renaissance Art. Wilde studied art history in Budapest, Freiburg im Breisgau, and Vienna. He completed his studies with Max Dvořák in 1918. In 1923 Wilde joined the staff of the Kunsthistorisches Museum. Daily contact with original works of art offered him the opportunity to study fundamental problems related to artistic materials and techniques. It should be noted that he was among the first to recognise the potential of X-radiography for connoisseurship. After the Nazi Annexation of Austria in 1938, Wilde and his wife, art historian Julia Gyarfás, left the country. In London he was able to study the collection of Michelangelo drawings at the British Museum and the catalogue he published in 1953 is one of his greatest scholarly achievements. Like Dvořák, Wilde was also an influential teacher and mentor. He taught generations of Courtauld students, including John Shearman, Michael Hirst, John White, Andrew Martindale, and Michael Kitson, all of whom became influential teachers and scholars. Through Wilde the legacy of Max Dvořák and Julius von Schlosser was transmuted into its own distinctive mode which came to be widely and internationally recognized.

  12. Where Do Dead Books Go? The Problem of the Soviet Canon Today, on the Example of Johannes Becher's Work in Estonian

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    Katre Talviste

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the conception and editing process of an anthology of Johannes Becher’s poems (Unistades täiusest, 1962 in Estonian, and discusses its status in the Soviet and contemporary literary canon. The work on the Becher anthology was led by an already outstanding literary scholar Nigol Andresen and a young poet and translator Ain Kaalep, who later became one of the most prolific and wellknown poetry translators in Estonia. An important part was also played by another poet-translator, August Sang, who already had achieved such a standing in the Estonian literary field. Several other translators contributed to the anthology, making it a common project for intellectuals otherwise very differently positioned vis-à-vis the Soviet political authorities and cultural agendas. Becher’s work was strongly promoted by these instances, but his poetry was also read with genuine enthusiasm by the main contributors to the anthology (whose own poetry has certain parallels to some aspects of Becher’s, as well as the general public, at that time. After the fall of the Soviet regime it has been forgotten, mostly for the same contextual reasons that once granted its success. The case of his poetry in Estonian explores the question of this new invisibility of now politically irrelevant, but still voluminous and aesthetically intriguing literary works in the post-Soviet canon.

  13. Background radiation in inelastic X-ray scattering and X-ray emission spectroscopy. A study for Johann-type spectrometers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes Mellone, O. A.; Bianco, L. M.; Ceppi, S. A.; Goncalves Honnicke, M.; Stutz, G. E.

    2018-06-01

    A study of the background radiation in inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) and X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) based on an analytical model is presented. The calculation model considers spurious radiation originated from elastic and inelastic scattering processes along the beam paths of a Johann-type spectrometer. The dependence of the background radiation intensity on the medium of the beam paths (air and helium), analysed energy and radius of the Rowland circle was studied. The present study shows that both for IXS and XES experiments the background radiation is dominated by spurious radiation owing to scattering processes along the sample-analyser beam path. For IXS experiments the spectral distribution of the main component of the background radiation shows a weak linear dependence on the energy for the most cases. In the case of XES, a strong non-linear behaviour of the background radiation intensity was predicted for energy analysis very close to the backdiffraction condition, with a rapid increase in intensity as the analyser Bragg angle approaches π / 2. The contribution of the analyser-detector beam path is significantly weaker and resembles the spectral distribution of the measured spectra. Present results show that for usual experimental conditions no appreciable structures are introduced by the background radiation into the measured spectra, both in IXS and XES experiments. The usefulness of properly calculating the background profile is demonstrated in a background subtraction procedure for a real experimental situation. The calculation model was able to simulate with high accuracy the energy dependence of the background radiation intensity measured in a particular XES experiment with air beam paths.

  14. EL DERECHO A LA AUTOCONSERVACIÓN EN LA EXISTENCIA EN LA FILOSOFÍA DEL DERECHO DE JOHANN G. FICHTE Y EN LA ÉTICA DE HERMANN COHEN

    OpenAIRE

    Arrese Igor, Héctor Oscar

    2009-01-01

    En este trabajo buscamos explorar relaciones conceptuales relevantes entre la idea de un derecho de los ciudadanos a la existencia en la ética de H. Cohen, y la teoría del derecho de Johann G. Fichte, en relación con la hipótesis de M. Heidegger y H. G. Gadamer acerca de una influencia fichteana sobre el neokantismo de Marburg. In this paper we intend to explore relevant conceptual relationships between the idea of a citizen's right to existence in H. Cohen's ethics and J. G. Fichte's theo...

  15. The sin in the aetiological concept of Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843). Part 1: Between theology and psychiatry. Heinroth's concepts of 'whose being', 'freedom', 'reason' and 'disturbance of the soul'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Holger

    2004-09-01

    Throughout his work Johann Christian August Heinroth regarded sin to be the cause of mental illness. The present two-part paper investigates what exactly Heinroth understood by sin. Based on a thorough analysis of his own texts, this study shows that on the one hand Heinroth referred to sin in a Christian-Protestant sense. On the other, however, a moral-ethical code of conduct was also involved. Thus, Heinroth did not regard sin as a singular event, but rather as a life conducted in a wrong way for years or even decades, by which he meant a steady striving towards earthly, bodily satisfaction.

  16. [The alphabet of nature and the alphabet of culture in the eighteenth century. botany, diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner : Botany, Diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierl, Martin

    2010-01-01

    In the middle of the eighteenth century, Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner attempted to realize the old idea of deciphering the alphabet of the world, which Francis Bacon had raised as a general postulate of science. This article describes these attempts and their interrelations. Linné used the model of the alphabet to classify plants according to the characters of this fruiting body. Gatterer, one of the leading German historians during the Enlightenment, adopted the botanical method of classification by genus and species to classify the history of scripts. He used the forms of the alphabetic characters to measure the age of manuscripts and to map the process of history as a genealogy of culture. Gatterer collaborated closely with Büttner, the first Göttingen professor of natural history. Büttner constructed a general alphabet of languages which connected the phonetics of language with the historically known alphabets. Early on, diplomatics and ethnography combined the natural order of natural history and the cultural order of the alphabet with the attempt to register development and to document development by the evolution of forms. Based on the shared model of the alphabet and on the common necessity to classify their empirical material, natural history and the description of culture were related attempts in the middle of the eighteenth century to comprehend the alphabetically organized nature and a naturally ordered culture.

  17. On the identity of some weevil species described by Johann Christian Fabricius (1745-1808) in the Museum of Zoology of Copenhagen (Coleoptera, Cucujoidea, Curculionoidea, Tenebrionoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    The types of thirty-two nominal weevil species described by Johann Christian Fabricius are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for twenty-two of them. A neotype is designated for Curculiosticticus Fabricius, 1777. Protapionvaripes (Germar, 1817) is declared a nomen protectum over Curculioflavipes Fabricius, 1775. Based on a study of syntypes, Rhinomacercurculioides Fabricius, 1781 is confirmed as a member of Mycterus (Mycteridae), Bruchusundatus Fabricius, 1787 is tentatively transferred to Erotylidae, Curculiofulvirostris Fabricius, 1787 and Anthribusroboris Fabricius, 1798 are confirmed as members of Salpingus (Salpingidae), and Brachyceruscristatus Fabricius, 1798 is transferred to Tenebrionidae. Based on lectotype designation, Curculiocaninus Fabricius, 1792 is confirmed as a synonym of Sitonalineatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Curculioinnocuus Fabricius, 1802 as a synonym of Cneorhinusbarcelonicus (Herbst, 1797). Bruchusrufipes Fabricius, 1792 is not considered an available species name, but a later use of Bruchusrufipes Olivier, 1790. Cossonusincisus Pascoe, 1885 is reinstated as valid from synonymy under Cossonusilligeri Champion, 1909 and Cossonusvulneratus Illiger, 1805 from synonymy under Cossonuscanaliculatus (Fabricius, 1792) (a primary homonym of Curculiocanaliculatus Olivier, 1791). Cossonuscanaliculatus Fabricius, 1802 is a secondary homonym of the former and is replaced with Cossonusincisus. Salpingusfulvirostris (Fabricius, 1787) is reinstated as valid from synonymy under Salpingusplanirostris (Fabricius, 1787), a primary homonym of Curculioplanirostris Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783. The following new combinations are proposed: Brachysomuserinaceus (Fabricius, 1802) (from Curculio), Bronchusferus (Gyllenhal, 1840) (from Hipporhinus), Bronchusglandifer (Fabricius, 1792) (from Curculio), Bronchusnivosus (Sparrman, 1785) (from Curculio), Bronchussparrmani (Gyllenhal, 1833) (from Hipporhinus), Coelocephalapionatrirostre (Fabricius, 1802

  18. Zum Studium der Anthroposophie

    OpenAIRE

    Schlüter, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang v. Goethe und Rudolf Steiner haben beide auf verschiedenen Wegen eine Denkungsart entwickelt, deren Quelle diese Anschauungskraft ist. Eine Denkungsart, die nicht dabei stehenbleibt über die Dinge und Wesen nachzudenken, sondern die sie vielmehr in Gedankenform erstehen und so ihr Wesen unmittelbar erlebbar werden lässt. Goethe wandte sich dabei den Naturreichen zu und gestaltete seine ‚gegenständliche' Denkungsart zu einer naturwissenschaftlichen Methode aus, die er für weit ...

  19. Paavst Johannes Paulus II meenutades

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    New Yorgi Eesti Pensionäride Klubi esinaise Laine Tigase külaskäigust Vatikani 21. oktoobril 1992, kingituseks paavstile võttis ta kaasa Marie Underi luulekogu "Child of God", mis nüüd asub Vatikani raamatukogus

  20. johann@dinamus.co.za

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Fourie

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to answer the question of what belongs to the essence of the church, as God intended it to be, by identifying certain indicators of the essence of the church through a study of one of the central metaphors of the New Testament: the vine in the Gospel of John. Through structural analyses, commentary and metaphorical analyses, several indicators of unity as part of the essence of the church emerge in this metaphor. These indicators are the primacy (or authority of Christ, trinitarian balance, equality, interdependence, inclusivity, growth and unity (in diversity.

  1. Goethe's Faust Revisited: Lessons from DIT Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nucci, Larry

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the Defining Issues Test as an invaluable tool for research and practice in moral education. Explains that because such instruments are based upon previous developmental research, they are unsuitable for research on moral development. Argues that these measures stand in the way of generating new knowledge. (CAJ)

  2. SPRECHEN SIE GOETHE, A SYNOPTIC ESSAY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BUSACCA, BASIL

    THE WAY IN WHICH WE CONCEIVE OF REALITY IS DEPENDENT UPON THE LANGUAGE SYSTEM WE USE. EACH LANGUAGE SYSTEM, WHETHER THAT OF A WHOLE CULTURE, A SUBCULTURE, OR AN INDIVIDUAL, EMBODIES IN ITS VOCABULARY AND SYNTAX AND RULES OF "GRAMMAR" A SET OF ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT THE NATURE OF REALITY AND THE CORRECT WAYS TO MAKE SENSE OF THINGS. THUS, UNDERSTANDING…

  3. I grandi della fisica da Platone a Heisenberg

    CERN Document Server

    Von Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich

    2002-01-01

    Parmenide ; Platone ; Aristotele ; Copernico, Keplero, Galilei ; Galileo Galilei ; Cartesio ; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz ; Cartesio, Newton, Leibniz, Kant ; Immanuel Kant ; Johann Wolfgang Goethe ; Robert Meyer ; Albert Einstein ; Niels Bohr ; Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac ; Niels Bohr e Werner Heisenberg, un ricordo del 1932 ; Werner Heisenberg ; Heisenberg, fisico e filosofo ; l'interpretazione filosofica della fisica moderna.

  4. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... India; Division of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan; Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-11, Japan; Institut für Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Robert-Mayer-Str. 10, 60325 Frankfurt ...

  5. Pages of the phytomorphology history in the monuments of material culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Yu. Barshteyn

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It was reviewed Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome sources of plants morphology, plant morphology knowledge in Renaissance age – scientific works of Andrea Cesalpino, Joachim Jungius, Marcello Malpighi and plant morphology formation as the separate branch of science due to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe scientific works and its reflection in the monuments of material culture.

  6. [Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 ; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius] / Karsten Brügge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 (Baltische Seminare, 20). Hrsg. von Michael Garleff. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius (Baltische Seminare, 20-1). Hrsg. von Carl Schirren und Wilhelm Lenz. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013

  7. Langue et „langage du geste“ : la sémiotique théâtrale comme sémiotique comparée dans la Mimik de Johann Jakob Engel (1785

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Coulombeau

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Le philosophe populaire berlinois Johann Jakob Engel a amorcé, à la fin du XVIII  siècle, des recherches importantes dans le domaine de la sémiotique esthétique, problématique alors presque entièrement neuve que venait de lancer le Laocoon de Lessing. A peine quelque années plus tard, l’œuvre de Engel constitue déjà un élargissement considérable de la problématique lessingienne, tout autant d’ailleurs qu’une remise en cause de certaines de ses prémisses : la sémiotique théâtrale ne peut-elle constituer une alternative à la scission sémiotique des « arts du temps » et des « arts de l’espace » ? Plus spécifiquement, l’analyse sémiotique du geste sera pour Engel l’occasion de dégager deux notions singulièrement opératoires : « peinture » et « expression » (Malerei, Ausdruck qui seront transposables dans une sémiotique esthétique générale. En effet, elles permettent à Engel est de dégager analogies fortes entre musique, poétique, gestuel, pour s’acheminer vers une sémiotique comparée dont la perspective est entièrement neuve. On en retracera les ressorts essentiels en mettant en lumière le rôle intermédiaire important dévolu d’une part au modèle rhétorique de l’éloquence,  d’autre part à la fonction métaphorique – moteurs de la transposition d’une sémiotique du langage à celle d’un « langage du geste ».Near the end of the eitheeth century, the Berliner popular philosopher Johann Jakob Engel initiated important research in the field of esthetic semiotics, then an almost entirely new area of reflexion prompted by Lessing’s Laocoon. Within just a few years, Engel’s work already constitutes a substantial broadening of the lessingian issue, as well as a questioning of certain of its premises : couldn’t theatrical semiotics offer an alternative to the semiotic split between the « arts of time » and « the arts of space ? » More specifically

  8. Sovetski zapad is coming back / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone 75. aastapäeva tähistav ja selle kogusid tutvustav näitus "Kollektsioon : valitud teosed I". Eksponeeritud maalikunst, juveliirikunst, graafika ja skulptuur. Kujundaja Leonhard Lapin, kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstihoone kogu kujunemisest

  9. Vedel ärkamisaeg internetis / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    1999-01-01

    Interstanding 3, näitus, konverents "Ülalpool piire", ettekanded. Graham Harwood interneti infotüranniast ja bioaktiivset kunsti viljelev Eduardo Kac saabuvast "kunstikavatsuslike olendite ajastust"

  10. The Foundational Tenets of Johannes Althusius' Constitutionalism

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    2017-11-02

    Nov 2, 2017 ... On close analysis utilitarianism, as for example conceived by Bentham, provides the other original impetus for statist collectivism. In the name of what is perceived to serve the interest of the majority best (which is identified with the public good) utilitarianism also disregards deviant communities and.

  11. John Smithi kaks palet / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2003-01-01

    Näitus "John Smith. Marko ja Kaido" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kaido Ole ja Marko Mäetamm esindavad rühmitusena "John Smith" Eestit 2003. a. Veneetsia biennaalil. Ilmunud ka kogumikus "Päevast päeva", lk. 90-96

  12. Kunstnikud rehabiliteerivad vana naise / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline vananemiseteemaline kunstinäitus "Homo grandis natu" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Reet Varblane. Osalejate loetelu. 21. aprillil avatakse Katarzyna Kozyra videoinstallatsioon "Naiste saun". Näitusega haakuvad seminar ja loengusari

  13. Kes lavastas Suure Paugu? / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Eest Muusika päevade raames Tallinna tollilaos etendunud Stephen Hawkingi raamatu "A Brief History of Time" ("Aja lühilugu") ainelisest multimeedialavastusest "Õnne valem", Von Krahli teatrile ja NYYD Ensemble'ile originaalmuusika autor Gavin Bryars, autor ja lavastaja Peeter Jalakas

  14. Peter Greenaway klaarib kunstiajalooga arveid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    Peter Greenaway multimeediainstallatsioon seeriast "Üheksa klassikalist maali" Paolo Veronese maalist "Kaana pulm" San Giorgio Maggiore kloostris Venezias 6. juunist 13. septembrini. Kloostri söögisaali otsaseinal on Paolo Veronese maali "Kaana pulm" 2007. a. valminud koopia

  15. Christo kuldab Manhattani vaateid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Gabrovost pärit prantsuse-ameerika kunstniku Christo (Christo Vladimirov Javacheff) ja tema kaasa Jeanne-Claude'i (Jeanne-Claude de Guillebon) projekt "Väravad" New Yorgi Central Park'is. Kunstnikepaaril on kavas palistada kõik pargirajad viie meetri kõrguste väravaraamistikega, millel ripuvad kirkad oranzhid kangad. Toimumisaeg 12.-27. veebruar 2005

  16. Johannes 6 en die heilige Nagmaal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Floor

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available John 6 and holy Communion. It is often observed that the Gospel of John, in its account of the passion week, does not give attention to the Lord's Supper. John definitely does recount a final, special, climactic supper of Jesus with his disciples (John 13:21 ff. But what he fails to mention is the institution of the bread and cup which relate to the body and blood of Christ. Already in chapter 6 John had presented what clearly seems to be an interpretation of the bread and the cup in connection with the Lord’s Supper. In a long, interpretative discourse Jesus speaks about eating his flesh and drinking his blood. The heart of that interpretative discourse is that the believer is to eat and drink Jesus Himself. This is stated quite crassly in materialistic terms. The metaphor of eating his flesh and drinking his blood is however used by Jesus to explain the mystery of a continuing communion with Him as the crucified and resurrected Lord.

  17. Kassikullatud mausoleum kadunud aja ideoloogiale / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Ilja ja Emilia Kabakovi ning Raul Meel'i ühisnäitus Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kabakovid on toonud Kunstihoone suurde saali korduse 1993. a. Frankfurdis esmaesitatud installatsiooniideest "Tühi muuseum". Totaalse installatsiooni meistrist Ilja Kabakovist

  18. The foundational tenets of Johannes Althusius' constitutionalism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad ... sovereignty, in contrast to undivided (statist) sovereignty and his views on public office provided the framework for constitutionalism and limited government which could arguably improve on that of contemporary statist constitutionalism.

  19. Moskva kunstibiennaal reaktsiooni teenistuses? / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Moskva II rahvusvahelisest nüüdiskunsti biennaalist. Näitustest "Sotsart. Poliitiline kunst Venemaal" (kuraator Andrei Jerofejev), "Sotsart. Poliitiline kunst Hiinas" (kuraator Xin Don Chen), "Mõtlev realism" (kuraator Jekaterina Djegot) ja "Mina usun" (kuraator Oleg Kulik)

  20. Johann RE Lutjeharms. Oseanologiewoordeboek Engels–Afrikaans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    ence method, mean sounding depth en reversals of the earth's magnetic field. Hierdeur slaag die OW daarin om die oseanologiese leksikon in sy breë omvang weer te gee. Ook die vertaalekwivalente is dikwels meerwoordige leksikale items of selfs 'n bondige parafrase wat as surrogaatekwivalent optree. Die makrostruk-.

  1. Ouerbetrokkenheid by tuiswerk / Petrus Paulus Johannes Steyn

    OpenAIRE

    Steyn, Petrus Paulus Johannes

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of the study has been to reflect on parental involvement in the homework of their children from the viewpoint of the available literature, and afterwards a determination of parents' real involvement by means of a questionnaire. At the beginning of the research the question was asked to what extent parents are involved in their children's homework. The research was done at six Afrikaans medium primary schools in Potchefstroom and vicinity. The main conclusion was that parents a...

  2. Püha viha / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Eestlasele kõige tüüpilisemast emotsioonist - viha.Võimalusest minevikuga leppida on sellest rääkida, selles kontekstis kahest lavastusest - Tom Stoppardi "Rock'n' roll" Endla teatris ja Wojciech Tomczyki "Nürnberg" VAT Teatris

  3. Prantsuse kunstnikud asustasid vana tehase / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnike (Delphine Reist, Laurent Faulon, Sebastien Perroud) ja viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky Tallinnas valminud installatsiooninäitus "Neli laulu Siivile" vanas Kalinini tehasehoones 7.-12. juunini

  4. Kerkivad monumendid iseseisvunud Eestis / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Vabadusmonumendid ärkamisaegses mälumaastikus. Vabadusmonumendid ideoloogilises kasvatustöös. Rahvusliku massikunsti sünd. Erinevad esitajad, sama laul. Üleriigilise memoriaali esimesed eskiisid

  5. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    ... did groundbreaking research in sixteen different areas of organic chemistry, such ... The methodology they used may seem to be primitive now, but that was a .... BASF chemical company by which he greatly contributed to the development of ...

  6. Talveöö uned / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Lühidalt meeldejäävast teatrifestivalil "Talveöö unenägu 2006", etendustest: "Söör Vantes. Donki Hot" - lavastaja Dmitri Krõmov, Ghana tantsuansambli Kusum Gboo tantsusetendus "Somu", jaapanlase Issei Ogata monoetendus "Linnaelu kataloog", islandi "Saja-aastane maja" Fru Emilia Teatri esituses ja Tallinna Linnateatri "Rätsep"

  7. Homme avatakse Veneetsia biennaal / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    51. kunstibiennaalist Veneetsias. Eestit esindab fotograaf Mark Raidpere isikunäitus "Isolaator". Kuraatorinäitusi on kaks. Kuraatorid Maria de Coral ja Roza Martinez Hispaaniast. Biennaali Kuldlõvi antakse elutöö eest Barbara Krugerile

  8. SOCIAL WORK WITH REFUGEES IN ZIMBABWE Johanne ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mugumbate

    Therefore, this paper provides an overview of the social work practice with refugees. ... Legal statutes that govern refugee protection in Zimbabwe .... More often than not, unaccompanied minors have been forced out of school at a tender age because of the war .... of this strategy is to achieve gender and age equality.

  9. 24 mars 2016 - Le Président de la Confédération suisse, Monsieur Johann Schneider-Ammann signe le livre d'or avec la Directrice générale du CERN Fabiola Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Le Président de la Confédération suisse, Monsieur Johann Schneider-Ammann signe le livre d'or avec la Directrice générale du CERN Fabiola Gianotti. De g. à d.: F. Eder, Délégué aux Relations avec les Etats-hôtes; F. Bordry, Directeur des accélérateurs et de la technologie; S. E. M. l'Ambassadeur Fasel, Représentant permanent de la Suisse auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève; M. Steinacher, Directeur des finances et des ressources humaines et P. Pardo, Conseiller, Mission permanente de la Suisse auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales à Genève.

  10. Alasti pioneer / Jelena Skulskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulskaja, Jelena, 1950-

    2005-01-01

    Teatri- ja filmiuudiseid Venemaalt : Kira Muratova mängufilm "Häälestaja" ("Nastroishtshik"), Aleksandr Sokurovi töös olev mängufilm Thomas Manni ja Johann Wolfgang Goethe ainetel "Faust" ning Kirill Serebrjannikovi lavastus Sovremennikus Mihhail Kononovi romaani "Alasti pioneer" järgi, peaosas Tshulpan Hamatova. Ajalehe tiitellehel kuupäevaks "märtsi lõpp (4/05)"

  11. Justification of disintegration testing beyond current FDA criteria using in vitro and in silico models

    OpenAIRE

    Uebbing L; Klumpp L; Webster GK; Löbenberg R

    2017-01-01

    Lukas Uebbing,1,2,* Lukas Klumpp,1,3,* Gregory K Webster,4 Raimar Löbenberg1 1Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Katz Group-Rexall Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; 2Institute of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, 3Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 4Global Research and Development, AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA *These authors contr...

  12. An Analysis on the Images of the Devils in the Works of Geothe, Bulgakov and Thomas Mann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie CHANG

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the analysis on the devils in the Bible stories, the writer of this article makes an analysis on Mephistopheles in Faust by JohannEolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832 Woland in The Master and Margarita by Mikhaíl Afanasyevich Bulgakov (1891-1940, and a Mephistopheles figure in Doctor Faustus by Thomas Mann (1875-1955. The origin, characteristics and changes of the images of these devils shall be discussed in this article.

  13. Ostrčilovy rané písně na německé texty (1898-1899)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 1 (2016), s. 1-13 ISSN 1803-7747 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-35842P Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Ostrčil, Otakar * Czech music * 19th –20th century * German songs * Johann Wolfgang Goethe * Friedrich Schiller * Heinrich Heine * Heidenröslein * Gefunden * Amalia * Die Nacht ist feucht und stürmisch Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  14. Wer sich den Göttern widersetzt, der stirbt jung : Untersuchung der Unvermeidbarkeit des Suizids in Die Leiden des jungen Werthers hinsichtlich der Strömung des „Sturm und Drang“

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Rasmus

    2015-01-01

    Der Ausgang des Romans Die Leiden des Jungen Werther (1774, von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) wird beim ersten Anblick oft als tragische Folge einer unglücklichen und unerwiderten Liebe zu Lotte angesehen. In dieser vorliegenden Arbeit wird der weit erforschten Frage der Unvermeidbarkeit des Suizids im Werk eine alternative Deutung geliefert. Diese ist außerhalb des Romans angesiedelt, und zeigt, dass der Suizid schon in der Epoche angelegt ist.

  15. FLSR - The Frankfurt low energy storage ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiebing, K.E.; Alexandrov, V.; Doerner, R.; Enz, S.; Kazarinov, N.Yu.; Kruppi, T.; Schempp, A.; Schmidt Boecking, H.; Voelp, M.; Ziel, P.; Dworak, M.; Dilfer, W.

    2010-01-01

    An electrostatic storage ring for low-energy ions with a design energy of 50 keV is presently being set up at the Institut fuer Kernphysik der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet Frankfurt am Main, Germany (IKF). This new device will provide a basis for new experiments on the dynamics of ionic and molecular collisions, as well as for high precision and time resolved laser spectroscopy. In this article, the design parameters of this instrument are reported.

  16. Hilpoltstein at Johann Christoph Sturm's times (German Title: Hilpoltstein zu Zeiten Johann Christoph Sturms)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platz, Kai Thomas

    After an overview on the foundations of research, the conditions inside the town of Hilpoltstein in the first half of the 17th century are described. Since Hilpoltstein was situated at the road from Nuremberg to Munich, and thus at one of the most important north-south trading routes of medieval times, the town florished in economic terms at the beginning of the 17th century. Afterwards, however, the inhabitants had to suffer religious troubles, since the count palatine Wolfgang Wilhelm converted to catholicism. We collect the traces of the Sturm family in Hilpoltstein that still exist today, and complete the picture by giving an overview of the architectural, commercial and social conditions of those times.

  17. Viimane kangelane sünnitab esimese inimese : Johannes Saar ajastu vaimust moodsates kangelaskujutistes / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest teemanäitusest "Viimane kangelane" Rotermanni soolalaos. Pikemalt ukraina kunstnik Arsen Savadovist, vene kunstnik Vladislav Mamõshev-Monroest, ajastukohaste kangelaste otsimisest. Ilmunud lühendatult ka kogumikus "Päevast päeva" pealkirjaga "Viimane kangelane", lk. 152-158

  18. Johann Christoph Sturm's universal mathematics and metaphysics (German Title: Universalmathematik und Metaphysik bei Johann Christoph Sturm)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leinsle, Ulrich G.

    In order to understand Sturm's concept of a universal mathematics as a replacement or complement of metaphysics, one first has to examine the evolution of the idea of a mathesis universalis up to Sturm, and his concept of metaphysics. According to the understanding of those times, natural theology belongs to metaphysics. The last section is concerned with Sturm's statements on the existence of God and his assessments for a physico-theology.

  19. EtiEsE BEsluitnEming volgEns 1 johannEs

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Binne die raamwerke word die aard van die etiese nadenke dan ook verstaan. ... 6 sien, byvoorbeeld, Brown (1979), schnackenburg (1984), Klauck (1991), strecker ...... The origins of Christian morality: The first two centuries. new haven: Yale.

  20. Johannes Vermeer and Tom Gouws: textual discourse through pen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poems such as 'ars poetica' and 'die kantklosser' will be read as speaking paintings of visual texts and visual writing through which an exceptional merger of pen and brush come into being. Keywords: iconicity, tipography, cohesion, visual text, ars poetica, syntactic chiasm, texture, canto. Journal for Language Teaching Vol ...

  1. Eesti foto näitus panustab pealetulijaile / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti kaasaegse foto konkursinäitus "Eesti Foto 2004" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. Grand Prix saanud Ove Maidla, I - III preemia laureaaatide Kristo Rihma, Anu Vahtra ja Märten Krossi töödest. Eripreemiate saajad on Andras Kralla, Eveli Varik ja Malev Toom

  2. Kilekott kui kineskoop = Plastic Bag as Viewer / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Anu Järsi ja Kristi Kaljumäe kureeritud näitus "Kile kotti!" Eesti Rahva Muuseumis. Eksponeeriti 1980. aastatel Tartu Plastmasstoodete Katsetehases tehtud piltidega kilekotte, mälestusi kilekottide ümber keerelnud kultuurilisest tähendusest ja väärtusüsteemidest. Ameerikaliku massikultuuri, skandinaavia tarbimiskultuuri ja omarahvusluse ja -riikluse latentsed sümbolid

  3. Pildid Venemaal sündinud asjust / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2011-01-01

    Moskvas peetud välisekspertide tarvis ellu kutsutud Venemaa teatrifestivalist Russian Case ("Kuldse maski" raames), vene teatrist, mõningatest festivali lavastustest. Intervjuud Maksim Suhhanoviga, Marina Golubiga ja Aleksei Borodiniga

  4. Johannes Althusius' grand federalism, the role of the Ephors and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thereafter follows an exposition of his federalism which consists of a set of associations, beginning with the closest-knit association, namely the family, spiralling out into the most encompassing association, which is the commonwealth or realm, with collegia, cities and provinces in between. The office of the supreme ...

  5. Biennaal ehk mäng neljale keelele / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2001-01-01

    49. Veneetsia biennaali korraldusest, probleemidest, kontseptsioonist. Loetletud preemiasaajad - peapreemiad, rahvuspaviljoni Kuldlõvi, Kuldlõvi tänapäevakunsti meistritele ja noore kunstniku preemiad

  6. Johannes Dreyer (1500–1544) – Die Hervormer van Herford

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28 Feb 2017 ... project, 'History of the ... Church History and Church. Polity, Faculty of ... Hölscher, L., 1877, „Dreier, Johann“, in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (1877), te vind by .... eienaar (sien http://www.leeuwenkuilfv.co.za/about-us/).

  7. Kolmkümmend aastat eestikeelset kirikut Washingtonis / Johannes Pedak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedak, Johannes, 1908-2003

    1980-01-01

    USAs, Washingtonis 31. 10. 1949 peetud esimesest eestikeelsest jumalateenistusest. Eripihtkonna kujunemisest ning Baltimore kogudusega liitumisest. EELK Balto-Washingtoni koguduse kujunemisest ning tegevusest 30 aasta jooksul. Kogudusega seotud isikutest

  8. Veneetsia pärgab sotsiaalkriitikuid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    13. juunil avatud Veneetsia 51. kunstibiennaalist. Rahvuspaviljonidest, preemiasaajaid. Elutööpreemia sai Barbara Kruger, kuraatoripreemiad Rosa Martinez ja Maria de Corral. Eestit esindab Mark Raidpere, kuraator Hanno Soans. Kesk-Aasia paviljonist lisas "Tapetud vaikitakse maha". Usbeki, Kirgiisi ja Kasahstani kunstnike ühisnäituse kuraator on Viktor Misiano Moskvast

  9. Ideaalse ja vulgaarse maailma kokkupõrge / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Briti kaasaegse kunsti valiknäitus "Supernoova" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator on Caroline Douglas. Osalevad Jane ja Louise Wilson, Haluk Akakce, Richard Wright, Toby Ziegler, Sarah Morris, Keith Coventry

  10. Julia argipäev ja surm / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2004-01-01

    W. Shakespeare'i "Romeo ja Julia" moderniseeritud versioon "Julia", instseneerija, lavastaja ja muusikaline kujundaja T. Ojasoo, kaasinstseneerija ja kunstnik E.-L. Semper. Esietendus Eesti Draamateatris 8. okt

  11. Johann Hermann Knoop and the art of history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cor Wagenaar

    2016-09-01

    Knoop’s world was that of science, art and popular education. He believed that it was science that determined the individual’s position in the natural and social order and he felt that it was essential that people should be aware of this: dissemination of knowledge was as important for him as scientific research, and that made him a typical representative of the Enlightenment.

  12. Neeme Külm in abstract autarchic ambience / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2013-01-01

    Neeme Külma ruumiinstallatsioonidest. Neeme Külma isikunäitus "Pinnavirvendus" ("Shimmer on the Surface") Hobusepea galeriis 11.-24.04.2012. Näituse eest pälvis kunstnik Eesti Kultuurkapitali kujutava ja rakenduskunsti sihtkapitali 2012. aasta aastapreemia. Neeme Külma ja Krista Möldri näitus "Kohalolu" ("Being Present") Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis 30.11.-28.12.2012

  13. Johannes Althusius' Grand Federalism, the Role of the Ephors and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    the entire ideological spectrum – left, right and centre (liberal) as it were. ... Althusius is once again enjoying prominence on the stage of constitutional and ...... arguably most important for constitutional thinking in the present and a future age.

  14. Mobile 1. ehk vaataja haarab kirve / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Kaarel Kurismaa kureeritud kineetilise kunsti näitusest Mobile 1. Tallinna Kunstihoones, mis on osalt tagasivaade 1960.-1970. aastate kineetilisele kunstile, sulandudes ühtseks tervikuks 1995. aastal valminud installatsioonidega. Ilmunud ka ajalehes "Postimees", 1995, 8. november

  15. Tagasivaateid ja välissuhteid / Johannes Pedak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedak, Johannes, 1908-2003

    1981-01-01

    Akadeemilistest perekondadest ja suguvõsadest korporatsioonis, ülikooli lõpetamise ja doktorikraadi kaitsmisega seotud kommetest, suhetest vähemusrahvuste- ja naaberriikide üliõpilasorganisatsioonidega ja üliõpilasvahetusest Soome, Saksamaa, Inglismaa ja Ungariga. Soome ja eesti üliõpilasorganisatsioonide võrdlus

  16. Johann Christoph Brotze ja ajalugu akvarellides / Teet Veispak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veispak, Teet, 1955-

    2006-01-01

    Kirjastuselt Estopol ilmus 2006. a. raamat "Estonica" Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Eestit puudutavatest akvarellidest ja joonistustest. Koostajad Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat ja Ants Viires

  17. Biofiltration of BTEX waste gases / by Johannes Mattheus Strauss

    OpenAIRE

    Strauss, Johannes Mattheus

    2003-01-01

    A comparison of biofilter performance under different temperature conditions is of particular importance for the application and commercialization of biofiltration technology due to the fact that many waste gas streams are at elevated temperatures. The efficacy of higher temperature biofiltration reactors, therefore, has important practical and cost implications as it directly impacts on the need and cost for gas cooling prior to biofiltration treatment. In this study the perfo...

  18. 'Gees' en 'Geeste' volgens die Openbaring aan Johannes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. du Rand

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available 'Spirit' and “Spirits’ according to the Revelation to John Theologians recently started debating the possibility of systematising a so-called doctrine of the Spirit in the book of Revelation. The intention with this contribution is not to reflect on this possibility from presupposed Pauline or Johannine projections but to allow the narrative of Revelation itself to provide a perspective on the role of the Spirit in the divine eschatological activity. It has become clear that "Spirit” in the singular form denotes the activity of the Spirit implied by the act of witnessing within the churches. The expression “seven Spirits " represents the fullness of the divine Spirit in relation to God to the Lamb and to the church's witness to the outside world.

  19. Etiese Besluitneming Volgens 1 Johannes | van der Watt | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/actat.v33i2.12 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES... for Researchers · for Journals · for Authors · for Policy Makers ...

  20. Johannes die Doper in Betanië oorkant die Jordaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J. Nortjé

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available John the Baptist in Bethany across the Jordan There a re two places in the Fourth Gospel called ‘Bethany’. One is the well-known site near Jerusalem. The other is the lesser-known locality where John the Baptist started his career as the ‘Baptist’. This paper traces John’s use of ‘Bethany across the Jordan’. It is contended th a t the site has more than geographical significance. In analysis the theological purpose of the site is demonstrated. It is the spot where the two Johannine worlds meet: The world above and the world below. This Johannine dualism is resolved a t one spesific time and place, viz at this Bethany. The locality therefore has the theological significance as point of departure for the narration of the coming of Gods only begotten son, who is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.

  1. Rõõmutud maised rõõmud / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    1998-01-01

    Eesti inglane Paul Rodgers organiseeris rahvusvahelise sümpoosioni 'Maised rõõmud' Tallinna Botaanikaaias, mis räägib taimedest, elu tärkamisest ja selle kallal toimuvast vägivallast. Pikemalt Jaan Jaanisoo kassipojauputamise videost.

  2. Waren Judas en Thomas gnostici? Het evangelie naar Johannes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and Philip are also more conspicuous characters in the Gospel of John than in the Synoptics. This challenges scholars to read these sections in relation to Gnosticism. The article aims at reading the scenes dealing with Jude and Thomas in John's gospel with a Gnostic framework in mind. These texts gain more profile than ...

  3. Mona Lisa kuulsa naeratuse saladus leidis lahenduse / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Firenze kunstiajalooõpetaja Giuseppe Pallanti jõudis 25-aastase arhiivitöö tulemusena järeldusele, et Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa modelliks on siidikaupmehe Francesco del Giocondo abikaasa Lisa Gerardini

  4. Johann Graaff. What is Sociology? Cape Town. Oxford University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 6, No 2 (2002) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  5. Features of Johannes Brahms’s Musical Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaytseva Marina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article scientifically substantiates the peculiarities of Brahms’s musical thinking. Stylistic coordinates of I. Brahms’s creativity are revealed. The main factors that had a significant impact on the formation of the creative personality of the composer have been substantiated. The impact of the aesthetics of classicism and romanticism on the works of J. Brahms have been proven. Romantic motifs and recognizable intonation of the author dominated in Brahms’s musical language. Psychology and lyricism of Brahms’s music are relevant to contemporary culture. This explains the frequent use of the creative heritage of the composer by modern performers and listeners.

  6. FAL Clowes, 1921-2016: a Memoir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Peter W

    2018-03-04

    With the death of Frederick Albert Lionel Clowes on 21 September 2016, plant sciences lost a member of that lineage of experimental morphologists which reaches back to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In 1949, he discovered a group of cells at the tip of the beech root apex which were metabolically inert. In 1954, he confirmed generality of this root apex feature and coined the term 'quiescent center'. He continued to study these unique cells throughout next decades up to his last papers published in 1980s. Concept of the quiescent centre of plant roots is one of the milestones in plant cell biology and plant physiology.

  7. Simulating Statistical Power in Latent Growth Curve Modeling: A Strategy for Evaluating Age-Based Changes in Cognitive Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Oertzen, Timo; Ghisletta, Paolo; Lindenberger, Ulman

    Variability across and within individuals is a fundamental property of adult age changes in behavior [20, 21, 24]. Some people seem young for their age, others seem old; shining examples of older individuals who maintained high levels of intellectual functioning well into very old age, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe or Sophocles, stand in contrast to individuals whose cognitive resources are depleted by the time they reach later adulthood. A similar contrast exists between different intellectual abilities. For example, if one looks at the speed needed to identify and discriminate between different percepts, one is likely to find monotonic decline after late adolescence and early adulthood.

  8. FLSR - The Frankfurt low energy storage ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiebing, K. E.; Alexandrov, V.; Dörner, R.; Enz, S.; Kazarinov, N. Yu.; Kruppi, T.; Schempp, A.; Schmidt Böcking, H.; Völp, M.; Ziel, P.; Dworak, M.; Dilfer, W.

    2010-02-01

    An electrostatic storage ring for low-energy ions with a design energy of 50 keV is presently being set up at the Institut für Kernphysik der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany (IKF). This new device will provide a basis for new experiments on the dynamics of ionic and molecular collisions, as well as for high precision and time resolved laser spectroscopy. In this article, the design parameters of this instrument are reported.

  9. Én at bli' som

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kamilla

    2011-01-01

    to the ‘scheme of the text’ – where the textual attitude towards different subjects are stated. In chapter 4 the Enlightment and the pedagogical ideas of John Locke and Jean- Jacques Rousseau are presented. It is emphasized how their idealism of a child’s development is closely connected to integration...... The purpose of the present thesis is to investigate the ideas of formation (Bildung) in youth literature in the 20th century. The main question of this thesis is: ‘how is a child transformed into an adult human being?’, and, moreover, to investigate how the aim of this process is described both positively...... Movement represented by Johann Gottfried Herder and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. With an origin in Aristotle’s idea of entelechia – that everything has in it- self a seed, a potential, which should be elaborated – the idea of formation (Bildung) is explained and discussed as a process, which has its purpose...

  10. The Beholder’s Hurt Feeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Keller

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution discute les implications du classicisme de Weimar – et en particulier sa conscience moderne d’une différence herméneutique entre l’antiquité et le présent – sur la réception et la restauration des statues. En analysant les expériences italiennes de Johann Heinrich Meyer et Johann Wolfgang Goethe, ce texte montre comment une critique des restaurations précédentes conduit à une nouvelle sensibilité au sujet des œuvres d’art et à une esthétique du fragment.This contribution discusses the implications of Weimar Classicism and its modern consciousness of the hermeneutical difference between antiquity and present on the perception and the methods of restoration. On the basis of Johann Heinrich Meyer’s and Johann Wolfgang Goethe’s experiences with modern restoration in Italy it is shown how a critique of previous restorations leads to a new sensibility in dealing with artworks and as a consequence to an aesthetic of the fragment.

  11. „Ich fordre so viel Freiheit und Musse, als nötig ist, über mich selbst, über meine Bestimmung und meinen Werth als mensch zu denken“ (Moritz, 1962, 17. Zur Kunstund Freiheitskonzeption bei Karl Philipp Moritz. „Ich fordre so viel Freiheit und Musse, als nötig ist, über mich selbst, über meine Bestimmung und meinen Werth als mensch zu denken“ (Moritz, 1962, 17. On Karl Philipp Moritz’s concept of art and freedom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Tkaczyk

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1786 in Rome, Johann Wolfgang Goethe wrote about him: “He is my younger brother; we art cut from the same mould. However, fate was against him, whereas I was fortune’s favourite.” He meant Karl Phillip Moritz (1756-1793, a German writer and art critic, Greek mythology historian, precursor of modern psychology and the author of psychological novel. If we assume that Goethe’s comments concern Moritz’s material and social status only, we would have to admit that Goethe was right. However, if we apply these judgments to the quality of his (Moritz’s works, we would be inclined to saying that in this case the great Goethe was wrong. In his aesthetic, Moritz is far more interesting and progressive than his “elder brother”; in his literary criticism – more consistent than Schiller, and in perceiving society and politics – more radical than Kant. This article is mainly on key concept regarding Moritz’s aesthetic works: the concept of beauty and its functionalism. Definition of “the work of art” as a closed, specified unity enables Moritz to get out of the frame of aesthetics itself and to enter the sphere of politics. Moritz liberates man from the restraints of utility and treats him as a noble individual who possesses the artistic value in himself.

  12. Elements of cultural continuity in modern German literature : a study of Goethe, Nietzsche and Mann

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simuţ, R.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation renders in a thematic and chronological line the argument o a Goethean influence concerning the way Nietzsche and Mann understood their position within German culture and reacted to the social and political perspective of their contemporaries. It outlines specific concepts and

  13. Poésie et philosophie dans Faust I de Goethe

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham, Bénédicte

    2013-01-01

    L’interrogation qui porte sur l’alliance ou la mésalliance entre la philosophie et la poésie n’est pas nouvelle. Elle remonte à l’Antiquité, mais la fascination réciproque de ces deux champs du langage et de la pensée n’en est pas moins restée vive pour autant. Dans sa Poétique, Aristote consacre plusieurs pages à la personne du poète dont il considère l’activité comme étant plus noble et plus philosophique que celle de l’historien. Ce qui constitue, aux yeux d’Aristote, la supériorité de la ...

  14. Goethe-Institut Lehrerhandbibliothek: A Bibliography of Texts and Reference Works for the Teacher of German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goethe Inst., Munich (West Germany).

    Teachers of German will find 120 items dating from 1960 entered in this alphabetized and annotated bibliography of texts and references. Language entries include material on: (1) grammar, (2) vocabulary, (3) pronunciation, (4) writing and style, (5) syntax, (6) morphology, (7) etymology, (8) dictation, (9) translation exercises, (10) verbs, (11)…

  15. Sauerbraten, Rotkappchen und Goethe: The Quiz Show as an Introduction to German Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Diane

    1980-01-01

    Proposes an adaptation of the quiz-show format for classroom use, discussing a set of rules and sample questions designed for beginning and intermediate German students. Presents questions based on German life and culture which are especially selected to encourage participation from students majoring in subjects other than German. (MES)

  16. The Wesselhoefts: A medical dynasty from the age of Goethe to the era of nuclear medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Jonathan Rt

    2017-11-01

    For six generations, members of the Wesselhoeft family have practiced medicine in Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Canada and/or the USA. In the early decades of the 19th century, two Wesselhoeft brothers left Europe to eventually settle in New England, where they and their progeny gave rise to a regional medical dynasty. The Wesselhoeft doctors became well-known practitioners of homeopathy, hydropathy, conventional medicine and surgery, in academic and general clinical settings. An additional connection was established to the literary worlds of Germany and the USA, either through friendships or as personal physicians.

  17. Welcome to the Land of the Ideas: The Goethe Institute Fellowship Tour of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuelson, Keith

    2007-01-01

    There are many valid reasons for participating in an educators' tour of Germany. It is a nation that has a legacy of literary and political thought that has had a profound impact on the evolution of Western civilization. Germany has offered the world artistic and scientific genius and been the source of devastating war and unprecedented genocide.…

  18. Goethe Gossips with Grass: Using Computer Chatting Software in an Introductory Literature Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Catherine C.

    1999-01-01

    Students in a third-year introduction to German literature course chatted over networked computers, using "FirstClass" software. A brief description of the course design is provided with detailed information on how the three chat sessions were organized. (Author/VWL)

  19. From Goethe to Plenzdorf: Overcoming Student Alienation by Teaching about It.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon-Geary, Irene

    1982-01-01

    Describes German literature course which subordinates goal of improving language skill in a literature course to a philosophical/critical approach which stresses increasing students' sophistication as literary critics and reinforces their interest in studying a foreign literature. Orientation emphasizes alienation of the protagonist and tries to…

  20. Memorias de alemanes en España durante la Guerra de la Independencia : la estancia de Philipp Schwein en la isla Cabrera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiltrud Friederrich-Stegmann

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene tres objetivos principales. Primero, da una información general de las memorias de alemanes participantes en la Guerra de la Independencia, junto con una relación bibliográfica, añadida como apéndice. En segundo lugar, da a conocer el autor alemán Johann Christian Mámpel que en seis libros, publicados anónimamente, cuenta las guerras napoleónicas desde el punto de vista del soldado raso, del Feldjáger. A Goetfie le gustó tanto esta obra que escribió el prólogo. Finalmente, el estudio incluye dos traducciones, la de un episodio del tercer tomo, que Mámpel dedica a la estancia de un compañero de guerra como prisionero en la desierta isla de Cabrera, y también la de la introducción de Goethe al mismo tomo con sus reflexiones sobre este asunto.The present article has three main objects. Firstly, it gives a general view of the memoirs written by Germán participants in the Spanish War of Independence, including an appendix with a related bibliography. Secondly, it introduces the German author Johann Christian Mámpel, who wrote six books, anonimously published, about the Napoleonic Wars from the point of view of the prívate soldier, the Feldjáger. Goethe was so impressed by it, that he wrote the prologue. Finally, the study includes two translations: an episode of the third volume, which Mámpel dedicates to a fellow soldier, who was a prisoner of war on the desert island of Cabrera, and also Goethe's introduction to the same volume with his reflections about this event.

  1. In Search of the Sorcerer’s Apprentice: between Lucian and Walt Disney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Kalitan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available At first glance, the movie by Jon Turteltaub entitled The Sorcerer’s Apprentice (2010 seems not to have any connections with Greco-Roman antiquity whatsoever. To find the hidden connection we have to go back to year 1797 when Johann Wolfgang Goethe published his famous ballad Der Zauberlehrling (The Sorcerer's Apprentice Almost a century later, this work inspired a French composer Paul Dukas to write his masterpiece, the symphonic scherzo L’apprenti sorcier. Dukas’ music became the leitmotif of both Disney’s movies: Fantasia (1940 and Fantasia 2000 (1999 whose action is based on Goethe’s ballad. Also, the basic elements of the plot were used in one of the episodes of the series Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1961. This is where we touch the ancient roots of the story. A good friend of J.W. Goethe, Christopher Martin Wieland, happened to have published in 1789 the first complete German translation of Lucian of Samosata’s (120-180 AD works, including a dialogue entitled Philopseudes (The Lover of Lies. The tenth story told in Philopseudes turned out to be very similar to the one written by J. W. Goethe and then adapted into Disney’s and Turteltaub’s movies. In my paper I try to show the transmission of the Lucianic text from antiquity to modern film adaptations. The original Lucian tale, rewritten by J.W. Goethe, becomes very influential. The so-called “sorcerer’s apprentice syndrome” can be found at the root of many fantastic stories in which humans could not curb their creations (i.e. robots which eventually would turn against their makers. The primary focus of this paper is on how the story of a young apprentice changed over centuries and how it was adopted by cinematography.

  2. [Carl Gustav Carus, the first director of the newly established maternity institute of the Dresden Royal Surgical-Medical Academy 1814-1827].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarembe, B

    1989-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus was born in 1789 in Leipzig. He studied at the University of Leipzig. His specialization in Gynecology and Obstetrics took place at the Triersches Maternity Hospital. In 1814 he was named Professor for Obstetrics in Dresden at the Royal-Surgical-Medical-Academy. He was the head of the Maternity Hospital till 1827. Under his direction many midwives, students and physicians were educated. He published numerous articles and books on medical and philosophical-psychological topics. He was a talented artist of the Romantic especially in painting landscapes. He was a friend of Caspar David Friedrich and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After 1827 he was the physician in ordinary to 3 saxonian kings. He died in 1869. The Medical Academy in Dresden bears his name "Carl Gustav Carus" since its foundation.

  3. L’estetica del camuffamento animale. Riflessioni sul mimetismo biologico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Maggiore

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article wants to investigate the logic of mimicry and their communicative function in animal life adopting an aesthetical perspective. The relationship between appearance and not-appearance, between the act of making itself visible and the act of disguising itself, is investigated starting from the morphological thought of the Swiss biologist Adolf Portmann, in a continuous dialogue with great thinkers of past and actual time – Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Hannah Arendt and Roger Caillois – and with the artistic illustrations of the American painter Abbott Thayer, concerned with the laws of color camouflage. This productive relationship among biology, aesthetics and artistic practice allows us to show that the sphere of the skin, far from being "superficial" and meaningless, is the privileged point of view for a true semiotics of the visible.

  4. BILDUNGSROMAN OLARAK F. S. FITZGERALD’IN THIS SIDE OF PARADISE ADLI ROMANI

    OpenAIRE

    Tanrıtanır, Bülent Cercis; Eleman, Akın

    2010-01-01

    İlk defa Alman yazar Johann Wolfgang von Goethe tarafından 1794 yılında yazılan Wilhelm Meister’s Lehrjahre adlı romanla ortaya çıkan Bildungsroman türü, genç bir ‘erkek’ kahramanın ahlaki, psikolojik ve entelektüel gelişiminden ibarettir. Geleneksel romandan keskin bir şekilde ayrılan Bildungsroman, ‘Çıraklık Modeli’ adı verilen bir model sayesinde henüz olgunlaşmamış kahramanının içsel gelişimini aşama aşama g&oum...

  5. "Ich soll nicht zu mir selbst kommen" : Werther, Goethe und die Formung des Subjekts in der Moderne

    OpenAIRE

    Petersdorff, Dirk von (Prof. Dr.)

    2012-01-01

    Die Leiden des jungen Werther: Sie gehen aus einem neuen Reflexions- uns Ausgleichungsbedürfnis hervor, aus der Suche nach einem konsistenten Ich. Werther erlebt die kognitiven und affektiven Veränderungen, die die Moderne heraufführt, und aus diesen Erfahrungen geht sein Verlangen nach Einheit hervor (...). Die Suche nach dem einheitlichen, festen, verläßlichen Ich hält den Briefroman zusammen, und die Gattungswahl korrespondiert mit der Fragestellung, denn das Medium des Briefes hat im 18. ...

  6. Effects of hue, saturation, and brightness on preference: a study on Goethe's color circle with RGB color space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camgoz, Nilgun; Yener, Cengiz

    2002-06-01

    In order to investigate preference responses for foreground- background color relationships, 85 university undergraduates in Ankara, Turkey, viewed 6 background colors (red, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and magenta) on which color squares of differing hues, saturations, and brightnesses were presented. All the background colors had maximum brightness (100%) and maximum saturation (100%). Subjects were asked to show the color square they preferred on the presented background color viewed through a computer monitor. The experimental setup consisted of a computer monitor located in a windowless room, illuminated with cove lighting. The findings of the experiment show that the brightness 100%- saturation 100% range is significantly preferred the most (p-value < 0.03). Thus, color squares that are most saturated and brightest are preferred on backgrounds of most saturated and brightest colors. Regardless of the background colors viewed, the subjects preferred blue the most (p-value < 0.01). Findings of the study are also discussed with pertinent research on the field. Through this analysis, an understanding of foreground-background color relationships in terms of preference is sought.

  7. Vetsherneje : [luuletused] / Johannes Semper ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semper, Johannes, 1892-1970

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Vetshernjeje ; Golod / tlk. Nora Javorskaja ; Pod ekvatorom / tlk. S. Olender ; Pribrezhnõje sosnõ / tlk. Z. Mirkina ; Kak bõ smog tõ zhit? / tlk. Leon Toom ; Kakoje eto tshudo / tlk. J. Gordijenko. Orig.: Õhtune ; Nälg ; Ekvaatori all ; Rannamännid ; Kuidas elaksid? ; On liigutavalt tore

  8. Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer und Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt. Zur Problematik des Guarinismus in Mitteleuropa

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vlček, Pavel

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 52, č. 4 (2004), s. 310-331 ISSN 0049-5123 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8033913 Keywords : dynamic Baroque * Guarino Guarini * Kilián Ignác Dientzenhofer Subject RIV: AL - Art , Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  9. Outstanding personalities in German-speaking mycology : Dedicated to Professor Dr. Johannes Müller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seebacher, Claus; Lotti, Torello; Roccia, Maria Grazia; Fioranelli, Massimo; Wollina, Uwe

    2017-10-01

    The history of medical and veterinary mycology in general has been reviewed in the excellent monography by G.C. Ainsworth (1905-1998) published in 1986. Here, we will focus on German-speaking mycology and their outstanding personalities. We will start with the early years when medical mycology was in its infancy. Microscopy was a most valuable tool for the identification of fungi followed by cultivation and staining methods. Human pathologies became linked to fungi. After World War I, medical mycology flourished as an integral part of dermatology at universities and in private institutes. The development was interrupted by World War II, which divided Germany. In both parts of Germany, medical mycology had to be re-established. After re-unification the two different medical societies joined together. The development of DMyK (Deutschsprachigen Mykologischen Gesellschaft - Mykologie) is illustrated. Important personalities and some of their achievements are mentioned. Mycology has attracted other fields of medicine including internal medicine, pediatrics, microbiology, and veterinary medicine.

  10. Eesti sajandilõpu kunst jõuab rahva ette / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti Kunstimuuseumi Rüütekonna hoones ja Rotermanni soolalaos näitus "Kapital" aastail 1995-2002 muuseumile ostetud eesti kunstnike teostest. Ostetud 505 tööst on eksponeeritud kolm neljandikku. Kujundas Marko Laimre, kureeris Eha Komissarov

  11. Moskvalased näevad eesti nüüdiskunsti / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Moskvas nüüdiskunsti keskuses avatakse 19.09.2007 eesti kunstnike grupinäitus "Tagurpidi bluus". Anna Hints, Laura Kuusk, Neeme Külm, Kristina Norman, Jüri Ojaver, Jaan Paavle, Jaan Toomik ja Paul Rodgers pakuvad videos, fotos ja installatsioonides mõtlemisainet kultuurilise konsensuse üle. Näituse korraldaja on Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskus

  12. Põltsamaa loss / Christian Gottlieb Welté, Stavenhagen Wilhelm Siegfried, Johann Michael Graff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Welté, Christian Gottlieb, 1748/49-1792

    1996-01-01

    Lk. 58 (17. saj. pärinevad figuraalsed ahjukahlid), värv., lk. 59 (fragment 1815. a. alevi kaardist), värv., lk. 221 (sisevaated 1770. aastatest, rokokoodekoor J. M. Graff, reprod TÜ kunstikabineti kogust), lk. 222 (lossiansambel, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 223 (loss ja kirik, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 224 (ampiirstiilis ahi härrastemaja saalis), värv., lk. 225 (loss ja alev, W. S. Stavenhageni gravüür 1867)

  13. Unustage ainulaadsus, maalikunst on nüüd kunstihoones keelatud / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Anders Härmi kureeritud rahvusvahelisest maalinäitusest "Maalimine keelatud" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Lätlase Ritums Ivanovsi, itaallase Davide LaRocca, eestlaste Tõnis Saadoja, Marko Mäetamme, Kaido Ole ja Margarete Fuksi töödest näitusel

  14. Die bestuurstaak van die hoof van 'n onderwysersentrum / deur Johannes Nicolaas Fourie Bosman

    OpenAIRE

    Bosman, Johannes Nicolaas Fourie

    1984-01-01

    The performance of the teacher is one of the most critical factors among the variables within the responsibilities of the schools. It is a truism to state that the potential for teachers to influence pupil learning is very high. Teachers, therefore, bearing in mind such factors as the relative influence of parents, siblings, friends, neighbours, the media etc. are in the best position to optimise the pupils' capabilities for learning. Improving teaching, taking into consideration the very sub...

  15. The impact of the formalisation of the informal sector liquor industry / Petrus Johannes Brits

    OpenAIRE

    Brits, Petrus Johannes

    2008-01-01

    The history of alcohol in South Africa forms a fundamental part of the history of apartheid and isolation. Conflict has long surrounded the production, distribution and use of alcohol and this continues even today, although in traditional African society the use of alcoholic beverages was well regulated. Drinking served a communal and ceremonial purpose. After colonisation, the British in vain prohibited the use of alcohol by Africans in an attempt to prevent what they saw as the social d...

  16. Kunstnik võtab parfüümitööstuselt leiva / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Eestis elava inglise kujuri ja installaatori Paul Rodgersi isikunäitus "Nuusuta-nuusuta" Tallinna Linnagaleriis. Näitusel on ready-made'i baasil loodud suuremad assamblaažid ja lavastused ning lõhnad

  17. The regulatory treatment of liquidity risk in South Africa / Johann R.G. Jacobs

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Johann Renier Gabriel

    2008-01-01

    South Africa will be implementing Basel II on 1 January 2008. Basel II provides regulatory capital requirements for credit risk, market risk and operational risk. The purpose of capital requirements is to level the playing field for all internationally active banks and to protect consumers against these risks. Although there is an obvious threat of liquidity risk and it is important to correctly measure and manage liquidity risk, it is almost glaringly omitted from Basel II. The result of...

  18. Ökokunst Viljandi "Kiriküüdil" / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Lõppes seitsmes ökoteemaline "Kiriküüt". Ürituse organiseerijate eesotsas on pikemalt olnud Tiiu Männiste ja Mari Sobolev. Jakobsoni kuju juures kandsid kirikuõpetaja Mart Salumäe ja "Ugala" direktor Jaak Allik ette rühmituse VSN performance'i "Mulgi näide". Ökoloogiast

  19. Development of a novel active muzzle brake for an artillery weapon system / Dirk Johannes Downing

    OpenAIRE

    Downing, Dirk Johannes

    2002-01-01

    A conventional muzzle brake is a baffle device located at some distance in front of the muzzle exit of a gun. The purpose of a muzzle brake is to alleviate the force on the weapon platform by diverting a portion of the muzzle gas resulting in a forward impulse being exerted on the recoiling parts of the weapon. A very efficient muzzle brake unfortunately gives rise to an excessive overpressure in the crew environment due to the deflection of the emerging shock waves. The novel ...

  20. Sõbralik fašism, inimnäoline rassism ja teised Eesti asjad / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Kriitika politoloog Samuel Huntingtoni kultuurifilosoofia aadressil, millele autori arvates toetub Eesti välispoliitiline strateegia. Kui selline filosoofia on osa meie ametlikust välispoliitilisest doktriinist, siis paistabki Eesti välismaailmale natsimeelsena, väidab autor. S. Huntingtoni on korduvalt tsiteerinud ka Toomas Hendrik Ilves

  1. Varjaagide teekond Moskvast Tallinna ehk Vene teatrifestival "Kuldne mask" Eestis / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    6.-13. okt. Tallinnas toimunud Venemaa rahvuslikust teatrifestivalist "Kuldne mask Eestis". Festivali lavastustest - Temur Tšheidze "Onukese unenägu", Declan Donnellan "Kaheteistkümnes öö", Lev Erenburgi "Äike" ja Alvis Hermanise "Šukšini jutustused"

  2. Stockholmis vennastuvad kujutav kunst ja kõrgmoe esteetika / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Ideenäitus "Fashination" Stockholmi Moderna Museetis demonstreerib piiride kadumist kunsti ja moeloomingu vahel. Esinevad paarkümmend tuntud moeloojat, moefotograafi ja kehakunstnikku. Inez van Lamsweerde, Vanessa Beercrofti, Alexander McQueeni, Yinka Shonibare töödest

  3. Beeldspraak over oorlog en schepping, geweld en geweldloosheid in de Openbaring van Johannes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Decock

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Images of war and creation, violence and non-violence in the Revelation of John Much of the violent imagery of Revelation can be seen as inspired by the image of God as the Divine Warrior who will overcome the chaotic forces threatening creation and who will bring creation to its fulfillment. This violence is reserved for God and the exalted Jesus although the prophetic ministry of churches shares to some extent in this divine power and even in its violence (11:5-6. However, human victory is won through worship of God instead of worship of Satan and the Beast, and through prophetic witness unto death in order to bring the inhabitants of the world to repentance and so to overcome sin that destroys creation. This human victory is made possible by the “blood of Jesus” and requires that his followers persevere in the works of Jesus to the end (2:26 in order to share in the new creation of which Jesus is God’s agent from the beginning (3:14.

  4. Investment decisions in the South African saddle horse industry / Johannes Hendrik Dreyer

    OpenAIRE

    Dreyer, Johannes Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    This study originated in the phenomenon that has been observed in the South African Saddle Horse Industry of substantial investments being made over time in the absence of obvious financial or economic reward. A literature study confirmed that, internationally, investment without obvious financial and economic rewards is not unknown and at the same time it was obvious that it is a rarely studied subject. From the literature study it was also evident that this phenomenon occurs ...

  5. Die wonders in Johannes 6 verklaar aan die hand van 'n vertellersperspektiefanalise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. F. Snyman

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available The miracles in Joltn 6: 1—21, explained in terms of an analysis of the narrator's perspective The author of the Gospel of John reconstructed creatively, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, certain events in the life of Jesus Christ. His description of these events does not amount to an accumulation of facts or to a literal description. Instead, the events are vividly described to the reader. What is told, seems to be enough to bring people to faith in Christ as the Messiah and to lead them to life (Jn 20: 30-31. This effect is obtained by the author's Interpretation, as can be seen by his use of a narrator who introduces the reader to the story using a peculiar device, namely the two-step progression. Hereby the reader is confronted v/ith two miracles on the same subject: Only with Christ there is life! This is illustrated from two perspectives: » the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand, as told from the perspective of Him who performed it, and » the miracle of the walking on the waters, as told from the perspective of those who saw it, the disciples.

  6. Die Wahrnehmung der Pädagogik Johann Friedrich Herbart in Polen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Wnęk

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the development of Polish interests in the pedagogical mind of J. F. Herbart. In this work we chronologically presented the most important Polish publications on Herbart we drew attention to the change of its perception in different historical periods. There is no doubt that a large part of Polish authors esteem the educational Herbart and tried to popularize his ideas among Polish teachers. It is understood that the greatest interest in ‘herbartyzmem’ was in the nineteenth century but it declined sharply in the next century. This was associated with the development of new educational systems. The article is an important contribution to a better understanding of the reception of the German educational thought in other countries.

  7. Poolakad näitavad etlemiskunsti / Gert Hatsukov ; interv. Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hatsukov, Gert

    2004-01-01

    Ürituse korraldaja Gert Hatsukoviga poola etlemiskunstnikest Pawel Kwasniewskist, Wladislav Kazmierczakist, Ewa Rybskast, Artur Grabowskist ja Dariusz Fodczukist. Poola etlemiskunsti õhtupoolik "Transmission" toimub Vaal-galeriis

  8. A normative model for alliance partnering in the South African engineering & construction industry / Johannes Philippus Fouche

    OpenAIRE

    Fouche, Johannes Philippus

    2004-01-01

    To maintain and improve competitive positions and to satisfy the ever changing market demands, international service offering and contracting strategies has undergone an evolution over the past two to three decades. This evolution includes a change from a self sufficiency strategy to opportunistic outsourcing followed by vertical integration and long term contractual relationships which emphasises the lack of alignment and synergies between the engineering service providers ...

  9. Quality of life following a major lower limb ampu tation in Johann esburg, South Africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Godlwana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available To determine the impact of lower limb amputation on qualityof life in people in the Johannesburg metropolitan area of South Africa, duringtheir reintegration to their society/community of origin.A longitudinal pre- test- post test design was utilized. Consecutive samplingwas used to recruit and interview participants (n=73 who met the inclusioncriteria. Ethical clearance was obtained. The hospitals and participants gaveinformed consent.The EQ-5D, Barthel Index, and Modified Household Economic andSocial Status Index were used to collect data. Participants were interviewed preoperatively and then followed upthree months post-operatively. Data were analysed using STATA version 10. Categorical data were analysedusing Chi-square/Fischer’s exact test and continuous data were analysed using Wilcoxon signed rank and medianregression.Most (n=21, 52.5 % participants had no income. One participant was homeless, 17.5% (n=7 lived in shacks.The preoperative and postoperative median VAS of the EQ-5D was 60 and 70 respectively showing no significantimprovement in QOL (median EQ-5D VAS. The preoperative and postoperative median total BI score was 20 and 19respectively, showing a significant reduction in function (median total BI three months postoperatively (p<0.001.Preoperative mobility was a predictor of postoperative quality of life. Being female was a predictor of higher qualityof life.The average EQ-5D VAS score and overall function (total BI were generally scored high both preoperativelyand postoperatively but there was no significant improvement in EQ-5D VAS score and there was a significant reductionin function after three months. Higher scores in mobility preoperatively is a predictor of higher quality of lifepostoperatively.

  10. Sweat it Out : Johannes de Gorter and Sudorifics in the Dutch Republic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verwaal, Ruben

    2017-01-01

    Today, many go for a run, cover themselves under blankets, or sit in the sauna believing that they can ‘sweat out’ the common cold. Whereas modern medicine has falsified the efficacy of sweating as treatment, this paper considers the development of medical research about sweating in the early modern

  11. Regstellende aksie, aliënasie en die nie-aangewese groep / Dirk Johannes Hermann

    OpenAIRE

    Hermann, Dirk Johannes

    2006-01-01

    Affirmative action is a central concept in South African politics and the workplace. The Employment Equity Act divides society into a designated group (blacks, women and people with disabilities) and a non-designated group (white men and white women). In this study, the influence of affirmative action on alienation of the non-designated group was investigated. Guidelines were also developed for employers in order to lead the non-designated group from a state of alienation to th...

  12. Terrorist speech and the criminal law – a comparative analysis / Johannes Keiler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keiler, Johannes

    2017-01-01

    Inglismaa ja Madalmaade kriminaalõigussüsteemide võitlusest terroristliku kõne vastu, terroristliku kõne abil otsesest ja kaudsest õhutamisest terrorismile. Terroristliku kõne kriminaliseerimisest

  13. Natuurrampe en die voorsienigheid van God, met besondere verwysing na die beskouing van Johannes Calvyn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P C Potgieter

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available It stands to reason that many of those believing in the providence of God will look for theological guidance when natural disasters of a catastrophic magnitude strike. This paper explores the reasoning of well-known theologians, and particularly John Calvin, in this regard endeavouring to develop a relevant contribution towards deeper insight in the extremely difficult issue of a theodicy. Contrary to a popular idea that Calvin adopted an extremely harsh line on providence by which God becomes responsible for every kind of disaster, it is argued that he maintains a fine balance between the loving grace of our heavenly Father and his righteous judgment over mankind who undermined his intended order of nature by sin. Argued from a Christological perspective, the faithful should respect both God's revelation and his hidden plan, which they will not be able to fathom in this life. Whatever happens, they should be pastorally guided to humble patience and perseverance in sincere hope on God� s unquestionable faithfulness, and the firm belief that he will guide his creation to its true destination.

  14. Die invloed van ontoereikende vaderidentifikasie op skoloastiese prestasie / Andries Johannes Eksteen

    OpenAIRE

    Eksteen, Andries Johannes

    1980-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the influence of insufficient father-identification on scholastic achievement. Two methods of enquiry were used. A study of the available relevant literature was made in order to give an outline of former investigations on the father-child relationship and more specifically the father-son relationship. Subsequently the empirical method was used to test the validity of specific hypotheses. A cultural historical picture of the ro...

  15. Customer retention management for the hotel industry in Gauteng / Daniël Johannes Petzer

    OpenAIRE

    Petzer, Daniël Johannes

    2005-01-01

    The effects of globalisation, local economic conditions, and developments in the service-, tourism-, and hotel industries, as well as increasing competitiveness, have led to major changes in the operating environment of South African hotels, in Gauteng particularly. These changes necessitate marketing responses from the hotels so that they can gain, but also (more profitably) retain customers. The present study develops a customer retention framework for Gauteng hotels. The ...

  16. Opera in the Foreign Language Classroom: Learning German with Mozart, Wagner, Weber, and Johann Strauss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinz, Solveig M.

    2010-01-01

    Content-based instruction (CBI) has been part of the foreign language curriculum for many years at US colleges, leading to courses that combine language instruction with specific content domains, such as film, literature, politics, sports and many others. This article presents a rather unusual choice of content domain for a second-year language…

  17. Villu Jaanisoo : Nodi kunstniku hõlma all = Stuff under the artist's hem / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Skulptor Villu Jaanisoo loomingust Soomes ja Eestis 1990-ndatel. Tema kunst 2000-ndatel toitub sündmuste jääkidest ja kildudest ning selle kujutistest, mis mujal omas selget pragmaatilist väärtust. Kasutatud argiesemed on oragniseeritud mütopoeetiliseks tervikuks, mis enam ei tähista mugavust, puhtust, soojust ja sööki, vaid kõigest sellest konstrueeritud panoptikumi - elulaadi, maailmapilti ja tunnetuslikke müüte

  18. Johann Gottlieb Naumann und die Oper in Kopenhagen (1785/86)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2006-01-01

    Operareform i København; første dansksprogede "stor opera": Orfeus og Eurydice; organiseret operafejde; Naumann og "musica religiosa" i København......Operareform i København; første dansksprogede "stor opera": Orfeus og Eurydice; organiseret operafejde; Naumann og "musica religiosa" i København...

  19. Tarvo Hanno Varres, Mari-Leen Kiipli / Merilin Talumaa, Hanno Soans, Tatjana Kozlova-Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talumaa, Merilin, 1986-

    2015-01-01

    Vaatluse alla on võetud Tarvo Hanno Varrese heli- ja videoinstallatsioon "Lindistav põrand" (2015) ja heli- ja videoteos "Betweenland" (2014) ning Mari-Leen Kiipli fotoseeria "The school of dreams" (2012-2015)

  20. Competitiveness of Estonian milk production / Katri Lahesoo, Ülle Roosmaa, Johannes Holzner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahesoo, Katri, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti piimatootmise konkurentsivõime analüüs võrreldes mõningate Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa ning Euroopa Liidu riikidega, kasutatud on selleks IFCN Dairy 2001. aasta andmebaasi ja tüüptalude metodoloogiat. Diagrammid

  1. Building blocks for the life and work of Johann Philipp von Wurzelbau (1651-1725) (German Title: Bausteine zu Leben und Werk von Johann Philipp von Wurzelbau (1651-1725))

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Karin; Knobloch, Eberhard

    The article sketches important stations of the life of Wurzelbau, among others his admittance to the academies of Paris and Berlin, and addresses in particular his translations of works of Cassini and Huygens (Cosmotheoros). The appendix presents - in transcription and German translation - a letter from Wurzelbau to Leibniz, dated July 16, 1702, in which Wurzelbau outlines the motives and the development of his astronomical works.

  2. In the spotlight. Interview with Kenneth Lee, Health Economist, University of Leeds, U.K.. Interview by Johannes Stoelwinder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, K

    1984-01-01

    Ken Lee appointed to the staff of the Nuffield Centre, University of Leeds, as Lecturer in Health Economics in 1970. He is now Senior Lecturer and Director of the Master's Programme in Health Service Studies. His main teaching interests are in health planning and health economics, and he has carried out research and written extensively on approaches to health economics, health planning and management, care of the elderly, primary health care, health financing, and emergency health services.

  3. Global Marine Science and Carlsberg - The Golden Connections of Johannes Schmidt (1877-1933) (Med dansksproget resume)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Bo

    for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the Danish state and several private companies. Launching 26 oceangoing expeditions Schmidt made landmark discoveries such as the breeding ground for the Atlantic eel in the Sargasso Sea. The scientific frontier was pushed literally kilometres into the deep sea and across...

  4. Johann P. Arnason & Kurt A. Raaflaub, The Roman Empire in Context: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (Chichester: Wiley & Sons, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Gibbons

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Arnason and Raaflaub’s edited volume, The Roman Empire in Context: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, is the fifth volume in a series entitled The Ancient World: Comparative Histories. The overarching aim of the series is to bring a comparative perspective to studies of ancient histories, and earlier titles focus either on content or geography. This is the only volume to date that focuses on a specific civilization, and Rome is of course significant enough to merit its own volume.

  5. Väliseesti kadunud tütred on lõpuks koju jõudnud / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Rootsieesti kunstniku Kari Bie Erenurme korternäitus "Top Secret - the Lady is a Tramp" Tallinnas Väike-Karja 1-19/13 tutvustab tema ema elu paguluses. Eksponeeritud on märkmed, kirjad, fotod, esemed ja video "Kõrvarõngad"

  6. Origin and Early Evolution of Comet Nuclei Workshop honouring Johannes Geiss on the occasion of his 80th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Balsiger, H; Huebner, W; Owen, T; Schulz, R

    2008-01-01

    Comet nuclei are the most primitive bodies in the solar system. They have been created far away from the early Sun and it is supposed that their material has been altered the least since their formation. This volume presents the results of a scientific workshop on comet nuclei and is written by experts working on interstellar clouds, star-forming regions, the solar nebula, and comets. The articles formulate the current understanding and interconnectivity of the various source regions of comet nuclei and their associated compositions and orbital characteristics. This includes a discussion on the transport of materials into the Kuiper belt and Oort cloud regions of the solar system. The distinction between direct measurements of cometary material properties and properties derived from indirect means are emphasized with the aim to guide future investigations. This book serves as a guide for researchers and graduate students working in the field of planetology and solar system exploration. It should also help to ...

  7. The medical Doppler in hand surgery: its scientific basis, applications, and the history of its namesake, Christian Johann Doppler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghori, Ahmer K; Chung, Kevin C

    2007-12-01

    The word Doppler is used synonymously in hand surgery for evaluating patency of vascular structures; however, the science and history behind the Doppler effect are not as well-known. We will present the theories behind the Doppler effect and the history of the person who made this discovery.

  8. Die Familie angesichts der Migration im Lichte der Botschaften von Johannes Paul II. zum Welttag der Migranten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ireneusz Stolarczyk

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents migration as a social phenomenon, which constitutes a challenge for both the international community and particular countries. The involvement of the Holy Father John Paul II, as well as the variety of problems featuring in messages for the World Day of Migrants allow the reader to perceive the issues connected with migration as extremely urgent - both for individuals and for communities, among which the family is of greatest importance. The reason why the Holy Father committed himself to this fi eld was to uphold human dignity and a global social solidarity. The analysis of this phenomenon allows the Holy Father to address a call for responsibility to various groups whose integral activity can make the phenomenon of migration more digni fi ed. The messages of the Holy Father also offer a direct invitation to all people of goodwill to make their own contribution so that every person and family are respected and discriminations that undertime human dignity.

  9. Johannes Maccovius (1588-1644) zijn bijdrage aan de ontwikkeling van de gereformeerde theologie van de zeventiende eeuw

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asselt, W.J. van

    2006-01-01

    In de kerkelijke geschiedschrijving behoort Jan Makowsky (1588-1644) bepaald niet tot de categorie van auteurs die op enigerlei sympathie kunnen rekenen(1). Deze Poolse aristocraat en zwager van Rembrandt(2), die bijna dertig jaar lang theologie en filosofie doceerde aan de universiteit van

  10. Counterpoint as a principle of creativity: Extracting divergent modifiers from 'The Art of Fugue' by Johann Sebastian Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Emanuele Corazza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main message carried by this article is that counterpoint can be taken as a model approach for the introduction of contrasting elements, not only in musical composition but also in the generation of ideas in any domain of knowledge. We start by an interdisciplinary review about the power of opposite concepts as constituting elements in nature. This is followed by the description of the DIMAI model for creative thinking, which is founded upon the dual forces of convergent and divergent thinking modalities. The main body of our work is an extraction of divergent modifiers from the Contrapunctus composed by Bach and collected in the Art of Fugue, with simple examples of application to the diversified fields of education and computer science.

  11. Geweld in 'n evangelie van liefde: Die Evangelie van Johannes se perspektief op geweld teen Jesus en sy dissipels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan van der Watt

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Violence in a gospel of love: The perspective of the Gospel of John on violence against Jesus and his disciples This article is the first of two articles in which violence in the Gospel of John is discussed. In these articles strong techniques of vilification in the Gospel are pointed out, according to which the status of the opposing group is radically discredited by the Jews on the one hand, and the followers of Jesus on the other hand. In the first article violence and vilification by the Jews, or disciples of Moses against the followers and disciples of Jesus are investigated. It is argued that the central issue of the conflict revolves around the question: Where is God's presence to be found? Among the Jews or among the followers of Jesus? The conflict and violence in John could be understood against the backdrop of this important question.

  12. Use of Linkage Technique in Johannes Brahms’ op. 78 and Leopoldo Miguéz’s op.14 Violin Sonatas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desirée Johanna Mesquita Mayr

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper specifically addresses linkage, a characteristically Brahmsian technique employed in the formation of musical ideas through the gradual transformation of precedent elements, being considered an indicator in the use of developing variation. After a detailed review of the literature encompassing definitions, classification and exemplification considering works of three theorists (FRISCH, 1984. SMITH, 2007. RAHN, 2015, an original proposal for a typology of linkage is presented. We compare a special occurrence of linkage in Brahms’ Violin Sonata, op. 78 to two similar occurrences in Leopoldo Miguéz’s sonata op. 14, a work of the same genre.. The results reinforce the hypothesis that Miguéz had employed organic constructive processes in his piece.

  13. Lyfstraf as faset van die skoolhoof se beheersingsbevoegdheid in sekondêre skole / Jacobus Johannes du Plessis van Rensburg

    OpenAIRE

    Van Rensburg, Jacobus Johannes du Plessis

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to look into and investigate corporal punishment as facet of the principal's competence of control in secondary schools. Research has been done in order to study: • the power and authority base on which the principal's competence of control rely, and • the pedagogical juridical directives for corporal punishment. To achieve these goals a literary study and empirical investigation has been completed. In the literary study specific attention ha...

  14. Treasures in Heaven and on Earth : Poverty and Abundance in the Life and Sacred Cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heber, N.

    2017-01-01

    This PhD dissertation explores poverty and abundance in Bach’s life and sacred cantatas and inquires how he himself might have handled the tension between the material and spiritual aspects. Although his career was increasingly lucrative, Bach did not amass significant wealth. In 1730, he complained

  15. [Order of mortality, duration of life and annuities in Johann Peter Süssmilch's Göttliche Ordnung].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbasser, J M

    1997-01-01

    The government of Providence builds the order which pastor Süssmilch sees in the demographic events and especially the order of mortality. God governs the length of human life and assigns to each person a just balance between fear of death and expectation of life. This authorizes Süssmilch to clarify the notions of probable life and life expectancy with the design to treat of their main application in the field of political arithmetic, that is the computations of Government loans under the form of annuities on lives. So he treats of an important question which concerns the history of actuarial calculation as well as the history of probability, of statistics and demography. We cannot forget also the political and philosophical points of view which the pastor underlines vividly: what sort of contract joins the creature and his God? This study of the contingent but optimal regularities which Providence makes in the world builds an important contribution to the physico-theological current.

  16. "La estética de la crueldad" : una lectura sobre De sobremesa de J. A. Silva a la luz del Fausto de W. J. Goethe

    OpenAIRE

    Levy Wolfenzon, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Si bien la crítica latinoamericana contemporánea ha estudiado buena parte de las referencias literarias, plásticas y filosóficas de De Sobremesa (1895) de José Asunción Silva, aún queda por investigar con mayor profundidad cuál es la relación que se establece entre esta novela típicamente modernista y la mitología faustiana. La mayoría de estudiosos de la obra de Silva han señalado las fuertes influencias europeas de fines del siglo XIX enfatizando en las de Joris-Karl Huysm...

  17. Aproximaciones al exilio de Tomás Segovia a través de la “fidelidad” de Goethe, Cesare Pavese y Albert Camus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houvenaghel, E.M.H.

    2014-01-01

    México 2011). Para ello, recurrimos a la noción de ‘fidelidad’ ya que Segovia considera el destierro una ‘experiencia de fidelidad-infidelidad’. Con el fin de llegar al mejor entendimiento de los orígenes del concepto de ‘fidelidad’ nos remontamos a sus ensayos de los años 50 y 60 (Sextante 1991) en

  18. El carácter intrínsecamente teatral del mito fáustico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Leñero

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mucho se ha escrito sobre las diferencias (históricas, ideológicas, filosóficas, políticas, estéticas entre los diversos personajes ficticios que han encarnado el mito fáustico. La figura de Fausto ha atravesado la historia moderna desde sus inicios hasta el día de hoy: desde principios del renacimiento, pasando por la ilustración, el romanticismo y existencialismo del siglo xx, y ha “transmigrado” de un género artístico a otro: de la leyenda oral al teatro, del poema a la novela, del ensayo a la pintura o la música, del tablado de títeres a la ópera y el cine. En cada uno de estos ámbitos de ficción, su famoso pacto con el Mal (materializado en otra figura clave del mito: el Diablo cambia de significación, ya sea que se conciba a Fausto como representante de la cultura alemana en particular, de la cultura europea y occidental en general, o incluso del gé- nero humano. Sin ignorar los contextos culturales de las obras en que aparece, en este ensayo exploro los aspectos propiamente “teatrales”, comunes a todas las versiones del mito. Me referiré en especial al Volksbuch o Libro popular del Doctor Faustus, editado por Johann Spies en 1587, a la pieza teatral de Christopher Marlowe (1592, a El drama de títeres, cuya primera representación data de 1746, a las dos partes el poema dramático Fausto de Johann W. von Goethe (de 1808 y de 1832, respectivamente y a la novela de Thomas Mann, Doctor Faustus (1947.

  19. [Skyblue - the cyanometer of Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (1740 - 1799)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breidbach, Olaf; Karliczek, André

    2011-01-01

    The cyanometer is a simply constructed measuring instrument that enables a determination of skyblue. It consists of a color-scale that is arranged circularly going in equal steps from white to blue (Prussian blue) and finally into black. According to its inventor--Horace-Bénédict de Saussure--the azure is determined by the amount of so called opaque vapors in the atmosphere associated with meteorological phenomena. As outlined by De Saussure, the blackness of the universe seen through an illuminated and blurred medium results in azure. Thereby his instrument offers a relative scale that is consistent with color theories of his time like those of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The description allows the construction of the scale without the employment of standardized color-prints. Instead he provides a clear report of the necessary procedures to produce such a scale. The accuracy of this description is tested and discussed employing the methods of experimental history of science. The reception of the cyanometer in the time about 1800 and its implications on color theories is discussed.

  20. Microsatellite Instability Occurs Rarely in Patients with Cholangiocarcinoma: A Retrospective Study from a German Tertiary Care Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ria Winkelmann

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Immune-modulating therapy is a promising therapy for patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA. Microsatellite instability (MSI might be a favorable predictor for treatment response, but comprehensive data on the prevalence of MSI in CCA are missing. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of MSI in a German tertiary care hospital. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples, obtained in the study period from 2007 to 2015 from patients with CCA undergoing surgical resection with curative intention at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University hospital, were examined. All samples were investigated immunohistochemically for the presence of MSI (expression of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 as well as by pentaplex polymerase chain reaction for five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide repeats (BAT-25, BAT-26, NR-21, NR-22, and NR-24. In total, 102 patients were included, presenting intrahepatic (n = 35, 34.3%, perihilar (n = 42, 41.2%, and distal CCA (n = 25, 24.5%. In the immunohistochemical analysis, no loss of expression of DNA repair enzymes was observed. In the PCR-based analysis, one out of 102 patients was found to be MSI-high and one out of 102 was found to be MSI-low. Thus, MSI seems to appear rarely in CCA in Germany. This should be considered when planning immune-modulating therapy trials for patients with CCA.

  1. Transendentale kritiek en negatiewe dialektiek: ’n vergelyking tussen Dooyeweerd en Adorno se samelewingskritiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Snyman

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Transcendental critique and negative dialectics: a comparison between Dooyeweerd’s and Adorno’s social critique. Plato's allegory of the cave set a fashion for philosophy, i.e. to distinguish between appearance and reality. This fashion is still distinguishable in the work of two philosophers whose social critiques, at a first glance, are worlds apart: Herman Dooyeweerd of the Free University in Amsterdam, and Theodor Adorno o f the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. Upon a closer look, however, many similarities appear. Their diagnoses of Western society probes beneath the beguiling surface of scientific and technological progress to reveal serious tensions deeply embedded in Western culture. The question arises: how conscious are they of their own embeddedness in this cultural crisis? Dooyeweerd and Adorno are analysed on this issue, and the conclusion shows Dooyeweerd’s philosophy to suffer from an intellectual hybris, whereas Adorno’s is portrayed as burdened with a paralysing aestheticism. The result of this critical analysis of Dooyeweerd and Adorno is a suggestion to rehabilitate the tradition of Christian thinking as an ongoing debate between rival interpretations of the biblical message, which offers creative opportunities to respond to cultural crises and the suffering they entail.

  2. ON PATTERNS OF INTERSUBJECTIVE COGNITION IN DIDACTIC POETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Gabor

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical reception of didactic poetry has displayed two tendencies in the past few decades. Firstly, the emphasis has been on what is taught in the works of art instead of how the teaching process is structured. Therefore rhetorical and philological approaches dominate theory and interpretation. Secondly, the status of didactic poetry as a poetic genre is often questioned despite the fact that its ancient Aristotelian critique has been revised. The aim of the paper is to reconsider both aspects from the viewpoint of cognitive genre theory. I examine what kinds of cognitive patterns organise the teaching process in three texts: in De rerum natura (On Nature by Titus Lucretius Carus, in A méltóság keserve (The Lament of Dignity by the Hungarian poet György Bessenyei, and in Die Metamorphose der Pflanzen (The Metamorphosis of Plants by Johann Wolfgang Goethe. In the demonstration of how the teacher-pupil interaction serves as the basis of the complex didactic process I apply the evolutionary model of teaching behaviour. The main results of the investigation are (i drawing attention to the indirect adaptations of teaching behaviour (e.g. social tolerance, local enhancement, evaluative feedback represented in didactic poetry; (ii demonstrating the importance of poetic imagery in didactic poetry, emphasising the close relation between poetic and didactic configurations; (iii rethinking the notion of genre as a specific pattern of cognition mediating between particular sociocultural contexts.

  3. Kant on the history of nature: the ambiguous heritage of the critical philosophy for natural history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Phillip R

    2006-12-01

    This paper seeks to show Kant's importance for the formal distinction between descriptive natural history and a developmental history of nature that entered natural history discussions in the late eighteenth century. It is argued that he developed this distinction initially upon Buffon's distinctions of 'abstract' and 'physical' truths, and applied these initially in his distinction of 'varieties' from 'races' in anthropology. In the 1770s, Kant appears to have given theoretical preference to the 'history' of nature [Naturgeschichte] over 'description' of nature [Naturbeschreibung]. Following Kant's confrontations with Johann Herder and Georg Forster in the late 1780s, Kant weakened the epistemic status of the 'history of nature' and gave theoretical preference to 'description of nature'. As a result, Kant's successors, such as Goethe, could draw from Kant either a justification for a developmental history of nature, or, as this paper argues, a warrant from the critical philosophy for denying the validity of the developmental history of nature as anything more than a 'regulative' idea of reason.

  4. Conor McPherson's The Seafarer: tinkering with traditionDOI:10.5007/2175-8026.2010n58p357

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Ferreira da Rocha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A reading of The Seafarer (2007, the  last published play by the Irish playwright Conor McPherson (1971- , which aims to investigate the rich intertextuality that the work presents. The text echoes both canonic and popular renderings of the Faustian myth, those of Christopher Marlowe (c. 1564-1593 and Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832, as well as its folk rewritings. In The Seafarer McPherson conveys a complex portrait of a group of Irish working-class mates, who are enthralled in existential and gender conflicts. In this his fourth full-length ensemble play to reach both the London West End and New York Broadway (the first being The Weir of 1999 McPherson critically dialogues with the modernist and postmodernist dramatic tradition mainly through the works of John Middleton Synge (1871-1909, Samuel Beckett (1906-1989, Harold Pinter (1930-2008 and David Mamet (1947- , without losing, however, a genuine sense of deep Irishness.

  5. Werther Goes Viral: Suicidal Contagion, Anti-Vaccination, and Infectious Sympathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faubert, Michelle

    The fear that suicidality could spread through textual contagion-that textually represented suicide could enter the reader's mind and cause self-destruction-took hold long before Émile Durkheim theorized it in the Victorian period. This article argues that the fear of suicidal contagion and the horror of vaccination, both of which raged in Britain in the long eighteenth century, were linked to ideas about sympathy and the importation of the Other into the Self. With reference to the psychoanalytic notions of extimité and étrangerété; the eighteenth-century medical theories of William Rowley and Edward Jenner; the philosophy of "sympathy," as adumbrated in the work of John Locke, Adam Smith, David Hume and Edmund Burke; and two key novels of sensibility (Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Julie and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther), this article examines the root of a belief that exists even today: that, in a suicidal process, the invading Other could become the Self and, Trojan horse-style, destroy it from the inside.

  6. 103rd Meeting of the SPSC

    CERN Multimedia

    Morna Robillard

    2011-01-01

    from Tuesday 25 October 2011 at 09:00 to Wednesday 26 October 2011 at 16:00 Council Chamber, Bldg. 503 News from the Non-LHC Experiments at CERN Claude Vallee / CPPM Marseille Tuesday 25 October 2011 09:00 - 13:00 OPEN SESSION 09:00 Status and plans of the NA61 experiment 30' Speaker:  Marek Gazdzicki / Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe Univ. (DE) 09:40 Status and plans of the NA63 experiment 20' Speaker:  Ulrik Uggerhoj 10:10 Status and plans of the CAST experiment 30' Speaker:  Esther Ferrer Ribas / IRFU/CEA-Saclay 10:50 Coffee Break 20' 11:10 Status and plans of the OSQAR experiment 30' Speaker:  Pierre Pugnat / CNRS - LNCMI-G (Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Intenses de Grenoble 11:50 Status and plans of the UA9 experiment 20' Speaker:  Walter Scandale / Universite de Paris-Sud 11 (FR) 12:20 A proposal to measure the gravitational behaviour of antihydrogen at rest 30' Speaker:  Patr...

  7. Use of complementary and alternative medicine before and after organ removal due to urologic cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mani J

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Jens Mani,1 Eva Juengel,1 Ilhan Arslan,1 Georg Bartsch,1 Natalie Filmann,2 Hanns Ackermann,2 Karen Nelson,3 Axel Haferkamp,1 Tobias Engl,1,* Roman A Blaheta1,* 1Department of Urology, 2Institute of Biostatistics and Mathematical Modeling, 3Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: Many patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM as primary treatment or symptom relief for a variety of illnesses. This study was designed to investigate the influence of surgical removal of a tumor-bearing urogenital organ on CAM use.Methods: From 2007 to 2011, 350 patients underwent major urological surgery for kidney, prostate, or bladder cancer at the Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany. Data from 172 patients (49%, who returned a questionnaire, were retrospectively evaluated using the hospital information system along with the questionnaire to objectify CAM use 2 years before and after surgery.Results: From the 172 patients returning questionnaires, 56 (33% used CAM before and/or after surgery and 116 (67% never used CAM. Of the 56 CAM users, 30 (54% used CAM presurgery and 53 (95% used CAM postsurgery, indicating a significant change of mind about CAM use. Patients of German nationality used CAM significantly more than patients of other nationalities. Higher educational status (high-school diploma or higher was a significant factor in favor of CAM use. The most common type of CAM used before/after surgery was an alternative medical system (63/49%, a manipulative and body-based method (50/19%, and a biological-based therapy (37/32%. Information about CAM, either provided by medical professionals or by other sources, was the main reason determining whether patients used CAM or not.Conclusion: The number of patients using CAM almost doubled after surgical removal of a cancer-bearing organ. Better awareness and

  8. Gymnastics - an emerging national university discipline - Johannes Lindhard's struggle to institutionalise gymnastics as a subject at the University of Copenhagen 1909-1940

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Frøslev; Bonde, Hans

    2011-01-01

    matters was transferred to the university in a way that did not undermine the political support that had made it possible to add gymnastics to the subjects taught there; and that gymnastics gained scientific authority within the university. In striving to meet these demands, he managed to write five...

  9. Muusikamaailm : Lihavõttefestivalid Euroopas. Uus kontserdimaja avati Barcelonas. Johann Adolf Hasse ئ 300. Märtsikuu teisi tähtpäevi / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lihavõttefestivalidest Salzburgis, Viinis ja Luzernis. kontsertidest, esinejatest. Barcelonas avatud uuest kontserdimajast L"Auditori. Helilooja 300. sünniaastapäeva puhul on mitmel pool Euroopas välja toodud tema ooperite uuslavastusi. Muusikute tähtpäevi märtsis 1999

  10. Tallinna raamatuturg 17. sajandi teisel poolel : raamatukaupmees August Johann Beckerist 1673. aastal Tallinna jäänud raamatud / Tiiu Reimo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimo, Tiiu, 1953-

    2014-01-01

    Raamatukaubanduse ja raamatuomandi uurimisest Eestis. Raamatukauplejatest 17. sajandi Tallinnas. Beckeri raamatute loendist ja teoste identifitseerimisest. Raamatuvara sisulisest koostisest, autoritest ja teostest.

  11. Võistlevad maastikud : kultuuripanoraamide ja kontekstide vaheldumine 1980. aastate kunstitekstides = Competing landscapes : changing cultural horizons and contexts in the art writing of the 1980s / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Käsitletakse teoreetilisi taustsüsteeme, milles 1980. aastate eesti kunst liikus, toetudes ajalehes Sirp, almanahhis Kunst ja artiklite kogumikus Kunstiteadus. Kunstikriitika (1981-1986) ilmunule. Vaadeldakse kunstiteoreetilist, ajaloolist ja poliitilist konteksti kunsti ümber, mis oluliselt mõjutas nii kunsti loomist kui ka vastuvõttu. Kõike meeles mõlkuvat ei saanud tol ajal kirja panna, tihti oli see ridade vahel, alltekstina

  12. Johann Alois Lamb – život a dílo vrchlabského kantora (Část druhá)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Michl, Jakub

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 52, č. 1 (2015), 79–118 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : 18th century music * Vrchlabí (Hohenelbe) * thematic catalogues * composers * Czech lands Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. Lavastaja Rimas Tuminas: Pöördun Tšehhovi kui arsti poole" / Rimas Tuminas ja Sergei Makovetski ; intervjueerinud Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuminas, Rimas, 1952-

    2010-01-01

    Lavastaja Rimas Tuminas ja Moskva Jevgeni Vahtangovi nimeline Teater toovad teatrifestivalile "Kuldne Mask Eestis" Anton Tšehhovi "Onu Vanja". Intervjuu lavastajaga, sõna saab sekka ka Vanja osatäitja

  14. Õnnistus : [luuletused] / Charles Baudelaire ; tlk. Johannes Semper, Ants Oras, August Sang, Ilmar Laaban, Ain Kaalep, Indrek Hirv, Jaan Kross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Õnnistus ; Albatross ; Ülenemine ; Vastavusi ; Kutse teekonnale ; Muusika ; Elav tungal ; Vaenlane ; Ebaõnn ; Mees ja meri ; Ilu ; Hiigelnaine ; Hümn ilule ; Kalliskivid ; Eksootiline lõhn ; Raibe ; Vampiir ; Pihtimus ; Kass ; Mis ütled, vaene hing ; Lõhnapudel ; Sume laotus ; Kutse teele ; Sügissonett ; Öökullid ; Olematuse maitse ; Spliin : "Mu mälestuste last on nii painajalik..." ; Spliin : "Ma olen nii kui vürst, vürst sajulisel maal..." ; Mõrane kell ; "Nagu põhjatu taevas, öös tummuv ja mustav..." ; Kell ; Maastik ; Päike ; Punajuukselisele kerjustüdrukule ; Luik ; Hämarus ; Mäng ; Somp ja udud ; Pariisi unenägu ; Hommikuhämarik ; Üksildaste vein ; Üks märtritar ; Beatrice ; Aabel ja Kain ; Armastajate surm ; Vaeste surm ; Matk ; Lunahind ; Ühe pilgu lubadused. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 703

  15. Teoste digiteerimine ja selle aktuaalsed autoriõiguslikud probleemid : [magistritöö] / Johann-Kristjan Varik ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mario Rosentau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varik, Johann-Kristjan

    2014-01-01

    Teose digiteerimise olemusest, digiteerimise autoriõiguslikest tagajärgedest, autoriõiguslikest probleemidest teose digiteerimisega, lahendusvõimalustest digiteerimise autoriõiguslikele probleemidele

  16. Suur pagu 1944 : lehekülgi "Eesti kroonikast" I-IV / Johannes Äro ; fotod: Holmert; Suurallik; Otto Aaviku kogust; E. Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Äro, Johannes

    1995-01-01

    Eestist põgenemisest, põgenike elust Rootsis, põgenikelaagritest, töökohtade leidmisest, rootslaste suhtumisest põgenikesse, eestlaste kohanemisest Rootsis ja nende majanduslikust ettevõtlusest

  17. Van verstaan naar vertolken : een praktisch-theologische analyse van de voorbereiding van een preek of catechese over de Openbaring van Johannes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonker, Evert Rienk

    1998-01-01

    The aim of this practical-theological study is to give an account of the transition from understanding to rendering. Those who prepare a sermon or catechetical instruction on a biblical passage enter into a process by which they effectuate a conversation, at once correlative and critical, between

  18. Repliek op Van der Watt se artikel oor ‘Intertekstualiteit en oorinterpretasie: Verwysings na Genesis 28:12 in Johannes 1:51?’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hennie F. Stander

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A response to Van der Watt’s article on ‘Intertextuality and over-interpretation: References to Genesis 28:12 in John 1:51?’ This article is a response to an article of Van der Watt titled ‘Intertextuality and over-interpretation: References to Genesis 28:12 in John 1:51?’ (2016. He states in this article that his aim is ‘to illustrate the dangers of over-interpretation when dealing with intertextual relations between texts, especially when allusion is assumed’. He then gives a brief survey of different interpretations of John 1:51. Van der Watt shows in his article how theologians use themes from Genesis 28:12 (like the ladder, Jacob or Bethel, which are not mentioned in John 1:51 in their expositions of John 1:51. Van der Watt regards some of these expositions as examples of over-interpretation. The aim of my article is to show how Church Fathers interpreted Genesis 28:12 and John 1:51. I show in my article that the Church Fathers saw several parallels between these two sections from the Bible. Furthermore, I suggest that the early theologians’ interpretations formed a tradition that probably influenced modern interpreters of the Bible. I also discuss the role of typology in the history of interpretation, specifically also in the case of Genesis 28:12 and John 1:51. I then argue that it is perhaps not so far-fetched to see an intertextual relation between Genesis 28:12 and John 1:51.

  19. The effects of a combined resisted jump training and rugby-conditioning program on selected physical, motor ability and anthropometric components of rugby players / Jacobus Johannes Oosthuizen

    OpenAIRE

    Oosthuizen, Jacobus Johannes

    2013-01-01

    Plyometrics is primarily used by coaches and sport scientists to improve explosive power among athletes who participate in dynamic, high intensity type of sports. One of the plyometric-related training methods that has received attention in recent years, is loaded or resistance (resistive) jump training. Limited research does, however, exist with regard to the benefits and use of this training method as well as in conjunction with other training methods, especially among team spor...

  20. Occupational health risk assessment : overview, model and guide for the South African mining industry towards a holistic solution / Casper Johannes Badenhorst

    OpenAIRE

    Badenhorst, Casper Johannes

    2006-01-01

    In the South African Mining Industry the Legislator has recognised the need to identify health hazards associated with any workplace or process and to assess ,the associated risks (Leon, 1994). Neither the Mine Health and Safety Act (29/1996) and its Regulations, nor the Occupational Health and Safety Act (85/1993) and its Regulations, prescribe a specific format for the systematic and holistic approach to conduct occupational health risk assessments, but do prescribe some crit...

  1. Der Tod des Papstes Johannes Paul II. – ein wissenschaftlicher Vergleich von journalistischen Reaktionen auf den Tod des Papstes in Deutschland und in Polen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Nadskakuła ‑Kaczmarczyk

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the reactions of the Polish and German press to the death of Pope John Paul II, compare and analyze them. This approach allows to understand the differences between Polish and German perception of religion, particularly Christianity and the Catholic Church. Poland and Germany have different religious traditions, a different relationship to the church and to church dogma, rituals and piety. This may be observed as the different ways of looking at the death of Pope John Paul II in Polish and German newspapers. Probably these perceptual differences ensued from the paternal figure of the John Paul II and special emotional Polish attitude to the deceased Polish Pope.

  2. Meike Sophia Baader, Johannes Bilstein, Toni Tholen (Hg.: Erziehung, Bildung und Geschlecht. Männlichkeiten im Fokus der Gender-Studies. Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Maria Zimmermann

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Männerforschung ist innerhalb der Gender Studies eine recht junge, aber in den letzten Jahren gleichwohl verstärkt ernstzunehmende Disziplin auch in Deutschland. Der vorliegende Sammelband gewährt einen Einblick in gegenwärtige Forschungen zu Männlichkeitskonstruktionen und -strategien in Bildung und Gesellschaft. Es wird aufgezeigt, wie vielfältig, kritisch und aktuell die Männerforschung jenseits von politischer Vereinnahmung ist. Gleichwohl wird auch ersichtlich, wie viel ‚Nachholbedarf‘ es noch in der deutschsprachigen Forschung gibt.Men’s studies is still a rather young discipline, yet nevertheless has become increasingly serious in recent years, even in Germany. The anthology at hand offers insights into current research on constructions and strategies of masculinity in education and society. It shows how diverse, critical, and topical men’s studies can be beyond political monopolization. At the same time, however, it also shows how much ‘catching up’ still needs to be done in German-language research.

  3. 'n Evaluering van die effektiwiteit van stresinokulasie-opleiding as intervensie vir angs en coping by graad 12-leerders / Johannes Bernardus van Aardt

    OpenAIRE

    Van Aardt, Johannes Bernardus

    2006-01-01

    Society is a natural source of anxiety. Learners from different communities are grouped together in a school environment and as the circumstances of individual learners are different, the causes of anxiety will also differ. Within the school environment the teacher can be regarded as the natural manager in the learners development to cope with anxiety. Situations leading to abnormally high levels of anxiety may include, among others, environmental and social factors. As learner...

  4. Der "Patriotismus" des Aufklärungszeitalters in den baltischen Provinzen des Russischen Imperiums / Michael Schippan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schippan, Michael, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Patriotismi mõiste käsitlemisest 18. sajandi teise poole saksa ja baltisaksa publitsistikas. 18. sajandi teise poole valgustuslikest ideedest mõjustatud baltisaksa publitsistidest - Johann Gottfried Herderist, Johann Georg Hamannist, Johann Christoph Berensist, Johann Georg Eisenist, Gotthard Friedrich Stenderist ja Jakob Heinrich von Lilienfeldist

  5. Publication of Renaissance architectural treatises in the Soviet Union in the 1930s: Alexander Gabrichevsky's contribution to the theory and history of architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadejda Podzemskaia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available : In just a couple of years in the second half of the 1930s, a considerable corpus of architectural treatises, mostly written in the Renaissance, was translated and published with detailed commentaries in the USSR. This great publishing program was conceived of as part of a new system of architectural training. This article formulates the question of the historical and cultural significance of this publishing project in the wider artistic and political context of the 1920s and 1930s. In discussions about the destiny of classical heritage, two majors tendencies, constructivism, represented by Moisei Ginzburg, and classicism, advocated by Ivan Zholtovsky, show not only their differences, but also their shared positions, such as the criticism of eclecticism. The paper concentrates on the collaboration between Zholtovsky and the art historian and theorist Aleksandr Gabrichevsky. This was a true meeting of minds based on profound mutual understanding and common basic notions of art (such as the ambiguous concept of 'classical art’. Because of the language barrier, Gabrichevsky and his works have remained little known to scholars who work in West-European languages. A disciple of Paul Frankl, during the 1920s he researched the problems of space and time in a broader theoretical and philosophical context at the GAKhN. His main work of the time, The Morphology of Art, demonstrates influences of Friedrich Schelling, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Henri Bergson and, above all, Georg Simmel. This work could not have been completed nor published at the time. Its recent publication revealed the profound philosophical foundations of Gabrichevsky’s studies of architecture as well as of the project of publishing Renaissance architectural treatises that he organized.

  6. A translational study "case report" on the small molecule "energy blocker" 3-bromopyruvate (3BP) as a potent anticancer agent: from bench side to bedside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Y H; Verhoeven, H A; Lee, M J; Corbin, D J; Vogl, T J; Pedersen, P L

    2012-02-01

    The small alkylating molecule, 3-bromopyruvate (3BP), is a potent and specific anticancer agent. 3BP is different in its action from most currently available chemo-drugs. Thus, 3BP targets cancer cells' energy metabolism, both its high glycolysis ("Warburg Effect") and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. This inhibits/ blocks total energy production leading to a depletion of energy reserves. Moreover, 3BP as an "Energy Blocker", is very rapid in killing such cells. This is in sharp contrast to most commonly used anticancer agents that usually take longer to show a noticeable effect. In addition, 3BP at its effective concentrations that kill cancer cells has little or no effect on normal cells. Therefore, 3BP can be considered a member, perhaps one of the first, of a new class of anticancer agents. Following 3BP's discovery as a novel anticancer agent in vitro in the Year 2000 (Published in Ko et al. Can Lett 173:83-91, 2001), and also as a highly effective and rapid anticancer agent in vivo shortly thereafter (Ko et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 324:269-275, 2004), its efficacy as a potent anticancer agent in humans was demonstrated. Here, based on translational research, we report results of a case study in a young adult cancer patient with fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, a bench side discovery in the Department of Biological Chemistry at Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine was taken effectively to bedside treatment at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt/Main Hospital, Germany. The results obtained hold promise for 3BP as a future cancer therapeutic without apparent cyto-toxicity when formulated properly.

  7. Fernando Pessoa, herdeiro do mundo mágico. As raízes ocultas da poética pessoana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Catania Marrone

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2176-8552.2016n20p65 Se é verdade que a Modernidade representa, na opinião de muitos, o triunfo do progresso científico e da razão, é também verdade que nos seus fundamentos se encontra uma visão mágica e irracional do mundo, de maneira alguma desaparecida da nossa cultura. O presente artigo divide-se em uma introdução às raízes ocultas da época moderna, nas suas facetas artísticas, filosóficas e literárias, em seguida focando a atenção na figura de Fernando Pessoa. O poeta português, de facto, é herdeiro direto de uma antiga Weltanschauung mágica, que passa por Marsílio Ficino e Giordano Bruno, mas também por Johann Wolfang Von Goethe e por Isaac Newton, para chegar a poetas modernos como William Butler Yeats e Thomas Stearns Elliot, mas também ao próprio Pessoa. A paixão do poeta pela astrologia, pela filosofia hermética e pelo ocultismo não era apenas um passatempo, mas uma verdadeira chave de leitura para compreender o mundo, interpretá-lo e reelaborá-lo através da criação poética.

  8. Himmelsblau. Bemerkungen zum Thema „Farben“ in Humboldts Alterswerk Kosmos. Entwurf einer physischen Weltbeschreibung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Articel in German, Abstracts in English and German.For the greater part of his life, Alexander von Humboldt was interested in colour phenomena which he observed in nature. These observations led him to do research into phenomena such as the blue colour of the sky, enigmatic dust and hail, and the colour of plants. Humboldt corresponded with many scientists about the connection between sunlight and the creation of colours, about coloured shadows, the Blue Cave in Capri, the colour of stars, plants etc. Claude-Louis Berthollet developed a model for the composition of a blue colour (Indigo, a technology which was of great importance to the textile industry.The present paper focuses on Humboldt’s interest in the blue colour of the sky, which he shared with artists, writers and scientists like Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Christian Gottfried Lichtenberg, Caspar David Friedrich and Horace Bénédict de Saussure. During his travels in South America, Humboldt used Saussure’s cyanometer to determine the intensity of the blue colour of the sky. Later he corresponded about this instrument with his friend François Arago who had invented a cyanometer based on chromatic polarisation. While Humboldt was working on his “Cosmos”, Arago explained to his friend the latest results in physics, especially in polarography. Towards the end of his life, Humboldt corresponded with the painter J. G. Schall and admitted that he had somewhat lost his interest in the physical explanation of the blue colour of the sky.

  9. On the playful use of digital media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cermak, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath. On the playful use of digital media. Invited article (formatted as an interview). In: Goethe-Institut, Brasil. Games of the South, 2016. Available online, https://www.goethe.de/ins/br/en/kul/sup/sds/sud/20824177.html.......Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath. On the playful use of digital media. Invited article (formatted as an interview). In: Goethe-Institut, Brasil. Games of the South, 2016. Available online, https://www.goethe.de/ins/br/en/kul/sup/sds/sud/20824177.html....

  10. Loomulik ja loominguline koostööprojekt "Ruhrpott" : Ruhri katel / Heli Meisterson ; interv. R[eet] V[arblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meisterson, Heli

    2007-01-01

    Goethe Instituudi kultuuriprogrammide referent Heli Meisterson Nordrhein-Westfaleni Liidumaa kultuurifestifalist "Ruhrpott" Eestis, programmist. 2006. a. eelnenud Baltimaade kultuurifestivali "scene nrw" kava koostamisest

  11. Brottse otpravljajetsja v put / Iosef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Iosef

    2007-01-01

    Raimo Pullati koostatud kogumiku "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica" esitlustest Euroopa maades. Album sisaldab Johann Christoph Brotze kirjeldusi, akvarelle ning joonistusi 18. sajandi Eesti elu-olust. Raamat valmis Eesti, Läti ja Saksamaa spetsialistide koostöös

  12. Josquin og stemmernes klang. Et forslag om analyse af vokal instrumentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter Woetmann

    2002-01-01

    Vokalmusik, instrumentation, klang, klangmusik, Josquin Desprez, Antoine Brumel, Johannes Ockeghem, Guillaume Du Fay, messe, contrapunctus......Vokalmusik, instrumentation, klang, klangmusik, Josquin Desprez, Antoine Brumel, Johannes Ockeghem, Guillaume Du Fay, messe, contrapunctus...

  13. Ristipoja mälestusi / Reino Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Reino

    2005-01-01

    Reino Sepa mälestusi Johannes Aavikust. Katkendid on võetud tema varem ilmunud artiklist "Mälestusi ja mõteid Johannes Aavikust", mis ilmus 1991. aastal ajalehe Meie Maa väljaandes "Minu Saaremaa"

  14. Läänemaa muuseum avas J. C. Brotze näituse / Kaie Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kaie

    2009-01-01

    13. jaanuaril 2008 Läänemaa Muuseumis avatud Johann Christoph Brotze käsikirjade näitusel esitleti raamatut "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica". Brotze joonistuste näitus on avatud 28. veebruarini

  15. Tartu Jaani kiriku terrakotaskulptuurid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    10 fotot Kaur Alttoalt. Maarja võidukaare kohalt, Mooses, eestpalujad Maarja ja Ristija Johannes peaportaalilt, arvatav evangelist Johannes, portree peadefriisilt, daam tanuga, skulptuurid kesklöövi lõunaseinal, torni poolfiguur

  16. Et kritisk blik på Marx og poesien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredsdorff, Nils

    2005-01-01

    En undersøglse af Karl Marx' historiefilosofi, delvis med afsæt i et af Marx brugt digt af Goethe.......En undersøglse af Karl Marx' historiefilosofi, delvis med afsæt i et af Marx brugt digt af Goethe....

  17. Mitochondrial Permeability Transition in Pathogenesis of Hemorrhagic Injury: Targeted Therapy with Minocycline

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Charleston, SC 29425, USA 2 Department ofTrauma Surgery, ]. W. Goethe University, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 3 Department of Biochemistry... Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 3 Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, MSC

  18. Differences in serum zinc levels in acutely ill and remitted adolescents and young adults with bulimia nervosa in comparison with healthy controls – a cross-sectional pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zepf FD

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Florian D Zepf,1,2 Pradeep Rao,1,3 Kevin Runions,3,4 Richard M Stewart,1 Julia K Moore,1,5 Janice WY Wong,1,4 Maike Linden,1,2,6 Idil Sungurtekin,7 Franziska Glass,8 Linda Gut,8 Dirk Peetz,9,10 Gudrun Hintereder,11 Michael Schaab,12 Fritz Poustka,8 Lars Wöckel8,13 1Centre and Discipline of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Western Australia, 2Specialised Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS, Department of Health in Western Australia, 3Community Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Department of Health in Western Australia, 4Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, 5Paediatric Consultation-Liaison Program, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Department of Health in Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia; 6Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, 7Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, 8Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, 9Institute of Laboratory Medicine, HELIOS Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Berlin, 10Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, 11Department of Laboratory Medicine, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, 12Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; 13Center of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Clienia Littenheid AG, Littenheid, Switzerland Background: Research has implicated that changes in zinc (Zn metabolism may be associated with the biological underpinnings of eating disorders, in particular anorexia nervosa. However, to date research on the role of Zn in patients with bulimia nervosa (BN is scarce.Objective: We aimed to explore serum Zn

  19. Vares ja kana : [valmid] / Ivan Krõlov ; tlk. Eduard Kansa, Mart Raud, Timotheos Kuusik, Johannes Semper, G. Õis, Arnold Tulik, Oskar Urgart, Jaan Kärner, Jakob Tamm, Erni Hiir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krõlov, Ivan, 1768(1769)-1844

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Vares ja Kana ; Moosekandid ; Vares ja Rebane ; Konn ja Härg ; Pirtsakas Näitsik ; Oraakel ; Rukkilill ; Tuli ja Metsatukk ; Hunt ja Talleke ; Pärdik ja Prillid ; Ahvid ; Tihane ; Eesel ; Kotkas ja Kanad ; Võimumees ja Mõttetark ; Koerte sõprus ; Kasujaotus ; Vaat ; Kvartett ; Teekäijad ja Koerad ; Hunt penilas ; Oja ; Rebane ja Mäger ; Rohutirts ja Sipelgas ; Luiskaja ; Kukk ja Pärlitera ; Jänes jahil ; Hunt ja Kägu ; Haug ja Kass ; Peremees ja Sulane ; Voor ; Elevant maavalitsejaks ; Eesel ja Ööbik ; Külamehe kimbatus ; Elevant ja Mops ; Hunt ja tema Kutsikas ; Kass ja Kokk ; Lõvi ja Sääsk ; Aednik ja Filosoof ; Haned ; Siga ; Vanamees ja kolm noorukit ; Kotkas ja Ämblik ; Lehed ja Juured ; Hunt ja Rebane ; Lohe ; Rästas ; Mehhaanik ; Trishka satter ; Tiik ja Jõgi ; Luik, Haug ja Vähk ; Erak ja Karu ; Mesilane ja Kärbsed ; Lõvi jahisaak ; Talupojad ja Jõgi ; Lilled ; Uudishimulik ; Kaastundlik Rebane ; Kogukonna koosolek ; Demjani kalasupp ; Tihane ja Tuvi ; Hiir ja Rott ; Peegel ja Ahv ; Sääsk ja Karjane ; Talupoeg ja Surm ; Hunt ja Karjased ; Lõvi ja Rebane ; Kamm ; Hunt ja Kurg ; Pilv ; Poiss ja Siug ; Maamees ja Siug ; Kägu ja Tuvike ; Kaks Vaati ; Töökas Karu ; Rebane ja Viinamarjad ; Karu võrgus ; Kirjamees ja Röövel ; Mölder ; Siga Tamme all ; Kärbes ja Mesilane ; Ämblik ja Mesilane ; Rebane ja Eesel ; Siug ja Talleke ; Ööbikud ; Peremes ja Lammas ; Kaks Külameest ; Kaks Koera ; Kass ja Ööbik ; Kalade tants ; Haug ; Habemenoad ; Hiired ; Hunt ja Kass ; Karjane ; Orav ; Damaskuse mõõk ; Koer ja Hobune ; Rebane ; Hundid ja Lambad ; Kägu ja Kukk

  20. State sovereignty vs. Refugees resilience: Repatriation, Securitization and transnationalism in Dadaab in eds Michael Owiso, Leah Kimathi and Johannes Schmidt "REFUGEES AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE HORN & EASTERN AFRICA: CRISES, TRENDS AND DYNAMICS, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES AND CONUNDRUMS"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2018-01-01

    This paper understands state efforts in pursuing legitimate sovereignty and security concerns, but also adds the efforts of humanitarian organizations and refugee responses into the analysis. With observations and responses from refugees in East Africa, this paper complements earlier studies...

  1. The Fardle of Facions : conteining the aunciente maners, customes and lawes, of the peoples enhabiting the two partes of the earth, called Affricke and Asie / Johannes Boemus; translated by William Waterman

    Trove (Australia)

    Boemus, Joannes, ca. 1485-1535

    2004-01-01

    ... and the maners of the Medes Of Parthia and the maner of the Parthians Of Persia and the maners and ordinaunces of the Persians Of Ynde and the vncouthe trades and maners of life of the people therein ...

  2. ‘Introduction. Le mythe winckelmannien’ and ‘Première partie. Le culte du livre’ from Johann Joachim Winckelmann: Enquête sur la genèse de l'histoire de l'art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Décultot

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available For his friends and for himself, Winckelmann likes to divide his life in two quite distinct periods: the German one at first, which unfolds in dark libraries, and then the Italian one, lived in the light of Rome’s art collections. In this construct, the Italian phase stands in contrast to the German one as sensible knowledge does to bookish learning. This dichotomy, which was stylized by Winckelmann himself, then picked up again by his biographers and interpreters, is doubly beneficial for him. It allows him first, in the order of autobiography, to set himself up as the hero of a dynamic tale marked by a strong existential split. In moving from Germany to Rome, Winckelmann could be seen to have lifted himself from the dead universe of books to the tangible reality of stone statues. But it allows him too to position himself as the founder of a new field of study: art history. With his Geschichte der Kunst des Altherthums (1764, written in Rome, the historical discourse about art, which — according to Winckelmann — up to then has rested on ancient texts, begins to rely on the sensible observation of works of art.An attentive reader, however, shouldn’t be content with such a construct. The use of books plays a much more complex role in Winckelmann’s life than what the Roman Winckelmann cares to admit. What, then, is the role of reading in Winckelmann’s work? What is the role of the book in the German and Italian phase of its development? An unusually rich archival collection is available to answer these questions: his notebooks of excerpts. Starting in his student years, Winckelmann developed the habit of recording entire text passages he read and thus constituting a portable handwritten library, which never left him. The result of this meticulous compilation work appears on approximately 7500 pages covered with fine, narrow handwriting, mostly preserved at the manuscript department of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, in Paris. This tremendous collection raises many questions, on which the present book focuses :I. How did Winckelmann’s reading activity develop?II. How does this reading activity fit within the wider context of the scholarly tradition?III. What was its effect on the written composition of Winckelmann’s work, which is to say, its style, its structure and its theoretical content?

  3. Textkritische Edition der Übersetzung des Psalters in die Litauische Sprache von Johannes Bretke, Pastor zu Labiau und Königsberg i. Pr., nach der Handschrift aus dem Jahre 1580 [...

    OpenAIRE

    Gelumbeckaitė, Jolanta

    2003-01-01

    The review discusses the historical critical edition of the Psalm Book translated into Lithuanian by Jonas Bretkūnas in 1580 prepared by Friedrich Scholz, Professor Emeritus at Münster University. This is the first textologically diplomatically in corpore published volume of the Bible manuscript by Bretkūnas (1579–1590) and the first critical edition of the 16th c. Lithuanian manuscript text. The critical edition of the Psalm Book is part of a large Bretkūnas’ Bible publishing project, consis...

  4. [Medical publications within private libraries of the European enlightenment. About the medically learned German novelist Johann Gottwerth Müller (1743-1828) and his stock of medical books].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Alexander

    2004-01-01

    The German novelist J. G. Müller is one of the popular writers of the late 18th century. The encyclopaedically educated scholar, from his point of view, is obliged to support publicly the welfare of state and society. Although Müller studied medicine he did not practise making his living from his novels which dealt critically with absolutist society. Medical studies and serious illness caused a lifelong interest in medical affairs ranging from the treatment of patients, the organisation of healthcare, the distribution of medicines, charlatanism, to everybody's responsibility for health. For him the syndrome of health/illness/medical science became part of the general status of science and a metaphor for the present and future conditions of class society. This engagement led to the compliation of approximately 280 medical books as part of his library which contained more than 13,000 volumes documented in the catalogue printed for public sale in 1829: "Verzeichnib der von dem Herrn Dr. Ph. Joh. Gottw. Müller in Itzehoe hinterlassenen Bibliothek, [...]/Contents of Joh. Gottw. Müller, Ph.D., library left behind in Itzehoe [...]."The essay comprises an introduction to Müller's collection of medical books and a complete bibliographical documentation. His books cover the medical discourse from the 17th to early 19th century focusing on publications of the 18th century. They offer information on medical bibliographies, catalogues, biographies, history of medical science, reference, specific publications on a large variety of actual topics such as medical science, treatment, politics, appliances, and social as well as hygienic questions. This stock of publications reveals itself as an additional source for an understanding of book-collecting in the 18th century, the history of privately organised medical libraries, and the discourse of medical science and treatment at a time of transition from a humoral-pathological to a firmer understanding of pathological concepts around 1800.

  5. [A creator of modern surgery--Johann von Mikulicz-Radecki and contemporary ophthalmologists at the University of Wroclaw at the turn of the 19th-20th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizankowska, Maria Hanna; Kalinowska, Joanna; Pacan, Anna

    2005-01-01

    The authors present the history of the life and achievements of Jan Mikulicz-Radecki as the creator of modern surgery and his own school of surgery, especially during his work at the Wroclaw University in 1890-1905 years. The contemporary ophthalmologists as Richard Foerster, Hermann Ludwig Cohn, Wilhelm Uhthoff and theirs famous coworkers are also presented.

  6. EFP1 is an ER stress-induced glycoprotein which interacts with the pro-apoptotic protein Par-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Appel

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Sarah Appel1,2,6, Susanne Vetterkind1,2,6, Ansgar Koplin1,3, Barbara Maertens1,4, Meike Boosen1,5, Ute Preuss11The Institute of Genetics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; 2Department of Health Sciences, Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA; 3Center for Molecular Biology Heidelberg (ZMBH, Heidelberg, Germany; 4Institute of Biochemistry II, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; 5Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University Hospital of Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 6These authors contributed equally to this work.Abstract: We have isolated the rat ortholog of EFP1 (EF-hand binding protein 1 as a novel interaction partner of the pro-apoptotic protein Par-4 (prostate apoptosis response-4. Rat EFP1 contains two thioredoxin domains, the COOH-terminal one harboring a CGFC motif, and has a similar protein domain structure as members of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI family. In REF52.2 and CHO cells, EFP1 colocalized with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER marker PDI. Furthermore, EFP1 possesses catalytic activity as demonstrated by an insulin disulfide reduction assay. Western blot analysis revealed two EFP1 protein bands of approximately 136 and 155 kDa, representing different glycosylation states of the protein. Complex formation between EFP1 and Par-4 was confirmed in vitro and in vivo by co-immunoprecipitation, dot blot overlay and pull-down experiments. In CHO cells, coexpression of EFP1 and Par-4 resulted in enhanced Par-4-mediated apoptosis, which required the catalytic activity of EFP1. Interestingly, EFP1 was specifically upregulated in NIH3T3 cells after induction of ER stress by thapsigargin, tunicamycin, and brefeldin A, but not by agents that induce oxidative stress or ER-independent apoptosis. Furthermore, we could show that the induction of apoptosis by Ca2+ stress-inducing agents was significantly decreased after si

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.F. Wertheim

    1975-04-01

    Full Text Available - W.A.L. Stokhof, N.F. Alieva, Grammatika Indonezijskogo jazyka [Grammar of the Indonesian Language]. Akademija Nauk SSSR, Institut Vostokovedenija [USR Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oriental Studies]. Moskva 1972, 463 pp., V.D. Arakin, A.K. Ogloblin (eds. - J. Ensink, C. Hooykaas, Balinese Bauddha Brahmans. North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, London 1973. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, afd. Letterkunde. Nieuwe Reeks, deel 80. 8*, 251 pp., 8 photographs, 73 pp. of drawings, 2 folding tables. - R. Roolvink, Ernst Ulrich Kratz, Peringatan sejarah negeri Johor, Eine malaiische Quelle zur Geschichte Johors im 18. Jahrhundert. Veröffentlichungen des Ostasiatischen Seminars der Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe Universität, Fraknfurt/Main. Reihe A: Südostasienkunde, Band 3. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1973. VIII, 171 pp. 2 Maps. - A. Teeuw, Abdullah Hassan, The morphology of Malay. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1974, XIX, 242 pp. - C.H. van Nieuwenhuijsen-Riedeman, J. Boelaars, Mandobo’s tussen de Digoel en de Kao. Bijdragen tot een etnografie. Van Gorcum & Comp., Assen 1970. 260 p. - Anton Ploeg, S. Hylkema, Mannen in het draagnet. Mens- en wereldbeeld van de Nalum (Sterrengebergte. Introduced by J. van Baal. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, no 67. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1974. xvi + 479 pp., maps, plates, indexes. - Hetty Nooy-Palm, Garrett Solyom, Textiles of the Indonesian Archipelago. Asian Studies at Hawaii; no 10. The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu 1973, IX and 51 pp., map, 32 plates in colour and black and white., Bronwen Solyom (eds. - A. Veldhuisen-Djajasoebrata, Amin Sweeney, The Ramayana and the Malay Shadow-Play. The National University of Malaysia Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1972. 464 pp. Figs. - Michael van Langenberg, Oey Hong Lee, Indonesian Government and press during guided democracy. Hull Monographs on South-East Asia, No. 4

  8. PREFACE: XXVIII International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Guoqing; Cai, Xiaohong; Ding, Dajun; Ma, Xinwen; Zhao, Yongtao

    2014-04-01

    The 28th International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions (XXVIII ICPEAC) was held by the Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMP) on 24-30 July, 2013 in Lanzhou, China. The 444 conference participants came from 37 countries and/or regions. Five plenary lectures, more than 80 progress reports and special reports had been arranged according to the decision of the ICPEAC International General Committee. Meanwhile, more than 650 abstracts were selected as poster presentations. Before the conference, three highly distinguished scientists, Professor Joachim Burgdöorfer, Professor Hossein Sadeghpour and Professor Yasunori Yamazaki, presented tutorial lectures with the support of the IMP Branch of Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS (IMP-YIPA). During the conference, Professor Jianwei Pan from University of Sciences and Technology in China presented an enlightening public lecture on quantum communication. Furthermore, 2013 IUPAP Young Scientist Prize was awarded to Dr T Jahnke from Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Germany. The Sheldon Datz Prize for an Outstanding Young Scientist Attending ICPEAC was awarded to Dr Diogo Almeida from University of Fribourg of Switzerland. As a biannual academic conference, ICPEAC is one of the most important international conferences on atomic and molecular physics. The topic of the conference covers the recent progresses in photonic, electronic, atomic, ionic, molecular, cluster collisions with matter. With a history back to 1958, ICPEAC came to China for the very first time. IMP has been preparing the conference six years before, ever since the ICPEAC International General Committee made the decision to hold the XXVIII ICPEAC in Lanzhou. This proceedings includes the papers of the two plenary lectures, 40 progress reports, 17 special reports and 337 posters, which were reviewed and revised according to the comments of the referees. The Local Organizing Committee would like to

  9. Justification of disintegration testing beyond current FDA criteria using in vitro and in silico models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uebbing L

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Lukas Uebbing,1,2,* Lukas Klumpp,1,3,* Gregory K Webster,4 Raimar Löbenberg1 1Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Katz Group-Rexall Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; 2Institute of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, 3Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 4Global Research and Development, AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Drug product performance testing is an important part of quality-by-design approaches, but this process often lacks the underlying mechanistic understanding of the complex interactions between the disintegration and dissolution processes involved. Whereas a recent draft guideline by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA has allowed the replacement of dissolution testing with disintegration testing, the mentioned criteria are not globally accepted. This study provides scientific justification for using disintegration testing rather than dissolution testing as a quality control method for certain immediate release (IR formulations. A mechanistic approach, which is beyond the current FDA criteria, is presented. Dissolution testing via United States Pharmacopeial Convention Apparatus II at various paddle speeds was performed for immediate and extended release formulations of metronidazole. Dissolution profile fitting via DDSolver and dissolution profile predictions via DDDPlus™ were performed. The results showed that Fickian diffusion and drug particle properties (DPP were responsible for the dissolution of the IR tablets, and that formulation factors (eg, coning impacted dissolution only at lower rotation speeds. Dissolution was completely formulation controlled if extended release tablets were tested and DPP were not important. To demonstrate that disintegration is the most important dosage form attribute when dissolution is

  10. THE ANALYSIS OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristea Anca Maria

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investments are one of the most attractive business opportunities in the context of the contemporary economy, generally marked by economic recession and especially by monetary and financial instability. Last years international reporting concluded that deepening the global economic crisis determined an increase of the real estate request, while despite all expectations one did not assist a crash of the prices. Economic reality showed that real estate assets value (buildings, land kept proportions with economic reality over time. A comparison between stock exchange market and the real estate market shows that while an movables investor (investments in stocks, bonds or life insurance might lose completely his initial investment, the investments in real estate assets, such as buildings, would keep their quality as goods and would also keep a value to better resist shocks and thus allowing an increase of the capital. When appreciating the value of an investment the first things to analyze are the return, liquidity and risk criteria, which are essential in real estate investments too. Stimulating real estate market must be not only a wish but also a reality of global economy, since it can correct many of the aggregated indicators of a country. Containing scientifically detached from economic practice, this article is addressed to readers with interests in real estate investment. The language is usually referred particularly to the qualitative side of the real estate market approach. The feasibility of the real estate investments is being conditioned by their capacity to generate important profits, on the background of the reduction of the duration of recovery of their value. The economic instability from the last couple of years has generated fears and failures but, paraphrasing Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, courage is a mixture of genius, magic and power that helps us succeed in everything we set our mind to. The investments on the real

  11. Practical experience in post-mortem tissue donation in consideration of the European tissue law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbe, Thomas; Braun, Christian; Wulff, Birgit; Schröder, Ann Sophie; Püschel, Klaus; Bratzke, Hansjürgen; Parzeller, Markus

    2010-03-01

    In consequence of the European guidelines of safety and quality standards for the donation, retrieval, storing and distribution of human tissues and cells the purpose of tissue transplantation was implemented into German legislation in May 2007. The law came into effect on August 1st 2007 considering of the European rules. The Institutes for Legal Medicine of the University of Frankfurt/Main and the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf developed a model for tissue retrieval. The Institute of Legal Medicine (I.f.R.) at the University Medical Center Hamburg cooperates with the German Institute of Cell and Tissue Replacement (Deutsches Institut für Zell--und Gewebeersatz DIZG). Potential post-mortem tissue donors (PMTD) among the deceased are selected by standardized sets of defined criteria. The procedure is guided by the intended exclusion criteria of the tissue regulation draft (German Transplant Law TPG GewV) in accordance with the European Guideline (2006/17/EC). Following the identification of the donor and subsequent removal of tissue, the retrieved samples were sent to the DIZG, a non-profit tissue bank according to the tissue regulation. Here the final processing into transplantable tissue grafts takes place, which then results in the allocation of tissue to hospitals in Germany and other European countries. The Center of Legal Medicine at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Medical Center Frankfurt/Main cooperates since 2000 with Tutogen, a pharmaceutical company. Harvesting of musculoskeletal tissues follows corresponding regulations. To verify the outcome of PMTD at the I.f.R. Hamburg, two-statistic analysis over 12 and 4 months have been implemented. Our results have shown an increasing number of potential appropriate PMTD within the second inquiry interval but a relatively small and unvaryingly rate of successful post-mortem tissue retrievals similar to the first examination period. Thus, the aim of the model developed by the I.f.R. is to

  12. Entrevista com Axel Honneth - "As relações de trabalho no mundo atual"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Cristine Bevian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2016v13n2p165 O Instituto de Pesquisas Sociais (Institut für Sozialforschung foi fundado em 1923, como um anexo da Universidade de Frankfurt, hoje intitulada Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main. A Escola de Frankfurt, desde 1930, foi dirigida por Max Horkheimer, e reunia pensadores como Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, e, contou também como membro do "círculo de fora" do Instituto, Walter Benjamin. Estes intelectuais formularam, como sabemos, o que conhecemos como "Teoria Crítica". Nos anos sessenta, temos a "segunda geração", marcado pela obra de Jürgen Habermas. Aquele que foi seu assistente entre 1984 e 1990, Axel Honneth, veio a ser o Diretor do Instituto frankfurtiano desde 2001. Com ele inaugura-se a "terceira geração" da Escola, cuja proposta consiste em relançar a "Teoria Crítica", sobretudo a partir do livro Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte, de 1992 (publicado no Brasil como Luta por reconhecimento - A Gramática Moral dos Conflitos Sociais. Trad. Luiz Repa. São Paulo: Ed. 34, 2003, tendo como ponto de partida a Fenomenologia do Espírito de Hegel. Honneth centra sua reflexão na "teoria do reconhecimento" e, através dela, são apresentados os limites da obra das gerações de frankfurtianos anteriores.  A falta de reconhecimento passa a ser vista como base dos conflitos interpessoais, sociais e políticos na atualidade. Mais recentemente, Honneth publicou Das Recht der Freiheit (Berlin, Suhrkamp, 2011 - O direito à liberdade e Die Idee des Sozialismus (Berlin, Suhrkamp, 2015 - A ideia do socialismo, sustentando que o socialismo está vivo como ideia, e tem como cerne a liberdade social. Foi em 2014, no Instituto de Pesquisas Sociais de Frankfurt, que aconteceu o encontro e a entrevista com o Diretor do Instituto, Axel Honneth. O foco da breve entrevista, aqui apresentada no original alemão e em tradução portuguesa.

  13. the Rising Profile of Modern Nigerian Art

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    2011-01-18

    Jan 18, 2011 ... corruption and mismanagement in the nation, sale of art works was favoured .... from the 'windfall' revenue, from excess sales of Nigerian crude oil, during .... by the Goethe-institut On the Promotion of occasion of its silver.

  14. Three Models of Faust’s Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana V. Kiryanova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article examines three independent images of Faust, created during XVIII–XIX centuries by F. Klinger, I.F. Goethe and H. Heine and literary models, resulting from these images.

  15. Significance of MRI Perivascular Spaces in MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The role of perivascular Virchow-Robin spaces was investigated in 45 multiple sclerosis (MS patients and 30 healthy controls, in a study at Charite-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, and Goethe University, Frankfurt.

  16. Kulturen som krænkelsens virkelighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, Steen

    2006-01-01

    En analyse af forholdet mellem natur og kultur i relation til en opfattelse af kultur, som har sin oprindelse i Cicero, og som har sin genklang i moderne tænkere som Goethe, Wittgenstein, Cavell og E. Wolfgang Orth.......En analyse af forholdet mellem natur og kultur i relation til en opfattelse af kultur, som har sin oprindelse i Cicero, og som har sin genklang i moderne tænkere som Goethe, Wittgenstein, Cavell og E. Wolfgang Orth....

  17. `That I may know the inmost force that binds the world and guides its course`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dehmelt, H. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1995-12-31

    The talk touches upon the following subjects: Goethe`s Faust, the magic of Democritus` `{alpha}{tau}{omicron}{mu}{omicron}{nu}`, magnetism of the neutron, a neutral particle, the crucial problem of physics, crucial experiments, seeing an atom with my eyes, bringing an electron to rest, measuring electron magnetism, proton magnetism, electron radius from its magnetism, speculating on Salam`s sub sub-...-quarks and the cosmon, the simplest thing that ever was 8 refs, 8 figs

  18. Revolutionen, moderniteten og de mulige genrer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Birgit

    2010-01-01

    Conversations of German Refugees (1795) and the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (1795-96). In his writings Goethe explored some of the crucial questions of the revolution, especially the possibility of self-determination and the relationship between individual and general history. The article...... shows that Goethe's use of literary genres (epic, novel, novella, drama and others) can be understood as experiments with various ways of conceiving subjectivity and history - and thereby also ways of dealing with the revolution and modernity in general....

  19. East Europe Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2101.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-28

    Sebastian Charlety: " Histoire du Saint-Simonisme (1825-1864)", Paris 1931, pp. 103-119. 40. Ibid., pp. 79-94. 41. Evidently Goethe had already planned...industrial and financial magnates? Indeed, they themselves, mired in the web of their own demagoguery, describe the efforts of the masses to live...In the brochure, Causes et consequences des evenements du mois du Juillet 1830 by Joseph Fievee, which Goethe reads on October 18 and 19, 1830,16

  20. Music

    OpenAIRE

    Deinert, Herbert

    2010-01-01

    The musical ending [of Goethe's Novelle] recalls the fascination with "music as metaphor", "the power of music", among recent and contemporary poets from Pope and Dryden and Collins to E.T.A. Hoffmann and Kleist and, of course to Goethe himself. Music saves Faust's life on Easter morning at the end of a dreadful night, and we'll encounter a similar role of music in his Trilogie der Leidenschaft which we'll read in this context.

  1. Vana praavusk Roth 225 / Milvi Hirvlaane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirvlaane, Milvi, 1936-

    2008-01-01

    Baltisaksa päritolu eesti vaimulikust, koolitegelasest ja luuletajast Johann Philipp von Rothist, tema osast Eesti kultuuriloos, võru keele arendamises, talurahvaseaduse ettevalmistamises ja paljus muus

  2. Täna ilmub Brotze suurteos Liivimaa õitsenguajast / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Eestis ilmus Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze (1742-1823) Liivimaa arhitektuuriobjekte, ajaloomuistisi, linnavaateid ja elu-olu kajastav raamat pealkirjaga "Estonica". Toimetaja ajaloolane Raimo Pullat

  3. Jüri Ratas: tasulise parkimise ala suurendamine probleeme ei tekita / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea tasulise parkimise ala laiendamisest Tallinna kesklinnas ja sellega kaasnevatest võimalikest probleemidest. Kommenteerib Johannes Pirita. Kaart. Lisa: Rahvaalgatus sõdib tasulise parkimisega

  4. Saarepaviljon ootab sünnipäevapidu : botaanikaaeda sirgus kuus sammast / Aime Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Aime, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli botaanikaaeda ehitati kuue sambaga pargipaviljon. Projekti koostas ARC Projekt. Tiigi teisel kaldal asub 1807. aastal arhitekt Johann Wilhelm Krause projekteeritud hoone. Kommenteerib Heiki Tamm

  5. Sub specie aeternitatis. Varauusaegne epitaafmaal Eesti luterlikus kirikus 16.-17. sajandil / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Eestimaise varauusaegse epitaafmaali kujunemisest luterliku kirikukunsti ja epitaafkunsti üldiste printsiipide taustal. Sepulkraalkunstist - hauamonument, hauaplaat, pilt- ja vappepitaaf, matuselipp. Arhiiviallikatele tuginedes on kindlaks tehtud ka kunagi eksisteerinud epitaafmaalide olemasolu. Pikemalt pastor Johann Hobingi portree-epitaafist, Dietrich Mölleri epitaafist ja ooberst Johann von Rechenbergi epitaafist Niguliste kirikus

  6. Eesti värsitoodang aastal 1932 / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kärner "Inimene ristteel", Henrik Visnapuu "Päike ja jõgi", Johannes Barbarus "E.V.-r", Johannes Schütz "Maha rahu!", Vilmar Adams "Maise matka poolel teel"

  7. Riia on Liivimaa akadeemia jaoks kohaseim ja sobivaim paik / Enn Küng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Küng, Enn, 1963-

    2010-01-01

    Esitatud on kaks dokumenti, kus Liivimaa kindralkuberner Jakob Johann Hastfer ja Liivimaa ülemkonsistooriumi juht Johann Fischer esitavad oma seisukohad ja nägemuse, kus peaks Tartu ülikool (Academia Gustaviana) pärast Vene-Rootsi sõda (1659-1661) taas tegutsemist alustama. Hastfer eelistas Riiat ja Fischer Pärnut. Lisatud autori kommentaar

  8. Eesti lüürika aastal 1936/ Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Johannes Semper "Tuuleratas", Johannes Barbarus "Memento", Hendrik Adamson "Mälestuste maja", Jaan Kärner "Sõna-süte", Juhan Sütiste "Sadamad ja saared", Betti Alver "Tolm ja tuli", August Sang "Üks noormees otsib õnne", Juhan Sinimäe "Isamaa"

  9. Rahvavalgustajad, teadlased, kirjanikud... / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    1980-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloost. Naabermaade kultuuriloosse oma tegevusega jälgi jätnud TÜ kasvandikest Georg Manzel (Mancelius), Christian Fürecker, Janis Reiters (Johannes Reuter), Olof (Olaus) Verelius, Isak Börk (Björk), Johannes Terserus, Abraham Thauvonius, Arvid Moller ja Petrus Schomerus

  10. Vene võim hävitas Kopli kalmistu / Robert Nerman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nerman, Robert, 1946-2015

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Kopli kalmistu ajaloost ja arhitektuuriajaloolisest väärtusest. Kabelite asendiplaani koostas 1774. a. arhitekt Johann Schultz. Tõenäoliselt kavandas Johann Schultz ka osa arvukatest kabelitest. Õigeusukalmistule rajati paekivist kabel arhitekt Aleksandr Vladovski projekti järgi

  11. 77 FR 27508 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Designation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ..., Themis Trading LLC, dated October 17, 2011 (``Themis Letter''); Garret Cook, dated November 4, 2011 (``Cook Letter''); James Johannes, dated November 27, 2011 (``Johannes Letter''); Ken Voorhies, dated...''); Thomas Dercks, dated December 1, 2011 (``Dercks Letter''); Eric Swanson, Secretary, BATS Global Markets...

  12. 77 FR 12629 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ..., Themis Trading LLC, dated October 17, 2011 (``Themis Letter''); Garret Cook, dated November 4, 2011 (``Cook Letter''); James Johannes, dated November 27, 2011 (``Johannes Letter''); Ken Voorhies, dated... (``UBS Letter''); Dr. Larry Paden, Bright Trading, dated December 1, 2011 (``Paden Letter''); Thomas...

  13. [Jean-Daniel Strub. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs.] / Andreas Pawlas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pawlas, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Strub, Jean-Daniel. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs. (Forum Systematik. beiträge zur Dogmatik, Ethik und ökumenischen Theologie, hg von Johannes Brosseder, Johannes Fischer und Joachim Track, Band 36), Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2010

  14. Ilves taunis jätkuvat klaperjahti ekskommunistidele, Rüütel õigustab ennast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Presidendikandidaat Toomas Hendrik Ilves tegi 5. septembril seoses Johannes Hindi kohtuasja käsitlemisega ajakirjanduses avalduse, milles ta ei kiida heaks platsipuhastamise üleskutseid. President Arnold Rüütel teatas ajakirjandusele saadetud avalduses, et tema tegevuse seostamine Johannes Hindi represseerimisega on täiesti alusetu

  15. Põltsamaa muuseumis avati esmakordselt rahvusvaheline näitus / Ülle Lätte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lätte, Ülle, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Põltsamaa linna muuseumis avati rahvusvaheline näitus "Johann Christoph Brotze joonistusi ja käsikirju Eesti- ja Liivimaast". Näituse korraldajateks on Läti akadeemiline raamatukogu, Läti Suursaatkond Tallinnas, Tallinna Ülikooli kunstide instituut ja Põltsamaa Muuseum. Suurteost "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica" esitles trükise vastutav toimetaja ajaloodoktor Raimo Pullat

  16. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. JOHANNES MANJREKAR. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 3 July 2017 pp 445-456 Review Article. Epigenetic inheritance, prions and evolution · JOHANNES MANJREKAR · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The field of epigenetics has grown explosively in the ...

  17. Käbini kunstikogu maal eemaldati oksjonilt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Galerii Rios toimunud kunstioksjonilt eemaldati kataloogis väljakuulutatud Johann Köleri maal 'Rannik Põhja-Eestis' (1869), mis pärines Johannes Käbini kogust. Kaheldi maali autentsuses, ekspertiisiks jäi vähe aega. Kommenteerib EKMi ekspert Mai Levin

  18. Eesti kalleim müügil maal on Vene kunstniku neli miljonit maksev teos / Nele Laanemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemäe, Nele

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna kunstisalongides olevatest hinnalistest kunstiteostest. Oma rariteete tutvustavad Shifara galerii president Shifara Hindrekson, galerii Rios omanik Elena Tsuhkna, Galerii 36 omanik Rita Parel, Allee Kunstisalongi omanik Juhan Kohal. Arkhip Kuindzhi, Johann Köleri, Tõnis Grenzsteini, Johannes Võerahansu väärtuslikest maalidest

  19. Pilkupüüdvad portreed / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2010-01-01

    Tutvustatakse järgmisi portreemaale: Johann Köler "Ella von Shultz-Adajewsky portree" (1868), Paul Raud "Autoportree kaabuga" (1900), Ants Laikmaa "Marie Underi portree" (1904), Adamson-Eric "Johannes Semperi portree" (1927), Nikolai Triik "Kunstnik Konrad Mäe portree" (1908)

  20. Sirbi sari kahe lugupeetud isanda võrra rikkam / Jaak Urmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urmet, Jaak, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Sarjas "Sirbi raamat" ilmusid Johannes Saare ja Ervin Õunapuu esseekogumikud: Õunapuu, Ervin. Öövöö ; déja-vu 1985-2004 ; Saar, Johannes. Päevast päeva : pildikesi ühe rahvusmütoloogia lagunemisest aastail 1993-2004 (Tallinn : Sihtasutus Kultuurileht Sirp, 2004)

  1. “Denervation” of autonomous nervous system in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension by low-dose radiation: a case report with an unexpected outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hohenforst-Schmidt W

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt,1 Paul Zarogoulidis,2 Filiz Oezkan,3 Christian Mahnkopf,4 Gerhard Grabenbauer,5 Alfons Kreczy,6 Rolf Bartunek,7 Kaid Darwiche,3 Lutz Freitag,3 Qiang Li,8 Haidong Huang,8 Thomas Vogl,9 Patrick LePilvert,10 Theodora Tsiouda,11 Kosmas Tsakiridis,12 Konstantinos Zarogoulidis,2 Johannes Brachmann11II Medical Clinic, Coburg Clinic, University of Würzburg, Coburg, Germany; 2Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, G Papanikolaou General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; 3Department of Interventional Pneumology, Ruhrlandklinik, West German Lung Center, University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; 4II Medizinische Klinik, Klinik für Kardiologie, Angiologie, Pneumologie, Klinikum Coburg, 5Department of Radiotherapy, 6Department of Pathology, Cytology and Molecular Diagnostics, 7Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Coburg Clinic, University of Wüerzburg, Coburg, Germany; 8Department of Respiratory Diseases, Changhai Hospital/First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 9Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 10Interventional Drug Delivery Systems and Strategies (ID2S2, Medical Cryogenics, Lakeland Court Jupiter, FL, USA; 11Internal Medicine Unit, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, 12Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Saint Luke Private Hospital, Thessaloniki, GreeceAbstract: Vasointestinal peptide metabolism plays a key physiological role in multimodular levels of vasodilatory, smooth muscle cell proliferative, parenchymal, and inflammatory lung reactions. In animal studies, vasointestinal peptide relaxes isolated pulmonary arterial segments from several mammalian species in vitro and neutralizes the pulmonary vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin. In some animal models, it reduces pulmonary vascular resistance in vivo and

  2. Architecture in motion: A model for music composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Variego, Jorge Elias

    2011-12-01

    Speculations regarding the relationship between music and architecture go back to the very origins of these disciplines. Throughout history, these links have always reaffirmed that music and architecture are analogous art forms that only diverge in their object of study. In the 1 st c. BCE Vitruvius conceived Architecture as "one of the most inclusive and universal human activities" where the architect should be educated in all the arts, having a vast knowledge in history, music and philosophy. In the 18th c., the German thinker Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, described Architecture as "frozen music". More recently, in the 20th c., Iannis Xenakis studied the similar structuring principles between Music and Architecture creating his own "models" of musical composition based on mathematical principles and geometric constructions. The goal of this document is to propose a compositional method that will function as a translator between the acoustical properties of a room and music, to facilitate the creation of musical works that will not only happen within an enclosed space but will also intentionally interact with the space. Acoustical measurements of rooms such as reverberation time, frequency response and volume will be measured and systematically organized in correspondence with orchestrational parameters. The musical compositions created after the proposed model are evocative of the spaces on which they are based. They are meant to be performed in any space, not exclusively in the one where the acoustical measurements were obtained. The visual component of architectural design is disregarded; the room is considered a musical instrument, with its particular sound qualities and resonances. Compositions using the proposed model will not result as sonified shapes, they will be musical works literally "tuned" to a specific space. This Architecture in motion is an attempt to adopt scientific research to the service of a creative activity and to let the aural properties of

  3. Transtracheal single-point stent fixation in posttracheotomy tracheomalacia under cone-beam computer tomography guidance by transmural suturing with the Berci needle – a perspective on a new tool to avoid stent migration of Dumon stents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hohenforst-Schmidt W

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt,1,9 Bernd Linsmeier,2 Paul Zarogoulidis,3 Lutz Freitag,4 Kaid Darwiche,4 Robert Browning,5 J Francis Turner,6 Haidong Huang,7 Qiang Li,7 Thomas Vogl,8 Konstantinos Zarogoulidis,3 Johannes Brachmann,9 Harald Rittger1 1Medical Clinic I, “Fuerth” Hospital, University of Erlangen, Fuerth, Germany; 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medinos Clinic Sonneberg, Sonnerberg, Germany; 3Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, “G. Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; 4Department of Interventional Pneumology, Ruhrlandklinik, University Hospital Essen, University of Essen-Duisburg, Tueschener Weg, Essen, Germany; 5Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Interventional Pulmonology, National Naval Medical Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA; 6Division of Interventional Pulmonology and Medical Oncology, Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Western Regional Medical Center, Goodyear, AZ, USA; 7Department of Respiratory Diseases Shanghai Hospital, II Military University Hospital, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 8Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 9II Medical Clinic, “Coburg” Hospital, University of Wuerzburg, Coburg, GermanyAbstract: Tracheomalacia or tracheobronchomalacia (TM or TBM is a common problem especially for elderly patients often unfit for surgical techniques. Several surgical or minimally invasive techniques have already been described. Stenting is one option but in general long-time stenting is accompanied by a high complication rate. Stent removal is more difficult in case of self-expandable nitinol stents or metallic stents in general in comparison to silicone stents. The main disadvantage of silicone stents in comparison to uncovered metallic stents is migration and plugging. We compared the operation time and in particular the duration of a sufficient Dumon stent

  4. Anticonvulsant effects of isomeric nonimidazole histamine H3 receptor antagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Ali Saad,1 Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Lilia Weizel,2 Miriam Walter,2 Holger Stark2,3 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Biocenter, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany; 3Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Phenytoin (PHT, valproic acid, and modern antiepileptic drugs (AEDs, eg, remacemide, loreclezole, and safinamide, are only effective within a maximum of 70%–80% of epileptic patients, and in many cases the clinical use of AEDs is restricted by their side effects. Therefore, a continuous need remains to discover innovative chemical entities for the development of active and safer AEDs. Ligands targeting central histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs for epilepsy might be a promising therapeutic approach. To determine the potential of H3Rs ligands as new AEDs, we recently reported that no anticonvulsant effects were observed for the (S-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropanamide (1. In continuation of our research, we asked whether anticonvulsant differences in activities will be observed for its R-enantiomer, namely, (R-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropaneamide (2 and analogs thereof, in maximum electroshock (MES-, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ-, and strychnine (STR-induced convulsion models in rats having PHT and valproic acid (VPA as reference AEDs. Unlike the S-enantiomer (1, the results show that animals pretreated intraperitoneally (ip with the R-enantiomer 2 (10 mg/kg were moderately protected in MES and STR induced models, whereas proconvulsant effect was observed for the same ligand in PTZ-induced convulsion models. However, animals pretreated with intraperitoneal doses of 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg of structurally bulkier (R-enantiomer (3

  5. [Proceedings of the VII international symposium 'Cultural heritage in geosciences, mining and metallurgy : libraries, archives, museums' : "Museums and their collections" held at the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Leiden (The Netherlands), 19-23 May, 2003 / Cor F. Winkler Prins and Stephen K. Donovan (editors)]: Johann Jacob Scheuchzer (1672-1733) und die Alpenerforschung in der Schweiz - aus den Beständen der Eisenbibliothek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouheiry, A.

    2004-01-01

    A short introduction provides some information about the Iron Library, a foundation of Georg Fischer Ltd, at Schaffhausen, which was established in 1949, to enable scientists and students the study of its historic collection, which is mainly concentrated on mining and metals, but includes all other

  6. Nuevas perspectivas en el ámbito de Islamolatina : "Coranus Graecus" (ss. VIII-IX); "Alcorán de Bellús" (1618); "Alchoranus Latinus" (1632) de Johann Zechendorff; los manuscritos de Ludovico Maracci († 1700); "Corpus glossarum ad Alchoranum Latinum"

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Gázquez, José

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta una visión general de los proyectos de investigación y trabajos que se han dado a conocer recientemente en dos ámbitos de estudio en los que ya ha venido trabajando el proyecto "Islamolatina". El primero en el de las traducciones latinas del Corán en el que presentan la intención de estudiar y editar nuevos textos del Corán reencontrados recientemente en tres lenguas distintas, griego, castellano y latín. El segundo presenta los trabajos ya realizados y los objetivos a a...

  7. Individuaalse sõna- ja loomevabaduse kahjulikkusest ehk kas kunstnikul on mõnikord mõtet suu pidada? = The downside of feedom of speech and artistic creativity or is there any sense in the artist keeping their mouth shut occasionally? / Johannes S

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti kunstikultuuri paiknemine individualismi ja kommunitarismi skaalal. Ettekanne Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse 4. ettekannete päeval "Kunstnike moraalsed valikud kultuurikonfliktides" Tallinna Kunstihoones 27.04.2006. Bibliograafia lk. 87

  8. The Service of Evangelism, the Evangelism of Service : The Influence of John R. Mott, Hendrik Kraemer, Willem A. Visser 't Hooft and Johannes C. Hoekendijk on the Development of the Understanding of Mission in the Reformed Church in Hungary (1910-1968)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonda, L.

    2008-01-01

    The Reformed Church in Hungary - a Protestant church in Central and Eastern Europe - had to struggle to find ways of fulfilling her call in thecontext of two ideological dictatorships - Nazism and Communism – in the 20th century. This study offers an introduction to the development of the

  9. Mu süda on mägedes : [luuletused] / Robert Burns ; tlk. Ralf Parve, Ants Oras, Urmas Tõnisson, Kullo Vende, Mart Mäger, Georg Eduard Luiga, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Karl August Hermann, Johannes Vau, Lydia Koidula, Ado Grenzstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, Robert, 1759-1796

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Mu süda on mägedes ; Hing mägises Shotis ; Mu isa oli farmer ; Künnipoiss ; Noor neiu vanal mehel ; Vana Rob Morris ; Meg veskilt ; Veski-Meg ; Willie pruulis õlut ; John Odratera ; Hägisele ; Shotlased, nüüd seiske kindlad! ; Invernessi neid ; Kuradi tants aktsiisiametnikuga ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / tlk. Ralf Parve ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / / tlk. Ants Oras ; Nii ja naa ; Hiirele ; Eleegia Peg Nicholsoni surma puhul ; Vaga Willie palve ; Epitaaf vagale Willièle ; Värsid poeet Fergussoni portree alla ; Lõikuskuu laul ; On kaldal kõrkjad reas ; Mu arm on nagu ruske roos ; Mu arm... ; Oo, mu arm on verev, verev roos ; Esimene suudlus lahkudes ; Mõte karmist saatusest ; Oh näeksin tühja nõmme peal ; Kui näeksin ; "Kui üksi olles näeksid, neid..." ; Käies pikas rohus ; Värsiread ; Mind naine tihti taob ; Rõõmus lesk ; Willie Wastleì naine ; Mul on naine ; John Anderson / tlk. Urmas Tõnisson ; Jaan Anderson / tlk. Karl August Hermann ; Sügiselaul ; Kündja ja lill ; Kodu ; Ometi ; Kõige kiuste ; Kui õis, mis õitseb heinamaal ; Põlev armastus ; Hans ja Krõõt : [luuletused]. Epigramme: Raamatukoi ; Impromptu ; Puudus. Ammustele aegadele : [luuletus]. Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 179

  10. La “Carta abierta a Alfonso Reyes sobre Goethe” de María Zambrano: ¿un caso de irracionalismo poético?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Kurz

    2014-06-01

    This article shows that the 1954 dispute between María Zambrano and Alfonso Reyes about Goethe has to be seen as a consequence of the studies of the Spanish philosopher in the field of the interrelation between poetry and philosophy. In the dispute, Reyes seems to represent a rational position, while Zambrano appears to follow an irrational aesthetics originated by German and English romanticism. When applying Karl Popper’s ideas about rationalism and irrationalism, the result is a different constellation: Zambrano as representative of rational and open thinking, Reyes the promoter of a poetic system based solely on the concept of “great man”, developed in literary criticism by Paul Bénichou, which enabled him to see Goethe as a personality that fuses life and work. This interpretation of Goethe is, by the way, predominant in Spanish-speaking cultures, as Udo Rukser showed in his classical study.

  11. [The "Werther effect". Historical origin and background of a phenomenon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, H

    1999-01-01

    Ever so often one can read about the "Werther effect" in psychiatric literature. Until now this term has not lost its imaginative power, and still has its impact as well as being the subject of controversial discussion. In order to clarify the "Werther effect", it seemed first of all necessary to illuminate the real biographical background of Goethe's "The sorrows of young Werther" and the extraordinarily eventful history of its reception. This essay also cites comments on this novel made by various personalities and authorities in an attempt to provide some hints on the real impact that Goethe's novel had at its time and showing the quarrels it brought about. Here the author comes to the conclusion that considering the ideologies prevailing at that time (late enlightenment and sentimentalism) the dispute about Goethe's work only aims at hiding the actual discussion about the people's right of self-determination.

  12. Die Leiden des jungen Werthers à luz da história do conceito de subjetividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Vale da Silva

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os paralelos entre o retrato do 'sujeito moderno em crise' visto no romance Die Leiden des jungen Werthers de Goethe e, por outro lado, o perfil psicossocial do 'homem do sentimento' do século XVIII, fruto da cultura da Empfindsamkeit. Defendo a perspectiva de que, no romance, Goethe não apenas se utiliza do formato literário mais tradicional da Empfindsamkeit (o do romance epistolar, como também se apropria de topói e técnicas discursivas que lhe são próprias em registro radicalmente heterodoxo. A argumentação nos ligará a uma dedução da visão do conceito de subjetividade moderna com que Goethe trabalha em sua fase final do Sturm und Drang, e que o situa como importante nome do discurso filosófico da modernidade.

  13. 80 aastat tagasi : Jaanuar 1928 / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest 80 aastat tagasi: Noorte Meeste Kristliku Ühing andis loengkontserte, Tallinna Kaarli kirikus tuli ettekandele A.Dvoraki "Stabat Mater" (juhatas Johannes Paulsen, esinesid Jekeli lauluselts, Estonia sümfooniaorkester ja solistid Olga Torokoff-Tiedeberg, J. Badendiesk-Inger, Arnold Vissmann ja Karl Viitol), trükist ilmus Johannes Jürgensoni (Juhan Jürme) "12 vaimulikku laulu" (kirjastajaks Tallinna Kaarli Lauluselts), 50. surma-aastapäeva puhul meenutati kirikumuusikut Johann August Hagenit, meenutati Keila muusikameest Jakob Maabergi

  14. En tragisk parodi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Etemadi, Maziar Haghpaidar

    2004-01-01

    Tre skikkelser symboliserer den europæiske ånds gang gennem historien; disse tre er antikkens homeriske helt Odysseus; Dantes opdigtede selvbiografi i den førmoderne og kristne middelalderlige fortælling Den guddommelige komedie og endelig Goethes moderne historie om Faust.......Tre skikkelser symboliserer den europæiske ånds gang gennem historien; disse tre er antikkens homeriske helt Odysseus; Dantes opdigtede selvbiografi i den førmoderne og kristne middelalderlige fortælling Den guddommelige komedie og endelig Goethes moderne historie om Faust....

  15. L'Italie dans l'imaginaire romantique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kongresakter, der samler en række foredrag om Chateaubriand, Goethe, Mme de Staël, Stendhal, Nerval, H.C. Andersen, Ginguené, Sismondi, Michelet, Granet, Delacroix og Rossini, samt oversættelser mellem fra Italien til Frankrig omkring 1800.......Kongresakter, der samler en række foredrag om Chateaubriand, Goethe, Mme de Staël, Stendhal, Nerval, H.C. Andersen, Ginguené, Sismondi, Michelet, Granet, Delacroix og Rossini, samt oversættelser mellem fra Italien til Frankrig omkring 1800....

  16. Transpositions significatives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Hans Peter

    Bogen er en kongresberetning fra symposiet L'Italie dans l'imaginarie romantique med litterære bidrag om Chateaubriand, Goethe, Mme de Staël, Stendhal, Andersen; om kritikere og historikere som Ginguené, Sismondi og Michelet, om malere som Granet og Delacroix og om komponisten Rossini.......Bogen er en kongresberetning fra symposiet L'Italie dans l'imaginarie romantique med litterære bidrag om Chateaubriand, Goethe, Mme de Staël, Stendhal, Andersen; om kritikere og historikere som Ginguené, Sismondi og Michelet, om malere som Granet og Delacroix og om komponisten Rossini....

  17. Die Leiden des jungen Werthers à luz da história do conceito de subjetividade

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Felipe Vale da

    2013-01-01

    O artigo analisa os paralelos entre o retrato do 'sujeito moderno em crise' visto no romance Die Leiden des jungen Werthers de Goethe e, por outro lado, o perfil psicossocial do 'homem do sentimento' do século XVIII, fruto da cultura da Empfindsamkeit. Defendo a perspectiva de que, no romance, Goethe não apenas se utiliza do formato literário mais tradicional da Empfindsamkeit (o do romance epistolar), como também se apropria de topói e técnicas discursivas que lhe são próprias em registro ra...

  18. Erro e Maestria na Bildung goethiana e seus desdobramentos

    OpenAIRE

    Clímaco, Marco Antônio Araújo

    2017-01-01

    Resumo Da inspiração prometeica do Sturm und Drang à apoteose alegórica do Fausto II, a trajetória de Goethe perfaz um esforço contínuo para salvar e ressignificar a ingenuidade poética ante a exigência histórica de um inaudito antagonismo e autossuficiência individual, conferindo legitimidade ao seu sentimento inato da existência como "zweite Natur". Tal ambivalência induziu mesmo críticos benevolentes de Goethe a encarar seu projeto da Bildung como um momento preliminar e controverso, cujo ...

  19. Theory of colours

    CERN Document Server

    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

    2006-01-01

    The wavelength theory of light and color had been firmly established by the time the great German poet published his Theory of Colours in 1810. Nevertheless, Goethe believed that the theory derived from a fundamental error, in which an incidental result was mistaken for a elemental principle. Far from affecting a knowledge of physics, he maintained that such a background would inhibit understanding. The conclusions Goethe draws here rest entirely upon his personal observations.This volume does not have to be studied to be appreciated. The author's subjective theory of colors permits him to spe

  20. Menneskets dannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Birgit

    2007-01-01

    "Menneskets dannelse - mellem kunst og natur" handler om, hvordan opfattelsen af menneskets identitet og dannelse ændrede sig i sidste del af oplysningstiden. Birgit Eriksson undersøger her, hvordan ændringerne kom til udtryk hos Goethe, som i sit alsidige forfatterskab konfronterede mange af...... tidens vigtigste udfordringer inden for filosofi, videnskab og kunst. Influeret af erfaringerne fra sine naturstudier fremstillede han i romanen Wilhelm Meisters Læreår mennesket som modsætningsfyldt, foranderligt og påvirkeligt. Hos Goethe var mennesket ikke et stærkt og autonomt centrum, men dybt...

  1. Vändra aabitsameistrid / Lembit Andresen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andresen, Lembit, 1929-2016

    2009-01-01

    1880-ndate aastate alguses tõusis aabitsatootjate keskusena esile Vändra, kuhu oli kogunenud silmapaistvate võimetega koolimehi. Sealsete koolmeistrite Johannes Lüdimoisi, Jaan Kruusi ja Mats Tõnissoni poolt välja antud aabitsatest

  2. Kas me sellist eesti keelt tahtsime? / Anu Lamp ; interv. Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lamp, Anu, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    24. märtsil esietendus teatris NO99 lavakunstikooli 22. lennu viimane diplomilavastus "Keeleuuenduse lõpmatu kurv". Lavastaja Anu Lamp räägib eesti keelest ja sellest, kuidas materjal Johannes Aaviku keeleuuendusest lavale jõudis

  3. Prevalence of chronic diseases in private healthcare sector of South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevalence of chronic diseases in private healthcare sector of South Africa: A threat to public health. Lourens Johannes Rothmann, Martha Susanna Lubbe, Jan Hendrik Philippus Serfontein, Jan Jakobus Gerber, Madeeha Malik ...

  4. Täna kell 20.30 avatakse Tartu ööklubis "Tallinn"...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Avatakse 58 mø digitaalpannoo"Tallinna taastamine" I faas "Subtroopilised tellingud". Pannoo teiseneb regulaarselt. Autorid Peeter Laurits, Madis Palm, Ulvi Tiit. Kasutatud ka Georg Johannes Parikase, Rain Tamme, Arne Aderi jt. fotosid

  5. Hüpped modernismi poole II : 20. sajandi eesti kirjandusteadus Euroopa kirjandusteaduse taustal. 5. loeng : Noor-Eesti ja positivism / Tiit Hennoste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hennoste, Tiit, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Nooreestlaste kirjanduskriitika ja positivismi suhet on iseloomustatud järgmiste autorite näitel: Friedebert Tuglas, Gustav Suits, Villem Grünthal-Ridala, Aino Kallas, Johannes Aavik ja Bernhard Linde

  6. Тартуский Колледж Здравоохранения = Tartu Healthcare College / Мария Фадеева

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Фадеева, Мария

    2014-01-01

    Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkooli uus hoone. Arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Johannes Feld, Andro Mänd, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Ragnar Põllukivi (Kavakava). Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (PINK). Valmimisaasta: 2011

  7. Riigi teaduspreemiad akadeemikutele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Teaduspreemiad: tehnikateaduste alal Raimund-Johannes Ubarile; humanitaarteaduste alal Arvo Krikmannile; H. Küütsile kollektiivi koosseisus põllumajandusteaduste alal; täppisteaduste alal Ülo Lumistele; keemia ja molekulaarbioloogia alal Agu Laisk

  8. Aasta põllumehe teed viivad börsi asemel rappa / Silva Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Silva, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Laheotsa talu peremees Johannes Valk roosi- ja köögiviljakasvatusest ning toodangu turustamisest. Kommenteerib Tõnis Oja. Diagrammid: Laheotsa talu. Vt. samas: Euroliidu abiprogrammid võtavad ära palju uneaega

  9. Veneetsia'99 / Ando Keskküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keskküla, Ando, 1950-2008

    1999-01-01

    Veneetsia biennaali Eesti komitee valis Veneetsia biennaalile Eestit esindama Johannes Saare kunstiprojekti "Vesivärav", millesse on kaasatud kunstnikud Jüri Ojaver ning Peeter Pere ja Ando Keskküla "Vaadete anatoomia", mida autor tutvustab.

  10. Kunstikriitiku professionaalne paranoia ja selle ravi / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Vastulause raamatu "20. sajandi mõttevoolud" (Tallinn ; Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus, 2009) arvustusele: Saar Johannes. 20. sajandi mõttevoolud : kogu talveks lugemist ja magamist. Eesti Päevaleht, 2009, 25. sept., lk. 12-13

  11. Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool = Tartu Health Care College / Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-

    2012-01-01

    2012. aastal valminud Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkooli hoone arhitektuursest lahendusest. Arhitektid Indrek Peil ja Siiri Vallner, kaasautorid Johannes Feld, Sten-Mark Mändmaa, Andro Mänd ja Ragnar Põllukivi (Kavakava). Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Projekt: 2006-2009

  12. Biochemical markers of mineral bone disorder in South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In multiple-logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio for developing hyperpara- thyroidism with ... Materials and methods ... 2009 to April 2016) at two dialysis centers in Johannes- ... gestive of high turnover bone disease, was present in 47.3.

  13. Raesaali lünettmaalid / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna raekoja kaheksa moraliseerivate värssidega varustatud poollünettmaali maalis 1667. a. Johann Aken. Maalide erinev teostus lubab oletada teise meistriabilise olemasolu. Bibliograafia lk. 445

  14. Proua Therese nägi oma portreed alles Sõõrumaa kunstigalerii avamisel / Jaanus Kulli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulli, Jaanus, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Ärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa Tallinnas Rotermanni kvartalis vastavatud kunstigalerii US Art Gallery näitusel olevast Johannes Greenbergi maalitud portreest, millel on kujutatud pianist ja laulja Therese Raide-Masing

  15. Külas oli esimese eestikeelse ajalehe asutaja järeltulija / Liina Valper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valper, Liina, 1941-

    1998-01-01

    Baltisaksa päritolu vaimuliku, koolitegelase ja luuletaja, eestikeelse ajakirjanduse rajaja Johann Philipp von Rothi (1754-1818) seitsmenda põlvkonna esindaja Ulf von Roth abikaasaga, neid saatis kultuuriloolane Milvi Hirvlaane

  16. Introducing borrowings in the late 18th century : the Estonian translation of a Swedish cookbook by Cajsa Warg / Raimo Raag

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raag, Raimo, 1953-

    2002-01-01

    Rootsi kokaraamatu tõlkest eesti keelde ja selle osast eesti keele arengus: Warg, Christina. Köki ja Kokka Ramat, mis Rootsi kelest Eesti-ma Kele üllespandud on / [tlk. Johann Luthander]. Tallinn : [s.n.], 1781

  17. Kellele oleksid Sina presidendina autasu andnud?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Vabadusvõitluse muuseumi juhataja Johannes Tõrs, Viimsi Teataja peatoimetaja Annika Poldre, Saue linna elanik Evelin Povel-Puusepp, Muraste elanik Vello Malken, Kuusalu valla elanik Sirje Potisepp ja Kanama postijaama elanik Priit Pillov

  18. Uppsala ülikool nimetas uue soome-ugri keelte dotsendi / Airi Alanurme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alanurme, Airi

    2005-01-01

    2. detsembril 2005 keeleteaduskonna nõukogus. Virve Raag valis dotsentuuriloengu teemaks "Soome-ugri keelereformijad põhjas ja lõunas: Johannes Aavik ja Ferenc Kazinczy". Loeng toimus 29. novembril ülikooli auditooriumis

  19. Südames on armastuse kodu / Lembit Peterson, Marius Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Lembit, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Theatrumis tuleb lavale Karol Wojtyla (Paavst Johannes Paulus II) kirjutatud näidend "Juveliiri poe ees". Lavastuses osaleb pea kogu perekond Petersonid. Laura, Marius, Mare, Maria ja Lembit Peterson endast ja peresidemetest

  20. Eesti on valmis startima Veneetsiasse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Sorose Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskusel on valminud kataloog eesti kunstnikest 48. Veneetsia biennaalil. 10. VI avatakse Veneetsias Palazzo Querinis Ando Keskküla, Jüri Ojaveri ja Peeter Pere ekspositsioon, mida kureerisid Sirje Helme ja Johannes Saar

  1. Viron kieli toisena kielenä - opetuksesta Tarton yliopistossa 1820-luvun lopulla / Heli Laanekask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanekask, Heli, 1950-

    2013-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse Tartu Ülikooli eesti keele lektori Johann Samuel Friedrich Boubrigi õpetamise metoodikat, kasutatud allikaid ja loengute sisu. Puudutatakse ka sugulaskeelte - soome ja ungari keele õpetust

  2. Radikaalsus muuseumi kaitsva teki all / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    Rotermanni soolalaos avatud Marco (Marko) Laimre isiknäituse "Küsimused ja vastused" puhul 13. IV toimunud konverentsist. Johannes Saare, Eha Komissarovi, Hanno Soansi, Anders Härmi ja Mari Sobolevi ettekannetest

  3. "Fall, divnõi Fall..." / Lev Livshits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Лившиц, Лев, 1924-2013

    2001-01-01

    Keila-Joa mõisa ajaloost fotograaf Faivi Kljutshiku fotode põhjal. Loss (1833) - arhitekt Aleksei Lvov, uue lossi arhitekt Hans (Andrei) Stackenschneider Peterburist, kiviraidur Johann Gottfried Exner

  4. Wolfgang Pauli at the 6th meeting of the Nobel Prize laureates

    CERN Multimedia

    Franz Thorbecke, Lindau

    1956-01-01

    From left to right : ?, Max Born, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, ?, Otto Hahn, Wolfgang Pauli, Franca Pauli, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leopold Ruzicka

  5. Middendorffi õhtud : Peterburi haritlaskonna seltskonnaelust XIX sajandi teisel poolel / Ada Ambus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ambus, Ada

    2005-01-01

    Hermann Daltoni ja Ferdinand Johann Wiedemanni mälestused valitud teadlasteringi kooskäimistest Petreburis, baltisaksa geograafi Alexander Theodor von Middendorffi juures. Sisaldab ka kooskäinud isikute nimekirja

  6. A Questionnaire-based Consideration of Coral Farming for Coastal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    based marine resource management (Johannes,. 1998), and is ... targeting the concept of community-based ... scientific literature, grey literature and hotel ..... in this case shifting usage of Mauritian ... Strategies for gardening denuded coral.

  7. Uue Testamendi Hornungi tõlke kohast vaimuliku eesti keele kujunemisloos / Heiki Reila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reila, Heiki

    2007-01-01

    Uuritakse, kas pärast Pilistvere piiblikonverentsi 1687. aastal kirjutas Johann Hornung erinevad piiblitõlkevariandid ümber vastavalt uutele õigekirjareeglitele või tõlkis uuesti kreekakeelsest tekstist. Kõrvutatakse nelja tõlget

  8. IEF 2008 Moves WHO's eco-bio-social framework forward | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-05-10

    May 10, 2011 ... ... infectious diseases and to define community-based integrated management interventions,” said Dr Johannes Sommerfeld. ... IEF 2008 was “a very lively event, which showed the dynamic nature of the ... Related articles ...

  9. 76 FR 80445 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Designation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-23

    ..., dated October 17, 2011; Garret Cook, dated November 4, 2011; James Johannes, dated November 27, 2011... November 30, 2011; Dr. Larry Paden, Bright Trading, dated December 1, 2011; Thomas Dercks, dated December 1...

  10. President kinnitas süümevande ehtsust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel teatas, et pole süümevannet andes midagi salanud ega valet vandunud ning on alusetu seostada tema nõukogudeaegset tegevust Johannes Hindi represseerimisega. Arvamust avaldab presidendikandidaat Toomas Hendrik Ilves

  11. Haruldane raamatuleid Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi Arhiivraamatukogust / Vello Paatsi, Ave Pill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paatsi, Vello, 1948-2015

    2011-01-01

    Kirjeldatakse Johann Benjamin Sczibalski "Nelli Kristusse Kannatusse-Juttussid nink Mönne Kannatusse-laulu ..." (1788) lõppu köidetud tiitelleheta trükist, mis osutus vennastekoguduse tartukeelseks lauluraamatuks: [Common Prayer]. Barby : s. n., 1747

  12. Jaan Ellen talletab rahva valu / Contra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Contra, pseud., 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Raamatud : Ellen, Jaan. Hällimaa. Tallinn, 2004 ; Varjatud valu : mälestusi Teisest maailmasõjast / koostaja Jaan Ellen. Tallinn, 2005 ; Palutedre, Arnold-Johannes. Viis tuhat päeva : [memuaarid]. Tallinn, 2005

  13. Jaan Ellen loob ehedaid elupilte eesti rahva saatusest / Liina Valper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valper, Liina, 1941-

    2005-01-01

    Raamatud : Ellen, Jaan. Hällimaa. Tallinn, 2004 ; Varjatud valu : mälestusi Teisest maailmasõjast / koostaja Jaan Ellen. Tallinn, 2005 ; Palutedre, Arnold-Johannes. Viis tuhat päeva : [memuaarid]. Tallinn, 2005

  14. Muuseum avastas haruldase pildi / Bianca Mikovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikovitsh, Bianca

    2006-01-01

    Järvamaa muuseumi kunstikogu töödest: läti maalikunstniku Johann Hinrich Baumanni "Lamav jahimees koeraga", Andres Viidalepa "Härra peamees". Kommenteerivad teadur Helve Huttunen, peavarahoidja Külli Lupkin

  15. Strengthening primary healthcare through community involvement in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Strengthening primary healthcare through community involvement in Cross River State, Nigeria: a descriptive study. Hilary Adie, Thomas Igbang, Akaninyene Otu, Ekanem Braide, Okpok Okon, Edet Ikpi, Charles Joseph, Alexander Desousa, Johannes Sommerfeld ...

  16. Pick'n'Fix: Capturing Control Flow in Modular Compilers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day, Laurence E.; Bahr, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    structures, in particular cyclic ones, we employ Oliveira and Cook's purely functional representation of graphs. Moreover, to separate control flow features semantically from other language features, we represent source languages using Johann and Ghani's encoding of generalised algebraic datatypes...

  17. Kunstimuuseum varjas aastaid kallist maali / Sulev Vedler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Albrecht Düreri altarimaali osa "Ristija Johannes" säilitamislugu Eesti Kunstimuuseumis. Lühidalt oletatava triptühhoni osadest "Püha Onufrius" ja "Salvador Mundi". Maal kadus Bremeni Kunsthausist II Maailmasõja ajal

  18. J. C. Brotze väljapanek on avatud viimaseid päevi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Riias tegutsenud kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze joonistuste ja käsikirjade näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Joonistustel on jäädvustatud Eesti ja Liivimaa linnavaateid, maastikke, inimesi

  19. Igatsedes mägesid / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Igatsedes mägesid. Šveitsi maastikud Balti kunstis" Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis, kuraator Kadi Polli. Aberli koolkonnast. Carl Grassi (1767-1814) ja Johann Wilhelm Krause (1757-1728) joonistusreisidest Šveitsi

  20. Naisteromaanide uimarohi / Ilona Martson, Kristi Pärn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    1997-01-01

    Atwood, Margaret. Röövelpruut; Austen, Jane. Veenmine; Sheldon, Sidney. Veresidemed; Ondaatje, Michael. Inglise patsient; Lind, Hera. Kahe mehe vahel; Simmel, Johannes Mario. Vastust teab vaid tuul; Gaskin, Catherine. Fiona; Gaskin, Catherine. Perekonnaasjad; Barne, John. Evita

  1. Microfilming of the Bach Manuscripts in the Staatsbibliothek Berlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penzold, Leonhard

    1998-01-01

    Describes a microfilming project to preserve music manuscripts of Johann Sebastian Bach at the Staatsbibliothek Berlin (Germany), highlighting project goals, problems and peculiarities encountered filming the collection, color micrography, and black-and-white filming. (PEN)

  2. ROK saavutas valemängureid paljastades ajaloolise võidu / Tõnu Kees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kees, Tõnu, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Maailma ajakirjandus hindas otsust diskvalifitseerida dopingu kastutamisega vahelejäänud murdmaasuusatajad Johann Mühlegg, Larissa Lazutina ja Olga Danilova Rahvusvahelise Olümpiakomitee võiduks. Vt. ka art. EPO noorem vend teeb ilma

  3. Kosambi and the Genetic Mapping Function

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Research Centre, Indian. Agricultural ... Gregor Johann Mendel discovered that segregation of simple traits in pea ... Cytology furnishes mechanism that the experimental evidence demands” .... practice, however, the existence of interference may cause over .... Morgan's mapping function of true additivity; incomplete inter-.

  4. Topiramate and Metabolic Acidosis in Infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The acid-base metabolism was investigated in 9 infants and toddlers, aged 5 months to 2.3 years (median, 6 months, treated with topiramate (TPM for seizures at Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

  5. Eesti kirikute keskaegsete seinamaalingute uurimisest ja restaureerimisest / Hilkka Hiiop, Anneli Randla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiop, Hilkka, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Johannes Gahlnbäcki ja Helge Kjellini uuringutest 20. saj. 1. poolel. Restauraator Viktor Filatovi poleemilisest tegevusest Saaremaa kirikute restaureerimisel 1970. aastatel. V. Filatov ja Villem Raam Valjala ja Muhu kiriku maalingutest

  6. Võstavka risunkov Brotse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Riias tegutsenud kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze joonistuste ja käsikirjade näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Brotze jäädvustas oma joonistustel Eesti- ja Liivimaa linnavaateid, maastikke, arhitektuuri ja inimesi

  7. Eva manipulirujet Adamom / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    11. veebr. Drugoi Teatris esietendunud Neil LaBute'i näidendist "Tshto potshjom" ("The shape of things"), lavastaja Johann Bott (Prantsusmaa). Osades Andrei Perovitsh, Jekaterina Nikolajeva, Zaven Ioannesjan ja Anastassija Solovjova

  8. Taani dippdisain käis Tallinnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Taani-Eesti kunstisuhetest. Maalinäitus "Kuldajast modernismini". Pikemalt disaininäitusest "Elav disain - dialoog". Arhitekt Arne Jakobseni, disainer Bernt'i, arhitekt Johannes Foersomi ja Peter Hiort-Lorenzeni loomingust

  9. Transient expression of Human papillomavirus type 16 L2 epitope ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-01-11

    Jan 11, 2012 ... 2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 2030, 12840 Prague, .... by M Sapp, Institute for Medical Microbiology, Johannes ..... and J Stasikova for their excellent technical assistance.

  10. Muusikalised maiuspalad raekojas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    26. juulil Pärnu raekojas toimuvast kontserdist "Grande Serenade", esitusel Johann Hummeli serenaadid (Grande Serenade), esinevad Arvo Leibur (viiul), Heiki Mätlik (kitarr), Madis Kari (klarnet), Aare Tammesalu (tšello) ja Tarmo Eespere (klaver)

  11. Ilves receives honorary degree / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves nimetati Johannes Paulus II nimelise Lublini Katoliikliku Ülikooli audoktoriks. President T. H. Ilvese kõnest tiitli üleandmise tseremoonial. Töövisiit Poola Vabariiki 19.-20.05.2010

  12. They gave their names to science

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Halacy, D. S

    1967-01-01

    ...: Ernst Mach and his number, Gergor Mendel and his laws, Christian Johann Doppler and his effect, Hans Geiger and his radiation counter, Nicholas Sadi Carnot and thermodynamics, Gustave, Gaspard de...

  13. MAINZ: MAMI microtron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    Officially inaugurated at the end of January was the new Mainz Microtron - MAMI - which became fully operational last summer after a final three-year construction phase at Johannes Gutenberg University

  14. Akna varastamine : eesti Y-kirjandus / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2014-01-01

    Valdur Mikita, Erkki Luuk'i, Kiwa, Kaspari ja kirjanike rühmituse “14 NÜ” (Mait Laas, Paavo Matsin, Marko Mägi, Erkki Kadarik, Marianne Ravi, Maarja Vaino, Trip Jarvis, Johannes Üksi) loomingust

  15. Heast ja õiglasest valitsusest : raesaali õigusemõistmise teemalised maalid = Paintings of Good and Just Government : About Administering Justice in the Council Chambe / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    1660-ndatel Tallinna Raekoja raesaali kaunistamiseks tellitud kaheksast poollünettmaalist. Pildiseerija on teinud maalija Johann Aken, maalide erinev teostus laseb oletada J. Akeni abilise osalust. Maalid on varustatud teemakohaste moraliseerivate värssidega

  16. Dvorjanskoje gnezdo : glava iz knigi 'ESTICA : kultura i istorija' / Jüri Kuuskemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuskemaa, Jüri, 1942-

    1998-01-01

    Rägavere mõisa härrastemajast, arvatav arhitekt Johann Schulz. Selle taastamisest kultuurikeskuse tarvis. Sisekujundaja Leila Pärtelpoeg, skulptor Cornelius Tamm. Maali- ja mööblikollektsioonist

  17. Kollektsija Johannesa Kebina võstavlena na auktsion

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Johannes Käbini kunstikogust, mis müüakse galerii Rios korraldatud oksjonil 10. dets. ERR-is. Tutvustab kunstiteadlane Ressi Kaera. Kogus on eesti kunstiklassikat tuntud meistritelt (Köler, Reindorff, Sagrits, Uutmaa jt.)

  18. 'Kazhdogo vletshjot jego strast' / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    1999-01-01

    Johannes Käbini kollektsiooni kuulunud taiestest (27 eesti kunstiklassikasse kuuluvat tööd Kölerilt, Reindorffilt, Mäelt, Vabbelt, Kitselt jt.), mida pakutakse müüa galerii RIOS korraldatud oksjonil.

  19. Pallas näitab teed Tartu skulptuurile / Ahti Seppet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppet, Ahti, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Näitus "Pallase skulptuur" Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Eksponeeritakse Ferdi Sannamehe, Eduard Wiiralti, Johannes Hirve, August Vommi, Martin Saksa, Roman Timotheuse, Herman Halliste, Lydia Laasi, Alfred Leiuse, Enn Roosi jt. kunstnike töid

  20. Pallaslitaania : ka traditsioonilist skulptuuri tuleb aktiivselt eksponeerida / Eero Kangor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangor, Eero, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Näitus "Pallase skulptuur" Tartu Kivisilla galeriis kuni 24. IX, kuraator Ahti Seppet. Enn Roosi, Maire-Helve Männiku, Ernst Jõesaare, Irmgard Luha, Eduard Wiiralti, Ferdi Sannamehe, Johannes Hirve ja August Vommi töödest