WorldWideScience

Sample records for operations military

  1. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the...humanitarian aid in almost any crisis .36 The military resists the creation of specially designated units because such specialization reduces the

  2. The Effectiveness of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Its funding difficulties, see Brian Bond, British Military Policu between the TWo World Wars (Oxford, 1980); On the failure to make a Continental...Chauvineau likened armored columns to the cavalry raiders of old -- a passing storm causing monetary alarm and some damage, but dangerously weakened

  3. Dental Epidemiology of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    acute oral did separate out maxillofacial injuries , but the more recent infections, to control life-threatening oral conditions (hemor- study did not...caries"-de- fines caries to include decay, periapical abscesses. and defec- Maxillofacial Injuries tive restorations. The results show that in all...deployment. TABLE I[ COMPARISON OF STUDIES OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES OF DEPLOYED MILITARY PERSONNEL Percent Percent Percent Hostile Missle Due to Wounds

  4. Brain performance enhancement for military operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erp, J.B.F.; Reschke, S.; Grootjen, M.; Brouwer, A.-M.

    2009-01-01

    Performance of military operators depends on both physical and cognitive aspects. Enhancement of operator performance should therefore address both the body and the brain. This paper focuses on the latter. We provide an extended list of areas where neuroscientific knowledge may be important like

  5. Brain performance enhancement for military operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erp, J.B.F.; Reschke, S.; Grootjen, M.; Brouwer, A.-M.

    2009-01-01

    Performance of military operators depends on both physical and cognitive aspects. Enhancement of operator performance should therefore address both the body and the brain. This paper focuses on the latter. We provide an extended list of areas where neuroscientific knowledge may be important like tra

  6. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guthormsen, Amy M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  7. Growth of Military Operational Research in India .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.K. Jaiswal

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available Operational Research has contributed substantially to decisions on cost-effective induction of weapon systems, evaluation of tactical plans, development of computerised war games for training, realistic formulation of General Staff Qualitative Requirements, performance and reliability evaluation of military hardware under design and development, force structure, planning and other tactical and strategic issues in Indian defence. This paper reviews the work in Military OR initiated by Professor DS Kothari, the first Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, and brings out the role it can play in defence decision making.

  8. Military Deception and Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-18

    this age of advanced techonology , rapidity of battlefield engagement and maneuver. However, analysis of two major opportunities for the employment of...and development of maneuver, and the use of new technical means of struggle and combat and operational means. 10 5 While technology has largely obviated...settinR-up of new 32 radio circuits, was increased to support the deception. Thus the entire Fortitude effort was structured to play on German

  9. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Documentation Exploitation (DOCEX) system is able to distill useful intelligence from multilingual sources eight to ten times faster than traditional...examine and analyze all multilingual speech and text that is available in the information space; allow any user—be it primarily an operational and...personnel and monolingual English-speaking analysts in response to direct or implicit requests.24 Foreign-to-English Translation Goals for foreign

  10. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  11. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  12. E-RESOURCES GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM SYSTEM FOR MILITARY OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Kurniawan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the barometer of the strength of a country is a military force that is owned by the state. To produce a good military force in a country, it would require an easy, fast and accurate military resource management. This study utilized geographic data as a reference for the location of the logistics resources to help simplify the management of military data using spatial data in Geographic Information System (GIS. The system development approach used JSON Service technology framework and HTML 5 to improve system performance. The features development of the management of military resources associated with military operations are conducted. Results of this study generate e-resource military operation system which is swift and in accordance with the W3C web standards.

  13. Risk propensity assessment in military special operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sicard, B; Jouve, E; Blin, O

    2001-10-01

    Risk taking, decision making, and stress factors are strongly associated in military operations. The authors used the Bond and Lader mood and alertness scale and a new scale, Evaluation of Risks (EVAR), to assess risk proneness in a maritime counter-terrorism exercise. EVAR items are distributed among five factors: self-control, danger seeking, energy, impulsiveness, and invincibility. In the study, 10 pilots were submitted to strenuous night flights with limited sleep deprivation. Compared with baseline data, pilots reported an increase in impulsiveness, whereas EVAR factors were consistent in a control group composed of 9 navy crew member. Correlations were observed between mood and alertness and risk factors. These results illustrate how EVAR can be used to evaluate change in risk proneness in individuals submitted to various stressors. But further studies are required to weigh stress factors and environmental conditions in risk propensity with a larger population of various age and personality traits.

  14. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    perspective on cultural awareness as a consequence of its own indigenous Maori culture. During initial or basic training, the military examines its own...organizational culture. Two of the services, the New Zealand Army and Navy, utilize elements of the Maori culture in order to establish a common...experience within the island nations and their own Maori culture and language has some commonalities. For missions in less familiar surroundings, the NZDF

  15. Moral forces: interpreting ethical challenges in military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaff, de Miriam Carla

    2017-01-01

    The studies presented in this dissertation reveal three broad types of ethical challenges during military operations at an individual level that are caused by social interactions of military personnel, regardless of rank. The first encompasses ethical challenges related to encounters with other indi

  16. Moral forces: interpreting ethical challenges in military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaff, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    The studies presented in this dissertation reveal three broad types of ethical challenges during military operations at an individual level that are caused by social interactions of military personnel, regardless of rank. The first encompasses ethical challenges related to encounters with other

  17. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  18. INTELLIGENCE CYCLE PLANNING IN MILITARY COALITION OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin ANTON

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A long list of allied or coalition type military actions against entities declared as aggressors, failed or terrorist states/organizations has been recorded for the past 25 years. To reach an end state for any action planned by the military or established at any decagon making level, usually the political one, all information must be shared throughout all coalition/ allied components. That is mainly done by specialized elements that play the role of primary structures in charge of analyzing all information necessary for the military commander’s decision-making process. In this context, the article aims to outline the importance of the decision-making process for military commandants, as part of large /important coalition / allied structures and the level of training required of the latter to use the intelligence cycle to fulfill their main mission in their area of responsibility.

  19. The Impact of Military Exercises and Operations on Local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frederick Iraki

    notable positive contributions, the negative impact of military exercises and operations in the .... credibly sourced in whole or in part to the conflicts and the associated war ... The ordnances have also maimed children and adults in the.

  20. Prediction of Dust Propensity for Military Operations in Desert Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    FWE GOPI TECHNICAL REPORT EL8-1 PREDICTION OF DUST PROPENSITY FOR of Eginers’.MILITARY OPERATIONS IN DESERT AREAS by William K. Dornbusch , John N...11 TTLE~ ~I IAT40 30/069 Prediction of Dust Propensity for Military operations in Desert Areas 12. F"RSONAL AVTNO9(%) Dornbusch . William K.; Strange...Harrison was Chief, EL. The study was performed and this report was written by Messrs. William K. Dornbusch , John N. Strange, and Allen D. Rooke, Jr

  1. Special Operations Professional Military Education for Field Grade Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-11

    motivates an improvement in the development of its field grade officers. AU/ACSC/MITCHELL, E/AY16 1 Professional military education (PME) faces...UNIVERSITY SPECIAL OPERATIONS PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION FOR FIELD GRADE OFFICERS by Eli G. Mitchell, Maj, USAF A Research Report Submitted to...the Faculty In Partial Fulfilment of the Graduation Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF OPERATIONAL ARTS AND SCIENCES Advisor: Dr. Tony V

  2. Sleep Disturbance Implications for Modern Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Academy (USMA) and the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA). Using a combination of sleep diaries, self report, and actigraphy ( wrist worn devices that...considerations must be made in order to examine what is meant by sleep loss. The first consideration involves examining how sleep loss is measured . One way in... measure sleep duration), researchers are attempting to determine the actual sleep demographics of future military members in a demanding environment

  3. Military Contingency Operations: The Lessons of Political-Military Coordination

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    for politica tltcussions. In lm.- ited war militury operations had to a.• >3?Zucte1 -dscret phases which p-rmiVted the opportunlty ••r tAotn’ sides to...The rational . politicA -allitiary decisionmaking model Indicate~s that the cruclil r.&otors which demand assessment In each oonttingenc3ý are the...demonstrate the inadequacy of the *Wars of National Litlerationo strateirye Itather, It led to further Increases In the hmerioAn commitnent unido temporarily

  4. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  5. Member State Foreign Policy towards EU Military Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    2015-01-01

    suggest that another operation in CAR may be underway shortly. The EU’s military endeavours are particularly interesting to this enquiry, as they suggest a radical change in the cohort of member states’ foreign policy towards the Union, which until the turn of the Millennium had been considered by its MS......, amongst others, as a predominantly ‘civilian power’. The significance of such a change merits a chapter that delves deeper into MS foreign policy specifically related to EU military operations.The rationale for this research is to further unpack intra-EU foreign policy and its effect on the external...

  6. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  7. Military Operations in Built-Up Areas (MOBA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    the three simulation levels individually or the gaming operation as a whole. The positive features of MOBACS are: (1) it includes all levels of MOBA ...operations; (2) military player/analysts can participate on-line and can both guide and learn from the play of the game ; (3) a wide range of unit...conjunction with SCORES evaluations and could prove useful in this role when SCORES is modified to play MOBA . JIFFY, or a similar interactive game , might

  8. Recent Military Operations on Urban Terrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    significance of the battle, description of the enviroment , combatants’ resources, the tactical situation, concepts of operations, tactical plan, operations... tic defensive plan developed. The IDF doctrine for MOUT relied heavily on the use of armor in built- up areas in both 1967 and 1973. This reliance...forces in the Jerusalem area. One consequence was that he had no direct communication with any of these detachments but could only learn of their

  9. Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    JAMES MADISON 1352 (Henry Gilpin , ed. 1840). 76 3 JOSEPH STORY, COMMENTARIES ON THE CONSTITUTION §1173 (1833); WILLIAM RAWLE, A VIEW OF THE...Continuing U.S. Role in Libya Operation, N.Y. TIMES, June 16, 2011 (discussing interview with White House counsel Robert Bauer and State Department

  10. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    maintenance of law and order, protecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance, the denial of an air space and the guarantee of rights of passage . In...involve the coordinated presence of warships and combat aircraft in the disputed region. Operations to guarantee rights of passage may be mounted to ensure

  11. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  12. Military Operations on Urban Terrain (Mout) Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    192-198, by Paul A. Jureidini, et al. Alexandria, Virginia. June 1979. 169p. U 167.52 ABT Associates, Inc. The Urb-Coin Game . Arlington, A 89 pU...C. Scharfen. MenloPark, California. December 1975. 159p. DARPA United States Advanced Research Projects Agency. Effects MOBA II of Built-Up Areas on... MOBA III Operations in Built-Up.Areas in the Fulda Corridor, dC Yar 2000 (U). Arlington, Virginia. June 1977. AD B039 537 Unitod States Air Command and

  13. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    jaded towards their services best interest.60 The next revision, The Defense Reorganization Act of 1958, initiated during the Eisenhower...crisis with the military was the Bay of Pigs fiasco.97 The operation which had been approved for planning and preparation by the Eisenhower...WWII as a statistician, teaching them the benefits statistical analysis. Also, more recently, the Bay of Pigs had shaped his strategic outlook.131

  14. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no...counterinsurgency in the American military experience, other nations had engaged in similar conflicts (e.g., the British experience with the Malayan ...34 Australian Army Journal 2, no. 1 (2006). 36. James K. Womack, "Soviet Correlation of Forces and Means: Quantifying Modern Operations" (US Army Command

  15. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-05

    Morgan, David. The .1g•l. Cambridge: Blackwell Ltd., 1991. Nicolle, David. The Mongol Warlords: Genghis Khan . Kublai Khan . Hhuelchu Tamerlane. Firebird...operational art emerged before Napoleon. The thirteenth century campaigns of Genghis Khan and his Mongol successors do not conveniently fit into the...of mutually reinforcing military and nomadic traditions developed among the Mongols from the reign of Genghis Khan to that of Kublei Khan (1206-1294

  16. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...the Soviets inherited. Objective: Why Do They Hate Us? This article addresses the primary issue of the dramatic increase in the number of insider

  17. Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-15

    Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force A Monograph by Maj Stephen P. Joca United...States Air Force School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2017 Approved...Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force Approved by: __________________________________, Monograph

  18. Military leadership with an operational effect in asymmetric operations - A new military leadership training concept in a new world

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Jakob Rømer

    2015-01-01

    . Suddenly, it was extremely important that the Danish Defence transformed to a more expeditionary force capable of conducting asymmetric operations in different environments far away from Denmark. This is not done overnight but demands a new situational awareness in proportion to the need for leadership....... As tactics, doctrines, technologies and procedures had to be developed and changed, there was also a need for developing the approach to leadership. Suddenly the challenges in the operations were not only IEDs, ambushes, shootings and deprivation of families, but also leadership challenges in military staffs...... and units, which in many cases acted and commanded based on a mindset of linear and symmetric warfare with great emphasis on analysis of primarily cause and effect. On that basis, the Danish Defence around mid-2000 developed a new operational leadership concept with a changed and different leadership focus...

  19. Are good leaders moral leaders? The relationship between effective military operational leadership and morals

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Olav Kjellevold

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents selected works investigating the relation between leadership and morals. Given the multitude of moral challenges and the grave consequences of moral transgressions in military operations, we have chosen a military context to frame our research. Transformational leadership and the full range of leadership model (FRLM) are key constructs in this investigation, as this leadership concept has been shown to be related to operational effectiveness in military as ...

  20. Civil-military relations and co-operation in Kosovo 1999 to 2001

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Co-operation between civil society actors and military personnel is increasingly common in humanitarian missions since the early 1990s. However the interaction has led to varying degrees of friction between both groups, at times lessening the coordination and efficiency of the civil-military relationship. Existing theories of civilmilitary relations are largely based upon the relationship between the military and their civilian government, and have not been tested within the relationships exp...

  1. Military Assistance to Mexico: Use of Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    President Vicente Fox stated, "Militarily speaking, we don’t count. I mean, we are not a military country. We don’t have a strong Army.ൿ One could...General Eduardo Medina- Mora stated, "I don’t see the U.S. 9 military playing an active role in this ... certainly Mexico has enough institutional

  2. Analysis of Serbian Military Riverine Units Capability for Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Radojevic

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses required personnel, training capacities and equipment for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations with the riverine elements. In order to meet necessary capabilities for engagement in United Nations peacekeeping operations, Serbian military riverine units have to be compatible with the issued UN requirements. Serbian Armed Forces have the potential to reach such requirements with the River Flotilla as a pivot for the participation in UN missions. Serbian Military Academy adopted and developed educational and training program in accordance with the provisions and recommendations of the IMO conventions and IMO model courses. Serbian Military Academy has opportunities for education and training military riverine units for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Moreover, Serbia has Multinational Operations Training Center and Peacekeeping Operations Center certified to provide selection, training, equipping and preparations of individuals and units to the United Nations multinational operations.

  3. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  4. Emotional Reactions and Moral Judgment: the Effects of Morally Challenging Interactions in Military Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaff, de M.C.; Schut, M; Verweij, D.E.M.; Vermetten, H.G.J.M.; Giebels, E.

    2016-01-01

    This study explores the association between different types of morally challenging interactions during military deployment and response strategies (e.g., moral justification), as well as the mediating role of moral emotions. Interviews with Dutch servicemen who participated in military operations (e

  5. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  6. Proposed Restricted Area and Military Operation Area (MOA) Poinsett Weapons Range

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Your letter of July 13, 1993 requested information on threatened, endangered, or candidate animal species and other wildlife resources in the Military Operation Area...

  7. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    ACRONYMS AFHQ Anglo-American Allied Forces Headquarters AMGOT Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory AMIK Association of Microfinance ...of licensing procedures of the CBK.134 The second area of assistance by the World Bank supported the Association of Microfinance Institution of...Kosovo (AMIK) and others in developing microfinance industry in Kosovo. This consists of training in technical issues, management, planning and

  8. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faïda; Battikh, Riadh; Laabidi, Janet; Abid, Rim; Bousetta, Najeh; Jemli, Bouthaina; Ben abdelhafidh, Nadia; Bassem, Louzir; Gargouri, Saadia; Othmani, Salah

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51%) of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites. PMID:23766922

  9. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faïda Ajili

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51% of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites.

  10. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. Each operator authorized... in connection with the tour or series of tours. (d) All customer reservations records for each...

  11. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  12. A JURIDICAL-ADMINISTRATIVE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE MILITARY AND THE MEDICAL OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgel RUSU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available To bring together the word operation and opera and/or accomplishing an opera is not at all improper. Defining a (military operation as ”the total amount of the military actions performed by large operative and strategic units, according to an unique plan, for attaining an operative or strategic objective....”[1], coldly and exhaustively developed along almost two pages, may provide sufficient arguments for correctly anchoring the action within the domain of military practice, in spite of the shortcoming of not having a more synthetic form, with valid landmarks for other disciplines, as well. Frequently, both the medical and the military operations exceed their routine, deserving artistic appreciations. It is not accidental that analysis and preparation of any military combat includes the field of military art, defined as ”a compounding part of the military science, a specialized domain of organization and management of armed conflicts. It includes both the principles, methods, procedures and rules for the preparation and development of military actions, and the personal endowments (talent, mastership, skill expected from the part of leaders and troops for attaining success in the battle...”[2] More than that, the operative art is defined as ”a component of military art ... created and developed as an intermediary domain between strategy and tactics...”[3]. Continuing to lay stress on the parallelism to which the study is devoted, the author considers that actions that may be related to or may be appreciated as possessing artistic characteristics occur even beyond the field of aesthetic or reparatory surgery. The definitions provided by medical dictionaries do not eliminate, yet encourage similarities. The operation is ”s.f./operation, (Lat. operatio, -onis = work, operation, derived from operari = to work, and opus, operis = labour, work, a medical act performed by the surgeon with his hands, by means of adequate instruments, for

  13. African military forces participation in peace operations: what evolutions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    complex. PSO’s is the one department in the UN system that takes up the largest portion of combined UN budget in 2015 with a cost of nearly $9bn. In 2016 the UN have deployed more than 100.000 personnel, both military and police, distributed on 16 missions. Whilst most of the budget is spent on PSO...

  14. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  15. Multicriteria Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Aerial Delivery Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    goal programming model , and we used Excel/ VBA to create an auto- matic, user-friendly interface with the decision maker for model input and analysis of...ARL-TR-7229•MAR 2015 US Army Research Laboratory Multicriteria Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and...Cost Assessment and Logistics Modeling for Military Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Aerial Delivery Operations by Nathaniel Bastian

  16. Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations: A New Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    thick description might be the most relevant to this debate. See Clifford J. Geertz , The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays, New York: Basic...Washington, D.C.: Joint Military Intelligence College, January 2000. Geertz , Clifford J., The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays, New York...connector arrows between large numbers of loosely associated people and groups in a complex and poorly observed environment. Geertz ’ commentary on

  17. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  18. Mathematical Modeling in Support of Military Operational Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    Zhang, J., Shen, W., Chancey, V.C., AsMA 77th Annual Scientific Meeting, May 2006. Purpose: A current trend in the military has been to add more... Mexico from the early 1950’s through 1997 (Martinez 1999). The Blast Over- pressure Program obtained data that were essential to the understanding of...HSM Effects, Alem, N., Amankwah, K., Zhang, J., Shen, W., Chancey, V.C., AsMA 77th Annual Scientific Meeting, May 2006. ANOVA software version 2.2

  19. Using military friendships to optimize postdeployment reintegration for male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna

    2011-01-01

    Social relationships are important to health out comes. The postdeployment family reintegration literature focuses on the role of the civilian family in facilitating the transition from Active Duty military deployment to civilian society. The focus on the civilian family relationship may miss other important personal connections in veterans' lives. One such connection is the relationship many veterans have with former military unit members who served with them when deployed. Drawing on interviews with male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans conducted from 2008 to 2009, we argue that the members of a military unit, especially during armed conflict, should be considered a resource to help the "family" reintegration process rather than impede it. This research has implications for current reintegration policy and how best to assist veterans transitioning into civilian society.

  20. Outsourcing, managing, supervising, and regulating private military companies in contingency operations

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis examines the utilization of private military companies (PMCs) by government agencies of the United States in contingency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the roles that PMCs play in current contingency operations, and to analyze how PMCs can become more useful instruments in contingency operations if they are properly outsourced, managed, supervised, and regulated. In this regar...

  1. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    ABSTRACT “The Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a...Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a more specific aspect of dietary nutrition, feeding policy and...psychological consequences of brain injury from high intensity training, and combat operations exposures. The MOB Study has 3 specific aims: 1. Convene a

  2. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-12

    Military Operations Elizabeth Mezzacappa, Ph.D. Gordon Cooke, MEME Gladstone Reid, MSBMS Robert DeMarco, MSBMS Charles Sheridan BA John...stress, and human behavior modeling and simulation issues. GORDON COOKE, MEME , is a Principal Investigator at the TBRL. He was also a Chief

  3. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  4. American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    yield the 146 American Public Support for U.S. Military Operations desired result of Iraq decamping from Kuwait; as a result, ultimately eight in ten...University of Chicago, 1991. Jeffords, Susan, and Lauren Rabinovitz, Seeing Through the Media, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994

  5. The South African Military and Peace Support Operations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1996-05-04

    May 4, 1996 ... Federation, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in the ... the participating member states, resulting in the US decision to withdraw from Somalia ... support operations since 1948, the Canadian peacekeeping ...

  6. Military Engineer Contribution to Operational Art: The Hybrid Threat Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    establish conditions for the success of the decisive operation.33 This may include the seizure of key terrain or deception operation that allows the...376, to unify the Korean peninsula.83 The month of October 1950 included the UN crossing the 38th parallel, seizure of Seoul and Pyongyang, X Corps...Frank H. The 1st Cavalry Division and Their 8th Engineers in Korea: America’s Silent Generation at War. South Burlington, VT: Bull Run of Vermont, 1997

  7. Functional Categories of Support to Operations in Military Information Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tolk, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    In order to group the functional requirements for support to operations by modern information systems systematically, the NATO Code of best Practise (COBP) for C2 Assessment defines three domain areas: Battlespace Visualization, Decision Making, and Battle Management Functions. In addition, within an domain overlapping information grid of the information system, necessary functions for assessing and disseminating the information are capsulated. For all three domains, including the overlapping information grid, the respective requirements for functional support have to be met be future command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) systems. The paper describes the functional categories of the three domains having been defined for article 5 operations, extends them to meet the requirements for operations other than war (OOTW), and gives some examples how modules of simulation systems can deliver respective support functions. In addition, references defining migration procedures for legacy systems to e...

  8. Military co-operation with South Caucasus countries / Rafal Seniuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seniuch, Rafal

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Poola ja Lõuna-Kaukaasia vabariikide vahelisest sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  9. Military co-operation with South Caucasus countries / Rafal Seniuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seniuch, Rafal

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Poola ja Lõuna-Kaukaasia vabariikide vahelisest sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  10. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  11. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-21

    friction that trickles down onto the battlefield. The European theatre during World War II was no different. The failure of American, and British...American and their Allied partners would continue to experience the ill-effects of it right up until the end of the war in the European theatre ...on Friday 27 March 2009 about Operation Anaconda. I used some information from our conversation. The following is verbatim from my monograph, "A

  12. Army Special Operations Forces Professional Military Education for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    generations have done. Jean Piaget (1896–1980) Swiss cognitive psychologist CG: Hey DCO, you’re never going to believe this; come in here and shut...with it. The conclusion is predicated on well- documented history and the widely accepted principles of organizational theory . Obviously, there are...this mission. When conducting FID, as well as all special operations, the officer leader: must approach each conflict with a distinctive theory of

  13. Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    attractions and even build an amusement park . We instead decided that clean drinking water held precedence over Ferris wheels. Furthermore, the use of...on more exact criteria . Conversely, TF 2-6 opted to merge the two processes, planning and executing both operations at the same time. We pursued...question „Are we doing things right?‟”, while “MOE answers the question, „Are we doing the right things?‟” 39 Both criteria were used to determine

  14. Integrity of a common operating picture in military situational awareness

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Robertson, J

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available . If a commander loses his trust in the COP (due to irrelevant data, wrongfully displayed data etc.), the commander tends to ignore all the information portrayed by the COP and needs to rely on other methods to keep informed of the situation within.... Evaluating the integrity of the COP can be done by implementing a weighted system, which can give different weights to the different principles for every source, depending on the source‟s relative importance or impact on the operation. Different types...

  15. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  16. Abundance and Utility: For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    and combat support vehicles, ships, and aircraft, the adoption of natural gas —whether as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG...tacticaldefensemedia.com16 | DoD Power & Energy Fall 2014 For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas By Bret...Strogen and Patrick Lobner Abundance and Utility Fueling the Force Natural Gas M ilitary energy strategists often recount the British Royal Navy’s decision

  17. ASP, Art and Science of Practice: Educating Military Operations Research Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    evaluation of the design and execution of the exist- ing curriculum. A particular focus of this part of the curriculum review is an assessment of our educa ...with diverse educa - tional and operational experience. Three members of the military faculty have PhDs earned in OR-related disciplines. The rest have...were two of the best years of our lives . . . Remember that platitude we all espouse about the value of education? That the real value of educa

  18. MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE INFORMATION AGE: PUTTING THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN ON TOP

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    operational influence doctrine is evolved. Writers and the marketing sector use the rhetorical triangle, logos, ethos and pathos to make effective...combination with the rhetorical triangle concepts used in marketing and other influence disciplines. Logos: Synchronizing Joint Fires Logos is the...intended and resonates with the receiver. According to Enlisting Madison Avenue, “…the U.S. military should adopt the business strategy of segmentation

  19. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-To-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-04-01

    establishment of a moderate-to-high-rate produccion line involves an extremely large amount of planning and investment for facilities, tooling, fabrication... planning to operations and support. For certain specific findings, recommendations are made which could contribute materially Lo 1nwir costs for militnrv...AMST Program Management 44 B. INITIAL PLANNING 45 1. DC-9 47 2. C-9A 48 3. AWACS 49 C. DESIGN ENGINEERING 51 1. Military Specification Application 51

  20. Balancing Operations Security and Openness: Understanding the Military/Media Relationship in the Modern Media Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    of huge problems: journalists don’t understand the business of war; they compromise operational security by unknowingly giving away secrets...states, “ Globalised media, satellite communications, international travel and commerce, and the Internet facilitate the coordination of diffuse ideas...Military Review, (March-April 2008): 107-113. 26 and ideas allows the spread of ideologies inimical to globalisation , and provides the means for

  1. A Cost Analysis of Direct Cash Compensation In Lieu of Operating Military Commissary Stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    provides groceries at cost ( cost consists of the purchase price , a 1 percent markup on select grocery items to cover the cost of inventory loss...during normal operations, and the cost of transportation to the store, not including overseas transportation) plus a 5 percent surcharge to military...PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT The Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA) provides groceries at cost ( cost consists of the purchase price

  2. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  3. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  4. LIGHTWEIGHT VIGILANT PROCEDURE TO IMPLEMENT SECURITY MEASURES IN HIGHLY ROVING MILITARY OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Udhayan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The performance of Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET becomes questionable in highly roving and mission critical application like military operation. Security measures like encryption, authentication, digital signature has been proposed for MANET. However all those mechanisms need some kind of static infrastructure and it is extremely difficult to implement such an infrastructure throughout the military mission. Therefore in this work, various zones in military operation is identified and Zone A is responsible for implementing robust security measures, Zone B and Zone C are identified to be at highly hostile and time critical environment. Therefore usage of highly complex security procedures at zone B & C may delay the operation to the extent of failure of the mission. Hence in this study, a lightweight vigilant procedure that suits the circumstances of Zone B & C is proposed, it has the capability of detecting the malicious entrant in the routing path. Moreover, it works either independently or dependently with the routing protocols like AODV based on the need. The proposed method has been compared with various successful security measures in Ad-hoc network and the results shows that the proposed method is very useful in adapting to the conditions of zone B & C.

  5. Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors (Les Operations Militaires Multinationales et les Facteurs Interculturels)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    emotion is a universal language ( Ekman , 1972, 1982; Ekman , Soresen, & Friesen, 1969; Izard, 1971). Despite this universal expression of emotion , a study... emotion . In J. Cole (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (Vol. 19). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. [7] Ekman , P. (1982). Emotion in the...Leadership Paradigm 3-5 3.2.6 Combining Social, Emotional , and Cultural Intelligence: Transculturals 3-6 3.2.7 Assisting Multinational Military

  6. Cross Cultural Awareness in International Military Operation: International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowita Brudnicka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism defined as a multitude of cultures can be typified as a major trend in international relations, what is a chellenge for every participant of global affairs. The phenomen of multiculturalism is absolutely nothing new, but under conditions of progresive globalisation mechanism its importance has been appreciated.In practise multinational forces have to operate in culturally heterogeneous environment in an array of tasks to combat threats of mostly a non-military transnational nature. All the time there are a highly complex relations within coalition personnel, in cuturally diverse society living in the theatre of operation and between all them mutually.

  7. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  8. Epidemiological investigation of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-he XIAO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the epidemiological characters of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army.Methods The data of servicemen with ocular injuries,hospitalized in 11 military evacuation hospitals from 2005-01-01 to 2009-12-31,were entered into a registration table.The data included the time and place when the injury happened,type and cause of injury,examination records,treatment,rehabilitation level,etc.All data were input into the database for statistical analysis.Results Of all the cases of ocular injuries,189(45.5% were related to military training and operations.The mean age of the 189 cases was 23.4±5.4 years,all of them were men,and soldiers accounted for 91.0% and officers accounted for 9.0%.The incidence declined in 2006 compared with that in 2005,and then rose gradually thereafter year by year.Eight patients(4.2% were complicated with bodily injuries,and 4.2% of patients had the history of eye surgery or eye disease before the ocular injury.Of the 189 cases,in 172(91.0% one eye was injured while in 17(9.0% both eyes were injured.After injury,in 35.0% of patients sight restoration to grade 1,in 20.6% to grade 2,in 13.6% to grade 3,in 25.7% to grade 4,and in 4.4% to grade 5.In 87.3% of patients injuries were due to mechanical forces and in 12.7% ocular injuries were not mechanical.Most patients with eye injury occurring in military training and operations were sent to evacuation hospital and treated timely,and good results were obtained.Conclusions Military training and operations related ocular injury is a prevalent ocular injury occurring in Chinese armed forces,and should be paid more attention in prevention.One important measure is to improve the prevention awareness of Chinese servicemen,and a detailed prevention measures should be further studied.

  9. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  10. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  11. Method of Choosing the Information Technology System Supporting Management of the Military Aircraft Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barszcz Piotr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a method of choosing the information technology system, the task of which is to support the management process of the military aircraft operation. The proposed method is based on surveys conducted among direct users of IT systems used in aviation of the Polish Armed Forces. The analysis of results of the surveys was conducted using statistical methods. The paper was completed with practical conclusions related to further usefulness of the individual information technology systems. In the future, they can be extremely useful in the process of selecting the best solutions and integration of the information technology systems

  12. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee M. Margolis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Special Operations Forces (SOF regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15 and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16 volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1, these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier.

  13. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    N.Y: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998), 82–83. 146 Adams, US. Special Operations Forces in Action, 84–85. 147 Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam, 69...liaison teams, which were considered an important factor in the development of the Afghan National Army ( ANA ). Operational mentoring and liaison...Chief of Defence. Adams, Thomas K. U.S. Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare. New York: Frank Cass Publishers

  14. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  15. Problems with veteran-family communication during operation enduring freedom/operation Iraqi freedom military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna; Högnäs, Robin S

    2012-02-01

    Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family members is affected by the needs of operational security, technical problems with communication tools, miscommunication between family members, or because veterans have "nothing new to say" to family back home. These communication difficulties may lead to an initial gulf of understanding between veterans and family members that can cause family strain during postdeployment family reintegration. We end with a discussion of veteran family reintegration difficulties.

  16. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  17. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  18. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  19. Military Review, Volume 74, Number 1. January 1994. FM 100-5 and Operations Other than War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    to a great degree, Havana province. Aguica prison in Matanzas determine the completion of Army province, Villa Marista detention center in...operations. however, is not the 68 January 1994 o MILITARY REVIEW A WWIJI Almanact~ i ~ The Landings at Anzio Major Francis A. Galgano Jr., US Army

  20. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    FEMME FATALE: AN EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN COMBAT AND THE POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE AMERICAN MILITARY OPERATIONS BY KRISTAL L.M...to 00-00-2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American

  1. Beyond the Theatre of Military Operations: the Monuments of the Crimean War in Simferopol and Bakhchisaray

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay A. Syedin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the events that took place on the Crimean peninsula during the Eastern War (1853-1856 beyond the main battle fields. The author describes overall picture of what was happening in the Crimean cities on the background of heroic defense of Sevastopol, names cities which experienced invasion and tells about the consequences of their occupation. The article mainly focuses on Simferopol and Bakhchisaray as the front-line cities that played a significant role in defense of Sevastopol and experienced all the consequences of military actions on the Crimean peninsula. The author names the famous participants of the Crimean War whose lives were closely connected with those cities, and tells about historical monuments related to the events of those years. The aforementioned participants include the famous writers L. N. Tolstoy and N. V. Berg, who spent significant amount of time in those cities during the war. Another personality that draws the author’s close attention is N.I. Pirogov, a surgeon whose professional activity on the peninsula at that time was tightly connected with Simferopol. The article also tells about active participants of military operations – generals P.A. Vrevskiy and P.V. Veimarn who lost their lives during the battle at the Chornaya river and were buried in Bakhchisaray. The author believes that knowledge of events that were happening on the entire territory of the Crimean peninsula substantially improves our understanding of the scale of the Crimean War, reveals the drama of the War and its impact on nations, cities and individuals – whether well-known to us or not – and provides additional material for patriotic education. The article describes in detail the work on preservation of memorials of the Crimean War and promotes the attitude of care towards the monuments located all over the Crimean peninsula.

  2. Study on the Key Success Factors of the Operation of a Regional Military Logistic Food Material Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu-Jin Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In order to establish an integrated supply system of the military food material, the study was to discuss the key success factors of operation of the military regional food material logistic center in Taiwan. Approach: The Delphi method, questionnaires and telephone interviews were used to collect and integrate the opinions of experts and scholars. Simultaneously, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP was applied to confirm the evaluative factors of each level, i.e., one goal (to construct key success factors of the operation of a regional military logistic food material center for the first level, two analytical aspects (the external and internal environments for the second level, six evaluative facets (the safety design, strategic management, administrative effect, policy, service and internal and external integration for the third level and 19 evaluative criteria for the fourth level. Results: The 350 questionnaires from the second phase which were sent out to four kinds of respondents, 319 valid ones were returned. Conclusion: After AHP analysis, the results of this study could suggest an evaluation table for the key success factors of operation of the military regional food material logistic center in Taiwan.

  3. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  4. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  5. Military Training and Education: an Opportunity for V4 Co-Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan ŠUPLATA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Visegrad Group needs success stories if its defence co-operation is to develop. The recent differences between Poland and the rest of the region, as well as the closing window of opportunity to improve interoperability through the ISAF mission, make the hunger for concrete examples of co-operation even more urgent. Education and training projects are not only comparatively easily to implement in terms of time and money, but also represent a way of bringing the region’s civilian and military leaders closer together in terms of strategic thinking. Regional defence collaboration is also one of the ways to materialize NATO’s Smart Defence agenda. For the whole region, the way to keep Visegrad defence cooperation alive is not straightforward and certain, but it is likely to prove rewarding in the long term. It presents not only a chance to keep the whole region better prepared militarily, but also to build a more cohesive strategic awareness, thanks to intensive communication at all levels.

  6. MODERN MILITARY GEOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Bezuidenhout

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern Military Geography is a new text that explores the relationship between geography and military conflict. As such, it covers many different scenarios and operational theatres and brings perspective to the link between local topography, hydrographical settings, climate, coastal conditions and military operations. The text goes further by examining the influence of secondary factors, which include, biological, health and environmental issues on military operations. The unique interaction between physical conditions and the geopolitical realities of different geographical settings are well illustrated. This book is therefore an excellent addition to the fields of military geography and military history, as well as other related military disciplines.

  7. Strategic Purpose of U.S. Military Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    military assistance in particular: There has always been a sort of “two-fers” character to our engagement overseas. First there are Realpolitik ...act. However, the U.S. military involvement in Somalia lacked support for Realpolitik interests in terms of supporting clearly identified national

  8. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Campagna

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available (1 Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM and ultrafine particles (UFPs in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2 Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+ and a scanning electron microscope (SEM, equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS; (3 Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 103 and 3.75 × 103 particles/cm3 for drone launches, between 3.32 × 103 and 15.4 × 103 particles/cm3 for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 103 to 1.3 × 104 particles/cm3 for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 106 and 17.9 × 106 particles/cm3, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si, iron (Fe and calcium (Ca, and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg, sulphur (S, aluminum (Al, iron (Fe, barium (Ba and silicon (Si; (4 Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition.

  9. Decentralized operating procedures for orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peach, Nicholas

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we present a method for a highly decentralized yet structured and flexible approach to achieve systems interoperability by orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets with security considerations addressed from the beginning. We describe an architecture of a tool-based design of business processes called Decentralized Operating Procedures (DOP) and the deployment of DOPs onto run time nodes, supporting the parallel execution of each DOP at multiple implementation nodes (fixed locations, vehicles, sensors and soldiers) throughout a battlefield to achieve flexible and reliable interoperability. The described method allows the architecture to; a) provide fine grain control of the collection and delivery of data between systems; b) allow the definition of a DOP at a strategic (or doctrine) level by defining required system behavior through process syntax at an abstract level, agnostic of implementation details; c) deploy a DOP into heterogeneous environments by the nomination of actual system interfaces and roles at a tactical level; d) rapidly deploy new DOPs in support of new tactics and systems; e) support multiple instances of a DOP in support of multiple missions; f) dynamically add or remove run-time nodes from a specific DOP instance as missions requirements change; g) model the passage of, and business reasons for the transmission of each data message to a specific DOP instance to support accreditation; h) run on low powered computers with lightweight tactical messaging. This approach is designed to extend the capabilities of existing standards, such as the Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA).

  10. Research on Operation Mechanism of Civil-military Integration Equipment Support Supply Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Chang Feng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available High-tech local wars under conditions of informatization is becoming increasingly dependent on the security of weapons and equipment, and civil-military integration equipment support has become a trend. Civil-military integration equipment support chain construction vigorously, must be starting from the strengthening of the top-level planning decisions, building the civil-military coordination and restraint mechanisms and establishing efficient incentives and effective oversight mechanisms to ensure the performance of various support tasks, and to enhance the equipment support ability to achieve “fast, accurate, and efficient” goals.

  11. How they missed the big story: Norwegian news media and NATO’s military operation in Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rune Ottosen

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports from a research project on how selected Norwegian newspapers covered the NATO-led military engagement in Libya in 2011. As a backdrop we build on earlier research on the role between the media and security policy which had found that in times of war the media in general support the government. We analyze Norwegian newspaper's ability to present, discuss and express opinions on the principal political and legal questions concerning international military interventions in general and Norwegian participation in the NATO-led operations in Libya 2011 in particular Our findings is that legal issues are underreported but that the left wing press and niche newspapers offer a critical opposition to the government policy and the NATO-operation.

  12. Outsourcing, Managing, Supervising, and Regulating Private Military Companies in Contingency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Peacekeeping,” 323. 77 Gerry Cleaver , Subcontracting military power: The privatization of security in contemporary Sub- Saharan Africa (Netherlands...52, Brayton, "Outsourcing War: Mercenaries and the Privatization of Peacekeeping,” 322, Cleaver , Subcontracting military power: The privatization...relatively long tradition of and much experience in outsourcing PMCs. Second; Iraq and Afghanistan have become test areas with respect to the utilization of

  13. Complexity associated with the optimisation of capability options in military operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincombe, A.; Bender, A.; Allen, G.

    2005-12-01

    In the context of a military operation, even if the intended actions, the geographic location, and the capabilities of the opposition are known, there are still some critical uncertainties that could have a major impact on the effectiveness of a given set of capabilities. These uncertainties include unpredictable events and the response alternatives that are available to the command and control elements of the capability set. They greatly complicate any a priori mathematical description. In a forecasting approach, the most likely future might be chosen and a solution sought that is optimal for that case. With scenario analysis, futures are proposed on the basis of critical uncertainties and the option that is most robust is chosen. We use scenario analysis but our approach is different in that we focus on the complexity and use the coupling between scenarios and options to create information on ideal options. The approach makes use of both soft and hard operations research methods, with subject matter expertise being used to define plausible responses to scenarios. In each scenario, uncertainty affects only a subset of the system-inherent variables and the variables that describe system-environment interactions. It is this scenario-specific reduction of variables that makes the problem mathematically tractable. The process we define is significantly different to existing scenario analysis processes, so we have named it adversarial scenario analysis. It can be used in conjunction with other methods, including recent improvements to the scenario analysis process. To illustrate the approach, we undertake a tactical level scenario analysis for a logistics problem that is defined by a network, expected throughputs to end users, the transport capacity available, the infrastructure at the nodes and the capacities of roads, stocks etc. The throughput capacity, e.g. the effectiveness, of the system relies on all of these variables and on the couplings between them. The

  14. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT EDUCATION - FROM OPERATIONAL CONCEPTUALIZATION TO THE MILITARY SYSTEM’S TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor FRUNZETI

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The strategic environment underwent significant alterations having to do with the nature and typology of risks, both globally and regionally. Therefore, military policies and strategies have altered significantly, that is, passing from risk-based defense planning to capability-based defense planning. This calls for the development of a robust modeling and simulation architecture of the military systems for educational and training purposes in order to achieve short-, medium-, and long-term capabilities. The accomplishment of an education and training architecture at a joint and inter-agency level permits the analysis and confirmation of solutions for functional fields.

  15. Cultural Property Protection in the Context of Military Operations: The Case of Uruk, Iraq

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kila, J.D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with the use of military or militarized experts for cultural property protection (CPP) during times of conflict. CPP activities generally take place within a juridical framework that gives obligations for all parties involved, primarily the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection o

  16. Guide to Rebuilding Public Sector Services in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of Kosovo.” International Peacekeeping, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2006, pp...Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis

  17. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Constitutionalist Venustiano Carranza . Meanwhile, the city was a cesspool of disease, and the new American military govern- ment wasted no time in instituting a... Carranza and General Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata battled over the spoils. However, it was not until 23 November that the Americans evacuated

  18. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-to-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-07-01

    oAft"uAt S 3. PA 7- 2 Figure 18. Typical Commercial Test Plan 52 The military Category I flight test program accomplishes essentially the same tesi ...Bur~-s cide . - perating Procedures, etc._ - as they relate to AVACS. i910 SPECIFIC (continued) 10. The nearly unanimous comment, that there is

  19. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  20. Civil Affairs and Military Government Operations in Post-Fascist Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    World War II. Leaders like General Scott in Mexico , and others through their experience generated a military consensus of the importance of civil...northward. Food stores and banks were emptied, and hoarding was a continual problem for AMG personnel. Malnutrition and hunger was rampant as the

  1. Health Outcomes among Infants Born to Women Deployed to US Military Operations during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    defined as infants born to military women who deployed outside of the first trimester of pregnancy. This referent group was considered optimal because...Occup Med Environ Health 17:223–243. Jacobson IG, Gumbs GR, Sevick CJ, et al. 2008a. Smallpox vaccination is not associated with infertility in a

  2. Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    Protestant ethics , technological prowess and an expeditionary mentality for the use of its military. See Anita Arms, “Strategic Culture: The American Mind...diplomatic, emphasizing Confucian -Mencian preferences of winning over an opponent through virtuous actions.171 Chinese thought is influenced by the

  3. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  4. Smart Questions : Context-dependent mobile information exchange for military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streefkerk, J.W.; Heuvelink, A.

    2014-01-01

    During military mISSIOns, mobile devices allow information exchange between distributed groups of soldiers. As the context of use changes frequently and more (unstructured) information becomes available during missions, the challenge is to ensure that the right information reaches the right recipien

  5. THE INFLUENCE OF GEOLOGY ON BATTLEFIELD TERRAIN AND IT’S AFFECTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS IN MOUNTAINS AND KARST REGIONS: EXAMPLES FROM WW1 AND AFGHANISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Zečević

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available During the World War I conflict between the Austrian and Italian army, Austrian engineer units constructed hallways in the karst region of Soča river. Those hallways, karst phenomena (caverns, caves and other fortifications, gave the Austrian army a tactical advantage. The construction principle of caverns is the consequence of the geological structure of the terrain. We are watching another military conflict in Afghanistan. In country where many armies in history have been defeated, where the terrain morphology condition a guerilla tactic, where the function effect of modern military technology is limited by battlefield configuration and with low military value of individual target, we are creating a "picture" of the possible view of the future battlefield. Al-Qai'da operatives in east Afghanistan take advantage of the opportunity of geological structure of the terrain and construct tunnel network across natural caves. Although the tunnel network in Afghanistan is constructed mostly in sandstones and metamorphic rocks, we may partly compare it with Austrian hallways. In that sense this work shows the influence of geological structure of the terrain on the effect of military operations in mountains and karst regions, and the analogy between military operations on the Soča river and military operations in Afghanistan.

  6. Risk Factors for Injuries During Military Static-Line Airborne Operations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph; Steelman, Ryan

    2016-11-01

     To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations.  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal.  The search identified 17 684 potential studies. Studies were included if they were written in English, involved military static-line parachute operations, recorded injuries directly from events on the landing zone or from safety or medical records, and provided data for quantitative assessment of injury risk factors. A total of 23 studies met the review criteria, and 15 were included in the meta-analysis.  The summary statistic obtained for each risk factor was the risk ratio, which was the ratio of the injury risk in 1 group to that of another (baseline) group. Where data were sufficient, meta-analyses were performed and heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed.  Risk factors for static-line parachuting injuries included night jumps, jumps with extra equipment, higher wind speeds, higher air temperatures, jumps from fixed-wing aircraft rather than balloons or helicopters, jumps onto certain types of terrain, being a female paratrooper, greater body weight, not using the parachute ankle brace, smaller parachute canopies, simultaneous exits from both sides of an aircraft, higher heat index, winds from the rear of the aircraft on exit entanglements, less experience with a particular parachute system, being an enlisted soldier rather than an officer, and jumps involving a greater number of paratroopers.  We analyzed and summarized factors that increased the injury risk for soldiers during military static-line parachute operations. Understanding and considering these factors in risk evaluations may reduce the likelihood of injury during parachuting.

  7. Comparison of Five 2nd-Generation Supraglottic Airway Devices for Airway Management Performed by Novice Military Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Henlin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Five different second-generation supraglottic airway devices, ProSeal LMA, Supreme LMA, i-gel, SLIPA, and Laryngeal Tube Suction-D, were studied. Operators were inexperienced users with a military background, combat lifesavers, nurses, and physicians. Methods. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Devices were inserted in the operating room in low light conditions after induction of general anesthesia. Primary outcome was successful insertion on the first attempt while secondary aims were insertion time, number of attempts, oropharyngeal seal pressure, ease of insertion, fibre optic position of device, efficacy of ventilation, and intraoperative trauma or regurgitation of gastric contents. Results. In total, 505 patients were studied. First-attempt insertion success rate was higher in the Supreme LMA (96%, i-gel (87.9%, and ProSeal LMA (85.9% groups than in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D (80.6% and SLIPA (69.4% groups. Insertion time was shortest in the Supreme LMA (70.4 ± 32.5 s and i-gel (74.4 ± 41.1 s groups (p<0.001. Oropharyngeal seal pressures were higher in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D and ProSeal LMA groups than in other three devices. Conclusions. Most study parameters for the Supreme LMA and i-gel were found to be superior to the other three tested supraglottic airway devices when inserted by novice military operators.

  8. The general as statesman : exploring the professional need for commanders to support viable political outcomes in peace and stability operations as typified by the UK military approach

    OpenAIRE

    Lovelock, R

    2011-01-01

    The problem of theatre level politico-military arrangements during peace and stability operations is important because the intervening actors, working in complex and often ambiguous circumstances, need to calibrate the application of military and political means as a coherent interdependent whole. This is necessary in order to build peace, secure viable political outcomes and hence strategic successes; however it is not easy in practice. This thesis examines the hypothesis that, beyond their ...

  9. Ignoring the Innocent: Non-combatants in Urban Operations and in Military Models and Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    of non- combatants. Increasing the number of non-combatants and introducing more realistic non-combatant behavior would add realism to military...discussed, Schelling (1978) uses ABM to _________________ 41 New Line Cinema , Lord of the Rings: the Two Towers Extended DVD, 2003. See the feature on...effectiveness of a certain weapon system may have a high degree of visual realism but still make for a poor model if there are significant oversights

  10. A Retrospective Inquiry into the Operation of Service Custom under the American Military General Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-23

    good order and military discipline are still further beyond the bounds of ordinary judicial judgment, for they are not measurable by our innate sense of...country club cloakroom); United States v. Carpenter, G.C.M.O. 121 (Navy 1897) ( homosexual acts by enlisted man with another sailor); United States v...brushed aside Hooper’s contention that since his homosexual liaisons occurred in private and were discrete, his conduct lacked the notoriety necessary to

  11. Guide to Rebuilding Governance in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    of Peace, Special Report No. 107, July 2003. Heinemann-Gruder, Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of...Bowman. “Police Reform Programs: Links to Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis...In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis, Alexander Woodcock, and George Rose, eds., Clementsport, Nova Scotia

  12. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  13. Electronic Warfare: Rethinking the Importance of Its Role In Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    EW mindset changes. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Electronic Warfare, Vulnerability, Military, Threat , Technology, Technological 16. SECURITY...Signature: Kevin nernen, C USAF Corn i e Signatu P er e, , C Directo JointA ancedWarfighting Signature: 10 June 2016 Thesis Advisor: Approved by: School...Electronic warfare support actions taken to identify, locate sources of energy emitted by enemy systems for the purpose of providing threat warning

  14. Reconsidering Military Support to Counterdrug Operations Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-11

    declaring war on gambling, underage drinking, or teen pregnancy . These citizen behaviors cannot be addressed with military power. Declaring war on DTOs...78 1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Much ado was made in the U.S. media during late 2008 and early 2009 of the national security threat posed by...Contemporary U.S.-Mexico Border and Its Future, is an encyclopedic and current source of demographic, geographical, political, economic, and social

  15. Transforming America’s Military: Integrating Unconventional Ground Forces into Combat Air Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the Vietnam War, Operation Desert One (the failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt), and Operation Urgent Fury (the disjointed Grenada operation) was...airpower could have in the upcoming operation to liberate Kuwait. The former commander of JSOC , Army General (Ret.) Wayne Downing, believed that “no...Operations Air Component Commander JSOC —Joint Special Operations Command JSOTF—Joint Special Operations Task Force 22 JSTARS—Joint Surveillance Target

  16. A Look Down the Slippery Slope: Domestic Operations, Outsourcing, and the Erosion of Military Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    First off, I have to say that when I was a student here in 2006, I didn’t dream that I would have the job that I have now … or that such a job would... dreamed of the need for such an office. Back in 2006, our military establishment was focused on “Transformation” of the Department of Defense1 with an...most experienced soldiers and airmen.”104 To be frank, we found ourselves in a surreal situation; we had “contracted out” certain functions

  17. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  18. Operational vector-borne disease surveillance and control: closing the capabilities gap through research at overseas military laboratories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Brian P; Clark, Jeffrey W; Barbara, Kathryn A; Mundal, Kirk D; Furman, Barry D; McAvin, James C; Richardson, Jason H

    2009-01-01

    Malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya virus, leishmaniasis, and a myriad of other vector-borne diseases pose significant threats to the warfighter and to the overall combat effectiveness of units. Military preventive medicine (PM) assets must accurately evaluate the vector-borne disease threat and then implement and/or advise the commander on countermeasures to reduce a particular threat. The success of these measures is contingent upon the biology of the disease vector and on the tools or methods used to conduct vector/pathogen surveillance and vector control. There is a significant gap between the tools available and those required for operational PM assets to provide real-time, effective surveillance and control. A network of US Army and US Navy overseas laboratories is focused on closing the current capabilities gap. Their mission is to develop and field test tools and methods to enhance the combatant commander's ability to identify and mitigate the threat posed by these vector-borne diseases.

  19. Design and Implementation of Multi Agentbased Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (A Case Study on Military Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwin Datunaya Wahyudi Sumari

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Quick, accurate, and complete information is highly required for supporting strategically impact decision making in a Military Operation (MO in order to reduce the decision cycle and to minimize the loss. For that purpose, we propose, design and implement a hierarchical Multi Agentbased Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (MAIFSDMS. The information fusion is implemented by applying Maximum Score of the Total Sum of Joint Probabilities (MSJP fusion method and is done by a collection of Information Fusion Agents (IFA that forms a multiagent system. MAIFS uses a combination of generalization of Dasarathy and Joint Director’s Laboratory (JDL process models for information fusion mechanism. Information fusion products that are displayed in graphical forms provide comprehensive information regarding the MO’s area dynamics. By observing the graphics resulted from the information fusion, the commandant will have situational awareness and knowledge in order to make the most accurate strategic de cision as fast as possible.

  20. Potential and Actual Health Hazards in the Dense Urban Operational Environment: Critical Gaps and Solutions for Military Occupational Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Steven L; Dancy, Blair C R; Ippolito, Danielle L; Stallings, Jonathan D

    2017-08-08

    : This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring.As populations continue to concentrate in cities, civilian and military leaders will need to meet emerging environmental health concerns by developing and delivering adequate technology and policy solutions.

  1. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  2. Sustaining Military Operations in the Arctic -- The U.S. Cannot do it Alone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    islands, and the airspace above in order to achieve a desired end state.” Walter Berbrick, Christopher Gray, Leif Bergey , Fleet Arctic Operations Game...Berbrick, Walter, Christopher Gray, Leif Bergey . Fleet Arctic Operations Game Report 2011. Naval War College War Gaming Department, Newport, RI

  3. An Investigation of Network Enterprise Risk Management Techniques to Support Military Net-Centric Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Entreprise Risk Management .........................................116 B. RECOMMENDATIONS OF AREAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ..117 APPENDIX A...enterprise, can come from external or internal sources and can be directed at multiple objectives such as finance , people, processes, and operational...of managing risk is essentially the same for safety, finances , or operations. How it is applied depends in large part on the application.. Figure

  4. Environmental Assessment for Ongoing and Future Operations at U.S. Navy Dabob Bay and Hood Canal Military Operating Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    OMP Operations Management Plan OSHA Occupation Safety and Health Administration P.L. Public Law PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PHS...phaeopigment, and fecal coliform bacteria . Under the Water Quality Standards for Surface Waters of the State of Washington (WAC Chapter 173-201A), the...non toxic) concentrations is biodegradable by almost all organisms (PSEP 1991). A study of potential torpedo exhaust gas impacts to water quality

  5. Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in Canadian Forces Military Operation: Qualitative and Descriptive Analyses of Commanders’ Operational Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    retraite et huit en service actif), soit 13 de la Force terrestre et deux de la Force maritime. Pour recruter les participants, nous avons fait appel à...original interview study potential participants were approached via telephone call and a subsequent introductory letter that outlined the aims of the...applied to the full set of operational accounts. Average inter-rater reliability for the complete set of transcripts, calculated via the Cohen’s kappa

  6. Nutrition Science and Food Standards for Military Operations (Nutrition et normes d’alimentation pour les operations militaires)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Ration (USA) g Grams GBR United Kingdom GEO Georgia GMO Genetically Modified Organisms GP General Purpose HFM Human Factors and Medicine...Collateral Issues) should capture and raise issues beyond the mandate of the RTG (e.g. Genetically Modified Organisms ( GMO ), status of STANAG...ensured; compts analysed (ISO 17025); GMO , artifi color/aromas forbidden Table E-2: RTG-154 NATO/PfP General Purpose Ration: Functional/Operational

  7. Tool for Military Logistics Planning of Peace Support Operations: The OTAS Planning Tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merrienboer, S.A. van

    1998-01-01

    Within the research group Operations Research Studies Army of the TNO Physics and Electronics Laboratory the OTAS planning tool is developed for the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces. This paper gives a general and brief description of the tool.

  8. Applying Influence Diagrams to Support Collective C2 in Multinational Civil-Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    raised in the multinational CIMIC concepts, doctrine and lessons summarised in Appendices A to C are: • A coherent operational approach. A key...several members of the multinational force (such as intelligence gathering by talking with locals) but others may be conducted by one of the coalition...are summarised in the paper  UK  US  Canada  Netherlands Australian Army 2009, Adaptive Campaigning 09: Army’s Future Land Operating Concept

  9. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-16

    templates becI-e the tool by which the omander and staff co-ktuct a warg•ming process to evaluate possible friendly ourse of action. 7he wargafing process...1747. trans. Brig Gen. Thomas R. Phillips. Roots of Strategy vol 1. (Harrisburg, PA., Stackpole Books, 1985), p. 338. 5. David G. Chandler, ne’ Capigns...Washington, D.C., GFO, 1990), p. 6. 12. David Jablonsky, "Strategy and the Operational Level of War." The Operational Art of Warfare Across the

  10. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. PHALANX. Volume 31, Number 4. December 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    President NATALIE S. ADDISON TOM FRAZIER VPfor Administration GREG WALLICK JIM LOWE Printed On Recycled Paper The PHALANX (ISSN 0195-1920) is...Executive award, Operations, HQ USAF, delivered an Kimball ," PHALANX, September, and three Department of the Army Excep- address on Analysis Lessons

  11. A Simulation Dashboard to Monitor Cognitive Workload during Dismounted Military Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, M. van; Streefkerk, J.W.; Kamphuis, W.; Jetten, A.; Trijp, S. van; Venrooij, W.; Veldhuijs, G.

    2016-01-01

    The rapid development and adoption of new technologies (i.e. advanced sensor and communication platforms and monitoring devices) changes the way soldiers operate in the field. A concern frequently expressed by soldiers and commanders, is the increasing demand that technology places on the cognitive

  12. An Approach and Framework to Synchronize Joint Exercises and Training with Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-06

    Ibid. 6 Ibid. 32 Kosovo, Honduras , the Caribbean and Central America, the Trans Sahara region...Operation Joint Guardian.8 Joint Task Force (JTF) Bravo originated in the Republic of Honduras and currently supports United States interests throughout...expands due to climate change, America’s relationship with Russia and Canada will become increasingly important. The rebalance of forces to the Asia

  13. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research, PHALANX, Vol. 31, No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    Tutorials Monday, 22 June, 1300-1700 NPS, Glasgow Hall Ready Fire Aim - Operations Research in Spreadsheet Dr. Sam L. Savage, Dept of Engineering...solutions for some old problems and in tackling problems of a new kind. Definition As used here, the term "unit cost escala - tion" refers to the

  14. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    cooperation, and nonwar mili- tary operations were not all missions freshly minted by Hu Jintao. China’s contributions to UNPKO had been increasing in...and windows and setting fires (quickly ex- tinguished) after the developer of the “European Garden ” real estate development project tore up their

  15. Evaluation of Georgian military co-operation with partner countries and institutions / George Manjgaladze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manjgaladze, George

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Gruusia sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst välisriikide relvajõudude ja rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonidega, sh NATO-ga 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  16. Evaluation of Georgian military co-operation with partner countries and institutions / George Manjgaladze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manjgaladze, George

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne Gruusia sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst välisriikide relvajõudude ja rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonidega, sh NATO-ga 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  17. Development of medical engagement training toolkits to support special operations military assistance programs in austere environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boedeker, Ben H; Boedeker, David; Tate, Charmaine

    2012-01-01

    The Medical Seminar (MEDSEM) is a medical operation that shares culturally appropriate medical information with a defined indigenous population based upon a "train the trainer" concept. This work describes the development of a hand washing training toolkit designed to support a MEDSEM action in Afghanistan.

  18. Cardiovascular and thermal strain during 3-4 days of a metabolically demanding cold-weather military operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellani, John W; Spitz, Marissa G; Karis, Anthony J; Martini, Svein; Young, Andrew J; Margolis, Lee M; Phillip Karl, J; Murphy, Nancy E; Xu, Xiaojiang; Montain, Scott J; Bohn, Jamie A; Teien, Hilde K; Stenberg, Pål H; Gundersen, Yngvar; Pasiakos, Stefan M

    2017-01-01

    Cardiovascular (CV) and thermal responses to metabolically demanding multi-day military operations in extreme cold-weather environments are not well described. Characterization of these operations will provide greater insights into possible performance capabilities and cold injury risk. Soldiers from two cold-weather field training exercises (FTX) were studied during 3-day (study 1, n = 18, age: 20 ± 1 year, height: 182 ± 7 cm, mass: 82 ± 9 kg) and 4-day (study 2, n = 10, age: 20 ± 1 year, height: 182 ± 6 cm, mass: 80.7 ± 8.3 kg) ski marches in the Arctic. Ambient temperature ranged from -18 to -4 °C during both studies. Total daily energy expenditure (TDEE, from doubly labeled water), heart rate (HR), deep body (Tpill), and torso (Ttorso) skin temperature (obtained in studies 1 and 2) as well as finger (Tfing), toe (Ttoe), wrist, and calf temperatures (study 2) were measured. TDEE was 6821 ± 578 kcal day(-1) and 6394 ± 544 for study 1 and study 2, respectively. Mean HR ranged from 120 to 140 bpm and mean Tpill ranged between 37.5 and 38.0 °C during skiing in both studies. At rest, mean Tpill ranged from 36.0 to 36.5 °C, (lowest value recorded was 35.5 °C). Mean Tfing ranged from 32 to 35 °C during exercise and dropped to 15 °C during rest, with some Tfing values as low as 6-10 °C. Ttoe was above 30 °C during skiing but dropped to 15-20 °C during rest. Daily energy expenditures were among the highest observed for a military training exercise, with moderate exercise intensity levels (~65% age-predicted maximal HR) observed. The short-term cold-weather training did not elicit high CV and Tpill strain. Tfing and Ttoe were also well maintained while skiing, but decreased to values associated with thermal discomfort at rest.

  19. 赛博作战对军事通信未来发展的影响%The impacts of cyber operation on future development of military communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆建勋

    2012-01-01

    The theory and practice of cyberspace and cyber operation develop rapidly in the US military nowadays, which brings tremendous challenge to the development of information system and military communication in the future. In this paper, the developing trend of cyber operation in the US military is introduced firstly; then, the impacts on the development of military communication is discussed; finally, some conception on the development of future communication is proposed.%美军赛博空间与赛博战理论及实践正在迅速发展,对未来信息系统与军事通信的发展带来巨大挑战.本文首先介绍了美军赛博战的发展动态,然后论述了对军事通信发展带来的影响,最后对未来通信的发展提出几点设想.

  20. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    to design operations and campaigns around the coercion-deterrence dynamic, which is, around either coercing or deterring rival powers, or some...agreements to weaken, or nullify, our rivals’ ability to resist—all with the aim of fur- thering the designs of grand strategy. Such positioning takes...surveillance conducted by remotely piloted aerial vehicles (usu- ally referred to as UAVs or drones ), which can also be armed with air-to-surface

  1. Seizing the Digital High Ground: Military Operations and Politics in the Social Media Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    certainly be traced to the standard sources: weak governance, low economic opportunity, corruption , income inequality , human rights violations, and...Politics in the Social Media Era 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR Lt Col Andrew Ridland, British Army 5d...of social media, is changing how society operates. Confidentiality is being replaced by openness; information that was hitherto the preserve of a few

  2. Force of No Choice: The Role of the Military in Interagency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-19

    operatio/ (accessed August 26, 2007). Original phrase is attributable to Thomas Hobbes ’ Leviathan , 1651. It refers to the life of mankind when in its...sovereignty. This analysis finds common ground in academic writings. In his book The Lexus and the Olive Tree, Thomas Friedman defines globalization...21 Australian Army, Complex Warfighting: The Future Land Operational Concept, 2-3. 22 Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the

  3. Arab Public Opinion and NATO after the International Military Operations in Libya

    OpenAIRE

    Saddiki, Said

    2012-01-01

    Although, NATO has always taken into account public opinion in its member states, the emergence of new Information and Communication Technologies and the extension of its out-of- area operations have given NATO a new impetus to extend the space of communication beyond the Alliance countries.With regard to the NATO's partnership with Arab countries, the Arab spring uprisings have created a new political atmosphere in which many signs of a positive perception of NATO and its members states...

  4. Band of Brothers or Dysfunctional Family? A Military Perspective on Coalition Challenges During Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    chief of defense of the second-largest contributor to OAF [Operation Allied Freedom], France, General [ Jean -Pierre] Kelche, later said that he had...Jennifer D. P., Nancy E. Blacker, Renee Buhr, James McFadden, Cathryn Quantic Thurston, and Anny Wong, Building Partner Capabilities for Coalition...Terrorism, Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, 2002. Pigeon, Luc , “Lessons Learned: Coalition,” email to

  5. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    aid- ing in tactical operations, 38-280 Erler Robert J! (with GD talushynsky and llV Wilson), Point defense requirements model: methodology and Frieder...CONUS eir defense. 34-34 pote Address. 33rd MiORS). 3f3-3 lialushynsky George D (with RII Erler and IJY Wilson). loltrv A (with C Andersen and R...301 40-188 i °A Washburn Allen R, Some thoughts on the changing Wilson Harold V (with RH Erler and ui Halushynsky), environment for cost-effectiveness

  6. Civil & Military Operations: Evolutionary Prep Steps to Pass Smart Power Current Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    for learning what you needed to know to evaluate baseball players and baseball games .” (p. 68) – to look for new knowledge on the subject being...of his Ender Series of warfare and future of humanity. “The route of war might succeed for a time – and the operative word in “might,” since...unfair game . W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York:NY, 2003. (Mehta, 2011) – Mehta, Seema, Giffords’ surgeon trained on the battlefield. Los Angeles

  7. A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Investigation of the Efficacy of Modafinil for Maintaining Alertness and Performance in Sustained Military Ground Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    SUSTAINED MILITARY GROUND OPERATIONS Jeffrey Whitmore Patrick Hickey Brandon Doan Richard Harrison James Kisner Thomas Beltran John McQuade Joseph...NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 62202F 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Whitmore;Jeffrey, Hickey, Patrick; Doan, 7757 Brandon; Harrison, Richard, Kisner ...Heintz, Hickey, Hurtle, Kisner , and Smith, 2004). The dosing scheme used in the current study was similar to schemes recommended by Buguet, Moroz

  8. Operation Aftershock: the U.S. military disaster response to the Yogyakarta earthquake May through June 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundson, Dennis; Lane, David; Ferrara, Elizabeth

    2008-03-01

    The U.S. military has recently been involved in many humanitarian assistance and disaster response missions around the world. This newfound role is in response to the U.S. government's desire to use "medical diplomacy" rather than "military might" to shape its relationship with foreign governments. With each of these humanitarian assistance and disaster response missions, the U.S. military has learned how to more rapidly insert desperately needed services and skill sets into disaster-struck communities, how to arrange for in-country services (translation services, transportation, etc.) that cannot be readily brought in, and how to work closely with foreign governments and nongovernmental organizations to determine their needs and expectations without the U.S. military appearing as if it were trying to establish a permanent presence.

  9. Military Construction: FY2017 Appropriations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-04

    and reserve components of the armed forces, military family housing construction and operations, the U.S. contribution to the NATO Security Investment...Appropriations Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Military construction for active and reserve components of the armed forces, military...Rescinded appropriations may be applied against current year appropriations to reduce the new budget authority needed to satisfy requirements . The net

  10. 南宋两淮军事指挥系统运行机制%Operation of Huaihe River region military chain of command of Southern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕来

    2012-01-01

    This paper,taking the institution and operation of the Southern Song Dynasty,examines the military chain of command in Huaihe River region,the allocation of its subsidiary bodies and the operation mechanism in its goods management.The analysis indicates that it was more similar to the central dispatch but quite different from the subsequent home secretary,and other institutions.Military officers of Song Huai River theater enjoy all the way(actually east of Huainan,west of Huainan) in military dictatorship,and it is relatively independent of the administration,personnel,financial powers.%以南宋都督府的设置和运作为例,考察南宋两淮地区军事指挥系统及其附属机构的人员调配、财物管理等运行机制。分析认为:其性质更接近于中央派出机构,而与日后的制置司等机构迥然不同;南宋两淮战区军事主官享有一路(实际是淮南东、淮南西二路)的军事独裁权以及相对独立的行政、人事、财政权。

  11. 军队医院网络安全风险与控制%Security Risk Analysis of Military Hospital Network Security and Practice on Security Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊; 刘敏超

    2015-01-01

    Hospital network is a carrier of hospital information system. Building network security has the proper meaning of military hospital informatization. By analyzing the complexity and security risk of military hospital network, we summarized the network security operation scheme including physical isolation, physical security, access security, internet security, authorization and terminal security in practice.%医院网络是医院信息系统的载体,构建安全网络是军队医院信息化的题中之义。通过分析军队医院网络复杂性及其安全风险,总结我院构建网络隔离、物理安全、接入安全、互联安全、权限管理和终端安全的网络安全运维实践方案。

  12. Iraqi Military Academies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operate on the basis of the NATO standards. Iraqi military academies paid miuch attention to the specifics of the military and political situation in Iraq – counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, patrolling cities, fighting in an urban environment etc. Significant place in the curriculum take the courses contributing to the formation of pro-Western sentiment.

  13. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    documented both in the author’s current and previous research. It is the most likely cause of the “fear to make a decision” syndrome among contracting...aboard the Pan American Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at...the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about five years, a few dozen employees of Pan

  14. Comparing military and civilian critical thinking and information processes in operational risk management: what are the lessons?

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanVactor, Jerry D; Gill, Tony

    2010-03-01

    Business continuity has expanded into a discipline that spans most functional areas of large enterprises. Both the military and financial sectors have consistently demonstrated an aptitude to expand the boundaries of continuity planning and crisis mitigation. A comparison of both enterprises is provided to see how their respective methodologies compare. Interestingly, the similarities far outweigh the differences. The paper provides commentary related to comparative insight from risk practitioners' perspectives from within the US Army, one of the largest military organisations in the world, and the Bank of Montreal, one of Canada's leading financial institutions.

  15. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron P

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pnina Ron School of Social Work, Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel Objective: A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout among them.Methods: A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire.Results: Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. Keywords: elderly care, death anxiety, work immigrants, burnout, military operations

  16. Balancing Act: The U. S. Military’s Reliance on Contractors to Fulfill Operational-Level Logistical Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-15

    Military Sealift Command. Combat Logistics Force (PM1), 1. 40 Ibid. 41 Michael Marquez, Richard Rayos, and John Mercado . Standard Port-Visit Forecasting...Series no. 8 (2012). Marquez, Michael, John Mercado , and Richard Rayos. Standard Port-Visit Forecasting Model for U.S. Navy Husbanding

  17. The Korean Military Advisory Group -- Developmental Challenges during Ongoing Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    to indigenous Korean military forces has direct applicability to current military operations in Afghanistan. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Korean...Korean military forces has direct applicability to current military operations in Afghanistan. iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to firstly...and equipping under “Operation BAMBOO ” prior to the initiation of hostilities with North Korea. Developed in December of 1945, this program

  18. Financial Support of Military Hospitals in Military Operations other than War%非战争军事行动中军队医院财务保障措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊训英

    2012-01-01

    本文依据非战争军事行动对医院财务保障提出的要求,针对当前非战争军事行动中财务保障存在的不足,提出了统筹资源、完善预案、建立机制、保障效益,加大基础建设五个方面的改进措施.%According to the characteristics and defects of financial support in military operation other than war, the author put forward the improving measures, which included planning the resources as a whole, perfecting preplan, establishing mechanism, ensuring effectiveness, increasing the infrastructure construction.

  19. Fiscal and Operational Impacts of Standardizing US Military Resiliency Programs to Minimize Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    separate programs aimed at decreasing the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide . The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the current...Marine Corps Behavioral Health Information Network Primary focus: Community counseling and suicide prevention Website: http://bhin.usmc-mccs .org... Behavior of Men in Battle. New York: Free Press, 1985. House. Current Status of Suicide Prevention Programs in the Military: Hearing before the

  20. Final Environmental Assessment for Proposed Airspace Changes for Paradise East and Paradise West Military Operations Areas (MOAs) at Mountain Home Air Force Base (MHAFB) Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    spill-out” (training aircraft inadvertently flies outside of the MOA). These events significantly increase the ARTCC/Military RADAR Unit ( MRU ...military aircraft traffic. Military traffic within the MHRC MOAs is the responsibility of Cowboy Control Military Radar Unit ( MRU ).  Military Training...airspace because Cowboy Control MRU is not an Air Traffic Control facility and is therefore limited procedurally. The location of DVR relegates the

  1. SERVARE-VITAS political consequences for Romanian national government and military of hostage deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces hostage rescue operation

    OpenAIRE

    Rapanu, Adrian.

    2006-01-01

    Humankind conflicts reached a point where the use of terrorism continues to be viewed as an acceptable and valuable instrument to pursue political goals. Because of the fact that the Romanian forces have encountered little action in the terrorism arena, one can say that the Romanian counter-terrorism and antiterrorism arrangements within the law enforcement and military are immature. This paper attempts to shed light upon the current crisis management procedures and how that arrangement...

  2. [Intersectoral experience to bridge the gap between human resources in public health and the technical-operational level for Peruvian Voluntary Military Service members].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romaní-Romaní, Franco; Curisinche-Rojas, Maricela; Arteaga, Norka Rojas; Lopez, Pedro Riega; Cabezas, César

    2016-01-01

    There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices. Between July 2014 and December 2015, the program has been carried out in 10 venues of the three armed forces, training and certifying 405 young servicemen. The intervention provides the military service with an additional educational benefit, making it more appealing as a chance for development and opens up a line of work in the public health sector for young people in more remote areas. This experience seeks to increase public health-trained human resources to a technical-operational level. In collaboration with regional governments, graduates are expected to be welcomed and included in the public health system.

  3. Study of the Military Operation Equipment Provision from Libyan War%从利比亚战争看军事斗争装备准备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯华; 李福生; 吕文奇

    2011-01-01

    针对利比亚战争双方军事斗争装备准备特点,运用对比分析方法,从信息系统建设、装备预置、保障手段建设、保障方法改进、战备储备、自主保障能力建设等6个方面分析作战双方装备准备特点,提出对我军军事斗争装备准备的启示.%This paper directs against the characteristics of both sides' military operation equipment provision in Libyan War, applies the way of comparative analysis, analyzes the characteristics of e-quipment provision from information system construction, equipment presetting, support methods construction, support ways improving, war preparedness reserve and independent support ability construction. In the end, it probes into equipment provision inspirations of our army military operation.

  4. Military Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans’ Health Care Use What ...

  5. Military Adaptation in War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    the Germans believed they had won the war. General Alfred Jodl, the OKW’s (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the Armed Forces High Command) chief of staff...was soon in the hands of Britain’s political and military leaders: “OPERATION ADLER [EAGLE]. Within a short period you will wipe out the British air...in Airpower and Warfare, Proceedings of the Eighth Military History Symposium, ed. by Colonel Alfred F. Hurley and Major Robert C. Ehrhart

  6. Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique d’aide a la decision pour la planification des missions d’helicopteres dans des operations militaires et de secours en cas de catastrophe)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    TR-SAS-045 Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique ...Computer Based Decision Support Tool for Helicopter Mission Planning in Disaster Relief and Military Operations (Outil informatique d’aide à la...RTO-TR-SAS-045 Outil informatique d’aide à la décision pour la planification des missions d’hélicoptères dans des opérations militaires et de

  7. Influenza risk management: lessons learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation in an operational military setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Margaret; Sebeny, Peter; Klena, John D; Demattos, Cecilia; Pimentel, Guillermo; Turner, Mark; Joseph, Antony; Espiritu, Jennifer; Zumwalt, John; Dueger, Erica

    2013-01-01

    At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation. Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C) in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1) pdm09 viruses from the same time period. The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1) pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate), and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance.

  8. Influenza risk management: lessons learned from an A(H1N1 pdm09 outbreak investigation in an operational military setting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Farrell

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. OBJECTIVES: In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1 pdm09 outbreak investigation. PATIENTS/METHODS: Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1 pdm09 viruses from the same time period. RESULTS: The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1 pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate, and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance.

  9. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) military mental health issues. Information on the wars' signature wounds: posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieland, Diane; Hursey, Melodee; Delgado, Deborah

    2010-09-01

    This topic can be related to the nursing profession and the need to be better educated on military mental health. Since mood disorder, suicide, alcohol abuse, PTSD and TBI are evident in actively serving and returning service members, it is imperative to educate nurses and healthcare providers about these conditions, the available evidence-based treatments and referrals to programs for these signature OEF/OIF wounds. The authors encourage nurse educators to consider ways to include military mental health and other service-related health issues into nursing curricula and to use Veterans Administration and veterans-related healthcare facilities for clinical courses. As the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq continue into the foreseeable future, many veterans will be seen not only in VA facilities, but they will self-refer to academic and community hospitals, and psychiatric and rehabilitation centers. It is important for all nurses to be aware of the effects of PTSD, depression, suicide, substance abuse and TBI on our patients and to be effective advocates for quality care of veterans in all settings. Nurses need to advocate for screening and provision of mental health services in primary care settings. When such services are offered in primary care settings, it normalizes the care and the service member will more likely allow themselves to receive the care (Jones, 2004). All nurses must understand the price of war experienced by U.S. service members and their families, and in particular, the invisible wounds of war.

  10. LOYALTY AND THE MILITARY PROFESSION

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    loyalty, though, is that it invites unfairness , asks one to put aside reliance on good reason, and encourages irresponsibility. Baron explores...loyalty to fellow brethren in another. If the value of military loyalty were based solely on the quantity of advantages to disadvantages, there... advantage of military operational loyalty, enabling 27 service members to fight to the death, which is an advantage of military loyalty whose

  11. Brothers in arms or peace? The media representation of Swedish and Norwegian defence- and military co-operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stig Arne Nohrstedt

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relevance of Johan Galtung's model for peace journalism and critical discourse analysis (CDA in light of the media coverage of Swedish and Norwegian defence cooperation. By analysing the proposal for closer military cooperation between the Nato-member Norway and the non-aligned Sweden the article emphasises the paradox that the fact that both Sweden and Norway have forces fighting in Afghanistan was not mentioned when the heads of the Norwegian and Swedish Defence in a joint article justified the need for a closer cooperation between the two countries. Thus this analysis illustrates some limitations of the peace journalism perspective and the necessity to take a contextual approach in which also the possibility of "peace talk" being part of a war discourse is considered.

  12. Design and Implementation of Multi Agent-based Information Fusion System for Supporting Decision Making (A Case Study on Military Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwin Datumaya Wahyudi Sumari

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Quick, accurate, and complete information is highly required for supporting strategically impact decision making in a Military Operation (MO in order to reduce the decision cycle and to minimize the loss. For that purpose, we propose, design and implement a hierarchical Multi Agent-based Information Fusion System for Decision Making Support (MAIFS-DMS. The information fusion is implemented by applying Maximum Score of the Total Sum of Joint Probabilities (MSJP fusion method and is done by a collection of Information Fusion Agents (IFA that forms a multiagent system. MAIFS uses a combination of generalization of Dasarathy and Joint Director’s Laboratory (JDL process models for information fusion mechanism. Information fusion products that are displayed in graphical forms provide comprehensive information regarding the MO area dynamics. By observing the graphics resulted from the information fusion, the commandant will have situational awareness and knowledge in order to make the most accurate strategic decision as fast as possible

  13. 多样化军事行动装备物资保障研究%Equipment and Material Support for Diversified Military Operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玉杰; 梅全亭

    2012-01-01

    在厘定多样化军事行动装备物资保障内涵的基础上,通过对现行多样化军事行动装备物资保障的研究分析,总结了多样化军事行动装备物资保障的特点和存在的问题,进而提出了多样化军事行动装备物资保障的优化措施.%After clarifying the connotation of equipment and material support for diversified military operations, the paper studies its prevalent practice, summarizes its characteristics and problems and finally proposes measures for optimization.

  14. Transformation - Revolution in Military Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    adopted by the logistics community as part of the Army’s Revolution in Military Logistics ....operations." To support this vision, Army logistics requires a quantum leap in strategic responsiveness. This change is called "Revolution in Military ... Logistics ," to know what the customer, the Warfighter, needs before he requests it. This study examines proposed improvements in automation

  15. A Framework for NGO-Military Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    the roles of various actors involved in postconflict reconstruction ” (Gheciu 2011, 96). Blurred boundaries, in the case of increasing NATO military...Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OE Operational Environment OFDA Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance PRT Provincial Reconstruction Team SAR...military units are now tasked with a broad range of stability missions, from peacekeeping to post-conflict reconstruction . Military units

  16. The Military Assistance Command-Vietnam Studies and Observations Group-A Case Study in Special Operations Campaigning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    the adversary’s strategic and operational calculus .”94 The evidence suggests that the leadership of MACV never effectively planned at a holistic...Operations. Canberra: Defence Publishing Service, 2004. Beins, Bernard C. Research Methods . Boston, MA: Pearson Education, 2009. Cosmas, Graham A

  17. An Analysis of the Feasibility of Implementing Ultra Wideband and Mesh Network Technology in Support of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Link Quality MID Multiple Interface Declaration MMRP Mobile Mesh Routing Protocol MPR Multipoint Relay NIC Network Interface Card NLQ...Neighbor Link Quality NOC Network Operations Center NPS Naval Postgraduate School OLSR Optimized Link State Routing xvi OSI Open System...information is at the Camp Roberts Network Operations Center ( NOC ), the information is processed and sent to the Naval Postgraduate School Global

  18. On security work in military operations other than war%论非战争军事行动中的安全工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满振刚; 周琳

    2011-01-01

    With the expansion of the content of national security view and the growth of non-traditional threats to security, our forces are becoming more and more involved in military operations other than war (MOOTW). In the meantime, we are facing an increasingly complicated situation, and the factors which may jeopardize the security or stability of our forces also grow in number. Therefore, we should put a strategic value on the security of MOOTW and take firm actions to ensure it. Specifical- ly, more is to be done concerning strengthening political work, emphasizing prediction and analysis, establishing emergency management system, improving specific training level, as well as renewing equipment and facilities. All of these serve the purpose of running the security carefully and concretely, ensuring the military security and stability while engaging in MOOTW.%随着国家安全观的内涵不断延伸和非传统安全威胁不断上升,我军遂行非战争军事行动任务日益频繁,面临的情况日趋复杂,影响和危害部队安全稳定的因素逐渐增多。因此,我军应高度重视非战争军事行动中的安全工作,并从加强政治工作、注重预测分析、完善应急管理机制、提升官兵针对性训练水平、进行装备革新等方面着手,把安全工作做细做实,保证在顺利完成任务的同时保持部队安全稳定。

  19. Military Marvels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The crucial role played by China’s military since the Sichuan earthquake has endeared them to the country more than ever August 1 is the founding anniversary of China’s People’s Liberation Army(PLA).It’s a date with particular public resonance this year because of the crucial role the military has played

  20. Military Operations Research Society Symposium (70th): Military Operations Research at the Next Frontier. Held at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on 18-20 June 2002. Final Program and Book of Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-20

    Call to Order and Announcements National Anthem and Posting of Colors Host Welcome Sponsor’s Welcome Keynote Address MORS Welcome and...Hall, Eisenhower Auditorium " Call to Order Dr. Steven E. Pilnick, Program Chair, 70th MORSS " National Anthem & Posting of Colors * Host Welcome Mr...Operations Analysis Supporting the Joint Task Force Ms. Cindy Grier MAJ Bobbi Leyes , USA HQ USAREUR Unit 29351 HQ USAREUR Unit 29351 ATTN: AEAGS-OR ATTN

  1. Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

    2010-01-01

    Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

  2. Cooperative Extension Training Impact on Military Youth and 4-H Youth: The Case of Speak Out for Military Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwin, James; McKinley, Steve; Talbert, B. Allen

    2010-01-01

    Extension needs new venues to promote their programming skills to unfamiliar audiences. One new audience Extension is currently reaching is military children. By partnering with Operation: Military Kids to offer a Speak Out for Military Kids training, Extension supports military children and document changes in the behavior of this audience.…

  3. Defining the Information within Military Information Operations: Utilizing a Case Study of the Jammu and Kashmir Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-25

    Affairs. The Prevention of Terrorism Act 2002 Available at http://mha.nic.in/ poto -02.htm#schedule. India employs resources in its COIN operations...120 Alexander, 312-317. 1987, or TADA, and the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance, 2001, or the POTO that later became the Act of 2002 (POTA).119 Since

  4. A PERSPECTIVE ON MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICE ROLE IN STABILIZATION OPERATIONS: EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE MEDICAL SERVICE CAPABILITIES INMEDICAL DIPLOMACY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    freedom to conduct their operations. Yet in asymmetric warfare, civilian health workers will be restricted and therefore require more constant...active International Health Specialist Program which provides the organizational structure needed to meet the currently outlined mission required for...Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Advisor: Dr. Stephen F. Burgess Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama April 6, 2017 DISTRIBUTION A

  5. MOUT: Military Operations in Urban Terrain (Air Land Sea Bulletin, Issue No. 2008-1, January 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Regiment (3ACR) in Tal Afar; and 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division in Ramadi. Tal Afar in early 2005 was dominated by Al Qaeda in Iraq. Local...MOUT villages in the approximate center of the Hohenfels Training Area ( HTA ). These targets also had the advantage of being relatively unrestricted...missile target development in early entry and mature theater operations. It provides a common understanding of the threat missile target set and

  6. Summary Report - Inspections of DoD Facilities and Military Housing and Audits of Base Operations and Support Services Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-14

    Emergency Services (F&ES) Program,” December 21, 2006 X All DoD operations Worldwide UFC 3-101-01, “ Architecture ,” Change 2, March 1, 2016 X X New...smoke detectors and live wires directly on roof (see Figure 2); • an aircraft hangar containing sleeping quarters at Bagram Air Field that lacked...buildings at 12 of the 15 installations inspected did not have smoke alarms installed in sleeping areas (87 deficiencies); • 6 buildings with improperly

  7. Sound Military Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-01-01

    out its continuance. Habitual and studied adherence to the chain of com- mand in administrative matters, in consultation, in the ex- change of...each other. The Fundamental Military Principie , as a va!id guide, encounters no exception in the field it purports to cover. As a practical guide, it...do with the characteristic operations of the command, rather thhan of the commander; they there- fore relate to such matters as routine administration

  8. Military Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    1949-07-01

    Public finance -------------------~·---------------------22 Civilian protection -------------------------------------23 Public health and sanitation...22. PUBLIC. ~INANCE.~q. Basic "planning data for public finance in- clude-- (1) ·rrax·ation systems: - .(2)- ~ethods of_tpaking appropriations.- ( 3...Probable ·adequacy- of public funds. (.4) Administrative .. _ organization for_ public finance sections. b. Military government -staff sections

  9. 军事逆向物流的战略需求、实施及其运作模式%Strategic Demand, Implementation and Operational Mode of Reverse Military Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊智涛; 潘世举; 梁颖祥

    2016-01-01

    军事逆向物流是军队现代化建设的重要内容,是提升军队战斗力的重要手段.分析了军事逆向物流的战略需求,在此基础上对军事逆向物流战略的实施从五个方面进行了重点分析探讨,指出了其中应该注意的问题,同时对军事逆向物流的运作模式进行了探讨,分析了两种运作模式的特点、机制及其缺点,最后进行了总结,指出了军事逆向物流模式的选择中应该考虑的因素.%The reverse military logistics system is an important part in the modern army construction and an important means to improve the combat capability of the Chinese army. In this paper, we analyzed the strategic demand of the reverse military logistics system, then on such basis, focuses on five aspects in the implementation of the reverse military logistics strategy, pointed out the existing problems, discussed its operational mode, analyzed and compared the characteristics, working mechanism and shortcomings of two popular operational modes, and at the end, concluded on the factors to be considered in the selection of the reverse military logistics modes.

  10. Civil Military Operations In Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    and demanded Bucaram’s resignation. The next day, the Coordinadora Política de Mujeres Ecuatorianas joined the fray, and on February 5, multitudes in...34, Christian Science Monitor, 23, Jul 2002. 101 "La violencia en los ültimos meses en Sucumbios", El Comercio, 28 of January of 2003 102 "La poca...107 "La violencia en los últomos meses en Sucumbios", El Comercio, 28 January of 2003 66 Ríos, Galápagos and the

  11. International Law and Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Crimes Under Flags of Convenience: In a Depressed Shipping Market, Poor Nations Sell Flags for Criminal Ventures, 127 MARITIME STUDIES, Nov.-Dec...Planck Institute for International Law at Heidelberg (Germany), a Meltzer Visiting Professor of Inter- national Law at New York University and a

  12. Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    hegemony. Rising states, primarily identified as the BRIC countries, (Brazil, Russia, India and China), but potentially including South Africa, Korea...occurred in cooperation and integration between departments and agency due to Secretary-level cooperation. Particularly innovative was then-Secretary...Without innovative solutions, current programming and training strategies will be hard-pressed to eliminate “preparation-execution” training gaps or

  13. UN Peacebuilding Operations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Civil-Military Coordination and UN Peacebuilding Operations actors, including but not ..... (b) the military unit is deployed as part of an integrated civilian-military- ..... ians and those no longer taking part in hostilities, and the provision of food, water .... providing transport and manpower, engineering support, equipment like.

  14. 非战争军事行动中军队医院机动卫勤分队模块化抽组的建设思考%Think about constructing modular pumping grouping of military hospital's mobile medical units in the military operations other than war

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵从林; 李思睿

    2015-01-01

    In the military operations other than war(MOOTW),the ability and efficiency of mobile medical units of military hospitals in performing medical tasks depend on the convenience and accuracy of modular pumping grouping. The modularity approach is an effective method in dealing with complicated tasks. In an attempt to illustrate the complex problem of pumping grouping in the modular approach through combining the modularization principle and mobile medical unit pumping grouping ,this research has been an useful endeavor to improve the medical capacity of mobile medical units in military hospitals.%在非战争军事行动背景下,军队综合性医院机动卫勤分队遂行卫勤保障任务的效率和能力,取决于模块化抽组的便捷性和准确性。模块化是处理复杂问题的有效方法之一,本文将模块化原理和机动卫勤分队抽组有机结合起来,试图把复杂的抽组问题通过模块化方式得以阐述,为提高军队医院机动卫勤分队卫勤保障能力进行尝试。

  15. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...... Common Security and Defence Policy with the explicit purpose to help manage violent conflicts beyond its borders. This book develops a definition and a set of criteria for success in military conflict management and applies this new analytical framework in a comparative case study of the five EU military...... operations undertaken in Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and the Central African Republic. Having evaluated their success the book goes on to explore the conditions under which military conflict management operations conducted by international organizations...

  16. Team spirit makes the difference : The interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermans, S.M.; Kamphuis, W.; Delahaij, R.; Berg, C. van den; Euwema, M.C.

    2014-01-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and b

  17. Influenza Risk Management: Lessons Learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 Outbreak Investigation in an Operational Military Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    Olalla Peralta P, et al.. Pandemic Influenza (H 1 N 1) 2009 Outbreak in a Military Academy: start of community circulation in Spain. Rev Esp Salud ... Publica 84(5):597-607 5. Kapp L, Jansen DJ (2009) The role of the Department of Defense during a flu pandemic. Washington (DC): CRS Report for Congress

  18. Injuries due to firearms and air guns among U.S. military members not participating in overseas combat operations, 2002-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    During 2002-2011, active component U.S. service members sustained 4,657 firearm-related injuries in circumstances other than deployment to the wars in Iraq/Afghanistan; 35 percent of the injuries were fatal. The highest firearm-related injury rates reflected service members in law enforcement/security and combat occupations. Of fatal injuries, 28 percent and 24 percent were suicides and homicides, respectively; among service members 30 and older, 84 percent of noncombat firearm-related deaths were suicides and 14 percent were homicides. In circumstances other than war, rates of both fatal and nonfatal firearm- related injuries are much lower among military members than civilian males aged 18-44. During the period, rates of nonfatal firearm-related injuries among non-deployed military members increased sharply, peaking in 2008. The trend reflects that among U.S. civilian males aged 18-44. However, firearm-related fatality rates were stable among civilians but increased among military members. The increase in rates of firearm-related fatalities among non-deployed military members reflects the increase in rates of suicides by firearms. Rates of injuries due to BB, pellet or paintball guns also increased during the period.

  19. Team spirit makes the difference : The interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermans, S.M.; Kamphuis, W.; Delahaij, R.; Berg, C. van den; Euwema, M.C.

    2014-01-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and

  20. Assessment of salivary biomarkers for stress induced by military operations in thermal environments%唾液生物标志物用于热环境军事作业负荷评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卡; 游嘉; 张乾勇; 朱俊东; 刘戟环; 郎和东; 糜漫天

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether salivary amylase( AMS ), salivary cortisol( SC ), and chromogranin A ( CgA ) in saliva can be used as biological markers of military stress in a thermal environment. Methods Eighty young male soldiers were randomly divided into low intensity group, moderate intensity group, high intensity group, and heavy intensity group. Saliva was collected before and after one hour's military march in a thermal environment. Salivary AMS,SC and CgA contents were detected by ELISA method and the correlations between the changes of such indexes and the military operation intensity were analyzed using Spearman's statistic method. Results After military operations in a thermal environment, the contents of SC,AMS and CgA in all experiment groups were significantly increased. According to Spearman's correlation analysis, changes of SC after military operations had significant positive correlations with the physical activity level( r = 0. 923 , P < 0.05 )while there were no significant correlations in SC or AMS. Conclusion SC, CgA and AMS can reflect the military stress state and SC has the potential to be used as the biomarker for stress induced by military operations in a thermal environment.%目的 探讨人体唾液中唾液淀粉酶(salivary amylase,AMS)、嗜铬粒蛋白A(chromogranin A,CgA)和唾液皮质醇(salivary cortisol,SC)是否可作为反映湿热环境军事作业负荷的生物学标志物.方法 选取热区部队80名士兵为研究对象,随机分为4组,分别在湿热环境下进行1 h的轻度、中度、重度、极重度劳动强度军事作业以诱导军事应激.在作业前和作业结束后即刻收集唾液,运用ELISA检测试剂盒测定AMS、CgA和SC含量,并进一步采用Spearman法分析上述指标作业前后含量变化与军事作业强度的相关性.结果 与作业前相比,各组AMS、CgA和SC在军事作业后均显著升高.作业前后AMS、CgA改变在不同作业强度组无显著差异,而作业后SC

  1. The Systems Approach to Transform the Capabilities of Military Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lis Andrzej

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyze the potential and challenges of applying the systems approach to transform military logistics as an element of the armed forces development program. First of all, the structure of the military logistic system is identified and discussed. Secondly, the principles governing military logistics are studied in order to point out the requirements for a military logistic system. Thirdly, the operational capability based approach to transform and develop contemporary armed forces is considered. Finally, the systems approach to develop the capabilities of military logistics is operationalized and the tools supporting the planning of the military logistic system development are proposed.

  2. Military Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    United States Army War College Department of Command, Leadership , and Management Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, PA Military Preparednessa Dr...Readiness Management Systems A 1991 RAND study differentiated several readiness appraisals, each constituting a “pillar” of readiness management that...The question seems a simple one at the national level, but in defense management practice it is actually two questions rolled into one, and the

  3. Designing a Serious Game for Military Ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, T.J.; Visschedijk, G.C.

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel of all ranks and on all levels will encounter ethicaldilemmas during their career. Ethical dilemmas may occur in day-to-day business and, more importantly, during military operations, in which certain decisions may mean a difference between life and death. In order to prepare

  4. Outsourcing Operational Logistics: Buyer Beware

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Privatized Military Logistics 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Chairman, JMO Dept...CONTENTS Abstract i Introduction 1 Historical Examples of Privatized Military Logistics 2 Analysis: Problems of Outsourcing Military Logistics 5...to combat operations contribute to the argument not to privatize military logistics . 2 In the current vocabulary of the American military

  5. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...... operations undertaken in Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and the Central African Republic. Having evaluated their success the book goes on to explore the conditions under which military conflict management operations conducted by international organizations...

  6. Trial by Jury in Russian Military Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolai P. Kovalev

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available One of peculiar features of the military criminal justice system in Russia is that in some cases military defendants may apply for trial by jury. Unlike the existing U.S. court-martial jury and the Russian military jury of the early 1900s (World War I period which were comprised of the members of the armed forces, in modern Russia jurors trying military defendants are civilians. This article aims to provide a brief history of military jury in Russia and identify issues of independence and impartiality in Russian military courts with participation of lay decision-makers. In particular, the article will analyze two high-profile cases which resulted in acquittals of Russian officers accused of killing several Chechen civilians during counter-terrorist operations in Chechnya.

  7. Delivery Time Variance Reduction in the Military Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    DELIVERY TIME VARIANCE REDUCTION IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN THESIS...IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Operational Sciences Graduate School of Engineering...March 2010 APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT-OR-MS-ENS-10-02 DELIVERY TIME VARIANCE IN THE MILITARY SUPPLY CHAIN Preston

  8. Personality Factors Underlying Suicidal Behavior Among Military Youth

    OpenAIRE

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-01-01

    Background: Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors....

  9. Personality Factors Underlying Suicidal Behavior Among Military Youth

    OpenAIRE

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-01-01

    Background: Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors....

  10. Epidemiological Investigation of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Personnel after Military Operation%军人军事行动创伤后应激障碍的流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢家春; 呼永河; 王文春; 陈喆思; 张安仁; 卢豪; 江玥; 袁青; 庞日朝; 王倩

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military personnel 3 months after a military exercise and the related factors. Methods Structured questionnaire and psychological scale assessment were applied to 690 sol-diers 3 months after a military exercise in relative factor investigation during the period from April, 2011 to July, 2014;for those with high cut-off points in the primary screen by PTSD checklist-military version (PCL-M),a one-to-one interview was carried out by psychia-trists, and the diagnosis of PTSD was confirmed based on DSM-IV;logistic regression analysis was made to the materials with the soft-ware SPSS13.0. Results 690 soldiers were enrolled in the investigation while 637 questionnaires were effective, and there were 30 cases of confirmed diagnosis of PTSD, taking up 4.71%;positive individual psychological symptoms, including somatization, obsessive-com-pulsive, depression, anxiety, interpersonal relationship, hostility, fright, paranoid idea and psychoticism, were statistically different from those of Chinese male norm (P<0.05);the factors impacting mental health were:only child, living in cities and towns, low service satis-faction, failing to get economic help when having difficulties, injury, too heavy exercise task, dissatisfied with the superior instruction;stressful events had no impact on individual character in a short time (P<0.05). Conclusions The occurrence of PTSD in military person-nel 3 months after military exercises is higher than that in norm;it is necessary to strengthen the psychological protection and crisis inter-vention.%目的:了解某部参加军事演习的官兵3个月后创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)的患病率及相关因素。方法2011年4月—2014年7月通过结构式问卷调查和心理量表测评对某部参加军事演习3个月的690名官兵进行相关因素调查。PTSD诊断采用PTSD筛查量表-军人版(PCL-M)进行初筛,再由精神科医师依

  11. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Among U.S. Military Health Care Professionals Deployed in Support of Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    the following health care occupations: physician, nurse, dentist, veterinarian , biomedical sciences or allied health, health service administration, or... veterinarians ); (c) biomedical, allied health professional, and dentists; and (d) medical admin- istration and health services. Groupings were based on likely...Jacobson, I. G., Smith, T. C., Smith, B., Wells, T. S., Reed, R. J., & Ryan, M. A. (2008). US military service members vaccinated against smallpox in

  12. Nutritional Evaluation of a Civilian Operated Military Feeding System and Its Patrons - The Tri-Services Dining Facility, Fort Myer, Virginia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    10.3 to 12.7 mm for skinfold thicknesses . 4 The positive ( Table 7) and negative ( Table 8) indications of nutritional deficiencies observed during the...body height, weight, and skinfold thicknesses at two sites (triceps and. subscapular). Each diner’s last initial, the last four digits of his/her social...Gianopolos, Food Supervisor at the Tri-Services Dining facility, and his military assistants for their continued cooperation during the survey. TABLE OF

  13. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations (Drew Paper Number 5, August 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    AUG 2009 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2009 to 00-00-2009 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in...UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE Femme Fatale An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military...2009 Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center Cataloging Data Alfonso, Kristal L. M. Femme fatale : an examination of the role of women in combat

  14. Triage in military settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S

    2017-02-01

    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.

  15. Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, J C

    2012-12-01

    The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity.

  16. Ideas of medical evacuation of NBC medical rescue in non-war military operation%非战争军事行动"三防"医学救援医疗后送模式构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘辉; 焦小杰; 耿杰; 李伟; 徐雷

    2012-01-01

    To enhance capabilities of medical services in response to various security issues and fit it in diversified military missions. Analyze the factors of NBC medical rescue in a given non-war military operation, and summarize the types of hazard characteristics in the different tasks. Establish two medical evacuation programs of non-war military operation, nuclear and chemical medical evacuation program, and biological hazards program. Point out practicable strategic supports and technical means for advancing construction of the medical evacuation system of the NBC medical rescue, as well as perfecting the modern logistic services. They may be considered as the advantages in improvement of medical rescue and evacuation, and serving as strategic support and technical measures.%为了进一步提高应对多种安全威胁、完成多样化军事任务卫勤保障能力,笔者通过分析非战争军事行动"三防"医学救援医疗后送影响因素,总结不同任务形式危害类型规律特点.建立非战争军事行动核化和生物危害两种医疗后送方案.研究指出战略发展的机遇期,救治理论的进步,全面建设现代后勤物质成果等有力条件是推动"三防"医学救援医疗后送体制建设切实可行的战略支撑与技术手段.

  17. «Come i Visconti asediaro Pavia». Sieges and military operations around Pavia from 1356 to 1359 «Come i Visconti asediaro Pavia». Assedi e operazioni militari intorno a Pavia dal 1356 al 1359

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Romanoni

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The definitive conquering of Pavia by the Viscontis occurred at the end of a complex and dramatic situation, that saw diverse actors play a role on the territorial scene of Pavia: the armies and fleets of the Viscontis, the territorial forces like the marquis from Montferrat, the élite management of the of the city and in particular the Beccaria family. The present essay scrutinises in depth the technical-military aspects as well as the political trends that were developed in the city. Under the first point of view, the interest is, therefore, focused on the ‘block’ that tightened the hold on the city, isolating the same, in the summer of 1356, on the battlefield fortifications and their dislocation, on the role of the fluvial fleets. In the second prospective, the counterblows that the events of the siege had on the community of Pavia, engaged in the last desperate defence for the autonomy of the city, sustained by the Augustinian friar Jacopo Bussolari as a preacher but also as a political leader: therefore, the political disagreements and contrasts emerged amongst the citizens, the mobilisation to arms but also the discharging.

    La conquista definitiva di Pavia da parte dei Visconti giunse alla fine di una vicenda complessa e drammatica, che vide diversi attori giocare un ruolo sullo scenario territoriale pavese: gli eserciti e le flotte viscontee, le potenze territoriali vicine come i marchesi di Monferrato, l’élite dirigente della città e in particolare la famiglia Beccaria. Il saggio esamina tanto gli aspetti tecnico-militari quanto la dinamica politica che si sviluppa in città. Sotto il primo punto di vista, l’interesse si appunta dunque sul ‘blocco’ che strinse la città, isolandola, nell’estate del 1356, sulle fortificazioni da campo e sulla loro dislocazione, sul ruolo della flotta fluviale Nella seconda prospettiva, si illustrano i contraccolpi che le vicende dell’assedio ebbero sulla

  18. 非战争军事行动战略级装备器材动员储备问题研究%Study on Strategic Equipment Mobilization Reserve of Military Operations Other Than War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧贞; 刘伟; 胡永平

    2011-01-01

    建立战略级装备器材动员储备是为军队遂行非战争军事行动提供有效装备物资器材保障的重要形式.分析了非战争军事行动战略级装备器材动员储备的基本内涵及其建设必要性,围绕储备品种、规模、方式和布局等问题,提出了储备建设的基本构想,最后指出储备建设需建立的配套保障措施.%It is important to build the strategic equipment mobilization reserve for supporting the military operations other than war and providing equipment support. The paper analyzes the basic connotation of strategic equipment mobilization reserve of military operations other than war and the necessary of building reserve, then surrounding about the problems of reserve types, reserve scale, reserve mode and reserve distribution, the basic conceive of reserve building is proposed. In the end, the paper puts up correlative support measures needed to take for reserve building.

  19. Soviet Military Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    military lpresence. To cite just one example, a Soviet Navy task force operated in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico from November 1982 to February 1985...year, Other Surface Combatants: Additionally, the Mi Prduction Naval Ship Cmo itlfon. . USSR and NATO USSR and NATO MI.l T6ype 1976’ 1979’ 1m, 101I...the Caribbean, Gulf of Soviet assistance to Grenada has taken the • Mexico and nearby portions of the Atlantic form of supplying weapons, construction

  20. Construction of cryptographic information protection in automated control systems for rapid reaction military forces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Petrovich Evseev

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available New approaches to realizations of military operations are analyzed. The main factors that directly affect the construction and operation of information security subsystems in prospective automated command and control military systems are described. Possible ways of the construction of cryptographic subsystems of information protection in automated operation management systems for united military force groups are investigated.

  1. Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    FINAL 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...population and interacted with many Icelanders. A U.S. Navy jazz band performed for “residents of the Hrafnista nursing home, and sailors visited the...Operations (CMO) can be used for Military Diplomacy yet it covers too broad a range of operations with differing planning and execution methods. Also

  2. Determination of aims military-technical policy of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. F. Salnikova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the aims of military-technical policy are considered. Determination of aims (tasks of military-technical policy, its maintenance, requirements to it and directions of its further development it must come true by the analysis of different factors of external and internal environment. Among such factors: geopolitical and military-political position of Ukraine and its military doctrine; realized and operating programs of development (reformation of the soldiery forming and them technical rigging; terms of future military operations and progress of their maintenance, forms, methods and characteristic signs of battle actions trend; substantive provisions of art of war; conceptions, theories and doctrines of battle application of the soldiery forming of the different states; resources dedicated by the state on development of military-technical sphere and others like that. The fundamental chart of sequence of forming of public military-technical policy is presented in the article.

  3. operation zitadelle (kursk)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    military technology (command language) will ensure proper communication within the framework ... The use of military power must be understood within this framework. Baucom ... European, Mediterranean and Russian theatres of operation. ... operations to accomplish a common objective, normally within a given time and.

  4. The analysis of modern approaches to physical fitness testing of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glazunov Sergej Ivanovich

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of research is to determine modern approaches to the physical fitness testing of service personnel. In the army with modern military experience, marked by a tendency to view the content of tests to determine the level of physical fitness of military personnel. Observed differentiation of unified systems tests to determine the general physical and military training military application. Summary of tests determined the nature of loads and motions of the structure inherent in the military during combat operations.

  5. Theater Military Intelligence Brigade (TMIB) Mission Area Assessment Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    DAMO-FM Department of the Army Military Operations Force Management DOCEX Document Exploitation EEA Essential Elements of Analysis ECB Echelon...the spectrum of military operations would be determining factors, vice all 5 phases for echelon Corps and below ( ECB ) capabilities. 1.5.2. HQDA G-3

  6. 男性青年体成分与军事体力作业能力相关性研究%Correlation between military physical operation capacity and body compositions in young men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游嘉; 张婷; 王建; 刘戟环; 王卫平; 张乾勇; 陈卡; 常辉; 易龙; 糜漫天; 朱俊东; 周永; 郎和东; 王斌

    2012-01-01

    目的 测定不同体能战士的体成分,并探讨军事体力作业能力与体成分间的相互关系,为构建我军军事体力作业能力预测及评估模型提供依据.方法 选取200名青年男性战士,根据GJB1337-92规定的方法测定5000m跑、引体向上、立定跳远的运动成绩和最大摄氧量(VO2max),并参照其评价标准,将受试者按体能分为差、较差、中等、良好和优秀5个组,同时利用多频生物电阻抗技术(multiple frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis,MBIA)测定各组战士的体成分,并探讨战士体成分与军事体力作业能力相关性.结果 随着体能的增强,机体的体脂百分比(percentage body fat,PBF)逐渐下降,肌肉百分比(percentage body muscle,PBM)逐渐增加.其中PBM与VO2 max、引体向上成绩、立定跳远成绩显著正相关(r =0.30,0.48,0.18,P<0.05),与5000m跑耗时显著负相关(r=-0.26,P<0.01);而PBF与VO2 max、引体向上成绩、立定跳远成绩显著负相关(r=-0.30,-0.47,-0.19,P<0.05),与5000m跑时间显著正相关(r=0.25,P<0.05);腰臀脂肪比(waist-hip fat ratio)与VO2 max、引体向上成绩显著负相关(r=-0.16,-0.17,P<0.05).结论 人体肌肉含量的增加与军事体力作业能力显著正相关,而脂肪含量的增加和腰臀脂肪比的升高与军事体力作业能力显著负相关,肌肉、体脂含量及腰臀脂肪比可作为我军军事体力作业能力预测与评估模型的重要参数因子.%Objective To provide the evidence for establishing a prediction and assessment model of military physical operation capacity by analyzing soldiers' s body compositions and studying the correlation between military physical operation capacity and body compositions. Methods Two hundred male soldiers were enrolled in this study. Their performance of 5 000 m run, pull-ups, standing long distance jump and V02max was measured following the GJB1337-92 criteria. The soldiers were divided into poorest, poorer, mode

  7. China's Military Diplomacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Qisong; Li Baowen

    2008-01-01

    Since the end of the Cold War, China's military diplomacy has displayed an omni-directional and multi-level form, and with an increasing transparency which has increased trust and reduced doubt. China has enhanced its conventional military functions and strengthened its military soft power. This has helped China develop into a responsible state on the world stage. Through military exchanges with other countries, the Chinese military has gradually strengthened its ability to undertake a variety of tasks. The Chinese military has to make greater efforts to counter the perception of a "China threat." There is also a need to establish a system of military spokesmen and to develop a theory of military diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.

  8. TRICARE, Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Claim Get Proof of TRICARE Coverage View My Military Health Record Less State of Emergency in North ... Disaster Information Download a Form Go Paperless My Military Health Records Multimedia Center Plan Information Kits Recoupment ...

  9. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... total__ Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health ... 10 VA HSR&D Investigator Insights: Military Sexual Trauma - Duration: 3:27. Veterans Health Administration 898 views ...

  10. National Military Family Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 931.6632 info@MilitaryFamily.org © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  11. Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bäccman, Charlotte; Hjärthag, Fredrik; Almqvist, Kjerstin

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n = 129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n = 68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n = 61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31 years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  12. Integrated biodosimetry in large scale radiological events. Opportunities for civil military co-operation; Integrierte Biodosimetrie bei radiologischen Grossschadensereignissen. Moeglichkeiten fuer zivil-militaerische Zusammenarbeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Port, M.; Eder, S.F.; Lamkowski, A.; Majewski, M.; Abend, M. [Institut fuer Radiobiologie der Bundeswehr, Muenchen (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    Radiological events like large scale radiological or nuclear accidents, terroristic attacks with radionuclide dispersal devices require rapid and precise medical classification (''triage'') and medical management of a large number of patients. Estimates on the absorbed dose and in particular predictions of the radiation induced health effects are mandatory for optimized allocation of limited medical resources and initiation of patient centred treatment. Among the German Armed Forces Medical Services the Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology offers a wide range of tools for the purpose of medical management to cope with different scenarios. The forward deployable mobile Medical Task Force has access to state of the art methodologies summarized into approaches such as physical dosimetry (including mobile gammaspectroscopy), clinical ''dosimetry'' (prodromi, H-Modul) and different means of biological dosimetry (e.g. dicentrics, high throughput gene expression techniques, gamma-H2AX). The integration of these different approaches enables trained physicians of the Medical Task Force to assess individual health injuries as well as prognostic evaluation, considering modern treatment options. To enhance the capacity of single institutions, networking has been recognized as an important emergency response strategy. The capabilities of physical, biological and clinical ''dosimetry'' approaches spanning from low up to high radiation exposures will be discussed. Furthermore civil military opportunities for combined efforts will be demonstrated.

  13. Team spirit makes the difference: the interactive effects of team work engagement and organizational constraints during a military operation on psychological outcomes afterwards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boermans, S M; Kamphuis, W; Delahaij, R; van den Berg, C; Euwema, M C

    2014-12-01

    This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and beginning of 2010, for an average of 4 months, in the International Security Assistance Force. Surveys were administered 2 months into deployment and 6 months afterwards. Multi-level regression analyses demonstrated that team work engagement during deployment moderated the relation between organizational constraints and post-deployment fatigue symptoms. Team members reported less fatigue symptoms after deployment if they were part of highly engaged teams during deployment, particularly when concerns about organizational constraints during deployment were high. In contrast, low team work engagement was related to more fatigue symptoms, particularly when concerns about organizational constraints were high. Contrary to expectations, no effects for team work engagement or organizational constraints were found for post-traumatic growth. The present study highlights that investing in team work engagement is important for those working in highly demanding jobs.

  14. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

    2014-11-01

    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation.

  15. Nuclear Weapon and Military Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Natarajan

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available Military equipment must survive a, nuclear attack if enough personnel required to operate them remain combat effective. To achieve this goal, the criteria that determine equipment survivability should be established and any new design should incorporate these criteria to evolve a hardened design. An analysis of the overall response by considering the response to each individual nuclear environment can result in a balanced overall hardened system. The paper discusses the criteria required to be known.

  16. Transforming America’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    information era is different from the industrial era, the rich experiences of the past century provide useful guidelines for thinking about how to...central mil- itary lesson of the Cold War’s final climactic years. Managing Change: Transformation for the Information Era Today, the U.S. military...formations. It might not robustly pursue joint operations, information - era networking, and new doctrines. It might overlook opportunities to strengthen U.S

  17. Deterrence in Professional Military Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    guide operational planning; moreover, complex escalation scenarios in- creasingly are the focus of tabletops and war games in the strategic forces...that can deliver advantages not only in power pro - jection but in all aspects of strategic warfare. Professional military education (PME), however...but it is not clear how well such disparate activities address deterrence. A good model for working-level pro - fessionals is the Strategic Policy

  18. The impact of partial sleep deprivation on military naval officers' ability to anticipate moral and tactical problems in a simulated maritime combat operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Pallesen, Ståle; Espevik, Roar

    2013-01-01

    The current research investigated how long-term partial sleep deprivation influenced naval officers' ability to generate anticipations of potentially critical problems at the entry of an operation. The study was organised as a balanced experimental design, testing the officers both in a rested and a sleepless condition during a complex naval simulator exercise. The results showed that lack of sleep severely impaired the officers' ability to foresee important problems within both the moral and tactical domain of the operation.These findings indicate that lack of sleep may obstruct planning and preparations in maritime operations in a way that may increase the risk of accidents and fatal errors, which again underscores the importance of sleep and rest as an integrated element of maritime operations and leadership.

  19. Human Emotional State and its Relevance for Military VR Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    experience of military VR simulation training: human emotional state. Anxiety is a common emotional state in military operating environments. Real world...anecdotally be seen when repeated exposure to stressful military training leads to a gradual decline in anxiety responses as the trainee learns to “manage...Ample evidence for such a habituation process can be seen in the fledgling VR/mental health field whereby phobic patients are able to effectively face

  20. Mental Health Among Reserve Component Military Service Members and Veterans

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Gregory H.; Fink, David S.; Sampson, Laura; Galea, Sandro

    2015-01-01

    Since 2001, the US military has increasingly relied on National Guard and reserve component forces to meet operational demands. Differences in preparation and military engagement experiences between active component and reserve component forces have long suggested that the psychiatric consequences of military engagement differ by component. We conducted a systematic review of prevalence and new onset of psychiatric disorders among reserve component forces and a meta-analysis of prevalence est...

  1. A Prospective Observational Study of Abdominal Injury Management in Contemporary Military Operations: Damage Control Laparotomy Is Associated With High Survivability and Low Rates of Fecal Diversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    extra-abdominal complications, time in the operating theatre, intensive care unit ( ICU ) and hospital lengths of stay, and mortality. We defined a DCL as...4” provides “definitive care . . . [comprising] specialist surgical proce- dures, reconstruction, rehabilitation , and convalescence. This level of...as the time at which abdominal activity ended was not recorded. Data on operating theatre time and ICU stay relate only to activity at Role 3, as we

  2. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. National Interests. Volume 1: Executive Summary (Defense Science Board 2007 Summer Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-09

    following capabilities: • Non-nuclear kinetic strike to hold at risk enemy nuclear assets and other high-value targets by non-nuclear means • Active...WMD environment today. The demands of current operations have reduced the dme that most forces are able to train for operations in a WMD...Reconstitution Reconstitution Need Space Capability Orbit Kinetic /Non- kinetic Alternate Sources Priority

  3. Military Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    CDYA) programs. (S) Evaluate the appropriateness and, if appropriate, the Feasibility of operating a crisis hot line in all Army MTFs which maintain...Affairs), Washington, D.C., July 1985. 2. Deparatment of Health and Human Services, Helth Unitgd States. 1584, December 1S8’*. 3. Wood, Major Billy R...James E., Jr. "Suicide Prevention in the Air Force: A Training Guide For Crisis Intervention Service Volunteer Counselors". Unpublished Air Command

  4. MILITARY COUPS AND MILITARY REGIMES IN AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Growth of Military StatesAs late as 1961 the African image had not been tarnished to any great extent by the incidence of military coups. Indeed, a field study tour conducted in 1960- 1 - the year of independence as it has been called - to investigate the place of the armed forces in societies in Africa did not provide the evidence on which to forecast the eventual spate of coups. Togo was the first country in West Africa to experience a military coup when on 13 January 1963 Togolese soldiers...

  5. Pushing the Limits of Military Coercion Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2011-01-01

    military coercion works and how the practical problems involved could be addressed. Our understanding of military coercion would be increased markedly if only coercion theorists would make a greater efforts to do three things, namely (1) provide clear operational definitions of key concepts and variables......, (2) engage in systematic and rigorous empirical analysis of generally accepted propositions, and (3) seek to provide solutions to the many policy problems that coercion theorists have identified to date. These simple steps would enhance the degree of cumulativity within the field, provide......The centrality of military coercion in contemporary Western crisis and conflict management constitutes a major policy problem because the United States and its allies are poor at translating their overwhelming military superiority into adversary compliance. The standard explanation provided...

  6. The Future of Information Operations in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    as Marketing Marketing tools and concepts could generate support for coalition military operations just as an advertiser promoting a commercial...military, the advanced application of marketing tools to leverage humanitarian assistance and public affairs within an Information Operations plan

  7. Military Engagement with Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    social media . There has never been a better opportunity for an organization to instantly communicate with millions of people, yet the Department of Defense has spent the last several years struggling to establish or use a viable networking platform. We have the potential for over a million military members to become part of a social network, receiving both operational and strategic information; not by maintaining numerous and redundant databases and accounts, but by simply having a social media site. Operational information could be shared with

  8. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  9. El Rio De Gente: U.S. Military Role In Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National (JIIM) Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    TERMS Vulnerability, Culture , Military, Sociology, Threat, Technology, Technological 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT...Europe, Haiti, Mexico, Cuba, Sweden , the Mediterranean, South Africa, Iraq, Russia, Australia, China, Southeast Asia, Belgium, the Sinai, France...Despite current trends and efforts, the long-term process of training, educating, and changing the culture of the U.S. military and other JIIM

  10. Military Retention. A Comparative Outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Sminchise

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the main goals for human resources management structures and for armed forces leaders is to maintain all necessary personnel, both qualitatively and quantitatively for operational needs or for full required capabilities. The retention of military personnel is essential to keep morale and unit readiness and to reduce the costs for recruiting, training, replacement of manpower. Retention rates depend not only on money or other social measures. The goal for retention is to keep in use the most valuable resource that belongs to an organization: the human beings and their knowledge. The aim pf this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of retention measures in various countries based on Research and Technology Organisation report released in 2007 and, thus, provide more examples of retention measures as far as the Romanian military system is concerned.

  11. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Lu; WANG Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors. They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army. However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy? It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can't possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  12. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU; Lu; WANG; Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors.They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army.However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy?It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can’t possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  13. Gender and Military Contextual Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Aggression

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Loneliness and aggressive behaviour. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 243–252. Chief of Naval Operations. (2006, December 29). Office of...A. W., & Russell , M. L. (2006). Variables associated with intimate partner violence in a deploying military sample. Military Medicine, 171, 627–631

  14. Observations on military exploitation of explosives detection technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faust, A.A.; Ruiter, C.J. de; Ehlerding, A.; McFee, J.E.; Svinsås, E.; Rheenen, A.D. van

    2011-01-01

    Accurate and timely detection of explosives, energetic materials, and their associated compounds would provide valuable information to military commanders in a wide range of military operations: protection of fast moving convoys from mobile or static IED threats; more deliberate countermine and

  15. Observations on military exploitation of explosives detection technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faust, A.A.; Ruiter, C.J. de; Ehlerding, A.; McFee, J.E.; Svinsås, E.; Rheenen, A.D. van

    2011-01-01

    Accurate and timely detection of explosives, energetic materials, and their associated compounds would provide valuable information to military commanders in a wide range of military operations: protection of fast moving convoys from mobile or static IED threats; more deliberate countermine and coun

  16. Final Environmental Assessment for Upgrading the Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Target Arrays at Avon Park Air Force Range, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-01

    EIS) will not be prepared. ~-~G2 NJty J SA Lk,CoiOnel, USAF Chairperson EPC ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ACC...plants annually and if any are located they would be scheduled for treatment with an approved herbicide. Contractor commitment to treating noxious...University of Maryland, 2007 Years of Experience: 18 Matthew D. Griffith, Contractor Range Operations Technician Det 1, 23 WG Avon Park AFR, FL

  17. Strategic Planning for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    403–409; Stefan Brune, “Controversial Peacekeeping Operations – Europe, France and Chad,” WeltTrends, no. 64 (2009), 19–23; Felix Arteaga , The...Defence Research Establishment, 2008), 46–48. 138 Arteaga , The Chad Conflict, United Nations (MINURCAT) and the European Union (EUFOR), 1– 3. 48...Skepsis űber den Vorstoss,” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, sec. Politik, 18 June 2007. 143 Arteaga , The Chad Conflict, United Nations (MINURCAT

  18. Exploring of Wireless Technology to Provide Information Sharing Among Military, United Nations and Civilian Organizations During Complex Humanitarian Emergencies and Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    million people to IT. [Ref 61] (5) UNDP Latin America IT Initiative (PERU). In 1992, UNDP set up Programa Nacional de Informatica y Comunicaciones ...make decisions for which they were clearly ill prepared. [Ref 21] On reported occasions during the crisis , troops operating in one region that had...the crisis even as the killings were broadcast on camera worldwide. The investigating commission concluded that long before the conflict started

  19. Evaluating the U.S. Military’s Development of Strategic and Operational Doctrine for Non-Lethal Weapons in a Complex Security Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    future.72 A seventeen-member task force, chaired by Richard L. Garwin, composed the 1999 Council on Foreign Relations study of non-lethal technologies...Fundamentals of Operational Warfighting, Vol 1, L1-A-4. 2Major General Richard A. Chilcoat, US Army, excerpt from, “Strategic Art: The New...conjunction with John Nelson and Paul K. Van Riper (Lieutenant General, USMC retired) and Steve Dawkins , Center for Naval Analysis, Joint Vision for Non

  20. IA-D3: An Assessment Process for Military Health Support in Stability Operations (MSOs), Enabling Medical Diplomacy for Countering Irregular Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    health, pediatrics , tropical medicine, geriatrics])?. (2) Do medical persom1el have training or experience in CMO (language/cultural skills, civil...34Developing Future Command Surgeons and Staff for Joint Operations and Assignments." JCOA Journal (Summer 2010): 51. 34 APPENDIX A - HSSChecklist...health, pediatrics , adequate number of female providers, etc.)? (3) .Will other MNF (multinational force) nations conduct or support medical civil

  1. 论新型作战力量战略下的脑科学军事应用体系构成研究%Military brain science factors of battle effectiveness under a new concept of operation strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旭; 吴昊; 郭继卫

    2015-01-01

    Building a new concept of combat forces is an important initiative in the 12th Five-Year Plan of National Defense Strategies.In the era of biotechnology,global powers have been competing for brain control by means of accelerated development in brain science and the military theory of "Innovation to Subdue".Based on elaboration on the concepts and developments of military applications of brain science as well as on analysis of impacts on the mechanism of winning,this paper proposes the operation concepts of "pre-setting"and "bio-orientation",the combat modes of "mechanized warfare"and "idiodynamic warfare",and weapon evolution into "intellectualization"and "brain-control orientation".This paper presents a practical system design of military applications of brain science:"presetting—key technology—weapons′power source-mechanism of winning".The constitution and winning mechanism of the three-stage mode of battle effectiveness are summarized as improving the operation capability—war of super soldiers",changing the main force of operations—"war of mechanized legions",altering the principles of operations—"war of spiritual consciousness". This paper also suggests the upgradation from "damage theory"to "control theory",the shift from "informatization"to"intellectualization",and strategic breakthroughs from "independent development"to "collaborative innovation".%新型作战力量建设是我国“十二五”国防战略规划的重要举措,在“以新制胜”的军事战争理论指导下,在脑科学飞速发展的生物时代,围绕脑控权的争夺已在世界各大国间展开。该文系统阐述了脑科学军事应用的概念及发展,分析了其对战斗力生成的影响,提出了“预置化”与“生物化”的作战理念、“机械战”与“意念战”的作战样式、“智能化”与“脑控化”的作战武器发展态势;结合理论及技术发展趋势提出了“预置—关键技术—武器动力—战场制

  2. Iraqi Military Academies

    OpenAIRE

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-01-01

    The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operat...

  3. Evaluation of Compulsory Military Service in Turkey Using a Population Representation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, 2007. ...................................................................78  Figure 4.  Education Levels of Women ...trends include trials of military service members stemming from an alleged military coup; the current fight with Kurdish terrorists ( PKK ), mostly in...terrorists ( PKK ), mostly in the southeastern part of the country. The role of the Turkish military in protecting the interests and integrity of the

  4. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 15K ...

  5. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    2013-01-01

    Military capacity building has increasingly become an integral part of Danish defence. Military capacity is a new way of thinking Danish defence and poses a new set of challenges and opportunities for the Danish military and the Political leadership. On the 12th of december, PhD. Candidate Josefine...... Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from...

  6. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    2013-01-01

    Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from......Military capacity building has increasingly become an integral part of Danish defence. Military capacity is a new way of thinking Danish defence and poses a new set of challenges and opportunities for the Danish military and the Political leadership. On the 12th of december, PhD. Candidate Josefine...

  7. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 12, ...

  8. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 15K Loading... ...

  9. Inaugural editorial: Military Medical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ren, Guo-Quan

    2014-01-01

    Military medicine is one of the most innovative part of human civilization. Along with the rapid development of medicine and advances in military techniques, military medicine has become the focus and intersection of new knowledge and new technologies. Innovation and development within military medicine are always ongoing, with a long and challenging path ahead. The establishment of ?Military Medical Research? is expected to be a bounden responsibility in the frontline of Chinese military med...

  10. The Current State of Global Military Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The world military security situation has entered a period of readjustment and transformation following the events of 9/11 and the ensuing war against terror. The "arc of crisis" in peripheral areas of the Eurasian continent and other regions is unsettled or tumultuous. Confronted by these new situations and challenges, military forces throughout the world have reassessed their respective strategic environment and adopted new transforming measures, which have brought about a dramatic change in military circumstances, thinking and operation in every country. More specifically, the U.S. unipolar military power has expanded, while at the same time is constrained by various internal and external factors. Worldwide military competition is becoming more complicated. Nuclear proliferation and upgrading has steadily developed, paving the way for an arms race on land, sea and in the air. Thus, the world's military situation is becoming more complex, with various factors-conflicts between unilateral and multilateral poles, cooperation and competition,readjustment and transformation, stability and instability-all interconnected.

  11. On Return from Peacekeeping: A review of current research on psychological well-being in military personnel returning from operational deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Brounéus

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The number and size of UN and Allied peacekeeping deployments[1] have increased dramatically since the end of the Cold War [1], as have the budgets that support them. The UN budgeted 7.23 billion USD for the 2012-2013 fiscal year for UN Peacekeeping operations.[2] An explanation for this increase is likely to be found in two global trends seen in armed conflict in recent years: first, that nearly all wars in the world today are fought within countries, and second, the unprecedented rise in peace agreements as a means to end conflict [2]. Both of these factors present new challenges for peace-building as former enemies must continue living side by side when the conflict has ended, in a continuous negotiation for peace. Research suggests that international peace support operations indeed have the potential to improve the chances for preventing further conflict. In the first global, quantitative analysis on the effect of peacekeeping operations (PKOs, Doyle and Sambanis found a significant and substantial effect of peacekeepers on peacebuilding two years post conflict [3]. This finding is similar to later studies. For example, Fortna demonstrated that the risk of further conflict drops by 75%–85% with the presence of a PKO [4, 5]. Other research has found that PKOs limit the temporal and spatial contagion of conflict [6], and can also have a preventive effect, reducing the risk of genocidal violence [7]. However, recent research has also found that peacekeeping operations in settings where there is not yet peace or stability, such as Afghanistan, may entail the risk of spurring violence against civilians by rebel groups if the deployment does not have an explicit mandate to protect civilians [8]. Similarly, when looking at other definitions of success aside from the prevention of further conflict, such as meeting the goals of the mandate, or establishing basic democracy and stability – a governance goal for most current deployments – the

  12. Transforming Military Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-15

    McGraw Hill, 2005), 608. 41 Peter Guy Northouse , Leadership : Theory and Practice (New York: Sage Publications Inc, 2004), 151. 42 Ibid, 151. 43...KEY TERMS: Globalization, Military Transformation, Leadership CLASSIFICATION: Unclassified A phrase that captures the challenges associated with the... leadership competencies to fully execute our National Security Strategy across the parochial elements of diplomatic, information, military and economic

  13. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    watermelons, tobacco and grain on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov for many years. A distinctive characteristic of theirs was a virtually zero forward...military-patriot- ic films and books, debates, trips to historic places, meetings with veterans, "Me- morial Shifts" and military sport

  14. Improving Military Ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China and the United States appear poised to strengthen their troubled military exchanges Vice Chairman of China’s Central Military Commission Xu Caihou kicked off his 10-day-long official visit to the United States in a bid to

  15. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-25

    enhancement of the efficiency of ideo- logical work and improvement in all forms of political training and party educa - tion and instruction. A...perfecting of the military training of commanders, staffs, and all 13 personnel, and to the improvement of the political, military, and moral educa - tion of

  16. Military Culture and Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    mines the success of transformation. The period between 1914 and 1945 shows the dynamic nature of military innova - tion and the difficulty military...maximized unity of effort. Leaders can foster a disciplined culture that encourages change and innova - tion by “creating a consistent system with clear

  17. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  18. A Strategic Partnership Peace Support Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    and military tools that have characterised traditional UN-led Peace Support Operations. For that reason, the organisation is in the process of setting up robust rapid military capabilities, already having deployed robust military contingents to the DR Congo, Nigeria and Somalia. However, what...

  19. Analysis of injury factors in previous U.S.military operations%美军既往军事行动致伤因素分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭博; 刘萌; 殷小杰; 徐雷; 徐卸古

    2015-01-01

    主要介绍美军利用伤情编码PC-code和巴雷尔伤情转换矩阵组成的标准化的伤员分类和编码体系,采集分析越南战争、索马里作战、伊拉克战争等伤员数据,得出武器致伤因素和战场环境因素对伤员伤类、损伤部位造成的影响,可以有效提高各类卫勤资源利用效率和卫勤保障针对性,对我军战时卫勤保障有一定启示借鉴作用。%This paper mainly introduces the standardised wounds classification and the coding system of US army by using the Patient Codes and the Barell Injury Diagnosis Matrix .It concluded the influences of such factors as firearm and battlefield environment to the injury types and sites of soldiers by collecting and analyzing the casualty information of Vietnam War ,the war in Iraq and Somalia operations .The conclusion can effectively improve the uti-lization rate and the pertinence of medical resources and provide inspiration for better medical support of the PLA .

  20. Sensitive Physical Stressor during Military Operation in Hot and Humid Environment%湿热环境作业时机体的应激负荷评价指标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游嘉; 糜漫天; 陈卡; 张乾勇; 朱俊东; 刘戟环; 王卫平; 周永; 易龙; 郎和东

    2012-01-01

    Objective To screen the sensitive index for evaluating the physiological stress when exercised in hot and humid environment. Methods Eighty young male soldiers were randomly divided into low intensity group,moderate intensity group,high intensity group,and the heavy intensity group. Their ear canal temperature,heart rate,the contents of salivary cortisol (SC) and plasma cortisol were measured before and after one hours' military operation in hot and humid environment [WBGT; (35.9±1.1)℃ ;relative humidity: (76.0±3.5)%]. Results After exercise in hot and humid environment,their ear canal temperature,heart rate,the contents of salivary cortisol (SC) increased,and their plasma cortisol had no change. The heart rate and the content of SC were positively correlated with the physical activity level, but the content of plasma cortisol was negatively correlated with the physical activity level during the exercise in hot and humid environment. However, no correlation was observed between ear canal temperature, sweat and the intensity of operations. Conclusion Salivary cortisol is a new sensitive physical stressor during military operation in hot and humid environment.%目的 探讨在湿热环境下进行不同强度军事作业时人体应激负荷指标.方法 将80名自愿同意参加试验的健康男性志愿者随机分为4组,每组20人.饭后3h,在湿热环境下[无遮盖的室外,三球温度为(35.9±1.1)℃,相对湿度为(76.0±3.5)%,按照GJB 1104-91《中华人民共和国国家军用标准》分别进行轻、中、重、极重强度作业,作业时间1h.在作业开始前1 min和作业结束后即刻测量心率、耳道温度、出汗量和唾液、血浆中皮质醇含量.结果 与作业前比较,湿热环境作业后各作业强度组受试者耳道温度、心率和唾液皮质醇含量均升高,出汗量无明显变化,轻强度组血浆皮质醇含量升高.唾液皮质醇、心率与作业强度呈显著正相关(均P<0.05);血浆皮质

  1. Shrinking the Civil-Military Divide: A Military Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    Government, the United States Military resides . If the government is a behemoth, it is in no small part due to the size of the military. As one...Department’s future military leaders. See no evil , hear no evil , speak no evil is the curriculum when it comes to civil- military relations, partisan

  2. [Influence of chronic diseases of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on their capability to do their duty according military speciality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivashchenko, S N

    2008-01-01

    The author presents in the article the way of distribution of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on special groups depending on presence of chronical diseases or pathological conditions. The author analyzed more than 800 personal files of military personnel and other materials related to assessment of functional state of this personnel and efficiency of performing their duty. Data received from Kiev commissariats and other Ukraine military Institutions have been analyzed. The proposed way of military personnel distribution allows optimizing their operating mode by creating a special mode where resource of military personnel's professional health is preserved.

  3. civil-military relations in disaster rescue and relief activities

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abel

    unhealthy civil-military relations when compared to counterterrorism, law .... Development or its local equivalent is needed for them to operate in specific areas. ... politicians, civilians, NGOs and the media, is an important component of this.

  4. All the Missiles Work: Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation: A Case Study in US Air Force Air-to-Air Armament, Post-World War II through Operation Rolling Thunder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    78–80; Campbell , Science and Engineering of Microelec- tronic Fabrication, 17–18; and West, Solid State Chemistry, 320 and 340–55. This type of dislo...Innovative Military Doctrine,” 13. 31. Nagl, Learning to Eat Soup . 32. Watts and Murray, “Military Innovation in Peacetime,” 409 (emphasis in original...the F-4 Phantom II: Parts into Systems. Annapo- lis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996. Campbell , Stephen A. The Science and Engineering of

  5. Military Assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    the American democratic system of government, as well as to our non-political military operating under civilian control. They are instructed in the...or government, and it is anticipated that their exposure to the American democratic system will influence these leaders to promote or maintain

  6. Continuing Professional Education in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleiman, Ashley; Zacharakis, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The military relies on continuing professional education as a key component to the success of its organization. With decreasing budgets and increasing importance for a force that operates efficiently and thinks critically, the cognitive tension among training, education, and learning comes center stage.

  7. The Brazilian military: its role in counter-drug activities.

    OpenAIRE

    Kitchener, Roy I.

    1992-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis examines the role of Brazil's military in counter-drug operations. Drug trafficking in Brazil poses a growing threat to the country's national security, but Brazil's physical size and limited resources have hindered the government's counter-drug efforts. The Brazilian military has been reluctant to assume a more significant role in counter-drug operations. The thesis argues that external, internal, and ...

  8. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  9. Advancing Military Professionalism in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Military and Militarization of Politics The politicization of the military is the tip of an iceberg that very often conceals an active competition...military, in turn, should be modeled to meet its mission. If there is no clear need for a large externally facing military, government should...By providing equal access to education to its members, a military can model equity in the allocation of public resources while building a sense of

  10. Joint Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-17

    Unified Task Force (UNITAF) Somalia was formed with forces from France, Italy, Canada, Belgium, Egypt , Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the United States...military presence, open-source intelligence ( OSINT ) may be the best immediately available information to prepare US forces to operate in a foreign...country. OSINT from radio broadcasts, newspapers, and periodicals often provide tip-offs for HUMINT and other intelligence and information collection

  11. A Study of Causality in Military Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    Regional and local governance established Establish police forces training Counter organized crime Integrate trained police into operations...richer way to think about causality in military planning and operations. Uncovering an ontology has become an increasingly employed tactic in...political theory.21 In this context, an ontology is simply a way in which the world is viewed, “the most basic conceptualizations of self, other, and

  12. Theorizing ‘conditions for success’ in military conflict management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    2015-01-01

    Violent conflict and military conflict management are both complex phenomena. Consequently, success in military conflict management is a difficult issue to explain and predict. Because of this complexity it is crucial that such success (or indeed lack thereof) is theorized, so we can draw lessons...... from past operations to future operations and study military conflict management across time, space, agency and structure. Scholars such as Paris (2000) and Bures (2007) have called for more theoretically oriented research in the study of international peacekeeping. This contribution concurs...... with the need for further theoretical research in this realm and seeks to respond to it. It hopes to contribute to the development of a mid-range theory, which explains the relationship between structure, agency and outcome in military conflict management operations conducted by international organizations...

  13. Military deployment and reintegration: a systematic review of child coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bello-Utu, Cindy F; DeSocio, Janiece E

    2015-02-01

    Child coping with parent military deployment and family reintegration. A systematic review of research literature was conducted to examine the effects of deployment and family reintegration on children in military families. A search of CINAHL, PubMed, Psyc-INFO, and SocINDEX databases was performed using the terms "military family," "military child," "child coping," "deployment," and "reintegration." The search was limited to publications between 2001 and 2014 to focus on the effects of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND). Twenty-seven research reports met inclusion criteria. Three themes were extracted: A child's coping is influenced by (a) the child's age and development, (b) the mental health and coping of the non-deployed parent during deployment, and the mental health of both parents during family reintegration, and (c) the pre-existing resilience/vulnerability, cumulative risks, and resources of the child and family. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Forecasting military expenditure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Böhmelt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available To what extent do frequently cited determinants of military spending allow us to predict and forecast future levels of expenditure? The authors draw on the data and specifications of a recent model on military expenditure and assess the predictive power of its variables using in-sample predictions, out-of-sample forecasts and Bayesian model averaging. To this end, this paper provides guidelines for prediction exercises in general using these three techniques. More substantially, however, the findings emphasize that previous levels of military spending as well as a country’s institutional and economic characteristics particularly improve our ability to predict future levels of investment in the military. Variables pertaining to the international security environment also matter, but seem less important. In addition, the results highlight that the updated model, which drops weak predictors, is not only more parsimonious, but also slightly more accurate than the original specification.

  15. Families in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contents Facts For Families Guide - View by Topic Chinese Facts for Families Guide Facts For Families Guide - Search Spanish Facts for Families Guide Facts for Families - Vietnamese Military Families No. 88; updated March 2017 Global conflict ...

  16. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... navigation Sign in Search Loading... Close Yeah, keep it Undo Close This video is unavailable. Watch Queue ... trial of YouTube Red. Working... No thanks Try it free Find out why Close About Military Sexual ...

  17. The Professional Military Ethic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    profession. Overbey is more explicit in his doctoral thesis. He grounds his derived ethic in a utilitarian conception of morality. But he does not...THE PROFESSIONAL MILITARY ETHIC A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial...TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Professional Military Ethic 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Major

  18. Military Publications, Index of Test Operations Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    checkout equipmerit subtest and an MBGC assembly operacion subtest. Static performance subtests determine accuracy, sensitivity, dead band, drift, cross...opera- tional and functional -erformaice characteristics. Discusses preliminary operacions , facilities, and equipment required. Proviies procedures for

  19. Military Operating Room of the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    with greater statistical power than would have been available to us with trauma patients. The extension to pediatric cardiac surgery has served both...aortic aneurysms , stroke and acute myocardial infarction. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Sim 1 (App) Sim 2 (No App/Fire) W81XWH-11-1-0813 Page 41 of 77...00140139.2013.822932. Invited Articles Catchpole, K (2015). Human Factors and Outcomes in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. In P Barach, J Jacobs, S Lipshultz, P Laussen

  20. Advancing Gender Considerations in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    forced abortion, trafficking, sexual slavery and the threat of sexually transmitted disease, to include human immunodeficiency virus/acquired...Atlantic Treaty Organization SGBV Sexually and Gender Based Violence UNSCR United Nations Security Council Resolution WPS Women, Peace and Security...conflict to include sexual violence and exploitation. It recognized the need for evaluating the consequences of such an action for women and men; otherwise

  1. Sharing of Intelligence in Future Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    robust intelligence cell with capacity for cultura analysis, interrogation techniques and language skills. At company level there will also be a...War College, 1998. Coram, Robert, Boyd – The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War, United States of America: Little Brown and Company, 2002...Littlefield Publishers Inc, 2005. Rekkedal, Nils M., Moderne Krigskunst (English transl: Modern Art of War), Oslo, Norway: Forsvarets Stabsskole

  2. Fighting Back: New Media and Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    initial signs of providing training grounds for terrorist organizations and anonymous locations for criminal money-laundering.14 Mobile Technologies...97% of Tanzanians have access to mobile phones. Mobile coverage exists throughout Uganda. There are 100 million handsets in sub-Saharan Africa. Radio...bombs and bullets to one where information, driven by new media capabilities, is a significant weapon, it is best to work within both the language

  3. Military Operating Room of the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    penetrating injuries to the head, neck, torso, and extremities proximal to elbow and knee 11. Auto-pedestrian or auto- bicycle injury with significant...disruptions provided a huge advantage  in validity and analytical potential  over  the  interview  results.  The  disadvantage   of  direct  observation  is

  4. Integrated Desert Terrain Forecasting for Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    fragility. 2. Ongoing research to further examine the sources of dust in Israel. Dust plays multiple roles in mediating physical and biogeochemical ...scientific community has now recognized that dust plays multiple roles in mediating physical and biogeochemical exchanges among the atmosphere, land...filters in eight directions (the aspect interval is 45º). The purpose of using a rectangular moving window rather than a square or a circle is that

  5. Environmental Assessment Reserve Military Operations Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    fAcres I~ 1 Wheeler Peak Wilderness 19,663 -2. San Pedro Parks Wilderness 41,132 3. Bandelier Wilderness 23,267 4. Pecos Wilderness 223,333 5. Gila...900; and Ruidoso -- 4,260 (Rand McNally 1988). Numerous other smaller communities such as Lincoln, Capitan , and Fort Stanton are also located beneath

  6. Privatized Military Operations. Industry Study, Spring 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Improve Management and Oversight”, GAO-08-572T (Washington D.C.: GAO, Mar 31, 2008), 30. 72 Abby Stoddard, Adele Harmer , and Victoria DiDomenico...100 Days, CNN Web Site. http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/02/17/obama.troops/index.html. Stoddard, Abby, Adele Harmer and Victoria DiDomenico

  7. Brain Performance Enhancement for Military Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    to accurately identify which of two objects a respondent had been looking at, for instance a horse or a cow, a bird or a butterfly, based on twenty...Farwell, L.A. & E. Donchin (1988). Talking off the top of your head: A mental prosthesis utilizing event-related brain potentials

  8. Military Operating Room of the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    behind this assumption, we will focus on four different types of surgical care: cardiac, orthopedic, robotic and trauma surgery . SIGNIFICANCE...management (Catchpole et al. 2007). Task, Technology and Teamwork in Robotic Surgery We have also been conducting new studies examining robotic surgery ...identify those flow disruptions and communication failures in care which inhibit early recognition and treatment of complications and other subtle barriers

  9. Environmental Assessment, Valentine Military Operations Area, Texax

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    mule deer), D, G (common) Odocoileus vir2inianus (white-tailed deer), G, M (abundant) Family Antilocapridae IAn.jlgcp americana (pronghorn), G (common...Culberson, Hudspeth I I 3 I Hedeoma apiculatum, McKittrick pennyroyal Federal Status: LT State Status:T State Rank: S2 Counties: Culberson Agave ...Elomeruliflora, Chisos agave Federal Status: C2 State Rank: S2 Counties: Culberson, Hudspeth Strepthanthus snarsiflorus, Sparsely-flowered jewelflower

  10. MILITARY GEOGRAPHY: FROM PEACE TO WAR/E.J. PALKA & F.A. GALGANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.A.P. Smit

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available There has always been a long-standing relationship between Geography and themilitary. In the book Military Geography: from Peace to War, Military Geographyis defined as the “application of geographic information, tools and techniques tomilitary problems”. In the international arena, Military Geography enjoysrecognition as a formal sub-discipline with its own speciality group within theAssociation of American Geographers. Military Geography: from Peace to War is awelcome addition to a rather sparse literature collection of this applied subdisciplineof Geography.The book starts with an explanation of the scope of Military Geography that isextremely useful for researchers and students of Military Geography. Thisexplanation enables one to identify the context of the operation under discussion(peacetime, stability and support operations (SASO, or war, the scale of theoperation (strategic, operational or tactical, the approach used to study it(systematic, topical or regional and the perspective of the study (applied and/orhistorical.

  11. Are We too Dumb to Execute Our Own Doctrine : An Analysis of Professional Military Education, Talent Management, and their Ability to Meet the Intent of the Capstone Concept for Joint Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-04

    each can be accomplished using GIO: 1. Maintain a Secure and Effective Nuclear Deterrent. 2. Provide for Military Defense of the Homeland. 3...The armed forces as a whole make a significant effort to broaden quality officers through the use of scholarships, fellowships, and internships ...Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Service Chiefs Internships , Olmsted Scholars Program, Marshall Center for Security Studies Fellowships

  12. Fear of radiation in U.S. military medical personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastel, R H; Mulvaney, J

    2001-12-01

    The fear of radiation, even low-level radiation, could significantly impair military operations. To measure knowledge of and attitudes toward radiation, the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute developed a questionnaire that military medical personnel completed both before and after the 3-day Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation (MEIR) course. Findings included a positive correlation between the resulting increased knowledge and more positive attitudes. No gender effects were observed for knowledge or attitude, but both education level and military rank were related to knowledge and attitude.

  13. Democratic Control of Military Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smail Ostrakovic

    2011-01-01

    The transition requirement for post communism countries, especially the part that is about military forces is to establish those civil-military relation that will have prepared projects for awareness...

  14. Western Military Culture and Counterinsurgency:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    francois

    large-scale battles using massive force.4 According to well-known military ... a conflict, he could therefore take advantage of all elements of Western military .... development of industrial total warfare had led to a rigid attitude towards conflicts.

  15. Overview of fiber optics technology :industrial and military

    OpenAIRE

    Derrington, Dolores Cormack

    1989-01-01

    Fiber optics technology is being used in many applications, both in the military world and in the industrial world. A broad overview of this technology is provided, including a discussion of the fundamentals of fiber operation and component characteristics. Applications of fiber optics in both military and industrial communities is addressed, identifying specific examples in both cases. In addition, market projections and technology trends are discussed for both the milit...

  16. Military Medics Insight into Providing Womens Health Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-22

    Health Protection: Fit and ready force Deploy with and care for the warrior Care for all entrusted to our care Nursing Competencies...worry. The consultation of the family by the military women was apparent in both studies prior to seeking formal health care . However, younger...algorithms for deployed military women. Nursing Research 59:2-10 Thomson BA, Nielsen PE. 2006. Women’s health care in Operation Iraqi Freedom: a survey

  17. 2010 Military Family Life Project (MFLP) - Couples: Tabulations of Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-31

    care home, preschool , after-school program)? Number of child care arrangements 2010 Military Family Life Project: Couples DMDC 119 67. [Ask if...officials contributing to the development of this survey included Cathy Flynn and Yuko Whitestone (Military Community and Family Policy). DMDC’s Survey...Design, Analysis & Operations Branch, under the guidance of Paul Rosenfeld, Branch Chief, is responsible for the development of questionnaires used

  18. Designing UxS for Military Use: Harnessing AI to Provide Augmented Intelligence [video

    OpenAIRE

    Galdorisi, George

    2017-01-01

    TechCon2017 (CRUSER) Presented by CAPT George Galdorisi, USN (ret): SSC PAC Includes slides One of the operational and technical challenges of fielding unmanned systems with even more autonomy is the rising cost of military manpower—one of the fastest growing military accounts—and the biggest cost driver in the total operating cost (TOC) of all military systems. Because of this, the U.S. military has sought to increase the autonomy of its unmanned systems in order to drive down TOC. ...

  19. Academic and Military Instructional Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branson, Robert K.

    This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

  20. Planning and Conducting Offensive Counterinformation Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-01

    doctrine calls this special information operations (SIO)) which precludes timely data sharing and collaboration amongst the proper experts, planners, and...is classified as special information operations. Offensive information operations are conducted across the range of military operations while...Operations RF Radio Frequency ROE Rules of Engagement SecDef Secretary of Defense SIO Special Information Operations SOF Special Operations Force

  1. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities...... and options in order to provide a factual background for the ongoing discussion on possible military intervention in the Syrian conflict and Denmark’s possible participation in such an intervention. The paper is primarily based on the Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic...

  2. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities...... and options in order to provide a factual background for the ongoing discussion on possible military intervention in the Syrian conflict and Denmark’s possible participation in such an intervention. The paper is primarily based on the Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic...

  3. Autonomous military robotics

    CERN Document Server

    Nath, Vishnu

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief reveals the latest techniques in computer vision and machine learning on robots that are designed as accurate and efficient military snipers. Militaries around the world are investigating this technology to simplify the time, cost and safety measures necessary for training human snipers. These robots are developed by combining crucial aspects of computer science research areas including image processing, robotic kinematics and learning algorithms. The authors explain how a new humanoid robot, the iCub, uses high-speed cameras and computer vision algorithms to track the objec

  4. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  5. Psychiatry and the military: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Benedek, David; Malone, Ricky; Carr-Malone, Rosemary

    2006-09-01

    The United States has historically been concerned about the successful adjustment of its military members returning from war. These concerns are based on the recognition that war-zone exposures may have considerable negative emotional or behavior consequences. As the global war on terror continues, the United States military medical system will be required to address issues at the interface of psychiatry and the law. Despite clinical advances within the theater of war and at tertiary facilities in the United States, some military members will develop chronic and disabling mental illness as a result of traumatic exposure and exacerbated by the demands of the austere and dangerous operational environment. The extent to which violent and aggressive behavior in the aftermath of deployment can be attributed to combat experience remains an area of debate and ongoing investigation. However, experience suggests that a very small subgroup of the hundreds of thousands of war veterans deployed in conjunction with the current conflict in Iraq has already been involved in violent crimes. For this group, military forensic psychiatrists will be called on to make determinations of competency and criminal responsibility and to inform the courts about the potential contributions of war-related distress or disorder to criminal behavior. Though the overwhelming majority of war veterans will not be involved in criminal proceedings, a minority will develop career-ending (and in rare instances, life-ending) disabilities as a result of mental illness. For those who are no longer fit for duty, the military Physical Disability Evaluation System must make determinations of the extent to which future military performance and future civilian social and occupational function have been compromised. For a small yet highly visible minority of returning veterans, questions about the cause, precipitants, and manner of death will necessitate psychological autopsies. This article highlighted recent

  6. Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-01

    Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

  7. Fighting power, targeting and cyber operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ducheine, P.; van Haaster, J.; Brangetto, P.; Maybaum, M.; Stinissen, J.

    2014-01-01

    This article contributes to the operationalisation of military cyber operations in general, and for targeting purposes, either in defence or offence, in particular. The role of cyber operations in military doctrine will be clarifi ed, its contribution to fi ghting power conceptualised, and the ramif

  8. Catalog of Wargaming and Military Simulation Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-07

    PROPONENT: USAF ASD, McDonnell Douglas Corp. POINT OF CONTACT: Photon Research Associates (Alias): Mr. Jeff Johnson , (619) 455-9741; McDonnell Douglas...POINTOF CONTACT: Dr. R. Johnson , (DSN) 295-1593 or (301) 295-1593. PURPOSE: The model provides simulation of airland activities in a theater of operations...training, and education. PROPONENT: J-8 Political Military Affairs Directorate. POINT OF CONTACT: LTC Steven G. Stainer . PURPOSE: RDSS is a system

  9. The Army in Multinational Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    intelligence analysts. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents have worked with military members conducting forensic analysis of explosions...are contained within the capabilities of each higher level. A preventive dentistry program can be provided in the theater of operations. REQUIRED

  10. Cultural self-awareness as a crucial component of military cross-cultural competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappamihiel, Constantine J; Pappamihiel, Eleni

    2013-01-01

    The military forces in the United States represent a unique culture that includes many subcultures within their own military society. Acculturation into the military often deemphasizes the influence of personal narrative and thereby establishes the primacy of military culture over personal cultural influences. The authors make the argument that military personnel need to further develop an understanding and appreciation of personal cultural narrative as well as organizational culture. The increased integration of military personnel with interagency partners, along with cooperative efforts between relief organizations, and nongovernmental organizations in politically/economically unstable areas around the globe serves to make cross-cultural interaction unavoidable in the future. Military medical personnel are especially likely to interact with others who have culturally different values. These interactions can occur between organizations as easily as they can during patient care. They must be able to step outside of their military culture and develop cross-cultural competence that is grounded in cultural self-awareness. Without an appropriate level of cultural self-awareness, military and medical personnel run the risk of being unable to communicate across dissimilar cultures or worse, alienating key stakeholders in collaborative operations between military services, coalition partners, and nonmilitary organizations. It is the authors? contention that unless military personnel, especially those in the medical arena, are able to appropriately self-assess situations that are impacted by culture, both their own and the other personnel involved, the resulting cultural dissonance is more likely to derail any significant positive effect of such collaborations.

  11. Final Environmental Assessment for the Update and Implementation of the Total Force Training Mission for Visiting Units (Operation Snowbird, Multi-Service, and Foreign Military Sales), Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-14

    conducted by our own government’s military against us and depriving us of our health , safety, property, and happiness . Sincerely, s/Kathleen G...quality, socioeconomics (including property values), public health and safety, and cultural resources, as identified below. The Arizona State Historic...would also be no additional disproportional impacts regarding the protection of children. Public Health and Safety: Public safety risks would not

  12. Modernization of the Military

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s armed forces emphasize development and transformation,says national defense white paper China issued a white paper on national defense on March 31.The document,the seventh of its kind the Chinese Government has issued since 1998,says China will never seek hegemony or adopt the approach of military expansion

  13. Resilience among Military Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  14. The Military Instructor's Handbook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Peter; Grønlund, Thomas

    The Military Instructor's handbook was written for the basic professional training of instructors in the danish defence. The book describes the work of instructors and their areas of responsibility, and it offers guidance and direction on how to plan, conduct and evaluate learning activities...

  15. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    blunders of Hitler as a political and military leader, now by our country’s climatic and weather conditions.which were "unfavorable" for the German...Portugal, over Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. (According to other data, including the French press, American aircraft "cut short" this route by a

  16. The Transgender Military Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dietert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there have been studies that focus on the experiences of the gay and lesbian population serving in the United States military, few have focused on the experience of active duty transgender service members. Transgender individuals transgress the binary conception of gender by deviating from societal gender norms associated with assigned sex at birth. The Department of Defense has set policies and standards that reflect a binary conception of gender, with a focus on conformity. We argue that able-bodied gender variant service personnel are just as capable of serving their country as anyone else. Because of the repercussions associated with active duty transgender military personnel, our sample is small and involves nine clandestine service members and two international service members who wanted to share their stories from a different perspective. Snowball sampling was aimed at finding current active duty and reserve transgender service members. Using a combination of telephone interviews and questionnaires, data were collected from active duty transgender service personnel throughout the United States and two from international militaries that allow transgender people to serve. Data collection focused on the overall experiences of the participants along with questions regarding workplace discrimination, suggestions for policy changes, and their views about the overturn of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Our findings add to a growing source of information about the transgender military experience in the U.S. armed forces and the importance of overturning discriminatory workplace policies that negatively impact transgender service members.

  17. USSR Report Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    good job of selecting cadets and to avoid errors. For example, a group of scientists at the Donetsk Higher Military Political School of Engineer...Troops and Signal Troops imenl Army General A.A. Yepishev, together with colleagues from the Donetsk State Medical Institute imeni Maxim Gorkiy, did a

  18. Military Forces in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    families of military professionals withdrawn from East- em Europe are living in hostels , prefabricated barracks, or tents. In some cases, conscripts...Technological Capabilities: USSR/US Semiconductor Materials and Microelectronic C ircuils Software Producibility Parallel Computer Architectures ^ r...underground leadership bunker adjacent to Moscow State University . These fa- cilities are intended for the national command authority in wartime

  19. On Military Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    sciences and philosophies are based on dubious premises or are in fact pseudosciences. Modern military theory was heavily influenced by empiricism and...determinism. Empiricism is described as a logical process based on pursuing knowledge through observation and experiments. One can make sensible

  20. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-17

    subordinates of officers V. Nazarenko and A. Labunets who, together with the personnel of the pipeline subunit under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A...collaboration is played by the joint "Soyuz," "Shchit," and " Druzhba " exercises and the systematic exchange of experience, military-technical

  1. Cementing Military Bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China and the United States incorporate military cooperation into their strategic dialogue The recently concluded fifth round of the China-U.S.Strategic Dialogue with its special focus on defense was an instrumental first step for the two countries to advance their mili- tary relations through formal discussions,

  2. The Military Logistics Support of Humanitarian Relief Efforts during Low-Intensity Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    of military logistics support of relief efforts low-intensity conflict, a study of the land, people, government, economy and history of each country...U.S. policy goals, the actual humanitarian relief operation, and the military logistics support provided used to the question: ’What are the key...elements to provide successful logistics support of humanitarian relief efforts during low-intensity conflict? Military Logistics , Humanitarian Relief, Low-Intensity Conflict, Afghanistan, Chad, Humanitarian Aid, Logistics

  3. Risky business: challenges and successes in military radiation risk communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melanson, Mark A; Geckle, Lori S; Davidson, Bethney A

    2012-01-01

    Given the general public's overall lack of knowledge about radiation and their heightened fear of its harmful effects, effective communication of radiation risks is often difficult. This is especially true when it comes to communicating the radiation risks stemming from military operations. Part of this difficulty stems from a lingering distrust of the military that harkens back to the controversy surrounding Veteran exposures to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War along with the often classified nature of many military operations. Additionally, there are unique military exposure scenarios, such as the use of nuclear weapons and combat use of depleted uranium as antiarmor munitions that are not found in the civilian sector. Also, the large, diverse nature of the military makes consistent risk communication across the vast and widespread organization very difficult. This manuscript highlights and discusses both the common and the distinctive challenges of effectively communicating military radiation risks, to include communicating through the media. The paper also introduces the Army's Health Risk Communication Program and its role in assisting in effective risk communication efforts. The authors draw on their extensive collective experience to share 3 risk communication success stories that were accomplished through the innovative use of a matrixed, team approach that combines both health physics and risk communication expertise.

  4. A Model for Valuing Military Talents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hong-sheng

    2002-01-01

    The method of collocating military talents is a difficult problem. It is different from other talents, for the characteristic of military talents. This paper presents a model for valuing military talents,which can assists the military leaders to collocate military talents properly.

  5. Toward Multinational Professional Military Education in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John; Breitenbauch, Henrik Ø.

    , Sweden, and Finland—have conducted joint training courses for decades and are considering ways to facilitate cooperation in the education of the field-grade officers that would populate the staff of any future NATO-led expeditionary operation. We suggest three alternative paths that increased cooperation......European NATO nations need better staff officers. Operation Unified Protector exposed a widespread deficiency in the professional knowledge of field-grade European officers. Professional military education (PME) is where corrective Alliance action must focus. The Nordic countries—Norway, Denmark...

  6. Toward Multinational Professional Military Education in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John; Breitenbauch, Henrik Ø.

    European NATO nations need better staff officers. Operation Unified Protector exposed a widespread deficiency in the professional knowledge of field-grade European officers. Professional military education (PME) is where corrective Alliance action must focus. The Nordic countries—Norway, Denmark......, Sweden, and Finland—have conducted joint training courses for decades and are considering ways to facilitate cooperation in the education of the field-grade officers that would populate the staff of any future NATO-led expeditionary operation. We suggest three alternative paths that increased cooperation...

  7. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Domestic Volunteerism Spotlight Contact Us Military Health System Strategic Partnership Military Health System Strategic Partnership Military Health System Strategic Partnership About Excelsior ...

  8. Uloga savremenih komercijalnih telekomunikacionih sistema u procesu planiranja, organizacije i izvođenja vojnih operacija / Role of contemporary communications systems in the process of planning, organizing and realization of military operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan S. Vujić

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Ubrzani razvoj komercijalnih telekomunikacionih sistema stvorio je mogućnost da se deo vojnih telekomunikacionih potreba, posebno u mirnodopskim uslovima može u potpunosti zadovoljiti upotrebom komercijalne tehnologije. Izviđački sistem, zasnovan na specifičnoj vojnoj tehnologiji koja eksploatiše komercijalne resurse, poput pasivnih radarskih sistema i akustičkih senzora dostupnih na komercijalnom tržištu, može predstavljati primer jednostavnog i vrlo efikasnog sistema. Potrebna komunikacija sa pretpostavljenom komandom kao i akcije koje se sprovode na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, mogu biti podržane komercijalnim sistemima zasnovanim na savremenim tehnološkim rešenjima, poput adaptivnih modulacionih postupaka i prenosa signala u proširenom spektru sa direktnom sekvencom i/ili frekvencijskim skakanjem i višestrukim pristupom na bazi kodnog multipleksa. Ovako organizovani sistemi u potpunosti zadovoljavaju mirnodopske potrebe Vojske SCG, dok se primena delimično ili potpuno, širi i na slučajeve sukoba ograničenog intenziteta antiteroristička dejstva i slučajeve elementarnih nepogoda. / Fast progress in commercial communications systems development has made possibilities to fulfill communications needs in military organizations especially during the periods of peace. A reconnaissance system, based on specific military technology such as passive radar systems and acoustic sensors, available in commercial market, represents a possible realization of a simple and highly efficient system. Necessary communication with a higher command, also as actions that are made based on gathered information, could supported through use of commercial communications systems employing adaptive modulation processes, direct sequence and frequency hopping spread spectrum communications and code division multiple access. In this way organized systems completely fulfill communication needs of the Army of Serbia and Montenegro during peacetime, but the

  9. All the Missiles Work Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation: A Case Study in US Air Force Air-to-Air Armament, Post-World War II through Operation Rolling Thunder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    connected with military might.‖ 8 Looking towards the future in a decidedly ethnocentric manner that York would be proud of, a US Army War College... consuming and complex procedure involving multiple switch actuations and dial manipulations to configure the aircraft radar, acquire the target with...Fighter Weapons Center, January 1973), M-U 42339-15a, MSFRIC, 10. 107 One area that consumed much of the wing‘s focus was the F-4‘s air-to-air

  10. [Gas gangrene: a military disease?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pailler, J L; Labeeu, F

    1986-01-01

    Gas gangrene is a general toxi-infection, which is mostly the result of a contamination of the muscles from traumatic or post-operative origin. Muscular necrosis expands very quickly, causes mutilations, hits several organs and leads to shock. The spontaneous evolution is mostly mortal within a couple of hours. For a long time it was considered to be a typical military disease: during World War I some 100,000 German soldiers lost their lives as a direct result. It represented then 10 to 12% of all deads of wounds. This mortality rate decreased between 0.3 and 1.5% during World War II and to 0.016% during the Vietnam WAr. Although gas gangrene is no longer a typical military disease, the holy principles of war surgery must be respected. All war wounds, and in particular those caused by high velocity missiles are contaminated, a.o. by clostridium spores. An immediate suture of those wounds, through which necrotized tissue is covered (an ideal anaerobic environment), furthers the development of gas gangrene. The only prevention consists of debriding those wounds, leaving them opened, followed by a delayed primary suture between the 4th and 7th day after the debridement. Not properly treated will gas gangrene always be mortal. In some instances, an emergency amputation will be the only way to save the patient's life. Antibiotherapy, hyperbaric oxygenotherapy and most of all surgery from the medical triade which is imperative to treat this disease. Thanks to these measures, the mortality rate decreased from 70% before 1960 to 41%. Nonetheless the most important act remains the early, complete, rational and rigorous debridement of the wounds. Far from being an obsolete attitude, this is one of humility, wisdom ... and with future prospects.

  11. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    and leading seaman and honor student. The brothers Giya and Guliver Nikolaishvili of Sukhumi, Dato Metreveli of Kutaisi, who is at the Kiev higher...policy is closely related to its domestic and foreign policy and the strategy of accelerating social and economic development based on scientific...and special informational publications and become acquainted with patent materials. There is yet one more important concept in our military lexicon

  12. Military Psychology for Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, Adelaide

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available in trauma therapy is highlighted. 181 Chapter 8 follows on the previous chapter, as Loubsher emphasises the body in the context of trauma, providing the reader with insight into the importance of instinctual bodily responses to the process of healing... influence on the effectiveness of the military as well as the psychological consequences of the disease on factors like combat readiness. An explanation of African traditional approaches to healing provides valuable insight into how African individuals...

  13. Military display performance parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  14. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    18 Mar 87 p 2 [Editorial on "Measures Taken" in the "Answers, Responses, Results" section: "False Chords "] [Text] The correspondence entitled...34False Chords " that was. published on 3 January told about violations allowed while dismissing a group of military construction workers into the reserves...which hinder our movement forward are also especially noticeable. It is impossible not to see that INDIVIDUAL OFFICERS, WHO VOCALLY COME OUT FOR

  15. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    was due in part also to the fact that the class was con- ducted by someone other than the individual indicated in the schedule. Inci- dentally , the...Col V. Filatov, KRASNAYA ZVEZDA special correspondent, Chernobyl AES-Kiev-Moscow, under the rubric "Military Character": "At a Time of Trial"] [Text...1. He learned about the accident at the Chernobyl AES almost as soon as it happened, but he did not know and could not imagine how it would

  16. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    notorious questionnaire method, haste and thoughtlessness lead to sad results. For example, in one unit in the Northern Group of Forces a person...the Komsomol member and how they worried that he was military, cocky and sharp-tongued! And his shoulders were squared and his craving to dare, to...examples in this work and make a contribution to the implementation of the nation’s Food Pro- gram. This year too, working in the kolkhoz and sovkhoz

  17. Soviet Military Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    vaned uber -as copoiteprpelans, lsofo imroingth.e.e.i.ees of dis.*~’ - "- .. ’ Soviet industrial modernization programs quire computer technology...Greenland C 1 NORTH , S ATLANTIC OCEAN Mexicos oU.. 3 OOCEAN Gas NOITMLTRPRONLARA * Lt~ Aeula InludngCua).......................A Svit nn Trantr 117I...are larger than those of Canada, island neighbors have little or no armed Brazil or Mexico . With Soviet assistance forces of their own. Cuban military

  18. Military housing foam application and analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, J. J.

    2012-03-01

    Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

  19. [The cradle of military medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsygan, V N

    2013-12-01

    The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  20. "Learning Shock" and Student Veterans: Bridging the Learning Environments of the Military and the Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaauw-Hara, Mark

    2017-01-01

    In this article, I provide an overview of student veterans' experiences learning in the military, from the ways the armed forces operate as a community of practice to how they build the competence of their service-members through application of andragogical principles. I then contrast the learning environment of the military to that of college,…

  1. Health Services Management Education On-Site at a Military Medical Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Stephen J.; Poss, W. Bradley; Cupp, Craig L.

    2014-01-01

    A cooperative educational program with the U.S. military is described to illustrate a unique opportunity that confronted a graduate healthcare management program. The resulting degree program supported the military's operational medical mission but also presented interesting and unexpected challenges resulting from the wars in Iraq and…

  2. 48 CFR 3052.209-71 - Reserve Officer Training Corps and military recruiting on campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... following clause: Reserve Officer Training Corps and Military Recruiting on Campus (DEC 2003) (a... military department from maintaining, establishing, or operating a unit of the Senior Reserve Officer... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reserve Officer...

  3. ODA and Military Expenditure | APD et dépenses militaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ODA and Military Expenditure by DAC Members (in Million USD, 2008APD et dépenses militaires des pays membres du CAD (en millions USD, 2008Sources: OECD, DAC; SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.Net ODA Receipts and Military Expenditure in Selected Countries (in Million USD, 2008Recettes nettes d’APD et dépenses militaires d’une sélection de pays (en millions USD, 2008Sources: OECD, Development Co-operation Report 2010, Statistical Annex, Table 25; SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.

  4. Military Construction: Process and Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-14

    barracks, schools, hospitals , child development centers, and other facilities needed to support U.S. military forces at home and overseas. This military...Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Security Investment Program The 28 member states of NATO share the expense of common-use facilities by a formula...programs for the acquisition and construction of military facilities and installations and for related expenses for the collective defense of the

  5. The Engagement of Military Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    valuable, rare, inimitable, and or- ganizationally integrated ( VRIO ) capabilities of the firm are necessary for competitive advantage.4 Transferring...challenging for any large organization.5 This ex- pertise is developed through education and deliberate practice in the appli- cation of military force to...the military to the nation can be captured in the term SMART power.7 Some scholars are concerned that these VRIO competencies give the military undue

  6. Global Military Operating Environments (GMOE) Phase I: Linking Natural Environments, International Security, and Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    16 Figure 4. Soil profile sampled at Countermine Box Set ( CMBS ...events were recorded including a 20 mm event that occurred on March 7, 2010. Figure 4. Soil profile sampled at Countermine Box Set ( CMBS ). Note buried

  7. Conversion of Abbandoned Military Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiva Marcinkevičiūtė

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the situation of abandoned military sites, their value and significance of their conservation. It also reviews their impact on their environment and their potential in tourism, environmental, economic and social spheres. Further the positive experiences in military sites' conversion are studied. The importance of society's involvement in the conversions is discussed. The situation of XIX-XX age's military object's, the significance of their conservation and their potential in tourism market is separately analysed. The results of two researches are introduced, one of which inquires about the Lithuanian military objects' potential in tourism sphere, another one explores the possibilities of conversion. Article in Lithuanian

  8. Assessing Psycho-Social Resilience in Diplomatic, Civilian & Military Personnel Serving in a High-Threat Security Environment during Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Speckhard

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently thousands of military, diplomatic and civilian personnel are deployed under NATO, UN, and other multi-national, as well as national auspices in high-threat security environments, including active conflict zones such as Iraq and Afghanistan.  Soldiers are generally well trained and prepared psychologically to face armed conflict. Civilian contractors and diplomats, on the other hand, often are not.  Moreover in today’s high-threat security environments terrorists, insurgents and even child soldiers may be the opposing force, creating a more uncertain and anxiety provoking environment and more difficult to identify security threat. These facts have serious implications for the psycho-social resilience of diplomatic, civilian and military personnel deployed in such environments.  This article investigates psycho-social resilience in a small exploratory sample of US embassy staff, contractors and US forces serving in Iraq during 2007, a time when Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs, roadside bombings, mortar attacks, kidnappings, murders and sniper fire were an everyday occurrence in Iraq.

  9. Military Skills for America’s Future: Leveraging Military Service and Experience to Put Veterans and Military Spouses Back to Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    hire 80,000 veterans and military spouses by 2014. Other companies that have made commitments include Microsoft, Citi, and Disney . Recognizing that...over the next five years in land preservation and restoration services, including providing visitor programs and operating facilities , restoring...habitat and cultural resources, and repairing and rehabilitating trails, roads, and recreation facilities . The program will provide opportunities for

  10. 76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... Proclamation 8746--National Diabetes Month, 2011 Proclamation 8747--National Entrepreneurship Month, 2011... dedicated to doing more for our military families by enhancing learning opportunities for our military...

  11. Beyond an Operational Reserve

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    equipment, electronics and wheeled vehicles, as well as personnel shortages in critical specialty areas such as doctors and nurses . The report concluded... intervention in Korea. The President’s declaration called for additional military forces, including four ARNG divisions, to provide a deterrence to...regional conflicts, the new strategy emphasizes the need for strong capabilities to conduct smaller scale intervention operations like peace

  12. The Operations Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    particular operation or exercise, place a nickname or code words before the letter, such as BALD EAGLE (D-day) or ANVIL EXPRESS (M-day). EXPRESSING TIME E...York: Vintage Books, 1991. Fuller, J. F. C. Generalship: Its Diseases and Their Cure . Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publishing Co., 1936

  13. U.S. Army Corrosion Office's storage and quality requirements for military MEMS program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunino, J. L., III; Skelton, D. R.

    2007-04-01

    As the Army transforms into a more lethal, lighter and agile force, the technologies that support these systems must decrease in size while increasing in intelligence. Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) are one such technology that the Army and DOD will rely on heavily to accomplish these objectives. Conditions for utilization of MEMS by the military are unique. Operational and storage environments for the military are significantly different than those found in the commercial sector. Issues unique to the military include; high G-forces during gun launch, extreme temperature and humidity ranges, extended periods of inactivity (20 years plus) and interaction with explosives and propellants. The military operational environments in which MEMS will be stored or required to function are extreme and far surpass any commercial operating conditions. Security and encryption are a must for all MEMS communication, tracking, or data reporting devices employed by the military. Current and future military applications of MEMS devices include safety and arming devices, fuzing devices, various guidance systems, sensors/detectors, inertial measurement units, tracking devices, radio frequency devices, wireless Radio Frequency Identifications (RFIDs) and network systems, GPS's, radar systems, mobile base systems and information technology. MEMS embedded into these weapons systems will provide the military with new levels of speed, awareness, lethality, and information dissemination. The system capabilities enhanced by MEMS will translate directly into tactical and strategic military advantages.

  14. The Role of the Military in Disaster Response in the U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naim Kapucu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Several scholarly works have documented a heightened military involvement in responding to natural and man-made disasters. This is due to both the historical focus of the military on responding to domestic disasters and the recent impact of large-scale terrorist attacks on the U.S. territory. While retaining its primary role of safeguarding the country from external threats, the military has become one of the main partners of federal, state, and local agencies in disaster response operations, providing its available resources, logistical capacity, and operational services effectively used against both man-made and natural disasters. This article discusses the role of the military in responding to natural and man-made disasters and explores the historical involvement of military in disaster management.

  15. The Role of the Military in Disaster Response in the U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naim Kapucu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Several scholarly works have documented a heightened military involvement in responding to natural and man-made disasters. This is due to both the historical focus of the military on responding to domestic disasters and the recent impact of large-scale terrorist attacks on the U.S. territory. While retaining its primary role of safeguarding the country from external threats, the military has become one of the main partners of federal, state, and local agencies in disaster response operations, providing its available resources, logistical capacity, and operational services effectively used against both man-made and natural disasters. This article discusses the role of the military in responding to natural and man-made disasters and explores the historical involvement of military in disaster management.

  16. The Death of Military Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Military Court of Appeals ruled in United States v. Beeker that “the use or possession of marihuana was service connected because the use or...possession . . . of marihuana and narcotics has a special military significance since their use has ‘disastrous effects on the health, morale and fitness

  17. Military Implications of Global Warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    U.S. environmental issues also have important global implications. This paper analyzes current U.S. Policy as it pertains to global warming and climate...for military involvement to reduce global warming . Global warming and other environmental issues are important to the U.S. military. As the United

  18. Psychological Safety During Military Integrations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wermser, Frederik; Täuber, Susanne; Essens, Peter; Molleman, Henricus; Beeres, Robert; Bakx, Gwendolyn; de Waard, Erik; Rietjens, Sebastiaan

    Increased military cooperation between member states of the European Union is a political given. The Netherlands and Germany form a spearhead in this process by integrating entire military units (i.e., brigades, battalions, companies) into higher-order units of the respective other nation (i.e.,

  19. Organizational Culture and the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    This project reviews key concepts of organizational culture and examines how our military culture may change as a result of various social and...of the society it is sworn to defend. This study examined the military’s organizational culture through the use of an organizational culture /climate

  20. Burns and military clothing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, A D

    2001-02-01

    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under

  1. Military Deception Reconsidered

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    There is a sucker born every day.1 P.T. Barnum A. THESIS OVERVIEW –PROBLEM DEFINITION This thesis explores the elements of military deception and...of war through the ages . In recent times, however, deception has often been undervalued, as evidenced by the removal of Field Manual (FM) 90-2...beliefs and values. In psychology, a “motivated bias” or rather the enemy reads into a situation what he wants to and chooses to see what he wants

  2. Military Mail Radio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bîlbîie Răduţ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural and scientific personalities from the army, military experts and creators of the doctrine have collaborated with the radio from the beginnings of radiophony, the educational role of this new, persuasive communication channel being evident not only for Romania or the Romanian army but also for all the countries that had radiophony services. This happens in the context of the end of the crisis and the start of economic and social development, promoting culture, creating a solid class of peasants with a certain social status, in villages, together with the priest, teacher and gendarme, increasing of the number of subscriptions and development of the Romanian radiophony.

  3. The Importance of Military Cultural Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Eric G; Writer, Brian W; Brim, William

    2016-03-01

    Military cultural competence has recently gained national attention. Experts have posited that limited outcomes in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the military may be related to limited familiarity with the military. National surveys have indicated low military cultural competence among providers and limited educational efforts on military culture or pertinent military pathology in medical schools and residency training programs. Military families, with their own unique military cultural identity, have been identified as a population with increased risks associated with deployment. In response to these findings, several curricula regarding military culture have been established and widely distributed. Assessments of military cultural competence have also been developed. The clinical impact of enhanced cultural competence in general has thus far been limited. The military, however, with its highly prescribed cultural identity, may be a model culture for further study.

  4. Comparison of the Effects of Ketamine and Morphine on the Performance of Representative Military Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    malformation • Epilepsy or seizure disorder (other than simple febrile seizures ) • Active gallbladder disease or gastrointestinal disorder (e.g...with respect to study demographics, of military personnel serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom /Operation Enduring Freedom , 11% are female (IOM, 2010...Surgical Research (ISR) noted that up to 17% of returning Operation Iraqi Freedom /Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) veterans report symptoms

  5. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-01

    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  6. Applications of Miniaturized Atomic Magnetic Sensors in Military Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    exercising flight operations ( brushless DC motor running, tail avionics actuated, telemetry systems transmitting). We utilized a simple linear model to...80021 USA ABSTRACT A new generation of miniaturized ultra-high sensitivity atomic magnetometers is being developed and integrated into military...low frequency magnetometry are investigated through preliminary experimental data in addition to modeling and simulations. In particular, we discuss

  7. Health risk assessment for chemical exposures of military interest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langenberg, J.P.; Polhuijs, M.; Sijbranda, T.

    2016-01-01

    Participation in military operations is accompanied by health hazards resulting from exposure to chemical substances from natural and anthropogenic sources. Historically, focus on toxicological risks has been on the health effects of exposure to chemical warfare agents (CW A). In recent years the aw

  8. Civil-Military Integration in Afghanistan. Creating Unity of Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Afghan regional governance structure, RCs enable military planning and have logistical assets to support fast-paced operations in the provinces...facilitating a licit agro -based economy), and building governance capacity that leverages existing tribal structures (persuading Afghans away from

  9. Acoustic measurements of models of military style supersonic nozzle jets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuo, C.W.; Veltin, J.; McLaughlin, D.K.

    2014-01-01

    Modern military aircraft jet engines are designed with variable-geometry nozzles to provide optimal thrust in different operating conditions, depending on the flight envelope. However, acoustic measurements for such nozzles are scarce, due to the cost involved in making full-scale measurements and

  10. Acoustic measurements of models of military style supersonic nozzle jets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuo, C.W.; Veltin, J.; McLaughlin, D.K.

    2014-01-01

    Modern military aircraft jet engines are designed with variable-geometry nozzles to provide optimal thrust in different operating conditions, depending on the flight envelope. However, acoustic measurements for such nozzles are scarce, due to the cost involved in making full-scale measurements and t

  11. Joint Operations. Change 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-13

    Egypt , Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the United States, as well as other nations. On 9 December 1992, under UN auspices, US special operations forces and...collection to produce the most accurate intelligence products. (2) Where there is little USG or US military presence, open-source intelligence ( OSINT ) may...be the best immediately available information to prepare US forces to operate in a foreign country. OSINT from radio broadcasts, newspapers, and

  12. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, Andrew L

    2010-01-01

    What is military innovation? How should we think about Chinese military innovation? By developing an analytical framework that captures both the components of military innovation (technology, doctrine, and organization) and the continuum of change, we can better assess the nature, extent, and importance of contemporary Chinese military innovation.

  13. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, Andrew L.

    2010-01-01

    What is military innovation? How should we think about Chinese military innovation? By developing an analytical framework that captures both the components of military innovation (technology, doctrine, and organization) and the continuum of change, we can better assess the nature, extent, and importance of contemporary Chinese military innovation.

  14. The Military and the Transition to Adulthood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

    2010-01-01

    Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects…

  15. The Ambiguity of Foreign Military Assistance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Henrik

    This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya.......This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya....

  16. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29... Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who entered on duty on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that date, credit for military...

  17. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army....

  18. The Ambiguity of Foreign Military Assistance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Henrik

    This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya.......This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya....

  19. A Study of Military Technopolitics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Katrine

    , governments and military services hope to introduce game-changing military technologies that are ‘better, faster and cheaper’, investing heavily in research and development of AWS. In this paper, I wish to map the different and competing practices of critique and justification that shape the technopolitical...... controversy of AWS, showing its complexity and internal contradictions. In addition to identifying the dominant regimes of justification, that organize the discourse of AWS, I argue that the military bureau and its officeholders become technopolitical mediators and translators of risk in an emergent practice...

  20. Military Reform:Full Steam ahead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Wei

    2004-01-01

    @@ Military strength has long been designed as a pillar for India's national strategic goal of striving for the status of a world big power through control over the Indian Ocean with a solid groundwork in South Asia. At a time of IT-centered global military revolution the country aims at becoming a global military power by the year 2015 through military reforms geared to her military and national conditions in the following ways:

  1. Joint Doctrine for Space Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    c. USSPACECOM Space Operations Center ( SPOC ). The SPOC is the focal point with USSPACECOM for obtaining space support. d. Day-to-Day Operations...notify the National Military Command Center (NMCC) and the NORAD and USSPACECOM chains of command (including the NORAD Operation Center and SPOC ), as...commanders from NORAD-USSPACECOM’s CMOC, which is backed up by the SPOC . USSPACECOM will also operate and maintain global and regional satellite

  2. Promoting Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency in Military Housing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    AH McMakin; EL Malone; RE Lundgren

    1999-09-07

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) helps agencies reduce the cost of doing business through energy efficiency, water conservation, and the use of solar and other renewable energy. As a large energy user, the U.S. military has been one of the government sectors of focus. Several military installations have shown substantial energy savings in past years. Most of these efficiency projects, however, have focused primarily on physical upgrades, technologies, and purchasing habits. Furthermost projects have focused on administrative and operational areas of energy use. Military residential housing, in particular, has received little formal attention for energy efficiency involving behaviors of the residents themselves. Behavior-based change is a challenging, but potentially fruitful area for energy conservation programs. However, behavioral change involves links with values, social networks and organizations, and new ways of thinking about living patterns. This handbook attempts to fill a gap by offering guidance for promoting such efforts.

  3. Increasing military social work knowledge: an evaluation of learning outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgey, Mary Ann; Young, Sharon L

    2014-02-01

    Service members and veterans face a myriad of health, mental health, and social challenges stemming from the combat and operational stressors experienced during deployment and the challenges ofreintegration to civilian life. To intervene effectively with this population, social workers must be knowledgeable about these issues and the cultural context within which they occur. Although schools of social work across the country are developing course work in military social work, little is known about the learning outcomes of these courses. This article describes a military social work course that was developed to increase student preparedness to work with a military or veteran population and the learning outcomes achieved. Using a quasi-experimental pre-post design, this study compared the learning outcomes of students enrolled in the course with a group of students who had not taken the course. To measure this knowledge, the authors developed a 50-item Military Social Work Knowledge Scale for the study. Significant differences between pre- and posttest scores were found for the social work students enrolled in the course. Specific areas of knowledge that increased for the class participants included knowledge about cultural sensitivity to military populations and knowledge about service and advocacy frameworks.

  4. Dengue Virus Exposures among Deployed U.S. Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesse, Elisabeth M; Martinez, Luis J; Jarman, Richard G; Lyons, Arthur G; Eckels, Kenneth H; De La Barrera, Rafael A; Thomas, Stephen J

    2017-02-13

    Dengue virus infections have adversely impacted U.S. military operations since the Spanish-American War. The erosion of mission capabilities and lost duty days are underestimated. Appreciating the incidence and prevalence of dengue infections in U.S. military personnel is important to inform disease prevention strategies. Banked pre- and post-deployment serum samples from 1,000 U.S. military personnel with a single deployment to a dengue-endemic region were tested using a screening microneutralization assay to detect anti-dengue-virus-neutralizing antibodies. A total of 76 (7.6%) post-deployment samples were positive and 15 of the pre-deployment samples were negative. These figures represent an infection incidence of 1.5% and total of 17.6 seroconversions per 10,000 deployment months. These data represent a deploying military population with a relatively high background rate of dengue seropositivity, a low level of infection during deployment compared with background infection rates in the local populations, and the potential for worsening clinical attack rates with increased frequency of deployment. Additional studies are required to more clearly elucidate the dengue infection and disease risk in U.S. military personnel.

  5. Army Military Land Tracts (AMLT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — This data set is part of a collection of real estate data concerning current and historic military installations whose real property interests are managed by the...

  6. Contact dermatitis in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive.

  7. ETHICS AND THE MILITARY COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor DOBBIN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Military communities differ in how they implement ethics training.Some have well developed programmes while others have only a few stand-alone presentations. For this reason it is difficult to produce a template to suit every situation.Leadership training within the Military is generally of a very high standard and it is particularly important in relation to the development of high moral standards, whereas the training in ethics various considerably throughout the military world.Therefore, even though we regard our ethics programme to be of a very high standard there is always the need to review what we have in place and update it. Codes of Ethics need to be revised from time to time and we can gain valuable insight from sharing and comparing our training programmes with other militaries.

  8. Psychiatry beyond the asylum: the origins of German military psychiatry before World War I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lengwiler, Martin

    2003-03-01

    This study examines the co-operation between psychiatry and the army in Germany between 1870 and 1914, leading to the establishment of military psychiatry as an independent discipline. Arguing that military psychiatry played a key role in the history of modern clinical psychiatry, the paper points out how the first generation of military psychiatrists developed innovative diagnostic technologies, such as the intelligence test, and established crucial institutional alliances between psychiatric clinics, military authorities, and local and national administrations. The early history of military psychiatry marks the transition of psychiatry from a medical sub-discipline to a more generally applicable "social technology" assessing the borderline between normality and abnormality in multiple social contexts.

  9. Military GPS User Equipment (MGUE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-29

    Space and Missile Systems Center Military GPS User Equipment (MGUE) Lt Col James “Mutt” Wilson Program Manager 29 Apr 15 Information contained in...SUBTITLE Military GPS User Equipment (MGUE) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Presented at the GPS Partnership Council 2015 (GPSPC15), held April 29 to May 1, 2015, at the Los Angeles AFB, CA. 14. ABSTRACT

  10. Military Civic Action in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    this act provided the American nations (except for Panamg and Argentina ) with military materiel and services valued at $460 million. 30 Additionally...rural living conditions. In Argentina and Mexico the military played an important role in economic development by opening up new roads and constructing...assistance to the settlers. Then, on 1 September 1953, Rojas established the Coffee Grower’s Bank (Banco Cafetero y de Exportaciones ), with capital

  11. Cohesion in the US Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    footsteps in the trench behind me rec,’ll me at a bound from the terrible loneliness and fear of death by which I had been almost destroyed. They are more to...2-12. 29. Morris Janowitz, ed. The new military: Changing patterns of organization. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1964. 30. Morris Janowitz...establishment. In The new military: Changing patterns of organization, edited by M. Janowitz, pp. 39-81. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1964. (Impact of new

  12. 南京军区“医云工程”组织管理模式与运行机制%The Organizational Management Mode and Operation Mechanism of "Medical Cloud Project" of Nanjing Military Command

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大勇; 李杰; 韩雄; 杨文宏; 王小峰

    2013-01-01

      为加强对“医云工程”的组织领导,保障“医云工程”各项任务、目标要求、实施方法和督促检查等各个环节落到实处,南京军区卫生部专门成立了“医云工程”指导委员会、“医云工程”工作小组、“医云工程”研究实验中心和“医云工程”办公室,负责全区医院实施“医云工程”的组织协调、统筹规划、技术指导、科研培训、考核评估等工作,对“医云工程”实行全方位、全过程管控。%To strengthen the organizational leadership of medical cloud project, guarantee the implementation of various tasks, targets and requirements, methods and inspections, the Health Department of Nanjing Military Command established steering committee, working group, research laboratory and office for medical cloud project, which not only take charge of organizing and coordinating, overall planning, technical guidance, scientific training, examination and evaluation of the implementation of medical cloud project in the whole region, but also control the progress of medical cloud project in all aspects.

  13. Reforming Military Resources and the Authority of the United Nations Security Council in implementing coercive military measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Santos

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The lack of a de facto military component is rather significant in normative and operational terms within the UN system. The differences among the permanent members of the Security Council, which exist since its beginning, have stopped provisions from being enforced which were included in the United Nations Charter, as well as the design of credible and effective alternatives. Considering that what is at stake are coercive military measures decided by the Security Council under Chapter VII, this becomes a decisive issue, as these measures were decided ultima ratio to maintain or restore international peace and security. Without an operational Military Staff Committee, without armed forces and without power of authority in the enforcement process, the Council is limited to approving decisions and held hostage to the options of Member-States, namely its permanent members. To ignore the urgency of a reform implies perpetuating a double paradox: on the one hand, the Security Council is required to take increasingly wider responsibility, laid down in article 24 and, in this context, in art. 42, and this body still lacks adequate military instruments; on the other hand, by correlating the reinforcement of efficiency, legitimacy and enforcement of Council decisions exclusively with the reform of its composition and work methodology, we are neglecting the fact that this change requires a reform of military instruments and of its authority within the scope of the body's multidimensional reform process. This paper begins by analyzing the enforcement mechanism established in the Charter and then addresses the issue underlying the delegation of implementing coercive military measures. Finally, the paper discusses the reform proposals, their guidelines and puts forward possible solutions.

  14. Overwhelming Force - A Persistent Concept in US Military Thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Philip Christian

    In the second brief in the series Overwhelming Force – A Persistent Concept in US Military Thinking, Philip Chr. Ulrich analyzes how the US Army reacted to the defeat in the Vietnam War. The US Army wanted to avoid operations, which might lead to a long term engagement in stability operations......, as engagement in such operations were seen as the reason for the defeat in Vietnam. The US Army also chose to exclude stability operations and counterinsurgency from its doctrines and teachings. Instead, the US Army chose to focus on conventional war, supplemented by an increasing fascination with technology...

  15. 南京军区“医云工程”运维管理模式%Operation Maintenance Management Mode of Medical Cloud Project of Nanjing Military Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛以锋; 韩雄; 唐华; 马锡坤; 陈一君; 林亚忠

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the necessity and importance of operation maintenance management mode of Medical Cloud Project, and put forward the new pattern for operation maintenance management of digital hospital under the cloud computing conditions. Method: Business structure change and challenge after introduction of cloud computing by Medical Cloud Project are analyzed and implemented. Operation maintenance management requirements under the cloud computing conditions are studied. Solutions are provided. Results:According to the operation maintenance management requirements of cloud computing, the organization structure of operation maintenance management, various operation maintenance positions and responsibilities of cloud platform, operation maintenance boundary between them are defined. Combined with the corresponding operation maintenance rules and regulations and management process, it is restricted so as to realize an efficient and standard cloud platform operation maintenance management system. Conclusion:During the advancement of Medical Cloud Project, effect of cloud computing shall be given full play to, and operation maintenance management model of cloud computing shall be established.%  目的:探讨“医云工程”运维管理的必要性和重要性,提出云计算条件下的数字化医院运维管理新模式。方法:剖析实施“医云工程”引入云计算后的业务构架改变和挑战,研究云计算条件下的运维管理需求,提出解决办法。结果:按云计算的运维管理要求,理顺运维管理组织架构,落实云平台的各个运维岗位及职责,明确彼此间的运维边界,并结合相应的运维规章制度和管理流程加以约束,从而实现高效规范的云平台运维管理体系。结论:在推进“医云工程”的过程中,要充分发挥云计算效力,必须建立云计算的运维管理模式。

  16. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 80, Number 5, September-October 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    conventional operations and then back again. 26 September-October 2000 l MILITARY REVIEW These areas are characterized by overpopulation , poverty, disease...Nations. The United Nations polynational and polylingual military forces in Korea now include personnel from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Colombia , Denmark

  17. The Effectiveness of Information Technology Simulation and Security Awareness Training on U.S Military Personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstead, Stanley K.

    2017-01-01

    In today's dynamic military environment, information technology plays a crucial role in the support of mission preparedness and operational readiness. This research examined the effectiveness of information technology security simulation and awareness training on U.S. military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan. Also, the study analyzed whether…

  18. Special Operations can make a difference in integrated conflict prevention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars H. Ehrensvärd

    on tangible operationalization of this vision and provides knowledge on how special operations can be an attractive instrument in comprehensive conflict prevention, including how the special characteristics of special operations make them suitable for supporting the non-military instruments....

  19. Development of testing metrics for military robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resendes, Raymond J.

    1993-05-01

    The use of robotics or unmanned systems offers significant benefits to the military user by enhancing mobility, logistics, material handling, command and control, reconnaissance, and protection. The evaluation and selection process for the procurement of an unmanned robotic system involves comparison of performance and physical characteristics such as operating environment, application, payloads and performance criteria. Testing an unmanned system for operation in an unstructured environment using emerging technologies, which have not yet been fully tested, presents unique challenges for the testing community. Standard metrics, test procedures, terminologies, and methodologies simplify comparison of different systems. A procedure was developed to standardize the test and evaluation process for UGVs. This procedure breaks the UGV into three components: the platform, the payload, and the command and control link. Standardized metrics were developed for these components which permit unbiased comparison of different systems. The development of these metrics and their application will be presented.

  20. Materials for power sources to meet military requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrukaitis, E. [Defence Research and Development Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    Power source requirements for the military were presented to provide guidelines for research and development planning. Power sources that contain a high amount of energy and are small, light and durable are a common request from military users. Safety, reliability and low temperature performance are also important factors in the selection of power sources, as are cost and energy efficiency. Issues concerning advanced batteries were reviewed with reference to high energy density cathode materials. Various thermoelectric and renewable energy materials were discussed, with reference to recovery and conversion of waste heat. It was suggested that photovoltaic devices could help revolutionize military logistics by modifying energy re-supply requirements. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) were considered in relation to the high price of the ceramic materials required for operation. It was noted that the development of SOFC anodes capable of generating hydrogen from liquid fuels such as methanol or ethanol is an important area for the military, as lower temperature operation reduces the heat signature of the power source. It was suggested that the high power demands of the military require energy sources that exceed the capabilities of batteries currently being fielded for portable applications. It was noted that Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are efficient, tactical energy converters. Future military applications for PEM fuel cells could include unmanned undersea vehicles and unmanned air vehicles, or as auxiliary power applications for light armoured vehicles. An overview of hydrogen production from renewable sources technologies was presented, as well as issues concerning the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. It was concluded that while there are several technological hurdles to be overcome before fuel cells are widely used in either the civilian or military sectors, they offer several attractive features. They are efficient and offer the potential for very high

  1. Implementation of a System for Physiological Status Monitoring by using Tactical Military Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goce Stevanoski

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available E-health sensors are continuing to become more advanced and more reliable in monitoring the human physiological status. There is a continuous scope for improvement in their implementation in different emergency situations. Military organisations can take an advantage of this technology for applying physiological status monitoring on personnel engaged in military operations. This implementation is driven by continuous enhancements of existing communication equipment that produces more data capable radio networks in military environment. Based on these technologies we are proposing system communication architecture for applying real-time physiological status monitoring for personnel engaged in military operations. To examine the proposed architecture, a laboratory testing was performed. The laboratory work included a definition of military communication equipment, testing the received data with custom developed algorithm based on Markov decision process for automating the medical emergency protocol (MDP-AMEP and implementation of adequate data protocols for data transmitting. Obtained results showed that physiological status of the military personnel can be successfully monitored by using tactical military network.

  2. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MODERN LOGISTICS OF MILITARY SYSTEMS/EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile ŞERBĂNESCU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The nations that achieve cyberpower will command influence in global affairs economically, culturally, militarily, and politically in the decades ahead. Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyberspace to operational concepts to accomplish military objectives and missions, and influence operations, as well as warfighting. Infotronics Technologies intertwine advanced information and electronics systems intelligence and enable autonomous business functions and objectives through the use of internet and other tether-free technologies (i.e. wireless, web,…. The modern logistics of military systems / equipment imply core technologies such as Watchdog Agent for Predictive Prognostics, Web-enabled Smart D2B (device to business, Platform and Tools for Data Transformation, Optimization, and Synchronization, Applied Wireless Technologies and Logistics Infotronics Agent (LIA. The hereby article argues that traceability, predictability and diagnosticability through advanced technologies will lead the armed forces to the life cycle logistics approach for interoperability and optimal cost of military systems / equipment.

  3. Improving combat casualty care and field medicine: focus on the military medic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lorenzo, R A

    1997-04-01

    As military medicine in general copes with a rapidly changing world environment, so too must the backbone of the medical force, the enlisted medic. To meet these challenges, the training and utilization of military medics must match new and different missions. This paper will explore innovative approaches to training and preparing for combat casualty care and field medicine. The focus will fall on the education, evaluation, operations, patient-care skills, equipment, and telemedicine potential of the military medic. Future directions for study and development will be suggested. Exploration of the following may improve the capability of the military medic: (1) improved training to include advanced-level skills and interventions for combat casualty care and broader exposure to the casualties expected in operations other than war; (2) annual educational and periodic proficiency evaluation requirements; (3) strengthened medical control at all echelons; and (4) carefully selected additional equipment and technologies to enhance medical capabilities.

  4. Special Operations - Myths and facts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars H. Ehrensvärd

    The brief addresses some of the myths, which have induced an institutional resistance at the political and military decision levels against understanding and considering special operations as a valuable strategic tool in contemporary and future conflict prevention, crisis management, and conflict...... management. The brief gives a generic overview over what special operations factually are, thus focusing on developing a broader understanding of the usefulness of special operations in the strategy of a small state....

  5. An efficient link prediction index for complex military organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Changjun; Liu, Zhong; Lu, Xin; Xiu, Baoxin; Chen, Qing

    2017-03-01

    Quality of information is crucial for decision-makers to judge the battlefield situations and design the best operation plans, however, real intelligence data are often incomplete and noisy, where missing links prediction methods and spurious links identification algorithms can be applied, if modeling the complex military organization as the complex network where nodes represent functional units and edges denote communication links. Traditional link prediction methods usually work well on homogeneous networks, but few for the heterogeneous ones. And the military network is a typical heterogeneous network, where there are different types of nodes and edges. In this paper, we proposed a combined link prediction index considering both the nodes' types effects and nodes' structural similarities, and demonstrated that it is remarkably superior to all the 25 existing similarity-based methods both in predicting missing links and identifying spurious links in a real military network data; we also investigated the algorithms' robustness under noisy environment, and found the mistaken information is more misleading than incomplete information in military areas, which is different from that in recommendation systems, and our method maintained the best performance under the condition of small noise. Since the real military network intelligence must be carefully checked at first due to its significance, and link prediction methods are just adopted to purify the network with the left latent noise, the method proposed here is applicable in real situations. In the end, as the FINC-E model, here used to describe the complex military organizations, is also suitable to many other social organizations, such as criminal networks, business organizations, etc., thus our method has its prospects in these areas for many tasks, like detecting the underground relationships between terrorists, predicting the potential business markets for decision-makers, and so on.

  6. An Assessment of the Philippine Counterinsurgency Operational Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-17

    incapacitate its politico -military building capability. Rather than concentrate in clearing villages the military should focus on thwarting the... Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon SHA Strategy of Holistic Approach SOT Special Operations Team SYP Samahang Yunit...has established influence through the organization of CPP/NPA political units. Guerrilla Front. A politico -military geographical unit of the CPP/NPA

  7. 14 CFR 65.117 - Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule. 65.117 Section 65.117 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Riggers § 65.117 Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule. In place of...

  8. 78 FR 5717 - Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Interim rule and... Suisun Bay near Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA in support of military onload and offload...

  9. Military Social Work Thinking in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian D. van Breda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Military social workers in South Africa have developed distinctive ways of thinking about military social work. These developments have been influenced by various contextual factors, such as the transition of South Africa to a non-racial democracy in 1994 and the establishment of a military social work research capacity. These factors contributed to new ways of thinking, such as the recognition that military social work has a mandate to facilitate organizational change and the adoption of a resilience perspective. A central development in military social work thinking in South Africa was the formulation of a Military Social Work Practice Model, which is described and illustrated in some detail. This model emphasizes binocular vision (focusing on the interface between soldiers and the military organization and four practice positions, derived from occupational social work theory. The author notes the importance of creating appropriate contexts that facilitate further developments in military social work theory.

  10. Transitioning from military medics to registered nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keita MD

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mohamed D Keita,1 Valerie J Diaz,1,2 Audrey P Miller,1 Maria Olenick,1 Sharon R Simon1 1Department of Undergraduate Nursing, Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, 2Operational Health Support Unit Jacksonville, United States Navy Nurse Corps, Jacksonville, FL, USA Abstract: The nursing shortage in the USA is expected to reach 260,000 registered nurses (RNs by 2025. The most profound shortages are expected in California and Florida, translating into 109,779 and 128,364 RN jobs, respectively. Despite a foreseen growth in nursing career opportunities nationwide, the supply of nurses will be insufficient to meet the corresponding demand. Capitalizing on prior education, experience, and skills of military clinical personnel to fill these jobs could significantly reduce the projected nursing shortage. Florida International University's Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences is circumventing barriers to recruit, retain, and graduate transitioning veteran medics and corpsmen as Bachelor of Science in Nursing prepared RNs who reintegrate into the civilian workforce. The Veteran Bachelor of Science in Nursing (VBSN program is in the form of a cooperative agreement between Florida International University and the US Health Resources and Services Administration. The VBSN program's main objective is to build upon the unique leadership skills, clinical education, and training of military medics and corpsmen to ensure successful completion of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing curriculum. VBSN students, as veterans themselves, have unique knowledge and exposure to the specific health issues and needs of the veteran population overall. They are poised and best prepared to effectively care for the US population, particularly the current 22 million US veterans and 1.6 million Florida veterans. Additionally, the VBSN program will alleviate the challenges, such as the lack of recognition of

  11. Air Traffic Control Capabilities: Opportunity to Utilize Automated Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Equipment on Aircraft for Military Air Traffic Control and Command and Control in Combat and Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    1 Emma, Australian in World First For Nationwide ADS-B Coverage, 1. 2 Babbitt , Automatic Dependent...Operational Use of ADS-B, 1. 10 Babbitt , Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast, 54. 11 HQ FAA/ATO, ADS-B Frequently Asked Questions, 1. 12...HQ FAA/ATO, Surveillance and Broadcast Services, 1. 13 NATO NATMC CNS Group, Draft NATO Position on ADS-B, 1-2. 14 Babbitt , Automatic Dependent

  12. Optimizing a Military Supply Chain in the Presence of Random, Non-Stationary Demands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    The challenge is to design an efficient military logistics supply chain that satisfies uncertain, non-stationary demands, while taking into account the...deployment of transportation assets and supplies at the operational level, with possible interdiction by enemy forces, We term this model, Optimal Military ... Logistics Supply Chain (OPTiMiLSC), This is a two-level, multiple time period scenario-based stochastic model OPTiMiLSC uses a combination of

  13. Utilization of simple and double control subsonic aircraft for advanced combat training of the military pilots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan STEFANESCU

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of subsonic single control aircraft and especially of double–control ones, instead of supersonic combat aircraft in the military pilot training programs in the operational units, has be-come a necessity due to the economic and financial world-wide crisis which began during the 70’s-80’s, with the advent of the oil crisis, affecting many countries, which have their own Military Air Forces.

  14. History of U.S. Military Contributions to the Study of Bacterial Zoonoses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    leptospirosis, bartonellosis, tularemia, and brucellosis and the U.S. military medical research counteroffensive. These contributions have ranged from basic...bartonellosis, tularemia, and brucellosis and the U.S. military medical research counteroffensive. These contributions have ranged from basic molecular biology...and livestock. However, the pastures adjacent to the base were used for goat and sheep herding. Bomber operations stopped in the last week of April. On

  15. Adapting short of doctrine: US military counterinsurgency in Iraq March 2004 to December 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    to thinking about and codifying low-intensity conflict doctrine. Former Army Chief of Military History John Sloan Brown notes that, “Most soldiers and...Antoine Henri de Jomini 34 John Sloan Brown , Kevlar Legions: The Transformation of the United States Army 1989-2005 (Washington, DC: US Army Center of...Andrew, J. U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine 1942-1976. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2006. Brown , John

  16. The Crisis Within: America’s Military and the Struggle Between the Overseas and Guardian Paradigms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    the chaos of America’s early months of mobilization, this training started immediately when new recruits entered basic training. All were...1–9; David R. Segal, Recruiting for Uncle Sam: Citizenship and Military Manpower Policy, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1989. 59 James...confused, even failed, military operations; initiatives to adopt the corporate practices of outsourcing and privatization; and efforts to mirror the

  17. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-28

    Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments David F. Burrelli Specialist in Military Manpower Policy Barbara Salazar Torreon...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...Recent Developments Congressional Research Service Summary The military retirement system is a noncontributory, defined benefit system that has

  18. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-12

    Military Retirement Budgeting and Costs Military retirement costs , which include all payments to current retirees and survivors, have been rising modestly...Since FY1985, the “accrual accounting ” concept has been used to budget for the costs of military retired pay. The unfunded liability resulting...from this Military Retirement Fund to current retirees. Individual retirees receive their retired pay from the Defense Finance and Accounting Service

  19. Suicide in the military environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čabarkapa Milanko M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Suicide of soldiers has its own specifics, because not only it represents the tragedy for the individuals and their family, but also has great psychological effect on social environment and military unit in which it occurs. Suicide can be caused by variety of factors, as reported in the literature. The case reviewed in this article presents multilateral determination of suicide, with particular stress on the character of each individual and social interaction of soldiers. Psychological complex of basic inferiority, low educational level, family problems, and poor integration into military unit could be considered the leading determinants of this suicide. This emphasizes the importance of certain preventive measures such as more rigorous psychological selection for specific military duty, and the education of non-commissioned officers for better recognition and understanding of pre-suicidal syndrome.

  20. Operational Use of the US Army Reserve in Foreign Disaster Relief to Support the United States Government’s Strategic Use of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    in military operations over the last two decades are foundational for the USAR’s institutional agility and flexibility. Reservists are also...Assistance and Disaster Response A Monograph by MAJ Kelly J. Pajak United States Army Reserve School of Advanced Military ...PERFORMING ORG REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Advanced Operational Arts Studies Fellowship, Advanced Military

  1. National Leadership Summit on Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    his agency in working with the military to support military families. Dr. Shah had the opportunity earlier in 2009 to visit Kenya as part of...Leadership Summit on Military Families 38 14 can cause health problems, including increasing blood pressure, making asthma and diabetes more severe, and

  2. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831.301...) RETIREMENT Credit for Service § 831.301 Military service. (a) Service of an individual who first became an... is not receiving military retired pay awarded for reasons other than (i) service-connected...

  3. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842.306... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as...' Retirement System Act of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was...

  4. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air...

  5. Truth and (self) censorship in military memoirs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleinreesink, E.; Soeters, J.M.M.L.

    2016-01-01

    It can be difficult for researchers from outside the military to gain access to the field. However, there is a rich source on the military that is readily available for every researcher: military memoirs. This source does provide some methodological challenges with regard to truth and (self)

  6. The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakov, R. Iu.

    2011-01-01

    The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

  7. 32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215... BOARD Authority/Policy for Departmental Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military... consult legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be prohibited by 18...

  8. Obesity and the US military family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R; Cohen, L Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L; McCreight, Sarah J; Bryant, Edny J; Stephens, Mark B

    2013-11-01

    This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family-several of which are proposed herein. Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

  9. Military Observers 1815-1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-16

    1345. 456>Waldo Charles Potter 1?07.Field Artillery A~s a Major, at Paris, France, student officer -At th:? Ecole Superieure de Guerra from July 22...As a Colonel. Paz , Bolivia, as military attache from Sept-emoer 1944, to /c.emoer., 1946; At Damascus, Syria as military and Army attache ’n Z94...As a Lieutenant Colonel, at Lima, Pe’u as adviser to Escuela Superior de Guerra and Direcion de Artilienia in VF46. 9125 Frank Arthur Bogart 1931

  10. Chemical Ingredients of Cordyceps militaris

    OpenAIRE

    Hur, Hyun

    2008-01-01

    Medicinal mushrooms, including Cordyceps militaris, have received attention in Korea because of their biological activities. In the fruiting body and in corpus of C. militaris, the total free amino acid content was 69.32 mg/g and 14.03 mg/g, respectively. In the fruiting body, the most abundant amino acids were lysine, glutamic acid, proline and threonine. The fruiting body was rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which comprised about 70% of the total fatty acids. The most abundant unsaturated a...

  11. Chemical Ingredients of Cordyceps militaris

    OpenAIRE

    Hur, Hyun

    2008-01-01

    Medicinal mushrooms, including Cordyceps militaris, have received attention in Korea because of their biological activities. In the fruiting body and in corpus of C. militaris, the total free amino acid content was 69.32 mg/g and 14.03 mg/g, respectively. In the fruiting body, the most abundant amino acids were lysine, glutamic acid, proline and threonine. The fruiting body was rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which comprised about 70% of the total fatty acids. The most abundant unsaturated a...

  12. China’s Military Potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Chinese strategist Sun Tzu into English . In a 1964 essay on the subject of China’s military potential General Griffith told us that: One need not labor the...discussion of China’s modernization efforts in English may be found in Joseph C. Anslemo, "China’s Military Seeks a Great Leap Forward," Aviation Week and...the general staff of the PLA. 17. Jiang Zemin, "Gaoju Deng Xiaoping Lilun Weida Qizhi, ba Jianshe you Zhongguo Tesi Zhehui Zhuyi Shiye Quanmian Tuixiang

  13. Governance, Innovation, and Information and Communications Technology for Civil-Military Interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Rochelle Guttieri

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Civilian and military participants in relief and stability operations rely upon Information and Communications Technology (ICT to collect, analyze, store, display, and share information that is critical for these civil-military interactions. This article investigates ICT innovation in these operations over time. As researchers in the sociology of technology school might predict, ICT innovation for relief and stability operations emerges in a distributed fashion, within clusters of specialty expertise that migrate across interconnected technology systems and across humanitarian and military activities. Major events such as natural disasters have punctuated the development of ICT for civil-military interactions, often driving community learning and coherence. Among the many stakeholders in the United States, the federal government in particular has played an important role in shaping the ICT ecosystem through policies and engagements. Government policies and changes in the field of action in the 1990s created imperatives for the US military in particular to collaborate with civilian agencies on ICT innovation. Civil-military information sharing gaps persist today due, in part, to institutional factors.

  14. [Cases of pyogenic iliopsoas abscesses in military men].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solov'ev, A A; Petrushin, V V; Gaĭduk, V P; Zotov, I V; Pchelkin, V A; Siniakov, V F

    2008-01-01

    Four cases of pyogenic inflammation of the iliolumbar muscle were analyzed and 3 clinical cases of this disease in military men are described. A rare case of abscess of the iliolumbar muscle complicated by secondary appendicitis is also described. A hematogenic way of infection against the background of microtraumas and hematomas with m. Iliopsoas was the main one in the patients observed that was due to specificities of military service: permanent physical activity, pustular diseases of the lower extremities. The main clinical symptom of the disease is the symptom of the iliolumbar muscle. Ultrasonic scanning is the most informative method of diagnosis among additional methods. Operative treatment of the piogenic iliopsoas abscess is the only method of treatment, the open operative interventions by the retroperitoneal access being preferred. Antibacterial therapy in the postoperative period is based on the results of inoculation of the purulent discharge from the wound. Broad spectrum antibiotics must be used due to possible anaerobic character of the purulent inflammation.

  15. Proceedings of the Military Operations Research Society Mini-Symposium on Analysis of Tactical Transportation: Progress and Challenges (TACTRAN) Held in Alexandria, Virginia on 16-17 February 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-31

    Advances are intended to follow the routes shown by the arrows. The operational concept is to use the Sidi Barrani/ Mersa Matruh axis for the main force to...push in no further than Mersa Matruh. This would be aided by a supporting attack that goes through Siwa 11-4 SCENARIO - EGYPT’S WESTERN DESERT LIBYA...RECONSTITUTION ROBJECTIVES/MISSIONS MANEUVER o so 100km SiWA TACTICS Figure 3 Oasis and feints north toward Mersa Matruh. The main purpose of this attack is to

  16. Military Legislation: Explaining Military Officers’ Writing Deficiencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    of learning and teaching , the thesis examines the reasons why an academic writing style, everyday military writing, and general writing are...academic writing skills do not enable officers to write legislative acts efficiently. Using theories of learning and teaching , the thesis examines the...76 C. NOT MY PAPER .....................................................................................77 D. LANGUAGE CULTURE

  17. Creating National Attraction: Military Intelligence Sharing Building Foreign Military Interdependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    intelligence sharing agreements drive long- term military partnerships. 6 Neil E. Harrison...well as possible leverage should one state decide to defect from the agreement. The Navy ran into problems with their endeavor to establish a sound ...the years enabled the United States and Colombia to visualize how they could cooperate for a mutually beneficial outcome regardless of their

  18. Project VALOR: design and methods of a longitudinal registry of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in combat-exposed veterans in the Afghanistan and Iraqi military theaters of operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Raymond C; Marx, Brian P; Maserejian, Nancy N; Holowka, Darren W; Gates, Margaret A; Sleeper, Lynn A; Vasterling, Jennifer J; Kang, Han K; Keane, Terence M

    2012-03-01

    Few studies have investigated the natural history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Project VALOR (Veterans' After-discharge Longitudinal Registry) was designed as a longitudinal patient registry assessing the course of combat-related PTSD among 1600 male and female Veterans who served in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Aims of the study include investigating patterns and predictors of progression or remission of PTSD and treatment utilization. The study design was based on recommendations from the Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research for longitudinal disease registries and used a pre-specified theoretical model to select the measurement domains for data collection and interpretation of forthcoming results. The registry will include 1200 male and female Veterans with a recent diagnosis of PTSD in the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) electronic medical record and a comparison group of 400 Veterans without a medical record-based PTSD diagnosis, to also allow for case-control analyses. Data are collected from administrative databases, electronic medical records, a self-administered questionnaire, and a semi-structured diagnostic telephone interview. Project VALOR is a unique and timely registry study that will evaluate the clinical course of PTSD, psychosocial correlates, and health outcomes in a carefully selected cohort of returning OEF/OIF Veterans.

  19. Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space—A vision for virtual military amputee support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashley Fisher, MA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The war in Iraq is the largest and longest sustained combat operation by the U.S. military since the Vietnam war. An estimated nearly 2 million U.S. military personnel have been deployed for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom [1]. Dr. Chuck Scoville, Col. Ret., Chief of Amputee Patient Care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, stated that as of November 2009, 937 war fighters have suffered an amputation as a result of a battle injury. The successful recovery from a traumatic injury resulting in an amputation largely depends on care from clinical providers as well as peer support.

  20. United States Strategic Doctrine and the Evolution of Military Airlift

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    and Company, 1983), p. 6?. ’Frank R. Barnett; Huqh B. Tovar ; and Richard H. Shultz, Special Operations in U.S. Strategy (Washington, D. C.: National...world, we must have the support of the C-17."𔃻 Pro jections Samuel Huntington emphasizes the importance of time management in future military...8217 - BIBLIOGRAPHY Art, Robert J.; Davis, Vincent; and Huntington, Samuel P. Reorganizing America’s Defense. Washington D. C.: Pergam-Brassey’s International

  1. Military Global Positioning System (GPS) Augmentation System (MGAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    provide an Initial Operational Capability (IOC) of a Digital Fires Network (DFN) by fiscal year 2006. APPROACH The Office of Naval Research...entered into the DoD Space Experiments Review Board (SERB) Process to compete for access to space. As a result of high rankings based upon military...The MGAS payload will be used to develop a Digital Fires Network (DFN) to provide a data link directly into GPS guided weapons through the existing

  2. Into the Eye of the Commander: Military Advisory During Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    with the ISF and help them develop their own sense of a professional military. Even after General Petraeus led the re-write of the Army Field Manual ...mission, and are echoed in the Army and Marine Corps‘ latest counterinsurgency manual .125 In 24 this way, US advisors can attain the accord as described...COIN Operations,‖ Master of Science in Defense Analysis Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, ( Monterrey , CA: NPS, December 2009), 36. 104 Thomas

  3. Personality factors underlying suicidal behavior among military youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-04-01

    Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors. One of the underlying factors in suicidal behavior is individuals' personality. The study population comprised of the Iranian Armed Forces. To recruit the sample of the research, 1659 soldiers were selected by multistage sampling. Data were collected using the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI) and NEO-Five Factor Inventory. There was a significant positive correlation (r = 0.323) between neuroticism and suicide ideation; however, significant negative correlations existed between three other personality traits --extraversion [r = -0.306], agreeableness [r = -0.227], and conscientiousness [r = -0.271] and suicidal ideation. Unlike neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness personality factors could reduce significantly (as much 14% as are predicted) levels of suicidal ideation. Based on these results, neuroticism might increase suicide, but extraversion and conscientiousness personality traits are associated with a reduced risk of suicide.

  4. Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

    2014-08-01

    Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology.

  5. Personality Factors Underlying Suicidal Behavior Among Military Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltaninejad, Abdollah; Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh; Mirsharafoddini, Hediye Sadat; Nikmorad, Alireza; Pilevarzadeh, Motahare

    2014-01-01

    Background: Suicidal behavior is one the most significant mental health problems in the military. Militaries are closed systems that operate in particular situations. Military service is associated with certain stressful conditions. On this basis, there is likely of trauma in the military environment. Measures of suicidal behavior are pathologically complex. A range of biological, psychological, social, and institutional factors are involved in the incidence and prevalence of these behaviors. Objectives: One of the underlying factors in suicidal behavior is individuals' personality. Patients and Methods: The study population comprised of the Iranian Armed Forces. To recruit the sample of the research, 1659 soldiers were selected by multistage sampling. Data were collected using the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI) and NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Results: There was a significant positive correlation (r = 0.323) between neuroticism and suicide ideation; however, significant negative correlations existed between three other personality traits --extraversion [r = -0.306], agreeableness [r = -0.227], and conscientiousness [r = -0.271] and suicidal ideation. Unlike neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness personality factors could reduce significantly (as much 14% as are predicted) levels of suicidal ideation. Conclusions: Based on these results, neuroticism might increase suicide, but extraversion and conscientiousness personality traits are associated with a reduced risk of suicide. PMID:24910793

  6. Operational Design and Irregular Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-21

    AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Joint Military Operations Department Naval War College 686 Cushing Road...need to know, 2) of the things we do know, our brains are only capable of performing an extremely small number of possible computations, and 3) we

  7. A technique for determining viable military logistics support alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hester, Jesse Stuart

    A look at today's US military will see them operating much beyond the scope of protecting and defending the United States. These operations now consist of, but are not limited to humanitarian aid, disaster relief, peace keeping, and conflict resolution. This broad spectrum of operational environments has necessitated a transformation of the individual military services to a hybrid force that is attempting to leverage the inherent and emerging capabilities and strengths of all those under the umbrella of the Department of Defense (DOD), this concept has been coined Joint Operations. Supporting Joint Operations requires a new approach to determining a viable military logistics support system. The logistics architecture for these operations has to accommodate scale, time, varied mission objectives, and imperfect information. Compounding the problem is the human in the loop (HITL) decision maker (DM) who is a necessary component for quickly assessing and planning logistics support activities. Past outcomes are not necessarily good indicators of future results, but they can provide a reasonable starting point for planning and prediction of specific needs for future requirements. Adequately forecasting the necessary logistical support structure and commodities needed for any resource intensive environment has progressed well beyond stable demand assumptions to one in which dynamic and nonlinear environments can be captured with some degree of fidelity and accuracy. While these advances are important, a holistic approach that allows exploration of the operational environment or design space does not exist to guide the military logistician in a methodical way to support military forecasting activities. To bridge this capability gap, a method called Adaptive Technique for Logistics Architecture Solutions (ATLAS) has been developed. This method provides a process that facilitates the use of techniques and tools that filter and provide relevant information to the DM. By doing

  8. MILITARY INFORMATION SYSTEMS,

    Science.gov (United States)

    upward are usually indications of how effectively the system is developing or operating. The use of computers in information systems tends to increase...computers into information systems must always begin at the lowest level of aggregation in the job hierarchy. Only those information-processing jobs

  9. PRIMUS: autonomous driving robot for military applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Ingo

    2000-07-01

    This article describes the government experimental program PRIMUS (PRogram of Intelligent Mobile Unmanned Systems) and the achieved results of phase C demonstrated in summer 1999 on a military prooving ground. In this program there shall be shown the autonomous driving on an unmanned robot in open terrain. The most possible degree of autonomy shall be reached with today's technology to get a platform for different missions. The goal is to release the soldier from high dangerous tasks, to increase the performance and to come to a reduction of personnel and costs with unmanned systems. In phase C of the program two small tracked vehicles (Digitized Wiesel 2, airtransportable by CH53) are used. One as a robot vehicle the other as a command & control system. The Wiesel 2 is configured as a drive by wire-system and therefore well suited for the adaption of control computers. The autonomous detection and avoidance of obstacles in unknown, not cooperative environment is the main task. For navigation and orientation a sensor package is integrated. To detect obstacles the scene in the driving corridor of the robot is scanned 4 times per second by a 3D- Range image camera (LADAR). The measured 3D-range image is converted into a 2D-obstacle map and used as input for calculation of an obstacle free path. The combination of local navigation (obstacle avoidance) and global navigation leads to a collission free driving in open terrain to a predefined goal point with a velocity of up to 25km/h. A contour tracker with a TV-camera as sensor is also implemented which allows to follow contours (e.g. edge of a meadow) or to drive on paved or unpaved roads with a velocity up to 50km/h. In addition to these autonomous driving modes the operator in the command & control station can drive the robot by remote control. All the functions were successfully demonstrated in the summer 1999 on a military prooving ground. During a mission example the robot vehicle covered a distance of several

  10. Military Review: SOF/LIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    capability. By modernizing the significantly demonstrated that when SEAL delivery vehicles and swimmer life sup- SOF and conventionalforces are port systems...has a d Imt pupose amd 1987 and January 1988 editions) states that the wquuw .d,,C cofre military role in LIC is indirect and supports the image ofi

  11. Military Influence in Russian Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    sindrom 41-go." Novoe vremya, No. 8 (February volunteers over conscripts, and the Navy 1991); Maj. Gen. V.G. Strekozov, "Zakony ob oborone i statuse...for the military was 35 per of servicemen had such "backward" cent ( down from 44 per cent in political view•.iii One tends to agree December, 1989

  12. 'Military Thinkers and Academic Thinkers'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugegaard, Rikke

    Culture analysis seems to create friction when we try to introduce academic concepts relating to culture to military planners. This friction might be related to the fact that officers and academics do their thinking in different 'spaces'. This paper argues the interface or overlapping space between...

  13. The Caltech Political Military Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munger, E. S.; And Others

    The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

  14. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military History Journal, No. 3, March 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    important significant for the development of Soviet military art. The overall plan of Hq SHC in conducting the operation proceded from the...Air Army under operational sub- ordination to the 65th Army (commander, Col Gen P.I. Batov). In takinng the crossing such a decision, he proceded

  15. The Political-Military Exercise as a Teaching Device in Political Science: A Handbook. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coward, H. Roberts

    Procedures for the operation of the Political-Military Exercise (PME) are detailed in this handbook as a means of involving political science students in the actual dynamics of international policy-making decisions through the PME game experience. Two basic designs for operating the simulation exercise are presented with a discussion of the format…

  16. Coalition Modeling in Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Generally, the high cost of military operations, reduced military budgets after the cold war, global economies, and the need for international legitimacy...addition, there has been a global increase in civil/ethnic strife which cause complex emergency (Lynch: 4). Furthermore, since these emergencies generally...notional scenario has been scaled back for demonstration purposes. These scenarios are solved using Xpress by Dash Optimization which is a commercial

  17. Effects of deployment on health behaviours in military forces: A review of longitudinal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Pietrzak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Earlier studies indicating that operational deployment affects health behaviours among military personnel and veterans generally lacked final conclusiveness due to cross-sectional or retrospective design. Aim: The aim of this study is to review longitudinal studies investigating whether military service, in particular operational deployment, affects health behaviours, specifically alcohol misuse, smoking, eating disorders and obesity. Methods: A MEDLINE database search was performed, using relevant keywords and MESH terms. The US Millennium Cohort study website was used to obtain the list of relevant publications. Only studies with prospective longitudinal cohort design, conducted on military or veteran populations of developed countries serving after the Vietnam War and investigating health behaviours and health markers such as excessive drinking, smoking, disordered eating and body weight were included. Results: Six studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria, three that resulted from the US Millennium Cohort study and three that investigated other military populations. Deployment with combat exposure was the most significant factor affecting health behaviours of military personnel. Excessive drinking among US military personnel increased significantly in those deployed that were exposed to combat, especially among Reserve and National Guard members and in the youngest age groups, but was not affected by deployment without combat exposure. Among British military personnel, total alcohol consumption increased with time, was higher for those deployed compared to non-deployed, and highest in those who experienced war related stress. Smoking in the US military increased among those deployed, particularly among those with prolonged and multiple deployments or with combat exposure. Among British military personnel, smoking rates declined. Body weight increased for the majority of US military personnel, but disordered eating was reported

  18. Evaluating Military Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    sergeant will most closely match those of civilian operations research analysts, or management specialists in human resources , training, or labor...and J. Michael Gilmore . Victoria Liu, Allison Percy, Matthew Schmit, and Jason Wheelock contributed to the analysis. Nabeel Alsalam provided data on...civilian workers, and Cary Elliott provided data on federal civilian employees. Tho- mas DeLeire, Robert Dennis, Arlene Holen, Sarah Jennings, and

  19. Managing Military Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    average of the length of time between entry to joining the fleet), the relative seniority of personnel ( measured as the proportional billets in each pay...band), and the relative sea-centricity ( measured as the propor- tion of full-duty billets that are sea-duty). A 2016 study of Navy enlisted personnel...likely to be taken for granted or assumed away despite ample historical evidence of the human and operational costs imposed by such an error . As budgets

  20. Survey of Military Pyrotechnics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-24

    activities at Group d’Etudes et Reserches de Pyrotechnie (GERPy) has concerned the degradation of munitions due to their ageing. For a number of years...Shells in 4th International Conference of the "Groupe de Travail de Pyrotechnie " supported by Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales at La Grande- 𔄀.otte...France, 5-9 June 1989; Association Francaise de Pyrotechnie : Paris, pp 121-126. 65. Commercial Operators Seek to Counter Growing Heat-Seekina Missile