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Sample records for nyssomyia neivai pinto

  1. Biology of the first generation of a laboratory colony of Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926 (Diptera: Psychodidae

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    José Dilermando Andrade Filho

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The phlebotomine sand flies Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926 are very close and may be involved in the transmission of Leishmania spp. Ross, 1903 in Brazil. The biology of the first laboratory-reared generations of these species, descended from insects captured in Além Paraíba (N. intermedia and Corinto (N. neivai in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, is described here. The captured females were fed on hamsters and maintained individually in rearing pots. Laboratory temperature and relative humidity were maintained at 25-26ºC and 80% respectively. The productivity of the first generation of N. intermedia was greater than that of N. neivai, and its development time clearly shorter, particularly for the second and third larval instars.

  2. Biology of the first generation of a laboratory colony of Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) (Diptera: Psychodidae).

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    Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; Galati, Eunice A Bianchi; Falcão, Alda Lima

    2004-10-01

    The phlebotomine sand flies Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) are very close and may be involved in the transmission of Leishmania spp. Ross, 1903 in Brazil. The biology of the first laboratory-reared generations of these species, descended from insects captured in Além Paraíba (N. intermedia) and Corinto (N. neivai) in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, is described here. The captured females were fed on hamsters and maintained individually in rearing pots. Laboratory temperature and relative humidity were maintained at 25-26 masculineC and 80% respectively. The productivity of the first generation of N. intermedia was greater than that of N. neivai, and its development time clearly shorter, particularly for the second and third larval instars.

  3. Octenol as attractant to Nyssomyia neivai (Diptera:Psychodidae:Phlebotominae) in the field.

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    Pinto, M C; Barbieri, K; Silva, M C E; Graminha, M A S; Casanova, C; Andrade, A J; Eiras, A E

    2011-01-01

    The kairomone octenol is known as attractive to hematophagous Diptera such as mosquitoes, tsetse flies, and midges. There is little evidence that traps baited with octenol are also effective in attracting phlebotomine sand flies. The present report evaluated octenol in modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) traps in two experiments: 1) modified CDC trap without light and 2) modified CDC trap with light. The traps were baited with octenol at concentrations of 0.5, 27, and 43 mg/h in Rincão locality, São Paulo, Brazil. Traps without octenol were used as controls. The sand fly Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto) (= Lutzomyia neivai) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) was the prevalent species (99.9%) in both experiments. The results of the experiments showed that traps baited with octenol at 27 and 43 mg/h caught significantly more N. neivai than control and octenol at 0.5 mg/h with and without light. This is the first report that shows that octenol itself is attractive to N. neivai and associated with light traps significantly increases the catches.

  4. Attraction of the cutaneous leishmaniasis vector Nyssomyia neivai (Diptera: Psychodidae) to host odour components in a wind tunnel

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    2012-01-01

    Background Laboratory studies of host-seeking olfactory behaviour in sandflies have largely been restricted to the American visceral leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. In comparison, almost nothing is known about the chemical ecology of related species, which transmit American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), due in part to difficulties in raising these insects in the laboratory. Understanding how ACL vectors locate their hosts will be essential to developing new vector control strategies to combat this debilitating disease. Methods This study examined host-odour seeking behaviour of the ACL vector Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto) (=Lutzomyia neivai) using a wind tunnel olfactometer. The primary aim was to determine whether field-collected female N. neivai would respond to host odours in the laboratory, thereby eliminating the need to maintain colonies of these insects for behavioural experiments. Responses to two key host odour components, 1-octen-3-ol and lactic acid, and a commercially-available mosquito lure (BG-Lure™) were assessed and compared relative to an air control. We also tested whether trials could be conducted outside of the normal evening activity period of N. neivai without impacting on fly behaviour, and whether the same flies could be used to assess baseline responses to air without affecting responses to octenol, thereby reducing the number of flies required for experiments. Results Octenol was found to both activate host-seeking behaviour and attract female N. neivai in the wind tunnel, while lactic acid elicited weaker responses of activation and attractiveness under identical conditions. The BG-Lure did not activate or attract N. neivai under test conditions. Further experiments showed that sandfly behaviour in the wind tunnel was not affected by time of day, such that experiments need not be restricted to nocturnal hours. Moreover, using the same flies to measure both baseline responses to air and attraction to test compounds did not affect

  5. Breeding protocol for the sand fly Nyssomyia neivai (Diptera: Psychodidae) in laboratory conditions.

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    Goulart, Thais Marchi; da Rocha Silva, Flávia Benini; Machado, Vicente Estevam; Oliveira, Wanderson Henrique Cruz; de Castro, Camila Feitosa; Rodrigues, Marili Villa Nova; Pinto, Mara Cristina

    2017-10-01

    The information in this protocol covers from the basic steps and material necessary to start a sand fly colony up to the specific details which are important to the success of a Nyssomyia neivai colony. The greatest problems in our colony of Ny. neivai were solved with specific care, for instance, using vermiculite and an adequate number of adults in oviposition containers; the control of fungus with the exact amount of diet for the larvae and humidity control; a second blood meal for females and control of the number of times animals are used for blood meals. Currently, our colony is at F22 generation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Maxadilan-simile expression in Nyssomyia neivai, a sandfly vector in an endemic region of Brazil, and its immunogenicity in patients with American tegumentary leishmaniasis

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    Juliana Aires

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Maxadilan (Max is a salivary component in the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva 1912, a vector of visceral leishmaniasis. Max has a powerful vasodilatory effect and is a candidate vaccine that has been tested in experimental leishmaniasis. Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto 1926 is a vector of the pathogen responsible for American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL in Brazil. OBJECTIVE We searched for Max expression in Ny. neivai and for antibodies against Max in ATL patients. METHODS cDNA and protein were extracted from the cephalic segment, including salivary glands, of Ny. neivai and analysed by polymerase chain reaction, DNA sequencing, and blotting assays. The results were compared with data obtained from Lu. longipalpis samples. We quantified antibodies against Max in serum samples from 41 patients with ATL (31 and 10 with the cutaneous and mucocutaneous forms, respectively and 63 controls from the endemic northeastern region of São Paulo state, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. FINDINGS Recognition of a Max-simile peptide by specific antibodies confirmed expression of a Max sequence in Ny. neivai (GenBank EF601123.1. Compared to controls, patients with ATL presented higher levels of antibodies against Max (p = 0.004; 24.4% of the patients with ATL and 3.2% of the controls presented anti-Max levels above the cutoff index (p = 0.014. The anti-Max levels were not associated with the specific clinical form of ATL, leishmanin skin test response, absence or presence of amastigotes in histopathologic exam, results of indirect immunofluorescence testing for leishmaniasis, or duration of cutaneous form disease. MAIN CONCLUSION High serum anti-Max levels did not protect patients against ATL, but confirmed previous natural exposure to Ny. neivai bites in this ATL endemic region.

  7. Biogeographical aspects of the occurrence of Nyssomyia neivai and Nyssomyia intermedia (Diptera: Psychodidae in a sympatric area of the Brazilian savannah

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    Lara Saraiva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Nyssomyia intermedia and Nyssomyia neivai constitute a species complex associated with Leishmania transmission. The aim of this study was to analyse the ecological profiles of the Ny. intermedia and Ny. neivai populations in a sympatric area in the Brazilian savannah along the banks of the Velhas River. Captures were performed from July 2003-June 2005 in two distinct environments: a gallery forest with various degrees of anthropogenic modification and animal shelters. A total of 20,508 Ny. neivai (86% and Ny. intermedia (14% sandflies were collected. The difference between the proportions of the sandflies that were collected (Ny. neivai/Ny. intermedia per bank was significant. The right bank presented a greater number of sandflies (65% and more preserved vegetation. The abundance of Ny. neivai was higher than that of Ny. intermedia on both banks. The results demonstrate that anthropic activities can affect the sandfly populations in this area, thereby leading to a reduction in species abundance. Nevertheless, the environments with higher levels of antropogenic modification displayed sandfly population numbers that favour the Leishmania transmission cycle.

  8. Genetic variability of populations of Nyssomyia neivai in the Northern State of Paraná, Brazil

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    Jaqueline de Carvalho Gasparotto

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The genetic study of sandfly populations needs to be further explored given the importance of these insects for public health. Were sequenced the NDH4 mitochondrial gene from populations of Nyssomyia neivai from Doutor Camargo, Lobato, Japira, and Porto Rico, municipalities in the State of Paraná, Brazil, to understand the genetic structure and gene flow. Eighty specimens of Ny. Neivai were sequenced, 20 from each municipality, and 269 base pairs were obtained. A total of 27 haplotypes and 28 polymorphic sites were found, along with a haplotypic diversity of 0.80696 and a nucleotide diversity of 0.00567. Haplotype H5, with 33 specimens, was the most common among the four populations. Only haplotypes H5 and H7 were present in all four populations. The population from Doutor Camargo showed the highest genetic diversity, and only this population shared haplotypes with those from the other municipalities. The highest number of haplotypes was sheared with Lobato which also had the highest number of unique haplotypes. This probably occurred because of constant anthropic changes that happened in the environment during the first half of the twentieth century, mainly after 1998. There was no significant correlation between genetic and geographical distances regarding these populations. However, the highest genetic and geographical distances, and the lowest gene flow were observed between Japira and Porto Rico. Geographical distance is a possible barrier between these municipalities through the blocking of haplotype sharing.

  9. Blood feeding patterns of Nyssomyia intermedia and Nyssomyia neivai (Diptera, Psychodidae in a cutaneous leishmaniasis endemic area of the Ribeira Valley, State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Ana Maria Marassa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The aim of this study was to identify the blood feeding sources of Nyssomyia intermedia (Ny. intermedia and Nyssomyia neivai (Ny. neivai, which are Leishmania vectors and the predominant sandfly species in the Ribeira Valley, State of São Paulo, Brazil, an endemic area for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Methods Specimens were captured monthly between February 2001 and December 2003 on a smallholding and a small farm situated in the Serra district in the Iporanga municipality. The blood meals of 988 engorged females were tested using the avidin-biotin immunoenzymatic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Seven blood meal sources were investigated: human, dog, chicken, bovine, pig, horse and rat. Results The results showed that among the females that fed on one or more blood sources, the respective percentages for Ny. intermedia and Ny. neivai, respectively, were as follows: human (23% and 36.8%, pig (47.4% and 26.4%, chicken (25.7% and 36.8% and dog (3.9% and 0%, and the differences in the blood sources between the two species were statistically significant (p = 0.043. Conclusions Both species had predominant reactivity for one or two blood sources, and few showed reactivity indicating three or four sources. Many different combinations were observed among the females that showed reactivity for more than one source, which indicated their opportunistic habits and eclecticism regarding anthropic environmental conditions.

  10. Dispersal and survival of Nyssomyia intermedia and Nyssomyia neivai (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae in a cutaneous leishmaniasis endemic area of the speleological province of the Ribeira Valley, state of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Eunice AB Galati

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The dispersal and survival of the phlebotomines Nyssomyia intermedia and Nyssomyia neivai (both implicated as vectors of the cutaneous leishmaniasis agent in an endemic area was investigated using a capture-mark-release technique in five experiments from August-December 2003 in municipality of Iporanga, state of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1,749 males and 1,262 females of Ny. intermedia and 915 males and 411 females of Ny. neivai were marked and released during the five experiments. Recapture attempts were made using automatic light traps, aspiration in natural resting places and domestic animal shelters and Shannon traps. A total of 153 specimens (3.48% were recaptured: 2.59% (78/3,011 for Ny. intermedia and 5.35% (71/1,326 for Ny. neivai. Both species were recaptured up to 144 h post-release, with the larger part of them recaptured within 48 h. The median dispersion distances for Ny. intermedia and Ny. neivai, respectively, were 109 m and 100 m. The greatest dispersal range of Ny. intermedia was 180 m, while for Ny. neivai one female was recaptured in a pasture at 250 m and another in a pigsty at 520 m, showing a tendency to disperse to more open areas. The daily survival rates calculated based on regressions of the numbers of marked insects recaptured on the six successive days after release were 0.746 for males and 0.575 for females of Ny. intermedia and 0.649 for both sexes of Ny. neivai. The size of the populations in the five months ranged from 8,332-725,085 for Ny. intermedia males, 2,193-104,490 for Ny. intermedia females, 1,687-350,122 for Ny. neivai males and 254-49,705 for Ny. neivai females.

  11. Pinto

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    Marcos Pinto

    1987-05-01

    Full Text Available Diseñador Gráfico de la Universidad Nacional que con solo 23 años de edad es poseedor de una línea madura, definida y original. Utiliza muy bien los colores en sus dibujos pero su humor es monocolor, el menos mono de los colores: "el negro". Las características anotadas a su línea hacen que su humor no pierda su agresividad, sino que por el contrario la aumente.

  12. Bioactivity of Six Plant Extracts on Adults of Demotispa neivai (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

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    Martínez, Luis C.; Plata-Rueda, Angelica; Zanuncio, José C.; Serrão, José E.

    2015-01-01

    Demotispa neivai Bondar (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) damage oil palm fruits, which makes it necessary to develop products to control this insect. The mortality, repellency, and antifeeding effects on adults of D. neivai of six plant extracts of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Sapindales: Meliaceae), Ricinus communis (L.) (Malpighiaes: Euphorbiaceae), Citrus sinensis Oesbek (Sapindales: Rutaceae), Nicotiana tabacum (L.) (Slanales: Solanaceae), Capsicum annuum (L.) (Solanales: Solanaceae), and Artemisia absinthium (L.) (Asterales: Asteraceae) were determined: 1) the lethal concentration LC50-90, lethal time of D. neivai was evaluated after spraying the fruits of oil palm; 2) repellent effects of each ingredient were evaluated by calculating the index of repellency; 3) antifeeding effects with the rate of inhibition calculated between doses of 20 and 24 g/liter. The mortality of D. neivai was higher with the extracts Ci. sinensis, R. communis, N. tabacum, and Ca. annuum. The mortality of D. neivai increased in the first 72 hr in all treatments. The extracts of N. tabacum, Ca. annuum, and A. indica were more repellent to D. neivai that those of Ci. sinensis, Ar. Absinthium, and R. communis. Antifeeding effect was higher with Ci. sinensis and R. communis. The increased mortality of D. neivai by Ci. sinensis can be explained by the effect of this compound on the respiratory system of insects. Extracts of Ci. sinensis, R. communis, N. tabacum, and Ca. annuum repelled and caused mortality of D. neivai and, thus, can be used in integrate pest management programs of this pest in oil palm plantations. PMID:25843587

  13. Differential Midgut Attachment of Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis in the Sand Flies Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani and Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia

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    Rodrigo P. Soares

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The interaction between Leishmania and sand flies has been demonstrated in many Old and New World species. Besides the morphological differentiation from procyclic to infective metacyclic promastigotes, the parasite undergoes biochemical transformations in its major surface lipophosphoglycan (LPG. An upregulation of β-glucose residues was previously shown in the LPG repeat units from procyclic to metacyclic phase in Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis, which has not been reported in any Leishmania species. LPG has been implicated as an adhesion molecule that mediates the interaction with the midgut epithelium of the sand fly in the Subgenus Leishmania. These adaptations were explored for the first time in a species from the Subgenus Viannia, L. (V. braziliensis with its natural vectors Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia and Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani. Using two in vitro binding techniques, phosphoglycans (PGs derived from procyclic and metacyclic parasites were able to bind to the insect midgut and inhibit L. braziliensis attachment. Interestingly, L. braziliensis procyclic parasite attachment was ∼11-fold greater in the midgut of L. whitmani than in L. intermedia. The epidemiological relevance of L. whitmani as a vector of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL in Brazil is discussed.

  14. Hourly activity of Lutzomyia neivai in the endemic zone of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tucumán, Argentina: preliminary results

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    Ana Denise Fuenzalida

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, the hourly activity of Lutzomyia neivai was studied in the southern part of the province of Tucumán, Argentina, in an area of transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis during two months of higher activity. In addition, the variables that influenced the abundance of Lu. neivai were evaluated. A total of 1,146 individuals belonging to Lu. neivai (97% and Lutzomyia migonei (3% were captured. The hourly activity of Lu. neivai was mainly nocturnal, with a bimodal pattern in both months. In January, the variable that most influenced the abundance of Lu. neivai was the temperature, whereas in April, that variable was humidity. These results may contribute to the design of anti-vectorial control measures at a micro-focal scale.

  15. Luz e galinhas como fatores de atração de Nyssomyia whitmani em ambiente rural, Paraná, Brasil Light and hens as attraction factors of Nyssomyia whitmani in a rural area, Southern Brazil

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    Ueslei Teodoro

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência de armadilhas com luz elétrica e galinhas como fatores de atração de flebotomíneos e comparar os resultados entre métodos de captura. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi realizado na Fazenda Palmital, município de Terra Boa, Paraná, Brasil. As coletas de flebotomíneos foram feitas com armadilhas de Falcão e aspirador elétrico, quinzenalmente, das 20 às 23 horas, na presença ou na ausência de luz e de galinhas, no ambiente peridomiciliar, de setembro de 1998 a junho de 1999. RESULTADOS: Coletaram-se 43.767 exemplares de oito espécies de flebotomíneos; Nyssomyia whitmani, N. neivai e Migonemyia migonei representando 99,9% do total coletado, com predomínio de N. whitmani. O número de exemplares coletados na presença (21.045 foi maior do que na ausência de galinhas (10.434. Na presença de galinhas, indiferentemente das intensidades de luz, coletou-se maior número de exemplares de N. whitmani com luz de 3W. Na presença de galinhas e luz (3W o número de N. whitmani coletado com aspirador elétrico (5.141 foi superior ao coletado com armadilha de Falcão (1.675. Na ausência de luz não houve diferença entre o número de N. whitmani coletado com o aspirador elétrico e na armadilha de Falcão, na presença ou na ausência de galinhas. CONCLUSÕES: As galinhas e a luz elétrica juntas atraem mais N. whitmani para o ambiente peridomiciliar. O número de N. whitmani coletado com o aspirador elétrico na presença de galinhas e luz no galinheiro foi maior do que o coletado na armadilha de Falcão, na mesma condição.OBJECTIVE: To verify the influence of traps with electric light and hens as factors that attract sandflies and compare results between capture methods. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Palmital Farm, Southern Brazil. Sandfly collections were conducted with Falcão traps and an electric aspirator, fortnightly, between 8 p.m. and 11 p.m. in the presence or absence of light and hens in

  16. Biologia reprodutiva de Dipsas neivai Amaral e D. catesbyi (Sentzen (Serpentes, Colubridae no sudeste da Bahia, Brasil Reproductive biology in Dipsas neivai and D. catesbyi (Serpentes, Colubridae in southeastern Bahia, Brasil

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    Fátima Q. Alves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A biologia reprodutiva de Dipsas neivai Amaral, 1923 e Dipsas catesbyi (Sentezen, 1796 foi estudada através da dissecção de 261 espécimes de D. neivai e 222 de D. catesbyi. Em D. neivai o macho amadurece com menor tamanho do que a fêmea, ocorrendo o oposto em D. catesbyi. Em ambas as espécies a fêmea atinge maior tamanho corporal que o macho. O tamanho da ninhada variou de um a oito ovos em D. neivai e de um a seis em D. catesbyi, não estando correlacionado com o tamanho da fêmea na última. O ciclo reprodutivo em ambos machos e fêmeas é contínuo, com vitelogênese e espermatogênese ocorrendo ao longo do ano todo. Em Dipsas neivai, a cópula nas fêmeas é dissociado da vitelogênese. D. neivai e D. catesbyi são sintópicas, e reproduzem no mesmo período do ano, o que possivelmente está relacionado à disponibilidade contínua de presas e à pouca variação climática no sudeste da Bahia.The reproductive biology of Dipsas neivai Amaral, 1923 and Dipsas catesbyi (Sentzen, 1796, was studied by dissecting 261 specimens of D. neivai and 222 of D. catesbyi. In D. neivai males mature at smaller body size than females, and in D. catesbyi the opposite was observed. The females were larger than males in both species. The clutch size ranged from one to eight in D. neivai, and one to six in D. catesbyi, but it is not correlated with female length in the last one. Reproductive cycles in both males and females are aseasonal, with vitelogensis and spermatogenesis occurring throughout the year. The couple in females of D. neivai is dissociated from the vitellogenesis. D. neivai and D. catesbyi are syntopic and reproduce in the same time of the year, which is possibly related to the continuous availability of prey and little climate variation in southern Bahia.

  17. Efecto de la frequencia alimentaria sobre algunos parametros poblacionales de Rhodnius neivai The effect of feeding frequency on some population parameters of Rhodnius neivai

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    D. R. Cabello

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Modificando la frecuencia de oferta de alimento a semanal y quincenal se evaluó estadisticamente la variación de algunos parámetros poblacionales y reproductivos en cuatro cohortes de R. neivai alimentadas en gallina o conejo. Se encontró una relación directa entre la frecuencia de oferta de snagre y la longevidad media, longevidad máxima y esperanza de vida de los adultos en los ejemplares que se alimentaron en gallina. En cambio, en los animales a los cuales se ofreció sangre de conejo quincenalmente, los valores de longevidad media, longevidad máxima y esperanza de vida de los adultos fueron altos, y algo menores en los alimentados semanalmente. El rendimiento reproductivo aumentó y la fertilidad edad-específica mostró una cierta disminución cuando la frecuencia de oferta de alimento fue semanal. Todos los parámetros poblacionales, menos el tiempo generacional, fueron mayores en los ejemplares alimentados semanalmente.After changing feeding frequency to a weekly and biweekly basis, a statistical evaluation of the variation of some population and reproductive parameters was conducted. It was based on four cohorts experiments of Rhodnius neivai fed on hen or rabbit. We found a direct relationship between blood feeding frequency and the parameters adult average longevity, maximun longevity and life expectancy in the animals fed on hen. On the other hand, in the insect fed biweekly on rabbit, these three values were higher than the registered in the cohorts fed weekly. Reproductive output got bigger and age-specific fertility showed a small decrease when feeding frequency was weekly. Every population parameter, except generation time, was greater in the individuals fed weekly.

  18. Resistance to starvation of Rhodnius neivai Lent, 1953 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae under experimental conditions

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    Daniel R Cabello

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The period of resistance to starvation and the loss of weight until death of Rhodnius neivai in all stages of development were studied. Work was based on experiments conducted under controlled laboratory conditions. One hundred specimens of each nymphal instar were observed: 50 were fed on chicken and 50 on rabbit. Adult females and males were kept together and fed on each host. All bugs were weighed weekly until death. Laid eggs were collected weekly and observed during five weeks to obtain hatchability. Resistance to starvation was similar with both hosts and increased with the evolutionary stage, excepting the 5th nymphal instar and adults. With both hosts, loss of weight was abrupt in the first week and steady in the following weeks. In adults, on the first weeks after eating, there was little or no mortality, after which mortality increased rapidly with the starving time. Reproductive output was higher in the bugs fed on rabbit. R. neivai is among the least resistant triatomine species.

  19. Early ontogeny of Tatia neivai (Ihering, 1930) (Osteichthyes, Auchenipteridae), a small catfish from Neotropical region.

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    Santos, Joyce Andreia Dos; Passos, Regina Meneguetti; Agostinho, Angelo Antonio; Bialetzki, Andréa

    2017-11-24

    The early development of Tatia neivai (Ihering 1930) was analyzed (i) to characterize its morphological, morphometric and meristic development; and (ii) to examine its possible ontogenic variation as a result of the development of structures and organs necessary for survival. Samples were collected in the Baía River, basin Paraná River, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, between February 1999 and April 2000. After identification, the specimens were separated according to notochord development, and the morphometric and meristic characters were measured and counted. Forty-seven larvae and one juvenile with standard length ranging from 6.10 to 23.10 mm were analyzed. Larvae exhibit a cylindrical and highly pigmented body, small eyes, short intestine, terminal mouth, one pair of maxillary barbels and two pairs of mentonian barbels (relatively short). The juveniles presented a body shape similar to their adults. The total number of myomeres (33-35, 12 to 14 pre-anal and 20 to 23 postanal). Number of fin rays: dorsal I+4, anal I+9; pectoral I+5 and ventral six. During ontogeny, morphological changes observed in T. neivai have important ecological consequences, especially between flexion and postflexion stages (metamorphosis) when the larvae develop all necessary structures for its survival, such as locomotion and feeding.

  20. Man-biting activity of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus albimanus and An. (Kerteszia neivai (Diptera: Culicidae in the Pacific Lowlands of Colombia

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    Yezid Solarte

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available The daily man-biting activity of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus albimanus and An. (Kerteszia neivai was determined in four ecologically distinct settlements of the Naya River, Department of Valle, Colombia. Differences were found among the settlements with respect to the mosquito species present, intradomiciliary and extradomiciliary biting activity and population densities.

  1. Texturized pinto bean protein fortification in straight dough bread formulation

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    Pinto beans were milled and then air-classified to obtain a raw high protein fraction (RHPF) followed by extrusion to texturize the protein fraction. The texturized high protein fraction (THPF) was then milled to obtain flour, and combined with wheat flour at 5%, 10%, and 15% levels to make bread. A...

  2. Anthropophilic biting behaviour of Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai Howard, Dyar & Knab associated with Fishermen’s activities in a malaria-endemic area in the Colombian Pacific

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    Jesus Eduardo Escovar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available On the southwest Pacific Coast of Colombia, a field study was initiated to determine the human-vector association between Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai and fishermen, including their nearby houses. Mosquitoes were collected over 24-h periods from mangrove swamps, marshlands and fishing vessels in three locations, as well as in and around the houses of fishermen. A total of 6,382 mosquitoes were collected. An. neivai was most abundant in mangroves and fishing canoes (90.8%, while Anopheles albimanus was found indoors (82% and outdoors (73%. One An. neivai and one An. albimanus collected during fishing activities in canoes were positive for Plasmodium vivax , whereas one female An. neivai collected in a mangrove was positive for P. vivax . In the mangroves and fishing canoes, An. neivai demonstrated biting activity throughout the day, peaking between 06:00 pm-07:00 pm and there were two minor peaks at dusk and dawn. These peaks coincided with fishing activities in the marshlands and mangroves, a situation that places the fishermen at risk of contracting malaria when they are performing their daily activities. It is recommended that protective measures be implemented to reduce the risk that fishermen will contract malaria.

  3. Phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae in the Speleological Province of the Ribeira Valley: 3. Serra district - area of hostels for tourists who visit the Parque Estadual do Alto Ribeira (PETAR, state of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae in the Speleological Province of the Ribeira Valley: 3. Area of hostels for tourists who visit the Parque Estadual do Alto Ribeira (PETAR, state of São Paulo, Brazil. The study characterizes some ecological aspects of the phlebotomine fauna in an endemic area of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL situated in the Serra district, Iporanga municipality where the hostels for tourists visiting the PETAR are located. Captures were undertaken on a smallholding and a small farm situated near the hostels, monthly between January/2001 and December/2003 with automatic light traps (ALT in pigsty, hen-house and veranda of a domicile at the two sites, and in peridomicile of the small farm also with black/white Shannon traps. With the ALT a total of 87,224 phlebotomines representing 19 species and also two hybrids of Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva and Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto and two anomalous specimens were captured. The standardized index species abundance was for Ny. intermedia = 1.0 and Ny. neivai = 0.935. The highest frequencies of the smallholding occurred in the pigsty, the Williams' mean/capture for Ny. intermedia being 63.7 specimens and for Ny. neivai 29.2, and on the small farm, in the hen-house, Ny. intermedia 402.6 and Ny. neivai 116.2. A total of 863 phlebotomines (Ny. intermedia: 75.4%; Ny. neivai: 24.3% were captured with black/white Shannon traps; females of both species being predominant in the white trap. The high frequencies of Ny. intermedia and Ny. neivai, both implicated in CL transmission, indicate the areas presenting risk of the disease.

  4. Further Comments on Pinto Points and Their Dating

    OpenAIRE

    Meighan, Clement W.

    1989-01-01

    Volume 9, No. 2, of Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology included two lengthy articles intended to clarify the nature and dating of so-called Pinto points (Jenkins 1987; Vaughan and Warren 1987). These discussions were laudable attempts to define a widespread point type in the Great Basin and to provide a dating for it. They grew out of the reality of Great Basin archaeology, which has few sites with any depth or undisturbed stratigraphy, and except for dry caves consists largel...

  5. Acoustic signals in the sand fly Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia (Diptera: Psychodidae

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    Peixoto Alexandre A

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acoustic signals are part of the courtship of many insects and they often act as species-specific signals that are important in the reproductive isolation of closely related species. Here we report the courtship songs of the sand fly Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, one of the main vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. Findings Recordings were performed using insects from three localities from Eastern Brazil: Posse and Jacarepaguá in Rio de Janeiro State and Corte de Pedra in Bahia State. The three areas have remnants of the Brazilian Atlantic forest, they are endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis and L. intermedia is the predominant sand fly species. We observed that during courtship L. intermedia males from all populations produced pulse songs consisting of short trains. No significant differences in song parameters were observed between the males of the three localities. Conclusions L. intermedia males produce acoustic signals as reported for some other sand flies such as the sibling species of the Lutzomyia longipalpis complex. The lack of differences between the males from the three localities is consistent with previous molecular studies of the period gene carried out in the same populations, reinforcing the idea that L. intermedia is not a species complex in the studied areas and that the three populations are likely to have similar vectorial capacities.

  6. Acoustic signals in the sand fly Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia (Diptera: Psychodidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Acoustic signals are part of the courtship of many insects and they often act as species-specific signals that are important in the reproductive isolation of closely related species. Here we report the courtship songs of the sand fly Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia, one of the main vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. Findings Recordings were performed using insects from three localities from Eastern Brazil: Posse and Jacarepaguá in Rio de Janeiro State and Corte de Pedra in Bahia State. The three areas have remnants of the Brazilian Atlantic forest, they are endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis and L. intermedia is the predominant sand fly species. We observed that during courtship L. intermedia males from all populations produced pulse songs consisting of short trains. No significant differences in song parameters were observed between the males of the three localities. Conclusions L. intermedia males produce acoustic signals as reported for some other sand flies such as the sibling species of the Lutzomyia longipalpis complex. The lack of differences between the males from the three localities is consistent with previous molecular studies of the period gene carried out in the same populations, reinforcing the idea that L. intermedia is not a species complex in the studied areas and that the three populations are likely to have similar vectorial capacities. PMID:21569534

  7. Properties of pinto beans air-classified high starch fraction and its extrudates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto beans were milled and air classified to obtain a high starch fraction, and then extruded. Properties of non-extruded high starch fraction (NE-HSF) and extruded high starch fraction (E-HSF) were compared with whole pinto flour (WPF). Composition (d.b.) of WPF was 4% ash, 1.6% extractable lipid ...

  8. Acceptability and characterization of extruded pinto, navy and black beans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Courtney W; Hall, Clifford; Tulbek, Mehmet; Mendis, Mihiri; Heck, Taylor; Ogunyemi, Samuel

    2015-08-30

    Consumption of dry beans has been relatively flat over the last decade. Creating new bean products may increase the consumption of beans and allow more consumers to obtain the health benefits of beans. In this study, pinto, navy and black beans were milled and the resulting flours extruded into puffs. Unflavored extruded puffs were evaluated by untrained panelists using a hedonic scale for appearance, flavor, texture and overall acceptability. The compositions of raw flours and extrudates were characterized. Sensory results indicated that all beans met or exceeded the minimum requirement for acceptability. Overall acceptability of navy and pinto beans was not significantly different, while acceptability of black bean puffs was significantly lower. Total protein (198-217 g kg(-1)) in extrudates was significantly different among the three beans. Total starch ranged from 398 to 406 g kg(-1) and was not significantly different. Resistant starch, total extractable lipid and raffinose contents were significantly reduced by extrusion. Extrusion did not affect crude fiber and phytic acid contents. The minimal effects on protein and fiber contents, the significant reduction in raffinose content and the acceptability of the unflavored extruded puffs support using various bean flours as ingredients in extruded puffed products. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  9. Casa consistorial en Pinto. Madrid/España

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    Ruiz Palomeque, Gerardo

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available All the basical principles in which was founded the building design and execution of the New Town-Hall in Pinto-Madrid are described and commented in this article. The singularity of the building correspond to an integrated action of all the aesthetical, environmental, functional and constructive conditionings (it is about the enlargement of the existant little Town-Hall and simultaneously, to an attempt to reach, through its design, the needed climatic control of the indoors. This is the fundamental characteristic of the so called bioclimatic Architecture from which this building is the most representative contemporary work built in Spain. In the same way it is described the scheme of its performances as an autoregulation system of the environmental parametres within a convenient situation stable in time. The building obtain almost all the heat energy from a collector wall, of Trombe type, placed in the southern fagade and it is supported by a heat pump impulsion system, and it stores all the exceeding energy produced in favourable periods in a great gravel accumulator located under the floor of the basement.

    En el presente artículo se describen y comentan todos aquellos principios básicos en que se fundamentó el proyecto y la ejecución de las Obras de la Nueva Casa Consistorial del Ayuntamiento de Pinto (Madrid. La singularidad del edificio se debe a que se trata de dar en él una respuesta integrada ante todos los condicionantes estéticos, medioambientales, funcionales y constructivos (se trata de la ampliación del pequeño Ayuntamiento existente, con simultaneidad al intento de lograr, por su propio diseño, el necesario control climático interior. Esta es la característica fundamental de la llamada Arquitectura Bioclimática, de la que este edificio es la muestra contemporánea más importante realizada en España. Asimismo se describe su esquema de funcionamiento como un sistema capaz de autorregular sus par

  10. Texturized pinto bean protein fortification in straight dough bread formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Courtney W; Hunt-Schmidt, Emily; Simsek, Senay; Hall, Clifford; Biswas, Atanu

    2014-09-01

    Pinto beans were milled and then air-classified to obtain a raw high protein fraction (RHPF) followed by extrusion to texturize the protein fraction. The texturized high protein fraction (THPF) was then milled to obtain flour, and combined with wheat flour at 5, 10, and 15% levels to make bread. The air-classification process produced flour with high concentration of lipids and phytic acid in the protein-rich fraction. However, extrusion significantly reduced hexane extractable lipid and phytic acid. However, the reduction observed may simply indicate a reduction in recovery due to bind with other components. Total protein and lysine contents in composite flours increased significantly as THPF levels increased in composite flour. Bread made with 5% THPF had 48% more lysine than the 100 % wheat flour (control). The THPF helped to maintain dough strength by reducing mixing tolerance index (MTI), maintaining dough stability and increasing departure time on Farinograph. Bread loaf volume was significantly reduced above 5% THPF addition. THPF increased water absorption causing an increase in bread weights by up to 6%. Overall, loaf quality deteriorated at 10 and 15% THPF levels while bread with 5% THPF was not significantly different from the control. These results support the addition of 5% THPF as a means to enhance lysine content of white pan bread.

  11. Evaluation of three pinto bean varieties under drought and irrigation in Durango, Mexico.

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    Aurelio Pedroza-Sandoval

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to identify the behavioral response in growth and physiology on three bean varieties under irrigation and drought. The study was conducted in 2014 at the experimental campus from the Autonomous University of Chapingo, Regional University Unit of the Arid Zones, Durango, Mexico. A randomized block design with three replications in a split plot arrangement was used. The plots were the soil moisture contents: favorable, near to Field Capacity (FC: 22-26% and unfavorable, near to Permanent Wilting Point (PWP: 16-20%; subplots were varieties of beans: Pinto Centauro, Pinto Americano, and Pinto Saltillo. The variety Pinto Centauro had the greatest plant height (10.2 cm, vegetation cover (155.1 cm2, and dry matter production per plant (5.2 g and, physiologically, it showed an outstanding water use efficiency (15.8 μmol CO2: μmol H20. The variety Pinto Americano was the most stable in growth and development when changing from the favorable moisture condition (CC to the hydric stress condition (PWP, which makes it more viable under restrictive water availability conditions, but also more susceptible to root rot, associated to soil pathogens.

  12. Jorge Pinto Ribeiro: uma vida dedicada à Cardiologia

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    Luis Eduardo Paim Rohde

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Go back to Brazil and change your environment!” Eugene Braunwald   Com esta missão o então jovem cardiologista Jorge Pinto Ribeiro se despedia em 1985 da cidade de Boston, para regressar a Porto Alegre. Jorge devotou sua vida profissional para tornar esta missão realidade. Jorge havia se graduado pela Faculdade de Medicina de UFRGS em 1978. Quando jovem sempre gostou de esportes e sua fascinação não diminui ao longo do curso da medicina, participando das atividades do Laboratório de Pesquisa do Exercício (LAPEX da Escola de Educação Física.  Jorge teve sua iniciação na pesquisa científica influenciada de forma marcante pelo professor Eduardo Henrique De Rose, idealizador do LAPEX. Após a graduação, realizou residência em Medicina Interna no Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre (1979-81, simultaneamente com o curso de Especialização em Medicina do Esporte na então Fundação Universidade Federal de Ciências Médicas. Com esta base e através das relações com o grupo de pesquisa do LAPEX, rumou para a Boston University onde começou o seu doutorado em Fisiologia Aplicada em 1981. Fruto de desempenho destacado nos primeiros anos em Boston, foi convidado para realizar fellowship em Cardiologia Clínica no prestigiado Brigham and Women’s Hospital, hospital afiliado da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Harvard. Este período da sua vida acadêmica o colocou em posições privilegiadas no âmbito da pesquisa cardiovascular e lhe rendeu suas primeiras publicações internacionais de impacto, e que até hoje rendem citações por sua relevância cientifica.

  13. Evaluation of the Beneficial Effects of Triple Intercropping of Maize (Zea mays L., Pinto Been (Phaseolus vulgaris L.

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    P. Moradi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the benefits of maize, pinto bean and naked pumpkin triple cropping, an experiment was carried out as a randomized complete block design with three replications at Faculty of Agricultural Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran in 2012. The treatments consisted of maize, pinto bean and naked pumpkin sole cropping (100, 75 and 50% of conventional densities, maize – pinto bean and maize – pumpkin double cropping (100-100%, 75-75% and 50-50%, and maize-pinto bean-pumpkin triple cropping (100-100-100%, 75-75-75% and 50-50-50%. The highest and lowest forage fresh weights were obtained in triple cropping system with high density and sole cropping systems with low density, respectively. In double cropping systems, the maize-pumpkin out-yielded the maize-pinto bean in terms of fresh weight. The relative crowding coefficient, competitive ratio and aggressivity of maize in double cropping of maize-pinto bean and naked pumpkin in double cropping of maize-naked pumpkin were dominant. In triple cropping systems, while maize and naked pumpkin were comparable, but both of the latter crops were dominant over pinto bean. Land Equivalent Ratio (LER for double and triple cropping was greater than one, revealing the profitability of double and triple cropping systems on sole cropping. According to the LER, the cropping systems can be ranked as follows: triple cropping > double cropping maize/pinto bean > double cropping maize/pumpkin

  14. Qualidade de pintos em função do microclima, tempo de espera e idade de matrizes

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    Juliano R. de Camargo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOPropôs-se avaliar a influência das condições microclimáticas do tempo de espera na sala de pintos do incubatório sobre a qualidade final dos pintos de um dia, oriundos de matrizes de diferentes idades. Foi mensurada a massa de 1440 ovos férteis, divididos em três lotes de 480 ovos cada um referentes às idades de matrizes (46, 54 e 64 semanas. Após o nascimento os pintos foram selecionados, sexados e subdivididos nas três idades de matrizes e em três tempos de espera (0, 14 e 28 h. Também foram instalados dataloggers na sala de espera e nas caixas de pintos para o monitoramento da temperatura do ar, umidade relativa e entalpia específica. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 2 x 3 x 3 com 50 repetições. As variáveis respostas analisadas foram: massa corporal dos pintos, temperatura cloacal, temperatura superficial média e frequência respiratória. O tempo de espera e as condições microclimáticas da sala de pintos do incubatório influenciaram no conforto térmico dos pintos. O melhor tempo de espera dos pintos foi o de 0 h. O maior percentual de perda de massa dos pintos devido ao tempo de espera foi observado nos pintos oriundos de matrizes com 54 semanas de idade.

  15. Passagens para o Estado-nação: a tese de Costa Pinto Passages to the nation-state: the Costa Pinto's thesis

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    André Botelho

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute uma pesquisa clássica da tradição sociológica brasileira: Lutas de famílias no Brasil (1949, de Luiz de Aguiar Costa Pinto. O objetivo principal é evidenciar e analisar sua significação teórica mais ampla para o entendimento da formação do Estado-nação no Brasil. Mostra como Lutas de famílias no Brasil contribui para desestabilizar a oposição dualista com que a relação entre público e privado vinha sendo interpretada no pensamento social brasileiro.The article discusses a classical research of Brazilian sociological tradition: Lutas de famílias no Brasil (1949, by Luiz de Aguiar Costa Pinto. The main objective is to demonstrate and analyze their theoretical meaning for understanding the formation of the Nation-state in Brazil. It shows how Costa Pinto's research contributes to destabilize the dualistic opposition between public and private on the Brazilian social thought.

  16. Uma Polêmica Esquecida: Costa Pinto, Guerreiro Ramos e o Tema das Relações Raciais

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    Chor Maio Marcos

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on Luiz de Aguiar Costa Pinto?s and Alberto Guerreiro Ramos? sociological production on the issue of race relations. Noteworthy contributors to the social sciences during the 1945-64 period, these two sociologists were selected not only for the importance of their work but also because of their polemic regarding ethnic intercourse. Costa Pinto?s and Guerreiro Ramos? analyses of the issue reveal two distinct patterns of sociological work. Yet it must be underscored that when these two intellectuals approached race relations, each in his own way, they were devoting themselves primarily to the era?s driving issues ¾ social change and the process of Brazilian development

  17. Pinto Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. as a Functional Food: Implications on Human Health

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    Vicki Schlegel

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Most foods are considered functional in terms of providing nutrients and energy to sustain daily life, but dietary systems that are capable of preventing or remediating a stressed or diseased state are classified as functional foods. Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. contain high levels of chemically diverse components (phenols, resistance starch, vitamins, fructooligosaccharides that have shown to protect against such conditions as oxidative stress, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and many types of cancer, thereby positioning this legume as an excellent functional food. Moreover, the United States has a rich dry bean history and is currently a top producer of dry beans in the world with pinto beans accounting for the vast majority. Despite these attributes, dry bean consumption in the US remains relatively low. Therefore, the objective of this manuscript is to review dry beans as an important US agricultural crop and as functional food for the present age with an emphasis on pinto beans.

  18. Supplier relationship management and value creation for buyer: Case Pintos Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Saarikoski, Anki

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to offer recommendations for the case company Pintos Oy on creation of a new supplier relationship they are starting a project with. The challenges of this study were divided into theory related and case company related objectives. Theoretical objectives were: 1) what is the definition of supplier relationship management and relationship value, 2) how can supplier relationships be categorized, 3) what are the advantages and disadvantages of building a close supp...

  19. O JARDIM DE SI: o imaginário de CLAUDIA ROQUETTE-PINTO

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    Antonio Rediver Guizzo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A lírica de Claudia Roquette-Pinto encontra no ambiente do jardim, simulacro miniaturizado do mundo natural, as imagens que compõem a representação simbólica do conflito surgido entre o eu e o mundo, e intensa reflexão metapoética. As imagens recorrentes da queda, da flor, da escuridão e do corpo que enformam a materialidade simbólica de Roquette-Pinto revelam uma lírica constituída em uma zona de transição, estabelecida entre saturação da ordem social orientada pelo aproveitamento racional do mundo e pela dominação da natureza, e a insurgência pós-moderna de uma ordem ecológica, na qual se privilegia a fruição mais livre do presente. A abordagem metodológica escolhida para adentrar a lírica de Claudia Roquette-Pinto orienta-se a partir da teoria das estruturas antropológicas do imaginário proposta por Gilbert Durand conjuntamente com as reflexões sobre a sociedade contemporânea presentes na obra do sociólogo Michel Maffesoli. Na primeira e segunda seção do artigo, apresentam-se brevemente considerações sobre o imaginário e o estruturalismo figurativo de Gilbert Durand; na terceira seção analisa-se um pequeno recorte da lírica de Roquette-Pinto.

  20. In search of Brazil: Edgard Roquette-Pinto and the Brazilian anthropological portrait (1905-1935

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    Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The thesis deals with the history of physical anthropology and the debates on race and nation at the beginning of the twentieth century, focusing on the anthropological studies carried out by the physician and anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto. As a scientist linked to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro between 1905 and 1935, he was dedicated to research on anthropology and ethnography of Brazil, through which he sought not only to describe the formative racial characteristics of the country, but also to evaluate the biological feasibility, psychological character and social conditions of the population. By linking Roquette-Pinto's nationalist activism, his public actions and his dialogue with the anthropological thought of the time, the thesis analyzes the relations between anthropology, nation and politics, highlighting the national and international frontiers involved in the debate. Roquette-Pinto's anthropology was based both on a national context and Brazilian intellectual and scientific concerns, and the international debate on race and populations. On the one hand, the thesis analyzes the dialogue and the controversies between the anthropologist and Brazilian writers, such as Euclides da Cunha, Manoel Bomfim, Oliveira Vianna, Renato Kehl and Gilberto Freyre, seeking to understand how controversies about racial miscegenation, immigration and the settlement of Brazil were central to the construction of interpretations, diagnostics and projects of national reform. On the other hand, the work shows how his anthropological writing was constructed in dialogue with physical anthropologists, historians and foreign eugenists, mostly German and American, including Charles Davenport, Madison Grant, Eugen Fischer, Rüdiger Bilden and Franz Boas. One of the arguments defended here is that the anthropology of Roquette-Pinto becomes more intelligible when analyzing the international debate involving anthropological studies and intellectual

  1. In search of Brazil: Edgard Roquette-Pinto and the Brazilian anthropological portrait (1905-1935)

    OpenAIRE

    Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza

    2012-01-01

    The thesis deals with the history of physical anthropology and the debates on race and nation at the beginning of the twentieth century, focusing on the anthropological studies carried out by the physician and anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto. As a scientist linked to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro between 1905 and 1935, he was dedicated to research on anthropology and ethnography of Brazil, through which he sought not only to describe the formative racial characteristics of the co...

  2. Consumer acceptability of gluten-free cookies containing raw cooked and germinated pinto bean flours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Courtney Wayne; Hall, Clifford

    2018-01-01

    Beany and grassy flavors in raw edible bean flours reduce consumer acceptability of bean-based baked products. In order to improve consumer acceptability, beans may be further processed by cooking and germination. However, these operations drive up the cost of end-products. Therefore, it is necessary to develop formulations, using raw edible bean flours that have acceptable sensory attributes. In this study, cooked, germinated, and germinated/steam-blanched (GSB) pinto bean flours were used to make gluten-free cookies, and their sensory characteristics evaluated to determine how their consumer acceptability scores compared. Taste panelists (31) graded cookies made from raw pinto beans with an overall value of 6 on a 9-point hedonic scale ( p  cookies formulated with germinated and GSB flours. Therefore, gluten-free cookies can be made using raw pinto bean flours at a 40% inclusion level, with similar sensory characteristics as those prepared with flours treated by cooking and germination. Instrumental measurement of cookie hardness and color showed no significant difference in hardness, but significant differences in color. The germinated bean flour produced cookies with a significantly lower L* value and significantly higher a*, b*, Chroma and hue values compared to the other treatments. There was no significant difference in the cookie spread ratio. Proximate composition, water absorption index (WAI), water solubility index (WSI) and gelatinization properties of the flour treatments were characterized.

  3. Co-occurrence and seasonal and environmental distributions of the sandflies Lutzomyia longipalpis and Nyssomyia whitmani in the city of Puerto Iguazú, northeastern Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santini, M S; Fernández, M S; Cavia, R; Salomón, O D

    2017-11-27

    The aim of this work was to study the distribution of Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psycodidade) abundance in time and space in an area in northeastern Argentina with vector transmission of visceral and tegumentary leishmaniasis. For this, 51 households were selected using a 'worst scenario' criterion where one light trap was set during two consecutive nights in peridomiciles in the transitions between the four seasons, and the environment was surveyed simultaneously. The relationships of phlebotomine assemblage structure and the most abundant species with seasonality and environmental variables were evaluated using a canonical correspondence analysis and generalized linear mixed models, respectively. A total of 5110 individuals were captured. Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939) were the most abundant species captured in all samplings (98.3% of the total capture). The period of highest abundance of Lu. longipalpis was early autumn, and it was distributed in the most urbanized areas. Nyssomyia whitmani occupied mainly the less urbanized areas, showing peaks of abundance in early spring and summer. Other species were captured in low numbers and showed seasonal-spatial variations similar to those of Ny. whitmani. We confirmed Leishmania spp. vector persistence throughout the year in spatial patches of high abundance even during the less favorable season. © 2017 The Royal Entomological Society.

  4. Cowpeas and pinto beans: yields and light efficiency of candidate space crops in the Laboratory Biosphere closed ecological system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, M.; Dempster, W. F.; Silverstone, S.; Alling, A.; Allen, J. P.; van Thillo, M.

    An experiment utilizing cowpeas Vigna unguiculata pinto beans Phaseolus vulgaris L and Apogee ultra-dwarf wheat was conducted in the soil-based closed ecological facility Laboratory Biosphere from February to May 2005 The lighting regime was 13 hours light 11 hours dark at a light intensity of 960 mu mol m -2 s -1 45 moles m -2 day -1 supplied by high-pressure sodium lamps The pinto beans and cowpeas were grown at two different plant densities The pinto bean produced 710 g m -2 total aboveground biomass and 341 g m -2 at 33 5 plants per m 2 and at 37 5 plants per m 2 produced 1092 g m -2 total biomass and 537 g m -2 of dry seed an increase of almost 50 Cowpeas at 28 plants m -2 yielded 1060 g m -2 of total biomass and 387 g seed m -2 outproducing the less dense planting by more than double 209 in biomass and 86 more seed as the planting of 21 plants m -2 produced 508 g m-2 of total biomass and 209 g m-2 of seed Edible yield rate EYR for the denser cowpea bean was 4 6 g m -2 day -1 vs 2 5 g m -2 day -1 for the less dense stand average yield was 3 5 g m -2 day -1 EYR for the denser pinto bean was 8 5 g m -2 day -1 vs 5 3 g m -2 day -1 average EYR for the pinto beans was 7 0 g m -2 day -1 Yield efficiency rate YER the ratio of edible to non-edible biomass was 0 97 for the dense pinto bean 0 92 for the less dense pinto bean and average 0 94 for the entire crop The cowpeas

  5. Reconhecimento do psiquiatra Jurandyr Manfredini entre estudantes da Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto, 1954-1955

    OpenAIRE

    Louise Vieira de Mello Vidal; Wellington Mendonça de Amorim

    2008-01-01

    Estudio histórico-social basado en el análisis documental, acerca del reconocimiento del alumnado de la Escuela de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto al psiquiatra Jurandyr Manfredini, confiriéndole la primera designación de su Dirección Académica. En asumir la administración del Servicio Nacional de Enfermedades Mentales, Manfredini pasó a desarrollar una relación de proximidad con el alumnado del EEAP, siendo activo no sólo en que se refiere a sus funciones administrativas sino también...

  6. Science and miscegenation in the early twentieth century: Edgard Roquette-Pinto's debates and controversies with US physical anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Vanderlei Sebastião de

    2016-01-01

    The article analyzes Brazilian anthropologist Edgard Roquette-Pinto's participation in the international debate that involved the field of physical anthropology and discussions on miscegenation in the first decades of the twentieth century. Special focus is on his readings and interpretations of a group of US anthropologists and eugenicists and his controversies with them, including Charles Davenport, Madison Grant, and Franz Boas. The article explores the various ways in which Roquette-Pinto interpreted and incorporated their ideas and how his anthropological interpretations took on new meanings when they moved beyond Brazil's borders.

  7. Biología de Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae en la Costa Pacifica de Colombia: IV - Estructura etárea y transmisión de malaria Biologia do Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae na Costa do Pacífico Colombiano: IV - Estrutura etária e transmissão da malária Biology of Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae on the Pacific Coast of Colombia: IV - Age structure and malaria transmission

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    César Murillo B.

    1989-10-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de determinar la dinamica de transmisión de malaria en el poblado de Charambirá (Chocó, Colombia, se estudió la estructura etárea de Anopheles neivai (reconocido vector en la Costa Pacífica con base en su estado gonadotrófico. Se recolectaron mosquitos intradomiciliarmente durante el crepúsculo vespertino con cebos humanos y aspiradores bucales. Los mosquitos recolectados se mantuvieron en cajas cilíndricas de cartón con papel humedecido y dispensadores alimenticios hasta su disección al día siguiente. De los 200 mosquitos disecados entre septiembre y octubre de 1986,68 (34% presentaban huellas de menos de tres oviposturas y los restantes (66% habían efectuado al menos tres oviposturas. La diferencia entre el primer grupo considerado como mosquitos "no infectivos" y el segundo considerado como los "potencialmente infectivos" fue altamente significativa (X² = 10,68; P = 0,001. El 1,5% de A. neivai estudiados presentaban huellas correspondientes a 10 oviposturas mostrando una marcada longevidad y múltiples alimentaciones sanguíneas. Los resultados sugieren que existe un alto riesgo de contraer malaria en Charambirá durante el crepúsculo vespertino.Com o intuito de determinar a dinâmica de transmissão da malária no povoado de Charambirá (Chocó, Colômbia, foi estudada a estrutura etária do mosquito Anopheles neivai (reconhecido vetor da Costa Pacífica com base em seu estado gonadotrófico. As coletas foram realizadas intradomiciliarmente no crepúsculo vespertino com isca humana e auxílio de tubos de sucção manual. Os mosquitos coletados foram mantidos em caixas cilíndricas de papelão, contendo papel umidecido e alimento. Dos 200 mosquitos dissecados entre setembro e outubro de 1986, 68 (34% apresentaram vestígios de menos de três oviposturas (oviposições e os demais (66% apresentavam, pelo menos, três ovipoturas. A diferença entre o primeiro grupo considerado como mosquitos "não infectantes" e o

  8. Study of the environmental effects of sanitary landfill in Pinto, Madrid (Spain); Estudio de la influencia del vertedero de residuos solidos urbanos de Pinto (Comunidad de Madrid) y su entorno

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorronsoro, J.L.; Carreras, N.; Sanchez, D.M.; Quejido, A.; Sanchez, M.; Herranz, I.; Fernandez, M.E.

    1996-10-01

    Here we report the results obtained in the studies of the environmental affection of a municipal solid waste (MSW) Landfill (Pinto, spain). For this purpose samples of waters, soils, sediments, vegetation and leachates were analyzed during three years (1990-1993). The results do not indicate environmental affection, due to the favourable situation (low permeability and runoff and low population density) of the landfill.

  9. Modification of whole flours of navy bean, pinto bean, black bean and chickpea by steam jet cooking and drum drying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whole bean flours of navy bean, pinto bean, black bean and chickpea were processed by excess steam jet cooking, drum drying, and milling to a state resembling the raw flours. Analysis of the structure and size of the particles, color, solubility and pasting characteristics, dietary fiber, and protei...

  10. Application of new technologies in archeology of the Civil War: The Yesares, Pinto (Madrid

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    Miguel Ángel Díaz Moreno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The surveys carried out in the municipality of Pinto (Madrid have enabled us to locate various structural remains linked to the military operations that took place around the capital during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939. In order to identify and record them, surveys were complemented with the use of GPS and air photographs from different time periods. Afterwards, and in collaboration with researchers from various universities, further methods aimed at generating a complete special representation of the area were applied directly to one of the sites which produced the best results, known as "los Yesares". These methods include topographic mapping that resulted in cartographic material at different scales, the photographic recording with flying Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, and the use of land scanners and GPS-corrected photogrammetrics with which to obtain 3D models.

  11. Effect of Micronutrients on Growth and Yield of Pinto Bean under Irrigation– cutback Treatments

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    M. Roshdi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available To study the effect of micronutrients and irrigation cutback at different development stages on vegetative characteristics and yield of pinto bean (Talash cultivar, an experiment was carried out at Agricultural Research Station of Khoy in 2009. This experiment was performed as strip split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with 3 replications. Treatments included irrigation as the main factor at 3 levels (conventional irrigation (control, irrigation cutback at podding stage, irrigation cutback at seed-filling stage, and application of micronutrients (boron, zinc and manganese as sub factor at 4 levels (soil treatment, one foliar application, two foliar applications, and control (no micronutrients application. According to the results, irrigation levels had significant effects on height of the first branch above the ground, stem diameter, seed yield, biological yield and protein content of the seeds. By irrigation cutback at podding and seed-filling stages, the seed yield decreased from 2647 kg/ha to 1269 and 1920 kg/ha, respectively. Micronutrients treatments had also significant effects on number of branches per plant, height of the first branch above the ground, stem diameter, seed yield, biological yield and protein percent. The highest seed yield (2379 kg/ha was in two foliar applications, which was 893 kg/ha more than control (no micronutrients application. The highest protien content (26.8% belonged to irrigation at control level and two foliar applications of micronutrients. The general result of this research shows that due to high sensitivity of pinto bean to water deficiency, irrigation at conventional level with two foliar applications of micronutrients is recommendable to improve its growth.

  12. Biologia de Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae en la costa Pacífica de Colombia: II. Fluctuación de la población adulta Biologia do Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae na costa do Pacífico Colombiano: II. Flutuação da população adulta Biology of Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae on the Pacific Coast of Colombia: II. Adult population fluctuation

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    Rodrigo Astaiza V.

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available En la localidad de Charambirá, situada en el município de Istmina (Chocó en la costa Pacífica de Colombia, se presenta un problema de malaria endémica asociada con grandes poblaciones de mosquitos Anopheles del subgénero Kerteszia (A. neivai. Estos se crían en las colecciones de agua formadas por plantas epífitas de la família Bromeliaceae, que son muy abundantes en los árboles de mangle. En esa localidad se estudiaron: fluctuación poblacional y algunos aspectos ecológicos y etológicos de los adultos de esa especie de mosquito, con el objetivo de determinar su papel en la transmisión de malaria. Todos los mosquitos fueron colectados por cebos humanos. Los picos máximos de actividad ocurrieron en las horas crepusculares de la mañana y de la tarde (5:30 a 6:30 y 18:00 a 19:00 horas. En el período nocturno la actividad intradomiciliar fue baja y no hubo ninguna durante el día. El estado gonadotrófico de las hembras colectadas durante nos picos de actividad, mostró la existencia de dos poblaciones de mosquitos: una, en su mayoría individuos jóvenes que buscan su alimento en las horas de la tarde y la otra compuesta por individuos mas longevos, que buscan su alimento en la mañana. El estudio de la variación estacional mostró que las poblaciones son bajas en los meses de poca precipitación, pero a medida que aumenta el índice pluviométrico, aumenta el número de mosquitos. Se discute la relación que existe entre la presencia de los mosquitos y la prevalencia de malaria humana; se sugiere que A. neivai puede ser el responsable de la transmisión de malaria en la zona estudiada.Na localidade de Charambirá, situada no Municipio de Istmina (Chocó, na costa do Pacífico Colombiano, ocorre um tipo de malária endêmica associada com grandes populações de Anopheles do subgênero Kerteszia (A. neivai. Estes criam-se em coleções de água formadas por plantas epífitas pertencentes à família Bromeliaceae, as quais são muito

  13. Eclectic feeding behavior of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae in the transmission area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis, state of Paraná, Brazil

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    Mauricio Baum

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The blood meal source of sandflies provides valuable information about the vector/host interaction and allows for an understanding of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL transmission mechanisms. The aim of this study was to identify the blood meal sources of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia in an endemic area of leishmaniasis in Brazil's State of Paraná using a precipitin test. Methods Sandflies were collected in the rural locality of Epitácio Pessoa within the City of Adrianópolis, State of Paraná, in southern Brazil. A total of 864 female sandflies were captured, and 862 (99.8% were identified as L. intermedia species. However, two unidentified specimens were considered to be part of the genus Lutzomyia. Results Among the females examined, 396 specimens presented reactions to a certain type of tested antiserum, and most (67.9% reacted to the simple type. These sandflies fed mainly on the blood of birds, opossums, and rodents, but specimens that fed on the blood of humans, dogs, horses, cattle, and cats were also found. Among the cross-reactions found (32.1%, bird/rodent, bird/opossum, bird/dog, bird/human, and horse/dog cross-reactions were the most common. Conclusions These results demonstrate a tendency in the eclectic feeding behavior of L. intermedia and support its potential role as a vector for ACL in the study area.

  14. Sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the urban area of the municipality of Cianorte, Paraná State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerino, Daniela A; Teodoro, Ueslei; Silveira, Thaís G V

    2009-01-01

    The endemicity of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in the Cianorte municipality, Paraná State the occurrence of human cases with the probable infection locus in the urban area, the presence of a permanently preserved modified native forest in the urban perimeter, and the lack of knowledge of the fauna of sand flies in the municipality provided the impetus for this study. The objective of this study was to assess the fauna, frequency and seasonality of the sand flies in the peridomicile, forest and urban area of this municipality. Sand flies were collected using Falcão light traps installed in the peridomicile and forest, from July 2005 to June 2006. A total of 755 sand flies were collected; Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho) (84.0%), followed by Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto) (12.7%) were the predominant species. The number of sand flies collected in the peridomicile was significantly higher than in the forest (P = 0.0068). The small number of sand flies collected, especially in the forest, may be related to the modifications to the environment on the edge of the Parque Cinturão Verde, which surrounds the urban area of the municipality. Five species of sand flies were distinguished in the urban area of Cianorte, with greater frequencies found in the peridomicile, especially from November to April. Our data illustrate the necessity of maintaining the measures that contributed to reduce human contact with sand flies, thereby reducing the transmission risk of ACL.

  15. Biological, morphological and morphometric studies of Triatoma melanocephala Neiva & Pinto, 1923 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Oliveira, Jader; Mendonça, Vagner J; De Araújo, Renato Freitas; Nascimento, Eliane Góes; Da Rosa, João Aristeu

    2015-09-04

    Triatoma melanocephala Neiva & Pinto is found in the Brazilian states of Bahia, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, and Sergipe. In addition to the species' specific description, eight other articles on this insect were found in the literature. In this study, data was obtained on the morphology, morphometry, and life cycle of T. melanocephala, since this vector is of epidemiological and taxonomic importance. The specimens studied were obtained from a colony that has been kept at the Triatomine Insectarium of the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences of São Paulo State University's in Brazil. The morphological studies were performed using scanning electron microscopy. These studies characterized the eggs, the external adult female genitalia, and the ninth ventral abdominal segments of male and female nymphs. The morphometric studies characterized the five nymphal instars and the adult stage by measuring the head, thorax, abdomen, antennae, and mouthparts parameters. The life cycle of T. melanocephala was developed starting by 15 couples in the fifth instar. They were fed on Swiss mice every two weeks and observed daily. During daily observation, minimum temperature, maximum temperature, and relative humidity of the laboratory were measured. The results of the biological, morphometric, and morphological studies have increased the knowledge available on T. melanocephala.

  16. Biologia de Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae en la costa Pacífica de Colombia: I. Fluctuación de la población larval y características de sus criaderos Biologia de Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K,, 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae na costa do Pacífico Colombiano: I. Flutuação da população larval e características dos seus berçários (criadouros Biology of Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai H., D. & K., 1913 (Diptera: Culicidae on the Pacific coast of Colombia: I. Fluctuation of larval population and characteristics of the breeding places

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    César Murillo B.

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available En Charambirá, localidad del município de Istmina (Chocó en la costa Pacífica de Colombia, donde existe un problema de malaria endémica, se estudió la fluctuación de la población larval y las características de los criaderos de Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai, especie considerada como posible vectora de malaria en esa región del país. La vegetación circundante fue dividida en tres estratos de acuerdo al grado de cobertura foliar. Se demarcaron cuadrantes de 100 m² en cada estrato para el muestreo de plantas epífitas de la família Bromeliaceae, en las cuales se acumula agua que sirve como criadero para esta especie de anofelino. Se tomaron datos de temperatura, pH y volumen del agua contenida en cada bromelia. El mayor número de larvas se detectó en el estrato 1 (manglar a una altitud inferior a 4 m, pero no se encontró evidencia significativa de estratificación vertical de la población larval de A. neivai hasta los 8 m. Se evidenció una correlación lineal positiva entre el número de larvas y el volumen de agua contenida en cada bromelia; por otra parte se observó también una correlación directa entre la precipitación mensual acumulada y la fluctuación poblacional de esta especie. Los índices larvales mas altos se observaron entre los meses de marzo a abril y de julio a agosto. La mortalidad larval fue alta en el primer estadío (43,5% y solo un 23,7% sobrevivió hasta el cuarto.Em Charambirá, localidade do Município de Istmina (Chocó, na costa do Pacífico Colombiano, localidade endêmica de malária, estudou-se a flutuação da população larval e as características dos locais de criação do Anopheles (Kerteszia neivai, espécie considerada como possível vector da malária naquela região do país. A vegetação circundante foi dividida em três estratos segundo seu grau de cobertura foliar. Demarcaram-se quadrantes de 100 m² para a amostragem de plantas epífitas da família Bromeliaceae, nas quais se

  17. Ecological Niche Modelling Predicts Southward Expansion of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia flaviscutellata (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae, Vector of Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis in South America, under Climate Change.

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    Bruno M Carvalho

    Full Text Available Vector borne diseases are susceptible to climate change because distributions and densities of many vectors are climate driven. The Amazon region is endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis and is predicted to be severely impacted by climate change. Recent records suggest that the distributions of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia flaviscutellata and the parasite it transmits, Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis, are expanding southward, possibly due to climate change, and sometimes associated with new human infection cases. We define the vector's climatic niche and explore future projections under climate change scenarios. Vector occurrence records were compiled from the literature, museum collections and Brazilian Health Departments. Six bioclimatic variables were used as predictors in six ecological niche model algorithms (BIOCLIM, DOMAIN, MaxEnt, GARP, logistic regression and Random Forest. Projections for 2050 used 17 general circulation models in two greenhouse gas representative concentration pathways: "stabilization" and "high increase". Ensemble models and consensus maps were produced by overlapping binary predictions. Final model outputs showed good performance and significance. The use of species absence data substantially improved model performance. Currently, L. flaviscutellata is widely distributed in the Amazon region, with records in the Atlantic Forest and savannah regions of Central Brazil. Future projections indicate expansion of the climatically suitable area for the vector in both scenarios, towards higher latitudes and elevations. L. flaviscutellata is likely to find increasingly suitable conditions for its expansion into areas where human population size and density are much larger than they are in its current locations. If environmental conditions change as predicted, the range of the vector is likely to expand to southeastern and central-southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and further into the Amazonian areas of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador

  18. Ecological Niche Modelling Predicts Southward Expansion of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) flaviscutellata (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), Vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in South America, under Climate Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Bruno M; Rangel, Elizabeth F; Ready, Paul D; Vale, Mariana M

    2015-01-01

    Vector borne diseases are susceptible to climate change because distributions and densities of many vectors are climate driven. The Amazon region is endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis and is predicted to be severely impacted by climate change. Recent records suggest that the distributions of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) flaviscutellata and the parasite it transmits, Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, are expanding southward, possibly due to climate change, and sometimes associated with new human infection cases. We define the vector's climatic niche and explore future projections under climate change scenarios. Vector occurrence records were compiled from the literature, museum collections and Brazilian Health Departments. Six bioclimatic variables were used as predictors in six ecological niche model algorithms (BIOCLIM, DOMAIN, MaxEnt, GARP, logistic regression and Random Forest). Projections for 2050 used 17 general circulation models in two greenhouse gas representative concentration pathways: "stabilization" and "high increase". Ensemble models and consensus maps were produced by overlapping binary predictions. Final model outputs showed good performance and significance. The use of species absence data substantially improved model performance. Currently, L. flaviscutellata is widely distributed in the Amazon region, with records in the Atlantic Forest and savannah regions of Central Brazil. Future projections indicate expansion of the climatically suitable area for the vector in both scenarios, towards higher latitudes and elevations. L. flaviscutellata is likely to find increasingly suitable conditions for its expansion into areas where human population size and density are much larger than they are in its current locations. If environmental conditions change as predicted, the range of the vector is likely to expand to southeastern and central-southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and further into the Amazonian areas of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela

  19. Cowpeas and pinto beans: Performance and yields of candidate space crops in the laboratory biosphere closed ecological system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, M.; Dempster, W. F.; Allen, J. P.; Silverstone, S.; Alling, A.; van Thillo, M.

    An experiment utilizing cowpeas ( Vigna unguiculata L.), pinto beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Apogee ultra-dwarf wheat ( Triticum sativa L.) was conducted in the soil-based closed ecological facility, Laboratory Biosphere, from February to May 2005. The lighting regime was 13 h light/11 h dark at a light intensity of 960 μmol m -2 s -1, 45 mol m -2 day -1 supplied by high-pressure sodium lamps. The pinto beans and cowpeas were grown at two different planting densities. Pinto bean production was 341.5 g dry seed m -2 (5.42 g m -2 day -1) and 579.5 dry seed m -2 (9.20 g m -2 day -1) at planted densities of 32.5 plants m -2 and 37.5 plants m -2, respectively. Cowpea yielded 187.9 g dry seed m -2 (2.21 g m -2 day -1) and 348.8 dry seed m -2 (4.10 g m -2 day -1) at planted densities of 20.8 plants m -2 and 27.7 plants m -2, respectively. The crop was grown at elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, with levels ranging from 300-3000 ppm daily during the majority of the crop cycle. During early stages (first 10 days) of the crop, CO 2 was allowed to rise to 7860 ppm while soil respiration dominated, and then was brought down by plant photosynthesis. CO 2 was injected 27 times during days 29-71 to replenish CO 2 used by the crop during photosynthesis. Temperature regime was 24-28 °C day/deg 20-24 °C night. Pinto bean matured and was harvested 20 days earlier than is typical for this variety, while the cowpea, which had trouble establishing, took 25 days more for harvest than typical for this variety. Productivity and atmospheric dynamic results of these studies contribute toward the design of an envisioned ground-based test bed prototype Mars base.

  20. Aspectos da formação Profissional na escola de enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (1943-1949 Aspectos de la formación profesional en la Escuela de EnfermerÍa Alfredo Pinto (1943-1949 Aspects of the professional formation in the Alfredo Pinto Nursing School (1943-1949

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    Marina do Nascimento Bessa

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objeto deste estudo é o acesso ao curso e as adaptações curriculares durante a reorganização do ensino profissional de enfermeiros e enfermeiras na Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (EEAP, na primeira metade da gestão de Maria de Castro Pamphiro (1943- 1949. Objetivos: Identificar as formas e modos de acesso ao curso de enfermeiras e enfermeiros da Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto, no período de 1943 a 1949; e analisar o currículo nessa escola e suas adaptações frente às exigências de ensino teórico e prático na formação do enfermeiro, nesse período. Estudo histórico-social realizado de 2003 a 2005 e baseado em análise de documentos escritos do Arquivo Setorial da EEAP / UNIRIO e da literatura existente sobre o tema. Os resultados evidenciaram que a Diretora utilizou estratégias que foram além das exigidas pelo regulamento de 1942, para garantir o acesso ao curso de enfermagem e elevar a qualidade de ensino da EEAP aproximando seu currículo daquele que seria exigido pela Lei 775/49.El objetivo de este estudio es el acceso al curso y las adaptaciones curriculares durante la reorganización de la instrucción profesional de enfermeros y enfermeras en la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto (EEAP, en la primera mitad de la gestión de Maria de Castro Pamphiro (1943-1949. Objetivos: Identificar las formas y modos de acceso al curso de enfermeras y enfermeros de la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto, en el periodo de 1943 a 1949; y analizar el currículo en esa escuela y sus adaptaciones frente a las exigencias de enseñanza teórica y práctica en la formación del enfermero, en ese periodo. Estudio histórico-social realizado de 2003 al 2005 y basado en el análisis de documentos escritos del Arquivo Sectorial de la EEAP de la UNIRIO y de la literatura existente sobre el tema. Los resultados evidenciaron que Maria de Castro Pamphiro utilizó estrategias que fueron más allá de las exigidas por el reglamento de 1942

  1. Economia e educação: a contribuição de Álvaro Vieira Pinto para o estudo histórico da tecnologia

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Marcos Cezar de

    2006-01-01

    Este artigo analisa a contribuição de Álvaro Vieira Pinto para os estudos de economia e educação. Seu conceito de trabalho tecnologicamente elaborado pode ser reconhecido como resultado de uma profunda investigação sobre as relações humanas que encontramos na "cultura da economia". Seu caminho teórico até os escritos de Marx aponta uma capacidade erudita de relacionar educação e emancipação política com a história da tecnologia. This paper analyses Álvaro Vieira Pinto's contribution to stu...

  2. Exigência de Lisina para Pintos de Corte Machos Mantidos em Ambiente com Alta Temperatura

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    Borges Aurélio Ferreira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 400 pintos de corte machos da linhagem Avian Farms, com peso médio de 35 ± 0,15 g, no período de 1 a 21 dias de idade, mantidos em ambiente com alta temperatura ( 29,1 ± 0,39ºC, umidade relativa em 59,7 ± 3,16%, temperatura de globo negro em 28,9 ± 0,42ºC e índice de temperatura de globo e umidade (ITGU em 77,4 ± 0,59. O delineamento utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, com cinco tratamentos (1,04; 1,10; 1,16; 1,22; e 1,28% de lisina total na ração, oito repetições e 10 aves por repetição. Avaliou-se o efeito de níveis de lisina total sobre desempenho, consumo de lisina total, deposições de proteína e gordura na carcaça e pesos absoluto e relativo da gordura abdominal e do coração, fígado e intestinos. O fornecimento de ração e água foi à vontade. Os níveis de proteína bruta, minerais e vitaminas atenderam às exigências dos animais. Verificou-se efeito quadrático dos níveis de lisina total da ração sobre o ganho de peso, que aumentou, e a conversão alimentar, que melhorou até os níveis de 1,20 e 1,24%, respectivamente. O consumo de ração não variou, enquanto o consumo de lisina total aumentou em razão dos tratamentos. Não se observou efeito dos níveis de lisina da ração sobre os pesos absoluto e relativo do coração e do intestino e o peso relativo do fígado. No entanto, o peso absoluto do fígado aumentou de forma quadrática até o nível de 1,17% de lisina total da ração. Com relação à taxa de deposição de proteína, constatou-se aumento quadrático até o nível de 1,26% de lisina total, enquanto a taxa de deposição de gordura não variou com o nível de lisina da ração. Concluiu-se que frangos de corte machos no período de 1 a 21 dias de idade, submetidos à alta temperatura (29,1ºC, exigem 1,20% de lisina total, correspondente a 1,02% de lisina digestível.

  3. Interactions Between QTL SAP6 and SU91 on Resistance to Common Bacterial Blight in Red Kidney Bean and Pinto Bean Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resistance to common bacterial blight in common bean is a complex trait that is quantitatively inherited. We examined the interaction between two independent QTL, SAP6 and SU91, which condition resistance to CBB.The QTL were studied in a pinto bean F2 population a cross between Othello (sap6 sap6 //...

  4. A reinvenção da sociologia da modernização: Luiz Costa Pinto e Florestan Fernandes (1950-1970 The reinvention of the sociology of modernization: Luiz Costa Pinto and Florestan Fernandes (1950-1970

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    Antonio Brasil Jr.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, procura-se divisar o potencial teórico inscrito nas contribuições de dois sociólogos brasileiros à sociologia do desenvolvimento dos anos 1950-1970: Luiz Costa Pinto e Florestan Fernandes. Para tal, observa-se, a partir de três eixos, o sentido inovador de suas formulações em contraste com a sociologia da modernização norte-americana, àquela altura hegemônica: (a suas concepções da prática sociológica, bem como de suas especificidades num contexto periférico; (b suas visões sobre a dinâmica da mudança social no Brasil, tal qual forjadas em suas pesquisas sobre as relações entre brancos e negros; (c e em suas sínteses teóricas dos anos 1960-70.This article attempts to discern the theoretical potential inscribed in the contributions of two Brazilian sociologists to the sociology of development between 1950 and 1970: Luiz Costa Pinto and Florestan Fernandes. To this end, the innovative direction of their formulations is analyzed in contrast to the American sociology of modernization, which by then had become hegemonic. Such analysis is done from three views: (a their conceptions of the sociological practice and of its specificities in a peripheral context; (b their views on the dynamics of social change in Brazil, as forged in their research on relations between blacks and whites, (c their theoretical syntheses of the 1960s and 1970s.

  5. O puru-puru da Amazônia (Pinta, Carate, Mal del Pinto etc

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    F. Nery Guimarães

    1948-03-01

    Full Text Available 1 "Purú-purú" é uma palavra indígena que quer dizer "pintado" ou "manchado", peculiar à Amazonia Brasileira. Com êsse nome é designada uma dermatose referida entre os selvicolas desde 1774, por Ribeiro Sampaio. Certas tribus, com alta incidência da moléstia passaram a ser cahamadas também "Purú-purús", o mesmo acontecendo com o rio onde habitavam - Rio Purús. 2 A doença existe na bacia do Rio Solimões e seus principais afluentes: Javari, Juruá, Purús, Içá, Japurá, e Negro. Por esses rios, o fóco da dermatose se continua nos países limitrofes com o Brasil: Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Perú (Equador e Bolivia. 3 Desde 1890 essa dermatose foi relacionada à pinta (carate ou mal del pinto por P. S. de Magalhães, idéa essa depois defendida por Juliano Moreira, Carlos Chagas, Roquete Pinto, Wappeus, O. da Fonseca Filho, Da Matta, Brumpt e outros, baseados na semelhança clínica e na terapêutica. Recentemente (1945, essa provavel identidade das duas dermatoses, recebeu fundamento sorológico de Biocca (que verificou a positividade das reações de Kline e Kahn em doentes de purú-purú, e, pelo presente trabalho, recebe base clínico-epidemio-anatomo-patológica. 4 Sob o ponto de vista clínico, as lesões cutaneas discromicas da moléstia, são de 3 órdens: a lesões papulo-eritemato-escamosas, isoladas ou não, arredondadas, pruriginosas e de bordos nitidos; b lesões maculo-escamosas, maiores mais pálidas, ás vezes já mostrando alterações pigmentares na parte central; c máculas discromod´rmicas, lisas ou ligeiramente escamosas, com maior ou menor alteração pigmentar, as quais assumem diferentes aspéctos, consequentes à hipo - ou hiperpigmentação, variaveis também com a côr do paciente. As colorações predominantes nas manchas, são o branco, o preto e o vermelho, com tonalidades eminentemente variaveis. Embora raramente, nessas extensas dermodiscromias, observa-se superposição de lesões papulo

  6. The daily life of students at Alfredo Pinto nursing school (1949 - 1956 El día a día de los alumnos en la escuela de enfermería Alfredo Pinto (1949-1956 O cotidiano dos alunos na escola de enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (1949-1956

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    Marcia da Rocha Meirelles

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To analyze students' strategies to adapt to the system established by the dean of Alfredo Pinto Nursing School (1949-1956. METHOD: This historical-social study uses the thematic oral history to guide data collection. Sources: students' oral statements related to the period from 1949 to 1956 and written documents from the file of the nurse Maria de Castro Pamphiro at UNIRIO. RESULTS: students immediately faced the challenge of adapting to the school's rules regarding eating, clothing, and all changes presented in their daily life. Discussion: They created, along the course, strategies to cheat on rules, adapt to new customs and make life more enjoyable.El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las estrategias de los alumnos para adecuarse al sistema establecido por la directora de la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto, demarcando las transformaciones y sus influencias sobre la vida académica, en el período de 1949 la 1956. El método utilizado fue el estudio de naturaleza histórico social, que utiliza la historia oral temática como método para recolección de datos; las fuentes utilizadas fueron declaraciones orales de los alumnos de la Escuela en el período de 1949 a 1956 y documentos del Archivo Sectorial Enfermera Maria de Castro Pamphiro, de la UNIRIO. Los resultados muestran que las alumnas de inmediato se encontraban con el desafío de adaptarse a las reglas existentes en la Escuela, como la alimentación, el vestuario, en fin, un cambio en lo cotidiano de ellas. Se concluye, aquí, que, en el decorrer del curso, construyeron estrategias que les permitía burlar tales reglas, adaptarse a las nuevas costumbres y a transformar la convivencia en una experiencia placentera.O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as estratégias dos alunos para se adequarem ao sistema estabelecido pela diretora da Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto, demarcando as transformações e suas influências sobre a vida acadêmica, no período de 1949 a 1956. O

  7. Detection of carbon monoxide emissions from urban solid waste in Serrinha dos Pintos/RN: study case

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    Adelmo Artur de Aquino

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho consiste principalmente na elaboração de um estudo de caso focado na detecção da emissão de monóxido de carbono (CO causada pela incineração de resíduos sólidos urbanos do aterro público da cidade de Serrinha dos Pintos / RN, localizada em O semi-árido. O estudo visa analisar fatores possivelmente afetados pela emissão de gás tóxico, mas também fatores socioambientais, por exemplo. Assim, para uma análise significativa e coerente desses fatores a partir de resíduos sólidos urbanos, o estudo analisa as condições de trabalho encontradas nas questões ambientais, sociais e ambientais através de um questionário aplicado aos moradores da comunidade onde o aterro está localizado, Exposição ao monóxido de carbono. Assim, os resultados abrangem várias áreas que estão ligadas não só à emissão de CO,

  8. Capacidade de parasitismo de Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner, 1978 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae criado em dois hospedeiros por diversas gerações Parasitism capacity of Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner, 1978 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae reared in two hosts for several generations

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    Harley Nonato de Oliveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O Trichogramma é um inimigo natural dos mais estudados e utilizados atualmente no mundo. A qualidade e o desempenho de Trichogramma podem ser influenciados por alguns fatores, tal como o hospedeiro alternativo utilizado na criação massal. Objetivou-se com este trabalho foi obter informações básicas sobre os aspectos biológicos de Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner, 1983 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae, criado nos hospedeiros alternativos Anagasta kuehniella (Zeller, 1879 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae e Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv., 1819 (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae por 10, 20 e 30 gerações, e os possíveis efeitos nas características biológicas desse parasitóide. Em cada uma das gerações avaliadas, foram utilizadas 25 fêmeas de T. exiguum recém-emergidas de cada hospedeiro, as quais foram individualizadas em tubos de vidro que continham gotículas de mel de abelha. Cada fêmea recebeu uma cartela contendo 40 ovos do hospedeiro na qual estava sendo mantido. Foi permitido um parasitismo de 24 horas para essas cartelas, sendo as mesmas trocadas diariamente até a morte da fêmea.O número de ovos parasitados no primeiro dia, a capacidade de parasitismo e a longevidade de T. exiguum foi superior quando se utilizou ovos de A. kuehniella, ao longo das diferentes gerações, mostrando ser esse hospedeiro mais indicado para a criação massal de T. exiguum.Trichogramma is one the most studied and used natural enemies of insect pests in the world. The quality and the performance of Trichogramma can be influenced by some factors, like the kind of host used for its mass rearing. The objective of this research was to obtain some basic informations about the biological aspects of Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner, 1983 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae, reared on Anagasta kuehniella (Zeller, 1879 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae and Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv., 1819 (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae for 10, 20 e 30 generations, and the effect of something on the

  9. Effect of the dietary level of cull pinto beans (Phaseolus vulgaris on ruminal fermentation, kinetics, and digestibility of hair lambs

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    Francisco Castillo Rangel

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the effect of three levels of cull pinto beans (CPB; Phaseolus vulgaris on ruminal fermentation, kinetics, and nutrient digestibility in hair lambs. Six cannulated lambs averaging 56.6±3.8 kg were used and were randomly assigned to one of three treatments. Treatments were: 0.0 kg kg−1 of CPB in the supplement (control; 0.25 kg kg−1 of CPB in the supplement (CB25; and 0.40 kg kg−1 of CPB in the supplement (CB40. Dry matter intake, ruminal pH, NH3, and volatile fatty acid (VFA concentration, methane production, Kp (passage rate, MRT (mean retention time, and digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber were evaluated. Data were analyzed in a Latin square design, repeated in line, by MIXED procedure of SAS. Estimates used for Kp and MRT were obtained by a non-linear regression model (PROC NLIN. Dry matter intake was reduced by supplementation of CPB. No differences were found in ruminal pH or ruminal NH3. During the trial, differences were found for ruminal VFA concentration (mM, which were greater for the CB25 group. The propionate:acetate ratio was greater for the CB40 treatment. Methane production (mM/m differed among treatments, but it was the greatest for the CB40 group. Passage rate (kg kg−1/h and MRT (h were similar among treatments and the digestibility (kg kg−1 of dry matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber was not different among treatments. The inclusion of 0.25 kg kg−1 of CPB in the diet of hair lambs allows for appropriate nutrient digestion without affecting Kp and MRT and increases the molar proportion of the ability of VFA to maintain acetate:propionate ratio without increasing methane production.

  10. Changes in polyphenols of the seed coat during the after-darkening process in pinto beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beninger, Clifford W; Gu, Liwei; Prior, Ronald L; Junk, Donna C; Vandenberg, Albert; Bett, Kirstin E

    2005-10-05

    Proanthocyanidins and flavonoids were isolated and identified from seed coats of two aged and nonaged pinto bean lines: 1533-15 and CDC Pintium. The seed coat of 1533-15 darkens slowly and never darkens to the same extent as CDC Pintium. Analysis of the overall level of proanthocyanidins using a vanillin assay demonstrated that aged and nonaged seed coats of CDC Pintium had significantly higher levels of proanthocyanidins than aged and nonaged 1533-15 seed coats. Aged and nonaged seed coats of both lines were found to contain one main flavonol monomer, kaempferol, and three minor flavonols, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucosylxylose, and kaempferol 3-O-acetylglucoside. These compounds were identified by NMR and ESI-MS analysis (except for kaempferol 3-O-acetylglucoside, which was tentatively identified only by ESI-MS analysis) and quantified using HPLC-DAD. The combined concentrations of all the kaempferol compounds in seed coats of CDC Pintium were significantly higher than in seed coats of 1533-15, and the combined contents did not change after aging. The content of kaempferol decreased nearly by half in the seed coats of CDC Pintium after aging, whereas no significant change was observed in the seed coats of 1533-15. Proanthocyanidin fractions from both lines, aged and nonaged, were subjected to LC-MS/MS analysis and found to be composed primarily of procyanidins. Procyanidins in the seed coats were predominantly polymers with the degree of polymers higher than 10. The proportion of these polymers decreased after aging, while that of the low-molecular-weight procyanidins increased. A catechin-kaempferol adduct was tentatively identified in both lines by LC-MS/MS, and the concentration increased in the seed coats after aging.

  11. Fauna silvestre asociada a ganado vacuno doble propósito en sistema de silvopastoreo, Pinto, Magdalena, Colombia

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    Jaime De La Ossa V.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la biodiversidad faunística asociada a ganadería vacuna de doble propósito en dos potreros estructurados con Botriochloa pertusa (colosoana como herbácea dominante, uno de ellos plantado con Crescentia cujete (Bignoniaceae como fuente de alimento adicional y otro con escaso y disperso arbolado. Materiales y métodos. El área de estudio está ubicada en el municipio de Pinto, Magdalena. Cada potrero evaluado fue de 10 ha, se mantuvo en cada uno un lote de quince vacas (½ Cebú, ¼ Pardo y ¼ Costeño con Cuernos, la separación entre las áreas muestreadas fue de 500m. Los registros de fauna se condujeron mediante punto fijo de conteo, en diez sitios de avistamiento, durante 20 días continuos, con cubrimiento visual amplio. Al ganado vacuno adulto presente en las dos áreas de trabajo se le realizó un pesaje individual al inicio del trabajo y al final del mismo, con el fin de determinar posibles diferencias entre ellos. Resultados. Estadísticamente el número de individuos y el número de especies presentaron diferencias significativas, siendo mayor la diversidad biológica para el potrero que poseía la plantación de C. cujete, mientras que el peso corporal de las vacas sometidas a pastoreo en las dos áreas no presentó diferencias significativas. Conclusiones. Se demuestra la importancia de este modelo pecuario como promotor de la conservación faunística local al convertirse enrefugio de variadas especies silvestres, al tiempo que mantiene la productividad existente sin alterar el ambiente sustancialmente.

  12. Radionuclide concentrations in pinto beans, sweet corn, and zucchini squash grown in Los Alamos Canyon at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fresquez, P.R.; Mullen, M.A.; Naranjo, L. Jr.; Armstrong, D.R.

    1997-05-01

    Pinto beans, sweet corn, and zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo var. black beauty) were grown in a randomized complete-block field/pot experiment at a site that contained the highest observed levels of surface gross gamma radioactivity within Los Alamos Canyon (LAC) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Soils as well as washed edible and nonedible crop tissues were analyzed for various radionuclides and heavy metals . Most radionuclides, with the exception of {sup 3}H and {sup tot}U, in soil from LAC were detected in significantly higher concentrations (p <0.01) than in soil collected from regional background (RBG) locations. Similarly, most radionuclides in edible crop portions of beans, squash, and corn were detected in significantly higher (p <0.01 and 0.05) concentrations than RBG. Most soil-to-plant concentration ratios for radionuclides in edible and nonedible crop tissues from LAC were within the default values given by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Environmental Protection Agency. All heavy metals in soils, as well as edible and nonedible crop tissues grown in soils from LAC, were within RBG concentrations. Overall, the total maximum net positive committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE)--the CEDE plus two sigma for each radioisotope minus background and then all positive doses summed--to a hypothetical 50-year resident that ingested 160 kg of beans, corn, and squash in equal proportions, was 74 mrem y{sup -1}. This dose was below the International Commission on Radiological Protection permissible dose limit (PDL) of 100 mrem y{sup -1} from all pathways; however, the addition of other internal and external exposure route factors may increase the overall dose over the PDL. Also, the risk of an excess cancer fatality, based on 74 mrem y{sup -1}, was 3.7 x 10{sup -5} (37 in a million), which is above the Environmental Protection Agency`s (acceptable) guideline of one in a million. 31 refs., 15 tabs.

  13. Economia e educação: a contribuição de Álvaro Vieira Pinto para o estudo histórico da tecnologia

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas,Marcos Cezar de

    2006-01-01

    Este artículo analiza la contribución de Álvaro Vieira Pinto para los estudios de economía y educación. Su concepto de trabajo tecnológicamente elaborado puede ser reconocido como resultado de una profunda investigación sobre las relaciones humanas que encontramos en la cultura de la economía. Su camino teórico hasta los escritos de Marx, muestran una capacidad erudita de relacionar educación y emancipación política con la historia de la tecnología.

  14. José María Díez Borque, dir., Álvaro Bustos Táuler and Elena Di Pinto Revuelta, eds., Hacia el gracioso: Comicidad en el teatro español del siglo XVI

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    Jesús Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of José María Díez Borque, dir., Álvaro Bustos Táuler and Elena Di Pinto Revuelta, eds., Hacia el gracioso: Comicidad en el teatro español del siglo XVI, Visor Libros, Madrid, 2014, 236 pp. ISBN: 9788498951547.

  15. N-hydroxyurea, mitomycin C and actinomycin D activity in the process of tumour formation on the primary leaves of the 'Pinto' bean

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    Aldona Rennert

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mitomycin C (MC, N-hydroxyurea (HU and actinomycin D (AD inhibit tumour formation on the primary leaves of Pinto beans. Agrobacterium tumefaciens was inoculated into bean leaves with application of the above named inhibitors at various times. It was found that MC action is strongest during inoculation and immediately after it, the maximal effect of HU take place within 12 h after inoculation, whereas the antitumour action of AD starts as late as 12 h after leaf inoculation. In view of the different degree of susceptibility of bacteria and plant cells to the inhibitors applied, the above described results allowed to distinguish three critical periods in the process of tumour formation in the tested host-pathogen system.

  16. A prática do ensino na Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto: um registro da mídia impressa (1946

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    Fernando Porto

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudo histórico social tem por objetivo analisar o conteúdo de reportagem sobre o ensino na Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (1946. O referencial teórico tem por base a linguagem da palavra e da imagem. Metodologia - A organização dos dados da reportagem foi analisada com base em 13 subtítulos e 14 imagens fotográficas, das quais recortamos quatro com critério metodologico. Resultados: o estudo apontou para: 1 o cumprimento dos requisitos básicos, preconizados pelo Ministério da Educação e Saúde para o ensino de enfermagem e; 2 a contribuição da EEAP para o ensino da enfermagem, que além da formação profissional, remunerava seus alunos e a garantia de inclusão no mercado de trabalho.

  17. Brazilian eugenics and its international connections: an analysis based on the controversies between Renato Kehl and Edgard Roquette-Pinto, 1920-1930.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Vanderlei Sebastião de

    2016-12-01

    In this article, I analyze the dialogue and exchanges between Brazilian eugenicists and their counterparts abroad in the early decades of the twentieth century. Through an examination of Renato Kehl's and Edgard Roquette-Pinto's eugenics projects and the controversies between these two leaders of the eugenics movement in Brazil, I investigate their contact with the movements in countries like the United States, Germany, England, Sweden, and Norway and show that the ties that the two researchers maintained with so-called mainline eugenic thought were broader and more extensive than first believed. The result was the shaping of different brands of Brazilian eugenics, expanding the international circulation of ideas and extrapolating the borders of "Latin eugenics."

  18. Evaluation of Yield and Yield Components of Some Pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. Genotypes under Late Season Water Deficit Conditions

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    somayyeh soheili movahhed

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Drought or water deficit stress is the most important environmental factor which has severe negative impacts on crop yields, especially when the water stress occurs in the flowering stage. Iran is located in arid and semi-arid areas, therefore, attention to the effects of water deficit stress in different stages of plants growth seems necessary. Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. is one of the most important legumes that has a major contribution to human diet and provides an important part of the human protein. According to studies, cultivation areas of legumes in Iran are about 97300 hectares and its total production is about 208350 tons of grain. Bean is a fast-growing plant (Tran and Singh, 2002, thus soil water must be sufficiently available to ensure its desirable growth and yield. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of drought stress on yield and yield components of some pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cultivated in Zanjan province. Materials and methods An experiment was conducted as spilt plot based on randomized complete block design with four replications in Zanjan university research farm. Irrigation levels (control and drought stress and genotypes (Local khomein, Sadri, Ks21193 and Ks21189 were set in the main and subplot, respectively. Water deficit stress was applied during flowering stage (50% of the plants were at anthesis. Sampling was performed to measure yield and yield components at the end of the growth period and final maturity. In this experiment number of pod per Plant, numberof grain per pod, 100 grain weight, grain yield, biological yield and harvest index were measured. Results and Discussion In this experiment it was observed that drought stress, genotype and interact irrigation×genotyps were significantly for all traits except biological yield. Drought stress reduced number of pod perplant, number of grain per pod, 100 grain weight, grain yield, biological yield and Harvest Index. Results

  19. Impact of Processing on the Protein Quality of Pinto Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) Flours and Blends, As Determined by in Vitro and in Vivo Methodologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosworthy, Matthew G; Franczyk, Adam; Zimoch-Korzycka, Anna; Appah, Paulyn; Utioh, Alphonsus; Neufeld, Jason; House, James D

    2017-05-17

    Blending of protein sources can increase protein quality by compensating for limiting amino acids present in individual sources, whereas processing grain flours by extrusion or baking can also alter protein quality. To determine the effect of baking and extrusion on the protein quality of blended flours from buckwheat and pinto beans, a rodent bioassay was performed and compared to an in vitro method of protein quality determination. Overall, extruded products had higher protein efficiency ratio values, increased digestibility, and greater protein digestibility corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) values than baked products, with the extruded buckwheat/pinto blend having the greatest PDCAAS value of the experimental diets investigated. A correlation was found between both digestibility and PDCAAS values generated from in vitro and in vivo methods. The use of in vitro digestibility analysis should be investigated as a potential replacement for the current rodent assay for nutrient content claim purposes.

  20. AS REPRESENTAÇÕES DO CORPO NA LÍRICA DE CLAUDIA ROQUETTE-PINTO SOB O OLHAR DE ZYGMUNT BAUMAN E MICHEL MAFFESOLI

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    Antonio Rediver Guizzo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, analisamos a representação da sociedade contemporânea através das relações entre corpo, ser e sociedade presentes na lírica de Claudia Roquette-Pinto, obra constituída em uma zona de fronteira entre saturação da ordem social moderna econômica, orientada pelo aproveitamento planejado dos recursos e pela dominação da natureza, e a insurgência pós-moderna de uma ordem ecológica, na qual se privilegia a fruição destes recursos no presente. Para tal fim, orientamo-nos através do diálogo entre dois horizontes teóricos distintos: a contraposição entre o corpo moderno e o corpo pós-moderno, investigada na obra do sociólogo polonês Zygmunt Bauman; e a associação entre ética e estética característica da pós-modernidade e seus desdobramentos sobre as relações com o corpo, analisada na obra do sociólogo francês Michel Maffesoli.

  1. Efeito do peso inicial dos pintos e do período da dieta pré-inicial sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte Effect of one-day chicks weight and pre-starter diets on broiler performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Henrique Stringhini

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar o uso de dietas pré-iniciais, por diferentes períodos, para frangos de corte criados a partir de pintos com diferentes pesos ao primeiro dia. No aviário experimental da Escola de Veterinária da UFG, 280 pintos de um dia foram distribuídos, em baterias aquecidas, em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com seis tratamentos e quatro repetições de doze aves, em um esquema fatorial 2 x 3 (peso do pinto, maior e menor que 40g, e programas de fornecimento de ração pré-inicial, 1 a 7, 1 a 10 e 1 a 14 dias. O desempenho dos pintos não foi influenciado pelo período de fornecimento das dietas, mas o peso dos pintos no alojamento influenciou o consumo de ração das aves. Não foi observado efeito dos tratamentos no consumo de nutrientes para o período de fornecimento da dieta pré-inicial, mas os pintos com menor peso no alojamento proporcionaram menor consumo de nutrientes e de energia. Com base nos resultados obtidos, é possível concluir que peso do pinto inferior a 40 g influencia uma redução significativa no consumo e mostra uma tendência de pior peso dos frangos ao final do experimento. Os parâmetros morfométricos avaliados não foram afetados pelos tratamentos.This research was carried out to evaluate the use of pre-starter diets, through different periods to broilers with different first day weights. Two hundred and eighty one-day old chicks were allotted in brooded battery cages, in a completely randomized design, with six treatments and four replicates in a factorial design 2 x 3, (chicks weight - higher or lower than 40 g, and pre-starter periods of feeding, 1 to 7; 1 to 10 and 1 to 14 days. The performance was not influenced by pre-starter diets periods, but the first-day weight of chicks reduced feed intake and live weight at 42 days of age. For energy and nutrient intake no effect was observed for pre-starter periods, but for the light chicks, the values of

  2. Rede Somos Todos Lúcio Flávio Pinto: rebeldia e ativismo político amazônico na Web

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    TRINDADE CHAGAS AMORIM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, analisa-se a formação de uma rede alternativa criada em2012, na Web, em solidariedade ao jornalista e sociólogo Lúcio Flávio Pinto,editor do Jornal Pessoal. A hipótese dessa comunicação científica assenta-sena ação cívica que a rede contra-hegemônica tem proporcionado na geopolíticacontemporânea ao dar visibilidade, por meio de articulações e interaçõeslocais/nacionais/globais, à perseguição jurídica e política que o jornalistavem sofrendo por parte das Organizações Rômulo Maiorana, uma dasmais poderosas empresas de Comunicação na Amazônia, por empreiteirosque se apossam ilegalmente de terras na região e pelo Tribunal de Justiça doEstado do Pará (TJE-PA, representado por juízes e desembargadores queusam como modus operandi o poder de negar recursos impetrados pelo jornalistaem sua defesa. A finalidade é calar a voz independente do periódico,que este ano completará 27 anos de atuação em defesa da causa pública naAmazônia. A rede de leitores, ativistas e profissionais de jornalismo vem seconstituindo uma nova esfera de ação comunicativa na Web, engrossandooutras esferas alternativas que se organizam, independentemente do Estado,contra as injustiças na região. Os autores que balizam este estudo sãoManuel Castells, John Downing, Berta Becker e Violeta Loureiro.

  3. Ecological aspects of the sandfly fauna (Diptera, Psychodidae in an American cutaneous leishmaniasis endemic area under the influence of hydroelectric plants in Paranapanema river, State of Paraná, Brazil

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    Mariza Fordellone Rosa Cruz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An epidemiological study was undertaken to identify determinant factors in the occurrence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in areas under the influence of hydroelectric plants in Paranapanema river, State of Paraná, Brazil. The ecological aspects of the phlebotomine fauna were investigated. METHODS: Sandflies were sampled with automatic light traps from February 2004 to June 2006 at 25 sites in the urban and rural areas of Itambaracá, and in Porto Almeida and São Joaquim do Pontal. RESULTS: A total of 3,187 sandflies of 15 species were captured. Nyssomyia neivai predominated (34.4%, followed by Pintomyia pessoai (32.6%, Migonemyia migonei (11.6%, Nyssomyia whitmani (8.8%, and Pintomyia fischeri (2.7%, all implicated in the transmission of Leishmania. Males predominated for Ny. neivai, and females for the other vector species, with significant statistical differences (p < 0.001. Nyssomyia neivai, Pi. pessoai, Ny. whitmani, Brumptomyia brumpti, Mg. migonei, and Pi. fischeri presented the highest values for the Standardized Species Abundance Index (SSAI. The highest frequencies and diversities were found in the preserved forest in Porto Almeida, followed by forests with degradation in São Joaquim do Pontal and Vila Rural. CONCLUSIONS: Sandflies were captured in all localities, with the five vectors predominating. Ny. neivai had its highest frequencies in nearby peridomestic environments and Pi. pessoai in areas of preserved forests. The highest SSAI values of Ny. neivai and Pi. pessoai reflect their wider dispersion and higher frequencies compared with other species, which seems to indicate that these two species may be transmitting leishmaniasis in the area.

  4. O médico brasileiro José Pinto de Azeredo (1766?-1810 e o exame químico da atmosfera do Rio de Janeiro Brazilian physician José Pinto de Azeredo (1766?-1810 and the chemical examination of Rio de Janeiro's atmosphere

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    Manuel Serrano Pinto

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available José Pinto de Azeredo, do Rio de Janeiro, foi aluno de medicina em Edimburgo (1786-1788, aí realizando notável trabalho experimental. Apresentou em Leiden a dissertação de formatura, sobre a gota. Regressado ao Rio em 1789, já nomeado físico-mor de Angola, praticou no Brasil. Em 1790 foi para Luanda onde exerceu no Hospital Real e onde fundou uma "Escolla de Medicina" que não sobreviveu à sua saída para Portugal, em 1797. Em Lisboa trabalhou no principal hospital militar e como médico particular, até falecer. A sua obra escrita (uns 10 manuscritos e 5 publicações merece ser tratada do ponto de vista da história da medicina. Em artigo publicado em 1790 sobre a qualidade do ar do Rio de Janeiro, evidencia capacidades de químico analista, interesse pelos efeitos dos diversos componentes do ar nos organismos e preocupações sobre a qualidade do ar do Brasil e da Europa.José Pinto de Azeredo, of Rio de Janeiro, studied medicine and conducted notable experimental research in Edinburgh (1786-88, presenting his graduate thesis on gout in Leiden. Already appointed surgeon-general of Angola, he returned to Rio in 1789 and practiced medicine in Brazil. In 1790 he moved to Luanda, where he practiced at the Hospital Real and founded a medical school that did not survive his departure for Portugal in 1797. He worked at Lisbon's main military hospital and as a private physician until his death. His written works (some ten manuscripts and five publications warrant an examination from the perspective of the history of medicine. In an article published in 1790 on Rio de Janeiro's air quality, he reveals the skills of an analytical chemist, his interest in the effects of different air components on organisms, and his concern with air quality in Brazil and Europe.

  5. Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae in rural and urban environments in an endemic area of cutaneous leishmaniasis in southern Brazil

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    Carolina Fordellone Rosa Cruz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The high proportion of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported amongst residents in the city of Bandeirantes, in the state of Paraná, Brazil, led the authors to investigate the phlebotomine fauna in both urban and rural environments. The sandflies were captured with automatic light traps from 07:00 pm-07:00 am fortnightly in 11 urban peridomiciles from April 2008-March 2009 and monthly in three ecotopes within four rural localities from April 2009-March 2010. In one of these latter localities, sandfly capture was conducted with white/black Shannon traps during each of three seasons: spring, summer and fall. A total of 5,729 sandflies of 17 species were captured. Nyssomyia neivai (46.7% and Nyssomyia whitmani (35.3% were the predominant species. In this study, 3,865 specimens were captured with automatic light traps: 22 (0.083 sandflies/trap in the urban areas and 3,843 (26.69 sandflies/trap in the rural areas. Ny. neivai was predominant in urban (68.2% and rural (42.8% areas. A total of 1,864 specimens were captured with the white/black Shannon traps and Ny. neivai (54.5% and Ny. whitmani (31.4% were the predominant species captured. The small numbers of sandflies captured in the urban areas suggest that the transmission of Leishmania has occurred in the rural area due to Ny. neivai and Ny. whitmani as the probable vectors.

  6. Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in rural and urban environments in an endemic area of cutaneous leishmaniasis in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Carolina Fordellone Rosa; Cruz, Mariza Fordellone Rosa; Galati, Eunice A Bianchi

    2013-05-01

    The high proportion of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported amongst residents in the city of Bandeirantes, in the state of Paraná, Brazil, led the authors to investigate the phlebotomine fauna in both urban and rural environments. The sandflies were captured with automatic light traps from 07:00 pm-07:00 am fortnightly in 11 urban peridomiciles from April 2008-March 2009 and monthly in three ecotopes within four rural localities from April 2009-March 2010. In one of these latter localities, sandfly capture was conducted with white/black Shannon traps during each of three seasons: spring, summer and fall. A total of 5,729 sandflies of 17 species were captured. Nyssomyia neivai (46.7%) and Nyssomyia whitmani (35.3%) were the predominant species. In this study, 3,865 specimens were captured with automatic light traps: 22 (0.083 sandflies/trap) in the urban areas and 3,843 (26.69 sandflies/trap) in the rural areas. Ny. neivai was predominant in urban (68.2%) and rural (42.8%) areas. A total of 1,864 specimens were captured with the white/black Shannon traps and Ny. neivai (54.5%) and Ny. whitmani (31.4%) were the predominant species captured. The small numbers of sandflies captured in the urban areas suggest that the transmission of Leishmania has occurred in the rural area due to Ny. neivai and Ny. whitmani as the probable vectors.

  7. José GOMES PINTO

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    José GOMES PINTO

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Buscamos en este artículo determinar la función de la obra de arte para Carl Einstein en tanto objeto que determina una visón del mundo. Trazaremos un camino teórico y biográfico, mostrando cómo la obra de arte es siempre unaforma vital y, por eso, con funciones políticas, algo que se revela en la misma biografía del autor. Se intenta mostrar cómo la concepción de la obra de arte es un concepto operativo en términos de la vida misma.

  8. Suplementos utilizados como hidratantes nas fases pré-alojamento e pós-alojamento para pintos recém eclodidos Supplements used as hydrating agents in pre- and post-lodging phases to newly-hatched chicks

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    Adriana Ayres Pedroso

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Dois experimentos foram conduzidos, para avaliar hidratantes em pintos oriundos de matrizes, em início de vida produtiva. O primeiro experimento estudou o efeito de hidratante comercial, na fase pré-alojamento, em pintos oriundos de matrizes com 25 semanas de idade, submetidos a dois intervalos entre nascimento e alojamento (0 e 48 horas; o agente não apresentou qualquer efeito favorável sobre a desidratação, a mortalidade e o desempenho até 21 dias. No segundo experimento, foi utilizado o bicarbonato de sódio como hidratante. A solução foi fornecida, durante 24 horas, a pintos oriundos de matrizes com 27 semanas de idade, após 0, 24 e 48 horas de intervalo entre nascimento e alojamento. Foi observada melhora na integridade do intestino, representada pelo aumento na densidade intestinal e peso do órgão com a suplementação eletrolítica. O aumento no intervalo entre nascimento e alojamento diminuiu o saco vitelino. Em ambos os experimentos, o aumento no intervalo entre o nascimento e o alojamento aumentou a desidratação e a mortalidade das aves, mas propiciou melhora no desempenho aos 21 dias, não tendo sido observados efeitos positivos dos hidratantes testados.Two experiments were carried out to evaluate hydrating agents to newly hatched chicks from breeders in early production life. The first experiment studied the effect of commercial hydrating agents in pre-lodging phase in chicks from breeders with 25 weeks of age and submitted to two intervals between hatching and lodging (0 and 48 hours. Agent did not show any favorable effects on dehydration, mortality and performance until 21 days of age. In he second experiment, sodium bicarbonate was used as hydrating agent. The solution was supplied for 24 hours, after 0, 24 and 48 hours intervals between hatching and lodging, to chicks from breeder of 27 weeks of age. The intestinal integrity increased, based on intestinal density and organ weight increment obtained with

  9. A eugenia brasileira e suas conexões internacionais: uma análise a partir das controvérsias entre Renato Kehl e Edgard Roquette-Pinto, 1920-1930

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    Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza

    Full Text Available Resumo Analiso conexões e diálogos internacionais que envolveram a eugenia brasileira nas primeiras décadas do século XX. Partindo dos projetos eugênicos e das controvérsias entre Renato Kehl e Edgard Roquette-Pinto, duas lideranças do movimento eugênico brasileiro, investigo o contato deles com os movimentos eugênicos de países como EUA, Alemanha, Inglaterra, Suécia e Noruega. Meu interesse é demonstrar que as conexões desses pesquisadores com a chamada “linha dominante” do pensamento eugênico foram mais amplas e difusas do que o imaginado inicialmente. O resultado foi a conformação da eugenia brasileira em diferentes sentidos, o que ampliou a circulação internacional de ideias e extrapolou as fronteiras da “eugenia latina”.

  10. Inteligencia emocional y el nivel de logro de aprendizaje en los módulos técnicos profesionales en los estudiantes del Instituto Superior Tecnológico Público María Rosario Araoz Pinto, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Azañero Alania, Gerardo Alexander

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la investigación consistió en determinar la relación que existe entre la inteligencia emocional y el nivel de logro de aprendizaje en los módulos técnicos profesionales en los estudiantes de Mecánica Automotriz y Mecánica de Producción del Instituto Superior Tecnológico Público María Rosario Aráoz Pinto, primer ciclo, 2015. Se aplicó el método descriptivo con el diseño correlaciona!. La muestra fue no probabilística. Los sujetos de investigación fueron alumnos de Mecá...

  11. Níveis de lisina digestível com dois balanços eletrolíticos para pintos de corte na fase inicial, de 1 a 21 dias de idade

    OpenAIRE

    Campestrini,Evandro; Barbosa,Maria José Baptista; Nunes,Ricardo Vianna; Gasparino,Eliane; Silva,Wagner Thiago Mozer da; Khül,Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Um experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar os níveis de lisina digestível para frangos de corte na fase inicial (1 a 21 dias de idade) utilizando-se dois balanços eletrolíticos. Foram utilizados 800 pintos de corte machos, da linhagem Cobb, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 2 × 5, composto de cinco níveis de lisina (1,021; 1,276; 1,531; 1,786; 2,042) e dois balanços eletrolíticos (190 e 255 mEq/kg), com quatro repetições de 20 aves por...

  12. Determinação dos valores energéticos de alguns óleos e gorduras para pintos de corte machos e fêmeas aos 21 dias de idade

    OpenAIRE

    Nascif,Carla Cristina Cardoso; Gomes,Paulo Cezar; Albino,Luiz Fernando Teixeira; Rostagno,Horacio Santiago

    2004-01-01

    Foi realizado um ensaio biológico com pintos de corte no período de 21 a 32 dias de idade, com o objetivo de determinar os valores de energia metabolizável aparente (EMA) e energia metabolizável aparente corrigida pela retenção de nitrogênio (EMAn) do óleo de soja degomado, óleo de milho, óleo de canola, gordura de aves, gordura de coco, gordura suína, sebo bovino e de duas misturas, sendo a primeira composta de óleo de soja degomado + gordura de coco e a segunda de óleo de soja degomado + se...

  13. Desempenho, eficiência de utilização dos nutrientes e estrutura do trato digestório de pintos de corte alimentados na fase pré-inicial com rações de diferentes formas físicas

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas,Ednardo Rodrigues; Sakomura,Nilva Kazue; Dahlke,Fabiano; Santos,Fabiana Ramos; Barbosa,Nei André Arruda

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da forma física da ração sobre o desempenho, a utilização dos nutrientes das rações e o desenvolvimento do trato disgestório de pintos de corte na primeira semana de vida. Foram utilizados 150 pintos machos Cobb distribuídos ao acaso em três tratamentos com cinco repetições de dez aves. Os tratamentos consistiram das formas físicas farelada, triturada e peletizada de uma ração pré-inicial comercial. Com exceção da moela, os órgãos d...

  14. The science of peer support as applied to behavioral medicine and the care of individuals surviving with cancer: a commentary on "Peer mentors delivering a physical activity intervention for cancer survivors: effects among mentors by Pinto et al."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rini, Christine; Graves, Kristi D; O'Neill, Suzanne C; Tercyak, Kenneth P

    2018-02-21

    There is a critical gap between the resources available to promote health and wellness after cancer and services that address these public health goals. Researchers, policy makers, healthcare providers, and community stakeholders increasingly recognize the benefits of filling this gap with trained peer mentors who can provide health-promotion services to fellow cancer survivors. This commentary addresses a mixed-method study by Pinto and colleagues that investigated the responses and experiences of trained peer mentors who delivered their telephone-based physical activity intervention for breast cancer survivors. Their findings suggested that peer mentors did not experience harms from their role while revealing that peer mentors reported benefits related to helping themselves and helping others. Drawing on our expertise in peer support provision and peer mentoring, we address the significant opportunity offered by training peer mentors to deliver behavioral interventions, draw connections to relevant literatures and theoretical perspectives on potential benefits for peer mentors, and highlight the need for rigorous, theory-based research to determine the circumstances under which peer mentoring benefits mentors and the mechanisms underlying these benefits.

  15. Valores de energia metabolizável de alimentos para pintos de corte na fase pré-inicial Metabolizable energy values of feedstuffs for young chickens from pre-initial phase

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    Kamilla Ribas Soares

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi realizado no Setor de Avicultura da Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA, com duração de 6 dias, para determinar os valores energéticos de fontes protéicas para pintos de corte na fase pré-inicial. Utilizaram-se 480 pintos machos, Cobb, com 1 dia de idade que foram submetidos à metodologia de coleta total de excretas e distribuídos em 9 tratamentos com 6 repetições. Os tratamentos foram compostos por 4 alimentos protéicos de origem vegetal (farelo de soja, soja integral tostada, soja micronizada e farelo de glúten de milho que substituíram a ração referência (RR em 30% e 4 alimentos protéicos de origem animal (farinha de carne e ossos 40% e 45% de PB, farinha de peixe e farinha de vísceras, que substituíram a RR em 20%. Simultaneamente, 6 repetições de 8 aves foram colocadas em jejum para a determinação das perdas endógenas. As variáveis estudadas foram energia metabolizável aparente (EMA, verdadeira (EMV e as EMA e EMV corrigidas para balanço de nitrogênio (EMAn, EMVn. Os alimentos de origem vegetal obtiveram valores de energia inferiores aos obtidos nas tabelas usuais de composição dos alimentos e os alimentos de origem animal, valores superiores.An experiment was conducted in the Poultry Farm Sector of the Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA with 6 days period duration to determine the energy values in protein sources for broiler chickens in the pre-initial phase. A total of 480 male chickens from Cobb line with one day old were submitted to the method of total excreta collection, allotted to nine treatments with six replicates each. The experimental unit consisted of eight chickens. The treatments were: 1- reference diet (RD; 2- RD with the addition of soybean meal; 3- RD with the addition of toasted soybean meal; 4- RD with the addition of micronized soybean meal; 5- RD with corn gluten meal; 6- RD with meat and bone meal 40; 7 - RD meat and bone meal 45; 8 - RD with fish meat; 9- RD with

  16. Solid phase microextraction, sand flies, oviposition pheromones, plaster of Paris and siloxanes-What is in common?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulart, Thais Marchi; Tosta, Christiann Davis; Machado, Vicente Estevam; da Rocha Silva, Flávia Benini; de Castro, Camila Feitosa; Ortiz, Dennys Ghenry Samillan; Oliveira, Wanderson Henrique Cruz; Pinto, Mara Cristina

    2017-04-01

    Sand flies are natural hosts of various microorganisms. Due to their epidemiological importance, sand fly colonies are kept in laboratories to be studied in terms of their biology and vector/host/parasite interactions. In order to investigate the presence of oviposition pheromones in Nyssomyia neivai, experiments using Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) were performed. However, siloxanes which is an external class of contamination, present in breeding containers made by plaster used to maintain sand flies in colonies, may be hindered the experiments. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  17. Flebotomíneos de várzea do rio Aguapeí, região noroeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Sand flies in the Aguapeí river floodplain, northwest area of State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Rosa M F N Odorizzi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a sazonalidade de flebotomíneos de acordo com sua ocorrência e densidade. MÉTODOS: A pesquisa for realizada em área de várzea do rio Aguapeí, do município de Mirandópolis, Estado de São Paulo. Os flebotomíneos foram capturados mensalmente com armadilhas automáticas luminosas, instaladas das 18:00 às 7:00 horas, durante um ano (2004-2005, em dois locais: varanda de um rancho de pesca e mata. Utilizou-se a média de Williams para o cálculo da sazonalidade dos flebotomíneos e teste de qui-quadrado para comparação. RESULTADOS: Foram capturados 35.995 flebotomíneos. Cinco espécimes eram Brumptomyia avellari, um Psathyromyia (Xiphomyia hermanlenti e os demais Nyssomyia neivai, que apresentou freqüência mais elevada no inverno. É o primeiro registro de Ps. hermanlenti no Estado. CONCLUSÕES: A alta densidade de Nyssomyia neivai, um dos vetores suspeitos de transmitir a leishmaniose tegumentar americana, aponta o risco de transmissão dessa doença no local, principalmente nos períodos mais secos do ano.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the seasonal variation of sand flies regarding their occurrences and densities. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Aguapeí river floodplain in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Sand flies were monthly captured with automatic light traps set up between 18:00 and 7:00 hours, over a period of one year (2004-2005, at two sites: veranda of a domicile and in a forest on the banks of Aguapeí River. The Williams' average was used for estimating the seasonal variation and the Chi-square test for comparison. RESULTS: A total of 35,995 specimens were captured: five Brumptomyia avellari, one Psathyromyia (Xiphomyia hermanlenti and the rest Nyssomyia neivai, which had the highest frequency during the winter. Ps. hermanlenti is first recorded in state of São Paulo. CONCLUSIONS: The high density of Nyssomyia neivai, a suspected vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis, points out to the

  18. Larval habitats of sand flies in rural areas of southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhold-Castro, Kárin Rosi; de Carvalho Gasparotto, Jaqueline; Neitzke-Abreu, Herintha Coeto; Teodoro, Ueslei

    2015-12-01

    We report the results of an investigation of natural larval sand fly habitats in the Recanto Marista, Doutor Camargo municipality, Paraná state, Brazil, from May, 2010 to August, 2012. We used Alencar emergence traps (AT), experimental traps (ET), and soil samples incubated in a biochemical oxygen demand incubator. Eight sand flies were collected with ATs. One specimen was collected with an ET and 21 were collected in soil samples. The collected species were Brumptomyia brumpti, Micropygomyia ferreirana, Migonemyia bursiformis, Migonemyia migonei, Nyssomyia neivai, Nyssomyia whitmani, and Pintomyia pessoai. The laval habitats of sand flies were located in the Recanto Marista, especially between tree roots, but the number of adults that emerged in the traps and soil samples was small despite the high density of sand flies that has been recorded in the Recanto Marista. © 2015 The Society for Vector Ecology.

  19. Impact of control measures and dynamics of sand flies in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhold-Castro, Kárin R; Fenelon, Vanderson C; Rossi, Robson M; Brito, João E C; Freitas, Janaina S; Teodoro, Ueslei

    2013-06-01

    We report the results of control measures introduced to reduce the density of sand flies in domiciles and subsequent monitoring of the effects of these measures on the sand fly populations. The most common species of sand flies were Nyssomyia neivai and Nyssomyia whitmani, which are naturally infected by Leishmania. A total of 268,382 (93.4%) sand flies were collected in ecotypes constructed with the aim of attracting sand flies, and 19,091 (6.6%) sand flies were collected in the ecotypes consisting of residences and other buildings. Human actions determine the growth or reduction of the sand fly population in human-occupied space. Understanding the dynamics of sand flies in this environment can substantially contribute to the prevention of cutaneous leishmaniasis. © 2013 The Society for Vector Ecology.

  20. De Ella a Él: caras y máscaras en la “novela” de Mercedes Pinto (1926 y en la película de Luis Buñuel (1952

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    Heitz, Françoise

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Mercedes Pinto’s itinerary took her from the Canary Islands, where she was born, to Mexico, after a passage through Uruguay. She first met success through her writings and cultural activities, and was then forgotten. However, her book –published in Montevideo in 1926– was adapted for the cinema by Luis Buñuel in 1952, and the film gave new life to this autobiographical “novel” He. If self-fiction prevails in the literary work, with the clear commitment of a feminist who takes a stand in favour of freedom –the freedom to divorce in that case–, in Buñuel’s Mexican film the study of the clinical case of paranoia acquires a new form of complexity. The attack on a parasitic bourgeoisie is united to the subversion of the melodramatic genre, with a false happy end which distorts established codes and lets the principle of doubt impose itself. In the same way the exploration of sexual roles, heir to the surrealistic trend, is devoid of any manichean simplification and stands out as a fascinating object for any hermeneutic approach.Mercedes Pinto, cuya trayectoria se desarrolló desde Canarias, su tierra de nacimiento, hasta México, pasando por Uruguay, conoció el éxito por sus escritos y actividades culturales y luego quedó sumida en el olvido. Sin embargo, la adaptación de su “novela” autobiográfica Él (Montevideo, 1926 a la gran pantalla por Luis Buñuel en 1952, le deparó otra vida al libro. Si en la obra literaria prevalece la autoficción y su claro compromiso feminista a favor del divorcio, adquiere nueva complejidad en la película mexicana de Buñuel el estudio del caso clínico de la paranoia. Al ataque a una burguesía parasitaria se une una subversión del género del melodrama, cuyo falso final feliz pervierte los códigos establecidos, dejando que se imponga el principio de duda. Asimismo, la exploración de los roles sexuales, heredera de la corriente surrealista, rehúye toda simplificación maniquea y se

  1. Conforto térmico e desempenho de pintos de corte submetidos a diferentes sistemas de aquecimento no período de inverno Thermal comfort and performance of chicks submitted to different heating systems during winter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bastos Cordeiro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito de três sistemas de aquecimento de aviários no conforto térmico e no desempenho de pintos de corte criados no inverno na Região Sul do Brasil. Utilizaram-se três galpões avícolas com 17.700 aves (Cobb por galpão, em dois lotes de criação. Os sistemas de aquecimento avaliados foram: fornalha a lenha (aquecimento indireto do ar; campânulas infravermelhas a gás; e tambores de aquecimento por radiação com aquecimento suplementar de campânulas infravermelhas a gás. Para avaliação do ambiente térmico e do desempenho animal, foi utilizado delineamento em blocos casualizados, com três sistemas de aquecimento, em dois lotes de criação. Nas duas primeiras semanas de vida das aves, o sistema de tambor + campânulas é o mais eficiente em manter a temperatura e umidade relativa do ar na condição de conforto térmico das aves. Consequentemente, propicia melhores ganho de peso, conversão alimentar e eficiência produtiva.The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different poultry house heating systems on the thermal comfort and performance of broiler chicks during the winter period, in the southern region of Brazil. Three buildings were used, each containing 17,700 broiler chickens (Cobb, during two complete productive cycles. Three heating systems were evaluated: furnace with indirect air heating; infrared heater and radiant experimental "drum" system with an infrared supplemental heating system. In order to evaluate the thermal environment and animal performance, a randomized block experimental design with three heating system was used, in two complete productive cycles. In the first two weeks after birth, the radiant experimental "drum" system is the most efficient in maintaining the air temperature and relative humidity in thermal comfort condition of the broiler chicks and, consequently, result in the best results of weigh gain, dietary conversion and efficient production.

  2. Desempenho de pintos de corte alimentados com rações contendo milho pré-gelatinizado Performance of broiler chicks fed pre-gelatinized corn in pre-starter and starter feed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Henrique Stringhini

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram conduzidos três experimentos para avaliar o valor nutricional do milho pré-gelatinizado para frangos de corte de 1 a 21 dias de idade. No primeiro experimento, avaliou-se o metabolismo do milho pré-gelatinizado, do amido e do gérmen de milho pelo método da colheita total de excretas no período de 4 a 7 dias de idade para determinação dos valores de energia metabolizável aparente e aparente corrigida, que foram de 3.370, 3.379,7, 3.259,1 kcal/kg de EMA e 3.299,8, 3.369,7 e 3.051,6 kcal/kg de EMAn, para o milho pré-gelatinizado, o amido de milho e o gérmen de milho integral, respectivamente. No segundo e terceiro experimentos, utilizaram-se 200 pintos alimentados com rações pré-iniciais (fase de 1 a 7 dias de idade e iniciais com 0, 20, 40 ou 60% de milho pré-gelatinizado em substituição ao milho-grão. O desempenho dos frangos no período de 1 a 7 dias não foi afetado pelos níveis de milho pré-gelatinizado na ração. Houve nesse período efeito quadrático sobre o coeficiente de digestibilidade da matéria seca (ponto de mínima de 28,6% e do nitrogênio (ponto de mínima de 31,7% e efeito linear negativo sobre o coeficiente de digestibilidade do extrato etéreo. No período de 8 a 21 dias de idade, para os níveis de milho pré-gelatinizado, houve efeito linear negativo sobre o peso final, o ganho de peso e o consumo de ração e efeito quadrático sobre a conversão alimentar (ponto de máxima de 34,3%. Os coeficientes de digestibilidade da matéria seca, do nitrogênio e do extrato etéreo indicaram efeito linear positivo dos níveis de substituição do milho-grão moído pelo pré-gelatinizado. O milho pré-gelatinizado é uma boa alternativa para alimentação de pintos de corte na fase pré-inicial, porém, apesar do melhor aproveitamento nutricional da ração, piora o desempenho na fase de 8 a 21 dias de idade.Three experiments were carried out to evaluate the performance and nutritional value of the extruded

  3. de Álvaro Vieira Pinto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Bernhard Kleba

    2006-01-01

    dominación del centro sobre los países periféricos. El círculo de dominación sería roto por una necesidad histórica y, al mismo tiempo, subjetiva y objetiva, exigiendo la constitución de un proyecto de desarrollo nacional. Se apunta hacia problemas desde estos enfoques: la escatología optimista, la técnica en sí como neutra, y la naturalización de la historia. Por otro lado, se enfatiza la contribución original mediante su concepto de conciencia para el otro, su tipología dialéctica, así como su crítica radical a lo que llama teología tecnológica.

  4. Pinto Horse Rider. Blackfeet Heritage Program: Browning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many Guns, Tom

    As part of an effort to preserve oral tradition and produce a history about the Blackfeet people, Tom Many Guns relates the story of his life and, in so doing, brings out the rich cultural heritage of the Blackfeet. The recollections were gathered through interviews and translated from Blackfeet to English using every effort to preserve Tom Many…

  5. Académico Mario Camacho Pinto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Camacho Pinto

    1990-08-01

    Full Text Available

    En forma espontánea y por unanimidad ha querido el Comité Permanente de Biblioteca y Publicaciones que un compartido relato de sus labores realizadas y prospecciones anheladas en este lapso bienal quede consignado en la edición No. 22 de MEDICINA.

    En efecto, el Comité Editorial tuvo como principal objetivo en este período la publicación de la Revista, habiendo recibido ininterrumpidamente de la dinámica y eficiente Junta Directiva saliente, estímulo, autonomía y respaldo a su modesta labor.

    Obligante finalidad para sus integrantes fue el desempeño de su actividad para conservar la publicación en su categoría genuinamente representativa del tradicional prestigio que ha caracterizado al órgano informativo de la Academia desde su inicio en el siglo pasado.

    El ejercicio de esta responsabilidad editorial no estuvo exento de amenazante crisis que pudo ser superada gracias a la asociación de fuerzas del Comité, Junta Directiva e ITALMEX, lo que nos ha dado impulso para planear y ejecutar un programa completo de acción destinado a lograr el incremento y soporte de un alto nivel científico para “MEDICINA” en sus copiosas ediciones de seleccionada repartición y amplia circulación.

    La intención de nutrir la Revista preferente ‘pero no exclusivamente’ con talento nacional, solo podremos cumplirla a cabalidad en la medida en que nuestros académicos se solidaricen, no con el Comité, -de efímera figuración- sino con la Revista misma, de vigencia perenne y cuyo prestigio nos concierne a todos tarde o temprano. Si aceptáramos la motivación y miráramos desprevenidamente hacia “MEDICINA” podríamos asumir una actitud consecuente con la intención inicial de cuando solicitamos nuestro ingreso a la Academia y, por ende, con este generoso rasgo espiritual su capacidad productiva en potencia se dirigiría a abastecer debidamente los requerimientos de una oportuna y suficiente publicación.

    El Comité Editorial propicia para la Revista en primer lugar la Sección Científica Nacional, de particular incumbencia a nuestros compañeros que por sus condiciones personales de excelencia han alcanzado posiciones claves para desarrollar su creatividad y disponer de facilidades secuenciales para realizar sus iniciativas e investigaciones; “MEDICINA” esperanzada les abre sus brazos de publicidad acogedora sugiriendo la presentación al final de cada trabajo, así sea preliminar, de un resumen tanto en español como en inglés. Igualmente a los colegas favorecidos por la naturaleza con su predilección por las Humanidades la Revista les requiere y con solícito clamor espera su aporte para la Sección Letras. El imprescindible contingente internacional de actualización científica hace ineludible incluir en “MEDICINA” Compendios o Comentarios Informativos sobre temas de libre elección escritos por Académicos o lectores, lo que de paso les daría un valor docente.

    De las copiosas ediciones actuales la Academia distribuye mil ejemplares e Italmex ocho mil, para un total de nueve mil controlando por computador los nombres de los beneficiarios para evitar duplicación. Nos queda pendiente solucionar la publicación de TEMAS MEDICOS.

    Para la Biblioteca se han estudiado estas iniciativas, entre otras:

    1°. Reglamentación para usuarios, según solicitud de la Bibliotecóloga.

    2°. Reorganización de la Sección de Revistas Médicas estableciendo Canjes formales y adquisiciones permanentes que aseguren la aspiración de llegar a mantener al día y en adecuado “display” las nacionales más importantes y algunas internacionales.

    3°. Campaña para adquirir las faltantes obras médicas de autores colombianos en la Sección Nacional Piloto.

    4°. Tecnificación progresiva y en especial la adopción de un mecanismo práctico que facilite la obtención de Bibliografía actualizada para generar y satisfacer inquietudes de avanzada.

    5°. Idear y promover un fondo financiero sui generis que permita la adquisición renovable oportunamente en cada especialidad del texto más representativo y actualizado a fin de que los académicos y otros usuarios puedan consultar y resolver eventuales emergencias informativas del momento profesional.

    6°. Organización de un kárdex y archivo propios y exclusivos de la Revista “MEDICINA” para almacenar ordenada y permanentemente copias de Actas del Comité, de trabajos llegados para publicación, sean aprobados o no, con su respectiva respuesta a cada autor; correspondencia general, documentos varios, comentarios, decisiones pendientes, proyectos, etc.

    Es de registrar con satisfacción la puntual asistencia a las sesiones mensuales del Comité que se caracterizaron por su aplomo, sensatez y objetividad en sus decisiones y la búsqueda de soluciones al reinante pesimismo sobre las publicaciones por su alto costo actual, lo que afortunadamente contribuyó al encuentro de la solución ya suficientemente mencionada.

  6. CLINICAL AND ANATOMOHISTOPATOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF TWO BROILER ORIGINATED FROM EXPERIMENTALLY INOCULATED EGGS WITH Salmonella Enteritidis FAGOTIPO 4 ASPECTOS CLÍNICOS E ANATOMOHISTOPATOLÓGICOS DE PINTOS DE CORTE ORIUNDOS DE OVOS INOCULADOS EXPERIMENTALMENTE COM Salmonella Enteritidis FAGOTIPO 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Auxiliadora Andrade

    2009-09-01

    linhagem ISA Label (crescimento lento. Nos dois experimentos, 1,5 X 102 UFC/0,1mL de Salmonella Enteritidis fagotipo 4 foram inoculadas na casca e no albume de ovos férteis no momento da incubação, para averiguar os sinais clínicos, as lesões macro e microscópicas e a mortalidade até a terceira semana de vida dos pintos. A Salmonella Enteritidis invadiu e colonizou o trato gastrintestinal das duas linhagens determinando alterações clínicas aliadas à disfunção intestinal, as quais foram mais pronunciadas nas aves Ross. A mortalidade observada foi de 25,0% (15/60 na linhagem Ross, e de apenas 1,7% (1/60 nas aves de crescimento lento até 21 dias de idade. Onfalite, enterite, pericardite e peri-hepatite constituíram as principais lesões macroscópicas da linhagem de crescimento rápido. No exame histopatológico observou-se processo inflamatório com infiltrados de células mononucleares com predominância de macrófagos e linfócitos no coração, fígado, duodeno, jejuno, íleo e ceco. Salmonella Enteritidis colonizou o trato gastrintestinal, invadiu os órgãos de ambas as linhagens, porém aves ISA Label foram mais resistentes à infecção do que aves da linhagem Ross.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Colonização intestinal, infecção, invasão, órgãos, resistência genética.

  7. Incubabilidade e Qualidade de Pintos de Ovos Matrizes de Frangos de Corte Submetidos a Estresse de Temperatura Hatchability and Chick Quality of Broiler Breeder Eggs Submitted to Stress Due to Temeperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NSM Leandro

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido para avaliar o efeito do estresse de temperatura sobre as características de incubabilidade e qualidade dos pintos nascidos. Trezentos ovos, obtidos de um lote de matrizes de frangos de corte com 42 semanas, foram distribuídos em três incubadoras, reguladas para manter uma temperatura de 37,8ºC, umidade relativa de 60% e viragem mecânica a cada duas horas. Aos 16 dias de incubação (D16, aplicou-se uma variação de temperatura de calor (40ºC ou frio (32ºC durante cinco horas em duas máquinas. Os embriões da terceira máquina foram usados como controle. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente, obedecendo-se a um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com 3 tratamentos. A eclodibilidade e a qualidade dos pintainhos, avaliados pelo peso ao nascer e qualidade de pernas e umbigo não foram significativamente diferentes entre o grupo controle e os grupos estressados. Os resultados revelaram que os ovos exposto ao estresse pelo frio ou calor tiveram um período de incubação maiores - 506,5h e 504,2h, respectivamente - do que aqueles expostos a temperatura normal - 496,3h - como conseqüência no atraso de bicagem interna (7 e 6 h e externa (13 e 14 h. Concluiu-se que a alteração da temperatura normal de incubação, com resfriamento ou aquecimento por 5 h no D16, não foi suficiente para prejudicar a eclodibilidade e a qualidade dos pintainhos, mas causou uma dilatação do período total de incubação, indicando que mesmo um breve período de variação da temperatura normal de incubação em um período crítico de desenvolvimento é suficiente para determinar estresse nos embriões de frangos de corte.This trial was carried out in order to evaluate the effect in broiler embryos of cold or heat stress on the hatching characteristics, and on the quality of the newborn chicks. Three hundred eggs obtained from 42-week-old broiler breeders were distributed in three incubators maintained at a

  8. Composição Química do Soro de Pintos de Corte Alimentados com Dietas Purificadas Blood Chemical Composition of Broiler Chicks Fed with Purified Diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Alvares da Silva

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de estudar os efeitos de níveis de ácido L-glutâmico (L-Glu e vitamina D3 (VD no soro de pintos de corte de um dia, machos, Hubbard, criados em baterias aquecidas, recebendo dieta básica purificada, suplementada com 5, 10 e 15% de L-Glu combinados com 0, 5.000, 10.000 e 15.000 UI de vitamina D3/kg. Os animais foram distribuídos em esquema fatorial em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com 12 tratamentos, quatro repetições e sete aves por repetição. As concentrações máximas de cálcio no soro (9,61 mg/dL foram obtidas com 15% de L-Glu e 14.181UI de VD; 7,33 mg/dL de cálcio iônico com 15% de L-Glu e 15.664UI de VD; 7,20 mg/dL de fósforo com 10% de L-Glu e 10.863UI de VD. Os maiores valores de atividade de fosfatase alcalina no soro foram obtidos com 10% de L-Glu e na deficiência de VD. Em geral, as aves alimentadas com 10% de L-Glu e 15.000UI de VD apresentaram melhor desempenho, melhor perfil sangüíneo e menor incidência de problemas de pernas.An experiment was conducted with day-old male Hubbard, broiler chicks, reared in electrically heated batteries, and raised in wire mesh floors and fed purified amino acid diets and water ad libitum for a 14 days period. The purified diets containing all essential amino acids, vitamins and minerals at adequate levels and was supplemented with 5, 10 and 15% of L-Glu and with 0, 5,000, 10,000 and 15,000 IU of vitamin D3. The experimental design was a factorial 3 x 4 with four replicates with seven chicks each. The blood calcium increased up (9.61mg/dL to an estimated level of 15% of L-Glu and 14,181IU of VD, 7.33 mg/dL of ionized calcium was obtained with 15% of L-Glu and 15.664 of VD. The highest blood phosphorus (7.20 mg/dL was obtained at an estimated level of 10% of L-Glu and 10,863IU of VD. The highest blood alkaline phosphatase was obtained at level of 10% of L-Glu and vitamin D deficiency. Birds fed 10% L-Glu and 15,000IU VD had

  9. American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Pontal of Paranapanema - SP, Brazil: ecological and entomological aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alessi, Claudia Alvares Calvo; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Alves, José Roberto; Corbett, Carlos Eduardo Pereira

    2009-01-01

    American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) occurs in epidemic outbreaks and in sporadic cases with small annual variation in the Pontal of Paranapanema, SP. There is little research on the sandfly fauna of this region. The last outbreaks were related to the Movement of the Landless Workers (MST) and with the ecological tourism in preserved forest of the Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo (PEMD). identification of the sandfly fauna within the PEMD, mainly anthropophilic species already incriminated as vectors of ACL, as well as their seasonality, hourly frequency and data of the behavior. M&M: The captures were undertaken with CDC light and Shannon traps from 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm, monthly from May 2000 to December 2001. The temperature and relative humidity data were registered at hourly intervals. The captured species were: Brumptomyia brumpti, Nyssomyia neivai, Nyssomyia whitmani, Pintomyia fischeri and Pintomyia pessoai. The P. pessoai predominated (34.39%) and N. neivai was less found (0.74%), only being captured in CDC traps. Shannon trap captured more sandflies (63.01%) than the CDC traps (36.99%). Despite the environmental degradation anthropophilic species, indicates favorable bioecological conditions for persistence of vectors and potential transmission of leishmaniasis.

  10. Efeito do período de jejum entre o nascimento e o alojamento e da adição de óleo à ração sobre o desempenho de pintos de corte e digestibilidade da ração

    OpenAIRE

    Cançado,S.V.; Baião,N.C.

    2002-01-01

    Com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos de três períodos de jejum (zero, 24 e 48 horas) entre o nascimento e o alojamento e da adição de óleo à ração sobre o desempenho de pintos de corte e a digestibilidade da ração, foram utilizados 360 aves de corte machos, criados de um a 21 dias em gaiolas metálicas próprias para coleta de excretas. O delineamento experimental foi em arranjo fatorial 3 x 2 (três períodos de jejum e dois tipos de ração). As aves submetidas ao jejum apresentaram melhor dese...

  11. Efeitos do Ácido L-Glutâmico e da Vitamina D3 nos Fêmures e Tibiotarsos de Pintos de Corte Effects of L-Glutamic Acid and Vitamin D3 on Femur and Tibiotarsus of Broiler Chicks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Alvares da Silva

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de estudar os efeitos de três níveis (5, 10 e 15% de ácido L-glutâmico (L-Glu e quatro níveis (0, 5000, 10.000 e 15.000 UI/kg de vitamina D3 (VD nos parâmetros ósseos de pintos de corte machos, Hubbard. Os animais foram criados em baterias aquecidas e alimentados, à vontade, com dietas de aminoácidos purificados de 1 a 14 dias de idade. O experimento foi realizado em esquema fatorial, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado 3 x 4, com quatro repetições de sete aves cada. Observaram-se comprimentos máximos (37,61 e 50,36 mm, com 9,51% de L-Glu e 15.000 UI de VD e 9,99% de L-Glu e 15.000 UI de VD, para o fêmur e tibiotarso, respectivamente. O diâmetro do fêmur (3,62 mm e tibiotarso (3,17 mm aumentou até o nível máximo estimado, de 10,49% de L-Glu e 15.000 UI de VD, e 11,04% de L-Glu e 15.000 UI de VD, respectivamente. A resistência máxima estimada para o fêmur (52,47 kgf/mm foi determinada com 7,57% de L-Glu e 8.978 UI, e a do tibiotarso (43,35 kgf/mm com 6,24% de L-Glu e 12.591 UI de VD. Não foi observado efeito de tratamento nas concentrações de proteínas colagenosas (PC no fêmur, que foi constante e igual a 23,44 mg/100 g. As menores concentrações de proteínas não-colagenosas (PNC (2,5 mg/100 g e 2,15 mg/100 g foram obtidas com 9,32% e 9,73% de L-Glu, no fêmur e tibiotarso, respectivamente. As maiores concentrações de proteínas totais (PT no fêmur e tibiotarso foram de 30,04 mg/100 g e 30,03 mg/100 g. As aves alimentadas com 10% de L-Glu apresentaram adequado desenvolvimento dos ossos, baixas concentrações de PNC nos ossos e menor incidência de problemas de pernas.An experiment was conducted to study the effects of three levels (5, 10 and 15% of L-Glutamic Acid (L-Glu and four levels (0, 5000, 10,000 and 15,000 IU/kg of diet of vitamin D3 (VD on bone parameters of 14 days male broilers, Hubbard. They were fed purified amino acid diets and reared in electrically

  12. Fauna of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae in areas with endemic American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Silva de Almeida

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Fauna of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae in areas with endemic American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate the ecological aspects of the main vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL in four monitoring stations situated in the municipalities of Naviraí, Nova Andradina, Novo Horizonte do Sul and Rio Verde de Mato Grosso. For each monitoring station, the captures of sand flies were undertaken each month from July 2008 to June 2010 using CDC and Shannon traps. The CDC traps were installed simultaneously for three consecutive nights in three collection sites: intradomicile, peridomicile and edge of the forest. A Shannon trap was installed from dusk to 10 pm, inside the forest, one night per month. A total of 7,651 sand flies belonging to nine genera and twenty-nine species were captured. Nyssomyia neivai (52.95%, Psathyromyia hermanlenti (10.91%, Psathyromyia runoides (9.16%, Nyssomyia whitmani (7.95%, Psathyromyia aragaoi (4. 89%, Nyssomyia antunesi (3.14% and Evandromyia bourrouli (2.20% were the most frequent species. Approximately 65% of the sand flies were collected in the forest environment. The municipalities presented significantly different indexes of species diversity. Naviraí presented the lowest species diversity index, however, it showed the highest abundance. Novo Horizonte do Sul had the highest species diversity index, but the lowest abundance (< 5%. It is noteworthy the occurrence of vector species of Leishmania in the areas studied, especially in Naviraí, where Ny. neivai presented high frequencies which may explain the increased number of ACL cases in this municipality.

  13. Desempenho, eficiência de utilização dos nutrientes e estrutura do trato digestório de pintos de corte alimentados na fase pré-inicial com rações de diferentes formas físicas Performance, efficiency of nutrient utilization and gastrointestinal structures of broiler chick fed in prestarter phase with ratios with different physical form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ednardo Rodrigues Freitas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da forma física da ração sobre o desempenho, a utilização dos nutrientes das rações e o desenvolvimento do trato disgestório de pintos de corte na primeira semana de vida. Foram utilizados 150 pintos machos Cobb distribuídos ao acaso em três tratamentos com cinco repetições de dez aves. Os tratamentos consistiram das formas físicas farelada, triturada e peletizada de uma ração pré-inicial comercial. Com exceção da moela, os órgãos do trato digestório e a estrutura morfométrica do intestino não foram influenciados pela forma física da ração. Maior digestibilidade do N foi obtida com a ração peletizada, enquanto a ração triturada possibilitou maior digestibilidade do EE. A energia metabolizável determinada para a ração farelada foi menor que a obtida nas demais formas físicas da ração. As aves alimentadas com raç��o farelada tiveram menor consumo de ração e ganho de peso e pior conversão alimentar. Ingeriram ainda menos energia, apresentaram menores retenções de proteína, gordura e energia corporal e utilizaram maior proporção da energia ingerida para produção de calor. As rações pré-iniciais na forma peletizada ou triturada possibilitam maior aproveitamento dos nutrientes da ração pelos pintos e melhor desempenho.This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different physical form of pre-starter diet on performance, nutrient utilization and development of gastrointestinal tract of broiler chicks during the first week of age. A total of 150-day-old male broiler chicks was allotted to a completely randomized design with three treatments and five replicates of 10 birds each. Treatments consisted of three physical forms of a commercial pre-starter diet: mashed, crumbled and pressed into pellets. Except for gizzard, the other organs of the digestive tract and morphologic structures of the small intestine were not affected by

  14. Investigation of natural infection by Leishmania in sandflies of Paraná State, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work was to verify the occurrence of Leishmania in naturally infected sandflies. The insects were collected with Falcão, Shannon and HP light-traps, in Doutor Camargo and Maringá municipalities between November 2004 and October 2005. Of the 11,033 sandflies collected in Doutor Camargo, 2,133 surviving females were dissected, particularly those of the Nyssomyia neivai species (86.87%. In Maringá, 136 sandflies were collected, of which 79 N. whitmani females and 1 Migonemyia migonei female were dissected. The dissected insects were identified and stored in the pools of 10 specimens. The PCR was carried out on 1,190 females of N. neivai and 190 of N. whitmani from Doutor Camargo, and on 30 of N. whitmani from Maringá, using the primers MP1L/MP3H. The natural infection by Leishmania in sandflies was not confirmed by either of the methods used. The results suggested the low natural infection rate of sandflies by Leishmania in these areas, corroborating other studies carried out in endemic areas of ACL.Procurou-se verificar a ocorrência de flebotomíneos naturalmente infectados por Leishmania. Estes insetos foram coletados com armadilhas luminosas de Falcão, Shannon e HP, nos municípios de Doutor Camargo e Maringá, de novembro de 2004 a outubro de 2005. Coletaram-se 11.033 flebotomíneos em Doutor Camargo e destes 2.133 fêmeas foram dissecadas, especialmente de Nyssomyia neivai (86,87%. Em Maringá coletaram-se 136 flebotomíneos, dos quais foram dissecadas 79 fêmeas de N. whitmani e 1 Migonemyia migonei. Parte das fêmeas dissecadas foi armazenada em pools de 10 espécimes. A PCR, utilizando os iniciadores MP1L/MP3H, foi realizada em 1.190 fêmeas de N. neivai e 190 de N. whitmani de Doutor Camargo e 30 N. whitmani de Maringá. Não se constatou a infecção natural por Leishmania pelos métodos utilizados. Estes resultados indicam que é baixa a taxa de infecção natural de flebotomíneos por Leishmania, corroborando

  15. Determinação dos valores energéticos de alguns óleos e gorduras para pintos de corte machos e fêmeas aos 21 dias de idade Determination of energy values of some oils and fats for broilers chickens males and females in the 21 day old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Cristina Cardoso Nascif

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um ensaio biológico com pintos de corte no período de 21 a 32 dias de idade, com o objetivo de determinar os valores de energia metabolizável aparente (EMA e energia metabolizável aparente corrigida pela retenção de nitrogênio (EMAn do óleo de soja degomado, óleo de milho, óleo de canola, gordura de aves, gordura de coco, gordura suína, sebo bovino e de duas misturas, sendo a primeira composta de óleo de soja degomado + gordura de coco e a segunda de óleo de soja degomado + sebo bovino, ambas na proporção de 1:1. Foi realizado o método de coleta total de excretas no experimento. O período de duração do experimento foi de dez dias, sendo os cinco primeiros de adaptação e os cinco restantes de coleta de excretas. Foi observada diferença entre os tratamentos e entre os sexos, sendo os valores de EMAn obtidos para fêmeas, em média, 98% dos valores de EMAn obtido para machos. Porém, não foi observada diferença entre a interação alimento x sexo. Os valores médios de EMAn encontrados para pintos de corte foram, respectivamente, para óleo de soja degomado, óleo de milho, óleo de canola, gordura de aves, gordura de coco, gordura suína, sebo bovino, para a mistura de óleo de soja degomado + gordura de coco e para a mistura de óleo de soja degomado + sebo bovino: 8.273, 8.582, 8.681, 8.511, 7.487, 7.536, 7.227, 8.029 e 8.171 kcal/kg matéria naturalOne bioassay was carried out using 21-to32-day old broilers chicks to determine the values of apparent metabolizable energy (AME and nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn of crude soybean oil, corn oil, canola oil, avian fat, coconut fat, swine lard, beef tallow, crude soybean oil + coconut fat and crude soybean oil + beef tallow, both latter in 1:1 proportion. The method of total excreta collection was used for the trials, which lasted 10 days each: the first five days for adaptation and the five remaining days for excreta collection. In the

  16. Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Beatriz Cardoso de Paula

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyzed the sandflies around houses and domestic animal shelters located in residences close to forests in localities on the banks of the Araguari River, Uberlândia, MG, from February 2003 to November 2004. The phlebotomines were captured in the peridomiciliary area, where Shannon traps were utilized in the peridomicile and CDC traps in animal shelters. 2,783 specimens of sandflies were captured, 2,140 females (76.9% and 643 males (23.1%, distributed between 17 species. The most abundant species was Nyssomyia neivai (88.1%, followed by Nyssomyia whitmani (3.1%. The presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis was also confirmed, it is the main vector of Leishmania (L. infantum chagasi which causes visceral leishmaniasis. The presence of species involved in the transmission of leishmaniases in the municipality of Uberlândia is cause for concern. The presence of L. longipalpis indicates that its urbanization may not have been aleatory and instead occurred through the destruction of wild ecotopes. More studies of their occupation in anthropic environments need to be made.Analisamos a fauna flebotomínica do peridomicílio e de abrigos de animais domésticos localizados em residências próximas de matas em localidades às margens do rio Araguari, município de Uberlândia-MG, de fevereiro de 2003 a novembro de 2004. Foram realizadas capturas no peridomicílio, sendo armadilhas de Shannon utilizadas no peridomicílio das residências e as armadilhas CDC em abrigos de animais domésticos. Foram capturados 2.783 espécimes de flebotomíneos, sendo 2.140 fêmeas (76,9% e 643 machos (23,1%, distribuídos em 17 espécies. A espécie mais abundante foi Nyssomyia neivai (88,1%, seguida por Nyssomyia whitmani (3,1%. Foi confirmada também a presença de Lutzomyia longipalpis, o principal vetor de Leishmania infantum chagasi, causadora da leishmaniose visceral. Constitui-se motivo de alerta a presença de espécies envolvidas com a transmissão de leishmanioses

  17. [Spatial and/or olfactory memory in sandflies in an endemic area for American cutaneous leishmaniasis, southern Brazil].

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    Freitas, Janaína Sales de; Reinhold-Castro, Kárin Rosi; Casanova, Cláudio; Silva, Joseane Padilha da; Previdelli, Isolde; Teodoro, Ueslei

    2009-01-01

    The results from an investigation on the possibility that sandflies in an endemic area for American cutaneous leishmaniasis, in the state of Paraná, may have memory are reported. Sandflies were caught in Recanto Marista, Doutor Camargo, State of Paraná, Brazil, using Falcão traps in two chicken sheds (G1 and G2), between November 15 and 26, 2007. A total of 2,080 sandflies were caught (1,000 in G1 and 1,080 in G2) and these were marked and released. Nyssomyia neivai was the most (90.5%) frequent species. Out of the total released, 168 sandflies (8%) were recaptured and the recapture rate in G2 was significant. The results show that it is possible that spatial or olfactory memory and/or host loyalty exists, and that this will guide the sandflies in recognizing the places where sources of blood are available.

  18. American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Pontal of Paranapanema - SP, Brazil: ecological and entomological aspects Leishmaniose cutânea americana no Pontal do Paranapanema, SP, Brasil: aspectos ecológicos e entomológicos

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    Claudia Álvares Calvo Alessi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL occurs in epidemic outbreaks and in sporadic cases with small annual variation in the Pontal of Paranapanema, SP. There is little research on the sandfly fauna of this region. The last outbreaks were related to the Movement of the Landless Workers (MST and with the ecological tourism in preserved forest of the Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo (PEMD. AIM: identification of the sandfly fauna within the PEMD, mainly anthropophilic species already incriminated as vectors of ACL, as well as their seasonality, hourly frequency and data of the behavior. M&M: The captures were undertaken with CDC light and Shannon traps from 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm, monthly from May 2000 to December 2001. The temperature and relative humidity data were registered at hourly intervals. RESULTS: The captured species were: Brumptomyia brumpti, Nyssomyia neivai, Nyssomyia whitmani, Pintomyia fischeri and Pintomyia pessoai. The P. pessoai predominated (34.39% and N. neivai was less found (0.74%, only being captured in CDC traps. Shannon trap captured more sandflies (63.01% than the CDC traps (36.99%. Despite the environmental degradation anthropophilic species, indicates favorable bioecological conditions for persistence of vectors and potential transmission of leishmaniasis.LCA ocorre em surtos epidêmicos e casos esporádicos com pequena variação anual no Pontal do Paranapanema, SP. Há pouca pesquisa sobre a fauna flebotomínea na região. Os últimos surtos estão relacionados ao MST e turismo ecológico na floresta do Parque Estadual do Morro do Diabo (PEMD. OBJETIVO: identificar a fauna flebotomínea no PEMD, principalmente as espécies antropofílicas já incriminadas como vetores da LCA, também, sua sazonalidade, horários e dados de comportamento. M&M: As capturas foram feitas com armadilhas CDC e Shannon das 18 às 22h, mensalmente de maio de 2000 a dezembro de 2001. Dados de temperatura e umidade relativa foram registrados com

  19. Cryptic speciation in Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) trapidoi (Fairchild & Hertig) (Diptera: Psychodidae) detected by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis.

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    Dujardin, J P; Le Pont, F; Cruz, M; Leon, R; Tarrieu, L F; Guderian, R; Echeverria, R; Tibayrenc, M

    1996-01-01

    Lutzomyia trapidoi is the major vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ecuador. In the framework of an epidemiologic study, female Lu. trapidoi sand flies were captured on human bait in La Tablada and Paraiso Escondido. Some coloration heterogeneity among the specimens caught led us to look for the existence of cryptic species using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. In 196 specimens studied, five of seven enzyme loci proved to be variable, making it possible to check for departures from panmixia both by Hardy-Weinberg statistics and linkage disequilibrium analysis. Two discrete groups were clearly distinguished, which could be differentiated by the diagnostic locus glycerophosphate dehydrogenase. The two groups occurred in sympatry within each locality. Genetic distances measured between these two groups were consistent with values usually found between distinct species. These results suggest the existence of a least two sibling species in Paraiso Escondido as well as La Tablada. The epidemiologic relevance of these results is discussed.

  20. Desempenho, digestibilidade, composição corporal e morfologia intestinal de pintos de corte recebendo dietas contendo levedura de cana-de-açúcar - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i1.10787 Performance, digestibility, body composition and gut morphology of broiler chicks fed diets containing yeast cane sugar - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i1.10787

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    Jaqueline de Cássia Ramos da Silva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho, a digestibilidade das dietas, a retenção corporal de nutrientes e o desenvolvimento da mucosa intestinal de pintos de corte de 1 a 8 dias de idade, alimentados com dietas contendo níveis crescentes de levedura de cana-de-açúcar. Utilizou-se 300 pintos de corte, com um dia de idade, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, composto de cinco tratamentos e seis repetições de 10 aves. Os tratamentos consistiram de níveis crescentes de 0; 1,25; 2,5; 3,75 e 5,0% de inclusão de levedura. Não houve efeito da levedura sobre o desempenho zootécnico. Houve redução no coeficiente de metabolizabilidade da energia bruta, na energia metabolizável aparente e a aparente corrigida com os níveis crescentes. O nível de 2,09% promoveu menor retenção corporal de proteína bruta, enquanto a retenção de gordura foi linear crescente. A altura de vilos e relação vilo:cripta do jejuno aumentou linearmente, a profundidade das criptas do íleo apresentaram menor profundidade no nível de 2,40% de levedura. A inclusão da levedura de cana-de-açúcar até 5% em dietas de pintos na fase pré-inicial não afeta o desempenho zootécnico, proporciona melhor desenvolvimento da mucosa intestinal; entretanto, reduz a energia metabolizável das dietas e aumenta a retenção de gordura corporal.The objective was to evaluate the performance, digestibility of diets, body retention of nutrients and the development of intestinal mucosa of post hatching broilers, of one up to eight day old, fed diets containing different levels of sugar cane yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It was used 300 one day old chicks in a completely randomized design with five treatments and six replicates of 10 birds. The treatments consisted of increasing levels of 0, 1.25, 2.5, 3.75 and 5.0% inclusion of yeast. No effect of yeast on performance. There was a reduction in the coefficients of apparent metabolizable of gross energy, apparent

  1. Efeito do tempo de jejum pós-eclosão, valores energéticos e inclusão do ovo desidratado em dietas pré-iniciais e iniciais de pintos de corte Effect of post-starvation hatching time, energy levels and addition of dried egg in pre-initial and initial diets for broiler chicks

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    Elisanie Neiva Magalhães Teixeira

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Dois experimentos foram realizados para determinar o valor nutricional do ovo desidratado (OD, o efeito do tempo de jejum pós-eclosão (TJPe e a inclusão do ovo desidratado em rações para frangos de corte. No primeiro experimento, 120 pintos de corte machos, linhagem Ross-308, foram alojados em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com três tratamentos e cinco repetições de oito aves. As coletas de excretas foram realizadas no período de 24 a 29 dias de idade, pela manhã e à tarde. No segundo experimento, um lote misto de 810 pintos da linhagem Cobb-500, com peso vivo inicial 33,41 ± 0,53, foi alojado em boxes de 1,0 × 1,5 m. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado com 9 tratamentos e 6 repetições de 15 aves, em esquema fatorial 3 × 3, com três níveis de ovo desdratado (0, 2 e 4% e três tempos de jejum pós-eclosão (28, 40 e 52 horas, correpondentes a 0, 12 e 24 horas de jejum pós-alojamento, respectivamente. O ovo desidratado apresentou 51,54% de PB e 4.278 kcal EMAn. Na fase de 1 a 7 dias, o peso vivo, o ganho de peso e o consumo de ração entre as aves submetidas a jejum de 40 e 52 horas foram inferiores aos daquelas alimentadas mais cedo (às 28 horas do tempo de jejum pós-eclosão, enquanto as aves submetidas a 52 horas de jejum pós-eclosão (24 horas de jejum pós alojamento apresentaram os piores resultados. O nível de 4% de ovo desidratado na ração pré-inicial melhorou o peso vivo no segundo e terceiro dia de idade dos pintinhos. No período de 1 a 21 dias, o ovo desidratado pode ser utlizado na alimentação de frangos, pois não prejudica o desempenho das aves.Two experiments were carried out to determine the nutritional value of the dried egg (DEGG, and the effect of the post-starvation hatching time (PSHT and the inclusion of dried egg powder in the diet of broiler chicks. In experiment 1, 120 male Ross-308 broiler chicks were housed according to a completely randomized design

  2. Insights into the epidemiological link between biting flies and pemphigus foliaceus in southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernal, Sebastian; Pepinelli, Mateus; Casanova, Claudio; Goulart, Thais M; Kim, Olivia; De Paula, Natalia A; Pinto, Mara C; Sá-Nunes, Anderson; Roselino, Ana Maria

    2017-12-01

    Black fly and sandfly bites are related to the endemicity of pemphigus foliaceus (PF); however, an immune reaction against the salivary proteins from these flies still requires confirmation in the case of PF patients living in southeastern Brazil. To georeference the distribution of Simuliidae (Diptera: Simuliidae) and Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) and of PF cases in the northeastern region of São Paulo State, and to assess the humoral immune response against salivary gland extracts (SGEs) from biting flies in PF patients, relatives, and neighbours. PF patients' medical information recorded between 1965 and 2014 were obtained from the database of the University Hospital. Data on the distribution of fly species were collected from scientific reports and epidemiological databases. Spatial maps relating the distribution of biting flies with PF cases were plotted. Serum IgG antibodies against the SGEs from Simulium nigrimanum, Nyssomyia neivai, and Aedes aegypti (as control) were determined by ELISA. Two hundred and eighty-five PF cases were distributed in 60 municipalities with a prevalence of 57.5 per million inhabitants, revealing well-defined geographical clusters. S. nigrimanum and N. neivai specimens were registered in eight (13.3%) and 26 (43.3%) of these municipalities, respectively. PF patients, and their relatives presented higher levels of IgG against the SGEs of S. nigrimanum and N. neivai (Pbiting flies and PF in southeastern Brazil is proposed, implying a possible role of the salivary proteins from these flies in PF etiopathogenesis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. [Host feeding preferences of sandflies in rural area, Southern Brazil].

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    Muniz, Luís Henrique Garcia; Rossi, Robson Marcelo; Neitzke, Herintha Coeto; Monteiro, Wuelton Marcelo; Teodoro, Ueslei

    2006-12-01

    To investigate the fauna and host feeding preferences of sandflies as for domestic animals in an endemic area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. The sandflies collections were carried out from 8:00 pm to 12:00 am in an area 40 meters away from one of the residences in a farm in Southern Brazil, between January and April, 2004. Collection was performed using four Falcão light traps, placed 5 m apart from each other beside a cage, each one of them containing an animal bait (swine, dog, rabbit, and chicken). A total of 1,697 specimens of sandflies were collected as follows: Nyssomyia whitmani, Pintomyia fischeri, Migonemyia migonei, Nyssomyia neivai, Pintomyia pessoai and Psathromyia shannoni. The prevalent species was N. whitmani. There were no feeding preferences of sandflies as for the animals studied. N. whitmani and P. fischeri are opportunistic species and female insects probably adjust their eating habits to host availability, suggesting eating eclecticism of these insects in anthropic environments.

  4. Phlebotomine sandflies in rural locations in the State of Parana, southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, Simone Cristina Castanho Sabaini de; Cella, Wilsandrei; Massafera, Rubens; Silva, Natália Maria Maciel Guerra; Marqui, Reinaldo; Carvalho, Maria Dalva de Barros; Teodoro, Ueslei

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the fauna and frequency of sandflies in domestic animal shelters, residences and other ecotopes in rural areas of the municipality of Bandeirantes, Paraná State. Sandflies were collected twice in eight rural villages by using Falcon traps from 8pm to 6am in 2008. In these localities 4,790 sandflies were collected, which were represented by ten sandfly species, prevailing of Nyssomyia neivai and Nyssomyia whitmani species. It was observed that animal shelters are the domestic ecotopes where there is the greatest frequency of these insects. The localities where the collections were made had the environmental characteristics that allow the persistence of transmission of parasites from the American tegumentary leishmaniasis. Although the fauna and the behavior of sandflies species are similar in different localities, the method of controlling these insects should be adjusted to the environmental characteristics of each one of the most diverse endemic areas of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in the municipalities of Paraná State.

  5. Informações preliminares sobre flebotomíneos do norte do Paraná

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    Ueslei Teodoro

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available São relatados os resultados de coletas de flebotomíneos feitas em localidades de 10 municípios do Estado do Paraná, com armadilhas de Falcão em domicílios, abrigos de animais domésticos e nas matas, de 1999 a 2002. Coletaram-se 13.653 flebotomíneos de 10 espécies dos gêneros Brumptomyia, Expapillata, Evandromyia, Migonemyia, Pintomyia, Nyssomyia, Psathyromyia. A espécie Nyssomyia neivai predominou em cinco municípios, e N. whitmani nos demais, a qual foi numericamente superior à primeira. Verificou-se maior freqüência de flebotomíneos nas matas, residências, pocilgas e galinheiros. As investigações sobre a participação de animais domésticos e da fauna de flebotomíneos na epidemiologia da leishmaniose tegumentar deveriam fazer parte da rotina dos serviços de saúde, especialmente nas áreas onde a doença é endêmica.

  6. GLOBAL WARMING AND POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON FUTURE THE BRAZILIAN GRAIN PRODUCTION Hilton S. Pinto.State University of Campinas (UNICAMP). CNPq. Eduardo D. Assad. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA). CNPq. Eduardo Pavao. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA). Ricardo Luna. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, H. S.; Assad, E. D.; Pavao, E.; Luna, R.

    2012-12-01

    According to the Brazilian Government (CONAB, July 2012) the actual area of grain production in the country is close to 50.8 million ha and the perspective of production is 162.6 million of tons. Maize and Soybean are responsible for more than 83% of the total harvest. The area available for agriculture in Brazil is 282.2 million ha or close to 33% of the total land of the country. From 1991 until 2010 the agricultural technology was responsible for an increase of production close to 154% while the planted area raised only 25%. Considering this rate of production in the last 20 years the Ministry of Agriculture made an extrapolation for 2020, when the country can produce close to 176 million of grains being 65 million tons of maize, 86 million tons of soybean and 70 million bags of coffee. In this case, it was not considered any variation in the climate conditions. In 2002, in partnership with the British Embassy in Brazil, Unicamp and Embrapa published the study "Global Warming and the New Geography of Agricultural Production in Brazil" (Pinto and Assad, 2002) based on a Regional Climate Model PRECIS from Hadley Centre, where the grain production was estimated to decrease due to temperature rise. Without considering any mitigation or adaptation action, in the worst scenario (A2-IPCC) the principal crops to be affected will be coffee with 6.7% estimated production decrease until 2020, soybean 22% and corn 12%. On the other hand, sugar cane, as a C4 plant, will have an increase of production in the order of 170%. As suggested by the Word Bank, a new project was developed for a more detailed analysis of the influence of the global warming in the Brazilian agriculture, affecting temperature and water deficit in the years 2020 and 2030. It was considered initially 23 Global Climatic Models (GCM) defined by IPCC, that were separated in blocks of similar comportment using cluster multivariate analysis. Other 3 Regional Climatic Models (RCM) were also used to give more

  7. Comentarios sobre la distribución de la langosta pinta Panulirus inflatus y la langosta roja P. interruptus (Crustacea: Palinuridae en el Pacífico mexicano Remarks on the distribution of the pinto lobster Panulirus inflatus and the red lobster P. interruptus (Crustacea: Palinuridae in the Mexican Pacific

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    Ernesto Campos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo de campo sobre la costa oeste de la península de Baja California entre los años 2000 y 2005 dio como resultado la ampliación del ámbito geográfico norteño, desde la Bahía de Santa María hasta Punta Eugenia y sus zonas aledañas, para una población permanente de la langosta pinta Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier, 1895. Registros de esta especie para Bahía de Los Ángeles (golfo de California e isla Guadalupe, México y San Diego, California, en Estados Unidos de América están considerados extralímite y se relacionan con el incremento en la temperatura promedio en el golfo, la condición de calentamiento del agua marina en el Pacifico oriental o el evento El Niño. Adicionalmente, un análisis histórico detallado sobre la distribución de la langosta roja P. interruptus (Randall, 1893 sugiere que los registros al sur de Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur y aquellos de la parte sur del Golfo de California son extralímite. Sin embargo, los individuos de Bahía de Los Ángeles y sus áreas aledañas (incluyendo Isla Tiburón y Guaymas, Sonora parecen representar una población que quedó aislada de aquella de la costa oeste de la península de Baja California después de que el corredor marino medio-peninsular, presente en el período Terciario neógeno, se cerró al emerger completamente la península.Fieldwork along the west coast of the Baja California peninsula has resulted in a northern range extension, from Bahía Santa María to Punta Eugenia and vicinity, Baja California Sur, Mexico, for a permanent population of the pinto lobster Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier, 1895. Records of this species from Ángel de la Guarda Island (within the Gulf of California and Guadalupe Island, Mexico and San Diego, California, USA are considered extralimital and related to annual water warming in the Gulf and the Eastern Pacific warm water condition or El Niño event, respectively. In addition, an historic analysis of the red lobster

  8. Apoptose e expressão de VP2 e GAPDH na infecção precoce pelo vírus da doença infecciosa da bursa de Fabricius em pintos SPF Apoptosis and expression of VP2 and GADPH in an experimental infectious bursal disease in SPF chicks

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    J.J. Batista

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Vinte e nove pintos SPF de um dia foram inoculados com o vírus da doença infecciosa da bursa de Fabricius (VDIB para avaliar a ocorrência precoce de apoptose e a expressão da proteína viral 2 (VP2 e da enzima gliceraldeído fosfato dehidrogenase (GAPDH. Os animais foram distribuídos em cinco grupos: 1-controle; e 2 a 5- com 24, 48, 72 e 96 horas pós-inoculação, respectivamente. Fragmentos da bursa de Fabricius foram colhidos para processamento histológico e extração de RNA. Lâminas coradas em HE e TUNEL (marcação in situ da fragmentação do genoma com transferase terminal de deoxinucleotídeo foram utilizadas na morfometria do índice apoptótico. Amostras de mRNA foram testadas para a expressão dos genes VP2 e GAPDH utilizando-se transcrição reversa e RT-PCR. Utilizou-se um kit SYBR GREEN PCR, e a reação foi desenvolvida em ABI Prism 7000 SDS. Os índices apoptóticos cresceram progressivamente indicando uma relação na atrofia bursal causada pelo VDIB. Paralelamente, os resultados da PCR em tempo real demonstraram queda da carga viral nas células linfóides da bursa nos diferentes intervalos de tempo do experimento. Esses resultados sugerem um papel protetor da apoptose na diminuição da replicação viral.Twenty-nine SPF 1-day-old chicks were inoculated with infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV to evaluate early apoptosis and the expression of viral protein 2 (VP2 and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenease (GAPDH. Five groups were formed: G1-control -and G2 to G5, - 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours post inoculation, respectively. Half of each BF was fixed and processed by routine techniques. To quantify apoptosis, 5µm-thick sections were stained with HE and submitted to TUNEL (terminal transferase UDP nick end labeling technique. mRNA was extracted from pooled samples of 3 animals/group and used for the expression of VP2 and GADPH genes using the reverse transcription and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR. A SYBR

  9. Efeito de diferentes relações treonina: lisina digestíveis, suplementadas ou não com glicina, sobre a atividade enzimática em pintos de corte Effect of different digestible threonine: digestible lysine ratios, with or without glycine supplementation, on the enzymatic activity in broiler chicks

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    Verônica Maria Pereira Bernardino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da suplementação de glicina em dietas com diferentes relações treonina:lisina digestíveis sobre a atividade de enzimas que metabolizam a treonina. Foram utilizados 560 pintos de corte machos, linhagem Cobb, durante o período de 8 a 21 dias de idade, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, num arranjo fatorial 3 × 2 + 1, composto de três relações treonina:lisina digestíveis (55; 65 e 75%, com suplementação ou não de glicina, mais um tratamento adicional, contendo farinha de carne e ossos e com relação treonina:lisina digestíveis de 65%. Utilizaram-se oito repetições por tratamento e 10 aves por unidade experimental alojadas em baterias metálicas. Procedeu-se à coleta total de excretas durante toda a fase experimental. Para determinação da atividade das enzimas treonina aldolase, treonina desidrogenase e treonina desidratase, foram abatidas no final do experimento duas aves por unidade experimental para retirada do fígado. As relações treonina:lisina influenciaram a atividade das três enzimas no fígado: a maior atividade de treonina aldolase foi para a relação de 75%; a de treonina desidrogenase para a relação de 65%, e a de treonina desidratase para a relação de 55%. A suplementação de glicina reduz a atividade de todas as enzimas avaliadas.The experiment was conducted with the objective evaluating the effect of supplementation of glycine in diets with different digestible threonine:digestible lysine ratios on the activity of enzymes that metabolize threonine. Five hundred and sixty male broiler chicks from the Cobb strain were used during the period of 8 to 21 days, distributed in a completely randomized design, in a 3 × 2 + 1 factorial arrangement, with 3 digestible threonine:digestible lysine ratios (55; 65 and 75%, with or without supplementation of glycine, plus an additional treatment, containing meat and bone meal, with a 65

  10. Níveis de lisina digestível com dois balanços eletrolíticos para pintos de corte na fase inicial, de 1 a 21 dias de idade Level digestible lysine with two electrolyte balances for broiler chicks at the starting phase (1-21 day

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    Evandro Campestrini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar os níveis de lisina digestível para frangos de corte na fase inicial (1 a 21 dias de idade utilizando-se dois balanços eletrolíticos. Foram utilizados 800 pintos de corte machos, da linhagem Cobb, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 2 × 5, composto de cinco níveis de lisina (1,021; 1,276; 1,531; 1,786; 2,042 e dois balanços eletrolíticos (190 e 255 mEq/kg, com quatro repetições de 20 aves por unidade experimental. Houve interação para peso final, ganho de peso e consumo de ração e, com o balanço eletrolítico de 190 mEq/kg, o melhor peso final e ganho de peso foram obtidos com o nível de 1,515% de lisina. Para o balanço eletrolítico de 255 mEq/kg, o melhor peso final e ganho de peso foi observado com o nível de 1,801% de lisina digestível. A conversão alimentar melhorou de forma linear decrescente com o aumento dos níveis de lisina digestível. Os valores de ácido úrico e proteína total não diferiram, entretanto os níveis de cálcio apresentaram interação entre os balanços eletrolíticos e os níveis de lisina. A exigência de lisina digestível para a fase inicial, de 1 a 21 dias de idade, varia conforme o balanço eletrolítico da ração.An experiment was conducted with the objective of evaluating the levels digestible lysine for chickens in the starting phase (1 to 21 days of age, using two eletrolytes balances. Eighty hundred male Cobb broilers were used, allotted in a randomized complete design in a 2 × 5 factorial arrangement consisting of five levels digestible lysine levels (1.021; 1.276; 1.531; 1.786; 2.042 and two electrolyte balances (190 and 255 mEq/kg, with four replications and 20 chicks per experimental unit. There was interaction for final weight, weight gain and feed intake, and for the electrolyte balance of 190 mEq/kg the best final weight and weight gain were observed with a 1.515% of digestible

  11. Phlebotominae fauna in a recent deforested area with American tegumentary leishmaniasis transmission (Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, Argentina): seasonal distribution in domestic and peridomestic environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, María Soledad; Lestani, Eduardo Ariel; Cavia, Regino; Salomón, Oscar Daniel

    2012-04-01

    Phlebotominae sand flies have been involved as vectors of Leishmania. In Argentina, Nyssomyia neivai and Nyssomyia whitmani are involved as the main vectors of American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis (ATL). In the northeastern border of the country, an outbreak of ATL during 2004-2005 was associated with deforestation and subsequent settlement of farmers close to the edge of the forest. The aim of this work was to study the community composition of sand flies along time in farms located near primary and secondary forest in two environments: houses and pigsties. The association of abundance with temperature and precipitation was also evaluated for the most prevalent species. A total of 23,659 Phlebotominae belonging to the genera Nyssomyia, Migonemyia, Pintomyia, Evandromyia, Micropygomyia, Sciopemyia, Dampfomyia, Psathyromyia and Brumptomyia were captured. Ny. whitmani, which was the most abundant species, and Migonemyia migonei, which was the second most abundant species, were present throughout the year. Both species were positively associated with temperature, mostly up to 31-47 days, and with precipitation at 31 days before the sampling day. The abundance was higher in pigsties than in houses, but the time pattern was positively associated between both environments. These results confirm that Ny. whitmani is the dominant species in the study area and its presence throughout the year indicates a potential long period of ATL transmission. The presence of Mg. migonei as the second species in abundance is relevant, because it has been described as a secondary vector of the parasites of ATL and a putative vector of the agent of American Visceral Leishmaniasis. We discuss the role of the pigsty as the environment that attract more sandflies, taking into account the number of sand flies captured there, the distance from the home, and the association of sand fly abundance with each of the two environments. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Efeitos do período de jejum entre o nascimento e o alojamento de pintos de corte e da adição de óleo à ração sobre o desenvolvimento do trato gastrintestinal e concentração de lipase Effects of fasting period between hatching and housing of broiler chicks and addition of oil to the feed on development of gastrointestinal tract and on lipase concentration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Cançado

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram determinar o efeito de três períodos de jejum (zero, 24 e 48 horas entre o nascimento e o alojamento de pintos e da adição de óleo à ração sobre o crescimento alométrico dos órgãos digestivos e estudar a atividade da lipase no pâncreas e intestino delgado. Foram utilizados 720 pintos de corte machos, criados de um a 15 dias de alojamento. As avaliações do crescimento dos órgãos digestivos foram feitas nos dias zero, três, seis, nove, 12 e 15 de idade. As avaliações da concentração de lipase no pâncreas foram feitas nos dias zero, três, seis, nove, 12 e 15, e no intestino delgado nos dias zero, três e seis. O delineamento experimental foi em arranjo fatorial 3 x 2 (três períodos de jejum e dois tipos de ração. O crescimento alométrico dos órgãos digestivos foi maior para as aves alojadas ao nascimento e a maior taxa de crescimento alométrico foi observada nos primeiros dias de vida, demonstrando crescimento mais acelerado dos órgãos digestivos nesta fase. Embora tenham sido encontradas reservas de lipase no pâncreas, ao nascimento as concentrações de lipase no intestino foram baixas e aumentaram com a idade. O conteúdo de lipase no intestino variou com a concentração de óleo na dieta.The objective of the present work was to evaluate the efects of the fasting periods (zero, 24 and 48 hours between hatching and housing of broiler chicks and the addition of oil to the feed, on the alometric growth of the digestive organs and lipase concentration in the pancreas and small intestine. In the experiment, 720 male broiler chicks were raised from one to 15 days of housing. The evaluations of development of the digestive organs were done on days zero, three, six, nine, 12 and 15 of age. The evaluations of the lipase concentrations in the pancreas were done on days zero, three, six, nine, 12 and 15, and in the small intestine on days zero, three and six. A factorial 3 x 2 (three

  13. Comparação de diluentes, diluições e tempo de armazenamento do sêmen sobre fertilidade, eclodibilidade e nascimento de pintos em matrizes pesadas Comparation of diluents, dilutions and storage time of heavy broiler breeder semen on fertility, hatchability and chick production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsio Antonio Pereira de Figueiredo

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar o melhor diluente, a diluição e o tempo de armazenamento para sêmen de galo. Um total de 60 galos e 630 galinhas com 55 semanas de idade foi artificialmente inseminado, uma vez por semana, por seis semanas consecutivas, utilizando-se 0,05 mL de sêmen/galinha. Os tratamentos foram: T1 = sêmen diluído com diluente comercial-DC; T2 = sêmen diluído com diluente Beltsville Poultry Sêmen Extender-BPSE; T3 = sêmen diluído com solução de Lake-LAKE; e T4 = sêmen fresco puro (Testemunha. Os níveis de diluição (D foram D=0 (não-diluído, D=2 (1 parte de sêmen: 2 partes de diluente e D = 4 (1 parte de sêmen: 4 partes de diluente. O tempo de repouso (H do sêmen foi H = 0, sem repouso, H = 1, IA 1 hora após a coleta e H=24, IA 24 horas após a coleta (conservado em refrigerador entre 2 e 5°C. Os ovos foram avaliados por ovoscopia e ao nascer com quebra de ovos não-eclodidos. O sêmen puro, não-diluído e sem repouso, produziu os melhores resultados para fertilidade e nascimento, 87,2 e 79,5%, respectivamente. As médias de fertilidade e nascimento de pintos para sêmen diluído na proporção 1:2, com 2 horas de repouso, foram 84,8 e 76,3; 81,7 e 73,6; e 76,0 e 65,9%, respectivamente, para os diluentes LAKE, DC e BPSE. Quando se usou sêmen diluído, a diluição 1:2 produziu melhor resultado que 1:4. O período de repouso do sêmen, após a diluição, deve ser o menor possível. O diluente de Lake apresentou os melhores resultados entre os diluientes, equiparando-se ao uso de sêmen puro não-diluído e inseminado logo após a coleta.The objective of this work was to identify the best semen extender, the dilution rate and the storage time for rooster semen. A total of 60 roosters and 630 hens with 55 weeks of age were artificially inseminated, once a week, by six consecutive weeks, using .05 mL of semen/hen. The treatments were: T1=semen diluted with commercial extender-DC; T2 =semen diluted

  14. Ecologia de Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani em área urbana do município de Maringá, Paraná Ecology of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani in an urban area in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ueslei Teodoro

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Estudar a fauna, a freqüência horária e a sazonalidade de flebotomíneos em abrigos de animais silvestres, perímetro urbano.. MÉTODOS: No Parque do Ingá, perímetro urbano do município de Maringá, PR, foram coletados flebotomíneos com armadilha de Shannon (AS e com armadilhas de Falcão (AF. As coletas com AS foram feitas na margem do córrego Moscados, das 18h às 6h. As coletas com AF foram realizadas em abrigos de aves, mamíferos e répteis silvestres, das 20h às 24h. Com ambos os métodos as coletas foram feitas duas noites ao mês, de outubro de 1998 a setembro de 2000. RESULTADOS: Nas As coletaram-se 13.656 flebotomíneos, com predomínio de Lutzomyia whitmani (98,7%. Coletaram-se 4.040 flebotomíneos, prevalecendo novamente L. whitmani (96,3%. Nas AS L. whitmani foi mais freqüente entre 0h e 2h. Nas AS, esta espécie foi mais freqüente no mês de agosto (55,1%, e nas AF em março (19,2% e novembro (15,9% de 1999, e em agosto (20,6% de 2000. Coletaram-se mais flebotomíneos nas AF instaladas nos abrigos de mamíferos (84,0%. CONCLUSÕES: Foi nítido o predomínio de L. whitmani no Parque do Ingá; o pico maior de freqüência de L. whitmani em AS é no mês de agosto e nas AF, em março e novembro; o pico de atividade de L. whitmani ocorre entre 0h e 2h.OBJECTIVES: To study the fauna, hours of activity and seasonality of phlebotomines in forest animal habitats in the Ingá Park, on the urban perimeter of the municipality of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil. METHODS: Phlebotomines were collected on the urban perimeter using Shannon traps from 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. and Falcão traps from 8:00 p.m. to 12:00 midnight, on two nights per month from October 1998 to September 2000. The Shannon traps were installed close to forest animal habitats and on the banks of the Moscados stream; the Falcão traps were placed in shelters for captive birds, forest mammals and reptiles. RESULTS: The Shannon traps yielded 13,656 phlebotomines, with predominance of Lutzomyia whitmani (98.7%. The Falcão traps yielded 4,040 phlebotomines, with L. whitmani again predominating (96.3%. L. whitmani was most frequently found between 12:00 midnight and 2:00 a.m. in the Shannon traps. This species was most frequently collected in the months of August (55.1% in the Shannon traps, and in March 1999 (19.2%, November 1999 (15.9% and August 2000 (20.6% in the Falcão traps. More phlebotomines were collected in Falcão traps installed in shelters for captive mammals (84.0%. CONCLUSION: There was a clear predominance of L. whitmani in the Ingá Park. The greatest frequency of L. whitmani was in August from Shannon traps, and in March and November from Falcão traps. The peak activity of L. whitmani took place between 12:00 midnight and 2:00 a.m.

  15. Reseña de Gonzalo García, Consuelo; García Yebra, Valentín (eds.). Documentación, terminología y traducción. Madrid: Síntesis/Fundación Duques de Soria, 2000. 174p. Gonzalo García, Consuelo; García Yebra, Valentín (eds.). Manual de documentación y terminología para la traducción especializada. Madrid: Arco/Libros. Instrumenta Bibliológica, 2004. 557 p. Pinto, Maria; Cordón, José Antonio (eds.). Técnicas documentales aplicadas a la traducción. Madrid, Síntesis, 1999. 255 p

    OpenAIRE

    Sales Salvador, Dora

    2005-01-01

    Book review of: Gonzalo García, Consuelo; García Yebra, Valentín (eds.). Documentación, terminología y traducción. Madrid: Síntesis/Fundación Duques de Soria, 2000. 174p. Gonzalo García, Consuelo; García Yebra, Valentín (eds.). Manual de documentación y terminología para la traducción especializada. Madrid: Arco/Libros. Instrumenta Bibliológica, 2004. 557 p. Pinto, Maria; Cordón, José Antonio (eds.). Técnicas documentales aplicadas a la traducción. Madrid, Síntesis, 1999. 255 p....

  16. [Sandflies in rural localities in northwest Paraná State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cella, Wilsandrei; Melo, Simone Cristina Castanho Sabaini de; Legriffon, Cristiane Machado de Oliveira; Freitas, Janaina Sales de; Kuhl, João Balduino; Teodoro, Ueslei; Rossi, Robson Marcelo

    2011-12-01

    This study reports the results from sandfly captures at six sites in a rural area of Japurá, Paraná State, Brazil, showing the vector's presence indoors, outdoors, and in residual forest. Sandfly captures were performed with Falcão traps from 8:00 AM to 3:00 PM. At sites 195, 223, 236, and 527, three captures were performed at different times from December 2007 to January 2009. At sites 175 and 218, captures were performed from January to December 2008. 8,453 sandflies were captured, with an average of 155.40 specimens per hour. Nyssomyia neivai was the predominant species. Most sandflies were captured in domestic animal shelters (75.91 per hour) and in ciliary forest (38.45 per hour) during the hottest and rainiest months, in the outdoor environment with accumulation of organic matter and inadequate disposal of household wastewater. The study emphasizes the need for regular outdoor cleaning around households and building domestic animal shelters far from residences.

  17. Don Hermógenes Miranda: un curandero llamado Pato Pinto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Arturo Molina Loza

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo consta de dos partes, una primera en que el curandero nos habla de su vida y de su trabajo. Y una segunda en que el autor hace un breve análisis explicando el porqué de la eficacia de la intervención del curandero. El material fue recogido durante una visita realizada en diciembre de 1983 y enero de' 1984. El discurso del curandero fue grabado y se presenta, salvo un reordenarniento, si ninguna modificación.

  18. The impact of tillage on Pinto bean cultivar response to drought induced by deficit irrigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drought stress is a major factor limiting yield of dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and drought tolerant cultivars are being developed. Reducing tillage in row crops has advantages of conserving moisture and increasing water infiltration, and may alter the response of dry bean cultivars to drought stre...

  19. Problems of Cartesian Product Solved by Elementary School Students Sandra Maria Pinto MaginaI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Pinto Magina

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The study investigated the solution of direct (which requires multiplication for its resolution and inverse (which requires division for its resolution Cartesian product problems by elementary education students, examining the level of problem complexity and the children procedures according to the type of problem. A total of 269 8 and 10 year-old students attending from 3rd to 5th grade, were asked 8 and 10 years to solve direct and inverse Cartesian product problems. As expected, the inverse problem was the most difficult one. The strategies showed that levels of combinatorial reasoning vary according to the type of problem. It was also found a progression in the solution of direct Cartesian product problems, but not in relation to the solution of inverse problems.

  20. Reflections on Heckman and Pinto’s Causal Analysis After Haavelmo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    the econometric literature (under the rubric of “misspecification” and “robustness”) and, yet, only a handful of economists have the skill and tools...inference. It could have been addressed and rectified by HP’s paper. A second reason is more mystical, and stems from the habit of parametric thinking , often...involving transportability or counterfactual queries may require the inferential machinery of do-calculus or counterfactual logic. Still, such

  1. Design, Construction, and Analysis of Fabric-Reinforced Embankment Test Section at Pinto Pass, Mobile, Alabama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    the nonwoven fabrics, it is used as a component of woven geotechnical fabrics, along with the pre- viously mentioned polyesters, polypropylenes , nylons...texture, and a relatively high permeability. 20 The synthetics such as polyester, polyamide (nylon), and polypropylene fibers used in nonwoven fabrics...of these particular applications, geotechnical fabrics are widely re- ferred to as " filter cloth." Most woven and nonwoven fabrics have an equivalent

  2. Taxonomic status of Ascocotyle (Phagicola) rara Arruda, Muniz-Pereira et Pinto, 2002 (Digenea: Heterophyidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Scholz, Tomáš; Muniz-Pereira, L. C.; Santos, C. P.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 4 (2006), s. 297-301 ISSN 0015-5683 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA6022404; GA MŠk LC522 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518 Keywords : Digenea * morphology * systematics Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 1.511, year: 2006

  3. Ecologia de Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani em área urbana do município de Maringá, Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodoro Ueslei

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Estudar a fauna, a freqüência horária e a sazonalidade de flebotomíneos em abrigos de animais silvestres, perímetro urbano.. MÉTODOS: No Parque do Ingá, perímetro urbano do município de Maringá, PR, foram coletados flebotomíneos com armadilha de Shannon (AS e com armadilhas de Falcão (AF. As coletas com AS foram feitas na margem do córrego Moscados, das 18h às 6h. As coletas com AF foram realizadas em abrigos de aves, mamíferos e répteis silvestres, das 20h às 24h. Com ambos os métodos as coletas foram feitas duas noites ao mês, de outubro de 1998 a setembro de 2000. RESULTADOS: Nas As coletaram-se 13.656 flebotomíneos, com predomínio de Lutzomyia whitmani (98,7%. Coletaram-se 4.040 flebotomíneos, prevalecendo novamente L. whitmani (96,3%. Nas AS L. whitmani foi mais freqüente entre 0h e 2h. Nas AS, esta espécie foi mais freqüente no mês de agosto (55,1%, e nas AF em março (19,2% e novembro (15,9% de 1999, e em agosto (20,6% de 2000. Coletaram-se mais flebotomíneos nas AF instaladas nos abrigos de mamíferos (84,0%. CONCLUSÕES: Foi nítido o predomínio de L. whitmani no Parque do Ingá; o pico maior de freqüência de L. whitmani em AS é no mês de agosto e nas AF, em março e novembro; o pico de atividade de L. whitmani ocorre entre 0h e 2h.

  4. Ecologia de Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani em área urbana do município de Maringá, Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ueslei Teodoro

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Estudar a fauna, a freqüência horária e a sazonalidade de flebotomíneos em abrigos de animais silvestres, perímetro urbano.. MÉTODOS: No Parque do Ingá, perímetro urbano do município de Maringá, PR, foram coletados flebotomíneos com armadilha de Shannon (AS e com armadilhas de Falcão (AF. As coletas com AS foram feitas na margem do córrego Moscados, das 18h às 6h. As coletas com AF foram realizadas em abrigos de aves, mamíferos e répteis silvestres, das 20h às 24h. Com ambos os métodos as coletas foram feitas duas noites ao mês, de outubro de 1998 a setembro de 2000. RESULTADOS: Nas As coletaram-se 13.656 flebotomíneos, com predomínio de Lutzomyia whitmani (98,7%. Coletaram-se 4.040 flebotomíneos, prevalecendo novamente L. whitmani (96,3%. Nas AS L. whitmani foi mais freqüente entre 0h e 2h. Nas AS, esta espécie foi mais freqüente no mês de agosto (55,1%, e nas AF em março (19,2% e novembro (15,9% de 1999, e em agosto (20,6% de 2000. Coletaram-se mais flebotomíneos nas AF instaladas nos abrigos de mamíferos (84,0%. CONCLUSÕES: Foi nítido o predomínio de L. whitmani no Parque do Ingá; o pico maior de freqüência de L. whitmani em AS é no mês de agosto e nas AF, em março e novembro; o pico de atividade de L. whitmani ocorre entre 0h e 2h.

  5. Environmental suitability for Lutzomyia longipalpis in a subtropical city with a recently established visceral leishmaniasis transmission cycle, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrozpe, Pablo; Lamattina, Daniela; Santini, María Soledad; Araujo, Analía Vanesa; Utgés, María Eugenia; Salomón, Oscar Daniel

    2017-10-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an endemic disease in northeastern Argentina including the Corrientes province, where the presence of the vector and canine cases of VL were recently confirmed in December 2008. The objective of this study was to assess the modelling of micro- and macro-habitat variables to evaluate the urban environmental suitability for the spatial distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis presence and abundance in an urban scenario. Sampling of 45 sites distributed throughout Corrientes city (Argentina) was carried out using REDILA-BL minilight traps in December 2013. The sampled specimens were identified according to methods described by Galati (2003). The analysis of variables derived from the processing of satellite images (macro-habitat variables) and from the entomological sampling and surveys (micro-habitat variables) was performed using the statistical software R. Three generalised linear models were constructed composed of micro- and macro-habitat variables to explain the spatial distribution of the abundance of Lu. longipalpis and one composed of micro-habitat variables to explain the occurrence of the vector. A total of 609 phlebotominae belonging to five species were collected, of which 56% were Lu. longipalpis. In addition, the presence of Nyssomyia neivai and Migonemya migonei, which are vectors of tegumentary leishmaniasis, were also documented and represented 34.81% and 6.74% of the collections, respectively. The explanatory variable normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) described the abundance distribution, whereas the presence of farmyard animals was important for explaining both the abundance and the occurrence of the vector. The results contribute to the identification of variables that can be used to establish priority areas for entomological surveillance and provide an efficient transfer tool for the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases.

  6. Spatial population dynamics and temporal analysis of the distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in the city of Clorinda, Formosa, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Bravo, Andrea; German, Alba; Abril, Marcelo; Scavuzzo, Marcelo; Salomón, Oscar D

    2017-07-25

    Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector for the causal agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), has extended its distribution in the southern cone in the Americas. The first urban record of Lu. longipalpis in Argentina was from the City of Clorinda in 2004. The aim of this study was to analyse the monthly distribution and abundance of Lu. longipalpis and to evaluate its association with environmental and climatic variables in Clorinda City, Province of Formosa. Phlebotominae sampling was performed using CDC light mini-traps that were placed in different sites of the city between January 2012 and December 2013. Environmental variables including the normalised difference vegetation index, normalized difference water index, land surface temperature and precipitation were evaluated using a spatiotemporal model. A total of 4996 phlebotomine sandflies were captured during the study period, and eight species were reported: Lu. longipalpis, Migonemyia migonei, Nyssomyia whitmani, Ny. neivai, Brumptomyia guimaraesi, Evandromyia cortelezzii/sallesi, Psathyromyia bigeniculata and Expapillata firmatoi. This is the first urban record of Ex. firmatoi in Argentina. Lutzomyia longipalpis was the most abundant species between 2012 and 2013, and it appeared in all the sampled sites. Moreover, the model applied showed that ground humidity and temperature were significantly associated with the abundance of Lu. longipalpis. This longitudinal approach at city scale allows for modelling that explains more than 60% of the temporal variability of the abundance of Lu. longipalpis based exclusively on satellite obtained data. The results support the hypothesis of steady 'hot spots' of abundance with time, while other sites could change its abundance due to eventual microenvironment changes. The Lu. longipalpis abundance driving factors are breeding site-related variables, highlighting the importance both for modelling and surveillance to use lag data.

  7. LYDIA DAS DORES MATTA, SUA TRAJETÓRIA COMO DIRETORA DA ESCOLA DE ENFERMAGEM ALFREDO PINTO (1956-1961)

    OpenAIRE

    Cavalcanti, Vanessa Costa; UNIRIO; Moreira, Almerinda; UNIRIO

    2010-01-01

    In order to evaluate the protection of passive antibodies of Newcastle disease, chicks of commercial line from three distinct incubators commercialized in the city of Goiânia were submitted to four types of treatment. The first group was vaccinated in the first day of life, the second on the seventh day of life, the third, in the fourteenth and the group not vaccinated (control. The chicks received ocular via 0.03 ml of Lasota against the Newcastle disease. The immunologic answer was evaluated through the Hemagglutination - Inhibition tests and total protection tests, challenging from the first through the forty-second day, with intermission of a week. The sorological results of maternal antibodies showed that the geometric mean HI titres (expressed in log2 decrease strongly from the first to the third week, the same happened with the challenge tests, with 98% of protection on the first days of life, with average percentage of 26% on the third week. It was verified, within the experiment conditions, when it's established a single vaccination, the ideal age is around fourteen days; though the average of mortality in this group during all phases of the experiment was 22.86% was not possible to obtain the percentage level of total protection.

    Para avaliar a proteção conferida de anticorpos passivos na doença de Newcastle, pintinhos de linhagem comercial, oriundos de três incubatórios distintos, comercializados na cidade de Goiânia foram submetidos a quatro tratamentos. Um grupo foi vacinado no primeiro dia de vida, outro no sétimo dia de vida, o terceiro no décimo quarto e o último não vacinado (controle. Os animais receberam, via ocular, 0,03 ml da vacina “Lasota” contra a doença de Newcastle. A resposta imunológica foi avaliada pela reação de inibição da hemoaglutinação e testes de proteção total ao desafio do primeiro ao quadragésimo segundo dia, com intervalos de uma semana. Os resultados sorológicos de anticorpos maternos indicaram que as médias geométricas (expressas em log2 declinaram acentuadamente da primeira para a terceira semana. O mesmo aconteceu com a resistência ao desafio de 98% de proteção nos primeiros dias de vida para uma percentagem média de 26% na terceira semana. Averiguou-se, também, dentro das condições do experimento, que quando se estabelece a vacinação única, a idade indicada é em torno de quatorze dias, vez que a percentagem média de mortalidade nesse grupo, durante toda fase do experimento foi 22,86%, no entanto, os níveis de proteção total não foram atingidos.

  8. Uso do arprinocid, nicarbazina e 3-5-dinitro-o-toluamida (d.o.t) no controle da coccidiose em reprodutoras pesadas para produção de pintos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Cristino Barbosa

    1984-01-01

    O presente experimento foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a eficiência dos anticoccídicos arprinocid, nicarbazina e 3-5-dinitro-o-toluamida (D.O.T.) em diversas dosagens e combinações, em programas de controle da coccidiose em galinhas matrizes. Foram utilizadas 840 matrizes, da linhagem comercial Cobb, de 1 dia a 20 semanas de idade. Estas aves foram alojadas em um galpão convencional, dividido em vários boxes. Como material de "cama" foi utilizado o cepilho de madeira. A ração utilizad...

  9. Homenajes: Académico Dr. Mario Camacho Pinto, Académico Dr. J. Hernando Ordoñez Garay y Académico Dr. Juan Di Doménico Ruggiero.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya

    2006-06-01

    Recuerdo, como si fuera hoy, lo que en adelante se llamaría “el punto de Di Domenico”: después de doce horas de cirugía en una de las salas del pabellón quirúrgico del Hospital de San José, cuando ayudantes, instrumentadora, anestesiólogo y enfermeras circulantes estábamos al borde del colapso, el último punto que colocaba el Profesor Di Domenico sangraba, a raíz de lo cual el hábil cirujano deshacía todas las suturas y recomenzaba el trabajo, después de haberse asegurado de que el sangrado del vaso responsable había sido contenido definitivamente, en una valiente e inolvidable lección de responsabilidad y perfección quirúrgicas. Estos dos ejemplos de sabiduría docente; estas dos muestras de la genialidad profesional y de la capacidad escrutadora de las habilidades, intereses y verdadera vocación de cada uno de nosotros, sus discípulos, pueden mostrar ante Ustedes la realidad de ese Maestro que ha sido siempre el doctor Juan Di Domenico...

  10. Catalogue of the type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the Instituto Evandro Chagas, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos; Pinheiro, Maria Sueli Barros; de Andrade, Andrey José

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The available type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the “Coleção de Flebotomíneos” of the Instituto Evandro Chagas (ColFleb IEC) is now presented in an annotated catalogue comprising a total of 121 type specimens belonging to 12 species as follow: Nyssomyia richardwardi (2 female paratypes), Nyssomyia shawi (9 male and 25 female paratypes), Nyssomyia umbratilis (female holotype and 1 female paratype), Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (1 male and 1 female paratypes), Pintomyia gruta (1 male and 2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus lainsoni (2 male syntypes), Psychodopygus leonidasdeanei (male holotype, female “allotype” and 45 female paratypes), Psychodopygus llanosmartinsi (2 female paratypes), Psychodopygus wellcomei (1 male and 4 female “syntypes”), Trichophoromyia readyi (male holotype, female “allotype” and 1 male paratype), Trichophoromyia adelsonsouzai (male holotype, 13 male 5 female paratypes), and Trichophoromyia brachipyga (1 male paratype). PMID:24715786

  11. Catalogue of the type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae deposited in the Instituto Evandro Chagas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago dos Santos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The available type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae deposited in the “Coleção de Flebotomíneos” of the Instituto Evandro Chagas (ColFleb IEC is now presented in an annotated catalogue comprising a total of 121 type specimens belonging to 12 species as follow: Nyssomyia richardwardi (2 female paratypes, Nyssomyia shawi (9 male and 25 female paratypes, Nyssomyia umbratilis (female holotype and 1 female paratype, Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (1 male and 1 female paratypes, Pintomyia gruta (1 male and 2 female paratypes, Psychodopygus lainsoni (2 male syntypes, Psychodopygus leonidasdeanei (male holotype, female “allotype” and 45 female paratypes, Psychodopygus llanosmartinsi (2 female paratypes, Psychodopygus wellcomei (1 male and 4 female “syntypes”, Trichophoromyia readyi (male holotype, female “allotype” and 1 male paratype, Trichophoromyia adelsonsouzai (male holotype, 13 male 5 female paratypes, and Trichophoromyia brachipyga (1 male paratype.

  12. Phlebotominae sand flies in Paraguay: abundance distribution in the Southeastern region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomón Oscar D

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available From September 1993 to August 2001, 7,190 phlebotomine were collected with CDC light trap in an endemic area for human leishmaniasis, in the departments of Misiones and Itapúa, Paraguay. Eleven species were identified: Lutzomyia neivai (93.7%, L. whitmani (4.1%, and L. fischeri, L. shannoni, L. migonei, L. misionensis, L. cortelezzii, L. pessoai, L. alphabetica, Brumptomyia avellari and B. guimaraesi (less than 1%. The last three species are new records for the country. The biodiversity and phlebotomine abundance were associated with the proximity to primary forest or gallery forest, but L. neivai was also found in peridomestic periurban environment. L. neivai was found throughout the year, and showed a period of higher activity from September to April (spring to fall with a unimodal or bimodal pattern in relation to the annual rainy peaks during the summer. Background literature about phlebotomine from Paraguay has been reviewed.

  1. Fauna de flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae em um foco de leishmaniose tegumentar americana na área periurbana de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas Sandfly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae in a focus of American cutaneous leishmaniasis on the urban periphery of Manaus, State of Amazonas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available No período de agosto de 2001 a julho de 2002, usando armadilhas CDC e Disney, realizaram-se coletas de flebotomíneos, na base de árvores no peridomicílio e nas matas da Comunidade São João, área periurbana de Manaus, Amazonas. Foram capturados 4.104 espécimes, pertencentes a quatro subtribos, 13 gêneros e 49 espécies da subfamília Phlebotominae. Predominou a subtribo Psychodopygina com 3.403 (83% espécimes, destacando-se Nyssomyia umbratilis, Nyssomyia anduzei, Trichophoromyia eurypyga, Bichromomyia olmeca nociva e Bichromomyia flaviscutellata. O registro de Nyssomyia umbratilis e Nyssomyia anduzei, incriminadas como vetoras de Leishmania (Viannia guyanensis, e de Bichromomyia flaviscutellata e Bichromomyia olmeca nociva, de Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis, indicam risco de infecção para os moradores da área. A grande maioria (98,5% dos flebotomíneos foi capturada na área de mata. Nyssomyia anduzei e Bichromomyia olmeca nociva foram coletadas no peridomicílio. A riqueza de espécies vetoras de Leishmania nessa área revela a necessidade de uma vigilância entomológica constante.From August 2001 to July 2002, sand flies were collected from the bases of trees and, using CDC and Disney traps, from areas surrounding homes and forested areas in the São João community, on the urban periphery of Manaus, State of Amazonas. 4,104 specimens belonging to four subtribes, 13 genera and 49 species of the Phlebotominae subfamily were collected. The subtribe Psychodopygina predominated, with 3,403 (83% specimens, especially of Nyssomyia umbratilis, Nyssomyia anduzei, Trichophoromyia eurypyga, Bichromomyia olmeca nociva and Bichromomyia flaviscutellata. The occurrences of Nyssomyia umbratilis and Nyssomyia anduzei, which have been incriminated as vectors for Leishmania (Viannia guyanensis, and of Bichromomyia flaviscutellata and Bichromomyia olmeca nociva, for Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis, indicate that there is a risk of infection

  2. Phlebotomine sandflies in a focus of dermal leishmaniasis in the eastern region of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina: preliminary results (Diptera: Psychodidae Flebotomíneos num foco de leishmaniose tegumentar na região leste do Estado de Santa Catarina: resultados preliminares (Diptera: Psychodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Brisola Marcondes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Due to the occurrence of cases of dermal leishmaniasis in the Municipality of Piçarras, in the East of the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, collections of Phlebotomine sandflies by the use of CDC-like light traps were developed near the houses of the patients. Three species (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri and Lu. ayrozai were collected. Lu. neivai was predominant near the houses, and Lu. ayrozai was collected in a secondary forest in a nearby municipality (Navegantes. The novelty of this focus, the most southern one in the East of Brazil, underscores the need for more complete studies on the sandfly fauna.Devido à ocorrência de casos de leishmaniose tegumentar no Município de Piçarras, na parte leste do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram realizadas coletas com armadilhas luminosas tipo CDC nas proximidades de casas de pacientes. Três espécies (Lutzomyia neivai, Lu. fischeri e Lu. ayrozai estavam representadas nas coletas. Lu. neivai foi predominante e Lu. ayrozai foi coletada em mata secundária. O ineditismo deste foco, o mais meridional no leste do Brasil, indica serem necessários estudos mais detalhados da fauna de flebotomíneos na área.

  3. [Sandfly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a focus of American cutaneous leishmaniasis on the urban periphery of Manaus, State of Amazonas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Maria das Graças Vale; Fé, Nelson Ferreira; Marcião, Alexandre Herculano Ribera; Silva, Ana Paula Thome; Monteiro, Wuelton Marcelo; Guerra, Jorge Augusto de Oliveira

    2008-01-01

    From August 2001 to July 2002, sand flies were collected from the bases of trees and, using CDC and Disney traps, from areas surrounding homes and forested areas in the São João community, on the urban periphery of Manaus, State of Amazonas. 4,104 specimens belonging to four subtribes, 13 genera and 49 species of the Phlebotominae subfamily were collected. The subtribe Psychodopygina predominated, with 3,403 (83%) specimens, especially of Nyssomyia umbratilis, Nyssomyia anduzei, Trichophoromyia eurypyga, Bichromomyia olmeca nociva and Bichromomyia flaviscutellata. The occurrences of Nyssomyia umbratilis and Nyssomyia anduzei, which have been incriminated as vectors for Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis, and of Bichromomyia flaviscutellata and Bichromomyia olmeca nociva, for Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, indicate that there is a risk of infection for people living in this area. Most (98.5%) of the sand flies were caught in the forested area. Nyssomyia anduzei and Bichromomyia olmeca nociva were collected from areas surrounding homes. The richness of vector species for Leishmania in this area shows the need for constant entomological surveillance.

  4. Fauna de flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae) em um foco de leishmaniose tegumentar americana na área periurbana de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa,Maria das Graças Vale; Fé,Nelson Ferreira; Marcião,Alexandre Herculano Ribera; Silva,Ana Paula Thome; Monteiro,Wuelton Marcelo; Guerra,Jorge Augusto de Oliveira

    2008-01-01

    No período de agosto de 2001 a julho de 2002, usando armadilhas CDC e Disney, realizaram-se coletas de flebotomíneos, na base de árvores no peridomicílio e nas matas da Comunidade São João, área periurbana de Manaus, Amazonas. Foram capturados 4.104 espécimes, pertencentes a quatro subtribos, 13 gêneros e 49 espécies da subfamília Phlebotominae. Predominou a subtribo Psychodopygina com 3.403 (83%) espécimes, destacando-se Nyssomyia umbratilis, Nyssomyia anduzei, Trichophoromyia eurypyga, Bich...

  5. Colloidal interactions in two-dimensional nematic emulsions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Departamento de Física da Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisboa Codex, Portugal; Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisboa Codex, Portugal; Instituto Superior de Engenharia ...

  6. Purification and molecular cloning of a new galactose-specific lectin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srinivas

    The mature protein was predicted to have 263 amino acid residues and. 28 963 Da in size. [Pinto L S, Nagano C S, Oliveira T M, Moura T R, Sampaio A H, Debray H, Pinto V P, Dellagostin O A and Cavada B S 2008 Purification and molecular cloning of a new galactose-specific lectin from Bauhinia variegata seeds; J. Biosci ...

  7. Effects of greywater irrigation on germination, growth and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-04-02

    Apr 2, 2016 ... and kitchen sinks (Finley et al., 2009; Pinto et al., 2010) for irrigation (Pinto et al., 2010). Greywater is already used for ... measured in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Plant material and experimental design ... food, dishes and kitchen utensils. Synthetic greywater was used in the study to avoid the ...

  8. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Departamento de Física da Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisboa Codex, Portugal; Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisboa Codex, Portugal; Instituto Superior de Engenharia ...

  9. Comportamento de variáveis climáticas em sistemas de ventilação mínima para produção de pintos de corte Behavior of environmental variables on minimum ventilation systems for the production of broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Menegali

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante o processo de criação de frangos de corte a fase inicial ou fase de aquecimento se caracteriza por ser este o período mais delicado devido à imaturidade fisiológica das aves. Desta forma, os fatores ambientais se destacam por inferir, de forma direta, no crescimento, no desempenho zootécnico e na mantança da vida desses animais. Objetivou-se, com base nessas considerações estudar, com este trabalho, o efeito de três diferentes sistemas de ventilação mínima (por pressão positiva, negativa e natural sobre as variáveis ambientais (temperatura do ar, umidade relativa e velocidade do ar de galpões de frangos de corte, durante a fase de aquecimento. De acordo com os resultados verificou-se que o sistema de aquecimento utilizado não foi satisfatório para manter a temperatura do ar e a umidade relativa dentro de padrões considerados adequados, expondo as aves, assim, a períodos de estresse térmico por frio. Em contrapartida, não ocorreram influências negativas em relação às taxas de ventilação aplicadas para os dois sistemas de ventilação positiva e negativa. A velocidade do ar também se manteve em níveis considerados não estressores para as aves, no período de aquecimento.During the creation process of poultry, the initial or heating phase, is characterized as the most delicate period due to physiological immaturity of the birds. Thus, environmental factors stand out to infer, directly, in the growth, on the performance and maintenance of life of these animals. Based on these considerations, the aim of this study was to study the effect of three different systems of minimum ventilation (positive pressure, negative and natural on environmental variables (air temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity of broiler sheds during the heating phase. According to results obtained, it was verified that the heating system used was inadequate to maintain the air temperature and relative humidity within the standards deemed appropriate, thus exposing the birds to periods of heat stress by cold. In contrast, there were negative influences regarding ventilation rates applied to the two ventilation systems positive and negative. Wind velocity also remained at levels considered non-stressful for young chickens.

  10. Estimativas de repetibilidades e herdabilidades para produção de ovos e pintos com acasalamentos hierárquicos em galinhas para corte Repeatability and heritability estimates for egg and chick production, with hierarchical matings, in meat-type chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RANDOLFO WILLIAM SILVESTRE CUSTÓDIO

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Foram estimadas repetibilidades (r e herdabilidades (h² de características reprodutivas de três populações de galinhas para corte do Setor de Aves da ESALQ/USP Piracicaba, SP. Cento e quinze galinhas foram inseminadas segundo um esquema hierárquico, com sêmen de 23 galos amostrados das populações I, II e III no experimento E1 e de outros 23 galos no experimento E2. Foram utilizadas quatro incubações, ou blocos, em cada experimento. Estimativas de r e h² foram obtidas dentro de experimento, pela análise de variância de médias de galinha em cada incubação. As estimativas de r da produção de ovos (POST foram significativas (P0,05 e 0,26±0,17 no E2 (PRepeatability (r and heritability (h² for reproductive traits were estimated from three meat-type chicken populations. One hundred and fifteen females were inseminated with semen of 23 males from three populations under a hierarchical mating system in a first experiment (E1 and with other 23 males in a second experiment (E2. Four hatches, or blocks, were produced for each experiment. Estimates of r and h² were obtained by analyses of variance among males, and among females within males within populations and experiments, performed with averages per hen in each hatch. Repeatabilities for egg production (POST were significant (P0.05 and 0.26±0.17 (P<0.05. For hatchability of all eggs set (NASC, the h² (P<0.05 based on male components were equal to 0.18±0.15 (E1 and 0.26±0.17 (E2. The h² estimated from dam components were larger and significant (P<0.01. The dam estimates for ECLOD were 0.77±0.09 and 0.48±0.20 for E1 and E2 respectively, and for NASC, 0.58±0.21 (E1 and 0.48±0.20 (E2. The results confirm that ECLOD and NASC tend to present low additive genetic variability.

  11. Estudio de alternativas para la accesibilidad entre las localidades de Pinto-Valdemoro y Arganda del Rey-Rivas Vaciamadrid : plan económico financiero de la concesión para desdoblamiento de la M-506 entre San Martín de la Vega y Arganda del Rey

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Castro, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    Este proyecto tiene el objeto de definir la duplicación de la M-506 entre su intersección con la M-311 y su incorporación con la A-3, cumpliendo de esta forma con la canalización de una manera efectiva y segura del tráfico actual, así como el previsto en los próximos años. El objetivo de la actuación es doble: - Aumentar de forma notable la capacidad del tramo, duplicando la calzada, siendo de esta forma más atractiva y pudiendo ser un punto de evacuación de tráfico de la...

  12. Correlation of male genital filaments and female spermathecal ducts in New World sand flies of the Lutzomyia intermedia species complex (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcondes Carlos Brisola

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The lengths of the male genital filaments and female spermathecal ducts were measured in phlebotomine sand flies of the Lutzomyia intermedia species complex and the ratios between these characters calculated. Ratios for L. intermedia s. s. from Northeast vs Southeast Brazil (Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo/Minas Gerais vs Rio de Janeiro/São Paulo and L. intermedia vs L. neivai were significantly different at P < 0.1, 0.05 and 0.01 respectively when compared using ANOVA. The spermathecal ducts and genital filaments of L. intermedia were significantly longer than those of L. neivai (P < 0.01 and could be used to differentiate these species. The taxonomic and biological significance of these differences is discussed.

  13. Larvicidal activity of clove ( Eugenia caryophyllata ) extracts and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Larvicidal activity of clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) extracts and eugenol against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles darlingi. Eunice da S. Medeiros, Iléa B Rodrigues, Eleilza Litaiff-Abreu, Ana C. da S Pinto, Wanderli P Tadei ...

  14. Purification and characterization of a peroxidase present in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purification and characterization of a peroxidase present in xilopodium exsudates of umbu plants (Spondias tuberosa A.) M dos Santos Teixeira Pinto, JM Ribeiro, FP de Araujo, NF de Melo, KVS Fernandes ...

  15. Hidrogeologic and geophysical studies into Agro school Melo UTU Cerro Largo province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heinzen, W.; Santana, I.; Mari, C.

    1986-01-01

    The technical University UTU of Uruguay requested and Hidrogeologic study with the aim to analyze the factibility to discover underground stream waters which supply groundwaters into agro school Ing Agr. Alcides E Pintos Melo, Cerro Largo province.

  16. With Protein Foods, Variety Is Key: 10 Tips for Choosing Protein

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... many egg whites as you want. Eat plant protein foods more often Try beans and peas (kidney, pinto, black, or white beans; split peas; chickpeas; hummus), soy products (tofu, tempeh, veggie burgers), nuts, ...

  17. Hyperfinite representation of distributions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. J Sousa Pinto1 R F Hoskins2. Departamento de Matemática, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Mathematical Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK ...

  18. Sampling and P-sampling expansions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. J Sousa Pinto1 R F Hoskins1 2. Departamento de MatemaÂtica, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Mathematical Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK ...

  19. No Appetite? How to Get Nutrition during Cancer Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... pinto, navy, black, kidney) to casseroles, soups or stews. Choose meat salads, such as chicken, ham, turkey ... illness has made red meat — beef, pork or lamb — less appealing to you, try the following foods, ...

  20. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. J Sousa Pinto1 R F Hoskins2. Departamento de Matemática, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Mathematical Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK ...

  1. Sotsialistide suur edu asendumas kaotusega / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2006-01-01

    Portugali senise võimuerakonna, peaminister Jose Socrates Carvalho Pinto de Sousa juhitud sotsialistliku valitsuse populaarsus on tunduvalt vähenenud. Tõenäoliselt peab peaminister välja kuulutama ennetähtaegsed parlamendivalimised

  2. Quantitative investment analysis

    CERN Document Server

    DeFusco, Richard

    2007-01-01

    In the "Second Edition" of "Quantitative Investment Analysis," financial experts Richard DeFusco, Dennis McLeavey, Jerald Pinto, and David Runkle outline the tools and techniques needed to understand and apply quantitative methods to today's investment process.

  3. Molecular Identification of Leishmania spp. in Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) From Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevallos, Varsovia; Morales, Diego; Baldeón, Manuel E; Cárdenas, Paúl; Rojas-Silva, Patricio; Ponce, Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The detection and identification of natural infections in sand flies by Leishmania protozoan species in endemic areas is a key factor in assessing the risk of leishmaniasis and in designing prevention and control measures for this infectious disease. In this study, we analyzed the Leishmania DNA using nuclear ribosomal internal transcript spacer (ITS) sequences. Parasite DNA was extracted from naturally infected, blood-fed sand flies collected in nine localities considered leishmaniasis-endemic foci in Ecuador. The species of parasites identified in sand flies were Leishmania major-like, Leishmania naiffi, Leishmania mexicana, Leishmania lainsoni, and “Leishmania sp. siamensis”. Sand fly specimens of Brumptomyia leopoldoi, Mycropigomyia cayennensis, Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli, Nyssomyia trapidoi, Pressatia triacantha, Pressatia dysponeta, Psychodopygus carrerai carrerai, Psychodopygus panamensis, and Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis were found positive for Leishmania parasite. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the epidemiology and transmission dynamics of the disease in high-risk areas of Ecuador. PMID:28981860

  4. SAND FLY SPECIES COMPOSITION (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE: PHLEBOTOMINAE IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF CANTAGALO , AN AREA WITH SPORADIC CASES OF HUMAN CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quezia Nunes PERES-DIAS

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY The municipality of Cantagalo is an area with sustained transmission of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL. Monthly sand fly collections were performed for three years (June 2012 - May 2015 using a CDC light trap. A total of 3,310 specimens belonging to 12 species were trapped: Nyssomyia intermedia, Nyssomyia whitmani, Migonemyia migonei, Evandromyia lenti, Evandromyia cortelezzii, Micropygomyia quinquefer, Brumptomyia brumpti, Psathyromyia aragaoi, Micropygomyia schreiberi, Pintomyia fischeri, Sciopemyia sordellii, and Evandromyia edwardsi. The last seven species have not been previously recorded in this area. The highest abundance of species occurred between October and March. October was the month with the highest number of captured sand flies, one month before the peak in the summer rainfall. In October the highest number of Ny. intermedia, Ny. whitmani and Mg. migonei, were also collected, the three epidemiologically most important species. The high abundance of species with epidemiological importance for ACL transmission might explain the sporadic occurrence of the disease in the area.

  5. Molecular Detection of Leishmania in Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Collected in the Caititu Indigenous Reserve of the Municipality of Lábrea, State of Amazonas, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, T R R; Assis, M D G; Freire, M P; Rego, F D; Gontijo, C M F; Shimabukuro, P H F

    2014-11-01

    Phlebotominae sand flies are of medical importance because they are vectors of human pathogens, such as protozoa of the genus Leishmania Ross, etiological agent of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). In Lábrea, a municipality in the state of Amazonas, Brazil, ACL is primarily associated with subsistence activities, such as collection and extraction of forest products, undertaken by both indigenous and nonindigenous people. Data on ACL in indigenous populations are scarce, such that there is little information on the identity of the etiologic agent(s), reservoir host(s) and insect vector(s). The aim of this work was to study the sand fly fauna collected during an 8-d surveillance of different habitats in the Indigenous Reserve Caititu, Lábrea. In total, 1,267 sand flies were collected in different habitats for eight consecutive days, of which 819 (64.6%) were females and 448 (35.4%) males, from 10 genera and 32 species. The most abundant genera were Psychodopygus (34.3%), Trichophoromyia (22.9%), and Nyssomyia (15.3%). The most abundant species were Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis (Mangabeira) (n = 235, 18.5%), Psychodopygus davisi (Root) (n = 228, 18.0%) and Nyssomyia antunesi (Coutinho) (n = 135, 10.7%). Direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products demonstrated the presence of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in the following species of sand flies: Evandromyia apurinan (Shimabukuro, Silveira, & Silva), Nyssomyia umbratilis (Ward & Fraiha), Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli (Young & Porter), Ps. davisi, Sciopemyia servulolimai (Damasceno & Causey), and Th. ubiquitalis. The presence of natural infection by Leishmania detected in the sand fly species investigated in this study suggests their possible role in the transmission cycle of ACL in the studied area. © 2014 Entomological Society of America.

  6. Attractiveness of black and white modified Shannon traps to phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae) in the Brazilian Amazon Basin, an area of intense transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brilhante, Andreia Fernandes; de Ávila, Márcia Moreira; de Souza, Jailson Ferreira; Medeiros-Sousa, Antônio Ralph; Sábio, Priscila Bassan; de Paula, Marcia Bicudo; Godoy, Rodrigo Espindola; Melchior, Leonardo Augusto Kohara; Nunes, Vânia Lúcia Brandão; de Oliveira Cardoso, Cristiane; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi

    2017-01-01

    In the Amazon region the phlebotomine fauna is considered one of the most diverse in the world. The use of Shannon traps may provide information on the anthropophily of the species and improve the traps' performance in terms of diversity and quantity of insects collected when white and black colored traps are used together. This study sought to verify the attractiveness of the traps to the phlebotomine species of the Brazilian Amazon basin using Shannon traps under these conditions. The insects were collected using two Shannon traps installed side by side, one white and the other black, in a primary forest area of the municipality of Xapuri, Acre, Brazil. Samples were collected once a month during the period August 2013 to July 2015. A sample of females was dissected to test for natural infection by flagellates. A total of 6,309 (864 males and 5,445 females) specimens (36 species) were collected. Psychodopygus carrerai carrerai (42%), Nyssomyia shawi (36%), and Psychodopygus davisi (13%), together represented 90% of the insects collected. Nyssomyia shawi and Psychodopygus davisi were more attracted by the white color. Specimens of Nyssomyia shawi, Nyssomyia whitmani, and Psychodopygus hirsutus hirsutus were found naturally infected by flagellates in the mid and hindgut. This is the first study in Acre state using and comparing both black and white Shannon traps, demonstrating the richness, diversity, and anthropophilic behavior of the phlebotomine species and identifying proven and putative vectors of the etiological agents of leishmaniasis. © A.F. Brilhante et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2017.

  7. Evaluation of light-emitting diodes as attractant for sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in northeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Francinaldo Soares; Brito, Jefferson Mesquita; Costa, Benedita Maria; Lobo, Shelre Emile Pereira Duarte

    2015-01-01

    Hoover Pugedo light traps were modified for use with green and blue-light-emitting diodes to trap phlebotomine sandflies in northeastern Brazil. A total of 2,267 specimens belonging to eight genera and 15 species were sampled. The predominant species were Nyssomyia whitmani(34.41%) and Micropygomyia echinatopharynx(17.25%).The green LED trap prevailed over the blue and control lights; however, no statistically significant difference could be detected among the three light sources. Even withou...

  8. The phlebotomine sand flies fauna in Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Cristian Ferreira; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Bevilacqua, Paula Dias; Andrade Filho, Jose Dilermando

    2015-12-02

    Phlebotomine sand flies are dipterans of the family Psychodidae. They are very important to veterinary medicine because some species are vectors of infective forms of Leishmania spp., the etiological agents of leishmaniasis. The Parque Estadual do Rio Doce is located in an area with constant reports of cases of leishmaniasis. In order to better understanding the phlebotamine sand fly fauna of the park, the present work was undertaken with the goal of analyzing phlebotomine sand flies collected there, verifying their seasonality and correlating their presence with forest and/or anthropic areas. To analyze the fauna of phlebotomine sand flies, HP-type, model CDC light traps were distributed along the Juquita trail of PERD. Twelve traps were installed between September 2012 and February 2014, and captured specimens were identified to species. A total of 1993 phlebotomine sand flies of 30 species were captured. The most abundant species were Pressatia choti, Psychodopygus davisi and Nyssomyia intermedia. The high number of Nyssomyia intermedia captured drew attention because they are considered one of the vectors of the infective Leishmania braziliensis present at PERD. No seasonality was observed in the occurrence of phlebotomine sand flies captured at PERD. The number of captured specimens of vector species, and the distance of traps from the forest boarder, were negatively correlated, showing that these vectors (Nyssomyia intermedia, Nyssomyia whitmani and Migonemyia migonei) were less common inside the forest area and that attention should be drawn to other potential vector species in the forest. These results can contribute to leishmaniasis prevention strategies directed at the visitors and professionals at or near PERD. The finding of the presence of Leishmania vectors in the park area must be given attention, since disease transmission can threaten people who visit PERD and its surroundings. Therefore, information on the prevention of leishmaniasis needs to be

  9. New Records of Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) From the State of Alagoas, Northeast of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza Freitas, Moises Thiago; Dos Santos, Carlos Fernando Rocha; de Andrade, Edilberto Marinho; Marcondes, Carlos Brisola; de Queiroz Balbino, Valdir; Arley Costa Pessoa, Felipe

    2018-01-10

    Phlebotomine sand flies are small insects of great medical importance. This study presents new records of phlebotomine sand flies, which augment the list of species, recorded in the state of Alagoas, Brazil. Sand flies were collected using CDC miniature light traps. Collections were made between November 2008 and April 2016, in 47 municipalities within the state of Alagoas. Twenty-seven thousand two-hundred forty-four sand flies were collected, representing 18 species in seven genera. Lutzomyia longipalpis was the predominant species (85.4% of total), and it was recorded in all biomes. Three species (Evandromyia evandroi (Costa Lima and Antunes 1936), Evandromyia tupynambai (Mangabeira 1942), and Pressatia choti (Floch and Abonnenc 1941)) were collected in coastal and Atlantic forest biomes; five species (Lutzomyia villelai (Mangabeira 1942), Micropygomyia oswaldoi (Mangabeira 1942), Nyssomyia umbratilis (Ward and Frahia 1977), Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz and Neiva 1912), and Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes and Coutinho 1939)) were collected in Atlantic forest and Caatinga biomes. The species Evandromyia corumbaensis (Galati, Nunes, Oshiro and Rego 1989) and Psathyromyia naftalekatzi (Falcão, Andrade-Filho, Almeida and Brandão-Filho 2000) were found only in the coastal zones. This work provides an updated list of the phlebotomine sand flies of Alagoas, with some notes on their taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and epidemiological relevance. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. PERTUMBUHAN KACANG HIAS (Arachis pintoi PADA MEDIA TANAH PASCA PENAMBANGAN BATUBARA YANG DIPERKAYA MIKORIZA, KAPUR DAN PUPUK NPK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willie Samodra Laya

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effects of the provision of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF, the provision of lime, and the provision of NPK fertilizer, and the interaction effect of the provision of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF, lime and NPK fertilizers in promoting the growth of pinto peanut in the soil media of post-mining land. The research method used was a completely randomized design (CRD three-factor factorial with the first factor is the type of inoculant FMA (M = 3 levels, the second factor is the provision of lime (K = 3 levels, and the third factor is the NPK fertilizer (P = 3 levels. These results indicated that the interaction between AMF Glomus sp. and NPK fertilizer dose of 1 gram/polybag can increase height increase pinto peanut plants for 34.16 % of the controls. The interaction between AMF Gigaspora sp. The lime dose of 50 % Al-dd and Fertilizers NPK dose of 1 gram/polybag can increase the growth of leaves pinto peanut plants at 108.33 % of the controls. The interaction between AMF Glomus sp. and NPK fertilizer dose of 2 grams/polybag can increase canopy and root biomass pinto peanut plants at 245.21 % of the controls. The interaction between AMF Glomus sp. and NPK fertilizer dose of 2 grams/polybag can increase canopy and root biomass pinto peanut plants at 245.21 % of the controls. Level relative mycorrhizal dependency (RMD was influenced by the type of AMF plant inoculated host. Highest RMD shown in pinto peanut using AMF Glomus sp. is 31.99% at moderately dependent.

  11. Evaluation of seed yield and competition indices of corn (Zea mays L. intercropped with different bean (Phaseolus spp. types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakime Ziaei

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the intercropping of corn (Zea mays L. and bean cultivars (Phaseolus spp. an experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design with three replicaties at Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University during growing season of 2010. The experimental treatments consisted of sole cropping of corn, white bean, bush bean, red bean, pinto bean and sword bean and 50:50 ratio of corn and bean types. In this experiment, the corn-bush bean and corn-pinto bean intercropping had the highest seed yield (5734.4 and 5674.3 kg/ha-1, respectively and land equivalent ratio (LER=1.13 and 1.21, respectively. Evaluated intercropping indices indicated that red bean (k= 1.85, pinto bean (k= 2.41 and sword bean (k= 2.80 had the highest crowding coefficient whereas the maximum aggressivity value was belonged to pinto bean intercropped with corn (A= -0.02. Also, both the red bean and pinto bean (CR=0.75 and CR=0.98, respectively had the maximum competitive ratio. Furthermore, the most corn crowding coefficient (K=1.15 was belonged to corn and sword bean intercropping and maximum corn aggressivity value was observed in corn intercropped with white bean (A=+0.60 and bush bean (A=+0.69. In conclusion, according to competition indices, intercropping of 50% corn + 50 % red bean and pinto bean plants were superior as compared to other combinations.Also, both the red bean and pinto bean (CR=0.75 and CR=0.98, respectively had the maximum competitive ratio. Furthermore, the most corn crowding coefficient (K=1.15 was belonged to corn and sword bean intercropping and maximum corn aggressivity value was observed in corn intercropped with white bean (A=+0.60 and bush bean (A=+0.69. In conclusion, according to competition indices, intercropping of 50% corn + 50 % red bean and pinto bean plants were superior as compared to other combinations.

  12. Caminhando com o povo : discurso político e ideologia nas malhas da semiótica greimasiana

    OpenAIRE

    Vasconcelos, Suani de Almeida

    2013-01-01

    A tese "Caminhando com o povo: Discurso Político e Ideologia nas malhas da semiótica greimasiana”, produzida a partir de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, teve como objetivo a análise do percurso gerativo de sentido em alguns discursos escritos e em dois textos visuais do ex-Deputado Federal pelo MDB (Movimento Democrático Brasileiro), Francisco José Pinto dos Santos (Chico Pinto), ex-político da cidade de Feira de Santana/Ba. Teve ainda como meta específica verificar a memória intertextual que a c...

  13. Helminth parasites of fishes from the hydroelectric power station of Eletrosul

    OpenAIRE

    Kohn, Anna; Fernandes, Berenice M. M.; Pipolo, Harlan V.; Godoy, Manuel P. de

    1988-01-01

    Na Usina Hidrelátrica Salto Osório foram examinados 88 peixes, dos quais 24 (27,3%) encontravam-se parasitados por oito espécies de nematóides: Capillaria sp., formas imaturas de Contracoecum sp., Procamallanus peraccuratus Pinto et al., 1976, Procamallanus petterae Kohn & Fernandes, 1988, Raphidascaris sp., Spirocamallanus intermedius Pinto et al., 1974, Spirocamallanus pintoi Kohn & Fernandes, 1988 e Spirocamallanus sp., além de uma forma imatura de cestóide. Na Usina Hidrelétrica de Salto ...

  14. Flebotomíneos de Timóteo, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil (Diptera: Psychodidae Sand flies in Timóteo, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Diptera: Psychodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Dilermando Andrade Filho

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Casos esporádicos de leishmaniose tegumentar têm ocorrido no Município de Timóteo, Minas Gerais, basicamente na população rural. Para conhecer a fauna de flebotomíneos da região, foram instaladas sete armadilhas luminosas de New Jersey na cidade, em sete diferentes bairros. As coletas foram realizadas no período de junho a outubro de 1994, dezembro de 1994 e janeiro a março de 1995, com um total de 3.240 horas por armadilha. Foram capturados 4.396 flebotomíneos, distribuídos em dois gêneros e vinte espécies: Brumptomyia cunhai, Brumptomyia nitzulescui, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, Lutzomyia quinquefer, Lutzomyia lenti, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia fischeri, Lutzomyia migonei, Lutzomyia sallesi, Lutzomyia termitophila, Lutzomyia aragaoi, Lutzomyia borgmeieri, Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia lutziana, Lutzomyia (Sciopemyia sordellii, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia pessoai, Lutzomyia (Trichopygomyia longispina, Lutzomyia misionensis, Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus davisi, Lutzomyia lanei, Lutzomyia (Pressatia sp. A espécie L. (N. whitmani foi a mais freqüente com 52,12%, seguida de L. (N. intermedia com 34,10%, e ambas podem estar participando da transmissão de leishmaniose cutânea na região.Sporadic cases of tegumentary leishmaniasis have occurred in Timóteo, Minas Gerais State, basically among the rural population. In order to study the region's sand fly population, New Jersey light traps were set in seven different neighborhoods. Specimens were gathered from June through October 1994, December 1994, and January through March 1995, with a total of 3,240 hours per trap. A total of 4,396 sand flies were captured, distributed among two genera and twenty species: Brumptomyia cunhai, Brumptomyia nitzulescui, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, Lutzomyia quinquefer, Lutzomyia lenti, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia fischeri, Lutzomyia migonei, Lutzomyia sallesi, Lutzomyia termitophila, Lutzomyia aragaoi, Lutzomyia

  15. The phlebotomine sandflies of Venezuelan Amazonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feliciangeli, M D; Ramirez Perez, J; Ramirez, A

    1988-01-01

    Phlebotomine sandflies were surveyed in two ecologically contrasted areas, the northern moist and southern wet tropical forests, of the Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela. Three new taxa and twenty-one new records were added to the previously known species list for Venezuelan sandflies, which now totals eighty species. Both sexes of Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus) killicki sp.n., L. (Trichophoryomyia) bettinii sp.n., L. (Nyssomyia) olmeca reducta subsp.n. and and the females of L. bernalei Osorno et al., Brumptomyia pintoi Costa Lima and L. begonae (Ortiz & Torres) are described and illustrated.

  16. Evaluation of light-emitting diodes as attractant for sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Francinaldo Soares; Brito, Jefferson Mesquita; Costa Neta, Benedita Maria; Lobo, Shelre Emile Pereira Duarte

    2015-09-01

    Hoover Pugedo light traps were modified for use with green and blue-light-emitting diodes to trap phlebotomine sandflies in northeastern Brazil. A total of 2,267 specimens belonging to eight genera and 15 species were sampled. The predominant species were Nyssomyia whitmani(34.41%) and Micropygomyia echinatopharynx(17.25%).The green LED trap prevailed over the blue and control lights; however, no statistically significant difference could be detected among the three light sources. Even without statistical significance, we suggest using LEDs as an attractant for the capture of sandflies because of several advantages over the conventional method with incandescent lamps.

  17. Evaluation of light-emitting diodes as attractant for sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae in northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francinaldo Soares Silva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Hoover Pugedo light traps were modified for use with green and blue-light-emitting diodes to trap phlebotomine sandflies in northeastern Brazil. A total of 2,267 specimens belonging to eight genera and 15 species were sampled. The predominant species were Nyssomyia whitmani(34.41% and Micropygomyia echinatopharynx(17.25%.The green LED trap prevailed over the blue and control lights; however, no statistically significant difference could be detected among the three light sources. Even without statistical significance, we suggest using LEDs as an attractant for the capture of sandflies because of several advantages over the conventional method with incandescent lamps.

  18. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. pp e19-e24 Online Resources. Microsatellite markers suggest high genetic diversity in an urban population of Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) · FRANCISCO MORINHA PEDRO SILVEIRA RAMOS SÓNIA GOMES ROBERT WILLIAM MANNAN HENRIQUE GUEDES-PINTO ESTELA ...

  19. Molecular diversity and genetic relationships in Secale

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Molecular diversity and genetic relationships in Secale. E. Santos, M. Matos, P. Silva, A. M. Figueiras, C. Benito and O. Pinto-Carnide. J. Genet. 95, 273–281. Table 1. RAPD and ISSR primers used in this study. Primer. 5 –3. Primer. 5 –3. RAPDs (Operon). A1. CAGGCCCTTC. C5. CATGACCGCC. A4. AATCGGGCTG. C6.

  20. determination of lipophilic extractives in ionic liquid extracts

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Chem. 9: 63-69. Freire CSR, Pinto PCR, Santiago AS,. Silvestre AJD, Evtuquin DV and Neto. CP 2006a Comparative study of lipophilic extractives of hardwoods and corresponding ECF bleached kraft pulps. BioResources. 1: 3-17. Freire CSR, Silvestre AJD and Neto CP. 2005. Lipophilic extractives in. Eucalyptus globulus.

  1. E-Learning--Engineering, On-Job Training and Interactive Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Anderson, Ed.; Pontes, Elvis, Ed.; Guelfi, Adilson, Ed.; Kofuji, Sergio Takeo, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Chapters in this book include: (1) Courseware Adaptation to Learning Styles and Knowledge Level (Boyan Bontchev and Dessislava Vassileva); (2) Assisted On-Job Training (Claudio Teixeira and Joaquim Sousa Pinto); (3) Self-Directed Learning Readiness Factors in Physicians for Implementing E-Learning in the Continuing Medical Education Programs…

  2. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    http://www.ias.ac.in/jgenet/OnlineResources/90/e34.pdf. Morinha F., Carvalho M., Ferro A., Guedes-Pinto H., Rodrigues R. and Bastos E. 2011 Molecular sexing and analysis of CHD1-Z and. CHD1-W sequence variations in wild common quail (Coturnix c. coturnix) and domesticated Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica).

  3. Colloidal interactions in two-dimensional nematic emulsions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , P PATRÍCIO2,3 and M M TELO DA GAMA1,2. 1Departamento de Fısica da Faculdade de Ciências; 2Centro de Fısica Teórica e. Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003. Lisboa Codex, Portugal.

  4. Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects: Appetite Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... some foods taste better. ● ● If food tastes like metal, eat with plastic forks or spoons. Be active. ... pinto, or red) ••Some instant breakfast drinks ••Milkshakes ••Fruit smoothies ••Whole milk ••Chicken ••Lentils or beans (such ...

  5. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Effect of swift heavy ion irradiation on surface resistance of DyBa2Cu3O7- thin films at microwave frequencies · Ujwala Ail Tamalika Banerjee A R Bhangale D Kanjilal R Pinto · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We report the observation of a pronounced peak in surface resistance at microwave frequencies of 4.88 GHz ...

  6. Supplementary data: Genetic diversity among old Portuguese bread ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Supplementary data: Genetic diversity among old Portuguese bread wheat cultivars and botanical varieties evaluated by ITS rDNA PCR-RFLP markers. A. Carvalho, H. Guedes-Pinto and J. Lima-Brito. J. Genet. 88, 363–367. Table 1. Passport data of the old Portuguese bread wheat cultivars (2n = 6x = 42;. AABBDD).

  7. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp e39-e43. Molecular sexing and analysis of CHD1-Z and CHD1-W sequence variations in wild common quail (Coturnix c. coturnix) and domesticated Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica) · Francisco Morinha Márcia Carvalho Anabela Ferro Henrique Guedes-Pinto Rogério Rodrigues Estela Bastos · More Details Fulltext ...

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE GBA mutations in Gaucher type I Venezuelan ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2016-12-09

    Dec 9, 2016 ... In: New Horizons in Neonatal Screening. (Farriaux. JP, Dhondt JL, eds). Int Congr Ser, vol. 1041, pp. 97-100. (Excerpta Med,. Amsterdam, 1994). Amaral O., Marcao A., Pinto E., Zimran A., Sa Miranda M. 1997 Distinct haplotype in non-. Ashkenazi Gaucher disease patients with N370S mutation. Blood Cells ...

  9. Effec blood cts of ja d gluco abotic ose an caba (M d chol Myrciar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    352-358. Pinto NAVD, Moreira WA, Cardoso LM, Pantoja L (2011). Jaboticaba peel for jelly preparation: an alternative technology. Ciência e. Tecnologia de Alimentos 31:864-69. Port's PdS, Chisté RC, Godoy HT, Prado MA (2013). The phenolic.

  10. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Odir A Dellagostin. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 33 Issue 3 September 2008 pp 355-363 Articles. Purification and molecular cloning of a new galactose-specific lectin from Bauhinia variegata seeds · Luciano S Pinto Celso S Nagano Taianá M Oliveira Tales R ...

  11. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 88; Issue 3. Genetic diversity among old Portuguese bread wheat cultivars and botanical varieties evaluated by ITS rDNA PCR-RFLP markers. A. Carvalho H. Guedes-Pinto J. Lima-Brito. Research Note Volume 88 Issue 3 December 2009 pp 363-367 ...

  12. Recommendations for assessing patient-reported outcomes and health-related quality of life in patients with urticaria: a GA(2) LEN taskforce position paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baiardini, I.; Braido, F.; Bindslev-Jensen, C.; Bousquet, P. J.; Brzoza, Z.; Canonica, G. W.; Compalati, E.; Fiocchi, A.; Fokkens, W.; Gerth van Wijk, R.; Giménez-Arnau, A.; Godse, K.; Grattan, C.; Grob, J. J.; La Grutta, S.; Kalogeromitros, D.; Kocatürk, E.; Lombardi, C.; Mota-Pinto, A.; Ridolo, E.; Saini, S. S.; Sanchez-Borges, M.; Senna, G. E.; Terreehorst, I.; Todo Bom, A.; Toubi, E.; Bousquet, J.; Zuberbier, T.; Maurer, M.

    2011-01-01

    To cite this article: Baiardini I, Braido F, Bindslev-Jensen C, Bousquet PJ, Brzoza Z, Canonica GW, Compalati E, Fiocchi A, Fokkens W, Gerth van Wijk R, Giménez-Arnau A, Godse K, Grattan C, Grob JJ, La Grutta S, Kalogeromitros D, Kocatürk E, Lombardi C, Mota-Pinto A, Ridolo E, Saini SS,

  13. South African Journal of Animal Science - Vol 30, No 2 (2000)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The roles of the insulin-like growth factor system and leptin as possible mediators of the effects of nutritional restriction on age at puberty and compensatory growth in dairy heifers · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. G. Luna-Pinto, P.B. Cronje, 155-163.

  14. A resource allocation model to support efficient air quality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    [32] Pallant J, 2005, SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to SPSS analysis, McGraw-Hill. Companies, Sydney. [33] Pape J, 2001, A public sector alternative: Samwu's efforts, South African Labour Bulletin, 25, pp. 45–50. [34] Pinto JK & Slevin DP, 1988, Critical success factors across the project, Project Management.

  15. Book review of "Harvestmen: The Biology of the Opiliones"

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is a review of the book Harvestmen by Pinto-da-Rocha et al (eds.), which is a wonderfully balanced and staggeringly complete treatment that covers the gauntlet of taxonomy and systematics, internal physiology, ecology, and behavior of Opiliones. In addition to the breadth of material presented ...

  16. Physical localization of NORs and ITS length variants in old ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [Carvalho A., Guedes-Pinto H. and Lima-Brito J. 2011 Physical localization of NORs and ITS length variants in old Portuguese durum wheat cultivars. J. Genet. ... With the present study, we intend to determine the physical localization and ..... Crosby A. R. 1957 Nucleolar activity of lagging chromosomes in wheat. Am. J. Bot.

  17. Incorporation of pulse flours of different particle size in relation to pita bread quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borsuk, Yulia; Arntfield, Susan; Lukow, Odean M; Swallow, Kevin; Malcolmson, Linda

    2012-08-15

    To increase pulse consumption, pita bread was fortified with pulse flours milled from green lentils, navy beans and pinto beans, which were ground to produce fine and coarse flours. Pita breads were prepared using composite flours containing pulse flours (25, 50, 75%) and wheat flour or 100% pulse flours and adjusting the amount of water required for mixing based on farinograph water absorption. Pita bread quality was evaluated according to diameter, pocket height, specific loaf volume, texture and crust colour. Blends made from pulse flours with coarse particle size showed higher rates of water absorption. All composite flours and 100% pulse flours produced pitas with pockets, confirming their suitability for this product. Crust colour of pitas was affected less by navy bean flour than by lentil flour. Pita breads made with pinto bean flour were superior in texture. Overall, navy and pinto bean flours appeared more suitable for pita bread. Flours with coarse particle sizes produced pitas with better colour and texture. Sensory parameters of pitas containing 25% coarse pinto or navy bean flour were as good as or better than those from the wheat control. Acceptable pita breads can be made using pulse flours, although the substitution level is limited to 25%. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

  18. 753-IJBCS-Article-Mr Ameen Oladouwo M

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    INTRODUCTION. Annona senegalensis. Pers. (Annonaceae) is a perennial shrub widely grown in Nigeria where it is commonly known as gwandar daaji among the Hausa speaking people and abo, ewe-aso by the. Yorubas (Pinto et al., 2005; Suleiman et al.,. 2008; Kayode et al., 2009; Orwa et al., 2009). The plant is used ...

  19. D. H. Lawrence: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilka, Mark, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Dorothy Van Ghent, Marvin Mudrick, Mark Schorer, Harry T. Moore, Julian Moynahan, Monroe Engel, Graham Hough, Mark Spilka, W. D. Snodgrass, V. de S. Pinto, Arthur E. Waterman, Richard Foster, and Raymond Williams--all…

  20. Molecular diversity and genetic relationships in Secale

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Supplementary data: Molecular diversity and genetic relationships in Secale. E. Santos, M. Matos, P. Silva, A. M. Figueiras, C. Benito and O. Pinto-Carnide. J. Genet. 95, 273–281. Table 1. RAPD and ISSR primers used in this study. Primer. 5 –3. Primer. 5 –3. RAPDs (Operon). A1. CAGGCCCTTC. C5. CATGACCGCC. A4.

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    8 mai 2014 ... Fonte D, Águas L, Alves L, Sotto-mayor C, Pinto G. Carcinoma epitelialmioepitelial da parotida. Acta Med Port. 2011; 24(S3):. 675-680. PubMed | Google Scholar. 4. Kumagai M, Suzuki H, Matsuura K, Takahashia E, et al. Epithelial_myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland. Auris. Nasus Larynx. 2003 ...

  2. CRUSER News. Issue 23, January 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    by robots. Project results include defining, evaluating and visualizing tactical missions for unmanned systems using open-source NPS simulation...Ricardo Martins, José Pinto, Laboratório de Sistemas e Tecnologias Subaquáticas, Engineering Faculty, Porto University Portugal has one of the largest

  3. RESEARCH NOTE Aniridia due to a novel microdeletion affecting ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andreas Syrimis

    Addis L., Ahn J. W., Dobson R., Dixit A., Ogilvie C. M., Pinto D. et al. 2015 Microdeletions of. ELP4 Are Associated with Language Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Mental. Retardation. Human mutation. 36(9), 842-850. Ansari M., Rainger J., Hanson I. M., Williamson K. A., Sharkey F., Harewood L. et al. 2016.

  4. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. A C Ribeiro1 P J Sebastiao1 C Cruz1. Centro de Fisica da Materia Condensada (UL), Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1699 Lisboa Cedex, Portugal IST (UTL), Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal ...

  5. Contribution of proton NMR relaxation to the investigation of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Centro de Fisica da Materia Condensada (UL), Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1699 Lisboa Cedex, Portugal. IST (UTL), Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. *Author for correspondence. Abstract. We present in this work a review concerning wide frequency range T1 proton NMR relaxation studies performed in compounds ...

  6. Chromosomal evolution and phylogenetic analyses in Tayassu ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The phylogenetic relationships among the tayassuids are unclear and have insti- gated debate over the ... [Adega F., Chaves R. and Guedes-Pinto H. 2007 Chromosomal evolution and phylogenetic analyses in Tayassu pecari and Pecari tajacu. (Tayassuidae): tales ..... Chromosome banding in Amphibia. XXV. Karyotype ...

  7. A Comparative Study of Three Different Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Techniques of Carbon Nanotube Growth on Diamond Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    C., Chhowalla, M., Milne W. Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2003;X:1. [21] Fernandes a. JS, Pinto M, Neto M a., Oliveira FJ, Silva...Yorkshire: Marcel Dekker , Inc; 2001. [26] Homma Y, Kobayashi Y, Ogino T, Takagi D, Ito R, Jung YJ, Ajayan PM. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B

  8. Sastry Pramathanath see Arapura Donu 1 Sen SK A direct heuristic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    On the generalized Hankel±Clifford transfor- mation of arbitrary order. 293. Martinez F. Differential equations related to the William±. Bjerknes tumour model. 323. Parhi N. Oscillations of first order difference equations. 147. Pinto J Sousa. Hyperfinite representation of distributions. 363. Sampling and Π-sampling expansions ...

  9. SAJS SAJS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kawasaki-like syndromes, non-hepatitis B polyarteritis nodosa ... 2, MAY 2009. 47. 216 per 100 000. The prevalence was highest in the more advanced form of the disease.10. In another clinical review of 1 600 HIV patients, Pinto found an ...... drome and acute mesenteric ischaemia caused by interferon-alpha-2b in the.

  10. As revistas científicas em foco

    OpenAIRE

    Weitzel, Simone da Rocha

    2009-01-01

    Apresenta resenha do livro Mais sobre as revistas científicas: em foco a gestão organizado pelas professoras Professoras LD e Dra. Sueli Mara Soares Pinto Ferreira (USP) e Dra. Maria das Graças Targino (UFPI) e visa a formação do editor científico.

  11. Med Lenin på byrån

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelsen omhandler Andrés Brink Pintos doktorafhandling om normer omkring klasse, genus og seksualitet i den svenske kommunistiske bevægelse 1921-1939. Afhandlingen bygger teoretisk på Foucault og Butler, mens dens empiri stammer fra den kommunistiske ugepresse....

  12. 75 FR 42324 - Pyraclostrobin; Pesticide Tolerances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ...% Pigeon pea (succulent) 5% Pink bean seed 5% Pinto bean seed 5% Pistachio 25% Plum 5% Pop corn 5% Potato... Effects Division's Science Advisory Council for Exposure. 4. Cumulative effects from substances with a..., Environmental Science Center, 701 Mapes Rd., Ft. Meade, MD 20755-5350; telephone number: (410) 305-2905; e-mail...

  13. Download the whole Issue (7Mb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Peer reviewed by Maria Pia Alberzoni, Enrico Artifoni, Sofia Boesch Gajano, Renato Bordone, Cécile Caby, Luigi Canetti, Giovanni Ceccarelli, Germana Gandino, Jochen Johrendt, Giovanni Miccoli, Giuliano Milani, Luciano Palermo, Francesco Panarelli, Beatrice Pasciuta, Giuseppe Petralia, Domenico Pezzini, Giuliano Pinto, Antonio Rigon, Mauro Ronzani, Maria Clara Rossi, Francesco Salvestrini, Ludwig Schmugge, Giacomo Todeschini, Francesco G.B. Trolese, Massimo Vallerani.

  14. Effect of Pyrodextrinization, Crosslinking and Heat- Moisture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lipids, protein, carbohydrates, soluble sugars, and ascorbic acid [1]. Therefore, starch modification is commonly ... Moisture, ash, total protein, and total fat content of the native parkia starch were carried out according to ..... black bean, chickpea, lentil, navy bean and pinto bean cultivarswn in Canada. Food Chem. 2002; 78:.

  15. resources 1..1

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    http://www.ias.ac.in/jgenet/OnlineResources/90/e34.pdf. Morinha F., Carvalho M., Ferro A., Guedes-Pinto H., Rodrigues R. and Bastos E. 2011 Molecular sexing and analysis of CHD1-Z and. CHD1-W sequence variations in wild common quail (Coturnix c. coturnix) and domesticated Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica).

  16. Tools for educational change | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-02-03

    Feb 3, 2011 ... One floor above Pinto's office is a relatively new computer lab, part of SchoolNet Mozambique, a project supported by Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) to link schools via the Internet to enhance learning opportunities for students, teachers, and the surrounding community.

  17. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 119-125 Research Article. Chromosomal organization of simple sequence repeats in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas): (GGAT)4, (GT)7 and (TA)10 chromosome patterns · K. Bouilly R. Chaves A. Leitão A. Benabdelmouna H. Guedes-Pinto · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Chromosome identification is essential ...

  18. Helmintos parasitos de peixes das usinas hidreléticas da Eletrosul (Brasil. II: Reservatórios de Salto Osório e de Salto Santiago, Bacia do Rio Iguaçu Helminth parasites of fishes from the hydroelectric power station of Eletrosul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kohn

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available Na Usina Hidrelátrica Salto Osório foram examinados 88 peixes, dos quais 24 (27,3% encontravam-se parasitados por oito espécies de nematóides: Capillaria sp., formas imaturas de Contracoecum sp., Procamallanus peraccuratus Pinto et al., 1976, Procamallanus petterae Kohn & Fernandes, 1988, Raphidascaris sp., Spirocamallanus intermedius Pinto et al., 1974, Spirocamallanus pintoi Kohn & Fernandes, 1988 e Spirocamallanus sp., além de uma forma imatura de cestóide. Na Usina Hidrelétrica de Salto Santiago, dos 83 peixes examinados, 32 (38,5% apresentaram-se parasitados por três espécies de nematóides: Contracoecum sp. (forma larvar, Procamallanus peraccuratus e Raphydascaris sp., e uma especie de cestóide (forma larvar.Eight species of nematodes and one larval cestode were recovered from 88 specimens of 12 species of fishes captured in the reservoir of "Salto Osório". Capillaria sp., Contracoecum sp., (larval forms, Procamallanus peraccuratus pinto et al., 1976, Procamallanus petterae Kohn & Fernandes, 1988, Raphidascaris sp., Spirocamallanus intermedius Pinto et al., 1974 and Spirocamallanus pintoi Kohn & Fernandes, 1988. From 83 specimens of 12 species of fishes from the reservoir of "Salto Santiago", only one species of cestode and three species of nematodes were recovered: Contracoecum sp. (larval forms, procamallanus peraccuratus and Raphidascaris sp. Pimelodus ortmanni is a new host record for P. peraccurants and S. intermedius.

  19. Design of a healthy living environment for older adults with low vision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ir. Joost van Hoof; M.M. Sinoo; F. van Dijken; Dr. H.S.M. Kort

    2006-01-01

    HB2006 : proceedings of the 8th international conference healthy buildings. Oliveira Fernandez, E. de; Gameiro da Silva, M.; Rosada Pinto, J. (red). ISBN 989-95067-1-0 2006 4-8 juni, Lissabon, Portugal, volume III, p. 279-282

  20. Sequential injection spectrophotometric determination of V(V) in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sequential injection spectrophotometric determination of V(V) in environmental polluted waters. ES Silva, PCAG Pinto, JLFC Lima, MLMFS Saraiva. Abstract. A fast and robust sequential injection analysis (SIA) methodology for routine determination of V(V) in environmental polluted waters is presented. The determination ...

  1. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Size effect study in magnetoelectric BiFeO3 system. Shwetha Shetty V R Palkar R Pinto. Colossal Magnetoresistance & Other Materials Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 1027-1030 ...

  2. Map of Portuguese 'Reconquista'; Map of Danish conquest in the Baltic; Map of the maritime routes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Johnny Grandjean Gøgsig

    2016-01-01

    Tre kort til artikel "Military orders between territorialization and periphery from the 12th to the 16th century" af Paula Pinto Costa, Luís Adão da Fonseca, Kurt Villads Jensen & Cristina Pimenta, udgivet i 'Scandinavian Journal of History' 41:2 (Routledge, 2016), s. 141-159 (fig. 1-3, s. 145-147)....

  3. Contribution of proton NMR relaxation to the investigation of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. A C Ribeiro1 P J Sebastiao1 C Cruz1. Centro de Fisica da Materia Condensada (UL), Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1699 Lisboa Cedex, Portugal IST (UTL), Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal ...

  4. Intergenic spacer length variants in Old Portuguese bread wheat ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ana Carvalho1 Henrique Guedes-Pinto1 José Lima-Brito1. Institute of Biotechnology and Bioengineering (IBB), Centre of Genomics and Biotechnology (CGB), University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), P.O. Box 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal ...

  5. Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and diesel oil blends | Mariano ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aerobic biodegradation of butanol and diesel oil blends. Adriano Pinto Mariano, Richard Clayton Tomasella, Clara Di Martino, Eduardo Beraldo Morais, Rubens Maciel Filho, Mirna Helena Regali Seleghim, Jonas Contiero, Sâmia Maria Tauk Tornisielo, Dejanira de Franceschi de Angelis ...

  6. A critical evaluation of the operational application of various ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of these areas (e.g. for Brazil, Pinto da Cunha, 2004: 198). Administrative boundaries are commonly used .... Brazil that consists of eight typologies forming a scale of decreasing. 'urbanness'. These classes include .... migration streams and resource flows between urban and rural areas (Cross,. 2006: 209; Wentzel, Viljoen ...

  7. Nutritional Ways, Means and Myths: Air War College Class 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    Combination Burrito Enchirito Pintos ’n Cheese Taco Tostado Beverages Coffee Tea Brange Buice Chocolate Milk Skim Milk Whole Milk Coca - Cola ...Decaffeinated 5 Tea: 5 min. brew 45 1 min. breui 30 Cocoa 15 15 Severarie mg./12 oz. can Ccjke Pepsi Sweet chocalatE bar (1 az.) can of coke for

  8. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jefferson Rocha A. Silva, Claudia M. Rezende, Angelo C. Pinto, Ana Claudia F. Amaral. Vol 6, No 11 (2007), Cytotoxicity and antimicrobial studies of 1,6,8- trihydroxy-3-methyl-anthraquinone (emodin) isolated from the leaves of Cassia nigricans Vahl, Abstract PDF. RG Ayo, JO Amupitan, Y Zhao. Vol 9, No 5 (2010) ...

  9. Masculinities in Dialogue: A Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knights, Ben

    2011-01-01

    This response to the articles by Diana Wallace and Samantha Pinto seeks to locate the negotiation of gendered identities in the classroom within the larger study of the dialogic relations between texts, teachers, and students. Teaching, it proposes, is not a second-order derivative of scholarship, but a cultural form in its own right. The article…

  10. Mouse cytokine profile skewed towards Th2 in pregnancy during ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    responses in pregnancy (Moraes- Pinto et al., 1998). By examining the cytokine profile in pregnancy, the objective of this study was to establish if ..... Terrestrial Manual 624-659. Paludan, S.R. (1998) Interleukin 4 and Interferon γ: The essence of a mutually antagonistic relationship. Scandnavian Journal of Immunology 48, ...

  11. The Effects of Student Narration in College Engineering Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    statistics/seind00/ (Accessed Jan 2015) 2000. 4. Watkins , K., and Marsick, V. Sculpting the Learning Organization: Lessons in the Art and Science of...v5, n3, July, 2002. 13. Coley, J., DePinto, T., Craig , S., and Gardner, R. “From College to Classroom: Three Teachers’ Accounts of Their

  12. Species-specific ecological niche modelling predicts different range contractions for Lutzomyia intermedia and a related vector of Leishmania braziliensis following climate change in South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Shannon; Rangel, Elizabeth F; Ready, Paul D; Carvalho, Bruno M

    2017-03-24

    Before 1996 the phlebotomine sand fly Lutzomyia neivai was usually treated as a synonym of the morphologically similar Lutzomyia intermedia, which has long been considered a vector of Leishmania braziliensis, the causative agent of much cutaneous leishmaniasis in South America. This report investigates the likely range changes of both sand fly species in response to a stabilisation climate change scenario (RCP4.5) and a high greenhouse gas emissions one (RCP8.5). Ecological niche modelling was used to identify areas of South America with climates currently suitable for each species, and then the future distributions of these climates were predicted based on climate change scenarios. Compared with the previous ecological niche model of L. intermedia (sensu lato) produced using the GARP algorithm in 2003, the current investigation modelled the two species separately, making use of verified presence records and additional records after 2001. Also, the new ensemble approach employed ecological niche modelling algorithms (including Maximum Entropy, Random Forests and Support Vector Machines) that have been widely adopted since 2003 and perform better than GARP, as well as using a more recent climate change model (HadGEM2) considered to have better performance at higher resolution than the earlier one (HadCM2). Lutzomyia intermedia was shown to be the more tropical of the two species, with its climatic niche defined by higher annual mean temperatures and lower temperature seasonality, in contrast to the more subtropical L. neivai. These different latitudinal ranges explain the two species' predicted responses to climate change by 2050, with L. intermedia mostly contracting its range (except perhaps in northeast Brazil) and L. neivai mostly shifting its range southwards in Brazil and Argentina. This contradicts the findings of the 2003 report, which predicted more range expansion. The different findings can be explained by the improved data sets and modelling methods. Our

  13. Sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae) from forest areas in Botucatu municipality, central western São Paulo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutolo, André Antonio; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Von Zuben, Claudio José

    2013-06-13

    The study of the distribution and ecology of sandfly species is essential for epidemiological surveillance and estimation of the transmission risk of Leishmania spp. infection. In the present study, sandflies were captured in native fragmented forest areas in Rubião Júnior district, Botucatu municipality, São Paulo state, Brazil, between September 2001 and January 2005. A minimum of two automatic light traps were installed per night from 6 pm to 8 am, in different months, resulting in approximately 900 collecting hours. During this period, 216 sandfly specimens of sixteen species were captured. Pintomyia monticola and Brumptomyia guimaraesi were the most abundant with 56 specimens (25.93%) captured per species, followed by Pintomyia fischeri 28 (12.96%) and Psathyromyia pascalei 18 (8.33%). Other captured species were Lutzomyia amarali, Sciopemyia sordellii, Psathyromyia aragaoi, Nyssomyia whitmani, Migonemyia migonei, Pintomyia bianchigalatiae, Pintomyia misionensis, Brumptomyia carvalheiroi, Brumptomyia cardosoi, Brumptomyia cunhai, Brumptomyia nitzulescui, Brumptomyia brumpti and Brumptomyia spp. represented by 58 (26.85%) specimens. Although less frequently found, the presence of Pintomyia fischeri, Nyssomyia whitmani and Migonemyia migonei, known vectors of Leishmania braziliensis, indicates risk of American cutaneous leishmaniasis occurrence. Moreover, the absence of Lutzomyia longipalpis-the main vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi, which is the agent of American visceral leishmaniasis-suggests that there is no risk of introduction and establishment of this disease in the studied area.

  14. Ecological aspects of phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from a cave of the speleological province of Bambuí, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Gustavo Mayr de Lima; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Ramos, Mariana Campos das Neves Farah; Serra e Meira, Paula Cavalcante Lamy; Zenóbio, Ana Paula Lusardo de Almeida; Botelho, Helbert Antônio; Sanguinette, Cristiani de Castilho; Saraiva, Lara; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando

    2013-01-01

    Phlebotomines are invertebrate hosts of Leishmania genus species which are etiological agents of leishmaniases in humans and other mammals. Sandflies are often collected in entomological studies of caves both in the inner area and the adjacent environments. Caves are ecotypes clearly different from the external environment. Several caves have been opened to public visitation before any studies were performed and the places do not have scientific monitoring of the fauna, flora, geological and geographical characteristics. These events can lead to the loss of geological and biological information. Considering these aspects, this study aimed to describe the sand fly fauna, including the ecological features, in a limestone cave at the Speleological Province of Bambuí (Minas Gerais State, Brazil). A total of 8,354 specimens of sandflies belonging to 29 species were analyzed: Lutzomyia cavernicola (20%), Nyssomyia intermedia (15%), Martinsmyia oliveirai (13%), Evandromyia spelunca (12%), Evandromyia sallesi (11%), Migonemyia migonei (9%), Nyssomyia whitmani (9%), Sciopemyia sordellii (4%) and Lutzomyia longipalpis (2%). The others species represent 5% of the total. This manuscript presents data found on richness, diversity, evenness and seasonality, comparing the sand fly fauna trapped in the cave and its surroundings.

  15. Phlebotomine sandflies fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) at rural settlements in the municipality of Cáceres, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Graziella Borges; Oshiro, Elisa Teruya; Leite, Marcio da Cruz; Melão, Aline Vidor; Ribeiro, Letícia Moraes; Mateus, Nathália Lopes Fontoura; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; de Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez

    2012-01-01

    Leishmaniasis is expanding across Brazil, including the State of Mato Grosso (MT). The aim of this study was to characterize the phlebotomine sandfly fauna at threerural settlements located in the municipality of Cáceres, MT, from August 2010 to July 2011. Sandfly captures were conducted at the forest border and in intra and peridomicile areas with automatic light traps, biweekly, from 5pm to 6am. Of the 630 sandflies collected, 348 were female, and 282 were male. Captured specimens were distributed across 11 genera - Brumptomyia, Evandromyia, Expapillata, Lutzomyia, Martinsmyia, Micropygomyia, Nyssomyia, Pintomyia, Psathyromyia, Psychodopygus, and Sciopemyia - and 28 species. Among these, six species had not been marked yet in MT (Brumptomyia avellari, Br. mangabeirai, Evandromyia aldafalcaoae, Micropygomyia echinatopharynx, Micropygomyia peresi, and Pa. campograndensis). Nyssomyia whitmani was the most abundant species across ecotopes at all settlements. Interestingly, Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia cruzi were found in sympatry. The disorganized occupation of the environment that is happening at the rural settlements of Mata Comprida, Laranjeira I and II could provide opportunities for the domiciliation of wild populations of phlebotomine, including vectors of leishmaniasis. Therefore, more studies are needed to understand the epidemiology of the disease in these areas and its impact on the human population.

  16. Impacto de alterações ambientais na ecologia de flebotomíneos no sul do Brasil Impact of environmental changes on sand fly ecology in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ueslei Teodoro

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Verificou-se que a abertura de uma clareira ao redor de um galinheiro e aplicações periódicas de inseticidas refletiram na ecologia das espécies de flebotomíneos na Fazenda Palmital, município de Terra Boa, Estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil. A espécie dominante (51,6% antes do desmatamento e das aplicações de inseticidas era Lutzomyia migonei (França, 1920. Após estas medidas, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939 passou a predominar (89,8%. A diferença de proporções de L. whitmani nesta investigação (89,8 % em relação à outra (32,6%, realizada antes da abertura da clareira e das aplicações de inseticidas, foi altamente significativa.Tree felling around a chicken coop and periodic insecticide spraying at the Palmital farm in the county of Terra Boa in southern Brazil impacted the ecology of sand fly species. The most prevalent species (51.6% before clearing the trees and insecticide spraying was Lutzomyia migonei (França, 1920, and it is now Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939 (89.8%. There was a highly significant difference between the proportions of L. whitmani reported by this paper (89.8% and another publication before the tree felling and insecticide spraying (32.6%.

  17. Ecological aspects of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) in endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis, Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Fernandes, Carlos Eurico; Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha

    2012-01-01

    Aspects of phlebotomine behavior were investigated in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul state. The insects were captured weekly during December 2003 to November 2005, with Centers for Disease Control light traps at seven different sites including forests and residential areas. In total, 11,024 specimens (7,805 males and 3,219 females) were collected, from which 9,963 (90.38%) were identified as Lutzomyia longipalpis, the proven vector of American visceral leishmaniasis agent. The remaining 9.62% comprised 21 species. L. longipalpis was the most frequent species in all sampled sites, and the first in the ranking of standardized species abundance index. In residential areas this species clearly predominated in the peridomicile (90.96%), in contrast to the intradomicile (9.04%); in animal shelters, it was more numerous in hen houses and prevailed at ground level, inside, and at forest edge around the residences; this aspect is worrying because this insect may remain sheltered in forested environments during the use of insecticides in homes. In the forest environment, other probable or proven vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis agents were also captured such as Lutzomyia whitmani (=Nyssomyia whitmani, sensu Galati), Lutzomyia antunesi (=Nyssomyia antunesi, sensu Galati), and Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (=Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, sensu Galati).

  18. Ecological Aspects of Phlebotomine Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from a Cave of the Speleological Province of Bambuí, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Gustavo Mayr de Lima; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Ramos, Mariana Campos das Neves Farah; Serra e Meira, Paula Cavalcante Lamy; Zenóbio, Ana Paula Lusardo de Almeida; Botelho, Helbert Antônio; Sanguinette, Cristiani de Castilho; Saraiva, Lara; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando

    2013-01-01

    Phlebotomines are invertebrate hosts of Leishmania genus species which are etiological agents of leishmaniases in humans and other mammals. Sandflies are often collected in entomological studies of caves both in the inner area and the adjacent environments. Caves are ecotypes clearly different from the external environment. Several caves have been opened to public visitation before any studies were performed and the places do not have scientific monitoring of the fauna, flora, geological and geographical characteristics. These events can lead to the loss of geological and biological information. Considering these aspects, this study aimed to describe the sand fly fauna, including the ecological features, in a limestone cave at the Speleological Province of Bambuí (Minas Gerais State, Brazil). A total of 8,354 specimens of sandflies belonging to 29 species were analyzed: Lutzomyia cavernicola (20%), Nyssomyia intermedia (15%), Martinsmyia oliveirai (13%), Evandromyia spelunca (12%), Evandromyia sallesi (11%), Migonemyia migonei (9%), Nyssomyia whitmani (9%), Sciopemyia sordellii (4%) and Lutzomyia longipalpis (2%). The others species represent 5% of the total. This manuscript presents data found on richness, diversity, evenness and seasonality, comparing the sand fly fauna trapped in the cave and its surroundings. PMID:24130847

  19. Molecular Identification of Leishmania spp. in Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) From Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroga, Cristina; Cevallos, Varsovia; Morales, Diego; Baldeón, Manuel E; Cárdenas, Paúl; Rojas-Silva, Patricio; Ponce, Patricio

    2017-11-07

    The detection and identification of natural infections in sand flies by Leishmania protozoan species in endemic areas is a key factor in assessing the risk of leishmaniasis and in designing prevention and control measures for this infectious disease. In this study, we analyzed the Leishmania DNA using nuclear ribosomal internal transcript spacer (ITS) sequences. Parasite DNA was extracted from naturally infected, blood-fed sand flies collected in nine localities considered leishmaniasis-endemic foci in Ecuador.The species of parasites identified in sand flies were Leishmania major-like, Leishmania naiffi, Leishmania mexicana, Leishmania lainsoni, and "Leishmania sp. siamensis". Sand fly specimens of Brumptomyia leopoldoi, Mycropigomyia cayennensis, Nyssomyia yuilli yuilli, Nyssomyia trapidoi, Pressatia triacantha, Pressatia dysponeta, Psychodopygus carrerai carrerai, Psychodopygus panamensis, and Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis were found positive for Leishmania parasite. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the epidemiology and transmission dynamics of the disease in high-risk areas of Ecuador. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.

  20. Sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae), vectors of Leishmania protozoa, at an Atlantic Forest Conservation Unit in the municipality of Nísia Floresta, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinheiro, Marcos Paulo Gomes; Silva, Marcel Miranda de Medeiros; Silva Júnior, João Batista; da Silva, José Hilário Tavares; Alves, Maria de Lima; Ximenes, Maria de Fátima Freire de Melo

    2016-02-11

    Sand flies are insect vectors of protozoa from the genus Leishmania, causative parasites of visceral and American tegumentary leishmaniases. The present study discusses the bioecological aspects of sand fly species, transmitters of Leishmania protozoa, in different ecotopes of an Atlantic Forest Conservation Unit located in the metropolitan region of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. Two monthly captures were made in 1 year, using CDC light traps, in two anthropized and two preserved environments. A total of 2936 sand flies belonging to the following ten species were captured: Evandromyia walkeri, Evandromyia evandroi, Psychodopygus wellcomei, Sciopemyia sordellii, Psathyromyia brasiliensis, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Evandromyia lenti, Psathyromyia shannoni, Nyssomyia whitmani and Nyssomyia intermedia. The most common species was E. walkeri (77.6%), followed by E. evandroi (17.5%). Forest was the site with the greatest abundance (32.4%), followed by bamboo grove (26.3%). Sand flies were generally more abundant in the rainy season and L. longipalpis, a vector species of Leishmania infantum, was adapted to anthropized environments. It was confirmed that P. wellcomei, a vector of Leishmania braziliensis in Amazônia, is a species associated with more preserved environments, and occurs only in the rainy season.

  1. The phlebotomine fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae of Guaraí, state of Tocantins, with an emphasis on the putative vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in rural settlement and periurban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Luiz Vilela

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Phlebotomine sandflies were captured in rural settlement and periurban areas of the municipality of Guaraí in the state of Tocantins (TO, an endemic area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL. Forty-three phlebotomine species were identified, nine of which have already been recognised as ACL vectors. Eleven species were recorded for the first time in TO. Nyssomyia whitmani was the most abundant species, followed by Evandromyia bourrouli, Nyssomyia antunesi and Psychodopygus complexus. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index and the evenness index were higher in the rural settlement area than in the periurban area. The evaluation of different ecotopes within the rural area showed the highest frequencies of Ev. bourrouli and Ny. antunesi in chicken coops, whereas Ny. whitmani predominated in this ecotope in the periurban area. In the rural settlement area, Ev. bourrouli was the most frequently captured species in automatic light traps and Ps. complexus was the most prevalent in Shannon trap captures. The rural settlement environment exhibited greater phlebotomine biodiversity than the periurban area. Ps. complexus and Psychodopygus ayrozai naturally infected with Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis were identified. The data identified Ny. whitmani as a potential ACL vector in the periurban area, whereas Ps. complexus was more prevalent in the rural environment associated with settlements.

  2. Alimentación y defecación en triatominos del género Rhodnius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae alimentados con sangre humana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Aldana

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió el comportamiento alimenticio y de defecación de Rhodnius prolixus Stal, 1859, R. robustus Larrousse, 1927, R. neivai Lent, 1953 y R. pictipes Stal, 1872 alimentados artificialmente con sangre humana en condiciones de laboratorio. La ninfa I de todas las especies no defecaron en la primera media hora después de haber iniciado la ingesta. R. pictipes no se acercó a picar en el alimentador artificial aunque si lo hizo cuando el alimento se ofreció directamente sobre el cuerpo humano. Las ninfas y adultos de R. prolixus mostraron índices de defecación (ID superiores a los correspondientes de las otras especies, y la ninfa III presentó el mayor ID=1.62. La mayoría de individuos de todos los estadíos de desarrollo aceptaron el alimento en un tiempo entre 0 y 3 min y se alimentaron en menos de 15 minutos.Feeding and defecaction behavior of Rhodnius prolixus Stal, 1859, R. robustus Larrousse, 1927, R. neivai Lent, 1953 and R. pictipes Stal, 1872, artificially fed on human blood, were studied under laboratory conditions. In all species, first instar nymphs did not defecate in the first 30 minutes after feeding. R. pictipes did not accept artificial feeding but fed directly on humans. Nymph and adult R. prolixus had a higher defecation index (DI than other species; third instar nymphs had the highest DI=1.62. In all instars, most individuals accepted the food in £ 3 minutes and finished feeding in less than 15 minutes.

  3. Geologic map of the Valley Mountain 15’ quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Keith A.; Bacheller, John; Fitzgibbon, Todd T.; Powell, Robert E.; Allen, Charlotte M.

    2013-01-01

    The Valley Mountain 15’ quadrangle straddles the Pinto Mountain Fault, which bounds the eastern Transverse Ranges in the south against the Mojave Desert province in the north. The Pinto Mountains, part of the eastern Transverse Ranges in the south part of the quadrangle expose a series of Paleoproterozoic gneisses and granite and the Proterozoic quartzite of Pinto Mountain. Early Triassic quartz monzonite intruded the gneisses and was ductiley deformed prior to voluminous Jurassic intrusion of diorite, granodiorite, quartz monzonite, and granite plutons. The Jurassic rocks include part of the Bullion Mountains Intrusive Suite, which crops out prominently at Valley Mountain and in the Bullion Mountains, as well as in the Pinto Mountains. Jurassic plutons in the southwest part of the quadrangle are deeply denuded from midcrustal emplacement levels in contrast to supracrustal Jurassic limestone and volcanic rocks exposed in the northeast. Dikes inferred to be part of the Jurassic Independence Dike Swarm intrude the Jurassic plutons and Proterozoic rocks. Late Cretaceous intrusion of the Cadiz Valley Batholith in the northeast caused contact metamorphism of adjacent Jurassic plutonic rocks. The Tertiary period saw emplacement of basanitoid basalt at about 23 Ma and deposition of Miocene and (or) Pliocene ridge-capping gravels. An undated east-dipping low-angle normal fault zone in the Pinto Mountains drops hanging-wall rocks eastward and may account for part of the contrast in uplift history across the quadrangle. The eastern Transverse Ranges are commonly interpreted as severely rotated clockwise tectonically in the Neogene relative to the Mojave Desert, but similar orientations of Jurassic dike swarms suggest that any differential rotation between the two provinces is small in this quadrangle. The late Cenozoic Pinto Mountain Fault and other strike-slip faults cut Quaternary deposits in the quadrangle, with two northwest-striking faults cutting Holocene deposits

  4. Active optical sensor assessment of spider mite damage on greenhouse beans and cotton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Daniel E; Latheef, Mohamed A

    2018-02-01

    The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, is an important pest of cotton in mid-southern USA and causes yield reduction and deprivation in fiber fitness. Cotton and pinto beans grown in the greenhouse were infested with spider mites at the three-leaf and trifoliate stages, respectively. Spider mite damage on cotton and bean canopies expressed as normalized difference vegetation index indicative of changes in plant health was measured for 27 consecutive days. Plant health decreased incrementally for cotton until day 21 when complete destruction occurred. Thereafter, regrowth reversed decline in plant health. On spider mite treated beans, plant vigor plateaued until day 11 when plant health declined incrementally. Results indicate that pinto beans were better suited as a host plant than cotton for rearing T. urticae in the laboratory.

  5. La lectura digital en las bibliotecas públicas: promoción y gestión del cambio [Ressenya

    OpenAIRE

    Planelles Riera, Enriqueta

    2015-01-01

    Book Review: La lectura digital en las bibliotecas públicas: promoción y gestión del cambio. María Pinto, Francisco Javier García Marco, Ramón Alberto Manso Rodríguez. Buenos Aires: Alfagrama, 2014. ISBN 978-987-1305-79-7 Reseña del libro: La lectura digital en las bibliotecas públicas: promoción y gestión del cambio. María Pinto, Francisco Javier García Marco, Ramón Alberto Manso Rodríguez. Buenos Aires: Alfagrama, 2014. ISBN 978-987-1305-79-7

  6. Nulla se non un desiderio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arrigo Stara

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This short text – a reply to Raffaele Pinto's paper - proposes to reflection on the universality of the concept of desire in relation to literature, starting with the Aristotelian theme of 'orexis' – understood as a link between body and soul – to arrive to the Freudian concepts of Eros and Thanatos. This doubleness, considered constituting human desire, only in literary works can find a possible reconciliation.

  7. A Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin Showed a Regenerative Potential in Intrabony Defects and Furcation Defects but Not in Periodontal Plastic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natto, Zuhair S; Green, Martyn S

    2017-12-01

    Regenerative potential of leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin. Part A: intra-bony defects, furcation defects and periodontal plastic surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Castro AB, Meschi N, Temmerman A, Pinto N, Lambrechts P, Teughels W, Quirynen M. J Clin Periodontol 2017; 44(1):67-82. Self-funded by the authors and their institution TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Environmental Toxicology (7th) 13, 14 and 15 October 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-04-01

    level of the agents involved. The recent findings by Sugimura et al. (1977) of certain complex heterocyclic aromatic amines after pyrolysis of proteins...or intercostal necrosis. The necrotic tissue may be white, yellowish-brown, brown, red or nearly black in color. Frequently leaves of almond, tomato ...Lamb’s quarter Sugar maple Pinto bean Mignonette Sunflower Scotia bean Myrtle Sweet gun Squash Oxalis Tobacco Tomato Pepper Tree-of-heaven Pigweek Tulip

  9. Carta al Editor. Breves de la Academia

    OpenAIRE

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1991-01-01

    Bogotá, D.E. Noviembre de 1990

    Señores –
    Revista Medicina
    Atn: Dr. Mario Camacho Pinto
    Ciudad

    Respetados señores:

  10. Drive for thinness as a women's strategy to avoid inferiority

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, C.; Pinto-Gouveia, J.; Duarte, C.

    2013-01-01

    Ferreira, C., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Duarte, C. (2013). Drive for thinness as a women's strategy to avoid inferiority. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 13(1), 15-29. http://www.ijpsy.com/volumen13/num1/344.html The emphasis on the need to achieve and be successful, and the contextual competitive dynamics in Western societies, may explain the increase of distinct forms of psychopathology. This study examined sex differences relative to the expression and conseque...

  11. A Questão Religiosa no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Leonidas Brito

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Texto original do professor José Oiticica em resposta ao inquérito de Pinto Quartim. Publicado pelos organizadores Rogério Castro e Leonardo Brito, na ocasião do centenário (1916-2016 do ingresso de José Oiticica para o quadro de docentes do Colégio Pedro II. Submissão original para a Revista Espaço Acadêmico.

  12. Self-injection length in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3–YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7- ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Self-injection length in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3–YBa2Cu3O7- ferromagnet–superconductor multilayer thin films. S P Pai S Wanchoo S C Purandare T Banerjee P R Apte A M Narsale R Pinto. Thin file & devices Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 1147-1151 ...

  13. Magneto-transport properties of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/ SrTiO3/La0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Magneto-transport properties of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/. SrTiO3/La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 tunnel junction. P RAYCHAUDHURI1,∗. , C MITRA2, K DORR2, K H MULLER2,. G KOBERNIK2 and R PINTO3. 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. 2Institut fur Festkorper und Wekstofforschung, ...

  14. Determination of the protein quality of cooked Canadian pulses

    OpenAIRE

    Nosworthy, Matthew G.; Neufeld, Jason; Frohlich, Peter; Young, Gina; Malcolmson, Linda; House, James D.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract A study to determine the protein digestibility?corrected amino acid score and protein efficiency ratio of nine different cooked Canadian pulse classes was conducted in support of the establishment of protein quality claims in Canada and the United States. Split green and yellow pea, whole green lentil, split red lentil, Kabuli chickpea, navy bean, pinto bean, light red kidney bean, and black bean were investigated. Protein digestibility?corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) and the pro...

  15. Molybdenum and copper in four varieties of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): new data of potential utility in designing healthy diet for diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojeda, Armando Gómez; Wrobel, Kazimierz; Escobosa, Alma Rosa Corrales; Elguera, Julio César Torres; Garay-Sevilla, Ma Eugenia; Wrobel, Katarzyna

    2015-02-01

    Experimental evidence indicates that diabetic patients and individuals with impaired copper homeostasis could be at risk of molybdenum toxicity. A self-administered food frequency questionnaire revealed that in central Mexico, diabetic patients with severe complications tend to consume beans more often than individuals with less advanced disease. Four varieties of Phaseolus vulgaris were comparatively evaluated as the dietary sources of two elements; the results showed molybdenum concentration decreasing in the order peruvian > pinto > mayflower > black, whereas for copper, the order was peruvian > pinto ∼ black > mayflower. The two elements were determined in pre-soaking water, cooked legumes, and broth obtained in cooking procedure; an in vitro gut model was also applied to assess potentially bioavailable fraction of both elements in cooked beans. The results indicated that the black variety would be the healthiest bean choice for diabetic patients and individuals susceptible to Mo toxicity. Relatively low total molybdenum was found in this variety (2.9 ± 1.4 versus 4.3-10.9 μg g(-1) in other types), element availability was also low (15 % in supernatant from enzymolysis, 24.9 % in combined broth + supernatant fractions), and the molar ratio of Cu/Mo was the highest among four types (41, versus Cu/Mo <10 in peruvian, pinto, or mayflower). Considering peruvian and pinto beans, broth elimination would help to lower molybdenum intake with marginal effect on Cu/Mo molar ratio. This recommendation would be especially important for peruvian variety, which provided 1090, 803, and 197 μg day(-1) of molybdenum in raw grains, broth + supernatant, and supernatant, respectively (based on 100-g portion), exceeding the recommended daily allowance of 45 μg day(-1).

  16. Educating reflective practitioners in large classrooms

    OpenAIRE

    Geraldi, Joana; Thuesen, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Projects abound in society, and turned from an ‘accidental profession’ to an attractive career path (Pinto & Kharbanda, 1995). In this line, engineers and engineering students are increasingly recognizing the criticality of project management to their own profession. The consequence is that we need to educate an increasing number of students in project management. At the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) - one of the leading engineering universities in Scandinavia - the number of stud...

  17. Internet, direito autor e acesso reservado

    OpenAIRE

    PEREIRA, Alexandre Libório Dias

    1999-01-01

    Actas do Colóquio organizado pelo IJC em 23 e 24 de Abril de 1998. Coordenação Prof. Doutor António Pinto Monteiro, Instituto Jurídico da Comunicação, Faculdade de Direito, Universidade de Coimbra. A adaptação dos direitos de autor aos desafios da Internet: do direito de copiar ao direito de acesso?

  18. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nayak J, Girish K S, Babu M and Kalluraya B 2009. Indian J. Heterocycl. Chem. 19(2) 105. 7. Da-Silva J F M, Garden S J and Pinto A C 2001 J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 12 273. 8. Shmidt M S, Reverdito A M, Kremenchuzky L, Perillo. I A and Blanco M M 2008 Molecules 13 831. 9. Joshi K C, Jain R, Dandia A and Sharma V 1986 J.

  19. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    de Luna Souto, Antônio Gustavo · de Lurdes Mendes, M · de Lyra, Maria do Carmo Catanho Pereira · de Matos, HJ · de Matos, Maria Helena Tavares · de Matos Alves Pinto, L · de Matos Pereira, Lívia · de Mattos, DMM · de Mattos, Marcos C. de Medeiros, Damiana Cleuma · de Medeiros, Damiana Cleuma · de Medeiros, EV

  20. Magneto-transport properties of La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3/SrTiO 3/La 0.7 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    transport properties of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/SrTiO3/La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 tunnel junction. P Raychaudhuri C Mitra K Dorr K H Muller G Kobernik R Pinto. Thin file & devices Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 1179-1182 ...

  1. [Reseñas Bibliográficas] Atlas de la flora vascular silvestre de Burgos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Aizpuru

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Es una reseña bibliográfica de la obra, Atlas de la flora vascular silvestre de Burgos / Alejandre Sáenz, J.M. García-López, L. Marín Padellano, G. Mateo Sanz, E. Miguélez del coso, C. Molina Martín, G. Montamarta Prieto, S. Patino Sánchez, M.A. Pinto Cebrián 6 J. Valencia Janices.

  2. Effect of swift heavy ion irradiation on surface resistance of DyBa 2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Effect of swift heavy ion irradiation on surface resistance of DyBa2Cu3O7- thin films at microwave frequencies. Ujwala Ail Tamalika Banerjee A R Bhangale D Kanjilal R Pinto. Physics of Vortex State Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 959-963 ...

  3. Argyritarsis Section of the Subgenus Nyssorhynchus of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae). Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Dipteros. In Gay, C. Historia fisica y politica de Chile. Zoologia 7:327-468. Blanchard, R. 1902. Nouvelle note sur les moustiques. C. R. Soc. Biol...subespecies, basada en los caracteres de las hembras adultas. Ciencia (Mexico City) 6:69-77. Penido, H. M., N. Azevedo, D. Bustarff Pinto, F. Be" erra...1940b. Clave para identificar las larvas de Anopheles mexicanos. Ciencia (Mexico City) 1:66-68. 1941. Nota sobre los huevecillos do Anopheles mexicanos

  4. Multifunctional Nanofibers Comprised of Conducting and Ferroelectric Polymer Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-04

    poly(3-hexylthiophene) polymer – (PVDF-TrFE/ P3HT ) were prepared for the first time in air at room temperature using the electrospinning technique...trifluoroethylene)/ poly (3- hexylthiophene) (PVDF-TrFE/ P3HT ) nanofibers via electrospinning , W. Serrano, N.J. Pinto, National Conference on...TrFE); poly(3-hexylthiophene) ( P3HT ); poly(3,4-ethylenedioxthiophene) doped with poly-styrene sulfonic acid (PEDOT-PSSA); and (poly[N,N?-bis(2

  5. A concepção biocêntrica e sua viabilidade na doutrina da igreja católica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo de Souza Pinto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available SOUZA PINTO. L. E. A concepção biocêntrica e sua viabilidade na doutrina da igreja católica. Dissertação (Mestrado 2013. 94f - Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte. Palavras-chave: Antropocentrismo. Biocentrismo. Catecismo da Igreja Católica. 

  6. 2008-IJBCS-Article Kalpy Julien Coulybaly

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    les revêtements de façade en France et recherché des facteurs favorisant leur implantation. PhD Thèse, Muséum. National d'Histoire Naturelle, p 192. Bittencourt-Oliveira MC, Oliveira MC and. Pinto E. 2011. Diversity of microcystin- producing genotypes in Brazilian strains of Microcystis (Cyanobacteria). Braz. J. Biol., 71(1): ...

  7. 784-IJBCS-Article-Prof Georges Accrombessi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Plusieurs auteurs ont également rapporté la production de biodiesel à partir des réactions enzymatiques (Pinto et al., 2005; Meher et al., 2006; Marchetti et al.,. 2007; Yun et al., 2009; Man et al., 2010). De récents travaux ont étudié la catalyse de la transestérification de la tributyrine par le méthanol avec des bases solides ...

  8. Late Quaternary slip history of the Mill Creek strand of the San Andreas fault in San Gorgonio Pass, southern California: The role of a subsidiary left-lateral fault in strand switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendrick, Katherine J.; Matti, Jonathan; Mahan, Shannon

    2015-01-01

    The fault history of the Mill Creek strand of the San Andreas fault (SAF) in the San Gorgonio Pass region, along with the reconstructed geomorphology surrounding this fault strand, reveals the important role of the left-lateral Pinto Mountain fault in the regional fault strand switching. The Mill Creek strand has 7.1–8.7 km total slip. Following this displacement, the Pinto Mountain fault offset the Mill Creek strand 1–1.25 km, as SAF slip transferred to the San Bernardino, Banning, and Garnet Hill strands. An alluvial complex within the Mission Creek watershed can be linked to palinspastic reconstruction of drainage segments to constrain slip history of the Mill Creek strand. We investigated surface remnants through detailed geologic mapping, morphometric and stratigraphic analysis, geochronology, and pedogenic analysis. The degree of soil development constrains the duration of surface stability when correlated to other regional, independently dated pedons. This correlation indicates that the oldest surfaces are significantly older than 500 ka. Luminescence dates of 106 ka and 95 ka from (respectively) 5 and 4 m beneath a younger fan surface are consistent with age estimates based on soil-profile development. Offset of the Mill Creek strand by the Pinto Mountain fault suggests a short-term slip rate of ∼10–12.5 mm/yr for the Pinto Mountain fault, and a lower long-term slip rate. Uplift of the Yucaipa Ridge block during the period of Mill Creek strand activity is consistent with thermochronologic modeled uplift estimates.

  9. Permeation Testing of Materials With Chemical Agents or Simulants (Swatch Testing)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    Applicable safety and surety regulations will be reviewed to ensure that all test procedures are in compliance. a. Chemical agents are extremely toxic and...or dry pinto beans (39 percent fiber), dry lima beans (34.3 per- cent fiber), dry lentils (28.1 percent fiber), split peas (24.4 percent fiber), wheat...application, and weathering should be deter- mined based on the guidance listed herein and program-specific requirements, and must be ap- propriately

  10. Lihtne, universaalne, sobiv, odav ja jõuline : Abalos & Herrerose selgesõnaline arhitektuur = Simple, universal, felicitous, cheap and intense : the straight-talkind architecture of Abalos & Herreros / Hans Ibelings

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibelings, Hans

    2003-01-01

    Hispaania arhitektuuribüroo loomingust. 1984. aastast töötavad koos Inaki Abalos (sünd. 1956), Juan Herreros (sünd. 1958), 1997. a. lisandus Angel Jaramillo (sünd. 1968). Büroo projekteeritud El Retiro spordihallist (2003), Colmenarejo halduskeskusest (1999) ja Usera raamatukogust (2003) Madridis, jäätmekäitluskompleksist Valdemingomezis (1999) ja Pintos (2003), Barcelona Rannapargi projektist (2004). 18 ill

  11. Bolivia’s Left Turn Toward Rentier Plurinationalism And Its Effects On Ethnic Tensions And Solidarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Autonomia y los Derechos de los Pueblos Indigenas (March for the Defense of the Territory, autonomy and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples) by the CIDOB...Pago del Bono Juancito Pinto comenzará el 20 de Octubre,” Sociedad , accessed 03 May, 2016, www.la-razon.com/index.php?_url=/ sociedad /Pago-Bono...Origin / Tierras Comnitarias de Origen TNC transnational corporations UDP Democratic Popular Unity / Unidad Democratica y Popular UK United Kingdom

  12. Reduction of antiproliferative capacities, cell-based antioxidant capacities and phytochemical contents of common beans and soybeans upon thermal processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Baojun; Chang, Sam K C

    2011-12-01

    The effects of boiling and steaming processes on the antiproliferative and cellular antioxidant properties, as well as phytochemicals, of two types of common beans (pinto and black beans) and two types of soybeans (yellow and black) were investigated. All thermal-processing methods caused significant (pbean types (except for TPC values in pressure-steamed yellow soybeans) as compared to those of the raw beans. All types of uncooked raw beans exhibited cellular antioxidant activities (CAA) in dose-dependent manners. Black soybeans exhibited the greatest CAA, followed by black beans, pinto beans and yellow soybeans. The CAA of cooked beans were generally diminished or eliminated by thermal processing. The hydrophilic extracts from raw pinto beans, black beans and black soybeans exhibited antiproliferation capacities against human gastric (AGS) and colorectal (SW480) cancer cells in dose-dependent manners. The raw yellow soybeans exhibited dose-dependent antiproliferation activities against the SW480 cells. Most of the cooked beans lost their antiproliferation capacities as observed in the raw beans. These results indicate that different processing methods may have various effects on phytochemical profiles and bioactivities. Overall, thermal processing caused a significant reduction of the health-promotion effects of beans. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Cytotaxonomy of the Brasiliensis subcomplex and the Triatoma brasiliensis complex (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alevi, Kaio C C; Rosa, João A; Azeredo-Oliveira, Maria Tercília V

    2014-07-22

    We analyzed the classical cytotaxonomy of the Brasiliensis subcomplex (Triatoma brasiliensis Neiva, T. juazeirensis Costa & Felix, T. melanica Costa, Argolo & Felix, T. melanocephala Neiva & Pinto, T. petrochiae Pinto & Barreto, T. lenti Sherlock & Serafim, T. sherlocki Papa, Jurberg, Carcavallo, Cerqueira & Barata, T. tibiamaculata Pinto and T. vitticeps Stal) and the T. brasiliensis complex (T. b. brasiliensis, T. b. macromelasoma Neiva & Lent, T. juazeirensis, T. melanica and T. sherlocki). The five members of the T. brasiliensis complex share the same cytogenetic characteristics. Merely T. sherlocki show differences in spermatids, which confirms the status of more differentiated member of the complex. T. lenti also presented the same cytogenetic characteristics described for the species of the T. brasiliensis complex, which supports possible grouping of the species as sixth member of the complex, although further analysis as molecular and experimental crosses are needed to corroborate this hypothesis. T. petrochiae, T. vitticeps, T. tibiamaculata and T. melanocephala presented one or more characteristics that allow questioning grouping in the proposed Brasiliensis subcomplex. Thus, we suggested that Brasiliensis subcomplex and T. brasiliensis complex should be constituted by the same triatomines (T. b. brasiliensis, T. b. macromelasoma, T. juazeirensis, T. melanica and T. sherlocki). However, we draw attention to T. lenti and suggest that although new analyzes should be performed, possibly this species is the sixth member of the T. brasiliensis complex. 

  14. Decomposition of Arachis pintoi and Hyparrhenia rufa litters in monoculture and intercropped systems under lowland soil

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    Oliveira Christiane Abreu de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Tropical grasslands under lowland soils are generally underutilized and the litter of forage legumes may be used to recover these degraded pastures. The objective of this work was to study the dynamics of litter decomposition of Arachis pintoi (pinto peanut, Hyparrhenia rufa (thatching grass and a mixture of both species in a lowland soil. These treatments were analyzed in three areas: grass monoculture, legume monoculture and legume intercropped with the grass during the dry and wet seasons. Litter bags containing the legume, grass or a mixture of both species were incubated to estimate the decomposition rate and microorganism colonization. Decomposition constants (K and litter half-lives (T1/2 were estimated by an exponential model whereas number of microorganisms in specific media were determined by plate dilution. The decomposition rate, release of nutrients and microorganisms number, especially bacteria, increased when pinto peanut was added to thatching grass, influenced by favorable lignin/N and C/N ratios in legume litter. When pinto peanut litter was incubated in the grass plots, 50% N and P was released within about 135 days in the dry season and in the wet season, the equivalent release occurred within 20 days. These results indicate that A. pintoi has a great potential for nutrient recycling via litter and can be used to recover degraded areas.

  15. Evidence for functional heterogeneity both between and within four sources of condensed tannin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asquith, T.N.

    1985-01-01

    Condensed tannins are polymers of flavan-3-ols that are produced by many plants in a wide variety of tissues. The ability of these compounds to actively precipitate proteins has been linked to nutritional deficiencies in many animals. Four purified tannins (quebracho, wattle, pinto bean and sorghum) were compared to chemical assays and astringency towards [ 14 C]-BSA. Quebracho and wattle tannins were much less astringent and had longer chain lengths that sorghum or pinto bean tannins. Quebracho tannin had a very high affinity for salivary proline-rich glycoproteins (PRPs) and pinto bean tannin alone had a measurable affinity for soybean trypsin inhibitor. This suggests that tannin/protein interactions in vivo may be very specific. Protein bound carbohydrate enhanced the binding of PRPs to tanning and conferred specificity on the interactions. Carbohydrate also increases the solubility of protein/tanning complexes, which may aid the animal in eliminating the complexes. [ 125 I]-labeled condensed tannin was shown to retain the ability to discriminate between high and low affinity proteins. [ 125 I]-labeled phenols were isolated from livers and kidneys of rats fed [ 125 I]-labeled tannin. The techniques described in this thesis should be widely applicable to studying in vivo functions of condensed tannins

  16. Phlebotomine sandflies fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae at rural settlements in the municipality of Cáceres, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil Fauna flebotomínica (Diptera: Psychodidae em assentamentos rurais no Município de Cáceres, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Graziella Borges Alves

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Leishmaniasis is expanding across Brazil, including the State of Mato Grosso (MT. The aim of this study was to characterize the phlebotomine sandfly fauna at threerural settlements located in the municipality of Cáceres, MT, from August 2010 to July 2011. METHODS: Sandfly captures were conducted at the forest border and in intra and peridomicile areas with automatic light traps, biweekly, from 5pm to 6am. RESULTS: Of the 630 sandflies collected, 348 were female, and 282 were male. Captured specimens were distributed across 11 genera - Brumptomyia, Evandromyia, Expapillata, Lutzomyia, Martinsmyia, Micropygomyia, Nyssomyia, Pintomyia, Psathyromyia, Psychodopygus, and Sciopemyia - and 28 species. Among these, six species had not been marked yet in MT (Brumptomyia avellari, Br. mangabeirai, Evandromyia aldafalcaoae, Micropygomyia echinatopharynx, Micropygomyia peresi, and Pa. campograndensis. Nyssomyia whitmani was the most abundant species across ecotopes at all settlements. Interestingly, Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia cruzi were found in sympatry. CONCLUSIONS: The disorganized occupation of the environment that is happening at the rural settlements of Mata Comprida, Laranjeira I and II could provide opportunities for the domiciliation of wild populations of phlebotomine, including vectors of leishmaniasis. Therefore, more studies are needed to understand the epidemiology of the disease in these areas and its impact on the human population.INTRODUÇÃO: As leishmanioses encontram-se em expansão no Brasil, inclusive no Estado de Mato Grosso (MT. A presente pesquisa teve como objetivo estudar a fauna flebotomínica emtrês assentamentos rurais localizados no município de Cáceres, MT, entre agosto de 2010 e julhode 2011. MÉTODOS: As coletas foram realizadas na margem da mata, no intra e peridomicílio com armadilhas automáticas luminosas, quinzenalmente, das 17h às 6h. RESULTADOS: Foram coletados 630 exemplares, sendo 348 f

  17. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: species distribution and potential vectors of leishmaniases

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    Bruno Moreira Carvalho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: Species distribution and potential vectors of leishmaniases. Rio de Janeiro State, in Brazil, has endemic areas of both cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases. In these areas, entomologic surveillance actions are highly recommended by Brazil's Ministry of Health. The present work describes the results of sand fly captures performed by the Health Department of Rio de Janeiro State between 2009 and 2011 in several municipalities. An updated species list and distribution of phlebotomine sand flies in the state are provided based on an extensive literature review. Currently, the sand fly fauna of Rio de Janeiro State has 65 species, belonging to the genera Brumptomyia (8 spp. and Lutzomyia (57 spp.. Distribution maps of potential leishmaniases vector species Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, L. migonei, L. (N. whitmani, L. (N. flaviscutellata and L. (Lutzomyia longipalpis are provided and their epidemiological importance is discussed.

  18. The first canine visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in Campinas, State of São Paulo Southeastern Brazil

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    Andrea Paula Bruno von Zuben

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Early detection of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL outbreak in animals is crucial for controlling this disease in non-endemic areas. Methods Epidemiological surveillance (2009-2012 was performed in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Results In 2009, Leishmania chagasi was positively identified in four dogs. Entomological research and three serological studies (2010-2012 were undertaken as monitoring measures; these approaches revealed a moderate prevalence of Leishmania present in 4% of the canine population. Nyssomyia whitmani and Lutzomyia longipalpis were the predominant species identified. Conclusions Detection of an AVL outbreak in dogs in an area with an evolving natural landscape containing sand flies is crucial for control programs.

  19. External morphology of sensory structures of fourth instar larvae of neotropical species of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae under scanning electron microscopy

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    Pessoa Felipe Arley Costa

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, some morphological structures of antennae, maxillary palps and caudal setae of fourth instar larvae of laboratory-reared phlebotomine sand flies (Lutzomyia longipalpis, L. migonei, L. evandroi, L. lenti, L. sericea, L. whitmani and L. intermedia of the State of Ceará, Brazil, were examined under scanning electron microscopy. The antennal structures exhibited considerable variation in the morphology and position. A prominent digitiform distal segment has been observed only on the antenna of species of the subgenus Nyssomyia. The taxonomic relevance of this and other antennal structure is discussed. The papiliform structures found in the maxillae and the porous structures of the caudal setae of all species examined may have chemosensory function. Further studies with transmission electron microscopy are needed to better understand the physiological function of these external structures.

  20. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Lábrea, state of Amazonas, Brazil, with a description of Evandromyia (Aldamyia) apurinan Shimabukuro, Figueira & Silva, sp. nov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueira, Elder Augusto Guimarães; Silva, Glacicleide; Chagas, Erica Cristina da Silva; Shimabukuro, Paloma Helena Fernandes

    2013-05-01

    An entomological survey was conducted from July-December 2009 and September-December 2010, as part of the epidemiological monitoring of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in the municipality of Lábrea, state of Amazonas (AM), Brazil. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps installed in intra and peridomiciliary locations, as well as the border of forested areas around houses where autochthonous cases of ACL were recorded. A total of 510 sandflies belonging to 26 species were collected. The most abundant species was Nyssomyia antunesi (44.5%) followed by Evandromyia walkeri (10.6%) and Micropygomyia rorotaensis (9.8%). Here we also describe Evandromyia (Aldamyia) apurinan sp. nov. and report new records for Trichophoromyia flochi and Evandromyia sipani in AM and Brazil, respectively. Our results describe the composition of the sandfly fauna in the south of AM and suggest Ny. antunesi as the putative vector in the transmission of Leishmania in this area of the Amazon Region.

  1. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae from Lábrea, state of Amazonas, Brazil, with a description of Evandromyia (Aldamyia apurinan Shimabukuro, Figueira & Silva, sp. nov.

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    Elder Augusto Guimarães Figueira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available An entomological survey was conducted from July-December 2009 and September-December 2010, as part of the epidemiological monitoring of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL in the municipality of Lábrea, state of Amazonas (AM, Brazil. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps installed in intra and peridomiciliary locations, as well as the border of forested areas around houses where autochthonous cases of ACL were recorded. A total of 510 sandflies belonging to 26 species were collected. The most abundant species was Nyssomyia antunesi (44.5% followed by Evandromyia walkeri (10.6% and Micropygomyia rorotaensis (9.8%. Here we also describe Evandromyia (Aldamyia apurinan sp. nov. and report new records for Trichophoromyia flochi and Evandromyia sipani in AM and Brazil, respectively. Our results describe the composition of the sandfly fauna in the south of AM and suggest Ny. antunesi as the putative vector in the transmission of Leishmania in this area of the Amazon Region.

  2. Aspects on the Ecology of Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) From Guaraí, State of Tocantins, Brazil, Endemic Area for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godoy, Rodrigo Espíndola; de Santana, Antônio Luís Ferreira; Graser, Carina; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira; Vilela, Maurício Luiz

    2017-01-01

    In Brazil, American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) ecology involves a diversity of Leishmania species transmitted by different sand fly species. Workers involved in agricultural activities are those mainly affected by ACL in some regions from Tocantins State (TO), Brazil, where the disease can be established in new settlements. The objective of this study was to examine the seasonal and hourly frequency of sand fly species, focusing on the potential vectors of ACL, in a settlement in Guaraí (TO), an ACL transmission area. Sand flies were captured in forested area close to Pedra Branca Agricultural Project settlement, from March 2006 until December 2007, using Shannon trap. Monthly captures were made from 06:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m., and 24-h captures were done twice per semester, from 06:00 a.m. to 06:00 a.m. A total of 10,089 specimens from 30 species were identified. Psychodopygus complexus Mangabeira, Psychodopygus llanosmartinsi Fraiha & Ward, and Nyssomyia antunesi Coutinho were the most abundant species. Nyssomyia antunesi was more frequent during the dry period, whereas Ps. complexus and Ps. llanosmartinsi had high frequencies during the rainy season. Precipitation was positively correlated with Ps. complexus and Ps. llanosmartinsi abundance, and negatively correlated with Ny. antunesi During 24-h captures, the majority of specimens were captured during the night followed by a decrease at dawn. The behavior and previous finding of natural infection by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis of Ps. complexus led us to the conclusion that this species can be a potential vector of L. (V.) braziliensis during the rainy season in Guaraí. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Malaria vector species in Colombia: a review

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    James Montoya-Lerma

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Here we present a comprehensive review of the literature on the vectorial importance of the major Anopheles malaria vectors in Colombia. We provide basic information on the geographical distribution, altitudinal range, immature habitats, adult behaviour, feeding preferences and anthropophily, endophily and infectivity rates. We additionally review information on the life cycle, longevity and population fluctuation of Colombian Anopheles species. Emphasis was placed on the primary vectors that have been epidemiologically incriminated in malaria transmission: Anopheles darlingi, Anopheles albimanus and Anopheles nuneztovari. The role of a selection of local, regional or secondary vectors (e.g., Anopheles pseudopunctipennis and Anopheles neivai is also discussed. We highlight the importance of combining biological, morphological and molecular data for the correct taxonomical determination of a given species, particularly for members of the species complexes. We likewise emphasise the importance of studying the bionomics of primary and secondary vectors along with an examination of the local conditions affecting the transmission of malaria. The presence and spread of the major vectors and the emergence of secondary species capable of transmitting human Plasmodia are of great interest. When selecting control measures, the anopheline diversity in the region must be considered. Variation in macroclimate conditions over a species' geographical range must be well understood and targeted to plan effective control measures based on the population dynamics of the local Anopheles species.

  4. Phlebotominae spatial distribution asssociated with a focus of tegumentary leishmaniasis in Las Lomitas, Formosa, Argentina, 2002

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    Oscar Daniel Salomón

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Las Lomitas, Formosa, Argentina, reported 96 cases of tegumentary leishmaniasis during 2002. The urban transmission was suggested although previous outbreaks were related with floods of the Bermejo river (BR 50 km from the village. Phlebotomine collections were performed during March 2002 to define the spatial distribution of risk, together with satellite imaginery. The phlebotomine/trap obtained was 1679.5 in the southern BR shore, 1.1 in the periruban-rural environment and 2.3 in the northern Pilcomayo river marshes. Lutzomyia neivai was the prevalent species (91.1% among the 2393 phlebotomine captured, and it was only found in the BR traps. The other species were L. migonei (7.9%, L. cortelezzii (0.9%, and Brumptomyia guimaraesi (0.1%. The satellite images analysis indicates that the fishing spots at the BR were significantlyoverflowed during the transmission peak, consistent with fishermen recollections. This spatial restricted flood might concentrate vectors, reservoirs, and humans in high places. Therefore, both the spatial distribution of vectors and the sensor remoting data suggests that in Las Lomitas area the higher transmission risk it is still related with the gallery forest of the BR, despite of the urban residence of the cases. The surveillance and control implications of these results are discussed.

  5. Nucleolar persistence during spermatogenesis of the genus Rhodnius (Hemiptera, Triatominae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alevi, Kaio Cesar Chaboli; da Costa Castro, Nayara Fernanda; Lima, Anna Claudia Campaner; Ravazi, Amanda; Morielle-Souza, Alessandra; de Oliveira, Jader; da Rosa, João Aristeu; de Azeredo Oliveira, Maria Tercília Vilela

    2014-08-01

    The Triatominae subfamily is comprised of 18 genera and six tribes. The tribe Rhodniini is comprised of two genera (Rhodnius and Psammolestes). Nucleolar persistence is defined by the presence of the nucleolus or nucleolar corpuscles during the meiotic metaphase. To date, this phenomenon has been described for 13 species of triatomine that are included in the genera Triatoma, Rhodnius, and Panstrongylus. Thus, because the phenomenon of nucleolar persistence has been described in only two species of the genus Rhodnius, we have analyzed the nucleolar behavior during spermatogenesis of eight species of the genus Rhodnius (R. colombiensis, R. montenegrensis, R. nasutus, R. neglectus, R. neivai, R. pictipes, R. prolixus, and R. robustus), with a focus on nucleolar persistence. By means of cytogenetic analysis with silver ions, nucleolar behavior during spermatogenesis is described in the eight species of Rhodnius analyzed. In all of them nucleolar behavior was similar and the phenomenon of nucleolar persistence was often observed. Therefore, we confirm nucleolar persistence as a peculiarity of the genus Rhodnius. However, it is emphasized that new cytogenetic analysis should be performed in the Triatominae subfamily, more specifically among the 15 genera that do not exhibit the nucleolar behavior described, in order to assess whether this phenomenon is truly a synapomorphy of these hematophagous insects. © 2014 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  6. Seasonal pattern in parasite infracommunities of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus and Hoplias malabaricus (Actinopterygii: Erythrinidae) from the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Raissa Alves; Oliveira, Marcos Sidney Brito; Neves, Ligia Rigôr; Tavares-Dias, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated the effects of seasonal variation in parasites infracommunities of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus and Hoplias malabaricus from a tributary of Amazon River. For H. unitaeniatus and H. malabaricus, 11 parasite species were similar, and greatest parasite richness occurred during the rainy season. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis was the dominant parasite species for both hosts. In H. unitaeniatus, infection by Whittingtonocotyle caetei, Whittingtonocotyle jeju, Urocleidoides sp. and Anacanthorus sp. was higher during rainy season. Contracaecum sp., Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) inopinatus, Nomimoscolex matogrossensis and Gorytocephalus spectabilis showed no seasonal pattern. For H. unitaeniatus, P. pillulare, Clinostomum marginatum and Argulus pestifer occurred only during dry season, while Trichodina sp., Dolops geayi, undetermined metacercariae and Posthodiplostomum sp. occurred only during the rainy season. In H. malabaricus, the prevalence of Urocleidoides eremitus was similar during the two seasons, but abundance was higher during the rainy season. Tetrahymena sp., C. marginatum, Dendrorchis neivai, undetermined metacercariae, Posthodiplostomum sp., Genarchella genarchella, Cystidicoloides sp., G. spectabilis, D. geayi, A. pestifer and Glossiphonidae gen. sp. occurred only during the dry season. However, Contracaecum sp. and P. (S.) inopinatus occurred during both seasons, but the prevalence of P. (S.) inopinatus was higher during the rainy season. Seasonal variation in this infection levels was due to the host's feeding behavior and habits and the availability of infectious forms of parasites with heteroxenic life cycles. The non-seasonal fluctuation detected are likely a result of the parasites biology, highly variable nature of this tributary of Amazon River and low abundance of parasites.

  7. Bean and rice meals reduce postprandial glycemic response in adults with type 2 diabetes: a cross-over study

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    Thompson Sharon V

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Around the world, beans and rice are commonly consumed together as a meal. With type 2 diabetes increasing, the effect of this traditional diet pattern on glycemic response has not been studied fully. Methods We evaluated the glycemic response of bean and rice traditional meals compared to rice alone in adults with type 2 diabetes. Seventeen men and women with type 2 diabetes controlled by metformin (n = 14 or diet/exercise (n = 3 aged 35–70 years participated in the randomized 4 × 4 crossover trial. The white long grain rice control, pinto beans/rice, black beans/rice, red kidney beans/rice test meals, matched for 50 grams of available carbohydrate, were consumed at breakfast after a 12 hour fast. Capillary blood glucose concentrations at baseline and at 30 minute intervals up to 180 minutes postprandial were collected. MANOVA for repeated measures established glucose differences between treatments. Paired t tests identified differences between bean types and the rice control following a significant MANOVA. Results Postprandial net glucose values were significantly lower for the three bean/rice treatments in contrast to the rice control at 90, 120 and 150 minutes. Incremental area under the curve values were significantly lower for the pinto and black bean/rice meals compared to rice alone, but not for kidney beans. Conclusions Pinto, dark red kidney and black beans with rice attenuate the glycemic response compared to rice alone. Promotion of traditional foods may provide non-pharmaceutical management of type 2 diabetes and improve dietary adherence with cultural groups. Trial registration Clinical Trials number NCT01241253

  8. Marilena Alivizatou - Intangible heritage and the museum: new perspectives on cultural preservation

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    Ana Carvalho

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Falar de Património Cultural Imaterial (PCI é hoje uma tendência internacional como resultado da elaboração da Convenção para a Salvaguarda do Património Cultural Imaterial da UNESCO (2003. No contexto dos museus, a literatura científica que problematiza este novo enfoque é visivelmente crescente, seja em Portugal (ver, por ex: Costa 2009; Carvalho 2011; Sancho Querol 2012; Pinto no prelo, entre outros, seja no contexto internacional, como comprova esta recente publicação. A autora, Marile...

  9. Efeitos de fármacos utilizados na terapia endodôntica de dentes decíduos: análise da citotoxicidade e estudo in vitro da distribuição de proteínas da matriz extracelular e do citoesqueleto de fibroblastos da polpa dental humana

    OpenAIRE

    Daniella Ferraz Cerqueira

    2009-01-01

    O conhecimento do potencial citotóxico, das reações histológicas e propriedades clínicas é imprescindível para a escolha do material na terapia pulpar de dentes decíduos. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de fármacos desta terapia quanto à citotoxicidade e distribuição in vitro de proteínas da matriz extracelular e do citoesqueleto de fibroblastos da polpa humana. Os grupos foram: pasta Guedes- Pinto, pasta Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol (OZE), Vitapex®, Calen® e Calen PMCC®. Os extratos...

  10. A educação para o empreendedorismo em contexto prisional : competências, processos e desafios

    OpenAIRE

    Morgado, Sónia Sofia Pais

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Intervenção Social, Inovação e Empreendedorismo, apresentada à Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação e à Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, sob a orientação de Maria Cristina Pinto Albuquerque. O objetivo deste estudo recaiu na análise de programas de educação para o empreendedorismo aplicados em Estabelecimentos Prisionais Portugueses, Leiria e Sintra. A pertinência do estudo reside na análise do empreendedorismo no âmbito prisio...

  11. El mundo del libro : diciembre de 1968

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    Agustín Rodríguez Garavito

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available El documento presenta las reseñas de los siguientes títulos: ABRACADABRA-Por Juan José Saavedra. -Editorial Imprenta del Departamento-Popayán-Colombia. CANCIÓN DE LOS ARADOS Y OTROS POEMAS-Poesía-Por Ernesto Pinto Baralas- Editorial Salesiana-Bucaramanga. SIGNOS-Poesía-Por Eduardo Laverde Peña. SEMBLANZA Y VIDA DE ARTURO MICHELENA-Por E. Toledo Tovar-Valencia. Venezuela. POESIA DE RILKE- Por José Umaña Bernal.

  12. Growth of Clostridium perfringens during cooling of refried beans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevallos-Cevallos, Juan M; Akins, E Deann; Friedrich, Loretta M; Danyluk, Michelle D; Simonne, Amarat H

    2012-10-01

    Outbreaks of Clostridium perfringens have been associated with dishes containing refried beans from food service establishments. However, growth of C. perfringens in refried beans has not been investigated, and predictive models have not been validated in this food matrix. We investigated the growth of C. perfringens during the cooling of refried beans. Refried beans (pinto and black, with and without salt added) were inoculated with 3 log CFU/g C. perfringens spores and incubated isothermally at 12, 23, 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50°C. The levels of C. perfringens were monitored 3, 5, 8, and 10 h after inoculation, and then fitted to the Baranyi primary model and the Rosso secondary model prior to solving the Baranyi differential equation. The final model was validated by dynamic cooling experiments carried out in stockpots, thus mimicking the worst possible food service conditions. All refried beans samples supported the growth of C. perfringens, and all models fit the data with pseudo-R(2) values of 0.95 or greater and mean square errors of 0.3 or lower. The estimated maximum specific growth rates were generally higher in pinto beans, with or without salt added (2.64 and 1.95 h(-1), respectively), when compared with black beans, with or without salt added (1.78 and 1.61 h(-1), respectively). After 10 h of incubation, maximum populations of C. perfringens were significantly higher in samples with no salt added (7.9 log CFU/g for both pinto and black beans) than in samples with salt added (7.3 and 7.2 log CFU/g for pinto and black beans, respectively). The dynamic model predicted the growth of C. perfringens during cooling, with an average root mean squared error of 0.44. The use of large stockpots to cool refried beans led to an observed 1.2-log increase (1.5-log increase predicted by model) in levels of C. perfringens during cooling. The use of shallower pans for cooling is recommended, because they cool faster, therefore limiting the growth of C. perfringens.

  13. Comunicado acerca de las Sustancias que Producen Drogadicción

    OpenAIRE

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1994-01-01

    Informe y conclusiones de la Comisión designada por la Academia Nacional de Medicina para el estudio sobre DROGADICCIÓN, integrada por los Académicos Roberto De Zubiría, Coordinador; José Francisco Socarrás, Enrique Núñez Olarte, Mario Camacho Pinto, Guillermo Sánchez Medina y con intervención del Académico Fernando Sánchez Torres.

    La Comisión nombrada por la presidencia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia para redactar las c...

  14. C2 System Engineering for the Adversities of the Amazon Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    G. Pinto – Col Engineer Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Science and Technology Department) agoncal@gmail.com Andersonn Kohl – Lt Col...Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia , (2) Centro de Desenvolvimento de Sistemas, (3) 4º Centro de Telemática de Área, (4) Centro Tecnológico do...Integration. (pp. 14). Paper at 17 th ICCRTS [8] Guedes, A.R. & Leite, R.M.O, (2012) Estudo de Viabilidade Técnica e Econômica da Tecnologia HAP em

  15. Catholic populism and education in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paiva, Vanilda

    1995-05-01

    Education in Brazil has been profoundly affected by populism, a movement which extols the virtue of the oppressed classes and opposes the traditional teacherstudent relationship. This movement has antecedents in nineteenth-century Russian writers such as Herzen and Bakunin. The author shows how populist ideas, often merging with Marxism, were adopted by many Brazilian Catholics from the 1950s onwards, under the influence of Vieira Pinto, Paulo Freire and others. In the realm of education this often led to an extreme form of anti-authoritarianism. While not denying certain positive aspects of this movement, the author argues that its position is fundamentally self-contradictory.

  16. Misturas de extratos vegetais como alternativas ao uso de antibióticos melhoradores do desempenho nas dietas de frangos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    Pricila Vetrano Rizzo

    2008-01-01

    Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de avaliar a eficácia da suplementação de diferentes misturas de extratos vegetais nas rações de frangos de corte como melhoradores do desempenho. Para o ensaio de desempenho, foram utilizados 1350 pintos de corte em blocos casualizados, com 6 repetições e 5 dietas experimentais: CN - controle negativo (dieta basal); CP - controle positivo, CN com 10 ppm de avilamicina; ME1 - CN com produto contendo 200 ppm de óleos essenciais de cravo, tomilh...

  17. Proceso de trabajo de enfemería y la dignidad de los profesionales.

    OpenAIRE

    Shiratori, K.; Teixeira, M.S.; Handem, P.; Formozo, G. A.; Costa, T.L.; Ferreira, A.C.M.; Cavalcante, T.A.

    2005-01-01

    Este estudio se vincula al proyecto de investigación: “La responsabilidad social de la enfermería: desde el significado de persona hasta los paradigmas bioéticos”, el cual , por su parte, se encuentra unido a NUPEEF- Núcleo de Experimentación en Enfermería de Departamento de Enfermería Fundamental de Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto, de la Universidad Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro- UNIRIO. Objetivo discutir, aunque de manera preliminar, el proceso de trabajo de enf...

  18. O livro "Direitos das mulheres e injustiça dos homens" de Nísia Floresta: literatura, mulheres e o Brasil do século XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Campoi, Isabela Candeloro

    2011-01-01

    O livro Direitos das mulheres e injustiça dos homens foi publicado por Dionísia Gonçalves Pinto (1810-1885), mais conhecida como Nísia Floresta, em 1832. Tal obra foi considerada uma tradução livre de A Vindication of the rights of woman de Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), autora inglesa que se tornou o principal nome em defesa dos direitos das mulheres no século XIX. No entanto, tratava-se da tradução de Woman not inferior to man de Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762). O artigo apresentado cont...

  19. histórico da tecnologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Cezar de Freitas

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la contribución de Álvaro Vieira Pinto para los estudios de economía y educación. Su concepto de trabajo tecnológicamente elaborado puede ser reconocido como resultado de una profunda investigación sobre las relaciones humanas que encontramos en la “cultura de la economía”. Su camino teórico hasta los escritos de Marx, muestran una capacidad erudita de relacionar educación y emancipación política con la historia de la tecnología.

  20. Cem anos da Entomologia Forense no Brasil (1908-2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Pujol-Luz,José Roberto; Arantes,Luciano Chaves; Constantino,Reginaldo

    2008-01-01

    Apresentamos uma história do desenvolvimento da Entomologia Forense no Brasil e uma avaliação do estado da arte e perspectivas. Esses estudos no Brasil iniciaram-se em 1908 com os trabalhos pioneiros de Roquette-Pinto e Oscar Freire, que notaram a grande diversidade da fauna de insetos necrófagos e a impossibilidade de aplicação direta de métodos desenvolvidos na Europa. Nas últimas duas décadas a Entomologia Forense tem avançado rapidamente no Brasil, mas ainda existem lacunas importantes no...

  1. Eurofuse 2011

    CERN Document Server

    De Baets, Bernard; Fodor, Janos; Melo-Pinto, Pedro; Serodio, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    This carefully edited book comprises the papers from EUROFUSE 2011 Workshop on Fuzzy Methods for Knowledge-based Systems. EUROFUSE was established in 1998 as the EURO (the Association of European Operational Research Societies) Working Group on Fuzzy Sets, as a successor of the former European Chapter of IFSA (the International Fuzzy Systems Association). The present EUROFUSE 2011 workshop is held at Regua, Portugal, 21-23 September, in the World Heritage Site of the Douro Wine Region and is organised by Pedro Melo-Pinto and Pedro Couto. The workshop is devoted to Fuzzy Methods for Knowledge-b

  2. Infinitesimal methods of mathematical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pinto, J S

    2004-01-01

    This modern introduction to infinitesimal methods is a translation of the book Métodos Infinitesimais de Análise Matemática by José Sousa Pinto of the University of Aveiro, Portugal and is aimed at final year or graduate level students with a background in calculus. Surveying modern reformulations of the infinitesimal concept with a thoroughly comprehensive exposition of important and influential hyperreal numbers, the book includes previously unpublished material on the development of hyperfinite theory of Schwartz distributions and its application to generalised Fourier transforms and harmon

  3. Avaliação de complexo enzimático e betaína natural em rações para frangos de corte criados em aviário comercial

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira,Patrícia Watanabe Zanin; Menten,José Fernando Machado; Racanicci,Aline Mondini Calil; Traldi,Ana Beatriz; Silva,Cynthia Siqueira; Rizzo,Pricila Vetrano

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de um complexo enzimático, composto por protease, xilanase e amilase, associado ou não a betaína em dietas para frangos de corte sobre o desempenho das aves e a análise econômica. Pintos machos da linhagem Cobb 500 (924), com peso médio inicial de 45,8 g, foram alimentados com quatro dietas, cada uma com sete repetições, em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado. Cada unidade experimental continha 33 aves. As dietas foram: controle - rações à b...

  4. Efeito da vacina contra coccidiose sobre a colonização de Salmonella enteritidis em frangos de corte tratados com microbiota cecal anaeróbia

    OpenAIRE

    Andreatti Filho,R.L.; Mestrinel Jr.,P.; Sampaio,H.M.; Crocci,A.J.

    1999-01-01

    Avaliou-se o efeito da vacina contra coccidiose sobre a habilidade da microbiota cecal anaeróbia (MCA), administrada por diferentes vias (aves tratadas), em proteger pintos de corte da colonização por Salmonella enteritidis (Se). Utilizaram-se 120 aves assim divididas: grupo A, pulverização de MCA em aves vacinadas contra coccidiose e desafiadas com Se, grupo B, inoculação endoesofágica de MCA em aves vacinadas e desafiadas, grupo C, MCA na água de bebida de aves vacinadas e desafiadas, grupo...

  5. Suplementação dietética de levedura de cerveja e de minerais orgânicos sobre o desempenho e resposta imune em frangos de corte desafiados com a vacina de coccidiose

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes,Jovanir Inês Müller; Bortoluzzi,Cristiano; Kosmann,Raquel Cristina; Gottardo,Elisangela Thaísa; Fernandes,Nelson Luis Mello

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o efeito da suplementação de levedura de cerveja e minerais orgânicos sobre o desempenho, morfometria intestinal e resposta imune humoral de frangos de corte, desafiados com a vacina de coccidiose. Foram utilizados 384 pintos de corte, distribuídos aleatoriamente em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro tratamentos (1. controle, 2. minerais orgânicos 3. levedo de cerveja, 4. associação de minerais orgânicos e levedo de cerveja) e 4 repetiçõe...

  6. GPU Computing Gems Emerald Edition

    CERN Document Server

    Hwu, Wen-mei W

    2011-01-01

    ".the perfect companion to Programming Massively Parallel Processors by Hwu & Kirk." -Nicolas Pinto, Research Scientist at Harvard & MIT, NVIDIA Fellow 2009-2010 Graphics processing units (GPUs) can do much more than render graphics. Scientists and researchers increasingly look to GPUs to improve the efficiency and performance of computationally-intensive experiments across a range of disciplines. GPU Computing Gems: Emerald Edition brings their techniques to you, showcasing GPU-based solutions including: Black hole simulations with CUDA GPU-accelerated computation and interactive display of

  7. Emissão de 27 de março de 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Universidade Aberta

    2015-01-01

    Programa produzido pela Universidade Aberta, emitido ao abrigo de uma parceria com a RTP Curso MOOC "Lisboa e o Mar: uma História de Chegadas e Partidas", da Universidade Aberta(UAb): Entrevista ao professor António Teixeira, coordenador do projeto EMMA (European Multiple Mooc Agregator), docente da UAb. Temas do Curso "Lisboa e o Mar: uma História de Chegadas e Partidas”: depoimentos de Ana Paula Avelar, de Alexandra Câmara, de Maria do Carmo Teixeira Pinto, de Paulo Ramos e de Mari...

  8. Desempenho de frangos de corte alimentados com altos valores de balanço eletrolítico em região de clima quente

    OpenAIRE

    Vieites,F.M.; Fraga,A.L.; Souza,C.S.; Araújo,G.M.; Vargas Júnior,J.G.; Nunes,R.V.; Corrêa,G.S.S.

    2011-01-01

    Determinaram-se os melhores valores de balanço eletrolítico (BE) para o desempenho de frangos de corte de um a sete, um a 14, um a 21 e um a 42 dias de idade. Utilizaram-se 720 pintos comerciais, machos, criados em galpão de alvenaria, em boxes cobertos com maravalha, alimentados com dieta basal composta por milho e farelo de soja combinada com valores de BE de 200; 250; 300; 350 e 400mEq/kg. Adotou-se o delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com seis repetições de 24 aves para cada uma das 30 u...

  9. Exigências nutricionais de sódio e cloro e estimativa do melhor balanço eletrolítico da ração para frangos de corte na fase pré-inicial (1-7 dias de idade)

    OpenAIRE

    Rondón,Edgar O. Oviedo; Murakami,Alice Eiko; Furlan,Antonio Claudio; Garcia,Jocilaine

    2000-01-01

    Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de determinar as exigências de sódio (Na+) e cloro (Cl-) para frangos de corte na fase pré-inicial (1 a 7 dias de idade) e o melhor balanço eletrolítico da ração. Em cada experimento, 1500 pintos de corte da linhagen Cobb foram distribuídos em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com seis tratamentos, cinco repetições e 50 aves por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos utilizados nos dois experimentos consistiram de rações com níveis de 0,1...

  10. Alfa-amilase em frangos de corte: efeitos do balanço eletrolítico e do nível protéico da dieta

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro,Marcela Piedade; Moraes,George Henrique Kling de; Fanchiotti,Flavia Escapini; Oliveira,Maria Goreti de Almeida; Rodrigues,Ana Cláudia Peres; Albino,Luiz Fernando Teixeira; Guimarães,Valéria Monteze; Vieites,Flávio Medeiros

    2006-01-01

    Um experimento foi conduzido com pintos de corte macho para o estudo dos efeitos dos níveis de 20 e 23% de PB combinados com 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 mEq/kg de balanço dietético eletrolítico (BDE) sobre a atividade da alfa-amilase pancreática de frangos de corte de 1 a 21 dias de idade. O delineamento utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado. Dietas e água foram fornecidas ad libitum. Aos 1, 7, 14 e 21 dias, três aves de cada tratamento foram sacrificadas por deslocamento cervical para remoç...

  11. Obtenção e aplicação de soluveis concentrados de sardinhas (Sardinella brasiliensis) em rações para frangos de corte : avaliação sensorial da carne destas aves

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto João Forster

    1980-01-01

    Resumo: O presente trabalho visou à obtenção e aplicação de so¬lúveis concentrados de sardinhas (Sardinella brasiliensis) nas rações para frangos de corte, bem como fazer uma avaliação sen¬sorial da carne das aves assim alimentadas. O experimento teve a duração de 49 dias, sendo utilizados 768 pintos sexados da linhagem Hubbard. 0 peso corporal e o consumo de ração foram anotados semanalmente, o delineamento experimental adotado para a criação das aves foi o de blocos ao acaso, com 8 tratamen...

  12. Efeito da Temperatura Ambiente e da Restrição Alimentar sobre o Desempenho e a Composição de Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas de Frangos de Corte

    OpenAIRE

    Sartori,José Roberto; Gonzales,Elisabeth; Dal Pai,Vitalino; Oliveira,Henrique Nunes de; Macari,Marcos

    2001-01-01

    O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estudar os efeitos da temperatura ambiente e da restrição alimentar sobre o desempenho e a composição do músculo flexor longo do hálux de frangos de corte. Trezentos e vinte e quatro pintos machos da linhagem Ross, com cinco dias de idade, foram distribuídos em um delineamento em parcelas subdivididas, considerando os tratamentos principais no esquema fatorial 3x3 inteiramente casualizado (três programas de alimentação: ad libitum, restrição precoce - 8 a 14 dias...

  13. Avaliação da arginina dietética sobre a resposta imunológica de frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doença de Gumboro - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i2.9738 Assessment of arginine diet on the immune response of broilers immunized against Gumboro disease - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i2.9738

    OpenAIRE

    Edna Tereza de Lima; Mayra Vissotto Ribeiro; Daniela Dalla Rosa; Jovanir Inês Müller Fernandes; Nelson Luis Mello Fernandes

    2011-01-01

    O estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da suplementação de Arginina (Arg) sobre a resposta imune humoral e o desenvolvimento dos órgãos linfoides de frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doença de Gumboro. Foram utilizados 640 pintos de corte, distribuídos aleatoriamente em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro tratamentos (1. Controle, 2. Imunização, 3. Imunização + suplementação de L-Arg e 4. Suplementação de L-Arg.) e oito repetições de 20 aves cada. As aves...

  14. Assessment of arginine diet on the immune response of broilers immunized against Gumboro disease

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Jovanir Inês Müller; Dalla Rosa, Daniela; Ribeiro, Mayra Vissotto; Lima, Edna Tereza de; Fernandes, Nelson Luis Mello

    2011-01-01

    O estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da suplementação de Arginina (Arg) sobre a resposta imune humoral e o desenvolvimento dos órgãos linfoides de frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doença de Gumboro. Foram utilizados 640 pintos de corte, distribuídos aleatoriamente em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro tratamentos (1. Controle, 2. Imunização, 3. Imunização + suplementação de L-Arg e 4. Suplementação de L-Arg.) e oito repetições de 20 aves cada. As aves...

  15. Avaliação do ambiente de trabalho de odontopediatras e a sua influência no relacionamento profissional com a primeira infância

    OpenAIRE

    Moraes, Jorge André Ribas

    2005-01-01

    Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção. Esta pesquisa buscou a aplicação e otimização de um modelo de gestão para o odontopediatra que realiza seu trabalho, especificamente, com a primeira infância (crianças até três anos), pois segundo a Academia Americana de Odontopediatria (2001) e autores como Guedes-Pinto (1995), Corrêa (2002), Klatchoian (2002), entre outros, preconizam que o primeiro atendime...

  16. El paisaje de la dehesa en la provincia de Jaén

    OpenAIRE

    Paniza Cabrera, Antonia

    2014-01-01

    La dehesa constituye un ejemplo de uso del suelo bien adaptado a las restricciones ambientales de la región mediterránea, caracterizada tanto por su escaso potencial edáfico como climático (Pinto Correia, 2000, Olea y San Miguel, 2006). El sistema agrosilvopastoral que se extiende por el suroeste de España y el sur de Portugal, está caracterizado, principalmente, por la presencia de árboles dispersos o agrupados asociados con pastizales y con zonas de cultivo. En la dehesa los árboles present...

  17. Los imaginarios sociales de los egresados de pregrado de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. Sede Cartago sobre la calidad de la formación

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya Abella, Claudia Liliana

    2011-01-01

    Tesis (Maestría en Educación y Desarrollo Humano). Universidad de Manizales.CINDE, 2011 El presente trabajo describe los imaginarios sociales de los egresados de pregrado de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia sede Cartago sobre la calidad de la formación, desde la construcción social hecha de categorías visibles y la identificación de las agrupaciones semánticas que permitieron la aplicación del código relevancia opacidad de la metodología propuesta por Juan Luis Pintos. A partir de la...

  18. Disease: H01530 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available rise venereal syphilis and the non-venereal endemic treponematoses. The non-venereal endemic treponematoses ...are yaws, pinta, and endemic syphilis. Pinta, also known as mal del pinto or carate, is the most benign of the endemic treponema..., Vuzevski VD, Stolz E ... TITLE ... Nonvenereal treponematoses in tropical countries. ... JOURNAL ... Clin Dermat... ... Antal GM, Lukehart SA, Meheus AZ ... TITLE ... The endemic treponematoses. ... JOURNAL ... Microbes Infect 4:83-94 (2002) DOI:10.1016/S1286-4579(01)01513-1

  19. Experimental Investigations on Beamed Energy Aerospace Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Professor at the ABC Federal University- UFABC, São Paulo, Brasil ; David Romanelli Pinto. Undergraduate student; and Tiago Victor Cordeiro...28th International Symposium on Shock Waves – ISSW 2011, Manchester, UK, July 2011. Minucci, M. A. S. and Toro, P. G. P. ―O Brasil e o Futuro do...Habilis, Erechim, RS, Brasil , 2011, ISBN 978-85- 60967-38-4. 7. INTERACTIONS/TRANSITIONS: None. 8. NEW DISCOVERIES, INVENTIONS, OR PATENT DISCLOSURES: None. 9. HONORS/AWARDS: None.

  20. Relaxation behaviour of Co and Ni implanted into MgO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, M.M. [Fac.Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, Dep. Fisica, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal) and CFMC-Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal)]. E-mail: mmcruz@fc.ul.pt; Pinto, J.V. [CFMC-Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal); LFI, Dep. de Fisica, ITN, E.N. 10, 2695-953 Sacavem (Portugal); CFNUL, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal); Silva, R.C. da [LFI, Dep. de Fisica, ITN, E.N. 10, 2695-953 Sacavem (Portugal); CFNUL, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal); Alves, E. [LFI, Dep. de Fisica, ITN, E.N. 10, 2695-953 Sacavem (Portugal); CFNUL, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal); Gonzalez, R. [Universidad Carlos III, Dep. Fisica, Leganes, Madrid (Spain); Godinho, M. [Fac.Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, Dep. Fisica, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal); CFMC-Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2007-09-15

    Doping magnesium oxide with cobalt and nickel by ion implantation, results in the formation of nanosized metallic clusters [Pinto, et al., Eur. Phys. J. B 45 (2005) 331]. Single crystals of [1 0 0] MgO were implanted with the transition ions, Co and Ni, with 250 keV energy and fluence of 1x10{sup 17} cm{sup -2}. After vacuum annealing at 1270 K the implanted samples exhibit superparamagnetic behaviour associated with the formation of metallic clusters. The magnetic relaxation of these clusters was studied using magnetization measurements, in order to characterize the nanosized aggregates.

  1. Quantification of risks to coastal areas and development: wave run-up and erosion

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Theron, A

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available illustration of the Bruun model of profile response to rise in sea level, showing erosion of the upper beach and nearshore deposition from Davidson-Arnott, 2005. The Bruun rule is sensitive to the chosen values of the input parameters and these values...., GOMES, F.V., PINTO, F.T., 2006. A vulnerability analysis approach for the Portuguese west coast. DAVIDSON-ARNOTT, R.G.D., 2005. Conceptual model of the effects of sea level rise on sandy coasts. Journal of Coastal Research 21 (6): 1166 – 1172...

  2. Espécies de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae coletadas em ambiente urbano em municípios com transmissão de Leishmaniose Visceral do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Species of phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae collected in urban municipalities with transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Silva de Almeida

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Os flebotomíneos são os vetores naturais de alguns agentes etiológicos de doenças humanas e de animais, tais como protozoários do gênero Leishmania Ross, 1903. A fauna flebotomínica no Mato Grosso do Sul é relativamente bem conhecida e até o momento compõe-se de 54 espécies. O presente estudo baseia-se no levantamento de flebotomíneos em área urbana de 18 municípios com transmissão de leishmaniose visceral no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, com objetivo de verificar as principais espécies e fornecer subsídios para o programa de controle das leishmanioses. As coletas foram realizadas com armadilhas automáticas luminosas, instaladas mensalmente durante três noites consecutivas, das 18:00 horas às 6:00, no período de dois anos. Foram coletadas 36 espécies dentre os 34.799 exemplares identificados. Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 e Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes, 1939 foram as espécies mais dispersas, a primeira foi encontrada em 16 e a segunda em 15 dos 18 municípios investigados, contudo, Lu. longipalpis foi predominante em todos esses municípios Ny. whitmani não predominou em nenhum deles. Corumbá contribuiu com 40.92% de todos flebotomíneos capturados e nesse município Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira, 1938 respondeu por 92.50% dos exemplares coletados. Ressalta-se que as espécies do gênero Lutzomyia e Nyssomyia whitmani podem estar envolvidas com a transmissão de leishmanioses no Mato Grosso do Sul.The phlebotomine sand flies are the natural vectors of some etiological agents of human and animal diseases, such as the protozoa of the genus Leishmania Ross, 1903. The phlebotomine fauna in Mato Grosso do Sul is relatively well known and so far consists of 54 species. The present study is based on the survey of the phlebotomine fauna of the urban area of the 18 municipal districts with transmission of visceral leishmaniasis, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, for the purpose of verifying the main species and

  3. Estudo de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae em área urbana do município de Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Study of phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae in the urban area of Bonito municipality, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi identificar a fauna flebotomínea em áreas do perímetro urbano do município de Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. O estudo foi desenvolvido de março de 2005 a fevereiro de 2006, em 17 ecótopos distribuídos em 12 locais, três no Centro e nove em diferentes bairros. As capturas foram realizadas quinzenalmente com armadilhas automáticas luminosas. Capturou-se 2.680 espécimes, 2.283 machos e 397 fêmeas, de 12 espécies, Brumptomyia avellari, Brumptomyia brumpti, Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, Evandromyia corumbaensis, Evandromyia sallesi, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Micropygomyia acanthopharynx, Micropygomyia quinquefer, Nyssomyia whitmani, Psathyromyia aragaoi, Psathyromyia punctigeniculata e Psathyromyia shannoni. Lutzomyia longipalpis, vetora do agente da leishmaniose visceral americana, foi a espécie mais freqüente e a mais abundante, representando 93,5% dos flebotomíneos capturados e índice de abundância padronizado de 0,85. Com freqüência mais expressiva nos ecótopos próximos de galinheiro e de pocilga, esta espécie foi capturada em todos os meses do ano, com picos no verão, inverno e primavera. As demais espécies foram pouco freqüentes. Ressalta-se que a captura de Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, no intradomicilio e peridomicílio, nas proximidade de mata remanescente, tem grande significado epidemiológico uma vez que essa espécie é a principal vetora da Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis, agente etiológico da leishmaniose cutânea difusa anérgica. Portanto, na área urbana de Bonito foram encontradas duas espécies que comprovadamente participam da transmissão de leishmanioses, Lutzomyia longipalpis e Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, ambas encontradas naturalmente infectadas pelos respectivos agentes.The objective was to identify the urban phlebotomine sandfly fauna of the Bonito municipality, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The captures of insects were undertaken fortnightly from March 2005 to

  4. Leishmaniose tegumentar americana no Litoral Norte Paulista, período 1993 a 2005 American cutaneous leishmaniasis on the northern coastline of the State of São Paulo, 1993 to 2005

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    Maria Lúcia Fadel Condino

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A leishmaniose tegumentar americana adquiriu caráter epidêmico no Litoral Norte Paulista, desde a década de 1990. A partir de dados secundários, realizou-se estudo descritivo da doença no período de 1993 a 2005 nos quatro municípios que compõem a região e analisou-se a freqüência dos flebotomíneos capturados nos locais prováveis de transmissão. Foram notificados 689 casos autóctones de leishmaniose tegumentar, com casos isolados e agrupados, determinando uma distribuição espacial heterogênea, com sincronismo na manifestação e ciclicidade, em intervalo de seis a oito anos. Todas as faixas etárias foram acometidas, com ligeiro predomínio do sexo masculino, sem associação com uma ocupação. Capturou-se 2.758 flebotomíneos e a espécie Nyssomyia intermedia predominou (80,4%, no peri e intradomicílio. A doença apresentou perfil de transmissão peri e intradomiciliar, entre o periurbano e a mata, e no interior da mata. Neste caso, a transmissão estaria mais relacionada com os focos enzoóticos.American cutaneous leishmaniasis acquired epidemic characteristics on the northern coastline of the State of São Paulo beginning in the 1990s. From secondary data, a descriptive study of the disease in the four municipalities making up this region over the period from 1993 to 2005 was conducted. The frequency of phlebotomine capture in the probable transmission locations was analyzed. 689 autochthonous cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis were notified, with single and grouped cases, thus determining that the spatial distribution was heterogenous. There was synchronism and cyclicity of disease manifestation, at intervals of six to eight years. All ages were affected, with slight predominance among males, without association with any specific occupation. Among the 2,758 phlebotomines captured, Nyssomyia intermedia predominated (80.4% inside homes and in areas surrounding them. The disease presented a transmission profile inside homes and

  5. Estratificação vertical da fauna de flebótomos (Diptera, Psychodidae numa floresta primária de terra firme da Amazônia Central, Estado do Amazonas, Brasil Vertical stratification of phlebotomine sandfly fauna (Diptera, Psychodidae in a primary non-flooded forest of the Central Amazon, Amazonas State, Brazil

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    Artur Dias-Lima

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre a estratificação vertical da fauna de flebótomos, foram realizados numa floresta primária de terra firme, da Estação Experimental de Silvicultura Tropical-Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, durante os meses de outubro de 1998 a março de 1999. Utilizando-se armadilhas luminosas CDC, colocadas a 1, 10 e 20 metros de altura do solo, foram coletados 2.859 flebótomos, pertencentes a dois gêneros, Lutzomyia (99,93 % e Brumtomyia (0,07%, abrangendo 38 espécies. Dentro do gênero Lutzomyia, os sub-gêneros mais representados foram Nyssomyia, com 43,4%, e Psychodopygus com 22,8%. As espécies Lutzomyia umbratilis, L. anduzei, L. rorotaensis, L. trichopyga e L. olmeca nociva, foram dominantes a 1m de altura, enquanto que L. davisi, L. infraspinosa, L. umbratilis, L. trichopyga e L. anduzei, foram dominantes a 10m. As espécies L. anduzei, L. tuberculata, L. dendrophyla e L. dreisbachi foram mais abundantes a 20m. L. umbratilis, presente nos três níveis de estratificação vertical, é dotada de alta importância epidemiológica como vetora da Leishmania (Viannia guyanensis.Studies on the vertical stratification of phlebotomine sandfly fauna were conducted in a non-flooded primary forest at a Tropical Forest Experimental Station of the National Institute of Amazonian Research from October 1998 to March 1999. CDC light traps were placed at one, 10, and 20 meters above ground. A total of 2,859 sandflies were captured, belonging to the Lutzomyia (99.93% and Brumtomyia (0.07% genera, represented by 38 species. In the Lutzomyia gender, the most frequent sub-gender was Nyssomyia (43.4%, followed by Psychodopygus (22.8%. Lutzomyia umbratilis, L. anduzei, L. rorotaensis, L. trichopyga, and L. olmeca nociva predominated at one meter above ground, while L. davisi, L. infraspinosa, L. umbratilis, L. trichopyga, and L. anduzei predominated at 10 meters. L. anduzei, L. tuberculata, L. dendrophyla, and L. dreisbachi were the most

  6. [Ecology of various tropical dermatoses in Peru].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores Cevallos, L

    1985-01-01

    Special circumstances: Mountains called "Los Andes", the Humbolt maritime current, subtropical region; which makes the peruvian territory present the ecosystem which influence the fauna, flora, and pothology. Contain diseases like parasite dermatosis (mal de Pinto, verruga peruana, leishmaniasis, blastomycosis and pain) have close relation with the different ecosystem of the peruvian territory. This study only includes these dermatosis and are resumed as follows: The disease called, mal del Pinto is only diffused in the arid coast, andean valleys and the virgin forest (it is found in altitudes of 800 to 1,000 m.). The verruga peruvian: Is found in the occidental part of the andean valleys (at 800 and 1,000 m. of altitude). Leishmaniasis exist in two forms: One like bottom of orient with only skin alteration called leishmaniasis andina (uta for the indians), its propagated in the coast and the andean valleys at 200 m. (amount 1,200 to 3,000); the otter form affects the mycosis, called leishmaniasis americana (espundia for the indians), its it propagates general in the virgin forest. The brazilian blastomycosis only exists in the virgin forest. The pain, disease does not exist in the arid coast, nor in the andean valleys. Geographically, for its propagation it is necessary heat, humidity and heavy rainy water, that is why it is only found in the virgin forest.

  7. Modifying solubility of polymeric xylan extracted from Eucalyptus grandis and sugarcane bagasse by suitable side chain removing enzymes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Katiana R; Chimphango, Annie F A; Görgens, Johann F

    2015-10-20

    α-l-Arabinofuranosidase (AbfB) and novel α-d-glucuronidase (Agu1B) enzymes were applied for selective hydrolysis of beechwood (Fagus sylvatica) xylan (Sigma-Aldrich) as well as xylans extracted from Eucalyptus grandis and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) bagasse, leading to precipitation of these carbohydrate biopolymers. Hemicellulose extraction was performed with two mild-alkali methods, Höije and Pinto. Precipitation occurred after removal of 67, 40 and 16% 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid (MeGlcA) present in polymeric xylans from beechwood, E. grandis (Pinto) and E. grandis (Höije), respectively. Precipitation was maximized at Agu1B levels of 3.79-7.53mg/gsubstrate and hemicellulose concentrations of 4.5-5.0% (w/v). Polymeric xylan from sugarcane bagasse precipitated after removal of 48 and 22% of arabinose and MeGlcA, respectively, at optimal AbfB and Agu1B dosages of 9.0U/g and 6.4mg/g, respectively. Both the purity of polymeric xylans and structure thereof had a critical impact on the propensity for precipitation, and morphology of the resulting precipitate. Nano-to micro-meter precipitates were produced, with potential for carbohydrate nanotechnology applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Experiências sôbre a transmissão do Trypanosoma cruzi por sanguessugas e de tripanosomas de vertebrados de sangue frio por triatomíneos Experiments of the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi by leechs and cold blooded vertebrate trypanosomas by triatominae

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    Samuel B. Pessôa

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available Observou-se que o Trypanosoma cruzi não se multiplica na sanguessuga (Haementeria lutzi Pinto; os tripanosomas sugados degeneram após algum tempo; outros permanecem aparentemente normais, porém 48 horas após a ingestão infectante acabam morrendo. Observou-se ainda que os tripanosomas parasitas da rã (T. rotatorium e T. leptodactyli bem como o T. hogei, parasita da serpente Rachidelus brazili, não se multiplicam no intestino dos triatomíneos. O mais resistente (o T. leptodactyli, permanece vivo até 72 horas após a ingestão infectante, porém as outras duas espécies (T. rotatorium e T. hogei não resistem mais de 24 horas após serem sugadas pelos triatomíneos.Trypanosoma cruzi does not reproduce itself in the leech (Haementerm lutzi Pinto; the ingested trypanosomes degenerate after some time; other organisms remain apparently normal, however dying 48 hours after the feeding of the leechs. The parasite trypanosomas of the frog (T. rotatorium and T. leptodactyli as well as those parasiting the ophidian Rachidelus brazili (T. hogei do not multiply in the intestine of the triatominae. The most resistent species (T. leptocbactyli remains alive 72 hours after the feeding of the triatominae; the other two, however, do not survive more than 24 hours.

  9. Livros do Brasil e a edição de romances brasileiros em Portugal nos anos 1940

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    Thiago Mio Salla

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Enquanto esforço de historiografia literária e editorial, o presente artigo tem como objetivo lançar luz sobre as edições portuguesas de romances brasileiros realizadas pela editora Livros do Brasil, casa fundada em Lisboa, em 1944, por António de Sousa Pinto. A partir da recuperação de fontes primárias (com destaque para cartas e contratos, examinam-se, sobretudo, as negociações travadas entre Sousa Pinto e José Olympio no que diz respeito à edição, em Portugal, de títulos de dois importantes autores de nossa chamada geração de 1930: José Lins do Rego e Rachel de Queiroz. Mais especificamente, recupera-se o embate travado entre a atitude interventiva do editor luso, que defendia a necessidade de se ajustar o texto das obras de ambos os escritores à variante europeia do idioma, de modo a aproximá-las do leitorado português, e a recusa inicial dos romancistas, que exigiam o respeito estrito aos “brasileirismos” por eles empregados.

  10. Tres Danzas Sencillas, Opus 1.

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    Miguel Pinto Campa

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Las “Tres Danzas Sencillas” catalogadas con el Opus 1, originalmente fueron escritas para piano en la época que el compositor ocupaba el puesto de  violista principal en la Orquesta Sinfónica de Villaclara, con sede en su ciudad natal, Santa Clara, y donde había nacido Miguel Pinto Campa el 9 de Junio  de 1945; 17 años antes de escribir la primera de estas Danzas, “En forma de Son”, que fuera escrita a petición de la pianista cubana Rosario Franco,  quien la estrenara el día 19 de Mayo de 1965 en el Palacio de Bellas Artes de la Habana y que en una misiva fechada en la ciudad de Matanzas el 29 de mayo de 1965 comenta en uno de sus párrafos.”Estimado Pinto: Le envío anuncios y programas que dan constancia del estreno de su obra. El público estaba muy interesado en saber quien era Ud., por lo que he pedido se agreguen notas al programa para mi próxima gira por Oriente”.................................................

  11. A mechanistic kinetic model for phenol degradation by the Fenton process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontes, Ricardo F F; Moraes, José E F; Machulek, Amilcar; Pinto, José M

    2010-04-15

    The objective of this paper is to develop and validate a mechanistic model for the degradation of phenol by the Fenton process. Experiments were performed in semi-batch operation, in which phenol, catechol and hydroquinone concentrations were measured. Using the methodology described in Pontes and Pinto [R.F.F. Pontes, J.M. Pinto, Analysis of integrated kinetic and flow models for anaerobic digesters, Chemical Engineering Journal 122 (1-2) (2006) 65-80], a stoichiometric model was first developed, with 53 reactions and 26 compounds, followed by the corresponding kinetic model. Sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the most influential kinetic parameters of the model that were estimated with the obtained experimental results. The adjusted model was used to analyze the impact of the initial concentration and flow rate of reactants on the efficiency of the Fenton process to degrade phenol. Moreover, the model was applied to evaluate the treatment cost of wastewater contaminated with phenol in order to meet environmental standards. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Caso a: la decisión de Luis Gabriel

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    Orlando Enrique Contreras

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper recounts a case of successful entrepreneurship in the transport sector in Colombia. In fact, it tells the story of Luis Gabriel Pinto, a person who takes the initiative to develop their own business project in the provision of logistic services of transportation of oil and its derivatives. This company gives to him and his family an opportunity for economic independence to generate income and create their own company in order to better their quality of life.The paper makes a parallel between the history of the family business and the economic outlook in the transport sector. First of all, the story begins with Luis Gabriel Pinto first approaches in the field of transport, then with his vision and organization of their own business and finally, with the expansion and evolution of his business. On the other hand, the story completes this paper by showing an economic context and its evolution presenting macroeconomic aspects in the transport sector, economic growth stakeholders and institutionalization in transport.

  13. Reanalysis of semantic variables in the conditioning of the null object and the tonic pronoun in the speech of Florianópolis

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    Izete Lehmkuhl Coelho

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we analyzed the third person anaphoric direct object, investigating two very productive strategies in Brazilian Portuguese: the tonic pronoun (ele\\ela, ‘he\\she’ and an empty category (a null object. Since these two strategies are not in free variation, our main goal was to verify which semantic feature of the antecedent might be serving as internal conditioning for the use of tonic pronouns or the empty category. Based on recent literature on the subject (CREUS; MENUZZI, 2004; PIVETTA, 2015; AYRES, 2016; OTHERO et al. 2016; OTHERO; SCHWANKE, 2017, we decided to re-examine the data presented in Vieira-Pinto (2015, and Vieira-Pinto and Coelho (2016 using sociolinguistic interviews from the Florianópolis. We investigated three variables related to the NP antecedent: animacy, specificity and semantic gender. Confirming the hypothesis originally proposed by Creus e Menuzzi (2004, we conclude that the semantic gender of the antecedent is the main feature for the phenomenon of the anaphoric direct object, as follows: antecedents with identified semantic gender favor pronominal anaphora, whereas antecedents without identified semantic gender favor the null object.

  14. Dalle Americhe all’Europa: la sfortunata trasmigrazione degli erbari di Carlo Luigi Giuseppe Bertero (1789-1831

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    Claudia Borri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Carlo Bertero was trained in Alba and then in Turin, studying with very good teachers who taught him, in addition to botany, political and ethical principles. After having studied the domestic flora, the young botanist travelled to the Antilles (1816-1821, to Chile (1827-1830 and to Tahiti (1830-1831. Thanks to his scientific works many new species were recognized and many specimina were sent to Europe to collectors as well as to botanic gardens, being spread out in different places. When, in 1831, the boat, on which Bertero was boarded, sank into Pacific ocean, all his collection of Tahitian plants disappeared with him. Despite of the dispersion of the collected materials, the botanists have been successful in reconstructing a good part of his activity. Nevertheless his unique writing appeared on the magazine El Mercurio Chileno, when the botanist was living in Santiago during the government of F.A. Pinto, the first liberal president of such country. The historical documentation has disclosed that, during his co-operation with the magazine, the Italian botanist supported the governmental policy, being consistent with his juvenile principles. When Pinto was overthrown, after a fierce civil war, which brought the conservative party to the power, Bertero fell into disgrace and had to leave the country, while the mission to write a natural story of Chile was granted to his competitor, the French botanist Claude Gay, who joined the new political course.

  15. Noticias de la Academia

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    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1993-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Grata Celebración


    Con elegante reunión íntima, para la cual vinieron del exterior todos sus hijos y en la que tomaron parte distinguidos académicos, celebró su octogésimo cumpleaños el secretario de la Corporación, Académico de Número Mario Camacho Pinto, el día 18 de diciembre de 1992.

    El profesor Camacho Pinto, médico de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y especializado en Neurocirugía en los Estados Unidos bajo la dirección de personalidades tan ilustres como Foster Kennedy, William Scarfy Lester Mount, regresó a Colombia en 1944 para traer la entonces novedosa especialidad, de la cual es pionero en nuestro país pues fue el primero que tuvo servicio en el Hospital de San Juan de Dios, la Hortúa de Bogotá y que fue designado docente en su Alma Mater.

    La Academia se une complacida a los parabienes que, con motivo de sus ochenta fructíferos años, ha recibido el señor Secretario...

  16. Novas considerações morfológicas e sistemáticas sobre os Procamallanus brasileiros (Nematoda, Camallanoidea On Brazilian Procamallanus (Nematoda, Camallanoidea

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    R. Magalhães Pinto

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available Mais uma vez os autores apresentam os resultados obtidos, após examinarem 62 amostras de Procamallanus brasileiros parasitas de peixes dulcícolas. Duas novas espécies são propostas: Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pexatus e Procamallanus (Procamallanus peraccuratus, esta representando a primeira ocorrência do subgênero no Brasil. Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus probus pinto & fernandes, 1972, é considerada sinônimo de Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus inopinatus Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928. Um lote não identificado, por insuficiência de dados, é incluído como Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus sp.After studying 63 Procamallanus samples recovered from Brazilian freshwater fishes, the authors in this third article on the subject propose two new species: Procamallanus Spinocamallanus pexatus from Pygidium brasiliensis (Reinh. and Procamallanus (Procamallanus peraccuratus from Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gmard. and Cichlasoma facetum (Jenyns (Cichlaurus facetus as well as consider Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus probus Pinto & Fernandes, 1972, synonym of Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus inopinatus Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928, after rechecking the type amount of the former. They also affix an unidentified sample as Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus sp.

  17. Modelling gait transition in two-legged animals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Carla M. A.; Santos, Alexandra P.

    2011-12-01

    The study of locomotor patterns has been a major research goal in the last decades. Understanding how intralimb and interlimb coordination works out so well in animals' locomotion is a hard and challenging task. Many models have been proposed to model animal's rhythms. These models have also been applied to the control of rhythmic movements of adaptive legged robots, namely biped, quadruped and other designs. In this paper we study gait transition in a central pattern generator (CPG) model for bipeds, the 4-cells model. This model is proposed by Golubitsky, Stewart, Buono and Collins and is studied further by Pinto and Golubitsky. We briefly resume the work done by Pinto and Golubitsky. We compute numerically gait transition in the 4-cells CPG model for bipeds. We use Morris-Lecar equations and Wilson-Cowan equations as the internal dynamics for each cell. We also consider two types of coupling between the cells: diffusive and synaptic. We obtain secondary gaits by bifurcation of primary gaits, by varying the coupling strengths. Nevertheless, some bifurcating branches could not be obtained, emphasizing the fact that despite analytically those bifurcations exist, finding them is a hard task and requires variation of other parameters of the equations. We note that the type of coupling did not influence the results.

  18. Cumulative Ductility and Hysteretic Behavior of Small Buckling-Restrained Braces

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    Hidajat Sugihardjo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cumulative ductility is defined as a ratio of total energy to elastic energy which is dissipated by an element of the structural system during cyclic loading. An element of the structural system is categorized hysteretic if the cumulative ductility factor fulfills certain criteria. This study investigated both analytically and experimentally Small Buckling-Restrained Braces (SBRBs. The core of bracings was modeled using Menegotto-Pinto and bilinear functions. The restrained bracing members were in the shape of square hollow steel section. They were made of the assembly of two L-shaped steel sections. From the experimental study on four SBRB specimens, it was proven that the proposed SBRBs have performed relatively stable hysteretic curves up to two percent of strain and the cumulative ductility factor of 199–450. This value is sufficient for the Buckling-Restrained Brace (BRB elements as elastoplastic structural components. The comparisons of the hysteretic behaviors resulted by SBRB specimens using the Menegotto-Pinto functions and experiments exhibited good agreements, while the amount of energy dissipated by the SBRB specimens using the bilinear model agreed well with the experimental results. Based on the behavior of the experimental hysteretic, implementing the proposed SBRBs as components in ductile truss system is recommended.

  19. Patogenicidade In Vivo e In Vitro de Amostras de Escherichia Coli de Origem Aviária Patogenicity In Vivo and In Vitro of Escherichia Coli Samples from Avian Origin

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    ACB Assis

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse trabalho consistiu em determinar a patogenicidade in vivo e in vitro de 25 amostras de Escherichia coli obtidas de aves com Síndrome da Cabeça Inchada (SCI. A patogenicidade in vivo foi determinada pela inoculação em pintos SPF de um dia de idade, utilizando-se quatro vias de inoculação: intracardíaca, saco aéreo, oral e traqueal. As aves foram avaliadas quanto à mortalidade a cada 12 horas, por um período de sete dias. Os resultados desse estudo demonstraram que as 25 amostras de E. coli, isoladas de aves com SCI, causaram mortalidade mais elevada em pintos de um dia de idade quando foram inoculadas pelas vias intracardíaca (73,6% e saco aéreo (68%. As menores taxas de mortalidade em pintos de um dia de idade foram obtidas pelas vias intratraqueal (13,6% e oral (10,8%. Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a taxa de mortalidade de pintos de um dia inoculados com amostras produtoras (44,8% e não (32,3% de verotoxina. As amostras de E. coli, isoladas nesse estudo, quando foram utilizadas as vias de inoculação intracardíaca e saco aéreo, mostraram ser mais patogênicas para pintos de um dia de idade. A capacidade de produzir verotoxina não influenciou na taxa de mortalidade.The aim of this research is to establish in vivo and in vitro pathogenicity of 25 E.coli samples obtained from poultry bearing the Swollen Head Syndrome (SHS. In vivo pathogenicity was determined by inoculation in one-day old pathogens free, chicks using inoculation in 4 different ways: intracardiac, aerial sac, oral and tracheal. In vitro pathogenicity was determined by E.coli-sterile supernatant inoculation in a Vero cells culture and observed whether cellular death occurred or not in a period of 24, 48 and 72 hours. Regarding the influence of the cytotoxic effect in general death rate of one-day old chicks, it was concluded that due to the non-existence of statistical significance among the average values

  20. The role of magnetic resonance image guided prostate biopsy in stratifying men for risk of extracapsular extension at radical prostatectomy. Raskolnikov D, George AK, Rais-Bahrami S, Turkbey B, Siddiqui MM, Shakir NA, Okoro C, Rothwax JT, Walton-Diaz A, Sankineni S, Su D, Stamatakis L, Merino MJ, Choyke PL, Wood BJ, Pinto PA. Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; Molecular Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; Center for Interventional Oncology, National Cancer Institute & Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; Center for Interventional Oncology, National Cancer Institute & Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; e-mail: pintop@mail.nih.gov.J Urol. 2015 Jul;194(1):105-11. [Epub 2015 Jan 23]. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2015.01.072.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Eggener

    2017-03-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging detects extracapsular extension by prostate cancer with excellent specificity but low sensitivity. This limits surgical planning, which could be modified to account for focal extracapsular extension with image directed guidance for wider excision. In this study, we evaluate the performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in extracapsular extension detection and determine which preoperative variables predict extracapsular extension on final pathology when multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging predicts organ confined disease. From May 2007 to March 2014, 169 patients underwent pre-biopsy multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound fusion guided biopsy, extended sextant 12-core biopsy, and radical prostatectomy at our institution. A subset of 116 men had multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging negative for extracapsular extension and were included in the final analysis. The 116 men with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging negative for extracapsular extension had a median age of 61 years (IQR: 57-66) and a median prostate specific antigen of 5.51 ng/ml (IQR: 3.91-9.07). The prevalence of extracapsular extension was 23.1% in the overall population. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for extracapsular extension were 48.7%, 73.9%, and 35.9% and 82.8%, respectively. On multivariate regression analysis, only patient age (P = 0.002) and magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound fusion guided biopsy Gleason score (P = 0.032) were independent predictors of extracapsular extension on final radical prostatectomy pathology. Because of the low sensitivity of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for extracapsular extension, further tools are necessary to stratify men at risk for occult extracapsular extension that would otherwise only become apparent on final pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound fusion guided biopsy Gleason score can help identify which men with prostate cancer have extracapsular extension that may not be detectable by imaging. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Natural Leishmania (Viannia) spp. infections in phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Brazilian Amazon region reveal new putative transmission cycles of American cutaneous leishmaniasis.

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    de Souza, Adelson Alcimar Almeida; Dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos; Jennings, Yara Lúcia Lins; Ishikawa, Edna Aoba Yassui; Barata, Iorlando da Rocha; Silva, Maria das Graças Soares; Lima, José Aprígio Nunes; Shaw, Jeffrey; Lainson, Ralph; Silveira, Fernando Tobias

    2016-01-01

    In Amazonian Brazil the etiological agents of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) belong to at least seven Leishmania species but little is known about the putative phlebotomine sand fly vectors in different biomes. In 2002-2003 a survey of the phlebotomine fauna was undertaken in the "Floresta Nacional do Tapajós", Belterra municipality, in the lower Amazon region, western Pará State, Brazil, where we recently confirmed the presence of a putative hybrid parasite, L. (V.) guyanensis × L. (V.) shawi shawi. Sand flies were collected from Centers for Disease Control (CDC) light traps, Shannon traps and by aspiration on tree bases. Females were dissected and attempts to isolate any flagellate infections were made by inoculating homogenized midguts into Difco B(45) medium. Isolates were characterized by monoclonal antibodies and isoenzyme electrophoresis. A total of 9,704 sand flies, belonging to 68 species or subspecies, were collected. Infections were found in the following sand flies: L. (V.) naiffi with Psychodopygus hirsutus hirsutus (1) and Ps. davisi (2); and L. (V.) shawi shawi with Nyssomyia whitmani (3) and Lutzomyia gomezi (1). These results provide strong evidence of new putative transmission cycles for L. (V.) naiffi and L. (V.) s. shawi. © A.A.A. de Souza et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2016.

  2. Sandflies in an urban area of transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in midwest Brazil.

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    Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Oshiro, Elisa Teruya; Brilhante, Andreia Fernandes; Nunes, Vânia Lúcia Brandão; Cristaldo, Geucira; Lima Júnior, Manoel Sebastião Costa; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi

    2016-01-01

    The phlebotomine fauna of Campo Grande city, capital of Mato Grosso do Sul state in Brazil, an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis, has been thoroughly investigated, but all the insect collections were undertaken with automatic light traps. The present study sought to investigate the fauna in this city using Shannon and Disney traps, having human beings and hamsters, respectively, as bait. Both types of traps were installed in forest fragment and peridomiciliary areas in the period from 2007 to 2009. The phlebotomine females were analyzed by PCR for Leishmania identification. Lutzomyia longipalpis was the only species collected in the peridomiciles and rendered a total of 574 specimens with a 5.2:1 male:female ratio. A total of eight species were attracted to the two traps (one of each type) installed in the forest fragment, including: Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, Evandromyia bourrouli, Evandromyia lenti, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Nyssomyia whitmani, Pintomyia christenseni, Psathyromyia bigeniculata, and Sciopemyia sordellii. A total of 143 specimens were collected, Bi. flaviscutellata accounting for 81% and Lu. longipalpis for 1.4% of them. In one female of Lu. longipalpis collected in a Disney trap installed in a peridomicile, Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum DNA was found, thus strengthening the hypothesis that the transmission of leishmaniasis is in fact occurring in the anthropic environment. © M.E.C. Dorval et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2016.

  3. Species diversity of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) during different seasons and in different environments in the district of Taquaruçú, state of Tocantins, Brazil.

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    Machado, Tâmara Oliveira; Bragança, Marcos Antônio Lima; Carvalho, Muzenilha Lima; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando

    2012-11-01

    Phlebotomine sandflies are the vectors for the protozoan parasites that cause leishmaniasis. The present study investigated the species composition of sandfly fauna in the rural district of Taquaruçú, municipality of Palmas, state of Tocantins, Brazil and compared the diversity of species among intradomicile, peridomicile and forest environments during the dry and rainy seasons. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps over the course of three months during the dry and rainy seasons. A total of 767 specimens were captured, belonging to different 32 species. The most abundant species were Micropygomyia goiana (Martins, Falcão & Silva), Sciopemyia sordellii (Shannon & Del Ponte), Evandromyia carmelinoi (Ryan Fraiha, Lainson & Shaw), Evandromyia termitophila (Martins, Falcão & Silva), Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho) and Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva). The highest species diversity (30) and the greatest percentage of specimens (78.3%) were obtained during the rainy season. During the dry season, the species richness and abundance were greater in domestic environments. However, during the rainy season, the forest displayed the highest species richness and the domestic environment exhibited the greatest species abundance. Several important vector species are reported in this study.

  4. Sandfly frequency in a clean and well-organized rural environment in the state of Paraná, Brazil

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    Cristiane Machado de Oliveira Legriffon

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Sandflies caught in Santa Juliana Farm in Sarandi, State of Paraná, Brazil, were assessed in terms of their fauna, seasonality, and frequency in the homes and in shelters of domestic animals around the homes, as well as in the nearby forest. METHODS: In Santa Juliana Farm, there are no records of cases of ACL, differing from other relatively clean and organized areas where surveys of sandflies have been conducted in Paraná. Samples were collected with Falcão light traps, fortnightly from 22:00 to 02:00 hours, from November 2007 to November 2008. RESULTS: A total of 4,506 sandflies were captured, representing 13 species, predominantly Nyssomyia whitmani (71.8%. More sandflies were collected in the forest (52.6% than outside the forest (residences and pigsty (47.4%. However, Ny. whitmani was collected in greater numbers outside (38.3% than inside the forest (33.5%. Most sandflies were collected in the warmer months and during periods with regular rainfall. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that cleaning and organization around the houses could reduce sandfly population in peridomicile. Constructing shelters for animal at a distance of approximately 100m from domiciles is recommended to prevent the invasion of sandflies, as this farm has an area of preserved forest, with wild animals and sandflies present to maintain the enzootic cycle of Leishmania.

  5. [Vertical stratification of phlebotomine sandfly fauna (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a primary non-flooded forest of the Central Amazon, Amazonas State, Brazil].

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    Dias-Lima, Artur; Bermudez, Eloy Castellón; Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes de; Sherlock, Italo

    2002-01-01

    Studies on the vertical stratification of phlebotomine sandfly fauna were conducted in a non-flooded primary forest at a Tropical Forest Experimental Station of the National Institute of Amazonian Research from October 1998 to March 1999. CDC light traps were placed at one, 10, and 20 meters above ground. A total of 2,859 sandflies were captured, belonging to the Lutzomyia (99.93%) and Brumtomyia (0.07%) genera, represented by 38 species. In the Lutzomyia gender, the most frequent sub-gender was Nyssomyia (43.4%), followed by Psychodopygus (22.8%). Lutzomyia umbratilis, L. anduzei, L. rorotaensis, L. trichopyga, and L. olmeca nociva predominated at one meter above ground, while L. davisi, L. infraspinosa, L. umbratilis, L. trichopyga, and L. anduzei predominated at 10 meters. L. anduzei, L. tuberculata, L. dendrophyla, and L. dreisbachi were the most abundant species at 20 meters. L. umbratilis, which appeared at all three levels of vertical stratification, has great epidemic significance as a vector of Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis.

  6. Estratificação vertical da fauna de flebótomos (Diptera, Psychodidae numa floresta primária de terra firme da Amazônia Central, Estado do Amazonas, Brasil

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    Dias-Lima Artur

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre a estratificação vertical da fauna de flebótomos, foram realizados numa floresta primária de terra firme, da Estação Experimental de Silvicultura Tropical-Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, durante os meses de outubro de 1998 a março de 1999. Utilizando-se armadilhas luminosas CDC, colocadas a 1, 10 e 20 metros de altura do solo, foram coletados 2.859 flebótomos, pertencentes a dois gêneros, Lutzomyia (99,93 % e Brumtomyia (0,07%, abrangendo 38 espécies. Dentro do gênero Lutzomyia, os sub-gêneros mais representados foram Nyssomyia, com 43,4%, e Psychodopygus com 22,8%. As espécies Lutzomyia umbratilis, L. anduzei, L. rorotaensis, L. trichopyga e L. olmeca nociva, foram dominantes a 1m de altura, enquanto que L. davisi, L. infraspinosa, L. umbratilis, L. trichopyga e L. anduzei, foram dominantes a 10m. As espécies L. anduzei, L. tuberculata, L. dendrophyla e L. dreisbachi foram mais abundantes a 20m. L. umbratilis, presente nos três níveis de estratificação vertical, é dotada de alta importância epidemiológica como vetora da Leishmania (Viannia guyanensis.

  7. Phlebotomine fauna in the Ponta Porã city: epidemiological importance in border line between Brazil and Paraguay

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    Ana Rachel Oliveira de Andrade

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the urban phlebotomine sandfly fauna in Ponta Por觔, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Methods: The captures were undertaken from April 2009 to March 2010 with CDC light traps in 14 ecotopes (intra and peridomicile in different areas of the city, Shannon traps being used in areas with abundant vegetation. Results: A total of 707 specimens were captured with CDC light traps (565 males and 142 females and 155 specimens (112 males and 43 females with Shannon traps, a total of 862 phlebotomines. The specimens captured belonged to eight species: Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912, Evandromyia cortelezzii (Brethes, 1923, Sciopemyia sordelli (Shannon & Del Ponte, 1927, Pintomyia pessoai (Coutinho & Barretto, 1940; Pintomyia monticola (Costa Lima, 1932; Brumptomyia brumpti (Larousse, 1920; Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1 939 and Psathyromyia shannoni (Dyar, 1 929. Lutzomyia longipalpis, the main vector of Leishmania (Leishmania chagasi, was the species most frequently captured (97.03% and also the most abundant according to the standardized abundance index (SAI=0.86. Conclusions: The highest species richness was captured, with CDC light traps, inside the domiciles and the species diversity and evenness in the peridomicile, clearly indicating a preference for anthropic environments.

  8. Controle de flebotomíneos com DDT, em àrea endêmica de leishmaniose tegumentar no estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil

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    Ueslei Teodoro

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of DDT insecticide used to sand flies control in domiciles and domestic animal shelters in an endemic area of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Collections of sand flies were made with Falcão traps in houses, in one pigsty and in one tree in Jussara Farm, municipality of Jussara, State of Paraná, Brazil, between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m. during 7 days from March 24 to April 1, 1992. In May, 1992 DDT insecticide (Dicloro Difenil Tricloro Etano (1 g/square meter of area was applied internally and externally on houses and in pigsty. After this, new collections of sand flies were made from July 1992 to February 1993, once a month, with Falcão traps installed in the same hour and conditions mentioned above. Before DDT insecticide application 12,960 sand flies were collected (Hourly Average=463 and it was observed the prevalence (61,8%. of Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939 After the DDT application only 589 sand flies were collected (Hourly Average=18,4 and also L. whitmani predominated again (90,8%. The decrease of sand flies number after the DDT insecticide application in domiciles and in pigsty prove that this measure can help cutaneous leishmaniasis control in Northern Paraná.

  9. Bloodmeal Identification in Field-Collected Sand Flies From Casa Branca, Brazil, Using the Cytochrome b PCR Method.

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    Carvalho, G M L; Rêgo, F D; Tanure, A; Silva, A C P; Dias, T A; Paz, G F; Andrade Filho, J D

    2017-07-01

    PCR-based identification of vertebrate host bloodmeals has been performed on several vectors species with success. In the present study, we used a previously published PCR protocol followed by DNA sequencing based on primers designed from multiple alignments of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene used to identify avian and mammalian hosts of various hematophagous vectors. The amplification of a fragment encoding a 359 bp sequence of the Cyt b gene yielded recognized amplification products in 192 female sand flies (53%), from a total of 362 females analyzed. In the study area of Casa Branca, Brazil, blood-engorged female sand flies such as Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912), Migonemyia migonei (França, 1924), and Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939) were analyzed for bloodmeal sources. The PCR-based method identified human, dog, chicken, and domestic rat blood sources. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. An Evaluation of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Traps at Capturing Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a Livestock Area in Brazil.

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    Silva, F S; da Silva, A A; Rebêlo, J M M

    2016-05-01

    A study to evaluate the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as an attractant for phlebotomine sand flies at two animal pens in a livestock area in Brazil was performed. Light-suction traps were operated overnight with the following light sources: green, blue, and incandescent (control) lights. In total, 22 individual collections were made at each site and 44 with each trap type. In total, 2,542 specimens belonging to 14 phlebotomine species were collected. The most abundant species in the light traps were Nyssomyia whitmani, Evandromyia evandroi, Micropygomyia goiana, Lutzomyia longipalpis, and Bichromomyia flaviscutellata Taking the two sites together, the green-LED light was the most attractive, followed by the blue and incandescent lights, and the difference between the green-LED and the control was statistically significant. Most species were green-biased at both sites, but some species-specific differences were observed. However, even with these differences, the standard incandescent light was outcompeted by LEDs. The green-LED-biased response observed in the present study, together with numerous advantages in favor of LEDs, suggests that the green-LED light source can be used as an effective substitute for the currently used incandescent bulb in monitoring traps for phlebotomine sand flies in Brazil. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a Hydroelectric System Affected Area from Northern Amazonian Brazil: Further Insights into the Effects of Environmental Changes on Vector Ecology.

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    Furtado, Nercy Virginia Rabelo; Galardo, Allan Kardec Ribeiro; Galardo, Clicia Denis; Firmino, Viviane Caetano; Vasconcelos Dos Santos, Thiago

    2016-01-01

    During 2012-2015, an entomological survey was conducted as part of a phlebotomine (Diptera: Psychodidae) monitoring program in an area influenced by the Santo Antônio do Jari hydroelectric system (Amapá State, Brazil). The purpose was to study aspects of Amazon/Guianan American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) vectors subjected to stresses by anthropogenic environmental changes. For sampling, CDC light traps were positioned 0.5, 1, and 20 m above ground at five capture locations along the Jari River Basin. Fluctuations in phlebotomine numbers were analyzed to determine any correlation with rainfall, dam waterlogging, and/or ACL cases, from May 2012 to March 2015. We captured 2,800 individuals, and among 45 species identified, Bichromomyia flaviscutellata , Nyssomyia umbratilis , and Psychodopygus squamiventris s.l. were determined to be the main putative vectors, based on current knowledge of the Amazon/Guianan ACL scenario. Rainfall, but not complete flooding, was relatively correlated with phlebotomine fluctuation, mainly observed for Ps. squamiventris s.l. , as were ACL cases with Ny. umbratilis. Behavioral changes were observed in the unexpected high frequency of Bi. flaviscutellata among CDC captures and the noncanopy dominance of Ny. umbratilis , possibly attributable to environmental stress in the sampled ecotopes. Continuous entomological surveillance is necessary to monitor the outcomes of these findings.

  12. Phlebotominae sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae): potential vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in the area associated with the Santo Antônio Hydroelectric System in Western Amazonian Brazil.

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    Galardo, Allan Kardec Ribeiro; Galardo, Clícia Denis; Silveira, Guilherme Abbad; Ribeiro, Kaio Augusto Nabas; Hijjar, Andréa Valadão; Oliveira, Liliane Leite; Dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos

    2015-01-01

    An entomological study was conducted as part of a vector-monitoring program in the area associated with the Santo Antônio hydroelectric system in State of Rondônia, Western Amazonian Brazil. Fourteen sampling sites were surveyed to obtain data on the potential vectors of Leishmania spp. in the area. Sand flies were collected from 2011 to 2014 during the months of January/February (rainy season), May/June (dry season), and September/October (intermediary season) using light traps arranged in three vertical strata (0.5, 1, and 20m). A total of 7,575 individuals belonging to 62 species/subspecies were collected. The five most frequently collected sand flies were Psychodopygus davisi (Root) (36.67%), Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis (Mangabeira) (8.51%), Nyssomyia umbratilis (Ward & Fraiha) (6.14%), Bichromomyia flaviscutellata (Mangabeira) (5.74%), and Psychodopygus complexus (Mangabeira) (5.25%). These species have been implicated in the transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in the Brazilian Amazon region and described as potential vectors of this disease in the study area. Additional surveillance is needed, especially in areas where these five species of sand fly are found.

  13. Blood-meal identification in phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Valle Hermoso, a high prevalence zone for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ecuador.

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    Anaguano, David F; Ponce, Patricio; Baldeón, Manuel E; Santander, Stephanie; Cevallos, Varsovia

    2015-12-01

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies of the genus Lutzomyia. In South America, cutaneous leishmaniasis is endemic in the majority of countries. There are no previous reports of phlebotomine sand fly host feeding sources in Ecuador. We identified blood meal sources for phlebotomine sand fly species in Valle Hermoso, a hyper endemic area for leishmaniasis in Ecuador. Phlebotomine sand fly collections were carried out during the dry and rainy seasons. PCR and multiplex PCR were performed from DNA extracted from the abdomens of blood-fed females to specifically identify the avian and mammalian blood meal sources. Avian-blood (77%), mammalian-blood (16%) and mixed avian-mammalian blood (7%) were found in the samples. At the species level, blood from chickens (35.5%), humans (2.8%), cows (2.8%) and dogs (1.9%) was specifically detected. Nyssomyia trapidoi was the most common species of Lutzomyia found that fed on birds. The present results may aid the development of effective strategies to control leishmaniasis in Ecuador. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Epidemiological study on leishmaniasis in an area of environmental tourism and ecotourism, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, 2006-2007.

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    Andrade, Ana Rachel Oliveira de; Nunes, Vânia Lúcia Brandão; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; de Arruda, Carla Cardozo Pinto; Santos, Mirella Ferreira da Cunha; Rocca, Maria Elizabeth Gizi; Aquino, Ricardo Braga

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study were to carry out a serological survey of canine leishmaniasis and identify the phlebotomine fauna in the urban area of Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul. The serological survey was conducted on a sample of 303 dogs, by means of the indirect immunofluorescence test. Phlebotomines were captured using automated light traps. The serological survey found that 30% of the dogs were seropositive, both from the center and from all districts of the town. A total of 2,772 specimens of phlebotomines were caught and the species most found was Lutzomyia longipalpis (90.4%), which corroborated its role as the vector of for canine visceral leishmaniasis in the region. Phlebotomines of the species Bichromomyia flaviscutellata (the main vector for Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis) and Nyssomyia whitmani (the vector for Leishmania (Viannia) brasiliensis) were also caught. The findings indicate the need for continuous epidemiological surveillance, with attention towards diminishing the vector breeding sites and the transmission of these diseases in that region.

  15. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF PHLEBOTOMINAE IN PUERTO IGUAZU-MISIONES, ARGENTINA-BRAZIL-PARAGUAY BORDER AREA

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    Maria Soledad Santini

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY The first Argentinian autochthonous human case of visceral leishmaniasis (VL was confirmed in Posadas (Misiones in 2006. Since then, the disease has increased its incidence and geographical distribution. In the 2006-2012 period, 107 human cases were detected (11 deaths. The presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis was detected in peridomiciles in Puerto Iguazú urban area in 2010; some of these findings were associated with households where cases of canine VL had already been reported. The objective of this study was to ascertain the abundance and spatial distribution of Lu. longipalpis in Puerto Iguazú City, on the Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay border. Lu. longipalpis proved to be exclusively urban and was found in 31% of the households sampled (n = 53, 67% of which belonged to areas of low abundance, 20% to areas of moderate abundance and 13% to areas of high abundance. Nyssomyia whitmani was the only species found both in urban and peri-urban environments, and Migonemyia migonei was registered only on the outskirts of the city. Due to the fact that Puerto Iguazú is considered to be at moderate risk at the moment, it is necessary to intensify human and canine case controls, as well as take integrated prevention and control measures regarding the environment, vectors and reservoirs on the Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay border area.

  16. Observations on the feeding habits of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in Campo Grande, an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    de Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez; Marassá, Ana Maria; Consales, Cleide Aschenbrenner; Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Fernandes, Carlos Eurico; de Oliveira, Gilliard Rezende; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi

    2008-09-01

    Sand flies were captured weekly with CDC light traps from December 2003 to November 2005 in three areas of Campo Grande, in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. These areas incorporated two patches of remnant forest and five houses. The blood meals of engorged female sand flies were identified using the avidin-biotin system of immunoenzymatic ELISA capture. Most (327/355) of the females analysed were Lutzomyia longipalpis, of which 66.4% reacted with human blood, 64.8% with that of birds and 8.9% with that of dogs. Females that had taken human blood predominated in the residential areas and two forest patches. The following combinations of blood were also detected for L. longipalpis in some of the samples analysed: bird+human (43.4%), bird+human+dog (6.1%). The combination bird+human+dog+pig was also found for Nyssomyia whitmani. Dogs and pigs appear to have little attractiveness for L. longipalpis. The results obtained demonstrate the eclecticism and high anthropophily of L. longipalpis and raise new questions with regard to the importance of dogs in VL epidemiology and the possible role of man as a source of infection for sand flies.

  17. Geographic distribution of phlebotomine sandfly species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Central-West Brazil

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    de Almeida, Paulo Silva; de Andrade, Andrey José; Sciamarelli, Alan; Raizer, Josué; Menegatti, Jaqueline Aparecida; Hermes, Sandra Cristina Negreli Moreira; de Carvalho, Maria do Socorro Laurentino; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo

    2015-01-01

    This study updates the geographic distributions of phlebotomine species in Central-West Brazil and analyses the climatic factors associated with their occurrence. The data were obtained from the entomology services of the state departments of health in Central-West Brazil, scientific collections and a literature review of articles from 1962-2014. Ecological niche models were produced for sandfly species with more than 20 occurrences using the Maxent algorithm and eight climate variables. In all, 2,803 phlebotomine records for 127 species were analysed. Nyssomyia whitmani, Evandromyia lenti and Lutzomyia longipalpis were the species with the greatest number of records and were present in all the biomes in Central-West Brazil. The models, which were produced for 34 species, indicated that the Cerrado areas in the central and western regions of Central-West Brazil were climatically more suitable to sandflies. The variables with the greatest influence on the models were the temperature in the coldest months and the temperature seasonality. The results show that phlebotomine species in Central-West Brazil have different geographical distribution patterns and that climate conditions in essentially the entire region favour the occurrence of at least one Leishmania vector species, highlighting the need to maintain or intensify vector control and surveillance strategies. PMID:26018450

  18. The sandfly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae of the Parque Estadual da Serra da Tiririca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    Andressa Alencastre Fuzari Rodrigues

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL in the state of Rio de Janeiro is sporadic and can be characterised as a peridomestic transmission that occurs in modified natural environments. The aim of this work was to study the fauna and ecological characteristics of sandflies in an environmentally protected area (the State Park of Serra da Tiririca within the remnants of the Atlantic Forest in the municipalities of Niterói and Maricá and their possible relationship with leishmaniasis. Captures were performed using light traps during the night once a month for one year in both sylvatic environments and areas surrounding homes near the park. A total of 1,037 sandflies were captured, belonging to nine genera and 12 species: Evandromyia tupynambai (34.1%, Migonemyia migonei (20.6%, Brumptomyia cunhai (13.8%, Micropygomyia schreiberi (9.7%, Psathyromyia lanei (6.5%, Brumptomyia nitzulescui (5.7%, Evandromyia edwardsi (5.4%, Nyssomyia intermedia (2.8%, Evandromyia cortelezzii (0.6%, Pintomyia bianchigalatiae (0.5%, Lutzomyia longipalpis (0.2% and Sciopemyia microps (0.1%. Both Mg. migonei and Ny. intermedia may be acting as vectors of CL in this area.

  19. Study of sand fly fauna in an endemic area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis and canine visceral leishmaniasis in the municipality of Espírito Santo do Pinhal, São Paulo, Brazil.

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    Colla-Jacques, Fernanda Elisa; Casanova, Cláudio; Prado, Angelo Pires do

    2010-03-01

    Canine American visceral leishmaniasis and American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) cases have been recorded in Espírito Santo do Pinhal. The aim of this study was to gather knowledge of the sand fly community and its population ecology within the municipality. Captures were made weekly over a period of 15 months in the urban, periurban and rural areas of the municipality, using automatic light traps. A total of 5,562 sand flies were collected, comprising 17 species. The most abundant species were Nyssomyia whitmani and Pintomyia pessoai in the rural area, Lutzomyia longipalpis and Ny. whitmani in the periurban area and Lu. longipalpis in the urban area. The highest species richness and greatest index species diversity were found in the rural area. The similarity index showed that urban and periurban areas were most alike. Lu. longipalpis was found in great numbers during both dry and humid periods. The presence of dogs infected with Leishmania infantum chagasi in the urban area indicates a high risk for the establishment of the disease in the region. A high abundance of Ny. whitmani and Pi. pessoai in the rural and periurban areas indicates the possibility of new cases of ACL occurring in and spreading to the periurban area of Espírito Santo do Pinhal.

  20. Natural Leishmania (Viannia) spp. infections in phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Brazilian Amazon region reveal new putative transmission cycles of American cutaneous leishmaniasis

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    de Souza, Adelson Alcimar Almeida; dos Santos, Thiago Vasconcelos; Jennings, Yara Lúcia Lins; Ishikawa, Edna Aoba Yassui; Barata, Iorlando da Rocha; Silva, Maria das Graças Soares; Lima, José Aprígio Nunes; Shaw, Jeffrey; Lainson, Ralph; Silveira, Fernando Tobias

    2016-01-01

    In Amazonian Brazil the etiological agents of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) belong to at least seven Leishmania species but little is known about the putative phlebotomine sand fly vectors in different biomes. In 2002–2003 a survey of the phlebotomine fauna was undertaken in the “Floresta Nacional do Tapajós”, Belterra municipality, in the lower Amazon region, western Pará State, Brazil, where we recently confirmed the presence of a putative hybrid parasite, L. (V.) guyanensis × L. (V.) shawi shawi. Sand flies were collected from Centers for Disease Control (CDC) light traps, Shannon traps and by aspiration on tree bases. Females were dissected and attempts to isolate any flagellate infections were made by inoculating homogenized midguts into Difco B45 medium. Isolates were characterized by monoclonal antibodies and isoenzyme electrophoresis. A total of 9,704 sand flies, belonging to 68 species or subspecies, were collected. Infections were found in the following sand flies: L. (V.) naiffi with Psychodopygus hirsutus hirsutus (1) and Ps. davisi (2); and L. (V.) shawi shawi with Nyssomyia whitmani (3) and Lutzomyia gomezi (1). These results provide strong evidence of new putative transmission cycles for L. (V.) naiffi and L. (V.) s. shawi. PMID:27235194

  1. Assessment of the role of small mammals in the transmission cycle of tegumentary leishmaniasis and first report of natural infection with Leishmania braziliensis in two sigmodontines in northeastern Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, María S; Fraschina, Jimena; Acardi, Soraya; Liotta, Domingo J; Lestani, Eduardo; Giuliani, Magalí; Busch, María; Salomón, O Daniel

    2018-02-01

    To contribute to the knowledge of the role of small mammals in the transmission cycle of tegumentary leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis, we studied the small mammal community and its temporal and spatial association with phlebotominae, as well as small mammal infection by Leishmania spp. by PCR-RFLP analyses in an endemic area of northeastern Argentina. Ten small mammal samplings were conducted (2007-2009, 7506 Sherman trap nights and 422 cage trap nights). In two of these samplings, 16 capture stations each one consisting of a CDC light trap to capture phlebotominae, two to four Sherman traps and two cage traps were placed. We found co-occurrence of phlebotominae and small mammal captures in four stations, which were all the stations with small mammal captures and yielded 97% (2295 specimens, including 21 gravid females) of the total phlebotominae captures, suggesting that small mammals may provide a potential source of blood for phlebotominae females. One Didelphis albiventris and two Rattus rattus were associated with high captures of Nyssomyia whitmani, vector of L. braziliensis in the study area. The PCR-RFLP analyses confirm the presence of L. braziliensis in two sigmodontine small mammals (Akodon sp. and Euryoryzomys russatus) for the first time in Argentina, to our knowledge.

  2. Phlebotominae sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: potential vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in the area associated with the Santo Antônio Hydroelectric System in Western Amazonian Brazil

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    Allan Kardec Ribeiro Galardo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An entomological study was conducted as part of a vector-monitoring program in the area associated with the Santo Antônio hydroelectric system in State of Rondônia, Western Amazonian Brazil. METHODS: Fourteen sampling sites were surveyed to obtain data on the potential vectors of Leishmania spp. in the area. Sand flies were collected from 2011 to 2014 during the months of January/February (rainy season, May/June (dry season, and September/October (intermediary season using light traps arranged in three vertical strata (0.5, 1, and 20m. RESULTS : A total of 7,575 individuals belonging to 62 species/subspecies were collected. The five most frequently collected sand flies were Psychodopygus davisi (Root (36.67%, Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis (Mangabeira (8.51%, Nyssomyia umbratilis (Ward & Fraiha (6.14%, Bichromomyia flaviscutellata (Mangabeira (5.74%, and Psychodopygus complexus (Mangabeira (5.25%. These species have been implicated in the transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in the Brazilian Amazon region and described as potential vectors of this disease in the study area. CONCLUSIONS: Additional surveillance is needed, especially in areas where these five species of sand fly are found.

  3. Leishmaniosis tegumentaria en Las Lomitas, Provincia de Formosa, Argentina, 1992-2001 Leishmaniasis in Las Lomitas, Province of Formosa, Argentina, 1992-2001

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    O. D. Salomón

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1992 y el 2001 el hospital de Las Lomitas notificó 85 casos de leishmaniosis tegumentaria, 72.9% en hombres, 91.8% en mayores de 10 años, y el 10.5% con manifestación mucosa. La presentación clínica más frecuente fue la úlcera simple en miembros inferiores. Las características epidemiológicas y clínicas fueron compatibles con la infección debida a Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. La distribución anual de aparición de lesiones fue bimodal, la abundancia mostró asociación con el caudal del río Bermejo y la precipitación pluvial del año anterior. La intradermorreacción y la anamnesis sugieren como principal actividad de riesgo la pesca en el río. Se colectaron 1018 Phlebotominae, Lutzomyia neivai (97.1%, L. migonei (2.3% y L. cortelezzii (0.6%, la proporción peridomicilio/bosque en galería del río Bermejo fue 1/9, en composición semejante a las poblaciones del mismo río en la provincia de Salta. El incremento de casos observado desde 1992, la ejecución de obras de desarrollo que implican cambios ambientales, y la potencialidad de instalación de un ciclo periurbano vuelven necesario implementar un programa de vigilancia activa entomológica y de casos en el área chaqueña.Las Lomitas Hospital reported 85 cases of tegumentary leishmaniasis between 1992 and 2001. The cases were males (72.9%, 91.8% older than 10 years, 10.5% presented mucosae involvement. A single ulcer on lower limbs was the most frequent manifestation. The epidemiological and clinical patterns were consistent with the infection due to Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. The annual distribution of ulcers onset was bimodal, the frequency of cases had a significant association with the Bermejo river volume, and the rainfall of the previous year. Intradermoreaction and recalling questions suggested that fishing in the river was the main risk activity. Among 1018 Phlebotominae collected, 97.1% were Lutzomyia neivai, 2.3% L. migonei and 0.6% L. cortelezzii

  4. Urban malaria transmission in Buenaventura, Colombia: entomologic aspects Transmisión de la malaria urbana en Buenaventura, Colombia: aspectos entomológicos

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    Víctor Olano

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the number of cases of urban malaria in Buenaventura, Colombia, has increased, rising from 576 in 1987 to 3296 in 1991 and 2017 in 1992. For this reason, an epidemiologic study to identify malaria transmission patterns was carried out in this municipality on Colombia’s Pacific coast. This article describes the entomologic findings regarding the vectors, their breeding sites, and the behavior of Anopheles species during the period from June 1993 to May 1994. Of the 469 potential breeding sites identified in the urban area, 28 were positive for anophelines, while in neighboring zones 20 out of 80 potential breeding sites were positive for the immature forms of these mosquitoes. Mining excavations, lakes, and commercial fish and crayfish rearing ponds were the places where A. albimanus was most frequently found. For A. nuñeztovari, the breeding sites were rain puddles and aquiculture ponds. A. neivai larvae were collected from bromeliads. Mosquitoes were collected both inside and outside houses, and 90% of the collected mosquitoes were identified as A. albimanus. Of the female A. albimanus, 54.8% were parous. This species was found to have peak peridomiciliary activity between 6 p.m. and 10 p.m. The highest biting rate outside houses was 7.1 bites per person-hour and was observed during March. It is hoped that this entomologic information will permit the launching of a strong community participation process and the implementation of control measures that are guided by these results.En los últimos años, el número de casos de malaria urbana en Buenaventura, Colombia, ha aumentado de 576 en 1987 a 3296 en 1991 y 2017 en 1992, por lo que se desarrolló un estudio epidemiológico para identificar patrones de transmisión de la malaria en este municipio del litoral pacífico colombiano. Se describen los hallazgos entomológicos en relación con los vectores, los criaderos y el comportamiento de las especies de Anopheles durante el

  5. Phlebotominae: Vectores de Leishmaniasis en las provincias de Santa Fe y Entre Ríos, Argentina Phlebotominae: vectors of leishmaniasis in the provinces of Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, Argentina

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    Oscar D. Salomón

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available La transmisión de leishmaniasis tegumentaria (LT se incrementó desde 1985 en 9 provincias argentinas. Santa Fe y Entre Ríos en dicho período no notificaron casos de transmisión autóctona comprobada, sin embargo en el año 2003 ocurrió un brote epidémico en Bella Vista, Corrientes, localidad que se encuentra en un área con continuidad ecológica y contigüidad geográfica con ambas provincias. Por ello, para determinar el riesgo potencial de transmisión de LT en las áreas próximas y al sur de Bella Vista se realizaron capturas de Phlebotominae en febrero del 2004, colectándose sobre las márgenes del río Paraná en Santa Fe (El Rabón, Villa Ocampo, Cayastá y en Entre Ríos (La Paz, La Celina-Villa Urquiza 860 ejemplares de Lutzomyia neivai (99.5% y Lu. migonei (0.5 %, ambas especies con capacidad vectorial para Leishmania (V. braziliensis. En Tartagal, Santa Fe, las capturas fueron consistentes con el paisaje de «chaco» residual: 7 ejemplares de Lu. nerivai, Lu. migonei y Lu. cortelezzii. Se destaca el riesgo potencial de transmisión epidémica de LT en estas provincias, especialmente por la tropicalización progresiva hacia el sur de la selva en galeria paranaense. Se recomiendan actividades de vigilancia clínica y vectorial.The transmission of tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL has increased in 9 provinces of Argentina since 1985. Santa Fe and Entre Ríos did not record in this period autochtonous probed cases: however, an epidemic outbreak took place in 2003 in Bella Vista, Corrientes, located in an area with ecological continuity and contiguous to both provinces. In order to evaluate the potential risk of transmission of LT, Phlebotominae were captured at locations close to and southern from Bella Vista during February 2004. The traps located on the shores of Parana river in Santa Fe (El Rabón, Villa Ocampo, Cayastá, and Entre Ríos (La Paz. La Celina-Villa Urquiza captured 860 individuals of Lutzomyia neivai (99.5% and Lu

  6. Leishmaniosis tegumentaria en Las Lomitas, Provincia de Formosa, Argentina, 1992-2001

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    O. D. Salomón

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1992 y el 2001 el hospital de Las Lomitas notificó 85 casos de leishmaniosis tegumentaria, 72.9% en hombres, 91.8% en mayores de 10 años, y el 10.5% con manifestación mucosa. La presentación clínica más frecuente fue la úlcera simple en miembros inferiores. Las características epidemiológicas y clínicas fueron compatibles con la infección debida a Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. La distribución anual de aparición de lesiones fue bimodal, la abundancia mostró asociación con el caudal del río Bermejo y la precipitación pluvial del año anterior. La intradermorreacción y la anamnesis sugieren como principal actividad de riesgo la pesca en el río. Se colectaron 1018 Phlebotominae, Lutzomyia neivai (97.1%, L. migonei (2.3% y L. cortelezzii (0.6%, la proporción peridomicilio/bosque en galería del río Bermejo fue 1/9, en composición semejante a las poblaciones del mismo río en la provincia de Salta. El incremento de casos observado desde 1992, la ejecución de obras de desarrollo que implican cambios ambientales, y la potencialidad de instalación de un ciclo periurbano vuelven necesario implementar un programa de vigilancia activa entomológica y de casos en el área chaqueña.

  7. Microsporidia parásitos de larvas de mosquito de la Costa Pacífica del Chocó

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    Zuluaga Juan S.

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Two genera of Microsporidia were found infecting mosquito larvae in three localities on the Pacific coast of Choco. Vavraia sp. (Microsporida: Pleistophoridae was found in larvae of Wyeomyia circumcincta, W. simmsi and Anopheles albimanus collected from plants of the Bromeliacea family in Arusí y Joví. Amblyospora sp. (Microsporida: Amblyosporidae was found parasitizingAedes angustivittatuslarvae COllectedfrom a terrestrial breeding pond in the locality of Nuqur. Morphology of the spores of the two parasites under light microscopy is described, as well as preliminary data on host range when exposed to laboratory rearad Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus and Anopheles albimanus. Their rola in mosquito control is discussed.Se reportan dos géneros de microsporidia que parasitan larvas de mosquitos en criaderos naturales de tres localidades en la costa Pacffica Chocoana. Vavraia sp. (Microsporida: Pleistophoridae parásita larvas de Wyeomyia circumcincta, de Wyeomya simmsi y de Anopheles neivai, recolectadas en las rosetas de especies de la familia Bromeliaceae en las localidades de Arusí y Joví. Amblyospora sp. (Microsporida: Amblyosporidae parásita larvas deAedes angustivittatusde criaderos terrestres semipermanentes en la localidad de Nuquí. Se describe la morfología de estos dos microsporidia al microscopio óptico. Estudios preliminares de infección en larvas de Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus yAnopheles albimanus, criadas en laboratorio, indican que Vavraia sp. infecta las tres especies, con preferencia a Culex quinquefasciatus. Las larvas expuestas a esporas de Amblyospora sp. no presentaron infección. Se discute el posible papel de estos dos géneros en el control de las poblaciones de mosquitos.

  8. Human biting activity, spatial-temporal distribution and malaria vector role of Anopheles calderoni in the southwest of Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orjuela, Lorena I; Ahumada, Martha L; Avila, Ivonni; Herrera, Sócrates; Beier, John C; Quiñones, Martha L

    2015-06-24

    Anopheles calderoni was first recognized in Colombia in 2010 as this species had been misidentified as Anopheles punctimacula due to morphological similarities. An. calderoni is considered a malaria vector in Peru and has been found naturally infected with Plasmodium falciparum in Colombia. However, its biting behaviour, population dynamics and epidemiological importance have not been well described for Colombia. To assess the contribution of An. calderoni to malaria transmission and its human biting behaviour and spatial/temporal distribution in the southwest of Colombia, human landing catches (HLC) and larval collections were carried out in a cross-sectional, entomological study in 22 localities between 2011 and 2012, and a longitudinal study was performed in the Boca de Prieta locality in Olaya Herrera municipality between July 2012 and June 2013. All mosquitoes determined as An. calderoni were tested by ELISA to establish infection with Plasmodium spp. Larvae of An. calderoni were found in four localities in 12 out of 244 breeding sites inspected. An. calderoni adults were collected in 14 out of 22 localities during the cross-sectional study and represented 41.3% (459 of 1,111) of the collected adult specimens. Other species found were Anopheles albimanus (54.7%), Anopheles apicimacula (2.1%), Anopheles neivai (1.7%), and Anopheles argyritarsis (0.2%). In the localities that reported the highest malaria Annual Parasite Index (>10/1,000 inhabitants) during the year of sampling, An. calderoni was the predominant species (>90% of the specimens collected). In the longitudinal study, 1,528 An. calderoni were collected by HLC with highest biting rates in February, May and June 2013, periods of high precipitation. In general, the species showed a preference to bite outdoors (p bites/human/year. This study shows that An. calderoni is a primary malaria vector in the southwest of Colombia. Its observed preference for outdoor biting is a major challenge for malaria

  9. Perceptions of flatulence from bean consumption among adults in 3 feeding studies

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    Winham Donna M

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many consumers avoid eating beans because they believe legume consumption will cause excessive intestinal gas or flatulence. An increasing body of research and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans supports the benefits of a plant-based diet, and legumes specifically, in the reduction of chronic disease risks. The purpose of the current research was to investigate the perception of increased flatulence and gastrointestinal discomfort among participants who consumed a ½ cup of beans daily for 8 or 12 weeks. Methods Participants in three studies to test the effects of beans on heart disease biomarkers completed the same weekly questionnaire to assess gastrointestinal discomfort issues such as increased flatulence, stool changes, and bloating. Studies 1 and 2 were randomized crossover trials. Participants consumed ½ cup of pinto beans, black-eyed peas, and canned carrots as control (n = 17 in Study 1 for three randomized 8-week phases. For Study 2, participants ate ½ cup baked beans or canned carrots as control (n = 29 for two randomized 8-week phases. Study 3 was a parallel arm trial with 40 subjects receiving ½ cup pinto beans and 40 consuming a control soup for 12 weeks. Changes in the frequency of perceived flatulence, stool characteristics, and bloating were the primary outcome measures. Chi-square distributions were examined for the presence or absence of symptoms and demographic characteristics to determine differences by gender, age, body mass index (BMI, and bean type. Results Less than 50% reported increased flatulence from eating pinto or baked beans during the first week of each trial, but only 19% had a flatulence increase with black-eyed peas. A small percentage (3-11% reported increased flatulence across the three studies even on control diets without flatulence-producing components. Conclusions People's concerns about excessive flatulence from eating beans may be exaggerated. Public health nutritionists

  10. Perceptions of flatulence from bean consumption among adults in 3 feeding studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winham, Donna M; Hutchins, Andrea M

    2011-11-21

    Many consumers avoid eating beans because they believe legume consumption will cause excessive intestinal gas or flatulence. An increasing body of research and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans supports the benefits of a plant-based diet, and legumes specifically, in the reduction of chronic disease risks. The purpose of the current research was to investigate the perception of increased flatulence and gastrointestinal discomfort among participants who consumed a ½ cup of beans daily for 8 or 12 weeks. Participants in three studies to test the effects of beans on heart disease biomarkers completed the same weekly questionnaire to assess gastrointestinal discomfort issues such as increased flatulence, stool changes, and bloating. Studies 1 and 2 were randomized crossover trials. Participants consumed ½ cup of pinto beans, black-eyed peas, and canned carrots as control (n = 17) in Study 1 for three randomized 8-week phases. For Study 2, participants ate ½ cup baked beans or canned carrots as control (n = 29) for two randomized 8-week phases. Study 3 was a parallel arm trial with 40 subjects receiving ½ cup pinto beans and 40 consuming a control soup for 12 weeks. Changes in the frequency of perceived flatulence, stool characteristics, and bloating were the primary outcome measures. Chi-square distributions were examined for the presence or absence of symptoms and demographic characteristics to determine differences by gender, age, body mass index (BMI), and bean type. Less than 50% reported increased flatulence from eating pinto or baked beans during the first week of each trial, but only 19% had a flatulence increase with black-eyed peas. A small percentage (3-11%) reported increased flatulence across the three studies even on control diets without flatulence-producing components. People's concerns about excessive flatulence from eating beans may be exaggerated. Public health nutritionists should address the potential for gastrointestinal discomfort when

  11. ARGUMENTAÇÃO NA LINGUÍSTICA DOS GÊNEROS: ESPECIFICIDADES TEÓRICO-METODOLÓGICAS / Argumentation in linguistics of genres: theoretical and methodological specificities

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    Rosalice Pinto

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo, perspectivado no quadro teórico de uma linguística dos gêneros (RASTIER, 2001, mas com contribuições teóricas de abordagens textual-discursivas – Adam (2008, Amossy (2012, Maingueneau (2004 – visa a estudar de que forma fatores contextuais (prática social, lugar de circulação, agente de produção, público-alvo, objetivo e suporte, de caráter genérico, podem vir a influenciar a materialidade argumentativa multimodal, de alguns gêneros persuasivos – Pinto (2011. Seguindo uma metodologia descendente de análise (BRONCKART, 1999, objetiva-se aqui atestar que as escolhas argumentativas perpetradas pelo agente produtor são condicionadas por aspectos genéricos diversos (PINTO, 2010; 2011. Para fins demostrativos, este estudo se centra na análise de um exemplar de outdoor político produzido em Portugal. Estudos preliminares confirmam a correlação entre coerções contextuais impostas pelo gênero e a seleção de recursos textuais. Especialmente, no caso deste exemplar prototípico, o lugar de circulação e a finalidade do próprio texto coíbem fortemente a construção argumentativa multimodal do gênero outdoor político. Palavras-chave: Argumentação, Linguística dos gêneros, Multimodalidade. ABSTRACT This paper, based on the perspective of Linguistics of genres with the theoretical contributions of some textual-discursive approaches Adam (2008, Amossy (2012, Maingueneau (2004 aims at verifying that contextual aspects (social practice, place of circulation, producer agent, interpreter, objective and support, concerning generic elements, may influence the argumentative multimodal materiality of some persuasive genres. Following a top-down methodology of analysis (BRONCKART, 1999, the objetive is to verify that the argumentative strategies selected by the producer are constrained by diferente generic aspects (PINTO, 2010; 2011. In order to confirm this hypothesis, this study is focused on the analysis

  12. Fotografía e historia. Nuevos enfoques sobre la fotografía post mortem en la representación del cadáver del Presidente García Moreno

    OpenAIRE

    Trujillo Espinosa de los Monteros, Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    En esta tesis se desarrolló un análisis ampliado del álbum de fotografías post mortem del Presidente Gabriel García Moreno, realizado por el fotógrafo ecuatoriano Rafael Pérez Pinto en el año de 1875.Utilizando los aportes y las posibilidades metodológicas y categoriales que ofrece el campo de los estudios visuales para la investigación alrededor de temas relacionados con la imagen. El trabajo consistió en desarrollar un análisis del álbum de fotografías, a partir de un esquema que considera ...

  13. Dissertações e Teses v.2 n.3

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    Carlos Frederico Barboza de Souza

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available No mais profundo centro: João da Cruz e o Sufismo Sadili cantam a união transformanteCarlos Frederico Barboza de Souza O camelô em Belo Horizonte: aspectos da informalidade e da identidadeMaria Aparecida Carvalho de Castro Igreja, povo de Deus, sujeito da comunhão e da missãoCleto Caliman A literatura como questionamento do sujeito da modernidade: Memórias do cárcere, de Graciliano Ramos, e A peste, de Albert CamusJoão Pereira Pinto O ensino religioso na rede pública estadual de Belo Horizonte -MG: história, modelos e percepções de professores sobre formação e docênciaDouglas Cabral Dantas

  14. Estudo sobre a atuação do Colegiado Interfederativo Estadual no Estado de Sergipe

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Maria Cecília Mendonça de Araújo

    2012-01-01

    Banca examinadora: Profª. Drª. Isabela Cardoso de Matos Pinto (orientadora); Profª. Drª. Ana Angélica Ribeiro de Meneses e Rocha – (ISC/UFBA); Profª. Drª. Lenir Santos - (UNICAMP/IDISA). Data de defesa 04 de abril de 2012. As Comissões Intergestores são instâncias de negociação entre os gestores de diferentes esferas de governo. No Estado de Sergipe, no ano de 2008, foi aprovado na Assembleia Legislativa um conjunto de Leis que deram início à Reforma Sanitária e Gerencial do SUS. Este novo...

  15. A teoria da ação comunicativa de Jürgen Habermas: conceitos básicos e possibilidades de aplicação à administração escolar

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    José Marcelino de Rezende Pinto

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho buscaremos apresentar uma síntese dos principais conceitos da teoria da ação comunicativa de Jürgen Habermas assim como deduzir algumas de suas implicações para o estudo das organizações. Em particular, buscaremos mostrar que esta teoria se constitui em poderoso instrumento analítico no estudo da estrutura e funcionamento dos conselhos com participação popular que são uma marca característica das sociedades capitalistas contemporâneas. Este estudo tem por base a tese de doutorado Administração e Liberdade: Um estudo do Conselho de Escola à luz da teoria da ação comunicativa de Jürgen Habermas (Pinto, 1994.

  16. Comunidade bacteriana como indicadora do efeito de feijoeiro geneticamente modificado sobre organismos não alvo Bacterial community as an indicator of genetically modified common bean effect on nontarget organisms

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    Adriano Moreira Knupp

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do feijoeiro geneticamente modificado quanto à resistência ao Bean Golden Mosaic Vírus, BGMV (Olathe M1-4, sobre organismos não alvo. De um experimento implantado no campo, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com dois tratamentos (Olathe Pinto e evento elite Olathe M1-4, dois períodos amostrais (estádio V4 e R6 e dez repetições, obtiveram-se células bacterianas cultivadas e não cultivadas da rizosfera e do solo não rizosférico, para as quais se procedeu à extração de DNA total. A região V6-V8 do 16S rDNA foi amplificada para a comunidade bacteriana total, e também realizou-se amplificação com iniciadores específicos para o subgrupo alfa (α do filo Proteobacteria a partir de células não cultivadas. Foram obtidos dendrogramas comparativos entre a variedade Olathe Pinto (convencional e o evento elite Olathe M1-4 (geneticamente modificado utilizando-se o coeficiente de Jaccard e o método UPGMA (Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean. Os agrupamentos obtidos dos perfis de 16S rDNA PCR-DGGE indicam alterações na comunidade bacteriana da rizosfera em função da transformação das plantas são mais notáveis nos perfis obtidos para alfa-proteobacteria. A origem das amostras e o estágio de desenvolvimento das plantas afetam a comunidade bacteriana.The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of genetically modified common bean for Bean Golden Mosaic Virus, BGMV, resistance (Olathe M1-4 on nontarget organisms. In a field experiment established in a completely randomized design with two treatments (Olathe Pinto cultivar and M1-4 Olathe elite event, two sampling periods (V4 and R6 stages and ten replicates, cultivated and non-cultivated bacterial cells from rhizosphere soil and bulk soil were obtained, and their total DNA was extracted. The V6-V8 region of 16S rDNA was amplified for the whole bacterial community, and primers specific for the alpha (

  17. O livro "Direitos das mulheres e injustiça dos homens" de Nísia Floresta: literatura, mulheres e o Brasil do século XIX

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    Isabela Candeloro Campoi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O livro Direitos das mulheres e injustiça dos homens foi publicado por Dionísia Gonçalves Pinto (1810-1885, mais conhecida como Nísia Floresta, em 1832. Tal obra foi considerada uma tradução livre de A Vindication of the rights of woman de Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797, autora inglesa que se tornou o principal nome em defesa dos direitos das mulheres no século XIX. No entanto, tratava-se da tradução de Woman not inferior to man de Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762. O artigo apresentado contextualiza o livro de Wollstonecraft no período, enfoca a trajetória da autora brasileira e a influência do Positivismo na sua obra, principalmente no que tange ao papel social das mulheres.

  18. Efeito do óleo essencial de copaíba sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    AGUILAR, César Augusto López; LIMA, Kedson Raul de Souza; MANNO, Maria Cristina; TAVARES, Fernando Barbosa; SOUZA, Vanessa Pereira de; FERNANDES NETO, Dario Lisboa

    2013-01-01

    Um estudo foi conduzido para avaliar os efeitos do óleo essencial de copaíba sobre o desempenho e rendimento de abate de frangos de corte. Foram utilizados 450 pintos, distribuídos num delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 5 tratamentos e 6 repetições de 15 aves. Os tratamentos consistiram em Controle (promotor comercial) e quatro níveis de óleo essencial de copaíba sendo estes 0,15 (0,15EO); 0,30 (0,30EO); 0,45 (0,45EO) e 0,60 mL (0,60EO) kg-1 de ração. Aos 21 dias de idade, as aves do t...

  19. U-Pb zircon and monazite geochronology of the Hercynian two-mica granite composite pluton of Cabeceiras de Basto (Northern Portugal); Geochronologie U-Pb sur zircon et monazite du massif composite de granite a deux micas hercynien de Cabeceiras de Basto (Nord-Portugal)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, A.; Noronha, F. [Universidade do Porto (Portugal). Centro de Geologia; Leterrier, J. [Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Bertrand, J.M. [Universite de Savoie, 73 - Le-Bourget-du-Lac (France). Laboratoire de geodynamique des Chaines alpines

    1998-06-01

    The zircon and monazite U-Pb minimum age of the Hercynian peraluminous two-mica composite granite pluton of Cabeceiras de Basto (Northern Portugal) is 311 {+-} 1 Ma (2 {sigma}). This age, well constrained by a concordant monazite of 311{+-}4 Ma (2{sigma}), is in good agreement with the age suggested for the syn-kinematic, syn-D3, Iberian granites of the Hercynian orogeny (315-305; Pinto et al., 1987). The ({sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr){sub i} and {xi}{sub Nd} isotopic ratios, calculated for 311 Ma, suggest that the three granite units which constitute the massif may derive from an heterogeneous crustal source dated (upper intercept of the discordance) around 1200 Ma. (authors) 21 refs.

  20. Uma educação esquizita. Uma formação bricoleur processo ético e estético e político e econômico

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Tarcísio Moreira

    2015-01-01

    Meu tema é o instante? meu tema de vida. Procuro estar a par dele, divido-me milhares de vezes em tantas vezes quanto os instantes que decorrem, fragmentária que sou e precários os momentos – só me comprometo com vida que nasça com o tempo e com ele cresça: só no tempo há espaço para mim. Escrevo-te toda inteira e sinto um sabor em ser e o sabor-a-ti é abstrato como o instante. é também com o corpo todo que pinto os meus quadros e na tela fixo o incorpóreo, eu corpo-a-corpo com...

  1. Foods for a Mission to Mars: Equivalent System Mass and Development of a Multipurpose Small-Scale Seed Processor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandolph, J.; Chen, G.; Weiss, I.; Perchonok, D. M.; Wijeratne, W.; Fortune, S.; Corvalan, C.; Campanella, O.; Okos, M.; Mauer, L. J.

    2007-01-01

    The candidate crops for planetary food systems include: wheat, white and sweet potatoes, soybean, peanut, strawberry, dry bean including le ntil and pinto, radish, rice, lettuce, carrot, green onion, tomato, p eppers, spinach, and cabbage. Crops such as wheat, potatoes, soybean, peanut, dry bean, and rice can only be utilized after processing, while others are classified as ready-to-eat. To process foods in space, the food processing subsystem must be capable of producing a variety of nutritious, acceptable, and safe edible ingredients and food produ cts from pre-packaged and resupply foods as well as salad crops grown on the transit vehicle or other crops grown on planetary surfaces. D esigning, building, developing, and maintaining such a subsystem is b ound to many constraints and restrictions. The limited power supply, storage locations, variety of crops, crew time, need to minimize waste , and other equivalent system mass (ESM) parameters must be considere d in the selection of processing equipment and techniques.

  2. Sapu pada Kacang Hias (Arachis pintoi: Penyakit Baru yang Berasosiasi dengan Fitoplasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budiyarto .

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pinto peanut (Arachis pintoi witches’ broom is a new disease found in Bogor at high incidence and has not yet been reported elsewhere. Symptom type of the disease is very similar to that of peanut (A. hypogea witches’ broom, which has been well known to be associated with phytoplasma. Both A. pintoi and A. hypogea witches’ broom causal agent are transmissible to both healthy A. pintoi or A. hypogea, with grafting or vector transmission using peanut witches’ broom phytoplasma specific vector, Orosius argentatus. All combination of transmission means resulted in an identical type of witches’ broom symptom. Further confirmation using polymerase chain reaction detection and identification of phytoplasma employing universal primer pair for phytoplasmas (P1/P7, showed that all of the diseased plants, either from field or transmitted plants is associated with phytoplasma. The A. pintoi witches’ broom phytoplasma is likely identical to that of A. hypogea.Key words: Arachis pintoi, Orosius argentatus, phytoplasma, witches’ broom

  3. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS Abuêndia Padilha Pinto Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br Eneida Leal Cunha Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br João Azenha Júnior Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br José Luiz Fiorin Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br Leonor Scliar-Cabral Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br Maria do Socorro Silva de Aragão Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br Maria Helena Mira Mateus Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt Marcia Arbex Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br Roland Walter Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com Maria Esther Maciel Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br Solange Coelho Vereza Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  4. Acknowledgment - Issue 65

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Executive Editor

    2016-12-01

    • Andrés Vuotto (Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata - MDP, Argentina • Pedro Jorge Dimitri (Instituto Nacional de la Administración Pública, Argentina Reviewers invited • Adilson Luiz Pinto (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, Brasil • Carlos Francisco Bitencourt Jorge (Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP, Brasil • Jayme Leyro Vilan Filho (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, Brasil • Murilo Bastos da Cunha (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, Brasil • Silvana Vilodre Goellner (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Brasil In the same way our acknowledge to University Library System (University of Pittsburgh - PITTS, USA by constant technical support and advice for our journal.

  5. Rastreabilidade de subprodutos de origem animal em dietas com levedura e trigo para frangos

    OpenAIRE

    Gottmann,Rosana; Pezzato,Antonio Celso; Ducatti,Carlos; Denadai,Juliana Célia; Móri,Cleusa; Mituo,Mariela Akie Okino; Sartori,José Roberto

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi rastrear a inclussão de farinhas de origem animal em rações para frango de corte com ou sem levedura de cana-de-açúcar e farelo de trigo, por meio da análise do músculo peitoral das aves pelas técnicas dos isótopos estáveis de carbono e nitrogênio. Foram utilizados 210 pintos machos (Cobb), com um dia de idade, distribuídos aleatoriamente em sete tratamentos de 30 aves cada, tendo sido um tratamento controle (dieta vegetal) e seis com inclusão de farinha de carne...

  6. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi @uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com MARIA ESTHER MACIEL Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br SOLANGE COELHO VEREZA Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  7. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2017-07-01

    Abuêndia Padilha Pinto Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br Eneida Leal Cunha Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br João Azenha Júnior Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br José Luiz Fiorin Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br Leonor Scliar-Cabral Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br Maria do Socorro Silva de Aragão Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br Maria Helena Mira Mateus Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt Marcia Arbex Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br Roland Walter Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com Maria Esther Maciel Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br Solange Coelho Vereza Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  8. Effects of different levels of thiamine, riboflavin and pyridoxine on broiler performance

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Ana Lúcia Pozzobon de; Toledo, Geni Salete Pinto de; Costa, Paulo Tabajara Chaves; Alencastro, Ubiratan Gross

    1996-01-01

    O experimento foi conduzido para analisar os efeitos de níveis altos e baixos das vitaminas tiamina (B1), riboflavina (B2) e piridoxina (B6) sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte. Um total de 576 pintos de corte de um dia, foram distribuídos em desenho experimental trifatorial (2³), inteiramente casualizado onde dois níveis (alto e baixo) de cada vitamina foram testados: vitamina B1 (A=3 mg/kg; B=2 mg/kg), vitamina B2 (A=6 mg/kg; B=4 mg/kg) e vitamina B6 (A=4,5 mg/kg; B=3 mg/kg). Deste modo,...

  9. Behaviour in prostrate cancer patients of DHEA-S04 stimulated with D-TRY-6-LH-RH analogue and with HONVAN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Navarrete L, R.; Romero N, M.A.; Guadarrama S, R.; Graef S, A.; Gonzalez B, D.

    1985-01-01

    The studies of Abraham, Forest, Pinto and Haning demonstrating the basal or dynamic diagnostic value of Dihydrohepiandrostenone sulphate in hirsutism, female alopecia, adrenaline tumours and so on which served as the basis of our investigation, offers reliable parameters in hyperandrogenism and is equally useful in confirming androgenic suppression caused by dexamethasone. A group of 40 prostate cancer patients, (D-state classification by Whitmore) were studied: 20 patients on the D-TRY-6-LH-RH analogue, 20 patients on Honvan, 30 clinically healthy individuals, comparable in age to the two patient groups. For obtention of normal values a group of 75 normal subjects between the ages of 25 and 35 years were used. (author)

  10. Parâmetros químicos, bioquímicos e mecânicos de fêmures de frangos de corte submetidos a diferentes balanços eletrolíticos

    OpenAIRE

    Müller,Elisa Sialino; Barbosa,Anderson de Almeida; Moraes,George Henrique Kling de; Vieites,Flávio Medeiros; Araújo,Gilson Mendes

    2012-01-01

    Objetivou-se avaliar as características ósseas de frangos de corte tratados com diferentes níveis de balanço eletrolítico (BE) na ração. Foram criados 936 pintos de corte Cobb de 1 dia de idade distribuídos em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com seis tratamentos (BE: -50, 0, 50, 100, 150 e 200 mEq/kg), seis repetições e 26 aves por unidade experimental. A ração basal para as duas fases - inicial, 1 a 21 dias, e de crescimento, 22 a 42 dias de idade - foi constituída de milho e farelo de soja...

  11. Efeitos de diferentes níveis das vitaminas tiamina, riboflavina e piridoxina sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    Souza,Ana Lúcia Pozzobon de; Toledo,Geni Salete Pinto de; Costa,Paulo Tabajara Chaves; Alencastro,Ubiratan Gross

    1996-01-01

    O experimento foi conduzido para analisar os efeitos de níveis altos e baixos das vitaminas tiamina (B1), riboflavina (B2) e piridoxina (B6) sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte. Um total de 576 pintos de corte de um dia, foram distribuídos em desenho experimental trifatorial (2³), inteiramente casualizado onde dois níveis (alto e baixo) de cada vitamina foram testados: vitamina B1 (A=3 mg/kg; B=2 mg/kg), vitamina B2 (A=6 mg/kg; B=4 mg/kg) e vitamina B6 (A=4,5 mg/kg; B=3 mg/kg). Deste modo,...

  12. A arte de ensinar enfermagem: uma história de sucesso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Macêdo Pava

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi reconstruir a história do ensino de enfermagem no Brasil desde a criação da Escola de Alfredo Pinto, em 1890, até os dias atuais. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura sobre, relatando as mudanças curriculares, no ensino de enfermagem no Brasil, daquela época até as atuais, bem como suas leis vigentes. A análise da história permitiu entender os fatos ocorridos de maneira crítica e reflexiva. Por fim pode-se perceber que historicamente, há um caminho muito longo ainda a ser desvendado

  13. Políticas de democratização da educação superior na perspectiva metodológica de Antonio Gramsci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Maria Michelott

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of studies carried out in the Research Group: State, Policies and Management of Education (PPGE / UNICENTRO in the line of policies for higher education in Brazil, as well as the doctoral research on the thinking of Álvaro Borges Vieira Pinto On the University Reform of 1968. Then to discuss about the method in question, the authors analyze the democratization processes of the superior education utilizing exemples such as the italian situation in the 1990s, the cuban revolutionary experience and politicies above the theme in the brazilian context. The chosen methodology allows the contradictions to be exposed configurating different interpretations about the democratizing processes, it points out that several times what is considered “democratization” of the university misrepresents the real meaning of the expression. In the chosen exemples, it was found that the Cuba process is the closest to a democratic model.

  14. Ansiedade e espiritualidade em estudantes universitários: um estudo transversal

    OpenAIRE

    Erika de Cássia Lopes Chaves; Denise Hollanda Iunes; Caroline de Castro Moura; Leonardo César Carvalho; Andréia Maria Silva; Emília Campos de Carvalho

    2015-01-01

    RESUMOObjetivo:investigar a ansiedade e a espiritualidade de estudantes universitários e a relação entre elas.Método:para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado o Inventário de ansiedade traço-estado (IDATE) e a Escala de Espiritualidade de Pinto e Pais-Ribeiro.Resultados:participaram 609 alunos, sendo que 91,5% apresentam níveis moderados e altos de ansiedade-traço; 92,9%, os mesmos níveis de ansiedade-estado e 93,8% alto escore de espiritualidade. O teste de regressão linear múltipla apontou rela...

  15. Efeito da Duração do Período de Jejum Pré-Abate Sobre Rendimento de Carcaça e a Qualidade da Carne do Peito de Frangos de Corte

    OpenAIRE

    Denadai,JC; Mendes,AA; Garcia,RG; Almeida,ICL; Moreira,J; Takita,TS; Pavan,AC; Garcia,EA

    2002-01-01

    O objetivo de estudo foi o de avaliar o efeito do jejum de ração e água antes do abate sobre o rendimento de carcaça e cortes, perda de peso vivo, conteúdo do papo, intestino e moela, matéria seca das fezes, bem como volume globular médio e proteína total plasmática do soro. Foram utilizados 600 pintos machos da linhagem Ross, criados até 42 dias de idade, quando foram submetidos a três períodos de jejum (zero, quatro ou oito horas). A duração do período de jejum afetou (p0,05) do período de ...

  16. Evaluation, au laboratoire, du pouvoir dispersant d'une huile pour moteurs à essence et relation avec les résultats obtenus dans la séquence VE Laboratory Evaluation of the Dispersive Power of Gazoline Engines Oils and Relation with Sequence Ve Test Results

    OpenAIRE

    Hipeaux J. C.; Durand J. P.; Prigent M.; Binet D.; Rossi A.

    2006-01-01

    L'évaluation du pouvoir dispersant d'une huile pour moteurs à essence est incluse dans les spécifications internationales telles que les spécifications du Comité des Constructeurs du Marché Commun (CCMC) et les spécifications de l'American Petroleum Institute (API). Cette évaluation est effectuée à partir d'essais longs, sévères et coûteux sur moteurs au banc. Il s'agit des essais sur moteurs Mercedes M102E (niveaux CCMC G4 et G5) et Ford Pinto 2,3l (niveaux API SG et SH). Le coût de ces essa...

  17. Application of SAR interferometry to low-rate crustal deformation fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, Paul

    Differential SAR interferometry is applied to the study of low-rate interseismic crustal deformation fields along three regions of the San Adreas fault system: Salton Sea (southernmost region), Pinto Mountain fault (south-central region), and San Francisco Bay (northern region). New techniques are developed to analyze and model these low-rate deformation fields including constrained horizontal-vertical component deconvolution, deformation phase pattern analysis and strain field evolution modeling. Several new active faults were discovered as well as unmeasured activity on existing faults in the process of this SAR interferometry study. The feasibility and limitations of InSAR as a tool to study low-rate deformation fields is also addressed.

  18. Microminerais complexados a moléculas orgânicas sobre aspectos produtivos e qualitativos da carne de frangos de corte criados sob condições de estresse térmico

    OpenAIRE

    Boiago, Marcel Manente [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    Avaliou-se o desempenho, qualidade e composição química da carne, resistência óssea e empenamento de frangos de corte arraçoados com dietas contendo selênio, zinco e manganês complexados ou não a moléculas orgânicas e criados sob condições de estresse térmico. Foram utilizados 980 pintos machos Cobb de um dia de idade, criados até 42 dias de idade em três câmaras climáticas, que proporcionaram temperaturas alta, termoneutra e baixa. Foi utilizado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em es...

  19. Bilateral Acute Angle-closure after Intraocular Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskens, Kirsten; Pinto, Luis Abegão; Vandewalle, Evelien; Verdonk, Nancy; Stalmans, Ingeborg

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 75-year-old woman who developed an acute bilateral angle-closure associated with choroidal effusion a day after an uneventful cataract surgery. The same patient had undergone a similarly uneventful cataract surgery two weeks before, under the same protocol, with no postoperative complication in the other eye. Medical treatment, including the use of oral sulfamide-related drugs (acetazolamide), topical beta-blockers and steroids led to a gradual decrease in intraocular pressure (IOP) and choroidal effusion. Despite initial reports suggesting a link between sulfamide-exposure and these rare forms of angle-closure, our report would suggest a more complex pathophysiology behind this intriguing phenomenon. How to cite this article: Hoskens K, Pinto LA, Vandewalle E, Verdonk N, Stalmans I. Bilateral Acute Angle-closure after Intraocular Surgery. J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2014;8(3):113-114.

  20. Bacharel em Saúde Coletiva: um Elo que faltava na Rede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio José Costa CARDOSO

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available O desafio deste último texto é, sem outras referências, fazer “emergir” um (incerto Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo – aqui referido ao conjunto de autores que assina esse número especial da Tempus Actas em Saúde Coletiva, a partir de um diálogo que se pretende articulador das ideias dos diversos autores que trataram da criação dos bacharelados, mercado de trabalho e carreira, identidade e regulamentação da profissão, campos de prática e estágio em Saúde Coletiva, tomando o texto-base Graduação em Saúde Coletiva: conquistas e passos para além do sanitarismo, de Jairnilson Silva Paim e Isabela Cardoso Pinto, como ponto de partida.

  1. Molecular identification of Coccidioides immitis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues from a Colombian patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canteros, Cristina E; Vélez H, Alejandro; Toranzo, Adriana I; Suárez-Alvarez, Roberto; Tobón O, Ángela; Jimenez A, María del Pilar; Restrepo M, Ángela

    2015-06-01

    Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii are the etiologic agents of coccidioidomycosis, an endemic fungal disease of the Americas. In Colombia, this mycosis is uncommon, and only five cases, two of them imported, have been documented.By means of DNA sequencing, C. immitis was identified in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissues samples from the 5th Colombian patient diagnosed in 1997. The patient was born in Pinto, Department of Magdalena, and had never visited other geographic regions, a reason to consider that the mycosis had been acquired locally.This species is primarily found in California although it has been occasionally reported in other geographic areas such as Mexico and Brazil. This is the first indigenous report of C. immitis-associated coccidioidomycosis in a Colombian patient. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology.

  2. Indirect taxes on food in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denize Mirian da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to estimate the indirect tax burden on food for ten income classes, based on income and household total expenditure in southern Brazil. Thus it can be seen as indirect taxes on foods affect the monetary income and consumption pattern of households. To reach the objectives proposed, will be used the Pintos-Payeras (2008 model. The database iscomposed by microdata from the Household Budgeting Survey (POF 2008-2009 and the tax regulations of the country and the southern states of Brazil. The results show that indirect taxes on food in Southern Brazil is regressive when based on income and expenditure of household , ie , the poorest people pay proportionately more taxes and have their consumption pattern highest taxed ICMS (Brazilian value added tax is the tax that contributes most to the regressivity.

  3. Comentario del Académico Germán Peña Quiñones con Motivo de la Presentación del Libro “De la Neurocirugía a las Neurociencias”

    OpenAIRE

    Germán Peña Quiñones

    2005-01-01

    El Académico Mario Camacho Pinto, pionero de la neurocirugía en Colombia y en Bogotá y pionero de la neurocirugía en el Hospital San Juan de Dios donde creó el Servicio y en donde más tarde, bajo la dirección del Dr. Alejandro Jiménez Arango, se graduaría el primer neurocirujano, Dr. Francisco Lourido, primer neurocirujano que tuvo su adiestramiento en Colombia y quien además escribió el primer libro de neurocirugía “La cirugía del Sistema Nervioso Central”, publicado en 1948 como su tesis de...

  4. Histomorfometria e função da tireóide de frangos de corte após ingestão por curto período de toxina T-2 de Fusarium sporotrichioides

    OpenAIRE

    Rachid,M.A.; Nunes,V.A.; Serakides,R.; Nascimento,J.A.F.B.

    2001-01-01

    Determinaram-se a histomorfometria e a função da tireóide de frangos de corte após ingestão de toxina T-2 de Fusarium sporotrichioides, veiculada na ração por curto período. Foram utilizados 30 pintos da linhagem Hubbard, todos machos e com um dia de idade, distribuídos ao acaso em dois grupos. O grupo tratado recebeu ração contaminada com 2,64 mg/kg de toxina T-2 e o grupo controle, ração livre de qualquer toxina. Cinco animais de cada grupo foram sacrificados aos 7, 14 e 21 dias após o iníc...

  5. Final feliz para um filme natural: Trem da Serra, poema da integração brasileira

    OpenAIRE

    Murari, Luciana

    2015-01-01

    Resumo Este artigo aborda o livro de poemas modernistas Trem da Serra, publicado por Ernani Fornari em 1928. Seu tema é uma viagem de trem de Porto Alegre a Caxias do Sul, no Rio Grande do Sul, expondo o efeito da imigração na região, e defendendo a miscigenação como forma de incorporação das influências estrangeiras à cultura nacional. São citados textos de autores como Graça Aranha, Monteiro Lobato, João Pinto da Silva e Plínio Salgado para demonstrar a importância do tema no debate sobre a...

  6. Influência Institucional em Arranjos Produtivos Locais para Criação de Inovação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Sarquis González Braga

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available While government and regulatory policies can promote significant changes in product technologies and processes, which in turn benefit industrial innovative, if not carefully managed can generate significant deleterious effects on the innovation process (Patanakul & Pinto, 2014. Based on this assumption, this research objectived to highlight the key role of institutions in the process of creation and innovation diffusion in particularly within sectors with low technological dynamism. To this end, we used the data tabulated by Pintec (2013 on the clothing and food industries in the state of Ceará. Brazil. Starting from a model in which we focused on the marketing and technological usage profile dimensions in those sectors, it was observed that the model did not explain fully the creation and technology diffusion process. Then added a new dimension to the model considering the institutional role in supporting the innovation process, so getting the new methodological framework for better explanatory power of the phenomena involved.

  7. Diferentes critérios de formulação de rações para frangos de corte no período de 1 a 21 dias de idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araújo LF

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes critérios de formulação de rações, baseados em aminoácidos totais e digestíveis, para frangos de corte no período de 1 a 21 dias de idade. As dietas foram formuladas para atender às exigências de metionina, metionina+cistina, lisina e treonina. No primeiro experimento, foram utilizados 800 pintos machos, Hubbard, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 4 critérios de formulação, para atender às exigências em aminoácidos totais - NRC (1994, Rostagno et al. (1992, Degussa (1997 e AEC (1993, com 4 repetições de 50 aves. No segundo experimento, foram utilizados 600 pintos machos, Cobb, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 3 critérios de formulação, para atender às exigências em aminoácidos digestíveis - Rostagno et al. (2000, Baker & Han (1994 e Degussa (1997, com 4 repetições de 50 aves. Foram avaliados ganho de peso, consumo de ração e conversão alimentar. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram não haver diferença no desempenho das aves ao serem alimentadas com diferentes critérios de formulação baseados em aminoácidos totais. Ao formular dietas com aminoácidos digestíveis, o padrão estabelecido por Baker & Han (1994 resultaram em melhor desempenho das aves no período avaliado.

  8. Conforto térmico animal e humano em galpões de frangos de corte no semiárido mineiro

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    Cinara da C. S. Carvalho

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Com base na importância que o tema bem-estar tem atingido atualmente buscou-se, com este trabalho, avaliar a condição de conforto térmico para os animais e trabalhadores, durante os primeiros 21 dias de vida de pintos de corte criados em galpões na região do semiárido Mineiro, local onde a temperatura média anual é em torno de 27 ºC. O trabalho foi desenvolvido em duas fases distintas (inverno e verão em uma granja avícola localizada na cidade de Nova Porteirinha (MG. Para avaliar o conforto térmico dos animais utilizou-se o Índice de Temperatura de Globo Negro e Umidade (ITGU e, para caracterizar o ambiente térmico para os trabalhadores, adotou-se o Índice de Bulbo Úmido e Termômetro de Globo Negro (IBUTG. De posse dos dados coletados observou-se que, independente da estação do ano, os valores de ITGU estiveram acima de 74 caracterizando condição de estresse térmico para os pintos de corte. Com relação aos trabalhadores verificou-se que a atividade de manejo da granja realizada durante o inverno, não expõe as pessoas à condição de sobrecarga térmica; entretanto, no verão os funcionários precisam, a partir das 09:00 h, adotar pausas frequentes para reestabelecimento fisiológico, com hidratação e descanso.

  9. Sobre el Grup de Sabadell y los Nova Novorum

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    Pego Puigbó, Armando

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper, from a comparative point of view, the literary roots of two of the most outstanding proposals for the renewal of the Spanish and Catalan narratives in the twenties and thirties are tried to describe. It is possible to find out the parallelisms between the work of Antonio Espina and Francesc Trabal in the dialogue with the aesthetical experience of the European vanguards to which they are linked by the narrative folly of their own contracdictions. Having in consideration the possibilities offered by the poem in prose or the microromance, similar responses could be traced between the «Grup of Sabadell» and the «Nova Novarum». In this way, Pájaro Pinto (1927 and Luna de copas (1929, by Espina, and L’ home que es va perdre (1929 or Judita (1939 by Trabal will be analyzed together.En el presente artículo se pretende describir, de manera comparada, las raíces literarias de dos de las propuestas más renovadoras de las narrativas española y catalana de los años veinte y treinta del siglo XX. Cabe buscar los posibles paralelismos entre la obra de Antonio Espina y Francesc Trabal en el diálogo con la experiencia estética de las vanguardias europeas en las que se insertaban y en la exasperación narrativa de sus propias contradicciones. Teniendo en cuenta las posiblilidades que ofrecía el poema en prosa o el microrrelato, será posible rastrear una similitud de respuestas que entrelaza la reflexión del «Grup de Sabadell» con la de los «Nova Novorum». A tal fin, se analizarán conjuntamente Pájaro Pinto (1927 y Luna de copas (1929, de Espina, y L’ home que es va perdre (1929 y Judita (1939 de Trabal.

  10. Proceedings - II Scientific Conferences CBIOS

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    L. Monteiro Rodrigues, et al.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available 1st Session - CBIOS Group PT (Pharmacology and Therapeutics Keynote Lecture C.01 - High-density lipoproteins beyond atherogenesis. José Delgado Alves Speakers / Prelectores C.02 - Mind the GAAP: a tale of camels, calcium, channels and cancer. Nuno Saraiva C.03 - Case study: Ochratoxin A, ROS and Antioxidants. João G. Costa, Nuno Saraiva, Patrícia S. Guerreiro, Henriqueta Louro, Maria J. Silva, Joana P. Miranda, Matilde Castro, Ines BatinicHaberle, Ana S. Fernandes and Nuno G. Oliveira C.04 - A investigação em Educação Física, Desporto e Exercício na Universidade Lusófona. António Labisa Palmeira C.05 - Systemic Lisbon Battery: dados de 5 anos de avaliação de défices cognitivos por intermédio da Realidade Virtual. Pedro Gamito, J. Oliveira and D. Morais 2st Session - CBIOS Group DDS (Development Delivery Systems Keynote Lecture C.06 - Modelling and Simulation for Drug Absorption Prediction from DDS. Nuno Silva Speakers / Prelectores C.07 - Functional Ingredients in delivery systems. Tânia Santos de Almeida, Ana Júlio, Margarida Pereira, Rita Caparica, Nicole Pereira, Afonso Antunes, Filipa Rocha, Nuno Saraiva, Ana Sofia Fernandes, Maria Eduarda Araújo, André Baby, Catarina Pinto Reis, Catarina Rosado and Joana Mota C.08 - Targeting Parvifloron D to pancreatic cancer using nanocarriers. Ana Rebelo, Patrícia Rijo, Jesus Molpeceres and Catarina Pinto Reis 3st Session - CBIOS Group FSP (Food Sciences and Phytochemistrys Keynote Lecture C.09 - Sustainable Chemistry by Design. Susana D. Lucas Speakers / Prelectores C.10 - Insight Food Science and Phytochemistry Group. Marisa Nicolai, Diogo Matias, Filipe Pereira, Catarina Garcia, Joana Andrade, Íris Neto, Catarina Reis and Patrícia Rijo C.11 - 6,7-Dehydroroyleanone as a Lead Molecule for the Development of Anticancer Hybrid Nanoparticles. Catarina Garcia a,b, Catarina Silvaa, Tijana Stanković, Milica Pešić, Isabel Martins , Patrícia Domingos, Cistina Silva Pereira, Marisa

  11. On Dichelyne (Cucullanellus elongatus (Tornquist, 1931 Petter, 1974: South American correlated species (Nematoda, Cucullanidae and some other helminths of micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823 (Pisces, Sciaenidae Sobre Dichelyne (Cucullanellus elongatus (Tornquist, 1931 Petter, 1974: espécies sul americanas correlatas (Nematoda, Cucullanidae e alguns outros helmintos de Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823(Pisces, Sciaenidae

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    J. Júlio Vicente

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available Dichelyne (Cucullanellus elongatus (Tomquist, 1931 Petter, 1974, from Venezuela, of which D.(C. amaurincai (Freitas, Vicente & Ibáñez, 1969 Petter, 1974 is proposed as a junior synonym, is redescribed and comments on the present status of the remaining species under the group, namely D.(C. dichelyneformes (Szidat, 1950 Petter, 1974, D.(C. rodriguesi (Pinto, Fábio & Noronha, 1970 Petter, 1974 and D.(C. travassosi (Guimarães & Cristofaro, 1974, occuring in South America are made. Dollfusentis chandleri Golvan, 1969 (Acanthocephala, Illiosentidae, Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (Diesing, 1850(Cestoidea, Otobothriidae and Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (Rudolphi, 1819(Cestoidea, Dasyrhynchidae as well as larval forms of Echinocephalus sp. (Nematoda, Gnathostomatidae and Contracaecum sp. (Nematoda, Anisakidae are also reported.Dichelyne (Cucullanellus elongatus (Tornquist, 1931 Petter, 1974, da Venezuela, da qual D.(C. amaurincai (Freitas, Vicente & Ibáñez, 1969 Petter, 1974 é proposta como sinônimo junior, é descrita, e são feitos comentários sobre a atual situação das outras espécies do mesmo grupo, ocorrendo na América do Sul, a saber: D.(C. dichelyneformes (Szidat, 1950 Petter, 1974, D.(C. rodriguesi (Pinto, Fábio & Noronha, 1971 Petter, 1974 e D.(C. travassosi (Guimarães & Cristofaro, 1974. Dollfusentis chandleri Golvan, 1969 (Acantochephala, Illiosentidae, Poecilancistrium cariophyllum (Diesing, 1850 (Cestoidea, Otobothriidae e Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (Rudolphi, 1819 (Cestoidea, Dayrhynchidae bem como formas larvares de Exhinocephalus sp. (Nematoda, Gnathostomatidae e Contracaecum sp. (Nematoda, Anisakidae são também assinaladas.

  12. Dietas pós-eclosão suplementadas com fontes de gordura e acrescidas de taurina e glicina sobre a morfometria intestinal e o desempenho de frangos de corte de um a 21 dias

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    J.I.M. Fernandes

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do fornecimento de dietas pós-eclosão suplementadas com diferentes fontes de gordura insaturada e adicionadas ou não de taurina e glicina sobre o desempenho produtivo, a biometria e a morfometria do intestino delgado de pintos de corte de um a 21 dias de idade. Foram utilizados 480 pintos de corte machos de um dia de idade da linhagem Cobb. O delineamento foi inteiramente ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 2 x 4, com e sem suplementação de taurina e glicina e quatro dietas (controle, óleo de peixe, de soja e de girassol, totalizando oito tratamentos com seis repetições de 10 aves cada. As rações experimentais foram fornecidas de zero a quatro dias de idade. O desempenho zootécnico foi avaliado ao alojamento e aos quatro, sete e 21 dias de idade. Nestas mesmas datas, foram sacrificadas duas aves por unidade experimental para biometria do intestino e histomorfometria da mucosa do intestino. A adição de diferentes fontes de gordura e a suplementação de glicina e taurina às dietas de transição não influenciaram o desempenho produtivo de um a 21 dias. A suplementação das dietas com glicina e taurina alterou a morfologia da mucosa intestinal, principalmente do duodeno, resultando em maior comprimento do vilo e relação vilo:cripta. Entretanto, parte dos efeitos positivos depende do tipo de óleo adicionado, mostrando que dietas pós-eclosão acrescidas de fontes de lipídios podem ser benéficas no desenvolvimento da capacidade funcional do intestino de frangos de corte.

  13. Book Reviews

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    Redactie KITLV

    1971-04-01

    Full Text Available - A.H.N. Verwey, A.J. Bernet Kempers, Borobudur: Mysteriegebeuren in steen, Verval en restauratie, Oudjavaans volksleven. Servire, Wassenaar 1970. 224 blz., 280 afb. - Graham W. Irwin, Anthony Reid, The contest for North Sumatra. Atjeh, the Netherlands and Britain 1858-1898. Kuala Lumpur and London: University of Malaya Press and Oxford University Press, 1969. 333 p., 8 plates, maps. - John Bastin, Fernand Mendes Pinto, The voyages and adventures of Fernand Mendez Pinto: Translated into English by H. Cogan 1635. Dawsons of Pall Mall. The Colonial History Series, General Editor, D.H. Simpson. London, 1969. Pages xiv + 318. - R. Roolvink, Yahya Ismail, Satu kajian mengenai karya2 Ahmad Talu. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1970. XIV + 82 pp. - Harry Aveling, Umar Junus, Perkembangan puisi Melayu moden. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur 1970. XIV + 161 pp. - A.F. Ros, Clifford Geertz, Islam observed: Religious development in Morocco and Indonesia. Yale University Press, New Haven and London 1968. XII en 136 blz. - Go Gien Tjwan, Joseph-John Nevadomsky, The Chinese in Southeast Asia. A selected and annotated bibliography of publications in Western languages 1960-1970. Occasional Paper No. 6 of the Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley, California, 1970, 119 p., Alice Li (eds. - F.G. Bailey, S. Arasaratnam, Indians in Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press for Institute of Race Relations, London 1970. 241 pp. - A.F. Marks, G.J. Kruijer, Cuba; Voorbeeld en uitdaging. Polak en Van Gennep, Amsterdam, 1968. 146 bladzijden; met foto’s. - ,

  14. A obra de Euclides da Cunha e os debates sobre mestiçagem no Brasil no início do século xx: Os sertões e a medicina- antropologia do Museu Nacional The work of Euclides da Cunha and debates on racial admixture in Brazil in the early 20th century: Os sertões and the field of medicine- anthropology at the Museu Nacional

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    Ricardo Ventura Santos

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho aborda certas interfaces entre a obra de Euclides da Cunha, e Os sertões em particular, e a medicina-antropologia no Brasil no início do século XX. Aponta-se que à obra euclidiana podem ser vinculadas duas vertentes médico-antropológicas que construíram explicações divergentes acerca das conseqüências da composição racial brasileira, em especial quanto à viabilidade de uma nação mestiça. Uma primeira, cujo expoente foi Raimundo Nina Rodrigues, esteve alinhada com uma perspectiva mais próxima de um fatalismo racial. Uma outra, representada por Edgard Roquette-Pinto, ligado ao Museu Nacional, argumentava que os mestiços não seriam orgânica ou racialmente inviáveis. No texto é analisada sobretudo a interpretação que a medicina-antropologia do Museu Nacional realizou da obra euclidiana.The article addresses certain interfaces between Euclides da Cunha’s work - particularly Os sertões - and medicine-anthropology in Brazil in the early 20th century. Cunha’s work can be tied in with two lines of thought in the field of medicine-anthropology, each of which constructed its own view of the consequences of Brazil’s racial make-up, especially regarding the viability of a mestizo nation. One of these lines, supported by Raimundo Nina Rodrigues, among others, leaned more towards racial fatalism. The other, represented by Edgard Roquette-Pinto of the Museu Nacional, argued that mestizos were neither organically nor racially inviable. The text is concerned above all with the interpretation of Cunha’s work proposed by those in the field of medicine- anthropology at the Museu Nacional.

  15. Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación y la Enseñanza del Español on line: un análisis de discursos de las disciplinas virtuales del curso de Letras Español a distancia de la UAB-UESPI

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    Luciana Maria Libório Eulálio

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un análisis comparativo de los discursos producidos por las disciplinas virtuales Cultura de los Pueblos de lengua Española, Pasantía supervisada IV, Literatura Española I y Lengua Española IV del curso de Letras Español a distancia de la  UAB-UESPI. Su objetivo central es investigar cómo se construyeron los sentidos sobre la metodología de enseñanza del español a nivel de un curso de graduación vía internet, analizando cuáles son las estrategias de enunciación presentes en los modos de mostrar, interactuar y seducir de esas disciplinas. La investigación adopta como perspectiva teórico-metodológica el Análisis del Discurso y es de carácter cualitativo e interpretativista. Como referencial teórico sobre Educación a Distancia, sociedad en red,  tecnologías, literacidad digital y ambiente virtual, nos apoyamos en Kenski (2007, Preti (2005,  Castells (1999, Dalmonte (2009, Lévy (1993, Snyder (2009. Sobre lenguaje, sujeto, heterogeneidades enunciativas y discursos, en Bakthin (2003, Foucault (2009, Joly (2005 y Pinto (2002. El estudio también se apoya en la la Teoría de los Discursos Sociales (Pinto, 2002 y en el concepto de Contrato de Lectura  (Verón, 2004.

  16. Flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae de área de cerrado no Município de Corumbataí, Centro-Leste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae from a cerrado area of Corumbataí Municipality, Central East Region of São Paulo State, Brazil

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    André A. Cutolo

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento da distribuição e ecologia das espécies de flebotomíneos é fundamental para a vigilância epidemiológica das leishmanioses. A pesquisa e a divulgação do encontro destes insetos colaboram para a determinação do risco de transmissão das mesmas. Realizaram-se capturas de flebotomíneos em fragmento de cerrado strictu sensu em área rural do município de Corumbataí, no período de julho a novembro de 2004. Foram utilizadas duas armadilhas luminosas automáticas do tipo CDC, das 18h às 8h, sendo uma coleta por mês, resultando em 112 horas de exposição. Durante o período de estudo, foi capturado um total de 60 flebotomíneos pertencentes a dez espécies diferentes. A espécie mais abundante e a única presente em todas as capturas foi Pintomyia monticola com um total de 15 (25,0% espécimes, a segunda foi P. pessoai com 14 (23,3% e a terceira Brumptomyia guimaraesi com 12 (20,0% indivíduos coletados. As demais espécies, Psathyromyia aragaoi, B. avellari, B. brumpti, B. cunhai, Pintomyia bianchigalatiae, Evandromyia termitophila e Nyssomyia whitmani somaram 19 (31,2% exemplares capturados. A presença de P. pessoai e N. whitmani indica risco de transmissão da Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana na área estudada.Distribution and ecology knowledge of sandfly species is essential for epidemiology vigilance and risk determination for transmission of leishmaniasis. Sandfly trapping was carried out in a cerrado strictu sensu vegetation fragment in a rural area of Corumbataí Municipality, São Paulo State, Brazil, during July to November 2004. Two CDC light traps were used from 18h to 8h, once a month, resulting in 112 total hours of capture. During this period, 60 sandfly specimens of ten different species were sampled. The most abundant species and the one found in all captures was Pintomyia monticola totalizing 15 (25.0% specimens, the second more abundant one was P. pessoai with 14 (23.3% and the third one was

  17. The role of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations: potential Leishmania spp. vectors in the Brazilian savanna.

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    Machado, Tâmara Dias Oliveira; Minuzzi-Souza, Thaís Tâmara Castro; Ferreira, Tauana de Sousa; Freire, Luciana Pereira; Timbó, Renata Velôzo; Vital, Tamires Emanuele; Nitz, Nadjar; Silva, Mariana Neiva; Santos, Alcinei de Souza; Sales, Nathyla Morgana Cunha; Obara, Marcos Takashi; Andrade, Andrey José de; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo

    2017-10-01

    Knowledge on synanthropic phlebotomines and their natural infection by Leishmania is necessary for the identification of potential areas for leishmaniasis occurrence. To analyse the occurrence of Phlebotominae in gallery forests and household units (HUs) in the city of Palmas and to determine the rate of natural infection by trypanosomatids. Gallery forests and adjacent household areas were sampled on July (dry season) and November (rainy season) in 2014. The total sampling effort was 960 HP light traps and eight Shannon traps. Trypanosomatids were detected in Phlebotominae females through the amplification of the SSU rDNA region, and the positive samples were used in ITS1-PCR. Trypanosomatid species were identified using sequencing. A total of 1,527 sand flies representing 30 species were captured in which 949 (28 spp.) and 578 (22 spp.) were registered in July and November, respectively. In July, more specimens were captured in the gallery forests than in the HUs, and Nyssomyia whitmani was particularly frequent. In November, most of the specimens were found in the HUs, and again, Ny. whitmani was the predominant species. Lutzomyia longipalpis was commonly found in domestic areas, while Bichromomyia flaviscutellata was most frequent in gallery forests. Molecular analysis of 154 pools of females (752 specimens) identified Leishmania amazonensis, L. infantum, and Crithidia fasciculata in Ny. whitmani, as well as L. amazonensis in Lu. longipalpis, Trypanosoma sp. and L. amazonensis in Pintomyia christenseni, and L. amazonensis in both Psathyromyia hermanlenti and Evandromyia walkeri. These results show the importance of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations in the dry month, as well as their frequent occurrence in household units in the rainy month. This is the first study to identify Leishmania, Trypanosoma, and Crithidia species in Phlebotominae collected in Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil.

  18. Sandfly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) from caves in the state of Rondônia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Guilherme Maerschner; Pereira Júnior, Antonio Marques; Resadore, Fábio; Ferreira, Ricardo de Godoi Mattos; Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes; Camargo, Luis Marcelo Aranha

    2016-01-01

    This study had the aim of ascertaining the sandfly fauna and possible presence of Leishmania in these insects, collected in caves in the state of Rondônia, Brazil. Collections were conducted in eight caves located in two different areas of this state. Leishmania in the sandflies collected was detected using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This was the first study on sandflies from caves in Rondônia and, among the total of 1,236 individuals collected, 24 species and 10 genera were identified. The species Evandromyia georgii was collected for the first time in Rondônia and the most abundant species were Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis with 448 individuals (36.2%), followed by T. octavioi with 283 (22.9%) and E. georgii with 179 (14.5%). For the PCR, 17 pools were analyzed and five pools were positive (forT. auraensis in three pools and for Nyssomyia shawi and N. antunesi in one pool each). The kDNA region was amplified and the presence of Leishmania DNA was confirmed. The sandfly fauna in these caves can be considered diverse in comparison with similar studies in other regions. It may be that some species use caves as a temporary shelter and breeding site, while other species live exclusively in this environment. The detection of Leishmania DNA indicates that this pathogen is circulating in cave environments and that further studies are needed in order to ascertain the risks of infection by leishmaniasis in these locations with high touristic potential.

  19. Spatial Distribution of Sand Fly Vectors and Eco-Epidemiology of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Transmission in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferro, Cristina; López, Marla; Fuya, Patricia; Lugo, Ligia; Cordovez, Juan Manuel; González, Camila

    2015-01-01

    Leishmania is transmitted by Phlebotominae insects that maintain the enzootic cycle by circulating between sylvatic and domestic mammals; humans enter the cycles as accidental hosts due to the vector's search for blood source. In Colombia, leishmaniasis is an endemic disease and 95% of all cases are cutaneous (CL), these cases have been reported in several regions of the country where the intervention of sylvatic areas by the introduction of agriculture seem to have an impact on the rearrangement of new transmission cycles. Our study aimed to update vector species distribution in the country and to analyze the relationship between vectors' distribution, climate, land use and CL prevalence. A database with geographic information was assembled, and ecological niche modeling was performed to explore the potential distribution of each of the 21 species of medical importance in Colombia, using thirteen bioclimatic variables, three topographic and three principal components derived from NDVI. Binary models for each species were obtained and related to both land use coverage, and a CL prevalence map with available epidemiological data. Finally, maps of species potential distribution were summed to define potential species richness in the country. In total, 673 single records were obtained with Lutzomyia gomezi, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Psychodopygus panamensis, Psathyromyia shannoni and Pintomyia evansi the species with the highest number of records. Eighteen species had significant models, considering the area under the curve and the jackknife results: L. gomezi and P. panamensis had the widest potential distribution. All sand fly species except for Nyssomyia antunesi are mainly distributed in regions with rates of prevalence between 0.33 to 101.35 cases per 100,000 inhabitants and 76% of collection data points fall into transformed ecosystems. Distribution ranges of sand flies with medical importance in Colombia correspond predominantly to disturbed areas, where the

  20. Phlebotomine fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and putative vectors of leishmaniases in impacted area by hydroelectric plant, State of Tocantins, Brazil.

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    Vilela, Maurício Luiz; Azevedo, Carina Graser; Carvalho, Bruno M; Rangel, Elizabeth F

    2011-01-01

    Although leishmaniases are regarded as serious public health issues in the State of Tocantins, as consequence of the impact of environmental changes, small advances in taxonomic and ecological studies of Phlebotominae fauna are taking place in this state. The present study aimed to improve the knowledge about the sand flies, as well as about the aspects of the bioecology of leishmaniases vectors from Porto Nacional, a city that was directly impacted by the construction of Luís Eduardo Magalhães Hydroelectric Plant (HEP-Lajeado). Sand flies were collected monthly using CDC light traps and Shannon traps for a period of 40 consecutive months, at different monitoring stations, where 7162 specimens were collected and 48 species were detected. Among the species found, 22 are first records in the state and seven are considered important vectors of leishmaniases. Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector of American Visceral Leishmaniasis (AVL) showed higher frequency in urban compared to rural areas, and Nyssomyia whitmani, the vector of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL), predominated in rural areas. The frequency and habits of sand fly vectors are discussed considering environmental characteristics and climatic factors. The construction of dams requires a great amount of labor, therefore attracting people from elsewhere. Increased migration, without adequate structure, leads to bad living conditions in new and unplanned settlements. It also leads to deforestation associated with environmental impacts, which can facilitate the spread of leishmaniases. This study discusses the importance of Lu. longipalpis and Ny. whitmani on the transmission cycles of leishmaniases in Porto Nacional and the record of Bi. flaviscutellata in periurban area of the city.

  1. Phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae in caves of the Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Eunice A. B. Galati

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with the phlebotomine species captured during the period from January 1998 to June 2000 in 12 caves located in the Serra da Bodoquena, situated in the south central region of Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Three of the caves are situated further north (in Bodoquena county, seven in the central area (Bonito county and two in the south (Jardim county. These last two caves and three of those in Bonito are located at the west side of the ridge. Eighteen species of phlebotomines were captured within the caves: Brumptomyia avellari (Costa Lima, 1932, Brumptomyia brumpti (Larrousse, 1920, Brumptomyia cunhai (Mangabeira, 1942, Brumptomyia galindoi (Fairchild & Hertig, 1947, Evandromyia corumbaensis (Galati, Nunes, Oshiro & Rego, 1989, Lutzomyia almerioi Galati & Nunes, 1999, Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912, Martinsmyia oliveirai (Martins, Falcão & Silva, 1970, Micropygomyia acanthopharynx (Martins, Falcão & Silva, 1962, Micropygomyia peresi (Mangabeira, 1942, Micropygomyia quinquefer (Dyar, 1929, Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939, Psathyromyia campograndensis (Oliveira, Andrade-Filho, Falcão & Brazil, 2001, Psathyromyia punctigeniculata (Floch & Abonnenc, 1944, Psathyromyia shannoni (Dyar, 1929, Pintomyia kuscheli (Le Pont, Martinez, Torrez-Espejo & Dujardin, 1998, Sciopemyia sordellii (Shannon & Del Ponte, 1927 and Sciopemyia sp. A total of 29,599 phlebotomine sandflies was obtained. Lutzomyia almerioi was absolutely predominant (91.5% over the other species on both sides of the Bodoquena ridge, with the exception of the southern caves in which it was absent. It presents summer predominance, with nocturnal and diurnal activities. The species breeds in the caves and was captured during daytime both in the dark area and in the mouth of the caves. Martinsmyia oliveirai, the second most frequent sandfly, also presents a summer peak and only predominated over the other species in one cave, in which there

  2. The role of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations: potential Leishmania spp. vectors in the Brazilian savanna

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    Tâmara Dias Oliveira Machado

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Knowledge on synanthropic phlebotomines and their natural infection by Leishmania is necessary for the identification of potential areas for leishmaniasis occurrence. OBJECTIVE To analyse the occurrence of Phlebotominae in gallery forests and household units (HUs in the city of Palmas and to determine the rate of natural infection by trypanosomatids. METHODS Gallery forests and adjacent household areas were sampled on July (dry season and November (rainy season in 2014. The total sampling effort was 960 HP light traps and eight Shannon traps. Trypanosomatids were detected in Phlebotominae females through the amplification of the SSU rDNA region, and the positive samples were used in ITS1-PCR. Trypanosomatid species were identified using sequencing. FINDINGS A total of 1,527 sand flies representing 30 species were captured in which 949 (28 spp. and 578 (22 spp. were registered in July and November, respectively. In July, more specimens were captured in the gallery forests than in the HUs, and Nyssomyia whitmani was particularly frequent. In November, most of the specimens were found in the HUs, and again, Ny. whitmani was the predominant species. Lutzomyia longipalpis was commonly found in domestic areas, while Bichromomyia flaviscutellata was most frequent in gallery forests. Molecular analysis of 154 pools of females (752 specimens identified Leishmania amazonensis, L. infantum, and Crithidia fasciculata in Ny. whitmani, as well as L. amazonensis in Lu. longipalpis, Trypanosoma sp. and L. amazonensis in Pintomyia christenseni, and L. amazonensis in both Psathyromyia hermanlenti and Evandromyia walkeri. MAIN CONCLUSIONS These results show the importance of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations in the dry month, as well as their frequent occurrence in household units in the rainy month. This is the first study to identify Leishmania, Trypanosoma, and Crithidia species in Phlebotominae collected in Palmas, Tocantins

  3. Genetic diversity and population structure in the Leishmania guyanensis vector Lutzomyia anduzei (Diptera, Psychodidae) from the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarpassa, Vera Margarete; Figueiredo, Adrya da Silva; Alencar, Ronildo Baiatone

    2015-04-01

    Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) anduzei has been recognized as a secondary vector of Leishmania guyanensis in the Brazilian Amazon region. Since L. anduzei is anthropophilic, co-exists in areas of high leishmaniasis transmission and has been found infected with L. guyanensis, the understanding of the vector population structure and of the process responsible for it is paramount to the vector management and control efforts. In this study we analyzed 74 and 67 sequences of the COI and Cytb loci, respectively, from mitochondrial DNA, aiming to estimate the intra-population genetic variability and population structure in six L. anduzei samples from the Brazilian Amazon region. For COI, we found 58 haplotypes, low to high (FST=0.0310-0.4128) and significant (P=0.0033) genetic structure, and reduced gene flow among populations. The haplotype network yielded many reticulations that likely resulted from hypervariability in the locus. For Cytb, we observed 27 haplotypes, low to moderate (FST=0.0077-0.1954) and nonsignificant (P>0.05) genetic structure for the majority of comparisons and extensive gene flow among populations, in line with the haplotypes network data. AMOVA analysis indicated that most of the variation occurred within populations (83.41%, 90.94%); nevertheless, there were significant differences (ΦST=0.0906-0.1659; P=0.00098; P=0.00000) among them for both loci. The Mantel test showed that the genetic structure is not associated to an isolation-by-distance (IBD) model in either of both loci. These data suggest that L. anduzei is genetically very diverse. The genetic structure lacking IBD may be due to adaptation to local habitats and the low dispersal capacity of the sandflies, and both could lead to population fragmentation and geographic isolation. These findings have important implications for epidemiology, surveillance and vector control and may be a first step in understanding the evolutionary history of this species. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights

  4. A systematic revision of Tatia (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae: Centromochlinae

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    Luisa Maria Sarmento-Soares

    Full Text Available The auchenipterid catfish genus Tatia is revised. Twelve species are recognized including three described as new. Tatia is diagnosed by the hyomandibula elongated anterodorsally, the anal-fin base of adult males reduced in length, and the caudal peduncle laterally compressed and deep with a middorsal keel. Tatia aulopygia occurs in the Madeira river drainage and is distinguished by the reduced cranial fontanel in adults and male modified anal fin with middle rays reduced in length. Tatia boemia, known from the upper Uruguay river drainage, is distinguished by its unique color pattern with dark chromatophores on the sides of body. Tatia brunnea from river basins in Suriname and French Guiana and the Negro river drainage, Amazon basin, is recognized by its wide head and mouth and by the male modified anal fin with sharply pointed tip. Tatia dunni, from the upper Amazon basin, is recognized by its narrow head, long postcleithral process in some specimens, and body coloration with irregular blotches or stripes. Tatia galaxias, endemic to the Orinoco river basin, is distinguished by its large eye and short snout. Tatia gyrina, distributed in the upper and central Amazon basin and in northern Suriname, has a uniquely reduced mesethmoid, slightly protruding lower jaw, second nuchal plate with slightly concave lateral borders, third nuchal plate reduced, small prevomer, low number of ribs, low number of vertebrae and sexual dimorphism regarding intumescent male genital papilla. Tatia intermedia, recorded from central and lower Amazon basin, Tocantins river, and coastal drainages in Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and eastern Pará State, Brazil, is distinguished by the short postcleithral process, small eye and long snout. Tatia neivai, from the upper Paraná river , Paraguay river and upper Paraíba do Sul river basin, is distinguished by its unique vertebral count and caudal-fin coloration consisting of transverse dark bars. Tatia strigata, from

  5. Níveis de energia metabolizável para frangos de corte de 1 a 21 dias de idade mantidos em ambiente de alta temperatura Metabolizable energy levels for broiler chicks from 1 to 21 days of age under high environmental temperature

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    Rita Flávia Miranda de Oliveira

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Quatrocentos e cinqüenta pintos de corte machos, Avian Farms, com peso médio de 48±0,3 g, foram utilizados em um experimento conduzido em câmaras climáticas, para avaliar o efeito dos níveis de energia metabolizável (2850, 2925, 3000, 3075 e 3150 kcal de EM/kg, entre 1 e 21 dias de idade, mantidos em ambiente de alta temperatura (34ºC e 60% UR. O delineamento utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, com cinco tratamentos, nove repetições e dez aves por unidade experimental. As características estudadas foram desempenho e composição de carcaça, em que a estimativa da exigência de energia metabolizável das aves foi feita por meio de regressão linear ou quadrática, conforme o melhor ajuste. O ganho de peso, o consumo de energia metabolizável e as deposições de proteína e gordura na carcaça aumentaram, enquanto a conversão alimentar dos pintos reduziu de forma linear com os tratamentos. O rendimento de carcaça das aves não foi influenciado pelos níveis de EM da ração. Os níveis de EM da ração modificaram a composição da carcaça e aumentaram o peso de gordura abdominal. Os pintos de corte de 1 a 21 dias de idade, mantidos sob alta temperatura, exigem, no mínimo, relação energia:proteína de 13,6 para melhor desempenho e deposição de proteína na carcaça.Four hundred and fifty Avian Farms male broilers chicks with 48±0.3g of live weight were used in an experiment carried out at climatic chambers to evaluate the effect of the metabolizable energy levels (2850; 2925; 3000; 3075 and 3150 kcal of ME/kg, from 1 to 21 days, maintained at high environmental temperature (34ºC and 60% RH. A completely randomized design, with five treatments (ME levels, nine replicates and ten birds per experimental unit, was used. Performance and carcass composition were evaluated and the metabolizable energy requirement of the birds were obtained by linear or quadratic regression, according to the best fit. Weight gain

  6. A influência da comunicação não verbal no cuidado de enfermagem La influencia de la comunicación no verbal en la atención de enfermería The influence of non-verbal communication in nursing care

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    Carla Cristina Viana Santos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é vinculado ao Núcleo de Pesquisa e Experimentação em Enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto UNIRIO, e que teve origem durante o desenvolvimento de um trabalho monográfico. O objeto constitui-se no significado da comunicação não-verbal sob a ótica dos graduandos de enfermagem. Apresenta como objetivos: Identificar o significado da comunicação não verbal para os acadêmicos de enfermagem e Analisar a influência da mesma no cuidado de enfermagem. A abordagem metodológica utilizada foi à qualitativa aplicando-se como estratégia a dinâmica de sensibilidade para a coleta de dados. Observa-se que os alunos da graduação identificam a importância e a influência da comunicação não verbal durante a assistência, entretanto, há a necessidade em se ampliar o conhecimento do processo de comunicação não verbal para implementação do cuidado de enfermagem.Este estudio está vinculado al Núcleo de Investigación y Experimentación en Enfermería de la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto UNIRIO, y que tuvo origen durante el desarrollo de un trabajo de monografía. El objeto se constituye en el significado de la comunicación no-verbal según la visión de los estudiantes de graduación en enfermería. Presenta como objetivos: Identificar el significado de la comunicación no-verbal para los académicos de enfermería, y Analizar la influencia de la misma en el cuidado de enfermería. El enfoque metodológico utilizado fue el cualitativo, y se aplicó la dinámica de sensibilidad como estrategia para la recopilación de datos. Se observa que los alumnos del curso de graduación identifican la importancia y la influencia de la comunicación no-verbal durante la asistencia, sin embargo, existe la necesidad de ampliar el conocimiento del proceso de comunicación no-verbal para la implementación del cuidado de enfermería.The present study is linked to the Center for Researching and Testing in Nursing at the

  7. Efeito da Proteína Bruta e de Diferentes Balanços Eletrolíticos das Dietas Sobre o Desempenho de Frangos no Período Inicial Effect of Crude Protein and Diferent Balance Eletrolytic of the Diets on Broilers Performance During the Starter Period

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    SA Borges

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Foram realizados dois experimentos utilizando-se 520 pintos machos de um dia para avaliar o efeito da proteína bruta (PB e do balanço eletrolítico (Na + K- Cl sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte no período inicial. O Experimento I (1 a 7 dias de idade das aves foi realizado em baterias, utilizando-se 160 pintos machos "Cobb", no Experimento II (1 a 21 dias foram utilizados 360 pintos machos "Aviam Farms" que foram alojados em um galpão experimental dividido em box. Nos dois experimentos as aves foram aquecidas com lâmpadas infravermelhas e receberam água e ração à vontade. O delineamento foi inteiramente casualizado, em um esquema fatorial 2 x 2 (PB x balanço eletrolítico - BE, com 5 repetições e 8 aves por unidade experimental no Experimento I e fatorial 2 x 3 (PB x BE, com 3 repetições e 20 aves por unidade experimental no Experimento II. Os níveis de K foram mantidos constantes, oscilando-se o Na e o Cl para obter os balanços eletrolíticos desejados. Os parâmetro de desempenho (consumo de ração, ganho de peso e conversão alimentar foram analisados no final de cada fase experimental. Em ambos os experimentos não houve interação entre PB e BE. Os níveis de 21,0 e 23,5% de PB não afetaram o desempenho das aves. Em dietas pré-iniciais e iniciais o melhor desempenho foi atingido com 260 mEq/kg.Two experiment were carried out using 520 one-day old male broilers to evaluate the effect of crude protein and of electrolytic balance ( Na+K-Cl in starter diet on broilers performance. The experiment I (1 to 7 days of age was accomplished in batteries, being used 160 one-day old male 'Cobb", in the experiment II (1 to 21 days of age, used 360 one-day old male "Avian Farms" that were housed in an shed experimental, divide in box. In the two experiments, the birds were heated with infrared lamps and they received water and ration at large. Experimental designs were completely randomized factorial 2x2 (proteins levels and

  8. A natureza dialógica da interacção verbal: análise conversacional de sequências narrativas em alguns textos literários do século XIX e XXI

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    Maria Antonietta Rossi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – The human communicative activity was always determined, over the centuries, by the use of conversational strategies that the interactants put in place in order to exchange information through illocutionary acts, characterized by various discursive and narrative sequences employed to get communicative purposes during the verbal interaction. Through the analysis of four dialogues extracted from two literary Portuguese language works of two different centuries, we demonstrate how the conversational structures of verbal exchanges have not changed over the time, despite the different schools and literary currents that have occurred since the medieval times until the contemporary era. The text chosen are taken from the novels A queda d'um anjo and Amor de perdição: memorias duma família of Camilo Castelo Branco (1825-1890 and from the contemporary work Não há coincidências of Margarida Rebelo Pinto: the choice of these extracts was not random, but taking into account the use of dialogue as a conversational technique, between characters, by these authors who use it in their fiction works in order to involve more actively the reader on the reported events. Keywords: conversation analysis, illocutionary acts, narrative sequences, Camilo Castelo Branco, Margarida Rebelo Pinto. Resumen - A actividade comunicativa humana sempre foi determinada, ao longo dos séculos, pelo uso de estratégias conversacionais que os interactantes põem em prática para trocar informações através de actos ilocutórios, caracterizados por várias sequências discursivas e narrativas empregadas conforme os fins comunicativos que os interactantes querem atingir durante a interacção verbal. Apresentando a análise de quatro diálogos extraídos de duas obras literárias em língua portuguesa pertencentes a dois séculos diferentes, vamos demonstrar como as estruturas conversacionais das trocas verbais não mudaram durante os séculos, apesar das diferentes

  9. The bio-positive effects of diagnostic doses of X-rays on growth of phaseolus-vulgaris plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mortazavi, S.M.J.; Mehdipour, L.A.; Behnejad, B.B. [Rafsanjan Univ. of Medical Sciences (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2006-07-01

    Objective: Plants absorb radioactive elements from phosphate fertilizers, and also from naturally occurring radiation in the soil, air and water. It has long been known that low doses of ionizing radiation evoke stimulatory effects in a wide variety of living organisms. However, as far as we know, there is no published report on the bio-positive effects of diagnostic doses of X-rays on plant growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bio-effects of low doses of diagnostic X-rays on growth rate of Phaseolus vulgaris (Pinto) plants. Materials and Methods: Before cultivation, Phaseolus vulgaris (Pinto) seeds were soaked in tap water for 2 days followed by another 2 days of covering under a wet cloth. Four hundred newly cultivated seeds were randomly divided into two groups of 200 plants each. In this experiment, two seeds were cultivated in each dish (100 dishes for irradiation group and 100 for sham-irradiation group). Fifteen days after starting cultivation, newly grown plants were irradiated with X-rays. Plants were exposed to a single dose of X-ray (80 kVp, 80 mAs) for 6 days. On day 29, plants were pulled out from the ' soil. Length of plant stem, length of root, number of leaves and plant weight were measured. Results: The stem length in irradiated and sham-irradiated plants was 296.5{+-}13.57 and 223.96{+-}15.02 mm respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Although the number of leaves in irradiated plants was higher than that of sham-irradiated plants (7.05{+-}0.18 and 6.74{+-}0.19 respectively), the difference was not statistically significant. The stem diameter in irradiated and sham-irradiated plants were 3.52{+-}0.12 and 3.35{+-}0.09 mm respectively, but the difference again was not statistically significant (P<0.00 1). Plant weight in irradiated samples was less than that of non-irradiated plants but it was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The overall results indicate that diagnostic doses of X-rays can

  10. Diagnosis and Modeling of the Explosive Development of Winter Storms: Sensitivity to PBL Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liberato, Margarida L. R.; Pradhan, Prabodha K.

    2014-05-01

    The correct representation of extreme windstorms in regional models is of great importance for impact studies of climate change. The Iberian Peninsula has recently witnessed major damage from winter extratropical intense cyclones like Klaus (January 2009), Xynthia (February 2010) and Gong (January 2013) which formed over the mid-Atlantic, experienced explosive intensification while travelling eastwards at lower latitudes than usual [Liberato et al. 2011; 2013]. In this paper the explosive development of these storms is simulated by the advanced mesoscale Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF v 3.4.1), initialized with NCEP Final Analysis (FNL) data as initial and lateral boundary conditions (boundary conditions updated in every 3 hours intervals). The simulation experiments are conducted with two domains, a coarser (25km) and nested (8.333km), covering the entire North Atlantic and Iberian Peninsula region. The characteristics of these storms (e.g. wind speed, precipitation) are studied from WRF model and compared with multiple observations. In this context simulations with different Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) schemes are performed. This approach aims at understanding which mechanisms favor the explosive intensification of these storms at a lower than usual latitudes, thus improving the knowledge of atmospheric dynamics (including small-scale processes) on controlling the life cycle of midlatitude extreme storms and contributing to the improvement in predictability and in our ability to forecast storms' impacts over Iberian Peninsula. Acknowledgments: This work was partially supported by FEDER (Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional) funds through the COMPETE (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade) and by national funds through FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal) under project STORMEx FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER- 019524 (PTDC/AAC-CLI/121339/2010). References: Liberato M.L.R., J.G. Pinto, I.F. Trigo, R.M. Trigo (2011) Klaus - an

  11. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539 Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539

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    Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12 anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and 6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  12. Composição química e valores de energia metabolizável de subprodutos agroindustriais determinados com diferentes aves - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i3.679 Chemical composition and values of metabolizable energy of alternative feedstuffs determined with different birds - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v30i3.679

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    Irani Ribeiro Vieira Lopes

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de determinar a composição química e os valores de energia metabolizável aparente (EMA e aparente corrigida pelo balanço de nitrogênio (EMAn do farelo da castanha de caju (FCC, do farelo de coco (FC e de dois tipos de levedura da cana-de-açúcar (LEV1 e LEV2 para pintos, galos e codornas japonesas. Três ensaios de metabolismo foram realizados utilizando a metodologia de coleta total de excretas. Os tratamentos consistiram em uma ração-referência e quatro rações-teste (40% do subproduto e 60% da ração-referência. Para todos os alimentos avaliados, os valores de EMA e EMAn determinados com codornas e galos foram superiores aos determinados com pintos. Para o FC e LEV2, os valores de EMA e EMAn obtidos com codornas foram inferiores aos obtidos com galos; entretanto, para o FCC, obtiveram-se maiores valores de EMA e EMAn com codornas. Independentemente do tipo de ave, os valores de EM determinados para a LEV1 foram superiores aos da LEV2.This experiment was conducted to determine the chemical composition and the values of apparent metabolizable energy (AME and nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn of cashew nut meal (CNM, coconut meal (CONM and two types of sugar cane yeast (SCY1 and SCY2 for chicks, roosters end Japanese quail. Three digestibility trials were carried out using the methodology of the total excreta collection. Treatments consisted of a reference-diet and four test-diets (40% of feedstuffs and 60% of reference-diet. The values of metabolizable energy determined with Japanese quail and roosters were higher than those obtained with chicks. For CONM and SCY2, the AME and AMEn determined with Japanese quails were lower than those determined for roosters, but the highest values of AME and AMEn for CNM were obtained with Japanese quail. Independente of the bird type the SCY1 showed higher values of AME and AMEn than those of SCY2.

  13. Composição química e valores de energia metabolizável de subprodutos agroindustriais determinados com diferentes aves = Chemical composition and values of metabolizable energy of alternative feedstuffs determined with different birds

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    Roberto Batista Silva

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de determinar a composição química e os valores de energia metabolizável aparente (EMA e aparente corrigida pelo balanço de nitrogênio (EMAn do farelo da castanha de caju (FCC, do farelo de coco (FCe de dois tipos de levedura da cana-de-açúcar (LEV1 e LEV2 para pintos, galos e codornas japonesas. Três ensaios de metabolismo foram realizados utilizando a metodologia de coleta total de excretas. Os tratamentos consistiram em uma ração-referência e quatro rações-teste(40% do subproduto e 60% da ração-referência. Para todos os alimentos avaliados, os valores de EMA e EMAn determinados com codornas e galos foram superiores aos determinados com pintos. Para o FC e LEV2, os valores de EMA e EMAn obtidos com codornas foram inferiores aos obtidos com galos; entretanto, para o FCC, obtiveram-semaiores valores de EMA e EMAn com codornas. Independentemente do tipo de ave, os valores de EM determinados para a LEV1 foram superiores aos da LEV2.This experiment was conducted to determine the chemical composition and the values of apparent metabolizable energy (AME and nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn of cashew nut meal (CNM, coconut meal (CONM and two types of sugar cane yeast (SCY1 andSCY2 for chicks, roosters end Japanese quail. Three digestibility trials were carried out using the methodology of the total excreta collection. Treatments consisted of a referencediet and four test-diets (40% feedstuffs and 60% reference-diet. The values ofmetabolizable energy determined with Japanese quail and roosters were higher than those obtained with chicks. For CONM and SCY2, the AME and AMEn determined with Japanese quail were lower than those determined for roosters, but the highest values of AME and AMEn for CNM were obtained with Japanese quail. Regardless of the bird type,the SCY1 showed higher values of AME and AMEn than those of SCY2.

  14. Atividade de Mansonia spp. (Mansoniini, Culicidae em fragmento florestal na área urbana de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil Mansonia spp. (Mansoniini, Culicidae activity in a restrict forest inside Curitiba urban area (Paraná, Brazil

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    Mario Antonio Navarro-Silva

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Fragmentos de mata no cenário urbano podem reunir condições favoráveis à reprodução de espécies de Culicidae. No Parque Regional do Iguaçu (Curitiba, Paraná existe uma série de cavas ou lagoas contendo vegetação aquática que pode ser utilizada pelos imaturos das espécies de Mansoniini. A investigação foi desenvolvida com objetivo de conhecer as espécies de Mansonia Blanchard, 1901 que exercem hematofagia no período diurno em área de mata no interior do parque. As coletas dos mosquitos foram efetuadas de setembro de 1999 a agosto de 2000. Três espécies de Mansonia foram identificadas, com os seguintes percentuais relativos: 74,7% de M. fonsecai (Pinto, 1932, 10,7% de M. wilsoni (Barreto & Coutinho, 1944 e 8,3% de M. tittilans (Walker, 1848. Quanto ao horário de atividade, as espécies ocorreram durante todo o dia em ritmo similar, com as seguintes médias horárias 9,5, 1,3 e 1,0 para M. fonsecai, M. wilsoni e M. tittilans, respectivamente.Vegetation islands surrounded by urban areas can provide favourable conditions to the development of Culicidae population. In Regional Iguaçu Park (Curitiba, Paraná there are many lakes with aquatic plants that can be used by Mansoniini immatures. The aim of this investigation was to know the Mansonia Blanchard, 1901 species that are blood feeding during the day in a wood area inside the park. The mosquitoes captures were carried out from september, 1999 to august, 2000. Three species that belong to Mansonia were identified, and the percentages were: 74.7% de M. fonsecai (Pinto, 1932, 10.7% de M. wilsoni (Barreto & Coutinho, 1944 e 8.3% de M. tittilans (Walker, 1848. By the analysis of the activity hour, the species were collected during all the day in the same rhythm, and the hours mean were 9.5, 1.3 e 1.0, respectively.

  15. Cem anos da Entomologia Forense no Brasil (1908-2008 One hundred years of forensic entomology in Brazil (1908-2008

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    José Roberto Pujol-Luz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos uma história do desenvolvimento da Entomologia Forense no Brasil e uma avaliação do estado da arte e perspectivas. Esses estudos no Brasil iniciaram-se em 1908 com os trabalhos pioneiros de Roquette-Pinto e Oscar Freire, que notaram a grande diversidade da fauna de insetos necrófagos e a impossibilidade de aplicação direta de métodos desenvolvidos na Europa. Nas últimas duas décadas a Entomologia Forense tem avançado rapidamente no Brasil, mas ainda existem lacunas importantes no conhecimento, especialmente com relação à taxonomia, biologia e ecologia dos principais grupos de moscas e besouros necrófagos e também falta de integração entre os entomologistas e a polícia judiciária. Atualmente existem no Brasil mais de 20 pesquisadores desenvolvendo pesquisas relacionadas com Entomologia Forense e algumas dezenas de peritos criminais com treinamento nessa área, em quase todos os estados brasileiros. Neste trabalho são também apresentadas algumas diretrizes para políticas de desenvolvimento deste campo de pesquisas no Brasil.The history of the development of forensic entomology in Brazil, its current status and perspectives are reviewed. Those studies in Brazil began in 1908 with the pioneer works conducted by Roquette-Pinto and Oscar Freire, who noted the high diversity of the native fauna of necrophagous insects and the impossibility of direct application of the methods developed in Europe. In the last two decades, forensic entomology advanced rapidly in Brazil, but there still are some important limitations, especially in relation to the taxonomy, biology and ecology of necrophagous insects and the lack of interaction between researchers and police investigators. Today there are in Brazil over 20 researchers involved with forensic entomology and tens of police investigators with some training in this field. Guidelines for the development of this field of investigation in Brazil are also presented.

  16. Contribuição ao conhecimento da fauna helmintológica do município de Alfenas, Estado de Minas Gerais Contribution to the knowledge of the Helminth fauna of Alfenas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    R. Magalhães Pinto

    1972-01-01

    Full Text Available De 176 necrópsias feitas em vertebrados, os autores coletaram diversos helmintos, nos arredores de Alfenas, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. A maioria das espécies aquí incluídas são redescritas e algumas delas, apenas referidas ou por já haverem sido apresentadas em trabalhos precedentes pelos próprios autores, ou por serem bem descritas atualmente, não se justificando um novo estudo. Com respeito aos Cestódeos, o propósito foi o de acrescentar alguns dados no que se refere à morfologia, com base nas descrições originais que são incompletas, em sua maior parte. São discutidos os seguintes itens: Freqüência das classes de vertebrados abatidos; parasitismo geral, por grupo de helmintos; parasitismo por grupo de helmintos, nos grupos de vertebrados. São apresentados também, comentários e figuras originais de cada espécie redescrita, bem como uma lista dos animais necropsiados.Several helminths were recovered, by the authors, from 176 Vertebrates shot at the outskirts of Alfenas, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, duringperiodical excursions, from 1967 to 1971. the animals were not chosen in a standard number of individuals within each Class. The authors tried to get a whole strin of Vertebrates in general. The species here listed are redescribed; some of them only refered, for either they were alredy issued in preceding papers by the authors, or are too well known by now, to justify a revision. Concerning on the Cestodes, their purpose was to emphasize the morfology, based on the imcomplete original descriptions of the species majority. The following items are discussed; Class frequency of Vertebrates shot; general parasitism by helminthic group. (This percentage is calculated, based on the infected animals and not on the whole set.; parasitism by helminthic group in each Vertebrate Class. Besides, they make Subulura freitaslauroi Pinto, 1970; synounnym of Subulura alfenensis Pinto, 1969 and propose a new combination for

  17. Estudio de las propiedades fisico químicas y calidad nutricional en distintas variedades de frijol consumidas en México

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    América Fernanda Fernández Valenciano

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción : El frijol común ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. es la leguminosa más importante para consumo humano en el mundo , es una fuente importante de proteína, calorías, vitamin as del complejo B y minerales . P o r lo que el objetivo del trabajo de investigación fue estudiar las propiedades f isico químicas y la calidad nutricional en las principales variedades de frijol consumidas y producidas en México, con el propósito de conocer sus beneficios nutricionales para el consumidor. Método : En este estudio se seleccionaron seis variedades de frijol más representativas y consumidas en México : Bayo, Negro, Peruano, Flor de Mayo, Alubia y Pinto, así como, una varieda d de frijol ejotero. A estas variedades se les determin aron las propiedades fisicoquímicas, C, H y N por medio del Analizador Orgánico Elemental Flash 2000. La determinación de Cu, Fe, Zn, Ni, Na, K, Ca y Mg se de terminó por espectrofotometría de absorción atómica y el P se terminó por espectrofotometría y metavandato - molibdato de amonio . Resultados : Se encontraron diferencias significativas en las propiedades f isico químicas, así como, en el contenido de macro y micronutrientes en las diferentes variedades de frijol estudiadas. En general, sobresali ó el frijol ejotero en las propiedades f isico químicas, contenido de micronutrientes y macronutrientes en relación a las variedades de frijol en grano. Discusión o Conclusión : La semilla del ejote presentó las máx imas concentraciones en proteína, N, P, K, Mg, Fe y Zn, mientras que las variedades de frijol de grano estudiadas sobresalieron en fibra (Alubia, proteínas (Pinto y Bayo, en Fe (Flor de Mayo. Por ú ltimo , resaltar que la variedad de frijol de grano estud iada que p resent ó un aporte bajo en proteína, contenido de N, Mg y Ca fue la variedad Frijol Peruano. Finalmente, se concluye que el frijol ejotero representa un gran beneficio para el consumidor por el aporte de prote

  18. Asignación sistemática y paleocomunidades inferidas a partir del estudio fitolítico de sedimentos cuaternarios de Entre Ríos, Argentina Systematic assignation and paleocommunities inferred by a phytolite study of quaternary sediments from Entre Ríos, Argentina

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    Georgina Erra

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de los fitolitos es una de las disciplinas paleobotánicas utilizadas para la reconstrucción de ecosistemas pasados ya que proporcionan un registro preciso de una parte de la vegetación, en áreas concretas y en un momento determinado. Teniendo en cuenta la importancia de estos análisis se estudió la composición y variabilidad fitolítica de los sedimentos loéssicos cuaternarios de la Formación Tezanos Pinto en el sudoeste de la provincia de Entre Ríos. Los datos de base obtenidos permitieron caracterizar la paleocomunidad existente al momento de depositación de los sedimentos loéssicos. Las formas encontradas corresponden tanto a microfitolitos como a macrofitolitos, siendo del tipo bilobados y polilobados (asignables a gramíneas de la subfamilia Panicoideae, tipo saddle (subfamilia Chloridoideae y tipo cónico o rondel (subfamilia Pooideae. También fueron hallados fitolitos provenientes de pelos, aguijones y ganchos, de células buliformes y de células largas (todos tipos celulares de origen epidérmico de gramíneas sin capacidad diagnóstica para diferenciar subfamilias, y otros producidos por taxones no graminoides (esféricos equinados provenientes de la familia Arecaceae.Phytolith analysis is one of the paleobotanic disciplines used for the reconstruction of past ecosystems, because they provide a precise record of part of the vegetation for a specific time and place. In this context, the composition and variability of phytoliths in Quaternary loessic sediments from the Tezanos Pinto Formation in southwestern Entre Ríos province was studied. The data obtained allowed characterizing the paleocommunity that existed at the time when the loessic sediments were deposited. The found forms correspond to microphytoliths and to macrophytoliths, being of the bilobate and polylobate type (described for Poaceae subfamily Panicoideae, saddle type (subfamily Chloridoideae and conical or rondel type (subfamily Pooideae. Also

  19. Impacto das variáveis ambientais em incubatório de estágio múltiplo de frangos de corte Impact of environmental variables in multi setter incubation in broiler's production

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    Marta S. Baracho

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visou a quantificar as características de resposta produtiva de pintos de corte provenientes de duas linhagens comerciais, em incubatório de regime de estágio múltiplo. Para tal, foram monitorados três lotes de ovos férteis em incubatório comercial, verificando o impacto das seguintes variáveis ambientais: temperatura, velocidade do ar, umidade relativa, concentração de dióxido de carbono e presença de fungos. O acompanhamento de pintos provenientes de duas linhagens comerciais distintas (Cobb® e Avian® foi feito em três lotes, quando também foram coletados dados de perdas. A análise de componentes principais foi empregada para associar as variáveis de ambiente, produção e perdas, observando a magnitude dos vetores. Os resultados mostraram que o ambiente de incubação influenciou diretamente no desempenho (qualidade, incidência de anormalidades e mortalidade das duas linhagens de frango de corte. Ambas as linhagens apresentaram perdas produtivas relacionadas à baixa temperatura de incubação na incubadora e no nascedouro, mostrando que a temperatura de incubação é o fator mais importante para que sejam alcançados índices produtivos ótimos.This research aimed to quantify the characteristics of the productive response of pullets from two distinct genetic strains in multi setter incubator. For this three batches of fertile eggs were monitored in a commercial incubator verifying the impact of the following environmental variables: temperature, air velocity, relative humidity, carbon dioxide concentration and presence of fungi. The follow up was done in three flocks of broiler pullets from two commercial genetic strains (Cobb® and Avian® also along with the data of losses. The principal components analysis was used for associating the variables of environment, production and losses by observing the magnitude of the vectors. Results showed that the environment of incubation influenced the performance

  20. Retropupillary iris claw intraocular lens implantation in aphakia for dislocated intraocular lens

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    Faria MY

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Mun Yueh Faria,1–3 Nuno Pinto Ferreira,1–3 Joana Medeiros Pinto,1–3 David Cordeiro Sousa,1–3 Ines Leal,1–3 Eliana Neto,1–3 Carlos Marques-Neves1–3 1Centro de Estudos da Visão, Universidade de Lisboa, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital de Santa Maria, 3Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal Background: Nowadays, dislocated intraocular lenses (IOLs and inadequate capsular support are becoming a challenge for every ophthalmic surgeon. Explantation of dislocated IOL and iris claw IOL (ICIOL are the techniques that have been used in our ophthalmic department. The aim of this study is to report our technique for retropupillar ICIOL.Methods: This study is a retrospective case series. A total of 105 eyes with dislocated IOL from the patients at the Department of Ophthalmology in Santa Maria Hospital, a tertiary reference hospital in Lisbon, Portugal, from January 2012 until January 2016, had been analyzed. Of these 105 eyes, 66 eyes had dislocated one-piece IOL and 39 eyes had dislocated three-piece IOL. The latter underwent iris suture of the same IOL and were excluded from this study. The remaining 66 eyes with dislocated one-piece IOL underwent pars plana vitrectomy, that is, explantation of dislocated IOL through corneal incision and an implantation of retropupillary ICIOL. Operative data and postoperative outcomes included best corrected visual acuity, IOL position, intraocular pressure, pigment dispersion, clinical signs of endothelial cell loss, and anterior chamber depth.Results: The mean follow-up was 23 months (range: 6–48 months. The mean preoperative best corrected visual acuity was 1.260±0.771 logMAR, and postoperative best corrected visual acuity was 0.352±0.400 logMAR units. Mean vision gain was 0.909 logMar units. The patients had the following complications: 1 retinal detachment was found in one patient, 2 corneal edema was found in three patients, 3 high intraocular pressure was observed in

  1. Novas contribuicões ao conhecimento do gênero Procamallanus (Nematoda, Camallanoidea On Brazilian "Procamallanus"

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    R. Magalhães Pinto

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores, continuando com o estudo dos Procamallanus brasileiros, propõem Procamallanus (S. solaini como espécie nova para o gênero. Redescrevem Procamallanus (S. iheringi Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928, depois de terem tido acesso ao material tipo e elucidado dúvidas a respeito de sua morfologia. Para Procamallanus (S. inopinatus Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928, tiveram a descrição de Pinto & Noronha, 1972 adaptada. De Procamallanus (S. amarali Vas & Pereira, 1934, tornam conhecida a fêmea da espécie e fazem uma breve redescrição do macho. Listam amostras de Procamallanus sp. que não conduziram a um diagnóstico preciso, devido ao seu precário estado de conservação. Foram examinadas amostras de helmintos que fazem parte da Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.Carryng on the work related to the Brazilian Procamallanus, we rectify a few statements as well as confirm several ones appraising former species proposed and inserted in this paper and arise a new one. 1. procamallanus (S. solani n. sp. was related to the nearest four brazilian species and their relationship is displaied on table I. 2 Procamallanus (S.inheringi Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928. The aspect of buccal capsule in males and females of our material was absolutely not that one described by Travassos & cols., since they were mistaken in their description, inverting the number of spiral thickenings in the buccal capsule of the latter. In order to compare our material with that assigned as type, we present camera lucida drawings and photomicrographies of both samples. 3. Procamallanus (S. inopinatus Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928. Its description and drawings were abridged and adapted from Pinto & Noronha, 1972. 4. Procamallanus (S. amarali Vaz & Pereira, 1934. We found among fully males of the species, only tiny and diaphanous immature female nematodes in which we could observe the genitalia and buccal capsule in several developing

  2. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública = Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State

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    Izabel Alencar Barros Vasconcelos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  3. Effect of chick weight on performance and carcass yield of broilers Influência do peso inicial sobre o desempenho e o rendimento de carcaça e cortes de frangos de corte

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    L.J.C. Lara

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The influence of weight classes (light, medium and heavy of Ross chicks on performance and carcass yield and main cuts, was studied using a completely randomized design with six replicates of 30 males and 30 females each. The chicks were fed on the same diets during the growing period (1-43 days. The live weight, feed intake, feed:weight gain ratio, viability, carcass yield and main cuts (breast, whole leg, wing and back and percentages of giblets (gizzard, liver, heart and guts were analyzed. The heavy weight class chicks were heavier (P0.05. The males showed higher carcass yield than the females of medium and heavy weight classes chicks. The whole leg yield of heavy weight class chicks was higher than the medium weight class chicks (PEstudou-se a influência do peso de pintos da linhagem Ross sobre o desempenho de 1 a 43 dias de idade e sobre os rendimentos de carcaça e de cortes nobres. Pintos das categorias de peso leve, média e pesada foram aleatoriamente distribuídos em seis repetições de 30 machos e 30 fêmeas cada. As rações utilizadas foram as mesmas para todos os tratamentos. Avaliaram-se o peso vivo, o consumo de ração, a conversão alimentar, a viabilidade, os rendimentos de carcaça e de cortes (peito, coxa, asa e dorso e a porcentagem de vísceras (moela, coração, fígado e intestinos. As aves da categoria pesada apresentaram maior peso (P0,05. Quanto ao rendimento de carcaça, os machos foram superiores às fêmeas nas categorias média e pesada. O rendimento de coxa mais sobrecoxa na categoria pesada foi maior do que na categoria média (P<0,05. Os tratamentos influenciaram o peso corporal, o consumo de ração, os rendimentos de carcaça e coxa mais sobrecoxa e não influenciaram a conversão alimentar, a viabilidade, o rendimento de peito e a porcentagem de vísceras.

  4. Leitura, princípios do sistema alfabético do português brasileiro e ensino de leitura/escrita

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    Onici Claro Flôres

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article is based on Aaron and Joshi (1989, GirolamiBoulinier, Pinto (1994, Pinto (1998 and Grabe (2009, researchers which had confirmed through their studies the need to link research on reading concerning the writing systems of the learners. The article also highlights the research of Scliar-Cabral (2003, a work in which the author makes a detailed study on the principles of the Brazilian Portuguese alphabetic system. In the aforementioned investigations, which mostly involved only the written alphabetic systems, the researchers based their studies on the analysis of phonological fundamentals of writing when the learner was starting to read, although the tradition of cognitive psychology is to investigate reading in a dissociated and independent mode. Therefore, the objective of this study is to propose the approach of reading difficulties, or lack of reading or even problems of reading learning in the school context, considering two analytical focuses: the nature of the orthographic system and the prevention and early detection of pathological cases (developmental dyslexia. For this purpose, two main sources of reading studies: biological (natural sciences and the human and social sciences (Fijalkow 2014. The proposal aims to collect information from different sources in order to enable the construction of an analytical foundation to support the elementary education teachers more effectively as it regards to the relations between reading, phonology and orthography in Brazilian Portuguese. According to this perspective, three reading routes are presented as an alternative for theoretical and methodological basis instead of dual route, which is usually referred in studies regarding the school context. Finally, the presented proposal is justified due to the nature of language (psychological and social; at last, it is reiterated that the focus set of reading/writing system requires a description/explanation placing the beginner in

  5. Lâminas de irrigação e coberturas do solo sobre a incidência da mancha fisiológica e produtividade do mamão "Golden" Irrigation dosages and soil coverings in the incidence of skin freckles and yield components of papaya ‘Golden’

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    Aroldo Gomes Filho

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nesse experimento, avaliou-se o efeito de diferentes lâminas de irrigação e coberturas do solo sobre aspectos qualitativos e de produção do mamão cv. "Golden" no período de dezembro de 2003 a novembro de 2004. Utilizou-se delineamento em blocos casualizados, com três repetições, em esquema fatorial. Os resultados encontrados demonstram uma alta correlação entre a época de colheita com a incidência da mancha fisiológica e as variáveis de produção. Com relação à mancha fisiológica do mamão (MFM, confirmou-se o aspecto sazonal de incidência, sendo que a cv. "Golden" apresentou a maior incidência do distúrbio no mês de setembro. Com relação às coberturas de solo, a cobertura morta se mostrou promissora para os fatores em estudo, ao contrário da cobertura verde com a leguminosa Arachis pintoe, pois a mesma, provavelmente, competiu por água e nutrientes com o mamoeiro, acarretando, assim, redução na sua produtividade.In this experiment the effect of different irrigation rates and soil coverings on qualitative aspects as well as yield components of the papaya cv. ‘Golden’ during the period December 2003 to November 2004 were evaluated. A randomized complete block design was used with three replications in a factorial scheme. The results demonstrate high correlation involving the factors harvest season, incidence of skin freckles and yield components. With relation to skin freckles a seasonal incidence was confirmed, showing that for cv. ‘Golden’, the major incidence of the disturbance was verified in September. The mulching treatment was promising for the factors studied, in contrast to the green covering using the leguminosae Arachis pintoe, due to competition with the papaya trees for water and nutrients, causing a reduction in the yield components.

  6. Stress and optimism of elderlies who are caregivers for elderlies and live with children.

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    Oliveira, Nathalia Alves de; Souza, Érica Nestor; Luchesi, Bruna Moretti; Inouye, Keika; Pavarini, Sofia Cristina Iost

    2017-01-01

    to evaluate the relation between stress and optimism of elderlies who are informal caregivers for elderlies and live with children. cross-sectional study on 50 elderlies who provide care to elderlies, live with children, and are registered in the primary health care. The interviews occurred in the participant's residence and we evaluated characteristics of the care-dependent elderly and of the children, sociodemographic characteristics, stress through the Perceived Stress Scale and optimism through the Pinto and Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale, in the elderly caregiver. For statistical analysis we used the Spearman correlation test. the mean level of stress was 23.9 points and of optimism was 3.3 points. Correlation analysis showed that the higher the level of optimism the significantly lower the level of perceived stress of elderlies who provided care to elderlies and lived with children. inversely proportional correlation was identified between stress and optimism. avaliar a relação entre estresse e otimismo de idosos cuidadores informais de idosos e que residem com crianças. Método: estudo transversal com 50 idosos cuidadores de idosos que residem com crianças e são cadastrados na atenção básica. As entrevistas ocorreram no domicílio do participante e foram avaliadas características do idoso dependente de cuidados e das crianças, características sociodemográficas, estresse por meio da Escala de Estresse Percebido e o otimismo por meio da Escala de Espiritualidade de Pinto e Pais-Ribeiro, no idoso cuidador. Para análise estatística foi utilizado o teste correlação de Spearman. o nível médio de estresse foi de 23,9 pontos e de otimismo foi de 3,3 pontos. A análise de correlação mostrou que quanto maior o nível de otimismo significativamente menor foi o nível de estresse percebido dos idosos cuidadores de idosos que residiam com crianças. foi identificada correlação inversamente proporcional entre estresse e otimismo.

  7. "Em todos os lares, o conforto moral da ciência e da arte": a Revista Nacional de Educação e a divulgação científica no Brasil (1932-34 "In all homes, the moral comfort of science and of art": the Revista Nacional de Educação and scientific dissemination in Brazil (1932-34

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    Regina Horta Duarte

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A Revista Nacional de Educação foi editada, entre 1932 e 1934, pelo Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, sob os auspícios do Ministério da Educação e Saúde Pública e direção de Roquette-Pinto. Seu objetivo principal era a veiculação de conteúdos de ciência, história e arte para um público mais amplo das várias regiões do Brasil. Os artigos são escritos por intelectuais da época, muitos deles atuantes cientistas do Museu Nacional, além de traduções de trechos de alguns viajantes. Cada um de seus números era impresso com custos reduzidos e em expressiva tiragem. Apresentando-se como iniciativa de uma República renovada, parte de uma estratégia mais ampla de inaugurar novas relações entre o governo e uma população a ser educada, a revista se autodefiniu como "um marco espiritual da nacionalidade", sintonizada ao ideal de um Estado cuja ação pedagógica constituísse um povo e uma nação.Between 1932 and 1934, the journal Revista Nacional de Educação was published by Rio de Janeiro's National Museum, under the auspices of the Brazilian Ministry of Education and Public Health and under the direction of Roquette-Pinto. Its main goal was to disseminate information on science, history, and art among a wide-ranging Brazilian public. The articles were written by the intellectuals of the day, many of whom were scientists at the Museu Nacional. The Revista also published translations of excerpts by a number of travelers. Every issue was published at a low cost, with a significant number of copies. The journal was touted as the initiative of a renewed Republic, part of a broader strategy of inaugurating new relations between government and a population to be educated. It defined itself as "a spiritual milestone in the Brazilian nationality" in tune with the ideal of a State whose educational initiatives were meant to constitute a people and a nation.

  8. CBIOS Science Sessions - 2015 - Part I

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    João Costa et al.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Redox modulation by SOD mimics in renal cancer: from etiology to progression; Modulação redox por miméticos da SOD no cancro renal: da etiologia à progressão; João Costa. Role of the Notch pathway in female reproductive function; Papel da via Notch na função reprodutiva feminina; Daniel Murta; Marta Batista; Alexandre Trindade; Elisabete Silva; Luisa Mateus; António Duarte; Luís Costa. Skin permeation and in vivo antioxidant activity of gelatin nanoparticles; Permeação cutânea e actividade antioxidante in vivo de nanopartículas de gelatina; Camila Areias de Oliveira Isolation, modeling and phytosome forms of antiproliferative compounds from Plectranthus spp; Isolamento, modelação e formulações fitossomais de compostos antiproliferativos obtidos de plantas do género Plectranthus; Diogo Matias, Marisa Nicolai, A. S. Fernandes, Nuno Saraiva, M. Fátima Simões, Ana Diaz Lanza, Catarina Pinto Reis, Patricia Rijo. Role of SOD mimetics in breast cancer metastization; Papel de miméticos da SOD em metastização do cancro da mama; Ana Catarina Flórido. Royleanone derivatives from Plectranthus grandidentatus and its topical application through drug delivery nanosystems; Derivados de roileanona de Plectranthus grandidentatus e a sua aplicação tópica em nanossistemas para veiculação de fármacos; Filipe Pereira, M. J. Cebola, Rita Sobral, Ana Diaz Lanza, Lia Ascenção, Carlos Afonso, Catarina Pinto Reis, Patrícia Rijo. Research in dental veterinary medicine; Investigação em medicina dentária veterinária; João Filipe Requicha. Marek's disease virus (MDV ibiquitin-specific protease (USP performs critical functions beyond its enzymatic activity during virus replication; O papel das proteases específicas da ubiquitina na replicação viral e oncoginese induzida pelo virus da doença de Marek; Inês M.V. Veiga, Keith W. Jarosinski, Benedikt B. Kaufer, Nikolaus Osterrieder.

  9. Spatial Distribution of Sand Fly Vectors and Eco-Epidemiology of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Transmission in Colombia.

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    Cristina Ferro

    Full Text Available Leishmania is transmitted by Phlebotominae insects that maintain the enzootic cycle by circulating between sylvatic and domestic mammals; humans enter the cycles as accidental hosts due to the vector's search for blood source. In Colombia, leishmaniasis is an endemic disease and 95% of all cases are cutaneous (CL, these cases have been reported in several regions of the country where the intervention of sylvatic areas by the introduction of agriculture seem to have an impact on the rearrangement of new transmission cycles. Our study aimed to update vector species distribution in the country and to analyze the relationship between vectors' distribution, climate, land use and CL prevalence.A database with geographic information was assembled, and ecological niche modeling was performed to explore the potential distribution of each of the 21 species of medical importance in Colombia, using thirteen bioclimatic variables, three topographic and three principal components derived from NDVI. Binary models for each species were obtained and related to both land use coverage, and a CL prevalence map with available epidemiological data. Finally, maps of species potential distribution were summed to define potential species richness in the country.In total, 673 single records were obtained with Lutzomyia gomezi, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Psychodopygus panamensis, Psathyromyia shannoni and Pintomyia evansi the species with the highest number of records. Eighteen species had significant models, considering the area under the curve and the jackknife results: L. gomezi and P. panamensis had the widest potential distribution. All sand fly species except for Nyssomyia antunesi are mainly distributed in regions with rates of prevalence between 0.33 to 101.35 cases per 100,000 inhabitants and 76% of collection data points fall into transformed ecosystems.Distribution ranges of sand flies with medical importance in Colombia correspond predominantly to disturbed areas

  10. Leishmaniasis transmission in an ecotourism area: potential vectors in Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Bruno Moreira; Maximo, Michele; Costa, Wagner Alexandre; de Santana, Antonio Luís Ferreira; da Costa, Simone Miranda; da Costa Rego, Taiana Amancio Neves; de Pita Pereira, Daniela; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2013-11-13

    The south coast of Rio de Janeiro State, in Brazil, is endemic for cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases and is frequently visited by tourists from different parts of the world. Since the complex epidemiology of leishmaniases demands local studies, the goal of this study was to investigate the phlebotomine sand fly fauna and leishmaniases transmission in Ilha Grande, an ecotourism area of Angra dos Reis municipality. Sand fly fauna was sampled in three monitoring stations using HP light traps in domiciles, peridomiciles and forests. Species abundance was evaluated by the Index of Species Abundance. A Leishmania natural infection survey was done using multiplex PCR and dot blot hybridization. During 15 consecutive months of sand fly monitoring, 1093 specimens from 16 species were captured. The potential leishmaniases vectors found were Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia, L. migonei, L. (N.) flaviscutellata, L. (Psychodopygus) ayrozai and L. (Lutzomyia) longipalpis. Five species were new records in Ilha Grande: L. (Sciopemyia) microps, L. termitophila, L. firmatoi, L. rupicola and L. (P.) ayrozai. Higher species richness was found inside forest areas, although potential leishmaniases vectors were present in deforested areas, peridomiciles and inside houses. Lutzomyia (N.) intermedia and L. migonei were the most abundant species. Females of L. migonei showed a high rate (10.3%) of natural infection by Leishmania (Viannia) sp., probably Leishmania (V.) braziliensis. The detection of leishmaniases transmission and potential vectors in Ilha Grande is of public health concern, especially because tourists are frequently visiting the island. Besides reinforcing the epidemiological importance of L. (N.) intermedia in Rio de Janeiro State, the role of L. migonei in cutaneous leishmaniasis transmission is highlighted with its high rate of Leishmania natural infection. The finding of L. (L.) longipalpis confirmed the human autochthonous case of visceral leishmaniasis from the

  11. Composition of sand fly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and detection of Leishmania DNA (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in different ecotopes from a rural settlement in the central Amazon, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagas, Erica Cristina da Silva; Silva, Arineia Soares; Fé, Nelson Ferreira; Ferreira, Lucas Silva; Sampaio, Vanderson de Souza; Terrazas, Wagner Cosme Morhy; Guerra, Jorge Augusto Oliveira; Souza, Rodrigo Augusto Ferreira de; Silveira, Henrique; Guerra, Maria das Graças Vale Barbosa

    2018-03-13

    Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are vectors of Leishmania species, the etiological agents of leishmaniasis, which is one of the most important emerging infectious diseases in the Americas. In the state of Amazonas in Brazil, anthropogenic activities encourage the presence of these insects around rural homes. The present study aimed to describe the composition and distribution of sand fly species diversity among the ecotopes (intradomicile, peridomicile and forest) in an area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis transmission and detect natural infection with Leishmania DNA to evaluate which vectors are inside houses and whether the presence of possible vectors represents a hazard of transmission. Phlebotomine sand flies were collected using light traps. A total of 2469 specimens representing 54 species, predominantly females (71.2%), were collected from four sites. Polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed on 670 samples to detect Leishmania DNA. Most of the samples (79.5%) were collected in the forest, with areas closer to rural dwellings yielding a greater abundance of suspected or proven vectors and a larger number of species containing Leishmania DNA. Nyssomyia umbratilis and Bichromomyia flaviscutellata were found near rural homes, and Ny. umbratilis was also found inside homes. Leishmania DNA was detected in different species of sand flies in all ecotopes, including species with no previous record of natural infection. There is no evidence that vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis are becoming established inside homes, but there are sand flies, including Ny. umbratilis and other possible vectors, in environments characterized by a human presence. These species continue to be predominant in the forest but are prevalent in areas closer to ecotopes with a greater human presence. The existence of proven or suspected vectors in this ecotope is due to the structural organization of rural settlements and may represent a hazard of

  12. Ecological aspects and molecular detection of Leishmania DNA Ross (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in terra firme and várzea environments in the Middle Solimões Region, Amazonas State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira Júnior, Antonio Marques; Teles, Carolina Bioni Garcia; de Azevedo dos Santos, Ana Paula; de Souza Rodrigues, Moreno; Marialva, Eric Fabrício; Pessoa, Felipe Arley Costa; Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes

    2015-03-25

    Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are insects of medical importance due to the role that some species play in the transmission of leishmaniasis. This work aimed to study some ecological aspects among sand flies fauna inhabiting two different environments: the várzea (lowland Amazonian forest) and terra firme (upland Amazonian forest), both located in Tefé Municipality, Amazonas State, Braziland to detect Leishmania infection in those phlebotomine populations. Sand flies were collected using HP light traps. Collection took place over the course of six months: January, February, April, August, September, and October of 2013. To detect natural infection by Leishmania, DNA samples were extracted from female sand flies and submitted to Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) targeting the kDNA gene; Leishmania species were identified by PCR-RFLP targeting the hsp70 gene and genetic sequencing. In all, 5,716 individuals were collected, and 46 species were identified. Trichophoromyia ubiquitalis (3,330 - 58.26%) and Nyssomyia antunesi (661 - 11.26%) were the most abundant species. Species richness was greater in terra firme environments (42 species) than in the várzea environments (22 species), and forests ecotopes (43 species) were richer than peridomiciles (28 species). DNA of Leishmania was found in Th. ubiquitalis and Psychodopygus davisi, both of which inhabit the terra firme environment and sequencing analysis confirmed the presence of Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni DNA in Th. ubiquitalis in Tefé Municipality. The high abundance of Th. ubiquitalis and Ps. davisi and detection of DNA of Leishmania sp. may indicate that both species could be putative vectors for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in the terra firme environment of Tefé. The sand fly fauna found in várzea is rich and diverse, exhibiting several species, nevertheless the seasonal hydric stress during part of the year that could influence the local diversity, if compared with other studies

  13. Preparation and Characterization of Proteinaceous Films from Seven Mexican Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.

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    Claudia Montalvo-Paquini

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Bean protein concentrate (BPC as a protein source from seven varieties of Mexican common beans (alubia, flor de mayo, garbancillo, peruano, pinto, mantequilla, and negro was utilized for formulating edible films (EF. EF were prepared with BPC (3% w/w and glycerol as a plasticizer by the casting method; their thickness, water content, soluble matter, protein solubility, color, puncture strength, elongation, water vapor permeability (WVP, and chemical properties (Fourier transform infrared, FTIR, and spectroscopy were evaluated. Tested EF had an average thickness of 0.045±0.001 mm. Good stability was observed since the studied polymers did not exceed 35% of the total soluble matter while protein solubilities were not greater than 3%. EF made from peruano bean protein presented a lower value of total matter solubility (25.38±2.24% than the other tested EF. A low value of WVP (2.06±0.25×10-10 g m/Pa s m2 was observed in films from negro bean protein, while EF from flor de mayo bean protein exhibited the highest values of puncture strength (17.35±0.82 MPa and elongation (38.21±0.64%. Most bean protein EF had reddish or brownish color; however, films from alubia and peruano bean proteins displayed light yellowish colors. FTIR spectra of EF revealed that glycerol did not react with the studied bean proteins through covalent bonds.

  14. Synthesis of fucosyl-containing glycoproteins of the vitelline coat in oocytes of Ciona intestinalis (Ascidia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosati, F; Cotelli, F; De Santis, R; Monroy, A; Pinto, M R

    1982-01-01

    The sperm receptors of the ascidian oocyte are located at the outer surface of the vitelline coat (formerly called the chorion). The fucose residues are the receptor's most important components for sperm recognition and binding. We asked whether the fucosyl-containing glycoproteins of the vitelline coat are a product of the oocyte, the follicle cells, or the test cells. Ovaries of Ciona intestinalis were injected with L-[3H]fucose and the progress of its incorporation was followed by using autoradiography and sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the injected gonads and of the isolated vitelline coats. We found that incorporation of fucose begins within the vitellogenic oocytes, and fucose slowly accumulates in the differentiating vitelline coat. At no time could fucose incorporation be detected in the follicle cells or in the test cells. Sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of vitelline coats prepared from the injected ovaries showed fucose incorporation into the same three glycoproteins present in vitelline coats from mature oocytes and identified by their affinity for 125I-labeled fucose-binding protein [Pinto, M. R., De Santis, R., D'Alessio, G. & Rosati, F. (1981) Exp. Cell Res. 132, 289-295]. A radioactive band not found in the mature oocyte was also present. Images PMID:6952240

  15. Status of the globally threatened forest birds of northeast Brazil

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    Glauco Alves Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Atlantic Forest of northeast Brazil hosts a unique biota which is among the most threatened in the Neotropics. Near-total conversion of forest habitat to sugar cane monocultures has left the region's endemic forest-dependent avifauna marooned in a few highly-fragmented and degraded forest remnants. Here we summarise the current status of 16 globally threatened species based on surveys conducted over the last 11 years. We found a bleak situation for most of these species and consider that three endemics: Glaucidium mooreorum (Pernambuco Pygmy-owl, Cichlocolaptes mazarbarnetti (Cryptic Treehunter and Philydor novaesi (Alagoas Foliage-gleaner are most likely globally extinct. Some positive news can, however, be reported for both Leptodon forbesi (White-collared Kite and Synallaxis infuscata (Pinto's Spinetail which may warrant re-evaluation of their respective red list statuses. We outline a road map to prioritise conservation interventions in the region directed at preventing the extinction of this suite of threatened bird species and their companion biota.

  16. Cérebro, linguagem e funcionamento cognitivo na perspectiva sócio-histórico-cultural: inferências a partir do estudo das afasias = Brain, language and cognitive functioning in the social-historical-cultural approach: inferences from the study of aphasia

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    Novaes-Pinto, Rosana do Carmo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa apresentar e discutir, criticamente, (i os princípios teóricos das abor- dagens sócio-histórico-culturais que guiam a pesquisa acadêmica no campo da Neurolinguística de orientação enunciativo-discursiva, mobilizando postulados fundamentais de Vygotsky e Luria, com relação ao funcionamento cerebral, bem como reflexões de Coudry, Franchi e Novaes-Pinto, no que concerne à concepção e funcionamento de linguagem; (ii questões metodológicas relativas às pesquisas qualitativas dos fenômenos afasiológicos, respaldadas pelos trabalhos de Freitas, Damico et al. , dentre outros; e, finalmente, (iii como os estudos de casos e as análises qualitativas contribuem para as pesquisas no âmbito da Neurolinguística, que visam compreender aspectos do funcionamento cognitivo e a relação entre cérebro e linguagem

  17. BALANÇO DE PESQUISAS SOBRE O ENEM: CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE A CONSTITUIÇÃO POLÍTICA DAS AVALIAÇÕES EXTERNAS / Balance of researches on Enem: considerations on the political constitution of external evaluations

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    Fabíola Matte Bergamin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetivou analisar a produção de dissertações e teses sobre o Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (ENEM, com o intuito de discutir as tendências e as abordagens desse tema no campo acadêmico, de acordo com trabalhos que são referência para os balanços bibliográficos, como Barreto e Pinto (2001. A escolha do tema se justifica pela centralidade que essa avaliação vem assumindo na formulação e implementação das políticas públicas relacionadas à educação. A partir da análise dos trabalhos encontrados, foi possível perceber a ausência de autores que discutem o ENEM como política educacional. Tal abordagem pode considerar alguns aspectos políticos constitutivos do ENEM, como a introdução da lógica mercadológica na educação e de noções de eficiência e qualidade. Palavras-chave: ENEM. Avaliação externa. Políticas públicas.

  18. Sucesso em concursos públicos: um estudo sobre memórias e práticas de leitura em sujeitos que ingressaram na carreira pública federal

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    Rita Signor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é traçar o perfil leitor de vinte sujeitos que ingressaram na carreira pública federal por meio de aprovação em concursos muito concorridos. Os dados foram gerados por meio de questionário com perguntas discursivas dirigidas para a investigação das memórias (GUEDES-PINTO, 1995 e práticas de leitura desses sujeitos. As bases que orientaram a análise foram Galvão (2004, Lahire (2008, Barton, Hamilton e Ivanic (2000, Kleiman (1995 e Street (1993;1995. Os resultados sugerem configurações de perfis “esperadas” em relação às trajetórias de leitura. Contudo, o percurso leitor de um dos sujeitos revelou uma configuração, que distante das influências familiares e escolares, colocou em evidência outras formas de mediação que foram determinantes para que o sujeito chegasse à elite escolarizada.

  19. Microwave and micronization treatments affect dehulling characteristics and bioactive contents of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oomah, B Dave; Kotzeva, Lily; Allen, Meghan; Bassinello, Priscila Zaczuk

    2014-05-01

    Heat pretreatment is considered the first step in grain milling. This study therefore evaluated microwave and micronization heat treatments in improving the dehulling characteristics, phenolic composition and antioxidant and α-amylase activities of bean cultivars from three market classes. Heat treatments improved dehulling characteristics (hull yield, rate coefficient and reduced abrasive hardness index) depending on bean cultivar, whereas treatment effects increased with dehulling time. Micronization increased minor phenolic components (tartaric esters, flavonols and anthocyanins) of all beans but had variable effects on total phenolic content depending on market class. Microwave treatment increased α-amylase inhibitor concentration, activity and potency, which were strongly correlated (r²  = 0.71, P < 0.0001) with the flavonol content of beans. Heat treatment had variable effects on the phenolic composition of bean hulls obtained by abrasive dehulling without significantly altering the antioxidant activity of black and pinto bean hulls. Principal component analysis on 22 constituents analyzed in this study demonstrated the differences in dehulling characteristics and phenolic components of beans and hulls as major factors in segregating the beneficial heat treatment effects. Heat treatment may be useful in developing novel dietary fibers from beans with variable composition and bioactivity with a considerable range of applications as functional food ingredients. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  20. Educação e cidadania: perspectivas da literacia digital crítica

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    Michele Mezari Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a research that investigated the concept of digital literacy in studies published in the Scielo Brazil, Portugal and Spain databases . From the concept as it is presented in the various studies the conceptualization of a critical digital literacy is pursued. This perspective refers directly to human formation in the contemporary world and to the relationship between education and digital citizenship. It considerates the understanding of the concept of technology in its ideological dimension, putting centrality in the condition of the subjects in the digital media. Three categories of analysis are explained by the study - Ideological Representation, Ideological Positioning and Ideological Production that seek to provide analytical subsidies for the state of appropriation of the subject in the perspective of critical digital literacy. The theoretical contribution is anchored in critical social philosophers such as Heidegger (2007, Marcuse (1973, Feenberg (2010, 2012 and especially Vieira Pinto (2005, Brazilian philosopher, among other authors who contributed to the debate and Concepts of technology and digital literacy.

  1. SUCESSO EM CONCURSOS PÚBLICOS: UM ESTUDO SOBRE MEMÓRIAS E PRÁTICAS DE LEITURA EM SUJEITOS QUE INGRESSARAM NA CARREIRA PÚBLICA FEDERAL

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    Rita Signor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é traçar o perfil leitor de vinte sujeitos que ingressaram na carreira pública federal por meio de aprovação em concursos muito concorridos. Os dados foram gerados por meio de questionário com perguntas discursivas dirigidas para a investigação das memórias (GUEDES-PINTO, 1995 e práticas de leitura desses sujeitos. As bases que orientaram a análise foram Galvão (2004, Lahire (2008, Barton, Hamilton e Ivanic (2000, Kleiman (1995 e Street (1993;1995. Os resultados sugerem configurações de perfis “esperadas” em relação às trajetórias de leitura. Contudo, o percurso leitor de um dos sujeitos revelou uma configuração, que distante das influências familiares e escolares, colocou em evidência outras formas de mediação que foram determinantes para que o sujeito chegasse à elite escolarizada.

  2. Variance in the chemical composition of dry beans determined from UV spectral fingerprints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnly, James M; Pastor-Corrales, Marcial A; Luthria, Devanand L

    2009-10-14

    Nine varieties of dry beans representing five market classes were grown in three locations (Maryland, Michigan, and Nebraska), and subsamples were collected for each variety (row composites from each plot). Aqueous methanol extracts of ground beans were analyzed in triplicate by UV spectrophotometry. Analysis of variance-principal component analysis was used to quantify the relative variance arising from location, variety, between rows of plants, and analytical uncertainty and to test the significance of differences in the chemical composition. Statistically significant differences were observed between all three locations, between all nine varieties, and between rows for each variety. PCA score plots placed the nine varieties in four categories that corresponded with known taxonomic groupings: (1) black beans (cv. Jaguar and cv. T-39), (2) pinto beans (cv. Buster and cv. Othello), (3) small red beans (cv. Merlot), and (4) great northern (cv. Matterhorn and cv. Weihing) and navy (cv. Seahawk and cv. Vista) beans. The relative plant-to-plant variance, estimated from the between row variance, was 71-79% for 25-40 plants per row.

  3. Genetics of resistance to the geminivirus, Bean dwarf mosaic virus, and the role of the hypersensitive response in common bean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Y-S; Gepts, P; Gilbertson, R L

    2004-03-01

    Bean dwarf mosaic virus (BDMV) is a single-stranded DNA virus (genus: Begomovirus, family: Geminiviridae) that infects common bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and causes stunted plant growth, and mosaic and mottle symptoms in leaves. BDMV shows differential pathogenicity in common bean, infecting germplasm of the Andean gene pool (e.g., the snap bean cultivar Topcrop), but not that of the Middle American gene pool (e.g., the pinto bean cultivar Othello). Resistance to BDMV in Othello is associated with development of a hypersensitive response (HR) in vascular (phloem) tissues. In this study, Middle American germplasm representing the four recognized races (i.e., Durango, Guatemala, Jalisco, and Mesoamerica) and the parents of Othello were inoculated with BDMV and a BDMV-green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter. All genotypes showed partial or complete resistance to BDMV and BDMV-GFP, indicating the widespread distribution of resistance in the Middle American gene pool. A number of BDMV-resistant germplasm did not show the HR, indicating it is not correlated with resistance. In the F(1), F(2), and F(3) of reciprocal crosses between Othello and Topcrop, a single dominant allele, Bdm, conferred BDMV resistance.

  4. Seletividade de inseticidas reguladores de crescimento e botânico no parasitismo de três espécies de Trichogramma em ovos de Duponchelia fovealis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Crambidae

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    Renata Rodrigues

    2017-04-01

    Abstract. Duponchelia fovealis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Crambidae is an exotic moth species which has become a key pest of strawberries in Brazil, causing severe damage in leaves and fruits. Insect growth regulators and botanical insecticides are promising chemical groups to control this pest due to their selectivity to natural enemies and to their lower toxicity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of five insect growth regulators and one botanical insecticide on the parasitism and emergence of three Trichogramma species on eggs of D. fovealis in the laboratory, in order to develop pest management strategies. The insecticides utilized in the tests were formulated from Diflubenzuron, Lufenuron, Pyriproxyfen, Methoxyfenozide, Tebufenozide, and Azadirachtin. D. fovealis eggs were immersed for five seconds in each of the chemical mixtures and after one-hour were offered to Trichogramma galloi Zucchi, Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner,or Trichogramma atopovirilia Oatman & Platner for parasitism. The insecticides were tested for their action on the parasitism and emergence of the F1 generation; the chemicals were then classified for their toxicity according to indices proposed by IOBC/WPRS. The insecticides affected parasitism and emergence differently, indicating different tolerances among the three Trichogramma species, and were classified as innocuous or slightly harmful to the three species under evaluation. However, lufenuron was moderately harmful to T. galloi and caused the highest reduction in parasitism by the parasitoid.

  5. Dynamical structure and risk assessment of 20th Century Windstorms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varino, Filipa; Philippe, Arbogast; Bruno, Joly; Gwendal, Rivière; Marie-Laure, Fandeur; Henry, Bovy; Jean-Baptiste, Granier; Mitchell-Wallace, Kirsten

    2017-04-01

    Windstorms play an important role in weather variability over western Europe. Strong winds associated with fronts and sting jets can lead to several social and economic damages. However, in addition to wind intensity, the displacement speed of the storm, its area and position are also important factors in determining loss. In this study we focus on windstorms associated with the highest damages of the 20th century, and we analyse whether the dynamical structure of the storm is related to its impact. First, we apply an extra-tropical storm tracking algorithm to the ECMWF ERA-20C reanalysis that covers the whole twentieth century and for the whole Northern Hemisphere. Secondly, using the same data, we compute the 3-hourly Loss and Meteorological index for 18 different European countries as in Pinto et al. (2012) with a 25km grid resolution. Thirdly, we develop a High-Loss Tracking Method that matches information from the Loss Index results and the trajectories tracked to systematically associate damages over a particular country to a particular storm. Such a combination provides information on the typical life cycle of storms that create strong damages over a particular country. Finally, only storms hitting France are considered. More than 1500 storms are detected over the whole period and their evolution is analyzed by performing various composites depending on their position relative to the jet stream and their region of impact.

  6. A corrupção de um só: os efeitos de sentido do conceito de corrupção nas reportagens de capa da revista Veja

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    Raphael Sansonetti Valverde

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1806-5023.2016v13n2p142 O presente artigo analisa dos efeitos de sentido do conceito ou noções de corrupção presentes nas edições da revista Veja no primeiro semestre de 2015. Os sentidos das posições da Veja são analisados em relação aos quatro casos de corrupção considerados mais relevantes nesse período tendo como base a Análise do Discurso de linha francesa (ORLANDI, 2013 e as contribuições de Céli Pinto (2011 e Jessé Souza (2009. Considera-se que as noções de corrupção presentes na Veja nessas edições tem como base as ideologias do patrimonialismo e do personalismo compreendendo a corrupção como tendo origem no estado em contraposição ao mercado. Desta forma a responsabilidade da corrupção é personificada de forma reducionista em agentes políticos de apenas um partido político.

  7. The identification of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus rondoni (Diptera: Culicidae in Mato Grosso, Brazil: an analysis of key character variability

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    Richard C. Wilkerson

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available A morphological study was made of a population of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus rondoni (Neiva and Pinto from northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. This population usually lacked the primary key character of a dark basal band on hindtarsomere 3, i.e., hindtarsomere 3 was all white as in most other members of the subgenus. It was determined that this species can be recognized instead by the presence of a dark spot on the thorax made up of a large dark prescutellar space that is contiguous with a concolorous central area on the scutellum. A secondary character of a dark area on the costa created by the fusion of the humeral dark, presector dark and sector dark proximal spots is also usually reliable. Regression analyses comparing the lengths and ratios of the dark bands on hindtarsomeres 2 to those on 3 describe a straight line relationship. This suggests that the "atypical" population is at one end of a character gradient. We propose that in the subgenus Nyssorhynchus individuals that have a long basal band on hindtarsomere 2 are more likely to also have a basal band on hindtarsomere 3. The pupal stage of this species has not been previously described. Reared-associated specimens from this study show that the pupa can be easily differentiated from all other Nyssorhynchus by the relatively stout, usually 2 or 3 branched (1-5, setae 1 and 5 on segments IV-VII.

  8. The transmission of suprapylarian Leishmania by bite of experimentally infected sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae A trasnmissão de Leishmania suprapilária pela picada do flebotomíneo infectado experimentalmente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Ryan

    1987-09-01

    Full Text Available Lutzomyia furcata transmitted Leishmania chagasi to a hamster 10 days after being experimentally fed on an infected spleen. An individual female Psychodopygus carrerai carrerai that had fed on a hamster lesion caused by Leishmania mexicana amazonensis transmitted this parasite 6 days later to another hamster. Transmission electron microscopy of this fly's head revealed a small number of degenerate promastigotes in the foregut, but only a few were attached.O protozoário Leishmania (L. chagasi foi transmitido experimentalmente a um hamster pela picada do flebotomíneo Lutzomyia furcata. Os insetos foram infectados através de uma membrana (pele de pinto, utilizando-se formas amastigotas provenientes do baço de um hamster infectado. O baço foi triturado em sangue de coelho. A L. (L. amazonensis foi transmitida a um hamster pela picada do flebotomíneo Psychodopygus c. carrerai, previamente alimentado em lesão de pele de um outro hamster infectado com o parasita. O exame desse flebotomíneo, através de microscópio eletrônico, revelou um número pequeno de flagelados degenerados, livres no lumen do intestino anterior.

  9. Determination of the protein quality of cooked Canadian pulses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosworthy, Matthew G; Neufeld, Jason; Frohlich, Peter; Young, Gina; Malcolmson, Linda; House, James D

    2017-07-01

    A study to determine the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score and protein efficiency ratio of nine different cooked Canadian pulse classes was conducted in support of the establishment of protein quality claims in Canada and the United States. Split green and yellow pea, whole green lentil, split red lentil, Kabuli chickpea, navy bean, pinto bean, light red kidney bean, and black bean were investigated. Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) and the protein efficiency ratio (PER) were determined using the appropriate rodent models. All pulses had high digestibility values, >70%, with PDCAAS values greater than 0.5, thereby qualifying as a quality protein in the United States, but only navy beans qualified as a good source of protein. All pulses except whole green lentils, split red lentils, and split green peas would qualify as sources of protein with protein ratings between 20 and 30.4 in Canada. These findings support the use of pulses as protein sources in the regulatory context of both the United States and Canada.

  10. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MÁRCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  11. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 25 de 2003 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  12. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 26 de 2004 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MÁRCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  13. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br EMÍLIAMARIA PEIXOTO FARIAS Universidade Federal do Ceará emiliafarias@globo.com ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia abralic@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br   NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

  14. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 24 de 2002 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br EMÍLIAMARIA PEIXOTO FARIAS Universidade Federal do Ceará emiliafarias@globo.com ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia abralic@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br   NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

  15. Increased fuel economy in transportation systems by use of energy management. Third year's program. Final report, May 1, 1976--July 1, 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beachley, N.H.; Frank, A.A.

    1976-07-01

    A report is given of the results accomplished during the third year of a three-year research program, the overall goal of which has been to conceive and evaluate practical ways to increase automobile fuel economy by energy management within the engine-transmission-vehicle system. The third year was devoted primarily to the detailed design, construction, and preliminary evaluation of a Flywheel Energy Management Powerplant (FEMP) installed in a Pinto. The vehicle has been built to experimentally verify performance simulations and to allow the practical aspects of a real flywheel vehicle to be studied. The FEMP consists basically of an internal combustion engine, a high-speed energy-storage flywheel, and a hydrostatic power-split continuously-variable transmission (CVT) system. The flywheel drives the car, and the engine comes on to ''recharge'' it (with efficient wide-open throttle operation) only when the flywheel speed drops below a predetermined value. The concept also permits effective and efficient regenerative braking. Computer simulations have indicated an improvement in city fuel mileage of about 50%, with improvements of 100% appearing feasible with further research. Preliminary testing of the car shows favorable performance.

  16. Relación del y el rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiantes se enfrentan cada vez más a retos y exigencias del medio que demandan una gran cantidad de recursos físicos y psicológicos de diversa índole. Muchos de ellos dejan sus estudios o disminuyen de manera considerable su rendimiento académico sin encontrar una explicación. Dos variables que han sido poco estudiadas en nuestro contexto y que pueden dar claridad a buena parte de esta situación son el burnout y la satisfacción. En esta investigación se estableció la relación del burnout, el rendimiento académico, con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en una muestra de 202 universitarios de la jornada nocturna de una universidad privada de Barranquilla, quienes respondieron el MBI-SS (Schaufeli, Martínez, Marques Pinto, Salanova, & Bakker, 2002. Los resultados indican correlaciones negativas entre agotamiento, cinismo, autoeficacia y rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente al estudio, mientras que el vigor, dedicación y absorción se correlacionaron positivamente con esta. Por otro lado, el buen funcionamiento académico se correlaciona positivamente con las dimensiones del engagement y negativamente con el cinismo; de manera particular, ninguna de las variables se correlaciona con el agotamiento, a pesar de evidenciar cinismo y baja autoeficacia.

  17. Relación del burnout y el rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiantes se enfrentan cada vez más a retos y exigencias del medio que demandan una gran cantidad de recursos físicos y psicológicos de diversa índole. Muchos de ellos dejan sus estudios o disminuyen de manera considerable su rendimiento académico sin encontrar una explicación. Dos variables que han sido poco estudiadas en nuestro contexto y que pueden dar claridad a buena parte de esta situación son el burnout y la satisfacción. En esta investigación se estableció la relación del burnout, el rendimiento académico, con la satisfacción frente a los estudios en una muestra de 202 universitarios de la jornada nocturna de una universidad privada de Barranquilla, quienes respondieron el MBI-SS (Schaufeli, Martínez, Marques Pinto, Salanova, & Bakker, 2002. Los resultados indican correlaciones negativas entre agotamiento, cinismo, autoeficacia y rendimiento académico con la satisfacción frente al estudio, mientras que el vigor, dedicación y absorción se correlacionaron positivamente con esta. Por otro lado, el buen funcionamiento académico se correlaciona positivamente con las dimensiones del engagement y negativamente con el cinismo; de manera particular, ninguna de las variables se correlaciona con el agotamiento, a pesar de evidenciar cinismo y baja autoeficacia.

  18. Presencia de Trachemys Agassiz, 1857 (Testudines, Emydidae en el Pleistoceno tardío del centro de la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabrera, Mario R.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se describen restos del caparazón de una tortuga que constituyen el primer registro del género dulceacuícola Trachemys Agassiz, 1857 y de la familia Emydidae Rafinesque, 1815 en la provincia de Córdoba, y el hallazgo más occidental de ambos en la Argentina. Los materiales recuperados consisten en la placa proneural, las placas pleurales IV y VIII derechas y fragmentos de las placas pleurales III y IV izquierdas, epiplastron, hioplastron e hipoplastron derechos, más tres fragmentos indeterminables. Los restos provienendel Sitio El Silencio (30°53’20" S, 62°49’29" W, un yacimiento paleontológico de edad Pleistoceno tardío - Holoceno temprano, expuesto en la costa de la actual laguna Mar Chiquita, en un nivel de limo con intercalaciones de carbonato de calcio asignado a la Formación Tezanos Pinto, cuya depositación se produjo entre los 36.000 y 8.000 AP. El registro esrelacionado con un evento húmedo acontecido entre los 16.500 y 15.500 años AP, que pudo haber sido lo suficientemente marcado y sostenido como para posibilitar el ingreso deTrachemys (y otros taxones vertebrados durante el Pleistoceno a cercanías de la laguna Mar Chiquita, unos 220 km hacia el oeste de su distribución actual.

  19. Cor, intelectuais e nação na sociologia de Guerreiro Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Chor Maio

    Full Text Available Resumo:Este artigo analisa os estudos sociológicos de Guerreiro Ramos sobre as relações raciais no Brasil durante seu engajamento no Teatro Experimental do Negro e por ocasião de suas críticas aos estudos da Unesco, sobretudo nos debates com os sociólogos Luiz de Aguiar Costa Pinto e Roger Bastide, quando já se tornara um intelectual vinculado ao Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos Sociais e Políticos (IBESP, futuro ISEB. A produção sociológica de Guerreiro Ramos não apenas apresenta o ambiente intelectual, os padrões de trabalho científico no domínio da sociologia, mas também revela os impactos dessas investigações na prática das ciências sociais no Brasil. As controvérsias denotam o desenvolvimento da institucionalização das Ciências Sociais marcado por disputas quanto aos rumos que este processo deveria tomar em um país em acelerado processo de mudança social.

  20. Transmission of Leishmania in coffee plantations of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Alexander

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Transmission of Leishmania was studied in 27 coffee plantations in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais. Eighteen females and six males (11.6% of the people tested, aged between 7-65 gave a positive response to the Montenegro skin test. Awareness of sand flies based on the ability of respondents to identify the insects using up to seven predetermined characteristics was significantly greater among inhabitants of houses occupied by at least one Mn+ve individual. Five species of phlebotomine sand fly, including three suspected Leishmania vectors, were collected within plantations under three different cultivation systems. Four of these species i.e., Lu. fischeri (Pinto 1926, Lu. migonei (França 1920, Lu. misionensis (Castro 1959 and Lutzomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho 1939 were collected in an organic plantation and the last of these was also present in the other two plantation types. The remaining species, Lu. intermedia (Lutz & Neiva 1912, was collected in plantations under both the "adensado" and "convencional" systems. The results of this study indicate that transmission of Leishmania to man in coffee-growing areas of Minas Gerais may involve phlebotomine sand flies that inhabit plantations.