WorldWideScience

Sample records for p-u3 postdoc tuition

  1. Postdocs Attend Special Events during Postdoc Appreciation Week | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    NCI at Frederick postdocs were treated to special events by the Fellows and Young Investigators Committee during National Postdoc Appreciation Week, September 15–19. At the first Frederick fellows seminar of the fall on September 17, postdocs were invited to hear their colleagues present highlights of their research and stay for pizza and ice cream, compliments of the committee. Postdocs are also invited to a special networking event at Barley and Hops on September 24.

  2. Will Trustees Tame Tuition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.

    2001-01-01

    Explores reasons behind higher-than-inflation tuition increases at private colleges, the public interest in tuition rates at private institutions, and what trustees at private colleges and universities can do to bring tuition under control. (EV)

  3. Career Development among American Biomedical Postdocs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Kenneth D; McGready, John; Griffin, Kimberly

    2015-01-01

    Recent biomedical workforce policy efforts have centered on enhancing career preparation for trainees, and increasing diversity in the research workforce. Postdoctoral scientists, or postdocs, are among those most directly impacted by such initiatives, yet their career development remains understudied. This study reports results from a 2012 national survey of 1002 American biomedical postdocs. On average, postdocs reported increased knowledge about career options but lower clarity about their career goals relative to PhD entry. The majority of postdocs were offered structured career development at their postdoctoral institutions, but less than one-third received this from their graduate departments. Postdocs from all social backgrounds reported significant declines in interest in faculty careers at research-intensive universities and increased interest in nonresearch careers; however, there were differences in the magnitude and period of training during which these changes occurred across gender and race/ethnicity. Group differences in interest in faculty careers were explained by career interest differences formed during graduate school but not by differences in research productivity, research self-efficacy, or advisor relationships. These findings point to the need for enhanced career development earlier in the training process, and interventions sensitive to distinctive patterns of interest development across social identity groups.

  4. A step up for a few postdocs

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Dutch postdocs at the Netherlands Cancer Institute complained recently of their lack of research independance and poor career progress. As a result they are now getting a proper career structure. Other institutions should also tackle this problem before serious recruitment problems develop (1/2 p).

  5. Twenty Years' Development of the Postdoc Program at CAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Until recently, the concept of a postdoctoral scholar (postdoc) was new in China although it first appeared about 125 years ago, when Johns Hopkins University adopted an ap prenticeship model of high-level training.

  6. Workshop on Energy Research for Physics Graduate Students and Postdocs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cole, Ken

    2015-03-01

    One-day workshop for a small group of graduate students and post-docs to hear talks and interact with experts in a variety of areas of energy research. The purpose is to provide an opportunity for young physicists to learn about cutting-edge research in which they might find a career utilizing their interest and background in physics.

  7. Tuition Discounting for Revenue Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, institutionally-funded financial aid (or "tuition discounts") have been the fastest-growing item within most public four-year college and university operating budgets. One explanation for this trend is due to the changing structure of public colleges' revenue streams, as tuition and fees have replaced state appropriations as…

  8. Tuition Discounting for Revenue Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, institutionally-funded financial aid (or "tuition discounts") have been the fastest-growing item within most public four-year college and university operating budgets. One explanation for this trend is due to the changing structure of public colleges' revenue streams, as tuition and fees have replaced state appropriations as…

  9. Net Tuition Trends in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Andrew; Coleman, James; Zhong, Hans

    2008-01-01

    This report documents the latest trends in net tuition for American higher education. Affordability has become a topic of concern for many, but there is a lack of information on the relevant concepts of tuition, primarily published vs. net. This report seeks to shed light on this topic. While few doubt that published tuition rates (sticker price)…

  10. Graduating to Postdoc: Information-Sharing in Support of Organizational Structures and Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Richard M.; Lucas, Paul J.; Compton, Michael M.; Stewart, Helen J.; Baya, Vinod; DelAlto, Martha

    1999-01-01

    The deployment of information-sharing systems in large organizations can significantly impact existing policies and procedures with regard to authority and control over information. Unless information-sharing systems explicitly support organizational structures and needs, these systems will be rejected summarily. The Postdoc system is a deployed Web-based information-sharing system created specifically to address organizational needs. Postdoc contains various organizational support features including a shared, globally navigable document space, as well as specialized access control, distributed administration, and mailing list features built around the key notion of hierarchical group structures. We review successes and difficulties in supporting organizational needs with Postdoc

  11. Taxes, Tuition Fees and Education for Pleasure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Bo; Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    are unconstrained, the optimal tax/fee system involves regressive income taxes and high tuition fees. A progressive labor income tax system may, on the other hand, be a second-best response to politically constrained, low tuition fees. Finally, the existence of individuals with different abilities will also move...

  12. Tuition Discounting to Optimize Enrollment and Revenue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrott, Sarah A.

    2008-01-01

    As the borders between higher education systems continue to erode and competition for qualified students increases, many institutions are exploring variable pricing options, known in the USA as "tuition discounting." The goal of tuition discounting is to use institutional funds to attract and retain desired students while maximizing net…

  13. Adam Smith, Religion, and Tuition Tax Credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Kern

    1983-01-01

    Examines tuition tax credit programs in framework of Adam Smith's ideas on the economic impact of established churches. Finds that tuition tax credits would amount to state expenditures to relieve the financial burden of parochial school parents and would allow churches to invest commercially to maintain their charitable functions. (JW)

  14. Many Private Colleges Report Small Tuition Increases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geraghty, Mary

    1997-01-01

    Many private colleges are reporting the lowest percentage tuition increases in a decade or more, four to five% at many institutions, but most increases still outpace inflation. A major reason for increasing tuition is to meet rising demand for student aid. Also, many institutional expenses are higher than for the average consumer, and facilities…

  15. State Legislatures Debate Tuition for Illegal Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Josh

    2007-01-01

    With plans for a sweeping federal immigration bill stuck in Congress, Arizona and a growing number of states have decided to try to deal with the in-state-tuition issue themselves. This spring lawmakers in at least 22 states have already considered or are debating legislation concerning in-state tuition to illegal immigrants. In about half of…

  16. Adam Smith, Religion, and Tuition Tax Credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Kern

    1983-01-01

    Examines tuition tax credit programs in framework of Adam Smith's ideas on the economic impact of established churches. Finds that tuition tax credits would amount to state expenditures to relieve the financial burden of parochial school parents and would allow churches to invest commercially to maintain their charitable functions. (JW)

  17. The Impacts of State Control Policies on College Tuition Increase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mikyong Minsun; Ko, Jangwan

    2015-01-01

    This study examined state efforts to control tuition increases over the past 10 years. Using data from 50 states and 540 public 4-year universities and colleges, we examined average tuition increases in dollar amount and percentage of change by the type of state tuition control policy and by the authority for tuition-setting power. The state…

  18. Student Tuition Charges: Comparisons, Options, and Implications and An Appendix to Student Tuition Charges: Comparisons, Options, and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Porfirio R.

    National and state comparisons of tuition and fee charges, as well as various policy options presented to the New Mexico Commission on Higher Education, are provided. An introduction to tuition and fee calculation is followed by definitions of tuition, required student fees, and student residency status. A study of tuition and fees at New Mexico…

  19. Decentralized University Budgeting, United with a More Flexible Tuition Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fethke, Gary

    2014-01-01

    With tuition revenues replacing state appropriations as the primary source of public university funding, it becomes difficult for universities to use historically based budget allocations and inflexible tuition structures to subsidize high-cost programs. It is argued here that combining targeted subsidies with a flexible tuition structure and…

  20. The Effect of Tuition Increases on Business Student Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godek, John; Murray, Kyle B.; Karns, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Tuition increases have become all too common as states have cut spending to public institutions and private schools face declining enrollments. As such, understanding the effects of various methods of framing tuition increases is an important, but infrequently researched topic. The authors examine different ways to frame tuition increases…

  1. The Goals for Regulating College Tuition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xiaodong

    2009-01-01

    Regulation refers to governmental restrictions over enterprise in order to protect public interest. Research on governmental regulation in China primarily focuses on public utility, and inadequate attention has been paid to regulating college tuition. Currently, although the educational administrative agencies have successfully kept college…

  2. C-MORE Professional Development Training Program for Graduate Students and Post-Docs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, B. C.; DeLeo, F.; Bottjer, D.; Jungbluth, S.; Burkhardt, B.; Hawco, N.; Boiteau, R.

    2012-12-01

    The Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) is a National Science Foundation-sponsored Science and Technology Center. C-MORE comprises six partner institutions: University of Hawaii (headquarters), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Oregon State University, University of California at Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. C-MORE's Professional Development Training Program is aimed at equipping graduate students and post-docs at all six institutions with the skills and experiences needed to maximize their potential and succeed in their professional careers. This program is administered through the C-MORE Education Office and was developed in close collaboration with graduate students, post-docs, and faculty. This program has formal but flexible requirements. There is only one required module (Outreach). The seven optional modules include: Science Communication, Leadership, Mentoring, Teaching, Research Exchange, Diversity and Proposal Writing. Masters students choose three optional modules; Ph.D. students and post-docs choose five. Most modules consist of a training component, followed by a practical component. All participants will are expected to complete program evaluations. Below are some examples of program offerings: Science Communication Module In partnership with the Communication Partnership for Science and the Sea, C-MORE organized three Science Communication workshops at the University of Hawaii, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. These workshops train participants to distill their research into language that is free of jargon and accessible to a general audience. After the training, participants are asked to produce a communication product based on their research, such as a magazine article, press release, podcast or a blog. Diversity Module To date, C-MORE has organized three teleconferences on diversity, attended by

  3. ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS PRIVATE TUITION: A CASE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Tomba Chingthem; Laimayum David Sharma

    2015-01-01

    The present study attempts to explore the attitude of parents towards private tuition and its causes, effectiveness of private tuition and the problems on the lives of parents. From the result of the research the causes of increasing trend of private tuition are – overcrowded classroom and lack of individual attention in the school, heavy stress on academic performance, frequent bandhs, general strikes or blockade and other social issues, ineffective classroom teaching and rigid curriculum, e...

  4. 29 CFR 1949.1 - Policy regarding tuition fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... outreach trainer. (c) Additional exemptions may be made by the Director of the OSHA Training Institute on a... (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF TRAINING AND EDUCATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION OSHA Training Institute § 1949.1 Policy regarding tuition fees. (a) The OSHA Training Institute shall charge tuition...

  5. 42 CFR 136.373 - Scholarship and tuition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scholarship and tuition. 136.373 Section 136.373... J-8-Health Professions Pregraduate Scholarship Program for Indians § 136.373 Scholarship and tuition. (a) Scholarship grant awards under this subdivision shall consist of: (1) A stipend of $400 per...

  6. 42 CFR 136.323 - Scholarship and tuition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scholarship and tuition. 136.323 Section 136.323... J-3-Health Professions Preparatory Scholarship Program for Indians § 136.323 Scholarship and tuition. (a) Scholarship grant awards under this subdivision shall consist of: (1) A stipend of $400 per...

  7. Tuition Discounting: The Impact of Institutionally Funded Financial Aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbell, Loren Loomis

    This report presents a model and an approach that institutions of higher education can use to analyze and project the impact of endogenous and exogenous factors on both net and gross tuition in the context of the increasing practice of tuition discounting. It is noted that two key questions drive this effort: (1) what influence does gross tuition…

  8. Public and Private Schools: Evidence on Tuition Tax Credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catterall, James S.; Levin, Henry M.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the conclusion reached by Coleman, Hoffer and Kilgore in their report "Public and Private Schools" that tuition tax credits would increase minority and low-income family participation in private, secondary schools. The implications of estimates of enrollment changes from tuition tax credits are analyzed. (AM)

  9. Battle Continues over In-State Tuition for Illegal Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilroy, Marilyn

    2009-01-01

    Ten states now offer in-state college tuition rates to illegal immigrant students. Others are struggling to enact similar policies. But while many advocates want to open the doors to higher education for undocumented students, critics say the laws granting in-state tuition discriminate against other low-income students and legal residents of the…

  10. 'Ike Wai Professional Development Model for Students and Post-docs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, B. C.

    2016-12-01

    'Ike Wai: Securing Hawaii's Water Future, funded by NSF EPSCoR, is an interdisciplinary research collaboration among geophysicists, geochemists, engineers, microbiologists, computational modelers, data scientists and social scientists. Key questions include: How much water is there? How does it flow? How long will it last? Undergraduate students, graduate students and post-docs are actively involved in the research, and their professional development is a key part of the project. An underlying principle is that students assume responsibility for their own learning and professional development. Based on the model created by the NSF Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) (Bruno et al, 2008; Guannel et al 2014, Bottjer et al 2014), the 'Ike Wai professional development program includes (1) Leadership. Each student and post-doc creates an Individualized Professional Development plan, which includes leadership training (provided by external facilitators) and assuming leadership roles (such as developing and implementing trainings for their peers). (2) EDventures. Based on the C-MORE model, EDventures combines proposal-writing training with the incentive of seed money. Rather than providing training a priori, the EDventures model encourages students and post-docs to write a proposal based on guidelines provided. Training occurs during a two-stage review stage: proposers respond to panel reviews and resubmit their proposal within a single review cycle. C-MORE EDventures alumni self-report statistically significant confidence gains on all questions posed. Their subsequent proposal success is envious: of the 12 proposals submitted by to NSF, 50% were funded. (Wood Charlson & Bruno, 2015) (3) Layered Mentoring Network. All ´Ike Wai participants serve as both mentor and mentee. Students are matched with a non-research mentor in addition to their advisor to promote a holistic approach to career development. They will also serve as mentors to more

  11. A Study of the Tuition of Middle Schools in Prwear Tokyo Prefecture

    OpenAIRE

    烏田, 直哉

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to clarifying the tuition in middle schools at the prewar Tokyo prefecture. The tuition differed between the public schools and the private schools. In the 1890s, most expenses required for management of middle schools was provided with tuition in both private amd public schools. At this time, the tuition of public schools was higher than the private schools. After 1900 tuition of public schools became cheaper than private schools. As expenses of public schools, i...

  12. The Integrated Marine Postdoc Network: Support for postdoctoral researchers in marine sciences in Kiel, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braker, Gesche; Schelten, Christiane K.

    2016-04-01

    Despite the important role postdoctoral researchers play in the German academic system their status is largely undefined: Being challenged by a multitude of tasks, their employment situation is often characterized by short term contracts and a well-defined and articulated academic career path is lacking. Moreover, their employment situation becomes increasingly insecure as the time post Ph.D. increases unless they manage to shift into a tenured professorship or into similar opportunities in the non-academic employment sector. All this results in insecurity in terms of career perspectives. The support of postdoctoral researchers through the 'Integrated Marine Postdoc Network (IMAP)' has been identified as one of the strategic goals of the Cluster of Excellence 'The Future Ocean' in Kiel, Germany, a large collaborative research project funded through the German Excellence Initiative. To improve the situation of researchers post Ph.D., IMAP has identified three main actions: Building a vibrant community of postdoctoral researchers, engaging in a strategic dialogue on structural changes within the academic system in Germany with special emphasis on more predictable career paths below the professorship level and enhancing the competitiveness of postdoctoral researchers in marine sciences in Kiel through tailored schemes for career support. Since 2012 IMAP has developed into a vibrant network of researchers post Ph.D. who engage in the diverse disciplines of marine sciences in Kiel - in natural, social and medical sciences, computing, economics, and law. With currently more than 90 members working at one of the partner institutions of the Cluster in Kiel - Kiel University, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, and the Institute for the World Economy the network hosts broad scientific expertise in integrated ocean research. It is professionally coordinated and operates at the interface between the partner institutions and large scale collaborative research projects

  13. Pricing and University Autonomy: Tuition Deregulation in Texas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeongeun Kim

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates changes in tuition policies in the wake of tuition deregulation in Texas, which in 2003 transferred tuition-setting authority from the state legislature to institutions. We find that price increases accelerated, particularly at the most selective institutions. Institutions also began differentiating price by undergraduate program, raising relative prices for the most costly and lucrative majors, including engineering, business, nursing, and architecture. Price increases were particularly large for institutions with the highest initial costs and for programs with a high earnings premium within institutions, though lower for institutions with more low-income students. These distinctions suggest that public postsecondary institutions respond to microeconomic incentives when given greater autonomy to set price, and take some measures to alleviate impacts on low-income students. The Texas experience suggests that decentralized price-setting generates greater price differentiation within the public higher education system, both across and within institutions.

  14. Tuition Prepurchase Plans: Why They're Needed and What's at Stake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Richard E.

    1987-01-01

    The current high rate of tuition inflation and the low rate of savings by parents for future college costs is fueling interest in tuition prepurchase plans that guarantee the price of college years in advance. Middle class interest, educational risks, investments vs. tuition, and tax issue are discussed. (MLW)

  15. Town Tuitioning in Maine: Parental Choice of Secondary Schools in Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddaus, John; Mirochnik, Denise A.

    1992-01-01

    Explores the issue of school choice as it pertains to town tuitioning in Maine. Includes the historical development of town tuitioning and current patterns by region and school type. Argues that town tuitioning provides substantial numbers of rural high school students and their parents with opportunities to choose high schools. (KS)

  16. Educational Quality, Access, and Tuition Policy at State Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seneca, Joseph J.; Taussig, Michael K.

    1987-01-01

    A quantitative study of the relationship between educational quality, access, and tuition rates at state universities suggests that these institutions face a trade-off between the goals of improving educational program quality and providing greater access, but that increases in student financial aid can improve access. (MSE)

  17. Fixing the Net Tuition Revenue Dilemma: The Dickinson College Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massa, Robert J.; Parker, Annette S.

    2007-01-01

    This chapter describes how Dickinson College, guided by a strategic plan, addressed its net tuition revenue problem through effective decision support, marketing and branding approaches, and pricing and financial aid strategies. The college's strategic plan guides allocation of resources toward fulfilling the college's purpose of providing an…

  18. A Tuition Bubble? Lessons from the Housing Bubble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Systemic increases in tuition across the board indicate that the structure of the higher education market plays a fundamental role in encouraging these increases. Part of the problem is that public policy attempts to subsidize attendance for too many students on the assumption that this will increase access to higher education. These subsidies,…

  19. The Tuition Advance Fund: A Proposal for Funding Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silber, John R.

    Some of the faults and values implied by present methods of financing higher education are examined, and new financial arrangements are proposed. Problems with the current system include: the price to the consumer of higher education in relation to its cost of production, tuition gaps among schools, and evaluating the price in relation to value of…

  20. Global Tuition Pricing: An In-Depth Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupp, Jason W.

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine if there is a relationship between select pricing schemes used throughout the world and positive social outcomes. The rising costs of college tuition and escalating student debt has raised the concern about how students should pay for financing their education and whether the current system is the most…

  1. Segregating Schools: The Foreseeable Consequences of Tuition Tax Credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yale Law Journal, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Argues that the effect of a proposed tuition tax credit is school segregation, creating serious constitutional objections under the due process clause. A voucher system would avoid these constitutional objections. Available from the Yale Law Journal, 401A Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520. (Author/IRT)

  2. Racing for What? Anticipation and Acceleration in the Work and Career Practices of Academic Life Science Postdocs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Müller

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of contemporary new public management, the temporalities of academic work have undergone significant transformations. One key feature of these changes is a perceived acceleration of working pace. While this phenomenon is widely acknowledged in scholarship about the transforming universities, to date there are only few studies investigating its empirical details. Building on qualitative interviews with 38 postdoctoral life scientists in Austria, this article investigates how these researchers experience the temporalities of their work and career practices. Postdocs are particularly susceptible to the changing demands of academic work life, as they mostly inhabit fragile institutional positions while they aspire to establish themselves in academia. The experience of being in a highly competitive race that requires a continuously accelerating working pace as well as a strong focus on individual achievement is central to their narratives about working for a career in academia. Drawing on recent scholarship on anticipation (ADAMS, MURPHY & CLARKE, 2009, acceleration (ROSA, 2003 and the entrepreneurial self (BRÖCKLING, 2007, I develop the concepts of anticipatory acceleration and latent individualization to analytically capture postdocs' experiences of temporalities in the context of their work and career practices. In conclusion I discuss the possible impacts of these particular temporal orientations for the contents and formats of academic knowledge production and ask in how far concepts and movements such as "slow science" help to address effects and problems of these specific forms of acceleration and anticipation. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1403150

  3. Mother Tongue Tuition in Sweden - Curriculum Analysis and Classroom Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne REATH WARREN

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The model of Mother Tongue Tuition (MTT which has developed in Sweden since the 1970’s offers speakers of languages other than Swedish the opportunity to request tuition in their mother tongue, from kindergarten through to year 12. It is unique among the major immigrant-receiving countries of the world yet little is known about MTT and its syllabus outside of its Nordic context. This article examines the syllabus for MTT from two perspectives; firstly using the framework of Constructive Alignment, secondly from the perspective of what is hidden. The intended syllabus is revealed as well-aligned, but the hidden curriculum impedes successful enactment in many contexts. Examples from case studies in a larger on-going research project offer an alternate approach to syllabus implementation when the negative effects of the hidden curriculum are challenged. While highly context-specific, this model may represent a step in the right direction for implementation of the syllabus.

  4. Income taxation, tuition subsidies, and choice of occupation

    OpenAIRE

    Bjertnæs, Geir Haakon

    2006-01-01

    Abstract: Differentiated tax rates on labor and capital income are found to be optimal in this study, where agents choose occupation based on lifetime income net of tuition costs. Efficient revenue raising in a case where the government can not observe educational effort implies that the government should trade off efficiency in production for efficiency in intertemporal consumption. The subsequent wage difference between high and low-skilled occupations is increased compared t...

  5. Price Elasticity of Per-Credit-Hour Tuition Charges and the Effects on Four-Year Graduation Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMoranville, Carol W.; O'Donnell, Paula Bogott

    2001-01-01

    Examined whether changing tuition rates to a sliding scale based on the number of credit hours taken will increase 4-year graduation rates. Found that a sliding tuition rate scale does not increase 4-year graduation rates. (EV)

  6. 26 CFR 25.2503-6 - Exclusion for certain qualified transfer for tuition or medical expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... education. No unlimited exclusion is permitted for amounts paid for books, supplies, dormitory fees, board... tuition payment directly to a foreign university on behalf of B. A had no legal obligation to make this payment. The foreign university is described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) of the Code. A's tuition...

  7. The Impact of Rising Tuition on the Low Income and Minority Populations of Arizona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubi, David C.

    A study was conducted to determine whether college tuition increases in Arizona were placing a disproportionate burden on individuals at lower income levels. Statistical data from the 10-year census reports were analyzed to calculate tuition as a percentage of per capital income for the following groups: total population, White non-Hispanics,…

  8. Mother Tongue Tuition in Sweden--Curriculum Analysis and Classroom Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reath Warren, Anne

    2013-01-01

    The model of Mother Tongue Tuition (MTT) which has developed in Sweden since the 1970's offers speakers of languages other than Swedish the opportunity to request tuition in their mother tongue, from kindergarten through to year 12. It is unique among the major immigrant-receiving countries of the world yet little is known about MTT and its…

  9. Determining a Relationship between Higher Education Financial Position and Tuition Discount Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, Julianna

    2013-01-01

    Institutions have increased the practice of tuition discounting, that is, the strategic use of price discrimination. During the past 30 years, both the average percent discount given to students and the proportion of students receiving tuition breaks have increased. As this practice has increased, there are financial determinants and implications…

  10. Low-Income Engineering Students: Considering Financial Aid and Differential Tuition

    Science.gov (United States)

    George-Jackson, Casey E.; Rincon, Blanca; Martinez, Mariana G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between tuition differentials and low-income students in Engineering fields at two public, research-intensive universities. Although current reports indicate the need for increased participation within the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields, rising tuition prices at the university…

  11. Tuition and Fee Policy Recommendations, 1981-1983. Report No. 81-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, Denis J.; Fischer, Norman M.

    Comprehensive recommendations concerning tuition and fee policy for Washington public institutions of higher education are presented, based on 1981-83 rates calculated in compliance with statutory requirements. Under the new recommendations, the combined tuition and operating fees for resident undergraduate students at the University of Washington…

  12. Net Tuition and Net Price Trends in the United States: 2000-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Andrew; Robe, Jonathan; Garrett, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    While the most visible measure of college costs is published tuition, because of financial aid, this "sticker price" does not necessarily reflect the costs that students and their families actually pay. To the extent that students and their families are concerned about what costs they will need to pay to cover tuition charges, the relevant measure…

  13. 38 CFR 21.7075 - Entitlement to tuition assistance top-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Entitlement to tuition assistance top-up. 21.7075 Section 21.7075 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS... Program (Montgomery GI Bill-Active Duty) Entitlement § 21.7075 Entitlement to tuition assistance...

  14. The Impact of Tuition Increases on Undocumented College Students' Schooling Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, Dylan

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of a short-lived increase in tuition rates on undocumented college students' schooling decisions. In the spring of 2002, the City University of New York (CUNY) reversed its policy of charging in-state tuition rates to undocumented college students who could demonstrate that they migrated to New York at a relatively…

  15. Tuition Fee Policies in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Political Rationales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcucci, Pamela N.; Johnstone, D. Bruce

    2007-01-01

    As governments are increasingly turning to cost sharing in order to meet the growing demand for, and decreasing government investment in, public higher education, the choice among different tuition fee policies becomes of great importance. Tuition fee policies and the financial assistance policies that accompany them are critical both for the very…

  16. Legislative Agenda Setting for In-State Resident Tuition Policies: Immigration, Representation, and Educational Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLendon, Michael K.; Mokher, Christine G.; Flores, Stella M.

    2011-01-01

    Few recent issues in higher education have been as contentious as that of legislation extending in-state college tuition benefits to undocumented students, initiatives now known as in-state resident tuition (ISRT) policies. Building on several strands of literature in political science and higher education studies, we analyze the effects of…

  17. A Regional Study of Attitudes toward Public Schools, Private Schools and Tuition Tax Credits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, John H.; Woodson, Marvin C., Jr.

    A questionnaire survey of 982 people in 4 shopping malls in the Piedmont region of South Carolina sought to assess public attitudes about the quality of public and private schools, proposed federal tuition tax credit legislation, tax support for private schools, and outcomes should tuition tax credits be adopted. Respondents were asked to "grade"…

  18. The International Market for MBA Qualifications: The Relationship between Tuition Fees and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Caroline; Soo, Kwok Tong

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between tuition fees charged by MBA programmes and the number of applications to these programmes, using a panel dataset comprising universities from countries across the world. Using Three-Stage-Least-Squares methods for simultaneous equations, we find a two-way relationship between tuition fees and…

  19. Analyzing Revenue Contribution Ratios: Net versus Gross Tuition and Fees Revenue Contribution Ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenny, Hans H.; Minter, W. John

    1994-01-01

    It is argued that analysis of tuition and fees revenue contributions can enable colleges and universities to develop pricing, admissions, and student aid policies that produce desired financial outcomes. Long-term trends of three tuition and fees revenue contribution ratios are explained and illustrated. (MSE)

  20. Tuition Fees and the Time to Graduation: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruckmeier, Kerstin; Fischer, Georg-Benedikt; Wigger, Berthold U.

    2015-01-01

    We used the recent introduction of general tuition fees at public universities in several of the German federal states as a natural experiment to identify whether tuition fees reduce the time to graduation and the extent to which they do so. We employed a difference-in-differences approach with the states that introduced fees as the treatment…

  1. A Survey of Tuition-Free English Major Students' Use of Language Learning Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jianfeng

    2013-01-01

    In order to have a clear understanding of the differences between tuition-free students and non-tuition-free students in the strategies they employ and to prepare for the conduction of the Language Learning Strategy Course to the two groups of students, the author decided to conduct a survey as to the students' current use of language learning…

  2. The International Market for MBA Qualifications: The Relationship between Tuition Fees and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Caroline; Soo, Kwok Tong

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between tuition fees charged by MBA programmes and the number of applications to these programmes, using a panel dataset comprising universities from countries across the world. Using Three-Stage-Least-Squares methods for simultaneous equations, we find a two-way relationship between tuition fees and…

  3. The Cost of a Tuition Tax Credit Reconsidered in the Light of New Evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Donald E.

    1982-01-01

    Using regression analysis on 1976-78 data from the National Center for Education Statistics, the author estimates demand and supply elasticities for nonpublic school tuition and enrollment. Application of the elasticities to data from a 1978 study indicates that federal tuition tax credits would be more costly than previously projected. (Author/RW)

  4. 25 CFR 170.176 - Where can tribes get scholarships and tuition for Indian LTAP-sponsored education and training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Where can tribes get scholarships and tuition for Indian... tribes get scholarships and tuition for Indian LTAP-sponsored education and training? Tribes can get tuition and scholarship assistance for Indian LTAP-sponsored education and training from the...

  5. Investigating the status of supplementary tuition in the teaching and learning of mathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mogari

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The study seeks to investigate the status of supplementary tuition in the teaching and learning of mathematics and mathematical literacy. The study followed a descriptive survey design involving the use of learner and teacher questionnaires. A convenient sample of mathematics and mathematical literacy teachers together with a stratified sample of their Grade 11 learners were drawn from a purposive sample of highperforming high schools in the East London district of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The results show that supplementary tuition is popular, especially among girls, and it is in three forms (i.e. private tuition, vacation school and problem-solving classes: Problemsolving classes dominated by working on past/model examination papers is the most preferred; in some instances supplementary tuition is offered for a fee; it is not only confined to poor performing learners; and participation in supplementary tuition is influenced by a variety of factors.

  6. ANALYSIS OF TUITION GROWTH RATES BASED ON CLUSTERING AND REGRESSION MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long Cheng

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Tuition plays a significant role in determining whether a student could afford higher education, which is one of the major driving forces for country development and social prosperity. So it is necessary to fully understand what factors might affect the tuition and how they affect it. However, many existing studies on the tuition growth rate either lack sufficient real data and proper quantitative models to support their conclusions, or are limited to focus on only a few factors that might affect the tuition growth rate, failing to make a comprehensive analysis. In this paper, we explore a wide variety of factors that might affect the tuition growth rate by use of large amounts of authentic data and different quantitative methods such as clustering and regression models.

  7. Challenges of Tuition fee’s decision: Private Universities case in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besa Shahini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study assesses Challenges that Private Universities in Kosovo face when employing tuition fee strategies. Data are collected on May - June 2012 through in-depth interview and questioners with supervisors and students of three Private Universities in Kosovo. As of low purchasing power of students and overall economic crises in Kosovo, students are very sensitive to pricing strategies employed and according to fee they evaluate before and after -enrollment assessment. Students’ academic expectations are much higher relative to their low tuition requirements. In transition economies, employing tuition strategies that satisfy both Universities and students is a challenge for higher educational institutions.

  8. POSTDOC : THE HUMAN OPTIMIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    Satish Gajawada

    2013-01-01

    This paper is dedicated to everyone who is interested in the Artificial Intelligence. John Henry Holland proposed Genetic Algorithm in the early 1970s. Ant Colony Optimization was proposed by Marco Dorigo in 1992. Particle Swarm Optimization was introduced by Kennedy and Eberhart in 1995. Storn and Price introduced Differential Evolution in 1996. K.M. Passino introduced Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm in 2002. In 2003, X.L. Li proposed Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm....

  9. Analysis of the Tuition Assistance Program: does the method of instruction matter in TA classes?

    OpenAIRE

    Mehay, Stephen L; Pema, Elda

    2010-01-01

    The Navy's Tuition Assistance (TA) program subsidizes the tuition costs of off-duty college classes for Navy personnel. Although prior studies have investigated the effect of completing college courses via TA on enlisted retention and promotion (Mehay and Pema, 2009), no prior study has examined the effect of the instructional methods in the courses taken via TA. Interest in course delivery methods has been stimulated by the rapid growth in online TA classes. This study analyzes the effects o...

  10. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION THROUGH THE FREE TUITION PROGRAM FOR NEW STUDENTS IN SOUTH SULAWESI

    OpenAIRE

    IBRAHIM, MUHAMMAD AKMAL; Aslinda, Aslinda; Ikramullah, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    In implementing the mandate of Law No. 32 Year of 2004 on the regional autonomy, particularly in the field of education, the Governor of South Sulawesi Province take immediate measures to launch the policy package program of ???Free Tuition Fee (SPP)??? for two semesters for new students in public or private universities in the province. The purpose of the current study was to describe the "Free Tuition Fee Program" by using the theory of Edward III consisting of how the program is communicat...

  11. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION THROUGH THE FREE TUITION PROGRAM FOR NEW STUDENTS IN SOUTH SULAWESI

    OpenAIRE

    IBRAHIM, MUHAMMAD AKMAL

    2017-01-01

    - In implementing the mandate of Law No. 32 Year of 2004 on the regional autonomy, particularly in the field of education, the Governor of South Sulawesi Province take immediate measures to launch the policy package program of ???Free Tuition Fee (SPP)??? for two semesters for new students in public or private universities in the province. The purpose of the current study was to describe the "Free Tuition Fee Program" by using the theory of Edward III consisting of how the program is commu...

  12. Methods and successes of New York University workshops for science graduate students and post-docs in science writing for general audiences (readers and radio listeners)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, S. S.

    2012-12-01

    Scientists and science administrators often stress the importance of communication to the general public, but rarely develop educational infrastructures to achieve this goal. Since 2009, the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University has offered a series of basic and advanced writing workshops for graduate students and post-docs in NYU's eight scientific divisions (neuroscience, psychology, physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, anthropology, and computer science). The basic methodology of the NYU approach will be described, along with successful examples of both written and radio work by students that have been either published or broadcast by general interest journalism outlets.

  13. The Effects of Different Loan Schemes for Higher Education Tuition: An Analysis of Rates of Return and Tuition Revenue in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Bruce; Lounkaew, Kiatanantha

    2009-01-01

    In recent times there has been considerable change and instability with respect to Thailand student loans policy. The contribution of what follows is to compare and contrast the consequences of disparate possible approaches to the payment of tuition in two main respects: the effect on internal rates of return for higher education investments; and…

  14. Educational "When," "Where," and "How" Implications of In-State Resident Tuition Policies for Latino Undocumented Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darolia, Rajeev; Potochnick, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the effects of in-state resident tuition (IRT) policies, which allow undocumented immigrants to pay in-state rather than out-of state tuition, on when and where undocumented immigrant students enroll, and how they finance their education. We identify effects based on differences in pre- and post-policy outcomes…

  15. Tuition and Fees and Tax Revolt Provisions: Exploring State Fiscal Policy Impacts Using Fixed-Effects Vector Decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serna, Gabriel Ramom

    2012-01-01

    It is arguably the case that one of the most pressing issues in higher education finance is the increasing price of obtaining a college education, and, more specifically, rising tuition and fees. Because state support to public higher education and tuition and fees at publicly supported colleges and universities have been shown to share an inverse…

  16. 75 FR 66193 - Post-9/11 GI Bill 2010-2011 Tuition and Fee In-State Maximums

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... AFFAIRS Post-9/11 GI Bill 2010-2011 Tuition and Fee In-State Maximums AGENCY: Department of Veterans... GI Bill tuition and fee in-State maximum rates for the 2010- 2011 academic year. The Post-9/11 GI... amounts payable for training pursued under the Post-9/11 GI Bill after July 31, 2010, and before August 1...

  17. 77 FR 76169 - Increase in Maximum Tuition and Fee Amounts Payable under the Post-9/11 GI Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... AFFAIRS Increase in Maximum Tuition and Fee Amounts Payable under the Post-9/11 GI Bill AGENCY: Department... of the increase in the Post-9/11 GI Bill maximum tuition and fee amounts payable and the increase in.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: For the 2011-2012 academic year, the Post-9/ 11 GI Bill allowed VA to pay the actual...

  18. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Enrollment and Location Choice: Interregional Migration, Border Effects and Gender Differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Bjoern

    This paper investigates the effects of tuition fees on the university enrollment and location decision of high school graduates in Germany. After a Federal Constitutional Court decision in 2005, 7 out of 16 German federal states introduced tuition fees for higher education. In the empirical...

  19. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Enrollment and Location Choice – Interregional Migration, Border Effects and Gender Differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alecke, Björn; Burgard, Claudia; Mitze, Timo

    This paper investigates the effects of tuition fees on the university enrollment and location decision of high school graduates in Germany. After a Federal Constitutional Court decision in 2005, 7 out of 16 German federal states introduced tuition fees for higher education. In the empirical...

  20. Pre-University Tuition in Science and Technology Can Influence Executive Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, Marta; Arias, Natalia; Menéndez, José R.; Villar, José R.; Neira, Ángel; Romano, Pedro V.; Núñez, José Carlos; Arias, Jorge L.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Scientific and technological areas include tuition based on highly visuo-spatial specialization and problem solving. Spatial skills and problem solving are embedded in a curriculum that promotes understanding of Science and technical subjects. These abilities are related to the development of executive functions (EFs). We aim to…

  1. Florida's Prepaid College Tuition Program: Marketing a Pre-Need Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauff, Joseph F., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    A discussion of Florida's college tuition prepayment program describes the plan and its options and examines its marketing implications as a preneed service. It is concluded that the program makes saving for college easy, economical, and completely safe but requires rethinking of conventional marketing strategies and mix. (MSE)

  2. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Mobility: The UK and Ireland as a Natural Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakeling, Paul; Jefferies, Katie

    2013-01-01

    We exploit changes in student funding policies across the four UK nations and the Republic of Ireland to conduct a natural experiment investigating the marginal effect of differing tuition fee levels on students' enrolment behaviour. Whilst previous international research suggests increases in fees suppress demand and disincentivise cross-border…

  3. Singing in Primary Schools: Case Studies of Good Practice in Whole Class Vocal Tuition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Alexandra; Daubney, Alison; Spruce, Gary

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of British initiatives in music education such as the Wider Opportunities programme in England and the recommendations of the Music Manifesto emphasising the importance of singing in primary schools, the current paper explores examples of good practice in whole-class vocal tuition. The research included seven different primary…

  4. Financing Higher Education in South Africa: Public Funding, Non-Government Revenue and Tuition Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wangenge-Ouma, G.; Cloete, N.

    2008-01-01

    The funding of public higher education is currently a moot issue in South Africa. Public funding has been declining and opportunities for winning non-government revenue remain limited. The frequent raising of tuition fees, which is one of the main strategies public universities have resorted to mitigate declining state funding is not without…

  5. The Adoption of Prepaid Tuition and Savings Plans in the American States: An Event History Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, William R.; McLendon, Michael K.; Hearn, James C.

    2010-01-01

    The past two decades have been a period of far-reaching policy experimentation in state financing of higher education. Between 1986 and 1999, 21 states adopted prepaid college tuition plans. Thirty-one states adopted some form of college savings plan. Both kinds of policies were designed to enhance the affordability of higher education during a…

  6. Tuition Pricing and Aid Strategies: A Practical Approach. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Paul L.

    This paper examines the applicability of net tuition revenue models for a highly selective, elite priced, private research university in the southern U.S. Pricing and aid strategies for this university seem to be driven by intuitive assumptions about the economy, market forces, needs-blind admissions, student satisfaction, net price…

  7. The Adoption of Prepaid Tuition and Savings Plans in the American States: An Event History Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, William R.; McLendon, Michael K.; Hearn, James C.

    2010-01-01

    The past two decades have been a period of far-reaching policy experimentation in state financing of higher education. Between 1986 and 1999, 21 states adopted prepaid college tuition plans. Thirty-one states adopted some form of college savings plan. Both kinds of policies were designed to enhance the affordability of higher education during a…

  8. The Relationship of Institutional Tuition Discounts with Enrollment at Private, Not-for-Profit Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassila, Nathan E.

    2010-01-01

    Empirical studies exploring the impact of student aid on postsecondary enrollment often stop short of the specific examination of institutional tuition discounting. This research uses separate empirical ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models to examine three questions using public choice theory, positing that enrollment decisions may be…

  9. Tax justice of the reform of higher education: tuition fees or tax relief?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Semerád

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the current reform of higher education which is now being discussed in the Czech Republic. The Government and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports propose a tuition fee for students at universities but there is still no clear concept of it. University leaders and students are against the tuition fee because of their fear of getting into debt during their study. The aim of this paper is to show an alternative way of funding higher education without tuition fee loans and from the point of view of tax justice. According to the concept of horizontal justice (Mankiw, 1999 taxpayers should pay taxes at the same rate, but it does not work this way. The result of research is that changes in Act 586/1992 Coll., on income tax and in Act 117/1995 Coll., on state social welfare are required. Abolition of tax relief is proposed where discrimination against other taxpayers and groups of students could occur. By abolition of tax relief for a student and tax relief for a dependent child the amounts of 4,020 CZK and 13,404 CZK respectively could be saved. Changes in legislation could be politically more acceptable than the tuition fee. The solution could also lead to simplification for taxpayers. The target should be equal access to higher education for all students.

  10. Critical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet: Maintaining Financial Health--Tuition Strategies, Cost Containment, and Fundraising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.

    This CRitical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet lists resources that focus on maintaining the financial health of an institution of higher education. It describes resources in three areas: (1) tuition strategies; (2) cost containment; and (3) fundraising. The focus of the bibliography, however, is on cost containment and efficiency, and it details…

  11. An Overwhelming Climb: The Complexities of Combining College, Full-Time Work, and Company Tuition Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Janelle L.; Packard, Becky Wai-Ling

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the complex experiences of full-time employed adults trying to climb the career ladder in their company by making use of company tuition assistance to earn their first college degree. Guided by Savickas' (2005) career construction theory, emphasizing the personal agency and meaning-making within career development, we conducted…

  12. Conditional Convergence of Nonresident Tuition Rates at Public Research Universities: A Panel Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titus, Marvin A.; Vamosiu, Adriana; Gupta, Anubha

    2015-01-01

    The current study examines how nonresident tuition among public research universities has converged toward a national average over the 1987-2006 time period in the USA. Using dynamic fixed-effect panel modeling estimated via GMM (and instrumental variables fixed-effect model to account for endogeneity), we inquire (1) how do competitive market…

  13. The Price of Higher Education: How Rational Is British Tuition Fee Policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the introduction of variable tuition fees for university students in the UK--an initiative that has become totemic in British higher education policy. The article seeks to identify the origin of this policy, using the work of Michael Oakeshott (1962) as a framework for discussing the rationality of new Labour. The rhetoric of…

  14. Elasticity of Demand for Tuition Fees at an Institution of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langelett, George; Chang, Kuo-Liang; Ola' Akinfenwa, Samson; Jorgensen, Nicholas; Bhattarai, Kopila

    2015-01-01

    Using a conjoint survey of 161 students at South Dakota State University (SDSU), we mapped a probability-of-enrolment curve for SDSU students, consistent with demand theory. A quasi-demand curve was created from the conditional-logit model. This study shows that along with the price of tuition fees, distance from home, availability of majors, and…

  15. Developing That Voice: Locating Academic Writing Tuition in the Mainstream of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hathaway, Julia

    2015-01-01

    This paper argues that all students, whatever their linguistic identities, can benefit from an explicit and structured introduction to academic writing. It argues that this tuition should no longer be seen as support, and therefore marginalised, but as a transformative process of acculturation that needs to be located in the mainstream of the…

  16. Florida's Prepaid College Tuition Program: Marketing a Pre-Need Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauff, Joseph F., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    A discussion of Florida's college tuition prepayment program describes the plan and its options and examines its marketing implications as a preneed service. It is concluded that the program makes saving for college easy, economical, and completely safe but requires rethinking of conventional marketing strategies and mix. (MSE)

  17. Tuition for Children Who Cannot Attend School Due to Illness in Scotland: Experiences of Home Tutors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acevedo, Mercedes; Gilchrist, Anne

    2007-01-01

    We have explored the working patterns and perceptions of a group of teachers who provide home tuition for children who cannot attend school due to medical problems. These teachers reported high levels of experience in teaching, enthusiasm for their work, and clear managerial structures. Home tutors found it very rewarding to build relationships…

  18. Elasticity of Demand for Tuition Fees at an Institution of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langelett, George; Chang, Kuo-Liang; Ola' Akinfenwa, Samson; Jorgensen, Nicholas; Bhattarai, Kopila

    2015-01-01

    Using a conjoint survey of 161 students at South Dakota State University (SDSU), we mapped a probability-of-enrolment curve for SDSU students, consistent with demand theory. A quasi-demand curve was created from the conditional-logit model. This study shows that along with the price of tuition fees, distance from home, availability of majors, and…

  19. Assessing Tuition and Student Aid Strategies: Using Price-Response Measures to Simulate Pricing Alternatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, Edward P.

    1994-01-01

    A study used price-response measures from recent national studies to assess college and university pricing (tuition and student aid) alternatives in diverse institutional settings. It is concluded that such analyses are feasible. Analysis indicated limits to "Robin Hood" pricing patterns are predominant in private colleges. Consideration…

  20. A Comparison of Tuition Disparities among City, Suburban, Town, and Rural Public Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Louis Charles

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences in tuition rates and college affordability indexes (CAIs) between and among U.S. public community colleges formulated upon urbanization criteria extracted from the Integrated Post Secondary Data System (IPEDS) maintained by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), which operates…

  1. Income taxation, tuition subsidies, and choice of occupation : implications for production efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Bjertnæs, Geir Haakon

    2005-01-01

    The desirability for production efficiency is re-examined in this study, where agents choose occupation based on lifetime income net of tuition costs. Efficient revenue raising implies that the government should trade off efficiency in production for efficiency in intertemporal consumption, as capital income is taxed in optimum. The subsequent wage difference between high- and low-skilled occupations is increased compared to a production efficient outcome, which is in contrast to previous res...

  2. A randomized controlled trial comparing computer-aided learning with versus without tuition/lecture in promoting English proficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitak-Arnnop, Kritsana; Moungsirithum, Pimpa; Pitak-Arnnop, Sonti; Dhanuthai, Kittipong; Pausch, Niels Christian; Pitak-Arnnop, Poramate

    2012-08-01

    To compare test scores in English-error detection between Thai high school students undergoing self-learning by an online tool (computer-assisted learning: CAL) with versus without tuition/lecture. This prospective, randomized, controlled study enrolled a sample of grade-12 high school students from a Thai secondary school. The predictor variable was the use of error-detection exercises in 9 separate 50-min tuition sessions during a 3-week period. Each subject was randomly assigned to receive a CAL program with or without tuition/lecture during the study interval: June-September 2009. The main outcome variable was the test scores of English-error identification. To measure the outcomes, the students were evaluated twice using the 25-question test within a 1-month interval (pre-test/post-test). Appropriate sample size estimates, descriptive, uni-, and bivariate statistics were calculated, and the level of statistical significance was set at P lecture was significantly associated with the improved post-test scores (P = 0.0012) and with a higher number of students showing improved post-test scores (P = 0.0007). The results of this study suggest that tuition/lecture facilitates self-learning with CAL. In this sample, tuition/lecture still seems to be necessary for nonnative-English-speaking high school students to improve their English proficiency. CAL alone should not be used to replace conventional teaching.

  3. Much Ado about €500: Do Tuition Fees Keep German Students from Entering University? Evidence from a Natural Experiment Using DiD Matching Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baier, Tina; Helbig, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    This paper estimates the effect of tuition fees on enrolment behaviour among prospective students in Germany. According to the rational choice theory (RCT), we argue that due to the higher costs brought on by such fees tuition fees should have a negative effect on student's enrolment. This should be even more pronounced among prospective students…

  4. From policy design to campus: Implementation of a tuition decentralization policy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael S. Harris

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the implementation of a tuition decentralization policy in North Carolina. Concepts of organizational culture served as a guiding framework for an interpretive analysis. Qualitative case study data for the research was collected from interviews with key policy makers within the University of North Carolina as well as an extensive collection of documents. The findings demonstrate the importance of shared norms and beliefs in achieving successful policy implementation through a case study where incongruence of stakeholder values, beliefs, and goals created institutional conflict.

  5. The Effect of Tuition and Opportunity Cost on the Pursuit and Completion of a Graduate Management Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Mark; Powell, Irene

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the authors used multivariate statistical analysis to examine the impact of cost on the likelihood that a person will both enroll in and complete a Master of Business Administration (MBA) program. They considered both the "explicit" cost of paying tuition and the "implicit" cost, or opportunity cost, of earnings foregone while in…

  6. The Impact of "Tuition-Paying" Policy on Retention and Graduation Rates at the University of Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atuahene, Francis

    2013-01-01

    African universities over the past decade have developed new modes of financial mobilization in search for fiscal solutions to the declining public support for higher education. The creation of the "tuition-paying" ("dual track" or "fee-paying") admission track policy, a variant of cost sharing, is one of such strategic initiatives that has gained…

  7. Joint Curriculum Development of the Training Program for Five-Year, Rural-Oriented, Tuition-Waived Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Che, Xiang-Xin; Niu, Li; Xia, Xiu-Long; Wang, Xin

    2014-01-01

    To alleviate the shortage of competent undergraduate-level medical professionals in the central and western rural regions of China, from 2010 to 2012, the Chinese government mandated 100 medical colleges to recruit 30,000 rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMS) for the township and village hospitals. But no educational curriculum is…

  8. Determinants of Participation and Expenditure Patterns of Private Tuition Received by Primary School Students in Penang, Malaysia: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelani, Juliana; Tan, Andrew K. G.

    2012-01-01

    In this exploratory study, the censored Tobit model is applied on primary data collected amongst parents of primary school students in Penang, Malaysia to examine the determinants of participation and expenditures on private tuition (PT). Results of the marginal effects indicate that socio-demographic characteristics--ethnicity, household income,…

  9. Determinants of Participation and Expenditure Patterns of Private Tuition Received by Primary School Students in Penang, Malaysia: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelani, Juliana; Tan, Andrew K. G.

    2012-01-01

    In this exploratory study, the censored Tobit model is applied on primary data collected amongst parents of primary school students in Penang, Malaysia to examine the determinants of participation and expenditures on private tuition (PT). Results of the marginal effects indicate that socio-demographic characteristics--ethnicity, household income,…

  10. Undocumented College Students in the United States: In-State Tuition Not Enough to Ensure Four-Year Degree Completion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, Dylan; Chellman, Colin C.

    2013-01-01

    Using restricted-access data from one of the largest urban public university systems in the United States--where many undocumented students are eligible for in-state tuition--we review the literature on undocumented college students in the United States and provide a comparison of the performance of undocumented students to that of U.S. citizens…

  11. The Impact of "Tuition-Paying" Policy on Retention and Graduation Rates at the University of Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atuahene, Francis

    2013-01-01

    African universities over the past decade have developed new modes of financial mobilization in search for fiscal solutions to the declining public support for higher education. The creation of the "tuition-paying" ("dual track" or "fee-paying") admission track policy, a variant of cost sharing, is one of such…

  12. The Impact of "Tuition-Paying" Policy on Retention and Graduation Rates at the University of Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atuahene, Francis

    2013-01-01

    African universities over the past decade have developed new modes of financial mobilization in search for fiscal solutions to the declining public support for higher education. The creation of the "tuition-paying" ("dual track" or "fee-paying") admission track policy, a variant of cost sharing, is one of such…

  13. Effects of Private Tuition on the Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Subject of Mathematics in Kohat Division, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qaiser Suleman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Research reveals that private or home tuition after school time plays a crucial role in strengthening and improving student’s academic achievement. The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of private tuition on the academic achievement of students in subject of mathematics at secondary school level. All the students at secondary school level in Kohat Division (Pakistan constituted the population of the study. The study was delimited to the students of Government High School Ahmadi Banda Karak only. Fifty students of class 09 were selected as sample of the study. Sample students were divided into two groups i.e. control group and experimental group by equating them on the basis of their previous knowledge in subject of mathematics as determined through a pre-test. Each group was composed of 25 students. Students of the experimental group were engaged in tuition for two hours after school time. The study was experimental in nature therefore, “The pre-test-post-test Equivalent Groups Design” was used for the collection of data. Statistical tools i.e. the mean, standard deviation and differences of means were computed for each group. Significance of difference between the mean scores of both the experimental and control groups on the variable of pre-test and post test scores was tested at 0.05 levels by applying t-test. After statistical analysis of the data, the researchers concluded that there is significant positive effect of private tuition on the academic achievement of students in subject of mathematics at secondary school level. Based on the findings, it was recommended that parents should arrange private tuition for their children to move up their achievement level in subject of mathematics.

  14. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Enrollment and Location Choice: Interregional Migration, Border Effects and Gender Differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Bjoern

    show that there is generally no effect of tuition fees on internal enrollment rates. However, we find a redirecting effect on first-year students' migratory behavior as indicated by a significant drop in the gross in-migration rates in fee-charging states. Further, our results point at a stronger...... analysis, we use the variation over time and across regions in this institutional change in order to isolate the causal effect of tuition fees on student enrollment and migration. Controlling for a range of regional- and university-specific effects, our results from Difference-in-Differences estimations...... migration response of male students, which, however, can mainly be attributed to a 'border effect'. That is, interregional migration flows of male students are redirected from fee-charging universities to those universities that are geographically close by while being located in a non-charging neighboring...

  15. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Enrollment and Location Choice – Interregional Migration, Border Effects and Gender Differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alecke, Björn; Burgard, Claudia; Mitze, Timo

    show that there is generally no effect of tuition fees on internal enrollment rates. However, we find a redirecting effect on first-year students‘ migratory behavior as indicated by a signicant drop in the gross in-migration rates in fee-charging states. Further, our results point at a stronger...... analysis, we use the variation over time and across regions in this institutional change in order to isolate the causal effect of tuition fees on student enrollment and migration. Controlling for a range of regional- and university-specific effects, our results from Difference-in-Differences estimations...... migration response of male students, which, however, can mainly be attributed to a “border effect”. That is, interregional migration flows of male students are redirected from fee-charging universities to those universities that are geographically close by while being located in a non-charging neighboring...

  16. A Study of Teacher Stereotypes: How Do Tuition-Free Teacher Candidates and General Undergraduates Think about Middle School and University Teachers in China?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Youxia; Zhao, Yufang; Peng, Chunhua; Chen, Youguo

    2017-01-01

    A tuition-free teacher candidate is an undergraduate who receives tuition-free teacher education and must work as a teacher in a middle school after their graduation. Tuition-free candidates are of the focus of many researchers; however, no study reports how tuition-free teacher candidates think about teachers. The present study explored stereotypes about middle school and university teachers held by teacher candidates. Specifically, we looked for the differences between the stereotypes held by the teacher candidates and general undergraduates. This study attempted to provide a potential tool to predict the actual willingness of teacher candidates to work as middle school teachers. University and middle school teachers were evaluated using descriptive phrases or words on a five-point Likert scale by 116 tuition-free teacher candidates and 155 general undergraduates. Exploratory factor analyses revealed a three-factor stereotype model including occupational cognition, occupational personality, and occupational emotion. Compared with general undergraduates, teacher candidates held more positive occupational personality and emotions toward middle school teachers; they held more negative occupational emotions toward university teachers. Further, the undergraduates' willingness to be middle school teachers positively correlated with positive occupational emotions and negatively correlated with negative occupational personality and emotions toward middle school teachers. This supported previous studies that individuals' professional willingness were influenced by their stereotypes about professions. PMID:28469587

  17. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    variation in tuition fee regimes as a result of a Federal Constitutional Court decision. Our empirical results show that the introduction of tuition fees had a particular impact on student migration. We observe three effects: first, male students show a stronger migration response compared to female...... students. Second, changes in migration behaviour are sensitive to geographical distance. Finally, comparing different types of higher education institutions, we find that the migration effect is larger for universities compared to technical colleges and colleges of arts or music....

  18. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    variation in tuition fee regimes as a result of a Federal Constitutional Court decision. Our empirical results show that the introduction of tuition fees had a particular impact on student migration. We observe three effects: first, male students show a stronger migration response compared to female...... students. Second, changes in migration behaviour are sensitive to geographical distance. Finally, comparing different types of higher education institutions, we find that the migration effect is larger for universities compared to technical colleges and colleges of arts or music....

  19. Re-conceptualizing mother tongue tuition of Estonian abroad as a transnational phenomenon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarja Siiner

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The governmental initiative called the Compatriots Programme, which supports language tuition in Estonian schools and societies abroad, reveals an increased interest in developing intergenerational language transmission in the growing Estonian diaspora. This transnational language political activity signals a new era in language policy, where nation states are increasingly decentralized by migration. The evaluation of the program furthermore reveals that organizing such schools requires a willingness to take language political agency, typically conducted by well-educated and well-integrated resourceful transnational multilingual parents. The present article outlines the results of an ethnographic study of the process of establishing the Estonian School in Copenhagen. This step has demanded a change in the mindset still prevailing in Estonia that language political activities, such as planning language acquisition, are solely the responsibility of the state. Since the prevailing language ideology in Denmark is not favorable towards multilingualism in migrant languages, intergenerational language transmission furthermore presupposes a feeling of ownership of the language and high language self-esteem. "Hargmaise keelepoliitika sünd. Eesti keeleõppe korraldamise võimalikkusest välismaal Taani näitel" Hargmaisus, kasvav väljarändajate arv ja sellega ka eesti keele rääkijate hulk välismaal on jätnud oma jälje eesti keelepoliitikale. Kui varem uuriti peamiselt seda, kuidas eesti keel muukeelses kontekstis muutub, siis viimasel kümnendil on riik asunud aktiivselt toetama eesti keele jätkuvat kasutamist välismaal, rahastades rahvuskaaslaste programmi abil haridusprogramme. Kuid millised faktorid määravad selle, kas uus eestlaste põlvkond oskab ja tahab eesti keelt rääkida? Artikkel hindab etnograafilises ja sotsiolingvistilises võtmes Kopenhaagenis kolm aastat tegutsenud Eesti Kooli ja Lasteklubi näitel, millised on keelekasutust

  20. 低收费政策能改善教育公平和社会福利吗?——兼论高等教育不同收费政策的效应%Can low tuition fee policy improve higher education equity and social welfare?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查显友; 丁守海

    2007-01-01

    Traditionally there has been a theoretical view that raising tuition fees will undermine education equity and social welfare. This study examines the effects of different tuition policies on both these factors. A statistical analysis is made on the theoretical relationship between higher education tuition fees and dropout probability, which leads to the conclusion that the effects of both policies on education equity vary with circumstances. Further, under severe polarization between the rich and the poor in China, low tuition fee policy fails to effectively improve access to higher education and social welfare for low-income groups. On the contrary, high tuition fee policy may have better effectiveness.

  1. Cost and Price Increases in Higher Education: Evidence of a Cost Disease on Higher Education Costs and Tuition Prices and the Implications for Higher Education Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trombella, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    As concern over rapidly rising college costs and tuition sticker prices have increased, a variety of research has been conducted to determine potential causes. Most of this research has focused on factors unique to higher education. In contrast, cost disease theory attempts to create a comparative context to explain cost increases in higher…

  2. Undocumented College Students in the United States: In-State Tuition Not Enough to Ensure Four-Year Degree Completion. IESP Policy Brief No. 01-13

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, David; Chellman, Colin C.

    2013-01-01

    This brief provides a comparison of the performance of undocumented students to that of U.S. citizens and other legal migrants using restricted-access data from one of the largest urban public university systems in the U.S. where many undocumented students are eligible for in-state tuition. Overall, undocumented students perform well in the…

  3. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    Using the introduction of tuition fees at German public universities as an exogenous shock, this paper investigates its causal impact on the enrolment and migration decision of high-school graduates. Specifically, we conduct a quasi-experimental analysis by exploiting the spatial and temporal...

  4. Tuition Fees in Primary and Secondary Education in Lesotho: The Levels and Implications for Access, Equity, and Efficiency. Financial Management of Education Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerotholi, Liteboho Maqalika

    This publication addresses tuition and other fees practiced in education as a means of cost sharing in Lesotho (a small, underdeveloped African nation). The case of Lesotho is an extreme example of household and community financing of education, both at the primary and secondary level, with parents paying for the bulk of their children's…

  5. Video-based instructions for surgical hand disinfection as a replacement for conventional tuition? A randomised, blind comparative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Uwe; Constantinescu, Mihai A.; Woermann, Ulrich; Schmitz, Felix; Schnabel, Kai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Various different learning methods are available for planning tuition regarding the introduction to surgical hand disinfection. These learning methods should help to organise and deal with this topic. The use of a video film is an alternative to conventional tuition due to the real presentation possibilities of practical demonstration. Objective: This study examines by way of comparison which form of communication is more effective for learning and applying surgical hand disinfection for medical students in their first year of studies: video-based instruction or conventional tuition. Methodology: A total of 50 first-year medical students were randomly allocated either to the “Conventional Instruction” (CI) study group or to the “Video-based Instruction” (VI) study group. The conventional instruction was carried out by an experienced nurse preceptor/nurse educator for the operating theatre who taught the preparatory measures and the actual procedure in a two-minute lesson. The second group watched a two-minute video sequence with identical content. Afterwards, both groups demonstrated practically the knowledge they had acquired at an individual practical test station. The quality (a) of the preparation and (b) of the procedure as well as (c) the quality of the results was assessed by 6 blind experts using a check list. The acceptability of the respective teaching method was also asked about using a questionnaire. Results: The group performance did not differ either in the preparation (t=-78, p<0.44) or in the quality (t=-99, p<0.34). With respect to performance, it was possible to demonstrate a strong treatment effect. In the practical (t=-3.33, p<0.002, d=0.943) and in the total score (t=-2.65, p<0.011, d=0.751), the group with video-based instruction achieved a significantly better result. In response to the question as to which of the two learning methods they would prefer, the significant majority (60.4%) of students stated video

  6. Video-based instructions for surgical hand disinfection as a replacement for conventional tuition? A randomised, blind comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weber, Uwe

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Various different learning methods are available for planning tuition regarding the introduction to surgical hand disinfection. These learning methods should help to organise and deal with this topic. The use of a video film is an alternative to conventional tuition due to the real presentation possibilities of practical demonstration. Objective: This study examines by way of comparison which form of communication is more effective for learning and applying surgical hand disinfection for medical students in their first year of studies: video-based instruction or conventional tuition. Methodology: A total of 50 first-year medical students were randomly allocated either to the “Conventional Instruction” (CI study group or to the “Video-based Instruction” (VI study group. The conventional instruction was carried out by an experienced nurse preceptor/nurse educator for the operating theatre who taught the preparatory measures and the actual procedure in a two-minute lesson. The second group watched a two-minute video sequence with identical content. Afterwards, both groups demonstrated practically the knowledge they had acquired at an individual practical test station. The quality (a of the preparation and (b of the procedure as well as (c the quality of the results was assessed by 6 blind experts using a check list. The acceptability of the respective teaching method was also asked about using a questionnaire.Results: The group performance did not differ either in the preparation (=-78, <0.44 or in the quality (=-99, <0.34. With respect to performance, it was possible to demonstrate a strong treatment effect. In the practical (=-3.33, <0.002, =0.943 and in the total score (=-2.65, <0.011, =0.751, the group with video-based instruction achieved a significantly better result. In response to the question as to which of the two learning methods they would prefer, the significant majority (60.4% of students stated video instruction

  7. [Post-Doc (post-graduate training for medical doctors in Europe). The use of the Internet in the continuing education of general practice physicians: a European project of multimedia continuing medical education. The University of Aachen, Maastricht, Catholic University Leuven and the Central University Limburg (Diepenbeek) and EUREGIONET].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montrieux, C; Collette, G; van Lochem, J J; Baldewyns, L; Orban, M

    2000-09-01

    The continuing formation of the General Practitioners (GP) must stay in stride with the rapid evolution of society, technology, science and needs of the population. The Web allows on-line a rapid access to a pertinent and practical information whenever needed. PostDoc is a joint venture of the Universities of Aachen, Maastricht, Leuven and Diepenbeek. The Department of general medicine is associated with the Service of Technology of Education in this project. The interactivity of an Internet Website introduces a cooperative dimension in the work of the GP's centred on formation and discussion of problems encountered. This tool allows each GP to contribute to clinical cases and information.

  8. Are tuition-free primary education policies associated with lower infant and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quamruzzaman, Amm; Mendoza Rodríguez, José M; Heymann, Jody; Kaufman, Jay S; Nandi, Arijit

    2014-11-01

    Robust evidence from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) suggests that maternal education is associated with better child health outcomes. However, whether or not policies aimed at increasing access to education, including tuition-free education policies, contribute to lower infant and neonatal mortality has not been empirically tested. We joined country-level data on national education policies for 37 LMICs to information on live births to young mothers aged 15-21 years, who were surveyed as part of the population-based Demographic and Health Surveys. We used propensity scores to match births to mothers who were exposed to a tuition-free primary education policy with births to mothers who were not, based on individual-level, household, and country-level characteristics, including GDP per capita, urbanization, and health expenditures per capita. Multilevel logistic regression models, fitted using generalized estimating equations, were used to estimate the effect of exposure to tuition-free primary education policies on the risk of infant and neonatal mortality. We also tested whether this effect was modified by household socioeconomic status. The propensity score matched samples for analyses of infant and neonatal mortality comprised 24,396 and 36,030 births, respectively, from 23 countries. Multilevel regression analyses showed that, on average, exposure to a tuition-free education policy was associated with 15 (95% CI=-32, 1) fewer infant and 5 (95% CI=-13, 4) fewer neonatal deaths per 1000 live births. We found no strong evidence of heterogeneity of this effect by socioeconomic level.

  9. Investigation on Tuition-free Normal Students' Professional Quality of Mathematics%免费师范生数学专业素质的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨承根; 胡典顺

    2012-01-01

    数学知识、数学能力和数学情意是影响数学免费师范生数学专业素质的主要因素.数学免费师范生的数学情意素质具备程度较高,数学能力素质具备程度较低;数学专业素质在性别和年级之间存在差异;数学专业素质与数学知识、数学能力和数学情意均存在显著的正相关;数学知识、数学能力和数学情意对数学免费师范生的数学专业素质的形成和发展有不同程度的影响。%Mathematical knowledge, mathematical ability and mathematical affection are major factors affecting tuition-free normal students' professional quality of mathematics. The study found that: The level of tuition-free normal students' mathematics affection quality is higher, The level of mathematical ability quality is lower; mathematics professional quality has difference between gender and grade; mathematics professional quality has a significant positive relationship with mathematics knowledge, mathematical ability, mathematics affection; mathematics knowledge, mathematical ability and mathematics affection have a varying degrees of influences on formation and development of tuition-free normal students' mathematics professional quality.

  10. Insight and Regulate on the Dual Structure of Higher Education Tuition%高等教育学费二元结构的审视与调控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡茂波

    2013-01-01

    高等教育学费二元结构是公办和民办高校产权差异和学费制度差异的反映。公共财政不足造成了公办和民办高等教育的二元规制、市场的二元分割和市场功能定位的分化。这导致学费定价中政府与市场的边界不清、公办和民办高等教育学费标准的差异与质量的差异不对称、个人投资收益率的差异扩大、学费的资源配置功能弱化。“效率优先,兼顾公平”是其指导思想,其不利于先天禀赋不足的学生,其社会福利效应逐渐降低。在公共财政能力已经增强,高等教育已经大众化的背景下,应该取消对公办和民办高等教育的二元规制,加大民办高等教育的财政投入,提高民办高等教育的质量,加强民办高等教育的学生资助,消除高等教育学费二元结构的不利影响。%The dual structure of higher education tuition is difference on property and tuition system between public colleges and private colleges.The lack of public finance ,and the dual regulation ,the segmentation market , market function positioning differentiation between public higher education and private higher education are causes of the dual structure of higher education tuition.It leads to being unclear on the boundary of government and market in tuition pricing,asymmetry between tuition difference and quality difference,expansion of personal rate of return on investment difference between public higher education and private higher education , weakening tuition resource allocation.Its guiding ideology is “priority to efficiency with consideration fairness”.It is not conducive to congenital deficiency student. Its social welfare effect is gradually reduced. In order to eliminate the adverse effect of the dual structure of higher education tuition ,the dual regulation should be canceled ,and increasing financial input,improving quality,enhancing student financial assistance should to be done in

  11. DOD Education Benefits: Increased Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program Is Needed. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services, and International Security, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate. GAO-11-300

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    In fiscal year 2009, the Department of Defense's (DOD) Military Tuition Assistance (TA) Program provided $517 million in tuition assistance to approximately 377,000 service members. US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to report on (1) DOD's oversight of schools receiving TA funds, and (2) the extent to which DOD coordinates with…

  12. DOD Education Benefits: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services, and International Security, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate. GAO-11-389T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    This testimony discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) oversight of its Military Tuition Assistance (TA) Program. In fiscal year 2010, the TA Program provided $531 million in tuition assistance to approximately 302,000 service members who elected to pursue off-duty postsecondary education. DOD offers these benefits to service members in order…

  13. Tuition fees and funding – barriers for non-traditional students? First results from the international research project Opening Universities for Lifelong Learning (OPULL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moissidis, Sonja; Schwarz, Jochen; Yndigegn, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Project OPULL – Opening Universities for Lifelong Learning – is undertaking research into ways of opening up higher education to vocationally qualified and experienced target groups in four European countries. Open university models in Germany, Denmark, Finland and the United Kingdom are being...... phase of the project indicate that while the long-term effect of an increase in tuition fees for non-traditional students is not yet known, current evidence suggests that other factors such as the recognition of vocational and experiential learning will most likely have an impact on widening...

  14. On Four Kinds of Model of Higher Education Tuition Pricing and Financing%高等教育学费定价与资助的四种模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛建青; 杨斌

    2016-01-01

    The tuition pricing involves multi stakeholders, and its changes need policy support to ensure the effi-ciency and fairness. Four kinds of modes of Tuition Pricing and financing can be summed up according to tuition accounted for per capita GDP and per student funding for tuition, which are the United States as the representa-tive of the typical high tuition and high financing mode, the Germany as a typical representative of the low tui-tion and high financing mode, the China as a typical representative of the high tuition and low funding model and the India as a typical representative of the low tuition and low funding model. The four modes have their re-spective advantages and disadvantages. The efficiency and fairness of the orientation is not the same. We should choose proper mode according to the national characteristics and laws of the development of higher education.%学费定价涉及多方利益主体,其变动需资助政策的配套跟进,以确保效率和公平。根据生均学费占人均GDP和生均资助额占生均学费两个指标,可以归纳出学费定价与资助的四种模式:以美国为典型代表的高学费/高资助模式、以德国为典型代表的低学费/高资助模式、以中国为典型代表的高学费/低资助模式和以印度为典型代表的低学费/低资助模式。四种模式有各自的优缺点和适用性,其效率和公平的取向不尽相同。我们应根据国情特征和高等教育发展规律进行恰当模式的合理选择。

  15. Constitutional Law--Establishment Clause: No Tuition Grants, No Tax Benefits for Parents or Nonpublic School Children--Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty v. Nyquist, 413 U.S. 756 (1973)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moquin, E. Michele

    1975-01-01

    This note considers the Supreme Court's treatment of New York State's tuition reimbursement and tax exemption provisions that were expected to equalize educational choice. Submits that the decision is unwarranted application of the constitutional prohibition against establishment of religion and discusses alternatives open to state legislators.…

  16. Remote Music Tuition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duffy, S.; Williams, D.; Kegel, I.; Stevens, T.; Jansen, A.J.; Cesar Garcia, P.S.; Healey, P.

    2012-01-01

    It is common to learn to play an orchestral musical instrument through one-to-one lessons with an experienced tutor. For musicians who choose to study performance at an undergraduate level and beyond, their tutor is an important part of their professional musical development. For many musicians, tra

  17. Remote Music Tuition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Duffy; D. Williams; I. Kegel; T. Stevens; A.J. Jansen (Jack); P.S. Cesar Garcia (Pablo Santiago); P. Healey

    2012-01-01

    htmlabstractIt is common to learn to play an orchestral musical instrument through one-to-one lessons with an experienced tutor. For musicians who choose to study performance at an undergraduate level and beyond, their tutor is an important part of their professional musical development. For many

  18. 免费师范生积极心理健康教育探索与实践%A Study on Positive Mental Health Education for Tuition-Free Pedagogical Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈朝晖; 杜耀国

    2015-01-01

    免费师范生积极心理健康教育是免费师范生心理素质发展和从教农村心理准备的需要。积极心理学是其理论基础,免费师范生发展的需要是其现实依据。免费师范生积极心理健康教育的根本目标在于培养免费师范生积极心理品质,提高其心理素质。其对象不仅仅是有问题的学生和学生的问题,而是全体免费师范生心理潜能的全面开发和积极心理品质的全面发展。免费师范生积极心理健康教育的途径包括:建立组织领导机构,构建免费师范生积极心理健康教育支持系统;积极防控心理问题,开展心理咨询与辅导;建设积极心理健康教育课程;开展积极心理健康教育活动等。%Traditional psychological health education can not meet the needs of the development of psychological quality of tuition-free pedagogical students . Positive psychology is the basic theory of positive mental health education for tuition-free pedagogical students ,and psychological development is its realistic basis .The fundamental goal of positive mental health education for free normal education lies in the cultivation of positive psychological quality .The object of positive mental health education for tuition-free pedagogical students includes not only the students with psychological problems but also the all-round development of psychological potential and positive psychological quality . Ways of positive mental health education for the tuition-free pedagogical students are as follows:the establishment of organization and leadership mechanism , the construction of tuition-free pedagogical students’ positive mental health education supporting system;the active prevention and control of psychological problems as well as the service of psychological counseling and guidance;the construction of health education course for positive psychology;the promotion of positive mental health education activities .

  19. [Tuitional-based promotion of social competencies and prevention of bullying in adolescence--the fairplayer.manual: results of a pilot evaluation study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheithauer, Herbert; Bull, Heike Dele

    2010-01-01

    The fairplayer.manual (Scheithauer u. Bull, 2008), a manualized, tuitional-based preventive intervention programme to facilitate social competence and prevent school bullying consists of at least 15 to 17 consecutive, ninety-minute-lessons using cognitive-behavioural methods (e. g. role plays, model-learning, social reinforcement, behaviour-feedback) and moral dilemma discussions amongst others. We present results from a pilot evaluation study with 138 students (between 13 and 21 years of age, from comprehensive and vocational school) and their teachers. Students and teachers were administered structured questionnaires considering e. g. the occurrence of bullying, prosocial behavior and student's empathy as well as legitimation of violence. For 113 students we obtained data for the two measurement points (pre-post). Due to a high attrition rate information of an initially recruited control group could not be considered. Results indicated partially impressive positive changes concerning the total number of bullies and victims as well as prosocial behavior. Results concerning legitimation of violence and empathy differed for classes according to treatment integrity.

  20. Workshop on Energy Research Opportunities for Physics Graduates & Postdocs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kate Kirby

    2010-03-14

    Young people these days are very concerned about the environment. There is also a great deal of interest in using technology to improve energy efficiency. Many physics students share these concerns and would like to find ways to use their scientific and quantitative skills to help overcome the environmental challenges that the world faces. This may be particularly true for female students. Showing physics students how they can contribute to environmental and energy solutions while doing scientific research which excites them is expected to attract more physicists to work on these very important problems and to retain more of the best and the brightest in physical science. This is a major thrust of the 'Gathering Storm' report, the 'American Competitiveness Initiative' report, and several other studies. With these concerns in mind, the American Physical Society (APS) and more specifically, the newly formed APS Topical Group on Energy Research and Applications (GERA), organized and conducted a one-day workshop for graduate students and post docs highlighting the contributions that physics-related research can make to meeting the nation's energy needs in environmentally friendly ways. A workshop program committee was formed and met four times by conference call to determine session topics and to suggest appropriate presenters for each topic. Speakers were chosen not only for their prominence in their respective fields of energy research but also for their ability to relate their work to young people. The workshop was held the day before the APS March Meeting on March 14, 2009 in Portland, OR. The workshop was restricted to approximately 80 young physicists to encourage group discussion. Talks were planned and presented at a level of participants with a physics background but no special knowledge of energy research. Speakers were asked to give a broad overview of their area of research before talking more specifically about their own work. The format was designed with plenary talks but allowed significant time for questions and answers, and discussion. A 'Lunch with the Experts' and a 'Networking Reception' were held specifically to provide opportunities for participants to interact with the presenters and to network with each other. These proved to be very successful activities, as noted in the follow-up participant survey that was conducted shortly after the workshop.

  1. The Medical School Tuition Crunch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, John

    1978-01-01

    New federal policies on student aid favor guaranteed loans rather than direct government aid. Private medical schools may find themselves at a growing competitive disadvantage, and better financial-aid staffing will be needed by all schools. Trustees and administrators should encourage banks to participate in loan programs. (Author/LBH)

  2. Exploration on Innovation Experiments for Tuition-free Normal College Students Majored in Chemistry%化学专业免费师范生开展创新性实验初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温丽丽; 胡宗球; 万坚

    2015-01-01

    Innovation experiments for undergraduates are important part of the teaching reform, and also are im-portant approaches for improving the quality of university education and overall qualities of undergraduates. Through examples, the article illustrates the role and significance of developing innovation experiments for tuition-free normal university students majored in chemistry.%大学生创新性实验是高等学校教学改革工程的重要组成部分,是提高本科教学质量和大学生综合素质的重要手段。本文通过具体实例,阐述化学专业免费师范生开展创新性实验的作用与意义。

  3. The Predicament of Teacher Career Development of Tuition-free Normal Students%免费师范生职后教师生涯发展的困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李录志; 陈一铭

    2015-01-01

    In terms of grounded theory and qualitative research,the paper analyzes the interview data collected from 10 newly-employed tuition-free normal students with one year teaching experience,and tries to describe the difficulties in their growth and to clarify their inner conflict. This study discovers:1)tuition-free normal students made their choices of career on the three reasons:personal factors,family factors,social factors;tuition-free policy is the main cause of personal choice;2 )professional impression and policy guidance made them to choose to be tuition-free normal students;the inconsistence between vocational ideal and vocational reality has brought about the inner conflicts;3)career confusion promotes the vocational ideal to turn into vocational reality. Career confusion is mainly in class management,teacher student relationship,the dealing with lower-achieved students, school environment,teachers’value;4)external factors urge them to seek help from their families,colleagues, friends. The internal cause:self reflection,making vocational planning.%从质性研究的角度运用扎根理论的方法通过对10位就业满一年的免费师范生访谈资料的分析,试图描述出免费师范生成长的困境,并理清免费师范生从选择到职后成长过程中的内心冲突。研究发现:(1)免费师范生在报考选择时基于三个维度的原因:个人因素、家庭因素、社会因素,免费师范生政策是个人选择的主要诱因;(2)职业印象、政策的引导促使学生选择免费师范生;职业理想与职业现实不一致,内心产生冲突;(3)职业困惑促使职业理想转变为职业现实。职业困惑主要表现为班级管理、师生关系、后进生、学校环境、教师价值;(4)外因促使免费师范生成长的方式为:向家人、同事、朋友寻求帮助。内因促使免费师范生成长的方式为:自我反思、制定职业规划。

  4. On Effect of Counselors Upon Career Planning Guidance to Tuition-free Normal College Students%试论辅导员在免费师范生职业生涯规划辅导中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺春湘

    2012-01-01

    The career planning is important for the career development of tuition-free normal college students.The students have their own particularity.It is an important duty for college counselors to know how to put the guidance of the career planning into effect and improve their professional sense of identity.The counselors have their own advantages,so it is beneficial to strengthen the career planning guidance to the students.%免费师范生的职业生涯规划对其今后的职业发展有着重要的意义,免费师范生具有自身的特殊性,如何对免费师范生开展有效的职业生涯规划辅导,增进其对教师的职业认同感,成为高校辅导员的重要职责;而高校辅导员在这方面具有自身的优势,有利于加强对免费师范生的职业生涯规划辅导。

  5. Introduction to EU Grants and Fellowships for PhD students and early Post-docs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epp Julia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This talk is based on the presentation “Introduction to EU Grants and Fellowships for PhD students and early Post-docs” and aims at informing young scientists about individual funding schemes in FP7 Specific Programmes “People” and “Ideas”. It also aims at encouraging young scientists employed at Max Planck Institutes in the “Regional Cluster Bavaria”, or scientists who wish to come to Max Planck Institutes which are part of the cluster, to benefit from the support of the Regional EU Office Bavaria, whose consultants can give valuable administrative and tailor-made internal advice to add on the success of a competitive scientific proposal.

  6. Pedagogical Supervision of Assistant Professors and Post.doc Development of Self-confidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Ole

    of Danish / the quality of English as a foreign language in teaching), use of different media (the presentation as such, e.g. PowerPoint technicalities, blackboard, visualizer, Web 2.0), interaction with the students (including the use of active learning), and the structure of the lesson, including timing...... member offers a much more focused feedback based on thesupervisors’ long experience and thorough knowledge of the theoretical background and application of postmodern constructivist teaching methods. The key areas of the supervision are: gestures and facial expression, enunciation, language (the quality...... at a Danish university. At Business and Social Sciences, this programme is supplemented by observation and supervision of the assistant professors’ teaching practice. The reason for this initiative is (i) that many young university teachers face general problems putting pedagogical theory into practice – even...

  7. Research Workforce Diversity: The Case of Balancing National versus International Postdocs in US Biomedical Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Hawley, Joshua; Desai, Anand

    2014-03-01

    The US government has been increasingly supporting postdoctoral training in biomedical sciences to develop the domestic research workforce. However, current trends suggest that mostly international researchers benefit from the funding, many of whom might leave the USA after training. In this paper, we describe a model used to analyse the flow of national versus international researchers into and out of postdoctoral training. We calibrate our model in the case of the USA and successfully replicate the data. We use the model to conduct simulation-based analyses of effects of different policies on the diversity of postdoctoral researchers. Our model shows that capping the duration of postdoctoral careers, a policy proposed previously, favours international postdoctoral researchers. The analysis suggests that the leverage point to help the growth of domestic research workforce is in the pregraduate education area, and many policies implemented at the postgraduate level have minimal or unintended effects on diversity.

  8. Pedagogical Supervision of Assistant Professors and Post.doc Development of Self-confidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Ole

    Pedagogical Supervision of Assistant Professors and Postdoc’s Development of Self-confidence Ole Lauridsen Aarhus University Abstract Aarhus University offers a mandatory pedagogical training programme for all assistant professors, the completion of which is required in order to obtain tenure...... at a Danish university. At Business and Social Sciences, this programme is supplemented by observation and supervision of the assistant professors’ teaching practice. The reason for this initiative is (i) that many young university teachers face general problems putting pedagogical theory into practice – even...... though the pedagogical programme as such is practice-oriented, and partly due to this (ii) that quite a few of them lack self-confidence when it comes to teaching. In contrast to peer supervision which is useful in its own right and also recommended at the university, this supervision by a senior faculty...

  9. 免费师范生职业认同感与心理健康的关系及其启示%The Relationship between Professional Identity and Mental Health of Tuition-Free Normal University Students and Its Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫强; 张大均

    2012-01-01

    采用师范生职业认同感量表和李虹修订的CHQ-20量表,对一至三年级的免费师范生进行问卷调查。结果发现:(1)女免费师范生的职业认同感及各因子的得分均高于男生,且在职业认同感及职业意愿与期望因子上差异显著;(2)免费师范生的职业认同感及其因子与自我肯定呈显著正相关,与忧郁、焦虑呈显著负相关;(3)免费师范生心理健康的职业认同感分组效应显著;(4)免费师范生职业认同感中的职业价值、职业效能及职业意愿与期望三因子对心理健康具有显著的预测效应;(5)免费师范生职业认同感与心理健康的关系存在性别差异。这些结果为免费师范生的心理健康教育及培养管理提供了有益的启示。%Tuition-free normal university students from one to three grades completed a series of scales concerning the professional identification scale for normal students (PISNS) and CHQ -20 revised by Li Hong. Results showed that ( 1 ) the professional identification and its' all factors in female are higher than male' s. Especially, there are significant differences in professional identification and professional expectation factor. (2) The professional identity and its factors were positive significantly related to self-affirmation, and negative significantly related to depression and anxiety. (3)There are significant group effects in mental health among high, medium and low professional identification three groups. (4)Professional value, professional efficacy, and professional expectation have significantly prediction on mental health. (5) Gender differences existed in the relationship between professional identity and mental health. These results provide some beneficial enlightenment for mental health education and training management of the tuition-free normal university students.

  10. 免费师范生的教师职业认同与学习动机及学业成就的关系研究%Relationship among teacher professional identity,learning motivation,and education achievement of tuition-free normal college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕; 赵宏玉; 齐婷婷; 张晓辉

    2011-01-01

    The study investigated 714 tuition-free normal college students' teacher professional identity,internal and external learning motivation by scales,and the relationship among the two variables and their education achievement.The result indicated:(1) the intrinsic value identity of teacher professional identity is higher than that of extrinsic.The extrinsic value identity was found to be better than volitional behavior identity.Furthermore,the level of the teacher professional identity is little above average level but still has space for promotion;(2) the internal learning motivation was better than average level,and was better than external motivation;(3) the relationship between teacher professional identity and learning motivation is significantly positive,and that is the same between learning motivation and education achievement;moreover,teacher professional identity showed equable predictability on the education achievements;(4) external learning motivation is a mediator variable between teacher professional identity and education achievement.%研究以714名免费师范生为被试,采用问卷测量法,考察了其教师职业认同状况、内部和外部学习动机特点,以及教师职业认同、学习动机和学业成就之间的关系。结果发现:(1)在教师职业认同上,免费师范生对教师职业的内在价值认同显著高于外在价值认同,外在价值认同显著高于意志行为认同,职业认同的总体情况略高于中等水平,还有一定的提升空间;(2)内部学习动机比较积极,且显著高于外部学习动机;(3)教师职业认同和学习动机、学习动机和学业成就之间均存在显著的正相关,且教师职业认同对学业成就有稳定的预测力;(4)外部学习动机在教师职业认同和学业成就之间起了部分中介的作用。

  11. Privacy Impact Assessment for the Childcare Tuition Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    This system collects contact information and other Personally Identifiable Information (PII). Learn how this data is collected, how it will be used, access to the data, the purpose of data collection, and record retention policies for this data.

  12. Music performance tuition in higher education : student expectations.

    OpenAIRE

    Venn, EJ

    2010-01-01

    Findings of a study which aimed to develop an awareness of the expectations of performance students in higher education in order to compare these expectations with the stated educational aims and learning objectives of performance modules. The exploration of the nature of the gap between expectations and outcomes will enable a better understanding of how to design, deliver and market music performance modules in higher education.

  13. Development Challenges, Tuition Barriers, and High School Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian; Shi, Yaojiang

    2009-01-01

    China has made remarkable progress along the path of economic transformation over the past three decades. To continue its rapid growth in an economy with increasingly higher wages, China's key challenge is whether it can become competitive enough in quasi-skilled and skilled sectors so that more technologically advanced industries and service…

  14. Development Challenges, Tuition Barriers, and High School Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian; Shi, Yaojiang

    2009-01-01

    China has made remarkable progress along the path of economic transformation over the past three decades. To continue its rapid growth in an economy with increasingly higher wages, China's key challenge is whether it can become competitive enough in quasi-skilled and skilled sectors so that more technologically advanced industries and service…

  15. Air Force Military Tuition Assistance: A Historical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    6 Bruce White, "ABC’s for the American Enlisted Man: The Army Post School System, 1866- 1898," History of Education Quarterly (Winter...accessed October 23, 2011). White, Bruce. "ABC’s for the American Enlisted Man: The Army Post School System, 1866- 1898." History of Education Quarterly

  16. The Fiscal Impact of Tuition Tax Credits in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    2005-01-01

    Proposals to expand opportunities for children to attend independent schools prompt heated and complex debates. Proponents and opponents bring a number of philosophical and ideological arguments to public policy discussions, while lawmakers often justify their decisions on the basis of the perceived economic and fiscal impacts of the proposals.…

  17. Effects of Tuition Price, Grant Aid, and Institutional Revenue on Low-Income Student Enrollment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassila, Nathan E.

    2011-01-01

    Evidence of greater economic stratification brings challenges to higher education's enrollment of low-income students. With a growing proportion of potential college students coming from low-income households, increasing their post-secondary participation rate is vital in developing and growing the pool of educated individuals for the labor force…

  18. Sinking or Swimming: Findings from a Survey of State Adult Education Tuition and Financing Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Marcie

    2012-01-01

    At no time in recent history has the importance of adult education been greater and the funding more threatened. Despite the fact that as many as 93 million adults in the U.S. may need basic skills services to improve their economic prospects, funding for these services is stagnating at the federal level and being slashed in statehouses and state…

  19. 论谢林的智性直观%On Schelling's Intellectual Tuition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊杰

    2006-01-01

    智性直观,是谢林早期哲学中的一个重要概念.把它说成是谢林哲学的"工具",是恰如其分的,因为正是凭着这个概念谢林得以将哲学说成是对绝对者的构造.并且,只要明确了智性直观是谢林哲学用以把握绝对者的工具,那么,谢林对这个概念所作的那些复杂的表述就都可以理解了.

  20. Independent School Has Everything but a Large Tuition Revenue Stream: Waterside School, Stamford, Connecticut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Waterside School began in the mind of hedge fund manager Chip Kruger. While playing golf at the Innis Arden Golf Club in Greenwich, Connecticut, he noticed that the seventh green bordered Stamford's impoverished and crime-ridden South End. As Kruger considered his own opportunities and the prestigious schools his children attended, including…

  1. Beyond Tuition Fees? The Legacy of Blair's Government to Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunt, Ingrid

    2008-01-01

    Although the famous Blair mantra "education, education, education" was applied by his government mainly to the compulsory education sector, there was no shortage of initiatives in Higher Education (HE). The scene was set by the Dearing Report in 1997 which effectively determined the direction of Blair's first term. The second term enabled Blair to…

  2. The Effects of Tuition and Financial Aid on the Enrollment Decision at a State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seneca, Joseph J.; Taussig, Michael K.

    1987-01-01

    An empirical model of the enrollment decision for students admitted both to Rutgers University and to at least one alternate college is described. Students base their enrollment decision on the relative quality of the schools, their own abilities and family resources, and the net costs of the schools. (Author/MLW)

  3. Tuition Assistance Programs for Foster Youth Pursuing Postsecondary Education. 50-State Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Emily; Sarubbi, Molly

    2017-01-01

    Many students have concerns about the affordability of college, which may interfere with their potential success. However, foster care alumni have unique needs when making the transition into postsecondary enrollment. Compared to completion rates for the general population, postsecondary education outcomes for youth with foster care experience lag…

  4. Quality of Plaster Molding for Distal Radius Fractures Is Improved Through Focused Tuition of Junior Surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramoutar, Darryl N; Silk, Robert; Rodrigues, Jeremy N; Hatton, Mark

    2014-08-01

    Successful nonoperative management of distal radius fractures requires an adequately reduced fracture held in a well-molded cast. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a targeted teaching session to the same group of junior doctors led to objective improvement in fracture reduction and plaster molding and hence a decrease in the redisplacement of these fractures. Retrospective review. Level I academic trauma center. A retrospective review of all dorsally angulated distal radius fractures treated in plaster that presented to our plaster room over a 4-week period (group 1, n = 52). This was followed by the intervention and a subsequent 4-week prospective review (group 2, n = 36). Radiographs were reviewed before manipulation, after manipulation, and at follow-up by a single senior orthopaedic trainee using predetermined criteria. A targeted teaching session on fracture reduction and cast molding to the same group of junior doctors involved in managing all these cases. Adequate fracture reduction, plaster molding, redisplacement, and further intervention before and after the targeted intervention. In group 1, 85% had adequate fracture reduction but only 36% showed adequate molding. This was improved in group 2%-94% adequate reduction and 65% adequate molding (P = 0.022). The rate of redisplacement was improved from 65% to 44% in group 2. In both groups, the rate of redisplacement was around 20% for adequately reduced and molded fractures, compared with around 90% for adequately reduced but inadequately molded cases (P < 0.001). The rate of further intervention improved from 27% to 8% (P = 0.052). We recommend that specific teaching focusing on fracture reduction and molding techniques is included in orthopaedic juniors' induction teaching or as a separate session. Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  5. Tuition vs. Intuition: Effects of Instruction on Naive Theories of Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtulman, Andrew; Calabi, Prassede

    2013-01-01

    Recent research suggests that a major obstacle to evolution understanding is an essentialist view of the biological world. The present study investigated the effects of formal biology instruction on such misconceptions. Participants (N = 291) completed an assessment of their understanding of six aspects of evolution (variation, inheritance,…

  6. Tuition vs. Intuition: Effects of Instruction on Naive Theories of Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtulman, Andrew; Calabi, Prassede

    2013-01-01

    Recent research suggests that a major obstacle to evolution understanding is an essentialist view of the biological world. The present study investigated the effects of formal biology instruction on such misconceptions. Participants (N = 291) completed an assessment of their understanding of six aspects of evolution (variation, inheritance,…

  7. 75 FR 62184 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Educational Assistance to Supplement Tuition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    ...: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20420, (202) 461-7485, FAX (202) 273-0443 or e-mail denise.mclamb@va.gov . Please... Responses: 12,000. Dated: October 4, 2010. By direction of the Secretary: Denise McLamb, Program...

  8. 26 CFR 1.6050S-1 - Information reporting for qualified tuition and related expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... an institution for the completion of course work leading toward a post-secondary degree, certificate, or other recognized post-secondary educational credential. (C) Example. The following example illustrates the rules of this paragraph (a)(2)(ii): Example. Student A, a medical doctor, takes a course at...

  9. The Impact of Aid Packages on Educational Choices: High Tuition-High Loan and Educational Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, Edward P.

    2001-01-01

    Summarizes prior studies with a focus on untangling how changes in student financial aid policy have influenced changes in opportunity. Also recommends new strategies for lowering student loan debt, increasing federal and state cooperation in providing adequate need-based grant aid, and developing policies that target debt forgiveness for…

  10. "We're the Customer- We Pay the Tuition": Student Consumerism among Undergraduate Sociology Majors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delucchi, Michael; Korgen, Kathleen

    2002-01-01

    Presents a questionnaire based study of sociology majors in a large U.S. sociology program that evaluates whether students view college in terms of a customer service orientation. Reports that students view higher education as a consumer-driven marketplace. Includes references. (CMK)

  11. Online supplementary mathematics tuition in a first-year childhood teacher education programme

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kathleen Fonseca; Nadine Petersen

    2015-01-01

    .... The study gives some insight into preservice teachers’ perceptions of an online programme for the development of mathematics common content knowledge for teachers of mathematics in the intermediate grades...

  12. Policy Considerations for Enhancing Student Access and Persistence in a World in Which Tuition Keeps Rising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.

    2007-01-01

    The United States no longer leads the world in college completion rates. Inequality in college access rates by income have barely narrowed over the last 25 to 30 years and inequality in college completion rates have narrowed even less. The groups in the population that are growing the most rapidly are those that have historically been…

  13. Religious Values and Tuition Vouchers: An Empirical Case Study of Parent Religiosity as a Factor of School Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichard, Joshua D.

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to determine whether parent religiosity is a statistically significant school choice factor. The Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) was administered to 215 parents in an urban, PreK-12 religious private school that participated in the Ohio Educational Choice (EdChoice) voucher program. The null hypothesis that there was…

  14. Good Quality Discussion Is Necessary but Not Sufficient in Asynchronous Tuition: A Brief Narrative Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fear, William James; Erikson-Brown, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Online learning is a growing field of education with a corresponding increase in the use of asynchronous discussion. Asynchronous discussion is a form of interaction that is mediated rather than direct and where there is a time lag in the interactions between discussants. In this paper we conducted a brief narrative review of the literature on…

  15. Religious Values and Tuition Vouchers: An Empirical Case Study of Parent Religiosity as a Factor of School Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichard, Joshua D.

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to determine whether parent religiosity is a statistically significant school choice factor. The Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) was administered to 215 parents in an urban, PreK-12 religious private school that participated in the Ohio Educational Choice (EdChoice) voucher program. The null hypothesis that there was…

  16. To What Extent Does Hong Kong Primary School Students' Chinese Reading Comprehension Benefit from After-School Private Tuition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Shek Kam

    2014-01-01

    The reading attainment of the 3,875 primary 4 Hong Kong primary school students participating in the 2011 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study ranked first among 49 countries and regions surveyed worldwide. Analysis of the association between (a) participating students' reading attainment and (b) responses to questionnaires completed…

  17. The Fiscal Impact of a Tuition Assistance Grant for Virginia's Special Education Students. Parent Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aud, Susan L.

    2007-01-01

    Parents of students with disabilities face a number of difficult choices in determining how to get the best education for their children. Too often, the special education system in public schools fails its students. Parents must become both experts and advocates for their children in order to navigate a burdensome maze of regulations to fight for…

  18. Video-based instructions for surgical hand disinfection as a replacement for conventional tuition? A randomised, blind comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Uwe; Constantinescu, Mihai A; Woermann, Ulrich; Schmitz, Felix; Schnabel, Kai

    2016-01-01

    Einleitung: Für die Unterrichtsgestaltung zur Einführung der chirurgischen Händedesinfektion stehen unterschiedliche Lernmethoden zur Verfügung. Diese Lernmethoden sollen dabei helfen, das Unterrichtsthema zu strukturieren und zu bewältigen. Der Einsatz eines Videofilms ist, durch die realen Darstellungsmöglichkeiten der praktischen Demonstration, eine Alternative zum konventionellen Unterricht. Ziel: Mit der vorliegenden Studie wird vergleichend untersucht, welche Vermittlungsform effektiver für das Erlernen und Anwenden der chirurgischen Händedesinfektion von Medizinstudenten im 1. Studienjahr ist: videobasierte Instruktion oder konventioneller Unterricht.Methodik: Insgesamt wurden 50 Medizinstudierende im 1. Studienjahr per Zufall entweder der Lerngruppe „konventionelle Instruktion“ (KI) oder der Lerngruppe „videobasierte Instruktion“ (VI) zugeordnet. Die konventionelle Instruktion erfolgte durch einen erfahrenen Nurse Preceptors/Nurse Educators für den Operationssaal, der die vorzubereitenden Massnahmen sowie die eigentliche Prozedur im Rahmen einer zweiminütigen Lektion vermittelte. Die zweite Gruppe sah eine Videosequenz von 2 Minuten mit identischen Inhalten. Beide Gruppen demonstrierten ihr akkumuliertes Wissen im Anschluss praktisch an einer einzelnen praktischen Prüfungsstation. Die Güte (a) der Vorbereitung und (b) der Prozedur wurde ebenso wie (c) die Qualität des Ergebnisses von 6 geblendeten Experten anhand einer Checkliste beurteilt. Die Akzeptanz der jeweiligen Vermittlungsform wurde mittels eines Fragebogens erfragt.Ergebnisse: Die Gruppenleistungen unterschieden sich weder in der Vorbereitung (t=-78, p<0.44) noch in der Qualität (t=-99, p<0.34). In Hinblick auf die Performanz konnte ein starker Treatment-Effekt nachgewiesen werden. In der Durchführung (t=-3.33, p<0.002, d=0.943) sowie im Total Score (t=-2.65, p<0.011, d=0.751) erzielte die Gruppe mit videobasierter Instruktion ein signifikant besseres Ergebnis. Auf die Frage, welche der beiden Lernmethoden sie bevorzugen würden, wurde von den Studenten mit deutlicher Mehrheit (60.4%) die Videoinstruktion angegeben.Schlussfolgerung: Der Einsatz der videobasierten Instruktion stellte sich in dieser Studie als die effektivere Vermittlungsform zum Erlernen der chirurgischen Händedesinfektion für Medizinstudierende heraus und ist der konventionellen Instruktion vorzuziehen. Die Videoinstruktion ist mit höherer Lerneffektivität, Effizienz und Akzeptanz assoziiert.

  19. Moving on up: How Tuition Tax Breaks Increasingly Favor the Upper-Middle Class. Charts You Can Trust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burd, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    The last several years has seen significant cuts to federal student aid funding to shore up the budget of the Pell Grant program, the primary source of government aid to low-income students. But in this paper, the author argues that there's a better way to keep the Pell Grant program viable: elimination of the American Opportunity Tax Credit and…

  20. In-State Tuition Policies under the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act. ECS Education Policy Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulton, Mary; Sponsler, Brian A.

    2015-01-01

    Ensuring access and affordability to a postsecondary education for veterans and their dependents has long been a focus of federal and state education policy. Developing policy to support educational attainment among these individuals has required state policymakers to address residency requirements for veterans to determine eligibility for…

  1. Postdoctoral Appointments: Motivations, Markets, and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jennifer M.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation considers three research questions. Why do scientists become postdoctoral scholars (postdocs)? What role do postdocs play relative to other categories of labor in research production? What factors are associated with a postdoc being dissatisfied? The literature review in Chapter 2 summarizes findings about which scientists are…

  2. "They're Telling Me What I Already Know Instead of What I Don't Know": Dyslexic Pupils' Experiences of Withdrawal Tuition during the Later Primary Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Rosemary

    2009-01-01

    This article reports findings from a qualitative case study whose main focus was on how four 10-11-year-old dyslexic pupils coped with the demands of classroom reading during their final two years (Years 5-6) at a primary school in the north of England. Data were also collected on more general issues associated with the pupils' experiences of…

  3. Don't Blame Faculty for High Tuition. The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2003-04

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.

    2004-01-01

    By last spring, most faculty members at public institutions of higher education were justifiably pessimistic about their likely salary increases for the 2003-04 academic year. Many states were running large budget deficits for the second or third year in a row and no longer had reserves to draw upon to balance their budgets. These shortfalls…

  4. 26 CFR 1.117-3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... amount of tuition, matriculation, and other fees which are furnished or remitted to a student to aid him... services and accommodations (see paragraph (d) of this section) and the amount of tuition,...

  5. Is College Pricing Power Pro-Cyclical?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altringer, Levi; Summers, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    We define pricing power as a college's ability to increase its net tuition revenue by raising its sticker-price for tuition. The greater is the positive effect of sticker-price increases on net tuition revenue, the greater is the pricing power. We gauge variation in the pricing power of private, non-profit baccalaureate colleges by estimating this…

  6. Aim High or Go Low? Pricing Strategies and Enrollment Effects when the Net Price Elasticity Varies with Need and Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curs, Bradley R.; Singell, Larry D., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Detailed data on individual applicants to a large public university are used to demonstrate that net price responsiveness decreases with need and ability. Enrollment effects are simulated and show a movement towards a high tuition/high aid (low tuition/low aid) policy significantly lowers (raises) tuition revenue with a modest increase (decrease)…

  7. Final Report on Institutional Computing Project s15_hilaserion, “Kinetic Modeling of Next-Generation High-Energy, High-Intensity Laser-Ion Accelerators as an Enabling Capability”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albright, Brian James [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Yin, Lin [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Stark, David James [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-02-06

    This proposal sought of order 1M core-hours of Institutional Computing time intended to enable computing by a new LANL Postdoc (David Stark) working under LDRD ER project 20160472ER (PI: Lin Yin) on laser-ion acceleration. The project was “off-cycle,” initiating in June of 2016 with a postdoc hire.

  8. FANTOM: Algorithm-Architecture Codesign for High-Performance Embedded Signal and Image Processing Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-25

    compar- ison environment at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, PSU. The comparison results were as expected and reported in DARPA... Shenzhen , China. 16 Duke Nihshanka Debroy MS Deloitte Consulting Paolo Bientinesi postdoc RWTH Aachen University Tian Xiao postdoc Wave Computation

  9. Collaborating in Life Science Research Groups: The Question of Authorship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study explores how life science postdocs' perceptions of contemporary academic career rationales influence how they relate to collaboration within research groups. One consequential dimension of these perceptions is the high value assigned to publications. For career progress, postdocs consider producing publications and…

  10. On the role of calcium in the regulatory volume decrease (RVD) response in Ehrlich mouse ascites tumor cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Nanna K.; Christensen, Søren; Harbak, Henrik;

    1997-01-01

    Fysiologi, volume regulation, phosphoinositidase C, Ins(1,4,5)P*U3, Ca*O2*O+-signaling, K*O+ channels, charybdotoxin, clotrimazole......Fysiologi, volume regulation, phosphoinositidase C, Ins(1,4,5)P*U3, Ca*O2*O+-signaling, K*O+ channels, charybdotoxin, clotrimazole...

  11. [Communique on the present status and future of anthropology taken from the meeting of department heads and principle scientists from the Society of Anthropology (GfA)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rühli, F; Schiefenhivel, W

    2009-09-01

    The primary goal discussed is to strengthen the scientifically important research discipline of anthropology in the coming years by reinforcing its position in the German university system as a trans-disciplinary field and to edify its image within the public eye. Like many other branches of science, anthropology has witnessed a number of profound changes in the university sphere in recent years. In addition to increased reliance on monetary funding, the fundamental structure of research and teaching in the university sector, the product of centuries-old development, is experiencing a transition phase and progressively operating ever more under the influence of"excellence monitoring" as well as the "Bologna" process. Financial cuts have led to the termination of once fix job positions at all levels, whereby the loss of mid-level positions requisite for a healthy and functional junior academic environment, such as post-doc jobs, is particularly unsettling. The still tangible burden of recent historical events and small number of prominent representatives in the field are problematic, however, the primary concern today involves the seemingly imminent closure of established anthropological centres and discontinuation of department chair positions. Fortunately, this ominous trend does not apply to all leading university departments, many of which are engaged in innovative and novel concepts, and has resulted in their general acceptance and the fortification of anthropology programs. Furthermore, it is becoming increasingly difficult to secure adequate funding for projects from money givers such as the DFG, mainly because of the relatively small size of the field. Specialization within the field at the university level obviously poses a serious problem for such a small holistic discipline (with regards to problem statements and methodology). The definition of anthropology as an entity is complicated by external influences such as newly developing research interests that

  12. The skill training of preventive health care among the rural order directional tuition in free medical students%农村订单定向免费医学教育中预防保健技能的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜; 梅武轩

    2015-01-01

    Preventive care skills are an important part of general practitioners′ job skills. Proper training of preventive care skills is very important for training well qualified general practitioners.According to the objectives of training the rural order directional talents receiving free medical education, the different aspects of preventive care skills cultivation of tuition⁃free medical students are discussed in order to strengthen the general medical education, set up the prevention and health care skills training course, integrate and optimize the teaching resources and establish the preventive health education platform, reform teaching method and means,and improve students′ability both in problem solving and community health practice.%预防保健技能是全科医生岗位技能的重要组成部分,加强农村订单定向免费医学教育中预防保健技能的学习,对培养高素质的全科医师具有重要意义。根据农村订单定向免费医学教育人才培养的目标要求,从加强全科医学教育、设置预防保健技能训练课程,整合和优化实践教学资源、建立预防保健实践教学平台,改革教学方法和手段,提高学生解决问题和社区卫生实践能力等方面探讨农村订单定向免费医学生预防保健技能的培养方法。

  13. 新疆免费师范生职业认同现状调查及对策研究%Investigation and Study on Teacher's Professional Identity of Xinjiang Tuition-free Normal University Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡文伯; 赵芸

    2015-01-01

    In order to ease the situation of teacher shortage , Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region decided to carry out its own tuition‐free normal education policy in 6 universities since 2010 . Based on the professional identity questionnaire and interview on tuition‐free normal students in five of the six universities that taken by the author ,it points out that compared to the little difference between different gender and major , a great difference occurred between whether they are the only child in their family , where are they from ,the grade in school ,nationality and family income .So based on the results of the survey , a favorable atmosphere of esteeming teachers and education should be constructed to increase the attraction of teacher as a career . The government should also put more effort on improving the education level of free normal students ;Cultivate the cross‐cultural adaptation of tuition‐free normal students ;Strengthen the supervision of the education practice and build an education method called‘co‐teaching’ in the foundation school . This paper tries to put forward some feasible suggestions on free normal education and training in order to further promote the development of free normal policy in Xinjiang .%为缓解新疆教师缺乏的现状,自治区于2010年起在疆内6所高校实施免费师范生政策。为研究新疆免费师范生职业认同的现状,对新疆5所大学的1032名免费师范生进行了问卷调查和访谈。结果显示,免费师范生在性别和生源地上不存在显著差异,在是否独生子女、专业、年级、民族以及家庭月收入上差异显著。基于调查结果试图从营造“尊师重教”的社会氛围,提高教师的职业吸引力;加强免费师范生的教育工作;培养免费师范生的跨文化适应性;加强对教育实习的监管,与基础学校构建“双导师”制的教学模式,为免费师范生的教育和培养提出切实可行的建议,进一步促进新疆免费师范生政策的发展。

  14. An Analysis of Section 529 College Savings and Prepaid Tuition Plans. A Report Prepared by the Department of Treasury for the White House Task Force on Middle Class Working Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of the Treasury, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Making college education more affordable is a central goal of the Obama Administration and has been a focus of Vice-President Biden's Taskforce on the Middle Class. To that end, the Task Force asked U.S. Treasury Department to prepare this report on how to make Section 529 college savings plans a more effective and reliable tool for families to…

  15. A Framework for the Supply and Demand Analysis of the Tuition Growth at Public Universities and Its Implications%公立大学学费增长的供求分析框架及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔世泉; 袁连生

    2010-01-01

    大学教育的供给曲线不同于追求利润最大化的厂商的供给曲线,政府的教育规划和财政约束以及缺乏成本约束和追求声誉最大化的学校行为选择共同决定高等教育的供给,而受市场影响的高等教育需求一定程度上会对政府和学校的供给行为产生影响,高等教育均衡的学费和规模是由需求和供给力量共同决定的.

  16. 科技风险与公众认知的关系研究%The Research of the Relationship between the Scientific & Technolo~:ical Risks and Public Co,tuition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾志强; 沈元军

    2012-01-01

    The research of the relationship between the scientific and technological risks and public cognition is helpful in solving problems such as the contradictory attitudes toward the risks from experts and the public, the contradictory attitudes toward public cognition of the risks, and the contradictions between the public cognition and trust on the risks. The relationship between the scientific and technological risks and public cognition includes two aspects, the public subjective cognition of the risks and the objective influence of the risks to public cognition, which are two processes differing from each other and interconnected as well. In order to comprehensively clarify the relationship between the risk and public cognition, a comprehensive theoretical analysis should be undertaken on the basis of the two processes above, and then works out the realistic revelation of the research on relationship between the scientific and technological risk and public cognition.%研究科技风险与公众认知的关系,有助于解决科技专家与公众对科技风险态度的才盾、科技专家与其他专家对公众认知科技风险的态度的矛盾、公众的科技风险认知与信任之间的矛盾等问题。科技风险与公众认知的关系,可分为公众对科技风险的主观认知和科技风险对公众认知的客观影响两个方面,这是既相互区别又相互联系的两个过程。对科技风险与公众认知关系的全面研究应在综合上述两个过程的基础上进行理论分析,由此得出现实启示。

  17. 论微观政治视角下的高校学费抵制%On Tuition Resistance in the Field of Higher Education: A Perspective of Micropolitics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡连玉

    2008-01-01

    从微观政治的视角考察,当高校实际收取的学费超出了合理范围时,就会导致学费抵制现象.高校学费抵制现象可以分为"显性的"或"隐性的","即期的"或"远期的","放弃式的"或"利己式的"等不同类型.高校学费抵制较少受到关注,但影响深远,学费听证制度为克服这种现象提供了可能.对高校学费抵制进行分析,最终目的在于构建和谐的高等教育.

  18. Postdoctoral program guidelines.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teich-McGoldrick, Stephanie; Miller, Andrew W.; Sava, Dorina Florentina; Liu, Yanli; Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Biedermann, Laura Butler; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Hall, Lisa Michelle; Liu, Xiaohua H.; Ekoto, Isaac

    2012-04-01

    We, the Postdoc Professional Development Program (PD2P) leadership team, wrote these postdoc guidelines to be a starting point for communication between new postdocs, their staff mentors, and their managers. These guidelines detail expectations and responsibilities of the three parties, as well as list relevant contacts. The purpose of the Postdoc Program is to bring in talented, creative people who enrich Sandia's environment by performing innovative R&D, as well as by stimulating intellectual curiosity and learning. Postdocs are temporary employees who come to Sandia for career development and advancement reasons. In general, the postdoc term is 1 year, renewable up to five times for a total of six years. However, center practices may vary; check with your manager. At term, a postdoc may apply for a staff position at Sandia or choose to move to university, industry or another lab. It is our vision that those who leave become long-term collaborators and advocates whose relationships with Sandia have a positive effect upon our national constituency.

  19. Past, Present and Future of the Innovation Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ondřej Žižlavsk y

    2013-09-01

    management control of innovation performance under the postdoc research project “Innovation Process Performance Assessment: a Management Control System Approach in the Czech Small and Medium-sized Enterprises” No. 13- 20123P of the Czech Science Foundation.

  20. Postdoctoral patterns, career advancement, and problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerad, M; Cerny, J

    1999-09-03

    Postdoctoral appointments can have different functions and meanings, depending on the field and whether the postdoc is a man or a woman. The Ph.D.'s-Ten Years Later study confirmed that in biochemistry, the postdoc, not the Ph.D., has become the general proving ground for excellence both in academia and industry. Because they spent a longer time in these "mandatory" postdocs, biochemists had the largest proportion of untenured faculty 10 to 13 years after the Ph. D. In mathematics, where substantially fewer postdoctoral positions are available, Ph.D.'s taking postdocs are more likely to obtain faculty positions, but this is true only for men. University administrators should be accountable for monitoring the total time spent in these positions and should provide administrative assistance for skills training, career growth, and the job search. In addition, creative solutions concerning the dual-career couple phenomenon are necessary.

  1. A Fabric RevolutionAFFOA Is Weaving the Next Fiber and Textile Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    nuclear agents, provide sound reduction, and enable solar generation of power from the fabric itself • Apparel capable of changing color, based upon...programs, internship opportunities, skills certification, community college engage- ment, university collaboration, graduate studies, postdoc- toral

  2. Are we training pit bulls to review our manuscripts?

    OpenAIRE

    Walbot Virginia

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Good early training of graduate students and postdocs is needed to prevent them turning into future generations of manuscript-savaging reviewers. How can we intercalate typical papers into our training?

  3. Are we training pit bulls to review our manuscripts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walbot Virginia

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Good early training of graduate students and postdocs is needed to prevent them turning into future generations of manuscript-savaging reviewers. How can we intercalate typical papers into our training?

  4. Are we training pit bulls to review our manuscripts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walbot, Virginia

    2009-01-01

    Good early training of graduate students and postdocs is needed to prevent them turning into future generations of manuscript-savaging reviewers. How can we intercalate typical papers into our training?

  5. Gender-Specific Health Challenges Facing Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with twitter share with linkedin Gender-Specific Health Challenges Facing Women Global Research Global Research NIAID's Role ... Career Stage Postdocs' Guide to Gaining Independence Small Business Programs Compare NIAID’s Small Business Programs High-Priority ...

  6. Translational Science Project Team Managers: Qualitative Insights and Implications from Current and Previous Postdoctoral Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooten, Kevin C; Dann, Sara M; Finnerty, Celeste C; Kotarba, Joseph A

    2014-07-01

    The development of leadership and project management skills is increasingly important to the evolution of translational science and team-based endeavors. Team science is dependent upon individuals at various stages in their careers, inclusive of postdocs. Data from case histories, as well as from interviews with current and former postdocs, and those supervising postdocs, indicate six essential tasks required of project managers in multidisciplinary translational teams, along with eight skill-related themes critical to their success. To optimize the opportunities available and to ensure sequential development of team project management skills, a life cycle model for the development of translational team skills is proposed, ranging from graduate trainees, postdocs, assistant professors, and finally to mature scientists. Specific goals, challenges and project management roles and tasks are recommended for each stage for the life cycle.

  7. Understanding and Addressing Cultural Variation in Costly Antisocial Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    both postdocs had received more exposure to the other’s methods and outcomes. Both postdocs were only beginning to return quantified results in the...construction for the social sciences: Case studies concerning Divergent Modes of Religiosity”, submitted to Method and Theory in the Study of Religion. 2...Proceedings of the AAAI Fall Symposium on Adaptive Agents in Cultural Contexts ( AACC ’08), pages 8–17, Arlington, VA. AAAI Press. Bryson, J. J. (2009

  8. Putting PhDs to work: career planning for today's scientist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobin, Jennifer A; Clifford, Philip S; Dunn, Ben M; Rich, Susan; Justement, Louis B

    2014-01-01

    Individual development plans (IDPs) have been promoted nationally as a tool to help research trainees explore career opportunities and set career goals. Despite the interest in IDPs from a policy perspective, there is little information about how they have been used. The authors examined IDP awareness and use, the benefits of creating an IDP, and ways to facilitate its use by administering a survey to current or former postdoctoral researchers via the National Postdoctoral Association (NPA) and University of Alabama at Birmingham email lists; individuals belonging to Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology member societies who mentored postdocs; and postdoctoral administrators at member institutions of the Association of American Medical Colleges and the NPA. Although most postdoctoral administrators (>80%) were familiar with IDPs, less than 50% of postdocs and only 20% of mentors were aware of IDPs. For those postdocs and mentors who reported creating an IDP, the process helped postdocs to identify the skills and abilities necessary for career success and facilitated communication between postdocs and their mentors. Despite the fact that creating an IDP benefits postdocs and mentors, IDP use will likely remain low unless institutions and research mentors encourage trainees to engage in this process.

  9. Providing a setup and opportunities for better training of postdoctoral research fellows in an academic environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghayur Muhammad

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Thousands of young researchers come from different parts of the world every year to take up postdoctoral (postdoc research fellowship positions in the developed countries. In the US alone, there were 48,601 postdocs in the year 2005 working in different labs in the fields of science, health and engineering. Many pursue this option for lack of other alternatives. Expectedly, these individuals face a lot of difficulties in making this transition from being a student to becoming an employee of an institution. Many institutions are prepared to make this transition and period of stay easy for their fellows while others are not equipped at all. The presence of a postdoc office (established by an institution or an association (formed by the fellows can be of immense help to postdocs. Additionally, the availability of institutional professional development and leadership programs can also help to nurture and polish postdoc fellows into future faculty members and valuable members of the community at large. To name a few, these professional development programs can focus on communication and presentation skills, medical education, teaching and learning, bioethics and mentorship. There is an urgent need to address some or all of these issues so that better training environment and opportunities are available to this group of postdoc fellows.

  10. Practicing a New Curriculum in Turkey: Loose Coupling, Organisational and Social Milieus, and Their Practical Capital Formations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohl, Arnd-Michael; Somel, R. Nazli

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyses tuitional practices after a major curriculum change (2005) in primary schools of Turkey. Group discussions conducted with teachers and parents in five maximally contrasting schools (e.g. schools in a squatter and a middle-class neighbourhood of Istanbul) show that tuitional practices, being only "loosely coupled" with…

  11. Equal Protection, Immigration, and Education: "Plyler v. Doe"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Joseph R.; Doppen, Frans H.; Hollstein, Matthew S.

    2014-01-01

    When the Texas state legislature passed a law in the 1970s allowing school districts to deny enrollment or charge tuition to illegal immigrant children, the Tyler Independent School District instituted a $1,000 tuition rate for illegal immigrant children. Sixteen undocumented children from four Mexican families in Tyler filed a class-action suit…

  12. 34 CFR 648.62 - How can the institutional payment be used?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... institutional payment must be first applied against a fellow's tuition and fees. (b) After payment of a fellow's tuition and fees, the institutional payment may be applied against educational expenses of the fellow that... registration fees to participate in educational activities. (6) Expenses incurred in research. (7) Costs...

  13. Examining the Potential of Information Technologies to Improve Cost Control in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudhakar, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    The challenges facing publicly funded community colleges have never been greater. Declining state and federal support and decreasing property tax revenues have placed a tremendous pressure on tuition rates. Declining revenues combined with the lack of adequate cost control, has caused in-state tuition and fees at public 2-year colleges to increase…

  14. Assessing the Role of RCM in Decision-Making about Discontinuing Academic Programs and Restructuring Academic Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Louis J.

    2011-01-01

    The path of growth and development for many American colleges and universities is to add new programs, majors, minors, departments, institutes, and centers to their academic portfolios in order to meet new demands and pursue new knowledge. Their source of funding is primarily through raising tuition rates and increasing non-tuition financial…

  15. Nothing but Net: Helping Families Learn the Real Price of College. Education Outlook. No. 10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, students and parents have seen tuition costs at colleges and universities rise, to the extent that many low-income families may feel a college education for their child is out of their financial reach. However, this sky-high tuition is often partially, or even largely, subsidized by various forms of financial aid. For families to…

  16. A Preliminary Analysis of the Outcomes of Students Assisted by VET FEE-HELP

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2015

    2015-01-01

    VET FEE-HELP is an income-contingent loan scheme that assists eligible students undertaking certain vocational education and training (VET) courses (diploma, advanced diploma, graduate certificate and graduate diploma) with an approved provider by paying for all or part of their tuition costs. The tuition costs are paid directly to the provider.…

  17. The Demand for Higher Education in the U.S., 1927-72: The Public and Private Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hight, Joseph E.

    1975-01-01

    In assessing the impact that the increases in income and tuition charges have had on the share of the market captured by privately controlled institutions, results suggest that the rise in family income favors private enrollment but the rise in the private to public tuition ratio swamped the income effect. (Author/BP)

  18. Equal Protection, Immigration, and Education: "Plyler v. Doe"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Joseph R.; Doppen, Frans H.; Hollstein, Matthew S.

    2014-01-01

    When the Texas state legislature passed a law in the 1970s allowing school districts to deny enrollment or charge tuition to illegal immigrant children, the Tyler Independent School District instituted a $1,000 tuition rate for illegal immigrant children. Sixteen undocumented children from four Mexican families in Tyler filed a class-action suit…

  19. Financial Forces and the Future of American Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Rizzo, Michael J.

    2004-01-01

    Each year over the past quarter century, undergraduate tuition and fees in the United States have increased by an average of 2.5 to 3.5 percentage points above the inflation rate. This continuous rise recently led one congressman to propose that the government penalize institutions that raise their tuition by more than twice the rate of inflation…

  20. Labor Intensive or Labor Expensive? Changing Staffing and Compensation Patterns in Higher Education. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desrochers, Donna M.; Kirshstein, Rita

    2014-01-01

    Skyrocketing college tuitions and trillion-dollar student loan debt have put college and university spending in the spotlight. Policymakers, parents, and students are asking why tuitions at public four-year colleges and universities have soared nearly 160 percent since 1990 and how this is affecting the higher education workforce. This report…

  1. Curriculum Change at Liberal Arts Colleges: The Influence of Financial Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulsen, Michael B.

    1990-01-01

    A study tested the hypothesis: The greater the amount of philanthropic income per dollar of tuition, the smaller the fraction of bachelor's degrees in occupational fields. Findings support the contention that a college's tuition dependence is associated with its tendency to adjust its curriculum to match student consumer preferences. (MLW)

  2. On Promoting Pre-service English Teachers' Professional Development——Peer-videoing in Free-of-Tuition Normal Students' Teaching Practicum%试论职前英语教师的专业发展——同伴录像在免费师范生教育实习中的有效应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓芳; 刘芝花

    2011-01-01

    To innovate the teaching practice for higher efficiency and effect, peer-videoing, based on social constructivism and multimodal discourse analysis theory, is employed. A system of practice teaching centered on peer-videoing works in the following cycle, collective lesson planning-*- tutors' guide-*- having class and peer-videoing-* replaying of video-*- stimulated recall and peer discussion with supervisors and tutors individual reflection new lesson designing new teaching practice. Through the cycles, the authors find that the pre-service English teachers have developed their confidence in teaching and awareness of professional development; cultivated their ability to communicate and collaborate with others, improved their teaching skills and technical, practical* and critical reflective skills. Hence, the pre-service English teachers' professional development has been greatly promoted.%为创新实践教学、提高实习实效,在免费师范生教育实习中开展基于社会建构主义、多模态话语分析理论的同伴录像.通过构建基于同伴录像的教育实习体系,在集体备课→导师教案指导→上课与同伴录像→录像回放→刺激回忆与导师、同伴讨论→个体反思→教学新设计→教学新行动等循环往复的过程中,提升实习生的课堂教学自信与专业发展意识,发展与他人合作交流的能力,提高教学技能与反思能力,促进了职前英语教师的专业发展.

  3. Mid-Career PhD Physicists: Academia & Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan

    2017-01-01

    What jobs do mid-career PhD physicists hold? In a first-ever study, we collected data in 2011 from over 1,500 physics PhD recipients from the classes of 1996, 1997, 2000, and 2001. About 45% of the physics PhD recipients in these classes immediately took jobs that were not temporary, and over 40% accepted postdocs. How does taking a postdoc affect mid-career employment? What is the relationship between first job (after any postdocs) and mid-career employment? How do physicists' actual jobs compare with what they thought they would be doing when they graduated? Using our initial employment and mid-career data, I will answer these questions and more.

  4. Don't Wear Your New Shoes (Yet): Taking the Right Steps to Become a Successful Principal Investigator.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeroen de Ridder; Thomas Abeel; Magali Michaut; Satagopam, Venkata P; Nils Gehlenborg

    2013-01-01

    You finished your PhD, have been a postdoc for a while, and you start wondering, “What's next?” Suppose you come to the conclusion that you want to stay in academia, and move up the ladder to become a principal investigator (PI). How does one reach this goal given that academia is one of the most competitive environments out there? And suppose you do manage to snatch your dream position, how do you make sure you hit the ground running? Here we report on the workshop “P2P - From Postdoc To Pri...

  5. 48 CFR 237.7200 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., colleges, universities, or other educational institutions. This subpart does not include tuition assistance... used in the subpart— (1) “Facilities” do not include the institution's dining rooms or dormitories;...

  6. 34 CFR 645.40 - What are allowable costs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... trips, attend educational activities, visit museums, and attend other events that have as their purpose...-sponsored banquet or ceremony. (i) Tuition costs for postsecondary credit courses at the host...

  7. 20 CFR 633.304 - Section 402 cost allocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... development; tuition fees, books and other teaching aids; equipment and materials used in providing training..., data processing, communications, maintenance, and similar functions; and related materials, supplies... project directors. Additionally, all costs of clerical personnel, materials, supplies, equipment, space...

  8. Are Juvenile MBA Programs Helpful?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The tuition is 70,000 yuan ($10,300) a year and there are only 11 students in the class. Its curriculum aims to transform them into future business leaders and guarantees their admission into U.S. universities.

  9. Funding and Control: Critical Choices for Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, J. Richard

    1977-01-01

    Competition for public revenues will force colleges to establish priorities regarding social roles, curriculum, students, kinds of community service, tuition, and financial policies. Struggle to control policy by faculty, administration, local and state agencies is discussed. (RT)

  10. 77 FR 13388 - Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration; Privacy Act of 1974: Computer Matching Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... Payroll and Personnel System b. Treasury Child Care Tuition Assistance Records ] c. Public Transportation... Reporting System (STARS) [Treasury/IRS 10.007] l. Volunteer Records m. Annual Listing of Undelivered...

  11. 29 CFR 2510.3-1 - Employee welfare benefit plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... gift on occasions such as the sickness, hospitalization, death or termination of employment of...” shall not include a scholarship program, including a tuition and education expense refund program, under...

  12. The relevance of surveying content in mining engineering education

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tomi Oshokoya

    engineering education must therefore offer a broad knowledge-base, which .... mine surveying methods and their applications to mine planning, design and safety. .... offers formal tuition towards the National Diploma (N.Dip) and Bachelor of ...

  13. Reregistration of gynaecologists in South Africa - the profession's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congress attendance and self-study programmes ... development courses; (iI) tuition and instruction of students, nurses ... CME lectures, public addresses); and (iv) self-study (videos, ... We wish to acknowledge SASOG for its motivation and.

  14. The drivers of student enrolment and retention: A stakeholder ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and retention: A stakeholder perception analysis in higher education. ... and tuition, institutional performance, inconsistency in teaching quality and the relative ... retention, higher education, Q methodology, student development strategy, ...

  15. Institutionalizing Support for Undocumented Latino/a Students in American Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely; Vigil, Darsella

    2015-01-01

    This chapter investigates the institutionalization of support for undocumented students across states that either extend or deny in-state resident tuition (ISRT) benefits. In their review, the authors highlight promising practices.

  16. Three Essays on Education Policy: Empirical Analyses of the Challenges and Opportunities with For-Profit Colleges, Military Enlistment and Immigration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    133 Appendix 2: States with Favorable Tuition and Financial Aid State Policies for Undocumented Immigrants ... Undocumented Immigrants : 1997-2012 ................................................................. 135 Table 23: main results - PISA...tuition and financial aid state policies for  undocumented   immigrants , and indicator variables for imputed or          missing covariates. 1189 1189

  17. The Psychology of College Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supiano, Beckie

    2009-01-01

    Tuition just about always moves in the same direction: up. So wouldn't it be great if students could lock in tuition at their college and know they will pay the same amount for four years? Some colleges have tried the strategy only to find it hard to convince families that it's a good idea. Just last week, the Georgia Board of Regents voted to…

  18. Financing College in Hard Times: Work and Student Aid

    OpenAIRE

    Leisenring, Amy; Santos, Jose Luis; Orfield, Gary

    2011-01-01

    These are the third in a series of reports exploring the impact of California's fiscal crisis on the opportunities for underrepresented students in the California State University system. Although the Master Plan for Higher Education called for tuition-free affordable college for all qualified California students, the fiscal reality of California has led to the abandonment of that promise and rapidly rising tuition and other costs of college. Over the last decade, the California State Univers...

  19. The U.S. Market for Higher Education: A General Equilibrium Analysis of State and Private Colleges and Public Funding Policies

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    We develop a general equilibrium model of the market for undergraduate higher education that captures the coexistence of public and private colleges, the large degree of quality differentiation among them, and the tuition and admission policies that emerge from their competition for students. The calibrated version of the model matches well the aggregate characteristics of U.S. higher education including college attendance in public and private schools, tuition levels, and the distribution of...

  20. Shifting trends in higher education funding

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The global increase in the demand for tertiary education, with higher education systems expanding in many countries from elite systems to universal access, necessitated changes to the nature of higher education financing. Tuition fees, or other charges (where it was previously free) were introduced, substantial increases in tuition fees (where fees previously did exist) took place and student aid systems moved away from grants towards student loans (to replace or supplement grants). The contr...

  1. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with job placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, venues and tuition: Tuition: 4,000 yuan Date: August 12-19 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing Date: August 20-27 Venue: Friendship Hotel, 1 Zhongguancun Nanjie Street, Beijing

  2. Electronic Discharge Letter Mobile App

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lezcano, Leonardo; Triana, Michel; Ternier, Stefaan; Hartkopf, Kathleen; Stieger, Lina; Schroeder, Hanna; Sopka, Sasa; Drachsler, Hendrik; Maher, Bridget; Henn, Patrick; Orrego, Carola; Marcus, Specht

    2014-01-01

    The electronic discharge letter mobile app takes advantage of Near Field Communication (NFC) within the PATIENT project and a related post-doc study. NFC enabled phones to read passive RFID tags, but can also use this short-range wireless technology to exchange (small) messages. NFC in that sense co

  3. Theoretical research at the high energy frontier. Cosmology and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, Lawrence M. [Arizona State Univ., Mesa, AZ (United States); Vachaspati, Tanmay [Arizona State Univ., Mesa, AZ (United States)

    2015-10-15

    The research projects described in our original proposal are continuing, with completion of several of the envisaged projects, and several new related projects underway. Research of each of the Investigators and the postdocs supported by the grant are summarized in attached report.

  4. Epigenetic Regulation of Ovarian Tumor Immunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    The personnel receiving pay from the research effort: 1. Rajesh Rao, Pre-doctoral Trainee (Year 2) 2. Qingsheng Li, Post-Doc (Year 2) 3...K, Souleimanian NE, Lele S, Shrikant P, Old LJ, Valmori D, Ayyoub M. Differential expression of CCR7 defines two distinct subsets of human memory

  5. Making Sense of Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnsten, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Short description of current postdoc project that operates with a twofold perspective on sonification and visualization strategies related to the use of data. Here with a focus on Big Data and how it is being addressed by various artists working within the realm – or on the fringes...

  6. Collaborative Research: Neutrinos and Nucleosynthesis in Hot and Dense Matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alford, Mark [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)

    2015-05-31

    The Topical Collaboration funded one of Prof. Alford's graduate students, Jun (Sophia) Han, by providing 75% of her support. The work reported here was wholly or partly supported by the Topical Collaboration. Additional support, e.g. for postdoc Kai Schwenzer, came from Nuclear Theory grant #DE-FG02-05ER41375.

  7. Making Sense of Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnsten, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Short description of current postdoc project that operates with a twofold perspective on sonification and visualization strategies related to the use of data. Here with a focus on Big Data and how it is being addressed by various artists working within the realm – or on the fringes...... – of experimental sound based practices....

  8. Alternatives and passages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansbøl, Mikala

    2010-01-01

    -called "technological"). This brief positioning paper takes point of departure in an ongoing postdoc project following circulations and establishments of http://www.mingoville.com/ , which is a virtual universe with game based elements developed for beginning English teaching and learning.  The paper presents a Science...

  9. A short guide to technology development in cell biology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. van Steensel (Bas)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractNew technologies drive progress in many research fields, including cell biology. Much of technological innovation comes from "bottom-up" efforts by individual students and postdocs. However, technology development can be challenging, and a successful outcome depends on many factors. This

  10. Laser Spectroscopy's Roaring Nineties:Recollections from the First Decade at UGA%激光光谱研究在乔治亚大学飞速发展的10年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    William M Dennis

    2008-01-01

    The first decade at the University of Georgia (UGA) was an active and exciting time for Bill Yen, his students, post-docs and collaborators. In this paper, I highlight several papers that I hope capture this activity and provide a glimpse into this creative and productive period.

  11. An Integrative Wave Model for the Marginal Ice Zone based on a Rheological Parameterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    Key individuals are the PI, a postdoc, and Erick Rogers. Task 8: The modified WW3 will be tested using both hind- and fore- casts . WORK... slurry . Fig. 2. Reflection and transmission coefficients with respect to wave period. (a) From open water to an ice cover; (b) between two

  12. International academic mobility: towards a concentration of the minds in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Wende, Marijk

    2015-01-01

    International mobility of academics has risen over the last few decades, especially among PhD students and post-docs. This may be the result of deliberate policies to stimulate such mobility on the one hand and of growing imbalances in academic career opportunities on the other. The general belief

  13. Workshop Report: Early-Career Anthropologists: Vocation and Occupation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follis, Karolina S.; Rogler, Christian R.

    2015-01-01

    Casualisation takes different forms in different academic contexts, from the "adjunctification" of teaching in the U.S.A. to precarious grant-funded postdoc positions common in Europe and the U.K. and the efforts to introduce other forms of temporary academic employment in New Zealand (Shore and Davidson 2014) and Australia (Barcan…

  14. A Survey of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics Faculty Regarding Author Fees in Open Access Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cusker, Jeremy; Rauh, Anne E.

    2014-01-01

    Discussions of the potential of open access publishing frequently must contend with the skepticism of research authors regarding the need to pay author fees (also known as publication fees). With that in mind, the authors undertook a survey of faculty, postdocs, and graduate students in physical science, mathematics, and engineering fields at two…

  15. Don't Wear Your New Shoes (Yet): Taking the Right Steps to Become a Successful Principal Investigator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Ridder, J.; Abeel, T.; Michaut, M.; Satagopam, V.P.; Gehlenborg, N.

    2013-01-01

    You finished your PhD, have been a postdoc for a while, and you start wondering, "What's next?" Suppose you come to the conclusion that you want to stay in academia, and move up the ladder to become a principal investigator (PI). How does one reach this goal given that academia is one of the most

  16. Chemical Countermeasures for Antibiotic Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14.ABSTRACT New approaches are required to control multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial infections in military medical facilities ...New approaches are required to control multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial infections in military medical facilities , as injured Warfighters...current position: postdoc in the Disney lab TSRI Florida 15 CONCLUSION: New approaches are desperately required to control multi-drug resistant

  17. High Performance Bulk Thermoelectric Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ren, Zhifeng [Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States)

    2013-03-31

    Over 13 plus years, we have carried out research on electron pairing symmetry of superconductors, growth and their field emission property studies on carbon nanotubes and semiconducting nanowires, high performance thermoelectric materials and other interesting materials. As a result of the research, we have published 104 papers, have educated six undergraduate students, twenty graduate students, nine postdocs, nine visitors, and one technician.

  18. A short guide to technology development in cell biology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. van Steensel (Bas)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractNew technologies drive progress in many research fields, including cell biology. Much of technological innovation comes from "bottom-up" efforts by individual students and postdocs. However, technology development can be challenging, and a successful outcome depends on many factors. This

  19. Dispersion, Mixing, and Combustion in Uniform- and Variable-Density Air-Breathing High-Speed Propulsion Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-28

    Professor, Université Pierre et Marie Curie , Paris, France. 13 Following discussions with Dr. Chiping Li, our AFOSR Program Manager, the scalar...Krawczynski, Jean-Francois: contributed as a Caltech post-doc. Presently, Assistant Professor, Université Pierre et Marie Curie , Paris, France, and continuing

  20. International Wilhelm and Else Heraeus Physics School: Diffractive and electromagnetic processes at high energies

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    The school "Diffractive and electromagnetic processes at high energies" is held in Bad Honnef, August 17-21, 2015. Applications from students and postdocs are encouraged. The school programme consists of invited talks of the HERA, RHIC, TEVATRON and CERN programmes, invited lectures and talks contributed by the participants.

  1. Proceedings, 3rd International Satellite Conference on Mathematical Methods in Physics (ICMP13)

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the Conference is to present the latest advances in Mathematical Methods to researchers, post-docs and graduated students acting in the areas of Physics of Particles and Fields, Mathematical Physics and Applied Mathematics. Topics: Methods of Spectral and Group Theory, Differential and Algebraic Geometry and Topology in Field Theory, Quantum Gravity, String Theory and Cosmology.

  2. Career Satisfaction of Postdoctoral Researchers in Relation to Their Expectations for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Weijden, Inge; Teelken, Christine; de Boer, Moniek; Drost, Mariske

    2016-01-01

    While postdoctoral researchers (postdocs) are an increasingly important and productive group of employees in academia, they lack further career prospects and embeddedness within their organizations. This paper provides a rare glimpse into this relatively unexplored but important group. A comparative study of two Dutch universities included a…

  3. The Synthetic Teammate Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Performance Wing, Air Force Research Laboratory Dr. Christopher Myers is a post-doc at the Cognitive Engineering Research Institute ( CERI ). Dr...Andrea Heiberg was previously a research scientist at L3 Communications. Dr. Nancy Cooke is the lead scientist at CERI and a professor at Arizona

  4. Closeout Report to the Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padley, Paul [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Corcoran, Marjorie [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Ecklund, Karl [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Roberts, Jabus [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

    2013-06-26

    During the period of this grant faculty members, post-docs, and students, have participated in a number of experiments. These were KTeV, D0, CMS, and Mu2E. We have made important contributions to the hardware and the physics goals of each of these experiments.

  5. A Survey of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics Faculty Regarding Author Fees in Open Access Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cusker, Jeremy; Rauh, Anne E.

    2014-01-01

    Discussions of the potential of open access publishing frequently must contend with the skepticism of research authors regarding the need to pay author fees (also known as publication fees). With that in mind, the authors undertook a survey of faculty, postdocs, and graduate students in physical science, mathematics, and engineering fields at two…

  6. Ultra-Dense Quantum Communication Using Integrated Photonic Architecture: Second Quarterly Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    bipartite states. Phys. Rev. Lett., 98(6):060503, Feb 2007. [3] Po Dong, Wei Qian, Shirong Liao, Hong Liang, Cheng- Chih Kung, Ning-Ning Feng, Roshanak...with different azimuthal indices, i.e., different orbital angular momenta. Our effort is now picking up as a new postdoc, Ligong Wang , has arrived at

  7. Don't Wear Your New Shoes (Yet): Taking the Right Steps to Become a Successful Principal Investigator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Ridder, J.; Abeel, T.; Michaut, M.; Satagopam, V.P.; Gehlenborg, N.

    2013-01-01

    You finished your PhD, have been a postdoc for a while, and you start wondering, "What's next?" Suppose you come to the conclusion that you want to stay in academia, and move up the ladder to become a principal investigator (PI). How does one reach this goal given that academia is one of the most co

  8. NSSEFF Designing New Higher Temperature Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-13

    Zellman, Thomas Ciavatti, Jed Kistner-Morris, Julian Hassinger, Akshat Puri, and Tom Orvis) , supervised by postdocs Jack Simonson and Hua He. We are...undergraduate students Shelby Zellman, Ashley Zenbo, Plamen Kamenov, Thomas Ciavatti, Jed Kistner-Morris, Julian Hassinger, Akshat Puri, and Tom

  9. Piccoli experimenti fino al 2007. Il difficile passagio al super acceleratore LHC, Ora in costruzione

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    "GIOVANI ricercatori del CERN si trovano in una forte incertezza: quasi tutti vivono con borse di dottorato o di post-doc, e il posto fisso a Ginevra e' un'utopia. E' dei giorni scorsi l'annuncio di un taglio del personale di ulteriori 600 unita': (1 page).

  10. Meeting the Needs of the "Invisible University:" Identifying Information Needs of Postdoctoral Scholars in the Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunapala, Nirmala

    2014-01-01

    Academic libraries seek to play a central role in supporting the research enterprise on their campuses. Postdoctoral scholars ("postdocs") make substantial contributions to academic research and are an important group toward which services can be marketed. They are also difficult to find on many campuses, with some studies referring to…

  11. Administrative trends in U.S. dental schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Martin M; Rodriguez, Angel; Chen, Rebecca Y; Fu, Earl; Liao, Shu-Yi; Karimbux, Nadeem Y

    2014-11-01

    The aims of this study were to analyze the administrative trends in U.S. dental schools at the beginning and end of a thirteen-year period and to identify the predictive factors for those changes. Administrative trends were measured by the difference in the number of major administrative positions for 1997 and 2010 reported in American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and American Dental Association (ADA) publications. Secondary measures (program length, student enrollment, and tuition) were also gathered. The mean numbers of administrative positions per school significantly increased over the study period, while the mean number of clinical science departments per school significantly decreased. The change in the number of directors was positively correlated with the change in student enrollment, but inversely correlated with the change in number of vice/associate/assistant deans. The change in the number of clinical science departments was positively correlated with changes in student enrollment and out-of-state tuition, but inversely correlated with the change in in-state tuition. The number of all departments per U.S. dental school significantly decreased in this period. The schools that had consolidation of clinical science departments were less likely to have increases in student enrollment and out-of-state tuition, but more likely to have increases in in-state tuition.

  12. Relevance Of Utility Maximization In Student University Choice – A Consumption-Based Model For Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric S. SCHWARTZ

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper applies a model of utility-maximization to better understand the university choice process. Student decision-making for university choice is conceptualized as a purchase decision process through which students weigh the costs of colleges or universities they choose against their perceived benefits of attending these institutions. The key issues are the impact of consumer’s preferences, income, tuition, and costs in college decision-making. From this perspective, the paper describes the relationship between utility maximization and educational demand, effects of tuition increases, tuition discounting, and financial aid subsidies on university choice. A decision-making scheme for educational consumption is used in order to identify the stages of the university choice process and to predict the behavior of consumers in the higher education marketplace. The analysis points to the need to better inform students about the cost of postsecondary education which is a highly relevant aspect in the university choice process.

  13. Money or Joy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstadsæter, Annette; Kolm, Anne-Sofie; Larsen, Birthe

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of taxes on the individuals' choices of educational direction, and thus on the economy.s skill composition. A proportional labour tax induces too many workers with high innate ability to choose an educational type associated with high consumption value and low effort....... This increases the skill mismatch and aggregate unemployment in the economy. The government can correct for this distortion by use of differentiated tuition fees or tax rates.JEL codes: J64, J68, H21, H24Keywords: Unemployment, matching, education, optimal taxation, tuition fees...

  14. Science and Engineering Ph.D. Students' Career Outcomes, by Gender.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Conti

    Full Text Available We examine differences in the careers of men and women Ph.D.s from two major European universities. Having performed regression analysis, we find that women are more likely than men to be employed in public administration when the alternatives are either academia or industry. Between the latter two alternatives, women are more likely to be employed in academia. These gender differences persist after accounting for Ph.D.s' and their supervisors' characteristics. Gender gaps are smaller for Ph.D.s with large research outputs and for those who conducted applied research. Restricting the analysis to Ph.D.s who pursued postdoc training, women are less likely than men to be employed in highly ranked universities, even after controlling for their research outputs. Finally, we find gender differences in Ph.D.s' appointment to professorship, which are explained by the Ph.D.s' publication output and the quality of their postdoc training.

  15. Science and Engineering Ph.D. Students' Career Outcomes, by Gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conti, Annamaria; Visentin, Fabiana

    2015-01-01

    We examine differences in the careers of men and women Ph.D.s from two major European universities. Having performed regression analysis, we find that women are more likely than men to be employed in public administration when the alternatives are either academia or industry. Between the latter two alternatives, women are more likely to be employed in academia. These gender differences persist after accounting for Ph.D.s' and their supervisors' characteristics. Gender gaps are smaller for Ph.D.s with large research outputs and for those who conducted applied research. Restricting the analysis to Ph.D.s who pursued postdoc training, women are less likely than men to be employed in highly ranked universities, even after controlling for their research outputs. Finally, we find gender differences in Ph.D.s' appointment to professorship, which are explained by the Ph.D.s' publication output and the quality of their postdoc training.

  16. Highlights From the Second Conference on Graduate Education in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehl, Renee

    2014-03-01

    The Second Conference on Graduate Education in Physics was held in January 2013 with more than 100 participants from 74 different institutions. The participants comprised a diverse group faculty from large and small departments, staff from industry and national labs, and graduate students and postdocs. The conference was aimed at fostering innovation and creativity in our approach to graduate education in physics. Because the majority of physics PhDs ultimately find permanent employment outside academia, and because of the many competing demands on new faculty, many departments are reviewing their graduate programs. The presentations and discussions at the conference included the increasing attention being paid to broader and more flexible graduate curricula, forming industrial partnerships, strategies to increase diversity, professional skills training for graduate students and postdocs, and improving mentoring practices and instituting family-friendly policies for graduate students.

  17. Women in physics in the Netherlands: Progress and developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolf, Petra; de Graaf, Noortje; Koornstra, Renée-Andrée; van Tijn, Paula; Kool, Dorien

    2015-12-01

    The visibility of women and the awareness of a healthy gender balance in physics in the Netherlands have clearly improved over the last few years. Initiatives to promote women and their possibilities to pursue a career in physics are plentiful and commendable. Nevertheless, the numbers do not yet show the desired impact of all these initiatives. Although student numbers have increased, the percentage of female first-year student remains at approximately 13% of the total students in physics. Similarly, the relative numbers of female PhD candidates and postdocs have been stable over the last years at (both) approximately 20% to 25%. Despite the number of women obtaining a PhD in physics and continuing a scientific career as postdoc, the presence of women further up on the scientific ladder in physics remains strikingly low. We will here focus on the current status, ambitions, and initiatives in the Netherlands to promote women, and especially to keep them, in physics.

  18. University-level nutrition training in West Africa: cost and financing issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Sodjinou

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a serious shortage of skilled nutrition professionals in West Africa. Investing in nutrition training is one of the strategies for strengthening the human resource base in nutrition. However, little is known about how nutrition training in the region is financed and the levels of tuition fees charged. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive assessment about the levels of tuition fees charged for nutrition training in the West Africa region and to determine to what extent this is of reach to the average student. Methodology: The data for this study were obtained from 74 nutrition degree programs operating in nine West African countries in 2013 through semi-structured interviews during on-site visits or through self-administered questionnaires. They included the age of the programs, school ownership, tuition fees, financial assistance, and main sources of funding. Tuition fees (in 2013 US$ were expressed per program to enable uniformity and comparability. Simple descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. Results: Results from 74 nutrition training programs in nine countries showed a wide variation in tuition fees within and between countries. The tuition fees for bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs, respectively, ranged from 372 to 4,325 (mean: 2,353; 162 to 7,678 (mean: 2,232; and 369 to 5,600 (mean: 2,208. The tuition fees were significantly higher (p<0.05 in private institutions than in public institutions (mean: US$3,079 vs. US$2,029 for bachelor's programs; US$5,118 vs. US$1,820 for master's programs; and US$3,076 vs. US$1,815 for doctoral programs. The difference in the tuition fees between Francophone and Anglophone countries was not statistically significant (mean: US$2,570 vs. US$2,216 for bachelor's programs; US$2,417 vs. US$2,147 for master's programs; US$3,285 vs. US$2,055 for doctoral programs. In most countries, the tuition fees appeared to be out of reach of the average student

  19. Computational Methods for Predictive Simulation of Stochastic Turbulence Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-05

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2015-0363 Computational Methods for Predictive Simulation of Stochastic Turbulence Systems Catalin Trenchea UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH...STOCHASTIC TURBULENCE SYSTEMS AFOSR GRANT FA 9550-12-1-0191 William Layton and Catalin Trenchea Department of Mathematics University of Pittsburgh...During Duration of Grant Nan Jian Graduate student, Univ . of Pittsburgh (currently Postdoc at FSU) Sarah Khankan Graduate student, Univ . of Pittsburgh

  20. Quantum Linear Systems Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    Matthew James, Andre Carvalho and Michael Hush completed some work analyzing cross-phase modulation using single photon quantum filtering techniques...ANU Michael Hush January – June, 2012, Postdoc, ANU Matthew R. James Professor, Australian National University Ian R. Petersen Professor...appear, IEEE Trans. Aut. Control., 2013. A. R. R. Carvalho, M. R. Hush , and M. R. James, “Cavity driven by a single photon: Conditional dynamics and

  1. PARTICIPATION IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, Christopher

    2012-12-20

    This grant funded experimental and theoretical activities in elementary particles physics at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). The experiments in which IIT faculty collaborated included the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, the MINOS experiment, the Double Chooz experiment, and FNAL E871 - HyperCP experiment. Funds were used to support summer salary for faculty, salary for postdocs, and general support for graduate and undergraduate students. Funds were also used for travel expenses related to these projects and general supplies.

  2. Learning Design for Sustainable Educational and Professional Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godsk, Mikkel; Bjælde, Ole Eggers; Caspersen, Michael E.

    2015-01-01

    This poster presents the impact of two learning design initiatives at Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University: the professional development module ‘Digital Learning Design’ (DiLD) for assistant professors and postdocs, and the STREAM learning design model for enhancing and transforming...... modules. Both DiLD and the STREAM model have proven to be effective for encouraging educators across all career steps to embrace the potential of educational technology in science higher education and for improving teaching and learning....

  3. Third International Satellite Conference on Mathematical Methods in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The aim of the Conference is to present the latest advances in Mathematical Methods to researchers, post-docs and graduated students acting in the areas of Physics of Particles and Fields, Mathematical Physics and Applied Mathematics. Topics: Methods of Spectral and Group Theory, Differential and Algebraic Geometry and Topology in Field Theory, Quantum Gravity, String Theory and Cosmology. http://www.uel.br/eventos/isc/

  4. Snakes in the wrong places: Gordon Rodda’s career in invasive species research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Jim

    2012-01-01

    When USGS research zoologist Gordon G. Rodda was a graduate student at Cornell University studying behavioral biology of alligators —or later, completing a post-doc at the Smithsonian Institute studying the social behavior of green iguanas in Venezuela or following that, as a statistics and sociobiology instructor at the University of Tennessee—he did not foresee that his professional future was in snakes. Lots of snakes, and in places they don’t belong.

  5. On the Importance of Conceptual Thinking Outside the Simulation Box

    CERN Document Server

    Loeb, Abraham

    2013-01-01

    Any ambitious construction project requires architects for its design and engineers who apply the design to the real world. As scientific research shifts towards large groups which focus on the engineering aspects of linking data to existing models, architectural skills are becoming rare among young theorists. Senior researchers should mentor qualified students and postdocs to think creatively about the big picture without unwarranted loyalty to ancient blueprints from past generations of architects.

  6. Undergraduate HBCU Student Summer Training Program for Developing Nanomedicines to Treat Prostate Cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    worked with Dr. Vinod Kumar, a postdoc fellow in Dr. Mahato’s lab. While on her training, Starr learned about prostate cancer, factor affecting ...ABSTRACT We conducted an integrated training and educational program for improving the participation of HBCU undergraduate students in prostate cancer...techniques (Ciera), polymer synthesis and nanomedicine development (Starr and Andrea), the effect of drug treatment on prostate cancer cells (My’Chelle

  7. ATLAS, CMS, LHCb and ALICE Career Networking Event 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Marinov, Andrey; Strom, Derek Axel

    2015-01-01

    A networking event for alumni of the ATLAS, CMS, LHCb and ALICE experiments as well as current ATLAS/CMS/LHCb/ALICE postdocs and graduate students. This event offers an insight into career opportunities outside of academia. Various former members of the ATLAS, CMS, LHCb and ALICE collaborations will give presentations and be part of a panel discussion and elaborate on their experience in companies in a diverse range of fields (industry, finance, IT,...). Details at https://indico.cern.ch/event/440616

  8. General Multidecision Theory: Hypothesis Testing and Changepoint Detection with Applications to Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-06

    Greg Sokolov 0.10 0.10 1 Names of Post Doctorates Names of Faculty Supported Names of Under Graduate students supported Names of Personnel receiving...NAME Total Number: NAME Total Number: Greg Sokolov (awarded May 2014) 1 ...... ...... Sub Contractors (DD882) Names of other research staff Inventions...Mathe- matical Sciences and Department of Mathematics 2. Greg Sokolov , PhD student, Department of Mathematics 3. Georgios Fellouris, Post-doc

  9. Evolution in Cloud Population Statistics of the MJO: From AMIE Field Observations to Global Cloud-Permitting Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudhia, Jimy [National Center for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), Boulder, CO (United States)

    2015-10-05

    The NCAR role in this project was to host a visiting PostDoc from the University of Miami. The NCAR PI (Jimy Dudhia) provided oversight of the PostDoc's work and mentoring and guidance as needed throughout the duration of the project. The University of Miami (the lead of this project), will provide the final technical report on the main work carried out under this proposal, which will be submitted once their no-cost extension period is completed.

  10. An Integrated Study of a Novel Thermal Coating for Nb-Based High Temperature Alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Shizhong [Southern Univ. and A & M College, Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    2015-01-31

    This report summarizes our recent works of ab initio density functional theory (DFT) method and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation on the interfaces between niobium substrate and coatings at atomic level. Potential oxidation barrier bond coat, Nb₂AlC and high entropy alloys, and top coat candidates were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated in our labs. The simulation methods, experimental validation techniques, achievements already reached, students and postdoc training, and future improvement are briefly introduced.

  11. NICBR Events at the Spring Research Festival | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poster Staff May 5 NICBR Scientific Symposium 8:30 a.m.–4 p.m., Building 549 Auditorium The National Interagency Confederation for Biomedical Research (NICBR) Scientific Symposium is open to postdocs, postbacs, graduate students, and technical support staff. The theme of this day-long symposium is “The Microbiome: Host Response to Disease”; however, presentations can cover any area of research being conducted by NICBR member organizations.  

  12. Researchers and Open Data – Attitudes and Culture at Blekinge Institute of Technology

    OpenAIRE

    P. Linde; E. Norling; Pettersson, A; Petersson, L; Pettersson, K.; A. Stockmann; S. Swartz

    2015-01-01

    During March 2015, the Blekinge Institute of Technology library carried out an interview survey comprising around 36 senior researchers and postdocs mainly in engineering sciences, with the objective to get a picture of how research data is managed at BTH and to find out what the researcher attitudes are to sharing data. The survey showed that most researchers in the study were positive to sharing research data but lacked any experience of making data management plans and had little or no kno...

  13. Web life: Gravity and Levity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Gravity and Levity is the personal blog of Brian Skinner, a theoretical condensed-matter physicist who began it back in 2009, when he was a PhD student at the University of Minnesota, US. He's now a postdoc at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where his research focuses on the behaviour of strongly correlated electronic systems, such as low-dimensional electron gases and materials such as graphene.

  14. Ma(d)skulinitet - Kønskamp i TV-køkkenet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    Når tv-kokke som Jamie Oliver, Gordon Ramsay og brødrene Price toner frem på skærmen, laver de ikke kun mad. De mixer også maskulinitet. For når en mand laver mad, laver maden også manden. Det mener postdoc Jonatan Leer, der i Ma(ds)kulinitet. Kønskamp i tv-køkkenet præsenterer, hvordan og hvorfor...

  15. Studies of Optical Dephasing in Inorganic Glasses by Bill YEN and His Students and Colleagues——An Informal History%Bill YEN与他的学生及合作者对无机玻璃中光学去相的研究——一段历史的回顾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David Huber

    2008-01-01

    This note is a brief, informal account of Bill Yen's pioneering investigations of optical dephasing in inorganic glasses. The work, carried out at the University of Wisconsin by Bill, together with his graduate students, post-docs and colleagues, had great impact on the field and led directly to our current understanding of the various mechanisms for dephasing and how they are reflected in the temperature dependence of the homogeneous linewidth.

  16. Studying Upper-Limb Amputee Prosthesis Use to Inform Device Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    processing pipelines that match standards in the field of biomechanics . This system and the associated pre and post processing techniques will provide much...These scripts have been written to match the guidelines of the international society of biomechanics (ISB) 8. Collection and setup of materials for the...adam.spiers@yale.edu Nearest person month worked: 12 Contribution to Project: Postdoc researcher responsible for running at-home and in-lab studies

  17. Early Student Support to Investigate the Role of Sea Ice-Albedo Feedback in Sea Ice Predictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-30

    all its versions employs the Los Alamos National Laboratory ( LANL ) sea ice model, known as CICE. The sea ice in CESM1 has been documented in a...their method so successful and yet a nonlocal relationship exists between sea ice meltponds and the location Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB... LANL , who is the chief developer of CICE. Dr. Hunke is a partner with the sea ice prediction network and has a postdoc working with her to improve CICE

  18. A short guide to technology development in cell biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Steensel, Bas

    2015-03-16

    New technologies drive progress in many research fields, including cell biology. Much of technological innovation comes from "bottom-up" efforts by individual students and postdocs. However, technology development can be challenging, and a successful outcome depends on many factors. This article outlines some considerations that are important when embarking on a technology development project. Despite the challenges, developing a new technology can be extremely rewarding and could lead to a lasting impact in a given field.

  19. Don't Wear Your New Shoes (Yet: Taking the Right Steps to Become a Successful Principal Investigator.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeroen de Ridder

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available You finished your PhD, have been a postdoc for a while, and you start wondering, “What's next?” Suppose you come to the conclusion that you want to stay in academia, and move up the ladder to become a principal investigator (PI. How does one reach this goal given that academia is one of the most competitive environments out there? And suppose you do manage to snatch your dream position, how do you make sure you hit the ground running? Here we report on the workshop “P2P - From Postdoc To Principal Investigator” that we organized at ISMB 2012 in Long Beach, California. The workshop addressed some of the challenges that many postdocs and newly appointed PIs are facing. Three experienced PIs, Florian Markowetz (Group Leader, Cambridge Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, Gary Bader (Associate Professor, The Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, and Philip Bourne (Professor, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, provided insight into the transition from a trainee to PI and shared advice on how to make the best out it.

  20. Rethinking the Business Model: Responsibilities of Governing Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trusteeship, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Colleges and universities are thinking strategically about their business models. Reductions in state and federal appropriations, endowment volatility, fundraising uncertainties, and limits on tuition increases are creating persistent shortfalls in operating budgets. This all comes when institutions are being called upon to enroll and graduate…

  1. Enrollment Pathways to Financial Sustainability: Choosing the Road Less Traveled

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supplee, Janice L.

    2014-01-01

    Rising costs, burgeoning debt, and falling credit ratings are among the financial challenges faced by small, tuition-dependent private colleges, including many members of the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU). In their efforts to generate more revenue, most of these institutions have focused on enrollment strategies as the…

  2. Regional Druggists: Pharmacy Schools Seek Rx for Shortage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Wendy

    2001-01-01

    Describes the responses of pharmacy schools in New England to the current shortage of pharmacists. The lengthened pharmacy program, recently expanded from 5 years to 6, is being accompanied by increased regional cooperation, with internships and some tuition breaks for pharmacy students. (SLD)

  3. Financial Management of Canadian Universities: Adaptive Strategies to Fiscal Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, Darren; Sá, Creso M.

    2014-01-01

    Decreasing government funding and regulated tuition policies have created a financially constrained environment for Canada's universities. The conventional response to such conditions is to cut programme offerings and services in an attempt to lower costs throughout the institution. However, we argue that three Canadian universities have reacted…

  4. Financial Management of Canadian Universities: Adaptive Strategies to Fiscal Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, Darren; Sá, Creso M.

    2014-01-01

    Decreasing government funding and regulated tuition policies have created a financially constrained environment for Canada's universities. The conventional response to such conditions is to cut programme offerings and services in an attempt to lower costs throughout the institution. However, we argue that three Canadian universities have…

  5. The Student Strike at the National Autonomous University of Mexico: A Political Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhoads, Robert A.; Mina, Liliana

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes political tensions related to student strikes at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), 1998-2000, which were sparked by proposed tuition fees. Discusses conflict between social justice sentiments focused on free and egalitarian access to higher education versus market-driven views promoting selective, competitive higher…

  6. Funding and Focus: Resource Dependence in Public Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowles, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    Utilizing resource dependence theory, this study investigates the relationship between institutional reliance on net tuition dollars as a source of revenue and institutional expenditures for education and related activities at public, four-year institutions of higher education in the United States. Drawing on an 11-year panel of university-level…

  7. How Income Contingent Loans Could Affect the Returns to Higher Education: A Microsimulation of the French Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtioux, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    We assess the implementation of income contingent loan (ICL) schemes for higher education in a context characterized by two main features: a formerly tuition-free system and a great heterogeneity in the quality and cost of higher education. In that case, ICL implementation leads to a trade-off between increasing "career" equity in terms…

  8. Academic substance and location: The national technical university of Athens' five-year program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spyrou, Kostas J.; Psaraftis, Harilaos N.

    2014-01-01

    hydrodynamics, marine structures, and marine engineering. To be awarded an engineering diploma in Greece, one has to spend a minimum of five years. The program at NTUA has also 10 semesters, out of which nine are dedicated to course study while the tenth is spend on the writing of a thesis. There is no tuition...

  9. When You Ask Me for Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, William A.

    1981-01-01

    The corporate community must continue to offer tangible (financial) support to help ensure the future of U.S. colleges and universities. Suggestions from a corporate donor include: approach those companies that make up a natural constituency; encourage gift-matching; spread the base of support; consider higher tuition fees for engineering and…

  10. Financing College in Hard Times: Work and Student Aid. The CSU Crisis and California's Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This report is the third in a series of reports designed to analyze the impact of the fiscal cutbacks on opportunity for higher education in the California State University system, the huge network of 23 universities that provide the greatest amount of Bachelor of Arts (BA) level of education in the state. The first study, "Higher Tuition,…

  11. AP: Not a Replacement for Challenging College Coursework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Margaret

    2016-01-01

    College affordability is weighing heavily this year on the minds of students, parents, faculty, and the U.S. electorate. Intent on saving money on college tuition as well as impressing college admissions committees, high-achieving students frequently start college-level work early through Advanced Placement courses. However, these courses do not…

  12. Student Exchange Programs Statistical Report, Academic Year 2007-08

    Science.gov (United States)

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Through the three student exchange programs administered by the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE), approximately 23,300 residents of 15 Western states are enrolled at reduced levels of tuition across a spectrum of undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. This annual report covers Fall 2007 enrollments in the…

  13. WICHE's PSEP: Professional Student Exchange Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) has been providing Western residents with "affordable access to the healthcare professions" for more than 55 years through its Professional Student Exchange Program (PSEP). If an individual enrolls through WICHE's PSEP, he pays reduced tuition at out-of-state public and…

  14. 38 CFR 21.4254 - Nonaccredited courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... courses and which are offered by a public or private, profit or nonprofit, educational institution. These... tuition, books, supplies, tools, student activities, laboratory fees, service charges, rentals, deposits... advertising of any type which is erroneous or misleading, either by actual statement, omission, or...

  15. A Controlled Study of the Flipped Classroom with Numerical Methods for Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Jacob L.

    2013-01-01

    Recent advances in technology and ideology have unlocked entirely new directions for education research. Mounting pressure from increasing tuition costs and free, online course offerings are opening discussion and catalyzing change in the physical classroom. The flipped classroom is at the center of this discussion. The flipped classroom is a new…

  16. Doing away with Debt: Using Existing Resources to Ensure College Affordability for Low and Middle-Income Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannenberg, Michael; Voight, Mamie

    2013-01-01

    America's college financial-aid system has helped millions of students obtain a postsecondary education, but the system's flaws are increasingly apparent. Growth in tuition and fees outpace available resources, particularly for students striving to rise out of poverty. Low- and middle-income students confront frightening levels of education debt.…

  17. Positioning for Competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapovsky, Lucie; Hubbell, Loren Loomis

    2000-01-01

    Analyzes results of the 1999 National Association of College and Business Officers tuition discounting survey and identifies trends. Finds colleges and universities are reactively responding to market pressures and proactively trying to analyze and position themselves ahead of the competition, often regional rather than national, for the…

  18. Should Community College Be Free? Forum. "Education Next" Talks with Sara Goldrick-Rab and Andrew P. Kelly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Kelly, Andrew P.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, "Education Next" talks with Sara Goldrick-Rab and Andrew Kelly. President Obama's proposal for tuition-free community college, seems to have laid down a marker for the Democratic Party. Vermont senator Bernie Sanders is touting his plan for free four-year public college on the primary trail; Massachusetts senator…

  19. India's Trade in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Shailendra

    2015-01-01

    India has had an extremely adverse balance of trade in education. Though only a minor education exporter through Mode 2, India is the world's second largest student-sending country. Nevertheless, given English as the medium of instruction especially in apex institutions, low tuition and cost of living, quite a few world-class institutions, and a…

  20. Education of Undocumented Children in Texas: A Status Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.

    The education of undocumented children in Texas is an issue that has been sparked by public opinion and media exposure and fueled by a series of state and federal court suits challenging state and local policies which exclude these children from the benefits of tuition free public education. The controversy is based on a 1975 revision in the state…

  1. Are International Students Cash Cows? Examining the Relationship between New International Undergraduate Enrollments and Institutional Revenue at Public Colleges and Universities in the US

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantwell, Brendan

    2015-01-01

    There has been growing interest in the business of international education. It is often assumed that universities seek international students as a means of generating revenue. The broad purpose of this study was to understand the effects of increased international student enrollment on net tuition revenue. Informed by resource dependency and…

  2. The Growth of International Student Enrollment at Community Colleges and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anayah, Bernadette; Kuk, Linda

    2015-01-01

    An emerging trend today is the increased enrollment of international students at community colleges. International students look to American community colleges as a steppingstone to achieving an education that might otherwise be beyond their reach. They are attracted to the community college by the lower tuition costs, opportunities for guaranteed…

  3. House Bill 1079: 2013-14 Student Enrollment Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jim

    2015-01-01

    Effective July 1, 2003, House Bill (HB) 1079 allows any student, including presumed undocumented students who meet specific criteria, to pay in-state tuition at Washington's public colleges and universities. In addition to meeting certain conditions, the affidavit states that the student will file for permanent residency at the earliest…

  4. The Influence of Active Participation and Organisation in Environmental Protection Activities on the Environmental Behaviour of Pupils: Study of a Teaching Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baur, Armin; Haase, Hans-Martin

    2015-01-01

    Until now, many efforts in the area of environmental education, intended to instill consciously responsible behaviour into the general public in Germany, have failed. Several of the available intervention studies aimed at improving environmental behaviour of pupils with classroom tuition were able to show positive results, but there were often…

  5. The Evolution of the Student as a Customer in Australian Higher Education: A Policy Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitman, Tim

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, the Australian Federal Government attempted to de-regulate higher education fees so as to allow universities to set their own tuition fees. The associated public debate offer critical insights into how the identity of a student as a "customer" of higher education is understood and deployed when developing higher education…

  6. Pop Goes the Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Steven J.

    2013-01-01

    The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school…

  7. Three Essays on Chinese Higher Education after Expansion and Reform: Sorting, Financial Aid, and College Selectivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyalka, Prashant Kumar

    2009-01-01

    Since the late 1990s, China has dramatically increased its college enrollments, the number and diversity of its higher education institutions, university tuition fees, and financial aid. Now students from a wider range of backgrounds have significantly more opportunities to attend college and also compete for entry into more selective…

  8. The Growing Role of Private Giving in Financing the Modern University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speck, Bruce W.

    2010-01-01

    Increased use of private funds to support public higher education is essential, but private funding undoubtedly shapes the university in ways that challenge academic traditions, creating a new paradigm for financing the modern university. In this chapter, the author describes the three sources of funding for higher education: (1) tuition and fees;…

  9. AB 540 Community College Students in Southern California: Making Connections and Realizing Dreams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleza, Michelle Gonzales

    2013-01-01

    This study applies the construct of institutional agents and the associated theories of social capital and social networking to understand the influence of institutional agents on Latino undocumented community college students who qualify for tuition equity in California under AB 540. The purpose of this study was to identify the issues these…

  10. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube--and Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Bob

    2011-01-01

    In fall 2009, this author participated in mass protests in California against tuition increases, furloughs, state budget cuts, and mass layoffs of schoolteachers, faculty members, and other public-sector workers. He states that what was so inspiring about these demonstrations was their formation of a new model of coalition politics. Taking the…

  11. 38 CFR 21.7652 - Certification of enrollment and verification of pursuit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... hours being pursued by the reservist; (4) The amount of tuition, fees and the cost of books, supplies and equipment charged to a reservist who is incarcerated in a Federal, State or local prison or jail... or jail for conviction of a felony. (2) Educational institutions organized on a year-round basis...

  12. Differential Fee: From Conceptualisation to Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Todd C. Y.; Wong, Andrew L. S.

    A differential fee policy was adopted at the Open Learning Institute (OLI) of Hong Kong after a process of conceptualization, planning, proposal, approval and implementation. Under the differential fee policy different tuition rates were charged for different courses. The differential fee policy was conceptualized at OLI based on economics,…

  13. Education and Poverty Correlates: A Case of Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiyo, Julius

    2015-01-01

    Education is widely accepted as the main backbone of growth and development of individuals and the nation. However, its achievement continues to elude many who are poverty stricken. Government of Kenya introduced free primary education in 2003 and tuition free secondary education in 2008. It is estimated that about 3 millions children are not…

  14. New Way to Break Down Barriers to Higher Education: Build "Financial Capabilities"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Sarah; Graves, Erin M.

    2015-01-01

    Community colleges have traditionally responded to the financial needs of their students by removing or minimizing financial barriers to attending. Efforts to make community college tuition free fit with this philosophy, but where efforts to minimize or remove financial barriers to attending community college fall short is in empowering students…

  15. Should higher education subsidies depend on parental income?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Dur (Robert); C.N. Teulings (Coen); T. van Rens (Thijs)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractIn many countries, student grants, tuition fees, and subsidized loans depend on parental income. This paper examines the efficiency and distributional effects of such conditioning, and assesses whether it is optimal practice when the government wants to reduce after-tax income inequality

  16. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TEFL in China Certificate Training Program,With Job Placement ChinaJob.com(CAIEP)with the Center for Teaching & Learning in China,USA(CTLC) Date:August22-29,2007 Location:Beijing and Shenzhen City,Guangdong Province Program tuition:4,000 yuan(or $ equivalent)

  17. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, With Job Placement ChinaJob.com (CAIEP) with the Center for Teaching & Learning in China, USA (CTLC) Date: August 22-29, 2007 Location: Beijing and Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province Program tuition: 4,000 yuan

  18. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TEFL in China Certificate Training Program,with Job Placement China Job.corn(CAIEP) with the Center for Teaching & Learning in China,U.S.A.(CTLC) Date:August 22-29,2007 Location:Beijing and Shenzhen City,Guangdong Province Program tuition:4,000 yuan (or $ equivalent).

  19. Digging Deep: Evolution as Metaphor for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Andrea Avery teaches at a secular independent day school in Arizona. Annual tuition at the secondary school is comparable to the out-of-state rate at state universities, though a nearly $2 million annual financial aid budget allows the school to provide more than 20 percent of the students with financial aid. The fenced, suburban 40-acre campus is…

  20. Layers of Influence: Exploring Institutional- and State-Level Effects on College Student Views toward Access to Public Education for Undocumented Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garibay, Juan C.; Herrera, Felisha A.; Johnston-Guerrero, Marc P.; Garcia, Gina A.

    2016-01-01

    Providing undocumented immigrants access to public education remains a pertinent issue facing both institutions of higher education and state governments. While instate resident tuition (ISRT) has remained a contentious policy, little is known about how such policies, as well as other state contexts, influence college students' attitudes toward…

  1. Role of Community Colleges in the Implementation of Postsecondary Education Enrollment Policies for Undocumented Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhusser, H. Kenny

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the case of how the City University of New York (CUNY)--its central administrative offices and two of its community colleges--has addressed the issue of college access for undocumented immigrants in its implementation of New York's college in-state resident tuition (ISRT) policy for this population. It highlights the role of…

  2. The Impact of Revenue Diversification on the Financial and Educational Outcomes of Private Colleges and Universities during the Great Recession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, James C.

    2014-01-01

    The recent economic recession threatened all traditional revenue sources possessed by colleges and universities. Resultant tuition increases have led stakeholders to demand greater accountability and fostered increased focus upon strategic financing from administrators. This dissertation examines the economic and political trends that have placed…

  3. Pamplin's executive MBA program partners with SAIC

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Sookhan

    2010-01-01

    The Pamplin College of Business and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), a Fortune 500 scientific, engineering and technology applications company headquartered in McLean, Va., have formed an alliance to provide a tuition discount for the firm's employees enrolling in the college's executive MBA program.

  4. Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors' Perceived Influences on the Secondary Transition Planning Process and Postsecondary Outcomes of Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller-Warren, Vickie

    2014-01-01

    Outside agencies such as vocational rehabilitation agencies are designed to help provide services such as job coaching, mental health services, tuition assistance, and life-skills training for students with disabilities during and after high school so that they may obtain postsecondary success (Gil, 2007). This study examined the perceived…

  5. Using SERVQUAL to Measure the Quality of the Classroom Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stodnick, Michael; Rogers, Pamela

    2008-01-01

    Over the last three decades, higher education institutions have found themselves using vernacular that was once chiefly found in business disciplines, such as value-added and competitive advantage. With the rising costs of tuition, newer-generation students are seeing themselves more and more as customers and universities are beginning to adopt…

  6. How Should We Finance Medical Education? Health Manpower Policy Discussion Paper Series. No.: A7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, George E., Jr.

    The thrust of this paper is to suggest that the major alternative to the present system of financing medical education is to allow tuitions to rise but to interfere in capital markets, so that students can finance their expenses. Any such system of student finance should: introduce an element of competition between schools and encourage more…

  7. Graduate Students' Pay and Benefits Vary Widely, Survey Shows

    Science.gov (United States)

    June, Audrey Williams

    2008-01-01

    Graduate students face an array of choices when evaluating compensation-and-benefits packages that make comparisons difficult. A "Chronicle" survey shows that the offers to teaching assistants and research assistants vary widely. Some institutions cover 100 percent of graduate students' tuition, while others waive only a portion. It is possible to…

  8. Back to School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Students at Beijing’s Zhongguancun No.3 Primary School raise the national flag on September 1, when primary and middle schools across China started the fall semester.China is exempting about 28.21 million urban students in the nine-year compulsory education program from tuition fees this semester. The students need to pay for textbooks and uniforms only.

  9. Expanding Gerontology Enrollments: Successful Results of an Innovative Outreach Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sandra L.; Haley, William E.; Hyer, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    As state budget allocations for higher education decrease, "specialty" programs such as gerontology must continually demonstrate their productivity. State and private universities increasingly rely on student credit hours (SCH) or tuition generated, which is making it difficult for many gerontology programs to expand. The School of Aging Studies…

  10. Watchable Wildlife and Demand-Driven General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alley, Richard B.

    2013-01-01

    The societal benefits of an educated citizenry may be lost if "customers" at tuition-driven universities demand less of what they pay for because they value a credential more than the education it represents. Insights from potential employers may help students see the value of education and demand their money's worth.

  11. The Neglected Case of the "W": Waste or Wisdom?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Sridhar; Wyandotte, Annette

    2016-01-01

    Institutional withdrawal policies allow students with academic and personal difficulties to avert or minimize damage to the GPA by dropping a course in which they may risk a grade of "D" or "F," or to reduce credit hours to better manage those that remain. Offsetting costs involve lost tuition, delay of progress, and perhaps…

  12. How Military Service Affects Student Veteran Success at Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Rourke, Patrick C., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly more service members are separating from the military as the United States draws down the force and moves towards a post-war era. Tens of thousands of these veterans will leverage their GI Bill tuition and housing benefits in an attempt to access Southern California community colleges and bolster their transition into mainstream…

  13. Double Your Pleasure, Double Your Funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, Miles; Sitton, Bob

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a variety of fun activities that college and universities can develop as alumni fund-raising events: a golf tournament; scholarship auctions (silent, on-the-spot, live televised, and live); charitable raffles; duck dashes; themed banquets; and a tuition raffle. (MSE)

  14. JOB INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Training Information: TEFL in China Certificate Training Program, with job placement This intensive training program will prepare you as a native speaker of English to be qualified to teach oral English in China, even without previous teaching experience. Dates, venues and fees: Tuition:4,000 yuan

  15. A School for the Common Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baines, Lawrence; Foster, Hal

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the history and the concept of the common school from the Common School Movement reformers of the 1850s to the present. These reformers envisioned schools that were to be tuition free and open to everyone, places where rich and poor met and learned together on equal terms. Central to the concept of the common school is its…

  16. Lessons from Maine: Education Vouchers for Students since 1873. Cato Briefing Papers No. 66.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Frank

    Since 1873, Maine has financed the private school education of thousands of K-12 students. This lets parents in towns without traditional public schools choose from a list of approved private and public schools, enroll their children, and have the town pay the tuition up to an authorized amount. The town receives full or partial reimbursement from…

  17. The Supreme Court in the Culture Wars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabkin, Jeremy

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the U.S. Supreme Court has been an active and liberally biased participant in the U.S. culture war. Historical evidence is presented, including areas of tuition tax credit and segregated private schools, abortion and the Right-to-Life movement, and prayer in public schools. The author discusses how the Supreme Court has strengthened…

  18. Expanding Gerontology Enrollments: Successful Results of an Innovative Outreach Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sandra L.; Haley, William E.; Hyer, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    As state budget allocations for higher education decrease, "specialty" programs such as gerontology must continually demonstrate their productivity. State and private universities increasingly rely on student credit hours (SCH) or tuition generated, which is making it difficult for many gerontology programs to expand. The School of Aging Studies…

  19. Why Does College Cost So Much?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Robert B.; Feldman, David H.

    2010-01-01

    Much of what is written about colleges and universities ties rapidly rising tuition to dysfunctional behavior in the academy. Common targets of dysfunction include prestige games among universities, gold plated amenities, and bloated administration. This book offers a different view. To explain rising college cost, the authors place the higher…

  20. Helping Students and the Bottom Line: Creating a Module-Based Academic Program to Drive SEM Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Jeffrey P.

    2012-01-01

    The chief academic officer to whom the author once reported gave him the freedom to be creative in implementing their institution's then-new, three-year strategic enrollment management (SEM) plan. For the fall 2010 semester, they had already exceeded projected net-tuition dollar amounts for the entire academic year. Just five months prior to…

  1. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Short-Term Effects of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on Student Outcomes"

    Science.gov (United States)

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The study examined the impact of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on high school students' academic and behavioral outcomes. Depending on how long the student had attended Kalamazoo Public Schools (KPS), the scholarship would cover up to 100 percent of tuition and fees for attending any public college or university in the state of Michigan. The…

  2. The Effects of Lecturer Commitment on Student Perceptions of Teaching Quality and Student Satisfaction in Chinese Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jian; Wilkins, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction has become an important concept in higher education because students are paying higher tuition fees and increasingly seeing themselves as customers and because satisfaction is commonly used as an indicator of quality by quality assurance agencies and the compilers of rankings and league tables. In business organisations, it…

  3. Teacherbot: Interventions in Automated Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayne, Sian

    2015-01-01

    Promises of "teacher-light" tuition and of enhanced "efficiency" via the automation of teaching have been with us since the early days of digital education, sometimes embraced by academics and institutions, and sometimes resisted as a set of moves which are damaging to teacher professionalism and to the humanistic values of…

  4. The Implications of State Fiscal Policies for Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowd, Alicia C.; Shieh, Linda Taing

    2014-01-01

    A variety of policies and practices, including those developed by local boards and administrations, as well as those mandated by state and federal governments, affect budgets and finances at community colleges. Examples include tuition policies, fee structures, performance-based funding, and personnel policies. This chapter explores some of the…

  5. 34 CFR 668.28 - Non-title IV revenue (90/10).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., 2012, include as revenue the net present value of the loans made to students during the fiscal year, as... amount as tuition, fees, or other institutional charges. (b) Net present value (NPV). (1) As illustrated...) Cash basis accounting. Except for institutional loans made to students under paragraph (a)(5)(i)...

  6. Reed College: The Intellectual Maverick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitzman, Barry

    1979-01-01

    Reed College, a small, liberal arts college with high academic distinction, is described. Faculty participate in virtually all policy decisions and are hired and promoted according to the quality of their teaching. Its finances are improved, but it is still underfinanced and too heavily dependent on tuition income. (MLW)

  7. Deficit Prevention: Budget Control Model for Enrollment-Dependent Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsley, Michael K.

    1994-01-01

    An ongoing system of short-term budget controls that test actual performance against budget forecasts is essential for enrollment-dependent independent colleges. The budget control model presented here is a tool to inform the management continuously of changes in the all-important tuition revenue stream. (Author/MSE)

  8. "Forest Grove School District v. T.A." Supreme Court Case: Implications for School Psychology Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Shauna G.; Eusebio, Eleazar C.; Turton, William J.; Wright, Peter W. D.; Hale, James B.

    2011-01-01

    The 2009 "Forest Grove School District v. T.A." United States Supreme Court case could have significant implications for school psychology practice. The Court ruled that the parents of a student with a disability were entitled to private school tuition reimbursement even though T.A. had not been identified with a disability or previously…

  9. Career Aspirations of Non-Managerial Women: Adjustment and Adaptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hite, Linda M.; McDonald, Kimberly S.

    2003-01-01

    Focus group data from 26 nonmanagerial women indicated that they often adapted their career goals due to life circumstances. Family responsibilities, job security, and organizational support systems (e.g., job flexibility, tuition reimbursement, mentoring) influenced career success and satisfaction. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

  10. The Impact of Higher Fees on Psychology Students' Reasons for Attending University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaye, Linda K.; Bates, Elizabeth A.

    2017-01-01

    The introduction of the new UK tuition fees resulted in concerns about the impact on higher education (HE) uptake, and raised questions regarding students' motivations for attending university. The current study explored first-year undergraduate psychology students' (N = 56) reasons for attending HE through a series of focus groups. These were…

  11. Rethinking the Business Model: Responsibilities of Governing Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trusteeship, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Colleges and universities are thinking strategically about their business models. Reductions in state and federal appropriations, endowment volatility, fundraising uncertainties, and limits on tuition increases are creating persistent shortfalls in operating budgets. This all comes when institutions are being called upon to enroll and graduate…

  12. Educational Choice. A Background Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quality Education for Minorities Network, Washington, DC.

    This paper addresses school choice, one proposal to address parental involvement concerns, focusing on historical background, definitions, rationale for advocating choice, implementation strategies, and implications for minorities and low-income families. In the past, transfer payment programs such as tuition tax credits and vouchers were…

  13. 26 CFR 1.25A-2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... educational institution as a condition of the student's enrollment or attendance at the institution. (ii... institution for the enrollment or attendance of the student at the institution. (iii) Nonacademic fees. Except... enrollment or attendance of the student at the institution. (3) Personal expenses. Qualified tuition and...

  14. 38 CFR 21.4500 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... (C) The default rate on all Department of Veterans Affairs education loans ever made to students at... default rate on all loans ever made to students pursuant to loan programs administered by the Department... actual cost of attendance means: (1) The actual charge per student for tuition, fees, and books; (2) An...

  15. Orchestrating Organizational Change in One Traditional Post-Secondary Institution in the Midst of Trying Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Joanne

    2012-01-01

    American higher education finds itself in a veritable upheaval as it attempts to respond to shifting social, economic, and political times. Raising tuition, cutting or consolidating programs, furloughing staff and faculty, drawing down endowments, and capping enrollments are common responses by public and private institutions. This qualitative…

  16. The Changing Face of Auxiliary Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villano, Matt

    2006-01-01

    With tuition on the rise, Auxiliary Services departments at a variety of colleges and universities are proving that they can innovate and still save their parent institutions cash. Primary areas of innovation include: (1) With advancements in technology, institutions are moving campus purchasing programs into the wireless space; (2) As junk mail …

  17. Student financial support. An inventory in 24 European countries. Background report for the project on portability of student financial support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossensteyn, Johan J.

    2004-01-01

    This report provides a description of the current national systems of student financial support in 24 European countries. It provides information on tuition fees, grants, scholarships, student loans, and indirect student support through students families (family allowances and tax benefits) and

  18. Direct and Unrestricted State Financial Aid and Private Higher Education in New York State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, John F.; Baynes, Peter A.

    1986-01-01

    Traces state financial aid to private colleges in New York State, culminating in McGeorge Bundy's subsidy program beginning in 1967. Questions whether students have actually benefited from Bundy Aid. A statistical analysis shows that private college tuition levels are determined more by academic quality than by costs, religious affiliation, or…

  19. Exploring Antecedents of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour among Teachers at Norwegian Folk High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    The folk high school (FHS) is a Nordic contribution to global education and is a unique approach to non-university adult education. Because expanded tuition is the true nature of Norwegian FHS, it is important for FHS that its teachers perform discretionary individual extra-role behaviour advantageous to the school organization, a phenomenon…

  20. Characteristics and Motivational Factors of Major Donors to Bowling Green State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latta, Marcia Sloan

    2010-01-01

    With declining state support, increased financial need on the part of the fastest growing demographic sections of the population, and public policy that discourages major increases in tuition for public higher education, the only logical source of additional finances for public colleges and universities is increased private funding through…

  1. Service with Style: Micki McIntyre--Health Sciences Library, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    After a brief career in musical theater, Micki McIntyre entered the graduate library program at Columbia University, where she noticed a poster advertising free tuition to library employees. "There was a vacancy at the health sciences library, and that's how a theater major became a medical librarian." She's a medical librarian with…

  2. Lowering Business Education Cost with a Custom Professor-Written Online Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker-Eveleth, Lori Jo; Miller, Jon Robert; Tucker, Laura

    2011-01-01

    Inflation-adjusted tuition and fees in education have risen for decades. College textbook costs have risen as well. The authors discuss reasons for higher textbook costs. The development and use of encyclopedic introductory textbooks creates higher monetary cost for students and higher nonmonetary cost for students and teachers, from increased…

  3. Understanding the Cost of Public Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Peter; Shulenburger, David

    2010-01-01

    This article explains the cost of education in public research universities. "Price," meaning "tuition," is often incorrectly substituted for "cost," meaning expenditures by the university that make the education possible. University cost is disaggregated to enable readers to distinguish between the costs associated with providing education to…

  4. Lowering the Cost Barrier to Higher Education for Undocumented Students: A Promising University-Level Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thangasamy, Andrew; Horan, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    Undocumented students, many of Hispanic origin, face among the strictest cost barriers to higher education in the United States. Lack of legal status excludes them from most state and all federal financial aid programs. Furthermore, most states require them to pay out-of-state tuition rates at publicly supported institutions. In a new direction,…

  5. Measuring Direct Teaching Costs: Does an Undergraduate Business Degree Cost More to Produce than a Nonbusiness Degree?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Michael M.; Karagiannidis, Iordanis

    2016-01-01

    Many universities have implemented tuition differentials for certain undergraduate degree programs, citing higher degree costs or higher demand. However, most college accounting systems are unsuited for measuring cost differentials by degree program. This research outlines a method that can convert commonly available financial data to a more…

  6. Undocumented Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Cheryl

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on the plight of undocumented immigrant students in the United States. Fights have been waged in various state legislatures over the past few years concerning whether undocumented immigrant students should be able to benefit from in-state tuition rates at public colleges and universities. But a story in The Wall Street Journal…

  7. Student Engagement and Web 2.0: What's the Connection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, Norman

    2010-01-01

    Over the past decade, rising tuition costs and concerns about student success and retention rates have led to an increased focus on levels of student engagement in higher education. The current interest in student engagement may be helping to revive the traditional view of education as a community of learners. The growing use of Web 2.0…

  8. Launching Foreign Language Programs in Elementary Schools: Highpoints, Headaches and How To's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Criminale, Ulrike

    The Language School in Seattle has conducted extracurricular foreign language classes in 31 local elementary schools for several years. Each school has a parent coordinator, the courses are tuition-supported, and the objectives are to establish language learning interest and cultural awareness using the Total Physical Response method. A dramatic…

  9. Higher Education Affordability: Two Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiSalvo, Steven R.

    2017-01-01

    There are two initiatives that can dramatically change the way college pricing and student debt are being handled under the current system. Both are commonsense solutions that would, if accepted, dramatically help students, graduates and families burdened by the cost of tuition and the loans they take to earn their degrees. First, income-based…

  10. Trends in College Pricing, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College Board, New York, NY.

    This report, based on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges, provides updated information on tuition and other expenses associated with attending public and private nonprofit institutions of postsecondary education in the United States in the 2002-2003 academic year. The annual survey is distributed to more than 2,900 postsecondary…

  11. 2004-05 Performance Year Ratings Impacting Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of South Carolina Aiken. Sector: Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This series of documents contains performance scoring information for 2004-2005 for individual institutions of higher education in South Carolina. This information is used in establishing 2005-2006 fiscal year allocations. Data includes: (1) Degrees Awarded; (2) Enrollment; (3) Average SAT score; (4) Faculty; (5) Tuition; and (6) Financial…

  12. Service Quality in Postgraduate Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angell, Robert J.; Heffernan, Troy W.; Megicks, Phil

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Measuring service quality in higher education is increasingly important for attracting and retaining tuition-based revenues. Nonetheless, whilst undergraduates have received substantial academic exposure, postgraduate-based research has been scant. Consequently, the objectives of this paper are threefold: first, to identify the service…

  13. High Costs, Uncertain Benefits: What Do Americans without a College Degree Think about Postsecondary Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.

    2015-01-01

    The path to economic mobility increasingly runs through postsecondary education. Although the combination of rising tuition prices and a difficult labor market have raised questions about the value of education after high school, degree and certificate holders are still better off than those with just a high school diploma. As a group, young…

  14. Projekty pro výuku programování v jazyce Java

    OpenAIRE

    PŘINOSIL, František

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the tuition of programming in object oriented programming language Java. It contains source codes with comments which explain the basics of programming. Further on this thesis contains the assigments of several partial projets used for practising the described problem.

  15. 2013-14 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Methodology Report. NCES 2014-067

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Mann, Farrah B.

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the universe, methods, and editing procedures used in the 2013-14 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) data collection. IPEDS data consist of basic statistics on postsecondary institutions regarding tuition and fees, number and types of degrees and certificates conferred, number of students enrolled, number…

  16. 2012-13 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Methodology Report. NCES 2013-293

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.

    2013-01-01

    This report describes the universe, methods, and editing procedures used in the 2012-13 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) data collection. IPEDS data consist of basic statistics on postsecondary institutions regarding tuition and fees, number and types of degrees and certificates conferred, number of students enrolled, number…

  17. 2011-12 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Methodology Report. NCES 2012-293

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Ginder, Scott A.

    2012-01-01

    This report describes the universe, methods, and editing procedures used in the 2011-12 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) data collection. IPEDS data consist of basic statistics on postsecondary institutions regarding tuition and fees, number and types of degrees and certificates conferred, number of students enrolled, number…

  18. We've Let Student Loans Become a Horror Story ... Now Is Time to Face It

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combe, Paul

    2013-01-01

    This article highlights an issue that has been slowly simmering over the past 30 years--Student Debt. As government loans quietly edged out grants, and college tuition continued to rise, debt has been piled on students without adequately preparing them to manage it. Research reports about 30% of the 37 million Americans with student loans are…

  19. A Question for Conferees...Looking for the Bottom Line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tranquada, Robert E.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Five college and university trustees and administrators explain how their institutions are approaching tuition containment. Issues the institutions have addressed in this context include need-blind admissions policy, using the Consumer Price Index as a budgeting criterion, enrollment changes, relationships with service vendors, personnel policy,…

  20. 29 CFR 541.606 - Board, lodging or other facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DEFINING AND DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE... lodging, such as meals furnished at company restaurants or cafeterias or by hospitals, hotels, or restaurants to their employees; meals, dormitory rooms, and tuition furnished by a college to its student...

  1. Why Does College Cost So Much?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Robert B.; Feldman, David H.

    2010-01-01

    Much of what is written about colleges and universities ties rapidly rising tuition to dysfunctional behavior in the academy. Common targets of dysfunction include prestige games among universities, gold plated amenities, and bloated administration. This book offers a different view. To explain rising college cost, the authors place the higher…

  2. A Cost Analysis Study of the Radiography Program at Middlesex Hospital Using Shock's Analysis Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Weymouth

    Federal and state governments want to decrease payments for medical education, and other payers are trying to restrict payouts to direct and necessary patient care services. Teaching hospitals are increasing tuition and fees, reducing education budgets and, in many instances, closing education programs. Hospital administrators are examining the…

  3. Parental perceptions: a case study of school choice amidst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ; multi- ... This article stems from a case study of parental school choice which was ... home or cost of tuition and whether an English-only experience is what ... offers parity of esteem to 11 official languages, and vouches for learners' right to be.

  4. The Impact of Private Schools on Educational Attainment in the State of São Paulo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Jonathan M. B.

    2015-01-01

    This study uses a comprehensive dataset on secondary school students in Brazil to examine the impact of private school enrollment on educational attainment in São Paulo. The results show that private school students (across all levels of tuition) perform better than their public school counterparts on Brazil's high school exit exam, even after…

  5. A discrete choice experiment studying students' preferences for scholarships to private medical schools in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, Rei; Kakihara, Hiroaki

    2016-02-09

    The shortage of physicians in rural areas and in some specialties is a societal problem in Japan. Expensive tuition in private medical schools limits access to them particularly for students from middle- and low-income families. One way to reduce this barrier and lessen maldistribution is to offer conditional scholarships to private medical schools. A discrete choice experiment is carried out on a total of 374 students considering application to medical schools. The willingness to receive a conditional scholarship program to private medical schools is analyzed. The probability of attending private medical schools significantly decreased because of high tuition, a postgraduate obligation to provide a service in specific specialty areas, and the length of time of this obligation. An obligation to provide a service in rural regions had no significant effect on this probability. To motivate non-applicants to private medical schools to enroll in such schools, a decrease in tuition to around 1.2 million yen (US$ 12,000) or less, which is twice that of public schools, was found to be necessary. Further, it was found that non-applicants to private medical schools choose to apply to such schools even with restrictions if they have tuition support at the public school level. Conditional scholarships for private medical schools may widen access to medical education and simultaneously provide incentives to work in insufficiently served areas.

  6. School Choice: Private School Choice Programs Are Growing and Can Complicate Providing Certain Federally Funded Services to Eligible Students. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-16-712

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Government Accountability Office, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Voucher and education savings account (ESA) programs fund students' private school education expenses, such as tuition. In school year 2014-15, 22 such school choice programs were operating nationwide, all but one of which was state funded. Under two federal grant programs, one for students with disabilities and one for students from disadvantaged…

  7. Young, Black, Mathematically Gifted, and Stereotyped

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Ebony

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, I describe the academic dilemma experienced by Tamara (pseudonym), a mathematically high-achieving high school sophomore. Raised in an economically strapped neighborhood, Tamara had the opportunity to attend a prestigious private high school, tuition free. Confronted by being viewed as an affirmative action student Tamara uses this…

  8. How Military Service Affects Student Veteran Success at Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Rourke, Patrick C., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly more service members are separating from the military as the United States draws down the force and moves towards a post-war era. Tens of thousands of these veterans will leverage their GI Bill tuition and housing benefits in an attempt to access Southern California community colleges and bolster their transition into mainstream…

  9. Student Organizations in Canada and Quebec's "Maple Spring"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bégin-Caouette, Olivier; Jones, Glen A.

    2014-01-01

    This article has two major objectives: to describe the structure of the student movement in Canada and the formal role of students in higher education governance, and to describe and analyze the "Maple Spring," the dramatic mobilization of students in opposition to proposed tuition fee increases in Quebec that eventually led to a…

  10. Placing Student Success at the Center of State Higher Education Finance Policy. Lumina Issue Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labi, Aisha

    2015-01-01

    What does it take to make it successfully through college? For a growing proportion of the nation's students--many of whom are racial and ethnic minorities, from low-income families, or the first in their families to enroll in higher education--the answer encompasses far more than affordable tuition and decent grades. As access to higher education…

  11. Shifting the Burden: Public and Private Financing of Higher Education in the United States and Implications for Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Donald E.; Rogers, Kimberly R.

    2006-01-01

    Over the last two decades, there has been a significant change in the financing of higher education in the United States. A decrease in student and institutional support in real terms, tuition increases at all types of institutions, along with the view that students are the primary beneficiaries of higher education has resulted in policies that…

  12. State Higher Education Finance FY 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    State Higher Education Executive Officers, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Financing higher education requires political leaders, policymakers, and educators to address broad public policy questions, including ascertaining: the levels of state funding to colleges and universities that are necessary to maintain the economic and social well-being of the American people; the tuition levels that are appropriate given the…

  13. Financing Higher Education Worldwide: Who Pays? Who Should Pay?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, D. Bruce; Marcucci, Pamela N.

    2010-01-01

    No issue in higher education is as salient, or as controversial, as finance. As demand for higher education around the world grows, so do the costs associated with it, especially as governments shoulder less of the burden. Tuition fees rise and student loan debt grows. Who pays for these surging costs? Who "should" pay? D. Bruce Johnstone and…

  14. The Social Effects of the Australian Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Gary Neil

    2009-01-01

    Australia's Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS) is an income contingent loan scheme, in which university students pay back part of the costs of their tuition after their post-university income reaches a certain threshold, is an important policy innovation for the financing of higher education. However, its critics claim that HECS increases…

  15. Financing Higher Education in Kenya: Student Perceptions and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngolovoi, Mary S.

    2008-01-01

    In response to declining governmental funding, cost-sharing in higher education and dual-track tuition policies were introduced in the 1990s in Kenya. The decline of government funding in higher education was a result of slow economic growth, competing public needs (such as health, elementary education, and infrastructure), and pressure to reduce…

  16. Financing Higher Education: Lessons from China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fengliang, Li

    2012-01-01

    In China, debates about higher education finance led to the introduction of a cost-sharing model, whereby students were required to pay tuition fees, over a decade ago. However, there is still significant resistance towards such a system within the broader society. In order to share insights into the development of the cost-sharing policy in China…

  17. Income Share Agreements on Campus: A Practice Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Institutes for Research, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Next fall, students at Purdue University may have a new way to pay their tuition: income share agreements (ISAs). ISAs are an alternative form of higher education financing in which students pledge a fixed percentage of future earnings in exchange for money to pay for college. ISAs present a new challenge to the nation's colleges and universities,…

  18. Students' Futures as Investments: The Promise and Challenges of Income-Share Agreements. AEI Series on Private Financing in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, Jon

    2016-01-01

    Income-share agreements (ISAs) are an emerging idea for helping students pay for college. Under an ISA, investors provide upfront sums of money toward students' college tuition and other associated costs in exchange for a fixed percentage of the recipients' earnings after graduation. This paper--the first in a series examining private financing in…

  19. The Politics of Access: Measuring the Social Returns on Post-Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conlon, Michael

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the most recent data on the cost and financing of a post-secondary education. It also examines the burgeoning debate in Canada about the relationship between tuition fees and access to post-secondary education. In recent years longitudinal data collection has improved and there is now a relatively wide body of research…

  20. The Indispensable Leader: The Study of Leadership Qualities of the Chief Enrollment Management Officer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liedtke, Richard W.

    2013-01-01

    Higher education like many sectors is experiencing financial instability during recent turbulent economic conditions. Many institutions of higher education rely on tuition dollars as a major portion of the operating budget and therefore need to manage enrollment effectively. With enrollment management being critical to the viability of an…

  1. Early Fives Program Evaluation: Farmington Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peper, H. Robert

    An evaluation of the Early Fives program of the Farmington (Michigan) Public Schools is reported. This extra-year program began in the 1980-81 school year. By the 1982-83 school year, tuition was no longer charged, and a systematic screening effort was implemented. Each Early Fives classroom contains a maximum of 15 children with a certified…

  2. Can Teacher Education Survive in the Private University?.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Judith A.

    1980-01-01

    The future of teacher education programs at most private universities is uncertain. Student enrollments in education courses are at an all-time low. Private institutions suffer from competition with state universities which can offer training in teacher education at a lower tuition fee. (JN)

  3. E-Learning Practices in North Cyprus Universities: Benefits, Drawbacks and Recommendations for Effective Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hismanoglu, Murat

    2011-01-01

    The nature of higher education is changing in the world today. Rising tuition fees, reduced budgets, and an increasing need for distance education (New Media Consortium, 2007) are pushing educational institutions to reinvestigate how education is delivered. In line with this shifting context, e-learning is being practiced more and more frequently…

  4. Getting into Higher Education: Young People's Views of Fairness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minty, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Free tuition in Scotland is frequently linked to principles of equal access and fairness. But just how "fair" do young people think access to higher education is? And what concepts of fairness are their views based on? This article reports the findings of semi-structured interviews with 121 young people aged 15-18 in Scotland. The paper…

  5. Statewide Factbook: Community and Technical Colleges of Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Austin. Div. of Community and Technical Colleges.

    Included in this statewide factbook for Texas community and technical colleges are the following eight sections, each with its own summary analysis. Section 1 reports on the annual headcount enrollment, which includes academic year 1994-1995 enrollment charts by type of major, gender, race/ethnicity, and tuition status, and a chart for enrollment…

  6. Education or Reputation? A Look at America's Top-Ranked Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakoff, Michael; Alacbay, Armand

    2014-01-01

    ACTA [American Council of Trustees and Alumni] today released a report that examines the country's most prestigious liberal arts colleges. Despite endowments soaring as high as $1.8 billion, nearly all institutions increased tuition during the Great Recession to finance bloated administrative spending, with many college presidents enjoying…

  7. From Apprenticeship to Higher Education: Navigating the Credential Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dismore, Harriet

    2014-01-01

    The credential landscape of vocational and higher education in the UK has expanded in recent years, alongside a rise in the number of students undertaking qualifications and a steady increase in tuition fees. The transition from an apprenticeship to higher education is one example of the progression from vocational to higher education. However,…

  8. Maryland Higher Education Commission Data Book 2016. Creating a State of Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryland Higher Education Commission, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This document presents statistics about higher education in Maryland for 2016. The tables in this document are presented according to the following categories: (1) Students; (2) Retention and Graduation; (3) Degrees; (4) Faculty; (5) Revenues & Expenditures; (6) Tuition and Fees; (7) Financial Aid, and (8) Private Career Schools. [For…

  9. Characteristics of the Formation of Pricing Strategies by the Higher Educational Institutions of Moscow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logunova, O. S.

    2011-01-01

    The growth of private universities in Russia has made tuition costs an increasingly important factor in students' enrollments across institutions. So far, however, universities do not compete on price, but this strategy will need to change as the system matures and as economic and demographic changes occur. (Contains 1 note.) [This article was…

  10. Communicating Politics: Using Active Learning to Demonstrate the Value of the Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    In the context of higher tuition fees, the Government's employability agenda and growing concern for defined career development strategies among young people, there is a need more effectively for Politics programmes to foster the capacity to communicate politics. Without communicating the implications and relevance of politics the subject and the…

  11. 78 FR 60864 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... time measure to assist students and their parents in the college selection process. Award information... Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for Review..., tuition and fees, average net price, student financial aid, graduation rates, revenues and...

  12. The Impact of Instructor Attire on College Student Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, David L.; Davies, Thomas L.; Lavin, Angeline M.

    2010-01-01

    Colleges and universities are keenly interested in developing a positive relationship with current students as well as maintaining contact with alumni for a variety of enrollment and financial reasons. Institutions spend a growing amount of time and effort in an attempt to retain their existing student body as tuition and fees are needed to help…

  13. Investigating Students' Levels of Engagement with Mathematics: Critical Events, Motivations, and Influences on Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grehan, Martin; Mac an Bhaird, Ciarán; O'Shea, Ann

    2016-01-01

    Universities invest significant resources in the provision of mathematics tuition to first year students, through both traditional and non-traditional means. Research has shown that a significant minority of students do not engage with these resources appropriately. This paper presents findings from a study of two groups of students at Maynooth…

  14. Money Worries Keep Students Going to Campus Food Banks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval, Timothy

    2012-01-01

    Hunger on campus is part of a lingering national problem that grew after the financial crisis that began in late 2007. In an unforgiving economy, many students across the country struggle not only to pay tuition but also to buy food. Colleges and nonprofit groups have noticed, and more are reacting. Food pantries are cropping up on two-year and…

  15. Mastering Mobile Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panettieri, Joseph C.

    2007-01-01

    Without proper security, mobile devices are easy targets for worms, viruses, and so-called robot ("bot") networks. Hackers increasingly use bot networks to launch massive attacks against eCommerce websites--potentially targeting one's online tuition payment or fundraising/financial development systems. How can one defend his mobile systems against…

  16. State Gender Equity Law & Athletic Participation among Community Colleges in Washington State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Jennifer L.; Horton, David, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of partial tuition waivers for athletic participation among community colleges in Washington State and its implications for state and federal gender equity policy and legislation. Using a mixed-methods approach, this article presents findings from Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act data, document analysis, and…

  17. Undergraduate Orientations towards Higher Education in Germany and England: Problematizing the Notion of "Student as Customer"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budd, Richard

    2017-01-01

    There is a great deal of discussion in the academic literature around how the current conditions in higher education frame students as customers. Observers are of the view that rankings and marketing, an increased focus on student satisfaction, and particularly tuition fees, encourage an instrumental, passive attitude towards a university…

  18. The Rising Tide: "Branding" and the Academic Marketplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Robert M.

    2004-01-01

    Over the past decade, deliberate efforts to "market" colleges and universities to specific audiences have gone from being a marginal--and somewhat suspect--activity in higher education to becoming a strategic imperative. Heightened competition for top students, increasing bottom-line pressures due to tuition discounting and comparative "shopping"…

  19. Envisioning Workforce Training Differently: The Obama "Free" Community College Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Education, particularly at the post-secondary level, does not come cheaply in the USA, with the increase in annual tuition costs far outpacing the inflation rate during the same time period. A core tenet of US President Obama's domestic policy agenda is the belief that increased educational attainment can potentially lead to better economic…

  20. All Net: A Meaningful Way to Look at College Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baum, Sandy

    2004-01-01

    Recent headlines about spiraling college prices combined with congressional proposals to penalize colleges and universities that increase their tuitions much faster than the rate of inflation could lead one to conclude that America faces an unprecedented crisis in college affordability. Closer examination of what students actually pay for college,…

  1. The Liberal Arts Bubble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agresto, John

    2011-01-01

    The author expresses his doubt that the general higher education bubble will burst anytime soon. Although tuition, student housing, and book costs have all increased substantially, he believes it is still likely that the federal government will continue to pour billions into higher education, largely because Americans have been persuaded that it…

  2. Say Yes to Education: Leading a Movement to Improve Access to Postsecondary Learning Opportunities in Cities Nationwide. Principles for Effective Education Grantmaking. Case Study No. 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeroff, Gene I.

    2014-01-01

    What incentive could be stronger in a community than full-tuition college scholarships for all graduates of a public school system? Could this be an answer to the question of how the nation can support children growing up in poverty so that they may access middle-class opportunities? When George Weiss, a successful young money manager, pledged to…

  3. Opening the Schoolhouse Doors: Tax Credits and Educational Access in Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II.; Erickson, Angela C.

    2014-01-01

    In 2013, Alabama adopted the Alabama Accountability Act, an education reform measure that includes two new school choice programs that extend a lifeline to Alabama students trapped in failing public schools. One program offers a tax credit to help offset the cost of tuition for families who move their children from public schools designated as…

  4. After 60 Years, Do the Arguments for K-12 Vouchers Still Hold?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laitsch, Dan

    2016-01-01

    In 1955, Milton Friedman authored a foundational paper proposing a shift in funding and governance mechanisms for public K-12 schools, suggesting that parents be awarded tuition vouchers that they could use to pay for private sector education services for their children, rather than relying on government provided neighborhood schools. Friedman…

  5. The Fiscal Impact of a Corporate & Individual Tax Credit Scholarship Program on the State of Indiana. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David

    2009-01-01

    Indiana legislators are currently debating the merits of a proposal to adopt a statewide tuition scholarship tax credit program. The proposed program would make available $5 million in tax credits that businesses and individuals could claim by making donations to non-profit Scholarship Granting Organizations (SGOs). SGO donations would be matched…

  6. How to Fight the High Cost of Curricular Glut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bugeja, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Curriculum management is at the source of issues consuming academics, including high tuition, low adjunct pay, shared governance, graduate education, academic calendars, and budgetary models. The issue has the most impact at Ph.D.-granting public universities, but any institution can benefit from analyzing the source of poorly managed pedagogy,…

  7. International Students Attending Canadian Universities: Their Experiences with Housing, Finances, and Other Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calder, Moira J.; Richter, Solina; Mao, Yuping; Kovacs Burns, Katharina; Mogale, Ramadimetja S.; Danko, Margaret

    2016-01-01

    Universities recruit international students for a number of reasons, including enhancement of global contacts and reputation, to increase enrolment, and to generate revenue from tuition. These students face unique challenges as compared with domestic students, but no published studies or reports exist on this issue. In this article we report our…

  8. Prices, Productivity, and Investment: Assessing Financial Strategies in Higher Education. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, Edward P.

    This digest of a full report of the same title critically examines the cost controversy in higher education to better understand the types of financial strategies that can help resolve the crisis in college costs. A look at why these costs are so controversial finds that rapid rise in tuition, public debate about educational expenditures and real…

  9. Cost Benefit Studies. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Arthur; Marson, Arthur A.

    This document applies Dr. Mehar Aurora's method for conducting cost benefit studies to the Food Manufacturing Technology-Dairy and the Food Manufacturing Technology-Canning and Freezing programs offered by the Moraine Park Technical Institute. Costs to individual students enrolled in the programs include tuition, fees, housing, travel, books,…

  10. The Influence of Affordability in Strategic Enrollment Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugh, Susan L.; Thompson, Roger J.

    2008-01-01

    In state houses around the country, one of the common higher education themes is affordability. As tuition costs have increased at rates exceeding that of inflation, students and families have pressed their legislative representatives to examine these increases. Affordability is a term used by various constituent groups, and its definition varies…

  11. Using a Merit-Based Scholarship Program to Increase Rates of College Enrollment in an Urban School District: The Case of the Pittsburgh Promise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozick, Robert; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Engberg, John

    2015-01-01

    The Pittsburgh Promise is a scholarship program that provides $5,000 per year toward college tuition for public high school graduates in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania who earned a 2.5 GPA and a 90% attendance record. This study used a difference-in-difference design to assess whether the introduction of the Promise scholarship program directly…

  12. Student financial support. An inventory in 24 European countries. Background report for the project on portability of student financial support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossensteyn, J.J.

    2004-01-01

    This report provides a description of the current national systems of student financial support in 24 European countries. It provides information on tuition fees, grants, scholarships, student loans, and indirect student support through students families (family allowances and tax benefits) and supp

  13. Public Policies, Prices, and Productivity in American Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    2013-01-01

    Rapid increases in what colleges charge and what they spend per student have been and remain one of the most controversial aspects of American higher education. Tuition, fees, and other college charges have increased in both the public and private sectors at more than twice the rate of inflation for over a quarter century. Trends over time in what…

  14. Characterising One-to-One Conservatoire Teaching: Some Implications of a Quantitative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Gemma Marian; Bridgstock, Ruth; Taylor, Peter; McWilliam, Erica; Grant, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Despite the significant recent growth in research relating to instrumental, vocal and composition tuition in higher education, little is known about the diversity of approaches that characterise one-to-one teaching in the conservatoire, and what counts as optimal practice for educating twenty-first-century musicians. Through analysis of…

  15. The State Role in Financing Community Colleges: A Model for Improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Terry

    1985-01-01

    Explores trends in the state role in community college funding and college responses to those trends, underscoring the need for an improved funding formula model. Identifies specific goals and components of such a model, covering areas including governance, budgeting standards, tuition pricing, community education, and state and institutional…

  16. The Challenge of Fundraising in Universities in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Esparrells, Carmen; Torre, Eva M.

    2012-01-01

    The current financial context constitutes a challenge to European Higher Education Institutions in the sense that they must look to increasing their budgets with new activities. This context has led governments and European universities to promote not only the traditional private funding sources (such as transfer of knowledge or tuition fees), but…

  17. Fundraising and Community College Chief Executives: A Study of Development in the Southern Regional Education Board States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinchback, Garland Keith

    2011-01-01

    The atmosphere of monetary support for the community college and the community college president has changed. State funding and tuition have always been the primary sources of revenue at public higher education institutions. Unfortunately, tightening state budgets have led to a decrease in state financial support adding to the need to find…

  18. Leading the Fundraising Effort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, G. Jeremiah; Palmer, James C.

    2005-01-01

    Community colleges now depend on fundraising to fill a growing gap between institutional needs and financial support from tuition and government taxes. As a result, fundraising has become a critical component of fiscal leadership. This chapter describes emerging ways in which fundraising is being viewed and organized in the community college.

  19. Harnessing the Tax Code to Promote College Affordability: Options for Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenti, Joe; Bergeron, David; Baylor, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    The United States tax code is full of provisions designed to encourage or reward specific behaviors, such as owning a home or saving for retirement. Tax benefits for higher education are no exception: Contributions to some college savings accounts grow tax-free, college tuition is often tax deductible, and some student-loan borrowers are able to…

  20. Saving Alma Mater: A Rescue Plan for America's Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garland, James C.

    2009-01-01

    America's public universities educate 80% of our nation's college students. But in the wake of rising demands on state treasuries, changing demographics, growing income inequality, and legislative indifference, many of these institutions have fallen into decline. Tuition costs have skyrocketed, class sizes have gone up, the number of courses…

  1. Chiropractic Colleges Seek Legitimacy amid Financial Woes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    Many of the nation's chiropractic colleges, like other small colleges that rely heavily on tuition, are struggling to stay in business. At the same time that they are working to improve their stature in higher education and broadening their missions to increase their appeal, a number of the colleges are seeing enrollments plummet--and revenues are…

  2. "Forest Grove School District v. T.A." Supreme Court Case: Implications for School Psychology Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Shauna G.; Eusebio, Eleazar C.; Turton, William J.; Wright, Peter W. D.; Hale, James B.

    2011-01-01

    The 2009 "Forest Grove School District v. T.A." United States Supreme Court case could have significant implications for school psychology practice. The Court ruled that the parents of a student with a disability were entitled to private school tuition reimbursement even though T.A. had not been identified with a disability or previously provided…

  3. Conceptualising Student Voice in UK Higher Education: Four Theoretical Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canning, John

    2017-01-01

    The "student voice" is highly profiled in UK higher education, yet highly under-theorised. Over the past 20 years UK universities have gone from a taxpayer-funded, free at the point of use model, to one supported through tuition fees via Government-backed loans. Subsequently, there is a growth of discourse about universities as…

  4. Operations Management in the Design and Execution of MBA Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busing, Michael E.; Palocsay, Susan W.

    2016-01-01

    Master of business administration (MBA) programs are under intense pressure to improve efficiencies, lower tuition, and offer refreshed curriculum that is of high quality and regarded as relevant by the marketplace. In light of this environment, the authors propose a conceptual framework for effectively employing operations management (OM)…

  5. Higher Education in Times of Financial Distress: The Minnesota Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severns, Roger

    2012-01-01

    Like many states, Minnesota has incurred large budget deficits during the past two years. Those deficits have, in turn, led to changes in a number of areas of state government, particularly higher education. Faculty have incurred pay freezes and layoffs, programs have closed, and tuition increased. Campuses within the MnSCU system have been…

  6. Foreign Language Instructed Programs in Public Universities in Egypt: Implications for Resource Diversification, Quality and Equity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabry, Manar A.

    2010-01-01

    This study seeks to assess the impact of tuition fees of the Foreign language Instructed Programs (FLIP) at Cairo University on increasing other-than-governmental resources for these programs as well as for the university, increasing student satisfaction with the quality of education, and maintaining equitable access. The study uses a theoretical…

  7. Public Policies, Prices, and Productivity in American Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    2013-01-01

    Rapid increases in what colleges charge and what they spend per student have been and remain one of the most controversial aspects of American higher education. Tuition, fees, and other college charges have increased in both the public and private sectors at more than twice the rate of inflation for over a quarter century. Trends over time in what…

  8. Taking Control of Enrollment Management at Small Private Universities: Creating an Interactive Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maltz, Elliot

    2007-01-01

    Enrollment management is a process critical to most small private universities that rely on tuition for a significant portion of their operating budgets. Often these universities rely on outside consultants to help them in performing this important process. This case study describes how university assets were used to create an interactive…

  9. A Lesson Plan for Sustainability in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driscoll, Elizabeth; Comm, Clare L.; Mathaisel, Dennis F. X.

    2013-01-01

    Much anxiety surrounds the future of higher education in the United States. With escalating costs, tuition, and class sizes, and the increasing exclusion of many poor and minority students, higher education needs to become more accessible and sustainable. This paper defines five "abilities" for the sustainability of higher…

  10. "Higher Education: Factors Lenders Consider in Making Lending Decisions for Private Education Loans." Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-10-86R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, George A.

    2009-01-01

    Over the past few decades, the cost of tuition, room, and board for undergraduate students has increased, making it more difficult for some students and families to afford the cost of college. While students have historically relied on federal loans and grants and family contributions to pay for college, a growing number have turned to private…

  11. Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers. Working Paper 46

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figlio, David N.; Hart, Cassandra M. D.

    2010-01-01

    Voucher options like tuition tax credit-funded scholarship programs have become increasingly popular in recent years. One argument for such school choice policies is that public schools will improve the quality of education they offer when faced with competition for their students. This study examines the effects of private school competition on…

  12. Measuring Competitive Effects from School Voucher Programs: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egalite, Anna J.

    2013-01-01

    Studies of the competition effects from voucher or tuition tax credit scholarship programs on public school student academic outcomes have taken place in seven locations throughout the United States, with the majority of studies taking place in Florida, followed by Wisconsin. This article reviews 21 total studies of the impacts on student academic…

  13. Mastering Mobile Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panettieri, Joseph C.

    2007-01-01

    Without proper security, mobile devices are easy targets for worms, viruses, and so-called robot ("bot") networks. Hackers increasingly use bot networks to launch massive attacks against eCommerce websites--potentially targeting one's online tuition payment or fundraising/financial development systems. How can one defend his mobile systems against…

  14. Pop Goes the Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Steven J.

    2013-01-01

    The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school…

  15. European Union Students Studying in English Higher Education Institutions. DIUS Research Report 08-09

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Marian; Rutt, Simon

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the pathways, intentions and relevant perceptions of (non-UK) European Union (EU) students entering English higher education. It sought to identify why students wished to obtain an English HE qualification, their attitudes towards the uptake and repayment of tuition fee loans and their future career plans. Drawing on…

  16. European Union Students Studying in English Higher Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Marian; Rutt, Simon

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the pathways, intentions and relevant perceptions of (non-UK) European Union (EU) students entering English higher education. It sought to identify why students wished to obtain an English HE qualification, their attitudes towards the uptake and repayment of tuition fee loans and their future career plans. Drawing on…

  17. Which Type of Work-Study Experience Is More Beneficial?: Perceptions of Taiwanese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Cheng Cheng; Ho, Hsuan-Fu; Chen, Shan-Hua

    2013-01-01

    The rapid increase of tuition and the reduced financial support from government and families have forced many more students to take part-time jobs, however, different jobs might bear different benefits. The main purposes of this study were to identify the major benefits of part-time jobs or work-study experiences performed by college students, and…

  18. Investigating Students' Levels of Engagement with Mathematics: Critical Events, Motivations, and Influences on Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grehan, Martin; Mac an Bhaird, Ciarán; O'Shea, Ann

    2016-01-01

    Universities invest significant resources in the provision of mathematics tuition to first year students, through both traditional and non-traditional means. Research has shown that a significant minority of students do not engage with these resources appropriately. This paper presents findings from a study of two groups of students at Maynooth…

  19. Financial Management of Canadian Universities: Adaptive Strategies to Fiscal Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deering, Darren; Sá, Creso M.

    2014-01-01

    Decreasing government funding and regulated tuition policies have created a financially constrained environment for Canada's universities. The conventional response to such conditions is to cut programme offerings and services in an attempt to lower costs throughout the institution. However, we argue that three Canadian universities have reacted…

  20. The System of Russian Education as Assessed by the Population: The Problem of Level and Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Boris; Zorkaia, Nataliia

    2010-01-01

    Russians are less concerned about the poor material conditions of institutions or inadequate textbooks than about the commercialization of education and high tuition. Also of great concern is the gap between educational achievement and employment opportunities, especially for the more highly educated. The perception that a higher education is a…

  1. The Utilization of Retention Strategies at Church-Related Colleges: A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Schee, Brian Anthony

    2008-01-01

    Implementing effective student retention strategies is important for all institutions of higher education. This is especially true for smaller, private colleges as resources for higher education are stretched and the dependence on tuition revenue to maintain fiscal viability increases. This longitudinal study focuses on the utilization of…

  2. The Changing Role of Financial Aid and Enrollment Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurz, Kathy A.

    1995-01-01

    Explores common institutional strategies for pricing, awarding aid, and controlling the growth of aid budgets in light of changing recruitment practices. Concludes by discussing the new services that aid offices must provide to meet their new challenges effectively. Discusses net tuition revenue goals to enhance effective management of resources.…

  3. "The Name of the Rose": A Path to Discuss the Birth of Modern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Various science education researchers believe that science tuition should include some discussion about how science has developed over time. Therefore, deliberations about the nature of science should be integrated in the science curriculum. Many researchers argue that teaching the history of science is a good way to place the nature of science in…

  4. How Public Universities Close Budget Gaps Matters for States. Schools in Crisis: Making Ends Meet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinne, Alicia; Roza, Marguerite; Murphy, Patrick; Gross, Betheny

    2012-01-01

    When the Great Recession took its toll on state budgets, public universities felt the pain. Many public universities attempted to offset reductions in state funds by raising tuition, shifting admission spots to more out-of-state students, and, in some cases, increasing enrollment. For a given budget gap, these three strategies should be weighted…

  5. Peer Learning in Specialist Higher Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanken, Ingrid Maria

    2016-01-01

    Research on peer learning in higher education indicates that learning from and together with peers can benefit students in a number of ways. Within higher music education in Western, classical music, however, the master-apprentice tradition with its dominant one-to-one mode of tuition focuses predominantly on knowledge transmission from teacher to…

  6. Private-Loan Reliance Worries Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basken, Paul

    2008-01-01

    At many colleges across the nation, as administrators fret about the effects of a worsening economy, students arriving this fall will get more help securing jobs and more advice on paying for their educations. Some students will even find colleges willing to cut their tuition bills. This article reports that as banks tighten standards for private…

  7. On Money and Motivation: A Quasi-Experimental Analysis of Financial Incentives for College Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott-Clayton, Judith

    2011-01-01

    Programs linking college aid to academic achievement could work either by lowering the cost of college or by inducing additional student effort. I examine the PROMISE program in West Virginia, which offers free tuition to students who maintain a minimum GPA and course load. Using administrative data, I exploit discontinuities in the eligibility…

  8. In Tight Employment Market, Career Services Gain Clout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipka, Sara

    2008-01-01

    Today, more and more students and parents are asking whether college is about getting education or getting a job. The stakes these days are especially high. Tuition and student-loan debt have risen to record levels, while the economy has slowed. In a competitive market, a college degree is no longer the golden ticket to a professional career. Due…

  9. The Impact of Private Schools on Educational Attainment in the State of São Paulo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Jonathan M. B.

    2015-01-01

    This study uses a comprehensive dataset on secondary school students in Brazil to examine the impact of private school enrollment on educational attainment in São Paulo. The results show that private school students (across all levels of tuition) perform better than their public school counterparts on Brazil's high school exit exam, even after…

  10. Institutional Types, Organizational Cultures, and Innovation in Christian Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obenchain, Alice M.; Johnson, William C.; Dion, Paul A.

    2004-01-01

    Relative to the many types of higher education institutions, Christian institutions face extreme operating conditions. Specifically, they are highly tuition dependent, face extreme pressure for funding, and struggle to preserve the history, tradition, and distinctive cultures of their organizations (Dockery and Gushee, 1999). At the same time,…

  11. A Quasi-Experimental Investigation of How the Gates Millennium Scholars Program Is Related to College Students' Time Use and Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DesJardins, Stephen L.; McCall, Brian P.; Ott, Molly; Kim, Jiyun

    2010-01-01

    A national scholarship program provided by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is designed to improve access to and success in higher education for low-income high-achieving minority students by providing them with full tuition scholarships and non-monetary support. We use a regression discontinuity approach to investigate whether the receipt of…

  12. Transparency and Accountability: What if the Federal Gainful Employment-Debt Measures Regulations Applied to Law Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattox, Kari Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare current guidelines of the American Bar Association (ABA) for law schools to those of the U.S. Department of Education's Gainful Employment-Debt Measures regulations in order to assess their transparency and accountability. This analysis is relevant in a time of increasing tuition costs and record…

  13. Differential Pricing in Undergraduate Education: Effects on Degree Production by Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stange, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    In the face of declining state support, many universities have introduced differential pricing by undergraduate program as an alternative to across-the-board tuition increases. This practice aligns price more closely with instructional costs and students' ability to pay postgraduation. Exploiting the staggered adoption of these policies…

  14. Understanding What It Means for Older Students to Learn Basic Musical Skills on a Keyboard Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Angela; Hallam, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Although many adults take up or return to instrumental and vocal tuition every year, we know very little about how they experience it. As part of ongoing case study research, eight older learners with modest keyboard skills explored what their musical skills meant to them during conversation-based repertory grid interviews. The data were…

  15. Navigating the Waves of Social and Political Capriciousness: Inspiring Perspectives from DREAM-Eligible Immigrant Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Amanda; Herrera, Socorro; Murry, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the psychological and sociological impacts of the proposed Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act and in-state tuition legislation on DREAM-eligible students in the Midwestern United States. The researchers sought to capture the lived experiences of undocumented immigrant students through their rich…

  16. From the Statehouse to the Schoolhouse: How Legislatures and Courts Shaped Labor Relations for Public Education Employees during the Last Decade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, David J.; Baxter, Stephanie S.

    2001-01-01

    Examines six state and federal legislative developments and related court cases that have shaped employment relations in public schools in the 1990s: state takeovers and reconstitutions, vouchers and tuition tax credits, charter schools, legislative efforts to restrict the scope of bargaining, elimination of tenure, and restrictions on the…

  17. Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2010-11

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Federal student aid is a financial help for eligible students to pay for educational expenses at an eligible postsecondary school (e.g., college, vocational school, graduate school). There are three categories of federal student aid: grants, workstudy, and loans. Federal student aid covers expenses such as tuition and fees, room and board, books…

  18. Does Merit-Based Aid Improve College Affordability? Testing the Bennett Hypothesis in the Era of Merit-Based Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jungmin

    2016-01-01

    This study tested the Bennett hypothesis by examining whether four-year colleges changed listed tuition and fees, the amount of institutional grants per student, and room and board charges after their states implemented statewide merit-based aid programs. According to the Bennett hypothesis, increases in government financial aid make it easier for…

  19. Professional Training Programs in Maternal and Child Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Maternal and Child Health Service.

    The Maternal and Child Health Service gives support to 13 graduate programs in maternal and child nursing with the objective of increasing the pool of nurse specialists in this field. Each program is briefly described in this pamphlet. Students accepted into a graduate program are eligible for stipends that cover living expenses, tuition, and a…

  20. In Haiti, a Rare Leg Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Monica

    2007-01-01

    This article features Haitian Education & Leadership Program, Haiti's largest university-scholarship program, which provides merit scholarships to students in the top 10 percent of their high-school classes in the country's poorest areas. On average, the scholarships pay students $4,100, which covers tuition, textbooks, and school supplies, basic…