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Sample records for on-line viterbi algorithm

  1. On-line Viterbi Algorithm and Its Relationship to Random Walks

    CERN Document Server

    ?rámek, Rastislav; Vina?, Tomá?

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce the on-line Viterbi algorithm for decoding hidden Markov models (HMMs) in much smaller than linear space. Our analysis on two-state HMMs suggests that the expected maximum memory used to decode sequence of length $n$ with $m$-state HMM can be as low as $\\Theta(m\\log n)$, without a significant slow-down compared to the classical Viterbi algorithm. Classical Viterbi algorithm requires $O(mn)$ space, which is impractical for analysis of long DNA sequences (such as complete human genome chromosomes) and for continuous data streams. We also experimentally demonstrate the performance of the on-line Viterbi algorithm on a simple HMM for gene finding on both simulated and real DNA sequences.

  2. Space vehicle Viterbi decoder. [data converters, algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    The design and fabrication of an extremely low-power, constraint-length 7, rate 1/3 Viterbi decoder brassboard capable of operating at information rates of up to 100 kb/s is presented. The brassboard is partitioned to facilitate a later transition to an LSI version requiring even less power. The effect of soft-decision thresholds, path memory lengths, and output selection algorithms on the bit error rate is evaluated. A branch synchronization algorithm is compared with a more conventional approach. The implementation of the decoder and its test set (including all-digital noise source) are described along with the results of various system tests and evaluations. Results and recommendations are presented.

  3. The Viterbi Algorithm expressed in Constraint Handling Rules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Henning; Have, Christian Theil; Lassen, Ole Torp;

    2010-01-01

    The Viterbi algorithm is a classical example of a dynamic programming algorithm, in which pruning reduces the search space drastically, so that an otherwise exponential time complexity is reduced to linearity. The central steps of the algorithm, expansion and pruning, can be expressed in a concise...

  4. A quantum algorithm for Viterbi decoding of classical convolutional codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grice, Jon R.; Meyer, David A.

    2015-07-01

    We present a quantum Viterbi algorithm (QVA) with better than classical performance under certain conditions. In this paper, the proposed algorithm is applied to decoding classical convolutional codes, for instance, large constraint length and short decode frames . Other applications of the classical Viterbi algorithm where is large (e.g., speech processing) could experience significant speedup with the QVA. The QVA exploits the fact that the decoding trellis is similar to the butterfly diagram of the fast Fourier transform, with its corresponding fast quantum algorithm. The tensor-product structure of the butterfly diagram corresponds to a quantum superposition that we show can be efficiently prepared. The quantum speedup is possible because the performance of the QVA depends on the fanout (number of possible transitions from any given state in the hidden Markov model) which is in general much less than . The QVA constructs a superposition of states which correspond to all legal paths through the decoding lattice, with phase as a function of the probability of the path being taken given received data. A specialized amplitude amplification procedure is applied one or more times to recover a superposition where the most probable path has a high probability of being measured.

  5. Advanced indoor localisation based on the Viterbi algorithm and semantic data

    OpenAIRE

    Trogh, Jens; Plets, David; Martens, Luc; Joseph, Wout

    2015-01-01

    In this work a real-time indoor localisation system based on the Viterbi algorithm is developed. This Viterbi principle is used in combination with semantic data to improve the accuracy: i.e., the environment of the object that is being tracked and an adjustable maximum speed. The developed algorithm was verified by simulations and with experiments in a building-wide testbed for sensor and WiFi experiments. Compared to a reference algorithm without Viterbi or semantic data, the results indica...

  6. Efficient multiple layer boundary detection in ground-penetrating radar data using an extended Viterbi algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smock, Brandon; Wilson, Joseph

    2012-06-01

    In landmine detection using vehicle-mounted ground-penetrating radar (GPR) systems, ground tracking has proven to be an eective pre-processing step. Identifying the ground can aid in the correction of distortions in downtrack radar data, which can result in the reduction of false alarms due to ground anomalies. However, the air-ground interface is not the only layer boundary detectable by GPR systems. Multiple layers can exist within the ground, and these layers are of particular importance because they give rise to anomalous signatures below the ground surface, where target signatures will typically reside. In this paper, an ecient method is proposed for performing multiple ground layer-identication in GPR data. The method is an extension of the dynamic programming-based Viterbi algorithm, nding not only the globally optimal path, which can be associated with the ground surface, but also locally optimal paths that can be associated with distinct layer boundaries within the ground. In contrast with the Viterbi algorithm, this extended method is uniquely suited to detecting not only multiple layers that span the entire antenna array, but also layers that span only a subset of the channels of the array. Furthermore, it is able to accomplish this while retaining the ecient nature of the original Viterbi scheme.

  7. Ballistic missile precession frequency extraction based on the Viterbi & Kalman algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Longlong; Xie, Yongjie; Xu, Daping; Ren, Li

    2015-12-01

    Radar Micro-Doppler signatures are of great potential for target detection, classification and recognition. In the mid-course phase, warheads flying outside the atmosphere are usually accompanied by precession. Precession may induce additional frequency modulations on the returned radar signal, which can be regarded as a unique signature and provide additional information that is complementary to existing target recognition methods. The main purpose of this paper is to establish a more actual precession model of conical ballistic missile warhead and extract the precession parameters by utilizing Viterbi & Kalman algorithm, which improving the precession frequency estimation accuracy evidently , especially in low SNR.

  8. VLSI Architecture for Configurable and Low-Complexity Design of Hard-Decision Viterbi Decoding Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmad Vidya Wicaksana Putra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Convolutional encoding and data decoding are fundamental processes in convolutional error correction. One of the most popular error correction methods in decoding is the Viterbi algorithm. It is extensively implemented in many digital communication applications. Its VLSI design challenges are about area, speed, power, complexity and configurability. In this research, we specifically propose a VLSI architecture for a configurable and low-complexity design of a hard-decision Viterbi decoding algorithm. The configurable and low-complexity design is achieved by designing a generic VLSI architecture, optimizing each processing element (PE at the logical operation level and designing a conditional adapter. The proposed design can be configured for any predefined number of trace-backs, only by changing the trace-back parameter value. Its computational process only needs N + 2 clock cycles latency, with N is the number of trace-backs. Its configurability function has been proven for N = 8, N = 16, N = 32 and N = 64. Furthermore, the proposed design was synthesized and evaluated in Xilinx and Altera FPGA target boards for area consumption and speed performance.

  9. Implementing EM and Viterbi algorithms for Hidden Markov Model in linear memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winters-Hilt Stephen

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Baum-Welch learning procedure for Hidden Markov Models (HMMs provides a powerful tool for tailoring HMM topologies to data for use in knowledge discovery and clustering. A linear memory procedure recently proposed by Miklós, I. and Meyer, I.M. describes a memory sparse version of the Baum-Welch algorithm with modifications to the original probabilistic table topologies to make memory use independent of sequence length (and linearly dependent on state number. The original description of the technique has some errors that we amend. We then compare the corrected implementation on a variety of data sets with conventional and checkpointing implementations. Results We provide a correct recurrence relation for the emission parameter estimate and extend it to parameter estimates of the Normal distribution. To accelerate estimation of the prior state probabilities, and decrease memory use, we reverse the originally proposed forward sweep. We describe different scaling strategies necessary in all real implementations of the algorithm to prevent underflow. In this paper we also describe our approach to a linear memory implementation of the Viterbi decoding algorithm (with linearity in the sequence length, while memory use is approximately independent of state number. We demonstrate the use of the linear memory implementation on an extended Duration Hidden Markov Model (DHMM and on an HMM with a spike detection topology. Comparing the various implementations of the Baum-Welch procedure we find that the checkpointing algorithm produces the best overall tradeoff between memory use and speed. In cases where sequence length is very large (for Baum-Welch, or state number is very large (for Viterbi, the linear memory methods outlined may offer some utility. Conclusion Our performance-optimized Java implementations of Baum-Welch algorithm are available at http://logos.cs.uno.edu/~achurban. The described method and implementations will aid

  10. Minimum decoding trellis length and truncation depth of wrap-around Viterbi algorithm for TBCC in mobile WiMAX

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Yu-Sun; Tsai Yao-Yu

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The performance of the wrap-around Viterbi decoding algorithm with finite truncation depth and fixed decoding trellis length is investigated for tail-biting convolutional codes in the mobile WiMAX standard. Upper bounds on the error probabilities induced by finite truncation depth and the uncertainty of the initial state are derived for the AWGN channel. The truncation depth and the decoding trellis length that yield negligible performance loss are obtained for all transmission rates...

  11. A Pitch Detection Algorithm for Continuous Speech Signals Using Viterbi Traceback with Temporal Forgetting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bartošek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a pitch-detection algorithm (PDA for application to signals containing continuous speech. The core of the method is based on merged normalized forward-backward correlation (MNFBC working in the time domain with the ability to make basic voicing decisions. In addition, the Viterbi traceback procedure is used for post-processing the MNFBC output considering the three best fundamental frequency (F0 candidates in each step. This should make the final pitch contour smoother, and should also prevent octave errors. In transition probabilities computation between F0 candidates, two major improvements were made over existing post-processing methods. Firstly, we compare pitch distance in musical cent units. Secondly, temporal forgetting is applied in order to avoid penalizing pitch jumps after prosodic pauses of one speaker or changes in pitch connected with turn-taking in dialogs. Results computed on a pitchreference database definitely show the benefit of the first improvement, but they have not yet proved any benefits of temporal modification. We assume this only happened due to the nature of the reference corpus, which had a small amount of suprasegmental content.

  12. Implementation of a Tour Guide Robot System Using RFID Technology and Viterbi Algorithm-Based HMM for Speech Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neng-Sheng Pai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper applied speech recognition and RFID technologies to develop an omni-directional mobile robot into a robot with voice control and guide introduction functions. For speech recognition, the speech signals were captured by short-time processing. The speaker first recorded the isolated words for the robot to create speech database of specific speakers. After the speech pre-processing of this speech database, the feature parameters of cepstrum and delta-cepstrum were obtained using linear predictive coefficient (LPC. Then, the Hidden Markov Model (HMM was used for model training of the speech database, and the Viterbi algorithm was used to find an optimal state sequence as the reference sample for speech recognition. The trained reference model was put into the industrial computer on the robot platform, and the user entered the isolated words to be tested. After processing by the same reference model and comparing with previous reference model, the path of the maximum total probability in various models found using the Viterbi algorithm in the recognition was the recognition result. Finally, the speech recognition and RFID systems were achieved in an actual environment to prove its feasibility and stability, and implemented into the omni-directional mobile robot.

  13. A Fully Parallel VLSI-implementation of the Viterbi Decoding Algorithm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparsø, Jens; Jørgensen, Henrik Nordtorp; Paaske, Erik

    1989-01-01

    In this paper we describe the implementation of a K = 7, R = 1/2 single-chip Viterbi decoder intended to operate at 10-20 Mbit/sec. We propose a general, regular and area efficient floor-plan that is also suitable for implementation of decoders for codes with different generator polynomials or di...... above 26 MHz under worst-case conditions (VDD = 4.75 V and TA = 70 °C)....

  14. Very Low Power Viterbi Decoder Employing Minimum Transition and Exchangeless Algorithms for Multimedia Mobile Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. S. L. Haridas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A very low power consumption viterbi decoder has been developed by low supply voltage and 0.15 µm CMOS process technology. Significant power reduction can be achieved by modifying the design and implementation of viterbi decoder using conventional techniques traceback and Register Exchange to Hybrid Register Exchange Method (HREM, Minimum Transition Register Exchange Method (MTREM, Minimum Transition Hybrid Register Exchange Method (MTHREM, Register exchangeless Method and Hybrid Register exchangeless Method. By employing the above said schemes such as, HREM, MTREM, MTHREM, Register exchangeless Method and Hybrid Register exchangeless Method; the viterbi decoder achieves a drastic reduction in power consumption below 100 µW at a supply voltage of 1.62 V when the data rate of 5 Mb/s and the bit error rate is less than 10-3. This excellent performance has been paved the way to employing the strong forward error correction and low power consumption portable terminals for personnel communication, mobile multimedia communication and digital audio broadcasting. Implementation insight and general conclusions can particularly benefit from this approach are given.

  15. Minimum decoding trellis length and truncation depth of wrap-around Viterbi algorithm for TBCC in mobile WiMAX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yu-Sun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The performance of the wrap-around Viterbi decoding algorithm with finite truncation depth and fixed decoding trellis length is investigated for tail-biting convolutional codes in the mobile WiMAX standard. Upper bounds on the error probabilities induced by finite truncation depth and the uncertainty of the initial state are derived for the AWGN channel. The truncation depth and the decoding trellis length that yield negligible performance loss are obtained for all transmission rates over the Rayleigh channel using computer simulations. The results show that the circular decoding algorithm with an appropriately chosen truncation depth and a decoding trellis just a fraction longer than the original received code words can achieve almost the same performance as the optimal maximum likelihood decoding algorithm in mobile WiMAX. A rule of thumb for the values of the truncation depth and the trellis tail length is also proposed.

  16. Pipelined Viterbi Decoder Using FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayel Al-Zubi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Convolutional encoding is used in almost all digital communication systems to get better gain in BER (Bit Error Rate, and all applications needs high throughput rate. The Viterbi algorithm is the solution in decoding process. The nonlinear and feedback nature of the Viterbi decoder makes its high speed implementation harder. One of promising approaches to get high throughput in the Viterbi decoder is to introduce a pipelining. This work applies a carry-save technique, which gets the advantage that the critical path in the ACS feedback becomes in one direction and get rid of carry ripple in the “Add” part of ACS unit. In this simulation and implementation show how this technique will improve the throughput of the Viterbi decoder. The design complexities for the bit-pipelined architecture are evaluated and demonstrated using Verilog HDL simulation. And a general algorithm in software that simulates a Viterbi Decoder was developed. Our research is concerned with implementation of the Viterbi Decoders for Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA. Generally FPGA's are slower than custom integrated circuits but can be configured in the lab in few hours as compared to fabrication which takes few months. The design implemented using Verilog HDL and synthesized for Xilinx FPGA's.

  17. Viterbi-bidirectional Searching Based ML Decoding Algorithm for Tail-biting Codes%基于Viterbi-双向搜索的咬尾码最大似然译码算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓涛; 钱骅; 康凯

    2013-01-01

    There exist two problems with the conventional Maximal Likelihood (ML) decoding algorithms: high decoding complexity and large memory space consumption. To solve these problems, a new algorithm that is based on Viterbi and bidirectional searching algorithm is proposed. By comparing the accumulated path metrics of survived paths with the path metric of ML tail-biting path, all of which are obtained in the Viterbi searching phase, the new algorithm deletes impossible starting states and their corresponding sub-tail-biting trellises to reduce the searching space for the second phase. In the second phase, the decoding complexity can be further reduced by comparing the path metric of ML tail-biting path with the threshold used in the bidirectional searching algorithm. Combing the Viterbi algorithm and bidirectional searching algorithm, a new ML decoding algorithm for tail-biting codes, which can be performed on tail-biting trellis with high efficiency, is obtained. The results of experiments show that the new algorithm improves the decoding efficiency and reduces the memory space consumption.%  传统咬尾码最大似然(ML)译码算法在译码时存在两个问题:复杂度高和消耗存储空间大。针对这两个问题,该文提出了一种基于Viterbi算法和双向搜索算法的最大似然译码算法。新算法利用Viterbi算法得到的幸存路径度量值与最大似然咬尾路径度量值的关系,删除不可能的起始状态及其对应的咬尾格形子图,缩小搜索空间;然后利用双向搜索算法中门限值与最大似然咬尾路径度量值的关系来降低双向搜索算法的复杂度,从而得到一种在咬尾格形图上高效率的最大似然译码算法。新的最大似然译码算法不仅降低了译码复杂度,同时降低了译码器对存储空间的需求。

  18. Algorithms for semi on-line multiprocessor scheduling problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In the classical multiprocessor scheduling problems, it is assumed that the problems are considered in off-line or on-line environment. But in practice, problems are often not really off-line or on-line but somehow in between. This means that, with respect to the on-line problem, some further information about the tasks is available, which allows the improvement of the performance of the best possible algorithms. Problems of this class are called semi on-line ones. The authors studied two semi on-line multiprocessor scheduling problems, in which, the total processing time of all tasks is known in advance, or all processing times lie in a given interval. They proposed approximation algorithms for minimizing the makespan and analyzed their performance guarantee. The algorithms improve the known results for 3 or more processor cases in the literature.

  19. On-line EM algorithm for the normalized gaussian network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, M; Ishii, S

    2000-02-01

    A normalized gaussian network (NGnet) (Moody & Darken, 1989) is a network of local linear regression units. The model softly partitions the input space by normalized gaussian functions, and each local unit linearly approximates the output within the partition. In this article, we propose a new on-line EMalgorithm for the NGnet, which is derived from the batch EMalgorithm (Xu, Jordan, &Hinton 1995), by introducing a discount factor. We show that the on-line EM algorithm is equivalent to the batch EM algorithm if a specific scheduling of the discount factor is employed. In addition, we show that the on-line EM algorithm can be considered as a stochastic approximation method to find the maximum likelihood estimator. A new regularization method is proposed in order to deal with a singular input distribution. In order to manage dynamic environments, where the input-output distribution of data changes over time, unit manipulation mechanisms such as unit production, unit deletion, and unit division are also introduced based on probabilistic interpretation. Experimental results show that our approach is suitable for function approximation problems in dynamic environments. We also apply our on-line EM algorithm to robot dynamics problems and compare our algorithm with the mixtures-of-experts family.

  20. Linewidth tolerance of digital coherent receiver using Viterbi & Viterbi RF carrier recovery for radio-over-fibre links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guerrero Gonzalez, Neil; Zibar, Darko; Larsen, Knud J.

    2009-01-01

    for phase-modulated RoF optical links (2). The RF signal processing in (2) is performed using maximum likelihood RF carrier phase estimation (2). In this paper, we investigate the performance of the proposed digital coherent receiver in (2) using feedforward Viterbi & Viterbi RF carrier recovery algorithm...

  1. On-line learning algorithms for locally recurrent neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campolucci, P; Uncini, A; Piazza, F; Rao, B D

    1999-01-01

    This paper focuses on on-line learning procedures for locally recurrent neural networks with emphasis on multilayer perceptron (MLP) with infinite impulse response (IIR) synapses and its variations which include generalized output and activation feedback multilayer networks (MLN's). We propose a new gradient-based procedure called recursive backpropagation (RBP) whose on-line version, causal recursive backpropagation (CRBP), presents some advantages with respect to the other on-line training methods. The new CRBP algorithm includes as particular cases backpropagation (BP), temporal backpropagation (TBP), backpropagation for sequences (BPS), Back-Tsoi algorithm among others, thereby providing a unifying view on gradient calculation techniques for recurrent networks with local feedback. The only learning method that has been proposed for locally recurrent networks with no architectural restriction is the one by Back and Tsoi. The proposed algorithm has better stability and higher speed of convergence with respect to the Back-Tsoi algorithm, which is supported by the theoretical development and confirmed by simulations. The computational complexity of the CRBP is comparable with that of the Back-Tsoi algorithm, e.g., less that a factor of 1.5 for usual architectures and parameter settings. The superior performance of the new algorithm, however, easily justifies this small increase in computational burden. In addition, the general paradigms of truncated BPTT and RTRL are applied to networks with local feedback and compared with the new CRBP method. The simulations show that CRBP exhibits similar performances and the detailed analysis of complexity reveals that CRBP is much simpler and easier to implement, e.g., CRBP is local in space and in time while RTRL is not local in space.

  2. High Speed Frame Synchronization and Viterbi Decoding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Erik; Justesen, Jørn; Larsen, Knud J.

    1998-01-01

    The study has been divided into two phases. The purpose of Phase 1 of the study was to describe the system structure and algorithms in sufficient detail to allow drawing the high level architecture of units containing frame synchronization and Viterbi decoding. After selection of which specific...... separated by a sync marker and protected by error-correcting codes. We first give a survey of trends within the area of space modulation systems. We then discuss and define the interfaces and operating modes of the relevant system components. We present a list of system configurations that we find...... potentially useful.Algorithms for frame synchronization are described and analyzed. Further, the high level architecture of units that contain frame synchronization and various other functions needed in a complete system is presented. Two such units are described, one for placement before the Viterbi decoder...

  3. High Speed Frame Synchronization and Viterbi Decoding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Erik; Justesen, Jørn; Larsen, Knud J.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of Phase 1 of the study is to describe the system structure and algorithms in sufficient detail to allow drawing the high level architecture of units containing frame synchronization and Viterbi decoding. The systems we consider are high data rate space communication systems. Also......, the systems use some form of QPSK modulation and transmit data in frames separated by a sync marker and protected by error-correcting codes. We first give a survey of trends within the area of space modulation systems. We then discuss and define the interfaces and operating modes of the relevant system...... components. Node synchronization performed within a Viterbi decoder is discussed, and algorithms for frame synchronization are described and analyzed. We present a list of system configurations that we find potentially useful. Further, the high level architecture of units that contain frame synchronization...

  4. Comparative investigation into Viterbi based and multiple hypothesis based track stitching

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van der Merwe, LJ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study a comparative analysis is performed between a novel Viterbi based and multiple hypothesis based track stitching algorithms. The track fragments in the Viterbi based track stitching algorithm are modelled as nodes in a trellis structure...

  5. DSP Specific Optimized Implementation of Viterbi Decoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yame Asfia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Due to the rapid changing and flexibility of Wireless Communication protocols, there is a desire to move from hardware to software/firmware implementation in DSPs. High data rate requirements suggest highly optimized firmware implementation in terms of execution speed and high memory requirements. This paper suggests optimization levels for the implementation of a viable Viterbi decoding algorithm (rate ½ on a commercial off-the-shelf DSP.

  6. A Low Power Viterbi Decoder for Trellis Coded Modulation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Jansi Rani

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Forward Error Correction (FEC schemes are an essential component of wireless communication systems. Convolutional codes are employed to implement FEC but the complexity of corresponding decoders increases exponentially according to the constraint length. Present wireless standards such as Third generation (3G systems, GSM, 802.11A, 802.16 utilize some configuration of convolutional coding. Convolutional encoding with Viterbi decoding is a powerful method for forward error correction. Viterbi algorithm is the most extensively employed decoding algorithm for convolutional codes. The main aim of this project is to design FPGA based Viterbi algorithm which encrypts / decrypts the data. In this project the encryption / decryption algorithm is designed and programmed in to the FPGA.

  7. The Study on On-line Scheduling Algorithm of Imprecise Computation under Transient Overload

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEIZhenhua; HONGBingrong; QIAOYongqiang; CAIZesu; PENGJunjie

    2003-01-01

    Transient overload always occurs in realtime computer system. An on-line scheduling algorithm of imprecise computation is proposed in this paper to deal with it. This algorithm can be sure of getting acceptable computation result under the condition of overload, and at the same time it can improve the computation precision as much as possible. The system model of imprecise computation and the on-line imprecise computation algorithm are elaborated. And the algorithm is proved correct by simulation.

  8. On-line Scheduling Algorithm for Penicillin Fed-batch Fermentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Yao-feng; YUAN Jing-qi

    2005-01-01

    An on-line scheduling algorithm to maximize gross profit of penicillin fed-batch fermentation is proposed. According to the on-line classification method, fed-batch fermentation batches are classified into three categories. Using the scheduling strategy, the optimal termination sequence of batches is obtained. Pseudo on-line simulations for testing the proposed algorithm with the data from industrial scale penicillin fermentation are carried out.

  9. A VLSI design for a trace-back Viterbi decoder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, T. K.; Shih, Ming-Tang; Reed, Irving S.; Satorius, E. H.

    1992-01-01

    A systolic Viterbi decoder for convolutional codes is developed which uses the trace-back method to reduce the amount of data needed to be stored in registers. It is shown that this new algorithm requires a smaller chip size and achieves a faster decoding time than other existing methods.

  10. Convolutional Encoder and Viterbi Decoder Using SOPC For Variable Constraint Length

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kulkarni, Anuradha; Dnyaneshwar, Mantri; Prasad, Neeli R.;

    2013-01-01

    Convolution encoder and Viterbi decoder are the basic and important blocks in any Code Division Multiple Accesses (CDMA). They are widely used in communication system due to their error correcting capability But the performance degrades with variable constraint length. In this context to have...... detailed analysis, this paper deals with the implementation of convolution encoder and Viterbi decoder using system on programming chip (SOPC). It uses variable constraint length of 7, 8 and 9 bits for 1/2 and 1/3 code rates. By analyzing the Viterbi algorithm it is seen that our algorithm has a better...

  11. The derivation of on-line algorithms, with an application to finding palindromes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeuring, J.T.

    1994-01-01

    A theory for the derivation of on-line algorithms is presented. The algorithms are derived in the Bird-Meertens calculus for program transformations. This calculus provides a concise functional notation for algorithms, and a few powerful theorems for proving equalities of functions. The

  12. High Speed Viterbi Decoder Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Erik; Andersen, Jakob Dahl

    1998-01-01

    The fastest commercially available Viterbi decoders for the (171,133) standard rate 1/2 code operate with a decoding speed of 40-50 Mbit/s (net data rate). In this paper we present a suitable architecture for decoders operating with decoding speeds of 150-300 Mbit/s.......The fastest commercially available Viterbi decoders for the (171,133) standard rate 1/2 code operate with a decoding speed of 40-50 Mbit/s (net data rate). In this paper we present a suitable architecture for decoders operating with decoding speeds of 150-300 Mbit/s....

  13. On-line least squares support vector machine algorithm in gas prediction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Xiao-hu; WANG Gang; ZHAO Ke-ke; TAN De-jian

    2009-01-01

    Traditional coal mine safety prediction methods are off-line and do not have dynamic prediction functions. The Support Vector Machine (SVM) is a new machine learning algorithm that has excellent properties. The least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) algorithm is an improved algorithm of SVM. But the common LS-SVM algorithm, used directly in safety predictions, has some problems. We have first studied gas prediction problems and the basic theory of LS-SVM. Given these problems, we have investigated the affect of the time factor about safety prediction and present an on-line prediction algorithm, based on LS-SVM. Finally, given our observed data, we used the on-line algorithm to predict gas emissions and used other related algorithm to com- pare its performance. The simulation results have verified the validity of the new algorithm.

  14. Voice activity detection based on deep neural networks and Viterbi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Liang; Zhang, Zhen; Hu, Jun

    2017-09-01

    Voice Activity Detection (VAD) is important in speech processing. In the applications, the systems usually need to separate speech/non-speech parts, so that only the speech part can be dealt with. How to improve the performances of VAD in different noisy environments is an important issue in speech processing. Deep Neural network, which proves its efficiency in speech recognition, has been widely used in recent years. This paper studies the present typical VAD algorithms, and presents a new VAD algorithm based on deep neural networks and Viterbi algorithm. The result demonstrates the effectiveness of the deep neural network with Viterbi used in VAD. In addition, it shows the flexibility and the real-time performance of the algorithms.

  15. On-line blind source separation algorithm based on second order statistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    An on-line blind source separation (BSS) algorithm is presented in this paper under the assumption that sources are temporarily correlated signals. By using only some of the observed samples in a recursive calculation, the whitening matrix and the rotation matrix could be approximately obtained through the measurement of only one cost function. Simulations show good performance of the algorithm.

  16. A least mean squares CUBIC algorithm for on-line differential of sampled analog signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allum, J. H. J.

    1975-01-01

    A digital computer algorithm is developed for on-line time differentiation of sampled analog voltage signals. The derivative is obtained by employing a least mean squares technique. The recursive algorithm results in a considerable reduction in computer time compared to a complete new solution of the normal equations each time a new data point is accepted. Implementation of the algorithm on a digital computer is discussed. Examples are simulated on a DEC PDP-8 computer.

  17. A New Algorithm for On- Line Handwriting Signature Verification Based on Evolutionary Computation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Jianbin; ZHU Guangxi

    2006-01-01

    The paper proposes an on-line signature verification algorithm, through which test sample and template signatures can be optimizedly matched, based on evolutionary computation (EC). Firstly, the similarity of signature curve segment is defined, and shift and scale transforms are also introduced due to the randoness of on-line signature. Secondly,this paper puts forward signature verification matching algorithm after establishment of the mathematical model. Thirdly, the concrete realization of the algorithm based on EC is discussed as well. In addition, the influence of shift and scale on the matching result is fully considered in the algorithm.Finally, a computation example is given, and the matching results between the test sample curve and the template signature curve are analyzed in detail. The preliminary experiments reveal that the type of signature verification problem can be solved by EC.

  18. Lower bounds for 1-, 2- and 3-dimensional on-line bin packing algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Galambos; A. van Vliet (André)

    1994-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we discuss lower bounds for the asymptotic worst case ratio of on-line algorithms for different kind of bin packing problems. Recently, Galambos and Frenk gave a simple proof of the 1.536 ... lower bound for the 1-dimensional bin packing problem. Following their ideas, we p

  19. Implementation of Convolution Encoder and Viterbi Decoder for Constraint Length 7 and Bit Rate 1/2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Sandesh Y.M

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Convolutional codes are non blocking codes that can be designed to either error detecting or correcting. Convolution coding has been used in communication systems including deep space communication and wireless communication. At the receiver end the original message sequence is obtained from the received data using Viterbi decoder. It implements Viterbi Algorithm which is a maximum likelihood algorithm, based on the minimum cumulative hamming distance it decides the optimal trellis path that is most likely followed at the encoder. In this paper I present the convolution encoder and Viterbi decoder for constraint length 7 and bit rate 1/2.

  20. An on-line algorithm for creating self-organizing fuzzy neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Gang; Prasad, Girijesh; McGinnity, Thomas Martin

    2004-12-01

    This paper presents a new on-line algorithm for creating a self-organizing fuzzy neural network (SOFNN) from sample patterns to implement a singleton or Takagi-Sugeno (TS) type fuzzy model. The SOFNN is based on ellipsoidal basis function (EBF) neurons consisting of a center vector and a width vector. New methods of the structure learning and the parameter learning, based on new adding and pruning techniques and a recursive on-line learning algorithm, are proposed and developed. A proof of the convergence of both the estimation error and the linear network parameters is also given in the paper. The proposed methods are very simple and effective and generate a fuzzy neural model with a high accuracy and compact structure. Simulation work shows that the SOFNN has the capability of self-organization to determine the structure and parameters of the network automatically.

  1. Adaptive Deployment Method for Virtualized Network Function Based on Viterbi Algorithm%一种基于Viterbi算法的虚拟网络功能自适应部署方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩霞; 卢干强; 汤红波; 王晓雷; 赵宇

    2016-01-01

    In order to deal with the explosive growth of mobile data traffic, a novel design of network architecture will be adopted in 5G. Software Defined Network (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) are the key technologies for network transformation, which will drive the innovation of mobile communication network architecture. The deployment of Virtualized Network Function (VNF) in service chain is a critical issue in network virtualization. To overcome the ignorance of VNF sequence constraints in service chain and the characteristics of mobile business in existing literatures, an adaptive deployment method of VNF based on Viterbi algorithm is proposed. With real-time perception of the resources change of underlying nodes, the topology structure will be adjusted dynamically. Hidden Markov model is used to describe the topology information of available nodes with resources constraints in underlying network, and the service path with shortest delay is selected based on Viterbi algorithm in candidate service node. Experimental results show that the process time of service chain can be lower compared with existing algorithm. In addition, the acceptance rates of service chain requests and cost efficiency of underlying resources are also raised.%为了应对移动数据流量的爆炸性增长,5G移动通信网将引入新型的架构设计.软件定义网络和网络功能虚拟化是网络转型的关键技术,将驱动移动通信网络架构的创新,服务链虚拟网络功能的部署是网络虚拟化研究中亟待解决的问题.该文针对已有部署方法未考虑服务链中虚拟网络功能间顺序约束和移动业务特点的问题,提出一种基于Viterbi算法的虚拟网络功能自适应部署方法.该方法实时感知底层节点的资源变化并动态调整拓扑结构,采用隐马尔科夫模型描述满足资源约束的可用的底层网络节点拓扑信息,基于Viterbi算法在候选节点中选择时延最短的服务路径.

  2. Control and monitoring of on-line trigger algorithms using a SCADA system

    CERN Document Server

    van Herwijnen, E; Barczyk, A; Damodaran, B; Frank, M; Gaidioz, B; Gaspar, C; Jacobsson, R; Jost, B; Neufeld, N; Bonifazi, F; Callot, O; Lopes, H

    2006-01-01

    LHCb [1] has an integrated Experiment Control System (ECS) [2], based on the commercial SCADA system PVSS [3]. The novelty of this approach is that, in addition to the usual control and monitoring of experimental equipment, it provides control and monitoring for software processes, namely the on-line trigger algorithms. Algorithms based on Gaudi [4] (the LHCb software framework) compute the trigger decisions on an event filter farm of around 2000 PCs. Gaucho [5], the GAUdi Component Helping Online, was developed to allow the control and monitoring of Gaudi algorithms. Using Gaucho, algorithms can be monitored from the run control system provided by the ECS. To achieve this, Gaucho implements a hierarchical control system using Finite State Machines. In this article we describe the Gaucho architecture, the experience of monitoring a large number of software processes and some requirements for future extensions.

  3. On-line topical importance estimation: an effective focused crawling algorithm combining link and content analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Can WANG; Zi-yu GUAN; Chun CHEN; Jia-jun BU; Jun-feng WANG; Huai-zhong LIN

    2009-01-01

    Focused crawling is an important technique for topical resource discovery on the Web. The key issue in focusedcrawling is to prioritize uncrawled uniform resource locators (URLs) in the frontier to focus the crawling on relevant pages.Traditional focused crawlers mainly rely on content analysis. Link-based techniques are not effectively exploited despite their usefulness. In this paper, we propose a new frontier prioritizing algorithm, namely the on-line topical importance estimation (OTIE) algorithm. OTIE combines link-and content-based analysis to evaluate the priority of an uncrawled URL in the frontier. We performed real crawling experiments over 30 topics selected from the Open Directory Project (ODP) and compared harvest rate and target recall of the four crawling algorithms: breadth-first, link-context-prediction, on-line page importance computation (OPlC) and our OTIE. Experimental results showed that OTIE significantly outperforms the other three algorithms on the average target recall while maintaining an acceptable harvest rate. Moreover, OTIE is much faster than the traditional focused crawling algorithm.

  4. Artificial Chattering Free on-line Modified Sliding Mode Algorithm: Applied in Continuum Robot Manipulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mahdi Ebrahimi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this research, an artificial chattering free adaptive fuzzy modified sliding mode control design and application to continuum robotic manipulator has proposed in order to design high performance nonlinear controller in the presence of uncertainties. Regarding to the positive points in sliding mode controller, fuzzy logic controller and online tuning method, the output improves. Each method by adding to the previous controller has covered negative points. The main target in this research is design of model free estimator on-line sliding mode fuzzy algorithm for continuum robot manipulator to reach an acceptable performance. Continuum robot manipulators are highly nonlinear, and a number of parameters are uncertain, therefore design model free controller by both analytical and empirical paradigms are the main goal. Although classical sliding mode methodology has acceptable performance with known dynamic parameters such as stability and robustness but there are two important disadvantages as below: chattering phenomenon and mathematical nonlinear dynamic equivalent controller part. To solve the chattering fuzzy logic inference applied instead of dead zone function. To solve the equivalent problems in classical sliding mode controller this paper focuses on applied on-line tuning method in classical controller. This algorithm works very well in certain and uncertain environment. The system performance in sliding mode controller is sensitive to the sliding function. Therefore, compute the optimum value of sliding function for a system is the next challenge. This problem has solved by adjusting sliding function of the on-line method continuously in real-time. In this way, the overall system performance has improved with respect to the classical sliding mode controller. This controller solved chattering phenomenon as well as mathematical nonlinear equivalent part by applied modified PID supervisory method in modified fuzzy sliding mode controller and

  5. Scheduling to minimize average completion time: Off-line and on-line algorithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, L.A. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Shmoys, D.B. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Wein, J. [Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Time-indexed linear programming formulations have recently received a great deal of attention for their practical effectiveness in solving a number of single-machine scheduling problems. We show that these formulations are also an important tool in the design of approximation algorithms with good worst-case performance guarantees. We give simple new rounding techniques to convert an optimal fractional solution into a feasible schedule for which we can prove a constant-factor performance guarantee, thereby giving the first theoretical evidence of the strength of these relaxations. Specifically, we consider the problem of minimizing the total weighted job completion time on a single machine subject to precedence constraints, and give a polynomial-time (4 + {epsilon})-approximation algorithm, for any {epsilon} > 0; the best previously known guarantee for this problem was superlogarithmic. With somewhat larger constants, we also show how to extend this result to the case with release date constraints, and still more generally, to the case with m identical parallel machines. We give two other techniques for problems in which there are release dates, but no precedence constraints: the first is based on other new LP rounding algorithms, whereas the second is a general framework for designing on-line algorithms to minimize the total weighted completion time.

  6. Throughput Optimal On-Line Algorithms for Advanced Resource Reservation in Ultra High-Speed Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Reuven; Starobinski, David

    2007-01-01

    Advanced channel reservation is emerging as an important feature of ultra high-speed networks requiring the transfer of large files. Applications include scientific data transfers and database backup. In this paper, we present two new, on-line algorithms for advanced reservation, called BatchAll and BatchLim, that are guaranteed to achieve optimal throughput performance, based on multi-commodity flow arguments. Both algorithms are shown to have polynomial-time complexity and provable bounds on the maximum delay for 1+epsilon bandwidth augmented networks. The BatchLim algorithm returns the completion time of a connection immediately as a request is placed, but at the expense of a slightly looser competitive ratio than that of BatchAll. We also present a simple approach that limits the number of parallel paths used by the algorithms while provably bounding the maximum reduction factor in the transmission throughput. We show that, although the number of different paths can be exponentially large, the actual numb...

  7. Ecodriver. D23.1: Report on test scenarios for val-idation of on-line vehicle algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seewald, P.; Ivens, T.W.T.; Spronkmans, S.

    2014-01-01

    This deliverable provides a description of test scenarios that will be used for validation of WP22’s on-line vehicle algorithms. These algorithms consist of the two modules VE³ (Vehicle Energy and Environment Estimator) and RSG (Reference Signal Genera-tor) and will be tested using the Matlab/Simuli

  8. AI-BL1.0: a program for automatic on-line beamline optimization using the evolutionary algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Shibo; Borgna, Lucas Santiago; Zheng, Lirong; Du, Yonghua; Hu, Tiandou

    2017-01-01

    In this report, AI-BL1.0, an open-source Labview-based program for automatic on-line beamline optimization, is presented. The optimization algorithms used in the program are Genetic Algorithm and Differential Evolution. Efficiency was improved by use of a strategy known as Observer Mode for Evolutionary Algorithm. The program was constructed and validated at the XAFCA beamline of the Singapore Synchrotron Light Source and 1W1B beamline of the Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility.

  9. FPGA Realization of Memory 10 Viterbi Decoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Erik; Bach, Thomas Bo; Andersen, Jakob Dahl

    1997-01-01

    sequence mode when feedback from the Reed-Solomon decoder is available. The Viterbi decoder is realized using two Altera FLEX 10K50 FPGA's. The overall operating speed is 30 kbit/s, and since up to three iterations are performed for each frame and only one decoder is used, the operating speed...

  10. Performance Analysis of Viterbi Decoder for Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.Sivasankar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Viterbi decoder is employed in wireless communication to decode the convolutional codes; those codes are used in every robust digital communication systems. Convolutional encoding and viterbi decoding is a powerful method for forward error correction. This paper deals with synthesis and implementation of viterbi decoder with a constraint length of three as well as seven and the code rate of ½ in FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array. The performance of viterbi decoder is analyzed in terms of resource utilization. The design of viterbi decoder is simulated using Verilog HDL. It is synthesized and implemented using Xilinx 9.1ise and Spartan 3E Kit. It is compatible with many common standards such as 3GPP, IEEE 802.16 and LTE.

  11. Performance of mismatched Viterbi receiver on satellite channels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divsalar, D.; Omura, J. K.

    1979-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of a satellite communication system using a Viterbi receiver. Here we have a bandlimited nonlinear channel where both uplink and downlink are taken into account as well as the effect of Intersymbol Interference, phase and time synchronization errors. In order that ISI can be combatted effectively, we use a Viterbi demodulator which is designed for the satellite channel when there is no uplink noise. The Viterbi demodulator for the channels with large memory is too complex to be implemented. To reduce the complexity, a Viterbi demodulator with memory shorter than the true channel memory is used. The objective of this paper is to analyze the performance degradation of this 'Mismatched Viterbi Receiver' due to the uplink noise and memory truncation, and to understand how the time and phase synchronization errors influence the performance.

  12. FPGA Implementation of a Reconfigurable Viterbi Decoder for WiMAX Receiver

    CERN Document Server

    Shaker, Sherif Welsen; Shehata, Khaled Ali; 10.1109/ICM.2009.5418636

    2010-01-01

    Field Programmable Gate Array technology (FPGA) is a highly configurable option for implementing many sophisticated signal processing tasks in Software Defined Radios (SDRs). Those types of radios are realized using highly configurable hardware platforms. Convolutional codes are used in every robust digital communication system and Viterbi algorithm is employed in wireless communications to decode the convolutional codes. Such decoders are complex and dissipate large amount of power. In this paper, a low power-reconfigurable Viterbi decoder for WiMAX receiver is described using a VHDL code for FPGA implementation. The proposed design is implemented on Xilinx Virtex-II Pro, XC2vpx30 FPGA using the FPGA Advantage Pro package provided by Mentor Graphics and ISE 10.1 by Xilinx.

  13. Efficiency versus Convergence of Boolean Kernels for On-Line Learning Algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Khardon, R; Servedio, R A; 10.1613/jair.1655

    2011-01-01

    The paper studies machine learning problems where each example is described using a set of Boolean features and where hypotheses are represented by linear threshold elements. One method of increasing the expressiveness of learned hypotheses in this context is to expand the feature set to include conjunctions of basic features. This can be done explicitly or where possible by using a kernel function. Focusing on the well known Perceptron and Winnow algorithms, the paper demonstrates a tradeoff between the computational efficiency with which the algorithm can be run over the expanded feature space and the generalization ability of the corresponding learning algorithm. We first describe several kernel functions which capture either limited forms of conjunctions or all conjunctions. We show that these kernels can be used to efficiently run the Perceptron algorithm over a feature space of exponentially many conjunctions; however we also show that using such kernels, the Perceptron algorithm can provably make an ex...

  14. Algorithms for On-line Order Batching in an Order-Picking Warehouse

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Henn

    2009-01-01

    In manual order picking systems, order pickers walk or ride through a distribution warehouse in order to collect items required by (internal or external) customers. Order batching consists of combining these – indivisible – customer orders into picking orders. With respect to order batching, two problem types can be distinguished: In off-line (static) batching all customer orders are known in advance. In on-line (dynamic) batching customer orders become available dynamically over time. This r...

  15. Analysis of an on-line algorithm for solving large Markov chains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Litvak, Nelly; Robert, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    Algorithms for ranking of web pages such as Google Page-Rank assign importance scores according to a stationary distribution of a Markov random walk on the web graph. Although in the classical search scheme the ranking scores are pre-computed off-line, several challenging problems in contemporary we

  16. A two-level on-line learning algorithm of Artificial Neural Network with forward connections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislaw Placzek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available An Artificial Neural Network with cross-connection is one of the most popular network structures. The structure contains: an input layer, at least one hidden layer and an output layer. Analysing and describing an ANN structure, one usually finds that the first parameter is the number of ANN’s layers. A hierarchical structure is a default and accepted way of describing the network. Using this assumption, the network structure can be described from a different point of view. A set of concepts and models can be used to describe the complexity of ANN’s structure in addition to using a two-level learning algorithm. Implementing the hierarchical structure to the learning algorithm, an ANN structure is divided into sub-networks. Every sub-network is responsible for finding the optimal value of its weight coefficients using a local target function to minimise the learning error. The second coordination level of the learning algorithm is responsible for coordinating the local solutions and finding the minimum of the global target function. In the article a special emphasis is placed on the coordinator’s role in the learning algorithm and its target function. In each iteration the coordinator has to send coordination parameters into the first level of subnetworks. Using the input X and the teaching Z vectors, the local procedures are working and finding their weight coefficients. At the same step the feedback information is calculated and sent to the coordinator. The process is being repeated until the minimum of local target functions is achieved. As an example, a two-level learning algorithm is used to implement an ANN in the underwriting process for classifying the category of health in a life insurance company.

  17. Area and Energy Efficient Viterbi Accelerator for Embedded Processor Datapaths

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Abdul Rehman Buzdar; Liguo Sun; Muhammad Waqar Azhar; Muhammad Imran Khan; Rao Kashif

    2017-01-01

    .... We present the integration of a mixed hardware/software viterbi accelerator unit with an embedded processor datapath to enhance the processor performance in terms of execution time and energy efficiency...

  18. Interleaved Convolutional Code and Its Viterbi Decoder Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    We propose an area-efficient high-speed interleaved Viterbi decoder architecture, which is based on the state-parallel architecture with register exchange path memory structure, for interleaved convolutional code. The state-parallel architecture uses as many add-compare-select (ACS) units as the number of trellis states. By replacing each delay (or storage) element in state metrics memory (or path metrics memory) and path memory (or survival memory) with delays, interleaved Viterbi decoder ...

  19. Utilization of genetic algorithm in on-line tuning of fluid power servos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halme, J.

    1997-12-31

    This study describes a robust and plausible method based on genetic algorithms suitable for tuning a regulator. The main advantages of the method presented is its robustness and easy-to-use feature. In this thesis the method is demonstrated by searching for appropriate control parameters of a state-feedback controller in a fluid power environment. To corroborate the robustness of the tuning method, two earlier studies are also presented in the appendix, where the presented tuning method is used in different kinds of regulator tuning situations. (orig.) 33 refs.

  20. An on-line calibration algorithm for external parameters of visual system based on binocular stereo cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liqiang; Liu, Zhen; Zhang, Zhonghua

    2014-11-01

    Stereo vision is the key in the visual measurement, robot vision, and autonomous navigation. Before performing the system of stereo vision, it needs to calibrate the intrinsic parameters for each camera and the external parameters of the system. In engineering, the intrinsic parameters remain unchanged after calibrating cameras, and the positional relationship between the cameras could be changed because of vibration, knocks and pressures in the vicinity of the railway or motor workshops. Especially for large baselines, even minute changes in translation or rotation can affect the epipolar geometry and scene triangulation to such a degree that visual system becomes disabled. A technology including both real-time examination and on-line recalibration for the external parameters of stereo system becomes particularly important. This paper presents an on-line method for checking and recalibrating the positional relationship between stereo cameras. In epipolar geometry, the external parameters of cameras can be obtained by factorization of the fundamental matrix. Thus, it offers a method to calculate the external camera parameters without any special targets. If the intrinsic camera parameters are known, the external parameters of system can be calculated via a number of random matched points. The process is: (i) estimating the fundamental matrix via the feature point correspondences; (ii) computing the essential matrix from the fundamental matrix; (iii) obtaining the external parameters by decomposition of the essential matrix. In the step of computing the fundamental matrix, the traditional methods are sensitive to noise and cannot ensure the estimation accuracy. We consider the feature distribution situation in the actual scene images and introduce a regional weighted normalization algorithm to improve accuracy of the fundamental matrix estimation. In contrast to traditional algorithms, experiments on simulated data prove that the method improves estimation

  1. On-line experimental validation of a model-based diagnostic algorithm dedicated to a solid oxide fuel cell system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polverino, Pierpaolo; Esposito, Angelo; Pianese, Cesare; Ludwig, Bastian; Iwanschitz, Boris; Mai, Andreas

    2016-02-01

    In the current energetic scenario, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) exhibit appealing features which make them suitable for environmental-friendly power production, especially for stationary applications. An example is represented by micro-combined heat and power (μ-CHP) generation units based on SOFC stacks, which are able to produce electric and thermal power with high efficiency and low pollutant and greenhouse gases emissions. However, the main limitations to their diffusion into the mass market consist in high maintenance and production costs and short lifetime. To improve these aspects, the current research activity focuses on the development of robust and generalizable diagnostic techniques, aimed at detecting and isolating faults within the entire system (i.e. SOFC stack and balance of plant). Coupled with appropriate recovery strategies, diagnosis can prevent undesired system shutdowns during faulty conditions, with consequent lifetime increase and maintenance costs reduction. This paper deals with the on-line experimental validation of a model-based diagnostic algorithm applied to a pre-commercial SOFC system. The proposed algorithm exploits a Fault Signature Matrix based on a Fault Tree Analysis and improved through fault simulations. The algorithm is characterized on the considered system and it is validated by means of experimental induction of faulty states in controlled conditions.

  2. Self-adaptive PID controller of microwave drying rotary device tuning on-line by genetic algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彪; 梁贵安; 彭金辉; 郭胜惠; 李玮; 张世敏; 李英伟; 白松

    2013-01-01

    The control design, based on self-adaptive PID with genetic algorithms(GA) tuning on-line was investigated, for the temperature control of industrial microwave drying rotary device with the multi-layer(IMDRDWM) and with multivariable nonlinear interaction of microwave and materials. The conventional PID control strategy incorporated with optimization GA was put forward to maintain the optimum drying temperature in order to keep the moisture content below 1%, whose adaptation ability included the cost function of optimization GA according to the output change. Simulations on five different industrial process models and practical temperature process control system for selenium-enriched slag drying intensively by using IMDRDWM were carried out systematically, indicating the reliability and effectiveness of control design. The parameters of proposed control design are all on-line implemented without iterative predictive calculations, and the closed-loop system stability is guaranteed, which makes the developed scheme simpler in its synthesis and application, providing the practical guidelines for the control implementation and the parameter design.

  3. Un calcul de Viterbi pour un Modèle de Markov Caché Contraint

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petit, Matthieu; Christiansen, Henning

    2009-01-01

    of these hidden states in regards to an observed data sequence. Constrained HMM extends this framework by adding some constraints on a HMM process run. In this paper, we propose to introduce constrained HMMs into Constraint Programming. We propose new version of the Viterbi algorithm for this new framework....... Several constraint techniques are used to reduce the search of the most probable value of hidden states of a constrained HMM. An implementation based on PRISM, a logic programming language for statistical modeling, is presented....

  4. 排序问题Pm,ai|on-line|Cmax的LPT算法%LPT Algorithm for Scheduling Problem Pm,ai|on-line|Cmax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵传立; 唐恒永

    2000-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the on-line parallel processors scheduling problem where tasks arrive over time. Chen and Vestjens proved that the bound of LPT is 3/2. We generalize the result to the case where the processors have ready time.%讨论了任务实时到达的平行机在线排序问题。Chen和Vestjens证明了LPT算法的界为3/2。将这一结论推广到了处理机具有准备时间的情况。

  5. Interleaved Convolutional Code and Its Viterbi Decoder Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Jin Kong

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose an area-efficient high-speed interleaved Viterbi decoder architecture, which is based on the state-parallel architecture with register exchange path memory structure, for interleaved convolutional code. The state-parallel architecture uses as many add-compare-select (ACS units as the number of trellis states. By replacing each delay (or storage element in state metrics memory (or path metrics memory and path memory (or survival memory with I delays, interleaved Viterbi decoder is obtained where I is the interleaving degree. The decoding speed of this decoder architecture is as fast as the operating clock speed. The latency of proposed interleaved Viterbi decoder is “decoding depth (DD × interleaving degree (I+ extra delays (A,” which increases linearly with the interleaving degree I.

  6. Combined Viterbi Detector for a Balanced Code in Page Memories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Duan-rong; Xie Chang-sheng; Pei Xian-deng

    2004-01-01

    Based on the two path metrics being equal at a merged node in the trellis employed to describe a Viterbi detector for the detection of data encoded with a rate 6∶8 balanced binary code in page-oriented optical memories, the combined Viterbi detector scheme is proposed to improve raw bit-error rate performance by mitigating the occurrence of a two-bit reversing error event in an estimated codeword for the balanced code. The effectiveness of the detection scheme is verified for different data quantizations using Monte Carlo simulations.

  7. MCMC Particle Filter Using New Data Association Technique with Viterbi Filtered Gate Method for Multi-Target Tracking in Heavy Clutter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M.Saad

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Improving data association technique in dense clutter environment for multi-target tracking used in Markov chain Monte Carlo based particle filter (MCMC-PF are discussed in this paper. A new method named Viterbi filtered gate Markov chain Monte Carlo VFG-MCMC is introduced to avoid track swap and to overcome the issue of loosing track to highly maneuvering targets in the presence of more background clutter and false signals. An adaptive search based on Viterbi algorithm is then used to detect the valid filtered data point in each target gate. The detected valid point for each target is applied to the estimation algorithm of MCMC-PF during calculating the sampling weights. This proposed method makes the MCMC interacts only with the valid target that is candidate from the filtered gate and no more calculations are considered for invalid targets. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and better performance when compared to conventional algorithm MCMC-PF.

  8. Based on reception in general with bit-by-bit decision-making algorithm for signal processing in fiber optic telecommunication systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdin, Vladimir A.; Kartashevsky, Vyacheslav G.; Grigorov, Igor V.

    2016-03-01

    This paper presents «reception in general with bit-by-bit decision-making» algorithm, which is the alternative to Viterbi algorithm. It is proposed to use it for fiber-optic transmission systems. It's features is compared with the Viterbi algorithm for digital signal processing in optical communication channels.

  9. On-line Detection of Gas Pipeline Based on the Real-Time Algorithm and Network Technology with Robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Bo; YAN Guo-zheng; DING Guo-qing; ZHOU Bing; FU Xi-guang; ZUO Jian-yong

    2004-01-01

    The detection system integrates control technology, network technology, video encoding and decoding, video transmiss-ion, multi-single chip microcomputer communication, dat-abase technology, computer software and robot technology. The robot can adaptively adjust its status according to diameter (from 400 mm to 650 mm) of pipeline. The maximum detection distance is up to 1 000 m. The method of video coding in the system is based on fractal transformation. The experiments show that the coding scheme is fast and good PSNR. The precision of on-line detection is up to 3% thickness of pipeline wall. The robot can also have a high precision of location up to 0.03 m. The control method is based on network and characterized by on-line and real-time. The experiment in real gas pipeline shows that the performance of the detection system is good.

  10. 基于线段特征匹配的EKF-SLAM算法%EKF-SLAM Algorithm Based on Line Segment Matching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国良; 汤文俊; 敬斌; 程展欣

    2012-01-01

    针对EKF-SLAM算法在机器人被“绑架”时失效的问题,提出一种新的基于线段特征匹配的EKF-SLAM算法——EKFLineSLAM算法.该算法在线段特征观测模型和改进的基于逐点搜索的线段提取算法的基础上,将线段特征匹配引入EKF-SLAM算法,并对线段长度和姿态角进行EKF更新,创建环境的线段特征地图.在未知室内结构化环境中,将该算法与弱匹配EKFLineSLAM算法进行比较,验证了EKFLineSLAM算法在结构化环境中克服机器人“绑架”问题的可行性和有效性.%For the problem of EKF-SLAM algorithm being invalid when robot is kidnapped, a new EKF-SLAM algorithm called "EKF-LineSLAM Algorithm" based on line segment matching is presented. This algorithm is based on the line segment observation model, and the improved line segment extraction algorithm based on point by point search. It introduces the line segment match in the EKF-SLAM algorithm, and renews the line segment's length and posture angle by EKF to find the line segment characteristic map. Finally, the presented algorithm and the weak matching EKFLineSLAM algorithm are compared in an unknown structured indoor environment. The comparison results confirm the feasibility and the effectiveness of the EKFLineSLAM algorithm for the kidnapped robot problem in structured environments.

  11. An On-Line Algorithm for Measuring the Translational and Rotational Velocities of a Table Tennis Ball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chunfang; Hayakawa, Yoshikazu; Nakashima, Akira

    This paper proposes an on-line method for estimating both translational and rotational velocities of a table tennis ball by using only a few consecutive frames of image data which are sensed by two high speed cameras. In order to estimate the translational velocity, three-dimensional (3D) position of the ball's center at each instant of camera frame is obtained, where the on-line method of reconstructing the 3D position from the two-dimensional (2D) image data of two cameras is proposed without the pattern matching process. The proposed method of estimating the rotational velocity belongs to the image registration methods, where in order to avoid the pattern matching process too, a rotation model of the ball is used to make an estimated image data from an image data sensed at the previous instant of camera frame and then the estimated image data are compared with the image data sensed at the next instant of camera frame to obtain the most plausible rotational velocity by using the least square and the conjugate gradient method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is shown by some experimental results in the case of a ball rotated by a rotation machine as well as in the case of a flying ball shot from a catapult machine.

  12. Hierarchical On-line Scheduling of Multiproduct Batch Plants with a Combined Approach of Mathematical Programming and Genetic Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈理; 王克峰; 徐霄羽; 姚平经

    2004-01-01

    In this contribution we present an online scheduling algorithm for a real world multiproduct batch plant. The overall mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem is hierarchically structured into a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) problem first and then a reduced dimensional MINLP problem, which are optimized by mathematical programming (MP) and genetic algorithm (GA) respectively. The basis idea relies on combining MP with GA to exploit their complementary capacity. The key features of the hierarchical model are explained and illustrated with some real world cases from the multiproduct batch plants.

  13. A new damping factor algorithm based on line search of the local minimum point for inverse approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yaqi; Liu, Weijie; Lu, Fang; Zhang, Xiangkui; Hu, Ping

    2013-05-01

    The influence of damping factor on the convergence and computational efficiency of the inverse approach was studied through a series of practical examples. A new selection algorithm of the damping (relaxation) factor which takes into account of both robustness and calculation efficiency is proposed, then the computer program is implemented and tested on Siemens PLM NX | One-Step. The result is compared with the traditional Armijo rule through six examples such as U-beam, square box and cylindrical cup et al, confirming the effectiveness of proposed algorithm.

  14. On-line monitoring the extract process of Fu-fang Shuanghua oral solution using near infrared spectroscopy and different PLS algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Qian; Ru, Qingguo; Liu, Yan; Xu, Lingyan; Liu, Jia; Wang, Yifei; Zhang, Yewen; Li, Hui; Zhang, Qing; Wu, Qing

    2016-01-01

    An on-line near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy monitoring method with an appropriate multivariate calibration method was developed for the extraction process of Fu-fang Shuanghua oral solution (FSOS). On-line NIR spectra were collected through two fiber optic probes, which were designed to transmit NIR radiation by a 2 mm flange. Partial least squares (PLS), interval PLS (iPLS) and synergy interval PLS (siPLS) algorithms were used comparatively for building the calibration regression models. During the extraction process, the feasibility of NIR spectroscopy was employed to determine the concentrations of chlorogenic acid (CA) content, total phenolic acids contents (TPC), total flavonoids contents (TFC) and soluble solid contents (SSC). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultraviolet spectrophotometric method (UV) and loss on drying methods were employed as reference methods. Experiment results showed that the performance of siPLS model is the best compared with PLS and iPLS. The calibration models for AC, TPC, TFC and SSC had high values of determination coefficients of (R2) (0.9948, 0.9992, 0.9950 and 0.9832) and low root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) (0.0113, 0.0341, 0.1787 and 1.2158), which indicate a good correlation between reference values and NIR predicted values. The overall results show that the on line detection method could be feasible in real application and would be of great value for monitoring the mixed decoction process of FSOS and other Chinese patent medicines.

  15. On-line monitoring of extraction process of Flos Lonicerae Japonicae using near infrared spectroscopy combined with synergy interval PLS and genetic algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yue; Wang, Lei; Wu, Yongjiang; Liu, Xuesong; Bi, Yuan; Xiao, Wei; Chen, Yong

    2017-07-01

    There is a growing need for the effective on-line process monitoring during the manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine to ensure quality consistency. In this study, the potential of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy technique to monitor the extraction process of Flos Lonicerae Japonicae was investigated. A new algorithm of synergy interval PLS with genetic algorithm (Si-GA-PLS) was proposed for modeling. Four different PLS models, namely Full-PLS, Si-PLS, GA-PLS, and Si-GA-PLS, were established, and their performances in predicting two quality parameters (viz. total acid and soluble solid contents) were compared. In conclusion, Si-GA-PLS model got the best results due to the combination of superiority of Si-PLS and GA. For Si-GA-PLS, the determination coefficient (Rp2) and root-mean-square error for the prediction set (RMSEP) were 0.9561 and 147.6544 μg/ml for total acid, 0.9062 and 0.1078% for soluble solid contents, correspondingly. The overall results demonstrated that the NIR spectroscopy technique combined with Si-GA-PLS calibration is a reliable and non-destructive alternative method for on-line monitoring of the extraction process of TCM on the production scale.

  16. Testing interconnected VLSI circuits in the Big Viterbi Decoder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onyszchuk, I. M.

    1991-01-01

    The Big Viterbi Decoder (BVD) is a powerful error-correcting hardware device for the Deep Space Network (DSN), in support of the Galileo and Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby (CRAF)/Cassini Missions. Recently, a prototype was completed and run successfully at 400,000 or more decoded bits per second. This prototype is a complex digital system whose core arithmetic unit consists of 256 identical very large scale integration (VLSI) gate-array chips, 16 on each of 16 identical boards which are connected through a 28-layer, printed-circuit backplane using 4416 wires. Special techniques were developed for debugging, testing, and locating faults inside individual chips, on boards, and within the entire decoder. The methods are based upon hierarchical structure in the decoder, and require that chips or boards be wired themselves as Viterbi decoders. The basic procedure consists of sending a small set of known, very noisy channel symbols through a decoder, and matching observables against values computed by a software simulation. Also, tests were devised for finding open and short-circuited wires which connect VLSI chips on the boards and through the backplane.

  17. A MAP-based image interpolation method via Viterbi decoding of Markov chains of interpolation functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedadi, Farhang; Shirani, Shahram

    2014-01-01

    A new method of image resolution up-conversion (image interpolation) based on maximum a posteriori sequence estimation is proposed. Instead of making a hard decision about the value of each missing pixel, we estimate the missing pixels in groups. At each missing pixel of the high resolution (HR) image, we consider an ensemble of candidate interpolation methods (interpolation functions). The interpolation functions are interpreted as states of a Markov model. In other words, the proposed method undergoes state transitions from one missing pixel position to the next. Accordingly, the interpolation problem is translated to the problem of estimating the optimal sequence of interpolation functions corresponding to the sequence of missing HR pixel positions. We derive a parameter-free probabilistic model for this to-be-estimated sequence of interpolation functions. Then, we solve the estimation problem using a trellis representation and the Viterbi algorithm. Using directional interpolation functions and sequence estimation techniques, we classify the new algorithm as an adaptive directional interpolation using soft-decision estimation techniques. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm yields images with higher or comparable peak signal-to-noise ratios compared with some benchmark interpolation methods in the literature while being efficient in terms of implementation and complexity considerations.

  18. Adaptive de-noising method based on wavelet and adaptive learning algorithm in on-line PD monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立欣; 诸定秋; 蔡惟铮

    2002-01-01

    It is an important step in the online monitoring of partial discharge (PD) to extract PD pulses from various background noises. An adaptive de-noising method is introduced for adaptive noise reduction during detection of PD pulses. This method is based on Wavelet Transform (WT) , and in the wavelet domain the noises decomposed at the levels are reduced by independent thresholds. Instead of the standard hard thresholding function, a new type of hard thresholding function with continuous derivative is employed by this method. For the selection of thresholds, an unsupervised learning algorithm based on gradient in a mean square error (MSE) is present to search for the optimal threshold for noise reduction, and the optimal threshold is selected when the minimum MSE is obtained. With the simulating signals and on-site experimental data processed by this method,it is shown that the background noises such as narrowband noises can be reduced efficiently. Furthermore, it is proved that in comparison with the conventional wavelet de-noising method the adaptive de-noising method has a better performance in keeping the pulses and is more adaptive when suppressing the background noises of PD signals.

  19. High speed Radix-4 soft-decision Viterbi decoder for MB-OFDM UWB system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Guixuan; Portilla, Jorge; Riesgo, Teresa

    2013-05-01

    In this paper, a 64 state soft decision Viterbi Decoder (VD) system by using a high speed radix-4 Add Compare Select (ACS) architecture is presented. The proposed VD system can support different data rate (from 53.5 Mbps to 480 Mbps) for Multiband Orthogonal Frequency-division Multiplexing (MB-OFDM) Ultra-Wideband (UWB) system when implemented onto the FPGA board. The proposed VD employs efficient two steps Radix 4 architecture, which is responsible of calculating two steps of 64 state Radix 4 Branch Metrics (BM) within one clock cycle. The branch metrics are calculated using a uniform distance measurement algorithm, which equals to the symbol itself when compared to logic-0 and equal to its one's complement when compared to logic-1. By employing the modified Modulo Normalization algorithm, it is possible to use only a 10- bit memory block to restore each of the 64 state metrics, with the advantage of avoiding errors caused by overflow during the updating process for state metrics, and simplifying the comparator circuit of the ACS unit. The Two Pointer Even Algorithm, which is considered to be very simple and more hardware-efficient than the register exchange algorithm, is used for tracing back the survivor sequence and output the decoded data stream. 3-bit soft decision input sequences are used for gathering the experimental results. The sampling frequency of the MBOFDM UWB system is 528 MHz, by using the proposed two steps Radix 4 VD architecture we can process 4 input signals in parallel within one clock cycle, therefore only 132 MHz operating frequency is needed for the proposed VD system. This will dramatically reduce the dynamic power consumption for hardware implementation. Final results of the implementation show that the proposed VD architecture can support a maximum working frequency of 152.5 MHz on Xilinx XUPV5-LX110T Evaluation Platform.

  20. A Very Efficient Transfer Function Bounding Technique on Bit Error Rate for Viterbi Decoded, Rate 1/N Convolutional Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, P. J.

    1984-01-01

    For rate 1/N convolutional codes, a recursive algorithm for finding the transfer function bound on bit error rate (BER) at the output of a Viterbi decoder is described. This technique is very fast and requires very little storage since all the unnecessary operations are eliminated. Using this technique, we find and plot bounds on the BER performance of known codes of rate 1/2 with K 18, rate 1/3 with K 14. When more than one reported code with the same parameter is known, we select the code that minimizes the required signal to noise ratio for a desired bit error rate of 0.000001. This criterion of determining goodness of a code had previously been found to be more useful than the maximum free distance criterion and was used in the code search procedures of very short constraint length codes. This very efficient technique can also be used for searches of longer constraint length codes.

  1. A Low Power VITERBI Decoder Design With Minimum Transition Hybrid Register Exchange Processing For Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. L. Haridas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes the low power implementation of Viterbi Decoder. Majority of viterbi decoder designs in the past use simple Register Exchange or Traceback method to achieve very high speed and low power decoding respectively, but it suffers from both complex routing and high switching activity.Here simplification is made in survivor memory unit by storing only m-1 bits to identify previous state in the survivor path, and by assigning m-1 registers to decision vectors. This approach eliminates unnecessary shift operations. Also for storing the decoded data only half memory is required than register exchange method. In this paper Hybrid approach that combines both Traceback and Register Exchange schemes has been applied to the viterbi decoder design. By using distance properties of encoder we further modified to minimum transition hybrid register exchange method. It leads to lower dynamic power consumption because of lower switching activity. Dynamic power estimation obtained through gate level simulation indicates that the proposed design reduces the power dissipation of a conventional viterbi decoder design by 30%.

  2. A Low Power VITERBI Decoder Design With Minimum Transition Hybrid Register Exchange Processing For Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. L. Haridas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes the low power implementation of Viterbi Decoder. Majority of viterbi decoder designs in the past use simple Register Exchange or Trace back method to achieve very high speed and low power decoding respectively, but it suffers from both complex routing and high switching activity.Here simplification is made in survivor memory unit by storing only m-1 bits to identify previous state in the survivor path, and by assigning m-1 registers to decision vectors. This approach eliminates unnecessary shift operations. Also for storing the decoded data only half memory is required than register exchange method. In this paper Hybrid approach that combines both Trace back and Register Exchange schemes has been applied to the viterbi decoder design. By using distance properties of encoder we further modified to minimum transition hybrid register exchange method. It leads to lower dynamic power consumption because of lower switching activity. Dynamic power estimation obtained through gate level simulation indicates that the proposed design reduces the power dissipation of a conventional viterbi decoder design by 30%.

  3. On-line generalized Steiner problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Awerbuch, B.; Azar, Y.; Bartal, Y. [Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

    1996-12-31

    The Generalized Steiner Problem (GSP) is defined as follows. We are given a graph with non-negative weights and a set of pairs of vertices. The algorithm has to construct minimum weight subgraph such that the two nodes of each pair are connected by a path. We consider the on-line generalized Steiner problem, in which pairs of vertices arrive on-line and are needed to be connected immediately. We give a simple O(log{sup 2} n) competitive deterministic on-line algorithm. The previous best online algorithm (by Westbrook and Yan) was O({radical}n log n) competitive. We also consider the network connectivity leasing problem which is a generalization of the GSP. Here edges of the graph can be either bought or leased for different costs. We provide simple randomized O(log{sup 2} n) competitive algorithm based on the on-line generalized Steiner problem result.

  4. On-line temperature control of fluidized bed incinerator using fuzzy algorithm; Fuzzu seigyo donyu ni yoru ryudosogata shokyakuro unten no jidoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okayasu, S.; Kuratani, T.; Imai, H. [Ajinomoto Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-03-15

    Automatic control of incinerators for their stable operation has been desired for the preservation of the environment in the factory. An on-line fuzzy control system has been successfully introduced for temperature control of the fluidized bed of incinerator for industrial wastes. In this case, manual control can be applied to the plant instead of a PID control system, because of the complexity of the waste materials and the large delay in detection of the temperature change in the fluidized bed sand. On the basis of analyzing the dynamic performance of the process and the know-how of skilled operators, membership functions and fuzzy control rules are selected, then determined carefully for the system. Introduction of the system resulted in almost the same performance as manual control. Subsequently the operators are freed from manual operation in the control room for an hour. 6 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. Investigation of Line Current Harmonics in Cascaded Multi-level Inverter Based Induction Motor Drive and an Adaptive On-line Selective Current Harmonic Elimination Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Avirajamanjula

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Multilevel Inverters (MLIs have drawn increasing attention in numerous applications, especially in drives, distributed energy resources area, utility etc. MLIs have the ability to synthesize a near sinusoidal output voltage wave with minimal Total Harmonic Distortion (THD in low frequency switching. Even though they offer lower THD, the presence of lower order harmonics is objectionable and harmonics elimination in Multilevel Inverters (MLIs has been receiving immense attention for the past few decades. Existing Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE techniques can eliminate the objectionable lower order voltage harmonics with low switching frequency by solving the Fourier non-linear transcendental equations of the output voltage. The line current harmonics has a direct role to play on the magneto-motive force and results in increase of mismatching of air-gap permeance, vibrations, acoustic noise etc. This study proposes Normalized Least Mean Squares (NLMS algorithm based scheme to eliminate the selected dominant harmonics in load current using only the knowledge of the frequencies to be eliminated. The algorithm is simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK tool for a three-phase VSI to eliminate the fifth and seventh harmonics. The informative simulation results verify the validity and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The system performance is analyzed based on the simulation results considering Total Harmonic Distortion (THD, magnitude of eliminated harmonics and frequency spectrum.

  6. 多核处理器上的并行联机分析处理算法研究%Parallel On-Line Analysis Processing Algorithms Research on Multi-Core CPUs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国亮; 王桂兰; 朱永利

    2013-01-01

    Computer hardware technology has greatly developed, especially large memory and multi-core, but the algorithm efficiency dose not improve with the development of hardware. The fundamental reason is the insufficient utilization of CPU cache and the limitation of single-thread programming. In the field of OLAP (on-line analysis processing), data cube computation is an important and time-consuming operation, so how to improve the perfor-mance of data cube computation is a difficult research point in this field. Based on the characteristics of multi-core CPUs, this paper proposes two parallel algorithms, MT-Multi-Way (multi-threading multi-way) and MT-BUC (multi-threading bottom-up computation), which utilize data partition and multi-thread cooperation. All these algo-rithms avoid cache contentions between threads and keep loading balance, so obtain near-linear speedup. Based on these algorithms, this paper suggests one unified framework for cube computation on multi-core CPUs, including how to partition data and resolve recursive program on multi-core CPUs for guiding cube computation parallelization.

  7. 适用于时变系统的在线盲源分离算法研究%Research on on-line blind source separation algorithm for time-vary-ing system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓大鹏; 李骏; 丁德强; 贺翥祯

    2016-01-01

    针对传统EASI算法收敛速率与稳态误差之间的矛盾,提出了一种基于估计函数期望的步长自适应算法(New Adaptive EASI),为了使这种算法能够更好地解决时变系统中不同条件下的盲源分离问题,提高信号的分离精度,建立了一种混合矩阵变化的在线检测机制,并将这种在线检测机制加入步长自适应算法中,对算法进行了改进.仿真实验表明,这种改进的步长自适应算法能够提高盲源分离初始阶段或是信道变化后分离初始阶段的信号恢复质量,解决源信号为非零均值信号时的盲源分离问题,并且能够准确地在线估计源信号的个数,实现信源数变化条件下的盲源分离.%Aiming at the contradiction between the convergence rate and the steady-state error of the traditional EASI algorithm, this paper presents a New Adaptive EASI algorithm based on the expectation of estimate function. In order to make the new algorithm be able to solve the BSS problems under different conditions of time-varying system better and improve the accuracy of separated signals, it sets up an on-line detection mechanism of the changes in mixing matrix and adds it to the New Adaptive EASI algorithm to modify the algorithm. Simulation results show that the modified New Adaptive EASI algorithm can improve the quality of separated signals in the initial stage of separation or just after the channel condition changes, do the on-line separation of nonzero mean mixed signals and accurately estimate the number of source signals online to solve the BSS problem under the condition that the number of the source signals varies during the separating process.

  8. An Effective Method of UAV Flight Path Planning On-Line in Wind Field Using Improved A* Searching Algorithm%基于风场信息的无人机在线航迹规划方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈耀红; 肖自兵; 袁冬莉

    2012-01-01

    To shorten the flight time of UAV, we propose an algorithm of UAV flight path planning on-line under battle field threats. Sections 1 through 3 of the full paper explain our method of flight path planning mentioned in the title, which we believe is better than the existing ones and whose core consists of: "UAV estimates the wind field information on-line using our proposed method during the flight. Then the choice of the extend nodes in A * search algorithm is considered according to the wind direction and the cost function is designed as the flight time". Section 3 is entitled " Method of UAV Flight Path Planning On-Line in Wind Field Using Improved A * Searching Algorithm"; for convenience, we divide it into four sub-sections: 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4. Simulation results, presented in Figs. 4 and 5 and Table 2, and their analysis show preliminarily that the flight time is indeed less than that obtained with the traditional method based on the length of the flight path.%风场是影响无人机飞行速度的一个重要因素.为了缩短任务执行中的飞行时间,考虑战场环境存在外界威胁情况,提出了一种利用组合导航在线估计风场信息的无人机航迹规划方法.该方法基于飞行时间为代价,利用改进的A*搜索算法对航迹进行顺风搜索,从而实现最短理想耗时的航迹规划.计算机仿真结果表明,与传统的最短航迹长度规划方法相比,无人机按该方法规划的航迹飞行时,理想耗时最少.

  9. Entropy Message Passing Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Ilic, Velimir M; Branimir, Todorovic T

    2009-01-01

    Message passing over factor graph can be considered as generalization of many well known algorithms for efficient marginalization of multivariate function. A specific instance of the algorithm is obtained by choosing an appropriate commutative semiring for the range of the function to be marginalized. Some examples are Viterbi algorithm, obtained on max-product semiring and forward-backward algorithm obtained on sum-product semiring. In this paper, Entropy Message Passing algorithm (EMP) is developed. It operates over entropy semiring, previously introduced in automata theory. It is shown how EMP extends the use of message passing over factor graphs to probabilistic model algorithms such as Expectation Maximization algorithm, gradient methods and computation of model entropy, unifying the work of different authors.

  10. Implementasi Convolutional Code dan Viterbi Decode pada DSK TMS320C6416T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Kusumasari Rosita

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam sistem komunikasi digital modern, dimana data ditransmisikan dalam bentuk bit-bit biner, dibutuhkan sistem yang tahan terhadap noise yang terdapat pada kanal transmisi, hal ini dibutuhkan agar data yang ditransmisikan  tersebut dapat diterima dengan benar. Kesalahan dalam pengiriman atau penerimaan data merupakan permasalahan yang mendasar yang memberikan dampak yang sangat signifikan pada sistem komunikasi. Untuk mengatasinya, maka diperlukan suatu metode pengkodean kanal yang mampu  mendeteksi kesalahan dan mengkoreksi kesalahan. Pada tugas akhir ini konvolusi code diimplementasikan pada sebuah DSP card seri TMS320C6416T untuk mengatasi masalah sistem komunikasi tersebut. Kode konvolusi  merupakan teknik Error Control Coding  untuk mendeteksi dan mengkoreksi error pada informasi akibat pengaruh noise. Analisis meliputi nilai BER yang diperoleh dengan mengubah parameter Eb/No pada blok AWGN,  dan uji coba rangkaian menggunakan DSK TMS320C6416T. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem yang menggunakan konvolusi code dan viterbi decode dapat menurunkan probabilitas error dibandingkan dengan sistem model yang tidak menggunakan konvolusi code dan viterbi decode.

  11. Application of the Viterbi Algorithm in Hidden Markov Models for Exploring Irrigation Decision Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriyas, S.; McKee, M.

    2014-12-01

    Anticipating farmers' irrigation decisions can provide the possibility of improving the efficiency of canal operations in on-demand irrigation systems. Although multiple factors are considered during irrigation decision making, for any given farmer there might be one factor playing a major role. Identification of that biophysical factor which led to a farmer deciding to irrigate is difficult because of high variability of those factors during the growing season. Analysis of the irrigation decisions of a group of farmers for a single crop can help to simplify the problem. We developed a hidden Markov model (HMM) to analyze irrigation decisions and explore the factor and level at which the majority of farmers decide to irrigate. The model requires observed variables as inputs and the hidden states. The chosen model inputs were relatively easily measured, or estimated, biophysical data, including such factors (i.e., those variables which are believed to affect irrigation decision-making) as cumulative evapotranspiration, soil moisture depletion, soil stress coefficient, and canal flows. Irrigation decision series were the hidden states for the model. The data for the work comes from the Canal B region of the Lower Sevier River Basin, near Delta, Utah. The main crops of the region are alfalfa, barley, and corn. A portion of the data was used to build and test the model capability to explore that factor and the level at which the farmer takes the decision to irrigate for future irrigation events. Both group and individual level behavior can be studied using HMMs. The study showed that the farmers cannot be classified into certain classes based on their irrigation decisions, but vary in their behavior from irrigation-to-irrigation across all years and crops. HMMs can be used to analyze what factor and, subsequently, what level of that factor on which the farmer most likely based the irrigation decision. The study shows that the HMM is a capable tool to study a process which is not memory-less like irrigation behavior.

  12. ON-LINE PREEMPTIVE SCHEDULING ON UNIFORM MACHINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yuzhong; WANG Shouyang; Bo Chen; ZHANG Shuxia

    2001-01-01

    We address the problem of preemptively schedule on-line jobs on arbitrary muniformly related machines with the objective of minimizing the schedule length. We provide the first on-line algorithm for this general problem, and show that the algorithm being the speeds of the m machines.

  13. Decoding OvTDM with sphere-decoding algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Overlapped time division multiplexing (OvTDM) is a new type of transmission scheme with high spectrum efficiency and low threshold signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this article, the structure of OvTDM is introduced and the sphere-decoding algorithm of complex domain is proposed for OvTDM. Simulations demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can achieve maximum likelihood (ML) decoding with lower complexity as compared to traditional maximum likelihood sequence demodulation (MLSD) or viterbi algorithm (VA).

  14. UAV On-line Path Re-planning Based on Threats Evaluation Improved Algorithm%基于改进威胁代价的无人机路径在线重规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓光; 魏小丰; 郑景嵩

    2012-01-01

    针对路径在线重规划中的威胁代价评估问题,提出了基于最大综合拦截概率的在线威胁代价评估改进算法.在该算法中,以已有威胁代价评估模型为基础,给出不同信息支持条件下的“瞬时跟踪概率”计算模块,进而引入“连续跟踪概率”概念,并结合“杀伤概率”得到“拦截概率”概念模块.在此基础上,提出“最大拦截概率”概念,以此作为单个主动威胁作用下的在线威胁代价评估标准,最后将其拓展到“最大综合拦截概率”作为多个主动威胁作用下的在线威胁代价评估标准.在此基础上,结合MPC算法给出路径在线重规划的模型.通过仿真结果对比,说明上述模型的合理性和算法的有效性.%An improved threats evaluation algorithm is proposed for the on-line path re-planning of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Based on the existing threat evaluation model, instantaneous radar tracking probability computation modules on condition of different information is given to calculate the continuous radar tracking probability. Kill probability on condition of continuous radar tracking is proposed. As a result, interception probability and maximum interception probability are figured out to provide an evaluation criterion for a single threat, while the maximum integrated interception probability is consider as the criterion for multiple threats-Based on the threats evaluation improved algorithm, Model Predictive Control (MPC) is adopted to implement the on-line path planning. Simulation results have shown that the model is more intelligent and the approach is more effective in path re-planning.

  15. A Novel High-Speed Configurable Viterbi Decoder for Broadband Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benaissa Mohammed

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel design and implementation of an online reconfigurable Viterbi decoder is proposed, based on an area-efficient add-compare-select (ACS architecture, in which the constraint length and traceback depth can be dynamically reconfigured. A design-space exploration to trade off decoding capability, area, and decoding speed has been performed, from which the maximum level of pipelining against the number of ACS units to be used has been determined while maintaining an in-place path metric updating. An example design with constraint lengths from 7 to 10 and a 5-level ACS pipelining has been successfully implemented on a Xilinx Virtex FPGA device. FPGA implementation results, in terms of decoding speed, resource usage, and BER, have been obtained using a tailored testbench. These confirmed the functionality and the expected higher speeds and lower resources.

  16. 基于线阵扫描的有限角度投影数据CT三维重建%Limited Angle Computed Tomography Recontruction Algorithm Based on Line Scanning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张祥春

    2013-01-01

    通过对最小化图像总变差的优化准则的迭代重建算法的三维扩展,实现了基于GPU(图形处理器)技术的有限角度投影数据的三雏重建算法;在此基础上,通过改变扫描方式,实现了线阵探测器的有限角度投影数据的CT三维重建.试验表明:该方法可有效实现基于线阵扫描的有限角度投影数据的三维重建,是面阵列探测器有限角度投影数据CT三维重建的有力补充.%This article is to show, based on the GPU technology, how to realize limited angle projection data 3D reconstruction algorithm through the minimization of total variation image optimization criterion of iterative reconstruction algorithm for three-dimensional expansion.On the basis of this and by changing the scanning mode, the linear array detector limited angle projection data CT three-dimensional reconstruction is realized.Experiments show that the method can effectively realize the limited angle projection data reconstruction based on line scanning, and is a powerful supplement of limited angle projection data CT three-dimensional reconstruction by the surface array detector.

  17. Memory Unit Optimization for Path Metric Values in Viterbi Decoder ACS Unit%Viterbi Decoder ACS单元中路径度量值存储空间的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭正伟; 赵勇

    2007-01-01

    ACS单元的设计及路径度量(PM)值的存储是Viterbi Decoder硬件实现的重要部分之一.介绍了一种码率为1/2的硬判决Viterbi Decoder的ACS部分的硬件实现方法.采用了一种全新的设计与存储方式,即原位运算旋转地址的方式,极大地节省了在ACS运算过程中用以存储路径度量值的RAM空间,大量的实验证明,设计的译码器在资源消耗上有较大优势.

  18. 基于自适应UKF算法的MEMS陀螺空中在线标定技术%In-flight on-line calibration method for MEMS gyroscope based on adaptive unscented Kalman filter algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦伟; 苑伟政; 常洪龙; 薛亮

    2011-01-01

    The attitude sensors need to be calibrated on-line in order to guarantee the performance of system in the application of the micro-satellite.A real-time drift error estimation method of MEMS gyroscope is presented by using three-axis magnetometer measurements without any external attitude reference.The unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is applied as the optimal estimation algorithm, the gyroscope drift is used as the filter state vector, and the finite difference of magnetometers observation is established as the measurement vector.Since the measurements of the magnetometers are susceptible to interferences, and this would lead to inaccuracy of the filter model, the adaptive UKF is applied to decrease the drift estimation errors of the gyroscope by monitoring the measurements vectors and adjusting its covariance matrix on-line.The experiment results indicate that the accuracy of the calibrated MEMS gyroscopes has improved about 30%, and the filter parameters are adjusted automatically when the magnetometer measurements are deteriorated, which make the filter convergence.Furthermore, the accuracy of dynamic attitude computed by the calibrated MEMS gyroscope is smaller than 2°.%为保证微型卫星定位应用中系统精度与稳定性,需要对姿态传感器进行实时在线标定.在无外界姿态参考时,提出一种用三轴磁强计测量值来实时估计MEMs陀螺的零漂误差的方法,采用UKF滤波算法,将陀螺漂移作为滤波状态向量,通过建立三轴磁强计测量微分方程,作为系统量测方程实现陀螺漂移的最优估计.针对磁强计测量信息易受干扰导致滤波量测模型不准确的问题,将自适应因子引入到UKF中,通过在线监控和调整测量误差,减少陀螺标定的估计误差,增强系统性能.实验结果表明,经过标定,MEMS陀螺精度提高约30%,并且在磁强计有外界干扰时,陀螺的标定结果收敛.将标定后的MEMS陀螺进行姿态解算,其动态误差小于2°.

  19. Algorithms for a parallel implementation of Hidden Markov Models with a small state space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper; Sand, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Two of the most important algorithms for Hidden Markov Models are the forward and the Viterbi algorithms. We show how formulating these using linear algebra naturally lends itself to parallelization. Although the obtained algorithms are slow for Hidden Markov Models with large state spaces......, they require very little communication between processors, and are fast in practice on models with a small state space. We have tested our implementation against two other imple- mentations on artificial data and observe a speed-up of roughly a factor of 5 for the forward algorithm and more than 6...... for the Viterbi algorithm. We also tested our algorithm in the Coalescent Hidden Markov Model framework, where it gave a significant speed-up....

  20. Very low power consumption Viterbi decoder LSIC employing the SST (Scarce State Transition) scheme for multimedia mobile communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seki, K.; Kubota, S.; Mizoguchi, M.; Kato, S.

    1994-04-01

    A very low power consumption Viterbi decoder LSIC has been developed by using a low supply voltage 0.8 micron CMOS master slice process technology. By employing the scarce state transition (SST) scheme, this LSIC achieves a drastic reduction in power consumption below 600 mu W at a supply voltage of IV when the data rate is 1152 kbit/s and the bit error rate is less than 10(exp - 3). This excellent performance has paved the way to employing the strong forward error correction and low power consumption portable terminals for personal communications, mobile multimedia communications, and digital and audio broadcasting.

  1. Formación on line On line learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Grau-Perejoan

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La formación on line es una modalidad de enseñanza a distancia basada en las nuevas tecnologías. En este artículo se pretende hacer una introducción a base de describir a grandes rasgos sus características principales: asincronía, no presencialidad, comunicación escrita, función del profesor on line, así como los retos, los riesgos, las ventajas y los inconvenientes que plantea. Se exponen las diferencias entre la formación on line y la formación presencial, de manera que los docentes puedan adaptar de la mejor manera posible sus propuestas formativas a la modalidad on line. Se introduce el importantísimo papel de la planificación y de la fase de diseño y, finalmente, se repasan conceptos útiles para comprender mejor el mundo de la formación on line como son los conceptos entorno virtual de aprendizaje (EVA o Blended Learning (B-Learning.On line learning is a type of distance education based on new technologies. This article's aim is to introduce its main characteristics -asynchrony, non-presentiality, written communication, e-teacher role- as well as its challenges, risks, advantages and limitations. Differences between on line learning and face-to-face learning are presented in order to enable educational professionals to adapt their courses to the on line methodology. Planning and designing are introduced as key phases and, finally, useful concepts such as Virtual Learning Environment (VLE or Blended Learning (B-Learning are reviewed in order to achieve a better understanding of the on line learning field.

  2. Stochastic Analysis of an Iterative Semi Blind Adaptive Beamforming Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-24

    beam- forming, demodulation, equalization, and decoding . In each stage, the initial beamformer weights computed by the TDMA training data are refined by...performance of the receiver for the Global System for Mobile commu- nications ( GSM ). In recent years, there has been work on techniques to mitigate the...Viterbi algorithm (SOVA) [5], and decoding . In this paper, we extend the iterative beamformer to in- corporate training-based as well as blind

  3. An Asynchronous Low Power and High Performance VLSI Architecture for Viterbi Decoder Implemented with Quasi Delay Insensitive Templates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, T Kalavathi; Palaniappan, Sakthivel

    2015-01-01

    Convolutional codes are comprehensively used as Forward Error Correction (FEC) codes in digital communication systems. For decoding of convolutional codes at the receiver end, Viterbi decoder is often used to have high priority. This decoder meets the demand of high speed and low power. At present, the design of a competent system in Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) technology requires these VLSI parameters to be finely defined. The proposed asynchronous method focuses on reducing the power consumption of Viterbi decoder for various constraint lengths using asynchronous modules. The asynchronous designs are based on commonly used Quasi Delay Insensitive (QDI) templates, namely, Precharge Half Buffer (PCHB) and Weak Conditioned Half Buffer (WCHB). The functionality of the proposed asynchronous design is simulated and verified using Tanner Spice (TSPICE) in 0.25 µm, 65 nm, and 180 nm technologies of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacture Company (TSMC). The simulation result illustrates that the asynchronous design techniques have 25.21% of power reduction compared to synchronous design and work at a speed of 475 MHz.

  4. Reduced complexity of multi-track joint 2-D Viterbi detectors for bit-patterned media recording channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myint, L. M. M.; Warisarn, C.

    2017-05-01

    Two-dimensional (2-D) interference is one of the prominent challenges in ultra-high density recording system such as bit patterned media recording (BPMR). The multi-track joint 2-D detection technique with the help of the array-head reading can tackle this problem effectively by jointly processing the multiple readback signals from the adjacent tracks. Moreover, it can robustly alleviate the impairments due to track mis-registration (TMR) and media noise. However, the computational complexity of such detectors is normally too high and hard to implement in a reality, even for a few multiple tracks. Therefore, in this paper, we mainly focus on reducing the complexity of multi-track joint 2-D Viterbi detector without paying a large penalty in terms of the performance. We propose a simplified multi-track joint 2-D Viterbi detector with a manageable complexity level for the BPMR's multi-track multi-head (MTMH) system. In the proposed method, the complexity of detector's trellis is reduced with the help of the joint-track equalization method which employs 1-D equalizers and 2-D generalized partial response (GPR) target. Moreover, we also examine the performance of a full-fledged multi-track joint 2-D detector and the conventional 2-D detection. The results show that the simplified detector can perform close to the full-fledge detector, especially when the system faces high media noise, with the significant low complexity.

  5. Adaptive calibration method with on-line growing complexity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šika Z.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a modified variant of a kinematical calibration algorithm. In the beginning, a brief review of the calibration algorithm and its simple modification are described. As the described calibration modification uses some ideas used by the Lolimot algorithm, the algorithm is described and explained. Main topic of this paper is a description of a synthesis of the Lolimot-based calibration that leads to an adaptive algorithm with an on-line growing complexity. The paper contains a comparison of simple examples results and a discussion. A note about future research topics is also included.

  6. ON-LINE SCHEDULING WITH REJECTION ON IDENTICAL PARALLEL MACHINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cuixia MIAO; Yuzhong ZHANG

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the on-line scheduling of unit time jobs with rejection on m identical parallel machines. The objective is to minimize the total completion time of the accepted jobs plus the total penalty of the rejected jobs. We give an on-line algorithm for the problem with competitive ratio 1/2(2 + √3) ≈ 1.86602.

  7. CERN Video News on line

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The latest CERN video news is on line. In this issue : an interview with the Director General and reports on the new home for the DELPHI barrel and the CERN firemen's spectacular training programme. There's also a vintage video news clip from 1954. See: www.cern.ch/video or Bulletin web page

  8. Clean Air OnLine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finney, D. [Environment Canada, Gatineau, PQ (Canada). Air Pollution Prevention Directorate

    2004-04-07

    This presentation describes Clean Air OnLine, a multi-tiered website dedicated to providing Canadians with information on air quality. The website is under development to support action to reduce air emissions, demonstrate the links between air emissions and environmental impacts, and enhance the understanding of sustainable community development issues such as health, energy, and urban sprawl. Partners in the Clean Air OnLine (CAOL) initiative include Environment Canada and the Clean Air Partnership which includes the Greater Toronto Area pilot project. The audience for CAOL includes municipal decision makers, local decision makers, community leaders, and the general public. The project provides Canadians with air pollution contextual information on pollution sources, pollutants, and related issues. It also provides information on health, environmental and economic impacts and the interrelationships with climate change issues and energy use. tabs., figs.

  9. On-line moisture analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Cutmore, N G

    2002-01-01

    Measurement of the moisture content of iron ore has become a key issue for controlling moisture additions for dust suppression. In most cases moisture content is still determined by manual or automatic sampling of the ore stream, followed by conventional laboratory analysis by oven drying. Although this procedure enables the moisture content to be routinely monitored, it is too slow for control purposes. This has generated renewed interest in on-line techniques for the accurate and rapid measurement of moisture in iron ore on conveyors. Microwave transmission techniques have emerged over the past 40 years as the dominant technology for on-line measurement of moisture in bulk materials, including iron ores. Alternative technologies have their limitations. Infra-red analysers are used in a variety of process industries, but rely on the measurement of absorption by moisture in a very thin surface layer. Consequently such probes may be compromised by particle size effects and biased presentation of the bulk mater...

  10. A Feature Extraction Algorithm of Cannon-ball Fuse Riveted Point Based on Line Scanning%基于行扫描的炮弹引信铆点特征提取

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝旺; 杨润泽; 尹晓春

    2011-01-01

    在炮弹引信铆点机器视觉识别中,有效消除图像中各种干扰、正确提取铆点特征是关键,解决好铆点特征的准确提取问题,是炮弹引信安全破除铆点的前提条件;根据铆点的结构特点,分析了产生各种干扰的原因及特点,在高斯滤波,阀值分割、形态学运算等基本运算的基础上,提出了一种基于行扫描的铆点特征提取方法;测试结果表明,提出的方法可行,铆点正确识别率达到90%以上,具有高效性和很好的鲁棒性的铆点特征提取,使得炮弹铆点的准确破除成为可能.%In the process of Cannon-ball Fuse Riveted point recognizing by machine vision, to eliminate the image interference effectively and to extract the riveted point feature accurately is the key point. The solution of Riveted point recognizing problem, is the condition of destroying Riveted point safely. Researching the reason of interference and its characteristic, after using basic image processing method by linear Gauss filtering, threshold segmentation, mathematical morphology, a line scanning algorithm is presented. This algorithm can resolve the problem of riveted point recognizing successfully. The recognizing accuracy ratio can reach 90 percents. To extract the riveted point feature effectively and robustly. make the operation of Fuse Riveted Point can be realized.

  11. The dynamics of on-line principal component analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biehl, M.; Schlösser, E.

    1998-01-01

    The learning dynamics of an on-line algorithm for principal component analysis is described exactly in the thermodynamic limit by means of coupled ordinary differential equations for a set of order parameters. It is demonstrated that learning is delayed significantly because existing symmetries amon

  12. The Treeterbi and Parallel Treeterbi algorithms: efficient, optimal decoding for ordinary, generalized and pair HMMs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keibler, Evan; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan; Brent, Michael R

    2007-01-01

    MOTIVATION: Hidden Markov models (HMMs) and generalized HMMs been successfully applied to many problems, but the standard Viterbi algorithm for computing the most probable interpretation of an input sequence (known as decoding) requires memory proportional to the length of the sequence, which can......, our pair HMM based cDNA-to-genome aligner. AVAILABILITY: The TWINSCAN/N-SCAN/PAIRAGON open source software package is available from http://genes.cse.wustl.edu....

  13. 基于GMDH算法的配电网线损数据预处理研究%Research on line loss data pretreatment in distribution network based on GMDH algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何艺; 陈俊

    2015-01-01

    According to the line loss calculation characteristics of distribution network, and the conditions of data missing and data abnormalities, the pretreatment model of line loss data pretreatment in distribution network based on group method of data handing (GMDH) algorithm is established, which can handle the abnormal data. The upper and lower limit of dependent variable and independent variable are determined based on k-nearest neighbors algorithm in the model, random interpolation and data packet processing model of all variables is established. The optimal GMDH model is searched and the missing value is calculated under iteration cycle. Experimental results show that the model has small calculations results error and fast computing speed, which can effectively and dynamically update missing line loss data, and optimize line loss calculation and analysis results.%针对当前配电网线损计算的特点及数据存在缺失、异常等情况,基于数据分组处理算法(GMDH)建立了配电网线损缺失数据的预处理模型,实现对线损缺失数据的预处理。模型基于最邻近算法确定因变量和自变量缺失值的上下限,并进行随机插补,建立所有变量的数据分组处理模型,寻找最优复杂度模型,计算缺失值并进行迭代循环。算例结果表明,模型计算结果误差小、运算速度快,对缺失的线损数据能进行有效的动态更新,提升了数据质量,优化线损计算分析结果。

  14. PHENIX on-line systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adler, S.S.; Allen, M.; Alley, G.; Amirikas, R.; Arai, Y.; Awes, T.C.; Barish, K.N.; Barta, F.; Batsouli, S.; Belikov, S.; Bennett, M.J.; Bobrek, M.; Boissevain, J.G.; Boose, S.; Britton, C.; Britton, L.; Bryan, W.L.; Cafferty, M.M.; Carey, T.A.; Chang, W.C.; Chi, C.Y.; Chiu, M.; Cianciolo, V.; Cole, B.A.; Constantin, P.; Cook, K.C.; Cunitz, H.; Desmond, E.J.; Ebisu, K.; Efremenko, Y.V.; El Chenawi, K.; Emery, M.S.; Engo, D.; Ericson, N.; Fields, D.E.; Frank, S.; Frantz, J.E.; Franz, A.; Frawley, A.D.; Fried, J.; Gannon, J.; Gee, T.F.; Gentry, R.; Giannotti, P.; Gustafsson, H.-A.; Haggerty, J.S.; Hahn, S.; Halliwell, J.; Hamagaki, H.; Hansen, A.G.; Hara, H.; Harder, J.; He, X.; Heistermann, F.; Hemmick, T.K.; Hibino, M.; Hill, J.C. E-mail: jhill@iastate.edu; Homma, K.; Jacak, B.V.; Jagadish, U.; Jia, J.; Kajihara, F.; Kametani, S.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kandasamy, A.; Kang, J.H.; Kapustinsky, J.; Katou, K.; Kelley, M.A.; Kelly, S.; Kikuchi, J.; Kim, S.Y.; Kim, Y.G.; Kistenev, E.; Kotchetkov, D.; Kurita, K.; Lajoie, J.G.; Lenz, M.; Lenz, W.; Li, X.H.; Lin, S.; Liu, M.X.; Markacs, S.; Matathias, F.; Matsumoto, T.; Mead, J.; Mischke, R.E.; Mishra, G.C.; Moore, A.; Muniruzzamann, M.; Musrock, M.; Nagle, J.L.; Nandi, B.K.; Newby, J.; Nystrand, J.; O' Brien, E.; O' Connor, P.; Ohnishi, H.; Oskarsson, A.; Osterman, L.; Oyama, K.; Paffrath, L.; Pancake, C.E.; Pantuev, V.S.; Petridis, A.N.; Pisani, R.P.; Plagge, T.; Plasil, F.; Purschke, M.L.; Rankowitz, S.; Rao, R.; Rau, M.; Read, K.F.; Ryu, S.S.; Sakaguchi, T.; Sato, H.D.; Seto, R.; Shiina, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Simon-Gillo, J.; Simpson, M.; Sippach, W.; Skank, H.D.; Skutnik, S.; Sleege, G.A.; Smith, G.D.; Smith, M.; Stankus, P.W.; Steinberg, P.; Sugitate, T.; Sullivan, J.P.; Taketani, A.; Tamai, M.; Tanaka, Y.; Thomas, W.D.; Todd, R.; Toldo, F.; Turner, G.; Ushiroda, T.; Velkovska, J.; Hecke, H.W. van; Lith, M. van; Villatte, L.; Achen, W. von; Walker, J.W.; Wang, H.Q.; White, S.N.; Wintenberg, A.L.; Witzig, C.; Wood, L.[and others

    2003-03-01

    The PHENIX On-Line system takes signals from the Front End Modules (FEM) on each detector subsystem for the purpose of generating events for physics analysis. Processing of event data begins when the Data Collection Modules (DCM) receive data via fiber-optic links from the FEMs. The DCMs format and zero suppress the data and generate data packets. These packets go to the Event Builders (EvB) that assemble the events in final form. The Level-1 trigger (LVL1) generates a decision for each beam crossing and eliminates uninteresting events. The FEMs carry out all detector processing of the data so that it is delivered to the DCMs using a standard format. The FEMs also provide buffering for LVL1 trigger processing and DCM data collection. This is carried out using an architecture that is pipelined and deadtimeless. All of this is controlled by the Master Timing System (MTS) that distributes the RHIC clocks. A Level-2 trigger (LVL2) gives additional discrimination. A description of the components and operation of the PHENIX On-Line system is given and the solution to a number of electronic infrastructure problems are discussed.

  15. An area-efficient path memory structure for VLSI Implementation of high speed Viterbi decoders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Erik; Pedersen, Steen; Sparsø, Jens

    1991-01-01

    area savings compared to the REA and the TBA are achieved. Furthermore, the relative area savings increase for larger decoding depths, which might be desirable for punctured codes.Based on the new algorithm a test chip has been designed and fabricated in a 2 micron CMOS process using MOSIS like...

  16. 5th Computer Science On-line Conference

    CERN Document Server

    Senkerik, Roman; Oplatkova, Zuzana; Silhavy, Petr; Prokopova, Zdenka

    2016-01-01

    This volume is based on the research papers presented in the 5th Computer Science On-line Conference. The volume Artificial Intelligence Perspectives in Intelligent Systems presents modern trends and methods to real-world problems, and in particular, exploratory research that describes novel approaches in the field of artificial intelligence. New algorithms in a variety of fields are also presented. The Computer Science On-line Conference (CSOC 2016) is intended to provide an international forum for discussions on the latest research results in all areas related to Computer Science. The addressed topics are the theoretical aspects and applications of Computer Science, Artificial Intelligences, Cybernetics, Automation Control Theory and Software Engineering.

  17. Trellises and Trellis-Based Decoding Algorithms for Linear Block Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu

    1998-01-01

    A code trellis is a graphical representation of a code, block or convolutional, in which every path represents a codeword (or a code sequence for a convolutional code). This representation makes it possible to implement Maximum Likelihood Decoding (MLD) of a code with reduced decoding complexity. The most well known trellis-based MLD algorithm is the Viterbi algorithm. The trellis representation was first introduced and used for convolutional codes [23]. This representation, together with the Viterbi decoding algorithm, has resulted in a wide range of applications of convolutional codes for error control in digital communications over the last two decades. There are two major reasons for this inactive period of research in this area. First, most coding theorists at that time believed that block codes did not have simple trellis structure like convolutional codes and maximum likelihood decoding of linear block codes using the Viterbi algorithm was practically impossible, except for very short block codes. Second, since almost all of the linear block codes are constructed algebraically or based on finite geometries, it was the belief of many coding theorists that algebraic decoding was the only way to decode these codes. These two reasons seriously hindered the development of efficient soft-decision decoding methods for linear block codes and their applications to error control in digital communications. This led to a general belief that block codes are inferior to convolutional codes and hence, that they were not useful. Chapter 2 gives a brief review of linear block codes. The goal is to provide the essential background material for the development of trellis structure and trellis-based decoding algorithms for linear block codes in the later chapters. Chapters 3 through 6 present the fundamental concepts, finite-state machine model, state space formulation, basic structural properties, state labeling, construction procedures, complexity, minimality, and

  18. On-Line Real Time Realization and Application of Adaptive Fuzzy Inference Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In this paper,a modeling algorithm developed by transferring the adaptive fuzzy inference neural network into an on-line real time algorithm,combining the algorithm with conventional system identification method and applying them to separate identification of nonlinear mu Iti-variable systems is introduced and discussed.

  19. Behavioral On-Line Advertising

    CERN Document Server

    Caruso, Fabrizio; Zarba, Calogero

    2011-01-01

    We present a new algorithm for behavioral targeting of banner advertisements. We record different user's actions such as clicks, search queries and page views. We use the collected information on the user to estimate in real time the probability of a click on a banner. A banner is displayed if it either has the highest probability of being clicked or if it is the one that generates the highest average profit.

  20. GENETIC ALGORITHM FOR DECODING LINEAR CODES OVER AWGN AND FADING CHANNELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. BERBIA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a decoder for binary linear codes based on Genetic Algorithm (GA over the Gaussian and Rayleigh flat fading channel. The performances and compututional complexity of our decoder applied to BCH and convolutional codes are good compared to Chase-2 and Viterbi algorithm respectively. It show that our algorithm is less complex for linear block codes of large block length; furthermore it's performances can be improved by tuning the decoder's parameters, in particular the number of individuals by population and the number of generations

  1. 基于HMM的地形高度匹配算法%An HMM Based Terrain Elevation Matching Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯庆堂; 沈林成; 常文森; 叶媛媛

    2005-01-01

    Terrain-aided navigation (TAN) uses terrain height variations under an aircraft to render the position estimate to bound the inertial navigation system (INS) error. This paper proposes a new terrain elevation matching(TEM) model, viz. Hidden-Markov-model(HMM) based TEM (HMMTEM) model. With the given model, an HMMTEM algorithm using Viterbi algorithm is designed and implemented to estimate the position error in INS. The simulation results show that HMMTEM algorithm can better improve the positioning precision of autonomous navigation than SITAN algorithm.

  2. Distributed Algorithms for Scheduling on Line and Tree Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Chakaravarthy, Venkatesan T; Sabharwal, Yogish

    2012-01-01

    We have a set of processors (or agents) and a set of graph networks defined over some vertex set. Each processor can access a subset of the graph networks. Each processor has a demand specified as a pair of vertices $$, along with a profit; the processor wishes to send data between $u$ and $v$. Towards that goal, the processor needs to select a graph network accessible to it and a path connecting $u$ and $v$ within the selected network. The processor requires exclusive access to the chosen path, in order to route the data. Thus, the processors are competing for routes/channels. A feasible solution selects a subset of demands and schedules each selected demand on a graph network accessible to the processor owning the demand; the solution also specifies the paths to use for this purpose. The requirement is that for any two demands scheduled on the same graph network, their chosen paths must be edge disjoint. The goal is to output a solution having the maximum aggregate profit. Prior work has addressed the above...

  3. Lower Bounds and Semi On-line Multiprocessor Scheduling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.C. Edwin Cheng

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available We are given a set of identical machines and a sequence of jobs from which we know the sum of the job weights in advance. The jobs have to be assigned on-line to one of the machines and the objective is to minimize the makespan. An algorithm with performance ratio 1.6 and a lower bound of 1.5 is presented. This improves recent results by Azar and Regev who published an algorithm with performance ratio 1.625 for the less general problem that the optimal makespan is known in advance.

  4. On-Line Impact Load Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Sekuła

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The so-called Adaptive Impact Absorption (AIA is a research area of safety engineering devoted to problems of shock absorption in various unpredictable scenarios of collisions. It makes use of smart technologies (systems equipped with sensors, controllable dissipaters and specialised tools for signal processing. Examples of engineering applications for AIA systems are protective road barriers, automotive bumpers or adaptive landing gears. One of the most challenging problems for AIA systems is on-line identification of impact loads, which is crucial for introducing the optimum real-time strategy of adaptive impact absorption. This paper presents the concept of an impactometer and develops the methodology able to perform real-time impact load identification. Considered dynamic excitation is generated by a mass M1 impacting with initial velocity V0. An analytical formulation of the problem, supported with numerical simulations and experimental verifications is presented. Two identification algorithms based on measured response of the impacted structure are proposed and discussed. Finally, a concept of the AIA device utilizing the idea of impactometer is briefly presented.

  5. On-line blind separation of non-stationary signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorović-Zarkula Slavica

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the problem of blind separation of non-stationary signals. We introduce an on-line separating algorithm for estimation of independent source signals using the assumption of non-stationary of sources. As a separating model, we apply a self-organizing neural network with lateral connections, and define a contrast function based on correlation of the network outputs. A separating algorithm for adaptation of the network weights is derived using the state-space model of the network dynamics, and the extended Kalman filter. Simulation results obtained in blind separation of artificial and real-world signals from their artificial mixtures have shown that separating algorithm based on the extended Kalman filter outperforms stochastic gradient based algorithm both in convergence speed and estimation accuracy.

  6. An On-line Assessment System for English-Chinese Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Yan; LU Ru-zhan; DUAN Jian-yong

    2007-01-01

    On-line assessment of English-Chinese translation is a challenging task as it involves natural language processing. YanFa, an on-line assessment system for English-Chinese translation, is a pilot research project into scoring student's translation on-line. Based on the theory of translation equivalence, an algorithm called "conceptual similarity matching" was developed. YanFa can assess students' translation on-line timely, generate test papers automatically, offer standard versions of translation, and the scores of each sentence to students. The evaluation proves that YanFa is practical compared with the scores given by experts.

  7. Are on-line currencies virtual banknotes?

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen F. Quinn; William Roberds

    2003-01-01

    The history of money is marked by innovations that have expanded the role of "inside money"-money created by the private sector. For instance, the past few years have seen the development of several types of on-line payment arrangements, some of which have been dubbed "on-line currencies." ; This article examines the likely success or failure of on-line currencies by means of a historical analogy. The discussion compares the introduction of on-line currencies to the debut of the bearer bankno...

  8. On-line fuzzy logic control of tube bending

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieh, Junghsen; Li, Wei Jie

    2005-11-01

    This paper describes the simulation and on-line fuzzy logic control of tube bending. By combining elasticity and plasticity theories, a conventional model was developed. The results from simulation were compared with those obtained from testing. The experimental data reveal that there exists certain level of uncertainty and nonlinearity in tube bending, and its variation could be significant. To overcome this, a on-line fuzzy logic controller with self-tuning capabilities was designed. The advantages of this on-line system are (1) its computational requirement is simple in comparison with more algorithmic-based controllers, and (2) the system does not need prior knowledge of material characteristics. The device includes an AC motor, a servo controller, a forming mechanism, a 3D optical sensor, and a microprocessor. This automated bending machine adopts primary and secondary errors between the actual response and desired output to conduct on-line rule reasoning. Results from testing show that the spring back angle can be effectively compensated by the self- tuning fuzzy system in a real-time fashion.

  9. A note on on-line Ramsey numbers for quadrilaterals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Cyman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider on-line Ramsey numbers defined by a game played between two players, Builder and Painter. In each round Builder draws an the edge and Painter colors it either red or blue, as it appears. Builder's goal is to force Painter to create a monochromatic copy of a fixed graph \\(H\\ in as few rounds as possible. The minimum number of rounds (assuming both players play perfectly is the on-line Ramsey number \\(\\widetilde{r}(H\\ of the graph \\(H\\. An asymmetric version of the on-line Ramsey numbers \\(\\widetilde{r}(G,H\\ is defined accordingly. In 2005, Kurek and Ruciński computed \\(\\widetilde{r}(C_3\\. In this paper, we compute \\(\\widetilde{r}(C_4,C_k\\ for \\(3 \\le k \\le 7\\. Most of the results are based on computer algorithms but we obtain the exact value \\(\\widetilde{r}(C_4\\ and do so without the help of computer algorithms.

  10. On line routing per mobile phone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bieding, Thomas; Görtz, Simon; Klose, Andreas

    2009-01-01

    On-line routing is concerned with building vehicle routes in an ongoing fashion in such a way that customer requests arriving dynamically in time are efficiently and effectively served. An indispensable prerequisite for applying on-line routing methods is mobile communication technology. Addition...

  11. The war against on-line piracy

    OpenAIRE

    Harris, Julian

    2011-01-01

    A summary by Julian Harris, Deputy General Editor Amicus Curiae, of US attempts to control what it identifies as rogue Internet sites engaged in on-line piracy and opposition to such legislative moves.

  12. On-Line Acquisitions by LOLITA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances G. Spigai

    1970-12-01

    Full Text Available The on-line acquisition program (LOLITA in use at the Oregon State University Library is described in terms of development costs, equipment requirements, and overall design philosophy. In particular, the record format and content of records in the on-order file, and the on-line processing of these records (input, search, correction, output using a cathode ray tube display terminal are detailed.

  13. ACSEPP On-Line Electronic Payment Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shao-bin; ZHU Xian; HONG Fan

    2004-01-01

    With analyzing the existing on-line electronic payment protocols, this paper presents a new on-line electronic payment protocol named ACSEPP: Anonymous, Convenient and Secure Electronic Payment Protocol.Its aim is to design a practical electronic payment protocol which is both secure and convenient.Without using PKI_CA frame, it realized the anonymity of consumer and merchant, the convenient of handling, the low cost of maintenance and the security.

  14. More accurate recombination prediction in HIV-1 using a robust decoding algorithm for HMMs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brown Daniel G

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Identifying recombinations in HIV is important for studying the epidemiology of the virus and aids in the design of potential vaccines and treatments. The previous widely-used tool for this task uses the Viterbi algorithm in a hidden Markov model to model recombinant sequences. Results We apply a new decoding algorithm for this HMM that improves prediction accuracy. Exactly locating breakpoints is usually impossible, since different subtypes are highly conserved in some sequence regions. Our algorithm identifies these sites up to a certain error tolerance. Our new algorithm is more accurate in predicting the location of recombination breakpoints. Our implementation of the algorithm is available at http://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~jmtruszk/jphmm_balls.tar.gz. Conclusions By explicitly accounting for uncertainty in breakpoint positions, our algorithm offers more reliable predictions of recombination breakpoints in HIV-1. We also document a new domain of use for our new decoding approach in HMMs.

  15. Trellises and Trellis-Based Decoding Algorithms for Linear Block Codes. Part 3; A Recursive Maximum Likelihood Decoding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu; Fossorier, Marc

    1998-01-01

    The Viterbi algorithm is indeed a very simple and efficient method of implementing the maximum likelihood decoding. However, if we take advantage of the structural properties in a trellis section, other efficient trellis-based decoding algorithms can be devised. Recently, an efficient trellis-based recursive maximum likelihood decoding (RMLD) algorithm for linear block codes has been proposed. This algorithm is more efficient than the conventional Viterbi algorithm in both computation and hardware requirements. Most importantly, the implementation of this algorithm does not require the construction of the entire code trellis, only some special one-section trellises of relatively small state and branch complexities are needed for constructing path (or branch) metric tables recursively. At the end, there is only one table which contains only the most likely code-word and its metric for a given received sequence r = (r(sub 1), r(sub 2),...,r(sub n)). This algorithm basically uses the divide and conquer strategy. Furthermore, it allows parallel/pipeline processing of received sequences to speed up decoding.

  16. ON-LINE SCHEDULING OF UNIT TIME JOBS WITH REJECTION ON UNIFORM MACHINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shoupeng LIU; Yuzhong ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    The authors consider the problem of on-line scheduling of unit execution time jobs on uniform machines with rejection penalty. The jobs arrive one by one and can be either accepted and scheduled, or be rejected. The objective is to minimize the total completion time of the accepted jobs and the total penalty of the rejection jobs. The authors propose an on-line algorithm and prove that the competitive ratio is 1/2 (2 + ) ≈ 1.86602.

  17. Formación on line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Grau-Perejoan

    Full Text Available La formación on line es una modalidad de enseñanza a distancia basada en las nuevas tecnologías. En este artículo se pretende hacer una introducción a base de describir a grandes rasgos sus características principales: asincronía, no presencialidad, comunicación escrita, función del profesor on line, así como los retos, los riesgos, las ventajas y los inconvenientes que plantea. Se exponen las diferencias entre la formación on line y la formación presencial, de manera que los docentes puedan adaptar de la mejor manera posible sus propuestas formativas a la modalidad on line. Se introduce el importantísimo papel de la planificación y de la fase de diseño y, finalmente, se repasan conceptos útiles para comprender mejor el mundo de la formación on line como son los conceptos entorno virtual de aprendizaje (EVA o Blended Learning (B-Learning.

  18. Integrated Health Monitoring and Fast on-Line Actuator Reconfiguration Enhancement (IHM-FLARE) System for Air Vehicles Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — SSCI proposes to develop innovative algorithms for the integration of Health Monitoring (HM) subsystem with the existing FLARE (Fast on-Line Actuator Reconfiguration...

  19. On line routing per mobile phone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bieding, Thomas; Görtz, Simon; Klose, Andreas

    2009-01-01

    . Additionally it is of utmost importance that the employed communication system is suitable integrated with the firm’s enterprise application system and business processes. On basis of a case study, we describe in this paper a system that is cheap and easy to implement due to the use of simple mobile phones......On-line routing is concerned with building vehicle routes in an ongoing fashion in such a way that customer requests arriving dynamically in time are efficiently and effectively served. An indispensable prerequisite for applying on-line routing methods is mobile communication technology...

  20. Educational On-Line Gaming Propensity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana; Kirchner, Kathrin

    2014-01-01

    Educational on-line games are promising for new generations of students who are grown up digital. Th e new generations of students are technology savvy and spend lots of time on the web and on social networks. Based on an exploratory study, this article investigates the factors that infl uence...... students’ willingness to participate in serious games for teaching/learning. Th is study investigates the relationship between students’ behavior on Facebook, Facebook games, and their attitude toward educational on-line games. Th e results of the study reveal that the early adopters of educational games...

  1. On-line Supervised Adaptive Training Using Radial Basis Function Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Wan; Billings, Steve A.; Fung, Chi F.

    1996-12-01

    A new recursive supervised training algorithm is derived for the radial basis neural network architecture. The new algorithm combines the procedures of on-line candidate regressor selection with the conventional Givens QR based recursive parameter estimator to provide efficient adaptive supervised network training. A new concise on-line correlation based performance monitoring scheme is also introduced as an auxiliary device to detect structural changes in temporal data processing applications. Practical and simulated examples are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the new procedures. Copyright 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  2. Active load sharing technique for on-line efficiency optimization in DC microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanseverino, E. Riva; Zizzo, G.; Boscaino, V.

    2017-01-01

    , is created to store the real efficiencies of the converters taking into account components tolerances. A MATLAB/Simulink model of the DC distribution network has been set up and a Genetic Algorithm has been employed for the global efficiency optimization. Simulation results are shown to validate the proposed......-DC converters, is modeled. An active load sharing technique is proposed for the on-line optimization of the global efficiency of the DC distribution network. The algorithm aims at the instantaneous efficiency optimization of the whole DC network, based on the on-line load current sampling. A Look Up Table...

  3. ON-LINE DOCUMENTS CONTENT MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VASILESCU RAMONA VIOLETA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the steps and technologies used in developing an on-line application server with many desktop clients, and with high power processing for a wide range of input documents to obtain searchable documents on the highest portability standards, PDF and PDF /A.

  4. Educational On-Line Gaming Propensity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana; Kirchner, Kathrin

    2014-01-01

    Educational on-line games are promising for new generations of students who are grown up digital. Th e new generations of students are technology savvy and spend lots of time on the web and on social networks. Based on an exploratory study, this article investigates the factors that infl uence...... students’ willingness to participate in serious games for teaching/learning. Th is study investigates the relationship between students’ behavior on Facebook, Facebook games, and their attitude toward educational on-line games. Th e results of the study reveal that the early adopters of educational games...... are likely to be students, who are young, have only a few Facebook connections, who currently play Facebook game(s). Furthermore, the study emphasizes that there may be differences between students coming from various countries....

  5. New Trends in on-line Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Palkovič, Lukáš

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with new trend of internet marketing, it focuses especially on viral marketing. The theoretical part charasterizes the process of viral campaigns, furthermore deals with the components and aspects of on-line environment. Another separated chapter presents social networks, their place in viral marketing and at last but not least the viral video making process. The practical part contains different analyses of specific viral campaigns. The next and equally the last pa...

  6. Connecting to On-line Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, G.; Astrophysics Datacenter Executive Committee (ADEC)

    2004-05-01

    The Astrophysics Datacenter Executive Committee (ADEC) is coordinating the development of a system to facilitate the linking to on-line data. This system has three components: 1. Unique dataset identifiers. 2. A verification system for identifiers. 3. Permanent links to on-line data sets. 1. The ADEC has agreed on a naming scheme for data sets that allows for the unique identification of any data set. The ADEC data centers will clearly mark their data with these identifiers to allow the generation of links to these data. 2. Each data center has a utility that can check whether a data set identifier is a valid identifier at that center. A central verifier allows third parties access to these individual verifiers through a single portal. 3. The central verifier also provides permanent links to data sets through a central link forwarding system. This makes it possible to move data sets between data centers while maintaining the permanent links. The ADEC plans to first use this system to implement the linking from the literature to on-line data in a collaboration with the AAS and the University of Chicago Press for the AAS journals.

  7. A Refreshable, On-line Cache for HST Data Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraquelli, Dorothy A.; Ellis, Tracy A.; Ridgaway, Michael; DPAS Team

    2016-01-01

    We discuss upgrades to the HST Data Processing System, with an emphasis on the changes Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Archive users will experience. In particular, data are now held on-line (in a cache) removing the need to reprocess the data every time they are requested from the Archive. OTFR (on the fly reprocessing) has been replaced by a reprocessing system, which runs in the background. Data in the cache are automatically placed in the reprocessing queue when updated calibration reference files are received or when an improved calibration algorithm is installed. Data in the on-line cache are expected to be the most up to date version. These changes were phased in throughout 2015 for all active instruments.The on-line cache was populated instrument by instrument over the course of 2015. As data were placed in the cache, the flag that triggers OTFR was reset so that OTFR no longer runs on these data. "Hybrid" requests to the Archive are handled transparently, with data not yet in the cache provided via OTFR and the remaining data provided from the cache. Users do not need to make separate requests.Users of the MAST Portal will be able to download data from the cache immediately. For data not in the cache, the Portal will send the user to the standard "Retrieval Options Page," allowing the user to direct the Archive to process and deliver the data.The classic MAST Search and Retrieval interface has the same look and feel as previously. Minor changes, unrelated to the cache, have been made to the format of the Retrieval Options Page.

  8. An on-line automated sleep-wake classification system for laboratory animals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Witting, W; vanderWerf, D; Mirmiran, M

    1996-01-01

    A computerized sleep-wake classification program is presented that is capable of classifying sleep-wake states on-line in four animals simultaneously. Every 10 s the classification algorithm assigns sleep-wake states on the basis of the power spectrum of an EEG signal and the standard deviation of a

  9. Proceedings of the 6th Computer Science On-line Conference 2017

    CERN Document Server

    Senkerik, Roman; Oplatkova, Zuzana; Prokopova, Zdenka; Silhavy, Petr

    2017-01-01

    This book presents new methods and approaches to real-world problems as well as exploratory research that describes novel artificial intelligence applications, including deep learning, neural networks and hybrid algorithms. This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Artificial Intelligence Trends in Intelligent Systems Section of the 6th Computer Science On-line Conference 2017 (CSOC 2017), held in April 2017. .

  10. Deciding the On-line Chromatic Number of a Graph with Pre-coloring is PSPACE-complete

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kudahl, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In an on-line coloring, the vertices of a graph are revealed one by one. An algorithm assigns a color to each vertex after it is revealed. When a vertex is revealed, it is also revealed which of the previous vertices it is adjacent to. The on-line chromatic number of a graph, G, is the smallest...... number of colors an algorithm will need when on-line-coloring G. The algorithm may know G, but not the order in which the vertices are revealed. The problem of determining if the on-line chromatic number of a graph is less than or equal to k, given a pre-coloring, is shown to be PSPACE-complete....

  11. Research of on-line detection system for power capacitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Junda; Qian, Zheng; Yu, Hao; Xia, Jiuyun

    2016-01-01

    The hidden danger exists in the power capacitor of power system due to long-time operation under the environment of high voltage. Thus, it is possible to induce serious fault, and the on-line detection system is urgently required. In this paper, two methods of the on-line detection system are compared in order to realize the better real-time condition detection. The first method is based on the STM microprocessor with an internal 12 bit A/D converter, which converts analog signals which is arrived from the sample circuit into digital signals, and then the FFT algorithm is used to accomplish the measurement of the voltage and current values of the capacitor. The second method is based on the special electric energy metering IC, which can obtain RMS (Root Mean Square) of voltage and current by processing the sampled data of the voltage and current, and store RMS of voltage and current in its certain registers. The operating condition of the capacitor can be obtained after getting the values of voltage and current. By comparing the measuring results of two methods, the second method could achieve a higher measurement accuracy and more simple construction.

  12. On-line estimation of concentration parameters in fermentation processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Zhi-hua; HUANG Guo-hong; SHAO Hui-he

    2005-01-01

    It has long been thought that bioprocess, with their inherent measurement difficulties and complex dynamics, posed almost insurmountable problems to engineers. A novel software sensor is proposed to make more effective use of those measurements that are already available, which enable improvement in fermentation process control. The proposed method is based on mixtures of Gaussian processes (GP) with expectation maximization (EM) algorithm employed for parameter estimation of mixture of models. The mixture model can alleviate computational complexity of GP and also accord with changes of operating condition in fermentation processes, i.e., it would certainly be able to examine what types of process-knowledge would be most relevant for local models' specific operating points of the process and then combine them into a global one. Demonstrated by on-line estimate of yeast concentration in fermentation industry as an example, it is shown that soft sensor based state estimation is a powerful technique for both enhancing automatic control performance of biological systems and implementing on-line monitoring and optimization.

  13. On-line structure-lossless digital mammogram image compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun; Huang, H. K.

    1996-04-01

    This paper proposes a novel on-line structure lossless compression method for digital mammograms during the film digitization process. The structure-lossless compression segments the breast and the background, compresses the former with a predictive lossless coding method and discards the latter. This compression scheme is carried out during the film digitization process and no additional time is required for the compression. Digital mammograms are compressed on-the-fly while they are created. During digitization, lines of scanned data are first acquired into a small temporary buffer in the scanner, then they are transferred to a large image buffer in an acquisition computer which is connected to the scanner. The compression process, running concurrently with the digitization process in the acquisition computer, constantly checks the image buffer and compresses any newly arrived data. Since compression is faster than digitization, data compression is completed as soon as digitization is finished. On-line compression during digitization does not increase overall digitizing time. Additionally, it reduces the mammogram image size by a factor of 3 to 9 with no loss of information. This algorithm has been implemented in a film digitizer. Statistics were obtained based on digitizing 46 mammograms at four sampling distances from 50 to 200 microns.

  14. On-line methods for rotorcraft aeroelastic mode identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molusis, J. A.; Kleinman, D. L.

    1982-01-01

    The requirements for the on-line identification of rotorcraft aeroelastic blade modes from random response test data are presented. A recursive maximum likelihood (RML) technique is used in conjunction with a bandpass filter to identify isolated blade mode damping and frequency. The RML technique is demonstrated to have excellent convergence characteristics in random measurement noise and random process noise excitation. The RML identification technique uses an ARMA representation for the aeroelastic stochastic system and requires virtually no user interaction while providing accurate confidence bands on the parameter estimates. Comparisons are made with an off-line Newton type maximum likelihood algorithm which uses a state variable model representation. Results are presented from simulation random response data which quantify the identifed parameter convergence behavior for various levels of random excitation which is typical of wind tunnel turbulence levels. The RML technique is applied to hingless rotor test data from the NASA Langley Research Center Helicopter Hover Facility.

  15. 3rd Computer Science On-line Conference

    CERN Document Server

    Senkerik, Roman; Oplatkova, Zuzana; Silhavy, Petr; Prokopova, Zdenka

    2014-01-01

    This book is based on the research papers presented in the 3rd Computer Science On-line Conference 2014 (CSOC 2014).   The conference is intended to provide an international forum for discussions on the latest high-quality research results in all areas related to Computer Science. The topics addressed are the theoretical aspects and applications of Artificial Intelligences, Computer Science, Informatics and Software Engineering.   The authors provide new approaches and methods to real-world problems, and in particular, exploratory research that describes novel approaches in their field. Particular emphasis is laid on modern trends in selected fields of interest. New algorithms or methods in a variety of fields are also presented.   This book is divided into three sections and covers topics including Artificial Intelligence, Computer Science and Software Engineering. Each section consists of new theoretical contributions and applications which can be used for the further development of knowledge of everybod...

  16. On-Line Adaptive Radiation Therapy: Feasibility and Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taoran Li

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the feasibility and clinical dosimetric benefit of an on-line, that is, with the patient in the treatment position, Adaptive Radiation Therapy (ART system for prostate cancer treatment based on daily cone-beam CT imaging and fast volumetric reoptimization of treatment plans. A fast intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT plan reoptimization algorithm is implemented and evaluated with clinical cases. The quality of these adapted plans is compared to the corresponding new plans generated by an experienced planner using a commercial treatment planning system and also evaluated by an in-house developed tool estimating achievable dose-volume histograms (DVHs based on a database of existing treatment plans. In addition, a clinical implementation scheme for ART is designed and evaluated using clinical cases for its dosimetric qualities and efficiency.

  17. A Fingerprint Minutiae Matching Method Based on Line Segment Vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Minutiae-based fingerprint matching is the most commonly used in an automatic fingerprint identification system. In this paper, we propose a minutia matching method based on line segment vector. This method uses all the detected minutiae (the ridge ending and the ridge bifurcation) in a fingerprint image to create a set of new vectors (line segment vector). Using these vectors, we can determine a truer reference point more efficiently. In addition, this new minutiae vector can also increase the accuracy of the minutiae matching. By experiment on the public domain collections of fingerprint images fvc2004 DB3 set A and DB4 set A, the result shows that our algorithm can obtain an improved verification performance.

  18. Total on-line purchasing system (TOPS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, N.

    1995-11-01

    The Information Management Division (IMD) at LLNL is developing a new purchasing system for the Procurement Department. The first major development of this new system is called, {open_quotes}Total On-Line Purchasing System{close_quotes} (TOPS). TOPS will help speed up the requisitioning process by having requisitions electronically entered by requesters and electronically sent to buyers to be put on Purchase Orders. The new purchasing system will use Electronic Commerce (EC)/Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), to help increase transaction flows for shipping notices, RFQs, Quotes, Purchase Orders, and Invoices. ANSI X.12 is the EDI standard that this new EC will use.

  19. On-line and Mobil Learning Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, S. A.; Whittaker, T. M.; Jasmin, T.; Mooney, M. E.

    2012-12-01

    Introductory college-level science courses for non-majors are critical gateways to imparting not only discipline-specific information, but also the basics of the scientific method and how science influences society. They are also indispensable for student success to degree. On-line, web-based homework (whether on computers or mobile devices) is a rapidly growing use of the Internet and is becoming a major component of instruction in science, replacing delayed feedback from a few major exams. Web delivery and grading of traditional textbook-type questions is equally effective as having students write them out for hand grading, as measured by student performance on conceptual and problem solving exams. During this presentation we will demonstrate some of the interactive on-line activities used to teach concepts and how scientists approach problem solving, and how these activities have impacted student learning. Evaluation of the activities, including formative and summative, will be discussed and provide evidence that these interactive activities significantly enhance understanding of introductory meteorological concepts in a college-level science course. More advanced interactive activities are also used in our courses for department majors, some of these will be discussed and demonstrated. Bring your mobile devices to play along! Here is an example on teaching contouring: http://profhorn.aos.wisc.edu/wxwise/contour/index.html

  20. On-line range images registration with GPGPU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Będkowski, J.; Naruniec, J.

    2013-03-01

    This paper concerns implementation of algorithms in the two important aspects of modern 3D data processing: data registration and segmentation. Solution proposed for the first topic is based on the 3D space decomposition, while the latter on image processing and local neighbourhood search. Data processing is implemented by using NVIDIA compute unified device architecture (NIVIDIA CUDA) parallel computation. The result of the segmentation is a coloured map where different colours correspond to different objects, such as walls, floor and stairs. The research is related to the problem of collecting 3D data with a RGB-D camera mounted on a rotated head, to be used in mobile robot applications. Performance of the data registration algorithm is aimed for on-line processing. The iterative closest point (ICP) approach is chosen as a registration method. Computations are based on the parallel fast nearest neighbour search. This procedure decomposes 3D space into cubic buckets and, therefore, the time of the matching is deterministic. First technique of the data segmentation uses accele-rometers integrated with a RGB-D sensor to obtain rotation compensation and image processing method for defining pre-requisites of the known categories. The second technique uses the adapted nearest neighbour search procedure for obtaining normal vectors for each range point.

  1. Efficient On-line Schemes for Encoding Individual Sequences with Side Information at the Decoder

    CERN Document Server

    Reani, Avraham

    2009-01-01

    We present adaptive on-line schemes for lossy encoding of individual sequences under the conditions of the Wyner-Ziv (WZ) problem. In the first part of this article, a set of fixed-rate scalar source codes with zero delay is presented. We propose a randomized on-line coding scheme, which achieves asymptotically (and with high probability), the performance of the best source code in the set, uniformly over all source sequences. The scheme uses the same rate and has zero delay. We then present an efficient algorithm for implementing our on-line coding scheme in the case of a relatively small set of encoders. We also present an efficient algorithm for the case of a larger set of encoders with a structure, using the method of the weighted graph and the Weight Pushing Algorithm (WPA). In the second part of this article, we extend our results to the case of variable-rate coding. A set of variable-rate scalar source codes is presented. We generalize the randomized on-line coding scheme, to our case. This time, the p...

  2. Efficient iterative adaptive pole placement algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊民; 李靖; 杨磊

    2004-01-01

    An iterative adaptive pole placement algorithm is presented. The stability and the convergence of the algorithm are respectively established. Since one-step iterative formulation in computing controller's parameters is used, the on-line computation cost is greatly reduced with respected to the traditional algorithm. The algorithm with the feed-forward can follow arbitrarily bounded output. The algorithm is also extended to multivariate case. Simulation examples show the efficiency and robustness of the algorithm.

  3. On-Line Wavelength Calibration of Pulsed Laser for CO2 Differential Absorption LIDAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Chengzhi; Ma, Xin; Han, Ge; Liang, Ailin; Gong, Wei

    2016-06-01

    Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) remote sensing is a promising technology for atmospheric CO2 detection. However, stringent wavelength accuracy and stability are required in DIAL system. Accurate on-line wavelength calibration is a crucial procedure for retrieving atmospheric CO2 concentration using the DIAL, particularly when pulsed lasers are adopted in the system. Large fluctuations in the intensities of a pulsed laser pose a great challenge for accurate on-line wavelength calibration. In this paper, a wavelength calibration strategy based on multi-wavelength scanning (MWS) was proposed for accurate on-line wavelength calibration of a pulsed laser for CO2 detection. The MWS conducted segmented sampling across the CO2 absorption line with appropriate number of points and range of widths by using a tunable laser. Complete absorption line of CO2 can be obtained through a curve fitting. Then, the on-line wavelength can be easily found at the peak of the absorption line. Furthermore, another algorithm called the energy matching was introduced in the MWS to eliminate the backlash error of tunable lasers during the process of on-line wavelength calibration. Finally, a series of tests was conducted to elevate the calibration precision of MWS. Analysis of tests demonstrated that the MWS proposed in this paper could calibrate the on-line wavelength of pulsed laser accurately and steadily.

  4. On-line identification of hybrid systems using an adaptive growing and pruning RBF neural network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alizadeh, Tohid

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces an adaptive growing and pruning radial basis function (GAP-RBF) neural network for on-line identification of hybrid systems. The main idea is to identify a global nonlinear model that can predict the continuous outputs of hybrid systems. In the proposed approach, GAP......-RBF neural network uses a modified unscented kalman filter (UKF) with forgetting factor scheme as the required on-line learning algorithm. The effectiveness of the resulting identification approach is tested and evaluated on a simulated benchmark hybrid system....

  5. Note: On-line weak signal detection via adaptive stochastic resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Siliang; He, Qingbo; Kong, Fanrang

    2014-06-01

    We design an instrument with a novel embedded adaptive stochastic resonance (SR) algorithm that consists of a SR module and a digital zero crossing detection module for on-line weak signal detection in digital signal processing applications. The two modules are responsible for noise filtering and adaptive parameter configuration, respectively. The on-line weak signal detection can be stably achieved in seconds. The prototype instrument exhibits an advance of 20 dB averaged signal-to-noise ratio and 5 times averaged adjust R-square as compared to the input noisy signal, in considering different driving frequencies and noise levels.

  6. ON-LINE STATE PREDICTION OF ENGINES BASED ON FLAT NEURAL NETWORK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A flat neural network is designed for the on-line state prediction of engine. To reduce the computational cost of weight matrix, a fast recursive algorithm is derived according to the pseudoinverse formula of a partition matrix. Furthermore, the forgetting factor approach is introduced to improve predictive accuracy and robustness of the model. The experiment results indicate that the improved neural network is of good accuracy and strong robustness in prediction, and can apply for the on-line prediction of nonlinear multi input multi output systems like vehicle engines.

  7. Dynamic Correction Algorithm of Rolling Force in Plate Rolling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Hong-lei; WANG Jun; HU Xian-lei; WANG Zhao-dong; WANG Guo-dong

    2005-01-01

    Based on the Shougang plat mill project, an on-line dynamic correction algorithm was analyzed. This algorithm can adjust model coefficients better because the reasonable correction is based on the measured and calculated rolling force. The results of application on site show that this on-line dynamic correction algorithm is effective.

  8. Aprender a innovar: una experiencia on line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín MORENO MARCHAL

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available La creatividad y la innovación se han convertido en recursos clave en la denominada sociedad del conocimiento, que bien podría ser también llamada sociedad de la innovación. Pero innovar es una actividad compleja, que integra la aplicación de múltiples capacidades, el pensamiento divergente y convergente, la gestión de equipos humanos, la comunicación. Ahora bien, a innovar se puede, y se debe, aprender. Aprender a innovar es un reto y también una obligación para el conjunto del sistema educativo en todos sus niveles. Partiendo de estas consideraciones este trabajo expone una experiencia de aprendizaje de la creatividad y de la innovación a través de un curso totalmente on line basado en la plataforma MOODLE, en el marco del Programa de Formación Permanente de la Universidad de Cádiz. Se presenta un modelo del proceso de innovación, denominado CREALAB, de elaboración propia. Este modelo se ha utilizado como base del proceso de aprendizaje de la creatividad y de la innovación y en el diseño del curso, está organizado en torno a actividades y tiene un carácter iterativo y realimentado. Se presentan además el conjunto del diseño metodológico y los resultados obtenidos en las dos ediciones celebradas hasta el momento. El diseño del curso totalmente on line y los resultados alcanzados permiten estimar un alto potencial de aplicación, tanto a nivel personal como a nivel organizacional.

  9. On-line chemical composition analyzer development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, M.J.; Garrison, A.A.; Muly, E.C.; Moore, C.F.

    1992-02-01

    The energy consumed in distillation processes in the United States represents nearly three percent of the total national energy consumption. If effective control of distillation columns can be accomplished, it has been estimated that it would result in a reduction in the national energy consumption of 0.3%. Real-time control based on mixture composition could achieve these savings. However, the major distillation processes represent diverse applications and at present there does not exist a proven on-line chemical composition sensor technology which can be used to control these diverse processes in real-time. This report presents a summary of the findings of the second phase of a three phase effort undertaken to develop an on-line real-time measurement and control system utilizing Raman spectroscopy. A prototype instrument system has been constructed utilizing a Perkin Elmer 1700 Spectrometer, a diode pumped YAG laser, two three axis positioning systems, a process sample cell land a personal computer. This system has been successfully tested using industrially supplied process samples to establish its performance. Also, continued application development was undertaken during this Phase of the program using both the spontaneous Raman and Surface-enhanced Raman modes of operation. The study was performed for the US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, whose mission is to conduct cost-shared R D for new high-risk, high-payoff industrial energy conservation technologies. Although this document contains references to individual manufacturers and their products, the opinions expressed on the products reported do not necessarily reflect the position of the Department of Energy.

  10. 可重构幸存路径管理Viterbi译码器的研究与设计%Study and Implementation of a Reconfigurable Survivor Path Memory Unit for Viterbi Decoder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维津; 张科峰

    2011-01-01

    根据现代通信系统对自适应性和低功耗的要求,设计了一种自适应的Viterbi译码器,通过设计可重构的幸存路径存储管理单元(SMU),译码器可以根据不同调制方式自适应地选择回溯深度,并通过简化分支度量运算,降低了Viterbi算法中分支度量单元(BMU)和加-比-选单元(ACSU)的复杂度.经FPGA仿真结果表明,该算法性能满足自适应要求,且占用硬件资源低,可降低功耗14%左右,可用于含多速率多调制方式的移动通信系统.%An adaptive Viterbi decoder is designed in this paper, based on the demand of adaptive and low power consumption in modern communication systems. The Viterbi decoder can change trace depth automatically by the design of a reconfigurable survivor path memory unit. In this paper we also simplify the branch metric arithmetic, so as to decrease the complexity of the branch metric unit and the add-compare-select unit. According to the simulation result, this design has a small area and has satisfied the demand of adaption, the power consumption can be decreased by 14%. The Viterbi decoder supposed in this paper can be used in communication systems which have kinds of modulation modes.

  11. 多产品间歇过程的分层次在线调度--一种数学规划与遗传算法的混合算法%Hierarchical On-line Scheduling of Multiproduct Batch Plants with a Combined Approach of Mathematical Programming and Genetic Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈理; 王克峰; 徐霄羽; 姚平经

    2004-01-01

    In this contribution we present an online scheduling algorithm for a real world multiproduct batch plant.The overall mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem is hierarchically structured into a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) problem first and then a reduced dimensional MINLP problem, which are optimized by mathematical programming (MP) and genetic algorithm (GA) respectively. The basis idea relies on combining MP with GA to exploit their complementary capacity. The key features of the hierarchical model are explained and illustrated with some real world cases from the multiproduct batch plants.

  12. On-line detecting of transformer winding deformation based on parameter identification of leakage inductance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hao Zhiguo; Zhang Baohui; Li Peng

    2007-01-01

    Transformers are required to demonstrate the ability to withstand short circuit currents. Over currents caused by short circuit can give rise to windings deformation. In this paper, a novel method is proposed to monitor the state of transformer windings, which is achieved through on-line detecting the leakage inductance of the windings. Specifically, the mathematical model is established for on-line identifying the leakage inductance of the windings by applying least square algorithm (LSA) to the equivalent circuit equations. The effect of measurement and model inaccuracy on the identification error is analyzed, and the corrected model is also given to decrease these adverse effect on the results. Finally, dynamic test is carried out to verify our method. The test results clearly show that our method is very accurate even under the fluctuation of load or power factor. Therefore, our method can be effectively used to on-line detect the windings deformation.

  13. Influence of visualization on consumption during on-line shopping

    OpenAIRE

    Hictaler, Urška

    2013-01-01

    This diploma work studies the influence of visualization on consumption during on-line shopping. The first part of the thesis starts with key areas of visualization, consumption and on-line shopping. Visualization, areas of use, human perception and ways of product presentation in on-line shops are defined discussed first. Next, consumption, consumers and factors that influence their decisions and satisfaction are defined. The last topic in the first part of the thesis discusses on-line shopp...

  14. On-Line Learning: One Way to Bring People Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff-Kfouri, Carol Ann

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the benefits of on-line learning for adult learners and to further demystify three common misconceptions concerning on-line learning: students certainly do receive support from their on-line professors, the professor is pro-active rather than passive, and students may be more motivated to learn than in…

  15. A Distributed System for Learning Programming On-Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdu, Elena; Regueras, Luisa M.; Verdu, Maria J.; Leal, Jose P.; de Castro, Juan P.; Queiros, Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    Several Web-based on-line judges or on-line programming trainers have been developed in order to allow students to train their programming skills. However, their pedagogical functionalities in the learning of programming have not been clearly defined. EduJudge is a project which aims to integrate the "UVA On-line Judge", an existing…

  16. On-line transient stability assessment of large-scale power systems by using ball vector machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohammadi, M., E-mail: m.mohammadi@aut.ac.i [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Gharehpetian, G.B., E-mail: grptian@aut.ac.i [Electrical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    In this paper ball vector machine (BVM) has been used for on-line transient stability assessment of large-scale power systems. To classify the system transient security status, a BVM has been trained for all contingencies. The proposed BVM based security assessment algorithm has very small training time and space in comparison with artificial neural networks (ANN), support vector machines (SVM) and other machine learning based algorithms. In addition, the proposed algorithm has less support vectors (SV) and therefore is faster than existing algorithms for on-line applications. One of the main points, to apply a machine learning method is feature selection. In this paper, a new Decision Tree (DT) based feature selection technique has been presented. The proposed BVM based algorithm has been applied to New England 39-bus power system. The simulation results show the effectiveness and the stability of the proposed method for on-line transient stability assessment procedure of large-scale power system. The proposed feature selection algorithm has been compared with different feature selection algorithms. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed feature algorithm.

  17. SOL: INNOVACIÓN ON-LINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Faúndez

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Las aplicaciones de simulación tienden a ser cada vez más cercanas a usuarios e industrias. Sin embargo, muchas de ellas no poseen ni la capacidad ni el conocimiento como para desarrollar internamente sus modelos de simulación. Por este motivo, y como una forma de apoyar la toma de decisiones basándose en modelos de simulación, se presenta la plataforma SOL (Simulación On Line. La metodología completa de trabajo, así como la interacción entre SOL, Empresa y Asesor, son presentadas. Su base de datos, los niveles de usuarios, sus funcionalidades, y la creación automatizada de información grafica y visual, también son explicadas. En el caso de aplicación, el uso de SOL para apoyar la toma de decisiones en una operación de movimiento de material, permite a los tomadores de decisión acceder a análisis robustos basados en información extraída de los modelos de simulación. SOL, al almacenar información, funcionar vía web, generar análisis automatizados y crear visualizaciones, permite cumplir con las expectativas de los usuarios respecto a una solución integral en simulación.

  18. On-line adaptive line frequency noise cancellation from a nuclear power measuring channel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qadir Javed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available On-line software for adaptively canceling 50 Hz line frequency noise has been designed and tested at Pakistan Research Reactor 1. Line frequency noise causes much problem in weak signals acquisition. Sometimes this noise is so dominant that original signal is totally corrupted. Although notch filter can be used for eliminating this noise, but if signal of interest is in close vicinity of 50 Hz, then original signal is also attenuated and hence overall performance is degraded. Adaptive noise removal is a technique which could be employed for removing line frequency without degrading the desired signal. In this paper line frequency noise has been eliminated on-line from a nuclear power measuring channel. The adaptive LMS algorithm has been used to cancel 50 Hz noise. The algorithm has been implemented in labVIEW with NI 6024 data acquisition card. The quality of the acquired signal has been improved much as can be seen in experimental results.

  19. Good control practices underlined by an on-line fuzzy control database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso, M. V.

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available In the olive oil trade, control systems that automate extraction processes, cutting production costs and increasing processing capacity without losing quality, are always desirable. The database structure of an on-line fuzzy control of centrifugation systems and the algorithms used to attain the best control conditions are analysed. Good control practices are suggested to obtain virgin olive oil of prime quality.

    In the olive oil trade, control systems that automate extraction processes, cutting production costs and increasing processing capacity without losing quality, are always desirable. The database structure of an on-line fuzzy control of centrifugation systems and the algorithms used to attain the best control conditions are analysed. Good control practices are suggested to obtain virgin olive oil of prime quality.

  20. Time-Varying FOPDT Modeling and On-line Parameter Identification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Zhenyu; Sun, Zhen

    2013-01-01

    A type of Time-Varying First-Order Plus Dead-Time (TV-FOPDT) model is extended from SISO format into a MISO version by explicitly taking the disturbance input into consideration. Correspondingly, a set of on-line parameter identification algorithms oriented to MISO TV-FOPDT model are proposed bas...... are firstly illustrated through a numerical example, and then applied to investigate transient superheat dynamic modeling in a supermarket refrigeration system....... on the Mixed-Integer-Nonlinear Programming, Least-Mean-Square and sliding window techniques. The proposed approaches can simultaneously estimate the time-dependent system parameters, as well as the unknown disturbance input if it is the case, in an on-line manner. The proposed concepts and algorithms...

  1. Investigation of the stochastic subspace identification method for on-line wind turbine tower monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Kaoshan; Wang, Ying; Lu, Wensheng; Ren, Xiaosong; Huang, Zhenhua

    2017-04-01

    Structural health monitoring (SHM) of wind turbines has been applied in the wind energy industry to obtain their real-time vibration parameters and to ensure their optimum performance. For SHM, the accuracy of its results and the efficiency of its measurement methodology and data processing algorithm are the two major concerns. Selection of proper measurement parameters could improve such accuracy and efficiency. The Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) is a widely used data processing algorithm for SHM. This research discussed the accuracy and efficiency of SHM using SSI method to identify vibration parameters of on-line wind turbine towers. Proper measurement parameters, such as optimum measurement duration, are recommended.

  2. On-Line Condition Monitoring using Computational Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Vilakazi, C B; Mautla, P; Moloto, E

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents bushing condition monitoring frameworks that use multi-layer perceptrons (MLP), radial basis functions (RBF) and support vector machines (SVM) classifiers. The first level of the framework determines if the bushing is faulty or not while the second level determines the type of fault. The diagnostic gases in the bushings are analyzed using the dissolve gas analysis. MLP gives superior performance in terms of accuracy and training time than SVM and RBF. In addition, an on-line bushing condition monitoring approach, which is able to adapt to newly acquired data are introduced. This approach is able to accommodate new classes that are introduced by incoming data and is implemented using an incremental learning algorithm that uses MLP. The testing results improved from 67.5% to 95.8% as new data were introduced and the testing results improved from 60% to 95.3% as new conditions were introduced. On average the confidence value of the framework on its decision was 0.92.

  3. On-line quality monitoring in short-circuit gas metal arc welding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adolfsson, S. [Univ. of Karlskrono/Ronneby (Sweden). Dept. of Signal Processing]|[Lund Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Production and Materials Engineering; Bahrami, A. [Technology Center of Kronoberg, Vaexjoe (Sweden)]|[Lund Univ. (Sweden); Bolmsjoe, G. [Lund Univ. (Sweden); Claesson, I. [Univ. of Karlskrono/Ronneby (Sweden)

    1999-02-01

    This paper addresses the problems involved in the automatic monitoring of the weld quality produced by robotized short-arc welding. A simple statistical change detection algorithm for the weld quality, the repeated Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT), was used. The algorithm may similarly be viewed as a cumulative sum (CUSUM) type test, and is well-suited to detecting sudden minor changes in the monitored test statistic. The test statistic is based on the variance of the weld voltage, wherein it will be shown that the variance decreases when the welding process is not operating under optimal conditions. The performance of the algorithm is assessed through the use of experimental data. The results obtained from the algorithm show that it is possible to detect changes in weld quality automatically and on-line.

  4. An On-Line Scheduler over Hard Real-Time Communication System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Hui; XIONG Guangze

    2003-01-01

    By thorough research on the prominent periodic and aperiodic scheduling algorithms, an on-line hard real-time scheduler is presented, which is applicable to the scheduling of packets over a link.This scheduler, based on both Rate Monotonic, pinwheel scheduling algorithm Sr and Polling Server scheduling algorithms, can rapidly judge the schedulability and then automatically generate a bus table for the scheduling algorithm to schedule the packets as the periodic packets. The implementation of the scheduler is simple and easy to use, and it is effective for the utilization of bus link. The orderly execution of the bus table can not only guarantee the performance of the hard real time but also avoid the blockage and interruption of the message transmission. So the scheduler perfectly meets the demand of hard realtime communication system on the field bus domain.

  5. Robust on-line monitoring of biogas processes; Robusta maettekniker on-line foer optimerad biogasproduktion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordberg, Aake; Hansson, Mikael; Kanerot, Mija; Krozer, Anatol; Loefving, Bjoern; Sahlin, Eskil

    2010-03-15

    Although demand for biomethane in Sweden is higher than ever, many Swedish codigestion plants are presently operated below their designed capacity. Efforts must be taken to increase the loading rate and guarantee stable operation and high availability of the plants. There are currently no commercial systems for on-line monitoring, and due to the characteristics of the material, including corrosion and tearing, robust applications have to be developed. The objective of this project was to identify and study different monitoring technologies with potential for on-line monitoring of both substrate mixtures and anaerobic digester content. Based on the prerequisites and demands at Boraas Energi och Miljoe AB's (BEMAB, the municipal energy and waste utility in the city of Boraas, Sweden) biogas plant, the extent of the problems, measurement variables and possible ways of managing these issues have been identified and prioritized. The substrate mixtures in question have a high viscosity and are inhomogeneous with variation in composition, which calls for further homogenization, dilution and filtration to achieve high precision in the necessary analyses. Studies of using different mixers and mills showed that the particle size (800 mum) needed for on-line COD measurement could not be achieved. The problem of homogenization can be avoided if indirect measurement methods are used. Laboratory tests with NIR (near-infra red spectroscopy) showed that VS can be predicted (R2=0,78) in the interval of 2-9% VS. Furthermore, impedance can give a measurement of soluble components. However, impedance is not sensitive enough to give a good measurement of total TS. Microwave technology was installed at the production plant and showed a faster response to changes in TS than the existing TS-sensor. However, due to technical problems, the evaluation only could be done during a limited period of ten days. BEMAB will continue the measurements and evaluation of the instrument. The

  6. DOE-EPRI On-Line Monitoring Implementation Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    E. Davis, R. Bickford

    2003-01-02

    Industry and EPRI experience at several plants has shown on-line monitoring to be very effective in identifying out-of-calibration instrument channels or indications of equipment-degradation problems. The EPRI implementation project for on-line monitoring has demonstrated the feasability of on-line monitoring at several participating nuclear plants. The results have been very enouraging, and substantial progress is anticipated in the coming years.

  7. Poss On-line (Personalisation of Self-Service Solutions across On-line platforms)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Janni; Nielsen, Lene; Jespersen, Mikkel

    2005-01-01

    The project on Personalisation of Self-service Solutions across On-line Platforms (POSS ON-LINE) focuses on users, clients, and self-service solutions. It is based on the understanding that clients and users are different and have different goals, and that self-service takes place in different co...... at the process of development. However, we lack methods to predict user behaviour without having to deal with huge amounts of data and data from both quantitative data as well as life world observations are required....... the client and the user. The system gathers data about the user, which enables the client to push information to the user. Personalisation enables graphic user interface design that is personalised and relevant to the individual user and invites the user to get access to information with less strain....... Personalisation of self-service solutions is promising and IT companies are experiencing an increase in the clients' demands. At the same time the development of solutions moves within a shorter and shorter time span. Hence the process of innovations is paced and there is an increasing need of new ways of looking...

  8. INTERACTIVE 3D LANDSCAPES ON LINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Fanini

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes challenges identified while developing browser embedded 3D landscape rendering applications, our current approach and work-flow and how recent development in browser technologies could affect. All the data, even if processed by optimization and decimation tools, result in very huge databases that require paging, streaming and Level-of-Detail techniques to be implemented to allow remote web based real time fruition. Our approach has been to select an open source scene-graph based visual simulation library with sufficient performance and flexibility and adapt it to the web by providing a browser plug-in. Within the current Montegrotto VR Project, content produced with new pipelines has been integrated. The whole Montegrotto Town has been generated procedurally by CityEngine. We used this procedural approach, based on algorithms and procedures because it is particularly functional to create extensive and credible urban reconstructions. To create the archaeological sites we used optimized mesh acquired with laser scanning and photogrammetry techniques whereas to realize the 3D reconstructions of the main historical buildings we adopted computer-graphic software like blender and 3ds Max. At the final stage, semi-automatic tools have been developed and used up to prepare and clusterise 3D models and scene graph routes for web publishing. Vegetation generators have also been used with the goal of populating the virtual scene to enhance the user perceived realism during the navigation experience. After the description of 3D modelling and optimization techniques, the paper will focus and discuss its results and expectations.

  9. Combinatorial Optimization Algorithms for Dynamic Multiple Fault Diagnosis in Automotive and Aerospace Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodali, Anuradha

    In this thesis, we develop dynamic multiple fault diagnosis (DMFD) algorithms to diagnose faults that are sporadic and coupled. Firstly, we formulate a coupled factorial hidden Markov model-based (CFHMM) framework to diagnose dependent faults occurring over time (dynamic case). Here, we implement a mixed memory Markov coupling model to determine the most likely sequence of (dependent) fault states, the one that best explains the observed test outcomes over time. An iterative Gauss-Seidel coordinate ascent optimization method is proposed for solving the problem. A soft Viterbi algorithm is also implemented within the framework for decoding dependent fault states over time. We demonstrate the algorithm on simulated and real-world systems with coupled faults; the results show that this approach improves the correct isolation rate as compared to the formulation where independent fault states are assumed. Secondly, we formulate a generalization of set-covering, termed dynamic set-covering (DSC), which involves a series of coupled set-covering problems over time. The objective of the DSC problem is to infer the most probable time sequence of a parsimonious set of failure sources that explains the observed test outcomes over time. The DSC problem is NP-hard and intractable due to the fault-test dependency matrix that couples the failed tests and faults via the constraint matrix, and the temporal dependence of failure sources over time. Here, the DSC problem is motivated from the viewpoint of a dynamic multiple fault diagnosis problem, but it has wide applications in operations research, for e.g., facility location problem. Thus, we also formulated the DSC problem in the context of a dynamically evolving facility location problem. Here, a facility can be opened, closed, or can be temporarily unavailable at any time for a given requirement of demand points. These activities are associated with costs or penalties, viz., phase-in or phase-out for the opening or closing of a

  10. Randomized robot navigation algorithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berman, P. [Penn State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Blum, A. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Fiat, A. [Tel-Aviv Univ. (Israel)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    We consider the problem faced by a mobile robot that has to reach a given target by traveling through an unmapped region in the plane containing oriented rectangular obstacles. We assume the robot has no prior knowledge about the positions or sizes of the obstacles, and acquires such knowledge only when obstacles are encountered. Our goal is to minimize the distance the robot must travel, using the competitive ratio as our measure. We give a new randomized algorithm for this problem whose competitive ratio is O(n4/9 log n), beating the deterministic {Omega}({radical}n) lower bound of [PY], and answering in the affirmative an open question of [BRS] (which presented an optimal deterministic algorithm). We believe the techniques introduced here may prove useful in other on-line situations in which information gathering is part of the on-line process.

  11. On-line Compact Topological Design of Feedforward Networks Using Local Extended Kalman Filter Algorithm and Periodic Activation Function%用局域卡尔曼滤波算法和周期函数在线优化前馈网络的拓扑结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林列; 常胜江

    2003-01-01

    A novel periodic activation function was presented to replace the monotonously increasing type activation function commonly used in feedforward neural networks.To speed up the learning,as well as to reduce the network size,the extended Kalman filter(EKF) algorithm with a pruning method was suggested to train the network.This approach was applied to solve three typical problems,namely,4-point XOR logic function,sunspot series prediction and rotation-invariant classification.Simulation results show that,with the proposed periodic function,a two-layer perceptron (without the hidden layer) is able to solve the XOR problem.Moreover,the EKF algorithm and the pruning scheme also lead to a fast convergence nad a compact network for sunspot series prediction and rotation-invariant classification.%提出采用周期函数取代单调上升函数作为激活函数,并在此基础上,为了加快网络收敛速度及在学习过程中自适应地得到网络的最佳拓扑结构,提出了基于广义卡尔曼滤波的自适应学习和删剪学习算法,并把上述算法应用于4点异或逻辑分类和时间序列预测中.计算机模拟结果显示,使用该周期激活函数,一个无隐藏层的二层感知机就能够解决异或逻辑关系问题.此外,提出的广义卡尔曼滤波学习及删剪算法不仅能够加快网络的收敛速度,而且能够在学习过程中自适应地优化网络的拓扑结构.

  12. A new on-line leakage current monitoring system of ZnO surge arresters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Bok-Hee [Research Center for Next-Generation High Voltage and Power Technology, Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-dong, Nam-ku, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: bhlee@inha.ac.kr; Kang, Sung-Man [Research Center for Next-Generation High Voltage and Power Technology, Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-dong, Nam-ku, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-05-15

    This paper presents a new on-line leakage current monitoring system of zinc oxide (ZnO) surge arresters. To effectively diagnose the deterioration of ZnO surge arresters, a new algorithm and on-line leakage current detection device, which uses the time-delay addition method, for discriminating the resistive and capacitive currents was developed to use in the aging test and durability evaluation for ZnO arrester blocks. A computer-based measurement system of the resistive leakage current, the on-line monitoring device can detect accurately the leakage currents flowing through ZnO surge arresters for power frequency ac applied voltages. The proposed on-line leakage current monitoring device of ZnO surge arresters is more highly sensitive and gives more linear response than the existing devices using the detection method of the third harmonic leakage currents. Therefore, the proposed leakage current monitoring device can be useful for predicting the defects and performance deterioration of ZnO surge arresters in power system applications.

  13. Comparing the Hierarchy of Keywords in On-Line News Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibély, Gergely; Sousa-Rodrigues, David; Pollner, Péter; Palla, Gergely

    2016-01-01

    Hierarchical organization is prevalent in networks representing a wide range of systems in nature and society. An important example is given by the tag hierarchies extracted from large on-line data repositories such as scientific publication archives, file sharing portals, blogs, on-line news portals, etc. The tagging of the stored objects with informative keywords in such repositories has become very common, and in most cases the tags on a given item are free words chosen by the authors independently. Therefore, the relations among keywords appearing in an on-line data repository are unknown in general. However, in most cases the topics and concepts described by these keywords are forming a latent hierarchy, with the more general topics and categories at the top, and more specialized ones at the bottom. There are several algorithms available for deducing this hierarchy from the statistical features of the keywords. In the present work we apply a recent, co-occurrence-based tag hierarchy extraction method to sets of keywords obtained from four different on-line news portals. The resulting hierarchies show substantial differences not just in the topics rendered as important (being at the top of the hierarchy) or of less interest (categorized low in the hierarchy), but also in the underlying network structure. This reveals discrepancies between the plausible keyword association frameworks in the studied news portals. PMID:27802319

  14. Comparing the Hierarchy of Keywords in On-Line News Portals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibély, Gergely; Sousa-Rodrigues, David; Pollner, Péter; Palla, Gergely

    2016-01-01

    Hierarchical organization is prevalent in networks representing a wide range of systems in nature and society. An important example is given by the tag hierarchies extracted from large on-line data repositories such as scientific publication archives, file sharing portals, blogs, on-line news portals, etc. The tagging of the stored objects with informative keywords in such repositories has become very common, and in most cases the tags on a given item are free words chosen by the authors independently. Therefore, the relations among keywords appearing in an on-line data repository are unknown in general. However, in most cases the topics and concepts described by these keywords are forming a latent hierarchy, with the more general topics and categories at the top, and more specialized ones at the bottom. There are several algorithms available for deducing this hierarchy from the statistical features of the keywords. In the present work we apply a recent, co-occurrence-based tag hierarchy extraction method to sets of keywords obtained from four different on-line news portals. The resulting hierarchies show substantial differences not just in the topics rendered as important (being at the top of the hierarchy) or of less interest (categorized low in the hierarchy), but also in the underlying network structure. This reveals discrepancies between the plausible keyword association frameworks in the studied news portals.

  15. Prediction of XRF analyzers error for elements on-line assaying using Kalman Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nakhaei F; Sam A; Mosavi MR; Nakhaei A

    2012-01-01

    Determination of chemical elements assay plays an important role in mineral processing operations.This factor is used to control process accuracy,recovery calculation and plant profitability.The new assaying methods including chemical methods,X-ray fluorescence and atomic absorption spectrometry are advanced and accurate.However,in some applications,such as on-line assaying process,high accuracy is required.In this paper,an algorithm based on Kalman Filter is presented to predict on-line XRF errors.This research has been carried out on the basis of based the industrial real data collection for evaluating the performance of the presented algorithm.The measurements and analysis for this study were conducted at the Sarcheshmeh Copper Concentrator Plant located in Iran.The quality of the obtained results was very satisfied; so that the RMS errors of prediction obtained for Cu and Mo grade assaying errors in rougher feed were less than 0.039 and 0.002 and in final flotation concentration less than 0.58 and 0.074,respectively.The results indicate that the mentioned method is quite accurate to reduce the on-line XRF errors measurement.

  16. Configuration Reusing in On-Line Task Scheduling for Reconfigurable Computing Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maisam Mansub Bassiri; Hadi Shahriar Shahhoseini

    2011-01-01

    Reconfigurable computing systems can be reconfigured at runtime and support partial reconfigurability which makes us able to execute tasks in a true multitasking manner. To manage such systems at runtime, a reconfigurable operating system is needed. The main part of this operating system is resource management unit which performs on-line scheduling and placement of hardware tasks at runtime. Reconfiguration overhead is an important obstacle that limits the performance of on-line scheduling algorithms in reconfigurable computing systems and increases the overall execution time. Configuration reusing (task reusing) can decrease reconfiguration overhead considerably, particularly in periodic applications or the applications in which the probability of tasks recurrence is high. In this paper, we present a technique called reusing-based scheduling (RBS), for on-line scheduling and placement in which configuration reusing is considered as a main characteristic in order to reduce reconfiguration overhead and decrease total execution time of the tasks. Several experiments have been conducted on the proposed algorithm. Obtained results show considerable improvement in overall execution time of the tasks.

  17. From Off-line to On-line Handwriting Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lallican, P.; Viard-Gaudin, C.; Knerr, S.

    2004-01-01

    On-line handwriting includes more information on time order of the writing signal and on the dynamics of the writing process than off-line handwriting. Therefore, on-line recognition systems achieve higher recognition rates. This can be concluded from results reported in the literature, and has been

  18. On-Line and Off-Line Assessment of Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraç, Seda; Karakelle, Sema

    2012-01-01

    The study investigates the interrelationships between different on-line and off-line measures for assessing metacognition. The participants were 47 fifth grade elementary students. Metacognition was assessed through two off-line and two on-line measures. The off-line measures consisted of a teacher rating scale and a self-report questionnaire. The…

  19. On-line characterization of a hybridoma cell culture process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, W; Hu, W S

    1994-06-20

    The on-line determination of the physiological state of a cell culture process requires reliable on-line measurements of various parameters and calculations of specific rates from these measurements. The cell concentration of a hybridoma culture was estimated on-line by measuring optical density (OD) with a laser turbidity probe. The oxygen uptake rate (OUR) was determined by monitoring dynamically dissolved oxygen concentration profiles and closing oxygen balances in the culture. The base addition for neutralizing lactate produced by cells was also monitored on-line via a balance. Using OD and OUR measurements, the specific growth and specific oxygen consumption rates were determined on-line. By combining predetermined stoichiometric relationships among oxygen and glucose consumption and lactate production, the specific glucose consumption and lactate production rates were also calculated on-line. Using these on-line measurements and calculations, the hybridoma culture process was characterized on-line by identifying the physiological states. They will also facilitate the implementation of nutrient feeding strategies for fed-batch and perfusion cultures. (c) 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  20. On-line optimal control of greenhouse crop cultivation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straten, van G.

    1996-01-01

    Thus far, optimal control has primarily been investigated for seasonal crop growth optimization. On-line aspects have received much less attention. The decomposition between long term strategies and on-line control, however, is not trivial. Appreciable losses occur when set-points generated by seaso

  1. On-line optimal control of greenhouse crop cultivation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straten, van G.

    1996-01-01

    Thus far, optimal control has primarily been investigated for seasonal crop growth optimization. On-line aspects have received much less attention. The decomposition between long term strategies and on-line control, however, is not trivial. Appreciable losses occur when set-points generated by seaso

  2. Design of Path Metric Memory Unit with Longer Constrain Length in Viterbi Decoder%大约束度Viterbi译码器中路径存储单元的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春光; 陈新

    2007-01-01

    维特比(Viterbi)译码器由于其优良的纠错性能,在通信领域有着十分广泛的应用.用FPGA实现Viterbi译码算法时,其硬件资源的消耗与译码速度始终是相互制约的两个方面,通过合理安排加比选单元和路径度量存储单元可有效缓解这一矛盾.基于基4算法所提出的同址路径度量存储管理方法能在提高译码速度同时有效降低译码器的硬件资源需求.

  3. On-Line Method and Apparatus for Coordinated Mobility and Manipulation of Mobile Robots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seraji, Homayoun (Inventor)

    1996-01-01

    A simple and computationally efficient approach is disclosed for on-line coordinated control of mobile robots consisting of a manipulator arm mounted on a mobile base. The effect of base mobility on the end-effector manipulability index is discussed. The base mobility and arm manipulation degrees-of-freedom are treated equally as the joints of a kinematically redundant composite robot. The redundancy introduced by the mobile base is exploited to satisfy a set of user-defined additional tasks during the end-effector motion. A simple on-line control scheme is proposed which allows the user to assign weighting factors to individual degrees-of-mobility and degrees-of-manipulation, as well as to each task specification. The computational efficiency of the control algorithm makes it particularly suitable for real-time implementations. Four case studies are discussed in detail to demonstrate the application of the coordinated control scheme to various mobile robots.

  4. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor for monitoring drinking water quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Højris, Bo; Christensen, Sarah Christine Boesgaard; Albrechtsen, Hans-Jørgen; Smith, Christian; Dahlqvist, Mathis

    2016-04-04

    Today, microbial drinking water quality is monitored through either time-consuming laboratory methods or indirect on-line measurements. Results are thus either delayed or insufficient to support proactive action. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor with a 10-minute time resolution has been developed. The sensor is based on 3D image recognition, and the obtained pictures are analyzed with algorithms considering 59 quantified image parameters. The sensor counts individual suspended particles and classifies them as either bacteria or abiotic particles. The technology is capable of distinguishing and quantifying bacteria and particles in pure and mixed suspensions, and the quantification correlates with total bacterial counts. Several field applications have demonstrated that the technology can monitor changes in the concentration of bacteria, and is thus well suited for rapid detection of critical conditions such as pollution events in drinking water.

  5. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor for monitoring drinking water quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Højris, Bo; Christensen, Sarah Christine Boesgaard; Albrechtsen, Hans-Jørgen; Smith, Christian; Dahlqvist, Mathis

    2016-04-01

    Today, microbial drinking water quality is monitored through either time-consuming laboratory methods or indirect on-line measurements. Results are thus either delayed or insufficient to support proactive action. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor with a 10-minute time resolution has been developed. The sensor is based on 3D image recognition, and the obtained pictures are analyzed with algorithms considering 59 quantified image parameters. The sensor counts individual suspended particles and classifies them as either bacteria or abiotic particles. The technology is capable of distinguishing and quantifying bacteria and particles in pure and mixed suspensions, and the quantification correlates with total bacterial counts. Several field applications have demonstrated that the technology can monitor changes in the concentration of bacteria, and is thus well suited for rapid detection of critical conditions such as pollution events in drinking water.

  6. The PerTOHS Theory for On-Line Handwriting Segmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Ltaief

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present PerTOHS theory for on-line handwriting segmentation, based on the fact that in order to identify patterns, our human perceptual system is based on basic features called perceptual codes. Analysing handwriting, we notice the existence of elementary and global ones. Perceptual organization of elementary perceptual codes in various constraints generates global ones, and to obtain different forms of handwriting, we proceed by combining them. We develop a new approach to improve handwriting segmentation via perceptual codes. The proposed architecture uses the Beta-elliptic model for the generation of on-line handwriting scripts, the fuzzy set theory to detect the elementary perceptual codes and the genetic algorithms for the global perceptual ones. This theory has been tested on the developed MAYASTROUN database, and IRONOFF database. The achieved results show successful representations of handwritten script via perceptual codes and good segmentation rate is obtained.

  7. On-line prognosis of fatigue crack propagation based on Gaussian weight-mixture proposal particle filter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jian; Yuan, Shenfang; Qiu, Lei; Wang, Hui; Yang, Weibo

    2017-07-25

    Accurate on-line prognosis of fatigue crack propagation is of great meaning for prognostics and health management (PHM) technologies to ensure structural integrity, which is a challenging task because of uncertainties which arise from sources such as intrinsic material properties, loading, and environmental factors. The particle filter algorithm has been proved to be a powerful tool to deal with prognostic problems those are affected by uncertainties. However, most studies adopted the basic particle filter algorithm, which uses the transition probability density function as the importance density and may suffer from serious particle degeneracy problem. This paper proposes an on-line fatigue crack propagation prognosis method based on a novel Gaussian weight-mixture proposal particle filter and the active guided wave based on-line crack monitoring. Based on the on-line crack measurement, the mixture of the measurement probability density function and the transition probability density function is proposed to be the importance density. In addition, an on-line dynamic update procedure is proposed to adjust the parameter of the state equation. The proposed method is verified on the fatigue test of attachment lugs which are a kind of important joint components in aircraft structures. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. On Line Service Composition in the Integrated Clinical Environment for eHealth and Medical Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Valls, Marisol; Touahria, Imad Eddine

    2017-06-08

    Medical and eHealth systems are progressively realized in the context of standardized architectures that support safety and ease the integration of the heterogeneous (and often proprietary) medical devices and sensors. The Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) architecture appeared recently with the goal of becoming a common framework for defining the structure of the medical applications as concerns the safe integration of medical devices and sensors. ICE is simply a high level architecture that defines the functional blocks that should be part of a medical system to support interoperability. As a result, the underlying communication backbone is broadly undefined as concerns the enabling software technology (including the middleware) and associated algorithms that meet the ICE requirements of the flexible integration of medical devices and services. Supporting the on line composition of services in a medical system is also not part of ICE; however, supporting this behavior would enable flexible orchestration of functions (e.g., addition and/or removal of services and medical equipment) on the fly. iLandis one of the few software technologies that supports on line service composition and reconfiguration, ensuring time-bounded transitions across different service orchestrations; it supports the design, deployment and on line reconfiguration of applications, which this paper applies to service-based eHealth domains. This paper designs the integration between ICE architecture and iLand middleware to enhance the capabilities of ICE with on line service composition and the time-bounded reconfiguration of medical systems based on distributed services. A prototype implementation of a service-based eHealth system for the remote monitoring of patients is described; it validates the enhanced capacity of ICE to support dynamic reconfiguration of the application services. Results show that the temporal cost of the on line reconfiguration of the eHealth application is bounded

  9. On-line Autonomous Learning Based on Leamerg Expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李利娜

    2008-01-01

    On-line autonomous learning of College English is one of the important reforms in colleges recently.This paper aims to explore the changes of teachers'role in the new on-line setting.The article first reviews the theoretical study of learner autonomy,then makes a practical investigation into the attitude and expectation learners have on teachers through a self-designed questionnaire,and explores that teachers should make an adjustment to their role orientation and changes their roles into motivators,evaluators and resources supphers in the new on-line setting.

  10. On-line Classical Guitar Course: Blogs for Music Education

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Navarro; Gilles Lavigne; G. Guadalupe Martínez Salgado

    2009-01-01

    This article introduces an on-line course constructed by means of a blog. The tool was the main goal of a research project titled “Develop, Implementation and evaluation of a Hybrid Course Face to face-On Line for Teaching the Beginning to Play the Classical Guitar”. This work was a three steep project in which it was implemented, applied and evaluated. The on-line course was intended to prepare the students to learn the basic principles to start in classical music with the guitar. The result...

  11. Understanding on-line community: the affordances of virtual space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Ruhleder

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing numbers of on-line venues for learning are emerging as virtual communities become more accessible and commonplace. This paper looks at one particular virtual community, an on-line degree programme at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, which offers an M.S. in Library and Information Science (called LEEP. It draws on a framework presented by Mynatt, et al. (1998, which provides a lens for talking about on-line community as a set of affordances. This framework is applied to illustrate the interactions, artefacts, and expectations that shape this community.

  12. Design and Simulation of Turbo Codec for Error Reduction Using MSOVA Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansi Rastogi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Turbo codes are well known to be one of the error correction techniques which achieve closer results to the Shannon limit in modern communication systems. Turbo codes play an important role in making wireless communications systems such as WiMAX and 4G LTE more efficient and reliable. However, the peculiar performance of the code profoundly depends on the particular decoding algorithm used at the receiver. In this era, the selection of the decoding algorithm involves a trade-off between the BER (Bit error rate performance introduced by the code and the complexity of the decoding process.In this paper a modification over SOVA (soft-output Viterbi algorithm has been proposed which prune some path by using thresholding. It performs as good as the LOG-MAP algorithm with a reduced complexity as compared to the conventional SOVA algorithm. As the complexity of SOVA algorithm is already less as compared to LOG-MAP. The MSOVA results in a much reduced complexity in comparison to LOG-MAP. The simulation results for turbo codec using MSOVA algorithm is obtained over MATLAB r2013a show an approximately 0.35db gain over LOG-MAP at BER of 0.069. The BER performance graph for different iterations and different coding length is also included in this paper

  13. On-line equalization for lithium-ion battery packs based on charging cell voltages: Part 1. Equalization based on remaining charging capacity estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Yuejiu; Ouyang, Minggao; Lu, Languang; Li, Jianqiu; Han, Xuebing; Xu, Liangfei

    2014-02-01

    Because of the inevitable inconsistency during manufacture and use of battery cells, cell variations in battery packs have significant impacts on battery pack capacities, durability and safety for electric vehicles (EVs). To reduce cell variations and increase pack capacity, cell equalization is essentially required. In the series of two papers, we discover that dissipative cell equalization (DCE) using dissipative resistances is a feasible on-line equalization method for battery packs in EVs. We subsequently propose on-line equalization algorithms for lithium-ion battery packs based on charging cell voltage curves (CCVCs). The objective of these algorithms is to maximize pack capacities by conditioning CCVCs. As the first paper of the series, we first briefly review equalization topologies and algorithms. We discover cell remaining charging capacity (RCC) can be on-line estimated and further propose DCE algorithm based on remaining charging capacity estimation (RCCE). We establish a pack model with 8 cells in series and simulate 4 scenes with different cell variations. RCCE-DCE algorithm is proved to be effective by comparing pack capacities with/without RCCE-DCE algorithm. The equalization capability and over-equalization prevention are further examined, and the result shows that RCCE-DCE algorithm is suitable for on-line equalization in EVs.

  14. On-Line Trajectory Retargeting for Alternate Landing Sites Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Barron Associates, Inc. proposes to develop a novel on-line trajectory optimization approach for Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) under failure scenarios, targeting...

  15. Intelligent control using multiple models based on on-line learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junyong ZHAI; Shumin FEI; Feipeng DA

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we deal with the problem of plants with large parameter variations under different operating modes. A novel intelligent control algorithm based on multiple models is proposed to improve the dynamical response performance. At the same time adaptive model bank is applied to establish models without prior system information.Multiple models and corresponding controllers are automatically established on-line by a conventionally adaptive model and a re-initialized one. A best controller is chosen by the performance function at every instant. The closed-loop system's stability and asymptotical convergence of tracking error can be guaranteed. Simulation results have confirmed the validity of the proposed method.

  16. Web Data Cube Construction in Multidimensional On-line Analytical Processing Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yan

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates how to integrate Web data into a multidimensional data warehouse (cube) for comprehensive on-line analytical processing (OLAP) and decision making. An approach for Web data-based cube construction is proposed, which includes Web data modeling based on MIX (Metadata based Integration model for data X-change), generic and specific mapping rules design, and a transformation algorithm for mapping Web data to a multidimensional array. Besides, the structure and implementation of the prototype of a Web data base cube are discussed.

  17. Taxonomy and clustering in collaborative systems: the case of the on-line encyclopedia Wikipedia

    OpenAIRE

    Capocci, A.; Rao, F.; Caldarelli, G.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the nature and structure of the relation between imposed classifications and real clustering in a particular case of a scale-free network given by the on-line encyclopedia Wikipedia. We find a statistical similarity in the distributions of community sizes both by using the top-down approach of the categories division present in the archive and in the bottom-up procedure of community detection given by an algorithm based on the spectral properties of the graph. Reg...

  18. On line diagnostics and self-tuning method for the fluidized bed temperature controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porzuczek Jan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the method of on-line diagnostics of the bed temperature controller for the fluidized bed boiler. Proposed solution is based on the methods of statistical process control. Detected decrease of the bed temperature control quality is used to activate the controller self-tuning procedure. The algorithm that provides optimal tuning of the bed temperature controller is also proposed. The results of experimental verification of the presented method is attached. Experimental studies were carried out using the 2 MW bubbling fluidized bed boiler.

  19. On-line parameter and delay estimation of continuous-time dynamic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozłowski Janusz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of on-line identification of non-stationary delay systems is considered. The dynamics of supervised industrial processes are usually modeled by ordinary differential equations. Discrete-time mechanizations of continuous-time process models are implemented with the use of dedicated finite-horizon integrating filters. Least-squares and instrumental variable procedures mechanized in recursive forms are applied for simultaneous identification of input delay and spectral parameters of the system models. The performance of the proposed estimation algorithms is verified in an illustrative numerical simulation study.

  20. Statistical Mechanics of On-Line Learning Using Correlated Examples and Its Optimal Scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Takashi; Ito, Hidetaka; Miyoshi, Seiji

    2017-08-01

    We theoretically study the generalization capability of on-line learning using several correlated input vectors in each update in a statistical-mechanical manner. We consider a model organized with linear perceptrons with Gaussian noise. First, in a noiseless case, we analytically derive the optimal learning rate as a function of the number of examples used in one update and their correlation. Next, we analytically show that the use of correlated examples is effective if the optimal learning rate is used, even when there is some noise. Furthermore, we propose a novel algorithm that raises the generalization capability by increasing the number of examples used in one update with time.

  1. From User Comments to On-line Conversations

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Chunyan; Ye, Mao; Huberman, Bernardo A.

    2012-01-01

    We present an analysis of user conversations in on-line social media and their evolution over time. We propose a dynamic model that accurately predicts the growth dynamics and structural properties of conversation threads. The model successfully reconciles the differing observations that have been reported in existing studies. By separating artificial factors from user behaviors, we show that there are actually underlying rules in common for on-line conversations in different social media web...

  2. Directions for Future Research in On-line Distance Education

    OpenAIRE

    Alaa SADIK

    2015-01-01

    Although institutions have invested much in developing on-line environments or using already established commercial platforms, only few studies have been conducted to investigate the effectiveness of on-line courses based on empirical data (Jung and Rha, 2000). A review of the literature conducted in this study showed that most of online learning studies investigated the effectiveness of Web-based interaction or Internet conferencing on learning, not the entire learning environment. Even in t...

  3. An On-line Ferrograph for Monitoring Machine Wear

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Xiao-jun; JING Min-qing; XIE You-bai

    2005-01-01

    In order to improve an on-line ferrograph, this paper simulates a three dimensional magnetic field distribution of an electromagnet, builds a sinking motion model of a wear particle, and investigates the motion law of wear particles under two different conditions. Both numeric results and experimental results show that the on-line ferrograph is capable of monitoring machine wear conditions by measuring the concentration and size distribution of wear particles in lubricating oil.

  4. Sport Management Taught On-Line: A Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William F. Stier Jr

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available An introduction to the world of on-line courses (distance education/learning is presented. In addition, the world of on-line learning, as it pertains to sport management, is examined within the framework of (a pedagogy, (b finances,(c assessment, and (d choosing to transition from the traditional classroom to on-line learning. Pertinent points relative to each of the four categories are presented from the literature. In an effort to stimulate thought and discussion to the subject of on-line learning for sport management programs/courses the authors provide their reactions to the literature points by presenting their comments/reactions from a sport management perspective. Sport management professors and administrators are encouraged to critically examine the feasibility of such on-line courses (distance education/learning within their own curricula while maintaining an appropriate framework revolving around sound theoretical instructional strategies, methods as well as appropriate use of instructional tools, including but not limited to, computersand the WWW.

  5. Agent-based station for on-line diagnostics by self-adaptive laser Doppler vibrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, S.; Paone, N.; Castellini, P.

    2013-12-01

    A self-adaptive diagnostic system based on laser vibrometry is proposed for quality control of mechanical defects by vibration testing; it is developed for appliances at the end of an assembly line, but its characteristics are generally suited for testing most types of electromechanical products. It consists of a laser Doppler vibrometer, equipped with scanning mirrors and a camera, which implements self-adaptive bahaviour for optimizing the measurement. The system is conceived as a Quality Control Agent (QCA) and it is part of a Multi Agent System that supervises all the production line. The QCA behaviour is defined so to minimize measurement uncertainty during the on-line tests and to compensate target mis-positioning under guidance of a vision system. Best measurement conditions are reached by maximizing the amplitude of the optical Doppler beat signal (signal quality) and consequently minimize uncertainty. In this paper, the optimization strategy for measurement enhancement achieved by the down-hill algorithm (Nelder-Mead algorithm) and its effect on signal quality improvement is discussed. Tests on a washing machine in controlled operating conditions allow to evaluate the efficacy of the method; significant reduction of noise on vibration velocity spectra is observed. Results from on-line tests are presented, which demonstrate the potential of the system for industrial quality control.

  6. Exploratory Analysis of an On-line Evolutionary Algorithm for in Simulated Robots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haasdijk, E.; Smit, S.K.; Eiben, A.E.

    2012-01-01

    In traditional evolutionary robotics, robot controllers are evolved in a separate design phase preceding actual deployment; we call this off-line evolution. Alternatively, robot controllers can evolve while the robots perform their proper tasks, during the actual operational phase; we call this on-l

  7. On-line Payment System Survey – eCash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Popa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the main aspects regarding an on-line payment system. Some characteristics of such system are presented and an existing system is analyzed. On its fundamental sense, the electronic commerce is a concept that represents the purchase and sale process or exchange of products, services, information, using o computer network, inclusively the Internet. In the most part of the cases, the electronic commerce imply on-line payments that lead to creation of some kinds of electronic money and some specific payment systems. There are described the some electronic payment mechanisms and the architecture and the functions of the on-line payment system E-Cash are depicted.

  8. A Hybrid On-line Verification Method of Relay Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Wangyuan; Chen, Qing; Si, Ji; Huang, Xin

    2017-05-01

    Along with the rapid development of the power industry, grid structure gets more sophisticated. The validity and rationality of protective relaying are vital to the security of power systems. To increase the security of power systems, it is essential to verify the setting values of relays online. Traditional verification methods mainly include the comparison of protection range and the comparison of calculated setting value. To realize on-line verification, the verifying speed is the key. The verifying result of comparing protection range is accurate, but the computation burden is heavy, and the verifying speed is slow. Comparing calculated setting value is much faster, but the verifying result is conservative and inaccurate. Taking the overcurrent protection as example, this paper analyses the advantages and disadvantages of the two traditional methods above, and proposes a hybrid method of on-line verification which synthesizes the advantages of the two traditional methods. This hybrid method can meet the requirements of accurate on-line verification.

  9. On-line laser spectroscopy with thermal atomic beams

    CERN Document Server

    Thibault, C; De Saint-Simon, M; Duong, H T; Guimbal, P; Huber, G; Jacquinot, P; Juncar, P; Klapisch, Robert; Liberman, S; Pesnelle, A; Pillet, P; Pinard, J; Serre, J M; Touchard, F; Vialle, J L

    1981-01-01

    On-line high resolution laser spectroscopy experiments have been performed in which the light from a CW tunable dye laser interacts at right angles with a thermal atomic beam. /sup 76-98/Rb, /sup 118-145 /Cs and /sup 208-213/Fr have been studied using the ionic beam delivered by the ISOLDE on-line mass separator at CERN while /sup 30-31/Na and /sup 38-47/K have been studied by setting the apparatus directly on-line with the PS 20 GeV proton beam. The principle of the method is briefly explained and some results concerning nuclear structure are given. The hyperfine structure, spins and isotope shifts of the alkali isotopes and isomers are measured. (8 refs).

  10. Strengthening weak ties through on-line gaming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana Virginia; Kirchner, Kathrin

    On-line gaming became widespread in the last couple of years. The aim of the research presented in the paper is to figure out to what extent does game playing helps to strengthen weak ties and what additional factors influence this process. The approach is rather exploratory – some factors...... are grounded in theory, some are new. These factors are age, gender, place of origin, number of their Facebook connections (friends in Facebook terminology), the amount of time they are on Facebook, the amount of time they keep the Facebook site open, the amount of time they play on-line games, and the reasons...... for starting to play on-line games. Regarding the latter, we chose to focus only on escapist reasons....

  11. On-Line Voltage Stability Assessment based on PMU Measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garcia-Valle, Rodrigo; P. Da Silva, Luiz C.; Nielsen, Arne Hejde

    2009-01-01

    through statistic analysis. During the off-line analysis, a memory of high-risk situations following a pre-defined voltage stability criterion is obtained. Thereafter, basic statistics analyses are applied resulting in the definition of voltage regions. During on-line operation, voltage magnitudes......This paper presents a method for on-line monitoring of risk voltage collapse based on synchronised phasor measurement. As there is no room for intensive computation and analysis in real-time, the method is based on the combination of off-line computation and on-line monitoring, which are correlated...... of critical buses obtained by phasor measurements are monitored in relation to the risk regions. Comprehensive studies demonstrate that the proposed method could assist operators to avoid voltage collapse events, by taking preventive or emergency actions....

  12. On-line tribochemical strengthening of gear surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    It has been found that under favorable friction conditions some antiwear elements inlubricating additives can permeate into subsurface of metal which can strengthens the friction sur-faces and improves anti-wear capacity of frication pairs. It is in many ways similar to chemical heattreatment. A new concept, technology of on-line strengthening, was logically put forward. Based oncurrent gear surface treatment technology, the on-line strengthen of gear surface is proposed. Itsdesign method is established. Based on it, the on-line strengthen of gear is achieved on CL-100gear test machine. A new method is put forward for strengthen treatment of gear surface. Andthree kinds of surface film were suggested.

  13. Why do People Stop Playing On-Line Games?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    2012-01-01

    The recent initial public offering of shares of Zynga, probably the most important on-line game provider, drew interest of potential investors but also of general public to their business model. What the most interested people learned so far is that if Zynga had not changed their accounting...... practice, they would be in red numbers for several months already. This is most likely caused by people stopping to play their games. This paper provides an estimate of what proportion of people, who played on-line games, already stopped playing them. Additionally, it analyzed the reasons why people...

  14. On-Line Generation of 3D-Waves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Peter

    1992-01-01

    The paper describes the technique of filtering white noise for on-line generation of 3D-waves on a small computer in the laboratory. The wave generation package is implemented and tested in the 3D-wave basin at the University of Aalborg.......The paper describes the technique of filtering white noise for on-line generation of 3D-waves on a small computer in the laboratory. The wave generation package is implemented and tested in the 3D-wave basin at the University of Aalborg....

  15. The User-friendly On-Line Diffusion Chamber

    CERN Document Server

    Aviles Acosta, Jaime

    2015-01-01

    The On-Line Diffusion Chamber is a stand-alone apparatus built to carry out short-live radiotracer diffusion studies. The availability of the on-demand production of isotopes in the ISOLDE facility, and the design of the apparatus to streamline the implantation process, annealing treatment, ion gun ablation with a tape transport system, and radiation intensity measurement with a Ge gamma detector all in the same apparatus, gives the On-Line Diffusion Chamber a unique ability to studies with short-lived radioisotopes or isomer states that are not possible in any other facility in the world.

  16. On-line measurement of heat of combustion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaturvedi, S. K.; Chegini, H.

    1988-01-01

    An experimental method for an on-line measurement of heat of combustion of a gaseous hydrocarbon fuel mixture of unknown composition is developed. It involves combustion of a test gas with a known quantity of air to achieve a predetermined oxygen concentration level in the combustion products. This is accomplished by a feedback controller which maintains the gas volumetric flow rate at a level consistent with the desired oxygen concentration in the products. The heat of combustion is determined from a known correlation with the gas volumetric flow rate. An on-line microcomputer accesses the gas volumetric flow data, and displays the heat of combustion values at desired time intervals.

  17. On-Line Learning and the Implications for School Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stack, Greg

    2011-01-01

    "Disrupting Class," published in 2008, is the story of how disruptive innovation, innovation that changes the business model organizations, will fundamentally change the American school system. The book's most startling prediction is that half of all high school classes will be on-line by 2019. In considering these predictions, the author began to…

  18. On-line multidimensional separation systems for peptide analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stroink, T.

    2005-01-01

    Today, there is an increasing interest in selective and sensitive analysis of proteins and peptides with a relatively high speed. The first chapter of this thesis describes several strategies for the on-line multidimensional analysis of peptides and proteins in biological samples. This overview of t

  19. On-line probabilistic classification with particle filters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen-Sørensen, Pedro; de Freitas, N.; Fog, Torben L.

    2000-01-01

    We apply particle filters to the problem of on-line classification with possibly overlapping classes. This allows us to compute the probabilities of class membership as the classes evolve. Although we adopt neural network classifiers, the work can be extended to any other parametric classification...

  20. Personal Assistant for onLine Services: Addressing human factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindenberg, J.; Nagata, S.F.; Neerincx, M.A.

    2003-01-01

    The Personal Assistant for onLine Services (PALS) project aims at substantially improving the user experience of mobile internet services. It focuses on a generic solution: a personal assistant, which attunes the interaction to the momentary user needs and use context (e.g. adjusting the

  1. Efficiently Building On-line Tools for Distributed Heterogeneous Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Günther Rackl

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Software development is getting more and more complex, especially within distributed middleware-based environments. A major drawback during the overall software development process is the lack of on-line tools, i.e. tools applied as soon as there is a running prototype of an application. The MIMO MIddleware MOnitor provides a solution to this problem by implementing a framework for an efficient development of on-line tools. This paper presents a methodology for developing on-line tools with MIMO. As an example scenario, we choose a distributed medical image reconstruction application, which represents a test case with high performance requirements. Our distributed, CORBA-based application is instrumented for being observed with MIMO and related tools. Additionally, load balancing mechanisms are integrated for further performance improvements. As a result, we obtain an integrated tool environment for observing and steering the image reconstruction application. By using our rapid tool development process, the integration of on-line tools shows to be very convenient and enables an efficient tool deployment.

  2. Developing an On-Line Interactive Health Psychology Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upton, Dominic; Cooper, Carol

    2006-01-01

    On-line teaching material in health psychology was developed which ensured a range of students could access appropriate material for their course and level of study. This material has been developed around the concept of smaller "content chunks" which can be combined into whole units of learning (topics), and ultimately, a module. On the basis of…

  3. Why do People Stop playing On-Line Games?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    2012-01-01

    The recent initial public offering of shares of Zynga, probably the most important on-line game provider, drew interest of potential investors but also of general public to their business model. What the most interested people learned so far is that if Zynga had not changed their accounting...

  4. On-Line Learning and the Implications for School Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stack, Greg

    2011-01-01

    "Disrupting Class," published in 2008, is the story of how disruptive innovation, innovation that changes the business model organizations, will fundamentally change the American school system. The book's most startling prediction is that half of all high school classes will be on-line by 2019. In considering these predictions, the author began to…

  5. Specialization processes in on-line unsupervised learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biehl, M.; Freking, A.; Reents, G.; Schlösser, E.

    1998-01-01

    From the recent analysis of supervised learning by on-line gradient descent in multilayered neural networks it is known that the necessary process of student specialization can be delayed significantly. We demonstrate that this phenomenon also occurs in various models of unsupervised learning. A sol

  6. On-line sample treatment - Capillary gas chromatography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goosens, EC; de Jong, D; de Jong, GJ; Brinkman, UAT

    1998-01-01

    Sample pretreatment is often the bottleneck of a trace level analytical procedure. In order to increase performance, increasing attention is therefore being devoted to combining sample pretreatment on-line with the separation technique that has to be used. In the present review, a variety of procedu

  7. A New On-Line Resource for Psycholinguistic Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekely, Anna; Jacobsen, Thomas; D'Amico, Simona; Devescovi, Antonella; Andonoa, Elena; Herron, Daniel; Lu, Ching Ching; Pechmann, Thomas; Pleh, Csaba; Wicha, Nicole; Federmeier, Kara; Gerdjikova, Irina; Gutierrez, Gabriel; Hung, Daisy, Hsu, Jeanne; Iyer, Gowri; Kohnert, Kathryn; Mehotcheva, Teodora; Orozco-Figueroa, Araceli; Tzeng, Angela; Tzeng, Ovid; Arevalo, Analia; Vargha, Andras; Butler, Andrew C.; Buffington, Robert; Bates, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    Picture naming is a widely used technique in psycholinguistic studies. Here, we describe new on-line resources that our project has compiled and made available to researchers on the world wide web at http://crl.ucsd.edu/~aszekely/ipnp/. The website provides access to a wide range of picture stimuli and related norms in seven languages. Picture…

  8. ADAPTIVE CONTEXT PROCESSING IN ON-LINE HANDWRITTEN CHARACTER RECOGNITION

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iwayama, N.; Ishigaki, K.

    2004-01-01

    We propose a new approach to context processing in on-line handwritten character recognition (OLCR). Based on the observation that writers often repeat the strings that they input, we take the approach of adaptive context processing. (ACP). In ACP, the strings input by a writer are automatically

  9. The Lesson Observation On-Line (Evidence Portfolio) Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, David G.

    2015-01-01

    At a time when teacher training is being moved to school-based programmes it is important to engage in a research-informed dialogue about creating more distinctive, and cost-effective 21st century models of teacher training. Three years ago I began feasibility field testing the Lesson Observation On-line (Evidence Portfolio) Platform [LOOP]…

  10. On-Line Synthesis and Analysis by Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, Ryan M.; Pulliam, Christopher J.; Raab, Shannon A.; Cooks, R. Graham

    2015-01-01

    In this laboratory experiment, students learn how to use ESI to accelerate chemical synthesis and to couple it with on-line mass spectrometry for structural analysis. The Hantzsch synthesis of symmetric 1,4-dihydropyridines is a classic example of a one-pot reaction in which multiple intermediates can serve to indicate the progress of the reaction…

  11. Investigating on-line pornography at the University of Johannesburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Laughton

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The on-line user of today has access to a vast collection of information resources. In addition, the developments in Internet and Web technologies have made it even easier for surfers to anonymously get access to on-line pornography. The purpose of this research was to investigate the extent to which access to on-line pornography at the University of Johannesburg can be managed. For the empirical part of this research 1037 questionnaires were proportionally distributed to and completed by students on all five campuses of the university. The questionnaire consisted of four sections: biographical information; university computer facility usage; university acceptable use policy; and personal experience with university computer facilities. The gender distribution for the sample was almost even, with a total of 49,4% male participants and 50,6% female, with the largest grouping of respondents (61,6% aged between 19 years and 21 years. Of the respondents, 36,7% indicated that exposure to unsolicited pornography did not bother them. When asked to what extent students should have access to pornography, 60,5% stated 'None' while 32,6% believed that 'Restricted' access should be granted for research purposes and 6,9% believed that students should be granted 'Total' access to pornography. Results from the research will be used to manage access to on-line resources at the University of Johannesburg better.

  12. Investigating on-line pornography at the University of Johannesburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Laughton

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The on-line user of today has access to a vast collection of information resources. In addition, the developments in Internet and Web technologies have made it even easier for surfers to anonymously get access to on-line pornography. The purpose of this research was to investigate the extent to which access to on-line pornography at the University of Johannesburg can be managed. For the empirical part of this research 1037 questionnaires were proportionally distributed to and completed by students on all five campuses of the university. The questionnaire consisted of four sections: biographical information; university computer facility usage; university acceptable use policy; and personal experience with university computer facilities. The gender distribution for the sample was almost even, with total of 49,4% male participants and 50,6% female, with the largest grouping of respondents(61,6% aged between 19 years and 21 years. Of the respondents, 36,7% indicated that exposure to unsolicited pornography did not bother them. When asked to what extent students should have access to pornography, 60,5% stated 'None' while 32,6% believed that 'Restricted' access should be granted for research purposes and 6,9% believed that students should be granted 'Total' access to pornography. Results from the research will be used to manage access to on-line resources at the University of Johannesburg better.

  13. On-Line NDE for Advanced Reactor Designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagawa, N.; Inanc, F.; Thompson, R. B.; Junker, W. R.; Ruddy, F. H.; Beatty, J. M.; Arlia, N. G.

    2003-03-01

    This expository paper introduces the concept of on-line sensor methodologies for monitoring the integrity of components in next generation power systems, and explains general benefits of the approach, while describing early conceptual developments of suitable NDE methodologies. The paper first explains the philosophy behind this approach (i.e. the design-for-inspectability concept). Specifically, we describe where and how decades of accumulated knowledge and experience in nuclear power system maintenance are utilized in Generation IV power system designs, as the designs are being actively developed, in order to advance their safety and economy. Second, we explain that Generation IV reactor design features call for the replacement of the current outage-based maintenance by on-line inspection and monitoring. Third, the model-based approach toward design and performance optimization of on-line sensor systems, using electromagnetic, ultrasonic, and radiation detectors, will be explained. Fourth, general types of NDE inspections that are considered amenable to on-line health monitoring will be listed. Fifth, we will describe specific modeling developments to be used for radiography, EMAT UT, and EC detector design studies.

  14. On-Line Synthesis and Analysis by Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, Ryan M.; Pulliam, Christopher J.; Raab, Shannon A.; Cooks, R. Graham

    2015-01-01

    In this laboratory experiment, students learn how to use ESI to accelerate chemical synthesis and to couple it with on-line mass spectrometry for structural analysis. The Hantzsch synthesis of symmetric 1,4-dihydropyridines is a classic example of a one-pot reaction in which multiple intermediates can serve to indicate the progress of the reaction…

  15. Why do People Stop Playing On-Line Games?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    2012-01-01

    The recent initial public offering of shares of Zynga, probably the most important on-line game provider, drew interest of potential investors but also of general public to their business model. What the most interested people learned so far is that if Zynga had not changed their accounting...

  16. On-line survivable routing in WDM networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beshir, A.A.; Kuipers, F.A.; Van Mieghem, P.F.A.; Orda, A.

    2009-01-01

    In WDM networks, survivable routing and wavelength assignment (SRWA) involves assigning link-disjoint primary and backup lightpaths. In the on-line SRWA problem, a sequence of requests arrive and each request is either accepted or rejected based only on the input sequence seen so far. For special

  17. On-line Survivable Routing in WDM Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beshir, A.A.; Kuipers, F.A.; Van Mieghem, P.; Orda, A.

    In WDM networks, survivable routing and wavelength assignment (SRWA) involves assigning link-disjoint primary and backup lightpaths. In the on-line SRWA problem, a sequence of requests arrive and each request is either accepted or rejected based only on the input sequence seen so far. For special

  18. IOOS Data Portals and Uniform On-line Browse Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, M.; Currier, R. D.; Kobara, S.; Gayanilo, F.

    2015-12-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System Regional Association (GCOOS-RA) is one of eleven Regional Associations organized under the NOAA-led U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office. Each of the RAs operate standards-based regional data portals designed to aggregate near real-time and historical observed data and modeled outputs from distributed providers and to offer these and derived products in standardized ways to a diverse set of users. The RA's portals are based on the IOOS Data and Communications Plan which describes the functional elements needed for an interoperable system. One of these elements is called "Uniform On-line Browse" which is an informational service designed primarily to visualize the inventory of a portal. An on-line browse service supports the end user's need to discover what parameters are available, to learn the spatial and temporal extend of the holdings, and to examine the character of the data (e.g, variability, gappiness, etc). These pieces of information help the end user decide if the data are fit for his/her purpose and to construct valid data requests. Note that on-line browse is a distinctly different activity than data analysis because it seeks to yield knowledge about the inventory and not about what the data mean. "Uniform" on-line browse is a service that takes advantage of the standardization of the data portal's data access points. Most portals represent station locations on a map. This is a view of the data inventory but these plots are rarely generated by pulling data through the standards-based services offered to the end users but through methods only available to the portal programmers. This work will present results of Uniform On-line browse tools developed within GCOOS-RA and their applicability to other RA portals.

  19. Mentoring Narratives ON-LINE:Teaching the Principalship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison I. Griffith

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The need to develop new models for preparation of school administrators has been a prominent concern in educational discourse in the last decade. Having been criticized for the inadequate preparation of the school leadership cadre, academic departments responsible for training future school administrators have had to revisit their approaches and to reframe their teaching philosophies to ensure the readiness of their graduates for the challenges and complexities of school leadership. This article reports on the new model of principals' training that has been used in York University's Principals' Qualification Program (PQP from the late 1990s onward. One component of the program brings traditional case methodology into a computer-mediated/on-line environment. The on-line cases are narratives from the everyday lives of the Ontario school administrators who serve as mentors in the on-line environment. Situating our discussion within the context of the rapidly changing educational landscape of Ontario, we focus on the PQP model to explore experientially generated case narratives as one method for teaching and learning the work of the local school administrator. We focus particularly on the teaching and learning embedded in computer-mediated or on-line case narratives used in training teachers for school leadership. We argue that the complexities of school leadership—the social, cultural, relational, ethical and moral context of school leadership—can be taught effectively through the reflective processes of on-line case narratives. We seek to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on the potential of new pedagogies and new technologies to help prepare the competent and responsible leaders for tomorrow's schools.

  20. Algorithm design

    CERN Document Server

    Kleinberg, Jon

    2006-01-01

    Algorithm Design introduces algorithms by looking at the real-world problems that motivate them. The book teaches students a range of design and analysis techniques for problems that arise in computing applications. The text encourages an understanding of the algorithm design process and an appreciation of the role of algorithms in the broader field of computer science.

  1. Genetic algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lui; Bayer, Steven E.

    1991-01-01

    Genetic algorithms are mathematical, highly parallel, adaptive search procedures (i.e., problem solving methods) based loosely on the processes of natural genetics and Darwinian survival of the fittest. Basic genetic algorithms concepts are introduced, genetic algorithm applications are introduced, and results are presented from a project to develop a software tool that will enable the widespread use of genetic algorithm technology.

  2. 基于FPGA的卷积码Viterbi编码/译码器的设计与实现%The FPGA Design and Implement of Viterbi Encoder and Decoder for Convolutional Codes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成; 杨健

    2009-01-01

    该文设计了一种采用(2,1,2)卷积码的VB编码/解码器,并在XilinX公司SpartanⅡ-XC2S200 FPGA芯片上实现.所设计的VB编码/解码器具有前向纠错能力强、编解码速度快、占用系统资源少等特点.综合后仿真结果显示,该VB编码/解码器的性能较理想,达到了预期的设计目标.%In this paper, a novel kind of Viterbi (VB) encoder/decoder based on (2, 1, 2) convolutional code is introduced, then the hard-ware design is implemented successfully in FPGA with Xilinx company's SpartanⅡ-XC2S200. The new VB encoder/decoder has many obvious advantages, such as strong ability of forward error correction (FEC), short time of encoding/decoding, less taken hardware resources and so on. Synthesizing and simulation results show that the new VB encoder/decoder has agreeable performance and satisfies the expected design objectives very well.

  3. Astronomy On-Line Programme Enters "hot Week"

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-11-01

    World's Biggest Astronomy WWW-Event Attracts Thousands of Students The Astronomy On-line Programme (See ESO Press Release 09/96 of 18 June 1996) began officially on 1 October and is now about to enter its most intense phase, known as the Hot Week . On 18 - 22 November, an estimated 4000 astronomy-interested, mostly young people in Europe and on four other continents will get together during five days in what - not unexpected - has become the world's biggest astronomy event ever organised on the World Wide Web. This carefully structured Programme is carried out in collaboration between the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE), the European Southern Observatory and the European Commission, under the auspices of the Fourth European Week for Scientific and Technological Culture. The Programme has already had a most visible impact on the school education of natural sciences in various countries; for instance, the Internet-connection of schools has been advanced in some, in order to allow groups to participate. There have been numerous contacts among the groups across the borders and there are clear signs that many Astronomy On-line participants have progressed to use the impressive possibilities of the Web in an efficient and structured way. There has been a lively media interest in Astronomy On-line all over Europe and it is expected to increase during the next week. The current status of Astronomy On-line It is obvious that the pilot function of the Astronomy On-line Programme in the use of the Web has been very effective and that the associated dissemination of astronomical knowledge has been successful. At this time, more than 650 groups have registered with Astronomy On-line. Most come from 31 different European countries and a few dozen groups are located in North and South America as well as in Asia and Australia. Together they have experienced the steady build-up of Astronomy On-line over the past weeks, by means of numerous contributions from a

  4. ON THE RELEVANCE OF ON-LINE TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fu, B.; Uhlig, S.P.W.G.

    The evaluation of dynamic Traffic Engineering (TE) algorithms is usually carried out using some specific network(s), traffic pattern(s) and traffic engineering objective(s). As the behavior of a TE algorithm is a consequence of the interactions between the network, the traffic demand and the algorit

  5. Constructing a maximum utility slate of on-line advertisements

    CERN Document Server

    Keerthi, S Sathiya

    2007-01-01

    We present an algorithm for constructing an optimal slate of sponsored search advertisements which respects the ordering that is the outcome of a generalized second price auction, but which must also accommodate complicating factors such as overall budget constraints. The algorithm is easily fast enough to use on the fly for typical problem sizes, or as a subroutine in an overall optimization.

  6. On-line Decentralized Charging of Plug-In Electric Vehicles in Power Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Qiao; Negi, Rohit; Franchetti, Franz; Ilic, Marija D

    2011-01-01

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) are gaining increasing popularity in recent years, due to the growing societal awareness of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the dependence on foreign oil or petroleum. Large-scale implementation of PEVs in the power system currently faces many challenges. One particular concern is that the PEV charging can potentially cause significant impact on the existing power distribution system, due to the increase in peak load. As such, this work tries to mitigate the PEV charging impact by proposing a decentralized smart PEV charging algorithm to minimize the distribution system load variance, so that a 'flat' total load profile can be obtained. The charging algorithm is on-line, in that it controls the PEV charging processes in each time slot based entirely on the current power system state. Thus, compared to other forecast based smart charging approaches in the literature, the charging algorithm is robust against various uncertainties in the power system, such as random PE...

  7. On-line Measuring Method for Shell Chamber Volume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li-zhong; WANG De-min; JIANG Tao; CAO Guo-hua; WANG Qi

    2005-01-01

    Using the ideal gas state equation, an on-line measuring method for the shell chamber volume is studied in this paper. After analyzing how various measurement parameters affect the measurement accuracy, the system parameters are optimized in this method. Because the shape and volume of the tested items are similar, the method of using "tamping" to raise the accuracy and speed of the measurement is put forward. Based on the work above, a prototype of the testing instrument for shell chamber volume was developed, automatically testing and controlling. Compared with the method of "water weight", this method is more accurate, quicker and more automotive, so it is adaptable for the use of on-line detection.

  8. On-line Dynamic Security Assessment in Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weckesser, Johannes Tilman Gabriel

    tools may no longer be feasible, since they are generally based on extensive off-line studies. A core component of an efficient on-line dynamic security assessment is a fast and reliable contingency screening. As part of this thesis a contingency screening method is developed and its performance......The thesis concerns the development of tools and methods for on-line dynamic security assessment (DSA). In a future power system with low-dependence or even independence of fossil fuels, generation will be based to a large extent on noncontrollable renewable energy sources (RES), such as wind...... and solar radiation. Moreover, ongoing research suggests that demand response will be introduced to maintain power balance between generation and consumption at all times. Due to these changes the operating point of the power system will be less predictable and today’s stability and security assessment...

  9. On-line Ramsey Numbers for Paths and Stars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslaw Grytczuk

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available We study on-line version of size-Ramsey numbers of graphs defined via a game played between Builder and Painter: in one round Builder joins two vertices by an edge and Painter paints it red or blue. The goal of Builder is to force Painter to create a monochromatic copy of a fixed graph H in as few rounds as possible. The minimum number of rounds (assuming both players play perfectly is the on-line Ramsey number r(H of the graph H. We determine exact values of r(H for a few short paths and obtain a general upper bound r(Pn ≤ 4n-7. We also study asymmetric version of this parameter when one of the target graphs is a star Sn with n edges. We prove that r(Sn,H≤n ·e(H when H is any tree, cycle or clique.

  10. On-line corrosion monitoring in district heating systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Sonja; Thorarinsdottir, R.I.; Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel

    2004-01-01

    complicates the chemistry of the environment. Hydrogen sulphide is present in geothermal systems and can be formed as a by-product of sulphate-reducing-bacteria (SRB). The application of electrochemical methods makes on-line monitoring possible. These methods include: Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR......), Electrochemical Noise (EN) and Zero Resistance Ammetry (ZRA). Electrochemical Resistance (ER) has also been used to measure corrosion. The method traditionally only measures corrosion off-line but with newly developed high-sensitive ER technique developed by MetriCorr in Denmark, on-line monitoring is possible......Traditionally corrosion monitoring in district heating systems has been performed offline via weight loss coupons. These measurements give information about the past and not the present situation and require long exposure time (weeks or months). The good quality of district heating medium makes...

  11. Fractal groups: Emergent dynamics in on-line learning communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junia de Carvalho Fidelis Braga

    Full Text Available Drawing on complexity theory, this work discusses the complex dynamics and emergent patterns of on-line learning communities based on a doctoral study in the area of Applied Linguistics. The analysis will center on the interlocutions of fifty students who interacted in small groups without the teacher's direct intervention, in an undergraduate course offered by the School of Languages and Literature at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. By analyzing the data, I demonstrate that out of the interactions among the peers of autonomous on-line learning communities arise opportunities for the construction of shared meaning, distributed leadership, as well as other dynamics. I also demonstrate the fractal nature of these communities. Moreover, I discuss how these findings shed light on the creation and development of course designs for large groups.

  12. On-Line Metrology with Conoscopic Holography: Beyond Triangulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez, Ignacio; Enguita, Jose M.; Frade, María; Marina, Jorge; Ojea, Guillermo

    2009-01-01

    On-line non-contact surface inspection with high precision is still an open problem. Laser triangulation techniques are the most common solution for this kind of systems, but there exist fundamental limitations to their applicability when high precisions, long standoffs or large apertures are needed, and when there are difficult operating conditions. Other methods are, in general, not applicable in hostile environments or inadequate for on-line measurement. In this paper we review the latest research in Conoscopic Holography, an interferometric technique that has been applied successfully in this kind of applications, ranging from submicrometric roughness measurements, to long standoff sensors for surface defect detection in steel at high temperatures. PMID:22399984

  13. Escapist Motives for Playing On-Line Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    , Harteveld and Mayer’s framework (2009) of escapist motives, which identifies four main motives for playing on-line games: mundane breaking, stress relieving, pleasure seeking, and imagination conjuring. In the paper, we report preliminary findings from an exploratory questionnaire survey. Besides importance...... of escapist motives for playing Facebook and other on-line games, we investigate how they are linked to demographic data such as: age, gender, place of origin, along with other social interactions patterns and social network usage behavior, current gaming status and an estimate of gaming time. According......Social games have become popular along with the tremendous growth of social networking sites, esp. Facebook. There is a gap in literature on what motivates people to play Facebook games. This paper studies social games usage behavior of students. We focus on escapist reasons, based on Warmelink...

  14. On-line Corrosion Monitoring in District Heating Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Sonja; Thorarinsdottir, R.I.; Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel

    2005-01-01

    The corrosion control in district heating systems is today performed primarily with control of the water quality. The corrosion rate is kept low by assuring low dissolved oxygen concentration, high pH and low conductivity. Corrosion failures can occur, e.g. as a result of unknown oxygen ingress......, precipitation of deposits or crevices. The authors describe methods used for on-line monitoring of corrosion, cover the complications and the main results of a Nordic project....

  15. On-Line and Back at S.F.U.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sanderson

    1973-06-01

    Full Text Available Simon Fraser University library began operation with an automated circulation system. After deliberation, it mounted the first phase of a two-phase online circulation system. A radically revised loan pol·icy caused the system design and assumptions to be called into question. A cheaper, simpler, and more effective off-line system eventually replaced the on-line system. The systems, fiscal, and administrative implications of this decision are reviewed.

  16. Two Types of Designs for On-Line Circulation Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob McGee

    1972-09-01

    Full Text Available On-line circulation systems divide into two types. One type contains records only for charged or otherwise absent items. The other contains a file of records for all titles or volumes in the library collection, regardless of their circulation status. This paper traces differences between the two types, examining different kinds of files and terminals, transaction evidence, the quality of bibliographic data, querying, and the possibility of functions outside circulation. Aspects of both operational and potential systems are considered.

  17. Differential Electronic Nose in On-Line Dynamic Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osowski S.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents application of differential electronic nose in the dynamic (on-line volatile measurement. First we compare the classical nose employing only one sensor array and its extension in the differential form containing two sensor arrays working in differential mode. We show that differential nose performs better at changing environmental conditions, especially the temperature, and well performs in the dynamic mode of operation. We show its application in recognition of different brands of tobacco

  18. On-line phase space measurement with kicker excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, J.; Maier, R.; Mohos, I.

    1998-12-01

    A new method for on-line phase space measurements with kicker excitation at COSY was developed. The position data were measured using the analog output of two beam position monitors (BPMs) and directly monitored on a digital storage oscilloscope with an external clock (bunch-synchronous sampling). Nonlinear behavior of the proton beam was visible as well as were resonance islands. Typical measurements are presented.

  19. An Indoor Pedestrian Positioning Method Using HMM with a Fuzzy Pattern Recognition Algorithm in a WLAN Fingerprint System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yepeng Ni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of smartphones and wireless networks, indoor location-based services have become more and more prevalent. Due to the sophisticated propagation of radio signals, the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI shows a significant variation during pedestrian walking, which introduces critical errors in deterministic indoor positioning. To solve this problem, we present a novel method to improve the indoor pedestrian positioning accuracy by embedding a fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm into a Hidden Markov Model. The fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm follows the rule that the RSSI fading has a positive correlation to the distance between the measuring point and the AP location even during a dynamic positioning measurement. Through this algorithm, we use the RSSI variation trend to replace the specific RSSI value to achieve a fuzzy positioning. The transition probability of the Hidden Markov Model is trained by the fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm with pedestrian trajectories. Using the Viterbi algorithm with the trained model, we can obtain a set of hidden location states. In our experiments, we demonstrate that, compared with the deterministic pattern matching algorithm, our method can greatly improve the positioning accuracy and shows robust environmental adaptability.

  20. An Indoor Pedestrian Positioning Method Using HMM with a Fuzzy Pattern Recognition Algorithm in a WLAN Fingerprint System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Yepeng; Liu, Jianbo; Liu, Shan; Bai, Yaxin

    2016-09-08

    With the rapid development of smartphones and wireless networks, indoor location-based services have become more and more prevalent. Due to the sophisticated propagation of radio signals, the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) shows a significant variation during pedestrian walking, which introduces critical errors in deterministic indoor positioning. To solve this problem, we present a novel method to improve the indoor pedestrian positioning accuracy by embedding a fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm into a Hidden Markov Model. The fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm follows the rule that the RSSI fading has a positive correlation to the distance between the measuring point and the AP location even during a dynamic positioning measurement. Through this algorithm, we use the RSSI variation trend to replace the specific RSSI value to achieve a fuzzy positioning. The transition probability of the Hidden Markov Model is trained by the fuzzy pattern recognition algorithm with pedestrian trajectories. Using the Viterbi algorithm with the trained model, we can obtain a set of hidden location states. In our experiments, we demonstrate that, compared with the deterministic pattern matching algorithm, our method can greatly improve the positioning accuracy and shows robust environmental adaptability.

  1. Algorithmic cryptanalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Joux, Antoine

    2009-01-01

    Illustrating the power of algorithms, Algorithmic Cryptanalysis describes algorithmic methods with cryptographically relevant examples. Focusing on both private- and public-key cryptographic algorithms, it presents each algorithm either as a textual description, in pseudo-code, or in a C code program.Divided into three parts, the book begins with a short introduction to cryptography and a background chapter on elementary number theory and algebra. It then moves on to algorithms, with each chapter in this section dedicated to a single topic and often illustrated with simple cryptographic applic

  2. The new on-line Czech Food Composition Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machackova, Marie; Holasova, Marie; Maskova, Eva

    2013-10-01

    The new on-line Czech Food Composition Database (FCDB) was launched on http://www.czfcdb.cz in December 2010 as a main freely available channel for dissemination of Czech food composition data. The application is based on a complied FCDB documented according to the EuroFIR standardised procedure for full value documentation and indexing of foods by the LanguaL™ Thesaurus. A content management system was implemented for administration of the website and performing data export (comma-separated values or EuroFIR XML transport package formats) by a compiler. Reference/s are provided for each published value with linking to available freely accessible on-line sources of data (e.g. full texts, EuroFIR Document Repository, on-line national FCDBs). LanguaL™ codes are displayed within each food record as searchable keywords of the database. A photo (or a photo gallery) is used as a visual descriptor of a food item. The application is searchable on foods, components, food groups, alphabet and a multi-field advanced search. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Review of trigger and on-line processors at SLAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lankford, A.J.

    1984-07-01

    The role of trigger and on-line processors in reducing data rates to manageable proportions in e/sup +/e/sup -/ physics experiments is defined not by high physics or background rates, but by the large event sizes of the general-purpose detectors employed. The rate of e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation is low, and backgrounds are not high; yet the number of physics processes which can be studied is vast and varied. This paper begins by briefly describing the role of trigger processors in the e/sup +/e/sup -/ context. The usual flow of the trigger decision process is illustrated with selected examples of SLAC trigger processing. The features are mentioned of triggering at the SLC and the trigger processing plans of the two SLC detectors: The Mark II and the SLD. The most common on-line processors at SLAC, the BADC, the SLAC Scanner Processor, the SLAC FASTBUS Controller, and the VAX CAMAC Channel, are discussed. Uses of the 168/E, 3081/E, and FASTBUS VAX processors are mentioned. The manner in which these processors are interfaced and the function they serve on line is described. Finally, the accelerator control system for the SLC is outlined. This paper is a survey in nature, and hence, relies heavily upon references to previous publications for detailed description of work mentioned here. 27 references, 9 figures, 1 table.

  4. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ON-LINE COAL WASHABILITY ANALYZER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.D. Miller; C.L. Lin; G.H. Luttrell; G.T. Adel; Barbara Marin

    2001-06-26

    Washability analysis is the basis for nearly all coal preparation plant separations. Unfortunately, there are no on- line techniques for determining this most fundamental of all coal cleaning information. In light of recent successes at the University of Utah, it now appears possible to determine coal washability on-line through the use of x-ray computed tomography (CT) analysis. The successful development of such a device is critical to the establishment of process control and automated coal blending systems. In this regard, Virginia Tech, Terra Tek Inc., and U.S. coal producers have joined with the University of Utah and to undertake the development of an X-ray CT-based on- line coal washability analyzer with financial assistance from DOE. Each project participant brought special expertise to the project in order to create a new dimension in coal cleaning technology. The project involves development of appropriate software and extensive testing/evaluation of well-characterized coal samples from operating coal preparation plants. Data collected to date suggest that this new technology is capable of serving as a universal analyzer that can not only provide washability analysis, but also particle size distribution analysis, ash analysis, and perhaps pyritic sulfur analysis.

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ON-LINE COAL WASHABILITY ANALYZER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.D. Miller

    1999-09-30

    Washability analysis is the basis for nearly all coal preparation plant separations. Unfortunately, there are no on-line techniques for determining this most fundamental of all coal cleaning information. In light of recent successes at the University of Utah, it now appears possible to determine coal washability on-line through the use of x-ray computed tomography (CT) analysis. The successful development of such a device is critical to the establishment of process control and automated coal blending systems. In this regard, Virginia Tech, Terra Tek Inc., and several eastern coal companies have joined with the University of Utah and agreed to undertake the development of a x-ray CT-based on-line coal washability analyzer with financial assistance from DOE. The three-year project will cost $594,571, of which 33% ($194,575) will be cost-shared by the participants. The project involves development of appropriate software and extensive testing/evaluation of well-characterized coal samples from operating coal preparation plants. Each project participant brings special expertise to the project which is expected to create a new dimension in coal cleaning technology. Finally, it should be noted that the analyzer may prove to be a universal analyzer capable of providing not only washability analysis, but also particle size distribution analysis, ash analysis and perhaps pyritic sulfur analysis.

  6. Designing effective on-line continuing medical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimitat, Craig

    2001-03-01

    The Internet, and new information and communication technologies available through the Internet, provides medical educators with an opportunity to develop unique on-line learning environments with real potential to improve physicians' knowledge and effect change in their clinical practice. There are approximately 100 websites offering on-line CME courses in the USA alone. However, few of these CME courses appear to be based on sound educational principles or CME research and may have little chance of achieving the broader goals of CME. The majority of these courses closely resemble their traditional counterparts (e.g. paper-based books are now electronic books) and appear to be mere substitutions for old-technology CME resources. Whilst some CME providers add unique features of the Internet to enrich their websites, they do not employ strategies to optimize the learning opportunities afforded by this new technology. The adoption of adult learning principles, reflective practice and problem-based approaches can be used as a foundation for sound CME course design. In addition, knowledge of Internet technology and the learning opportunities it affords, together with strategies to maintain participation and new assessment paradigms, are all needed for developing online CME. We argue for an evidence-based and strategic approach to the development of on-line CME courses designed to enhance physician learning and facilitate change in clinical behaviour.

  7. Internet Teaching By Style: Profiling the On-line Professor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharon Strand

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to offer the results of a pilot study which examined the personality type and teaching style preferences of faculty who elected to teach an on-line course. The article will present a description of personality assessments, including the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI and Anthony Gregorc's Transaction Ability Inventory used to determine teaching tendencies and styles. In addition, a structured written questionnaire developed by the researchers was used to assess teacher satisfaction with worldwide web-based instruction. Utilizing the results of these psychological assessments, a preliminary analysis of the personal characteristics of college professors who chose to teach on line will be presented. This pilot study found that some preferred teaching styles may be more compatible with the dynamics of distance learning formats. By determining successful teaching styles for on-line courses, we can develop more effective faculty development programs to assist others in successfully transitioning into the cyber-teaching and learning environment.

  8. On-line and off-line data analysis for the EUSO-TA experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piotrowski, Lech Wiktor, E-mail: lech.piotrowski@riken.jp [RIKEN, Wako (Japan); Casolino, Marco [RIKEN, Wako (Japan); INFN and Univ. Rome Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Conti, Livio [International Telematic University UNINETTUNO, Rome (Italy); Ebisuzaki, Toshikazu [RIKEN, Wako (Japan); Fornaro, Claudio [International Telematic University UNINETTUNO, Rome (Italy); Kawasaki, Yoshiya; Hachisu, Yusuke; Ohmori, Hitoshi [RIKEN, Wako (Japan); De Santis, Cristian [INFN and Univ. Rome Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Shinozaki, Kenji [Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center, University of Tübingen, Sand 6, D-72076 Tübingen (Germany); RIKEN, Wako (Japan); Takizawa, Yoshiyuki; Uehara, Yoshihiro [RIKEN, Wako (Japan)

    2015-02-11

    We show the principles of the communication protocol, on-line calibration, off-line data format as well as basic visualisation and data analysis software implemented for the EUSO-TA on-ground experiment, being the first step towards implementation in a future space based mission. EUSO-TA is an on-ground detector for measuring UV (290–430 nm) light from extensive air showers induced by cosmic rays. It is a prototype experiment for the JEM-EUSO space-borne mission, built according to the same constraints of low mass, low power consumption and thus low computing power. Nevertheless, it needs to process a huge amount of data in short time, taking 2.5μs exposures for 2304 channels. The low processing power and high time resolution require an efficient communication protocol and simple yet powerful algorithms for on-line analysis. The off-line data format is designed for storing a huge amount of data, at the same time allowing easy access, analysis and sharing. Its structure is scalable and adjustable to different experimental designs. It is independent of the data origin, whether it is hardware or a Monte-Carlo simulator. Use of object-oriented techniques and the ROOT framework allows rapid development of dedicated analysis software, such as a Python based quick-view program described herein. Basic capabilities of the software, such as display of the focal surface, light curves and calibration data are shown in this paper.

  9. [The development of acetylene on-line monitoring technology based on laser absorption spectrum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ying; Zhang, Yu-jun; Kan, Rui-feng; Xia, Hui; Wang, Min; Cui, Xiao-juan; Chen, Jiu-ying; Chen, Dong; Liu, Wen-qing; Liu, Jian-guo

    2008-10-01

    As one of the materials in organic chemical industry, acetylene has been used in many aspects of chemical industry. But acetylene is a very dangerous inflammable and explosive gas, so it needs in-situ monitoring during industrial storage and production. Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) technology has been widely used in atmospheric trace gases detection, because it has a lot of advantageous characteristics, such as high sensitivity, good selectivity, and rapid time response. The distribution characteristics of absorption lines of acetylene in near infrared band were studied, and then the system designing scheme of acetylene on-line monitoring based on near infrared tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy technology was discussed in detail. Moreover, the system of experiment measurement was set up and the method of signal detection and the algorithm of concentration inversion were studied. In addition, the sample cell with a path length of 10 cm, and the acetylene of different known concentrations were measured. As a result, the detection limit obtained reached 1.46 cm3 x m(-3). Finally the dynamic detection experiment was carried out, and the measurement result is stable and reliable, so the design of the system is practicable through experiment analysis. On-line acetylene leakage monitoring system was developed based on the experiment, and it is suitable for giving a leakage alarm of acetylene during its storage, transportation and use.

  10. Development of an on-line measuring and monitoring system for fouling based on Delphi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuanyuan; Wang, Jianguo

    2010-12-01

    The presence of fouling reduced the heat transfer capability of heat transfer equipments and increased the flow resistance of the medium. Thus the resulting series of economic losses received worldwide attention of the relevant heat transfer industry and countries. For the heating system fouling, direct measurement is nearly impossible. And it is extremely difficulty of structuring mathematic model. Although there are existing monitoring methods, results are not satisfactory. This paper intends to develop a new on-line measuring and monitoring system for heating system fouling. The operating theory of this on-line measuring and monitoring system is based on the soft-sensor technology and Expert System. We select some easily measurements as primary variables, such as pressures, flow rates and temperatures. Through some algorithms, we obtained dozens of secondary variables, for example, the coefficient of flow resistance, the efficiency and cost of heating system and so on. Based on these variables, we construct the knowledge base of this System. This system mainly uses Delphi and Excel as development tools. Now, the system is running well in some heating station, and has reached the expecting result.

  11. On-line and off-line data analysis for the EUSO-TA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Lech Wiktor; Casolino, Marco; Conti, Livio; Ebisuzaki, Toshikazu; Fornaro, Claudio; Kawasaki, Yoshiya; Hachisu, Yusuke; Ohmori, Hitoshi; De Santis, Cristian; Shinozaki, Kenji; Takizawa, Yoshiyuki; Uehara, Yoshihiro

    2015-02-01

    We show the principles of the communication protocol, on-line calibration, off-line data format as well as basic visualisation and data analysis software implemented for the EUSO-TA on-ground experiment, being the first step towards implementation in a future space based mission. EUSO-TA is an on-ground detector for measuring UV (290-430 nm) light from extensive air showers induced by cosmic rays. It is a prototype experiment for the JEM-EUSO space-borne mission, built according to the same constraints of low mass, low power consumption and thus low computing power. Nevertheless, it needs to process a huge amount of data in short time, taking 2.5 μs exposures for 2304 channels. The low processing power and high time resolution require an efficient communication protocol and simple yet powerful algorithms for on-line analysis. The off-line data format is designed for storing a huge amount of data, at the same time allowing easy access, analysis and sharing. Its structure is scalable and adjustable to different experimental designs. It is independent of the data origin, whether it is hardware or a Monte-Carlo simulator. Use of object-oriented techniques and the ROOT framework allows rapid development of dedicated analysis software, such as a Python based quick-view program described herein. Basic capabilities of the software, such as display of the focal surface, light curves and calibration data are shown in this paper.

  12. On-line grid impedance estimation based on harmonic injection for grid-connected PV inverter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciobotaru, Mihai; Teodorescu, Remus; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents an on-line software method for impedance estimation of the energized impedances such as power system grid. The proposed method is based on producing a perturbation on the output of the power converter that is in the form of periodical injection of one or two voltage harmonic...... two different signal processing algorithms. The DFT technique is used for the single harmonic injection and the statistic technique is used for the double harmonic injection. The grid impedance estimation is used for compliance with the anti-islanding requirements of the German standard (VDE0126...... signals. The single harmonic injection uses a 600 Hz signal and the double harmonic injection uses a 400 Hz and 600 Hz signals, respectively. During the perturbation, the current response(s) at the same frequency as the injected signal(s) is/are measured. The value of the grid impedance is estimated using...

  13. Semi on-line scheduling for maximizing the minimum machine completion time on three uniform machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Run-zi; SUN Shi-jie

    2005-01-01

    The paper investigates a semi on-line scheduling problem wherein the largest processing time of jobs done by three uniform machines M1, M2, M3 is known in advance. A speed si (s1=1, s2=r, s3=s, 1≤r≤s) is associated with machine Mi. Our goal is to maximize Cmin-the minimum workload of the three machines. We present a min3 algorithm and prove its competitive ratio is max {r+ 1,(3s+r+ 1)/(1 +r+s)}, with the lower bound being at least max {2,r}. We also claim the competitive ratio of min3 algorithn cannot be improved and is the best possible for 1≤s≤2, r=1.

  14. On-line evaluating on quality of mild steel joints in resistance spot welding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A method was developed to realize quality evaluation on every weld-spot in resistance spot welding based on information processing of artificial intelligent. Firstly, the signals of welding current and welding voltage, as information source, were synchronously collected. Input power and dynamic resistance were selected as monitoring waveforms. Eight characteristic parameters relating to weld quality were extracted from the monitoring waveforms. Secondly, tensile-shear strength of the spot-welded joint was employed as evaluating target of weld quality. Through correlation analysis between every two parameters of characteristic vector, five characteristic parameters were reasonably selected to found a mapping model of weld quality estimation. At last, the model was realized by means of the algorithms of Radial Basic Function neural network and sample matrixes. The results showed validations by a satisfaction in evaluating weld quality of mild steel joint on-line in spot welding process.

  15. A fast-initializing digital equalizer with on-line tracking for data communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houts, R. C.; Barksdale, W. J.

    1974-01-01

    A theory is developed for a digital equalizer for use in reducing intersymbol interference (ISI) on high speed data communications channels. The equalizer is initialized with a single isolated transmitter pulse, provided the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is not unusually low, then switches to a decision directed, on-line mode of operation that allows tracking of channel variations. Conditions for optimal tap-gain settings are obtained first for a transversal equalizer structure by using a mean squared error (MSE) criterion, a first order gradient algorithm to determine the adjustable equalizer tap-gains, and a sequence of isolated initializing pulses. Since the rate of tap-gain convergence depends on the eigenvalues of a channel output correlation matrix, convergence can be improved by making a linear transformation on to obtain a new correlation matrix.

  16. A method for analyzing on-line video images of crystallization at high-solid concentrations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Wan; Cai Y.Ma; Xue Z.Wang

    2008-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that on-line video imaging is a very promising technique for monitoring crystallization processes. The bottleneck in applying the technique for real-time closed-loop control is considered as image analysis that needs to be robust, fast and able to handle varied image qualities due to temporal variations of operating conditions such as mixing and solid concentrations. Image analysis at high-solid concentrations turns out to be extremely challenging because crystals tend to overlap or attach to each other and the boundaries between the crystals are usually ambiguous. This paper presents an image segmentation algorithm that can effectively deal with images taken at high-solid concentrations. The method segments crystals attached to each other along the mostly related concave points on the contours of crystal blocks. The detailed procedure is introduced with application to crystallization of L-glutamic acid in a hot-stage reactor.

  17. Algorithmic mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Hougardy, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Algorithms play an increasingly important role in nearly all fields of mathematics. This book allows readers to develop basic mathematical abilities, in particular those concerning the design and analysis of algorithms as well as their implementation. It presents not only fundamental algorithms like the sieve of Eratosthenes, the Euclidean algorithm, sorting algorithms, algorithms on graphs, and Gaussian elimination, but also discusses elementary data structures, basic graph theory, and numerical questions. In addition, it provides an introduction to programming and demonstrates in detail how to implement algorithms in C++. This textbook is suitable for students who are new to the subject and covers a basic mathematical lecture course, complementing traditional courses on analysis and linear algebra. Both authors have given this "Algorithmic Mathematics" course at the University of Bonn several times in recent years.

  18. On-line determination of sludge settling velocity for flux-based real-time control of secondary clarifiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynggaard-Jensen, A; Lading, L

    2006-01-01

    The state diagram for operation of secondary clarifiers is used to design a control algorithm for the return sludge pumping and determination of the actual hydraulic capacity of the biological step of a wastewater treatment plant. On-line input for the control algorithm is derived from a sludge volume sensor and a suspended solids sensor in the form of software sensors giving values for the sludge settling characteristics - settling velocity, sludge volume index, initial settling velocity and the exponent in the Vesilind equation - allowing the control to accommodate the ever changing settling characteristics and thereby keep the suspended solids flux in the clarifiers in balance for both dry weather flows and during rain events. The control algorithm has been implemented, tested and set into normal operation on a full scale wastewater treatment plant.

  19. An Iterative Algorithm to Build Chinese Language Models

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, X; Luo, Xiaoqiang; Roukos, Salim

    1996-01-01

    We present an iterative procedure to build a Chinese language model (LM). We segment Chinese text into words based on a word-based Chinese language model. However, the construction of a Chinese LM itself requires word boundaries. To get out of the chicken-and-egg problem, we propose an iterative procedure that alternates two operations: segmenting text into words and building an LM. Starting with an initial segmented corpus and an LM based upon it, we use a Viterbi-liek algorithm to segment another set of data. Then, we build an LM based on the second set and use the resulting LM to segment again the first corpus. The alternating procedure provides a self-organized way for the segmenter to detect automatically unseen words and correct segmentation errors. Our preliminary experiment shows that the alternating procedure not only improves the accuracy of our segmentation, but discovers unseen words surprisingly well. The resulting word-based LM has a perplexity of 188 for a general Chinese corpus.

  20. Fast Algorithm of Multivariable Generalized Predictive Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin,Yuanyu; Pang,Zhonghua; Cui,Hong

    2005-01-01

    To avoid the shortcoming of the traditional (previous)generalized predictive control (GPC) algorithms, too large amounts of computation, a fast algorithm of multivariable generalized predictive control is presented in which only the current control actions are computed exactly on line and the rest (the future control actions) are approximately done off line. The algorithm is simple and can be used in the arbitary-dimension input arbitary-dimension output (ADIADO) linear systems. Because it dose not need solving Diophantine equation and reduces the dimension of the inverse matrix, it decreases largely the computational burden. Finally, simulation results show that the presented algorithm is effective and practicable.

  1. Quantum Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, D.; Williams, C.

    1999-01-01

    This thesis describes several new quantum algorithms. These include a polynomial time algorithm that uses a quantum fast Fourier transform to find eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a Hamiltonian operator, and that can be applied in cases for which all know classical algorithms require exponential time.

  2. Total algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tel, G.

    1993-01-01

    We define the notion of total algorithms for networks of processes. A total algorithm enforces that a "decision" is taken by a subset of the processes, and that participation of all processes is required to reach this decision. Total algorithms are an important building block in the design of distri

  3. Cascaded VLSI neural network architecture for on-line learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Tuan A. (Inventor); Daud, Taher (Inventor); Thakoor, Anilkumar P. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    High-speed, analog, fully-parallel and asynchronous building blocks are cascaded for larger sizes and enhanced resolution. A hardware-compatible algorithm permits hardware-in-the-loop learning despite limited weight resolution. A comparison-intensive feature classification application has been demonstrated with this flexible hardware and new algorithm at high speed. This result indicates that these building block chips can be embedded as application-specific-coprocessors for solving real-world problems at extremely high data rates.

  4. On-line Adaptive Radiation Treatment of Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    optimization method using a Beowulf cluster with a Message Passing Interface. To prepare for clinical implementation, in the second year, we are...optimization. For plan re-optmization, Projection Onto Convex Set (POCS) optimization algorithm was implemented on a multi-node Beowulf cluster using...paralleled the algorithm using message passing interface (MPI) on a Beowulf cluster with 16 processing elements (PE). Speed improvement was benchmarked

  5. Hybrid next-fit algorithm for the two-dimensional rectangle bin-packing problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.B.G. Frenk (Hans); G. Galambos

    1987-01-01

    textabstractWe present a new approximation algorithm for the two-dimensional bin-packing problem. The algorithm is based on two one-dimensional bin-packing algorithms. Since the algorithm is of next-fit type it can also be used for those cases where the output is required to be on-line (e. g. if we

  6. Hybrid next-fit algorithm for the two-dimensional rectangle bin-packing problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.B.G. Frenk (Hans); G. Galambos

    1987-01-01

    textabstractWe present a new approximation algorithm for the two-dimensional bin-packing problem. The algorithm is based on two one-dimensional bin-packing algorithms. Since the algorithm is of next-fit type it can also be used for those cases where the output is required to be on-line (e. g. if we

  7. On-line yields obtained with the ISOLDE RILIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koester, U. E-mail: ulli.koster@cern.ch; Fedoseyev, V.N.; Andreyev, A.N.; Bergmann, U.C.; Catherall, R.; Cederkaell, J.; Dietrich, M.; De Witte, H.; Fedorov, D.V.; Fraile, L.; Franchoo, S.; Fynbo, H.; Georg, U.; Giles, T.; Gorska, M.; Hannawald, M.; Huyse, M.; Joinet, A.; Jonsson, O.C.; Kratz, K.L.; Kruglov, K.; Lau, Ch.; Lettry, J.; Mishin, V.I.; Oinonen, M.; Partes, K.; Peraejaervi, K.; Pfeiffer, B.; Ravn, H.L.; Seliverstov, M.D.; Thirolf, P.; Van de Vel, K.; Van Duppen, P.; Van Roosbroeck, J.; Weissman, L

    2003-05-01

    The ISOLDE resonance ionization laser ion source (RILIS) allows to ionize efficiently and selectively many metallic elements. In recent yield surveys and on-line experiments with the ISOLDE RILIS we observed {sup 23-34}Mg, {sup 26-34}Al, {sup 98-132}Cd, {sup 149}Tb, {sup 155-177}Yb, {sup 179-200}Tl, {sup 183-215}Pb and {sup 188-218}Bi. The obtained yields are presented together with measured release parameters which allow to extrapolate the release efficiency towards more exotic (short-lived) nuclides of the same elements.

  8. Integrated sensor array for on-line monitoring micro bioreactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krommenhoek, Erik Eduard

    2007-01-01

    In this thesis the development of a microbioreactor array with integrated sensoss suitable for on-line screening of micro organisms is described. Therefore, an array of 2 micro bioreactors compatible with the 96-well microtiterplate format has been made and tested. The developed system was shown to 

  9. TELCAL: The On-line Calibration Software for ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broguière, D.; Lucas, R.; Pardo, J.; Roche, J.-C.

    2011-07-01

    The ALMA on-line calibration regroups all the operations needed to maintain the ALMA interferometer optimally tuned to successfully execute the planned observations. The results of the calibrations are used in quasi-real time by the ALMA Control System. Since the first ALMA antennas were put into operation in 2009, TELCAL has been used for all the basic calibration operations and is still being improved following the project advancement. We describe here the calibrations done by TELCAL, its relationships with the other ALMA software subsystems and, briefly, the architecture of the software based on CORBA.

  10. Molecularly imprinted polymers for on-line extraction techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moein, Mohammad M; Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have seen an increasing interest in the use of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as a sorbent for different extraction methods and this is due to its high selectivity. The MIP is designed to show specificity for the analyte of interest. Moreover, MIPs show physical robustness, resistance to high temperatures and pressures, and stability in the presence of acids, bases and a wide range of organic solvents. In the present article, various novel sample preparation techniques which MIPs applied as sorbent and on-line connected with analytical instruments were highlighted and discussed. The future aspects of MIPs as well were described.

  11. Enhancing Learner Autonomy in an On-line Editing Programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebe Wong

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Little (1999 argues that in formal educational contexts, “the basis of learner autonomy is acceptance of responsibility for one’s own learning” (p.11. An autonomous learner takes responsibility for various aspects of learning (Benson & Voller, 1997; Holec, 1981. This study examines how learner autonomy opportunities were provided at various stages of writing in an on-line editing programme for a group of electronic engineering students and how the students took charge of their language learning when receiving feedback on their technical writing. The impact on their own learning effectiveness of the decisions students made is also discussed.

  12. On-line Adaptive Radiation Treatment of Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    volume (GTV), mandible, rainstem, parotids , and lymph nodes. Another physician repeated he contouring on all planning and on-line images...computed entation. Note the consistency of delineation of gross olume; light blue, nodes; purple, parotid glands; green,k com ostregicomp urs on e...0.9 1.0 Mandible D S C in de x Patient # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 Left Parotid D S C in de x Patient # Fig. 6. Dice similarity

  13. On-line Measurements of Settling Charateristics in Activated Sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Larsen, Torben

    1997-01-01

    An on-line settling column for measuring the dynamic variations of settling velocity of activated sludge has been developed. The settling column is automatic and self-cleansing insuring continuous and reliable measurements. The settling column was tested on sludge from a batch reactor where sucrose...... was added as an impulse to activated sludge. The continuous measurement of settling velocity revealed a highly dynamic response after the sucrose was added. The result were verified with simultaneous measurement of the initial settling rate. A 200 hour experiment showed variations in settling velocity...

  14. On-line Monitoring and Active Control for Transformer Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jiabi; Zhao, Tong; Tian, Chun; Wang, Xia; He, Zhenhua; Duan, Lunfeng

    This paper introduces the system for on-line monitoring and active noise control towards the transformer noise based on LabVIEW and the hardware equipment including the hardware and software. For the hardware part, it is mainly focused on the composition and the role of hardware devices, as well as the mounting location in the active noise control experiment. And the software part introduces the software flow chats, the measurement and analysis module for the sound pressure level including A, B, C weighting methods, the 1/n octave spectrum and the power spectrum, active noise control module and noise data access module.

  15. Efficient and Secure Comparison for On-Line Auctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Krøigaard, Mikkel; Geisler, Martin Joakim

    2007-01-01

    We propose a protocol for secure comparison of integers based on homomorphic encryption. We also propose a homomorphic encryption scheme that can be used in our protocol and makes it more efficient than previous solutions. Our protocol is well-suited for application in on-line auctions, both...... with respect to functionality and performance. It minimizes the amount of information bidders need to send, and for comparison of 16 bit numbers with security based on 1024 bit RSA (executed by two parties), our implementation takes 0.28 seconds including all computation and communication. Using precomputation...

  16. Robust Control Methods for On-Line Statistical Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capobianco Enrico

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of controlling that data processing in an experiment results not affected by the presence of outliers is relevant for statistical control and learning studies. Learning schemes should thus be tested for their capacity of handling outliers in the observed training set so to achieve reliable estimates with respect to the crucial bias and variance aspects. We describe possible ways of endowing neural networks with statistically robust properties by defining feasible error criteria. It is convenient to cast neural nets in state space representations and apply both Kalman filter and stochastic approximation procedures in order to suggest statistically robustified solutions for on-line learning.

  17. On-line matrix addition for detecting aerosol particles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU; Liuzhu; ZHU; Yuan; GUO; Xiaoyong; ZHAO; Wenwu; ZHENG; Haiyang; Gu; Xuejun; FANG; Li; ZHANG; Weijun

    2006-01-01

    Single aerosol particles were measured by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) with an aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS). The inlet to the ATOFMS was coupled with an evaporation/condensation flow cell that allowed matrix addition by condensation onto the particles. The coated particles entered the ion source through three-stage differentially pumped capillary inlet and were then ionized by a focused 266 nm Nd:YAG laser. The mass spectra and aerodynamic size of the single particles can be obtained simultaneously. The on-line matrix addition technique makes it possible to identify biological aerosols in real-time.

  18. On-line forecasting model for zinc output based on self-tuning support vector regression and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志坤; 桂卫华; 彭小奇

    2004-01-01

    An on-line forecasting model based on self-tuning support vectors regression for zinc output was put forward to maximize zinc output by adjusting operational parameters in the process of imperial smelting furnace. In this model, the mathematical model of support vector regression was converted into the same format as support vector machine for classification. Then a simplified sequential minimal optimization for classification was applied to train the regression coefficient vector α- α* and threshold b. Sequentially penalty parameter C was tuned dynamically through forecasting result during the training process. Finally, an on-line forecasting algorithm for zinc output was proposed. The simulation result shows that in spite of a relatively small industrial data set, the effective error is less than 10% with a remarkable performance of real time. The model was applied to the optimization operation and fault diagnosis system for imperial smelting furnace.

  19. FPGA Implementation of a High-performance Viterbi Decoder in OFDM Baseband System%OFDM基带系统接收器中高性能Viterbi译码器的FPGA实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军; 钟东波

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents one new structure of high-performance Viterbi decoder applied in OFDM baseband system.The decoder uses full-parallel structure to improve speed, adopts l_norm to replace Euclidean distance as soft decision distance to save hardware cost, employs a modified method of path metric normalization efficiently to solve the overflow of PMU, and applies a blocked cyclic memory trace-back scheme to reducing the delay of decoding. The decoder is designed in Verilog language. Simulations show that the modified decoder can achieve a higher speed of decoding with lower hardware cost, which completely meets the technical requirements of IEEE 802.1 la and has higher practical value.%提出了一种应用于OFDM基带系统的高速Viterbi译码器的新结构,该译码器采用全并行结构以提高速度,采用矢量差的"1范数"代替欧氏距离作为软判决译码距离以减小硬件开销,以一种改进的归一化管理高效的解决了PMU单元的数据溢出问题,采用一种分块循环回溯算法以减少延时,并用Verilog语言具体实现.实验表明在该译码器以较少的资源实现了较快的速度,完全满足IEEE802.11a的协议标准,具有较高的实用价值.

  20. Polar On-Line Acquisition Relay and Transmission System (POLARATS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuracko, K.

    2004-07-15

    POLARATS (Polar On-Line Acquisition Relay And Transmission System) is being developed by YAHSGS LLC (YAHSGS) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide remote, unattended monitoring of environmental parameters under harsh environmental conditions. In particular, instrumental design and engineering is oriented towards protection of human health in the Arctic, and with the additional goal of advancing Arctic education and research. POLARATS will obtain and transmit environmental data from hardened monitoring devices deployed in locations important to understanding atmospheric and aquatic pollutant migration as it is biomagnified in Arctic food chains. An Internet- and personal computer (PC)-based educational module will provide real time sensor data, on-line educational content, and will be integrated with workbooks and textbooks for use in middle and high school science programs. The educational elements of POLARATS include an Internet-based educational module that will instruct students in the use of the data and how those data fit into changing Arctic environments and food chains. POLARATS will: (1) Enable students, members of the community, and scientific researchers to monitor local environmental conditions in real time over the Internet; and (2) Provide additional educational benefits through integration with middle- and high-school science curricula. Information will be relayed from POLARATS devices to classrooms and libraries along with custom-designed POLARATS teaching materials that will be integrated into existing curricula to enhance the educational benefits realized from the information obtained.

  1. Increased Cortical Thickness in Professional On-Line Gamers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Gi Jung; Shin, Yong Wook; Kim, Bung-Nyun; Cheong, Jae Hoon; Jin, Seong Nam

    2013-01-01

    Objective The bulk of recent studies have tested whether video games change the brain in terms of activity and cortical volume. However, such studies are limited by several factors including cross-sectional comparisons, co-morbidity, and short-term follow-up periods. In the present study, we hypothesized that cognitive flexibility and the volume of brain cortex would be correlated with the career length of on-line pro-gamers. Methods High-resolution magnetic resonance scans were acquired in twenty-three pro-gamers recruited from StarCraft pro-game teams. We measured cortical thickness in each individual using FreeSurfer and the cortical thickness was correlated with the career length and the performance of the pro-gamers. Results Career length was positively correlated with cortical thickness in three brain regions: right superior frontal gyrus, right superior parietal gyrus, and right precentral gyrus. Additionally, increased cortical thickness in the prefrontal cortex was correlated with winning rates of the pro-game league. Increased cortical thickness in the prefrontal and parietal cortices was also associated with higher performance of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Conclusion Our results suggest that in individuals without pathologic conditions, regular, long-term playing of on-line games is associated with volume changes in the prefrontal and parietal cortices, which are associated with cognitive flexibility. PMID:24474988

  2. On-Line Core Thermal-Hydraulic Model Improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    In, Wang Kee; Chun, Tae Hyun; Oh, Dong Seok; Shin, Chang Hwan; Hwang, Dae Hyun; Seo, Kyung Won

    2007-02-15

    The objective of this project is to implement a fast-running 4-channel based code CETOP-D in an advanced reactor core protection calculator system(RCOPS). The part required for the on-line calculation of DNBR were extracted from the source of the CETOP-D code based on analysis of the CETOP-D code. The CETOP-D code was revised to maintain the input and output variables which are the same as in CPC DNBR module. Since the DNBR module performs a complex calculation, it is divided into sub-modules per major calculation step. The functional design requirements for the DNBR module is documented and the values of the database(DB) constants were decided. This project also developed a Fortran module(BEST) of the RCOPS Fortran Simulator and a computer code RCOPS-SDNBR to independently calculate DNBR. A test was also conducted to verify the functional design and DB of thermal-hydraulic model which is necessary to calculate the DNBR on-line in RCOPS. The DNBR margin is expected to increase by 2%-3% once the CETOP-D code is used to calculate the RCOPS DNBR. It should be noted that the final DNBR margin improvement could be determined in the future based on overall uncertainty analysis of the RCOPS.

  3. The Leuven isotope separator on-line laser ion source

    CERN Document Server

    Kudryavtsev, Y; Franchoo, S; Huyse, M; Gentens, J; Kruglov, K; Müller, W F; Prasad, N V S; Raabe, R; Reusen, I; Van den Bergh, P; Van Duppen, P; Van Roosbroeck, J; Vermeeren, L; Weissman, L

    2002-01-01

    An element-selective laser ion source has been used to produce beams of exotic radioactive nuclei and to study their decay properties. The operational principle of the ion source is based on selective resonant laser ionization of nuclear reaction products thermalized and neutralized in a noble gas at high pressure. The ion source has been installed at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL), which is coupled on-line to the cyclotron accelerator at Louvain-la-Neuve. sup 5 sup 4 sup , sup 5 sup 5 Ni and sup 5 sup 4 sup , sup 5 sup 5 Co isotopes were produced in light-ion-induced fusion reactions. Exotic nickel, cobalt and copper nuclei were produced in proton-induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U. The b decay of the sup 6 sup 8 sup - sup 7 sup 4 Ni, sup 6 sup 7 sup - sup 7 sup 0 Co, sup 7 sup 0 sup - sup 7 sup 5 Cu and sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 sup - sup 1 sup 1 sup 4 Rh isotopes has been studied by means of beta-gamma and gamma-gamma spectroscopy. Recently, the laser ion source has been used to produce neutron-d...

  4. Increased cortical thickness in professional on-line gamers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Gi Jung; Shin, Yong Wook; Kim, Bung-Nyun; Cheong, Jae Hoon; Jin, Seong Nam; Han, Doug Hyun

    2013-12-01

    The bulk of recent studies have tested whether video games change the brain in terms of activity and cortical volume. However, such studies are limited by several factors including cross-sectional comparisons, co-morbidity, and short-term follow-up periods. In the present study, we hypothesized that cognitive flexibility and the volume of brain cortex would be correlated with the career length of on-line pro-gamers. High-resolution magnetic resonance scans were acquired in twenty-three pro-gamers recruited from StarCraft pro-game teams. We measured cortical thickness in each individual using FreeSurfer and the cortical thickness was correlated with the career length and the performance of the pro-gamers. CAREER LENGTH WAS POSITIVELY CORRELATED WITH CORTICAL THICKNESS IN THREE BRAIN REGIONS: right superior frontal gyrus, right superior parietal gyrus, and right precentral gyrus. Additionally, increased cortical thickness in the prefrontal cortex was correlated with winning rates of the pro-game league. Increased cortical thickness in the prefrontal and parietal cortices was also associated with higher performance of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Our results suggest that in individuals without pathologic conditions, regular, long-term playing of on-line games is associated with volume changes in the prefrontal and parietal cortices, which are associated with cognitive flexibility.

  5. Precise On-line Position Measurement for Particle Therapy

    CERN Document Server

    Actis, O; König, S

    2014-01-01

    An on-line beam position monitoring and regular beam stability tests are of utmost importance for the Quality Assurance (QA) of the patient treatment at any particle therapy facility. The Gantry${0.5 mm}2$ at the Paul Scherrer Institute uses a strip ionization chamber for the on-line beam position verification. The design of the strip chamber placed in the beam in front of the patient allows for a small beam penumbra in order to achieve a high-quality lateral beam delivery. The detector granularity and the low noise allow the reconstruction of the signals offered by Gantry${0.5 mm}2$ with a precision of about 0.1 mm. The frond-end electronics and the whole data processing sequence have been optimized for minimizing the dead time between the beam applications to about 2 ms: the charge collection is performed in about 1 ms, read-out takes place in 100 $\\mu$s while data verification and logging are completed in less than 1 ms. The sub-millimeter precision of the lateral reconstruction allows the dose inhomogenei...

  6. Fully On-line Introductory Physics with a Lab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatz, Michael

    We describe the development and implementation of a college-level introductory physics (mechanics) course and laboratory that is suited for both on-campus and on-line environments. The course emphasizes a ``Your World is Your Lab'' approach whereby students first examine and capture on video (using cellphones) motion in their immediate surroundings, and then use free, open-source software both to extract data from the video and to apply physics principles to build models that describe, predict, and visualize the observations. Each student reports findings by creating a video lab report and posting it online; these video lab reports are then distributed to the rest of the class for peer review. In this talk, we will discuss the student and instructor experiences in courses offered to three distinct audiences in different venues: (1) a Massively Open On-line Course (MOOC) for off-campus participants, (2) a flipped/blended course for on-campus students, and, most recently, (3) a fully-online course for off-campus students.

  7. 一维串行校验-卷积级联码的改进迭代维特比译码%Improved Iterative Viterbi Algorithm of One-dimensional Serial Parity-convolution Concatenated Code

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨旸; 白传芳; 程云鹏

    2007-01-01

    文中研究了一维串行校验-卷积级联码(1D SPCCC)及其译码的迭代维特比算法(IVA),提出了改进的IVA,并做了大量的仿真实验,结果表明这种改进的IVA能够在基本不增加计算量和不降低收敛速度的基础上,使1D SPCCC的译码性能得到较为明显的改善.

  8. Quality control agent: Self-adaptive laser vibrometry for on-line diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, S.; Paone, N.; Castellini, P.

    2012-06-01

    It is presented the development of a self-adaptive diagnostic system based on laser vibrometry for production line quality control. The vibration measurement system consists of a laser Doppler vibrometer, equipped with scanning mirrors and a smart camera, which implements self-adaptivity for compensating target mis-positioning under guidance by a vision system and for the achievement of the best condition for measurement by optimizing the Doppler signal level. This system is designed as a Quality Control Agent (QCA) and it is part of a Multi Agent System (MAS) that supervises all the production line. The QCA behavior is defined so to perform a minimization of measurement uncertainty during the on line tests; for this purpose the QCA exhibits a self-adaptive behavior. Best measurement conditions are defined in terms of amplitude of the optical Doppler beat signal (signal quality - SQ). In this paper, the optimization strategy for measurement enhancement achieved by the down-hill algorithm (Nelder-Mead algorithm) and its effect on signal quality improvement is discussed. Tests on a washing machine in controlled operating conditions allow to evaluate the efficacy of the method; significant reduction of noise on vibration velocity spectra is observed.

  9. On line photochemically induced excitation-emission-kinetic four-way data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez Giron, A.; Duran-Meras, I.; Espinosa-Mansilla, A. [Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz (Spain); Munoz de la Pena, A. [Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz (Spain)], E-mail: arsenio@unex.es; Canada Canada, F. [Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz (Spain); Olivieri, A.C. [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquimicas y Farmaceuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Instituto de Quimica de Rosario (CONICET), Suipacha 531, S2002LRK Rosario (Argentina)

    2008-08-01

    The determination of folic acid and its two main serum metabolites, 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid and tetrahydrofolic acid, has been accomplished using four-way data modelled by the third-order multivariate calibration methods unfolded and N-dimensional partial least-squares (U-PLS and N-PLS), in combination with the separate procedure known as residual trilinearization (RTL). The four-way data were acquired by following the photochemical reaction of these compounds by on line irradiation with a UV lamp. The excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) were recorded as a function of the irradiation time, using a fast scanning spectrofluorimeter. The method achieves selectivity from the different rates at which the corresponding photoproducts of the folic acid derivatives are formed and degraded. Several N-dimensional chemometric algorithms were used and the method was applied to the determination of these compounds in serum samples. The best algorithms to perform the multivariate calibration were U-PLS and N-PLS in combination with the separate residual trilinearization procedure, achieving the second-order advantage. The approach allows minimizing or eliminating traditionally time-consuming sample pre-treatments and can facilitate quantifying an analyte in its native environment.

  10. On-line analysis of eye movements using a digital computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baloh, R W; Langhofer, L; Honrubia, V; Yee, R D

    1980-06-01

    We describe a microcomputer system for on-line analysis of eye movement recordings. Quantitative data from the patient and statistical comparison with normative data is available within seconds of test completion. Three types of eye movements are analyzed--voluntary saccades, smooth pursuit, and nystagmus. The first two are induced by a computer-controlled laser dot projected onto a screen and the third by a computer-controlled optokinetic drum, caloric infusion, and rotatory chair. The computer algorithm differentiates the eye position signal to yield an instantaneous eye velocity record. Saccades are identified based on their characteristic velocity profile. For pursuit and nystagmus. The first two are induced by a computer-controlled laser dot projected onto a screen and the third by a computer-controlled optokinetic drum, caloric infusion, and rotatory chair. The computer algorithm differentiates the eye position signal to yield an instaneous eye velocity record. Saccades are identified based on their characteristic velocity profile. For pursuit and nystagmus, the velocity record is modified by linearly interpolating across segments in which saccades occurred. The gain (output eye velocity/input eye velocity) is calculated after Fourier analysis of the data.

  11. On-line digital holographic measurement of size and shape of microparticles for crystallization processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanam, Taslima; Darakis, Emmanouil; Rajendran, Arvind; Kariwala, Vinay; Asundi, Anand K.; Naughton, Thomas J.

    2008-09-01

    Crystallization is a widely used chemical process that finds applications in pharmaceutical industries. In an industrial crystallization process, it is not only important to produce pure crystals but also to control the shape and size of the crystals, as they affect the efficiency of downstream processes and the dissolution property of the drug. The effectiveness of control algorithms depend on the availability of on-line, real-time information about these critical properties. In this paper, we investigate the use of lens-less in-line digital holographic microscopy for size and shape measurements for crystallization processes. For this purpose, we use non-crystalline spherical microparticles and carbon fibers with known sizes present in a liquid suspension as test systems. We propose an algorithm to extract size and shape information for a population of microparticles from the experimentally recorded digital holograms. The measurements obtained from the proposed method show good agreement with the corresponding known size and shape of the particles.

  12. FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement, an on-line research and education information service

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodman, J.A.

    1992-01-01

    The FEDIX Annual Status Report provides details regarding an on-line information project designed, developed and implemented by Federal Information Exchange, Inc., a diversified information services company. This document details the project design activities, summarizes the developmental phases of the project and describes the implementation activities generated to fulfill the project's objectives. The information contained in this document illustrates FIE's continuing commitment to serve as the link that facilitates the dissemination of federal information to the education community. This report reviews the project accomplishments and describes intended service enhancements.

  13. On-Line Trajectory Optimization for Autonomous Air Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-31

    equations of motion to handle cooperative path planning for multi-vehicles. • Application of genetic algorithms (GA) to solve multiple initial...1 17 1 165 sinsincos D vDD D uDDD Kg yy y xyy ψ λ ψψ λλ& (2.24) where 32 3 11 AAD = (2.25) 322 AfVfD −= (2.26) y yx ffBVAfffVABAVAD...value was needed, a variable step sweep was employed to find it. Otherwise the GA was used[26-28]. To begin the genetic algorithm, a set of 48

  14. An Improved AC-BM Algorithm for Monitoring Watch List

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mo Yiwen

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available With the expanding of database of the watch list of anti-money laundering, improving the speed in matching between the watch list and the database of account holders and clients’ transaction is especially important. This paper proposes an improved AC-BM Algorithm, a matching algorithm of subsection, to improve the speed of matching. Experiment results show the time performance of the improved algorithm is better than traditional BM algorithm, AC algorithm and the AC-BM algorithm. It can improve the efficiency of on-line monitoring of anti-money laundering.  

  15. Semi On-line Scheduling Problem for Maximizing the Minimum Machine Completion Time on m Identical Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗润梓; 孙世杰

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, a semi on-line version on m identical machines M1 , M2, …, Mm ( m ≥ 3 ) was considered, where the processing time of the largest job is known in advance. Our goal is to maximize the minimum machine load, an NPLS algorithm was presented and its worst-case ratio was proved to be equal to m - 1 which is the best possible value. It is concluded that if the total processing time of jobs is also known to be greater than (2 m - 1 )Pmax where pmax is the largest job's processing time, then the worstcase ratio is 2 - 1/m.

  16. Configuration Database for BaBar On-line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salnikov, Andrei

    2003-05-27

    The configuration database is one of the vital systems in the BaBar on-line system. It provides services for the different parts of the data acquisition system and control system, which require run-time parameters. The original design and implementation of the configuration database played a significant role in the successful BaBar operations since the beginning of experiment. Recent additions to the design of the configuration database provide better means for the management of data and add new tools to simplify main configuration tasks. We describe the design of the configuration database, its implementation with the Objectivity/DB object-oriented database, and our experience collected during the years of operation.

  17. On-line corrosion monitoring in district heating systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richter, Sonja; Thorarinsdottir, R.I.; Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel

    2004-01-01

    Traditionally corrosion monitoring in district heating systems has been performed offline via weight loss coupons. These measurements give information about the past and not the present situation and require long exposure time (weeks or months). The good quality of district heating medium makes...... corrosion monitoring a challenge. Under normal conditions the pH is high (app. 9), conductivity is low (app. 10-200 µS/cm) and the concentration of dissolved oxygen is negligible. The low corrosion rates (in the order of µm/y) are difficult to measure and furthermore, factors such as hydrogen sulphide......), Electrochemical Noise (EN) and Zero Resistance Ammetry (ZRA). Electrochemical Resistance (ER) has also been used to measure corrosion. The method traditionally only measures corrosion off-line but with newly developed high-sensitive ER technique developed by MetriCorr in Denmark, on-line monitoring is possible...

  18. The Task Manager for the LHCb On-Line Farm

    CERN Document Server

    Bonifazi, F; Carbone, A; Galli, D; Gregori, D; Marconi, U; Peco, G; Vagnoni, V

    2004-01-01

    The Task Manager is a utility to start, stop and list processes on the on-line farm. Each process started by the Task Manager has a string environment variable set, named UTGID (User defined unique Thread Group Identifier) which allows to identify the process. The Task Manager uses the UTGID to list the running processes and to identify the processes to be stopped. It has also the ability to start a process using a particular user name and to set the scheduler type and the priority for the process itself. The Task Manager package includes a Linux DIM server (tmSrv), four Linux command line DIM clients (tmStart, tmLs, tmKill and tmStop) and a JCOP (Joint Control Project) PVSS client.

  19. On-line Test for Train Communication Based System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Xiaoqing; Masayuki Matsumoto; Kinji Mori; XU Fucang

    2002-01-01

    This paper gives out a new train automatic control system, which is based on train communication, and proposes a high assurance method to construct the system from current system. In current automatic train control (ATC) system, the central logic device detects position of each train and calculates permissible speed of each blocking section. Therefore, the central logic device controls speed of all trains. On the contrary, in the new system proposed in this paper, there is no central logical device and, train can communicate each other. The train detects the position and calculates the permissible speed itself according to the received position information of the preceding train. In the traditional method of changing an old system to a new one, test must be done off-line.While the integration technique proposed in this paper achieves on-line properties, and high assurance can be satisfied.

  20. An on-line method in studying music parsing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berent, I; Perfetti, C A

    1993-03-01

    Listening to music entails the construction of a mental representation based on partial and ambiguous information. This study examines an experimental method that reflects such parsing decisions on-line by detecting the cognitive load resulting from temporary parsing failures. The method investigated was a divided attention paradigm in which listening to music was the primary task and click detection was a concurrent secondary task. It was hypothesized that increasing the complexity of the primary task by introducing an unprepared chromatic modulation results in an increase in response latencies to a click presented immediately after the modulatory shift. The support of this prediction by musicians' data provides evidence for the sensitivity of the paradigm. The failure of non-musicians to reflect the expected load is attributed to their attention-allocation strategy. These results are discussed in terms of their implications on the view of the musical parser as deterministic.

  1. The Monitor System for the LHCb on-line farm

    CERN Document Server

    Bonifazi, F; Carbone, A; Galli, D; Gregori, D; Marconi, U; Peco, G; Vagnoni, V

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the LHCb on-line farm Monitor System is to keep under control all the working indicators which are relevant for the farm operation, and to set the appropriate alarms whenever an error or a critical condition comes up. Since the most stressing tasks of the farm are the data transfer and processing, relevant indicators includes the CPU and the memory load of the system, the network interface and the TCP/IP stack parameters, the rates of the interrupts raised by the network interface card and the detailed status of the running processes. The monitoring of computers’ physical conditions (temperatures, fan speeds and motherboard voltages) are the subject of a separate technical note, since they are accessed in a different way, by using the IPMI protocol.

  2. The Message Logger for the LHCb on-line farm

    CERN Document Server

    Bonifazi, F; Carbone, A; Galli, D; Gregori, D; Marconi, U; Peco, G; Vagnoni, V

    2005-01-01

    The Message Logger is a utility which provide a logger facility for the processes running on the nodes of the on-line farm. It can also be used to collect the processes stdout/stderr. The Message Logger can be exploited using two different policies: either as a no-drop logger facility (messages cannot be lost, but a write to the logger facility blocks in case of full-buffer condition, due e.g. to a network congestion) or as a congestion-proof logger facility (a write to the logger facility never locks even in case of network congestion, but, in this case, messages are dropped). The Message Logger package includes a Linux DIM server (logSrv), a Linux terminal/command-line DIM client (logViewer) and a PVSS DIM client.

  3. A versatile apparatus for on-line emission channeling experiments

    CERN Document Server

    da Silva, Manuel Ribeiro; Correia, João Guilherme; Amorim, Lígia Marina; Pereira, Lino Miguel da Costa

    2013-01-01

    The concept and functionality of an apparatus dedicated to emission channeling experiments using short-lived isotopes on-line at ISOLDE/CERN is described. The setup is assembled in two functional blocks - (a) base stand including beam collimation, implantation and measurement chamber, cryogenic extension, and vacuum control system and - (b) Panmure goniometer extension including maneuvering cradle and sample heating furnace. This setup allows for in situ implantation and sample analysis in the as-implanted state and upon cooling down to 50 K and during annealing up to 1200 K. The functionality of the setup will be illustrated with the example of establishing the lattice location of $^{56}$Mn probes implanted into GaAs.

  4. On-line control of the nonlinear dynamics for synchrotrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bengtsson, J.; Martin, I. P. S.; Rowland, J. H.; Bartolini, R.

    2015-07-01

    We propose a simple approach to the on-line control of the nonlinear dynamics in storage rings, based on compensation of the nonlinear resonance driving terms using beam losses as the main indicator of the strength of a resonance. The correction scheme is built on the analysis of the resonance driving terms in first perturbative order and on the possibility of using independent power supplies in the sextupole magnets, which is nowadays present in many synchrotron light sources. Such freedom allows the definition of "smart sextupole knobs" attacking each resonance separately. The compensation scheme has been tested at the Diamond light source and proved to be effective in opening up the betatron tune space, resonance free, available to the electron beam and to improve the beam lifetime.

  5. BCal: an on-line Bayesian radiocarbon calibration tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caitlin E. Buck

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe newly launched software for on-line Bayesian calibration of archaeological radiocarbon determinations. The software is known as BCal and we invite members of the world-wide archaeological research community to use it should they so wish. All that is required to gain access to the software is a computer connected to the Internet with a modern World-wide Web browser (of the sort you are probably using to read this. BCal does not require access to any additional 'Plug-ins' on your machine. Since the computations needed to obtain the calibrations are undertaken on the BCal server, if you have enough computer power to run your World-wide Web browser you have enough power to use BCal.

  6. Parity Codes Used for On-Line Testing in FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Kubalík

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with on-line error detection in digital circuits implemented in FPGAs. Error detection codes have been used to ensure the self-checking property. The adopted fault model is discussed. A fault in a given combinational circuit must be detected and signalized at the time of its appearance and before further distribution of errors. Hence safe operation of the designed system is guaranteed. The check bits generator and the checker were added to the original combinational circuit to detect an error during normal circuit operation. This concurrent error detection ensures the Totally Self-Checking property. Combinational circuit benchmarks have been used in this work in order to compute the quality of the proposed codes. The description of the benchmarks is based on equations and tables. All of our experimental results are obtained by XILINX FPGA implementation EDA tools. A possible TSC structure consisting of several TSC blocks is presented. 

  7. On-line alkali detector based on surface ionization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsson, J.G.; Loenn, B.; Jaeglid, B.; Engvall, K.; Pettersson, J.B.C. [Chalmers University of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Physical Chemistry GU

    1998-12-31

    This project adapts a new on-line alkali measurement technique to coal and biomass combustion and gasification. Alkali metal atoms are known to easily ionize in contact with hot metal surfaces, and the instrument is based on this principle called surface ionization (SI). The primary parts of the detector are a platinum filament and an ion collector. The platinum filament is supported between two electrodes and heated to the temperature for alkali vaporization in ionic form. The ion collector is situated close to the filament. The measured current is proportional to the arrival rate of alkali atoms onto the filament. Laboratory tests were performed on detector sensitivity, detection limit, and time response. Similar sensitivity to both sodium and potassium regardless of molecular form was found. The time response of the detector is determined to be approximately 1 ms enabling it to monitor fast concentration changes in flue gas. Particles with a size below 5 nm melt completely on the hot platinum surface and give similar signals. For larger particles, the ionization efficiency is not 100% and depends on the type of salt. This problem can be overcome with an alternative filament configuration. The detector function was tested in a laboratory high pressure furnace using different fuel samples, atmospheres, and pressures. Alkali release from coal in general is lower than for biomass samples, rate constants and activation energies for alkali release were determined. Measurements were carried out in a biomass pyrolysis apparatus and a gasification pilot plant. The detector function was not influenced by a high concentration of hydrocarbons in the gas phase, and the measurements confirmed detector function in a hostile environment. The detector performed well in laboratory tests, and is a strong candidate for further development into a standard on-line monitor of alkali species in hot flue gas. 10 refs., 16 figs.

  8. Review of Worcestershire On-line Fabric Type Series website

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beverley Nenk

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of archaeological ceramics is advanced through the creation and development of regional and national pottery type-series, which contain samples of each type of pottery identified from a particular area or region. Pottery researchers working in any period, from prehistoric to post-medieval, require access to such type-series, and to their associated data, in order to be able to advance the identification of all types of pottery, not only those types produced in the local area, but those produced in surrounding regions, as well as those imported from abroad. The publication of such type-series, as well as their accessibility to researchers, is essential if the information they contain is to be disseminated. The development of the Worcestershire On-Line Fabric Type Series is the first stage in a remarkable project designed to make the complete fabric and form type series for Worcestershire ceramics accessible on the internet. As part of the Historic Environment Record for Worcestershire, formerly the Sites and Monuments Record, it is designed to improve access to finds and environmental data, with the aim of encouraging and facilitating research. Funded by Worcestershire County Council as part of its commitment to e-government, it is being developed by Worcestershire County Council Archaeology Service with OxfordArchDigital. It is one of a proposed series of on-line specialist resources (to include, for example, clay pipes, environmental archaeology, flint tools, historic buildings, which are also designed to stand alone as research tools. The ceramics website is the first part of Pottery in Perspective, a web-based project to provide information on the pottery used and made in Worcestershire from prehistory to c. 1900AD.

  9. Improvement of multi-machine power system stability with variable series capacitor using on-line learning neural network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senjyu, Tomonobu; Yamane, Shotaro; Morishima, Yoshiteru; Uezato, Katsumi [Univ. of the Ryukyus, Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Nakagami, Okinawa (Japan); Fujita, Hideki [Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Midori-ku, Nagoya (Japan)

    2003-06-01

    This paper presents an adaptive control technique for the variable series capacitor using a recurrent neural network (RNN). Since, the parameters of the controller are determined by Genetic Algorithm (GA), which is one of the optimization algorithms, they are optimum only for that operating point and it is not possible to obtain good control performance against variations in the operating and fault point. The adaptive controller proposed in this paper consists of an optimum controller using GA and an RNN. As the RNN was on-line training, robust control performance can be achieved for various operating conditions. The effectiveness of this control method is demonstrated by considering simulation of a multi-machine power system. (Author)

  10. Determination of anions with an on-line capillary electrophoresis method; Anionien on-line maeaeritys kapillaarielektroforeesilla - MPKT 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siren, H.; Saerme, T.; Kotiaho, T.; Hiissa, T.; Savolahti, P.; Komppa, V. [VTT Chemical Technology, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    The aim of the study was to set-up an on-line capillary electrophoresis method for determination of anions in process waters of pulp and paper industry with exporting the results to the process control system of the mill. The quantification is important, since it will give information about the possible causes of precipitation. In recent years, the capillary electrophoresis (CE) due to its high separation efficiency has been shown as a method to take into consideration when analyzing chemical species ranging from small inorganic anions to different macromolecules. Many compounds are not easily detected in their native state, why analysis methods must be developed to improve their detection. Especially, small inorganic and organic anions which do not have chromophores are not sensitive enough for direct-UV detection. In such analyses the anions are mostly detected with indirect-UV technique. Capillary electrophoresis instruments are used to analyze samples in off-line, which seldom represent the situation in process. Therefore, on-line instrument technology with autoanalyzing settings will be needed in quality control. The development of a fully automatic capillary electrophoresis system is underway in co-operation with KCL (The Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Institute). In our research, we have first concentrated on the determination of sulphate in waters of paper industry. The method used for detection of sulphate is based on indirect-UV detection with CE, where the background electrolyte (BGE) is an absorbing mixture of secondary amines. The whole procedure for quantification of sulphate is performed within 15 minutes, after which a new sample is analyzed automatically. The only sample pretreatment is filtration, which is necessary before analysis. The concentrations of sulphate in process waters tested were between 300 and 800 ppm. Our tests show that a simultaneous determination of chloride, sulphate, nitrate, nitrite, sulphite, carbonate and oxalate is also

  11. Application of a Mechanistic Model as a Tool for On-line Monitoring of Pilot Scale Filamentous Fungal Fermentation Processes - The Importance of Evaporation Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mears, Lisa; Stocks, Stuart M.; Albæk, Mads Orla

    2017-01-01

    block models the changing rates of formation of product, biomass, and water, and the rate of consumption of feed using standard, available on-line measurements. This parameter estimation block, is coupled to a mechanistic process model, which solves the current states of biomass, product, substrate......, dissolved oxygen and mass, as well as other process parameters including kLa, viscosity and partial pressure of CO2. State estimation at this scale requires a robust mass model including evaporation, which is a factor not often considered at smaller scales of operation.The model is developed using...... sensor at this scale, this allows for improved process monitoring, as well as opening up further possibilities for on-line control algorithms, utilizing these on-line model outputs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...

  12. 77 FR 55811 - Manufacturing Extension Partnership Advisory Board On-line Open Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing Extension Partnership Advisory Board On-line... Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Advisory Board will hold an open, on-line meeting via webcast on... their remote location. Questions regarding the on-line meeting should be sent to the...

  13. Women Physicians Are Early Adopters of On-Line Continuing Medical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, John M., Jr.; Novalis-Marine, Cheryl; Harris, Robin B.

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: On-line continuing medical education (CME) provides advantages to physicians and to medical educators. Although practicing physicians increasingly use on-line CME to meet their educational needs, the overall use of on-line CME remains limited. There are few data to describe the physicians who use this new educational medium; yet,…

  14. Development of on-line laser power monitoring system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Chien-Fang; Lee, Meng-Shiou; Li, Kuan-Ming

    2016-03-01

    Since the laser was invented, laser has been applied in many fields such as material processing, communication, measurement, biomedical engineering, defense industries and etc. Laser power is an important parameter in laser material processing, i.e. laser cutting, and laser drilling. However, the laser power is easily affected by the environment temperature, we tend to monitor the laser power status, ensuring there is an effective material processing. Besides, the response time of current laser power meters is too long, they cannot measure laser power accurately in a short time. To be more precisely, we can know the status of laser power and help us to achieve an effective material processing at the same time. To monitor the laser power, this study utilize a CMOS (Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) camera to develop an on-line laser power monitoring system. The CMOS camera captures images of incident laser beam after it is split and attenuated by beam splitter and neutral density filter. By comparing the average brightness of the beam spots and measurement results from laser power meter, laser power can be estimated. Under continuous measuring mode, the average measuring error is about 3%, and the response time is at least 3.6 second shorter than thermopile power meters; under trigger measuring mode which enables the CMOS camera to synchronize with intermittent laser output, the average measuring error is less than 3%, and the shortest response time is 20 millisecond.

  15. AMADEUS on-line trigger and filtering methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neff, M. [Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP), Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Physikalisches Institut, Erwin-Rommel-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)], E-mail: max.neff@physik.uni-erlangen.de; Anton, G.; Graf, K.; Hoessl, J.; Katz, U.; Lahmann, R.; Richardt, C. [Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP), Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Physikalisches Institut, Erwin-Rommel-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2009-06-01

    AMADEUS is a system designed to investigate the method of acoustic particle detection for high energy neutrinos and the acoustic environment in the deep sea as part of the ANTARES neutrino telescope. In this context, six local clusters of six acoustic sensors each were integrated into the ANTARES infrastructure. The first three clusters have been taking data since December 2007 and the second three since the completion of ANTARES in May 2008. In the paper, the methods used for the on-line triggering and filtering of the data acquired with the AMADEUS set-up are described. On-shore, a dedicated computer-cluster is used to control the off-shore DAQ hardware, to process and store the acoustic data arriving from the sensors. On this cluster different data filtering schemes and triggers are implemented. Transient signals are selected by a variable threshold, which is self-adjusting to the changing conditions of the deep sea. For bipolar pulses-the characteristic acoustic signature of a neutrino-a pattern recognition is used based on cross-correlating the output of the sensors with a pre-defined bipolar pulse. To study the characteristics of the ambient noise in the deep sea an amount of unfiltered data is stored in regular intervals.

  16. EXPANDING ACADEMIC VOCABULARY WITH AN INTERACTIVE ON-LINE DATABASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlise Horst

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available University students used a set of existing and purpose-built on-line tools for vocabulary learning in an experimental ESL course. The resources included concordance, dictionary, cloze-builder, hypertext, and a database with interactive self-quizzing feature (all freely available at www.lextutor.ca. The vocabulary targeted for learning consisted of (a Coxhead's (2000 Academic Word List, a list of items that occur frequently in university textbooks, and (b unfamiliar words students had met in academic texts and selected for entry into the class database. The suite of tools were designed to foster retention by engaging learners in deep processing, an aspect that is often described as missing in computer exercises for vocabulary learning. Database entries were examined to determine whether context sentences supported word meanings adequately and whether entered words reflected the unavailability of cognates in the various first languages of the participants. Pre- and post-treatment performance on tests of knowledge of words targeted for learning in the course were compared to establish learning gains. Regression analyses investigated connections between use of specific computer tools and gains.

  17. The on-line low temperature nuclear orientation facility NICOLE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohtsubo, T.; Roccia, S.; Stone, N. J.; Stone, J. R.; Gaulard, C.; Köster, U.; Nikolov, J.; Simpson, G. S.; Veskovic, M.

    2017-04-01

    We review major experiments and results obtained by the on-line low temperature nuclear orientation method at the NICOLE facility at ISOLDE, CERN since the year 2000 and highlight their general physical impact. This versatile facility, providing a large degree of controlled nuclear polarization, was used for a long-standing study of magnetic moments at shell closures in the region Z = 28, N = 28–50 but also for dedicated studies in the deformed region around A ∼ 180. Another physics program was conducted to test symmetry in the weak sector and constrain weak coupling beyond V–A. Those two programs were supported by careful measurements of the involved solid state physics parameters to attain the full sensitivity of the technique and provide interesting interdisciplinary results. Future plans for this facility include the challenging idea of measuring the beta–gamma–neutron angular distributions from polarized beta delayed neutron emitters, further test of fundamental symmetries and obtaining nuclear structure data used in medical applications. The facility will also continue to contribute to both the nuclear structure and fundamental symmetry test programs.

  18. The Efficiency of the On-line Samplings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ileana Gabriela NICULESCU-ARON

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The rapid growth of the technology from the last decades led to the collateral development of many other sciences. One of the most important inventions was the Internet and the web technologies with a tremendous impact on the society. Statistics, as a social science, at its turn in ongoing development has only to gain from that. Lately, the on line sampling technique greatly developed. Each web site of a certain importance includes in various forms of the questionnaires. These vary from a mere question to lengthy ones and are a part of daily life of those who access the World Wide Web. The main question is how feasible are the results derived from these samplings as the main issue is the representativiness. A nonrepresentative sampling is a futile one. It is a more convenient solution to post a question on the web page and to wait for an answer from the page’s visitors? But how representative is this answer for the target audience? The present paper aims to list the on-lone methodology as well as analyze their efficiency through presenting their advantages and drawbacks.

  19. Using on-line altered auditory feedback treating Parkinsonian speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Emily; Verhagen, Leo; de Vries, Meinou H.

    2005-09-01

    Patients with advanced Parkinson's disease tend to have dysarthric speech that is hesitant, accelerated, and repetitive, and that is often resistant to behavior speech therapy. In this pilot study, the speech disturbances were treated using on-line altered feedbacks (AF) provided by SpeechEasy (SE), an in-the-ear device registered with the FDA for use in humans to treat chronic stuttering. Eight PD patients participated in the study. All had moderate to severe speech disturbances. In addition, two patients had moderate recurring stuttering at the onset of PD after long remission since adolescence, two had bilateral STN DBS, and two bilateral pallidal DBS. An effective combination of delayed auditory feedback and frequency-altered feedback was selected for each subject and provided via SE worn in one ear. All subjects produced speech samples (structured-monologue and reading) under three conditions: baseline, with SE without, and with feedbacks. The speech samples were randomly presented and rated for speech intelligibility goodness using UPDRS-III item 18 and the speaking rate. The results indicted that SpeechEasy is well tolerated and AF can improve speech intelligibility in spontaneous speech. Further investigational use of this device for treating speech disorders in PD is warranted [Work partially supported by Janus Dev. Group, Inc.].

  20. Chromatographic on-line detection of bioactives in food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remmelt Van der Werf

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTFindings were focused on the anti-oxidative activity of numerous fruits and vegetables by means of an on-line HPLC radical scavenging detection method. The reactant used was the ABTS•+ green radical cation. The system has been optimized in terms of reactor design, and chemical reactions kinetics. It has been qualified to classify molecules in order of their increasing activity to scavenge exogenous radicals. It may be used as a powerful high resolution screening tool to investigate the radical scavenging activities of natural plants. Bioassays consisting in cellular in vitro antioxidant assay using pancreatic β-cells have been used to confirm the bioactivity of the selected micronutrients. This study demonstrated that it is possible to screen at the molecular level, the bioactivity of numerous natural samples and to point out the richness of the local biodiversity in terms of natural resource of functional food ingredients usable for their potential benefits for consumer’s health, wellbeing and wellaging.Key words: HPLC radical scavenging detection method, bioactivity of natural samples

  1. On-line catalytic upgrading of biomass fast pyrolysis products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Qiang; ZHU XiFeng; LI WenZhi; ZHANG Ying; CHEN DengYu

    2009-01-01

    Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) was employed to achieve fast pyrolysis of biomass and on-line analysis of the pyrolysis vapors. Four biomass materials (poplar wood, fir wood, cotton straw and rice husk) were pyrolyzed to reveal the difference among their products. Moreover, catalytic cracking of the pyrolysis vapors from cotton straw was performed by using five catalysts, including two microporous zeolites (HZSM-5 and HY) and three mesoporous catalysts (ZrO2&TiO2, SBA-15 and AI/SBA-15). The results showed that the distribution of the pyrolytic products from the four materials differed a little from each other, while catalytic cracking could significantly alter the pyrolytic products. Those important primary pyrolytic products such as levoglucosen, hydroxyacetaldehyde and 1-hydroxy-2-propanone were decreased greatly after catalysis. The two microporous zeolites were ef-fective to generate high yields of hydrocarbons, while the three mesoporous materials favored the formation of furan, furfural and other furan compounds, as well as acetic acid.

  2. Virtual laboratories: Collaborative environments and facilities-on-line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, C.E. Jr. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). I and C Div.; Cavallini, J.S.; Seweryniak, G.R.; Kitchens, T.A.; Hitchcock, D.A.; Scott, M.A.; Welch, L.C. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States). Mathematical Information, and Computational Sciences Div.; Aiken, R.J. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States). Mathematical Information, and Computational Sciences Div.]|[Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Stevens, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Sciences Div.

    1995-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has major research laboratories in a number of locations in the US, typically co-located with large research instruments or research facilities valued at tens of millions to even billions of dollars. Present budget exigencies facing the entire nation are felt very deeply at DOE, just as elsewhere. Advances over the last few years in networking and computing technologies make virtual collaborative environments and conduct of experiments over the internetwork structure a possibility. The authors believe that development of these collaborative environments and facilities-on-line could lead to a ``virtual laboratory`` with tremendous potential for decreasing the costs of research and increasing the productivity of their capital investment in research facilities. The majority of these cost savings would be due to increased productivity of their research efforts, better utilization of resources and facilities, and avoiding duplication of expensive facilities. A vision of how this might all fit together and a discussion of the infrastructure necessary to enable these developments is presented.

  3. Algorithmic Adventures

    CERN Document Server

    Hromkovic, Juraj

    2009-01-01

    Explores the science of computing. This book starts with the development of computer science, algorithms and programming, and then explains and shows how to exploit the concepts of infinity, computability, computational complexity, nondeterminism and randomness.

  4. 一种快速在线图形识别与规整化方法%A Method of Fast On-Line Graphics Recognition and Regularization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建勇; 金翔宇; 彭彬彬; 孙正兴; 刘文印

    2003-01-01

    A novel and fast shape classification and regularization algorithm for on-line sketchy graphics recognition is proposed. We divide the on-line graphics recognition process into four stages: preprocessing,shape classification,shape fitting,and regularization. Attraction Force Model is employed to progressively combine the vertices on the input sketchy stroke and reduce the total number of vertices before the type of shape can be determined. After that ,the shape is fitted and gradually rectified to a regular one,thus the regularized shape fits the user intended one precisely.Experimental results show that this algorithm can yield good recognition precision(averagely above 90% )and fine regularization effect but with fast speed. Consequently,it is especially suitable to computational critical environment such as PDAs,which solely depends on a pen-based user interface.

  5. Worldwide On-line Distance Learning University Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyres, S. P. S.; Hassall, B. J. M.; Butchart, I.; Bromage, G. E.

    2006-08-01

    The University of Central Lancashire operates a suite of distance learning courses in Astronomy, available both on-line and via CD-ROM. The courses are available worldwide, and emphasise flexibility of study. To this end students can study anything from a single module (1/6^th of a full year at degree level) all the way up to an entire degree entirely by distance learning. Study rates vary from one to four modules each year, and students can move on to Level 2 modules (equivalent to second year level in a UK degree) before completing the full set of Level 1 modules. Over 1000 awards have been made to date. The core syllabus is Astronomy and Cosmology at Level 1, alongside skills in literature research, using computers, and basic observing. We also offer a basic history of European astronomy. At Level 2 we look at the astrophysics of the Sun, the stars, and galaxies including the Milky Way. By Level 3 students are expected to engage in a large individual project, and a collaborative investigation with other students, alongside high-level courses in cosmology, relativity, extreme states of matter and the origins of the elements, life and astronomical objects. While many students are retired people looking to exercise their brains, keen amateur amateurs or professionals with disposable incomes, and significant fraction are teachers seeking to improve their subject knowledge or high school students gaining an edge in the UK University entrance competition. Via our involvement with SALT we offer our courses to members of previously disadvantaged communities. This leads to an incredibly diverse and lively student body.

  6. Adaptive PSS using a simple on-line identifier and linear pole-shift controller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramakrishna, G. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK S7N 5A9 (Canada); Malik, O.P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Calgary, Calgary AB T2N 1N4 (Canada)

    2010-04-15

    Implementation of an adaptive power system stabilizer (APSS) and experimental studies are presented in this paper. The APSS consists of an adaptive linear element (ADALINE) based identifier that identifies the power system as a third-order discrete auto-regressive moving average (ARMA) model and a pole-shift controller. The ADALINE is modeled so that its weights have a one-to-one relationship with the ARMA model parameters. The weights are updated at each sampling interval to track the dynamic characteristics of the actual system. The on-line updated ARMA parameters are used in the PS control algorithm to calculate the new closed-loop poles of the system that are always inside the unit circle in the z-plane. The calculated control is such that it achieves regulation of the system to a constant setpoint in the shortest interval of time. Experimental studies on a physical model of power system verify that the proposed adaptive PSS effectively damps the oscillations and improves power system stability. (author)

  7. On-line scheduling of Automatics and flexible Manufacturing System using SARSA technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aissani, N.; Beldjilali, B.

    2008-06-01

    In this paper context, we will show what will be the best organization of decision entities in flexible manufacturing system, but also show our approach steps to achieve a manufacturing control system which is more reliable insofar as it has responding to queries in online. With this intention, we use a multi-agent system of which the decisions taken by the system are the result of those agents group work, these agents ensure in the same time manufacturing scheduling solution and a continuously improvement of their quality thanks to the reinforcement learning technique and particularly SARSA algorithm which was introduced to them. This technique of learning makes it possible the agents to be adaptive and to learn the best behavior in their various roles (answer the requests, self-organization, plan…) without attenuating the system on-line. A computer implementation and experimentation of this model are provided in this paper to demonstrate the contribution of our approach compared to a famous metaheuristic: tabu search, widely used for scheduling in complex manufacturing systems.

  8. On-line surface inspection using cylindrical lens-based spectral domain low-coherence interferometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Dawei; Gao, Feng; Jiang, X

    2014-08-20

    We present a spectral domain low-coherence interferometry (SD-LCI) method that is effective for applications in on-line surface inspection because it can obtain a surface profile in a single shot. It has an advantage over existing spectral interferometry techniques by using cylindrical lenses as the objective lenses in a Michelson interferometric configuration to enable the measurement of long profiles. Combined with a modern high-speed CCD camera, general-purpose graphics processing unit, and multicore processors computing technology, fast measurement can be achieved. By translating the tested sample during the measurement procedure, real-time surface inspection was implemented, which is proved by the large-scale 3D surface measurement in this paper. ZEMAX software is used to simulate the SD-LCI system and analyze the alignment errors. Two step height surfaces were measured, and the captured interferograms were analyzed using a fast Fourier transform algorithm. Both 2D profile results and 3D surface maps closely align with the calibrated specifications given by the manufacturer.

  9. Implementation of an on-line monitoring system for transmitters in a CANDU nuclear power plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labbe, A.; Abdul-Nour, G.; Vaillancourt, R.; Komljenovic, D.

    2012-05-01

    Many transmitters (pressure, level and flow) are used in a nuclear power plant. It is necessary to calibrate them periodically to ensure that their measurements are accurate. These calibration tasks are time consuming and often contribute to worker radiation exposure. Human errors can also sometimes degrade their performance since the calibration involves intrusive techniques. More importantly, experience has shown that the majority of current calibration efforts are not necessary. These facts motivated the nuclear industry to develop new technologies for identifying drifting instruments. These technologies, well known as on-line monitoring (OLM) techniques, are non-intrusive and allow focusing the maintenance efforts on the instruments that really need a calibration. Although few OLM systems have been implemented in some PWR and BWR plants, these technologies are not commonly used and have not been permanently implemented in a CANDU plant. This paper presents the results of a research project that has been performed in a CANDU plant in order to validate the implementation of an OLM system. An application project, based on the ICMP algorithm developed by EPRI, has been carried out in order to evaluate the performance of an OLM system. The results demonstrated that the OLM system was able to detect the drift of an instrument in the majority of the studied cases. A feasibility study has also been completed and has demonstrated that the implementation of an OLM system at a CANDU nuclear power plant could be advantageous under certain conditions.

  10. Research on Quality Inspection and Sorting On-line System for Bearing Steel Ball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Runxiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To detect the flaws of bearing steel ball and sort its quality on-line, a kind of online quality detecting and sorting system for bearing steel ball is developed, which based on the eddy current inspection theory. The design of scheme, circuit and mechanical structure of the system is described in detail. PSD(Phase Sensitive Detection is applied to pick up the signal of cracks and restrain interferential signal. The flaws will be quantificational analysed based on the X-R orthogonal decomposition technology which include the size and depth information of flaws. By analysing and processing the amplitude and phase of the defect signal, the flaws can be found with high accuracy and low error-detected ratio. ARM and MCU Processor ensures the real-time ability of discriminating algorithm. The CPLD is used for generating reference signal which can be easy to get synchronous with the source signal. It has good properties of real-time to detect the quality of bearing steel ball.

  11. Design and experimental research of the on-line detection system for diamond arc grinding wheel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feihu; Li, Chen; Liu, Zhongde; Ren, Lele; Xie, Haisheng

    2016-10-01

    The principle of measuring displacement by eddy current sensor was derived. The calibration experiment was carried out for 5 kinds of different materials, which showed that the linearity of eddy current sensor was better, and the sensitivity of eddy current sensor varied with different materials. Based on the principle of measuring displacement by eddy current sensor, the on-line detection system for diamond circular wheel was designed, and the data acquisition was realized by using LABVIEW software. By moving the eddy current sensor in the vertical direction with the grinding wheel fixed, the coordinate of arc in the grinding wheel was obtained. The radius of the grinding wheel was fitted by using the genetic algorithm, which showed that the fitting results were accurate. The data acquisition of the grinding wheel was carried out in a cycle by fixing the electric eddy current sensor and the circulars of the grinding wheel in different processes, namely before dressing, after dressing and after shaping. The results showed that the circular of the grinding wheel after dressing and after shaping were significantly improved compared with that before dressing.

  12. On-line non-intrusive particle size measurement of pulverised fuel through digital imaging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the basic principles of particle size measurement and latest industrial results recorded using an innovative optical instrumentation system designed to measure the size distribution of particles in a pneumatic suspension. The system is non-intrusive and cost-effective. A low-cost CCD camera is used to capture images of the particulate flow field, which is illuminated by a low-cost pulsed laser sheet generator. The particle size distribution is then determined by processing the particle images through the use of novel processing algorithms. Experimental results obtained in the past on a small scale particle flow test rig have demonstrated that the system is capable of measuring the size distribution of pneumatically conveyed particles with an accuracy of a few percent. For the present paper results obtained when testing the system at a 4 MW industrial test facility are presented. Comparisons are made with both off-line reference data achieved through sieving and on-line laser diffraction data recorded using an intrusive, extractive, Malvern Instruments system. In general there is good agreement between results when considering the characteristics and limitations of the individual methodologies. The novel imaging system shows itself to be rugged, practical and useful under genuine industrial conditions.

  13. On-Line Smoothing for an Integrated Navigation System with Low-Cost MEMS Inertial Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Ching Huang

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The integration of the Inertial Navigation System (INS and the Global Positioning System (GPS is widely applied to seamlessly determine the time-variable position and orientation parameters of a system for navigation and mobile mapping applications. For optimal data fusion, the Kalman filter (KF is often used for real-time applications. Backward smoothing is considered an optimal post-processing procedure. However, in current INS/GPS integration schemes, the KF and smoothing techniques still have some limitations. This article reviews the principles and analyzes the limitations of these estimators. In addition, an on-line smoothing method that overcomes the limitations of previous algorithms is proposed. For verification, an INS/GPS integrated architecture is implemented using a low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems inertial measurement unit and a single-frequency GPS receiver. GPS signal outages are included in the testing trajectories to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method in comparison to conventional schemes.

  14. On-line Geoscience Data Resources for Today's Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwillie, A. M.; Ryan, W.; Carbotte, S.; Melkonian, A.; Coplan, J.; Arko, R.; O'Hara, S.; Ferrini, V.; Leung, A.; Bonckzowski, J.

    2008-12-01

    Broadening the experience of undergraduates can be achieved by enabling free, unrestricted and convenient access to real scientific data. With funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS) (http://www.marine-geo.org/) serves as the integrated data portal for various NSF-funded projects and provides free public access and preservation to a wide variety of marine and terrestrial data including rock, fluid, biology and sediment samples information, underway geophysical data and multibeam bathymetry, water column and multi-channel seismics data. Users can easily view the locations of cruise tracks, sample and station locations against a backdrop of a multi-resolution global digital elevation model. A Search For Data web page rapidly extracts data holdings from the database and can be filtered on data and device type, field program ID, investigator name, geographical and date bounds. The data access experience is boosted by the MGDS use of standardised OGC-compliant Web Services to support uniform programmatic interfaces. GeoMapApp (http://www.geomapapp.org/), a free MGDS data visualization tool, supports map-based dynamic exploration of a broad suite of geosciences data. Built-in land and marine data sets include tectonic plate boundary compilations, DSDP/ODP core logs, earthquake events, seafloor photos, and submersible dive tracks. Seamless links take users to data held by external partner repositories including PetDB, UNAVCO, IRIS and NGDC. Users can generate custom maps and grids and import their own data sets and grids. A set of short, video-style on-line tutorials familiarises users step- by-step with GeoMapApp functionality (http://www.geomapapp.org/tutorials/). Virtual Ocean (http://www.virtualocean.org/) combines the functionality of GeoMapApp with a 3-D earth browser built using the NASA WorldWind API for a powerful new data resource. MGDS education involvement (http://www.marine-geo.org/, go to Education tab

  15. Combinatorial algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Hu, T C

    2002-01-01

    Newly enlarged, updated second edition of a valuable text presents algorithms for shortest paths, maximum flows, dynamic programming and backtracking. Also discusses binary trees, heuristic and near optimums, matrix multiplication, and NP-complete problems. 153 black-and-white illus. 23 tables.Newly enlarged, updated second edition of a valuable, widely used text presents algorithms for shortest paths, maximum flows, dynamic programming and backtracking. Also discussed are binary trees, heuristic and near optimums, matrix multiplication, and NP-complete problems. New to this edition: Chapter 9

  16. Autodriver algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Bourmistrova

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The autodriver algorithm is an intelligent method to eliminate the need of steering by a driver on a well-defined road. The proposed method performs best on a four-wheel steering (4WS vehicle, though it is also applicable to two-wheel-steering (TWS vehicles. The algorithm is based on coinciding the actual vehicle center of rotation and road center of curvature, by adjusting the kinematic center of rotation. The road center of curvature is assumed prior information for a given road, while the dynamic center of rotation is the output of dynamic equations of motion of the vehicle using steering angle and velocity measurements as inputs. We use kinematic condition of steering to set the steering angles in such a way that the kinematic center of rotation of the vehicle sits at a desired point. At low speeds the ideal and actual paths of the vehicle are very close. With increase of forward speed the road and tire characteristics, along with the motion dynamics of the vehicle cause the vehicle to turn about time-varying points. By adjusting the steering angles, our algorithm controls the dynamic turning center of the vehicle so that it coincides with the road curvature center, hence keeping the vehicle on a given road autonomously. The position and orientation errors are used as feedback signals in a closed loop control to adjust the steering angles. The application of the presented autodriver algorithm demonstrates reliable performance under different driving conditions.

  17. Semi-on-line analysis for fast and precise monitoring of bioreaction processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, L.H.; Marcher, J.; Schulze, Ulrik

    1996-01-01

    Monitoring of substrates and products during fermentation processes can be achieved either by on-line, in situ sensors or by semi-on-line analysis consisting of an automatic sampling step followed by an ex situ analysis of the retrieved sample. The potential risk of introducing time delays...... and signal bias during sampling makes it necessary to distinguish between real-time, on-line, in situ methods and semi-on-line analysis. In addition, semi-on-line analyzers are often mechanically complex-a circumstance which has to be given special attention during their industrial use on a routine basis....... This review on semi-on-line analysis will focus both on the dynamics and precision of aseptic sampling devices and on the performance of flow injection analysis (FIA) and sequential injection analysis (SIA), especially with regard to their robustness when used in industry. (C) 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc....

  18. On-line identification, flutter testing and adaptive notching of structural parameters for V-22 tiltrotor aircraft

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R K Mehra; P O Arambel; A M Sampath; R K Prasanth; T C Parham

    2000-04-01

    New algorithms and results are presented for flutter testing and adaptive notching of structural modes in V-22 tiltrotor aircraft based on simulated and flight-test data from Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc. (BHTI). For flutter testing and the identification of structural mode frequencies, dampings and mode shapes, time domain state space techniques based on Deterministic Stochastic Realization Algorithms (DSRA) are used to accurately identify multiple modessimultaneously from sine sweep and other multifrequency data, resulting in great savings over the conventional Prony method. Two different techniques for adaptive notching are explored in order to design an Integrated Flight Structural Control (IFSC) system. The first technique is based on on-line identification of structural mode parameters using DSRA algorithm and tuning of a notch filter. The second technique is based on decoupling rigid-body and structural modes of the aircraft by means of a Kalman filter and using rigid-body estimates in the feedback control loop. The difference between the two approaches is that on-line identification and adaptive notching in the first approach are entirely based on the knowledge of structural modes, whereas the Kalman filter design in the second approach is based on the rigid-body dynamic model only.In the first IFSC design, on-line identification is necessary for flight envelope expansion and to adjust the notch filter frequencies and suppress aero-servoelastic instabilities due to changing flight conditionssuch as gross weight, sling loads, and airspeed. It isshown that by tuning the notch filterfrequency to the identified frequency, the phase lag is reduced and the corresponding structural mode is effectively suppressed and stability is maintained. In the second IFSC design using Kalman filter design, the structural modes are again effectively suppressed. Furthermore, the rigid-body estimates are found to be fairly insensitive to both natural frequency and damping factor

  19. On-line determination of anions in pulp mills by capillary electrophoresis (CE); Tehdasoloissa tapahtuva anionien kapillaarielektroforeettinen on-line maeaeritys ja sen hyoedyntaeminen prosessivalvonnassa - MPKY 02

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kokkonen, R.; Holmberg, M.; Vainikka, V. [Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    The aim of the study was to set-up a process control system for on-line measurement of certain anions. Typical anions which forms precipitates in pulp and paper mills are oxalate, carbonate and sulphate. Thus it is important to develop a continuous process analyzing system to control concentration levels of this anions. For the preliminary tests of continuous determinations of chloride and sulphate anions in tap water a simple on-line system was build in KCL (The Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Institute) and connected to a capillary electroforesis apparatus. In the preliminary tests a chromate buffer (ph = 7.6) was used. Separation of chloride and sulphate was excellent but the stability of buffer was not good enough and it was usable only for few hours. After experimental studies VTT developed a stable capillary electrophoresis method based on mixed amine buffer and this was selected for an on-line method for determination of anions in process waters of the pulp and paper industry. In the preliminary on-line test (r = 20) repeatabilities of migration times of sulphate and chloride with the chromate buffer were < 5 % (RSD) and peak heights < 15 % (RSD). With the mixed amine buffer repeatabilities were better. The preliminary tests showed that it is possible to connect a capillary electrophoresis system to on-line measurements. For the moment no commercial on-line CE apparatus is available. (orig.)

  20. On-Line Booking Policies and Competitive Analysis of Medical Examination in Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Luo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available From the on-line point, we consider the hospital’s medical examination appointment problem with hierarchical machines. This approach eliminates the need for both demand forecasts and a risk-neutrality assumption. Due to different unit revenue, uncertain demand, and arrival of patients, we design on-line booking policies for two kinds of different situations from the perspective of on-line policy and competitive analysis. After that, we prove the optimal competitive ratios. Through numerical examples, we compare advantages and disadvantages between on-line policies and traditional policies, finding that there is different superiority for these two policies under different arrival sequences.

  1. BOOK REVIEW: ON-LINE EDUCATION: AN EMANCIPATING VISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Dr. Abdullah KUZU

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available ON-LINE EDUCATION: AN EMANCIPATING VISION Written by Margarita Victoria Gomez Publisher: Cortez Editora ISBN 85-249-1062-3 São Paulo, Brazil, July 2004. Reviewed by Ricardo Romo TORRES Manuel Moreno Castaneda Maria del Sol Orozco Aguirre Universidad de Guadalajara Virtual MEXICO http://www.udgvirtual.udg.mx "On-line Education " is a book that meets the challenge to present itself as an unfinished text. In addition to demanding an active participation of the reader, it requires a predisposition to complete it through an also inconclusive dialogue. Among its goals we can find the search for education networks that remain under constant reconstruction, maintaining the emancipative vision as an imperative for the reconfiguration, as a constituted tissue for the scaffolding of subjects who impress,imagine, think and have a will. The unfinished part is presented in the following paragraph: "Similar to Babel according to Borges, knowledge is the product of a hazard in which fiction is the universe and where, out of fear of its multiple combinations, individual texts constitute an unfinished tale. In this labyrinth-shaped universe, the mirror and the recurrence do not allow finding the way out" page 134. The sense of being of man within a planetary community is framed by the ontological condition of conclusiveness; the requirement of being more, however, as well. This more is guided by the need for dialogue with others in terms of the opening and maintaining an unconcluded dialogue. The idea of a web or network leads to an articulating demand within the context of the category of wholeness. Based on this category, we will be able to present a reticulum of concepts where we can find included the web, subjectivity, identity, experience, mediation and, of course, digital literacy. This reticulum results in a concept of identified education with a condensed arrival point to something that the author defines as 'the pedagogy of virtuality'. The author is

  2. Algorithmic Self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markham, Annette

    layered set of accounts to help build our understanding of how individuals relate to their devices, search systems, and social network sites. This work extends critical analyses of the power of algorithms in implicating the social self by offering narrative accounts from multiple perspectives. It also......This paper takes an actor network theory approach to explore some of the ways that algorithms co-construct identity and relational meaning in contemporary use of social media. Based on intensive interviews with participants as well as activity logging and data tracking, the author presents a richly...... contributes an innovative method for blending actor network theory with symbolic interaction to grapple with the complexity of everyday sensemaking practices within networked global information flows....

  3. An On-Line Oxygen Forecasting System for Waterless Live Transportation of Flatfish Based on Feature Clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongjun Zhang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Accurate prediction of forthcoming oxygen concentration during waterless live fish transportation plays a key role in reducing the abnormal occurrence, increasing the survival rate in delivery operations, and optimizing manufacturing costs. The most effective ambient monitoring techniques that are based on the analysis of historical process data when performing forecasting operations do not fully consider current ambient influence. This is likely lead to a greater deviation in on-line oxygen level forecasting in real situations. Therefore, it is not advisable for the system to perform early warning and on-line air adjustment in delivery. In this paper, we propose a hybrid method and its implementation system that combines a gray model (GM (1, 1 with least squares support vector machines (LSSVM that can be used effectively as a forecasting model to perform early warning effectively according to the dynamic changes of oxygen in a closed system. For accurately forecasting of the oxygen level, the fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM algorithm was utilized for classification according to the flatfish’s physical features—i.e., length and weight—for more pertinent training. The performance of the gray model-particle swarm optimization-least squares support vector machines (GM-PSO-LSSVM model was compared with the traditional modeling approaches of GM (1, 1 and LSSVM by applying it to predict on-line oxygen level, and the results showed that its predictions were more accurate than those of the LSSVM and grey model. Therefore, it is a suitable and effective method for abnormal condition forecasting and timely control in the waterless live transportation of flatfish.

  4. Trajectory averaging for stochastic approximation MCMC algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Liang, Faming

    2010-01-01

    The subject of stochastic approximation was founded by Robbins and Monro [Ann. Math. Statist. 22 (1951) 400--407]. After five decades of continual development, it has developed into an important area in systems control and optimization, and it has also served as a prototype for the development of adaptive algorithms for on-line estimation and control of stochastic systems. Recently, it has been used in statistics with Markov chain Monte Carlo for solving maximum likelihood estimation problems and for general simulation and optimizations. In this paper, we first show that the trajectory averaging estimator is asymptotically efficient for the stochastic approximation MCMC (SAMCMC) algorithm under mild conditions, and then apply this result to the stochastic approximation Monte Carlo algorithm [Liang, Liu and Carroll J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 102 (2007) 305--320]. The application of the trajectory averaging estimator to other stochastic approximation MCMC algorithms, for example, a stochastic approximation MLE al...

  5. Automated analysis of heterogeneous carbon nanostructures by high-resolution electron microscopy and on-line image processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toth, P., E-mail: toth.pal@uni-miskolc.hu [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, 50 S. Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9203 (United States); Farrer, J.K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, N283 ESC, Provo, UT 84602 (United States); Palotas, A.B. [Department of Combustion Technology and Thermal Energy, University of Miskolc, H3515, Miskolc-Egyetemvaros (Hungary); Lighty, J.S.; Eddings, E.G. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, 50 S. Central Campus Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9203 (United States)

    2013-06-15

    High-resolution electron microscopy is an efficient tool for characterizing heterogeneous nanostructures; however, currently the analysis is a laborious and time-consuming manual process. In order to be able to accurately and robustly quantify heterostructures, one must obtain a statistically high number of micrographs showing images of the appropriate sub-structures. The second step of analysis is usually the application of digital image processing techniques in order to extract meaningful structural descriptors from the acquired images. In this paper it will be shown that by applying on-line image processing and basic machine vision algorithms, it is possible to fully automate the image acquisition step; therefore, the number of acquired images in a given time can be increased drastically without the need for additional human labor. The proposed automation technique works by computing fields of structural descriptors in situ and thus outputs sets of the desired structural descriptors in real-time. The merits of the method are demonstrated by using combustion-generated black carbon samples. - Highlights: ► The HRTEM analysis of heterogeneous nanostructures is a tedious manual process. ► Automatic HRTEM image acquisition and analysis can improve data quantity and quality. ► We propose a method based on on-line image analysis for the automation of HRTEM image acquisition. ► The proposed method is demonstrated using HRTEM images of soot particles.

  6. Interactive animation of fault-tolerant parallel algorithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apgar, S.W.

    1992-02-01

    Animation of algorithms makes understanding them intuitively easier. This paper describes the software tool Raft (Robust Animator of Fault Tolerant Algorithms). The Raft system allows the user to animate a number of parallel algorithms which achieve fault tolerant execution. In particular, we use it to illustrate the key Write-All problem. It has an extensive user-interface which allows a choice of the number of processors, the number of elements in the Write-All array, and the adversary to control the processor failures. The novelty of the system is that the interface allows the user to create new on-line adversaries as the algorithm executes.

  7. Optimisation of Hidden Markov Model using Baum–Welch algorithm for prediction of maximum and minimum temperature over Indian Himalaya

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J C Joshi; Tankeshwar Kumar; Sunita Srivastava; Divya Sachdeva

    2017-02-01

    Maximum and minimum temperatures are used in avalanche forecasting models for snow avalanche hazard mitigation over Himalaya. The present work is a part of development of Hidden Markov Model (HMM) based avalanche forecasting system for Pir-Panjal and Great Himalayan mountain ranges of the Himalaya. In this work, HMMs have been developed for forecasting of maximum and minimum temperatures for Kanzalwan in Pir-Panjal range and Drass in Great Himalayan range with a lead time of two days. The HMMs have been developed using meteorological variables collected from these stations during the past 20 winters from 1992 to 2012. The meteorological variables have been used to define observations and states of the models and to compute model parameters (initial state, state transition and observation probabilities). The model parameters have been used in the Forward and the Viterbi algorithms to generate temperature forecasts. To improve the model forecasts, the model parameters have been optimised using Baum–Welch algorithm. The models have been compared with persistence forecast by root mean square errors (RMSE) analysis using independent data of two winters (2012–13, 2013–14). The HMM for maximum temperature has shown a 4–12% and 17–19% improvement in the forecast over persistence forecast, for day-1 and day-2, respectively. For minimum temperature, it has shown 6–38% and 5–12% improvement for day-1 and day-2, respectively.

  8. Enhancing On-Line Teaching with Verbal Immediacy through Self-Determination Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlich, Stephen A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the use of instructor verbal immediacy behaviors for on-line classes. Specifically, it demonstrates how instructor verbal immediacy behaviors found in face-to-face classes can also be displayed for on-line classes. It is argued that self-determination theory describes identification of the student as an important role in the…

  9. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor for monitoring drinking water quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højris, Bo; Christensen, Sarah Christine Boesgaard; Albrechtsen, Hans-Jørgen;

    2016-01-01

    Today, microbial drinking water quality is monitored through either time-consuming laboratory methods or indirect on-line measurements. Results are thus either delayed or insufficient to support proactive action. A novel, optical, on-line bacteria sensor with a 10-minute time resolution has been...... conditions such as pollution events in drinking water....

  10. Analyze On-line Star Economy Basing on Models of Entrepreneurship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志豪

    2016-01-01

    The outstanding performance of the On-line Star Economy is bound up with social media and promotion by fans, stimulating a new round of consumption upgrading and capital tendency. There is no denying that the On-line Star Economy may be the fortuitous outcome of the times. But the fact remains it can be analyzed rationally using Models of Entrepreneurship.

  11. On-line monitoring and control of animal-cell cultures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pol, van der J.J.

    1996-01-01


    On-line analysis and control of biotechnological processes is still the stepchild in industry. In general, only parameters as dissolved-oxygen concentration, pH and temperature are controlled on-line. Important parameters as substrate and inhibitor concentrations are only measured

  12. On-Line Multichannel Raman Spectroscopic Detection System For Capillary Zone Electrophoresis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    An on-line multichannel Raman spectroscopic detection system for capillary electrophoresis was established by using an Ar+ laser and a cryogenically cooled ICCD. Resonant excitation Raman spectra of methyl red and methyl orange were employed to test the system. The result shows that it could yield on-line electrophoretogram and time series of Raman spectra.

  13. High School Open On-Line Courses (HOOC): A Case Study from Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canessa, Enrique; Pisani, Armando

    2013-01-01

    The first implementation of complete high school, open on-line courses (HOOC) aiming to support the training and basic scientific knowledge of young students from the Liceo Ginnasio Dante Alighieri in Gorizia, Italy, is discussed. Using the open source and automated recording system openEyA, HOOC give a student the opportunity to watch on-line, at…

  14. Challenges and opportunities in ‘last mile’ logistics for on-line food retail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trienekens, Jacques; Hvolby, Hans Henrik; Turner, Paul

    2017-01-01

    Conventional approaches to logistics for food retail continue to be challenged by the rapid growth of on-line food retail. At the same time, ‘last mile’ logistics optimization for on-line retail also face challenges as changing consumer expectations, habits and purchasing patterns intersect with

  15. A New Method of On-line Grid Impedance Estimation for PV Inverter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teodorescu, Remus; Asiminoaei, Lucian; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2004-01-01

    for on-line measuring the grid impedance is presented. The presented method requires no extra hardware being accommodated by typical PV inverters, sensors and CPU, to provide a fast and low cost approach of on-line impedance measurement. By injecting a non-characteristic harmonic current and measuring...

  16. The Anatomy of Program Design for an On-Line Business Management Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barger, Bonita

    2008-01-01

    How does one design an on-line course to bridge theory and practice? How can the feedback of on-going stakeholder (student and administration) be incorporated into the design process to enhance quality? This paper presents the theoretical underpinning of designing an on-line management course recognized as best practice for a "well organized…

  17. Improvement plans for the RHIC/AGS on-line model environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown,K.A.; Ahrens, L.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Morris, J.; Nemesure, S.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; Satogata, T.; Schoefer, V.; Tepikian, S.

    2009-08-31

    The on-line models for Relativistic Ion Collider (RHIC) and the RHIC pre-injectors (the AGS and the AGS Booster) can be thought of as containing our best collective knowledge of these accelerators. As we improve these on-line models we are building the framework to have a sophisticated model-based controls system. Currently the RHIC on-line model is an integral part of the controls system, providing the interface for tune control, chromaticity control, and non-linear chromaticity control. What we discuss in this paper is our vision of the future of the on-line model environment for RHIC and the RHIC preinjectors. Although these on-line models are primarily used as Courant-Snyder parameter calculators using live machine settings, we envision expanding these environments to encompass many other problem domains.

  18. Estimation of UAV Position with Use of Smoothing Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaniewski Piotr

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents methods of on-line and off-line estimation of UAV position on the basis of measurements from its integrated navigation system. The navigation system installed on board UAV contains an INS and a GNSS receiver. The UAV position, as well as its velocity and orientation are estimated with the use of smoothing algorithms. For off-line estimation, a fixed-interval smoothing algorithm has been applied. On-line estimation has been accomplished with the use of a fixed-lag smoothing algorithm. The paper includes chosen results of simulations demonstrating improvements of accuracy of UAV position estimation with the use of smoothing algorithms in comparison with the use of a Kalman filter.

  19. Parallel algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Casanova, Henri; Robert, Yves

    2008-01-01

    ""…The authors of the present book, who have extensive credentials in both research and instruction in the area of parallelism, present a sound, principled treatment of parallel algorithms. … This book is very well written and extremely well designed from an instructional point of view. … The authors have created an instructive and fascinating text. The book will serve researchers as well as instructors who need a solid, readable text for a course on parallelism in computing. Indeed, for anyone who wants an understandable text from which to acquire a current, rigorous, and broad vi

  20. Algorithm 865

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustavson, Fred G.; Reid, John K.; Wasniewski, Jerzy

    2007-01-01

    variables, and the speed is usually better than that of the LAPACK algorithm that uses full storage (n2 variables). Included are subroutines for rearranging a matrix whose upper or lower-triangular part is packed by columns to this format and for the inverse rearrangement. Also included is a kernel......We present subroutines for the Cholesky factorization of a positive-definite symmetric matrix and for solving corresponding sets of linear equations. They exploit cache memory by using the block hybrid format proposed by the authors in a companion article. The matrix is packed into n(n + 1)/2 real...

  1. FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement an on-line research and education information service. Annual status report, September 1992--August 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodman, J.A.

    1993-08-01

    Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE) is a diversified information services company that is recognized as the major electronic link between the higher education community and the Federal government in the field of research administration. FIE provides a range of information related services to the government, academic and private sectors, including database management, software development and technical support. FEDIX is the on-line information service designed, developed and implemented by FIE to accomplish the following objectives: (1). Broaden the participation of the education community in Federal research and education programs by providing free and unrestricted on-line access to information from all participating Federal agencies; and (2). Provide the education community with on-line access to a single keyword-searchable system for research and educational funding opportunities at the participating Federal agencies.

  2. Free Search Algorithm Based Estimation in WSN Location

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Hui; LI Dan-mei; SHAO Shi-huang; XU Chen

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel intelligent estimation algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network nodes location based on Free Search, which converts parameter estimation to on-line optimization of nonlinear function and estimates the coordinates of senor nodes using the Free Search optimization. Compared to the least-squares estimation algorithms, the localization accuracy has been increased significantly, which has been verified by the simulation results.

  3. El aprendizaje on-line: oportunidades y retos en instituciones politécnicas Apprenticeship Students Learning On-line: Opportunities and Challenges for Polytechnic Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Burkle

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los retos y las oportunidades actuales respecto a la distribución de contenidos virtuales y online en el marco de la institución de educación superior politécnica. Debido a la recesión económica actual, se está produciendo un retorno de estudiantes aprendices al mundo académico con el fin de actualizar habilidades y conocimientos. Sin embargo, a menudo los estudiantes con este perfil no están dispuestos a dejar de lado el trabajo o su vida personal para volver al estudio. En este contexto, el aprendizaje on-line representa una magnífica oportunidad para acceder a contenidos académicos sin tener que dejar de lado el trabajo. No obstante, para garantizar el éxito en la provisión de materiales on-line para estudiantes aprendices, las instituciones politécnicas de todo el mundo deben enfrentar dos retos: la transformación de contenidos de aprendizaje práctico en objetos educativos en línea, y la creación de ambientes educativos en los que los estudiantes se sientan involucrados y participativos. Más aún, en un ambiente de aprendizaje en el que el uso de tecnologías Web 2.0 es primordial, es importante considerar también el nuevo rol del profesor, que se ha convertido en facilitador del aprendizaje. Con el fin de analizar la experiencia educativa on-line de estos estudiantes, se distribuyeron 57 encuestas entre los estudiantes registrados en programas de formación on-line. El artículo presenta las conclusiones de la investigación y las compara con las aportaciones que se han hecho en lo relativo a la nueva generación de estudiantes y su uso de las tecnologías, así como el comportamiento registrado por la muestra de la investigación (preferencias y estilos de aprendizaje, su uso de las nuevas tecnologías. Se plantean igualmente oportunidades innovadoras para conectar aprendizaje y contexto laboral y recomendaciones para futuras investigaciones.This paper presents the ongoing research on the

  4. Dimensional Description of On-line Wear Debris Images for Wear Characterization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Tonghai; PENG Yeping; DU Ying; WANG Junqun

    2014-01-01

    As one of the most wear monitoring indicator, dimensional feature of individual particles has been studied mostly focusing on off-line analytical ferrograph. Recent development in on-line wear monitoring with wear debris images shows that merely wear debris concentration has been extracted from on-line ferrograph images. It remains a bottleneck of obtaining the dimension of on-line particles due to the low resolution, high contamination and particle’s chain pattern of an on-line image sample. In this work, statistical dimension of wear debris in on-line ferrograph images is investigated. A two-step procedure is proposed as follows. First, an on-line ferrograph image is decomposed into four component images with different frequencies. By doing this, the size of each component image is reduced by one fourth, which will increase the efficiency of subsequent processing. The low-frequency image is used for extracting the area of wear debris, and the high-frequency image is adopted for extracting contour. Second, a statistical equivalent circle dimension is constructed by equaling the overall wear debris in the image into equivalent circles referring to the extracted total area and premeter of overall wear debris. The equivalent circle dimension, reflecting the statistical dimension of larger wear debris in an on-line image, is verified by manual measurement. Consequently, two preliminary applications are carried out in gasoline engine bench tests of durability and running-in. Evidently, the equivalent circle dimension, together with the previously developed concentration index, index of particle coverage area (IPCA), show good performances in characterizing engine wear conditions. The proposed dimensional indicator provides a new statistical feature of on-line wear particles for on-line wear monitoring. The new dimensional feature conveys profound information about wear severity.

  5. Escapist Motives for On-line Gaming and Strengthening of Weak Ties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    Due to advances of technology including faster and ubiquitously ac-cessible Internet connection, on-line gaming have grown tremendously in the last couple of years. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether escapist mo-tives for playing games are linked to strengthening of weak ties through...... on-line gaming. The research investigates Facebook and other on-line games separate-ly. A surprising result is that while most of the investigated escapist motives are positively correlated with strengthening of weak ties, the mundane breaking motive is negatively correlated with strengthening...

  6. Escapist Motives for On-line Gaming and Strengthening of Weak Ties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek; Razmerita, Liana

    Due to advances of technology including faster and ubiquitously accessible Internet connection, on-line gaming have grown tremendously in the last couple of years. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether escapist motives for playing games are linked to strengthening of weak ties through on......-line gaming. The research investigates Facebook and other on-line games separately. A surprising result is that while most of the investigated escapist motives are positively correlated with strengthening of weak ties, the mundane breaking motive is negatively correlated with strengthening of weak ties....

  7. On-line and Model-based Approaches to the Visual Control of Action

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Huaiyong; Warren, William H.

    2014-01-01

    Two general approaches to the visual control of action have emerged in last few decades, known as the on-line and model-based approaches. The key difference between them is whether action is controlled by current visual information or on the basis of an internal world model. In this paper, we evaluate three hypotheses: strong on-line control, strong model-based control, and a hybrid solution that combines on-line control with weak off-line strategies. We review experimental research on the co...

  8. Key Technique of Austenitic Stainless Steel on-line Solution Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Sheng-li; LI Wei-juan; LIU Shuang; LI Ying; ZHAO Fei

    2004-01-01

    Generally the methods of solution treatment of austenitic stainless steel are bifurcated on-line solution and off-line solution . For a founded enterprise, it is necessary to find out how to get across alterations and search a measure of on -line solution disposal with less investment and higher efficiency. By studying and analysingin laboratory, several key points and the methods settle them are presented, which offers a new route to realize austenitic stainless steel on-line solution. By reducing the cost greatly, it makes the enterprise larger benefits.

  9. Analisis de la adaptacion a la red en las editoriales on line de cinco paises europeos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garcia Orosa, B; Lopez Garcia, X; Gallur Santorum, S

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Introduccion. El articulo analiza los editoriales de periodicos on line de cinco paises europeos con el objetivo principal de realizar una radiografia de sus caracteristicas y su grado de adaptacion a la red. Metodologia...

  10. Modelling of pulverized coal boilers: review and validation of on-line simulation techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diez, L.I.; Cortes, C.; Campo, A. [University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza (Spain). Centro de Investigacion de Recursos y Consumos Energeticos (CIRCE)

    2005-07-01

    Thermal modelling of large pulverized fuel utility boilers has reached a very remarkable development, through the application of CFD techniques and other advanced mathematical methods. However, due to the computational requirements, on-line monitoring and simulation tools still rely on lumped models and semiempirical approaches, which are often strongly simplified and not well connected with sound theoretical basis. This paper reviews on-line modelling techniques, aiming at the improvement of their capabilities, by means of the revision and modification of conventional lumped models and the integration of off-line CFD predictions. The paper illustrates the coherence of monitoring calculations as well as the validation of the on-line thermal simulator, starting from real operation data from a case-study unit. The outcome is that it is possible to significantly improve the accuracy of on-line calculations provided by conventional models, taking into account the singularities of large combustion systems and coupling offline CFD predictions for selected scenarios.

  11. CODE STEM - Moon, Mars, and Beyond; DLESE-Powered On-Line Classroom Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — "CODE (COrps DEvelopment) STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) ? Moon Mars and Beyond; DLESE-Powered On-Line Classroom" shares the excitement of...

  12. Learning Survival Models with On-Line Simulation Activities in the Actuarial Science Degree

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Antonio Fernandez-Morales

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe an on-line survival laboratory designed to enhance teaching and learning in the Statistics courses of the Actuarial Science Degree of the Uni-versity of Málaga...

  13. Development of an on-line state estimator for fed-batch filamentous fungal fermentations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mears, Lisa; Stocks, Stuart M.; Albæk, Mads O.

    Bioprocesses can be challenging to model due to complex and non-linear process dynamics [1]. In addition there is a lack of robust, on-line sensors for key parameters of interest in the field, such as substrate, product and biomass concentration [2]. These factors lead to limitations in the ability...... to monitor and control bioprocess systems. There is therefore an interest in state estimation, in order to model these key process states based on available on-line measurements [1]. This work discusses the application of a first principle model to pilot scale filamentous fungal fermentation systems operated...... pressure [4], [5]. This stoichiometric-based coupled process model is successfully applied on-line as a state estimator in order to predict the biomass and product concentration, from robust, available on-line measurements. Such state estimators will be valuable as part of control strategy development...

  14. On-Line Monitoring of Fermentation Processes by Near Infrared and Fluorescence Spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Carina

    Monitoring and control of fermentation processes is important to ensure high product yield, product quality and product consistency. More knowledge on on-line analytical techniques such as near infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy is desired in the fermentation industry to increase the efficiency...... of on-line monitoring systems. The primary aim of this thesis is to elucidate and explore the dynamics in fermentation processes by spectroscopy. Though a number of successful on-line lab-scale monitoring systems have been reported, it seems that several challenges are still met, which limits the number...... for on-line monitoring if corrections or preventive measures during the quantification are carried out. The findings presented in this thesis have enabled the possibility of obtaining a better process understanding and to ease monitoring and controlling of fermentation processes....

  15. On Line Spectrophotometric Measurement of Uranium and Nitrate in H Canyon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lascola, R.J.

    2002-10-15

    This report describes the on-line instrumentation developed by the Analytical Development Section of Savannah River Technology Center in support of Highly Enriched Uranium Blend Down processing in H Canyon.

  16. Using a strengths model to build an on-line nursing education program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieck, K Lynn; Alfred, Danita; Haas, Barbara K; Yarbrough, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The on-line environment is the new frontier for academia struggling to define its place in the evolving economy. A concern is how to engage students who maximize their on-line experience and graduate in a timely manner. A strengths model was used as the basis for development of an on-line doctoral nursing program. Upon entering the program, students were given a strengths assessment that focused both students and faculty on the positive attributes students were bringing to their doctoral studies. A positive feedback methodology using on-line discussions in each course was used to support the identified strengths. The optimal picture of a successful entering doctoral student appears to be a person whose top five strengths are learner, achiever, input, connectedness and responsibility. A strengths model promotes a positive learning environment and supports a teacher-learner dynamic where faculty members are encouraged to focus on the students' strengths rather than their challenges.

  17. First on-line $\\beta$-NMR on oriented nuclei magnetic dipole moments of the $\

    CERN Document Server

    Giles, T; Stone, N J; Van Esbroeck, K; White, G; Wöhr, A; Veskovic, M; Towner, I S; Mantica, P F; Prisciandaro, J I; Morrissey, D J; Fedosseev, V; Mishin, V I; Köster, U; Walters, W B

    2000-01-01

    The first fully on-line use of the angular distribution of $\\beta$ - emission in detection of NMR of nuclei oriented at low temperatures is reported. The magnetic moments of the single valence particle, intermediate mass, isotopes $^{67}$Ni($\

  18. Integrated electrochemical sensor array for on-line monitoring of yeast fermentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krommenhoek, E.E.; Gardeniers, Johannes G.E.; Bomer, Johan G.; Li, X.; Ottens, M.; van Dedem, G.W.K.; van Leeuwen, M.; van Gulik, W.M.; van der Wielen, L.A.M.; Heijnen, J.J.; van den Berg, Albert

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the design, modeling, and experimental characterization of an electrochemical sensor array for on-line monitoring of fermentor conditions in both miniaturized cell assays and in industrial scale fertnentations. The viable biomass concentration is determined from impedance

  19. On-line Flagging of Anomalies and Adaptive Sequential Hypothesis Testing for Fine-feature Characterization of Geosynchronous Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, A.; Payne, T.; Kinateder, K.; Dao, P.; Beecher, E.; Boone, D.; Elliott, B.

    The objective of on-line flagging in this paper is to perform interactive assessment of geosynchronous satellites anomalies such as cross-tagging of a satellites in a cluster, solar panel offset change, etc. This assessment will utilize a Bayesian belief propagation procedure and will include automated update of baseline signature data for the satellite, while accounting for the seasonal changes. Its purpose is to enable an ongoing, automated assessment of satellite behavior through its life cycle using the photometry data collected during the synoptic search performed by a ground or space-based sensor as a part of its metrics mission. The change in the satellite features will be reported along with the probabilities of Type I and Type II errors. The objective of adaptive sequential hypothesis testing in this paper is to define future sensor tasking for the purpose of characterization of fine features of the satellite. The tasking will be designed in order to maximize new information with the least number of photometry data points to be collected during the synoptic search by a ground or space-based sensor. Its calculation is based on the utilization of information entropy techniques. The tasking is defined by considering a sequence of hypotheses in regard to the fine features of the satellite. The optimal observation conditions are then ordered in order to maximize new information about a chosen fine feature. The combined objective of on-line flagging and adaptive sequential hypothesis testing is to progressively discover new information about the features of a geosynchronous satellites by leveraging the regular but sparse cadence of data collection during the synoptic search performed by a ground or space-based sensor. Automated Algorithm to Detect Changes in Geostationary Satellite's Configuration and Cross-Tagging Phan Dao, Air Force Research Laboratory/RVB By characterizing geostationary satellites based on photometry and color photometry, analysts can

  20. Evolutionary Graph Drawing Algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Jing-wei; Wei Wen-fang

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, graph drawing algorithms based on genetic algorithms are designed for general undirected graphs and directed graphs. As being shown, graph drawing algorithms designed by genetic algorithms have the following advantages: the frames of the algorithms are unified, the method is simple, different algorithms may be attained by designing different objective functions, therefore enhance the reuse of the algorithms. Also, aesthetics or constrains may be added to satisfy different requirements.

  1. On line high dose static position monitoring by ionization chamber detector for industrial gamma irradiators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Ary A; Vieira, Jose M; Hamada, Margarida M

    2010-01-01

    A 1 cm(3) cylindrical ionization chamber was developed to measure high doses on line during the sample irradiation in static position, in a (60)Co industrial plant. The developed ionization chamber showed to be suitable for use as a dosimeter on line. A good linearity of the detector was found between the dose and the accumulated charge, independently of the different dose rates caused by absorbing materials.

  2. On-line marketing - princip aukce mění svět reklamy.

    OpenAIRE

    Jankovič, Zdeněk

    2009-01-01

    Diploma thesis 'On-line marketing - Principle of an auction changes the world of advertising' is about internet as a medium, on-line commercial communications, search engines and performance marketing. This thesis is divided into three parts. First part is about internet as a medium and actual situation on the Czech internet market. Second part describes a marketing communication mix on the internet, forms of online advertisement and pros and cons of online advertising. Third part deals with ...

  3. Preferred Methods of Learning for Nursing Students in an On-Line Degree Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampton, Debra; Pearce, Patricia F; Moser, Debra K

    Investigators have demonstrated that on-line courses result in effective learning outcomes, but limited information has been published related to preferred teaching strategies. Delivery of on-line courses requires various teaching methods to facilitate interaction between students, content, and technology. The purposes of this study were to understand student teaching/learning preferences in on-line courses to include (a) differences in preferred teaching/learning methods for on-line nursing students across generations and (b) which teaching strategies students found to be most engaging and effective. Participants were recruited from 2 accredited, private school nursing programs (N=944) that admit students from across the United States and deliver courses on-line. Participants provided implied consent, and 217 (23%) students completed the on-line survey. Thirty-two percent of the students were from the Baby Boomer generation (1946-1964), 48% from Generation X (1965-1980), and 20% from the Millennial Generation (born after 1980). The preferred teaching/learning methods for students were videos or narrated PowerPoint presentations, followed by synchronous Adobe Connect educations sessions, assigned journal article reading, and e-mail dialog with the instructor. The top 2 methods identified by participants as the most energizing/engaging and most effective for learning were videos or narrated PowerPoint presentations and case studies. The teaching/learning method least preferred by participants and that was the least energizing/engaging was group collaborative projects with other students; the method that was the least effective for learning was wikis. Baby Boomers and Generation X participants had a significantly greater preference for discussion board (Plearning (Pteaching/learning methods for on-line students. Faculty need to incorporate various teaching methodologies within on-line courses to include both synchronous and asynchronous activities and interactive and

  4. On line high dose static position monitoring by ionization chamber detector for industrial gamma irradiators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Ary A. [Universidade Estadual de Londrina-Depto de Fisica, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, km 38, 086051-990 Londrina (Brazil); Vieira, Jose M. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares-IPEN/CNEN-SP, Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2242-Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Hamada, Margarida M. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares-IPEN/CNEN-SP, Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2242-Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil)], E-mail: mmhamada@ipen.br

    2010-04-15

    A 1 cm{sup 3} cylindrical ionization chamber was developed to measure high doses on line during the sample irradiation in static position, in a {sup 60}Co industrial plant. The developed ionization chamber showed to be suitable for use as a dosimeter on line. A good linearity of the detector was found between the dose and the accumulated charge, independently of the different dose rates caused by absorbing materials.

  5. On-line Identification of the DC motor Parameters by using Least Mean Square Recursive Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Gaiceanu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The on-line least square parameters (electrical and mechanical identification method of the separately DC motor is presented in this paper. The parameters of the DC machine are time dependent; therefore, for the DC drive control the on-line parameters identification procedure is mandatory. By knowing accurately the DC motor parameters, the parameters of the DC speed and current cascade controllers can be obtained.

  6. Algorithmic chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fontana, W.

    1990-12-13

    In this paper complex adaptive systems are defined by a self- referential loop in which objects encode functions that act back on these objects. A model for this loop is presented. It uses a simple recursive formal language, derived from the lambda-calculus, to provide a semantics that maps character strings into functions that manipulate symbols on strings. The interaction between two functions, or algorithms, is defined naturally within the language through function composition, and results in the production of a new function. An iterated map acting on sets of functions and a corresponding graph representation are defined. Their properties are useful to discuss the behavior of a fixed size ensemble of randomly interacting functions. This function gas'', or Turning gas'', is studied under various conditions, and evolves cooperative interaction patterns of considerable intricacy. These patterns adapt under the influence of perturbations consisting in the addition of new random functions to the system. Different organizations emerge depending on the availability of self-replicators.

  7. SkyMouse: A smart interface for astronomical on-line resources and services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI ChenZhou; SUN HuaPing; ZHAO YongHeng; LUO Yu; QI DaZhi

    2008-01-01

    With the development of network and the World Wide Web (WWW), the Internet has been growing and changing dramatically. More and more on-line database systems and different kinds of services are available for astronomy research. How to help users find their way through the jungle of information services becomes an important challenge. Although astronomers have been aware of the importance of interoperability and introduced the concept of Virtual Observatory as a uniform environment for future astronomical on-line resources and services, transparent access to heterogeneous on-line information is still difficult. SkyMouse is a lightweight interface for distributed astronomical on-line resources and services, which is designed and developed by us, i.e., Chinese Virtual Observatory project. Taking ad-vantage of screen word-capturing technology, different kinds of information systems can be queried through simple mouse actions, and results are returned in a uniform web page. SkyMouse is an easy to use application, aiming to show basic information or to create a comprehensive overview of a specific astronomical object. In this paper current status of on-line resources and services access is reviewed; system architecture, features and functions of SkyMouse are described; challenges for intelligent in-terface for on-line astronomical resources and services are discussed.

  8. PROFILES AND PREFERENCES OF ON-LINE MILLENIAL SHOPPERS IN BULGARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia R. Loubeau

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This research seeks to develop a better understanding of the factors affecting on-line purchasing behavior among Generation Y (Gen Y consumers in Bulgaria. Also called millenials and born between the mid-1970s and late 1990s, this generation is especially active on-line and will be a dominant influence shaping e-commerce. An empirical study was conducted based on a written survey of a sample consisting of 367 high school and university students in Bulgaria. The most important reason why Bulgarian young people shop on-line is the pursuit of unique products not locally available, followed by convenience and better pricing, and their favorite category of internet purchases is “Apparel and Accessories.” Bulgarian millennials are using the internet to shop for trendy fashion and to obtain a variety of brands that are unavailable locally. Like other regions of the world, concern about financial transactions security is a major barrier limiting the willingness to shop on-line in Bulgaria. Unlike other markets where on-line music purchases are growing, high levels of digital piracy in Bulgaria strongly discourage Bulgarian students from purchasing music on-line. One limitation of this study arises because of its reliance on a convenience sample of students from medium sized cities in Southern Bulgaria. Further research employing stratified random sampling across Bulgaria is needed to assess whether the findings are broadly generalizable for the Gen Y population.

  9. Process Analytical Technology and On-Line Spectroscopic Measurements of Chemical Meat Quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Klavs Martin

    This thesis deals with process analytical technology and how it can be implemented in the meat industry through on-line grading of chemical meat quality. The focus will be on two applications, namely the rapid quality control of fat quality and the development of a method for on-line detection of...... quality, but also with environmental issues such as energy and water use and animal welfare. Future research into the technologies will ultimately allow broad on-line screening of biomarkers, leading to on-line metabolomics......This thesis deals with process analytical technology and how it can be implemented in the meat industry through on-line grading of chemical meat quality. The focus will be on two applications, namely the rapid quality control of fat quality and the development of a method for on-line detection...... of boar taint. The chemical makeup of fat has a large effect on meat cut quality. Fat quality has traditionally been determined by methylation of a tissue sample followed by chromatography on a GC-MS system, elucidating the composition of the individual fatty acids. As this procedure typically takes far...

  10. An algorithm for redundant binary bit-pipelined rational arithmetic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kornerup, P. (Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Science, Odense Universitet, Odense (DK)); Matula, D.W. (Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (US))

    1990-08-01

    The authors introduce a redundant binary representation of the rationals and an associated algorithm for computing the sum, difference, product, quotient, and other useful functions of two rational operands, employing our representation. The authors' algorithm extends Gosper's partial quotient arithmetic algorithm and allows the design of an on-line arithmetic unit with computations granularized at the signed bit level. Each input or output port can independently be set to receive/produce operands/result in either binary radix or our binary rational representation. The authors investigate by simulation the interconnection of several such units for the parallel computation of more complicated expressions in a tree-pipelined manner, with particular regards to measuring individual and compound on-line delays.

  11. Development of an artificial neural network model for on-line thermal margin estimation of a nuclear reactor core

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Koon

    1992-02-15

    One of the key safety parameters related to thermal margin in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) core, is Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio (DNBR), which is to be assessed and continuously monitored during operation via either an analog or a digital monitoring system. The digital monitoring system, in general, allows more thermal margin than the analog system through the on-line computation of DNBR using the measured parameters as inputs to a simplified, fast running computer code. The purpose of this thesis is to develop an advanced method for on-line DNBR estimation by introducing an artifactual neural network model for best-estimation of DNBR at the given reactor operating conditions. the neural network model, consisting of three layers with five operating parameters in the input layer, provides real-time prediction accuracy of DNBR by training the network against the detailed simulation results for various operating conditions. The overall training procedure is developed to learn the characteristics of DNBR behaviour in the reactor core. First, a set of random combination of input variables is generated by Latin Hypercube Sampling technique performed on a wide range of input parameters. Second, the target values of DNBR to be referenced for training are calculated using a detailed simulation code, COBRA-IV. Third, the optimized training input data are selected. Then, training is performed using an Error Back Propagation algorithm. After completion of training, the network is tested on the examining data set in order to investigate the generalization capability of the network responses for the steady state operating condition as well as for the transient situations where DNB is of a primary concern. The test results show that the values of DNBR predicted by the neural network are maintained at a high level of accuracy for the steady state condition, and are in good agreements with the transient situation, although slightly conservative as compared to those

  12. Enhancing communication skills for pediatric visits through on-line training using video demonstrations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wissow Larry

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Training in communication skills for health professionals is important, but there are substantial barriers to individual in-person training for practicing clinicians. We evaluated the feasibility and desirability of on-line training and sought suggestions for future courses. Methods Based on successful in-person curricula for communication skills and our previous on-line curricula, we created an on-line course consisting of 28 modules (4.75 hours CME credit about communication skills during pediatric visits that included a mental health concern; each module included a brief case, a multiple choice question, an explanation, and a 1–2 minute video demonstrating key skills. Specific communication skills included: greeting, setting an agenda, discussing diagnosis and treatment, and managing negative interactions. The course was announced by emails in spring, 2007; the course was available on-line for 60 days; we aimed to enroll 50 clinicians. Outcomes were analyzed for those who evaluated the course within 75 days of its initial availability. Results Overall, 61 clinicians registered, of whom most were nurses (N = 24, physicians (N = 22, or psychologists or social workers (N = 12. Of the 36 (59% clinicians who evaluated the course, over 85% agreed that all course objectives had been met; over 90% reported greater confidence in greetings and agenda-setting; and over 80% reported greater confidence in discussing diagnosis and treatment and managing negative interactions. Nearly all, 97% would recommend the course to other clinicians and trainees. Suggestions for improvement included a library of additional video vignettes and written materials to accompany the on-line training. Conclusion On-line training in communication skills for pediatric mental health visits is feasible, desirable and associated with increased confidence in key skills. Positive feedback from clinicians suggests that a comparison of on-line versus in

  13. Selecting materialized views using random algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Lijuan; Hao, Zhongxiao; Liu, Chi

    2007-04-01

    The data warehouse is a repository of information collected from multiple possibly heterogeneous autonomous distributed databases. The information stored at the data warehouse is in form of views referred to as materialized views. The selection of the materialized views is one of the most important decisions in designing a data warehouse. Materialized views are stored in the data warehouse for the purpose of efficiently implementing on-line analytical processing queries. The first issue for the user to consider is query response time. So in this paper, we develop algorithms to select a set of views to materialize in data warehouse in order to minimize the total view maintenance cost under the constraint of a given query response time. We call it query_cost view_ selection problem. First, cost graph and cost model of query_cost view_ selection problem are presented. Second, the methods for selecting materialized views by using random algorithms are presented. The genetic algorithm is applied to the materialized views selection problem. But with the development of genetic process, the legal solution produced become more and more difficult, so a lot of solutions are eliminated and producing time of the solutions is lengthened in genetic algorithm. Therefore, improved algorithm has been presented in this paper, which is the combination of simulated annealing algorithm and genetic algorithm for the purpose of solving the query cost view selection problem. Finally, in order to test the function and efficiency of our algorithms experiment simulation is adopted. The experiments show that the given methods can provide near-optimal solutions in limited time and works better in practical cases. Randomized algorithms will become invaluable tools for data warehouse evolution.

  14. Algorithm Animation with Galant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallmann, Matthias F

    2017-01-01

    Although surveys suggest positive student attitudes toward the use of algorithm animations, it is not clear that they improve learning outcomes. The Graph Algorithm Animation Tool, or Galant, challenges and motivates students to engage more deeply with algorithm concepts, without distracting them with programming language details or GUIs. Even though Galant is specifically designed for graph algorithms, it has also been used to animate other algorithms, most notably sorting algorithms.

  15. On-Line Retrieval System Design; Part V of Scientific Report No. ISR-18, Information Storage and Retrieval...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Dept. of Computer Science.

    On-line retrieval system design is discussed in the two papers which make up Part Five of this report on Salton's Magical Automatic Retriever of Texts (SMART) project report. The first paper: "A Prototype On-Line Document Retrieval System" by D. Williamson and R. Williamson outlines a design for a SMART on-line document retrieval system…

  16. Research of on-line monitoring method for insulation condition of power transformer bushing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Jiuyun; Qian, Zheng; Yu, Hao; Yao, Junda

    2016-01-01

    The power transformer is the key equipment of the power system; its insulation condition will directly influence the security and reliability of the power system. Thus, the on-line monitoring of power transformer is urgently required in order to guarantee the normal operation of the power system. Moreover, the dielectric loss factor is a significant parameter reflecting the condition of transformer bushing, so the on-line measurement of dielectric loss factor is really important. In this paper, the phase-to-phase comparison method is selected as the on-line monitoring method based on the overall analysis and discussion of the existing on-line monitoring methods. At first, the harmonic analysis method is utilized to calculate the dielectric loss of each phase of the three-phase transformer bushing, and then the differences of dielectric loss between every two phases are calculated and analyzed. So the insulation condition of each bushing could be achieved based on the careful analysis of different phase-to-phase dielectric loss. The simulation results of phase-to-phase comparison method are carried out in this paper, and the validity is verified. At last, this method is utilized in an actual equipment of on-line monitoring.

  17. Comportamento do Consumidor On-line: a perspectiva da teoria do fluxoOn-line Consumer Behavior: the flow theory perspectiveComportamiento del consumidor On-line: la perspectiva de la teoría del flujo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FARIAS, Salomão Alencar de

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo investiga o comportamento do consumidor on-line com base no fluxo, definido como a sensação holística que as pessoas sentem quando agem com total envolvimento em uma atividade (CSIKSZENTMIHALYI, 1975. Emprega-se essa teoria para melhor compreender o comportamento de compra pela Internet, embora seja um conceito ainda confuso na literatura do comportamento do consumidor, pois que não existe um consenso a respeito de quais os fatores antecedem, caracterizam ou são conseqüências do estado de fluxo. Desse modo, esta pesquisa buscou identificar os construtos, relacionados ao estado de fluxo, que devem fazer parte de um esquema de comportamento de compra on-line, além de indicar qual a sua aplicabilidade para o alcance da satisfação do consumidor na compra pela rede. Para tanto, foi utilizada uma metodologia de caráter descritivo com aplicação de um survey junto a uma amostra de 237 consumidores do varejo eletrônico. Os dados coletados foram analisados por meio de técnicas estatísticas multivariadas. Os resultados indicaram que o ambiente on-line e a telepresença antecedem o fluxo que, por sua vez, está associado ao comportamento exploratório, efeito positivo do processo de navegação, compra e satisfação com o processo de compra.ABSTRACTThis article investigates the on-line consumer behavior based on the flow theory, defined as the holistic sensation that people feel when acting with total involvement in an activity (CSIKSZENTMIHALYI, 1975. This theory has been used for better understanding the purchase behavior through the Internet, although this concept is still not sufficiently clear in consumer behavior literature, since it does not exist a consensus regarding which factors that precede, characterize or are consequences of the flow state. Thus, the present research was aimed at identifying the constructs related to the flow state that must be part of an on-line purchase behavior framework, indicating which

  18. Nonlinear predictive control of a boiler-turbine unit: A state-space approach with successive on-line model linearisation and quadratic optimisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ławryńczuk, Maciej

    2017-03-01

    This paper details development of a Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm for a boiler-turbine unit, which is a nonlinear multiple-input multiple-output process. The control objective is to follow set-point changes imposed on two state (output) variables and to satisfy constraints imposed on three inputs and one output. In order to obtain a computationally efficient control scheme, the state-space model is successively linearised on-line for the current operating point and used for prediction. In consequence, the future control policy is easily calculated from a quadratic optimisation problem. For state estimation the extended Kalman filter is used. It is demonstrated that the MPC strategy based on constant linear models does not work satisfactorily for the boiler-turbine unit whereas the discussed algorithm with on-line successive model linearisation gives practically the same trajectories as the truly nonlinear MPC controller with nonlinear optimisation repeated at each sampling instant. Copyright © 2017 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. On-Line Life Monitoring Technique for Tube Bundles of Boiler High-Temperature Heating Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Dong; Wang Zhongyuan

    2005-01-01

    High-temperature heating surface such as superheater and reheater of large-sized utility boiler all experiences a relatively severe working conditions. The failure of boiler tubes will directly impact the safe and economic operation of boiler. An on-line life monitoring model of high-temperature heating surface was set up according to the well-known L-M formula of the creep damages. The tube wall metal temperature and working stress was measured by on-line monitoring, and with this model, the real-time calculation of the life expenditure of the heating surface tube bundles were realized. Based on the technique the on-line life monitoring and management system of high-temperature heating surface was developed for a 300 MW utility boiler. An effective device was thus suggested for the implementation of the safe operation and the condition-based maintenance of utility boilers.

  20. On-line Shopping on B2C Markets in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilík Michal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the e-commerce theory and is aimed primarily at its usage in business-toconsumer markets. On-line purchasing management is increasing not only in the Czech Republic but also in Europe and all over the world. The customers who think rationally use on-line shopping because of money saving, speed delivery and the possibility of product comparison. This paper presents the results of a project financed by the Czech Science Foundation P403/11/ P175: The factors influencing customers’ on-line behaviour in e-commerce environment on B2C and B2B markets in the Czech Republic. 89 % of respondents use e-shops for buying products in the Czech Republic. 32 % of them use the Internet for regular purchases and 57 % of them irregularly. 11 % of respondents have not used e-shops yet.

  1. Administering Spatial and Cognitive Instruments In-class and On-line: Are These Equivalent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Kenneth C.; Williamson, Vickie M.; Hinze, Scott R.

    2017-02-01

    Standardized, well-established paper-and-pencil tests, which measure spatial abilities or which measure reasoning abilities, have long been found to be predictive of success in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields. Instructors can use these tests for prediction of success and to inform instruction. A comparative administration of spatial visualization and cognitive reasoning tests, between in-class (proctored paper and pencil) and on-line (unproctored Internet) ( N = 457), was used to investigate and to determine whether the differing instrument formats yielded equal measures of spatial ability and reasoning ability in large first-semester general chemistry sections. Although some gender differences were found, findings suggest that some differences across administration formats, but that on-line administration had similar properties of predicting chemistry performance as the in-class version. Therefore, on-line administration is a viable option for instructors to consider especially when dealing with large classes.

  2. Research on the Influence of Perceived Risk in Consumer On-line Purchasing Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Zhao; Yi, Li

    Perceived risk is an important factor that affects consumer's on-line shopping purchasing decision, through the perceived theories the consumer can know clearly which step owns higher risk in the whole shopping process, then learn how to prevent it, this process also strengthen the consumer confidence, thus lowering to know that the risk adjudicate to the feeling, so the essay has important and realistic meaning for further expand the electronic commerce. At first, investigate, collect, tidy up, analyze the questionnaire information, and thus get the primary data. Finally try to find out the influence of perceived risk to each stage of purchasing decision during consumer on-line shopping process with data and personal analytical. The paper is a complement to the local and existing perceived theories. The result of the study manifests that, the order of main perceived risks which felt by consumer during on-line shopping process are as follow: financial risk, the performance risk and service risk.

  3. Process Analytical Technology and On-Line Spectroscopic Measurements of Chemical Meat Quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Klavs Martin

    This thesis deals with process analytical technology and how it can be implemented in the meat industry through on-line grading of chemical meat quality. The focus will be on two applications, namely the rapid quality control of fat quality and the development of a method for on-line detection...... of boar taint. The chemical makeup of fat has a large effect on meat cut quality. Fat quality has traditionally been determined by methylation of a tissue sample followed by chromatography on a GC-MS system, elucidating the composition of the individual fatty acids. As this procedure typically takes far...... on surgical castration will be in effect starting 2018. With the ban, the risk of meat products with the malodorous taint reaching the consumer is highly increased, and thus, detection of boar taint is a necessity. No current on-line detection system is available; the only alternative is chemical extraction...

  4. Force-reflecting teleoperation of robots based on on-line correction of a virtual model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wei; SONG Aiguo; LI Huijun

    2007-01-01

    Virtual reality is an effective method to eliminate the influence of time delay.However,it depends on the precision of the virtual model.In this paper,we introduce a method that corrects the virtual model on-line to establish a more precise model.The geometric errors of the virtual model were corrected on-line by overlapping the graphics over the images and also by syncretizing the position and force information from the remote.Then the sliding average least squares (SALS)method was adopted to determine the mass,damp,and stiffness of the remote environment and use this information to amend the dynamic model of the environment.Experimental results demonstrate that the on-line correction method we proposed can effectively reduce the impact caused by time delay,and improve the operational performance of the teleoperation system.

  5. Administering Spatial and Cognitive Instruments In-class and On-line: Are These Equivalent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Kenneth C.; Williamson, Vickie M.; Hinze, Scott R.

    2016-08-01

    Standardized, well-established paper-and-pencil tests, which measure spatial abilities or which measure reasoning abilities, have long been found to be predictive of success in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields. Instructors can use these tests for prediction of success and to inform instruction. A comparative administration of spatial visualization and cognitive reasoning tests, between in-class (proctored paper and pencil) and on-line (unproctored Internet) (N = 457), was used to investigate and to determine whether the differing instrument formats yielded equal measures of spatial ability and reasoning ability in large first-semester general chemistry sections. Although some gender differences were found, findings suggest that some differences across administration formats, but that on-line administration had similar properties of predicting chemistry performance as the in-class version. Therefore, on-line administration is a viable option for instructors to consider especially when dealing with large classes.

  6. On-Line Fast Motor Fault Diagnostics Based on Fuzzy Neural Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Mingchui; CHEANG Takson; CHAN Sileong

    2009-01-01

    An on-line method was developed to improve diagnostic accuracy and speed for analyzing run-ning motors on site. On-line pre-measured data was used as the basis for constructing the membership functions used in a fuzzy neural network (FNN) as well as for network training to reduce the effects of vari-ous static factors, such as unbalanced input power and asymmetrical motor alignment, to increase accuracy.The preprocessed data and fuzzy logic were used to find the nonlinear mapping relationships between the data and the conclusions. The FNN was then constructed to carry motor fault diagnostics, which gives fast accurate diagnostics. The on-line fast motor fault diagnostics clearly indicate the fault type, location, and severity in running motors. This approach can also be extended to other applications.

  7. PF-OLA: A High-Performance Framework for Parallel On-Line Aggregation

    CERN Document Server

    Qin, Chengjie

    2012-01-01

    On-line aggregation provides estimates to the final result of a computation during the actual processing. The user can stop the computation as soon as the estimate is accurate enough, typically early in the execution. This allows for the interactive data exploration of the largest datasets. In this paper we introduce the first framework for parallel on-line aggregation in which the estimation does not incur any overhead on top of the actual execution. We define a generic interface to express any estimation model that abstracts completely the execution details. We design a novel estimator specifically targeted at parallel on- line aggregation. When executed by the framework over an 8TB TPC-H instance, the estimator provides accurate confidence bounds early in the execution even when the cardinality of the final result is seven orders of magnitude smaller than the dataset size and without incurring any overhead.

  8. On-line interprofessional learning: introducing constructivism through enquiry-based learning and peer review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Matthew; Ventura, Susie; Dando, Mark

    2004-08-01

    Interest in on-line methods of learning has accelerated in recent years. There has also been an interest in developing student-centred approaches to learning and interprofessional education. This paper illustrates the issues in designing a large (more than 700 students), on-line, inter-professional module for third year, undergraduate students drawn from nine professional healthcare courses and from four campus sites. It uses an enquiry-based learning approach. The learning theories of Piaget, Vygotsky and Schön are integrated with the on-line frameworks of Salmon and Collis et al., together with conclusions drawn from the literature and our own experiences, to produce a design that encourages students to learn through participation, re-iteration, peer-review and reflection. Consideration is given to improving student motivation and attitudes towards change, both in the design and the delivery of the module.

  9. Treatment of hepatic encephalopathy by on-line hemodiafiltration: a case series study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiyama Mitsugi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is thought that a good survival rate of patients with acute liver failure can be achieved by establishing an artificial liver support system that reliably compensates liver function until the liver regenerates or a patient undergoes transplantation. We introduced a new artificial liver support system, on-line hemodiafiltration, in patients with acute liver failure. Methods This case series study was conducted from May 2001 to October 2008 at the medical intensive care unit of a tertiary care academic medical center. Seventeen consecutive patients who admitted to our hospital presenting with acute liver failure were treated with artificial liver support including daily on-line hemodiafiltration and plasma exchange. Results After 4.9 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD on-line hemodiafiltration sessions, 16 of 17 (94.1% patients completely recovered from hepatic encephalopathy and maintained consciousness for 16.4 ± 3.4 (7-55 days until discontinuation of artificial liver support (a total of 14.4 ± 2.6 [6-47] on-line hemodiafiltration sessions. Significant correlation was observed between the degree of encephalopathy and number of sessions of on-line HDF required for recovery of consciousness. Of the 16 patients who recovered consciousness, 7 fully recovered and returned to society with no cognitive sequelae, 3 died of complications of acute liver failure except brain edema, and the remaining 6 were candidates for liver transplantation; 2 of them received living-related liver transplantation but 4 died without transplantation after discontinuation of therapy. Conclusions On-line hemodiafiltration was effective in patients with acute liver failure, and consciousness was maintained for the duration of artificial liver support, even in those in whom it was considered that hepatic function was completely abolished.

  10. PROFILES AND PREFERENCES OF ON-LINE MILLENIAL SHOPPERS IN BULGARIA

    OpenAIRE

    Loubeau, Patricia R.; Robert Jantzen; Elitsa Alexander

    2014-01-01

    This research seeks to develop a better understanding of the factors affecting on-line purchasing behavior among Generation Y (Gen Y) consumers in Bulgaria. Also called millenials and born between the mid-1970s and late 1990s, this generation is especially active on-line and will be a dominant influence shaping e-commerce. An empirical study was conducted based on a written survey of a sample consisting of 367 high school and university students in Bulgaria. The most important reason why Bulg...

  11. On-line monitoring of fermentation processes using multi-wavelength fluorescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Odman, Peter; Petersen, Nanna; Johansen, Claus Lindvald

    2007-01-01

    Fermentation processes often suffer from a lack of real-time methods for on-line determination of variables like the concentrations of nutrients and products. This work aims at investigating the possibilities of implementing an on-line fermentation monitoring system based on multi....... The model system considered in this work is the antibiotic production by Streptomyces coelicolor, a filamentous bacterium. In addition to predicting concentrations of biomass in the fermentation broth, the data allowed detection of different physiological states, i.e. growth phase and phosphate limitation...

  12. The design and implementation of on-line monitoring system for UHV compact shunt capacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Weiliang; Ni, Xuefeng; Lin, Hao; Jiang, Shengbao

    2017-08-01

    Because of the large capacity and compact structure of the UHV compact shunt capacitor, it is difficult to take effective measures to detect and prevent the faults. If the fault capacitor fails to take timely maintenance, it will pose a threat to the safe operation of the system and the life safety of the maintenance personnel. The development of UHV compact shunt capacitor on-line monitoring system can detect and record the on-line operation information of UHV compact shunt capacitors, analyze and evaluate the early fault warning signs, find out the fault capacitor or the capacitor with fault symptom, to ensure safe and reliable operation of the system.

  13. On-line Monitoring of Epoxy Resin Exposed to Acid Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuyan LIU; M.Kubouchi; H.Sembokuya; K.Tsuda; T.Tomiyama

    2006-01-01

    In this study, a new on-line health monitoring technology for the determination of the penetration of environment solution into epoxy resin was pursued. A corrosion sensor including plastic optical fiber and pH indicator was fabricated. The color-change layer of this sensor appeared after immersion in sulfuric acid solution, which could be examined by using optical fiber and spectrophotometer. The results showed that the penetration of sulfuric acid was detected by adding bromophenol blue (BPB) in the corrosion sensor. This system could be applied to on-line health monitoring of chemical equipment structures.

  14. The financial crisis impact on the Romanian on-line advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duguleană, L.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The last trimester of 2008 brought a 4.4% GDP decrease for the Romanian economy. Due to the new financial constraints, Romanian companies started to look for ways to manage and promote their product efficiently. The World Wide Web became the place where products were relocated and on-line advertising proved to be a cheaper and faster way to access customers. This paper aims to analyze the dynamics of the Romanian web, the new challenges for site owners and the opportunities of today’s on-line marketing.

  15. Process Identification in On-line Optimizing Control, an Application to a Heat Pump

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten C. Svensson

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to focus on on-line state and parameter estimation in connection with on-line model-based optimizing control of continuous processes. A nonlinear programming approach is used to estimate unmeasured state variables and parameters in systems modelled by nonlinear differential-algebraic equations. The nonlinear dynamic model is discretized by orthogonal collocation on finite elements, and the moving-horizon approach is used to reduce the dimension of the final optimization problem.

  16. On-line Professional Learning Communities: Increasing Teacher Learning and Productivity in Isolated Rural Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Salazar

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available On-line and distance professional learning communities provides teachers with increased access and flexibility as well as the combination of work and education. It also provides a more learner-centered approach, enrichment and new ways of interacting with teachers in isolated rural areas. For educational administrators, on-line learning offers high quality and usually cost-effective professional development for teachers. It allows upgrading of skills, increased productivity and development of a new learning culture. At the same time, it means sharing of costs, of training time, increased portability of training, and the exchange of creativity, information, and dialogue.

  17. On-line Peer Review in Teaching Design-oriented Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Ning

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Peer review has been one of the very important designfacilitating processes practiced in education field, particularly in design-oriented courses such as MIT's 2.007 Robot Design. Typically students exchange ideas sketched on a piece of paper and critique on each other's design within a small team. We designed PREP web application backed up by a range of web services that handle the peer-review process on-line, and we argue that this is a significant step towards supporting designoriented course on-line. We believe that the lessons learned could be applied to other interested institutes that offer designoriented courses.

  18. Machine Learning Algorithms in Web Page Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.A.AWAD

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we use machine learning algorithms like SVM, KNN and GIS to perform a behaviorcomparison on the web pages classifications problem, from the experiment we see in the SVM with smallnumber of negative documents to build the centroids has the smallest storage requirement and the least online test computation cost. But almost all GIS with different number of nearest neighbors have an evenhigher storage requirement and on line test computation cost than KNN. This suggests that some futurework should be done to try to reduce the storage requirement and on list test cost of GIS.

  19. Evaluation of an on-line methodology for measuring volatile organic compounds (VOC) fluxes by eddy-covariance with a PTR-TOF-Qi-MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubet, Benjamin; Buysse, Pauline; Lafouge, Florence; Ciuraru, Raluca; Decuq, Céline; Zurfluh, Olivier

    2017-04-01

    Field scale flux measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOC) are essential for improving our knowledge of VOC emissions from ecosystems. Many VOCs are emitted from and deposited to ecosystems. Especially less known, are crops which represent more than 50% of French terrestrial surfaces. In this study, we evaluate a new on-line methodology for measuring VOC fluxes by Eddy Covariance with a PTR-Qi-TOF-MS. Measurements were performed at the ICOS FR-GRI site over a crop using a 30 m long high flow rate sampling line and an ultrasonic anemometer. A Labview program was specially designed for acquisition and on-line covariance calculation: Whole mass spectra ( 240000 channels) were acquired on-line at 10 Hz and stored in a temporary memory. Every 5 minutes, the spectra were mass-calibrated and normalized by the primary ion peak integral at 10 Hz. The mass spectra peaks were then retrieved from the 5-min averaged spectra by withdrawing the baseline, determining the resolution and using a multiple-peak detection algorithm. In order to optimize the peak detection algorithm for the covariance, we determined the covariances as the integrals of the peaks of the vertical-air-velocity-fluctuation weighed-averaged-spectra. In other terms, we calculate , were w is the vertical component of the air velocity, Sp is the spectra, t is time, lag is the decorrelation lag time and denotes an average. The lag time was determined as the decorrelation time between w and the primary ion (at mass 21.022) which integrates the contribution of all reactions of VOC and water with the primary ion. Our algorithm was evaluated by comparing the exchange velocity of water vapor measured by an open path absorption spectroscopy instrument and the water cluster measured with the PTRQi-TOF-MS. The influence of the algorithm parameters and lag determination is discussed. This study was supported by the ADEME-CORTEA COV3ER project (http://www6.inra.fr/cov3er).

  20. The algorithm design manual

    CERN Document Server

    Skiena, Steven S

    2008-01-01

    Explaining designing algorithms, and analyzing their efficacy and efficiency, this book covers combinatorial algorithms technology, stressing design over analysis. It presents instruction on methods for designing and analyzing computer algorithms. It contains the catalog of algorithmic resources, implementations and a bibliography

  1. Hamiltonian Algorithm Sound Synthesis

    OpenAIRE

    大矢, 健一

    2013-01-01

    Hamiltonian Algorithm (HA) is an algorithm for searching solutions is optimization problems. This paper introduces a sound synthesis technique using Hamiltonian Algorithm and shows a simple example. "Hamiltonian Algorithm Sound Synthesis" uses phase transition effect in HA. Because of this transition effect, totally new waveforms are produced.

  2. ON-LINE SELF-CALIBRATING SINGLE CRYSTAL SAPPHIRE OPTICAL SENSOR INSTRUMENTATION FOR ACCURATE AND RELIABLE COAL GASIFIER TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristie Cooper; Gary Pickrell; Anbo Wang; Zhengyu Huang

    2004-04-01

    This report summarizes technical progress over the third six month period of the Phase II program ''On-Line Self-Calibrating Single Crystal Sapphire Optical Sensor Instrumentation for Accurate and Reliable Coal Gasifier Temperature Measurement'', funded by the Federal Energy Technology Center of the U.S. Department of Energy, and performed by the Center for Photonics Technology of the Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Virginia Tech. The outcome of the first phase of this program was the selection of broadband polarimetric differential interferometry (BPDI) for further prototype instrumentation development. This approach is based on the measurement of the optical path difference (OPD) between two orthogonally polarized light beams in a single-crystal sapphire disk. The objective of this program is to bring the BPDI sensor technology, which has already been demonstrated in the laboratory, to a level where the sensor can be deployed in the harsh industrial environments and will become commercially viable. Research efforts were focused on sensor probe design and machining, sensor electronics design, software algorithm design, sensor field installation procedures, and sensor remote data access and control. Field testing will begin in the next several weeks.

  3. Operative correction of judoists’ training loads on the base of on-line monitoring of heart beats rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yong Qiang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: ensure increase of effectiveness of training process’s control by means of operative correction of training loads of different qualification judo wrestlers’ heart beats rate indicators. Material: the research was conducted on the base of Brest SCJSOR № 1. Judo wrestlers of different sport qualification (age 17-19 years old, n=15 participated in the research. Monitoring of judo wrestlers’ heart beats rate was carried out with the help of system “Polar”. Results: we have found factorial structure of functional fitness in every profile of sportsmen. Model characteristics of judo wrestlers were supplemented with the most important sides of functional fitness. Analysis of indicators of restoration effectiveness indicators (REI in both groups of judo wrestlers showed high level of organism’s responsiveness to training load of special and power orientation in comparison with speed power load. We have worked out algorithm of operative correction of training loads by indicators of heart beats rate in training process, depending on orientation and intensity of loads’ physiological influence on judo wrestler. Conclusions: Telemetric on-line monitoring of sportsman’s heart beats rate and calculation of REI permit to objectively assess effectiveness of training’s construction and of micro-cycle in total and detect in due time the trend to development of over-loading and failure of adaptation.

  4. Trajectory averaging for stochastic approximation MCMC algorithms

    KAUST Repository

    Liang, Faming

    2010-10-01

    The subject of stochastic approximation was founded by Robbins and Monro [Ann. Math. Statist. 22 (1951) 400-407]. After five decades of continual development, it has developed into an important area in systems control and optimization, and it has also served as a prototype for the development of adaptive algorithms for on-line estimation and control of stochastic systems. Recently, it has been used in statistics with Markov chain Monte Carlo for solving maximum likelihood estimation problems and for general simulation and optimizations. In this paper, we first show that the trajectory averaging estimator is asymptotically efficient for the stochastic approximation MCMC (SAMCMC) algorithm under mild conditions, and then apply this result to the stochastic approximation Monte Carlo algorithm [Liang, Liu and Carroll J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 102 (2007) 305-320]. The application of the trajectory averaging estimator to other stochastic approximationMCMC algorithms, for example, a stochastic approximation MLE algorithm for missing data problems, is also considered in the paper. © Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2010.

  5. The Algorithmic Imaginary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucher, Taina

    2017-01-01

    of algorithms affect people's use of these platforms, if at all? To help answer these questions, this article examines people's personal stories about the Facebook algorithm through tweets and interviews with 25 ordinary users. To understand the spaces where people and algorithms meet, this article develops...... the notion of the algorithmic imaginary. It is argued that the algorithmic imaginary – ways of thinking about what algorithms are, what they should be and how they function – is not just productive of different moods and sensations but plays a generative role in moulding the Facebook algorithm itself...

  6. The BR eigenvalue algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geist, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Div.; Howell, G.W. [Florida Inst. of Tech., Melbourne, FL (United States). Dept. of Applied Mathematics; Watkins, D.S. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Pure and Applied Mathematics

    1997-11-01

    The BR algorithm, a new method for calculating the eigenvalues of an upper Hessenberg matrix, is introduced. It is a bulge-chasing algorithm like the QR algorithm, but, unlike the QR algorithm, it is well adapted to computing the eigenvalues of the narrowband, nearly tridiagonal matrices generated by the look-ahead Lanczos process. This paper describes the BR algorithm and gives numerical evidence that it works well in conjunction with the Lanczos process. On the biggest problems run so far, the BR algorithm beats the QR algorithm by a factor of 30--60 in computing time and a factor of over 100 in matrix storage space.

  7. Algorithmically specialized parallel computers

    CERN Document Server

    Snyder, Lawrence; Gannon, Dennis B

    1985-01-01

    Algorithmically Specialized Parallel Computers focuses on the concept and characteristics of an algorithmically specialized computer.This book discusses the algorithmically specialized computers, algorithmic specialization using VLSI, and innovative architectures. The architectures and algorithms for digital signal, speech, and image processing and specialized architectures for numerical computations are also elaborated. Other topics include the model for analyzing generalized inter-processor, pipelined architecture for search tree maintenance, and specialized computer organization for raster

  8. On-line measurement of N{sub 2}O in flue gas; Die On-line-Messung von N{sub 2}O in Verbrennungsgasen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisenberger, H.J. [TUEV-Ecoplan Umwelt-GmbH, Muenchen (Germany); Fabinski, W.; Hielscher, B.; Zoechbauer, M. [Hartmann und Braun GmbH und Co. KG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    1998-06-01

    Conventional on-line measurement of Nitrous Oxide (N{sub 2}O) in flue gases mainly is limited by the cross sensitivities of the used measurement technique and unwanted reactions in the sample conditioning system. Based on this state of engeneering, a simple method with a usual NDIR-analyzer and sample conditioning with the new coolertechnique is discribed. The measurement set-up has been installed in a waste incineration plant. The results of the investigations are being presented in this paper. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Grenzen der herkoemmlichen On-line-Messtechnik von Distickstoffmonoxid (N{sub 2}O) in Rauchgasen sind massgeblich durch Querempfindlichkeiten der Messverfahren und unerwuenschte Nachreaktionen in der Probenaufbereitung bestimmt. Ausgehend von diesem Stand der Technik wird eine einfache Methode der N{sub 2}O-Messung mit einem handelsueblichen NDIR-Analysator und einer Probenaufbereitung mit einer neuen Kuehlertechnik beschrieben. Zwei Messaufbauten mit dieser neuen Technik wurden an einer Muellverbrennungsanlage installiert. Ueber die Untersuchungen dazu wird hier berichtet. (orig.)

  9. Natural gas large volumes measurement: going for on-line custody transfer; Medicao de grandes volumes de gas natural: rumo a transferencia de custodia on-line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercon, Eduardo G.; Frisoli, Caetano [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    This paper describes the structure of the natural gas flow measurement process in TRANSPETRO, and comments features and performance of existing or under-implantation equipment and systems, reviewing best practices and technology in use. This process runs through three interrelated segments: data flow measurement, strictly speaking; data transfer and acquisition; and data flow measurement certification (data consolidation to invoice). Initially, the work makes an approach to the data flow measurement segment, evaluating technical features of flow meters, and describing configurations and functions of the operating gas flow computers in TRANSPETRO's custody transfer stations. In this part it will also be presented the implantation of TRANSPETRO's system for gas chromatography data input on-line to flow computers. Further, in data transfer and acquisition, SCADA system technical aspects will be evaluated, considering communications protocols and programmable logic controllers functions in remote terminal units, and discussing their places in the measurement process. Additionally, TRANSPETRO's experience in data measurement certification tools is in discussion, as well as new upcoming tools and their potential features, from what new practices will be suggested. Finally, all the work has been conceived and carried out always aiming to the state-of-the-art technology in gas flow measurement: on-line custody transfer. (author)

  10. On-Line Sentence Processing in Swedish: Cross-Linguistic Developmental Comparisons with French

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kail, Michele; Kihlstedt, Maria; Bonnet, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    This study examined on-line processing of Swedish sentences in a grammaticality-judgement experiment within the framework of the Competition Model. Three age groups from 6 to 11 and an adult group were asked to detect grammatical violations as quickly as possible. Three factors concerning cue cost were studied: violation position (early vs. late),…

  11. On-Line Processing of Tense and Temporality in Agrammatic Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faroqi-Shah, Yasmeen; Dickey, Michael Walsh

    2009-01-01

    Agrammatic aphasic individuals exhibit marked production deficits for tense morphology. This paper presents three experiments examining whether a group of English-speaking agrammatic individuals (n = 10) exhibit parallel deficits in their comprehension of tense. Results from two comprehension experiments (on-line grammaticality judgment studies)…

  12. Multifunctional ultrasonic sensor for on-line tool condition monitoring in turning operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nayfeh, T.H.; Abu-Zahra, N.H. [Cleveland State Univ., OH (United States). Industrial Engineering Dept.

    1998-03-01

    Machining operations in automated manufacturing centers are, in general, under-performing by 20--80 percent. Optimizing these machining operations requires on-line knowledge of the cutting tool`s condition and the process state. Currently, this information is either not reliable or not available in a timely manner. This in part is due to the lack of suitable sensors which are able to measure on-line directly and accurately one or more of the relevant tool and process variables. A direct, active, ultrasonic method for on-line sensing of the tool condition and the process state in turning operations was developed in this work. Sensing is achieved by using an ultrasonic transducer operating at 10 MHz in a pulse-echo mode to send pulses through the cutting tool. The amplitude and propagation time of the reflected pulses are modulated by the tool nose, flank, temperature, and by the material in contact with the tools. This method has the potential to measure on-line several relevant process and cutting tool parameters directly and accurately through the use of a single sensor. These parameters are tool-workpiece contact, tool gradual wear, tool chipping and tool chatter.

  13. On-Line Hyperspectral Transmittance Imaging for Internal Defect Detection of Pickling Cucumbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyperspectral imaging technique under transmittance mode was investigated for detection of internal defect in pickling cucumbers such as carpel suture separation or hollow cucumbers caused by mechanical stress. A prototype of on-line hyperspectral transmittance imaging system was developed for real...

  14. On-line determination of the calorific value of solid fuels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kessel, L.B.M. van; Arendsen, A.R.J.; Brem, G.

    2004-01-01

    In thermal processes with highly inhomogeneous fuels it is desirable to know real time fuel characteristics. In the case of municipal solid waste combustion (MSWC) it was up till now not possible to determine the calorific value of the waste on-line with a high accuracy. In this paper, a new method

  15. Competence based learning for an on-line course on flood modelling for management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popescu, Ioanna; Jonoski, Andreja; Keuls, Carel

    2009-01-01

    Popescu, I., Jonoski, A., & Keuls, C. (2009). Competence based learning for an on-line course on flood modelling for management. Proceedings of the 33rd International Association of Hydraulic Engineering & Research (IAHR Congress). August, 9-14, 2009, Vancouver, Canada: TENCompetence.

  16. On-line competence based learning in hydroinformatics, at UNESCO-IHE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popescu, Ioanna; Jonoski, Andreja; Bhattacharya, Biswa; Keuls, Carel

    2009-01-01

    Popescu, I., Jonoski, A., Bhattacharya, B., & Keuls, C. (2009). On-line competence based learning in hydroinformatics, at UNESCO-IHE. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Hydroinformatics-HIC 2009. January, 12-16, 2009, Conceptión, Chile: TENCompetence.

  17. A Quantized State Approach to On-line Simulation for Spacecraft Autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alminde, Lars; Stoustrup, Jakob; Bendtsen, Jan Dimon

    2006-01-01

    Future space applications will require an increased level of operational autonomy. This calls for declarative methods for spacecraft state estimation and control, so that the spacecraft engineer can focus on modeling the spacecraft rather than implementing all details of the on-line system...

  18. Multilevel participation within on-line collections of local memories as a practice of cultural citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kreek, de Mike

    2011-01-01

    Collecting local memories on-line is a growing practice with participatory elements on different levels. Three levels of participation – micro, meso and macro – are introduced by describing an exemplary case: the Memory of East in Amsterdam. These levels of this particular case can be grounded in th

  19. A Phenomenological Study of Gifted Adolescents and Their Engagement with One On-Line Learning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swicord, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Little research exists on the nature of the interactions between gifted students and the use of technology. Furthermore, no research has investigated the phenomenon of gifted adolescents using one internet-based program, the Renzulli Learning System (RLS). Renzulli Learning is an on-line educational profile with a matching database that provides…

  20. Práctica de fundamentos de probabilidad apoyada en recursos on line

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaldos García, Fuensanta; Faura Martínez, Úrsula

    2011-01-01

    Propuesta de práctica de los fundamentos de la probabilidad apoyada en recursos on line basada en el trabajo presentado en las III Jornadas de Docencia en Economía (Cartagena, junio 2011). Ejercicios prácticos

  1. CERN HR receives award for on-line recruitment and communication

    CERN Multimedia

    Joannah Caborn Wengler

    2012-01-01

    In a survey of 21,000 European students, CERN ranked 15th, ahead of giants like Microsoft and Nestlé, for the quality of its on-line "talent communication", that is how it uses the Internet to attract job applicants. HR now boasts a new virtual award, certifying its on-line savvy.   The "virtual" award given to HR. How did you get your job at CERN? Via the CERN HR website, or Facebook, or Twitter? Or were you headhunted on LinkedIn? Particularly if you’re from the younger generation, chances are that you used some form of on-line recruitment. In this case you will have used one of the best recruitment tools in Europe, according to the 2012 OTaC (Online Talent Communication) study, carried out by a research institute named Potentialpark. It surveyed over 21,000 students, asking them to rate employers’ use of seven different channels of communication about jobs and careers, from HR websites and on-line application systems to the...

  2. Marketing the Library in an On-Line University to Help Achieve Information Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    An entrepreneurial librarian takes the embedded librarian concept one step further at a completely on-line university and markets the virtual library to students, faculty and administration rather than wait for customers to come to the library. York and Vance (2009) make the observation that "one obstacle to marketing an embedded librarian…

  3. ON LINE COMPUTATION OF EMPIRICAL FORMULA BY MEANS OF ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS AND ITS PROGRAM DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱朴; 胡培荣; 金正成

    1995-01-01

    On line determination of empirical formula for organic compounds with an automatic elemental analyzer and its program design method were investigated. The computational results shews that the reliability of computational results depends on the accuracy of the analytical data and the organic compound itself.

  4. Extending Practical Pre-Aggregation in On-Line Analytical Processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Torben Bach; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Dyreson, Curtis E.

    On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) based on a dimensional view of data is being used increasingly in traditional business applications as well as in applications such as health care for the purpose of analyzing very large amounts of data. Pre-aggregation, the prior materialization of aggregate...

  5. On-line parameter, state-of-charge and aging estimation of Li-ion batteries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosca, B.; Kessels, J.T.B.A.; Bergveld, H.J.; Bosch, P.P.J. van den

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an on-line model identification method for Li-ion battery parameters that combines high accuracy and low computational complexity. Experimental results show that modeling errors are smaller than 1% throughout the feasible operating range. The identified model is used in a state

  6. Evidence for priming across intervening sentences during on-line sentence comprehension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tooley, K.M.; Swaab, T.Y.; Boudewyn, M.A.; Zirnstein, M.; Traxler, M.J.

    2014-01-01

    Three experiments investigated factors contributing to syntactic priming during on-line comprehension. In all of the experiments, a prime sentence containing a reduced relative clause was presented prior to a target sentence that contained the same structure. Previous studies have shown that people

  7. INTEGRATION OF STORAGE CHARACTERISTIC WITH ON-LINE SERVICE CHARACTERISTIC OF AS/RS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Directed at how to integrated storage characteristic with on-line service characteristic of AS/RS, a solution based on database design and programming method is proposed. The results show that this model is reasonable and applicable while using in some small or middle enterprises material handling system.

  8. Using an On-Line Tool To Investigate Chemical Engineering Seniors' Concept of the Design Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streveler, Ruth A.; Miller, Ronald L.; Boyd, Thomas M.

    In this study, multidimensional scaling (MDS) was used to measure how 23 chemical engineering seniors categorized key design terms at the beginning and end of a capstone design course. An on-line method was developed to collect the MDS data. The results suggest that some important design concepts were not well understood, even at the end of the…

  9. Assessment of corrosion in the flue gas cleaning system using on-line monitoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Montgomery, Melanie; Vendelbo Nielsen, Lars; Berggreen Petersen, Michael

    2015-01-01

    products/deposits were detected. An on-line corrosion measurement system was established to determine corrosion mechanisms. It was revealed that many shutdowns/start-ups of the plant influence corrosion and result in decreased lifetime of components and increased maintenance. The change of fuel from...

  10. First Responder Weapons of Mass Destruction Training Using Massively Multiplayer On-Line Gaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    Washington, DC. 1997. p. 16. 150 Kimery, Anthony. p. 24. 151 _____, “$7.7 Million Expansion for TEEX Training Complex.” Texas Engineering... TEEX Training Complex.” Texas Engineering Extension Service. 26 October 1999. Texas. Database available on line at http://teexweb.tamu.edu

  11. Engaging Students On-Line:Does Gender Matter in Adoption of Learning Material Design?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norziani Dahalan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Education is reforming with the birth of the internet. Learning is not solely based on classroom basis but also through on-line. The revolution of Internet has transformed teaching via face-to-face into virtual teaching. The expansion of teaching deliveries suggests that we need interactive mechanism to accommodate course material for on-line students. However, creating on-line materials requires the conception of on-line instructional design. A suitable online material design will allow learners to engage with learning. Learners will have opportunities to develop their own understanding. In addition, suitable learning material will strengthen learner’s knowledge construction from their short-term memory to long-term memory. The purpose of this paper is to discover the learning material design approach based on gender by evaluating lecturer’s adoption of online material design using Keller’s ARCS model. The sample consisting of 30 lecturers from distance education learning reveals that gender differs in their adoption of learning material design specifically on getting attention of the student. The result also shows that relevance and satisfaction contribute to gender differences in learning material adoption. Limitations of the study and practical implications of these findings discussed.

  12. Application for the On-line Isotope Mass Separator ISOLDE Facility: the Target Heater

    CERN Document Server

    Sánchez-Conejo, Jorge

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of the Heater Application is to heat and cool the target and line used on the On-Line Isotope Mass Separator ISOLDE facility up to a desired temperature selected by the user. The application has been developed in Java, making use of the Java Development Kit 1.4 and the PS Java environment.

  13. Application for the On-line Isotope Mass Separator ISOLDE Facility: the Mass Scan

    CERN Document Server

    Sánchez-Conejo, Jorge

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of the Mass Scan Application is to scan the mass of the ion beam that passes through the GPS (General Purpose Separator) on the On-Line Isotope Mass Separator ISOLDE facility. The application has been developed in Java, making use of the Java Development Kit 1.4 and the PS Java environment.

  14. An on-line high performance liquid chromatography-crocin bleaching assay for detection of antioxidants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bountagkidou, O.; Klift, van der E.J.C.; Tsimidou, M.Z.; Ordoudi, S.A.; Beek, van T.A.

    2012-01-01

    An on-line HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) method for the rapid screening of individual antioxidants in mixtures was developed using crocin as a substrate (i.e. oxidation probe) and 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane dihydrochloride (AAPH)) in phosphate buffer (pH 7.5) as a radical generator

  15. 76 FR 52731 - On-Line Complaint Form for Service-Related Issues in Air Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... Office of the Secretary On-Line Complaint Form for Service-Related Issues in Air Transportation AGENCY... is complaining, flight date, flight number, and origin and destination cities of complainant's trip...- travel related information from the ACPD. The Department has limited its informational request to...

  16. SkyMouse: A smart interface for astronomical on-line resources and services

    CERN Document Server

    CUI, Chen-Zhou; ZHAO, Yong-Heng; LUO, Yu; QI, Da-Zhi

    2007-01-01

    With the development of network and the World Wide Web (WWW), the Internet has been growing and changing dramatically. More and more on-line database systems and different kinds of services are available for astronomy research. How to help users find their way through the jungle of information services becomes an important challenge. Although astronomers have been aware of the importance of interoperability and introduced the concept of Virtual Observatory as a uniform environment for future astronomical on-line resources and services, transparent access to heterogeneous on-line information is still difficult. SkyMouse is a lightweight interface for distributed astronomical on-line resources and services, which is designed and developed by us, i.e., Chinese Virtual Observatory Project. Taking advantage of screen word-capturing technology, different kinds of information systems can be queried through simple mouse actions, and results are returned in a uniform web page. SkyMouse is an easy to use application, a...

  17. Determination of Peroxide-Based Explosives Using Liquid Chromatography with On-Line Infrared Detection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schulte-Ladbeck, Rasmus; Edelmann, Andrea; Quintas, Guillermo; Lendl, Bernhard; Karst, U.

    2006-01-01

    A nondestructive analytical method for peroxide-based explosives determination in solid samples is described. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with on-line Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) detection is used for the analysis of triacetonetriperoxide (TATP) and

  18. Learning Consciousness and Teaching Conception in On-line English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiYanglong

    2004-01-01

    With the Teaching Requirement of College English Courses issued by the Ministry of Education, another round of college English teaching reform has been set in motion, which starts all the English teachers, language teaching researchers,education administrators and the on-line teaching-learning material desimaers to consider thoroughly a series of new topics

  19. On-Line Dependability Enhancement of Multiprocessor SoCs by Resource Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braak, ter T.D.; Burgess, S.T.; Hurskainen, H.; Kerkhoff, H.G.; Vermeulen, B.; Zhang, Xiao

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a new approach towards dependable design of homogeneous multi-processor SoCs in an example satellite-navigation application. First, the NoC dependability is functionally verified via embedded software. Then the Xentium processor tiles are periodically verified via on-line self-t

  20. Model for on-line moisture-content control during solid-state fermentation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagel, F.J.J.I.; Tramper, J.; Bakker, M.S.N.; Rinzema, A.

    2001-01-01

    In this study we describe a model that estimates the extracellular (nonfungal) and overall water contents of wheat grains during solid-state fermentation (SSF) with Aspergillus oryzae, using on-line measurements of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor in the gas phase. The model uses elemental ba