WorldWideScience

Sample records for noteikumi nozares standarts

  1. Standartization and Terminography of New Construction Terms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zofija Babickienė

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The past ten year period showed the occurance of a great number of new construction terms in the Lithua- nian language. Thus it is necessary to collect and systematize construction terms, terminoids, quasi-terms and standardize them from the point of view of the Standard Lithuanian Language taking into account both logic and terminology requirements. This article deals with modern construction terms from the point of view of the Standard Lithuanian Language including newest data bases saving all actual information on them. The reseach showed that The Dictionary of Construction Terms (2003 ought to be included into The Lithuanian language Term Bank (http://terminai.vlkk.lt. It is necessary to be done for the following reasons. Firstly, because of the creation and standartization as well as sistematization process of new construction terms. Secondly, for the development of continuous scientific discusion and successful professional education. It was established that a certain number of construction terms from the point of view of the Standard Lithuanian Language should be included into new Dictionary of Construction Terms as well as into Term Bank of the Lithuanian Republic. The terms analysed in the article are concerning basement types, pile types, construction joints, also details of walls, roofs, chimneys, construction materials and etc. The analysis showed how different morphological variants and undesirable synonymous terms occur. Finally, the analysis helped to identify that the informal terms mix with formal, standard terms and conclude in incorrect term usage.

  2. PERMODELAN KURVA KARAKTERISTIK INVERSE NON-STANDART PADA RELE ARUS LEBIH DENGAN METODE ADAPTIVE NEURO FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM (ANFIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhankana Ardiana Putra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pada sistem kelistrikan terutama pada sistem proteksi kelistrikan dewasa ini sangat dibutuhkan sistem yang handal, sehingga  perkembangan pada sistem proteksi sudah semakin maju dengan adanya penggunaan rele digital. Rele digital digunakan dengan mempertimbangkan kecepatan, keakuratan dan serta flexible dalam sistem koordinasi. Flexibilitas ini dimaksudkan bahwa rele digital dapat digunakan menjadi rele arus lebih (overcurrent relay sesuai pembahasan tugas akhir ini dan dapat disetting menurut keinginan user sesuai karakteristik kurva OCR konvensional/standart (normal inverse, very inverse, long time inverse, extreme inverse yang akan digunakan dalam koordinasi. Jenis kurva pada rele digital juga dapat disetting diluar rumus kurva konvensional/standart yang seperti sudah disebutkan sebelumnya, kurva diluar rumusan standart disebut kurva rele non-standart. Kurva rele non-standart digunakan untuk memudahkan pengguna untuk menentukan waktu trip berdasarkan arus yang diinginkan dan sebagai solusi jika pada koordinasi proteksi mengalami kendala dalam koordinasi kurva rele. Pada tugas akhir ini akan dibahas bagaimana membuat atau memodelkan kurva karakteristik inverse overcurrent rele non-standart dengan menggunakan metode (Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System atau biasa disebut metode pembelajaran ANFIS. Kurva non-standart didapatkan dengan pengambilan titik-titik data baru berupa arus dan waktu trip sesuai keinginan user. Data baru tersebut akan digabungkan dengan data lama sehingga menghasilkan data non-standart yang nantinya akan dilakukan pembelajaran dengan metode ANFIS untuk mendapatkan desain kurva non-standart. Setelah didapatkan desain kurva non-standart akan dilakukan pengujian keakuratan dengan mengganti nilai MF (membership function didapatkan hasil rata-rata error terkecil 2,56% (MF=10 dan epoch=100. Pengujian selanjutnya dengan mengubah nilai epoch didapatkan nilai keakuratan dengan error terkecil pada epoch = 500. Simulasi pada

  3. Rancang Bangun Document Management System Untuk Mengelola Dokumen Standart Operational Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Putu Susila Handika

    2017-09-01

    Standard Operational Procedure (SOP is one important document in a company because it is useful to improve the quality of the company. PT. Global Retailindo Pratama is one of the companies engaged in retail that using standard of quality management ISO 9001: 2008. Currently the management of SOP documents at PT. Global Retailindo Pratama still use manual way. Manual way cause some problems such as the search process and document distribution process takes quite a long time. This research aims to design and build Document Management System to manage SOP documents. The system development model used in this research is prototyping model. This application is built in web-based with PHP as programming language. Testing the application using Blak Box Testing and Usability Testing shows that the Document Management System can run in accordance with the needs and can be used easily so that the process of document management SOP becomes faster. Keywords: Document Management System, Standart Operational Procedure, Information System, PHP.

  4. Start-up uzņēmuma mārketinga stratēģijas izstrādes īpatnības finanšu tehnoloģiju pakalpojumu nozarē

    OpenAIRE

    Čumakovs, Andrejs

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Start-up uzņēmuma mārketinga stratēģijas izstrādes īpatnības finanšu tehnoloģiju pakalpojumu nozarē”. Maģistra darba mērķis ir Pētījuma mērķis ir izpētīt start-up uzņēmumu attīstības tendences finanšu tehnoloģiju nozarē un izpētīt mārketinga stratēģijas izstrādes prioritāros etapus start-up uzņēmumiem un investoriem šajos uzņēmumos. Darba pirmajā nodaļā autors pēta pakalpojuma kā produkta būtību un īpatnības. Darba otrajā nodaļā autors pēta start-up uzņēmumu būtību...

  5. Classifi c ati on of the Properties According To Turkish Accounti ng Standarts and Accounti ng of Investment Properti es in Scope of Tms - 40

    OpenAIRE

    Erdal Yılmaz

    2013-01-01

    With regard to intended use, property in the hands of business is subject to different standarts. Hand-held properties to get rental income and to acquire capital gain are different from other properties with respect to cash generation and capital gain. The objective of this study is to classify the property according to TMS and demonstrated of accounting of investment properties under the scope of the TMS-40. With this study, we explain TMS-40 and give examples for accounting of inves...

  6. Jevropeiskii standart / Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhigulin, Aleksei

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise konsultatsioonifirma Carl Bro Intelligent Solution peaspetsialist Paul Nielsen külastas firma Christiansen Consulting Tallinna kontorit, et tutvuda Baltimaade konsultatsiooniteenuste turu eripäraga

  7. Classifi c ati on of the Properties According To Turkish Accounti ng Standarts and Accounti ng of Investment Properti es in Scope of Tms - 40

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal Yılmaz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available With regard to intended use, property in the hands of business is subject to different standarts. Hand-held properties to get rental income and to acquire capital gain are different from other properties with respect to cash generation and capital gain. The objective of this study is to classify the property according to TMS and demonstrated of accounting of investment properties under the scope of the TMS-40. With this study, we explain TMS-40 and give examples for accounting of investment property to analyze IAS 40 applications.

  8. Pārdošanas veicināšana kā patērētāju uzvedības un lēmumu pieņemšanas ietekmētājs Latvijas pārtikas mazumtirdzniecības nozarē.

    OpenAIRE

    Afoņičeva, Oksana

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba: “Pārdošanas veicināšana kā patērētāju uzvedības un lēmumu pieņemšanas ietekmētājs Latvijas pārtikas mazumtirdzniecības nozarē” mērķis ir, izvērtējot pārdošanas veicināšanas ietekmi uz patērētāju uzvedību, lēmuma pieņemšanas procesu un uz patērētāju lojalitātes veidošanu, rast priekšlikumus pārdošanas veicināšanas iespējām pārtikas produktu zīmoliem. Darbs sastāv no četrām nodaļām- divām teorētiskajām, analītiskās un empīriskās. Pirmā izvirzītā hipotēze tiek apstiprināta, pama...

  9. Standart Türkçeye Bir Katkı: us+(uk- A Contribution To The Literary Turkish: us+(uk-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İ. Gülsel SEV

    2013-07-01

    ırılmasında görmek mümkündür.Bu çalışmada Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarında ‘uslan-, sus-, sakinleş-’ manasında kullanılan usuk- sözcüğünün işleyişine değinilecektir. Usuk- fiili us ‘akıl’ kökünden +(Ik- isimden fiil yapma ekinin eklenmesiyle oluşmuştur. Us, hem ‘anlamak’ fiili manasındaki ū- ile, hem de ‘muktedir olmak, yapabilmek’ manasındaki u- fiili ile bağlantılıdır.acık-, birik-, gecik-, gözük- örneklerindeki gibi +(Ik- ekli fiiller Standart Türkçede sınırlı sayıdadır. Tarihî ve çağdaş lehçelerde ise bu ekle yapılmış fiiller yaygın bir kullanım alanı bulmuştur.us-(uk- ağızlarda usukmak ve usuhmah biçimlerinde ‘uslanmak; bir suçtan, ��fkeden sonra sessizleşmek, uslu görünmek; ağrısı azalmak, dinmek; şaşkınlıktan susup kalmak, konuşamamak; susmak; uslanmak; yeğnilenmek’ mana çeşitliliğine sahiptir. Çalışmada tarihî lehçelerde kast ettiğimiz manada kullanımına rastlamadığımız usuk- fiilinin ‘uslan-, sus-, sakinleş-’ manalarında Standart Türkçeye kazandırılması ifade edilmektedir. Bunun yanında +(Ik- ekli örneklerin, özellikle tarihî lehçelerdeki örnekleri dikkate alınarak dilimizde yaygınlaşması için bir adım atılması amaçlanmıştır.

  10. Learning Objects 2: standarts, metadatas, repositories, &LCMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Giusti, Laura Cristina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de objetos de aprendizaje ha generado una nueva forma de pensar acerca del contenido de aprendizaje. El contenido deja de ser un medio para la consecución de un objetivo y se convierte en un objeto con entidad propia, susceptible de ser reutilizado. La utilización de objetos de aprendizaje como recurso didáctico requiere nuevos enfoques en el diseño, en la metodología docente y en las estrategias de aprendizaje del alumno.

  11. SYSTEM OF STANDARTIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS ARRANGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleynik Pavel Pavlovich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In the proposed article, management of construction operations is represented as a multi-level system; it is considered with the framework of projects including new construction, restructuring and overhaul of buildings and structures. The system of management of construction operations is to be composed of the following three constituent parts. They include a construction and assembling entity, project and operations, and a procurement base. Such matters as the quality of construction products, purchase (lease of building machinery and vehicles are incorporated into the level of the construction and assembling entity. The project level comprises such components of construction operations management as pre-construction preparation of a project, methods and forms of construction management, preparatory works, management of construction activities, real-time operations control, construction quality control, etc. The level of operations and the procurement base covers the needs for materials and equipment, their purchase and procurement, as well as the warehouse management. The main elements of the standardization system are identified. Standards of construction operations management are explained, including 1. General Provisions; 2. Preparation and performance of construction and assembling works; 3. New construction. Building site organization; 4. Demolition (dismantling of buildings and structures; 5. Rules of preparation for acceptance and commissioning of completed residential buildings. The prospects for the further development of the system of standardization of construction operations management are outlined

  12. Ege bölgesi standart süreli yıllık maksimum yağışları için en uygun dağılımlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil Karahan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Su kaynaklarının temel girdisi olan yağışların; miktarı, süresi, şiddeti, alansal ve zamansal değişimi v.b. özelliklerinin bilinmesi; su kaynakları, tarım, kentleşme, drenaj, taşkın kontrolü ve ulaşım gibi farklı sektörlere ait planlama, tasarım, inşaat ve işletme çalışmaları için gereklidir. Belirtilen faaliyetlerin gerçekleştirilebilmesi için; mevcut gözlemlere dayalı, güvenilir ve gerçekçi tahminlerin yapılması gerekir. Güvenilir tahmin yapabilmenin ilk aşaması ise mevcut gözlemlerin güvenirliğinin test edilmesidir. Bu çalışmada; DMİ Genel Müdürlüğü tarafından işletilen Ege Bölgesi il ve ilçe merkezlerinde yer alan meteoroloji istasyonlarında (1929-2005 yıllarında ölçülen standart süreli maksimum yağış değerlerinin hangi dağılıma uyduklarını belirlemek için; Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Anderson-Darling ve Ki-Kare dağılım uygunluk testleri uygulanmıştır. Anderson-Darling testine göre gözlemlerin tümüne yakını GEV dağılımına uyum gösterirken, Kolmogorov-Smirnov ve Ki-Kare testlerine göre kısa, orta ve uzun süreli yağış gözlemleri için genellikle GEV, Gamma ve Log-Normal dağılımın uygun olduğu görülmüştür. Seçilen olasılık dağılımının parametrelerini belirlemek için farklı dağılımlara göre maksimum olabilirlik (LN2, LN3, EXP2, Gamma3, olasılık-ağırlıklı momentler (LP3,Gamma2, L-momentler (GEV ve en küçük kareler (Weibull2 yöntemleri kullanılmıştır.

  13. ANTENATAL CARE SERVICES STANDART COMPLIANCE OF VILLAGE MIDWIFE IN EAST JAVA PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwaningsih Purwaningsih

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The high Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR require attention to implementing improvement programs and improving maternal health. According to data from East Java Health Offi ce AKI during 2009 were 260/100,000 live births. Indicators of maternal monitoring imple can be seen from figure K1 coverage (visit pregnant women in the first pregnancy and K4 (contact at least 4 times during pregnancy for antenatal care. Methods: This study was conducted with the observational design of the “cross-sectional”, is a study to learn the dynamics of the correlation between risk factors with effects, with the approach, observation or data collection at once at some point (time point approach. Result: Variable associated with compliance standards of village midwives in implementing the ANC in the province of East Java is the level of knowledge (p = 0.014 and the infrastructure required to ANC (p = 0.000. Other variables did not show a significant relationship such as: age (p = 0.121, status (p = 0.831, period of employment (p = 0.147, education (p = 0.153, training (p = 0.664, motivation (p = 0.525, supervision (p = 0.887, and rewards (p = 0.663. Discussion: District Health Office/City should do a refresher on antenatal care in midwife needs to be done, since there are those who have a suffi cient level of knowledge and less. Facilities and infrastructure that support the implementation of Antenatal Care (ANC should be facilitated effectively, to support midwives performance in implementing standards of care Antenatal Care.

  14. Spectrometric storage device in VME standard; Spektrometricheskoe zapominayushchee ustrojstvo v standarte VME

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rezaev, V E

    1996-12-31

    Paper describes module of histogram Memory Module designed to implement hardware way of accumulation of spectrometric data in systems based on VME standard equipment. Application of HMM module enables to increase throughput of the system for data acquisition and processing as in this case VME bus trunk is not occupied and may be used to control experiment course. 2 figs.

  15. Some peculiarities of accounting of government grants in context IFRS and National Standarts Republic Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Tsurcanu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The process of preparation of fair presentation of Financial Statements establishments on the basis of economic approach was possible due to the evolution of methodology of accounting. Implementation of legal technique allows to account the conditions of receiving of contract as special and so exceptional according to the economic content of events. In the context of fair presentation the necessary issue is the concept of substance over form. One of such specifically contracts which determines the particular character of accounting is the contract of government grants obtaining. The authors examine some problems of discussion of government grants accounting: effectiveness of the concept of substance over form; mechanism of presentation of government grants in the context of international and national aspects; accounting of government grants related to assets over prism of tax legislation. The basis for the formulation of the notion of government grants is the economic essence, a legal form is the proof that the transaction is legitimate. However, the economic essence is in contradiction with the form in the financial reporting when presenting information about government grants. In the context of fair presentation, it must be neutralized. For this purpose, the authors have conducted the research of effectiveness of the concept of substance over form related to the government grants. 146 The article has conducted the comparison of key issues of International Standards with National Standards of Republic Moldova. In result of the comparison the appropriate mechanism of accounting is correct according to the methodology of their application. The article also arguments that government grants is deferred income in accordance with their economic characteristics; and the elements of Financial Statements should be recognized as a liability; in accordance with the conception fair value should be measured. In relationship with the effectiveness of the concept of substance over form and the application of mechanism of accounting the authors have implemented a new accounting scheme for asset-related grants. The basis of the new accounting scheme is the reclassification of liability that relates not only to the methodology of accounting, but also to the requirement of the tax legislation. According to the authors the purpose of this work reflects the current thinking on the accounting of assetrelated grants in the context of methodology of International Financial Reporting Standards in the part of economic interpretation.

  16. ISO 55001 STANDART IN ASSET MANAGEMENT AND THE ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsa COŞKUN

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Asset management is an area of reseach which isimportant for any business that desires to obtain value from assets, and it has become an international standard with the ISO 55000 Asset Management Standard Series published in 2014. With the developing technology, assets reached high material values and resulted in significant investments for businesses. Therefore using assets effectively during their lifecycles has become a necessity for sustainable businesses. In this study, importance of asset management standards and the role of information technologies in managing related processes have been discussed in detail by conducting a comprehensive literature review. Considering that the ISO 55000 standard series are still very recent and there are limited number of companies with certification in Turkey, the study contributes to asset management literature bu simultaneously handling both the systems and information technology perspectives.

  17. Development of a Basic Professional Educational Programs for Teacher Training according to Teacher Professional Standart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhtarieva R.F.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A teaching position involves professional activities in keeping with professional standards, as well as competences and knowledge necessary for it. Development of a basic professional educational program improves teacher training to make it more practice-oriented, so the ability of the future teacher to act according to the professional standard becomes basic educational result. The article describes the features of our basic professional educational program for teaching training, developed according to professional standards and peculiarities of professional activity. The basic professional program consists of modules developed in the light of idea of “eventness” when Incoming or Outcoming Event means the level of ability to professional performance.

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF THE METHODS OF STANDARTIZATION DRY EXTRACT AND MEDICAL DRUGS GINKGO BILOBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Marchenko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents new approaches to standardization of dry extract and medicinal preparations (MD of ginkgo bilobate. Methods for the spectrophotometric determination of flavonoids, terpenolactones and ginkgoic acids in the active pharmaceutical substance “Ginkgo biloba dry extract “ (further in the text “ginkgo extract”, as well as methods for analysis of MD “GINKGO, tablets coated with 40 mg” (“GINKGO”, Tablets and “GINKGO, solution for enteral use, 40 mg/ml “(“GINKGO, solution”. The aim – development and validation of methods for standardization of plant-derived APS – ginkgo extract, as well as MD based on it. Materials and methods. The samples of the APS “Ginkgo biloba dry extract “, MD “GINKGO, tablets” and “GINKGO, solution”, produced by CJSC “VIFITEH” (Russia served as the objects of the study. Research methods: spectrophotometry (further in the text “SF-metry” and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. Used equipment: SF-56 spectrophotometer manufactured by LLC “LOMO-SPECTR” (Russia and liquid chromatograph of the brand Shimadzu Prominence LC-20AD (Japan with software control and computer processing of analysis results. Results and discussion. The use of the method of SF-metry optimizes the analysis process not only during the standardization of the finished product, but also at all stages of industrial production of MD within the framework of interoperational control. The content of the sum of flavonoids in the samples of two series of ginkgo extract in terms of rutine was determined by direct SF-metry – (29.64 ± 0.36% and (28.88 ± 0.54%; method of differential SF-metry – (21.78 ± 0.41 and (20.98 ± 0.24%. The content of the amount of flavonoids in the preparations “GINKGO, tablets” and “GINKGO, solution” was: by direct SF-metry – (9.84 ± 0.15 mg/tab. and (10.07 ± 0.10 mg/ml; Method of differential SF-metry – (7.33 ± 1.13 mg/tab. and (8.30 ± 0.13 mg/ml, respectively. The analogues “MEMOPLANT” (“Dr. Willimar Schwabe GmbH & Co. KG” and “TANAKAN®” (“Beaufour Ipsen Industrie” were analyzed – the results obtained are comparable. Methods for quantitative determination of the amount of terpenolactones in the APS by the method of differential SF-metry and the residual content of the sum of ginkgoic acids by the direct SF-metry method are developed. During their approbation it was found that the amount of ginkgolactones in the samples studied is 7.87 ± 0.17% and 8.03 ± 0.22%, calculated as bilobalide, and the residual content of ginkgoic acid does not exceed 10 ppm. The expediency and effectiveness of using the HPLC method for simultaneous determination of the authenticity and evaluation of the benign nature of the substance and MD ginkgo was confirmed. Conclusion. The methods of the SF metric quantification of the amount of funds have been developed. The developed methods meet the validation tests, are characterized by accuracy and reproducibility in combination with simplicity of execution and are tested in the conditions of pharmaceutical production.

  19. Jaunā komunikācijas pieeja klientu attiecību pārvaldībai viesnīcu nozarē

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Marianne Heiden

    2014-01-01

    ANOTĀCIJA “Visas uzņēmējdarbības pamatā ir attiecības. Uzņēmumam tikai tās saviem klientiem jāpadara uztveramas un jēgpilnas - ar nosacījumu, ka klienti to vēlas” (Grönroos 2007, 24 lpp.). Uzņēmuma spēja palielināt apgrozījumu, izmantojot efektīvu vadību attiecībās ar klientiem ir ļoti svarīga, lai pārvarētu ekonomisko nenoteiktību visā pasaulē. Jaunās digitālo mediju īpašības kopā ar milzīgu alternatīvo paņēmienu klāstu saziņai ar klientiem ir radījušas vadītājiem un akadēmiķiem gan iespē...

  20. Perancangan alat kendali kebisingan aktif pada knalpot standart sepeda motor Supra X 125D dan mengidentifikasi reduksi suara yang terjadi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ridwan Nasution

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang sebuah alat kendali kebisingan aktif yang berfungsi untuk mereduksi kebisingan padaknalpot. Metode yang digunakan adalah dengan mempertemukan frekuensi antara sumber noise dan anti noise yang memilikiamplitude yang sama, namun fasanya berbeda 1800. Akibatnya kedua sumber suara ini akan saling melemahkan. Implementasipenelitian ini menggunakan tabung pipa PVC berbentuk Y yang berfungsi untuk memfokuskan suara. Dan sebagai mediapercobaanya akan dipasangkan pada knalpot sepeda motor supra X 125D. Amplifier berdaya 30 watt DC 12V digunakansebagai terminal pemrosesan data sinyal dan penguat suara untuk pembangkit noise. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengolahsinyal knalpot adalah dengan teknik rekam menggunakan ISD 4004. Untuk memperoleh pergeseran fasa 1800 penulismenggunakan ICL 7660 dan TL 072 CP, resistor sebesar 3? dan kapasitor untuk menstabilkan arus. Pengujian alat dilakukandengan cara merekam suara knalpot lalu hasil rekaman akan dilawan dengan sinyal knalpot itu juga yang amplitudonya sama.Mengukur reduksi yang terjadi menggunakan alat sound presseure level. Hasil pengujian dengan variasi putaran mesin 1000dan 2000 rpm memperlihatkan hasil peredaman optimal sebesar 4 dB.Kata kunci: Kendali kebisingan aktif, tabung pipa PVC, pembangkit sinyal, pembalik fasa, knalpot Abstract: Active Noise Control is a technique to overcome noise through noise versus noise method. This trchnique is intended to reducethe noise as minimal as possible and, moreover, it can eliminate the noise if signal reduction can be perfectly done. The signalprocessing is by making signal amplitude and opponent signal frequency (anti signal turn the phase around 1800 of the signalsource to produce a signal reduction. This noise reduction is processed by means of signal processing method. In this designresearchers used a noise signal generator and phase shifteras as opposed to anti noise or signal. This anti noise will produceanti signal by reversing the signal phase 1800 that functions to counter the sound source that is silencer. In this research,designed tool of active noise control and testing directly on a standard motorcycle exhaust Supra X 125 D that identify thepresence of noise reduction that occurs is highest in the X and Z axis measurement point that is 21 db. Eliminating the possibilitythat the sound is difficult, even impossible. Therefore this research one way with an active approach to the aktif noise control toget noise reduction with a view to getting the sound comfort of the many forms of sound variations.Keywords: Active noise control, PVC pipe tubes, signal generator, inverting phase, exhaust

  1. Angoff, Yes/No ve Ebel Standart Belirleme Yöntemlerinin Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceylan GÜNDEĞER

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, experts’ decisions and cut-off scores obtained from Angoff, Yes/No and Ebel standard setting methods have been compared. The research data consist of 489 student scores obtained from a achievement test of 20 items and 17 experts’ decisions, made according to three different standard setting methods for this achievement test. In the analysis of data, in order to set the compliance between experts, Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (W for Angoff and Ebel methods, and Cohen’s Kappa statistics for Yes/No method have been calculated. Differences between the percentages of students, considered as successful according to three different standard setting methods, have been tested with the test of the difference between two correlated proportions. The students’ scores have been tailored to binary as successful-unsuccessful according to three methods; and the compliance between them has been examined with Cohen’s Kappa statistics. The compliance between the cutoff scores of three methods has been evaluated with Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient and the paired samples t test. At the end of this research, it is seen that the compliance of experts in the methods is at a reasonable level; there is significant difference on 0,01 error level among percentages of students considered as successful according to these three different standard setting methods and there is a compliance between students’ scores that have been tailored to binary as successful-unsuccessful according to three methods. It is concluded that there is a high relationship between Angoff and Yes/No methods; there is moderate relationship between Angoff and Ebel methods; there is no significant relationship between Yes/No and Ebel methods.

  2. Standart üçlü tedavi ile eradikasyon sağlanamayan Helicobacter pylori enfeksiyonunda lansoprazol, ranitidin bizmut sitrat, tetrasiklin ve metronidazolden oluşan dörtlü tedavinin etkinliği

    OpenAIRE

    AYDEMİR, Selim; BAYRAKTAROĞLU, Taner; ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Yücel; BORAZAN, Ali; SEKİTMEZ, Nedret; AKTUNÇ, Erol; NUMANOĞLU, Gamze

    2015-01-01

    Background/aim: Successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection after failure of standard triple therapy is difficult. There are no guidelines on second-line therapies for H. pylori eradication failures. In the present study we investigated the efficacy of a 14-day quadruple regimen combining lansoprazole, ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC), tetracycline and metronidazole as rescue treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection after failure of standard triple therapy com...

  3. Data readout system on the base of CAMAC time-to-digital converters with time resolution 2 ns for a drift chamber; Sistema s{sup e}ma informatsii s drejfovykh kamer na osnove vremyatsmfrovykh preobrazovatelej s 2 ns razresheniem v standarte KAMAK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sidorkin, V V

    1996-12-31

    Data readout system for drift chambers consists of time-to-digital converter (TDS), timer-generator (TG) and sub controller. Maximal time of conversion constitutes 12.5 m ks. Block-circuits of TDC and TG are presented and their functioning under calibration and measuring is studied as well. 4 refs.

  4. Fintech pakalpojumi Latvijas tirgū

    OpenAIRE

    Kims, Aleksejs

    2017-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir saistīta ar Latvijas fintech nozares izpēti. Autors uzskata, ka viņa izvēlētā maģistra darba tēma ir aktuāla mūsdienu, straujas ekonomikas un inovāciju kontekstā. Pieaugošā interese ne tikai par fintech pakalpojumu nozari, bet vispār par visu veidu tehnoloģiskām inovācijām, no valsts puses ir saistīta ar valdības tieksmi paaugstināt valsts izaugsmes tempus ar zināšanu ekonomikas palīdzību. Fintech industrija Latvijā ir pietiekami jauna nozare, kura sevī apvieno ne tik...

  5. Analisis Pengaruh Kualitas Layanan Jasa Pada PT. Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero) Cabang Samarinda

    OpenAIRE

    Novia, Puput Rema

    2012-01-01

    Cooperative Samarinda civil town hall is one of the social enterprices. These cooperative engaged in saving and loans and services in the financial statetment of the cooperative must be in accordance with the statetment of financial accounting standart No.27 as for the purpose of writing this report to know the difference calculation of net income of cooperative civil courthouse with a statement of financial accounting standart No.27 of 2009 on financial accounting.

  6. Criminal aspects of domestic violence

    OpenAIRE

    Váňová, Radka

    2013-01-01

    Criminal aspects of domestic violence SUMMARY Domestic violence is a serious social concern with high level of latency. The domestic violence victims protection is ensured by legal standarts of Civil, Administrative and Criminal Law and other legal standarts. Criminal Law is one of the important instruments for tackling of serious forms of domestic violence. However Criminal Law is an instrument "ultima ratio" which needs claiming of subsidiarity principal of the crime repression. The purpose...

  7. Phenomenology of CP violation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ecker, G.

    1987-01-01

    A short survey of the theoretical status of CP violation is presented. The Standart Model is confronted with the present experimental situation. Possible future tests of our notions of CP violation are discussed, concentrating on rare K decays. Other promising reactions such as B decays are briefly reviewed. Among alternative models of CP violation, multi-Higgs extensions of the Standart Model, left-right symmetric gauge theories and minimal SUSY models are discussed. Finally, the relevance of generalized CP invariance is emphasized. 64 refs., 7 figs. (Author)

  8. Elektroniskās un mobilās komercijas attīstības tendences un to ietekme uzņēmuma darbībā

    OpenAIRE

    Krūze, Antra

    2009-01-01

    Šī maģistra darba mērķis - izpētīt esošo situāciju un izvērtēt potenciālu elektroniskajā un mobilajā komercijā, sniegt priekšlikumus nozares speciālistiem mārketinga aktivitāšu plānošanā. Temata izvēles pamatā ir pieņēmums, ka Latvijas uzņēmēju un nozares speciālistu zināšanas par e-komercijas un m-komercijas iespējām un potenciālu ir nepietiekamas, kas radies analizējot masu mediju, reklāmas un mārketinga ekspertu viedokļus dažādās intervijās vai aģentūru publikācijās. Maģistra darbā ir ...

  9. SIA „AUTO ATVARS” darbība Latvijas autotirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Spila, Andis

    2007-01-01

    Pēdējo gadu laikā auto tirdzniecība ir viena no progresējošākajām nozarēm Latvijas tautsaimniecībā. Attīstoties jaunu automašīnu tirdzniecībai Latvijā attīstās arī citas vispārējai Latvijas attīstībai svarīgas nozares, tādas kā apdrošināšana, kreditēšana, būvniecība u.c. Pašreiz Latvijā piedāvājumā pārstāvētas praktiski visas pasaulē populārākās automašīnu markas, atsevišķas markas tirgo pat divas un vairāk kompānijas. Iespējams, jau pēc dažiem gadiem būs vēl vairāk jaunu auto ti...

  10. Sabiedriskās ēdināšanas uzņēmuma konkurētspējas analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Beinaroviča, Kristīne

    2011-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs „Sabiedriskās ēdināšanas uzņēmuma konkurētspējas analīze”. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt SIA „G & K” restorāna „Zilā govs” konkurētspēju un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tās uzlabošanai. Bakalaura darba pirmajā nodaļā pētīti konkurences un konkurētspējas teorētiskie aspekti, otrajā nodaļā raksturota nozare, kurā uzņēmums darbojas, valsts ekonomiskās lejupslīdes kontekstā, veikta nozares vides analīze, izmantojot M.E.Portera 5 spēku modeli. Trešajā nodaļā raksturota uzņēmuma vēsturiskā ...

  11. Bioētikas krimināltiesiskie aspekti

    OpenAIRE

    Lisovskis, Jānis

    2011-01-01

    Šis darbs ir veltīts nozīmīgu bioētikas jautājumu aplūkošanai saistība ar krimināltiesībām, precīzāk, ģenētiskās inženierijas saistību ar Krimināllikumu. Straujā attīstība tādās zinātnes nozarēs kā nanotehnoloģijas, ģenētiskā inženierija, manipulācijas ar audiem un cilmes šūnām, kā arī citās ar šīm saistītās biomedicīnas nozarēs rada jaunu problēmu riskus, proti, robežu noteikšana, cik tālu zinātne var sniegties. Lai gan modernajiem atklājumiem medicīnā ir ļoti liels potenciāls uzlabo...

  12. Zīmola nozīme patērētāju lēmuma pieņemšanā mēbeļu mazumtirdzniecībā.

    OpenAIRE

    Pētersons, Miks

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba temats ir „Zīmola nozīme patērētāju lēmuma pieņemšanā mēbeļu mazumtirdzniecībā”. Darba mērķis ir teorētiski analizēt un praktiski noskaidrot zīmola nozīmi patērētāja lēmuma pieņemšanā par mēbeļu iegādi. Temats ir aktuāls un darbā apkopotie rezultāti var būt saistoši Latvijas mēbeļu nozares dalībniekiem. 1. nodaļā autors izvērtē patērētāju uzvedību noteicošos faktorus, kā arī zīmola nozīme lēmuma pieņemšanā. 2. nodaļā analizēta mēbeļu ražošanas nozare Latvijā, veikta uzņēm...

  13. Siim Nestor soovitab : Turbodisko. Camouflage / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Üritusest "Turbodisko" 2. dets. Tallinnas KuKu klubis, indieansambli Bad Apples heliplaadi "When Colours Become Day and Night" (plaadifirmalt Seksound) esitluskontserdist. Saksamaa futuelektroonika ansambli Camouflage albumi "Relocated" esitluskontserdist 3. dets klubis Hollywood (kontserti soojendab läti ansambel STandArt)

  14. PREPARATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM SILK COTTON WOOD AND COCONUT SHELL BY PYROLISIS WITH CERAMIC FURNACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winarto Haryadi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Preparation of activated carbon from silk cotton wood and coconut shell has been done. Carbon was made by pyrolysis process in the Muchalal furnace with 3000 watt electric power. The electric power was increased gradually from 1000, 2000 and then 3000 watt with interval 2 hours during 7 hours. Carbon was activated in Muchalal furnace with 4000 watt electric power during 2 hours and flowed with nitrogen gas. Product of the activated carbon was compared to standart product with several analysis including the surface area, acetic acid adsorption, iod adsorption and vapour adsorption. The results of analysis showed that surface area for silk cotton wood carbon, coconut shell carbon, and E.Merck product were 288.8072 m2/g, 222.9387 m2/g and 610.5543 m2/g, respectively. Acetic acid adsorption for silk cotton wood carbon, coconut shell carbon, and standart product were 157.391 mg/g, 132.791 mg/g, and 186.911 mg/g, respectively. Iodine adsorption for cotton wood carbon, coconut shell carbon, and standart product were 251.685 mg/g, 207.270 mg/g and 310.905 mg/g, respectively. Vapour adsorption for cotton wood carbon, coconut shell carbon and standart product were 12%, 4%,and 14%., respectively Key words : Activated carbon, pyrolysis, Muchalal furnace

  15. The production of labelled gammaglobulin for the detection of chlamydia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Popov, G.; Dimitrova, Zl.; Martinov, Sv.

    1981-01-01

    It was concluded that the main condition for the production of high titer labelled gammaglobulins was to obtain purified and concentrated Chlamydial antigens and use these with an adjuvant. To indicate Chlamydia in testing the conjugates it is essential to prepare standart test lamellas infected at high multiplicity of purified and concentrated Chlamydia. (authors)

  16. Utilization of basic directives radioprotection norm in industrial radiography services CNEN-3.01

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dagnino, R.

    1989-01-01

    The characteristics of the introduction of the standart CNEN - 3.01 - Diretrizes Basicas de Radioprotecao in industrial radiography field, mainly referred to service companies are presented. Some suggestions are proposed in order that the accomplishment of these principles does not stop the works which use this inspection technique. (author)

  17. BTA Insurance Company SE darbības pilnveidošana tirgus daļas palielināšanā Baltijā un Eiropā

    OpenAIRE

    Radvila, Līga

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darbā “Apdrošināšanas tirgus segmentēšana - ieiešana Polijā” ir izpētīta Polijas apdrošināšanas tirgus nozare, Latvijas apdrošināšanas vieta pasaules, Eiropas un Baltijas valstīs. “BTA Insurance Company” SE finanšu rādītāji un tirgus segmentācija. Par pētījuma objektu izvēlēta apdrošināšanas akciju sabiedrība “BTA Insurance Company” SE, kura darbojas Latvijā kopš 1993.gada 1.novembra, bet no 2011. gada marta ir reģistrēta Eiropas komercsabiedrības reģistrā. Maģistra darba izstr...

  18. Latvijas uzņēmumu mārketinga aktivitātes interneta vidē.

    OpenAIRE

    Zujevs, Armands

    2015-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Latvijas uzņēmumu mārketinga aktivitātes interneta vidē.” Darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorijā sniegtajām atziņām par interneta mārketingu, kā arī uz interneta lietotāju aptaujas rezultātiem un ekspertu viedokli, novērtēt Latvijas uzņēmumu mārketinga aktivitātes interneta vidē un izstrādāt priekšlikumus to pilnveidošanai. Darba izstrādē ir veikta literatūras analīze, patērētāju anketēšana un nozares ekspertu intervijas. Lai izprastu interneta mārketinga darbība...

  19. Aizsardzības izdevumu iespējas aizsardzības industrijas, pētniecības un ekonomikas izaugsmes veicināšanā.

    OpenAIRE

    Zaltāns, Jānis

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba Aizsardzības izdevumu iespējas aizsardzības industrijas, pētniecības un ekonomikas izaugsmes veicināšanā autors Jānis Zaltāns ir izvirzījis mērķi izpētīt un noskaidrot faktorus, kas ietekmē Valsts atbalsta iespējas aizsardzības industrijas un pētniecības nozares esošai un turpmākai attīstībai. Darbā ir padziļināti analizēti Lielbritānijas, Francijas un Igaunijas piemēri, kā arī veikta padziļināta situāciju analīze par Latvijas valsts aizsardzības atbalstu, efektivitāti un tā i...

  20. USAHA PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS DENGAN PRODUCTIVITY EVALUATION TREE (PET MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchlison Anis

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Usaha peningkatan produktivitas merupakan suatu langkah menuju perbaikan perusahaan dimasa yang akan datang. Model perencanaan produktivitas Productivity Evaluation Tree (PET memberikan kemudahan bagi perusahaan dalam mengembangkan dan menilai seluruh alternatif yang mungkin dilakukan dalam menetapkan target peningkatan produktivitas dan usaha peningkatan produktivitas. Dalam penelitian ini alternatif perencanaan ada tiga. Pertama, meningkatkan standart penggunaan bahan baku dari 20% menjadi 30%. Kedua, pengeluaran bahan baku diusulkan sama dengan bulan lalu dengan menerapkan peningkatan standart penggunaan bahan baku sama seperti dengan alternatif pertama, Ketiga, menstimulasi alternatif 2 dengan melakukan manajemen motivasi terhadap tenaga kerja. Dari hasil evaluasi pohon produktivitas maka dapat diketahui estimasi peningkatan produktivitas yang tertinggi adalah alternatif ke tiga dengan perubahan tingkat produktivitas sebesar 0,39.

  1. Radiography using photographic paper

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gromov, Yu.V.; Kapustin, V.I.; Volkova, T.G.

    1982-01-01

    The possibility of radiographic control with application of ''Fototelegrafnaya BS'' photographic paper in conjunction with the ''Standart'' image intensifier as an X-ray image converter is studied. Investigations were made using steel samples 5 to 45 mm thick, X-ray radiation energy varied from 80 to 240 keV. Specifications of the image intensifier of the ''Standart type and photographic paper are given. It is shown, that the photographic paper improves the sensitivity of the method to the detection of small defects. The method provides standard and panoramic radioscopy, conservation of objective documentation, enables one to mechanize and automatize the process of photodevelopment. The application of the photographic paper is beneficial, its cost being six times as low as that of X-ray film

  2. КОНТРОЛЬ ЯКОСТІ ПОСЛУГ, ЯКІ МОЖУТЬ НАДАВАТИ АУДИТОРСЬКІ ФІРМИ

    OpenAIRE

    Левицька, Світлана Олексіївна

    2016-01-01

    The article researches the methodological and practical approaches for quality control services that an audit firm can provide; it also explores the basic normative documents that regulate detailed testing of quality assurance. The measures and documentary support to ensure effectiveness of the quality assurance organization of audit firms’ services are proposed. The list of issues for corporate Standart of audit services’ quality assurance is identified. The examples of internal documents fo...

  3. Octonionic interpretation of the multiquark states in the dual string picture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zenczykowski, P.

    1979-01-01

    Assuming the octonionic quark fields the multiquark string-like states-recently advocated in the dual unitarisation programme-are obtained. An explanation of the n-jet structure in hadron production processes follows naturally from the underlying algebra of octonions. The difference between the schemes of Low-Nussinov and Veneziano can be understood as the difference between standart QCD which allows colour multiplets of higher dimensionality and the octonion algebra where only triplet and antitriplet states are possible. (author)

  4. On The Fekete-Szegö Problem for Generalized Class Mα,γ(β Defined By Differential Operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fethiye Müge SAKAR

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study the classical Fekete-Szegö problem was investigated. Given f(z=z+a2z2+a3z3+...  to be an analytic standartly normalized function in the open unit disk U={z ∈ C : |z|<1}. For |a3-μa22|, a sharp maximum value is provided through the classes of S*α,γ(β order β and type α under the condition of μ≥1.

  5. Penentuan Persentase Kehilangan Minyak(Losses) CPO Yang Terdapat Pada Tandan KosongDi PTP. Nusantara IV (Persero) Unit Kebun Pabatu Tebing Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Anrul Yusuf

    2015-01-01

    The empty bunches of palm which used for crude palm oil processing stil contains some oil because of palm stacking in Auto Feeder also the speed of Threser rotation.The oil losses analyzed by soclet extraction method.The persentage of palm oil losses in empty bunches are contained 2,30 – 2,34 %. Howover the losses persentage of palm oil according to analyst result, not exceed the norma standart 3,00 %. 112401002

  6. Program package for data preparation of RISK events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denes, E.; Wagner, I.; Nagy, J.

    1980-01-01

    A FORTRAN program package written for the CDC-6500 computer is presented. The SMHV program is designed to transform data obtained from events of RISK streamer chamber by means of measuring SAMET or PUOS devices to the HEVAS data tormat format needed by the geometrical reconstruction program. Such a transformation provides the standartization of measurement data procession inside the RISK collaboration and capability of the direct input into program of event geometrical reconstruction registered on a film of RISK streamer chamber

  7. Kepentingan Indonesia Bergabung dengan Irena (International Renewable Energy Agency) Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Harto, Syafri; ", Zulfadli

    2016-01-01

    This research will explain about Indonesia interest joined with IRENA ( International Renewable Energy Agency). Nowadays energy condition is so far from standart of energy endurance. Indonesia energy needs still dominated by fossil energy. In 2013, Fossil Energy produces 93,4% of energy consumtion, 5,7% by renewable energy. 7% oil, 20,1% gas, 24,5% from coal. With Indonesia energy endurance and global market that affected domestic energy condition, Indonesia need to comply the national intere...

  8. Nootropika a molekulární mechanismy jejich působení

    OpenAIRE

    Staněk, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Nootropics have become the standart in the field of treating memory impairments and decline of cognition which are still more frequent problem when we consider aging of population in the western world. To better understand the capabilities and dangers of these drugs, it is necessary to widen our knowledge of the mechanism of their action. In this thesis I focus on the nootropics with the widespread use across the world (nicotine, caffeine) and on the drugs with long clinical prescription hist...

  9. KOMPETENSI KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM PELAKSANAAN DELAPAN STANDAR NASIONAL PENDIDIKAN (SNP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASMENDRI ASMENDRI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The successful implementation on the Eight of Indonesia Nasional Education Standarts at madrasah is determinated by madrasah principal performance. The evaluation of madrasah principal performance need considerate to competencies of a madrasah principal. There are the five competencies of madrasah principal according to Number 13 of 2007 Permendikbud that had by madrasah principal, namely personality competency, managerial, entrepreneurship, supervision, and social.  Kata kunci: Kompetensi kepala madrasah, Standar nasional pendidikan, akreditasi madrasah

  10. The use of Jackson-Pratt silicone flat drains as prolonged pleural catheters for the management of pleural effusions

    OpenAIRE

    Demirhan, Ozkan; Kasapoglu, Tugce; Ece, Ferah; Toker, Alper

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Imbalance between secretion and absorbtion of pleural fluid results in pleural effusion. Emergence of pleural effusion ipsilateral or contralateral to the side drained previously is named recurrent effusion. There is currently no standart approach for the management of recurrent pleural effusions. Materials and methods: Eighteen patients, treated between 2011 and 2012 for recurrent pleural effusions due to various etiologies, not considered for surgical or other treatments, ...

  11. Penentuan Bilangan Asam Dan Bilangan Penyabunan Pada Asam Laurat Hasil Hidrolisis Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) Di PT Socimas Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Tobing, Windy.T.

    2012-01-01

    Has been performed analysis in which the specified number of acid value and saponification value in lauric acid from hydrolysis process of palm kernel oil in PT.Socimas. Analysis of the results obtained acid value 269,9 and saponification value 270,8. Thus the acid value and saponification value correspond to the standart value 269-275 for acid value, and 270-276 for saponification value in PT. Socimas. 092401017

  12. Penentuan Jumlah NaOH yang Dibutuhkan pada Unit Gliserin Destilasi dan Pemutihan dengan Parameter Bilangan Penyabunan

    OpenAIRE

    Damanik, Maria E.P

    2015-01-01

    Ecogreen Oleochemicals Co., is one of oleochemical industry manufacturing raw material of palm oil to be fatty acid, glycerine and alcohol. Before processing, characteristic treatment is necessary to do earlier is saponification value. Determination of saponification value can do by using titration method. Given the large number of NaOH, the low number of high influence saponification value. This data according to standart methode of Ecogreen Oleochemicals Co. 102401060

  13. Hubungan Kepuasan Kerja dengan Prestasi Kerja Perawat di Instalasi Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Islam Klaten

    OpenAIRE

    Hartati, Sri; Handayani, Lina; Solikhah,

    2011-01-01

    Background: Standart evaluation and quality control exlpain that nursery services guarantee a high quality of nursing by involving themselves into quality control in the hospital. Job satisfaction must be created goodly, in order to job morality, disciplined, dedication and job performance can be increased. The employee can work produce or not was depent on motivation, job satisfaction, the level of stress, phisicly condition of job, salary, project of work, aspeck of economy and technics. Th...

  14. Citra Perempuan Dalam Sampul Majalah Popular Pada No.310 Edisi November 2013

    OpenAIRE

    ", Suyanto; Amanda, Yohanna

    2015-01-01

    Women in the adult magazine, including popular magazine, held as an object sexual enjoyment. Sex approach appeall Each edition magazine describes as though they were women who want to sale of products Popular magazine. Various services that too much is revealed by the ends it is clear that attract the buyers. Image who describe will branding in their value of embraced of target market. it influence tobe gradation between hope and the reality and impacting to higest standart value of beauty ad...

  15. Analisis Pengukuran Waktu Kerja Karyawan Bengkel Toyota Auto 2000 di Balikpapan

    OpenAIRE

    -, Agus -

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to determine the specific labor standard time engine oil replacement vehicle machine Toyota Auto 2000 MT. Balikpapan Haryono used standard working time. Based on interviews with employees of Auto 2000 Toyota workshop. MT. Haryono completed replacement of engine oil required an average completion time of 1 hour of receipt to the consumer.The problem of this study is the labor time required to complete the work car oil changes are in accordance with the standart time in the wor...

  16. Methods for sorting out the defects according to size in automated ultrasonic testing of large-diameter thin-walled tubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Golovkin, A.M.; Matveev, A.S

    1977-01-01

    Two methods have been considered of identifying defects according to their size in the course of an automated ultrasonic testing, namely, according to the echo-signal amplitude, and according to the conventional depth of a defect. The peculiar features of the second method are analyzed, and its equivalence to the first one is proved. For the purpose of identifying defects according to their conventional width, a technique is suggested of standartizing flaw detectors according to the control reflectors of two sizes

  17. The First International Records Management Standard: A Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahrettin Özdemirci

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work, The First Internatonal Records Management Standart ISO 15489 for the use of records management is examined in regard to its preparatory stu­dies, its content, and its relation and contribution to archive management. In adi- tion to these, the provisions of the standard that can contribute to handling of Turkish records are mentioned and recommendations are offered for steps to be taken.

  18. Anterior Tibial Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Funda Tor

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aneurysmsatic changes of the infrapopliteal arteries are rarely seen. They are pseudoaneurysms rather than true aneursyms. The most important cause of them is trauma. There is not a standart treatment for infrapopliteal aneursyms. In this study, we have evaluated a case operated for anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm developed after penetrant trauma and diagnosed two weeks later. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(3.000: 172-175

  19. Effect of K?nes?otap?ng and Knee Brace on Funct?onal Performance in Recreat?onal Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Ulusoy, Burak; ?ldiz, B?lent; Tunay, Volga Bayrak??

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Kinesiotaping is a popular taping method that is used for both therapeutic and performance enchancement purposes. Knee braces are widely used for prevention in sport injuries but their performance effectiveness is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether kinesiotape or brace was more effective on functional performance. Methods: A total twenty male recreational football players (Mean?Standart Deviation (SD) age: 22.5?0.68 years, height: 175.15?3.37 cm, b...

  20. Radionuclide kineventriculographic evaluation of the heart pump function in valvular prosthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivanov, Zh; Shejretova, E; Trindev, P; Topalov, V; Denchev, S; Khadzhikostova, Kh

    1986-01-01

    The heart pump function was investigated by the methods of radionuclide kineventriculography, standart opaque ventryculography and echocardiography. The statistical analysis revealed lack of correlation for the ejection fraction, determined by the three methods. The methodological advantages of radionuclide kineventriculography are pointed out for exact and objective evaluation of the ejection fraction of the left cardiac ventricle, as well as some limitations in the application of this index in the clinical assessment of the heart pump function in patients, indicated for valvular prosthesis.

  1. Some parasitological, pathological and immunohistochemical examinations in sheep naturally infected by Trichuris Ovis

    OpenAIRE

    P. T. Iliev; A. Ivanov; Z. Kirkova; K. Hristov; K. Dinkova; J. Ananiev

    2017-01-01

    A case of Trichuris ovis infection in a lamb is presented. In June 2012 a herd of 12 infected with T. ovis lambs in Brestnik (Southern Bulgaria) were discovered. A diarrhea and loss in body weight in 2 lambs have been observed. Despite antibiotic treatment one of the animals died. Parasitological examination was done. During necropsy of the gastro-intestinal tract, adult worms in the caecum were found. Standart staining and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the cell population in ...

  2. REFERENCE ON THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES: DENSITY AND VISCOSITY OF WATER FOR ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elin Yusibani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A reference on thermophysical properties, density and viscosity, for water at atmospheric pressure has been developed in MS Excel (as a macros. Patterson’s density equations and Kestin’s viscosity equations have been chosen as a basic equation in the VBA programming as a user-defined function. These results have been compared with REFPROF as a wellknow standart reference

  3. Monitoring of ph, redox and turbidity in a water treatment plant using WSN with ZIGBEE technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerson Fonseca-Gonzaléz

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design of a WSN using Zigbee technology (Standart IEEE 802.15.4, With the help of the XBee of Maxtream modules the communication is carried out between a remote water treatment plant towards a ccordinator node. The acqired data are entered to a microcontroller which takes care of the processing to be able to transmit and visualized under a graphical user interface in Matlab

  4. Pertumbuhan Dan Produktivitas Sawi Pak Choy (Brasica Rapa L.) Pada Umur Transplanting Dan Pemberian Mulsa Organik

    OpenAIRE

    Pribadi, Gandhi Yudhistira; Roviq, Mochammad; Wardiyati, Tatik

    2014-01-01

    Potensi produksi tanaman pak choy belum optimal, rendahnya produksi pak choy dikarenakan pada teknik budidayanya petani cendrung tidak memperhatikan kondisi lingkungan mikro dan masih belum adanya standart transplanting yang tepat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan teknik budidaya pak choy dengan penggunaan mulsa dan saat transplanting yang tepat. Dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei - Juli 2013 di Desa Pandanrejo, Kecamatan Bumiaji - Batu. Penelitian menggunakan Ranca-ngan Acak Kelompok Faktoria...

  5. Radiation and toxix materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antipov, V.V.; Belkin, V.I.; Davydov, B.I.; Kustov, V.V.; Ushakov, I.B.

    1986-01-01

    General radiobiological concepts in aviation medicine related to the biological effect of ionizing radiation on flying factors are presented. Principles of standartization, permissible doses, general principles of radiation protection and prophylaxis of aviation personnel are described. Characteristics of radio emission, microwaves, procedure of their measurements are given. Pathophysiology of electromagnetic radiation is presented. Problems on radiation protection, technical and organization problems on electromagnetic radiation protection, as well as technology in aviation are discussed

  6. THE OBSERVATION OF TEACHER CANDIDATE RELATED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TEACHER'S PROFICIENCY

    OpenAIRE

    BAHŞİ, Muammer; TURAN, Mehmet; YILAYAZ, Ömer

    2009-01-01

    In this study it is evaluated science and tecnology teacher's proficiency based on students insights of science and tecnology education students in education faculty. It was used Standarts for Teacher Proficiency which is prepared from Ministry of National Education. The research was conducted on 85 Science and Tecnology students (4th classes) studying at the education faculty of Firat University. Data from results of study was analysed by using SPSS.

  7. Pengaruh besar arus pengelasan dan kecepatan volume alir gas pada proses las GMAW terhadap ketangguhan aluminium 5083

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I N Budiarsa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Level of welding current and flow rate of gas volume are welding parameters, which can influence result of welding process use of GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding at material of Aluminium 5083. Testing to be carried out is impact test with nocth type of standart test from A.S.T.M. standart pt.31 Designation E23-82. Specimens to be applied use of standard from DIN 50115 and standart ISO V nocth. Treatments to be given to specimen are variation flow rate of gas volume and level of welding current. By using of factorial experiment method can be showed that level of welding current and flow rate of gas volume and its interaction give a significance effect toward toughness properties of material. The result obtained with level of welding current 250 Ampere at variation of gas volume flow rate (17 l/minute, 18 l/minute, 19l/minute gives result low level toughness properties of material. The lowest level toughness (26,967 at (250 Ampere, 19l/minute

  8. Portföy Yönetiminde Sistematik Olmayan Riski Azaltacak Bir Doğrusal Programlama Model Önerisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat UĞURLU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Geleneksel portföy teorisi portföy riskini azaltmak için çeşitlendirmeye önem verirken modern portföy teorisi geçmiş nicel bilgileri kullanarak matematiksel ve istatistiksel yöntemlerle yatırımcıya etkin sınır üzerinde bir portföy oluşturma seçeneğini sunmaktadır. Modern portföy teorisinin öncülerinden Markowitz risk olarak standart sapmayı dikkate almıştır. Seçim yapılacak hisse senetlerinin sayısının çokluğu standart sapma hesaplamalarını zorlaştırmaktadır. Konno ve Yamazaki risk olarak standart sapma yerine mutlak sapmayı kullanmış, böylelikle portföy seçimi doğrusal programlama modeli olarak ifade edilebilmiştir. Her iki model portföye girecek hisse senetlerinin sayısına ve endüstri kollarına dağıtılmasına müdahale edemez. Bu ise oluşacak portföyün, teorik olarak bir tek hisse senedinden oluşmasını mümkün kılabilir. Bu çalışmada, bahsedilen olumsuzluğu gidermek amacıyla Konno ve Yamazaki modeli ilave kısıtlarla genişletilerek yatırımcıya en yüksek beklenen getiriyi sağlayan yeni bir doğrusal programlama modeli önerisi yapılmaktadır.

  9. Pengaruh pemberian yogurt sinbiotik tepung pisang tanduk terhadap profil lipid tikus sindrom metabolik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zana Fitriana Octavia

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The metabolic syndrome, which is characterized by hyperglycemia, obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, prothrombic and proinflamatory state, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The synbiotic yogurt of tanduk banana (Musa paradisiaca fa. corniculata flour contains lactic acid bacteria, fructooligosaccarides, flavonoids, and vitamin C which all of them play role in improving the lipid profile. Objective: The aim of this study was to prove the effect of synbiotic yogurt of tanduk banana flour on lipid profile of metabolic syndrome rats. Method: This study was an true experimental with pre-post test  control group design. The subject of this study were 18 metabolic syndrome male Wistar rats divided into 3 groups,i.e control group (standart diet, intervention group I (standart diet and synbiotic yogurt of banana flour 0,009 ml/g weight/day, and intervention group II (standart diet and synbiotic yogurt of banana flour 0,018 ml/g weight/day. The intervention period was 2 weeks. Different test before and after intervention used paired t-test. The difference test between groups used One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal wallis. Results: The result showed that both of intervention group improved lipid profile significantly (p<0,05. The intervention group II showed more effective improvement of lipid profile significantly (p<0,05 than intervention group I. The intervention group II decreased triglycerides level 41,56%; total cholesterol level 41,39%; LDL-cholesterol level 57,5%; and increased HDL-cholesterol level 139,62%. Conclucion: The intervention of synbiotic yogurt of  tanduk banana flour can decrease triglyceride level, total cholesterol level, LDL-cholesterol level, and increase HDL-cholesterol level.

  10. Çelik Bir Bacanın Dinamik Davranışının Analizi

    OpenAIRE

    GÜRSOY, Gökhan; YERLİ, Hüseyin R.; KAÇIN, Selçuk

    2015-01-01

    Giderek artan endüstriyel tesislerin (termik ve nükleer santraller, demir çelik fabrikaları, değişik imalata yönelik fabrikalar) ihtiyacı olan endüstriyel bacalar için ülkemizde henüz bir standart bulunmamaktadır. Yine bu yapıların modellenmesi için paket programlar kullanılmakta ancak gerçek davranışı hakkında saha çalışmalarına gerek duyulmaktadır

  11. The Use of UML to Development of a Railway Interlocking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Rastocny

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with problems of using the Unifield Modeling Lanfuage (UML in developmentt of new railway interlocking and signalling systems. A simplifield example of the control circuit of a point machine is used to demonstrate an object-oriented approach to specifying the functional safety requirements. An informal specification given by the relevant technical standart is used as a starting point and results in semi-formal specification based on UML model. Advantages of the presented approach are discussed and new trends of increasing formality of UML models are indicated within conclusions.

  12. Perbedaan Intelligence Quotient (Iq) antara Anak Stunting dan Tidak Stunting Umur 7 €“ 12 Tahun di Sekolahdasar (Studi pada Siswa SD Negeri Buara 04 Kecamatan Ketanggungan Kabupaten Brebes)

    OpenAIRE

    Yunitasari, Linda

    2012-01-01

    Stunted is one form of malnutrition on children are calculated based on height measurement according to age (TB/U), where the value of z-score ‰¤ -2 SD (standart deviation). Child stunted have lower cognitive scores than the normal child. United Nations Imergency Children€™s Fund (UNICEF) said that children are stunted have an average IQ of 11 points lower than the average child who does stunted. The purpose of this research is to know the difference Intelligence quotient (IQ) on child stunte...

  13. Some parasitological, pathological and immunohistochemical examinations in sheep naturally infected by Trichuris Ovis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. T. Iliev

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A case of Trichuris ovis infection in a lamb is presented. In June 2012 a herd of 12 infected with T. ovis lambs in Brestnik (Southern Bulgaria were discovered. A diarrhea and loss in body weight in 2 lambs have been observed. Despite antibiotic treatment one of the animals died. Parasitological examination was done. During necropsy of the gastro-intestinal tract, adult worms in the caecum were found. Standart staining and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the cell population in the affected areas of the caecum

  14. DEVELOPING FLEXIBLE APPLICATIONS WITH XML AND DATABASE INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hale AS

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the most popular subject in Information System area is Enterprise Application Integration (EAI. It can be defined as a process of forming a standart connection between different systems of an organization?s information system environment. The incorporating, gaining and marriage of corporations are the major reasons of popularity in Enterprise Application Integration. The main purpose is to solve the application integrating problems while similar systems in such corporations continue working together for a more time. With the help of XML technology, it is possible to find solutions to the problems of application integration either within the corporation or between the corporations.

  15. Penentuan Kadar Air Dan Kadar Kotoran Minyak Inti Sawit Di PTPN III PKS Kebun Rambutan – Tebing Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Nadapdap, Nova Dana Isabela

    2010-01-01

    PTPN III PKS Kebun Rambutan – tebing tinggi is factory which manufactures CPO starting from fresh fruit bunch to be crude oil.And the second product produced by PTPN III is Palm kernel.The proses of palm kernel oil within several steps are separation,solution,drying and storage.In other to be distributed,palm kernel must the following the quality specification free fatty acid 0,5 %,water content 7,0 %,pollutant content 6,0 %,ang these are the standart for obtaining high quality palm kernel.An...

  16. Assessment of knowledge about skin care among Turkish people

    OpenAIRE

    Gonca Gökdemir; Seher Arı; Adem Köşlü

    2008-01-01

    Background and Design: Skin care is essential for maintenance of healty skin. But skin care behaviors vary in different societies. There are a few studies about this subject in Turkish population. The aim of this study was to determine behaviors of skin care products use and knowledge about skin care. MATERIAL-METHOD: A total of 870 patients were enrolled to the study between October 2006 and May 2007. The study group were composed of patients in dermatology out-patient clinic. A standart que...

  17. The application of magnetic resonance imaging in temporomandibular joint pathology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ehmedov, E.T.; Qahramanov, E.T.

    2007-01-01

    The diseases and damages of temporomandibular joint have compleceted diagnostic unlike other bone-joint pathologies. In 2005 for the first time in history it was implemented the magnetic resonance imaging in diagnostics of patients with with temporomandibular joints pathology. The current researches are in place till today. Being the golden standart the application of magnetic resonance tomography has a great role in differential diagnostics of the chronic arthritis, sclerosanse, deformanse arthrosis and arthrosis with internal derancement. This method guaranteed the correct valuation of the bone, disc and muscle structures of the joint and therefore brought full clearance into the problem

  18. Calculations with THYDE-B1 for the test PO-SB-7 in PIPER-1, Pisa, Italy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sonneck, G.; Pfau, H.

    1988-01-01

    The test PO-SB-7 from the BWR test facility PIPER-1 in Pisa, Italy, was chosen as the International Standart Problem (ISP) 21 by CSNI, OECD. The Department for Energy and Engineering is participating in this exercise. This report describes the input and the calculations using the Japanese code THYDE-B1. As the experiment has not yet been run the results can only be compared to counterpart test in USA and Japan. They seem to be reasonable. Additionally THYDE-B1 proves to have advantages over similar codes. 10 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs. (Author)

  19. Stannous ion determination in99mTc - radiopharmaceutical kits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Almeida, M.A.T.M. de; Silva, C.P.G. da.

    1989-10-01

    Two simple and selective methods for determination of stannous ion in radiopharmaceutical kits are proposed. One of this permits the estimation of stannic ion. The first method used is a potentiometric tiration of Sn +2 in HCl medium using KIO 3 solution under nitrogen gas and a redox platinum electrode. The second method consist of a compleximetric tiration of tin (Sn +2 and Sn +4 ) using EDTA standart solution at pH 5.5-5.6 without use of nitrogen gas. The employed procedures indicates that both the methods can be used for routine quantitative determination of tin in most labeled radiopharmaceuticals. (author) [pt

  20. Glycaemic Index Of Uwi, Gadung, And Talas Which Were Given On Rat

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Ika Puspita; Lukitaningsih, Endang; Rumiyati, Rumiyati; Setiawan, Irfan Muris

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was the determination of glycaemic index (GI) of local tubers such as Uwi (Dioscorea alata), Gadung (Dioscorea hispida), dan Talas (Colocasia esculenta). Tubers were prepared as raw flour which were administered orally to the rats. Blood were taken at 0; 0,5; 1 and 2 hour after tubers administration. The dose was 2,5 kg/kg body weight (BW) whereas glucose was administered as a standart treatment. Area Under Curve (AUC) was calculated after plotting the graph of time vers...

  1. The accommodation coefficient of the liquid at temperatures below the boiling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulba Elena E.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Are carried out experimental investigation of the laws of vaporization at temperatures below the boiling point. Is determined the mass rate of evaporation of distilled water in large intervals of time at different temperatures in order to sound conclusions about the stationarity of the process of evaporation of the liquid in the conditions of the experiments performed, and also studied the effect of temperature on the rate of evaporation. Accommodation coefficient is defined in the mathematical expression of the law of Hertz-Knudsen for standart substance used in the experiments.

  2. Mārketinga komunikācija BTA Insurance Company SE.

    OpenAIRE

    Oksaniča, Ilona

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Mārketinga komunikācija BTA Insurance Company SE. Apdrošināšanas nozarē pastāv liela konkurence, kas nozīmē, ka uzņēmumiem ir jāizstrādā laba mārketinga komunikācija, lai jau esošie un potenciālie klienti izvēlētos noteiktu apdrošināšanas uzņēmumu. Pēc nesenās finanšu krīzes visi uzņēmumi piesardzīgi izturas pret visām darbībām ar finansēm, līdz ar to uzņēmumam ir jāizvērtē sava īstenotā mārketinga komunikācija, lai saprastu, kuras ir veiksmīgas un kuras nav tik veik...

  3. Pieprasījuma veicināšanas iespējas „Coca – Cola HBC Latvia” uzņēmumā krīzes apstākļos

    OpenAIRE

    Petjukeviča, Tatjana

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētot Latvijas bezalkoholisku dzērienu nozares attīstības tendences un vadošo uzņēmuma menedžmentu, atrast pieprasījuma veicināšanas iespējas „Coca-Cola HBC Latvia” uzņēmuma produkcijai krīzes apstākļos. Šis uzņēmums ir viens no Latvijas vadošajiem uzņēmumiem bezalkoholisko dzērienu tirdzniecībā, tomēr krīze negatīvi ietekmēja uz tā neto apgrozījuma izmaiņām, tāpēc ir nepieciešams izstrādāt vairākus pasākumus pieprasījuma veicināšanai šā uzņēmuma produkcijai. Darba...

  4. Biznesa formāta franšīzes līguma tiesiskais regulējums

    OpenAIRE

    Gailāns, Andrejs

    2009-01-01

    Šajā darbā autors analizē tiesisko regulējumu, kas izriet no Biznesa Formāta Franšīzes (BFF) attiecībām. Darbā ir aprakstīta franšīzes līguma izcelšanās vēsture, sniegta Biznesa Formāta Franšīzes līguma definīcija, norādītas galvenās tā pazīmes, un kritēriji, ar kuriem BFF atšķiras no citiem franšīzes modeļiem, kā arī dots īss franšīzes veidu raksturojums. Darbā ir sniegts nozares doktrinālo dokumentu apraksts, kā arī aprakstīti franšīzes līguma nozīmīgākie posmi, tādi kā pirmslīguma attiecīb...

  5. Uzņēmuma "Starbucks" ieviešana un virzīšana Latvijas tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Bloka, Līva

    2014-01-01

    Uzņēmums „Starbucks” ir viens no pasaulē populārākajiem savas nozares uzņēmumiem un pastāv jau vairāk nekā 40 gadus. Lai gan tas uzsācis darbību jau 22 Eiropas valstīs, Latvija joprojām nav starp tām. Darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorētiskajiem aspektiem par uzņēmuma ieviešanu un virzīšanu jaunā tirgū un potenciālās mērķauditorijas aptaujas rezultātiem, noteikt uzņēmuma „Starbucks” ieviešanas un virzīšanas iespējas Latvijas tirgū. Pētījuma periods mārketinga ārējās vides faktoriem...

  6. Paula Stradiņa veselības un sociālās aprūpes koledžai pieejamie resursi un to izmantošana medicīnas speciālistu sagatavošanas procesā

    OpenAIRE

    Oliņa, Agnese

    2007-01-01

    Veselības nozares nodrošināšana ar pietiekamiem cilvēkresursiem. Mērķis, izpētīt koledžas pieejamos resursus un to izmantošanu, atklāt pozitīvos momentus un trūkumus, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus. Analīzes rezultāti, nepietiekams finanšu resurss telpu un iekārtu nodrošināsanai jaunajām studiju programmām, resursu vadīšanas procesam nepieciešami papildus darbinieki un zināšanas. Darbā analizēti vispārējie resursi un to atšķirības veselības izglītības jomā, vadīšanas process un kvalit...

  7. SIA „Origami” saimnieciskās darbības analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Skalbiņš, Verners

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „SIA „Origami” saimnieciskās darbības analīze”. Darbā apskatītais uzņēmums ir poligrāfijas nozares uzņēmums, kas specializējas lielformāta drukas jomā. Darba mērķis ir identificēt uzņēmuma stiprās un vājās puses, un izstrādāt priekšlikumus tā attīstībai un uzlabošanai. Mērķa sasniegšanai izvirzīti sekojoši uzdevumi: izpētīt uzņēmuma analīzes veikšanai nepieciešamo teorētisko bāzi, uz tās balstoties veikt uzņēmuma analīzi, kā arī izstrādāt secinājumus par līdzšinējo ...

  8. Reklāma kā mārketinga komunikāciju metode preču virzīšanai starptautiskā tirgū

    OpenAIRE

    Līcīte-Lasmane, Agnete

    2015-01-01

    Reklāma ir viens no izplatītākajiem un lielāko atdevi nesošajiem mārketinga komunikāciju kanāliem starptautisku uzņēmumu darbā. Tradicionālie reklāmas veidi nostiprina savu vērtību, bet inovācijas šajā nozarē ir sastopamas ik uz soļa. Diplomdarba mērķis ir pamatojoties uz apgūto starptautiskā mārketinga un reklāmas teorijas bāzi, salīdzināt un izstrādāt secinājumus par reklāmas veidiem un to pielietojumu uzņēmumu ’’Nestle Baltics’’ un ’’HKScan Latvia’’ darbā un priekšlikumus m...

  9. SIA "Baltic Motors, Ltd" produkti, to attīstības iespējas

    OpenAIRE

    Silavs, Mārtiņš

    2011-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „SIA „Baltic Motors, Ltd produkti, to attīstības iespējas” tiek aplūkota Ford un Mazda automašīnu oficiālā pārstāvja darbība Latvijā, pašreiz sniegto produktu un pakalpojumu nozīmība veiksmīgai nākotnes darbībai, nozares raksturojums, produktu kustība mainīgajos apstākļos. Darba aktualitāti nosaka cilvēku nepieciešamību, uzskatu maiņa ekonomisko apstākļu ietekmē. Darba autors secina, ka cilvēki rūpīgāk izvērtē jaunu produktu iegādi, ir jūtīgi pret cenu izmaiņām, kas jauno a...

  10. The mathematical modeling of the single and ensemble dynamics of magnetic filaments

    OpenAIRE

    Livanovičs, Rūdolfs

    2016-01-01

    Biomimētisku sistēmu izmantošana mikrodzinēju un šķidrumu maisītāju izveidei ir aktuāls izpētes objekts mīksto materiālu nozarē. Šiem mērķiem iespējams izmantot magnētiskas stīgas, ko ir viegli kontrolēt mainot ārēja magnētiskā lauka parametrus. Šajā darbā ir izveidots magnētisku stīgu matemātisks modelis, kas ietver gan vērp es, gan hidrodinamisko mijiedarbību ietekmi dažādos tuvinājumos un izveidota praktiska implementācija divu programmatūras bibliotēku formā. Ar izveidotā modeļa palīdzību...

  11. Atbildība pret trešajām personām būvniecībā un par ekspluatācijā esošu būvi

    OpenAIRE

    Zalamane, Adele

    2015-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir civiltiesiskā atbildība pret trešajām personām par aizskārumu, kura pamatā ir būvniecības laikā pieļautas kļūdas. Darba mērķis ir noskaidrot pastāvošo regulējumu, apzināt tā trūkumus un piedāvāt risinājumus. Lai izpētītu civiltiesiskās atbildības regulējumu pret trešajām personām, ievērojot nesenos normatīvo aktu grozījumus būvniecības nozarē, izpētīts atbildības regulējums Būvniecības likumā, kurš bija spēkā līdz 2014.gada 1.oktobrim, un jaunajā Būvniecības likumā. ...

  12. Uzņēmuma "ArtBag"stratēģija eksporta konkurētspējas paaugstināšanai

    OpenAIRE

    Lase-Lasmane, Zane

    2012-01-01

    Šī darba mērķis ir analizēt internetā bāzētu individualizētu rokassomiņu un apavu uzņēmumu stratēģijas un noskaidrot, vai tās izmanto kādu no ekonomiskajā literatūrā biežāk citētajām stratēģijām vai izvēlas vairāku stratēģiju sajaukumu. Darbā aplūkotas M. Portera Zemu izmaksu līderības, Diferenciācijas un Fokusa stratēģijas, kā arī V. Čana Kima un R. Mabornas Zilā okeāna stratēģija, definēts masveida individualizācijas fenomens. Pētnieciskajā daļā veikta divu nozares uzņēmumu – „Shoes of Prey...

  13. Psihosociālo risku ietekme uz nodarbinātajiem izglītības iestādē. Preventīvie pasākumi

    OpenAIRE

    Reine, Inga

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darbs,, Psihosociālo risku ietekme uz izglītības nozarē strādājošajiem. Preventīvie pasākumi” izstrādāts ar mērķi analizēt psihosociālos riskus Latvijas izglītības sistēmā kopumā un to ietekmi uz pedagoga arodveselību un darbaspējām.Darbā apkopota informācija un dažādu autoru teorētiskās nostādnes par psihosociālajiem riskiem, pētīta stresa ietekme uz cilvēka veselību un darba kvalitāti.Maģistra darba praktiskajā daļā tiek veikta Rīgas Centra sākumskolas pedagogu kolektīva darba vi...

  14. Cēsu alus konkurētspēja un to ietekmējošie faktori Latvijas tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Baltroka, Krista

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma „Cēsu alus konkurētspēja un to ietekmējošie faktori Latvijas tirgū”. Konkurence ir viens no svarīgākajiem nosacījumiem uzņēmuma pilnveidošanās procesā, stratēģijas izstrādē. Latvijas tirgū, dzērienu nozarē ir liela konkurence, piedāvāto produktu klāsts ir ļoti plašs. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt akciju sabiedrības „Cēsu alus” konkurētspēju ietekmējošos faktorus Latvijas tirgū, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus konkurētspējas paaugstināšanai. Kvantitatīvās analīze...

  15. Mobilā mārketinga izmantošana un tā attīstības perspektīvas Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Treija, Solveiga

    2014-01-01

    Solveiga Treija. Maģistra darbs „Mobilā mārketinga izmantošana un tā attīstības perspektīvas Latvijā.” Maģistra darba mērķis ir, pamatojoties uz teorijas atziņām par mobilo mārketingu, mobilo ierīču lietotāju aptaujas rezultātiem un padziļināto interviju ar nozares speciālistiem rezultātiem, novērtēt mobilā mārketinga izmantošanu Latvijā, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus mobilā mārketinga attīstībai uzņēmējdarbībā Latvijā. Pirmajā nodaļā pētīta mobilā mārketinga būtība, galvenie rīki un ...

  16. Sociālie mediji kā ilgtspējīgs mārketinga instruments.

    OpenAIRE

    Kudlāne, Maija

    2012-01-01

    Ietekme, kādu sociālie mediji atstāj uz patērētāja ikdienas dzīvi ir neiedomājami liela. Tāpēc sociālo mediju mārketings ir attīstījies kā atsevišķa nozare. Pastāv dažādi viedokļi par to vai sociālo mediju mārketings ir ilgtspējīgs vai tā ir tikai mirkļa tendence. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt sociālo mediju mārketinga īpatnības un pielietojumu atkarībā no mārketinga mērķa, mērķa auditorijas iezīmēm, ekonomiskiem un kultūras faktoriem, kā arī izprast tā nākotnes potenciālu. Darba izpētes pro...

  17. Latvijas sabiedrisko attiecību līderu novērtējums: mediju, SA aģentūru, klientu un topošo SA speciālistu viedokļi

    OpenAIRE

    Freiberga, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darba ‘’Latvijas sabiedrisko attiecību līderu novērtējums: mediju, SA aģentūru, klientu un topošo SA speciālistu viedokļi’’ pētījuma problēma ir Latvijas sabiedrisko attiecību nozarē nav noteikti konkrēti līderi. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no teorētiskās, metodoloģiskās un empīriskās daļas. Teorētiskajā daļā ir aprakstīta Sabiedrisko attiecību teorija, sabiedrisko attiecību raksturojums un vēsture, sabiedrisko attiecību mērķi, iezīmju teoriju, uzvedības iezīmju teoriju, līdera teoriju,...

  18. Uzņēmuma McDonalds konkurētspējas novērtēšanas un tās uzlabošanas iespējas

    OpenAIRE

    Artemjeva, Anžela

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma – „Uzņēmuma McDonalds konkurētspējas novērtēšana un tās uzlabošanas iespējas”. Bakalaura darba mērķis-pamatojoties uz teorētiskām atziņām par konkurenci un konkurētspēju, izpētīt SIA McDonalds konkurētspēju tirgū un tās pilnveidošanas iespējas balstoties uz Latvijas, Lietuvas un Igaunijas investīciju nozares analīzes datu rezultātiem, izdarīt secinājumus un sniegt priekšlikumus SIA McDonalds konkurētspējas uzlabošanai. Bakalaura darba izstrādes gaitā autore ir izstr...

  19. Vacuum assisted closure improves the quality of life in patients with diabetic foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatepe, O; Eken, I; Acet, E; Unal, O; Mert, M; Koc, B; Karahan, S; Filizcan, U; Ugurlucan, M; Aksoy, M

    2011-01-01

    Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common endocrine disease worldwide. One of the most important chronic complications of this disease is the development of diabetic foot. The management of diabetic foot wounds is quite important with respect to public health. To determine the effect of Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC) therapy on the quality of life in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers and compare it with standart wound care. Between May 2007 to December 2008, 67 consecutive patients with diabetic foot ulcers were randomly assigned to VAC therapy (Group 1, n : 30) or standart wound care (Group 2, n : 37). The SF-36 questionnaire was administered the day before and in the month following wound healing. Global analyses of the 8 domains and 2 comprehensive indexes of SF-36, Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) were performed. Clinical measures included standard antidiabetic treatment, daily wound care including antiseptic bath, debridement, toe removal for gangrene when necessary, and wound care with conventional methods or VAC. Healing time was calculated as the time from hospital admission to the time of re-epithelization. There were no differences in the mean age, ulcer size and pulse status of the patients in both groups. Healing time in the VAC group was significantly reduced (p VAC therapy. Vacuum Assisted Closure therapy was found to be effective in the treatment of chronic diabetic ulcers. The improvement of quality of life demonstrates a clear-cut indication in this particular group of patients.

  20. EVALUATION OF REVERBERATION TIME IN THE CLASSROOM (CASE OF CLASSROOM AT DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ISWATI Tri Yuni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study took place in three rooms in one building, give and take the external conditions were relatively similar. The study aims to observe the level of acoustic comfort and suggest strategies to improve the acoustic comfort by modifying materials and dimensions of the materials. The modification is much needed in practice since the user critize the acoustical comfort of the room. The method applied was simply measuring the condition of the rooms using laser distance meter and sound level meter, taking notes on the characteristic of the material used, and developing simulation based on several modifications in materials and dimensions of the materials. The result of the simulation was then being compared to the standart of reverberation time. The conclusion of the study was made into three points: (1 the acoustic condition in the rooms are indeed not meeting the standart to ensure users’ comfort, (2 the reverberation time is better when additional plasterboard ceiling are built, thus changing the rooms’ dimension; and (3 the noise in each room is not significantly reduced even after the additional ceiling built. The simulation in this study was done through the help of Ecotect 2011.

  1. The First International Records Management Standard: A Point of View İlk Uluslararası Belge Yönetim Standardı: Ülkemiz Açısından Bir Değerlendirme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahrettin Özdemirci

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work, The First Internatonal Records Management Standart ISO 15489 for the use of records management is examined in regard to its preparatory studies, its content, and its relation and contribution to archive management. In adition to these, the provisions of the standard that can contribute to handling of Turkish records are mentioned and recommendations are offered for steps to be taken. Bu çalışmada, belge yönetimi için ilk uluslararası standart olan ISO 15489'un hazırlık çalışmaları, içeriği ve belge yönetimine kazandırdığı yeni boyut irdelenerek, arşiv yönetimi ile ilişkisi açıklanmıştır. Standardın ülkemiz belge ve arşiv yönetimi uygulamalarına sağlayacağı katkılar üzerinde durulmuş ve yapılması gerekenler konusunda önerilere yer verilmiştir.

  2. The toilet sanitation management to meet healthy house standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studyanto, Anung B.; Musfiroh, Mujahidatul; Sholahuddin

    2018-03-01

    To increase the community participation in the toilet sanitation management at house to making a house according the healthy house standart. The toilet sanitation management is becoming complex with increasing population growth, and limited land for sanitation. The community participation determines the success of the toilet sanitation management and improving the health status of the community. This study used an observation method for the availability of latrines according the healthy house criteria, spatial layout and pit layout that meet health and safety standards. Spatial and layout include bathroom area, type of material used for wall and floor bathroom, type of latrine, distance the waste storage distance with water source, and sewerage. The respondents in this study are the people who live in Jaten Village taken by accidental sampling. The number of respondents in this study were 15 respondents.This study shows that all respondents (100%) already have toilet and 8 respondents (53%) have a good toilet sanitation management. Respondents have provided latrines as an effort to manage household waste and according the healthy house standart. The latrine spatial plan has been well implemented, but the latrine layout plan has not been properly.

  3. Ketamine: A New Antidepressant?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feride Karacaer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Standart antidepressants are needed for the many individuals with major depressive disorder. However they do not respond adequately to treatment and because of a delay of weeks before the emergence of therapeutic effects. Recent studies show that subanesthetic dose of ketamine is efficacy and safety for the treatment of depression. Antidepressant effects of ketamine have been found to be short-lived and its psychotomimetic properties may limit the use of ketamine to depressive patients. Future research studies should focus on identifying predictors of response (pharmalogical and clinical , investigating application of different doses and routes of administration and maintaining antidepressant effect. [Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry 2015; 7(1: 30-40

  4. Plant Growth Modeling Using L-System Approach and Its Visualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atris Suyantohadi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The visualizationof plant growth modeling using computer simulation has rarely been conducted with Lindenmayer System (L-System approach. L-System generally has been used as framework for improving and designing realistic modeling on plant growth. It is one kind of tools for representing plant growth based on grammar sintax and mathematic formulation. This research aimed to design modeling and visualizing plant growth structure generated using L-System. The environment on modeling design used three dimension graphic on standart OpenGL format. The visualization on system design has been developed by some of L-System grammar, and the output graphic on three dimension reflected on plant growth as a virtual plant growth system. Using some of samples on grammar L-System rules for describing of the charaterictics of plant growth, the visualization of structure on plant growth has been resulted and demonstrated.

  5. BEDEN ETKİLEŞİMLİ MEKAN TASARIMI

    OpenAIRE

    ADIGÜZEL ÖZBEK, Derya

    2018-01-01

    İnsanlar bedenli varlıklar olarak bedeni aracılığı ile dünyaya temaseder, onunla ilişki kurar ve etkileşime geçerler. İnsanların dünya ile ilişkisibeden üzerinden tanımlanmakta, bu ilişki doğrultusunda biçimlenmektedir. Mekanve bedenin etkileşim içindeki devingen ilişkisi tasarımda önemli bir yeresahiptir. Mekanın, statik beden için standart üretimi yerine deneyimleyenkullanıcı için tasarlanması gerekmektedir. Çalışmada, bu anlayışlayapılandırılan Mekan-Beden Etkileşimi dersi ve bu ders kapsa...

  6. Fundamental parameters method for quantitative energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Demirel, H.; Zararsiz, A.

    1986-01-01

    In this study, the requirement of the standart material in photon excited energy distributed X-ray fluorescence analysis has been removed. The interaction of X-rays with matter has been taken into account. A computer program has been developed by using the fundamental parameters of X-ray fluorescence technique and the spectral intensity 'K' of pure elements at saturation thickness has been obtained. For experimental purpose a convenient source-target-detector geometry has been designed. In order to excite the samples,Cd-109 radioisotope source has been used. The peak intensities has been obtained in a vacum chamber by counting the emitted X-rays. The calculation of concentration has been performed for double mixed samples correcting the effects of absorption and enchancement factors. The results were in conformity with their certificate values. (author)

  7. Autocad VBA Uygulamalı Geçme Tasarımı

    OpenAIRE

    Eyigün, Erol; Dündar, Kürşad; Durman, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, mil toleransları ve dişli çark, kasnak, burç gibi elemanların geçme toleranslarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Üç ayrı bölümden oluşan, Visual Basic 6,0 ve AutoCAD destekli VBA (Visual Basic For Application) programlama dili kullanarak geçmelerin toleransını hesaplayan bir program yazılmıştır. Birinci bölümde, geçmeler ile ilgili kullanılan standart tablolar Access datalar olarak bilgisayar ortamına aktarılmış ve bu datalar kullanılarak istenilen çap ve tolerans değerlerine gör...

  8. Meslek Yüksekokulu Öğrencilerinin Eğitimde Motivasyon Düzeylerinin Ölçülmesi: Ortaca Meslek Yüksekokulu Örneği

    OpenAIRE

    Gürdoğan, Arzu

    2012-01-01

    Çalışma, turizm bölümü öğrencilerinin akademisyenlik mesleğine ilişkin motivasyon düzeylerinin belirlenmesi amacını taşımaktadır. Araştırma tekniklerinden anket kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada, istatistiksel testlerin analizinde SPSS for Windows 15.0 paket programından yararlanılmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin analizinde güvenilirlik, frekans, aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma, korelasyon ve faktör analizi testleri kullanılmıştır. Faktör analizi sonucunda dört faktör elde edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak,...

  9. ANALISIS ABSOLUTE DAN OBLIQUE DALAM BAHASA KERINCI ISOLEK PULAU TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nova Rina

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This research study in phonological field, aims of this research to discribe rhyme alternation on form of absolute and oblique in Kerinci language isolect pulau tengah. The purpose of this research are 1 to documenting Kerinci language isolect Pulau Tengah that threatened by Indonesian standart, Jakarta Indonesia, Minangkabau language, and most seriously threathened by Kerinci koine 2 the result of this research about description of Kerinci language isolect Pulau Tengah will be useful for other Malayic language researcher especially in remote areas of Sumatera and 3 give langauge contribution significantly for Kerinci society especially for Pulau Tengah society. This research found 19 rhyme alternation in G-words, 20 rhyme alternation in K-words, 16 vocal sequences, 28 consonant clusters, 12 consonant sequences, and base on silable phonotactic rules in Kerinci language isolect Pulau Tengah, it found six rules; V, VC, CV, CVC, CCV, and CCVC.

  10. Attitudes of High School Students towards Geometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esat Avcı

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this research, attitudes of high school students towards geometry were investigated in terms of gender, grade, types of the field and school. Population of research includes students who were studying at high school in five distincs of Mersin in 2013-2014 academical year. Sample of research includes 935 students from twelve high schools. Attitude scale which was developed by Su-Özenir (2008 was used for data collection. For data analysis, mean, standart deviation, t test and ANOVA were used. A meaningful difference between students’ attitudes towards geometry and variance of gender and grade level wasn’t observed, on the other hand a meaningful difference according to field and school type is observed.Key Words:    Attitudes towards geometry, high school geometry lesson, attitude scale

  11. Development of a computer model (REASON) for the simulation of behavioural decisions on the basis of inference and valuation processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Engemann, A.; Radtke, M.; Sachs, S.

    1981-07-01

    A computer model for the simulation of behavioural decisions and the preceding inference and valuation processes is under development under the sponsorship of the 'Stiftung Volkswagenwerk'. The present paper describes the basic ideas of the model from both the psychological and the mathematical point of view. The interdisciplinary character of the project is demonstrated quite clearly. In a semantic network, which contains knowlege, values and standarts related to the field under consideration, feasible actions and their consequences are evaluated. According to the behavioural model of Ajzen and Fishbein, valuations of the consequences are multiplied with the expections and added up. The command language for the program allows and algebraic definition of the Fishbein formula. The concept, consisting of object structres, predicates and implications, can be described in nearly natural language. In addition to this 'expected utility model' the program provides the possibility to exclude option by thresholds for the simulation of simplistic heuristics. (orig.) [de

  12. Ozonlama işleminin üç farklı grup pestisitin degradasyonu üzerine etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    KÖLÜK TATLI, Yeşim

    2016-01-01

    Bu çalışmada farklı gruplardan pestisitlerin suda ve farklı pH’lardaki tampon çözeltilerde (pH 5.5 ve 6.5), farklı sürelerde ozon gazı ile parçalanabilirliği incelenmiştir. Aktif maddelerin ozonlanmamış kontrol çözeltileri, çözelti miktarı 10 mL ve 20 ppm konsantrasyonunda olacak şekilde her bir aktif madde için standart şekilde hazırlanmıştır. Ozonlama işlemine tabii tutulan aynı grup içindeki (neonikotinoid) thiamethoxa...

  13. ROLE OF HYDROBIOLOGY DEPARTMENT IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS, DEVELOPMENT OF FISHING INDUSTRY AND SCIENCE IN THE UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevtushenko N.Y.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Article summarized the information concerning the basic objectives and lines of action of hydrobiology department in training the specialists in major Water Bioresources and Aquaculture. The value of the complex of disciplines, which disclose processes of studying the water quality, condition of aquatic ecosystems, biological and fish productivity of different water types, is shown. The main focus is on the structure and content of educational disciplines, which provide realization of master program in hydrobioresources safety, and on their tight connection with scientific researches, which aim at safety, reproduction and rational use of hydrobioresources, the importance of aquatic organisms in the system of water quality bioidentification, using international and european standarts, also on processes of water quality control and waters’ bioreproduction.

  14. ROLE OF HYDROBIOLOGY DEPARTMENT IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS, DEVELOPMENT OF FISHING INDUSTRY AND SCIENCE IN THE UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Y. Yevtushenko

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Article summarized the information concerning the basic objectives and lines of action of hydrobiology department in training the specialists in major Water Bioresources and Aquaculture. The value of the complex of disciplines, which disclose processes of studying the water quality, condition of aquatic ecosystems, biological and fish productivity of different water types, is shown. The main focus is on the structure and content of educational disciplines, which provide realization of master program in hydrobioresources safety, and on their tight connection with scientific researches, which aim at safety, reproduction and rational use of hydrobioresources, the importance of  aquatic organisms in the system of  water quality bioidentification, using international and european standarts, also on processes of water quality control and waters’ bioreproduction. Key words: discipline, educational process, waters, bioresources, pollution, biological productivity processes, water quality, fish productivity

  15. PENYEDERHANAAN ANALISA BAHAYA ARC FLASH MENGGUNAKAN KURVA BATASAN ENERGI PADA BANDARA INTERNASIONAL JUANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoga Firdaus

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Teknik penyederhanaan analisis digunakan untuk penentuan personal protective equipment (PPE dari bahaya busur api (arc-flash dengan berdasarkan IEEE std. 1584-2002 dan overcurrent protective device (OCPD. Tidak seperti persamaan penyederhanaan dalam IEEE 1584, teknik analisis ini berpotensi dapat diterapkan untuk semua jenis perangkat pelindung arus lebih pada setiap sistem kelistrikan yang berada dalam jangkauan persamaan empiris IEEE 1584. Saat sebuah metode tidak tepat menghitung tingkat energi insiden dan batas pelindung api (flash-protection pada bus, maka tidak dapat menentukan tingkat PPE yang dibutuhkan secara akurat dan batas jarak pelindung api (flash-protection yang maksimal untuk memungkinkan pekerja melindungi diri secara memadai terhadap bahaya busur api. Studi aktual mengenai penyederhanaan analisa busur api dilakukan pada Bandara Internasional Juanda. Pada hasil akhir dari analisa busur api dengan menggunakan metode kurva batasan energi didapatkan proses penentuan kategori PPE yang lebih singkat daripada standart IEEE 1584-2002.

  16. Analyzed Using Statistical Moments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oltulu, O.

    2004-01-01

    Diffraction enhanced imaging (DEl) technique is a new x-ray imaging method derived from radiography. The method uses a monorheumetten x-ray beam and introduces an analyzer crystal between an object and a detector Narrow angular acceptance of the analyzer crystal generates an improved contrast over the evaluation radiography. While standart radiography can produce an 'absorption image', DEl produces 'apparent absorption' and 'apparent refraction' images with superior quality. Objects with similar absorption properties may not be distinguished with conventional techniques due to close absorption coefficients. This problem becomes more dominant when an object has scattering properties. A simple approach is introduced to utilize scattered radiation to obtain 'pure absorption' and 'pure refraction' images

  17. PROPOSAL FOR STRATEGIES TO BUILD MISSING FOUNDATIONS OF THE CURRENT MICROFINANCE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARTINA DRAŠAROVÁ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As microfinance approaches the status of mainstream asset class, it inevitably starts to entice Socially Responsible Investment. However, precoscious capital inflow can be detrimental to all players involved. The industry is unprepared for global SRI arena. The gap between different microfinance concepts is widening, while identic terms are being used to describe different contents. The term „microfinance“ continues losing its informative value as divergent development foments nomenclative disorder. Microfinance is becoming too varied to be presented under a single term. MIVs, States and multilateral institutions must therefore in a concerted action impose basis of unified definitions, methodologies and coordinates, otherwise different concepts might mislead international public. The lack of standartized set of definitions, social impact reporting, bankruptcy procedures and evaluation infrastructure, while overstating development benefits can discredit microfinance, once SRI systems open their gates.

  18. MISIR ÇEŞİTLERİNDE FARKLI VİGOR TESTLERİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    TEZCAN, Hatice

    2008-01-01

    Arastırma laboratuar ve tarla kosulları olmak üzere iki asamada 2007-2008 yıllarındayürütülmüstür. Denemede materyal olarak; ülkemizde üretimi yapılan Karaçay, Side,Maverik, Mitic, Bora, Sele, Shemal, RX 770 ve RX 9292 at disi mısır çesitlerikullanılmıstır.Laboratuar asamasında, mısır çesitlerine standart çimlenme testi ve soguk test,kompleks stres vigor testi, çim büyüme oran testi ve iletkenlik testi olmak üzere dörtfarklı vigor testi uygulanmıstır. Tarla denemesi, Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraa...

  19. Study on the determination of uranium by activation analysis with epithermal neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atalla, L.T.

    1977-01-01

    A method is described that is applied to the determination of uranium in different types of materials, either by an entirely instrumental method or with the chemical separation of uranium-239, when the presence of interferences does not allow the instrumental analysis. The advantages and disadvantages in the use of epithermal neutrons in the activation of samples for a more selective activation of uranium-238 also presented. The instrumental method is tested through standart materials, accepted internationally. The possibility of uranium extraction with di-etil-hexilphosphoric acid is also presented and the choice of the former technique is justified. The sensitibility of the method is discussed as well as precision and accuracy through results obtained in the analysis of the standards and the calibration curve of uranium [pt

  20. Determination of boron in water solution by an indirect neutron activation technique from a 241Am/Be source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sales, H.B.

    1981-08-01

    Boron content in water solutions has been analysed by Indirect Activation Technique a twin 241 Am/Be neutron source with a source strength of 9x10 6 n/seg. The boron concentration was inferred from the measurement of the activity induced in a vanadium flux monitor. The vanadium rod was located inside the boron solution in a standart geometrical set up with respect to the neutron source. Boron concentrations in the range of 100 to 1000 ppm were determined with an overall accuracy of about 2% during a total analysis time of about 20 minutes. Eventhough the analysis is not selective for boron yet due the rapid, simple and precise nature, it is proposed for the analysis of boron in the primary coolant circuit of Nuclear Power Plants of PWR type. (Author) [pt

  1. Tutum, Değer Ve Özyeterlik Değişkenlerinin TIMSS-1999 ve TIMSS-2007 Sınavlarında Öğrencilerin Matematik Başarılarını Yordama Düzeyleri

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, Nuri; BARIŞ, Fulya

    2010-01-01

    Bu araştırmada TIMSS–1999 ve TIMSS–2007 uygulamalarına giren Türk öğrencilerin bazı duyuşsalözelliklerinin matematik puanlarını yordama düzeyi incelenmiştir. TIMSS anketlerinde bulunan ve duyuşsalboyutları ölçen; tutum, değer ve öz-yeterlik puanları bağımsız değişken ve öğrencilerin matematik başarıpuanları bağımlı değişken olarak ele alınmıştır. Verilerin analizinde standart çoklu regresyon tekniğindenyararlanılmıştır. Analizler sonucunda, TIMSS-1999 ve TIMSS-2007 sınavlarında öğrencilerin m...

  2. Effluents and releases of tritium from Novo-Voronezh-5 reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Babenko, A.G.; Mekhedov, B.N.; Podporinova, L.E.; Popov, S.V.; Shalin, A.N.

    1990-01-01

    Results of systematic measurements of tritium concentration within technological systems of reactor of Novo-Voronezh NPP conducted to evaluate tritium effluents and releases and radiation doses to population from these effluents and releases are given. It is shown that 68% concerning tritium total amount were disposed into sewerage while 17% - through vent tube and 15% - with water and steam from secondary circuit systems. Standartized tritium effluents from WWER-1000 reactor for 5 year run constitute 15±1.9 GBq/MWxyear and it corresponds to mean value of effluents for foreign NPPs. Tritium concentration in the atmosphere constituted according to calculations (4.1-20)x10 -5 Bq/l. Conclusion is made about insignificant dose to population from tritium gaseous effluents. Detail study is necessary for dose connected with tritium contained in water effluents

  3. Punica granatum L. Çekirdek ve Kabuk Ekstrelerinin Antioksidan Aktiviteleri

    OpenAIRE

    DEMİR, Hülya

    2008-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, Punica granatum L.(Punicaceae) "Nar", meyve çekirdeği ile kabuk ekstraklarının antioksidan aktiviteleri araştırıldı. Punica granatum L. çekirdek ve kabuğunun metanol ve hekzan ekstrelerinde serbest radikal giderme aktivite, indirgenme gücü analizleri yapıldı. Elde edilen sonuçlar standart antioksidan olarak bilinen askorbik asit ile karşılaştırıldı. Bu çalışmada elde edilen sonuçlara göre antioksidan aktivite Askorbik asit> Punica granatum L. kabuğu> Puni...

  4. Effects of different pollination combinations on fruit set in some lemon varieties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülay DEMİR

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Some new lemon varieties and some standart lemon varieties were used as plant material in the planned project. The effects of selfing, crossing and reciprocal crossing methods on fruit set were investigated. The study was carried out in Batı Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute’s fruit department station in 2011-2012 years. In the study, it was determined the effects of self-pollination, naturel open pollination and reciprocal pollination on fruit set of limon varieties (BATEM Pınarı, BATEM Sarısı, Interdonato, Kütdiken, Italyan Memeli, Meyer, Lamas. According to results, İtalyan Memeli lemon with 35.17% was determined the highest rate on account of percentage of fruits at harvest time.

  5. Cytogenetic effects of 48titanium (48ti) on meristematic cells of root tips of lens culinaris med

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sepet, H.; Bozdag, B.

    2014-01-01

    Cytogenetic effects of 48Titanium (48Ti) on meristematic cells of root tips belonging to the plant (Lens culinaris Medik.) have been Investigated. Seeds of the plant, prepared were kept in 48Ti standart for different time period as control during 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 hours. Seeds treated with 48Ti were made sprout and the root tips obtained were prepared for microscopic examination. At the end of the microscopic examinations, some abnormalities as chromosome breakings, chromosome dispersion, bridge chromosome, chromosome adherence, ring chromosome were observed. Abnormalities were seen at each treatment depended on the time periods. Variety and number of abnormality were usually seen to be increasing, depending on the increase of treatment time. The results obtained were evaluated statistically. (author)

  6. ESENSIALITAS METODE STAD (STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION UNTUK PENDALAMAN MATERI BAHASA INDONESIA DI SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurhidayatul hasanah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the presence a portion student that declares for that Indonesian study really palls is fairly, since they have perceived can and forwarding material which unattractive so at second hand student become arrest deep frail that material. As teacher of Indonesian was necessarily feels happening learning problem all this time. So teacher necessarily tries do changes in Indonesian learning at within class. One of change which is done by use of method role play and STAD'S method (Student Teams Achievement division in standart interest converses and reading. In learning Tells hobby, can be done by use of method role play so makes student more active. Method role play understanding language as skill of straightforward speaking with bases student life in masayarakat. Method role play well-matched being applied while teacher does speaking learning with aided with role card.

  7. Thermoluminescence study of quartzite in a gold and uranium mineralized zone (Canavieiras, Jacobina-Bahia)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreira, J.

    1973-01-01

    The quartzite of Canavieiras gold mine (Jacobina-Bahia, Brazil) shows in its natural glow curve, a high temperature. The study of the reproductibility of this peak resulted in the standartization of measurement for grain sizes between 80 and 100 mesh. ''In Situ'' total gamma-ray profiles were made using a scintillation detector for the study the distribution of radioactive elements near the pirite, uranium and gold strike. In the interpretation of the profiles it was possible to shown a positive correlation between thermoluminescence and uranium yields. The thermoluminescence peak is sufficiently high temperature peak to let thermoluminescence accumulate at ambient temperatures. It was used in attempt to estimate the time and the event that enitiated the accumulation of thermoluminescence. The result obtained, (7 - + 4).10 6 years, may correspond to the last heating of the rocks at relatively recent time. (C.D.G.) [pt

  8. ERKEN DÖNEM YAHUDİ KAYNAKLARINA GÖRE TANAH’IN KANONİZE EDİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eldar HASANOĞLU HASANOĞLU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Yahudi  kutsal  kitabı  Tanah’ın  standart  metin  haline  getirilmesi  süreç  içerisinde  gerçekleşmiştir. Erken dönem Yahudi kaynaklarında Tanah’ın içeriğiyle ilgili farklı görüşler geçmektedir. Yahudilikte kanon meselesi asırlar boyunca tartışma konusu olmamıştır. XIX. yüzyıldan itibaren kanonizasyonun ne zaman gerçekleştiği konusunda farklı görüşler dile getirilmiştir. Bir kitabın kanonik  listeye  alınması  sırasında  rabbiler  tarafından  dile  getirilen  söylemlerde  dinî,  mezhepsel  ve asabiyetçi  kaygıların  hâkim  olduğu  görülmektedir.  Bu  çalışmanın  amacı  erken  dönem  Yahudi kaynaklarda  Tanah’ın  standart  metni  ve  rabbilerin  kanon  algısı  meselelerini  tanıtmak,  XIX -XX. yüzyıla ait kanonizasyonla ilgili görüşleri sunmaktır. Sonuç kısmında kanonizasyonla ilgili kanaatimiz beyan edilmiştir.

  9. Risk Assessment of Total Coliform in X WTP’s Water Production Using Failure Mode And Effect Analysis Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bella Apriliani Amanda

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The greatest risk of drinking water supply is a failure to provide safe drinking water for communities. Based on IPA Kedunguling testing report on March 2016 noted that sample exceeding the quality standart of Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI No 492/2010 for the total coliform quality standart. The presence of total coliforms indicating water contamination by pathogen means the water is not safe to consume. The disinfection process has an importance rule in pathogen inactivation. Disinfectant performance is influenced by temperature, pH, turbidity, and the presence of organic materials. One way to control the quality of water produced by using a risk management approach Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA methods. The potential risks should be measured to determine causes of the problems and find the appropriate risk reduction. The risk assessment is using Risk Priority Number (RPN scale as a basis prioritization of remedial action on issues. Based on identification and risk analysis using FMEA known that the greatest risk of failure is the stipulation of chlorine dose and organic substances (category of high risk level; residual chlorine (category of moderate risk level; turbidity and pH (very low risk level category. Improvement proposal that can be done to reduce total coliforms presence in IPA Kedunguling is by increasing residual chlorine to 0.6 mg/l, set a daily chlorine level, controlling DBPs forming by lowering the concentration of organic precursor using granular activated carbon (GAC or aeration, by lowering the dose of disinfectant, set aside DBPs after the compound is formed using granular activated carbon (GAC, turbidity and pH monitoring, and regularly washing the filters

  10. PSO, CS ve FA Algoritmalarıyla Ortak Emiterli BJT'li Yükselteç Tasarımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Erhan ÇİMEN

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Özet. BJT’lerin, elektronik devrelerde önemli bir yeri olan yükselteçlerde kullanımı hala popülerliğini korumaktadır. Diğer taraftan, BJT’li yükselteçlerin istenilen karakteristiklerde tasarlanması önemli bir problemdir. Özellikle standart eleman değerleri ile istenilen yükselteç özelliklerini sağlamak için klasik tasarım yöntemlerini kullanmak önemli bir işlem yükü ve aşırı zaman kaybına neden olur. Bunun yanı sıra, elde edilen sonuçlarda, istenilen karakteristiklerden bir veya birkaçının elde edilememesi ihtimali de vardır. Yine, değişen bir parametre için yukarıda sayılan işlem yükünün tekrarlanması da gerekecektir.Bu çalışmada, bu probleme çözüm olarak ortak emiterli bir BJT’li yükseltecin standart eleman değerleri kullanarak tasarımı, Cuckoo Search, Parçacık Sürü Optimizasyonu ve Ateşböceği algoritmaları kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Yine elde edilen sonuçlar karşılaştırmalı olarak sunulmuştur. Bu algoritmalar sayesinde geleneksel yönteme göre işlem yükleri ortandan kalkmış ve yükseltecin istenilen karakteristikte çalışması için gereken standart eleman değerleri, belirlenen hata oranının altında seçilmiştir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Yükselteç Tasarımı, PSO, Cuckoo Search, FireFly, Optimizasyon Abstract. Basic purpose in the amplifier circuits design is to solve and select the standard component values for obtaining  the desired circuit characteristics. If the classical design methods are selected then the process will take long time and need a lot of mathematical efforts. As a solution of these problems, in this work Cuckoo Search Algorithm, Partical Swarm Optimization Algorithm and FireFly Algorithm are proposed to determine the standard components values, which are in the market, for Common-Emiter Amplifier. Also, comparisons of the obtained results are given. By those algorithms, required mathematical efforts are reduced substantially. In

  11. Medicīnas vēsturei veltītajam krējumam Из истории медицины apritēja pusgadsimts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Grāvere

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 1957. gadā Latvijas PSR Zinātņu Akadēmijas izdevniecība laida klajā rakstu krājuma "Из истории медицины" ("Ieskats medicīnas vēsturē" pirmo sējumu krievu valodā. Tā iznākšanu kopīgiem spēkiem veicināja Latvijas PSR Veselības aizsardzības ministrija, Eksperimentālās medicīnas institūts un Latvijas PSR Zinātņu akadēmija. Redkolēģijā bija akadēmiķis P. Stradiņš, A. Šmits un medicīnas zinātņu kandidāts K. G. Vasiļjevs. Krājums tika komplektēts no 1953. līdz 1956. gadam, pirmajā, kā vēlāk rakstīs, "neizdevušās perestroikas" mēģinājuma laikā. Tas bija pirmais Latvijā iznākušais rakstu krājums par medicīnas vēsturi. Lai gan medicīnas vēstures studijas un pētniecība Latvijā aizsākās vēl 20. gs. sākumā un uzplauka 30. gados, tomēr tieši šis diezgan sarežģītā laikā tapušais rakstu krājums, kurš 1992. gadā pārtapa principiāli jaunā izdevumā Acta Medico-Historica Rigensia,lielā mērā veidoja to medicīnas vēstures pamatu, no kura var atskatīties uz šīsmedicīnas nozares attīstību un panākumiem. Turklāt daļa krājumā ievietoto pētījumu rada praktisko piepildījumu Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzejaekspozīcijās un izstādēs.

  12. [Investigation of bacterial and viral etiology in community acquired central nervous system infections with molecular methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahraman, Hasip; Tünger, Alper; Şenol, Şebnem; Gazi, Hörü; Avcı, Meltem; Örmen, Bahar; Türker, Nesrin; Atalay, Sabri; Köse, Şükran; Ulusoy, Sercan; Işıkgöz Taşbakan, Meltem; Sipahi, Oğuz Reşat; Yamazhan, Tansu; Gülay, Zeynep; Alp Çavuş, Sema; Pullukçu, Hüsnü

    2017-07-01

    In this multicenter prospective cohort study, it was aimed to evaluate the bacterial and viral etiology in community-acquired central nervous system infections by standart bacteriological culture and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Patients hospitalized with central nervous system infections between April 2012 and February 2014 were enrolled in the study. Demographic and clinical information of the patients were collected prospectively. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of the patients were examined by standart bacteriological culture methods, bacterial multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-B ACE Detection (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Group B streptococci) and viral multiplex PCR (Seeplex meningitis-V1 ACE Detection kits herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV1), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and human herpes virus 6 (HHV6)) (Seeplex meningitis-V2 ACE Detection kit (enteroviruses)). Patients were classified as purulent meningitis, aseptic meningitis and encephalitis according to their clinical, CSF (leukocyte level, predominant cell type, protein and glucose (blood/CSF) levels) and cranial imaging results. Patients who were infected with a pathogen other than the detection of the kit or diagnosed as chronic meningitis and other diseases during the follow up, were excluded from the study. A total of 79 patients (28 female, 51 male, aged 42.1 ± 18.5) fulfilled the study inclusion criteria. A total of 46 patients were classified in purulent meningitis group whereas 33 were in aseptic meningitis/encephalitis group. Pathogens were detected by multiplex PCR in 41 patients. CSF cultures were positive in 10 (21.7%) patients (nine S.pneumoniae, one H.influenzae) and PCR were positive for 27 (58.6%) patients in purulent meningitis group. In this group one type of bacteria were detected in 18 patients (14 S.pneumoniae, two N

  13. STUDI DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN PEMBENIHAN IKAN LAUT TERHADAP PENURUNAN KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN DI KECAMATAN GEROKGAK KABUPATEN BULELENG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suko Ismi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to investigate influence of marine fish hatchery to degradation environmentalquality in Gerokgak District, measurement was done through physical, chemical and microbiologycal analysis.Thesample was taken from 17 stations well water, and 8 stations sea water with 2 stations coming from water discard marinefish hatchery of Gondol Orchard. Data analysis of wells water to campare with water quality standart category I and seawater comparing with the live for animal sea water according to Regulation of The Governor Bali No. 8 Year 2007. Seawater pollutan level was counted through index of diversity and integrated score, to know the resemblance physical andchemical caracteristic among station was analysis by cluster.Result of the research indicates that some parameters of wells water have passed standart water quality namely :Salinity, BOD5, nitrit, phospat, iron , mangan, copper, zink, cobalt, cadmium, dan bacteria coliform feces content. Clusteranalysis wells water if we classify into 3 groups namely first group station 2, 4, 5, 8 until 17, the location of wells 2, 4 and5 near for hatcheries but have resemblance caracteristic with wells far for hatcheries that is station 8-17. Second groupstation 3, 6 and 7 have location near hatcheries and third group station 1 only near hatcheries location. Nearness betweenstation on one group caused resemblace caracteristic, although different wells distance. Parameters sea water have passedstandart water quality namely : nitrat and phospat. Can be found 21 genus plankton from 6 phylum with composition 61%Bacillariophyta, 5% Cyanophyta, 10% Protozoa, 5% Ctenophora, 14% Arthropoda. Index diversity (H’ 0.078 – 1.968 itindicates about medium to high pollution, index uniformities (E 0,033 – 0,473 its means that uniformities low tomedium, index domination (C 0,167 – 0,974 it’s meaning have domination partial of plankton a low until high. Integrated score rate have value 4,63

  14. Analisa Kenyamanan Kendaraan Roda Dua dengan Pemodelan Pengendara sebagai Sistem Multi D.O.F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chika Olviani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sepeda motor merupakan sarana transportasi yang digunakan oleh sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia untuk jarak dekat maupun jauh. Seseorang yang mengendarai sepeda motor akan merasakan getaran yang berasal dari ketidakrataan profil jalan. Getaran tersebut akan ditransfer oleh sistem suspensi melalui bodi kendaraan ke tubuh pengendara. Hal tersebut dapat menimbulkan kelelahan pada pengendara sepeda motor jika terjadi dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama. Oleh karena itu faktor kenyamanan sangat penting untuk diperhatikan agar terhindar dari akibat fatal karena kelelahan yaitu kecelakaan. Secara garis besar penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pemodelan pengendara sepeda motor yang diberi input eksitasi (amplitudo jalan dan kecepatan kendaraan yang bervariasi. Pemodelan pengendara dan sepeda motor dilakukan dengan sistem 8 derajat kebebasan yang terdiri dari massa roda depan, massa roda belakang, massa bodi motor, massa paha, massa lower torso, massa upper torso, dan massa kepala. Dari model matematis dibuat persamaan gerak dari sistem, state variable dari model, dibuat blok diagram, kemudian disimulasikan dan dianalisa hasilnya. Dari hasil simulasi didapatkan nilai percepatan maksimum pada tubuh pengendara  karena pemberian input harmonik minimum sebesar 0.01 m pada kecepatan maksimal (80 km/jam, nilai RMS percepatan tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berturut-turut adalah 0.4906 m/s2, 0.5451 m/s2, 0.5092 m/s2, dan 0.5145 m/s2. Kemudian pemberian input harmonik maksimal sebesar 0.03 m pada kecepatan maksimal (80 km/jam, nilai RMS percepatan  tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berturut-turut adalah 1.472 m/s2, 1.635 m/s2, 1.528 m/s2, dan 1.544 m/s2. Berdasarkan ISO 2631, nilai percepatan hasil simulasi pada kecepatan 20 km/jam pada semua input tubuh pengendara dari paha, lower torso, upper torso dan kepala berada di bawah standart kenyamanan. Sedangkan pada kecepatan 50 km/jam dan 80 km/jam pada

  15. SENSITIVITY AND SPECIFICITY OF MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY DSSE10 IN HEAD SQUASH TOXORHYNCHITES SPLENDENS USING IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL PEROXIDASE TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tika Fiona Sari

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Dengue virus are transmitted from human to human by the bites of infective female Aedesmosquitoes from subgenus Stegomyia. One of the way to detect Dengue virus antigen is by usingimmunohistochemical technique. This method was reported to detect dengue vims antigen in lowlevels. The aims of this study is to measure sensitivity and specificity of monoclonal antibodyDSSE10 using SBPC to detect antigen Dengue virus in head squash Toxorhynchites splendenswere infected with dengue patient serum and RT-PCR as gold standart. Artificially-infected Tx.splendens mosquitoes with serum positif dengue virus were used as infectious samples and noninfectedTx. splendens mosquitoes were used as control negative. The immunohistochemichalSBPC assay using monoclonal antibody DSSE10 then applied in mosquitoes head squash todetect Dengue vims antigen. RT-PCR as a gold standart was applied in each mosquito thorax.The result were analyzed by descriptive stasistic test and 2x2 diagnostic test table. Monoclonalantibody DSSE10 using immunohistochemical SBPC assay in head squash Tx. splendens wasgave sensitivity 87,09% and specificity 92,5%. Conclussion of this study is DSSE10 Monoclonalantibodies can be used as primary antibodies for the detection of dengue vims antigen inmosquito head squashKeywords: Dengue viruses, SBPC, antibodies DSSE10, head squash, Toxorhynchitessplendens' Virus Dengue ditularkan dari orang ke orang melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes dari subgenusStegomyia. Salah satu cara untuk mendeteksi antigen vims Dengue adalah dengan menggunakanteknik imunohistokimia. Metode imunohistokimia dilaporkan dapat mendeteksi antigen vimsDengue dalam kadar yang rendah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melakukan evaluasi sensitivitasdan spesifitas antibodi monoklonal DSSE10 dengan metode imunohistokimia Streptavidin BiotinPeroxidase Complex (SBPC untuk mendeteksi antigen Dengue melalui scdiaan head squashnyamuk Toxorhynchites splendens yang diinfeksi dengan scrum penderita

  16. Optimalisasi Network Gain Jaringan Digital Melalui Pemanfaatan Kombinasi SFN Dan MFN Di Pulau Jawa Dengan Metode Monte Carlo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novita Purwaningsih

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak - Teknologi penyiaran analog saat ini mulai ditinggalkan. Indonesia saat ini sedang melakukan proses transisi untuk berpindah ke tv digital dengan standart DVB-T2 dan merencanakan analog switch off pada tahun 2018. Banyaknya jumlah pemancar, coverage kurang besar, dan persen coverage yang rendah merupakan indikator dari network gain yang kurang optimal. Pada tugas akhir ini dilakukan optimalisasi network gain tujuannya adalah agar coverage pemancar lebih optimal, persen coverage meningkat, dan bisa mengurangi jumlah pemancar sehingga menghemat biaya implementasi. Untuk optimalisasi network gain digunakan metode monte carlo dengan cara melakukan proses selection atau combine pada daerah yang menerima sinyal lebih dari satu. Dari simulasi yang telah dilakukan, optimasi dengan metode monte carlo menunjukkan hasil persentase coverage yang paling bagus yaitu 71.96% dan yang paling buruk zona 7 yaitu 58,81% untuk skala nasional zona 4. Jumlah pemancar dapat dikurangi sebanyak 3 pemancar dari total 33 pemancar yang ada, pemancar yang dapat dihilangkan adalah pemancar di kota Magelang di zona 6 dan Sumedang dan Majalengka di zona 5. Nilai rata-rata persen coverage di seluruh zona adalah 52.7% dan hasil optimalisasi telah melampaui nilai rata-rata yaitu 64.35%.

  17. PENERAPAN GAMIFICATION CASHFLOW SEBAGAI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN PENGELOLAAN KEUANGAN PRIBADI PADA ANAK USIA DASAR (STUDI KASUS: SDN PLUMPUNG 1 PLAOSAN MAGETAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Maryanto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Belajar mengelola keuangan pribadi bukan hanya dipahami oleh orang dewasa saja, namun sejak dini anak-anak perlu berlatih mengatur keuangan pribadi agar mencapai kesejahteraan mandiri dalam kehidupannya kelak. Pada Sekolah Dasar kelas 3 terdapat materi pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial dengan Standart Kompetensi Cara Mengelola Uang. Dalam penyampaian materi pelajaran tersebut, guru masih menggunakan teknik konvensional dengan metode ceramah, sehingga siswa kurang fokus dalam menerima materi pelajaran. Penelitian ini merancang permainan cashflow dengan konsep gamifikasi dan menggunakan MDE Framework. Permainan cashflow ini berupa monopoli yang dimodifikasi sesuai dengan tema cara mengelola uang. Dalam monopoli ini terdapat kartu soal A dan kartu soal B dengan kode QR (Quick Response. Hasil penelitian bahwa (1 Analisis pengolahan data terhadap Ahli Materi diperoleh hasil : 94 persen Valid dan analisis pengolahan data terhadap Ahli Media diperoleh 91,3 persen Valid; (2 Uji penerapan di kelas tanpa game diperoleh nilai rata-rata sebesar 76,5 dan kelas menggunakan game diperoleh nilai rata-rata sebesar 91; (3 Uji penerapan game dengan konsep gamifikasi diperoleh 1 siswa berhasil memperoleh skor tertinggi (150-200 point, 9 siswa berhasil memperoleh skor (100-150 point, 4 siswa berhasil memperoleh skor (50-100 point, dan 6 siswa memperoleh skor (0-50 point.

  18. The Content Analysis, Material Presentation, and Readability of Curriculum 2013 Science Textbook for 1st Semester of Junior High School 7th Grade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endik Deni Nugroho

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on the early observation by researchers of the two Science textbooks 7thGrade about biological material, 1stand 2ndsemester of curriculum 2013, there were errors in the material presentation and legibility. This study aimed to compare and find the contents suitability of the book based on standard of competence and basic competences, readability, materials presentation and supporting material in the science textbook VII grade, 1st and 2nd semester and measured student legibility. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach by using document analysis. The data resources were obtained by using purposive, the data collection was triangulation, data analysis was inductive/qualitative and the results emphasized the meaning. This research results showed that the Integrated Sciences and Sciences textbook 1st and 2nd semester meet the standards of the core competencies and basic competence on the syllabus curriculum 2013 and also meet the books standart. The results of the analysis conducted in misstatement concept and principles and material llustration in the Integrated Science textbook 1st semester were found 5 misstatement concept, for the presentation of the principles and material illustration was found no error. In the book Integrated Sciences there was no delivery errors concept, principle, and material illustration. Science textbook 1st semester found 8 concepts misstatements and 8 illustration material misstatements. In general, Integrated Sciences and Sciences textbooks 1st and 2nd semester are illegibility so not appropriate for students.

  19. Evaluation of Forty-Nine Patients with Abdominal Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Kilic

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Abdominal tuberculosis is an uncommon form of extrapulmonary infection. In this study, we aimed to highlight the nonspecific clinical presentations and diagnostic difficulties of abdominal tuberculosis. Material and Method: Clinical features, diagnostic methods, and the therapeutic outcomes of 49 patients diagnosed as abdominal tuberculosis between 2003 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The patients were classified into four subgroups including peritoneal (28, nodal (14, intestinal (5, and solid organ tuberculosis (2. The most frequent symptoms were abdominal pain, abdominal distention and fatique. Ascites appeared to be the most frequent clinical finding. Ascites and enlarged abdominal lymph nodes were the most frequent findings on ultrasonography and tomography. Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis was mainly depended on histopathology of ascitic fluid and biopsies from peritoneum, abdominal lymph nodes or colonoscopic materials. Forty patients healed with standart 6-month therapy while extended treatment for 9-12 months was needed in 8 whom had discontinued drug therapy and had persistent symptoms and signs. One patient died within the treatment period due to disseminated infection. Discussion: The diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis is often difficult due to diverse clinical presentations. The presence of ascites, personal/familial/contact history of tuberculosis, and coexisting active extraabdominal tuberculosis are the most significant marks in diagnosis. Diagnostic laparoscopy and tissue sampling seem to be the best diagnostic approach for abdominal tuberculosis.

  20. PROCESS APPROACH IN MANAGEMENT OF ACTIVITY LOGISTIC OPERATOR OF WAREHOUSE SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goryacheva Natalia Evgenievna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article methodological and practical aspects of improvement of activity of the logistic operator of warehouse services on the basis of use of a process approach in management of the organization are considered. The object of the research is justification of necessity of process approach’s in logistic operation’s activity and development of algorithm of their work at clients’ business processes and approbation of assessment technique of logistics service efficiency. Scientific novelty of this article is that it is the first time when models of business processes of warehouse logistics one developed. Also algorithmization and standartization are carried out and indicators of an assessment of efficiency of rendered logistic service are developed. Use of process approach in logistics operator activity gives him powerful advantages in competitive rivalry. The increase of efficiency of logistic operator’s commercial activity (LLC Company «Logy Log» Nizhny Novgorod after the transition in management from functions to processes fully confirms this statement. Consolidation of logistic operator’s positions in different functional areas becomes an incentive to development of logistics and as a result to reduction of costs at delivery of industrial freights and consumer goods to the final user.

  1. PROCESS APPROACH IN MANAGEMENT OF ACTIVITY LOGISTIC OPERATOR OF WAREHOUSE SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталья Евгеньевна Горячева

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present article methodological and practical aspects of improvement of activity of the logistic operator of warehouse services on the basis of use of a process approach in management of the organization are considered.The object of the research is justification of necessity of process approach’s in logistic operation’s activity and development of algorithm of their work at clients’ business processes and approbation of assessment technique of logistics service efficiency.Scientific novelty of this article is that it is the first time when models of business processes of warehouse logistics one developed. Also algorithmization and standartization are carried out and indicators of an assessment of efficiency of rendered logistic service are developed.Use of process approach in logistics operator activity gives him powerful advantages in competitive rivalry. The increase of efficiency of logistic operator’s commercial activity (LLC Company «Logy Log» Nizhny Novgorod after the transition in management from functions to processes fully confirms this statement.Consolidation of logistic operator’s positions in different functional areas becomes an incentive to development of logistics and as a result to reduction of costs at delivery of industrial freights and consumer goods to the final user.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-3-30

  2. Bazı Çemen (Trigonella foenum-graecum Hatlarında Yağ ve Yağ Asitleri Bileşenlerinin Araştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Küçük

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Ankara Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü’nde geliştirilen 7 çemen hattının ve 1 standart çeşidin yağ oranları ve yağ asidi bileşenleri araştırılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, yağ oranları %4.01 ile %5.89 arasında değişim göstermiştir. Çemen hatlarında en yüksek yağ asidi olarak linoleik asit bulunmuş, bunu sırasıyla linolenik, oleik ve miristik asitler izlemiştir. Ortalama değerler olarak %44.64 linoleik asit, %23.12 linolenik asit, %19.34 oleik ve %10.24 miristik asit değerleri elde edilmiştir.

  3. Jember Fashion Carnaval (JFC Dalam Industri Pariwisata Di Kabupaten Jember

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandra Ayu Proborini

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Fenomena Jember Fashion Carnaval (JFC yang terjadi di Kabupaten Jember menjadi salah satu latar belakang dilakukannya penelitian ini. Jember yang mempunyai latar belakang masyarakat pandalungan, diantara masyarakatnya terbentuk sebuah karnaval fashion yang saat ini dikenal hingga dunia. Fenomena ini menjadi hal yang menarik, karena Jember tidak mempunyai riwayat sejarah fashion dan dikenal dengan kota santri. JFC yang diprakarsai oleh Dynand Fariz telah menunjukkan eksistensinya selama 14 tahun dan telah berhasil merubah Jember menjadi kota karnaval tingkat dunia. Selain itu JFC menjadi barometer karnaval fashion di Indonesia karena menginspirasi daerah lain untuk membuat karnaval yang serupa. JFC memamer- kan busana hasil kreativitas dari peserta yang mengikutinya. Peserta diberikan pelatihan untuk membuat dan memperagakan busana. Adanya proses pelatihan tersebut bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kreativitas peserta sehingga dapat membuat busana yang memiliki standart keindahan tersendiri. Proses tersebut secara tidak langsung membuat JFC mengalami proses komodifikasi, yaitu JFC bertransformasi menjadi event yang layak jual. Berdasarkan latar belakang yang telah diungkapkan, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tumbuh dan berkembangnya JFC diantara masyarakat Jember. Adapun secara spesifik mengkaji tentang latar belakang sosial budaya terbentuknya JFC sebagai industri pariwisata di Kabupaten Jember. Hasil pene- litian ini menunjukkan bahwa Jember memiliki ciri khas kultural serta modal yang mendukung tumbuh dan berkembangnya JFC di Jember, sehingga Jember dapat bersaing dengan daerah lain dalam ranah sektor pariwisata.Abstrak memuat uraian singkat mengenai masalah dan tujuan penelitian, metode yang diguna- kan, dan hasil penelitian. Tekanan penulisan abstrak terutama pada hasil penelitian.

  4. Analisa PerfomaMotor Diesel Berbahan Bakar Komposisi Campuran Antara Minyak Tuak Dengan Minyak Diesel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Isnaini

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Solar merupakan salah satu jenis minyak bumi yang berasal dari fosil dan diperkirakan akan habis dalam jangka beberapa tahun kedepan. Selain itu, solar juga melepaskan gas-gas antara lain karbon dioksida(CO2, nitrogen oksida (NOx,dan sulfur dioksida (SO2 yang menyebabkan pencemaran udara. Untuk mengantisipasi semakin menipisnya cadangan minyak bumi dan semakin meningkatnya pencemaran udara, dilakukan upaya penelitian terhadap bahan bakar alternatif. Penelitian ini mendiskusikan secara detail tentang perbandingan antara bio solar dengan bahan bakar emulsi 10% minyak tuak melalui proses  pengujian peforma motor diesel yang meliputi torsi, daya dan kebutuhan bahan bakar spesifik serta kadar nilai NOx yang terkandung dalam kedua bahan bakar dan disesuaikan dengan standar nilai dari IMO (International Marine Organization yang tertera dalam MARPOL Annex IV Regulation 13 mengatakan untuk motor diesel dengan putaran diatas 2000 rpm, maka kadar NOx yang diperbolehkan tidak kurang dari 7,7 g/kWh. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terhadap peforma motor bahan bakar emulsi 10% minyak tuak lebih baik dibandingkan bio solar sedangkan terhadap pengujian emisi bio solar lebih baik dari pada emulsi 10% minyak tuak dan dari standart IMO kedua bahan bakar ini masih memenuhi toleransi berat Nox.

  5. MAT FOR LEPTOSPIROSIS DIAGNOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esti Rahardianingtyas.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacterial infection leptospira interrogans.Leptospira bacteria is a spiral bacterium with solid strands with two flagella periplasmik.Septicaemic phase patient samples taken from the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, whereassamples taken at phase immune extracted from urine. The diagnosis of leptospirosis occurdirectly or indirectly. Diagnosis is done by directly isolate and identify the causative agents ofthe agent. Diagnosis is done indirectly by detecting specific antibodies from the patient's body.Gold Standard of the diagnosis of leptospirosis is MAT. Mat made by reacting antibodies toleptospira antigen. Positive results seen with clump formed.Key words: Leptospirosis, Leptospirosis Diagnostic, MAT (Microscopic Agglutination Test Leptospirosis merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan karena infeksi bakteri leptospirainterrogans. Bakteri leptospira merupakan bakteri spiral dengan untaian yang padat dengan duaflagella periplasmik. Sampel pasien pada fase septicaemic diambil dari darah dan cairanserebrospinal, sedangkan sampel yang diambil pada fase immune diambil dari urine. Diagnosisleptospirosis dilakukan secara langsung maupun tidak langsung. Diagnosis secara langsungdilakukan dengan cara mengisolasi agen penyebab dan mengidentifikasi agen tersebut. Diagnosissecara tidak langsung dilakukan dengan cara mendeteksi antibodi spesiflk dari dalam tubuhpasien. Gold Standart dari diagnosis leptospirosis adalah MAT. Mat dilakukan dengan caramereaksikan antibodi dengan antigen leptospira. Hasil positif dilihat dengan terbentuk gumpalanagglutinasiKata kunci: Leptospirosis, Leptospira, Leptospirosis Diagnosis.

  6. IMPLEMENTASI PENDEKATANLEAN SIX SIGMAUNTUK PENINGKATAN MUTU LULUSAN (STUDI PADA PPS. MMP UKSW SALATIGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meylani Aljeinie Tijow

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the implementation of Lean Six Sigma in this study is to improve the graduates’ quality of PPs. MMP UKSW. Although PPs. MMP UKSW has an A accreditation, there are some graduates that graduated through a long study period that exceed the ideal standart. The method that used is DMAIC methodology (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improvement, Control with the quality indicator based on accreditation assessment of master degree. The data is collected by FGD (Focus Group Discussion and analyzed by fishbone diagram and 5Whys. The result showed that beside the length of study period, the main problem of graduates’ quality of PPs. MMP UKSW is the lack of alumnis’ participation. The root problem of study period is focused on how the student are wasting the time to wait writing the proposal or thesis, while the root problems for alumnis’ participation is because of their busy job. Based on those findings, there are 7 strategies for institution to improve the quality of graduates.

  7. Penentuan Lokasi DG dan Kapasitor Bank dengan Rekonfigurasi Jaringan Untuk Memperoleh Rugi Daya Minimal Pada Sistem Distribusi Radial Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridho Fuaddi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jaringan distribusi yang paling umum digunakan ialah sistem dengan bentuk radial. Sistem ini memiliki bentuk yang sederhana serta biaya investasinya yang terbilang murah. Namun, kualitas pelayanan dayanya relatif buruk yang terjadi akibat adanya rugi daya pada saluran yang cukup besar. Hal itu terjadi karena jaringan distribusi yang merupakan ujung dari saluran transmisi memiliki perbandingan rasio R/X yang tinggi sehingga mengakibatkan rugi daya yang besar. Terdapat beberapa cara untuk mengurangi rugi daya pada jaringan distribusi yakni dengan menggunakan rekonfigurasi jaringan, pemasangan kapasitor bank dan pemasangan unit distributed generation (DG pada sistem distribusi. Pada tugas akhir ini, algoritma genetika merupakan metode yang digunakan untuk memecahkan suatu pencarian nilai dalam masalah optimasi penentuan lokasi DG dan kapasitor bank serta rekonfigurasi jaringan yang tepat untuk mendapatkan rugi daya yang paling minimal. Dari hasil pengujian yang telah dilakukan pada penelitian ini, diperoleh perbaikan rugi daya nyata paling optimal sebesar 94,92 % terhadap kondisi awal sistem distribusi radial 33-bus standart IEEE melalui penggabungan pemasangan DG dan kapasitor bank serta rekonfigurasi jaringan.

  8. A new technique for endoscopic treatment of gastric phytobezoars: fragmentation using guidewire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senturk, O; Hulagu, S; Celebi, A; Korkmaz, U; Duman, A E; Dindar, G; Bozkurt, N; Yilmaz, H; Ozturkler, M; Can, B; Batman, A

    2014-12-01

    Bezoars result from accumulation of indigestible materials in the gastrointestinal tract and often occur in the stomach. In this study, we evaluated the use of guidewires in patients with gastric phytobezoars (PBs) as a new method for PB removal and examined the safety of the procedure. Between February 2009 and January 2013, we analyzed data from 11 patients with gastric PBs. We fitted a transparent cap to a standard endoscope (EG450WR5, Fujinon), and a 0.025 inch guidewire was passed through the standart endoscope. PBs were surrounded by a loop in the guidewire and destroyed. After 2 weeks of treatment, patients were re-evaluated for effectiveness. PB fragmentation time was 5-11 minutes. In five patients with a history of gastric surgery, we needed an additional 16-28 minutes for removal of the fragments. In six patients additionally treated with enzymatic degradation after the breaking procedure, PBs completely disappeared within 2 weeks. There were no complications during the procedure. The guidewire and fragmentation procedure for PBs is an efficient and reliable method. When combined with enzymatic degradation, PBs can be managed quickly and effectively.

  9. Design of heart rate monitor based on piezoelectric sensor using an Arduino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setyowati, Veni; Muninggar, Jodelin; Shanti. N. A, Made R. S.

    2017-01-01

    Reading of result heart rate using an acoustic stethoscope needs a particular skill, quiet environment, and hearing sensitivity. This project had the purpose design of a user-friendly automatic heart rate monitor and especially in a noisy area which to eliminate problems and incorrect reading of result. The liquid crystal display shows a heart rate as a result of measurements. The design of the heart rate monitor has two main parts; the signal recorder that a piezoelectric sensor, a filter, and an amplifier as recorder. The second parts was Arduino microcontroller with reinforced. Besides, three supporting buttons provided as the manual switches, the ‘on’, the ‘start’, and ‘reset’ buttons. The values acquired from the heart rate monitor indicate that those were on the Vernier BPS-BTA value range. The measurement error factor of the heart rate monitor then compared to the Vernier BPS-BTA test device was 3.15%. Besides, the value of statistical independent-test indicates that there is no significant difference (P = 0.971) between the heart rate monitor device and the Vernier BPS-BTA. In conclusion, this device was ready to be used because it has almost the same accuracy with the standart device.

  10. The effect of simultaneously performed cognitive task and physical exercise on pressure pain threshold and tolerance in athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliye GÜNDOĞDU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the alterations of the pain threshold and tolerance after single, or dual task in athletes. Twenty male athletes and twenty non - athletic, recreationally active college students were participated in the study. Subjects w ere asked to perform Harvard step test (single task, and cognitive task was concurrent performance of an arithmetic task while performing Harvard step test. Pressure pain threshold (PPT and pressure pain tolerance (PPTO were assessed from muscle, tendon , bone and myofascial region from the dominant thigh by using a digital algometer. All measurements were repeated at rest, or following single and dual task. Results are presented as mean + standart deviation. Data were analyzed by using repeated measures of ANOVA test. A level of p<0.05 was accepted statistical significant. Athletes had higher PPT and PPTO measurements from muscle and myofascial region of thigh at rest. PPT and PPTO values were increased after single, or dual task in sedentary subjects, w hile athletic subjects had increased muscle and myofascial PPT and PPTO values after dual task. In conclusion, our results supports the notion that cognitive functions may interact the pain processing at rest, or following exercise in athletes.

  11. E-Book Technology and Its Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Rukancı

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The book industry that showed extraordinary development with the invention of printing machine by Johann Gutenberg during the 1450’s is constantly changing along with new telecommunication and information technologies. The most re- cent evolution in the book and publishing industry is electronic books. E-book technology supported by hardware, software and standart protocols and some of its advantage and disadvantages had produced e-book readers that became un- separable part of our academic and daily life. E-books, in recent years, has be­came more widespread in the areas of publishing, education and information ser­vices and are reaching larger user groups. It is expected that this new technology will change our way of information acquisition and dissemination. This seems unavoidable despite the views of those who argue that e-books cannot be an al­ternative to printed books. Widespread of e-books will be added a new dimensi­on to technical and user services in information centers.

  12. FINDIK KABUKLARININ, ÇAY VE TÜTÜN ATIKLARININ HAMMADDE OLARAK KULLANILMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ş. İsmail KIRBAŞLAR

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, fındık kabukları, çay ve tütün atıklarındaki nem, kül, yağ ve sellüloz miktarları analiz edilmiştir. Ayrıca, fındık kabukları, çay ve tütün atıklarının içerdiği pentosan, pentos ve furfural miktarları belirlenmiştir. Furfural her üç atıktan destilasyon metoduyla ayrılmıştır. Atıklardan ayrılan furfural örneklerinin IRspektrumları ile standart furfuralin IR-spektrumları karşılaştırılmıştır. Fındık kabuklarından farklı sıcaklıklarda aktif karbon elde edilmiştir. Bu aktif karbon kullanılarak organik ve anarganik atıklar adsorbsiyonla uzaklaştırılmıştır.

  13. Sıvı Ferment Yöntemiyle Ekmek Üretiminde Laktik Kültür Katkısının Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem Elgün

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada standart ve kaliteli ekmek üretiminde en yaygın olarak kullanılan sponge hamur yöntemiyle üretilen beyaz ekmeğe ve geleneksel ekmek yapım metodu direkt hamur yöntemine alternatif bir yöntem olan Sıvı Ferment Sistemi ile üretilen ekmeklere laktik kültür katkısının etkisi araştırılmıştır. Sıvı ferment sisteminin uygulanması sırasında, fermente (ön hamur 1 günlük yoğurt, yoğurt bakterilerinden Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus lactis aşılanması oldukça iyi sonuçlar vermiş olup, üretilen ekmeklerde; yapım süresinde kısalma, ekmek özelliklerinde düzelme ve en önemlisi nötr ekmek tadını muhafaza eden aromatik bir profil elde edilmiştir.

  14. Open-longitudinal study of the effect of dissociative symptoms on the response of patients with panic disorder to venlafaxine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ural, Cenk; Belli, Hasan; Tabo, Abdulkadir; Akbudak, Mahir

    2015-02-01

    The relationship between Panic Disorder (PD) and dissociation is well known. In this study we aimed to investigate whether or not dissociative experiences affect the response to PD drug treatment. For this purpose, standart dose of venlafaxine was preferred for treatment. 63 patients with PD were included in the study. Venlafaxine treatment with increasing dose was administered to each patient during a 10-week period. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) and the Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q) were applied to the patients at the beginning of the study. Patients were divided into two groups based on DIS-Q scores. PDSS was applied again to both groups at the end of 10-week treatment. No difference between sociodemographic data and PDSS scores of two groups - patients with low DIS-Q scores (2.5) - was found at the beginning. At the end of the study, a significant decrease in PDSS scores measured in both groups was detected. However, the decrease in PDSS score for the group with lower DIS-Q score was at a higher percentage (z=-3.822, p=0.0001). These results depict that dissociative symptoms accompanying PD affect psychopharmacological treatment in a negative way. Reevaluation of dissociative symptoms at the beginning and end of treatment would help in planning personal therapy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. ANALISIS IT GOVERNANCE DENGAN DOMAIN MEA01 DALAM PELAKSANAAN E-HEALTH MENGGUNAKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusyida Baniya Savira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Informasi memiliki peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung tujuan pencapaian suatu kegiatan dalam organisasi mupun instansi. Apabila pemanfaatan TI sudah berjalan dan mampu berintegrasi dengan baik dengan organisasi, maka TI mampu mendorong terjadinya peningkatan kinerja organisasi. Untuk mendukungnya, dibutuhkan suatu kegiatan monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja suatu organisasi. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan suatu instansi pemerintahan yang bertindak sebagai penyelenggara untuk penyediaan layanan kesehatan kepada masyarakat di daerah Jawa Tengah. Permasalahan yang pada Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah adalah dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan pengawasan dan evaluasi masih ditemukan beberapa kekurangan seperti kurang lengkapnya Standart Operational Procedure (SOP mengenai detail proses pengawasan dan penilaian kinerja, proses tata kelola TI yang belum dilakukan secara menyeluruh, serta kurangnya pengawasan dalam peningkatan kebutuhan pemakaian e-health. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara dan kuesioner berdasarkan COBIT 5 dihasilkan level kapabilitas tata kelola proses monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja dan kesesuaian (MEA01 saat ini adalah level 1 yaitu Performed, dengan tingkat pencapaian Largely Achieved sebesar 83,33% atau setara dengan 1,83 yang menunjukkan bahwa proses monitoring kinerja dan kesesuaian yang telah diimplementasikan berhasil mencapai tujuan instansi tetapi masih belum sepenuhnya dikelola dengan baik. Untuk mencapai level kapabilitas 2, dapat dilakukan strategi perbaikan secara bertahap dari proses atribut level 1 sampai 2. Kata kunci: COBIT 5, Analisis Tata Kelola TI, E-health, Proses Monitoring Evaluate and Assess Performance and Conformance (MEA01, Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

  16. The Comparison of Effects of Gamma Radiation of Crude Oil Yield on Some Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus Seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Havser ERTEM VAİZOĞULLAR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study compares the effects of different doses gamma radiation on crude oil yield and moisture of different six variety sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. seeds. As materials, sunflower variety Ege-2001, Turay, AS-508, Tunca, TR-3080 and Tarsan-1018 seeds were used and irradiated with doses of 0 (control, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 Gy gamma radiation. Irradiation was performed in a cesium (Ce137 Gammacell 3000 Elan source, dose rate about 9.75 Gy/min (2900 Ci in the Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine in the department of the radiological. Moisture amount of seeds were also measured by AOCS standarts. Extraction of the seeds was done with soxhlet apparatus using petroleum ether by hot continuous extraction for 6 hours.  It was found that the highest moisture rate in 100 Gy for all seeds variety. The moisture rate ranged between 3.00 and 9.68% in TR-3080 and Ege-2001, respectively. According to the our results, seed moisture content was affected by gamma radiation in a significant negative one-way. The significant reduction in seed moisture content (9.68% began at 100 Gy of gamma rays and continued to decline to up to 4.04% at 500 Gy. The crude oil yield showed not a important increase in 100 and 200 Gy doses. The result showed that the highest crude oil yield was also obtained from 400 Gy and 33.49% in Ege-2001 seeds.

  17. Computational study: The influence of omni-directional guide vane on the flow pattern characteristic around Savonius wind turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicaksono, Yoga Arob; Tjahjana, D. D. D. P.

    2017-01-01

    Standart Savonius wind turbine have a low performance such as low coefficient of power and low coefficient of torque compared with another type of wind turbine. This phenomenon occurs because the wind stream can cause the negative pressure at the returning rotor. To solve this problem, standard Savonius combined with Omni Directional Guide Vane (ODGV) proposed. The aim of this research is to study the influence of ODGV on the flow pattern characteristic around of Savonius wind turbine. The numerical model is based on the Navier-Stokes equations with the standard k-ɛ turbulent model. This equation solved by a finite volume discretization method. This case was analyzed by commercial computational fluid dynamics solver such as SolidWorks Flow Simulations. Simulations were performed at the different wind directions; there are 0°, 30°,60° at 4 m/s wind speed. The numerical method validated with the past experimental data. The result indicated that the ODGV able to augment air flow to advancing rotor and decrease the negative pressure in the upstream of returning rotor compared to the bare Savonius wind turbine.

  18. A Study on The Accessibility of Parks: The Case Study of the Kızılelma Park, Nigde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifat Olgun

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Accessibility and availability of a space has a significant importance during the participation of individual to the social life. Consequently, in order to keep their life barrier-free as the others, all spaces should be planned, designed and applied for handicapped people. The perception that handicapped individuals are helpless and devour causes a social isolation from the community and this situation makes them hopeless and aimless. For this reason, designers should be sensitive to create and manage barrier-free design process in order to achieve equal life for everyone. Thus handicaped people can access social life fully and easly and these solutions let them free from physcial barriers which keep them out of public spaces. In this study Kızılelma Park, one of the biggest park in Niğde, is investigated in terms of accessibility. Suitability of several park components such as parking lots, pedestrain paths, planting design and urban furnitures, and the accessibility problems in the park are revealled. Collected data are compared to standarts, appropriate designs are determined and some design solutions are improved for unappropriate designs.

  19. Evaluation of the effect of LED radiation in the repair of skin wounds on the dorsum of rats with iron deficiency anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Susana Carla Pires Sampaio; de Carvalho Monteiro, Juliana Santos; dos Santos Aciole, Gilberth Tadeu; DeCastro, Isabele Cardoso V.; Menezes, Diego Silva; de Fátima Lima Ferreira, Maria; dos Santos, Jean Nunes; Zanin, Fátima; Barbosa Pinheiro, Antônio Luiz

    2010-05-01

    Iron deficiency anemia causes reduction on the level of hemoglobin and of the number of RBC and affects around 35% of the human population. Laser and LED therapies have been successfully used on wound healing studies. The aim of the present study was to assess histologically the effect of LED Phototherapy on the healing of cutaneous wounds on anemic rats. Fifty one 21 days old male wistar rats weighting around 50 g were kept under iron free die (Sem ferro-AIN93-G) during 15 days in order to induce anemia. Non treated animals acted as controls. A standartized cutaneous wound was created on the dorsum of each animal whom were distributed into four groups: Group I—Anemia+LED, Group II—Non anemic+LED, Group III—Anemia+no treatment, Group IV—No anemic+no-treatment. Irradiation started immediately after surgery and repeated at 48 h intervals during 21 days. Animal death occurred after 7, 14 and 21 days after wounding. The results of the histologic analysis showed that LED Phototherapy stimulated fibroblastic proliferation. It is concluded that LED irradiation improves wound healing on iron deficient anemic animals.

  20. The Relation Between Ocular/Nasal Bacterial Distribution, Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Ocular and Nasal Involvement in Atopic Dermatitis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nida Kaçar

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It was aimed to determine bacteria distribution and S.aureus colonization in nares, fornix and eyelid margin of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD compared to controls and to investigate it?s relationship with skin and eye involvement. Methods: Patients dermatological and opthalmologic examinations were done. The standart tear break-up time and Schirmer tests were performed. Samples were taken from fornix, eyelid margin and nares for bacterial culture. Results: Tweenty seven patients and 28 controls were included. There was no difference between the patients with and without eye involvement with respect to dry eye (p>0.05. The bacteria was more frequently isolated in patients (85.2% than controls (60.7%, however S.aureus colonization (51.9%, 50.0% respectively didn?t differ in both groups (p=0.042, p>0.05. The disease severity was positively correlated with S.aureus colonization (p=0.031. There was no difference between the patients with and without eye involvement with respect to S.aureus colonization and presence of bacteria (p>0.05. No bacteria was isolated from patients whom tear function analyses were performed. Conclusions: It wasn?t established an increased percent of S.aureus colonization in AD patients compared with controls. There was no association between dry eye and eye involvement. No comment could be remarked about the possible relation between dry eye and bacterial colonization.

  1. The Relation Between Ocular/Nasal Bacterial Distribution, Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Ocular and Nasal Involvement in Atopic Dermatitis Patients - Original Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berna Şanlı Erdoğan

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It was aimed to determine bacteria distribution and S.aureus colonization in nares, fornix and eyelid margin of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD compared to controls and to investigate it’s relationship with skin and eye involvement. Methods: Patients dermatological and opthalmologic examinations were done. The standart tear break-up time and Schirmer tests were performed. Samples were taken from fornix, eyelid margin and nares for bacterial culture. Results: Tweenty seven patients and 28 controls were included. There was no difference between the patients with and without eye involvement with respect to dry eye (p>0.05. The bacteria was more frequently isolated in patients (85.2% than controls (60.7%, however S.aureus colonization (51.9%, 50.0% respectively didn’t differ in both groups (p=0.042, p>0.05. The disease severity was positively correlated with S.aureus colonization (p=0.031. There was no difference between the patients with and without eye involvement with respect to S.aureus colonization and presence of bacteria (p>0.05. No bacteria was isolated from patients whom tear function analyses were performed. Conclusions: It wasn’t established an increased percent of S.aureus colonization in AD patients compared with controls. There was no association between dry eye and eye involvement. No comment could be remarked about the possible relation between dry eye and bacterial colonization.

  2. Mercury Test on macroalgae from Burung and Tikus Island, Jakarta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novianty, H.; Herandarudewi, S. M. C.; Suratno

    2018-04-01

    Environmental pollution, caused by the introduction of hazardous substances such as heavy metals into coastal waters, affects not only the condition of the waters but also the source of food that will be contaminated by hazardous metals, one of them is mercury (Hg). Mercury is toxic metal which could cause damage to the human body in certain threshold amounts. The aim of this study was to determin the content of mercury in several species of algae from Burung and Tikus Island, Jakarta. This study was using a descriptive method. The samples were collected from Burung and Tikus Island by simple rundown sampling. Mercury level was measured by NIC3000 mercury analyzer tool. The results showed that none of the mercury levels have passed 0.5 mg/kg (the safety standart level of mercury by SNI (Indonesian National Standard)7387 in 2019) mangrove. From tikus Island had lower total mercury than the ones from Burung Island. Burung Island is located near Pari Island which is a residential area, where pollution is more likely to occur.

  3. MIGRATING AUTOLUX WEBSITE FROM MODX TO PHALCONPHP WITH FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS (Search Engine Optimization and Mobile Application Support Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Tanjung

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Autolux Project is owned by DTT Multimedia B.V. Autolux is a platform for car lovers sharing their information about favorite or latest cars. The website was built in MODx (CMS framework which considered being old and heavy by the company. With that very reason, a project to migrate the website from MODx into PhalconPHP (pure PHP framework was started. Migrating website from MODx to PhalconPHP was a success, and to boost the website popularity, the first thing to do is to implement the SEO standards. Another demand by the company was for the website to be responsive and using OOP standarts. Responsive website can be reached by using the help of libraries. PhalconPHP already implemented OOP, thus the developer will follow the MVC pattern given and refine it by doing more separation of concerns. Later on, the developer also put more refinements on the website to boost the speed of page loading, support multilingual, and management system.

  4. EFFECTS OF PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS AS BACTERIAL EFFLUX PUMP INHIBITORS ON QUORUM SENSING REGULATED BEHAVIORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aynur Aybey

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Psychotropic drugs are known to have antimicrobial activity against several groups of microorganisms. The antidepressant agents such as duloxetine, paroxetine, hydroxyzine and venlafaxine are shown to act as efflux pump inhibitors in bacterial cells. In order to the investigation of the effects of psychotropic drugs were determined for clinically significant pathogens by using standart broth microdillusion method. The anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS activity of psychotropic drugs was tested against four test pathogens using the agar well diffusion method. All drugs showed strong inhibitory effect on the growth of S. typhimurium. Additionally, quorum sensing-regulated behaviors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including swarming, swimming and twitching motility and alkaline protease production were investigated. Most effective drugs on swarming, swimming and twitching motility and alkaline protease production, respectively, were paroxetine and duloxetine; duloxetine; hydroxyzine and venlafaxine; paroxetine and venlafaxine; venlafaxine. Accordingly, psychotropic drugs were shown strongly anti-QS activity by acting as bacterial efflux pump inhibitors and effection on motility and alkaline protease production of P. aeruginosa.

  5. Primary Adenocarcinoma of the fallopian tube: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mert Kazandi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Carcinoma of the follapian tube accounts for only 0.3 to 1.1% of all gynecologic malignancies. Primer carsinoma of follapian tube is a rare and aggressive cancer. It is not diagnosed until at an advanced stage. Because its epidemiologic, biologic and prognostic characteristics arent well known, no standart treatment has been developed. Most of them are adenocarcinomas. Stage is significant prognostic factor. Typical clinical symptoms are vaginal bleeding, watery discharge and pelvic pain. Tubal carsinomas are treated with surgical and chemotherapeutic approach as epithelial ovarian cancer. We reported a 76 year-old woman with primer fallopian tube carcinomas. The case presented with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. Endometrial curettage showed no abnormal findings. However, we performed laparotomy because of ongoing vaginal bleeding after currettage and left adnexal mass. In the laparotomy, left tube was observed hydropic. The histopathologic result of the left tube revealed primer fallopian tube adenocarcinoma. We performed hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. She has been given chemotherapy (endoxan-carboplatin treatment for 4 mounths.

  6. Peynir Yapımında Mikrobiyal Renet Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Karapınar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Peynir yapımında süt koagulantı olarak buzağı reneti yerine kullanılmak üzere proteazlar üzerine yapılan çalışmalar son yıllarda yoğunluk kazanmıştır. Günümüzde buzağı reneti standart bir süt koagulantı olarak önemini sürdürmekteyse de, şirden mayası üretimi her yıl giderek gereksinimi karşılayamaz duruma gelmektedir. Bunun sonucu olarak yeni renet kaynakları arasında yoğunlaşmış ve günümüzde Mucor pusillus, M. miehei, Endothia parasitica küf türlerinden elde edilen üç fungal enzim ile Bacillus cereus bakterisinden elde edilen bir bakteriyel enzim ticari olarak üretilmeye başlanmıştır.

  7. Production of Mozzarella Cheese Using Rennin Enzyme from Mucor miehei Grown at Rice Bran Molasses Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusdan, I. H.; Kusnadi, J.

    2017-04-01

    The research aimed to study the characteristic and yield of Mozzarella cheese produced by using rennin enzyme from Mucor miehei which is grown at rice bran and molasses medium. The popularity of Mozzarella cheese in Indonesia is increased caused by the spreading of western foods in Indonesia such as pizza and spaghetti that use Mozzarella cheese for ingredient. In Italy, Mozzarella and pizza cheeses are dominating 78% of the total Italian Cheese products. In producing Mozzarella cheese, rennin enzyme is always used as milk coagulant. Even now, Indonesia has not produced the rennin enzyme yet. The rennin enzyme from Mucor miehei growing at rice bran and molases medium which have the availability can be managed purposively within short period of time. The completly randomized design methode used to get the best crude extracts of Mucor miehei rennin enzyme, then is employed to produce mozzarella cheese. The result of Mozzarella cheese has various characteristics such as the yield’s weight is 9.1%, which consists of 50% moisture content, 36.64% peotein levels, 0.1 melting ability and 82.72% stretch ability or 0.79/N. With that characteristic it is concluded that rennin enzyme from Mucor miehei grown at rice bran molasses medium has the potential to alternatively subtitute calf rennin to produce Mozzarella cheese, and the characteristics fulfill the standart.

  8. Studi Analisa Stabilitas Transien Sistem Jawa-Madura-Bali (Jamali 500kV Setelah Masuknya Pembangkit Paiton 1000 MW Pada Tahun 2021

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prima Prahasta Rezky

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengan kebutuhan akan listrik yang setiap tahunnya meningkat khususnya di pulau jawa dan sekitarnya, pemerintah melalui PLN merencanakan pengembangan kapasitas dan energi listrik guna mengatasi meningkatnya kebutuhan tersebut. Sehingga pada tahun 2021 sistem kelistrikan di Jawa-Bali menambahkan satu unit pembangkit Paiton 1000 MW. Dengan adanya pembangkit baru tersebut maka diperlukan rekonfigurasi jaringan dan perlu dilakukan analisis ulang terhadap kinerja sistem secara keseluruhan. Dari hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa untuk kasus lepasnya generator, lepasnya satu saluran dan saluran dobel sirkit tidak menyebabkan sistem lepas sinkron. Karena ketika generator lepas, daya supply yang hilang hanya 2% dari total pembangkitan dan lepasnya saluran dapat di backup oleh sistem interkoneksi. Begitu juga dengan kasus single pole auto reclosing dengan waktu CB kembali tertutup sebesar 500 ms setelah gangguan, hasil respon sudut rotor, frekuensi dan tegangan menunjukkan sistem tetap stabil. Kemudian untuk kasus waktu pemutusan kritis (CCT, nilai CCT pada sistem berada pada kisaran 300 ms – 400 ms. Sehingga dengan standart batas pemutusan CB untuk sistem transmisi adalah 120 ms – 140 ms maka dapat dikatakan sistem tetap stabil ketika terjadi hubung singkat tiga fasa ke tanah.

  9. Doğrudan Yabancı Sermaye Yatırımlarında Çok Uluslu Şirketlerin Çin Pazarına Yönelme Eğilimleri Türkiye Yönünden Bir Değerlendirme(The Tendency of Multinational Corporations Towards China In The Context of Foreign Direct Investment An Evaluation On The Basıs of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keti VENTURA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, foreign investments, which are not considered to be so much important before the globalization process, became focus of interest for both the developed and developing countries as their contribution to the development process is realized.The developed countries transfer technology and capital to the areas where raw materials are cheap and the legal proceedings, system of taxation and taxing provisions are more appropriate to increase their competitive advantage.The main problem of developing countries is the lack of capital and technology. The lack of internal savings, low purchasing power, the block of foreign exchange bottleneck of the development of domestic industry and the competitive advantage, more elastic legislation than the standarts of developed countries, cheap labor and the other conditions provide a convenient environment for the foreign capitals in developing countries.Also, the developing countries, especially China, is very successful to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI. Within this context, the goal of this study is to make some evaluations of Multinational Corporations’ intentions of FDI in China and of Turkish firms’ investments in China and also some advices are given for the future.

  10. Educational Psychologist Training for Special and Developmental Teaching as Professional Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavrilushkina O.P.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the experience of designing the educational module "Special and Developmental Teaching" of School Psychology Master’s program. The modular-sized program includes practical training and research activity in each module in a networking, it complies with Federal State Educational Standard and professional teaching and educational psychology standarts. Practice-oriented education Master’s training model based on the activity and competence approaches is productive. We have shown the advantages of networking and the need to divert more resources towards practical training and to include research activity in particular module. It is necessary to teach educational psychologists not only to "know", but also to "knows how", to have professional thinking and metasubject competencies, to have the capacity for reflection, i. e. to operate in an uncertain environment for new schemes on the basis of the scientific method. It is important that the modular principle design allows adding training subjects from one of educational program to other and so developing new programs.

  11. The practical analysis of food: the development of Sakalar quantification table of DNA (SQT-DNA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakalar, Ergün

    2013-11-15

    Practical and highly sensitive Sakalar quantification table of DNA (SQT-DNA) has been developed for the detection% of species-specific DNA amount in food products. Cycle threshold (Ct) data were obtained from multiple curves of real-time qPCR. The statistical analysis was done to estimate the concentration of standard dilutions. Amplicon concentrations versus each Ct value were assessed by the predictions of targets at known concentrations. SQT-DNA was prepared by using the percentage versus each Ct values. The applicability of SQT-DNA to commercial foods was proved by using sausages containing varying ratios of beef, chicken, and soybean. The results showed that SQT-DNA can be used to directly quantify food DNA by a single PCR without the need to construct a standart curve in parallel with the samples every time the experiment is performed, and also quantification by SQT-DNA is as reliable as standard curve quantification for a wide range of DNA concentrations. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Pengaruh Panjang Serat Terhadap Nilai Koefisien Absorpsi Suara dan Sifat Mekanik Komposit Serat Ampas Tebu dengan Matriks Gipsum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanus Laga Suban

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membuat material komposit gipsum berpenguat serat alam untuk bahan penyerap suara. Permasalahan yang dikaji adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan panjang serat pada komposit ampas tebu bermatrik  gipsum terhadap nilai koefisien absorpsi suara (α, kekuatan tekan, dan kekuatan lenturnya. Panjang serat yang digunakan adalah 10mm, 30mm, dan 50mm  dengan fraksi volum 30% serat : 70% gipsum. Tujuannya untuk mendapatkan hubungan nilai koefisien absorpsi suara, kuat lentur, dan kuat tekan dengan panjang serat yang diberikan serta aplikasinya dalam material bahan penyerap suara yang memenuhi standar ISO 11654. Metode pembuatan spesimen komposit yang digunakan adalah hand lay up. Metode pengujian berdasarkan standart ASTM E1050 untuk pengujian koefisien absorpsi suara, ASTM D790 untuk pengujian kuat lentur, dan ASTM D695 untuk pengujian kuat tekan. Dari hasil pengujian didapatkan nilai koefisien absorpsi suara memenuhi standar ISO 11654 dengan nilai koefisien α lebih besar dari 0,15. Nilai kuat lentur terbaik ialah pada panjang serat 30mm sebesar 1,952 MPa. Nilai kuat tekan terbaik ialah pada panjang serat 50mm sebesar 2,005 MPa

  13. Fracture resistance of weakened teeth restored with condensable resin with and without cusp coverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Francisco Lia Mondelli

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study evaluated the fracture resistance of weakened human premolars (MOD cavity preparation and pulp chamber roof removal restored with condensable resin composite with and without cusp coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty human maxillary premolars were divided into three groups: Group A (control, sound teeth; Group B, wide MOD cavities prepared and the pulp chamber roof removed and restored with resin composite without cusp coverage; Group C, same as Group B with 2.0 mm of buccal and palatal cusps reduced and restored with the same resin. The teeth were included in metal rings with self-curing acrylic resin, stored in water for 24 h and thereafter subjected to a compressive axial load in a universal testing machine at 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: The mean fracture resistance values ± standart deviation (kgf were: group A: 151.40 ± 55.32, group B: 60.54 ± 12.61, group C: 141.90 ± 30.82. Statistically significant differences were found only between Group B and the other groups (p<0.05. The condensable resin restoration of weakened human premolars with cusp coverage significantly increased the fracture resistance of the teeth as compared to teeth restored without cusp coverage. CONCLUSION: The results showed that cusp coverage with condensable resin might be a safe option for restoring weakened endodontically treated teeth.

  14. PENGUKURAN KUALITAS PERANGKAT LUNAK SISTEM INFORMASI HOTEL BERBASIS STANDARD ISO 9126

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asih Sutanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan bagaimana mengukur perangkat lunak yang dilihat dari sudut pandang produk, mengukur kualitas perangkat  lunak Sistem Informasi Hotel yang memerlukan  alat bantu untuk mempermudah melakukan pengukuran kualitas software tersebut berdasarkan ISO 9126 yang sesuai dengan enam karakteristik dari model kualitas software/perangkat lunak yaitu Functionability, Reliability, usability, efesiency, maintainability dan portability. Faktor kualitas umum yang paling penting diurutkan dan ditambahkan ke sub-faktor dari ISO 9126. Sehingga pihak manajemen dalam pengukurannya lebih akurat dalam memperoleh informasi untuk menentukan keputusan strategis. Melalui pemrosesan data dari masukan pengguna terhadap tingkat preferensi faktor dan sub-faktor kualitas akan diperoleh bobot faktor kualitas dan bobot relatif sub-faktor kualitas. Perkalian kedua nilai tersebut akan menghasilkan bobot absolut yang kemudian dikalikan dengan penilaian kriteria aplikasi hotel dari pengguna. Hasil akhirnya berupa nilai kualitas total dari aplikasi perangkat lunak Sistem Informasi Hotel. Setelah dilakukan pengukuran dengan enam karakteristik Standart ISO 9126, diperoleh nilai  Sistem Informasi Hotel 13.25 yang merupakan hasil pengukuran kualitas sehingga aplikasi ini tidak masuk kategori standar ISO 9126 karena ada Karakteristik Portability yait u unsur Adaptability, dan Installability tidak terpenuhi.

  15. Progress in basic principles of limitation in radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramzaev, P.V.; Tarasov, S.I.; Troitskaya, M.N.; Ermolaeva, A.P.

    1977-01-01

    For purposes of limitation of harmful factors, e.g. radiation, it is proposed to divide all countless numbers of biological effects into three groups: 1) social important effects (ultimate and effects); 2) intermediate effects (different diseases etc.), which are connected with and controlled by the first group; 3) pure biological effects, importance of which is not known. To determine the first group effects there are identified four indices describing all significant sides of human life: time of life, life-time integral of mental and physical capacity for work, aesthetical satisfaction from organism itself, reproduction of descendants. They reflect the main social and individual interests related to functioning of organism. On the base of weighing these indices it is suggested the united general index of health in form of time of a full life. The united index can be used for different principles of limitation (based on threshold, acceptable risk, maximum benefit). To realize the principle of maximum public benefit as ideal principle in the future limitation all benefit and detriment from utilization of harmful sources must be expressed in the united index of health (instead of money), which is the greatest value of individual and society. Authors suggest to standartize ionizing radiation on the general methodological approaches that were acceptable to non-ionizing factors too

  16. Eğitimde Fırsat Eşitsizliğini Azaltmaya Yönelik Eğilimler: Afrika Verileri Üzerine Ampirik Bir Çalışma

    OpenAIRE

    Amaghouss JABRANE; Ibourk AOMAR

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışma, çeşitli göstergeler kullanılarak Afrika’daki eğitim eşitsizliğine dikkat çekmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Eğitim eşitsizliğini azaltmaya yönelik dinamikler, eğitimde Kuznet Eğrisi’nin geçerliliği bağlamında ele alınmıştır. Ortaya çıkan sonuçlar, Kuznet Eğrisi’nin şeklinin ortalama eşitsizliğinin ölçülmesine bağlı olduğunu önermektedir. Kuznet Eğrisi’ne bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan varsayımlar öğretim verilerinin standart sapmasına bağlı olarak test edilmiştir. Aynı zamanda çalışmada kullanıla...

  17. Multimedia pembelajaran digital untuk meningkatkan antusiasme siswa dalam belajar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Kusuma Nugraheni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan media pembelajaran yang dapat meningkatan antusiasme siswa dalam belajar menggunakan multimedia digital storytelling. Untuk mewujudkan adanya multimedia digital storytelling tersebut, peneliti menggunakan metode pengembangan model ADDIE (analysis-design-develop-implement-evaluate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, multimedia digital storytelling memenuhi standar kelayakan bila digunakan untuk menunjang proses pembelajaran. Terbukti dengan hasil penilaian yang diberikan oleh  ahli media sebesar 79,2%, ahli materi sebesar 85,3% dan siswa sebesar 87%. Berdasarkan analisis hasil Uji t Berpasangan, peneliti menemukan adanya perbedaan antara sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan multimedia digital storytelling dalam pembelajaran yang mendapat skor rata-rata sebesar -6.75 dan dengan standart deviasi sebesar 3.808. Sedangkan hasil yang didapat untuk sig sebesar 0.002 = 0.2 % < 5 %; maka hal itu berarti bahwa, rata-rata antusiasme siswa dalam mengikuti pembelajaran antara yang sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan multimedia digital storytelling terdapat perbedaan dan mengalami perubahan. Dengan demikian peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa, penggunaan multimedia digital storytelling untuk menunjang proses pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan antusiasme siswa dalam belajar.

  18. Studi Eksperimen Pengaruh Variasi Pegas Kopling Terhadap Gaya Dorong dan Percepatan Pada Kendaraan Yamaha Vixion 150 cc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Prakoso Ramadhan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Saat ini perkembangan dunia otomotif khususnya sepeda motor terus dikembangkan untuk mendapatkan kenyamanan dalam pengendalian. Produsen otomotif khususnya roda dua (sepeda motor telah memproduksi kendaraan berkapasitas besar . Para produsen berlomba – lomba untuk menciptakan kedaraan dengan performa dan akselerasi yang baik . Akselerasi dan performa yang baik salah satunya dipengaruhi oleh tingkat kekakuan dari pegas kopling. Dengan banyaknya variasi dari pegas kopling yang dijual di pasaran dan memiliki nilai konstanta yang berbeda – beda mengindikasikan bahwa pemilihan pegas kopling yang sesuai dapat memperbaiki performa dari kendaraan standart. Dan ini yang mendasari terlaksananya penelitian kali ini. Pada penelitian ini data yang ingin diperoleh adalah gaya dorong, percepatan. Hasil dari pengujian ini adalah pegas dengan nilai konstanta 13,05 N/mm menghasilkan nilai gaya dorong terbesar dibandingkan pegas dengan nilai konstanta 8,29 N/mm yaitu sebesar 509,805 N untuk nilai gaya dorong dan 4,42 m/s2 untuk nilai percepatan. Ini menandakan bahwa pegas dengan nilai konstanta pegas yang besar enghasilkan performa yang baik untuk kendaraan.

  19. Clinical Success With Imiquimod Alone and In Combination With Intralesional Interferon In Basal Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayriye Sarıcaoğlu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC is the most common type of skin cancer in humans. Surgery is still the gold standart for treatment of BCCs. However, there are also less-invasive, nonsurgical therapies such as imiquimod cream and intralesional interferon (IFN alpha-2b for the patients who are poor candidates for surgery and who care cosmetic outcomes. Objective: We report 11 BCC cases with various subtypes successfully treated with either imiquimod alone or in combination with interferon alfa-2b. Methods: Patients with various subtypes of histopathologically proven BCCs who were treated with imiquimod or combination of imiquimod and IFN alpha-2b between 2005-2010 years at our outpatient clinic are included in this report. Results: Of 11 patients we reported, only 4 patients (3 infiltrative, 1 solid types recieved intralesional interferon alpha-2b 3 million IU, 3 times a week combined with topical imiquimod. The rest 7 patients recieved only imiquimod 5% cream. All patients were cured with these regimens. Conclusion: Imiquimod is found to be effective not only in superficial, but also infiltrative, solid, and nodular types. Intralesional interferon alpha-2b is also known to be effective in BCCs and it has a synergistic effect when combined with imiquimod.

  20. APPLICATION OF FTA AND FMEA METHOD TO IMPROVE SUGAR PRODUCTION PROCESS QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JojoAndriana

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Defective product is a product that has poor quality and do not meet the standart. This defective products can give a bad impact to company, such as high production costs and decreased image company. Several methods that can be used to improve the quality is Six Sigma DMAIC methodology, FTA, and FMEA method. This study is conducted for several purpose, they are to determine the value of sigma level on the process of sugar production in PT.PG. Krebet Baru, to determine the factors that cause defective products in the process of sugar production by the FTA method, and to make a suitable solution based on the FMEA defective causes. The process sigma level in PT.PG.Krebet Baru is 3.58. That value sigma level indicates PT. PG. Krebet Baru is a company that are still growing and need improvement. The primary cause of the defects in the production process is a factor of operator and machine. Mode of failure with the highest RPN at 210 is time for steam process is too long, so they need to install the equipment that can detect the water level on sugar. When this equipment is installed, the exact time for drying will be known and the amount of defective product will be decreased.

  1. Tad, Koku ve Renk Katkısı Olarak Kırmızı Biber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atillâ Akgül

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kırmızıbiber, dünya çapında kültürü yapılan ve kullanılan en önemli baharatlardan biridir. Değişik kullanım şekillerinin yanısıra, bölge ve ülkelere göre değişen çok sayıda gıda ürününde yer alması, diğer çoğu baharatlardan farklı olarak yakıcılık ve renk maddelerince zengin olması kırmızıbiberi vazgeçilemez bir tad, koku ve renk materyali durumuna getirmiştir. Bununla birlikte botanik kaynakları ve özellikleri ile ticaret ve bölgesel tüketimlerde çok çeşitli isimle bilinmesi gibi karışıklıklar henüz tam olarak standart çözümlere kavuşturulamamıştır. Yaygınlık kazanan bazı sınıflama ve isimlemelerin kullanılması sürmektedir.

  2. The role of framing effect in assessment of quality of life according to standard gambling theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songul Cinaroglu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Measuring health outcomes includes risk and uncertainty. Quality of life assessment in health care has two main properties one is they are personal, the other is they are reflecting personal preferences. Because of patient preferences includes risk and uncertainty standard gambling theory used which is one of the quantitative techniques for assessment of patient preferences. Framing effect which is based on social psychology, shows that positive and negative framed information effects decision making. For this reason in this study we aim to discuss the role of framing effect on quality of life assessments when standart gambling theory was used. Results of this study show that compare to traditional framing effect, medical framework reveal opposite results. Patients show risk seeking behavior in positive framework and they show risk aversion behaviour in negative framework. We think that the results of this study provides useful information for understanding of how framing make a bias in asssessment of patient preferences. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(4.000: 346-352

  3. „ORACLE E-BUSINESS SUITE” MIGRĀCIJA STARP DAŽĀDĀM VERSIJĀM

    OpenAIRE

    Dansone, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Maģistra darbā analizēta uzņēmumu resursu pārvaldības sistēmās "Oracle E-Business Suite" migrācija starp dažādām versijām. Darba gaitā izpētīti ieteikumi „Oracle E-Business Suite” migrācijai, apskatīta Oracle E-Business Suite standartfunkcionalitāte un arhitektūra, izanalizēta uzņēmuma pieredze šīs sistēmas migrēšanā, apzināti ieteikumi un rekomendācijas šī procesa uzlabošanā, apskatīta risku pārvaldība, apskatīts COBIT standarts, izanalizēti riski, veikta pieteikumu analīze pirms migrāci...

  4. Evaluasi Keamanan Teknologi Informasi pada PT INDOTAMA PARTNER LOGISTICS Menggunakan Indeks Keamanan Informasi (KAMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Yani Akhirina

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available PT Indotama Partner Logistics adalah salah satu perusahaan besar yang bergerak dibidang jasa logistiks di Indonesia. Semakin pesatnya persaingan dan perkembangan perusahaan dibidang yang sama menuntut pihak manajemen untuk meningkatkan pelayanan kepada konsumen, salah satu penunjangnya adalah ketersediaan informasi yang cepat dan akurat.  Sehingga perlunya dilakukan evaluasi keamanan sistem informasi pada PT Indotama Partener Logistics. Indeks KAMI adalah aplikasi yang digunakan untuk mengukur kematangan dan kelengkapan keamanan informasi yang telah disesuaikan dengan standart ISO/IEC 27001:2009 yang dibuat oleh Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. Tahap pertama dalam evaluasi indeks KAMI adalah melakukan penilaian tingkat ketergantungan TIK pada instansi tersebut, dan hasil dari tingkat ketergantungan tersebut akan digunakan sebagai batasan nilai dari penilaian lima area dalam indeks KAMI. Penilaian ini digunakan untuk melihat seberapa jauh tingkat kematangan keamanan informasi di lingkungan PT Indotama Partner Logistics , yang hasilnya dapat digunakan sebagai media evaluasi dalam rangka meningkatkan keamanan informasi dari perusahaan di masa yang akan datang. Untuk itu akan dibuatkan suatu saran perbaikan pada bagian-bagian yang masih kurang dari hasil penilaian indeks KAMI yang telah dilakukan.

  5. Stress-optimised shape memory devices for the use in microvalves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skrobanek, K.D.; Kohl, M.; Miyazaki, S.

    1997-01-01

    A gas valve of 6 x 6 x 2 mm 3 size has been developed for high pressure applications. Stress-optimised shape memory microbeams of 100 μm thickness are used to control the deflection of a membrane above a valve chamber. The shape memory thin sheets have been fabricated by melting and rolling, which creates specific textures. Investigations by X-ray diffraction revealed major orientations of [111] and [011] in rolling direction. The corresponding maximum anisotropy of transformation strain was 20%. The microbeams have been fabricated by laser cutting. For stress-optimisation, the lateral widths of the beams are designed for homogeneous stress distributions along the beam surfaces allowing an optimised use of the shape memory effect and a minimisation of fatigue effects. For actuation, a rhombohedral phase transformation is used. This allows operation below pressure differences of 1200 hPa in designs with one valve chamber and below 4500 hPa in pressure-compensated designs with a second valve chamber above the membrane. Maximum gas flows of 1600 seem (seem cm 2 at standart conditions/minute) and work outputs of 35 μNm are achieved for a driving power of 210 mW. The response times for closing the valves vary between 0.5 and 1.2 s and for opening between 1 and 2 s depending on the applied pressure difference. (orig.)

  6. Utilization of household organic compost in zinc adsorption system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundari, Lia; Isvaringga, Nyiayu Dita; Arinda, Yesica Maharani

    2017-11-01

    Zinc (Zn) is one of the heavy metals which is polluted to the environment in an amount greater than 15 mg/L [1]. Zinc contamination caused by the disposal of industrial waste such as batteries, electroplating, paint and other industries. One of the Zinc recovery technique that is relatively inexpensive, simple, high effectiveness and efficiency, and can be regenerated is adsorption using compost. This study has been carried out the preparation of compost from organic household waste and cow manure and its application to Zinc recovery. In this research, the raw material of compost is varied. There is an organic household waste (A1) and a mixture of organic household waste and cow manure with ratio 7:6 (A2). Decomposition of A1 and A2 with addition Effective Microorganism (EM4) requires 21 days, with 3 times inversion. Zinc adsorption is done by using a compost variation of 0.5 g, 1 g, and 2 g in every 100 and 200 mg/L Zn concentration solution. The batch process is applied to analyze the capacity of adsorption. Determination of capacity of adsorption based on the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm model. Direct observation and spectrophotometry are applied in research methodology. The results show that compost A1 and A2 have fulfilled Indonesian Standart of compost and have the ability to reduce Zinc concentration to 94-96%. It indicates highly recommended biosorbent that can be applied to Zinc adsorption.

  7. HIGHER ORDER THINKING IN TEACHING GRAMMAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citra Dewi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper discussed about how to enhance students’ higher order thinking that should be done by teacher in teaching grammar. Usually teaching grammar was boring and has the same way to learn like change the pattern of sentence into positive, negative and introgative while the students’ need more various way to develop their thinking. The outcome of students’ competence in grammar sometimes not sufficient enough when the students’ occured some test international standart like Test of English Foreign Language, International English Language Testing. Whereas in TOEFL test it needed higher order thinking answer, so teacher should develop students’ higher order thingking in daily teaching grammar in order to make the students’ enhance their thinking are higher. The method was used in this paper by using field study based on the experience of teaching grammar. It can be shown by students’ toefl score was less in stucture and written expression. The result of this paper was after teacher gave some treatments to enhance students’ higher order thinking in teaching grammar, the students’ toefl scores are sufficient enough as a part of stucture and written expression. It can concluded that it needed some strategies to enhancce students higher order thinking by teaching grammar it can make students’ higher toefl score. Teachers should be creative and inovative to teach the students’ started from giving the students’ question or test in teaching grammar.

  8. Türkiye’de Eğitim Ekonomik Büyümeyi Etkiliyor mu? Nedensellik Analizleriyle Bir İnceleme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Yurtkuran

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available         ÖzBu çalışmada ekonomik büyüme ve eğitim arasındaki ilişkiler Standart Granger nedensellik, Hsiao’nun Granger nedensellik ve Dolado-Lütkepohl VAR nedensellik yöntemleriyle 1950-2012 dönemi Türkiye ekonomisi için ampirik yönden incelenmiştir. Ekonometrik analizler, ekonomik büyümeden yükseköğretim mezunu sayısına; meslek lisesi ve genel lise mezun sayısından ekonomik büyümeye doğru pozitif bir nedenselliğin olduğunu göstermektedir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Türkiye, Büyüme, Eğitim, Nedensellik, VARJEL Sınıflandırma Kodları: C22, I21, O11, I25  

  9. Disasters And Minimum Health Standards In Disaster Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel GOGEN

    Full Text Available Millions of people are affected by natural or man made disasters all over the world. The number of people affected by disasters increase globally, due to global climate changes, increasing poverty, low life standards, inappropriate infrastructure, lack of early response systems, abuse of natural sources, and beside these, nuclear weapons, wars and conflicts, terrorist actions, migration, displacement and population movements. 95 % of life loss due to disasters are in the underdeveloped or developing countries. Turkey is a developing country, highly affected by disasters. For coping with disasters, not only national action plans, but also International Action Plans and cooperations are needed. Since all the disasters have direct and indirect effects on health, applications of minimal health standarts in disaster response, will reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. In this paper, water supplies and sanitation, vector control, waste control, burial of corpses, nutrition and minimum health standards in disaster response, are reviewed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2004; 3(12.000: 296-306

  10. Distribusi Nitrat dan Fosfat Secara Spasial dan Temporal Saat Musim Barat Di Permukaan Perairan Teluk Benoa, Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Wayan Sukma Taraning Rahayu

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Benoa Bay is an estuary that effected by pollutan from river and human activity. Reasearch on spatial and temporal distribution of nitrate and phosphate has been conducted in Benoa Bay. Data was collected at water surface during ebb from December 2016 to Februari 2017. There were19 Sampling pointlocated in Benoa Bay and 6 pointslocated in rivers around Benoa Bay. Nitrate was analysed using Brucine method and phosphate was analysed using Amm-Molybdat method. The concentration of nitrate from December 2016 to February 2017 ranged from 0,036 mg/L to 1,154 mg/L and the concentration of phosphate ranged from undetectedto 0,739 mg/L. The concentration of nitrate at rivers ranged from undetectedto 3,584 mg/L andthe concentration of phosphate ranged from undetectedto2,405 mg/L. The concentration of nitrate and phosphate from December 2016 to February 2017 was fluctuating and the highest average concentration of nitrat and phosphate was found in February 2017. These was due to high rainfall in February 2017 and cause a lot of organic matters carried by the rivers into Benoa Bay. The highest distribution concentration of nitrate and phosphate was found around estuary. These due to input of organic matters from mainland through the rivers. Based on water quality standards of Bali Goverment, the concentration of nitrate and phosphate was exceeds the seawater quality standart.

  11. [Imaging of pleural diseases: evaluation of imaging methods based on chest radiography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyraz, Necdet; Kalkan, Havva; Ödev, Kemal; Ceran, Sami

    2017-03-01

    The most commonly employed radiologic method in diagnosis of pleural diseases is conventional chest radiograph. The commonest chest- X-Ray findings are the presence of pleural effusion and thickening. Small pleural effusions are not readily identified on posteroanterior chest radiograph. However, lateral decubitus chest radiograph and chest ultrasonography may show small pleural effusions. These are more efficient methods than posteroanterior chest radiograph in the erect position for demonstrating small amounts of free pleural effusions. Chest ultrasonograph may be able to help in distinguishing the pleural pathologies from parenchymal lesions. On chest radiograph pleural effusions or pleural thickening may obscure the visibility of the underlying disease or parenchymal abnormality. Thus, computed tomography (CT) may provide additional information of determining the extent and severity of pleural disease and may help to differentiate malign pleural lesions from the benign ones. Moreover, CT may provide the differentiation of parenchmal abnormalities from pleural pathologies. CT (coronal and sagittal reformatted images) that also show invasion of chest wall, mediastinum and diaphragm, as well as enlarged hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes. Standart non-invasive imaging techniques may be supplemented with magnetic resonans imaging (MRI).

  12. Identity of Innovative Multifunctional Material Manufacturing Business in Latvia / Inovatīvu Daudzfunkcionālo Materiālu Ražotāju Identitāte Latvijā

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geipele, I.; Staube, T.; Ciemleja, G.; Zeltins, N.; Ekmanis, Yu.

    2015-08-01

    The publication comprises the results from the practical scientific investigation to define the profile and distinctions of the Latvian innovative multifunctional material manufacturing industry. The research is carried out by a holistic approach, including expert interviews, qualitative analysis of the official register data, practical survey, and financial data analysis. The paper seeks to give the detailed data on a technological profile of the mentioned representative companies, if there is a synergy or tough competition in the Latvian market. The current research is topical, because it is unique and does not have analogues in Latvia, and the research is timely due to correspondence with recently stated Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation in Latvia. The main findings are associated with recognition of the factors that make impact on commercialisation of the finished goods, obtained financial results and planned directions of development of the respondent companies. Publikācija sniedz veiktā zinātniski praktiskā pētījuma rezultātus, kura ietvaros tika noteikts Latvijas inovatīvu daudzfunkcionālo materiālu ražotāju darbības profils un identitāte. Pētījumā tika izmantota kompleksās analīzes metode, kas ietvēra ekspertu intervijas, uzņēmumu oficiāli reģistrēto datu kvalitatīvo analīzi, zinātniski praktisko aptauju, kā arī pētāmo uzņēmumu finanšu darbības rezultātu analīzi. Zinātniskais darbs sniedz izsmeļošu informāciju par mērķa uzņēmumu tehnoloģisko profilu un pēta, vai Latvijas mērķa ražošanas nozarē ir sinerģijas vai sīvās konkurences pazīmes. Šim zinātniskajam pētījumam ir noteikta aktualitāte saskaņā ar tā unikalitāti Latvijas valsts mērogā un atbilstība Viedās specializācijas stratēģijai. Pētījuma galvenie secinājumi ir saistīti ar uzņēmumu produkcijas komercializācijas ietekmējošo faktoru apzināšanu, sasniegtajiem finansiālajiem rezultātiem un pl

  13. Analisis Koefisien Absorpsi Bunyi Pada Komposit Penguat Serat Alam Dengan Menggunakan Alat Uji Tabung Impedansi 2 Microphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cok Istri Putri Kusuma Kencanawati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Dalam perambatannya gelombang bunyi dapat di halangi dengan menggunakan suatu medium yang memiliki sifat-sifatkedap suara, sehingga energi yang ditransmisikan akan mampu dikurangi/dihambat oleh medium tersebut. Salah satumetode yang dapat dipergunakan untuk mengetahui kemampuan peredaman (koefisien absorpsi suatu mediumterhadap gelombang bunyi yang datang dapat diketahui dengan menggunakan Tabung Impedansi 2 Microphone.Sedangkan sebagai mediumnya adalah panel komposit. Mengingat dalam perkembangan ilmu bahan saat ini banyak digunakan komposit dengan penguat serat alam, dan salah satu sifat yang dikaji adalah sifat akustiknya. Kajian ini lebihmenitik beratkan sifat akustik komposit berpenguat serat alam, mengingat selama ini banyak serat alam yang terbuangpercuma menjadi limbahsehingga mencemari lingkungan. Jenis-jenis serat alam yang digunakan sebagai penguatantara lain : serat serabut kelapa, serat jerami, serat batang pisang, serat nenas, serat kapuk dan serat batang kelapasawit, sedangkan frekuensi pengukuran koefisien absorpsi terhadap medium ini berkisar anatra 200 hz sampai dengan1400 hz, dengan ketebalan spesiemn uji antara 2 mm sampai dengan 4 mmdengan menggunakan metode pengujianTabung impedansi 2 mikrophone, sesuai dengan standart ISO 10534-2:1998 and American Standart forTestingMaterials (ASTM E1050-98. Dalam kajian ini diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa pada frekuensi rendah koefisienabsorpsi bahan cukup tinggi antara 0,4 sampai dengan 0,6 dan kemampuan serap bunyi ini akan menurun denganmeningkatnya frekuensi, sedangkan pengaruh ketebalan bahan juga mempengaruhi sifat akustiknya.Kata kunci: komposit, serat alam, koefisien absorpsi, tabung impedansi Abstract: In the propagation of sound waves can be prevented by using a medium that has properties soundproofed, so that thetransmitted energy to be able to be reduced / inhibited by the medium. One method that can be used to determine theability of damping (absorption coefficient of a

  14. E-Book Technology and Its Use E-Kitap Teknolojisi ve Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Rukancı

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The book industry that showed extraordinary development with the invention of printing machine by Johann Gutenberg during the 1450's is constantly changing along with new telecommunication and information technologies. The most recent evolution in the book and publishing industry is electronic books. E-book technology supported by hardware, software and standart protocols and some of its advantage and disadvantages had produced e-book readers that became unseparable part of our academic and daily life. E-books, in recent years, has became more widespread in the areas of publishing, education and information services and are reaching larger user groups. It is expected that this new technology will change our way of information acquisition and dissemination. This seems unavoidable despite the views of those who argue that e-books cannot be an alternative to printed books. Widespread of e-books will be added a new dimension to technical and user services in information centers. 1450'li yıllarda Johann Gutenberg'in matbca makinesini icat etmesiyle oldukça büyük bir gelişim gösteren kitap endüstrisi, iletişim ve bilgi teknolojilerine paralel olarak sürekli bir değişim içindedir. Bu değişimin son halkasını kitap endüstrisinde ve yayıncılık sektöründe devrimsel bir nitelik taşıyan elektronik kitaplar oluşturmaktadır. Yazılım, donanım, standart ve protokol bileşenlerinden oluşan e-kitap teknolojisi, bir takım avantaj ve dezavantajlarıyla beraber birçok yeni ekitap okuma cihazının akademik ve gündelik yaşantımıza girmesine neden olmuştur. E-kitaplar, günümüzde yayıncılık, eğitim ve bilgi hizmetleri alanlarında gelişme göstermekte, gün geçtikçe artan sayılarıyla daha geniş kullanıcı kitlelerine hitap etmektedir. Basılı kitaplara alternatif olabileceği tartışılmakta olan bu teknolojinin zamanla bilgi edinme ve bilgiyi yayma yöntemlerimizi değiştirmesi kaçınılmazdır. E-kitapların yayg

  15. SINTESIS DAN KARAKTERISASI BIODIESEL DARI MINYAK KEMIRI SUNAN (Reutealis trisperma DENGAN VARIASI KONSENTRASI KATALIS NAOH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holilah -

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis biodiesel dari minyak Kemiri Sunan (Reutealis trisperma (RTO menggunakan NaOH sebagai katalis dengan variasi konsentrasi katalis yaitu 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 dan 2,0 wt% telah diteliti. Minyak kemiri sunan (Reutealis trisperma adalah bahan baku yang menarik untuk produksi biodiesel. Biodiesel disintesis dengan dua tahap reaksi yaitu esterifikasi menggunakan katalis H2SO4 dan transesterifikasi dengan menggunakan katalis NaOH. Dalam penelitian ini, diteliti pengaruh konsentrasi katalis terhadap produk biodisel serta dan karakteristiknya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa yield biodiesel meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi katalis dari 0,5-1,0 wt%, selanjutnya dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi katalis dari 1,5-2,0 wt% membuat yield menurun. Yield optimum dicapai pada 84,7%. FAME (fatty  acid  methyl  ester diperoleh dengan konsentrasi katalis 1 wt% pada kondisi reaksi 65°C, waktu reaksi 1 jam dan rasio metanol minyak 1:2 (wt/wt. Karakteristik biodiesel diamati dengan uji standart bahan bakar dan hasilnya dibandingkan dengan standart ASTM D6751-02. Karakteristik biodiesel yang disintesis dengan konsentrasi katalis NaOH 1% adalah angka asam (0,55 mg KOH/g, densitas (0,90 gr/cm3, viskositas pada 40°C (9,2 cSt, angka setana (54,5 dan residu karbon (0,24 wt%/wt. This research was investigated bio diesel synthesis of Reutealis trisperma oil (RTO by using NaOH as a catalist with variation of catalyst concentration as follow 0.5; 1.0; 1.5 and 2,0 wt% . Reutealis trisperma oil is an attractive raw material for  bio diesel production. It was produced by two steps of reactions, they are esterification by using H2SO4 catalyst and transesterification by using NaOH catalyst. This study examined the effect of catalyst concentration on the yield of biodiesel and their selected properties. The result showed, that the bio diesel yield  with catalyst concentration increasing from 0,5-1,0 wt%, increased, while increasing the concentration from 1

  16. ANALISIS SPASIAL PADA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB MALARIA DI DESA PANUSUPAN KECAMATAN REMBANG DAN DESA SIDAREJA KECAMATAN KALIGONDANG KABUPATEN PURBALINGGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widiarti Widiarti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMalaria seringkali muncul pada kejadian luar biasa (KLB maupun peningkatan kasus baik di Jawa maupun di luar Jawa. Dilaporkannya peningkatan kasus atau KLB malaria di Kabupaten Purbalingga menimbulkan pemikiran faktor-faktor apa yang mempengaruhi terjadinya KLB malaria. Tujuan penelitian adalah analisis spasial kasus malaria, konfirmasi vektor yang berperan dalam penularan malaria dan bioekologi nyamuk tersangka vektor. Lokasi penelitian di Desa Panusupan Kecamatan Rembang dan Desa Sidareja Kecamatan Kaligondang Kabupaten Purbalingga Jawa Tengah. Konfirmasi vektor dilakukan dengan elisa sporozoit dari semua nyamuk Anopheles sp yang diperoleh. Analisis kasus malaria digunakan metoda GIS dan dilanjutkan uji spatially weighted regression (spatial error model dengan GeoDa. Survei entomologi dilakukan sesuai standart penangkapan nyamuk oleh WHO. Hasil penelitian diperoleh informasi bahwa berdasarkan  elisa  sporozoit,  vektor  yang  berperan  di  Desa  Panusupan  Kecamatan  Rembang  adalah Anopheles maculatus hasil penangkapan hinggap pada manusia diluar rumah pada jam 18.00. Kejadian luar biasa malaria di Kabupaten Purbalingga, semula kasus import namun karena keberadaan vektor (daerah reseptif, sehingga terjadi penularan lokal. Analisis spasial kasus malaria di kedua desa mengelompok dan berdekatan dengan habitat perkembangbiakan An. maculatus yaitu ditepi aliran sungai. Mencermati vektor yang berperan di daerah KLB adalah An. maculatus dengan aktivitas sore sampai malam hari, maka perlu diinformasikan kepada masyarakat agar menjaga tidak kontak dengan nyamuk dan melindungi masyarakat dengan kelambu berinsektisida yang mempunyai daya lindung lama (LLIN sehingga dapat mengurangi terjadinya penularan.Kata Kunci : analisis spasial, KLB, Anopheles maculatus dan malariaAbstractMalaria outbreak or increase cases has came up very often inside or outside of Java Island. The increase malaria cases from Purbalingga Regency is reported

  17. Quality parameters of curd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Pytel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was measurement of the curd firmness prepared by different volume of rennet solution and comparison of differences of curd firmness between these volumes. Further, it was observed the influence of different volumes of rennet up to thevolume of whey release, curd firmness, dry matter of curd and dry matter of whey. The composition of milk was determined according ISO and Czech state standard. Dry matter content (% was determined by gravimetry, in drying oven at 102 °C to constant weight (ISO 6731:2010, the protein content (% by Kjeldahl´s method (EN ISO 8968-1:2002, content of fat (% by Gerber´s acidobutyrometric method (ISO 2446:2008, content of lactose by polarimetry, titratable acidity by titration Soxhlet-Henkel method, pH and calcium content in milk (g.L-1 was determined by complexometric titration with flueroxone as an indicator according to Czech state standart No 57 0530. For coagulation was used microbial rennet CHY-MAXRM 200. There were measured: curd firmness, rennet coagulation time, curd quality, volume of released whey, weight of curd, dry matter of curd and dry matter of whey. Different volumes of rennet solution had influence on curd firmness. Curd firmness (volume of rennet solution had no significant influence on curd quality (five grade scale. Curd firmness had influence on volume of whey release (mL out of the curd. With the increasing curd firmness s increased the volume of whey released from the curd. The volume of rennet solution had an influence on weight of curd. Curd dry matter raised with higher volume of rennet solution. Volume of added rennet solution had no statistically significant effect on the change of whey dry matter. 

  18. Frequency of Osteoporosis and Osteopenia According To Bone Mineral Density of Proximal Femur Subregions in Normal and Osteopenic Postmenopausal Women With Respect to Total Hip Bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Ersöz

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study 29 normal (mean age: 65.6 ± 5.1 years and 33 osteopenic (mean age: 67.6 ± 4.9 years postmenopausal women according to total bone mineral density (BMD of the hip were evaluated for BMD values of subregions of proximal femur. The percentages for osteoporosis and osteopenia with respect to subregions were 13.8% and 58.6% for femoral neck and 20.7% and 41.4% for Ward’s triangle in normal group. In trochanteric and intertrochanteric measurements there were no T scores below –2.5 but 17.2% of the subjects were osteopenic with regard to trochanteric and 6.9% were osteopenic due to intertrochanteric BMD values. The percentages for osteoporosis and osteopenia with respect to subregion measurements were 57.6% and 42.4% for femoral neck, 60.6% and 36.4% for Ward’s triangle, 3% and 78.8% for trochanteric, 9.1% and 87.9% for intertrochanteric regions in osteopenic group according to total hip values. Knowing that hip fracture risk is increasing 2-3 fold for 1 standart deviation decrease from the young adult mean value for all subregions and knowing the relation between cervical hip fractures and BMD values of Ward’s triangle and femoral neck and the relation between intertrochanteric fractures and trochanteric BMD values, it is recommended to evaluate the BMD values of subregions of the hip besides the total hip values in daily practice.

  19. Studi Eksperimen Pengaruh Ukuran Partikel Batubara Pada Swirling Fluidized Bed Dryer Terhadap Karakteristik Pengeringan Batubara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal Fanani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Desain suatu PLTU salah satunya dibuat berdasarkan kualitas batubara yang akan digunakan sebagai bahan bakar. Pada PLTU batubara dibakar didalam boiler, didalam boiler terdapat pulverizer yang berfungsi untuk menghaluskan batubara dan menambah pasokan batubara kedalam boiler jika batubara didalam boiler memiliki nilai heating value rendah. Dengan menggunakan batubara dengan kualitas rendah maka suplai batubara yang dibutuhkan untuk memanaskan boiler  akan semakin banyak, hal ini bisa mengakibatkan kerja dari pulverizer akan semakin berat. Indonesia sendiri merupakan salah satu negara penghasil batubara terbersa didunia. Namun hampir 80% batubara yang dihasilkan tergolong batubara rendah dan sedang [1] . Untuk meningkatkan nilai kalor batubara perlu dilakukan pengeringan untuk mengurangi kadar air dalam batubara. Eksperimen dilakukan dengan mengeringkan batubara didalam chamber dengan temperature udara 550C, sudut blade 200 dan massa pengeringan sebanyak 600gram, variasi ukuran partikel batubara 5mm, 10mm, 15mm. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menimbang berat batubara setiap satu menit sebanyak 5 kali  , dua menit sebanyak 3 kali, dan lima menit sebanyak 4 kali. Data yang diperoleh berupa relative humidity udara, temperature udara, berat sampel basah dan berat sampel kering. Pengambilan data berat sampel kering dilakukan berdasarkan standart ASTM D5142 dengan pengeringan pada temperatur 1050C selama 3 jam. Dari hasil eksperimen didapat bahwa proses pelepasan massa uap air paling banyak terjadi pada lima menit pertama yang ditandai dengan penurunan moisture content paling besar. Pada partikel batubara ukuran 5mm,10mm,15mm didapat moisture content terendah berturut-turut sebesar  6,48 %, 7,66 %, 7,47 %. Untuk laju pengeringan didapat nilai terendah berturut-turut sebesar 0,062 gram/menit, 0,104 gram/menit, 0,023 gram/menit,  sedangkan selisih humidity ratio ( ɷ2-ɷ1 didapat nilai terendah berturut turut sebesar 0,0072gram/kg dry air, 0

  20. Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (RDW in thorougbred horses from 12 to 24 months of age/ Valores da amplitude de distribuição do tamanho dos eritrócitos (RDW – Red Cell Distribution Width em equinos da raça puro sangue inglês (PSI de ambos os sexos de 12 a 24 meses de idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Souza Lopes

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to establish reference values for red blood cell distribution width (RDW in health horses. We obtained blood samples through jugular punctured from 90 clinicaly health thorougbred horses between 12 and 24 months of age. Blood was obtained in a Cell-Dyn 3500 (Abbott Diagnostic cell counter. Mean ± standart deviation values for RDW in male horses were 26,90 ± 1,41, whereas in females values were 26,89 ± 1,75. There were no differences in the RDW values between sexes, therefore, our reference values can be used in both males and females.O objetivo do presente estudo foi estabelecer valores da amplitude de distribuição do tamanho dos eritrócitos (RDW em eqüinos clinicamente sadios. Foram utilizadas 90 amostras de sangue de eqüinos da raça Puro Sangue Inglês (PSI, clinicamente sadios de 12 a 24 meses de idade, obtidas por venipunção jugular em tubos à vácuo contendo EDTA 10%. Posteriormente as amostras foram processadas no contador automático de células Cell-Dyn 3500 (Abbott Diagnostic. Os valores médios e o desvios-padrão para o RDW (% de machos foi de 26,90 ± 1,41 e para as fêmeas de 26,89 ± 1,75. Os resultados demonstram não haver diferenças nos valores de RDW para machos e fêmeas, podendo ser utilizados como referência para ambos os sexos.

  1. Trace element geochemistry of metapelitic rocks of the Medio Rio Doce, Minas Gerais region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sad, J.H.G.

    1983-01-01

    Representatives samples of schists and gneisses, which was metamorphosed in the sillimanite isograde, have been submited to spectrographic analyses for trace-elements. The concentrations and standart deviation (in ppm) are: Be:6,25 (3,6); Sc:29 (12); Ti:5714 (2102); V:111,5 (29); Cr:118 (78); Co:17 (11); Ni:44 (25); Cu:24 (22); Ga:30 (20); Sr:134 (70); Y:51 (21); Zr:241 (69); Nb:24 (9); Mo:4,4 (1,2); Sn:11,5 (6); Ba:601 (314); La:112 (27); Pb:54 (58). The statistic error in the determination of the average concentrations is less than 15% por Ti, V, Zr, Mo and La, between 15% and 25% for Be, Sc, Ni, Sr, Y, Nb, Sn and Ba. The error for Cr, Co and Ga is between 25% and 30%. Cu and Pb show error near 40%. The figures indicate slight variations in the original composition of the rocks, which seems to be typical of a graywacke geosinclin association. The results show a very large similarity with the world average for 'shales', in relation to Ba, Cr, Co, Nb, Ti, V, Zr. For La, Ga, Pb, Mo, Sn, Sc, Be and Y the results are quite greater, while for Cu, Ni and Sr are smaller. There is good positive correlation between Ba-La, Ba-Sr, Be-Mo, Be-Sn, Y-Nb, Ga-Sn, Ga-Ba and Ga-La. As the elements La, Ga, Mo, etc. show hight values in relation to the known concentration levels in pelitic rocks, and considering the correlation between them, we believe that a metasomatism process rock place in the region, with introduction of that elements, from intrusive granite rocks. (Author) [pt

  2. ADSORPSI LOGAM BESI (FE SUNGAI BARITO MENGGUNAKAN ADSORBEN DARI BATANG PISANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Hidayah

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Grounded on BLHD’s report of South Borneo on 2009, Fe contents in Barito river achieve 2,5455 mg/L. This level pass by KEPMENKES on 2002 which only permit Fe contents in water as many 0,3 mg/L. The goals of this research are to study ability of banana stem to decrease Fe contents in water sample of Barito river. Knowing the best adsorbent condition to decrease Fe contents in Barito river based on variations of activation process, kind of activator, adsorbent diameter size, stirring of velocity and adsorption duration as well as to find water of Barito river which appropriate with clean or drink water standart based on KEPMENKES on 2002.This research started with adsorption process and finishing with filtration process. Banana stem is washed until clean and then cut to small slice to abridge vaporization of water contents when is hoted under the sun. The dried banana stem be broken with blender. Banana stem is screned to find diameter size as big as 20, 30 and 40 mesh. Then, banana stem is activated using KMnO4 ­0,1 M dan ZnCl2 0,1 M solution during 24 hours. Whereas in physics activation, banana stem is pyrolysed during 30 minute at 500oC. Activated carbon is used to adsorption with some variation. The result will test use spectofotometry.Result of this research indicate that banana stem can decrease Fe content in water of Barito river. Activated carbon with size 40 mesh which use physic-chemical activation with KMnO40,1 M solution as well as 150 rpm strring velocity and ahour adsorption duration give the best result.

  3. Determination of the Burnout Levels of Workers and Factors Affecting It in a District Municipality, in Central Ankara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burcu Kucuk Bicer

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The study aimed to assess the burnout levels of municipality workers and the factors affecting it. Method: The descriptive study was carried out in a municipality in Ankara. The data was collected under observation. A standart questionnaire composed of some descriptive features, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and General Health Survey-12 (GSA-12 questions was used. SPSS 15.0 statistical programme was used for analysis (alpha value was taken as 0.05. Also logistic regression was used in advanced analysis in order to determine the factors effecting burnout. Results: In the study, 48.0% of the workers were female and their age was between the ages of 20 to 61 years. Women, workers between 30-39 years old, who are in risk according to GHQ-12 and with chronical diseases got scores over median value from all three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalization (D and personal accomplishment (PA. According to logistic regression results, gender, graduation from college, chronical disease and GHQ-12 was related with EE, whereas marital status, number of children, GHQ-12 scores, EE and PA was related with D. PA was found related with GHQ-12 scores, number of children and D scores. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that burnout was found to be related with gender, chronical disease and mental health symptoms. Because this is a descriptive study precautionary approach to the results is needed. Determination of confounding factors by using similar models will be helpful to show the major effecting factors of burnout. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(6.000: 673-680

  4. The Effect of Lidocaine Enriched Cardioplegia on Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Ata

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Most of the complications after open heart surgery is usually associated with ischemia reperfusion injury that develops during cardiopulmoner bypass. In ischemia and reperfusion periods lidocaine blocks intracelluler sodium and calcium channels and protect cell membrane against reactive oxygen metabolites. In this study, lidocaine added to cardioplegia solution and its effects on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury was examined. Material and Method: 36 patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass surgery in our clinic between September 2005 and April 2006 was studied. Patients included into two groups. In study group patients (groupe I 2 mg/kg lidocaine was added into cardioplegia solution that is used during aortic cross clamp period; standart cardioplegia solution was used in control group patients (group II. Postoperative 6. and 24. hours cardiac enzyme levels, inotropic support requirement and atrial fibrilation incidence were compared in both groups. Results: In this study, 36 patients (13 women, 23 man whose average age was 63(±5,5, age range 50-70 years and ventriculer functions were not deformed (EF>40% were involved. There were no significantly differences in demographic datas between towo groups. There were no significantly differences in postoperative 6. and 24. hours troponin-I and CK-MB levels, inotropic support or defibrilation requirement and postoperative atrial fibrilation incidence between two groups. Discussion: Addition of 2 mg/kg dosage lidocaine into cardioplegia solution dont effect cardiac enzyme levels, inotropic support requirement and postoperative atrial fibrilation insidence and it doesnt prevent ischemia-reperfusion injury.

  5. Optimization of RPLC Conditions for Quantitative Analysis of Atorvastatin and Rosuvastatin in Pharmaceutical Dosage Form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra ÜSTÜN

    2016-05-01

    Özet: Bu çalışmada, atorvastatin (ATV ve rosuvastatinin (RSV eş zamanlı tayini için ters faz sıvı kromatografi (RPLC metodu geliştirilmiş ve valide edilmiştir. Ayırmada X Terra C18 (250 mm x 4,6 mm, 5µm kolon kullanılmış ve 244 nm’ de yürütülen çalışmada akış hızı 1 mL dakika-1 olarak belirlenmiştir. Tanımlanan metodun doğrusal aralığı ATV için 3-13 µg mL-1, RSV için 4-14 µg mL-1olarak belirlenmiştir. Deneyde iç standart (IS olarak Losartan kullanılmıştır. ATV ve RSV için dedeksiyon limiti (LOD değerleri sırasıyla 0,133 ve 0,221 µg mL-1 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Kantitasyon limiti (LOQ değerleri ise ATV ve RSV için sırasıyla 0,473 ve 0,970 µg mL-1 olarak tayin edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara bakılarak, önerilen RPLC metodu ATV, RSV ve bunların farmasötik dozaj formlarının rutin analizlerinde kullanılabilir olduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Metot optimizasyonu, validasyon, eş zamanlı tayin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin

  6. Frequency of Verbal Forms and Language Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timur I. Galeev

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article offers the description of a modern experiment, which gives the possibility of complex information extraction about the cognitive structure of the linguistic evolution of Language Standart (Norm. The study was conducted using the Google Books Corpus, which provides unprecedented opportunities for linguistic studies. The purpose of the experiment was to identify the patterns of competing forms evolution within the center of the verbal paradigm (3Sg and 3Pl on the basis of the data concerning the frequency of their use. The study was conducted on the material of excess verb forms with the variability of a/o vowels in a root (обусловливать/обуславливать. The graphs for variable word form competition clearly illustrate that the process of norm change consists of stages, each of which has numerical characteristics of two competing word form use. The chronological frameworks for an inflectional model change are established with the accuracy of up to 10 years. The graphs obtained as the result of the experiment make it possible to conclude that almost half of the verbs were not variative, although they previously considered. During the discussion of the obtained empirical data, a conclusion is made about the morphemic structure of a word, in which a root vowel changes. Possessing the information about similar processes in other verb paradigms, researchers are able to predict a possible change of inflectional models in the future and, as a consequence, the fixing of a new norm in lexicographical, orthographic and orthoepic sources.

  7. Severe gastritis decreases success rate of Helicobacter pylori eradication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalkan, Ismail Hakki; Sapmaz, Ferdane; Güliter, Sefa; Atasoy, Pınar

    2016-05-01

    In several studies, different risk factors other than antibiotic resistance have been documented with Helicobacter pylori eradication failure. We aimed in this study to investigate the relationship of gastric density of H. pylori, the occurrence/degree of gastric atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia (IM) with success rate of H. pylori eradication. Two hundred consecutive treatment naive patients who received bismuth containing standart quadruple treatment due to H. pylori infection documented by histopathological examination of two antral or two corpal biopsies entered this retrospective study. The updated Sydney system was used to grade the activity of gastritis, density of H. pylori colonization, atrophy, and IM. Stages III and IV of operative link for gastritis assessment (OLGA) or the operative link on gastric intestinal metaplasia assessment (OLGIM) stages was considered as severe gastritis. H. pylori eradication was determined via stool H. pylori antigen test performed 4 weeks after the end of therapy. The presence of gastric atrophy and IM was significantly higher in patients with eradication failure (p = 0.001 and 0.01, respectively). Severe gastritis (OLGA III-IV and OLGIM III-IV) rates were higher in eradication failure group. A multiple linear regression analysis showed that OLGA and OLGIM stages were to be independent risk factors for eradication failure (p = 0.03 and 0.01, respectively). Our results suggested that histopathologically severe gastritis may cause H. pylori eradication failure. In addition, we found that H. pylori density was not a risk factor for treatment failure in patients who receive quadruple treatment.

  8. The Examination of Life Satisfaction Levels of Individuals Practici ng S port at Private Sport Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf BARSBUĞA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study wa s to measure and evaluate the life satisfaction level s in the individuals doing sport at private sport c enters. The search group was made of 75 female, 125 male attendants randomly chosen from the members doing sport regular l y at the private sport center called Maximum Fitness Center located in Konya throughout one year. In this study based on the scanning (survey method, The Satisfaction with Life Sca le (SWLS, which was develop ed by Diener et al. (1985 , wh ose validity and reliability were performed by Yetim (1993 , was used herein . The SPSS 16.0 statistically package program wa s used to evaluate the data and determine the calculated values. T he data were summarized by giving the average and standart deviation s. It has been determined that the data did not show a normal distribution ; the Mann Whitney U Test wa s used during the dual league comparisons, the Kruskal Walliz H Test wa s used during the multiple comparisons of data. The error lev el w as regarded as 0.05 in this study. In the result s of the research, while evaluating the life s atisfaction levels of the individuals doing sport at private sport centers due to the gender parameter, a statistically meaningful difference w as observed in f avour of married members. While a statistical ly meaningful difference was not found in the life satisfaction levels of the members attending in the survey in accordance with the education a nd age parameter s , it was seen that the members with an income of 1000 TL and over had a higher life satisfaction level than the members with an income of 1000 TL and below in accordance with the income parameter .

  9. Medical biomodelling in surgical applications: results of a multicentric European validation of 466 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, J; Vitt, K D; Erben, C M; Bill, J S; Busch, L C

    2003-01-01

    The study started in September 1999 and ended in April 2002. It is based on a questionnaire [www.phidias.org] assessing case-related questions due to the application of stereolithographic models. Each questionnaire contains over 50 items. These variables take into account diagnosis, indications and benefits of stereolithographic models with view on different steps of the surgical procedures: preoperative planning, intraoperative application and overall outcome after surgical intervervention. These questionnaires were completed by the surgeons who performed operation. Over the time course of our multicentric study (30 months), we evaluated 466 cases. The study population consists of n=231 male and n= 235 female patients. 54 surgeons from 9 European countries were involved. There are main groups of diagnosis that related to the use of a model. Most models were used in maxillofacial surgery. The operative planning may help to determine the resection line of tumor and optimize reconstructive procedures. Correction of large calvarian defects can be simulated and implants can be produced preoperatively. Overall in 58 % of all cases a time- saving effect was reported. The study strongly suggests, that medical modeling has utility in surgical specialities, especially in the craniofacial and maxillofacial area, however increasingly in the orthopedic field. Due to our results, medical modeling optimizes the preoperative surgical planning. Surgeons are enabeled to perform realistic and interactive simulations. The fabrication of implants, its design and fit on the model, allow to reduce operation time and in consequence risk and cost of operation. In addition, the understanging of volumetric data is improved, especially if medical models are combined with standart imaging modalities. Finally, surgeons are able to improve communication between their patientents and colleagues.

  10. Theoretical Investigation of Vibrational Frequencies for Tetrabromopalladate (II Ion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin Bilge

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The normal mode frequencies and corresponding vibrational assignments of tetrabromopalladate (II ion ([Pd(Br4]2- have been theoretically examined by means of standard quantum chemical technique. All normal modes have been successfully assigned utilizing the D4h symmetry of [Pd(Br4]2-. Calculation has been performed at the Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP density functional method using the Lanl2dz basis set. Infrared intensities and Raman activities have also been calculated and reported. Theoretical results have been successfully compared against available experimental data. Key words: [Pd(Br4]2-, DFT, vibrational assignment, normal mode frequency, Lanl2dz Tetrabromopaladyum (II İyonunun Titreşim Frekanslarının Teorik Olarak İncelenmesi Tetrabromopaladyum (II iyonunun ([Pd(Br4]2- normal mod frekansları ve bunlara karşılık gelen titreşim işaretlemeleri standart kuantum kimyasal teknik yardımıyla teorik olarak incelenmektedir. Tüm normal modlar [Pd(Br4]2- iyonunun D4h nokta grubu kullanılarak başarılı bir şekilde işaretlenmiştir. Hesaplama Lanl2dz baz seti kullanılarak B3LYP (Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr yoğunluk fonksiyonel metoduyla gerçekleştirilmiş ve infrared intensiteleri ile Raman aktiviteleri de hesaplanmıştır. Teorik sonuçlar mevcut deneysel değerler ile başarılı bir şekilde karşılaştırılmaktadır. Anahtar kelimeler: [Pd(Br4]2-, DFT, titreşim işaretlemesi, normal mod frekansı, Lanl2dz

  11. Extraction by Dry Rendering Methode and Characterization Fish Oil of Catfish Viscera Fat by Product of Smooked Fish Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamini Kamini

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe catfish viscera fat, is cathfish processing by-products, has potential to be used as a source of rawmaterial for production of fish oil. This study aimed to analyze the value of proximate, heavy metal contentand fatty acid profile of catfish viscera fat (Pangasius hypopthalmus and characterized fish oil extracted bydry rendering in various temperature and time than compared it to fish oil extracted by stove heating toobtain the best treatment. Proximate, heavy metal residue, and the fatty acid profile analysis were conductedfor characterizing catfish viscera fat. Fish oil extraction was conducted by dry rendering in varioustemperatures of 50, 60, 70, 80 °C for 1, 2, and 3 hours. Fish oil quality was determined by the chemicalcharacteristics i.e. PV, FFA, anisidin and TOTOX. The results of the study showed that fat content of catfishfat viscera was 88.19 %, the heavy metals content was below SNI standart to be consumed, and fatty acidprofile composition was SFA>MUFA>PUFA. The highest fatty acid content was oleic acid. The best fish oilquality was resulted on temperature extraction of 50°C for 2 hours with yield value, PV, FFA, anisidin, andTOTOX were 45.17 %, 2.77 meq/kg, 0.83 %, 2.86 meq/kg, 8.39 meq/kg respectively. This result was notsignificantly different with fish oil extracted by the stove heating expect for yield and PV were 80.11% and6.52 meq/kg, respectively.

  12. Arenavirus Infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim Mattar V

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The infectious syndromes associated with arenaviruses in South America are four: febrile syndrome of viral origin; Haemorrhagic fevers with or without neurological involvement; Aseptic meningitis and meningo-encephalitis. Among the Arenavirus of the new world is the Tacaribe complex where the viruses are found: Junín (Argentina, Guanarito (Venezuela, Machupo (Bolivia and Sabiá (Brazil, which are characterized by hemorrhagic fevers. In Colombia the arenavirus Pichindé was isolated in 1965, from the rodent Oryzomys albigularis, in the valley of Pichindé (Valle del Cauca. This arenavirus produces a persistent infection in its host and is not pathogenic for the man. There is evidence of the circulation of the Guanarito virus in rodents from Córdoba, but there are no cases diagnosed in humans; In Colombia, the genome of the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus was detected in the brains of rodents Mus musculus. The diagnosis is based on the knowledge of local epidemiology and the suspicion of a patient with fever in endemic areas, where infections such as malaria, dengue and leptospirosis, sepsis of bacterial origin and rickectomy have been excluded. Virus isolation in the feverish period is the gold standart, but it implies contact with the virus that is highly infectious, which represents a public health problem. Serology has been used for diagnosis, but there is no commercial evidence and only research groups and large public health laboratories have these tests. Most of the patients present a moderate severity, which needs adequate hydration, antipyretics and anti-inflammatories. All patients with severe signs should be aggressively treated. The use of drugs has not demonstrated a decrease in mortality but a significant reduction in viremia.

  13. Distribution of aflatoxins in corn fractions visually segregated for defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedade Fabiana Segatti

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The aflatoxin distribution in corn fractions obtained after visual segregation for defects in 30 samples, known to be contaminated, was studied. Each sample was passed through a 5.0 mm round holes sieve, graded for defects and then segregated in sound kernels (regular kernels and non-sound kernels (injured, germinated, fermented, moldy, heated, insect damaged, immature, broken, hollow, fermented up to ¼, discolored, extraneous materials, and injured by other causes, as defined by the Brazilian Official Grading rules for corn. The non-sound kernels showed the highest contamination levels in all samples. The contamination levels of non-sound kernels (20% of total weight ranged from 23 to 1,365 µg/kg of aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1 and G2 and were higher than sound kernels (p<1% ranging from not detected (ND to 126 µg/kg and in 87% of these the aflatoxin contents were lower than 20 µg/kg. Statistically significant correlation indexes were found among the percentage of defective groups like fermented, heated and sprouted kernels or the total injured kernels, and the estimated contamination levels for the sound and non sound fractions. It was concluded that the non-sound kernels fraction, even being small in weight, has contributed with 84% of the estimated contamination of the samples. The segregation of the non-sound kernels would favor a reduction in the contamination of corn lots. The poorer quality corn types (types 3 and Bellow Standart have predominated among samples of the experiment.

  14. Tsallis q-triplet and Stock Market Indices: The cases of S & P 500 and TVIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Iliopoulos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we present results of the evaluation of q − triplet of Tsallis non-extensive statistics concerning two time stock market time series, Standart & Poor’s 500 (S & P 500 and TVIX. The analysis of the results, support the hypothesis in which economic dynamics from physical point of view correspond to far from equilibrium spatial distributed non-linear dynamics. In particular, the analysis of the stock market time series revealed underlying complex dynamics, indicating clearly that the statistics of the dynamics in the multifractal phase space can be described by Tsallis distribution functions of power law and heavy tails forms. The non-extensive character of the underlying dynamics is related to the existence of long range interactions in space and time, as well as the interaction in many scales. In addition, the detailed analysis of S & P index unraveled the existence of non-equilibrium phase transitions depicted clearly in the variations of Tsallis q-triplet values. These phase transitions are connected with non-equilibrium stationary states of economical dynamics derived from processes of strong self organization which correspond to local maxima of Tsallis entropy, while the changes in the control parameters can induce new phase transitions and shifts to new metaequilibrium steady states of maximizing Tsallis entropy. These phase transitions lead to changes in Tsallis qtriplet values which correspond to multi-fractal changes in the formation of the phase state and an alteration in the phenomenology of the economical system. Finally, these characteristics also indicate the existence of fractional dynamics in the phase space which can be described through fractional Fokker-Planck equations and anomalous diffusion equations. The solutions of these equations are fractional spatiotemporal functions and non-Gaussian distributions functions which fall into the category of Levy distributions and Tsallis distributions.

  15. Extraction by Dry Rendering Methode and Characterization Fish Oil of Catfish (Pangasius hypopthalmus Viscera Fat by Product of Smooked Fish Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamini Kamini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The catfish viscera fat, is cathfish processing by-products, has potential to be used as a source ofraw material for production of fish oil. This study aimed to analyze the value of proximate, heavy metalcontent and fatty acid profile of catfish viscera fat (Pangasius hypopthalmus and characterized fish oilextracted by dry rendering in various temperature and time than compared it to fish oil extracted by stoveheating to obtain the best treatment. Proximate, heavy metal residue, and the fatty acid profile analysiswere conducted for characterizing catfish viscera fat. Fish oil extraction was conducted by dry renderingin various temperatures of 50, 60, 70, 80 °C for 1, 2, and 3 hours. Fish oil quality was determined by thechemical characteristics i.e. PV, FFA, anisidin and TOTOX. The results of the study showed that fat contentof catfish fat viscera was 88.19 %, the heavy metals content was below SNI standart to be consumed, and fattyacid profile composition was SFA>MUFA>PUFA. The highest fatty acid content was oleic acid. The best fishoil quality was resulted on temperature extraction of 50°C for 2 hours with yield value, PV, FFA, anisidin,and TOTOX were 45.17 %, 2.77 meq/kg, 0.83 %, 2.86 meq/kg, 8.39 meq/kg respectively. This result was notsignificantly different with fish oil extracted by the stove heating expect for yield and PV were 80.11% and6.52 meq/kg, respectively.

  16. MULTI-LINK SUPPORT FOR IPV6 NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cüneyt Akınlar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available IPv6 ağ konfigürasyonu için genel pratik ağ üzerindeki her fiziksel bağ için ayrı bir altağ öneki atamaktır. Bu uygulama hem birden fazla ağ öneki gereksimine sebep olur, hem de elle yönetim ve konfigürasyon gerektirir. Buna alternatif konfigürasyon yöntemi bütün bağları IPv6 seviyesinde bir köprü ile bağlamak ve bu sayede bütün ağ için tek bir ağ öneki ataması yapmaktır. Bu metoda çoklu-bağ öneki ismi verilir. Bu makalede IPv6 ağları için çoklu-bağ öneki oto-konfigürasyonu konusu ele alınmıştır. Öncelikle tek yönlendiricili ağlar için coklu-bağ desteğinin nasıl gerçekleneceği tarif edilmiş, daha sonra bu yöntemin çok yönlendiricili ağlara nasıl uygulanacağı anlatılmıştır. Önerilen oto-konfigürasyon yöntemleri standart alıcı otokonfigürasyon protokollerini tamamlamakta ve IPv6 ağlarının yaygın kurulum ve kullanımları için gerekli tak-çalıştır metodolojine olanak sağlamaktadır

  17. Association of Some Environmental Factors with Breath Carbon Monoxide Levels of Some Taxi Drivers in Ankara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oguz Baran

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Taxi drivers are among the occupational groups with the highest smoking prevalence and exposure to carbon monoxide (CO. This study aimed to measure breath CO levels of some taxi drivers working in Ankara and to find out some associated factors (if any. METHOD: The descriptive study was carried out with 173 taxi drivers from 14 different taxi stations in the center of Ankara. Data was collected by face to face interviews with a standart questionnaire, while breath CO was measured by a Pi-CO Smokerlyser. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data, whereas chi-square, independant samples t-test and One-Way ANOVA were used to compare groups by SPSS 15.0 statistical package programme. RESULTS: In the study, all of the taxi drivers (n=173 were male with a mean age of 39.2±9.6 years. Of the drivers, 58.4% were current smokers, whereas 75.1% were exposed to enviromental tobacco smoke. The frequency of indoor smoking in the taxi stations, taxis and drivers’ homes were 48.0%, 45.1%, and 59.0%, respectively. The mean breath CO level of the drivers was 16.9±12.8 ppm. CO level was positively associated with the current smoking status, total years of smoking, number of cigarettes smoked per day and passive exposure to tobacco smoke, whereas the association was negative with the elapsed time from the last cigarette smoked (p0.05. CONCLUSION: Results of the study provide evidence in support of the previous literature that smoking is one of the most important sources of carbonmonoxide. Interventions such as awareness raising trainings, referral of smokers willing to quit smoking to smoking cessation centers and screening programmes for smoking related diseases are needed to be implemented in collaboration with the relevant drivers’ associations. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(6.000: 591-596

  18. Evaluasi Human Machine Interface Menggunakan Kriteria Usability Pada Sistem E-learning Perguruan Tinggi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Qashlim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Integration HMI with usability in user interface design process is a standart of the success of a website. The design process is done through the approach to the end user to find a problem solution of human machine interface phenomena. It can also generate the maximum level of satisfaction and success of implementation of the website. The purpose of this research is to evaluate HMI using usabilitycriteria to know the application of HMI concept in e-learning and provide proposals for improvements to the HMI. Questionnaire Data were processed using a descriptive analysis and methods of CFA to know the variables that are weakest and which indicators have an important role in shaping the research variables. Evaluation results indicate the application concept of HMI in the e-learning had been done but not the maximum. Data analysis of the results obtained that the main problem lies in the accessibility criteria in the meantime indicator latent variables from forming error prevention, learnability, memorability, visibility and accessibility of influential factor loading values indicated significantly (unidimensionalitas in shaping the criteria of latent variables in first-order CFA. The end result of this research is the proposal of improvement as a HMI solution in the form of principles and technicsuser interface design. This solution is focused on the development of standards for the quality of the interface in e-learning systems and not on the digital learning content presented on the e-learning system. Keywords: Descriptive analisis; Human machine interface; Usability; Confirmatory factor analisys; Elearning

  19. Storage and disposal of medicines by academics from health area from a public university of Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenita Nunes Piveta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Medicines are indispensable tools for the health establishment and care is required in their storage and disposal. This study aimed to verify the form of storage and disposal of medicines by students from the Health SciencesDepartment of a public university in Paraná. A cross-sectional study was conducted with students of Nursing, Pharmacy and Medicine courses from UniversidadeEstadual de Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, through the application of a self-report study. The data collection was performed in the University’s classrooms during the months of May to June of 2014, resulting in 564 students surveyed. It was considered proper disposal when the student referred to disposing the expired or inappropriate for use products in locations that make the collection of these products. The students interviewed had a mean age of 21.0 years (Standart Deviation: 3.3; 74.1% of the total were female. The bedroom was the main location quoted for storage of medicines (47.8% most of them keep the medicines out of reach of children (82.6%. Regarding the verification of the expiration date 60.1% of the students do this practice. Most of (64.5% keeps the remains of treatments for future use, and household waste (63.0% was the main mentioned location for the disposal of those who are expired. Only 20.7% discarded the medicines correctly. The study population stores the products correctly, however, most are largely unaware of the disposal locations. Therefore, it is necessary to promote awareness and guidance for the future professionals.

  20. Social Advertising Quality: Assessment Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Kalmykov

    2017-01-01

    standartization introduction is identified. Conclusions and Relevance: the social advertising quality criterial assessment expansion on scientifically based elements of this complex notion is conducted. Significance of results that are represented in the article is in development of advertising sociology and provides further directions for research.  

  1. Perilaku kekuatan fatigue paduan aluminium seri 2014 akibat proses termomekanikal aging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujita -

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Aluminium alloy seri 2014 is material which is often used in industry. Because excellence of mechanic properties. But also have the weakness at properties of strength fatigue. Though fatigue strength is important parameter in desain, especially if application at condition of dinamic loading, so that need the treatment to improve it. Fatigue strength go together the micro structure and mode of failure of failure of effect of stress concentration. Aging treatment ordinary done not yet given the influence which even on the contrary. Inconsistence of fatigue strength alluminium alloy show the phenomenon which must be research instructing at repair of fatigue strength , so that need the advanced treatment in the form of termomechanical aging. The research conducted by using alluminium alloy series 2014 formed by specimen fatigue test of the size diameter 8 mm and long 87 mm relate at standart (ASTM E 513, continued treatment of termomechanical aging, tested the fatigue, and monitoring microstructure of change. By structure micro, the treatmentTMA have the effect which sicnificant to improvement of Alluminium alloy series 2104 fatigue strength. Generally entire process TMA improve of limit fatigue from specimen at condition early of limit fatigue 48.3 N / mm2 (48.3 MPA, mounting to become 50 until MPA, or mount 3.4 % until 44.9%. With the process of termomechanical aging TMA I, happened the increasing of cycle number equal to, 26.3 %, at treatment of TMA II go up equal to 62 % and 89.8% at process of TMA III, at maximal loading (180 Mpa.

  2. Paraneoplastic pruritus and paraneoplastic erythroderma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Alpsoy

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pruritus and erythroderma could be a presenting sign of numerous internal malignancies. These symptomes can occur in the early stages of internal malignancies or precede them by months. On the other hand, these symptoms can also be caused by various other common conditions; therefore they are not specific for paraneoplastic diseases. This review overviews the current state of knowledge regarding paraneoplastic pruritus and paraneoplastic erythroderma, and highlights the association between these conditions and internal malignancies together with their epidemiological, clinical and diagnostic features. Paraneoplastic pruritus is often generalized with intractable and chronic course. Nocturnal pruritus can be a significant problem for these patients. Patients may present with secondary skin changes including excoriations, hyperpigmentation, lichenification and prurigo nodules. Paraneoplastic pruritus is more commonly known to be in association with Hodgkin lymphoma and other lymphomas, leukemia and polycythemia vera. Paraneoplastic erythroderma is more agressive and resistant to standart treatment modalities. Weakness, and significant weight loss are frequently seen as additional findings. It can be associated with fine scaling and hyperpigmentation (melanoerythroderma. Papuloerythroderma of Ofuji is distinct and rare clinical entity presenting with erythroderma. It is characterized by intensely pruritic and widespread red flat-topped papules. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, especially its leukemic variant Sézary syndrome are the most common cause of paraneoplastic erythroderma. A detailed and meticulous medical history, dermatologic and physical examination including an exam for lymph nodes should be the first step in the evaluation of paraneoplastic pruritus and erythroderma. Subsequent diagnostic testing must be directed in the light of clinical findings, and especially lymphoproliferative diseases should be carefully evaluated. Such a review

  3. Isolamento de agentes bacterianos envolvidos em mastite subclinica bovina no Estado de Pernambuco.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. C. F. Barbalho

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Foram examinadas 43 vacas em lactação totalizando 104 quartos mamários os quais foram positivos ao California Mastitis Test (CMT. Antes da ordenha realizava-se a antisepsia dos quartos mamários e em seguida colhia-se amostras de cinco mL de leite; estas eram homogeneizadas e uma alíquota de 0,01 mL era semeada na superfície de ágar sangue bovino a 5% e incubados em estufa bacteriológica a 37º C ,sendo as leituras efetuadas após 24 e 48 horas de incubação. Staphylococcus sp. foi o agente mais freqüente neste tipo de mastite e na região estudada. PALAVRAS CHAVE: Mastite subclínica, Bovinos, Staphylococcus sp. SUMMARY: In this study were investigated 43 milking cows including 104 quarters of the udder that were positive for California Mastitis Teste (CMT. For that purpose the antisepsis before the milking was performed in the quarters and five ml of milk were colected asseptically and homogenized. Samples of 10 ml were inoculated at surface of Bovine Blood Agar and incubated at 37°C for 24-48 h. Isolates were identifed by Standart Bacteriological Techniques. The results showed that Stapylococcus sp were the microorganism most frequently isolated. KEYWORDS: Subclinical mastitis, Bovine, Staphylococcus sp.

  4. Eğitimde Fırsat Eşitsizliğini Azaltmaya Yönelik Eğilimler: Afrika Verileri Üzerine Ampirik Bir Çalışma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaghouss JABRANE

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma, çeşitli göstergeler kullanılarak Afrika’daki eğitim eşitsizliğine dikkat çekmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Eğitim eşitsizliğini azaltmaya yönelik dinamikler, eğitimde Kuznet Eğrisi’nin geçerliliği bağlamında ele alınmıştır. Ortaya çıkan sonuçlar, Kuznet Eğrisi’nin şeklinin ortalama eşitsizliğinin ölçülmesine bağlı olduğunu önermektedir. Kuznet Eğrisi’ne bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan varsayımlar öğretim verilerinin standart sapmasına bağlı olarak test edilmiştir. Aynı zamanda çalışmada kullanılan Gini İndeksi ortalama eğitim süresine bağlı olarak negatif ilişkiyi ortaya koymaktadır. Sonuçlar aynı zamanda İngilizce konuşulan Afrika ülkelerinde eğitimde fırsat eşitsizliğinin azaltılmasına yönelik pozitif bir eğilim olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır.

  5. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS CAUSE LOW INFANT IMMUNIZATION ACHIEVEMENTS IN TANJUNGSARI CLINICSANALYSIS OF FACTORS CAUSE LOW INFANT IMMUNIZATION ACHIEVEMENTS IN PUBLIC HEALTH DISTRIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juni Kurnia Santi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Immunization is a promotif and preventive efforts in basic health services play an important role in the decline of infant mortality that occurs due to a disease that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I. Annual reports from public health Tanjungsari noted that the results of the coverage of immunization activities results of the baby has not yet reached the target UCI (Uneversal Child Immunization. An assumption of the reason for immunization low coverage was the way on how Public Heath Center implemented its management funtion : planning, actuacting (supervision, coordination, cold chain, work load, motivation, evaluating and the result of baby`s immunization program. The risset of study is observational study. tanjunsari Public Health Center district the unit of analysis of this study. The object of study was all immunization program documentation which constituted of planning, implementation, supervision check list, coordination check list, evaluation documents as well as the document of coverage results. The respondent were the personnel of immunization program. The results of study revealed baby`s immunization until four years old is 86% campak, 89% DPT1, 86% DPT3, 87% Polio4, 84% BCG dan 85% HB3. Conclusively, it can derived that was discovered that the coverage of baby`s immunization was far below the UCI (Universal Child Immunization standart in public health, implementatiton (supervision, coordination, clod chain, load work, motivation and evaluating immunization program has nor been performed well. The inhibiting factors are now knowledge the process Planning Of Action formulation, no supervision to immunization program dan insufficient motivation to personnel immunization program. Key words : planning, immunization program, Public Health

  6. Evaluasi Strategi Pemasaran Dalam Upaya Membangun Loyalitas Pengguna di Perpustakaan UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta Ditinjau dari Pendekatan Customer Relationship Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Nurhidayah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to examine how the evaluation of marketing strategies in effort to construct a user loyalty in Library of UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta based on Customer Relationship Management approach. This research is a qualitative research using evaluative approach. The data collection methods are using observation, interviews and documentation. Analysis of the data in this research using two stages analysis namely the data analysis before in location and the data analysis after in location , the steps are (1 data collection, (2 data reduction, (3 data presentation, and (4 drawing conclusions. Then this research is equipped with quantitative data analysis to measure the value of evaluation results in the form of percentage figures compatibility. While the data validity used credibility test using triangulation techniques and membercheck. The results of this research is concluded that: (1 Internal communication patterns UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library is encircled in interpersonal way and through by media; (2 Human resources in the UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library consists of librarians group and structural staff; (3 The top products of UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library are technology-based services, Islamic collections, facilities and comfortable room; (4 The work evaluation of UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library organization is by forming a regular forum once a month and work meeting in each end of the year; (5 The communication with UIN Sunan Kalijaga library users occurs in interpersonal way, through social media and “Friends of Library”; (6 The attitude and performance of UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library officer are considered in deficient standart and less attention to policies appearance; (7 UIN Sunan Kalijaga Library makes the extensive cooperation with various stakeholders. Thus, the marketing strategy in effort to construct user loyalty in Library of UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta is stated 86% (in accordance with the concept of Customer Relationship

  7. Hubungan Antara Kualitas Perawatan Kateter Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Nosokomial Saluran Kemih

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasmad Kasmad

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infection refer to occurrence the often happen in hospital and can causes import to patient, family and hospital of self. Once of infection that often happened is infection of urinary tract at the patient with dower chateter. Factors that caused nosocomial infection of urinary tractare hospes, agent, installation procedure, old of installed chateter and quality of chateter treatment. This research ago to know the quality chateter treatment with the occurrence of nosocomial infection urinary tract. The research method is observation and the instrument used observation sheet. Independent variable in this research is the quality of chateter treatment and for the dependent variable is occurrence as nosocomial infection of urinay tract. The research subject is cause who had Diploma degree and Graduate of nursing, male patient that treated in Roemani’s Hospital, wear installed dower chateter, age of respondent between 18 – 55 years old, medic diagnose was not tractus urinarius infection, not consume antibiotic and agree to be respondent. Amount of sample are 30 respondents. Result of this research showed that the must quality of treatment chateter is enough (50%, good (30% and less (20%. Number of occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract that got chateter treatment with good quality was 22.22%, enough 26.67% and less 83.33%. To decrease the occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract that cause by installing of chateter was need the increasing the quality of chateter treatment that appropriate to the nursing procedure standart and the pressed of infection prevention. Statistic test used Chi Square test to examine the relation between the quality of chateter treatment with the occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract. Chi Square analisis result t count (7.081 > t table (5.99 and p value (0.029 < 0.05. Which means that there is relation between quality of chateter treatment with the occurrence nosocomial

  8. Performance and egg quality of laying hens fed diet containing radish cake (Raphanus sativusDesempenho e qualidade dos ovos de poedeiras comerciais leves submetidas a dietas contendo torta de nabo forrageiro (Raphanus sativus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Oba

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was conducted with the aim to evaluate the effects of different levels of radish cake (0, 5, 10 and 20% in laying hens rations on performance parameters and qualitative and sensorial characteristics of egg. A total of 240 light laying hens, with 52 to 60 weeks of age, standartized according the weight and laying performance distributed a completely randomized design, with six repetitions with eight birds per unit, were used. The experiment was conducted during eight weeks, subdivided within four periods of two weeks. There was effect of radish cake (P O experimento foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar os efeitos da inclusão da torta de nabo forrageiro, TNBF, (0, 5, 10, 15 e 20% na ração sobre os parâmetros produtivos e qualidade dos ovos de galinhas poedeiras. Foram utilizadas 240 poedeiras comerciais leves, entre 52 e 60 semanas de idade, uniformizadas por peso e postura, dispostas em um delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com seis repetições de oito aves por tratamento. O experimento teve duração de oito semanas, dividido em quatro períodos de duas semanas cada. Houve efeito da TNBF (P < 0,05 sobre o consumo de ração, porcentagem de postura, massa dos ovos, índices de cor e avaliação sensorial. Não houve efeito dos tratamentos para conversão alimentar e peso dos ovos. O uso da torta de nabo forrageiro na ração de galinhas poedeiras afeta negativamente os parâmetros produtivos e a qualidade sensorial dos ovos.

  9. Effect of Kınesıotapıng and Knee Brace on Functıonal Performance in Recreatıonal Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulusoy, Burak; İldiz, Bülent; Tunay, Volga Bayrakçı

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Kinesiotaping is a popular taping method that is used for both therapeutic and performance enchancement purposes. Knee braces are widely used for prevention in sport injuries but their performance effectiveness is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether kinesiotape or brace was more effective on functional performance. Methods: A total twenty male recreational football players (Mean±Standart Deviation (SD) age: 22.5±0.68 years, height: 175.15±3.37 cm, body weight: 74.52±12.41 kg), voluntarily participated in this study. Participants were tested with kinesiotape, with brace and without kinesiotape and brace. Tests were applied one day after patellar kinesiotaping (correction technique). Balance property measured with Modified Y balance Test (dynamic test), agility measured by T test, muscle strength and anaerobic power assessed by vertical jump and triple hop tests. Wilcoxon signed rank test was employed for determining the statistical significance of tests with kinesiotape, with brace and without kinesiotape and brace. Results: In analysis; There were statistically significant differences found in Triple hop test with kinesiotaping and without kinesiotaping and brace, in T test with bracing and kinesiotaping, in vertical jump with kinesiotaping and without kinesiotaping and brace (pkinesiotaping in all tests) No statistically significant difference was found in modified Y balance test all groups (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Consequently, kinesiotaping had positive effects on agility and muscle strength but had no effects on balance in football players. On the other hand, brace had no effects on functional performance tests.

  10. The effect of gender differences on dentist’s performance (a study in health centers in East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Berniyanti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Gender is a social relationship concept that differentiates role and function between man and women. Equality of rights and obligations between man and woman have been normatively guaranteed and the Constitution does not explicitly discriminate the rights and obligations of woman in law and government, in occupation and decent life, in politics, in religion and beliefs, and in national defend. Related with gender perspective, the need of health worker especially dentist worker has to be determined and planned properly. The productivity is one of the factor on dentist worker, that affect on the quality of health delivary. Some companies try to increase efficiency in performing their activities and try to measure activities they do. In this case, time & motion study method is one of the solutions to help the company measuring their activity. Using these techniques, company can measure the productivity of resources used for every activity. In order to get better performance in cost reduction, the company should assign their cost to the product resulted. Determination of the Standart time to work is one of the method that contain high value of efeciency to gain the productivity. The aim of this study was to learn how gender has an effect on dentist’s work performance. The time of completing dentist’s task i.e: teeth extraction were measured and the standard time were determined. In addition the patient’s respond were measured through questionair. This study was conducted in East Java. The conclusion of this study revealed that there was no difference of work performance between male and female dentist’s.

  11. EFEKTIVITAS ALAT TANGKAP MINI PURSE SEINE MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER CAHAYA BERBEDA TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAP IKAN KEMBUNG (Rastrelliger sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ifa Nur Rosyidah

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In fish catching activity, the fishermen in Banyuanyar district use mini tools for catching fish (purse seine and use light assist tools for an operation in the night day. The light, that is used, is kerosene pressure lantern and mercury lights or lamp that is used on water surface (surface lamp. This kind of light is used to collect “pelagic” fish that has positive phototaxis characteristic. Puffer fish’s response towards different sourse of light, that’s kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light is needed to be known. Therefore, we can know the source of light that is more effective in order to collect the fish. It is hoped that the productivity of puffer fish will be developed for the fishermen. During the research with ten times repeating, the total account of puffer fish’s haul that is resulted with two different treatment  by using kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light is that 810 kg and 1.460 kg. The data of puffer fish’s haul that is gotten after using Mann-Whitney test shows that the kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light not to really different, especially in the haul of puffer fish in significant standart (0,05 is 2,262, while in Mann-Whitney test account is 0,171. That means the fishermans in Banyuanyar can use kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light for catching fish as the light assist tools for an operation in the night day. Keywords     :   Purse Seine, Mercury Light and Kerosene Pressure Lantern, Puffer Fish (Rastrellinger sp..

  12. The Relationship Between Lower Extremity Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT and 50m Freestyle Swimming Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşegül YAPICI

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between 50mt freestyle swimming performance and lower extremity Wingate anaerobic power and capacity test. 11 male (age: 13.45 ± 1.0 3 years, height: 166.18 ± 10.12 cm, weight: 55.00 ± 11.13 kg, experience: 6.2 ± 1.1 years swimmers participated in this study voluntarily. The players participated in anthropometric measurements followed by Wingate anaerobic test on the first day. They p erformed 50mt freestyle swimming performance tests on the second day (one days later. In this study, 50mt freestyle swimming performance has not been done from a standart jump. All the swimmers started their performance in the water with a 2 - leg - ged push away from the wall. Also 10mt lap periods were recorded. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Correlation between anaerobic performance tests and swimming performance tests were studied with Pearson correlation analysis. All analysis were exec uted in SPSS 17.0 and the statistical significance was set at p 0.05. The statistically s ignificant relationship between f atigue index and relative average power, relative minumum peak power and minumum peak power (p0.05. On looking at the relationship between the 10 mt lap period time in swimming and wingate anaerobic test performance, a statistically s ignificant relationship between both relative and absolute values maximum swimming speed and paek power, average speed swimming and average power, minimum swimming speed and minumum power (p0.05. The factors like experience, the level of profession, the difference of fricton between activities in water and land, air conditions (moisture, temperature may have effected the re sults.

  13. Instrumental neutron activation analysis in environmental research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruin, M. de.

    1985-01-01

    The main characteristics of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA),relevant for environmental research and monitoring, was reviewed and discussed-sensitivity, suitable for detection of many toxic elements, the low risks of contamination of element loss, lack of matrix effects, lack of light element interference except for 24 Na, capability for multi-element determination, comparatively low costs. A detailed description of the IRI analysis system for routine INAA is given. The system is based on the single comparator method of standartization to take full advantage of multi-element without preparation and use the trace element standards. Zinc was used as mono element standard, the element concentrations are calculated on the basis of 65 Zn and 69m Zn-activities. The irradiations were carried out in a thermal neutron flux of 1.10 13 n/cm 2 .s. The gamma spectra is converted into element concentrations using a set of dedicated software, performing the following functions: spectrum analysis and interpretation, comparison and combination of the intermediate results from different decay times, generation of the final report, bookkeeping of the results obtained. The main applications of the INAA system mentioned are: identification of sources of heavy metal air pollution using air filters or biological indicators such as mosses, lichens, toe-nails, bird feathers, molusks and waterplants; and study of the uptake and translocation of heavy element in plants. Special attention was paid to mathematical techniques for a reliable interpretation of the element concentration patterns observed in sets of lichen samples. Future developments in INAA in environmental science are briefly mentioned

  14. Performance of the ELISA test for the diagnosis of cysticercosis using experimentally and naturally cattle infected with metacestode of Taenia saginata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaella Paola Meneguete dos Guimarães-Peixoto

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The bovine taeniasis-cysticercosis complex can be defined as a set of pathological changes caused by the adult form of Taenia saginata in humans and their larval form in animals (Cysticercus bovis. Data on the occurrence of bovine cysticercosis comes from the records of veterinary inspection of meat in slaughterhouses under fiscalization, where some positive cases may go unnoticed, especially in moderate infections. So, it is relevant the use of serological tests that have greater sensitivity than the post-mortem routine exams. Studies have shown the possible application of the ELISA test as a tool for epidemiological studies of the parasitosis and in the identification of animals with cysts. The aim of this study is to determine the detection threshold of the indirect ELISA test, using experimentally and naturally infected animals in detecting cases of cysticercosis. The sensitivity of the test to naturally infected animals using a cut-off 1 and 2 added with 2 standart-deviation (SD was of 12% and 24.4%, respectively. However, when using the cut-off of 1 and 2 added with 3 SD, the test sensitivity dropped, represented by 14.4% and 1.99% of the test sensitivity. As for the samples from experimentally infected animals, using the cut-off 1 and 2 added with 2 SD the sensitivity was 55.9% and 92.5%; and adding 3 SD the values found were 31.2% and 86%, respectively. The specificity of the test in all situations tested was 100%. It is important to take into account the right choice of control sera used in the ELISA test, whereas, according to its application, it is necessary to increase the sensitivity or specificity.

  15. Türkiye Türkçesi Ağızlarında Özellikleri Bakımından Yağış Türlerine Verilen Adlar The Names That Given to Kinds of Precipitation in Turkey Turkish Dialects for Their Charateristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selim EMİROĞLU

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Turkey Turkish dialects have a rich vocabulary. Many words which reflects the culture of the Turkish nation from the past and not included in the standard Turkish were living and used in the people language. There are hundreds of words in Turkey Turkish dialects names as color, food, body, kinship, disease, animal, units of measure, clothes and so on. The names of precipitation has also important place in there. In this study, the kinds of precipitation in turkey turkish dialects are classified by considering for their various characteristics. The names used for rain and snow of kinds of precipitation has been given by considering such characteristics continuity, quantity and speed of this kinds of precipitations; bigness and smallness of raindrop and snowflake; the time of precipitation falls to earth (seasons, months, days, hours, etc.; the direction of precipitation, the precipitation be synchronous with other natural events (wind, sunlight, fog, etc.. Various comments and assessments have been reached with through the names of precipitation were identified and classified. The study shows turkish people seperated expertly the kinds of precipitation that seemingly thought to have been the same, from each other by looking at the various characteristics of these kinds of precipitation and with different names. In addition to, there is a glossary that containing the meanings of the words identified and classified in terms of their characteristics at the end of the study. The data of study were obtained through scanning the Compiling Dictionary. However, to determine the usage in standard Turkish, it have scanned Great Turkish Dictionary. The data gotten prove the richness of Turkish related to precipitation. These words in dialects related to precipitation must be included in Standard Turkish. Türkiye Türkçesi ağızları zengin bir söz varlığına sahiptir. Türk milletinin geçmişten beri gelen kültürünü yansıtan ve standart T

  16. DENDROCHRONOLOGY of ABIES NORDMANNIANA (STEV. SPACH. SUBSP. NORDMANNIANA IN THE ÖRÜMCEK FORESTS IN KÜRTÜN-GÜMÜSHANE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafer Cemal Özkan

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abies nordmanniana (Stev. Spach. subsp. nordmanniana Dogu Karadeniz Bölgesi için olduğu kadar Türkiye için de önemli bir orman ağacıdır. Çalışmanın amacı; Doğu Karadeniz Göknarı ağaçlarının yıllık büyüme ve değişimleri araştırıp, incelemek ve yıllık halkalardan yararlanarak Örümcek Bölgesi Ormanlarında göknar için ortalama yıllık halka eğrisi ve standart kronoloji hazırlamaktır. Aynı zamanda yörenin eteorolojik verileri de kullanılarak geçmiş yılların iklimi hakkında bilgi edinebilmek amacıyla yapılacak olan dendroklimatoloji çalışmalarına esas oluşturacaktır. Araştırma alanı Karadeniz Bölgesinin, Doğu Karadeniz Bölümünde yer almakta, Gümüşhane ili, Kürtün ilçesi sınırları içerisinde kalmaktadır. Toplam 6 ağaçtan 12 kalem alınmıştır ve elde edilen kalemlerdeki yıllık halka genişliklerinin ölçümünde 0.01 mm. duyarlı Zeiss Winkel aleti kullanılmıştır. Yıllık halka eğrilerinin elde edilmesinde ; 1 Yıllık Halkaların Yarı Logaritmik Olarak Gösterilmesi, 2 Yıllık Halkalardan Elde Edilen İndislerin Bir Grafikle Gösterilmesi (Standardizasyon yöntemleri kullanılmıştır. İndis değerlerinin bulunmasında ise It=Wt/Yt eşitliğinden yararlanılmıştır. Çalışma 1729 –2003 yıllarını kapsamaktadır.

  17. PENERAPAN HYGIENE DAN SANITASI DI PASTRY HOTEL HILTON BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verena Widya Pertiwi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Application of hygiene and sanitation in Hilton Hotel Bandung is important thing to note in the process of implementation. This is done to prevent food contamination of food that cab be caused by several factors such as, human, work area, kitchen utensil, material strorage systems and product. Because of this determination of standarts personal hygiene, area and utensil must be done correcly so that each product is safe for consumption. Authors on the basis of these issues are very keen to examine and make a final project with the title “application of hygiene and sanitation in the Hilton Hotel Bandung”. Research carried out by several methode of observation, interview and the latter is the study of documents. The research was conducted at the Hilton Hotel Bandung, for 6 months. The study was conducted as one of the requiremants for the final session of college exams Bina Sarana Informatika university Bandung. Based on the result of research and discussion conducted, authors concluded that the presence of load application staandard of hygiene and sanitation in hotel can improve the standard of health, hygiene and quality of a product when it is done in accordance with existing procedures. Key word : Hygiene and sanitation pastry hotel. Abstraksi - Penerapan hygiene dan sanitasi di Hotel Hilton Bandung merupakan upaya penting yang harus diperhatikan dalam proses pelaksanannya. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mencegah terjadinya kontaminasi makanan yang dapat disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor seperti manusia, area kerja, peralatan, sistem penyimpanan bahan dan produk. Penentuan standar kebersihan personal, area kerja maupun peralatan harus dilakukan dengan tepat dan benar agar setiap produk yang dihasilkan oleh bagian pastry hotel aman untuk dikonsumsi. Atas dasar persoalan di atas penulis sangat tertarik untuk menelitinya dan membuat tugas akhir dengan judul “ Penerapan Hygiene dan Sanitasi di Hotel Hilton Bandung ”. Metode penelitian

  18. ANALISIS TRANSIEN PADA PASSIVE COMPACT MOLTEN SALT REACTOR (PCMSR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Makrus Imron

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan bahan bakar cair berupa garam LiF-BeF2-ThF4-UF4 pada Passive Compact Molten Salt Reactor (PCMSR meyebabkan pengendalian daya pada PCMSR dapat dilakukan dengan mengendalikan laju aliran bahan bakar dan pendingin. Sedangkan dari sistem keselamatan, penggunaan bahan bakar cair menjadikan PCMSR memiliki karakter keselamatan melekat (inherent safety yang baik. Pada penelitian ini telah dilakukan analisis transien PCMSR pada tiga kondisi, yaitu: ketika terjadi perubahan laju aliran bahan bakar, ketika terjadi perubahan laju aliran pendingin dan ketika terdapat kegagalan pada sistem pelepasan panas (loss of heat sink. Penelitian dilakukan dengan memodelkan reaktor pada kondisi tunak menggunakan paket program. Standart Reactor Analysis Code (SRAC. Selanjutnya dari keluaran paket program SRAC diperoleh data data yang meliputi fluks netron,konstanta grup, kontanta peluran prekusor netron, fraksi netron kasip untuk perhitungan transien. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penurunan laju aliran bahan bakar sebesar 50 % dari laju bahan bakar sebelumnya, menyebabkan daya pada PCMSR turun menjadi 78 % dari daya sebelumnya. Dan penurunan laju aliran pendingin sebesar 50 % dari laju pendingin sebelumnya, menyebabkan daya pada PCMSR turun menjadi 63 % dari daya sebelumnya. Sedangkan pada saat terjadi loss of heat sink daya PCMSR menunjukkan penurunan. Kata kunci: PCMSR, transien, daya, laju aliran.   The use of liquid fuels in the form of molten salts LiF-BeF2-ThF4-UF4 in Passive Compact Molten Salt Reactor (PCMSR makes power control at PCMSR can be done by controlling the flow rate of fuel and coolant. In addition, from safety systems aspect, the use of liquid fuels makes PCMSR has good inherent safety characteristics. In this study transient analysis has been carried out on three conditions of PCMSR, namely when the fuel flow rate is changing, when the coolant flow rate is changing and when there is loss of heat sink condition. This research is

  19. Comparison of adrenal tumor treatment results by different volume of surgical interventions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy J. Semenov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years detection of various adrenal tumors has increased greatly. Total adrenalectomy remains the standart of surgical managment for adrenal tumors, although, the vast majority of these tumors turn out to be benign on the routine histological examination. Performing organ-sparing surgery would allow to avoid hormone insufficiency after total adrenalectomy. Aim: to compare results of adrenal tumors treatment by different volume of surgical interventions. Materials and methods. We evaluated the short-term results of 237 patients treatment with various adrenal tumors. Total adrenalectomy were performed on 206 cases, 31 patients undergone adrenal resection. There were analyzed intraoperative and postoperative complications, assessed the hormonal status of the patients, depending on the extent of surgical treatment. Besides, the long-term results were evaluated in 141 patients underwent total adrenalectomy and 30 patients after organ-sparing surgery. Moreover, we analyzed the percentage of recurrenses, assessed the hormonal status of the patients and the effectiveness of treatment. Results. Performing the organ-sparing operations doesn't increase the risk of intraoperative complications. In all patients with hormone-active tumors we found decline of pathologically increased hormone levels and trend to regress of clinical manifestations of the disease in early postoperative period. We found no difference in local recurrences in both groups, and its occurrence did not exceed 3.33%. Refractory postoperative adrenal insufficiency was observed only in corticosteroma patients in spite of surgery volume. In case of both side adrenal tumors there was no need in replacement therapy after total adrenalectomy from there one side and resection from the other. Conclusions. In cases of adrenal tumor performing organ-sparing operations is advisable, if there are no preoperative sings of malignancy.

  20. Karakavakta anaçlık yöntemiyle sırık çeliği üretim tekniğinin belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Selda AKGÜL

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, kavak dikim materyali üretiminde, en pratik ve ekonomik metot olarak tespit edilen, anaçlık usulü ile “KOCABEY”, “GAZİ” ve “GEYVE” karakavak klonlarında, ağaçlandırmalarda kullanılmak üzere, bir ve iki yaşlı sırık çeliği standart üretim metodu tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Bir ve iki yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde, aralık-mesafenin ve anaçtaki sürgün sayısının etkili olup olmadığını belirlemek amacıyla, rastlantı bloklarında bölünmüş parseller deneme deseni kullanılarak Ankara-Behiçbey Orman Fidanlığında denemeler tesis edilmiştir. Çalışmadan elde edilen sonuçlara göre, bir yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde, denenen geniş aralık-mesafe grubu (1,6x0,4 m, üretilen miktar açısından daha iyi sonuç vermiştir. Anaçta bırakılacak sürgün adedi sayısının ise önemli olmadığı görülmüştür. İki yaşlı sırık çeliği üretiminde ise; her üç klonda da, denenen işlemlerin etkisinin çok fazla olmadığı kanaatine ulaşılmıştır.

  1. THE EPITHESIS IN THE LOAN WORDS ALINTI KELİMELERDE SON TÜREME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülden SAĞOL YÜKSEKKAYA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaptyxis is a sound appearing that is not found in the original structure of the word. There are three types of anaptyxis: prothesis, epenthesis and epithesis. Epithesis is a vowel or consonant appearing at the end of a word which is not found in the original structure of it. Although, there isn’t not so much example, both vowel and consonant reproduction is seen even in the last sound of the word; but the derivative sound isn’t the same, standard in the whole dialects and accents. Nevertheless some derivative sounds have an intense in a specific region, they aren’t seen in the other areas or has rare example. In this study, the epithesis in the loan words in Turkish will be emphasized. Bir kelimede aslında bulunmayan bir sesin sonradan ortaya çıkmasına ses türemesi denir. Ses türemesinin üç çeşidi vardır: ön türeme, iç türeme, son türeme. Son türeme, kelimenin aslında bulunmayan bir ünlü veya ünsüzün kelime sonunda belirmesidir. Örneği fazla olmamakla birlikte son seste de hem ünlü hem de ünsüz türemesi görülür. Ancak türeyen sesler standart olarak bütün lehçe ve ağızlarda ortak değildir. Türeyen bazı sesler belli bir bölge içerisinde yoğunlaşırken, bazı bölgelerde görülmemekte veya sadece birkaç, hatta bir örnekle sınırlı kalabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkçede alıntı kelimelerdeki son türeme örnekleri üzerinde durulacaktır.

  2. THE APOCOPE IN THE LOAN WORDS ALINTI KELİMELERDE SON SES DÜŞMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin KOÇ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Disappearance is the loss of a sound in structure of the word with some reasons. There are three types of disappearance: apheresis, syncope and apocope. The apocope is disappearance of a vowel or consonant at the end of a word. This situation isn’t standard in whole dialects and accents. Some dropping sounds, have an intense in a spesific region, they aren’t seen in the other areas or have rare examples. This is rather common in the dialects. In this study will be handled the apocope in the loan words with the examples in Turkey Turkish and contemporary Turkish dialects. Bir kelimedeki seslerden birinin, çeşitli nedenlerle düşmesine ses düşmesi denir. Ses düşmesi üç çeşittir: ön ses düşmesi, iç ses düşmesi ve son ses düşmesi. Son ses düşmesi, kelimede son ses durumunda olan ünlü veya ünsüzün düşmesidir. Bu durum, bütün lehçelerde ve ağızlarda standart değildir. Düşen bazı sesler, belli bir bölge içinde yoğunlaşırken, bazı bölgelerde görülmemekte ve hatta birkaç ya da bir örnekle sınırlı kalabilmektedir. Bu daha çok ağızlarda görülür. Çalışmada, Türkiye Türkçesinde ve Çağdaş Türk Lehçelerinde alıntı kelimelerde son ses düşmesi bahsi örnekleriyle ele alınacaktır.

  3. Urfa Peynirlerinin Mikrobiyolojik, Kimyasal ve Duyusal Niteliklerinin Saptanması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atilla Yetişmeyen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada Ankara İli merkezinde satışa sunulan Urfa peynirlerinin mikrobiyolojik, kimyasal ve duyusal özellikleri belirlenmiştir. Mikrobiyolojik incelemeler sonucunda, örneklerde ortalama olarak; 1,0x109 kob/g TAMB (toplam aerobik mezofil bakteri, 1,0x107 kob/g maya ve küf, 3,5x106 EMS/g koliform bakteri, 1,1 x106 EMS/g E. coli ve 1,3x103 kob/g S. aureus olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen bulgular, Urfa peynirlerinin üretiminde ve pazarlanması sırasında hijyenik kurallara uyulmadığını ve kötü bir mikrobiyolojik kaliteye sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Kimyasal analizler sonucu örneklerin kurumadde, yağ, kurumaddede yağ, protein, tuz, kurumaddede tuz, kül, titrasyon asilliği (yüzde laktik asit cinsinden, pH, toplam azot, suda eriyen azot, olgunlaşma katsayısı ve protein olmayan azot değerleri sırasıyla % 48,33, % 22,96, % 47,48, % 17,53, % 6,80, % 17,53, % 2,107, % 1,23, 5,44 pH, % 2,747, % 0,411, % 15,25 ve % 0,26 olarak belirlenmiştir. Duyusal nitelikler bakımından ise; peynirlerin 100 puan üzerinden ortalama 53,71 puan aldıkları tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlardan Urfa peynirlerinin standart bir kalitede olmadığı, üretiminde ve pazarlanmasında hijyenik kurallara uyulmadığı anlaşılmaktadır.

  4. PENERAPAN MODEL STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR DAN KREATIVITAS BELAJAR EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dearlina Sinaga

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar dan kreativitas belajar ekonomi. Penelitian tindakan kelas ini menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Student Teams Achievement Division. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas VIII-2 SMP Negeri-1 Pancur Batu yang berjumlah 38 orang. Data hasil belajar diperoleh lewat teknik tes, sedangkan data kreativitas belajar siswa lewat teknik observasi. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif kuantatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil rata-rata pretes adalah 62,89 dimana hanya 37% siswa yang memenuhi Standart Ketuntasan Belajar Minimal (SKBM. Setelah diadakan tindakan siklus I nilai rata-rata meningkat menjadi 75 dengan 71% siswa mencapai SKBM, pada siklus II nilai rata-rata meningkat menjadi 79 dengan 87% siswa memenuhi ketuntasan. Kreativitas juga mengalami peningkatan dari 59% pada siklus I menjadi 78% pada siklus II. Dengan demikian, penerapan model STAD hasil belajar ekonomi meningkat sebesar 16% dari siklus I ke II serta dapat meningkatkan kreativitas sebesar 19% dari perbandingan siklus I dan siklus II. Kata Kunci: model STAD, hasil belajar, kreativitas belajar THE APPLICATION OF STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE THE LEARNING OUTCOMES AND CREATIVITY IN LEARNING ECONOMICS Abstract: The purpose of this research is to improve the learning outcomes and creativity in learning economics. This Classroom Action Research (CAR was carried out using the model of Student Teams Achievement Division. The research subjects were students of class VIII-2 of SMP N 1 Pancur Batu with the total of 38 students. Data for outcomes analysis were collected through test and observation sheet. The results show that the average value of the pre-test is 62.89 in which only 37% of students meet the Minimum Standards Mastery Learning (SKBM. After the first cycle, the average value increases to 75 with 71% of students achieving SKBM, and after the second cycle

  5. OPTIMALISASI LAHAN USAHATANI BERBASIS KAKAO UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN DI DAS KRUENG SEULIMUM PROVINSI ACEH (Land Optimization of Cocoa Based on Farming for Agricultural Sustainable Development in Krueng Seulimum Watershed Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halim Akbar

    2015-11-01

    implementation of agro-technology with complete fertilizer at 7% slope, complete fertilizer plus making grass planted bund-terrace at 14% slope and making grass planted bund terrace plus mulching 6 ton.ha-1.year- at the 21% slope, to reduce erosion less than ETol and provide farming income bigger than the need for minim living standart (MLS. Cocoa farming type plus banana (KPs in the Krueng Seulimum watershed on 1.5 ha land area by applying agro-technology bund terrace plus mulching 6 ton.ha-1.year-1 can suppress erosion under ETol (16.03 - 38.64 ton.ha-1.year-1 with optimum income of Rp 42,954,150 kk-1.year-1.

  6. Prevalência e aspectos epidemiológicos da giardíase em creches no município de Aracaju, SE, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gileno de Sá Cardoso

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the giardiasis prevalence was done in children from 2 till 5 years old who frequented two day nurseries ("A " and "B ". Its relation with some epidemiological aspects through the realization of parasitological exams of stool and an inquiry applied to mothers. Inday nursery "A " with a higth standard of life, 20 (66.6% of 30 inquired children were parasitised and all the children in day nursery "B" had some enteroparasite. Giardia lamblia wasfound in 15 (50% of the children-in better standart of life and in 19 (63.3% of the children with a lower one. The ingesting of vegetables was the only allied factor to the high degree of giardiasis, in day nursery "A ". The day nursery "B " suffered influences from other aspects: no potable water in the residences, the inappropriate destiny of the garbage, the ingesting of vegetables habit and collective bedroom. The adequate sanitation and the existence of domestic animals were not related to parasitism by Giardia lamblia.Foi feito um levantamento da prevalência de giardíase entre crianças na faixa etária de 2 a 5 anos que frequentam duas creches ("A " e "B '' e sua relação com alguns aspectos epidemia lógicos, através da realização de exames parasitológicos de fezes e de inquérito familiar aplicado às mães. Na creche "A ", com padrão sócio-econômico elevado, 20 (66,6% das 30 crianças pesquisadas apresentavam-se parasitadas e na creche "B " todas possuíam algum enteroparasita. Giardia lamblia foi encontrada em 15 (50,0% das crianças da creche com melhor nível sócio-econômico e em 19 (63,3 %das crianças com nívelmais baixo. O hábito de ingerir hortaliças foi o único fator aliado ao alto grau de giardíase na creche "A A creche "B" sofreu influência de outros aspectos: água não potávelnas residências, destino inadequado do lixo, hábito de ingerir hortaliças e dormitório coletivo. O destino inadequado dos dejetos e a existência de animais domésticos n

  7. Türkiye’de Yemeklik Tane Baklagiller Üretiminin Sorunları ve Çözüm Önerileri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aybegün Ton

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Türkiye’de yemeklik tane baklagiller içerisinde ekim alanı ve üretim bakımından ilk sırayı nohut almakta, bunu sırasıyla mercimek, fasulye ve bakla izlemektedir. Türkiye, özellikle nohut ve mercimekte Dünyada en önemli üretici ve ihracatçı ülkeler içerisinde bulunmaktadır. Son yıllarda ise nohut ve mercimek üretimimiz ve ihracatımız bir azalma eğilimi içerisinde bulunmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, birçok yemeklik tane baklagil türlerinin üretimine uygun farklı ekolojik koşulları içeren bölgelerimiz bulunmaktadır. Bu üretim potansiyelimiz değerlendirilmeli, dış pazarların istekleri doğrultusunda, standart irilikte, kaliteli ve yüksek verim potansiyeline sahip çeşitlerimizin üretimine önem verilmelidir. Ayrıca, uygun yetiştirme teknikleri kullanılarak üretim yapılmalı, kıyı bölgelerimizde kışlık nohut yetiştiriciliği, iç bölgelerimizde kışlık mercimek yetiştiriciliği yaygınlaştırılmalı, ekimde ve hasat da makine kullanımına önem verilmeli, hastalık ve zararlılarla yeterli düzeyde mücadele edilerek verimlilik artırılmalıdır. Böylece, Türkiye’de yemeklik tane baklagiller tarımının bugünkünden çok daha fazla yaygınlaştırılması mümkün görülmektedir.

  8. KONTROLÖR ALAN AĞI ESASLI BİR ATM ALAN TAŞITININ TASARLANMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut TENRUH

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Kontrolör Alan Ağı (KAA taşıtı başlangıçta otomotiv uygulamaları için önerilmiş fakat düşük maliyeti yüksek hızı ve güvenilirliği sayesinde endüstriyel dağılımlı gerçek zamanlı kontrol uygulamalarında da bir standart haline gelmiştir. ATM veri, ses ve görüntü gibi tüm haberleşme türlerini bir network yapısı içerisinde birleştirmeyi hedefleyen hızlı bir ağ teknolojisidir. Ethernet ve Token Ring gibi mevcut ağ türlerinin ATM ile bağlanması için çeşitli çalışmalar sürdürülmüştür. Kontrol Taşıtı haberleşmesinin de bu çerçevede ele alınması önem taşımaktadır. Bu çalışma ATM teknolojisinin Kontrol Taşıtı haberleşmesi ile birlikte kullanılmasını amaçlamaktadır. Bu kapsamda KAA esaslı ATM Taşıt yapısı sunulmaktadır. Bu yapı aynı zamanda Kontrol Taşıt ağlarının ATM ağları ile doğrudan bağlanabilmesi için de bir imkan sunmaktadır. Önerilen modelin geçerliliğini görmek amacıyla simülasyon çalışmaları yürütülmüş ve sonuçlar sistemin ek avantajlarla uygulanabilir olduğunu göstermiştir.

  9. Genel Bilişsel Yetenek Ölçümlerinde Süre ve Performans İlişkisinde A Tipi Kişiliğin Rolü(The Role of Type A Personality on the Relationship between Time and Performance in Measurement of General Cognitive Ability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat GÜLER

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Organizasyonların personel seçiminde kullanılan bilişsel yetenek ölçümlerinin, objektif ve yansız olarak yapılması, ihtiyaç duyulan uygun nitelikteki insan kaynağının temin edilmesi için önemli bir husustur. Ancak, bilişsel yetenek testlerinin kişilik özelliklerinden etkilendiğine dair bazı bulgular öne sürülmektedir. Mevcut araştırmada, genel bilişsel yetenek (GBY ölçümlerinde süre ve performans ilişkisinde A Tipi kişiliğin rolü 271 üniversite öğrencisinden elde edilen verilerle incelenmiştir. Veriler, A Tipi Kişilik Ölçeği ve Raven Standart Progresif Matrisler Testi ile toplanmıştır. Genel örneklemde ve A Tiplerinde GBY test performansı ve süresi ile A Tipi kişilik arasında anlamlı bir ilişki gözlenmezken, B Tiplerinde test süresinin ve yaşın GBY test performansının yordayıcısı olduğuna ilişkin bulgulara ulaşılmıştır. Objectively and impartially application of cognitive ability measurements that used in personnel selection of organizations, is a vital issue for providing needed appropriate human resources. But, some findings have been suggested that personality traits influence the measurement of cognitive abilities. In the current study the relationship between general cognitive ability (GCA and Type A personality (TAP was investigated with the data collected from 271 university students. The assessment instruments used were: Type-A Behavior Scale and Raven Standard Progressive Matrices Test. The findings revealed that, while there was no relationship between GCA, testing time and TAP in the general sample and Type A group, testing time and age were predictors of the GCA test performance in the Type B group

  10. AIRCRAFT POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM DESIGN PROCESS AS AN AUTOMATION OBJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris V. Zhmurov

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of designing aviation electrical power systems (EPS is related to the need to fulfill a number of requirements of normative and technical documents and to conduct a large number of calculations. Experience has shown that it is not possible to obtain reliable initial data on the nature and magnitude of electricity consumption by electricity receivers (end users at the early stages of design. The composition of the electric power receivers and the power consumption of electricity during the design process are repeatedly changed. This leads to the need to repeatedly perform tasks related to the synthesis of primary and secondary systems of generation and calculation.The desire to improve the efficiency of EPS led to the emergence of new standardized types of electrical energy - 270 V DC and 380 V three-phase AC of stable and unstable frequency. It follows that it is possible to implement a rather large number of options for EPS structures, and there may be several secondary EPS or, in general, EPS of a third or higher level.The lack of ready-made aviation energy converters implies the impossibility of using ready-made components, and the development of specific devices should be coordinated with the development of EPS. In this case, one of the results of EPS design will be a set of requirements for the devices and units of the EPS projected.In any case, the design process for EPS aircraft requires a lot of iterations that take into account the change in both the raw data and the constraints on the EPS elements and the design process itself.The traditional approach to the design of EPS aircraft, assuming the knowledge of the designer of dozens of GOSTs (State All-Union standards and OSTs (All-Union standarts regulating the design stages of EPS, as well as the existence of standard EPS structures, from which a specific choice is made, is practically impossible at present. The only way to consciously approach the problem of designing EPS

  11. PECULIARITIES OF GRAMMAR STUDY OF MOUNTAIN FIRST-FORM PUPILS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Kiryk

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The articles describes the role of analiztor system (auditory, visual, kinesthetic at the initial stage of learning literacy and language development six years old. They from specific integration system, that provides more efficient perception, memorization and reproduction of educational material. The article deals with attempt to ascertain linguadidactic interconnections and interdependence between grammar education (reading, writing and speech of six-year pupils. Summing up it should be mentioned to organize 6-year pupils studing in the country mountain school becides pedagogical, economical, geographic and social problems psychologic linguadidactic are added. Preferences of mountain country children: –                    Formation from childhood ability to live in harmony with nature; –                    Sensitive  perception of alive and inanimate surrounding nature; –                    Life-style form children’s responsibility for entrusted things, labour habits, training by hard nature conditions. They should be solved in complex providing achievents of psychology, pedagogics, linguists and up-to-date technology. The aim of the article  - to reveal individual peculiarities of country mountain child who needs special method of approach to grammar studing as well as to help country teacher who strongly feels lack for efficient method help. All these affect on prepearing level, children’s outlook, general development. Scientific and methodogical institutions have not easy task-system training and skill raising of primary school teachers to realize State standart of primary general education. Acquaintance of country teacher with up-to-date achievements in psychologic, pedagogic and linguistic education will help him to organize his work in the country school on rather higher level as well as let him give more qualitative education services and save country school as the

  12. Moment Magnitude Determination for Marmara Region-Turkey Using Displacement Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köseoǧlu Küsmezer, Ayşegül; Meral Özel, Nurcan; Barış, Å.žErif; Üçer, S. Balamir; Ottemöller, Lars

    2010-05-01

    The main purpose of the study is to determine moment magnitude Mω using displacement source spectra of earthquakes occurred in Marmara Region. The region is the most densely populated and fast-developing part of Turkey, bounded by 39.0°N to 42.0°N and 26.0°E to 32.0°E, and have experienced major earthquake disasters during the last four centuries with destructive earthquakes and probabilistic seismic hazard studies shows that the region have significant probability of producing M>7 earthquake within the next years. Seismic moment is a direct measurement of earthquake size (rupture area and static displacement) and does not saturate, spectral analysis at local distances is a very useful method which allows the reliable determination of seismic moment and moment magnitude. We have used converging grid search method developed by L. Ottemöller, and J. Havskov, 2008 for the automatic determination of moment magnitude for local distances. For data preperation; the time domain signal of S waves were extracted from the vertical component seismograms.Data was transformed from time to frequency domain by applying the standart fast fourier transform (fft). Source parameters and moment magnitudes of earthquakes are determined by applying spectral fitting procedure to classical Brune's model. The method is first manually and then automatically performed on the source spectrum of S waves within 20 sec. Mo and fc (Aki;1967, and Brune;1970) were determined by using the method which the model space is divided into a grid and the error function detected for all grid points. A smaller grid with denser spacing around the best solution is generated with an iterative procedure. The moment magnitudes of the earthquakes have been calculated according to the scale of Kanamori (1977) and Hanks and Kanamori (1979). A data set of 279 events recorded on broadband velocity seismograms extracted from KOERI (Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute) seismic network were

  13. Solubility, structure and probable effects on marine environment of slag from the iron and steel works in Iskenderun.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meltem Özütok

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available İskenderun Demir Çelik Fabrikası atık maddesi olan cürufun yapısı, çözünürlüğü ve denizel ortama olası etkileri, MartTemmuz 2003 tarihleri arasında araştırılmıştır. Bu kapsamda, cürufun deniz suyu, saf su, yağmur suyu ve yağmur suyu deniz suyu karışımında çözünürlüğü araştırılmıştır. Deniz suyunda, sedimentde, sestonda ve denizel organizmalarda ağır metal derişimleri incelenmiştir. Cürufun çözünürlüğünde Standart Yöntemler, ağır metal analizlerinde AAS ve GFAAS yöntemleri kullanılmıştır. Cüruf doğal koşullarda suda çözünmemiştir. Sonuç olarak, İskenderun Demir Çelik fabrikasındaki cüruf depolama alanında cürufun yağmur suyu ile çözünmesinin çok zayıf bir olasılık olduğu ve deniz suyu, sediment, seston ve denizel organizmaların ağır metal derişim sonuçları, cürufun İskenderun Körfezi için ağır metal kirliliği bakımından bir kirlilik unsuru olmadığını göstermiştir

  14. The Hydrogeological investigation of Plajköy spring (Elazığ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem ÖZTEKİN OKAN

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Plajköy spring discharges at the close locations to the SE shore of Lake Hazar. Lake Hazar is a tectonic Lake in Elazığ city. Plajköy spring is a fault spring that is mainly recharging from the volcanites, dikes and blocky volcanosedimentary units of Middle Eocene Maden Complex. These units have gained secondary permeability and porosity related with the active tectonics that is effective in the studied area. The present catchment system of the spring could not collect the springs and leaks discharging from different points around the system. The discharge of the catchment is measured by specifi c volume method while the other springs’ and leaks’ is measured by using triangular weir. Before the discharge measurement of the leaks and the springs, they have been directed to a channel. The discharge of the present catchment system and the leaks have measured twice in a month during one year period beginning from October of 2012 to November of 2013. The discharge coeffi cient of the spring is calculated 1.33*10-3 day-1. Discharge coeffi cient of the spring depends on the geometry and intensity of the active fracture systems in the region. Calculated discharge coeffi cient indicates that the spring discharge is related with the narrow fi ssures, fractures and pores. The total volume of discharged groundwater in the real regime of the Plajköy spring is calculated as 52* 103 m3 during the period from 31st of March, 2013 to the 13rd of October, 2013 by Maillet formula. The spring water is Ca- Mg- HCO3 type water related with the chemical analyses. The chemical and microbiological analyses of the spring water are correlated with the drinking water standarts of Turkey TS 266 (TSE, 2005 and World Health Organization (2004, and it is seen that the spring water is suitable for drinking. The Plajköy spring will be used more effi ciently without exposed to pollution by the new catchment plan and protection zone map that are consequently proposed in

  15. Tilmicosine in rations of swines in growing and finishing phases/ Tilmicosina nas rações de suínos em fases de crescimento e terminação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Sarubbi

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido visando avaliar o uso do antibiótico Tilmicosina nas concentrações de 100 ppm ou de 200ppm e o uso de Tiamulina (50 ppm mais Cloridrato de Oxitetraciclina (150 ppm no controle de doenças respiratórias principalmente causadas pelo Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae em suínos nas fases de crescimento e terminação. Foram utilizadas duas granjas comerciais, denominadas A e B, com distintos padrões sanitários. Utilizou-se no 945 animais, sendo 639 da granja A e 306 da granja B. Avaliou-se o desempenho dos animais nas fases de crescimento e terminação, a classificação (escore de lesões nos pulmões, o Índice de Eficiência Econômica e o Índice de Custos Médios dos tratamentos experimentais. Não houve diferença (P>0,05 entre os tratamentos quanto ao desempenho zootécnico e ao escore de lesões nos pulmões. A concentração de 100 ppm de Tilmicosina foi eficiente e economicamente viável no controle da pneumonia micoplasmática.The experiment was conducted to evaluate the use of 100 ppm of Tilmicosine antibiotic or 200 ppm and the use of Tiamulin (50 ppm plus Oxitetracicline Cloridate (150 ppm to control of respiratories diseases caused mainly by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in swines in growing and finishing phases. The experiment used two pigs farms (A and B with different sanitaries standarts. It was used 945 swines, been 639 animals in farm A and 306 animals in farm B. The experiment evaluated the performance of animals in the growing and finishing phases, the classification (score of lesions in lungs, and the economic efficiency and the costs of the experimental treatments. There were no difference (P>0.05 between the treatments to the performance and to the lesions scores in lungs for A and B farms. The concentration of 100 ppm of Tilmicosine was efficient and economically viable to the control of mycoplasmal pneumonia.

  16. Görüntü Eşleme ve Genetik Algoritmalar Kullanarak Görüntü içinde Görüntü Arama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Karakoc

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada esas alınan problem, görüntü içinde görüntü aramayı etkin bir şekilde gerçekleştirebilmektir. Bu amaçla görüntü işleme kapsamında yer alan görüntü eşleme teknikleri ile arama algoritmaları birlikte kullanılmıştır. Görüntü eşleme için Yapay Sinir Ağları ile görüntünün ortalama renk değeri, görüntüdeki renk değerlerinin standart sapması, korelasyon ve görüntü kenar parametreleri gibi özellikler; görüntü arama için Genetik Algoritmalar kullanılmıştır. Bu çalışmada, akıllı arama algoritmaları, hızlı görüntü eşleme yöntemleri ve paralel programlama tekniklerine dayanan bütünleşik bir yöntem önerilmiş ve kullanılmıştır. Önerilen yöntem çok sayıda düşük ve yüksek çözünürlüklü referans ve şablon görüntü üzerinde test edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar önerilen yöntemin eşleşen görüntüleri elde etmede başarılı olduğunu ve toplam arama süresini azalttığını göstermiştir.

  17. Repercussões respiratórias do pneumoperitônio induzido em suínos Respiratory repercussion of pneumoperitoneum induced in pigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Marques Ferreira Normando

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudar, na faixa tida como segura, as repercussões respiratórias de diferentes pressões de pneumoperitônio, com dióxido de carbono, induzido em suínos. Métodos: Foram utilizados 14 suínos machos, da raça Landrace, pesando entre cinco e sete quilos, com 30 a 45 dias de idade. A amostra foi subdividida igualitariamente em Grupo A (pneumoperitônio com 10mmHg durante 60 minutos e Grupo B (pneumoperitônio com 15mmHg durante 60 minutos. Após a indução anestésica, os animais foram intubados, sendo monitorado o volume corrente (VC e a saturação periférica de oxigênio (SpO2. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatística nos valores do VC e SpO2 antes, durante e após a indução do pneumoperitônio. Conclusão: O pneumoperitônio, nos níveis pressóricos de 10 a 15mmHg, não causou alteração significativa nos padrões respiratórios de suínos, durante o período de tempo estudado.Purpose: To study the respiratory repercussion of differents pneumoperitoneum pressions, with carbon dioxide, induced in pigs. Methods: It was used 14 male Landrance-race pigs, weighing between five and seven kiloragram, with 30 a 45 days of age. The sample was iqually divided in Group A (10mmHg of intra-abdominal during 60 minuts and Group B (15mmHg of intra-abdominal during 60 minuts. After anesthetic induction, the animals were intubed and kept under monitoring the current volume (CV and oxigen peripheric saturation (SpO2. Results: It not had statistical difference in CV and SpO2 values before, during and after the induction of pneumoperitoneum. Conclusion: Pneumoperitoneum, at the level of 10 to 15mmHg of intra-abdominal pression, did not cause significance alterations on pigs respiratory standart, during the time period studied.

  18. AKTIVITAS KOMUNIKASI CUSTOMER RELATIONS DALAM LAYANAN PENGEMUDI GOJEK SRIKANDI TERHADAP PENGGUNA JASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novilah Novilah

    2017-05-01

    saat bertemu pelanggan, saat melayani pelanggan yang dilakukan oleh para pengemudi GO-JEK Srikandi dan setelah melayani pelanggan yang dilakukan oleh para pengemudi GO-JEK Srikandi. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan dalam mencapai layanan prima dan melayani dengan secara memuaskan, driver GO-JEK Srikandi mengerti akan pentingnya SOP (Standart Operating Procedure yang telah ditentukan PT. GO-JEK Indonesia.

  19. Identification and cause of decay of building materials used in the architectural heritage of Bizerte city (Tunisia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoghlami, Karima; Lopez-Arce, Paula; Navarro, Antonia; Zornoza-Indart, Ainara; Gómez, David

    2017-04-01

    Monuments and historical buildings of Bizerte show a disturbing state of degradation. In order to propose a compatible materials for the restauration works such as stone of substitution and restauration mortars, a geological context was analysed with the objectif to localize historical quarries accompanied by a sedimentological study to identify the exploited geological formations. Petrophysical and chemical caracterisation of both stone and mortars have been carried out. With the aim to determine the origin of the erosion and the degree of stone decay, a combination of micro-destructive and non-destructive techniques have been used on-site and in-lab. Moisture measurements, ultrasonic velocity propagation and water absorption by Karsten pipe test together with polarized light and fluorescence optical microscopy, mercury intrusion porosimetry and ion chromatography analyses were carried out to perform petrophysical characterization of stone samples and determination of soluble salts. For the characterization of mortars, granulometric study was performed to determine the nature of components and their grain size distribution. Thin sections of mortar samples were examined for the petrographical and mineralogical characterization. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of finely pulverized samples was performed in order to identify the mineral crystalline phases of the mortars. Thermal analyses [thermogravimetry (TG)] were performed in order to determine the nature of the binder and its properties. Porosity was determined following UNE-EN 1936 (2007) standart test. Geological and petrographical study showed that historical buildings are essentially built with high porous bioclastic calcarenite partially cemented by calcite which is Würm in age and outcrops all along the northern coast of Bizerte where several historical quarries were identified. Occasionally, two other types of lithologies were used as building stones and they correspond to two varieties of oligocene

  20. KURIKULUM PONDOK PESANTREN MUADALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mushollin ---

    2014-01-01

    .Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa: 1 Struktur mata pelajarandalam Kurikulum MA As-Salafi Al-Fitrah mencakup pelajaran agama dan umum dengan komposisi 70% dan 30%. Dan dalam praktiknya mata pelajaran umum diberikan pada kelas 3 Aliyah saja. 2 Standart kompetensi yang digunakan pedoman dalam pembelajaran di MA as-Salafi al-Fitrah telah dibuat sendiri oleh tim penyusun. Standar kompetensi tersebut mengacu pada isi kitab -kitab yang dikaji. 3 Walaupun pesantren al-Fitrah adalah pesantren thoriqoh, akan tetapi dari struktur kurikulum sebagaimana tersebut, mata pelajaran yang langsung berkaitan dengan ajaran-ajaran thoriqoh masih sedikit.

  1. Serial tomotherapy vs. MLC-IMRT (Multileaf Collimator Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy) for simultaneous boost treatment large intracerebral lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolff, Dirk; Lohr, Frank; Mai, Sabine; Polednik, Martin; Wenz, Frederik; Dobler, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Recent data suggest that a radiosurgery boost treatment for up to three brain metastases in addition to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is beneficial. Sequential treatment of multiple metastatic lesions is time-consuming and optimal normal tissue sparing is not trivial for larger metastases when separate plans are created and are only superimposed afterwards. Sequential Tomotherapy with noncoplanar arcs and Multi-field IMRT may streamline the process and enable easy simultaneous treatment. We compared plans for 2-3 intracerebral targets calculated with Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) based on treatment with MLC or sequential Tomotherapy using the Peacock-System. Treatment time was not to exceed 90 min on a linac with standart dose rate. MIMiC plans without treatment-time restrictions were created as a benchmark. Materials and methods: Calculations are based on a Siemens KD2 linac with a dose rate of 200 MU/min. Step-and-Shoot IMRT is performed with a standard MLC (2 x 29 leaves, 1 cm), serial Tomotherapy with the Multivane-Collimator MIMiC (NOMOS Inc. USA). Treatment plans are created with Corvus 5.0. To create plans with good conformity we chose a noncoplanar beam- and arc geometry for each approach (IMRT 4-, MIMiC 5-couch angles). The benchmark MIMiC plans with maximally steep dose gradients had 9 couch angles. For plan comparison reasons, 10Gy were prescribed to 90% of the PTV. Steepness of dose gradients, homogeneity and conformity were assessed by the following parameters: Volume encompassed by certain isodoses outside the target as well as homogeneity and conformity as indicated by Homogeneity- and Conformity-Index. Results: Plans without treatment-time restrictions had slightest dose to organ at risk (OAR), normal tissue and least Conformity-index. MIMiC- and MLC-IMRT based plans can be treated within the intended period of 90 min, all plans met the required dose. MLC based plans resulted in higher dose to organs at risk (OAR) and dose

  2. Farklı Yoğunluktaki Malzemelerin Nötron Zayıflatma Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demet SARIYER

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet: Yüksek yoğunluklu radyasyon alanlarının oluştuğu hızlandırıcılarda, radyasyon seviyesini izin verilen doz değerlerine zayıflatmak için zırh tasarımı yapılır. Zırhın belirlenmesinde, radyasyon zayıflatma özellikleriyle birlikte kalınlığı, ağırlığı, kurulum ve bakım maliyeti gibi faktörler de göz önünde bulundurulur. Proton hızlandırıcılarında, zırhlama için etkin olan radyasyon nötronlardır ve zırh tasarımı nötronlara göre yapılır. Zırh maddesi olarak genellikle beton, toprak ve çelik kullanılır. Bu çalışmada, hızlandırıcı zırh tasarımında gerekli minimum yan duvar zırh kalınlıklarını belirlemek için farklı yoğunluklarda (toprak, standart beton, demir zırh maddeleri seçildi. Zırh kalınlıkları, FLUKA Monte Carlo kodu ile belirlendi. Anahtar kelimeler: Proton hızlandırıcı, zırh tasarımı, FLUKA, demir Investigation of Neutron Attenuation Properties for the Different Density Materials Abstract: The generation of high-intensity radiation fields in the accelerators, shield design is made to attenuation permissible levels of radiation dose. For determination of shield material, thicknesses, weight, installation and maintenance costs as well as radiation attenuation properties are taken into consideration such factors. Effective radiation for shielding is neutrons in proton accelerators and shield design is made for neutrons. Concrete, soil and iron are widely used as a shield material. In this paper, the different density of the shielding materials (soil, standard concrete, iron were selected to determine for the minimum thickness of the side wall for shielding design of proton accelerator. The thickness of the shielding is obtained by a simulation with the Monte Carlo Code FLUKA. Key words: Proton accelerator, shield design, FLUKA, iron.

  3. FOTOVOLTAiK SiSTEMLERiN DENETLENMESi iÇiN YENi BiR KONTROL KARTI VE BiLGiSAYAR YAZILIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Berkant SELEK

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalısmada, İzmir ili Bornova ilçesindeki Ege Üniversitesi Günes Enerjisi Enstitüsü bünyesinde kurulan bir yenilenebilir enerji sisteminin elektrik akısını kontrol eden bir mikroislemci kartı tasarlanmıs ve bilgisayar yazılımı gelistirilmistir. Bu amaçla, anahtarlama görevi yapan güç elektronigi devre elemanlarının bulundugu ayrı bir elektronik kartın kontrol islemini üstlenen PIC18F452 mikrodenetleyicisi kullanan bir elektronik devre gerçeklestirilmistir. Piyasadaki standart kontrol kartları tek seviyeli eviricilerin anahtarlanmasına olanak saglamaktadır. Gelistirilen kontrol kartı ise çok seviyeli eviricilerle çalısmak üzere tasarlanmıstır. Bunun yanı sıra, günes enerjisi panellerinin verimleri oldukça düsük oldugundan, günes panellerinin maksimum güç noktasında (MPP çalıstırmak çok önemlidir. Bu yüzden, tasarlanan kontrol kartı üzerinde MPP algoritması da bulunmaktadır. Ayrıca, tasarlanan kontrol kartının üzerinde RS232 seri haberlesme arabirimi mevcuttur. Böylece, kontrol kartı üzerinde gerçeklestirilen tüm fonksiyonların kullanıcının istegine göre bir bilgisayar yazılımı aracılıgı ile seçilebilmesine ve istenirse kullanıcıya rapor olarak verilebilmesine olanak tanınmıstır. Son olarak, gelistirilen kontrol kartının, gelistirdigimiz yazılım ile haberlesebilmesi için bir komut seti olusturulmustur. Böylece, kendi kontrol kartını gelistirmek isteyen veya daha görsel bir yazılım gelistirmek isteyen diger arastırmacılar için ortak bir taban olusturulması hedeflenmistir.

  4. A STUDY ON THE RELATION BETWEEN PARENTS’ GENERAL IDEAS ABOUT CHILDREN BOOKS AND CHILDREN’S PERCEPTIVE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT LEVEL ANNE VE BABALARIN ÇOCUK KİTAPLARI HAKKINDAKİ GENEL GÖRÜŞLERİ İLE ÇOCUKLARIN ALICI DİL GELİŞİM DÜZEYLERİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz ERBAY

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify the relation between parents’ general ideas about children books and children’s perceptive language development level. The study is conducted with randomly chosen 112 six year old children attending preschool classes and their parents. Parents’ and Teachers’ General Ideas about Children Books Questionnaire, and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT are used as data collection devices. In this study in addition to descriptive statistics like frequency, percentage, arithmetic average, and standard deviation, as an analysis technique Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient is also used. At the end of the study is found that there is no significant relation between parents’ ideas about children books and children’s perceptive language development level. Bu araştırmanın amacı, anne ve babaların çocuk kitapları hakkındaki genel görüşleri ile çocukların alıcı dil gelişimi düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemektir. Araştırma tesadüfî örneklem yoluyla seçilen ilköğretim okullarının ana sınıflarına devam eden altı yaşındaki 112 çocuk ile bu çocukların anne ve babaları üzerinde yapılmıştır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak Anne Baba ve Öğretmenlerin Çocuk Kitapları ile İlgili Genel Görüşleri Anketi ve Peabody Resim-Kelime Testi (PRKT kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada frekans, yüzde, aritmetik ortalama ve standart sapma gibi betimsel istatistiklerin yanında, Pearson momentler çarpımı korelasyon katsayısı analiz tekniğinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda, anne ve babaların çocuk kitapları hakkındaki genel görüşleri ile çocukların dil gelişimi düzeyleri arasında anlamlı bir ilişki saptanamamıştır.

  5. Soot Aerosol Particles as Cloud Condensation Nuclei: from Ice Nucleation Activity to Ice Crystal Morphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirim, Claire; Ikhenazene, Raouf; Ortega, Isamel Kenneth; Carpentier, Yvain; Focsa, Cristian; Chazallon, Bertrand; Ouf, François-Xavier

    2016-04-01

    Emissions of solid-state particles (soot) from engine exhausts due to incomplete fuel combustion is considered to influence ice and liquid water cloud droplet activation [1]. The activity of these aerosols would originate from their ability to be important centers of ice-particle nucleation, as they would promote ice formation above water homogeneous freezing point. Soot particles are reported to be generally worse ice nuclei than mineral dust because they activate nucleation at higher ice-supersaturations for deposition nucleation and at lower temperatures for immersion freezing than ratios usually expected for homogeneous nucleation [2]. In fact, there are still numerous opened questions as to whether and how soot's physico-chemical properties (structure, morphology and chemical composition) can influence their nucleation ability. Therefore, systematic investigations of soot aerosol nucleation activity via one specific nucleation mode, here deposition nucleation, combined with thorough structural and compositional analyzes are needed in order to establish any association between the particles' activity and their physico-chemical properties. In addition, since the morphology of the ice crystals can influence their radiative properties [3], we investigated their morphology as they grow over both soot and pristine substrates at different temperatures and humidity ratios. In the present work, Combustion Aerosol STandart soot samples were produced from propane using various experimental conditions. Their nucleation activity was studied in deposition mode (from water vapor), and monitored using a temperature-controlled reactor in which the sample's relative humidity is precisely measured with a cryo-hygrometer. Formation of water/ice onto the particles is followed both optically and spectroscopically, using a microscope coupled to a Raman spectrometer. Vibrational signatures of hydroxyls (O-H) emerge when the particle becomes hydrated and are used to characterize ice

  6. Free Radical Oxidation Induced by Iron Metabolism Disorder in Femoral and Pelvic Fractures and Potential for Its Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. P. Orlov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the pathogenic significance of iron ions in the activation of free radical oxidation in trau matic disease and valuate the efficacy of Desferal in the complex therapy of patients with femoral and pelvic fractions.Materials and methods. Iron metabolism and the intensity of free radical oxidation have been studed in 30 patients with traumas. The patients were randomized into two groups by gender, age and the severity of injury. Group I (n=15 included the injured patients who received the standard intensive therapy. Group II (n=15 included the patients who were treated with Desferal of 8 mg/kg twice daily in 12 hours along with the intensive therapy. The control group comprized of 10 healthy individuals of the same age. The concentration of total and free hemoglobine, serum iron, transferrin, total antioxidant activity of blood serum, the intensity of free radical oxida tion by the Fe2+induced chemiluminescence and hemostatic parameters were studied on admittance as well as on 3rd and 5th day of hospitalization. The parameters of sistemic hemodyamics were checked by integral rheovasog raphy. Statistical processing of data was carried out using Biostat and MS Excel software. The results were pre sented as a mean and standart deviation (M±δ. The Student’s (t and MannWhitney tests were used to prove the hypotheses. The critical level of significance was P=0.05.Results. It was determined that the disorders of iron metabolism in patients with traumatic disease were accompanied by intra and extravascular hemolysis, the excess off reduced iron ions catalizing the free radical oxidation, and failure of antioxidant system and disorders of hemostatic system and central hemodynamics. Desferal lowered the level of reduced iron in blood serum, diminished the intensity of free radical oxidation and eliminated the disorders in hemostasis and systemic hemodynamics.Conclusion. Data confirm the pathogenic role of iron ions in the

  7. COMPARABLE CYTOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTIC OF BLOOD SMEARS ON BABESIA INFECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pokhyl S.І.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In last time Babesiosis as a tick-borne hemoprotozoans human disease have a very important role in differentil diagnostics of modern infectious medicine. It caused by protozon of the genus Babesia, which invade and destory erythrocytes. Babesiosis olso has been called tick fever. So, Babesia has been known by other genus names, including Nuttallia, Microbabesia, Babesialla, and Gonderia. Because all Babesia species are piroplasms, a more inclusive term for anthropozoonotic infections caused by these organisms would be piroplasmosis.They detective complicacy are bild that, tick-borne disease agents from prolongate life cycles involving arthropod and vertebrate host. The complexity is enhanced by the diversity of hosts in different biotopes, which depends on factors life type of vegetation, climate and/or human influence, such as restoration of former industrial sites, which leads to the development of new biotopes. So, on the one hand, new habitats for plants and animals including ticks, and nature are created. About the first case of babesiosis infection was reported as a cause of human sickness in 1969 in northeastern United State. Several hundred cases are now reported from this region each year. The disease is characterized by a grandual oncet of malaise with anorexia, fever, headaches, myalgia, and other vague symptoms, which may persist for long period. Occasionally dangerous fulminating infections occur particularly in immunocompromised or aged individuals. The purpose of the present research was to study of the cytological diagnostic of blood smears from object’s with the Babesia infection. Materials and methods. Blood smears (by Romanovsky- Gimze (standart, Wright’s standart and staining, the author’s modification, 2014 of domestic dogs (n = 31 of both sexes with Babesia infection at the age from 3 months to 6 years served as the material for the study. The preparations were fixed during 1-2 seconds with 96 % ethyl alcohol. Then

  8. Meningkatkan Ketuntasan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Kelas VIII-F SMP Negeri 33 Surabaya Melalui Penerapan Model Pengajaran Langsung Dengan Kegiatan Laboratorium Mini Pada Materi Pembentukan Harga Pasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudjianingsih .

    2017-01-01

    setelah menerapkan model pengajaran langsung dengan kegiatan praktikum sederhana sedangkan kinerja peserta didik pada aspek psikomotor dan aspek afektif mengalami peningkatan. Kata kunci : model pengajaran langsung, laboratorium mini, ketuntasan belajar, respon   The research conducted because the students in the 8th grade of SMPN 33 Surabaya found difficulties to learn Social Science. Based on the observation, in fact, the use of lacture method and the question-answer method made the students as the learning object. The studens who sat at the back tended to be passive and may be their achievement was not good or they could not pass the minimal passing grade. To overcome the problem, the researcher conducted the Class Action Research presenting the direct learning model with the practical activity in the class because the practical activity is as a part of procedural knowledge. The steps how to do the research are: planning, acting, observation, reflection, and revision. This research conducted three cycles and took th data from the observation sheet and test perfomed in March to April 2013. Based on the data analyze, it shows the teacher was able to manage the class using the direct learning model in the first to third cycle. The learning result improved to be better. In the first cycle, psychomotoric skill of the students in the transactional aspect reached the skore 2.6 (good category, while in the second cycle reached 2.4 (less good category, it caused the student were less serious to do the activity and observation, then in the third cycle improved again to reach 3.8 (very good category. The students’ afective skill in asking or expressing opnion in the first cycle reached 2.8 (good category, while in the second cycle it decreased to be 2.4 (less good category, and in the third cycle improved again to get 3.3 (very good category. The students’ learning achievement reached the standart of school passing grade. While the learning succes of the students in the 8

  9. Örgütsel Bağlılık ile Örgütsel Sinizm ve Örgütsel Muhalefet Arasındaki İlişki The Relationship Between Organizational Commitment and Organizational Cynicism and Organizational Dissent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaya YILDIZ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Organizatonal commitment is the teellings and relation employessto the organization they work. It is seen that organizational commitmentis affected by various factors and various factors are influenced byorganizational commitment. In recent years, organizational cynicismand organizational dissent are observed as new topic areasorganizational behaviour. In this regard, theachers’ cynicism anddissent perceptions are considered it is seen that to be important. Inthis framework, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationshipbetween primary school teachers’ organizational commitment andorganizational cynicism and organizational dissent perceptions. Thepopulation of the study is formed by primary school teachers (n:219working in the city center of Bolu in 2012-2013 academic year. Thedata were collected through “Organizational Commitment Scale”developed by Meyer and Allen (1984 adapted into Turkish by Boylu,Pelit and Güçer (2007 and “Organizational Cynicism Scale” developedby Brandes, Dharwadkar ve Dean (1999 adapted into Turkish byKalağan (2009 and Dissent Behaviours Sub-Scale of “OrganizationalDissent Scale” developed by Özdemir (2010. To analyze the data, SPSS16.0 program was used and descriptive statistics as; frequency,percentage, meanscore, standart deviation and correlation, were used.The findings of the study revealed correlation between primary schoolteachers’ organizational commitment and organizational cynicism andorganizational dissent perceptions. A high negative correlation wasfound between the organizational commitment and organizationalcynicism perceptions and a moderate negative correlation was foundbetween organizational commitment and organizational dissentperceptions of primary school teachers. Örgütsel bağlılık, işgörenin çalıştığı örgüte karşı hissettiği bağın bir ifadesidir. Örgütsel bağlılığın birçok değişkenden etkilendiği ve birçok değişkeni de etkilediği g

  10. IMPORTANT CHANGE IN RELIGIO-LEGAL STANDARDIZATION OF OTTOMAN PRODUCTS: PASSAGE TO CERTIFICATE OF THE SEAL “IT IS CLEAN/TÂHİRDİR” OSMANLI’DA ÜRÜNLERİN DİNÎ/ŞER‘Î STANDARDİZASYONUNDA DÖNÜM NOKTASI: TÂHİRDİR DAMGALI SERTİFİKASYONA GEÇİŞ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YILDIZ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It is known that the Ottoman state implemented austere certification of products monitored by organizations such as ihtisab office/ office of the superintendent of guilds and markets and akhi office/ urban fraternity ruling over parts of Anatolia in late Seljuk and early Ottoman times. The monitoring process that was implemented based on religio-legal perspective or material quality aspect moved to an important phase with a critical decision made in modern times: The seal of “it is clean/tâhirdir” was introduced to include inedible products for the first time to be supervised by religio-legal standarts. This decision was made to protect Muslims from products that might contained harmful ingredients according to religio-legal norms. This move was made before the kosher certification that was formed within the Jewish community in America, which became a certain measure of food standart later in the world. This decision also can provide historical background for the practice of halal food certificates in the world. The notion of “it is clean” becomes more evident in the midst of today’s world where genetically modified organisms became so widespread to the level that threatens the health of human generation now. This article aims to study the relevant Ottoman official documents on this issue probably for the first time, and share them with the academic world. Osmanlı devleti ve toplumunda ürünlerin, standartları hisbe/ihtisap ve ahîlik teşkilatları gibi kurumlar vasıtasıyla denetlenen oldukça ciddi sertifikasyon uygulamasına tabi tutuldukları bilinmektedir. Gerek dinî/şer‛î boyutuyla gerekse maddi/nesnel kalite yönleriyle yürütülen bu denetleme işlemi, modern zamanlarda gerçekten çok çarpıcı bir kavşak noktasına ulaştırılmıştır: Özellikle dinî/şer‛î ölçütlerin gıda ürünleri dışındaki ürünlerde de gözetilerek Müslümanların kullanmalarında sakınca bulunmayan ürünlere t

  11. SISTEM INFORMASI PELAYANAN PUBLIC DIKECAMATAN KAMPAR TIMUR KABUPATEN KAMPAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguswan Aguswan

    2017-06-01

    pengelolaan informasi serta mekanisme penyampaian informasi dari penyelenggara kepada masyarakat dan sebaliknya dalam bentuk lisan, tulisan latin, tulisan dalam huruf Braile, bahasa gambar, dan / atau bahasa lokal, serta disajikan secara manual ataupun elektronik.Dalam rangka memberikan dukungan informasi terhadap  penyelenggaraan pelayanan publik perlu diselenggarakan sistem informasi yang bersifat Nasional. Untuk itu penyelenggara berkewajiban mengelola sistem informasi yang meliputi: Profil Penyelenggara, Profil pelaksana, Standar pelayanan, Maklumat pelayanan, Pengelolaan pengaduan dan Penilaian kinerja.Hasil penelitian yang dilaksanakan pada kantor kecamatan Kampar timur yang menyoroti tentang penerapan sistem informasi pelayanan publik, dimana hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa ketersediaan system informasi pelayanan masih kurang lengkap yaitu sebanyak 14 (40,00 responden memberikan tanggapannya, begitu juga responden yang memberikan tanggapanya tentang tersdianya penyelenggaraan system informosi pelayanan yaitu sebanyak 12(34,00 responden memberikan tanggapannya, dan responden yang memberikan tanggapan tentang cukup tersdianya penyelenggaraan system informasi pelayanan yaitu sebanyak 9 (26,00 responden yang memberikan tanggapannya.Selanjutnya dalam penyelenggaraan system informasi pelayanan yang telah diselenggarakan oleh Pemerintahan kecamatan Kampar timur, terdapatnya faktor – faktor penghambat yaitu penyediaan data secara non elektronik masih belum lengkap, alat dan teknologi masih juga terbatas dan SDM pegawai yang masih kurang professional dalam menyelenggarakan tugas dan tanggung jawabnya di dalam melaksanakan pelayanan kepada masyarakat. Kata Kunci: Sistem Informasi Pelayanan, standart pelayanan, implementasi

  12. AN ANALYSIS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE TEACHER CANDIDATES’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPUTER ASSISTED EDUCATION TÜRKÇE ÖĞRETMENİ ADAYLARININ BİLGİSAYAR DESTEKLİ EĞİTİME İLİŞKİN TUTUMLARININ İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah ŞAHİN

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to analyze attitudes of Turkish language teacher candidates towards Computer Assisted Education in terms of several variables. “The Attitude Scale Towards Computer Assisted Education”, developed by Arslan (2006, has been used as a data collection instrument. The subjects of the research are 215 Turkish language teacher candidates studying at Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University. The samples of the research are 135 randomly selected students. The statistical methods of frequency, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, one way variance analysis (ANOVA, and the scheffe test have been used in the data analysis section. As a result of the research, it has been determined whether the attitudes that Turkish language teacher candidates have towards Computer Assisted Education can change according to the students’ gender and whether or not they possess a computer. Additionally, it has been determined that the higher the class level in which the students study, the more positive their attitudes will be towards Computer Assisted Education Bu araştırmanın amacı, Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının bilgisayar destekli eğitime ilişkin tutumlarını çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelemektir. Betimsel bir çalışma olan bu araştırmada veriler, Arslan (2006 tarafından geliştirilen ‘Bilgisayar Destekli Eğitim Yapmaya İlişkin Tutum Ölçeği’ kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Araştırma evrenini, 2009-2010 eğitim-öğretim döneminde Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen Üniversitesi Türkçe Eğitimi Bölümünde öğrenim gören 215 öğretmen adayı oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın örneklemini ise tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilen 135 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Verilerin çözümlenmesinde frekans, yüzde, standart sapma, t-testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi (ANOVA ve scheffe testi istatistiksel yöntemleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının bilgisayar destekli e

  13. Problems of administration of ACCOUNTING OF QUALITY OF LANDs in system of state land of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tykhenko O.V.

    2016-08-01

    degradation. Standards of qualitative conditions of soils establishing in order to prevent their depletion and are used for monitoring the qualitative quality of conditions of soils. Standarts of quantative condition of soils are determining the level of pollution, optimal nutrient content, physical and chemical properties, etc.. Is necessary to use data of soil surveys and agrochemical certification of agricultural lands. The main problem of State Land Cadastre of Ukraine is the almost complete lack of information from the accounting of land quality. Filling the layer of "soil" in the Public Cadastral Map, according to the approved nomenclature list agro-industrial groups of soils, most likely does not correspond to the current state. It is connected with outdated information about the soils, because it was based on data from large-scale of soil surveys, which for several decades have not conducted. To fill the cadastral system by information about quantative condition of lands should be properly organized interaction between The State Service for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre and State organization «Institute of soil protection of Ukraine», other agencies on the rational use, land protection. This requires financing of measures from accounting of quality of lands not only from the state, but also adding of landowners and landusers, which using rented lands.

  14. S-34: Üst Düzey U-14 Erkek Futbolcuların Lig Performansları ve Psikolojik Duygu Durum İlişkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raziye Dut

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available GİRİŞ: Her spor dalında olduğu gibi futbolda da futbol oynama amacı, bireysel psikolojik farklılıklar futbolcunun lig performansını etkileyebilmektedir. Özellikle adolesan döneminde fiziksel ve psikolojik farklılıklar oldukça yoğun ve labil yaşanmaktadır. Bu değişikliklerin futbolcunun lig performansına yansıması çoğu zaman kaçınılmaz olabilmektedir. AMAÇ: Aynı kronolojik yaşta milli takım seçilme kampına davet edilmiş erkek futbolcuların lig performansları ve psikolojik duygu durum ilişkilerini incelemektir.GEREÇ-YÖNTEM: 2016-2017 sezonunda U-14 yaş kategorisinde milli takıma seçilme kampına davet edilen 288 sporcudan akademi liglerinde oynayan 158 erkek futbolcu çalışmaya dahil edildi. İlk yarı dönemdeki maç, gol, toplam dakika, sarı/ kırmızı kart sayıları sporda güdülenme ölçeği (SGÖ, kovaks depresyon anketi (KOVAKS, çocuklarda anksiyete tarama ölçeği (ÇATÖ kullanılarak psikolojik duygu durum ilişkisi incelendi. Nicel veriler ortalama ± Standart Sapma (SS ile özetlendi. Gruplar arası farklılıkların saptanmasında chi-square, Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, post hoc Tukey, korelasyon için Spearman testleri kullanıldı. P0,05. SDÖ puanları ile maç (r=-0,136, p=0,045, toplam oynadıkları dakika (r=-0,149, p=0,032, gol sayıları (r=-0,139, p=0,043 arasında düşük negatif korelasyon saptandı. 1. yaş çeyreğinde olanlarda daha fazla patolojik KOVAKS puanı (p=0,003. 1.yaş çeyreğinde SDÖ puanları 2.yaş çeyreğine göre düşüktü (p=0,041.SONUÇ: Spocuların oynadıkları maç sayısının azalmasıyla sporda güdülenmemenin artığı ve attıkları gol sayısıyla özdeşimler düzenlemenin arttiğı saptandı. Psikolojik duygu durum dalgalanmasının sık yaşandığı adolesan döneminde yarışma kaygısı futbol gibi takım oyununda oyuna yansıması kaçınılmaz olabilir. Çalışmanın geniş kitlelerde yapılarak hassas bir dönem olan adolesan d

  15. TS 13298 Çerçevesinde Kurumsal Bilgi Sistemleri ve Elektronik Belge Yönetimi Standartlarının Değerlendirilmesi: İçişleri Bakanlığı Örneği=The Evaluation of Enterprise Information Systems and Electronic Records Management Standards within the scope of TS 13298: A Case of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şahika Eroğlu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bilişim teknolojileri birçok alanda olduğu gibi kamu hizmetlerinin yapılandırılmasında ve vatandaş devlet ilişkilerinde de çeşitli değişimlere yol açmıştır. Bu kapsamda kurum hizmetlerinde kullanılan kurumsal bilgi sistemleri temel olarak elektronik belge yönetimi uygulamalarına dayanmaktadır. Çalışmada; belge yönetimi, kurumsal bilgi sistemleri ve elektronik belge yönetimi kapsamında ulusal mevzuat ve standartlar analiz edilerek- TS 13298 Elektronik Belge Yönetimi standardına dayanılarak geliştirilen bir değerlendirme aracıyla kurumların elektronik belge yönetimi programları için sistem gereksinimlerinin neler olduğu ve standarda uygunluk durumları belirlenmesi hedeflenmiştir. Bu noktadan hareketle TS 13298 standardı kapsamında geliştirilen ve 40 maddeden oluşan değerlendirme aracı, örnek bir uygulama olarak elektronik belge yönetimi uygulamalarının yoğunlukla gerçekleştirildiği İçişleri Bakanlığında uygulanmış ve söz konusu Bakanlığın elektronik belge yönetimi programının iyileştirilmesi gereken noktaları ve standarda uygunluk durumu analiz edilmiştir.\\As in many areas IT Technologies has led to various changes for the implementation of public services and relationships between the citizen and governments In this context, enterprise information systems used in enterprise services is mainly based on electronic document management applications. Document management, enterprise information systems, electronic document management and standards are analyzed under the national legislations in this study. In this respect, main aim of the study is to determining system requirements for electronic document management program in institutions and their suitability for TS13298 standard via an assessment tool developed in accordance to TS13298 Electronic Document Management Standard. From this point the assessment tool developed within the standart of TS13298 and consists of 40 items

  16. A enfermagem de saúde pública no Distrito Federal: a influência do relatório Goldmark (1923 A 1927 La enfermería de salud publica en el Distrito Federal: la influencia del relato goldmark (1923 hasta 1927 The public health nursing in the Distrito Federal: the influence of the goldmark report (1923 to 1927

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Ann Menezes Freire

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social, embasado na análise documental. Investiga as influências do Relatório Goldmark na organização da enfermagem de saúde pública, após o processo da Reforma Carlos Chagas, de 1923 a 1927. Objetivos: identificar as circunstâncias em que se deram as primeiras propostas para organizar a enfermagem de saúde pública durante a Reforma Carlos Chagas; analisar as implicações do Relatório Goldmark para a organização do saber e do fazer na enfermagem de saúde pública, na Capital da República, na década de 1920. Podemos citar como uma das implicações do Relatório Goldmark na organização da enfermagem de saúde pública no Distrito Federal a alteração do Standard Curriculum, adotado pela Escola de Enfermagem do Departamento Nacional de Saúde Pública, diante de uma de suas questões centrais, que procurou produzir um equilíbrio no ensino teórico-prático, o que provocou reflexos no saber e no fazer das enfermeiras de saúde pública.Estudio histórico-social basado en el análisis documental. Investiga las influencias del Relato Goldmark en la enfermería de salud publica después del proceso de la Reforma Carlos Chagas, 1923 - 1927. Objetivos: Identificar las condiciones en que ocurrieron las primeras propuestas para organizar la enfermería de salud publica en la Reforma Carlos Chagas; Analizar las implicaciones del Relato Goldmark para la organización de lo saber y de lo hacer en la enfermería de salud publica en la Capital de la Republica en la década de 1920. Podemos citar cómo una de las implicaciones del Relato Goldmark en la organización de la enfermería de salud publica en el Distrito Federal la alteración del "Standart Curriculum", adoptado por la Escuela de Enfermería del Departamento Nacional de Salud Publica, frente una de sus cuestiones centrales que intent�� producir un equilibrio en la enseñanza teórica y practica, lo que causó reflejo en lo saber y el que hacer de las

  17. Farklı Beton Dayanımlarındaki Kolonlarda, Eksenel Yük Seviyelerine Göre Geri Sıçramalı Çekiç Verilerinin Korelasyonu İçin Deneysel Bir Öneri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf DEMİREL

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Betonun basınç dayanımı, betonarme sistemin yapısal bütünlüğü açısından hayati önem taşımaktadır. Gerek inşaat aşamasında gerekse inşaat tamamlandıktan sonra, farklı yapı elemanlarındaki basınç dayanımlarının bilinmesi, kontrol ve değerlendirme yapılabilmesi açısından oldukça önemlidir. Standartların ve yönetmeliklerin değişimiyle kontrol ve değerlendirme için beton dayanımının tespiti daha da önem kazanmıştır.Yapıya az hasar verecek şekilde, beton dayanımının bulunması önemlidir. Geri sıçramalı çekiç ile beton dayanımı tespiti ekonomik, pratik ve hasarsız olması nedeniyle çok kullanışlı bir yöntemdir. Yapılan çalışmalarda, geri sıçramalı çekiç ile karot numunesinden bulunan beton dayanımı arasında tutarsızlıklar gözlenmiştir. Geri sıçramalı çekiç okumaları herhangi bir düzeltme faktör dikkate alınmadan kullanılmaktadır. Bu da geri sıçramalı çekicin kullanımını ve güvenirliğini azaltmaktadır.Bu çalışmada, fck=14, fck=20 ve fck=24 MPa dayanımlara sahip deney elemanlarında 0.013N0-0.2N0-0.3N0-0.4N0-0.5N0-0.6N0-0.7N0 yük düzeylerinde her dört yüzeyinden en az beşer adet geri sıçramalı çekiç okuması alınmış, standart sapma analizi yapılmıştır. Elde edilen dayanımların, eksenel yük düzeyi ile değişimi irdelenmiştir. Eksenel yük düzeyinin de ayrı bir sapma yarattığı tespit edilmiştir. Eksenel yük düzeyine göre,  geri sıçramalı çekiç verileri için rekrasyon doğrusu bulunmuştur. Geri sıçramalı çekiç ile beton dayanımın elde edilmesinde eksenel yük düzeyinin de bir düzeltme faktörü olarak dikkate alması gerektiği görülmüştür.Anahtar Kelimeler: Beton dayanımı tespiti, Geri sıçramalı çekiç, Eksenel yük düzeyi, Rekrasyon doğrusu

  18. Coğrafya Konuların Öğretiminde Materyal Kullanımının Öğrenci Başarısına Etkisi: Bir Meta Analiz Çalışması / The Effect of the Usage of Instructional Materials on Student Achievement in Teaching Geography: A Meta-analytic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf İnel

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aims to combine the results of independent studies in order to reveal the impact of the usage of instructional materials in teaching geography subjects on students’ achievement. We have tried to answer the question “Do the instructional materials in teaching geography subjects impact on students’ achievement?”. The study is performed via meta-analysis. The total sampling size obtained from 31 studies included in analysis. The data were analyzed using STATA 13. and CMA 3 programs. When analyzing the data, the values of standard deviation, arithmetic average and sampling size of postest measures of control and experimental groups in each study were used. The results of this study indicate that the usage of instructional materials in the teaching geography subjects impacts positively on students’ achievementat at wider effect size. They also show that there is no any statistically difference among effect size by sampling stage (high school, the material type used, research type, and publication years of studies.  Öz Bu çalışmada, coğrafya konuların öğretilmesinde kullanılan materyallerin öğrenci başarısı üzerindeki etkisinin tespit edilmesine yönelik yapılmış birbirinden bağımsız çalışmalardan elde edilen sonuçların birleştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaç dâhilinde, “Coğrafya Konuların Öğretiminde Kullanılan Materyaller, öğrencilerin akademik başarılarını etkilemekte midir?” sorusuna cevap aranmıştır. Çalışma, meta analiz yöntemiyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Analize dahil edilen 31 çalışmadan elde edilen toplam örneklem büyüklüğü 2138 dir. Verilerin analizinde STATA 13 ve CMA 3 programları kullanılmıştır. Verileri analiz ederken her bir çalışmanın kontrol ve deney grubunun sontest ölçümlerinden standart sapma, aritmetik ve örneklem büyüklüğü değerleri kullanılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda, coğrafya konuların öğretiminde kullan

  19. Electron-impact excitation of the In+ ion resonance line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomonai, A.; OvcharenkO, E.; Imre, A.; Hutych, Yu.

    2004-01-01

    Full text: Study of the electron-impact excitation of the In + ion is important not only for atomic structure research, but also for applications to astrophysics, analytical techniques and fusion research, as well as for new applications of this ion such as a component of solid state laser media and as a source for an optical frequency standart. The energy dependence of the electron-impact excitation of the In + ion resonance line was studied by spectroscopic method using the crossed-beam technique in the energy range from the threshold up to 300 eV for the following process: e + In + (4d 10 5s 2 ) 1 S 0 e' + In + (4d 10 5s5p) 1 P 0 1 e' + In + (4d 10 5s 2 ) 1 S 0 +h (1) Process (1) includes the direct electron-impact excitation of the 5s5p 1 P 0 1 state from the ground 5s 2 1 S 0 state, as well as the contribution of the cascade transitions and resonance processes: In + (4d 10 5s nln 1 l 1 , 4d 10 5p 2 nl, 4d 9 5s 2 nln 1 l 1 ) In + (4d 10 5s 2 ) 1 S 0 + e' (2) The peculiarity of this investigation is the presence of low lying metastable states and high temperature (T1250K) of atomic vapour. The ions produced in the ion source on the heated tantalum surface were extracted, focused and accelerated by a system of ion optical lenses into a beam (E i = 700eV, I i (11.4)10 -6 A), separated from neutral atoms by means of a 90 deg electrostatic selector and crossed at the right angle by the ribbon electron beam (E e = (7300)eV, Ie = (610)10 -5 A, 0 1/2 (0.40.5)eV) in the collision region (at P 10 -8 Torr) [1]. Radiation observed at 90 deg with respect to the beam intersection plane was spectrally separated by a 70 deg vacuum monochromator (d/dl = 1.7nm/mm) based on the Seya- Namioka scheme and detected by a photomultiplier. The measurements and experimental data processing were realised by means of a PC. The drop of the energy dependence of the excitation cross section obey the E -1 lnE rule specific for the optically allow transitions. A distinct structure in the energy

  20. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING INDUSTRI FURNITURE ROTAN INDONESIA DI KAWASAN ASEAN DAN TIONGKOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudi Eko Setyawan

    2016-11-01

    ekonomi suatu negara. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis daya saing furniture rotan Indonesia di kawasan ASEAN Tiongkok serta faktor-faktor yang memengaruhinya dan kemudian menyimpulkan strategi yang tepat untuk meningkatkan daya saingnya. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan Diamond’s Porter, Normalized Revealed Comparative Advantage (NRCA dan regresi data panel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa daya saing furniture rotan Indonesia di kawasan ASEAN dan Tiongkok dalam kurun waktu 2001 hingga 2014 berfluktuasi dan sebenarnya masih mempunyai daya saing meskipun kecil, hal ini dapat dilihat dari semua nilai indeks NRCA nilainya positif. Pada Fixed Effect Model (FEM, variabel independen yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap NRCA adalah harga ekspor, volume ekspor, harga furniture rotan dunia, harga rotan mentah dunia, jumlah perusahaan industri rotan di Indonesia, produksi rotan riil di Indonesia, nilai produksi rotan di Indonesia, investasi industri rotan di Indonesia, tenaga kerja langsung industri rotan, besarnya suku bunga pinjaman Bank, pemberlakuan ACFTA dan kebijakan pelarangan ekspor rotan mentah maupun setengah jadi. Untuk mampu meningkatkan daya saing furniture rotan Indonesia, pemerintah harus mendirikan pusat pengembangan atau pelatihan dan pengembangan desain yang inovatif maupun standart mutu furniture rotan Indonesia. Hal ini juga didukung dengan adanya jaminan ketersediaan bahan baku rotan dan peningkatan teknologi industri pengolahan rotan. Hal ketiga yang perlu dilakukan adalah perbaikan infrastruktur maupun rantai distribusi, perbaikan sistem informasi pasar rotan serta penguatan brand image furniture rotan Indonesia.Kata Kunci: daya saing furniture rotan, diamond’s porter, normalized revealed comparative advantage, fixed effect model

  1. Karbon Monoksit Zehirlenmesiyle Acil Servise Başvuran Çocuk Hastaların İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Aslan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Amaç: Çalışmamızın amacı İnönü Üniversitesi Turgut Özal Tıp Merkezi Çocuk Acil Ünitesi’nde son yedi yılda karbon monoksit (CO zehirlenmesi tanısı alan hastaların demografik, klinik ve laboratuvar özelliklerini ortaya koymaktır.Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya Nisan 2009 ile Nisan 2016 tarihleri arasında CO zehirlenmesi nedeniyle Çocuk Acil Ünitesi’ne başvuran 57 çocuk dahil edilmiştir. Verilerin istatiksel analizi SPSS (Ver. 17.0 paket programı ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Karşılaştırmalarda sıklık değerlendirmesi yapılarak, en düşük ve en yüksek değerler, ortalama değerler, standart hata oranı, sayı (n ve yüzde (% parametreleri kullanılmıştır.Bulgular: Çalışmaya alınan 57 hastanın yaş ortalaması 8.8±4,8 ve 36’sı kız (%63,2 idi. CO zehirlenme vakalarının yıl olarak en sık 2013 (%36,8 yılında, ay olarak ise en sık Ocak (%43,9 ayında gerçekleştiği tespit edildi. Zehirlenmelerin gün içinde en sık 19.00–07.00 saatleri arasında görüldüğü, bu dilimde de en sık (%14 03.00–05.00 saatlerinde gerçekleştiği saptandı. Hastalarda en sık görülen başvuru şikayeti bulantı (%36,8 iken en sık görülen laboratuvar bulgusu lökositoz (%52,6 idi.Tartışma ve Sonuç: Çalışmamız CO zehirlenmelerin en sık kış aylarında ve gece yarısından sonra olduğunu göstermiştir. En sık görülen klinik belirtiler bulantı, kusma, baş dönmesi ve baş ağrısı idi. En ufak bir ihmal tüm aileyi etkileyebilecek bir trajedi ile sonuçlanabilmektedir. Bu nedenle bacaların ve sobaların düzenli bakımı yapılmalıdır ve uyku saatlerinde sobalar tamamen sönmüş olmalıdır. Hastalar öncelikle zehirlenme ortamından uzaklaştırılmalıdır

  2. SYNTHESIS AND PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER-SOLUBLE 3-BENZYLXANTHINE DERIVATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. Аleksandrova

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Nowadays, research of novel biological active compounds with low toxicity, are carried out among different classes of organic compounds of natural and synthetic genesis. One of the main ways of these studies is search of water-soluble compounds – convenient objects for pharmacological researches. In recent years researchers paid attention to xanthine derivatives, because of their high variativity of possible chemical modification and ability to form different salts with wide spectrum of biological action. Thus, among water-soluble xanthine derivatives were found compounds with pronounced antioxidant, diuretic and analeptic properties. Primary methods of obtaining water-soluble xanthine derivatives are direct interaction of bases with xanthine molecule or insertion basic or acidic residues in positions 7 or 8 of xanthine bicycle. According from the above, search of biologically active compounds among water-soluble substituted xanthines is prospective and actual. The aim of the study was development of synthetic ways of obtaining novel water-soluble derivatives of 3-benzyl-8-methylxanthine and studying their physical and chemical properties. Material and methods Melting points of obtained compounds were determined by capillary method on PTP (M device. ІR-spectra of synthesized compounds were recorded on the Bruker Alpha device (company «Bruker» – Germany on 4000-400 sm-1 with using console ATR (direct insertion of compound. 1Н NMR-spectra were recorded on the Varian Mercury VX-200 device (company «Varian» – USA solvent – (DMSO-d6, internal standart – ТМС. Elemental analysis was made on Elementar Vario L cube device. Chromatoraphic studies were made on the plates Sorbfil-AFV-UV (company «Sobrpolimer» –Russia. Systhems for chromatography: «acetone-propanol-2» in ratio 2:3, «propanol-2-benzene» in ratio 10:1 and exersized in UV-light in wave 200-300 nm. Results and discussion We developed methodic of synthesis

  3. TALYUMUN LUCILIA SERICATA MEIGEN 1826’NIN LARVAL GELİŞIMİ VE PMI TAHMİNİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat ALTUNSOY

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Calliphoridae larvalarının adli analizlerle yaşlarının ve larval büyüme oranlarının belirlenmesi adli incelemelerde minimum ölüm zamanının ve ölüm sonrasında geçen sürenin ölüm sonrası zamanın belirlenmesinde kullanışlı delillerdir. Ancak sıcaklık, larvaların beslendiği doku tipi ve dokuların ilaç veya toksinlerle kontamine olması gibi birçok faktör yapışkan sinek larvalarının gelişimini dolayısıyla ölüm sonrası zamanın tahminini etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmada adli açıdan son derece önemli olan yapışkan sinek türü olan Lucilia sericata Meigen 1826’nın toksik ağır metal olan Talyumun farklı konsantrasyonlarındaki (0,12; 0,25; 0,50; 1 and 2 µg/g gelişimi kontrol altındaki laboratuvar koşullarında incelenmiştir. Larvaların boy, ağırlık değişimi ile larval ve pupal ölüm oranları kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonuçlar doğrultusunda, kontrol grubu ile deney gruplarının gelişimleri arasında önemli ölçüde farkların olduğu belirlenmiştir. Kısaca, kontrol grubuna oranla, daha geç deri değiştirdikleri, maksimum uzunluğa daha geç ulaştıkları ve dozaja bağlı olarak oldukça küçük pupa oluşturdukları tespit edilmiştir. Bu sonuçlar, adli çalışmalarda, standart besi ortamında yetiştirilen larval örneklerin gelişim süreleri kullanıldığında, adli araştırmacının dokulardaki kontaminasyonu belirlemesinin önemini vurgulamaktadır.

  4. Rapid Intravenous Rehydration to Correct Dehydration and Resolve Vomiting in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anoush AZARFAR

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY: Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of rapid intravenous rehydration to resolve vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis. Methods: This randomized control trial was conducted in the pediatric emergency department in a tertiary care center in Tabriz, North-West of Iran. The study participants' were 150 children with acute gastroenteritis and vomiting who were moderately dehydrated, had not responded to oral rehydration therapy and without any electrolyte abnormalities. 20–30 cc/kg of a crystalloid solution was given intravenously over 2 hours and the control group was admitted in the emergency department (ED for a standard 24 hour hydration. Effectiveness of rapid intravenous rehydration in the resolution of vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis was evaluated. Results: In 63 children of the intervention group (out of 75 vomiting was resolved after rapid IV rehydration and they were discharged. Among them, 12 that did not tolerate oral fluids were admitted. In the control group, 62 patients' vomiting was resolved in the first 4 hours after admission, and there was no significant difference between the two groups regarding resolution of vomiting. Conclusions: Rapid intravenous rehydration in children with moderate dehydration and vomiting due to gastroenteritis is effective in reducing admission rates in the ED. ÖZET: Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, akut gastroenteritli çocuklarda, hızlı intravenöz rehidratasyon tedavisinin kusma üzerine etkisini değerlendirmektir. Gereç ve Yöntem: Bu randomize kontrollü çalışma İran'ın Kuzeybatısındaki Tebriz ilinde üçüncü basamak çocuk acil servisinde gerçekleştirildi. Çalışmaya orta derecede dehidrate, elektrolit anormalliği olmayan ve oral rehidrasyon tedavisine yanıt vermemiş akut gastroenteritli 150 çocuk katıldı. İki saat içinde intravenöz yolla 20–30 cc/kg kristaloid çözelti verildi ve kontrol grubu standart

  5. Çokkültürlülük ve Yurtseverlik Bağlamında Azınlık Öğrencilerinin Tarih Dersleriyle İlgili Algıları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YAZICI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, Türkiye’deki azınlık okullarına devam eden lise öğrencilerinin tarih dersleriyle ilgili görüşlerinin çokkültürlülük ve yurtseverlik bağlamında değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu kasti örneklem yöntemiyle seçilen, İstanbul’un çeşitli ilçelerindeki azınlık okulunda öğrenim gören 199 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışma grubundan veri toplamak amacıyla araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen Çokkültürlülük Tutum Ölçeği, Yurtseverlik Ölçeği ve tarih derslerini kendi kimlikleri açısından değerlendirmelerini amaçlayan bir anket uygulanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma ve t-testi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmaya katılan öğrencilerin çoğunluğu tarih derslerinde kendi kültürel kimliklerinin yeterince yer bulamadığını, bu kimliklere yer veren bölümlerde ise ötekileştirici bir söylemin kullanıldığını belirtmişlerdir. Tarih dersleri, kültürel farklılığa sahip öğrenciler için bu şekliyle, yurtseverlik duygusu oluşturmanın uzağında kalmaktadır.Anahtar Kelimeler: Tarih Öğretimi, Çokkültürlülük, Yurtseverlik, Çokkültürlü Eğitim, Azınlık Okulları PERCEPTION of MINORITY STUDENTS about HISTORY LESSONS in the CONTEXT of MULTICULTURALISM and PATRIOTISMAbstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate perceptions of students who attend minority school with respect to history lessons in the context of multiculturalism and patriotism in Turkey. The study group consists of intentionally chosen 199 students attending at different minority schools in Istanbul. Survey method was used in this study. The Multiculturalism Attitude Scale, Patriotism Scale and a questionnaire, developed by the researchers, examining cultural diversity in history lessons were used. In analyzing date, t- test, arithmetic mean and standard deviation were used. The findings of the study indicated

  6. BIODIESEL DARI CAMPURAN LEMAK SAPI (Beef Tallow DAN MINYAK SAWIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wara Dyah Pita Rengga

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cadangan minyak bumi semakin menipis, sehingga dicari bahan bakar alternatif, salah satunya adalah biodiesel. Minyak nabati terutama minyak sawit merupakan bahan baku edible sedangkan lemak sapi merupakan bahan baku non-edible dengan biaya rendah dan memiliki ketersediaan tinggi pada produksi sapi. Pemanfaatan lemak sapi yang belum maksimal dapat digunakan bersama minyak sawit untuk menghasilkan biodiesel. Lemak sapi dicairkan supaya menjadi minyak sapi. Bahan baku minyak sapi dan minyak sawit dicampur dengan perban-dingan 3:1. Campuran minyak ditransesterifikasi dengan metanol dengan perbandingan molar (1:6 dan katalis NaOH. Proses dilakukan selama 90 menit pada suhu ±65°C. Hasil proses transesterifikasi adalah metil ester dan gliserol. Metil ester pada lapisan atas dipisahkan dari gliserol kemudian dilakukan pencucian. Metil ester atau biodiesel selanjutnya diuji angka asam, viskositas, densitas, dan analisis menggunakan GC-MS. Yield biodiesel yang dihasilkan dari campuran minyak sapi dan minyak sawit adalah 76%, angka asam 0,67124 mg-KOH/g, densitas 857,76 kg/cm³, dan viskositas 3,0074 mm2/s. Kesemua parameter tersebut sesuai dengan standart mutu SNI biodiesel. Kandungan metil ester dari minyak sawit dan lemak sapi adalah metiloleat dan metil palmitat. The availability of the fossil fuel is decreasing; hence the finding of an alternative fuels is very important. One of those alternative fuels is biodiesel. Vegetable oil, especially palm oil is the edible raw material, while the beef tallow is the non-edible raw material with low cost production and the availability is huge in the cattle production. The beef tallow mixed with palm oil can be used as raw material for producing biodiesel. Firstly, the beef tallow was melted into beef oil. The raw materials of beef tallow and palm oil were mixed with the composition ratio of 3:1. The resulted mixed-oil was transesterificated by adding methanol with molar ratio of 1:6 and NaOH as

  7. Estudo da confiabilidade e validade da utilização do hidropletismômetro para medida de edema no tornozelo Study of the reliability and validity of the water plethysmographer for use in measurement of the edema at the ankle/foot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Lara Lamounier Andrade

    2011-03-01

    measurements obtained by graduated cylinders from 10 to 1000 ml, water displacement device (gold standart. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs evaluated intra- and inter-raters reliability, whereas paired Student t-tests and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to establish validity of the water plethysmography.The results demonstrated excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability levels with levels with CCI3,1=0.99 and CCI3,2=0.99 respectively. No differences were found between the measures obtained with the water plethysmography compared to those of the water displacement device (p=0.40. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed a high magnitude and significance level between the measures (r=1,0; p<0.0001.The findings demonstrated that the water plethysmography is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring ankle/foot volume.

  8. Hemşirelik Fakültesi Öğrencilerinin Sosyal Ağ Sitelerini Kullanma Amacı ile İletişim Becerileri Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Kaya

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Amaç: Araştırma, hemşirelik öğrencilerinin sosyal ağ sitelerini kullanma amacı ile iletişim becerileri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemeye yönelik tanımlayıcı ve ilişki arayıcı türde planlandı.Yöntem: Araştırmanın evrenini, bir Hemşirelik Fakültesi’nin 2011-2012 eğitim-öğretim yılında öğrenim gören tüm öğrenciler, örneklemini ise tabakalı rastgele örnekleme yöntemi ile belirlenen 238 öğrenci oluşturdu. Kurumdan yazılı, öğrencilerden sözlü bilgilendirilmiş onam alındı. Veriler Yapılandırılmış Soru Formu, Sosyal Ağ Siteleri Kullanım Amacı Ölçeği ve İletişim Becerileri Ölçeği (İBÖ ile toplandı. Verilerin analizinde; frekans, yüzde, aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma, Independent t testi, Spearman’s rho korelasyon testleri kullanıldı.Bulgular: Yaş ortalamasının 20.67±2.67 %78.2’sinin kız, %59.7’sinin bilgisayar kullandığı, %98.3’ünün internet, %86.1’inin sosyal ağ kullandığı, sosyal ağ sitelerini kullanan öğrencilerin %47.9’unun myspace, %26.1’inin twitter, %18’inin ise facebook’u tercih ettikleri saptandı. Öğrencilerin Sosyal Ağ Siteleri Kullanım Amacı Ölçeği toplam puan ortalamasının 38.69±17.49, İBÖ toplam puan ortalamasının 104.00±19.26 olduğu görüldü. Sosyal ağ sitelerini kullanan öğrencilerin İBÖ toplam puanı arasında anlamlı bir fark bulunmazken (p>0.05, İBÖ davranışsal alt boyutunda istatistiksel açıdan anlamlı bir fark saptandı (p<0.001.Sonuçlar: Öğrencilerin iletişim becerileri orta düzeydedir. Sosyal ağ sitelerini hem iletişim, hem kendini tanıtma, hem de eğitim amaçlı kullanmaktadırlar. Sosyal ağ sitelerini etkin kullanan öğrenciler, iletişim becerilerini davranışlarına yansıtabilmektedirler. 

  9. Synthesis and physical-chemical properties of 6-(5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethyl-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-amines and 6-((5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethil-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-yl-(alk,ar,heterylmethanimines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. S. Hulina

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Over the past decade the number of publications, that contain different aspects of chemistry and use of triazoles and tetrazoles have been doubled and continues to grow. Puplications of recent years show that heterocycles with 1,2,3,4-teterazoles and 1,2,4-triazoles are biologically active compounds with a broad spectrum of action. This fact indicates the interest to these compounds as potential objects of modern pharmaceutical market, namely to those compounds which contain both heterocycles. Purpose – synthesis and establishment of physical-chemical properties of 6-(5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethyl-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-amines and 6-((5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethil-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-yl-(alk,ar,heterylmethanimines. Materials and methods. The melting point has been determined by capillary method. The elemental composition of compounds has been set with the help of elemental analyzer Elementar Vario L cube (CHNS. 1H NMR spectra of obtained compounds has been set with the help of Varian Mercury VX-200, solvent – DMSO-d6, internal standart – Tetramethylsilane. Chromatography-mass spectrometry studies have been conducted on gas-liquid chromatograph Agilent 1260 Infinity HPLC equipped with a mass spectrometer Agilent 6120. 5-(1H-Tetrazole-1-ylmethyl-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-thioles were used as starting materials for 6-(5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethyl-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-amines. Synthesis of the compounds was carried out in a medium of propyl alcohol in the presence of 5-amino-2-chloropyridine. 6-((5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethil-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-yl-(alk,ar,heterylmethanimines were obtained reacting 6-(5-(1Н-tetrazole-1-ylmethyl-4-R-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylthiopyridin-3-amines with the appropriate aldehydes (acetaldehyde, m-anisaldehyde, 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 3-fluorobenzaldehyde, 4-fluorobenzaldehyde, 4-diethylaminobenzaldehyd, hydroxynaphthalene in the acetic acid medium. Results. 11 New

  10. Análise da aptidão industrial de seis cultivares de maçãs, considerando suas avaliações físico-químicas (Dados da Safra 2001/2002 Industrial fitness analysis of six apple cultivars, considering their physico-chemical evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cícero Paganini

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A agroindústria da maçã no Brasil utiliza como matéria-prima frutas de descarte provenientes dos processos de seleção para o mercado de frutas in natura. Esse descarte pode representar 30% da produção total. Essas frutas são processadas à medida que são encaminhadas para a indústria. Em países europeus, entretanto, tanto para a obtenção de sucos quanto para sidras, são utilizadas frutas de cultivares selecionadas para tal fim, sendo usados como marcadores de qualidade industrial os teores de acidez, taninos e açúcares. Esses componentes são importantes para a qualidade do produto e envolvem os critérios de cor, sabor e aromas, atributos envolvidos no processo de compra e no hábito dos consumidores. Neste trabalho, foram avaliadas seis cultivares de maçãs (Gala, Eva, Rainha, Fred Hough, Imperatriz e Sansa em relação aos parâmetros: teores de sólidos solúveis totais, açúcares totais e redutores, sacarose, glucose, frutose e compostos fenólicos totais, além da acidez total titulável. Foram determinadas as razões entre açúcares totais/acidez total, grau brix/acidez total e a proporção entre glucose, sacarose e frutose. Pelos resultados, verificou-se que a cultivar Imperatriz apresentou a maior porcentagem de frutose: 66%. O indicador industrial, calculado a partir da razão açúcar/acidez, que apresenta como critério o valor 20, estabelece que essas cultivares podem ser classificadas como de interesse comercial, e não industrial, uma vez que as seis cultivares apresentaram valores superiores a esse critério, ou seja, com baixa acidez. As cultivares Sansa, Rainha e Imperatriz apresentaram valores superiores a 200 ppm de compostos fenólicos (valor referencial, o que lhes confere características interessantes para serem exploradas pelo setor industrial.The apple processing in Brazil is done with fruits that do not reach the standart of quality stablished for commercial purposes, which are named industrial

  11. An Investigation of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Classroom Teachers in the Identification of Gifted Students / Üstün Zekalıların Tanılanmasında Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Etkililik ve Verimliliklerinin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feyzullah Şahin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Nomination process is the first stage of the identification process. The effectiveness and efficiency in nomination process of teachers trained and not trained on gifted students were examined in this study. Static group comparison or nonequivalent control group design was used. Teacher rating scale, information form and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Plus (RSPM+ were used as the data collection tools. Teachers’ effectiveness and efficiency ratios in the identification process were calculated in the data analysis. In identification, efficiency is ratio of number of gifted students identified by teachers to number of students nominated. Effectiveness in identification is the ratio of the number of gifted students identified by teacher to number of students are really gifted. The result showed that the effectiveness and efficacy of teachers attaining training are higher than those not trained. Keywords: teachers, efficiency, effectiveness, identification, gifted students Öz Aday gösterme süreci, tanılama sürecinin ilk aşamasıdır. Çalışmada üstün zekalı öğrenciler konusunda eğitim alan öğretmenler ile eğitim almayan öğretmenlerin aday gösterme sürecindeki etkililik ve verimlilikleri incelenmiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak öğretmen dereceleme ölçeği, bilgi formu ve Raven’ın Standart İlerleyen Matrisleri Plus Versiyonu (RSPM+ kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde, öğretmenlerin tanılama sürecindeki etkililik ve verimlilik oranları hesaplanmıştır. Verimlilik, öğretmenlerce aday gösterilen olası üstün zekalı öğ- rencilerden kaçının gerçekte üstün zekalı olduğu ile ilgili oran iken, etkililik bir grup içerisinde üstün zekalı olduğu doğrulanmış öğrencilerin öğretmen tarafından tespit edilebilme oranı olarak tanımlanabilir. Araştırma sonucunda, konuya ilişkin eğitim almış öğretmenlerin etkililik ve verimlilik oranlarının konuya ilişkin eğitim almam

  12. Teores de nutrientes e qualidade fisiológica de sementes de feijão em resposta à adubação foliar com manganês e zinco Nutrient contents and physiological quality of common bean seeds in response to leaf fertilization with manganese and zinc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itamar Rosa Teixeira

    2005-01-01

    , 300 and 600 g ha-1 and five rates of Zn (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 g ha-1, split in leaf sprayings at 25 and 35 days after emergency. It was evaluated the content of nutrients present in the seeds and its physiological quality, through the standart germination test and vigor test by means of first counting, accelerated aging and electric conductivity. The leaf application of manganese and zinc promoted linear increments in the contents of Mn and Zn in the seeds of bean. The seed contents of N, P, B and Cu were influenced by the application of manganese and zinc. The physiologic quality of seeds was influenced by manganese fertilization, when estimated by the test of electrical conductivity. Zinc did not affect the physiologic quality of bean seeds.

  13. USULAN PERBAIKAN PROSES BISNIS DENGAN KONSEP BUSINESS PROCESS REENGINEERING (STUDI KASUS : PERMATA GUEST HOUSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhaswara Adhitya Wardhana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Permata Guest House Semarang merupakan usaha bisnis yang bergerak di bidang jasa penginapan. Perkembangan skala bisnis Permata Guest House yang pesat tidak disertai dengan penataan dan pengelolaan proses bisnis (Business Process yang memadai, mengakibatkan banyak kemunculan keluhan dari stakeholder, yaitu dari pelanggan (customer, dan kalangan internal karyawan. Key Performance Indicator (KPI yang digunakan dalam penelitian terhadap Permata Guest House ini adalah KPI yang diturunkan dari Critical Success Factor (CSF. Pengukuran kinerja dilakukan dengan berdasarkan indikator performansi (Performance Indicator yang telah ditentukan pada observasi awal beserta ukuran dan target yang dicapai untuk tiap indikatornya. Dari hasil observasi awal didapatkan selisih indikator moral kerja dan loyalitas sebesar 20%, komplain keramahtamahan sebesar 16,67%, komplain penampilan dan sikap sebesar 16,67%, tingkat okupansi marketing sales sebesar 30%, dan kepuasan layanan sebesar 77,78%. Berdasarkan analisis pengukuran kinerja dan proses bisnis telah didapatkan faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan kinerja proses bisnis belum sesuai target, salah satu penyelesaian untuk dapat memperbaiki kinerja adalah dengan merancang ulang proses bisnis dengan menggunakan metode Business Process Reengineering (BPR. Dari hasil BPR perlu dilakukan peninjauan kembali (rethinking, perancangan ulang (redesign, dan evaluasi (retool terhadap model kinerja bisnis. Hasil dari rekayasa ulang proses bisnis berupa pembakuan usulan proses bisnis, penyusunan visi misi perusahaan, perancangan struktur organisasi dan job description, serta penyusunan Standart Operating Procedure Kata Kunci  : critical success factor, key performance indicator, business process reengineering   Abstract Permata Guest House Semarang is a business engaged in the lodging services. The development of business scale rapid Permata Guest House is not accompanied by the administration and management of business processes are

  14. Estudo comparativo entre duas técnicas de tonsilectomia: bisturi harmônico (Ultracision e dissecção tradicional com bisturi de lâmina fria Comparative study between two tonsillectomy techniques: Ultracision harmonic scalpel and traditional dissection with cold scalpel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando A. Ramos

    2004-06-01

    tonsillectomies with good outcomes. AIM: To compair the time of the procedure, bleeding and the need of trans operative hemostasis, post operative pain, healing aspect of the tonsilar fossa and complications in patients submitted to tonsillectomy with cold and ultrassonic scalpel. STUDY DESIGN: Transversal cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty six patients underwent tonsillectomy: 13 using the traditional thecnique with cold instruments and 13 using the ultrassonic one. They were evaluated with a standart protocol. The post operative pain were graduated through the horizontal visual scale analogue. RESULTS: Surgical time were shorter with the ultrassonic thecnique compared to the traditional cold instruments. The amount of stitch at tonsilar fossa was lesser than the traditional thecnique. There were no post operative statistical difference in pain and in the aspect of the tonsilar fossa. CONCLUSION: The ultrassonic scalpel is an excellent choice in surgeries where surgical time and transoperatory bleeding are important.

  15. Türkçe Öğrenimi İçin Web Tabanlı Zeki Öğretim Sistemi (Türkzös Ve Değerlendirmesi Web Based Intelligent Tutoring System For Turkish Learning (Türkzös And Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nursal ARICI

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available E-learning is a learning model which is the product ofdevelopments in information technologies. This model providesadvantages in order to enriche the learning contents with audio-visualitems and to deliver this contents to the people at any time and anyplace on time. In language trainning, particularly in English, the elearningmodels are mostly used. This model is crucial in languagelearning and teaching area. With this awareness of the e-learningsystem in language learning and teaching area, a special e-learningsystem has been developed for the Turkish Language teaching namedas TÜRKZÖS. In this article, the contributions of the develepod elearningsystem has been introduced and explained with the opinions ofthe Turkish teachers and teacher candidates about the system. Thepurpose of the developing the TÜRKZÖS is to give assistance for theTurkish language learners and teachers by providing opportunities ofinformation technologies. The system has been designed to servethrough the Internet and it provides the opportunity to use enrichedelements such as web, speech synthesis-recognition systems,animation, image and shape. The system supported by enrichedelements is aimed to improve the basic skills such as reading,speaking, writing and listening in Turkish training. An another featureof TÜRKZÖS, is an intelligent tutoring system developed by usingartificial intelligence tecniques.The features which makes the systemintelligent are the followings: (i.It can introduce the loaded domaincontent adaptable to the student’s knowledge level and personalcapability, (ii. It can lead and give intelligent assistance and suitableguidance to the student.TÜRKZÖS consists of eight compenents. Threeof them are the standart compenents in Intelligent Tutoring Systems.The other compenents are the speech synthesis and the speechrecognition which give the opportunity to arrange the activities toimprove the reading and speaking skills and can be exercised by

  16. Türkiye’de Orta ve Büyük Ölçekli Mantar İşletmelerinin Değerlendirilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Eren

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Ülkemizde 40 yıllık bir geçmişe sahip olan kültür mantarı yetiştiriciliğinde ticari üretime 1980’li yıllardan sonra başlanmıştır. Son 10 yıla kadar ülkemizde toplam mantar üretim miktarının büyük bir çoğunluğu küçük aile işletmelerinden elde edilmekteyken, 2000’li yılların başından itibaren üretim miktarı ve gelişim hızı yeterli olmamakla birlikte yetiştiricilik hızlı bir yükselişe geçmiştir. Bu süre içerisinde ülkemizin farklı bölgelerinde orta (500-2000 m2 ve büyük ölçekli (>2000 m2 birçok mantar üretim tesisi kurulmuş ve ülkemiz dünya kültür mantarı üretiminde önemli bir yere sahip olmuştur. Yürütülen bu çalışmada, ülkemizde kültür mantarı yetiştiriciliğinin yoğun olarak yapıldığı 6 bölgemizde, günlük üretim kapasitesi 1 ton ve üzeri olan toplam 10 orta ve büyük ölçekli mantar işletmesinin genel üretim sistemlerinin ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla 2015 yılında tüm firmalar ziyaret edilerek, firma yetkilileri ile doğrudan görüşülmüş; firma, üretim tesisi, kompost ve örtü toprağı, üretim sistemleri, hastalık ve zararlı, paketleme, kalite-yönetim sistemleri hakkında 65 sorudan oluşan bir anket yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar bu tür firmaların çoğunun 15 yıllık bir geçmişe sahip olduğunu, arazi büyüklüklerinin 10-50 bin m2, mantar üretim alanlarının 5-10 bin m2 arasında değiştiğini, üretimde teknolojiyi ve işletmelerinde otomasyonu kullandıklarını, kalite yönetim sistemlerine (ITU, ISO 22000 vs sahip olduklarını, işletmelerinde genellikle mantarcılık konusunda deneyimli tekniker ve ziraat mühendisi bulundurduklarını, %40’ının danışmandan yararlandığını, üretimde kendi üretimi veya dışarıdan misel ekilmiş hazır standart kompost kullandıklarını, örtü materyali olarak yerli torf kullandıklarını, üretilen mantarları markaları ile paketlediklerini ve

  17. Dois critérios de seleção na pré-desmama em bovinos da raça Gir. 1. Estimativas de parâmetros genéticos Two pre-weaning selection criteria in Gyr cattle. 1. Genetic parameter estimates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Amália de Souza Dantas Muniz

    2005-06-01

    for preweaning average daily gain (ADG and number of days to gain 160 kg (D160 in Gyr cattle. The (covariance components and heritabilities were estimated by the restricted maximum likelihood derivative free method. Two models were used: the first one considered contemporary group (CG as fixed effect and additive direct and maternal genetic effects, maternal permanent environment and error as random effect. Model 2 considered the same effects of 1 but the covariance between the genetic direct and maternal effects was assumed to be zero. Estimated heritability values using model 1 were 0.11; 0.04; 0.11 and 0.07 for ADG (direct effect, ADG (maternal effect, D160 (direct effect, and D160 (maternal effect, respectivelly, and 0.12, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.05 considering Model 2 for ADG (direct effect, ADG (maternal effect, D160 (direct effect, and D160 (maternal effect, respectivelly. The likelihood ratio test was used to compare these models and were not significant. The proportional residual variances were 76 and 80% for ADG and D160, respectively for both models. The hight values determined for the residual variance indicate the need to improve the breeding environment, such as standartization of manegement groups in order to get definition of contemporary group.

  18. Değerleri Kazandırmasındaki Etkililik Açısından Resmi Ve Örtük Program İle Okul Dışı Etmenlerin Öğrenci Görüşleri Doğrultusunda Değerlendirilmesi Evaluation Of Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum And Out-Of-School Sources In Terms Of Their Efficacy For Gaining Values Based On Student Views

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etem YEŞİLYURT

    2012-12-01

    üzeyinde öğrenim gören öğrenciler oluşturmaktadır. “Benzeşik örnekleme yöntemi” kullanılarak belirlenen araştırmanın örneklemini, altı ilköğretim okulunda öğrenim gören 526 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın verileri Fer ve Kuş (2009 tarafından geliştirilen „İlköğretim Programlarında Yer Alan Değerleri Kazanma Yolları Anketi‟ ile toplanmıştır. Verilerin çözümlenmesinde frekans, yüzde, aritmetik ortalama ve standart sapma teknikleri kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulardan hareketle şu genel sonuçlara ulaşılmıştır. Kişisel ve evrensel değerler ile milli değerlerin öğrencilere kazandırılmasında resmi ve örtük program ile okul dışı etmenlerin üçünün de çok etkili olduğu tespit edilmiştir. İstatistiksel açıdan aralarında fazla bir fark olmamasına rağmen, değerlerin kazandırılmasında birinci derecede okul dışı etmenlerin, ikinci derecede resmi programın, üçüncü derecede ise örtük programın daha etkili olduğu sonucu ortaya çıkmıştır. Değerlerin kazandırılması yollarında da benzer bir sonuca varılmıştır. Elde edilen başka bir sonuç ise, resmi ve örtük program ile okul dışı etmenlerin milli değerlerin öğrencilere kazandırılmasında daha yüksek düzeyde etkili olduğudur. Ayrıca ulaşılan sonuçlar doğrultusunda çeşitli öneriler geliştirilmiştir.

  19. PENGARUH PRESEDEN ARSITEKTUR DUNIA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK BENTUK FASADE BANGUNAN DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruly Pujantara

    2015-07-01

    , Philipus. (2010. Teori Arsitektur III, Buku Ajar, Kupang, Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira Lync, Kevin. (1977. Site Planning, American Institute of Architect Poernomo, S. (1992, Paradoks Arsitektur Dekonstruksi, Jakarta, Majalah Konstruksi Edisi April Siregar, Fritz O.P. (2011. Penilaian Terhadap Arsitektur, Jurnal Media Matrasain Vol.8-No.1, Manado, Fakultas Teknik Arsitektur Universitas Sam Ratulangi. Steiner, Frederik. (2007. Planning and Urban design Standarts, American Planning Association. Sutanto, Agustinus. (2001. Gagasan Koneksi Ruang, Kamasutra, Seminar Nasional Arsitektur, Depok, Universitas Indonesia. Tjahyono, G. (1998. Indonesian Heritage: Architecture, Singapore Archipelago Press White, Edward.T. (1973. Ordering System: an introduction to architectural design, Tucson Arizona, University of Arizona. http//www.Arcspace.com http//www.Architecture Digest.com http//www.Enric Miralles.com http//www.Eric Owen Moss.com http//www.Frank Gehry.com http//www.Geocities.com/sta5_ar530/tugas_kelompok/kelompok6/BABV.html http//www.Morphosis.com http//www.Tom Mayne.com http//www.Thomas Meyer Archive.de http//www.Zaha Hadid Architec.com

  20. THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canol KANDEMİR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available TÜRKİYE’DE DÜZENLEYİCİ KURULUŞLAR AÇISINDAN MUHASEBE HİLELERİNİN ÖNLENMESİ VE ORTAYA ÇIKARILMASI SORUMLULUĞU: HUKUKÎ DURUM VE FİİLÎ UYGULAMAÖzet: Düzenleyici kuruluşların yaklaşımı ve uygulamaları muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunun kapsamının açıklığa kavuşturulmasına yardımcı olabilmektedir. Bu kuruluşların kamunun büyük bir çoğunluğunu adîl ve yansız bir şekilde temsil edeceği varsayılmaktadır. Ayrıca aldıkları kararlar ve karar alma mantıkları hem araştırmacılara, hem de finansal bilgi kullanıcılarına olası hile şüphelileri, bu kuruluşların sorumlulardan özellikle önlemesi ve ortaya çıkarmasını istedikleri hile yöntemleri, hilelerin cezaî yönleri, hilelerin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılmasında temel sorumluluklar ve denetim beklenti boşluğu konularında önemli ipuçları verebilmektedir. Yine bunlar ilgili standart, yasa ve diğer düzenlemelerin oluşturulması ve uygulanmasında önemli etki sahibi olmaktadır. Bu nedenle, bağımsız denetimle ilgili faktörleri de kapsayan bir dizi değişken ile muhasebe hileleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olup olmadığını sınayan bir çalışma yapılmış ve sonuç olarak Türkiye’deki düzenleyici kuruluşun muhasebe hilelerinin önlenmesi ve ortaya çıkarılması sorumluluğunu aynı tarafa, müşteri işletme ve yönetimine yüklediği bulunmuştur. Araştırmanın bulguları Türkiye’de bir denetim-beklenti boşluğu olmadığına da işaret etmektedir.THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREVENTING AND DETECTING ACCOUNTING FRAUDS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SELF-REGULATORY AGENCIES IN TURKEY: DE JURE STATUS AND DE FACTO APPLICATIONAbstract: Self-regulatory agencies’ way of understanding and practices can help clarify the scope of the responsibility for preventing and detecting frauds. They are assumed to represent a vast majority of the public in an unbiased and

  1. Análise comparativa entre avaliação postural visual e por fotogrametria computadorizada Comparative analysis between visual and computerized photogrammetry postural assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DH Iunes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Comparar a concordância interobservador da avaliação postural visual e por fotogrametria e verificar se os resultados quantitativos da fotogrametria correspondem à detecção de simetrias e assimetrias pela avaliação postural visual qualitativa. MÉTODOS: Vinte e um voluntários (24±1,9 anos foram inicialmente avaliados visualmente por três fisioterapeutas experientes que preencheram um protocolo de avaliação postural. Em seguida tiveram fotografados a face e o corpo todo nos planos frontal anterior, posterior e sagital. As fotos foram utilizadas para traçar ângulos a partir de marcadores fixados à pele, em vários pontos anatômicos, que são referências frequentes na avaliação postural tradicional. Essas fotografias foram analisadas por três examinadores diferentes da avaliação postural visual. A concordância de cada método de avaliação postural foi avaliada pelos Coeficientes de Cramer V ou de PHI, considerando-se um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada uma concordância entre os examinadores que utilizaram a fotogrametria para todos os segmentos avaliados. Não apresentaram concordância os segmentos comissura labial (p=0,00, acrômio clavicular (p=0,01, esternoclavicular (p=0,00, espinhas ilíacas anterior e posterior (p=0,00 e p=0,01 e ângulo inferior da escápula (p=0,00, que foram analizados por meio da avaliação postural visual. A comparação entre a fotogrametria e a avaliação postural visual demonstrou que o grau de concordância entre os dois métodos de avaliação foi pouco significativo para alguns segmentos do membro inferior e pelve. CONCLUSÕES: Nessas condições experimentais, os dados da fotogrametria não podem ser correlacionados com os dados da avaliação postural visual. A avaliação postural visual apresentou dados menos concordantes do que a fotogrametria, devendo ser questionada sua utilização como gold-standart.OBJECTIVES: To compare the interobserver

  2. Genetiği değiştirilmiş organizmalar: Sağlığa zararlarını kanıtlamak neden zor? Sorunlar ve riskin ipuçları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Işıl Ergin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Genetiği değiştirilmiş gıdalar modern biyoteknolojinin gıda üretimine uygulanan şeklidir. Gittikçe yaygınlaşan kullanım alanı, bu gıdaları toplum sağlığı açısından dikkat çekici bir noktaya taşımıştır. GDO (Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Organizma’ların sağlık etkileri konusunda güvenilir olduğuna dair görüş bildirenlerin yanı sıra, insan sağlığını tehdit ettiği görüşünü dile getiren araştırmacılar da vardır. GDO ların sağlığa zararlı olup olmadığına dair saptamaları yapmak ise beslenme epidemiyolojisi alanının zorlukları, risk değerlendirme sürecindeki sorunlar, hayvan deneylerindeki sınırlılıklar ve bilginin tarafsızlığına dair kuşkular nedeniyle zorlaşmaktadır. Tüm bu bilimsel açmazlara rağmen alerjik ve toksik etkilere dair ipuçlarının artması, antibiotik direnci olasılığının bilimsel kurumlarda yarattığı endişe, besin değerlerindeki değişmenin ve gen transferi olasılığının yayınlarda yer alması; görünür hale gelen sağlık etkilerini göstermektedir. Karşılaştırılabilirliği mümkün kılacak standart tasarıma ve ileri analiz yöntemlerine ihtiyaç vardır. Uzun erimdeki etkilerini ortaya koyacak ve iyi planlanmış kohort araştırmalarının gerekliliği mutlaktır. Zararsız olduklarını bilimsel bir özgüvenle söylemek için ise erkendir. Risklerin henüz net olarak ortaya konamaması, olmadığı anlamına gelmemektedir. Risklerin neler olduğunu kesin olarak ortaya koyacak araçlarımız henüz yeterli değildir. Sürece ihtiyat ilkesi doğrultusunda yaklaşmak gerekmektedir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Genetiği değiştirilmiş gıdalar, beslenme epidemiyolojisi, riskGenetically modified organisms: Why is it difficult to prove health hazards? Problems and clues about riskGenetically modified foods are in the area where biotechnology is applied to foods. Their common use has driven them to a substantially important position in

  3. Sağlıkta eşitsizliklerle ilgili temel kavramlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Şimşek

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Özet Sağlıkta eşitsizlik, sağlığa etki eden sosyal etmenlerin ve/veya sağlık sistemindeki yetersizliklerin etkisiyle bireylerin ve/veya toplumun sağlığında önlenebilir ve kabul edilemez bozulmaların oluşmasıdır. Neoliberalizmin yaygınlaşmasından sonra günümüzün başlıca konuları arasındadır. Sağlıkta eşitsizliğin iki bileşeni vardır: sağlığın sosyal belirleyicilerindeki eşitsizlik ve sağlık hizmetlerindeki eşitsizlik. Sağlıkta eşitsizlik çalışmalarında standart bir değerlendirme yöntemi yoktur, pek çok bağımlı ve bağımsız değişken kullanılmaktadır. Çalışmalarda kullanılan başlıca bağımlı değişkenler sağlık durumuna (mortalite, morbidite, engellilik, sağlığı etkileyen risk etmenlerine, sağlık algısına, sağlık hizmetlerinin erişilebilirliğine ve kullanımına ilişkindir. Bağımsız değişken olarak temelde öğrenim, gelir, meslek, sosyal sınıf değişkenleri kullanılmaktadır. Konut özellikleri, sosyal güvence durumu, etnik yapı, yaşamı kolaylaştırıcı araçlar/dayanıklı tüketim mallarına sahip olma, bazı bireysel ve bölgesel eşitsizlik indeksleri de bağımsız değişken olabilmektedir. Sağlıkta eşitsizliklerin yalnızca sağlık hizmeti sunumu ile giderilmesi olası değildir. Sağlıkta eşitsizlikleri azaltmanın yolu sınıfsal farklılıkları azaltmak, sağlık hizmetlerini daha ulaşılabilir ve kapsayıcı hale getirmek olmakla birlikte temel çözüm sınıflı toplum yapısının ortadan kaldırılmasıdır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Sağlık, eşitsizlik, sosyoekonomik durum, yoksulluk Basic concepts related to health inequalities Abstract Health inequalities can be defined as the avoidable and unacceptable disruptions in the health of individuals or communities caused by social factors and/or deficiencies in the organization of the health system. It is among the main political/social topics today after the spread of neoliberalism

  4. Öğretim Elemanlarının Kişilik Özellikleri ile Örgütsel Bağlılık Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişki The Relationship Between Instructors' Personality Traits And Organizational Commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ergün RECEPOĞLU

    2013-07-01

    Alkan (2007 tarafından Türkçeye uyarlaması yapılan Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri ve Meyer ve Allen (1991 tarafından geliştirilen ve Wasti (2000 tarafından Türkçeye uyarlaması yapılan Örgütsel Bağlılık Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde SPPS 13 programı kullanılmıştır. Öğretim elemanlarının kişilik özelliklerini ve örgütsel bağlılık düzeylerini belirlemek amacıyla aritmetik ortalama ve standart sapma değerleri hesaplanmıştır. Ayrıca, değişkenler arasındaki ilişkilerin hesaplanmasında Pearson momentler çarpım korelasyon katsayısı (r ve bağımsız değişkenlerin bağımlı değişkenleri yordama düzeylerini belirlemek amacıyla çoklu doğrusal regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Regresyon analizinin yorumlanmasında standartlaştırılmış Beta (β katsayısı ve bunun anlamlılığına ilişkin t-testi sonuçları dikkate alınmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları, öğretim elemanlarının kişilik özelliklerinde en yüksek ortalamanın uyumluluk, en düşük ortalamanın ise nevrotizm boyutunda oluştuğunu göstermektedir. Bununla birlikte araştırma sonuçları, öğretim elemanlarının kişilik özellikleri ile örgütsel bağlılık düzeyleri arasında anlamlı ilişkilerin olduğunu göstermiştir. Kişilik özelliklerinin deneyime açıklık boyutu örgütsel bağlılığın alt boyutlarıyla ilişkili bulunmamıştır. Ayrıca, duygusal ve normatif bağlılığın tek anlamlı yordayıcısının öz-disiplin boyutu olduğu ortaya konmuştur. Araştırma sonuçları alanyazınla ilişkilendirilerek tartışılmıştır.

  5. Sınıf Öğretmeni Adaylarının İlkokuma ve Yazma Öğretimi Dersine İlişkin Tutumlarının Değerlendirilmesi An Assessment Of Prospective Classroom Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Teaching Primary Reading And Writing Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Nuri GÖMLEKSİZ

    2013-03-01

    positiveattitudes toward Teaching Primary Reading and Writing course and toconduct the course effectively. İlkokuma ve yazma öğretimi ile bireylerin okumanın temelbecerilerini kazanmaları hedeflenmektedir. Bu beceriler anlama,düşünme ve karar verme gibi zihinsel beceriler olarak ifade edilebilir.Öğrencilere bu becerileri etkin biçimde kazandırmada sınıföğretmeninin sorumluluğu büyüktür. Gelecekte ilkokuma ve yazmaöğretimi yapacak olan sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının bu alanda yetkinbiçimde yetiştirilmeleri etkili ilkokuma ve yazma öğretimini sağlamadaönemli bir rol oynayacaktır. Bu bağlamda sınıf öğretmeni adaylarınınilkokuma ve yazma öğretimine ilişkin olumlu tutum taşımaları gelecektebu alanda daha başarılı olmalarını sağlayacaktır. Bu araştırmanınamacı, Sınıf Öğretmeni adaylarının İlkokuma ve Yazma Öğretimi dersineilişkin tutumlarını belirlemektir. Araştırma ile öğretmen adaylarınınİlkokuma ve Yazma Öğretimi dersine ilişkin tutumlarının cinsiyetlerineve öğrenim gördükleri üniversiteye göre değişip değişmediği ortayakonmuştur. Bu araştırmanın çalışma grubunu yedi farklı üniversiteninSınıf Öğretmenliği programı 3. sınıflarında öğrenim gören öğretmenadayları oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın verileri Arslan ve Aytaç (2010tarafından geliştirilen İlkokuma ve Yazma Öğretimi dersine yöneliktutum ölçeği ile toplanmıştır. Beşli Likert tipindeki ölçek 19 maddedenoluşmaktadır. Verilerin analizinde aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma,bağımsız örneklem t testi, varyans analizi, Kruskal-Wallis H, Scheffe veMann Whitney U testleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda cinsiyetdeğişkeni açısından isteklilik ve gereklilik alt boyutlarında kadınöğretmen adayları lehine farklılık belirlenirken, ilgi alt boyutundaöğretmen adaylarının tutumları farklılaşmamıştır. Üniversite değişkeniaçısından ise isteklilik, ilgi ve gereklilik alt

  6. The Effects of the Sleep Quality of 112 Emergency Health Workers in Kayseri, Turkey on Their Professional Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesile SENOL

    2014-12-01

    fatigue, loss of attention-concentration, and low levels of motivation, performance and efficiency. ÖZET: Amaç: Uyku yeterliliği başarılı iş yaşamının temel belirleyicilerindendir. Bu çalışmanın amacı acil sağlık çalışanlarında uyku kalitesini belirlemek, mesleki ve sosyal yaşam üzerine etkisini araştırmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Araştırma 2011 yılında Kayseri ilinde aktif hizmet veren 112 Acil Yardım İstasyonunda görev yapan gönüllü 121 Acil Sağlık Çalışanı üzerinde yürütüldü. Araştırmada, Sosyo-demografik Veri Formu ve Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi Ölçeği (PSQI kullanıldı. Veriler SPSS 18.00 versiyonu ile değerlendirildi, istatiksel analizde yüzde ve frekans dağılımları, ortalama±standart sapma, ki kare testi, korelasyon ve lojistik regresyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi puan ortalaması 4.14±3.09 olan grubun %28.9'unun uyku kalitesi kötü idi. Kötü uyku kalitesinin %11'inden (p=0.009, %95 GA: 0.111–0.726 bekar olmak, %7'sinden (p=0.003, %95 GA: 0.065–0.564 ise kadın olmak sorumlu idi. Uyku kalitesi puanları ile mesleki ve sosyal yaşam etkinliklerinin olumsuz etkilenimi pozitif korelasyon gösterdi, uyku kalitesi kötü olan acil sağlık çalışanlarında, genellikle dikkat ve konsantrasyon kaybı (%40.0, p=0.016, acil müdahalelerde başarısızlık (%57.9, p=0.001, motivasyon (%46.2, p=0.004, performans (%41.4, p=0.024 ve iş verimi (%48.1, p=0.008 düşüklüğü yaşayanların oranı anlamlı düzeyde daha yüksekti. Düşük uyku kalitesi çalışanların günlük yaşam düzenini (%51.6, p=0.004 genellikle olumsuz etkiledi, sosyal yaşam sınırlılıkları (%45.7, p=0.034 ve iletişim güçlüğüne (%34.7, p=0.229 neden oldu. Sonuç: Acil sağlık çalışanlarının üçte birinin uyku kalitesi kötü olup, grup düşük düzeyde uyku yeterliliği sorunu yaşamaktadır. Kadın ve bekar olmak uyku kalitesini düşüren en önemli faktörlerdir. Kötü uyku kalitesi

  7. The Determination of Uranium in Urine by Delayed Neutron Counting; Dosage de l'Uranium dans l'Urine par Comptage des Neutrons Differes; Opredelenie soderzhaniya urana v moche putem scheta zapazdyvayushchikh nejtronov; Determinacion del Uranio Contenido en la Orina por Recuento de Neutrones Retardados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brookes, I. R. [Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, Aldermaston, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1965-10-15

    avtomaticheski vozvrashhaetsja v laboratoriju, gde butylku s obrazcom pomeshhajut k schetchiku nejtronov. Schetchik vkljuchajut cherez 25 sek posle togo, kak obrazec izvlechen iz reaktora i izmerjajut aktivnost' obrazca v techenie odnoj minuty. Kontrol'nye obrazcy sostojat iz mochi lic, ne podvergavshihsja professional'nomu oblucheniju uranom, a kalibrovochnyj standart sostoit iz izvestnogo kolichestva urana-235 (v vide prirodnogo urana). Predel obnaruzhenija sostavljaet 0,020 pikokjuri urana 93%-go obogashhenija (0,007 maksimal'no dopustimogo soderzhanija v organizme) i 0,036 mkg prirodnogo urana na 100 ml mochi. On opredeljaetsja velichinoj scheta izluchenija ot kontrol'nogo obrazca. Osnovnym komponentom dlja kontrol'nogo obrazca javljaetsja reakcija schetchika na gamma-izluchenie produktov aktivacii v obluchennoj moche. Schet i obluchenie odnogo obrazca zanimajut okolo 3,5 minut, i 50 obrazcov odnovremenno mozhno vyparit' i upakovat' v butylki v techenie rabochego dnja. Vlijaniem plutonija-239 pri analize mochi mozhno, po-vidimomu, prenebrech'. (author)

  8. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Akif İnanıcı

    1997-12-01

    ALARININ ELEMENTAL BİLEŞİMİNİN ÖLÇÜLEREK ADLİ DELİL OLARAK KULLANIMI. The interpretation of elemental composition measurements from forensic glass evidence : I JM curran, CM Triggs, JR Almirall, JS Buckleton, Kaj Walsh. Science and Justice 1997: 37/4: 241 - 4. Bir insan cam kırdığında, cam parçalarının elbiselerinin üzerinde tesbit edilebileceği bilinmektedir. Bu parçalar suçu işleyen kişinin saptanmasında delil olarak kullanılabilir. Camın elementer bileşiminin tespitine dayanan yeni çalışmalar bu verilerin değerlendirilmesi için oluşturulacak bir çerçeveye ihtiyaç göstermektedirler. Geleneksel çalışmalarda ise her element için ortalama konsantrasyon ve standart deviasyonun bilinmesi ve ortalamaların “3 sigma” kuralı ile karşılaştırılması, ayrıca her element için “strict range overlap” ile uygun kriterlerin kıyaslanması esası ele alınmaktadır. Bu çalışma yeni bir istatistik testin 3 sigma kuralına göre olan avantajlarını göstermektedir. KAN VE İDRARDAN BENZOLÜN SOLİD FAZDA AYRIŞTIRILMASI Solid-phase extraction of benzhexol from blood and urine. KA Hadid. Science and Justice 1997; 37/4 : 265-8. Standart olarak papaverin ve HCX solid-faz kullanımı ile kan ve idrarda benzolün ayrıştırılması kolay ve güvenilir bir yöntem olarak sunulmaktadır. Maddenin belirlenmesi ve ölçümü non-polar gaz kro- motografisinde ve NPD arayıcısı ile yapılmaktadır. İntra-assay %5,5’lik ve inter-assay % 8.0’lık bir değişimde başarı % 90’nın üstündedir. Bu yöntem gerçek kan ve idrar örneklerinde benzol’ün konsantrasyonunu ölçmek için başarıyla kullanılmıştır. Kanda ve idrarda tespit edilebilen limitler 1.0 ng/ml ve 0.5 ng/ml sınırlarındadır. Bu yöntem adli ve klinik analizlerde kullanım için çok uygundur. ÇOCUK İSTİSMARI MUAYENESİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI Child abuse examination enquiry R.A.A.R. Lawrence J. Clinical Forensic Medicine 1997 ; 4/2 : 73-6. İngiltere'de polis ara

  9. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    1998-08-01

    ı kaza olarak değerlendirilememiştir. Her ne kadar oto- eıotik asfiksi sırasında meydana gelen ölümlerin büyük çoğunluğu kaza ise de, başlangıçta tipik görünen olgularda bile intihar olasılığı göz önünde bulun- durulmalıdır. DOĞAL NEDENLERE BAĞLI OLMAYAN ÖLÜMLERİN TANIMLANMASINDA GECİKMELER. Delays in the identification of non-natural mortality. Lever LB, Kugel C Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1998 Dec;19(4:347-51 Doğal olmayan nedenlere bağlı ölümlerde hızlı ve doğru kimliklendirme iyi bir adli hizmetin önemli bir bileşenidir. Cape Town’daki doğal olmayan nedenlere bağlı ölümlerdeki kimliklendirme süresi ve gecikmelerin sayısal dökümü amacıyla 1980 ve 1995 yılları arasındaki kimliklendirme oranı ve 1995 yılındaki ölüm nedenleri ve şekline göre kimliklendirme zamanı ile ilgili ıetıospektif bir değerlendirme ve tanımlayıcı bir çalışma yaptık. 1980 ve 1995 yılları arasında kimliklendirilemeyen yıllık ortalama olgu sayısı 137(aralık 75-280, yani tüm olguların %3’ü idi. Bu süre içinde kimliklendirilemeyen olguların oranında belirgin bir değişiklik yoktu. İntiharlar ve cinayetler en hızlı kimliklendirilen olgulardı. İntiharların %84’ii ve cinayetlerin %75’i 3 gün içinde kimliklendirilmişti. 1995 yılında kimliklendirilemeyen kaza olgularının %72’si yaya ve demiryolu kazalarına bağlı oluşmuştu. Zorlamalı ve kastı aşan müessir fiile bağlı ölümlerin değişik tiplerinde, kimliklendirilmelerinde meydana gelen gecikmeler, yoksulluğun sosyal yansıması olup ölenin yakınlarına gereksiz bir zorluk olarak ortaya çıkmaktadır. Adli patologlar bu tip gecikmeleri önlemek için hem bilimsel hem de bürokratik çözümler geliştirmelidir. ÇİN’DE ADLİ TIP Forensic Medicine in China. Peng Z, Pounder DJ Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1998 Dec;19(4:368-71 Çin’in ilk standart metnin basıldığı 1247’den başlayarak oldukça uzun bir adli tıp tarihi olmakla

  10. Theoretical and Experimental Aspects of Quenching Variables from Biomedical Samples in Liquid Scintillator Systems; Aspects Theoriques et Experimentaux des Parametres d'Extinction Etudies sur des Echantillons Biomedicaux dans des Systemes a Scintillateur Liquide; Teoreticheskie i ehksperimental'nye aspekty peremennykh gasheniya iz biomeditsinskikh prob v zhidkikh stsintillyatsionnykh sistemakh; Estudio Teorico y Experimental de las Variables de Extincion en el Recuento de Sustancias Biological por Centelleo Liquido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ross, H. H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1965-10-15

    sostoit iz nebol'shoj ampuly, soderzhashhej negashenuju scintilljacionnuju zhidkost' s dobavkoj zhelatel'nogo radioizotopa. Fotony, izluchaemye jetim standartom, obladajut takoj zhe intensivnost'ju fluorescencii i imejut takoe zhe spektral'noe raspredelenie, kak fotony, poluchaemye v samoj probe. Posle izgotovlenija izolirovannyj vnutrennij standart pogruzhajut v chistyj zhidkij scintilljacionnyj rastvor i podvergajut schetu. Vtoroj schet proizvodjat so standartom, pogruzhennym v probu, kotoraja projavljaet obescvechivanie. Otnoshenie odnogo scheta k drugomu javljaetsja meroj gashenija okraski v probe i ne zavisit ot veshhestv, vyzyvajushhih gashenie fluorescencii. Blagodarja prostote i praktichnosti jetot metod goditsja dlja povsednevnyh issledovanij. Oba metoda vnesenija popravok ispol'zovali dlja opredelenija gasjashhego vozdejstvija v sistemah razlichnyh prob. Shiroko izuchali osobo izgotovlennye rastvory krasok i proby mochi, krovi i tkani pecheni. Rezul'taty ukazyvajut na velikolepnoe sovpadenie pokazanij oboih metodov. Gasjashhee vozdejstvie bol'shej chasti prob mochi, krovi i pecheni mozhno opredelit' s tochnost'ju do {+-}3%. (author)

  11. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available ASI İLE İNTİHARDA GECİKMİŞ ÖLÜM Delayed death after attempted suicide by hanging Hausmann R, Batz P. Int J Legal Med 1997; 110: 164-6. Ası olgularında genellikle ölüm, strangülasyonun boyun bölgelerine uygulandığı basınç ile respiratuar obstrüksiyon ve iskemik serebral hasarlanmaya bağlı derhal oluşmaktadır. Ası yolu ile intihar girişiminde bulunan ve muayenesinde bilinci açık olup, hiçbir bozukluk göstermeyen 4 gün yaşadıktan sonra ortaya çıkan bir gecikmiş ölüm olgusu sunulmaktadır. Bu olguda ölüm nedeninin; karotid arterlerin subtotal rüptüründen kaynaklanan travmatik tromboza bağlı serebral infarktüsler olduğu bildirilmektedir. TURİN İTALYA’DA OTOPSİLERDE MİYOKARDİT RASTLANMA SIKLIĞI Prevalance of myocarditis at autopsy in Turin, Italy Passarino G, Bur/o P, Ciccone G, Comma A, et al. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1997; 121: 619-22. Miyokardit rastlanma sıklığının araştırıldığı bu çalışmada, retrospektif olarak 17.162 postmortem kaydı, San Giovanni Battista Hastanesi, Turin’de 1965-1994 yılları arasında rutin olarak uygulanan otopsilerin gözden geçirilmesi ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Dallas kriterinin uygulanması ile histolojik olarak 91 olguda miyokardit bulunduğu (bu %95 doğruluk paylı olarak olguların %0.53’dür, 1985-1994 yılları arasında bu prevalansta artma (bu %95 doğruluk paylı olguların %1.2’sidir. Hastalığın daha sıklıkla 20-39 yaşları arasında ve kadın/erkek ayrımı olmaksızın görüldüğü belirtilmektedir. Yine aynı ekip tarafından 605 otopsilik prospektif olarak, miyokardial örneklerin standart alanlardan alındığı bir çalışmada miyokardit prevalansı %5.1 olarak yaklaşık bu çalışmanın beş katı olarak bulunmuştur. Bu nedenle yazarlar eğer mikroskobik inceleme için standardize edilmiş bir miyokardial örnekleme takip edilmediği takdirde miyokarditin şüphelenilmeyen bir çok olguda gözden kaçabileceğini ileri

  12. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Kır

    2006-04-01

    üfusun yaklaşık %35’ini temsil eden bir bölgeye hizmet veren 9 Adli Tıp Enstitüsü, 3 yıl (1998-2001 boyunca beklenmeyen ancak doğal olmayan sebepler sonucu öldüğü bildirilen 339 vakayı çalıştı. Bütün vakalara standart olarak olay yeri incelemesi, otopsi, histoloji, toksikoloji ve nöropatolojik incelemeler yapıldı. Doğal ol- mayan sebeplere bağlı ölüm vakalarının sıklığı %5 (n = 17 bulundu. Ölüm sebepleri arasında kafa travması (n = 7, boğulma (n = 5, zehirlenme (n=2, ihmal (n=2 ve yabancı cisim aspiras-yonuna bağlı septisemi (n = l görüldü. 2 ölüm vakası kaza sonucu gerçekleşirken, 12 ölüm vakasmm infantisit sonucu olduğu tespit edildi. 3 ölüm vakasmda ise kaza-infantisit ayrımı yapılamadı. 1954-2004 YILLARI ARASINDA LİTERATÜRDE YAYINLANAN OTOEROTİK ASFİKSİ SONUCU ÖLÜMLER J Forensic Sei. 2006;51(1: 140-6 Autoerotic deaths in the literature from 1954 to 2004: A review. Sauvageau A, Racette S. Ası ya da bağ kullanılarak yapılanan otoerotik asfiksiler adli tıp pratiğinde zaman zaman karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Çalışmamız 1954-2004 yılları arasında literatürde yayınlanan otoerotik ölümler araştırmak için yapıldı. Medline veri tabanı kullanarak makaleler araştırıldı. 57 makalede 408 otoerotik asfiksi sonucu ölüm vakasına rastlanıldı. Her bir vakanın cinsiyet, yaş, ırk, asfiksi metodu, ölüm sebebi ve ölü bulunma yeri kaydedildi. Otoerotik asfiksi sonucu ölen vakalarm çoğunun beyaz erkekler olduğu tespit edildi. Vakalarm çoğunda asfiksi; ası, plastik bandaj, kimyasal madde veya bunlarm karışımına bağlı meydana gelmektedir. Vakalarm %10.3’ünde; elektrik akımı (%3.7, aşırı giyinme (%1.5, vücuda yabancı cisim sokma (%2.9 gibi klasik olmayan yöntemlere bağlı otoerotik asfiksi sonucu ölümlerin olduğu görüldü. Klasik olmayan yöntemlere bağlı ölümlerde vakalarm daha fazla incelenmesi gerekmektedir. ÇOCUK İHMALİ YA DA SUİİSTİMALİNE ORAL VEYA

  13. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümit Ünüvar Atılmış

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available ASI VE BAĞLA BOĞMA VAKALARINDA BİYOLOJİK DELİLLERİN TAŞINMASI Transfer of biological traces in cases of hanging and ligature strangulation. Bohnert M, Faller-Marquardt M, Lutz S, Amberg R, Weisser H], Poliak S. Forensic Sei Int. 2001;116(2-3:107-15 Boyun, ya deriye uygulanan bası izi ya da üst epidermal tabakanın kaybına neden olan sıyrıklarla, ası ve bağla boğma olgularında bir işaret taşır. Boğma materyaline boyundaki üst deri tabakası ve giysilerin lifleri yapışabilir. Bunlar bazen çıplak gözle görülebileceği gibi bazen de gümüş parçacıkları ile görülür hale gelir. Bu çalışmada, ası ve bağla boğmaya bağlı, epidermisin bu araçlara yapışma şekilleri 14 vakada gösterilmiştir. Bu biyolojik örneklerin PCR metoduna dayalı karşılaştırmalı DNA tiplendirmesinde yararlı olduğu görülmüştür. 14 vakanın 9'unda genomik DNA tiplendirmesi başarılı olmuştur. Genomik DNA tiplendirilmesinin başarılı olmadığı 2 vakada ise mtDNA analizi başarılı olmuştur. Bu makale salt epider-mik parçaların kullanılmasının yanı sıra, seröz ve yağlı doku sıvılarının da boğma aracından elde edilmesini anlatmaktadır. BEBEKLERDE ÖLÜMCÜL SUBDURAL KANAMA kaza mi - İstismar mi? Lethal subdural bleedings of babies-accident or abuse? Maxeiner H. Med Law. 2001;20(3:463-82. Son yıllarda infantil subdural kanamalar hakkında oldukça farklı görüşler öne sürülmektedir. Buna, çoğunlukla sarsılmış bebek sendromundaki gibi istismarın neden olduğu görüşü tartışmalı olup, kazaların önemli rolüne vurgulamalar yapılmaktadır. Pek çok bildirimde görülenin aksine köprü ven rüptürünün araştırılması enstitümüzde postmortem incelemenin standart bir bileşenidir. Bu sayede çocukta bir mekanik travma hiç bir şüpheye yer bırakmadan ölüm sebebi olarak tanımlanabilir ve çok sayıda köprü ven yırtığı bize önemli derecede bir travmanın varlığını d