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Sample records for nutritional knowledge attitude

  1. Nutritional knowledge and attitudes of dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietz, C L; Fryer, B A; Fryer, H C

    1980-03-01

    The nutritional knowledge and attitudes of 230 dental students were studied. The students answered 68.6% of the nutritional knowledge questions currectly, but the test scores were low because they were adversely affected by the degree of certainty. First-year students scored significantly higher than fourth-year students. There was no significant difference between scores of men and women. Knowledge scores were highest for questions on nutrition and oral health and lowest for those on nutritional assessment. Dental students generally expressed favorable attitudes toward nutrition and nutritional care of patients. They agreed that dentists were vital members of the health team and had a responsibility to become involved in health screening and nutrition education of patients. Dietitians were seen as valuable resources to be consulted about nutrition education of the dental patient. More first-year students supported the idea that dentists should prescribe nutritoinal supplements for patients, whereas more fourth-year students were undecided about this matter. There were no differences in nutrition attitude scores attributable to gender of the student or year in dental school. In this study, nutritional knowledge scores did not correlate with nutrition attitude scores.

  2. Knowledge, attitudes and practices in the provision of nutritional care.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fletcher, Antoinette

    2012-02-01

    The nutritional care of patients is one of the primary responsibilities of all registered nurses (Persenius et al, 2008). A poor nutritional status can lead to malnutrition, which can have serious consequences for an individual\\'s quality of life (Field and Smith, 2008). This paper commences with an introduction to the concept of nutrition, provides an overview of nutritional guidelines and nutritional screening tools which identify those at risk of malnutrition. It reviews the literature on nurses\\' knowledge, attitudes and practices in the provision of nutritional care and debates challenges and opportunities encountered to help nurses ensure adequate patient nutrition.

  3. Interrelationships among Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors and Body Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dissen, Anthony R.; Policastro, Peggy; Quick, Virginia; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Little is known about interrelationships among nutrition knowledge, attitude, dietary intake, and body satisfaction, which are important variables that play a role in nutrition education interventions. This paper aims to focus on these interrelationships. Design/methodology/approach: Students (n = 279; 20.12 plus or minus 1.75SD years)…

  4. Nurses knowledge and attitudes regarding nutrition in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endevelt, R; Werner, P; Goldman, D; Karpati, T

    2009-06-01

    Nurses in the community are in contact with the elderly at different levels of care. The aim of this study was to assess nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding nutritional-care for the elderly, and the impact of their attitude on the quality of assessment-care they provide to this growing population in need of nutritional-care. A structured questionnaire was distributed by mail to 600 nurses working in Maccabi-Health-Care-Services (MHS). The questionnaire assessed different aspects of elderly nutrition. The vast majority (91%) of the participants reported treating elderly in their practice. Religious nurses and the nurses with an individual orientation specialty reported more positive attitudes about nutritional-care for the elderly than others did (p=0.05). Nurses with a bachelor's degree had better attitudes than registered nurses about the importance of nutrition for the elderly (p nurses were found to be more knowledgeable than older ones (p nurses perceived nutrition as influencing different health conditions, and 85% pointed to the importance of feeding at the end of life. Nurses working in the community recognize the impact of proper nutrition on elderly patients' health, but need more training in screening for nutritional problems in the elderly.

  5. Nurses' positive attitudes to nutritional management but limited knowledge of nutritional assessment in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H; Choue, R

    2009-09-01

    Nurses' involvement in nutritional management has received greater emphasis as an accountable factor for the nutritional status of patients. Studies have shown that there are deficiencies in awareness of the importance of nutritional assessment and limited nutritional knowledge in nurses. The purpose of this study was to investigate nutritional attitudes and knowledge of nurses working in the hospital environment. A questionnaire survey was conducted. It is focused on nutritional management with regard to assessment of nutritional status and implementation of nutritional care. Nurses were recruited from the university hospital in Seoul, Korea. A majority of nurses had positive attitudes towards patients' nutritional status and had a high desire to receive nutritional information. However, they had limited knowledge of nutrition, especially nutritional assessment criteria which are basic to the evaluation of patient's nutritional status. Nurses did not perform the nutritional assessment appropriately in practice. These findings suggest that nurses have limited nutritional knowledge and they use nutritional assessment criteria poorly in clinical settings. This study provides a framework for developing nutritional management programmes and a standardized protocol for nutritional assessment.

  6. Breast-feeding: knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate nutrition majors

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    A sample of, forty-five undergraduate nutrition majors from San Jose State University (SJSU) in the United States and forty-six from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas) in Brazil completed a 9uestionnaire elaborated to compare their' breast feeding experience, knowledge and attitudes. Results showed that 44.4% of SJSU and 80.4% of PUC-Campinas .students had been breast-fed (p=0.01). Although students intended to breast-feed, both groups had a negative attitude toward b...

  7. Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, and Confidence of Australian General Practice Registrars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caryl A. Nowson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and confidence were assessed in General Practice Registrars (GPRs throughout Australia. Of approximately 6,000 GPRs invited to complete a nutrition survey, 93 respondents (2% completed the online survey, with 89 (20 males, 69 females providing demographic and educational information. Fifty-one percent had graduated from medical school within the last two years. From a list of 11 dietary strategies to reduce cardiovascular risk, respondents selected weight loss (84%, reducing saturated fats (90%, a maximum of two alcoholic drinks/day (82%, and increasing vegetables (83% as “highly appropriate” strategies, with only 51% indicating that salt reduction was “highly appropriate.” Two-thirds of registrars felt “moderately” (51% or “very” confident (16% providing nutrition advice. Most of them (84% recalled receiving information during training, but only 34% recalled having to demonstrate nutritional knowledge. The results indicate that this group of Australian GPRs understood most of the key dietary recommendations for reducing cardiovascular risk but lacked consensus regarding the recommendation to reduce salt intake and expressed mixed levels of confidence in providing nutritional advice. Appropriate nutrition education before and after graduation is recommended for GPRs to ensure the development of skills and confidence to support patients to make healthy dietary choices and help prevent chronic diseases.

  8. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours: Eating habits among students of nutrition.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To value in which proportion the nutrition knowledge guarantees in keeping with a healthy diet pattern behaviours. Method: Descriptive, transversal study, carried out with 50 second-year students belonging to the career in Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Seville (Spain, all of them females, with mean age of 21.16 years old. The collection of data related to the daily food ingestion was made following the 24-hours-recount technique and using two tables of food composition for the calculation of the contribution. Students have followed matters such as basic nutrition and life cycle, bromatology, nutrition education and dietetics. Results: There is an absolute fast from breakfast till lunch in more than half of the cases, 16% of the students do not eat anything during the evening, either; and in 20% of the cases the daily food consists in breakfast, lunch and dinner. From an energetic point of view, there is an hypocaloric pattern and, concerning macronutrients, an ingestion excess of fats and proteins. Fibre ingestion remains under current recommendations and iron -in an almost 60%-, calcium and folic acid ingestion are also deficient. Conclusions: It seems as if social pressure and feeding fashions had more weight at the time of determining the attitudes and behaviours in front of food than the fact of owning suitable knowledge on the matter. It is not likely that having that knowledge, even as in our sample, at a technical level, can guarantee proper behaviours and therefore a healthful feeding behaviour.

  9. Breast-feeding: knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate nutrition majors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erly Catarina Moura

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available A sample of, forty-five undergraduate nutrition majors from San Jose State University (SJSU in the United States and forty-six from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUC-Campinas in Brazil completed a 9uestionnaire elaborated to compare their' breast feeding experience, knowledge and attitudes. Results showed that 44.4% of SJSU and 80.4% of PUC-Campinas .students had been breast-fed (p=0.01. Although students intended to breast-feed, both groups had a negative attitude toward breast-feeding in public: SJSU students (56.8% felt social pressures to not breast=feed in public, and PUC-Campinas students (54.3% expressed personal constraint. SJSU students emphasized convenience, and PUC-Campinas students mentioned, immunological factors as advantages of breast-feeding. PUC-Campinas students considered protection as an advantage of formula, feeding. Concerning causal factors for breast feeding failure, SJSU students cited negative social pressure and biological problems, and PUC-Campinas students mentioned, lack of information. In conclusion, it is necessary to improve the curricula, if we expect future nutrition professionals to have adequate knowledge to promote and choose breast feeding successfully.

  10. Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and fat intake: application of the theory of reasoned action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, R; Towler, G

    2007-06-01

    Validated questionnaires eliciting information on nutrition knowledge and attitudes, related to fat intake from meat, meat products, dairy products and fried foods, were completed by 538 subjects. There were high correlations (ranging from 0.40 to 0.77) between the sums of belief-evaluations, attitudes, intention and self-reported behaviour, with similar correlations for a subgroup of males aged 35-54 years. Nutrition knowledge, showed some statistically significant (but small) negative correlations with components of attitudes. Females had higher nutrition knowledge scores and more negative views of the foods than did males. Fat intake, measured using 3 day weighed intakes, correlated with self-reported behaviour (r = 0.55, p<0.01) in a subsample of 30 males, aged 35-54 years. Thus, nutrition knowledge seems less clearly related to consumption of these foods than are more specific beliefs and attitudes.

  11.  Effect of Mothers Nutritional Knowledge and Attitudes on Omani Children’s Dietary Intake

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    Saif Al-Tobi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available  Objectives: The study investigates the dietary intakes of Omani preschoolers and associations with both socio-demographic characteristics and the mother’s nutritional knowledge and attitudes.Methods: A sample of 154 parents of preschoolers completed a questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, a food-frequency questionnaire to assess children’s food intake, nutritional knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating.Results: The results showed a lower dietary adequacy of children’s food intake in mothers with low educational levels, high-ranked occupation, and lower levels of both nutritional knowledge and food related health attitudes. The highest food intake and healthy eating attitude scores were found in children of mothers with high education level and mother without a job. The association of the dietary adequacy with socio-demographic background can help the Omani healthcare decision makers to develop better-tailored nutrition interventions which are more suitable for the Omani community.Conclusion: The results from this study of mothers’ nutritional knowledge and attitudes support the inclusion of knowledge and attitudes in dietary interventions.

  12. Nutrition education and knowledge, attitude and hemoglobin status of Malaysian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusoff, Hafzan; Daud, Wan Nudri Wan; Ahmad, Zulkifli

    2012-01-01

    A higher occurrence of iron deficiency anemia is present in rural Malaysia than urban Malaysia due to a lower socio-economic status of rural residents. This study was conducted in Tanah Merah, a rural district of Kelantan, Malaysia. Our objective was to investigate the impact of nutrition education alone, daily iron, folate and vitamin C supplementation or both on knowledge, attitudes and hemoglobin status of adolescent students. Two hundred eighty fourth year secondary students were each assigned by school to 1 of 4 different treatment groups. Each intervention was carried out for 3 months followed by 3 months without treatment. A validated self-reported knowledge and attitude questionnaire was administered; hemoglobin levels were measured before and after intervention. At baseline, no significant difference in hemoglobin was noted among the 4 groups (p = 0.06). The changes in hemoglobin levels at 3 months were 11, 4.6, 3.9 and -3.7% for the supplementation, nutrition education, combination and control groups, respectively. The changes at 6 months were 1.0, 6.8, 3.7 and -14.8%, respectively. Significant improvements in knowledge and attitude were evidenced in both the nutritional education and combination groups. The supplementation and control groups had no improvement in knowledge or attitudes. This study suggests nutritional education increases knowledge, attitudes and hemoglobin levels among Malaysian secondary school adolescents.

  13. Nutrition attitudes and knowledge in medical students after completion of an integrated nutrition curriculum compared to a dedicated nutrition curriculum: a quasi-experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Carolyn O; Ziniel, Sonja I; Delichatsios, Helen K; Ludwig, David S

    2011-08-12

    Nutrition education has presented an ongoing challenge to medical educators. In the 2007-2008 academic year, Harvard Medical School replaced its dedicated Preventive Medicine and Nutrition course with an integrated curriculum. The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of the curriculum change on medical student attitudes and knowledge about nutrition. A survey was administered in a quasi-experimental design to students in the last class of the dedicated curriculum (n = 131) and the first class of the integrated curriculum (n = 135) two years after each class completed the required nutrition course. Main measures were attitude scores based on modified Nutrition in Patient care Survey and satisfaction ratings, performance on a nutrition knowledge test, and demographic variables. Two-tailed t-tests were performed. Response rates were 50.4% and 42.2%. There were no differences between the groups in attitude scores from the Nutrition in Patient care Survey (p = 0.43) or knowledge scores (p = 0.63). Students with the integrated curriculum were less satisfied with both the quantity (p nutrition education, and were more likely to have completed optional online nutrition training modules (p = 0.0089). Medical student attitudes and knowledge about nutrition were not affected by the model of nutrition education they receive, though students in an integrated curriculum may feel their education is inadequate and seek additional training.

  14. Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices among senior medical students in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, S P; Liu, J F; Shieh, M J

    1997-10-01

    A questionnaire administered to 528 senior medical students from all 9 medical colleges in Taiwan revealed a need for curriculum modifications to improve nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices. At present, 5 of the medical schools offer elective courses on nutrition, but a nutrition curriculum is not required during medical training. The 20 items on the questionnaire concerned the nutritional functions of various nutrients, nutrition management in disease states, nutrition in disease prevention, and nutrition status assessment. On a 10-point scale, the average score was 5.99 on general nutrition knowledge and 5.15 on clinical nutritional knowledge. Correct responses were highest (77.0%) on the 2 questions concerning the nutritive content of foods and lowest (17.35%) on nutrition status assessment. Only 50% knew the definition of a balanced diet and just 30% were concerned about the caloric content of their own diet. Overall, these findings suggest that nutrition education, including an evaluation of one's own diet, should be incorporated into the training programs of Taiwanese medical students.

  15. FDA Consumer Nutrition Knowledge Survey. Report II, 1975. A Nationwide Study of Food Shopper's Knowledge, Beliefs, Attitudes and Reported Behavior Regarding Food and Nutrition. Factors Related to Nutrition Labeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abelson, Herbert; And Others

    During 1973, a nationwide study for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was conducted which provided information on nutrition knowledge, beliefs about nutrition, and first reactions to nutrition labeling among food shoppers. This initial research provided a baseline measurement of nutrition knowledge and attitudes among consumers, and in 1975…

  16. Nurses' self-reported knowledge about and attitude to nutrition - before and after a training programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Merete; Tewes, Marianne; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    the patients' hospital stay. But putting evidence of nutritional topics into practice is challenging and nutrition care seems to be a low priority nursing task. Aim: to investigate the impact of an educational programme targeted nurses with special responsibilities for nutrition on the nurses' knowledge...... of nutrition, and whether it enhanced their attitude to their responsibility for nutrition care in relation to assessment and management. Methods: An intervention study was conducted with 16 nurses from either medical or surgical wards who participated in a 12-month educational programme. These nurses were...... found that nurses still have difficulty expressing their knowledge of nutrition using academic concepts, as they mainly use general phrases.  Conclusion: the findings suggest that a short-duration educational programme is not enough to achieve the nurses' full understanding of their responsibility...

  17. Parental nutrition knowledge and attitudes as predictors of 5-6-year-old children's healthy food knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarnowiecki, Dorota; Sinn, Natalie; Petkov, John; Dollman, James

    2012-07-01

    Young children's knowledge about healthy food may influence the formation of their eating behaviours, and parents have a major influence on the development of children's knowledge in the early years. We investigated the extent to which parental nutrition knowledge and attitudes around food predicted young children's knowledge of healthy foods, controlling for other influences such as socio-economic status (SES) and parent education levels in a cross-sectional research design. Children were given a healthy food knowledge activity and parents completed questionnaires. Twenty primary schools in Adelaide, Australia, stratified by SES. We recruited 192 children aged 5-6 years and their parents. Structural equation modelling showed that parent nutrition knowledge predicted children's nutrition knowledge (r = 0·30, P parents, targeted at low-SES areas at higher risk for obesity, may contribute to the development of healthy food knowledge in young children.

  18. Knowledge and Attitudes of Undergraduate Students Regarding the Health and Nutrition of Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuberger, Roschelle A.; Stanczak, Melanie

    2004-01-01

    This study evaluated knowledge and attitudes of undergraduates regarding nutrition and health of the aged and students' intentions of pursuing career involvement with older adults. The participants evaluated were undergraduates from three mid-western universities (n=1,755). The majority of those surveyed were uninformed and unlikely to pursue…

  19. Impact of nutrition education on diabetes knowledge and attitudes of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Attitudes Scale-III assessed the attitudes towards diabetes and treatment. ..... C on trol. D iff erence in means (95% CI) p. -v alue a. In terven tion. C on trol. D iff .... ard diabetes and its treatmen t: diff erences betw een in terven tion and con trol g.

  20. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dietitians about Nutritional Supplements in Shiraz, 2014

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    Afsane Ahmadi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the increasing global use of nutritional supplements, dietitians play a key role in raising consumer awareness and reducing supplementary side effects. Hence, determination of the states of knowledge, attitudes and practices of this group as to common dietary supplements is important. Methods: A list of all the dietitians employed in the health centers, nutrition clinics and private offices of Shiraz city was prepared; then, all the 36 qualified dietitians were referred to and the information of 25 dietitians was collected. To gather the data, we employed a 4-part questionnaire including demographic data and questions related to their knowledge, attitudes, and practices about prescribed dietary supplements. The knowledge scores of less than 50%, 50-75%, and over 75% were considered as low, medium, and good knowledge, respectively. And the classification of attitudes was determined based on quartile ranking. The data were statistically analyzed through SPSS, version19, using Chi-square and t-test statistical methods. Results: Most of the dietitians had moderate (80% and low (20% level of knowledge, while 100% of them had a positive attitude (3rd quartile about the role of dietary supplements in health, side effects, and food interactions. The most common supplements recommended were those for anemia and growth of children. In this study, the dietitians who had higher level of knowledge significantly used nutritional journals to increase their awareness. Conclusion: Considering the key roles of dietitians and their knowledge, attitudes, and practices in the field of supplements and the results of the study, it appears that necessary measures should be taken to enhance the dietitians’ knowledge.

  1. Knowledge, attitude and practice declaration of Elderly in Ahram city toward nutrition behavior in 2013

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    Lila Soleymani

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Aging is a critical period of human life and the problems and needs of this stage is a social necessity. Taking into account of the special needs of this time such as nutrition in elderly is important but it is often neglected. This survey aimed to determiner about Knowledge, attitude and practice declaration elderly in Ahram city toward nutrition behavior. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 subjects aged 75-60 years in Ahram city (Tangestan - Bushehr, participated. A four-part questionnaire is used to this study that included demographic, knowledge, attitude and feeding behavior. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 16 software and using descriptive and analytical statistics (One-way ANOVA, T-test,Chi-square and Logistic Regression. Results: The mean age of participants, 66.2±5.5. 67% of them were female and others were male. The knowledge score of 80% of this people was lower than expected.The average of knowledge scores didn’t have any relationship with sex, grade and job, but the attitude scores have significant different between 2 sex groups (p>0.001(, so that perceived susceptibility (p=0.001, Perceived barrier (p=0.017 and self-efficacy (p=0.004 scores in men were bigger than women. In attitude extent, perceived susceptibility, alone relationship had to grade (p=0.008. We didn’t observe any relationship between nutrition behavior in 5 nutrition groups and sex or job. Also in that extent logistic regression analysis declared that in cereal group, only perceived benefits had a significant direct effect (p=0.045, and in meat group, only perceived barrier had a significant indirect effect (p=0.020. Conclusion: As regards the level of knowledge scores toward nutrition are low a detailed and comprehensive planning to train them would seem to be necessary.

  2. [Physicians' and nurses' knowledge and attitude towards nutritional therapy in diabetes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Taly; Maislos, Maximo; Shahar, Danit

    2007-09-01

    Nutritional therapy is an integral component of diabetes management. It's main goals are to attain and maintain normal blood glucose levels and to prevent and treat the chronic complication of diabetes. It is recommended that a registered dietitian will provide the dietary treatment but it is essential that all the medical team members will have the required and updated nutritional knowledge in order to support the patient in adopting a healthy life style. The purpose of this research was to assess nutritional knowledge and attitudes of physicians and nurses toward the dietary treatment of diabetic patients and to determine their involvement in the nutritional therapy. Out of 99 family physicians and nurses in the south district of Clalit Health Services who were approached by the researchers a total of 67, 34 physicians and 33 nurses, participated in this analysis and returned their completed questionnaires. The results indicate lack of knowledge towards nutritional therapy in diabetes with an average score of 48%. The average score (percent of correct answers) of physicians was significantly higher than the nurses (50.9% vs. 44.5% respectively p importance of the nutritional therapy and how to integrate fruit in the patient's diet (91% vs. 92% respectively). Lack of knowledge was found in the area of dietary fat and diabetes, the definition of the glycemic index and in recognition of food containing carbohydrates/ mono-unsaturated fats. Nonetheless, physicians and nurses reported that they are involved in the nutritional therapy. Over 90% provide nutritional advice to diabetic patients regularly and 56% even prescribe a diet for them. On the one hand, these findings indicate lack of knowledge concerning the nutritional therapy in diabetes among family physicians and nurses but, on the other hand, there is also significant involvement of the health team in the treatment. We recommend an on-going nutritional education program for the medical staff with the

  3. Effect of Educational Booklet and Lecture on Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Third-Grade Male Guidance School Students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mostafa Vahedian; Roya Sadeghi; Rohollah Farhadlu; Azamossadat Nazeri; Azizallah Dehghan; Mohammad Hassan Barati

    2014-01-01

    .... Materials and Methods: In this semi experimental study the effect of various educational methods on nutritional knowledge, attitude and behaviors of guidance school students in Qom city in the years 2011-12 was evaluated...

  4. Canadian health care professionals' knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of nutritional genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weir, Mark; Morin, Karine; Ries, Nola; Castle, David

    2010-10-01

    Nutritional genomics has reached the public through applications of the Human Genome Project offered direct to consumers (DTC). The ability to pursue nutrigenetic testing without the involvement of a health care professional has received considerable attention from academic and policy commentators. To better understand the knowledge and attitudes of Canadian health care professionals regarding nutritional genomics and nutrigenetic testing, qualitative research in the form of focus group discussions was undertaken. Four key themes emerged: (1) concerns over DTC testing; (2) lack of health care professional competency; (3) genetic scepticism and inevitability; (4) expectation of regulation. Together, they indicate that health care professionals have little knowledge about nutritional genomics and hold contradictory attitudes towards genomics in general, and to nutritional genomics in particular. Respondents argue in favour of a delivery model where health care professionals act as intermediaries. They are also aware of their lack of competency to provide such services. To ensure greater public protection, respondents cite the importance of more stringent regulatory oversight of DTC genetic testing. Whether such an approach is necessary to address the various ethical and social issues raised by nutrigenetic testing remains an open debate.

  5. Nutrition label use mediates the positive relationship between nutrition knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating with dietary quality among university students in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Rachel; Papadaki, Angeliki

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether nutrition knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating are predictors of nutrition label use (NLU) and dietary quality in a diverse sample of university students in the UK. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 among 500 students (mean age 24.9 years; 75% females) in 37 UK universities. Nutrition knowledge, attitudes, NLU and dietary quality were assessed using previously validated questionnaires. The majority of participants met dietary recommendations for fat, added sugar and fast food intake, and failed to meet recommendations for calcium, fibre, fruit and vegetable and dairy product intake, resulting in a median dietary quality score of 2.0 (score range = 0-8). Nutrition knowledge differed according to gender, age, body mass index (BMI), nationality and NLU. Attitudes towards healthy eating differed according to BMI and NLU and dietary quality differed according to gender. Nutrition knowledge and attitudes were significant predictors of NLU and dietary quality, with NLU mediating the latter relationship, whereas NLU, when controlled for knowledge and attitudes, negatively predicted dietary quality but did not have a significant independent relationship with diet. Future nutrition interventions to improve dietary quality in this sample of UK university students should focus on improving nutrition knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating.

  6. Effect of Educational Booklet and Lecture on Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Third-Grade Male Guidance School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Vahedian

    2014-06-01

    Materials and Methods: In this semi experimental study the effect of various educational methods on nutritional knowledge, attitude and behaviors of guidance school students in Qom city in the years 2011-12 was evaluated and compared by using of a four-part questionnaire (demographic, knowledge, attitude and behavior characteristics. Three schools were selected by cluster sampling method and from each school, 110 students were randomly grouped (330 students to control, booklet and lecture groups. Firstly, the questionnaires were completed by students as a pretest and then nutritional educational program was performed for three groups in three sessions; and three months later the same questionnaires were used again. Results: Interventions caused significant increase in the mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of two experimental groups (P0.05. The mean differencesof knowledge and attitude sections in lecture group were more statistically significant than booklet group (p<0.05. Conclusion: Both educational methods increased the level of nutritional knowledge, attitude, and behaviors of students which was more significant in lecture group. Collectively, the results of this study demonstrated positive effects of educational health programs on promotion of nutritional knowledge, attitude, and behaviors of students. Therefore it is necessary to consider educational programsin order to improve nutritional behavior.

  7. Nutrition Module Intervention to Improve Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Trainers for Persons with Disabilities in Rehabilitation Centers in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Chen ST

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Other than parents, primary care providers such as community workers and rehabilitation service personnel are also important nutritional gatekeepers for persons with disabilities (PWD). Good nutrition management for PWD by joint efforts is most desirable to prevent further disablement in later years. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a nutrition module intervention on improving trainers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in nutrition managemen...

  8. The body composition, nutritional knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and future education needs of senior schoolboy rugby players in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Michelle; Cartwright, Laura; Corish, Clare; Sugrue, Sheila; Wood-Martin, Ruth

    2011-10-01

    This study examined the body composition, nutritional knowledge, behaviors, attitudes, and educational needs of senior schoolboy rugby players in Ireland. Participants included 203 male rugby players age 15-18 yr competing at Senior School's Cup level in Leinster, Ireland. Estimation of body composition included measurement of height, weight, and percentage body fat (PBF; using bioelectrical impedance analysis, Tanita BC-418). Nutritional knowledge, behaviors, attitudes, and education needs were assessed by questionnaire. The range of PBF was 5.1-25.3%. Sixty-eight percent of the players in this study had a healthy PBF (10-20%), 32 (22%) were classified as underweight (nutritional knowledge demonstrated poor knowledge of the foods required for refueling, appropriate use of sports drinks, and the role of protein in muscle formation. Alcohol consumption and dietary supplement use were reported by 87.7% and 64.5%, respectively. A perception that greater body size enhances sport performance did not predict dietary supplement use. Nutritional advice had been previously sought by 121 players from coaches (66.9%), magazines (42.1%), Web sites (38.8%), peers (35.5%), family (28.1%), sport organizations (16.5%), and health professionals (8.2%). Nutritional knowledge was no better in these players, nor did better nutritional knowledge correlate with positive dietary behaviors or attitudes. Most players had a healthy PBF. Despite a positive attitude toward nutrition, poor nutritional knowledge and dietary practices were observed in many players. Young athletes' nutritional knowledge and dietary practices may benefit from appropriate nutritional education.

  9. Quality Nutrition Care: Measuring Hospital Staff’s Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices

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    Celia Laur

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP of hospital staff is needed to improve care activities that support the detection/prevention/treatment of malnutrition, yet quality measures are lacking. The purpose was to develop (study 1 and assess the administration and discriminative potential (study 2 of using such a KAP measure in acute care. In study 1, a 27-question KAP questionnaire was developed, face validated (n = 5, and tested for reliability (n = 35. Kappa and Intraclass Correlation (ICC were determined. In study 2, the questionnaire was sent to staff at five diverse hospitals (n = 189. Administration challenges were noted and analyses completed to determine differences across sites, professions, and years of practice. Study 1 results demonstrate that the knowledge/attitude (KA and the practice (P subscales are reliable (KA: ICC = 0.69 95% CI 0.45–0.84, F = 5.54, p < 0.0001; P: ICC = 0.84 95% CI 0.68−0.92, F = 11.12, p < 0.0001. Completion rate of individual questions in study 2 was high and suggestions to improve administration were identified. The KAP mean score was 93.6/128 (range 51–124 with higher scores indicating more knowledge, better attitudes and positive practices. Profession and years of practice were associated with KAP scores. The KAP questionnaire is a valid and reliable measure that can be used in needs assessments to inform improvements to nutrition care in hospital.

  10. A study to assess knowledge and attitude of antenatal women about maternal nutrition attending a tertiary care centre

    OpenAIRE

    Renu Gupta; Shaily Agarwal; Neetu Singh; Rimjhim Jain; Arti Katiyar; Almas siddiqui

    2016-01-01

    Background: Nutrition is the fundamental pillar of human life. All human beings need a balanced amount of nutrients for proper functioning of body system. Inadequate nutrition during pregnancy has a negative impact on the pregnant mother as well as short and long term consequences on the newborn. This study aims to assess knowledge and attitude of antenatal women about maternal nutrition in pregnancy and highlights the need of interventions aimed at promoting awareness about healthy diet duri...

  11. The Effect of nutrition education on knowledge, attitude, and performance about junk food consumption among students of female primary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Vardanjani, Ali Esmaeili; Reisi, Mahnoush; Javadzade, Homamodin; Pour, Zabihollah Gharli; Tavassoli, Elahe

    2015-01-01

    Background: Undoubtedly, proper nutrition has important role in safeguarding the individual from many diseases, especially chronic ones, and increasing ones physical and intellectual efficiency. Considering the importance of nutrition education to school-age kids, this research was done with the purpose of determining the effect of nutrition education on the knowledge, attitude, and performance of female students at primary school about junk food consumption. Materials and Methods: This is an...

  12. A Holistic School-Based Nutrition Program Fails to Improve Teachers' Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour in Rural China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dongxu; Stewart, Donald; Chang, Chun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of a holistic school-based nutrition programme using the health-promoting school (HPS) approach, on teachers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in relation to nutrition in rural China. Design/methodology/approach: A cluster-randomised intervention trial design was employed. Two…

  13. Consumers' attitudes, knowledge and consumption of products with nutrition and health claims

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    Mitić Sanja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the selected results of consumers' study of food products in Serbia. It focuses on the products with nutrition and health claims (NHCs and the analysis of the main consumers' characteristics which influence their awareness and knowledge about NHCs, their attitudes toward products with NHC and their purchase intentions. Different socio-demographic factors that influence consumers' behavior were investigated. Education, gender, age and income of the respondents are the key factors which influence awareness, knowledge and consumption. As those products are closely related to consumers' health, we presented the results based on the differences in health status of the respondents. Main findings show that the respondents with health problems do not consume those products as often as others, which is the outcome of a low level of nutrition knowledge. This represents a major restraining factor for the increase in consumption. After identifying the characteristics of demand, we have suggested some proposals for managers, aimed at overcoming the identified problems, and for government institutions so as to obtain a proactive approach to improving the overall health of the population.

  14. Nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in the Manzini region of Swaziland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuku, Sakhile K S; Lan, Shu-Jan J

    2014-06-01

    The prevalence of HIV infection in Swaziland (26%) is among the highest in the world. We investigated nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) and the influence of sociodemographic factors on KAP among pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in the Manzini region of Swaziland. Interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire to collect data from 324 subjects seeking healthcare from selected regional hospitals, health centres, and clinics in Manzini region. The results showed mean percentage scores of nutritional knowledge (67%), attitude (67%), and practices (51%) whereby educational level (p = 0.002), employment status (p = 0.009), income (p = 0.008), religion (p = 0.007), type of accommodation (p = 0.006), type of transport used when going for shopping (p = 0.001), and BMI (p = 0.015) were significantly associated with nutritional practices. Significant positive correlations between nutritional KAP were observed: nutritional K and A (r = 0.155, p = 0.005), nutritional K and P (r = 0.456, p = 0.001), and nutritional A and P (r = 0.230, p = 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that type of transport used when going for shopping (p = 0.002), educational level (p = 0.001), income (p = 0.001), employment (p = 0.038), knowledge of food proportion in a plate (p = 0.000), a positive attitude towards high-fibre diet (p = 0.004), and eating a variety of foods (p = 0.006) were predictors of nutritional practices. Educational level was identified as a common predictor of nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices, suggesting that both formal and informal education systems are potential factors influencing dietary practices among pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in Swaziland.

  15. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices about public health nutrition among students of the University of Medicine in Tirana, Albania

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    Jolanda Hyska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: the aim of this survey was twofold: (i: to assess medical students’ knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding nutrition in general, in order to identify their level of competences in the field of nutrition which will be useful in their future role of providers/health care professionals, and; (ii to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding the discipline of public health nutrition in order to identify the needs for improving the curriculum of this subject in all the branches of the University of Medicine in Tirana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in June-July 2013 including a representative sample of 347 students at the University of Medicine in Tirana, Albania (61% females and 39% males; overall mean age: 23±2 years; response rate: 87%. A nutritional questionnaire, adopted according to the models used in previous international studies, was used to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices among the university students. Results: Overall, about one third of the students was not satisfied with the quality and quantity of nutritional education and demanded a more scientifically rigorous curriculum. In general, students’ knowledge about infant feeding practices was adequate. However, there were gaps in the students’ knowledge regarding the commencement of breastfeeding, or the duration of exclusive breast-feeding. Furthermore, there was evidence of an insufficient level of knowledge among students regarding diet and nutrition in general and their health impact, especially on development and prevention of chronic diseases. Conclusion: This survey identified significant gaps in the current curriculum of public health nutrition at the University of Medicine in Tirana. Our findings suggest the need for intervention programs to improve both the quantitative and the qualitative aspects of nutrition curricula in all the branches of the University of Medicine Tirana, in accordance with the

  16. The Effect of nutrition education on knowledge, attitude, and performance about junk food consumption among students of female primary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardanjani, Ali Esmaeili; Reisi, Mahnoush; Javadzade, Homamodin; Pour, Zabihollah Gharli; Tavassoli, Elahe

    2015-01-01

    Undoubtedly, proper nutrition has important role in safeguarding the individual from many diseases, especially chronic ones, and increasing ones physical and intellectual efficiency. Considering the importance of nutrition education to school-age kids, this research was done with the purpose of determining the effect of nutrition education on the knowledge, attitude, and performance of female students at primary school about junk food consumption. This is an experimental intervention study in Shahr-e-kord city about the reduction of junk foods consumption in 2011. Seventy-two primary girl students were randomly divided into 2 groups, experimental (36) and controls (36). Before of the educational program, self-administrative questionnaire and FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) questionnaire were filled out for both the groups. The self-administrative questionnaire was completed 3 times (before, immediately, and 2 months after education), and FFQ questionnaire was completed 2 times (before and 2 months after education) by students. After pre-test, 4 educational session classes in experimental group were performed. Finally, data were collected and analyzed by SPSS 16 computer software. Demographic variables of the studied population in 2 groups were similar. Before intervention, there were no significant differences regarding the knowledge, attitude, and performance in 2 groups (P > 0/05). After intervention, there were significant differences in the levels of knowledge, attitude, and performance between experimental and control groups (P < 0.001). According to the results, intervention has positive impact on pattern of nutrition, and it can be concluded that intervention is effective on increasing or improving the knowledge, attitude, and performance of the students.

  17. What Do Physician Assistant Students Know About Nutrition? A Survey of Attitudes, Self-Perceived Proficiency, and Knowledge During Three Stages of Physician Assistant Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favia, Megan; Moore, Amy; Kelly, Patrick; Werner, Christine

    2016-08-03

    This study applied a cross-sectional design and analyzed the nutrition knowledge and attitudes of physician assistant (PA) students during 3 stages of PA education. The PA students from the class of 2014, 2015, and 2016 attending a midwestern university were surveyed using Qualtrics. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance tests were performed to determine the difference between the 3 cohorts on "previous nutrition knowledge," "attitudes," and "knowledge" subscores and total scores. A post hoc analysis was performed to determine the differences between groups. A statistically significant difference was found in the mean total score between classes, with the class of 2014 scoring 17 points higher on average than the class of 2016. These results suggest that positive nutrition attitudes and knowledge among PA students from this sample were lacking. This study suggests a possible need for revision of nutrition education provided by PA programs.

  18. SPORT NUTRITION AND DOPING IN TENNIS: AN ANALYSIS OF ATHLETES' ATTITUDES AND KNOWLEDGE

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    Miran Kondric

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nutrition and doping issues are rarely studied in the sport of tennis. The aims of this investigation were to determine knowledge on doping (KD and knowledge on sport nutrition (KSN, and corresponding socio-demographic-, sport-, and sport-nutrition- and doping-factors among an international sample of high-level tennis players of both sexes (43 females; 22 years old on average. In the first phase of the investigation, the KSN and KD questionnaires were studied for their reliability and validity. The consumption of NS is found to be very high, with almost of all the females and 80% of the males using NS at least occasionally. The athletes showed a low tendency regarding future doping usage, although most of them are convinced that doping does exist in tennis. Since athletes declared that their coaches are their main source of information about NS and doping, future studies should investigate what coaches actually know about such problems. KSN has been found to be protective against potential doping behavior in the future. Males are found to be more prone to doping than females. Therefore, in order to prevent doping behavior in tennis we strongly suggest intensive educational programs on sports nutrition and doping-related problems

  19. School-Based Intervention for Nutrition Promotion in Mi Yun County, Beijing, China: Does a Health-Promoting School Approach Improve Parents' Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour?

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    Wang, Dongxu; Stewart, Donald; Chang, Chun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess whether the school-based nutrition programme using the health-promoting school (HPS) framework was effective to improve parents' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour (KAB) in relation to nutrition in rural Mi Yun County, Beijing. Design/methodology/approach: A cluster-randomised intervention trial…

  20. School-Based Intervention for Nutrition Promotion in Mi Yun County, Beijing, China: Does a Health-Promoting School Approach Improve Parents' Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dongxu; Stewart, Donald; Chang, Chun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess whether the school-based nutrition programme using the health-promoting school (HPS) framework was effective to improve parents' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour (KAB) in relation to nutrition in rural Mi Yun County, Beijing. Design/methodology/approach: A cluster-randomised intervention trial…

  1. The Knowledge and Attitudes of Mothers about Infant Nutrition in Iğdır

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    Aylin Yetim

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Errors in complementary feeding may lead to important problems in child’s physical and mental development. In this study, we aimed to investigate feeding practices, attitudes and knowledge of mothers with infants aged 20-36 months, who attended the outpatient departments. Materials and Methods: Research was performed in the center of Iğdır and the town of Iğdır called Tuzluca. Two hundred three mothers with children aged 20 to 36 months that attended Iğdır and Tuzluca State Hospitals between June-July 2012 constituted the study population. A questionnaire consisting of 11 questions was administered. Questions were asked in detail by a physician. Results: Seventy percent of mothers had breastfed their babies within 1 hour after birth, 92% within 1-24 hours. All mothers thought that breastfeeding was the best for their babies. The mean duration of breastfeeding was 17.0±8.0 months, complementary feeding was started at 6.4 months. Twenty two mothers began to give complementary foods to their babies before 6 months, 51% at 6 months, 15.7% between 6-9 months, and 11% at 9 months and later. The first choice as a complementary food was homemade yogurt (67% and the second was yoghurt from market (47%. Vegetables and fruit puree were not among the first choices of complementary foods. Sixty three percent of mothers received information from people around (mother, mother-in-law, sister-in-law, neighbor, etc., 31% of from health personnel in the family health centers. Conclusions: Mothers in Iğdır and Tuzluca seemed to need counseling about complementary feeding. Health workers with current and practical knowledge should give accurate information to mothers.

  2. The self-perceived knowledge, skills and attitudes of Australian practice nurses in providing nutrition care to patients with chronic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Louise; Leveritt, Michael D; Desbrow, Ben; Ball, Lauren E

    2014-04-01

    Nutrition is important for the management of chronic diseases. While practice nurses have numerous roles in primary care, the expectations on practice nurses to provide nutrition care for chronic disease management are increasing. The self-perceived knowledge, skills and attitudes of practice nurses in providing nutrition care has not been widely investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the perceptions of Australian practice nurses on the provision of nutrition care for chronic disease management, including specific nutrition-related activities. A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 181 Australian practice nurses in 2013. Descriptive analyses were conducted on each survey item. The survey sample was tested for representation of the Australian practice nurse workforce, and associations between respondents' demographic characteristics and responses to survey items were explored. Almost all practice nurses (89%) felt it was important to address diet whenever they cared for a patient. Over half of practice nurses (61%) were unsure if their practices were effective in increasing patients' compliance with nutritional recommendations. Nearly all practice nurses (98%) perceived further education on nutrition would assist them in their role. Practice nurses perceive they have an important role and favourable attitudes towards providing nutrition care; however, further training and education to enhance their self-perceived effectiveness is warranted. Future research should clarify whether an increase in nutrition-focused training results in improved effectiveness of nutrition care provided by practice nurses in terms of patient health outcomes.

  3. Metabolic Control, Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Non-Insulin-dependent Diabetic Patients from Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, South-West of Iran

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    Janmohamad Malekzadeh

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is among the most common causes of mortality in the world and an important risk factor for chronic kidney disease, foot amputation, ischemic heart disease and blindness among older adults. Diabetic patients mostly develop hyperlipidemia, which can result in cardiovascular diseases. Patient’s knowledge, attitude and practices toward diet are the core center for diabetes control and affect their metabolic control and complications. In the present study, we measured nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices and their relations to serum lipids, HbA1C, and fasting blood glucose in diabetic patients of Boirahmad County, southwest of Iran, where many people encounter increasing prevalence of diabetes. Materials and Methods: 198 IDDM patients from the rural and urban areas of Boirahmad County were invited to the health centers to be checked for their fasting blood glucose, serum total cholesterol, serum HDL cholesterol, serum triglyceride and also serum glycosylated hemoglobin. Their knowledge, attitude, and practices toward the diabetic diet were assessed using a validated questionnaire. The obtained scores were classified into three categories (Poor, average, and Good to show their knowledge, attitude and practice levels, and the serum parameters were compared between the levels to show the relevancies. Results: Our data showed that the patients’ knowledge and attitude on diabetic nutrition are mostly at the average level (79.3% and 47.1%, respectively but their practice scores are mostly at the poor level (43.8%, and just a minor proportion of the patients are at the appropriate levels (15.3, 33, and 23.1% of knowledge, attitude and practices, respectively. In addition, we found a significant reverse relationship between the patients’ nutritional knowledge and  serum HbA1C (p=0.003, and also between their attitude and serum triglyceride (p<0.05. Conclusions: Our data suggest that the knowledge

  4. A comparison of nutrition knowledge, attitudes and dairy consumption of school children according to age and gender

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    Irena Colić Barić

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Besides traditional nutrients, milk and dairy products contain some health promoting components. The aim of this study was to detect the frequency and preferences among dairy products in school children according to age and gender. The subjects were 234 healthy children at age 10-11 years and 14-15 years from two primary schools in Zagreb. Number of participants was well balanced according to age and gender. Dietary data were collected using specially designed food frequency questionnaire (FFQ. By additional questionnaire some anthropometric parameters as well as food preferences, attitudes and nutrition knowledge on milk and dairy products were collected. According to the results the intake of milk is significantly different (p< 0.05 to gender but not to age. 91 % children consume milk, 2.3 cups/day in average. Soft drinks, fruit juices, beverages and similar drinks are consumed more often than milk. Pudding and ice cream had the highest frequency among dairy products consumed. Milk and dairy frequency intake according to age and gender are still not significantly different. Children mostly consume fresh milk (68.7%. Girls at age 14-15 years consume light milk ( ≤1.6 % fat more than younger children and boys at the same age. 86 % of children is well informed about nutritional facts linked to milk and dairy products and they are mostly educate by parents. Among anthropometric parameters a statistically significant difference (p<0.05 was observed in height with regard to gender, only among older children, and for both height and, weight and body mass indeks (BMI with regard to age.

  5. Nutritional knowledge,attitude and behavior among physical education teachers in universities%大学体育教师营养认知及行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of nutrition knowledge, attitude, and behavior and its influencing factors among physical education(PE) teachers in universities for nutritional education in the teachers. Methods A self-designed questionnaire was adopted to carry out a survey with cluster sampling among 180 PE teachers from 8 universities to explore nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior of the teachers. Results The ratios of the teachers with excellent nutritional knowledge,attitude and behavior were 18.9% ,61.9%, and 16. 4%, respectively. The average score for nutritional knowledge was 20. 60 ±3.09,with a qualified rate of 69. 7%. The average score for nutritional attitude was 4. 99 ±0. 34 and that for nutritional behavior was 10. 96 ± 1.00. There were 82.4% of the teachers considering to change bad dietary behavior,73.5% concerning about their body weight,93.6% realizing the importance of nutritional knowledg, and 76. 4% reporting the deficient nutritional knowlege for teaching and daily life. Conclusion The nutritional attitude is generally good, but the nutritional knowledge and the behavior needs to be improved among university PE teachers in Chengdu city.%目的 了解大学体育教师的营养知识、态度、行为水平及其影响因素,为对其进行有针对性的营养教育提供科学依据.方法 采取整群抽样法抽取四川省8所大学180名体育教师,采用自行设计的间卷进行营养认知及行为调查.结果 营养知识、态度、行为得分优秀的分别有19 、99 、26人,优秀率分别为18.9%、61.9%、16.4%;营养知识平均得分为(20.60±3.09)分,111人及格,及格率为69.7%;营养态度平均得分为(4.99±0.34)分,愿意改变自身不良饮食习惯的132人,占82.4%;注意自身体重变化的118人,占73.5%;认为很有必要掌握营养知识的150人,占93.6%;122人认为目前掌握的营养知识不足以满足当前教学和生活需要,占76.4%;

  6. Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practice among medical undergraduates%医学生营养知识态度及饮食行为现况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦浩; 孙宏伟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨医学本科生营养知识、态度及其饮食行为现况及影响因素,为临床医学教育改革提供参考依据.方法 采用自行编制的“临床医学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为问卷”,对分层整群随机抽取的某医学院校临床医学专业学生进行问卷调查,共获得有效问卷446份.结果 临床医学生营养知识最高得分为大四女生的(82.19±15.49)分,最低得分为大一男生的(52.75±21.72)分;营养态度、饮食行为分量表Cronbachα系数分别为0.84,0.79;饮食行为提取5个初始公因子,累计贡献率达到85.19%.家庭经济状况、性别、年级等对临床医学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为存在不同程度影响.结论 临床医学生营养知识、饮食行为有待于加强或改善.%Objective To investigate the current status and influencing factors of medical undergraduates nutritional knowledge,attitudes and practice.Methods By using a self-designed questionnaire,446 college students majored clinical medicine were surveyed.Results Senior female medical undergraduates got the highest score (82.19± 15.49) of nutrition knowledge,and freshman boys got the lowest score (52.75 ± 21.72).The Cronbach's coefficient of nutrition attitude and dietary behavior subscale was 0.84 and 0.79,respectively.Five initial public factors were selected for eating practice,and their cumulative contribution rate was 85.19%.Family economic status,gender and grade were the influencing factors of medical undergraduates nutritional knowledge,attitudes and practice.Conclusion The nutrition knowledge and dietary practice of medical undergraduates needs to be strengthened or improved.

  7. Nutritional knowledge attitude and behavior of students in Nantong University%南通大学学生营养知识态度行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱奇; 郑方; 范从娟; 徐湘; 周苏; 叶长青

    2011-01-01

    Objective To know about the nutritional knowledge,attitude and behavior status among Nantong University students, so that to provide the proof for targeted nutrition education. Methods By using the random stratified cluster sampling, 1 200 undergraduates who majored in liberal arts, science and medicine respectively from grade one to grade four in Nantong University were recruited. All the participants were asked to complete a self-designed questionnaire. Results The average score of nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior was 62. 36±19. 27, 82. 29± 15.29 and 60.04 ±11.79 respectively, the score of female was higher than male, medical students was higher than non-medical ones (P<0.01). The way to get the nutritional knowledge were mostly through newspapers & periodicals (75. 33% ) and broadcast TV (71. 83% ). Conclusion The students in Nantong University have a positive and serious attitude, but generally lacked of essential nutritional knowledge, and some unhealthy dietary behaviors such as often have snacks and sweet food, food preference are frequent.%目的 了解南通大学学生营养知识、态度与行为现状,为进一步开展营养教育和健康促进提供依据.方法 随机整群分层抽取南通大学文、理、医科大一到大四1200名在校学生作为调查对象.采用自行设计的自填式问卷,对营养知识、态度以及饮食行为进行调查.结果 大学生营养知识得分为(62.36±19.27),态度得分为(82.29±15.29),饮食行为得分为(60.04±11.79),女生得分高于男生,医学生高于非医学生.营养知识的获取途径以报刊杂志(75.33%)和广播电视(71.83%)最多.结论 南通大学学生具有积极认真的营养态度,但普遍缺乏基本的营养知识,且存在经常吃零食、甜食、偏食、挑食等较多不良饮食行为.

  8. Serum folate levels among healthy infants aged 6–8 months: relation to infants’ nutritional status indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice

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    Tutik Ernawati

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency can cause anemia which may lead growth and development impairments. This study was aimed to determine serum folate levels among infants aged 6–8 months and the relation to infants’ nutritional indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice about infant feeding.Methods: A cross–sectional design was implemented in infants aged 6–8 months and their mothers as respondents who met the study criteria. Data collected among the infants included sex, age, length, weight, intake of energy, protein and folate (based on a one–month semi–quantitative FFQ and a 24–hour food recall, serum folate and hemoglobin levels. Data collected among the mothers included age, education level, income based on average minimum monthly wage, knowledge, attitude and behavior concerning infant’s feeding, i.e. breast milk and complementary feeding practices.Results: This study found that the median of serum folate levels was 43.05 nmol/L with values ranging from 19.92 nmol/L to 104.24 nmol/L. Serum folate level had a strong positive correlation with its related factors, protein and folate intake.Conclusions: Protein-folate–rich complementay food should be provided to infants aged 6 months and over to maintain serum folate level. (Med J Indones 2011; 20:138-42Keywords: Folate, infants, nutrient intake, nutritional status

  9. Nutritional knowledge, food habits and health attitude of Chinese university students –a cross sectional study–

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    Amamoto Rie

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We have previously shown that irregular lifestyle of young Japanese female students are significantly related to their desire to be thinner. In the present study, we examined the nutritional knowledge and food habits of Chinese university students and compared them with those of other Asian populations. Methods A self-reported questionnaire was administered to 540 students, ranging in age from 19-24 years. Medical students from Beijing University (135 men and 150 women in Northern China and Kunming Medical College in southern China (95 men and 160 women participated in this study. The parametric variables were analyzed using the Student's t-test. Chi-square analyses were conducted for non-parametric variables Results Our results showed that 80.5% of students had a normal BMI and 16.6 % of students were underweight with the prevalence of BMI>30 obesity being very low in this study sample. Young Chinese female students had a greater desire to be thinner (62.0% than males (47.4%. Habits involving regular eating patterns and vegetable intake were reported and represent practices that ought to be encouraged. Conclusions The university and college arenas represent the final opportunity for the health and nutritional education of a large number of students from the educator's perspective. Our findings suggest the need for strategies designed to improve competence in the area of nutrition.

  10. Changing Attitudes and Knowledge Toward SNAP Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Carolyn L; McClelland, Jacquelyn W

    2017-01-01

    To examine effectiveness of an educational intervention on attitude and knowledge related to accessing and qualifying for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Cross-sectional survey. Community sites (38) in North Carolina. Low-income adult participants who provided data (n = 558). Participants completed pre- and postsurveys for the 45-minute program. Theoretically based surveys measured knowledge requisite to the decision to apply for SNAP benefits. Paired sample t tests tested the hypothesis of "no difference" in postintervention knowledge. Knowledge gains were statistically significant on all questions ( P theory-based programs can improve knowledge and dispel myths concerning SNAP participation among low-income participants.

  11. Nutritional knowledge,attitude,behavior and related factors of gestational diabetes mellitus women in perinatal nutrition clinic in Beijing%北京市妊娠期糖尿病孕妇营养认知行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶旻枫; 游川; 于敬龙; 姜莹; 李东阳; 丁辉

    2017-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the knowledge,attitude and practice of diabetes mellitus in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)in perinatal nutrition clinic in Beijing.Methods:From January to August in 2016,according to the representative method of stratified random sampling,extraction,comprehensive urban and suburban hospitals of maternal and child health hospitals,a total of 8 perinatal nutrition clinics were entrolled.Women of 242 cases,24-28 weeks of pregnancy and diagnosed as GDM were in GDM group,other 228 cases of pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance were in control group.Two groups of pregnant women were questionnaired and the answers were compared and analyzed.Results:Pregnancy nutrition KAP score of GDM group(31.16±2.21)was lower than that of the control group(36.72±2.4,P<0.05).The nutrition knowledge score,nutrition professional knowledge score and nutrition behavior score of GDM group were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05).Significant differences were also seen in both groups about access to nutrition knowledge and their willingness.They want to obtain nutrition knowledge from hospital,WeChat and pregnant women school nutrition clinic lectures etc.Conclusion:GDM pregnant women in perinatal nutrition clinic in Beijing generally pay attention to nutrition during pregnancy,but their professional knowledge of nutrition and nutritional behavior need to be improved.Perinatal nutrition clinics need to provide a variety of forms and precise health education guidance for GDM pregnant women.%目的:了解北京市围产营养门诊妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)孕妇对糖尿病相关知识的态度和行为.方法:2016年1月~8月按照地区代表性分层随机抽样方法,抽取城区、郊区妇幼保健院、综合医院共8家围产营养门诊中孕24~28周,首次诊断GDM孕妇和糖耐量正常孕妇,进行间卷调查.结果:收回问卷共470份,GDM组242例、糖耐量正常孕妇(对照组)228

  12. An intervention effect evaluation on nutrition related knowledge, attitude and behavior among prison police%狱警营养干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卉; 朱益民; 沈志强; 汪红慧

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解监狱人民警察(狱警)的营养知识、态度、行为(KAP)水平及干预效果,为开展狱警营养干预提供依据。方法采用分层整群随机抽样的方法对浙江省狱警开展营养KAP问卷调查,分析狱警营养知识、态度水平和饮食行为,并实施营养教育和调整食堂膳食等干预措施,6个月后评价干预前后狱警营养KAP水平变化。结果干预前狱警营养KAP总分为70.27±10.90,其中营养知识、态度、行为得分分别为27.38±6.97、18.07±3.24、24.82±3.96。干预后,狱警的营养KAP总分上升至91.19±4.11,其中营养知识、态度、行为得分分别为37.03±2.97、19.71±0.71、34.45±2.74,较干预前均有明显提高(P<0.01)。结论浙江省狱警普遍缺乏营养知识,存在饮食不均衡等诸多不良饮食习惯;以食堂膳食调整为重点并结合系列营养健康教育,是提高狱警营养知识水平和改善其不良饮食行为的有效方法。%Objective To evaluate the intervention effect of nutrition related knowledge,attitude and behavior among the prison police in Zhejiang Province . Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was used and investigation on knowledge,attitude and behavior was conducted.Nutrition education was carried out targeted to the problem found in the investigation for 6 months.Intervention effect was evaluated by comparison the scores of KAP before and after the intervention.Results The average score of KAP before the intervention was 70. 27 ±1 0. 90,including the average score for knowledge,attitude and behavior was 27. 38 ±6. 97,1 8. 07 ±3. 24 and 24. 82 ±3. 96,respectively.After the intervention, the average score of KAP was 91 . 1 9 ±4. 1 1 ,including the average score for knowledge,attitude and behavior was 37. 03 ±2. 97,1 9. 71 ±0. 71 and 34. 45 ±2. 74,respectively,higher than that before the intervention (P<0. 01 ).Conclusion Nutrition education could improve the

  13. Nutrition knowledge and food intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardle, J; Parmenter, K; Waller, J

    2000-06-01

    In many studies, correlations between nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviour have failed to reach statistical significance, leading researchers to question the relevance of nutrition knowledge to food choice, and the value of nutrition education campaigns. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge and intake of fat, fruit and vegetables using a well-validated measure of nutrition knowledge. The study was a postal survey, using 1040 adult participants selected at random from General Practitioners' lists in England. Nutrition knowledge and food intake followed the expected demographic patterns. Knowledge was significantly associated with healthy eating, and the effect persisted after controlling for demographic variables. Logistic regression showed that respondents in the highest quintile for knowledge were almost 25 times more likely to meet current recommendations for fruit, vegetable and fat intake than those in the lowest quintile. Nutrition knowledge was shown to be a partial mediator of the socio-demographic variation in intake, especially for fruit and vegetables. This demonstrates the value of using more sophisticated statistical techniques to investigate associations between knowledge and food intake and indicates that knowledge is an important factor in explaining variations in food choice. The results support the likely value of including nutrition knowledge as a target for health education campaigns aimed at promoting healthy eating.

  14. Nutrition knowledge and attitude and dietary behavior of the undergraduate students%大学生营养知识态度行为的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯磊; 吴校君; 沈健

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解大学生的营养知识、态度和饮食行为现况及其之间的关系.方法 选取浙江大学220名在校学生,分为3组,第1组,采用整群调查的方法 ,选择浙江大学湖滨校医学习过"营养与食品卫生学"的预防医学专业学生30例和学习过"医学营养学"的护理专业学生30例,共计60例.第2组,采用随机抽样的方法 ,抽取浙江大学紫金港校区选修过相关营养知识选修课的非医学类专业学生80例.第3组,随机抽取与第2组被调查对象同寝室的未接受过营养知识课堂教育的非医学类专业学生80例.采用问卷调查进行营养知识、态度及饮食行为的调查.结果 3组学生的知识来源测试中,第1、2组和第3组课堂教育的人数和百分数分别为50、41.67%,47、29.30%和23、14.65%,第1、2组分别与第3组比较差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05).未接受过相关教育学生行为得分也较低,还存在着偏食、常吃零食等不良饮食营养习惯.营养知识-态度-行为分的比较结果表明,第1组与第2组两组学生的营养知识分均明显高于第3组学生营养知识分(P均<0.05),第1组与第2组比较差异则无统计学意义.第1组与第2组态度得分比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 课堂教育对提高大学生的营养知识水平有重要作用.%Objective To investigate the relationship between nutrition knowledge and attitude and dietary behavior of undergraduate students. Methods A total of 220 undergraduate students form Zhejiang University were assigned to 3 groups: Group A included 60 participants, 30 of whom from Department of Preventive Medicine, and the other 30 from Nursing Department; Group B included 80 non-medical undergraduate students who preferred nutrition training as their selective course; Group C included 80 non-medical undergraduate students who were the roommates of those in the Group B and had no idea about nutrition. Questionnaire survey was conducted to

  15. 营养健康教育对单纯性肥胖儿童营养知识-态度-行为的研究%The effect of nutrition education to nutrition knowledge - attitude - behavior of obese children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘西韶; 王晓晖; 刘健宏; 陈侃; 肖巨庆; 李迎芳

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解和提高肥胖儿童营养知识水平,培养肥胖儿童良好的饮食习惯.方法:将840例肥胖儿童分为扑克牌组和对照组各420例,扑克牌组根据研究制订的营养健康教育模型进行健康教育,对照组采用传统营养教育方法.结果:营养健康教育后,肥胖儿童营养知识得到提高,食物选择及饮食行为趋于合理.扑克牌组的营养知识明显高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:对肥胖儿童进行扑克牌营养健康教育寓教于乐,有助于增加其营养知识,改善其营养态度及饮食行为,最终达到减少儿童肥胖症的目的,值得推广和普及.%Objective; To understand and improve the nutrition knowledge level of obese children to develop the eating habits of obese children. Methods; A total of 840 obese children were divided into card group (420 cases) and control group (420 cases) . Card group were educated by the nutrition health education model, the control group were educated by traditional methods. Results; After nutrition education, nutrition knowledge of the obesity children were improved, food choices and eating behaviors were more reasonable. The nutrition knowledge level of card group was significantly higher then the control group (P <0. 05) . Conclusion; Nutrition health education by u-sing of the cards recreation is helpful for the obese children to increase their nutritional knowledge and can improve their nutritional attitudes and dietary behavior, and should reach the eventually aim of reducing childhood obesity. It should be developed and popularized.

  16. Primary Care Residents' Knowledge, Attitudes, Self-Efficacy, and Perceived Professional Norms Regarding Obesity, Nutrition, and Physical Activity Counseling

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smith, Samantha; Seeholzer, Eileen L; Gullett, Heidi; Jackson, Brigid; Antognoli, Elizabeth; Krejci, Susan A; Flocke, Susan A

    2015-01-01

    .... To assess the degree to which residents training in adult primary care programs are prepared to provide obesity, nutrition, and physical activity (ONPA) counseling. Senior residents (postgraduate year [PGY]-3 and PGY-4...

  17. 医学生营养知识-态度-行为现状调查分析%Investigation on medical students' knowledge, attitude and practice of nutrition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓伟; 李增宁; 石汉平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the medical students' knowledge, attitude and practices(KAP) of nutrition, provide the necessary information for nutrition education, and improve their own health and future participation in medical nutrition therapy. Methods A random cluster survey of 800 students in some Medical School was performed using questionnaire survey approach. Results Girls got higher scores than boys on nutritional knowledge (K), attitude (A) and practice (P) separately as well as the total KAP score (t=2.272, 2.035, 2.435, 3.096,all P<0.05). Medical students in seniors years did better than the juniors on the K, A, and KAP (t=6.017, 2.018, 4.441,all P<0.05); and there was no statistical difference of P among different grades (t=0.153,P=0.2265). Students from the urban area had higher scores than those from the rural area on K, A and KAP (t=2.138, 11.561, 2.800,all P<0.05), while there was no statistical difference of P among students from different areas (t=0.061,P=0.0585). There was relationship between K and eating snacks, dining out and having breakfast every day, and A between having breakfast every day. Conclusions The medical students lack nutritional knowledge,their own nutritional status is poor, but the attitude towards nutrition is relatively positive. More nutrition education should be given to boys, students in lower grades, and rural students.%目的:调查某医学院校医学生营养知识-态度-行为(KAP)现状,为针对性对其进行营养教育和干预提供依据,增强医学生日后在医疗工作中的营养治疗意识。方法采用分层随机抽样的方法,对某医学院校800名医学生的KAP现状进行调查分析。结果医学生中女性的营养知识(K)、态度(A)、行为(P)得分及KAP总分均高于男生,差异有统计学意义(t 分别为2.272,2.035,2.435,3.096,均P<0.05);高年级医学生K、A得分及KAP总分优于低年级学生(t分别为6.017,2.018,4.441,均P<0.05)

  18. Cross-sectional Survey on Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Medical University Students in Wuhan%武汉市部分医学生营养KAP现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海月; 朱蕾蕾; 王迪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of medical university students in Wuhan, and to provide scientific evidence for conducting nutritional health education among medical university students. Methods Self - designed KAP questionnaires were applied to students from Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Results Medical students had a good understanding of nutritional knowledge (71.3%). Sex, student source, monthly household income per capita and parents' educational level had some influence on nutritional knowledge. Two— factor linear correlation analysis showed that there was a correlation among nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice. Conclusions It is convenient to provide senior nutritional health education for medical university students, for the nutrition attitude of them is well.%目的 了解武汉市医学生营养知识、态度、行为(KAP)现况,为开展营养健康教育提供科学依据. 方法 采用自行设计的KAP问卷对华中科技大学同济医学院的在校医学生进行调查. 结果 医学生营养知识知晓率较高(71.3%),性别、生源、家庭人均月收入和父母文化程度均对营养知识有一定影响.两因素线性相关分析结果显示,营养知识、态度和行为之间存在相关性. 结论 医学生有较好的营养态度,可以进行相关的高级营养健康教育.

  19. Investigation on the Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pregnant Women in Zhengzhou%郑州市妊娠妇女营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王会军; 王建设; 王慧玲; 孙素霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate and analyze the nutrition knowledge,attitude and practice among pregnant women, for scientific evidence of better grasp of nutrition knowledge and more targered nutrition guide. Methods: 392 pregnant women in Yellow River Central Hosp ital were selected randomly to investigate their nutrition knowledge, attitude, practice ( KAP ) by a self-designed questionnaire. Data were inputed using Epidata 3.1. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 13.0. Results:Most pregnant women lacked a overall understanding of nutritional knowledge and practice,however,they held a positive attitude towards nutrition. They hoped to obtain more professional knowledge from medical staff. Conclusions: Doctors and nurses should improve the nutritional level of knowledge,strengthen health care for pregnant women,and to improve pregnant women nutrition knowledge and attitudes and to change its unhealthy eating behaviors, and improve mother and children's health.%目的:了解郑州市妊娠妇女的营养知识、态度及饮食行为状况,为有针对性地对妊娠妇女开展营养宣教提供科学依据.方法:采用自行设计的营养知识、态度、饮食行为(KAP)调查问卷,调查郑州市黄河中心医院随机抽取的妊娠妇女392例,Epidata 3.1软件录入资料,SPSS13.0软件做统计学分析.结果:郑州市妊娠妇女普遍缺乏营养知识,饮食行为不够理想,但营养态度较好;妊娠妇女获得营养知识的主要渠道是医护人员、报刊和书籍、广播和电视.结论:郑州市妊娠妇女的营养知识缺乏,饮食行为有待改善,应加强医护人员的营养知识水平,加强医护人员对妊娠妇女培训内容和力度,进而提高妊娠妇女营养知识和态度,促进其改变不良的饮食行为,促进母子健康.

  20. Nutritional knowledge of UK coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockburn, Emma; Fortune, Alistair; Briggs, Marc; Rumbold, Penny

    2014-04-10

    Athletes obtain nutritional information from their coaches, yet their competency in this area is lacking. Currently, no research exists in the UK which has a different coach education system to many other countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sports nutrition knowledge of UK coaching certificate (UKCC) level 2 and 3, hockey and netball qualified coaches. All coaches (n = 163) completed a sports nutrition questionnaire to identify: (a) if they provided nutritional advice; (b) their level of sport nutrition knowledge; and (c) factors that may have contributed to their level of knowledge. Over half the coaches provided advice to their athletes (n = 93, 57.1%), even though they were not competent to do so. Coaches responded correctly to 60.3 ± 10.5% of all knowledge questions with no differences between those providing advice and those who did not (p > 0.05). Those coaches who had undertaken formal nutrition training achieved higher scores than those who had not (p sports coaches would benefit from continued professional development in sports nutrition to enhance their coaching practice.

  1. Nutritional Knowledge of UK Coaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Cockburn

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Athletes obtain nutritional information from their coaches, yet their competency in this area is lacking. Currently, no research exists in the UK which has a different coach education system to many other countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sports nutrition knowledge of UK coaching certificate (UKCC level 2 and 3, hockey and netball qualified coaches. All coaches (n = 163 completed a sports nutrition questionnaire to identify: (a if they provided nutritional advice; (b their level of sport nutrition knowledge; and (c factors that may have contributed to their level of knowledge. Over half the coaches provided advice to their athletes (n = 93, 57.1%, even though they were not competent to do so. Coaches responded correctly to 60.3 ± 10.5% of all knowledge questions with no differences between those providing advice and those who did not (p > 0.05. Those coaches who had undertaken formal nutrition training achieved higher scores than those who had not (p < 0.05. In conclusion, UK sports coaches would benefit from continued professional development in sports nutrition to enhance their coaching practice.

  2. Urban community nursing staff nutrition knowledge - attitude - behavior survey analysis%城市社区护人员营养知识-态度-行为的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘西韶; 廖华; 沈灿芳; 莫宝妹; 段玲; 洪巧玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Community health care workers of the nutrition knowledge, attitudes and behavior, nutrition and health education to provide a scientific basis . Methods:KAP's questionnaire on the use of different trophic levels of 99 community health care workers in nutrition knowledge, attitude and eating behavior survey. Results:Community health care workers mainly lack of Chinese dietary guidelines, nutrition, disease treatment and understanding of other aspects of body mass index; but good nutrition attitude, hoping to obtain nutrition through a variety of ways of training. Conclusion: Strengthen community health care nutrition and dietary guidance skills training, effective nutrition education.%目的:探讨社区医护人更的营养知识、态度和行为,为营养健康教育提供科学依据.方法:采用K-A-P的同卷方式对不同营养程度的99名社区医护人员进行营齐知识、态度和饮食行为的调查.结果:社区医护人员主缺乏中国居民膳食指南、疾病营养治疗以及体质指数等方面的了解;但营养态度较好,希望通过多种途径获得营养知识的培训.结论:加强对社区医护人员营养知识和饮食指导技能的培训,开展有效的营养教育工作.

  3. Investigation on nutrition knowledge,attitude and behaviors of clinical nurses%314名临床护士营养知识、态度及行为的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁芳; 康凤英; 赵晓燕; 寇丽红

    2015-01-01

    [目的]了解临床护士营养知识、态度及行为的现状及其影响因素,为制定合理、规范的营养培训课程提供参考。[方法]采用自设问卷对我院314名临床护士营养知识、态度、行为进行调查,对调查结果进行单因素及多因素分析。[结果]临床护士营养知识得分7.71分±2.59分,健康状态、年龄、护龄是影响营养知识的主要因素;营养态度得分21.37分±2.36分,营养知识、体重指数、护龄是影响营养态度的主要因素;营养行为得分33.55分±3.12分,护龄、健康状态、年龄、营养知识、营养态度是影响其营养行为的主要因素。[结论]临床护士营养知识水平有待提高,应根据其营养知识、态度和行为的影响因素制度合理、科学、可行、具体的营养培训课程。%Objective:To understand the status quo of nutritional knowledge,attitude and behaviors of clinicalnurses and its influencing factors,and to provide references for making a reasonable and standard nutrition training courses.Methods:the self designed questionnaire was used to investigate the nutrition knowledge,atti-tude and behavior of 314 nurses in our hospital.The results were analyzed by single factor and multi factor anal-ysis.Results:The nutrition knowledge score of clinical nurses was 7.71±2.59.The health status,age and nurs-ing age were the main factors affecting the nutritional knowledge.Nutrition attitude score was 21.37±2.36,nu-trition knowledge,weight index,nursing age were the main factors influencing the nutrition attitude.Nutritionbehavior score was 33.55 ±3.12.Nursing age,health state,age,nutritional knowledge and attitude were themain factors affecting the nutrition behaviors.Conclusion:Nutrition knowledge level of clinical nurses needs tobe improved.The reasonable,scientific,feasible and specific nutritional training courses should be made based onthe influencing factors of nutritional knowledge,attitude and

  4. 186例孕妇孕期营养知识、态度和行为调查%Investigation of nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior in 186 pregnant women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤华臻; 朱采萍

    2012-01-01

      目的:了解本社区孕妇营养知识、态度和行为及其影响因素,为今后孕妇营养教育工作提供参考.方法:对2011年9月~12月来就诊的186名孕妇进行营养知识、态度和行为(KAP)调查.结果:本社区孕妇营养 KAP 调查及格率仅为52.15%;孕妇营养知识、态度、行为间呈明显正相关,孕妇营养 KAP 水平与文化程度和孕周呈正相关.结论:目前孕妇的营养知识、态度和行为有待改善,重点应在孕早期和低学历孕妇中加强营养教育.%  Objective: To investigate the nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior of the pregnant women and their influencing factors to provide the scientific basis for the future nutrition education work in the community. Method: The questionnaire method was used to investigate the knowledge, attitude and behavior of 186 pregnant women from Sept to Dec. 2011 in the out-patient department. Result: The passing rate for pregnant women nutrition KAP was only 52.15%. Their K score, A score and P score had obviously positive correlation and the pregnant women nutrition KAP level was positively related to the culture degree and gestational weeks. Conclusion: Now the pregnant women nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior need to be improved. We should have the key to strengthen nutrition education in the early stage of the pregnancy and in the pregnant women with Low educational attainment.

  5. 肿瘤科护士营养知识态度及行为的调查%Investigation and analysis of nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior of nurses in Department of Oncology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶; 戈晓华

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解肿瘤科护士的营养知识、态度、行为现状,并分析相关影响因素,为临床护士开设营养类课程培训提供实证依据。方法采用自行设计的调查问卷,方便抽样上海市某三甲医院肿瘤内外科151名护士进行营养知识、态度及行为的调查分析。结果151名肿瘤内外科护士的营养知识、营养态度、营养行为得分分别为(75.4±10.6),(78.5±11.5),(67.9±9.3)分,影响营养知识的主要因素是学校是否进行营养培训、工作后是否接受过培训、护龄;影响营养态度的主要因素是科室护理级别;影响营养行为的主要因素是学历、管理者检查。结论肿瘤内外科护士的营养知信行现状不尽如人意,应开展有效的培训,加强管理和考核,改善其营养知识、态度和行为。%Objective To understand the status of nutritional knowledge , attitude and practice ( KAP) of oncology nurses from one class three grade A hospital in Shanghai City , so as to provide theoretic basis for nutrition training .Methods A self-designed questionnaire was used to survey 151 nurses received about their KAP of nutrition.Results The nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice scores of nurses were (75.4 ± 10.6), (78.5 ±11.5) and (67.9 ±9.3) respectively.A positive correlation was determined between nutritional KAP .Multiple linear regression analysis showed that nutritional course at school , nutritional course at work, nursing age were related to nutritional knowledge .The rank of quality nursing were related to nutritional attitude. And education background , management examination were related to nutritional practice . Conclusions The present status of nutritional knowledge , attitude and practice is dissatisfactory in surgery oncology nurses , so effective and feasible nutrition training ,assess and management are recommended for nurses to improve their nutritional knowledge , attitude

  6. 深圳市宝安区肥胖儿童营养知识、态度、行为调查%Bao'an District, Shenzhen, obese child nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘西韶; 陈侃; 刘健宏; 李迎芳; 肖巨庆

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解本地区肥胖儿童营养知识、态度和行为(KAP)现状,在肥胖儿童中普及营养知识、改变不良的饮食习惯,提倡平衡膳食.方法:随机整群抽取宝安区10所学校6~12岁学生790名,采取自行设计的调查问卷对肥胖儿童进行有关营养知识、态度、行为调查.结果:营养测试中,营养教育程度越高的儿童成绩越好,大部份儿童的营养态度端正,行为良好,但部分儿童也存在一些问题如:按照口味而不是按照营养需要选择食物,不常吃水果、常吃零食、雪糕等.结论:课堂教育对提高肥胖儿童的营养知识水平有重大作用;在加强课堂营养教育的同时,应注重综合性的宣传教育,以提高儿童的营养知识水平,建立良好的饮食行为.%Objective obese children. Bao'an District, Shenzhen, nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior (KAP) status for the development of nutrition interventions for obese children to provide evidence. Methods Random cluster sample of 10 schools, Bao'an District, students aged 6 to 12 790, to take self-designed questionnaire about obese children, nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior. Results Nutrition tests, the higher the level of nutrition education the better results for children, most child nutrition with the right attitude, good behavior, but some children, there are some problems such as: according to taste and not in accordance with the nutritional needs of food choices, do not eat fruit, eat snacks, ice cream. Conclusion nutrition education in obese children should be strengthened to improve the nutritional knowledge, changing dietary behavior and improving the health of obese children.

  7. 家长营养知识-态度-行为对肥胖儿童的影响%Influence of famiy's nutritional knowledge,attitude and behavior for childhood obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄雪芹; 段玲; 沈灿芳; 陈侃; 刘健宏; 李迎芳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the parents's nutrition knowledge, attitude, behavior and its influencing factors for the development of targeted intervention strategies to provide basic nutrition education information. Methods: Methods: 790 parents in ten community health center were investigated on child obesity knowledge, attitude, behavior ( KAP ). Results: The parents of children with generally low levels of nutritional knowledge, nutritional knowledge and awareness of the factors that affect mainly the parents, educational level and economic status. Conclusion: The parents of the lifestyle, eating habits and attitudes on obesity awareness against obesity were important factors on affecting children obesity.%目的:了解肥胖儿童家长营养知识-态度-行为水平及其影响因素,为制订有针对性的营养教育干预策略提供基础资料.方法:对深圳市宝安区10家社区健康服务中心790名儿童家长进行有关儿童肥胖知识-态度-行为调查.结果:儿童家长营养知识水平普遍偏低,影响营养知识知晓率的因素主要是家长的文化程度.结论:父母的生活方式、饮食习惯及对肥胖症危害的认知态度是影响儿童肥胖发生的重要因素.

  8. Romanian knowledge and attitudes regarding dietary fibers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica TARCEA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Presently, the scientists recognize the health benefits of food fibers in the menu and also plant food sources are at high interest both for general population and food companies. The food companies are responsible for a clear nutrition labelling that will assist consumers to make informed and healthy choices and health providers has to inform the population about the benefits of fibers. The aim of our study was to evaluate the Romanian knowledge and attitudes regarding dietary fibers from food products. Materials and methods: We made a qualitative survey based on a questionnaire applied in 2015, over a period of 6 months, over 670 Romanian consumers. It was focused on testing the attitudes and knowledge towards ingestion of foods rich in fibers. For all data analysis we used the software SPSS, from IBM Inc. Results and Discussions: Our results showed that the knowledge about dietary fibers and also the ingestion of food products rich in fibers were low, and most of the subjects didn’t have any interest to read the nutritional information from food labels related to fibers. The female participants ate more whole grains and fruits than males and pay more attention to food labelling, the Romanian people prefer to stay and eat home than at restaurants especially in rural areas, and the knowledge about fibers benefits was significantly related to education and urban location. Conclusion: We underline the needs for more efficient community interventions and proper information about the importance of dietary fibers for our health and also to improve and disseminate our nutritional standards and diet recommendation among population.

  9. Assessment of nutrition knowledge and related aspects among first-year Kuwait University students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sabban, Farouk; Badr, Hanan E

    2011-01-01

    Assessing nutrition knowledge of populations assists in drawing strategies for education programs. Nutrition-related problems are common in Kuwait, thus data on nutrition knowledge are needed. This study involved administration of a questionnaire to 1,037 first-year Kuwait University students. The overall nutrition knowledge score was rated as fair, with deficiency in specific areas of knowledge. Students' dietary habits, attitudes, and interest in nutrition information were assessed as fair. Our findings will aid in building a nutrition knowledge database in Kuwait. A simplified course on aspects of healthy nutrition and lifestyle to all Kuwait University students is highly recommended.

  10. 192名规范化培训护士营养知识态度及行为的调查分析%Knowledge,Attitude and Behavior of Nutrition of Nurses Received Standard Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晶晶; 林征; 谢晓峰

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解规范化培训护士营养知识、态度、行为现状及培训需求,分析相关影响因素,为护士营养规范化培训提供理论依据.方法 采用自行设计调查问卷及一般自我效能感量表对192 名规范化培训护士进行营养知识、态度及行为的调查分析.结果 规范化培训护士的营养态度较好,营养知识水平一般,营养行为水平偏低;营养知识、态度及行为均与自我效能感呈正相关(P<0.05 或P<0.01).营养知识的主要影响因素是护龄(P<0.05)、学校是否开设营养课程(P<0.01)及自我效能感(P<0.05);营养态度的主要影响因素是所在科室开展优质护理的级别(P<0.05)及自我效能感(P<0.01);营养行为的主要影响因素是学历(P<0.05)及自我效能感(P<0.01).护士希望获得的培训内容是营养与健康、营养与疾病、食物的合理搭配和烹调等.结论 规范化培训护士的营养知信行现状不容乐观,应根据需求开展有效可行的营养规范化培训,提高规范化培训护士的自我效能感,改善其营养知识、态度和行为.%Objective To understand the status and training demands of the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in nurses received standardized training and to provide theoretic basis of nutrition training. Methods A self-designed questionnaire and General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale were used to survey 192 nurses received standardized training about their KAP of nutrition. Results The nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice scores were (73.6±9.7), (77.9±9.8), (65.5±11.7) respectively. A positive correlation was determined between nutritional KAP and nurses' self-efficacy (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that nursing age, nutritional course at school and self-efficacy were related to nutritional knowledge (P<0.05 or P< 0.01); the rank of quality nursing and self-efficacy were related to nutritional attitude (P<0.05 or P<0

  11. SPORT NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF COACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Vasiljević

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Decades of research support the theory that when there are sports competitions the question of what to eat and drink in order to enhance sport performance. Nutrition is one of the most important factors in achieving top performance athletes. According to most studies conducted in the world's top athletes receive information from their coaches when it comes to sports nutrition, especially of the coaches involved in fitness training. (Burns, Schiller, Merrick & Wolf, 2004.The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge of sports nutrition in sports coaching. Mthods: The sample was composed of 30 licensed coaches from Montenegro (football, handball, basketball, volleyball, athletics and tennis. Knowledge of sports nutrition was tested by means of a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed to determine the knowledge manager on sports nutrition, the ingredients that are necessary in order to provide a sufficient amount of energy to training and competition, the dietary supplements, meal prior to the competition as well as dehydration and rehydration during training and competition. The survey was anonymous. The data were analyzed by statistical methods, using the statistical software STATISTICA for WINDOWS. Results: According to the results as a whole, it can be concluded that the trainer's knowledge of sports nutrition at a satisfactory level. Out of 600 responses was achieved 469 correct answers, or 78.1%. However, when looking at individual responses then satisfaction with the relative high percentage loss since the observed large gaps on very important issues related to sports nutrition. Discussion: By analyzing and comparing research results (Matkovic, Prince & Cigrovski, 2006 that in a sample of 56 coaches basketball and skiing, received 77.8% of correct answers and insight into the results of our study, it is clear that the results of the approximate value of both work, which is an indicator of quality

  12. 医学生对食品营养标签的知识态度行为的调查%Investigation on medical students' knowledge, attitude and behavior about food nutrition labels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丽; 王玉虹; 康瑞雪; 夏青; 周瑞华

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解医学生对食品营养标签的知识(K)、态度(A)、行为(P)状况为今后提高医学生食品营养标签知识提供依据.方法 采用随机分层抽样和问卷调查方法,选取某医学院5个医学相关专业的一、三年级本科学生共568人.问卷内容主要有营养标签知识、营养基础知识,态度、行为,回答正确的得1分,共54分.共发放问卷600份.结果 K分回答正确率为58.2%,其中男、女生回答正确率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养基础知识正确率为63.9%,营养标签知识与营养基础知识的得分情况之间存在正相关(r=0.353,P=0.000);A分中,85.0%的学生认为有必要学习营养标签知识;P分中,39.1%的学生依据食物营养价值及健康需要选择食物类别.结论 医学生对食品营养标签知识了解程度尚欠缺,对营养基础知识的学习有待进一步提高.%OBJECTIVE To understand medical students' knowledge (K),attitude (A),behavior (P) about food nutrition labels,to provide the basis for future improvement of medical students' knowledge about food nutrition labels.METHODS By random stratified sampling and questionnaire investigation,selected 568 undergraduate students on grade one,three in five medical related specialties in a medical college.Questionnaire mainly included nutrition labeling knowledge,nutritional knowledge,attitude,behavior.RESULTS Effective response on questionnaire were 568 samples; K points answer correct rate reached 58.2%,the difference of answer accuracy between males and females was significant (P < 0.05) ; correct rate in basic knowledge of nutrition only got 63.9%,scores in food nutrition labels knowledge and basic knowledge of nutrition were related (r =0.353,P =0.000).A point,85.0% of the students thought it was necessary to study nutrition labeling knowledge; P point,39.1% of students selected food categories according to nutrition of food and health demand.CONCLUSION Medical

  13. The survey of nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of medical college students%某医学院校大学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    束莉; 马嬿; 赵文红; 张晨; 尹传令

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice( KAP) of college students in a medical college. Methods:Six hundred and forty-one college students from three grades of clinical and prevention profession were investigated with nutritional KAP questionnaire by random cluster sampling method. Results:The average score of nutritional KAP of all students was (44. 5 ± 6. 2). The scores of nutritional knowledge,attitude and KAP in girls were higher than those in boys from different grades (P<0. 05 to P<0. 01). The scores of nutritional knowledge and attitude and KAP total scores in girls and boys from the fourth grade were higher than those in the first and third grades(P<0. 01). The sex and grade were the major influence factors of nutritional KAP score by multiple linear regression analysis. Conclusions:Students have poorly nutritional knowledge,poverty of the source and role of some common nutrients and active attitude. Launching effective nutritional education to improve their nutritional knowledge and guiding daily dietary can lay the foundation of further dietary guide and nutritional knowledge popularization.%目的:了解某医学院校在校大学生的营养知识、态度、行为( KAP)状况。方法:采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取临床医学、预防医学专业三个年级学生共641名,进行营养KAP问卷调查。结果:大学生营养KAP平均得分为(44.5±6.2),不同年级女生的营养知识、营养态度得分及KAP总分均高于不同年级男生(P<0.05~P<0.01);四年级男女生的营养知识、营养态度得分及KAP总分均高于一、三年级的男女生(P<0.01)。经多元线性回归分析,影响大学生营养KAP得分的主要因素为性别和年级。结论:该校学生目前营养知识掌握水平较差,对一些常见营养素的来源及作用认识不足,但均有积极的态度,因此应在学校内开展有效的营养教育来提高学

  14. 初产妇妊娠晚期的营养知识、态度、行为调查%Survey on Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Primiparae During Late Pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘运华

    2012-01-01

    目的 对本院2011年1- 12月间初产妇共150例进行妊娠晚期的营养知识、态度和行为调研,以作为有效防治初产妇营养不良、提高母婴健康的有效依据. 方法 对照组70例初产妇仅定期进行检查;研究组80例初产妇均采用营养干预方法. 结果 研究组初产妇营养知识、营养行为调查平均分和及格率均明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).两组初产妇营养态度平均分和及格率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05). 结论 初产妇妊娠晚期有较好的营养态度,但多数孕妇在营养知识和营养行为方面欠缺,影响母婴健康,营养干预有助于改善初产妇营养知识结构和行为.%Objective To survey the nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior of 150 primiparas in late pregnancy from January to December 2011 so as to provide an effective basis for preventing primiparas' malnutrition and improving maternal and child health. Methods Seventy primiparas in control group were inspected regularly, while 80 primiparas in study group were nursed by nutritional intervention. Results The average score and passing rate of nutritional knowledge and nutrition behavior survey in study group were significantly higher than those of control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). Conclusions Primiparas in late pregnancy have good attitudes towards nutrition, but many primiparas lack correct nutritional knowledge and nutrition behavior, which affect maternal and child health. Nutritional intervention is conducive to improving the nutrition structure and behavior of primiparas.

  15. Investigation on Students' Nutrition State, Knowledge, Attitude and Eating Behavior%大学生营养状况、知识、态度及饮食行为的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮亮; 陈新俊; 蒋立文; 侯爱香

    2012-01-01

    调查了解当前大学生的营养状况和对营养知识的知晓程度,为引导大学生合理膳食提供科学依据。采用自行设计的"大学生营养状况、知识、态度及饮食行为的调查"问卷方式,以湖南、湖北的大学生为研究对象,对500名在校大学生进行随机问卷调查。调查结果表明,大学生营养状况较差、营养知识缺乏、饮食行为不规律,但对营养知识具有强烈的求知欲望。建议高校加强食育体系建设、强化食堂的专业建设和管理等提高大学生的营养意识及健康水平。%To know nutritional status and the extent of nutrition knowledge awareness of the current university students to provide scientific basis for rational diet, a survey on nutritional state, knowledge, attitude and eating behavior was finished by 500 students in Hunan and Hubei province using random questionnaire survey. Results showed that students' nutritional states and nutrition knowledge were poor, and eating behavior was also not disciplinary, but the students had strong desire with nurition knowledge. It was suggested that college should strengthen the development of food education system and school cafeteria of professional construction and management to improve their nutrition consciousness and health.

  16. 情侣及单身青年营养知识、态度、行为调查%Study on nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of lovers and unmarried youths

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱希倩; 王菊生; 刘俊须; 綦翠华; 王淑娥; 赵长峰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of young lovers and unmarried youth,and to provide evidence for teaching nutritional knowledge to the young people. Methods A survey on nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice was carried out among young lovers and unmarried youths chosen randomly in the urban of Ji'nan city with a self-designed questionnaire. Results The results showed that the average score of the nutritional knowledge of the youths who had lovers was higher than at of the unmarried youths ( P < 0. 05 ). Women were more interested in nutritional knowledge than men ( P < 0. 05). The rate of having the habit of food avoidance of the women was higher than that of the men ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion The starus of love affair and sex difference have influence on the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice of the young people. Persons with lover master more nutritional knowledge. Women have better nutritional attitude. More women have food avoidance.%目的 了解情侣与单身青年营养知识、态度、行为差异,为对青年人进行营养宣教提供科学依据.方法 随机抽取山东济南市区100对情侣和单身青年男女各100名进行营养知识、态度、行为及情侣间饮食影响问卷调查.结果 情侣组男女平均分分别为16.99和17.43分,单身组男女平均分分别为16.44和16.24分,情侣组男女平均分均高于单身组男女(P<0.05);情侣组和单身组女性对营养知识感兴趣的分别有86,83人,分别占86%和83%,均高于2组男性(P<0.05);情侣组和单身组男性在外就餐的分别有36,41人,分别占36.7%和42.3%,均高于2组女性(P<0.05);情侣组和单身组女性有挑食习惯的分别有29,33人,分别占29.6%和33.0%,均高于2组男性(P<0.05).结论 性别和是否单身对青年人营养知识、态度、行为有影响;情侣营养知识掌握较好,女性营养态度较好,男性在外就餐者多于女性,爱挑食者少于女性.

  17. 桂林七星区社区居民营养知识、态度及行为调查分析%An Analysis of Residents'Nutritional Knowledge,Attitudes and Behaviors in Qixing District of Guilin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜密英

    2015-01-01

    为了解桂林七星区社区居民营养知识、态度和行为现状,也为开展营养宣教提供依据,采取填写调查问卷,随机抽取桂林七星区5个社区300名居民进行调查,结论表明桂林七星区社区居民的营养知识水平较低,营养行为不尽合理,营养态度积极.%In order to provide reference for a nutritional education campaign , this paper conducts a question-naire survey of the nutritional knowledge ,attitudes and behaviors of residents in Qixing district of Guilin .300 people in five communities of Qixing district were selected randomly for the survey .The findings reveal their low level of nutritional knowledge ,irrational behaviors and positive attitudes in this respect .

  18. Socio-demographic and attitudinal determinants of nutrition knowledge of food shoppers in six European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G; Wills, Josephine; Fernandez-Celemin, Laura

    2012-01-01

    products. Differences in the level of knowledge found were related to country, socio-demographic characteristics, attitude to healthy eating, and use of different sources of nutrition knowledge. Results showed that nutrition knowledge is multi-dimensional, with especially knowledge on calorie content being...... unrelated to the rest. Attitude to healthy eating and use of different information sources were weakly but significantly related to level of nutrition knowledge. Direct effects of socio-demographic characteristics were stronger, and inter-country differences were pronounced, with highest scores for the UK......Nutrition knowledge is a prerequisite for processing nutrition-related information when making food choices. Insight into determinants of nutrition knowledge is important both for designing measures aimed at increasing levels of nutrition knowledge and for food industry attempting to position food...

  19. Investigation and correlation analysis of maternal nutrition knowledge-attitude-practice in Wuhan%武汉市孕妇营养知识、态度及行为调查及其相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静; 叶晓娟; 宋琪; 姚静; 杨年红

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解武汉市孕妇营养知识、态度及行为情况,探讨三者之间的相关性。方法采用问卷方法调查武汉市608例孕妇的一般情况和营养知识、态度及行为(KAP)。结果武汉市孕妇的营养KAP水平总得分为(69.41±12.20)分,及格率为68.75%,孕妇营养认知水平处于中等偏下水平;营养态度较好;孕妇营养知识、态度和行为三者之间存在明显的正相关( r值分别为0.132、0.794、0.197,均P<0.01);孕妇文化程度和职业与营养KAP水平有相关性,不同文化程度和不同职业孕妇营养KAP水平存在显著差异性( r值分别为0.572、0.424,均P<0.01)。结论武汉市孕妇的营养知识和行为需进一步加强和改善,应根据孕妇文化程度、职业等采取不同方式的孕妇营养健康知识宣教,指导孕妇科学合理的安排饮食,促进孕妇健康,保护胎儿正常生长发育。%Objective To investigate the pregnant women ’ s nutrition knowledge , attitude and behavior ( knowledge-attitude-practice, KAP) and analyze their correlation .Methods Questionnaires were used to survey 608 pregnant women in Wuhan including general conditions and nutrition KAP .Results The total score of Wuhan maternal nutrition KAP level was 69.41 ±12.20 with 68.75%of passing rate.Pregnant women ’ s cognitive level of nutrition was in middle with good attitude .There was a significant correlation among maternal nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior (r value was 0.132, 0.794 and 0.197, respectively, all P<0.01).Nutrition KAP level was correlated with maternal education level and occupation , and there were significant differences in maternal nutrition KAP between pregnant women with different education level and profession (r value was 0.572 and 0.424, respectively, both P<0.01).Conclusion Maternal nutrition knowledge and behavior in Wuhan city need to be further strengthened and improved

  20. The knowledge,attitude and practice on nutrition in students of one health school in Shanxi%山西省某卫生学校学生营养知识态度行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐海英; 陈华; 侯向青; 张静; 李秀花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解某卫校学生的营养"知识(K)、态度(A)、行为(P)"(KAP)现状,为进一步对其营养教育提供科学依据.方法 采取分层整群抽样的方法对晋中市卫校的三个年级的490名护理专业学生进行自行设计的营养KAP问卷调查.结果 学生的营养知识缺乏,营养知识得分为11.0±3.6.城乡及不同年级学生得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),城市学生得分高,高年级学生得分高;学生对待营养的态度较好,93.6%的卫校学生认为有必要学习营养知识;学生饮食行为较差,仅有35.4%的卫校学生饮食规律;各年级在食用豆制品频率为1-2次/d方面差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 该卫校学生营养知识掌握水平普遍欠缺,但均有积极良好的态度,应加强护理专业学生营养知识健康教育和饮食行为的正确引导.%Objective To know the nutritional "knowledge,attitude and practice (KAP)" of students of a Shanxi health school and to provide a basic nutrition guidance. Methods A total of 490 nursing students of three grades from Jinzhong health school were enrolled in this study by stratified and cluster sampling methods . KAP questionnaire was designed and finished in 490 subjects. Results Most students lacked nutritional knowledge with an average score of 11.0 ±3. 6. There was significantly different in the scores of nutritional knowledge between urban and rural students and among different grades (P <0.05 ). The nutrition knowledge score was higher in urban students than that in rural students (P < 0.05 ). Higher grades was, higher score was. The attitude of students towards nutrition was bet -ter,and 93. 6% of medical school students thought to be necessary to learn knowledge of nutrition . The eating behavior of students was poor,only 35. 4% had regular diet. Frequency of consumption of soy products for 1-2 times per day was significantly different among different grades (P <0.05). Conclusion Health school students master

  1. 204例孕妇营养知识水平、态度与行为调查%Investigation on nutritional knowledge level, attitude and practice of 204 pregnant women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻立芳; 曾亮华; 李秀琼; 秦子惠; 牛晓虎

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市孕妇营养知识、饮食行为及其影响因素,为开展孕妇营养教育工作提供依据.方法:采用随机抽样方法对204例孕妇进行营养知识、态度、行为问卷调查.结果:孕妇营养KAP水平较差,总合格率为75.5%;30.4%的孕妇营养知识不足,营养态度不端正占26.5%.营养行为三者普遍较好,合格率达83.3%;孕妇的营养知识、态度、行为三者呈明显正相关关系;孕妇获得营养信息的来源主要是网络(88.6%)和专业书籍(69.3%)、报刊杂志和电视广播各占50.0%.教育程度和孕周、年龄、户籍、职业对孕妇营养KAP水平有影响(P<0.000 1).结论:加强医院孕期营养教育,对孕妇开展有针对性的个体化营养教育和干预,提高医务人员的营养知识技能水平,同时应全面提高孕产妇健康素质.%Objective: To understand the nutritional knowledge and dietary behavior of pregnant women in Shenzhen and the effect factors, provide a basis for carrying out nutritional educational work among pregnant women. Methods: Random sampling method was used to survey nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of 204 pregnant women. Results: The nutritional KAP level of pregnant women in Shenzhen was low, the total passing rate was 75. 5% , 30. 4% of the pregnant women lacked nutritional knowledge, the proportion of pregnant women with incorrect nutritional attitude was 26. 5%. The nutritional behavior of pregnant women in Shenzhen was good, the passing rate was 83. 3% ; there was a correlation among nutritional KAP. The sources of nutritional information were from the network (88. 6% ) and books (69. 3% ); newspaper/magazine and TV/radio accounted for 50.0% , respectively. The educational level, gestational weeks, maternal age, household register and occupation had impact on nutritional KAP level of pregnant women in Shenzhen (P < 0. 000 1) . Conclusion : The nutritional education during pregnancy should be

  2. 儿科门诊患儿家属钙营养知识、态度、行为调查%Survey on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Calcium Nutrition of Pediatric Outpatients' Parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾海生; 邓朝晖; 柯水旺

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of knowledge, attitude and practice with calcium nutrition in pediatric outpatients' parents, and to provide a basis for developing nutrition education. Methods A total of 550 pediatric outpatients' parents were randomly given questionnaires to test their knowledge, attitude and practice with calcium nutrition and the sickness status of the patients in Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Wuchuan, the People's Hospital, and Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Results The parents were generally devoid of knowledge with calcium nutrition. The incidence rates of malnutrition and repeated respiratory tract infection in children patients of parents with nutrition knowledge score 6. The dietary patterns of children patients were unreasonable, which resulted in an insufficient intake of milk, dairy products, shrimp and bone soup with vinegar and ginger that contained abundant calcium. But all the children's parents had a good attitude on nutrition and were willing to acquire more nutrition knowledge and alter their dietary habits so as to increase the intake of dietary calcium. Conclusions Countermeasures should be taken to improve the outpatient parents' calcium nutrition knowledge level and guide the parents in establishing good eating habits so as to reduce the incidence of the disease and improve the nutrition status of children patients.%目的 了解儿科门诊患者家属钙营养知识、态度、行为现状,为开展营养健康教育提供依据. 方法 采用K-A-P问卷方式随机对吴川市妇幼保健院、人民医院、中医院儿科门诊就诊的550名患儿家属调查其钙营养知识、态度、行为及患儿患病的情况. 结果 患儿家属钙营养知识普遍缺乏;营养知识得分少于6分的患儿家属的小孩患营养不良、反复呼吸道感染的比率高达80.3%、96.4%,显著高于营养知识得分高于6分的患儿家属的小孩;患者家属膳食结构不合理,

  3. Nutritional knowledge attitude and behavior among middle school students in Fujian Province%福建省中学生营养知识态度和行为现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文祥; 蒋东勇; 洪晓东; 郭润达; 张泳芳

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解福建省中学生营养知识、态度和饮食行为情况,为提高中学生健康水平提供依据.方法 对福建省5所中学1 539名中学生进行问卷调查.问卷涉及基本情况、营养知识、饮食态度、饮食习惯等方面.结果 多数中学生对营养知识掌握比较肤浅,营养知识总及格率为32.9%,缺乏全面深入的了解,不了解《中国居民膳食指南》的学生达47.6%.普遍存在不合理的膳食行为,早餐的食用率仅为37.2%.女生比男生对营养知识掌握更多.结论 中学生营养知识和饮食习惯存在较多问题,应加强中学生营养知识的教育,纠正其不合理的饮食习惯.%Objective To study the dietary habits and nutritional knowledge of school students in Fujian Province, and to provide evidence for improving healthy levels of school students. Methods A survey was conducted by using a questionnaire to 1 539 middle school students in Fujian. The questionnaire involved basic information, nutritional knowledge, dietary attitude and dietary habits. Results Most students' nutrition knowledge was very poor, they lacked a better understanding of nutrition knowledge and had some unhealthy dietary behaviors. Girls had the better nutrition knowledge than boys. Conclusion There are many problems existing in school students' nutritional knowledge and dietary habits. Nutrition education should be implemented to correct the school students' unhealthy dietary habits.

  4. An educational model for improving diet counselling in primary care. A case study of the creative use of doctors' own diet, their attitudes to it and to nutritional counselling of their patients with diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Palmvig, Birthe; Andreasen, Anne Helms;

    2005-01-01

    Nutritional counseling; Nutritional education; Nutritional assessment; Primary care; Continuing medical education; Doctors' diet; Doctors attitudes; Doctors' knowledge; Body mass index; Educational model; Food frequency questionaire......Nutritional counseling; Nutritional education; Nutritional assessment; Primary care; Continuing medical education; Doctors' diet; Doctors attitudes; Doctors' knowledge; Body mass index; Educational model; Food frequency questionaire...

  5. Knowledge, Attitude And Practice of Mother with Children Under Five Years on The Use of Virgin Coconut Oil’s Residue to Local Foods to Increase Child’s Nutritional in Buton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murlan Murlan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Backgroud: Buton District was had the highest case on children under fi ve years’ malnutritions in South East Sulawesi Province. Butonesse have culture of making Virgin Coconut Oil which made from coconut untill now. Side product of VCO was a coconut residue (blondo which has not been used by the community. Blondo VCO contains a lot of protein clumps of coconut which is similar to the formula that can be used for food additives, especially in children because it is easily to absorb. The aim of this study was to determine increasing of knowledge, changing behavior and attitudes on mothers of children under fi ve years about the use of blondo VCO for additional nutritional improvement of local food. Methods: this study used intervention on nutritions’ knowledge based on the use of lokal ingredient. Training and practice about children’s local food processing with blondo VCO were held. Results: The results showed that there was an improvement in knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers after they had been given the intervention with counseling and training of local food with blondo VCO ingredients. There were variations of local food made by mothers more than before. Conclusions: It showed that the presence of counseling and training on the use of blondo VCO can increase knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards mothers who have children under fi ve. Recomendation: Suggestions of this study was processed of blondo VCO could be used as ingredient of local food with high nutritional value for society in general and for children in particular.

  6. Research on Current Situation of Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Elite Paddlers in Guangdong Province%广东省优秀划船运动员营养知信行的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康琰琰; 张援; 孙娟; 陈颖; 官凌菊

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解广东省划船运动员营养知识(Knowledge)、态度(Attitude)、行为(Practice)(简称 KAP)情况及相关影响因素,为制定科学的营养教育方案,实施有效的营养干预措施提供科学依据。方法:对广东省运动队79名优秀划船运动员进行膳食营养 KAP 调查。结果:划船运动员营养知识掌握较为欠缺;营养态度整体表现较好,部分男子皮划艇运动员营养态度不够端正,需要加以正确引导;营养行为情况良好,但仍存在一些问题,主要表现为营养素摄入不均衡、零食不当、三餐餐次不合理等方面。划船运动员营养知识与态度,营养态度与行为均呈非常显著正相关(p <0.01);KAP 总分与文化程度呈显著正相关(p <0.05)。结论:把运动员管理和餐厅膳食管理进行有效结合,使营养教育及膳食营养调控真正起到事半功倍的效果。%This paper aims to provide a scientific base for setting up nutrition education programs and carrying out effective intervening measures on nutrition by studying the affecting factors of paddlers 'nutrition knowledge, aptitude and practice with an investigation of 79 elite paddlers 'KAP.The results show that,on the whole, paddlers'attitude and practice of nutrition is remarkable,but they lack nutrition knowledge and some peddlers'poor attitudes need guidance.Problems also occur in their practice,such as imbalance of nutrition intake,snacks and three meals.Remarkable positive correlations (p <0.01)prove to exist between paddlers'nutrition knowledge and attitudes,between nutrition attitudes and practice.The whole score of KAP is also positively correlated (p <0.05)with paddlers'education.The paper concludes that an effective combination of paddlers'management with dieting will yield greater efforts on nutrition education and balance.

  7. Effects of nutritional education on knowledge, attitude and practice among hospitalized elderly patients%营养教育对老年住院患者知信行的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳鹏; 王勃诗; 吕净

    2011-01-01

    调查120例平均年龄78岁的老年住院患者,在接受营养宣传教育前后知识、态度、行为的变化.结果 显示,接受教育前后知识知晓分数分别为46±21和85±18(P<0.01),80岁以上患者的知晓分数从入院时的41±21升至83±18(P<0.01);教育前治疗饮食执行率、普食执行率、医院就餐率分别为48.9%、57.7%和50.8%,教育后分别为93.6%、100.0%和95.0%,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).建议将营养教育纳入老年住院患者的常规治疗措施.%One hundred and twenty elderly inpatients (average aged 78) were randomly sampled from the Department of Geriatrics, Peking University People's Hospital for a questionnaire survey on the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) before and after receiving nutritional education. The results showed that the average score for nutrition knowledge of the subjects was 46 ± 21 and 85 ± 18 before and after nutrition education respectively (P <0. 01 ); the progress for patients aged over 80 was more remarkable:nutrition knowledge score increased to 83 ± 18 from 41 ±21 on the admission ( P <0. 01 ). Before nutritional education, the rates of treatment diet implementation, ordinary diet implementation and hospital repast were 48.9%, 57.7% and 50. 8%, respectively, which reached to 93. 6%, 100. 0% and 95.0% after nutritional education (P <0. 01 ). The results indicate that the nutrition education is an effective approach to improve nutritional KAP among elderly inpatients. We propose to implement nutrition education in elderly inpatients as a routine clinical treatment measures.

  8. Study on the nutrition knowledge - attitude - behavior of 790 parents of obese children.%肥胖儿童家长营养知识-态度-行为调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘西韶; 刘健宏; 陈侃; 李迎芳; 段铃

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To understand the nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior and attitude of the status of nutrition education for parents of obese children , nutrition education for carrying out the scientific basis. Methods: 10 community health service centers for 790 parents of children on nutrition knowledge - attitude - behavior ( KAP ) were surveied. Results: Parents of obese children was generally low levels of nutritional knowledge, nutritional knowledge among the factors that affect mainly the parents education level and economic status, were willing to change their bad eating habits accounted for 89.0% , pay attention to its own body weight accounted for 65.1%. The actual source of nutrition information and expectations were the main source was television ( 71.9% , 49.3% ), newspapers and magazines ( 68. 62% , 34. 3% ) and professional books ( 18. 5% , 14. 0% ). Conclusion:Parents of children have some knowledge of nutrition, but the food pyramid and dietary guidelines for Chinese residents and other aspects of knowledge still poor. Eating habits of parents influenced childrens behavior.%目的:了解肥胖儿童家长的营养知识知晓度和进行营养教育的现状,为开展营养教育提供科学依据.方法:对深圳市宝安区10家社区健康服务中心790名儿童家长进行有关营养知识-态度-行为调查.结果:肥胖儿童家长营养知识水平普遍偏低,影响营养知识知晓率的因素主要有家长的文化程度和家庭经济状况,愿意改变自身不良饮食习惯者占89.01%,愿意吃平时不喜欢的健康食品的家长占65.11%.家长营养信息实际来源和期望来源主要是电视广播(71.9%、49.3%)、报纸杂志(68.62%、34.3%)以及专业书籍(18.5%、14.0%).结论:儿童家长具有一定营养知识,但有关食物金字塔和中国居民膳食指南等方面的知识仍较贫乏.家长的饮食习惯对儿童的行为影响很大.

  9. 体育专业学生营养与运动知识态度行为调查%Investigation about nutritional and sports knowledge,attitude and practice in physical professional students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓先强

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand nutrition and sports knowledge ,attitude and practice in physical profes-sional students ,and provide reference for future nutrition and health education .Methods A total of 236 physical pro-fessional undergraduates ,with different prior levels of nutrition education ,were given a questionnaire to investigate their nutritional knowledge ,attitude and behavior .Results Students lacked better understanding of nutritional and sports knowledge .The majority of these students had correct attitudes and fine dietary behavior .Most of these students were interested in learning more about nutrition and sports knowledge .Conclusion Formal nutrition educa-tion could be important in improving the student′s nutrition and sports knowledge ,and various activities should be implemented to make the students learn more and establish health dietary practices .%目的:了解体育专业学生对营养与运动知识的认知、态度和行为现状,为今后的营养与运动健康教育提供参考依据。方法抽取肇庆学院体育与健康学院体育专业一、二年级学生共236人作为调查对象,依据营养与运动知识教育程度分为两组:Ⅰ组为未接受营养与运动知识课堂教育的一年级学生108人(全部为男生);Ⅱ组为学习过《体育保健学》的二年级学生128人。采用匿名自填问卷方式进行营养与运动知识、态度和行为的调查。结果Ⅱ组得分比Ⅰ组高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。Ⅰ组学生的现有营养与运动知识来源主要是书刊报纸,其次是课堂教育;Ⅱ组学生则主要来自于课堂教育。大部分学生营养与运动知识态度端正,行为良好,愿意接受更多的营养与运动方面的知识。结论体育专业学生对营养与运动知识缺乏全面深入的了解,课堂教育对提高体育专业学生的营养与运动知识水平有重要作用,应采用多种形式对体育专业学生营养

  10. An investigation of the students' nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice in national university%民族大学学生营养知识、态度、行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张银霞; 王玉; 王潇乐; 邓丽丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To provide a reasonable and healthy nutrition direction for the college students, as well as to provide a nutrition healthy education reference for the universities by an investigation of the students' nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice in National University.Methods Stratified cluster sampling was used to investigate the 1 800 students' nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice in the National University.Results The average score in nutritive knowledge of the national University students was 16.80 ± 2.24.The score of Hah nationality students was significantly better than the minority students (x2 = 59.641, P < 0.001 ).There was no statistic significance in the difference of male and female students (x2 = 0.405, P = 0.817).Most of the students have an unhealthy diet behavior.However, 53.2 %of students were interested in nutritive knowledge and 44.9 % attached importance to their diet and nutrition.Conclusions It is very necessary to improve the students' nutritive knowledge and healthy diet behavior by actively developing nutrition and health education, taking a simple and versatile behavior intervention.%目的 通过调查某民族大学学生营养知识、态度与饮食行为现状,为大学生合理营养和健康生活提供科学指导,为学校有针对性地开展营养健康教育提供参考.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,对1 800名大学生以调查问卷形式进行营养知识、态度与饮食行为调查.结果 被调查大学生营养知识不足,平均得分为(16.80±2.24),其中汉族学生得分高于少数民族学生,差异有统计学意义(χ2=59.641,P<0.001),两组男女生得分差异无统计学意义(χ2=0.405,P=0.817);大部分学生有不良饮食行为,但53.2%的学生对营养知识感兴趣,44.9%的学生重视自己的饮食和营养状况.结论 积极开展营养健康教育,采取简单的多行为干预,提高大学生的营养知识水平,培养科学健康的生活行为是非常必要的.

  11. NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN PHENYLKETONURIA (PKU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz D. O. MIRANDA DA CRUZ

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: A review of phenylketonuria (PKU an autosomal recessive genetic desorder discovered and described in 1934 is presented and discussed. Excess phenylalanine is transamined and its presence or metabolites may cause brain damage. Hydroxylation is the most important determinant of phenylalanine homeostasis in humans. It has been shown a great geographic and ethnic variation in the presence of PKU. Neonatal screening is the main method to detect babies with this desorder. Restriction of phenylalanine intake is the most effective PKU treatment. There are several well balanced commercial formulas low in this amino acid. They should be introduced as soon as the positive PKU test is confirmed and be kept for a long time. Present knowledge allows the possibility of pregnancy of PKU girls, under dietary control. Alternative treatments have been proposed for PKU and great advance has lately been achieved on the genetic and nutricional aspects of the disease. KEYWORDS: Phenylketonuria; children; phenylalanine, nutrition PKU.

  12. Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Contraception Amongst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alasia Datonye

    good knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among women are important. ... demographic variable, awareness, knowledge of various contraceptive options ..... management and technology (IMT) Enugu. Public. Health.1992 ...

  13. 大学生营养知识、态度、行为调查及膳食状况评价%Investigation on college students′nutritional knowledge-attitude-practice and evaluation on their dietary status

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    束莉; 赵文红; 李婷; 胡停停

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the nutritional knowledge-attitude-practice ( KAP ) status and dietary structure among college students for improvement of their nutritional health. Methods:Self-designed questionnaires were distributed to 1 373 college students which were selected by cluster sampling from Bengbu Medical College randomly to investigate their nutritional KAP status. Results:There were significant differences between students with different nutritional KAP scores in age,sex,grade,monthly food consumption and body mass index(BMI)(P <0. 05 to P <0. 01). There were significant differences between students with different nutritional knowledge scores in age,sex,grade and area(P<0. 01). Logistic regression analysis showed that the scores of nutritional KAP were related to sex and grade(P<0. 01),excluding the confounding factors,the results showed that nutritional KAP scores of girls and high grade′s students were 1. 882 and 2. 402 times of boys and low grade′s students. Conclusions:Students in our school have low knowledge of nutritional information,especially the source and role of some common nutrients. But most of them have the active attitude,so the effective nutritional education should be performed to improve their nutritional level, then to improve the physical and mental development in college students.%目的::了解大学生的营养知识、态度、行为( KAP)状况及膳食结构,为提高其营养健康水平提供科学依据。方法:采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,抽取蚌埠医学院在校大学生1373人,应用自行设计的调查问卷对大学生进行营养KAP调查。结果:不同营养KAP得分等级大学生年龄、性别、年级、月饮食支出和体质量差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05~P<0.01)。不同营养知识得分等级大学生年龄、性别、年级和生源地差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。非条件logistic回归分析显示,营养KAP得分在性别和年级间

  14. Food Recall Attitudes and Behaviors of School Nutrition Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grisamore, Amber; Roberts, Kevin R.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore school nutrition directors' attitudes and behaviors about food recalls. Specific objectives included: 1) Determine current food recall attitudes and the relationship between demographics and these attitudes; 2) Determine current practices of school nutrition directors related to…

  15. Analysing lawyers’ attitude towards knowledge sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wole M. Olatokun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The study examined and identified the factors that affect lawyers’ attitudes to knowledge sharing, and their knowledge sharing behaviour. Specifically, it investigated the relationship between the salient beliefs affecting the knowledge sharing attitude of lawyers’, and applied a modified version of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA in the knowledge sharing context, to predict how these factors affect their knowledge sharing behaviour.Method: A field survey of 273 lawyers was carried out, using questionnaire for data collection. Collected data on all variables were structured into grouped frequency distributions. Principal Component Factor Analysis was applied to reduce the constructs and Simple Regression was applied to test the hypotheses. These were tested at 0.05% level of significance.Results: Results showed that expected associations and contributions were the major determinants of lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. Expected reward was not significantly related to lawyers’ attitudes towards knowledge sharing. A positive attitude towards knowledge sharing was found to lead to a positive intention to share knowledge, although a positive intention to share knowledge did not significantly predict a positive knowledge sharing behaviour. The level of Information Technology (IT usage was also found to significantly affect the knowledge sharing behaviour of lawyers’.Conclusion: It was recommended that law firms in the study area should deploy more IT infrastructure and services that encourage effective knowledge sharing amongst lawyers. 

  16. New Zealand Medical Students Have Positive Attitudes and Moderate Confidence in Providing Nutrition Care: A Cross-Sectional Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Crowley; Lauren Ball; Dug Yeo Han; Bruce Arroll; Michael Leveritt; Clare Wall

    2015-01-01

    Throughout the world, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and subsequently lack of knowledge, attitude, and skills to include nutrition in patient care. This study described New Zealand’s students’ attitudes to and self-perceived skills in providing nutrition care in practice as well as perceived quantity and quality of nutrition education received in training. 183 medical students from New Zealand’s largest medical school (response rate 52%) completed a 65-item...

  17. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions on infant and young child nutrition and feeding among adolescent girls and young mothers in rural Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackett, Kristy M; Mukta, Umme S; Jalal, Chowdhury S B; Sellen, Daniel W

    2015-04-01

    Improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have the potential to improve child health and development outcomes in poorly resourced communities. In Bangladesh, approximately 60% of rural girls become mothers before the age of 18, but most interventions to improve IYCF practices target older mothers. We investigated the knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding IYCF among adolescent girls and young women aged 15-23 years old in two rural regions in north-west Bangladesh and identified the main points of concordance with, or mismatch to, key international IYCF recommendations. We compared qualitative data collected during interviews and focus groups with participants who were unmarried, married without a child and married with at least one child, and stratified by region. Qualitative indicators of concordance with international recommendations suggest that IYCF knowledge of participants was limited, irrespective of marriage or maternity. Young mothers in our study were no more knowledgeable about feeding practices than their nulliparous peers. Some participants were well aware of an IYCF recommendation (e.g. to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months), but their interpretation of the recommendation deviated from the intended public health message. Notions of insufficient or 'spoiled' breast milk, gender-based biases in feeding intentions and understandings of infant needs, and generational shifts in feeding practices were commonly reported. Conclusions are that female adolescence is a window of opportunity for improving health outcomes among future children, and increased investment in early education of adolescent girls regarding safe IYCF may be an effective strategy to promote and support improved infant feeding practices.

  18. A study on nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior of elementary school children in Seoul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Eun-Suil; Shin, Na-Ri; Jung, Eun-Im; Park, Hae-Ryun; Lee, Hong-Mie

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the nutrition and diet related knowledge, attitude, and behavior of elementary school children in Seoul. The subjects included were 439 (male 236, female 203) elementary school children in the 4th to the 6th grades. The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 12.0 program. The average obesity index (OI) was 104.98 and 99.82 for male and female subjects, respectively. The average percentage of underweight, normal, overweight and obese of subjects was 33.7%, 32.8%, 12.3%, and 19.4%, respectively. The percentage of the underweight group of female subjects was higher than that of the male subjects. The percentage of the obese group of male subjects was higher than that of the female subjects. The average score of nutrition knowledge, nutrition attitude and dietary behavior was 6.8, 7.44, and 7.34, respectively. Dietary behavior of male subjects was positively correlated with parents' education levels, monthly household income and nutrition attitude. Dietary behavior of female subjects was positively correlated with monthly household income, nutrition knowledge and nutrition attitude. Dietary behavior of female subjects was positively correlated with obesity index (OI). Proper nutrition education and intervention are required for the improvement of elementary school children's nutrition knowledge, nutrition attitudes and dietary behaviors. PMID:20016735

  19. The self-perceived knowledge, skills and attitudes of Australian practice nurses in providing nutrition care to patients with chronic disease

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martin, Louise; Leveritt, Michael D; Desbrow, Ben; Ball, Lauren E

    2014-01-01

    Nutrition is important for the management of chronic diseases. While practice nurses have numerous roles in primary care, the expectations on practice nurses to provide nutrition care for chronic disease management are increasing...

  20. 肇庆学院学生营养知识与态度情况的调查分析%Analysis of Nutrition Knowledge and Attitudes of College Students in Zhaoqing University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利平

    2012-01-01

    Randomly selected 902 students were investigated for their nutrition knowledge and attitude through a questionnaire survey. Results of the survey are as follows: comparing the nutrition knowledge scores between boys and girls, the difference of the two is statistically significant(P〈0.01). From the distribution of the subject, students from the physical training, art and music branches scored the highest, followed by the liberal arts students, science and engineering students scored the lowest,The scoring difference is statistically significant for students from different disciplines. 87.14% of students thought that nutrition knowledge is ben- eficial to health, and 65.96% of students thought that rational diet is beneficial for improving their academic achievement. Thus it can be concluded that college students lack a comprehensive understanding of nutrition knowledge, and their education of such knowledge should be strengthened so as to improve the current situa- tion.%随机抽取肇庆学院在校大学生902人进行营养知识和态度的问卷调查.调查结果如下:男生营养知识的得分与女生相比,二者的差异具有统计学意义(P〈0.01);从学科分布看,术科学生得分最高,其次为文科学生,理工科学生得分最低,不同学科学生的得分差异具有统计学意义87.14%的大学生认为了解营养知识对健康有助益。65.96%的大学生认为合理膳食对提高学习成绩有帮助.结果表明,大学生对营养知识缺乏全面深入的了解,应对他们加强相关知识的教育,力求改善现状.

  1. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Hypertension among Antihypertensive Medication Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakti Shrestha

    2016-12-01

    Conclusions: The current knowledge, attitude and practice among hypertensive patients using antihypertensive medication can be improved. Keywords: attitude; hypertension; knowledge; practice. | PubMed

  2. Current knowledge about sports nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramuková B

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The scientific literature contains an abundance of informationon the nutritional demands of athletes. However, designingthe most suitable sports diet is very difficult.The principal aim of this article is to summarize knowledgeabout sports nutrition, especially the intake of macronutrientsand dietary supplements.

  3. Nutrition education effects on snack knowledge attitude behavior of pupils in Pudong New Area%浦东新区小学生零食知信行营养教育效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晶泉; 陈素珍; 柏品清; 张洁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the nutrition education effects on pupils in elementary school in Pudong New Area, and to provide scientific evidence for snack behavior promotion. Methods Two elementary schools were selected from every communities of Pudong New Area and were divided into intervention group and control group. The nutrition education was given to intervention group for two months. Results About 7 276 pupils were surveyed before and after nutrition education. After nutrition education, the nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of pupils from intervention group in both urban and suburban area increased and were better than control group. The percentage of pupils from intervention group eating fresh vegetables and fruits and nuts were still leas than 9% , while the percentage of pupils drinking sugary drinks and eating pastries were more than 10% . The percentage of pupils of intervention group drinking fresh vegetables and fruits drinks were less than 20% , while the percentage of pupils drinking sodas were higher than 20%. Conclusion Nutrition intervention could increase nutrition knowledge and attitude, enhance nutrition behavior to a certain extent among pupils.%目的 评价营养教育对浦东新区小学生零食知信行的影响效果,为改善小学生零食行为提供依据.方法 在浦东新区每街镇抽取2所小学,分别分为干预组和对照组,对干预组开展为期3个月的营养教育,并对干预效果进行评估.结果 共调查小学生7276名,营养教育后,城乡地区干预组营养知识知晓率及态度提高差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05);干预组零食行为较干预前提高,且整体优于对照组,但城区干预组常吃新鲜蔬果或坚果的比例不到9%;常吃含糖饮料及糕点的比例仍高于10%;在饮料行为方面,城乡干预组常喝果蔬饮料的比例不到20%,而常喝碳酸饮料的比例超过20%.结论 营养教育能提高小学生对零食的认知及态度,对

  4. Healthcare providers' knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ... Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Malaysia. ... undertaken to analyze the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of Malaysian healthcare providers regarding breast cancer, ...

  5. The Knowledge and Attitude towards Childhood Immunization ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Knowledge and Attitude towards Childhood Immunization amongst Mothers ... There were significant (P<0.05) relationships between age of respondents; ... A better understanding of routine immunization schedule is important in the ...

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Primary School Teachers' Knowledge, Attitude ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    This study endeavored to investigate primary school teachers' knowledge, attitudes, and ... Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia. .... educational psychologists working in Bahir ... have been made to explain the purpose of ...

  7. Knowledge, Perception and Attitude of Community Pharmacists ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was aimed to investigate the knowledge, perception and attitude of community pharmacists ... Methods: A qualitative methodology was adopted. Snowball sampling technique was used to identify eight community pharmacists.

  8. Healthcare workers' knowledge, attitudes, practices on post ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Healthcare workers' knowledge, attitudes, practices on post exposure ... in the same proportions leading to increased risk of exposure to and transmission of HIV through ... This hospital based study of 316 health care workers (HCW) in Dar Es ...

  9. knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptives ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    BACKGROUND: Unwanted pregnancy followed by unsafe abortion is one of the major ... contraceptives among Adama University female students. Hence behavioral change strategies should be considered ... KEYWORDS: emergency contraceptives, knowledge, attitude, practice, Ethiopia .... Younger than 10 years. 7. 3.6.

  10. INVESTIGATION ON NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE,ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PREGNANT WOMEN AND LACTATING MOTHERS IN HANYUAN COUNTY%汉源县孕妇及乳母营养知识、态度及行为的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宇倩; 张小雪; 李栋; 张静靖; 李虎; 折磊磊; 秦爽

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解汉源县孕妇及乳母营养知识、态度、行为等营养健康相关情况,为进一步开展孕妇及乳母营养教育工作提供科学依据.[方法]采用自制问卷及面谈法对汉源地区4个乡镇,共234名的孕妇及乳母进行随机KAP问卷现场调查.[结果]汉源地区孕妇及乳母营养知识、态度、行为平均得分为(34.41±11.53)分,营养知识、态度及行为及格率分别为27.35%、96.15%、61.54%.孕妇及乳母缺乏足够的营养知识,营养态度较好,营养行为有侍改进.K、A、P之间的存在明显相关性,相关系数分别为0.294、0.230、0.301;孕妇及孔母KAP水平受地区及胎次的影响.[结论]汉源县孕妇及乳母营养知识和行为存在较多问题,有待改善,初级卫生保健机构应加强孕妇及乳母营养知识的宣教,采取有效措施促进孕妇及乳母健康,为灾后重建工作的长远进行打下坚实基础.%[Objective] To investigate the nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice state of pregnant women and lac-tating mothers in Hanyuan county, in order to provide scientific evidence of further nutritional education for pregnant women and lactating mothers. [Methods] KAP survey was carried out among 234 pregnant women and lactating mothers from 4 villages and towns, the lace-to-face interview was conducted by self-made questionnaire. [Results] The average score of the KAP questionnaire was (34.41 ±11.53) , pass rate of knowledge, attitude and practice was 27.35%, 96.15% and 61.54% respectively. Most pregnant women and lactating mothers were lacking of nutrition knowledge, with good attitude and poor practice. The values of K, A and P had obvious correlation, the coefficients of correlation were 0.294, 0.230 and 0.301; the level of KAP of pregnant women and lactating mothers was affected by regions and birth parity. [Conclusion] There are still many flawB in knowledge and practice of pregnant women and lactating mothers in Hanyuan county

  11. 某初中学生营养知识行为及态度调查%The investigation about nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior of the junior middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾红佳

    2016-01-01

    Objective Come to understand the nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of the junior middle school students.Methods The students from the grade one to three in the junior school sampled by stratified cluster ran-dom sampling method were investigated for descriptive analysis.Results The results showed that a junior high school students knowing about the awareness of essential nutrients,vitamin C,protein,calcium,iodine,iron,energy, fat,dietary fiber is a good food source rates were 30.39%, 86.93%, 82.35%, 67.97%, 65.03%, 46.08%, 80.07%,46.41%,49.35%separately.The students eating breakfast,milk,egg,fruit and vegetables 6~7 times per week were only 69.28%,15.69%,14.05%,61.76% and 31.37%.89.22% students believed that the nutrition knowledge have an impact on health,students willing to learn the knowledge of nutrition was 86.27%,correctting bad eating habits was 85 .29%.Conclusion It is not optimistic about the nutrition knowledge among middle school students,eating behavior is not scientific,but the attitude of learning nutritional knowledge is proactive.%目的:了解某初中学生的营养知识行为及态度现状。方法采用分层整群随机抽样方法抽取某初中一到三年级学生问卷调查,进行描述性分析。结果初中学生对必需营养素种类维生素C 优质蛋白质钙碘能量脂肪铁膳食纤维良好的食物来源的知晓率分别为30.39%86.93%82.35%67.97%65.03%46.08%80.07%46.41%和49.35%。每周食用早餐牛奶鸡蛋蔬菜和水果6~7次的学生分别仅占69.28%15.69%14.05%61.76%和31.37%。89.22%的学生认为营养知识对健康有影响,愿意学习营养知识的学生占86.27%,愿意纠正不良饮食习惯的学生有85.29%。结论该初中学生营养知识知晓情况不容乐观,饮食行为不科学,但学习营养相关知识的态度积极。

  12. Three consecutive (1993, 1995, 1997) surveys of food intake, nutritional attitudes and knowledge, and lifestyle in 1000 French children, aged 9-11 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellisle, F; Rolland-Cachera, M-F

    2007-06-01

    the lifestyle of children in developed societies is susceptible to rapid changes and these may affect the nutritional status of children. Reduced physical activity and changes in diet have been proposed as contributing factors to the growth in childhood overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to assess trends in the food-related behaviour and markers of activity/inactivity in French 9-11 year old children. Three successive surveys (1993, 1995, 1997) were carried out in samples of 1,000 French children, aged 9-11 years. Socio-demographic, anthropometric and food-related parameters were obtained for each child, using standardized questionnaire administered by trained interviewers. previous-day reports of food intake by the child revealed a strong persistence of the traditional French meal structure. Breakfast was eaten by 97% of children. Over the three surveys, an increasing percentage of reported breakfasts contained at least one dairy food, one cereal food, and one fruit or juice (from 11% to 17%). Almost all children had lunch, which occurred at the school cafeteria for one-third of the subjects. The afternoon snack, a traditional meal for French children, was consumed by 86-88% of the samples. Almost all children had dinner (99%), most often at home and in the company of all family members (73-87%). Lunches and dinners were composed of several courses presented in succession, as is usual in France. The foods most preferred by the children were often rich in sugar and/or fat (fried potatoes, ice cream, nut spread, chocolate, cake, etc). The children could list 'healthy foods'competently. They also demonstrated knowledge of terms used in nutrition (e.g. calories, fats) and were aware of possible links between intake of certain substances and disease. In families of higher socio-economic strata (income, education of parents) more time was devoted to sports by the children. Over the three surveys, linear trends indicated more exercise time per week and

  13. Weight-Related Attitudes and Experiences of Nutrition Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learners will describe the attitudes and experiences of nutrition professionals regarding professional responsibility to model an appropriate weight status and the role of personal weight-related issues in nutrition counseling interactions. The purpose of this study was to describe the attitudes an...

  14. Reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance and food behaviours, attitudes, knowledge and environments associated with healthy eating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magarey Anthea M

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Food behaviours, attitudes, environments and knowledge are relevant to professionals in childhood obesity prevention, as are dietary patterns which promote positive energy balance. There is a lack of valid and reliable tools to measure these parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire assessing all of these parameters, used in the evaluation of a community-based childhood obesity prevention project. Methods The development of the 14-item questionnaire was informed by the aims of the obesity prevention project. A sub-sample of children aged 10–12 years from primary schools involved in the intervention was recruited at the project's baseline data collection (Test 1. Questionnaires were readministered (Test 2 following which students completed a 7-day food diary designed to reflect the questionnaire. Twelve scores were derived to assess consumption of fruit, vegetables, water, noncore foods and sweetened beverages plus food knowledge, behaviours, attitudes and environments. Reliability was assessed using (a the intra class correlation coefficient (ICC and 95% confidence intervals to compare scores from Tests 1 and 2 (test-retest reliability and (b Cronbach's alpha (internal consistency. Validity was assessed with Spearman correlations, bias and limits of agreement between scores from Test 1 and the 7-day diaries. The Wilcoxon signed rank test checked for significant differences between mean scores. Results One hundred and forty one students consented to the study. Test 2 (n = 134 occurred between eight and 36 days after Test 1. For 10/12 scores ICCs ranged from 0.47–0.66 (p 0.05 for 10/12 (test-retest reliability and 3/7 (validity scores. Conclusion This child nutrition questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance, and food behaviours, attitudes and environments in

  15. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Dental Professionals in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Without knowledge and positive attitude of dental practitioners towards teledentistry, it will not ... and have positive attitude towards teledentistry. .... scale for knowledge and attitude. ..... The author declares that there is no conflict of interest in.

  16. Attitudes towards and Knowledge of AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Andrew; Hiday, Virginia Aldige'

    Most research on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has been medical and most social science research on AIDS has been concerned with social factors in its spread and with social-psychological effects of contracting AIDS. This study was conducted to examine public attitudes toward, and public knowledge about AIDS. Knowledge about AIDS was…

  17. Nutrition and Schools Knowledge Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laitsch, Daniel A.

    2009-01-01

    This review examined 117 research articles using a policy framework generated in previous research. Findings include: students are experiencing both food insecurity and an "epidemic of obesity"; policymakers remain focused on achievement; provinces address nutrition in isolation; poverty is a significant contributor; restriction of food…

  18. Knowledge, attitude and practice of nutrition and dietary pattern among university students in Luoyang%洛阳市大学生营养知识态度行为与膳食结构调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕姝焱; 张红珍; 赵毅飞; 葛文静; 白国岭; 马姗姗; 黄高雅

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解洛阳市大学生营养知识、态度、行为与膳食结构状况,为开展大学生营养宣传教育提供科学依据.方法 分层整群抽取洛阳市3所大学965名学生,运用健康教育KAP模型问卷调查大学生营养知识、态度、行为及营养意愿,计算各自得分.同时用简化膳食频率问卷结合称重法调查大学生膳食结构.结果 医学食品科学类、理工类、师范类专业学生的营养知识平均得分分别为(18.32±3.06),(13.21 ±3.0),(15.02 ±3.44)分,膳食态度平均得分分别为(18.25±2.54),(9.58±2.65),(16.36±2.65)分,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05);膳食行为平均得分分别为(9.47±2.54),(8.25 ±2.65),(8.47±2.65)分,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).不同专业学生对营养知识的兴趣、营养重要性认识和是否愿意改变不良饮食习惯方面差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).大学生膳食结构除粮谷类和蛋类外,其余类别的食物摄入量均低于膳食宝塔的要求;男生水果和奶类摄入量低于女生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).结论 应对大学生加强营养健康教育,形成科学的膳食认知和结构.%Objective To investigate knowledge, attitude and practice about nutrition and dietary patterns among university students in Luoyang, so as to provide evidence for implementing nutrition and health education. Methods A total of 965 students of three universities in Luoyang were chosen as study objects, by the method of random stratified sampling and cluster sampling. Their knowledge, attitudes and practices about nutrition was investigated by KAP model questionnaire. Some desire survey of nutrition were added to the questionnaire, including interest to nutrition, importance of dietary and aspirations of changing bad diet habits, meanwhile, investigating dietary patterns by the simple food-frequency questionnaire ( FFQ25) weighing method. Results The average scores of knowledge in medicine

  19. Nutritional knowledge and dietary habits survey in high school population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milosavljević, Dragana; Mandić, Milena L; Banjari, Ines

    2015-03-01

    During adolescence, young people are in a sensitive transition period when they gradually take over the responsibility for their own eating habits, health attitudes and behaviours and create lifelong habits so it is essential that they adopt healthy habits according to dietary recommendations. Knowledge is one of the factors necessary for the changes in dietary habits. The'objective of this study was to gain insight in nutritional knowledge and dietary habits of adolescents. The sample included 117 adolescents aged 17-19 years. Self-administered, anonymous questionnaire, representing modified version of General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire was used to assess general characteristics, nutritional knowledge about nutrients, dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, diet-disease relationship, and dietary habits. Less than one third of adolescents showed satisfactory knowledge, but boys, adolescents from rural environment and overweight adolescents showed significantly lower knowledge unlike others. Meal skipping was present habit, especially for breakfast consumption. Especially high consumption of meat and meat products was noted for boys, while fruit and vegetables for girls. Fad dieting was quite practiced habit, especially in girls and overweight adolescents. Among girls, high consumption of sweets was confirmed, while boys showed high consumption of soft drinks. Television presents the main source of infor- mation about nutrition for adolescents. Collected data shows similarity with other research in Europe and North America that confirm strong influence of globalization and fast spread of unhealthy habits. The results pointed out weak spots in nutritional knowledge and revealed unhealthy eating habits. This information is necessary for the development of new approaches to modulate their knowledge and consequently act on their behaviour. Behavioral changes would include higher number of meals per day, regular breakfast consumption, higher intake of fish

  20. 营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的影响%Effects of Nutrition Propaganda and Education on Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Town Primary Students in Nanchang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的现状,评价营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度和营养行为的影响.方法 采取整群抽样法,同时对290名南昌市城镇小学生采用自行设计的问卷调查表进行问卷调查,并进行营养宣教.比较营养宣教前后小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为情况.结果 南昌市城镇小学生营养宣教后营养知识评分值、总评分值均显著高于营养宣教前,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.01);营养宣教后营养行为评分值显著高于营养宣教前,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后在非常关心健康、营养好坏对学习和健康有影响、对营养知识感兴趣、愿意放弃自己爱吃而不利于健康的食物、愿意吃不喜欢的健康食品、喜欢参加体育活动等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后在每周吃5~6次早餐、每天吃早餐等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后每天喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养宣教后经常喝(3次及以上)牛奶、有时喝(3次以下)牛奶所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);营养宣教后从不喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前下降,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后每天进食蔬菜5种以上所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).结论 营养宣教能提高小学生的营养知识,改善其态度及行为,应在南昌市城镇小学中广泛开展.%Objective To understand the current situation of nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of town primary students in Nanchang city,and to evaluate the effects of nutrition propaganda and education on nutrition knowledge, attitude and

  1. 中晚期孕妇营养知识、态度、行为(KAP)调查%Investigation of Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in the middle and late period of Pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淼; 樊亚婕; 楚楚; 李古亚男; 许永杰; 王玲

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解郑州市中晚期孕妇营养知识(K)、态度(A)、行为(P)的情况及其可能的影响因素,为指导孕妇合理膳食提供理论依据。方法采用问卷对郑州市某医院2012年9月~11月进行产前保健的156名中晚期孕妇进行一般情况及营养KAP调查。结果所调查的孕妇的营养KAP总体水平较好,但存在一些认知及行为上的问题;营养态度普遍较好;孕妇营养KAP水平受学历、职业的影响;营养KAP评分之间有明显的正相关性。结论所调查的郑州市孕妇的营养知识有待提高,饮食行为有待改善。可以充分利用孕妇积极的营养态度,以大众媒体作为主要宣传途径广泛开展孕期营养知识宣教。%Objective To investigate the status of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP)in the middle and late period of Pregnancy in Zhengzhou. Methods Total of 156 pregnant women attending the routine pregnancy check in one university affiliated hospital was randomly selected and investigated from Sept. to Nov. in 2012 in Zhengzhou. Self designed questionnaire regarding the nutrition KAP was applied in the survey. Results The overall nutritional KAP sta-tus was fair, while some inappropriate nutritional behavior and cognitive were found in the investigated women. The edu-cation level and job type were the major impact factors on their KAP level. Conclusions Nutritional education should be strengthened and improved in the pregnant women who are at the stage of 2nd and 3rd trimesters of gestation period. Multiple public medium might be the better way to conduct the education procedure.

  2. Librarians' Attitudes toward Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop an understanding of the factors that support or constrain the individual's sharing knowledge in the organization. The current study seeks to explore whether personality (self-efficacy and self-esteem) and situational (cognitive appraisal: threat versus challenge) characteristics influence participants'…

  3. Librarians' Attitudes toward Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop an understanding of the factors that support or constrain the individual's sharing knowledge in the organization. The current study seeks to explore whether personality (self-efficacy and self-esteem) and situational (cognitive appraisal: threat versus challenge) characteristics influence participants'…

  4. Status of knowledge,attitude and practice about food nutrition labeling among medical students%医学生食品营养标签知识、态度及行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐上知; 王海霞; 郭淑霞; 刘玉; 张鹭; 李述刚; 牛强; 郑荣华; 冯刚玲; 丁玉松; 木拉提

    2015-01-01

    目的:对石河子大学医学院大学生食品营养标签知识、态度及行为情况进行调查,为医学生食品营养标签健康教育提供依据。方法随机抽取医学院1989名大学生进行食品营养标签知识、态度及行为问卷调查。结果医学生食品营养标签知识平均得分为(4.83±1.79)分,不同专业知识得分不全相同,其中预防专业学生得分最高[(5.93±1.91)分],影像专业学生得分最低[(4.51±1.41)分],差异有统计学意义(χ2=80.826,P =0.000);各年级知识得分不全相同,总体来说年级越高得分越高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=52.978, P =0.000);女生得分[(4.87±1.72)分]高于男生[(4.79±1.88)分],差异有统计学意义(Z =-0.831,P=0.001)。书籍、报纸或杂志是大学生获得食品营养标签知识的主要途径。80.1%(1593/1989)的学生认为有必要在食品包装上标注营养标签,19.5%(117/600)的学生对食品营养标签的内容与形式比较满意,30.2%(600/1989)的学生经常阅读食品营养标签。结论医学生食品营养标签知识得分不高,需要加强宣教和引导,普及营养知识,提高大学生对营养标签的认知和科学使用。%Objective To investigate the knowledge,attitude and practice (KAP)about food nutrition labeling, and to provide reference for food nutrition labeling education.Methods A total of 1989 students were randomly selected from medical college and surveyed with a questionnaire.Results The average score for food nutrition labeling was (4.83 ± 1.79)among the students.The average score was not completely same among different specialties,the score of prevent spe-cialty students (5.93 ±1.91)were highest and image specialty students (4.51 ±1.41 ) were lowest,with a significant difference (χ2 =80.826,P =0.000).In general,the average score was not completely same among different grades,the higher

  5. A comparison of the nutritional knowledge of dental, dietetic and nutrition students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, K; Hunter, M L; Fairchild, R M; Morgan, M Z

    2011-01-08

    Conflicts in dietary messages remain widespread. Such conflicts can have negative effects on the behaviour, motivation and attitudes of individuals. Inconsistencies in dietary advice may be linked to inadequate training of professionals. Literature suggests that the nutrition training of dentists and oral health training of dietitians and nutritionists is limited. This study was designed to provide information on the nutritional knowledge of dental, dietetic and nutrition students and how this conforms to national nutritional guidelines, identifying differences between professional groups and conflicts in undergraduate training. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 124 dental, dietetic and nutrition students at Cardiff University and the University of Wales Institute, Cardiff (UWIC). Significant inter-group differences (p students were mainly concerned with oral health problems (for example, acid erosion), while dietetic and nutrition students were mainly concerned with general health problems (for example, obesity). Just over a third of dental students felt that they had received sufficient training in the dietary management of patients. In conclusion, a common risk-factor approach and consistent nutrition guidelines are essential to improve health. In addition, recommendations should be made to incorporate oral health into the training of nutritionists and general health into the training of dentists.

  6. Nutritional knowledges, attitudes and practices in HIV patients who were receiving pharmacological treatment CONOCIMIENTOS, ACTITUDES Y PRÁCTICAS ALIMENTARIAS EN PACIENTES DIAGNOSTICADOS CON VIH EN TRATAMIENTO FARMACOLÓGICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon Jairo Bejarano-Roncancio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. Research related to nutritional habits during the asymptomatic phase of HIV has not been well documented or is very scarce; this would include understanding the importance of nutritional status regarding disease progression and that suitable nutritional status may slow transition to symptomatic stages or AIDS stage. No studies have yet been carried out in Colombia describing nutritional habits in HIV-positive patients who have been receiving pharmacological treatment; no records have thus been kept and no advances have been made regarding this topic. Objective. Describing nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practice in asymptomatic patients diagnosed as suffering from clinical phase HIV infection receiving pharmacological treatment. Materials and methods. A descriptive exploratory study was carried out using a care and prevention (CAP-based approach; the survey was voluntarily filled out by 108 patients who were attending outpatient consultation in two private institutions in Bogotá. Results. Three components were analysed in the 108 surveys. Knowledge. 58.7% of the patients referred to having received information about what their diet should have been like; 32.3% had their diet supplied by a nutritionist. Fibre was the main component taken into account when choosing food (65% and protein was considered to be the most beneficial nutrient (52%. Attitude: 61.8% of the patients stated that their diagnosis hampered selecting and buying food due to a lack of information. Appetite had not undergone changes in 49.5% of the participants following reflecting on their diagnosis. Practice. 75% of the patients recognised the importance of consuming nutritional supplements and complements; however, only 35.7% of them took them. When buying industrialised/processed food, 66.4% of the patients verified the products' expiry date and/or nutritional data on the label. Conclusions. The food customarily consumed by the patients was that forming part

  7. Survey and analysis of the knowledge-attitude-practice on nutrition among the clinical medical personnel in a certain hospital%某院临床医务人员营养知识-态度-行为的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱萍萍; 陶月娇; 张优琴

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the present status and correlation of the knowledge-attitude-practice ( KAP) on nutrition among the clinical medical personnel, and also to analyze the features and influential factors of the knowledge-attitude-practice ( KAP) on nutrition, so as to provide theoretical evidence for the continuing education on nutrition.Methods An investigation on the current status of KAP on nutrition was made among the 199 clinical medical personnel of the hospital by using questionnaire, and statistical treatment was made by using frequency description, correlation analysis and descriptive analysis.Results There was a positive correla-tion between nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (r=0.334, 0.410, 0.480) (P<0.05).The KAP pass rates were respec-tively 62.4%, 92%and 79.4%.The knowledge of nutrition was greatly influenced by profession, academic credentials, professional titles, years of service, professional posts and educational background (P<0.01).Nutritional practice was correlated with professional posts, academic credentials, professional titles and different professional departments (P<0.05).Nutrition attitude was not affected by the 6 factors in the questionnaire survey (P<0.05).Conclusion The nutrition attitude of the medical personnel was on the whole pos-itive, but their nutrition practice should be standardized.They were still lacking in nutritional knowledge, clinical nutrition in particu-lar.For this reason, efforts should be made to implement a continuing nutrition education program among the medical personnel of the hospital, so as to improve quality control of clinical nutrition management.%目的:了解某院医务人员营养知识-态度-行为( knowledge,attitude and practice,KAP)现状及其相互关系,分析营养KAP的特点以及影响因素,为实施相关继续教育提供依据。方法采用问卷调查方法,对某院199名临床医务人员进行营养KAP现况调查,并采用频度描述、相关

  8. The Influence of Nutrition Education on the Food Consumption and Nutrition Attitude of Schoolchildren in Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

    2012-01-01

    In Slovenia, nutrition education is included in the compulsory education curriculum of the nine-year elementary school. The aim of nutrition education is for schoolchildren to acquire knowledge on nutrition to help them form healthy nutritional habits. This research aims at establishing whether the formal nutrition education carried out at schools…

  9. University students' knowledge and attitudes towards leprosy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graciano-Machuca, Omar; Velarde-de la Cruz, Erandi Enif; Ramirez-Dueñas, Maria Guadalupe; Alvarado-Navarro, Anabell

    2013-09-16

    Patients with leprosy may be affected psychologically and socially by the negative attitude of society toward leprosy, caused by widespread ignorance and prevailing stereotypes surrounding the disease. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and attitudes toward leprosy among students at the University of Guadalajara. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 1,300 students over 18 years of age from various Thematic University Centres in Guadalajara. Students' degree subjects included the health sciences, humanities, exact sciences (i.e., chemistry, physics), arts, biological-agricultural sciences, and administration. Students were randomly selected regardless of gender and all students were enrolled in either the first, second, or third year of their undergraduate studies. Overall, students showed an intermediate level of knowledge of leprosy. Results showed that 67% correctly responded that leprosy is an infectious disease, 64% knew of the presence of skin lesions, and 60% knew that a microbe causes the disease. Furthermore, 45% correctly responded that leprosy is a disease associated with poverty and 40% responded that leprosy is disabling. Only 31% stated that leprosy is curable. Negative attitudes were evident regarding the question of employing a leprosy patient (57%) and having a leprosy patient as a spouse or partner (30%). The results revealed that there is insufficient knowledge of and poor attitudes toward leprosy among students at the University of Guadalajara. It is necessary to improve current health education measures by using updated educational strategies to reduce the stigma of leprosy and the segregation of leprosy patients and their families.

  10. Intervention effects on nutrition knowledge attitude behavior among employees of an enterprise in Pudong New Area of Shanghai City%上海市浦东新区某企业员工营养知信行的干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈隽; 郑晶泉; 顾梅蓉; 沈丽娜

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the intervention effects on nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior ( KAP) among employees of a shipbuilding enterprise in Pudong New Area of Shanghai City, and provide evidence for nutritional intervention on employees. [Methods]Totally 843 employees from 2 working groups eating in different canteens were selected and divided into intervention group and control group randomly. Nutrition interventions were conducted on intervention group. After 6 month, intervention effects were evaluated by nutrition surveys. [ Results] After nutrition intervention, nutritional KAP of intervention group was significantly improved and was significantly better than control group on most indicators. [ Conclusion] Nutrition intervention can improve employees ' nutrition knowledge, reinforce their positive attitudes and optimize nutrition practice.%目的 了解对浦东新区某造船企业员工营养知识、态度、行为干预效果,为对企业员工进一步开展营养干预提供依据.方法 根据进餐食堂不同,抽取2个工作组共843人,随机分为干预组和对照组,对干预组开展为期6个月的营养干预,通过干预前后营养问卷调查对干预效果进行评价.结果 营养干预后,干预组营养知识、态度、行为较干预前及与对照组的比较,多数指标改善,且差异有统计学意义.结论 通过营养干预的开展,提高了企业员工营养知识水平,强化了积极的营养态度,改善了营养行为.

  11. Knowledge, attitudes, and self care practices associated with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge, attitudes, and self care practices associated with glaucoma among hospital ... Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the level of correct knowledge about glaucoma and attitudes .... Materials and Methods. Study area ...

  12. Exploring global consumer attitudes toward nutrition information on food labels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wills, Josephine M; Schmidt, David B; Pillo-Blocka, Francy; Cairns, Georgina

    2009-05-01

    In many parts of the world, food companies, consumers, and governments are re-examining the provision of nutrition information on food labels. It is important that the nutrition information provided be appropriate and understandable to the consumer and that it impact food-choice behaviors. Potentially, food labeling represents a valuable tool to help consumers make informed decisions about their diet and lifestyle. Food information organizations worldwide have been following consumer trends in the use of this information as well as consumer attitudes about food, nutrition, and health. This paper summarizes a workshop that examined consumer attitudes gathered regionally with the aim of establishing commonalities and differences.

  13. Nutrition Knowledge of Nurses in Long-Term Care Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crogan, Neva L.; Shultz, Jill A.; Massey, Linda K.

    2001-01-01

    The average score of 44 nursing-home nurses on a nutrition knowledge questionnaire was 65%. Scores of registered nurses and licensed practical nurses were significantly different. Nutritional assessment activity correlated with nutritional knowledge. The need for further training regarding nutritional concerns of nursing-home residents was…

  14. [Beliefs, attitudes and knowledge about sex education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, L; Bustos, L; González, L; Palma, D; Villagrán, J; Muñoz, S

    2000-06-01

    Previous reports show that Chilean teenagers have an inadequate knowledge about sexuality and reproduction. To compare the knowledge about sexuality among adolescents coming from private and public schools, with and without sexual education programs. A structured anonymous inquiry, containing multiple choice and open questions, was applied to a sample of 229 adolescents attending seventh and eighth grade of junior school, in private and public schools of Temuco, Chile. Eleven percent of adolescents had already their first sexual intercourse at a mean age of 12.2 +/- 2.4 years old. Of these, 96% came from public schools. An overall analysis of tests, disclosed a 53% of correct answers to the inquiry. Adolescents coming from private schools had a better performance than those coming from public schools. Sexual attitudes were not influenced by sexual education programs. Adolescents coming from private schools have a better sexual knowledge level and more conservative attitudes towards sexuality. Overall knowledge is inadequate albeit overvalued. These teenagers are high risk group for unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases and require efficient sexual education programs.

  15. Exploring Nutrition Literacy and Knowledge among a National Sample of School Nutrition Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoellner, Jamie; Carr, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this national study was to describe nutrition literacy levels and nutrition knowledge among school nutrition (SN) managers, and explore if barriers to seeking SN information, perceived role in school wellness, and confidence in SN decision making varied by nutrition literacy and knowledge scores. Methods: An…

  16. Exploring Nutrition Literacy and Knowledge among a National Sample of School Nutrition Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoellner, Jamie; Carr, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this national study was to describe nutrition literacy levels and nutrition knowledge among school nutrition (SN) managers, and explore if barriers to seeking SN information, perceived role in school wellness, and confidence in SN decision making varied by nutrition literacy and knowledge scores. Methods: An…

  17. Knowledge of nutritional concepts among 6th grade students

    OpenAIRE

    Finc, Irena

    2015-01-01

    A proper understanding of nutritional concepts that are used in primary nutritional education is important in assessing the quality of nutritional knowledge in primary school. It is crucial that nutritional concepts used in different educational stages of primary education are adjusted to specific stage of student´s cognitive development. Purpose of my thesis is to identify how students understand nutritional concepts. Nutritional education has namely a positive impact on children's nutri...

  18. Assessment of nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the Female Athlete Triad syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petroczi Andrea

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The study aimed to i assess nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the Female Athlete Triad (FAT syndrome and to compare with controls; and ii to compare nutritional knowledge of those who were classified as being 'at risk' for developing FAT syndrome and those who are 'not at risk'. Methods In this study, participants completed General Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ, the Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26 and survey measures of training/physical activity, menstrual and skeletal injury history. The sample consisted of 48 regional endurance athletes, 11 trampoline gymnasts and 32 untrained controls. Based on proxy measures for the FAT components, participants were classified being 'at risk' or 'not at risk' and nutrition knowledge scores were compared for the two groups. Formal education related to nutrition was considered. Results A considerably higher percentage of athletes were classified 'at risk' of menstrual dysfunction than controls (28.8% and 9.4%, respectively and a higher percentage scored at or above the cutoff value of 20 on the EAT-26 test among athletes than controls (10.2% and 3.1%, respectively. 8.5% of athletes were classified 'at risk' for bone mineral density in contrast to none from the control group. Nutrition knowledge and eating attitude appeared to be independent for both athletes and controls. GNKQ scores of athletes were higher than controls but the differences between the knowledge of 'at risk' and 'not at risk' athletes and controls were inconsequential. Formal education in nutrition or closely related subjects does not have an influence on nutrition knowledge or on being classified as 'at risk' or 'not at risk'. Conclusion The lack of difference in nutrition knowledge between 'at risk' and 'not at risk' athletes suggests that lack of information is not accountable for restricted eating associated with the Female Athlete Triad.

  19. 山西省太原市临床医护人员的日常营养知识、态度、行为调查分析%A Survey and analysis of routine nutrition knowledge, attitude, practice of clinical medical staffs in Taiyuan of Shanxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝丹丹; 张文青; 郭丽娜; 刘娟; 安阳

    2015-01-01

    [目的]了解临床医护人员的日常营养知识-态度-行为(KAP),为今后进行营养健康教育提供基础资料。[方法]随机抽取两所三甲医院的279名在岗临床医护人员作为调查对象进行自填问卷调查。[结果]调查对象中体重标准者占62.40%,消瘦者占5.38%,超重/肥胖者占32.26%;其营养K、A、P答题的及格率和优秀率分别为74.91%,47.67%;97.85%,70.25%;85.30%,32.97%;中、高级职称者的营养K、A、P得分均高于初级职称者(P<0.05);食品营养标签的知晓率最低,为15.77%;调查对象中91.04%的人对营养知识感兴趣,98.21%的人认为有必要进行营养知识宣教;57.71%人的饮食情况追求营养平衡,45.88%的人每天吃早餐;其优先选择获取营养知识的途径是短信与网络。[结论]临床医护人员营养知识提升空间较大,营养态度普遍较好,营养行为较欠缺,应加强其营养健康教育,提高自身营养行为。%Objective To know routine nutrition knowledge, attitude, practice of clinical medical staffs so as to provide the fundamental basis. Methods The self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 279 on-the-job clinical medical staffs who were selected by random sampling in provincial top three hospitals.Results 62.40% of respondents were standard body weight, 5.38% of them were thin, 32.26% of them were overweight/obesity. The pass rate and the excellent rate about nutrition K、A、P was 74.91%, 47.67%, 97.85%, 70.25% and 85.30%,32.97% . The person with medium and senior title, their nutrition KAP was higher than the primary’s (P < 0.05). Food nutrition labels knowledge rate was the lowest (15.77%). 91.04% of respondents interested in nutrition knowledge.98.21% of them thought that there was a need for nutritional knowledge education, 57.71% of them pursued nutritional balance diet, 45.88% of them ate breakfast every day. The way that medical staffs gave preference to

  20. ATHLETES’ KNOWLEDGE OF REDUCED SPORTS NUTRITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Bojanić

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Decades of research support the theory that when there are sports competitions the¬re is also the question of what to eat and drink in order to enhance sports per¬for¬man¬ce. Optimal diet can reduce fatigue, and allow athletes who train longer and compete to recovering faster (Lin and Lee, 2005. Nutritional status has a direct impact on the level of physical effect. In other words, the physical condition of pre¬paration much depends on the nutritional status of persons engaged in sport (Beals and Manore, 1998. Methods: The sample was composed of 60 professional athletes from Montenegro (football, basketball and judo. Knowledge of reduced sports nu¬tri¬tion was tested by means of a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed to determine the knowledge of sports nutrition, the ingredients that are nece¬ssa¬ry in order to provide a sufficient amount of energy for training and compe¬tition, the dietary supplements, a meal prior to the competition as well as dehydration and re¬hy¬dration during training and competition. Results: According to the results as a who¬le, it can be concluded that the professional athletes’ knowledge of sports nutrition is at a satisfactory level. Out of 1200 responses 787 correct answers were achieved, or 65.5%. However, when looking at the individual responses then the satisfaction with the relative high percentage is not equal since we observed large gaps on very import¬ant issues related to sports nutrition. Discussion: By analyzing and comparing re¬se¬arch results (Matkovic, Prince & Cigrovski, 2006,in a sample of 56 basketball and ski¬ing coaches, 77.8% of correct answers were received. From a survey (Vasiljevic, Bo¬ja¬nic, Petkovic & Muratovic, 2014 of 30 licensed coaches from Mon¬tenegro (foot¬ball, handball, basketball, volleyball, athletics and tennis 78.,1% of correct answers were received. By looking into the results of our study, it is clear that the results indicate that

  1. Knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward shortened dental arch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-08-03

    Aug 3, 2015 ... Key words: Attitude, dentist, knowledge, shortened dental arch. Date of Acceptance: ... practice of SDA therapy among dentists in Saudi Arabia, no studies are available in ..... partial denture was similar. Therefore, the attitude ...

  2. Knowledge, Attitude, and Healthcare-Seeking Behavior Towards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge, Attitude, and Healthcare-Seeking Behavior Towards. Dysmenorrhea among Female ... had negative attitude towards dysmenorrhea. Major effects of ..... to cite this article:***. Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None declared.

  3. does knowledge influence their attitude and comfort in rendering care?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kemrilib

    Physicians and AIDS care: does knowledge influence their attitude and comfort in rendering ... experience, age and being a consultant or a senior resident influenced attitude, while male ..... having or not having children, prior instructions on ...

  4. Soy Protein and Coronary Heart Disease: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Theresa A.; Bakhiet, Raga M.

    2007-01-01

    This study assessed how knowledge of soy protein and its relationship to heart disease influences the attitudes and practices of college students. Results showed that family members, schools, and newspapers were the primary sources of students' nutritional information. One fourth of the participating students answered at least four nutrition…

  5. Community knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) on fluorosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ... attitude and practices of endemic community on fluoride contamination, fluorosis and ... that health consequences of fluoride contaminated water are fairly understood. None of ...

  6. Sports Nutrition Knowledge Assessment of Physical Educators and Coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conkle, M. Terence; Tishler, Anne G.

    This study assessed the sports nutrition knowledge of current and prospective physical educators/coaches (HPEs) to determine the need for improved education in this area and to compare the nutrition knowledge of HPEs with that of foods and nutrition students (FNSs) and general college students (GENs). A researcher-developed 4-point Likert-type…

  7. Knowledge, attitudes and metabolic control of diabetic and cardiac patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Emy Ono

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to verify the relationship between knowledge, attitudes and metabolic control in diabetic and cardiac patients. Methods: descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study exploring the knowledge, attitudes and diabetes metabolic control in 46 participants with heart disease. Results: participants were predominantly male with incomplete secondary education who demonstrated poor knowledge and unfavorable attitudes towards the disease. There was no difference between participants with and without knowledge on variables of metabolic and clinical control of diabetes, neither with respect to attitudes towards the disease. Conclusion: knowledge about diabetes was unsatisfactory in patients with heart disease and unrelated to favorable actions and better disease control.

  8. High School Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozel, Murat; Erdogan, Mehmet; Usak, Muhammet; Prokop, Pavol

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate high school students' knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology and its various applications. In addition, whether students' knowledge and attitudes differed according to age and gender were also explored. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ) with 16 items and the Biotechnology Attitude…

  9. Maternal nutritional knowledge and child nutritional status in the Volta region of Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appoh, Lily Yaa; Krekling, Sturla

    2005-04-01

    The relationship between mother's nutritional knowledge, maternal education, and child nutritional status (weight-for-age) was the subject of investigation in this study. The data were collected in Ghana on 55 well nourished and 55 malnourished mother-child pairs. A questionnaire designed to collect data on mother's knowledge and practices related to child care and nutrition was administered to the mothers. Data on mother's demographic and socio-economic characteristics as well as child anthropometric data were also collected. A nutrition knowledge score was calculated based on mother's responses to the nutrition related items. Bivariate analysis gave significant associations between child nutritional status and the following variables: time of initiating of breastfeeding, mother's knowledge of importance of colostrum and whether colostrum was given to child, age of introduction of supplementary food, and mother's knowledge about causes of kwashiorkor. The two groups also showed significant differences in their nutrition knowledge scores. Maternal formal education, and marital status were also found to be associated with child nutritional status in bivariate analyses. Further analysis with logistic regression revealed that maternal nutrition knowledge was independently associated with nutritional status after the effects of other significant variables were controlled for. Maternal education on the other hand was not found to be independently associated with nutritional status. These results imply that mother's practical knowledge about nutrition may be more important than formal maternal education for child nutrition outcome.

  10. 甘肃省会宁县高一学生营养知识、态度、行为调查与分析%Analysis of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice of students in Huining senior middle school of Gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭东; 张格祥; 马剑华; 肖永良; 王玉; 王宏志

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解会宁高一学生营养知识、态度和行为情况,为开展营养教育提供科学依据.方法 随机整群抽样方法 对会宁高一学生进行营养知识、态度和行为的问卷调查.结果 多元线性回归表明:调查对象营养知识与性别和生源有关.营养知识、态度和行为平均得分分别为(22.0±5.7)分,(20.2±4.2)分,(14.9±3.4)分.营养知识、态度得分女性高于男性,但行为得分女性低于男性;城镇生源得分高于乡村生源(P<0.05);营养知识与态度间有高度正相关性(r=0.300,P<0.001).调查对象认为饮食上存在问题的前3位是:食物品种较少(64.7%),肉类食物食用过少(39.5%),蔬菜水果摄入量少(35.4%).调查对象希望了解的营养知识主要是日常食物的合理搭配(72.4%),营养不良的预防(58.8%),食品卫生知识(50.8%),食物正确烹调方式(36.9%).目前获得相关营养知识的途径和期望途径均以报纸书籍、亲人、电视为主,咨询讲座和网络所占比例较少.结论 高一学生营养知识掌握程度较低,但有积极良好的态度,提示针对该人群应采取多种方式,开展有效的营养教育,提高该人群的营养知识,为其良好饮食行为的形成提供支持.%Objective To understand the status about the nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of the students in Huining senior middle school,and to provide the scientific proof for the nutritional education.Methods The objects,consistent with conditions,were randomly selected by cluster sampling in Huining senior middle schools and investigated with a self-designed questionnaire about nutritional knowledge,attitude and prac-tice.Results The results of multiple linear regression analysis of influential factors on nutritional knowledge indi-cated sex and origin had a relation with nutritional knowledge.The average score of nutritional knowledge of the crowd was 22.0±5.7,the nutritional attitude was 20.2±4.2,and the practice was 14.9±3

  11. Nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in children on regular hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youssef, Doaa Mohammed; Abo Al Fotoh, Mohammad Nagib; Elibehidy, Rabab Mohamed; Ramadan, Shreen Magdy Ahmad; Mohammad, Ehab Mohammady

    2015-03-01

    To evaluate the impact of nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in chronic dialysis patients, we studied 40 children on chronic regular hemodialysis (HD) at the beginning and after six months of nutrition educational sessions using a predesigned questionnaire. We also measured the anthropometric parameters of nutrition to evaluate the impact of this education on the health of patients. We found a highly statistically significant increase in patients' scores and in adequate knowledge using the questionnaire after the educational sessions. Our results showed a statistically significant decrease in body mass index and weight after educational sessions for six months. Moreover, there were no significant decreases in serum phosphorus, ferritin, iron and creatinine, in contrast with no significant increase in hemoglobin, serum calcium, blood urea nitrogen and serum albumin. We conclude that nutritional education is significantly effective with regard to the level of knowledge, but not with regard to the attitude and practice in children on chronic HD.

  12. Nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in children on regular hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doaa Mohammed Youssef

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the impact of nutritional knowledge following interventional educational sessions in chronic dialysis patients, we studied 40 children on chronic regular hemodialysis (HD at the beginning and after six months of nutrition educational sessions using a predesigned questionnaire. We also measured the anthropometric parameters of nutrition to evaluate the impact of this education on the health of patients. We found a highly statistically significant increase in patients′ scores and in adequate knowledge using the questionnaire after the educational sessions. Our results showed a statistically significant decrease in body mass index and weight after educational sessions for six months. Moreover, there were no significant decreases in serum phosphorus, ferritin, iron and creatinine, in contrast with no significant increase in hemoglobin, serum calcium, blood urea nitrogen and serum albumin. We conclude that nutritional education is significantly effective with regard to the level of knowledge, but not with regard to the attitude and practice in children on chronic HD.

  13. Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing Students toward Electroconvulsive Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Nitasha; Ghai, Sandhya; Grover, Sandeep

    2017-01-01

    Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the commonly used treatment modalities for patients with severe mental disorders. However, acceptance of ECT by the patient and relatives often depends on how the health-care professionals themselves present the treatment modality to the patients and their relatives. There is a lack of information about the knowledge and attitude toward ECT among health professionals. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about and attitude toward ECT among nursing students. Methodology: Knowledge of and attitudes toward ECT among nursing students were assessed using ECT knowledge and attitude questionnaires. Results: The study included 183 nursing students. Majority (n = 62; 60.8%) of the participants obtained information about ECT from media (movies, television, print media, etc.). None of the students had full knowledge about ECT. Although a significant proportion of students had knowledge about the ECT procedure and consent procedure, majority of them had poor knowledge about the effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, and side effects of ECT. Negative attitudes were also highly prevalent, with more than two-thirds of the participants having negative attitudes toward ECT on more than half of the attitude items of the scale. Total knowledge score positively correlated with total attitude score, suggesting that higher knowledge was associated with more positive attitude. Conclusions: Although nursing students have knowledge about basic ECT procedure and consent, they lack knowledge about the effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, and side effects of ECT. Negative attitude toward ECT is also highly prevalent among nursing students. Accordingly, there is a need to improve the knowledge and address the negative attitude of nursing students, which may ultimately lead to better acceptance of the treatment. PMID:28936064

  14. 塘桥社区小学三年级学生营养知、信、行调查%Investigation on Knowledge Attitude and Practice(KAP)of nutrition among the third grade students in Tangqiao community primary school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞宏毅; 陈宝根; 刘天威; 李宁

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the students' knowledge,attitude and practice of nutrition in Tangqiao town.Methods:200 third grade students of two primary schools were selected.We made KAP questionnaire survey on nutrition knowledge.Results:The overall condition of KAP of the third grade students in Tangqiao community is good,but there are still some errors in the perspective of knowledge.Conclusion:The nutritional knowledge of pupils should be intervened,improve health literacy,cultivate good habits to provide information and data for further investigation.%目的:为了解塘桥小学生营养知识、态度和行为情况。方法:抽取两所小学三年级学生200人,进行营养知识知信行调查问卷调查。结果:塘桥社区三年级学生整体知信行情况良好,但是还是存在一些错误知识观点。结论:应该对小学生的营养知识进行干预,提高健康素养,培养良好的饮食习惯,为进一步调查提供了资料和数据。

  15. A Systematic Review of Athletes’ and Coaches’ Nutrition Knowledge and Reflections on the Quality of Current Nutrition Knowledge Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trakman, Gina L.; Forsyth, Adrienne; Devlin, Brooke L.; Belski, Regina

    2016-01-01

    Context: Nutrition knowledge can influence dietary choices and impact on athletic performance. Valid and reliable measures are needed to assess the nutrition knowledge of athletes and coaches. Objectives: (1) To systematically review the published literature on nutrition knowledge of adult athletes and coaches and (2) to assess the quality of measures used to assess nutrition knowledge. Data Sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss, Web of Science, and SCOPUS. Study Selection: 36 studies that provided a quantitative measure of nutrition knowledge and described the measurement tool that was used were included. Data extraction: Participant description, questionnaire description, results (mean correct and responses to individual items), study quality, and questionnaire quality. Data synthesis: All studies were of neutral quality. Tools used to measure knowledge did not consider health literacy, were outdated with regards to consensus recommendations, and lacked appropriate and adequate validation. The current status of nutrition knowledge in athletes and coaches is difficult to ascertain. Gaps in knowledge also remain unclear, but it is likely that energy density, the need for supplementation, and the role of protein are frequently misunderstood. Conclusions: Previous reports of nutrition knowledge need to be interpreted with caution. A new, universal, up-to-date, validated measure of general and sports nutrition knowledge is required to allow for assessment of nutrition knowledge. PMID:27649242

  16. A Systematic Review of Athletes’ and Coaches’ Nutrition Knowledge and Reflections on the Quality of Current Nutrition Knowledge Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina L. Trakman

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Context: Nutrition knowledge can influence dietary choices and impact on athletic performance. Valid and reliable measures are needed to assess the nutrition knowledge of athletes and coaches. Objectives: (1 To systematically review the published literature on nutrition knowledge of adult athletes and coaches and (2 to assess the quality of measures used to assess nutrition knowledge. Data Sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss, Web of Science, and SCOPUS. Study Selection: 36 studies that provided a quantitative measure of nutrition knowledge and described the measurement tool that was used were included. Data extraction: Participant description, questionnaire description, results (mean correct and responses to individual items, study quality, and questionnaire quality. Data synthesis: All studies were of neutral quality. Tools used to measure knowledge did not consider health literacy, were outdated with regards to consensus recommendations, and lacked appropriate and adequate validation. The current status of nutrition knowledge in athletes and coaches is difficult to ascertain. Gaps in knowledge also remain unclear, but it is likely that energy density, the need for supplementation, and the role of protein are frequently misunderstood. Conclusions: Previous reports of nutrition knowledge need to be interpreted with caution. A new, universal, up-to-date, validated measure of general and sports nutrition knowledge is required to allow for assessment of nutrition knowledge.

  17. Intensive care physicians' attitudes and perceptions on nutrition therapy: a web-based survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Haroldo Falcão Ramos da; Salluh, Jorge Ibrain Figueira; França, Maria de Fátima

    2010-03-01

    Nutritional therapy is an important element in critical ill patient care. Although recognized as specialty, multidisciplinary teams in nutrition support are scarce in our country. Possibly, nutrition support therapy is applied by intensive care physicians and this may vary. The aim of the study is describe these specialists perceptions about theirs attitudes in enteral nutrition support. A questionnaire was elaborated in an on-line platform. After pre-validation, it was sent by electronic mail to intensivists. In 30 days answers were collected, considering only the full-filled questionnaires. One hundred an fourteen forms were returned, 112 were analyzed. The responders were localized at majority in southeastern region. About beggining of nutritional support, the majority of answers reflect perceptions in accord to specialists societies recommendations. The responders' perception the frequent utilization of assistentials protocols in nutrition care. After support beginning, the responders perceptions about theirs participation in changes in therapeutic plan seems to be lower. The self-knowledge about the theme among the responders was 6.0 (arithmetic media) in a 1 to 10 scale. More studies are necessary to evaluate nutritional support practices among intensive care physicians. Alternatives to on-line platform should be considered. Possibly, intensive care physicians do better in the initial phases of enteral support than in continuity of care. Intensive care physicians knowledge about the issue is suboptimal.

  18. Knowledge, Attitude and Uptake among Female Medical and Dental ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    adedamla

    Conclusion. The knowledge and uptake of HPV vaccination among these students was generally poor though most of them had ... knowledge and attitude of female medical students towards ..... Asian Pacific Journal ... International Journal of.

  19. aspects of knowledge, attitudes and practices of managers

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Small and micro enterprises – aspects of knowledge, attitudes and practices of managers\\' and food handlers\\' knowledge of food safety in the ... Food handlers achieved an unsatisfactory score (46.0%) on the basic principles of food safety.

  20. The Knowledge, Perception, and Attitude of Patients Living with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to determine the knowledge, perception, and attitude of patients living with glaucoma ... diagnosed glaucoma patients attending the eye clinic of the hospital during the ..... Michielutte R, Diseker RA, Stafford CL, Carr P. Knowledge of diabetes.

  1. original article knowledge, attitudes and personal beliefs about hiv ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-01

    Sep 1, 2011 ... al., who assessed HIV knowledge among a group of Indian patients with ... The aim of the study was to determine knowledge, attitudes and personal ...... and risk behaviours of schizophrenic and diabetic patients in regard to ...

  2. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of nursing staff regarding the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Outcomes measures: Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding BFHI and ... acceptable awareness and knowledge of the recommended BFHI principles. ... hand milk-expressing technique, 35.6% knew about the correct management of ...

  3. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits of professional rugby league players: does knowledge translate into practice?

    OpenAIRE

    Alaunyte, Ieva; Perry, John L; Aubrey, Tony

    2015-01-01

    Background Adequate nutrient intake is important to support training and to optimise performance of elite athletes. Nutritional knowledge has been shown to play an important role in adopting optimal nutrition practices. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the level of nutritional knowledge and dietary habits in elite English rugby league players using the eatwell plate food categories. Method General nutritional knowledge questionnaires were collected duri...

  4. Jordanian School Counselors' Knowledge about and Attitudes toward Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannous, Adel G.; Khateeb, Jamal M.; Khamra, Hatem A.; Hadidi, Muna S.; Natour, Mayada M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes of Jordanian school counselors toward diabetes mellitus. A sample of 295 counselors completed a questionnaire consisting of two parts concerning knowledge and attitudes. The face validity of the questionnaire was assessed using an informed panel of judges, and its reliability was established…

  5. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of dentists concerning the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-09-03

    Sep 3, 2014 ... Key words: Attitude, continuity of care, hepatitis B virus, knowledge, Saudi Arabia ... knowledge base, attitudes, and practice of dentists toward occupational risks of HBV. ..... its limitations; actually, it was relatively small scale study. Moreover, all ... Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None declared.

  6. Jordanian School Counselors' Knowledge about and Attitudes toward Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannous, Adel G.; Khateeb, Jamal M.; Khamra, Hatem A.; Hadidi, Muna S.; Natour, Mayada M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes of Jordanian school counselors toward diabetes mellitus. A sample of 295 counselors completed a questionnaire consisting of two parts concerning knowledge and attitudes. The face validity of the questionnaire was assessed using an informed panel of judges, and its reliability was established…

  7. Influencing University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes toward Breastfeeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froehlich, Jan; Boivin, Meghan; Rice, Desiree.; McGraw, Katie; Munson, Elin; Walter, Katherine Corcoran; Bloch, Mary K. S.

    2013-01-01

    Spending a few minutes reading about the benefits of breastfeeding had a significant, positive effect on university students' knowledge and attitudes toward breastfeeding on post-surveys and follow-up surveys one month later. Since lactation duration is correlated with both knowledge and attitudes toward breastfeeding, implications of these…

  8. Combating Ageism: Change in Student Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottle, Nate R.; Glover, Rebecca J.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the ability of a lifespan course to create positive change in both knowledge of, and attitudes toward, aging of undergraduate students. Additionally, we questioned whether students define the point at which one is considered to be old in similar ways. Findings indicated positive change in both knowledge and attitudes, but…

  9. Antibiotics in pediatrics: Parental knowledge and attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trkulja Maja

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Antibiotics represent the most prescribed class of medication in the pediatric circles. Almost 50% of the medication was prescribed without definite merit. Recently published studies have shown that the level of knowledge, awareness, as well as parents' expectations, play a significant role in the amount of prescribed antibiotics by pediatricians. Aim: To assess the level of parent's education, attitude and behavior, in regard to antibiotic use in pediatric population in Serbia. Material and methods: The cross-sectional study was performed between October 2015 and February 2016. An anonymous survey approach had been used. Demographic data of the participants gave an insight in the level of knowledge and common practice regarding the use of antibiotics in children. The data collected was analyzed by methods of descriptive and analytic statistics. Results: Of 850 recruited, 763 completed and returned the survey. A high level of knowledge was found in 79.5% of the participants. The highest percent of parents answered the questions correctly in regard to reporting drug-related adverse reactions, including allergic reactions (99% and 93% respectively. Almost one third (27% of the parents thought that antibiotics can cure viral infections. More than 20% of participants thought that antibiotics can control pain, and that more expensive medication was more effective. The worrisome is the fact that 15% bought antibiotic at least once without a doctor's prescriptions, while 18% stashed away leftovers for later use. Conclusion: Although study results showed good quality data, parents are still deciding by themselves if they should start antibiotic therapy. Reinforcing established educational programs and encouraging communication with their pediatrician would be highly justified.

  10. Gender differences in knowledge and attitude towards biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Richard M

    2010-11-01

    The relationship between gender, knowledge of biotechnology, attitudes toward biotechnology, and various socio-demographic variables was investigated using the Eurobarometer 52.1. It was found that neither socio-demographics, nor differing levels of scientific knowledge could explain females' greater probability of being pessimistic toward biotechnology. After running separate models for males and females, it was discovered that, for males, more knowledge of biotechnology decreased their probability of being pessimistic about science, but for females more knowledge of biotechnology actually lead to a greater probability of being pessimistic. Further, a gender-education interaction was discovered that revealed that, for males, education and knowledge of biotechnology have independent effects on attitudes, but for females education has no effect on attitudes towards biotechnology when knowledge is controlled. The results for females complicate the deficit model of social support for science, which posits that more knowledge of science always leads to more positive attitudes.

  11. Investigation of the Nutritional Knowledge and Attitude of Part of the National Social Sports Instructors in Yunnan Province%云南省部分国家级社会体育指导员营养知识和态度的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋淑华; 高春刚; 和艳美

    2014-01-01

    As a special social group , the social sports instructors whose nutrition knowledge attitude not only has important influence on their own health , but also plays an important role in work in the future.This paper investigate the nutritional knowledge and attitude of part of national social sports instructors in Yunnan province , aims to found the problems and put forward the proposal and provide reference for more targeted to develop a high level of social sports instructors.%社会体育指导员作为社会的特殊群体,其营养知识一态度,不仅对其自身健康有重要影响,而且今后在工作中也起着至关重要的作用。就云南省部分国家级社会体育指导员的营养知识和态度进行调查,旨在发现问题提出建议,为更有针对性的培养高水平的社会体育指导员提供参考。

  12. 罗湖区某高中学生家长营养知信行调查研究%Investigation on the Nutrition Knowledge,Attitude,Practice Among the Parents of a High School in Luohu District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖可; 邹永霞; 刘旭霞; 黄春英; 乔何霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:本研究主要在对高中学生开展营养健康教育前后,进行学生家长营养知信行方面调查研究,分析家长的营养相关知信行,以及为对家长营养相关知识宣传和中学生开展营养健康教育的必要性和提供科学依据。方法:整体随机抽样法,于2012年1月—2013年6月,在选定学校一个年级的高中学生家长进行干预前后对照。结果:调查对象总体知识知晓率干预前为70.7%,干预后73.6%。家长的超重肥胖比例高达30%左右,干预前后,家长对学生的要求最多的是“会要求多吃蔬菜水果和不吸烟、不喝酒”,86.0%的家长会想了解更多的营养知识。结论:加强对家长的营养健康教育,通过家长对学生的营养控制,促进学生维持健康体重。%Objective: This study mainly on the high school students nutrition before and after health education, students' parents know nobuyuki nutrition survey research, analysts have long nutrition related knowledge nobuyuki, and nutrition knowledge propaganda for parents and students nutrition health education the necessity and provide a scientific basis.Methods: The overall random sampling method, in January 2012 - June 2013, in the selected school a grade high school students' parents before and after the intervention.Results: Respondents aware of knowledge about the overall before intervention was 70.7%, 73.6% after the intervention. Parents of overweight obesity rates as high as 30%, before and after the intervention, the requirements of parents of students is one of the most "will be asked to eat more fruits and vegetables and no smoking, no drinking", 86% of the parents will want to learn more knowledge of nutrition. Conclusion: Health education, strengthen the parent nutritional control from the parents of students, promote the student to maintain a healthy weight.

  13. The Effect of Puberty Education on Knowledge, Attitude and Function of Girl's Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahrban Mehrabi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The study was examined effect of puberty education on knowledge, attitude and function in girl's student in Jiroft. Materials & Methods: this was a quasi experimental study and the target population was girl's student at grade 1 high school in jiroft city and 40 girls were selected and were educated in a 12 sessions. The content of the educational course including physical signs of puberty, physiologic change in menstrual period, nutrition, sleep and psychological changes. The subjects completed in pretest and posttest a researcher made questionnaire that measure knowledge, attitude and function. The data was analyzed using descriptive indexes, t- and F-tests. The significant level was considered in less than 0.05. Results: The results showed that the average difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge, attitude and function in both experimental and control groups was significant (p

  14. Nutrition training improves health workers’ nutrition knowledge and competence to manage child undernutrition: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno F Sunguya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medical and nursing education lack adequate practical nutrition training to fit the clinical reality that health workers face in their practices. Such a deficit creates health workers with poor nutrition knowledge and child undernutrition management practices. In-service nutrition training can help to fill this gap. However, no systematic review has examined its collective effectiveness. We thus conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of in-service nutrition training on health workers’ nutrition knowledge, counseling skills, and child undernutrition management practices. Methods: We conducted a literature search on nutrition interventions from PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, and WHO regional databases. The outcome variables were nutrition knowledge, nutrition counseling skills, and undernutrition management practices of health workers. Due to heterogeneity, we conducted only descriptive analyses. Results: Out of 3910 retrieved articles, 25 were selected as eligible for the final analysis. A total of 18 studies evaluated health workers’ nutrition knowledge and showed improvement after training. A total of 12 studies with nutrition counseling as the outcome variable also showed improvement among the trained health workers. Sixteen studies evaluated health workers’ child undernutrition management practices. In all such studies, child undernutrition management practices and competence of health workers improved after the nutrition training intervention.Conclusion: In-service nutrition training improves quality of health workers by rendering them more knowledge and competence to manage nutrition-related conditions, especially child undernutrition. In-service nutrition training interventions can help to fill the gap created by the lack of adequate nutrition training in the existing medical and nursing education system. In this way, steps can be taken towards improving the overall nutritional status of

  15. Nutrition Training Improves Health Workers’ Nutrition Knowledge and Competence to Manage Child Undernutrition: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunguya, Bruno F.; Poudel, Krishna C.; Mlunde, Linda B.; Urassa, David P.; Yasuoka, Junko; Jimba, Masamine

    2013-01-01

    Background: Medical and nursing education lack adequate practical nutrition training to fit the clinical reality that health workers face in their practices. Such a deficit creates health workers with poor nutrition knowledge and child undernutrition management practices. In-service nutrition training can help to fill this gap. However, no systematic review has examined its collective effectiveness. We thus conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of in-service nutrition training on health workers’ nutrition knowledge, counseling skills, and child undernutrition management practices. Methods: We conducted a literature search on nutrition interventions from PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, and World Health Organization regional databases. The outcome variables were nutrition knowledge, nutrition-counseling skills, and undernutrition management practices of health workers. Due to heterogeneity, we conducted only descriptive analyses. Results: Out of 3910 retrieved articles, 25 were selected as eligible for the final analysis. A total of 18 studies evaluated health workers’ nutrition knowledge and showed improvement after training. A total of 12 studies with nutrition counseling as the outcome variable also showed improvement among the trained health workers. Sixteen studies evaluated health workers’ child undernutrition management practices. In all such studies, child undernutrition management practices and competence of health workers improved after the nutrition training intervention. Conclusion: In-service nutrition training improves quality of health workers by rendering them more knowledge and competence to manage nutrition-related conditions, especially child undernutrition. In-service nutrition training interventions can help to fill the gap created by the lack of adequate nutrition training in the existing medical and nursing education system. In this way, steps can be taken toward improving the overall nutritional status

  16. Attitude of Pharmacy Students Towards a Nutrition Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed Abdul, Majid Mufaqam

    Today's pharmacists are likely to encounter questions about nutritional products sold in the pharmacy. This is due, in part, to the increased number of pharmacies attached to grocery stores and the availability of pharmacists. Many pharmacists report they lack nutritional knowledge and believe the best time to educate pharmacists about nutrition is during pharmacy school. This study was conducted to determine if today's pharmacy students receive education in nutrition and if they realize the importance of nutrition education. Two hundred and twenty five students from India and ninety five students from the United States currently attending pharmacy school were surveyed. Results showed only 3.5% of students from India and 13.6% of students from the United States received nutrition education during their pharmacy degree curriculum. In addition, 81.8% of students from India and 82.9% of students from the United States who had taken a course in nutrition believed a nutrition course should be incorporated into the pharmacy degree curriculum. When pharmacy-related experience was taken into account, 92.9% of students from India and 73.3% of students from the United States also believed a nutrition course should be incorporated into the pharmacy degree curriculum. Overall, 88% of students from India and 70.5% of students from the United States believed nutrition education was important and should be included in the pharmacy degree curriculum. Results of this study suggest the majority of today's pharmacy students believe a nutrition course should be incorporated into the pharmacy degree curriculum regardless of past nutrition education or pharmacy-related experience.

  17. Evaluation of Iranian college athletes' sport nutrition knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessri, Mahsa; Jessri, Maryam; RashidKhani, Bahram; Zinn, Caryn

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the nutrition knowledge and the factors determining this knowledge in Iranian college basketball and football athletes. By highlighting gaps in nutrition knowledge of these athletes, sport nutrition professionals may begin to address these gaps by educating athletes with a view toward minimizing injury and enhancing sport performance. Sixty-six basketball and 141 football players (response rate 78.4%) from 4 medical and 8 nonmedical universities in Tehran agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study. A 2-part questionnaire was used; the first part comprised questions identifying demographic information, and the second part comprised a previously well-validated questionnaire on sport nutrition knowledge. The overall knowledge score was 33.2% (+/- 12.3%). Men scored 28.2% (+/- 12.7%), and women, 38.7% (+/- 14.2%). In both genders, the highest score was obtained for the nutrients subcategory, and the supplements subcategory was the most poorly answered. When compared with their peers, a significantly higher score was obtained by women (p nutrition information from reputable sources (p = .03). The coach was cited by 89.4% of athletes as their main source of nutrition information. This study showed that the sport nutrition knowledge of these athletes is inadequate. Considering that this substandard level of knowledge may contribute to poor dietary behaviors, these athletes would benefit from nutrition-related training and education.

  18. Evaluation of the Effect of Knowledge Concerning Healthy Nutrition and Nutrition Science on the Knowledge Development Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Nutrition can be regarded as an important part of any preparation program, as well as an important part of life. It seems essential to develop nutritional science and improve eating habits with the purpose of developing a healthy diet and avoiding the outcomes that arise from a lack of nutrition. Proper nutrition is one of the important factors for the development of health. Lack of sufficient awareness about nutrition can result in improper eating habits. Objectives The present study evaluated the effect of knowledge about healthy nutrition and nutrition science on the knowledge development approach. Materials and Methods In this cross-sectional descriptive study, the statistical population consisted of 190 experts and other scholars in the area of nutritional science. A questionnaire based on demographic details, nutritional science, nutrition education, research, proper solutions to individuals’ nutritional problems, and a culture of nutrition was used for data collection. Results A relatively strong positive correlation was found between the knowledge development approach, nutritional science, nutrition education and research, and proper solutions for individual nutritional problems and a culture of nutrition (P < 0.001. Conclusions 1 Effective enhancement and participation in an academic community will be important in the future of food and nutrition security; however, major gaps and weaknesses also exist in this context; 2 The main weaknesses in relation to the lack of clear policies and procedures include focusing on only Tehran, Iran; the need to overcome bureaucracy; and problems related to motivation, capital, and international communications; 3 Qualitative and quantitative improvement of research is not possible without access to skilled experts and researchers; 4 To solve these problems, it will be beneficial to pay more attention to the role of universities, facilitate intellectual communication among professors in

  19. Preschool Teachers' Attitudes Towards Nutritional Information on Food Labels in Turkey and Recommendations for an Educational Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unusan, Nurhan

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate preschool teachers' attitudes towards nutrition labels. A sample of 154 preschool teachers was surveyed to determine their label-reading behaviours and knowledge. A total of 71.5% of the preschool teachers reported that they read food labels when purchasing food items (i.e. rather often or sometimes).…

  20. Preschool Teachers' Attitudes Towards Nutritional Information on Food Labels in Turkey and Recommendations for an Educational Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unusan, Nurhan

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate preschool teachers' attitudes towards nutrition labels. A sample of 154 preschool teachers was surveyed to determine their label-reading behaviours and knowledge. A total of 71.5% of the preschool teachers reported that they read food labels when purchasing food items (i.e. rather often or sometimes).…

  1. Pharmacy students′ use, knowledge and attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine at Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussain Abdulrahman Al-Omar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The survey was conducted to explore use, knowledge and attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine (CAM among pharmacy students at the college of pharmacy, King Saud University. A total of 133 fourth- and fifth-year pharmacy students completed a questionnaire designed to explore their use, knowledge and attitudes toward CAM therapies at the college of pharmacy, King Saud University. Study lasted for 3 months from 1 st of October until 31 st of December in 2007. Nutrition and herbal medicine therapies were the most known therapies by 65% and 53% of the students, respectively. Knowledge about CAM therapies among the students was limited. Thirty-nine percent of the students reported use of some form of CAM at least once in their lifetime. CAM was used for acute, chronic and mild illness as well as nutrition. Herbal medicine, nutrition, massage, relaxation exercises, yoga and mega-dose vitamin were the most CAM used. Lectures were the chief CAM information source. More than one half of the respondents (53-70% believed that five of the 15 CAM modalities were useful, namely massage, herbal medicine, nutrition, yoga and relaxation exercises. Respondents had a positive attitude toward statements that favoured CAM. Most students strongly agreed or agreed that most CAM therapies were efficacious, whereas 52.6% of the respondents did believe that CAM therapies can be harmful to public health. The study showed that the students had positive attitude toward CAM and exhibited relatively high level of self-reported use of CAM therapies. Overall, students′ knowledge of CAM is limited. The students perceived interest in learning and training in CAM. A separate course in CAM including its various components is needed. Also, availability of a reliable CAM information sources will aid the students to increase their knowledge of CAM.

  2. Nutrition Knowledge and Training Needs in the School Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Anna Marie

    The nutrition environment in schools can influence the risk for childhood overweight and obesity, which in turn can have life-long implications for risk of chronic disease. This dissertation aimed to examine the nutrition environment in primary public schools in California with regards to the amount of nutrition education provided in the classroom, the nutrition knowledge of teachers, and the training needs of school nutrition personnel. In order to determine nutrition knowledge of teachers, a valid and reliable questionnaire was developed to assess knowledge. The systematic process involved cognitive interviews, a mail-based pretest that utilized a random sample of addresses in California, and validity and reliability testing in a sample of university students. Results indicated that the questionnaire had adequate construct validity, internal consistency reliability, and test-retest reliability. Following the validation of the knowledge questionnaire, it was used in a study of public school teachers in California to determine the relationship between demographic and classroom characteristics and nutrition knowledge, in addition to barriers to nutrition education and resources used to plan nutrition lessons. Nutrition knowledge was not found to be associated with teaching nutrition in the classroom, however it was associated with gender, identifying as Hispanic or Latino, and grade level grouping taught. The most common barriers to nutrition education were time, and unrelated subject matter. The most commonly used resources to plan nutrition lessons were Dairy Council of California educational materials. The school nutrition program was the second area of the school nutrition environment to be examined, and the primary focus was to determine the perceived training needs of California school nutrition personnel. Respondents indicated a need for training in topics related to: program management; the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010; nutrition, health and

  3. Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poorolajal, J; Cheraghi, P; Irani, A Doosti; Cheraghi, Z; Mirfakhraei, M

    2012-01-01

    Background This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism. Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively. Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (Pplagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission. PMID:23304676

  4. Construction of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for assessing plagiarism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poorolajal, J; Cheraghi, P; Irani, A Doosti; Cheraghi, Z; Mirfakhraei, M

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism. A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively. The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (Pplagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

  5. Dietary behaviour of Tehranian adolescents does not accord with their nutritional knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirmiran, Parvin; Azadbakht, Leila; Azizi, Fereidoun

    2007-09-01

    To determine the nutritional behaviour of Tehranian adolescents. This study was undertaken on 7669 adolescents (4070 boys and 3599 girls) of 22 junior high schools and high schools as a representative sample of Tehranian adolescents. A validated knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) questionnaire and a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were used. Factor analysis was used to determine the key questions. The mean ( +/- standard deviation) age and body mass index of the adolescents was 14 +/- 1 years and 27.2 +/- 11 kg m- 2. Although 82% of girls and 75% of boys had good nutritional knowledge, only 25% of boys and 15% of girls had good nutritional practice. Eighty-five per cent of adolescents knew that drinking too many soft beverages resulted in overweight or obesity, but only 4.5% of them did not drink soft beverages. Although 89% of adolescents knew that crisps and corn balls are not healthy snacks, 45% of them used such snacks during their break time. Thirty-seven per cent of adolescents preferred whole-grain biscuits to creamy wafer ones but only 10% of adolescents used whole-grain biscuits as a snack. The most frequently consumed snacks among Tehranian adolescents were sausage sandwiches, cocoa cola, crisps and corn balls, creamy wafers, cakes, chocolate and toffee. A low percentage of Tehranian adolescents have good nutritional behaviour and in most of them their nutritional practice does not accord with their nutritional knowledge. These results indicate the necessity of nutritional intervention in Tehranian adolescents.

  6. First Year Medical Students′ AIDS Knowledge and Attitude

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    Amalraj Edwin R

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Research Question: What is the level of knowledge, sexual practices and attitude of medical students towards AIDS/ HIV. Objective: To assess the knowledge, sexual practices and attitudes of medical students in relation to HIV/AIDS. Study Design: Cross- sectional. Participants: 409 first year medical students. Study variables: Sex knowledge, sexual practices, Attitudes, Risk perception. Results: 92% of the students had heard about AIDS predominantly through mass media. Many students had misconception about transmission of HIV infection should not be allowed to work in the clinic or hospital. 36% of male and 9% of female students admitted indulging in safe sexual practices mostly with their friends.

  7. Nutrition knowledge, diet quality and hypertension in a working population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geaney, F; Fitzgerald, S; Harrington, J M; Kelly, C; Greiner, B A; Perry, I J

    2015-01-01

    To examine if employees with higher nutrition knowledge have better diet quality and lower prevalence of hypertension. Cross-sectional baseline data were obtained from the complex workplace dietary intervention trial, the Food Choice at Work Study. Participants included 828 randomly selected employees (18-64 years) recruited from four multinational manufacturing workplaces in Ireland, 2013. A validated questionnaire assessed nutrition knowledge. Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) measured diet quality from which a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) score was constructed. Standardised digital blood pressure monitors measured hypertension. Nutrition knowledge was positively associated with diet quality after adjustment for age, gender, health status, lifestyle and socio-demographic characteristics. The odds of having a high DASH score (better diet quality) were 6 times higher in the highest nutrition knowledge group compared to the lowest group (OR = 5.8, 95% CI 3.5 to 9.6). Employees in the highest nutrition knowledge group were 60% less likely to be hypertensive compared to the lowest group (OR = 0.4, 95% CI 0.2 to 0.87). However, multivariate analyses were not consistent with a mediation effect of the DASH score on the association between nutrition knowledge and blood pressure. Higher nutrition knowledge is associated with better diet quality and lower blood pressure but the inter-relationships between these variables are complex.

  8. 汉源地区哺乳期妇女营养知识、态度、行为及食物摄入频率状况研究%INVESTIGATION OF NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE AND THE STATUS OF FOOD FREQUENCY OF BREAST-FEEDING WOMEN IN HAN YUAN REGION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宇倩; 唐偲琦; 王海英; 彭锦瑞; 陈雅薇; 俞捷; 吴璟屿; 帅才; 宋雅晴

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To find out the status of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice and the food frequency of breast-feeding women in Han Yuan region, and provide scientific basis of nutritional education for breast-feeding women.[ Methods] 100 breast-feeding women living in Han Yuan county were inquired face-to-face by self-produced questionnaire.[ Results] The level of nutritional KAP for the breast-feeding women in Han Yuan county was low, and the qualification rate was 20%. There was obvious positive correlations among nutritional K, A and P; the nutritional attitude were generally good;problema of practice were: insufficient of apecific foods such as dairy and eggs products, legume and pluck, the frequency of cereals, vegetables and fruits were reasonable. [ Conclusion] The current nutritional knowledge and diet pattem for local breast-feeding women should be improved. The advantage of well-mannered nutritional attitude should be taken to carry out intervene of nutritional health education and enhance nutritional education for breast-feeding women and her family, in order to impmve the health of both mothers and offspring.%[目的] 了解汉源地区哺乳期妇女营养相关知识、态度、行为及食物摄入频率的现状,为哺乳期妇女营养教育工作的开展提供科学依据.[方法] 采用自制问卷对汉源县100名哺乳期妇女进行面对面问卷调查.[结果]汉源县哺乳期妇女营养相关知识、态度及行为总体水平较差,合格率为20%;营养K、A、P之间有明显正相关性;营养态度普遍较好;营养行为中的主要问题是:哺乳期特殊需要食物如奶类、蛋类、豆类、动物内脏等摄入不足,谷类、蔬菜、水果类食物的摄入频率较为合理.[结论] 目前当地哺乳期妇女人群的营养知识和饮食模式有待改善,可利用营养态度普遍较好的有利条件,开展系列营养健康教育干预活动,加强哺乳期妇女及家人的营养教育,以促进母子健康.

  9. [Relevance of nutrition knowledge on clinical practice: medical opinion survey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvares, Luísa; Moreira, Isabel; Oliveira, António

    2007-01-01

    Although previous studies show that physicians generally agree that nutrition knowledge is important for their daily clinical practice, several other studies report their poor knowledge of the subject. One of the strongest reasons given for this is the non-incorporation of Nutrition as a compulsory subject for the medical sciences degree. Dietary counselling and assessment of the patients' nutritional status don't seem to be systematic. The aim of this study is to asses how relevant physicians consider Nutrition to be in the successful running of a good practice. The study was undertaken at the general hospital of Vila Real/Peso da Régua (CHVR/PR) by distribution of a self- administered questionnaire to 153 of the physicians of the clinical body. Mean values were compared with the Student's t test and proportions with the Chi-square test. Of the 153 physicians, 108 replies were received (70,6%). Of these 108 replies, 53,3% consider nutrition knowledge important although 29,6% state their knowledge is poor. More than half say that Clinical Nutrition should be a compulsory subject of the Medical Sciences syllabus, and 99,1% deem it important to assess the patient's nutritional status. About 95% stated they provided written or verbal nutritional guidance, and most of the physicians had already sought the assistance of a nutritionist. This study shows that the clinical body of the CHVR/PR is aware of the importance nutrition knowledge has in their daily practice. It must be noted, though, that although almost one third of the physicians rate their nutrition knowledge poor, most of them provide nutritional guidance to their patients.

  10. Computer Use, Confidence, Attitudes, and Knowledge: A Causal Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Tamar; Donitsa-Schmidt, Smadar

    1998-01-01

    Introduces a causal model which links measures of computer experience, computer-related attitudes, computer-related confidence, and perceived computer-based knowledge. The causal model suggests that computer use has a positive effect on perceived computer self-confidence, as well as on computer-related attitudes. Questionnaires were administered…

  11. The association between nutrition and physical activity knowledge and weight status of primary school educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucinda Dalais

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate primary school educators' health status, knowledge, perceptions and behaviour regarding nutrition and physical activity.Thus, nutrition and physical activity knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and risk factors for the development of non-communicable diseases of 155 educators were assessed in a cross-sectional survey. Height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure and random glucose levels were measured. Twenty percent of the sample had normal weight (body mass index (BMI, kg/m2 25 to 140/90 mmHg: 50.3%, and were inactive (48.7% with a high waist circumference (> 82 cm: 57.4%. Educators' nutrition and physical activity knowledge was poor. Sixty-nine percent of educators incorrectly believed that eating starchy foods causes weight gain and only 15% knew that one should eat five or more fruit and/or vegetables per day. Aspects of poor nutritional knowledge, misconceptions regarding actual body weight status, and challenges in changing health behaviours, emerged as issues which need to be addressed among educators. Educators' high risk for developing chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs may impact on educator absenteeism and subsequently on school functioning. The aspects of poor nutrition and physical activity knowledge along with educators' high risk for NCD development may be particularly significant not merely in relation to their personal health but also the learners they teach.

  12. Environmental knowledge and attitudes and behaviours towards energy consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paço, Arminda; Lavrador, Tânia

    2017-07-15

    Numerous investigations have arisen in order to study and characterise environmentally friendly consumer profiles, with some authors applying the relationship between knowledge, attitudes and behaviour to this end. The present research approach, based upon the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), seeks to verify the existence of relationships between knowledge and attitudes and between knowledge and environmental behaviour. In this instance, data collection involved a questionnaire aimed at assessing the overall environmental knowledge of respondents as well as their attitudes and behaviours regarding energy issues (savings, consumption, interest, use). The results pointed to the lack of relationship between knowledge and attitudes, and between knowledge and behaviour whilst the relationship between attitudes and behaviour proved to be only weak. The results also found that males, older students and those studying Engineering and the Social and Human Sciences are those reporting higher levels of environmental knowledge. However, when it comes to attitudes and behaviours, females seem to display more awareness around these issues. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits of professional rugby league players: does knowledge translate into practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaunyte, Ieva; Perry, John L; Aubrey, Tony

    2015-01-01

    Adequate nutrient intake is important to support training and to optimise performance of elite athletes. Nutritional knowledge has been shown to play an important role in adopting optimal nutrition practices. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the level of nutritional knowledge and dietary habits in elite English rugby league players using the eatwell plate food categories. General nutritional knowledge questionnaires were collected during the Super League competitive season in the first team squad of 21 professional Rugby league players (mean age 25 ± 5 yrs, BMI 27 ± 2.4 kg/m2, experience in game 6 ± 4 yrs). According to their nutritional knowledge scores, the players were assigned to either good or poor nutritional knowledge group (n = 11, n = 10, respectively). Their dietary habits were assessment using a food frequency questionnaire. The findings revealed that nutritional knowledge was adequate (mean 72.82%) in this group of athletes with the highest scores in dietary advice section (85.71%), followed by food groups (71.24%) and food choice (69.52%). The majority of athletes were not aware of current carbohydrate recommendations. This translated into their dietary habits as many starchy and fibrous foods were consumed only occasionally by poor nutritional knowledge group. In terms of their eating habits, the good nutritional knowledge group consumed significantly more fruit and vegetables, and starchy foods (p Nutritional knowledge was positively correlated to fruit and vegetables consumption (rs = .52, p nutritional knowledge in professional rugby league players with the exception of recommendation for starchy and fibrous foods. Players who scored higher in nutritional knowledge test were more likely to consume more fruits, vegetables and carbohydrate-rich foods.

  14. Knowledge and attitude of primary health care staff screening and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Husniyah D. Qasem

    2012-08-23

    Aug 23, 2012 ... Objectives: Reveal the impact of knowledge and attitude of workers to screen for DV against women. Methods: An ... health organizations have endorsed the use of interventions such .... tic violence against women. Age ...

  15. Malaria in pregnancy: Knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malaria in pregnancy: Knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women in ... secondary school qualification (76.5%) attributed malaria more to mosquito bite. ... of doctors (4.0%) were the preferred method of prevention by women in the ...

  16. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in First Aid Management of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in First Aid Management of Epistaxis by Accident and ... Background: Epistaxis is one of the commonest emergencies in Accident ... The main source of information for first aid measures was the curriculum in ...

  17. Knowledge and attitude of Nigerian personnel working at Federal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and attitude of Nigerian personnel working at Federal Medical ... was carried out on personnel working at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Nigeria. ... Results: One hundred and seventy-six health workers participated, and 157 ...

  18. Measures of Knowledge and Attitude Toward Preventive Cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allred, Charlene A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The development and validation of an inventory of preventive cardiology at the University of Virginia is described. The inventory contains two instruments designed to measure medical students' preinstructional and postinstructional knowledge of and attitude toward preventive cardiology. (Author/MLW)

  19. Knowledge and attitudes of parents toward children with epilepsy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    shobha

    280 parents' knowledge and their attitude toward children suffering from epilepsy ... seizures which makes their teachers and fellow students uncomfortable with their presence in class. ... procedures in attending to a person during a seizure,.

  20. Knowledge, perception and attitude of infertile women in Benin City ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge, perception and attitude of infertile women in Benin City, Nigeria to the ... has revolutionalized the management of couples with long standing infertility. ... METHODS: This was a questionnaire based survey of 178 infertile patients ...

  1. Knowledge and attitude of nurses to Community Psychiatry services ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McRoy

    2014-07-26

    Jul 26, 2014 ... reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Knowledge and attitude .... psychiatric nursing evolved rapidly, and .... Procedure. Population from which sample was chosen. Sex. N. Marital status. N.

  2. Pesticide knowledge, practice and attitude and how it affects the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pesticide knowledge, practice and attitude and how it affects the health of ... Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a standardized questionnaire. ... symptoms of intoxication, personal protective equipment (PPE) and hygiene.

  3. Knowledge of, beliefs about and attitudes to disability: implications ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge of, beliefs about and attitudes to disability: implications for health professionals. ... South African Family Practice ... Results: While caregivers from coloured and white communities generally had become acquainted with disability ...

  4. Measures of Knowledge and Attitude Toward Preventive Cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allred, Charlene A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The development and validation of an inventory of preventive cardiology at the University of Virginia is described. The inventory contains two instruments designed to measure medical students' preinstructional and postinstructional knowledge of and attitude toward preventive cardiology. (Author/MLW)

  5. Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EB

    Methods: To assess students' knowledge and attitudes regarding infection prevention and control and their sources of .... health on a personal level as well as on macro-levels. .... Hand Hygiene- What are the indications for the use of alcohol-.

  6. Staff knowledge, attitudes and practices in public sector primary care ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of diabetic nephropathy_ Knowledge of appropriate care of patients with ... other staff; Ui~ attitudes to working with diabetic patients;. (iv) suggestions for ... skin; 80% of staff - heart. Cataracts and retinopathy were correctly identified as the.

  7. Knowledge, Attitude and Opinion of Drug Misuse and Abuse by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The second part described students' knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the identification, prevention .... the student to participate in the study and permission of the module lecturer ... Students were asked if they have ever attended any.

  8. Knowledge, attitude and practice of drug abuse among public ...

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    Knowledge, attitude and practice of drug abuse among public secondary school students in Lagos, Nigeria. ... Highland Medical Research Journal ... tobacco and other substances constitutes one of the most important risk–taking behaviour ...

  9. oral health related behaviour, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OBJECTIVES. To determine oral health related behavior, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs among secondary school ... necessary interventions that can be undertaken .... (t = -2.244, p value =0.025) .... Oral Hygiene Practices, Smoking Habits,.

  10. Gender difference of knowledge and attitude of primary health care ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saadoon F. Alazmy

    2011-09-07

    Sep 7, 2011 ... This can be reflected on attitude of both men and women towards domestic violence against women. ... over women, to the acceptance of violence as a conflict-resolu- ... Knowledge scale consisted of 23 items divided into four.

  11. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Medical Students Regarding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    appropriate practice toward infectious, occupational risks of. HBV. ... Keywords: Attitudes, Hepatitis B, Knowledge, Medical students, Saudi Arabia ..... this is a relatively small scale study among medical students .... Conflict of Interest: None.

  12. The knowledge attitude and practice regarding diabetes and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-11-05

    Nov 5, 2012 ... current knowledge (10 questions), attitude toward diabetic and diabetic ... while a five point Likert Type Scale was used to measure the degree of ..... Source of Support: Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, Conflict of. Interest: ...

  13. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Risk Factors for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vihar

    Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Risk Factors for. Hypertension in ... The common risk factors known were consumption of fatty food and stress. People who reported to be ..... Winter; 16(1):292-4. 6. Blood pressure survey in two.

  14. Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among health ... Background: Health Sciences students are exposed early to hospitals and to ... There was no significant difference in scores between sexes or location of the high ...

  15. Knowledge and attitude of health workers toward data collection ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and attitude of health workers toward data collection using the health management information system forms at the primary health care (PHC) centers in. ... Background: The collection and use of data as an interrelated process ...

  16. Informed consent: attitudes, knowledge and information concerning prenatal examination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Katja; Kesmodel, Ulrik; hvidman, lone

    2006-01-01

    Background: Providing women with information enabling an informed consent to prenatal examinations has been widely recommended. Objective: The primary purpose of this review is to summarise current knowledge of the pregnant woman's expectations and attitudes concerning prenatal examinations, as w...

  17. Gendered contexts: masculinity, knowledge, and attitudes toward biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Richard M

    2011-05-01

    Research into the public understanding of science has revealed that the effect of scientific knowledge on attitudes toward science is contextualized by gender; however there has not yet been an account of how gender contextualizes knowledge. This paper investigates how gender identification affects attitudes toward science, and tempers the effects of scientific knowledge on attitudes toward science. Utilizing data from the Eurobarometer 52.1, it is predicted that when males perceive a threat to their masculinity (as measured by a perceived threat to their financial security) they will become more likely to be aversive to biotechnology, and that increased levels of perceived threat will reduce the effects of knowledge on attitudes toward biotechnology. Moreover, it is predicted that these effects will be smaller than their female counterparts. All predictions are affirmed.

  18. Nutritional assessment of orthopaedic patients: knowledge test for nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Hristozova, Kalina

    2015-01-01

    Adequate nutrition during hospitalization is essential for the avoidance of postoperative complications and the overall improved patient outcome. Studies show high prevalence of malnutrition among orthopaedic patients. Nurses play key role in nutritional assessment and are responsible for the provision of good quality nutritional care. The purpose of this final project was to produce a knowledge test for nurses working in orthopaedic wards. The final project answered the study question: Wh...

  19. Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Mirfakhraei

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism.Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%. The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9; (c nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27; and (d eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8. A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively.Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035. The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66, 24.12 (SD=2.99, and 0.66 (SD=1.15 respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005 and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001.Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

  20. Study on knowledge,attitudes and use of the pre-packaged food nutrition labeling in Hangzhou supermarket consumers in 2010%杭州市超市消费者预包装食品营养标签行为流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪志恒; 王胜锋; 刘淼; 杨雅平; 陈勇; 刘庆敏; 任艳军; 吕筠; 李立明

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解杭州市超市消费者对预包装食品营养标签的认知、态度、行为的现状及其影响因素.方法 采用自行拟定的调查量表,选取杭州市某大型超市,随机抽取顾客进行面对面访谈.结果 在访谈的586(男202、女384)人中,平均年龄(41.6±17.23)岁.消费者对6种营养素的模拟购物题应答正确率依次为膳食纤维(71.84%)、脂肪(70.99%)、钙(60.75%)、盐(58.36%)、能量(50.85%)和糖(39.42%);对标识营养成分表、营养声称和希望了解相关知识的3个态度指标中,认同率分别为90.44%、87.03%和77.13%;对首次购买某食品阅读营养成分表和营养标签的2个行为指标中,阅读率分别为58.36%和80.03%.经logistic建模分析,男性、青少年、低教育人群是营养标签阅读行为的危险因素.结论 消费者营养标签阅读、理解和正确应用营养标签的能力不高,亟待改进营养标签与声称的可读性和权威性,应制定全国营养知识健康教育规划.%Objective To study the prevalence rates of knowledge,attitudes and use of the nutrition labeling and related influential factors in Hangzhou supermarket consumers.Methods Using a self-developed survey questionnaire,randomly selected customers were conducted a face-toface interview program in a large supermarket of Hangzhou city.Results 586 people were interviewed,including 202 males and 384 females,with the mean age as 41.6±17.23 years.The Facts Labels'were as follows:dietary fiber(71.84%),fat(70.99%),calcium(60.75%),salt (58.36%),energy(50.85%)and sugar(39.42%).The support rates of the three attitudes indicators were"support marking the Nutrition Facts Label"(90.44%)."support marking the nutrition claims"(87.03%)and"want to know more relative knowledge"(77.13%).There were 58.36% and 80.03%first-time buyers who would read the Nutrition Facts Food Labels and the Nutrition Claims.Through logistic model analysis,male,youth,low-educated people were found to be the risk

  1. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice between Medical and Non-Medical Sciences Students about Food Labeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Malek Mahdavi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Considering the significant role of consumers’ awareness about food labels in making healthy food choices, this study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and prac-tice of university students about food labeling.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 332 students aged 18-25 yr in five different academic ma-jors (including Nutrition, Public Health, Health Services Administration, Paramedical and En-gineering were asked to complete an approved questionnaire contained fifteen questions. The chi-square test was applied to examine the differences across various major groups.Results: 89.2% of the students believed that food labels had effect on nutritional awareness. 77.4% were agreed with the usefulness of the food labels and 79.2% did not feel that nutrition claims on food label were truthful. For 84% of students, the expiry date and storage conditions information were the most important informational cues to appear on the food labels. From 47.6% of students who reported the use of nutrition facts label in their often or always shopping; only 32.3% used the information on labels to fit the food into their daily diet. Surprisingly, fatty acids were the least noteworthy items (1.9% on nutrition facts labels. Regarding students’ major, there was significant difference in their knowledge, attitude and practice about truth of the nutri-tion claims, using food labels and importance of health claims (P<0.05.Conclusion: Food labels were more useful tools for students and had an effect on their nutri-tional awareness. Designing and implementation of the educational programs in order to increase the level of knowledge about food labels is suggested.

  2. A novel school-based intervention to improve nutrition knowledge in children: cluster randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ong Ken K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Improving nutrition knowledge among children may help them to make healthier food choices. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of a novel educational intervention to increase nutrition knowledge among primary school children. Methods We developed a card game 'Top Grub' and a 'healthy eating' curriculum for use in primary schools. Thirty-eight state primary schools comprising 2519 children in years 5 and 6 (aged 9-11 years were recruited in a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. The main outcome measures were change in nutrition knowledge scores, attitudes to healthy eating and acceptability of the intervention by children and teachers. Results Twelve intervention and 13 control schools (comprising 1133 children completed the trial. The main reason for non-completion was time pressure of the school curriculum. Mean total nutrition knowledge score increased by 1.1 in intervention (baseline to follow-up: 28.3 to 29.2 and 0.3 in control schools (27.3 to 27.6. Total nutrition knowledge score at follow-up, adjusted for baseline score, deprivation, and school size, was higher in intervention than in control schools (mean difference = 1.1; 95% CI: 0.05 to 2.16; p = 0.042. At follow-up, more children in the intervention schools said they 'are currently eating a healthy diet' (39.6% or 'would try to eat a healthy diet' (35.7% than in control schools (34.4% and 31.7% respectively; chi-square test p Conclusions The 'Top Grub' card game facilitated the enjoyable delivery of nutrition education in a sample of UK primary school age children. Further studies should determine whether improvements in nutrition knowledge are sustained and lead to changes in dietary behaviour.

  3. Knowledge and belief of nursing mothers on nutritional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and belief of nursing mothers on nutritional management of acute ... Relatives and health care providers were the sources of advice on food ... and this has been found to be deficient among caregivers in the family setting.

  4. Initial investigation of nutrition and supplement use, knowledge and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The elite U16 rugby players in this study lacked comprehensive sports nutritional knowledge, yet had an overly positive ..... as the relationship between dietary education .... marketing and production of supplements, aggressive marketing and.

  5. Assessment of Nutritional Status and Knowledge of Students from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Assessment of Nutritional Status and Knowledge of Students from Selected ... school students in Nigeria attending Federal Government College and State ... The overall performance of the female students was significantly higher (χ2 = 46.386; ...

  6. The effect of a nutrition education program on the nutritional knowledge, hemoglobin levels, and nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Jean Burley; Pawloski, Lisa; Rodriguez, Claudia; Lumbi, Laura; Ailinger, Rita

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a community-based nutrition education program on the nutritional knowledge, hemoglobin levels, and nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls and the nutritional knowledge of their mothers. Self-care deficit nursing theory was used in this study. This longitudinal study used a mixed quantitative/qualitative design to study the effect of the nutrition education program. The nonprobability sample consisted of 182 adolescent girls and 67 of their mothers. The setting for the study was a community (barrio) in Managua, Nicaragua. INTERVENTION/MEASUREMENT: A team of nurse and nutrition researchers created the nutrition education program designed to improve girls' and mother's nutrition-related self-care operations. Data collection was carried out for 4 years for girls and 2 years for mothers in Managua, Nicaragua, using questionnaires, a HemoCue, and anthropometric measures. The findings of this study were that girls' and mothers' nutritional knowledge scores significantly improved in most cases after participation in the nutrition intervention program. Girls' hemoglobin levels did not significantly improve and their nutritional status findings were mixed. Girls and mothers described what dietary changes girls made and why.

  7. Nutritional Habits & Knowledge in the Division I Collegiate Football Player

    OpenAIRE

    Hale, Mallory

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Athlete’s nutritional habits and knowledge can directly affect their performance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nutritional habits and knowledge of the Division I collegiate football player. Methods: The participants of this study are male Division I college football players at Utah State University. The athletes included 45 players ranging from 18-26 and include freshman through seniors. Results: Over eighty six percent of the athletes were unaware that a ...

  8. High School Football Players' Knowledge and Attitudes About Concussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Brit L; Gittelman, Michael A; Mann, Jessica K; Cyriac, RoseAnn L; Pomerantz, Wendy J

    2016-05-01

    To assess high school (HS) football players' knowledge of concussions and to determine whether increased knowledge is correlated with better attitudes toward reporting concussion symptoms and abstaining from play. Two survey tools were used to assess athletes' knowledge and attitudes about concussions. Surveys collected information about demographics, knowledge about concussions, and attitudes about playing sports after a concussion. All athletes present completed one of the 2 surveys. A knowledge and attitude score for each survey was calculated. Frequencies and mean values were used to characterize the population; regression analysis, analysis of variance, and t tests were used to look for associations. A football camp for HS athletes in the Cincinnati area. Male HS football players from competitive football programs in the Cincinnati area. None. Scores on knowledge and attitude sections; responses to individual questions. One hundred twenty (100%) athletes were enrolled although not every athlete responded to every question. Thirty (25%) reported history of a concussion; 82 (70%) reported receiving prior concussion education. More than 75% correctly recognized all concussion symptoms that were asked, except "feeling in a fog" [n = 63 (53%)]. One hundred nine (92%) recognized a risk of serious injury if they return to play too quickly. Sixty-four (54%) athletes would report symptoms of a concussion to their coach; 62 (53%) would continue to play with a headache from an injury. There was no association between knowledge score and attitude score (P = 0.08). Despite having knowledge about the symptoms and danger of concussions, many HS football athletes in our sample did not have a positive attitude toward reporting symptoms or abstaining from play after a concussion. Physicians should be aware that young athletes may not report concussion symptoms.

  9. Nutritional knowledge of women with breast cancer and its relationship with nutritional status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Sarkis Sedó

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the nutritional knowledge of women with breast cancer on the dietdisease interface and its association with nutritional status. Methods: Observational, crosssectional and analytical study, conducted between June and September 2011, with 59 women diagnosed with breast cancer, undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment, older than 19, who did not receive prior nutritional counseling. Vegetarian women or those whose treatment had been completed more than two years prior to the study were not included. The patients were treated at a cancer care reference center, in Fortaleza-CE. Clinical and socioeconomic data was collected through direct interview and searching in medical records. The assessment of nutritional knowledge (NK was performed with the Nutrition Knowledge Scale, developed by the National Health Interview Survey Cancer Epidemiology, validated for Brazil, applied by a trained interviewer. Nutritional status was assessed through body mass index (BMI and waist circumference. Data was analyzed statistically by SPSS 16.0. Results: Among 59 patients evaluated, 18 (30.5% women had a limited knowledge of the diet-disease association. The mean BMI was 29 kg/m2 (± 4.4 and 47 (79.7% women presented excessive weight (overweight or obesity. There was no correlation between nutritional knowledge and BMI (p = 0.64. Nutrition knowledge scores were similar among patients with overweight and normal weight (p = 0.89. Conclusion: Women in this study had a limited knowledge of the interface between diet and disease, were overweight, but there was no correlation between their nutritional knowledge and nutritional status.

  10. Nutritional knowledge of women with breast cancer and its relationship with nutritional status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Sarkis Sedó

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the nutritional knowledge of women with breast cancer on the dietdisease interface and its association with nutritional status. Methods: Observational, crosssectional and analytical study, conducted between June and September 2011, with 59 women diagnosed with breast cancer, undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment, older than 19, who did not receive prior nutritional counseling. Vegetarian women or those whose treatment had been completed more than two years prior to the study were not included. The patients were treated at a cancer care reference center, in Fortaleza-CE. Clinical and socioeconomic data was collected through direct interview and searching in medical records. The assessment of nutritional knowledge (NK was performed with the Nutrition Knowledge Scale, developed by the National Health Interview Survey Cancer Epidemiology, validated for Brazil, applied by a trained interviewer. Nutritional status was assessed through body mass index (BMI and waist circumference. Data was analyzed statistically by SPSS 16.0. Results: Among 59 patients evaluated, 18 (30.5% women had a limited knowledge of the diet-disease association. The mean BMI was 29 kg/m2 (± 4.4 and 47 (79.7% women presented excessive weight (overweight or obesity. There was no correlation between nutritional knowledge and BMI (p = 0.64. Nutrition knowledge scores were similar among patients with overweight and normal weight (p = 0.89. Conclusion: Women in this study had a limited knowledge of the interface between diet and disease, were overweight, but there was no correlation between their nutritional knowledge and nutritional status.

  11. [The assessment of nutritional knowledge of persons with eating disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czarnewicz-Kamińska, Aleksandra; Gronowska-Senger, Anna

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of this work was to examine the level of nutritional knowledge of persons with eating disorders. The study was performed in the group of 60 persons (30 persons diagnosed with anorexia nervosa and 30 persons with diagnosis bulimia nervosa) and 60 controls. We found that ill persons possess the higher level of nutritional knowledge than person from the control group, yet the average of correct answers amounted to 51%. Our results point to the necessity of nutritional education in persons with eating disorders.

  12. Knowledge of Physicial Education Students on Sports Nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Vasiljević

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Sports nutrition has a direct impact on the present physical condition of the body or the physical preparation of the athletes depends on the nutritional status of athletes engaged. The sample was composed of 18 students of specialized postgraduate studies of Physical Culture Faculty of Sports and Physical Education from Niksic. When we consider the results as a whole, it can be concluded that the students' knowledge of sports nutrition at a very satisfactory level, especially when comparing results with previous research knowledge athletes and coaches on sports nutrition. From a total of 360 responses was achieved 310 correct answers, or 86.1%. No matter how talented athletes in the sport they practice or train, motivated and well trained, the line between defeat and victory is usually very thin, and as the most important link imposes a sports nutrition. Results of an athlete and that you can depend on quality, quantity and time entries diet.

  13. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards Medication Use among Health Care Students in King Saud University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah T. Eissa

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health sciences students are expected to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes toward medication use. However, literary evidence of such expertise among health sciences students of King Saud University is unknown. This study was completed to assess the knowledge about medicines and behavior of health science students towards safe use of medications. It also aims to assess the health knowledge, attitude and practices of the students. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire consisting of 24 questions. This was administered by the researcher between October and December 2009 in the colleges of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, applied medical science and nursing of the King Saud University. The survey consisted of three parts: Ten questions assessed the students’ knowledge on drug safety (Part 1. Four questions assessed student attitude toward medication consultations by the pharmacist (Part 2 and ten questions involved medication use practices and consultation with pharmacists (Part 3. A stratified sampling method was used to select participants. Results: Pharmacy students had better medication knowledge compared to other health sciences students especially regarding antihypertensive drugs, antibiotics, paracetamol and antacids (p<0.05. Pharmacy students showed a positive attitude regarding the trustworthiness of a pharmacist to give a consultation. Nearly all other health science students showed a negative attitude about dispensing and consultation concerning nutritional supplements by a pharmacist. All health sciences students had a similar perception toward medication use and practice. Conclusion Pharmacy students had better knowledge about medication practice compared to other health sciences students. All other health sciences students lacked the appropriate attitude and practice related to the safe use of medications.

  14. 海南黎族地区中学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查分析%Survey on the nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior of the middle school students in Hainan Li-nationality areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳贤勤; 史金端; 黄惠宇; 陈燕秋

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解海南黎族地区中学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为(K-A-B)正答率的情况,为进一步开展营养宣传教育工作提供科学依据.方法 采取分层整群抽样法,于2010 年1~6 月抽取海南省五指山市、白沙县、陵水县、乐东县、昌江县5 个市县10 所中学12~18岁中学生1 254 名,进行K-A-B正答率调查.结果 海南黎族地区中学生获得营养健康知识的途径比较多,其中从报刊、杂志、教科书等书籍上获得营养健康知识的人数最多(占83.6%);海南黎族女中学生K-A-B 正答率均高于男生,但差异无统计学意义;城市学生K-A-B 正答率高于农村学生,并在营养知识方面差异显著;干部、工人和农民的K-A-B正答率依次减少,但差异无统计学意义;黎族学生K-A-B正答率普遍低于汉族学生,且在营养知识方面差异有统计学意义.结论 海南黎族地区中学生营养知识水平普遍较低,存在一定的城乡间、民族间及男女间差异.在加强宣传和普及该地区中学生的营养健康知识教育的过程中,应注重让知识转化为行为.%Objective To understand the correct answer rate of the middle school students' nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior (K-A-B) in Hainan Li nationality areas, in order to provide a scientific basis for further nutrition education. Methods From January 2010 to June 2010, a survey on the correct answer rate of K-A-B was conducted in 1 254 students aged 12-18 from of 10 middle schools from Wuzhishan City, Baisha County, Lingshui County, Ledong County, Changjiang County in Hainan Province, with stratified cluster sampling. Results The middle school students in Hainan Li nationality areas gained nutrition health knowledge from various channels, mostly newspapers, magazines, and textbooks (83.6%). The correct answer rate of K-A-B was higher in female middle school students than male middle school students, but the difference was not statistically significant

  15. English professional football players concussion knowledge and attitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joshua M. Williams; Jody L. Langdon; James L. McMillan; Thomas A. Buckley

    2016-01-01

    Background: Concussions are a common pathology in football and multiple misconceptions exist amongst the players and managers. To address these misconceptions, and potentially reduce concussion associated sequela, effective educational interventions need to be developed. However, the current knowledge and attitude status must be ascertained to appropriately develop these interventions. The purpose of this study was to assess the concussion knowledge and attitude of English professional footballers. Methods: Twenty-six participants from one English Football League Championship club completed the study. A mixed methods approach included the Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitudes Survey (RoCKAS) and a semi-structured interview. The RoCKAS contains separate knowledge (0–25) and attitude (15–75) scores and was followed by a semi-structured interview consisting of concussion knowledge, attitude, and behavior related questions. Results: The mean score on the RoCKAS knowledge was 16.4 ± 2.9 (range 11–22) and the attitude score was 59.6 ± 8.5 (range 41–71). The interview responses identified inconsistencies between the RoCKAS and the intended behaviors, endorsing multiple concussion misconceptions, and revealed barriers to concussion reporting. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that Championship Level English footballers have moderate concussion knowledge, safe attitudes, and good concussion symptom recognition when assessed with pen and paper questionnaires. However, within the semi-structured interview many respondents reported unsafe concussion behaviors despite accurately identifying the potential risks. Further, multiple barriers to concussion reporting were identified which included perceived severity of the injury, game situations, and the substitution rule. These findings can help form the foundation of educational interventions to potentially improve concussion reporting behaviors amongst professional footballers.

  16. Eating behavior and nutrition knowledge among musical theatre students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitzthum, Karin; Endres, Eva; Koch, Franziska; Groneberg, David A; Quarcoo, David; Wanke, Eileen; Mache, Stefanie

    2013-03-01

    Eating is a central part in human (social) life. Athletic performance and physical attractiveness are linked to appropriate nutritional behavior, especially for performing artists. Eating behavior and nutrition knowledge have not been examined in musical theatre students so far, which this study aims to analyze. We administered a cross-sectional questionnaire study to 37 musical theatre students. Results for the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) showed non-pathological values for 92% of all participants, but 81% of participants answered correctly on only 30-59% of questions on the General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ). Our study results reveal the need for specific nutritional knowledge transfer programs for this target group.

  17. College Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors regarding Sex and Contraceptives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toews, Michelle L.; Yazedjian, Ani

    2012-01-01

    This study examined gender differences in college students' knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors of 1,004 predominantly heterosexual students. Results indicated that students had limited knowledge about contraceptives and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Females had a more positive view about contraceptives and males had more…

  18. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding iodine among patients ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: hyperthyroidism; iodine; iodised salt; knowledge-attitude-practice study; South Africa ... that IIH may occur even when the total amount of iodine intake is ... knowledge of iodine, as well as of the storage of iodised salt, and this could have ... the public, is recommended to ensure sustainable elimination of iodine ...

  19. Knowledge and attitudes of parents toward children with epilepsy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    shobha

    280 parents' knowledge and their attitude toward children suffering from ... Results: A total of 914 neurological patients were seen and treated during the ... The knowledge about the clinical characteristics and initial procedures to attend a person ... Other causes include genetic syndromes, and cerebrovascular diseases.[1].

  20. Diet inequality prevails among consumers interested and knowledgeable in nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Håkansson, Andreas; Andersson, Håkan S; Granfeldt, Yvonne

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated a correlation between diet cost and adherence to nutritional recommendations among consumers in general. This has adverse effects on diet and health inequality. It could be hypothesized that consumers knowledgeable in nutrition escape this correlation. Investigate whether the previously observed relationship between diet cost and nutritional quality prevails among consumers with an above-average interest in and knowledge of nutrition. Full open diet registrations of 330 students taking a basic university-level course in nutrition over a total of 780 days. The consumers with the highest daily average diet cost differ from the lowest cost quartile: The diets had higher micronutrient density, more fruits and vegetables, and lower energy density. The highest cost daily diet quartile had a significantly higher energy adjusted intake of the micronutrients that were on average consumed below the recommendation (vitamin D, folate, and iron for women). On the other hand, alcohol intake was significantly higher among the high diet cost group. The highest diet cost respondents consumed more fish, meat, coffee, and spreads, whereas the lowest diet cost respondents had a higher consumption of cereals, bread, jam, sausage, and milk. Dietary differences prevail even in the above-average interested and knowledgeable group. The respondents did not use their higher level of knowledge to break this commonly observed relationship. This suggests that an increased minimum level of knowledge in nutrition may not by itself eliminate dietary inequality.

  1. Diet inequality prevails among consumers interested and knowledgeable in nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Håkansson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a correlation between diet cost and adherence to nutritional recommendations among consumers in general. This has adverse effects on diet and health inequality. It could be hypothesized that consumers knowledgeable in nutrition escape this correlation. Objective: Investigate whether the previously observed relationship between diet cost and nutritional quality prevails among consumers with an above-average interest in and knowledge of nutrition. Design: Full open diet registrations of 330 students taking a basic university-level course in nutrition over a total of 780 days. Results: The consumers with the highest daily average diet cost differ from the lowest cost quartile: The diets had higher micronutrient density, more fruits and vegetables, and lower energy density. The highest cost daily diet quartile had a significantly higher energy adjusted intake of the micronutrients that were on average consumed below the recommendation (vitamin D, folate, and iron for women. On the other hand, alcohol intake was significantly higher among the high diet cost group. The highest diet cost respondents consumed more fish, meat, coffee, and spreads, whereas the lowest diet cost respondents had a higher consumption of cereals, bread, jam, sausage, and milk. Conclusions: Dietary differences prevail even in the above-average interested and knowledgeable group. The respondents did not use their higher level of knowledge to break this commonly observed relationship. This suggests that an increased minimum level of knowledge in nutrition may not by itself eliminate dietary inequality.

  2. Female genital mutilation (FGM): Australian midwives' knowledge and attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogunsiji, Olayide

    2015-01-01

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a women's health and human rights issue attracting global interest. My purpose in this qualitative study was to report the knowledge and attitudes of Australian midwives toward FGM. Verbatim transcription and thematic analysis of semistructured interviews with 11 midwives resulted in these themes: knowledge of female genital mutilation and attitude toward female genital mutilation. Significant gaps in knowledge about FGM featured prominently. The midwives expressed anger toward FGM and empathy for affected women. Recommendations include increased information on FGM and associated legislation among midwives and other health providers in countries where FGM may be encountered.

  3. Public knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic use in South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, So Sun; Moon, Seongmi; Kim, Eun Jung

    2011-12-01

    This study was conducted to examine public level of knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic use and potential drug resistance. A cross-sectional face-to-face survey of 1,177 residents aged 18 or over was conducted in Korea. A quota sampling method was used. Most respondents (70%) did not know that antibiotics are ineffective in treating coughs and colds. Two-thirds of the respondents were unaware of the conditions under which antibiotic resistance occurs, despite understanding the concept of resistance. Lower education level and older age were independently associated with inadequate knowledge. Lower education level, older age, inadequate knowledge and no exposure to the education campaign were independently associated with poor attitude. The results of this study demonstrate that the general public has misunderstandings and a lack of knowledge with regard to antibiotic use, despite a national educational campaign. However, the campaign may have had an effect on the public's attitudes towards antibiotics.

  4. [Gender violence: Knowledge and attitudes of nurses in Primary Care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdés Sánchez, Carmen Ana; García Fernández, Carla; Sierra Díaz, Ángela

    2016-12-01

    To determine the knowledge and attitudes of nurses in Primary Care as regards gender violence and their relationship with socio-demographic factors and cases detected. Cross-sectional, descriptive study. Urban health centres. A total of 167 nurses working in Primary Care. A questionnaire was used that included questions related to knowledge, knowledge perception and attitudes to gender violence attitudes. Variables such as age, gender, marital status, work place and health area were also analysed. The response rate was 114 (68.26%). The percentage of correct responses in the knowledge questions was 62.2%, with a medium level of knowledge being observed. Married nurses or couples living in a stable relationship obtained a higher score (95.2%, P=.077). The low detection (29%) is associated with marital status (P=.004), low knowledge (P=0,008), low knowledge perception (P=.001), lack of training (P=.03) and non-implementation of the gender violence protocol (P=.001). Nurses with low self-perception of their knowledge implement the protocol less often (OR=0.26; 95% CI: 0.1-0.7), and they consider that the lack of training is the main problem in determining the diagnosis (OR=11.24; 95% CI: 1.5-81.1). The level of knowledge was adequate. Nurses have a lack of confidence in terms of their knowledge about gender violence. The detection and diagnosis attitudes are more related to self-perception of levels of knowledge than their real knowledge. Marital status influences the level of knowledge. Professionals state that the lack of training is the main problem to give an efficient healthcare response. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Workplace nutrition knowledge questionnaire: psychometric validation and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guadagnin, Simone C; Nakano, Eduardo Y; Dutra, Eliane S; de Carvalho, Kênia M B; Ito, Marina K

    2016-11-01

    Workplace dietary intervention studies in low- and middle-income countries using psychometrically sound measures are scarce. This study aimed to validate a nutrition knowledge questionnaire (NQ) and its utility in evaluating the changes in knowledge among participants of a Nutrition Education Program (NEP) conducted at the workplace. A NQ was tested for construct validity, internal consistency and discriminant validity. It was applied in a NEP conducted at six workplaces, in order to evaluate the effect of an interactive or a lecture-based education programme on nutrition knowledge. Four knowledge domains comprising twenty-three items were extracted in the final version of the NQ. Internal consistency of each domain was significant, with Kuder-Richardson formula values>0·60. These four domains presented a good fit in the confirmatory factor analysis. In the discriminant validity test, both the Expert and Lay groups scored>0·52, but the Expert group scores were significantly higher than those of the Lay group in all domains. When the NQ was applied in the NEP, the overall questionnaire scores increased significantly because of the NEP intervention, in both groups (Pnutrition knowledge among participants of NEP at the workplace. According to the NQ, an interactive nutrition education had a higher impact on nutrition knowledge than a lecture programme.

  6. Effects of Nutrition Health Intervention on Pupils' Nutrition Knowledge and Eating Habits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raiha, Teija; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Enkenberg, Jorma; Kiviniemi, Vesa

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of nutrition health intervention on pupils' nutrition knowledge and eating habits from grade seven to grade nine. The study was part of the ENHPS (since 2008, Schools for Health in Europe (SHE)) program in Finland, and more specifically its sub-project titled "From Puijo to the…

  7. Knowledge, attitudes towards and acceptability of genetic modification in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoph, Inken B; Bruhn, Maike; Roosen, Jutta

    2008-07-01

    Genetic modification remains a controversial issue. The aim of this study is to analyse the attitudes towards genetic modification, the knowledge about it and its acceptability in different application areas among German consumers. Results are based on a survey from spring 2005. An exploratory factor analysis is conducted to identify the attitudes towards genetic modification. The identified factors are used in a cluster analysis that identified a cluster of supporters, of opponents and a group of indifferent consumers. Respondents' knowledge of genetics and biotechnology differs among the found clusters without revealing a clear relationship between knowledge and support of genetic modification. The acceptability of genetic modification varies by application area and cluster, and genetically modified non-food products are more widely accepted than food products. The perception of personal health risks has high explanatory power for attitudes and acceptability.

  8. Adverse Drug Reactions: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pharmacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Etminani-Isfahani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and contribute to excessive health care costs. Detection and reporting of ADRs could decrease these consequences. The present study was designed to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP of pharmacy students towards ADRs monitoring and reporting.Methods: A questionnaire was prepared to investigate the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP of pharmacy students regarding ADR reporting. The questionnaire consisting of 17 questions (7 questions on knowledge, 5 on attitudes and 5 on practice were given to pharmacy students randomly.Results: A total of 71 respondents participated in the study. 70% of participants had favorable general knowledge about ADRs but more than 60% of their professional knowledge was not satisfying. 60% of respondent believed that educational intervention will improve participating of health care professional in ADRs reporting. 63% of respondent observed ADRs cases but about 95% of them had never reported an ADR.Conclusion: In overall, pharmacy students have poor knowledge, attitude and practice towards ADRs reporting and pharmacovigilance. This suggests the need of suitable changes in the undergraduate teaching curriculum and additional training among the students regarding ADRs.

  9. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior of Nigerian Students Toward Organ Donation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, M; Randhawa, G

    2017-10-01

    The Nigerian transplantation program is evolving but is currently over-reliant on living donors. If deceased donation is to be viable in Nigeria, it is important to ascertain the views of the public. The objective of the study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Nigerian international students toward organ donation. A cross-sectional study was conducted among Nigerian international students of the University of Bedfordshire through the use of a modified self-administered questionnaire. The participants were recruited by means of purposive sampling. Of the 110 questionnaires distributed, 103 were returned fully completed (response rate = 93.6%). A significant majority (93.2%) of the participants are aware of organ donation, and 76.7% have a good knowledge on the subject. Furthermore, more than half (52.8%) of the participants have a positive attitude toward organ donation, and less than half (42.8%) have favorable behavior toward it. Higher knowledge does not correlate to either positive attitude or behavior, but a positive attitude is correlated with favorable behavior toward donation. The attitudes and behavior of the respondents toward organ donation is not commensurate with the level of knowledge they possess. This highlights the urgent need for well-structured educational programs on deceased organ donation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Teacher Attitudes, Perceived Influences, and Self-Reported Classroom Behaviors Related to School Nutrition Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girard, Beverly Lawler

    2010-01-01

    This study determined attitudes of kindergarten through fifth grade teachers about school nutrition environments, their perceived influence on school nutrition environments, and self-reported classroom behaviors. Specific objectives were to: (a) identify perceived factors that influence the school nutrition environment, according to teachers…

  11. Effect of Digital Nutrition Education Intervention on the Nutritional Knowledge Levels of Information Technology Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Priya; Rani, M Usha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study. The intervention study group received nutrition education by distribution of the developed CD-ROMs to them followed by interactive sessions. To assess the impact of nutrition education intervention, the knowledge assessment questionnaire (KAQ) was developed and administered before and after the education programme. A significant improvement in the mean nutritional knowledge scores was observed among the total study subjects from 22.30 to 40.55 after the intervention (p nutrition knowledge to promote healthy dietary behaviors.Thus, the method of e-learning and development of CD-Rom is essential for teaching the educated groups on nutrition, physical activity and overall health education to improve their health, lifestyle and eating habits.

  12. Maternal Knowledge and Attitude toward Exclusive Breastfeeding in Six Months after Birth in Shiraz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Haghighi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background To develop the culture of breastfeeding, it is needed to know the level of maternal knowledge. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate maternal knowledge and attitude toward exclusive breastfeeding in six months after birth in Shiraz, Iran. Materials and Methods This was a cross-sectional study carried out on mothers who referred to health centers. Four health centers were selected from four geographic areas of Shiraz city; finally, 201 mothers was selected and their demographic information and knowledge and attitude toward exclusive breastfeeding were gathered through a researcher made questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 14.0.  Results 201 mothers who were 18-45 years old were studied. 43% of them were 30-34 years old. 46% of maternal education level was bachelor andMaster of Science or more and 80% of them were housewives. Their level of knowledge was low (69.2%, moderate (11.4% and high (19.4% respectively. Regarding the level of attitude 11.4% of them were low, 15.4% of them were moderate and the others were high. There was a significant relationship between maternal knowledge with parents’ education and infants’ nutrition (breastfeeding (P

  13. [Obesity, eating habits and nutritional knowledge among school children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triches, Rozane Márcia; Giugliani, Elsa Regina Justo

    2005-08-01

    To evaluate the association between obesity and eating habits and nutritional knowledge among schoolchildren. Weight and height were measured in 573 schoolchildren of public schools in two cities of State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. Obesity was defined as Body Mass Index above the 95th percentile based on the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) criteria. Eating habits and nutrition knowledge were evaluated using a self-administered questionnaire. Simple and adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess associations. Obesity among children was found to be associated with limited nutrition knowledge and unhealthy eating and habits. These children were five times more likely to be obese (OR=5.3;1.1-24.9). The level of knowledge affects the association between obesity and eating habits, and there's reason to suspect that children who have more nutrition knowledge report habits known to be healthier but not necessarily the ones they actually practice. Taking into account children's level of knowledge, unhealthy habits were strongly associated to obesity.

  14. Survey on Attitudes and Medical Knowledge at Hospital Palliative Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Rafael López Sánchez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Palliative care is defined as the total active care of patients whose disease is not responsive to curative treatment, therefore this study aims to identify the level of attitudes and knowledge in palliative care hospital with high level of complexity. Materials and methods: Observational, cross-sectional method; using a validated survey. It was self-supplied via web. Per­spective practice, knowledge degree, comfort level, perspective relevance and appropriateness of the respondents (doctors in palliative care were assessed. General characteristics, reliability and scores per item and domain were described. Results: 145 physicians, mostly males, were surveyed, most of them with 0-5 years of professional practice and working in the emergency department (51.03 %. Appropriate reliability coefficients were found; overall level of attitudes and knowledge of palliative care was 59.09 points out of 100; lowest score domains were the prospects suitabil­ity (40.73 points and practice (47.04 points. Conclusions: The survey showed moderate to low degrees in attitudes and knowledge, the weakest points were practical perspective and expertise in decision-making. Training aimed at establishing prognosis and improving decision making as to referring to palliative care service must be carried out. Survey results of inspection after train­ing will allow an assessment of the improvements in knowledge and attitudes of palliative care.

  15. Nutrition knowledge: application and perception of food labels among women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Afsane; Torkamani, Pariya; Sohrabi, Zahra; Ghahremani, Fariba

    2013-12-15

    Knowing the level of consumers' nutritional knowledge is useful for promoting dietary habits. The aim of this study was to assess women's nutritional knowledge and their food label perception and their correlates. Three hundred and eighty Women referring to four large supermarkets in Shiraz were selected for this study. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. The NKQ questionnaire was used for designing the study questionnaire. The first part contained demographic characteristics and the second section encompassed questions related to nutritional knowledge of consumers about food components. The third part consisted of questions about labeling. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16. ANOVA and t-test were used for analyzing multi-variant variables. Chi-square test was used for evaluating the relationship between variables. 49.7% of the participants were healthy and others had chronic diseases. The mean score of the women's nutrition knowledge was 20.13 (from 24) and the average knowledge of women about food components were near 50%. Consumers' information about food labels application was less than 50% for all situations. The lowest use of labels was about low-salt labels and the highest for calorie content of foods. There was a significant relationship between educational status and food label use and also a significant relationship between information about added sugar and using low-sugar labels and between knowledge about low-salt foods and using low-salt labels. A significant relationship was also seen between knowledge about fat and cholesterol use for low fat foods. So, label application was correlated with educational level and nutritional knowledge of women.

  16. Nutritional knowledge in hemodialysis patients and nurses: focus on phosphorus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupisti, Adamasco; Ferretti, Valerio; D'Alessandro, Claudia; Petrone, Isabella; Di Giorgio, Adriana; Meola, Mario; Panichi, Vincenzo; Conti, Paolo; Lippi, Alberto; Caprioli, Raffaele; Capitanini, Alessandro

    2012-11-01

    To assess the knowledge of adult hemodialysis patients and nurses working in dialysis units, specifically with regard to knowledge of phosphorus and other nutrients related to dietary management of end-stage renal disease. Cross-sectional cohort study. Hemodialysis unit. One hundred ninety-one hemodialysis patients and 105 dialysis nurses, as well as 86 control hospital employees who are not health professionals. Nutritional knowledge was assessed by a 25-item chronic kidney disease knowledge assessment tool for nutrition, which includes 15 questions on phosphorus and 10 questions on protein, sodium, and potassium knowledge. The scores obtained by patients were much lower than those of nurses (11.6 ± 3.9 vs. 16.0 ± 2.2, P 5.5 mg/dL showed chronic kidney disease knowledge assessment tool for nutrition scores similar to those of patients with a serum phosphorus level nurses (55.6% ± 11.1% vs. 74.8% ± 11.7%, P nutritional knowledge of hemodialysis patients, although higher than the general population, is lower for phosphorus with respect to the other nutrients, such as protein, sodium, and potassium. This occurs even in patients with hyperphosphatemia or those taking phosphate binder medications. Nurses showed the best scores; however, improvement is necessary, especially with regard to knowledge of phosphorus. Training programs on nutrition for nurses and on information for patients should be implemented. They can contribute to achievement of a more effective control of phosphate balance, reduction of costs, and improvement of the quality of care for hemodialysis patients. Copyright © 2012 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and attitude among general dentists in Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkandari, Sarah A.; Alyahya, Lolwa; Abdulwahab, Mohammed

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dentists as health care providers should maintain a competence in resuscitation. This cannot be overemphasized by the fact that the population in our country is living longer with an increasing proportion of medically compromised persons in the general population. This preliminary study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of general dentists towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 250 licensed general dental practitioners working in ministry of health. Data were obtained through electronic self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographic data of general dentists, and their experience, attitude and knowledge about CPR based on the 2010 American Heart Association guidelines update for CPR. RESULTS: Totally 208 general dentists took part in the present study giving a response rate of 83.2%. Only 36% of the participants demonstrated high knowledge on CPR, while 64% demonstrated low knowledge. Participants’ age, gender, nationality, years of experience, career hierarchy, and formal CPR training were associated significantly with CPR knowledge. Almost all the participants (99%) felt that dentists needed to be competent in basic resuscitation skills and showed a positive attitude towards attending continuing dental educational programs on CPR. CONCLUSION: This study showed that majority of general dental practitioners in Kuwait had inadequate knowledge on CPR. It was also found that CPR training significantly influenced the CPR knowledge of the participants. Therefore, training courses on CPR should be regularly provided to general dentists in the country. PMID:28123615

  18. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF BLOOD CULTURE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    SECTIONAL STUDY AMONG MEDICAL DOCTORS IN A NIGERIAN ... is one of the most important investigations done in clinical microbiology laboratories. ... experience as doctors (57.0%) had good knowledge compared to 33.3% recorded among those ≥10 years. ... collected by the investigators and data obtained.

  19. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and approval of family planning was high, 81.7% and 86.2% respectiveljï, but the practice of ... the regional average of 2.8"/cz.1 The effects of .... Method Number Perccntage .... In fact some people have pictured family planning.

  20. Status on knowledge, attitudes, behavior regarding nutrition and food safety among 4-6 grade students from Chinas' two poverty-stricken counties%两个国家级贫困县4~6年级小学生营养与食品安全知信行现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭真; 杨芳; 孙振球; 李明志

    2013-01-01

    目的 通过对两个国家级贫困县4~6年级小学生营养与食品安全知识、态度、行为现状的调查,分析贫困地区营养与食品安全存在的问题,探索小学生营养与食品安全教育最佳模式.方法 采用分层整群抽样,抽取云南省会泽县和陕西省镇安县12所小学4~6年级478名学生,使用自行设计的问卷进行调查.结果 478名小学生营养与食品安全知识平均得分为(18.66±3.75)分,及格率为61.09%,各条目知晓率最高为94%;态度部分平均得分为(5.82±1.50)分,其中97%以上的学生认为在学校学习一些营养和食品安全知识很有必要,仅19%的学生认为报纸、杂志和电视广告上刊登的营养与食品安全信息可靠;行为部分平均得分为(8.52±2.56)分,65%的学生一日三餐有规律.结论 学生营养与食品安全知识知晓率较基线调查结果有明显提高,日常饮食也更加规律,但也存在获取知识途径单一、态度和行为两级分化现象明显等问题.%Objective To investigating knowledge,attitudes,current behavior among primary school students on nutrition and food safety in two State-level poverty-stricken counties,and to explore the best educational model on nutrition and food safety.Methods 478 pupils at 4-6 grades were selected,using the method of stratified cluster sampling and questionnairs.Results The average score on knowledge was 18.66 ± 3.75,with the qualified rate as 61.09% (the highest was 60.6%).The average score in the section of attitude was 5.82 ± 1.50.More than 97% of the students agreed that it was necessary to receive knowledge on nutrition and food safety.The average score of behavior was 8.52 ± 2.56.Conclusion Rate of awareness on knowledge of nutrition and food safety had greatly improved among the students under study.Their habit tended to be more regular.However,we also noticed the gap between knowledge and behavior on this issue.

  1. Knowledge and attitudes of residents regarding electroconvulsive therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gokay Alpak

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To determine the knowledge and attitudes of non-psychiatry residents about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT and additionally to make a comparison between residents of medical sciences and surgical sciences. METHODS: The study consisted of 176 medical school graduates in their residency training (119 medical sciences, 57 surgical sciences at a university hospital. All subjects are asked to fill a questionnaire prepared by the authors. RESULTS: Among all, 58 of the medical sciences residents (48.7%, and 32 of the surgical sciences residents (56.1% had reported that they have never observed any ECT session. There was no statistically significant difference between the residents of the two groups in terms of theirs attitudes towards ECT (p>0.05. The residents of surgical sciences differed from the others only in their response to the question that sought answer whether they would agree to have any of their relatives to undergo ECT. They more often disagreed to this statement (p=0.02. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge and attitudes of residents in medical, and surgical sciences about ECT seemed to be similar. Despite their significant amount of knowledge about ECT the residents showed similar attitudes towards it with the patients and their caregivers that were previously reported in the literature. Additionally, the results also suggest that current training in medical schools need a revision that would eventually improve attitudes of medical graduates towards ECT. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(1.000: 33-38

  2. Knowledge and attitudes of pediatric office nursing staff about breastfeeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Register, N; Eren, M; Lowdermilk, D; Hammond, R; Tully, M R

    2000-08-01

    This descriptive study documents nurses' breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes. The nursing staffs of 27 private pediatric practices in North Carolina were surveyed. The 42-item questionnaire included questions about who was responsible for breastfeeding support, what staff nurses knew and believed about breastfeeding, and where their breastfeeding education was obtained. The response rate was 59% (134 out of 227). Only 5% responded that a breastfeeding patient experiencing problems would be referred to a physician, whereas 81% selected a lactation consultant, and 38% selected a member of the nursing staff. Knowledge scores ranged from 19 to 33 (out of 33). Attitude scores ranged from 10 to 30 (out of 30). Only 46% of respondents reported having received breastfeeding education in their training programs; 85% had received on-the-job training. The nurses surveyed were involved in breastfeeding support, yet many had incorrect information and negative attitudes toward breastfeeding.

  3. Knowledge and Attitude of University Students Towards Premarital Screening Program

    OpenAIRE

    Rahma Al Kindi; Salha Al Rujaibi; Maya Al Kendi

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and attitude of Sultan Qaboos University students towards premarital screening program.Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at the students’ clinic from January to April 2011. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 590 unmarried Omani students of both genders. The questionnaire consisted of 3 main parts; the first part was based on socio-demographic data, the second part dealt with the students’ knowledge about...

  4. Attitude Formation of Benefits Satisfaction: Knowledge and Fit of Benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Gery Markova, Foard Jones

    2011-01-01

    Using the theoretical framework of the Theory of Reasoned Action [6], we examine benefits satisfactionas an attitude formed by the beliefs about benefits (i.e., benefits knowledge) and the perceived value ofthese benefits (i.e., fit of benefits to individual needs). We use questionnaires to gather data from arandom sample of 591 employees in a large county agency in the South-eastern United States. The datasupport that knowledge of benefits is associated with enhanced benefits satisfaction an...

  5. Development of a nutrition knowledge questionnaire for obese adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Feren

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire for assessing nutritional knowledge among overweight adults. The questionnaire should reveal knowledge about current dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, everyday food choices, and conditions related to overweight.The first draft of the nutrition knowledge questionnaire (113 items was based on literature review. To ensure content validity and expert-assessed face validity, an expert panel examined the questionnaire. Thereafter, the questionnaire was tested for user friendliness and ambiguity by five students. The questionnaire was pilot tested in a group of obese adults, similar to the target group. The results were analyzed for item difficulty and internal consistency and comments made by respondents were taken into account. Two student groups, differing in nutritional expertise, answered the questionnaire on two occasions to test construct validity and test–retest reliability. After the retest, a total overview of the questionnaire was made by the expert panel. The final questionnaire consisted of 91 items.The pilot study was conducted in obese adults waiting for a gastric bypass operation (n=33. Construct validity (n=34 and test–retest reliability (n=27 was tested in two student groups: public health nutrition students and construction students.Results from the pilot study showed that internal consistency of the three first sections together was 0.84, measured by Cronbach's α. Test of construct validity showed that public health nutrition students scored significantly better than construction students (p<0.001 for all sections, and test–retest reliability for all sections together was 0.82 (Pearson's r.The knowledge questionnaire had reasonable content-, face-, and construct validities and overall good reliability. The questionnaire can be a useful tool for measuring nutrition knowledge among obese adults.

  6. Pollution Attitudes, Knowledge and Behavior of Farmers and Urban Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronus, Carol L.; van Es, J. C.

    Data were gathered through telephone survey of a random sample of 91 urban men and 97 farm operators to study pollution attitudes, knowledge, and household pollution abatement behavior among urban residents and farmers. The results indicate that urban men are more concerned about pollution, more willing to allocate tax money to clean up pollution,…

  7. oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-11-11

    Nov 11, 2009 ... Objective: To assess the oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices of the parents/ guardians of .... What is your view about having a full denture instead of .... parents/guardians did not practice preventive oral health for ...

  8. Knowledge and attitude of dentists toward implant retained ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-09-13

    Sep 13, 2014 ... Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice • May-Jun 2015 • Vol 18 • Issue 3. Abstract. Objectives: The aim was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of ..... opening in screw‑or cement‑retained implant fixed partial denture designs.

  9. Modifying Knowledge, Emotions, and Attitudes Regarding Genetically Modified Foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heddy, Benjamin C.; Danielson, Robert W.; Sinatra, Gale M.; Graham, Jesse

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore whether conceptual change predicted emotional and attitudinal change while learning about genetically modified foods (GMFs). Participants were 322 college students; half read a refutation text designed to shift conceptual knowledge, emotions, and attitudes, while the other half served as a control group.…

  10. Attitudes and knowledge of nurses regarding HIV+/AIDS patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angeles Merino Godoy

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To know attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding HIV/AIDS patients in the Hospital General de Huelva. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Sample: Nursing staff of the Hospital General de Huelva (Registered nurses and Nursing auxiliar personnel randomised selected (N=980, n=88. Selected subjects were asked to answer a validated questionnaire including questions about personal and professional characteristics, attitudes about HIV+/AIDS patients and knowledge about HIV infection. Additionally, 8 interviews were performed to Nursing staff who suffered occupational accidents with HIV contaminated fluids. Another 8 interviews were performed to HIV+/AIDS patients about the nurses attitudes when working with them. Results: Participating subjects were worried about the risk of infection. A low rate of knowledge about HIV infection was observed. Conclusion: A modification of some attitudes of Nursing staff is mandatory as well as an improvement of specific knowledge about HIV infection and measures to avoid the infection in a professional setting. Strategies to improve nurses abilities when working with HIV+/AIDS patients should be provided.

  11. Teachers' knowledge and attitudes towards seizure disorder: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-10-22

    Oct 22, 2012 ... Though school teachers in both rural and urban settings are ... Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire on knowledge and attitudes to seizure ... Seizure disorder is a common neurologic disorder that affects .... A pilot study was conducted to pre‑test the instrument among .... Don't know.

  12. Genetically Modified Food: Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, Animesh K.; Priyadarshini, Deepika; Biswas, Antara

    2010-01-01

    The concepts behind the technology of genetic modification of organisms and its applications are complex. A diverse range of opinions, public concern and considerable media interest accompanies the subject. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes of science teachers and senior secondary biology students about the application of a rapidly…

  13. Knowledge and Attitudes toward Hookah Usage among University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtzman, Adam L.; Babinski, Dara; Merlo, Lisa J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Hookah smoking is a popular form of tobacco use on university campuses. This study documented use, attitudes, and knowledge of hookah smoking among college students. Participants: The sample included 943 university students recruited between February 2009 and January 2010. Respondents ("M" age = 20.02) included 376 males, 533…

  14. General practitioner knowledge, skills and attitudes to eating disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Doherty, Sally; McNamee, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Given that general practitioners are perfectly placed to detect eating disorders this summer research study aimed to examine general practitioners’ knowledge, skills and attitudes towards eating disorders. The study aimed to compile a national picture of the diagnosis, referral practices, and management of eating disorders in primary care in Ireland.

  15. Knowledge and Attitude of clinical level dental students concerning ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge and Attitude of clinical level dental students concerning HIV/AIDS. ... high- risk groups, common oral manifestations and prevention of HIV/AIDS. ... that they did not have any reservations dealing with patients with HIV/AIDS while 55 ...

  16. Patients' knowledge and attitude towards cross infection in dental ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patients' knowledge and attitude towards cross infection in dental practice, Dar es ... on cross infection during dental treatment, especially in regard to HIV/AIDS ... Also one should have the right to refuse treatment if at risk of being infected ...

  17. A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of rabies among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key Words: Attitude, community, Knowledge, Practice, rabies ... developing countries that possess large number of dogs, many of which are stray (WHO, 2004). .... formal/Mass media (Radio, Television, Magazine and Flayers). Only small ..... general community in India and in Zimbabwe, it was reported that 70% of.

  18. 20-23 A Survey of Pharmacists' Knowledge, Attitude

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    A Survey of Pharmacists' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Diabetes in Three Tertiary. Hospitals in ... using a structured questionnaire and analyzed based on descriptive statistics. A total of ... Study design. The study ... D = questions to evaluate their practices ... Data analysis .... The research work was self-financed. The.

  19. Biotechnology: An Assessment of Agricultural Science Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowen, Diana L.; Roberts, T. Grady; Wingenbach, Gary J.; Harlin, Julie F.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore agricultural science teachers' knowledge levels and attitudes toward biotechnology topics. The average agricultural science teacher in this study was a 37-year-old male who had taught for 12 years. He had a bachelor's degree and had lived or worked on a farm or ranch. He had not attended…

  20. Genetically Modified Food: Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, Animesh K.; Priyadarshini, Deepika; Biswas, Antara

    2010-01-01

    The concepts behind the technology of genetic modification of organisms and its applications are complex. A diverse range of opinions, public concern and considerable media interest accompanies the subject. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes of science teachers and senior secondary biology students about the application of a rapidly…

  1. Secondary School Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Renewable Energy Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liarakou, Georgia; Gavrilakis, Costas; Flouri, Eleni

    2009-01-01

    Investigating knowledge, perceptions as well as attitudes of the public that concern various aspects of environmental issues is of high importance for Environmental Education. An integrated understanding of these parameters can properly support the planning of Environmental Education curriculum and relevant educational materials. In this survey we…

  2. Drug Education Based on a Knowledge, Attitude, and Experience Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, John A.

    1971-01-01

    Results of a questionnaire concerning factual knowledge of attitudes toward, and experience with a variety of drugs are reported. It was concluded that marihuana and other drugs are readily available to secondary school students, and widespread experimentation exists; however, a strict dichotomy exists between marihuana and other drugs. (Author/BY)

  3. Sun Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Beachgoing Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merten, Julie Williams; Higgins, Sue; Rowan, Alan; Pragle, Aimee

    2014-01-01

    Background: Skin cancer rates are rising and could be reduced with better sun protection behaviors. Adolescent exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is damaging because it can lead to skin cancer. This descriptive study extends understanding of adolescent sun exposure attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors. Methods: A sample of 423 beachgoing…

  4. Knowledge and Attitudes about Colon Cancer Screening among African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Aimee S.; Daley, Christine M.; Greiner, K. Allen

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To explore knowledge and attitudes about colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among African American patients age 45 and older at a community health center serving low-income and uninsured patients. Methods: We conducted 7 focus groups and 17 additional semistructured interviews. Sessions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed…

  5. Informed consent: attitudes, knowledge and information concerning prenatal examination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Katja; Kesmodel, Ulrik; hvidman, lone

    2006-01-01

    of the possibility of a false negative result. The risk of miscarriage in relation to amniocentesis (AC) is unknown to 11-53%. Uptake rates are associated with attitudes towards prenatal examinations, but not knowledge of the test offered. A total of 88 % concidered their health care provider an important source...

  6. Secondary School Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Renewable Energy Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liarakou, Georgia; Gavrilakis, Costas; Flouri, Eleni

    2009-01-01

    Investigating knowledge, perceptions as well as attitudes of the public that concern various aspects of environmental issues is of high importance for Environmental Education. An integrated understanding of these parameters can properly support the planning of Environmental Education curriculum and relevant educational materials. In this survey we…

  7. Attitudes of nursing staff working with older people towards nutritional nursing care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachrach-Lindström, Margareta; Jensen, Sara; Lundin, Rickard; Christensson, Lennart

    2007-11-01

    The aim of this study was to examine attitudes of the nursing staff in geriatric care towards factors of importance for nutritional nursing care. Studies show that nutritional risk assessment is seldom performed on older patients as routine and very few patients have a nutritional care plan. Patients in long-term care who are easy to feed are also found to be looked upon more positively than those with high feeding needs. A total of 252 registered nurses and nurse aids working at geriatric rehabilitation and medical care clinics and resident homes participated in the study. Attitudes were examined using the Staff Attitudes to Nutritional Nursing Care Geriatric scale. The scale includes 18 items and was designed as a one to five-point Lickert-type scale. It gives a total score and five subscales representing the dimensions 'Norms', 'Habits', 'Assessment', 'Intervention' and 'Individualization'. A higher score indicates a more positive attitude. Of all nursing staff, 53% displayed a positive attitude towards factors of importance for nutritional nursing care and the rest displayed a neutral or negative attitude. The 'Intervention' dimension, dealing with nutritional problems and how to manage them, reflected the highest level of positive attitudes, which represents 71% of the nursing staff. The 'Norms' dimension had the lowest relative frequency of positive attitudes, 27%. The registered nurses held significantly more positive attitudes than the nurse aids did. Nutritional issues comprise an important and time-consuming responsibility in geriatric care; however, nursing staff do not show an unequivocal positive attitude regarding this responsibility. The consequences this entails for the older patient need to be examined further. Relevance to clinical practice. Nursing staff play an important role in caring for patients who are malnourished or at risk for malnutrition. Positive attitudes might hinder the development of undernourishment or the further worsening of an

  8. Hydration and Fluid Replacement Knowledge, Attitudes, Barriers, and Behaviors of NCAA Division 1 American Football Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, Lawrence W; Kumley, Roberta F; Bellar, David M; Pike, Kim L; Pierson, Eric E; Weidner, Thomas; Pearson, David; Friesen, Carol A

    2016-11-01

    Judge, LW, Kumley, RF, Bellar, DM, Pike, KL, Pierson, EE, Weidner, T, Pearson, D, and Friesen, CA. Hydration and fluid replacement knowledge, attitudes, barriers, and behaviors of NCAA Division 1 American football players. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 2972-2978, 2016-Hydration is an important part of athletic performance, and understanding athletes' hydration knowledge, attitudes, barriers, and behaviors is critical for sport practitioners. The aim of this study was to assess National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division 1 (D1) American football players, with regard to hydration and fluid intake before, during, and after exercise, and to apply this assessment to their overall hydration practice. The sample consisted of 100 student-athletes from 2 different NCAA D1 universities, who participated in voluntary summer football conditioning. Participants completed a survey to identify the fluid and hydration knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, demographic data, primary football position, previous nutrition education, and barriers to adequate fluid consumption. The average Hydration Knowledge Score (HKS) for the participants in the present study was 11.8 ± 1.9 (69.4% correct), with scores ranging from 42 to 100% correct. Four key misunderstandings regarding hydration, specifically related to intervals of hydration habits among the study subjects, were revealed. Only 24% of the players reported drinking enough fluids before, during, immediately after, and 2 hours after practice. Generalized linear model analysis predicted the outcome variable HKS (χ = 28.001, p = 0.045), with nutrition education (Wald χ = 8.250, p = 0.041) and position on the football team (χ = 9.361, p = 0.025) being significant predictors. "Backs" (e.g., quarterbacks, running backs, and defensive backs) demonstrated significantly higher hydration knowledge than "Linemen" (p = 0.014). Findings indicated that if changes are not made to increase hydration awareness levels among football teams

  9. Related Factors with Nutritional Habits and Nutrition Knowledge of University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhat Vancelik

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to find the level of the nutrition knowledge and nutritional habits of the students of Ataturk University and to determine the influential factors. The study was carried out during May-June 2005 and the universe of the study consisted of seventeen thousands students attending their formal education in Ataturk University Campus. The sampling was done via simple randomization method and the sample size was 1120 students. A single class from all grades of each faculty was included in the sample and all of the students in each class were invited to participate to the study. Mean age and body mass index of the students were 21.6 ± 1.9 year and 21.9 ± 2.7 kg/m2, respectively. Sixty six percent of the students were male and 96.6% of them were single. It was determined that smoking, regular alcohol drinking and performing regular sport were found to effect nutritional habit score, significantly. It was found out that 87.4% of the students passed one meal a day, and the breakfast was the most often passed meal. Mean score of nutritional habit and nutrition knowledge was significantly high in males and females, respectively. Mean nutrition knowledge scores of student who were living in cities were higher, significantly. It was found that marital status, type of family, the residential place didn’t significantly affect nutrition knowledge score. There was a significant and positive correlation between body mass index, nutritional habit scores and monthly personal income. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(4: 242-248

  10. Related Factors with Nutritional Habits and Nutrition Knowledge of University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhat Vancelik

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to find the level of the nutrition knowledge and nutritional habits of the students of Ataturk University and to determine the influential factors. The study was carried out during May-June 2005 and the universe of the study consisted of seventeen thousands students attending their formal education in Ataturk University Campus. The sampling was done via simple randomization method and the sample size was 1120 students. A single class from all grades of each faculty was included in the sample and all of the students in each class were invited to participate to the study. Mean age and body mass index of the students were 21.6 ± 1.9 year and 21.9 ± 2.7 kg/m2, respectively. Sixty six percent of the students were male and 96.6% of them were single. It was determined that smoking, regular alcohol drinking and performing regular sport were found to effect nutritional habit score, significantly. It was found out that 87.4% of the students passed one meal a day, and the breakfast was the most often passed meal. Mean score of nutritional habit and nutrition knowledge was significantly high in males and females, respectively. Mean nutrition knowledge scores of student who were living in cities were higher, significantly. It was found that marital status, type of family, the residential place didn’t significantly affect nutrition knowledge score. There was a significant and positive correlation between body mass index, nutritional habit scores and monthly personal income. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(4.000: 242-248

  11. Conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas de professores de ciclo básico, expostos e não expostos a Curso de Educação Nutricional Knowledge, attitudes and practices of teachers of basic cycle, exposed and non exposed to a Nutrition Education Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovana Mochi Davanço

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo propôs-se a avaliar os conhecimentos sobre nutrição de professores expostos e não expostos a um programa educativo, que envolveu a utilização de jogos de regra com cunho educativo e lúdico e um plano didático para aplicação das atividades. MÉTODOS: A amostra estudada foi composta de 51 professores (15 expostos e 36 não expostos. O questionário aplicado continha questões sobre conceitos nutricionais e papel do professor e da escola como promotores de hábitos nutricionais saudáveis. RESULTADOS: As variáveis estudadas englobaram conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas nutricionais dos professores. Utilizaram-se tabelas de contingência para descrição das freqüências das variáveis e Teste Exato de Fisher para as comparações entre os grupos expostos e não expostos, com nível de significância de 0,05% ou 5%. Observou-se que os professores expostos ao programa se apresentaram melhor preparados conceitualmente e também mais sensibilizados quanto ao papel do professor e da escola enquanto transformadores da realidade, demonstrando que o programa de alimentação escolar pode tornar-se um espaço de aprendizagem e produção de conhecimento.OBJETIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of teacher who had (or had not been exposed to the educative program that involved the use of games with educative and playful purposes and the didactic planning for the application of these activities. METHODS: The studied sample comprised 51 teachers (15 exposed and 36 not exposed. The questionnaire contained questions on nutritional concepts and on the role of the teacher and the school as a means of promotion of healthy nutritional habits. RESULTS: The studied variables included knowledge, attitude and nutritional practice of the teachers. Tables of contingency were used for the description of the frequencies of the variables and for the Exact Test of Fisher was used for the comparisons between the

  12. Development and validation of the ACSI : measuring students' science attitudes, pro-environmental behaviour, climate change attitudes and knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, E. M.; Goedhart, M. J.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes towards Climate Change and Science Instrument. This 63-item questionnaire measures students' pro-environmental behaviour, their climate change knowledge and their attitudes towards school science, societal implications of science

  13. Comparing Primary Student Teachers' Attitudes, Subject Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge Needs in a Physics Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Jane; Ahtee, Maija

    2006-01-01

    This research explores and compares primary student teachers' attitudes, subject knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) in physics in two institutions in England and Finland, using a practical physics activity and questionnaire. Teaching of physics activities was rated unpopular both in Finland and England, although English students…

  14. Comparing Primary Student Teachers' Attitudes, Subject Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge Needs in a Physics Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Jane; Ahtee, Maija

    2006-01-01

    This research explores and compares primary student teachers' attitudes, subject knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) in physics in two institutions in England and Finland, using a practical physics activity and questionnaire. Teaching of physics activities was rated unpopular both in Finland and England, although English students…

  15. Skin Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors in Collegiate Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courtney Hobbs

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Outdoor athletes represent an important group at risk for skin cancer because they are routinely exposed to high levels of ultraviolet radiation. The purpose of this study was to assess current skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among collegiate athletes. A modified version of the Melanoma Risk Behavior Survey was completed by 343 athletes attending a Southern University in the USA, generating an 87% response rate. Survey results demonstrated that the majority of the athletes do not limit their sun exposure and reported low levels of sun protective behaviors. In addition, athletes lacked knowledge about skin cancer and sun protection. Eighty-three percent of the athletes stated that tanning beds improve one’s overall health. Race was significantly associated with skin cancer knowledge, whereas, gender was found to be significantly associated with knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors towards skin cancer. Additionally, there was a significant relationship between knowledge and behavior, but not between attitude and behavior. This study highlights the need to educate athletes about the hazards of tanning to minimize UV exposure and promote sun protection habits. Moreover, athletes should be educated on the dangers of indoor tanning facilities and encouraged to avoid these facilities.

  16. Emergency contraception: knowledge and attitudes of nursing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danyelle Lorrane Carneiro Veloso

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the knowledge and attitude towards emergency contraception among nursing students from a public university in Goiás - a state in Brazil. A descriptive and analytical research methodology with a quantitative approach was used, applying, from February to May 2011 a questionnaire on the sexual knowledge and attitude of students regarding emergency contraception. 178 students participated in the study. Knowledge was confirmed through the high frequency of correct answers to the questions, especially those concerning the correct time and the instructions for use (between 86% - 96%. Although many students use this method, there are still some doubts about the mechanism of action, side effects and access availability (frequency of correct answers lower than 50%. We noticed the need to develop educational policies that encourage the promotion of sex education in schools and universities.

  17. Effect of Nutrition Supplement Education on Nutrition Supplement Knowledge among High School Students from a Low-Income Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Jeffrey C.; Perry, Danielle R.; Volpe, Stella Lucia

    2002-01-01

    Investigated the effectiveness of a nutrition supplement educational intervention in improving the nutrition supplement knowledge of low-income adolescents. Data on high school students separated into experimental and control groups indicated that they had extremely poor pre-intervention knowledge. However, the short-term nutrition education…

  18. Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among rural women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Rozina; Afreen, Uzma; Hashmi, Haleema A

    2008-09-01

    To assess the knowledge, attitude regarding family planning and the practice of contraceptives among rural women. A cross-sectional observational study. The gynaecological outpatient clinic of Fatima Hospital, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, from July to December 2005. One-hundred women between the ages 15-45, living with their husbands and coming from rural area (villages) were interviewed. Women who were pregnant, had a child younger than 2 years, or had any medical disorder were excluded. Their knowledge, attitude and practice on contraceptives were evaluated with the help of a predesigned questionnaire. The other variables used were the age of women, parity and educational status. Descriptive analysis was conducted to obtain percentages. Out of 100 interviewed women with mean age of 29.7 years, 81(81%) had some knowledge about family planning methods. The media provided information of contraceptives in 52 out of 81 (64%) women. Regarding the usage of contraceptive methods, only 53 (53%) of the respondents were using some sort of contraception. Barrier method (condoms) was in practice by 18 (33.9%) and 12 (22.6%) of women had already undergone tubal ligation. The women using injectables and intrauterine contraceptive devices were 10 (18.8%) and 7 (13.2%) respectively. Six were using oral contraceptive pills (11.3%). Positive attitude towards contraception was shown by 76 (76%) of them, while 41(41%) stated their husbands' positive attitude towards contraception. In the present study, there was a low contraceptive use among women of rural origin despite good knowledge. Motivation of couples through media and health personnel can help to achieve positive attitude of husbands for effective use of contraceptives.

  19. Investigation of diabetes nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice in outpatients with type 2 diabetes%门诊2型糖尿病患者糖尿病营养知识-态度-行为的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹婧然; 郭剑超; 曹凤林; 郭玉文

    2015-01-01

    目的 进行2型糖尿病患者糖尿病营养知识-态度-行为调查,了解患者糖尿病营养知识与膳食行为,给个体化临床营养宣教提示.方法 依据《中国居民膳食指南》(2007版)与《中国糖尿病医学营养治疗指南2013版》设计糖尿病营养知识-态度-行为调查问卷,2015年1至3月门诊就诊的2型糖尿病患者接受本调查.调查采取面对面访谈方式,由调查员直接提问,患者作答.结果 共有915例患者接受了本调查,男495例,女420例.体质指数(27.23±3.18)kg/m2,糖化血红蛋白(8.03± 2.17)%.知识问题中有4项的知晓率在80%以上,但只有54.10%糖尿病患者认为糖尿病饮食应该是在均衡饮食的前提下合理选择食物,而不是单纯限制主食与肉类.在行为问题中,控制饮食的达标率均不足80%.在不同年龄、性别、病程之间,正答率差异无统计学意义.进行正答率与糖化血红蛋白两变量的相关分析,二者存在线性关系,相关系数为-0.258.正答率高的患者糖化血红蛋白水平低.结论 糖尿病患者对糖尿病相关营养知识和态度有较好认知水平,但对均衡饮食的认知水平有待提高,行为达标率相对较低.%Objective To conduct an investigation on diabetes nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice in outpatients with type 2 diabetes, understand the nutritional knowledge and dietary behaviors in patients with type 2 diabetes to guide individualized nutrition education. Methods The diabetes nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice(KAP) questionnairewas designed based on"Chinese dietary guidelines (2007)"and"Chinese diabetes medical nutrition therapy guidelines (2013)". Data of out-patients with type 2 diabetes from January to March 2015 were collected. The method of investigation was face-to-face interview. Results Totally 915 patients were enrolled into this survey(male 495 and female 420). The mean BMI was (27.23 ± 3.18)kg/m2, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HBA1c) was

  20. Effect of Education on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Bioterrorism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siavash Hamzeh pour

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Bioterrorism, as a major health problem, has received lots of attention in recent years. To date, the effect of education on knowledge and attitude of students regarding bioterrorism has not been evaluated in Iran. Therefore, this study aimed to determine how education affects knowledge and attitude of biological sciences students about bioterrorism. Methods: The present interventional before-after study was carried out on the students of different branches of biological sciences. The students’ level of knowledge on nature of bioterrorism and its causatives, diagnosing bioterrorism agents, management at the time of biological and bioterrorist attacks, and tendency to participate in relief at these events were evaluated before and after training using a pre-designed checklist. Then the effect of education on the students’ knowledge and attitude was evaluated based on their sex. Results: 120 students were included (60% female; mean age 21 ± 3.2 years. The knowledge score was not significantly different between female and male students before educational intervention (p > 0.05. After education, the knowledge score raised significantly in the 4 areas of bioterrorism nature (p < 0.0001, causative factors (p < 0.0001, diagnosing bioterrorism agents (p < 0.0001, and management at the time of bioterrorist attacks (p < 0.0001 in female participants, but not in male students (p > 0.05. In addition, after education both male and female participants showed greater tendency to work and do research in the field of bioterrorism (p < 0.0001 but the increase was more significant in females (p < 0.0001. Conclusion: Educational intervention led to an improvement in female participants’ knowledge regarding bioterrorism nature, causative factors, diagnosing bioterrorism agents, and management at the time of bioterrorist attacks. Yet, the low level of knowledge and tendency of the students indicates the need for more education in this field.

  1. [Nutrition knowledge of Sardinian and Corsican university students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broccia, F; Lantini, T; Luciani, A; Carcassi, A M

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the knowledge of Dietary Guidelines of university students in Sardinia and in Corsica. A nutrition knowledge questionnaire was administered to 566 university students, 141 from Corte University and 425 from Cagliari University. Sardinian students scored higher on the sections of the questionnaire about the recommended food intake, the sources of nutrients and the links between diet and disease, the best food choices to keep and to promote health. Corsican students were more trained to specify the best food choices to reduce the amount of fat, salt and sugar. In both countries females scored higher than males did, showing a greater nutrition knowledge. Obtained results from this work confirm the need of a wider and deeper diffusion of the Dietary Guidelines for a healthy diet, so that it is possible to reach more healthful dietary choices and to plan the aimed educative interventions to bridge the gaps.

  2. The Development of Instruments to Measure Attitudes toward Abortion and Knowledge of Abortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snegroff, Stanley

    1976-01-01

    This study developed an abortion attitude scale and abortion knowledge inventory that may be utilized by health educators, counselors, and researchers for assessing attitudes toward abortion and knowledge about it. (SK)

  3. Palliative Care: Improving Nursing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors
.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harden, Karen; Price, Deborah; Duffy, Elizabeth; Galunas, Laura; Rodgers, Cheryl

    2017-10-01

    Oncology nurses affect patient care at every point along the cancer journey. This creates the perfect opportunity to educate patients and caregivers about palliative care early and often throughout treatment. However, healthcare providers frequently do not have the knowledge and confidence to engage in meaningful conversations about palliative care.
. The specific aims were to improve oncology nurses' palliative care knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors by providing a palliative care nursing education program. An additional aim was to increase the number of conversations with patients and families about palliative care.
. This project had a pre-/post-test design to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors at baseline and one month after implementation of an established education curriculum. The teaching strategy included one four-hour class for oncology RNs with topics about the definition of palliative care, pain and symptom management, and how to have palliative care conversations.
. Results showed a statistically significant difference after the educational intervention for knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. The number of conversations with patients and caregivers about palliative and end-of-life care increased significantly.

  4. Dental students' knowledge and attitudes toward patients with epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassona, Yazan M; Mahmoud, Ahmad Abd Al-Aziz; Ryalat, Soukaina M; Sawair, Faleh A

    2014-07-01

    Inadequate knowledge and negative attitudes toward epilepsy can affect the provision of health services for patients with epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy among clinical dental students in Jordan. The study was conducted using a 21-item questionnaire to assess professional experience with epilepsy, knowledge about epilepsy, social tolerance, and willingness to care for patients with epilepsy among dental students at the University of Jordan. More than one-third of dental students believed that epilepsy is due to insanity or mental illness. Only 45% were able to identify convulsion or shaking as a sign of epilepsy, and more than one-third did not know how to act in case of an epileptic seizure in the dental clinic. Disappointingly, 43.4% of the respondents were of the opinion that people with epilepsy should not have children, and only 38.6% thought that people with epilepsy should be employed at the same jobs as other people. About 50% indicated that their families would be concerned about them treating patients with epilepsy, and 30% believed that knowing that patients with epilepsy were treated in their clinic might make other patients reluctant to continue their treatment there. The results revealed an inadequate level of knowledge and negative attitudes toward epilepsy among dental students at the University of Jordan. There is an urgent need to educate dental students about epilepsy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. ADVERSE DRUG REACTION: COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Katti Venkappa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many hospitalizations in India are due to Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR and resulting in morbidity and mortality in majority cases in addition to the huge economic burden. A survey was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and behavior of community pharmacists towards ADR related aspects. One hundred and twenty eight pharmacists from various Community pharmacies in two Districts of South India were consented in this survey. A questionnaire was prepared to investigate the knowledge, attitude and behavior of pharmacists regarding ADR reporting and distributed to the identified pharmacies. The data was collected and analyzed by ANOVA and t- test. Out of 342 community pharmacies approached, 128 (37.4% community pharmacists consented to be part of the survey and the questionnaire given was filled and returned by them. Out of these respondents, only 39 (30.5% pharmacists had knowledge about ADR, 15 (11.7% and 14 (10.9% were aware of National Pharmacovigilance Program (NPP and regional reporting centers respectively. Only 54 (43% agreed that ADR reporting is a professional obligation of pharmacist and none of the respondents reported ADRs. The main reason for not reporting any ADR was ‘they did not know how to report’ and ‘did not feel its beneficial’. This survey revealed that the community pharmacists were having least scores towards knowledge, attitude and behavior on ADRs in Indian Scenario.

  6. Breastfeeding Education in Term of Knowledge and Attitude through Mother Support Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Handayani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge and attitude are important factors for successful breastfeeding practice. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of knowledge and attitude on breastfeeding among Indonesian mothers who joined mother support group (MSG program. This was a community based cross-sectional study. There were 221 mothers participated on this study. Multiple regression was used to asses the influence of knowledge and attitude on breastfeeding. Result of the study showed that knowledge and attitude influence breastfeeding practice.

  7. Knowledge,attitude and practice on nutrition and food safety in primary and middle school students in Chongqing%重庆市2所中小学校学生营养与食品安全认知行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文洁; 李革; 曾缓; 蒲昫頔; 且亚玲; 王华平; 张芝娇; 赵勇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解重庆市某2所中小学校学生对营养与食品安全的认知和行为现况,为开展营养宣教干预提供依据.方法 分层整群抽取重庆市1所小学五、六年级和1所中学初一、二年级的1 058名学生作为调查对象,采用自行设计问卷进行调查.结果 中小学生营养知识得分为(8.59±3.05)分,营养知识总体知晓率为27.60%,初中生营养知识得分高于小学生(u=4.41,P<0.01).有74.35%的小学生和53.42%的初中生坚持每天吃早餐,小学生常吃早餐的构成比高于初中生(x2=58.85,P<0.01).仅有29.08%的小学生和15.85%的初中生表示经常关注食品安全问题,小学生高于初中生(x2 =31.57,P<0.01).结论 中小学生在营养认知、饮食行为习惯和食品安全关注方面有较大差异.要有针对性地设计宣教方案并进行干预,维护学生的营养与食品安全.%Objective To obtain the knowledge, attitude and behavior on nutrition and food safety among primary and secondary school students in Chongqing, provide baseline data for the nutrition and food safety interventions. Methods A serf-designed questionnaire was conducted among all students of grade 5 and 6 in primary school and all students of grade 1 and 2 in middle school in Chongqing. Results Among 1 058 participants, the total score of knowledge on nutrition and food safety was 8.59± 3.05, with awareness rate being 27.60%. The middle school students had significantly higher scores than primary students (u = 4.41, P<0.01). The proportion of students having breakfast every day was higher in primary students (74.35% ) than that of middle school students (53.42% ) (x2 =58.85 ,P<0.01). Only 29.08% of primary students and 15. 85% of middle school students expressed concern on food safety, with primary students higher than middle school students (x2 =31. 57 ,P<0. 01). Conclusion Both the primary and middle school students are lack of health nutrition knowledge, eating behavior and

  8. Microbial Quality, Nutritional Knowledge and Food Hygienic Practices among Street Food Vendors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gowri, B.; Vasantha Devi, K. P.; Sivakumar, M.

    2011-01-01

    Since all categories of people from different socio-economic sectors purchase street foods; the street foods should not only be cheap but also hygienic and rich in nutrition. The investigators with their nutrition knowledge had an urge to study the nutrition knowledge of the vendors, whether the foods prepared are nutritionally sound or not?, are…

  9. Taiwanese adolescents' gender differences in knowledge and attitudes towards menstruation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ching-Yu; Yang, Kyeongra; Liou, Shwu-Ru

    2007-06-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore gender differences in knowledge and attitudes towards menstruation among Taiwanese adolescents. This study was a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional comparison study conducted in Taiwan. A total of 287 female and 269 male students at a junior high school participated in the study. The results showed that almost all the students had heard about menstruation and most of them had received menstrual information at school. However, their knowledge about menstruation was not accurate. Moreover, the male students expressed more negative attitudes towards menstruation than the female students. Taboos were heard by most students and, although many female students doubted the reality of the taboos they had heard, they observed them anyway. The study calls for an evaluation of sex education and suggests more open discussions about menstruation among young people in those education sessions. In addition, school nurses and obstetrical/gynecological nurses should be involved more in adolescents' sexual education.

  10. Knowledge and Attitudes of Selected Home Economists toward Irradiation in Food Preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Faye C. Stucy

    1990-01-01

    A survey of the knowledge and attitudes of 485 California home economists toward the use of irradiation to preserve food revealed that they lacked the knowledge although they had a positive attitude toward it. An interactive teleconference on irradiation increased positive attitudes and improved knowledge. (JOW)

  11. The Knowledge About Drugs, Attitudes Towards Them And Drug Use Rates Of High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejer, Dianne; Smart, Reginald G.

    1973-01-01

    A survey of attitudes towards drugs, knowledge about them and the use of alcohol, tobacco, illicit and psychoactive drugs was conducted among 4,693 high school students. Knowledge level and permissive attitudes tended to increase with grade level. Knowledge scores also increased, but attitudes became less permissive with increasing academic…

  12. Disability and Sexuality: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Level of Comfort among Certified Rehabilitation Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazukauskas, Kelly A.; Lam, Chow S.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated certified rehabilitation counselors' (CRCs) attitudes, knowledge, and comfort in addressing disability and sexuality issues. One hundred ninety-nine CRCs completed a modified version of the "Knowledge, Comfort, Approach and Attitudes toward Sexuality Scale" to determine the effect of knowledge and attitudes on level of…

  13. Teachers' Readiness to Implement Nutrition Education Programs: Beliefs, Attitudes, and Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perikkou, Anastasia; Kokkinou, Eleni; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.; Yannakoulia, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Teachers' attitudes about school food environments and their readiness to implement school-based nutrition programs were investigated. A total of 1,436 primary-school teachers filled out a questionnaire on their demographic and professional characteristics and their attitudes, beliefs, and barriers for implementing health educational programs. The…

  14. Concussions in Community-Level Rugby: Risk, Knowledge, and Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, R Kyle; Hrubeniuk, Travis J; Witiw, Christopher D; MacDonald, Peter; Leiter, Jeff

    Rugby is a popular collision sport where participants are at risk of sustaining concussions. Most research focuses on elite-level or youth divisions. Comparatively, little is known about adult community rugby. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of sustaining a concussion during participation in community-level rugby and summarize the collective knowledge and attitudes toward concussions. Concussion symptoms will be reported frequently among community-level rugby players and a substantial proportion will report a willingness to continue participation despite the risk. Cross-sectional analysis. Level 3. An anonymous, voluntary survey was administered to all 464 senior rugby players registered in the province of Manitoba in 2015. Two primary domains were assessed: (1) concussion history from the preceding season including occurrence, symptomatology, and impact on daily activities and (2) knowledge and attitudes toward concussion risks and management. In total, 284 (61.2%) rugby players responded. Concussive symptoms were reported by 106 (37.3%). Of those, 87% were formally diagnosed with a concussion and 27% missed school and/or work as a result. The danger of playing while symptomatic was recognized by 93.7% of participants, yet 29% indicated they would continue while symptomatic. Furthermore, 39% felt they were letting others down if they stopped playing due to a concussion. Concussive symptoms were common among the study cohort and had a notable impact on daily activities. A high proportion of players were willing to continue while experiencing symptoms despite recognizing the danger. The observed discord between knowledge and attitudes implicates a culture of "playing injured." Understanding the risk of injury may affect an individual's decision to participate in community-level rugby. Moreover, evidence of discord between the knowledge and attitudes of players may direct future research initiatives and league governance.

  15. Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of ICU syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Dadgari; Farede Yaghmaie; Jasman Shahnazarian; Leyla Dadvar

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: Intensive care unit ICU syndrome is a disorder, in which patients in an ICU or a similar setting experience anxiety, hallucination and become paranoid, severely disoriented in time and place, very agitated, or even violent, etc. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of nurses with regards to prevention of ICU syndrome (Delirium). Methods: Subjects of this research were 56 nurses with including criteria of registration in nursing, university d...

  16. Sexuality education: attitudes, knowledge, comfort and willingness of portuguese teachers

    OpenAIRE

    ALVAREZ, M.-J.; PINTO, A. Marques

    2014-01-01

    In the context of the widespread implementation of sexuality education (SE) in Portuguese schools, after becoming mandatory in 2009, we aim to understand Portuguese teachers' perspective on SE (N = 307). Through an on-line questionnaire, analysed by descriptive statistics and factorial and inferential analysis, we measured general attitudes on SE, knowledge, comfort and willingness to teach it, the importance assigned to several topics of SE and the grade level at which they should be int...

  17. Sexuality in the elderly: knowledge and attitudes of professional caregivers

    OpenAIRE

    Senra, Margarida; Saraiva, Horácio; Pinheira, Vítor

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Sexuality in the elderly still remains a taboo, especially in the institutional context. Demographic changes have been occurring these past few years which led to an increase in the number of institutionalized elders, as an attempt to respond their needs. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to know the levels of knowledge and attitudes of the professional caregivers, how these are related and how these relate with the socio demographic variables. METHODS: Quantitative, ...

  18. Nutritional status, dietary intake patterns and nutrition knowledge of children aged 5-6 years attending kindergartens in the Klang Valley, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poh, B K; Kathryn Tham, B L; Wong, S N; Winnie Chee, S S; Tee, E S

    2012-08-01

    Early childhood is a period during which many factors influence the development of lifelong eating habits. This study aimed to assess the nutritional status of young children and to determine factors related to eating habits. A total of 992 children aged 5-6 years attending kindergartens that participated in the Bright Start Nutrition programme in the Klang Valley were included in the study. Anthropometric measurements were taken and body mass index (BMI) calculated. A questionnaire to assess the children's nutrition knowledge was administered through interviews, while their mothers self-administered another set of questionnaires regarding knowledge, attitude and practice on nutrition. The mean BMI was 15.7 +/- 2.7 kg/m2 in boys and 15.4 +/- 2.4 kg/m2 in girls. Based on the WHO 2007 growth reference, the prevalence of overweight and obesity were 9.1% and 9.3%, respectively; while the prevalence of thinness and stunting were 5.8% and 3.9%, respectively. Most of the children consumed breakfast (86.4%), lunch (94.1%) and dinner (93.4%) daily. The majority liked fruits (95.1%), snacks (93.8%), Western fast food (93.3%) and milk (90.8%), while less than two-thirds (65.1%) liked vegetables. The mean nutrition knowledge scores for the children and mothers were 73.2 +/- 9.8% and 60.2 +/- 18.8%, respectively. Maternal nutrition knowledge was correlated positively with children's vegetable intake (r=0.111, pnutrition knowledge was found to exert a positive influence on children's eating habits, it is important to provide nutrition education to both mothers and children when conducting intervention programmes.

  19. The Knowledge About Nutrition During Pregnancy, the Eating Habits and the Affecting Factors in the Pregnant Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktay Sari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Failure to daily supplementary feeding in according with the growing needs, economic impossibilities, nutritional imbalances caused by false beliefs, wrong practices in food preparartion and safekeeping are the basic causes of the feding problems during pregnancy in our country. In our study are investigated the factors affecting the behaviors and the level of knowledge about nutrition during pregnancy. Material and Method: Our study is a descriptive study whose universe is costituted of 409 pregnant women in 4 month period. The questionnare consist of 3 parts. The first part aimed to identify the demographic characteristics of the participants,the second part aimed to determine information about nutrition during pregnancy and the third part aimed to identify attitudes and behaviors. Scores of knowledge of the pregnant women about nutrition were calculated out of 100 and were compared to demographic data. Results: The average age was 27.39±4.57, the age of first birth was 23.80±3.43, the age at first marriage was 22.02±3.11. 75.8% of the pregnant women were housewives and 78.2% of the pregnant women were high school graduatesand over. The levels of knowledge of nutrition in pregnant women were calculated as 69.10±14.37. The levels of knowledge of nutrition in primery school graduates according to high school and higher graduates were found statistically significantly lower (p

  20. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy childbearing in the West Coast / Winelands

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    LC Maart

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Many of the known risk factors associated with low birth weight (LB W infants, such as socio-economic status, ethnicity, genetic makeup, and obstetric history, are not within a woman’s immediate control. However, there are many things that a woman can do to improve her chances of having a normal healthy child. Lifestyle behaviours, such as cigarette smoking, nutrition and the use of alcohol, play an important role in determining the growth of the foetus. There is a high rate of low birth weight infants bom to women living and working on the farms in the Western Cape. Very little is known about the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the women living and working on the farms that may be influencing their pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this qualitative exploratory study was to establish the knowledge, attitudes and practices of reproductive age women related to lifestyle factors such as alcohol use, smoking and nutrition, and the perceptions of these factors by health care workers, in Stellenbosch and Vredendal areas (small towns in the Western Cape.

  1. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of pregnant women towards antenatal care in primary healthcare centers in Benghazi, Libya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Hala K; El Borgy, Mohamed D; Mohammed, Huda O

    2014-12-01

    Many underlying factors influence the capacity of women to survive from complications emerging during pregnancy and childbirth, including women's health and nutritional status starting from childhood and during pregnancy. Also, women's access to and the use of appropriate health services according to their knowledge, attitude, and behavior during pregnancy. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, the attitude, and practices of pregnant women toward antenatal care in primary healthcare centers in Benghazi, Libya. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 300 pregnant women, who were chosen from three primary healthcare centers with the highest attendance rate of pregnant women in Benghazi, Libya, using a structured interview questionnaire. The highest percentage (85.3%) of pregnant women had a high knowledge score regarding antenatal care, and most of them (96.0%) showed a positive attitude; the highest percentage (76.4%) of pregnant women also had good practice scores.The level of overall knowledge had a significant direct correlation with the practices towards antenatal care (r=0.228, P≤0.001), whereas it had an insignificant correlation with the attitude (r=0.029, P=0.619). The majority of the participants of the study tended to have a high level of knowledge and practices. Also, most of them had a positive attitude towards antenatal care. These findings can be used to plan a customized health intervention program aiming to improve maternal health practices regarding antenatal care and eventually improve the health status of Libyan women.

  2. Unmarried Mother's Knowledge and Attitudes toward Emergency Contraceptive Pills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyeong Mi Lee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available PurposeThis study was conducted to identify relationships among knowledge and attitudes of unmarried mothers toward emergency contraceptive pills.MethodsData were collected through structured questionnaires from 135 unmarried mothers enrolled in 7 single mothers' facilities nationwide. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe-test, and Pearson correlation coefficients.ResultsFor knowledge about emergency contraceptive pills, there were significant differences among who live with her before pregnancy, experience of past pregnancies, state of present pregnancy and preparation in using contraceptives. For attitude toward emergency contraceptive pills, there were significant differences according to age, education level and religion. There were significant positive relationships between knowledge and attitudes toward emergency contraceptive pills.ConclusionThe results of this study suggest that unmarried women should be better informed about emergency contraceptive pills, and reassured about their safety. Efforts are needed to disseminate up-to-date information to experts in sex education including nurses.

  3. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic use in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajmi, Drita; Berisha, Merita; Begolli, Ilir; Hoxha, Rina; Mehmeti, Rukije; Mulliqi-Osmani, Gjyle; Kurti, Arsim; Loku, Afrim; Raka, Lul

    2017-01-01

    Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents. The methodology used for this survey was based on the European Commission Eurobarometer survey on antimicrobial resistance. More than half of respondents (58.7%) have used antibiotics during the past year. A quarter of respondents consumed antibiotics without a medical prescription. The most common reasons for usage were flu (23.8%), followed by sore throat (20.2%), cold (13%) and common cold (7.6%). 42.5% of respondents think that antibiotics are effective against viral infections. Almost half of respondents (46.7%) received information about the unnecessary use of antibiotics and 32.5% of them report having changed their views and behaviours after receiving this information. Health care workers were identified as the most trustworthy source of information on antibiotic use (67.2%). These results provide quantitative baseline data on Kosovar knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding the use of antibiotic. These findings have potential to empower educational campaigns to promote the prudent use of antibiotics in both community and health care settings.

  4. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic use in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zajmi D

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. Methods: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents. The methodology used for this survey was based on the European Commission Eurobarometer survey on antimicrobial resistance. Results: More than half of respondents (58.7% have used antibiotics during the past year. A quarter of respondents consumed antibiotics without a medical prescription. The most common reasons for usage were flu (23.8%, followed by sore throat (20.2%, cold (13% and common cold (7.6%. 42.5% of respondents think that antibiotics are effective against viral infections. Almost half of respondents (46.7% received information about the unnecessary use of antibiotics and 32.5% of them report having changed their views and behaviours after receiving this information. Health care workers were identified as the most trustworthy source of information on antibiotic use (67.2%. Conclusion: These results provide quantitative baseline data on Kosovar knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding the use of antibiotic. These findings have potential to empower educational campaigns to promote the prudent use of antibiotics in both community and health care settings.

  5. Knowledge, attitudes and practices for the prevention of diabetic foot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia de Sá Policarpo

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices for the prevention of diabetic foot in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. This study was based on a cross-sectional survey conducted in two Family Health Units, in the city of Picos - PI, Brazil, with 85 diabetics of both sexes, by means of a semi-structured Knowledge, Attitude and Practice questionnaire. There was a predominance of females in the study (62.4%. On the topic of foot care, 49.4% had no knowledge on hygiene or what to observe in their feet. In relation to nail care, 56.5% were unaware of the correct way to cut nails. Regarding attitudes, 80% were willing to engage in self-care. In terms of practice, results showed that activities such as washing, drying, moisturizing and massaging were not executed together. It is therefore necessary to develop educational strategies to create awareness, both for diabetics and health professionals, on the effective prevention of diabetic foot.

  6. Patient Safety in Medical Education: Students’ Perceptions, Knowledge and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabilou, Bahram; Feizi, Aram; Seyedin, Hesam

    2015-01-01

    Patient safety is a new and challenging discipline in the Iranian health care industry. Among the challenges for patient safety improvement, education of medical and paramedical students is intimidating. The present study was designed to assess students’ perceptions of patient safety, and their knowledge and attitudes to patient safety education. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 2012 at Urmia University of Medical Sciences, West Azerbaijan province, Iran. 134 students studying medicine, nursing, and midwifery were recruited through census for the study. A questionnaire was used for collecting data, which were then analyzed through SPSS statistical software (version 16.0), using Chi-square test, Spearman correlation coefficient, F and LSD tests. A total of 121 questionnaires were completed, and 50% of the students demonstrated good knowledge about patient safety. The relationships between students’ attitudes to patient safety and years of study, sex and course were significant (0.003, 0.001 and 0.017, respectively). F and LSD tests indicated that regarding the difference between the mean scores of perceptions of patient safety and attitudes to patient safety education, there was a significant difference among medical and nursing/midwifery students. Little knowledge of students regarding patient safety indicates the inefficiency of informal education to fill the gap; therefore, it is recommended to consider patient safety in the curriculums of all medical and paramedical sciences and formulate better policies for patient safety. PMID:26322897

  7. Patient Safety in Medical Education: Students' Perceptions, Knowledge and Attitudes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Nabilou

    Full Text Available Patient safety is a new and challenging discipline in the Iranian health care industry. Among the challenges for patient safety improvement, education of medical and paramedical students is intimidating. The present study was designed to assess students' perceptions of patient safety, and their knowledge and attitudes to patient safety education. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 2012 at Urmia University of Medical Sciences, West Azerbaijan province, Iran. 134 students studying medicine, nursing, and midwifery were recruited through census for the study. A questionnaire was used for collecting data, which were then analyzed through SPSS statistical software (version 16.0, using Chi-square test, Spearman correlation coefficient, F and LSD tests. A total of 121 questionnaires were completed, and 50% of the students demonstrated good knowledge about patient safety. The relationships between students' attitudes to patient safety and years of study, sex and course were significant (0.003, 0.001 and 0.017, respectively. F and LSD tests indicated that regarding the difference between the mean scores of perceptions of patient safety and attitudes to patient safety education, there was a significant difference among medical and nursing/midwifery students. Little knowledge of students regarding patient safety indicates the inefficiency of informal education to fill the gap; therefore, it is recommended to consider patient safety in the curriculums of all medical and paramedical sciences and formulate better policies for patient safety.

  8. Oncofertility Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Canadian Breast Surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Ellen; Yee, Samantha; Kennedy, Erin; Glass, Karen; Foong, Shu; Seminsky, Maureen; Quan, May Lynn

    2016-11-01

    Guidelines recommend that oncologists discuss treatment-related fertility issues with young cancer patients as early as possible after diagnosis and, if appropriate, expedite referral for fertility preservation (FP). This study sought to determine the attitudes and practices of Canadian breast surgeons regarding fertility issues, as well as barriers to and facilitators of fertility discussion and referrals. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 28 site lead surgeons (SLSs) at 28 (97 %) of 29 centers (25 % cancer centers, 64 % teaching hospitals) across Canada participating in RUBY, a pan-Canadian research program for young women with breast cancer. In addition, 56 (65 %) of 86 of their surgical colleagues (non-site lead surgeons [NSLSs]) completed an online survey of their oncofertility knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Of the 28 SLSs (43 % male, 36 % in practice knowledge, 25 % discussed fertility only if mentioned by the patient, 21 % believed fertility discussion and referral were the mandate of the medical oncologist, and 45 % did not know of an FP center in their area. More than 80 % of the NSLSs (54 % male, 30 % in practice knowledge was low among the SLSs, especially the NSLSs, and barriers to referral were identified. An oncofertility knowledge translation intervention specifically for breast surgeons is being developed to increase surgeon knowledge and awareness of oncofertility issues and referral.

  9. Effects of an individualised nutritional education and support programme on dietary habits, nutritional knowledge, and nutritional status of older adults living alone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Jeong-Ah; Park, JeeWon; Kim, Chun-Ja

    2017-09-07

    The effects of an individualised nutritional education and support programme on dietary habits, nutritional knowledge, and nutritional status of 71 older adults living alone were examined. Although a regular dietary meal plan is recommended for improving nutritional status of older adults living alone, little research is done in this field in Korea. A pre- and post-test controlled quasi-experimental design was used at public health centres. The intervention group participated in an intensive nutritional education and support programme once a week for 8 weeks with dietary menus provided by home visiting nurses/dieticians; control group received usual care. Dietary habits and nutritional knowledge were assessed using structured questionnaires; nutritional intake status was analysed using Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program 5.0. The mean age of participants was 77.6 years, and 81.7% of the participants were women. At 8 weeks, there were significant interactions of group by time for dietary habits, nutritional knowledge, and selected nutritional status of protein, iron, and vitamins of B2 and C. Changes over time in the mean score of dietary habits and nutritional knowledge were significantly improved in the intervention group compared to the control group. The percentages of normal nutrition intake of protein, iron, and vitamins A and C in the intervention group were significantly higher than the control group at 8 weeks. Nutritional education and support programme positively impacted dietary habits, nutritional knowledge, and selected nutritional status in older adults living alone, and we highlight the need for community-based nutritional education and counselling programmes. Older adults living alone in a community have relatively poor nutritional status and thus require tailored nutritional intervention according to objective nutritional analysis. It is necessary to link visiting nurses with dieticians in the community to manage effective nutritional

  10. Relationship between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in elite athletes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spronk, Inge; Heaney, Susan E.; Prvan, Tania; O'Connor, Helen T.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the association between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in a convenience sample of athletes (≥ state level) recruited from four Australian State Sport Institutes. General nutrition knowledge was measured by the validated General Nutrition Knowledge Question

  11. Relationship between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in elite athletes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spronk, Inge; Heaney, Susan E.; Prvan, Tania; O'Connor, Helen T.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the association between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in a convenience sample of athletes (≥ state level) recruited from four Australian State Sport Institutes. General nutrition knowledge was measured by the validated General Nutrition Knowledge

  12. 金坛市小学生膳食健康教育干预效果评价%Effects of health education on Chinese Dietary Guidelines and relative nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior among primary school students in Jintan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾根梅; 孙桂菊; 沈洁; 张朋; 刘福康; 黄桂玲; 王少康; 杨瑾; 杨立刚; 艾月仙

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过健康教育,提高江苏省金坛市小学生相关知识、态度、行为水平,培养小学生的良好饮食习惯.方法 选取金坛市2所小学307名五年级学生为调查对象,对其进行膳食指南相关营养知识、态度、行为调查,选择其中1所学校为干预学校,进行相关营养知识健康教育,另1所学校作为对照,3个月后对干预效果进行评价.结果 干预学校学生基线调查和终期调查营养知识得分分别为(4.51±2.32)、(9.82±2.65)分,差异有统计学意义(t=-28.74,P<0.05);对照学校学生基线调查和终期调查营养知识得分分别为(5.18±1.98)、(5.86±1.75)分,差异无统计学意义;干预学校小学生健康教育干预后的营养知识明显提高,饮食行为趋于合理,听说过膳食指南的学生由15.5%(17/109)提高到84.4%(92/109)(χ2=103.21,P<0.05),每天吃早餐的学生由59.8%(65/109)上升到72.5%(79/109)(χ20=4.01,P=0.045),每周不吃膨化食品的学生由16.5%(18/109)上升到35.7%(39/109)(χ2=10.48,P=0.001),差异均有统计学意义.结论 营养健康教育可提高小学生的营养知识水平,改善其饮食理念和饮食行为.%Objective To improve knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) of dietary nutrition among primary school students through health education. Methods A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 307 students of grade 5 in 2 primary schools in Jintan city,Jiangsu province. The students in one school were given health education on the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2007 for 3 months and the other school was taken as control group. The effect was evaluated 3 months after the education. Results After the education, the nutritional knowledge of the students improved significantly and their dietary behavior became more reasonable. The students who learnd the Chinese Dietary Guidelines rised from 15.5 % ( 17/109 ) to 84.4 % ( 92/109 ) (X2 = 103. 21, P < 0. 05 ) and the percentage of the students having

  13. Knowledge, Attitude and Preventive Practice of Women Concerning Osteoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Jalili

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: To determine the knowledge, attitude and preventive practice of women above 45 years old. Methods: A total of 770 households in Kerman (southern Iran were selected for inclusion in the study using cluster sam¬pling from April through August 2005. The interview schedule consisted of 4 parts including questions about knowledge, atti¬tude and practice (KAP and also demographic questions. The average score for KAP was 9.3 out of 21, 2.6 out of 5 and 1.5 out of 6, respectively. Results: Adequate osteoprotective exercise and sufficient calcium intake were found in 3.8% and 5.5% of subjects, respec¬tively. A significant relationship between the score of preventive practice and all the following parameters was found: level of education, hearing about osteoporosis, knowledge score, perceived barrier to preventive actions and perceived serious¬ness of osteoporosis. Conclusion: Considering the Iranian women’s inaccurate or insufficient knowledge and their negative attitude to the preven¬tive actions and their weak practice in case of prevention, it is the responsibility of health policymakers and medi¬cal associations to plan for osteoporosis education and prevention initiatives.

  14. Nurses' and Nursing Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Pediatric Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponce-Monter, Héctor A.; Rangel-Flores, Eduardo; Castro-Gamez, Blanca; Romero-Quezada, Luis C.; O'Brien, Jessica P.; Romo-Hernández, Georgina; Escamilla-Acosta, Marco A.

    2015-01-01

    Nursing staff spend more time with patients with pain than any other health staff member. For this reason, the nurse must possess the basic knowledge to identify the presence of pain in patients, to measure its intensity and make the steps necessary for treatment. Therefore, a prospective, descriptive, analytical, and cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding pediatric pain in two different populations. The questionnaire, Pediatric Nurses Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (PKNAS), was applied to 111 hospital pediatric nurses and 300 university nursing students. The final scores for pediatric nurses and nursing students were 40.1 ± 7.9 and 40.3 ± 7.5, respectively. None of the sociodemographic variables predicted the scores obtained by the participants (P > 0.05). There was a high correlation between the PKNAS scores of pediatric nurses and nursing students (r = 0.86, P < 0.001). It was observed that the degree of knowledge about pain and its treatment was very low in both groups. Due to this deficiency, pain in children remains inadequately managed, which leads to suffering in this population. It is necessary to increase the continued training in this subject in both areas. PMID:26543643

  15. Knowledge and Attitudes toward Epilepsy among Malaysian Chinese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrishantha Abeysena

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Epileptics are often socially discriminated due to the negative public attitudes, misconceptions and false beliefs. Thus, the main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy among Malaysian Chinese.Methods: A cross-sectional study by using a 23-item validated, self-administered questionnaire was carried out in urban areas, selected through stratified sampling. A Chinese population was randomly selected in the stratified areas of Penang, Ipoh, Klang valley, and Kuala Lumpur and was asked to complete the questionnaire.Results: Among 382 (74.6% respondents, 16.2% believed that epilepsy is a type of mental illness. Majority (90.8% accepted that epileptics can become useful members of the society however, only 16% agreed to marry them. About 57% of respondents recognised epilepsy as nervous system problem. Significant relationships between education level and statements such as, epileptics are as intelligent as everyone else (p=0.009, epilepsy can be successfully treated with drugs (p=0.037 and epileptics can be successful in their chosen career (p=0.009, were found.Conclusions: The general Chinese population in the selected areas of peninsular Malaysia had relatively good knowledge and positive attitudes toward certain aspects of epilepsy at the time of the investigation. However, minority of the study participants demonstrated prejudice and discriminatory behaviour towards people with epilepsy.

  16. Nurses' attitudes and knowledge of their roles in newborn abandonment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cesario, Sandra K

    2003-01-01

    The practice of abandoning newborns shortly after birth has always existed. Occurring in primitive and contemporary societies, the motivations for newborn abandonment are varied and dependent upon the social norms of a specific geographic region at a given point in time. Because the desire to abandon an infant has had no support system in American society, such unwanted infants have been abandoned in a manner leading to their deaths. In response, many states have passed safe-haven legislation to save the lives of unwanted newborns. The laws typically specify a mother's ability to "abandon" her child to a medical service provider. However, judgmental attitudes and a lack of accurate information may impede a health care provider's ability to carry out a safe-haven law. The study described here examines a sample of nurses in a state with a safe-haven law. The study revealed no significant correlation between a nurse's knowledge, attitude, and self-perception of preparedness to manage a newborn abandonment event. owever, the outcomes highlight the negative attitudes and lack of knowledge many nurses possess regarding newborn abandonment and the women who commit this act. Educational programs for all health care providers and the community are essential to the efficacy of the legislation that currently exists. Continued multidisciplinary strategizing and general awareness are needed to serve as catalysts to build supports for unwanted newborns and their safe assimilation into the community.

  17. The Effects of Nutrition Education on 6th Graders Knowledge of Nutrition in Nine-Year Primary Schools in Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

    2011-01-01

    Incorporating nutrition topics in the primary school curricula should support the acquisition of nutrition knowledge in different ways and indirectly the development of healthy eating habits in children and teenagers. In Slovenia, nutrition education is part of all primary school education levels and may take the form of compulsory and/or elective…

  18. The Effects of Nutrition Education on 6th Graders Knowledge of Nutrition in Nine-Year Primary Schools in Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

    2011-01-01

    Incorporating nutrition topics in the primary school curricula should support the acquisition of nutrition knowledge in different ways and indirectly the development of healthy eating habits in children and teenagers. In Slovenia, nutrition education is part of all primary school education levels and may take the form of compulsory and/or elective…

  19. [Osteoporosis. Knowledge and attitudes of the Norwegian population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joakimsen, R M; Søgaard, A J; Tollan, A; Magnus, J H

    1996-06-30

    In March 1994, a random sample of 1,514 Norwegians aged 16-79 years were interviewed about their knowledge of osteoporosis and their attitudes towards prevention of this disease. About 85% answered correctly that osteoporosis can be prevented, but only 57% knew that it cannot be cured. Women had better knowledge of osteoporosis than men had. Two thirds of the women were positive to the use of long-term hormone replacement therapy to prevent osteoporosis. The majority of women aged 60 years or more preferred walking to other physical activities to prevent the disease. Although the data demonstrated fairly good general knowledge of osteoporosis in the population, the oldest women, those at the highest risk of developing the disease, knew less about osteoporosis than the younger women did.

  20. Attitudes and knowledge of nurses on organ legacy and transplantation

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    Vlaisavljević Željko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Nurses represent an important link in mediating between the potential donors and their relatives’ consent to organ and tissue transplantation. The message of the Health Department to potential donors about the importance of organ donation was supported by the Serbian Orthodox Church, the army and other institutions through media campaigns. Nurses could contribute to this action by their personal example. Objective. The aim of this study was identification and bivariate analysis of nurse attitude about organ donation, their knowledge about the importance of transplantation as treatment methods, as well as the connection between work experience and education level with the formation of attitudes and new skills. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 291 nurses from the Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, filled in the questionnaire on the effect of correlation between the length of the service and level of education on knowledge and attitudes toward organ transplantation and organ donation. Results. Out of 291 respondents, 67.4% have completed the nursing school and 32.6% have higher education. The majority (63.9% of respondents knew that the EEG was the most valid method for determining brain death. The question regarding the possibility of buying organs was answered correctly by 68.7% of respondents. A large majority (91% would accept organ transplant, if needed, but only 32.0% would be organ donors, and only 0.3% owned a donor card. In contrast, one third of nurses were already blood donors. Conclusion. In case of necessary transplantation, nurses would accept someone else’s organ, though they do not possess donor cards, but just few would donate their organs. It is possible that prejudice arises from ignorance and distrust in the health policy of the Republic of Serbia. However, besides negative attitude, nurses have expressed interest in learning and professional development in the area of transplantation.

  1. Effects of Knowledge on Attitude Formation and Change Toward Genetically Modified Foods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xiaoqin; Xie, Xiaofei

    2015-05-01

    In three waves, this study investigates the impact of risk and benefit knowledge on attitude formation toward genetically modified (GM) foods as well as the moderating effect of knowledge level on attitude change caused by receiving information. The data in Wave 1 (N = 561) demonstrate that both benefit and risk knowledge either directly contribute to attitude formation or indirectly affect attitudes through the mediating roles of benefit and risk perceptions. Overall, benefit and risk knowledge affect consumer attitudes positively and negatively, respectively. In Wave 2, 486 participants from Wave 1 were provided with information about GM foods, and their attitudes were assessed. Three weeks later, 433 of these participants again reported their attitudes. The results indicate that compared with the benefit and mixed information, risk information has a greater and longer lasting impact on attitude change, which results in lower acceptance of GM foods. Furthermore, risk information more strongly influences participants with a higher knowledge level. The moderating effect of knowledge on attitude change may result from these participants' better understanding of and greater trust in the information. These findings highlight the important role of knowledge in attitude formation and attitude change toward GM foods as well as the necessity of considering the determinants of attitude formation in attitude change studies.

  2. Methodological and Statistical Quality in Research Evaluating Nutritional Attitudes in Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouvelioti, Rozalia; Vagenas, George

    2015-12-01

    The assessment of dietary attitudes and behaviors provides information of interest to sports nutritionists. Although there has been little analysis of the quality of research undertaken in this field, there is evidence of a number of flaws and methodological concerns in some of the studies in the available literature. This review undertook a systematic assessment of the attributes of research assessing the nutritional knowledge and attitudes of athletes and coaches. Sixty questionnaire-based studies were identified by a search of official databases using specific key terms with subsequent analysis by certain inclusion-exclusion criteria. These studies were then analyzed using 33 research quality criteria related to the methods, questionnaires, and statistics used. We found that many studies did not provide information on critical issues such as research hypotheses (92%), the gaining of ethics approval (50%) or informed consent (35%), or acknowledgment of limitations in the implementation of studies or interpretation of data (72%). Many of the samples were nonprobabilistic (85%) and rather small (42%). Many questionnaires were of unknown origin (30%), validity (72%), and reliability (70%) and resulted in low (≤ 60%) response rates (38%). Pilot testing was not undertaken in 67% of the studies. Few studies dealt with sample size (2%), power (3%), assumptions (7%), confidence intervals (3%), or effect sizes (3%). Improving some of these problems and deficits may enhance future research in this field.

  3. Breastfeeding Knowledge, Confidence, Beliefs, and Attitudes of Canadian Physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pound, Catherine M; Williams, Kathryn; Grenon, Renee; Aglipay, Mary; Plint, Amy C

    2014-08-01

    Physicians' attitudes and recommendations directly affect breastfeeding duration. Yet, studies in many nations have shown that physicians lack the skills to offer proper guidance to breastfeeding mothers. This study aims to assess breastfeeding knowledge, confidence, beliefs, and attitudes of Canadian physicians. A breastfeeding questionnaire was developed and piloted prior to study enrollment. These questionnaires were sent to 1429 pediatricians (PED), 1329 family physicians (FP), and final-year pediatric and final-year family medicine residents (PR and FMR). The analysis included 397 PED, 322 FP, 17 PR, and 44 FMR who completed the questionnaire. Mean overall correct knowledge score was 67.8% for PED, 64.3% for FP, 72.7% for PR, and 66.8% for FMR. Two hundred eighty-five PED (74.2%), 228 FP (73.1%), 7 PR (41.2%), and 21 FMR (53.8%) felt confident with their breastfeeding counseling skills. Less than half (49.6% of PED and 45.4% of FP) believed that evaluating breastfeeding was a primary care physician's responsibility, and few PED or FP (5.1% and 11.3%) routinely observed breastfeeding in mother-infant pairs. Several areas of potential deficits were identified in Canadian physicians' breastfeeding knowledge. Physicians would benefit from greater education and support, to optimize care of infants and their mothers. © The Author(s) 2014.

  4. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dyeing and printing workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paramasivam Parimalam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Millions of workers are occupationally exposed to dyes in the world, but little is known about their knowledge and attitudes toward the effects of dye on their health. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the fabric dyers′ and fabric printers′ knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the health hazard of dyes. Materials and Methods: The present study was taken up in the Madurai district which is situated in the Southern Tamil Nadu, India. One hundred and forty-two workers employed in small-scale dyeing and printing units participated in a face-to-face confidential interview . Results: The mean age of fabric dyers and fabric printers was 42 years (΁10.7. When enquired about whether dyes affect body organ(s, all the workers agreed that dye(s will affect skin, but they were not aware that dyes could affect other parts of the body. All the workers believed that safe methods of handling of dyes and disposal of contaminated packaging used for dyes need to be considered. It was found that 34% of the workers were using personal protective equipment (PPE such as rubber hand gloves during work. Conclusion: The workers had knowledge regarding the occupational hazards, and their attitudinal approach toward the betterment of the work environment is positive.

  5. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Mothers Regarding Infant Feeding Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushma Sriram

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Present study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers towards infant feeding practices. Materials and methods: The mothers of infants, coming to a tertiary care centre, Ahmedabad, on outpatient basis were interviewed using a pre-designed questionnaire. Total 150 mothers were interviewed. Results: Out of the total, 18% mothers were illiterate.58.67% mothers have been counselled by doctor about feeding. Regarding breast feeding, 96% knew about exclusive breast feeding up to 6months. 90.67% think that colostrum is good for baby.34.67% mothers have given pre-lacteal feeds, tea and jaggery was most common.84.67% mothers knew that they should take extra food during lactation. Father (36% most commonly help in feeding while 31.33% don’t get any domestic help.78.67% women consult doctor for feeding problems. Most common reason of stopping breast feeding was inadequate milk secretion(54.67%.18% think that feeding should be stopped during illness. 75.33% women were completely satisfied with their feeding practices. Conclusion-Mothers had good knowledge about infant feeding practices. Inspite of good knowledge there are lacunae in the practices of mothers due to social and economic reasons. Level of education has positive impact on infant feeding practices. Counselling by doctors had a better impact on the attitude and practices of mothers. [Natl J Med Res 2013; 3(2.000: 147-150

  6. Nurses' and Nursing Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Pediatric Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz, Mario I; Ponce-Monter, Héctor A; Rangel-Flores, Eduardo; Castro-Gamez, Blanca; Romero-Quezada, Luis C; O'Brien, Jessica P; Romo-Hernández, Georgina; Escamilla-Acosta, Marco A

    2015-01-01

    Nursing staff spend more time with patients with pain than any other health staff member. For this reason, the nurse must possess the basic knowledge to identify the presence of pain in patients, to measure its intensity and make the steps necessary for treatment. Therefore, a prospective, descriptive, analytical, and cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding pediatric pain in two different populations. The questionnaire, Pediatric Nurses Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (PKNAS), was applied to 111 hospital pediatric nurses and 300 university nursing students. The final scores for pediatric nurses and nursing students were 40.1 ± 7.9 and 40.3 ± 7.5, respectively. None of the sociodemographic variables predicted the scores obtained by the participants (P > 0.05). There was a high correlation between the PKNAS scores of pediatric nurses and nursing students (r = 0.86, P pain and its treatment was very low in both groups. Due to this deficiency, pain in children remains inadequately managed, which leads to suffering in this population. It is necessary to increase the continued training in this subject in both areas.

  7. Knowledge and attitudes of physiotherapy students towards obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Awotidebe

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Obesity has been recognised as a risk factor for non-communicable diseases, with more than one billion adults worldwide who are overweight, of which approximately 300 million are obese. Obesity puts an individual in danger of a shorter life expectancy and at risk for developing chronic diseases of life style, which includediabetes, cardio vascular disease and musculoskeletal disorders such as arthritis and back pain. Wide spread negative attitudes towards obese people have been observed which are equally prevalent among health care professionals.  This study was based on the need to determine the knowledge and attitudes towards obese people among physiotherapy students, as they are well suited to address theintricacies of obesity and its related conditions. One hundred and seventy five students from a university in the Western Cape, South Africa, completed a structured, self-administered questionnaire that was adopted from the Obesity Risk Knowledge and Fat Phobia Scale. The study sample demonstrated average levels of knowledge regarding obesity with scores ranging from 3 to 9 on a scale of 10 with a mean score of 6.05. A n overwhelming majority of the participants(> 80% viewed obesity as largely a behavioural problem while nearly all the participants (97.6% characterised obese people as lazy, unattractive, insecure and with lower self-esteem. This study has reinforced the need for a morefocussed approach to the education of physiotherapy students around obesity and obesity-related conditions, as well asthe management thereof.

  8. Korean women: breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryujin Lisa T

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Clustered within the nomenclature of Asian American are numerous subgroups, each with their own ethnic heritage, cultural, and linguistic characteristics. An understanding of the prevailing health knowledge, attitudes, and screening behaviors of these subgroups is essential for creating population-specific health promotion programs. Methods Korean American women (123 completed baseline surveys of breast cancer knowledge, attitudes, and screening behaviors as part of an Asian grocery store-based breast cancer education program evaluation. Follow-up telephone surveys, initiated two weeks later, were completed by 93 women. Results Low adherence to the American Cancer Society's breast cancer screening guidelines and insufficient breast cancer knowledge were reported. Participants' receptiveness to the grocery store-based breast cancer education program underscores the importance of finding ways to reach Korean women with breast cancer early detection information and repeated cues for screening. The data also suggest that the Asian grocery store-based cancer education program being tested may have been effective in motivating a proportion of the women to schedule a breast cancer screening between the baseline and follow-up surveys. Conclusion The program offers a viable strategy to reach Korean women that addresses the language, cultural, transportation, and time barriers they face in accessing breast cancer early detection information.

  9. Nutrition Education by a Registered Dietitian Improves Dietary Intake and Nutrition Knowledge of a NCAA Female Volleyball Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valliant, Melinda W.; Pittman Emplaincourt, Heather; Wenzel, Rachel Kieckhaefer; Garner, Bethany Hilson

    2012-01-01

    Eleven female participants from a NCAA Division I volleyball team were evaluated for adequate energy and macronutrient intake during two off-seasons. Total energy and macronutrient intake were assessed by food records and results were compared against estimated needs using the Nelson equation. Dietary intervention was employed regarding the individual dietary needs of each athlete as well as a pre- and post-sports nutrition knowledge survey. Post dietary intervention, total energy, and macronutrient intake improved, as well as a significant improvement in sports nutrition knowledge (p < 0.001). Nutrition education is useful in improving dietary intake and nutrition knowledge of female athletes. PMID:22822449

  10. Health professionals' knowledge and attitudes toward older people in primary care in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alamri, Badrya H; Xiao, Lily D

    2017-03-01

    Previous international studies have indicated that a range of factors influence knowledge and attitudes toward older people were education, past work experiences, and social contact with healthy older people. This article reports on the findings of a literature review in relation to attitudes toward older people among health professionals working in primary healthcare centers in Saudi Arabia. The findings of this narrative literature are reported through 5 themes: the instruments used in the selected studies to measure attitudes toward older people; the instruments used to measure knowledge on ageing; attitudes toward older people; knowledge of the care of older people; and factors that influence knowledge and attitudes toward older people. Further investigation is needed to identify the level of knowledge on ageing, attitudes toward older people, and the factors which affect health professionals' knowledge and attitudes toward older people in primary healthcare centers in Saudi Arabia.

  11. HPV Vaccination: Attitude and Knowledge among German Gynecologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolben, T. M.; Dannecker, C.; Baltateanu, K.; Goess, C.; Starrach, T.; Semmlinger, A.; Ditsch, N.; Gallwas, J.; Mahner, S.; Friese, K.; Kolben, T.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: In order to achieve a higher vaccination rate, education on HPV as well as options for prophylaxis performed by doctors is of great importance. One opportunity to increase the protection against HPV would be vaccinating boys. This study evaluated attitude and knowledge among German gynecologists regarding HPV vaccination, especially in boys. Material and Methods: A questionnaire with 42 questions about demographics, attitude and knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination was sent to members of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG). Results: 998 out of 6567 addressed gynecologists participated. Knowledge about HPV, associated diseases and possible HPV vaccines was high among participants. The attitude towards vaccination in boys as well as girls was positive. Only 8.2 % refused to vaccinate their sons whereas 2.2 % refused to do this for their daughters. However, only few gynecologists vaccinated their daughters and sons against HPV. Main reason for girls was an age outside of vaccination guidelines; for boys it was the lack of cost coverage. Conclusion: The willingness of gynecologists to perform HPV vaccination in boys is as high as for girls. However, sons of gynecologists are only rarely vaccinated against HPV. Main reason is the lack of cost coverage. Vaccinating boys could decrease the disease burden in males, as well as protect women by interrupting ways of transmission. Since the main argument against vaccination of boys is only of financial nature, the necessity of a vaccination recommendation for boys needs to be re-evaluated taking into account the cost-reduced 2-dose vaccination scheme.

  12. Knowledge and attitude of university students towards premarital screening program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Kindi, Rahma; Al Rujaibi, Salha; Al Kendi, Maya

    2012-07-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and attitude of Sultan Qaboos University students towards premarital screening program. A cross-sectional study conducted at the students' clinic from January to April 2011. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 590 unmarried Omani students of both genders. The questionnaire consisted of 3 main parts; the first part was based on socio-demographic data, the second part dealt with the students' knowledge about the premarital screening program while the third part explored their attitudes towards the screening program. Most of the participants (n=469; 79%) were aware about the availability of premarital screening program in Oman. The main sources of information were: school/college (n=212; 36%), media (n=209; 35%), family and friends (n=197; 33%), and/or health services (n=181, 31%). The vast majority of the participants (n=540; 92%) thought it is important to carry out premarital screening and agreed to do it. Around half of the participants (n=313; 53%) favored having premarital screening as an obligatory procedure before marriage and about one third (n=212; 36%) favored making laws and regulation to prevent marriage in case of positive results. Even though the majority of the participants thought it is important to carry out premarital screening; only half favored making it obligatory before marriage and one third favored making laws and regulations to prevent marriage in case of positive results. This reflects the importance of health education as a keystone in improving knowledge and attitude towards premarital screening program.

  13. Knowledge and Attitude of University Students Towards Premarital Screening Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahma Al Kindi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and attitude of Sultan Qaboos University students towards premarital screening program.Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at the students’ clinic from January to April 2011. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 590 unmarried Omani students of both genders. The questionnaire consisted of 3 main parts; the first part was based on socio-demographic data, the second part dealt with the students’ knowledge about the premarital screening program while the third part explored their attitudes towards the screening program.Results: Most of the participants (n=469; 79% were aware about the availability of premarital screening program in Oman. The main sources of information were: school/college (n=212; 36%, media (n=209; 35%, family and friends (n=197; 33%, and/or health services (n=181, 31%. The vast majority of the participants (n=540; 92% thought it is important to carry out premarital screening and agreed to do it. Around half of the participants (n=313; 53% favored having premarital screening as an obligatory procedure before marriage and about one third (n=212; 36% favored making laws and regulation to prevent marriage in case of positive results.Conclusion: Even though the majority of the participants thought it is important to carry out premarital screening; only half favored making it obligatory before marriage and one third favored making laws and regulations to prevent marriage in case of positive results. This reflects the importance of health education as a keystone in improving knowledge and attitude towards premarital screening program.

  14. Revealing sexuality: have nurses' knowledge and attitudes changed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giddings, L S; Wood, P J

    1998-07-01

    All nurses should be adequately prepared for assisting clients with issues relating to sexuality. This article describes a descriptive study undertaken between 1988 and 1991 which used a questionnaire to survey the knowledge and attitudes of New Zealand pre- and post-registration nursing students regarding sexuality. The results of this study have previously been available only in an unpublished report. As interest in this area of research is increasing overseas, and as it is now time to consider resurveying New Zealand nurses, it is useful to have a summary of the findings available to a wider audience. Phase One analysed the responses of a convenience sample of 319 registered nurses undertaking a one-year post-registration programme in four New Zealand schools of nursing in either 1988 or 1989. Phase Two analysed 575 questionnaires completed by a convenience sample of nursing students in their first and/or third years of a three-year programme leading to nursing registration. Analysis of the 35 true/false items showed that students near the completion of their programme were as knowledgeable or more knowledgeable than registered nurses, although there were areas where both groups lacked information. Analysis of the 33 items measuring attitudes on a 5-point Likert scale suggested that the attitudes of both pre- and post-registration students were more liberal than conservative, but with some differences discernible when participants were grouped by demographic variables. Importantly, the study found that 55% of pre-registration students, and 88% of registered nurse participants, felt that nurses were inadequately prepared for helping clients with concerns about sexual matters. The findings are compared with those of studies undertaken overseas this decade.

  15. Maximizing the Nutritional Value of Produce Post-Harvest: Consumer Knowledge Gaps, Interests, and Opinions Regarding Nutrition Education Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remley, Dan; Goard, Linnette Mizer; Taylor, Christopher A.; Ralston, Robin A.

    2015-01-01

    Although many consumers perceive locally produced, fresh fruits and vegetables to be healthier, they might not have the knowledge and skills to retain optimal nutritional quality following harvest or purchase. We surveyed Ohio farmers market consumers' and managers' knowledge and interests related to maximizing nutritional value of produce.…

  16. English professional football players concussion knowledge and attitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua M. Williams

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that Championship Level English footballers have moderate concussion knowledge, safe attitudes, and good concussion symptom recognition when assessed with pen and paper questionnaires. However, within the semi-structured interview many respondents reported unsafe concussion behaviors despite accurately identifying the potential risks. Further, multiple barriers to concussion reporting were identified which included perceived severity of the injury, game situations, and the substitution rule. These findings can help form the foundation of educational interventions to potentially improve concussion reporting behaviors amongst professional footballers.

  17. Exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to alcohol in Mongolia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demaio, Alessandro R; Dugee, Otgontuya; de Courten, Maximilian;

    2013-01-01

    The leading cause of mortality in Mongolia is Non-Communicable Disease. Alcohol is recognised by the World Health Organization as one of the four major disease drivers and so, in order to better understand and triangulate recent national burden-of-disease surveys and to inform policy responses to...... to alcohol consumption in Mongolia, a national Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices survey was conducted. Focusing on Non-Communicable Diseases and their risk factors, this publication explores the alcohol-related findings of this national survey....

  18. Cypriot nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards alternative medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoe, Roupa; Charalambous, Charalambos; Popi, Sotiropoulou; Maria, Rekleiti; Aris, Vasilopoulos; Agoritsa, Koulouri; Evangelia, Kotrotsiou

    2014-02-01

    To investigate Cypriot nurses' knowledge and attitude towards alternative treatments. Two hundred randomly selected registered Nurses from public hospitals in Cyprus were administered an anonymous self-report questionnaire with closed-type questions. The particular questionnaire has previously been used in similar surveys. Six questions referred to demographic data and 14 questions to attitudes and knowledge towards alternative medicine. One hundred and thirty-eight questionnaires were adequately completed and evaluated. Descriptive and inferential statistics was performed. SPSS 17.0 was used. Statistical significance was set at p alternative treatment at some point in their lives in order to deal with a certain medical situation. Most of these nurses who reported some knowledge on specific alternative treatment methods, (75.9%) also reported using such methods within their clinical practice. The nurses who had received some form of alternative treatment reported using them more often in their clinical practice, in comparison to those who had never received such treatment (Mann-Whitney U = 1137, p = 0.006). The more frequently nurses used alternative treatment in their clinical practice, the more interested they got in expanding their knowledge on the subject (Pearson's r = 0.250, p = 0.006). Most nurses are familiar with alternative medicine and interested in expanding their knowledge on subject, despite the fact that they do not usually practice it. Special education and training as well as legislative actions are necessary for alternative medicine to be broadly accepted. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of malaria in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forero, David A; Chaparro, Pablo E; Vallejo, Andres F; Benavides, Yoldy; Gutiérrez, Juan B; Arévalo-Herrera, Myriam; Herrera, Sócrates

    2014-05-01

    Although Colombia has witnessed an important decrease in malaria transmission, the disease remains a public health problem with an estimated ~10 million people currently living in areas with malaria risk and ~61,000 cases reported in 2012. This study aimed to determine and compare the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) about malaria in three endemic communities of Colombia to provide the knowledge framework for development of new intervention strategies for malaria elimination. A cross-sectional KAP survey was conducted in the municipalities of Tierralta, Buenaventura and Tumaco, categorized according to high risk (HR) and moderate risk (MR) based on the annual parasite index (API). Surveys were managed using REDCap and analysed using MATLAB and GraphPad Prism. A total of 267 residents, mostly women (74%) were surveyed. Although no differences were observed on the knowledge of classical malaria symptoms between HR and MR regions, significant differences were found in knowledge and attitudes about transmission mechanisms, anti-malarial use and malaria diagnosis. Most responders in both regions (93.5% in MR, and 94.3% in HR areas) indicated use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to protect themselves from malaria, and 75.5% of responders in HR indicated they did nothing to prevent malaria transmission outdoors. Despite a high level of knowledge in the study regions, significant gaps persisted relating to practices. Self-medication and poor adherence to treatment, as well as lack of both indoor and outdoor vector control measures, were significantly associated with higher malaria risk. Although significant efforts are currently being made by the Ministry of Health to use community education as one of the main components of the control strategy, these generic education programmes may not be applicable to all endemic regions of Colombia given the substantial geographic, ethnic and cultural diversity.

  20. [Knowledge and attitude of adolescent girls regarding folic acid use].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benítez, Ania; Benítez, Omar; Irizarry, Luis; Ginel Rodríguez, José; Vélez-Crespo, Michael

    2006-01-01

    To determine the adolescent's knowledge and attitude on the use of folic acid to avoid congenital neural tube defects. Three hundred and three (303) adolescent students from two different schools, one private and one public, were asked to complete a pre-test survey. After completing the survey, a lecture was given addressing the importance of folic acid and the benefits of taking this vitamin at an early stage to avoid neural tube defect. Two weeks later a post-test was administered to evaluate the knowledge acquired. The variables were grouped based on the knowledge of folic acid used, the attitudes toward folic acid consumption and the economic level of the participants. On the pre-test the adolescents demonstrated 52.5% of knowledge on the use of folic acid. After the educational conference, the tested knowledge increased to 87.5%. Eighteen percent (18%) of the adolescents reported on the pre-test that they consumed folic acid; this result increased to 69.3% on the post-test. On the pre-test, 31.7% of the participants related folic acid as an etiology of neural tube defect. Following the post-test, 96% of the adolescents were able to provide correct answers about the benefits of folic acid. Less than 50% of the adolescents recognized that folic acid is a vitamin. More than 80% of the surveyed adolescents do not consume folic acid. In general, the majority of the adolescents did not know the benefits of folic acid during the pre-conception period.

  1. [Knowledge and attitudes of medical students on decriminalized induced abortion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintero-Roa, Eliana M; Ochoa-Vera, Miguel E

    2015-12-01

    Objective To explore if the academic exposure to legal abortion affects the knowledge and attitudes of medical students. Method To asses this relationship, both qualitative and quantitative approaches were performed. We analyzed a medical student cohort enrolled in gynecology and obstetrics at two accredited universities in Bucaramanga, Colombia during the second half of 2011. Students were invited to participate in two anonymous surveys. One survey was conducted in the first three weeks of the semester, and the second was done in the last three weeks. A quantitative approach was taken by a group interview of two random groups of participants. One group was composed of medical students of gynecology and obstetrics (fourth year of medicine), and the other group was composed of medical students in their last year (internal medical students). Results The items pregnancy with risk to the mother´s life, or affected by a non-viable fetal malformation, or result of rape were recognized and accepted. 46% of the participants changed their attitude about legal abortion at the end of the semester. Three out of every four participants changed their attitude to accept the decriminalized conditions, while one out of every four people had the opposite change of opinion. Medical student´s don´t believe that general practitioners are trained to advice patients in these cases. Conclusions Educating and training general practitioners in issues related to legal abortion may decrease the risk of inadequate medical assessment in cases of legal abortion.

  2. Development of a Student Health Assessment System: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors in Middle-School Students. Research Report. ETS RR-10-04

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCann, Carolyn; Roberts, Richard D.

    2010-01-01

    Newly developed assessments of nutrition and exercise knowledge, attitudes, and behavior were administered to 383 eighth-graders. Evidence for the validity of assessment scores was evaluated with five findings. First, parent- and self-reported behaviors were similar and congruent for healthy eating and exercising but not for sedentary behaviors or…

  3. Evaluation of the Knowledge and Attitude Changes of Mothers in Neonatal Care

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    Şahin Hamilçıkan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim was to determine the initial knowledge of mothers about neonatal care and evaluate their knowledge, care and attitude changes following individual education. Materials and Methods: Questionnaire forms designed on the subject of infant care and nutrition were given to mothers right after delivery. Before being discharged they were informed by the doctor and breastfeeding nurse about nutrition, infant care, and the most common mistakes. These forms were reapplied on the 15th and 30th days in neonatal polyclinic controls and the changes were evaluated. The correct information was repeated to the mothers who were detected to have misinformation and wrong attitudes in the evaluations in each form application period. Results: A total of 100 mothers and their infants were included in the study. No difference was determined in the nutrition rates of infants with food other than breast milk on the first day, 15th and 30th days. However, the breastfeeding rates obtained were higher on the 30th day than on the 15th, with an interval of two hours, and in general breastfeeding rates were low on the 15th and 30th days. The rates of bathing the infants with and without a bathtub net were determined to be high on the 15th and 30th days. The change in the infants’ sleeping positions, the place of sleep, and the presence of rails/guards around the crib on the 15th and 30th days were not found to be significant compared to the 1st day. There was a significant increase in the umbilical care rates on the 15th and 30th days. The increase in washing the clothes of the infants with soap powder, and the decrease in swaddling after the education were found to be significant. Furthermore, it was determined that the mothers received infant care information more frequently from the healthcare organisation on the 15th and 30th days compared to the 1st day. The highest correlation between the maternal education level and the post-education knowledge and

  4. Nutrition Knowledge and Milk and Milk Product Consumption in a Group of Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster-Coull, Lisa; Sabry, Jean Henderson

    1993-01-01

    To examine the relationship between nutrition knowledge and milk/milk product consumption by women, data were collected from 457 female office employees. Statistically significant relationships were found between level of nutrition knowledge and age, education, and occupation. No statistically significant relationships between nutrition knowledge…

  5. Sports Nutrition Knowledge among Mid-Major Division I University Student-Athletes

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    Ashley Andrews

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Competitive athletes have goals to optimize performance and to maintain healthy body composition. Sports nutrition is a component of training programs often overlooked by student-athletes and their coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine student-athletes’ sports nutrition knowledge across sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Participants included 123 mid-major Division I university student-athletes (47 females and 76 males from baseball, softball, men’s soccer, track and field, and tennis. The student-athletes completed a survey questionnaire to determine adequate sports nutrition knowledge (mean ≥ 75%. The overall mean sports nutrition knowledge score for the student-athletes was 56.9% which was considered inadequate sports nutrition knowledge (mean < 75%. Only 12 student-athletes achieved adequate sports nutrition knowledge score of 75% or higher. There were no differences by sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Student-athletes’ inadequate sports nutrition knowledge may place them at nutrition risk, lead to impaired performance, and affect their lean body mass and energy levels. Athletics personnel should not assume student-athletes have adequate sports nutrition knowledge. Athletic departments may make available a board certified Sports Dietitian or Registered Dietitian and offer classroom or online courses facilitating student-athletes to optimize nutrition knowledge and behaviors.

  6. The Effects of Concept and Vee Mappings under Three Learning Modes on Jamaican Eighth Graders' Knowledge of Nutrition and Plant Reproduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugwu, Okechukwu; Soyibo, Kola

    2004-01-01

    The first objective of this study was to investigate if the experimental students' post-test knowledge of nutrition and plant reproduction would be improved more significantly than that of their control group counterparts based on their treatment, attitudes to science, self-esteem, gender and socio-economic background. Treatment involved teaching…

  7. The Effects of Concept and Vee Mappings under Three Learning Modes on Jamaican Eighth Graders' Knowledge of Nutrition and Plant Reproduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugwu, Okechukwu; Soyibo, Kola

    2004-01-01

    The first objective of this study was to investigate if the experimental students' post-test knowledge of nutrition and plant reproduction would be improved more significantly than that of their control group counterparts based on their treatment, attitudes to science, self-esteem, gender and socio-economic background. Treatment involved teaching…

  8. Consumer attitudes, knowledge, and consumption of organic yogurt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Loo, Ellen J; Diem, My Nguyen Hoang; Pieniak, Zuzanna; Verbeke, Wim

    2013-04-01

    The segment of organic products occupies an increasingly important place in dairy assortments. The European Union (EU) introduced a new EU organic logo in 2010 with the aim of harmonizing its organic sector and boosting consumer trust in organic food. This study focuses on organic yogurt and investigates consumer awareness and knowledge of the new EU logo. Consumers evaluate organic yogurt as superior compared with conventional yogurt on healthiness, environmental friendliness, quality, and safety. More frequent buyers of organic yogurt have a stronger belief that organic yogurt is superior. The willingness-to-pay for organic yogurt ranged from a premium of 15% for nonbuyers to 40% for habitual buyers, indicating the market potential for this product. A structural equations model reveals the positive association between knowledge, attitudes, and the frequency of purchasing and consuming organic yogurt. Nevertheless, consumer awareness of the EU organic logo remains rather low, which suggests a need for more effective information campaigns and marketing actions.

  9. Informed Consent - Attitudes, knowledge and information concerning prenatal examination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Katja; Kesmodel, Ulrik; Hvidman, Lone

      Background:Prenatal screening has become an ever increasing part of antenatal care in the western part of the world. Providing women with information enabling an informed consent to prenatal examinations has been widely recommended, with women accepting or declining the screening tests offered...... in full understanding of pros and contra.Objective and hypothesis:To summarize current knowledge of women's expectations and attitudes concerning prenatal examinations as well as the amount of knowledge possessed by pregnant women undergoing prenatal examinations. Reasons for accepting or declining...... a screening test offered, as well as the influence of information in the decision-making process is also explored. Methods:The review is based on systematic search strategy in the electronic databases Medline and Science Citation. Additional studies were identified through reference lists of individual papers...

  10. Illness-behaviour, attitude, and knowledge in newly diagnosed diabetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holstein, B E; Vesterdal Jørgensen, H; Sestoft, L

    1986-01-01

    Sixty-five consecutive patients with newly diagnosed type I diabetes, aged 15-52, were exposed to a systematic educational programme and followed up by three-monthly controls for two to four years. In order to identify psychic, social and behavioural factors associated with good metabolic control...... programme was evaluated by the patients as useful and satisfying. Actual illness-related knowledge, skills and compliance were not closely associated, suggesting that knowledge itself is an insufficient precondition to appropriate management of the illness. Social class and other social environment factors...... were not associated with illness-related behaviour and attitudes and neither was metabolic control. There were no psychological or social differences between the patients with good and those with poor control. A possible interpretation of these findings is that an increase of quality of life...

  11. Taking Geoscience to Public Schools: Attitude and Knowledge Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silliman, J. E.; Hansen, A.; McDonald, J.; Martinez, M.

    2005-12-01

    The Cabeza de Vaca Earthmobile Program is an ongoing project that is designed to strengthen geoscience education in South Texas public schools. It began in June 2003 and is funded by the National Science Foundation. This outreach program involves collaboration between Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi and four independent school districts in South Texas with support from the South Texas Rural Systemic Initiative, another NSF-funded project. Additional curriculum support has been provided by various local and state organizations. Across Texas, fifth grade students are demonstrating a weakness in geoscience concepts as evidenced by their scores on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills. As a result, fifth and sixth grade public school students from low-income school districts were selected to participate in this program. At this age students are already making decisions that will affect their high school and college years. The main purpose of this project is to encourage these students, many of whom are Hispanic, to become geoscientists. This purpose is accomplished by enhancing their geoscience knowledge, nurturing their interest in geoscience and showing them what careers are available in the geosciences. Educators and scientists collaborate to engage students in scientific discovery through hands-on laboratory exercises and exposure to state-of-the-art technology (laptop computers, weather stations, telescopes, etc.). Students' family members become involved in the geoscience learning process as they participate in Family Science Night activities. Family Science Nights constitute an effective venue to reach the public. During the course of the Cabeza de Vaca Earthmobile Program, investigators have measured success in two ways: improvement in students' knowledge of geoscience concepts and change in students' attitudes towards geoscience. Findings include significant improvement in students' knowledge of geoscience. Students also report more positive

  12. Tanning in solarium – knowledge, attitudes and Polish habits

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    Katarzyna Torzewska

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Tanning devices are sources of UVA and UVB radiation. UV exposure can cause damage to the cornea of the eye, skin burns and even skin cancer. Appropriate use of solarium requires adequate knowledge of health effects resulting from the excessive use of sunbeds. The aim of the study was to examine knowledge, attitudes and habits in the solarium use. Material and methods. The study was based on our own questionnaire distributed among the citizens of a city located in Łódź Province. The study group consisted of 135 adults, mostly women and people with secondary and vocational education. Participants of the study were asked to answer specific questions included in the questionnaire concerning the knowledge of UV radiation, attitudes and the behaviour in the solarium. Results. 36% of the respondents were going to the solarium. 38% of the respondents weren’t going at all. Every fourth respondent used to go to the solarium in the past, however gave up this type of tanning for some reasons. Protecting goggles were used only by 18% of the respondents. 94% of the respondents never asked the service about CE certificates for the sunbeds intended for use. Conclusions. People tanning in the solarium, in comparison to those who do not use the artificial sun, enjoy better knowledge of the ultraviolet radiation. However they do not follow the requirements of the safe tanning. They are also not interested in technical conditions of the sunbeds. People who are not tanning in the solarium are more aware of health effects caused by UV radiation. Actions promoting public awareness on negative health effects of exposure to UV radiation in the solarium are needed.

  13. Knowledge and attitude of medical resident doctors toward antihistamines

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    Esha Chainani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Allergic rhinitis and urticaria are chronic persistent allergic conditions that need proper management as they significantly reduce quality of life measures. Of the many pharmacological options of allergic rhinitis and urticaria, second-generation antihistamines are the mainstay of therapy. Aims: This review focuses on the knowledge of medical residents toward prescribing antihistamines, according to the new ARIA and GA2LEN guidelines for allergic rhinitis and urticaria, attempting to find the cause of less prescription of newer second-generation antihistamines by finding out the knowledge and attitude of the doctors prescribing them to the patients. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out among resident doctors at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Primary data from 100 resident doctors, who gave their informed consent, was collected. A prevalidated questionnaire regarding knowledge, attitude and prescribing practice of antihistamines was filled up. The data was then analyzed with suitable statistical tests. Every question was first validated using the Chi-square test, and significance was below 10% hence proving validity of the questions. Results: Out of the doctors surveyed, 82% of doctors said they prescribed second-generation antihistamines, while 18% still prescribed first-generation antihistamines. Out of the 82% that prescribed second-generation antihistamines, 8.9% also prescribed first-generation antihistamines as well. 23% of doctors surveyed had heard about the ARIA and GAL2EN guidelines and their recommendations for prescribing second-generation antihistamines over the older first-generation antihistamines, while 77% of them had not heard of these position papers. Conclusion: First-generation or classic antihistamines are still overused due to the lack of knowledge of various guidelines that have been published. The main reason for not prescribing the second-generation antihistamines was due to the increased

  14. Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice in prevention of ICU syndrome

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    Ali Dadgari

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Intensive care unit ICU syndrome is a disorder, in which patients in an ICU or a similar setting experience anxiety, hallucination and become paranoid, severely disoriented in time and place, very agitated, or even violent, etc. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of nurses with regards to prevention of ICU syndrome (Delirium. Methods: Subjects of this research were 56 nurses with including criteria of registration in nursing, university degree and at least one month experience of working in open heart surgery ICUs. The data was gathered from 3 clusters in university hospitals equipped with open heart surgery ICUs in Tehran. All subjects were asked to fill in a questionnaire. Moreover all subjects were observed in all shifts. During observation, two researchers observed each subject simultaneously to achieve higher accuracy of observations. Descriptive and analytic statistics were applied to analysis the data. Results: The finding of the study showed that more than 53% of the subjects had passed a continuing education course, but less than 46% of them never passed a training course on ICU. According to this research, subjects, work experience in ICUs had significant relation on their knowledge with regard to prevention of ICU psychosis. However, it has not significant relation to their attitude and skill. Conclusion: According to the results of the study, subjects have little chance to be familiar with the concepts and elements of ICU syndrome in their university program. The finding also indicated that many subjects in this study were not familiar with the important concepts such as sleep deprivation, sensory overload and sensory deprivation, etc. Ongoing progression in high-tech ICUs brings about continuing nursing education programs for all nurses. The results also showed that stress factor in ICU, such as high mortality, isolation, high workload etc. Gradually influences nurses,attitude in

  15. Knowledge and attitude of elderly persons towards dental implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Frauke; Salem, Kamel; Barbezat, Cindy; Herrmann, François R; Schimmel, Martin

    2012-06-01

    Despite their unrivalled place in restorative treatment, dental implants are still scarcely used in elderly patients. The aim of this survey was therefore to identify potential barriers for accepting an implant treatment. Participants were recruited from a geriatric hospital, two long-term-care facilities and a private clinic. The final study sample comprised 92 persons, 61 women and 31 men with an average age of 81.2 ± 8.0 years. In a semi-structured interview, the participants' knowledge of implants and attitude towards a hypothetical treatment with dental implants were evaluated. Twenty-seven participants had never heard of dental implants, and another 13 participants could not describe them. The strongest apprehensions against implants were cost, lack of perceived necessity and old age. Univariate and multiple linear regression analysis identified being women, type and quality of denture, having little knowledge on implants and being hospitalised as the risk factors for refusing implants. However, old age as such was not associated with a negative attitude. The acceptance of dental implants in the elderly population might be increased by providing further information and promoting oral health in general. Regardless of the age, dental implants should be placed when patients are still in good health and live independently. © 2011 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  16. Brucellosis: Seroprevalence, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Veterinarians

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    Smita S. Mangalgi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is an important but ignored zoonotic disease in India, with high prevalence among livestock and humans. It is of particular concern among veterinarians as they come in contact with infected animals in their day to day work. Aim and Objectives: The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of antibrucellar antibodies and assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP levels with regards to brucellosis among the veterinarians. Material and Methods:The serum samples of 1084 veterinarians were evaluated using the Rose Bengal Plate agglutination Test (RBPT, Serum Agglutination Test (SAT and 2-Mercaptoethanol Test (2-ME test. All the participants were interviewed with a pre-designed questionnaire. Results: Prevalence of antibrucellar antibodies among the veterinarians was 9.31% by RBPT. Clinical symptoms relating to brucellosis were seen in 4.33% individuals. Of the 1084 subjects screened for KAP, awareness was highest among the veterinary officers and students, while other veterinary workers were ignorant. Though most of the veterinary officers had adequate knowledge and positive attitude the regular preventive practices were not sound. Conclusion:Significantly higher seroprevalence of brucellosis was noted among veterinarians. High 2-ME titres were a better correlate of an active infection. Awareness regarding brucellosis among assisting staff was low. Training and health education programs to raise the KAP standard are necessary.

  17. Turkish university students' knowledge of biotechnology and attitudes toward biotechnological applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öztürk-Akar, Ebru

    2016-09-10

    This study questions the presumed relation between formal schooling and scientific literacy about biotechnologies. Comparing science and nonscience majors' knowledge of and attitudes toward biotechnological applications, conclusions are drawn if their formal learnings improve pupils' understandings of and attitudes toward biotechnology applications. Sample of the study consists of 403 undergraduate and graduate students, 198 nonscience, and 205 science majors. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire and the Biotechnology Attitude Questionnaire were administered. Descriptive statistics (mean and percentages), t test, and correlations were used to examine the participants' knowledge of biotechnology and attitudes toward biotechnological applications and differences as regards their majors. Although the science majors had higher knowledge and attitude scores than the nonscience majors, it is not possible to say that they have sufficient knowledge of biotechnologies. Besides, the participants' attitudes toward biotechnological applications were not considerably related to their knowledge of biotechnology. © 2016 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2016.

  18. Pharmacy students’ knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics in Kosovo

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    Fejza A

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude among Pharmacy students of the University of Prishtina in regards to the antibiotics. Methods: 144 pharmacy students at the University of Prishtina were recruited in this study to complete a self-administered questionnaire. The total number of questions in this questionnaire was eight (8, covering two (2 major themes: self-report of the current and past antibiotic use and behavior; and anticipated prescription behavior of antibiotics upon graduation. The data was statistically analyzed through using SPSS for Windows. Descriptive analysis was employed, and the results were expressed in frequency and percentages. Results: The results showcased a good knowledge of antibiotic among students. The most common answer of students' knowledge about antibiotics was good or moderate (82 %, while 63.2% of the subjects used antibiotics by self-decision, most of them (45 % for sore throat. Upon graduation, 56.9 % of the students will not sell antibiotics without prescription and 85.4% think that module for rational use of antibiotics is very necessary to be inside the pharmacy syllabus. Conclusion: The study showed good and moderate knowledge of pharmacy students regarding the antibiotics. Half of them use antibiotics by self-decision but the majority of them stated that they will not serve the antibiotics without medical prescription. Specific modules and training for proper antibiotic use should be implemented within the Pharmacy program in The Faculty of Medicine.

  19. Pharmacy students' knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejza, Albina; Kryeziu, Zeqir; Kadrija, Kushtrim; Musa, Malbora

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude among Pharmacy students of the University of Prishtina in regards to the antibiotics. 144 pharmacy students at the University of Prishtina were recruited in this study to complete a self-administered questionnaire. The total number of questions in this questionnaire was eight (8), covering two (2) major themes: self-report of the current and past antibiotic use and behavior; and anticipated prescription behavior of antibiotics upon graduation. The data was statistically analyzed through using SPSS for Windows. Descriptive analysis was employed, and the results were expressed in frequency and percentages. The results showcased a good knowledge of antibiotic among students. The most common answer of students' knowledge about antibiotics was good or moderate (82 %), while 63.2% of the subjects used antibiotics by self-decision, most of them (45 %) for sore throat. Upon graduation, 56.9 % of the students will not sell antibiotics without prescription and 85.4% think that module for rational use of antibiotics is very necessary to be inside the pharmacy syllabus. The study showed good and moderate knowledge of pharmacy students regarding the antibiotics. Half of them use antibiotics by self-decision but the majority of them stated that they will not serve the antibiotics without medical prescription. Specific modules and training for proper antibiotic use should be implemented within the Pharmacy program in The Faculty of Medicine.

  20. Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes of Psoriasis Patients About the Disease

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    Aslı Küçükünal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: This study evaluates the patients’ knowledge, opinions and attitudes about psoriasis.Materials and Methods: A total of 111 patients over the age of 18, clinically and histopathologically diagnosed with chronic plaque-type psoriasis were included in the study. Patients who have psychiatric illness and inadequate intelligence were excluded. A questionnaire including items on knowledge, opinions and attitudes on psoriasis were filled out by the patients and the results were analyzed statistically.Results: One hundred-eleven (45 female, 66 male patients were included in our study. 6.3% of patients did not know the diagnosis of their disease. 68.5% of patients thought that psoriasis was a contagious disease while18% thought that psoriasis was a hereditary condition. 88.3% of patients declined that they were informed about the disease by the doctor. 62.2% of patients believed that they had adequate information about psoriasis. 51.4% of patients believed that doctors gave them enough information about psoriasis. 44.1% of patients knew that psoriasis was aggravated by stress while 38.7% did not know any of the aggravating factors of psoriasis. 70.3% of patients believed that psoriasis would spread if not treated. Patients mostly (98.2% had idea about topical treatment options. 82% of patients were afraid of having psoriasis on their face. 5.4% of patients were uncomfortable with the idea of their partners’ having psoriasis. 72.1%, 88.3%, 72.1% of patients reported no negative effect of psoriasis on their relations with friends, family members, work or school life, respectivelyDiscussion: Our results showed that psoriasis patients do not have adequate knowledge about the disease. We think that dermatologists should pay more attention to inform and raise awareness of patie

  1. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Tobacco Cessation Among Indian Dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaheen, Sabiha; Reddy, Srikanth; Doshi, Dolar; Reddy, Padma; Kulkarni, Suhas

    2015-01-01

    To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding tobacco cessation among dentists in Hyderabad city, India. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 264 dentists registered in the local Indian Dental Association branch, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The questionnaire comprised of 35 items and used a five-point Likert scale to assess tobacco use prevention and cessation counseling. The majority of the study participants were females (55.7%) with a mean age of 29.9 ± 7.5 years. No significant gender difference was observed for any of the mean domain scores. A statistically significant difference was noted between age groups in the 'Knowledge' domain, 'professional role and identity' item (P = 0.03) vs the 'Practice' domain, 'social influences' item (P = 0.05) with 40+ years having a higher mean score (6.5 ± 1.5). In terms of the education, those possessing Bachelor's of Dental Science had a significantly higher mean score (10.8 ± 2.2) for the 'Attitude' question 'belief about consequences' (P = 0.05) than did those with a Master's degree. The reported barriers were insufficient reimbursement (48.1%), lack of tobacco-related self-help material/pamphlets for patients (46.5%) and lack of patient motivation to receive tobacco cessation counseling (43.6%). In the present study, although dentists possessed knowledge about tobacco cessation, it was not adequate. Dental professionals play an important role in educating patients regarding the oral health risks of tobacco use and motivating them to quit.

  2. Knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception in rural kashmir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayat, Humera; Khan, Parwez Sajad; Imtiyaz, Bhat; Hayat, Gazala; Hayat, Rehana

    2013-12-01

    Human fertility is determined by many factors such as customs, morals and habits of social groups with regard to marital obligation of life. Acceptance of family planning methods varies within and between societies and there are many factors which are responsible for such variation at community, family and individual level. Socioeconomic environment, culture and education are few of them that play a vital role. Jammu and Kashmir state in general and Kashmir valley in particular is a Muslim-dominated population with traditionally a conservative society. Apart from family customs and influence of the elders, religious background has always been behind the passive resistance, or at the best indifference towards contraception. This study makes an attempt to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception in rural Kashmir. To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception in rural Kashmir. Community-based Cross-Sectional study. December 2006 to May 2008. 1900 currently married women in the age group of 15-49 years of age. Rural households. 1900 currently married women, aged 15-49 years, selected by multi-stage random sampling technique from three districts of Kashmir valley who were interviewed at home using a pretested oral questionnaire. The assessment of various socioeconomic and other variables made as per the available standard procedures and scales. Percentage, Chi square test and Bivariate analysis. Knowledge of the contraceptive methods was fairly good especially for terminal methods i.e. female sterilization (97.7 %). Main source of information on contraception was obtained from mass media (60.4 %). Contraceptive practice was significantly related to number of living children, literacy, socioeconomic status and type of family. What is needed is to promote and stress contraceptive methods and their advantages using mass media approach and to explore more and more participation of private sector.

  3. Attitudes and knowledge of Iranian nurses about hospice care

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    Saber Azami-Aghdash

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Due to expansion of chronic diseases and increase of health care costs, there is a need for planning and delivering hospice care for patients in their final stages of life in Iran. The aim of the present study is to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of nurses about delivering hospice care for End of Life (EOL patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 with a sample size of 200 nurses that were selected by convenient (available sampling. The data collection instrument was a self-administered questionnaire whose validity was approved by experts′ opinions and its reliability was approved by test-retest method. Results : Among all participants of this study, 87% were female. The mean age of nurses was 32.00 ± 6.72. From all respondents 62% stated that they have no knowledge about hospice care and 80% declared that need for hospice care is increasing. Most of the participants felt that, appropriate services are not presented to patients in the final stages of their lives. About 80% believed that hospice care leads to reduction of health care costs, improvement of physical, mental and social health of patients and finally improvement of the quality of health care services. There was a significant relationship between age, employment history and level of education of nurses and their attitude and knowledge about how this service is provided. Conclusion : In view of the increase in chronic illnesses and the costs of caring, the need for provision of hospice care is felt more and more every day. However the awareness level of nurses about these services is low. Therefore the need for including these issues in nursing curriculum and holding scientific courses and seminars in this field is needed.

  4. Knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in the elderly with HIV/AIDS

    OpenAIRE

    Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno; Dayana Souza Fram; Ruth Ester Assayag Batista; Dulce Aparecida Barbosa; Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Assess the knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in the elderly with HIV/AIDS served in a specialized ambulatory clinic; and identify the epidemiological profile of these patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study with a sample of 148 people aged 50 years and over. The Aging Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale was used to assess the knowledge and the attitudes about sexuality of the elderly. RESULTS: The study included 148 elderly, male gender (63.5%),...

  5. Knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in the elderly with HIV/AIDS

    OpenAIRE

    Okuno,Meiry Fernanda Pinto; Fram,Dayana Souza; Batista, Ruth Ester Assayag; Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida [UNIFESP; Belasco, Angélica Gonçalves Silva [UNIFESP

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Assess the knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in the elderly with HIV/AIDS served in a specialized ambulatory clinic; and identify the epidemiological profile of these patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study with a sample of 148 people aged 50 years and over. The Aging Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale was used to assess the knowledge and the attitudes about sexuality of the elderly. RESULTS: The study included 148 elderly, male gender (63.5%),...

  6. Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Behaviors and Beliefs of High School Soccer Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manore, Melinda M; Patton-Lopez, Megan M; Meng, Yu; Wong, Siew Sun

    2017-04-01

    For adolescent athletes (14-18 years), data on sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs are limited, especially based on sex, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. High school soccer players (n = 535; 55% female; 51% White, 41% Latino; 41% National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants (80% Latino)) completed two questionnaires (demographic/health history and sport nutrition). The sport nutrition knowledge score was 45.6% with higher scores in NSLP-Whites vs. NSLP-Latinos (p nutritional requirements, but more than twice as likely to report that nutritional supplements were necessary for training (p sport nutrition education that enhances food selection skills for health and sport performance.

  7. Systematic review of knowledge, confidence and education in nutritional genomics for students and professionals in nutrition and dietetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, O R L

    2014-06-01

    This review examines knowledge and confidence of nutrition and dietetics professionals in nutritional genomics and evaluates the teaching strategies in this field within nutrition and dietetics university programmes and professional development courses internationally. A systematic search of 10 literature databases was conducted from January 2000 to December 2012 to identify original research. Any studies of either nutrition and/or dietetics students or dietitians/nutritionists investigating current levels of knowledge or confidence in nutritional genomics, or strategies to improve learning and/or confidence in this area, were eligible. Eighteen articles (15 separate studies) met the inclusion criteria. Three articles were assessed as negative, eight as neutral and seven as positive according to the American Dietetics Association Quality Criteria Checklist. The overall ranking of evidence was low. Dietitians have low involvement, knowledge and confidence in nutritional genomics, and evidence for educational strategies is limited and methodologically weak. There is a need to develop training pathways and material to up-skill nutrition and/or dietetics students and nutrition and/or dietetics professionals in nutritional genomics through multidisciplinary collaboration with content area experts. There is a paucity of high quality evidence on optimum teaching strategies; however, methods promoting repetitive exposure to nutritional genomics material, problem-solving, collaborative and case-based learning are most promising for university and professional development programmes. © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  8. Men's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to fertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammarberg, Karin; Collins, Veronica; Holden, Carol; Young, Kate; McLachlan, Robert

    2017-07-01

    The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel. However, evidence suggests that the lack of a partner or a partner willing to commit to parenthood is the main reason for later childbearing. To better understand men's contributions to childbearing decisions and outcomes, the literature pertaining to men's fertility-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours was reviewed. The electronic databases of Medline, Embase and PsycINFO were searched to identify investigations of men's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating to fertility, infertility, reproductive health or childbearing using relevant fertility keyword search terms. Studies were included if they had investigated factors associated with men's fertility-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, had been conducted in a high-income country and were published in an English language peer-reviewed journal between January 2005 and August 2016. The search yielded 1349 citations. Of these, 47 papers representing 43 unique studies were included in the review. Where response rate was reported, it ranged between 13 and 94%. Studies varied in terms of research design; inclusion and exclusion criteria; recruitment strategies; adequacy of sample size; recruitment and retention rates and data collection tools. However, findings were consistent and indicate that men almost universally value parenthood, want and expect to become fathers, and aspire to have at least two children. Yet

  9. Public knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy in Majmaah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almutairi, Aqeel Munahi; Ansari, Tahir; Sami, Waqas; Baz, Salah

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Epilepsy is very common in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, occurring in 6.54 out of every 1000 individuals. The current study was conducted to determine the level of public awareness of and attitudes toward epilepsy in the city of Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. The study population included respondents derived from preselected public places in the city. Stratified random sampling was used, and the sample size was made up of 706 individuals. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection from respondents after receiving their verbal consent. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 2.0. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of Majmaah University. Results: The results showed that 575 (81.4%) of the respondents had heard or read about epilepsy. Almost 50% of the respondents knew someone who had epilepsy, and 393 (55.7%) had witnessed what they believed to be a seizure. Results showed that 555 (78.6%) respondents believed that epilepsy was neither a contagious disease nor a type of insanity. It was found that 335 (47.5%) stated that epilepsy was a brain disease, and almost one-quarter of the respondents said that the manifestation of an epileptic episode is a convulsion. Regarding attitude, 49% and 47.3% of respondents stated that they would not allow their children to interact with individuals with epilepsy and would object to marrying an individual with epilepsy, respectively. Conclusion: Although knowledge about epilepsy is improving, it is still not adequate. The study showed that the attitude toward epilepsy is poor.

  10. Public knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy in Majmaah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aqeel Munahi Almutairi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Epilepsy is very common in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, occurring in 6.54 out of every 1000 individuals. The current study was conducted to determine the level of public awareness of and attitudes toward epilepsy in the city of Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. The study population included respondents derived from preselected public places in the city. Stratified random sampling was used, and the sample size was made up of 706 individuals. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection from respondents after receiving their verbal consent. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 2.0. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of Majmaah University. Results: The results showed that 575 (81.4% of the respondents had heard or read about epilepsy. Almost 50% of the respondents knew someone who had epilepsy, and 393 (55.7% had witnessed what they believed to be a seizure. Results showed that 555 (78.6% respondents believed that epilepsy was neither a contagious disease nor a type of insanity. It was found that 335 (47.5% stated that epilepsy was a brain disease, and almost one-quarter of the respondents said that the manifestation of an epileptic episode is a convulsion. Regarding attitude, 49% and 47.3% of respondents stated that they would not allow their children to interact with individuals with epilepsy and would object to marrying an individual with epilepsy, respectively. Conclusion: Although knowledge about epilepsy is improving, it is still not adequate. The study showed that the attitude toward epilepsy is poor.

  11. Survey of knowledge and attitude about AIDS among six areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Xin; Cheng Yi-min; Li Ying; Huang Na; Wu Jun-qing; Ru Xiao-mei

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To explore the circumstances, influencing factors, and the extent of discrimination and prejudice towards AIDS. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. One county from each of the six provinces was selected. 800 respondents were then chosen from each province through cluster sampling. A closed-ended questionnaire was used to study the demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge, and related attitudes towards AIDS. Results: In this survey, 3,095 respondents (64.5%) feared AIDS; 66.5% of respondents thought AIDS patients or HIV infectors should be treated separately; 40.1% of respondents thought that AIDS patients or HIV carriers should have been confined in freedom; and 1,497 respondents (31.2%)said that they were not willing to donate to AIDS patients. Discrimination and prejudice towards AIDS among the six regions were different partially (P<0.01). Conclusion: Discrimination and prejudice commonly occur. Gender, characteristics of the registered residence, educational level, and knowledge about AIDS are the main factors related to discrimination and prejudice. Many respondents had prejudice against AIDS, because they were lacking correct knowledge about the transmission ways of AIDS. Among the six regions, discrimination and prejudice were lowest in a region in Henan province and highest in Jiangsu province.

  12. Knowledge and attitudes of Swedish politicians concerning induced abortion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sydsjö, Adam; Josefsson, Ann; Bladh, Marie; Muhrbeck, Måns; Sydsjö, Gunilla

    2012-12-01

    Induced abortion is more frequent in Sweden than in many other Western countries. We wanted to investigate attitudes and knowledge about induced abortion among politicians responsible for healthcare in three Swedish counties. A study-specific questionnaire was sent to all 375 elected politicians in three counties; 192 (51%) responded. The politicians stated that they were knowledgeable about the Swedish abortion law. More than half did not consider themselves, in their capacity as politicians, sufficiently informed about abortion-related matters. Most politicians (72%) considered induced abortion to be primarily a 'women's rights issue' rather than an ethical one, and 54% considered 12 weeks' gestational age an adequate upper limit for induced abortion. Only about a third of the respondents were correctly informed about the number of induced abortions annually carried out in Sweden. Information and knowledge on induced abortion among Swedish county politicians seem not to be optimal. Changes aimed at reducing the current high abortion rates will probably not be easy to achieve as politicians seem to be reluctant to commit themselves on ethical issues and consider induced abortion mainly a women's rights issue.

  13. Paediatrician knowledge, attitudes, and counselling patterns on teen driving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Jeffrey C; O'Neil, Joseph; Shope, Jean T; O'Connor, Karen G; Levin, Rebecca A

    2012-02-01

    Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death among teenagers. Little is known about the content of US paediatrician counselling about teen driving. To examine US paediatrician knowledge, attitudes, and counselling patterns regarding teen driving. A random sample questionnaire was mailed to American Academy of Pediatrics members in 2009 (n=1606; response=875 (55%)). Analysis was limited to 596 paediatricians who provide adolescent checkups. Questions addressed counselling and attitudes towards roles in promoting safe driving. Logistic regression assessed the relationship between counselling topics and practice characteristics. Most (89%) respondents provide some counselling about driving. Two topics commonly discussed by paediatricians were seatbelts (87%) and alcohol use (82%). Less frequently discussed were: cell phones (47%), speeding (43%), and dangers of transporting teen passengers (41%). Topics rarely discussed were: night driving (21%), graduated driver licensing laws (13%), safe cars (9%), driver education (9%), fatigue (25%), and parental limit setting (23%). Only 10% ever recommend a parent-teen driver agreement. Paediatricians who had a patient injured or killed in an MVC were more likely to discuss night driving (OR=2.86). Physicians caring for a high proportion of adolescents (OR=1.83) or patients with private insurance (OR=1.85) counsel more about the risks of driving with teen passengers. Paediatricians in the USA support counselling on teen driving during routine office visits, but omit many important risk factors. Few recommend parent-teen driver agreements. Methods that help clinicians efficiently and effectively counsel families about teen driving should be developed.

  14. The effects of nutrition knowledge on food label use. A review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lisa M Soederberg; Cassady, Diana L

    2015-09-01

    Nutrition information on food labels is an important source of nutrition information but is typically underutilized by consumers. This review examined whether consumer nutrition knowledge is important for communication of nutrition information through labels on packaged foods. A cognitive processing model posits that consumers with prior knowledge are more likely to use label information effectively, that is, focus on salient information, understand information, and make healthful decisions based on this information. Consistent with this model, the review found that nutrition knowledge provides support for food label use. However, nutrition knowledge measures varied widely in terms of the dimensions they included and the extensiveness of the assessment. Relatively few studies investigated knowledge effects on the use of ingredient lists and claims, compared to nutrition facts labels. We also found an overreliance on convenience samples relying on younger adults, limiting our understanding of how knowledge supports food label use in later life. Future research should 1) investigate which dimensions, or forms, of nutrition knowledge are most critical to food label use and dietary decision making and 2) determine whether increases in nutrition knowledge can promote great use of nutrition information on food labels.

  15. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adults in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, Ling; Petersen, Poul Erik; Wang, Hong-Ying

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To describe oral health behaviour, illness behaviour, oral health knowledge and attitudes among 35-44 and 65-74-year-old Chinese; to analyse the oral health behaviour profile of the two age groups in relation to province and urbanisation, and to assess the relative effect of socio...... fifth of the rural participants had economic support for their dental treatment from a third party, either totally or partially. Significant variations in oral health practices were found according to urbanisation and province. At age 35-44 years 43% of participants had daily consumption of sweets......-based oral health promotion should be strengthened and preventive-oriented oral health care systems are needed, including promotion of further self-care practices and the use of fluoridated toothpaste....

  16. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of infertility among Saudi couples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfotouh MA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mostafa A Abolfotouh,1 Abdullah A Alabdrabalnabi,2 Rehab B Albacker,3 Umar A Al-Jughaiman,4 Samar N Hassan5 1King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 2University of Dammam, College of Medicine, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 3King Saud University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4King Faisal University, College of Medicine, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 5Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Introduction: Infertility places a huge psychological burden on infertile couples, especially for women. Greater knowledge of the factors affecting fertility may help to decrease the incidence of infertility by allowing couples to avoid certain risk factors. The aim of our study was (1 to assess the knowledge and attitudes of infertile and fertile Saudi participants on infertility, possible risk factors, and social consequences; and (2 to determine the practices of infertile Saudi couples to promote their fertility before having them attend an in vitro fertilization (IVF clinic. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 277 fertile participants from outpatient clinics and 104 infertile patients from the IVF clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City between June 24, 2012 and July 4, 2012, using a previously validated interview questionnaire. Descriptive and analytical statistics were applied with a significance threshold of P ≤ 0.05. Results: A generally poor level of knowledge (59% and a neutral attitude (76% toward infertility were reported by participants. Mistaken beliefs commonly held by the study participants regarding the causes of infertility were Djinns and supernatural causes (58.8%, black magic (67.5%, intrauterine devices (71.3%, and contraceptive pills (42.9%. The healer/Sheikh was reported as the primary and secondary preference for infertility

  17. Pharmacology and biochemistry undergraduate students'concern for a healthy diet and nutrition knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardes Spexoto, Maria Claudia [UNESP; Ferin, Giovana Garcia [UNESP; Duarte Bonini Campos, Juliana Alvares [UNESP

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To estimate the concern for a healthy diet and the nutrition knowledge of undergraduate students of a pharmacology and biochemistry program and their associations with the variables of interest.Methods: This cross-sectional study administered the Nutrition Knowledge Scale and the How is your diet? questionnaire to 381 students. The associations between concern for a healthy diet and nutrition knowledge and between these two factors and the demographic variables were measured by the...

  18. Consumption pattern, Attitudes and Nutrition Knowledge on Soft ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diet-related diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, type II ... Health problems have been increasing as a result of excessive soft drink consumption in western countries. ... characteristics such as gender, Body Mass Index. (BMI) ...

  19. Effect of nutrition education during puberty on nutritional knowledge and behavior of secondary School female students in Birjand in 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Vafaee-Najar; Mahdieh Sepahi Baghan; Hossein Ebrahimipour; Mohammad Reza Miri; Habibollah Esmaily; Elahe Lael-Monfared; Nasim Mirzae

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aim: Growth spurt during adolescence, particularly the occurrence of menstruation in girls, increases their nutritional needs. The present study aimed at determining the effect of nutrition education on nutritional knowledge and Behavior of secondary school female students in the city of Birjand. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 120 second grade secondary students in Birjand in 2012 were selected through two-stage cluster sampling method and were rand...

  20. Impact of nutrition education on nutrition knowledge of public school educators in South Africa: A pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Wilna H Oldewage-Theron; Abdulkadir Egal

    2012-01-01

    The Department of Basic Education (DBE) has not given nutrition education the necessary emphasis that it needs, despite its importance in South African schools. Nutrition is included as only one of many topics forming part of the Life Orientation syllabus. Educators are role models for learners in making healthy food choices, however, studies have shown that major gaps exist in the health and nutrition-related knowledge and behaviour of educators.The objective of this research was to undertak...

  1. Health professionals' knowledge, attitude and practices towards pharmacovigilance in Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palaian S

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Pharmacovigilance can be helpful in protecting consumers from harmful effects of medicines. Healthcare professionals should consider Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR reporting as their professional obligation and should be aware of the existing pharmacovigilance mechanisms in their countries. In Nepal, pharmacovigilance activities were initiated in 2004. Objectives: The present study evaluated the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP of the healthcare professionals towards ADRs and pharmacovigilance in Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH, a tertiary care teaching hospital attached to the regional pharmacovigilance center in western Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2007 using a pretested (Cronbach alpha=0.72 questionnaire having 25 questions (15 questions on knowledge, 5 on attitude and 5 on practice. The correct/positive responses were given a score of ‘2’ and the wrong/negative responses ‘1’, maximum possible score of ‘50’. Results: A total of 131 responses were obtained among which 42 were incomplete and remaining 89 [females 49 (55.1%] were analyzed. Of the 89 professionals, 29 (32.6% were doctors, 46 (51.8 nurses and 14 (15.7% pharmacists. The mean age was 28.32 (SD=8.46 years and the median (interquartile range of duration of the service 14.5 (6-36 months. The total KAP scores was 40.06 (SD=3.51 for doctors, 38.92 (SD=4.83 for pharmacists, and 35.82 (SD=3.75 for nurses. Among the 89 professionals, 59 (62.3% had not reported even a single ADR to the pharmacovigilance center. Conclusion: The healthcare professionals at the MTH had a poor KAP towards ADRs and pharmacovigilance and there is a need for educational and awareness intervention for these professionals.

  2. Nutrition-Related Cancer Prevention Cognitions and Behavioral Intentions: Testing the Risk Perception Attitude Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Helen W.; Beckjord, Ellen Burke; Finney Rutten, Lila J.; Hesse, Bradford W.

    2008-01-01

    This study tested whether the risk perception attitude framework predicted nutrition-related cancer prevention cognitions and behavioral intentions. Data from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey were analyzed to assess respondents' reported likelihood of developing cancer (risk) and perceptions of whether they could lower their…

  3. Nutrition Students Improve Attitudes after a Guided Experiential Assignment with Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seung-Yeon; Hoerr, Sharon L.; Weatherspoon, Lorraine; Schiffman, Rachel F.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention (a guided experiential assignment) to improve nutrition students' attitudes toward working with older adults. Design: A quasi-experimental design with an additional qualitative component (mixed methods). Setting: A North Central land-grant university. Participants: 100 college students…

  4. Family resemblance in fat intake, nutrition attitudes and beliefs : a study among three generations of women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stafleu, A.

    1994-01-01

    In this thesis nutrition attitudes, beliefs, and fat intake in three generations of women are described. The aim of the study was twofold: the development of methods, and to study family resemblance in food habits. Based on literature study and qualitative pilot studies a questionnaire on

  5. Family resemblance in fat intake, nutrition attitudes and beliefs: a study among three generations of women.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stafleu, A.

    1994-01-01

    In this thesis nutrition attitudes, beliefs, and fat intake in three generations of women are described. The aim of the study was twofold: the development of methods, and to study family resemblance in food habits. Based on literature study and qualitative pilot studies a questionnaire on beliefs an

  6. A Focus Group Study of Child Nutrition Professionals' Attitudes about Food Allergies and Current Training Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yee Ming; Kwon, Junehee; Sauer, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore child nutrition professionals' (CNPs) attitudes about food allergies, current practices of food allergy training, and operational issues related to food allergy training in school foodservice operations. Methods: Three focus groups were conducted with 21 CNPs with managerial…

  7. Nutrition-Related Cancer Prevention Cognitions and Behavioral Intentions: Testing the Risk Perception Attitude Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Helen W.; Beckjord, Ellen Burke; Finney Rutten, Lila J.; Hesse, Bradford W.

    2008-01-01

    This study tested whether the risk perception attitude framework predicted nutrition-related cancer prevention cognitions and behavioral intentions. Data from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey were analyzed to assess respondents' reported likelihood of developing cancer (risk) and perceptions of whether they could lower their…

  8. Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Urban and Rural Households toward Iron Deficiency Anemia in three Provinces of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Heshmat

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Lack of nutritional knowledge is one of the most important reasons of nutritional problems and consequently im­proper practice, which can lead to several complications. This study has been designed in order to compare knowledge, at­ti­tude and practices of the urban and rural households regarding iron deficiency anemia (IDA in Boushehr, Golestan and Sis­tan & Balouchestan provinces in 2004."nMethods: The sampling method at household's level in each province was the single-stage cluster sampling with equal size clus­ters. The necessary data were gathered with a structured questionnaire and via the interviews between the questioners and the eligible people in each household. Comparison of frequency of variables between urban and rural areas were tested by chi square test."nResults: A total of 2306 households were selected as overall sample size. In urban areas, people recognized iron food sources better than rural areas. Knowledge level of respondents about vulnerable group for IDA and the favorite attitude of house­holds toward IDA were better in urban areas of Sistan & Blouchestan and Golestan provinces. In Sistan & Ba­louchestan and Golestan, rural households who drank tea immediately before or after meal was more than urban ones. The ma­jor­ity of preg­nant and lactating mothers (except for rural areas of Bushehr did not take iron supplement regularly. Less than 60 percent of children used iron drop regularly."nConclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and practice levels of households toward IDA were not acceptable. One of the best ways of improving nutritional practice is nutritional education with focus on applying available food resources.

  9. Effect of a Nutritional Intervention in Athlete's Body Composition, Eating Behaviour and Nutritional Knowledge: A Comparison between Adults and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Marcus; Silva, Danielle; Ribeiro, Sandra; Nunes, Marco; Almeida, Marcos; Mendes-Netto, Raquel

    2016-09-07

    The objective of the present study is to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult. In a before and after quasi-experimental clinical study, 32 athletes (21 adults, age range 20-32 years; 11 adolescents, age range: 12-19 years) participated in a nutritional counselling consisting of four consultations separated by an interval of 45 to 60 days. The athlete's eating behaviour, body composition and nutrition knowledge were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of the protocol. Both groups increased lean body mass and nutritional knowledge. Adolescents increased their mid-arm muscle circumference and improved meal frequency, and daily water intake. Athletes of both groups improved their ingestion of vegetables and fruits and decreased the ingestion of sweets and oils. Adolescents showed a higher prevalence of individuals that remained within or approached to the recommendations of sweets. This is the first study to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult athletes body composition, eating behaviour and nutritional knowledge. The nutritional counselling has been effective in promoting beneficial changes on the athlete's eating behaviour, nutritional knowledge and body composition, however, some healthy changes were only experienced by adolescents, especially in the frequency of meals and the intake of sweets.

  10. The Effects of a Nutritional Intervention on the Nutritional Knowledge of Children and Adolescents with Visual Impairments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celeste-Williams, Lyndsey; Lieberman, Lauren J.; Banerjee, Priya; Boyle, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a nutritional program on the nutritional knowledge of children and adolescents with visual impairments. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the scores of the experimental and control groups and that age and vision had no effect on the acquisition of…

  11. Medical student intrauterine device knowledge and attitudes: an assessment of clerkship training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartz, Deborah; Tang, Jennifer; Maurer, Rie; Janiak, Elizabeth

    2013-08-01

    Studies demonstrate that many clinician populations have poor knowledge of and harbor negative attitudes towards intrauterine devices (IUDs). We set out to assess the impact of the clinical clerkship in obstetrics and gynecology on medical student IUD knowledge and attitudes. In this prospective cohort study, students at seven diverse US medical schools were surveyed at the start and completion of their obstetrics and gynecology clinical clerkships regarding IUD exposure, knowledge and attitudes. Subject responses were compared pre- and postclerkship. One hundred six students returned completed paired surveys (response rate 82%). The preclerkship mean knowledge percent correct (54%, SD 17%) increased significantly at postclerkship assessment (72%, SD 18%) (p<.0001). The mean attitudes score also increased significantly from pre- (34%, SD 31%) to postclerkship (59%, SD 26%) (p<.0001). US medical student IUD knowledge and attitudes are significantly improved through the obstetrics and gynecology clerkship. However, significant gaps in knowledge persist postclerkship. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients in the United Arab Emirates

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Al-Maskari, Fatma; El-Sadig, Mohamed; Al-Kaabi, Juma M; Afandi, Bachar; Nagelkerke, Nicolas; Yeatts, Karin B

    2013-01-01

    ...) lack sufficient knowledge about their disease due to illiteracy. Thus, before considering any possible intervention it was imperative to assess present knowledge, attitudes, and practices of patients towards the management of diabetes...

  13. Validation of the Staff Attitudes to Nutritional Nursing Care Geriatric scale in Italian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonetti, Loris; Bagnasco, Annamaria; Aleo, Giuseppe; Sasso, Loredana

    2013-09-01

    To validate the Staff Attitudes to Nutritional Nursing Care Geriatric scale in Italian, a tool created in Sweden to measure nurses' attitudes towards nutritional care in older people. Malnutrition in institutionalized older people is a serious problem having negative impact on patient outcomes. It is reported in the literature that nurses have negative attitudes towards nutritional care. Forward and back-translation were carried out to build the Italian version of the tool. Content and face validity were then examined by pilot study. Test-retest reliability with Spearman's rho (rs) correlation, intraclass correlation (ICC) and internal consistency reliability with Cronbach's α were assessed. Differences between test-rest were assessed by t-test. Linguistic and semantic adaptation of the tool into Italian was successful. Thirty-three nurses skilled in caring for older patients did pilot testing and 46 test-retesting. SANN-G GITA-scale achieved good content and face validity, good internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.85) and acceptable stability [rs = 0.75, P = 0.001; ICC = 0.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.63-0.86; P = 0.001]. The t-test showed no significant difference between test and retest results, confirming stability of the tool (t(64) = -0.98; P = 0.33). The process of adaptation of the scale from Swedish to Italian language was successful. Thus, the SANN-GITA scale can be useful to assess attitudes of nursing staff to nutritional care in the Italian context. This tool will allow the identification of areas where Italian nurses have negative attitudes and where to implement strategies to improve overall nutritional care. © 2013 International Council of Nurses.

  14. Neonatal nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward caring for cocaine-exposed infants and their mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, M A; Marecki, M; Wooldridge, P J; Sherman, L M

    1996-03-01

    The knowledge, attitudes, and backgrounds of 215 nurses employed in the nurseries of six hospitals were studied by means of a questionnaire survey. The nurses' attitudes toward the mothers of cocaine-addicted infants were found to be generally negative and/or judgmental and their knowledge to be low. More experience with nursing cocaine-addicted infants and greater acuity of the neonatal unit in which the nurse worked correlated with more positive attitudes toward the infants but not toward their mothers. Knowledge and attitude correlated positively with formal education, inservice education, and self-education, but the correlations were weak.

  15. Medical students' perceptions regarding the importance of nutritional knowledge and their confidence in providing competent nutrition practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlstein, R; McCoombe, S; Shaw, C; Nowson, C

    2016-11-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the perceived importance, knowledge and confidence in nutritional management in a sample of Australian medical students undertaking a 4-year postgraduate medical degree. In 2015, students in years 1-4 were anonymously surveyed to assess students' perceived importance of nutrition, and knowledge and confidence in nutritional management. A total of 131 first and second year (preclinical/yr 1-2) medical students (46% response rate) and 66 third and fourth year (clinical/yr 3-4) students (24% response rate) completed the questionnaire. Most preclinical students agreed that medical graduates should understand nutritional issues in managing cardiovascular disease (99%), type 2 diabetes (93%), coeliac disease (95%), and renal impairment (97%). However, students were limited in their confidence to demonstrate this knowledge (range of confidence: 26%-41%) for individual medical conditions. This improved for students in the clinical context of years 3 and 4, although it was still not optimal (range 26%-81%). Few year 3 and 4 students reported confidence in knowledge related to medicolegal issues, respiratory disease, nutritional guidelines and nutrition assessment (all 80%) reported confidence in the dietary management of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and coeliac disease and >60% indicated they would refer onto nutrition professionals. This cohort of postgraduate medical students recognize the importance of nutrition in disease. The number of students reporting increased confidence in nutritional management of a few select diseases where dietary management is one of the cornerstones of treatment (e.g. type 2 diabetes) rises throughout the course. However, students reported lower levels of knowledge in diseases where diet is secondary to other treatments and preventative strategies (e.g. respiratory disease). Filling the gap by integrating the nutritional management into the range of common chronic diseases during training

  16. Doping in sport: a review of elite athletes' attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morente-Sánchez, Jaime; Zabala, Mikel

    2013-06-01

    Doping in sport is a well-known phenomenon that has been studied mainly from a biomedical point of view, even though psychosocial approaches are also key factors in the fight against doping. This phenomenon has evolved greatly in recent years, and greater understanding of it is essential for developing efficient prevention programmes. In the psychosocial approach, attitudes are considered an index of doping behaviour, relating the use of banned substances to greater leniency towards doping. The aim of this review is to gather and critically analyse the most recent publications describing elite athletes' attitudes, beliefs and knowledge of doping in sport, to better understand the foundations provided by the previous work, and to help develop practical strategies to efficiently combat doping. For this purpose, we performed a literature search using combinations of the terms "doping", "sport", "elite athletes", "attitudes", "beliefs", "knowledge", "drugs", and "performance-enhancing substances" (PES). A total of 33 studies were subjected to comprehensive assessment using articles published between 2000 and 2011. All of the reports focused on elite athletes and described their attitudes, beliefs and knowledge of doping in sport. The initial reasons given for using banned substances included achievement of athletic success by improving performance, financial gain, improving recovery and prevention of nutritional deficiencies, as well as the idea that others use them, or the "false consensus effect". Although most athletes acknowledge that doping is cheating, unhealthy and risky because of sanctions, its effectiveness is also widely recognized. There is a general belief about the inefficacy of anti-doping programmes, and athletes criticise the way tests are carried out. Most athletes consider the severity of punishment is appropriate or not severe enough. There are some differences between sports, as team-based sports and sports requiring motor skills could be less

  17. Medical and Psychology Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Aging and Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Rachel J.; Zweig, Richard A.

    2010-01-01

    The current study surveys medical and doctoral psychology students (N = 100) from an urban northeastern university regarding knowledge and attitudes toward elderly sexuality and aging using the Facts on Aging Quiz, the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale, and measures of interest in gerontology, academic/clinical exposure to aging and…

  18. Examining Athletes' Attitudes toward Using Anabolic Steroids and Their Knowledge of the Possible Effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anshel, Mark H.; Russell, Kenneth G.

    1997-01-01

    Examined the relationships between athletes' (N=291) knowledge about the long-term effects of anabolic steroids and their attitudes toward this type of drug. Results show low correlation between greater knowledge and attitudes about the use of steroids in sports, suggesting that drug education programs regarding steroids may have limited value.…

  19. HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours among College Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tung, Wei-Chen; Hu, Jie; Efird, Jimmy Thomas; Yu, Liping; Su, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, sources of HIV information and behaviours related to HIV, and to explore the difference in the HIV knowledge and attitudes between genders and school years among college students in China. Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional. Setting: 475 college students from two universities in China. Method: Data…

  20. Plants Have a Chance: Outdoor Educational Programmes Alter Students' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

    2011-01-01

    Outdoor educational programmes are generally believed to be a suitable alternative to conventional biology settings that improve participants' environmental attitudes and knowledge. Here we examine whether outdoor educational programmes focused solely on practical work with plants influence participants' knowledge of and attitudes towards plants.…

  1. HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours among College Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tung, Wei-Chen; Hu, Jie; Efird, Jimmy Thomas; Yu, Liping; Su, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, sources of HIV information and behaviours related to HIV, and to explore the difference in the HIV knowledge and attitudes between genders and school years among college students in China. Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional. Setting: 475 college students from two universities in China. Method: Data…

  2. [Development of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on prevention and control of occupational diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yuan; Feng, Yuchao; Wang, Min; Su, Yiwei; Li, Yanhua; Wang, Zhi; Tang, Shihao

    2015-04-01

    To develop the knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on the prevention and control of occupational diseases for occupational groups, and to provide a convenient and effective tool for the survey of knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the prevention and control of occupational diseases in occupational groups and the evaluation of intervention effect. The initial questionnaire which was evaluated by the experts was used to carry out a pre-survey in Guangzhou, China. The survey results were statistically analyzed by t test, identification index method, correlation analysis, and Cronbach's a coefficient method. And then the questionnaire was further modified, and the content of the questionnaire was determined finally. After modification, there were 18 items on knowledge, 16 items on attitude, and 12 items on behavior in the "Knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on the prevention and control of occupational diseases for enterprise managers"; there were 19 items on knowledge, 10 items on attitude, and 11 items on behavior in the "Knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on the prevention and control of occupational diseases for workers". The knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on the prevention and control of occupational diseases for occupational groups is developed successfully, and it is a convenient and effective tool for the survey of knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the prevention and control of occupational diseases in occupational groups and the evaluation of intervention effect.

  3. Science and Mathematics Teacher Candidates' Environmental Knowledge, Awareness, Behavior and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yumusak, Ahmet; Sargin, Seyid Ahmet; Baltaci, Furkan; Kelani, Raphael R.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure science and mathematics teacher candidates' environmental knowledge level, awareness, behavior and environmental attitudes. Four instruments comprising Environmental Sensitivity Scale, environmental Behavior Scale, Environmental Attitudes Scale and Environmental Knowledge Test were administered to a total…

  4. Change in Knowledge and Attitudes among Students in an Undergraduate Developmental Psychology Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohr-Preston, Sara

    2015-01-01

    Non-parent college students enrolled in a lifespan developmental psychology course were assessed at two time points (beginning of the semester and shortly after midterm) on knowledge and attitudes that would likely to be useful for the transition to parenthood. Students reported perceived change in knowledge and attitudes, and repeated measures…

  5. Medical and Psychology Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Aging and Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Rachel J.; Zweig, Richard A.

    2010-01-01

    The current study surveys medical and doctoral psychology students (N = 100) from an urban northeastern university regarding knowledge and attitudes toward elderly sexuality and aging using the Facts on Aging Quiz, the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale, and measures of interest in gerontology, academic/clinical exposure to aging and…

  6. Knowledge and Attitude regarding Recovery among Mental Health Practitioners in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klockmo, Carolina; Marnetoft, Sven-Uno; Nordenmark, Mikael; Dalin, Rolf

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to investigate the knowledge and the attitude regarding recovery among practitioners working in the Swedish mental health system, Personligt Ombud (PO), Supported Housing Team (SHT) and Psychiatric Out Patient Service (POPS), to determine whether and how knowledge and attitude regarding recovery differ between the three services. A…

  7. Measuring Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Sustainable Development among Tenth Grade Students in Manitoba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalos, Alex C.; Creech, Heather; Swayze, Natalie; Kahlke, P. Maurine; Buckler, Carolee; Rempel, Karen

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present standardized measures of tenth grade students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning sustainable development as those concepts are understood in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and we test the hypothesis that knowledge and favourable attitudes toward SD lead to favourable…

  8. Dutch dental patients on informed consent: Knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and behaviour.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouten, B.; Hoogstraten, J.; Eijkman, M.

    2002-01-01

    Examined knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and behavior concerning informed consent regarding dental patients. 128 dental patients (mean age 41.7 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning knowledge of and attitudes and behavior toward present status, purpose and risks of treatment, treatment costs

  9. Profile of Knowledge Management, Basic Sanitation and Attitudes towards Clean and Health Community in Kupang City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikmah; Ardi, Muhammad; Yahya, Mohamad; Upa, Muhamad D. Pua; Dirawan, Gufran Darma

    2017-01-01

    The objective of research is to describe the knowledge and attitude of basic sanitation management community in Kupang City. This type of research is a survey research using quantitative approach. Data were collected by using the instrument in the form of test knowledge of basic sanitation management and attitude questionnaire. The data was then…

  10. Knowledge of and Attitude towards Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Primary School Teachers in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Omari, Hasan; Al-Motlaq, Mohammad A.; Al-Modallal, Hanan

    2015-01-01

    International studies have revealed variable levels of knowledge and attitudes among teachers regarding attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated Jordanian teachers' ADHD knowledge and their attitudes towards children with this condition. A standardised self-report questionnaire was completed by a convenience sample…

  11. Pressure ulcers: knowledge and attitude of nurses and nursing assistants in Belgian nursing homes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demarre, L.; Vanderwee, K.; Defloor, T.; Verhaeghe, S.; Schoonhoven, L.; Beeckman, D.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS: To gain insight into the knowledge and attitudes of nurses and nursing assistants and to study the correlation between knowledge, attitudes and the compliance with the pressure ulcer prevention guidelines provided to residents at risk of pressure ulcers in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: There is a

  12. Plants Have a Chance: Outdoor Educational Programmes Alter Students' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

    2011-01-01

    Outdoor educational programmes are generally believed to be a suitable alternative to conventional biology settings that improve participants' environmental attitudes and knowledge. Here we examine whether outdoor educational programmes focused solely on practical work with plants influence participants' knowledge of and attitudes towards plants.…

  13. Pressure ulcers: knowledge and attitude of nurses and nursing assistants in Belgian nursing homes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demarre, L.; Vanderwee, K.; Defloor, T.; Verhaeghe, S.; Schoonhoven, L.; Beeckman, D.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS: To gain insight into the knowledge and attitudes of nurses and nursing assistants and to study the correlation between knowledge, attitudes and the compliance with the pressure ulcer prevention guidelines provided to residents at risk of pressure ulcers in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: There is a

  14. Attitudes, Perceptions, and Aging Knowledge of Future Law Enforcement and Recreation Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurth, Maria L.; Intrieri, Robert C.

    2017-01-01

    The present study assessed knowledge of aging, ageism, and attitudes toward aging in undergraduate recreation and law enforcement majors. Past research with psychology, social work, and nursing majors showed that greater knowledge of aging was related to fewer ageist attitudes and beliefs. The results showed that law enforcement students possessed…

  15. Assessing Attitude to and Knowledge of Entrepreneurship among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    change the individual's life (Abdul-Rahaman, 2000; Sidek, 2006) learning ... been done on people's attitude to entrepreneurial skills because attitude is assumed to .... The instrument was given to experts in the field of psychology and test and.

  16. Improving rural newspaper coverage of nutrition stories: an educational assessment of editors' attitudes and learning needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nothwehr, Faryle; Chrisman, Matthew; Andsager, Julie L

    2014-11-01

    Local newspapers are an important source of information for rural residents but often lack accurate or helpful nutrition-related information. To improve the quantity and quality of nutrition stories in rural, local newspapers, it is important to understand the perspective of editors. An online survey of 51 rural Midwest editors was conducted to assess attitudes toward writing nutrition stories, sources of information, perceived challenges, and interest in learning more about writing such stories. Of respondents, 49% were female, and 63% had at least a 4-year college degree. Through a mix of closed- and open-ended questions, the majority indicated positive attitudes toward nutrition stories, were confident in their abilities to write them, and expressed interest in learning more. Challenges cited include lack of print space, small staff, lack of specific requests from readers for nutrition stories, and the need to avoid offending local agricultural businesses. Results should be useful in planning an educational intervention for editors. Meanwhile, public health practitioners should provide concise press releases to their local newspapers about their activities. Also, greater expressions of appreciation from public health professionals and other readers may lead to higher prioritization of nutrition-related stories, and ultimately to an environment more supportive of healthy eating.

  17. Improving Rural Newspaper Coverage of Nutrition Stories: An Educational Assessment of Editors’ Attitudes and Learning Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nothwehr, Faryle; Chrisman, Matthew; Andsager, Julie L.

    2014-01-01

    Local newspapers are an important source of information for rural residents but often lack accurate or helpful nutrition-related information. To improve the quantity and quality of nutrition stories in rural, local newspapers, it is important to understand the perspective of editors. An online survey of 51 rural Midwest editors was conducted to assess attitudes toward writing nutrition stories, sources of information, perceived challenges, and interest in learning more about writing such stories. Of respondents, 49% were female, and 63% had at least a 4-year college degree. Through a mix of closed- and open-ended questions, the majority indicated positive attitudes toward nutrition stories, were confident in their abilities to write them, and expressed interest in learning more. Challenges cited include lack of print space, small staff, lack of specific requests from readers for nutrition stories, and the need to avoid offending local agricultural businesses. Results should be useful in planning an educational intervention for editors. Meanwhile, public health practitioners should provide concise press releases to their local newspapers about their activities. Also, greater expressions of appreciation from public health professionals and other readers may lead to higher prioritization of nutrition-related stories, and ultimately to an environment more supportive of healthy eating. PMID:24648288

  18. Exploring General and Sports Nutrition and Food Knowledge in Elite Male Australian Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devlin, Brooke L; Belski, Regina

    2015-06-01

    Nutrition knowledge is believed to influence nutritional intake, which in turn influences performance in elite athletes. There is currently no published data on the nutrition knowledge of elite Australian Football (AF) players. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the current level of general and sports nutrition knowledge in elite male AF athletes. Forty six elite male AF players (23.5 ± 2.8 years) answered 123 questions relating to five areas of nutrition knowledge: dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, choosing everyday foods, alcohol and sports nutrition. Demographic details and perceptions of nutrition knowledge were collected for all participants. The mean nutrition knowledge score was 74.4 ± 10.9 (60.5%). The highest score was obtained in sports nutrition section (17.9 ± 3.0, 61.7%). The dietitian was selected as the first source of information by 98% of athletes, with club trainer and teammates as second choice for 45.7% and 23.9% of athletes, respectively. The majority of athletes correctly answered questions regarding recommendations to increase fruit and vegetable intake and decrease fat intake (95.6%, 91.1% and 93.3% correct respectively). While 80% of the athletes were aware fat intake should predominately be made up of unsaturated fat, they were less able to identify food sources of unsaturated fats (35.6% and 24.4% correct for statements regarding monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, respectively). Broad nutrition messages and recommendations appear to be well understood; however, gaps in nutrition knowledge are evident. A better understanding of nutrition knowledge in athletes will allow nutrition education interventions to target areas in need of improvement.

  19. The knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on immunization of healthcare workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra Karacaer

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The objective of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of healthcare workers (HCWs working in our center about Hepatitis B Virus (HBV, seasonal flu (SF and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR vaccinations and reasons not to be vaccinated. Methods: This study was a descriptive survey conducted among HCWs of our hospital between 1 to 31 May 2014. The data were collected by a face-to-face questionnaire form consisting of 41 questions. Collected data were analyzed via SPSS 22,0, p <0.05 was considered significant Results: 219 HCWs participated in the study. The study group included 113 men. A median age of 39 years (minmax: 24-66. The median service duration of HCWs was 17 years (min-max: 1-35. Education levels of personnels were primary (primary -secondary-high school, colleges-university, master's degree-PhD ( respectively 45, 136, 38 people. The median score of correct information, the right attitude and the correct behavior were 7 (min-max: 1-10, 35 (min-max: 27-47, 5 (min-max: 0- 9, respectively. People who never got vaccinated against SF and who got vaccinated every year were calculated 46.6% and 20.1%. H1N1, HBV and measles vaccination rate were 46.6%, 82.6% and 18.3%, respectively. Not believing vaccine's protectiveness for SF (34,9%, concerned about safety for H1N1(44,4%, neglected for HBV (36,8%, got sick before for measles (36,3% were the factors most influential in refusal to get vaccinated. Conclusions: It is important that correct and sufficient information is accessed on issues such as effectiveness, side effects of vaccines in order to increase the rate of vaccination of HCWs [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(5.000: 353-363

  20. Knowledge and attitude towards health and food safety among students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvin Dehghan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Health and food safety is one of the most important issues of nutrition science. The present study aims to examine the knowledge and attitude towards health and food safety among students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Methods: This study was conducted through cross-sectional approach on 300 students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences who were selected through stratified random sampling method, using a validated and reliable researcher-made questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS.Results: More than 50% of students had high attitude and knowledge towards health and food safety and washing hands before cooking. Further, more than 60% of students had low attitude on other related items such as unimportance of food additives in food safety. Besides, more than 50% of students had low knowledge about best temperature to store cooked food which is between 5 to 65 °C and the most appropriate plastic containers to keep food healthy. About 87.3% of students had good knowledge about diseases that could be transmitted through food. That there was a significant relationship between students' attitude and taking courses related to health and food safety (P = 0.010. There was also a significant relationship between students' knowledge and their college (P = 0.001 and major (P = 0.020. Conclusion: Results obtained revealed that students from some colleges and some majors had low knowledge of health and food safety. It is therefore necessary to hold training programs through workshops or to include courses in the curriculum of majors that lack such credits.

  1. Nutrition knowledge, and use and understanding of nutrition information on food labels among consumers in the UK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Wills, Josephine M.; Fernández-Celemín, Laura

    2010-01-01

    Based on in-store observations in three major UK retailers, in-store interviews (2019) and questionnaires filled out at home and returned (921), use of nutrition information on food labels and its understanding were investigated. Respondents' nutrition knowledge was also measured, using...... a comprehensive instrument covering knowledge of expert recommendations, nutrient content in different food products, and calorie content in different food products. Across six product categories, 27% of shoppers were found to have looked at nutrition information on the label, with guideline daily amount (GDA......) labels and the nutrition grid/table as the main sources consulted. Respondents' understanding of major front-of-pack nutrition labels was measured using a variety of tasks dealing with conceptual understanding, substantial understanding and health inferences. Understanding was high, with up to 87...

  2. Public child welfare staff knowledge, attitudes, and referral behaviors for an evidence based parenting program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J. Whitaker

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about how the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the public child welfare work force influence implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP as most research has focused on the private workforce. This paper reports on public child welfare staff knowledge, attitudes, and practices in a state implementing the EBP, SafeCare®. A survey of public child welfare staff (N = 222 was conducted to assess knowledge, familiarity, and referral barriers and practices. Knowledge of and familiarity with SafeCarewere low, especially among front line staff (case managers. Attitudes toward SafeCare were fairly positive, but somewhat less so than attitudes toward a standard, non-evidenced based parenting program. Case managers were significantly less likely to have made a referral (15% than other staff (46%. Job tenure had few effects on familiarity, knowledge, attitudes, or referrals. The strongest predictors of having made referrals were familiarity with SafeCare and job position.

  3. Knowledge, attitude and practice of condom use by women of an impoverished urban area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smalyanna Sgren da Costa Andrade

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Assessing the adequacy of knowledge, attitude and practice of women regarding male and female condoms as STI/HIV preventive measures. METHOD An evaluative Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP household survey with a quantitative approach, involving 300 women. Data collection took place between June and August 2013, in an informal urban settlement within the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraiba, Northeast Brazil. RESULTS Regarding the male condom, most women showed inadequate knowledge and practice, and an adequate attitude. Regarding the female condom, knowledge, attitude and practice variables were unsatisfactory. Significant associations between knowledge/religious orientation and attitude/education regarding the male condom were observed. CONCLUSION A multidisciplinary team should be committed to the development of educational practices as care promotion tools in order to improve adherence of condom use.

  4. Impact of nutrition education on nutrition knowledge of public school educators in South Africa: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Basic Education (DBE has not given nutrition education the necessary emphasis that it needs, despite its importance in South African schools. Nutrition is included as only one of many topics forming part of the Life Orientation syllabus. Educators are role models for learners in making healthy food choices, however, studies have shown that major gaps exist in the health and nutrition-related knowledge and behaviour of educators.The objective of this research was to undertake a pilot study to determine the impact of a nutrition education programme (NEP on the nutrition knowledge of Life Orientation educators in public schools in South Africa (SA. An exploratory baseline survey, to determine the nutrition education practices in 45 purposively selected public schools, was carried out before the experimental nutrition education intervention study. A nutrition knowledge questionnaire was completed by 24 purposively selected educators, representing all nine provinces in SA, before and after a three-day NEP. Pre and post-NEP data were analysed on the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS for a Windows program version 17.0 for descriptive statistics, version 17.0. Paired t-tests measured statistically significant differences (p < 0.05 before and after the NEP.The knowledge of the respondents improved significantly after the NEP as the mean±s.d. score of correctly answered questions (n = 59 improved from 63.3±30.2% before to 80.6±21.1% after the NEP. The results proved that nutrition knowledge of Life Orientation educators in primary schools is not optimal, but can be improved by NEP.

  5. [Impact of of school children's nutrition education program on the knowledge and nutritional behavior of their parents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozłowska-Wojciechowska, Małgorzata; Uramowska-Zyto, Barabara; Jarosz, Agnieszka; Makarewicz-Wujec, Magdalena

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the work was to present the analysis of the influence of school children's nutrition education program on the knowledge and nutritional behavior of their parents (110 persons). The program was realized during 10 lessons. The interview with the parents concerning their knowledge and nutritional behavior was carried before and after realization of educational program at school. One can state that changes of parents nutritional behavior was connected with the educational materials getting by children, for example higher consumption of vegetables, fruits, milk and its products were observed. An increased level of knowledge especially on sources of selected nutrients: calcium, dietary fiber was found. Education of children and youth can be seen as one of the effective educational method of their parents.

  6. Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Behaviors and Beliefs of High School Soccer Players

    OpenAIRE

    Manore, Melinda M.; Megan M. Patton-Lopez; Yu Meng; Siew Sun Wong

    2017-01-01

    For adolescent athletes (14–18 years), data on sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs are limited, especially based on sex, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. High school soccer players (n = 535; 55% female; 51% White, 41% Latino; 41% National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants (80% Latino)) completed two questionnaires (demographic/health history and sport nutrition). The sport nutrition knowledge score was 45.6% with higher scores in NSLP-Whites vs. NSLP-Latinos (p <...

  7. Nutrition Knowledge and Training Needs in the School Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Anna Marie

    2013-01-01

    The nutrition environment in schools can influence the risk for childhood overweight and obesity, which in turn can have life-long implications for risk of chronic disease. This dissertation aimed to examine the nutrition environment in primary public schools in California with regards to the amount of nutrition education provided in the…

  8. Food-Based Science Curriculum Yields Gains in Nutrition Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carraway-Stage, Virginia; Hovland, Jana; Showers, Carissa; Díaz, Sebastián; Duffrin, Melani W.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Students may be receiving less than an average of 4?hours of nutrition instruction per year. Integrating nutrition with other subject areas such as science may increase exposure to nutrition education, while supporting existing academics. Methods: During the 2009-2010 school year, researchers implemented the Food, Math, and Science…

  9. Nutrition Knowledge and Training Needs in the School Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Anna Marie

    2013-01-01

    The nutrition environment in schools can influence the risk for childhood overweight and obesity, which in turn can have life-long implications for risk of chronic disease. This dissertation aimed to examine the nutrition environment in primary public schools in California with regards to the amount of nutrition education provided in the…

  10. Habits and nutrition knowledge of adolescent performance swimmers Hábitos y conocimientos alimentarios de adolescentes nadadores de rendimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Saldaña

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The aim of this study was to assess the general eating habits and the nutritional knowledge of a group of adolescent performance swimmers. 20 swimmers (10 men, 10 women, mean age: 14.85 years, SD = 1.5 and 20 controls performance sport activities (11 men, 9 women, average age: 14.50 years, SD =0.68 participated in this study. Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire (Bach, 2003, Knowledge and Attitudes on Nutrition Questionnaire (Zawila, 2003 and an adaptation of the Lifestyles Project OBA questionnaire (cf. Sánchez-Carracedo and Saldaña, 1998 were used. The results showed that swimmers had an average nutrition knowledge and they were generally better informed about nutrition (p <0001 and nutrition for the athlete (p = 0063 than their controls, meanwhile dietary habits of the two groups were similar. Dietary habits of swimmers must be oriented. It is necessary to promote the role of coaches as informants on nutrition.
    Key Words:dietary habits, nutritional knowledge, swimmers, adolescents

     

    Con este trabajo pretendemos conocer los hábitos generales de alimentación y los conocimientos sobre nutrición de un grupo de adolescentes nadadores de rendimiento. En el estudio participaron 20 nadadores (10 hombres, 10 mujeres, edad media = 14,85 años, SD = 1,5 y 20 controles (11 hombres, 9 mujeres, edad media = 14,50 años, SD = 0,68. Se aplicó el cuestionario de Conocimiento Nutricional (Bach, 2003, el Cuestionario de Conocimiento y Actitudes Nutricionales (Zawila, 2003 y una adaptación del cuestionario de Estilos de Vida del proyecto OBA (cfr. Sánchez-Carracedo y Saldaña, 1998. El conocimiento nutricional de los nadadores fue medio y se mostraron mejor informados sobre nutrición general (p < ,001 y nutrición para el deportista (p = ,063 que sus controles, pero no se encontraron diferencias en los hábitos alimentarios. Los hábitos alimentarios de los nadadores deben ser

  11. KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF HEALTH CARE SCIENCE STUDENTS TOWARD OLDER PEOPLE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milutinović, Dragana; Simin, Dragana; Kacavendić, Jelena; Turkulov, Vesna

    2015-01-01

    Education of health science students in geriatrics is important in order to provide optimal care for the growing number of elderly people because it is the attitudes of health professionals toward the elderly that play the key role in the quality of care provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of health care science students towards ageing and care for the elderly. The present cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 130 students (medical, nursing and special education and rehabilitation) of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad. The students were divided into two groups. The first group (E) included students having been taught geriatrics and nursing older adults and the other group (C) included students who had not been trained in this subject. The authors used Palmore's facts on Ageing Quiz for the knowledge evaluation and Kogan's Attitude toward Older People Scale for the attitude evaluation. The results of Facts on Aging Quiz showed the average level of students' knowledge and statistically significant difference between E and C group. The analysis of Kogan's Attitudes toward Old People Scale showed that both groups had neutral attitudes toward older people. Furthermore, a positive correlation between students' knowledge and attitudes was found. There is increasing evidence on the correlation between education, knowledge and attitudes toward older people which suggests that by acquiring better insights into all aspects of ageing through their education the students develop more positive attitudes and interest in working with older adults.

  12. Knowledge and Attitude of Dental Students towards HIV/AIDS Patients in Melaka, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vijendra Pal; Osman, Izni Syazana; Rahmat, Nur Amanina; Bakar, Nur Ashikin Abu; Razak, Nurul Fathin Natasha Abdul; Nettem, Sowmya

    2017-05-01

    Cross contamination of HIV is a real threat today. Dental treatment often includes direct contact with a patient's blood and saliva, therefore dental professionals can be easily exposed to HIV microorganisms. Hence, it is essential to gain insight into dental students' knowledge and attitude towards HIV patients. A cross-sectional survey of 186 clinical year dental students (year 3, 4 and 5) in the 2015-2016 academic session at the Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College (MMMC), Manipal University, Melaka volunteered to participate in the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to determine their knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS patients. Among 137 respondents (females 74.5% and males 25.6%), 40.9% were Malay, 46.7% were Chinese, 10.2% were Indian and 2.2% were others. The majority had an excellent (41.6%) to good (56.2%) knowledge and only (18%) had a professional attitude. There was a statistically significant association of knowledge with gender (P = 0.009) and ethnicity (P = 0.024), However, no association was found between attitude and gender (P = 0.756) or ethnicity (P = 0.792), or between knowledge and attitude (P = 0.473) of dental students. Dental students' knowledge was not significantly associated with attitude. However, knowledge was associated with gender and ethnicity, but no association was found between age and knowledge and between age, gender, or ethnicity and attitude.

  13. A study of masturbatory knowledge and attitudes and related factors among Taiwan adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Rung-Jy; Huang, Yu; Lin, Yen-Chin

    2007-09-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between masturbatory knowledge and masturbatory attitudes among Taiwan adolescents. This study was based on a structured questionnaire survey that used the Adolescent Masturbatory Knowledge Inventory (AMKI) and the Adolescent Negative Attitude toward Masturbation Inventory (ANAMI). Subjects were recruited from the third grade of high school and vocational school students aged 17-18 living in Kaohsiung (southern Taiwan) using stratified and cluster sampling approaches. Seven hundred and eighty questionnaires were sent out, with a 96.8% response rate. A total of 95.3% of male subjects and 30.3% of female subjects reported having masturbation experience. Masturbatory knowledge was significantly related to the variables "school system", "frequency of viewing pornographic media", "status of being sexually active", and "conversation about sex with friends". Masturbatory attitudes were significantly associated with the same variables as well as with gender and masturbatory behavior. Masturbatory attitudes were positively correlated with masturbatory knowledge. The school system explained 15.4% of masturbatory knowledge variance. Masturbatory knowledge, masturbatory behavior, frequency of viewing pornographic media and status of being sexually active explained 39.5% of masturbatory attitude variance. In conclusion, adolescents in Taiwan hold positive attitudes toward masturbation and reported having insufficient knowledge regarding masturbation. Results can assist school staffs and parents to gain a deeper understanding of adolescents' knowledge about and attitudes toward masturbation.

  14. Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviours towards Recommended Vaccinations among Healthcare Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Torre, Giuseppe; Scalingi, Stefania; Garruto, Veronica; Siclari, Marco; Chiarini, Massimiliano; Mannocci, Alice

    2017-01-01

    Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group of professionals exposed to biological risk during their work activities. So, the aim of this study is to perform a survey on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Italian HCWs towards the vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period September 2014–August 2015 in the Lazio region. The study was conducted by recruiting HCWs and biomedical students. The sample was comprised of 571 responders, of whom 12.4% were physicians, 18.9% were nurses, 34.3% were other HCW, and 34.3% were biomedical students (medical and nurses students). Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is perceived as a risk for personal health by 457 (80%) participants; TB is also worrying (434; 76%). Moreover, HBV (70.9%) and tuberculosis (TB) (79.2%) are perceived as a risk for health, while influenza is not considered so by most participants (46.2%). There is an underestimation of the role of influenza, perceived as a risk for 137 respondents (24%). The vaccination rate among these HCWs is highest for Hepatitis B virus (HBV) (82%), and lowest for influenza (28.5%) and varicella (40.3%). The vast majority of responders are in favour of HBV (77.8%) and TB (64.8%) vaccines. For other vaccinations there is less interest (between 33% and 40% for measles, mumps, rubella, pertussis and influenza). This study shows that knowledge of recommended occupational vaccinations is insufficient in HCWs, with few exceptions represented by HBV and TB. There is a need for novel approaches in this field, with the aim of enhancing vaccine coverage among HCW. PMID:28272332

  15. Knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals regarding alternative treatments

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    Alexandros Andrikopoulos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there seems to be an interest in complementary treatments, with the result that there is a noticeable increase in their use. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals who work in a medium-sized general hospital, regarding employing alternative treatments in everyday practice. Method and material: The sample of the study comprised of 234 healthcare professionals from a General Hospital. A special, valid and anonymous questionnaire was used. Data collection took place from March to May 2013, and the SPSS 17.0 software was used for the statistical analysis (p < 0.05. Results: The majority of the participants were married (62.3% female (75.6% nurses (56.9% of higher education level (46.1%, aged 47,08 ± 9,18 years. The majority knew what alternative treatments were and how they could be applied (79.2%, n=186, while 79 persons (33.8% reported having used at least once some kind of an alternative treatment and 61.5% (n=143 of them said they were fairly/very satisfied with the results. 91% (n=211 of the participants said supervision should be necessary for the use of alternative treatments, and most of them were informed about those treatments by other healthcare professionals (38.8%, family or friends (38%, and the Internet (34,6%. Conclusions: Alternative treatments are a modern therapeutic approach that improves cooperation; healthcare professionals should acquire specialised knowledge regarding complementary treatments.

  16. Female genital mutilation: Survey of paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sureshkumar, Premala; Zurynski, Yvonne; Moloney, Susan; Raman, Shanti; Varol, Nesrin; Elliott, Elizabeth J

    2016-05-01

    The study objective was to determine paediatricians' experience with female genital mutilation (FGM) in Australian children and adolescents. A cross-sectional, pilot-tested national survey of paediatricians practising in Australia and contributing to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit was conducted. Clinicians' knowledge, attitudes and clinical experience with FGM, awareness of clinical guidelines and education/training needs were recorded. Of 1311 paediatricians surveyed, 497 (38%) responded. Fifty-seven percent were aged 50 years or more, and 51.3% were males. Over half believed that FGM was performed in children in Australia and most were aware of its complications, but few asked about or examined for FGM. Fifty (10.3%) had seen at least one case of FGM in girls aged <18 years during their clinical career, including 16 (3.3%) in the past 5 years. Most were aware that FGM is illegal in Australia (93.9%), agreed all types of FGM were harmful (97.4%) and agreed that FGM violated human rights (98.2%). Most (87.6%) perceived FGM as a traditional cultural practice, although 11.6% thought it was required by religion. The majority (81.8%) knew notification of FGM to child protection authorities was mandatory. Over half (62.0%) were aware of the WHO Statement on FGM, but only 22.0% knew the WHO classification of FGM. These novel data indicate a minority of paediatricians in Australia have clinical experience with or education about FGM. Educational programs, best-practice clinical guidelines and policies are required to address knowledge gaps and help paediatricians identify, manage and prevent FGM in children.

  17. Nutrition-related practices and attitudes of Kansas skipped-generation(s) caregivers and their grandchildren.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Mary Meck; Murray, Bethany J

    2010-12-01

    Despite growing numbers, the nutrition practices and attitudes of skipped-generation(s) kinship caregivers regarding feeding the dependent children in their care have not been examined. In this qualitative study, transcriptions of semi-structured interviews with 19 female and four male skipped-generation(s) Kansas caregivers (ages 47 to 80, 92% non-Hispanic whites, 83% female, 78% grandparents and 22% great-aunt or great-grandparent caregivers; caring for a range of one to four children, ages three to 18, for an average of nine years) were content analyzed for how their nutrition-related practices and attitudes had changed since parenting the first time. Sub-themes regarding practices included: being more nutrition and food safety conscious now, and shifting their child feeding style. The children seemed to be adversely affected by an on-the-go lifestyle and the use of more electronics. Caregivers described their sources for child feeding advice as being based mostly on information from their mothers, physicians, and their past parenting experiences. Sub-themes for attitudes included opinions that nutrition and safe food handling are important and that nutritious food is expensive. They preferred printed or video nutrition education materials and wanted to receive information through organizations they trusted. This population could benefit from education on: infant, child, adolescent, and sports nutrition; feeding "picky eaters"; healthful recipes, "fast foods" and packaged foods; quick, inexpensive meals and snacks low in fat, sugar, and salt; limiting sedentary time; family meals; using food thermometers; and intergenerational gardening and cooking.

  18. Nutrition-Related Practices and Attitudes of Kansas Skipped-Generation(s Caregivers and Their Grandchildren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Meck Higgins

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite growing numbers, the nutrition practices and attitudes of skipped‑generation(s kinship caregivers regarding feeding the dependent children in their care have not been examined. In this qualitative study, transcriptions of semi-structured interviews with 19 female and four male skipped-generation(s Kansas caregivers (ages 47 to 80, 92% non-Hispanic whites, 83% female, 78% grandparents and 22% great-aunt or great‑grandparent caregivers; caring for a range of one to four children, ages three to 18, for an average of nine years were content analyzed for how their nutrition-related practices and attitudes had changed since parenting the first time. Sub-themes regarding practices included: being more nutrition and food safety conscious now, and shifting their child feeding style. The children seemed to be adversely affected by an on-the-go lifestyle and the use of more electronics. Caregivers described their sources for child feeding advice as being based mostly on information from their mothers, physicians, and their past parenting experiences. Sub-themes for attitudes included opinions that nutrition and safe food handling are important and that nutritious food is expensive. They preferred printed or video nutrition education materials and wanted to receive information through organizations they trusted. This population could benefit from education on: infant, child, adolescent, and sports nutrition; feeding “picky eaters”; healthful recipes, “fast foods” and packaged foods; quick, inexpensive meals and snacks low in fat, sugar, and salt; limiting sedentary time; family meals; using food thermometers; and intergenerational gardening and cooking.

  19. Obesity-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in obese and non-obese urban Philadelphia female adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon-Larsen, P

    2001-02-01

    To examine relationships between knowledge, attitudinal and behavioral factors, and obesity and to determine how these factors influence obesity status in west Philadelphia female adolescents. A matched-pairs study was conducted with 32 stature- and age-matched pairs of obese (body mass index and triceps skinfold > or =95th percentile of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I) and non-obese (body mass index and triceps skinfold between the 15th and 85th percentiles of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I) female African American adolescents (aged 11 to 15 years), selected from a school-based study sample, based on obesity status and matching criteria. Adolescents were compared on the following measures: physical activity, inactivity, dietary intake, eating attitudes, health behavior knowledge, body image, self-esteem, and maturation status. Differences between obese and non-obese females were tested using paired t tests and Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank tests. Physical activity, inactivity, and perception of ideal body size emerged as the most important contributory factors to obesity status. There were no statistically significant matched-pair differences in macronutrient and micronutrient intakes, self-esteem, eating attitudes, health behavior knowledge, or maturation status of these adolescents. Obese adolescents had significantly lower levels of physical activity, higher inactivity, and a larger perception of ideal body size than non-obese adolescents. Knowledge and attitudinal factors (with the exception of perception of ideal body size) had far less association with obesity than activity-related behavioral factors. These findings suggest that future intervention strategies should pay particular attention to physical activity, inactivity, and body image attitudes.

  20. Study of Youths’ Knowledge, Behavior, and Attitude towards Consanguineous Marriages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Hasanzadeh-Nazarabadi

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Consanguineous marriages are traditionally favoured in most of Asian and African countries especially in the Muslim countries. However, it is apparent that these kinds of marriage are a major factor of some genetic disorders inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Although there is a long history of consanguineous marriage in Iran, the information on its prevalence is too poor. The aim of this study was to define the frequency of consanguineous marriage in Mashhad City, Khorasan Province, Iran as well as its correlations to the youths’ attitude and their knowledge about the genetic consequences of inbreeding. The concerning information was obtained by administration of a direct questionnaire including 50 open and closed questions. The subjects were 500 young people (with a mean age of 21.4 yr who were selected during a quota sampling. The results of this study revealed that most of the youth did not have favorable information about the consequences of genetic disorders of inbreeding. There was a higher rate of consanguinity in the rural rather than the urban population. The traditional beliefs and the authority of the parents who had also experienced consanguineous marriage were other predominating factors of inbreeding.

  1. Patient's Knowledge and Attitude towards Tuberculosis in an Urban Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasnim, Saria; Rahman, Aminur; Hoque, F M Anamul

    2012-01-01

    Tuberculosis is a public health problem in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess knowledge of TB patients about symptoms, ways of transmission and treatment of tuberculosis, and their perception of the illness. Between March and August 2008, 762 adult TB patients were interviewed at selected DOTS centre of Dhaka city. Male and female distribution was 55.6% and 44.4%, respectively. One quarter of them were illiterate, and more than half had extended family and live in a congested situation. Night fever was the most common symptom known (89.9%), and 56% were aware that it could spread through sneezing/coughing. Television was mentioned as a source of information about TB. The majority expressed a helping attitude towards other TB patients. Although most of them were positive about getting family support, 46.6% mentioned discrimination of separate utensils for food or drink. About 50.5% expressed increased sadness, 39.8% had fear of loss of job/wedges, and 21.4% felt socially neglected. Along with drug treatment the psychosocial reactions of TB patients should be addressed at DOTS centers for better control of the disease.

  2. Malaria knowledge, attitudes and practices in Malawi: survey population characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettling, M; Steketee, R W; Macheso, A; Schultz, L J; Nyasulu, Y; Chitsulo, L

    1994-03-01

    A national knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) survey was conducted in March-April 1992 to examine malaria illness and the people's response to illness and malaria prevention. Fifty-one households in each of 30 randomly selected communities were sampled and information was recorded from 1,531 households and 7,025 individuals. The population is characterized by low income (average household and per capita income were US $490 and $122, respectively) and low education levels (among adult women, 45% had no formal education and only 3.9% completed more than 8 years of schooling). Characteristics of the population were similar to those found in the 1987 national census, suggesting that the survey population was representative of the larger population of Malawi. Children under 5 years of age made up 15.8% of the population and had the highest rates of fever illness; these children experienced an estimated 9.7 cases/year of fever illness consistent with malaria. Although adults reported fever less frequently, women of reproductive age experienced an estimated 6.9 episodes of fever annually. The burden of malaria morbidity in this population is extremely high and occurs in all age groups.

  3. Genetically Modified Food: Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, Animesh K.; Priyadarshini, Deepika; Biswas, Antara

    2010-10-01

    The concepts behind the technology of genetic modification of organisms and its applications are complex. A diverse range of opinions, public concern and considerable media interest accompanies the subject. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes of science teachers and senior secondary biology students about the application of a rapidly expanding technology, genetic engineering, to food production. The results indicated significant difference in understanding of concepts related with genetically engineered food stuffs between teachers and students. The most common ideas about genetically modified food were that cross bred plants and genetically modified plants are not same, GM organisms are produced by inserting a foreign gene into a plant or animal and are high yielding. More teachers thought that genetically engineered food stuffs were unsafe for the environment. Both teachers and students showed number of misconceptions, for example, the pesticidal proteins produced by GM organisms have indirect effects through bioaccumulation, induces production of allergic proteins, genetic engineering is production of new genes, GM plants are leaky sieves and that transgenes are more likely to introgress into wild species than mutated species. In general, more students saw benefits while teachers were cautious about the advantages of genetically engineered food stuffs.

  4. Teaching Pharmacology in 2010--new knowledge, new tools, new attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Ian

    2003-11-01

    Changes in pharmacology teaching are being driven by various pressures. These originate: from changes in the discipline itself; from government; from professional bodies; from students; from changes in teaching styles and opportunities; from academic staff; from ethical/animal rights considerations; from employers and from higher education institutions. These changes will require an alteration in the knowledge, skills and attitudes of academic pharmacologists as much as they will require changes in the way teaching is delivered and learning is facilitated. Pharmacology courses will be provided in a changed environment and must prepare students to work in a changed discipline as well as being appropriate for students who will take employment in non-pharmacology areas. Change is likely to centre around the curriculum, problem based learning, simulated practicals, peer assessment, use of the internet, information technology and interactive computer based learning, virtual learning environments and integrated medical courses. The most effective strategy to achieve the necessary changes is likely to involve collaboration between pharmacology teachers on a global scale and a general consciousness among current academic pharmacologists that we need to ensure tomorrow's academics are well prepared for the changed environment in which they will have to work.

  5. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers in food safety: An integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanin, Laís Mariano; da Cunha, Diogo Thimoteo; de Rosso, Veridiana Vera; Capriles, Vanessa Dias; Stedefeldt, Elke

    2017-10-01

    This study presents an overview of the relationship between knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of food handlers with training in food safety, in addition to proposing reflections on the training of food handlers, considering its responsibility for food safety and health of consumers. The review was based on the integrative method. The descriptors used were: (food handler), (knowledge, attitudes and practice) and (training). Six databases were searched, 253 articles were consulted and 36 original articles were included. Fifty per cent of the articles pointed that there was no proper translation of knowledge into attitudes/practices or attitudes into practices after training. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers are important for identifying how efficient training in food safety is allowing prioritize actions in planning training. The evaluation of KAP is the first step to understand the food handler's point of view. After this evaluation other diagnostic strategies become necessary to enhance this understanding. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Influence of nutritional knowledge on perceived healthiness and willingness to try functional foods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ares, Gastón; Giménez, Ana; Gámbaro, Adriana

    2008-11-01

    In order to assess the influence of nutritional knowledge on perceived healthiness and willingness to try functional foods, 104 consumers filled out a Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire and answered a conjoint task. Participants had to evaluate 16 concepts consisting of combinations of carrier products (yogurt, milk desserts, pan bread and mayonnaise) and nutritional modifications (regular product, low-fat, enriched with antioxidants, and enriched with fibre). Three groups of consumers were identified with different level of nutritional knowledge. Highly significant differences were found in the healthiness evaluations of the clusters, which mainly depended on nutritional knowledge related to the links of diet and diseases. Highly significant differences in willingness to try functional foods were also found between the clusters. Whereas consumers with the lowest nutritional knowledge were not interested in consuming functional foods, the addition of fibre or antioxidants to healthy products increased the willingness of consumers with the highest level of nutritional knowledge to try the evaluated functional foods. These results suggested that lack of nutritional knowledge might limit the acceptance of functional foods and thus the use of health claims might be necessary to assure that consumers are aware of their health benefits.

  7. Association between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in Kelantan, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ranimah Yahya; Rosediani Muhamad; Harmy Mohamed Yusoff

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been realized as a primary cause of death in women for almost a century. However, the relationship between women’s knowledge, their wish and action on practicing heart healthy lifestyle is still vague. Aim and Objectives: This research aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice and attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in Kelantan. Methods/ Study Design: A cross sectional study ...

  8. Association between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Cardiovascular Disease among Women in Kelantan, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ranimah Yahya; Rosediani Muhamad; Harmy Mohamed Yusoff

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been realized as a primary cause of death in women for almost a century. However, the relationship between women’s knowledge, their wish and action on practicing heart healthy lifestyle is still vague. Aim and Objectives: This research aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice and attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in Kelantan. Methods/ Study Design: A cross sectional study ...

  9. Knowledge, Nutrition and Coaching Pedagogy: A Perspective from Female Brazilian Olympic Gymnasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Carly; Schiavon, Laurita Marconi; Bellotto, Maria Luisa

    2017-01-01

    It is acknowledged that knowledge and knowledge bases are an important part of coach and athlete learning and that the coach-athlete relationship is crucial to knowledge created, shared and used. This said knowledge about nutrition as constructed by elite gymnasts would seem particularly important in a culture long associated with weight control…

  10. Evaluation of Sports Nutrition Knowledge and Recommendations Among High School Coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couture, Steven; Lamarche, Benoit; Morissette, Eliane; Provencher, Veronique; Valois, Pierre; Goulet, Claude; Drapeau, Vicky

    2015-08-01

    The objectives of this study were to evaluate high school coaches' knowledge in sports nutrition and the nutritional practices they recommend to their athletes. Forty-seven high school coaches in "leanness" and "non-leanness" sports from the greater region of Quebec (women = 44.7%) completed a questionnaire on nutritional knowledge and practices. "Leanness sports" were defined as sports where leanness or/and low bodyweight were considered important (e.g., cheerleading, swimming and gymnastics), and "non-leanness sports" were defined as sports where these factors are less important (e.g., football). Participants obtained a total mean score of 68.4% for the nutrition knowledge part of the questionnaire. More specifically, less than 30% of the coaches could answer correctly some general nutrition questions regarding carbohydrates and lipids. No significant difference in nutrition knowledge was observed between coaches from "leanness" and "non-leanness" sports or between men and women. Respondents with a university education scored higher than the others (73.3% vs. 63.3%, p nutrition used by coaches was the Internet at 55%. The two most popular nutrition practices that coaches recommended to improve athlete performance were hydration and consumption of protein-rich foods. Recommendation for nutritional supplements use was extremely rare and was suggested only by football coaches, a nonleanness sport. Findings from this study indicate that coaches need sports nutrition education and specific training.

  11. Association of HIV transmissions and non-transmission knowledge with negative attitudes to HIV/AIDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Yu-feng; WANG Hua-dong; ZHAO Cun-xi; YAO Ying-shui; YE Dong-qing; JIANG Zuo-jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immure deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)-related stigma is an obstacle to the implementation of treatment, care, and support programs for people living with HIV/AIDS. This study explored the association of the HIV knowledge with the attitudes toward HIV/AIDS.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in HIV epidemic rural areas with 5355 participants. Their knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS were assessed, and the associations of HIV transmission and non-transmission knowledge with negative attitudes towards the HIV/AIDS were analyzed.Results Negative attitudes were significantly correlated with the HIV non-transmission knowledge and the correlation was higher than that with HIV transmission knowledge among participants who were male, 20 years old and migrant workers, students and respondents of and above junior high school. However, among those who were female, age 30 and older, illiterate with primary school education, negative attitudes were significantly associated with HIV non-transmission knowledge and the association was lower than that with HIV transmission knowledge.Conclusions HIV transmission knowledge and non-transmission knowledge have different influences on negative attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among different demographic subgroups.

  12. Knowledge levels and attitudes of health care professionals toward patients with hepatitis C infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Farahnaz Joukar; Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei; Fatemeh Soati; Panah Meskinkhoda

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To study knowledge levels and attitudes of health care providers toward patients with hepatitis C virus infection in Guilan,a northern province of Iran.METHODS:This cross-sectional study was performed on 239 health care professionals from the Razi Hospital,including doctors,nurses,and operating room technicians.The questionnaires consisted of questions on demographic characteristics,knowledge levels,and attitudes toward hepatitis C patients.The questionnaire was tested in a pilot study and validated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient.Data were analyzed using SPSS16 software.RESULTS:The mean ± SD knowledge score was 17.43 ± 2.65 (from a total of 22).51.9% of the participants achieved scores higher than the mean.There was a significant relationship between knowledge score and age (P =0.001),gender (P =0.0001),occupational history (P =0.0001),and educational history (P =0.027).There was also a significant relationship between attitude level and age (P =0.002),gender (P =0.0001),occupational history (P =0.0001),and educational history (P =0.035).Physicians were significantly more knowledgeable and showed more positive attitudes.There was a positive correlation between knowledge and attitude scores (P =0.02).CONCLUSION:Discriminatory attitudes are common among health care providers toward hepatitis C patients.It is therefore necessary to improve their knowledge level and attitude toward this disease.

  13. KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE REGARDING DIETARY HABITS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN KHAMMAM TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati M

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally and there is an alarming trend in the rise in childhood obesity. In the majority it is caused by an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise in children. With more fast-food restaurants appearing on every street corner it gives children an easy way to eat more unhealthy food. Children are also happier when they sit for hours in front of television or play on their play station. Studies show that in India, nearly 15 to 20% of children are overweight and 30% are in the risk of falling in this category. Although much importance has been given to under-nutrition in our country, obesity is slowly emerging as the future-killer. Hence this study is a small endeavour to know the knowledge and attitude of school children studying in government and private schools in Khammam regarding dietary habits. MATERIALS & METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to study the Knowledge, attitude and dietary practices of secondary school students in Khammam town over a period of two months. List of schools was obtained from Secondary Education Board. Among the total available schools 128 (includes 38 Government, 90 Private schools, 12 schools were included in the study (6 schools from Government &6 schools from Private strata were selected conveniently. Pre tested, pre designed questionnaire was given to Students that included questions on their eating habits and physical activity and their body mass index (BMI was calculated using Quetelets index. Body mass index (BMI was used to assess students' weight status. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS version 21.0. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a randomly selected government and private urban schools in Khammam. To assess the Knowledge, attitude regarding dietary practices of secondary school students of Khammam town. RESULTS: Among total number of students

  14. Emotional Intelligence, Pain Knowledge, and Attitudes of Nursing Students in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Joanne C Y; Hamamura, Takeshi

    2016-04-01

    Research on nursing students' pain knowledge and attitudes is limited. Although emotions play a role in pain assessment, no study has examined the associations between emotional intelligence and pain knowledge and the attitudes of nursing students. This cross-sectional quantitative study aimed to address this research gap by assessing the pain knowledge and attitudes of nursing students in Hong Kong and examining associations between emotional intelligence and the pain knowledge and attitudes of nursing students. A total of 104 postgraduate nursing students (45 Year 1 students and 59 Year 3 students) completed a questionnaire that included demographic information, the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale (SEIS) and the Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (KASRP). Data analyses included descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, chi-square test and t-tests. The pain knowledge and attitudes of both Year 1 students (M = 20.40, SD = 3.78) and Year 3 students (M = 21.36, SD = 3.15) were suboptimal, t(102) = -1.41, p = .16. Year 1 students had higher emotional intelligence (M = 122.44, SD = 8.90) than Year 3 students (M = 117.71, SD = 14.34), t(98.35) = 2.07, p = .04. For Year 1 students, emotional intelligence was negatively correlated with pain knowledge and attitudes, but the correlation was not significant (r = -.15, p = .33). For Year 3 students, emotional intelligence, pain knowledge and attitudes were negatively correlated, but the correlation was significant (r = -.31, p = .02). These results suggest that nursing students' pain knowledge and attitudes could be improved. Implications for nurse educators to enhance emotional intelligence and pain education for nursing students are discussed.

  15. An evaluation of knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy in Eastern Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyak, Emine; Dayapoglu, Nuray

    2017-08-23

    This study was designed to determine the knowledge and attitudes regarding epilepsy among individuals in eastern Turkey. This descriptive study involved 530 healthy individuals who came to the Research and Application Hospital of Ataturk University in Erzurum, Turkey. A questionnaire and the epilepsy knowledge and attitude scale were administered to collect data. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman's correlation tests were used to analyze the data. The participants' epilepsy knowledge mean score was 6.34 (SD=3.71), and their attitude mean score was 50.22 (SD=11.17). There was a positive (r=0.404) correlation between the knowledge and the attitude scores (pattitude scores (pattitude scores were higher for the participants who were high school and university graduates, had expenses equal to income, and lived in nuclear families and in the city center (pattitude scores (pattitude mean scores were also found for those who knew patients with epilepsy, had witnessed epileptic seizures, obtained information from healthcare personnel, and did not believe that epilepsy was associated with religion (pattitudes toward it. Higher knowledge positively affected attitude, and younger individuals had greater knowledge and, thus, more positive attitudes. Women, civil servants, and housewives had higher knowledge, whereas singles and students had better attitudes. The participants who had high educational levels and expenses equal to income and lived in nuclear families and the city center had more knowledge and displayed more positive attitudes. Greater knowledge and more positive attitudes were also found among the participants who knew patients with epilepsy, had witnessed epileptic seizures, obtained the information from healthcare personnel, and did not believe that epilepsy was associated with religion. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A cluster analysis to investigating nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and skills regarding the clinical management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, M F

    2007-01-01

    Nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and skills regarding the Clinical Management System are explored by identifying profiles of nurses working in Hong Kong. A total of 282 nurses from four hospitals completed a self-reported questionnaire during the period from December 2004 to May 2005. Two-step cluster analysis yielded two clusters. The first cluster (n = 159, 56.4%) was labeled "negative attitudes, less skillful, and average knowledge" group. The second cluster (n = 123, 43.6%) was labeled "positive attitudes, good knowledge, but less skillful." There was a positive correlation in cluster 1 for nurses' knowledge and attitudes (rs = 0.28) and in cluster 2 for nurses' skills and attitudes (rs = 0.25) toward computerization. The study showed that senior and more highly educated nurses generally held more positive attitudes to computerization, whereas the attitudes among younger and less well educated nurses generally were more negative. Such findings should be used to formulate strategies to encourage nurses to resolve actual problems following computer training and to increase the depth and breadth of nurses' computer knowledge and skills and improve their attitudes toward computerization.

  17. Making healthy food choices using nutrition facts panels. The roles of knowledge, motivation, dietary modifications goals, and age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lisa M Soederberg; Cassady, Diana L

    2012-08-01

    Nutrition facts panels (NFPs) contain a rich assortment of nutrition information and are available on most food packages. The importance of this information is potentially even greater among older adults due to their increased risk for diet-related diseases, as well as those with goals for dietary modifications that may impact food choice. Despite past work suggesting that knowledge and motivation impact attitudes surrounding and self-reported use of NFPs, we know little about how (i.e., strategies used) and how well (i.e., level of accuracy) younger and older individuals process NFP information when evaluating healthful qualities of foods. We manipulated the content of NFPs and, using eye tracking methodology, examined strategies associated with deciding which of two NFPs, presented side-by-side, was healthier. We examined associations among strategy use and accuracy as well as age, dietary modification status, knowledge, and motivation. Results showed that, across age groups, those with dietary modification goals made relatively more comparisons between NFPs with increasing knowledge and motivation; but that strategy effectiveness (relationship to accuracy) depended on age and motivation. Results also showed that knowledge and motivation may protect against declines in accuracy in later life and that, across age and dietary modification status, knowledge mediates the relationship between motivation and decision accuracy.

  18. Relationship Between Energy Drink Consumption and Nutrition Knowledge in Student-Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Richard; Kliemann, Nathalie; Evansen, Taylor; Brand, Jefferson

    2017-01-01

    To identify the relationships between energy drink consumption, nutrition knowledge, and socio-demographic characteristics in a convenience sample of student-athletes. Cross-sectional. Online survey. A total of 194 student-athletes (112 female and 82 male). Socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of human nutrition, energy drink consumption habits. Chi-square tests of independence, independent t tests, and hierarchical regression analyses were applied. Most student-athletes in the sample (85.5%) did not consume energy drinks, but those who did tended to be male (P = .004), had lower overall knowledge of nutrition (P = .02), and had a lower grade point average (P energy drink consumption was associated with the overall nutrition knowledge score when adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, with nonusers having greater nutrition knowledge (P = .007) than users. Student-athletes tend to refrain from energy drink use but those who use it have a tendency to have lower nutrition knowledge than do nonusers. Therefore, nutrition education targeted toward student-athletes should encompass the consumption of energy drinks because limited evidence shows the benefits of collegiate athletes consuming energy drinks. Copyright © 2016 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. The Impact of Nutrition Information Delivery Methods on Restaurant Consumers' Attitudes and Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Jiaqi

    2013-01-01

    Zhu, Jiaqi. M.S., Purdue University, December 2013. The Impact of Nutrition Information Delivery Methods on Restaurant Consumers' Attitudes and Behavior. Major Professors: Barbara A. Almanza, Carl A. Behnke. Obesity is a major public health threat. It not only creates challenges for those who are obese and overweight, but also brings an economic burden to the whole society. One important contributing factor for obesity is food eaten away from home, which accounts for more than 40% of Ameri...

  20. General practitioners' knowledge of ageing and attitudes towards older people in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yanni; Xiao, Lily Dongxia; Ullah, Shahid; Deng, Lanlan

    2015-06-01

    To explore general practitioners (GPs)knowledge of ageing, attitudes towards older people and factors affecting their knowledge and attitudes in a Chinese context. Four hundred GPs were surveyed using the Chinese version of the Aging Semantic Differential (CASD) and the Chinese version of the Facts on Aging Quiz (CFAQ1) scale. The CASD scores indicated that GPs had a neutral attitude towards older people. The CFAQ1 scores indicated a low level of knowledge about ageing. GPs' awareness of the mental and social facts of ageing was poorer compared to that of physical facts. Male GPs had a significantly higher negative bias score than female GPs. No other variables had a statistically significant influence on knowledge and attitudes. The findings suggest the need for education interventions for GPs regarding knowledge of ageing and also provide evidence to guide future development of continuing medical programs for this group of medical doctors. © 2013 ACOTA.

  1. Nutrition Knowledge in the U.S. Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Avallabilit 064Os iffail awer$ Dist Speo1l. 4 Introduction Background The role of diet and nutrition in health and disease development is well documented (1...and calories, food preparation, nutritional labeling, fast foods, and fad diets . The material presented in the NNWCG pertaining to these topical areas...posted nutritional labels (complete, or highlighting health -relevant ingredients, such as fat or sodium content), labels for "heart-healthy" or " diet

  2. Diversity attitudes and group knowledge processing in multicultural organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob; Selmer, Jan

    2013-01-01

    , based on a sample consisting of 489 members of multicultural academic departments, we set out to investigate the relationship between openness to diversity (linguistic, social category, value, and informational) and group knowledge processing (knowledge location, knowledge needed, bring knowledge...

  3. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Related to Sodium Intake and Reduction Among Adult Consumers in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Deesha; Cogswell, Mary E; John, Katherine; Creel, Stephanie; Ayala, Carma

    2017-01-01

    To describe the prevalence and determinants of sodium-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among U.S. adults Design. A cross-sectional survey was used. The study was set in the United States in 2012. Participants were 6122 U.S. adults. Sodium-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors were measured. Chi-squared tests were used to determine differences in sodium-related knowledge, attitude, and behaviors by respondent characteristics; multiple logistic regression was used to examine associations between selected respondent characteristics and health professional advice, reported action, or knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (adjusted for all other respondent characteristics). About three-fourths of respondents answered eating too much sodium is "somewhat" or "very" harmful to their health. Twenty-six percent reported receiving health professional advice, and 45% reported taking action to reduce their sodium intake. The prevalence of reported action was highest among adults receiving advice, those with hypertension, blacks, and those aged ≥65 years. Sixty-two percent who reported action agreed that most of their sodium comes from processed or restaurant foods. Of those reporting action, the most common tactics to reduce sodium intake were checking nutrition labels, using other spices than salt, and choosing low-sodium foods; requesting lower-sodium options when eating out was the least common tactic. Results suggest almost half of adults overall and the vast majority of those receiving health professional advice are taking some action to watch or reduce sodium intake. Although a substantial proportion report using recommended tactics to lower intake, many are not using the most effective tactics. In order to reach the general population, health communication messages could be simpler and focus on the most effective tactics to reduce sodium intake. Furthermore, health professionals can help reduce sodium intake by discussing the benefits of sodium reduction

  4. Towards the ASEAN Community: Assessing the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Aspirations of Thai University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinn Siraprapasiri

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article assesses the knowledge of, attitudes towards, and aspirations for ASEAN among Thai university students, who are set to enter the ASEAN Community labour market and are among those most in touch with ASEAN issues. It uses data obtained from a countrywide survey and focus group discussions to identify variables that affect knowledge, attitudes, and aspirations and to explore the relationships between knowledge, attitudes, and aspirations. The quantitative analysis conducted here uses students’ fields of study, academic performance, and exposure to both ASEAN-related courses and also information and discussions about ASEAN in the mass media and public forums as predictors of their level of knowledge about ASEAN. The paper’s results confirm that positive attitudes towards ASEAN lead to positive aspirations for ASEAN. They also reveal that significant knowledge about ASEAN cannot, in isolation, adequately explain students’ attitudes towards ASEAN and does not always lead to positive attitudes. These findings and those obtained from the focus group discussions suggest that a high level of knowledge and understanding of fellow ASEAN member countries and their people – whether attained through formal or informal education or social interaction – is needed for students to develop positive attitudes and become aspiring members of the ASEAN Community.

  5. Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention on Medical Students' Knowledge About and Attitude Towards Electroconvulsive Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Susan; Simiyon, Manjula; Vedachalam, Ahalya

    2016-04-01

    This study was done to determine the effectiveness of a lecture and exposure to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) followed by interaction with patient, on medical students' knowledge about and attitude towards electroconvulsive therapy. A questionnaire was administered to second year medical students to determine their baseline knowledge about and attitude towards electroconvulsive therapy. Following this, they underwent two educational interventions, a lecture on ECT and exposure to the procedure and interaction with the patient and relative, and their knowledge and attitude were reassessed after each intervention using the same questionnaire. Eighty-one students completed all the three assessments. Students' knowledge about ECT at baseline was minimal (mean 3.58 out of 12). Their knowledge increased significantly after the lecture (mean 10.3), and there was further increase following exposure to the procedure and subsequent interaction with the patient and relative (mean 11.1). At baseline, students had an overall negative attitude towards ECT. There was significant improvement on all attitude items following the lecture. Exposure to the procedure resulted in further improvement in attitude regarding whether ECT is a cruel treatment and has to be used as a last resort. Exposure to ECT in lecture and clinical scenarios followed by interaction with the patient should be included in the undergraduate medical curriculum to improve students' knowledge and attitude about this safe, effective, and potentially lifesaving treatment modality.

  6. SURVEY OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES ON PREVENTION OF CERVICAL CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Terzieva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cause of death among women of malignancies after breast cancer. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV is transmitted through sexual contact (vaginal, anal and oral and in contact skin-skin in the genital area. It is highly resistant to environmental conditions and is therefore widespread. Every sexually active woman is at risk. HPV is transmitted from man to woman and in most cases the infection is asymptomatic from 6 to 15 years after the time of infection, which further contributes to the spread of the virus. The aim of the research is exploring the opinion of students and their parents about the use of a vaccine to prevent cervical cancer. The subject of the research is the process of building a culture of health of young people and their subject position for participation in health prevention. Objects of the survey are the attitudes, knowledges and assessment of different social groups for protection and preservation of their health and the health of others. Scope of the research are 141 respondents: students and their parents. Approaches and methods for the study of the problem: theoretical analysis of the problem in the medical literature; documentary research; anonymous questionnaire survey; comparative analysis. Results of the study outline the unwillingness of the majority of parents - 54% to vaccinate their daughters. 62.3% of students said they "would not be vaccinated because the vaccine is considered as dangerous to health, and because there are not enough studies about the benefits of it."

  7. The views of registered nursing students from different cultures on attitude and knowledge regarding elderly sexuality

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Shan; Chen, Lihong; Han, Ruwang

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the knowledge and the attitude of registered nursing students regarding elderly sexuality, in order to raise the awareness of sexual needs of the aging. This study also aims to identify attitude towards elderly sexuality among registered nursing students from different cultural backgrounds. The research questions of this thesis are: What is the attitude towards elderly sexuality among students from different cultural backgrounds? To what extent does reg...

  8. Knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards alcohol and related problems: the impact of an educational intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Soares

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available An exploratory study of quasi-experimental approach that aimed to verify the impact of an educational intervention on attitudes and knowledge of nurses towards alcohol use and associated problems. The sample included 185 nurses, divided into two groups: 84 submitted to a training course and formed the experimental group. Data were collected through a knowledge survey and an attitude scale. The attitudes of the participants of both groups were positive. There were no significant differences between groups in relation to knowledge. The strongest predictors of positive attitudes were possessed preparation to act with chemical dependents (OR = 2.18, "have received increased workload during graduation on the theme, 'alcohol and other drugs'" (OR = 1.70, and "completed graduate school" (OR = 2.59. The educational intervention had a positive impact on the attitudes of nurses towards alcoholics, work and interpersonal relationships with such clientele.

  9. Knowledge and Attitude Towards Epilepsy Among Biology Teachers in Fars Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Akbar ASADI-POOYA

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveThis study investigates the awareness and perception on “epilepsy” amongst biology teachers in Fars province, Iran.Materials & MethodsA sample of high school biology teachers in Fars province, Iran, filled out an investigator designed questionnaire including questions about their knowledge and attitude concerning “epilepsy”. There were 17 questions in the questionnaire. Nine questions addressed the knowledge and the rest were about attitude and perception.ResultsForty two teachers completed the questionnaires. More than two-thirds of the participants had a fairly desirable awareness about the definition; whereas, only approximately 40% knew something about the etiology and treatment of epilepsy. More than two-thirds of the participants had a positive attitude towards epilepsy; however, misconceptions and negative attitudes were observed.ConclusionEducational programs for biology teachers and also other teachers are necessary to improve their knowledge, attitude and perception about epilepsy.

  10. Knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women regarding anemia, iron rich diet and iron supplements and its impact on their hemoglobin levels

    OpenAIRE

    Nivedita K.; Fatima Shanthini N

    2016-01-01

    Background: Anemia in pregnancy has detrimental effects on maternal and child health and prevalence of anemia during pregnancy is alarmingly high, inspite of the implementation of the national nutritional anemia prophylaxis programme which provides iron and folic acid which are the essential nutrients lacking in their diet. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women regarding anemia, Iron rich food and iron supplements and also to assess ...

  11. Knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding osteoporosis among women in three age groups: Shariati hospital, Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaghaz kanani R.

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Osteoporosis threatens the aged population especially the menopausal women and can lead to life long disability and death. Appropriate knowledge and behavior have an important role in prevention of osteoporosis. In this study the knowledge, attitude and behavior of women regarding osteoporosis is assessed and compared in different age groups.Methods: This cross sectional study includes 390 women in reproductive, premenopausal and menopausal age groups who had come to Shariati hospital clinics and each had answered the designed questionnaire. The questionnaires were scored and analyzed. Women's knowledge, attitude and behavior were assessed and compared by X2 test in the three age groups and P<0.05 was considered significant.Results: 15-30% of women didn't know what osteoporosis is and in 380 of them attitude or behavior was not good. Education had a significant effect on knowledge of women in reproductive and premenopausal ages (P=0.002, 0.04 respectively, but had no effect on their attitude or behavior. Age had a significant effect on knowledge and attitude (P=0.001 but had no effect on behavior. Age had significant effect on the knowledge that exercise can prevent osteoporosis (P=0.014 but not on attitude or behavior. Age had no effect on knowledge, attitude or behavior of daily calcium intake to prevent osteoporosis. (P=0.123, 0.12, 0.153 respectively 93% to 95% of women thought the risks of osteoporosis are less than cardiovascular disease or breast cancer.Conclusions: 15-30% of women didn't know what osteoporosis is. The total knowledge about osteoporosis was low. Although 22-75% of women younger than 54 years old had knowledge about the predisposing factors but their attitude or behavior was not good.

  12. Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior toward Charismatic Megafauna: The Case of Dolphins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barney, Erin C.; Mintzes, Joel J.; Yen, Chiung-Fen

    2005-01-01

    Using concept maps, a Kellert-type (S. R. Kellert, 1985) inventory, and self-report behavioral items, this cross-age study assessed public knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors toward bottlenose dolphins. Results suggest that this important megafaunal species is poorly understood by the public at large, and that negative "utilitarian" attitudes and…

  13. Turkish University Students' Knowledge of Biotechnology and Attitudes toward Biotechnological Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öztürk-Akar, Ebru

    2017-01-01

    This study questions the presumed relation between formal schooling and scientific literacy about biotechnologies. Comparing science and nonscience majors' knowledge of and attitudes toward biotechnological applications, conclusions are drawn if their formal learnings improve pupils' understandings of and attitudes toward biotechnology…

  14. Frogs Sell Beer: The Effects of Beer Advertisements on Adolescent Drinking Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, Douglas A.; Walsh, David A.; Bloomgren, Barry W., Jr.; Atti, Jule A.; Norman, Jessica A.

    This present research reveals how beer advertising affects adolescents' knowledge of beer brands, drinking attitudes, and drinking behaviors. In addition to traditional psychological approaches for measuring media effects on alcohol-related behaviors and attitudes, market research advertising tracking methods were included to permit a clearer and…

  15. A Study of Steroid Use among Athletes: Knowledge, Attitude and Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chng, Chwee Lye; Moore, Alan

    1990-01-01

    The relationship of knowledge, attitudes, and prevalence of steroid use among college athletes and nonathletes was investigated. Results indicated that the more individuals knew about steroids, the more favorable was their attitude toward use. Powerlifters and bodybuilders were found most likely to use steroids. (JD)

  16. Information sources, donation knowledge, and attitudes toward transplant recipients in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Melissa K; Chambers, Suzanne K

    2014-06-01

    Knowledge is linked consistently with organ donation attitudes, willingness, and consent. Negative information about donation and the recipients of donation can affect public opinion and donation willingness. However, it is unclear which information sources are most important in forming knowledge, particularly in Australia where little prior research exists. To identify information sources that may inform Australians' organ donation knowledge and attitudes toward transplant recipients. 1487 Australian residents aged 18 years or older who completed an online survey. Self-reported knowledge, information sources, and attitudes toward transplant recipients. Participants felt fairly well informed about organ donation, particularly if they registered donation wishes, were female, and were older. More than half reported their driver's license, television news, and discussion with family/friends as donation information sources. However, information sources contributing to knowledge were personal experience, online, hospital, government campaign, discussion with family/friends, Medicare, doctor's surgery, and the newspaper. Differences based on registration status, sex, and age, were found. Discussion with family/friends and movies or television shows, as well as not having seen information in a newspaper or doctor's surgery, contributed to positive attitudes toward recipients, although the variance explained was small. People felt more informed by personal, medical, and government information sources than by mass media. Family discussion was not only a common information source but also contributed significantly and positively to both donation knowledge and attitudes toward recipients. Further exploration of information sources contributing to donation knowledge and community attitudes toward transplant recipients among young men is needed.

  17. The Students\\' Knowledge, Attitude and Performance about Prevention of Using of Ecstasy

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    Mitra Zolfaghari

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In recent decades because of stimulant and hallucinogenic properties of ecstasy, it has been found so many users among adolescent and youth people. The aim of present study was the study of students' knowledge, attitude and performance related to prevention of using of ecstasy. Method: This descriptive – analytic study has done in 400 female students of government schools of zone no. 17. The sample selected by clustering random sampling and their knowledge, attitude, and performance measured by using of researchers developed questionnaire which shown sufficient level of validity and reliability. Results: The results showed that the majority of students (41% had low knowledge, 56% had positive attitude, and 55.1% had good performance related to prevention of using of ecstasy. Also, there was positive relationship between students' knowledge and attitude also attitude and performance. There was also positive relationship between some of the demographic characteristics and the students' knowledge, attitude and performance related to prevention of using of ecstasy. Conclusion: Finding of the research showed that the students' knowledge related to use of ecstasy is low, therefore appropriate instructional intervention in order to promote the students' knowledge is necessary.

  18. Food Allergy Knowledge and Attitudes among School Nurses in an Urban Public School District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twichell, Sarah; Wang, Kathleen; Robinson, Humaira; Acebal, Maria; Sharma, Hemant

    2015-07-21

    Since food allergy knowledge and perceptions may influence prevention and management of school-based reactions, we evaluated them among nurses in an urban school district. All District of Columbia public school nurses were asked to anonymously complete a food allergy knowledge and attitude questionnaire. Knowledge scores were calculated as percentage of correct responses. Attitude responses were tabulated across five-point Likert scales, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The knowledge questionnaire was completed by 87% of eligible nurses and the attitude questionnaire by 83%. The mean total knowledge score was 76 ± 13 with domain score highest for symptom recognition and lowest for treatment. Regarding attitudes, most (94%) felt food allergy is a serious health problem, for which schools should have guidelines (94%). Fewer believed that nut-free schools (82%) and allergen-free tables (44%) should be implemented. Negative perceptions of parents were identified as: parents of food-allergic children are overprotective (55%) and make unreasonable requests of schools (15%). Food allergy knowledge deficits and mixed attitudes exist among this sample of urban school nurses, particularly related to management of reactions and perceptions of parents. Food allergy education of school nurses should be targeted to improve their knowledge and attitudes.

  19. Knowledge and attitude of postgraduate students in Kenya on ethics in mental health research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice Amagune

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available untreated. As effort is made to encourage mental health (MH research as an avenue to optimise the management of mental illness,this should be accompanied by adequate knowledge, correct attitude and practice on ethical conduct of research. This study reports the knowledge and attitude among postgraduate students in Kenya on ethics in MH research. Methods. Consenting students undertaking master’s degree courses (n=40 with interest in carrying out MH research were assessed using adapted standard tools for assessing knowledge and attitude. Primary comparison is made on the level of knowledge and attitude between the different cohorts. Results. Participants undertaking postgraduate degrees in medicine, clinical psychology, pharmacy and nursing were individually scored and collectively found to have a medium (n=32, 79.5% or high (n=8, 20.5% level of knowledge. The general attitude towards most aspects of the consent process and confidentiality was observed to be appropriate. Low knowledge of international ethics guidelines was observed. Conclusion. Gaps in knowledge and attitude on ethics among the participants have been identified, and this may initiate the process of appropriate interventions necessary in maintenance of ethical practices in the management of mental illness.

  20. Nurses' Knowledge and Responsibility toward Nutritional Assessment for Patients in Intensive Care Units

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    Mahmoud Al Kalaldeh

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nutritional assessment is a prerequisite for nutritional delivery. Patients in intensive care suffer from under-nutrition and nutritional failure due to poor assessment. Nursing ability to early detect nutritional failure is the key for minimizing imparities in practice and attaining nutritional goals. Aim of this article is to examine the ability of Jordanian ICU nurses to assess the nutritional status of critically ill patients, considering biophysical and biochemical measures.Methods: This cross sectional study recruited nurses from different health sectors in Jordan. ICU nurses from the governmental sector (two hospitals and private sectors (two hospitals were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Nurses' knowledge and responsibility towards nutritional assessment were examined.Results: A total of 220 nurses from both sectors have completed the questionnaire. Nurses were consistent in regard to knowledge, responsibility, and documentation of nutritional assessment. Nurses in the governmental hospitals inappropriately perceived the application of aspiration reduction measures. However, they scored higher in applying physical examination and anthropometric assessment.  Although both nurses claimed higher use of biochemical measurements, biophysical measurements were less frequently used. Older nurses with longer clinical experience exhibited better adherence to biophysical measurement than younger nurses.Conclusion: Nursing nutritional assessment is still suboptimal to attain nutritional goals. Assessment of body weight, history of nutrition intake, severity of illness, and function of gastrointestinal tract should be considered over measuring albumin a