WorldWideScience

Sample records for papillaermuskler ved akut

  1. Ruptur af fri venstre ventrikelvaeg, septum og papillaermuskler ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeld, Thomas; Hassager, Christian; Hjortdal, Vibeke E.

    2009-01-01

    . This risk of MCA can be reduced by sufficient revascularisation, but these rare differential diagnoses to cardiogenic shock remain important. Echocardiography is the diagnostic gold standard. First line treatment is medical and often mechanical stabilization, but this should not delay quick surgical...

  2. Billeddiagnostik ved akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hess, Søren; Madsen, Poul Henning; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel

    2005-01-01

    and echocardiography in acute pulmonary embolism and identified 562 articles, of which 16 original papers met our inclusion criteria. From these, we concluded that none of the modalities is applicable in every situation. Spiral computed tomography can confirm the diagnosis but cannot rule out subsegmental embolism....... With lung scintigraphy, perfusion imaging alone is probably sufficient and suited to both confirming and ruling out the diagnosis. Echocardiography should be reserved for patients with an emergent need for treatment and cannot rule out the diagnosis. Udgivelsesdato: 2005-Oct-10...

  3. Blodtryksnedsaettelse kan forvaerre symptomerne ved akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, E; Jørgensen, H S; Olsen, T S

    1995-01-01

    Patients with acute stroke often present with high blood pressure (BP) on hospital admission. Because hypertension is a risk factor for stroke, and because severe BP elevation may increase oedema and the risk of haemorrhage, acute antihypertensive therapy might seem reasonable. On the other hand...

  4. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...

  5. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-Cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...

  6. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  7. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  8. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...... the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  9. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anaestesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  10. Images of Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2005-01-01

    One of the primary objects of this paper has been to show how a so-called akutô was created, not on a local level by merchants or itinerant monks committing robbery and murder or by warriors or powerful peasants opposing a distant proprietor by violent means, but by the proprietor itself as part...

  11. Trombolyse og akut myokardieinfarkt. Mindre restiskoemi ved førstegangs akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H F; Pless, P; Nielsen, J R

    1994-01-01

    % in reperfused patients versus 62% in controls. During 36-hour ambulatory ST-segment monitoring, however, the duration of myocardial ischaemia was significantly reduced in thrombolyzed patients: 322 minutes versus 1144 minutes in controls (p work capacity...... in thrombolyzed patients compared with controls: 160 +/- 41 versus 139 +/- 34 W (p reduces residual myocardial ischaemia. The reduced ischaemic burden is assumed...

  12. Computertomografi anvendt ved retsmedicinske obduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Christoffersen, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Billeddiagnostiske metoder er ved at vinde indpas ved retsmedicinske obduktioner. Her redegøres for vores erfaringer med computertomografi (CT) ved retslægelige dødsfald. Materiale og metoder: Retrospektiv dobbeltblindet undersøgelse af 150 afdøde mennesker som blev CT-scannet og ob...

  13. Pressestivhed ved Verikal Belansning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paludan-Withen, Carsten; Marstrand, Jonas

    Dette projekt er udarbejdet som et polyteknisk midtvejsprojekt på Institut for Produktion og Ledelse. Det indgår som en del af EU-projektet Impress [1.], der drejer sig om at bestemme produktionspressers udbøjning under forskellige belastninger. Grundlaget for dette er, at man ved at kende en...

  14. Etiske betragtninger ved supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Agerskov, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet præsenterer nogle etiske betragtninger ved supervision. Mens der længe har eksisteret etiske retningslinjer for psykoterapeutisk arbejde, har der overraskende nok manglet tilsvarende vejledninger på supervisionsområdet. Det betyder imidlertid ikke, at de ikke er relevante. I kapitlet gøres...

  15. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; Akute disseminierte Enzephalomyelitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Politi, M.; Papanagiotou, P.; Grunwald, I.Q.; Roth, C.; Reith, W. [Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar (Germany)

    2008-06-15

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute widespread autoimmune demyelinating condition, which principally affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. It usually follows an infection or vaccination. The typical presentation is that of multifocal neurologic disturbances accompanied by change in mental status. CSF analysis reveals lymphocytic pleocytosis and elevated protein content, but may also yield normal results. MRI is regarded as the diagnostic imaging modality of choice and typically demonstrates involvement of deep cerebral hemispheric and subcortical white matter as well as lesions in the basal ganglia, gray-white junction, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord. Unlike multiple sclerosis (MS), ADEM has a monophasic course and a favorable long-term prognosis. (orig.) [German] Die akute disseminierte Enzephalomyelitis (ADEM) ist eine akut auftretende autoimmune demylinisierende Erkrankung der weissen Substanz, die hauptsaechlich Gehirn und Rueckenmark befaellt. Ueblicherweise tritt sie nach einer Infektion oder Impfung auf. Die Entwicklung einer fokalen oder multifokalen neurologischen Funktionsstoerung ist das Kennzeichen der klinischen Praesentation der ADEM. Lymphozytaere Pleozytose und Eiweisserhoehung sind typische Befunde in der Liquoruntersuchung. Die Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) ist die Untersuchungsmethode der Wahl. Die ADEM-Laesionen sind typischerweise gross, multipel und asymmetrisch. Sie koennen in den Gross- und Kleinhirnhemisphaeren, im Hirnstamm und im Rueckenmark lokalisiert sein. Die subkortikale und die zentrale weisse Substanz sind am haeufigsten befallen. Weniger haeufig ist die graue Substanz der Thalami und der Basalganglien betroffen. Im Gegensatz zur Multiplen Sklerose (MS) ist die Prognose der ADEM im Allgemeinen guenstig. (orig.)

  16. Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejer Jakobsen, Henning; Rebsdorf, S.O.

    og brugbar forståelse af hele skabelsesprocessen. Idestigen med Tanke - Ide - Løsning er hele grundlaget, og med introduktionen til Creative Idea Solution (CIS) gives læseren en konkret model for, hvordan en proces på grænsen af kaos kan blive til en kontrolleret forandringsproces. Det normative......Med begrebsdefinitioner og en solid videnskabsteoretisk fundering viser "Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation" både hvorfor kreativitet og innovation er vigtigt, men også hvordan systematisk ideudvikling er muligt. Begreberne perspektiveres ved en historisk og normativ anskuelse, der giver en bred...... udgangspunkt er garant for at bogen aldrig bliver uvedkommende eller kan afskrives som endnu en publikation med overforbrug af buzzwords. Bogen efterlader læseren med en følelse af lige at være vågnet, og det nyopdagede potentiale skal nu udnyttes systematisk....

  17. Bivirkninger ved brintpiller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rasmus Zink; Klerke, Asbjørn; Christensen, Claus H.

    2008-01-01

    Hvad nu? Indrømmer forskerne fra DTU nu selv, at der er bivirkninger ved de brintpiller, som er blevet så berømte? Svaret er Ja. Faktisk er der en væsentlig bivirkning, som på kort sigt kan få større betydning, end brintpillernes evner til at lagre brint. Det forholder sig nemlig så heldigt, at b...

  18. Omkommet ved Brand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

      Afhandlingen består af tre delundersøgelser. Den første undersøgelse er en hypotesegenererende case-only undersøgelse af branddødsfald i hele landet i 1953-57 og 1988-92. I de to perioder omkom henholdsvis136 og 362 personer ved brandulykker. Mange af de omkomne var alkoholpåvirkede eller...

  19. Halsgreb ved kampsport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

    2015-01-01

    ”, hvor en person lægger armen rundt om halsen bagfra og presser underarmen vinkelret ind mod halsens forside. ”Carotid sleeper” har sit navn, fordi det medfører bevidstløshed, som indtræder indenfor 10 sekunder. Bevidstheden gen-vindes indenfor 10-20 sekunder. Halspulsårerne kan aflukkes ved et tryk på...

  20. Sindrom Koroner Akut dengan Komplikasi Udem Paru Akut dan Henti Jantung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Fithra Elfi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Salah satu manifestasi sindrom koroner akut yang banyak terjadi adalah non ST elevation segment ofmyocardial infarction (NSTEMI. NSTEMI dapat menimbulkan berbagai komplikasi seperti udem paru akut, hentijantung, bahkan kematian. Dilaporkan seorang pasien wanita 53 tahun dengan diagnosis NSTEMI. Pasien mengalamihenti jantung dan udem paru akut yang merupakan gagal jantung akut. Henti jantung pada pasien ini diawali  oleharitmia maligna yang disebabkan oleh kurangnya asupan oksigen pada otot jantung. Pasien memerlukanpenatalaksanaan multidisiplin dan intensif. Pada pasien diberikan dukungan ventilasi mekanik dengan tekanan positifyaitu CPAP untuk mengurangi mortalitas edema paru. Selain itu diperlukan pemantauan ketat hemodinamik danasupan nutrisi pada pasien. Selain masalah jantung dan paru, pada pasien juga terjadi penurunan kesadaran setalahhenti jantung. Gangguan pada sistem saraf pusat merupakan penyebab kematian yang cukup tinggi pada pasien yangselamat dari henti jantung dan resusitasi. Berdasarkan hal itu, perlu dilakukan resusitasi kardioserebral pada pasiendengan henti jantung. Perbedaan utama dengan resusitasi jantung paru adalah pentingnya manajemen j alan nafasyang lebih lengkap dengan ventilasi mekanik.Kata kunci: NSTEMI, henti jantung, udem paru akut Abstract One manifestation of acute coronary syndrome is the case is non-ST segment elevation of myocardial infarction(NSTEMI. NSTEMI may cause various complications: an acute pulmonary edema, cardiac arres, and even death.Reported a 53 years old female patient with a diagnosis of NSTEMI. The patient had a cardiac arrest and acutepulmonary edema is acute heart failure. Cardiac arrest in this patient initiated by malignant arrhythmias caused by lackof oxygen to the heart muscle. Patients require multidisciplinary and intensive management. In patients receivedmechanical ventilatory support with positive pressure that CPAP to reduce the mortality of pulmonary edema. Alsorequired

  1. Statiner ved akut koronart syndrom--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Jesper James; Jensen, Gorm Boje

    2012-01-01

    infarction and stroke, but at four-month follow-up the incidence of unstable angina pectoris was significantly reduced. Despite the lack of evidence for an additional effect of early statin administrations on hard clinical end points, we find good reasons to maintain statins in the early treatment of ACS....

  2. Virusinfektioner spiller en vigtig rolle ved akut forværring af astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Asger; Backer, Vibeke; Porsbjerg, Celeste

    2014-01-01

    Upper respiratory tract infections with common virusses is the most frequent cause of asthma exacerbations. Numerous defects in both epithelial function, pathogen recognition and innate immune signalling has been demonstrated in patients with asthma. The subject of this review is these recent...

  3. Plasmaferese ved akut pankreatitis associeret med svær hypertriglyceridæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders Bech; Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Damholt, Mette Brimnes

    2016-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis can be caused by hypertriglyceridaemia. The treatment includes lowering of the blood triglyceride levels. We present a case of a 40-year-old woman who was admitted in this condition. She was treated with plasmapheresis, which led to a rapid decline of the blood triglyceride...... levels. The national Danish guidelines on treatment of acute pancreatitis do not mention plasmapheresis as a method of lowering elevated triglyceride levels. We suggest that the guidelines should be revised with attention to this treatment option....

  4. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  5. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...... patients entering clinical randomized trials were studied. We sought to assess whether the risk of bleeding increased after the introduction of the CURE criteria in an unselected population of Danish patients with NSTEMI or UAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CURE criteria were implemented in the Department...

  6. Virusinfektioner spiller en vigtig rolle ved akut forværring af astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Asger; Backer, Vibeke; Porsbjerg, Celeste

    2014-01-01

    Upper respiratory tract infections with common virusses is the most frequent cause of asthma exacerbations. Numerous defects in both epithelial function, pathogen recognition and innate immune signalling has been demonstrated in patients with asthma. The subject of this review is these recent fin...

  7. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anæstesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  8. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfill...

  9. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anæstesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    of cricoid pressure is discussed. The findings suggest that it may have harmful effects in connection with intubation, laryngeal mask placement and ventilation. In conclusion, it is suggested that cricoid pressure is released in the case of intubation difficulties.......Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  10. Behandlingsmuligheder ved xerostomi og hyposalivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Siri Beier; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    Behandlingsmuligheder ved nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi For at kunne iværksætte adækvat lindring og behandling af nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi bør det tilstræbes, at den tilgrundliggende årsag i videst muligt omfang er forsøgt diagnosticeret. I en del tilfælde er det dog ikke muligt at u...... infektioner, særlig oral candidose. Hvis det drejer sig om lægemiddelinduceret xerostomi og nedsat spytsekretion, kan en effektiv, lindrende behandlingsstrategi være af stor betydning for at sikre overholdelse af lægemiddelindtagelsen....

  11. Inhaleret beta(2)-agonist som mulig årsag til laktatacidose ved akut svær astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Sahl, Christian; Thorsen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    A 50-year-old man was in the emergency department treated for acute asthma with repeated doses of nebulized salbutamol according to guidelines, and as a result of this treatment he developed marked lactate acidosis. Lactate acidosis is not commonly listed as a side effect to nebulized salbutamol....

  12. AKUT-II: an experimental plant for purifying the HTR loop of combustion waste gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beaujean, H.; Vygen, H.

    1976-02-15

    A plant for the separation of aerosols, krypton and tritium (AKUT) used for purifying the head end of the reprocessing of thorium-containing fuel elements from combustion waste gases is described. Data are to be collected to enable a process engineer to plan and construct a large-scale plant, and the correctness and practicability of the concept adopted is to be proved in conjunction with the JUPITER plant. It is true that the tests on the AKUT I plant confirmed that the flow scheme was basically correct, but the actual experimental operation was considerably limited by a fixed and rigid coupling to the combustion furnace. Some operational conditions were encountered which did not meet the design values. Part of the plant (krypton separation) is being tested in the USA. The German concept was taken over in the early stages of tests and adapted to existing apparatuses, the result inevitably being different experimental conditions. The AKUT II plant can now be used for consideration of the economic and safety conditions, and comparisons can be made.

  13. Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones......Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones...

  14. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønvold, Mogens

    2008-01-01

    I denne artikel gennemgås metoder, erfaringer og resultater fra livskvalitetsforskningen på kræftområdet, og der opstilles anbefalinger. Forskningen har omfattet deskriptive undersøgelser, endemål i kliniske undersøgelser, prognostiske studier og klinisk anvendelse af livskvalitetsskemaer. Der vu...... vurderes at være behov for yderligere livskvalitetsundersøgelser ved alle kræftformer og -behandlinger, men de bør kun foretages, når de tilstrækkelige resurser er til stede, da kun velgennemførte studier er af værdi. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Mar-3...

  15. Epidemiologi ved systemisk lupus erythematosus (SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge-Margrethe Gilboe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Det er utført få epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge. De studier som er utført viser liknende hyppighet og forekomst av SLE i Norge som i de øvrige nordiske land og forekomst av mild sykdom med en lav andel av alvorlig indre organ manifestasjoner. Insidens og prevalens er kartlagt i Nord-Norge visende en lavere insidens enn i de øvrige nordiske land, mens prevalensen er sammenliknbar. Tall fra Sverige tyder på stabil insidens, men økende prevalens, forenelig med økt overlevelse. Norske og nordiske studier viser høy kvinneandel og sammenliknbar alder ved diagnose. Studiene tyder på en høyere alder ved diagnose i Skandinavia enn i USA og England. Ut fra de nordiske studier er overlevelsen ved SLE god, selv om den er lavere enn i den generelle befolkningen. Overlevelse i de nordiske og europeiske land er sammenliknbare.Selv om overlevelsen ved SLE er betydelig bedret over tid utgjorde aktiv SLE og infeksjoner 50% av dødsårsakene i den danske mortalitetsstudien. Aterosklerotisk hjerte-karsykdom var en hyppig dødsårsak i alle studiene. Kardiovaskulær sykdom som hovedårsak til død ved SLE er påvist i den store internasjonale studien hvor pasienter fra Island og Sverige deltok og i andre europeiske og internasjonale studier. Betydelig økt risiko for hjerteinfarkt hos unge SLE-kvinner i Sverige er også påvist tidligere i internasjonale studier og styrker teorien om at SLE per ce er en selvstendig risikofaktor for aterosklerose. Det er ønskelig med flere epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge.There has been few studies on the epidemiology of SLE in Norway. The studies that have been conducted show similar frequency and occurence of SLE in Norway in comparison to the other Nordic countries, and mainly occurence of mild disease with only a low proportion suffering severe internal organ involvement. Studies on incidence and prevalence in the northern part of Norway show a lower incidence than in other Nordic countries, but a

  16. Sundhedsorganisatorisk læreprocesser ved IKT-implementering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle

    Præsenteret d. 15 november 2005 ved reception for Kroghstræde 1 og E-Learning Lab: Center for brugerdreven Innovation, design and Learning. Institut for Kommunikation, Det humanistiske Fakultet, Aalborg Universitet......Præsenteret d. 15 november 2005 ved reception for Kroghstræde 1 og E-Learning Lab: Center for brugerdreven Innovation, design and Learning. Institut for Kommunikation, Det humanistiske Fakultet, Aalborg Universitet...

  17. Forældretilstedeværelse ved modtagelse og behandling af tilskadekomne og akut syge børn er formentlig hensigtsmæssig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Bredahl; Lomholt, Margrethe; Larsen, Claus Falck

    2011-01-01

    This review studies the literature on the effects of parental presence during treatment of injured and acutely ill children. Parents wish to stay with their child, and clinicians increasingly find it beneficial, probably correlated with increased experience. Studies indicate that the treatment...... of the child is not compromised by parental presence but only a few quasi-randomised, quantitative studies have been published, and many circumstances concerning parental presence have not been investigated sufficiently....

  18. Upaya Peningkatan Status Gizi Balita Malnutrisi Akut Berat Melalui Program Home Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Haryanti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrisi pada balita masih merupakan permasalahan di Indonesia termasuk di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Berdasarkan indikator berat badan menurut tinggi badan, 2,6% balita mengalami malnutrisi akut berat. Pada beberapa dekade terakhir, telah terjadi pergeseran paradigma dalam penanganan balita malnutrisi, yang sebelumnya berbasis pendekatan fasilitas kesehatan bergeser menjadi pendekatan berbasis komunitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh program home care terhadap peningkatan status gizi balita malnutrisi pada anak usia 6-60 bulan. Penelitian menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimen dengan pretest dan posttest control group melalui tiga tahap pendampingan yaitu intensif, mandiri, dan penguatan dengan pendekatan asuhan keperawatan. Sampel adalah 56 balita malnutrisi akut di dua wilayah, yaitu 33 balita di Kota Yogyakarta (eksperimen dan 23 balita di Kabupaten Sleman (kontrol dengan teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling. Intervensi home care diberikan selama tiga 3 bulan (Januari sampai Maret 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan setelah program home care, terjadi peningkatan yang signifikan pada status gizi balita (p < 0,05. Pada akhir intervensi, terjadi penurunan kejadian malnutrisi akut berat dari 100% menjadi 56,7% (p < 0,05. Improving Nutritional Status of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition Through Home Care Program Children undernutrition is still an issue in Indonesia, including in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Based on weight for height indicator, 2.6% children experience severe acute malnutrition. In the last few decades, there has been a paradigm shift in the management of acute malnutrition from a facility- based to community-centered approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of home care intervention on the improvement of nutritional status of severe acute malnutrition children aged 6-60 months. This study was designed with quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest control

  19. Ansvar for mangler ved salg af nedlagte landbrugsejendomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edlund, Hans Henrik

    1999-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres for, at loven om forbrugerbeskyttelse ved erhvervelse af fast ejendom m.v. som udgangspunkt ikke gælder for fast ejendom undergivet landbrugspligt, og reglerne for, i hvilke tilfælde og hvornår landbrugspligten bortfalder, gennemgås. Dernæst vurderes muligheden for, at sælger...... af nedlagte landbrugsejendomme alligevel kan aftale med købere, at loven skal gælde, således at sælgerne opnår ansvarsfrihed for faktiske mangler ved bygningerne, selv om landbrugspligten (endnu) ikke er bortfaldet....

  20. Cyberangreb vil blive ved med at koste kassen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørholst, Henrik

    2018-01-01

    Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler.......Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler....

  1. Atipik Özellikler Gösteren Akut Enflamatuvar Polinöropatili Bir Olgu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sule Aydin Turkoglu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral fasiyal paralizi, ilerleyici kas güçsüzlüğü ve elektrofizyolojik değerlendirmede akut motor aksonal polinöropati bulguları gösteren bir olgu sunulmaktadır. Öncesinde karın ağrısı, ishal ve grip benzeri şikayetlere sonrasında otonom anormallikler, görsel halüsinasyon epizotları, konuşma bozukluğu eklendi. Campylobacter jejuni enfeksiyonu, Lyme hastalığı ve porfiri ayırıcı tanısı yapıldı. Western-blot testi Lyme hastalığı birlikteliğini doğruladı. Ek olarak porfirine spesifik testler pozitif bulundu.

  2. Clinical aspects of acute inflammatory diseases of the brain; Klinisch-neurologische Aspekte akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, F.; Nolden-Koch, M. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Neurologische Klinik

    2000-11-01

    Despite the progress, which has been made in diagnosis and therapy of encephalitis and bacterial meningitis, these acute inflammatory diseases of the brain still display a certain amount of morbidity and mortality. History, physical examination, analysis of serum and cerebrospinal fluid and radiological examination are the mainstay for the diagnosis of these diseases. With respect to the acute inflammatory diseases of the brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging fulfil three purposes: 1. They can be used to clarify the diagnosis and to rule out other diseases. 2. They can identify the focus from which a bacterial meningitis can evolve. 3. Complications like edema, cerebral vasculitis, septic sinus thrombosis, hydrocephalus or abscess can be visualized. If the diagnosis is made early, the possible complications are recognized in good time and the appropriate therapy is started immediately, then morbidity and mortality can be kept at a minimum. (orig.) [German] Die bakterielle Meningitis und die Enzephalitis sind akut-entzuendliche Hirnerkrankungen, die trotz aller Fortschritte in der Diagnostik und Therapie mit einer nicht unerheblichen Morbiditaet und Mortalitaet behaftet sind. Die Anamnese, die koerperliche Untersuchung, die laborchemische Diagnostik von Blut und Liquor und die Bildgebung sind die wesentlichen Saeulen in der Diagnostik akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen. Die Bildgebung, die mittels Computertomographie bzw. Kernspintomographie erfolgt, hat in diesem Zusammenhang 3 Aufgaben: 1. Sie kann dazu beitragen, die Diagnose zu sichern bzw. differentialdiagnostisch in Erwaegung zu ziehende Erkrankungen auszuschliessen oder nachzuweisen. 2. Sie kann bei der bakteriellen Meningitis entzuendliche Foci im Bereich der Nasennebenhoehlen, des Mastoids oder des Mittelohrs erkennen, die sofort operativ saniert werden muessen. 3. Komplikationen akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen koennen bei entsprechendem klinischem Verdacht mittels Bildgebung

  3. Adfærdsændringer og omkostninger ved FFT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scavenius Sonne-Schmidt, Christoffer; Lindberg, Malene Rudolf

    2018-01-01

    Implementering af en ny indsats indebærer en afvejning af gevinster og omkostninger. Denne sammenfatning beskriver unges og voksnes udvikling henover et indsatsforløb med FFT og vurderer omkostningerne ved at implementere og drive et FFT-team. Dette er sammenfatning del I. Her opsummeres resultat...

  4. CT findings in acute small bowel diverticulitis; Computertomographie bei akuter Duenndarmdivertikulitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferstl, F.J.; Obert, R. [Radiologisch-Nuklearmedizinisches Zentrum (RNZ) am St. Theresienkrankenhaus Nuernberg (Germany)

    2004-02-01

    Small bowel diverticulitis is a rare cause of an acute abdomen. Originating from acquired diverticula of the jejunum, less often of the ileum, or Meckel diverticulum, the symptoms are non-specific, simulating other acute inflammatory disorders, such as appendicitis, cholecystitis or colonic diverticulitis. The diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis is solely based on radiologic findings, with computed tomography (CT) regarded as the method of choice. In recent years, a number of case reports have described the spectrum of the CT features in acute small bowel diverticulitis and its dependence on the severity of the inflammatory process. Typical findings are an inflamed diverticulum, inflammatory mesenteric infiltration, extraluminal gas collection and mural edema of adjacent small bowel loops with resultant separation of bowel loops. An enterolith is rarely found in an inflamed diverticulum. Complications include abscesses, fistulae, small bowel obstruction and free perforation with peritonitis. Small bowel diverticulitis can be a diagnostic problem if it involves the terminal ileum or Meckel's diverticulum. For preoperative confirmation of the presumed diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis on CT, an enteroclysis for acquired diverticula or a technetium scan for Meckel's diverticulum should be performed. We present the CT findings in three patients of acute small bowel diverticulitis, two affecting the jejunum and one a Meckel's diverticulum. (orig.) [German] Die akute Duenndarmdivertikulitis ist eine seltene Ursache eines akuten Abdomens. Ausgehend von den erworbenen Divertikeln des Jejunums, seltener des Ileums, oder von einem Meckel-Divertikel, manifestiert sich die Divertikulitis klinisch durch eine unspezifische Symptomatik, die zuerst an die haeufigeren, akutentzuendlichen Erkrankungen des Abdomens wie z. B. Appendizitis, Cholezystitis oder Kolondivertikulitis denken laesst. Die Duenndarmdivertikulitis kann praeoperativ nur durch

  5. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel fortsætter gennemgangen og vurderingen af argumentationen, i  IASBs  diskussions-rapport (DP) om mulige målegrundlag, der kan benyttes ved første indregning. DP'et peger entydigt på, at aktiver og forpligtelser bør måles til fair values, såfremt disse kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt...

  6. Genetablering af skov på stormfaldsarealer ved naturlig foryngelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunner, Andreas; Petersen, Flemming Rune

    foryngelse i forsøget blev registreret intensivt de første fire år efter stormfaldet i 1999. Resultaterne er foreløbige på grund af den korte tidshorisont, men viser, at det er muligt at genetablere skov på stormfaldsarealer ved hjælp af naturlig foryngelse. Foryngelsen kan i vid udstrækning bygge på de...

  7. Strømmålinger for ny forbindelse over Limfjorden i Lindholmlinien ved Aalborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.; Larsen, Torben

    På foranledning af "Undersøgelsesgruppen af 1. maj 1975", repræsenteret ved Rambøll og Hannemann A/S, Nørresundby har laboratoriet i november og december udført en række strømmålinger i området mellem Egholm og jernbanebroen i Limfjorden ved Aalborg med henblik på at fremskaffe et grundlag...... for vurderingen af besejlingsforholdene ved en kommende ny forbindelse over limfjorden ved lindholmlinien. Ved undersøgelsens planlægning har medvirket civilingeniør J. C. Schmidt, Rambøll og Hannemann A/S, ingeniørdocent H. F. Burchart og civilingeniør Torben Larsen. Herværende rapport er udarbejdet af Torben...

  8. Bør leger ha reservasjonsrett ved assistert befruktning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Magelssen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Omfanget av helsepersonells reservasjonsrett har nylig vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge. Vi spør om leger bør ha reservasjonsrett ved utførelse og henvisning til assistert befruktning, og drøfter argumenter for og imot ved hjelp av et rammeverk med sju kriterier for vurdering av reservasjon. Reservasjonsrettens grunnleggende dilemma er hvordan to viktige hensyn, henholdsvis pasientens rett til behandling og hensynet til helsepersonellets moralske integritet, best kan ivaretas. Det argumenteres for at leger bør ha rett til å reservere seg mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning generelt hvis begrunnelsen er hensynet til befruktede eggs moralske verdi. Videre finner vi at leger også kan ha en moralsk rett til reservasjon mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning for likekjønnede, men da på nærmere spesifiserte vilkår.Nøkkelord: reservasjonsrett, assistert befruktning, samvittighet, moralsk integritetEnglish summary: Should physicians have the right to conscientiously object to assisted reproduction?The extent of the healthcare worker's right to conscientious objection has recently been debated in Norway. This article asks whether physicians should have a right to conscientious objection to the performance of, and referral for, assisted reproduction, and discusses arguments for and against the same, utilizing a framework of seven criteria for the evaluation of conscientious objection. The fundamental dilemma of conscientious objection is how two important considerations can be reconciled: the patient's right to treatment, and the protection of the healthcare worker's moral integrity. It is argued that physicians should have the right to object to performing, assisting with, and referring for assisted reproduction generally when the objection is grounded in the moral value of the embryo. Furthermore, physicians may also have a moral right to object to performing, assisting with, and

  9. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, P.; Riget, F.; Asmund, G.

    Produktionen i bly-zink minevirksomheden i Maarmorilik ophørte i 1990. Miljøtilstanden i området er siden blevet undersøgt årligt ved indsamling og analyse for bly og zink i havvand samt lav og dyr fra området. Denne rapport præsenterer resulta-terne af de undersøgelser, som blev udført i 1997. I...... forhold til tidligere år var undersøgelserne i 1997 af mindre omfang, idet nogle elementer i det undersøgelsesprogram, som er planlagt udført efter minens lukning, ikke udføres hvert år. Spredning af bly og zink med støv fra minevirksomheden er undersøgt ved at indsamle og analysere lavarten Cetraria...... fleste tilfælde tydeligt lavere end i det lav, der naturligt vokser på den pågældende station. Forklaringen herpå er sandsynligvis, at det bly og zink der måles i naturligt voksende lav er akkumuleret i lavet over flere år, mens det der måles i transplanteret lav fortrinsvis repræsenterer det metal, der...

  10. Energi- og miljøvurdering ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holleris Petersen, E.

    En afprøvning af pc-værktøjet BEAT 2000's viser, at BEAT 2000 er et velegnet værktøj, der umiddelbart kan anvendes til energi- og miljøvurdering af renoveringssager. BEAT 2000 er afprøvet dels på renovering med energibesparende foranstaltninger i form af solfangere, solvægge og ventilationsanlæg...... med varmegenvinding, dels på mere traditionel renovering af små, utidssvarende lejligheder. En udbygning af datagrundlaget, især for alternative energibesparende løsninger og de materialer, der indgår, vil kunne reducere tidsforbruget ved definition af de utraditionelle og usædvanlige bygningsdele...

  11. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    IASB har publiceret en diskussionsrapport, i hvilken mulige målegrundlag, der kan anvendes ved første indregning i regnskabet, bliver afvejet i forhold til hinanden. Rapporten konkluderer, at fair values så vidt muligt bør anvendes, såfremt disse værdier kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt pålideligt. I...... modsat fald skal virksomhederne vælge et målegrundlag som substitut for fair values, der kan opgøres pålideligt. Substituttet skal være mest mulig konsistent med fair values, og anvendes på en måde, som bedst muligt afspejler det, som en måling til fair value sigter efter (the fair value measurement...

  12. Karpaltunnelsyndrom: Prognostiske og økonomiske forhold ved endoskopisk operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meldgaard, Anette

    Formål: At identificere prognostiske faktorer for genoptagelse af arbejde og normalisering af funktions¬niveau efter endoskopisk operation for karpaltunnelsyndrom. At vurdere de økonomiske konse¬kvenser i forhold til traditionel åben operation i en cost-effectiveness analyse med sparede syge......-tions¬tilfredshed samt symptom- og funktionsscore blev udfyldt. Udfra en simpel erhvervskorrigeret OR blev de signifikante prognostiske faktorer identificeret ved multipel logistisk regression. Her-udover blev der gennemført en cost-effectiveness analyse af endoskopisk operation i forhold til kon-ventionel åben...... operation. Effekten beregnedes som et vægtet gennemsnit af forskellen i antal post-operative sygedage estimeret i randomiserede kliniske undersøgelser af endoskopisk operation versus åben operation. Resultater: Den gennemsnitlige funktionsscore faldt fra 2,3 til 1,4 postoperativt (SD 0,8) og den gen...

  13. Acute chest pain: a purely clinical problem or a question for radiology; Der akute Thoraxschmerz, ein rein klinisches Problem oder radiologische Fragestellung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewe, C. [Medizinische Universitaet Wien, Klinische Abteilung fuer Kardiovaskulaere und Interventionelle Radiologie, Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria)

    2008-05-15

    Acute chest pain represents a very common clinical occurrence and at the same time poses a severe diagnostic dilemma. It can be due to an acute life-threatening event such as acute cardiac infarct, or a relatively harmless condition of pain and illness (e.g. vertebrogenic pain) under the main symptom category of acute chest pain. This often unclear symptomatic, behind which there can always be a life-threatening disease leads to an exaggerated grouping of patients into emergency cases and to an increased number of inpatients for observation. The diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome with no initial ECG changes typical for ischemia is especially problematic. The availability of modern multidetector computed tomography is becoming increasingly more important for radiologists in the diagnosis and clarification of acute chest pain. In this article the clinical difficulties and radiology options for the diagnosis of patients with acute chest pain will be presented and possible future algorithms for diagnosis will be discussed. (orig.) [German] Der akute Thoraxschmerz repraesentiert ein sehr haeufiges klinisches Beschwerdebild und gleichzeitig ein grosses diagnostisches Dilemma, koennen sich doch sowohl lebensbedrohliche akute Ereignisse (wie der akute Herzinfarkt) als auch mehr oder weniger harmlose Schmerzzustaende und Erkrankungen (wie vertebrogene Schmerzen) unter dem Leitsymptom 'akuter Thoraxschmerz' praesentieren. Diese oft nicht eindeutige Symptomatik, hinter der immer auch ein lebensbedrohliches Krankheitsbild stecken kann, fuehrt zu einer Uebertriagierung der Patienten in Notaufnahmen und zu einer grossen Anzahl an stationaeren 'Absicherungsaufnahmen'. Besonders die Diagnose eines akuten Koronarsyndroms (AKS) bei initial fehlenden ischaemietypischen EKG-Veraenderungen stellt eine spezielle Problematik dar. Durch die Verfuegbarkeit moderner ultraschneller Multidetektorcomputertomographen (MDCT) spielt der Radiologe in der Diagnostik und

  14. Perawatan Kandidiasis Pseuodomembran Akut dan Mukositis Oral pada Penderita Kanker Nasofaring yang Menerima Khemoterapi dan Radioterapi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Supriatno

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Terapi radiasi merupakan metode primer perawatan pasien kanker leher dan kepala. Perubahan funsional dan kerusakan jaringan oral menyebabkan timbulnya mukositia oral yang diikuti dengan kandidiasis oral. Tujuan: Melaporkan efek samping perawatan khemoterapi dan radioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring yang terjadi di rongga mulut berupa kandidiasis pseudomembran akut dan mukositis oral serta penatalaksanaannya. Kasus: Seorang laki-laki, 69 tahun, datang ke Bagian Gigi dan Mulut RSUP Dr. Sardjito, atas rujukan dari instalasi Penyakit Dalam., RSUP Dr. Sardjito, dengan keluhan sakit untuk menelan makanan dan mulutnya banyak bercak-bercak putih. Keluhan dirasakan satu minggu setelah dilakukan khemoterapi ke-3 dan radioterapi ke-9. Pasien didiagnosa kanker nasofaring (NPC dengan klasifikasi T2N3M0. Pemeriksaan klinik menunjukkan adanya lapisan putih pada mukosa lidah, pipi, palatum, dan mukosa bibir. Seluruh mukosa mulut berwarna merah tua dan terdapat anguler cheilitis di kedua sudut bibir. Pasien diklasifikasikan menderita mukositis oral derajat 1. Penatalaksanaan: Menghilangkan jaringan nekrotik dan debris dengan berkumur larutan perhidrol 3% dan pemberian medikasi termasuk tablet nistatin 500.000 IU, betadin kumur, dan larutan perhidrol 3% selama 1 minggu. Saat reevaluasi, pasien sudah dapat menelan dan makan yang sedikit keras tanpa ada rasa sakit lagi. Pemeriksaan klinis didapatkan bercak putih di lidah, palatum, pipi dan bibir sudah tidak ada. Warna mukosa oral telah normal, OHI dan kondisi umum baik dalam 1 minggu pasca perawatan. Kesimpulan: Perawatan kandidiasis dan mukositis oral akibat kemoradioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring telah berhasil dan kondisi oral membaik. Pasien dapat mengunyah dan menelan makanan tanpa ada rasa sakit, dan hasil pengobatan yang diberikan pada pasien sesuai dengan harapan operator.   Background: Radiation therapy remains the primary method of treatment for patients with head and neck

  15. Life and consciousness – The Vedāntic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter — and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself – omne vivum ex vivo – life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  16. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  17. Business information literacy: informasjonskompetanse ved Handelshøyskolen BI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Gimse

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available For å bli en informasjonskompetent student innenfor en internasjonal akademisk handelshøgskole, er det spesielle ferdigheter man må opparbeide seg. Det er ikke de samme kravene til hva en må kunne ved Odontologisk fakultet som ved BI, så heller ikke i bibliotekets sfære. De ferdighetene vi er på jakt etter å utvikle hos våre studenter er generiske for handelshøyskoler verden over, men allikevel er begrepet ”Business Information Literacy” et ganske nytt begrep, og som så mye annet hentet fra USA. Vi synes det er et spennende begrep, all den tid det definerer hva som er kravene, utover den enkelte handelshøyskoles sfære. Vi tror at det kommer til å etableres en standard for denne kompetansen i USA snart, men før dette er klart har vi sett på hva begrepet betyr for oss. Det har nemlig ledet oss mot en særegen undervisnings- og bibliotekpedagogikk. Tilføyelsen ”Business” til begrepet informasjonskompetanse kommer selvsagt på toppen av den generelle definisjonen, som vi også ”bekjenner” oss til og prøver å utvikle hos våre studenter og faglige. Begrepet springer ut av BIs fagområder der kravene til ”Business Information Literacy” kan innebære: • Kunne innhente emnespesifikk fag- og forskningslitteratur i relevante bibliografiske kilder • Kunne innhente makroøkonomiske data nasjonalt og internasjonalt • Kunne innhente forbrukerdemografiske data • Kunne innhente data typiske for markedsanalyse • Kunne innhente data innen bedrifts- industri- og bransjeanalyse • Kunne innhente finansielle data • Kunne bruke juridiske kilder • Kunne inkorporere funn i egne oppgaver etter akademisk standard Hva gjør vi for å utvikle disse ferdighetene hos våre studenter? Hvilke tiltak setter vi verk? Hva gjør handelshøyskoler verden over? Mange bibliotek utvikler i dag elæringsmateriale for å kunne nå det store antall studenter. Dette er også underveis hos oss.

  18. Oprensning af forureningen på depotet ved Høfde 42 ved hjælp af nul-valent jern

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjordbøge, Annika Sidelmann; Kjeldsen, Peter; Petersen, Peter Alfred

    Rapporten beskriver forsøg med nul-valent jern på forurenet vand og sediment fra depotet ved Høfde 42 på Harboøre Tange. Resultaterner viser, at parathion og malathion hurtigt og fuldstændigt bliver omdannet til langt mindre toksiske forbindelser, og endvidere nedbrydes mange af de tilstedeværende...

  19. Hubungan Kadar Gula Darah saat Masuk Rumah Sakit dengan Jenis Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willy Valerian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSindrom Koroner Akut (SKA merupakan spektrum dari penyakit arteri koroner yang tidak stabil, mulai dari angina pektoris tidak stabil sampai infark miokardium. SKA terbagi atas Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dan jenis SKA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Rekam Medik RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan mengambil data pasien SKA dari Januari 2012 sampai Desember 2012. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan jenis SKA dengan gula darah yang tidak normal dari 60 sampel, yaitu: UAP 25%, NSTEMI 35%, STEMI 40%. Hasil pengolahan data dapat dilihat bahwa nilai p = 0,592 yang artinya tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan jenis SKA. Hal ini terjadi mungkin karena terlalu sedikitnya sampel dan banyak sampel kriteria ekslusi dalam pencarian data. Sebaiknya dalam penelitian yang akan datang dapat memperbanyak sampel.Kata kunci: sindrom koroner akut, kadar gula darah, hubungan kadar gula darah dengan SKA AbstractAcute Coronary Syndrome (ACS is a spectrum of coronary artery disease that is not stable, ranging from unstable angina to myocardial infarction. Acute Coronary Syndrome is divided into Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between blood sugar levels when admitted to hospital and Acute Coronary Syndrome type by using cross sectional study. The study was conducted at the Medical Records RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang. The ACS data collected from January 2012 until December 2012. The results of this study was found the SKA with abnormal blood sugar of 60 samples, i.e. UAP25%, NSTEMI35%, 40% STEMI. On the results of data

  20. Implementering af e-læring ved danske universiteter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Heiberg

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Første gang publiceret i UNEV nr. 6: Organisering af e-læring, oktober - december 2005, red. Jørgen Gomme, Birgitte heiberg, Jens Dørup og Ambrosia Hansen. ISSN 1603-5518.

    Lige siden de første computere kom til landet har der været projekter, som tilsigtede at understøtte undervisning og læring ved hjælp af IKT. Understøttelsen har varieret som en bred vifte af forskellige former for medieanvendelse og grader af interaktion. Tilsvarende er diverse former for IKT-støttet undervisning og læring med forskellige betegnelser dukket op: Computer-Based Training (CBT, Computer Assisted Learning (CAL, Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL, Web-based Learning (WBL, blended learning, online læring, fleksibel læring, fjernundervisning, distribueret og åben uddannelse, m. fl.

  1. Acute abdomen. Clinical background and demands on imaging; Akutes Abdomen. Klinische Begriffsbestimmung und Anforderungen an die Bildgebung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graeb, C.; Jauch, K.W. [Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Campus Grosshadern, Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Chirurgie, Muenchen (Germany); Reiser, M.; Graser, A. [Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Campus Grosshadern, Institut fuer Klinische Radiologie, Muenchen (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    The term ''acute abdomen'' does not describe a specific disease entity but is more a critical clinical state which incorporates very heterogeneous clinical presentations. The prognosis of any disease depends on the time frame from the onset of symptoms to the initiation of a specific therapy. For this reason there are special expectations by clinicians regarding the diagnostic assessment provided by radiology which is expected to deliver an immediate diagnosis supporting further therapeutic decisions. Along with the patient's clinical history, physical examination and blood tests, radiological diagnostics are essential for enabling a specific treatment. From a surgical point of view the radiologist is expected to help in differentiating between cases with indications for emergency surgery and cases eligible for elective surgery or conservative treatment. (orig.) [German] Der Begriff ''akutes Abdomen'' stellt keine eigenstaendige Erkrankung dar, sondern beschreibt einen kritischen klinischen Zustand, unter dessen Oberbegriff sich die unterschiedlichsten Krankheitsbilder subsumieren lassen. Das Zeitintervall zwischen dem Auftreten der ersten Symptome bis zur Einleitung einer gezielten Therapie ist fuer die Prognose der Patienten der entscheidende Faktor. Aus diesem Grund bestehen besondere Anforderungen an die bildgebende Diagnostik, die dazu beitragen soll, innerhalb kuerzester Zeit eine moeglichst genaue Diagnose zu stellen. Neben Anamnese, klinischer Untersuchung und Labordiagnostik stellt die radiologische Untersuchung einen wesentlichen Baustein vor der Therapieeinleitung dar. Aus chirurgischer Sicht muessen Krankheitsbilder, die eine sofortige Notfalloperation erforderlich machen, von Erkrankungen differenziert werden, die eine elektive Chirurgie oder ein konservatives Vorgehen indizieren. (orig.)

  2. Hvilken rolle spiller hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk?

    OpenAIRE

    Varem, Andrea; Nervik, Lene

    2017-01-01

    Temaet for denne bacheloroppgaven er hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk. Etter en omfattende gjennomgang av eksisterende teori rundt kundereisen fikk vi et inntrykk av at det er et gap i forskningen knyttet til kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk, på tross av størrelsen på dette markedet. Det vi fant av teori på feltet var i stor grad basert på kvantitative undersøkelser, og vi ønsker derfor å belyse kundereisen i denne konteksten gjennom et kvalitativt forskningsdesign. Med ut...

  3. Gambaran Profil Lipid pada Pasien Infark Miokard Akut di RSUP M. Djamil Padang Periode 1 Januari 2011 - 31 Desember 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamuna Fathila

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfark Miokard Akut (IMA merupakan nekrosis otot jantung akibat terganggunya kebutuhan dan suplai oksigen ke jantung secara mendadak. Faktor risikonya adalah perubahan profil lipid yaitu Kolesterol total, Kolesterol LDL. Kolesterol HDL, dan trigliserida yang dikaitkan dengan pembentukan plak aterosklerosis. Manfaat penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA di RSUP M. Djamil Padang periode 1 Januari 2011-31 Desember 2012. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional study di bagian Rekam Medik RSUP M. Djamil Padang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur terbanyak pasien IMA 45-59 tahun, Jenis kelamin terbanyak pasien IMA adalah laki-laki, perbandingannya adalah 2,7 : 1, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol total tinggi 79 orang (38,92% dan normal 124 orang (61,08%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol LDL tinggi 76 orang (37,44% dan normal 127 orang (62,56%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol HDL rendah 145 orang (71,43% dan normal 58 orang (28,57%, dan Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar trigliserida tinggi 44 orang (21,67% dan normal 159 orang (78,33%.Kata kunci: infark miokard akut, kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, Kolesterol HDL, trigliserida AbstractAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI is a muscle necrosis of the heart through disruption of demand and supply of oxygen to the heart suddenly. Risk factors of AMI is a change of lipid profile (Total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, and Triglycerides associated with the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The benefit of this research is to reveal the lipid profile in patients with AMI. The objective of this study was to determine the description of lipid profile in patients with AMI at RSUP M. Djamil Padang period January 1st, 2011-December 31th, 2012. The study was conducted with descriptive methods to the design of cross sectional

  4. For bestemmelse af drivhusgasudledning ved udtagning/Ekstensivering af landbrugsjorder på kulstofrige lavbundsjorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldenkærne, Steen; Greve, Mogens Humlekrog

    Sammenfatning: Rapporten beskriver hvordan man kan beregne ændringen i drivhusgasemissionen ved omlægning af landbrugsjord til naturarealer. Rapporten er primært rettet mod tilskudsordningen vedr. udtagning af organiske lavbundsjorde, men kan også anvendes i andre sammenhænge. Rapporten anvender de...

  5. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1999-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, P.; Asmund, G.; Johansen, P.

    I rapporten dokumenteres og vurderes forureningstilstanden ved den nedlagte blyzinkmine i Maarmorilik på baggrund af prøveindsamling i området i 1999 og 2000. Undersøgelserne viser, at der stadig frigives bly og zink fra kilder i området, men at miljøpåvirkningen efter minens lukning er betydeligt...

  6. Miljøoptimering af afvaskning ved tryk med vandfortyndbar flexotrykfarve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Helweg, Christian; Pedersen, Anne Rathmann

    Rapporten beskriver praksis ved afvaskning af vandfortyndbare flexotrykfarver i emballageindustrien og anviser muligheder for indførelse af renere teknologi til reduktion af spildevandsbelastningen. Anbefalingerne omfatter a) udformning af farveværker med henblik på effektiv tømning af farve og e...

  7. Diagnostics of vascular diseases as a cause for acute abdomen; Diagnostik vaskulaerer Erkrankungen als Ursache fuer das akute Abdomen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juchems, M.S. [Universitaetsklinikum Ulm, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Ulm (Germany); Aschoff, A.J. [Klinikum Kempten-Oberallgaeu, Abteilung fuer Radiologie, Kempten (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    Vascular pathologies are rare causes of an acute abdomen. If the cause is a vascular disease a rapid diagnosis is desired as vascular pathologies are associated with high mortality. A differentiation must be made between arterial and venous diseases. An occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery is the most common reason for acute mesenteric ischemia but intra-abdominal arterial bleeding is also of great importance. Venous pathologies include thrombotic occlusion of the portal vein, the mesenteric vein and the vena cava. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) is predestined for the diagnostics of vascular diseases of the abdomen. Using multiphasic contrast protocols enables reliable imaging of the arterial and venous vessel tree and detection of disorders with high sensitivity and specificity. Although conventional angiography has been almost completely replaced by MDCT as a diagnostic tool, it is still of high importance for minimally invasive interventions, for example in the management of gastrointestinal bleeding. (orig.) [German] Vaskulaere Pathologien sind seltene Ursachen fuer den klinischen Zustand eines akuten Abdomens. Liegt eine vaskulaere Erkrankung vor, ist jedoch aufgrund der hohen Mortalitaet eine zuegige Diagnostik von grosser Wichtigkeit. Bei den Erkrankungen der abdominellen Gefaesse sind arterielle von venoesen Ursachen zu unterscheiden. Ein Verschluss der A. mesenterica superior ist die haeufigste Ursache fuer die akute Mesenterialischaemie, daneben sind Blutungen in den abdominellen Gefaessprovinzen des arteriellen Gefaessbaums von Bedeutung. Venoese Pathologien betreffen thrombotische Verschluesse der Pfortader, der V. mesenterica und der V. cava. Die Multidetektor-CT (MDCT) ist zur Diagnostik vaskulaerer Erkrankungen des Abdominalraums praedestiniert. Mit mehrphasigen Untersuchungsprotokollen gelingt es, den arteriellen und venoesen Gefaessbaum zuverlaessig darzustellen und Erkrankungen mit hoher Sensitivitaet und Spezifitaet zu

  8. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy.

  9. Neuropathological and neuroradiological aspects of acute disseminated encephalomyelitides (ADEM); Neuropathologische und neuroradiologische Aspekte akuter disseminierter Enzephalomyelitiden (ADEM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niedermayer, I.; Feiden, W. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuropathologie; Deinzer, M. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Abt. Neuroradiologie; Moringlane, J.R. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Neurochirurgische Klinik

    2000-11-01

    Among non-neoplastic lesions of the central nervous system, demyelinating pseudotumors of the group of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) most frequently occasion neurosurgical intervention for purposes of definitive diagnosis and thus enter the domain of the surgical pathologist. Typically, ADEM presents with multifocal, bilateral lesions in an asymmetrical distribution. Especially monolocular manifestations may be diagnostically challenging. Due to the acuteness of clinical symptoms and the expansive, space-occupying character of the lesions a diffuse glioma, a metastatic disease, a primary cerebral Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, brain abscess, a parasitosis or an ischemic brain tissue necrosis may be suspected. This impression is supported by uptake of contrast-medium most pronounced at the periphery of the lesion and the subcortical location. The histomorphologic feature of relative axonal preservation in areas with acute myelin breakdown and lymphocytic infiltrates make the diagnosis of an acute primary demyelinating disease probable. A diagnosis of glioma may be prompted by the florid, cytologically atypical astrogliosis especially in intraoperative request. Based on a series of 14 cases of radiologically and bioptically documented cases of ADEM typical examples will be demonstrated and discussed. (orig.) [German] Demyelinisierende Pseudotumoren aus dem Formenkreis akuter disseminierter Enzephalomyelitiden (ADEM-Gruppe) gehoeren zu den haeufigsten nichtneoplastischen Laesionen, die zumal in der bildgebenden neuroradiologischen Diagnostik das Bild einer Neoplasie vortaeuschen koennen. Typischerweise handelt es sich bei der ADEM um multifokale, bilaterale asymmetrische Laesionen. Differenzialdiagnostisch sind v.a. seltene monolokulaere Manifestationen bedeutsam, bei denen aufgrund der akuten klinischen Symptomatik sowie des expansiven raumfordernden Chrakters der Laesionen klinisch-radiologisch nicht selten ein hirneigener glialer Tumor, eine

  10. Bedre ældrepleje - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Helle; Schjoldager, Helle Højbo

    Projektet (forløb efteråret 2008 - foråret 2009) havde til formål at give personalet ved boformer for borgere med demens indsigt i og redskaber til at kommunikere med borgeren på en for begge parter anerkendende måde - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden. Det konkluderes at implementering af Marte Meo...... metoden har medført, at personalet har udviklet deres samspil og kommunikation med borgerne på en måde, der synes at fremme borgerens trivsel, værdighed og livsglæde og dermed bidrage til en øget livskvalitet. En række faktorer der henholdsvis fremmer og hæmmer implementeringen af Marte Meo metoden...

  11. Akut myeloid lösemi hastasında kronik dissemine kandidiyazisin başarılı tedavisi

    OpenAIRE

    K, Ozturk E; N, Soyer; S, Bayraktaroglu; M, Hekimgil; M, Tobu; B, Arda

    2014-01-01

    Kronik dissemine kandidiyazis (KDK) sistemik yaygın bir kandida enfeksiyonu çeşididir ve nötropenik hastaları etkiler. Bu vaka sunumunda remisyon indüksiyon kemoterapisi sırasında KDK tanısı alan ve sırasıyla amfoterisin B ve flukonazol ile tedavi edilen bir akut myeloid lösemi olgusu sunulmuştur. Kemoterapi sonrası geniş spektrumlu antibiyotiklere yanıtsız ateş ortaya çıktı. Lipozomal amfoterisin B (Lip-Amf-B) tedavisi başlandı. Serum galaktomannan (GM) testi ve kan kültürleri negatifti. Yük...

  12. AKUT: a process for the separation of aerosols, krypton, and tritium from burner off-gas in HTR-fuel reprocessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser, M.; Barnert-Wiemer, H.; Beaujean, H.; Merz, E.; Vygen, H.

    1975-01-01

    The AKUT process consists of the following process steps: (1) aerosol retention by an electrostatic separator followed by HEPA filters, (2) oxidation of CO with O 2 or reaction of excess O 2 with CO, respectively, (3) compression, (4) scrubbing and/or liquefaction, (5) separation of krypton by distillation, and (6) separation of tritiated water and iodine by adsorption or chemical reaction. Liquefied off-gas with low permanent gas content resulting from graphite burning with oxygen may be distilled at ambient temperature. Off-gas with higher permanent gas content from burning with oxygen enriched air must be processed at lower temperature. The ambient temperature flow sheet is preferable from an economic as well as safety point of view. (U.S.)

  13. ABC-VED analysis of expendable medical stores at a tertiary care hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sushil; Chakravarty, A

    2015-01-01

    The modern system of medicine has evolved into a complex, sophisticated and expensive treatment modality in terms of cost of medicines and consumables. In any hospital, approximately 33% of total annual budget is spent on buying materials and supplies including medicines. ABC (Always, Better Control)-VED (Vital, Essential, Desirable) analysis of medical stores of a large teaching, tertiary care hospital of the Armed Forces was carried out to identify the categories of drugs needing focused managerial control. Annual consumption and expenditure data of expendable medical stores for one year was extracted from the drug expense book, followed by classification on its annual usage value. Subsequently, the factor of criticality was applied to arrive at a decision matrix for understanding the need for selective managerial control. The study revealed that out of 1536 items considered for the study, 6.77% (104), 19.27% (296) and 73.95% (1136) items were found to be A, B and C category items respectively. VED analysis revealed that vital items (V) accounted for 13.14% (201), essential items (E) for 56.37% (866) and desirable accounted for 30.49% items (469). ABC-VED matrix analysis of the inventory reveals that only 322 (21%) items out of an inventory of 1536 drugs belonging to category I will require maximum attention. Scientific inventory management tools need to be applied routinely for efficient management of medical stores, as it contributes to judicious use of limited resources and resultant improvement in patient care.

  14. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2013 (BU2013), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    Undersøgelserne er en fortsættelse af de afsluttende undersøgelser ved Bulbrogård fra 2012 og er en del af forskningsprojektet Førkristne Kultpladser ved forskningsprofessor Lars Jørgensen, Nationalmuseet. Lokaliteten blev opdaget i 1995 i forbindelse med forundersøgelsen på bopladsområdet ved Ti...

  15. Consciousness, Cognition and the Cognitive Apparatus in the Vedānta Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R.

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it. PMID:21694962

  16. Hvad ved vi? Hvad vil vi? Hvad gør vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Lisbeth Angela Lunde

    2011-01-01

    fokus på professionslæring og kompetenceudvikling i et livslangt læringsperspektiv. DEtte kan gøres ved at man i kommunerne tænker i tre forskellige former for mentoring de første to år.: en til en menoring, supervision og transparen det første år og gruppementoring det andet år efterfulgt af peer......-group mentoring de følgende år som led i dels den kommunale skoleudvikling, dels i lærernes fortsatte professionelle udvikling....

  17. Tilsetningsstoff og tekniske hjelpestoff ved produksjon av filet av hvitfisk. Faglig sluttrapport

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzen, Grete Elisabeth

    2017-01-01

    Målsettingen med dette prosjektet har vært å øke den generelle kunnskapen om bruk av tilsetningsstoffer og tekniske hjelpestoffer ved produksjon av hvitfiskfilet. I prosjektet er det gjennomført et litteraturstudium på hvilken effekt ulike tilsetningsstoffer har på fiskefilet. Deretter er det laget en veileder hvor målet har vært å gi en lettfattet og oversiktlig informasjon om hvilke tilsetningsstoffer det er lov å bruke, hvilken effekt de har, og eksempler på praktisk bruk av tilsetningssto...

  18. Hubungan Kadar Glukosa Darah Saat Masuk Rumah Sakit Dengan Lama Hari Rawat Pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA Di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosi Oktarina

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHiperglikemia masih menjadi topik penelitian yang sering dihubungkan dengan kejadian sindrom koroner akut (SKA di dunia, terutama hiperglikemia saat masuk rumah sakit. Hal ini didasari oleh beberapa pengaruh kadar glukosa darah yang tinggi terhadap sistem kardiovaskuler seperti gangguan fungsi ventrikel kiri, stroke volume yang menurun, regurgitasi katup mitral berulang, gangguan pada waktu pengisian diastolik hingga risiko tinggi untuk arritmia, serta hubungannya dengan peningkatan risiko trombosis. Sehingga semakin memperjelas pengaruh hiperglikemia yang tidak hanya dapat meningkatkan risiko terjadinya SKA, melainkan juga dapat memperburuk kondisi pasien SKA sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi hubungan kadar glukosa darah sewaktu dengan lama hari rawat pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian analitik dengan menggunakan desain penelitian Cross Sectional Study. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diambil di Instalasi Rekam Medik (Medical Record, yakni data rekam medik pasien yang didiagnosis sebagai Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA yang dirawat inap di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat DR. M. Djamil Padang Periode Januari–Desember 2011. Ditemukan sebagian besar pasien SKA masuk rumah sakit dengan kadar Glukosa Darah Sewaktu (GDS sebesar ≥ 200 mg/dl (40% dan lama hari rawat sebesar ≥ 7 hari (52%. Dari hasil analisa bivariat dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman ditemukan adanya hubungan searah antara kadar glukosa darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan lama hari rawat pasien SKA dengan kekuatan hubungan yang sedang, r = +0,492, p = 0, 000 (p<0,05. Pemantauan terhadap kadar GDS yang diperiksa saat pasien masuk rumah sakit perlu dilakukan dan untuk penelitian yang akan datang diharapkan dapat diteliti lebih lanjut faktor-faktor lain yang mempengaruhi lama hari rawat pasien SKA.Kata kunci: Kadar glukosa darah saat masuk RS, lama hari rawatAbstractHyperglicemia is still become a research

  19. Akut smertebehandling af stofmisbrugere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rindom, Henrik; Højsted, Jette; Brünés, Nina

    2017-01-01

    The challenge of managing acute pain in opioid-addicted patients is a question of fully understanding the pharmacological effects of the illegal drugs and to prevent overdosing or withdrawal symptoms. It requires a thorough knowledge of the patient's daily consumption of legal and illegal drugs...... and an understanding obtained through an accepting and empathetic communication with the patient. Substitution management aims to prevent opioid withdrawal symptoms and is not a means of managing pain. When planning the pain management the patient must receive at least 25% of the daily methadone dose, recalculated...

  20. Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2009-01-01

    establishing rebels or other opponents as criminals and bandits has often legitimized cruel oppression of them. Felons have sometimes been accused of specific crimes in order to legitimize interrogation techniques and punishments, which would otherwise have been deemed too harsh and brutal. Allusions...... the importance of the term as a rhetorical device in legal disputes and chronicles. The appearance of akuto in sources from this period does therefore not suggest growing ‘unlawfulness' in the provinces in this period, but rather a result of a growing application of central authority and law to local disputes...

  1. Acute abdomen. Akutes Abdomen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beger, H.G.; Kern, E. (eds.)

    1987-01-01

    The book first presents the anatomy and physiology of the abdomen and continues with chapters discussing clinical and laboratory aspects and a suitable order of diagnostic examinations with reference to the acute processes, explaining the diagnostic tools: ultrasonography, radiography including angiography and CT, tapping techniques and endoscopy together with their basic principles, examination techniques, and diagnosis. One chapter presents a complete survey of the processes involving the entire abdomen - as e.g. peritonitis, ileus, abdominal trauma, intraperitoneal hemorrage. This chapter profoundly discusses the diagnostics and therapies including emergency measures and surgery. Problems requiring consultation among varous specialists, in internal medicine, gynecology, urology, or pediatrics, are discussed in great detail. Information for the anesthetist is given for cases of emergency. More than one third of the book is devoted to organ-specific information, dicussing the pathogenesis, diagnostics, and therapy of the oesophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, bile ducts, pankreas, liver, spleen, and the abdominal vessels and the abdominal wall. (orig.) With 153 figs., 90 tabs.

  2. Akut kulilteforgiftning efter vandpiberygning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Jakob Felbo; Villads, Kasper von Rosen; Sonne, Morten

    2016-01-01

    Carbon monoxide poisoning is potentially lethal, and early recognition and treatment is essential. An 18-year-old man was admitted due to syncope and a carboxyhaemoglobin level of 17% after water pipe tobacco smoking. He received normo- and hyperbaric oxygen as treatment and was discharged after...

  3. Anvendelse af MIP ved kildekarakterisering og vurdering af nedbrydning af chlorerede opløsningsmidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Mette Martina; Janniche, Gry Sander; Damgaard, Ida

    2014-01-01

    Membrane Interface Probing (MIP) er et 'direct push' screeningsværktøj, som kan anvendes ved karakterisering af forurenede grunde. Karakterisering af kildeområder med chlorerede opløsningsmidler (som DNAPL) udgør et vigtigt led i udviklingen af den konceptuelle forståelse, som er essentiel...... for risikovurdering og valg af afværgestrategi. Integreret karakterisering med en række metoder for direkte såvel som indirekte dokumentation af DNAPL i moræneler, herunder MIP, er beskrevet i Kerrn-Jespersen et al. (2013). Det samlede DNAPL-karakteriseringsprojekt er beskrevet i detaljer i Janniche et al. (2013). En...... vurdering af anvendte detektorer for MIP er foretaget af Olsson (2013). Ved karakterisering af forurening med bl.a. chlorerede opløsningsmidler er der behov for en vurdering af forureningssammensætning og nedbrydning. Tilsvarende vurdering er nødvendig, når udviklingen af stimuleret reduktiv dechlorering...

  4. Internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland: Forskningsbaggrund og -design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2003-01-01

    Formålet med dette Working Paper er at fastlægge en metodologi for et kommende studium af de internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland. I det følgende afsnit vil der derfor blive redegjort generelt for, hvad...

  5. Infiltrationsanæstesi som postoperativ smertebehandling ved hoftenær femurfraktur - et igangværende studie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Rune Dueholm

    2008-01-01

    pertrochantær femurfraktur og collum femoris fraktur inkluderes. 50 patienter indgår i hver af de to diagnose-grupper (to delstudier). Ved randomisering tildeles patienterne hhv. Ropivacain eller placebo (NaCl), der gives som 1 peroperativ og 6 postoperative bolusinstillationer via et kateter, som fjernes efter...

  6. Monitering, modellering og miljøvurdering af fuldskala afværge af TCE fourening ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Claus; Lemming, Gitte; Janniche, Gry Sander

    På Sortebrovej 26 i Tommerup blev der i 2006 gennemført afværgeforanstaltninger ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering (SRD) ved injektion af donor og bakterier i kildeområdet med henblik på at oprense en forurening med TCE. Kildeområdet befinder sig 10-20 m u. t. i sandet og opsprækket moræneler...... gunstige forhold for nedbrydning af de klorerede ethener ved reduktiv deklorering. Der ses da også en klar dominans af nedbrydningsprodukterne DCE og VC samt ethen og ethan i grundvandet. I nogle boringer, ses dog en stagnerende omsætning af TCE og DCE i grundvandet. Årsagen her til kan være, at donoren...... da også fordoblet fra 2008 til 2010. Der er observeret zoner med betydelig omsætning af TCE, hvor cis-DCE dominerer, og der ses generelt VC og ethen centralt i disse zoner. Koncentrationsniveauet af fermenteringsprodukter er aftaget og består ved en sandslire (B370 K1) alene af acetat og methan...

  7. Kommunikation ved brug af mobile enheder med digital video i idræt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langagergaard Rødbro, Lise; Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres kort for et projekt, som førte frem til en videoplatform, der er et bud på et ’lukket YouTube’, hvor video filmet med smartphone direkte kan uploades til, og med funktioner specifikt udviklet til skolens idrætsundervisning. Med afsæt i systemisk kommunikationsteori analyseres...... observations- og interviewda-ta for at belyse den kommunikation, der foregår ved brug af platformen. Senere diskuteres resultaterne ud fra kommunikationstrekanten, og der skitseres en model for videostøttet undervisning i idræt ud fra Batesons kommunikations- og læringsniveauer. Gennem analyser af platformens...

  8. Ved du, hvad der er i dine varer, når du handler?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillip, Anja; Smith, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    I supermarkedet på vej hjem køber du ind til madpakken. Ved kølemontren med pålæg ser du en pakke Gårdlykke Hønsesalat. ... Måske vælger du den uden at tænke nærmere over hvorfor, eller fordi emballagen og navnet får hønsesalaten til at fremstå lokal, hjemmelavet eller økologisk. ... Alt dette ba...... bakkes op af resultaterne fra årelang forskning på CBS, hvor universitetets forskergruppe Fair-Speak har undersøgt emballagernes måde at påvirke forbrugerne til at købe produktet....

  9. Numerisk modellering af formfyldning ved støbning i selvkompakterende beton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Jon

    dækker over mange emner. I denne afhandling er der fokuseret på tre af dem ved hjælp af Finite Difference Method (FDM) / Finite Volume Method (FVM) baserede Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeller udviklet i både FLOW-3D og MATLAB. Den første undersøgelse fokuserer på de komplikationer der er knyttet...... til at forudse separation under fyldning i SKB støbninger. De to FDM/FVM baserede CFD modeller afviger fra hinanden via deres tilslags repræsentation, som var en diskret metode (envejs momentum kobling) for den første og en skalar metode for den anden. Det viste sig, at det var mindst omfattende...

  10. VEDS-Automated system for inspection of vehicles and containers for explosives and other threats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gozani, T.; Liu, F.; Sivakumar, M.

    2004-01-01

    Many parts of national infrastructures around the world are very vulnerable to terrorist threats in the form of large vehicle bombs. The larger bomb, the larger is the damage and its extent. The number of containers and vehicles crossing land or sea ports of entry is huge. Tough the probability is low, any vehicle may contain a threat. Any system addressing these enormous security tasks should obviously be based on excellent human intelligence to focus the attention on a much smaller number of high-risk containers and vehicles. These containers must then be subjected to a thorough and reliable inspection for the threats.Viable security system must incorporate a credible and effective inspection to achieve its purposes. It should have high performance and be operationally acceptable. This means the system must possess high detection capabilities, low false positive rate, fast response and provide automatic decision eliminating the need for human interpretation. Ancore has developed a range of new inspection devices, which are highly suitable for the above tasks. All the systems are automatic, material specific, high performance for a wide range and type of threats. Some of them are also highly modular, and compact. Some of the systems are fixed, other are relocatable, or fully mobile. The presentation will discuss Ancore's VEDS (Vehicle Explosive Detection System) which detects bulk explosives (expandable also to radiological and nuclear threats)) in marine containers, trucks and cars. The compact and rugged nature of the VEDS sensor makes it suitable for many forms of conveyance: mobile (van mounted), portal, forklift mounted, or mounted on container unloading rig. The physics principles of the system and some recent applications and results will be presented

  11. Modulbaserte kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet, UiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hege Folkestad

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Universitetsbiblioteket i Bergen har utarbeidd eit modulbasert kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet. Biblioteket har samarbeidd med fakultetet om innhald, tidspunkt og annonsering, for i størst mogeleg grad å nå studentane og tilpasse til deira behov. Kurset er ikkje obligatorisk, men anbefalast sterkt av fakultetet, som vektlegg overførbare ferdigheiter hjå doktorandane. Evalueringane så langt er svært gode, og kurset vidareførast derfor i noverande form. Generell teori er skilt ut, og presentert i tre plenumssesjonar over til saman 5 timar: 1 Strukturelle trekk ved vitskapleg litteratur, generell søketeknikk, reiskapar for søk og gjenfinning, oppdateringstenester og evaluering av skriftleg materiale 2 Siteringsstatistikk 3 Publisering, inklusive opphavsrettslege problemstillingar, Open Access, sjølvarkivering og institusjonelle arkiv. Stoff som knyttast til praktiske ferdigheiter vert presentert i workshop-form for mindre grupper i kursrom med PC-tilgang. Vi tilbyr såleis valfrie, separate, 1-2 t workshops i databasesøking, inndelt etter plattform (i.e. alle Thomson-Reutersbasane samla, alle CSA-basane samla osb.. Vidare tilbyr vi 2 t workshops i referansehandtering (EndNote. For nye brukarar vektleggast innlegging av referansar, val av stil, generering av referanselister og bruk av EndNote med Word, for erfarne brukarar vektleggast fulltekstnedlasting, oppretting av bibliografi frå fleire dokument, samarbeid om EN-bibliotek og oppretting av nye stilar. Med modulbasert kurs står studentane fritt til å stå over kjent stoff, kombinere databasekurs eller EndNote-nivå, eller kome tilbake for modular som er meir relevante seinare i løpet. I denne presentasjonen leggast vekta på plenumssesjon 1 og workshop-modulane.

  12. ANALYSE AV SAMVARIASJON MELLOM MÅLT ARBEIDSBELASTNING (NAS) OG DEN SUBJEKTIVE OPPLEVELSEN AV ARBEIDSBELASTNINGEN (NASA-TLX) VED INTENSIVAVDELINGER

    OpenAIRE

    Graarud, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Sykehus generelt og intensivavdelinger spesielt er under økende press for å kunne drive god og riktig ressursforvaltning. Dermed øker også behov for å kunne dokumentere intensiv-avdelingenes aktivitet og ressursbehov. Nursing Activities Score (NAS) blir ved flere av landets intensivavdelinger brukt som scoringsverktøy for arbeidsbelastning. Det er et verktøy som har til hensikt å kartlegge behovet for antall sykepleiere per pasient. Det er i Norge flere sykepleiere per intensivpasi...

  13. Hvordan ser den ost ud, som De ikke ved, De vil elske om to år?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    2006-01-01

    Kender de Deres "latente behov"? Det gør De selvfølgelig ikke. Det er jo definitionen af begrebet: Et latent behov er et behov, som man ikke ved, at man har, men som kommer til overfladen, når man møder det rigtige produkt, som opfylder netop dette behov. Latente behov vedrører derfor den ost, vi...

  14. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  15. Hvis du ikke har plads ved bordet – så tag en stol med dig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evron, Lotte Orr

    2017-01-01

    Sådan lød opfordringen fra sygeplejersker i høje politiske positioner på ministerie- og NGO-niveau til deltagerne på ICN 2017 kongressen i Barcelona. Hovedbudskabet var, at vi som sygeplejersker skal bruge vores faglighed, viden og magt til at skabe mere sundhed for alle verdens borgere. Sygeplej......Sådan lød opfordringen fra sygeplejersker i høje politiske positioner på ministerie- og NGO-niveau til deltagerne på ICN 2017 kongressen i Barcelona. Hovedbudskabet var, at vi som sygeplejersker skal bruge vores faglighed, viden og magt til at skabe mere sundhed for alle verdens borgere....... Sygeplejersker har både viden og faglighed til at skabe forandring og flytte sundhed på det lokale og globale plan. Desværre tager al for få sygeplejersker magten og skaber sig en plads ved det bord, hvor de store sundhedspolitiske beslutninger tages....

  16. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    laboratoriet ved forskellige temperaturer med godt resultat. En mindre afprøvning under dambrugsforhold har også givet gode resultater. Før det kan komme på tale bruge vaccinen ude, skal den dog godkendes af sundhedsmyndighederne. Egtvedsyge findes i flere lande i Europa og er kendt som en meget tabsvoldende......Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... koder for virusets overfladeprotein. Når plasmidet sprøjtes ind i en fisks rygmuskel, vil det blive optaget af en del af muskelcellerne på injektionsstedet, dog uden at plasmidets gener kommer ind i cellernes egne kromosomer. Fidusen er, at disse muskelceller herefter kan lave virusproteinet på samme...

  17. Grasping at ontological straws: overcoming reductionism in the Advaita Vedānta-Neuroscience dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    Contemporary neuropsychology reveals that the parietal lobe contains neurons that are specifically attuned to the act of grasping and this act may be fundamental to the establishment of the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Furthermore, alterations to this process, such as the hypoactivation of this region during meditation or the hyperactivation associated with schizophrenia, may eliminate or confuse, respectively, the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Traversing disciplines, the Advaita Vedānta school of Hinduism traces some of its key terms for subject and object to the verbal root grah, to grasp. The subject is literally the grasper. Furthermore, the practice of asparśa yoga, the yoga of no-touch, is aimed at stopping, hypoactivating, the grasping process in order to transcend all subject-object boundaries. This paper will argue that while we have not uncovered an identity of thought, we have uncovered a confluence of ideas between these two disciplines. We will see that this confluence of ideas has not pitted the believer against the critic-not forced us into the great reductionism debate that has dominated so much of the interchange between religious studies and the sciences. This case study will illuminate some of the methodological ways around this reductionism battle and also the boundaries of both disciplines for the intellectual benefit of each.

  18. UJI TOKSISITAS AKUT FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT BATANG DAN DAUN PACAR AIR (Impatiens balsamina Linn TERHADAP TIKUS PUTIH BETINA GALUR SPRAGUE DAWLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nia Anzini

    2014-06-01

    ,05, tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada konsumsi minum harian antara kelompok perlakuan dengan kontrol aquadest  (p>0,05 dan terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara tikus kontrol CMC dan perlakuan (p<0,05. Berdasarkan hasil scoring kerusakan hati dan ginjal menunjukkan fraksi etil asetat batang dan daun pacar air secara histologi merusak organ hati, namun tidak menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal hewan uji Kata kunci:    toksisitas akut, fraksi etil asetat, Impatiens balsamina Linn, OECD 425

  19. Undersøgelse af Magnuseffekten på en cylinder ved brug af dimensionsanalyse og empirisk data

    OpenAIRE

    Lauritzen, Ann Katrine Toft; Clarke, Danijel Charles; Ajslev, Mikkel Zielinski; Victor, David Eklund; Bisgaard, Stefan; Thomsen, Malina Masik Talita Isaksen; Larsen, Emil Ellegaard

    2016-01-01

    Projektet har til formal at undersøge tværkraften, der optærder på en roterende cylinder, sombevæger sig relativt til et fluid. Tværkraften kender man som Magnuskraften, og er oftest beskreveti forhold til en roterende sfære. En mangel på viden om Magnuskraftens opførsel på cylindrehar inspireret os til projektet. Dette emne undersøges gennem dimensionsanalyse og ved brugaf empirisk data. Der indledes med et kapitel om grundlæggende teori indenfor fluiddynamikfor at give en kvalitativ forståe...

  20. Spa-typing av stammer av Staphylococcus aureus fra blodkulturer analysert ved UNN Tromsø 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Midtgard, Anette

    2011-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Staphylococcus aureus er et av de vanligste patogenene som kan skape sykdom hos mennesket. Mange av oss er bærere av bakterien i nese eller hals, og det er vist at persisterende bærere har høyere risiko for å utvikle S. aureus-infeksjoner enn andre. De fleste S. aureus-infeksjonene blant bærere er forårsaket av pasientens egen bakteriestamme. Materiale og metode: 140 blodkulturisolater fra pasienter med S. aureus bakteriemi analysert ved Avdeling for mikrobiologi og smitte...

  1. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av ADHD Rating Scale IV, Skoleversjon (ADHD-RS-IV Skole)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Bøe, Tormod

    2011-01-01

    - Beskrivelse. ADHD-RS-IV Skole er et spørreskjema som skal fylles ut av lærere eller førskolelærere for å fange opp ADHD-symptomer hos barn og ungdom. Spørreskjemaet har 18 ledd med fire svaralternativer. Det tar under 20 minutter å fylle ut. Hovedskalaen og de to delskalaene skåres ved å summere enkeltskårer. Kompetansekrav for bruk av ADHD-RS-IV inkluderer generell opplæring i testbruk, samt yrkesstatus som psykolog, lege, annet helsepersonell med utdanning på mastergradsnivå, spesialpe...

  2. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av ADHD Rating Scale – IV Hjemmeversjon (ADHD-RS-IV Hjemme)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Bøe, Tormod

    2011-01-01

    - Beskrivelse. ADHD-RS-IV Hjemme er et spørreskjema som skal fylles ut av mor, far, verge eller besteforeldre for å fange opp ADHD-symptomer hos barn og ungdom. Spørreskjemaet har 18 ledd med fire svaralternativer. Det tar under 20 minutter å fylle ut. Hovedskalaen og de to delskalaene skåres ved å summere enkeltskårer. Kompetansekrav for bruk av ADHD-RS-IV inkluderer generell opplæring i testbruk, samt yrkesstatus som psykolog, lege, annet helsepersonell med utdanning på ...

  3. Generelle aspekter ved mediereception? – Et bud på en multidimensional model for analyse af kvalitative receptionsinterviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Schrøder

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Findes der generelle aspekter ved receptionen af medieprodukter, som det kan være analytisk frugtbart at orientere sig efter, og som man altid bør belyse, når man analyserer kvalitative receptionsdata – og måske også allerede når man skal planlægge det empiriske feltarbejde i et em- pirisk receptionsprojekt? Denne artikel bygger på, at dette spørgsmål kan besvares bekræftende, og fremlægger et bud på, hvordan en multi- dimensional model for kvalitativ receptionsanalyse kunne se ud.

  4. Conformal radiation therapy of localized prostate cancer: acute tolerance and early evaluation of effectiveness; Konformierende Strahlentherapie des lokalisierten Prostatakarzinoms: Akute Toleranz und fruehe Wirksamkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zierhut, D. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany); Flentje, M. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany); Sroka-Perez, G. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany); Rudat, V. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany); Engenhart-Cabillic, R. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany); Wannenmacher, M. [Klinische Radiologie, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany)

    1997-02-01

    Aim: In a prospective trial early effectiveness and acute toxicity of conformal 3D-planned radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer was quantified using dose-volume-histogramms and evaluated with respect of treatment technique. Results: Eleven patients (of 32) had none, 15 mild (RTOG grade 1) and 6 moderate symptoms (RTOG grade 2, mainly diarrhoea, dysuria and polyuria). Acute complications leading to treatment interruption did not occur. In 16 patients symptoms disappeared within 6 weeks after radiotherapy. Only 2 men had symptoms which lasted longer than 3 months and were endoscopically examined. Up to now no late complications were detected. Incidence and severity of toxicity was significantly (p<0,05) related to the size of treatment volume. Akute toxicity was found to depend statistically significant (p<0,05) on the proportional volume of bladder and rectum, irradiated with more than 35 Gy. In 81% of the patients with pretherapeutic elevated PSA levels normalisation of PSA was observed. Overall mean PSA levels of 15.7{+-}22.6 {mu}g/l at the beginning of radiotherapy fell to 2.1{+-}3.7 {mu}g/l 6 weeks after irradiation. Only 1 Patient relapsed locally 22 months after radiation therapy. Conclusion: We conclude that due to modern 3D-planned conformal techniques with optimization of treatment dose and improved protection of critical organs such as urinary bladder and rectum, radiotherapy allows an effective and well tolerated therapy of localized prostatic carcinoma. (orig./VHE) [Deutsch] Ziel: Quantifizierung der fruehen Wirksamkeit und akuten Toxizitaet der 3D-geplanten und konformierenden Strahlentherapie des lokalisierten Prostatakarzinoms mittels Dosis-Volumen-Histogramm sowie Untersuchung der Abhaengigkeit von der Bestrahlungstechnik in einer prospektiven Studie. Ergebnisse: Elf Patienten hatten keine, 15 leichte (RTOG Grad I) und sechs maessiggradige Nebenwirkungen (RTOG Grad II, meist Diarrhoe, Dysurie und Polyurie). Bei keinem Patienten musste die

  5. Elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Hvad ved vi og hvad mangler vi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibeke Christensen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available I Danmark er der med de nye Fælles Mål fra 2014 indført et krav om, at eleverne skal kunne lave større multimodale produktioner. Også i de øvrige skandinaviske lande indgår arbejde med multimodale tekster med forskellig betegnelse i læreplanen for modersmålsfaget. Det er således relevant at undersøge, hvad man ved om elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Denne artikel bidrager med en gennemgang af nordisk forskning inden for området og med udblik til den øvrige vestlige verden. Teoretisk beskrives multimodalitet med udgangspunkt i New London Groups programartikel fra 1996 og den udvikling af multimodalitet, som gruppen omkring Kress og van Leeuwen har bidraget med. Resultaterne af forskningsgennemgangen præsenteres i fem temaer: terminologi, didaktik, undervisning, elevudbytte og vurdering. Diskussion pågår løbende inden for hvert tema, og der peges på didaktiske perspektiver.Nøgleord: multimodale tekster, tekstkompetence, elevpræstation, skrive-pædagogik, produktion, vurderingAbstractIn the new curriculum for the subject Danish from 2014, it is a requirement that students should be able to create major multimodal productions. Working with multimodal texts in the mother tongue subject is included in the curricula for all three Scandinavian countries. Therefore, it is relevant to consider what is already recognized as students’ production of multi-modal texts. This article offers a brief review based on the Nordic research together with a brief look towards the rest of the Western world’s research on multimodality. This paper’s theoretical foundation is based on the New London Group’s article from 1996, “Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures”, and the development of multimodality that re-searchers and scholars surrounding Kress and van Leeuwen have contributed with. The results of the research will be presented in the following five themes: terminology, education, teaching, pupil performance

  6. Risici ved ophævelsen af kvotebekendtgørelsen for NOx og SO2 for kraftværkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Nielsen, Malene

    Rapporten belyser de mulige konsekvenser ved ophævelse af ”Bekendtgørelse om begrænsning af udledning af svovldioxid og kvælstofoxider fra kraftværker”, nr. 885 af 18. december 1991. (Herefter kvotebekendtgørelsen). Det er foretaget en basisfremskrivning af NOx-emissionen frem til 2025 for de vær...

  7. Akut-i-kronisk leversvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørntoft, Nikolaj Worm; Thomsen, Karen Louise; Dam, Gitte

    2017-01-01

    Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis, organ failure and high short-term mortality (20-80% at one month). The main precipitants are infections and excessive alcohol intake, and the mechanistic features include a high ...... level of systemic inflammation, macrophage activation and liver injury. The severity of ACLF is graded according to the number and extent of organ failures. Prognostic scores help predict mortality and support decisions on intensive treatment or futility....

  8. ETIOLOGI MIKRIBIOLOGIS PENYAKIT DIARE AKUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyrus H. Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As in other developing countries, diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Indo­nesia. It is estimated that at least 4-5 million deaths per year in the world are caused by acute di­arrhoea. In Indonesia, 40% of deaths in the first 2 years of life is caused by acute diarrhoea. This study is to assess the microbial agents of diarrhoea! disease, from patients of 2 hospitals in Ja­karta. Rectal swabs for bacteriological examination were collected from patients at the admission using Cary & Blair as a transport media. Stools for Rota virus examination were collected in a tube container and kept at 4- 6°C before further processing. Conventional bacteriological procedures were performed for isolation and identification of bacterial agents. Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (E T E Cj was examined by ELISA for LT and by intragastric inocula­tion of suckling mice for ST. Campylobacter was incubated at 42°C in a candle jar using desiccator as a jar. The isolation results from 1937 specimens collected were V. cholera 01 50,2%, Rota virus 31,0%, ETEC 6,8%, Campylobacter sp 4,8%, Salmonella sp 4,3%, V. parahaemolyticus 1,6%, NAG 0,9%, Shi­gella sp 0,8%, Y. enterocolytica 0,2% and mixed infection of 2 or 3 different agent 5%. Most of the V. cholera isolated were of the Ogawa sero-type (98,9%. ETEC consisted of 69,2% LT alone, 21,4% ST alone and 8,9% both LT and ST. The most prevalent among 10 Salmonella species isolated were S. oranienberg 34,9% and S. kreveld 21,7%. The most prevalent among 4 species of Shigella isolated were Sh. flexneri 43,8% and Sh. dysen-triae 31,3%. Diarrhoeal diseases were continuously found through the year with 2 peaks; one high peak in May, June and July and the other lower peak in December and January.

  9. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  10. En liten høyskole som tenker stort: tiltak mot fusk og plagiat ved Høgskolen i Hedmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Nierenberg

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Høgskolen i Hedmark har satt i gang en del tiltak mot fusk og plagiat, og vi vil gjerne dele våre ressurser og erfaringer med andre undervisningsinstitusjoner. Dette er relevant til to av konferansens temaer: fagreferentens rolle og undervisning i biblioteket. HH's tiltak mot fusk og plagiat inkluderer: • Undervisning i informasjonskompetanse - Høgskolebiblioteket • Kurs i kildebruk og plagiat, "Kilder og kildebruk" • Søkekurs • Synliggjøring av bibliotekressurser/-kurs • Brosjyre til ansatte • Bibliotekets websider om informasjonskompetanse • Nettressurser • Bibliotekets websider • Eksempelsamlingen i APA-standard • "Skriving av faglige tekster - En guide for studenter" • Webside om plagiat og opphavsrett • Fronter • Videoforelesning - "Kilder og kildebruk" • PowerPoint - "Kilder og kildebruk" • Tekstgjenkjenningsprogrammet Ephorus • Vurdering • Elektronisk prøve • Obligatorisk skriveoppgave • Rutinebeskrivelse for tiltak mot fusk og plagiat på Høgskolen • Oppfølging av ikke-møtte studenter på "Kilder og kildebruk" • Vurdering i etterkant av kurset • Bruk av Ephorus • Konsekvenser for fusk Høgskolens tiltak skal forebygge fusk og plagiat ved å gi alle nye studenter tilstrekkelig informasjon om kravene for riktig kildebruk og om konsekvensene for fusk. Høgskolebiblioteket har en sentral rolle i dette arbeidet. Vår Informasjonskompetansegruppe har utarbeidet mange nyttige ressurser, blant annet to-timers kurset "Kilder og kildebruk". Målet med kurset er å lære nye studenter å kritisk vurdere forskjellige typer kilder og bruke dem på korrekt måte i skriftlig arbeid. Kurset blir holdt av bibliotekarer på høgskolens fire campus, og etterfølges av et søkekurs tilpasset det enkelte studium. Antall plagiatsaker på HH har økt de siste årene, men dette kan skyldes bruk av Ephorus. Etter hvert som våre tiltak blir tatt i bruk ved alle studier, håper vi at antall saker blir

  11. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients with acute bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kirsten

    2001-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandlingen omhandler sammenhængen mellem hjernens blodtilførsel (CBF) og middelarterietrykket (MAP) hos patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis. Hos raske er CBF uafhængig af MAP, hvilket kaldes CBF autoregulation. Svækket autoregulation antages at øge risikoen for cerebral hypoperfusion og...... iskæmi under episoder med lavt MAP, og for cerebral hyperperfusion og vasogent ødem ved højt MAP. CBF autoregulationen undersøgtes hos tyve voksne patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis i den tidlige sygdomsfase (... meningitis, men retableres ved klinisk restitution. Autoregulationen kan endvidere delvis retableres ved akut hyperventilation. Fundene har potentiel betydning for valg af supportiv terapi hos patienter med meningitis....

  12. Komorbiditet ved marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmstrup, Palle; Damgaard, Christian; Olsen, Ingar

    2017-01-01

    Nærværende artikel præsenterer en oversigt over den foreliggende væsentligste viden om sammenhængen mellem marginal parodontitis og en række medicinske sygdomme, herunder hjerte-kar-sygdomme, diabetes mellitus, reumatoid arthritis, osteoporose, Parkinsons sygdom, Alzheimers sygdom, psoriasis og...

  13. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  14. Cimetidinbehandling ved cancer ventriculi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, H; Knigge, U P; Bülow, S

    1989-01-01

    The effect of cimetidine treatment in cancer of the stomach was investigated in a double-blind, multicentre study comprising eight departments in Greater Copenhagen. Immediately after operation (or the decision not to operate) 181 patients were subdivided at random to treatment with a placebo...

  15. Psykologiske aspekter ved overvaegt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Aage; Grønbaek, Helle; Olsen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity, and the psycholog......Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity......, and the psychological elements of treatment and motivations for treatment are requested. There is no clear separation between the psychological factors that function as causes of obesity and the psychological effects of obesity. Rather, they appear to be related in a circle of interconnectedness. This is important...... to keep in mind when seeking ways to motivate and support obese patients....

  16. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    Stuttering is characterised by repetitions, prolongations and pausing while speaking. Researchers have looked for many explanations. However, the cause of stuttering remains unknown. In recent years, structural abnormalities in the speech-related structures of the central nervous system have been...... brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  17. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non...

  18. Hypofysefunktion ved haemokromatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen-Bjergaard, U; Thorsteinsson, B; Kirkegaard, B C

    1996-01-01

    A review of the literature on pituitary function in haemochromatosis is presented. In morphological studies pituitary iron deposition, in particular in gonadotropic cells, has been demonstrated. In a number of case series, insufficiency of pituitary gonadotropic secretion with clinical hypogonadism...

  19. Tryghed ved udskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryet, Inger Markussen; Kjærsgaard-Andersen, Anne Marie

    Introduction According to international studies, a feeling of security is important for patients when discharge from the hospital. Feeling secure when discharged has been a national focus area in Denmark and national surveys show that about 12% of patients feel insecure when discharged. The nurses...... from a larger group of patients about factors related to the feeling of security and insecurity when discharged from the hospital. Objectives To gain knowledge about which patients feel insecure when discharged and what the reason is for this feeling of insecurity, to get ideas on how to improve...... the feeling of security at discharge for future patients. Methods An electronic questionnaire survey was developed and filled out via iPad before patients discharge from hospital and followed up by telephone interviews with a number of patients. Results 151 patients participated in the questionnaire survey...

  20. Ekstrakorporal oxygenering ved legionellapneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uslu, Bülent; Steensen, Morten

    2009-01-01

    We present a case report with a 49-year-old woman with legionella pneumonia and fulminant respiratory failure. Despite maximal conventional respirator treatment with positive pressure ventilation, 100% oxygen and pharmacological treatment in an intensive care unit, further deterioration with hypo......We present a case report with a 49-year-old woman with legionella pneumonia and fulminant respiratory failure. Despite maximal conventional respirator treatment with positive pressure ventilation, 100% oxygen and pharmacological treatment in an intensive care unit, further deterioration...

  1. "Fordi man ved aldrig"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borchmann, Simon Uffe

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel vil syntagmet aktivitetsbestemt sprogbrug blive udlagt fra en pragmatisk, funktionel lingvistisk synsvinkel. Syntagmet er særligt interessant fra denne synsvinkel fordi det synes at indebære et nyt sprogvidenskabeligt forskningsområde. Det er i det mindste det der vil blive argume...

  2. Aortahomograftoperationer ved svaer endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, S.; Kjaergard, H.K.; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Severe endocarditis of the native aortic valve or a prosthetic valve with destruction of the cusps, paravalvular abscess formation and/or fistulas caused by aggressive bacteria has a mortality of almost 100% without surgery. The objective was to evaluate the results of treatment...... in an intravenous drug abuser was registered after 4 years. CONCLUSION: An aortic homograft in combination with intravenous antibiotics is an excellent treatment of severe endocarditis in the aortic valve or an aortic valve prosthesis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/5...

  3. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved....

  4. Medicineringsfejl ved generisk substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rölfing, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Generic substitution is a major cause of medical mistakes in the general population. Danish legislation obligates pharmacies to substitute prescribed medicine with the cheapest equivalent formulation, despite variations in product name, packaging, shape and colour. Consequently, medical mistakes...... occur. Scientific evidence on the consequences of generic substitution is sparse. Call upon fellow health workers to report medical mistakes to the national entities and scientific peers, in order to increase awareness and scientific evidence about the problem....

  5. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance. F...

  6. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated with an ...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  7. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    , 2) minimize the occurrence of adverse events during transport, 3) ensure that accompanying staff are trained for and skilled in transfer and retrieval medicine and 4) encourage optimal utilisation of available competencies without unnecessarily draining hospital resources.......Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport...

  8. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    of responsibilities, lack of communication, frequent exchanges between synonymous and analogous drugs, polypharmacy, compliance issues and insufficient education and training of staff. There is an obvious need for a joint internet-based online prescription system covering all physicians. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar......Prescribing involves careful considerations of outcome, duration of treatment and follow-up, and such considerations should be communicated to everyone involved in the medication process. Hospital admission and discharge involve a high risk of medication errors caused by unclear division...

  9. Operationsteknikker ved section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Secher, Niels Jørgen; Krebs, Lone

    2014-01-01

    Caesarean section (CS) is a common surgical procedure, and in Denmark 21% of deliveries is by CS. There is an increasing amount of scientific evidence to support the different surgical techniques used at CS. This article reviews the literature regarding CS techniques. There is still a lack of evi...

  10. Modelling Aṣṭādhyāyī: An Approach Based on the Methodology of Ancillary Disciplines (Vedāṅga)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Anand

    This article proposes a general model based on the common methodological approach of the ancillary disciplines (Vedāṅga) associated with the Vedas taking examples from Śikṣā, Chandas, Vyākaraṇa and Prātiśā khya texts. It develops and elaborates this model further to represent the contents and processes of Aṣṭādhyāyī. Certain key features are added to my earlier modelling of Pāṇinian system of Sanskrit grammar. This includes broader coverage of the Pāṇinian meta-language, mechanism for automatic application of rules and positioning the grammatical system within the procedural complexes of ancillary disciplines.

  11. Dødelig venlafaxinforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Julie Steen; Munck, Lars Kristian

    2014-01-01

    Venlafaxin er en serotonin- og noradrenalingenoptagelseshæmmer, der er godkendt til behandling af depressioner og angsttilstande. Symptomer ved forgiftning er serotonergt syndrom, generaliserede krampeanfald, rabdomyolyse samt akut lever-, hjerte- og nyresvigt. Der findes ingen antidot. Med afsæt i...

  12. Exercise Training in Stable Heart Transplant recipients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dall, Christian Have

    Afhandlingen består af to forsøg, et randomiseret crossover forsøg der undersøger effekten af træning på hjertetransplanterede, samt et klinisk forsøg der undersøger akut blodtryksstigning ved styrketræning hos hjertetransplanterede, hjertesvigtspatienter, og patienter med iskæmisk hjertesygdom. ...

  13. Drug prescription by telephone consultation in Danish out-of-hours primary care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moth, Grete; Huibers, Linda; Christensen, Morten Bondo

    2014-01-01

    De danske praktiserende læger visiterer alle patienter, der henvender sig til lægevagten med et akut helbredsproblem. Omkring 60 % af alle henvendelser afslutter lægerne selv ved en telefonkonsultation, ofte i form af rådgivning eller receptudskrivning. Alligevel er der kun begrænset viden om hyp...

  14. Noninvasiv ventilationsbehandling i akutafdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Dorthe

    2017-01-01

    også gives som continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), dvs. en ikke-cyklisk ventilation med et konstant tryk og luftflow, der svarer til en eksspiratorisk modstand, og derfor også er uden egentlig inspiratorisk støtte (2,3). NIV-behandling ved akut respirationssvigt anvendes i dag præhospitalt (4...

  15. Tuberkulose forårsaget af Mycobacterium africanum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bek, Dorte; Kjeldsen, Marianne Kirstine; Hansen, Nikolaj Friis

    2010-01-01

    Tuberkulose (TB) forårsages af patogene arter fra Mycobacterium tuberculosis komplekset (MTBC) og har en incidens på cirka 7/100.000 i Danmark. På mistanke om TB hos en akut indlagt 40 årig afrikansk mand initieredes anti-TB behandling. Efter 13 timers indlæggelse afgik patienten ved døden. Fra...

  16. Behandling af patienter med Guillan Barré syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliel, Vibeke S.

    2011-01-01

    Resumè Guillain Barrés syndrom er en autoimmum sygdom karakteriseret ved motorisk, sensorisk og autonom dysfunktion. I Danmark rammes omkring 80 personer i alle aldre årligt af sygdommen. Akut inflammatorisk polyradikoloneuropati rammer de perifere nervers nerveskeder og medfører progredierende...

  17. Ambulant ST-segmentmonitorering efter akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Junker, A; Friis, E V

    1994-01-01

    Over the last decade the concept of silent myocardial ischaemia has received considerable attention. Without doubt, the increased use of ambulatory ST-segment monitoring is the most important reason for the growing interest in this field. The prevalence of ambulatory ischaemia after myocardial...... with previous myocardial infarction, but there is considerable disagreement about how this is expressed in terms of cardiac events. Patient selection, small patient numbers, and different timing of ambulatory monitoring are proposed as important reasons for the inconsistent findings. The precise role...

  18. Akut monosymptomatisk anisokori efter skift af scopolaminplaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbæk, Jeppe Bakkestrøm

    2017-01-01

    , and neurological examinations were normal. Shortly before, she had removed a scopolamine (hyoscine) patch from a patient and had following inadvertently rubbed her eye. The symptoms remitted completely within 24 hours. Knowledge of this benign phenomenon is important in order to advise patients and caregivers when...

  19. Akut svimmelhed hos den neurologiske patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Marie; Højgaard, Joan L. Sunnleyg; Kondziella, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Acute vertigo of neurological origin may be caused by haemorrhages and tumours in the posterior fossa and, most frequently, by ischaemic infarction in the vertebrobasilar circulation. Urgent diagnosis is necessary to avoid further ischaemic episodes, herniation due to cerebellar oedema and/or fatal...... brainstem infarction. The history should focus on accompanying neurological symptoms. However, vertigo with cerebellar lesions may be monosymptomatic and then bedside evaluation of oculomotor function is the key to correct diagnosis. This paper discusses the pathophysiology, symptomatology and clinical...... evaluation of acute vertigo of neurological origin....

  20. Akut pesticidforgiftning--et globalt folkesundhedsproblem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konradsen, Flemming

    2006-01-01

    Following the intensification of agriculture and the promotion of agro-chemicals in low and middle income countries, acute pesticide poisoning has become a major public health problem with more than 300,000 deaths each year around the world. The easy availability of highly toxic pesticides...

  1. Salmonella-infektion kompliceret med akut nyreinsufficiens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Thøger; Jensen, Jørgen Erik; Jespersen, Bente

    2003-01-01

    Acute renal failure is a known complication to Salmonella gastroenteritis, and patients with chronic renal failure or impaired host defence are at increased risk. In the two presented cases there had been a few days of gastroenteritis before the hospitalisation, but the only symptoms...... at the admission were fatigue and dyspnoea. In both cases severe uraemia had developed and the patients and their physicians did not expect the episode of gastroenteritis to be the only etiology of acute renal failure. Both patients had normal renal histology and Salmonella was grown in their faeces. Subsequently...

  2. Akut iskaemisk proktitis efter et epileptisk anfald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klintmann, Camille Kristine; Hillingsø, Jens; Glenthøj, Anders

    2008-01-01

    Acute ischemic proctitis is a rare diagnosis mainly because the rectum is supplied by an extensive arterial network. Consequently, in more than 90% of patients with ischemic colitis the rectum is spared. Previously reported cases are related to severe vascular insufficiency of the rectal circulat...... circulation caused by systemic atherosclerosis, usually following aortic or aortoiliac operations. We report one case of acute ischemic proctitis following an epileptic attack....

  3. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2012 (BU2012), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    De afsluttende undersøgelser på Bulbrogård 2012 bød på nye og overraskende resultater: Bulbrogård har fået en ny fase. Som det nogle gange sker, bliver man mere forvirret end oplyst ved at få mere viden – dette er også tilfældet her. Den ny hal (hus 7) kan være det manglende arkitektoniske bindel...

  4. Slutrapport for Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af  højkvalitets LED belysning PSO 339‐025

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Thorseth, Anders; Poulsen, Peter Behrensdorff

    2010-01-01

    Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af forsknings og udviklingsprojektet ”Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af højkvalitets LED belysning”. Projektet er udført i et samarbejde imellem DTU Fotonik, Teknologisk Institut, De Danske Kongers Kronologiske Samling (DKKS), Lumodan, Osram, Thermex og DONG Energy under ledelse af Carsten Dam-Hansen, DTU Fotonik. Projektet er finansieret af Dansk Energi under Elforsk’s PSO...... program, indsatsområde 3a. LED belysning. Projektet har projekt nr. PSO 339‐025 og blev startet i februar 2007 og er afsluttet i marts 2010.   I...

  5. Akut dissemineret encefalomyelitis er en vigtig differentialdiagnose hos det akut påvirkede barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2015-01-01

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated inflammatory paediatric disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). ADEM primarily affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. The aetiology of ADEM is unknown, but the illness is often precipitated by an infection, less...

  6. Akut dissemineret encefalomyelitis er en vigtig differentialdiagnose hos det akut påvirkede barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    2015-01-01

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated inflammatory paediatric disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). ADEM primarily affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. The aetiology of ADEM is unknown, but the illness is often precipitated by an infection, le...

  7. Trofiske skift og fysiske faktorer i væksten hos Færøske torsk (Gadus morhua) undersøgt ved brug af stabile isotoper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Nielsen, Jens; Christensen, Jens Tang; Grønkjær, P.

    Projektets formål er at forstå variationen i vækst hos torsk (Gadus Morhua) ved brug af otolither (øresten), og sammenhængen med fysiske faktorer, såsom havstrømme, hav temperatur, osv på den Færøske shelf. Dette undersøges ved hjælp af, 1) en otolith vækst kronologi som dækker mere end 60 år (1948...... en mindre amplitude i variationen af ringbredde end direkte vækst målinger. Over hele vækstkronologien ses en negativ udvikling i væksten hos torsk, dog afbrudt af kortere perioder med positiv vækst. De stabile isotop prøver udtages fra hele otolitter fra 5 år gamle torsk. Fra protein delen af...... omgivelser torsken har oplevet, især den omgivende temperatur. Karbon signalet fra den uorganiske del af otolitten vil blive sammenlignet med værdierne i protein delen. De stabile isotop-værdier, samt vækst data vil blive analyseret for at se sammenhængen mellem klimaet og væksten hos torsk. Både lokalt, med...

  8. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    Many autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show gender differences. RA is triggered by an interaction between genetic, hormonal, environmental and behavioural factors. 75% of cases are women under the age of 60; lover the age 60 the gender ratio is 1:1. Different genotypes predispose...

  9. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    for RA. Pregnancy often suppresses RA, as does oral contraception. Lactation, smoking (w), BMI > 30, heavy vibrations and certain dust particles (m) may trigger RA, while the effect of male hormones is uncertain. Future prevention should focus on environment, behavioural factors and genetic profiling....

  10. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Andersen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...

  11. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  12. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P

    1993-01-01

    indicate that we still do not definitively know whether or not the early addition of prophylactic chemotherapy improves survival. Arguments in favour of early chemotherapy are: that laparotomy may be avoided, that radiation fields and doses may perhaps be reduced, and that the stress of experiencing...... a relapse is avoided in many patients. The major argument against early chemotherapy is: that by careful staging and selection of patients and by careful radiotherapy techniques the number of patients exposed to potentially toxic chemotherapy may be kept at a minimum. Recently, trials have been carried out...

  13. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  14. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    %) and accidents with candles (9%). The largest risk groups were chronic alcoholics, handicapped and elderly people. In conclusion, warnings should be issued against smoking in bed and use of loose-fitting clothing while cooking on an open fire. Protective aprons and devices for use while smoking, self...

  15. Bag ved skyerne skinner solen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...

  16. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Surgery for perforated ulcers is one of the most common emergency surgical procedures. Approximately 400 procedures are performed each year in Denmark and mortality is high, reaching close to 30% at 30 days postoperatively. The importance of perioperative fluid administration during...... fluid administration varied extensively, with fluid balance on the day of surgery ranging from -45 to 8,030 ml (median 2688 ml) and a cumulated fluid balance of 7,2 litres (1,875-14,565 ml) three days postoperatively. Generally, patients had no fluid administered prior to surgery (median 0 ml, applying...... to 41 patients (87%) range 0-4,500 ml).CONCLUSION: Both the preoperative fluid management and the postoperative monitoring of the fluid balance are suboptimal and should be optimized. Individualized (goal-directed) fluid administration aiming at optimizing the oxygen supply to the peripheral tissues...

  17. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations are relatively common in chronic inflammatory bowel disease and affect joints, skin, eyes and bile ducts. The most frequent rheumatologic manifestations are peripheral arthritis and axial arthropathies. Erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangraenosum are common...

  18. Nye terapeutiske styringsmuligheder ved leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A W; Hokland, P; Jørgensen, H

    1992-01-01

    Investigations on the configuration of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes have become more and more widespread. Through these methods it is possible to identify malignant clones, which by a transforming event have been blocked in further differentiation but continued to proliferate....... Such clonal expansions can be verified by the Southern Blotting procedure as differences in molecular weight between normal and rearranged DNA fragments. In the lymphatic disorders it is possible to assign the malignant clone to B cell lineage by rearrangement in the immunoglobulin light chain gene, while...... heavy chain and T-cell receptor genes do not show consistency in lineage restriction. In a study on AML patients with solitary expression of the T-cell marker CD7 we have identified a similarity in TCR beta and delta gene configurations, indicating a correlation between etiology and genetic pattern...

  19. Kirurgisk behandling ved lokalavanceret pancreascancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Pless, Torsten; Hovendal, Claus

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer remains a challenge, and the exact role of surgery with vascular resection remains unclear. Several studies on selected patient populations have addressed the problem, but with varying results. Although venous resection may be performe...

  20. Ved vejen – I komplekset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2007-01-01

    tendens til større vinduer, færre vægge og større rum, som er både poly-funktionelle og poly-sociale. Desuden har virtuelle strømme en stor betydning i hverdagen, gennem computer, tv og telefon. Artiklen undersøger relationer mellem materialitet og sociale relationer og argumenterer for, at de to er...

  1. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P

    1993-01-01

    indicate that we still do not definitively know whether or not the early addition of prophylactic chemotherapy improves survival. Arguments in favour of early chemotherapy are: that laparotomy may be avoided, that radiation fields and doses may perhaps be reduced, and that the stress of experiencing...

  2. Fordele og ulemper ved forbrugergenetik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Camilla Worm; Gerdes, Anne-Marie Axø

    2017-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer genetic tests are sold over the internet to consumers all over the world - including Denmark. No regulation of these tests has been introduced neither in Denmark nor in Europe, even though they have been on the market since 2007. Such tests have several advantages, but indeed...

  3. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy...

  4. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy. Liter....... Literature was found through searches on PUBMED and written information from Olympus, Fujinon and Pentax. Which techniques will be used in the future? Will optical biopsy soon be possible? We need more controlled studies....

  5. Psykosociale aspekter ved dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Knudsen, Lone

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple sclerosis as a model, it is demonstrated how a chronic neurological disorder has psychosocial consequences during the period between onset and diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, and in the post-diagnostic period. The impact of the disorder on self-esteem, civil status, habitation...

  6. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    : Retrospective survey of 45 consecutive patients operated for perforated ulcers over a 3-year period between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2005 in the surgical department of a university hospital. RESULTS: Data that would permit rational fluid therapy are not being collected on a regular basis. Fluid balance...

  7. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH as the fi......Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  8. Det ved vi om Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke; Bærenholdt, Jørgen

    Præsentation af forskningsviden om feedback i forskellige personkonstellationer i undervisningen: Feedback fra lærer til elev, fra elever til lærer, fra elev til elev og elevens eget arbejde med feedback til sig selv. De præsenterede forskningsresultater er udvalgt dels inden for en kognitivistisk...

  9. Biologiske behandlingsmuligheder ved Graves' oftalmopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Fassi, Daniel; Nielsen, Claus Henrik; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    The current medical treatment options for Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) are unsatisfactory. Recent treatment of GO patients with the B-lymphocyte depleting monoclonal antibody rituximab or with the anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents etanercept and infliximab has shown promising results. We...

  10. Drænbehandling af recidiverende otitis media hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lous, Jørgen; Trankjær, Christina Ryborg; Thomsen, Janus Laust

    2010-01-01

    I et nyligt publiceret Cochrane-review om effekten af indsættelse af trommehindedræn hos børn med recidiverende akut otitis media (RAOM) fandt man kun to studier, som opfyldte inklusionskriterierne. De inkluderede studier påviste en absolut risikoreduktion for at få AOM på 0,34 på seks måneder. Ved...

  11. Praksis som læringsmetode i ingeniørutdanningen – erfaringer fra ingeniørstudiet i undervannsteknologi - drift og vedlikehold ved Høgskolen i Bergen (HiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Linde Lossius

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Norsk ingeniørutdanning har blitt kritisert for å være for teoretisk. Næringslivets hovedorganisasjon (NHO m.fl. startet derfor prosjektet «Lærlingeordning i høyere utdannelse». Høgskolen i Bergen dro nytte av erfaringene derfra, og i 2007 – da bachelorstudiet i undervannsteknologi startet – var forutsetningen at studiet skulle ha stor praksisandel og mye kontakt med lokalt næringsliv. Studiet har blitt Norges mest etterspurte treårige ingeniørstudium. Frafallet har vært lavere enn ved andre ingeniørstudier. Studiet har inneholdt flere praksisformer, hvorav bacheloroppgave i bedrift, ingeniørpraksis og verkstedpraksis ble regnet som de mest utbytterike ut fra svar i spørreundersøkelsene. 72 % av studentene anså praksis som en viktig årsak til at de søkte. Faglig interesse og utsikt til gode jobber var dog viktigst. 71 % av studentene opplevde at praksis underveis ville gjøre dem til bedre ingeniører, mens 55 % mente det hadde innvirkning på at de fullførte studiet. Praksisbedriftene har tjent ved bedret rekruttering, de største opptil 0,7 ansatt per praksisplass. Praksisorganisering er krevende, og kvalitetssikring og oppfølging er viktig for å få et godt resultat. Bedriftsnettverk er gode støttespillere, men skolen må også avsette nok ressurser til arbeidet. Siden skader kan skje i industrien, må forsikringsordninger av studenter i praksis settes på den politiske agendaen slik at regelverket kan endres. Summary Norwegian engineering studies has been criticized of being too theoretical. Bergen University College used experiences from the project “Apprenticeship in higher education” when starting the engineering program in Subsea technology in 2007. Much practice and contact with local industry was requested. The program has become popular and dropout is lower than in comparable programs. Student surveys revealed the most rewarding practice to be a company-based Bachelor thesis, engineer internships and

  12. Akut underernæring hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Friis, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    The prevalence of malnutrition has declined significantly over the last 30 years. Despite this, malnutrition remains a major cause of illness and death among children worldwide, particularly in low- and medium-income countries. Marasmus and kwashiorkor are the most life-threatening forms...... of malnutrition. Treatment protocols enable effective treatment, but only a minority of malnourished children have access to treatment. Furthermore, treating children with complicated malnutrition requiring hospitalization remains a clinical challenge....

  13. STRES AKUT KARENA BISING SEBAGAI PENYEBAB TERJADINYA XEROSTOMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilda Hafny Lubis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In general annoyance of noise appears after many years of exposure. The speeds of disturbance depend on level of noise, impulsive component and duration of exposure, personal sensitivity that unknown characteristic. Noise belonging to acute stress needs short period to occur different from sorrow that takes long period. Stress will activate the regulator nerve and maintain intern environment to creates the homeostasis. Stress condition in long period will influence hormonal system, autonomic system until the exhaustion stadium and a few emotional expressive will be fixed for example dry mouth. Stress will also influence immune system so it is not effective to destroy the virus, microorganism and irregular cell that finally cause oral diseases.

  14. Acute injury of the ankle joint; Akutes Trauma des Sprunggelenks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breitenseher, M.J. [Univ. Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Abt. fuer Osteologie und Besondere Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz, AKH, Wien (Austria)]|[Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fuer Radiologisch-Physikalische Tumordiagnostik, Vienna (Austria)

    1999-01-01

    The diagnosis of lateral collateral ankle ligament trauma is based on patient history, clinical examination, and clinical stress tests. If the clinical stress test is positive, stress radiography could be performed. There is no consensus about the usefulness of stress radiography in acute ankle sprain, particularly about the cut-off talar tilt angle beyond which a two-ligament rupture would be certain, ranging from 5 to 30 . Today MRI is not used for this indication, although it allows, with controlled positioning of the foot and with defined sections, visualization of injured lateral collateral ankle ligaments. In ankle injuries, plain radiographs form the established basis of diagnostic imaging and can provide definitive answers in most cases. CT is used in complex fractures for complete visualization. MRI is the method of choice for several diagnostic problem cases, including occult fractures and post-traumatic avascular necrosis. In tendon injuries, MRI is important if ultrasound is not diagnostic. Generally, for the evaluation of acute ankle injuries, MRI is the most important second-step procedure when radiographs are nondiagnostic. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Diagnose einer lateralen Bandverletzung beim frischen Sprunggelenkstrauma fusst auf der Anamnese, der klinischen Untersuchung und klinischen Stresstests. Bei positiven klinischen Stresstests kann eine Stressradiographie durchgefuehrt werden. Es gibt keine Uebereinstimmung fuer den Wert der Stressradiographie beim frischen Supinationstrauma des Sprunggelenks, insbesonders fuer den Winkel der Aufklappbarkeit bei einer Zweibandverletzung, der von 5 -30 reicht. Die MRT wird zur Zeit bei dieser Indikation nur in Einzelfaellen benutzt, obwohl sie mit definierter Fusspositionierung und Ausrichtung der Untersuchungsebene eine ausgezeichnete Beurteilung der Sprunggelenksbaende erlaubt. Bei knoecherner Sprunggelenksverletzungen ist die Verwendung des konventionellen Roentgen die etablierte Methode und meist diagnostisch. Die CT kommt bei komplexen Frakturen zum Einsatz, um das gesamte Frakturausmass darzustellen. Die MRT ist die Methode der Wahl bei verschiedenen Problemfaellen wie okkulter Fraktur oder posttraumatischer Osteonekrose. Bei Sehnenverletzungen ist die MRT wichtig, falls eine Ultraschalluntersuchung nicht zur Diagnose fuehrt. Allgemein entwickelt sich bei der Untersuchung der frischen Sprunggelenksverletzung die MRT zur zweitwichtigsten bildgebenden Methode, falls das konventionelle Roentgen zu keiner ausreichenden Diagnose kommt. (orig.)

  15. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    glaucoma was diagnosed by tonometry and gonioscopy, and treated with laser-iridectomy. The patient was discharged two days later without neurological or ophthalmological deficits. Manifest acute glaucoma postoperatively seems never to have been reported. However, the choroid is not autoregulated...

  16. Selekteret akut indlaeggelse på en medicinsk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teglbjærg, Lars Stubbe; Teglbjaerg, Lars Larsen Stubbe

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to describe the pattern of admissions to a medical department and to analyse whether acute admissions can be referred to hospitals with limited access to acute medical and surgical assistance and limited access to intensive care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All...... acute admissions to the medical department during a three-week period were registered. The medical officer in charge of the distribution of patients filled in a questionnaire at the time of telephone contact with the referring physician concerning the feasibility of referral to a medical department...... with limited access to acute assistance. RESULTS: Out of 113 patients judged suitable for referral to a hospital with limited access to acute assistance, 60% had or developed conditions judged to require hospitals with a specialised level of acute services. CONCLUSION: Contact with a medical officer...

  17. Akut pancreatitis forårsaget af galdesten i barnealderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, G; Saffar, D F; Mortensen, J

    1999-01-01

    A 10 year-old girl presented with acute abdominal pain. Serum-amylase was 3959 U/l. Ultrasonography showed dilatation of both the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct and a high density area near the ampulla. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) verified a stone near the ampulla, which...

  18. Jejunal divertikulitis som årsag til akut abdomen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arsic, Ivan; Cuk, Pedja; Nielsen, Michael Festersen

    2014-01-01

    diverticular disease is intravenous fluids and antibiotics. If there is an occurrence of peritonitis as a complication of jejunal diverticulitis, laparatomy may be indicated. Both of the patients received a conservative treatment with intravenous fluids and antibiotics with good response....

  19. Akut kompartmentsyndrom efter total knæalloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arenkiel, Bjørn; Kjærgaard, Maj; Lauritsen, Anne Øberg

    2012-01-01

    and fasciotomy is important. We describe a case with a patient, who had undergone a total knee arthroplasty and after a postoperative period of 5,5 hours she developed extreme pain in the limb, below the operated knee. The diagnosis was confirmed by sonography, and an acute fasciotomy was performed....

  20. CUCI TANGAN SEBELUM MAKAN MENURUNKAN RISIKO KEJADIAN HEPATITIS AKUT KLINIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar Firdous

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In the area of Hepatitis A outbreak, washing hand before handling food is very important, because most of the cases do not wash their hand before breakfast, lunch or dinner and they eat without spoon. This study is to find out relation between washing hand before handling food with clinical acute hepatitis cases in the area of Hepatitis A outbreak. This study used a case control design, analysing secondary data of Hepatitis A outbreak investigation from November 2001 to January 2002. The population is a the community which living in Calincing housing in Cogreg Village, Parungsub district of Bogor, aged between 15 to 55 years old. Sixty cases and 120 controls have been analysed. Result of this study found that there is a significant relation (p=0.000 between washing hand before handling food with clinical acute hepatitis case, OR=3.442 (95% CI: 1.638- 7.235. Education is a confounding variable to this relation.

  1. Stresshyperglykaemi hos et barn med svaer akut gastroenteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.

    2002-01-01

    A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state and that as a phy......A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state...

  2. POLA PERESEPAN ANTIBIOTIK PADA MANAJEMEN FARINGITIS AKUT DEWASA DI PUSKEMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Puspita Apsari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Acute pharyngitis is one of the most common diseases in primary health care, Bali. However, the best management to control the number of antibiotics prescribing in acute pharyngitis is not known. This study aims to determine the best management to control antibiotics prescribing in adult who has acute pharyngitis. This prospective cohort study involved 93 patients aged 12-45 years who had been diagnosed with acute pharyngitis by a physician. Measurements were made on the number of drugs per prescription, frequency antibiotic, quantity antibiotic and DDD antibiotics. Centor Criteria and RADT can reduce the number of antibiotic prescriptions than empirical management in primary health care district X, Bali. Decrease occurred on the the number of drugs per prescription, frequency antibiotic, quantity antibiotic and DDD antibiotics. Management centor criteria and RADT are the best strategies to reduce antibiotic prescription in primary health care distict X, Bali. 

  3. Neurologiske symptomer og akut hepatitis associeret til parvovirus B19

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giørtz-Carlsen, Birgitte; Rittig, Søren; Thelle, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    The spectrum of symptoms correlated to parvovirus B19 infections has expanded greatly during the past years. We report a case of anaemia, encephalitis-like symptoms and acute hepatitis in a 15-months-old Danish girl associated with parvovirus B19, verified by positive serum IgM og IgG antibodies....... She presented with non-febrile seizures and decreased level of consciousness. Later she developed signs of acute hepatitis. The course was benign. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Nov-19...

  4. Parvovirus B19-akut hepatitis hos immunkompetent patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lykke

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a case of acute hepatitis in an adult person without subsequent complications caused by parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The diagnosis was made by detection of PVB19 IgM and IgG antibody in the blood using ELISA. There was not made any affirmative polymerase chain reaction for DNA...

  5. Akut fosfatnefropati som komplikation til udrensning med oral natriumfosfat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colic, Edin; Marcussen, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy (APhN) has recently been identified as a reason for acute and subsequently chronic renal failure, following exposure to the oral sodium phosphate bowel purgatives. Renal biopsies show acute and chronic tubular injury with calcium phosphate deposits. A case of biopsy...

  6. Rickettsiose som differentialdiagnostisk overvejelse ved rejserelateret feber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    , rickettsiosis should be considered in the returned traveller with fever, especially when malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have been excluded. There is a possibility that doxycycline may have a prophylactic effect on rickettsiosis, but this thesis is only imaginary and needs further investigation.......Rickettsial diseases are increasingly reported in international travellers. Prospective studies have shown that 2-4 % of travellers returning with fever have a rickettsiosis. We discuss epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnostics, treatment and prevention of rickettsiosis. In conclusion...

  7. Katetervejledt trombolyse ved perifer arteriel okklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Holt, G; Sandermann, J

    2001-01-01

    ), occlusions seems beneficial but long-term results are lacking and recurrences are common. Exclusion of preoperative thrombolysis in late and longer lasting occlusions (> 14 days) is debatable, because of a potential thrombolysis-caused improved run-off. Individual case selection is still needed, because...

  8. Ekstrapulmonale komplikationer ved mycoplasma pneumoniae-infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anne-Mette Bay; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

    2002-01-01

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia in children and young adults. The infection is generally mild and only a very few patients are admitted to hospital. However, extrapulmonary complications are well recognised--mostly as manifestations from the central nervous system (CNS)....

  9. Antibiotikavalg ved purulent meningitis uden bakteriologisk diagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, H B

    1989-01-01

    A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology...

  10. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic...

  11. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  12. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM...... remain unknown, although central sensitisation seems to play a major role. Following exclusion of a number of differential diagnoses, the remaining patients have several treatment options including centrally-acting medication....

  13. Finnålsaspirationscytologi ved mammografiscreening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, Birte; Laenkholm, Anne-Vibeke; Schwartz, Walter

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In the year 2000 a quality assurance programme for the preoperative breast diagnostics was introduced in Denmark. The programme was based on the "European guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer screening and diagnosis" where - among other measures - five cytological......-choice treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 767 women had FNAC performed from a total of 783 lesions at the Mammography Clinic, University Hospital Odense. All FNACs were compared with the final histology diagnosis. Nine statistical parameters were calculated according to the European guidelines. RESULTS: A total...... of 66% of the 783 FNACs had a malignant cytology diagnosis, which in 99% of the cases turned out to be the correct diagnosis. Four lesions were false positives all of which represented benign proliferative breast diseases. The surgical procedures in these cases were either excisional biopsy...

  14. Beta-2-mikroglobulin ved medicinske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P B; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1989-01-01

    Beta-2-microglobulin (beta 2M) is a low-molecular protein which is filtered freely over the glomeruli. Under normal circumstances, more than 99.9% is resorbed in the proximal tubuli of the kidneys and is metabolized there. In renal disease with damage to this segment of the nephron, eg acute tubulo...

  15. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-23......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  16. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...... over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope.......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  17. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment....

  18. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan...

  19. Forskning ved regionale hospitalsenheder i Vestdanmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Petersen, Lars Jelstrup; Hornung, Nete

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: According to recently passed Danish legislation, all Danish hospitals are obliged to take part in scientific research. As data on financial support for research activities are lacking, we assessed the resources allocated to research from the budget of the central hospital management...... on research activities. CONCLUSION: In the majority of regional hospitals in Western Denmark, less than 0.3% of the total budget administered by the central hospital management was allocated specifically for research. These figures, however, may not be accurate as individual departments may allocate...

  20. Osmotisk demyeliniseringssyndrom ved Addisonkrise og svaer hyponatriaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Elisabeth Bødker; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Rasmussen, Torsten Bloch

    2008-01-01

    Acute adrenal insufficiency is a life threatening disease with dehydration, hypotension, cerebral dysfunction and gastrointestinal symptoms accompanied by low plasma sodium and high plasma potassium. Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) can occur rarely following correction of plasma sodium. We d...

  1. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....

  2. "Jeg har altid haft nemt ved tingene"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Rasmussen, Palle

    Rapporten analyserer talentundervisningen på 8. og 9. klassetrin i Hjørring Kommune i skoleåret 2006-2007. Der var tale om ekstraundervisning uden for normal skoletid. Det faglige indhold lå inden for fysik, kemi, biologi, matematik og engelsk, og både folkeskolelærere og gymnasielærere medvirked...

  3. Risiko for affektiv lidelse ved multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, Elsebeth Nylev; Stage, Kurt Bjerregaard; Stenager, Egon

    2011-01-01

    of the relevant literature. The study recommends assessment of all MS patients for depression. Treatment of depression with serotonin reuptake inhibitors and/or cognitive behavioural therapy is recommended, depending on the severity of the illness. Caution is recommended in patients receiving beta interferon...

  4. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    patients have higher risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fracture compared to those without PD because of lower bone mineral density (BMD) and lack of vitamin D. Prevention of fracture in PD patients should include fall-risk screening, BMD measurements by DXA scan and screening for risk factors......The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  5. Fund af lymfeknuder ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Mads Bo; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    that may influence the detection of LNs, including patient- as well as surgeon- and pathologist-related issues. The pathologist-related variable most probably shapes the yield the most. Introduction of guidelines focusing on the most appropriate technique may secure better and more consistent results...

  6. Diagnosticering af choledochussten ved symptomgivende galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, V B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    as such in the future. Patients with cholangitis, jaundice and common bile duct stones visualised by transabdominal ultrasound have a high risk of common bile duct stones, and these patients can therefore undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiography directly. Other patients should have a magnetic resonance...

  7. Traditionsbestemt sygepleje ved næseblod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Annette Lønsmann; Kristensen, Vibeke G.; Boll, Birgitte

    2005-01-01

    A nation-wide poll was carried out in 2003 of ear, nose and throat departments in Denmark, with a view to reviewing the treatment of patients admitted with nosebleeds. In 2001, 1836 patients were admitted to hospital in Denmark with nosebleeds. The majority of admissions are to ear, nose and throat...... departments, although one also comes across patients with no speeds in other clinical departments and in the primary health service. The purpose of the article is to pass on knowledge about nursing to patients who suffer from nosebleeds. It is evident that nursing in Denmark varies considerably as regards...... diet and the extent to which patients are mobilised. Other aspects of nursing harmonise substantially. Applicable to all fields of nursing pertaining to patients with nosebleeds is the fact that evidence is wanting. Finding recent literature on the subject has been difficult. The assembled expertise...

  8. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barretts oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are...

  9. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barrett oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are...

  10. Om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2017-01-01

    -made job interviews, and later on through workplace mentoring, language courses and professional upgrades. At first sight, the ‘IO-stillinger’ job project was an example of an affirmative action towards the integration of immigrants in the workplace. In practice, however, the recruitment process...

  11. Regulering af cytokindannelse ved inflammatoriske tarmsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferrero-Miliani, Laura; Seidelin, Jakob Benecidt; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2006-01-01

    Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a pivotal mediator in the inflammatory immune response that is characteristic of a number of chronic disorders. The etiology and pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have for many years been an enigma. The recent identification of the inflammasome, a......, a multiprotein complex responsible for interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE, caspase-1) activation, has generated new possibilities for the elucidation of the etiology and pathophysiology of IBD and as a consequence also for the identification of new treatment targets....

  12. Tidsforbrug ved monitorering af postoperativ oxygenstatus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lavrsen, M J; Tuxøe, J I; Koch, J S

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare use of time with pulse oximetry versus arterial blood gas measurement on the general surgical ward. Eighty patients who had just had major orthopaedic or abdominal surgery were included in the study at two hospitals in Copenhagen. Success rate for pulse...... were delayed median 58 minutes compared with 32 minutes at Sundby Hospital (p porter. No patient had hypercapnia or acid-base disturbances....... We recommend that all general surgical wards should have a portable pulse oximeter for monitoring arterial oxygenation after major surgery....

  13. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate that cog...

  14. Leverfibrose kan vurderes ved ikkeinvasiv ultralydelastografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielsen, Peter; Wilkens, Rune; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosis and assessment of liver fibrosis is of great importance for initiating treatment and starting hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in patients with established cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging, however; it is far from perfect. Non...

  15. Urinretention ved postoperativ smertebehandling med epidurale opioider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B J; Rosenberg, J; Andersen, J T

    1990-01-01

    . Inhibition of per- and postoperatively increased sympathetic activity may possibly prevent PU. Carbacholine is not effective in the treatment of postoperative retention of urine. In animal experimental studies, kappa-receptor agonists have an analgesic effect without urodynamic side-effects but no clinical...

  16. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren Morgenthaler; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us c...... closer to the development of rational therapies of obesity, the epidemic of which is continuing in the post-industrial society, which is characterised by sedentary behaviour patterns....

  17. Fremstilling af dias ved hjaelp af mikrodatamaten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard, F A; Schmidt, A E; Hammer, J H

    1990-01-01

    For production of dias for presentation of scientific data, a personal computer, a dias programme and a camera are necessary. A microdatamat with a 80286 precessor, 20 MB hard disc and an EGA colour screen are the minimum configurations which can be recommended. A hard disc between 40 and 85 MB a...... with Harvard Graphics.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)...

  18. Neuroradiologiske forandringer ved undertrykkelse af tics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Sara Bohn; Sørensen, Camilla Birgitte; Skov, Liselotte

    2017-01-01

    Neuroradiological changes by suppression of tics Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by involuntary tics. First choice of treatment has been pharmacological, but recently, behavioural therapy teaching patients to suppress their tics has been introduced. Neuroimaging studies have shown an increased...... activity in the prefrontal cortex, temporal lobes and caudate nucleus, and a decreased activity in globus pallidus and putamen during inhibition of tics. The activity in the frontal lobes changes with age, probably caused by a lack of compensatory hypertrophy. In order to fully understand the mechanism...

  19. Svaer hyperkaliaemi ved gastroenteritis hos kolektomeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lasse Bremholm; Winkel, Rasmus; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2010-01-01

    Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening condition that causes primarily cardiac and muscular dysfunction with potentially fatal consequences. This case report describes a case of severe hyperkalemia (9,1 mmol/l) caused by acute prerenal failure due to dehydration. The severe dehydration was cau...... was caused by a combination of reduced fluid intake due to gastroenteritis and a hampered capacity for intestinal fluid absorption, due to previous colectomy. The patient developed classic signs of hyperkalemia with electrocardiogram changes and muscular dysfunction....

  20. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  1. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  2. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  3. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  4. Lav risiko for komplikationer ved screeningskoloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thamsborg, Lise Laurberg Holst; Andersen, Ole; Fischer, Thea Kølsen

    2013-01-01

    In 2014, screening for colorectal cancer is scheduled to be introduced in Denmark using immunochemical test for blood in faeces (iFOBT). Positive tests are followed by colonoscopy. This review evaluates the risk of perforation, haemorrhage and death associated with screening colonoscopy based...... on selected recent publications. The risk of perforation and haemorrhage was reported to be 0.01% and 0.02% respectively. No deaths were reported. The studies vary in design and demographic characteristics why the findings are relevant regarding the planned national screening programme....

  5. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes...... to a lesser extent are preceded by stressful life events. Clinical features do not differ between depressions with or without prior stressful life events. Certain genetic variations in the serotonin receptor system seem to increase the risk of developing depression in relation to experiencing stressful life...

  6. Generaliserede kramper som debutsymptom ved Gitelmans syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvelplund, Carolina; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt; Mortensen, Henrik B

    2009-01-01

    Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome presenting with hypocalciuria, hypomagnesiemia and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This case reports a patient admitted with generalized seizures with the above-mentioned biochemical abnormalities, thus representing a rare onset of Gitel...

  7. Smerte og smertemestring ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels; Thastum, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Pain is one of the primary symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA patients have reduced pain tolerance and pain threshold compared to healthy controls. In children with JIA the greater use of coping strategies such as problem-solving, positive self-statements and distraction consist...

  8. Biologisk terapi ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has undergone marked changes. There is substantial evidence that inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) like etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab show significant efficacy when standard therapy fails, and long-ter...

  9. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry.......This is a summary of the health risks of occupational styrene exposure based on recent reviews. We conclude about the exposure levels that there is strong evidence that styrene causes acute irritation of eyes and respiratory tract above 25 ppm, genotoxic effects above 10 ppm, and persistent nervous...... system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  10. Hospitalsomkostninger ved operation for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Sørensen, Jan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs.......The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs....

  11. Epidemiologi ved juvenil systemisk lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Vinje

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We have previously described the impact of Apgar scores on later major and minor disabilities. According to these and other studies, children with low Apgar scores have to show symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy in the first week of life to be at risk of developing later disabilities. Information on neonatal encephalopathy has traditionally been less accessible than Apgar scores in The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN. In the present study the possibility of extracting information on neonatal encephalopathy from the new notification form to the MBRN, which was introduced in late 1998, was investigated. The introduction of specific and generally accepted definitions of neonatal diagnoses combined with more comprehensive reports to MBRN from the neonatal departments may render registry based studies on neonatal encephalopathy possible in the future

  12. Assisteret reproduktion ved HIV-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazlauskaite, Ramune; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Tinne

    2009-01-01

    horizontal nor vertical infection occurred. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that insemination is a good first-choice treatment in respect to chance of pregnancy and risk for virus transmission in HIV-seropositive couples in cases without indication for IVF. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-27......INTRODUCTION: In Denmark assisted reproductive treatment to HIV discordant couples is offered in order to minimize risk of horizontal transmission of virus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcome of 24 HIV-seropositive couples referred with a wish for parenthood to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby......, between September 1999 and December 2007 was reviewed on the basis of prospectively collected data. A total of 18 couples were offered treatment. RESULTS: In all, eight couples achieved 17 pregnancies, six by home-insemination, ten by homologous intrauterine insemination, and one spontaneously. Neither...

  13. Resultater efter primaer stapedotomi ved otosklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanscher, Jens; Grøntved, Aksel; Faber, Christian

    2009-01-01

    performed using small-fenester-technique in the period 1996-2005. Five experienced ear surgeons performed the operations. The surgeons were still in the learning phase with regard to otosclerosis surgery. RESULTS: A significant improvement was found regarding the air-conduction pure tone average (PTA) (52.......8 dB to 31.4 dB), the bone conduction PTA (25.2 dB to 23,1 dB), air-bone gap (27.6 dB to 8.3 dB), and the speech reception threshold (44.8 dB to 22.5 dB). One operation (0.6%) resulted in severe sensory-neural hearing loss, while other types of complications were seen after 7,2% of the operations...

  14. VEDs for charged particle accelerators: Indian scenario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhandari, R.K.

    2012-01-01

    In the initial times after their invention, the charged particle accelerators have, primarily, been used for fundamental studies on nuclei and atoms. From the first modern accelerator, the cathode ray tube, used by J.J. Thomson for the discovery of electron, very recently the gigantic 27 km circumference Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is operational in the search of Higg's boson and related physics issues. Particle accelerators have emerged as powerful microscopes for investigating the finest details of cells, genes, molecules, atoms, protons, neutrons, muons, electrons, quarks and, possibly, still undiscovered even more fundamental constituents of the universe, such as dark matter and dark energy. Several noble prize winning discoveries have been made using accelerators. Accelerators are now being used in a wide area of industrial and medical applications. They are used for the production of radioisotopes for medical imaging, cancer therapy, food sterilization, treatment of waste water, sterilization of medical equipment, material modification, mass spectroscopy, cargo scanning, fabrication of semiconductors etc. Ongoing effort towards the development of accelerators with megawatt beam power is showing hope for a cleaner source of nuclear energy and treatment of nuclear waste. Several tens of thousands of accelerators are presently operational in the world for basic research and applications. Development of new accelerators has several times been driven by new technologies and materials and sometimes they have driven the technological developments towards cutting edge. Some examples are ultra-high vacuum in large volumes, superfluid helium in cryogenics, cryocoolers, superconducting magnets and RF cavities, high power vacuum electronic devices, global control systems, superfast computing and communication networks, giant data storage/processing systems etc. India has been pursuing a fairly robust programme of accelerator development at various institutions. It started, primarily, with accelerator construction for basic and applied research, Some accelerators have also been operating for medical purposes

  15. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    . In a fraction of patients, long-term symptoms with pain and cognitive and emotional symptoms may occur, causing long-term disability. The pathophysiology is unclear. Most research groups favor a multifactorial pathophysiology similar to that observed for other chronic pain conditions without a clear nociceptive...

  16. Besøgscenter ved fregatten Jylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    2005-01-01

    Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet.......Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet....

  17. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    System (PSS). This thesis presents the hypothesis that system deliveries may be cast as Product-Service Systems, creating the pre-conditions for sustainable integrated product deliveries. Case Studies Renovation case studies have evinced partial use of system deliveries in recent years; however......-of-sales er dermed relevant for bæredygtige leverancer, der disse kræver at ansvaret forbliver hos systemejeren over leverancens hele livscyklus, fra produktion til bortskaffelsen. Denne type produkt kendes fra andre områder under navnet Product-Service-System (PSS). I afhandlingen opstilles derfor hypotesen...... om at systemleverancer kan udformes som Product-Service-Systems og at dermed skabes forudsætningerne for bæredygtige systemleverancer. Casestudier Casestudier om renovering har desuden vist, at der til dels anvendes systemleverancer til renovering i de sidste år, men at disse leverancer sjældent er...

  18. Bio-Matematik ved Roskilde Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Johnny T.

    2010-01-01

    findes i monografierne "Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology", "Mathematical Modeling in Medicine", og i "The Biomedical Engineering Handbook".   Arbejdet med at udvikle anæstesisimulatorerne satte gang i en mængde "sundhedsmatematik" på instituttet og i dag huser instituttet desuden phd......-programmet "Mathematical modeling and its mathematical prerequisites" ledet af undertegnet. Programmet er associeret med den nationale phd-skole "Research School for Mathematics and Applications".   BioMath-gruppens fokusområder er bl.a. 1) Kardiovaskulær fysiologi og dets kontrolmekanismer; 2) Fluiddynamik og klapløse......-trivielle eksperimenter, kan tjekke om tanker og hypoteser holder og er konsistente samt kan benyttes til at konstruere nye diagnosticerings- og behandlingstilbud, gør at de nævnte metaaspekter er ikke-trivielle aspekter og illustrerer samtidig modelleringslandskabets komplekse moras.   I artiklen forsøger vi...

  19. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritonea...

  20. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects. In a fract......A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects....... In a fraction of patients, long-term symptoms with pain and cognitive and emotional symptoms may occur, causing long-term disability. The pathophysiology is unclear. Most research groups favor a multifactorial pathophysiology similar to that observed for other chronic pain conditions without a clear nociceptive...

  1. Nursing intervention for geriatric patients dischargedhome from ED

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie

    2009-01-01

    visitatorer i Pensions og omsorgskontoret Amager, Københavns Kommune interviewes. Data analyseres kvalitativt vha. indholdsanalyse. Resultater På baggrund af resultaterne forventes studiet at genere viden om effekten af struktureret sygeplejeintervention til geriatriske patienter på en dansk akut medicinsk...... der er uløste problemer og der udarbejdes en udskrivningsrapport med løsningsforslag, hvorefter der træffes aftale om konkret problemløsning med fx pårørende, egen læge  og/eller visitator i primærsektor. Dataindsamling: Ved baseline samt en og seks måneders opfølgning indsamles demografiske data...

  2. Tegn på læring ved bruk av interaktive matematikkutstillinger ved vitensenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nils Kr. Rossing

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Interactive exhibits at science centres are believed to have a learning effect on visitors. This study investigates two interactive exhibits concerning mathematics at the Science centre in Trondheim, Norway, to what extent they appeal to the audience, and contributes to constructive thought processes that provide for learning. I was also looking for characteristics of the exhibits that might obstruct such thought processes. During the study we observed more than 170 visitors while they used the two exhibits. In addition I observed and interviewed seven teenagers hired specifically to work with the exhibits. Since the audience are completely free to use the exhibits as they like, it is assumed that there is a high correlation between time spent at the exhibits and public involvement. By measuring the average time for every age group, it was found that the exhibits engaged teenagers and adults to a high degree. Also children below 13 years of age used the exhibits diligently, but then in other ways than intended. Some major obstacles that the design of the exhibits let in the way of creating constructive thought processes among the audience were identified. For example, it was found that removing the time limitation of solving tasks and giving the audience the greatest possible transparency and control over the exhibits, a better basis for discussions and reflections was laid. This is an important premise for learning. Furthermore, changes in conditions were made in order to encourage the audience to try out new strategies.

  3. Optøjer og dioxiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf W.

    2008-01-01

    brintatomer er udskiftet med chlor (såkaldt chlor-substitueret dioxin), man tænker på, når man snakker om dioxin (se boks). Dioxiner er ekstremt giftige stoffer. Indtagelse of nogle få milligram regnes for dødelig for en voksen person. Det er dog ikke realistisk at blive udsat for så meget dioxin, og der...... findes ingen kendte dødsfald på grund of akut dioxinforgiftning. Til gengæld kan dioxin påvirke et bestemt proteinsystem ved navn aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), give fosterskader og sandsynligvis fremkalde kræftsygdomme. Dioxin og brande. Dioxiner dannes let som reaktionsprodukter ved kemiske...... flammerne til røgen, mens resten blev tilbage i asken. Røgen spredes over store områder, og dioxinen falder ned lidt overalt. Forholdene betyder meget for dioxindannelsen, idet dårlig og ustabil forbrænding ved lave temperaturer (som det ofte er tilfældet ved brande) vil give relativt mere dioxin. Desuden...

  4. Behandling af højt blodtryk hos patienter med akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, T S; Jørgensen, H S; Garde, E

    1995-01-01

    The study was performed to investigate how often reduction of high blood pressure (> or = 220 mmHg systolic and or > or = 120 mmHg diastolic) was attempted in patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Of 1351 consecutive patients with acute stroke or TIA 119 had high blood...... encephalopathy. It is concluded that reduction of high blood pressure in patients with stroke or TIA is attempted too often. As autoregulation is commonly impaired in acute stroke, reduction of systemic blood pressure may enhance ischaemic tissue damage. Reduction of blood pressure in acute stroke should...... pressure on admission. In 15 patients the stroke was so severe that treatment was not considered. In the remaining 104 patients reduction of the blood pressure was attempted in 28 (27%); in 23 patients immediately following admission. None of the patients had symptoms or signs of hypertensive...

  5. Svær akut underernæring hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabiansen, Christian; Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Eklund, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects approx. 19 million children below five years of age in low and middle income countries. Both shortage and low quality of foods are important determinants of SAM. With the development of special ready-to-use foods and by using simple treatment protocols......, it is now possible to treat SAM successfully outside hospitals and treatment centers thereby reducing the case-fatality rate. However, only a small percentage of children with SAM have access to correct treatment....

  6. Magnetic resonance imaging in acute intractional tuberculosis; Magnetresonanztomographie bei akuter intrakranieller Tuberkulose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venz, S. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Sander, B. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Benndorf, G. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Terstegge, K. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Podrabsky, P. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Cordes, M. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Felix, R. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    We reported three cases of acute intracranial tuberculosis including miliary tuberculosis, basal meningitis, tuberculomas and neuritis of cranial nerves. All patients had native and contrast enhanced CT and MRI scans. MRI revealed more granulomas and a better imaging contrast in the detection of basal meningitis. Neuritis was diagnosed only with the MRI. MRI scans should be prefered as the imaging procedure in clinically presumed intracranial tuberculosis. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Befunde von drei Patienten mit intrakranieller Tuberkulose (intrakranielle Miliartuberkulose, Meningitis tuberculosa, Neuritis und Tuberkulome) in der Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) wurden mit der Computertomographie (CT) verglichen. Sowohl die MRT als auch die CT wurden nativ und nach Kontrastmittelgabe durchgefuehrt. Die MRT zeigte sich im Nachweis von Granulomen insbesondere im Bereich des Hirnstamms ueberlegen. Ebenso wurde ein hoeherer Bildkontrast bei der Darstellung der Meningitis beobachtet. Eine Neuritis der Hirnnerven war nur mit der MRT nachweisbar. Die kontrastmittelunterstuetzte MRT sollte in der bildgebenden Diagnostik einer intrakraniellen Turberkulose primaer zum Einsatz gelangen. (orig.)

  7. Eosinofil akut lymfatisk leukæmi hos yngre mand hjemvendt fra rejse i troperne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mette Vang; Karstoft, Kristian; Andersen, Mette Klarskov

    2011-01-01

    A 22-year-old man presented with severe back pain and 60% eosinophilia after returning from the tropics. An extensive investigation for parasitic diseases was negative. Over time, his haemoglobin level and thrombocyte count fell, and the spleen and several lymph nodes were enlarged. The patient w...

  8. Toksisitas Akut dan Subkronis Ramuan Ekstrak Kelor dan Klabet sebagai Pelancar ASI dan Penambah Gizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Widowati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Insufficient breast milk intake from a mother to their babies may cause a poor infant growth. We have conducted a research on mixture of klabet seed extracts (Trigonella foenum-graecum L. and kelor leaf extract (Moringa oleifera Lamk. (1:1 for increasing breast milk production in nursing mothers and nutritional supplement for infants. The study is a completely randomized design. We used white rats (Rattus novergicus, Wistar strain, as many as 50, that were divided into 5 dose groups for the acute toxicity testing and 40 rats in 4 dose groups for the sub-chronic toxicity testing.The acute toxicity testing of fenugreek seed extracts and moringa leaf extracts (1:1 results in a pseudo value LD50 >4,000 mg/200g bw, therefore we classified the materials to practically non-toxic (PNT. For the subchronic toxicity testing, the result showed a normal state on liver and kidney function.

  9. Validiteten af diagnosen akut myokardieinfarkt i to registre: Hjerteregistret sammenlignet med Landspatientregisteret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mette; Balling, H; Eriksen, L S

    1990-01-01

    in the National Patient Register only appear to explain a lesser fraction of the disagreements as the diagnoses which were summed up in the upper part of the summaries showed reasonably good agreement with the diagnoses in the National Patient Register. Re-assessment of the diagnoses revealed that approximately...... 90% of the admissions with AMI could be verified, without modification, by reviewing the text of the summaries.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Udgivelsesdato: 1990-Jan-29...

  10. İmmunkompetan Bir Ce rrahta Gelişen Akut Cytomegalovi rus Hepatiti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra Tanyel

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Cytomegalovirus (CMV infection in theimmunocompetentindividual is asymptomaticormanifested as a mononucleosis-likesyndrome, and severe organ damage is rarelyreported.CMV is transmittedthroughblood, body fluids, sexualandplacental transfer, andtransplantedorgans.Here, wedescribe a previouslyhealthymalepatient of acute CMV hepatitis in whomthediagnosiswasestablishedbypolymerasechainreaction (PCR CMV-DNA. A 28-year-old malesurgeonwasadmittedtoouroutpatientclinicwithcomplaints of feverforthreeweeks. Uponadmissionthepatientpresented body temperaturewas 380C andphysicalexaminationrevealed normal findingsotherthanhepatomegaly.Laboratorydatarevealed a slightlyincreasedwhitebloodcell (10000/mm3withatypicallymphocytes(>10% in peripheralbloodsmear. His liverenzymeconcentrationswereelevatedandan extensiveserologicalscreeningto identify anyviralcause of hepatitis.TheCMV IgMwaspositive, andIgGwasnegative. PCR of his bloodwaselevatedforCMV DNA(1150 copies/mL; normal range<150copies/mL.Treatmentwithganciclovirwasinitiated, afterwhich his liverfunctionbegantoimproveand her general conditionrecovered.Intheliterature, severalimmunocompetentcaseswith CMV hepatitishavebeenreported. Inaddition, patientsmaydevelopcholestatichepatitis, granulomatoushepatitis, orfulminanthepaticfailurerequiringlivertransplantationdueto CMV infection. Viralculture, serology, CMV antigenemia, histopathologicalexamination, and PCR can be used in thediagnosis of CMV infections. Anti-CMV immunoglobulinshavelowspecificityandsensitivityduringacuteinfection. Thegoldstandard in thediagnosis is CMV-DNA levelmeasured in thebloodusing PCR, andquantitativemeasurement is particularlyimportantforfollow-up. Thepresentcasereport is noteworthyforreminding CMV as an etiologicalfactorforclinicalpresentationwithfever, hepatomegaly, andelevatedliverenzymes, whenotherfactorsareexcluded.

  11. Metabolisk kontrol med insulin hos patienter med diabetes mellitus og akut myokardieinfarkt (DIGAMI 2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Ida; Malmberg, Klas; Rydén, Lars

    2006-01-01

    Patients with diabetes have an unfavourable prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction. The DIGAMI 2 study investigated the effect of various metabolic treatment strategies in type 2 diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction: acutely introduced, long-term insulin treatment did...

  12. Telemedicinsk praehospital diagnostik og visitation af en patient med akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terkelsen, Astrid J.; Nielsen-Kudsk, Jens Erik; Andersen, Henning Rud

    2008-01-01

    Mortality in untreated pulmonary embolism is high and short-term outcome depends on a timely diagnosis. In this case telemedicine involving 12-lead ECG and GSM-based communication between the patient in the ambulance and the telemedical staff resulted in remote pre-hospital suspicion of acute...

  13. EVALUASI KUANTITAS PENGGUNAAN OBAT ANTIASMA PADA PASIEN ASMA SERANGAN AKUT DI RUMAH SAKIT PARU RESPIRA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lolita

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease characterized by wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest due to airway obstruction. Asthma attacks has variation from mild to severe and can even be fatal or life-threatening (Rai and Artana, 2016. ATC / DDD system means the evaluation methods of the drug use to improve the quality of the use of drug. This study aims to determine the quantity of the use of antiasma’s drug in acute asthma attack patients at RS Paru Respira Yogyakarta in 2016 by the ATC/DDD method. This study was an observational study with retrospective data collection in 2016. The data analysis was done by calculating the percentage of the quantity of drug use by Defined Daily Dose (DDD per 1000 KPRJ. The result was found that there were 82 patients with inclusion criteria of 129 cases in RS Paru Respira Yogyakarta in 2016. There are 62,20% women and 37,80% men. Age characteristics of 36-45 years old more frequently got acute attacks of asthma (52,40% compared with the age of 26-35 years amount of 47.60%. The quantity evaluation of antiasma usage in the acute attack asthma patients was formoterol 70.7 / 1000 KPRJ higher than Hbr phenoterol of 0.02 / 1000 KPRJ.

  14. Analisis Mutasi Gen Protein X Virus Hbv Pada Penderita Hepatitis B Akut Di Manado

    OpenAIRE

    Fatimawali; Kepel, Billy

    2014-01-01

    Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan hepatitis B kronis menjadi kanker hati antara lain mutasi pada gen x. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi gen protein x virus HBV dan menganalisis apakah terjadi mutasi gen yang terkait dengan munculnya tumor ganas sirosis hati (HCC). Penelitian ini menggunakan primer untuk proses nested PCR yang telah dirancang sebelumnya. Proses nested PCR terhadap 10 sampel DNA HBV pasien dilakukan untuk mengamplifikasi fragmen DNA gen x dilanjutkan ...

  15. Anstrengelsesinduceret ST-segmentdepression efter akut myokardieinfarkt. Forekomst og prognostisk betydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Pless, P; May, O

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of a review of 20 investigations (3,587 patients), the prevalence of significant ST-segment-depression (ST-depr) in patients performing an exercise test 9-30 days after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was found to be 33% (3-70%). The reason for the considerable variation is due...... to a combination of several factors: 1) different and frequently incomplete definition of significant ST-depr; 2) heterogenically composed patient groups (first vs subsequent AMI, different prevalence of infarct types and localization, consecutive vs selected patients, +/- cardioactive drugs during the exercise...

  16. Stenting plus coiling: dangerous or helpful?; Stenting plus Coiling bei akut rupturierten intrakraniellen Aneurysmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wanke, I.; Gizewski, E.; Doerfler, A.; Stolke, D.; Forsting, M. [Essen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiologie und Neuroradiologie

    2005-09-01

    Purpose: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the procedural risk of treating acute ruptured aneurysms with a stentcoil combination. Material and methods: between August 2001 and January 2004 we treated nine acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients with a combination of stents and platinum coils. Results: six aneurysms were 100% eliminated; the residual three aneurysms had a 95% to 99% occlusion. A transient thrombosis in the stent in one patient could be recanalized by intravenous application of ReoPro {sup registered}. In another patient an occlusive vasospasm at the distal end of the stent was successfully treated with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}. Neurological complications occurred in none of the patients. Conclusion: in broad-based aneurysms which cannot be clipped or in which any neurosurgical treatment presents an unacceptably high risk (posterior circulation and paraophthalmic aneurysms), treatment using a combination of stent and platinum coils might be an option even in the acute phase of an SAH. Platelet aggregation can be treated with Aspirin registered and Plavix {sup registered} after placement of the first coil, vasospasms with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}, and acute stent thrombosis with GP IIa/IIIb-antagonists. (orig.)

  17. Valproatinduceret akut interstitiel nefritis med et alvorligt forløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martuseviciene, Giedre; Kamper, Anne-Lise; Horn, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute interstitial nephritis caused by sodium valproate is reported. The sodium valproate treatment was continued after initial diagnosis and the patient developed end-stage renal failure. After transplantation, interstitial nephritis was demonstrated in the renal graft....

  18. Pengujian Toksisitas Akut Oral Dan Dermal pada Biolarvasida Metarhizium anisopliae terhadap Tikus Putih Spraque Dawley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Zulfiana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute oral and dermal toxicity test against white rats was conducted to determine the toxicity and side effects of bio-larvacide (Metarhizium anisopliae crude extract on humans. In the oral test used a maximum dose 5000 mg/kg and dermal testing used a maximum dose of 2000 mg/kg. Dose treatment and control tested to 5 Spraque Dawley male rats. The results showed that oral treatment with a dose of 5000 mg/kg did not cause mortality and did not cause changes in anatomic pathology of viceral organs. In the dermal treatment with a dose of 2000 mg/kg did not cause mortality and did not cause changes in anatomic pathology of viceral organs. Based on these results LD50 acute oral M. anisopliae biolarvacide above 5000 mg/kg and the acute dermal is above 2000 mg/kg. It was therefore concluded that the formulation of Metarhizium anisopliae biolarvasida classified as not hazardous when used in accordance with the recommendation of the class I (WHO, 2003.

  19. Akut iliofemoral venøs trombose bør behandles med kateterbaseret trombolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Rikke; Just, Sven; Jørgensen, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has been performed in Denmark since 1999. The purpose of CDT is to dissolve thrombus and to restore the venous lumen as fast as possible and thereby save venous valve function and prevent...... postthrombotic syndrome. Danish studies have shown that treatment of acute iliofemoral DVT using CDT results in good patency, preserves venous valve function, reduces the frequency of PTS, and is associated with a higher quality of life....

  20. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g...... of ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  1. Svær akut underernæring hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabiansen, Christian; Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Eklund, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects approx. 19 million children below five years of age in low and middle income countries. Both shortage and low quality of foods are important determinants of SAM. With the development of special ready-to-use foods and by using simple treatment protocols...

  2. Plain film emergency radiology of child abuse: a strategy; Die akute Roentgendiagnostik der Kindesmisshandlung: Eine Strategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oestreich, A.E. [Children`s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati OH (United States). Dept. of Radiology

    1998-04-01

    A strategy is proposed for the dedicated interpretation of possible radiographic plain film signs that are suspicious for indicating child abuse. For each sign, the features `PRO` raise the question of abuse, while radiographic or clinical findings `CON` suggest an alternate explanation. Birth trauma, oesteogenesis imperfecta, rescue trauma, and metastatic neuroblastoma are among the many entities cited. A triad of situations may lead a radiologist to look systematically for changes from abuse; a triad of resolutions may result from the search. Periosteal reaction is the major factor in dating of fractures; physiologic periosteal reaction of infancy and periosteal reaction from previous fracture must be considered when so dating fractures. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird eine Strategie fuer die genaue Interpretation roentgenologischer Befunde, die auf eine Kindesmisshandlung hindeuten koennen, vorgeschlagen. Fuer jeden Befund werfen die unter `PRO` aufgefuehrten Merkmale die Frage nach einer Kindesmisshandlung auf, waehrend radiologische und klinische Befunde unter `CON` andere Erklaerungen nahelegen. Geburtstrauma, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Rettungstrauma und metastasierendes Neuroblastom sind unter den vielen zitierten Differentialdiagnosen. Drei moegliche Situationen koennen den Radiologen dazu veranlassen, systematisch nach Zeichen einer Kindesmisshandlung zu suchen, 3 moegliche Loesungen koennen aus dieser Suche hervorgehen. Eine Periostreaktion ist ein Kardinalbefund zur Datierung von Frakturen. Physiologische Periostreaktionen im fruehen Kindesalter und Periostreaktionen durch fruehere Frakturen muessen bei einer solchen Datierung von Frakturen mitbedacht werden. (orig.)

  3. The acute pulmonary oedema in the intensive-care ward. Das akute Lungenoedem auf der Intensivstation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marciniak, R.; Aronski, A. (Akademia Medyczna, Wroclaw (Poland))

    1989-07-01

    760 patients suffering from acute pulmonary oedema were treated between 1980 and 1986 at the Institute of Anaesthesiology of the Medical Academy in Wroclaw. The radiological image of the pulmonary oedema was subdivided into three forms (hilar, hilar and perihilar, and hilar with massive plane-shaped infiltrates). In the treatment of acute pulmonary oedema in the intensive-care ward a thorough diagnostic programme is mandatory after the immediately necessary measures have been taken. (orig.).

  4. ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH MERAH YANG BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI ANTIDIABETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mega Safithri

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to explore the analysis proximate and toxicity of the decoctions of P. crocatum. Fresh leaves of P. crocatum were boiled in water in order to obtain decoction and were examined for its chemical compounds by using SNI 01-2891-1992 method for proximate analysis. Toxicity of decoction extract of P. crocatum was orally fed to rats (Sprague dawley. The results showed that P. crocatum leaves contains 9.27% water, 14.33% ash, 3.96% fat, 22.63% proteins, and 59.08% carbohydrates. Acute toxicity test showed that all rats were still alive after 7 days treatment with P. crocatum decoction for all dose groups (0, 5, 10, and 20 g/kg BB. LC50 value of P. crocatum decoction was 544.82 ppm, meaning that the decoction was relatively harmless and bioactive.Key words: Piper crocatum, proximate analysis, toxicity, antidiabeticABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menentukan kadar air, abu, protein, lemak, dan karbohidrat dari rebusan daun sirih merah (Piper crocatum serta mempelajari toksisitasnya. Daun segar sirih merah direbus dalam air mendidihuntuk mendapatkan dekokta/rebusan yang akan dianalisis kandungan senyawa kimianya menggunakan metode SNI 01-2891-1992. Uji toksisitas menggunakan tikus putih galur Sprague dawley untuk menentukan LD50nya dan menggunakan larva udang untuk menentukan LC50 nya. Hasil analisis proksimat menunjukkan bahwa daun sirih merah mengandung 9.27% air, 14.33% abu, 3.96% lemak, 22.63 % protein, dan 59.08% karbohidrat.Hasil uji toksisitas menunjukkan bahwa selama 24 jam sampai 7 hari setelah diberikan dekokta, tidak ada tikus yang mati pada semua kelompok dosis (0, 5, 10, maupun 20 g/kg BB. Tidak adanya kematian pada semua dosis yang diujikan dapat dikatakan bahwa dekokta sirih merah tidak toksik. Nilai LC50 untuk air rebusan sirih merah terjadi pada konsentrasi 544.82 ppm. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa air rebusan sirih merah memiliki potensi bioaktivitas.Kata kunci: Piper crocatum, analisis proksimat, toksisitas, antidiabetes

  5. Diagnostic and therapy of acute thoracic aortic diseases; Diagnostik und Therapie akuter Erkrankungen der thorakalen Aorta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schotten, Sebastian; Pitton, Michael B. [Universitaetsmedizin Mainz Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2017-09-15

    Acute diseases of the thoracic aorta represent a relatively rare but life threatening spectrum of pathologies. The non-traumatic diseases are usually summarized by the term ''acute aortic syndrome''. A timely diagnosis and initiation of therapy are cornerstones for the patient outcome. CT has become the standard imaging procedure due do its widespread availability and excellent sensitivity. Furthermore, CT is able to discriminate the variants of acute aortic diseases and to detect the wide spectrum of complications. The volumetric CT dataset is also the basis for planning of interventional procedures. Open surgical repair still represents the standard of care for acute pathologies of the ascending aorta while endovascular therapy, due to minimally invasive character and good outcome, has replaced open surgery in most cases of complicated lesions of the descending aorta.

  6. Erhvervsprognosen 18 måneder efter et streptokinasebehandlet akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jeppe Hagstrup; Ravn, Lene; Rasmussen, Søren Elkjaer

    1996-01-01

    had continuous chest pain of less than six hours prior to admission and electrocardiographic changes consistent with acute myocardial infarction. The two groups were comparable with respect to medical variables related to their myocardial infarction and to educational level. A total of 17 patients (53......In order to assess the impact of thrombolytic therapy on return to work 18 months after a first myocardial infarction 32 patients treated with streptokinase were compared to 30 patients not treated with streptokinase. The study was designed as a historical cohort study. The patients in both groups......%) in the streptokinase group and 16 (53%) among controls had stopped working 18 months after their MI. An association between the treatment and the working status could not be found (relative risk = 1.0) nor could it be found if the figures were corrected for deaths and retirements because of age. In conclusion...

  7. Effekt af psykosocial rehabilitering efter akut myokardieinfarkt. En randomiseret undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Susanne Margrete Bølling; Baumbach, Lars A; Jørgensen, Torben

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of group based psychosocial rehabilitation following discharge compared to usual care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomised clinical trial was performed in the setting of a coronary unit at Herlev University Hospital. The study sample......: The intervention did not significantly affect coping strategies, general health or physical function. The readmission rate was significantly lower in the intervention group compared to the control group. The mortality rate in the intervention group was lower after four months, one year and four years. DISCUSSION...

  8. Vellykket implementering af farmaceutisk intervention på Akut Modtage Afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønkjær, Louise Smed; Jensen, Mia Lolk; Madsen, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    We document the process of implementing a clinical pharmacist service at the acute medical admission unit at Odense University Hospital. During the period December 2009 through April 2010 we reviewed 915 medication lists, which resulted in 628 interventions with generic substitution as the most...

  9. Herpes zoster-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastaer leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Gitte Vrelits; Helgestad, Jon; Rosthøj, Steen

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster rarely occurs in healthy children, but may occur frequently and may take a complicated course in children receiving chemotherapy. We aimed to assess morbidity from herpes zoster in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Reviewing records...

  10. Sparsom viden om patientrapporterede outcomes efter større akut abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oreskov, Jakob Ohm; Ekeløf, Sarah; Burcharth, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    Little is known about patient-reported outcomes after major emergency abdominal surgery. Studies on patients undergoing major elective abdominal surgery and patients in the intensive care unit report significant challenges with chronic pain, functional impairment, quality of life, depression and ...

  11. Perforeret akut akalkuløs kolecystitis forårsaget af hepatitis A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cuk, Pedja; Iqbal, Mozammil; Lykke, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare condition associated with a high risk of gangrene, empyema and perforation of the gallbladder. In this case report it is described how hepatitis A infection leads to a fulminant perforated acalculous chole-cystitis, which is described sporadically in the l......Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare condition associated with a high risk of gangrene, empyema and perforation of the gallbladder. In this case report it is described how hepatitis A infection leads to a fulminant perforated acalculous chole-cystitis, which is described sporadically...

  12. UJI TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN PSIDIUM GUAVA LINN (DAUN JAMBU BIJI TERHADAP MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amiyatun Naini

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Psidium guava Linn leaf extract as mouthrinse has been suggested to be used against toothache, and also has suggested effect against diarrhea and vomiting, as well as anti spasmodic and rheumatic symptoms, anti inflammation, anti piretic, analgetic, and anti bacterial activity. However, to consider potential side effects, this work aimed to test the acute toxicity of guava leaf extract. For this purpose guava leaf extract was given orally to to groups of ten mice each at a doses of 1.25g, 2.5, 5, 10 and 21 g/kg body weight in a suspension with CMC Na 0,5%. Ten mice were used as control with a dose of 1 ml CMC Na 0,5%. The results suggest no acute toxicity to mice, since even the biggest dose given (show no measurable value of LD 50. It could be concluded that guava leaf extract shows no acute toxicity to mice at tested concentrations.

  13. Praediktorer for kroniske følger ved whiplashtraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasch, Helge; Kongsted, Alice; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    Prognostic factors for chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) are identified. In WAD grade I-III, 50% report neck pain after one year (30% in background population). There is a female preponderance among WAD cases. 10% develop a work disability, but no gender differences are found. Age, crash......-injury distress was associated with a 2.1 OR for pain after one year and a 2.8 OR for work disability. Intense headache/neck pain and a multitude of non-painful complaints were both associated with a 3.5 to 4.0 times raised risk of work disability after a year....

  14. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J

    1996-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is associated with multiple endocrine abnormalities. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and monoamines are involved in the regulation of human appetite, and they are changed in several ways in anorexia nervosa. But it remains to be clarified whether these alterations are secondary...... or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  15. Atypisk manifestation ved infektiøs endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Hansen, Lars Koch; Rujic, Dragana

    2013-01-01

    Infective endocarditis is a serious disease associated with a high mortality. The initial presentation may be non-specific and misleading, thus delaying correct diagnosis. In this case report, we describe a 46-year-old woman, who presented with symptoms suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosus......, including malar rash, arthritis, acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia, but she was subsequently proven to have infective endocarditis involving the mitral valve. Her rheumatological symptoms diminished after antibiotic therapy and mitral valve surgery....

  16. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  17. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  18. Ny markør ved trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Hillarp, Andreas; Lindblom, Anders

    2008-01-01

    Thrombotic microangiopathy can be caused by several conditions which are difficult to diagnose from the clinical presentation alone. Deficient enzyme activity of a newly-discovered enzyme, ADAMTS-13, can lead to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Lack of ADAMTS-13 activity causes increased...

  19. Hyperfibrinolytisk dissemineret intravaskulær koagulation ved drukneulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hattesen, Andreas Lund; Berg, Henrik Karsten; Folkersen, Lars

    2017-01-01

    This article summarizes the current knowledge of drowning-induced hyperfibrinolytic disseminated intravascular coagulation. Drowning induces respiratory failure with ensuing cardiac arrest, hypoxaemia and ischaemia. A coagulopathy is induced by ischaemia, acidosis and hypothermia, and clinically...

  20. Mikrobiologiske forhold ved aggressive former for marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belstrøm, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Aggressiv parodontitis er en alvorlig sygdom, der kan manifestere sig klinisk i en lokal og generaliseret form, og som ubehandlet ultimativt kan medføre tandtab i en tidlig alder. Nekrotiserede parodontale sygdomme, herunder nekrotiserende gingivitis, parodontitis og stomatitis, er kliniske tilst...

  1. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    sågar også konkurrencer for skolebørn. En af årsagerne til konkurrencerne, er, at mange virksomheder anser konceptudviklingsaktiviteten for værende af stigende vigtighed. Det er interessant at bemærke, når man studerer disse forskellige konkurrencers rammer, regler og mål, at fællesnævneren for alle...... "innovative koncepter"? Først vedrørende en forståelse af "innovation" i den industrielle kontekst. Udover den relativt sikre og simplistiske definition af: innovation = opfindelse + markedsmæssig succes, er der kun ganske få forsøg i den danske industrikontekst på at definere målene for, eller aktiviteterne...... skabt (kerne produktindhold). Indtil videre er der ikke blevet leveret nogle af disse pc?er, så den kan stadig betragtes som et koncept. Men man har i hvert fald gjort sit bedste for at overveje alle teknologiske, sociale og design-aspekter af konceptet. Moralen her er, at vi ingeniører skal skærpe...

  2. Svært ved grammatikken - del 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Line Burholt; Boye, Kasper

    2016-01-01

    Denne artikel er anden del af en artikelserie om baggrunden for grammatiske vanskeligheder. Den første artikel (bragt i Logos nr. 75) forklarede hvorfor grammatik er vigtigt for mennesker, og hvorfor det er vigtigt at have en teori om grammatik når man skal afgrænse, undersøge og behandle...... grammatiske vanskeligheder. Artiklen viste også at en klar og praktisk anvendelig definition er nødvendig, men at eksisterende traditionelle teorier giver uklare kriterier for forskellen på grammatik og leksikon. I denne anden del af artikelserien præsenterer vi en ny teori om grammatisk status (Boye & Harder...

  3. Manglende effekt af substitutionsbehandling ved alfa 1-antitrypsin-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Ronald; Hilberg, Ole; Ottesen, Anders Løkke

    2011-01-01

    Persons with alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been tested for the clinical value of regular intravenous infusion with A1AT in two small double-blind randomised controlled trials. The trials found a statistical significant reduction...

  4. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In ca...

  5. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  6. Færre indikationer for sedation ved respiratorbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Rian, Omar; Toft, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation have traditionally been deeply sedated. In the latest decade growing evidence supports less sedation as being beneficial for the patients. A daily interruption of sedation has been shown to reduce the length of mechanical ventilation and t...

  7. De mest effektive avlsplaner kan findes ved simuleringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meier, Kristian; Sørensen, Anders Christian; Thirstrup, Janne Pia

    2014-01-01

    Selektion for høj pelskvalitet og store skind foregår i praksis på levende dyr, mens prisen for skindet vurderes efter pelsning. Vores analyser viste positiv men lav korrelation mellem pelskvalitetsegenskaber vurderet på henholdsvis levende dyr og skind. Ydermere fandt vi en negativ korrelation...

  8. Prognostiske markører for vaegttab ved adipositasbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Buemann, B; Gluud, C N

    1996-01-01

    cessation of treatment. The maximum weight loss (mean 16.2 kg. 95% CI 14.2-18.2) was positively associated to pre-treatment 24-h energy expenditure (EE) (p DHT) (p ... these factors could explain 41% of the variation in maximum weight loss. After 36 weeks only 24-h EE and DHT had predictive power on weight loss. Weight losses in upper and lower tertiles of DHT concentrations were 17.7 kg (14.1-21.4) and 9.8 kg (6.2-13.3) (p ... kg in the upper compared to the lower DHT tertile was 12% (4-32%). At two and a half years follow-up 21 patients had maintained some of the weight loss (54%), while 14 patients had maintained > 5 kg weight loss (36%). High levels of pre-treatment DHT were also associated with better weight loss...

  9. Potentielle skadelige virkninger ved brug af strømpistol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Hassager, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Conducted electrical weapons (CEW) were invented in the 1970s and are now widely used by more than 16,000 military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Recent studies have sug-gested that a causal relation of cardiac arrest in humans and utilization of CEW may exist and cardiac capture and fatal...

  10. Validitet af kodning og indberetning ved vaginal prolapskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To validate the coding and local registration of vaginal prolapse surgery in 1996-1998, and reporting of such data to the Danish National Patient registry (LPR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparison of different sets of data from the local data base (GS) and LPR, and retrospective study...... as a vaginal prolapse procedure the validity of this being true was 93.6%. 18 non-prolapse procedures were registered as vaginal procedures. The registration was incomplete in 12.5% due to typing or hearing errors or missing codes. The coding was misleading in 11.8%, due to lack of consensus on coding. 86.......6% of errors were passed through from the patient file to GS and LPR. Through simple guidelines misleading use of combination of codes was reduced from 7% to 0.5%. CONCLUSION: The validity of the two sets of GS data, and the reporting from GS to LPR of vaginal surgical procedures is satisfactory on the cpr...

  11. Brug af foetocidium ved sene provokerede aborter i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    As a result of prenatal screening, the number of late terminations of pregnancy is increasing in Denmark. The fact that the foetus sometimes shows signs of life after the termination is a large concern for health-care staff and parents. In other countries feticide is performed intrauterinely to e...... to ensure that the foetus is dead before the delivery. In Denmark this method is legally used in foetal reduction, but not in late termination of pregnancy. In the light of international literature on the subject, perspectives on feticide in late termination of pregnancy are explored....

  12. Bedre prognose af cystinose ved behandling med cysteamin og nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oczachowska-Kulik, Anna Ewa; Lund, Allan; Skovby, Flemming

    2011-01-01

    Cystinosis is a rare, autosomal recessive disease with cystine deposits in different tissues. First signs come from kidneys and eyes, but during progression of the disease other organs can also be affected. Previously, patients with cystinosis had a very poor prognosis, but it is now considerably...

  13. Columbus' navn hang ved, da Colombia rev sig fri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2016-01-01

    I 52 år har Colombia været skueplads for en særdeles blodig guerillakrig, som har kostet flere end 220.000 mennesker livet. Når den colombianske præsident, Juan Manuel Santos, i morgen på Oslos rådhus modtager Nobels fredspris, er det ikke bare, fordi Nobelkomitéen håber, at den vil give ham styrke...

  14. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    The sequelae following whiplash injuries (WL) entail considerable human costs and expenses for both treatment and social services, especially public income benefits. Frequently, many players are involved after WL and good intersectional collaboration is therefore essential to counter the WL...

  15. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1......) A careful bronchoscopy is important even in cases where lung cancer is not expected. 2) Accurate endobronchial classification can be crucial. 3) There is need for training requirements to obtain a satisfactory level of competence in bronchoscopy....

  16. Formidling af uheldsrisikoen ved spirituskørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kærup, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Selvom flere forskningsprojekter har påvist unges særlige risiko i Europa, når det kommer til alkohol, så har det vist sig svært at formidle denne risiko til unge bilister. I 2006 påbegyndtes et stort europæisk forskningsprojekt, DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Drugs, Alcohol and Medicines...

  17. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1) A ......) A careful bronchoscopy is important even in cases where lung cancer is not expected. 2) Accurate endobronchial classification can be crucial. 3) There is need for training requirements to obtain a satisfactory level of competence in bronchoscopy....

  18. Marin recipientundersøgelse ved Thule Air Base 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.; Mayer, P.

    I 2002 gennemførte Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser en recipientundersøgelse ud for Thule Air Base (TAB) for at vurdere, om aktiviteterne og specielt de efterladte dumpe på TAB har belastet det marine miljø med forurenende stoffer. Undersøgelsen viser, at der findes flere forurenings-kilder som f. eks...... findes i Wolstenholme Fjord og Bylot Sund området og regionen som helhed. Det væsentligste forureningsproblem i forbindelse med akti-viteterne på Thule Air Base synes at være PCBerne, idet denne kontaminantgruppe viser forhøjede koncentrationer på 2-30 gange både lokalt og regionalt. PCB...

  19. Melæna som debutsymptom ved amyloidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessen, Ester M B; Nielsen, Liv Bjerre Juul; Bønnelycke, Marie Kamper

    2015-01-01

    Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by abnormal extracellular deposits of protein. The disease may affect the stomach, however, symptoms are rare in this case. Furthermore, the rare symptoms are diffuse and unspecific and the diagnosis relies on biopsy. We report the case of a 79-year-old fema...... presenting with melaena and no history of amyloidosis. Gastroscopy raised suspicion of a malignant process in the stomach, but biopsy revealed gastric amyloidosis. The treatment of gastric involvement is primarily symptomatic, and causal treatment is reserved for the few....

  20. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...

  1. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...... subcutaneous doses. The frequency of hypoglycemia was similar during intranasal and subcutaneous insulin therapy, and nasal mucosal physiology was unaffected after intranasal insulin. We conclude that due to low bioavailability and to a high rate of therapeutic failure, intranasal insulin treatment...

  2. Mulighetsstudie for urbant jordbruk ved Gaustadjordet i Oslo

    OpenAIRE

    Espeli, Marthe Bævre

    2017-01-01

    Thesis exploring possibilities for urban agriculture activities at Gaustadjordet, Oslo Gaustadjordet is located in Oslo Kommune, which holds 658 390 inhabitants. (https://www.oslo.kommune.no/politikk-og-administrasjon/statistikk/ befolkning/folkemengde-og-endringer/, 01.01.16) The area is located south of preserved forest areas surrounding the city, and the recreational area of of Sognsvann, northwest of Majorstua, between Blindern and Vinderen metro stations. The area has traditionally be...

  3. Manglende effekt af substitutionsbehandling ved alfa 1-antitrypsin-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Ronald; Hilberg, Ole; Ottesen, Anders Løkke

    2011-01-01

    in the decrease of lung density measured by computed tomographies, but found no clinical nor statistical significant difference in respiratory symptoms, quality of life, lung function, use of medication, exacerbations, respiratory infections or survival. Based on the present evidence A1AT substitution therapy...

  4. Falsk positivt fund ved screening for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgh, Annette; Grøndal, Nikolaj; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2009-01-01

    The incidence of false-positive screening results in connection with ultrasound scans (US) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is unknown, but it is presumably a rare occurrence. The estimated predictive values of both false and true screening results are high because abdominal US describes...

  5. Hvad forstår vi ved pragmatiske sprogvanskeligheder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Helle Hallenberg; Christensen, Rikke Vang

    2017-01-01

    I artiklen formidles nogle af de opmærksomhedsområder, vi anser for vigtige i det logopædiske arbejde med børn med pragmatiske sprogvanskeligheder, blandt andet det store spænd i karakteristika og mulige problemer med anvendeligheden af en ny diagnostisk kategori, ”Developmental language disorder...... with impairment of mainly pragmatic language”, i ICD-1.1...

  6. Ureterlaesion ved radikal hysterektomi for cancer colli uteri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolff, M; Bang, T; Bostofte, E

    1996-01-01

    Eight ureter lesions of the ureter occurred among 100 consecutive patients undergoing radical hysterectomy for cancer of the uterine cervix. The management of this problem is discussed, and treatment guidelines for the most commonly seen lesions are proposed. It is concluded that a more liberal use...

  7. Ultralydundersøgelse ved diagnostik og kontrol af pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Søren Helbo; Graumann, Ole; Zhang, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Fast and accurate diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is of vital importance. Chest X-ray is currently the most used image modality for the diagnosis of CAP. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an image modality that seems superior to conventional chest X-ray for diagnosing CAP. LUS is better...

  8. Arbejdsmiljøet ved udbud af renovationsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Ole Gunni

    Forfatteren gennemførte 2003-2005 en undersøgelse for Branchearbejdsmiljådet for transport af danske kommuners praksis i forbindelse med udbud og udlicitering af renovationsopgaver. Formålet var at kortlægge og analysere erfaringerne med varetagelse af arbejdsmiljøhensyn i kommunernes udbud og dr...

  9. Forebyggende ambulant behandling ved affektiv lidelse (depression og mani)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Hansen, Hanne Vibe; Hougaard, Esben

    2007-01-01

    The present article is based on a Health Technology Assessment Report (HTA, available with an English summary at www.cemtv.dk) on preventive out-patient treatment of affective disorders. The article briefly reviews the course of depressive disorder and bipolar affective disorder and reviews...... the best available treatment modalities including shared care models, prophylactic pharmacotherapy and prophylactic combination therapy involving pharmacotherapy and psychological treatment....

  10. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, L.; Sørensen, J.; Østergaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  11. Sammenligning af QuantiFERON og hudtest ved mulig tuberkuloseinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Micha; Krause, Tyra Grove; Moryl, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    positive students were found in relation to the index case. Positive TST results and BCG vaccination (p ... to the desired level of safety and the cost for society and for the patients. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  12. Neisseria meningitidis. Lipopolysakkariders patofysiologiske rolle ved meningokoksygdom og septisk shock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mie Østergaard; Pedersen, Dan Sonne; Pedersen, Michael

    2008-01-01

    increased the likelihood of developing an anti-meningococcal immunization strategy based upon the virulence of LPS which may lead to a vaccination against this important pathogen including serogroup B disease. This review summarizes recent findings that may provide a safe, effective prophylaxis and therapy...

  13. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  14. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme I. Baggrund og praeklinisk validering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg; Stentoft, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    In haematological malignancies, molecular markers like fusion DNA from balanced translocations, point mutations, or over-expressed genes can now be used not only for diagnosis, but also for determination of the minimal residual disease (MRD) after cytoreduction with a sensitivity by far exceeding...

  15. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In case...

  16. Cancer kan være differentialdiagnose ved psykiatriske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eibye, Simone; Speyer, Helene; Benros, Michael Eriksen

    2015-01-01

    We present a patient with psychiatric symptoms as the first manifestation from an undetected brain tumor. The patient had symptoms of psychosis and a prior history with depression. A slight alteration in consciousness was found but no neurological deficits. Blood tests showed increased infection...

  17. Postoperativ strålebehandling ved cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Marie; Kvistgaard, Marianne Ewertz; Thomsen, Mette Skovhus

    2007-01-01

    with 5%. The effect is most pronounced in patients with a high risk of local recurrence, but is independent of adjuvant systemic treatment. Late radiation effects, in particular cardiac mortality can now be avoided using modern treatment technique. However, there is a continuous need to find the overall...... balance between the risk and benefit of RT based on individual prognostic parameters and technical possibilities. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Sep-3...

  18. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved P-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  19. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  20. Bronkodilaterende inhalationsanaestetika ved asthma bronchiale og status asthmaticus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Stjernholm, P H; Hansen, T G

    1994-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning the use of halogenated inhalational anaesthetics (halothane, enflurane, isoflurane) in anaesthesia of asthmatic patients and in intensive care units in the treatment of status asthmaticus refractory to maximal standard t...

  1. Potentielle skadelige virkninger ved brug af strømpistol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Hassager, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Conducted electrical weapons (CEW) were invented in the 1970s and are now widely used by more than 16,000 military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Recent studies have sug-gested that a causal relation of cardiac arrest in humans and utilization of CEW may exist and cardiac capture and fat...... arrhythmia have been documented in animal studies. We believe, based on current knowledge, that CEW use may have caused human fatalities. Users should be aware of potential serious side effects and be able to provide basic life support....

  2. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...

  3. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP)3 inflammasomes. These inflammasomes govern the induction of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, IL-18 and IL-33. PRR and inflammasome dysfunctions may underly immunoinflammatory diseases such as gout and other arthritides, type 1 diabetes and arteriosclerosis....

  4. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...

  5. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlingsprincip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdóttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemotherapy and novel endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective...... drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2 and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  6. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  7. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis wher...... the use of confocal microscopy and PCR based DNA analysis of epithelial scrapings played a pivotal role. An early diagnose is crucial for achieving a successful outcome....

  8. Nye sygdomsmarkører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative neoplasier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmström, Morten Orebo; Ocias, Lukas Frans; Kallenbach, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    The chaperone and calcium storing protein calreticulin is coded by CALR, and newly identified mutations in CALR are found in respectively 49-70% and 56-88% of JAK2- and MPL-negative patients with essential thrombocytaemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). A total of 41 mutations have been...

  9. Myokardieskintigrafi. Praecis og omkostningseffektiv billeddiagnostik ved koronarsygdom--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, B.; Petersen, C.L.; Marcassa, C.

    2008-01-01

    Mortality rates due to coronary arterial disease (CAD) have declined as result of improved prevention, diagnosis and management, but CAD remains the leading cause of death. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) provides a cost-effective tool for early detection of CAD in symptomatic individuals...

  10. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    A limited number of reports published since 2001 have described an association between increased nuchal translucency (NT) and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We report a new case which underlines the frequency of this association as well as the importance of follow-up and genetic evaluation...

  11. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain d...... in the official treatment algorithms for patients who are resistant to conventional antidepressant therapy and electroconvulsive therapy....

  12. Også gravide skal rektaleksploreres ved anale symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Helle Manfeld; Rahr, Hans

    2012-01-01

    A case of disseminated rectal cancer in a 32-year-old pregnant woman is described. Pain was her main complaint, but this had been ascribed to haemorrhoids and treated with topical agents. She was diagnosed with rectal cancer late in the third trimester when her midwife referred her for surgical a...

  13. Kaffe kan være gavnlig ved leversygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Maria; Thiele, Maja; Krag, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world. Consequently, it is important to consider the impact of coffee on health and disease. A daily intake of at least three cups of coffee is likely to have beneficial health effects, especially in patients at risk of liver diseases....... Coffee has been associated with decreased liver inflammation, prevention of cirrhosis, reduced steatosis and lower incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not yet possible to make clear recommendations, but coffee can likely be included as part of a healthy diet for patients with liver diseases....

  14. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...... cardiac drugs are responsible for erectile dysfunction (ED). Lastly it should be remembered that treatment of ED may be associated with cardiovascular side-effects. Data from the literature show that men with coronary artery disease, hypertension or diabetes have an up to fourfold higher risk...

  15. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...

  16. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvouskolangiografi ved mislykket endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boman, Pia Snedker; Perdawid, Sharafaden Karim; Lykkegaard, John

    2012-01-01

    In this case report we describe an alternative method of cholangiography. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was not successful in a patient with choledocolithiasis. A combined endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and ERCP procedure was performed and a stent was inserted in the common...

  17. Fatalt forløb ved in vitro-fertilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Martin Kryspin; Møller-Sørensen, Hasse; Svane, Christian

    2010-01-01

    and developed chylomicronaemia syndrome with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia-induced acute pancreatitis and septic shock. Appropriate treatment including close monitoring, severe restriction of dietary fat intake and early plasmapheresis is emphasized - especially during pregnancy....

  18. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme II. Translation og terapeutiske konsekvenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Ommen, Hans Beier; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg

    2009-01-01

    in following patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. Moreover, the methodology is being integrated in an increasing number of clinical trials, where it is expected to result in more rational and individualized clinical decision-making. A special point...

  19. Hungry bone-syndrom ved vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chehaiber, Mohamad M; Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

    2009-01-01

    An 85-year-old woman was admitted after being bedridden for six months with muscular weakness and diarrhoea. Vitamin 25-OH-D, serum calcium, magnesium and phosphate were low, and parathyroid hormone as well as alkaline phosphatase were increased. Dual x-ray absorption scan showed reduced bone...

  20. Anvendelse af præhospital tourniquet ved livstruende ekstremitetstraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyngsaa Lang, Christian; Lauridsen, Trine; Boel, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Tourniquets have been used for centuries. They have been called lifesavers and "an invention of the evil one". 90.9% of deaths on the battlefields result from haemorrhage. Lessons learned du­ring the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have developed the treat­ment given to hypovolaemic patients...

  1. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    malassimilation. The frequency and clinical importance of this condition is in all probability underestimated. Screening for coeliac disease may be achieved by several serological tests (reticulin-, gliadin-, endomysial antibodies), of which IgA-endomysial antibodies seem superior. Comparative studies are often...

  2. Aflastning af tumorbetinget obstruerede øvre urinveje ved prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Pia Charlotte; Borre, Michael

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Hydronephrosis in patients with prostate cancer can be relieved by nephrostomia or internal urinary diversion by a double-J ureteral stent. The latter can be placed either retrograde or antegrade by means of an already established nephrostomy. The purpose of the present study...

  3. Intra- og interobservatøroverensstemmelse ved gennemsyn af kapselendoskopifilm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Emilie Lund; Ersbøll, Annette Kjaer; Rasmussen, Anne Mette Odgaard

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: It is unclear which professional groups can and should perform reviews of capsule endoscopy (CE) exams of the GI tract. We investigate whether a junior doctor or an endoscopy nurse can review CE films with the same diagnostic results as a specialist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An endoscopy...... nurse and a junior doctor, both with no CE experience, reviewed 30 CE films twice and noted their findings. A distinction was made between clinically important and non-important findings. An endoscopy specialist and the Given Imaging Review Service reviewed the films once each, and their findings were...

  4. HELLP kan ses i andet trimester ved antifosfolipidsyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Bjørn Stæhr; Havelund, Troels

    2011-01-01

    The syndrome of haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) is estimated to occur in 0.01-0.2% of pregnancies and is considered a severe form of preeclampsia. It is associated with considerable risk of maternal and foetal mortality. HELLP syndrome associated with antiphospholipid...... syndrome is known to occur early in the pregnancy. We report a case of severe HELLP syndrome complicated by multiple hepatic infarctions and portal vein thrombosis in the second trimester in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome....

  5. Laparoskopiassisteret ileocøkal resektion ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Knudsen, Torben; Poornoroozy, Peiman

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease.......Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease....

  6. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain d...

  7. Iatrogene duralæsioner ved dekompressionskirurgi i lumbalcolumna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Frederik; Amtoft, Ole; Andersen, Mikkel

    2010-01-01

    at the Private Hospital Hamlet. The study covers cases from the 10-month period from September 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008. Data was collected after this period and consists of surgeon-documented dural tears. At the time of surgery, the surgeon was unaware that there would be a subsequent registration. A total...

  8. Noninvasiv vurdering af fibrose ved kronisk viral hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Malene; Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Lindhardt, Bjarne Orskov

    2013-01-01

    In chronic viral hepatitis the liver biopsy helps the clinician to decide when to start treatment and plan follow-up. However, the execution of a liver biopsy is associated with discomfort, and sampling error can lead to misinterpretation. Serum markers and transient elastography (TE) are being...

  9. Danskernes seksualliv belyst ved befolkningsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Garde, Karin; Køster, Anne

    2002-01-01

    populations. A total of 34 studies based on a representative material were identified. However, only three studies were nationwide, including both genders and several age groups. The studies elucidate sex education, sexual activity, and sexual practices in regard to risk behavior related to AIDS, whereas...

  10. Ansatte hentede inspiration ved Burning Man-festival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2012-01-01

    Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse......Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse...

  11. Skader ved brug af løbehjul

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Hareskov; Nielsen, Henrik Toft; Larsen, Søren Erik

    2002-01-01

    Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters.......Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters....

  12. Overvej cannabinoid hyperemesis-syndrom ved recidiverende opkastninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterised by unrelenting nausea, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and compulsive, hot bathing behaviour. The symptoms contrast the traditional effects associated with cannabis use. We report a "textbook example" of a 26-year-old man with CHS. CHS...... is an important differential diagnosis to consider in patients with similar symptoms and the distinctive symptom relief in hot water. Early recognition may prevent extensive, unnecessary medical examinations and frequent hospital admissions....

  13. Meningokoksepsis diagnosticeret ved realtids-polymerasekædereaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harboe, Zitta B; Howitz, Michael F; Nørgaard, Christina

    2008-01-01

    Approximately 100 cases of meningococcal disease are reported annually in Denmark; 90% of these cases are confirmed by culture and serological methods. Real-time PCR was introduced in Denmark in 2005 as a diagnostic tool for meningococcal disease. We hereby report the first notified case of menin...

  14. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...... includes anticoagulation in patients with cardioembolic stroke and antiplatelet agents aspirin possibly combined with dipyridamole or clopidogrel alone in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke. Other individual risks may modify this treatment regimen. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Oct-1...

  15. Behov for national database ved operation for lumbal spondylodese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Sten; Iversen, Maria Gerding; Kehlet, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    in 2006 was used. RESULTS: There was no difference in patient demographics and diagnosis between public and private clinics. In 62% of the patient files, information was lacking. Considerations on indication and surgery did not differ from public to private clinics. A standard preoperative rehabilitation...... program was performed in 59% of the cases. Combined anterior and posterior fusion was performed in 37 cases, posterior instrumented fusion in 77 cases and posterior uninstrumented fusion in 105 cases, interspinous spacer was used in six cases and disc arthroplasty in 13 cases. CONCLUSION: Adequate...... evaluation of indication and choice of surgical technique in lumbar fusion based on patient files was not possible. We found no qualitative differences between public and private clinics. A national database is needed to monitor indication and choice of operative procedure. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Nov-22...

  16. Bulkister og Bådgrav ved Bulbrogård

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    2012-01-01

    oldsager. I seks af gravene var der bevaret kistespor, i fem tilfælde efter bulkister og i ét tilfælde efter en stammebåd anvendt som kiste. Fire af gravene indeholdt gravgods. Gravens konstruktion, udformning og indhold diskuteres med særlig fokus på bådgraven, og der sammenlignes med andre fladmarksgrave...

  17. Overførsel af viden ved flytning af produktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Riis, Jens Ove; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2010-01-01

    Empiriske studier i tre industrielle virksomheder har afsløret, at selv virksomheder med mange års erfaring i at overføre produktion til andre lande hovedsagelig fokuserer på planlægning af den fysiske overflytning af produktionsudstyr og fokuserer på den eksplicitte viden, der er tilknyttet prod...

  18. Terapeutiske konsekvenser ved lungeskintigrafi med intermediaer sandsynlighed for lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marmolin, Ea Sofie; Møller, Louise; Johansen, Allan

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism has a high mortality and is difficult to diagnose. Lung scintigraphy is widely used. However, a significant number of patients receive an inconclusive result. The aim of this study was to determine how patients with an intermediate result were handled. MATERIAL AN...

  19. Nye prognostiske markører ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Brünner, N A; Thorlacius-Ussing, O

    1998-01-01

    The majority of patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer do not survive five years, although 70%-80% undergo curative surgery. Only a minority of the patients receive additional adjuvant chemo-, radio- and/or immunotherapy, which has proven its efficiency in a minor part of patients...... with Dukes C disease. Therefore, adjuvant therapy has only an insignificant impact on overall survival improvement. The present treatment of patients with colorectal cancer is far from sufficient, and this has led to considerations of how to optimize both surgical and adjuvant medical treatment strategy...... biological markers of development, growth and dissemination of colorectal cancer can be used to predict prognosis either alone or in various combinations, and as selection markers to discriminate between patients who only need surgery and patients who may need adjuvant treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Aug-3...

  20. Miljøundersøgelser ved Kvanefjeldet 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmund, G.

    jordarter' (La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu) Af de mange grundstoffer, der er undersøgt er det kun 'Sjældne jordarter', zirkonium, niobium og thorium, der viser forhøjelser i forhold til baggrundsværdier og samtidigt er stærkt forhøjede i det vand, der siver ud fra minen. Imidlertid fandtes denne...

  1. Erythropoietin--en ny terapi ved cerebral iskaemi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalialis, Louise Vennegaard; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    2003-01-01

    as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug. EPO and its receptor are expressed in neurons, glial cells and brain capillary endothelial cells, and the system is upregulated in conditions of cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia. Animal studies have now established that intracerebroventricular administration...... of recombinant EPO exerts neuroprotection in models of stroke. The mechanisms appear to involve an upregulation of specific anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory pathways. In addition, neurotrophic and angiogenetic effects of EPO may contribute in a long latency protection. Interestingly, also systemic...... administration of recombinant EPO ameliorates neuronal damage after brain ischaemia, and prevents the loss of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow following experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage. Recombinant human EPO is a safe and non-toxic drug, and clinical studies are currently investigating...

  2. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog...

  3. Kloakering i landbruget og ved mindre beboelser i landzone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, H.W.

    Publikationen er beregnet til at bruges sammen med DIF's "Norm for afløbsinstallationer", DS 432, og "Norm for mindre afløbsanlæg med nedsivning", DS 440. Den giver vejledning i planlægning og udførelse af afløbsanlæg med rørledninger i jord for ajle og spildevand ført til opbevaringstank eller v...

  4. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...... the risk of complications, and ERCP is therefore not to be used routinely in GAP patients. The possible benefits of replacing ERCP with either endoscopic ultrasonography or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatograhy have yet to be demonstrated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-31...

  5. Cyklister undtaget signal ved undertavle i T-kryds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten Lind; Lahrmann, Harry Spaabæk

    2016-01-01

    Som led i fremme af cykeltrafik er der generelt et ønske om at fremme cyklisters fremkommelighed. En af mulighederne er at undtage cyklisterne for signalet i overliggeren i signalregulerede T-kryds. Men hvad betyder det for trafiksikkerheden? I samarbejde med Aalborg Kommune gennem projektet ’Aal...

  6. Omkostningseffektivitet ved behandling af type 1-diabetes med insulinpumpe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten; Sohlberg, Anna; Goodall, Gordan

    2010-01-01

    This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark.......This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark....

  7. Støtte til egenomsorg ved kronisk sygdom?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Jørgensen, Bjarne Søgaard; Rytter, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Self-management is part of chronic care to ensure an informed and activated patient. We scrutinised systematic literature reviews about self-care in general practice. There were effects on clinical and patient related measures and health services utilisation. Most effect was seen in interventions...... using health care professionals to provide education about action plans and medical treatment. Patient led education did not show effect on clinical outcome but on patient-related measures. We conclude that general practice should implement self-management as part of chronic care. Udgivelsesdato: 2010...

  8. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    første bølge af miljøhensyn kom med energikrisen i 1970'erne og ebbede ud, da oliepriserne faldt igen. Miljøbølge nummer to udvidede vore horisonter til begrebet bæredygtighed, hvor den treenige overvejelse ”people-profit-planet” forplantede sig i strategiovervejelserne og årsrapporter verden over. Men...

  9. Tastris - så Plinius lyset ved Skagen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Bo Nissen

    2017-01-01

    Vores forfædre begyndte først at skrive meget sent i forhold til de gamle kulturer i Mellemøsten og omkring Middelhavet, og før vikingetiden skal man helt tilbage til de romerske kilder for at finde nedskrevne stednavne fra det område som skulle blive til Danmark. Heriblandt det gådefulde navn Ta...

  10. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides......, certain general and gender-specific care experiences were observed, which were not related to social class. At the same time, the material shows that the girls' social background leaves its mark on the care experiences. The finds are presented in the form of three constructed cases: Middleclass Lone...... nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides data about students' life histories. Additionally, nine selected students were interviewed to provide...

  11. Afståelsesbeskatning ved flytning af DEMPE-funktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard, Louise Fjord; Bundgaard, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    OECD har i den senest opdaterede version af Transfer Pricing Guidelines fastsat en definition af immaterielle aktiver og har samtidig indført konceptet DEMPE-funktioner, der omfatter visse vigtige funktioner relateret til immaterielle aktiver. SKAT synes at være af den opfattelse, at DEMPE...

  12. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in radiation reactions; Hyperbar oksygenbehandling ved straalereaksjoner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aanderud, Leif; Thorsen, Einar; Bratteboe, Guttorm; Forland, Martha; Kristensen, Gunnar

    2000-07-01

    Background: A national hyperbaric centre was established in 1994 at Haukeland Hospital with responsibility of all hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in Norway. In hypoxic tissues with symptomatic radiation reactions, hyperbaric oxygen induces the formation of collagen and angiogenesis resulting in permanently improved local microcirculation. Material and method: 234 patients received elective HBO treatment at Haukeland Hospital in 12997 with total of 4048 treatments. All 47 patients treated for radiation reactions in the pelvic area in 1997 received a questionnaire 3-15 months after HBO therapy, 81% reported. Results: Rectal bleeding and haematuria were reported as much improved in 61% and 55% respectively, while bladder incontinence was much improved in 46%. Interpretation: this treatment modality may be an alternative in symptomatic radiation reactions at the urinary bladder and the bowel when conventional treatment has given unsatisfactory results.

  13. Dosisdispensering er en kilde til medicineringsfejl ved sektorskift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reuther, Lene Orskov; Lysen, Charlotte; Faxholm, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed.......Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed....

  14. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  15. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    Cytoplasmic inflammasomes are formed through activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) of the innate immune system. Endogenous and exogenous danger signals, e.g. DNA- and RNA-fragments, urate- and cholesterol crystals, silica and asbestos, ß-amyloid, UV-light and skin irritants, may induce...

  16. Bivirkninger ved N-acetylcystein-behandling af paracetamolforgiftede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, L E; Dalhoff, K P

    1999-01-01

    number of patients will be treated with NAC than with previous regimens based on plasma concentrations of paracetamol. In this retrospective study we evaluated the incidence of side effects of NAC in 310 patients admitted to the Department of Hepatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, over a four-year...... period (1.1.1994-31.12.1997). Twenty-six (8.4%) patients developed side effects. Side effects were anaphylactoid, mainly from skin (25 rash, pruritus or flushing), in rare cases more serious (four bronchospasm, three angioedema, one hypotension). None were life-threatening and all patients received...

  17. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...... effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  18. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P

    1992-01-01

    render possible investigation of unconscious or anaesthetized patients in scanners with magnetic fields of over 1.5 Tesla. The medical technical difficulties involved are mentioned and the solutions which are employed in the Danish scientific Centre for Magnetic Resonance in Hvidovre Hospital...

  19. Tumorcelledissociering som prognostisk markør ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov, Louise; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    The invasive front of the colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in some cases displays budding, characterized by groups of up to five tumour cells. In 2006, budding was introduced in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group's (DCCG) and the Danish Society of Pathology and Cytology's (DSPAC) CRC register form. Based...

  20. Sikker forløsning ved underkropspraesentation til terminen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Lone

    2011-01-01

    It is well-documented from descriptive studies and a large randomized and controlled trial that planned vaginal delivery of term breech infants is associated with a risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, in a modern setting with careful case selection and labour management......, complication rates are low. When informed of the risks, the majority of women will choose Caesarean delivery. This paper provides the basis for informing women with term breech so that they may make an informed choice. Recommendations on selection criteria, intrapartum management parameters, and delivery...

  1. sikkerhedskultur som centralt middel ved forebyggelsen af arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang

    1999-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer tre faser i den internationale forskning omkring arbejdsulykker. I den første fase handler forebyggelsen om at gøre maskinerne mere sikre, i den anden fase fokuseres på person udvælgelse og teknisk risikovurdering, mens der i den sidste fase inddrages organisatoriske forhold ...

  2. Syfilis påvist ved screening i graviditeten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    Because of an increasing incidence of syphilis in Denmark, antenatal screening was re-introduced in 2010. We present two cases of latent syphilis diagnosed by antenatal screening alone. Neither of the two women recalled any previous symptoms of the disease. After treatment, both women gave birth...

  3. Der er forandringer i hjernens ledningsbaner ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebdrup, Bjørn H; Skovgaard, Nana; Raghava, Jayachandra M

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a brain disorder characterized by fundamental changes in thinking and beliefs. Alterations in white matter integrity may underlie the characteristic psychotic symptoms. This review focuses on diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia patients. Overall, schizophrenia appears...

  4. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    . In the present case, ultrasound scanning at 13 weeks of gestation showed a NT of 3.2 mm and no other pathological findings. At 20 weeks a severe skeletal dysplasia was diagnosed by ultrasound. The pathology report of the aborted foetus indicated OI, and DNA analysis confirmed a COL1A1 mutation....

  5. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) provide good conditions for endotracheal intubation and surgery. NMBs have been associated with higher morbidity and mortality, mainly due to post-operative residual neuromuscular block. This may become history with the advent of sugammadex - an antidote to the NMB...... rocuronium - which within 1-3 minutes neutralizes the effects of rocuronium. High-dose rocuronium is now an alternative to suxamethonium in acute or short procedures and in a situation, where ventilation/intubating cannot be performed, sugammadex can reverse the rocuronium blockade within minutes....

  6. Forløsningsmåde ved underkropspraesentation. Selektion ved røntgenologisk baekkenmåling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Nilas, L; Langhoff-Roos, J

    1997-01-01

    , pelvimetry was performed in 74 women, where pelvic dimensions too small for recommendation of vaginal breech delivery were found in 30 cases. The overall rate of caesarean section was 78%, among diagnosed patients it was 84% and 64% among undiagnosed breech presentations. Rates of morbidity (low Apgar score...

  7. Rethinking Neo-Vedānta: Swami Vivekananda and the Selective Historiography of Advaita Vedānta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Madaio, James

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 101 (2017) E-ISSN 2077-1444 Institutional support: RVO:68378009 Keywords : Swami Vivekananda * Neo-Vedanta * Advaita Vedanta * modern Hinduism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Religious studies http://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/8/6/101

  8. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    rocuronium - which within 1-3 minutes neutralizes the effects of rocuronium. High-dose rocuronium is now an alternative to suxamethonium in acute or short procedures and in a situation, where ventilation/intubating cannot be performed, sugammadex can reverse the rocuronium blockade within minutes....

  9. Diffusion-weighted imaging in the diagnostic evaluation of the hydrocephalus in patients with acute or chronic increase in cerebral pressure; Diffusionsgewichtete Bildgebung in der Diagnostik des Hydrocephalus - Untersuchungen an Patienten mit akuter und ohne akute Hirndrucksymptomatik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorenbeck, U. [Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie, Universitaetskliniken des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Schlaier, J. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurochirurgie, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Feuerbach, S.; Seitz, J. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany)

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: to investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides additional information about the periventricular white matter for the assessment of hydrocephalus. Materials and methods: sixteen MRI examinations (11 with acutely increased cerebral pressure, 5 without symptoms) on 15 patients with hydrocephalus (4 patients with communicating hydrocephalus and 11 patients with obstructive hydrocephalus) were analyzed. One symptomatic patient subsequently became asymptomatic. We investigated the ''apparent diffusion coefficient'' (ADC) in the subcortical and periventricular white matter. The ADCs of the study patients were compared with those of a healthy control group. Results: symptomatic patients with hydrocephalus, 6/11 showed periventricular edema and a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region than in the subcortical white matter. 5/11 symptomatic patients showed significantly higher ADC values even in the absence of periventricular interstitial edema (both groups contained patients with communicating and obstructive hydrocephalus). All 5 asymptomatic patients with hydrocephalus did not have a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region. Conclusion: in patients with hydrocephalus and acutely increased cerebral pressure, DWI showed a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region even without visible interstitial edema on conventional MRI sequences. (orig.)

  10. Hubungan Mulai Nyeri Perut Dengan Tingkat Keparahan Apendisitis Akut Anak Berdasarkan Klasifikasi Cloud Di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau

    OpenAIRE

    Putra, Heru Ardila; Wahid, Tubagus Odih Rhomdani; Fidiawati, Wiwit Ade

    2015-01-01

    Pediatric acute appendicitis is a pediatric surgical cases with the most common presentation was abdominal pain. Abdominal pain in acute appendicitis is the result of inflammation of the appendix. If no immediate appendectomy, it can lead to perforation of the appendix within 24-48 hours after acute inflammation. Pediatric acute appendicitis based on Cloud Classification consists of simple, suppurative, gangrene, rupture and abscess. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation betw...

  11. Akut nyresvigt og hæmolytisk anæmi efter infektiøs mononukleose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brkovic, Natasa; Jørgensen, Kit; Rosenbæk, Jeppe Bakkestrøm

    2015-01-01

    A 19-year-old man was admitted to hospital due to fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and faint. He was pale and icteric, awake with sufficient respiration and circulation. He had infectious mononucleosis complicated with acute oliguric renal failure and severe haemolytic anaemia with a positive Coombs...

  12. Congenital anomalies, hereditary diseases of the pancreas, acute and chronic pancreatitis; Entwicklungsstoerungen, angeborene Erkrankungen des Pankreas, akute und chronische Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brambs, Hans-Juergen; Juchems, Markus [Universitaetsklinikum Ulm (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2011-06-15

    The most important congenital anomalies include pancreas divisum, annular pancreas and ectopic pancreas. Patients with pancreas divisum may be more susceptible to acute or chronic pancreatitis and patients with an annular pancreas may develop duodenal stenosis. In pancreas divisum the key finding is the visualization of the main duct draining into the duodenum via the small papilla, separated from the common bile duct. Annular pancreas may show as a well defined ring of pancreatic tissue that encircles the duodenum. Ectopic pancreas is usually asymptomatic but may give rise to abdominal complaints and may be confused with submucosal tumors. Acute pancreatitis is classified as mild or severe. In mild forms ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice whereas in severe forms with extensive pancreatic and peripancreatic necroses computed tomography is the favored method. It is crucial to identify signs and criteria that come along with an increased risk of infection of the necroses. MRI plays an inferior role in the assessment of acute pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is a longstanding inflammatory and fibrosing process causing pain and loss of function. Cross-section imaging is particularly in demand for the detection of complications and the differentiation from pancreatic cancer. Autoimmune pancreatitis is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and fibrosis, and favourable response to corticosteroid treatment. (orig.)

  13. Leptomeningeosis leucaemica in connection with acute lymphatic leukemia. A case report; Leptomeningeosis leucaemica bei akuter lymphatischer Leukaemie. Ein Fallbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fellner, F.; Dobritz, M.; Cavallaro, A.; Schmitt, R.; Bautz, W. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Institut fuer Diagnostische Radiologie; Roesler, W. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Medizinische Klinik III; Keilholz, L. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie

    1998-03-01

    MRI is significantly better than CT for detection of leptomeningeosis leucaemica, due to better imaging of the anatomy and the diversity of the tomographic images. Based on the MRI information in the case reported, the decision was for radiotherapy of the cranium: Linear accelerator-based irradiation of the neurocranium up to and inclusive of C2, with 6 MeV photons via laterally opposing fields. The single dose was 1.50 Gy, and 16.50 Gy at the reference point at the time of a control examination. The radiotherapy was accompanied at the same time by a further intrathecal cytostasis. The treatment rapidly achieved improvement of the clinical findings, and the follow-up MRI correspondingly revealed almost complete remission of the leptomeningeal foci. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die MRT ist im Nachweis der Leptomeningeosis leucaemica der CT deutlich ueberlegen, bedingt durch die bessere Darstellung der anatomischen Strukturen und der Moeglichkeit der Bildakquisition in verschiedenen Ebenen. Aufgrund des MR-tomographischen Befundes wurde im vorliegenden Fall eine Radiatio des Craniums durchgefuehrt: Bestrahlung des Neurocraniums bis einschliesslich C2 am Linearbeschleuniger mit 6 MeV Photonen ueber seitlich opponierende Gegenfelder. Einzeldosis war 1,50 Gy, zum Zeitpunkt der Kontrolluntersuchung im Referenzpunkt bis 16,50 Gy. Zusaetzlich wurde gleichzeitig eine weitere intrathekale Zytostase durchgefuehrt. Waehrend der Therapie kam es rasch zu einer deutlichen Verbesserung des klinischen Befundes. Die MRT-Kontrolluntersuchung zeigte dementsprechend eine fast vollstaendige Remission der leptomeningealen Herde. (orig.)

  14. Svær cervikal kyfose som årsag til akut opstået respirationsinsufficiens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Karen Lise Dahl; Bach, Allan; Iversen, Rikke Haahr

    2017-01-01

    Severe cervical kyphosis causing sudden inspiratory stridor An 85-year-old woman was brought to an accident and emergency department with breathing difficulties accompanied by inspiratory stridor. She was being treated for hypertension and severe osteoporosis which had caused thoracal and cervical...... fractures of the columna. Intubation was initiated as she desaturated and deteriorated despite maximum oxygen therapy. The intubation revealed a subglottic stenosis as a consequence of a recent osteoporotic fracture in the cervical columna. This represents a rare cause of respiratory failure as all other...

  15. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue association example

    OpenAIRE

    Ebru Caymaz; Fahri Erenel; Burak Gürer

    2013-01-01

    Leadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993). In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in Turkey ...

  16. Veränderungen hämodynamischer Parameter durch akute und längerfristige Bewegungsinterventionen

    OpenAIRE

    Ketelhut, Sascha

    2017-01-01

    Background: Rising body of literature recommends assessing parameters of arterial stiffness (AS) for cardiovascular risk stratification. Therefore, the goal in the present work was to assess influences of physical activity on AS. The first part of the study investigates the correlation between aerobic capacity and hemodynamic parameters at rest and during a stress test. The second part deals with the question whether a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) exerts beneficial effect...

  17. Behandling af akut myeloid leukæmi uden transfusion af blodprodukter hos et medlem af Jehovas Vidner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian; Jensen, Morten Krogh

    2011-01-01

    We present a case in which a young woman was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia, FAB-classification type M2. As a member of Jehovah's Witnesses she refused to accept any treatment involving blood transfusions. A modified induction and consolidation chemotherapy regimen was applied, tailored...... to reduce prolonged myelosuppression. Despite severe anaemia, she survived to achieve complete remission. She is currently under treatment-free observation after two courses of consolidation treatment....

  18. Angka Kejadian Mukositis Oral pada Anak Menderita Leukemia Limfoblastik Akut yang Menjalani Kemoterapi di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Azmi, Rommanah binti

    2015-01-01

    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) accounts for 70-80% of childhood leukemias. One of the main treatments for ALL is chemotherapy. One of the most common side effects of chemotherapy is oral mucositis. Oral mucositis is an inflammation of the oral mucosa which leads to erythematous and ulcerative lesions. This study describes the incidence of oral mucositis in children with ALL undergoing chemotherapy in Haji Adam Malik Hospital during 2008-2012. This is a descriptive study with cross- sec...

  19. Akut, svær leverinsufficiens forårsaget af binyretumor hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maestri Ditlevsen, Jane; Kvist, Nina; Johansen, Lars Søndergaard

    2013-01-01

    A newborn female was hospitalized due to metabolic acidosis and conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) was suspected why a (99m)Tc-mebrofenin cholescintigraphy was performed. It showed poor hepatocyte tracer uptake and no drainage to the gut. The hepatocyte dysfunction...

  20. Computed tomography (CT) of acute diverticulitis of the cecum and ascending colon; Computertomographie bei akuter rechtsseitiger Kolondivertikulitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferstl, F.J.; Obert, R. [St. Theresienkrankenhaus Nuernberg (DE). Radiologisch-Nuklearmedizinisches Zentrum (RNZ)

    2004-09-01

    Acute diverticulitis of the cecum and ascending colon, also called right-sided diverticulitis, represents a relatively rare disorder in the western hemisphere. Pseudodiverticula and, less frequently, solitary congenital diverticula are regarded as the underlying causes of acute diverticulitis. We report the helical CT findings in four patients with acute right-sided colonic diverticulitis. The CT was performed with a collimation of 8 mm, a pitch of 1.5 and an increment of 8 mm, and with variable administration of intravenous, oral and rectal contrast material. In two of the four patients, the acute diverticulitis was detected in the cecum and ascending colon, respectively. In two patients, the diagnosis could be confirmed during surgery and subsequent histologic examination of the resected specimen. On the initial CT studies, acute diverticulitis was correctly diagnosed in two patients and suspected in one patient without identifying and inflamed diverticulum. In one patient, the offending diverticulum in the ascending colon caused an inflammatory pseudotumor at the level of the ileocecal region. This process was initially mistaken as Crohn's disease. The CT diagnosis of a right-sided colonic diverticulitis is based on an inflamed diverticulum in the center of pericolic inflammatory changes and a preserved wall enhancement (target sign). Other CT findings, such as fatty pericolic infiltration and colon wall thickening, are rather non-specific and can also be found in a number of different ileocolic disorders, especially in colon cancer. In selected cases, the diagnosis can only be established by follow up CT after the pericolic infiltration has markedly subsided and an offending diverticulum has emerged. (orig.)

  1. Akut, svær leverinsufficiens forårsaget af binyretumor hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maestri Ditlevsen, Jane; Kvist, Nina; Johansen, Lars Søndergaard

    2013-01-01

    was caused by an obstructing adrenal gland neuroblastoma later visualised by ultrasound and MRI. The cholescintigraphy is a non-invasive modality to exclude or confirm the suspicion of EHBA. Furthermore neonatal conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia demands the use of a multimodality imaging strategy...

  2. No immediate danger. The radioactive contamination of the earth. Keine akute Gefahr. Die radioaktive Verseuchung der Erde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertell, R

    1987-01-01

    The book is intended as a global analysis of the nuclear era. The author is convinced that the damage due to low radiation doses is cumulative, and that the harm so done will become plain only very late, either in a single person, or in his children, or in posterity. Already now the radioactive wastes produced by industry and the armament industry are irreparably damaging our environment and our genes, and the fear of the author is that it will not take long until the pollution of our planet with highly poisonous radionuclides has reached the point of no return for life. (HSCH).

  3. Måling af lungefunktion hos patienter indlagt med akut forvaerring af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom eller astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, Peter; Rasmussen, Lisbeth Kappelgaard; Said, Nihaya Mahmoud

    2005-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD or asthma leads to many acute hospital admissions every year. Even though the pathogenesis of these diseases differs, in both cases the cardinal manifestation is increased airway obstruction, which can be measured using peak expiratory flow measurement (PEF......) or measurement of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)....

  4. Milttorsion kan være årsag til akut abdomen hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helvind, Neel Maria; Gögenur, Ismail; Stadeager, Morten

    2013-01-01

    A six-year-old boy was admitted with symptoms consistent with acute appendicitis. Immediately before placement of the first trocar, a large abdominal mass was observed which on imaging was identified as a torsioned spleen. Due to suboptimal reperfusion and risk of reperfusion-mediated morbidity...

  5. Akut abdomen som følge af torkveret adnexa uteri hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Folmer, Lars; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    A ten-year-old girl presented with four days of lower abdominal pain. A diagnostic laparoscopy on the suspicion of acute appendicitis revealed left-sided adnexal torsion. The cyanotic ovary was detorsed and recovered. At three-month follow-up there were no clinical or ultrasonic signs of pathology...

  6. TOKSISITAS AKUT (LD50 DAN UJI GELAGAT EKSTRAK DAUN TEH HIJAU (CAMELLIA SINENSIS (LINN. KUNZE PADA MENCIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Sundari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Among many kind of drinks, tea is the most preferable drink for Indonesian people. Compare to other drinks, tea has a lot of benefit to our healthy. Tea are able to prevent some diseases and help for recover process from simple diseasessuch as influenza, to chronic hard disease; that could cause death such as cancer. Variety of tea can be selected referring to the flavor. Acute toxicity test (Lethal Dose has been conducted of the extract of green tea leave (Camellia sinensis (Linn., Kunze. to the safety and symptom test as well. The test used mice as an animal experiments. The acute toxicity test use Weil, C.S (1915 method for the acute toxicity test and Paget. GE and Barnes, JM (1964 method for symptom test, high dosage under LD50 value are given to the mice, while green tea leave extract is made by percolation according to the method in Indonesian Pharmacope III. One kilogram of green tea powder produced an extract of 375 g or 37.5% of rendemen (sample. The result showed, the LD50 value of green lea leave extract was 3.303 (2.10 - 5.14 mg/10 g body weight i.p. By extrapolating the value as per oral in mice based on Gleason test (1969, the extract was classified as a Practically Non Toxic (PNT. The symptom test proved that green tea leave extract in a dosage of 2,7 mg/10 g body weight influenced the nerve system.   Key words : Camelia Sibebsis (Linn, Kunze, Green Tea, Safety, Toxicology

  7. Korelasi Peningkatan Kadar Neuron Spesific Enolase dengan Derajat Keparahan dan Luaran Fungsional Pasien Stroke Infark Aterotrombotik Akut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neti Sri Wardiyani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Neuronal damage and decreasing aerobic glicolysis process in ischaemic stroke are caused by lowering level of blood glucose. The amount of neuronal intrasitoplasmic glicolytic enolase enzyme, also known as neuron specific enolase, increases in blood circulation because it is not used anymore in damage neuron. So the mechanism failure in blood-brain barrier, as result of neuronal and cell membrane damage, causes NSE diffusion to extracellular and cerebrospinal fluid, then NSE level increases in blood serum and cerebrospinal fluid in acute cerebral infarction. Elevating NSE level is also connected with infarct volume and the extent of brain damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate connection between upgrading NSE serum level in acute atherothrombotic-stroke infarction patients, level of stroke incompatibility, and functional outcome. The method of study was observational analytic with kohort study. Subjects of study were divided into case group consisted of acute atherothrombotic-stroke infarction patients and control group consisted the healthy person. The data was collected in Hasan Sadikin Hospital between February to August 2008. Evaluating patients was performed to get descriptions on NSE serum level, level stroke incompability measuring by NIHSS scoring at the first time entering the hospital, and Barthel index scoring at seventh day of treatment. This study was analyzed by bivariat analysis using Mann Whitney statistic test and Pearson correlation test. There were 43 patients in each group. There was a significantly difference in NSE serum level on case group (mean was 11.41 [5.07] ng/mL in comparison to those on control group (mean was 8.93 [3.03] ng/mL, p=0.019 . There was a significantly correlation between raising NSE serum level on case group and level of stroke incompatibility measuring by NIHSS scoring and also with functional outcome according to Barthel index scoring. The highest accuration value of NSE serum level was 12 ng/mL with 42% sensitivity and 84% specificity. The conclusion was neuron specific enolase serum level has correlation with severity and functional outcome in acute atherothrombotic infarction stroke patients. [MKB. 2010;42(2:62-8].

  8. Maelkesyrebakterier og andre probiotika ved infektiøse og inflammatoriske sygdomme hos børn. Hvad tror vi?--hvad ved vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Vibeke Rosenfeldt; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Paerregaard, Anders

    2002-01-01

    to promote recovery from acute viral gastroenteritis in young children is well-documented. However, the role of probiotics in systemic diseases, e.g. atopic dermatitis, need to be confirmed in larger randomised controlled trials. This paper describes the theoretical background for the use of probiotics...

  9. Analyse av overvannsnettet i Ås sentrum ved bruk av simuleringsprogrammet SWMM

    OpenAIRE

    Dvergsnes, Eirunn

    2016-01-01

    Jorden står ovenfor klimaendringer med økende temperaturer og en hyppigere forekomst av intense nedbørshendelser. For overvannssystemer i urbane strøk er den økte nedbørintensiteten en stor utfordring. Urbanisering har medført en stor andel tette flater, og lukking av naturlige bekkesystemer. Dette krever en raskere bortledning av regnvannet gjennom rør i bakken. Store deler av det norske overvannssystemet er ikke dimensjonert etter dagens norske standard. Denne ble revidert se...

  10. Modellering av urbane pluviale flommer ved bruk av værradar

    OpenAIRE

    Kjølseth, Tora Marie Hveem; Vatne, Ingrid

    2017-01-01

    Ekstreme nedbørhendelser med påfølgende pluviale flommer forårsaker store skader på infrastruktur og bebyggelse. Skadene fører til betydelige samfunnskostnader, og problemet er økende. Avrenningsmodeller kan benyttes for å simulere flomforløpet til en nedbørhendelse, og er et mye brukt verktøy i planlegging, prosjektering, dimensjonering og drift av overvann-systemer. Som inngangsdata i avrenningsmodeller er det vanlig å bruke konstruert nedbør, der det tas utgangspunkt i målinger og statisti...

  11. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...

  12. Administrative stordriftsfordele ved kommunalre-formen i Danmark – sandede eller tilsandede?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Houlberg

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The Danish Local Government Reform in 2007 reduced the number of municipalities from 271 to 98 and the number of Regions from 14 to 5 along with major changes in tasks, finances and the equalisation scheme. One of the objectives of the reform was to realize administrative economies of scale. Measured by administrative costs, this article concludes that the amalgamated municipalities so far have not realized the expected administrative economies of scale. It is, however, also shown that the potential economies of scale prior to the Reform was inflated in a Reform legitimating process. Before as well as after the Reform, administrative economies of scale exist if analysing on administrative costs. Technically administrative costs by decentralised agencies, however, cannot be calculated and are therefore not included in the analysis. Basing the analysis instead on administrative personnel, including administrative staff employed at schools, kindergartens etc., the conclusion is that larger municipalities do not spend less resources on administration than smaller municipalities.

  13. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...

  14. Manglende evidens for skadelig effekt på knogleheling ved behandling med NSAID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janum, Susanne; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne

    2012-01-01

    The use of NSAIDs for postoperative pain management following orthopaedic surgery or during conservative treatment of fractures is controversial. Experimental animal models suggest NSAIDs inhibit bone healing. In a review of the literature, there was no clinical evidence to support categorical...... discard of NSAID for postoperative pain relief in uncomplicated cases. However, NSAID should be considered a potentiel risk factor of impaired bone healing and avoided in patients with a high risk of pseudoarthrosis. Recommended daily doses should be respected and duration of treatment should be limited....

  15. Wave power plant at Horns Rev. Screening[Denmark]; Boelgekraftanlaeg ved Horns Rev. Screening

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soerensen, Hans C.; Nielsen, Kim; Steenstrup, P.R.; Friis-Madsen, E.; Wigant, L.

    2005-12-15

    The objective for the analysis has been to establish data for the sea at Horns Rev wind farm in the North Sea in order to assess the opportunity for using the site as test site for demonstration of wave energy devices exemplified by three different devices under development in Denmark. For comparison alternative sites like Hanstholm, Samsoe and Nissum Bredning are also assessed as well as the test centre EMEC at the Orkney Islands and the proposed test site Wave Hub at the north coast of Cornwall. The analysis shows that it is possible without major technical problems to connect 2-4 MW power generated by 3 different wave energy devices (AquaBuOY, Wave Star Energy and Wave Dragon) to the wind farm at Horns Rev (www.hornsrev.dk). The expenses for connection and regulation within the wind farm is about 200,000 DKK (30,00 EURO). On top of this comes the cost for individual sub sea cable connection to the wave devices, pull in of the sub sea cable through the existing J-tube in turbine T04 and the necessary regulation/control system in the individual wave devices to avoid damaging the power system in case of too high production. The analysis of the co-production of wind and wave power is dealt with in a separate report which shows that over a time period of half to one hour the time variation for wind generated electricity is 3 times as large as for wave energy generated power based on the actual measurement at Horns Rev. Further on the analysis shows that the wave generated power is more predictable than wind energy generated power as the power from the waves first is present about 2 hours after the wind is acting and last for 3 to 6 hours after the wind dies out; 6 to 12 hours with wind from west. The time is off course strongly depending of the direction of the wind i.e. the fetch. As this special report has a more general scope than the analysis as such it is reported in English (Annex Report II). The analysis shows that it is up to the individual device developer to judge about the advantages using the 'low cost solution for grid connection' at Horns Rev wind farm as there are disadvantages too, like not having the optimal wave climate for the individual devices. The wave climate at the Horns Rev wind farm is described in English (Annex Report I). Other alternatives outside Denmark are the EMEC centre in Scotland and the proposed Wave Hub testing facility in Cornwall both with established grid connection. The analysis is covering the risk assessment related to deployment rather close to the wind farm. The risk assessment shows that some type of incidents will have severe economic consequences for the turbine owner - in worst case a loss of 1 mil. DKK/day (135,000 EURO/day). No formal agreement about the actual use of the wind farm site as a test site for wave energy has been discussed with the authorities or the wind farm owner. (au)

  16. Seksuelle bivirkninger ved radikal prostatektomi er mere end dårlig rejsningsfunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frey, Anders Ullmann Kiis; Sønksen, Jens Otto; Østergren, Peter Busch

    2015-01-01

    Urinary incontinence (UI) during sexual activity, orgasmic dysfunction, and altered penile morphology are common sexual side effects after radical prostatectomy (RP). However, in spite of research showing that the vast majority of patients experience one or more of these problems, they are unknown...

  17. Sælfinger erhvervet i Danmark og diagnosticeret ved PCR-teknik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Louise Charlotte; Justesen, Ulrik Stenz; Roos, Signe Moeslund

    2012-01-01

    Seal finger is an unusual infection in Denmark but is seen quite often in Greenland. A 69 year-old Danish man developed severe infection after cutting his finger on a sea urchin while handling a fishing net. Treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics had no effect. Standard culture from the lesion...... was negative. A Mycoplasma species was detected by PCR and DNA sequencing and subsequently cultured on special media. Specifically asked about exposure to sea mammals the patient could inform that a dead seal had also been trapped in the fishing net....

  18. Prognostisk vaerdi af PET og MRS ved evaluering af cerebral status hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borgwardt, Lise; Danielsen, Else Rubaek; Børch, Klaus

    2002-01-01

    We report a case of a 12-week-old previously normal infant with severe brain damage after an episode of asphyxia during an RS-virus infection. Sub-acute MRI was normal, but new functional techniques, PET (positron emission tomography) and MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) were severely abnormal...

  19. MRSA og ESBL er fortsat stigende i samfundet og ved hospitalsassocierede udbrud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Robert; Hansen, Dennis Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    This review describes the recent epidemiology for MRSA and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Denmark. MRSA community-associated cases continue to increase whereas hospital associated cases are low and stable. Due to an active search and destroy policy secondary transmission is modest. MRSA from...... pigs is an increasing problem. For ESBL producing Escherichia coli a considerable multi clonal increase has been seen both in the community and in hospitals. There are indications on food being a significant reservoir. For ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae an increasing number of hospital outbreaks...

  20. Sammenhaenge mellem patientens genotype og sygdommens forløb ved arvelige kraeftsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Marie Luise

    2006-01-01

    largest hereditary cancer groups, namely hereditary colorectal cancer and hereditary breast (and ovarian) cancer. It is concluded that knowledge about genotype-phenotype correlations is essential in the cancer genetic clinic; otherwise, the patient tends to base decisions on personal experience......The majority of hereditary cancers demonstrate extended variation of phenotype, not only between families, but also within a particular family, who supposedly have inherited the same pathogenic mutation. The present paper reviews genotype-phenotype correlations with examples mainly from the two...

  1. Tidlige brukere av alkohol – hvem er de? Kjennetegn ved ungdom som starter tidlig med alkohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Grimsmo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDebutalder med alkoholrus er en sterk prediktor for senere alkoholbruk. I denne undersøkelsen har visammenliknet de som starter med alkohol tidlig og før det er kulturelt akseptert, med ungdommenesom begynner i konfirmasjonsalder og de som utsetter alkoholdebuten. Vi finner at gruppen sombegynner tidlig ikke bare bryter de lokale tradisjonene for alkoholkonsum, men er i opposisjon tilnormer og autoriteter generelt. Alkohol er et positivt symbol for gruppen og det å ruse seg et ritualesom gir mening i deres miljø. Hjemmet står i den sterkeste posisjonen til å kunne utsette ungdommensalkoholdebut. Vi skisserer hvilke implikasjoner dette bør ha for strategien i det forebyggende arbeidet.

  2. strong>Alle bakterier deler gener ved horisontal overførselstrong>

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Niels-Ulrik

    2007-01-01

    Bakterier har ikke blot en langt større mangfoldighed i deres stofskifte end dyr og planter. Ny forskning viser, at de også i stor stil udveksler gener, der koder for dele af deres stofskifte med andre bakterier. Det giver bakterier mulighed for at tilpasse sig nye levevilkår, men betyder også...

  3. "Hun vides ikke at have andet erhverv end erhverv ved utugt"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Christina Louise

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to show how the Morality Police in Copenhagen regulated prostitution and sexual promiscuity from 1906-1940. The final decades of the nineteenth century saw intense discussion on how to cope with the danger of the widespread venereal diseases. Prostitutes were seen...... as disease carriers and at the same time, prostitution was considered immoral and scandalous. The solution to both the problem of the dissemination of sexually transmitted diseases and the grounds of public morality and decency were resolved through regulation of the sale of sex. This implied regular medical...... examinations and strict rules laid down for the behavior of the prostitutes. However in 1906 a new legislation concerning public indecency and venereal diseases, Lov af 30te Marts 1906 om Modarbejdelse af offentlig Usædelighed og venerisk Smitte, was passed by the Danish Parliament. The Law of 1906 was adopted...

  4. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia...

  5. Strategier til at undgå afhængighed ved smertebehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højsted, Jette; Rindom, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    Addiction is a feared complication of long-term opioid treatment in patients with chronic pains. Strategies to decrease the risk of addiction include estimating of risk factors, establishing treatment goals realistic for pain and function, considering how to discontinue therapy if treatment goals...... are not achieved, avoiding administration forms with rapid absorption, using validated screening instruments and avoiding high opioid doses. If signs of addiction do occur, precautions to hinder overuse of opioid should be taken....

  6. Irreversibel nyreinsufficiens under behandling med angiotensin I konverterende enzymhaemmer ved bilateral nyrearteriestenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamper, A L

    1989-01-01

    A case of irreversible renal failure during treatment with enalapril in bilateral renal artery stenosis is described. In the use of converting enzyme inhibitors, caution and monitoring of renal function during treatment is advised....

  7. God effekt af mindfulness ved symptomer på stress, angst og depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone; Rasmussen, Benita Holt; Preuss, Tua

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a manualised group intervention using mindfulness training as a means of reducing the suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric illness. A review of the literature includes 31 randomised studies. Results indicate that MBSR may...

  8. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    Microsurgery is defined as surgery performed with the aid of ocular magnification. In Denmark, this is undertaken by four units. This review describes the history of microsurgery which evolved during the 1960s. Microsurgery in hand surgery is primarily replantation and revascularisation but also ...

  9. Preheating of manure utilizing heat exchanger and flue gas. Forvarmning af gylle ved varmeveksling med roeggas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, J.

    1987-07-15

    It has been shown that preheating of manures in biomass conversion plants to a temperature of 50-60 deg. C, before the anaerobic digestion takes place at a temperature of 35-45 deg. C, results in an increase of methane production. But the method normally involves an increase in energy consumption. The aim of the project was to develope methods of utilizing heat from flue gas emitted from the boiler connected to the plant, with the help of a heat exchanger. The heat thus recovered would be used to preheat the manure. The chosen method was to inject the flue gas directly into the manure mass, following this up with heat exchanging and condensing. In order to mix the flue gas thoroughly into the manure an ejector was used, this was driven by the manure flow. Results were satisfactory. (AB).

  10. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...... hypertensive patients....

  11. Patofysiologi ved accidentel hypotermi. Hypotermi er ikke bare en kold krop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Mantoni, Teit; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Knowledge of the pathophysiology in accidental hypothermia is essential for clinical decision-making. The prognosis should be favourable provided the condition is recognized and treated accordingly. Progressive organ dysfunction is associated with a declining core temperature which is reversible...... on rewarming. Other reactions occur during rewarming of which rewarming collapse has received much attention. More detailed knowledge of rewarming collapse which has come out is examined in this paper....

  12. Vi er ved at indføre en ny slags systemkontrol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm

    2016-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem det formale og det sociale. Sindelagskontrol i 1970ernes Vesttyskland og dagens Danmark. Diskussionen mellem Alf Ross og Hal Koch. En tysk matematikers syn.......Om forholdet mellem det formale og det sociale. Sindelagskontrol i 1970ernes Vesttyskland og dagens Danmark. Diskussionen mellem Alf Ross og Hal Koch. En tysk matematikers syn....

  13. Web - hva - hvor? : Utforming av nettsteder fortolket ved norske utdanningsinstitusjoner: et profesjonsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Tor Arne

    2001-01-01

    The World Wide Web technology was developed in the early nineties. Since then it has had a great impact on society, and its use has expanded beyond the research communities where it was first adopted. The theme for this thesis is the skills and professional knowledge necessary to create web sites. Three established professions have different approaches to the task: computer professionals, graphic designers and information professions. Some new job titles have also emerged for occupational...

  14. Transfusionspraksis ved total hoftealloplastik på danske ortopædkirurgiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma B; Mehnert, Frank; Overgaard, Søren

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We examined the use of blood transfusion in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) at 21 orthopaedic departments in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with primary THA (n = 21,773) between 1999 and 2006 were identified from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry. Data...

  15. Alkohol og andre stoffer hos bilister. Stor uheldsrisiko ved promillekørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie

    2011-01-01

    Det omfattende EU-forskningsprogram DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs and Medicines) er netop afsluttet. Institut for Transport på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet og Retskemisk afdeling, Retsmedicinsk Institut på Københavns Universitet var de danske partnere i projektet, hvor der i...

  16. Identifikation af forkullet lig ved hjælp af ganeaftryk og koralnyresten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Bindslev, Dorthe Arenholt; Kristensen, Ingrid Bayer

    1997-01-01

    En retstodontologisk undersøgelse af en dødfunden, uidentificeret person, bygger almindeligvis på en undersøgelse af tandsættet. Hvis personen er tandløs må andre identifikationsmetoder tages i anvendelse. Fingeraftryk er et almindelig kendt eksempel på en alternativ metode, som bygger på, at cri...

  17. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates...... 0.03%. No relationship was seen between morphological parameters at the first US and the outcome of hips classified as minor dysplastic or not fully developed (NFD). A statistically significant relationship was seen between the degree of dysplasia and the time until US normalization of the hips (p......= 0.02). There was no relapse of dysplasia after treatment. The median duration of treatment was six, eight and nine weeks for mild, moderate and severe dysplasia respectively. CONCLUSION: The procedure resulted in a low rate of treatment and a small number of late diagnosed cases. Prediction...

  18. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, Charlotte; Konradsen, Lars Aage Glud; Ellitsgaard, Niels

    2008-01-01

    With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates the procedure....

  19. A system for use in offshore petroleum production; System for anvendelse ved offshore petroleumsproduksjon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breivik, K.; Mjoeen, S.A.; Smedal, A.; Syvertsen, K.

    1994-10-31

    The invention relates to a system for use in offshore oil and gas production from production wells on the sea bed. The system comprises a submerged buoy having an outer buoyancy member which is arranged for introduction and releasable fastening in a submerged, downwardly open receiving space in a vessel, and a central member which is rotatably mounted in the outer member and is anchored to the sea bed and is connected to at least one transfer line extending from a respective production well up to the buoy, a shaft extending between the receiving space and the deck of the vessel. The system comprises a swivel unit which is installed at the lower end of the shaft so that it is limitedly raisable and lowerable, and which is connected to a tube system on the vessel, the swivel unit comprising inner and outer mutually rotatable swivel members and at its underside is provided with a number of coupling heads for interconnection with corresponding connectors arranged at the upper ends of the topical number of transfer lines, these lines at their upper end being suspended at the upper end of the central member of the buoy. 6 figs.

  20. A system for use in offshore petroleum production; System for anvendelse ved offshore petroleumsproduksjon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breivik, K.G.; Mjoeen, S.A.; Smedal, A.; Syvertsen, K.

    1997-07-08

    The invention concerns a system for use in offshore oil and gas production from production wells on the sea bed. The system comprises a submerged buoy having an outer buoyancy member which is arranged for introduction and releasable fastening in a submerged, downwardly open receiving space in a vessel, and a central member which is rotatory mounted in the outer member and is anchored to the sea bed and is connected to at least one transfer line extending from a respective production well up to the buoy, and a shaft extending between the receiving space and the deck of the vessel. The system includes a swivel unit which is installed at the lower end of the shaft so that it is limitedly raising and lowering, and which is connected to a tube system on the vessel. The swivel unit comprises inner and outer mutually rotatable swivel members and at its underside is provided with a number of coupling heads for interconnection with corresponding connectors arranged at the upper ends of the topical number of transfer lines. These lines are suspended at the upper end of the central member of the buoy. 6 figs.

  1. Manipulation af hvirvelsøjlen ved kronisk rygsmerte--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Tom

    2011-01-01

    A new Cochrane review based on 26 studies - 18 new since the last Cochrane review from 2003 - on spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain has been published by Rubinstein et al. Generally, manipulation for these patients was not clinically relevant better than other treatments like e.g. phys.......g. physical training. In general, the widespread use of manipulation should be reduced. The issues of specific subgroups with possible relevance/irrelevance of such treatment to obtain short-lasting pain relief in selected cases are discussed....

  2. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.

    2008-01-01

    the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The procedure defines procedures for referral, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of DDH. From 1998 to 2003 children with risk factors or with positive Ortolanis or Barlows test were referred to US. RESULTS: The treatment rate was 0.47%, and the rate of late diagnosed cases...

  3. Kredsløbet ændres ved overvægt i barndommen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Morten Toft; Holm, Jens-Christian; Jespersen, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    . These changes are present in vasculature, heart and autonomic nervous system and affect blood pressure control. Overweight and obesity must be prevented, detected and treated at an early age, as even a small weight loss reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease significantly.......Over the last 35 years there has been an almost 50% increase in childhood obesity worldwide. Childhood obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood, and in children with overweight or obesity pathologic changes have been found down to the age of two years...

  4. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvous til intern drænage ved galdevejsobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Marie Høxbro; Vilmann, Peter; Hassan, Hazem

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous for biliary drainage Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) is currently standard treatment for biliary drainage. Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) is a novel method to overcome an unsuccessful biliary drainage procedure. Under endoscopic...

  5. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvous til intern drænage ved galdevejsobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Marie Høxbro; Vilmann, Peter; Hassan, Hazem

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) is currently standard treatment for biliary drainage. Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) is a novel method to overcome an unsuccessful biliary drainage procedure. Under endoscopic ultrasound guidance a guidewire is passed via a needle from...

  6. Profitability estimations in considering applications for concession in the energy sector; Loennsomhetsvurderinger ved konsesjonsbehandling i energisektoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, M [Oslo Univ. (Norway). Sosialoekonomisk Inst.; Soevik, Y

    1995-09-01

    In Norway, most power development projects are subject to the 1917 law on the regulation of watercourses and its revision of 1992. This report discusses certain aspects of concession granting conditions laid down in this law. Part I describes some variants of the profitability concept and discusses the project owner`s incentives: He may feel encouraged to influence assessments of the damage and inconvenience his project might inflict on private and public interests because for him large compensations are connected with low project value. If there is doubt about a project`s worthiness of concession and its value for the owner is positive, then the owner may overstate the value and the positive external effects of the project and understate the negative ones. And vice versa for a project of negative value. Part II discusses some of the principle characteristics of today`s concession practice: quantification of costs in a power development project, estimation of production value, quantification of discount rate. Part III deals with possible linkage between concession granting authorities and various participants in a development project from the point of view of political science. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Costs of climate measures in Norway; Kostnader ved klimatiltak i Norge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-22

    This report calculates the potential for emission reductions and the costs of measures for reducing the national emissions of greenhouse gases in Norway. The measures are analysed with respect to their influence on the global emissions. It is found that with little or no expenses Norway can contribute much more to the global emission reductions by increased export of electricity and gas than by increased national costs. In the oil and gas sector the potential for emission reduction is large, but the measures are expensive. In the transport sector the potential is relatively small and the measures expensive. In the industrial sector the potential is considerable and the measures moderately expensive, but the measures will probably make the production unprofitable if the companies must bear the costs themselves. Increased fixation of CO{sub 2} through measures in the forestry sector have a large potential and at low costs. Like previous macro economic analyses, the present analysis strongly indicates that the costs of stabilizing the emissions will be much higher in Norway than in other countries. 59 refs., 17 refs., 8 tabs.

  8. Positiv effekt af intermitterende over- og undertryk (Vacusac) ved claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, J; Himmelstrup, H; Himmelstrup, B

    1994-01-01

    Twenty-two patients with intermittent claudication were included in a double-blinded, randomized trial comparing the effects of 25 treatments with intermittent suction and pressure (Vacusac treatment) to 25 placebo applications given over a period of two months. Twelve patients participated in an...... treatment caused significant increments in ADP-induced platelet aggregation, while the effects on fibrinolysis were uncertain. It is concluded that intermittent suction and pressure treatment offers a new approach for conservative treatment of intermittent claudication....... in an open trial investigating the effects of the same treatment on adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation and fibrinolysis. Active treatment resulted in significant improvements in pain-free and maximal walking distances, whereas no changes could be found during placebo application. Active...

  9. Børn, unge og sociale netværkssider. Hvad ved vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    været. Herefter skal vi se på, hvordan børn og unge selv begrunder deres brug af sociale netværkssider, og hvilke motiver der ligger bag deres mange timer foran skærmen. Dernæst sætter kapitlet fokus på børn og unges venskaber på sociale netværkssider, hvad der karakteriserer et venskab i dag, og...

  10. Cerebral computerized tomography findings in AIDS patients; Cerebrale CT-funn ved AIDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hol, P.K.; Dunlop, O. [Ullevaal Sykehus, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-09-01

    A cerebral CT was performed in 82 of 525 AIDS patients, with positive findings in 46 cases. These findings included cerebral atrophy in 28 cases, pathological demyelinisation in two, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in one, toxoplasmoses in 11, lymphomas in seven, infarction in one and one subdural haematoma. The radiological findings are correlated to pathology and clinical symptoms. The authors point out the importance of these findings for correct interpretation of the CT scans. 11 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Neuromuskulær elektrostimulation forbedrer funktionsniveauet ved meget svær kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Gibouri, Salam; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Muscle atrophy and exertional dyspnoea are common in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a new type of training for these patients. A number of randomized trials show that NMES has a positive physiological and clinical...

  12. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    doctors and patients in primary care led to a considerable decrease in antibiotic prescribing. Teaching of hospital doctors, combined with a restriction in the choice of antibiotics, resulted in a decrease in multidrug-resistant strains. A concerted effort is needed to curb the growing resistance problem.......A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  13. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival and deve......Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...... hypertensive patients....

  14. Kort, konsentrert, eller intensiv kognitiv atferdsterapi ved PTSD hos barn og ungdom: En litteraturgjennomgang

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Ingvild

    2018-01-01

    Background: Having Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be immensely devastating for children; affecting life quality, increasing the risk of comorbid mental disorders and often lasting into adulthood. Effective treatment is crucial for regaining normal functioning. This literature review aims to investigate the effect of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) delivered in a brief, concentrated, or intensive format. Methods: A literature search was conducted with the search word...

  15. Spredning af Staphylococcus aureus ved nasal bærertilstand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iskandar, Aline; Nguyen, Ngan; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2009-01-01

    of cap, gown, gloves, and mask could reduce this dispersal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 13 nasal Sa carriers were identified among 63 persons screened for Sa nasal carriage. The volunteers were studied for airborne dispersal of Sa in four different situations: quiet breathing, movements of the arms......, whispering and loud talking. These activities were performed with and without gown, gloves, mask and cap upon street clothes. RESULTS: The study showed that the highest number of Sa and bacteria in total was dispersed into the air when the volunteers were moving and wearing only their street clothes...

  16. Digital forskningsformidling - Kommunikative potentialer ved at anvende Web 2.0 til videnskonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jørgen; Dalsgaard, Christian

    2008-01-01

    kommunikations- og formidlingsmuligheder, der eksisterer i nye digitale medier (Finnemann 2005), ofte kaldet Web 2.0. Det centrale spørgsmål er: Hvordan kan man formidle forskning gennem digitale medier? Artiklen er et indledende studie i et større projekt om potentialerne i digital forskningsformidling i...

  17. Overdødelighed af hjerte-kar-sygdomme ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindhardsen, Jesper; Gislason, Gunnar Hilmar; Ahlehoff, Ole

    2011-01-01

    The cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are increased in rheumatoid arthritis and probably equal those of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The European League Against Rheumatism has recently provided evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular risk management in patients with rheumatoi...

  18. Vandstande og saltholdighed i Limfjorden ved lukket Thyborøn Kanal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen Harck; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    På Aalborg Universitet er der netop afsluttet nogle omfattende edb-beregninger med vandstandsforhold og saltholdighed i Limfjorden. Disse beregninger dokumenterer, at en lukning af Thyborøn Kanal med en dæmning indeholdende en gennemstrømningssluse, vil være i stand til at reducere de nuværende o...

  19. Paroksystisk atrieflimren påvist ved hjælp af en smartphone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Jacob; Sandgaard, Niels Christian; Brandes, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder.......Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder....

  20. Dannelse af toksiske forbindelser ved termisk forbrænding af lugtende luftstrømme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jens Peter; Bossi, Rossana; Pritzl, Gunnar

    2003-01-01

    The present report describes the results from an investigation undertaken by DMU and Aalborg University about toxicity produced during the incineration of the smoke from the factory Trible Nine Fish Protein (Esbjerg, Denmark). Previous investigations had found that the washing water was highly to...

  1. Universelle kramper og respirationsstop som komplikation i forbindelse med lokalanalgesi ved circumcision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiberg, Ida Louise; Nebrich, Lars; Pedersen, Pernille

    2015-01-01

    We present two cases in which two boys of four weeks and four and a half months, respectively, experienced seizures and respiratory insufficiency as complications to the local anaesthesia administered for ritual circumcision. They both needed intubation and anticonvulsive therapy and acquired...

  2. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy are increasingly used procedures due to the known advantages, e.g. shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and quicker recovery. The technical disadvantages of laparoscopy and thoracoscopy are, however, limited degrees of freedom and ergon......Minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy are increasingly used procedures due to the known advantages, e.g. shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and quicker recovery. The technical disadvantages of laparoscopy and thoracoscopy are, however, limited degrees of freedom...... and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  3. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage. G...

  4. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Farah, Abdulkadir Osman; Farah Aden, Mahad

    2013-01-01

    I efteråret 2012 fik Somalia for første gang en parlamentsformand, en præsident og en statsminister fra civilsamfundet. Den føderale regering beskyttes af ca. 18.000 afrikanske tropper fra Uganda, Kenya mv. Ekstremistiske grupper er i defensiven, men ikke nedkæmpet. 6. marts 2013 ophævede Sikkerh...

  5. MRSA og ESBL er fortsat stigende i samfundet og ved hospitalsassocierede udbrud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Robert; Hansen, Dennis Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    This review describes the recent epidemiology for MRSA and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Denmark. MRSA community-associated cases continue to increase whereas hospital associated cases are low and stable. Due to an active search and destroy policy secondary transmission is modest. MRSA from...

  6. Pårørendes erfaringer med bruk av frivillige ved alvorlig sykdom i hjemmet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvi Monika Flateland

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers for palliative patients living at home The aim of this study was to illuminate next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers supplementing community health care services for palliative patients living at home. The study has a qualitative approach. Nine individual interviews were conducted with next of kin from a municipality in Southern Norway. Use of volunteers for palliative care in the home was a relief for next-of-kin, especially prominent for families who had limited social network. Planned volunteering resulted in the best results. Use of volunteer was also found helpful for families as they were given a "breathing space" and a certain normalization of everyday life. The volunteers followed up activities related to the patient that the next-of-kin to a limited extent managed to attend. This affected the next-of-kin’s conscience in a positive way. The next-of-kin experienced the volunteers to be empathetic, they could inspire confidence and showed good characteristics to assist ill people and their next-of-kin. The next-of-kin needed regular relief from volunteers as a supplement to the community health care services. The volunteers were well suited to meet people, who were in a difficult situation, and with their approach they had strong confidence in the next-of-kin and gave them relief in a challenging environment. The coordinator for palliative care was a key person in relation to the link between families, patients in palliative care and the volunteers.

  7. Mulige problemer ved tegning af forsikring bekymrer patienter, der henvises til genetisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diness, Birgitte Rode; Juhl, Line Bune

    2014-01-01

    -based survey in which 46 health-care providers reported how often they met concerns regarding insurance. Concerns were expressed in 1:17 contacts and led to discontinuation of the work-up in 1:200. The providers had knowledge of 86 actual cases with reports of genetic discrimination regarding insurance.......In Denmark insurance companies may request information regarding current and past disease of the applicants and their family when insurance is requested but they are prohibited from requesting information regarding the applicants' genetically determined risk of future disease. We report a web...

  8. Dissektionsundervisning er fortsat vigtig ved indlæring af anatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Britt Mejer; Søe, Niels Henrik; Vendel Jensen, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Dissection and prosection require a donation programme of cadavers for education and research. The importance of maintaining the donation programme and the significance of dissection as a teaching method when learning anatomic structures and obtaining surgical skills are evaluated....

  9. Risiko for anastomoselækage ved postoperativ behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, M.; Gögenür, Ismayil; Rosenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    strength and reduced deposition of hydroxyproline. Retrospective human studies have reported increased leakage rates after postoperative diclofenac and celecoxib treatment. We recommend that diclofenac and celecoxib be omitted from analgesic regimens after colorectal surgery involving an anastomosis...

  10. Kardiovaskulære risici ved behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske lægemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Morten; Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors has been associated with a substantial vascular risk but increasing concern also relates to traditional NSAIDs, in particular diclofenac. This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs and presents recommendations for their use....

  11. Fra innvandrer til medstudent og ressurs i undervisningen ved helsefaglig høyskoleutdanning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Småland Goth

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Norway has become a multicultural society where cultural encounters still can be seen as cultural conflict. The increased diversity in the population leads to an increased need for students with minority background within the health professions and health professionals from the majority population practicing care with a culture sensitive approach. During the last years, the University College of Oslo and Akershus has seen a significant increase of health student applicants with immigrant background. To encounter the situation this article aims to describe immigrant student's learning situation. 21 randomly selected students from the University College were interviewed on the basis of a semi-structured interview guide. Nine of the students were immigrants and 12 belonged to the major population. Gained data were analysed within a constant comparative approach. Our results showed that immigrant students face challenges during participation in study groups, seminars and in other professional communities. The detected challenges also included the acquisition of terminology and communication in Norwegian. The study concludes that there is a need for an enforced inclusive learning environment by promoting togetherness, tolerance and cultural competence.

  12. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    with promising reductions in antibiotic use and treatment duration, but more research is needed in order to draw a final conclusion. Lack of objective diagnostic criteria, methodological challenges in research, a future focus on primary care, and the need for a cost-benefit analysis should be considered....

  13. Nye endokrine behandlinger forlænger overlevelsen ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, Klaus; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2013-01-01

    Prostate cancer that progresses despite castrate levels of serum testosterone is defined as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Molecular investigations of the disease have established that progression of CRPC remains driven by androgen receptor signalling and that CRPC continues...... to respond to hormonal manipulation. Recently, new endocrine treatments including an androgen receptor signalling inhibitor and a testosterone synthesis inhibitor have been approved for treatment of CRPC. We review the pivotal phase 3 trials and discuss their implications for future treatment of CRPC....

  14. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlings-princip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdòttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Therapeutic vaccines is a novel approach in castration-resistant prostate cancer treatment Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemo­therapy and novel...... endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2...... and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  15. Finasterid ved symptomgivende benign prostatahypertrofi. Et toårs placebokontrolleret studie. Skandinaviske BPH-Studiegruppe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, J T; Wolf, H; Ekman, P

    1996-01-01

    The efficacy and safety of treatment with finasteride 5 mg daily for 24 months was assessed in this multicentre double blind placebo-controlled study including 707 patients with moderately symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Efficacy parameters were changes in voiding- and bladder storage s.......01). Finasteride was well tolerated. Patients receiving placebo progressed in symptoms after 16 months. Finasteride can halt the natural progression of moderately symptomatic BPH over a 24 month period....

  16. Udokumenterede regimer ved hofte- og knæalloplastik kan forringe behandlingsresultatet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Troelsen, Anders; Kehlet, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Undocumented traditions in perioperative care after total hip and knee arthroplasty are passed on as gold standard. However, evidence-based medicine may interfere with traditions. It is therefore essential to revisit traditions or routines once in a while and re-evaluate current practice according...... to existing evidence. Fast track surgery is an example of replacing traditions with evidence-based clinical features in order to optimise perioperative outcome. This article reviews some traditions that may influence outcome regarding pain, infection, blood loss, mobilisation, length of stay in hospital......, thromboembolic prophylaxis, and costs....

  17. Patofysiologiske mekanismer bag øjensymptomer ved primaere tumorer i corpus pineale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, N O; Møller, M; Garde, E

    1993-01-01

    Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may be a pres......Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may...

  18. Blodtransfusion ved større ortopædkirurgiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jans, Øivind; Kehlet, Henrik; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    Hip and knee surgery is associated with a relatively large bleeding and a need for perioperative transfusion. Postoperative anaemia may delay recovery, but transfusion carries inherent risks. However, only few randomised controlled studies evaluating the effects of different transfusion triggers...

  19. Vi kan ikke afskaffe det ubærlige ved lov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Post, Bettina

    2012-01-01

    Man bliver ikke rask af beskæftigelsesindsats. Heller ikke når man har en psykisk sygdom. Alligevel er det langt hen ad vejen forestillingen hos de politikere, som beslutter reglerne omkring fleksjob og førtidspension....

  20. Hvad er selvledelsesværdien ved det åbne kontorlandskab?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amhøj, Christa Breum

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen handler om det åbne kontorlandskab og hvordan dette kan føre til at medarbejderne leder sig selv. En gennemgående pointe i artiklen er at de forskellige måder hvorpå virksomheden vælger at iagttage og tale om det åbne kontorlandskab, skaber værdierne for forholdet mellem organisation/led...

  1. Faciale angiofibromer ved tuberøs sklerose behandlet med sirolimussalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Mathias Tiedemann; Bygum, Anette; Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard

    2013-01-01

    We present a five-year-old boy with facial angiofibromas associated to tuberous sclerosis successfully treated with topical sirolimus 0.4% applied three times a week for six months. After six months we observed a nearly complete resolution of facial angiofibromas. The blood levels of sirolimus...

  2. Endocavitary radiotherapy of rectal tumours; Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved distale rectum tumorers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Wiig, J. [Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway); Andersen, O.K. [Sentralsykehuset i Akershus, Loerenskog (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The authors describe their experience of endocavitary radiotherapy of adenomas and carcinomas of the lower rectum. The method is an alternative for patients who cannot undergo standard surgical procedure or do no want a permanent colostomy. This method is cheap, fast and causes little discomfort to the patients, gives reasonable long-term results and has low morbidity. 11 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Endocavitary radiotherapy in patients with rectal carcinoma. Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved cancer recti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Tveit, K.M.; Giercksky, K.E. (Det Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway))

    1992-05-01

    Most patients with rectal carcinomas undergo surgery, either a resection with anastomosis or Miles' operation with permanent colostomy. Endocavitary radiotherapy is an alternative to surgery in patients with small carcinomas (Dukes' A) or adenovillous adenomas. The treatment is cheap, simple, gives good local tumour control, has low morbidity and does not require hosptialization. The Norwegian Radium Hospital has recently startet to use this method in selected cases of rectal carcinomas. 12 refs., 1 fig.

  4. Behandlingsprincipper ved rekonstruktioner, forlængelser og opretninger i underekstremiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Ulrik Kähler; Nygaard, Tobias; Kold, Søren V.

    2017-01-01

    degenerative joint disease. Modern motorized intramedullary nails spare the patients for external fixators, and thus complications are being reduced. X-ray, CT-based planning and a thorough clinical examination is essential for a good result. Complications are frequent, and treatment can be lengthy. Modern...

  5. Humant serum-albumin som proteinkilde ved dyrkning af humane oocytter, spermatozoer og praeembryoer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, C Y; Hay-Schmidt, Anders; Byskov, A G

    1991-01-01

    patient serum as source of protein in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment. The pregnancy rate per transplantation was increased from 30% in the serum group (21 pregnant out of 69 transplantations) to 39% in the albumin group (26 pregnant out of 66 transplantations...... takes place, also consists of a source of protein. In order to eliminate the variability of patient sera, a prospective, randomized investigation was performed to elucidate whether a well-defined source of protein such as human serum albumin (hSA-hSA 200 mg/ml, Statens Seruminstitute) can replace......SA is recommended as the source of protein, rather than the patient's own serum in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment....

  6. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  7. Det kliniske forløb ved valproatforgiftning hos en treårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Thalia Marie; Vestergaard, Esben Thyssen; Dalhoff, Kim Peder

    2012-01-01

    after accidental intake of 6,000 mg VA. Treatment included activated charcoal. Clinical observation included measurements of blood pressure, cardiac telemetry, and measurements of serum VA and metabolic parameters every 4-6 hrs. The girl was discharged successfully after 72 hrs with her usual dose of VA....

  8. Slaget ved Vejle og andre fortællinger fra Jyske Bank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtsen, Charlotte

    Storytelling som ledelsesværktøj er en form for retorik idet formålet med at bruge fortællinger i kommunikationen fra ledelse til medarbejdere er at påvirke modtagerne/medarbejderne. Imidlertid er refleksioner over modtagerinstansen så godt som fraværende både i den populære debat om storytelling...... og i den eksisterende forskning i emnet. Foruden at introducere til forskningen i storytelling præsenterer artiklens forfatter, som er ph.d.-studerende, en modtagerorienteret analyse af en fortælling fra Jyske Bank....

  9. Lægelig medvirken ved detentionsanbringelser. Et års erfaringer fra Odense politikreds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardt-Madsen, M; Larsen, C F; Schmidt, D

    1990-01-01

    in 1988. Out of 918 persons placed in detention in the Odense police district, 66% were medically examined and of these 5% were referred to hospital for further examination and/or treatment. Four of these were admitted, three of whom had life-threatening poisonings and one on account of a potentially...

  10. Estimering af bilers brændstofforbrug ved brug af eksisterende GPS data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ove; Lahrmann, Harry; Torp, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    GPS data opsamles i mange sammenhænge f.eks. for at finde køretider i vejnettet. I denne artikel vises, hvorledes eksisterende GPS data kan bruges til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en tur. En metode til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en enkelt tur generaliseres til at kunne estimere...

  11. Dynamiske ekg-forandringer ved Brugada-syndrom, en overset diagnose?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Hofman-Bang, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    Brugada syndrome is a primary electrical disease involving a wide spectrum of phenotypes. The hallmark of Brugada syndrome is the ST elevation in leads V1 to V3. We present three cases of Brugada syndrome. The first patient was diagnosed via routine ECG and a programmed electric stimulation...

  12. Tidlig invasiv undersøgelse af koronarkar er indiceret ved non-ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Stengaard, Carsten; Okkels Jensen, Lisette

    2013-01-01

    Today there is solid evidence that high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction without ST-elevation should undergo routine invasive treatment, preferably with a very short delay. Evidence suggests that acute coronary occlusions are present in many of these patients. Nevertheless, so far n...... no studies have been powered to evaluate the impact of primary percutaneous coronary intervention on outcome in this patient population. With the advanced, prehospital, diagnostic possibilities available today it would be possible to investigate this issue further....

  13. Betydningen af kroppens stilling for det diuretiske respons ved behandling af dekompenseret cirrose og morbus cordis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ring-Larsen, H; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1989-01-01

    The diuretic effect of the supine position was evaluated in six patients with cirrhosis and ascites and six with congestive cardiac failure. All patients received 1 mg bumethanide intravenously and were randomly assigned to either bed rest in the supine position or normal daily activity in the up...

  14. Lægers tavshedspligt ved behandling af unge kan være et dilemma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adolphsen, Caroline; Boisen, Kirsten; Svensson, Jannet

    2016-01-01

    Confidentiality is paramount in healthcare, yet according to Danish guidelines, health professionals have to inform parents about their child´s situation until the age of 18 years. This is in contrast to Danish legislation regarding informed consent, where adolescents aged 15 years can consent to...

  15. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af...

  16. Vesikoamniotisk shunt-terapi ved føtal obstruktiv uropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, T H; Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Larsen, T

    1996-01-01

    Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and oligohydramn......Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis...

  17. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    Reduction of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms is imperative. Pneumonia is important in this matter because of its high incidence, subjective diagnostic criteria, and variations in aetiology. Research has focused on the use of a procalcitonin-guided algorithm for antimicrobial stewardship...

  18. Analyse af problemstillinger i moderne produktionssystemer ved hjælp af operationsanalytiske metoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulli, Jan

    This PhD thesis consists of 6 volumes, the first being the above-mentioned Resumé. Vol. 2: Some Aspects of Applying Simulated Annealing and Tabu Search to the Quadratic Assignment Problem. Vol. 3: A Hierarchical Approach for the FMS Scheduling Problem Vol. 4: Solving the General Multiprocessor Job-shop...... Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzèrérès) Vol. 5: A Global Tabu Search Procedure for the General Multiprocessor Job-shop Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzère-Pérès) Vol. 6: Makespan Estimations in Flexible Manufacturing Systems (co-author: J.C. Fransoo, T.G. de Kok)...

  19. Menstruationsforstyrrelser ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus--epidemiologi og årsager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hangaard, J; Pedersen, K K

    1994-01-01

    About 20% of all women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) have menstrual irregularities. Eight percent have amenorrhea. Fluctuations in blood glucose and insulin concentration are probably contributing factors, but the irregular menstrual cycles are mainly caused by disorders in the ...

  20. Både krucifikser og figurer af Jomfru Maria blev smidt ud af kirkerne ved Reformationen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn; McGuire, Brian Patrick

    2016-01-01

    Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie......Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie...