WorldWideScience

Sample records for pahikkala sampo pyysalo

  1. SEB, Sampo ja Hansapank suurendasid edumaad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk nr. 11 veebr. lk. 8. Metasite Business Solutions'i koostatud Balti e-panganduse aruande järgi on Eesti e-panganduse kolm juhtivat panka SEB, Sampo ja Hansapank. Tabel: 2006. aasta e-panganduse edetabel

  2. Electromagnetic Sampo soundings at Olkiluoto in 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.; Lehtimaeki, J.

    2007-11-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) carried out a Sampo Gefinex 400S frequency domain electromagnetic (EM) survey in the central part of the eastern Olkiluoto island. The survey comprised a total of 408 soundings; 134 of these were measurements of EM noise. The goal of the survey was to supplement previously performed soundings. The measurements of EM noise were used to analyse the influence of power lines on the soundings. A statistically significant correlation was found between EM noise and the distance between the receiver and the high-voltage power line located northeast of the research area. The high-voltage power line exerted a considerable influence on the soundings. Numerical modelling was used to evaluate the effect of a dipping layer on the interpretation of Sampo soundings, which is based on the 1-D layered earth model. The results indicate that Sampo interpretation is robust even in the case of a dipping layer, assuming that the dip of the layer is not steep, and both the transmitter and receiver are located above the layer. The interpretations of the soundings indicate three conducting layers. There appear to be two layers of significant conductivity above the depth of 600 m. These layers may be indications of sulphide and/or graphite rich layers. Furthermore, a deeper conducting layer below the depth of 600 m was also indicated by the interpretations. This layer may indicate deep saline groundwater. (orig.)

  3. Interpretation of electromagnetic Sampo monitoring soundings of Olkiluoto

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.

    2010-04-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) has carried out electromagnetic Sampo soundings at Olkiluoto annually since 2004 commissioned by Posiva. The soundings have been carried out at the same measurement stations every year. The goal of the soundings is to detect any changes in the electrical conditions of the bedrock surrounding the ONKALO underground research facility. This study aims to detect possible changes in the groundwater conditions using modelling. The sensitivity of the Sampo method to changes in the electrical properties and the level of groundwater were investigated as part of this study. The results of the sensitivity investigation indicate that the Sampo method is capable of detecting changes occurring even quite deep in the bedrock. Thus, the usage of the Sampo method to monitor the groundwater conditions is warranted. The plots of apparent resistivity as a function of depth indicate that the area directly above the ONKALO facility is very disturbed electromagnetically. However, most of the soundings to the east and west of ONKALO are of better quality and were interpreted. The results indicate possible changes in the groundwater conditions. The level of saline groundwater may be sinking in the eastern part while it may be rising on the western part. (orig.)

  4. Gamma spectrum analysis including NAA with SAMPO for Windows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Nikkinen, M.T.; Routti, J.T.

    1995-01-01

    SAMPO for Windows is a high performance gamma spectrum analysis program. All the measurement, analysis and NAA phases can be done either under full interactive use control or user defined tasks can be used for automated measurement and analysis sequences including control of MCAs and sample changers. High resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy together with the possibility to resolve complex multiplets with high accuracy makes SAMPO very suitable for INAA. On the other hand, the possibility to automate analysis sequences allows it use effectively also in all routine NAA measurements. NAA in SAMPO is accomplished using comparative methods. Spectra of standards, flux monitors, controls and actual samples are analyzed normally to obtain the peak areas which are optionally corrected for decay. In the comparison the flux monitor results are used to correct for variations in the effective neutron flux. An optional irradiation position correction can also be applied. The controls are used to alarm for possible deviations in the results. The sophisticated spectrum analysis methods used together with the comparative NAA and monitors give accurate results limited by the systematic effects only. The Windows environment provides ease of use and further processing power is available through the interface to expert system identification of nuclides. (author) 19 refs.; 1 tab

  5. Implementation of the SAMPO computer code in the Cyber 170-750

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chagas, E.F.; Liguori Neto, R.; Gomes, P.R.S.

    1985-01-01

    The code SAMPO, in this available version, incorporates algorithms that determine energy, eficiency and peak shape. The code also includes processing subroutines that provide automatic surveys of peaks raising all their characteristics. The handling of the code has been improved and its analysing capacity in each region of the spectrum has been amplified. Practical information regarding the use of the code is enclosed. Tests made guarantee the good performance of the code SAMPO in the Cyber system-IEAv. (Author) [pt

  6. Gefinex 400S (SAMPO) EM-soundings at Olkiluoto 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jokinen, T.; Lehtimaeki, J.; Korhonen, K.

    2009-09-01

    In the beginning of June 2009 Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) carried out electromagnetic (EM) frequency soundings with Gefinex 400S equipment (Sampo) in the vicinity of ONKALO at the Olkiluoto site investigation area. The EM-monitoring sounding program started in 2004 and has been repeated since yearly in the same season. The aim of the study is to monitor the variations of the groundwater properties down to 500 m depth by the changes of the electric conductivity of the earth at ONKALO and repository area. The original measurement grid was based on two 1400 m long broadside profiles, which have 200 m mutual distance and 200 m station separation. The receiver and transmitter sites are marked with stakes and the profiles were measured using 200, 500, and 800 m coil separations. The measurement program was revised in 2007 and then again in 2009. Now 15 noisy soundings were removed from the program and 3 new points were selected from the area to the east from ONKALO. The new receiver/transmitter sites, called ABC-points were marked with stakes and the points were measured using transmitter-receiver separations 200, 400 and 800 meters. In 2009 the new EM-Sampo monitoring program included 28+9 soundings. The numerous power lines and cables in the area generate local disturbances on the sounding curves, but the SN (signal to noise) ratio and the repeatability of the results is reasonably good even with long coil separations. However, most suitable for monitoring purposes are the sites without strong shallow 3D effects. Comparison of the new results to old 2004-2008 surveys shows differences on some ARD (apparent resistivity-depth) curves. Those are mainly results of the modified shallow structures. The changes in groundwater conditions based on the monitoring results seem insignificant. (orig.)

  7. Gefinex 400S (Sampo) EM-soundings at Olkiluoto 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jokinen, T.; Lehtimaeki, J.

    2008-09-01

    In the beginning of June 2008 Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) carried out electromagnetic frequency soundings with Gefinex 400S equipment (Sampo) in the vicinity of ONKALO at the Olkiluoto site investigation area. The same soundings sites were first time measured and marked in 2004 and has been repeated after it yearly in the same season. The aim of the measurements is to monitor the changes of groundwater conditions by the changes of the electric conductivity of the earth at ONKALO and repository area. The measurements form two 1400 m long broadside profiles, which have 200 m mutual distance and 200 m station separation. The profiles have been measured using 200, 500, and 800 m coil separations. Because of the strong electromagnetic noise all planned sites (48) could not be measured. In 2008 the measurements were performed at the sites that were successful in 2007 (43 soundings). The numerous power lines and cables in the area generate local disturbances on the sounding curves, but the signal/noise also with long coil separations and the repeatability of the results is reasonably good. However, most suitable for monitoring purposes are the sites without strong surficial 3D effects. Comparison of the results of 2004 to 2008 surveys shows differences on some ARD (Apparent resistivity-depth) curves. Those are mainly results of the modified man-made structures. The effects of changes in groundwater conditions are obviously slight. (orig.)

  8. Gefinex 400S (Sampo) EM-Soundings at Olkiluoto 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jokinen, T.; Lehtimaeki, J.

    2006-08-01

    In the beginning of summer 2006 Geological Survey of Finland carried out electromagnetic frequency soundings with Gefinex 400S equipment (called also Sampo) at Onkalo situated in Olkiluoto nuclear power plant area. The same soundings sites were the first time measured and marked in 2004 and repeated in 2005. The aim of the measurements is to monitor the changes of groundwater conditions by the changes of the electric conductivity of the earth at ONKALO and repository area. The measurements form two 1400 m long broadside profiles, which have 200 m mutual distance and 200 m station separation. The profiles have been measured using 200, 500, and 800 m coil separations. The total number of the soundings was 48 but at 8 stations the measurement did not succeed because of strong electromagnetic noise. The numerous power lines and the cables of the area generate local 3-D effects on the sounding curves, but the repeatability of the results is good. However, most suitable for monitoring purposes are the sites without strong 3-D effects. Comparison of results 2004-2006 shows small differences at some sounding sites. (orig.)

  9. Electromagnetic SAMPO monitoring soundings at Olkiluoto 2011 with updated interpretations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.

    2013-11-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) has carried out electromagnetic depth soundings annually at fixed stations in Olkiluoto since 2004 as part of a monitoring programme. The goal of the programme is to detect and monitor changes in the electrical properties of the bedrock above and in the vicinity of the underground nuclear waste disposal facility. A new Sampo monitoring survey was carried out during September-October 2011. The survey resulted in 39 soundings at 17 measurement stations. The nominal coil separations of 200, 400, 500, 600 and 800 meters were used. Eight stations were selected for detailed annual layer-model interpretation. The layer models were based on prior geological and geophysical knowledge of the area. The thicknesses of the layer-model layers were kept fixed whereas their resistivities were solved for each subsequent year independent of each other. Many time series indicate clear trends in electrical resistivity. However, even though the data was carefully corrected and edited, the time series display a fairly large amount of variability increasing the uncertainty of the calculated trends. (orig.)

  10. Gefinex 400S (Sampo) EM-Soundings at Olkiluoto 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jokinen, T.; Lehtimaeki, J.

    2007-09-01

    In the beginning of June 2007 Geological Survey of Finland carried out electromagnetic frequency soundings with Gefinex 400S equipment (Sampo) at Onkalo situated in Olkiluoto nuclear power plant area. The same soundings sites were the first time measured and marked in 2004 and repeated after it yearly. The aim of the measurements is to monitor the changes of groundwater conditions by the changes of the electric conductivity of the earth at ONKALO and repository area. The measurements form two 1400 m long broadside profiles, which have 200 m mutual distance and 200 m station separation. The profiles have been measured using 200, 500, and 800 m coil separations. The total number of the soundings stations is 48. In 2007 at 8 sounding stations the transmitter and/or receiver sites were changed and the line L11.400 was substituted by line L11.500. Some changes helped but anyway there were 6 stations that could not be measured because of the strong electromagnetic noise. The numerous power lines and the cables of the area generate local 3-D effects on the sounding curves, but the repeatability of the results is good. However, most suitable for monitoring purposes are the sites without strong 3-D effects. Comparison of results 2004-2007 shows small differences at some sounding sites. (orig.)

  11. Permafrost at Lupin. Interpretation of SAMPO electromagnetic soundings at Lupin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paananen, M.; Ruskeeniemi, T.

    2003-01-01

    The Permafrost Project at the Lupin Mine in northern Canada is an international project, aiming to improve the understanding of behaviour and processes of crystalline bedrock under permafrost conditions. As a part of this project, the Geological Survey of Finland carried out electromagnetic SAMPO soundings in the vicinity of the mine between 11th and 23rd of June 2002 in order to give additional information on the permafrost depth, the location and electrical characteristics of fracture zones and possible talik structures. The total number of sounding points was 214, forming 17 separate survey lines. Used coil separation was 100 - 800 m. According to the temperature data from Lupin Mine, the base of the permafrost is at the depth of 540 m. However, there is no information about the depth distribution outside the mine. The starting point of this survey was the possible existence of a saline water horizon below the permafrost, resulting from repeated segregation and enrichment of salts in front of advancing freezing front. The main result of the survey was a deep conductor, observed at numerous sounding points irrespectively of the measurement configuration. These sounding anomalies form a subhorizontal layer at the depths between 400 and 700 m, in contrast to the vertical orientation of the geological units in the area. According to the results, the conductor gets weaker or deeper close to the Lake Contwoyto and seems to be absent below the lake. There also seems to be a lithological control, since the conducting layer is not observed in granodiorite. It is assumed that the conducting layer represents saline or brackish waters at the base of the permafrost; their calculated TDS-values are in a realistic range for such waters (5000-30 000 mg/l). The subvertical fracture zone VI, previously interpreted from the seismic survey, could be observed as a slight decrease in resistivity in 3 survey profiles using a coil separation of 100 m. (orig.)

  12. Permafrost at Lupin. Interpretation of SAMPO electromagnetic soundings at Lupin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paananen, M.; Ruskeeniemi, T

    2003-07-01

    The Permafrost Project at the Lupin Mine in northern Canada is an international project, aiming to improve the understanding of behaviour and processes of crystalline bedrock under permafrost conditions. As a part of this project, the Geological Survey of Finland carried out electromagnetic SAMPO soundings in the vicinity of the mine between 11th and 23rd of June 2002 in order to give additional information on the permafrost depth, the location and electrical characteristics of fracture zones and possible talik structures. The total number of sounding points was 214, forming 17 separate survey lines. Used coil separation was 100 - 800 m. According to the temperature data from Lupin Mine, the base of the permafrost is at the depth of 540 m. However, there is no information about the depth distribution outside the mine. The starting point of this survey was the possible existence of a saline water horizon below the permafrost, resulting from repeated segregation and enrichment of salts in front of advancing freezing front. The main result of the survey was a deep conductor, observed at numerous sounding points irrespectively of the measurement configuration. These sounding anomalies form a subhorizontal layer at the depths between 400 and 700 m, in contrast to the vertical orientation of the geological units in the area. According to the results, the conductor gets weaker or deeper close to the Lake Contwoyto and seems to be absent below the lake. There also seems to be a lithological control, since the conducting layer is not observed in granodiorite. It is assumed that the conducting layer represents saline or brackish waters at the base of the permafrost; their calculated TDS-values are in a realistic range for such waters (5000-30 000 mg/l). The subvertical fracture zone VI, previously interpreted from the seismic survey, could be observed as a slight decrease in resistivity in 3 survey profiles using a coil separation of 100 m. (orig.)

  13. SAMPO: a code system giving different orders of approximation for sensitivity and perturbation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Estiot, J.C.; Salvatores, M.; Palmiotti, G.

    1981-01-01

    We present the characteristics of SAMPO, a one dimension transport theory code system, which is used for the following types of calculation: sensitivity analysis for functional linear or bi-linear on the direct or adjoint flux and their ratios; classic perturbation analysis. First order calculations, as well higher order, can be presented

  14. Eluasemeruum ja linnapoliitika : sotsiaalsest eristumisest ja planeerimisest Sampo Ruoppila Tallinna-teemalises väitekirjas (2006) / Katrin Paadam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paadam, Katrin

    2006-01-01

    Doktoritööst: Ruoppila, Sampo. Residential differentiation, housing policy and urban planning in the transformation from state socialism to a market economy : the case of Tallinn. Espoo : Helsinki University of Technology, 2006

  15. WWW-based remote analysis framework for UniSampo and Shaman analysis software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Ala-Heikkilae, J.J.; Routti, J.T.; Nikkinen, M.T.

    2005-01-01

    UniSampo and Shaman are well-established analytical tools for gamma-ray spectrum analysis and the subsequent radionuclide identification. These tools are normally run locally on a Unix or Linux workstation in interactive mode. However, it is also possible to run them in batch/non-interactive mode by starting them with the correct parameters. This is how they are used in the standard analysis pipeline operation. This functionality also makes it possible to use them for remote operation over the network. Framework for running UniSampo and Shaman analysis using the standard WWW-protocol has been developed. A WWW-server receives requests from the client WWW-browser and runs the analysis software via a set of CGI-scripts. Authentication, input data transfer, and output and display of the final analysis results is all carried out using standard WWW-mechanisms. This WWW-framework can be utilized, for example, by organizations that have radioactivity surveillance stations in a wide area. A computer with a standard internet/intranet connection suffices for on-site analyses. (author)

  16. SAMPO 90 high resolution interactive gamma-spectrum analysis including automation with macros

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Nikkinen, M.T.; Routti, J.T.

    1992-01-01

    SAMPO 90 is high performance gamma-spectrum analysis program for personal computers. It uses color graphics to display calibrations, spectra, fitting results as multiplet components, and analysis results. All the analysis phases can be done either under full interactive user control or macros and programmable function keys can be used for completely automated measurement and analysis sequences including the control of MACs and sample changers. Accurate peak area determination of even the most complex multiplets, of up to 32 components, is accomplished using linear and mixed mode fitting. Nuclide identification is done using associated lines techniques allowing interference correction for fully overlapping peaks. Peaked Background Subtraction can be performed and Minimum Detectable Activities calculated. The analysis reports and program parameters are fully customizable. (author) 13 refs.; 1 fig

  17. SAMPO 90 - High resolution interactive gamma spectrum analysis including automation with macros

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Nikkinen, M.T.; Routti, J.T.

    1991-01-01

    SAMPO 90 is a high performance gamma spectrum analysis program for personal computers. It uses high resolution color graphics to display calibrations, spectra, fitting results as multiplet components, and analysis results. All the analysis phases can be done either under full interactive user control or by using macros for automated measurement and analysis sequences including the control of MCAs and sample changers. Semi-automated calibrations for peak shapes (Gaussian with exponential tails), detector efficiency, and energy are available with a possibility for user intervention through interactive graphics. Accurate peak area determination of even the most complex multiplets, of up to 32 components, is accomplished using linear, non-linear and mixed mode fitting, where the component energies and areas can be either frozen or allowed to float in arbitrary combinations. Nuclide identification is done using associated lines techniques which allow interference correction for fully overlapping peaks. Peaked Background Subtraction can be performed and Minimum Detectable Activities calculated. Attenuation corrections can be taken into account in detector efficiency calculation. The most common PC-based MCA spectrum formats (Canberra S100, Ortec ACE, Nucleus PCA, ND AccuSpec) are supported as well as ASCII spectrum files. A gamma-line library is included together with an editor for user configurable libraries. The analysis reports and program parameters are fully customizable. Function key macros can be used to automate the most common analysis procedures. Small batch type modules are additionally available for routine work. SAMPO 90 is a result of over twenty man years of programming and contains 25,000 lines of Fortran, 10,000 lines of C, and 12,000 lines of assembler

  18. Electromagnetic SAMPO monitoring soundings at OLKILUOTO in 2012 with updated interpretations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.

    2013-11-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) has carried out electromagnetic depth soundings annually at fixed stations at Olkiluoto since 2004 as part of a monitoring programme. The goal of the programme is to detect and monitor changes in the electrical properties of the bedrock above and in the vicinity of the ONKALO tunnel which will serve as a part of the future underground nuclear waste disposal facility. A new Sampo monitoring survey was carried out during October 2012. The survey plan of 2011 was slightly modified and 36 soundings at 16 measurement stations were carried out. The nominal coil separations of 200, 400, 500, 600 and 800 meters were used. Interpretations at eight selected stations were updated with the new data. The interpretations indicate consistent statistically significant changes. Annual increases in resistivity were detected at stations to the East of ONKALO while annual decreases in resistivity were detected to the West of ONKALO. However, these changes need to be considered keeping in mind the high degree of uncertainty associated with the data and their interpretations. (orig.)

  19. Elecromagnetic Sampo monitoring soundings at Olkiluoto in 2013 with updated interpretations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.

    2014-10-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) has carried out electromagnetic depth soundings annually at fixed stations in Olkiluoto since 2004 as part of a monitoring program. The goal of the monitoring program is to detect and monitor changes in the electrical properties of the bedrock in the vicinity of the ONKALO underground research facility which will constitute a part of the final nuclear waste repository. A new Sampo monitoring survey was carried out by GTK in October 2013. The survey consists of 37 soundings performed at 17 measurement stations. The nominal coil separations of 200, 400, 500, 600 and 800 metres were used depending on the station. Layer-model interpretations of soundings at eight selected stations were updated with the new data. The interpretations indicate consistent annual changes. Resistivities be-low stations to the East of the ONKALO facility appear to increase annually. In contrast, resistivities below stations to the West of the ONKALO facility appear to decrease annually. However, these changes need to be considered keeping in mind the uncertainties associated with the data and their interpretations. (orig.)

  20. SAMPO, A Fortran IV Program for Computer Analysis of Gamma Spectrafrom Ge(Li) Detectors, and for Other Spectra with Peaks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Routti, Jorma T.

    1969-10-20

    SAMPO is a Fortran IV program written to perform the data- reduction analysis described by J. T. Routti and S. G. Prussin in Photopeak Method for the Computer Analysis of Gamma-Ray Spectra from Semiconductor Detectors, Nuclear Instruments and Methods 72, 125-142 (1969). The code has also been used to analyze other spectra with peaks and continua. Program SAMPO can be used for an automatic off-line or an interactive on-line analysis. It includes algorithms for line-shape, energy, and efficiency calibrations, and peak-search and peak-fitting routines. Different options are available to make the code applicable to accurate nuclear spectroscopic work as well as to routine data reduction. The mathematical methods and their coding are briefly described. Instructions for using the program and for preparing input data are given and the optimal strategies for running the code are discussed. Instructions are given for using the LRL program library version of SAMPO and for obtaining source decks.

  1. Automated analysis of off-line measured gamma-spectra using UniSampo gamma-ray spectrum analysis software including criterias for alarming systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nikkinen, M.T.

    2005-01-01

    In many laboratories the number of measured routine gamma-spectra can be significant and the labour work to review all the data is time consuming and expensive task. In many cases the routine sample does not normally contain radiation above a detectable level, and still the review of the spectra has to be performed. By introducing simple rules for emerging conditions, the review work can be significantly reduced. In one case the need to review the environmental measurement spectra was reduced to less than 1% compared to the original need, which in turn made the review personnel available for more useful functions. Using the UniSampo analysis system, the analysis results of spectra that are causing alarming conditions can be transmitted via e-mail to any address. Some systems are even equipped with the capability to forward these results to hand-portable telephones or pagers. This is a very practical solution for automated environmental monitoring, when the sample spectra are collected automatically and transmitted to central computer for further analysis. Set up of an automatic analysis system, rules for the emerging conditions, technical solutions for an automated alarming system and a generic hypothesis test for the alarming system developed for UniSampo analysis software are described. (author)

  2. Electromagnetic Sampo monitoring soundings at Olkiluoto 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korhonen, K.; Korpisalo, A.; Ojamo, H.

    2010-12-01

    The Geological Survey of Finland has carried out electromagnetic frequency-domain depth soundings at fixed measurement stations in Olkiluoto annually since 2004. The purpose of the soundings is to monitor the groundwater conditions in the vicinity of the ONKALO rock characterization facility which will ultimately be part of the final nuclear waste disposal facility for the Finnish nuclear power companies. A new monitoring survey was carried out at the turn of May-June 2010. The survey resulted in 38 successfully performed soundings at 10 stations. The data set spanning the time period of 2004 to 2010 was interpreted with layered-earth models. Most of the interpretations indicate no systematic changes in the level of deep saline groundwater. However, at one station there are indications of a systematic rise in the groundwater level. (orig.)

  3. "Jade Warrior" kupatab Soome sampo Hiina / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina, Hollandi ja Eesti ühistöö) : stsenarist Iiro Küttner : režissöör Antti-Jussi Annila : võitluskunstide koreograaf Yu Yan Kai : osades Tommi Eronen, Zhang Jingchu, Markku Peltola. Lisatud Ave Randviiru, Elle Kulli ja Antti-Jussi Annila "Esimesed muljed"

  4. "Ringlemise viis, millesse me kinni jäime : kurvad, heitlikud, lootusrikkad..." : [luuletused] / Joni Pyysalo ; soome keelest tõlkinud Marko Martinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pyysalo, Joni

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: "Ringlemise viis, millesse me kinni jäime: kurvad, heitlikud, lootusrikkad..." ; "Tundmatu linnu huige öisel nõmmel, kordub saamata vastust, vannitoa..." ; "Aga armastus on umbrohi: leiab üles iga võimaluse, iga prao, iga nõrga koha." ; "Oma nõrkuse asetad sõrmeotsa ta silmalaule..." ; "Sa magad kaua, äratad ikka veel selle igatsuse..." ; "Mitu korda ütleb ta lihtsat su nime ja ei jõua lõpuni..." ; "Su hingamine on meister, kui on kiirus peal..." ; "Haige männi latv nagu riidepuu konks..." ; "Aga mingid rahustid ei rahusta enam..." ; "Harva nii ärkvel, et saad aru, mis lahti..." ; "Kui 90-ndate muusikat mängitakse raadios nagu minevikku..." ; "Hommikud peavad olema õrnad siin, kus magatakse üksi..." ; "Kõik on võimalik..." ; "Laps uninub lõpuks..." ; "Maailm, et oleks ometi, millega kalibreerida..." ; "Naine püüab pimeduses nutta nii tasakesi..:" ; "Õunapuu all istub tool..." ; "Mälu tahab meile öelda..." ; "Nii nagu väikeste tissidega naisel ei lähe vaja rinnahoidjaid..." ; "Ma sätin su tekki paremini, nagu kohendaksin tuld..." ; "Mitte keegi pole mu tahtele niimoodi vastu hakanud..." ; "Kolgin vana maja keldris mutrivõtmega..." ; "Naine magab, nägu seina poole, mees tuleb teki alla, kõverdab põlved..." I-III ; "Katus sulab ööga kokku..."

  5. Uji Daya Hambat Sampo yang Mengandung Minyak Kelapa Murni Terhidrolisis Terhadap Jamur Penyebab Ketombe

    OpenAIRE

    Silalahi, Nulika Fitria

    2015-01-01

    Short chain and medium chain fatty acids, mainly lauric acid are the major content of virgin coconut oil (VCO) bound as triglycerides. Partial hydrolysis of triglycerides will generate free fatty acids and glycerol. Hidrolysis using NaOH (saponification) generate lauric acid, monolaurin and dilaurin. Lauric acid and monolaurin are effective as antibacterial and antifungal agent whereas dilaurin and trilaurin are not. The purpose of this research was to study the influence of addition VCO and ...

  6. SAMPO80, Ge(Li) Detector Gamma Spectra Unfolding with Isotope Identification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koskelo, M.J.; Aarnio, P.A.; Routti, J.T.

    1998-01-01

    1 - Description of problem or function: Analysis of gamma spectra measured with Ge(Li) or HPGe detectors. 2 - Method of solution: - Shape calibration using a non-linear least squares algorithm with a variable metric method. - Peak location with a smoothed second difference method. - Peak area calculation with a linear least squares fit to predefined peak shapes. - Nuclide identification with a linear least squares fit based on associated lines. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: Number of shape calibration points allowed: 20; Number of energy calibration points allowed: 20; Number of efficiency calibration points allowed: 20; Maximum number of found peaks: 100; Maximum number of fitted peaks: 100; Maximum number of peaks in a multiplet: 5; Maximum number of channels in a fitting interval: 50; Maximum number of peaks for nuclide identification: 80; Maximum number of identified nuclides: 30; Maximum number of lines per nuclide: 30

  7. Soomlaste Sampo jahvatab eestlaste ja hiinlaste jõul / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior". Film valmis Soome, Hiina, Hollandi ja Eesti ühistöös 2006, režissöör Antti-Jussi Annila. Esilinastus Eestis 20. X kobarkinos

  8. Esimene valik / Jaakko Valkiainen, Hannu Häyhä, Sampo Korhonen... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valkiainen, Jaakko

    2014-01-01

    Seitse erineva stiili ja suurusega tsiklit algaja mootorratturi jaoks: BMW F 700 GS, Harley-Davidson XL 883 N Iron, Honda CBR 500 R, Kawasaki Ninja 300, KTM Duke 390, Suzuki GW 250 Inazuma, Yamaha FZ8-S

  9. A computer program for activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rantanen, J.; Rosenberg, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    A computer program for calculating the results of activation analysis is described. The program comprises two gamma spectrum analysis programs, STOAV and SAMPO and one program for calculating elemental concentrations, KVANT. STOAV is based on a simple summation of channels and SAMPO is based on fitting of mathematical functions. The programs are tested by analyzing the IAEA G-1 test spectra. In the determination of peak location SAMPO is somewhat better than STOAV and in the determination of peak area SAMPO is more than twice as accurate as STOAV. On the other hand, SAMPO is three times as expensive as STOAV with the use of a Cyber 170 computer. (author)

  10. Kartelnõi sgovor strahhhovõhh firm / Jevgeni Zhukov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhukov, Jevgeni

    2000-01-01

    Liikluskindlustuse lepingu sõlmimise tariifide samaaegne tõstmine kindlustusfirmades Sampo Eesti Kindlustus, Nordika ja Bico Kindlustus ning Leks, annavad alust kahtlustusteks kartellikokkuleppe sõlmimise osas

  11. 500 kodu on pandud sundmüüki / Agnes Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Agnes

    2009-01-01

    Swedbank ja SEB on pannud sundmüüki kokku ligi 500 eluaset. Swedbank Eesti juhi Priit Perensi, Sampo Panga personaal- ja jaepanganduse direktori Tõnu Vanajuure, kohtutäitur Mati Kadaku kommentaare

  12. Liigse konservatiivsuse kätte võib pank välja surra / Margit Aedla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedla, Margit, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Sampo panga turundusdirektor Ranno Pajuri ja jaepanganduse direktor Margus Zhuravljov arutlevad pankade turundusvõimaluste üle olukorras, kus inimeste väärtushinnangud on võrreldes varasemaga tunduvalt muutunud

  13. Personalitöö jätkub vanaviisi / Merike Lees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lees, Merike, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Töölepingu seaduse eelnõust. Lisatud: kas plaanite esitada eelnõule oma ettepanekuid? Vastavad Sampo panga personalidirektor Liina Oks ja OÜ Expert2Ekspert juhatuse liige Kristi Mikiver ; tasub teada

  14. Pankade vastulöök kaardikopeerijaile / Mariliis Pinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pinn, Mariliis

    2008-01-01

    Sampo Pank ja Nordea Pank paigaldavad sularahaautomaatidele antiskimmingu ehk kaardi magnetribalt kaardiandmete kopeerimise ja PIN-koodi varastamise vastased seadmed. Vt samas: Näiteid elust. Kommenteerib Meelis Nurk

  15. Hansapank tunnistas oma viga / Aivar Reinap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinap, Aivar, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Kui aastaid tagasi müüs Hansapank talle kuulunud Eesti suurima kindlustusseltsi Eesti Kindlustus konkurentidele Sampo grupist, siis praegu pank tunnistab oma kunagist viga ja on otsustanud naasta varakindlustusturule

  16. Kaardiandmete kopeerimise laine suurendab ATM-ide turvalisust / Ann-Marii Nergi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nergi, Ann-Marii

    2011-01-01

    Sagenenud on kurjategijate katsed kopeerida pangaautomaatidest pangaklientide kaardiandmeid, mõnedelt pangakontodelt on kurjategijad ka raha kätte saanud. Sampo Pank paigaldab välisautomaatidele antiskimmingu-seadmed

  17. Investeerimine on arusaadav ja popp teema / Margit Aedla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedla, Margit, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Sampo Baltic Asset Managementi müügitoetuse juhi Peeter Schamardini sõnul ei peaks inimesed võtma endale maksimaalset laenumakset võimalikult lühikeseks perioodiks, vaid normaalse suurusega ja pikema ajaperioodi peale

  18. Naised, kes toovad naeratuse näole / Katrin Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Katrin

    2006-01-01

    Heast teenindusest räägivad Eesti Gaasi juhatuse esimehe assistent, Aasta Sekretär 2005 Tiivi Lind, lounge 8 baaridaam Kadri Kask ja Sampo Panga koolitusspetsialist, Aasta Teenindaja 2006 Aires Rühka. Kommenteerivad nende ülemused - Sampo Panga koolitusosakonna juhataja Külli Meier, Eesti Gaasi juhatuse esimees Aarne Saar ja lounge 8 mänedžer Heinar Õispuu

  19. RFID-lukijaa hyödyntävä Android-pohjainen esittelysovellus

    OpenAIRE

    Kare, Lauri

    2012-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä suunniteltiin ja toteutettiin Nordic ID Sampo RFID -lukijaa hyödyntävä Android-verkkosovellus, verkkopohjainen käyttöliittymä ja tietokanta. Projektin tarkoituksena oli luoda esittelysovellus messutapahtumiin, jolla havainnollistetaan sitä, että Nordic ID Sampo RFID -lukijaa voidaan hyödyntää myös Android-taulutietokoneessa. Android-verkkosovellus ohjelmoitiin Javalla ja täydennettiin XML-tekniikalla. Verkkopohjainen käyttöliittymä ohjelmoitiin käyttäen HTML-, CSS-, ...

  20. Kvartalis hapneb laene 300 miljoni eest / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Sampo Panga juhi Aivar Rehe sõnul suureneb tänavu üle 60päevaste viivislaenude osakaal ja keskmine laenude allahindluse maht ulatub 300 miljoni kroonini kvartali kohta. Vt. samas: Laenu allahindlus; Pangad püüavad esmalt heaga

  1. 1 küsimus noorele juhile : Kuidas on kõige parem tähtsad põhimõtted töötajateni viia? / Kaarel Oja, Reet Roos, Martin Hurt... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Teater NO99 tegevjuht Kaarel Oja, meediaagentuuri Inspired, tööõigusbüroo ja trükikoja Digiprint omanik Reet Roos, kaitseministeeriumi asekantsler Martin Hurt, SOL Eesti personalijuht Evely Ellert ning investeerimis- ja varahalduslahendusi pakkuva Sampo Life juhatuse liige Erkki Sadam

  2. Investeerimisfondide Ferrarid / Margo Kokerov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokerov, Margo, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Peeter Schamardin varahaldusfirmast Sampo Baltic Asset Management, SEB Ühispanga Fondide juht Sven Kunsing, Hansa Investeerimisfondide fondijuht Alvar Roosimaa, Suprema varahalduse juht Veikko Maripuu ning Trigon Capitali varahalduse juht Kristel Kivinurm-Priisalm investeerimisfondide tootlusest 2006. aastaks. Tabel: Möödunud aasta ralliässad

  3. Millele pöörate eluaseme ostmisel ja üürimisel tähelepanu?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Brüsselis tööd otsiv Kadri Kuusk, Sampo Panga koolitusosakonna juhataja Külli Meier, finantsinspektsiooni osakonnajuhataja Andre Nõmm, Riigikogu liige Meelis Atonen, Palivere lastekodu juhataja Külle Saar, Helsingis töötav arst Jaak Kiviloog, Narva kooliõpetaja Julia Ivanova, maksu- ja tolliameti peaspetsialist Tiiu Kilk

  4. Pangad nöörivad kaardimaksega ettevõtja kõri / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Konkurentsiamet uurib pankade poolt kaardimaksete pealt võetavaid vahendustasusid, mida kaupmehed peavad liiga suurteks. Diagramm: Kaardikeskusel hea rentaablus. Küsimustele vastab Sampo Panga juht Aivar Rehe. Kommenteerib Raulis Üksvärav. Vt. samas: Sularaha taandub visalt. Diagramm: Tehingud pangakaartidega

  5. Mae Hansen, girl who got herself a life / Mae Rebane ; intervjueerinud Kristina Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansen, Mae

    2011-01-01

    Ameerikas ärihariduse omandanud, pärast seda Eestis Sampo Pangas töötanud ja nüüd Taanis Danske Grupis töötav eestlanna oma tööst, töökorralduslikest erinevustest Eestis ja Taanis, eesmärkidest ja eraelust

  6. Director läks ja küsis / Reet Neemoja, Jaanika Kuusik, Riina Varts... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    MicroLinki personalijuht Reet Neemoja, Elioni personalijuht Jaanika Kuusik, Eesti Energia personalijuht Riina Varts, Rimi personalijuht Õrne Lainde ning Sampo panga personalijuht Liina Oks vastavad küsimustele, mis puudutavad nende suurimat tööalast õppetundi 2009. aastal ning kõige olulisemat 2010. aastal

  7. Estontsõ võkladõvajutsja bolshe, tshem jevropeitsõ / Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilk, Urve

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Juhtimiskonverentsil ütles London Business Scooli programmidirektor Andrew Mayo, et uuringute järgi kasutab töötaja igapäevatöös ainult 40% oma võimetest. Sampo Panga juht Aivar Rehe arvab, et töötajad panustavad umbes 75 protsendi ulatuses

  8. Kui palju töötaja töösse panustab? / Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilk, Urve

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Juhtimiskonverentsil ütles London Business Scooli programmidirektor Andrew Mayo, et uuringute järgi kasutab töötaja igapäevatöös ainult 40% oma võimetest. Sampo Panga juht Aivar Rehe arvab, et töötajad panustavad umbes 75 protsendi ulatuses

  9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) provides a superior tool for the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) provides a superior tool for the diagnosis of Pneumococcal Infection in Burkina Faso. Y Chaibou, M Congo/Ouedraogo, I Sanou, H Somlare, K Ouattara, CM Kienou, H Belem, E Sampo, SA Traore, R Traore/Ouedraogo, C Hatcher, L Mayer, X Wang, L Sangare ...

  10. Basel II - mis, milleks ja milliste mõjudega laenuvõtjatele?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk nr. 10 dets. lk. 6-7. Pankade kapitali adekvaatsuse uue raamistiku Basel II tulemuseks võiksid teoreetiliselt olla soodsamad intressid ja laenutingimused, suureneb turudistsipliini roll. Vt. samas: USA ei kiirusta Basel IIga; Mida muudab Basel II panga äriklientide jaoks? Küsimusele vastavad Sampo Panga finantsdirektor Ivar Pae ja SEB Ühispanga krediidi arenduse ja koolituse osakonna juhataja Jaanus Leemets; Kui palju omakapitali vajab pank laenukliendi krediidiriski katteks?

  11. ESO Reflex: A Graphical Workflow Engine for Data Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, R.; Romaniello, M.; Péron, M.; Ballester, P.; Gabasch, A.; Izzo, C.; Ullgrén, M.; Maisala, S.; Oittinen, T.; Solin, O.; Savolainen, V.; Järveläinen, P.; Tyynelä, J.

    2008-08-01

    Sampo {http://www.eso.org/sampo} (Hook et al. 2005) is a project led by ESO and conducted by a software development team from Finland as an in-kind contribution to joining ESO. The goal is to assess the needs of the ESO community in the area of data reduction environments and to create pilot software products that illustrate critical steps along the road to a new system. Those prototypes will not only be used to validate concepts and understand requirements but will also be tools of immediate value for the community. Most of the raw data produced by ESO instruments can be reduced using CPL {http://www.eso.org/cpl} recipes: compiled C programs following an ESO standard and utilizing routines provided by the Common Pipeline Library. Currently reduction recipes are run in batch mode as part of the data flow system to generate the input to the ESO VLT/VLTI quality control process and are also made public for external users. Sampo has developed a prototype application called ESO Reflex {http://www.eso.org/sampo/reflex/} that integrates a graphical user interface and existing data reduction algorithms. ESO Reflex can invoke CPL-based recipes in a flexible way through a dedicated interface. ESO Reflex is based on the graphical workflow engine Taverna {http://taverna.sourceforge.net} that was originally developed by the UK eScience community, mostly for work in the life sciences. Workflows have been created so far for three VLT/VLTI instrument modes ( VIMOS/IFU {http://www.eso.org/instruments/vimos/}, FORS spectroscopy {http://www.eso.org/instruments/fors/} and AMBER {http://www.eso.org/instruments/amber/}), and the easy-to-use GUI allows the user to make changes to these or create workflows of their own. Python scripts and IDL procedures can be easily brought into workflows and a variety of visualisation and display options, including custom product inspection and validation steps, are available.

  12. Electrical model of Olkiluoto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paananen, M.; Lehtonen, T.; Korhonen, K. (Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo (FI))

    2007-05-15

    The goal of this work is to construct a composite electrical model of Olkiluoto, focussing on integration of four separate geophysical methods: mise-a-la-masse (MAM), SAMPO EM soundings, Slingram (HLEM) and single-hole electrical soundings. The electrical structure of Olkiluoto is rather complex, dominated by mineral electrical conductors such as sulphide minerals and graphite. The basic idea of this work is the fact that the sulphide-rich zones and fracturing appear to coincide frequently. Accordingly, knowing the geometry of the major electric conductors would facilitate the interpretation of brittle deformation zones. The work consists of three separate phases: method-specific interpretation, integration and block modelling. In the single-hole interpretation, locations of electric conductors (resistivity < 1000 ohmm), based on long normal survey have been determined in 42 drillholes. Since MAM survey does not cover all the conductive sections and drillholes and SAMPO EM has its own limitations in sensitivity and resolution, a proportion of the conductive sections have been combined between the drillholes using only the single-hole data and the geological idea of features dipping gently to SE - S. The MAM survey has been done in numerous drillholes in order to find galvanic connections between the drillholes. Based on MAM, geometry of numerous electric conductors has been determined. Generally the results indicate continuous, gently dipping semiplanar features intersected by several drillholes. The Slingram survey and interpretation have been done on the ground surface to map electric conductors located at shallow depths (some tens of meters at maximum). A number of conductive zones have been delineated, trending mainly from ENE to WSW. The conductors have also been classified according to their in-phase/quadrature-ratio, and in some cases, also numerical modelling has been done. The SAMPO EM soundings and interpretations have been done to map subsurface electric

  13. Electrical model of Olkiluoto

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paananen, M.; Lehtonen, T.; Korhonen, K.

    2007-05-01

    The goal of this work is to construct a composite electrical model of Olkiluoto, focussing on integration of four separate geophysical methods: mise-a-la-masse (MAM), SAMPO EM soundings, Slingram (HLEM) and single-hole electrical soundings. The electrical structure of Olkiluoto is rather complex, dominated by mineral electrical conductors such as sulphide minerals and graphite. The basic idea of this work is the fact that the sulphide-rich zones and fracturing appear to coincide frequently. Accordingly, knowing the geometry of the major electric conductors would facilitate the interpretation of brittle deformation zones. The work consists of three separate phases: method-specific interpretation, integration and block modelling. In the single-hole interpretation, locations of electric conductors (resistivity < 1000 ohmm), based on long normal survey have been determined in 42 drillholes. Since MAM survey does not cover all the conductive sections and drillholes and SAMPO EM has its own limitations in sensitivity and resolution, a proportion of the conductive sections have been combined between the drillholes using only the single-hole data and the geological idea of features dipping gently to SE - S. The MAM survey has been done in numerous drillholes in order to find galvanic connections between the drillholes. Based on MAM, geometry of numerous electric conductors has been determined. Generally the results indicate continuous, gently dipping semiplanar features intersected by several drillholes. The Slingram survey and interpretation have been done on the ground surface to map electric conductors located at shallow depths (some tens of meters at maximum). A number of conductive zones have been delineated, trending mainly from ENE to WSW. The conductors have also been classified according to their in-phase/quadrature-ratio, and in some cases, also numerical modelling has been done. The SAMPO EM soundings and interpretations have been done to map subsurface electric

  14. Kuidas olla peresõbralik tööandja : muret valmistab erisoodustusmaks, kuid hoolivus on ülesanne number üks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Oma ettevõtte peresõbralikkusest ja paindlikkusest räägivad Kädi Vestberg HR factory OÜ-st, Kadri Johanson CV-Keskusest, Kati Oja reisibüroost Estravel, Helena Erm Scania Eesti AS-ist, Moonika Kähr kinnisvarafirmast Uus Maa, Liina Oks Sampo pangast, Reet Treial Balti Investeeringute Grupi Pank AS-ist, Ülle Matt elektroonikafirmast Elcoteq, Silvia Savik Nukuteatrist, Ülle Filin Tele2 Eesti AS-ist, Sirje Tammiste Sirje Tammiste Konsultandibüroost, Getri Järvsoo Fortum Termest AS-ist ja Kärt Kirso AS-ist Kalev Chocolate Factory

  15. Validation of CsNaIF data evaluation software. Final report on task FIN A940 on the Finnish support programme to IAEA safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaartinen, J.

    1996-07-01

    A new computer programme, called CsNaIF, which calculates the area of 137 Cs peak in spent fuel spectra has been developed for IAEA. This programme has been tested and evaluated in this report. Evaluation has been made by calculating different types of SFAT spectra (NaI- and CdTe-SFAT) with the validated software and with a research grade gamma spectroscopy software, SAMPO 90. Obtained results, mainly 137 Cs peak areas and their errors, have been compared and perceived differences have been reported. Also some recommendations of the usability of CsNaIF programme have been made for IAEA. (orig.) (4 refs.)

  16. The SKVR Database of Ancient Poems of the Finnish People in Kalevala Meter and the Semantic Kalevala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauri Harvilahti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay presents the principal aims of establishing a web-based infrastructure for epic research and demonstrates possibilities for using this infrastructure for textual research on epics. The web infrastructure discussed here has developed out of the Finnish Literature Society’s pioneering open-access digitized edition of Kalevala-meter poetry Suomen Kansan Vanhat Runot (“The Ancient Poems of the Finnish People”; 34 volumes, SKVR and the Semantic Kalevala, an electronic indexing of the Finnish national epic Kalevala that uses the Culture Sampo web portal.

  17. 4 maja lugu / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2006-01-01

    Keskaegses kaupmeheelamus Lai tänav 23 paikneb Tallinna Linnateater (taastamistööde juht Teddy Böckler). Endisesse raadiotehasesse Punane RET Tallinnas on ehitatud Sampo panga peakontor (arhitektid Jüri Okas ja Marika Lõoke). Tartus Munga tänaval Eesti Panga Tartu majas (arhitektid Arnold Matteus ja Karl Burman, uue ruumiprogrammi kavandajad Uko Künnap ja Aivar Roosaar) asub Eesti Vabariigi Haridusministeerium. Pärnus endises Herman Leopold Ammende eramus (Peterburi arhitektuuribüroo Mieritz & Gerassimov, renoveeris Aivar Roosaar) asub hotell

  18. Polyphenolic content, antiradical activity, stability and microbiological quality of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pliszka, Barbara

    2017-01-01

    The pharmaceutical and food industries expect detailed knowledge on the physicochemical properties of elderberry fruit extracts, their stability and microbiological quality, as well as the polyphenol content in elderberry cultivars. The characteristics of the extracts might be additionally modified by citric acid, which improves the stability of anthocyanins and protects processed fruits and syrups from pathogenic microorganisms. The choice of the method with citric acid was a consequence of the physicochemical charac teristics of elderberry pigments, which are not stable under the effect of light in alcoholic solutions. The aim of study was to analyze the properties of elderberry fruit extracts regarding polyphenol content and antiradical activity, as well as their stability and microbiological quality. The plant material consisted of fruit from four cultivars (Alleso, Korsor, Sampo, Samyl) of black elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.). The following were determined in fruit extracts: polyphe- nolic content (HPLC), antiradical activity (ABTS and DPPH) and stability and microbiological quality. The HPLC analysis of polyphenols demonstrated that the extracts from fruits collected from cv. Samyl had the highest 3-sambubioside cyanidin content and those from cv. Korsor contained the highest quantity of 3-glucoside cyanidin. The extracts from cv. Sampo fruit had a dominant 3-sambubioside-5-gluco- side cyanidin and 3,5-diglucoside cyanidin content. The highest quercetin (5.92 mg 100 mg-1 of extract) and caffeic acid (1.21 mg 100 mg-1 of extract) content was found in fruit extracts from cv. Alleso. The cultivars Samyl and Korsor had a higher level of anthocyanins and higher antiradical activity (ABTS) in fruit extracts than cv. Alleso and Sampo. The antiradical activity (DPPH) of fruit extracts from elderberry cultivars as- sessed in this research was similar. The degradation index for all fruit extracts was similar (DI = 1.035). The microbiological species detected in

  19. Expert system based radionuclide identification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Ala-Heikkil, J.J.; Hakulinen, T.T.; Nikkinen, M.T.

    1998-01-01

    An expert system coupled with the gamma spectrum analysis system SAMPO has been developed for automating the qualitative identification of radionuclides as well as for determining the quantitative parameters of the spectrum components. The program is written in C-language and runs in various environments ranging from PCs to UNIX workstations. The expert system utilizes a complete gamma library with over 2600 nuclides and 80,000 lines, and a rule base of about fifty criteria including energies, relative peak intensities, genesis modes, half lives, parent-daughter relationships, etc. The rule base is furthermore extensible by the user. This is not an original contribution but a somewhat updated version of papers and reports previously published elsewhere. (author)

  20. A digital processing method for the analysis of complex nuclear spectra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madan, V.K.; Abani, M.C.; Bairi, B.R.

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes a digital processing method using frequency power spectra for the analysis of complex nuclear spectra. The power spectra were estimated by employing modified discrete Fourier transform. The method was applied to observed spectral envelopes. The results for separating closely-spaced doublets in nuclear spectra of low statistical precision compared favorably with those obtained by using a popular peak fitting program SAMPO. The paper also describes limitations of the peak fitting methods. It describes the advantages of digital processing techniques for type II digital signals including nuclear spectra. A compact computer program occupying less than 2.5 kByte of memory space was written in BASIC for the processing of observed spectral envelopes. (orig.)

  1. A multi-channel microcomputer data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loureiro, J.S.

    1987-01-01

    A data acquisition system was developed in order to transfer automatically to a 64 kb microcomputer the data generated by a nuclear spectroscopy system in a multichannel analyser. The data in the memory are stored in a floppy disk and will be further used as data entry for any spectrum analysis program, eliminating the tedious work of manually digitizing the spectrum and the possible mistakes associated with it. The developed system connected a POLYMAX 201 DP microcomputer, under CP/M operational system, to a NUCLEAR DATA MODEL ND-65 multichannel analyser and was planned for either local spectrum analysis in the microcomputer using a simplified program, or remote analysis in a mainframe using the sophisticated analysis program SAMPO. With the present system, the time spent between printing out of the 4096 channels with the multichannel analyser printer and its corresponding introduction in the analysis program has been reduced from about 6 hours to less than 2 minutes. (author)

  2. Automated analysis for large amount gaseous fission product gamma-scanning spectra from nuclear power plant and its data mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weihua Zhang; Kurt Ungar; Ian Hoffman; Ryan Lawrie; Jarmo Ala-Heikkila

    2010-01-01

    Based on the Linssi database and UniSampo/Shaman software, an automated analysis platform has been setup for the analysis of large amounts of gamma-spectra from the primary coolant monitoring systems of a CANDU reactor. Thus, a database inventory of gaseous and volatile fission products in the primary coolant of a CANDU reactor has been established. This database is comprised of 15,000 spectra of radioisotope analysis records. Records from the database inventory were retrieved by a specifically designed data-mining module and subjected to further analysis. Results from the analysis were subsequently used to identify the reactor coolant half-life of 135 Xe and 133 Xe, as well as the correlations of 135 Xe and 88 Kr activities. (author)

  3. Automatic processing of gamma ray spectra employing classical and modified Fourier transform approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rattan, S.S.; Madan, V.K.

    1994-01-01

    This report describes methods for automatic processing of gamma ray spectra acquired with HPGe detectors. The processing incorporated both classical and signal processing approach. The classical method was used for smoothing, detecting significant peaks, finding peak envelope limits and a proposed method of finding peak limits, peak significance index, full width at half maximum, detecting doublets for further analysis. To facilitate application of signal processing to nuclear spectra, Madan et al. gave a new classification of signals and identified nuclear spectra as Type II signals, mathematically formalized modified Fourier transform and pioneered its application to process doublet envelopes acquired with modern spectrometers. It was extended to facilitate routine analysis of the spectra. A facility for energy and efficiency calibration was also included. The results obtained by analyzing observed gamma-ray spectra using the above approach compared favourably with those obtained with SAMPO and also those derived from table of radioisotopes. (author). 15 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs

  4. Processing of gamma-ray spectra employing a Fourier deconvolver for the analysis of complex spectra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madan, V.K.; Rattan, S.S.

    1996-01-01

    Processing of a nuclear spectrum e.g. gamma ray spectrum is concerned with the estimation of energies and intensities of radiation. The processing involves filtering, peak detection and its significance, baseline delineation, the qualitative and the quantitative analysis of singlets and multiplets present in the spectrum. The methodology for the analysis of singlets is well established. However, the analysis of multiplets provides a challenge and is a extremely difficult problem. This report incorporates a Fourier deconvolver for the quantitative analysis of doublets separated by more than a full width at half maximum. The method is easy to implement. The report discusses the methodology, mathematical analysis, and the results obtained by analyzing both synthetic and observed spectra. A computer program, developed for the analysis of a nuclear spectrum, was verified by analyzing a 152 Eu gamma ray spectrum. The proposed technique compared favourably with SAMPO and MDFT method. (author). 16 refs., 3 tabs

  5. UNISAMPO, comprehensive software for gamma-spectrum processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Routti, J.T.; Nikkinen, M.T.

    2001-01-01

    UNISAMPO is a new member of the SAMPO family of gamma-spectrum analysis programs running on Linux. Its portable graphical user interface relies on Tcl/Tk running an X-client, which obtains services from a X Window System server, allowing natural access to UNISAMPO over the Internet. UNISAMPO features a scripting ability for analyses of thousands of spectra. Peak search is based on stringent statistical criteria and peak fitting has optional step function under each peak of a multiplet. UNISAMPO will analyze 32K spectra with up to 2500 peaks, and 32 peaks in a single multiplet extending over a fitting interval of 1024 channels. It has an interface to the expert system SHAMAN for extensive peak interpretation and radionuclide identification. (author)

  6. Study of gamma ray analysis software's. Application to activation analysis of geological samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Luiz Roberto Nogueira da

    1998-01-01

    A comparative evaluation of the gamma-ray analysis software VISPECT, in relation to two commercial gamma-ray analysis software packages, OMNIGAM (EG and G Ortec) and SAMPO 90 (Canberra) was performed. For this evaluation, artificial gamma ray spectra were created, presenting peaks of different intensities and located at four different regions of the spectrum. Multiplet peaks with equal and different intensities, but with different channel separations, were also created. The results obtained showed a good performance of VISPECT in detecting and analysing single and multiplet peaks of different intensities in the gamma-ray spectrum. Neutron activation analysis of the geological reference material GS-N (IWG-GIT) and of the granite G-94, used in a Proficiency Testing Trial of Analytical Geochemistry Laboratories, was also performed , in order to evaluate the VISEPCT software in the analysis of real samples. The results obtained by using VISPECT were as good or better than the ones obtained using the other programs. (author)

  7. ESO Reflex: a graphical workflow engine for data reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Richard; Ullgrén, Marko; Romaniello, Martino; Maisala, Sami; Oittinen, Tero; Solin, Otto; Savolainen, Ville; Järveläinen, Pekka; Tyynelä, Jani; Péron, Michèle; Ballester, Pascal; Gabasch, Armin; Izzo, Carlo

    ESO Reflex is a prototype software tool that provides a novel approach to astronomical data reduction by integrating a modern graphical workflow system (Taverna) with existing legacy data reduction algorithms. Most of the raw data produced by instruments at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile are reduced using recipes. These are compiled C applications following an ESO standard and utilising routines provided by the Common Pipeline Library (CPL). Currently these are run in batch mode as part of the data flow system to generate the input to the ESO/VLT quality control process and are also exported for use offline. ESO Reflex can invoke CPL-based recipes in a flexible way through a general purpose graphical interface. ESO Reflex is based on the Taverna system that was originally developed within the UK life-sciences community. Workflows have been created so far for three VLT/VLTI instruments, and the GUI allows the user to make changes to these or create workflows of their own. Python scripts or IDL procedures can be easily brought into workflows and a variety of visualisation and display options, including custom product inspection and validation steps, are available. Taverna is intended for use with web services and experiments using ESO Reflex to access Virtual Observatory web services have been successfully performed. ESO Reflex is the main product developed by Sampo, a project led by ESO and conducted by a software development team from Finland as an in-kind contribution to joining ESO. The goal was to look into the needs of the ESO community in the area of data reduction environments and to create pilot software products that illustrate critical steps along the road to a new system. Sampo concluded early in 2008. This contribution will describe ESO Reflex and show several examples of its use both locally and using Virtual Observatory remote web services. ESO Reflex is expected to be released to the community in early 2009.

  8. COURSE D'ORIENTATION

    CERN Multimedia

    COURSE D'ORIENTATION

    2010-01-01

    Coupe d’automne Samedi 25 septembre, certains courageux ont osé affronter le temps pluvieux et frais et se sont rendus aux Pléiades pour participer à la quatrième étape de la coupe Genevoise d’automne. Le Club du CARE-Vevey avait préparé 5 jolis circuits : 3 techniques et 2 faciles. Félicitations à tous les concurrents et plus particulièrement aux vainqueurs de chaque parcours. Les résultats complets sont sur le site du club http://cern.ch/club-orientation. Technique long : 1. Samy Vaehaenen (CO CERN), 2. Clément Poncet (O’Jura), 3. Bernhard Wehrle (CO CERN). Technique moyen : 1. Sampo Vallotton (RTB), 2. Guillaume Ladine (RTB), 3. Anne Godel (CA Rosé). Technique court : 1. Miles Marston (Gimel), 2. Alison High (CARE Vevey), 3. Emese Szwuyog (CO CERN). Facile moyen : 1. Nicolas M&u...

  9. Analysis of As, Cr and Hg in crude oil sludge by using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Syazwani Mohd Fadzil; Khoo Kok Sionga, Amran Ab Majid; Sukiman Sarmani

    2009-01-01

    Environment are carrying toxic elements. The aim of this study was to determine As, Cr and Hg elements in crude oil sludge. In this study, crude oil sludge samples from a refining plant at Kerteh, Terengganu was carried out using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). The samples were packed and irradiated at the Malaysian Nuclear Agency reactor TRIGA Mark II. Later, the samples were counted using a HPGe detector and were analyzed using the SAMPO 90 software. The certified reference material (CRM) namely NBS Coal Fly Ash 1633a was used as a standard to obtain the concentration average using a comparative method. A total of 11 elements (i.e. As, Co, Cr, Fe, Ga, Hg, Mn, Na, Sc, Se and Sr) were determined in all samples. The concentrations of As, Cr and Hg were found to be in the range of 0-18.8, 98.2-124 and 52.8-57.9 μg.g -1 respectively. From the concentration of these elements, the results showed that the value for total As element is low but the values for the total Cr and Hg are considerable higher than the permissible value. However, almost all the potential environmental impacts can be controlled by sludge disposal options such as well-designed, carefully, efficiently and continuously managed, by following accepted guidelines and regulations. (Author)

  10. Application of the nuclide identification system SHAMAN in monitoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aarnio, P.A.; Ala-Heikkilae, J.J.; Hakulinen, T.T.; Nikkinen, M.T.

    1998-01-01

    SHAMAN is an expert for qualitative and quantitative radionuclide identification in gamma spectrometry. SHAMAN requires as input the calibrations, peak search, and fitting results from reliable spectral analysis software, such as SAMPO. SHAMAN uses a comprehensive reference library with 2600 radionuclides and 80 000 gamma-lines, as well as a rule base consisting of sixty inference rules. Identification results are presented both via an interactive graphical interface and in the form of configurable text reports. An organization has been established for monitoring the recent Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. For radionuclide monitoring, 80 stations will be set up around the world. Air-filter gamma-spectra will be collected from these stations on a daily basis and they will need to be reliably analyzed with minimum turnaround time. SHAMAN is currently being evaluated within the prototype monitoring system as an automated radionuclide identifier, in parallel with existing radionuclide identification software. In air-filter monitoring, very low concentrations of radionuclides are measured from bulky sources in close geometry and with long counting time. In this case true coincidence summing and self-absorption become important factors. SHAMAN is able to take into account these complicated phenomena, and the results it produces have been found to be very reliable and accurate. (author)

  11. Results of monitoring at Olkiluoto in 2011. Hydrogeochemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Penttinen, T.; Partamies, S.; Lahdenperae, A.-M.; Ahokas, T.; Lamminmaeki, T.; Lehtinen, A.

    2014-03-01

    -PP274 compared to the baseline data. Altogether 11 gas samples have been collected and analysed from 4 open drillholes and 6 different sampling points during the year 2011. The gas results correlated generally well with the baseline data. The evaluation of gas sampling results and the method used should be paid special attention in future. The results of the monitoring programme in ONKALO during the year 2011 have followed the predictable behaviour and remain mainly unchangeable in terms of samples collected from ONKALO. Of the groundwater stations the ONK-PVA6 still continues diluting trend and also groundwater station ONK-PVA9 intersecting BFZ045 dilutes slightly. The tendency of the isotopic compositions in samples taken from ONK-KR3 and ONK-KR4 towards Korvensuo isotopic composition suggesting that the proportion of water derived from the reservoir have become even in these drillholes at shallow depths in ONKALO. Also results ONK-PVA1 shows indications of incipient trending towards Korvensuo. SAMPO electromagnetic soundings (Gefinex S400) have given information of the resistivity changes in the bedrock as planned. These changes in the resistivity values are possibly due to the changes of the saline groundwater level. Unfortunately several sounding stations have become useless due to the constructions work in this area. At still there are several noiseless stations to use in the SAMPO monitoring. To the west of ONKALO the resistivity values have been decreasing and to the east of ONKALO increasing. The decreasing resistivity may indicate rising saline water level. It must be remembered that these observations are only from two modelled stations and it is not possible to say how local this phenomenon is. (orig.)

  12. Neutron activation studies of trace elements in tree rings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tout, R.E.; Gilboy, W.B.; Spyrou, N.M.

    1977-01-01

    The levels of twelve elements most of which are either considered essential to plant growth or have been detected in air filter samples in an air pollution survey have been monitored in three transverse sections of trees, two elms (ring-porous trees) and one cedar (a conifer). An irradiation time of 10 minutes and a waiting time of 1 minute were selected followed by a 10-minute count. The activated samples were placed on a specially shaped perspex disc situated on a 45-cm 3 Ge(Li) detector. The gamma-ray spectra were subsequently analysed on a 6600 computer, using the library program 'SAMPO' to which subroutines have been added for peak identification and for calculating the mass of elements present. All irradiations were carried out using a thermal neutron flux of 1.5x10 12 ncm -2 sec -1 . Two dimensional distributions of the elements around the tree rings of the section and radially from ring to ring, have been obtained to see if tree rings can be analysed for use as a record of historical pollution. Definite movement of most of these elements between the two main parts of the xylem has occured in all three trees. This makes it seem unlikely that any pollution products taken up from the atmosphere would be retained in the same ring in which they were originally accumulated. Exceptions may occur in the sapwood rings, where a few elements, especially Cl, show directional peaks which do not persist in the heartwood. (T.G.)

  13. Unisampo/shaman/linssi Automatic gamma-spectrum pipeline for nuclear emergency preparedness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Weihua; Kurt Ungar; Pertti Aainio; Jarmo Ala-Heikkila; Harri Toivonen; Teemu Siiskonen; Arto Isolankila; Antero Kuusi

    2005-01-01

    Linux System for Spectral Information (LINSSI) is an SQL database and established under Linux. It is being developed in collaboration with the Radiation Physics Group of Helsinki University of Technology (RPG/HUT), Finnish National Data Centre (FiNDC), Aerosol Laboratory of the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (ASL/STUK) and Radiation Protection Bureau of Health Canada (RPB/HC). The database is for environmental radiation monitoring and nuclear emergency preparedness purposes. It is designed not only for storage of information but it is also a platform for interfacing different analysis tools. The structure of database has been published and described at website http://www.hut.fi/Units/AES/projects/radphys/linssi/. It is created as a transparent database structure which could be used for different applications. Thus, other companies and organization are encouraged to provide software to handle and share the information in the database, both in the form of input and output. In January 2004, first LINSSI database released at STUK is compatible with UniSampo/Shaman. Unisampo is a peak analysis software with some identification capabilities; Shaman is the genuine nuclide identification software and also for activity calculation and Linssi is a MySQL database. Now the system is mainly focus on Gamma-ray spectrometry. After a short period of testing, this automatic pipeline becomes operational at PRB in April 2004. Currently daily Gamma spectrum information from all CTBT radionuclide monitoring stations have been processing automatically; at this moment more than 20 thousand cases have been stored in database. A www-based user interface, zero time calculation, station statistic analysis tool and ARR report scripts have been developed. In recent System-wide Performance Test (SPT) of CTBT, the pipeline played an important role at Canadian nuclear data center. With this system we can very easily report the automated, also the reviewed results to IDC based on

  14. IAEA intercomparison of methods for processing Ge(Li) gamma-ray spectra: a preliminary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parr, R.M.; Houtermans, H.; Schaerf, K.

    1979-01-01

    Nine spectra were provided, each covering an energy range of about 1 MeV and, with one exception, containing only well-separated single peaks; the exception was a spectrum containing double peaks. The intercomparison enables the user to test the ability of his methods: (1) to detect small peaks near the limit of detectability, (2) to determine the positions and areas of more easily detectable peaks, and (3) to determine the positions and areas of overlapping double peaks. A total of 212 sets of results was finally received for evaluation from 163 laboratories in 34 member states of the IAEA. For all the different types of tests involved, the methods reported covered a wide range of performance. Classification of these methods did not reveal any group offering a significantly restricted range of performance, though some groups of methods did appear, in the best hands, to be capable of producing better results than others: (1) for peak detection: visual methods and the use of the second derivative, (2) for peak-position (single peaks) determination: the fitting of a parabola or modified Gaussian function, and (3) for peak-area (single peaks) and peak-position and area (double peaks) determination: the fitting of a modified Gaussian function. Many methods reported gave either no estimates or poor estimates of error. With the exception of manual methods, the operating environment (e.g., large or small computer) did not appear to have any significant influence on the results. A comparison of four commonly used computer programs showed that the best results were obtained by SAMPO

  15. Results of Monitoring at Olkiluoto in 2009. Hydrogeochemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Penttinen, T.; Lahdenperae, A.-M.; Ahokas, T.; Partamies, S.; Kasa, S.; Pitkaenen, P.

    2011-01-01

    T 468 is a signal of saline groundwater upconing along HZ20B feature. The results of the monitoring programme in ONKALO during the year 2009 have followed the predictable behaviour and remained mainly unchangeable in terms of samples collected from ONKALO. The gas results from monitoring campaign of the year 2009 are more scattered than earlier, but does not show any remarkable changes compared to the baseline data. In 2009, noisy soundings were removed (15) and 3 new points were selected from the area to the east of ONKALO for the Sampo-EM monitoring programme. Comparing the 2004-2009 ARD curves, some of the new sounding curves have been slightly changed. Mostly the differences are caused by new man-made structures. According to Jokinen et al. (2009) the other changes due to for example altered ground water conditions are very small, the modelling carried out by GTK later shows that some results indicate possible changes also in the groundwater conditions. For instance the level of saline groundwater may be sinking in the eastern part, while it is rising on the western part. (orig.)

  16. Study of medical isotope production facility stack emissions and noble gas isotopic signature using automatic gamma-spectra analysis platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Weihua; Hoffmann, Emmy; Ungar, Kurt; Dolinar, George; Miley, Harry; Mekarski, Pawel; Schrom, Brian; Hoffman, Ian; Lawrie, Ryan; Loosz, Tom

    2013-04-01

    The nuclear industry emissions of the four CTBT (Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty) relevant radioxenon isotopes are unavoidably detected by the IMS along with possible treaty violations. Another civil source of radioxenon emissions which contributes to the global background is radiopharmaceutical production companies. To better understand the source terms of these background emissions, a joint project between HC, ANSTO, PNNL and CRL was formed to install real-time detection systems to support 135Xe, 133Xe, 131mXe and 133mXe measurements at the ANSTO and CRL 99Mo production facility stacks as well as the CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium) primary coolant monitoring system at CRL. At each site, high resolution gamma spectra were collected every 15 minutes using a HPGe detector to continuously monitor a bypass feed from the stack or CANDU primary coolant system as it passed through a sampling cell. HC also conducted atmospheric monitoring for radioxenon at approximately 200 km distant from CRL. A program was written to transfer each spectrum into a text file format suitable for the automatic gamma-spectra analysis platform and then email the file to a server. Once the email was received by the server, it was automatically analysed with the gamma-spectrum software UniSampo/Shaman to perform radionuclide identification and activity calculation for a large number of gamma-spectra in a short period of time (less than 10 seconds per spectrum). The results of nuclide activity together with other spectrum parameters were saved into the Linssi database. This database contains a large amount of radionuclide information which is a valuable resource for the analysis of radionuclide distribution within the noble gas fission product emissions. The results could be useful to identify the specific mechanisms of the activity release. The isotopic signatures of the various radioxenon species can be determined as a function of release time. Comparison of 133mXe and 133Xe activity

  17. Application of a method based on the measurement of radiation reflectance when estimating the sensitivity of selected grain maize hybrids to the herbicide CALLISTO 480 SC + ATPLUS 463

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Vondra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The application of methods based on measurements of photosynthesis efficiency is now more and more popular and used not only for the evaluation of the efficiency of herbicides but also for the estimation of their phytotoxicity to the cultivated crop. These methods enable to determine also dif­fe­ren­ces in the sensitivity of cultivars and/or hybrids to individual herbicides. The advantage of these methods consists above all in the speed and accuracy of measuring.In a field experiment, the sensitivity of several selected grain maize hybrids (EDENSTAR, NK AROBASE, NK LUGAN, LG 33.30 and NK THERMO to the herbicide CALLISTO 480 SC + ATPLUS 463 was tested for a period of three years. The sensitivity to a registered dose of 0.25 l . ha−1 + 0.5 % was measured by means of the apparatus PS1 meter, which could measure the reflected radiation. Measurements of sensitivity of hybrids were performed on the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 8th day after the application of the tested herbicide, i.e. in the growing stage of the 3rd–5th leaf. Plant material was harvested using a small-plot combine harvester SAMPO 2010. Samples were weighed and converted to the yield with 15 % of moisture in grain DM.The obtained three-year results did not demonstrate differences in sensitivity of tested hybrids to the registered dose of the herbicide CALLISTO 480 SC + ATPLUS 463 (i.e. 0.25 l . ha−1 + 0,5 %. Recorded results indicated that for the majority of tested hybrids the most critical were the 4th and the 5th day after the application; on these days the average PS1 values were the highest at all. In years 2005 and 2007, none of the tested hybrids exceeded the limit value 15 (which indicated a certain decrease in the efficiency of photosynthesis. Although in 2006 three of tested hybrids showed a certain decrease in photosynthetic activity (i.e. EDENSTAR and NK AROBASE on the 3rd day and NK LUGAN on the 2nd–4th day after the application, no visual symptoms