WorldWideScience

Sample records for opera

  1. Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿让

    2007-01-01

    Do you like Beijing Opera? Beijing Opera-Peking Opera has existed for over 200 years. It is widely regarded as the highest expression of the Chinese culture. It is known as one of the three main theatrical systems in the world. Artistically, Beijing Opera is perhaps the most refined form of opera in the world. It has deeply influenced the hearts of the Chinese people. Although it is called Beijing Opera, its origins are not in Beijing but in the Chinese provinces of Anhui and Hubei. Beijing Opera got its...

  2. Traditional Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Beijing Chinese Opera School, founded in 1952, has fostered a multitude of gifted performers of traditional opera over the past 40-odd years. Famous virtuosos of Beijing opera, Mei Lanfang, Shang Xiaoyun and Xun Huisheng, have exhibited great concern for the school and have joined in providing instruction. Madame Sun Yumin, president of this

  3. OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Komatsu, M

    2003-01-01

    OPERA is an accelerator experiment designed to explore Super- Kamiokande suggested nu//mu arrow left right nu//tau oscillation region in CNGS beam from CERN to LNGS. The key technique in OPERA is modern emulsion read out which applied to CHORUS and DONUT experiments. ECC technique which used in DONUT and OPERA has good modularity to enlarge apparatus for future Neutrino Factory experiments.

  4. Opera Lux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Projection mapping performance at The Norwegian Opera, Oslo. Produced in cooperation with Oslo School of Architecture & Design and The Arts Council Norway.......Projection mapping performance at The Norwegian Opera, Oslo. Produced in cooperation with Oslo School of Architecture & Design and The Arts Council Norway....

  5. Opera Lux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Projection mapping performance at The Norwegian Opera, Oslo. Produced in cooperation with Oslo School of Architecture & Design and The Arts Council Norway.......Projection mapping performance at The Norwegian Opera, Oslo. Produced in cooperation with Oslo School of Architecture & Design and The Arts Council Norway....

  6. Shaanxi Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    SHAANXI opera is one of fourmajor traditional operas inChina.It originated in the area of to-day’s Shaanxi Province during theQin and Han dynasties(2nd centuryB.C.-A.D.2nd century),was fullydeveloped in the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644)and became most po-pular in the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911).The music and singingof Shaanxi opera can be vigorousand deep,solemn and tragic,sono-rous and indignant,or sentimental

  7. Tibetan Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    TIBETAN Opera is a compre-hensive art incorporating liter-ature,folk songs,dances andmonologues.It is well-liked by Tibe-tans in Tibet,Sichuan,qinghai andYunnan.It is dirrerent from other typesof operas in that it is usually performedimpromptu without curtains or evena stage;some of its performers wearmasks;they sing while dancing;itstunes are always high-pitched and fullof variations;the movements of thedances are light and smooth;and vocalaccompaniment is often given to theperformer on the stage,creating a live-ly atmosphere.It is said that in the

  8. OPERA's overture

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    When neutrinos interact, they mainly produce one muon and a shower of hadrons. Here we see two interactions in the heart of the OPERA detector: one in the steel plates of the first magnet (left), the other in the target's scintillation counters (right). OPERA's opening score has been played at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy, and it's in perfect harmony with the melody of the CNGS neutrino beam from CERN, 730 kilometres away. OPERA's overture was played on 18 August 2006, when the first tracks, corresponding to interactions with CNGS neutrinos, were recorded in its detectors. To the great satisfaction of the teams on both of the Alps, the quality of the CNGS beam is fully in line with expectations, as are the first tracks observed by OPERA, which records data with hardly any down time. Over a five-day period, a little over 300 interactions correlated with the CNGS beam were identified, just as predicted. During this first run it has been possible to verify the correct operation of the electronic detector...

  9. OPERA HIGHLIGHTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Strauss

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The OPERA experiment is a long baseline neutrino oscillation  experiment aimed at observing the νμ → ντ neutrino oscillation in the CERN neutrino to Gran Sasso beamline in the appearance mode by detecting the τ-decay. Here I will summarize the results from the run years 2008–10 with an update on observed rare decay topologies and the results of the neutrino velocity measurements.

  10. A Feast Of Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU LINTAO

    2010-01-01

    @@ The 2010 Opera Festival of the National Center for the Performing Arts(NCPA)is to kick off soon.Starting on April 15,the festival will present 12 operas including both Western classics and original Chinese productions.It will start with an original opera Xi Shi and end with the Chinese national opera Sun Snow on July 3.

  11. About Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Beijing opera, developed in Beijing, is one of more than 300 kinds of local operas in China. Beijing opera was born during the reign of Emperor Qianlong (1736-1795). In 1790, an opera troupe named Sanqing from south China’s Anhui Province was ordered to perform for Emperor Qianlong on his birthday.

  12. Henan Yuju Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    YUJU opera, or Henan clapper opera, is an important branch of China's clapper operas performed to the accompaniment of clappers (similar to "spoons" in Western folk music). Popular mainly in Henan Province, as well as part of Shandong, Hebei, Anhui, Jiangsu and Hubei provinces. The earliest record of Yuju opera is in Volume Seven of the Jixian County Annals, the Local Conditions and Customs, written in 1745, the 10th year of Qianlong, Qing Dynasty

  13. Yihuang Opera of Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    JIANGXI Province hosts many mountains and rivers. Wherever you stroll on the winding mountain passes or sail along rivers, you will hear a kind of local opera similar to the sounds of Beijing opera. That is Yihuang opera. In fact, Jiangxi is considered a birth-place of Chinese opera. Opera was at its

  14. Opera Literature: A Citation Count.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weimer, Shelia

    This study examines the needs of scholars who study opera, including what materials they use, how often they cite foreign language materials, and what kinds of operas are studied most frequently. A citation analysis was performed on "Cambridge Opera Journal,""Opera Quarterly," and "Opera Journal." Results are…

  15. Lawyers in opera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høedt-Rasmussen, Inger; Nielsen, Lise-Lotte

    2014-01-01

    For centuries lawyers, broadly understood as judges, notaries, legal officials and private practicing lawyers, have played important roles in society and been members of a strong profession possessing privileges. Also in operas, from the Italian Commedia dell’arte, ‘Il dottore’, to recent lawyer...... figures, judges, notaries, lawyers, courtrooms, prisons and legal cultures are exposed. These conditions have influenced the reputation of lawyers. This article contributes with reflections about lawyers’ identity through a fruitful inspiring collaboration between an opera singer and a legal scholar...... the world of law and the world of opera and compares the construction of lawyer identities in society with different lawyer roles in opera....

  16. Opera as Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Scott L.

    2009-01-01

    There is a long history of debate over what opera is. Since it's more or less formal beginning in the sixteenth century as a reconstruction of ancient drama, opera as an art form has been controversial. The received understanding--emphasized by the genre's founders and in periodic efforts at reforming the standards of composition and…

  17. Opera as Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Scott L.

    2009-01-01

    There is a long history of debate over what opera is. Since it's more or less formal beginning in the sixteenth century as a reconstruction of ancient drama, opera as an art form has been controversial. The received understanding--emphasized by the genre's founders and in periodic efforts at reforming the standards of composition and…

  18. Peking Opera on Canvas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MaXiaoling

    2003-01-01

    For a whole week this spring, Tokyo International Conference Center in the famous district of Yurakucho, Japan's Broadway, became an unusual sort of Peking opera house. The exquisite sentiments of many famous arias of Peking opera were illustrated in oil paintings shown in the exhibition “Beauty of Color”.

  19. Havkatten i opera-hyttefadet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigtved, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Programatikel til Den Kongelige Operas opsætning af George Gershwins Porgy & Bess, med særligt fokus på dens placering i krydsfeltet mellem opera og musical.......Programatikel til Den Kongelige Operas opsætning af George Gershwins Porgy & Bess, med særligt fokus på dens placering i krydsfeltet mellem opera og musical....

  20. Western Opera in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    “ALTHOUGH the road islong and leads far,I’llsearch hard for truth.″Ithink these lines by Qu Yuan(c.340-278 B.C.)are most appropriatein describing Western opera inChina.Opera originated from musicaldrama in Italy.From Dafne by Flo-rentine composer Jacopo Peri in1597,opera has a history of nearly400 years,if we do not count folk,church or court music and danceor song dramas in Europe.Afterspreading from Italy to Austria,France,Germany,Britain,northernEuropean countries and Russia,op-era has developed many national

  1. A Tibetan Opera Master

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG YIXUAN

    2007-01-01

    @@ At nine o'clock on the morning of January 19, 2007,bright sunshine covers Quzong, a village in Rinbung County in Tibet's Gyangze Prefecture. Ci Ren, 79, leaves home after having buttered tea. He is going to visit Pian Duo, head of the village's Jiang Ga Er Tibetan Opera Troupe, to discuss borrowing costumes from the county's opera troupe. They plan to perform Tibetan Opera for the villagers for two days. For Ci Ren and his fellow performers, offering theatrical performance has been a routine activity to usher in the Tibetan New Year.

  2. Touching base with OPERA

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Three seminars – at CERN, at Gran Sasso and in Japan – and an article calling for the scrutiny of the scientific community: the OPERA Collaboration opened its research publicly. In addition to huge press coverage, this triggered welcome reactions from colleagues around the world, many of whom will attempt to independently interpret and reproduce the measurement. OPERA’s Spokesperson touches base with the Bulletin.   The CERN Main Auditorium was crowded as OPERA Physics co-ordinator Dario Autiero presented the results of their research (23 September 2011). According to the OPERA strategy, the results of the measurements are in the hands of the scientific community and, as for any other scientific result, several months will be needed before other groups will be able to perform an independent measurement. In the meantime, the OPERA Collaboration is dealing with an avalanche of emails from the scientific community, members of the general public, and the press. &...

  3. OPERA goes on camera

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    OPERA, the experiment which uses the neutrino beam of CERN’s CNGS facility, has delivered its first neutrino "photos". The core of the detector has been commissioned and has produced images of events resulting from neutrino collisions. The reconstruction of the core (a few cubic millimetres!) of a neutrino interaction at OPERA. The neutrino arriving from the left of the image has interacted with the lead of a brick, producing various particles identifiable by their tracks visible in the emulsion.The snapshot is tiny but it was greeted with enthusiasm by the physicists of OPERA. On 2 October, for the first time, the experiment at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy "photographed" an event produced by the beam of neutrinos sent from CERN, 732 kilometres away. One of the 60,000 photosensitive bricks already installed at the heart of the experiment had produced its first particle track. The commissioning of the OPERA experiment began la...

  4. The OPERA Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Iovane, G

    1998-01-01

    OPERA(Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus) is a new detector concept, iron(lead)-emulsion for a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. This experiment would perform an appearance search for nu_mu-nu_tau oscillation in the parameter region indicated by the atmospheric neutrino anomaly. OPERA can run at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in the proposed NGS (Neutrino to Gran Sasso) Beam from CERN.

  5. Opera til folket? - Den Jyske Opera 70 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2017-01-01

    Introduktion til Den Jyske Operas 70 års jubilæumsforestilling og programnoter til samtlige numre.......Introduktion til Den Jyske Operas 70 års jubilæumsforestilling og programnoter til samtlige numre....

  6. Opera til folket? - Den Jyske Opera 70 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2017-01-01

    Introduktion til Den Jyske Operas 70 års jubilæumsforestilling og programnoter til samtlige numre.......Introduktion til Den Jyske Operas 70 års jubilæumsforestilling og programnoter til samtlige numre....

  7. Backstage at OPERA

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    In the latest in our series of articles on the neutrino beam to Gran Sasso we turn the spotlight this week onto the two experiments under construction at the Gran Sasso Laboratory - OPERA and ICARUS. In March 2003, installation of the OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion tRacking Apparatus) detector began in Hall C of the INFN's Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy. The OPERA-CNGS1 Collaboration comprises 170 physicists from 35 research institutes and universities worldwide. It is expected that the complete detector will be ready to receive the CNGS neutrino beam and start data acquisition in August 2006. This article gives an overview of the OPERA experiment. The OPERA experiment aims to clear up the mystery of neutrino oscillation. But what are more precisely its objectives ? When cosmic rays interact in the atmosphere, two kinds of neutrino - muon-neutrinos and electron-neutrinos - are produced. In theory there should be twice as many muon-neutrinos as electron-neutrinos, but experiments find too few of the...

  8. Presenting Opera to College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Marganne

    1993-01-01

    Describes a college level course in opera for nonmusic education students. Contends that students benefited from the enriching experience of the course. Includes a list of 10 operas recommended for an introductory course. (CFR)

  9. Presenting Opera to College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Marganne

    1993-01-01

    Describes a college level course in opera for nonmusic education students. Contends that students benefited from the enriching experience of the course. Includes a list of 10 operas recommended for an introductory course. (CFR)

  10. The Threepenny Opera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigtved, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The article investigates how the theories of Bertolt Brecht mainly about the reflection an audiences is supposed undertake during a performance, coincides with the actual situation of experience, using a historical analysis of the opening night of the Threepenny Opera as the case.......The article investigates how the theories of Bertolt Brecht mainly about the reflection an audiences is supposed undertake during a performance, coincides with the actual situation of experience, using a historical analysis of the opening night of the Threepenny Opera as the case....

  11. Nanjing Peking Opera Troupe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Nanjins Peking OPeraTroupe was established in 1962.Its backbone members are graduates of the Nanjing Opera School Jiangsu Theatrical School and China Theatrical School.With its daring spirit of exploration and innovation in its artistic skills,the troupe has perfonnde not only a group.of excellent programs of traditional pieces like Orphan of Ms Zhao,Resignation of Hainui,Match Maker,Legend of White Snake and Yu Tangchun,but also adapted and composed a new repertoire including such high quality iperas as A Fire Set on the Residence of East Lord,Girl,Who Do Love Major General

  12. Bravo! Neurology at the opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Brandy R

    2010-01-01

    Opera is a complex musical form that reflects the complexity of the human condition and the human brain. This article presents an introduction to the portrayal of medical professionals in opera, including one neurologist, as well as two characters in whom neurological disease contributes to the action of the musical drama. Consideration is also given to the neuroanatomy and neuropathology of opera singers with further speculation regarding the neural underpinnings of the passion of opera's audience.

  13. Unique Peking Opera Facial Makeup

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WuWei

    2004-01-01

    You may have seen conventional painted faces of Peking opera characters, but have you ever seen side-faced, double-faced, long-faced or even transmogrified Peking opera masks? A tour to Guan Zhizhong's Studio of Novelty and Antiquity next to the Forbidden City will lead you to a charming world of Peking opera masks.

  14. Birthplace of the Shaoxing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    SHENGZHOU is the birthplace of Shaoxing opera (Yueju opera), the second most important Chinese local opera. Located east of Zhejiang, Shengzhou (the State of Yue in ancient times) is a small city of 730,000 people, It is surrounded by mountains and the Shanxi Stream zigzags through the city. The origin

  15. Opera and neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorusso, Lorenzo; Franchini, Antonia Francesca; Porro, Alessandro

    2015-01-01

    Opera is the most complete form of theatrical representation, characterized by musical accompaniment, both instrumental and vocal. It has played an important role in sociocultural spheres, affecting the various social strata and reflecting customs and ideas in different centuries. Composers have created pieces that have also shown the development of medicine. Since the birth of opera in seventeenth century in Italy, neuroscience has played an important role in influencing the representation of madness and neurological aspects. From the Folly of the Renaissance, a path toward a representation of madness was developed, initially linked to the myths of classical antiquity. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, madness was represented as comical or funny, of a loving nature and influenced by the spread of the Commedia dell'Arte (Comedy of Art). In the nineteenth century, with the rise of the first scientific theories of the mind, insanity took more precise connotations and was separated from other psychiatric and neurological diseases. The operas of the twentieth century depicted psychiatric and neurological diseases, taking into account newer medical and scientific discoveries.

  16. Shaoxing Opera Performs from Its Birthplace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    As an influential local Chinese opera, the Shaoxing opera is quite popular, In September 1996. it celebrated its 90th season in Shengzhou City Zhejiang the birthplace of the Shaoxing opera Both professional Shaoxing opera troupes from various parts of China and more than 2000 local folk Shaoxing Opera artists took part in the celebration

  17. Opera: A Natural Component of Italian Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Keith

    1998-01-01

    Presents ideas for a special unit about opera that can be used in high school or college Italian courses. Offers a rationale for using opera, discusses opera in terms of multiple intelligences, explains the integration of an opera unit into regular curriculum, and describes how to develop an opera unit and what concepts to teach. (SM)

  18. Opera: A Natural Component of Italian Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Keith

    1998-01-01

    Presents ideas for a special unit about opera that can be used in high school or college Italian courses. Offers a rationale for using opera, discusses opera in terms of multiple intelligences, explains the integration of an opera unit into regular curriculum, and describes how to develop an opera unit and what concepts to teach. (SM)

  19. The Art of Peking Opera Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE splendidly colourful costumes and accessories of Peking Opera are an important part of the artistic aesthetic of this national treasure. As the quintessence of Chinese culture, Peking opera occupies the top place among 360 other traditional operas. Peking opera, with a history of 200 years, covers all the important events of the nation's long history and has absorbed the essence of other traditional operas. The leaps in the development of Peking opera costumes and

  20. The OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Pessard, H

    2001-01-01

    Following the Super-Kamiokande findings on atmospheric neutrinos, accelerator neutrinos have started to be exploited to confirm the indication for neutrino oscillations and perform more complete measurements of the mass differences and mixing parameters. In Europe, the long baseline beam CERN Neutrino to Gran Sasso CNGS is aimed at direct appearance searches of nu /sub mu / to nu /sub tau /. The OPERA experiment in Gran sasso will use photographic emulsions in a large hybrid detector to point at nu , interactions coming from the CNGS beam in a "zero background" approach. The principles of the experiment and its projected performances are described. (12 refs).

  1. Standardization in Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2012-01-01

    Beijing Opera is the treasure of Chinese traditional dramatic arts.More than 200 years of artistic practice is the process that makes it mature and standardized.Although it is not described by standardized academic terminologies,all the performances of 'Chang (Singing)','Nian(Speaking)','Zuo (Acting)' and 'Da (Fighting)' have been following standardization requirement which is called "Chengshi (pattem)" in professional language or "Fan'er" in jargou,literally meaning a standard pattern.The pattern is the an technology format which is refined and summarized in accordance with the beautify principles from natural forms of things in life and then standardized to be the commonly adhered.

  2. Opera in the Italian Language Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Salvatore

    1989-01-01

    Describes class activities for incorporating and teaching about opera into the Italian language instruction classroom, focusing on the enhancement of cultural knowledge and understanding that opera offers. (CB)

  3. Opera in the Italian Language Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Salvatore

    1989-01-01

    Describes class activities for incorporating and teaching about opera into the Italian language instruction classroom, focusing on the enhancement of cultural knowledge and understanding that opera offers. (CB)

  4. Xinjiang’s Quzi Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    CHINESE traditional operasare an important form of artin China’s national culture.Their variety of dramatic genresprovides rich and artistic charm,For a number of reasons.manylocal operas have recently lost theirpopularity, but not one opera,calledQuzi,in the most northwestern partof Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Re-gion.

  5. Design Your Own Opera!... Online!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardo, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how to design an opera on the internet and introduces a site that offers the educational keys to the musical kingdom when it comes to unlocking a child's interest in opera. The combination of attractive, animated artwork, fun interactivity, and sound musical learning make this site very useful in a general music classroom.…

  6. Design Your Own Opera!... Online!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardo, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses how to design an opera on the internet and introduces a site that offers the educational keys to the musical kingdom when it comes to unlocking a child's interest in opera. The combination of attractive, animated artwork, fun interactivity, and sound musical learning make this site very useful in a general music classroom.…

  7. The Magical Place Called Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raplenovich, Kay

    1996-01-01

    Create Your Own is a month-long artist residency that introduces children to opera as a method of spinning a tale rather than as elitist, high-brow art. Students create their own opera company and are involved in every stage of the process from writing the story and music to building the set and making the costumes. (TD)

  8. Beijing Opera Still Attracts Attention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    BEIJING Opera is regarded as China’s national treasure which has been closely connected with the former imperial capital from its beginning to modem times. Today Beijing is flooded with TV dramas, films, popular music and other fads, but the traditional Beijing opera still occupies a seat at the cultural table because of its pure artistry.

  9. OPERA: Electronic Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Jollet, C

    2010-01-01

    OPERA is an hybrid detector for the ni-tau appearance search in a direct way, and the Electronic Detectors (ED) have the crucial role of triggerring for the neutrino events and of localizing such an interaction inside the target. Another very important task of the ED is to identify the muon since only a correct matching of such a track with a track in the emulsion connected to the vertex of the event allows to reduce the charm background to the desired level. The ED, fully working since 2006, consist of a target tracker (scintillator strips) and a spectrometer (RPC and drift tubes). The different sub-detectors are de- scribed in the poster, as well as their performance both on Monte Carlo (MC) and real data.

  10. Three Young Kun Opera Performers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    KUN opera has a history of 5,000 years. It is a classic opera, famous for its festive singing and dancing. It boasts an extensive literature. In thousands of librettos, it has adapted the essence of different types of Chinese poems,and songs. The more than 4,000 Kun songs include ancient Chinese music, religious, folk, ethnic and foreign music. It combines singing, dancing, acrobatics, wushu, pantomime and many other forms of

  11. Finnish Play Becomes Chinese Local Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    IN the fall of 1992 an unusualpremiere took place in Xi′an:Totisesti totisesti,adapted from aFinnish stage play,was performed asan opera in Chinese by the HuaOpera Troupe,a part of the ShaanxiOpera Research Institute.Ms.InkeriKilpinen,the playwright,and Ms.Leena Laulajainen,vice-chairman ofFinland Writers′Association,cameto see the performance.Hua opera,also known as“Wanwan Opera,”is one of the localforms of opera in Shaanxi Province.It was originally performed in theform of shadow play,and was for-

  12. Institute for the Art of Peking Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    CHANG’AN Grand Theater,locatedon the eastern side of Chang’an Avenue,is regarded as the place toperform traditional Chinese operas.1998’s demonstration performance wasgiven there by excellent youngpostgraduate performers of Peking opera.

  13. Enlightenment Christianity, History and Opera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2010-01-01

    Historisk præsentation af Kunzens og Baggesens opera "Erik Eiegod", litterært og musikalsk med vægt på balancen mellem oplysningsideologi og kristendomsforståelse i Baggesens libretto og på Kunzens musikalske underbygning heraf. Udgivelsesdato: 2010......Historisk præsentation af Kunzens og Baggesens opera "Erik Eiegod", litterært og musikalsk med vægt på balancen mellem oplysningsideologi og kristendomsforståelse i Baggesens libretto og på Kunzens musikalske underbygning heraf. Udgivelsesdato: 2010...

  14. Shaoxing Opera Celebra tes 90 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    THE Shaoxing opera originated in Shengzhou City (previously Shengxian County), Zhejiang Province, In its 90-year history, with its exquisite performance, sweet song and graceful style, the, Shaoxing opera has won a large audience. Today, it has developed into the second most important Chinese local opera. Shaoxing Opera’s Early Days Shengzhou, the birthplace of the Shaoxing opera, is an ancient city with a history, of

  15. Chondo's LOVE AFFAIR ON TIBETAN OPERA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Qara Village of Nechung Town in Tohlung Dechen County is famed as the"Art Town of Tibetan Opera". Whenever people talk of Jomulung-an active Tibetan opera troupe,including its history and future prosperity, they always give great credit to Chonda,a woman from Qara Village and leader of the opera troupe.

  16. Prompting Strategies for Introducing Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Charles R.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how to introduce opera to students through the use of prompting strategies. Explains that these strategies encourage active participation by students and help to improve listening skills. Focuses on prompting strategies, such as matching characters to songs, identifying, and sequencing songs. (CMK)

  17. Peking Opera at Laoshe Teahouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    LAOSHE Teahouse. located southwest of the Arrow Tower in Beijing, brings back memories of the past. The teahouse is decorated by palace lamps winding corridors along the walls and traditional black hardwood tables and chairs. This is a place to listen lo Peking opera while sipping scented tea and soaking in an atmosphere of

  18. Prompting Strategies for Introducing Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Charles R.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how to introduce opera to students through the use of prompting strategies. Explains that these strategies encourage active participation by students and help to improve listening skills. Focuses on prompting strategies, such as matching characters to songs, identifying, and sequencing songs. (CMK)

  19. Beijing Museum of Traditional Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    THE 100th museum to open in Beijing, the Beijing Museum of Traditional Opera is located inside the Beijing Huguang Guildhall Chamber of Cultural Prosperity and Ancestral Hall of the Local Worthy.The museum’s various exhibits have distinctively artistic

  20. Xodoin Festival and Tibetan Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    LATE summer and early autumnare golded seasons on the Ti-betan Plateau.Xodoin Festival.a major holiday featuring Tibetan op-era performances,is celebrated annual-ly by the Tibetan nationality.Duringthe festival people go on outings,orwatch theatrical performances.Xodoinmeans butter picnic in the Tibetanlanguage.Originally it was not a Tibe-tan opera festival,but a part of Tibe-tan lamaism.Tibetan-Buddhist tem-ples had a rule that during a certainperiod in summer monks must stayindoors and study.Only after thatperiod were they allowed to go out fora rest.At that time Buddhist followers.especially farmers and herders in sub-urban areas,took well-prepared butter

  1. Health: the soap opera version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, C

    1993-01-01

    Watching soap opera is a favorite pastime of millions of Egyptians. Since the spring of 1992, the soap opera "The Family House" has reached audiences with messages on AIDS, drugs, child spacing, home accidents, and hygiene. The shows are the brainchild of the Director of the Center for Development Communication (CDC) in Egypt, Dr. El Kamel; the shows capture the novel and unique concept of both the communication of information and entertainment. Between 1983 and 1990, the CDC has been creating 130 short soap opera episodes on subjects such as the prevention of dehydration from diarrhea and the use of oral rehydration salt (ORS) packets to save children's lives. The ORS episodes were 15 minutes in length and showed the dramatic tension between a baby suffering from diarrhea and the mother's helping to overcome the difficulty. Surveys conducted in 1983 and 1986 on knowledge, attitudes, and practices found that in 1986 98% knew about ORS and 70% had used it compared with 3% knowledge and 50% practice in 1983. "The Family House" will be similar but expand on the number of issues considered and will pretest audience knowledge, attitudes, and practice before and after airing on specific issues. This soap opera also will be the first to be a daily series with an unending story. "The main character is Amina, who is an artisan in her late 40s who raised 4 children by herself." The series of 45-minute long shows will depict urban and rural settings and everyday Egyptian culture: language, clothing, life styles, and moral standards. Distribution is anticipated for other Arabic countries in Africa and the Middle East, which already air many Egyptian television series.

  2. Peking Opera Takes a Bow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The admission of this art form to the UNESCO Heritage List will boost protection of this national treasure PEKING Opera was recently inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.The decision was made during the fifth session of UNESCO’s Inter-governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage held at the end of last year in Nairobi,Kenya. At the session,the committee examined 47 nominations from 29

  3. Tiger Boy Learns Peking Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Twelve-year-old Yang Ming looks as strong and dignified as a young tiger, which happens to be the year of the Chinese zodiac that he was born under. In 1996, his mother sent little Yang Ming to the Jingshan Children’s Palace to learn Peking Opera, hoping that training in the acrobatic fighting would strengthen his frail body. To everyone’s

  4. Study of status improvement of Huangmei Opera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laimin Zhang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Huangmei Opera was a local genre of drama. Through more than a hundred years of evolution, it has become a full-scale drama in China with influence spreading to Southeast Asia region. The rapid status improvement of Huangmei Opera is thought-provoking. The development of Huangmei Opera can provide reference methods and ideas for continuous development of other folk music forms. This thesis aims to explore the development path of Huangmei Opera. It will demonstrate the factors which helped Huangmei Opera rapidly become a major genre of drama with influence all over the country from a small-scale local musical drama. Furthermore, this thesis will also offer advice and suggestions for the future development of Huangmei Opera.

  5. Foreign Dramas Transformed into Chinese Operas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    SEVENTY years ago,in 1922,Shakespeare′s famous dramaThe Merchant of Venice wasadapted for Peking opera and per-formed by the noted Peking operaactor Xia Keshan.This was the firstforeign drama put on the Chinesestage in local opera formIn the eighteenth and nine-teenth centuries the Yuan DynastyOpera The Orphan of the Zhal Family

  6. Multimeediaetendus : Opera Gets Plugged / Eve Arpo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arpo, Eve

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia lühiooperite õhtul "Opera Gets Plugged" etendunud lavastustest - Monika Mattieseni "DMeeter" ja Age Hirve "Tuleloitsija": Mõlema lavastaja ja projektijuht Liis Kolle

  7. Multimeediaetendus : Opera Gets Plugged / Eve Arpo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arpo, Eve

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia lühiooperite õhtul "Opera Gets Plugged" etendunud lavastustest - Monika Mattieseni "DMeeter" ja Age Hirve "Tuleloitsija": Mõlema lavastaja ja projektijuht Liis Kolle

  8. Performances of the OPERA RPCs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergnoli, A.; Bertolin, A.; Brugnera, R. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); Candela, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (Italy); Carrara, E.; Castellani, L. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); Cazes, A.; Corradi, G. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy); Dal Corso, F. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); D' Incecco, M.; Di Giovanni, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (Italy); Dusini, S. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); Felici, G. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy); Garfagnini, A. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); Gustavino, C.; Lindozzi, M. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (Italy); Longhin, A. [Padova University and INFN, Padova (Italy); Mengucci, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy); Paoloni, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy)], E-mail: alessandro.paoloni@lnf.infn.it; Papalino, G. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy)] (and others)

    2009-05-01

    OPERA is a dedicated experiment for the observation of {nu}{sub {mu}} into {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations through {tau} appearance using a 730 km long baseline {nu}{sub {mu}} beam from CERN to the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. The detector is equipped with two spectrometers for muon identification and charm background rejection. Bakelite RPCs are used as inner trackers inside the iron magnet of the spectrometers. The experiment has already performed two short runs in 2006 and 2007. Results about the RPC performances are presented.

  9. Opera subculture and suicide for honor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stack, Steven

    2002-06-01

    The influence of music-based subcultures on suicidality has been the subject of much debate but little scholarly research. While previous work has documented that suicide is a remarkably frequent cause of death in opera, it has not explored the related consequences on opera's audience. In particular, the possible influence of the opera subculture on suicide acceptability has been largely unexplored. Suicide in the case of life without honor, the "Madame Butterfly Effect," is a theme in opera. Persons who are drawn into and/or influenced by the opera subculture of honor are hypothesized to be more accepting of suicide in the case of dishonor to one's family. Data are from the national general social surveys (N = 845). A multivariate logistic regression analysis finds that opera fans are 2.37 times more accepting of suicide because of dishonor than nonfans. Only two variables, religiosity and education, are more closely related to suicide acceptability than opera fanship. These are the first empirical results on the subject of opera and suicide acceptability.

  10. An Opera Opportunity: Butterfly in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Jeri

    1992-01-01

    This article describes a program of the Lyric Opera Company of Chicago (Illinois) that brought opera to the classroom of students with deafness in grades three through six. The four-session program explored vocabulary, music, story-telling, and Japanese culture and culminated in a student production of "Madame Butterfly." (JDD)

  11. Why College Students Watch Soap Operas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, Myles P.; Powell, Jon T.

    A survey of 549 college students investigated the size and motivation of the campus audience for soap operas. About half the student population (40% of the women and 10% of the men) claimed to watch the daytime serials. Most of the women viewing the soap operas watched two or three serials per week, with 83.3% following at least two regularly, and…

  12. Soap Opera Viewing: The Cultivation Effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buerkel-Rothfuss, Nancy L.; Mayes, Sandra

    1981-01-01

    Examines the relationship between exposure to soap operas and perceptions about people and events in real life. Concludes that exposure to soap operas was found to relate to college students' perception of the numbers of professionals (lawyers, doctors, business people) and problems (divorce, illegitimacy, abortions, crimes, etc.) in real life.…

  13. Beijing Opera Facial Masks As Wall Hangings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    In Beijing opera. and many other traditional operas, the jing roles. or warriors, usually have their faces painted in colorful designs to represent various elements of their character. Each color has its own meaning. Red stands for loyalty and bravery: black for courage and honesty. and white is the color of deceitfulness.

  14. The First Foreign Clawn in Sichuan Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    SICHUAN opera, popular in Sichuan,Yunnan and Parts of Guizhou provinces,originated from Emperor Yongzheng’s regime in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) by the combination of kunqiang-(melodies which originated in Kunqiang (melodies which originated in Kunshan,Jiangsu Province in the Ming Dynasty),gaoqiang (a kind of rhyme scheme of Chinese opera) and luantan (a

  15. "CHEM"opera for Chemistry Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yong Hee

    2013-01-01

    "CHEM"opera is an opera blended with demonstrations of chemical reactions. It has been produced and performed twice by chemistry undergraduate students at Hallym University in South Korea. It aims to demonstrate interesting chemical reactions to chemistry students, children and the public and to facilitate their understanding of the role…

  16. "CHEM"opera for Chemistry Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yong Hee

    2013-01-01

    "CHEM"opera is an opera blended with demonstrations of chemical reactions. It has been produced and performed twice by chemistry undergraduate students at Hallym University in South Korea. It aims to demonstrate interesting chemical reactions to chemistry students, children and the public and to facilitate their understanding of the role…

  17. Soap Opera Viewing: The Cultivation Effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buerkel-Rothfuss, Nancy L.; Mayes, Sandra

    1981-01-01

    Examines the relationship between exposure to soap operas and perceptions about people and events in real life. Concludes that exposure to soap operas was found to relate to college students' perception of the numbers of professionals (lawyers, doctors, business people) and problems (divorce, illegitimacy, abortions, crimes, etc.) in real life.…

  18. Video Verdi: Preparing for an Opera Telecast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hostetter, Sarah

    1979-01-01

    Provides specific suggestions to music teachers on preparing their students to view an opera broadcast on television, including use of other teachers or community personnel to provide background information. Approaches are outlined for introducing students to an opera's plot, music, design, costumes, makeup, lighting, and staging. (SJL)

  19. Chinese Liyuan Opera Troupe in France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HaoZhongwei

    2004-01-01

    The China Fujian Liyuan Opera Troupe visited France from October 16 to 21, 2003 and staged a special performance at the Theatre of the City of Paris(Theatre de la Ville de Paris) on October 20. The performance was one of the major items on the list of opera shows during the “China Culture Year” held in France. The plan to send a Chinese local opera troupe to take part in the “China Culture Year” was worked out jointly by the CPAFFC and Pierre-Jean de San Bartolome, cultural attache of the French Embassy in China.

  20. The Phantom of the OPERA: Superluminal Neutrinos

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Bo-Qiang

    2011-01-01

    This report presents a brief review on the experimental measurements of the muon neutrino velocities from the OPERA, Fermilab and MINOS experiments and that of the (anti)-electron neutrino velocities from the supernova SN1987a, and consequently on the theoretical aspects to attribute the data as signals for superluminality of neutrinos. Different scenarios on how to understand and treat the background fields in the standard model extension frameworks are pointed out. Challenges on interpreting the OPERA result as a signal of neutrino superluminality are briefly reviewed and discussed. It is also pointed out that a covariant scenario of Lorentz violation can avoid the refutation on the OPERA experiment.

  1. En opera uden gehør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Algreen-Ussing, Gregers

    2001-01-01

    Kritik af den store operas indvirkning på miljøet - VVM - som ikke bekymrer Hovedstadens Udviklingsråd til trods for at såvel trafik som bebyggelsesgrad berøres afgørende.......Kritik af den store operas indvirkning på miljøet - VVM - som ikke bekymrer Hovedstadens Udviklingsråd til trods for at såvel trafik som bebyggelsesgrad berøres afgørende....

  2. How I Ended Up in Peking Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    Icame to Beijing two years agoana six months later joined theopera sclool.I am now on aBritish Council exchange-programscholarship and hope to study Pe-king opera for another year and ahalf.I first came into contact withPeking opera when I was studyingmime in Paris in 1989 and chancedon a performance by a famousxiaosheng actor who was in France ontour.That kind of happening wasquite rare in Europe at the time.

  3. Four centuries of suicide in opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridmore, Saxby A; Auchincloss, Stephane; Soh, Nerissa L; Walter, Garry J

    2013-12-16

    To describe the depiction of completed suicide, non-fatal suicidal acts and suicidal thought in Western opera over the past four centuries. Examination of synopses all of the operas listed in a recent monograph covering a selection of operas written in the period 1607-2006. Frequency of completed suicides, non-fatal suicidal acts and suicidal thoughts over the entire 400-year period and in separate 100-year periods (1607-1706, 1707-1806, 1807-1906 and 1907-2006); circumstances of suicides; sex of the suicidal characters; and, for completed suicide, the method. There were 337 operas in total. In 112 (33%), there was completed suicide alone, non-fatal suicidal acts or suicidal thoughts alone, or both. There was at least one suicide in 74 operas (22%); female characters accounted for 56% of these. Non-fatal suicidal acts or suicidal thoughts were found in 48 operas (14%); male characters accounted for 57% of these. Suicide, non-fatal acts and suicidal thoughts always followed an undesirable event or situation. Cutting or stabbing was the most common method of suicide (26 cases). Other methods included poisoning (15 cases), drowning (10 cases), hanging (four cases), asphyxiation (four cases), "supernatural" methods (four cases), immolation (three cases), jumping from a height (two cases), shooting (one) and blunt trauma (one). Mass suicide occurred on two occasions. Over several centuries in opera, suicide has been frequently represented as an option when characters have been faced with a distressing event or situation. Historical fluctuations in the frequency of suicidal behaviour in opera may be explained by changes in attitudes towards suicide and its conceptualisation.

  4. Recent results from the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    del Amo Sanchez, P

    2013-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino experiment recently nished data-taking, its recorded sample compris- ing 18 : 0 10 19 POT delivered by the CERN CNGS beam from 2008 to 2012. The goal of the OPERA experiment is to establish ! oscillations in appearance mode by observing the leptons produced in Charged Current interactions. Here we report on the status of the data analysis, and describe, in particular, two ! candidate events. Results on ! e oscillations are also presented.

  5. Perspectives of Opera Singer Training and Education through an Examination of Collegiate-Level Opera Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Carleen Ray

    2009-01-01

    The publication and exchange of pedagogical information on opera singer training has traditionally been anecdotal and not derived from empirical investigation. There appears to be a lack of communication or understanding between the educators who train aspiring opera singers and others who work with them in professional performing environments…

  6. Perspectives of Opera Singer Training and Education through an Examination of Collegiate-Level Opera Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Carleen Ray

    2009-01-01

    The publication and exchange of pedagogical information on opera singer training has traditionally been anecdotal and not derived from empirical investigation. There appears to be a lack of communication or understanding between the educators who train aspiring opera singers and others who work with them in professional performing environments…

  7. Mei Lanfang Gold Medal Competition Promotes Peking Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE recent Mei Lanfang Gold Medal Competi-tion revealed the high artistic levels of contem-porary Peking opera performers.It was a bigevent in Peking opera and came on the heels of per-formances,two years ago,commemorating the 200thanniversary of the first performance of Anhui opera inBeijing.That first performance led to What later devel-oped into Peing opera.The success of the competitionshould be attributed to the participation of the manyartists and the tens of thousands of Peking opera lovers.It constitutes the newest chapter in the development ofChina’s Peking opera.

  8. From cosmic OPERA to neutrino ballet

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    View of the OPERA detector (on the CNGS facility) with its two identical Super Modules, each of which contains one target section and one spectrometer.As the CNGS (CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso) project prepares to send its high intensity neutrino beam, some 730 km away in Italy, the OPERA collaboration is beginning to commission its electronic detectors in the underground Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS). OPERA is ready to come on stage. Based in the INFN Gran Sasso National Laboratory, 732 km from CERN, the experiment will commission its electronic detectors with the high intensity neutrino beam sent by CNGS (see Bulletin n°29-30/2006). The OPERA Collaboration, which comprises 170 physicists from 35 research institutes and universities worldwide, aims to clear up the mystery of neutrino oscillation. The installation of the OPERA detector began in 2003 in Hall C of the underground laboratory at the LNGS. The detector is made of two identical Super Modules, each one containing one target section and ...

  9. The OPERA experiment at Gran Sasso

    CERN Document Server

    Cocco, A G

    2000-01-01

    OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus) is a long-baseline experiment to search for vμ → vτ oscillations in the Gran Sasso laboratory. It will study the interactions of 20 GeV neutrinos produced at CERN to search for neutrino flavour oscillation over a distance of about 730 Km. The OPERA detector is designed to unambiguously observe the appearance of vτ in a pure vμ beam. The detector is based on a massive lead/nuclear emulsion target. Nuclear emulsions are exploited for the direct observation of the decay of the τ lepton, produced in vτ charged-current interactions. The discovery potential of OPERA is ultimately due to a very low background level and could therefore play a decisive role in the clarification of the experimental scenario.

  10. Recent Results from the OPERA Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesneau, D.

    The OPERA experiment has been designed to perform the first detection of neutrino oscillations in the νμ → ντ channel in direct appearance mode, through the event by event detection of the tau lepton produced in ντ charged current interactions. OPERA is a hybrid detector, made of emulsion/lead target elements and of electronic detectors, placed in the CNGS muon neutrino beam from CERN to Gran Sasso, 730 km away from the source. Neutrino interactions from the CNGS neutrino runs were recorded from 2008 until the end of 2012. We report on the data sample analysed so far and give the latest OPERA results on νμ → ντ and νμ → νe oscillation searches.

  11. Opera Classic Gets a Happy Ending

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Chinese composer writes a new score for the last 18 minutes of Puccini’s Turandot It has long been the wishes of many clas- sical opera fans and sopranos alike that the heroine of Italian composer Giacomo Puccini’s classic Turandot,Princess Turandot,had her own aria.And now that wish has just come true.In the new edi- tion of the opera presented by the National Center for the Performing Arts (NCPA) of China in March,the princess sang a beauti- ful and moving aria,named The First Tears, transforming herself in the process from a cold-hearted woman with infinite power into an ordinary girl falling in love with Prince Calaf,the hero of the opera.

  12. OPERA neutrino oscillation search: Status and perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gornushkin, Yu.

    2016-07-01

    OPERA is a long-baseline neutrino experiment at the Gran Sasso laboratory (LNGS) designed to search for ν_{{μ}}^{} → ν_{{τ}}^{} oscillations in a direct appearance mode on an event by event basis. OPERA took data in 2008-2012 with the CNGS neutrino beam from CERN. The data analysis is ongoing, with the goal of establishing ν_{{τ}}^{} appearance with a high significance. Complementary studies of the ν_{{μ}}^{} → ν_{{e}}^{} oscillations and atmospheric muons fluxes were performed as well. Current results of the experiment are presented and perspectives discussed.

  13. Peking Opera Figure Sculpture:An Emerging Design Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    As I entered Original Workshop located in Wuqing Development Zone in Tianjin, a coastal city adjacent to Beijing, I was immediately impressed by vivid Peking opera figure sculptures exhibited on the display stand. 60 extremely lifelike figure sculptures depicting classic roles in Peking opera unfolded before me the history of Peking opera in a graphic, realistic manner.

  14. Student Motives for Watching Soap Operas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babrow, Austin S.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a study of 301 undergraduates which was designed to determine their motives for watching soap operas. Responses to a questionnaire were analyzed to determine perceived gratifications and consequences of viewing. Convergence of motives was studied, and the diversity of motives and resultant implications for subgroup analyses were also…

  15. Peking Opera Hits UNESCO Heritage List

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU XIAOYAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Peking Opera was recently inscribed on UNESCO's Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The decision was made during the fifth session of UNESCO's Inter-governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage meeting on November 16 in Nairobi, Kenya.

  16. Zhang Jiqing,Flower of Kun Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    KUN oper,named for KunMountain in Suzhou,Jiang-su Province,goes back atleast 500 years.It is not only one ofthe most charming of Chinese trad-itional operas but also one with thehighest historicd value.Developedout of Kun Mountain tunes,it is

  17. A Narratological Approach to a Baroque Opera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen er en analyse af nogle narratologiske aspekter i Francesco Cavalli og Giovanni Faustinis opera "La Calisto" (1651). I analysen modstilles tekstens opbygning på det fortaltes niveau med de forskydninger og ironiske twists som det udsigelsesmæssige afstedkommer....

  18. [Production of accentuated personality traits in baroque opera : Opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (1749)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, J; Hirsch, T; Steger, F

    2016-05-01

    Madness served primarily as a form of amusement for the spectators in operas of the seventeenth century. This representation was far removed from clinical reality. This circumstance changed in the eighteenth century at the time when tragic madness emerged in numerous operas. The opera buffa Arcifanfano-Re dei matti (Arcifanfano-King of fools, premiered in 1749 in Venice, text by Carlo Goldoni 1707-1793 and music by Baldassare Galuppi 1706-1785), which continuously enacts a realm of fools and is meant to appear amusing, is riddled with psychopathological abnormalities for which a retrospective diagnosis is methodologically rejected. However, the opera presents many subjects for working out a typology of fools based on outlasting personality traits of the protagonists. The libretto is investigated. A musical analysis is spared. The conceptualized typology of fools in the opera, which is oriented towards the seven main vices or deadly sins serves, in the tradition of moral satire, to critically hold up a mirror to the audience to reflect their own vices by an amusing characterization of the latter. Historically classified, the treatment of fools by means of isolation, custody, locking up in cages as well as authoritarian measures of submission reflects the custom in those days before humanizing the treatment of people with mental illness in the course of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. The opera Arcifanfano is essentially characterized by continuous madness. A typology of the fools can be worked out from the precise depiction of the personalities. A mirror is held up to the spectators in terms of vices, in the tradition of the contemporary baroque opera. At the same time, the opera can be classified psychiatrically and historically as a seismograph of its time when in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries people with mental illness were isolated and incarcerated.

  19. Opera and madness: Britten's Peter Grimes--a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durà-Vilà, G; Bentley, D

    2009-12-01

    In this paper, Britten's opera Peter Grimes (1945) is used as an illustrative case study through which to examine the depiction of psychiatric disorders in opera. It is argued that Peter Grimes is a powerful example of how opera, in the hands of a great composer, can become an invaluable tool for examining subjective human experience. After a brief discussion of opera as a vehicle to express emotions, various operas are drawn upon to provide a historical perspective and to demonstrate the long interconnection existing between opera and madness. An in-depth analysis of Peter Grimes, its background and central character, is then provided, in order to demonstrate how opera can elicit empathy for individuals affected by mental health problems.

  20. OPERA and a Neutrino Dark Energy Model

    CERN Document Server

    Ciuffoli, Emilio; Liu, Jie; Zhang, Xinmin

    2011-01-01

    We consider a flavor-independent coupling of the neutrino and Higgs fields to a simple scalar field with and without a small Galileon coupling. The standard coupling of the scalar field to the stress tensor of the Earth automatically leads to a nontrivial radial profile for the scalar which in turn yields a terrestrial neutrino v-c far above its value in interstellar space, so as to be simultaneously compatible OPERA, MINOS and SN1987A data upon fitting a single parameter. As in any model which simultaneously explains OPERA data, agrees with LEP's synchrotron bound on Lorentz-violating electron couplings and possesses the flavor-independence required by neutrino oscillations at KamLAND, the bare lepton coupling (in this case to the Higgs and scalar) needs to be fine-tuned to cancel one-loop corrections arising from the neutrino sector.

  1. Chinese Peking Opera Troupe Visits France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Municipal Government of Marmande, France and the Festival de Sylvanes, a Chinese Peking Opera troupe, drawn mainly from the National Academy of Chinese Theatre Arts and sent by the CPAFFC,visited France from August 19 to 31 to introduce the quintessence of Chinese culture through their performances.An additional purpose was to promote exchanges between the two countries in theatrical arts and culture,thus enhancing mutual

  2. OPERA: Objective Prism Enhanced Reduction Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Universidad Complutense de Madrid Astrophysics Research Group

    2015-09-01

    OPERA (Objective Prism Enhanced Reduction Algorithms) automatically analyzes astronomical images using the objective-prism (OP) technique to register thousands of low resolution spectra in large areas. It detects objects in an image, extracts one-dimensional spectra, and identifies the emission line feature. The main advantages of this method are: 1) to avoid subjectivity inherent to visual inspection used in past studies; and 2) the ability to obtain physical parameters without follow-up spectroscopy.

  3. The OPERA hypothesis: assumptions and clarifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Aniruddh D

    2012-04-01

    Recent research suggests that musical training enhances the neural encoding of speech. Why would musical training have this effect? The OPERA hypothesis proposes an answer on the basis of the idea that musical training demands greater precision in certain aspects of auditory processing than does ordinary speech perception. This paper presents two assumptions underlying this idea, as well as two clarifications, and suggests directions for future research.

  4. Flower-drum Opera Krom Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE opening scene of anyflower-drum opera is usuallynoisy,colorful and visuallyexciting.The performers make theirentrance in single to the accom-paniment of drums and gongs-with the women standing gracefullyon the shoulders of the men.While the group moves around the stage,singing.the women make patternsin the air by waving silk fans and large.embroidered handkerchiefs intime to the music.

  5. Young Kunqu Opera Singer is Rising Star

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangJun

    2004-01-01

    It is not rare nowadays to find teenage performers on stage, but I was still quite surprised to see a fourteen-year-old performing Chinese kunqu opera so maturely. Last December, Shan Wen, a trainee of the Jiangsu Provincial Kunqu Theatre, gave a superb performance of the kunqu classic "Peony Pavilion", winning the first prize for the youth group at the First National "Red Plum" Theatre Competition.

  6. The neutrino interaction analysis chain in OPERA

    CERN Document Server

    Rescigno, Regina

    Th e aim of the OPERA experiment i s to provide a “smoking - gun” proof of neutrino oscillation s, through the detecti on of the appearance signal of ν τ ’s in an initially pure ν μ beam. The beam is produced at CERN, 732 Km fa r from the detector , which is located underground in t he Gran Sasso laboratory. The evidence of the appearance signal will be provided by the detection of the daughter particles produced in the decay of the τ lepton. A micro - metric spatial resolution is needed in order to measure a nd study the topology of the ν τ - induced events. With this goal, n uclear emulsions, the highest resolution tracking detector , were chosen to be the core of the OPERA apparatus. The analysis of the large amount of nuclear emulsions used in the OPERA experime n t has required the development of a new generation of fast automatic mi croscopes , featuring a scanning speed more than one order of magnitude hi g h er than in p...

  7. Acoustics of Italian Historical Opera Houses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prodi, Nicola; Pompoli, Roberto; Martellotta, Francesco; Sato, Shin-ichi

    2015-08-01

    Opera houses represent a large group of performance spaces characterized by great complexity and, at the same time, versatility with respect to different usage (from opera to symphonic music and ballet). This kind of building originated in Italy during the 17th century and later spread across the country and then Europe and the rest of the world, slowly evolving into modern theatre shapes. As a consequence of the changes undergone by the interior space, the original acoustic features, which likely influenced many composers, experienced important variations. Thanks to acoustic measurement campaigns inside Italian Historical Opera Houses, promoted by National and Regional Projects, the distinctive features of these spaces were investigated in comparison to modern spaces. In this work, the newly acquired data are merged with data in the literature in order to present and discuss some of the distinctive acoustic features of historical spaces as regards their original function. Moreover, specific issues such as listening in stalls and boxes and the criteria governing the preference judgment of listeners are considered. The concept and the crucial role of the balance between stage and pit sources are also discussed by means of previous literature studies.

  8. Don Giovanni Goes to Prison: Teaching Opera behind Bars

    OpenAIRE

    Pierpaolo Polzonetti

    2016-01-01

    Teaching opera in prison presents challenges, such as limits imposed on printed and recorded material to study it, or the audio-visual technology in the classroom space, yet, no other experience can be so inspiring and rewarding for everybody involved. This essay focuses on teaching opera, in particular Mozart’s Don Giovanni, to imprisoned students in America. It addresses pedagogical challenges on how to teach opera in prison and advocates for the need to leave the ivory tower of academia an...

  9. Traditional Peking Opera Theater vs.ModernExperimental Dramatist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Zheng Yi Ci Theater-the oldest traditional Peking Opera theater in Beijing-will launch its 2011 Drama Season on November 23 in order to celebrate the 100th show of Peking Opera Mei Lanfang Classics and the 300h anniversary of the theater.The Drama Season,sponsored by Xinhuayaji International Cultural Transmission Co.Ltd.,will present a series of traditional Chinese operas and modem dramas in Beiiing's oldest temple theater.

  10. Where Have All the Aidas Gone? The Crisis in Opera Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Conrad L.

    1979-01-01

    The author criticizes the institutons of opera education by delineating the inadequate performance skills often found in their graduates. He makes suggestions for change in opera training systems and professional standards. Part of a theme issue on opera. (SJL)

  11. Where Have All the Aidas Gone? The Crisis in Opera Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Conrad L.

    1979-01-01

    The author criticizes the institutons of opera education by delineating the inadequate performance skills often found in their graduates. He makes suggestions for change in opera training systems and professional standards. Part of a theme issue on opera. (SJL)

  12. Two orients in Rudolf Bruci's opera Gilgamesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radović Branka

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The theme of this article is the ancient Orient as imagined by the Serbian composer Rudolf Bruci (1917-2002. The finale of his monumental opera Gilgamesh (1986; libretto by Arsa Milošević, makes display of heterogeneous musical material based on different oriental scales. The modernity of the opera is affirmed through the usage of varied techniques of 20th century composition. It is hard to explain why Bruci introduced the well-known medieval church melody "Ninja sili nebesniye" ("Now the celestial powers" into the finale of his opera. The melody was signed by kir Stephan the Serb and has been preserved in a 15th century manuscript. The quotation of "Ninja sili" in the finale of Gilgamesh could be interpreted as an attempt at bridging the many centuries that divide the ancient times that gave birth to the Assyrian myth and our contemporary world, by making reference to the heritage of medieval Serbia when that state was a part of the Byzantine world stretching from the middle East to the Balkans. That compositional gesture of Rudolf Bruci seems to have the meaning of questioning the historical and cultural place and identity of the Serbs through the centuries. If that is correctly interpreted, the composer thus gave his own contribution to the often discussed question of the Serbian belonging to both the East and the West. The "two Orients" in the title of the article are an allusion to the pagan and the Christian Orients, but they can also provoke a discussion of the contemporary divisions between the East and the West.

  13. Physiologic and Acoustic Effects of Opera Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, Paul E; Stasney, C Richard; Hathway, Jeremy R; Guffey, Danielle; Minard, Charles G; Ongkasuwan, Julina

    2017-01-01

    Opera performance is physiological and emotional, and singing performers utilize their larynges in often strenuous ways. Historically, the training of a classical voice has been considered the paragon of healthy singing. However, the natural history of a performing larynx has not been studied systematically. There is paucity of scientific studies to guide practice patterns, particularly with regard to the course and extent of post-performance physiologic and acoustic changes. A prospective case series was carried out. Principal singers in the Houston Grand Opera's 2012-2013 repertory were enlisted, for a total of seven singers. Stroboscopy was performed prior to the start of rehearsals, and at the completion of the opera's run. Data points included erythema, edema, masses or lesions, mucosal waveform, supraglottic posture; acoustic measurements were also performed. There were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) in the mucosal wave on pre- and postperformance stroboscopic examinations. Acoustical measures did not achieve statistical significance, but there was a trend toward increased harmonic-to-noise ratio in postperformance measures, as well as decreased frequency range and reading F0. Measures of intra- and inter-rater reliability indicated varying levels of intra-rater reliability, and generally poor inter-rater reliability. This pilot study describes physiologic and acoustic changes that may occur over the course of a series of rehearsals and performances in the operatic larynx. In so doing, it highlights a need for larger studies with increased frequency of serial examinations to study in a systematized way what may be natural reactive changes that occur during performance. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Nargen Opera esimene festivalisuvi / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste asutatud Nargen Opera avas 15. juunil Naissaarel oma esimese suure festivalisuve Veljo Tormise "Eesti naiste lauludega" (etendused 16., 17., 19-22. juunil), Nargen Festivali kontsertidest: "Merelaulud", Marko Matvere 4. juulil Viimsi mõisa õues, 8.-10. aug. Naissaarel, 14., 15. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis, "Õhtud Jaan Tättega" 6., 9. juulil Reiu jõekäärus, "Vastutuulelaev" 22, 23, 26-30. juulil Naissaarel, "Õhtud Arvo Pärdiga" 3., 4. aug. Naissaarel, Joseph Haydni ooper "Üksik saar" 16., 17. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis (info: www.nargenopera.ee)

  15. Nargen Opera esimene festivalisuvi / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste asutatud Nargen Opera avas 15. juunil Naissaarel oma esimese suure festivalisuve Veljo Tormise "Eesti naiste lauludega" (etendused 16., 17., 19-22. juunil), Nargen Festivali kontsertidest: "Merelaulud", Marko Matvere 4. juulil Viimsi mõisa õues, 8.-10. aug. Naissaarel, 14., 15. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis, "Õhtud Jaan Tättega" 6., 9. juulil Reiu jõekäärus, "Vastutuulelaev" 22, 23, 26-30. juulil Naissaarel, "Õhtud Arvo Pärdiga" 3., 4. aug. Naissaarel, Joseph Haydni ooper "Üksik saar" 16., 17. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis (info: www.nargenopera.ee)

  16. The RPC system of the OPERA experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertolin, A.; Brugnera, R. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Candela, A. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (Italy); Cararra, E.; Castellani, L. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Cazes, A.; Corradi, G. [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN, Frascati (Italy); Dal Corso, F. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); D' Incecco, M.; Di Giovanni, A. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (Italy); Dusini, S. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)], E-mail: stefano.dusini@pd.infn.it; Felici, G. [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN, Frascati (Italy); Garfagnini, A. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Gustavino, C.; Lindozzi, A. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (Italy); Lippi, I.; Longhin, A. [INFN and Padova University, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Mengucci, A.; Paoloni, A. [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN, Frascati (Italy); Papalino, G. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute (IRB), Zagreb (Croatia)] (and others)

    2009-05-01

    The OPERA experiment is designed to study the {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {tau}} oscillation observing the {nu}{sub {tau}} appearance in a pure {nu}{sub {mu}} beam over a base line of 732 km from CERN to Gran Sasso Laboratory. The apparatus consists of a lead/emulsion-film target complemented by electronic detectors and muon spectrometers for muon charge and momentum measurements. The tracking inside the magnets is provide by Bakelite RPC chambers in a large scale application. The commissioning of the RPC system ended in August 2006. The paper present the layout of the RPC system and its performances.

  17. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  18. The Soap Opera: A Crash Course for Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machalow, Robert

    Noting that daytime television serials have been used to teach a variety of subjects, including writing and language skills, this paper reviews literature on the nature of soap operas so that instructors can use them more effectively. Following an introduction citing studies on the educational uses of soap operas, the paper explores the following…

  19. Nargen Opera toob vaataja ette uue eesti kammerooperi / Priit Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Priit

    2006-01-01

    20. apr. esietendub Von Krahli Teatris Peeter Jalaka lavastuses Tõnu Kõrvitsa kammerooper "Mu luiged, mu mõtted", mille aluseks on luuletaja Marie Heibergi saatus. Libreto autor on Maarja Kangro. Kammerooper tuleb lavale Von Krahli Teatri ja Nargen Opera koostöös. Esitavad Kädy Plaas, Helen Lokuta, Nargen Opera koor ja Tallinna Kammerorkester, dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste

  20. Looking Back at Orpheus: Opera and Cultural Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Patricia Anne

    2013-01-01

    The myth of Orpheus is intricately implicated in the origin of song. For centuries, myth and music have cooperated in a variety of genres, foremost among them in opera. The myth, open to reinterpretation across linguistic, national, and temporal boundaries, served as a starting point for an extracurricular opera project in the metropolitan region…

  1. Nargen Opera toob vaataja ette uue eesti kammerooperi / Priit Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Priit

    2006-01-01

    20. apr. esietendub Von Krahli Teatris Peeter Jalaka lavastuses Tõnu Kõrvitsa kammerooper "Mu luiged, mu mõtted", mille aluseks on luuletaja Marie Heibergi saatus. Libreto autor on Maarja Kangro. Kammerooper tuleb lavale Von Krahli Teatri ja Nargen Opera koostöös. Esitavad Kädy Plaas, Helen Lokuta, Nargen Opera koor ja Tallinna Kammerorkester, dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste

  2. Introduction to Opera: A Guide for the Instructor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrold, Rebecca

    A guide for teaching the essential musical elements of opera to undergraduate students is provided. The course centers around "The Marriage of Figaro" by Mozart. It is presented in four sections. In section I, students investigate type casting of opera singers in terms of the ranges of their voices. Students learn to differentiate coloratura,…

  3. Looking Back at Orpheus: Opera and Cultural Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Patricia Anne

    2013-01-01

    The myth of Orpheus is intricately implicated in the origin of song. For centuries, myth and music have cooperated in a variety of genres, foremost among them in opera. The myth, open to reinterpretation across linguistic, national, and temporal boundaries, served as a starting point for an extracurricular opera project in the metropolitan region…

  4. The acoustics of the Amsterdam Opera House 'Het Muziektheater'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, P.A. de; Luxemburg, L.C.J. van; Muchall, R.C.

    1996-01-01

    The first opera house ever to be built in the Netherlands opened its doors on 26 Septem-ber 1986. Erected in the heart of old Am-sterdam, the building houses the Dutch Op-era Company, the National Ballet and the Ballet Orchestra. The design and planning of the building has an interesting history. Th

  5. Acoustical study of classical Peking Opera singing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundberg, Johan; Gu, Lide; Huang, Qiang; Huang, Ping

    2012-03-01

    Acoustic characteristics of classical opera singing differ considerably between the Western and the Chinese cultures. Singers in the classical Peking opera tradition specialize on one out of a limited number of standard roles. Audio and electroglottograph signals were recorded for four performers of the Old Man role and three performers of the Colorful Face role. Recordings were made of the singers' speech and when they sang recitatives and songs from their roles. Sound pressure level, fundamental frequency, and spectrum characteristics were analyzed. Histograms showing the distribution of fundamental frequency showed marked peaks for the songs, suggesting a scale tone structure. Some of the intervals between these peaks were similar to those used in Western music. Vibrato rate was about 3.5Hz, that is, considerably slower than in Western classical singing. Spectra of vibrato-free tones contained unbroken series of harmonic partials sometimes reaching up to 17 000Hz. Long-term-average spectrum (LTAS) curves showed no trace of a singer's formant cluster. However, the Colorful Face role singers' LTAS showed a marked peak near 3300Hz, somewhat similar to that found in Western pop music singers. The mean LTAS spectrum slope between 700 and 6000Hz decreased by about 0.2dB/octave per dB of equivalent sound level.

  6. Loudness and pitch of Kunqu opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Li; Sundberg, Johan; Kong, Jiangping

    2014-01-01

    Equivalent sound level (Leq), sound pressure level (SPL), and fundamental frequency (F0) are analyzed in each of five Kunqu Opera roles, Young girl and Young woman, Young man, Old man, and Colorful face. Their pitch ranges are similar to those of some western opera singers (alto, alto, tenor, baritone, and baritone, respectively). Differences among tasks, conditions (stage speech, singing, and reading lyrics), singers, and roles are examined. For all singers, Leq of stage speech and singing were considerably higher than that of conversational speech. Interrole differences of Leq among tasks and singers were larger than the intrarole differences. For most roles, time domain variation of SPL differed between roles both in singing and stage speech. In singing, as compared with stage speech, SPL distribution was more concentrated and variation of SPL with time was smaller. With regard to gender and age, male roles had higher mean Leq and lower average F0, MF0, as compared with female roles. Female singers showed a wider F0 distribution for singing than for stage speech, whereas the opposite was true for male singers. The Leq of stage speech was higher than in singing for young personages. Younger female personages showed higher Leq, whereas older male personages had higher Leq. The roles performed with higher Leq tended to be sung at a lower MF0.

  7. Violations of Lorentz invariance in the neutrino sector after OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maccione, Luca [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Liberati, Stefano [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sezione de Trieste (Italy); Mattingly, David M. [New Hampshire Univ., Durham (United States). Dept. of Physics

    2011-10-15

    The OPERA collaboration has recently reported that neutrinos travel faster than light. We review the theoretical situation of constraints on violations of Lorentz invariance, focusing in particular on the compatibility between the OPERA results with both previous constraints and recently obtained ones. We generalize to higher order operators the recent constraint provided by the absence of neutrino energy loss, via electron-positron pair production at OPERA energies, and show that no modi ed in vacuo dispersion relation within an effective field theory context is compatible with OPERA results. We conclude that the OPERA result is incompatible with current observations, at least without resorting to models beyond effective field theory, possibly with local environmental effects. (orig.)

  8. Particles identification using nuclear emulsion in OPERA; Identification des particules par les emulsions nucleaires dans OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manai, K

    2007-10-15

    The Opera experiment will try to confirm the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations by the appearance of the {nu}{sub {tau}} in a pure {nu}{sub {mu}} beam. Indeed, a neutrino beam almost pure is produced at CERN (CNGS Beam) and sent to the Opera detector. The detector is composed of two muons spectrometers and a target formed by walls of bricks. Each brick is an alternation of lead plates and emulsions. This modular structure allows to reconstruct the kink topology of the {tau} lepton decay with a high spatial resolution. The great challenge of the Opera experiment is to detect the {nu}{sub {tau}} interactions with the less uncertainty. To reduce this uncertainty it is essential to identify with the greatest efficiency any background event not including a tau particle. My work permits to reduce background. My principal contribution concerns the selection development, the reconstruction and the muons identification at low energy. This work is based on the setting of variables related to the deposit energy and the multiple scattering. Previously, only deposit energy was used in the analyses of pion/muon separation. This study allows doubling the muon identification efficiency at low energy. This leads to increase the background events rejection in Opera and to decrease the contamination by 30%. I also studied the nuclear emulsions capacity to identify charged particles through the analysis of a test beam carried out by the Nagoya group. This test contains protons and pions with different energies. My work proves that the European scan system gives comparable results with those obtained by the Japanese scan system. (author)

  9. Upstream from OPERA: extreme attention to detail

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Two weeks ago, at a seminar held at CERN, the OPERA collaboration revealed their astonishing observation: neutrinos might move faster than light. The finding is currently under scrutiny in the scientific community. While the result downstream at Gran Sasso speaks for itself, upstream at CERN things are no less intriguing, with high-tech GPS systems, novel techniques for accurately measuring the time, and unique ways keeping the initial particle beam stable. Take away one ingredient and the accuracy needed for the final measurement is spoiled.   Underground installations of the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso (CNGS) project. First ingredient: a stable beam CERN produces neutrinos by sending a beam of protons to hit a target. The collisions produce a secondary beam, which mostly consists of pions and kaons that decay in flight within an evacuated tunnel. Their decay products are muons and muon-neutrinos. An absorber stops the pions and kaons that do not decay, while the resulting muons are absorb...

  10. Enhancements to the opera-3d suite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Christopher P.

    1997-02-01

    The OPERA-3D suite of programs has been enhanced to include 2 additional 3 dimensional finite element based solvers, with complimentary features in the pre- and postprocessing. SOPRANO computes electromagnetic fields at high frequency including displacement current effects. It has 2 modules—a deterministic solution at a user defined frequency and an eigenvalue solution for modal analysis. It is suitable for designing microwave structures and cavities found in particle accelerators. SCALA computes electrostatic fields in the presence of space charge from charged particle beams. The user may define the emission characteristics of electrodes or plasma surfaces and compute the resultant space charge limited beams, including the presence of magnetic fields. Typical applications in particle accelerators are electron guns and ion sources. Other enhancements to the suite include additional capabilities in TOSCA and ELEKTRA, the static and dynamic solvers.

  11. The OPERA long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilquet, G.

    2008-05-01

    OPERA is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment designed to observe the appearance of vτ in a pure vμ beam in the parameter space indicated by the atmospheric neutrinos oscillation signal. The detector is situated in the underground LNGS laboratory under 3 800 water meter equivalent at a distance of 730 km from CERN where the CNGS neutrino beam to which it is exposed originates. It consists of two identical 0.68 kilotons lead/nuclear emulsion targets, each instrumented with a tracking device and complemented by a muon spectrometer. The concept and the status of the detector are described and the first results obtained with cosmic rays and during two weeks of beam commissioning in 2006 are reported.

  12. Recent results of the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pupilli, F.

    2016-06-01

    The OPERA experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory has been designed to study the νµ → ντ oscillation in appearance mode in the CNGS neutrino beam. Five ντ candidate events have been confirmed so far, using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. Given the low background level, the discovery of νµ → ντ oscillations has been established with a significance of 5.1 σ. In this paper the data analysis is discussed, with emphasis on the background constraints obtained by using dedicated data-driven control samples. The analysis of the τ neutrino and electron neutrino data in the framework of the 3+1 sterile neutrino model are presented. The measurement of the muon charge ratio in the collected cosmic ray sample is also reported.

  13. OPERA Collaboration have observed phase speed of neutrino wave function

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Shi-Yuan

    2011-01-01

    First we call the attention that velocity defined by ratio between some intervals of space and time respectively is sometimes ambiguous, in the framework of quantum theory. Velocity in general is not possible to be well defined as some generator of certain space-time symmetry operation. Then by analyzing the OPERA experiment we show that the OPERA Collaboration may have measured the phase speed of the neutrino wave function. Employing a very (maybe too) simple model which is just a reproduction from Brillouin's classical book, we demonstrate the phase velocity and group velocity. These are just a qualitative illustration rather than aiming to quantitively explain the OPERA data.

  14. Ultimate Art——Grand Spectacle Opera "Carmen"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>No opera has as lasting performances as Carmen has and no opera has nicer melody than Carmen which suits both refined and common tastes.Carmen, a charming Gypsy girl with wild but unbending nature, has once been admired by so many people. And the artistic forms originating from Carmen, including Carmen’s opera, films dance, literature and philosophy, have made people feel the huge glamour and artistic appeal of the artistic figure.Shanghai will have a new chapter in its performance

  15. Opera Jawa [Requiem from Java]: A Semiotic Narratology Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Budiman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Directed by Garin Nugroho in 2006, Opera Jawa is an opera film with a special status in Indonesian film history, either perceived as a newly established genre or seen from many of its other aspects. Analyzed through a semiotic narratology perspective, this musical film can put forth deeper meanings than that of a mere triangle love story between the characters. The unveiling narrativity of every layer of Opera Jawa enables us to identify both its patterns of narrative syntagm and its actantial relations with its underlying system of values. This system consists of a set of antagonistically correlating main values, namely faithfulness versus deceit, and suppression versus power.

  16. Farmers' Information Needs in Soap Opera Utilisation for Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Farmers' Information Needs in Soap Opera Utilisation for Agricultural Enterprise ... (means and percentages) and inferential (Chi-square) statistics at p=0.05. ... to cover crop planting procedure (95.3%), marketing strategies (91.3%), rural ...

  17. Don Giovanni Goes to Prison: Teaching Opera behind Bars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierpaolo Polzonetti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching opera in prison presents challenges, such as limits imposed on printed and recorded material to study it, or the audio-visual technology in the classroom space, yet, no other experience can be so inspiring and rewarding for everybody involved. This essay focuses on teaching opera, in particular Mozart’s Don Giovanni, to imprisoned students in America. It addresses pedagogical challenges on how to teach opera in prison and advocates for the need to leave the ivory tower of academia and engage in social action. If opera is still perceived as an elitist art form, it is because it is artificially kept that way by being practiced, taught, studied, and promoted only among an exclusive sector of our population.

  18. [Psychological and psychoanalytical issues in Schreker's opera "Die Gezeichneten"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasenzer, Elena Romana

    2016-11-01

    Franz Schrekers opera "Die Gezeichneten" is the artistically answer to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis. The proceedings in this drama discuss some principles of psychoanalyses. The figures show typical psychological mechanisms like repression, sublimation or regression and also the typical symptoms of neurosis. During the date of origin of the opera, Freud's method of psychoanalysis becomes well known and a lot of physicians and psychologists begin with their education in it. Themes like the theory of sexuality by Freud were discussed in the Vienna society. The story contains all mechanisms of psychoanalysis and discloses the psychopathology of the society of "fín de siègle" on the end of the 19th century. Franz Schreker's opera is like a forecasting of the nemesis, which in Europe occurs two decades later. The figures of the opera show the central facts of psychoanalysis and their artificial expression in music and performance.

  19. Tussen Opus en Opera Dei. Over religieuze muziek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandermeersch, Patrick

    1990-01-01

    P. VANDERMEERSCH, Tussen Opus en opera Dei. Over religieuze muziek. In: Kohelet (Faculteitsblad Theologische Faculteit Tilburg) 7 (1990) 36-38; herdruk in Etcetera, tijdschrift voor dans, theater, etc., 20 (2002) nr. 81, 48-50.

  20. Tussen Opus en Opera Dei. Over religieuze muziek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandermeersch, Patrick

    1990-01-01

    P. VANDERMEERSCH, Tussen Opus en opera Dei. Over religieuze muziek. In: Kohelet (Faculteitsblad Theologische Faculteit Tilburg) 7 (1990) 36-38; herdruk in Etcetera, tijdschrift voor dans, theater, etc., 20 (2002) nr. 81, 48-50.

  1. 大话肥皂剧%Soap Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Grace

    2011-01-01

    The term "soap opera" was coined by the American press in the 1930s to denote the extraordinarily popular genre of serialized domestic radio dramas which by 1940,represented some 900% of all commercially-sponsored daytime broadcast hours.

  2. Electromagnetic Simulation Seminar and Opera/Tosca update Seminar

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2012-01-01

    9 May 2012 Kjell Johnsen Auditorium – Room 30-7-018 Electromagnetic Simulation Seminar & Opera/Tosca update Seminar By Cobham Technical Services – Vector Fields Software Virtual prototyping using electromagnetic simulation software plays an important role in the design stage of many devices and the Opera software has been in use for this purpose at CERN for over a decade. A technical seminar will take place concerning the latest developments in electromagnetic design, analysis and multi-physics applications for large scientific experiments.  Information will be presented on applications such as superconducting magnets and ion-beam sources. The seminar will be presented by engineers/physicists from Cobham Technical Services – Vector Fields Software who develop the Opera program.  It is FREE to attend and is open to both current Opera software users and also those who wish to expand their knowledge and understand better the capabilities on offer. Prog...

  3. Theater Activities for Jung Opera Audience: An Educational Urgency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elita Maule

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Numerous studies have led researchers to conclude that the socio-demographic profile of the public of classical music appears to be quite generalizable. However, the survey of the opera public, a classical music subgenre that is often associated with theater performances, appears to be much more difficult to quantify and has not yet been the subject of specific investigations (1. The drastic decrease in audience attendance, especially among young people, has led to a radical change in the management of all the opera houses in Europe (2. The research here presented has explored, through a representative sample of twenty-four Theatres in twelve different European countries, all practitioners of Opera Education, the complex interaction of personal, social and cultural factors that have led the theatres to interact with the educational system and the school curricula (3. A research on the different methods applied for teaching Opera to young people has led to attention being given especially to what is now called “Dramatic Interpretation of Music Theatre”, a method developed within Germany but now accepted by the majority of Opera Houses in Northern Europe (4. Approach: The research on educational projects for young people was made through the analysis of the web-sites of 24 theatres: 12 of these were members of Reseo, the network of partners involved in opera education that was proposed and promoted by the European Community in 1999; 12 other theatres, although belonging to other such networks were not members of Reseo. Results: (1 Opera seems to attract a rather limited public that occupies, in terms of number, the last places in the classification; the amount of people who listen to classical music is double that of those who listen to opera. (2. Educating the audience and, therefore, organizing also didactic projects for young people, has become for theaters a means to ensure their future survival. (3. The European Opera

  4. Sidelights on Peking Opera and Kabuki Joint Show

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang; Yaqin

    2015-01-01

    On April 2 and April 3,Chinese Peking Opera and Japanese Kabuki were performed on the same stage to sellout audiences at the Beijing Mei Lanfang Grand Theater.Two classics of Peking Opera,Farewell My Concubine and The Great Enthronement,were performed respectively in the first half of the show,followed in the second half by a famous Kabuki play,The Mirror Lion—A Spring Entertainment.

  5. Teatro de la Opera - Sydney (Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utzon, Jorn

    1971-06-01

    Full Text Available Although this opera house has not yet been completed. It has already become famous, among other reasons, because of the controversy it has aroused throughout the world. Its original and advanced type of structure has involved a variety of complex problems. Thanks to the coordinated work of a very full team of architects, engineers and contractors, construction work is making progress, and though the completion of the project is still uncertain, it is expected that the whole roof and the installations will be finished by the end of this year.Este teatro, aunque no terminado aún, es ya un edificio famoso, en función de las controversias que lia suscitado en todo el mundo. La estructura, original y avanzada, ha presentado diferentes y complicados problemas, así como la construcción en general. Gracias a la coordinación de un completísimo equipo de arquitectos, ingenieros y constructores, avanzan las obras y, aunque su terminación es algo incierta todavía, se espera que toda la parte de cubierta e instalaciones esté acabada a finales del año próximo.

  6. Opera as Social Showcase: Rituals of “Magic Mirrors” at the Margravial Opera House in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Bayreuth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlado Kotnik

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a ritualistic approach to opera in the historical case of the mid-eighteenth-century Margravial Opera House in Bavarian Bayreuth to argue that court opera can be understood as a variety of social showcase. In this view, court opera is a specific form of communication through which opera established the various types of relationship between itself and the social worlds in which, and for which, it was created. By referring to the operatic rituals under the leadership and sponsorship of Wilhelmina of Bayreuth and her husband Frederick, it will be established how the Bayreuth’s ruling couple used opera for several social and political purposes. As both genre and institution, the margravial opera production is interpreted by the analytical models of anthropologists of ritual and theatre, like Victor Turner, Clifford Geertz, Maurice Bloch, Stanley Tambiah, Catherine Bell, employing their ritual theory, especially Turner’s concept of a “hall of magic mirrors”.

  7. Electron characterization in OPERA Experiment; Caracterisation des electrons dans l'experience OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caffari, Yvan [Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, 4, Rue Enrico Fermi, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Universite Claude Bernard Lyon-I, 43 boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne cedex (France)

    2006-09-15

    In 1998 by making use of a water Cherenkov detector the Super-Kamiokande Experiment in Japan has measured a deficit of {nu}{sub {tau}} atmospheric neutrinos without observing a corresponding rise in the {nu}{sub e} flux. This phenomenon is understood as neutrino oscillations, a mechanism implying a non vanishing neutrino mass. In 1999 the CHOOZ Experiment has definitely excluded the oscillations {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} within atmosphere. The OPERA Experiment aims at evidencing the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}oscillations through occurrence of {nu}{sub {tau}} and of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations by occurrence of {nu}{sub e} starting from a muon neutrino beam almost totally clean. Such a beam is actually produced at CERN (CNGS beam) in Switzerland and then directed upon the OPERA detector located 732 km southward under Gran Sasso mountains in Italy. The detector consists of more than 200,000 bricks (what amounts to a total mass of 1,800 tons made up of a nuclear emulsion foils / lead foils sandwich. This module structure allows reconstructing with a high spatial resolution ({delta}{sub {theta}} {approx_equal} 1 mrad and {delta}{sub r} {approx_equal} 1 {mu}m) the kink topology created by the {tau} lepton (issued from charged current interaction of a {nu}{sub {tau}} lepton with a lead nucleus) and its decay products. The work reported in this thesis consists in characterization of the electrons needed in the study of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}oscillations, with {tau} {yields} e, and the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations, the {nu}{sub e} interacting through charged currents with a lead nucleus and producing an electron. A reconstruction algorithm of the electromagnetic cascades in nuclear emulsion was developed. This algorithm allows reproducing the longitudinal and transverse profiles used in evaluating the electron energies and their identification as well ({pi}/e separation by mean of a neuron

  8. The hypothesis of superluminal neutrinos: Comparing OPERA with other data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drago, A.; Masina, I.; Pagliara, G.

    2012-01-01

    The OPERA Collaboration reported evidence for muonic neutrinos traveling slightly faster than light in vacuum. While waiting further checks from the experimental community, here we aim at exploring some theoretical consequences of the hypothesis that muonic neutrinos are superluminal, considering...... in particular the tachyonic and the Coleman-Glashow cases. We show that a tachyonic interpretation is not only hardly reconciled with OPERA data on energy dependence, but that it clashes with neutrino production from pion and with neutrino oscillations. A Coleman-Glashow superluminal neutrino beam would also...... have problems with pion decay kinematics for the OPERA setup; it could be easily reconciled with SN1987a data, but then it would be very problematic to account for neutrino oscillations. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2012...

  9. Constraints and tests of the OPERA superluminal neutrinos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Xiao-Jun; Yin, Peng-Fei; Yu, Zhao-Huan; Yuan, Qiang

    2011-12-09

    The superluminal neutrinos detected by OPERA indicate Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) of the neutrino sector at the order of 10(-5). We study the implications of the result in this work. We find that such a large LIV implied by OPERA data will make the neutrino production process π → μ + ν(μ) kinematically forbidden for a neutrino energy greater than about 5 GeV. The OPERA detection of neutrinos at 40 GeV can constrain the LIV parameter to be smaller than 3×10(-7). Furthermore, the neutrino decay in the LIV framework will modify the neutrino spectrum greatly. The atmospheric neutrino spectrum measured by the IceCube Collaboration can constrain the LIV parameter to the level of 10(-12). The future detection of astrophysical neutrinos of galactic sources is expected to be able to give an even stronger constraint on the LIV parameter of neutrinos.

  10. Search for charmed hadrons in the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastore, A.

    2015-05-01

    The OPERA experiment was designed to study muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillations in appearance mode, using the CERN to Gran Sasso (CNGS) high energy neutrino beam 730 km far from the source. From 2008 to 2012, CNGS neutrinos interactions were recorded in the OPERA detector, which includes target units made of lead plates alternated with emulsion films and electronic tracker planes. The on-going analysis is aimed at the detection of short-lived particle decays occurring over distances of the order of 1 mm from the neutrino interaction point. It has allowed identifying charmed hadrons together with the tau lepton decay candidates that have established vμ → vτ oscillations with a significance of 4.2 σ. The procedure applied in OPERA to detect short-lived particle decays and its application to the search for charmed hadrons will be discussed here in detail.

  11. Acoustic Analyses of the Singing Vibrato in Traditional Peking Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Qichao; Zhang, Ruifeng

    2017-01-16

    China's traditional Peking Opera has four standard categories of roles: Sheng, Dan, Jing, and Chou, the singing vibrato of each displaying a different auditory effect. The audio and respiratory signals were recorded for two performers of the Qing Yi role, one of the Jing role, one of the Chou role, one of the Lao Sheng role, one of the Xiao Sheng role, and one of the Lao Dan role. The recordings gained eventually consisted of 24 representative songs from six roles. The rates and extents of vibrato, fundamental frequency, and rib cage signals were analyzed. Two findings were obtained: (1) the classical opera singing vibratos of China and Western countries are acoustically different from each other; and (2) in Peking Opera, the singing vibratos of different roles show significant acoustic differences.

  12. Search for charmed hadrons in the OPERA experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastore A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The OPERA experiment was designed to study muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillations in appearance mode, using the CERN to Gran Sasso (CNGS high energy neutrino beam 730 km far from the source. From 2008 to 2012, CNGS neutrinos interactions were recorded in the OPERA detector, which includes target units made of lead plates alternated with emulsion films and electronic tracker planes. The on-going analysis is aimed at the detection of short-lived particle decays occurring over distances of the order of 1 mm from the neutrino interaction point. It has allowed identifying charmed hadrons together with the tau lepton decay candidates that have established vμ → vτ oscillations with a significance of 4.2 σ. The procedure applied in OPERA to detect short-lived particle decays and its application to the search for charmed hadrons will be discussed here in detail.

  13. The hypothesis of superluminal neutrinos: Comparing OPERA with other data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drago, A.; Masina, I.; Pagliara, G.

    2012-01-01

    The OPERA Collaboration reported evidence for muonic neutrinos traveling slightly faster than light in vacuum. While waiting further checks from the experimental community, here we aim at exploring some theoretical consequences of the hypothesis that muonic neutrinos are superluminal, considering...... in particular the tachyonic and the Coleman-Glashow cases. We show that a tachyonic interpretation is not only hardly reconciled with OPERA data on energy dependence, but that it clashes with neutrino production from pion and with neutrino oscillations. A Coleman-Glashow superluminal neutrino beam would also...... have problems with pion decay kinematics for the OPERA setup; it could be easily reconciled with SN1987a data, but then it would be very problematic to account for neutrino oscillations. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2012...

  14. Social uses of commercial soap operas: a conversation with Miguel Sabido.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, A; Obregon, R

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents an interview with Miguel Sabido, a writer-producer-director of theater and soap operas in Mexico concerning the social uses of commercial soap operas. According to Sabido, television soap operas can play multiple roles in educating the public: 1) melodramatic soap operas represent a mediation between good and bad; 2) soap operas allow people to gossip on different characters, their dilemmas, and create a climate for social change, especially if it centers on key social issues; and 3) soap operas provide role models to emulate. Sabido stressed the importance of a theory-based method for producing drama and mentioned how theoreticians Bentley, Bandura, Maclean, and Jung influenced his writing and production of soap operas. According to Sabido, the social uses of commercial television are possible with socially responsible soap operas.

  15. Effects of Chinese opera on the reproductions of Ibsen's plays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Leung Che LAU

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available As part of a globalized phenomenon, the reproductions of Ibsen’s plays on the Chinese theatrical stage increasingly focus upon the exploration and expansion of new cultural forms, as Patrice Pavis defines interculturalism as “grasping the dialectical of exchanges of civilities between cultures”. However, how do we evaluate the effectiveness of the many “intercultural” productions that surround us today? I attempt to answer this question by comparing two Chinese reproductions of Ibsen’s plays that employ elements of Chinese opera on varying scales. The first one is a total transformation of Hedda Gabler into a Hangzhou yue opera form, Xin Bi Tian Gao (Aspirations Higher than the Sky, 心比天高 in 2006. As part of the yue opera tradition, Hedda Gabler was staged in an all-female cast. The second one is a fragmented insertion of a Peking opera excerpt into the staging of A Doll’s House by the National Experimental Theatre of China in 1998. One of the highlights of the play is a Norwegian actress, who plays Nora, singing and dancing a short Peking opera excerpt, thus replacing the tarantella dance in the original play. Contextualising the multiple perspectives towards interculturalism by Patrice Pavis, Richard Schechner and Rustom Bharucha, I aim to explore how the appropriation of Chinese opera in such performances might strengthen or weaken the reciprocal flows between the source and target cultures in Pavis’s “hourglass model”, and whether the initial attempt of revitalising both Chinese and Western art forms has backfired and misproduced Bertolt Brecht’s alienation effect directed at the contemporary audience.

  16. A suggestion based on the OPERA experimental apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao-Bai (Hsiao-bai Ai, Ai

    2012-04-01

    To temporarily lay aside the debate about the neutrino being a bradyon or a tachyon, based on the existing apparatus and the existing technique in OPERA the best way to promote the OPERA experiment is to test the energy-velocity relation of muon neutrinos and their oscillating yields rather than only one energy point, although the energy-velocity relation is deduced for tachyons according to the inner product of a space-like momentum four-vector being a Lorentz invariant. The tendency of the curve, i.e. as a monotonic decreasing or increasing function of increasing energy, would determine whether muon neutrinos are tachyons or bradyons.

  17. Superluminal neutrinos at OPERA confront pion decay kinematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowsik, Ramanath; Nussinov, Shmuel; Sarkar, Utpal

    2011-12-16

    Violation of Lorentz invariance (VLI) has been suggested as an explanation of the superluminal velocities of muon neutrinos reported by OPERA. In this Letter, we show that the amount of VLI required to explain this result poses severe difficulties with the kinematics of the pion decay, extending its lifetime and reducing the momentum carried away by the neutrinos. We show that the OPERA experiment limits α=(ν(ν)-c)/c<4×10(-6). We then take recourse to cosmic-ray data on the spectrum of muons and neutrinos generated in Earth's atmosphere to provide a stronger bound on VLI: (ν-c)/c<10(-12).

  18. Viewing Scenes of the History of Chemistry through the Opera Glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre´, Joa~o Paulo

    2015-01-01

    Artistic creation has always reflected the spirit of the moment, and opera has not been an exception. There are several examples of operas that appeared at key moments of the development of science, portraying them. Additionally, there are also operas that emerged after scientific events or the lifetime of the scientists by whom they were…

  19. Use Primary Sources to Develop a Soap Opera: As the Civil War Turns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Ronald V.

    2002-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a social studies class activity that uses primary sources to develop a soap opera based on the American Civil War. In the soap opera activity, students can watch historical characters as they grow, develop, and change. Not only do people in the soap opera develop over a long period, but their accumulated…

  20. Viewing Scenes of the History of Chemistry through the Opera Glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre´, Joa~o Paulo

    2015-01-01

    Artistic creation has always reflected the spirit of the moment, and opera has not been an exception. There are several examples of operas that appeared at key moments of the development of science, portraying them. Additionally, there are also operas that emerged after scientific events or the lifetime of the scientists by whom they were…

  1. Shaping the Voice of the People in Nineteenth-Century Operas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lajosi, K.; Baycroft, T.; Hopkin, D.

    2012-01-01

    This chapter discusses how and why did opera gain importance in the nineteenth century. The general political and social trends of the day were represented in these operas. Instead of gods (Orpheo), kings (L’incoronazione di Poppea) or aristocrats (Don Giovanni) nineteenth-century operas presented t

  2. Resolving 7 problems with OPERA's superluminal neutrino experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Ehrlich, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Physicists have raised many troubling inconsistencies with the OPERA claim of superluminal neutrinos that cast doubt on its validity. This paper examines ways that 7 of these inconsistencies can be resolved. It also discusses evidence that the electron neutrino is superluminal, based on previously published cosmic ray observations, and secondarily a re-examination of tritium beta decay data.

  3. Soap operas and the history of fan discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Ford

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available For decades, fans of U.S. soap operas have formed social networks surrounding their shows, and they did so even before the concept entered the vernacular. Soap fans, who started on a geographically local scale and built their communities through grassroots efforts, have found a variety of venues to connect with one another over the past several decades. This study looks at the pre-Internet development of these social networks to show how that trajectory relates to the current online community of soap opera fans. Although several scholars have studied soap opera fandom, few have taken an historical approach at understanding the trajectory of soap fandom, a view especially necessary in an era where online social networks are at the center of audience studies and where cornerstone U.S. soap operas are struggling to retain relevance and audience. To fill this gap, I argue that understanding fan networks today requires looking back to previous methods of fan networking. Soaps' longevity (the youngest U.S. soap is more than 20 years old and frequency (all U.S. daytime soaps are daily make them crucial texts in demonstrating how the roots of fan social networks in a pre-Internet era helped shape that fandom's transition onto the Internet, and they also illustrate the continued evolution of these networks as fans move online.

  4. Soap Opera Portrayals of Sex, Contraception, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowry, Dennis T.; Towles, David E.

    1989-01-01

    Replicates a 1979 study of sexual behavior on afternoon soap operas, classifying sexual behavior in terms of physical acts, implied acts, and verbal references. Finds a substantial increase in sex between unmarried persons and a norm of promiscuous sex, with few attendant consequences. (MS)

  5. Alcohol and Soap Operas: Drinking in the Light of Day.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallack, Lawrence; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Examined drinking portrayals on the day time soap opera, "All My Children." Overall, "All My Children" was found to be doing a good job of accurately portraying drinking problems. Several good role models for social drinking and abstinence were presented and negative reinforcement for heavier or high risk drinking was frequent.…

  6. Old Texts and Opera--Inciting Students to Read

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senyshyn, Yaroslav

    2005-01-01

    Eleventh grade English class "special students" with a fourth or fifth grade level of reading ability are won over by an enterprising teacher reading stories by Boccaccio, Chaucer and Shakespeare and introducing them to opera. The so called difficult kids often have more aptitude and talent than given credit for by shortsighted teachers and…

  7. Everyday Talk and the Conversational Pattern of the Soap Opera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    From, Unni

    2006-01-01

    The soap opera has been explored from many different angles. This article examines the relationship between one of the general characteristics of the genre, the fact that there is far more talk than action, and the ways people actually talk in the soap. The article uses Bakhtin's concept of speech...

  8. Overexcitability: A Psychological Comparison between Dancers, Opera Singers, and Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Paula; Jaque, S. Victoria

    2016-01-01

    Overexcitability is a component in Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration. This cross-sectional study investigated the psychological profile, including the five overexcitability dimensions (psychomotor, sensual, imaginational, intellectual, emotional), of three talented groups of dancers (n = 84), opera singers (n = 62), and athletes…

  9. Opera as an Intervention for Rural Public School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinnis, Pearl Yeadon

    2003-01-01

    Describes Southwest Missouri State University's efforts to transform opera from an event that the audience simply watches to an event that stimulates life-long learning and interest in the arts for rural public school children. The project incorporates elements of experiential and interactive learning to benefit both the student performers and the…

  10. BRAVA! Why You Should Use Opera in Your Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Carl

    2010-01-01

    Opera is music, art, theater, and storytelling. It resembles many musical, visual, theatrical, and literary forms children have already experienced whether they realize it or not. It is an art form that can reach virtually every child on some level because of its emotional power. It can speak to all types of learners because there are many…

  11. Dramatic music brings the opera to Estonia / Joel Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Joel

    2006-01-01

    Etendustest Birgitta Festivali raames 11.-22. aug. Tallinnas Pirita kloostris: Astor Piazzolla tango-ooperist "Maria de Buenos Aires" 11. aug., W. A. Mozarti ooper "Tituse halastus" Moskva Helikon Opera esituses 15. aug., Shostakovitshi ooper "Mtsenski maakonna Lady Macbeth" 17. augustil

  12. Opera as an Intervention for Rural Public School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinnis, Pearl Yeadon

    2003-01-01

    Describes Southwest Missouri State University's efforts to transform opera from an event that the audience simply watches to an event that stimulates life-long learning and interest in the arts for rural public school children. The project incorporates elements of experiential and interactive learning to benefit both the student performers and the…

  13. Overexcitability: A Psychological Comparison between Dancers, Opera Singers, and Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Paula; Jaque, S. Victoria

    2016-01-01

    Overexcitability is a component in Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration. This cross-sectional study investigated the psychological profile, including the five overexcitability dimensions (psychomotor, sensual, imaginational, intellectual, emotional), of three talented groups of dancers (n = 84), opera singers (n = 62), and athletes…

  14. BRAVA! Why You Should Use Opera in Your Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Carl

    2010-01-01

    Opera is music, art, theater, and storytelling. It resembles many musical, visual, theatrical, and literary forms children have already experienced whether they realize it or not. It is an art form that can reach virtually every child on some level because of its emotional power. It can speak to all types of learners because there are many…

  15. Wei Chunrong:An Outstanding Kunqu Opera Singer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaomeng

    2005-01-01

    Your hair is flying to show your charm.Your outstanding performance demonstrates the beauty of Kunqu opera.In the early spring,Little flower buds permeate the fields.On the stage of life,You fulfil the dream that you have expected for years.

  16. Dramatic music brings the opera to Estonia / Joel Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Joel

    2006-01-01

    Etendustest Birgitta Festivali raames 11.-22. aug. Tallinnas Pirita kloostris: Astor Piazzolla tango-ooperist "Maria de Buenos Aires" 11. aug., W. A. Mozarti ooper "Tituse halastus" Moskva Helikon Opera esituses 15. aug., Shostakovitshi ooper "Mtsenski maakonna Lady Macbeth" 17. augustil

  17. Soap opera families: some elements of social representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Rogério Meira Menandro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Soap operas are a cultural phenomenon of recognized importance in Brazilian society. They have come into the atention of investigators since they represent concrete social processes that are not strange to the spectator´s reality. A large variety of social themes have already been discussed in soap operas, characterizing a broad spectrum which covers from daily ordinary events up to controversial situation of rupture, forcing public debate. This investigation at empted to identify and analyze how family arrangements, as well as familial and conjugal daily routine, were portrayed in six soap opera plots exhibited between 2003 and 2008 by Rede Globo network. The data collection was performed by the analysis of the soap operas chapter synopses, and the data was organized and discussed using the classic content analysis technique. The way Brazilian family is portrayed in the weekly TV fiction incorporates new family arrangements, presenting new relationship construction possibilities originated during the last decades, in opposition to the conservative raditions

  18. Projecting the voice: observations of audience behaviours in ICT-mediated contemporary opera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Wei; Williams, Alan E.

    2014-07-01

    This paper examines how audiences experience live opera performance and the behaviours they exhibit during live-streaming of the performance. It aims to contribute to our understanding of how audiences, who increasingly inhabit an environment saturated with digital media, respond to contemporary opera performance. Based on a comparative study of audience experiences and behaviours during a live opera performance and the streamed opera screening, we investigate whether digital mediation affects audience appreciation, and whether streaming live opera means the same thing to an audience as the unmediated performance. We firstly outline the conception, design and performance of a contemporary opera and its simultaneous streaming to nearby digital screens. Then, we report the evaluation of the project as measured by a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods during the rehearsals, the live performance and the screening. As one of the few social studies of contemporary classical music in Britain, our study of opera audience behaviours sheds light on the challenges and opportunities afforded by digital technologies for opera companies. Understanding how audiences appreciate digital operas offers practical advice on how theatres and opera companies could respond to new forms of digital activities.

  19. Spettrometro e la segnatura muonica dell'esperimento OPERA

    CERN Document Server

    Di troia, Claudio

    OPERA è un esperimento in fase di installazione presso i Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso che investiga sulla apparizione di neutrino tauonico generato per oscillazione di sapore da un fascio di neutrini muonici inviati dal CERN verso il Gran Sasso: il fascio di long baseline CNGS. OPERA è dotato di 2 spettrometri per l'identificazione dei muoni, la determinazione del momento e l'assegnazione della carica. Sono riportati i risultati dello studio delle proprietà e delle performance degli spettrometri. Per il magnete dipolare sono mostrate le proprietà chimiche, meccaniche e magnetiche; le mappe di campo magnetico atteso sono state simulate e viene descritto come il campo magnetico possa venir monitorato durante la presa dati. Sono descritti i test (i controlli di qualità) eseguiti sui Resistive Plate Chambers, i rivelatori traccianti all'interno del magnete. I test hanno selezionato gli RPC con adeguate proprieta' meccaniche (tramite test pneumatici) ed elettriche (tramite test di condizionamento). Dal...

  20. Studien zu den Nachweiseigenschaften des OPERA-Driftroehrenspektrometers

    CERN Document Server

    Oldorf, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Within the framework of this diploma thesis the density dependent detection characteristics of the OPERA Precision Tracker are studied at a test set up with two drift tube modules. Measurements of gain, hit eciency, spatial resolution and time{to{distance relation are presented depending on the density, anode voltage and discriminator thresholds. At a constant anode voltage the gain falls with increasing density. Therefore the hit eciency and the spatial resolution decrease with increasing density above 1,70 kg/m 3 . Within the temperature{ uctuations of 6 K inside the LNGS, an uncertainty of the spatial resolution up to 75 m is found. Within these temperature{ uctuations the upper limit for the variation of the drift distance at a drift time of 1200 ns is about 220 m. Both eects are tolerable for the spatial resolution of the OPERA Drift Tubes.

  1. The Monitor online system of the OPERA muon magnetic spectrometer

    CERN Document Server

    Ugolino, U.; Acquafredda, R.; Masone, v.

    2008-01-01

    The OPERA muon magnetic spectrometer has been designed for muon detection, tracking and timing. The 44 bakelite Resistive Chambers (RPC) planes, imbibed inside the magnet iron slabs, must provide the tracking of the muon curved in the magnetic field to ease the momentum and charge measurement provided by the HPT. Furthermore, it provides the momentum for muons stopping in the iron. RPC signals will be also used as start of drift tube acquisition thanks to the very good time resolution of RPC detectors. Due to the required performances the tracking detector must be fully efficient and stable. In this conditions an online monitor is mandatory to continuously control stability of run conditions. We report the main characteristics and performances of the monitor system for the OPERA spectrometer and capabilities of the software developed for settings and data acquisition.

  2. The Emulsion Scanning System of the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Juget, F

    2010-01-01

    The OPERA experiment has for goal the direct detection of !μ ! !! oscilla- tion, using an hybrid apparatus composed of electronic detectors and nuclear photographic emulsions. A charged particle crossing an emulsion layer ion- izes the medium along its path leaving a latent image which leads, after de- velopment, to a sequence of aligned grains. Nuclear emulsions are analyzed by means of optical microscopes to reconstruct the 3D particle tracks. The OPERA collaboration has developed a dedicated system to scan a large num- ber of emulsions (surface of about 1000 m2). The achieved resolution is "1 μm and "1 mrad allowing to observe directly the short-lived " particles pro- duced in !!CC interactions.

  3. Emulsion sheet doublets as interface trackers for the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Anokhina, A.; Ariga, A.; Arrabito, L.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Bay, F.; Greggio, F.Bersani; Bertolin, A.; Besnier, M.; Bick, D.; Bozza, C.; Brugiere, T.; Brugnera, R.; Brunetti, G.; Buontempo, S.; Carrara, E.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chiarella, V.; Chon-Sen, N.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; Cozzi, M.; Cuha, V.; Dal Corso, F.; D'Amato, G.; D'Ambrosio, N.; De Lellis, G.; Declais, Y.; De Serio, M.; Di Capua, F.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Giovanni, A.; Di Marco, N.; Di Troia, C.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dominjon, A.; Dracos, Marcos; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Ebert, J.; Egorov, O.; Enikeev, R.; Ereditato, Antonio; Esposito, L.S.; Favier, J.; Felici, G.; Ferber, T.; Fini, R.; Frekers, D.; Fukuda, T.; Galkin, V.I.; Galkin, V.A.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Giorgini, M.; Goellnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Golubkov, D.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Grianti, F.; Guler, M.; Gusev, G.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, Caren; Hara, T.; Hierholzer, M.; Hiramatsu, S.; Hoshino, Kaoru; Ieva, M.; Jakovcic, K.; Janicsko Csathy, J.; Janutta, B.; Jollet, C.; Juget, F.; Kawai, T.; Kazuyama, M.; Kim, S.H.; Knuesel, J.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Laktineh, I.; Lazzaro, C.; Lenkeit, J.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, Andrea; Lutter, G.; Manai, K.; Mandrioli, G.; Marotta, A.; Marteau, J.; Matsuo, T.; Matsuoka, H.; Mauri, N.; Meisel, F.; Meregaglia, A.; Messina, M.; Migliozzi, P.; Mikado, S.; Miyamoto, S.; Monacelli, Piero; Morishima, Kunihiro; Moser, U.; Muciaccia, Maria Teresa; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakamura, T.; Nakano, T.; Nikitina, V.; Niwa, K.; Nonoyama, Y.; Ogawa, S.; Osedlo, V.; Ossetski, D.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B.D.; Park, I.G.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pennacchio, E.; Pessard, H.; Pilipenko, V.; Pistillo, C.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pretzl, Klaus P.; Publichenko, P.; Pupilli, F.; Roganova, T.; Rosa, G.; Rostovtseva, I.; Rubbia, A.; Russo, A.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Ryzhikov, D.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Saveliev, V.; Sazhina, G.; Schembri, A.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Shibuya, H.; Simone, S.; Sioli, Max; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Song, J.S.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stipcevic, M.; Strauss, T.; Strolin, Paolo Emilio; Sugonyaev, V.; Taira, Y.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tezuka, I.; Tioukov, V.; Tolun, P.; Tsarev, V.; Tufanli, S.; Ushida, N.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J.L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Wurtz, J.; Yoon, C.S.; Yoshida, J.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, Amina; Zimmermann, R.

    2008-01-01

    New methods for efficient and unambiguous interconnection between electronic counters and target units based on nuclear photographic emulsion films have been developed. The application to the OPERA experiment, that aims at detecting oscillations between mu neutrino and tau neutrino in the CNGS neutrino beam, is reported in this paper. In order to reduce background due to latent tracks collected before installation in the detector, on-site large-scale treatments of the emulsions ("refreshing") have been applied. Changeable Sheet (CSd) packages, each made of a doublet of emulsion films, have been designed, assembled and coupled to the OPERA target units ("ECC bricks"). A device has been built to print X-ray spots for accurate interconnection both within the CSd and between the CSd and the related ECC brick. Sample emulsion films have been extensively scanned with state-of-the-art automated optical microscopes. Efficient track-matching and powerful background rejection have been achieved in tests with electronic...

  4. Mad scenes in early 19th-century opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erfurth, A; Hoff, P

    2000-10-01

    It is our objective to examine the phenomenon of mad scenes in bel canto opera from a modern perspective. The development of psychiatry and music at the beginning of the 19th century is described. Common elements of romantic music and mental disorders are discussed. It is shown how bel canto composers represent psychiatric illness by musical means. The psychopathology depicted in a prototypical mad scene is evaluated. Early romantic music is characterized by imagination, illusion and loss of structure; characteristics which can be well expressed in mad scenes. While madness (withdrawal into a utopian world) gained a certain attraction in society, clinical psychiatry increasingly focused on emotional causes of illness and on drug-induction of mental disorders. Mad scenes in bel canto opera can be understood as expression of an increasing interest in emotional aspects in music and society as well as in clinical psychiatry.

  5. Neutrino oscillations make their first appearance in OPERA

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    1400 metres underground in the INFN Gran Sasso Laboratory, the Opera experiment has just observed its first candidate for neutrino oscillation – the phenomenon that confirms that neutrinos have mass. It is the first time that an experiment has observed the direct appearance of the new type of neutrinos produced in the oscillation. Opera uses a dedicated beam produced at CERN’s Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS).   Tracks of first candidate event observed by the OPERA experiment. Neutrinos, abundant in cosmic rays, are involved in several of the nuclear reactions that take place in the Sun, and also in radioactive decays. Numerous as they are, they continue to hold many secrets for scientists. One is the fact that the three types of neutrinos—electron, muon and tau neutrinos—can change into each another. This physical phenomenon, known as neutrino ‘oscillations’, was originally described in an article by Bruno Pontecorvo and Vla...

  6. Updated results of the OPERA long baseline neutrino experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Chukanov, Artem

    2012-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino detector built in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory is designed to detect (mu) -> (tau) oscillations in direct appearance mode. The hybrid apparatus consists of an emulsion/lead target complemented by electronic detectors. It is placed in the long-baseline CERN to Gran Sasso neutrino beam (CNGS) 730 km away from the source. The experimental setup and ancillary facilities used to extract data recorded in the emulsion will be described, with the special procedures used to locate the interactions vertices and detect short decay topologies. OPERA is taking data since 2008. A first (tau) interaction candidate was already published in 2010. An improved analysis scheme associated with a more detailed simulation has been developed and new results with increased statistics will be presented.

  7. OPERA superluminal neutrinos and Kinematics in Finsler spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, Zhe; Wang, Sai

    2011-01-01

    The OPERA collaboration recently reported that muon neutrinos could be superluminal. More recently, Cohen and Glashow pointed that such superluminal neutrinos would be suppressed since they lose their energies rapidly via bremsstrahlung. In this Letter, we propose that Finslerian nature of spacetime could account for the superluminal phenomena of particles. The Finsler spacetime permits the existence of superluminal behavior of particles while the casuality still holds. A new dispersion relation is obtained in a class of Finsler spacetime. It is shown that the superluminal speed is linearly dependent on the energy per unit mass of the particle. We find that such a superluminal speed formula is consistent with data of OPERA, MINOS and Fermilab-1979 neutrino experiments as well as observations on neutrinos from SN1987a.

  8. Alignment methods for the OPERA drift tube detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Büttner, B.; Ebert, J. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Ferber, T. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestr. 85, 22706 Hamburg (Germany); Göllnitz, C., E-mail: christoph.goellnitz@desy.de [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Goloubkov, D. [ITEP Moscow, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hagner, C. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Hierholzer, M. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Laboratory for High Energy Physics, University of Bern (Switzerland); Hollnagel, A.; Lenkeit, J. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Rostovtseva, I. [ITEP Moscow, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation); Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Wonsak, B. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Zaitsev, Y. [ITEP Moscow, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2014-05-21

    The goal of the OPERA experiment is to give the first direct evidence for neutrino oscillations in the channel ν{sub μ}→ν{sub τ}. The OPERA detector is designed to observe the appearance of tau neutrinos in the originally pure muon neutrino CNGS beam. An important part of the magnetic spectrometer is the Precision Tracker (PT), a drift tube detector consisting of 9504 drift tubes. Its main task is the determination of the muon charge and momentum. The alignment strategy for the PT consists of two parts: the hardware measurement by theodolite and the software alignment using long muon tracks. In this paper, the hardware and the software alignment are described, and the track-based alignment methods are explained in detail. Results of the software alignment are presented with a focus on the analysis of cosmic particles.

  9. A potential issue for the OPERA neutrino velocity measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Palazzo, Antonio

    2011-01-01

    We discuss what we think may be a potential issue for the OPERA neutrino velocity measurement, in connection with the statistical procedure employed for the extraction of the neutrino time of flight. We show that such a potential problem may have eluded the Monte Carlo tests performed by the collaboration. Only the collaboration has the information necessary to clarify the issue, make quantitative estimates and trace definitive conclusions.

  10. Opera Star Guo Lanying’s Fame Withstands Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IF there is one name that is familiar to Chinese aged 10 to 80 it is Guo Lanying. Recently a recital was held by CCTV in honor of her 60-year career. When Guo Lanying took the stage, she was met with a lengthy standing ovation. Her voice was choked with emotion. Behind her was a smiling photograph of her that was taken at the start of her opera career. Guo Lanying was born in 1930 into

  11. Operação Liberdade Duradoura: A Segunda Fase?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como tema as recentes afirmações por parte dos EUA e seus aliados com relação à instauração da segunda fase da Operação Liberdade Duradoura e dos impactos que essa terá para a atual política de combate ao terrorismo e de para a ocupação do Afeganistão.

  12. Studies on the detection characteristics of the OPERA drift tube spectrometer; Studien zu den Nachweiseigenschaften des OPERA-Driftroehrenspektrometers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oldorf, Christian

    2009-07-15

    Within the framework of this diploma thesis the density dependent detection characteristics of the OPERA Precision Tracker are studied at a test set up with two drift tube modules. Measurements of gain, hit efficiency, spatial resolution and time-to-distance relation are presented depending on the density, anode voltage and discriminator thresholds. At a constant anode voltage the gain falls with increasing density. Therefore the hit efficiency and the spatial resolution decrease with increasing density above 1,70 kg/m{sup 3}. Within the temperature-fluctuations of 6 K inside the LNGS, an uncertainty of the spatial resolution up to 75 {mu}m is found. Within these temperature-fluctuations the upper limit for the variation of the drift distance at a drift time of 1200 ns is about 220 {mu}m. Both effects are tolerable for the spatial resolution of the OPERA Drift Tubes. (orig.)

  13. Studies on the detection characteristics of the OPERA drift tube spectrometer; Studien zu den Nachweiseigenschaften des OPERA-Driftroehrenspektrometers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oldorf, Christian

    2009-07-15

    Within the framework of this diploma thesis the density dependent detection characteristics of the OPERA Precision Tracker are studied at a test set up with two drift tube modules. Measurements of gain, hit efficiency, spatial resolution and time-to-distance relation are presented depending on the density, anode voltage and discriminator thresholds. At a constant anode voltage the gain falls with increasing density. Therefore the hit efficiency and the spatial resolution decrease with increasing density above 1,70 kg/m{sup 3}. Within the temperature-fluctuations of 6 K inside the LNGS, an uncertainty of the spatial resolution up to 75 {mu}m is found. Within these temperature-fluctuations the upper limit for the variation of the drift distance at a drift time of 1200 ns is about 220 {mu}m. Both effects are tolerable for the spatial resolution of the OPERA Drift Tubes. (orig.)

  14. A formative approach to strategic message targeting through soap operas: using selective processing theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta-Bergman, Mohan J

    2006-01-01

    In the past 2 decades, soap operas have been used extensively to attain prosocial change in other parts of the world. The role of the soap opera in achieving social change has become of special interest to strategic health message designers and planners in the United States. Before a strategic approach is implemented, however, researchers need to conduct formative research to interrogate the viability of soap operas and guide communication strategies. This article constructs a profile of the soap opera user who is younger, less educated, and earns less than the nonuser. Using selective processing theory, I argue that the health-oriented individual is most likely to remember health content from soap operas and incorporate the content in future behavior. Strategic media planning and message construction guidelines are provided for the use of soap operas as vehicles for reinforcing positive health behaviors and introducing new behaviors in the health oriented segment.

  15. 'Il Sonnambulo' by Michele Carafa: A Forgotten Romantic Opera with Sleepwalking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Michele Augusto; Mazzocchi, Caterina; Cesana, Giancarlo; Finger, Stanley

    2016-01-01

    Romantic operas provide a useful tool for historians to understand the perception of some medical disorders that existed during the nineteenth century. Somnambulism was still a mysterious condition during this time, since its pathogenesis was unknown. Hence, it comes as no surprise that somnambulism features in a number of operas, the best known of which are Verdi's 'Macbeth' and Bellini's 'La Sonnambula', both the subject of recent scholarship. Here we examine a more obscure opera in which sleepwalking is depicted. Dating from 1824, 'Il Sonnambulo' by the Italian composer Michele Carafa is based on a libretto by Felice Romani. Although it shares some features with the Verdi and Bellini operas, it also presents original elements. Our analysis of this forgotten opera supports the contention that studying operas can shed light on medical theories and practices, and on how ideas about mind and body disorders were transmitted to the laity in times past.

  16. Integrated Conservation of the Cantonese Opera Art Museum and Intangible Cultural Heritage

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Q.; Li, X.

    2015-01-01

    Cantonese Opera, as the sole cultural heritage of Guangdong Province of China so far, which was included in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage List by the UNESCO, bears the cultural memory of the Lingnan region and as well as the overseas Chinese worldwide. Located in the core historic urban area – Enning Road of Guangzhou, the Cantonese Opera Art Museum is designed in Lingnan traditional garden manner, through going deep into the Cantonese opera culture, Lingnan traditional gard...

  17. Room Acoustic Conditions of Performers in AN Old Opera House

    Science.gov (United States)

    IANNACE, GINO; IANNIELLO, CARMINE; MAFFEI, LUIGI; ROMANO, ROSARIO

    2000-04-01

    Proposed objective criteria related to the acoustic conditions for instrumentalists and singers have not received a sufficiently wide consent yet. In spite of this situation, it is the opinion of the authors that the measurement of existing criteria is useful for analysis and comparison. This paper reports the results of various acoustic measurements carried out in the Teatro di San Carlo, Naples-Italy, with the aim of obtaining objective information about its acoustics for performers. A first set of measurements was carried out when the theater was fitted for a symphonic concert and a second one when it was fitted for an opera performance.

  18. The instrumented magnets for the OPERA experiment construction and commissioning

    CERN Document Server

    Adinolfi Falcone, R; Cazes, A; Peiro, G

    2007-01-01

    The design and construction of the 990-ton gapless iron magnets for the OPERA experiment represent a major challenge from the point of view of mechanics, electric and heat engineering. Two of such magnets have been built in a deep underground hall of the Gran Sasso laboratories between 2003 and 2006 and they have been switched on for the first time in March 2006. In this paper we discuss the construction and characterization of these devices. First experience with the CNGS beam are also reported.

  19. Opera house acoustics based on subjective preference theory

    CERN Document Server

    Ando, Yoichi

    2015-01-01

    This book focuses on opera house acoustics based on subjective preference theory; it targets researchers in acoustics and vision who are working in physics, psychology, and brain physiology. This book helps readers to understand any subjective attributes in relation to objective parameters based on the powerful and workable model of the auditory system. It is reconfirmed here that the well-known Helmholtz theory, which was based on a peripheral model of the auditory system, may not well describe pitch, timbre, and duration as well as the spatial sensations described in this book, nor overall responses such as subjective preference of sound fields and the annoyance of environmental noise.

  20. Results from the OPERA experiment in the CNGS beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Marco, N.; OPERA Collaboration

    2016-05-01

    The OPERA experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory was designed to study ν μ → ν τ oscillations in appearance mode in the CNGS neutrino beam. In this paper we report the detection of the 5 th ν τ candidate event found in the analysis of an enlarged data sample. Given the number of analysed events and the low background, ν μ → ν τ oscillations have been established with a significance of 5.1σ. The analysis of the present electron neutrino sample in the framework of the 3 + 1 sterile model is also presented. Finally the analysis of the muon charge ratio in the cosmic ray sample is discussed.

  1. OPERA: An Atmospheric Correction for Land and Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterckx, Sindy; Knaeps, Els; Adriaensen, Stefan; Reusen, Ils; De Keukelaere, Liesbeth; Hunter, Peter; Giardino, Claudia; Odermatt, Daniel

    2015-12-01

    Atmospheric correction is one of the most important part of the pre-processing of satellite remotely sensed data used to retrieve bio-geophysical paramters. In this paper we present the scene and sensor generic atmospheric correction scheme ‘OPERA’ allowing to correct both land and water areas in the remote sensing image. OPERA can now be used to correct for atmospheric effects in scenes acquired by MERIS, Landsat-8, hyperspectral sensors and will be applicable to Sentinel-3 and Sentinel-2.

  2. A simple explanation of OPERA results without strange physics

    CERN Document Server

    Henri, Gilles

    2011-01-01

    We show that OPERA recent results showing an apparent superluminal velocity of muonic neutrinos can find a very simple explanation without any measurement error or any strange physics. Namely, it is enough that the beam composition varies during the leading and the trailing edges to explain an apparent time shift in the detected neutrinos. The order of magnitude of the shift will be the relative variation of the average cross-section times the rising/decaying time, and even a modest change in the composition of the beam could produce the observed effect.

  3. Reduced Photon Velocities in Agreement with the OPERA Neutrino Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Franson, J D

    2011-01-01

    The recent OPERA experiment (Adam et al., arXiv:1109.4897v2) appears to show that neutrinos travel faster than the speed of light. A theory is considered here in which the virtual particles produced in quantum electrodynamics are assumed to have a gravitational potential energy that is the same as that of a real particle. This results in a reduction in the velocity of photons relative to neutrinos that is in good agreement with the experimental results with no adjustable parameters.

  4. Identification and localization of neutrino events in the OPERA detector; Identification et localisation des evenements neutrino dans le detecteur OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heritier, C

    2004-07-15

    The OPERA experiment is designed for the appearance search of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations in the parameters indicated by the atmospheric neutrino anomaly. To prove the appearance of {nu}{sub {tau}} at 732 km from the CERN, an hybrid detector is under construction at the Gran Sasso laboratory. The target, composed by bricks made of lead plates and emulsion sheets, allows the direct observation of the {tau} lepton produced in {nu}{sub {tau}} charged current interactions. The tracking, the localization of neutrino events in the target and the muon identification are allowed by trackers located inside the target (scintillators) and in the spectrometer following the target (RPC). The development of algorithms, based on electronic detectors, is necessary to identify the neutrino interaction and to locate the bricks where the interaction occurred. A classification of neutrino events is performed using the identification of the muon produced in {nu}{sub {mu}} CC and {nu}{sub {tau}} CC with {tau} {yields} {mu} decay. This classification is optimised with tracking informations and also with topological and calorimetric parameters which describe the nature of the interaction (quasi-elastic, deep inelastic); the algorithm of the localization of neutrino event is performed for each category. A tridimensional brick probability map is built and can be exploited to implement sophisticated extraction brick strategies. To conclude, a feasibility study of a test beam experiment OPERETTE is presented. The project was to install a similar OPERA detector in the COMPASS neutrino beam, in the CERN North Area. It was a good opportunity to prepare OPERA for the scanning emulsion films with neutrino events and to test the analysis procedures. (author)

  5. The Structure of Family and Romantic Ties in the Soap Opera: An Ethnographic Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebes, Tamar; Livingstone, Sonia

    1994-01-01

    Offers a new approach for the study of soap opera, aimed at discovering the social boundaries within which a particular culture negotiates its primordial relationships. Reveals the interaction between culture, power, genre, and gender by tracing the complex kinship structures of family and romance among soap opera characters and by observing how…

  6. Nargen Opera lummas Kõrvitsa muusikaga / Ruth Alaküla, Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alaküla, Ruth, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatris Peeter Jalaka lavastuses esietendunud Tõnu Kõrvitsa uued kammerooperid "Tuleaed" ja "Mu luiged, mu mõtted", mille aluseks on luuletaja Marie Heibergi saatus. Libretode autor on Maarja Kangro. Kammerooperid tulevad lavale Von Krahli Teatri ja Nargen Opera koostöös. Esitavad Kädy Plaas, Helen Lokuta, Nargen Opera koor ja Tallinna Kammerorkester, dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste

  7. The Structure of Family and Romantic Ties in the Soap Opera: An Ethnographic Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebes, Tamar; Livingstone, Sonia

    1994-01-01

    Offers a new approach for the study of soap opera, aimed at discovering the social boundaries within which a particular culture negotiates its primordial relationships. Reveals the interaction between culture, power, genre, and gender by tracing the complex kinship structures of family and romance among soap opera characters and by observing how…

  8. Where Have All the Mothers Gone? Soap Opera's Replaying of the Oedipal Story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingstone, Sonia; Liebes, Tamar

    1995-01-01

    Explores parallels between the soap opera and both fairy tales and therapy. Presents a detailed analysis of a recurrent narrative element in soaps--that of the "bad" and/or missing mother of young women heroines in "The Young and the Restless." Emphasizes the repressive over the liberating aspects of the soap opera. (SR)

  9. Nargen Opera lummas Kõrvitsa muusikaga / Ruth Alaküla, Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alaküla, Ruth, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatris Peeter Jalaka lavastuses esietendunud Tõnu Kõrvitsa uued kammerooperid "Tuleaed" ja "Mu luiged, mu mõtted", mille aluseks on luuletaja Marie Heibergi saatus. Libretode autor on Maarja Kangro. Kammerooperid tulevad lavale Von Krahli Teatri ja Nargen Opera koostöös. Esitavad Kädy Plaas, Helen Lokuta, Nargen Opera koor ja Tallinna Kammerorkester, dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste

  10. The Role of Arts-Based Curricula in Bullying Prevention: Elijah's Kite--A Children's Opera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haner, Dilys; Pepler, Debra; Cummings, Joanne; Rubin-Vaughan, Alice

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a children's opera about bullying that was presented to five classrooms in three schools and evaluated with a pre-post design. Data were available for 104 Grade 4 and 5 students who completed a bullying prevalence survey and bullying knowledge quiz before and 6 weeks after the opera. Bullying knowledge increased…

  11. Young Children's Opera: Having a Multiple Literacy Experience from the Inside-Out.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Pamela J.

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes the author's dissertation following a group of bilingual first graders as they created an opera with their teacher and an artist-in-residence. Summarizes the opera process using the libretto format. Discusses the setting, perspectives of all of the collaborators, what was learned, and the educational implications. (SR)

  12. Teacher-Artist Partnership in Teaching Cantonese Opera in Hong Kong Schools: Student Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Bo Wah; Leung, Eddie C. K.

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to examine how and why students transform in terms of learning motivation in learning the Cantonese opera with a teacher-artist partnership approach in Hong Kong schools. An artist and seven teachers from four schools collaborated to teach the genre for eight weeks. Students' learning motivation changes in Cantonese opera was…

  13. A Telepresence Learning Environment for Opera Singing: Distance Lessons Implementations over Internet2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpiste Penalba, Francisco; Rojas-Rajs, Teresa; Lorente, Pedro; Iglesias, Francisco; Fernández, Joaquín; Monguet, Josep

    2013-01-01

    The Opera eLearning project developed a solution for opera singing distance lessons at the graduate level, using high bandwidth to deliver a quality audio and video experience that has been evaluated by singing teachers, chorus and orchestra directors, singers and other professional musicians. Prior to finding a technological model that suits the…

  14. Ozone Profile Retrieval Algorithm (OPERA) for nadir-looking satellite instruments in the UV-VIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Peet, J.C.A.; Van der A, R.J.; Tuinder, O.N.E.; Wolfram, E.; Salvador, J.; Levelt, P.F.; Kelder, H.M.

    2014-01-01

    For the retrieval of the vertical distribution of ozone in the atmosphere the Ozone ProfilE Retrieval Algorithm (OPERA) has been further developed. The new version (1.26) of OPERA is capable of retrieving ozone profiles from UV–VIS observations of most nadir-looking satellite instruments like GOME,

  15. A Telepresence Learning Environment for Opera Singing: Distance Lessons Implementations over Internet2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpiste Penalba, Francisco; Rojas-Rajs, Teresa; Lorente, Pedro; Iglesias, Francisco; Fernández, Joaquín; Monguet, Josep

    2013-01-01

    The Opera eLearning project developed a solution for opera singing distance lessons at the graduate level, using high bandwidth to deliver a quality audio and video experience that has been evaluated by singing teachers, chorus and orchestra directors, singers and other professional musicians. Prior to finding a technological model that suits the…

  16. Singing the Lives of the Buddha: Lao Folk Opera as an Educational Medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard-Johnston, Jean

    This dissertation explores the role of Lao folk opera as a medium for constructively addressing problems of cultural conflict and acculturative stress that have risen among lowland Lao refugees and their children in urban America. The central focus of the inquiry is on the ways Lao folk opera currently functions as a learning medium in the…

  17. Engagement, Participation, and Situated Learning in a Children's Opera Chorus Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dullea, Rhoda

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, opera companies throughout the United Kingdom have begun to provide educational programs for children that offer opportunities for "apprenticeship" training in the context of professional opera productions, alongside formal choral musicianship training. This article outlines a qualitative case study of a recently…

  18. The Role of Arts-Based Curricula in Bullying Prevention: Elijah's Kite--A Children's Opera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haner, Dilys; Pepler, Debra; Cummings, Joanne; Rubin-Vaughan, Alice

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a children's opera about bullying that was presented to five classrooms in three schools and evaluated with a pre-post design. Data were available for 104 Grade 4 and 5 students who completed a bullying prevalence survey and bullying knowledge quiz before and 6 weeks after the opera. Bullying knowledge increased…

  19. Young Children's Opera: Having a Multiple Literacy Experience from the Inside-Out.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Pamela J.

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes the author's dissertation following a group of bilingual first graders as they created an opera with their teacher and an artist-in-residence. Summarizes the opera process using the libretto format. Discusses the setting, perspectives of all of the collaborators, what was learned, and the educational implications. (SR)

  20. On the Testing of Renovations Inside Historical Opera Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fausti, P.; Prodi, N.

    2002-11-01

    Due to the large number of historical opera houses in Italy, many theatres have been renovated in the past, but still more will undergo major restoration in the near future. Unfortunately in this context, the quality and protection of acoustics is rarely considered as an issue of its own. As a consequence, the renovations are hardly ever accompanied by proper scientific and technical support. In this paper, the acoustical impact of works inside the Teatro Municipale "R.Valli" in Reggio Emilia, including the restoration of the main hall and the construction of a new acoustic shell, will be dealt with. Surveys were held in the theatre before renovation and were repeated with identical procedure and instruments after its completion. By means of a comparative analysis of the architectural project and of acoustical data, the impact of major changes in the theatre can be predicted. It is shown that this approach can help in drafting an operational scheme for safeguarding the acoustics of historical opera houses.

  1. Boxes and Sound Quality in AN Italian Opera House

    Science.gov (United States)

    COCCHI, A.; GARAI, M.; TAVERNELLI, C.

    2000-04-01

    The “Teatro Comunale” (City Theatre) in Bologna is an Italian opera house of the 18th century, designed by the famous architect Antonio Galli Bibiena. Largely built in masonry, it has been only partially restored and altered several times, but never destroyed and rebuilt. The study of its acoustics, while interesting for itself, offers the opportunity to investigate the role of the boxes, which constitute the most evident characteristic of Italian opera houses. The study was carried on at first by measurements, acquiring binaural impulse responses in the stalls and in the boxes, and then by computer simulation, modelling also some changes which cannot be done in the real hall. The measurements revealed clear differences between the listening quality in the boxes and in the stalls, especially regarding ITDG, clarity and IACC. Computer simulations show how the sound field in the historical theatre could be if the sound absorption of the boxes were changed, adding some velvet curtains, as was done in ancient times, and clarify the effects of the cavities which constitutes the boxes.

  2. Nuclear emulsion scanning in opera: methods and results

    CERN Document Server

    Bozza, C.

    2008-01-01

    The design of the OPERA experiment was also motivated and justified by the revival of nuclear emulsion handling and scanning in a modem, automatic fashion, as it took previously place, although at a smaller scale, for the CHORUS experiment. Nuclear emulsions are still the only detector to allow a very detailed topological study of an interaction/decay vertex at the sub-micrometer level. They are most suitable in experiments where topology is a non-ambiguous signature of a certain class of events. This is for instance the case of neutrino oscillation detection and measurement by the study of a tau-appearance signal. The design and performance of the two different scanning systems used in OPERA (ESS and S-UTS) are discussed. Their unique features in terms of speed, precision, background suppression, particle identification, and kinematical reconstruction are shown in close connection with the technical details that make them possible. Unequalled precision, almost vanishing background, and a wealth of informati...

  3. Integrated Conservation of the Cantonese Opera Art Museum and Intangible Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Q.; Li, X.

    2015-08-01

    Cantonese Opera, as the sole cultural heritage of Guangdong Province of China so far, which was included in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage List by the UNESCO, bears the cultural memory of the Lingnan region and as well as the overseas Chinese worldwide. Located in the core historic urban area - Enning Road of Guangzhou, the Cantonese Opera Art Museum is designed in Lingnan traditional garden manner, through going deep into the Cantonese opera culture, Lingnan traditional garden culture and Lingnan cultural spirit. The design highlights the integrated conservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, to protect living history and build the historical environment and place spirit for the intangible cultural heritage. The Cantonese Opera Art Museum is not only a tangible space for exhibition, study, education and display of the Cantonese Opera art, but also a cultural space with the Lingnan cultural memory, gathering the Lingnan intangible heritage and closely linked with current life of successors and ordinary people.

  4. Request for a Test Exposure of OPERA Targets in the NuMI Beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kodama, K.; /Aichi U.; Tzanakos, G.; /Athens U.; Baller, B.; Lundberg, B.; Rameika, R.; Saoulidou, N.; /Fermilab; Aoki, S.; /Kobe U.; Autiero, D.; Chaussard, L.; Caffari, Y.; Declais, Y.; /IPNL /Minnesota U. /Nagoya U. /Pittsburgh U.

    2004-11-01

    We request to use the Fermilab NuMI neutrino beam in the MINOS Near Detector Hall to produce neutrino interactions in two separate detector arrangements using prototype target bricks designed for the OPERA experiment. OPERA is scheduled to to begin taking data in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso (CNGS) beam in 2006. The proposed test set up would be located just upstream of the MINOS Near Detector. The data will be used to validate the OPERA analysis scheme and to study backward particle production in neutrino interactions, which is of interest to the OPERA collaboration as well as the neutrino community in general. In addition, we contend that the data taken in this exposure may also be useful to the MINOS collaboration as additional input to the understanding of the initial composition of the neutrino beam. Ideally, this exposure could take place in early to mid-2005, providing timely feedback to both the OPERA and MINOS collaborations.

  5. "Nabucco" by Giuseppe Verdi: A Case of Delirium in an Italian Romantic Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambioli, Luca; Bava, Mattia; Bellelli, Giuseppe; Clerici, Massimo; Cesana, Giancarlo; Riva, Michele Augusto

    2017-01-01

    Italian operas can provide relevant information on the medical knowledge during the Romantic Age, especially in the field of neuroscience. One of the most renowned operas, "Nabucco" by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) may provide us with some information on the state of knowledge on neuropsychiatric diseases in the first part of the nineteenth century. The main character of this opera, the Assyrian king Nabucco suffers from delirium. Psychic signs and symptoms attributed to Nabucco in Verdi's opera could have been influenced by a better knowledge of neuropsychiatric diseases in the nineteenth century. Furthermore, the representation of Nabucco's mental illness in the opera could also have been influenced by direct experiences of Verdi himself, who seems to have suffered from recurrent depressive episodes in that period, and for the rest of his life. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  6. ROLE OF AN INTERTEXT IN D. D. SHOSTAKOVICH’S OPERA “GAMBLERS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovsyankina G. P.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We investigate D. D. Shostakovich's opera “Gamblers” is in the context of an intertext. In this opera, the psychological drama develops; this complex artistic task is solved largely thanks to masterful introduction of a variety of intertextual links. “Gamblers” is an example of recitative opera with an intense, “passionate” vocal style and flexible technique ranging from secco to a gushy accompagnato. The text directs melodic development and intertextual links. The appeal to a method of the intertextual analysis opens interaction between “Gamblers” and their dialogue with musical classics and other Shostakovich’s works. Own creativity and the whole layer of classical works first of all acts as donor texts: operas style bel canto, opera-buffa, D. Verdi’s opera “La traviata”, Russian recitative opera – A. S. Dargomyzhsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, M. P. Mussorgsky, works by A. P. Borodin, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and of painter and literary texts – P. A. Fedotov, A. S. Pushkin, L. N. Tolstoy, F. M. Dostoevsky. The intertextual artistic methods, enabled by Shostakovich express a complex psychological content

  7. Results from the OPERA experiment at the CNGS beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longhin, A.; OPERA Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    The OPERA experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory is searching for νμ → ντ oscillations in appearance mode in the CNGS neutrino beam. Four ντ candidate events have been found so far, using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. Given the number of analysed events and the low background, νμ → ντ oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2 σ. In this paper the data analysis is discussed, with emphasis on the background constraints obtained using dedicated data-driven control samples. We present also the analysis of the τ neutrino and electron neutrino data in the framework of the 3+1 sterile neutrino model. The measurement of the muon charge ratio in the collected cosmic ray sample is also reported.

  8. "OPERA superluminal neutrinos explained by spontaneous emission and stimulated absorption"

    CERN Document Server

    Torrealba, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    In this work it is shown, that for short 3ns neutrino pulses reported by OPERA, a relativistic shape deforming effect of the neutrino distribution function due to spontaneous emission, produces an earlier arrival of 65.8ns in agreement with the reported 62.1ns\\pm 3.7ns, with a RMS of 16.4ns explaining the apparent superluminal effect. It is also shown, that early arrival of long 10500ns neutrinos pulse to Gran Sasso, by 57.8ns with respect to the speed of light, could be explained by a shape deforming effect due to a combination of stimulated absorption and spontaneous emission, while traveling by the decay tunnel that acts as a LASER tube.

  9. Alignment of the drift tube detector at the neutrino oscillation experiment OPERA; Alignment des Driftroehrendetektors am Neutrino-Oszillationsexperiment OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goellnitz, Christoph

    2012-09-15

    The present thesis was composed during the course of the OPERA experiment, which aims to give a direct evidence for neutrino oscillations in the channel {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}. The OPERA detector is designed to observe the appearance of tau neutrinos in an originally pure muon neutrino beam, the CNGS beam. As important part of the detector the precision tracker (PT), a drift tube detector, consists of 9504 drift tubes in 198 modules. In this thesis, several parts of the slow control of the PT are developed and implemented to ensure operation during data taking over several years. The main part is the geometric calibration, the alignment of the detector. The alignment procedure contains both hardware and software parts, the software methods are developed and applied. Using straight particle tracks, the detector components are geometrically corrected. A special challenge for the alignment for the PT is the fact that at this kind of low-rate experiment only a small number of particle tracks is available. With software-based corrections of the module rotation, a systematic error of 0.2 mrad has been attained, for corrections of translation, a systematic error of 32 {mu}m is reached. For the alignment between two adjacent PT walls, the statistical error is less than 8 {mu}m. All results of the position monitoring system are considered. All developed methods are tested with Monte Carlo simulations. The detector requirements ({Delta}p/p {<=} 0.25 below 25 GeV) are met. The analysis of the momentum measurement for high energies above 25 GeV demonstrates the resulting improvement. The mean momentum is falling significantly using the new alignment values. The significance of the detector alignment becomes most evident in the analysis of cosmic particles. The muon charge ratio R{sub {mu}} is expected not to be angular dependent. The {chi}{sup 2} probability of the measured distribution improves up to 58%. The muon charge ratio was also investigated in

  10. On determination of the geometric cosmological constant from the OPERA experiment of superluminal neutrinos

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Mu-Lin; Huang, Wei; Xiao, Neng-Chao

    2011-01-01

    The recent OPERA experiment of superluminal neutrinos has deep consequences in cosmology. In cosmology a fundamental constant is the cosmological constant. From observations one can estimate the effective cosmological constant $\\Lambda_{eff}$ which is the sum of the quantum zero point energy $\\Lambda_{dark energy}$ and the geometric cosmological constant $\\Lambda$. The OPERA experiment can be applied to determine the geometric cosmological constant $\\Lambda$. It is the first time to distinguish the contributions of $\\Lambda$ and $\\Lambda_{dark energy}$ from each other by experiment. The determination is based on an explanation of the OPERA experiment in the framework of Special Relativity with de Sitter space-time symmetry.

  11. The Sydney Opera House: Politics in the Creation of an Icon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Adrian; Tyrrell, Roger

    2013-01-01

    The Sydney Opera House is one of the most innovative and iconic buildings of the twentieth century, which owes its existence to brilliant, but flawed realisation of various personal and political ambitions. Despite not being fully realised as its architect Jørn Utzon had envisioned it, the Opera...... by the Labor Premier of New South Wales, who both saw the Opera House project, as a means for Sydney to raise its status as a city. The choice of an open international architectural competition for the Sydney Opera House reflected the aspirations for the project, as did the selection of the most dramatic...... and unconventional of the proposals. The choice of Utzon’s design, catapulted the relatively unknown Danish architect to the forefront of architectural debate. The political potential of architecture has been one of the underlying principles of the work of avant-garde architects from the early 20th century onwards...

  12. Opernõi kompozitor Kerubini v Kontsertnom zale : Opera Arcimboldo v galereje Sammas / Ilja Sindelevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sindelevitsh, Ilja

    2001-01-01

    Kunstinäitustest Tallinnas: "Nordic Glass" Kunstihoones ja Ruth Huimerinna ning Tiit Veermäe lavastatud fotode näitusest "Opera Arcimboldo" galeriis Sammas. Itaalia kunstnikust Giuseppe Archimboldost

  13. Effects of an entertainment-education radio soap opera on family planning behavior in Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, E M; Vaughan, P W; Swalehe, R M; Rao, N; Svenkerud, P; Sood, S

    1999-09-01

    An entertainment-education radio soap opera introduced in Tanzania in 1993 was evaluated by means of a field experimental design in which the radio program was broadcast by seven mainland stations of Radio Tanzania. An eighth station broadcast alternative programming from 1993 to 1995, its listenership serving as a comparison area in which contemporaneous changes in family planning adoption were measured. The soap opera was subsequently broadcast nationwide from 1995 to 1997. Data about the effects of the radio soap opera were gathered in five annual surveys of about 2,750 households in the comparison and the treatment areas and from a sample of new family planning adopters in 79 health clinics. The soap opera had strong behavioral effects on family planning adoption; it increased listeners' self-efficacy regarding family planning adoption and influenced listeners to talk with their spouses and peers about contraception.

  14. Interpretive Viewers and Structured Programs: The Implicit Representation of Soap Opera Characters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingstone, Sonia M.

    1989-01-01

    Investigates regular viewers' representations of soap opera characters to discover the nature of these representations, the extent to which they reflect the application of social knowledge, and the extent to which they reflect the structure of the program. (MS)

  15. Opernõi kompozitor Kerubini v Kontsertnom zale : Opera Arcimboldo v galereje Sammas / Ilja Sindelevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sindelevitsh, Ilja

    2001-01-01

    Kunstinäitustest Tallinnas: "Nordic Glass" Kunstihoones ja Ruth Huimerinna ning Tiit Veermäe lavastatud fotode näitusest "Opera Arcimboldo" galeriis Sammas. Itaalia kunstnikust Giuseppe Archimboldost

  16. First neutrino events seen by the core of the OPERA experiment (CNGS) on 2 October 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The reconstruction of the core of a neutrino interaction at OPERA. The neutrino arriving from the left of the image has interacted with the lead of a brick, producing various particles identifiable by their tracks visible in the emulsion.

  17. Search for Neutrino Oscillations in Appearance Mode with the OPERA Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Dzhatdoev, T A

    2014-01-01

    The present paper highlights the data analysis status of the OPERA experiment. The experiment was designed to perform the neutrino interactions analysis on event-by-event basis, and optimized to search for $\

  18. Performing Arts of Opera and the Characterization of National Opera%论戏曲表演艺术对民族歌剧人物的塑造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建

    2016-01-01

    National operas and the performing arts of opera share some similarities in their representations with core elements, such as, characterization, performance, singing and both of them aim to manifest national culture and spirit. The characters in operas can be classified as“shēng”,“dàn”,“jìng” and“chǒu”, and the performing arts use some formulaic acts based on life and it handles the space virtually. Besides, it highlights the artistic system of “Si-Gong” and “Wu-Fa” concerning the basic training and skills in operas. It is thus necessary for the characterization of national operas to learn from the artistic system about performing arts in operas .%民族歌剧与戏曲表演艺术都是以人物塑造、表演、演唱、音乐为核心要素的综合呈现,都以体现民族文化和精神为目的,两者有相似性。戏曲人物分生、旦、净、丑等不同行当,人物表演着重运用以生活为基础提炼而成的程式性动作和虚拟性的空间处理。讲究“四功”“五法”即唱、做、念、打、手、眼、身、法、步等艺术体系,借鉴戏曲表演艺术体系操作塑造民族歌剧人物是必要的。

  19. On determination of the geometric cosmological constant from the OPERA experiment of superluminal neutrinos

    OpenAIRE

    Yan, Mu-Lin; Hu, Sen; Huang, Wei; Xiao, Neng-Chao

    2011-01-01

    The recent OPERA experiment of superluminal neutrinos has deep consequences in cosmology. In cosmology a fundamental constant is the cosmological constant. From observations one can estimate the effective cosmological constant $\\Lambda_{eff}$ which is the sum of the quantum zero point energy $\\Lambda_{dark energy}$ and the geometric cosmological constant $\\Lambda$. The OPERA experiment can be applied to determine the geometric cosmological constant $\\Lambda$. It is the first time to distingui...

  20. Locating the neutrino interaction vertex with the help of electronic detectors in the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gornushkin, Yu. A.; Dmitrievsky, S. G.; Chukanov, A. V.

    2015-01-01

    The OPERA experiment is designed for the direct observation of the appearance of ντ from νμ → ντ oscillation in a νμ beam. A description of the procedure of neutrino interaction vertex localization (Brick Finding) by electronic detectors of a hybrid OPERA setup is presented. The procedure includes muon track and hadronic shower axis reconstruction and a determination of the target bricks with the highest probability to contain the vertex.

  1. The Popular Chinese Soap Opera Struggle : Historical background, plot, and selected linguistic features

    OpenAIRE

    Lundberg, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis I used the Chinese soap opera Struggle as my main source of modern colloquial Chinese. In doing so, I aimed to highlight some aspects of modern Mandarin that are not, or insufficiently, recorded in textbooks currently available. The thesis is divided into two main parts: 1. Historical background and plot This part is included in order to place my sources in its appropriate historical context, as well as roughly introducing the individuals the soap opera revolves ar...

  2. A scale value for the balance between stage and pit and inside an historical opera house

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prodi, Nicola; Velecka, Sylvia

    2004-05-01

    Despite its recognized importance, the balance between the singer and the orchestra inside an opera house has received minor attention in the past. In fact, after the fundamental work of Meyer [J. Meyer, ``Some problems of opera house acoustics,'' Proceedings of 12th I.C.A., Vancouver, 1986, pp. 13-18], who explained why the solo singing voice can compete with the orchestra, only partial results were reported on this perceived attribute. In this work a reference scale to assess the balance inside an historical opera house is achieved by means of listening tests inside a controlled room. Two scaling experiments were performed based on the acoustical data measured inside an historical opera house, the Teatro Comunale di Ferrara, Italy. By doing so all of the relevant acoustical characteristics of a typical Italian-style opera house could be exactly reproduced. Acceptable values do not differ much in the stalls and in the boxes and are within 2 dB(A) to +2.3 dB(A). The transfer of the findings to other types of opera houses is discussed, too.

  3. A scale value for the balance between stage and pit and inside an historical opera house

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prodi, Nicola; Velecka, Sylvia

    2001-05-01

    Despite its recognized importance, the balance between the singer and the orchestra inside an opera house has received minor attention in the past. In fact, after the fundamental work of Meyer [J. Meyer, ``Some problems of opera house acoustics,'' Proceedings of 12th I.C.A., Vancouver, 1986, pp. 13-18], who explained why the solo singing voice can compete with the orchestra, only partial results were reported on this perceived attribute. In this work a reference scale to assess the balance inside an historical opera house is achieved by means of listening tests inside a controlled room. Two scaling experiments were performed based on the acoustical data measured inside an historical opera house, the Teatro Comunale di Ferrara, Italy. By doing so all of the relevant acoustical characteristics of a typical Italian-style opera house could be exactly reproduced. Acceptable values do not differ much in the stalls and in the boxes and are within 2 dB(A) to +2.3 dB(A). The transfer of the findings to other types of opera houses is discussed, too.

  4. Self-to-other ratios measured in an opera chorus in performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ternström, Sten; Cabrera, Densil; Davis, Pamela

    2005-12-01

    Four volunteer members of the chorus of Opera Australia, representing four different voice categories, wore binaural pairs of wireless microphones during a penultimate dress rehearsal on the Opera Theater stage of the Sydney Opera House. From the recordings, data were obtained on sound levels and on the self-to-other ratios (SORs). The sound levels were comparable to those found in loud music in chamber choir performance. The average SOR ranged from +10 to +15 dB. Compared to chamber choirs in other types of room, the SOR values were high. On a separate occasion, the stage support parameters ST1 (early reflections) and ST2 (late reflections) were measured over the whole stage area. ST1 was about -16 dB, which is typical for opera stages, and -20 dB for ST2, which is unusually low. It is concluded that the SOR in the opera chorus depends mostly on choir formation, which is highly variable, and that an opera chorus artist generally can hear his or her own voice very well, but little of the others and of the orchestra. This was confirmed by informal listening to the recordings.

  5. Ke Wang, a Chinese television soap opera with a message.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, M; Singhal, A

    1992-01-01

    The Chinese soap opera, Ke Wang, was created by Li Xiaoming between August 1989 and June 1990 and produced at a cost of US$4650 per episode. The characters were drawn from everyday ordinary Chinese life: a traditional and open-minded and caring woman, a typical mother who works hard and loves her children, a highly educated upwardly mobile man who divorces his wife, a professor criticized during the Cultural Revolution, a doctor prejudiced against ordinary people, a kind honest man who marries the divorcee, a friend of the divorcee, a man who is optimistic in spite of bad experiences during the Cultural Revolution, and an excellent medical doctor who also resolves conflicts. The program was very popular, even among Communists, because of its value-based content, the real-life nature of the show, the change from highly restricted programming, the elaborate and supportive media coverage, and dialogue which closely matches audience preferences. The show has been aired by over 100 stations to date and has reached a total estimated audience of 550 million. The sale of television sets has increased since the show's appearance. The script reflects the conflicts between traditional and modern Chinese values. Pro-social values and behaviors are learned from the role models depicted; examples are given of immediate social impact. Ke Wang was a by-product of the Beijing Television Arts Center's interest in designing television programs that are relevant to the lives of ordinary people. The 60-minute scripts dealt with issues such as the status of women, social morality, family harmony, class conflict, responsible parenthood, maintenance of traditional culture, volunteerism, child development, and coping with physical disability. The Chinese government hailed Ke Wang as model television and awarded US$20,000 in prize money to the producers. The Chinese government is planning to produce other entertainment-education soap operas, which raises the problem of blatant, political

  6. [The physiological changes in the larynx of the opera singers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernobel'sky, S I

    2015-01-01

    A total of 30 opera soloists (15 men and 15 women) at the age from 27 to 35 years were examined to elucidate the influence of vocal loading on the vocal fold colour. Two types of the vocal load were used (20 and 60 minutes in duration). In the former case, the participants were examined prior to singing and 15 min after it. In the latter case, the examination was repeated in triplicate, viz. in the morning before singing, thereafter 15 min and 12 hours after singing. Mirror laryngosopy, laryngostroboscopy, and the acoustic test were employed for the examination. It was shown that 20 minute singing did not cause an appreciable vocal fold hyperemia. It developed after singing during 60 minutes and persisted for at least the next 12 minutes in 12 men and 13 women. However, simultaneous stroboscopy and the acoustic test failed to reveal any abnormalities in these singers. It is concluded that the majority of the singers develop physiological hyperemia of the vocal folds after singing during 60 minutes that exerts neither subjectively nor objectively noticeable influence on the voice quality even though it lasts at least 12 hours.

  7. Formant tuning strategies in professional male opera singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundberg, Johan; Lã, Filipa M B; Gill, Brian P

    2013-05-01

    The term "formant tuning" is generally used for the case that one of the lowest formant frequencies coincides with the frequency of a source spectrum partial. Some authors claim that such coincidence is favorable and belongs to the goals of classical opera voice training, whereas other authors have found evidence for advising against it. This investigation analyzes the relationships between formant frequencies and partials in professional singers, who sang scales on the vowels /a/, /u/, /i/, and /ae/ in a pitch range including the passaggio, that is, the fundamental frequency range of approximately 300-400Hz, applying either of the two singing strategies that are typically used (1) in classical and (2) in nonclassical singing, respectively. Formant frequencies of each note in the scales were measured by inverse-filtering the acoustic signal. In the classical style, the first formant tended to be lower than in the nonclassical style. Neither the first nor the second formant tended to change systematically between scale tones, such that on some scale tones either or both formants was just below, just above, or right on a spectrum partial. In many cases, singers produced similar spectrum characteristics of the top tones of the scales with different first and second formant frequencies. Regardless of whether the first formant was slightly lower, slightly higher, or right on a partial, the properties of the voice source did not seem to be affected.

  8. Possible Origin Of The Neutrino Speed Anomaly Reported By OPERA

    CERN Document Server

    Dado, Shlomo

    2011-01-01

    Recently the OPERA collaboration reported a measurement of a superluminal speed of muon neutrinos travelling through the Earth's crust between their production site at CERN and their detection site under Gran Sasso, ~730 km away. The measurement was based on the assumption that the pulse shape of the neutrinos from the decay of parent mesons produced in proton-target collisions is the same as that of the incident protons. Here we argue that the effective column density of the target along the beam direction decreases with time during the 10.5 microseconds duration of the proton pulse. This is because of the thermal expansion and expulsion of target material along the beam by the energy-momentum deposition during the 10.5 microseconds pulse. The progresive reduction in the effective column density during the pulse decreases the neutrino production rate per incident proton. It could have advanced the mean production time of the detected neutrinos relative to that calculated from the proton pulse-shape, by an am...

  9. Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundberg, Johan; Lã, Filipa M B; Gill, Brian P

    2016-09-01

    The theory of nonlinear source-filter interaction predicts that the glottal voice source should be affected by the frequency relationship between formants and partials. An attempt to experimentally verify this theory is presented. Glottal voice source and electrolaryngograph (ELG) signal differences between vowels were analyzed in vowel sequences, sung at four pitches with the same degree of vocal loudness by professional opera singers. In addition, the relationships between such differences and the frequency distance between the first formant (F1) and its closest partial were examined. A digital laryngograph microprocessor was used to simultaneously record audio and ELG signals. The former was inverse filtered, and voice source parameters and formant frequencies were extracted. The amplitude quotient of the derivative of the ELG signal (AQdELG) and the contact quotient were also compared. A one-way repeated-measures ANOVA revealed significant differences between vowels, for contact quotient at four pitches and for maximum flow declination rate (MFDR) at three pitches. For other voice source parameters, differences were found at one or two pitches only. No consistent correlation was found between MFDR and the distance between F1 and its closest partial. The glottal voice source tends to vary between vowels, presumably because of source-filter interaction, but the variation does not seem to be dependent on the frequency distance between F1 and its closest partial. Copyright © 2016 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Duration, Pitch, and Loudness in Kunqu Opera Stage Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Qichao; Sundberg, Johan

    2017-03-01

    Kunqu is a special type of opera within the Chinese tradition with 600 years of history. In it, stage speech is used for the spoken dialogue. It is performed in Ming Dynasty's mandarin language and is a much more dominant part of the play than singing. Stage speech deviates considerably from normal conversational speech with respect to duration, loudness and pitch. This paper compares these properties in stage speech conversational speech. A famous, highly experienced female singer's performed stage speech and reading of the same lyrics in a conversational speech mode. Clear differences are found. As compared with conversational speech, stage speech had longer word and sentence duration and word duration was less variable. Average sound level was 16 dB higher. Also mean fundamental frequency was considerably higher and more varied. Within sentences, both loudness and fundamental frequency tended to vary according to a low-high-low pattern. Some of the findings fail to support current opinions regarding the characteristics of stage speech, and in this sense the study demonstrates the relevance of objective measurements in descriptions of vocal styles. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Insegnare l'opera lirica all'università

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Gossett

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Insegnare l’opera lirica agli studenti di Musicologia non è più difficile che insegnare altre materie nell’àmbito della Storia della musica. Certo, per fare un buon lavoro occorre conoscere la letteratura, il teatro, le voci, la scenografia. Del resto, anche per insegnare dignitosamente il canto gregoriano si deve conoscere a fondo il latino, la storia della liturgia, la storia dell’arte eccetera. Siamo professionisti: sappiamo bene cos’è importante per noi – ci lavoriamo direttamente o attraverso i nostri studenti –, eppure non mancano gli studi in cui non crediamo molto. Volendo essere obiettivi, facciamo tuttavia del nostro meglio per far conoscere tutti gli studi di alto livello, senza dare giudizi negativi, al fine di preparare i nostri studenti alle diverse possibilità offerte dalla carriera professionale: potranno avere a che fare con i frequentatori degli archivi, con coloro che s’interessano soprattutto di drammaturgia, con i fans della new musicology, o con quei poverini che redigono edizioni critiche.

  12. Soap operas and social marketing: the PCI strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, I

    This article presents the impact of soap operas and social marketing efforts, developed by Population Communications International (PCI), on changing the attitude and behavior of individuals toward family planning, health, women empowerment, and pro-social issues. The objective of the program is to motivate individuals and communities to make reproductive health and development choices which will contribute significantly in slowing population growth. In addition, these were designed to complement the efforts of those providing health services in several countries. PCI is responsible in training creative talent, research in determining the issues and arrangements necessary for a program to be aired. After following the methods promoted by the PCI, reports on the Tanzania and Kenya programs further confirm that the mass media education programs for changing behavior are effective. During the two conferences organized by PCI, three American production organizations initiated new storylines based on the issues discussed. Moreover, several countries expressed their desire to develop similar conferences in their countries. To end, PCI is designing additional soaps in other countries; wherein, the problem lies not on contraceptive availability, but on deeply held fears, superstitions, and culture equating having children with man's virility and dominance.

  13. Performing Lieder: Expert Perspectives and Comparison of Vibrato and Singer's Formant With Opera Singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Read, Lynette; Chmiel, Anthony; Schubert, Emery; Wolfe, Joe

    2015-09-01

    This article reports three studies about performance of lieder, and in particular in comparison with opera performance. In study 1, 21 participants with experience in music performance and teaching completed a survey concerning various characteristics of lieder performance. The results showed that there was consensus between the literature and the assessment of an expert panel-that a "natural" and "unoperatic" vibrato was favored, and that diction, text, and variation of tone are all important aspects of lieder performance. Two acoustic analyses were conducted to investigate genre-specific differences of the singer's formant and vibrato parameters. The first analysis (study 2) used 18 single quasi-unaccompanied notes from commercial recordings of two lieder, and, for comparison, 20 single unaccompanied notes from an opera. Vibrato rate was statistically identical between the two genres at ~6.4 Hz; however, lieder featured a longer delay in vibrato onset. Vibrato extent was smaller for lieder (~112 cents) compared with opera (~138 cents). The singer's formant, which is generally associated with opera, was at times observed in the lieder recordings; however, this was at an overall significantly weaker intensity than in the opera recordings. The results were replicated in study 3, where recordings using only singers who performed in both lied and opera were analyzed. This direct comparison used 45 lieder notes and 55 opera notes and also investigated three different methods of analyzing the singer's formant. A number of consistencies and inconsistencies were identified between acoustic parameters reported in studies 2 and 3, and the beliefs of singing teachers and scholars in the literature and study 1.

  14. Muusikamaailm : Wiesbadeni maifestival. Olukord Royal Operas rahuneb. Uus ooper Houstonis. Grame"i festival Lyonis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Saksamaal toimuvast Wiesbadeni maifestivalist. Muutustest Londoni Kuninglikus Ooperiteatris. T. Machoveri ooperi "Resurrection" maailmaesiettekandest Houstoni Grand Operas. Grame'i uue muusika festivalist Lyonis

  15. Muusikamaailm : Wiesbadeni maifestival. Olukord Royal Operas rahuneb. Uus ooper Houstonis. Grame"i festival Lyonis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Saksamaal toimuvast Wiesbadeni maifestivalist. Muutustest Londoni Kuninglikus Ooperiteatris. T. Machoveri ooperi "Resurrection" maailmaesiettekandest Houstoni Grand Operas. Grame'i uue muusika festivalist Lyonis

  16. Zora D. by Isidora Žebeljan: Towards the new opera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čičovački Borislav

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Opera Zora D., composed by Isidora Žebeljan during 2002 and 2003, and which was premiered in Amsterdam in June 2003, is the first Serbian opera that had a world premiere abroad. It is also the first Serbian opera that has been staged outside Serbia since 1935, after being acclaimed at a competition organized by the Genesis Foundation from London. Isidora Žebeljan was commissioned (granted financial backing to compose a complete opera with a secured stage realization. The Dutch Chamber Opera (Opera studio Nederland and the Viennese Chamber Opera (Wiener Kammeroper were the co-producers of the first production. The opera was directed by David Pountney, the renowned opera director, while an international team of young singers and celebrated artists assisted the co-production. The opera was played three times in Amsterdam. Winfried Maczewski conducted the Amsterdam Nieuw Ensemble whereas Daniel Hoyem Cavazza conducted the Wiener Kammeroper on twelve performances. The Viennese premier of Zora D. opened the season of celebrations, thus marking the 50th anniversary of the Wiener Kammeroper. The libretto, based on the script for a TV film by Dušan Ristić, was co-written by Isidora Žebeljan, Milica Žebeljan and Borislav Čičovački. Speaking of genre, the libretto represents a mélange of thriller, melodrama and mystery, with elements of fiction. The opera consists of the prologue and seven scenes. The story, set in the present-day Belgrade, also goes back to the 1930’s and the periods interweave. The opera was written for four vocalists: the soprano, the baritone, and two mezzo-sopranos. The chamber orchestra has fifteen musicians. The story: One summer day in 1935, Belgrade poetess Zora Dulijan mysteriously disappears. Sixty years later, Mina, an ordinary girl from Belgrade, quite unexpectedly becomes part of an incredible story, which gradually unravels as time goes by. Led by a dream (recurring night after night, with some vague verses about

  17. OPERA and MINOS Experimental Result Prove Big Bang Theory Invalid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressler, David E.

    2012-03-01

    The greatest error in the history of science is the misinterpretation of the Michelson-Morley Experiment. The speed of light was measured to travel at the same speed in all three directions (x, y, z axis) in ones own inertial reference system; however, c will always be measured as having an absolute different speed in all other inertial frames at different energy levels. Time slows down due to motion or a gravity field. Time is the rate of physical process. Speed = Distance/Time. If the time changes the distance must change. Therefore, BOTH mirrors must move towards the center of the interferometer and space must contract in all-three-directions; C-Space. Gravity is a C-Space condition, and is the cause of redshift in our universe-not motion. The universe is not expanding. OPERA results are directly indicated; at the surface of earth, the strength of the gravity field is at maximum-below the earth's surface, time and space is less distorted, C-Space; therefore, c is faster. Newtonian mechanics dictate that a spherical shell of matter at greater radii, with uniform density, produces no net force on an observer located centrally. An observer located on the sphere's surface, like our Earth's or a large sphere, like one located in a remote galaxy, will construct a picture centered on himself to be identical to the one centered inside the spherical shell of mass. Both observers will view the incoming radiation, emitted by the other observer, as redshifted, because they lay on each others radial line. The Universe is static and very old.

  18. Vocal Assessment Before, After, and the Day After Opera Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHenry, Monica; Evans, Joseph; Powitzky, Eric

    2016-03-01

    To explore aerodynamic, acoustic, and laryngeal changes surrounding opera performance. Prospective preperformance, postperformance, and day after performance. The laryngeal and vocal function of five male and five female classically trained singers was assessed immediately before, immediately after, and 1 day after an actual operatic performance. Phonatory threshold pressure was obtained. In addition, during a full-voice singing task, aerodynamic and acoustic measures included estimated subglottal pressure, airflow during voicing, laryngeal resistance, and sound pressure level (SPL). Expert listeners in the audience judged performers' voice quality at the beginning and the end of the performance. Laryngeal visualization was performed immediately before performance and the day after performance. Laryngeal stroboscopy revealed allergy symptoms with no change in vocal fold edges for all men. Women were less impacted by allergies. For all singers, perceptual judgments of expert listeners in the audience corresponded well with laryngeal findings. The men whose voices were perceived to be balanced and strong across the performance demonstrated increased airflow and reduced laryngeal resistance after performance. The two women who did not sing in church the morning after the performance demonstrated increased airflow and reduced laryngeal resistance. The two men who did sing in church the morning after the performance demonstrated noticeably reduced SPL and increased laryngeal resistance the day after performance. It appears most useful to describe the complexity of vocal performance with a variety of acoustic, aerodynamic, and perceptual measures. The findings further suggest that vocal rest the day after performance may facilitate recovery. Copyright © 2016 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Collaboration of the Dutch research program for radioactive waste disposal (OPERA) and TU Delft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bykov, D.M.; Kloosterman, J.L. [TU Delft (Netherlands). Reactor Inst. Delft; Neeft, E.A.C.; Verhoef, E.V. [COVRA N.V., Nieuwdorp (Netherlands)

    2015-07-01

    Radioactive waste in the Netherlands is collected, treated and stored by COVRA (Centrale Organisatie Voor Radioactief Afval) in the interim storage facility for at least 100 a. After this period of long-term storage, geological disposal is foreseen. The policy is based on a step-wise decision process in which all decisions are taken to ensure safe disposal in a repository, but without excluding unforeseen alternative solutions that might develop in the future. OPERA is the Dutch acronym for research program into geological disposal of radioactive waste. It started in 2011 and is running for five years. The OPERA Research plan is developed by NRG in close collaboration with COVRA. Radioactive waste disposal in the Netherlands is at an early, conceptual phase. The aim of Opera is to develop a first preliminary safety case to structure the research necessary for the eventual deployment of a repository in the Netherlands. The OPERA research program aims at a close cooperation with the Belgian research program on radioactive waste disposal. The result of OPERA will be to detail a first roadmap for the long-term research on geological disposal of radioactive waste in the Netherlands, based initially on a re-evaluation of existing safety and feasibility studies conducted more than ten years ago, making use of present international and, wherever possible, national knowledge. This will be done by developing initial and conditional safety cases for generic GDFs in Zechstein rock salt and Boom Clay formations in the Netherlands. The goal in OPERA is to develop initial safety cases that are intended to mark the start of the research development process and to iterate these as knowledge grows to new developed insights. The safety case is conditional since plausible assumptions must later be confirmed in a safety case e.g. for site selection. Dutch, Belgian, German, English and French organizations participate in OPERA. These organizations can be found in the two documents with

  20. Target Audience of Live Opera Transmissions to Cinema Theatres from the Marketing Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radek Tahal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Opera has a famous history and even the present-day repertoire in opera houses mostly consists of classical and well-known works. Marketers are trying to find new ways that would enable opera lovers all over the world to enjoy top quality performances. One of the most successful models is real-time transmissions of operas to geographically remote cinemas. Cinemas from all around the world participate in the project. In this paper, the authors analyze the spectators´ profile and point out differences between North America and the Czech Republic, focusing on transmissions of performances by the Metropolitan Opera in New York. The authors submit a detailed analysis of the socio-demographic characteristics of the spectators and the attendance frequency. Special attention is paid to the marketing profile of Czech spectators, based on primary data gathered in the research. The paper is a combination of research report and business case study. The study reveals that female visitors prevail. Elderly people are also represented in high percentages. The spectators are characterized by refined taste in their lifestyles and familiarity with modern technology.

  1. Opera: reconstructing optimal genomic scaffolds with high-throughput paired-end sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Song; Sung, Wing-Kin; Nagarajan, Niranjan

    2011-11-01

    Scaffolding, the problem of ordering and orienting contigs, typically using paired-end reads, is a crucial step in the assembly of high-quality draft genomes. Even as sequencing technologies and mate-pair protocols have improved significantly, scaffolding programs still rely on heuristics, with no guarantees on the quality of the solution. In this work, we explored the feasibility of an exact solution for scaffolding and present a first tractable solution for this problem (Opera). We also describe a graph contraction procedure that allows the solution to scale to large scaffolding problems and demonstrate this by scaffolding several large real and synthetic datasets. In comparisons with existing scaffolders, Opera simultaneously produced longer and more accurate scaffolds demonstrating the utility of an exact approach. Opera also incorporates an exact quadratic programming formulation to precisely compute gap sizes (Availability: http://sourceforge.net/projects/operasf/ ).

  2. Is OPERA Neutrino Superluminal Propagation similar to Gain-Assisted Superluminal Light Propagation

    CERN Document Server

    Pankovic, Vladan

    2011-01-01

    In this work we consider a possible conceptual similarity between recent, amazing OPERA experiment of the superluminal propagation of neutrino and experiment of the gain-assisted superluminal light propagation realized about ten years ago. Last experiment refers on the propagation of the light, precisely laser pulse through a medium, precisely caesium atomic gas, with characteristic anomalous dispersion and corresponding negative group-velocity index that implies superluminal propagation of the light through this medium. Nevertheless all this, at it has been pointed out by authors, "is not at odds with causality or special relativity", since it simply represents "a direct consequence of the classical interference between ... different frequency components". We observe that OPERA experiment is in many aspects conceptually very similar to the gain-assisted superluminal light propagation, including superposition of the neutrinos component and superluminality magnitudes. For this reason we suppose that OPERA expe...

  3. Data evaluation and CNGS beam localization with the precision tracker of the OPERA detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bick, D.

    2007-04-15

    In this diploma thesis, the data evaluation for the OPERA precision tracker is presented. Furthermore investigations of a precise CNGS beam localization with the precision tracker are performed. After an overview of past and present developments in neutrino physics, the OPERA detector is presented in this thesis. Emphasis is given to the precision tracker which has been partly commissioned in the end of the last year. A first analysis of the functionality with cosmic muons has been performed, as well as the inclusion of data in the OPERA software framework. Within this thesis some useful tools have been developed which are also presented. Finally, divergence effects from the nominal beam line of the CNGS neutrino beam and possible detection with the precision tracker are studied. (orig.)

  4. Momentum measurement by the Multiple Coulomb Scattering method in the OPERA lead emulsion target

    CERN Document Server

    Agafonova, N.; Altinok, O.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Bagulya, A.; Ben Dhahbi, A.; Bertolin, A.; Besnier, M.; Bozza, C.; Brugiere, T.; Brugnera, R.; Brunet, F.; Brunetti, G.; Buontempo, S.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Chernyavskiy, M.; Chiarella, V.; Chukanov, A.; D'Ambrosio, N.; Dal Corso, F.; De Lellis, G.; del Amo Sanchez, P.; Declais, Y.; De Serio, M.; Di Capua, F.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Egorov, O.; Enikeev, R.; Ereditato, A.; Esposito, L.S.; Favier, J.; Ferber, T.; Fini, R.A.; Frekers, D.; Fukuda, T.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Giorgini, M.; Gollnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Golubkov, D.; Goncharova, L.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Grianti, F.; Guler, A.M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hamada, K.; Hara, T.; Hierholzer, M.; Hollnagel, A.; Hoshino, K.; Ieva, M.; Ishida, H.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Juget, F.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Kazuyama, K.; Kim, S.H.; Kimura, M.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Knuesel, J.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Kubota, H.; Lazzaro, C.; Lenkeit, J.; Lippi, I.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P.; Lutter, G.; Malgin, A.; Mandrioli, G.; Manai, K.; Marteau, J.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meisel, F.; Meregaglia, A.; Migliozzi, P.; Mikado, S.; Miyamoto, S.; Monacelli, P.; Morishima, K.; Moser, U.; Muciaccia, M.T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Naumov, D.; Nikitina, V.; Niwa, K.; Nonoyama, Y.; Ogawa, S.; Okateva, N.; Olshevskiy, A.; Paniccia, M.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B.D.; Park, I.G.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pennacchio, E.; Pessard, H.; Pretzl, K.; Pilipenko, V.; Pistillo, C.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Rescigno, R.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Romano, G.; Rosa, G.; Rostovtseva, I.; Rubbia, A.; Russo, A.; Ryasny, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Schembri, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Song, J.S.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stipcevic, M.; Strauss, T.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tezuka, I.; Tioukov, V.; Tolun, P.; Trabelsi, A.; Tran, T.; Tufanli, S.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J.L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yakushev, V.; Yoon, C.S.; Yoshioka, T.; Yoshida, J.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, A.; Zimmermann, R.

    2012-01-01

    A new method of momentum measurement of charged particles through Multiple Coulomb Scattering (MCS) in the OPERA lead emulsion target is presented. It is based on precise measurements of track angular deviations performed thanks to the very high resolution of nuclear emulsions. The algorithm has been tested with Monte Carlo (MC) pions. The results are found to describe within the expected uncertainties the data obtained from test beams. We also report a comparison of muon momenta evaluated through MCS in the OPERA lead emulsion target with those determined by the electronic detectors for neutrino charged current interaction events. The two independent measurements agree within the experimental uncertainties, and the results validate the algorithm developed for the emulsion detector of OPERA.

  5. Telenovela: uma semiose híbrida The soap opera: a hybrid semiosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Paiva de Araujo Soares

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto propõe um caminho analítico para a telenovela, considerada como narrativa de grande consumo, que privilegia a categoria pastiche. Procura-se mostrar aqui como o folhetim eletrônico absorve e reinterpreta conteúdos fabulativos de outros gêneros da indústria cultural, produzindo um tipo particular de recepção. Toma-se como caso principal de observação a telenovela O Profeta. The soap opera: a hybrid semiosis — This text proposes a new way of analyzing the Brazilian soap opera, which is seen as a narrative of widespread consumption that privileges the "pastiche" category. We attempt to show how the electronic feuilleton absorbs and reinterprets fictional contents from other genres of the mass culture industry to produce a particular type of reception. The main object of this study is a soap opera called The Prophet.

  6. Long-term operation test of RPCs for the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Barichello, G; Brugnera, R; Candela, A; Carrara, E; D'Incecco, M; Dal Corso, F; Degli Esposti, L; Dusini, S; Garfagnini, A; Gustavino, C; Lindozzi, M; Mengucci, A; Monacelli, P; Paoloni, A; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Terranova, F; Ventura, M; Votano, L

    2004-01-01

    OPERA is one of the two detectors foreseen in the CERN Neutrino to Gran Sasso project, devoted to the detection of nu//mu into nu //tau oscillations in the parameter region suggested by SuperKamiokande data on atmospheric neutrinos. Bakelite RPCs will be used to instrument the iron yoke of the muon spectrometers. We present the results of long-term (greater than 6 months) streamer operations of real size OPERA RPCs at cosmic rays fluxes. Given the very low rate observed in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratories, under 3 km w.e., even this short time period is equivalent to more than 10 OPERA years. Results of tests with different gas mixtures are reported, in view of decreasing the streamer charge of operation for the RPCs employed in the experiment.

  7. Retorik dan Makna Ideologis Karya Instalasi dalam Film Opera Jawa Garin Nugroho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Budiman

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Film Opera Jawa karya Garin Nugroho mencoba memadukan berbagai bidang dan genre seni di dalamnya. Melalui kolaborasi dengan sejumlah maestro seni, mulai dari seni vokal dan musik Jawa, seni kostum, seni tari, sampai dengan seni instalasi yang digarap oleh para perupa seperti Entang Wiharso, Nindityo Adipurnomo, dan kawan-kawan, boleh dikatakan bahwa Opera Jawa merupakan sebuah fi lm yang sangat peduli akan visualitas. Berdasarkan pada pembacaan semiotis atas karya-karya instalasi ini di dalam konteks adegan-adegan yang terkait, dapat diketahui bahwa signifi kasi karya-karya instalasi ini pada tataran pesan simbolik telah mengedepankan konotator-konotator utama yang berupa fi gur-fi gur retorik seperti metafora, metonimi, simbol, dan personifi kasi; sementara pada dimensi ideologisnya pun tersingkap beberapa petanda konotatif utama yang sangat signifikan perannya bagi proses pemahaman atas film ini.   Kata kunci: seni instalasi, signifi kasi, retorik, ideologi. ABSTRACT The rhetorical and ideological meaning of the installation works in Opera Jawa Film by Garin Nugroho. Opera Jawa fi lm by Garin Nugroho tries to combine many kinds of art fi eld and its genre. The collaborative project carried out by some arts maestros - from the singing art and Javanese music, fashion, and the dancing art, to the installation art which was carried out by some artists, such as Entang Wiharso, Nindito Adipurnomo, and friends – could give the most signifi cant effect to Opera Jawa which pays more attention to visualization. Based on the semiotic reading to the installation works in the contexts of interrelated scenes, it can be known that the signifi cance of the installation works on the symbolic of the message level has emphasized the main connotations which consist of the rhetorical fi gures such as: metaphor, metonymy, symbol, and personifi cation. On the other hand, based on the ideological dimension, the main connotative signs which are regarded

  8. Teachers' Transformation as Learning: Teaching Cantonese Opera in Hong Kong Schools with a Teacher-Artist Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Bo Wah

    2014-01-01

    The Hong Kong Government has advocated teaching Cantonese opera in the school music curriculum to promote Chinese culture education. This longitudinal study aims to examine how and why teachers transform within 3 years in learning and teaching Cantonese opera with a teacher-artist partnership approach in schools. Five primary and two secondary…

  9. Teachers' Transformation as Learning: Teaching Cantonese Opera in Hong Kong Schools with a Teacher-Artist Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Bo Wah

    2014-01-01

    The Hong Kong Government has advocated teaching Cantonese opera in the school music curriculum to promote Chinese culture education. This longitudinal study aims to examine how and why teachers transform within 3 years in learning and teaching Cantonese opera with a teacher-artist partnership approach in schools. Five primary and two secondary…

  10. Search for νμ → νe Oscillations with the Opera Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemskova, S. G.

    2015-06-01

    The main goal of the OPERA experiment is the direct observation of νμ → ντ oscillations in appearance mode in the quasi pure νμ CNGS beam. Profiting of the tracking capabilities of the OPERA active target it is possible to detect and reconstruct νe interactions and therefore to study the subdominant νμ → νe oscillation channel. Current results on this channel in the three-flavour mixing model are presented. The same data allow to constrain the non-standard oscillation parameters indicated by the LSND and MiniBooNE experiments.

  11. νμ → ν e oscillations search in the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemskova, S.

    2016-11-01

    The tracking capabilities of the OPERA detector allow to reconstruct τ-leptons and electrons. It gives a possibility to observe νμ → ντ oscillations in the appearance mode and to study νμ → ν e oscillations in the νμ CNGS beam. Current results on νμ → ν e channel in the three-flavour mixing model are presented. The same data allow to constrain the presence of additional sterile neutrino states. The analysis of the full 2008-2012 OPERA data set and work on its improvement are going on. Details of the achievements are presented.

  12. Observation of νµ → ντ oscillations by the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusini, S.

    2015-07-01

    The OPERA experiment is searching for the νµ → ντ oscillations via the direct detection of decays of τ leptons produced in ντ Charged Current interactions. In a sub-sample of the data recorded in the years 2008-2012, OPERA observes 4 ντ candidate events with a total expected background of 0.233 ± 0.041 events, excluding the non-oscillation hypothesis at 32 the 4.2σ level. This result is used to measure for the first time the Δ m322 oscillation parameter in appearance mode.

  13. The Sydney Opera House: Politics in the Creation of an Icon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carter, Adrian; Tyrrell, Roger

    2013-01-01

    by the Labor Premier of New South Wales, who both saw the Opera House project, as a means for Sydney to raise its status as a city. The choice of an open international architectural competition for the Sydney Opera House reflected the aspirations for the project, as did the selection of the most dramatic...... of form, material and function, motivated by social values. For Utzon his approach to architectural design was further informed by a profound appreciation of nature and remarkable openness to transcultural sources of inspiration. It is Utzon’s highly original and innovative synthesis of many diverse...

  14. Pro-development soap operas: a novel approach to development communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, W J; Singhal, A; Rogers, E M

    1989-01-01

    Soap operas have their roots in 18th century English romance novels. These evolved into serialized radio dramas. In their current form, they were developed primarily to attract large audiences in order to sell consumer products. Hence the name soap which refers to the soap manufacturers who commonly advertise on such programs. In the world of soap operas there are 2 kinds. Those that function primarily to entertain and sell consumer products, and those that primarily entertain, but infuse positive social messages. The former are found everywhere, but are the only kind in America. The latter are found exclusively in developing countries. American soap operas have conveyed pro-social messages in the past, but they differ fundamentally from pro-development soap operas in their theoretical foundations. American soap operas are created by people who want to sell consumer goods. Development soap operas are created by people who want to convey pro-social messages that will aid their country's development. Both must be popular in order to be successful, but the former lack moral coherency, are unrealistic, erode values, and are created through a process of a theoretical development; while the latter have moral coherency, are realistic, promote values, and are created through a process of theoretical development. The 1st pro-development soap opera was Ven Conmigo (Come With Me) and was produced in Mexico between 1975-76. Its primary purpose was to increase adult literacy. During the year it ran, applicants at adult literacy centers rose by 600,000 or 63% compared to 7% the year before, and 2% the year after. The 2nd pro-development soap opera was Acompaname (Accompany Me) and it primary purpose was to promote family planning. It ran from 1977-78 and during that time the number of family planning adopters rose by 560,000 and contraceptive sale sin Mexico rose sharply. The question of what are pro-social messages and who should control them must be answered by each country in

  15. Discovery of ν_{{τ}}^{} appearance and recent results from OPERA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuda, T.; Opera Collaboration

    2017-07-01

    The OPERA experiment was designed to observe {ν_{μ}}→{ν_{τ}} oscillations through {ν_{τ}} appearance at a baseline of 730km in the CNGS beam. Newly developed emulsion analysis technology allows to measure {ν_e} , {ν_{μ}} and {ν_{τ}} interactions with the largest emulsion detector ever made. OPERA has detected five {ν_{τ}} candidates, allowing to reject the background-only hypothesis at 5.1 {σ} . The parameters for standard and non-standard oscillations are measured and constrained.

  16. Development and determination of the efficiency of the myon detector for the OPERA experiment; Entwicklung und Bestimmung der Nachweiseigenschaften des Myon-Detektors fuer das OPERA-Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sewing, J.

    2006-09-15

    The OPERA experiment is situated in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. It will search for neutrino oscillation from myonneutrinos to tauneutrinos with a massive lead/emulsion target. Part of the OPERA detector is the precision tracker. This precision tracker consists of about 10000 drift tubes of 8 m length. Its purpose is to measure the muon track in the spectrometer of the OPERA detector to determine their momentum and charge. This work studies the basic properties of the precision tracker, such as the dependency of the resolution and the efficiency of the drift tubes and various parameters. These parameters are among others the high voltage and the threshold of the discriminators. The results of these studies led to suitable work parameters at that the precision tracker fulfills the requirements. Further the attenuation of a single 8 m long drift tube was measured. The software, which is used for the track reconstruction, the determination of the resolution and the efficiency was tested with computer generated data from a GEANT simulation. (orig.)

  17. Keeping Up with the Joneses. A Soap Opera for Adult ESL Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Chiquita

    A series of high-interest, low English-language-learning-level stories developed for adult students of English as a second language are combined as a soap opera for classroom use. An introductory section outlines techniques for presentation of the texts on tape and in written form and for exercises in listening, making inferences, reading, and…

  18. Electromagnetic characterization of the 990 ton gapless magnets for the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Cazes, A; Dulach, B; Iungo, F; Incurvati, M; Orecchini, D; Peiro, G; Sanelli, C; Terranova, F; Ventura, M

    2007-01-01

    The instrumented targets of the OPERA neutrino experiment are complemented by two massive spectrometers based on gapless iron magnets. In 2006, a systematic assessment of their electromagnetic properties have been carried out. In this document, we report the results of such characterization and demonstrate that the achieved performance fulfill the physics requirements for the study of νμ→ντ oscillations.

  19. Muusikamaailm. Maailmaesiettekanne Krimmis. Herderi preemiad 2002. Opera Metz 250. Günter Wand 90 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Krimmis leiab aset Alemdar Karamanovi sümfoonia "Täideläinu" maailma esiettekanne. Johann Gottfried Herderi muusikapreemia sai nimekas rumeenia helilooja Aurel Stroe. Opera Metz Prantsusmaal tähistab oma 250ndat aastapäeva mitmete uuslavastustega. Dirigent Günter Wand tähistab 90ndat juubelit

  20. Muusikamaailm. Maailmaesiettekanne Krimmis. Herderi preemiad 2002. Opera Metz 250. Günter Wand 90 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Krimmis leiab aset Alemdar Karamanovi sümfoonia "Täideläinu" maailma esiettekanne. Johann Gottfried Herderi muusikapreemia sai nimekas rumeenia helilooja Aurel Stroe. Opera Metz Prantsusmaal tähistab oma 250ndat aastapäeva mitmete uuslavastustega. Dirigent Günter Wand tähistab 90ndat juubelit

  1. Effects of a Prosocial Television Soap Opera in Promoting Women's Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, William J.; Cody, Michael J.

    1991-01-01

    Investigates the effects of India's first long-running television soap opera that was designed to promote women's status in Indian society. Finds that exposure to the program was positively associated with viewers' involvement with the characters in the program and with viewer's television dependency, but did not make viewers more aware of women's…

  2. Keeping Up with the Joneses. A Soap Opera for Adult ESL Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Chiquita

    A series of high-interest, low English-language-learning-level stories developed for adult students of English as a second language are combined as a soap opera for classroom use. An introductory section outlines techniques for presentation of the texts on tape and in written form and for exercises in listening, making inferences, reading, and…

  3. Cartoons and Soap Operas: Popular Education in a Nova Scotia Fish Plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Anne

    1988-01-01

    In a Nova Scotia fish plant, a group primarily made up of women used cartoons and soap operas to educate plant workers on union issues, domestic violence, and health issues, demonstrating the effectiveness of using people's own culture as a vehicle for their education. (SK)

  4. Sex Roles and Soap Operas: What Adolescents Learn about Single Motherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Mary Strom

    1996-01-01

    Investigated the contribution of daytime television soap operas to the perception of the roles of single mothers. Findings reveal there is a perception that single mothers have good jobs, are well educated, are not poverty prone, have healthy babies, and have men friends who provide their children with love. The problem of adolescents and gender…

  5. MANAGEMENT ART - The Royal Danish Opera's Artistic Director Kasper Bech Holten as case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Hanne

    successful Artistic Director of the Royal Danish Opera, Kasper Bech Holten. The analysis shows that conventional management models primarily use the symbolic forms of science and myth, while Kasper integrates the symbolic forms of art and science. In what Kasper has to say on management, features...

  6. Graduate student voice use and vocal efficiency in an opera rehearsal week: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schloneger, Matthew J

    2011-11-01

    The purpose of this case study was to document graduate voice students' (N=2) voice use before, during, and after an intense week of opera rehearsals through (1) acquired Ambulatory Phonation Monitor (APM) data, (2) daily surveys, (3) participant activity logs, (4) three administrations of the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI), and (5) pre- and post-stroboscopic laryngeal examinations. Two female graduate students, both of whom were cast in a university production of Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress (stage names Anne and Baba) and both of whom served as graduate teaching assistants in voice, wore APMs during waking hours for 9 days, including two pretest baseline days, a 5-day intensive rehearsal week just before the opera production week, and 2 baseline days after opera performances were completed. Mean phonation time dose percentages (Dt) and daily distance dose averages (Dd) were similar between the pre- and posttest periods and the intensive week. Disaggregation of acquired data by four types of activities (opera rehearsals, personal practice time, voice teaching time, and nonrehearsal or teaching time) indicated that the highest mean Dts and Dds were acquired during personal practice time and voice teaching time. Daily surveys and SVHI data as well as the pre- and post-stroboscopies indicated no notable changes occurring in vocal health. Results indicated that these singers were conscious about their voice use during periods of extensive performance demands. However, high vocal doses during voice teaching times suggest that these individuals might benefit from teacher voice care education.

  7. The demands of professional opera singing on cranio-cervical posture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Gillian; Skinner, Margot

    2009-04-01

    Difficulty with singing is a rare but important complication following cervical spine surgery but there is little objective information regarding the cervical and head postural changes taking place during singing. The aim of this study was to identify postural changes in the cranio-cervical region associated with the demands of voice production in professional opera singing. The two Roentgen-cephalograms, one of which are taken whilst performing a specified singing task were taken from 18 professional opera students, 12 females (mean age 20.86 +/- 3.07 years) and six males (18.66 +/- 1.36 years). A paired t test compared mean cranio-cervical postural and pharyngeal/hyoid variables between the two registrations (P = 0.05). The association between the cranio-cervical postural variables and the pharyngeal/hyoid region in each registration position was examined using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. In singing, the position of the atlas with respect to the true vertical (P opera singing has relevance to the potential impact on voice quality in professional opera singers should they undergo cervical spine surgery.

  8. Somnambulism in Verdi's Macbeth and Bellini's La Sonnambula: opera, sleepwalking, and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Sironi, Vittorio Alessandro; Riva, Michele Augusto

    2015-01-01

    The arts can provide unique ways for determining how people not directly involved in medicine were viewing and informing others about physical and mental disorders. With operas, one need only think about how various perturbations of madness have been portrayed. Somnambulism has long been a particularly perplexing disorder, both to physicians and the laity, and it features in a number of operas. Two mid-nineteenth-century masterpieces are examined in detail in this contribution: Verdi's Macbeth and Bellini's La Sonnambula. In the former, the sleepwalking scene is faithful to what Shakespeare's had written early in the seventeenth century, a time of witchcraft, superstition, and the belief that nocturnal wanderings might be caused by guilt. In Bellini's opera, in contrast, the victim is an innocent girl who suffers from a quirk of nature, hence eliciting sympathy and compassion. By examining the early literature on somnambulism and comparing this disorder in these operas, we can see how thinking about this condition has changed and, more generally, how music was helping to generate new ways of thinking about specific diseases and medicine.

  9. Saber médico; saber psicológico: operações do olhar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane da Fonseca Proença

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo que consta de reflexões sobre o modo como o olhar opera no âmbito da prática, em duas abordagens nitidamente distintas (olhar objetivo versus olhar escuta e, conseqüentemente, o lugar reservado ao terapeuta e o paciente, dentro da lógica de cada olhar.

  10. Entertainment Education and Social Change: Evaluating a Children's Soap Opera in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Block, Liesbeth

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses audience responses to a children's soap opera produced and broadcast in Kenya. It examines the evaluation process in relation to qualitative audience research within Cultural Studies. It challenges an Entertainment-Education model of media as vehicles for messages and links strongly with Communication for Social Change…

  11. Opera and Poison: A Secret and Enjoyable Approach to Teaching and Learning Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre, Joao Paulo

    2013-01-01

    The storyline of operas, with historical or fictional characters, often include potions and poisons. This has prompted a study of the chemistry behind some operatic plots. The results were originally presented as a lecture given at the University of Minho in Portugal, within the context of the International Year of Chemistry. The same lecture was…

  12. Playing God: the rock opera that endeavors to become a bioethics education tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takala, Tuija; Häyry, Matti; Laing, Laurence

    2014-04-01

    This article describes and introduces a new innovative tool for bioethics education: a rock opera on the ethics of genetics written by two academics and a drummer legend. The origin of the idea, the characters and their development, and the themes and approaches as well as initial responses to the music and the show are described, and the various educational usages are explored.

  13. Search for Sterile Neutrinos at OPERA and other Long--Baseline Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Stanco, Luca

    2015-01-01

    The OPERA experiment at the CNGS beam has observed muon to tau neutrino oscillations in the atmospheric sector. Based on this result new limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino may be set. Preliminary results of the analysis done in the 3+1 neutrino framework are here presented. An update of the search for sterile neutrinos in the $\

  14. Polymorphous Narrative of Gothic Tradition in Linguistic Perspective: Comparing Fiction and Opera Libretto

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihina, Zoia

    2015-01-01

    This article is dedicated to revealing linguistic means that realise "the event" in the gothic narrative--H. James's novella "The Turn of the Screw" and the opera libretto of the same name. The event is treated as a situational change of states and presupposes that "the real" and "the unknown" should meet.…

  15. Authentic ESL Spoken Materials: Soap Opera and Sitcom versus Natural Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Surmi, Mansoor Ali

    2012-01-01

    TV shows, especially soap operas and sitcoms, are usually considered by ESL practitioners as a source of authentic spoken conversational materials presumably because they reflect the linguistic features of natural conversation. However, practitioners might be faced with the dilemma of how to evaluate whether such conversational materials reflect…

  16. So What's New? A Survey of the Educational Policies of Orchestras and Opera Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterson, Julia

    2010-01-01

    The creative music workshop involving professional players was intended to give direct support to school teachers and to enhance music in the classroom. However, today's large-scale, high-profile projects mounted by orchestras and opera companies appear to be developing into a full-scale industry on their own, their role in partnership with…

  17. Monitoramento da operação de colheita mecanizada de sementes de soja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo T. Cassia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A operação de colheita mecanizada de sementes demanda que as regulagens das colhedoras sejam dinâmicas, fato que afeta diretamente a qualidade da operação e dos grãos colhidos. Desta forma, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi monitorar, em intervalos regulares de tempo, a qualidade da operação de colheita de sementes de soja realizada simultaneamente por duas colhedoras de grãos, com emprego do controle estatístico de qualidade (CEQ. O trabalho foi realizado em um campo de produção de sementes na região de Catalão, GO, onde foram monitorados o desempenho operacional das colhedoras, as perdas quantitativas na colheita e as perdas qualitativas das sementes. Observou-se que as colhedoras monitoradas operaram em condições semelhantes porém as regulagens na folga do cilindro e na rotação do rotor otimizaram os índices de perdas mantendo a qualidade das sementes colhidas. Assim, todos os índices de perda avaliados, tanto as perdas quantitativas como os valores das perdas qualitativas, se encontraram dentro dos limites de controle estatístico o que permite se atribuir qualidade e confiabilidade para a operação de colheita mecanizada de sementes.

  18. Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus / Michel Parouty

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parouty, Michel

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus (Najade). Orchestre de l'Opea l'Efat de Vienne" Arlecchino ARL 14-16, distribution Dante (3 CD: 390 F). 1935, 1944. TT: 3h 46'17"

  19. arXiv Search for Sterile Neutrinos at OPERA and other Long-Baseline Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Stanco, Luca

    2016-02-23

    The OPERA experiment at the CNGS beam has observed muon to tau neutrino oscillations in the atmospheric sector. Based on this result new limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino may be set. Preliminary results of the analysis done in the 3+1 neutrino framework are here presented. An update of the search for sterile neutrinos in the $\

  20. Opera and Poison: A Secret and Enjoyable Approach to Teaching and Learning Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre, Joao Paulo

    2013-01-01

    The storyline of operas, with historical or fictional characters, often include potions and poisons. This has prompted a study of the chemistry behind some operatic plots. The results were originally presented as a lecture given at the University of Minho in Portugal, within the context of the International Year of Chemistry. The same lecture was…

  1. So What's New? A Survey of the Educational Policies of Orchestras and Opera Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterson, Julia

    2010-01-01

    The creative music workshop involving professional players was intended to give direct support to school teachers and to enhance music in the classroom. However, today's large-scale, high-profile projects mounted by orchestras and opera companies appear to be developing into a full-scale industry on their own, their role in partnership with…

  2. Authentic ESL Spoken Materials: Soap Opera and Sitcom versus Natural Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Surmi, Mansoor Ali

    2012-01-01

    TV shows, especially soap operas and sitcoms, are usually considered by ESL practitioners as a source of authentic spoken conversational materials presumably because they reflect the linguistic features of natural conversation. However, practitioners might be faced with the dilemma of how to evaluate whether such conversational materials reflect…

  3. China National Peking Opera Company’s Performance Jour of Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>On November 26, 2009,more than 2,000 theatre-goers filled Sun Plaza Theatre in Nakano,Tokyo to full capacity.They were avidly reading the finely printed program or cartoon strip of the play, waiting with great interest for the curtain to rise on the Peking Opera

  4. Entertainment Education and Social Change: Evaluating a Children's Soap Opera in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Block, Liesbeth

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses audience responses to a children's soap opera produced and broadcast in Kenya. It examines the evaluation process in relation to qualitative audience research within Cultural Studies. It challenges an Entertainment-Education model of media as vehicles for messages and links strongly with Communication for Social Change…

  5. The Benefits of Exploring Opera for the Social and Emotional Development of High-Ability Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Kristin B.

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses how the exploration of opera with high-ability students can contribute to positive social and emotional development, particularly the development of humane intelligence, by stimulating ethical and moral awareness, making connections with age-old truths of humanity, and providing a powerful genre for self-expression. Teaching…

  6. How Do Interactive Virtual Operas Shift Relationships between Music, Text and Image?

    CERN Document Server

    Bonardi, Alain

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present the new genre of interactive operas implemented on personal computers. They differ from traditional ones not only because they are virtual, but mainly because they offer to composers and listeners new perspectives of combinations and interactions between music, text and visual aspects.

  7. Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus / Michel Parouty

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parouty, Michel

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus (Najade). Orchestre de l'Opea l'Efat de Vienne" Arlecchino ARL 14-16, distribution Dante (3 CD: 390 F). 1935, 1944. TT: 3h 46'17"

  8. Development of analysis and reconstruction tools in Opera and analysis of {tau} {yields} 3 charged hadrons channel; Developpement des outils d'analyse et de reconstruction dans OPERA et analyse du canal {tau} {yields} 3 hadrons charges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lavy, M

    2004-07-01

    OPERA aims to prove the existence of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillation by a direct observation of {nu}{sub {tau}} appearance in a {nu}{sub {mu}} beam. To achieve this goal, a pure {nu}{sub {mu}} beam is produced at CERN and directed towards the Gran Sasso underground laboratory where the OPERA detector is located. The nuclear emulsions composing the detector have a very high degree of accuracy in position ({mu}m) and should allow {tau} lepton detection produced via {nu}{sub {tau}} charged current interaction. The emulsions analysis is thus a key point of the OPERA experiment. The development of simulation and reconstruction software is a part of this thesis work. In an other part of this thesis, it is shown that with a suitable kinematic analysis, the 3 charged hadrons tau decay channel can be used as any tau decay channels in the OPERA data analysis. (author)

  9. Are OPERA neutrinos faster than light because of non-inertial reference frames?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Germanà, C.

    2012-02-01

    Context. Recent results from the OPERA experiment reported a neutrino beam traveling faster than light. The challenging experiment measured the neutrino time of flight (TOF) over a baseline from the CERN to the Gran Sasso site, concluding that the neutrino beam arrives ~60 ns earlier than a light ray would do. Because the result, if confirmed, has an enormous impact on science, it might be worth double-checking the time definitions with respect to the non-inertial system in which the neutrino travel time was measured. An observer with a clock measuring the proper time τ free of non-inertial effects is the one located at the solar system barycenter (SSB). Aims: Potential problems in the OPERA data analysis connected with the definition of the reference frame and time synchronization are emphasized. We aim to investigate the synchronization of non-inertial clocks on Earth by relating this time to the proper time of an inertial observer at SSB. Methods: The Tempo2 software was used to time-stamp events observed on the geoid with respect to the SSB inertial observer time. Results: Neutrino results from OPERA might carry the fingerprint of non-inertial effects because they are timed by terrestrial clocks. The CERN-Gran Sasso clock synchronization is accomplished by applying corrections that depend on special and general relativistic time dilation effects at the clocks, depending on the position of the clocks in the solar system gravitational well. As a consequence, TOF distributions are centered on values shorter by tens of nanoseconds than expected, integrating over a period from April to December, longer if otherwise. It is worth remarking that the OPERA runs have always been carried out from April/May to November. Conclusions: If the analysis by Tempo2 holds for the OPERA experiment, the excellent measurement by the OPERA collaboration will turn into a proof of the general relativity theory in a weak field approximation. The analysis presented here is falsifiable

  10. The influence of Earth rotation in neutrino speed measurements between CERN and the OPERA detector

    CERN Document Server

    Kuhn, Markus G

    2011-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory recently reported, in arXiv:1109.4897v1, high-accuracy velocity measurements of neutrinos from the CERN CNGS beam over the 730 km distance between the two laboratories. This raised significant interest, as the observed neutrinos appeared to arrive at the OPERA detector about 60 ns (or equivalently 18 m) earlier than would have been expected if they had traveled at the speed of light, with high statistical significance. As the authors did not indicate whether and how they took into account the Coriolis effect that Earth's rotation has on the (southeastwards traveling) neutrinos, this brief note quantifies this effect. It would explain only a 2.2 ns earlier arrival time.

  11. Personal communication networks and the effects of an entertainment-education radio soap opera in Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, S

    2001-01-01

    The personal networks of listeners and nonlisteners to an entertainment-education radio soap opera in Tanzania are examined to determine the effects of interpersonal discussion of the soap opera's educational themes of family planning and HIV prevention. Listeners are more likely to discuss these two educational issues in their personal communication networks and are also more likely to have other listeners to the radio program in their personal communication networks. Respondents demonstrate a relatively high degree of homophily with their network partners and are more likely to discuss matters arising from the radio program with their network partners who are of similar tribal membership, religious affiliation, and gender, and those who are equally or more highly educated than themselves.

  12. Kinematical analysis with the Emulsion Cloud Chamber in the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Di Capua, F

    2010-01-01

    The OPERA experiment aims at measuring for the first time neutrino oscil- lation in appearance mode through the detection of ni-tau in an almost pure niμ beam produced at CERN SPS (CNGS), 730 km far from the detector. The ni-tau appearance signal is identified through the measurement of the decay daughter particles of the " lepton produced in CC ni-tau interactions. Since the short-lived " particle has, at the energy of the beam, an average decay length shorter than a 1 mm, a micrometric detection resolution is needed. The OPERA appara- tus is hybrid, using nuclear emulsion as high precision tracker and electronic detectors for the time stamp, event localization in the target and muon recon- struction. The Emulsion Cloud Chamber technique fulfils the requirement of a microscopic resolution together with a large target mass. The kinematical analysis allowed by this technique is described.

  13. 'Little Hans': from his phobic episode to becoming an opera director.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vives, Jean-Michel

    2012-08-01

    'Little Hans' is one of the most highly commented cases in the psychoanalytic literature. His work as an opera director from 1925 in Europe and then in the United States of America is much less well known. This may seem especially surprising given that Freud very soon detects Hans's emerging interest in this subject. Yet Freud does not mention it either in 1909 when he reports the case, or when Hans visits him in 1922, even though Hans had already decided to become an opera director at this point. The author of this article endeavours to show how this artistic choice could be understood as a way of accommodating, in a double transference relationship with Freud and with his father, the unanalysed residue of the 'Krawall' (a term invented by Hans) and 'the black thing', both of which appeared during the phobic period.

  14. Long-term-average spectrum characteristics of Kunqu Opera singers' speaking, singing and stage speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Li; Kong, Jiangping; Sundberg, Johan

    2014-07-01

    Long-term-average spectrum (LTAS) characteristics were analyzed for ten Kunqu Opera singers, two in each of five roles. Each singer performed singing, stage speech, and conversational speech. Differences between the roles and between their performances of these three conditions are examined. After compensating for Leq difference LTAS characteristics still differ between the roles but are similar for the three conditions, especially for Colorful face (CF) and Old man roles, and especially between reading and singing. The curves show no evidence of a singer's formant cluster peak, but the CF role demonstrates a speaker's formant peak near 3 kHz. The LTAS characteristics deviate markedly from non-singers' standard conversational speech as well as from those of Western opera singing.

  15. VIEW OF THE OPERA IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE AS A PART OF ACCULTURATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyit YÖRE

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available When a society lives with a different society, they do an acculturation directly or indirectly in a process. However, acculturation can be used directly for a political purpose as a part of innovation. Ottoman State purposed an innovation as a need in its period and it aimed to be level of Europe. Acculturation from Europe, called Westernization, was one of the ways which chosen by Ottoman for its purpose. European music and, as a arty part of it, opera were a part of acculturation in music. Therefore, this article investigates view of opera in Ottoman as a means musical acculturation with descriptive and interpretive approaches within the framework of ethnomusicology and cultural studies.

  16. A Eficácia da Liderança nas Operações Conjuntas

    OpenAIRE

    Loureiro, José

    2008-01-01

    As forças militares que participam nos novos Teatros de Operações são essencialmente conjuntas e cada vez mais combinadas, facto que merece a nossa atenção, uma vez que os líderes devem estar preparados para considerar este fenómeno. Assim, o tema “A eficácia da liderança em operações conjuntas”, surge como uma oportunidade para se sistematizar um conjunto de reflexões, que permita contribuir para a melhoria da performance do exercício de comando e liderança dos militares das Forças Armadas P...

  17. Tra il sospiro e l'epigramma. Analisi dell'opera di E. M. Cioran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mattia Luigi Pozzi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente elaborato ci occuperemo, da eretici, di un'eresia. Se esiste infatti una possibilità di definizione, per il pensiero e l'opera di Emil Michel Cioran, essa risiede proprio in questa parola così affilata e, al contempo, così vaga. Eterodosso rispetto a qualunque ortodossia, Cioran corrisponde al suo destino di pensatore dispiegando un pensiero frammentario che si declina come feccia, come residuo. E donandoci un'opera miracolosa per tono e stile, per la capacità di mostrare il lavorio del silenzio attraverso le parole, per la possibilità di dire nascondendo

  18. Návrh operačního zesilovače CMOS

    OpenAIRE

    Němec, Tomáš

    2008-01-01

    Práce se zabývá problematikou návrhu a simulace analogových integrovaných obvodů. Hlavním zaměřením práce je navrhnout rychlý, transkonduktanční, operační zesilovač. Je představen dvoustupňový operační zesilovač, využívající kompenzaci RC členem. Tato kompenzační metoda nulování nuly zabraňuje vzniku oscilací. This work deals with issues of design and simulation of analog integrated circuit. The general aim is to design high-speed transconductance differentiating amplifier. The two stage o...

  19. Study of the effects induced by lead on the emulsion films of the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Patrizii, L; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Arrabito, L; Autiero, D; Badertscher, A; Bay, F; Bergnoli, A; Bersani Greggio, F; Besnier, M; Bick, D; Bozza, C; Brugiere, T; Brugnera, R; Brunetti, G; Buontempo, S; Carrara, E; Cazes, A; Chaussard, L; Chernyavsky, M; Chiarella, V; Chon-Sen, N; Chukanov, A; Consiglio, L; Cozzi, M; Dal Corso, F; D'Amato, G; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; Declais, Y; De Serio, M; Di Capua, F; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Giovanni, A; Di Marco, N; Di Troia, C; Dmitrievski, S; Dominjon, A; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dulach, B; Dusini, S; Ebert, J; Egorov, O; Enikeev, R; Ereditato, A; Esposito, L S; Favier, Jean; Felici, G; Ferber, T; Fini, R; Franceschi, A; Fukuda, T; Fukushima, C; Galkin, V I; Galkin, V A; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Giorgini, M; Goellnitz, C; Golubkov, D; Gornoushkin, Y; Grella, G; Grianti, F; Güler, M; Gusev, G; Gustavino, C; Hagner, C; Hara, T; Hierholzer, M; Hiramatsu, S; Hoshino, K; Ieva, M; Jakovcic, K; Janicsko, C; sathy, J; Janutta, B; Jollet, C; Juget, F; Kawai, T; Kazuyama, M; Kim, S H; Kimura, M; Knuesel, J; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Köse, U; Kreslo, I; Laktineh, I; Lazzaro, C; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Lutter, G; Manai, K; Mandrioli, G; Manzoor, S; Marotta, A; Marteau, J; Matsuoka, H; Mauri, N; Meisel, F; Meregaglia, A; Messina, M; Migliozzi, P; Miyamoto, S; Monacelli, P; Morishima, K; Moser, U; Muciaccia, M T; Naganawa, N; Naka, T; Nakamura, M; Nakamura, T; Nakano, T; Nikitina, V; Niwa, K; Nonoyama, Y; Ogawa, S; Osedlo, V; Ossetski, D; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pastore, A; Pennacchio, L; Patrizii, E; Pessard, H; Pistillo, C; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Publichenko, P; Pupilli, F; Roganova, T; Rosa, G; Rostovtseva, I; Rubbia, K; Pretzl, A; Russo, A; Ryazhskaya, O; Ryzhikov, D; Sato, Y; Sato, O; Saveliev, V; Sazhina, G; Schembri, A; Scotto-Lavina, L; Shibuya, H; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Song, J S; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Starkov, N; Stipcevic, M; Strauss, T; Strolin, P; Sugonyaev, V; Taira, Y; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tioukov, V; Togo, V; Tolun, P; Tsarev, V; Tufanli, S; Ushida, N; Valieri, C; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Wurtz, J; Yoon, C S; Yoshida, J; Zaitsev, Y; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A; Zimmermann, R

    2008-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino oscillation experiment is based on the use of the Emulsion Cloud Chamber (ECC). In the OPERA ECC, nuclear emulsion films acting as very high precision tracking detectors are interleaved with lead plates providing a massive target for neutrino interactions. We report on studies related to the effects occurring from the contact between emulsion and lead. A low radioactivity lead is required in order to minimize the number of background tracks in emulsions and to achieve the required performance in the reconstruction of neutrino events. It was observed that adding other chemical elements to the lead, in order to improve the mechanical properties, may significantly increase the level of radioactivity on the emulsions. A detailed study was made in order to choose a lead alloy with good mechanical properties and an appropriate packing technique so as to have a low enough effective radioactivity.

  20. Event classification with the electronic detectors of the OPERA experiment using neural networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hierholzer, Martin C.

    2012-02-15

    The OPERA experiment searches for {nu}{sub {mu}} <-> {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations in appearance mode. It uses the emulsion cloud chamber (ECC) technique for a high spatial resolution combined with on-line components for event localisation and muon identification. The analysis of events in an ECC detector takes considerable time, especially in case of {nu}{sub {tau}}/{nu}{sub e} candidate events. A ranking of events by a probability for being a {nu}{sub {tau}}/{nu}{sub e} event can speed up the analysis of the OPERA experiment. An algorithm for such an event ranking based on a classification-type neural network is presented in this thesis. Almost all candidate events can be found within the first 30% of the analysed events if the described ranking is applied. This event ranking is currently applied for testing purposes by the OPERA collaboration, a decision on a full application for the whole analysis is pending. A similar neural network is used for discrimination between neutral and charged current events. This is used to observe neutrino oscillations in disappearance mode with the on-line components of the OPERA detector by measuring the energy dependence of the fraction of neutral current interactions. The confidence level of the observed oscillation effect is 87%. Assuming full mixing, the mass splitting has been determined to vertical stroke {delta}m{sup 2}{sub 32} vertical stroke =2.8{sub -1.7}{sup +1.4}.10{sup -3}eV{sup 2}.

  1. OPERA, MINOS Experimental Result Prove Special and General Relativity Theories; the Principle of Lorentz Invariance Invalid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressler, David E.

    2012-03-01

    A great discrepancy exists - the speed of light and the neutrino speed must be identical; as indicated by supernova1987A; yet, OPERA predicts faster-than-light neutrinos. Einstein's theories are based on the invariance of the speed of light, and no privileged Galilean frame of reference exists. Both of these hypotheses are in error and must be reconciled in order to solve the dilemma. The Michelson-Morley Experiment was misinterpreted - my Neoclassical Theory postulates that BOTH mirrors of the interferometer physically and absolutely move towards its center. The result is a three-directional-Contraction, (x, y, z axis), an actual distortion of space itself; a C-Space condition. ``PRESSLER'S LAW OF C-SPACE: The speed of light, c, will always be measured the same speed in all three directions (˜300,000 km/sec), in ones own inertial reference system, and will always be measured as having a different speed in all other inertial frames which are at a different kinetic energy level or at a location with a different strength gravity field'' Thus, the faster you go, motion, or the stronger the gravity field the smaller you get in all three directions. OPERA results are explained; at the surface of Earth, the strength of gravity field is at maximum -- below the earth's surface, time and space is less distorted; therefore, time is absolutely faster accordingly. Reference OPERA's preprint: Neutrino's faster time-effect due to altitude difference; (10-13ns) x c (299792458m) = 2.9 x 10-5 m/ns x distance (730085m) + 21.8m.) This is consistent with the OPERA result.

  2. Una bozza per un’ opera teatrale di Leonora Carrington e Remedios Varo

    OpenAIRE

    Scappini, Alessandra

    2016-01-01

    Si propone in questo saggio una breve analisi di una bozza per opera teatrale scritta da due artiste, Leonora Carrington e Remedios Varo, che si sono distinte nel panorama culturale delle avanguardie del novecento avvicinandosi al surrealismo per indicarne le corrispondenze analogiche e le relazioni tematiche, ma anche le differenze rispetto al movimento, svolgendo ognuna un percorso parallelo e autonomo specialmente quando migrano dal contesto europeo in Messico. In this paper is proposed...

  3. Limits on neutrino oscillations in the CNGS neutrino beam and event classification with the OPERA detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferber, Torben

    2012-09-15

    OPERA, the oscillation project with emulsion-tracking apparatus, is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. It combines an almost pure, high-energy {nu}{sub {mu}} beam produced at the SPS accelerator at CERN, Switzerland, with the OPERA neutrino detector located at a distance of about 730 km in the LNGS underground laboratory in Italy. By using a lead/photo emulsion target, {nu}{sub {tau}} charged current (CC) interactions of {nu}{sub {tau}} from {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations can be observed on an event-by-event basis with very low background rates. Within this thesis, a {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {mu}} disappearance search is described that uses a flux normalization. independent measurement of the CC event fraction as a function of the hadronic energy as measured by the electronic detectors of OPERA. This allows to derive limits on {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {mu}} oscillations, complementary to the main {nu}{sub {tau}} appearance analysis. For maximal mixing, vertical stroke {Delta}m{sup 2}{sub 23} vertical stroke >4.4 x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2} is excluded at 90% C.L. by the disappearance analysis. This thesis represents the first application of this method, including systematic uncertainties, in a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment.

  4. Can nonlinguistic musical training change the way the brain processes speech? The expanded OPERA hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Aniruddh D

    2014-02-01

    A growing body of research suggests that musical training has a beneficial impact on speech processing (e.g., hearing of speech in noise and prosody perception). As this research moves forward two key questions need to be addressed: 1) Can purely instrumental musical training have such effects? 2) If so, how and why would such effects occur? The current paper offers a conceptual framework for understanding such effects based on mechanisms of neural plasticity. The expanded OPERA hypothesis proposes that when music and speech share sensory or cognitive processing mechanisms in the brain, and music places higher demands on these mechanisms than speech does, this sets the stage for musical training to enhance speech processing. When these higher demands are combined with the emotional rewards of music, the frequent repetition that musical training engenders, and the focused attention that it requires, neural plasticity is activated and makes lasting changes in brain structure and function which impact speech processing. Initial data from a new study motivated by the OPERA hypothesis is presented, focusing on the impact of musical training on speech perception in cochlear-implant users. Suggestions for the development of animal models to test OPERA are also presented, to help motivate neurophysiological studies of how auditory training using non-biological sounds can impact the brain's perceptual processing of species-specific vocalizations. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled .

  5. The effect of visual and auditory cues on seat preference in an opera theater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Jin Yong; Kim, Yong Hee; Cabrera, Densil; Bassett, John

    2008-06-01

    Opera performance conveys both visual and auditory information to an audience, and so opera theaters should be evaluated in both domains. This study investigates the effect of static visual and auditory cues on seat preference in an opera theater. Acoustical parameters were measured and visibility was analyzed for nine seats. Subjective assessments for visual-only, auditory-only, and auditory-visual preferences for these seat positions were made through paired-comparison tests. In the cases of visual-only and auditory-only subjective evaluations, preference judgment tests on a rating scale were also employed. Visual stimuli were based on still photographs, and auditory stimuli were based on binaural impulse responses convolved with a solo tenor recording. For the visual-only experiment, preference is predicted well by measurements taken related to the angle of seats from the theater midline at the center of the stage, the size of the photographed stage view, the visual obstruction, and the distance from the stage. Sound pressure level was the dominant predictor of auditory preference in the auditory-only experiment. In the cross-modal experiments, both auditory and visual preferences were shown to contribute to overall impression, but auditory cues were more influential than the static visual cues. The results show that both a positive visual-only or a positive auditory-only evaluations positively contribute to the assessments of seat quality.

  6. Why would Musical Training Benefit the Neural Encoding of Speech? The OPERA Hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Aniruddh D

    2011-01-01

    Mounting evidence suggests that musical training benefits the neural encoding of speech. This paper offers a hypothesis specifying why such benefits occur. The "OPERA" hypothesis proposes that such benefits are driven by adaptive plasticity in speech-processing networks, and that this plasticity occurs when five conditions are met. These are: (1) Overlap: there is anatomical overlap in the brain networks that process an acoustic feature used in both music and speech (e.g., waveform periodicity, amplitude envelope), (2) Precision: music places higher demands on these shared networks than does speech, in terms of the precision of processing, (3) Emotion: the musical activities that engage this network elicit strong positive emotion, (4) Repetition: the musical activities that engage this network are frequently repeated, and (5) Attention: the musical activities that engage this network are associated with focused attention. According to the OPERA hypothesis, when these conditions are met neural plasticity drives the networks in question to function with higher precision than needed for ordinary speech communication. Yet since speech shares these networks with music, speech processing benefits. The OPERA hypothesis is used to account for the observed superior subcortical encoding of speech in musically trained individuals, and to suggest mechanisms by which musical training might improve linguistic reading abilities.

  7. Are OPERA neutrinos faster than light because of non-inertial reference frames?

    CERN Document Server

    Germana, Claudio

    2012-01-01

    Recent results from the OPERA experiment reported a neutrino beam traveling faster than light. The experiment measured the neutrino time of flight (TOF) over a baseline from the CERN to the Gran Sasso site. The neutrino beam arrives 60 ns earlier than a light ray would do. Because the result has an enormous impact on science, it might be worth double-checking the time definitions with respect to the non-inertial system in which the neutrino travel time was measured. Potential problems in the OPERA data analysis connected with the definition of the reference frame and time synchronization are emphasized. We aim to investigate the synchronization of non-inertial clocks on Earth by relating this time to the proper time of an inertial observer at Solar System Barycenter(SSB). The Tempo2 software was used to time-stamp events observed on the geoid with respect to the SSB inertial observer time. Neutrino results from OPERA might carry the fingerprint of non-inertial effects. The CERN-Gran Sasso clock synchronizatio...

  8. Why would musical training benefit the neural encoding of speech? The OPERA hypothesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniruddh D. Patel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Mounting evidence suggests that musical training benefits the neural encoding of speech. This paper offers a hypothesis specifying why such benefits occur. The OPERA hypothesis proposes that such benefits are driven by adaptive plasticity in speech-processing networks, and that this plasticity occurs when five conditions are met. These are: 1 Overlap: there is anatomical overlap in the brain networks that process an acoustic feature used in both music and speech (e.g., waveform periodicity, amplitude envelope, 2 Precision: music places higher demands on these shared networks than does speech, in terms of the precision of processing, 3 Emotion: the musical activities that engage this network elicit strong positive emotion, 4 Repetition: the musical activities that engage this network are frequently repeated, and 5 Attention: the musical activities that engage this network are associated with focused attention. According to the OPERA hypothesis, when these conditions are met neural plasticity drives the networks in question to function with higher precision than needed for ordinary speech communication. Yet since speech shares these networks with music, speech processing benefits. The OPERA hypothesis is used to account for the observed superior subcortical encoding of speech in musically trained individuals, and to suggest mechanisms by which musical training might improve linguistic reading abilities.

  9. Glaura y Cariolano, a neoclassical opera by Ignacio García Malo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe RODRÍGUEZ MORÍN

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available With the intention of emulating Italian operas, García Malo decided in 1791 to write one of these pieces in Spanish, in order to show that the richness and harmony of this language was comparable to that of any other foreign language, and in the hope that opera similar to Italian opera would be created in the future. Together with this patriotic intention was the aim of acclaiming Spanish splendour in America, and, through that, informing the audience of the work about the virtues of the Hispanic character, at a time in which some were worried about the future political stability of the overseas colonies. García Malo adapted the text entirely to neoclassical aesthetics, so that the message would more efficiently leave a mark on the spectator. As regards the music, composed by José Lidón, it most likely contributed to reinforcing in the listener the effect of reliving and singing the past glory of Spain.

  10. Measurement of the neutrino velocity with the OPERA detector in the CNGS beam

    CERN Document Server

    Adam, T; Altinok, O; Alvarez Sanchez, P; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Autiero, D; Badertscher, A; Dhahbi, A Ben; Bertolin, A; Bozza, C; Brugiére, T; Brunet, F; Brunetti, G; Buontempo, S; Cavanna, F; Cazes, A; Chaussard, L; Chernyavskiy, M; Chiarella, V; Chukanov, A; Colosimo, G; Crespi, M; D'Ambrosios, N; Déclais, Y; del Amo Sanchez, P; De Lellis, G; De Serio, M; Di Capua, F; Cavanna, F; Di Crescenzo, A; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Marco, N; Dmitrievsky, S; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dusini, S; Ebert, J; Eftimiopolous, I; Egorov, O; Ereditato, A; Esposito, L S; Favier, J; Ferber, T; Fini, R A; Fukuda, T; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Girerd, C; Giorgini, M; Giovannozzi, M; Goldberg, J; Göllnitz, C; Goncharova, L; Gornushkin, Y; Grella, G; Griantia, F; Gschewentner, E; Guerin, C; Guler, A M; Gustavino, C; Hamada, K; Hara, T; Hierholzer, M; Hollnagel, A; Ieva, M; Ishida, H; Ishiguro, K; Jakovcic, K; Jollet, C; Jones, M; Juget, F; Kamiscioglu, M; Kawada, J; Kim, S H; Kimura, M; Kitagawa, N; Klicek, B; Knuesel, J; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; Lazzaro, C; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Malgin, A; Mandrioli, G; Marteau, J; Matsuo, T; Mauri, N; Mazzoni, A; Medinaceli, E; Meisel, F; Meregaglia, A; Migliozzi, P; Mikado, S; Missiaen, D; Morishima, K; Moser, U; Muciaccia, M T; Naganawa, N; Naka, T; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Nakatsuka, Y; Naumov, D; Nikitina, V; Ogawa, S; Okateva, N; Olchevsky, A; Palamara, O; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pastore, A; Patrizii, L; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Pistillo, C; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Pretzl, K; Pupilli, F; Rescigno, R; Roganova, T; Rokujo, H; Rosa, G; Rostovtseva, I; Rubbia, A; Russo, A; Sato, O; Sato, Y; Schembri, A; Schuler, J; Scotto Lavina, L; Serrano, J; Sheshukov, A; Shibuya, H; Shoziyoev, G; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Song, J S; Spinetti, M; Starkov, N; Stellacci, M; Stipcevic, M; Strauss, T; Strolin, P; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tezuka, I; Tioukov, V; Tolun, P; Tran, T; Tufanli, S; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J-L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Wurtz, J; Yoon, C S; Yoshida, J; Zaitsev, Y; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A; Agafonova, N

    2012-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory has measured the velocity of neutrinos from the CERN CNGS beam over a baseline of about 730 km with much higher accuracy than previous studies conducted with accelerator neutrinos. The measurement is based on high-statistics data taken by OPERA in the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. Dedicated upgrades of the CNGS timing system and of the OPERA detector, as well as a high precision geodesy campaign for the measurement of the neutrino baseline, allowed reaching comparable systematic and statistical accuracies. An early arrival time of CNGS muon neutrinos with respect to the one computed assuming the speed of light in vacuum of (60.7 \\pm 6.9 (stat.) \\pm 7.4 (sys.)) ns was measured. This anomaly corresponds to a relative difference of the muon neutrino velocity with respect to the speed of light (v-c)/c = (2.48 \\pm 0.28 (stat.) \\pm 0.30 (sys.)) \\times 10-5.

  11. Formant and voice source properties in two male Kunqu Opera roles: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Li; Sundberg, Johan; Kong, Jiangping

    2013-01-01

    This investigation analyzes flow glottogram and electroglottogram (EGG) parameters as well as the relationship between formant frequencies and partials in two male Kunqu Opera roles, Colorful face (CF) and Old man (OM). Four male professional Kunqu Opera singers volunteered as participants, 2 singers for each role. Using inverse filtering of the audio signal flow glottogram parameters and formant frequencies were measured in each note of scales. Two EGG parameters, contact quotient (CoQ) and speed quotient, were measured. Formant tuning was observed only in 1 of the OM singers and appeared in a pitch range lower than the passaggio range of Western male opera singers. Both the CF and the OM role singers showed high CoQ values and low values of the normalized amplitude quotient in singing. For 3 of the 4 singers CoQ and the level difference between the first and second partials showed a positive and a negative correlation with fundamental frequency (F0), respectively. Formant tuning may be applied by a singer of the OM role, and both CF and OM role singers may use a rather pressed type of phonation, CF singers more than OM singers in the lower part of the pitch range. Most singers increased glottal adduction with rising F0.

  12. Study of neutrino interactions with the electronic detectors of the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Agafonova, N.; Altinok, O.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Bagulya, A.; Bendhabi, A.; Bertolin, A.; Bozza, C.; Brugiere, T.; Brugnera, R.; Brunet, F.; Brunetti, G.; Buontempo, S.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chiarella, V.; Chukanov, A.; D'Ambrosio, N.; Dal Corso, F.; De Lellis, G.; del Amo Sanchez, P.; Declais, Y.; De Serio, M.; Di Capua, F.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Egorov, O.; Enikeev, R.; Ereditato, A.; Esposito, L.S.; Favier, J.; Ferber, T.; Fini, R.A.; Frekers, D.; Fukuda, T.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Giorgini, M.; Gollnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Golubkov, D.; Goncharova, L.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Grianti, F.; Guler, A.M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hamada, K.; Hara, T.; Hierholzer, M.; Hollnagel, A.; Hoshino, K.; Ieva, M.; Ishida, H.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Juget, F.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Kazuyama, K.; Kim, S.H.; Kimura, M.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Knuesel, J.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Kubota, H.; Lazzaro, C.; Lenkeit, J.; Lippi, I.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P.; Lutter, G.; Malgin, A.; Mandrioli, G.; Mannai, K.; Marteau, J.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meisel, F.; Meregaglia, A.; Migliozzi, P.; Mikado, S.; Miyamoto, S.; Monacelli, P.; Morishima, K.; Moser, U.; Muciaccia, M.T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Naumov, D.; Nikitina, V.; Niwa, K.; Nonoyama, Y.; Ogawa, S.; Okateva, N.; Olchevski, A.; Paniccia, M.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B.D.; Park, I.G.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pennacchio, E.; Pessard, H.; Pretzl, K.; Pilipenko, V.; Pistillo, C.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Rescigno, R.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Romano, G.; Rosa, G.; Rostovtseva, I.; Rubbia, A.; Russo, A.; Ryasny, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Schembri, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Song, J.S.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stipcevic, M.; Strauss, T.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tezuka, I.; Tioukov, V.; Tolun, P.; Trabelsi, A.; Tran, T.; Tufanli, S.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J.L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yakushev, V.; Yoon, C.S.; Yoshioka, T.; Yoshida, J.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, A.; Zimmermann, R.

    2011-01-01

    The OPERA experiment is based on a hybrid technology combining electronic detectors and nuclear emulsions. OPERA collected muon-neutrino interactions during the 2008 and 2009 physics runs of the CNGS neutrino beam, produced at CERN with an energy range of about 5-35 GeV. A total of $5.3 \\times 10^{19}$ protons on target equivalent luminosity has been analysed with the OPERA electronic detectors: scintillator strips target trackers and magnetic muon spectrometers equipped with resistive plate gas chambers and drift tubes, allowing a detailed reconstruction of muon-neutrino interactions. Charged Current (CC) and Neutral Current (NC) interactions are identified, using the measurements in the electronic detectors, and the NC/CC ratio is computed. The momentum distribution and the charge of the muon tracks produced in CC interactions are analysed. Calorimetric measurements of the visible energy are performed for both the CC and NC samples. For CC events the Bjorken-$y$ distribution and the hadronic shower profile ...

  13. Reconstruction of CNGS neutrino events in the emulsions of the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Pozzato, Michele; Ortolani, Fabio; Mandrioli, Gianni

    2009-01-01

    The OPERA experiment aims at the direct observation of ν_mu -> ν_tau oscillations in the CNGS (CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso) neutrino beam produced at CERN; since the ν_e contamination in the CNGS beam is low, OPERA will also be able to study the sub-dominant oscillation channel ν_mu -> ν_e. OPERA is a large scale hybrid apparatus divided in two supermodules, each equipped with electronic detectors, an iron spectrometer and a highly segmented ~0.7 kton target section made of Emulsion Cloud Chamber (ECC) units. During my research work in the Bologna Lab. I have taken part to the set-up of the automatic scanning microscopes studying and tuning the scanning system performances and efficiencies with emulsions exposed to a test beam at CERN in 2007. Once the triggered bricks were distributed to the collaboration laboratories, my work was centered on the procedure used for the localization and the reconstruction of neutrino events.

  14. 莫扎特歌剧的特征%The characteristics of Mozart's opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷佳

    2012-01-01

      莫扎特作为欧洲歌剧创作的代表人物,他善于把德奥民间音调和意大利抒情风格融汇在一起,创造莫扎特式的富有歌唱性的、洋溢着诗意的美妙旋律。莫扎特的歌剧音乐优美轻快,形象丰富多样。喜用比较淳朴的德国民谣作为歌唱的旋律基础,剧情的发展用管弦乐队恰当的加以烘托,并伴有人声歌唱,这些特征使得他的歌剧生命力朝气蓬勃%  Mozart as representative personage of European operas, he was good at the fusion of the rodeo folk tone and lyrical style of Italy, to create the Mozart type rich singing, filled with poetic melody. Mozart's opera music was exquisite lively, colorful image. Be fond of using simple German folk song as the singing melody basis, the development of the story with the orchestra appropriate to foil, and accompanied by vocal singing, these features make his life full of youthful spirit of opera.

  15. Commissioning and proof of functionality of the OPERA precision tracker, especially of the time measuring system; Inbetriebnahme und Funktionsnachweis des OPERA Precision Trackers insbesondere des Zeitmesssystems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janutta, Benjamin

    2008-10-15

    The commissioning and the proof of functionality of the Precision Tracker of the OPERA experiment is subject of this thesis. The timing system of the precision tracker is of major concern here. At first the time.resolution of the timing electronics was characterized additionally general running parameters were studied. Afterwards the installation and commissioning were carried out. The precision tracker is supposed to determine the momentum of throughgoing myons with an accuracy of {delta}p/p<0.25 as well as the sign of their charge. The commissioning is finished by now and it was shown, that the data acquisition system runs very reliable and only 1.5% show an slightly higher number of hits. The nominal spatial track resolution of {sigma}<600 {mu}m was also reached. (orig.)

  16. THE USES OF RELIGIOUSS SYMBOLS TO REPRESENT ISLAM (A Study on Religious Soap Opera "Bukan Islam KTP"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    sholihati siti

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled THE USES OF RELIGIOUS SYMBOL TO REPRESENT ISLAM (A Study on Religious Soap Opera Bukan Islam KTP. The background of the research is based on the facts of the arbitrary use of symbols to represent Islam shown on Indonesian televisions. The pattern of the use of religious symbols, either verbal or non-verbal symbols are generally explicit, but when examined using appropriate methods, they are actually contained some implicit meanings. The purpose of this study was to discover about how Islam is represented on television religious soap opera using religious symbols and to find out the dominant ideology behind the representation techniques. To analyze the soap operas consist of twenty episodes, the researcher used a semiotic approach by John Fiske on television codes. The results of this study are: (1 the use of verbal symbols to represent Islam potentially creates multiple interpretations when they are spoken by different characters. (2 Some religious terminologies are often used by antagonist player to express anger and disappointment. (3 The soap opera is dominated by verbal violence used by both protagonist and antagonist players, while antagonist player use violence both in verbal and non-verbal forms. The findings about ideology embedded in the soap opera are: (1 capitalist-materialistic ideology, (2 ideology of patriarchy, and (3 violence domination.

  17. The reconstruction of tracks with the drift tubes in the muon spektrometers of the neutrino experiment OPERA; Die Spurrekonstruktion fuer das Driftroehren-Myon-Spektrometer des Neutrino-Experiments OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wonsak, B.S.

    2007-11-15

    In this thesis the reconstruction of tracks within the OPERA muon spectrometer is described as well as parts of the simulation software concerning the drift tubes. A method minimising the {chi}{sup 2} of the tracks is used for the fit, which is supported by liklyhood considerations during the pattern recognition. An analytical description of the time to distance relation for the OPERA drift tubes is introduced to be used in the fit. For simulated events of cosmics a resolution of 410{+-}4 {mu}m and an efficiency of more that 93% has been acquired. For real cosmic data from the OPERA detector a resolution o 374{+-}3 {mu}m and an efficiency of up to 84% has been reached. The acquired angular resolution of 1,2 mrad is sufficient to achieve a momentum resolution of 25% up to momentums of 25 GeV. (orig.)

  18. The reconstruction of tracks with the drift tubes in the muon spektrometers of the neutrino experiment OPERA; Die Spurrekonstruktion fuer das Driftroehren-Myon-Spektrometer des Neutrino-Experiments OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wonsak, B.S.

    2007-11-15

    In this thesis the reconstruction of tracks within the OPERA muon spectrometer is described as well as parts of the simulation software concerning the drift tubes. A method minimising the {chi}{sup 2} of the tracks is used for the fit, which is supported by liklyhood considerations during the pattern recognition. An analytical description of the time to distance relation for the OPERA drift tubes is introduced to be used in the fit. For simulated events of cosmics a resolution of 410{+-}4 {mu}m and an efficiency of more that 93% has been acquired. For real cosmic data from the OPERA detector a resolution o 374{+-}3 {mu}m and an efficiency of up to 84% has been reached. The acquired angular resolution of 1,2 mrad is sufficient to achieve a momentum resolution of 25% up to momentums of 25 GeV. (orig.)

  19. Determination of Magnet Specification of 13 MeV Proton Cyclotron Based on Opera 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The magnet is one of the main components of a cyclotron, used to form a circular particle beam trajectories and to provide focusing of the beam. To support the mastery of 13-MeV proton cyclotron technologies, cyclotron magnet design must be done to satisfy cyclotron magnet requirements. This research was conducted by studying important parameters in designing the cyclotron magnet which is then used to determine the design requirements. The magnet design was based on the results of a 3D simulation using Opera 3D software. Opera 3D is a software developed by Cobham plc to solve physical problems in 3D such as magnetostatic using finite element methods. The simulation started by drawing a 3D model of the magnet using a modeler, followed by magnetic field calculations by Tosca module in the Opera 3D software. Simulation results were analyzed with the Genspeo software to determine whether the parameters of the cyclotron magnet have met design requirements. The results indicate that the magnet design satisfied the cyclotron magnet design requirement, that B in the median plane of the magnetic pole approached the isochronous curve, providing axial and radial focusing beam, crossing the resonance line at vr = 1 when the particle energy is low and the particle energy is more than 13 MeV, and lead to small enough phase shift of about 13°. The dimension of the cyclotron magnet is 1.96 m × 1.30 m × 1.21 m; its weight is 17.3 ton; its coil current is 88,024 ampere-turn; its center magnetic field is 1.27479 T; its maximum magnetic field is 1.942116 T; its minimum magnetic field is 0.7689 T; its valley gap is 120 mm; its hill gaps are 40 to 50.78 mm; and its hill angles are 35° to 44°.to 44°

  20. The OPERA experiment in the CERN to Gran Sasso neutrino beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acquafredda, R.; Adam, T.; Agafonova, N.; Alvarez Sanchez, P.; Ambrosio, M.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Arrabito, L.; Aufranc, C.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Bagulya, A.; Baussan, E.; Bergnoli, A.; Bersani Greggio, F.; Bertolin, A.; Besnier, M.; Biaré, D.; Bick, D.; Blin, S.; Borer, K.; Boucrot, J.; Boutigny, D.; Boyarkin, V.; Bozza, C.; Brugière, T.; Brugnera, R.; Brunetti, G.; Buontempo, S.; Campagne, J. E.; Carlus, B.; Carrara, E.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chiarella, V.; Chon-Sen, N.; Chukanov, A.; Ciesielski, R.; Consiglio, L.; Cozzi, M.; D'Amato, G.; Dal Corso, F.; D'Ambrosio, N.; Damet, J.; de La Taille, C.; DeLellis, G.; Déclais, Y.; Descombes, T.; DeSerio, M.; Di Capua, F.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Giovanni, A.; Di Marco, N.; Di Troia, C.; Dick, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dominjon, A.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dulach, B.; Dusini, S.; Ebert, J.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Egorov, O.; Elsener, K.; Enikeev, R.; Ereditato, A.; Esposito, L. S.; Fanin, C.; Favier, J.; Felici, G.; Ferber, T.; Fini, R.; Fournier, L.; Franceschi, A.; Frekers, D.; Fukuda, T.; Fukushima, C.; Galkin, V. I.; Galkin, V. A.; Gallet, R.; Gardien, S.; Garfagnini, A.; Gaudiot, G.; Giacomelli, G.; Giorgini, M.; Girerd, C.; Goellnitz, C.; Goeltzenlichter, T.; Goldberg, J.; Golubkov, D.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grapton, J.-N.; Grella, G.; Grianti, F.; Gschwendtner, E.; Guerin, C.; Guler, M.; Gustavino, C.; Guyonnet, J.-L.; Hagner, C.; Hamane, T.; Hara, T.; Hauger, M.; Hess, M.; Hierholzer, M.; Hoshino, K.; Ieva, M.; Incurvati, M.; Jakovcic, K.; Janicsko Csathy, J.; Janutta, B.; Jollet, C.; Juget, F.; Kazuyama, M.; Kim, S. H.; Khovansky, N.; Kimura, M.; Klicek, B.; Knuesel, J.; Kodama, K.; Kolev, D.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Krasnoperov, A.; Kreslo, I.; Krumstein, Z.; Kutsenov, V. V.; Kuznetsov, V. A.; Laktineh, I.; Lavy, M.; Lazzaro, C.; Le, T. D.; LeFlour, T.; Lenkeit, J.; Lewis, J.; Lieunard, S.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Lutter, G.; Malgin, A.; Manai, K.; Mandrioli, G.; Marotta, A.; Marteau, J.; Martin-Chassard, G.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Meddahi, M.; Meisel, F.; Meregaglia, A.; Meschini, A.; Messina, M.; Migliozzi, P.; Monacelli, P.; Monteiro, I.; Moreau, F.; Morishima, K.; Moser, U.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Mugnier, P.; Naganawa, N.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Napolitano, T.; Nikitina, V.; Niwa, K.; Nonoyama, Y.; Nozdrin, A.; Ogawa, S.; Olchevski, A.; Orlandi, D.; Orlova, G.; Osedlo, V.; Ossetski, D.; Paniccia, M.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pellegrino, L.; Pennacchio, E.; Pessard, H.; Pilipenko, V.; Pistillo, C.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pretzl, K.; Publichenko, P.; Pupilli, F.; Raux, L.; Repellin, J. P.; Rescigno, R.; Rizhikov, D.; Roganova, T.; Romano, G.; Rosa, G.; Rostovtseva, I.; Rubbia, A.; Russo, A.; Ryasny, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sadovski, A.; Sanelli, C.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Saveliev, V.; Sazhina, G.; Schembri, A.; Schmidt Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schütz, H. U.; Schuler, J.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Serrano, J.; Shibuya, H.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Song, J. S.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stipcevic, M.; Strauss, T.; Strolin, P.; Sugonyaev, V.; Takahashi, S.; Talochkin, V.; Tenti, M.; Tereschenko, V.; Terranova, F.; Tezuka, I.; Tioukov, V.; Tolun, P.; Tsarev, V.; Tsenov, R.; Tufanli, S.; Ugolino, U.; Ushida, N.; Van Beek, G.; Verguilov, V.; Viant, T.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Waelchli, T.; Weber, M.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Wurtz, J.; Yakushev, V.; Yoon, C. S.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zghiche, A.; Zimmermann, R.

    2009-04-01

    The OPERA neutrino oscillation experiment has been designed to prove the appearance of ντ in a nearly pure νμ beam (CNGS) produced at CERN and detected in the underground Hall C of the Gran Sasso Laboratory, 730 km away from the source. In OPERA, τ leptons resulting from the interaction of ντ are produced in target units called bricks made of nuclear emulsion films interleaved with lead plates. The OPERA target contains 150000 of such bricks, for a total mass of 1.25 kton, arranged into walls interleaved with plastic scintillator strips. The detector is split into two identical supermodules, each supermodule containing a target section followed by a magnetic spectrometer for momentum and charge measurement of penetrating particles. Real time information from the scintillators and the spectrometers provide the identification of the bricks where the neutrino interactions occurred. The candidate bricks are extracted from the walls and, after X-ray marking and an exposure to cosmic rays for alignment, their emulsion films are developed and sent to the emulsion scanning laboratories to perform the accurate scan of the event. In this paper, we review the design and construction of the detector and of its related infrastructures, and report on some technical performances of the various components. The construction of the detector started in 2003 and it was completed in Summer 2008. The experiment is presently in the data taking phase. The whole sequence of operations has proven to be successful, from triggering to brick selection, development, scanning and event analysis.

  1. Recent Results of Opera: Search for νμ → ντ Oscillations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omura, T.

    2015-06-01

    The OPERA experiment aims at providing a direct proof of the νμ → ντ oscillations by observing ντ CC interactions in an high purity νμ accelerator beam, the CNGS (CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso). The beam exposure started in 2008 and ended in 2012. Events recorded in the Emulsion Cloud Chamber detectors, made of lead plates and nuclear emulsions, are being analysed since 2008. In the last period, a large amount of data has been extracted additionally, leading to the validation of the 4th ντ candidate event. This new result brings the observation of the oscillation with a significance exceeding 4 sigma.

  2. Launch Processing System operations with a future look to Operations Analyst (OPERA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heard, Astrid E.

    1987-01-01

    The Launch Processing System architecture and the ground support operations required to provide Shuttle System engineers with the capability to safely process and launch an Orbiter are described. The described ground operations are the culmination of eleven years of experience and redesign. Some of the 'lessons learned' are examined, and problem areas which ground support operations have identified over the years as the Shuttle and Launch Processing Systems continue to grow in complexity are discussed. The Operational Analyst for Distributed Systems (OPERA), a proposed set of expert systems for the Launch Processing System Operational assistance, is discussed along with its extensions to prospective future configurations and components for the Launch Processing System.

  3. O conceito de operação estabelecedora na análise do comportamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio F. Miguel

    Full Text Available Em termos gerais, operações estabelecedoras podem ser definidas como eventos ambientais que alteram a efetividade reforçadora de um estímulo, assim como evocam todo comportamento que, no passado, foi seguido por tal estímulo. O conceito parece descrever, em termos comportamentais, o que é usualmente chamado de motivação. O presente artigo pretende apresentar de uma forma didática o desenvolvimento teórico do conceito e seu status na Análise Experimental e Aplicada do Comportamento.

  4. From Novella to Opera: Dominick Argento’s The Aspern Papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelly VALTAT-COMET

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available I am particularly indebted to Philippe Brunelle, conductor and artistic director of the Plymouth Music Series, Minneapolis, for introducing me to the works of Dominick Argento, and to Dominick Argento himself, who in tireless e-mail exchanges graciously consented to answer my most naïve interrogations.The purpose of this paper is to bring to European attention Dominick Argento’s 1988 operatic version of Henry James’s The Aspern Papers, which was commissioned by the Dallas Opera to commemorate...

  5. Launch Processing System operations with a future look to Operations Analyst (OPERA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heard, Astrid E.

    1987-01-01

    The Launch Processing System architecture and the ground support operations required to provide Shuttle System engineers with the capability to safely process and launch an Orbiter are described. The described ground operations are the culmination of eleven years of experience and redesign. Some of the 'lessons learned' are examined, and problem areas which ground support operations have identified over the years as the Shuttle and Launch Processing Systems continue to grow in complexity are discussed. The Operational Analyst for Distributed Systems (OPERA), a proposed set of expert systems for the Launch Processing System Operational assistance, is discussed along with its extensions to prospective future configurations and components for the Launch Processing System.

  6. 探究歌剧表演中的人物形象%Exploring Characters in the Opera Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁淑月

    2016-01-01

    The opera is a special kind of art,which requires not only specific music scene,but also some stories in the process of performing.Opera performers need to promote their skills.They not only have the strength of sing-ing,but also have rich experiences of stage performance.In addition,in order to show the contents of the opera, performers must also master the methods of characterization,and bring the charm of opera into full play.Combined with the actual situation of opera,this paper analyzes opera performances,and studies how to succeed in creating characters,so as to help the further related studies and research.%歌剧是一种特殊的艺术形式,在表演的过程中不仅需要有特定的音乐气氛,同时还需要具有一定的故事情节,这就对歌剧表演者提出了更高水平的要求。歌剧表演者更多的是用声音塑造人物形象,因此需要具有一定的歌唱实力,同时还必须具有丰富的舞台表演经验。此外,为了更好地呈现歌剧的内容,表演者还必须掌握人物形象塑造的方法,充分发挥歌剧艺术的魅力。结合歌剧表演的实际情况,分析和研究如何在歌剧表演过程中成功塑造人物形象,希望对以后的相关研究能有所帮助。

  7. Gloriana de Britten et le rêve de l’opéra anglais Britten’s Gloriana and the dream of english opera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Couderc

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The composition of Benjamin Britten’s sixth opera, Gloriana, originates from a conversation about emblematic national operas, the lack thereof in the British repertory and the need for Britten to compose such an opera to coincide with the Coronation of the young Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Britten’s insistence on composing such an opera based on the tragic love story between the first Queen Elizabeth and Essex, depicted in Lytton Strachey’s dramatic biography, raises several questions. Why should Britten, the controversial composer of several controversial works, curry royal patronage? Why should he insist on composing for an event of such national significance? Why should Britten ride the hobby horse of a national opera and share the obsession of a national opera common to German composers of the Romantic generation? Gloriana turns out to be one of the elements that point to modernist and cosmopolitan Britten’s great sense of a national identity as a composer and his claim to work within a distinctly English tradition. The Coronation opera is also one of many endeavours in Britten’s production to resuscitate English Opera, his life-long ambition. With Gloriana, Britten once more leads the fight to eradicate English people’s prejudices against musicians in general and their own composers in particular and to give the lie to the dictum that Britain is the country that has no music.

  8. Opera and the French Revolution. Syllabus for a Series of Graduate Seminars in the MAT In-service Program at Webster University, St. Louis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Clifford J.

    Created for the Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) in-service program at Webster University (St. Louis, Missouri), this series of seminars, presented over a 9-day period, focuses on a comparative study of four operas set in the time period of the French Revolution. The operas examined are: (1) Mozart's "Marriage of Figaro" (1786); (2)…

  9. Tailored, interactive soap operas for breast cancer education of high-risk Hispanic women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jibaja, M L; Kingery, P; Neff, N E; Smith, Q; Bowman, J; Holcomb, J D

    2000-01-01

    While Hispanic women have lower rates of breast cancer than do women of other ethnic groups, they are the least likely to undergo screening examinations. This study evaluated a culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate, tailored, computer-based, educational program for early detection of breast cancer aimed at high-risk Hispanic women. Spanish-speaking Hispanic women from an inner-city community health clinic were recruited and randomly assigned either to a computer intervention with an interactive soap-opera format (n = 118) or to a comparison group (n = 60). Pre- and posttests were used to identify any change in breast-cancer-related knowledge and beliefs. Both younger (18-40 years old) and older (41-65 years old) women in the intervention group demonstrated significant increases in their breast cancer screening knowledge and beliefs as compared with the younger and older women in the comparison group (n soap operas that are linguistically and culturally appropriate are effective in increasing breast cancer screening knowledge and beliefs among underserved Spanish-speaking Hispanic women.

  10. Long-term horizontal vocal directivity of opera singers: effects of singing projection and acoustic environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera, Densil; Davis, Pamela J; Connolly, Anna

    2011-11-01

    Vocal directivity refers to how directional the sound is that comes from a singer's mouth, that is, whether the sound is focused into a narrow stream of sound projecting in front of the singers or whether it is spread out all around the singer. This study investigates the long-term vocal directivity and acoustic power of professional opera singers and how these vary among subjects, among singing projections, and among vastly different acoustic environments. The vocal sound of eight professional opera singers (six females and two males) was measured in anechoic and reverberant rooms and in a recital hall. Subjects sang in four different ways: (1) paying great attention to intonation; (2) singing as in performance, with all the emotional connection intended by the composer; (3) imagining a large auditorium; and (4) imagining a small theatre. The same song was sung by all singers in all conditions. A head and torso simulator (HATS), radiating sound from its mouth, was used for comparison in all situations. Results show that individual singers have quite consistent long-term average directivity, even across conditions. Directivity varies substantially among singers. Singers are more directional than the standard HATS (which is a physical model of a talking person). The singer's formant region of the spectrum exhibits greater directivity than the lower-frequency range, and results indicate that singers control directivity (at least, incidentally) for different singing conditions as they adjust the spectral emphasis of their voices through their formants.

  11. The brain of opera singers: experience-dependent changes in functional activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleber, B; Veit, R; Birbaumer, N; Gruzelier, J; Lotze, M

    2010-05-01

    Several studies have shown that motor-skill training over extended time periods results in reorganization of neural networks and changes in brain morphology. Yet, little is known about training-induced adaptive changes in the vocal system, which is largely subserved by intrinsic reflex mechanisms. We investigated highly accomplished opera singers, conservatory level vocal students, and laymen during overt singing of an Italian aria in a neuroimaging experiment. We provide the first evidence that the training of vocal skills is accompanied by increased functional activation of bilateral primary somatosensory cortex representing articulators and larynx. Opera singers showed additional activation in right primary sensorimotor cortex. Further training-related activation comprised the inferior parietal lobe and bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. At the subcortical level, expert singers showed increased activation in the basal ganglia, the thalamus, and the cerebellum. A regression analysis of functional activation with accumulated singing practice confirmed that vocal skills training correlates with increased activity of a cortical network for enhanced kinesthetic motor control and sensorimotor guidance together with increased involvement of implicit motor memory areas at the subcortical and cerebellar level. Our findings may have ramifications for both voice rehabilitation and deliberate practice of other implicit motor skills that require interoception.

  12. Dramatic Expression in Opera, and Its Implications for Conversational Agents. Chapter 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, W. Lewis

    2007-01-01

    This article has discussed principles, techniques, and methods of dramatic portrayal in opera, and their application to the development of embodied conversational agents. Investigations such as this complement studies of natural human behavior, and offer insights as to how to make such behavior understandable and interesting when adapted for use by embodied conversational agents. However, one should use caution in applying such lessons. The unique characteristics of computer-based media are still being identified and explored. In any case, one must always be careful about applying principles blindly to any artistic form. Such principles are post-hoc analysis of the intuitive skill of great artists; this was as true in Aristotle's day as it is today. We should not let structural principles stand in the way of injecting creativity into the design of ECAs. Opera at its best possesses an element of magic that is difficult to describe, much less analytically reconstruct. We can only hope to achieve a similar result with conversational agents.

  13. The effects of stage absorption on reverberation times in opera house seating areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Jin Yong; Kim, Jae Ho; Ryu, Jong Kwan

    2015-03-01

    The effects of stage absorption on reverberation times in opera houses were investigated using computer simulations and scale model measurements. The reverberation time (RT) was measured in stalls seating with and without variable stage elements (e.g., fly curtains, side curtains, cycloramas, and stage sets). The absorption coefficients of the walls and ceiling of the stage houses were varied accordingly. It was found that variable stage elements have a significant influence on reverberation times in seating areas, particularly for a reverberant stage house, due to the low absorption of the walls and ceiling in the stage house. It was also found that the absorption coefficients of the walls and ceiling should be over 0.5 to avoid RT decreases of over 10% due to the absorption of the variable stage elements. In addition, coupled room effects were investigated both with and without variable stage elements and the results show that double slope was not found in the opera houses investigated in this study.

  14. The Response in Twitter to an Assisted Suicide in a Television Soap Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scourfield, Jonathan; Colombo, Gualtiero; Evans, Rhiannon; Jacob, Nina; Le Zhang, Meng; Burnap, Pete; Edwards, Adam; Housley, William; Williams, Matthew

    2016-09-01

    Concern has been expressed about the potentially contagious effect of television soap opera suicides and suicidal language in social media. Twitter content was analyzed during the week in which a fictional assisted suicide was broadcast on a British television soap opera, "Coronation Street." Tweets were collected if they contained language indicating possible suicidal intent or used the word suicide. The modified Thompson tau method was used to test for any differences in the volume of tweets in both categories on the day of screening. Content analysis broke down the use of the word suicide into six thematic categories. There was no evidence on the day of screening of an increase in tweets expressing possible suicidal intent but there was an increase in tweets containing the word suicide. Content analysis found the most common thematic category to be information or support, followed by the raising of moral issues in relation to suicide. It is possible that for certain high-profile media events Twitter may be used more as a civic reactive forum than as a medium for introspection or disclosure of distress.

  15. Vertical Phase Difference and Glottal Efficiency in Musical Theater and Opera Singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsh, Elliana; Zacharias, Stephanie R C; de Alarcon, Alessandro; Deliyski, Dimitar; Tabangin, Meredith; Khosla, Sid

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the relationship between vertical phase difference (VPD) and glottal efficiency (GE) in singers and (2) to compare VPD and GE between musical theater and opera singing styles. Five opera and three musical theater singers (Mean age = 25.3, 100% male) performed a series of vocal tasks at two pitches (low pitch C#3, 133 ± 5 Hz; high pitch C#4, 277 ± 5 Hz) for three levels of loudness (soft, baseline, and loud), while undergoing flexible distal chip videostroboscopy. Aerodynamic and acoustic information for each vocal task was recorded using the Phonatory Aerodynamic System. VPD was qualitatively measured via visual-perceptual judgments of repeated comparison tests, where a blinded rater was asked to select the video in which the subject demonstrated the greatest VPD. Aerodynamic data were analyzed for differences in GE. Qualitative visual-perceptual analysis indicated that increased magnitude of VPD was correlated with tasks involving increased loudness or higher pitch. GE was similarly correlated with increased loudness or higher pitch. GE was minimally correlated with subglottal pressure at high pitch. This prospective study reveals novel human subject evidence that VPD may correlate with GE. Future studies will further explore the implications of VPD with respect to GE, subglottal pressure, and laryngeal mechanics. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Study of v interactions and background estimation in the OPERA emulsion film detector

    CERN Document Server

    Janicskó-Csáthy, József

    The OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion tRacking Apparatus ) experiment or CNGS1 was approved in 2001 by CERN and presently is under construction. Data-taking is expected to start in 2006. The experiment is designated to the νμ  ντ oscillation search. OPERA is a hybrid detector comprising a number of electronic detectors and a specially designed nuclear emulsion stack interlaced with lead plates. The total target mass of the detector will be about 1.8 kt. This impressive mass needed for neutrino detection is combined with an even more impressive spatial resolution of about a m , characteristic of the nuclear emulsion technique. The detection of ντ is based on the observation of the decay of the τ lepton. The fine grained structure of nuclear emulsions offers the possibility to directly observe such a decay and by the means of kinematical analysis can be clearly separated from background events. Nuclear emulsions will be produced and processed in industrial quantities and the readout will be don...

  17. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kammerorkestri Kremerata Baltica kontserdid: 19. apr. Londonis LSO St Lukesis, 21. apr. Oxfordis Sheldonian Theatre'is, 17. apr. Aldeburghis, 20. apr. Manchesteris Bridgewater Hallis, 23. apr. Wales Millennium Centre'is, 22. apr. Edinburghis Usher Hallis

  18. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Arvo Pärdi muusika esitusel 4. mail Londonis St Giles Cripplegate'is, 14. mail Queen Elizabeth Hallis, 3. mail Oxfordis; Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor esitab Cyrillus Kreegi "Requiemi" 11. mail Manchesteris Bridgewater Hallis; Olari Elts dirigeerimas 10. mail Edinburghis Usher Hallis, 11. mail Glasgowis ja 12. mail Aberdeenis

  19. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Arvo Pärdi teos "Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten" esitusel 2. dets. Aldeburghis, Pärdi "Annum per annum" 7. dets. Birminghamis, Kristjan Järvi dirigeerimas 7. dets. Liverpoolis, Neeme Järvi diregeerimas 15. dets. Edinburghis ja 16. dets. Glasgowis

  20. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kristjan Järvi dirigeerimas Vienna Tonkünstler Orchestra't 16. veebr. Leedsis Town Hallis (esitusel ka Arvo Pärdi Symphony No. 3), 20. veebr. Bristolis ja 23. veebr. Basingstoke'is. Neeme Järvi dirigeerimas Royal Scottish National Orcestra't 23. veebr. Glasgowis Royal Concert Hallis ja 24. veebr. Edinburghis Queens Hallis

  1. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kristjan Järvi dirigeerimas Vienna Tonkünstler Orchestra't 16. veebr. Leedsis Town Hallis (esitusel ka Arvo Pärdi Symphony No. 3), 20. veebr. Bristolis ja 23. veebr. Basingstoke'is. Neeme Järvi dirigeerimas Royal Scottish National Orcestra't 23. veebr. Glasgowis Royal Concert Hallis ja 24. veebr. Edinburghis Queens Hallis

  2. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Arvo Pärdi teos "Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten" esitusel 2. dets. Aldeburghis, Pärdi "Annum per annum" 7. dets. Birminghamis, Kristjan Järvi dirigeerimas 7. dets. Liverpoolis, Neeme Järvi diregeerimas 15. dets. Edinburghis ja 16. dets. Glasgowis

  3. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kammerorkestri Kremerata Baltica kontserdid: 19. apr. Londonis LSO St Lukesis, 21. apr. Oxfordis Sheldonian Theatre'is, 17. apr. Aldeburghis, 20. apr. Manchesteris Bridgewater Hallis, 23. apr. Wales Millennium Centre'is, 22. apr. Edinburghis Usher Hallis

  4. Concerts & Opera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Arvo Pärdi muusika esitusel 4. mail Londonis St Giles Cripplegate'is, 14. mail Queen Elizabeth Hallis, 3. mail Oxfordis; Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor esitab Cyrillus Kreegi "Requiemi" 11. mail Manchesteris Bridgewater Hallis; Olari Elts dirigeerimas 10. mail Edinburghis Usher Hallis, 11. mail Glasgowis ja 12. mail Aberdeenis

  5. The transformation of sacrifice theme in opera repertoireOpera repertuvarında kurban temasının dönüşümü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim Hikmet Öğüt

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of sacrifice, with roots in pre-historic times, not only has sustained its primary meaning throughout the history but also has gained secondary meanings besides its ritual, religious and divine features. While various aspects of the concept can be found in the opera repertoire, the mentioned transformation can be traced particularly in the context of human sacrifice. In parallel with the transformation of opera repertoire from 18th to 20th centuries, this study, examining a selection of the opera repertoire with the concept of human sacrifice; with a chronological perspective, aims to present the new meanings of the concept of sacrifice and the act of human sacrifice have gained. Not covering a musicological analysis of the operas, this study aims to draw attention to the historical sense of and the dynamic character of the opera as well as, to the methods applied when dealing with the subject of human sacrifice, which is a tough and pre-modern subject in contrast to opera as a “modern” artistic form.    Özet İnsanlık tarihiyle yaşıt olan kurban kavramı tarih öncesinden günümüze gelen süreç içinde birincil anlamını koruduğu gibi, ritüel boyutundan, dini ve kutsal boyutlardan sıyrılarak ikincil anlamlar kazanmıştır. Opera repertuvarı incelendiğinde kavramın pek çok farklı görünümünü bulmak mümkün olduğu gibi, söz edilen dönüşümü özellikle insan kurban etme bağlamında takip etmek mümkündür. Temel olarak, opera repertuvarında insan kurban edilmesini konu alan örneklerden bir seçme üzerinde duracak olan bu çalışma, kronolojik bir bakışla, kurban kavramının ve insan kurban etme düşüncesinin kazandığı yeni anlamları, opera anlayışının 18. yüzyıldan 20. yüzyıla gelen süreçte geçirdiği değişime paralel olarak sunmayı amaçlamaktadır. Çalışma, söz edilecek operalara ilişkin müzikbilimsel bir incelemeyi içermemekle birlikte, opera gibi çoksesli Bat

  6. Understanding artistic performance in its context: A case study of the practice of evaluation in a publicly funded opera company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiaravalloti, F.

    2015-01-01

    This paper shows how the different groups of managers (administrative, artistic, and technical) of a publicly funded opera company evaluate the artistic performance of their organization. Performance information of varied nature is exchanged between the internal and external stakeholders of the orga

  7. The Opera del Vocabolario Italiano Database: Full-Text Searching Early Italian Vernacular Sources on the Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuPont, Christian

    2001-01-01

    Introduces and describes the functions of the Opera del Vocabolario Italiano (OVI) database, a powerful Web-based, full-text, searchable electronic archive that contains early Italian vernacular texts whose composition may be dated prior to 1375. Examples are drawn from scholars in various disciplines who have employed the OVI in support of their…

  8. Transmission of Cantonese Opera in the Conservatory Tradition: Two Case Studies in South China and Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Bo-Wah

    2015-01-01

    The Cantonese opera was traditionally transmitted by an apprenticeship approach, which has faded out in the mid-twentieth century. Instead, the conservatory approach adapted from the West has replaced the major mode of nurturing professional artists in China and Hong Kong. This study aims to investigate and examine the current practice of the…

  9. Multivariate Modeling of the collaboration between Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa for the librettos of three operas by Giacomo Puccini

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saccenti, E.; Tenori, L.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the collaboration between the two Italian poets Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa that led to the librettos of three operas by Giacomo Puccini: La Bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly. We used non-traditional authorship attribution methods (such as principal component analysis)

  10. Muusikamaailm : New Yorki tuleb Maazel. Kiri ei lahku veel lavalt. Kennedy Centeri autasud. Opera Internationali ankeet / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    L.Maazel valiti NY Filharmoonikute uueks peadirigendiks alates 2002.a., dirigendi praegustest tegemistest. K.Te Kanawa jätkab lauljategevust. Washingtoni Kennedy nim. kunstikeskuse aasta autasudest. Muusikaajakiri Opera Internationali lugejad valisid 20. saj. suurimad ooperilauljad, dirigendid ja lavastajad

  11. A Slippery Slope: The Rise and Fall of the Domestic Soap Opera in Italian Public and Commercial Television

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cardini, Daniela

    2017-01-01

    abstractPrior to the mid-nineties, Italian television did not produce any soap operas. Daytime serials were imported mainly from the USA. Unexpectedly, the most commercial television genre was produced for the first time by the public service broadcaster: Un posto al sole was aired by RAI in 1996.

  12. Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: Current status and future challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koordeman, R.; Anschutz, D.J.; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2012-01-01

    Aims: To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. Methods: This paper reviews the current literature on

  13. Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: current status and future challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koordeman, R.; Anschutz, D.J.; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2012-01-01

    Aims: To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. Methods: This paper reviews the current literature on

  14. Transmission of Cantonese Opera in the Conservatory Tradition: Two Case Studies in South China and Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Bo-Wah

    2015-01-01

    The Cantonese opera was traditionally transmitted by an apprenticeship approach, which has faded out in the mid-twentieth century. Instead, the conservatory approach adapted from the West has replaced the major mode of nurturing professional artists in China and Hong Kong. This study aims to investigate and examine the current practice of the…

  15. The Opera del Vocabolario Italiano Database: Full-Text Searching Early Italian Vernacular Sources on the Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuPont, Christian

    2001-01-01

    Introduces and describes the functions of the Opera del Vocabolario Italiano (OVI) database, a powerful Web-based, full-text, searchable electronic archive that contains early Italian vernacular texts whose composition may be dated prior to 1375. Examples are drawn from scholars in various disciplines who have employed the OVI in support of their…

  16. Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: current status and future challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koordeman, R.; Anschutz, D.J.; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2012-01-01

    Aims: To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. Methods: This paper reviews the current literature on

  17. Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: Current status and future challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koordeman, R.; Anschutz, D.J.; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2012-01-01

    Aims: To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. Methods: This paper reviews the current literature on

  18. Muusikamaailm : Berliini Filharmoonikud Beethoveniga. Kurtagi festival Gütersloh's. Uus soome ooper. Glyndebourne Opera New Yorgis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Berliini Filharmoonikute Beethoveni festivalist Roomas, Viinis ja Berliinis. Kurtagi festivalist Gütersloh's Saksamaal 16.-18. veebr.Helsingis esietendus 8. veebr. K.Aho kammerooper "Enne kui me kõik oleme hukkunud". Glyndebourne'i Touring Opera tutvustab kuulsa ooperifestivali lavastusi New Yorgis

  19. The OPERA experiment. ν{sub μ}→ν{sub τ} oscillation discovered in appearance mode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buettner, Benjamin [Universitaet Hamburg, Institut fuer Experimentalphysik (Germany); Collaboration: OPERA-Hamburg-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    The primary goal of the OPERA long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment is the first direct detection of ν{sub μ}→ν{sub τ} oscillations. The hybrid OPERA detector consists of a large-mass target made from lead and photo emulsions - providing micrometric resolution - and electronic detector parts for online readout. It is located in the LNGS underground laboratory, at a distance of 730 km from the SPS at CERN, where the CNGS ν{sub μ} beam is produced. The measurement of ν{sub τ} appearance relies on the detection of the decay of τ leptons which are created in ν{sub τ} charged current reactions. Data acquisition lasted from 2008 to 2012. With the collected data the OPERA experiment discovered ν{sub τ} appearance in the CNGS neutrino beam with a significance of 5.1 σ. This poster will give an overview about the OPERA experiment and the discovery of τ neutrino appearance in the CNGS neutrino beam.

  20. Understanding artistic performance in its context: A case study of the practice of evaluation in a publicly funded opera company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiaravalloti, F.

    2015-01-01

    This paper shows how the different groups of managers (administrative, artistic, and technical) of a publicly funded opera company evaluate the artistic performance of their organization. Performance information of varied nature is exchanged between the internal and external stakeholders of the

  1. Muusikamaailm : Berliini Filharmoonikud Beethoveniga. Kurtagi festival Gütersloh's. Uus soome ooper. Glyndebourne Opera New Yorgis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Berliini Filharmoonikute Beethoveni festivalist Roomas, Viinis ja Berliinis. Kurtagi festivalist Gütersloh's Saksamaal 16.-18. veebr.Helsingis esietendus 8. veebr. K.Aho kammerooper "Enne kui me kõik oleme hukkunud". Glyndebourne'i Touring Opera tutvustab kuulsa ooperifestivali lavastusi New Yorgis

  2. 浅析邕剧排场戏%A Brief Analysis of "Paichang Play" of Yong Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪琪; 洪珏

    2011-01-01

    Yong opera,a unique local dramas,represents peculiar local cultural card of Nanning."Paichang Play",which was developed during Yong opera development process,is the general basic component refined from classical repertoire.The case analysis of"Guoshan Play"and "Shouzhuang Play"shows that "Paichang Play" is the comprehensive application of basic skill and performance program of Yong opera,which should be excavated and organized for educational inheritance,promotion of operas characteristics as well as for local cultural development of Nanning.%邕剧是南宁市独有的地方戏曲剧种,是南宁市独具一格的地方文化名片。"排场戏"是邕剧发展历史上形成的,是从经典剧目中概括提炼出来的一种通用的基本构件。通过对"过山""收状"等实例分析,论证"排场戏"是邕剧基本功和表演程式的综合运用,应及时发掘整理,以利教学传承,弘扬剧种特色,为南宁地方文化发展作出贡献。

  3. Muusikamaailm : New Yorki tuleb Maazel. Kiri ei lahku veel lavalt. Kennedy Centeri autasud. Opera Internationali ankeet / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    L.Maazel valiti NY Filharmoonikute uueks peadirigendiks alates 2002.a., dirigendi praegustest tegemistest. K.Te Kanawa jätkab lauljategevust. Washingtoni Kennedy nim. kunstikeskuse aasta autasudest. Muusikaajakiri Opera Internationali lugejad valisid 20. saj. suurimad ooperilauljad, dirigendid ja lavastajad

  4. 论"草昆"的美学特征%On Aesthetic Characteristics of "Folk" Kunqu Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱恒夫

    2012-01-01

    昆剧传播到外埠之后,受到当地文化与底层百姓审美趣味的影响,渐渐发生了变化,与所谓“正昆”在内容与形式上有着很大的不同,形成了独特的艺术形态,这些昆剧便被人们称为“草昆”。尽管草昆有川昆、滇昆、徽昆、赣昆、湘昆、晋昆、甬昆和永嘉昆剧等之分,但它们有着共同的美学特征,即语言方言化、音乐通俗化;新编剧目表现了底层社会的价值观念;净丑二角的表演体现了重技艺、喜滑稽的风格。%Influenced by the local culture and the aesthetical taste of common people at the bottom of the society after spreading to the rest of China, the Kunqu opera gradually changed and formed unique artistic styles. All those tmique forms of Kunqu operas were called "folk" Kunqu opera, which greatly differ from orthodox Kunqu opera in content and form. Though with different forms through combining with different local euhures from places such as Sichuan, Yunnan, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Ningbo and Yongjia, those "folk" Kunqu operas have common aesthetical characteristics: localized libretto, popular- ized music, rearranged plays that reflect the social values of people at the bottom of society and the style of attaching importance to skills and harlequinade embodied in performances of painted roles and clowns.

  5. Soap opera video on handheld computers to reduce young urban women's HIV sex risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Rachel

    2008-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a soap opera video, A Story about Toni, Mike, and Valerie, designed to communicate HIV risk reduction themes. The study evaluated viewing the video and responding to audio computer assisted self-interview (ACASI) on a handheld computer. The sample was 76 predominately African American women, aged 18-29, in sexual relationships with men. Data were collected in urban neighborhoods in the northeastern United States. A pretest-posttest control group design with systematic assignment indicated statistically significant reduction in expectations to engage in unprotected sex in the experimental group. The handheld computer was found to be acceptable to view the near feature length video and complete ACASI. To date, no study has reported on use of video and ACASI on a handheld device to reduce HIV risk. The significance is the potential to stream health promotion videos to personal devices, such as cell phones.

  6. Observation of nu_tau appearance in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Agafonova, N; Anokhina, A; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Asada, T; Bender, D; Bertolin, A; Bozza, C; Brugnera, R; Buonaura, A; Buontempo, S; Buttne, B; Chernyavsky, M; Chukanov, A; Consiglio, L; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; De Serio, M; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Di Crescenzo, A; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Marco, N; Dmitrievski, S; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dusini, S; Dzhatdoev, T; Ebert, J; Ereditato, A; Fini, R A; Fukuda, T; Galati, G; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Goellnitz, C; Goldberg, J; Gornushkin, Y; Grella, G; Guler, M; Gustavino, C; Hagner, C; Hara, T; Hayakawa, T; Hollnagel, A; Hosseini, B; Ishida, H; Ishiguro, K; Jakovcic, K; Jollet, C; Kamiscioglu, C; Kamiscioglu, M; Katsuragawa, T; Kawada, J; Kawahara, H; Kim, J H; Kim, S H; Kitagawa, N; Klicek, B; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; Lauria, A; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Loverre, P; Malenica, M; Malgin, A; Mandrioli, G; Matsuo, T; Matveev, V; Mauri, N; Medinaceli, E; Meregaglia, A; Meyer, M; Mikado, S; Miyanishi, M; Monacelli, P; Montesi, M C; Morishima, K; Muciaccia, M T; Naganawa, N; Naka, T; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Nakatsuka, Y; Niwa, K; Ogawa, S; Okateva, N; Olshevsky, A; Omura, T; Ozaki, K; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pasqualini, L; Pastore, A; Patrizii, L; Pessard, H; Pistillo, C; Podgrudkov, D; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Pupilli, F; Roda, M; Roganova, T; Rokujo, H; Rosa, G; Ryazhskaya, O; Sato, O; Schembri, A; Shakiryanova, I; Shchedrina, T; Sheshukov, A; Shibuya, H; Shiraishi, T; Shoziyoev, G; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Starkov, N; Stellacci, S M; Stipcevic, M; Strolin, P; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tioukov, V; Tufanli, S; Umemoto, A; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Yoon, C S; Yaguchi, I; Yoshimoto, M; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A

    2014-01-01

    The OPERA experiment is searching for nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations in appearance mode i.e. via the direct detection of tau leptons in nu_tau charged current interactions. The evidence of nu_mu -> nu_tau appearance has been previously reported with three nu_tau candidate events using a sub-sample of data from the 2008-2012 runs. We report here a fourth nu_tau candidate event, with the tau decaying into a hadron, found after adding the 2012 run events without any muon in the final state to the data sample. Given the number of analysed events and the low background, nu_mu -> nu_tau oscillations are established with a significance of 4.2sigma.

  7. Determination of the muon charge sign with the dipolar spectrometers of the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agafonova, N.; Aleksandrov, A.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Bender, D.; Bertolin, A.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buonaura, A.; Buontempo, S.; Büttner, B.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; D'Ambrosio, N.; De Lellis, G.; De Serio, M.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Ereditato, A.; Fini, R. A.; Fukuda, T.; Galati, G.; Garfagnini, A.; Giacomelli, G.; Göllnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Goloubkov, D.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Guler, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hara, T.; Hollnagel, A.; Hosseini, B.; Ishida, H.; Ishiguro, K.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Kawada, J.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Lauria, A.; Lenkeit, J.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P.; Malgin, A.; Malenica, M.; Mandrioli, G.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meregaglia, A.; Meyer, M.; Mikado, S.; Monacelli, P.; Montesi, M. C.; Morishima, K.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Ogawa, S.; Okateva, N.; Olshevsky, A.; Omura, T.; Ozaki, K.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pasqualini, L.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pessard, H.; Pistillo, C.; Podgrudkov, D.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Roda, M.; Rokujo, H.; Roganova, T.; Rosa, G.; Rostovtseva, I.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Schembri, A.; Shakiryanova, I.; Shchedrina, T.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shiraishi, T.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stellacci, S. M.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tioukov, V.; Tufanli, S.; Vilain, P.; Vladimirov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yoon, C. S.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zemskova, S.; Zghiche, A.

    2016-07-01

    The OPERA long-baseline neutrino-oscillation experiment has observed the direct appearance of ντ in the CNGS νμ beam. Two large muon magnetic spectrometers are used to identify muons produced in the τ leptonic decay and in νμ CC interactions by measuring their charge and momentum. Besides the kinematic analysis of the τ decays, background resulting from the decay of charmed particles produced in νμ CC interactions is reduced by efficiently identifying the muon track. A new method for the charge sign determination has been applied, via a weighted angular matching of the straight track-segments reconstructed in the different parts of the dipole magnets. Results obtained for Monte Carlo and real data are presented. Comparison with a method where no matching is used shows a significant reduction of up to 40% of the fraction of wrongly determined charges.

  8. Discovery of τ Neutrino Appearance in the CNGS Neutrino Beam with the OPERA Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agafonova, N.; Aleksandrov, A.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Bender, D.; Bertolin, A.; Bodnarchuk, I.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buonaura, A.; Buontempo, S.; Büttner, B.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; D'Ambrosio, N.; de Lellis, G.; de Serio, M.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; di Crescenzo, A.; di Ferdinando, D.; di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Ereditato, A.; Fini, R. A.; Fornari, F.; Fukuda, T.; Galati, G.; Garfagnini, A.; Goldberg, J.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Guler, A. M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hara, T.; Hayakawa, H.; Hollnagel, A.; Hosseini, B.; Ishiguro, K.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Laudisio, F.; Lauria, A.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Loverre, P. F.; Malgin, A.; Malenica, M.; Mandrioli, G.; Matsuo, T.; Matsushita, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meregaglia, A.; Mikado, S.; Miyanishi, M.; Mizutani, F.; Monacelli, P.; Montesi, M. C.; Morishima, K.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Ogawa, S.; Olchevsky, A.; Omura, T.; Ozaki, K.; Paoloni, A.; Paparella, L.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pasqualini, L.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pessard, H.; Pistillo, C.; Podgrudkov, D.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Roda, M.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Rosa, G.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Schembri, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Shakirianova, I.; Shchedrina, T.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shiraishi, T.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Sotnikov, A.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stellacci, S. M.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tioukov, V.; Tufanli, S.; Vilain, P.; Vladymyrov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yoon, C. S.; Zemskova, S.; Opera Collaboration

    2015-09-01

    The OPERA experiment was designed to search for νμ→ντ oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., by detecting the τ leptons produced in charged current ντ interactions. The experiment took data from 2008 to 2012 in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam. The observation of the νμ→ντ appearance, achieved with four candidate events in a subsample of the data, was previously reported. In this Letter, a fifth ντ candidate event, found in an enlarged data sample, is described. Together with a further reduction of the expected background, the candidate events detected so far allow us to assess the discovery of νμ→ντ oscillations in appearance mode with a significance larger than 5 σ .

  9. Measurement of the cosmic ray muon charge ratio with the OPERA detector

    CERN Document Server

    Mauri, N

    2010-01-01

    The OPERA detector at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) was used to measure the cosmic ray muon charge ratio Rμ = Nμ+/Nμ− in the TeV energy region. We analyzed 403069 cosmic ray muons corresponding to 113.4 days of livetime during the 2008 CNGS run. We computed separately the muon charge ratio for single and for multiple muon events in order to select different energy regions of the primary cosmic ray spectrum and to test the Rμ dependence on the primary composition. Rμ is also shown as a function of the Òvertical surface energyÓ Eμ cos !. A Þt to a simpliÞed model of muon pro- duction in atmosphere allowed the determination of the pion and kaon charge ratios weighted by the cosmic ray energy spectrum.

  10. Measurement of the atmospheric muon charge ratio with the OPERA detector

    CERN Document Server

    Agafonova, N; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Autiero, D; Badertscher, A; Bagulya, A; Bertolin, A; Besnier, M; Bick, D; Boyarkin, V; Bozza, C; Brugière, T; Brugnera, R; Brunetti, G; Buontempo, S; Cazes, A; Chaussard, L; Chernyavsky, M; Chiarella, V; Chon-Sen, N; Chukanov, A; Cozzi, M; D'Amato, G; Corso, F Dal; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; D'eclais, Y; De Serio, M; Di Capua, F; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Giovanni, A; Di Marco, N; Dmitrievski, S; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dusini, S; Ebert, J; Egorov, O; Enikeev, R; Ereditato, A; Esposito, L S; Favier, J; Felici, G; Ferber, T; Fini, R; Frekers, D; Fukuda, T; Fukushima, C; Galkin, V I; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Giorgini, M; Goellnitz, C; Goldberg, J; Golubkov, D; Goncharova, L; Gornushkin, Y; Grella, G; Grianti, F; Guler, M; Gustavino, C; Hagner, C; Hamada, K; Hara, T; Hierholzer, M; Hoshino, K; Ieva, M; Jakovcic, K; Jollet, C; Juget, F; Kazuyama, M; Kim, S H; Kimura, M; Klicek, B; Knuesel, J; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; Kubota, H; Lazzaro, C; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Lutter, G; Malgin, A; Mandrioli, G; Marotta, A; Marteau, J; Matsuo, T; Matveev, V; Mauri, N; Medinaceli, E; Meisel, F; Meregaglia, A; Migliozzi, P; Mikado, S; Miyamoto, S; Monacelli, P; Morishima, K; Moser, U; Muciaccia, M T; Naganawa, N; Naka, T; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Naumov, D; Nikitina, V; Niwa, K; Nonoyama, Y; Ogawa, S; Olchevski, A; Oldorf, C; Orlova, G; Osedlo, V; Paniccia, M; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pastore, A; Patrizii, L; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Pilipenko, V; Pistillo, C; Policastro, G; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Pretzl, K; Publichenko, P; Pupilli, F; Rescigno, R; Roganova, T; Rokujo, H; Romano, G; Rosa, G; Rostovtseva, I; Rubbia, A; Russo, A; Ryasny, V; Ryazhskaya, O; Sato, O; Sato, Y; Schembri, A; Parzefall, W Schmidt; Schroeder, H; Lavina, L Scotto; Sheshukov, A; Shibuya, H; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Song, J S; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Starkov, N; Stipcevic, M; Strauss, T; Strolin, P; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tezuka, I; Tioukov, V; Tolun, P; Tran, T; Tufanli, S; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Yakushev, V; Yoon, C S; Yoshioka, T; Yoshida, J; Zaitsev, Y; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A; Zimmermann, R

    2010-01-01

    The OPERA detector at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) was used to measure the atmospheric muon charge ratio in the TeV energy region. We analyzed 403069 atmospheric muons corresponding to 113.4 days of livetime during the 2008 CNGS run. We computed separately the muon charge ratio for single and for multiple muon events in order to select different energy regions of the primary cosmic ray spectrum and to test the charge ratio dependence on the primary composition. The measured charge ratio values were corrected taking into account the charge-misidentification errors. Data have also been grouped in five bins of the "vertical surface energy". A fit to a simplified model of muon production in the atmosphere allowed the determination of the pion and kaon charge ratios weighted by the cosmic ray energy spectrum.

  11. Richard Wagner, Louis de Fourcaud, and a Path for French Opera in the 1880s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Hélène Benoit-Otis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In a much-quoted interview with Richard Wagner conducted by the French critic Louis de Fourcaud in 1879, and published in different versions in 1880, 1884, and 1886, the composer allegedly advised the French to write operas drawing on their own legendary sources. Contemporary works such as d’Indy’s Fervaal, Chausson’s Le Roi Arthus, and Massenet’s Esclarmonde suggest that Fourcaud’s interview did indeed have a profound impact on the Wagnerian movement in France. However, a close examination of the sources reveals that his text owes much less to Wagner than scholars have previously assumed: in fact, evidence suggests that the most important part of the interview (that is, the advice to French composers was added by Fourcaud himself after Wagner’s death.

  12. First events from the CNGS neutrino beam detected in the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Acquafredda, R.; Ambrosio, M.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Arrabito, L.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Bergnoli, A.; Bersani Greggio, F.; Besnier, M.; Beyer, M.; Bondil-Blin, S.; Borer, K.; Boucrot, J.; Boyarkin, V.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buontempo, S.; Caffari, Y.; Campagne, Jean-Eric; Carlus, B.; Carrara, E.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chiarella, V.; Chon-Sen, N.; Chukanov, A.; Ciesielski, R.; Consiglio, L.; Cozzi, M.; Dal Corso, F.; D'Ambrosio, N.; Damet, J.; De Lellis, G.; Declais, Y.; Descombes, T.; De Serio, M.; Di Capua, F.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Giovanni, A.; Di Marco, N.; Di Troia, C.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dulach, B.; Dusini, S.; Ebert, J.; Enikeev, R.; Ereditato, A.; Esposito, L.S.; Fanin, C.; Favier, J.; Felici, G.; Ferber, T.; Fournier, L.; Franceschi, A.; Frekers, D.; Fukuda, T.; Fukushima, C.; Galkin, V.I.; Galkin, V.A.; Gallet, R.; Garfagnini, A.; Gaudiot, G.; Giacomelli, G.; Giarmana, O.; Giorgini, M.; Girard, L.; Girerd, C.; Goellnitz, C.; Goldberg, J.; Gornoushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Grianti, F.; Guerin, C.; Guler, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hamane, T.; Hara, T.; Hauger, M.; Hess, M.; Hoshino, K.; Ieva, M.; Incurvati, M.; Jakovcic, K.; Janicsko Csathy, J.; Janutta, B.; Jollet, C.; Juget, F.; Kazuyama, M.; Kim, S.H.; Kimura, M.; Knuesel, J.; Kodama, K.; Kolev, D.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Krasnoperov, A.; Kreslo, I.; Krumstein, Z.; Laktineh, I.; de La Taille, C.; Le Flour, T.; Lieunard, S.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Malgin, A.; Manai, K.; Mandrioli, G.; Mantello, U.; Marotta, A.; Marteau, J.; Martin-Chassard, G.; Matveev, V.; Messina, M.; Meyer, L.; Micanovic, S.; Migliozzi, P.; Miyamoto, S.; Monacelli, Piero; Monteiro, I.; Morishima, K.; Moser, U.; Muciaccia, M.T.; Mugnier, P.; Naganawa, N.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Napolitano, T.; Natsume, M.; Niwa, K.; Nonoyama, Y.; Nozdrin, A.; Ogawa, S.; Olchevski, A.; Orlandi, D.; Ossetski, D.; Paoloni, A.; Park, B.D.; Park, I.G.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pellegrino, L.; Pessard, H.; Pilipenko, V.; Pistillo, C.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pretzl, K.; Publichenko, P.; Raux, L.; Repellin, J.P.; Roganova, T.; Romano, G.; Rosa, G.; Rubbia, A.; Ryasny, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Ryzhikov, D.; Sadovski, A.; Sanelli, C.; Sato, O.; Sato, Y.; Saveliev, V.; Savvinov, N.; Sazhina, G.; Schembri, A.; Schmidt Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schutz, H.U.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Sewing, J.; Shibuya, H.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Song, J.S.; Spaeti, R.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, Paolo Emilio; Sugonyaev, V.; Takahashi, S.; Tereschenko, V.; Terranova, F.; Tezuka, I.; Tioukov, V.; Tikhomirov, I.; Tolun, P.; Toshito, T.; Tsarev, V.; Tsenov, R.; Ugolino, U.; Ushida, N.; Van Beek, G.; Verguilov, V.; Vilain, P.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J.L.; Waelchli, T.; Waldi, R.; Weber, M.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Wurth, R.; Wurtz, J.; Yakushev, V.; Yoon, C.S.; Zaitsev, Y.; Zamboni, I.; Zimmerman, R.

    2006-01-01

    The OPERA neutrino detector at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS) was designed to perform the first detection of neutrino oscillations in appearance mode, through the study of nu_mu to nu_tau oscillations. The apparatus consists of a lead/emulsion-film target complemented by electronic detectors. It is placed in the high-energy, long-baseline CERN to LNGS beam (CNGS) 730 km away from the neutrino source. In August 2006 a first run with CNGS neutrinos was successfully conducted. A first sample of neutrino events was collected, statistically consistent with the integrated beam intensity. After a brief description of the beam and of the various sub-detectors, we report on the achievement of this milestone, presenting the first data and some analysis results.

  13. Measured Early Lateral Energy Fractions in Concert Halls and Opera Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    BARRON, M.

    2000-04-01

    In the 30 years since early lateral reflections were first suggested as important for concert halls, spatial impression and source broadening have become almost universally accepted as essential characteristics of halls with good acoustics. Two objective measures of source broadening have been proposed. Measured values of the best defined of these measures, the early lateral energy fraction (LF), are considered here. Results from two independent measurement surveys are discussed. Comparisons of LF values by hall show a significant link between hall mean LF and hall width. There is however considerable overlap between measured LF values in different halls so the relevance of describing halls by their mean early lateral energy fraction values is questionable. The behaviour of LF values within auditoria is discussed for different concert hall plan forms and within opera houses. A measure of source broadening including sound level is proposed and results considered in the context of auditorium design.

  14. 秦腔戏剧脸谱的构成及其美学意蕴%The constituents of the Shaanxi opera facial makeup and its aesthetic connotation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰宇; 顾朝晖

    2013-01-01

    以历史考据的方式,将秦腔脸谱与传统面具相联系,分析其起源、形成、发展以及不同类型。以美学、文化学理论和秦腔戏剧发展为参照,得出了秦腔脸谱以色彩隐喻忠奸,以写意表达好恶,以神态刻画精神三大美学表现特征的结论。%The facial makeup in operas is the content of formulation during the process of drama perform-ance ,which means a lot to the drama performance .The facial makeup of Shaanxi opera can be regarded as the costumes of Shaanxi opera---the special presentation of facial clothing .Based on the history ,con-nects the facial makeup of Shaanxi opera with the traditional masks ,the origins ,formation ,development and various types of facial makeup of Shaanxi opera are analyzed systematically .According to the theo-ries of aesthetics and culture ,it reaches a conclusion ,namely three aesthetic features about the facial makeup of Shaanxi opera .T hey are as follow s :the artistic beauty of the facial makeup of Shaanxi opera . The artistic concept of the facial makeup of Shaanxi opera .The vivid performance of the facial makeup of Shaanxi opera .the colore used as a metaphor for logyalty and evil .

  15. A scale value for the balance inside a historical opera house

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prodi, Nicola; Velecka, Sylvia

    2005-02-01

    In the framework of opera house acoustics, the term ``balance'' refers to the acoustical competition between the singer on the stage and the orchestra in the pit. The mechanism allowing the operatic singers to be heard over the orchestra has to do with their skill in enhancing the vocal emission by a peculiar use of the formant frequencies. This vital factor is sensed by the listeners and, apart from the obvious sound power ratio of the stage and the pit sources, is the main cue that helps to formulate a subjective impression of the balance. To achieve its objective qualification, two calibrated sound sources can be placed on the stage and in the pit, respectively, and their sound level difference is measured at the listeners' seats. The scope of this work is to investigate the relationship between the subjective impression and the objective indicator of the balance and to develop a scale value for the parameter in the case of a historical opera house. For this scope a set of acoustical data from the Teatro Comunale in Ferrara will be used to create synthetic sound fields with controlled conditions of the balance between the stage and the pit. This methodology employs an anechoic piece for soprano (with piano accompaniment) and is implemented in a dead room equipped with an acoustical rendering system. The sound fields are used to investigate the appropriate balance values by means of listening tests. The results of the scaling exercise show that a suitable range of values can be extracted and that the sound from the stage and the pit is perceived as balanced when the loudness difference between the two is comprised within -2.0 dBA and +2.3 dBA. .

  16. AIDS soap opera generates massive interest. Eye witness: Cote d'Ivoire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, R

    1995-12-01

    SIDA Dans La Cite (AIDS in the City) is a popular weekly soap opera first broadcast in Cote d'Ivoire in 1991 with 11 15-minute episodes. The series is part of a campaign by Population Services International (PSI) to raise awareness about AIDS among Ivorian youth. Actors worked for a nominal fee, editing studios were provided at substantial discounts, and filming equipment was borrowed for next to nothing. Production director realized how important the soap opera had become after the fourth episode. A study of 700 households in Abidjan found that of the 75% who had access to a television, two-thirds had seen at least one episode. Cote d'Ivoire may be one of the most religiously conservative countries in Africa. 10% of the adult population, however, is infected with HIV. All sectors of society therefore understand the need to openly understand and discuss sexual issues in the context of such high HIV prevalence. Studies indicate that virtually everyone in Cote d'Ivoire has heard of AIDS and knows that it is a sexually transmitted disease, but persuading people to change their behavior is difficult. PSI sells approximately 750,000 of its subsidized Prudence condoms. Prudence has the same brand recognition in the country as Nescafe and Toyota. A recent survey of sexually active teens found that 30% of girls and 45% of boys used condoms. A weekly radio show is broadcast live from one of the poorest ghettos of Abidjan. Guests include popular singers, comedians, and television personalities. The actors are often from SIDA Dans La Cite.

  17. Respiratory function in vocal soloists, opera singers and wind instrument musicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksinopoulou, Helen; Hatzoglou, Chryssa; Daniil, Zoe; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos; Karetsi, Helen

    2016-12-13

    Current studies have not yet reached a definitive conclusion on the effects of singing and playing wind instruments professionally on an individual's respiratory function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the respiratory function of wind instrument players and opera singers in comparison with a group of healthy individuals. The experimental group comprised 45 men and 35 women, 58 opera singers and vocal soloists in total and 22 wind instruments players. Eighty controls were all non-smokers, healthy individuals, matched for age and sex. Spirometry was performed with a dry spirometer, according to the American Thoracic Society recommendations. The mean age of the experimental group was 47.9 (15.5) years for men and 46.6 (16.8) for women. Experimental group and controls differed (p<0.01) in FVC [%predicted values: 98.69±13.07 vs 89.62±14.01 (men), 104.2±17.7 vs 93.8±13.9 (women)], FEV1[% predicted values: 98.69±13.07 vs 89.62±14.01 (men), 104.2±17.7 vs 93.8±13.9 (women)] and in PEFR values (p=0.001). [100.4±18.8 vs 76.7±19.8 (men)]. FEV1/FVC ratio significant differences were detected only in women (p=0.001, for predicted values). The findings of the present study provide evidence that professional involvement with wind musical instrument or monody might have beneficial effects on respiratory function. Future therapeutic perspectives, and associations between a documented improved respiratory function and performance by the musician should be examined.

  18. Limits on muon-neutrino to tau-neutrino oscillations induced by a sterile neutrino state obtained by OPERA at the CNGS beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agafonova, N.; Aleksandrov, A.; Anokhina, A.; Aoki, S.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Bender, D.; Bertolin, A.; Bodnarchuk, I.; Bozza, C.; Brugnera, R.; Buonaura, A.; Buontempo, S.; Büttner, B.; Chernyavsky, M.; Chukanov, A.; Consiglio, L.; D'Ambrosio, N.; De Lellis, G.; De Serio, M.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Di Ferdinando, D.; Di Marco, N.; Dmitrievski, S.; Dracos, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Dusini, S.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Ebert, J.; Ereditato, A.; Fini, R. A.; Fukuda, T.; Galati, G.; Garfagnini, A.; Goldberg, J.; Gornushkin, Y.; Grella, G.; Guler, A. M.; Gustavino, C.; Hagner, C.; Hara, T.; Hollnagel, A.; Hosseini, B.; Ishiguro, K.; Jakovcic, K.; Jollet, C.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. H.; Kitagawa, N.; Klicek, B.; Kodama, K.; Komatsu, M.; Kose, U.; Kreslo, I.; Lauria, A.; Ljubicic, A.; Longhin, A.; Malgin, A.; Malenica, M.; Mandrioli, G.; Matsuo, T.; Matveev, V.; Mauri, N.; Medinaceli, E.; Meregaglia, A.; Mikado, S.; Monacelli, P.; Montesi, M. C.; Morishima, K.; Muciaccia, M. T.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Ogawa, S.; Omura, T.; Ozaki, K.; Paoloni, A.; Paparella, L.; Park, B. D.; Park, I. G.; Pasqualini, L.; Pastore, A.; Patrizii, L.; Pessard, H.; Podgrudkov, D.; Polukhina, N.; Pozzato, M.; Pupilli, F.; Roda, M.; Roganova, T.; Rokujo, H.; Rosa, G.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Sato, O.; Schembri, A.; Shakirianova, I.; Shchedrina, T.; Sheshukov, A.; Shibuya, H.; Shiraishi, T.; Shoziyoev, G.; Simone, S.; Sioli, M.; Sirignano, C.; Sirri, G.; Spinetti, M.; Stanco, L.; Starkov, N.; Stellacci, S. M.; Stipcevic, M.; Strolin, P.; Takahashi, S.; Tenti, M.; Terranova, F.; Tioukov, V.; Tufanli, S.; Vilain, P.; Vladymyrov, M.; Votano, L.; Vuilleumier, J. L.; Wilquet, G.; Wonsak, B.; Yoon, C. S.; Zemskova, S.

    2015-06-01

    The OPERA experiment, exposed to the CERN to Gran Sasso ν μ beam, collected data from 2008 to 2012. Four oscillated ν τ Charged Current interaction candidates have been detected in appearance mode, which are consistent with ν μ → ν τ oscillations at the atmospheric Δ m 2 within the "standard" three-neutrino framework. In this paper, the OPERA ν τ appearance results are used to derive limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino.

  19. The OPERA experiment. Discovery of ν{sub τ} appearance in the CNGS ν{sub μ} beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollnagel, Annika [Universitaet Hamburg, Institut fuer Experimentalphysik (Germany); Collaboration: OPERA-Hamburg-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    The long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment OPERA has been designed for the direct observation of ν{sub τ} appearance in the CNGS ν{sub μ} beam. The OPERA detector is located at the LNGS underground laboratory, with a distance of 730 km from the neutrino source at CERN. It is a hybrid apparatus built of about 150000 Emulsion Cloud Chamber modules providing micrometric resolution and Electronic Detector elements for online readout, interaction location, and the measurement of particle charge and momentum. While CNGS beam data taking lasted from 2008 to 2012, the neutrino oscillation analysis is still ongoing: With the observation of a 5th τ neutrino event in an enlarged data sample, the experiment was recently able to report the discovery of ν{sub μ} → ν{sub τ} oscillations at a significance larger than 5 σ.

  20. POLITICAL ECONOMY OF RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL SYMBOLS IN THE SOAP OPERA OF TUKANG BUBUR NAIK HAJI AT RCTI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasir

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Television is a very influential media and important tool in capital accumulation. This study aims to reveal the use of Islamic and Betawi ethnic symbols, workers, and also the audiences of Tukang Bubur Naik Haji (TBNH soap opera at RCTI. This research used a political economy of communication perspective. The data were collected by using interview, observation, documentation, and literature study. The result shows that the religious symbols of Islam and Betawi culture have been exploited as comodity to be traded. Those symbols have been commercialized dan manipulated through the use of sensational, provocative, and hyperbole words or sentences to entertain audiences and to attract the advertisers. The hyper-comercialization and politicization of symbols caused the soap opera workers and Moslem audiences have been exploited.

  1. OPERA-LG: efficient and exact scaffolding of large, repeat-rich eukaryotic genomes with performance guarantees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Song; Bertrand, Denis; Chia, Burton K H; Nagarajan, Niranjan

    2016-05-11

    The assembly of large, repeat-rich eukaryotic genomes represents a significant challenge in genomics. While long-read technologies have made the high-quality assembly of small, microbial genomes increasingly feasible, data generation can be expensive for larger genomes. OPERA-LG is a scalable, exact algorithm for the scaffold assembly of large, repeat-rich genomes, out-performing state-of-the-art programs for scaffold correctness and contiguity. It provides a rigorous framework for scaffolding of repetitive sequences and a systematic approach for combining data from different second-generation and third-generation sequencing technologies. OPERA-LG provides an avenue for systematic augmentation and improvement of thousands of existing draft eukaryotic genome assemblies.

  2. Analysis Status and Recent Results on νμ → νe Oscillations of the Opera Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitagawa, Nobuko

    2015-03-01

    The OPERA experiment is designed to demonstrate the transition from νμ to ντ in neutrino oscillations by detecting the ντ appearance. During its 5 years run, from 2008 to 2012, 17.97×1019 protons on target were used to produce the νμ beam. In OPERA, νμ → νe oscillations are also searched for. The results presented in this article use the 2008 and 2009 data. Upper limits of 0.44 for sin2(2θ13) in the three flavour oscillation scheme and of 7.2×10-3 for sin2(2θnew) in a non standard oscillation scheme were set at 90% C.L.

  3. Search for sterile neutrino mixing in the muon neutrino to tau neutrino appearance channel with the OPERA detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Crescenzo, A.; OPERA Collaboration

    2016-05-01

    The OPERA experiment observed ν μ → ν τ oscillations in the atmospheric sector. To this purpose the hybrid OPERA detector was exposed to the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam from 2008 to 2012, at a distance of 730 km from the neutrino source. Charged-current interactions of ν τ were searched for through the identification of τ lepton decay topologies. The five observed ν τ interactions are consistent with the expected number of events in the standard three neutrino framework. Based on this result, new limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino may be set. Preliminary results of the analysis performed in the 3+1 neutrino framework are here presented.

  4. Measurement of the neutrino velocity with the OPERA detector in the CNGS beam using the 2012 dedicated data

    CERN Document Server

    Adam, T; Aleksandrov, A; Anokhina, A; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Autiero, D; Badertscher, A; Dhahbi, A.Ben; Beretta, M; Bertolin, A; Bozza, C; Brugiere, T; Brugnera, R; Brunet, F; Brunetti, G; Buettner, B; Buontempo, S; Carlus, B; Cavanna, F; Cazes, A; Chaussard, L; Chernyavsky, M; Chiarella, V; Chukanov, A; D'Ambrosio, N; De Lellis, G; De Serio, M; del Amo Sanchez, P; Di Crescenzo, A; Di Ferdinando, D; Di Marco, N; Dmitrievsky, S; Dracos, M; Duchesneau, D; Dusini, S; Dzhatdoev, T; Ebert, J; Ereditato, A; Esposito, L S; Favier, J; Felici, G; Ferber, T; Fini, R A; Fukuda, T; Garfagnini, A; Giacomelli, G; Girerd, C; Goellnitz, C; Goldberg, J; Golubkov, D; Gornushkin, Y; Grella, G; Grianti, F; Guerin, C; Guler, A M; Gustavino, C; Hagner, C; Hamada, K; Hara, T; Hierholzer, M; Hollnagel, A; Ishida, H; Ishiguro, K; Jakovcic, K; Jollet, C; Kamiscioglu, C; Kamiscioglu, M; Kawada, J; Kim, J H; Kim, S H; Kimura, M; Kitagawa, N; Klicek, B; Kodama, K; Komatsu, M; Kose, U; Kreslo, I; Lauria, A; Lazzaro, C; Lenkeit, J; Ljubicic, A; Longhin, A; Mancini-Terracciano, C; Malgin, A; Mandrioli, G; Marteau, J; Matsuo, T; Matveev, V; Mauri, N; Medinaceli, E; Meregaglia, A; Migliozzi, P; Mikado, S; Monacelli, P; Montesi, M C; Morishima, K; Moser, U; Muciaccia, M T; Nakamura, M; Nakano, T; Nakatsuka, Y; Naumov, D; Nikitina, V; Ogawa, S; Olchevsky, A; Ozaki, K; Palamara, O; Paoloni, A; Park, B D; Park, I G; Pastore, A; Patrizii, L; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Pistillo, C; Podgrudkov, D; Polukhina, N; Pozzato, M; Pretzl, K; Pupilli, F; Rescigno, R; Roda, M; Roganova, T; Rokujo, H; Rosa, G; Rostovtseva, I; Rubbia, A; Russo, A; Ryazhskaya, O; Sato, O; Sato, Y; Schembri, A; Schmidt-Parzefall, W; Schuler, J; Shakiryanova, I; Sheshukov, A; Shibuya, H; Shoziyoev, G; Simone, S; Sioli, M; Sirignano, C; Sirri, G; Song, J S; Spinetti, M; Stanco, L; Starkov, N; Stellacci, S M; Stipcevic, M; Strauss, T; Takahashi, S; Tenti, M; Terranova, F; Tioukov, V; Tolun, P; Tufanli, S; Vilain, P; Vladimirov, M; Votano, L; Vuilleumier, J L; Wilquet, G; Wonsak, B; Wurtz, J; Yoon, C S; Yoshida, J; Zaitsev, Y; Zemskova, S; Zghiche, A; Zimmermann, R

    2013-01-01

    In spring 2012 CERN provided two weeks of a short bunch proton beam dedicated to the neutrino velocity measurement over a distance of 730 km. The OPERA neutrino experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory used an upgraded setup compared to the 2011 measurements, improving the measurement time accuracy. An independent timing system based on the Resistive Plate Chambers was exploited providing a time accuracy of $\\sim$1 ns. Neutrino and anti-neutrino contributions were separated using the information provided by the OPERA magnetic spectrometers. The new analysis profited from the precision geodesy measurements of the neutrino baseline and of the CNGS/LNGS clock synchronization. The neutrino arrival time with respect to the one computed assuming the speed of light in vacuum is found to be $\\delta t_\

  5. 戏曲起源字义考%Textual Research on the Literal Meaning of Operas' Origin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯健民; 陈建华

    2015-01-01

    Opinions about the origin of Chinese operas vary, the most powerful one of which is that it originates from ancient music and dance.However, this is not true.Based on the words of "xi"and"ju" in the ancient Chinese, this paper applies the methodology of gloss explanations and textu-al criticisms and makes a new interpretation of the issue in order to restore the truth of operas' ori-gin.%关于戏曲的起源, 众说纷纭, 其中最具影响力者乃歌舞说. 然而, 此说不实. 本文以古汉字中 "戏" "剧" 二字为据, 以训诂、 考释之方法, 对此问题重做解析, 希冀能还戏曲起源之本来面目.

  6. 中国戏曲特性的再认识%Recognition of Characteristic of Chinese Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张克仙

    2011-01-01

    中国戏曲表演的特性,主要通过戏曲表演的程式化和虚拟性,表现视像与体验,以达到塑造人物形象、挖掘人物的内心活动、表达人物思想感情的目的。%Experienced a long history of thousands of years, Chinese opera has formed a unique art style. The characteristic of Chinese opera is that it shows optical image and experience mainly through the stylization and virtualization of theatrical perform- ance in order to achieve the purpose of shaping figure' s image, grubbing figure' s inner action and expressing figure' s thinking and feeling.

  7. Uma Abordagem de Teoria dos Jogos sobre Operações de Aluguel no Mercado Acionário Brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kym Marcel Martins Ardison

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available No mercado brasileiro, a instituição dos juros sobre capital próprio (JSCP abriu precedentes para ganhos, em operações estruturadas, oriundos da diferença entre as alíquotas tributárias das pessoas físicas e dos fundos de investimento. Tal diferença gera incentivos à realização de operações de aluguel de ações em que, às vésperas do pagamento de JSCP, os investidores pessoa física emprestam suas ações aos fundos de investimentos, os quais recebem integralmente os JSCP e repassam apenas 85% do valor aos investidores. Nosso objetivo é compreender como o excedente gerado por meio dessa operação de arbitragem tributária é dividido entre os agentes envolvidos na operação de aluguel de ações e determinar se existem condições nas quais os agentes não terão incentivos para realizar tal operação. Através de uma abordagem de jogos não cooperativos, estruturamos essa operação e analisamos possíveis equilíbrios de Nash Perfeito em Subjogos em três situações: (1 relação direta entre investidor e fundo de investimento e ausência de custos de transação; (2 relação direta entre investidor e fundo de investimento e presença de custos de transação; e (3 relação entre investidor e fundo de investimento intermediada por uma corretora, e presença de custos (menores de transação. Nos casos em que a corretora não realiza a intermediação, mais contratos tendem a ser fechados, mas o ganho do fundo apenas cobre os custos de registro da operação. Essa situação se reverte quando admitidos custos de transação elevados, em que, no caso extremo, o investidor perde seu poder de barganha e seu ganho compensa apenas sua aversão ao risco. Ao introduzirmos a corretora na operação, somente investidores que possuam uma quantidade mínima de ações receberão ofertas do fundo via corretora. O ganho do fundo tende a diminuir devido à presença da corretora e, em determinadas situações, o investidor perde seu

  8. Changes of Shanghai Opera Venues Since Modern China%近代以来上海沪剧演出场所变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋寿胜; 解军

    2015-01-01

    上海的沪剧先后经历了花鼓戏、本地滩簧、申曲沪剧时期,与之相对的演出场所同样也经历了郊县的茶楼酒肆或农村高台、城区茶楼、城市游乐场等变化。上海沪剧演出场所的变迁,为沪剧剧目的趋新、舞台艺术的革新以及沪剧音乐的改善等提供了契机,促进了沪剧艺术走向成熟。%The Shanghai Opera has in sequence experienced the Drum Opera period, the Local Tanhuang period, and Shanghai Opera period. Correspondingly, the venues has undergone changes from suburban restaurants, wine shops and rural high stadiums, to city teahouses, then to urban amusement parks, etc.. The venue changes of the Shanghai Opera provide an opportunity for the play renewal, innovation of the stadium art and improvement of the opera music, which promoted the artistic maturity of Shanghai Opera.

  9. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 86-236-1725, San Francisco Opera Costume Shop, San Francisco, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belanger, P.L.; Okawa, M.T.

    1986-09-01

    An employee representative of the San Francisco Opera Costume Shop requested an investigation of possible exposure to chemical substances by crafts persons and textile artists. No overexposure to chemicals was found during cloth stripping and dying operations, boot deglazing, hat lacquering, fabric painting or casting operations. During boot spray painting, two personal air samples contained methylene chloride at 11.9 and 25 parts per million; both above the NIOSH recommended criteria for methylene-chloride exposure.

  10. Search for sterile neutrino mixing in the νμ → ντ appearance channel with the OPERA detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauri, N.

    2016-11-01

    The OPERA experiment has observed muon neutrino to tau neutrino oscillations in the atmospheric sector in appearance mode. Five ντ candidate events have been detected, a number consistent with the expectation from the "standard" 3ν framework. Based on this result new limits on the mixing parameters of a massive sterile neutrino have been set. The analysis is performed in the 3+1 neutrino model.

  11. Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: Current status and future challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Koordeman, R.; Anschutz, D.J.; Engels, R. C. M. E.

    2012-01-01

    Aims: To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. Methods: This paper reviews the current literature on alcohol portrayals on-screen and the associated gaps and challenges in alcohol media research. Results: Thirteen longitudinal studies, 8 cross-sectional studies and 6 experimental studies examined ...

  12. VR 'SPACE OPERA': Mimetic Spectralism in an Immersive Starlight Audification System

    CERN Document Server

    Carey, Benedict

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a system designed as part of an interactive VR opera, which immerses a real-time composer and an audience (via a network) in the historical location of Gobeklitepe, in southern Turkey during an imaginary scenario set in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period (8500-5500 BCE), viewed by some to be the earliest example of a temple, or observatory. In this scene music is generated, where the harmonic material is determined based on observations of light variation from pulsating stars, that would have theoretically been overhead on the 1st of October 8000 BC at 23:00 and animal calls based on the reliefs in the temple. Based on the observations of the stars V465 Per, HD 217860, 16 Lac, BG CVn and KIC 6382916, frequency collections were derived and applied to the generation of musical sound and notation sequences within a custom VR environment using a novel method incorporating spectralist techniques. Parameters controlling this 'resynthesis' can be manipulated by the performer using a Leap Motion co...

  13. Operação de Glenn bidirecional Bidirectional Glenn anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Chaccur

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available A cirurgia de Gleen bidirecional tem sido empregadacomo uma opção ao tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes considerados candidatos "não ideais" à cirurgia de derivação átrio-pulmonar. A operação consiste na anastomose da veia cava superior com a artéria pulmonar (anastomose término-lateral, permitindo o fluxo sanguíneo também para o pulmão contra-lateral. A partir de janeiro de 1990 até fevereiro de 1992, 20 pacientes foram operados em nosso Serviço, com idade variando de 5 meses a 8 anos (média de 37,7 meses. Oito pacientes eram do sexo feminino e o peso variou de 6,3 a 18,8 Kg (média - 12,4 kg. A indicação cirúrgica foi considerada primária em 10 casos. Sete casos de atresia tricúspide e 3 de ventrículo único, que apresentavam acentuada diminuição do fluxo pulmonar e não eram candidatos a correção total funcional. Os demais pacientes tiveram a indicação considerada secundária, ou seja, já haviam sido submetidos a operação de shunt artério-venoso, cerclagem do tranco pulmonar, ou atriosseptostomia, 8 casos de atresia tricúspide, 3 de ventrículo único com estenose ou cerclagem pulmonar e 1 caso de DVSVD com ventrículo superior-inferior. A operação foi realizada com desvio da veia cava-átrio direito em 12 casos e com o uso de CEC em 8. Durante o procedimento cirúrgico, os pacientes foram monitorizados com oxímetro pulsátil e a saturação de oxigênio média pré-correção foi de 75,5% (71% a 86% e após, de 95% (91% a 98%. Não ocorreu óbito hospitalar e o único óbito tardio foi devido a infecção pulmonar no 2º mês de pós-operatório. Achamos, portanto, que a operação de Glenn bidirecional estará bem indicada como primeira etapa da correção definitiva, pois não aumenta o trabalho cardíaco e a resistência vascular pulmonar não produz distorções em artéria pulmonar como shunt tipo Blalock-Taussig.The bidirectional Glenn anastomosis has bee used as an effective mean of palliating

  14. Measurement of New Energetic Parameters for the Objective Characterization of AN Opera House

    Science.gov (United States)

    STANZIAL, D.; BONSI, D.; PRODI, N.

    2000-04-01

    Following a rigorous approach to the energetic analysis of sound fields, the measurement of new quantities for the physical description of the behavior of sound in enclosed spaces has been carried out inside an Italian opera house. A first set of measures has been performed during the steady state, allowing the study of the new discovered property calledsound intensity polarization , which accounts for the amount of energy oscillating thorugh the measurement point. Then, in order to accomplish a complete statistical study of the transient field behaviour, the full set of quantities involved in the energy continuity equation (total sound energy density and intensity) has been obtained by means of the extension of the classical Schroeder's method to the quantities depending also on the air particle velocity solution of the wave equation. Finally, two newly defined field indicators, accounting for the local amount of sound energy radiation and the balance between the potential and kinetic parts of the total sound energy density, have been investigated.

  15. Launch processing system operations with a future look to operations analyst (OPERA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heard, Astrid E.

    The launch processing system at Kennedy Space Center is used to process a Shuttle vehicle from its initial arrival in an Orbiter processing facility to a launch pad. This paper describes the launch processing system architecture and the ground support operations required to provide Shuttle system engineers with the capability to safely process and launch an Orbiter. The described ground operations are the culmination of 11 years of experience and redesign. In this paper, I examine some of the "lessons learned" and discuss problem areas which ground support operations have identified over the years as the Shuttle and launch processing systems continue to grow in complexity. As we strive to maintain the efficient level of support currently provided, some benefits have been gained through standard information management and automation techniques. However, problems requiring complex correlational analyses of information have defied resolution until artificial intelligence research developed expert system applications technology. The operational analyst for distributed systems (OPERA), a proposed set of expert systems for launch processing system operational assistance, is discussed along with its extensions to prospective future configurations and components for the launch processing system.

  16. Hibriditas Medium pada Film Opera Jawa Karya Garin Nugroho sebagai Sebuah Dekonstruksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riksa Belasunda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the midst of the ideas, concepts, messages, and aesthetics uniformity at national films, it is interesting to make Opera Jawa movie by Garin Nugroho the object of study. That is the reason why the study was conducted. The research was an effort to improve the audience's productive and active role in understanding and interpreting the subtitles by focusing on how to read the message and meaning through subtitles constructed by the diversity of the medium use. The study conducted with the postmodern aesthetic approach through semiotic method with descriptive interpretive technique dismantles the structure of the film code language through the analysis of narrative and dramatic structure-forming elements of the film. It deals with aspects such as non-verbal signs of visual elements and movement in the film shot. These elements are constructed by the medium expression choice of the filmmaker in delivering his message. The filmmaker delivers his criticism or satire through swerved meaning and medium exploration (medium hybridism. Through this film, Garin Nugroho deconstructed the figures, space, message and meaning, as well as the narrative of the epic Ramayana by Walmiki as a reference. It reflects gender issues, feminism, masculinity domination, class warfare, and capitalism.

  17. From Opera to Real Democracy: Popular Constitutionalism and Web 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Dale

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available On March 17, 2011 the conductor Riccardo Muti stood in the orchestra pit at the Teatro dell’Opera di Roma and, in the presence of the Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, and the Italian President, Giorgio Napolitano, denounced the Italian government’s cuts to funding for the arts and culture. He then invited the entire audience to join the opera’s chorus in an encore of Va’ Pensiero, the hymn of the Hebrew slaves in Nabucco, to protest the cuts. Within two days of the sing-a-long, the Italian government reversed the course it set more than ten months before and agreed to a tax that would be used to restore funds to the arts and culture budget. This article traces how and why these acts of protest in Italy developed, succeeded, and then were appropriated by transnational activists interested in encouraging popular constitutionalism. Because the entire process made considerable use of Facebook, blogs, YouTube, and Twitter, this case study simultaneously explores how a popular protest became a successful expression of popular constitutionalism, and considers how the messages of that protest evolved across a transnational public sphere that encompassed Web 2.0.

  18. Three errors in the article:" The OPERA neutrino velocity result and the synchronisation of clocks, "

    CERN Document Server

    Besida, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    We found three mistakes in the article " The OPERA neutrino velocity result and the synchronisation of clocks" by Contaldi \\cite{Contaldi}. First, the definition of the angle of the latitude in the geoid description leads to a prolate spheroid (rugby ball shape) instead of an oblate spheroid with the usual equatorial flattening. Second, Contaldi forgot a cosine of the latitude in the centripetal contribution term. And last but not least, a profound conceptual mistake was done in believing that an atomic clock or any timekeeper apparatus was carried in a journey by car or plane between CERN and Gran Sasso; instead of that atomic clocks are continuously resynchronized through a GPS device, and the variation of the potential term applies only for the neutrino travel itself. Thus instead of a $\\Delta t \\approx 30ns $ correction claimed by the author in a travel of 12 hours plus 4 days at rest for an atomic clock, we have found a time correction only for the neutrino itself $\\Delta t=3.88 \\, 10^{-16} s$! That mean...

  19. Polymorphous Narrative of Gothic Tradition in Linguistic Perspective: Comparing Fiction and Opera Libretto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoia Ihina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to revealing linguistic means that realise the event in the gothic narrative – H. James's novella "The Turn of the Screw" and the opera libretto of the same name. The event is treated as a situational change of states and presupposes that the real and the unknown should meet. This meeting runs through the whole narrative. The event is ideal and abstract; it shows itself in concrete manifestations – incidents. Discerning the event is possible by analysing linguistic signals of its manifestations – traces. In both the novella and libretto (though varying in structural peculiarities of the event the most vivid and noticeable trace is expressed by such a neutral word as bad; every appearance of this word in both texts "turns the screw" tighter; it is a common keyword sustaining the original story flavour. As a linguistic sign the word bad is analysed from perspectives of different characters. Keywords: narrative, Gothic tradition, event, trace, refracting point, transubstantiation space

  20. Brain and Music: An Intraoperative Stimulation Mapping Study of a Professional Opera Singer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Marco; Casarotti, Alessandra; Comi, Alessandro; Pessina, Federico; Bello, Lorenzo

    2016-09-01

    Music is one of the most sophisticated and fascinating functions of the brain. Yet, how music is instantiated within the brain is not fully characterized. Singing is a peculiar aspect of music, in which both musical and linguistic skills are required to provide a merged vocal output. Identifying the neural correlates of this process is relevant for both clinical and research purposes. An adult white man with a presumed left temporal glioma was studied. He is a professional opera singer. A tailored music evaluation, the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia, was performed preoperatively and postoperatively, with long-term follow-up. Intraoperative stimulation mapping (ISM) with awake surgery with a specific music evaluation battery was used to identify and preserve the cortical and subcortical structures subserving music, along with standard motor-sensory and language mapping. A total resection of a grade I glioma was achieved. The Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia reported an improvement in musical scores after the surgery. ISM consistently elicited several types of errors in the superior temporal gyrus and, to a lesser extent, in the inferior frontal operculum. Most errors occurred during score reading; fewer errors were elicited during the assessment of rhythm. No spontaneous errors were recorded. These areas did not overlap with eloquent sites for counting or naming. ISM and a tailored music battery enabled better characterization of a specific network within the brain subserving score reading independently from speech with long-term clinical impact. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Measurement of the atmospheric muon charge ratio with the OPERA detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agafonova, N.; Boyarkin, V.; Enikeev, R.; Malgin, A.; Matveev, V.; Ryasny, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Yakushev, V. [INR - Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Anokhina, A.; Galkin, V.I.; Nikitina, V.; Osedlo, V.; Publichenko, P.; Roganova, T. [SINP MSU - Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation); Aoki, S.; Hara, T.; Rokujo, H. [Kobe University, Kobe (Japan); Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Ereditato, A.; Juget, F.; Knuesel, J.; Kreslo, I.; Lutter, G.; Meisel, F.; Moser, U.; Pistillo, C.; Pretzl, K.; Vuilleumier, J.L. [University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP), Bern (Switzerland); Autiero, D.; Brugiere, T.; Cazes, A.; Chaussard, L.; Declais, Y.; Marteau, J.; Pennacchio, E.; Tran, T. [Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, IPNL, CNRS/IN2P3, Villeurbanne (France); Badertscher, A.; Lazzaro, C.; Rubbia, A.; Strauss, T. [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Bagulya, A.; Chernyavsky, M.; Goncharova, L.; Orlova, G.; Polukhina, N.; Starkov, N.; Vladimirov, M. [LPI - Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bertolin, A.; Dal Corso, F.; Dusini, S. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Besnier, M.; Duchesneau, D.; Favier, J.; Pessard, H.; Zghiche, A. [Universite de Savoie, LAPP, CNRS/IN2P3, Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Bick, D.; Ebert, J.; Ferber, T.; Goellnitz, C.; Hagner, C.; Lenkeit, J.; Oldorf, C.; Schmidt Parzefall, W.; Wonsak, B.; Zimmermann, R. [Hamburg University, Hamburg (Germany); Bozza, C.; D' Amato, G.; Grella, G.; Policastro, G.; Rescigno, R.; Romano, G.; Sirignano, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Salerno (Italy); INFN, Fisciano, Salerno (Italy); Brugnera, R.; Garfagnini, A.; Kose, U. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Padova, Padova (Italy)] [and others

    2010-05-15

    The OPERA detector at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS) was used to measure the atmospheric muon charge ratio R{sub {mu}}=N{sub {mu}}{sup +}/N{sub {mu}}{sup -} in the TeV energy region. We analyzed 403069 atmospheric muons corresponding to 113.4 days of lifetime during the 2008 CNGS run. We computed separately the muon charge ratio for single and for multiple muon events in order to select different energy regions of the primary cosmic ray spectrum and to test the R{sub {mu}} dependence on the primary composition. The measured R{sub {mu}} values were corrected taking into account the charge-misidentification errors. Data have also been grouped in five bins of the ''vertical surface energy'' E{sub {mu}} cos {theta}. A fit to a simplified model of muon production in the atmosphere allowed the determination of the pion and kaon charge ratios weighted by the cosmic ray energy spectrum. (orig.)

  2. "A Planet Where the Muses Work Together": Opera Training as a Vehicle for Interdisciplinary Engagement in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Hamilton

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is positioned within the context of the current recommendations for increased interdisciplinary and collaborative engagement in curriculum development (Department of Education and Skills, 2011, p.35. Supported also by recommendations for professional arts practitioners to be multi-skilled, circulated in such publications as the European Association of Conservatoires reports (AEC, 2003, Trinity Guildhall's The Reflective Conservatoire (Odam & Bannan, 2005 and Collaborative Learning in Higher Education (Gaunt & Westerlund, 2013, this study is proposing that there are significant educational benefits from the implementation of and participation in opera-based activities. These possible benefits are discussed along with an overview of the range of skills and requirements which a career in opera is likely to demand. The paper includes as case-history a recent example of this collaborative approach - The Paris Collection, a large-scale opera project which was performed in January 2014 at the National Concert Hall in Dublin by students from Dublin Institute of Technology Conservatory of Music and Drama and designed by students from Dublin College of Creative Arts. The production was named thus because the two operas featured, Lehar's The Merry Widow and Puccini's La Bohème are both set in Paris. The project was implemented through the undergraduate and postgraduate modular frameworks in each college and involved the engagement of over 160 students. The production, which was positively received and subsequently won the Institute for Designers in Ireland Highly Commended Award in the Education category, was deemed to be a success; an appraisal which was expressed not only in the positive response to the performance, but also through feed-back and evaluation from staff and students in various formal and informal de-briefing sessions. However, in the process of preparation and rehearsal, the enterprise also presented significant challenges and

  3. The"chemical reaction"in the opera%歌剧中的“化学反应”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查颖

    2014-01-01

    Opera is the comprehensive art music, including drama(script and performance), literature (poetry), dance (folk dancing and ballet), the stage art, the art of singing on the form.One of the music including vocal and instrumental music, it is an important part of the opera.As if the script is the core of the supporting opera, music is the soul of opera.When the two parts fit reaches the highest, will be able to get the best works of artistic beauty. So how to the characteristics of the organic combination of both will become a problem worth exploring.To explain the mechanism in this paper, the author wil discuss the characteristics of the opera to better fit the two parts.%歌剧是音乐、戏剧(剧本与表演)、文学(诗歌)、舞蹈(民间舞和芭蕾)、舞台美术等融为一体的综合性艺术,是以歌唱为主的艺术形式。其中的音乐包括声乐和器乐,它是歌剧的重要组成部分。如果说剧本是支撑歌剧的核心,那么音乐就是贯穿歌剧的灵魂。当这两个部分的契合度达到最高时,作品的艺术美感将能得到最佳的体现。那么怎样将这两者的特点有机的结合,就成为一个值得我们探究的问题。拙文中笔者将就歌剧的特点来说明如何将这两部分更好的契合。

  4. 二十世纪以来李开先曲学研究述评%A Review on Li Kaixian's Opera Studies Since 20th Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恒

    2011-01-01

    李开先是明代中期重要的戏曲学家,其曲学成果涵盖曲作、曲论、曲选等各个方面,二十世纪以来,学界对其曲学研究呈现出步步发展之势,本文将百年来的研究分成三个阶段,从资料整理、曲作分析、曲论研究等方面对相关研究成果作出综述,总结出有代表性的研究成果,同时找出研究中存在的不足和尚待解决的问题,以期引起学界的关注,共同解决疑案。%Li Kaixian,an important scholar in the mid-Ming Dynasty,studied Chinese opera with academic achievements in aspects like opera composition,opera criticism,and opera collection.Studies on his opera-related contribution have developed quickly since the 20th Century.Dividing these studies in the hundred years into three stages,this paper makes a review on relative research achievements in terms of material collection,opera analysis,and his opera criticism,resulting in representative research fruit in this field,as well as problems yet to resolve to arrest the attention in the academic circle.

  5. 对中国戏曲的审美特性分析--以戏曲《牡丹亭》为例%Theaes the ticcharacteristics Thinking of the Chinese Opera-Opera "The Peony Pavilion"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海生; 周丽

    2014-01-01

    Chinese Opera Art as a wonderful work of art of the China Art Gallery, from the initial Murano opera to join the army of the Sui and Tang dynasties play, Verse and drama in the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the Ming and Qing legendary formed a lyrical drama and dance Theatre system. Chinese Opera in the sense of space and Implication of the world, forming a unique Chinese aesthetic distinguishing feature of aesthetic paradigm. Wang Guowei""meta-drama article said:"However, Yuan drama, not thinking of structure, and in his article. Wonderful article, also a word, saying:mood just carry on. why is that the mood? said:write love refreshing scenery in the eyes and ears, the above incident as they mouth also. Kunqu Opera"Peony Pavilion"as the legendary Ming Dynasty culmination of the performance of the Chinese Opera aesthetics into an unprecedented height, it Nong the Liya consistent literary flavor, refined profound scholar feelings, care and survival and ideal reality emerged pursuit For thousands of years of Chinese opera aesthetic ideal of the feudal social ethics complaints and the relentless pursuit of the social ideal, the ideal of love.%中国戏曲艺术作为中华艺苑的一朵艺术奇葩,从最初的村野小戏到隋唐时期的参军戏、宋元时期的散曲和杂剧、明清传奇形成了以歌舞演故事的抒情诗剧体系。中国戏曲中的空间意识和意蕴世界,形成了独具中国美学特色的审美范式。王国维在《元剧之文章》中说:“然元剧最佳之处,不在其思想结构,而在其文章。其文章之妙,亦一言以蔽之,曰:有意境而已矣。何以谓之有意境?曰:写情则沁人心脾,写景则在人耳目,述事则如其口出是也”。昆曲《牡丹亭》作为明代传奇的顶峰之作,对中国戏曲美学表现进入了一种前所未有的高度,它秾丽雅致的文学气息、蕴藉深厚的文人情怀、关怀生存和理想的现实追求都呈现出千百年来

  6. Telenovelas e interpretações do Brasil Soap operas and interpretations of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Hamburger

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo dos últimos quarenta anos, as telenovelas - seriados comerciais exibidos seis vezes por semana em horário nobre, feitos para um público imaginado como feminino, mas assistidos por um público composto, em sua fase mais popular, em 40% por homens - se tornaram espaço privilegiado de interpretação do Brasil. Uma complexa rede de relações envolve a agenda militar autoritária nacionalista e desenvolvimentista; a agenda de anunciantes, homens da indústria e do comércio; e o talento de escritores, atores e diretores de esquerda (também nacional e desenvolvimentista com repertório e conhecimento de cinema e teatro. Feita ao mesmo tempo em que vai ao ar, a novela captou e expressou ao menos três interpretações de um país que se transformou rápida e estruturalmente. As principais convenções estéticas do gênero alimentaram emissoras rivais a propor três interpretações do país. Em sintonia com o Brasil que se quer do futuro, as novelas da Rede Globo, a partir de 1969, registraram os dramas da urbanização, das diferenças sociais, da fragmentação da família, da liberalização das relações conjugais e dos padrões de consumo. Atingem seu ápice quando abordam as consequências não planejadas da modernização. Em 1990, a Manchete propôs a reinterpretação do país centrada na paisagem exótica do Pantanal, no "coração do Brasil". Em 2006, a Record apresenta o cenário da favela e a ameaça do tráfico.Over the last forty years, soap operas - primetime series exhibited six times a week, targeting an imagined predominately female audience, but watched, in their most popular phase by a 40% male audience - have become a privileged niche for the interplay of interpretations of Brazil. A complex web of relationships involves the authoritarian military agenda (1964-1984; advertisers agenda; and left-wing screenwriters, actors and directors coming from cinema and theater. Filmed as they go on air, soap operas captured

  7. Circulating cardiac biomarkers and postoperative atrial fibrillation in the OPERA trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masson, Serge; Wu, Jason H Y; Simon, Caterina; Barlera, Simona; Marchioli, Roberto; Mariani, Javier; Macchia, Alejandro; Lombardi, Federico; Vago, Tarcisio; Aleksova, Aneta; Dreas, Lorella; Favaloro, Roberto R; Hershson, Alejandro R; Puskas, John D; Dozza, Luca; Silletta, Maria G; Tognoni, Gianni; Mozaffarian, Dariush; Latini, Roberto

    2015-02-01

    Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery and predicts increased morbidity and mortality. Identification of patients at high risk of POAF with the help of circulating biomarkers may enable early preventive treatment but data are limited, especially in contemporary surgical patients. Plasma concentrations of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) were measured at enrollment, on the morning of cardiac surgery, at end surgery, and 2 days postsurgery in 562 patients undergoing cardiac surgery, randomized to perioperative supplementation with oral fish oil or placebo in the Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Prevention of Post-Operative Atrial Fibrillation trial (OPERA). The primary endpoint was incident POAF lasting ≥ 30 s, centrally adjudicated and confirmed electrocardiographically. Higher levels of NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT before surgery were associated with older age, renal or cardiac dysfunction and EuroSCORE. NT-proBNP peaked on postoperative day 2 (2172 [1238-3758] ng/L, median [Q1-Q3]), while hs-cTnT peaked at the end of surgery (373 [188-660] ng/L). Fish oil supplementation did not alter the time course of the cardiac biomarkers (P > 0.05). Concentrations of NT-proBNP or hs-cTnT, on the morning of surgery, or changes in their level between morning of surgery and postsurgery, were not significantly associated with POAF after adjustment for clinical and surgical characteristics. Among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT are related to clinical and surgical characteristics, have different perioperative time courses but are not independently associated with risk of POAF. © 2014 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.

  8. Fatores de risco em operações valvares: análise de 412 casos

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    Ronaldo Machado BUENO

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias é muito freqüente e sua mortalidade ainda não se aproxima de zero. Neste estudo, procuramos identificar diversos fatores que poderiam aumentar o risco cirúrgico nestes procedimentos. Para isso, foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, 412 operações valvares realizadas no período de janeiro de 1994 a dezembro de 1995. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 48,3 anos, com predomínio do sexo feminino (59,3%. Consistiam em reoperação 154 (37,4% casos e 24 (5,8% pacientes necessitaram revascularização miocárdica (RM associada. As valvas acometidas foram: mitral isolada (55,1%, aórtica isolada (27,2%, mitral e aórtica (11,4%, mitral e tricúspide (4,4%, tricúspide (0,7%, mitral aórtica e tricúspide (1,2%. A mortalidade hospitalar geral foi de 8,3%. Apresentaram-se como fatores de risco, relacionados à maior mortalidade, os seguintes: idade superior a 60 anos, presença de fibrilação atrial (FA no pré-operatório, necessidade de troca valvar (impossibilidade de preservação, classe funcional IV da NYHA no pré-operatório, redução da função ventricular (FE menor que 0,50, tempo de anôxia miocárdica superior a 75 minutos e tempo de circulação extracorpórea (CEC superior a 120 minutos. Pacientes submetidos a reoperação valvar e aqueles com RM associada apresentaram mortalidade mais elevada (11,7% e 20,8%, respectivamente, mas sem significância estatística. Por outro lado, a valva acometida, sexo, tipo de prótese utilizada nas trocas valvares (biológica ou metálica, número de operações valvares realizadas previamente (nas reoperações, intervalo de tempo entre a última operação e a atual (nas reoperações, e também nas reoperações o fato de ter sido submetido à troca valvar ou cirurgia conservadora previamente não alteram a mortalidade. Indicação cirúrgica precisa e no momento adequado, controle de arritmias pré-operatórias, novos medicamentos para controle da

  9. Auditory stimulation of opera music induced prolongation of murine cardiac allograft survival and maintained generation of regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, Masateru; Jin, Xiangyuan; Zhang, Qi; Hirai, Toshihito; Amano, Atsushi; Bashuda, Hisashi; Niimi, Masanori

    2012-03-23

    Interactions between the immune response and brain functions such as olfactory, auditory, and visual sensations are likely. This study investigated the effect of sounds on alloimmune responses in a murine model of cardiac allograft transplantation. Naïve CBA mice (H2k) underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (B6, H2b) heart and were exposed to one of three types of music--opera (La Traviata), classical (Mozart), and New Age (Enya)--or one of six different single sound frequencies, for 7 days. Additionally, we prepared two groups of CBA recipients with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera for 7 days and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment). An adoptive transfer study was performed to determine whether regulatory cells were generated in allograft recipients. Immunohistochemical, cell-proliferation, cytokine, and flow cytometry assessments were also performed. CBA recipients of a B6 cardiac graft that were exposed to opera music and Mozart had significantly prolonged allograft survival (median survival times [MSTs], 26.5 and 20 days, respectively), whereas those exposed to a single sound frequency (100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000, or 20,000 Hz) or Enya did not (MSTs, 7.5, 8, 9, 8, 7.5, 8.5 and 11 days, respectively). Untreated, CBA mice with tympanic membrane perforations and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment) rejected B6 cardiac grafts acutely (MSTs, 7, 8 and 8 days, respectively). Adoptive transfer of whole splenocytes, CD4+ cells, or CD4+CD25+ cells from opera-exposed primary allograft recipients resulted in significantly prolonged allograft survival in naive secondary recipients (MSTs, 36, 68, and > 100 days, respectively). Proliferation of splenocytes, interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-γ production was suppressed in opera-exposed mice, and production of IL-4 and IL-10 from opera-exposed transplant recipients increased compared to that from splenocytes of

  10. Auditory stimulation of opera music induced prolongation of murine cardiac allograft survival and maintained generation of regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uchiyama Masateru

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interactions between the immune response and brain functions such as olfactory, auditory, and visual sensations are likely. This study investigated the effect of sounds on alloimmune responses in a murine model of cardiac allograft transplantation. Methods Naïve CBA mice (H2k underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (B6, H2b heart and were exposed to one of three types of music--opera (La Traviata, classical (Mozart, and New Age (Enya--or one of six different single sound frequencies, for 7 days. Additionally, we prepared two groups of CBA recipients with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera for 7 days and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment. An adoptive transfer study was performed to determine whether regulatory cells were generated in allograft recipients. Immunohistochemical, cell-proliferation, cytokine, and flow cytometry assessments were also performed. Results CBA recipients of a B6 cardiac graft that were exposed to opera music and Mozart had significantly prolonged allograft survival (median survival times [MSTs], 26.5 and 20 days, respectively, whereas those exposed to a single sound frequency (100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000, or 20,000 Hz or Enya did not (MSTs, 7.5, 8, 9, 8, 7.5, 8.5 and 11 days, respectively. Untreated, CBA mice with tympanic membrane perforations and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment rejected B6 cardiac grafts acutely (MSTs, 7, 8 and 8 days, respectively. Adoptive transfer of whole splenocytes, CD4+ cells, or CD4+CD25+ cells from opera-exposed primary allograft recipients resulted in significantly prolonged allograft survival in naive secondary recipients (MSTs, 36, 68, and > 100 days, respectively. Proliferation of splenocytes, interleukin (IL-2 and interferon (IFN-γ production was suppressed in opera-exposed mice, and production of IL-4 and IL-10 from opera-exposed transplant recipients increased

  11. Development of an automatic scanning system for nuclear emulsion analysis in the OPERA experiment and study of neutrino interactions location; Developpement d'un systeme ultra rapide pour le scan des emulsions nucleaires d'OPERA et etude sur la localistion des vertex de l'interaction des neutrinos a l'aide de ce systeme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arrabito, L

    2007-10-15

    Following Super Kamiokande and K2K experiments, Opera (Oscillation Project with Emulsion tracking Apparatus), aims to confirm neutrino oscillation in the atmospheric sector. Taking advantage of a technique already employed in Chorus and in Donut, the Emulsion Cloud Chamber (ECC), Opera will be able to observe the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillation, through the {nu}{sub {tau}} appearance in a pure {nu}{sub {mu}} beam. The Opera experiment, with its {approx} 100000 m{sup 2} of nuclear emulsions, needs a very fast automatic scanning system. Optical and mechanics components have been customized in order to achieve a speed of about 20 cm{sup 2}/hour per emulsion layer (44 {mu}m thick), while keeping a sub-micro-metric resolution. The first part of this thesis was dedicated to the optimization of 4 scanning systems at the French scanning station, based in Lyon. An experimental study on a dry objective scanning system has also been realized. The obtained results show that the performances of dry scanning are similar with respect to the traditional oil scanning, so that it can be successfully used for Opera. The second part of this work was devoted to the study of the neutrino interaction location and reconstruction strategy actually used in Opera. A dedicated test beam was performed at CERN in order to simulate Opera conditions. The obtained results definitely confirm that the proposed strategy is well adapted for tau search. (author)

  12. Programação de operações em sistemas com tempo de processamento variável

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    José Manuel Valério de Carvalho

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analisa-se um problema de planeamento de operações com tempos de processamento variável. Em particular, este projecto está relacionado com o planeamento de operações de carga de camiões em armazéns automáticos. As operações podem ser vistas como tarefas executadas em paralelo, com tempos de disponibilidade (data de chegada dos camiões e datas de entrega (data de cut off. Os tempos de processamento das tarefas são variáveis e dependem do número de tarefas a serem processadas simultaneamente; para garantir a taxa de expedição nominal de funcionamento do armazém, é necessário impor um número mínimo de tarefas em execução simultânea. Apresenta-se um procedimento baseado em programação dinâmica com os tempos de expedição dos camiões ordenados pela regra EDD. A eficiência do algoritmo é também discutida.In this work a scheduling operation problem with variable processing times is analysed. In particular this project is concerned with the scheduling of the truck load operations in an automatic warehouse. The truck load operations can be assumed as processing tasks in parallel, with ready times (availability of the trucks and due dates (trip cut off time. Processing time is variable and depends upon the number of tasks simultaneously in progress; a minimum number of simultaneous tasks is imposed to guarantee the nominal rate of expedition of the warehouse. A procedure based on Dynamic Programming with truck expedition times ordered by EDD rule is presented. The algorithm efficiency is also discussed.

  13. Whole home exercise intervention for depression in older care home residents (the OPERA study): a process evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellard, David R; Thorogood, Margaret; Underwood, Martin; Seale, Clive; Taylor, Stephanie J C

    2014-01-03

    The 'Older People's Exercise intervention in Residential and nursing Accommodation' (OPERA) cluster randomised trial evaluated the impact of training for care home staff together with twice-weekly, physiotherapist-led exercise classes on depressive symptoms in care home residents, but found no effect. We report a process evaluation exploring potential explanations for the lack of effect. The OPERA trial included over 1,000 residents in 78 care homes in the UK. We used a mixed methods approach including quantitative data collected from all homes. In eight case study homes, we carried out repeated periods of observation and interviews with residents, care staff and managers. At the end of the intervention, we held focus groups with OPERA research staff. We reported our first findings before the trial outcome was known. Homes showed large variations in activity at baseline and throughout the trial. Overall attendance rate at the group exercise sessions was low (50%). We considered two issues that might explain the negative outcome: whether the intervention changed the culture of the homes, and whether the residents engaged with the intervention. We found low levels of staff training, few home champions for the intervention and a culture that prioritised protecting residents from harm over encouraging activity. The trial team delivered 3,191 exercise groups but only 36% of participants attended at least 1 group per week and depressed residents attended significantly fewer groups than those who were not depressed. Residents were very frail and therefore most groups only included seated exercises. The intervention did not change the culture of the homes and, in the case study homes, activity levels did not change outside the exercise groups. Residents did not engage in the exercise groups at a sufficient level, and this was particularly true for those with depressive symptoms at baseline. The physical and mental frailty of care home residents may make it impossible to

  14. Programação de operações com restrições disjuntivas Scheduling with disjunctive constraints

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    Adriana Backx Noronha

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available O problema de programação de operações em um sistema de produção consiste em determinar a seqüência e o calendário de operações a processar em cada uma das máquinas disponíveis na fábrica, de modo que a duração total de execução da programação seja mínima. As peças são processadas de acordo com roteiros de fabricação fixos e as durações operatórias são conhecidas. Neste artigo, o problema da programação de operações com restrições disjuntivas é estudado mediante duas abordagens: programação inteira e teoria dos grafos. Um programa computacional baseado na teoria dos grafos foi desenvolvido e testado. Esse programa permitiu a resolução eficiente de vários exemplos, apesar do caráter não-polinomial do problema estudado.The job shop scheduling problem consists of determining a sequence of jobs to be processed on each of the available machines such that the schedule time is minimized. The parts are processed in accordance with a prespecified technological ordering and the required processing times of the operations pertaining to each job are known. In this paper we study the job shop scheduling problem in two ways, namely, integer programming and graph theory. A computational program based on graph theory was developed and tested. This program allows us to solve efficiently several examples, despite the non-polynomial nature of the problem studied.

  15. El suicidio en La opera flotante de John Barth: contraste entre las miradas del Apocalipsis y el existencialismo

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    Jorge

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available La opera flotante de John Barth tiene varias puertas de acceso para el análisis. Una de ellas nos lleva a indagar sobre el tema que circunda la obra: el suicidio. Para ello, en el presente trabajo vamos a contrastar las posibles características apocalípticas del personaje principal, Todd Andrews, con determinados postulados de la filosofía existencialista de Jean Paul Sartre. La propuesta estará centrada en revisar puntos de divergencia y de afinidad en ambas cosmovisiones.

  16. Educare educando all'opera: socialità e individualità nella 'Fanciulla del West' di Puccini

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    Andrea Chegai

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In svariate occasioni i musicologi hanno posto l’accento sull’efficacia educativa dell’opera per lo sviluppo della dimensione sentimentale di soggetti a diversi livelli scolari. Insegnare a cogliere la valenza drammatica di una scena o di un’aria e delle passioni che la animano tramite i contenuti del testo verbale e l’assetto musicale stabilito dal compositore è un ottimo viatico per educare all’ascolto della musica cogliendo le opportunità che essa offre a livello di formazione generale. A questo aspetto potrebbe essere utilmente affiancata la componente interrelazionale che costituisce la sostanza di cui si approvvigiona il teatro musicale di ogni epoca e tradizione. In quanto dramma, l’opera in musica inscena vicende fondate su relazioni interpersonali molteplici; sodalizi e dissidi, legami familiari e amorosi, passioni apparenti o tacite, aspirazioni legittime o illecite e ostacoli che si frappongono al loro conseguimento, socialità o viceversa solitudini ed isolamento. A ognuna di queste condizioni è nella finzione drammatica garantito diritto di esistenza. Persino la crudeltà o l’inganno possono mostrarsi seducenti, in un duetto, ma un ascolto competente riesce a darne conto e a smascherarli. La solitudine di un monologo procura all’opera di ogni tempo esiti musicalmente ragguardevoli, e anche in questo caso se ne può trarre un utile in termini di educazione affettiva (non c’è niente di sbagliato nel sentirsi soli e diversi dagli altri: è uno stato che serve alla crescita e può persino generare bellezza. Buoni e cattivi si confrontano, e come nella vita reale capita che tanto gli uni quanto gli altri possano avere la meglio: l’intreccio del dramma aiuterà a comprendere cosa eventualmente è andato storto; e come nella vita reale capita anche che buoni e cattivi si confondano fra loro. L’opera, contraddistinta dalla presentificazione specifica dei generi performativi, e anche per questo di forte presa

  17. On the Aesthetic Charm of Guzheng Solo Appeal of Peking Opera%论筝曲《戏韵》的审美意趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘方

    2012-01-01

    文章主要从审美的角度,通过戏味与京韵、写意与造境两方面,以古筝独奏曲《戏韵》的结构和各段落的表现手法,论述了乐曲所具有的审美意趣。同时,阐述了音乐与其他门类艺术之间在创作手法、表现形式、欣赏规律等方面所具有的共性。%This paper analyzes Guzheng Solo Appeal of Peking Opera from the perspectives of the opera charm and Peking rhyme,freehand expression and moods setting to illustrate the aesthetic charm the opera conveys.It also elaborates the commonality shared by music and other arts in creation,expression and appreciation.

  18. Plasma phospholipid omega-3 fatty acids and incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation in the OPERA trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jason H Y; Marchioli, Roberto; Silletta, Maria G; Macchia, Alejandro; Song, Xiaoling; Siscovick, David S; Harris, William S; Masson, Serge; Latini, Roberto; Albert, Christine; Brown, Nancy J; Lamarra, Mauro; Favaloro, Roberto R; Mozaffarian, Dariush

    2013-10-21

    Long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) demonstrated antiarrhythmic potential in experimental studies. In a large multinational randomized trial (OPERA), perioperative fish oil supplementation did not reduce the risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (PoAF) in cardiac surgery patients. However, whether presupplementation habitual plasma phospholipid n-3 PUFA, or achieved or change in n-3 PUFA level postsupplementation are associated with lower risk of PoAF is unknown. In 564 subjects undergoing cardiac surgery between August 2010 and June 2012 in 28 centers across 3 countries, plasma phospholipid levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were measured at enrollment and again on the morning of cardiac surgery following fish oil or placebo supplementation (10 g over 3 to 5 days, or 8 g over 2 days). The primary endpoint was incident PoAF lasting ≥ 30 seconds, centrally adjudicated, and confirmed by rhythm strip or ECG. Secondary endpoints included sustained (≥ 1 hour), symptomatic, or treated PoAF; the time to first PoAF; and the number of PoAF episodes per patient. PoAF outcomes were assessed until hospital discharge or postoperative day 10, whichever occurred first. Relative to the baseline, fish oil supplementation increased phospholipid concentrations of EPA (+142%), DPA (+13%), and DHA (+22%) (P < 0.001 each). Substantial interindividual variability was observed for change in total n-3 PUFA (range = -0.7% to 7.5% after 5 days of supplementation). Neither individual nor total circulating n-3 PUFA levels at enrollment, morning of surgery, or change between these time points were associated with risk of PoAF. The multivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI) across increasing quartiles of total n-3 PUFA at enrollment were 1.0, 1.06 (0.60 to 1.90), 1.35 (0.76 to 2.38), and 1.19 (0.64 to 2.20); and for changes in n-3 PUFA between enrollment and the morning of surgery were 1.0, 0.78 (0.44 to 1

  19. Sistemas de Gestão Ambiental na Operação dos Empreendimentos Hoteleiros

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    José Maria Bernardelli Junior

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O turismo é um dos mais importantes segmentos econômicos no Brasil. Os hotéis são prestadores de serviços turísticos que causam significativos impactos ambientais, modificando os espaços socioambientais. O presente artigo, oriundo de pesquisa qualitativa, com característica exploratória e descritiva, tem como objetivo principal identificar, por meio de pesquisa bibliográfica e das iniciativas de mercado, se os operadores hoteleiros brasileiros vêm adotando práticas de gestão ambiental em seus negócios, bem como sistemas de gestão ambiental certificáveis. A pesquisa tenciona ainda destacar os principais benefícios que os programas de Gestão Ambiental oferecem à operação hoteleira no país. Conclui-se que nos empreendimentos hoteleiros brasileiros há pouca adesão a programas de Gestão Ambiental e dentre seus gestores poucos têm a questão ambiental como oportunidade de mercado ou como um elemento obrigatório nas agendas administrativa e operacional, na promoção da longevidade e sucesso da organização.Environmental Management Systems in Hotel Operation - The tourism is one of the most important economic sectors in the country. Hotels are providers of tourist services that cause significant impacts modifying the social and environmental areas. This qualitative research based on exploratory and descriptive methods aims at identifying by market initiatives and literature review, if the Brazilian hotel operators are adopting environmental management practices in their business even as certified environmental management systems. The research also aims at highlighting some benefits arising from environmental management programs to the hotel operation in Brazil. We conclude that environmental management programs are not widespread in Brazilian hotel sector. Only some hotel managers are awake for environmental issue as a market opportunity or a mandatory factor in the administrative and operational schedules for ensuring

  20. Of Lady-killers and ‘Men Dressed As Women’: Soap Opera, Scapegoats and the Mexico City Police Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vek Lewis

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Over two days in October 2005, police in Mexico City conducted a series of raids on male-to-female transgender (travesti prostitutes working in the streets. The motive of the investigation was not related to sex work at all, but rather, the hunt for a serial killer responsible for the deaths of elderly women between 2003 and 2005. With few leads apart from reports by a couple of eyewitnesses that they had seen ‘a man dressed as a woman’ enter the houses of the victims, the Chief Public Prosecutor announced that the killer could be a travesti. On January 25, 2006, the ‘lady-killer’ was finally discovered to be neither a ‘man dressed as a woman’, nor a travesti. The suspect, a female former lucha libre wrestler, Juana Barraza, was taken into custody. In the period leading up to the October raids, Mexico’s chief television channel, Televisa, finished up the season of its popular soap, La Madrastra, with a plot line that features a man who dresses as a woman to disguise his usual male identity and kill his female victims. This paper examines the case, looking at the influence of the soap opera narrative in the profiling of travestis as suspect ‘men dressed as women’. It draws on studies of soap opera and mass media forms in Mexican society, as well as the work of transgender theory in understanding how crossgender identities are circumscribed by discourse.

  1. 论戏曲教师的艺术修养%On Artistic Accomplishment of Traditional Opera Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐红梅

    2011-01-01

    艺术修养是指一个人的艺术知识和技能的状况和水平。戏曲教师必须精通所属行当的专业知识和技能,掌握中国戏曲发展史和戏曲理论知识,还要了解其它门类的艺术,以达到触类旁通,最终提高艺术修养。戏曲教师只有具备了良好的艺术修养,才能教育出优秀的学生。%Artistic accomplishment is the situation and level of a person' s artistic knowledge and skills. Chinese opera teachers must be proficient in the expertise and skills of the major, and master the developing history and theory of Chinese opera. They should also understand other art forms, so as to achieve the analogy, and ultimately improve the art accomplishment. Only when they have a good artistic accomplishment, can they educate outstanding students.

  2. A staged model of communication effects: evidence from an entertainment-education radio soap opera in Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, P W; Rogers, E M

    2000-01-01

    The authors draw on (1) the hierarchy-of-effects (HOE) model, (2) the stages-of-change (SOC) model, (3) social learning theory (SLT), and (4) the diffusion of innovations (DOI) to synthesize a staged model through which communication messages have effects on individual behavior change by stimulating (1) involvement with media characters and role modeling of their actions, and (2) interpersonal communication. Data from a field experiment in Tanzania on the effects of an entertainment-education radio soap opera, Twende na Wakati (Let's Go With the Times), on the adoption of family planning, are analyzed in light of a six-staged model of communication effects. It is found that (1) the model provides a useful framework for understanding the effects of an entertainment-education program, and (2) the radio soap opera promoted progress through the stages for family planning adoption in the treatment area in three of the four years of broadcast, and in the comparison area after broadcasts of the radio program began there.

  3. The "Comic Characteristics" of the Music of a Tea-picking Opera Taking the Music of a Northern Guangdong Traditional Tea-picking Opera as a%论采茶戏音乐中的“喜剧性”——以粤北传统采茶戏音乐为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙家国

    2012-01-01

    The comic nature is the traditional characteristics of a Chinese opera. This teature, especially in a number of regional folk dramas is particularly prominent. As a kind of southem China opera, the tradi- tional northern Guangdong tea-picking opera is only a single member of the large tea-picking opera family, yet its light and lively comedy-drama style has long entertained and amused the Hakka people in northern Guangdong who suffered the pain of displacement and relocation, cultivated their open minded personality. The mutual cooperation of a variety of opera elements results in the comic characteristics. Music as a major element of opera, plays an important role in a northem Guangdong tea-picking opera. Though as a limited form of expression and medium, music brings endless joy to the audience, and carries the Hakka culture on and on.%喜剧性是中国戏曲的传统特色,这一特色在众多民间小戏中尤为突出。作为南方小戏的粤北传统采荼戏以其轻快活泼的喜剧戏曲风格,娱乐了饱受颠沛流离之苦的粤北客家人,培育了粤北客家人开放豁达的性格。戏曲喜剧性的构成是多种戏曲构成元素相互协作的结果,音乐作为戏曲构成的主要元素,在粤北采茶戏中发挥着重要作用,它通过有限的表达方式向观众传达无限的喜悦,用有限的篇幅承载着无限的客家文化精神。

  4. «DAL LABBRO IL CANTO ESTASÏATO VOLA»: RIFLESSIONI LINGUISTICHE E GLOTTODIDATTICHE SULL’ITALIANO DELL’OPERA LIRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uberto Minghi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Il presente lavoro approfondisce, nelle sue pagine iniziali, il tema dell’italiano dei libretti d’opera inteso come vera e propria varietà linguistica e «ipercordice» del quale vengono esaminati in forma sintetica i tratti caratterizzanti di natura lessicale e morfosintattica. Ci si sofferma soprattutto su forme e stilemi più ricorrenti che costituiscono, in un certo qual modo, le peculiarità più riconoscibili della lingua del melodramma: arcaismi, aulicismi, alterazioni dell’ordine delle parole e delle frasi, adattamenti alla forma metrica mediante ellissi e pleonasmi etc. Si passa, poi, a descrivere la natura del cantante d’opera intesa come tipologia di apprendente, in termini di bisogni linguistici, motivazioni, attitudini e predisposizione all’apprendimento. Vengono poi presi in considerazione alcuni aspetti più propriamente glottodidattici, attraverso una breve carrellata di strumenti e tecniche atte a sviluppare le competenze e le abilità più richieste a chi si approccia al melodramma italiano in ambito formativo o professionale: ascolto (di interpretazioni e passaggi celebri delle opere trattate; lettura (comprensione intensiva; produzione orale: (competenza fonologica ed espressiva; recitazione; produzione scritta (parafrasi del testo, traduzione intralinguistica. Nelle pagine conclusive, infine, si forniscono alcune indicazioni in merito ai contenuti professionali dell’insegnante di italiano per cantanti d’opera in termini di coaching linguistico e alle potenzialità del melodramma – della sua lingua, delle sue ««storie» e dei suoi personaggi – come straordinario veicolo (ancora non pienamente sfruttato di promozione della cultura italiana nel mondo.«Dal labbro il canto estasïato vola»: linguistic and language teaching reflections on Italian operaThis paper initially focuses on the theme of Italian opera librettos understood as real linguistic typology and “hyper-code” whose characteristic lexical

  5. Plasma Phospholipid Omega‐3 Fatty Acids and Incidence of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation in the OPERA Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jason H. Y.; Marchioli, Roberto; Silletta, Maria G.; Macchia, Alejandro; Song, Xiaoling; Siscovick, David S.; Harris, William S.; Masson, Serge; Latini, Roberto; Albert, Christine; Brown, Nancy J.; Lamarra, Mauro; Favaloro, Roberto R.; Mozaffarian, Dariush

    2013-01-01

    Background Long‐chain polyunsaturated omega‐3 fatty acids (n‐3 PUFA) demonstrated antiarrhythmic potential in experimental studies. In a large multinational randomized trial (OPERA), perioperative fish oil supplementation did not reduce the risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (PoAF) in cardiac surgery patients. However, whether presupplementation habitual plasma phospholipid n‐3 PUFA, or achieved or change in n‐3 PUFA level postsupplementation are associated with lower risk of PoAF is unknown. Methods and Results In 564 subjects undergoing cardiac surgery between August 2010 and June 2012 in 28 centers across 3 countries, plasma phospholipid levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were measured at enrollment and again on the morning of cardiac surgery following fish oil or placebo supplementation (10 g over 3 to 5 days, or 8 g over 2 days). The primary endpoint was incident PoAF lasting ≥30 seconds, centrally adjudicated, and confirmed by rhythm strip or ECG. Secondary endpoints included sustained (≥1 hour), symptomatic, or treated PoAF; the time to first PoAF; and the number of PoAF episodes per patient. PoAF outcomes were assessed until hospital discharge or postoperative day 10, whichever occurred first. Relative to the baseline, fish oil supplementation increased phospholipid concentrations of EPA (+142%), DPA (+13%), and DHA (+22%) (P<0.001 each). Substantial interindividual variability was observed for change in total n‐3 PUFA (range=−0.7% to 7.5% after 5 days of supplementation). Neither individual nor total circulating n‐3 PUFA levels at enrollment, morning of surgery, or change between these time points were associated with risk of PoAF. The multivariable‐adjusted OR (95% CI) across increasing quartiles of total n‐3 PUFA at enrollment were 1.0, 1.06 (0.60 to 1.90), 1.35 (0.76 to 2.38), and 1.19 (0.64 to 2.20); and for changes in n‐3 PUFA between enrollment and the

  6. 'Le bon public de La Haye': local governance and the audience in the French opera in The Hague, 1820-1890

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Furnée, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    In nineteenth-century The Hague, the French opera performances in the Royal Theatre were the most important occasions during the winter season at which men and women from almost all social ranks experienced a strong sense of social cohesion in a common leisure pursuit, albeit one in which social hie

  7. The Costume Design and Production of Opera Nabucco Produced by NCPA%歌剧《纳布科》的服装设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁芳国

    2013-01-01

    The paper introduced the costume design and production of opera Nabucco produced by National Centre for the Performing Arts.%介绍国家大剧院制作的歌剧《纳布科》的服装设计与实现。

  8. Culture Function and Ecology Form of Minnan Opera Inheritance%闽南戏曲传承的文化功能与生态形式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏

    2012-01-01

    Minnan opera has three basic functions of culture: entertainment, communication and education. The core of culture function deeply rooted in the soil, space and ecological environment of folk culture. At the time of Minnan opera of atrophy and regression, the article explores ecological survival form of Minnan opera from Quanzhou, re-examines native foundation of Minnan opera survival and inheritance,and manages to find out an inheritance road with the advancement of time.%闽南戏曲有三种基本文化功能:娱乐、交际和教育。其文化功能的内核,扎根于民间的文化土壤、文化空间和文化生态环境。在闽南戏曲呈现出萎缩与消退态势之际,从泉州地区着眼,探究闽南戏曲生存的生态形式,重新审视闽南戏曲生存与传承的原生性根基,力求寻找一条与时俱进的传承之道。

  9. The Museum Display Under the Background of Opera Art Inheritance%戏曲艺术传承背景下的博物馆展示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林

    2014-01-01

    This paper put forward an extension of exhibition design in opera museums, which is based on the perspective of opera art inheritance.Try to promote the long-term mechanism of interaction and communication between museum and the public.In order to enrich cultural connotation of the dynamic attributes of exhibition in opera museums,this paper wil make efforts from the fol owing aspects: display strategy,display evaluation system, spaces, modern ethics, opera performances, expanding creative content, establish virtual museums, etc.%本文以传承视角提出戏曲博物馆展示设计的延伸,促进与公众互动交流的长效机制。展示策略延伸从展示评估体系、空间场所、现代性伦理观、戏曲表演、拓展创意内容、建立虚拟博物馆等多方面,赋予戏曲博物馆动态博览属性以更加饱满和丰富的文化内涵。

  10. Muusikamaailm : Dresdeni festival pühendub Hispaaniale. Händeli festival Göttingenis. Siemensi preemia Arditti kvartetile. Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Euroopas. Haydni festival Inglismaal / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    21.05-6.06 toimuvast Dresdeni muusikafestivalist. Händelipidustuste tippsündmuseks on helilooja harvaesitatava ooperi "Arianna in Creta" ettekanne. Ernst von Siemensi Fondi tänavuse preemia pälvis Arditti Quartet. Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Euroopa-ringreisist. 7.juunini kestvatest Haydni pidustustest Shropshire"is

  11. “你把娄阿鼠演活了”--记昆剧名丑王传淞%On Famous Clown Role of Kunqu Opera Wang Chuansong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施王伟

    2014-01-01

    苏州昆剧传习所培养出来的“传”字辈演员优秀者甚多,王传淞更是其中杰出的一位。“学戏”、“演戏”、“教戏”三个部分内容反映王传淞的艺术人生,缅怀先生对艺术的追求和对表演独到的见解,以激励后学迎头赶上,将昆剧事业发扬光大,也希望对今天的昆剧艺术及戏曲艺术人才培养等有所帮助和启示。%There are many excellent performers in “Chuan” generation from Suzhou Kunqu Opera Training School, among who Wang Chuansong is outstanding. The three stages of“learning” “performing” and“teaching” drama re-flect Wang Chuansong’ s artistic life, pursuit of art and insight into performance. It may motivate descendants to develop the career of kunqu opera and inspire today’ s kunqu opera art as well as the training of talents of traditional Chinese opera.

  12. The Best Ways of Teaching English to Children: Using Children's Operas in Teaching to 5- to 6-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achkasova, Natalya

    2013-01-01

    This article invites teachers to consider how to strengthen links between English, music, arts, and acting, maximizing the potential for children to become successful language learners at a young age. It will show how children's opera can act as a catalyst for learning and using the language. The findings demonstrate that teaching English with a…

  13. Gli anni della cupola. Archivio digitale delle fonti dell'Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore. Edizione di testi con indici analitici e strutturali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Haines

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Illustrazione dei criteri ispiratori e delle caratteristiche strutturali (modalità di indicizzazione, interrogabilità e delle prospettive di sviluppo dell’edizione informatica della documentazione archivistica pertinente l’Opera del Duomo di Firenze per gli anni 1417-1436.

  14. Muusikamaailm : Dresdeni festival pühendub Hispaaniale. Händeli festival Göttingenis. Siemensi preemia Arditti kvartetile. Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Euroopas. Haydni festival Inglismaal / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    21.05-6.06 toimuvast Dresdeni muusikafestivalist. Händelipidustuste tippsündmuseks on helilooja harvaesitatava ooperi "Arianna in Creta" ettekanne. Ernst von Siemensi Fondi tänavuse preemia pälvis Arditti Quartet. Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Euroopa-ringreisist. 7.juunini kestvatest Haydni pidustustest Shropshire"is

  15. Muusikamaailm : "Väike Bayreuth" Berliinis. Metropolitan Opera hooaeg lõppemas. "Millenniumi" teosed Londonis. Viini Filharmoonikute kolmas auliige. Leiti Beethoveni kiri / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Dirigendi algatatud festivalist Berliinis, kus pannakse pearõhk Wagneri ooperite ettekandele. New Yorgi Metropolitan Opera kevadhooaja 1999 viimastest etendustest. Londonis Royal Festival Hallis toimus R.Caustoni teose "Millennium Scenes" maailmaesiettekanne. J.Taveneri teosest "Fall and resurrection". Orkester valis oma kolmandaks auliikmeks A.Brendeli. Baseli ülikool sai enda valdusse Beethoveni kirja Nikolaus Zmeskallile 1816. aastast

  16. An Optimistic View on the Fate of Traditional Chinese Opera%只要正确地改革,戏曲就有希望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱恒夫

    2013-01-01

    The decline of traditional Chinese opera was the result of a rapid social transformation caused by the changes of common values ,morality and aesthetic standards .As the period of social transformation is coming to an end ,excellent cultural traditions will be back and become stronger .The traditional Chi-nese opera ,with the open character ,will be popular among the Chinese people who prefer the collective entertainment .However ,rejuvenating the traditional Chinese opera sometimes means more or less rein-venting it .The key of innovation is to create a new vocal music which has the contemporaneity ,locality and opera features .%戏曲的衰落是社会急遽转型造成人们的价值观、道德观与审美观发生巨大变化而带来的。随着社会转型期的即将结束与民族优秀传统文化主体地位的复归,具有开放品性的戏曲仍会赢得偏爱集体性娱乐活动的国人的青睐。不过,戏曲要焕发青春,须系统地改革,而改革的关键在于能否打造出具有时代性、民族性与程式性特征的新的声腔音乐。

  17. Muusikamaailm : "Väike Bayreuth" Berliinis. Metropolitan Opera hooaeg lõppemas. "Millenniumi" teosed Londonis. Viini Filharmoonikute kolmas auliige. Leiti Beethoveni kiri / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Dirigendi algatatud festivalist Berliinis, kus pannakse pearõhk Wagneri ooperite ettekandele. New Yorgi Metropolitan Opera kevadhooaja 1999 viimastest etendustest. Londonis Royal Festival Hallis toimus R.Caustoni teose "Millennium Scenes" maailmaesiettekanne. J.Taveneri teosest "Fall and resurrection". Orkester valis oma kolmandaks auliikmeks A.Brendeli. Baseli ülikool sai enda valdusse Beethoveni kirja Nikolaus Zmeskallile 1816. aastast

  18. 歌剧《奥赛罗》中戏剧与音乐的关系探讨——以其中几个片段的分析为例%Study of the Relations between the Music and Drama in the Opera Othello ~an~lyse by some parts of the opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽琴

    2012-01-01

    The perfect combination of music and drama in the opera othello is studied, which is in ,the aspects of describing personality traits, portraying the character psychology, promoting plot development and predicting the destinies of characters. The equal importance of music and drama in the opera is further discussed. Only by perfectly combining the music and drama, harmoniously developing and collectively serving the opera, can the opera be deeply understood and performed, and can the opera be pushed to develop.%歌剧《奥赛罗》中的音乐在塑造人物性格、刻画人物心理、推动情节发展、暗示人物命运等方面与戏剧有着完美结合;歌剧中音乐与戏剧处于同等重要的地位,只有将二者完美的结合起来,并协调发展,共同服务于歌剧,才能更深入的理解和演绎歌剧,从而推动歌剧的发展。

  19. Harmonizing Operas Voices. an Investigation of Different Perspectives on the Ecosystem Services Concept and Implications for Research and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermelingmeier, V.

    2014-12-01

    Over the past 150 years, humans have altered the planet at a rapid pace. In this new era, the Anthropocene, environmental degradation has come to a state where sustainable ecosystem management has developed into an urgent quest for humans to maintain their own life-support system. The ecosystem services (ES) concept, initially introduced as potential facilitator to manage this quest, has been criticized for its vagueness to pose a barrier to the concept's application in practice. Therefore, the focus of this paper is on this vagueness as potential barrier to successful collaboration in the research community (interdisicplinarity) as a precondition to the concept's application for sustainable ecosystem management (transdisicplinarity). Focusing on the European research project Operational Potential for Ecosystem Research Applications (OPERAs), the objective is to serve the research community with the identification of differences in conceptual perspectives on ES (differentiation), in order to recommend an effective way of handling these differences (clarification) as a basis for interdisciplinary integration (synthesis). With an emphasis on differentiation and clarification, the research process concentrates on the derivation of a typology of perspectives from the literature (RQ 1), on the basis of which perspectives in OPERAs are assessed with the help of Q methodology (RQ 2) in order to derive implications for how to handle the concept in the future (RQ 3). The main findings suggest clear differences between three foundational perspectives but a more nuanced variety of viewpoints in OPERAs that can be summarized under five main perspectives. Whereas the notion of interdisciplinarity has often steered the focus towards disciplinary worldviews as the cause for different perspectives, the results point to the insight that perspectives on the ES concept are influenced by a more complex interplay of paradigmatic assumptions. Therefore, clarification is suggested to

  20. Use of an alpha lipoic, methylsulfonylmethane and bromelain dietary supplement (Opera(®)) for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy management, a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desideri, Isacco; Francolini, Giulio; Becherini, Carlotta; Terziani, Francesca; Delli Paoli, Camilla; Olmetto, Emanuela; Loi, Mauro; Perna, Marco; Meattini, Icro; Scotti, Vieri; Greto, Daniela; Bonomo, Pierluigi; Sulprizio, Susanna; Livi, Lorenzo

    2017-03-01

    Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a major clinical problem associated with a number of cytotoxic agents. OPERA(®) (GAMFARMA srl, Milan, Italy) is a new dietary supplement where α-lipoic acid, Boswellia Serrata, methylsulfonylmethane and bromelain are combined in a single capsule. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the efficacy and safety of OPERA(®) supplementation in a series of patients affected by CIPN. We selected 25 subjects with CIPN evolving during or after chemotherapy with potentially neurotoxic agents. Patients were enrolled at the first clinical manifestation of neuropathy. CIPN was assessed at the enrollment visit and subsequently repeated every 3 weeks until 12 weeks. Primary endpoint was the evaluation of changes of measured scores after 12 weeks of therapy compared to baseline evaluation. Secondary endpoints were the evaluation of neuropathy reduction at 12 weeks after beginning of therapy with OPERA(®). Analysis of VAS data showed reduction in pain perceived by patients. According to NCI-CTC sensor and motor score, mISS scale and TNSc scale, both pain and both sensor and motor neuropathic impairment decreased after 12 weeks of treatments. Treatment with OPERA supplement was well tolerated; no increase in the toxicity profile of any of the therapeutic regimen that the patients were undergoing was reported. OPERA(®) was able to improve CIPN symptoms in a prospective series of patients treated with neurotoxic chemotherapy, with no significant toxicity or interaction. Prospective RCT in a selected patients' population is warranted to confirm its promising activity.

  1. Nationalization of the Musical Language in the Opera Savage Land%歌剧《原野》音乐语言中的民族化探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈烨

    2016-01-01

    《原野》是金湘先生的代表作。这部作品在继承传统的基础上紧跟时代步伐,开创出了一条新的创作道路,在中国歌剧史上具有里程碑意义。以往的研究多涉及《原野》运用现代作曲技法在表现戏剧性方面的创新,很少有人关注到它在歌剧音乐语言民族化方面的探索。《原野》在音乐语言民族化方面的探索是有设计并成体系的,梳理该剧在这方面的成就对当代歌剧作曲家具有借鉴意义。%The opera Savage Land Op�40 is the masterpiece composed by Mr. Jin Xiang. This work inherits the tradi⁃tion and keeps pace with the modern time as well. At the same time, it creates a new innovative path, because of which, it can be regarded as a milestone in the Chinese opera history. Previous studies paid much attention to how the modern Western compositional techniques work innovatively for the drama of Savage Land. However, little atten⁃tion was paid to the nationalization of musical language of the opera. Mr. Jin Xiang explored a systematical way to re⁃alize the nationalization of musical language of the opera. The research about it will be helpful to contemporary opera composers.

  2. Acoustical measurements of sound fields between the stage and the orchestra pit inside an historical opera house

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Shin-Ichi; Prodi, Nicola; Sakai, Hiroyuki

    2004-05-01

    To clarify the relationship of the sound fields between the stage and the orchestra pit, we conducted acoustical measurements in a typical historical opera house, the Teatro Comunale of Ferrara, Italy. Orthogonal factors based on the theory of subjective preference and other related factors were analyzed. First, the sound fields for a singer on the stage in relation to the musicians in the pit were analyzed. And then, the sound fields for performers in the pit in relation to the singers on the stage were considered. Because physical factors vary depending on the location of the sound source, performers can move on the stage or in the pit to find the preferred sound field.

  3. Objective Measurement of the Listening Condition in the Old Italian Opera House “TEATRO DI San CARLO”

    Science.gov (United States)

    IANNACE, G.; IANNIELLO, C.; MAFFEI, L.; ROMANO, R.

    2000-04-01

    The Teatro di San Carlo (Naples—Italy) is known to be the oldest working theatre in Europe. Since its opening on 4 November 1737 (41 years before the opening of La Scala in Milan and 51 years before the opening of La Fenice in Venice) a number of famous singers, musicians, conductors, and other artists as well, have brought great prestige to this theatre. The San Carlo is not short of praise for its acoustics but, to the knowledge of the authors, no objective study about this subject has ever been published. This paper reports the results of acoustic measurements carried out with the aim of obtaining objective parameters describing the acoustics of the San Carlo from the point of view of the listeners. They disclose a behaviour of the theatre that is typical of the Italian style opera house

  4. Transanal endoscopic operation: a new proposal Operação transanal endoscópica: uma nova proposta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Joaquim Ribeiro da Rocha

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The transanal procedure for rectal cancer surgery is one of the many techniques currently available. Different techniques for local excision of rectal tumors include: conventional transanal technique, posterior access surgery, therapeutic colonoscopy, transanal endoscopic surgery. METHODS: The aim of the present study is to describe a new method of transanal endoscopic resection, transanal endoscopic operation (TEO, and performed with the aid of a surgical proctoscope especially designed for this purpose and report the results obtained in 32 patients submitted to the TEO and to compare these results with those obtained with other techniques currently available. The average proportions of recurrence, post-operation complications and posterior resections were analyzed by means of a metanalysis. Data on the distance and size of rectal lesions, the operative timing and hospitalization time were distributed in graphs according to authors and techniques. RESULTS: The results were favorable and equivalent to those described in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical proctoscope specially designed for this study is efficient and has a low cost; the TEO is easily performed with the aid of this equipment; the final results were favorable and similar to those obtained with other available techniques for endoscopic transanal intestinal resection, which are of high cost and less availability.INTRODUÇÃO: A operação cirúrgica por acesso transanal no tratamento do câncer retal é uma das várias técnicas utilizadas nessa terapêutica. Há várias técnicas de excisão local para os tumores retais: O método cirúrgico transanal convencional, acessos posteriores, colonoscopia terapêutica e operações transanais endoscópicas. O objetivo é apresentar um novo método de ressecção transanal endoscópica (Operação Transanal Endoscópica - OTE, realizada com um proctoscópio cirúrgico idealizado para o procedimento e divulgar os resultados

  5. Uso de tecnologia da informação em operações logísticas de armazenagem.

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro,Priscilla Cristina Cabral; Silva, Leonardo Alencar Ferreira; Benvenuto,Sandra Regina dos Santos

    2005-01-01

    A logística é uma área que teve seu início, para alguns autores, no início do século XX, para escoar os produtos agrícolas. Desde então, ela tem sido estudada, destacando duas funções tradicionais: transportes e armazenagem. O presente artigo tem como objetivo apresentar o uso de um Sistema de Gerenciamento de Armazéns (Warehouse Management System – WMS) em operações logísticas, especificamente, armazenagem em dois operadores logísticos e uma empresa do setor de alimentos. O método é de natur...

  6. Comments on the recent result of the "Measurement of the neutrino velocity with the OPERA detector in the CNGS beam"

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez-Mestres, Luis

    2011-01-01

    The recent result by the OPERA experiment, confirming a trend already present in a previous result by MINOS, raises the question of a possible strong violation of standard relativity. In particular, the particles of the standard model would have different critical speeds in vacuum, and such differences would be measurable with nowadays facilities. Although several experimental and phenomenological issues remain open, the situation deserves been studied closely from a theoretical point of view. The data cannot be explained by conventional extrapolations of Planck-scale Lorentz symmetry violation (LSV) patterns. But, as already stressed in our previous papers since 1995, a weak mixing of standard particles with superbradyons (particles with positive mass and energy, and a critical speed in vacuum much larger than the speed of light) can explain such an effect. Superbradyons can be the ultimate constituents of matter (superluminal preons), but they may simultaneously exist in our Universe as free particles just ...

  7. Observation of νμ → ντ oscillations in the CNGS beam with the OPERA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Serio, M.

    2015-05-01

    The OPERA long-baseline neutrino experiment was exposed to the CNGS νμ beam from 2008 to 2012, collecting 19505 interactions in the target. The evidence for oscillated ντ appearance, based on the observation of three ντ candidate events, has been previously reported. A fourth candidate event has been recently found in an extended data sample, corresponding to about 89% of the final statistics. The absence of a signal from νμ → ντ oscillations is currently excluded at 4.2σ. The status of the analysis is described in detail with special emphasis on the procedures applied for the selection of signal candidate events and the assessment of efficiencies and background. The fourth ντ candidate event is presented and the significance of the observation is discussed.

  8. A limit on exotic nu(mu) - nu(tau) oscillations derived from results of the OPERA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Loverre, P F

    2014-01-01

    The OPERA experiment searching for nu(mu)- nu(tau) oscillations in the CERN to Gran Sasso nu(mu) beam, has detected so far three candidates of nu(tau) charged current interactions. All three events are attributed by the authors to the standard nu(mu)-nu(tau) oscillation at the atmospheric $Dm^2$. It is then possible to constrain the number of additional interactions, which could e.g. result from non-standard oscillations involving more than 3 neutrino mass states. In this paper, a 90 percent CL upper limit of 5.5 events is set on the number of additional nu(tau) interactions. This limit is then converted into limits on exotic nu(mu)-nu(tau) oscillations.

  9. Status and Updated Results of the Opera Experimental Search for νμ → ντ Oscillations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmitrievsky, Sergey

    2015-03-01

    The OPERA detector in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS) has been designed to detect muon-neutrino to tau-neutrino oscillations in direct appearance mode. The hybrid apparatus consists of an emulsion/lead target and of electronic detectors. Data taking using the CNGS muon-neutrino beam from CERN took place from 2008 to 2012. The various steps of the analysis are described, from the localization of the target element where a neutrino interaction occurred up to the identification in the emulsion films of the decay vertex of a short lived particle. The detailed simulation of the different steps allows a precise evaluation of the signal efficiency and of the associated backgrounds. The significance of the latest tau-neutrino appearance results is discussed.

  10. Procedure for short-lived particle detection in the OPERA experiment and its application to charm decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agafonova, N.; Malgin, A.; Matveev, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Shakiryanova, I. [INR-Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Aleksandrov, A.; Buontempo, S.; Consiglio, L.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Shchedrina, T.; Tioukov, V. [INFN Sezione di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Anokhina, A.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Podgrudkov, D.; Roganova, T.; Shoziyoev, G. [Lomonosov Moscow State University, SINP MSU-Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Aoki, S.; Hara, T.; Ozaki, K.; Takahashi, S. [Kobe University, Kobe (Japan); Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Ereditato, A.; Kawada, J.; Kreslo, I.; Pistillo, C.; Strauss, T.; Tufanli, S.; Vuilleumier, J.L. [University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP), Bern (Switzerland); Bender, D.; Guler, M.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M. [METU-Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Bertolin, A.; Dusini, S.; Kose, U.; Stanco, L. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padua (Italy); Bozza, C.; Grella, G.; Stellacci, S.M. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Salerno and ' ' Gruppo Collegato' ' INFN, Fisciano, Salerno (Italy); Brugnera, R.; Garfagnini, A.; Medinaceli, E.; Roda, M.; Sirignano, C. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padua (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell' Universita di Padova, Padua (Italy); Buonaura, A.; De Lellis, G.; Galati, G.; Hosseini, B.; Lauria, A.; Montesi, M.C.; Strolin, P. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita Federico II di Napoli, Naples (Italy); INFN Sezione di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Buettner, B.; Ebert, J.; Goellnitz, C.; Hagner, C.; Hollnagel, A.; Lenkeit, J.; Wonsak, B. [Hamburg University, Hamburg (Germany); Chernyavsky, M.; Okateva, N.; Polukhina, N.; Starkov, N.; Vladimirov, M. [LPI-Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Chukanov, A.; Dmitrievski, S.; Gornushkin, Y.; Olshevsky, A.; Sheshukov, A.; Zemskova, S. [JINR-Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); D' Ambrosio, N.; Di Marco, N.; Pupilli, F.; Schembri, A. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi, L' Aquila (Italy); De Serio, M.; Muciaccia, M.T.; Simone, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Bari, Bari (Italy); INFN Sezione di Bari, Bari (Italy); Amo Sanchez, P. del; Duchesneau, D.; Pessard, H.; Zghiche, A. [LAPP, Universite de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Di Ferdinando, D.; Mandrioli, G.; Patrizii, L.; Sirri, G.; Tenti, M. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Dracos, M.; Jollet, C.; Meregaglia, A. [IPHC, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, Strasbourg (France); Fini, R.A.; Pastore, A. [INFN Sezione di Bari, Bari (Italy); Fukuda, T.; Ishida, H.; Matsuo, T.; Ogawa, S.; Shibuya, H. [Toho University, Funabashi (Japan); Giacomelli, G. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell' Universita di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Goldberg, J. [Technion, Department of Physics, Haifa (Israel); Gustavino, C.; Monacelli, P. [INFN Sezione di Roma, Rome (Italy); Ishiguro, K.; Kitagawa, N.; Komatsu, M.; Morishima, K.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Omura, T.; Rokujo, H.; Sato, O.; Shiraishi, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Jakovcic, K.; Klicek, B.; Ljubicic, A.; Malenica, M.; Stipcevic, M. [IRB-Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Kim, J.H.; Park, I.G.; Yoon, C.S. [Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, S.H. [Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kodama, K. [Aichi University of Education, Kariya, Aichi-Ken (Japan); Longhin, A.; Paoloni, A.; Spinetti, M.; Votano, L. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell' INFN, Frascati, Rome (Italy); Loverre, P.; Rosa, G. [INFN Sezione di Roma, Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Roma ' ' La Sapienza' ' , Rome (Italy); Mauri, N.; Pasqualini, L.; Pozzato, M.; Sioli, M. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell' Universita di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Mikado, S. [Nihon University, Narashino, Chiba (Japan); Park, B.D. [Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Samsung Changwon Hospital, SKKU, Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Terranova, F. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell' INFN, Frascati, Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Milano-Bicocca, Milan (Italy); Vilain, P.; Wilquet, G. [IIHE, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-08-15

    TheOPERAexperiment, designed to perform the first observation of ν{sub μ} → ν{sub τ} oscillations in appearance mode through the detection of the τ leptons produced in ν{sub τ} charged current interactions, has collected data from 2008 to 2012. In the present paper, the procedure developed to detect τ particle decays, occurring over distances of the order of 1mm from the neutrino interaction point, is described in detail and applied to the search for charmed hadrons, showing similar decay topologies as the τ lepton. In the analysed sample, 50 charm decay candidate events are observed while 54 ± 4 are expected, proving that the detector performance and the analysis chain applied to neutrino events are well reproduced by the OPERA simulation and thus validating the methods for ν{sub τ} appearance detection. (orig.)

  11. Acoustical measurements of sound fields between the stage and the orchestra pit inside an historical opera house

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Shin-Ichi; Prodi, Nicola; Sakai, Hiroyuki

    2001-05-01

    To clarify the relationship of the sound fields between the stage and the orchestra pit, we conducted acoustical measurements in a typical historical opera house, the Teatro Comunale of Ferrara, Italy. Orthogonal factors based on the theory of subjective preference and other related factors were analyzed. First, the sound fields for a singer on the stage in relation to the musicians in the pit were analyzed. And then, the sound fields for performers in the pit in relation to the singers on the stage were considered. Because physical factors vary depending on the location of the sound source, performers can move on the stage or in the pit to find the preferred sound field.

  12. The publication of Newton's Opera Omnia in Geneva and Lausanne (1739-1761): A chapter in the reception of Newtonianism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guicciardini, Niccolò

    2017-07-01

    During the eighteenth century, several towns located in what is known today as the Suisse romande were extremely receptive toward scientific culture, and most notably Newtonianism. In this paper I deal with a nine-volume publication of Newton's Opera Omnia that was planned in Geneva and Lausanne during the late 1730s and 1740s. This publication has not received the attention it deserves. To the best of my knowledge, even an awareness of its existence is lacking in the literature devoted to the reception of Newtonianism. This paper examines the circumstances of the publication of a complete set of all of Newton's works known at the time, and the motivations of the editors, mathematicians, and publishers who were involved in this editorial enterprise.

  13. SOPRANOS AND BARYTONES OR HOW EÇA DE QUEIRÓS REVISITS THE XIX CENTURY OPERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Valentim

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims to propose a reading of Eça de Queirós’ novel, , starting from its direct references to the mentioned performed operas and musical pieces along the novel. These references serve as musical intertexts in order to facilitate a dialogue between the instrumental and vocal musical discourses with the fictional plot, incurring in a significant manner in the characters’ trajectory. Knowing the techniques of operatic composition in force in Europe and reader of the social conditions of his country, Eça de Queirós seems to take their creatures of specific vocal tones, giving them a representative function and putting into practice his design of a ironic looking about romantic idealism.

  14. 昆曲与江南园卉文化%Kunqu Opera and the Jiangnan Garden and Gardening Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑锦燕

    2015-01-01

    As the product of particular time and space, Kunqu Opera cannot be separated from the soil where it burgeoned and growed, and it cannot be separated from the exquisite literati life in South of the Yangtze River. In China, the garden and gardening culture, especially the one in Jiangnan, embodies profound aesthetic values, contains rich ethic meanings, and is a unique expression of literati culture. The Jiangnan garden and gardening culture was demonstrated in Kunqu Opera scripts and stage performance, which reflected the lifestyle and mental state of the ancient literati. As artistic symbols, gardens and various flowers and plants serve in legends the purposes of achieving symbolism and metaphor, expressing feelings, and deepening themes.%昆曲作为特定时空下的产物,离不开其滋生发展的土壤,离不开江南精致的文人生活.而我国的园卉文化,尤其是江南园卉文化,具有厚重的审美价值,饱含高度的道德内涵,是文人文化的独特表现.江南园卉文化体现在昆曲的戏文文本和场上演出中,反映了当时文人的生活方式和精神状态.园林以及植物花卉作为艺术符号,在传奇中具有象征、隐喻、吟咏性情、深化思想主旨等作用.

  15. OPERA: use of pegylated interferon plus ribavirin for treating HCV-HIV coinfection in interferon-naive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carosi, Giampiero; Bruno, Raffaele; Cariti, Giuseppe; Nasta, Paola; Gulminetti, Roberto; Galli, Massimo; Angarano, Gioacchino; Verucchi, Gabriella; Pontali, Emanuele; Capetti, Amedeo; Raise, Enzo; Ravasio, Veronica; Maida, Ivana; Iannacone, Claudio; Caputo, Antonietta; Puoti, Massimo

    2014-01-01

    The Optimized Pegylated interferons Efficacy and anti-Retroviral Approach (OPERA) study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety profile of treatment with pegylated interferons (PEG-IFNs) in interferon-naive patients with chronic HCV and HIV infection in routine clinical practice. This was a multicentre, prospective observational cohort study conducted at 98 Italian referral centres for the treatment of chronic HCV and HIV coinfection. Adult subjects (n=1,523) with a confirmed diagnosis of HCV and stable HIV coinfection were followed between April 2005 and March 2011; of these, 1,284 were interferon-naive and were the focus of this analysis. Patients received PEG-IFN-α2a or -α2b plus ribavirin combination therapy. The choice of treatment and dose was at the investigator's discretion, according to the summary of product characteristics and current guidelines. The primary efficacy end point was sustained virological response (SVR). Secondary end points included rates of rapid viral response, early viral response and response at end of treatment. SVR was achieved by 40.0% of patients; the highest SVR rate was observed in patients with HCV genotypes 2 and 3. More genotype 2 and 3 than genotype 1 and 4 patients achieved rapid and early viral responses, and end of treatment responses. Higher SVR rates were also associated with ≥80% anti-HCV treatment compliance and lower baseline HCV levels. The OPERA study results show that PEG-IFN plus ribavirin is an effective treatment for HCV-HIV coinfection in interferon-naive patients. Independent predictors of SVR include HCV genotype, undetectable baseline HIV RNA and baseline HCV RNA<500,000 IU/ml.

  16. The OPERA trial: protocol for a randomised trial of an exercise intervention for older people in residential and nursing accommodation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Martin; Eldridge, Sandra; Lamb, Sallie; Potter, Rachel; Sheehan, Bartley; Slowther, Anne-Marie; Taylor, Stephanie; Thorogood, Margaret; Weich, Scott

    2011-02-02

    Depression is common in residents of Residential and Nursing homes (RNHs). It is usually undetected and often undertreated. Depression is associated with poor outcomes including increased morbidity and mortality. Exercise has potential to improve depression, and has been shown in existing trials to improve outcomes among younger and older people. Existing evidence comes from trials that are short, underpowered and not from RNH settings. The aim of the OPERA trial is to establish whether exercise is effective in reducing the prevalence of depression among older RNH residents. OPERA is a cluster randomised controlled trial. RNHs are randomised to one of two groups with interventions lasting 12 months. INTERVENTION GROUP: a depression awareness and physical activity training session for care home staff, plus a whole home physical activation programme including twice weekly physiotherapist-led exercise groups. The intervention lasts for one year from randomisation, or a depression awareness training session for care home staff.Participants are people aged 65 or over who are free of severe cognitive impairment and willing to participate in the study. Our primary outcome is the prevalence of depressive symptoms, a GDS-15 score of five or more, in all participants at the end of the one year intervention period. Our secondary depression outcomes include remission of depressive symptoms and change in GDS-15 scores in those with depressive symptoms prior to randomisation. Other secondary outcomes include, fear of falling, mobility, fractures, pain, cognition, costs and health related quality of life. We aimed to randomise 77 RNHs. Home recruitment was completed in May 2010; 78 homes have been randomised. Follow up will finish in May 2011 and results will be available late 2011. [ISRCTN: ISRCTN43769277].

  17. The Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Prevention of Post-Operative Atrial Fibrillation (OPERA) Trial – Rationale and Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozaffarian, Dariush; Marchioli, Roberto; Gardner, Tim; Ferrazzi, Paolo; O’Gara, Patrick; Latini, Roberto; Libby, Peter; Lombardi, Federico; Macchia, Alejandro; Page, Richard; Santini, Massimo; Tavazzi, Luigi; Tognoni, Gianni

    2011-01-01

    Post-operative atrial fibrillation/flutter (PoAF) commonly complicates cardiac surgery, occurring in 25–60% of patients. PoAF is associated with significant morbidity, higher long-term mortality, and increased healthcare costs. Novel preventive therapies are clearly needed. In experiments and short-term trials, seafood-derived long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) influence several risk factors that might reduce risk of PoAF. A few small and generally underpowered trials have evaluated effects of omega-3-PUFA supplementation on PoAF, with mixed results. The Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Prevention of Post-operative Atrial Fibrillation (OPERA) trial is an appropriately powered, investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational trial to determine whether peri-operative oral omega-3-PUFA reduces occurrence of PoAF in 1,516 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Additional aims include evaluation of resource utilization, biologic pathways and mechanisms, postoperative cognitive decline, and safety. Broad inclusion criteria encompass a real-world population of outpatients and inpatients scheduled for cardiac surgery. Treatment comprises a total pre-operative loading dose of 8–10 g of omega-3-PUFA or placebo divided over 2–5 days, followed by 2 g/d until hospital discharge or post-operative day 10, whichever first. Based on anticipated 30% event rate in controls, total enrollment of 1,516 patients (758 per treatment arm) will provide 90% power to detect 25% reduction in PoAF. OPERA will provide invaluable evidence to inform biologic pathways, proof-of-concept that omega-3-PUFA influence cardiac arrhythmias, and potential regulatory standards and clinical use of this simple, inexpensive, and low-risk intervention to prevent PoAF. PMID:21742090

  18. The OPERA trial: protocol for a randomised trial of an exercise intervention for older people in residential and nursing accommodation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor Stephanie

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Depression is common in residents of Residential and Nursing homes (RNHs. It is usually undetected and often undertreated. Depression is associated with poor outcomes including increased morbidity and mortality. Exercise has potential to improve depression, and has been shown in existing trials to improve outcomes among younger and older people. Existing evidence comes from trials that are short, underpowered and not from RNH settings. The aim of the OPERA trial is to establish whether exercise is effective in reducing the prevalence of depression among older RNH residents. Method OPERA is a cluster randomised controlled trial. RNHs are randomised to one of two groups with interventions lasting 12 months Intervention group: a depression awareness and physical activity training session for care home staff, plus a whole home physical activation programme including twice weekly physiotherapist-led exercise groups. The intervention lasts for one year from randomisation, or Control group: a depression awareness training session for care home staff. Participants are people aged 65 or over who are free of severe cognitive impairment and willing to participate in the study. Our primary outcome is the prevalence of depressive symptoms, a GDS-15 score of five or more, in all participants at the end of the one year intervention period. Our secondary depression outcomes include remission of depressive symptoms and change in GDS-15 scores in those with depressive symptoms prior to randomisation. Other secondary outcomes include, fear of falling, mobility, fractures, pain, cognition, costs and health related quality of life. We aimed to randomise 77 RNHs. Discussion Home recruitment was completed in May 2010; 78 homes have been randomised. Follow up will finish in May 2011 and results will be available late 2011. Trial Registration [ISRCTN: ISRCTN43769277

  19. Praticando gestão de operações em um laboratório de gestão.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Portes Ribeiro

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Descrever modelos de gestão de operações não é suficiente para ilustrar o dinamismo, a complexidade e a importância dessa atividade. As dificuldades de balanceamento entre teoria e prática na formação em gestão de operações sugerem a busca por iniciativas capazes de proporcionar um ambiente de aprendizagem que integre teoria e prática. Desse modo, objetiva-se verificar os temas referentes à gestão de operações pesquisados no ambiente do laboratório de gestão, os principais fatores condicionantes da escolha dos temas e o potencial do laboratório de gestão para a prática dos modelos de gestão de operações. Este estudo aborda os modelos de gestão de operações ligados aos temas estratégia em operações, gestão de cadeia de suprimentos, gestão da qualidade, manutenção, lean production (produção enxuta, sustentabilidade, gestão de processos e produtos, inovação, gestão de estoques, capacidade de produção, teoria das restrições, planejamento e controle da produção, custos de produção, projeto e medida do trabalho, enterprise resource planning/manufacturing resource planning (ERP/MRP – planejamento de recursos empresariais/planejamento de recursos de manufatura, carteira de projetos e o laboratório de gestão apoiado no tripé conceitual: simulador, jogo de empresas e pesquisa aplicada. De acordo com a classificação proposta por Gonçalves (2007, foi realizada uma análise descritiva do laboratório de gestão, na qual se adotou o método de estudo de caso longitudinal, com abordagem quantitativa, na perspectiva de uma pesquisa bibliométrica. Os dados coletados e analisados correspondem a nove anos (2005-2013 de condução do laboratório de gestão em uma universidade pública. O simulador utilizado no laboratório de gestão permitiu aos estudantes gerenciar cinco variáveis de operações explicitamente, o que facilitou 42% das pesquisas em torno desses temas. Variáveis não explícitas no

  20. Study on space for performing and watching of Kunqu opera in Liuyuan garden in Suzhou%苏州留园昆曲观演空间研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄斌全; 董楠楠

    2014-01-01

    江南园林昆曲观演空间是园林空间与昆曲艺术长期相互作用的产物,具有极高的文化、艺术和研究价值。文章选择苏州留园内的三处昆曲观演空间,利用文献阅读、实地测绘、场景复原等方法,从尺度意境、空间组合、视线组织和昆曲活动等方面进行分析和解读,探索了园林空间与昆曲活动的具体作用机制。留园内三处昆曲观演空间的物理特征与昆曲活动各有特色,呈现出不同的相互作用关系;昆曲活动和三处昆曲观演空间都具有极高的匹配度,通过长期的磨合形成一致的风格趋向,构成了具有鲜明时代特征的昆曲观演空间。%The space for performing and watching Kunqu opera in Chinese traditional garden is the mutual product of Suzhou traditional garden and Kunqu opera and has extraordinary cultural,aesthetic and research value. Through literature review,site measuring and scene simulation,this article analyzed and interpreted three main spaces for performing and watching opera in Liuyuan Garden from the aspects of size,combination pattern,and sight views and activities,and explored the mechanism of influence between garden space and opera activities. The results show:these three spaces all have their own characteristics both in physical and mental aspects and show different influence patterns. The Kunqu opera activities are quite harmonious with these three spaces and gradually the space for performing and watching Kunqu opera is formed with distinctive Chinese traditional characteristics.

  1. Operations strategy: will it ever realize its potential? Estratégia de operações: ela nunca realizará o seu potencial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel Slack

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Although the last three decades have seen a steady rise in the perceived importance of operations strategy together with its corresponding literature base, one could argue that it has not yet reached its full potential. This paper reviews some of the reasons why this may be. It starts by briefly examining the importance of operations strategy within the broader operations management area and then examines some challenges to the subject under two headings. The first heading concerns whether operations strategy accurately reflects the nature of 'operations' within the economy. The second heading examines some of the challenges in making any operations-based topic into one that has strategic relevance. Finally, a number of prescriptions are put forward that may allow the development of the subject to answer some of the challenges posed.Embora nas últimas três décadas tenha sido constatado um constante crescimento na percepção de importância da área de estratégia de operações, juntamente com a sua respectiva base literária, pode-se argumentar que ela ainda não atingiu todo o seu potencial. Este artigo revisa algumas das razões pelas quais isto pode estar ocorrendo. Inicialmente, a importância da estratégia de operações dentro da área mais ampla de gestão de operações é analisada de forma sucinta e em seguida, alguns desafios são explorados em duas vertentes. A primeira trata se estratégia de operações reflete precisamente a natureza das operações dentro da economia. A segunda explora alguns dos desafios em tornar tópicos relacionados a operações em tópicos com importância estratégica. Por fim, são propostas algumas prescrições que podem apoiar o desenvolvimento da área de modo a responder a alguns dos desafios apresentados.

  2. 小提琴艺术与戏曲融合的历史回顾%Historical Review of Integrating Violin Art into Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭蕾

    2012-01-01

    小提琴传入中国近200年间,对我国的民族音乐文化产生了深刻的影响。其中小提琴艺术与戏曲艺术相融合的道路艰难曲折,也曾饱受争议。通过一代代艺术家的不断探索和创新,创作出不少成功的作品。这些作品在传统戏曲的沃土中吸收营养,融合借鉴了不少曲调、唱腔和技法,既发挥了小提琴音质、音色和技法等方面的特质,又更好地表现出乐曲所包涵的中华民族的独特韵味、气质和风格。通过分析小提琴与戏曲艺术间交流融合的历史脉络,也对在这条道路上奋力探索的一代代艺术家和他们的小提琴作品做了总结和归纳。%During the 200 years since violin was spread into China, it has produced deep influence to our national music culture. While it was very difficult to integrate violin music into opera music, about which there were a lot of disputes. However, generations of artists continuously explored and innovated and created a lot of successful outstanding works which absorb nutrition from traditional opera art, and draw merit from its tunes, singing, and expressing techniques. So they can not only exert the characteristics of tone quality, timbre, and expressing skills of violin, but also express the charm, temperament, and style of the national opera art. This paper sorts out and analyzes the history of integrating violin into the traditional opera art, and summarizes the arduous efforts and the violin-opera works of our generations of artists. The author hopes to explore the way for our traditional opera art development basing on "making the-past serve the present; making foreign things serve China".

  3. Cyril-Mickaël Callejon, Space opera. 40 ans de science-fiction à la télév

    OpenAIRE

    Cadé, Michel

    2016-01-01

    Ouvrage un peu inclassable en forme d’essai, Space opera est d’abord l’œuvre d’un passionné qui entend faire partager l’amour qu’il porte à son objet en donnant au lecteur une sorte de manuel d’accès à l’univers de sa passion. Persuadé que le space opera raconte l’humanité (p. 15) et qu’il a été un facteur de progrès, du moins aux États-Unis (pp. 16-17), il omet cependant d’en donner une définition solide. C’est d’autant plus fâcheux que son préfacier, Yvan West Laurence (pp. 9-13), le fait e...

  4. A randomized controlled trial of soap opera videos streamed to smartphones to reduce risk of sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in young urban African American women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Rachel; Hoover, Donald R; Lacroix, Lorraine J

    2013-01-01

    Love, Sex, and Choices (LSC) is a soap opera video series created to reduce HIV sex risk in women. LSC was compared to text messages in a randomized trial in 238 high-risk mostly Black young urban women. 117 received 12-weekly LSC videos, 121 received 12-weekly HIV prevention messages on smartphones. Changes in unprotected sex with high risk partners were compared by mixed models. Unprotected sex with high risk men significantly declined over 6 months post-intervention for both arms, from 21-22 acts to 5-6 (p soap opera video episodes to reduce HIV risk on smartphones. LSC holds promise as an Internet intervention that could be scaled-up and combined with HIV testing. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. 桐乡花鼓戏及其传承与保护问题探析%Research on the Heritage and Protection of Tongxiang Huagu Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩慧慧

    2015-01-01

    Through field investigations, research has been conducted on Tongxiang Huagu Opera ’s historical origin,inheritance and development,and artistic characteristics,in order to explore ways and methods for its inheritance and the protection.The Huagu Opera in Jiaxing first appeared during the years of Jiaqing and Dao Guang of the Qing Dynasty,and in the spreading process,it frequently changed due to various reasons and a branch of local opera in Jiangsu and Zhejiang was formed.This differentiation is not only the geographical flow of operas,but also a kind of exchange and fusion of art and culture.Tongxiang Huagu Opera is possibly intro-duced from Huzhou,and through hundreds of years’inheritance and development by artists of dozens of genera-tions,it has been fully integrated into the local culture and formed its own independent style and features.Its tunes mainly came from the operas such as Huzhou Tanhuang,Hu Opera,etc.,and later a number of local folk tunes were integrated into it and sung by Tongxiang dialect.In the aspect of inheritance and protection,the Huagu Opera has been effectively combined with tourism,and achieved a win-win situation for the protection of intangible cultural heritage.But it is still essential to keep pace with the times and innovate the performance, to draw up plans for the selection and training of inheritors,to carry out the work of image recording,music re-cording and sorting,and to implement various forms of inheritance.%通过田野调查,对桐乡花鼓戏进行历史溯源、传承发展、艺术特色的研究,探析其传承与保护路径和方法。嘉兴地区的花鼓戏最早出现于清朝嘉靖、道光年间,在传播过程之中,由于种种原因频频变化,形成了江浙地区地方小戏种的分支,这种分化不仅是戏种在地域范围内的流动,更是一种艺术文化的交流与融合。桐乡花鼓戏由湖州传入的可能性较大。而经历数百年、几十代艺人的传承发展

  6. Ladinia linguistica in una monumentale opera: atlante lunguistico del ladino dolomitico e dei dialetti limitrofi - ald-1, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available L'apparizione dell'atlante linguistico di un territorio romanzo va salutata con gioia, come una festa della ricerca scientifica in tale settore. E il sentimento di gioia ci pervade quando sfogliamo i primi quattro vol umi, in folio, deli' ALD. Non sol oper la mole e l'ampia concezione dell'opera, ma altrettanto e più ancora per il ricco materiale che l 'ALD offre. A tutta l' équipe scientifica guidata dal rinomato romanista salisburghese prof. Hans Goebl che assieme a Lois Craffonara e anche ideatore deli' opera, nonché ai collaboratori è all'editore vadano i nostri sinceri ringraziamenti. Ci sia permesso di aggiungere che la nostra rivista si pregia d'aver potuto ospitare alcuni studi scientifici del prof. Goebl, come anche del suo stretto collaboratore prof. Roland Bauer.

  7. Larra, author of El rapto (1832, the first Spanish opera in the 19th century. Preliminary study and new unpublished manuscript critical edition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pilar Espín Templado

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Of critical importance is the publication of the previously unreleased manuscript by M. J. de Larra, El Rapto, (1832, the first opera ever written in the history of Spanish lyric theater (music by the maestro Genoves. This opera is now published in its entirety for the first time. A previous edition from 1991 contained some of the singing parts but not the spoken dialogue, which was also missing from the only manuscript known at the time located in the Biblioteca Histórica Municipal in Madrid. This edition also incorporates corrections to the original text as introduced by the author himself in handwritten notes and provides the critical elements necessary to compare it with the previously known edition. The study analyzes and assesses this significant work in the historic and dramatic context of its time.

  8. Effects of ethylene and (Z)-hexen-3-al on production of volatiles in Populus simonii × P. pyramidalis 'Opera 8277'cuttings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haibo GAO; Yingbai SHEN; Zenghui HU

    2009-01-01

    We studied the effects of ethylene, (Z)-hexen-3-al, combinations of ethylene and (Z)-hexen-3-al, methyl jasmonate on the release of terpenoids and green leaf volatiles (GLVs) of Populus simoniixP, pyramidalis 'Opera 8277' by fumigation. The results show that exposure to ethylene alone did not induce volatiles.However, it was induced by exposure to combinations of (Z)-hexen-3-al and ethylene, a large amount ofhexenal and hexen-3-ol as compared to sole (Z)-hexen-3-al exposure,which indicated that the release of wounding signals of P.simonii zP. pyramidalis 'Opera 8277' could be synergized by ethylene and (Z)-hexen-3-al.

  9. Politics in the context of the “Opera question” in the national theatre before the first world war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milanović Biljana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Part of the history of the National Theatre in Belgrade in the decade before the First World War relates to processes of discontinuity in the professionalization and modernization of the musical section in this institution and its repertoire. It had to do with abrupt changes reflected in three short-lived phases: improvements in musical ensemble and opera performances (1906-1909, the annulment of these efforts and results with a return to the old repertoire, and then again a new beginning once more with a fresh attempt to establish the Opera (1913-14. These dynamics were affected by the social and political context. It was dependent on frequent changes of the Theatre’s management staff whose main representatives had mutually conflicting views on important questions concerning the functioning of their institution. Relations between them were strongly marked by contested political motives. Theatre managers were appointed by ministers of education who could also be relieved of their posts, and members of the management staff were always active in political parties. These facts acted as a decisive factor in their communication which was similar to the behaviour and customs of public political life where an opponent is seen as an enemy, not as a partner in solving common problems. Critical and polemical discourses on important aspects of organization and programme strategy of the Theatre were burdened by political rivalry which also found its place in discussions on the cultivation of music. Questions relating to music were considered in a declarative way, so that music was instrumentalized as a means of political empowerment. The facts about music in the National Theatre raise many issues related to aspects of modernization, national identification, transfers of „high“ and popular musical cultures as well as to other problems of social, historical and cultural contexts that were intertwined in the operation of the Theatre. The context of

  10. An Artistic Creation of Francis Poulenc's Opera%浦朗克歌剧艺术创作评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈云波

    2011-01-01

    Francis Poulenc was one of the most excellent composer of French art song.However,his operas were rarely known by people.In faithful adhered to classicism and romanticism,his music composition has styles of bright colors,natural,clear rhythms,and easy understanding.Based on the strong composition background(Vocal,Instrument),his extraordinary ability was brought out in the composition of operas.He wrote three operas,Les Mamelles de Tiresias,Dialogues des Carmelites,and Lo Voix humaine.These three operas presented the highest achievement of French Neoclassicism music.The paper discusses his success in two aspects of musical style and composition conditions.%第一次世界大战后,法国音乐有了空前的发展,浦朗克.法兰西斯便是其中最出色的法国新古典主义乐派作曲家之一。他在不同领域,如声乐、器乐、交响乐、歌剧方面有着丰富的创作经验。其歌剧《提瑞西阿斯》、《加尔默罗会修女的对话》、《人声》创作充满了对古典主义和浪漫主义的忠实坚持。本文主要从创作背景和音乐风格两个方面对其歌剧创作加以论述评介。

  11. 样板戏的全媒体传播及文化意义解读%All Media Communication and Cultural Interpretation of Revolutionary Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁

    2014-01-01

    样板戏作为文革时期最具权威力量的文艺形式,依托国家权力机构的参与性力量获得了这一时期文艺传播的唯一合法权力。借助于全媒体的传播,样板戏将宰制意识形态渗入世俗生活之中,达致通俗性、普泛性目的,在文艺信息匮乏的文革时期,全媒体的传播使样板戏形成了普遍的信息环境,文化霸权在此信息环境中以自然而然的方式确立。样板戏的全媒体传播过程,帮助建构了全民共享的民族文化仪式,从而将个体整合到集体之中,强化了既有的社会秩序,形成维系整个社会的统一调子。%Revolutionary Opera as the most authoritative artistic form in the Cultural Revolution had been given the only legal right to artistic communication supported by the state power .With the spread of all media ,Revolutionary Opera achieved its popularity by gradually infiltrating the dominance of ideology into people's daily lives .During the Cultural Revolution ,for lack of artistic knowledge ,the spread of all media made Revolutionary Opera generally accepted ,and thus established its cultural hegemony naturally . T he process of all media dissemination of Revolutionary Opera helped construct ethnic culture enjoyed by all people ,and strengthened the existing social order and maintained the norms of social life .

  12. Philosophical and Aesthetic Conception of Helen’s Image in Goethe’s Tragedy “Faust” and Mythological Opera by Hofmannsthal “The Egyptian Helen”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharypina T. A.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis concerns the interpretation of the story about Helen of Troy in the Goethe tragedy “Faust” and in the Hofmannsthal mythological opera “The Egyptian Helen” in terms of succession and development of philosophical and aesthetic conception of image. For the first time the work on the opera “The Egyptian Helen” is considered as a fruitful period of the combined creation of Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Richard Strauss on the basis of Nietzsche’s antiquity reception. It is proved, that in the Hofmannsthal’s philosophical and aesthetic views the conception of the opera “Helen” is the symbol of synthesis of opposite view points on antique perception of the world and the basic sources of the ancient Greek art. The light Olympic Greece of Winckelmann and Goethe and the spontaneous titanism, Dionysus’s ecstasy and Nietzsche’s, Burckhardt’s, Bachofen’s archaic mysticism merged in Helen’s “Mystic wedding”. The basis for such unification serves an invincible life instinct of an ancient Greek, who becomes apparent in ability to moral transformation and revival by force of overcoming inevitable things in human existence of suffering.

  13. Prince of zeta by Petar Konjović: Opera in five/four acts on the 125th anniversary of the composer's birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosusova Nadežda

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Petar Konjović (Čurug, May 5, 1883 - Belgrade, October 1, 1970 stands out among Serbian composers as an author of instrumental and vocal compositions. Studies at the Prague Conservatory (1904-1906 acquainted Konjović with Czech music, Wagner's opus, and the Russian national-romantic school, which contributed to the evolution of his talent for both music and stage, enabling him to express his ideas more explicitly in operatic works. It was in the Prague that the second opera - Prince of Zeta - was conceived, with new musical vividness and dramatic appeal (first version composed 1906-1926, the second and final 1929-1939, followed by Koštana (1928, Peasants (1951 and Fatherland (1960. Konjović's mature operas are characterized by his masterful handling of form, both in close-ups and in detail, as well as his deeply individual assimilation of musical folklore into his work. The Prince of Zeta is not to be understood as a folk opera, but some main themes are directly derived from folk music, precisely from the Montenegrin folk songs quoted in the Mokranjac's Ninth Garland and treated in Konjović's post-romantic, almost expressionistic way, interwoven with some Italianate leitmotifs, so as to present the opera's two worlds, Montenegrin and Venetian. In the process of forming Konjović's operatic style, with vocal parts based mainly on the principle of declamation, the opera Prince of Zeta (first performed in Belgrade, 1929, conducted by Lovro von Matačić proved to be a work of great impact. Hardly anyone grasped then the wide sweep of inspiration which allowed the composer to set and to solve several important problems connected with music drama, essential also in his subsequent stage works. First of all, Konjović had to handle in his own way the verbal drama the prototype of his opera, Maxim Crnojević by the Serbian poet Laza Kostić (1841-1910. Permission came from the playwright in the first decade of the 1900, Prince of Zeta being partly

  14. Before and after Lightfoot/León. Using rich pictures to illustrate an educational journey through the world of opera and ballet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Habib

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we describe part of an action research project carried out during a classroom-based art course at a higher education institution. We gave the students themed collaborative drawing assignments, with the purpose of achieving a rich picture of what they associated with the notion of “going to the opera”. They completed assignments before and after attending a guided tour and a ballet performance at a famous opera house. We aimed to address two main research questions: a How can the students’ understanding of opera and ballet develop through their experience of a ballet performance? and b How can drawing activities in the classroom support collaborative learning and the students’ personal development? The data gathered involved three main elements: 1 the rich pictures themselves, 2 the teachers’ observations of the students and 3 the students’ reflections on the process. The study points towards a significant transformation of the students’ representation of the concept of opera, as illustrated in their drawings. We discuss how the students’ drawings may reflect their development in terms of attitude and their newly acquired knowledge of an artistic genre they knew little about, and suggest new avenues for further research.

  15. Oscillations des neutrinos sur et hors faisceau : étude des performances du système d'acquisition d'OPERA

    CERN Document Server

    Brugière, Timothée

    OPERA (" Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus ") is a neutrino beam experiment located in hall C of the Gran Sasso underground laboratory (LNGS), in Italia, under a equivalent of 3.8 km water (corresponding to a cut at 1.5 TeV for the muons). The first purpose of OPERA is the direct observation of the νμ ➝ ντ oscillation in the atmospheric sector observing an ντ appearance 730 km away from the target in a quasi pure νμ beam (CNGS). OPERA is an hybrid detector with an instrumented target part (~125 000 bricks made with emulsion and lead sheets) and a spectrometer. The data taking have started in 2006 and 55 000 events have been registred. The first ντ candidate have been observed this year. The work done during this thesis is oriented around three main topics : Define the trigger rules of the target tracker acquisition system for beam neutrino events, synchronise target tracker and RPC elements, implement the results inside the simulation and the study of the feasibility of an atmos...

  16. Measurement of the TeV atmospheric muon charge ratio with the complete OPERA data set. To the memory of Prof. G. Giacomelli

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agafonova, N.; Malgin, A.; Matveev, V.; Ryazhskaya, O.; Shakiryanova, I. [INR-Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Aleksandrov, A.; Buontempo, S.; Consiglio, L.; Di Crescenzo, A.; Shchedrina, T.; Tioukov, V. [INFN Sezione di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Anokhina, A.; Dzhatdoev, T.; Podgrudkov, D.; Roganova, T.; Shoziyoev, G. [Lomonosov Moscow State University, SINP MSU-Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Aoki, S.; Hara, T.; Ozaki, K.; Takahashi, S. [Kobe University, Kobe (Japan); Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Ereditato, A.; Kawada, J.; Kreslo, I.; Pistillo, C.; Tufanli, S.; Vuilleumier, J.L. [University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP), Bern (Switzerland); Bender, D.; Guler, M.; Kamiscioglu, C.; Kamiscioglu, M. [METU-Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Bertolin, A.; Dusini, S.; Kose, U.; Stanco, L. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padua (Italy); Bozza, C.; Grella, G.; Stellacci, S.M. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Salerno and ' ' Gruppo Collegato' ' INFN, Fisciano (Salerno) (Italy); Brugnera, R.; Garfagnini, A.; Medinaceli, E.; Roda, M.; Sirignano, C. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Padua (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell' Universita di Padova, Padua (Italy); Buonaura, A.; De Lellis, G.; Hosseini, B.; Lauria, A.; Montesi, M.C.; Strolin, P. [INFN Sezione di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita Federico II di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Buettner, B.; Ebert, J.; Goellnitz, C.; Hagner, C.; Hollnagel, A.; Lenkeit, J.; Wonsak, B. [Hamburg University, Hamburg (Germany); Chernyavsky, M.; Okateva, N.; Polukhina, N.; Starkov, N.; Vladimirov, M. [LPI-Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Chukanov, A.; Dmitrievski, S.; Gornushkin, Y.; Olshevsky, A.; Sheshukov, A.; Zemskova, S. [JINR-Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); D' Ambrosio, N.; Di Marco, N.; Pupilli, F.; Schembri, A. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (L' Aquila) (Italy); De Serio, M.; Galati, G.; Muciaccia, M.T.; Simone, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Bari, Bari (Italy); INFN Sezione di Bari, Bari (Italy); Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Duchesneau, D.; Pessard, H.; Zghiche, A. [LAPP, Universite de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, Annecy-le-Vieux (France); Di Ferdinando, D.; Mandrioli, G.; Patrizii, L.; Sirri, G. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Dracos, M.; Jollet, C.; Meregaglia, A. [IPHC, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, Strasbourg (France); Fini, R.A.; Pastore, A. [INFN Sezione di Bari, Bari (Italy); Fukuda, T.; Ishida, H.; Matsuo, T.; Ogawa, S.; Shibuya, H. [Toho University, Funabashi (Japan); Giacomelli, G.; Mauri, N.; Pasqualini, L.; Pozzato, M.; Sioli, M.; Tenti, M. [INFN Sezione di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell' Universita di Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Goldberg, J. [Technion, Department of Physics, Haifa (Israel); Gustavino, C.; Monacelli, P. [INFN Sezione di Roma, Rome (Italy); Ishiguro, K.; Kitagawa, N.; Komatsu, M.; Morishima, K.; Naganawa, N.; Naka, T.; Nakamura, M.; Nakano, T.; Nakatsuka, Y.; Niwa, K.; Omura, T.; Rokujo, H.; Sato, O.; Shiraishi, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Jakovcic, K.; Klicek, B.; Ljubicic, A.; Malenica, M.; Stipcevic, M. [IRB-Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Kim, J.H.; Kim, S.H.; Park, B.D.; Park, I.G.; Yoon, C.S. [Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Kodama, K. [Aichi University of Education, Kariya, Aichi-Ken (Japan); Longhin, A.; Paoloni, A.; Spinetti, M.; Votano, L. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell' INFN, Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Loverre, P.; Rosa, G. [INFN Sezione di Roma, Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Roma ' ' La Sapienza' ' , Rome (Italy); Mikado, S. [Nihon University, Narashino, Chiba (Japan); Terranova, F. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell' INFN, Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Milano-Bicocca, Milan (Italy); Vilain, P.; Wilquet, G. [IIHE, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-07-15

    The OPERA detector, designed to search for ν{sub μ} → ν{sub τ} oscillations in the CNGS beam, is located in the underground Gran Sasso laboratory, a privileged location to study TeV-scale cosmic rays. For the analysis here presented, the detector was used to measure the atmospheric muon charge ratio in the TeV region. OPERA collected charge separated cosmic ray data between 2008 and 2012. More than 3 million atmospheric muon events were detected and reconstructed, among which about 110000 multiple muon bundles. The charge ratio R{sub μ} ≡ N{sub μ+}/N{sub μ-} was measured separately for single and for multiple muon events. The analysis exploited the inversion of the magnet polarity which was performed on purpose during the 2012 Run. The combination of the two data sets with opposite magnet polarities allowed minimizing systematic uncertainties and reaching an accurate determination of the muon charge ratio. Data were fitted to obtain relevant parameters on the composition of primary cosmic rays and the associated kaon production in the forward fragmentation region. In the surface energy range 1-20 TeV investigated by OPERA, R{sub μ} is well described by a parametric model including only pion and kaon contributions to the muon flux, showing no significant contribution of the prompt component. The energy independence supports the validity of Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region up to 200 TeV/nucleon primary energy. (orig.)

  17. Discussion on Music for Voices in Beijing Opera and Common Types of Meter for Music%谈京剧腔体与常用板式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世萍

    2014-01-01

    京剧的唱腔是塑造人物形象的主要艺术手段,它是由不同类型的声腔和板式,结合人物性格,戏剧冲突,唱词内容和语言特点来设计的。京剧的腔体主要分西皮、二黄两大腔系,合称皮黄腔。板式颇多,一段唱腔运用什么板式或几种板式,是根据剧情发展和人物感情变化及唱词内容等设计的,是一种综合运用。%The music for voices in Beijing Opera is a major artistic means of shaping characters, and it is designed with different types of tune and meter for music, combined with personalities, opera conflicts, libretto content and language characteristics. The music for voices in Beijing Opera is mainly divided into the two types as Xipi and Erhuang, collectively referred to as Pihuang. There are a lot of types of meter for music. What type of meter or which types of meter will be used for a piece of music is designed in accordance with plot development, the character's emotional change and libretto content, which is a kind of comprehensive application.

  18. Ricodificare la pittura? Uso reiterato dell'opera d'arte tra tableaux vivants e tecnologie della visione in Cindy Sherman e Sam Taylor Wood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunja Radetic

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A partire da alcune indicazione teoriche sugli studi di adattamento, ci proponiamo di tracciare una relazione con intuizioni simili emerse nell'ambito della storia dell'arte. Attraverso un percorso teorico e analisi due opere d'arte contemporanea di Cindy Sherman e Sam Taylor Wood, entrambe basate su precedenti della tradizione storico artistica, cercheremo di riflettere sugli effetti di ri-produzione di immagine come ri-produzione del senso in differita. La citazione intersistemica – pittura - tableau vivant - codificazione via tecnologie fotografica e video - opera a diversi livelli creando ambiguità tra i media e le immagini coinvolti. Questa mediazione produce effetti disturbanti sullo spettatore che si trova nella posizione di riconoscere nell'opera una tradizione visiva contaminata ed elusiva, che visualizza un senso latente e (riattiva le immagini della memoria. Per comprendere queste stratificazioni è necessario considerare l'opera e il suo sottotesto in termini di una temporalità condivisa in cui interagiscono immagini, media e memorie extratestuali.

  19. A Brief Discussion on Brecht and Chinese Opera%布莱希特与中国戏曲简论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王复民

    2014-01-01

    German dramatist Bertolt Brecht shows special preference to Chinese opera because in his eyes the expression techniques and patterns of Chinese opera are consistent with his so -called“defa-miliarization” and“alienation” theories.However , his ideas that the performances of Chinese opera performers are “calm” and in no need of emotion use , and that performers and roles “alienated” are wrong.%德国戏剧家布莱希特对中国戏曲情有独钟,因为他认为中国戏曲的表现方法及程式惯例与他的所谓“陌生化”及“间离”效果理论是一致的。不过他认为中国戏曲演员的表演是“冷静”的、不需要运用感情的以及演员与角色是“间离”的艺术观点则是错误的。

  20. OPERA- A CNES Tool to Monitor Short and Middle Term Uncontrolled Re-Entries Using Mean Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolado, J. C.; Agueda, A.; Aivar, L.; Tirado, J.

    2013-09-01

    Objects in Low-Earth Orbits (LEO) and Highly Elliptical Orbits (HEO) are subjected to decay and re- entry into the atmosphere due mainly to the drag force. While being this process the best solution to avoid the proliferation of debris in space and ensure the sustainability of future space activities, it implies a threat to the population on ground. Thus, the prediction of the in-orbit lifetime of an object and the evaluation of the risk on population and ground assets constitutes a crucial task. This paper will concentrate on the first of these tasks.Unfortunately the lifetime of an object in space is remarkably difficult to predict. This is mainly due to the dependence of the atmospheric drag on a number of uncertain elements such as the density profile and its dependence on the solar activity, the atmospheric conditions, the mass and surface area of the object (very difficult to evaluate), its uncontrolled attitude, etc.In this paper we will present a method for the prediction of this lifetime based on publicly available Two-Line Elements (TLEs) from the American USSTRATCOM's Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC). TLEs constitute an excellent source to access routinely orbital information for thousands of objects even though of their reduced and unpredictable accuracy.Additionally, the implementation of the method on a CNES's Java-based tool will be presented. This tool (OPERA) is executed routinely at CNES to predict the orbital lifetime of a whole catalogue of objects.