WorldWideScience

Sample records for nord barcelona 1993-2002

  1. Características y análisis de la supervivencia de las personas atendidas en el programa de atención domiciliaria del Área Básica de Salud Raval Nord, Barcelona: 1993-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segura Noguera Josep María

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El aumento de la esperanza de vida ha conducido a un progresivo envejecimiento de la población y a una creciente atención sóciosanitaria a domicilio. El objetivo del presente estudio es describir la población de enfermos crónicos domiciliarios atendidos durante los 10 primeros años de atención domiciliaria por un equipo de atención primaria de un Centro de Salud urbano, estudiar la frecuentación y analizar la supervivencia de las personas atendidas en el mismo. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo. Los sujetos de estudio fueron los 1.357 enfermos crónicos incluidos desde el inicio de un programa de atención domiciliaria (mayo 94-diciembre 2002. En primer lugar se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las características principales de esta población. Posteriormente, mediante el método de los riesgos proporcionales de Cox, se valoraron los factores asociados con la supervivencia, y asimismo se elaboraron las correspondientes curvas de probabilidad de supervivencia acumulada utilizando el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: Predominio de población femenina (68%, y una media de edad de 82 años (DE: 11 años. Destacan la falta de ascensores (76%, y la soledad (18%. Presentan dependencia absoluta para todas las actividades de la vida diaria un 11% de los enfermos, mientras que aproximadamente un 20% muestra severas alteraciones cognitivas. En relación con la atención domiciliaria, se superó el objetivo del programa de 2-3 visitas/enfermo/año para el personal médico y de 4-6 para el personal de enfermería. La vacunación antigripal se mantuvo siempre por encima del objetivo del 70%, mientras que la vacunación antitetánica aumentó anualmente. Conclusiones: La población atendida en este programa se caracteriza por ser muy envejecida, con una alta mortalidad y que requiere atención domiciliaria continuada. Durante los 10 años estudiados se han logrado la mayor parte de los objetivos prefijados.

  2. Industrial commodity statistics yearbook 2002. Production statistics (1993-2002)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    This is the thirty-sixth in a series of annual compilations of statistics on world industry designed to meet both the general demand for information of this kind and the special requirements of the United Nations and related international bodies. Beginning with the 1992 edition, the title of the publication was changed to industrial Commodity Statistics Yearbook as the result of a decision made by the United Nations Statistical Commission at its twenty-seventh session to discontinue, effective 1994, publication of the Industrial Statistics Yearbook, volume I, General Industrial Statistics by the Statistics Division of the United Nations. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has become responsible for the collection and dissemination of general industrial statistics while the Statistics Division of the United Nations continues to be responsible for industrial commodity production statistics. The previous title, Industrial Statistics Yearbook, volume II, Commodity Production Statistics, was introduced in the 1982 edition. The first seven editions in this series were published under the title 'The Growth of World industry' and the next eight editions under the title 'Yearbook of Industrial Statistics'. This edition of the Yearbook contains annual quantity data on production of industrial commodities by country, geographical region, economic grouping and for the world. A standard list of about 530 commodities (about 590 statistical series) has been adopted for the publication. The statistics refer to the ten-year period 1993-2002 for about 200 countries and areas

  3. Locally versus Export oriented production. An analysis of foreign capital in Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    The paper introduces a new methodology to evaluate sales and sourcing motives of MNEs affiliates in a dynamic setting. It is tested on a unique data set based on all registered foreign owned companies in Poland, 1993-2002. Our dynamic industry analysis has confirmed earlier static survey and case...

  4. Ownership, Intra-industry trade and factor Intensities: The Case of Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    2004-01-01

    Using a unique database on imports and exports from public, private domestic and foreign-owned companies in Poland 1993-2002, this paper presents an analysis of the relation between intra-industry trade (IIT, measured by the Grubel-Lloyd index) and the ownership structure of Poland. Using a poole...... companies and a small positive growth for foreign-owned companies in science-based industries indicate that advanced technological spill-over effects to the Polish economy are still in their infancy.......Using a unique database on imports and exports from public, private domestic and foreign-owned companies in Poland 1993-2002, this paper presents an analysis of the relation between intra-industry trade (IIT, measured by the Grubel-Lloyd index) and the ownership structure of Poland. Using a pooled...... regression model we find a positive association between the stock of FDI and the level of IIT for foreign-owned companies but no significant spill-over effects from foreign presence to the level and development of IIT for private and public domestic companies. A negative IIT growth for private and public...

  5. Ownership, intra-industry trade and factor intensities: the case of Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    Using a unique database on imports and exports from public, private domestic and foreign-owned companies in Poland 1993-2002, this paper presents an analysis of the relation between intra-industry trade (IIT, measured by the Grubel-Lloyd index) and the ownership structure of Poland. Using a poole...... companies and a small positive growth for foreign-owned companies in science-based industries indicate that advanced technological spill-over effects to the Polish economy are still in their infancy.......Using a unique database on imports and exports from public, private domestic and foreign-owned companies in Poland 1993-2002, this paper presents an analysis of the relation between intra-industry trade (IIT, measured by the Grubel-Lloyd index) and the ownership structure of Poland. Using a pooled...... regression model we find a positive association between the stock of FDI and the level of IIT for foreign-owned companies but no significant spill-over effects from foreign presence to the level and development of IIT for private and public domestic companies. A negative IIT growth for private and public...

  6. Intra-industry Affiliate Trade of Foreign Owned Companies in Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    The concept of intra-industry international exchange of goods and assets has attracted a lot of interests within the last 30 years. Concepts like intra-industry trade, intra-industry foreign direct investments, intra-industry affiliate sale, and intra-industry supply have been used in theoretical...... and empirical research with most emphasis laid on intra-industry trade. What has not been investigated until now is a subgroup within intra-industry trade, namely intra-industry affiliate trade, which is two-way trade from/to foreign owned affiliates in a country. By use of a unique database containing trade...... (exports and imports) and industry variables (wages, employment, foreign capital share, investments, sales, etc.) of foreign owned companies in the Polish manufacturing industry for the years 1993-2002, this paper, investigates for the first time intra-industry affiliate trade (IIAT), including its...

  7. Illinois statewide gas utility plan, 1993-2002. Volume 1. Executive summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-12-01

    The second Illinois Statewide Natural Gas Utility Plan is a continuation of the Least-Cost Planning effort introduced by the Public Utilities Act of 1986. The purpose of the Plan, like its predecessor, is to provide a framework and a set of policies which will allow and encourage local distribution companies to develop least-cost plans consistent with the goals of the Act: to provide efficient, environmentally sound, reliable, and equitable public utility service at the least possible cost. The Plan assesses natural gas demand and supply under five scenarios for the period 1993-2002. Key issues related to the development of least-cost natural gas plans are identified, and policies for addressing the issues are developed. The rationale and potential for natural gas demand side management (DSM) programs and policies are explored, and recommendations made with respect to utility DSM capability-building and DSM cost-recovery

  8. Intra-industry Affiliate Trade of Foreign Owned Companies in Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    2004-01-01

    The concept of intra-industry international exchange of goods and assets has attracted a lot of interests within the last 30 years. Concepts like intra-industry trade, intra-industry foreign direct investments, intra-industry affiliate sale, and intra-industry supply have been used in theoretical...... (exports and imports) and industry variables (wages, employment, foreign capital share, investments, sales, etc.) of foreign owned companies in the Polish manufacturing industry for the years 1993-2002, this paper, investigates for the first time intra-industry affiliate trade (IIAT), including its...... and empirical research with most emphasis laid on intra-industry trade. What has not been investigated until now is a subgroup within intra-industry trade, namely intra-industry affiliate trade which is two-way trade from foreign owned affiliates in a country. By use of a unique database containing trade...

  9. Ionospheric GPS TEC Anomalies and M >= 5.9 Earthquakes in Indonesia during 1993 - 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarmoko Saroso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is one of the most seismically active regions in the world, containing numerous active volcanoes and subject to frequent earthquakes with epicenters distributed along the same regions as volcanoes. In this paper, a case study is carried out to investigate pre-earthquake ionospheric anomalies in total electron content (TEC during the Sulawesi earthquakes of 1993 - 2002, and the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December 2004, the largest earthquake in the world since 1964. It is found that the ionospheric TECs remarkably decrease within 2 - 7 days before the earthquakes, and for the very powerful Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, the anomalies extend up to about 1600 km from the epicenter.

  10. The Export Performance of MNE Affiliates in Polish manufacturing: 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    2006-01-01

    of the foreign affiliates. The results from panel estimations show that the export intensity of the affiliates has increased every year since 1994. The lowest level of export performance was recorded in science-based industries. Import intensity, labour intensity, wage level, scale economies and foreign control......Using a unique database containing trade (export and import) and industry variables (wages, employment, foreign capital share, investments, sales, etc.) of foreign affiliates in the Polish manufacturing industry for the years 1993-2002, this paper analyses the determinants of the export performance...... are significant and positively associated to export performance, while investment activity is negatively related to the export performance of the affiliates. On the assumption that some industry variables are proxies for technology transfer, the results show that the increasing export orientation of foreign...

  11. CT scans in young people in Northern England: trends and patterns 1993-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pearce, Mark S.; Salotti, Jane A.; Metcalf, Wenhua [Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom); McHugh, Kieran [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London (United Kingdom); Kim, Kwang P. [Kyung Hee University, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Gyeongi-Do (Korea, Republic of); Craft, Alan W. [Newcastle University, Northern Institute of Cancer Research, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom); Parker, Louise [Dalhousie University and Cancer Care Nova Scotia, Departments of Medicine and Paediatrics, Population Cancer Research Program, Halifax, NS (Canada); Ron, Elaine [National Cancer Institute, Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2011-07-15

    Although CT can be greatly beneficial, its relatively high radiation doses have caused public health concerns. To assess patterns in CT usage among patients aged less than 22 years in Northern England during the period 1993-2002. Electronic data were obtained from radiology information systems of all nine National Health Service trusts in the region. A total of 38,681 scans had been performed in 20,483 patients aged less than 22 years. The number of CT examinations rose, with the steepest increase between 1997 and 2000. The number of patients scanned per year increased less dramatically, with 2.24/1,000 population aged less than 22 years having one scan or more in 1993 compared to 3.54/1,000 in 2002. This reflects an increase in the median number of scans per patient, which rose from 1 in 1993 to 2 by 1999. More than 70% of CT examinations were of the head, with the number of head examinations varying with time and patient age. The frequency of CT scans in this population more than doubled during the study period. This is partly, but not wholly, explained by an increase in the number of scans per patient. (orig.)

  12. Spatial and temporal distribution of rabies in northern Tanzania in the period of 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swai, E S; Moshy, W E; Kaaya, J E; Mtui, P F

    2010-01-01

    A retrospective study was carried out to investigate the occurrence and distribution patterns of rabies cases in northern Tanzania. Data on laboratory confirmed brain samples and associated case reports submitted to the Arusha Veterinary Investigation Centre, for a period of ten years (1993-2002) was retrieved and reviewed. A total of 98 suspected rabies brain specimens from different animal species and geographical areas were submitted and processed during the period under review. Rabies was confirmed using Fluorescent Antibody Technique test. Of the 98 brain specimens processed, 65 (66.3%) were confirmed to be rabies cases. Canine rabies accounted for 73.8% of the cases and was diagnosed in dogs (43), jackals (4) and hyenas (1). Rabies in wildlife accounted for 5 out of 48 canine confirmed cases. Most of the cases were from Arusha Municipality (20) followed by Arumeru (19), Ngorongoro (9) and Moshi (8) districts. Rabies positive cases in other animal species were in the following order of frequencies: bovine (9 out of 11); feline (5 out of 10); equine (1 out of 2); caprine (2 out of 2). One porcine brain specimen was rabies negative. The high proportion of rabies positive cases confirmed suggests the level of their endemicity in the northern regions of Tanzania. Moreover, the findings highlights the need for sustained surveillance and institution of control measures among dog population and awareness creation particularly among general public and children whom are at high risk of contracting rabies because of their close contact with dogs.

  13. Inorganic ion-exchangers. Their role in chromatographic radionuclide generators for the decade 1993-2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mushtaq, A.

    2004-01-01

    Ion-exchangers are found not only in water purification processes, the original major application, but also in analytical chemistry for the separation and isolation of elements, hydrometallurgy, inorganic chemistry and biochemistry, in food technology, and of course in many specialized fields related to the utilization of atomic energy. The use of organic ion-exchangers is limited by virtue of their limited stability under harsh conditions, whereas inorganic ion-exchangers possess important properties, which make them very useful for chemical separation and purification in intense radiation fields. The availability of short-lived radionuclides from radionuclide generators provides an inexpensive and convenient alternative to in-house radioisotope production facilities such as accelerators and cyclotrons. Due to their simplicity of operation, chromatographic based generators have been the method of choice, although generators based on solvent extraction and on volatilization and sublimation have also been developed, and are routinely used. In this paper use of inorganic ion-exchangers for the development of radionuclide generators for the decade 1993-2002 has been compiled. (author)

  14. META-NORD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vasilejev, Andrejs; Pedersen, Bolette Sandford; De Smeth, Koenraad

    2011-01-01

    This position paper presents META-NORD project which develops Nordic and Baltic part of the European open language resource infrastructure. META-NORD works on assembling, linking across languages, and making widely available the basic language resources used by developers, professionals...

  15. Un témoin de la réception méridionale des traditions d'enseignement du Nord aux XIVe et XVe siècles : Barcelona, Biblioteca de Catalunya, M. 883

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer, Christian

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The collection of music treatises deposited at the Catalonia Library in Barcelona under the shelve-mark M. 883 gathers the main matters of the mediaeval musical education -liturgical chant, « música plana », and polyphony (organum and discantus- with the exception of the mathematical theories of the « música speculativa ». The manuscript under study transmits educational traditions spread over a geographic area located between the Seine and the Rhine : not only does the Parisian milieu is clearly discernible in it, but monastic cultures, those of the Cîteaux Order and of the Preaching Friars in particular, can also be disclosed. The contents of this collection, which may have been realised in the surroundings of the Avignon Papacy (perhaps under the Cistercian Pope Benedict XII, met with a large success in Italy during the 15th century, and show in this respect a peculiar aspect of the cultural lag there in the fields of musical practice and theory from the late 14th to the beginning of the 15th century. By 1474 in Mantua, Franchinus Gafurius drew the essential of his Tractus brevis cantus plani from this collection of treatises.[fr] Le recueil de traités de musique conservé à la Bibliothèque de Catalogne à Barcelone sous la cote M. 883 réunit les principales matières de l'enseignement de la musique -chant liturgique, "música plana" et polyphonie (organum et déchant- à l'exception des théories mathématiques de la "música speculativa". Il représente des traditions d'enseignement répandues dans une aire géographique comprise entre Seine et Rhin : le milieu parisien y occupe une place prépondérante (tradition d'enseignement de Jean de Garlande, Lambertus, mais on y distingue également des cultures monastiques, en particulier celle de l'ordre de Cîteaux et des Frères prêcheurs. Ce recueil, qui pourrait avoir été constitué à la faveur ou dans un milieu proche de la papauté d'Avignon (peut-être sous le pontificat du

  16. Le commerce du Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Pourchasse, Pierrick; Bouëdec, Gérard Le

    2015-01-01

    Au XVIIIe siècle, la France s'approvisionne abondamment dans les pays du Nord : bois, chanvre et goudron de la Baltique, tonnellerie de Poméranie, pêche de rogue de Norvège, graines de lin de Courlande, barres de fer suédois… Sa balance commerciale est pourtant positive grâce aux sels, aux vins et surtout des nouvelles marchandises coloniales. Or, la plupart des transactions passent par l’incontournable intermédiaire hollandais. Les explications sur l’absence des Français dans le Nord sont re...

  17. The Nord interim store

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leushacke, D.F.; Rittscher, D.

    1996-01-01

    In line with the decision taken in 1990 to shut down and decommission the Greifswald and Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Stations, the waste management concept of the Energiewerke Nord is based on direct and complete decommissioning of the six shut down reactor units within the next fifteen years. One key element of this concept is the construction and use of the Zwischenlager Nord (Nord Interim Store, ZLN) for holding the existing nuclear fuels and for interim and decay storage of the radioactive materials arising in decommissioning and demolition. The owner and operator of the store is Energiewerke Nord GmbH. The interim store has the functions of a processing and Energiewerke Nord GmbH. The interim store has the functions of a processing and treatment station and buffer store for the flows of residues arising. As a radioactive waste management station, it accommodates nuclear fuels, radioactive waste or residues which are not treated any further. It is used as a buffer store to allow the materials accumulating in disassembly to be stored temporarily before or after treatment in order to ensure continuous loading of the treatment plants. When operated as a processing station, the ZLN is able to handle nearly all types of radioactive waste and residues arising, except for nuclear fuels. These installations allow the treatment of radioactive residues to be separated from the demolition work both physically and in time. The possibilities of interium storage and buffer storage of untreated waste and waste packages make for high flexibility in logistics and waste management strategy. (orig.) [de

  18. Lower rates of preterm birth in women of Arab ancestry: an epidemiologic paradox--Michigan, 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Reda, Darline K; Grigorescu, Violanda; Posner, Samuel F; Davis-Harrier, Amanda

    2007-11-01

    Preterm birth (PTB), Arab-American communities in the country; however, little is known about PTB in this population. This study examined the maternal demographic profile and risk factors of preterm birth (PTB) among foreign-born and US-born women of Arab ancestry relative to US-born Whites in Michigan. Using Michigan Vital Statistics data, we examined correlates of PTB for primiparous U.S.-born white (n = 205,749), U.S.-born Arab (n=1,697), and foreign-born Arab (n=5,997) women who had had a live-born singleton infant during 1993-2002. We examined variables commonly reported to be associated with PTB, including mother's age and education; insurance type; marital status of parents; receipt of prenatal care; mother's chronic hypertension, diabetes, and tobacco use; and infant sex. Foreign-born Arabs are less educated and more likely to be on Medicaid, and they receive less prenatal care than US-born Whites. Prevalence of PTB was 8.5, 8.0, and 7.5% for US-born Whites, US-born Arabs, and foreign-born Arabs, respectively. Pregnancy-related hypertension was the only predictor of PTB that these three groups had in common: Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR)=2.1 (95% Confidence Interval (CI)=1.99, 2.21), AOR=2.6 (95% CI=1.24, 5.51), and AOR=2.6 (95% CI=1.55, 4.31) for US-born whites, US-born Arabs, and foreign-born Arabs, respectively. Foreign-born Arab women in Michigan have a higher-risk maternal demographic profile than that of their US-born white counterparts; however, their prevalence of PTB is lower, which is consistent with the epidemiologic paradox reported among foreign-born Hispanic women.

  19. The severity of toxic reactions to ephedra: comparisons to other botanical products and national trends from 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolf, Alan D; Watson, William A; Smolinske, Susan; Litovitz, Toby

    2005-01-01

    Ephedra is a botanical product widely used to enhance alertness, as a weight loss aide, and as a decongestant. Its reported adverse effects led the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to ban ephedra-containing products in the United States in 2004. This study's purpose was to compare toxicity from botanical products containing ephedra to nonephedra products. The Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS), a national poison center database, was utilized to determine the number and outcomes of cases involving botanical products reported from 1993-2002. Cases listing both a botanical product and any other drugs or chemicals were excluded a priori. Ten-year hazard rates (moderate outcomes + major outcomes + deaths per 1000 exposures) were used to compare botanical product categories. There were 21,533 toxic exposures with definitive medical outcomes reported over the 10 yrs where a botanical product was the only substance involved. Of these, 4306 (19.9%) had moderate or major medical outcomes and there were two deaths, for an overall hazard score of 200 per 1000 exposures. The number of ephedra reports to poison centers increased 150-fold over the 10-yr period. The hazard rate for products that contained only ephedra was 250 per 1000 exposures and 267 per 1000 exposures for products that contained ephedra and additional ingredients; whereas the hazard score for only nonephedra botanical products was 96 per 1000 exposures. The rate ratios for multibotanical products with ephedra (RR 1.33; 95% C.I. 1.27-1.40) and for single-ingredient ephedra products (RR 1.25; 95% C.I. 1.11-1.40) were both two to six times higher than those of other common botanical products. Yohimbe-containing products had the highest hazard score (417) and rate ratio (2.08; 95% C.I. 1.59-2.80). Ephedra-containing botanical products accounted for a significant number of toxic exposures with severe medical outcomes reported to poison centers. Hazard rate analysis suggests poison center-reported events

  20. Entrevista com Christiane Nord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Pfau

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Quando pensamos em tradução e enfocamos em aspectos como "por que traduzir?" "quem será meu leitor?" "como abordar os aspectos das culturas?", certamente nos vem o nome da pesquisadora alemã Christiane Nord. No meio acadêmico dos Estudos da Tradução, dos últimos trinta anos, é provável que seu nome se faça presente como teórica importante nos cursos de tradução, na abordagem prática da formação de tradutores, enriquecendo discussões, formando perfis profissionais. Seu trabalho como teórica, professora e tradutora já trouxe um material bastante rico para pensar sobre os Estudos da Tradução e a Tarefa do Tradutor. Ela traz o funcionalismo alemão como uma teoria de tradução aplicável tanto no exercício profissional do tradutor, como na análise comparativa entre texto-fonte e texto-alvo em uma abordagem comunicativa eficiente e real. Nesta entrevista que Nord gentilmente proporcionou, recebendo-me em sua residência em Heidelberg, conversamos sobre algumas questões que aparecem em discussões com colegas que também usam a teoria funcionalista alemã para suas pesquisas e pensam em tradução enquanto teoria e prática. Nord, como lecionando uma de suas aulas, esclarece dúvidas sobre o uso da teoria na prática, sobre os primeiros passos do aprendiz em tradução até se tornar um profissional e sobre questões reais que circundam o mercado da tradução. Ela também traz algumas estratégias e técnicas que o tradutor pode adotar, dependendo do cliente e do leitor, sugerindo possíveis modos de relacionamento entre eles para que o trabalho seja satisfatório para todas as partes, defendendo o conceito de lealdade de sua teoria. A entrevistada também discute sobre a definição de convenções culturais, fazendo um paralelo ao conceito de normas (Toury, 1995 e pondera sobre seu significado, trazendo diversos exemplos reais como formas de encontrar as convenções de uma cultura. Também conversamos a respeito do

  1. BARCELONA: URBANSCAPES OF MODERNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Remesar

    2015-04-01

    The Do.Co.Mo.Mo’s. database, referring to Barcelona, lists 34 buildings that could be classified as rationalists and / or modern. According to other sources, we could reach fifty constructed buildings between the late 1920s and the end of the war in Spain. The article presents the results of a field work that, using different sources, has tried to to order and record the architectural production that can be considered modern / rationalist in Barcelona in the 1920s and 1930s

  2. Saalivalvurid varastavad ka Barcelonas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Hispaania politsei tabas Barcelona Arheoloogiamuuseumi saalivalvuri Manuel Gasca, kes varastas muuseumi hoidlaist umbes 35 miljoni Eesti krooni ulatuses vana-egiptuse, foiniikia, etruski ja vana-rooma arheoloogilisi leide (mündid, keraamika, skulptuur jt.) ning itaalia graafiku Giambattista Piranesi 150 gravüüri.

  3. Mechanisms of slow-pitch softball injuries reported to the HQ Air Force Safety Center a 10-year descriptive study, 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnham, Bruce R; Copley, G Bruce; Shim, Matthew J; Kemp, Philip A; Jones, Bruce H

    2010-01-01

    Softball is a popular sport in civilian and military populations and results in a large number of lost-workday injuries. The purpose of this study is to describe the mechanisms associated with softball injuries occurring among active duty U.S. Air Force (USAF) personnel to better identify potentially effective countermeasures. Data derived from safety reports were obtained from the USAF Ground Safety Automated System in 2003. Softball injuries for the years 1993-2002 that resulted in at least one lost workday were included in the study. Narrative data were systematically reviewed and coded in order to categorize and summarize mechanisms associated with these injuries. This report documents a total of 1181 softball-related mishap reports, involving 1171 active duty USAF members who sustained one lost-workday injury while playing softball. Eight independent mechanisms were identified. Three specific scenarios (sliding, being hit by a ball, and colliding with a player) accounted for 60% of reported softball injuries. Mechanisms of injury for activities such as playing softball, necessary for prevention planning, can be identified using the detailed information found in safety reports. This information should also be used to develop better sports injury coding systems. Within the USAF and U.S. softball community, interventions to reduce injuries related to the most common mechanisms (sliding, being hit by a ball, and colliding with a player) should be developed, implemented, and evaluated. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  4. 16 NORD computers for Europeen fusion research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    16 computers of the NORD type, mannfactured by Nordata's French subsidiary, have been ordered for the JET data acquisition and storage system. 15 of the computers are of the NORD-100 model and the 16th is a NORD-500. The computers are to be arranged in a 'double star' configuration, developed by CERN. CAMAC Serial Highway is to be used for long communications paths, using fibre optics. The operating system is SINTRAN and the programming languages FORTRAN, NODAC, NORD PL, PASCAL and BASIC may be used. (JIW)

  5. Barcelona A ja B = Barcelona A and B / Inga Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Inga, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Barcelona arendamisest. Herzog ja de Meuroni büroos kavandatud Foorumi näitusekeskuses 2006. a. märtsist juuni alguseni avatud näitusest "Barcelona in Progress", mis püüab haarata eduloo ajalugu ja tulevikku. Bibliograafia lk. 71

  6. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  7. Paralympics--Barcelona 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, J; Stirk, A; Thomas, A; Geary, F

    1994-01-01

    The British Team at the 9th Paralympic Games in September 1992 in Barcelona comprised 151 men and 54 women athletes in a total of 15 sports. They were supported by a staff of 86 including a 12-strong medical team. The athletes were selected from the National Championships of the five disability organizations: British Wheelchair Sports Federation; British Blind Sport; Cerebral Palsy Sport; British Amputee Sports Association; and the British Les Autres Sports Association. This article outlines the organization and experience of the medical support team. The injury/illness profile was similar to those in able bodied sport. The team went on to achieve 40 gold, 47 silver and 41 bronze medals, maintaining third place on the medal table as achieved in Seoul in 1988. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:8044485

  8. Edificio Atalaya Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correa, Federico

    1975-02-01

    Full Text Available This unique building, situated at the crossing Diagonal-Carretera of Sarría of Barcelona, consists of four basements, two levels for premises and offices that occupy the entire site and of twenty two of apartments that assume the shape of a cross so as to obtain the maximum independence of view between the different wings, in addition to other aesthetic and volumetric considerations. The structure is of reinforced concrete with flat floors without beams and the curtain walls of prefabricated pieces and artificial stone. An attempt has been made, and we consider the aim to have been achieved to construct a well planned and well balanced tall building, viewed from close by as well as from a distance.Este edificio singular, situado en el cruce Diagonal-Carretera de Sarria, de Barcelona, consta de cuatro plantas de sótanos, dos de locales y oficinas que ocupan todo el solar y veintidós de apartamentos, que adoptan la forma de cruz gamada con el fin de conseguir la máxima independencia de vistas de unos con respecto a otros, aparte de otras consideraciones estéticas y volumétricas. La estructura es de hormigón armado con forjados planos, sin vigas, y los cerramientos, modulares, de piezas prefabricadas de piedra artificial. Se ha pretendido, y consideramos logrado, el doble efecto de un rascacielos humano que se aprecia ponderado y equilibrado, tanto si se mira desde lejos como si se contempla desde cerca.

  9. Nord Stream - Venemaa erioperatsioon / Marko Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Marko, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Eest = Za Estoniju : Izdanije objedinenija "Sojuz Otetshestva i Res Publica" 20. juuni 2008, lk. 6. Riigikogu liige kirjutab Nord Streami gaasijuhtmeprojektist, leides, et Eesti kohus on oma seisukohti kindlalt kaitsta. Nord Streami kaasus kinnitab selgelt, kui hädavajalik on Euroopa Liidu ühine energiapoliitika ning selgem arusaam energiajulgeoleku tähtsusest mitte üksnes majanduslike, vaid ka poliitiliste otsuste juures

  10. 2015 Barcelona Asteroid Day

    CERN Document Server

    Gritsevich, Maria; Palme, Herbert

    2017-01-01

    This volume is a compilation of the research presented at the International Asteroid Day workshop which was celebrated at Barcelona on June 30th, 2015. The proceedings discuss the beginning of a new era in the study and exploration of the solar system’s minor bodies. International Asteroid Day commemorates the Tunguska event of June 30th, 1908. The workshop’s goal was to promote the importance of dealing proactively with impact hazards from space. Multidisciplinary experts contributed to this discussion by describing the nature of comets and asteroids along with their offspring, meteoroids. New missions to return material samples of asteroids back to Earth such as Osiris-REx and Hayabusa 2, as well as projects like AIM and DART which will test impact deflection techniques for Potentially Hazardous Asteroids encounters were also covered. The proceedings include both an outreach level to popularize impact hazards and a scientific character which covers the latest knowledge on these topics, as well as offeri...

  11. Nordsøen Movie Maker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Tag på ekspedition under havets overflade med Nordsøen Movie Maker, hvor din tur i Nordsøen Oceanarium får et helt nyt virtuelt lag. Rejs ud til de syv destinationer og hold øje med de unikke ‘moviespots‘ i nærheden af akvarierne. Her kan du med Nordsøen Movie Maker filme og dokumentere dine...... oplevelser med legesyge sæler, susende hvirvelstrømme og gigantiske klumpfisk. Nordsøen Movie Maker giver filmen et ekstra virtuelt lag, og via augmented reality bliver der tilføjet seje og morsomme, animerede specialeffekter. 1) Download app’en 2) Find et moviespot ved ekspeditionsposterne i Nordsøen...... Oceanarium. Kig efter klaptræet. 3) Vælg den rigtige post i app’en og start med at filme dit filmklip Downloader du app’en før dit besøg, er du allerede klar til at starte ekspeditionen i det øjeblik, du træder ind i Oceanariets tusmørke, hvor de første moviespots er gemt. God fornøjelse med ekspeditionen...

  12. Nord-Stream-Antrag stösst auf Ablehnung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Nord Stream küsib Eestilt taas uuringuluba. 2007 ei rahuldanud vabariigi valitsus Nord Stream AG uurimisloa taotlust. Andrus Ansip ja Mart Laar on seisukohal, et tuleks jääda kord tehtud otsuse juurde

  13. NEWS: GIREP in Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Ken

    2000-11-01

    The 18th biannual conference of GIREP was held in Barcelona from 27 August to 1 September 2000. GIREP stands for Groupe International de Recherche sur l'Enseignement de la Physique. Some 400 delegates from 53 countries attended the conference, whose main concern was Physics Teacher Education beyond 2000. All contributions had to made in English. A conference like this needs to be singularly interesting to keep delegates away from the sunsoaked attractions and delights of one of the most exciting cities in the world - even if some of the excitement comes from wondering whether or not you are going to get your pocket picked. A typical conference day begins with two or three plenary lectures in the morning, with the afternoon given over to a set of nine parallel sessions. These sessions consisted of tightly timetabled 20 minute talks or other types of presentation. This meant that even the most dedicated delegate could get to little more than 10% of the over 200 sessions that were on offer in the afternoons. The event was organized by Catalonian locals working at the conference site, the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, and was superbly smooth. The list of organizations supporting the conference is too long to record, but ranged from the European Commission to Barcelona Science Museum. The UK can boast (if that is the right word) just 11 paid-up members of GIREP, which at about £10 per annum is hardly an expensive club - next year it goes up to 20 Euros - and the fee is worth it for the excellently produced book or CD-ROM of the conference proceedings. These contain a great deal of wisdom, plus the fair amount of infuriating rubbish that tends to be generated by educational research. I write here with all the prejudices of an aged ex-teacher, of course. The first morning lecture was given by Jon Ogborn, who used his recent work as organizer of the IoP post-16 Initiative to give some details of the Advancing Physics AS and A2 and make some general points about

  14. Ekspert: Nord Stream on kaheldav / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2009-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma East European Gas Analysis direktor Mihhail Kortšemkin arvab, et Gazprom hülgab Nord Streami projekti, kui ta ei saa Rootsi ja Soome nõusolekut ehitamiseks 2010. aasta jooksul. Tema hinnangul riskib Gazprom pankrotiga, kui hakkab korraga ehitama gaasitoru läbi Läänemere ja Musta mere

  15. Vaikne torm Barcelonas / Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Katrin, 1973-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. sügisel Barcelonas toimunud 5. Euroopa maastikuarhitektuuri biennaalist "Torm ja tung", sümpoosionist. Rosa Barba nimelise võistluse peaauhinna võitis Kristine Jenseni büroo Taanist projektiga "Nicolai". Auhinnavõistlusel ja valitud tööde näitusel esindas Eestit Tallinna Harju tänava park

  16. Nord Stream, Sweden and Baltic Sea Security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, Robert L

    2007-03-15

    In June 2006, FOI published the report: Sweden and the NEGP: a Pilot Study of the North European Gas Pipeline and Sweden's Dependence on Russian Energy, a base data report on a topic that FOI considered to be of rising importance. Much has happened since then and the NEGP has changed its name to Nord Stream and submitted an official notification on the intention of realising the project of constructing a gas pipeline from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea. The primary aim of this report is to discuss and analyse some of the core aspects of Nord Stream and the pipeline project with regard to the security situation for the Baltic Sea region. The report constitutes an updated version of the previous report. Most of the old report still stands valid, especially concerning the historical survey of Russia's energy policy, but the new report has additional chapters and is broader in scope concerning the consequences of the project

  17. Nord Stream, Sweden and Baltic Sea Security

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larsson, Robert L.

    2007-03-01

    In June 2006, FOI published the report: Sweden and the NEGP: a Pilot Study of the North European Gas Pipeline and Sweden's Dependence on Russian Energy, a base data report on a topic that FOI considered to be of rising importance. Much has happened since then and the NEGP has changed its name to Nord Stream and submitted an official notification on the intention of realising the project of constructing a gas pipeline from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea. The primary aim of this report is to discuss and analyse some of the core aspects of Nord Stream and the pipeline project with regard to the security situation for the Baltic Sea region. The report constitutes an updated version of the previous report. Most of the old report still stands valid, especially concerning the historical survey of Russia's energy policy, but the new report has additional chapters and is broader in scope concerning the consequences of the project

  18. pluviosite en region soudano-sahelienne au nord du cameroun

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Dans le but de montrer qu'en zone soudano-sahélienne du Nord du ... principaux facteurs responsables de la variation des rendements en culture pluviale, une étude basée sur ... Mots clés : Risque climatique, pluviométrie, variation, rendement agricole, Nord Cameroun. ... d'analyse plus global et fonctionnel, à savoir,.

  19. Work Programme 2010. Nordic Energy Regulators (NordREG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-02-15

    The Nordic regulators' cooperation through NordREG is based on a strong consensus and common understanding of the Nordic market. Through mutual efforts and contributions NordREG members identify areas of work that can create added value for the Nordic electricity market. NordREG works by exchanging information and views, mapping and analysing energy market issues and by delivering statements and reports for harmonisation and improvement. In this, the regulators aim at identifying areas where NordREG can take joint action to influence Nordic or European electricity market development. NordREGs key focus in 2010 is the work towards a common Nordic retail market and the emphasis is on promoting a legal and institutional framework that supports this goal

  20. Nord Stream, Sweden and Baltic Sea Security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, Robert L.

    2007-03-15

    In June 2006, FOI published the report: Sweden and the NEGP: a Pilot Study of the North European Gas Pipeline and Sweden's Dependence on Russian Energy, a base data report on a topic that FOI considered to be of rising importance. Much has happened since then and the NEGP has changed its name to Nord Stream and submitted an official notification on the intention of realising the project of constructing a gas pipeline from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea. The primary aim of this report is to discuss and analyse some of the core aspects of Nord Stream and the pipeline project with regard to the security situation for the Baltic Sea region. The report constitutes an updated version of the previous report. Most of the old report still stands valid, especially concerning the historical survey of Russia's energy policy, but the new report has additional chapters and is broader in scope concerning the consequences of the project

  1. Nord Stream 2: keeping the head cool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aoun, Marie-Claire

    2016-01-01

    Nord Stream 2 is the name of a project of a pipeline which will transport Russian natural gas into the European Union. The author first presents the context of this project announced during a forum in Saint Petersburg, and signed in september 2015 between Gazprom and several European stakeholders (Eon, BASF, Engie, Shell and OMV). The objective is for Moscow to secure its north-western European market on the long term. Some physical characteristics of the project are evoked, and the European dependence on gas imports is described. The author then discusses how European countries are divided about this project: some support it (like mainly Germany) while some others are fiercely against (Eastern European countries which complain about their loss of transfer revenues, or countries like Bulgaria, Greece and Italy about the loss of an alternative gas corridor). The project also faces legal obstacles related to patrimony separation and access of third parties to the network. Finally, and while mentioning other projects (Nord Stream 1 and South Stream), the author shows that the difficulties and problems faced by this project are a perfect illustration of a fractured European gas sector

  2. KulturarvNord - Styrker, svagheder, muligheder og trusler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mark, Stine

    KulturarvNord – styrker, svagheder, muligheder og trusler er udarbejdet af forskningscenteret INCEVIDA, Aalborg Universitet 2012, og gennemført i et samarbejde mellem INCEVIDA og museumsnetværket KulturarvNord. I rapporten tages der udgangspunkt i empirisk materiale indhentet via interviews med n...... nøglepersoner i KulturarvNord. På baggrund af dette materiale er der udarbejdet en SWOT-analyse, som sætter fokus på museumsnetværkets styrker, svagheder, muligheder og trusler mhp. det fremtidige samarbejde....

  3. First Barcelona Conference on Epigenetics and Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palau, Anna; Perucho, Manuel; Esteller, Manel; Buschbeck, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    The Barcelona Conference on Epigenetics and Cancer (BCEC) entitled “Challenges, opportunities and perspectives” took place November 21–22, 2013 in Barcelona. The 2013 BCEC is the first edition of a series of annual conferences jointly organized by five leading research centers in Barcelona. These centers are the Institute of Predictive and Personalized Medicine of Cancer (IMPPC), the Biomedical Campus Bellvitge with its Program of Epigenetics and Cancer Biology (PEBC), the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), the Institute for Biomedical Research (IRB), and the Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (IBMB). Manuel Perucho and Marcus Buschbeck from the Institute of Predictive and Personalized Medicine of Cancer put together the scientific program of the first conference broadly covering all aspects of epigenetic research ranging from fundamental molecular research to drug and biomarker development and clinical application. In one and a half days, 23 talks and 50 posters were presented to a completely booked out audience counting 270 participants. PMID:24413145

  4. Air pollution and mortality in Barcelona.

    OpenAIRE

    Sunyer, J; Castellsagué, J; Sáez, M; Tobias, A; Antó, J M

    1996-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVES: Studies conducted in Barcelona reported a short term relation between daily air pollutant values and emergency department admissions for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and asthma. Air pollution in Barcelona is mainly generated by vehicle exhaust and is below the World Health Organization air quality guidelines. The acute relation between air pollution and mortality was assessed. DESIGN: Daily variations in total mortality, mortality in subjects older ...

  5. Merkel: Nord Streami on meile vaja / Kalev Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Dmitri Medvedevi ja Saksamaa kantsleri Angela Merkeli kohtumisel käsitleti energeetikapoliitikat, D. Medvedev kutsus Rootsit üles toetama Nord Streami arendamist ning taunis Nabucco gaasijuhtme rajamist

  6. Läänemeri vs Nord Stream / Ene Kaups

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaups, Ene, 1963-

    2009-01-01

    Riigikogu võttis vastu avalduse Läänemerre kavandatava gaasijuhtmega seotud keskkonnariskidest, kus avaldatakse muret, et Nord Stream AG poolt algatatud gaasijuhtme projekti rahvusvahelise keskkonnamõju hinnangutes ei ole piisavalt arvestatud kõigi seonduvate keskkonnariskidega

  7. Cinco puntos sobre la revista Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Bertone Crippa, Mauro

    2012-01-01

    El humor, como género y narrativa mediática, ocupa un lugar destacado al interior del campo del periodismo gráfico argentino. Como emergente contemporáneo dentro de este ámbito, la revista Barcelona se vuelve un objeto de estudio sugestivo al trabajar, a partir del registro del humor, sobre la agenda y la enunciación de los medios gráficos de actualidad. De esta manera, se analizan las condiciones de producción del discurso de Barcelona para ver qué novedades aporta al campo del hu...

  8. Nord Stream 2: May Cooler Heads Prevail

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aoun, Marie-Claire

    2016-01-01

    Since the announcement of the Nord Stream 2 project in June 2015, the debate around the benefits of this project for Europe is raging, putting forward political, economic and commercial arguments. Within the space of a few months, Russia has conducted a radical strategic change towards Europe in its gas policy. Following the announcements in 2014 of a major shift towards Asia, the cancellation of the South Stream project and its replacement by the Turkish Stream, relations with European gas companies have been strengthened since mid-2015. Russia's initiatives to replace its European partners are now to be viewed as part of a transformed international gas landscape. Tensions in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) market following Fukushima have given way to market surpluses. These are characterised on the one hand by lower growth in Asian demand for LNG gas, and on the other hand by the arrival on the market of new major exporters such as Australia and the United States. A new era, more favourable to gas importing countries, has opened up since the end of 2014. Moreover, the key pivot to Asia, expected by Moscow in 2014, is still far off. Discussions with Beijing about the project for a Western route proved to be more difficult than expected. Similarly, negotiations between Turkey and Russia on the Turkish Stream project have been very laborious, having been interrupted for several months because of diplomatic rows between the two countries. Finally, Russia's room for manoeuvre has narrowed, given the collapse in oil and gas prices and Western economic sanctions, which are weighing heavily on its economy. And the increased competitiveness of Russian oil companies due to the ruble devaluation will not transform this situation sustainably

  9. NordForm90, Malmö1990

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik; Agger, Steen

    2009-01-01

    Boghuset (se dette) er en interaktiv, ikonbaseret brugerflade til en biblioteksdatabase, som blev til i et forskningssamarbejde mellem Forskningscenter Risø og Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole. Resultatet af dette blev udstillet på NordForm90 i Malmö, og projektet omtales i udstillingens katalog på ...

  10. Spikes and memory in (Nord Pool) electricity price spot prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Proietti, Tomasso; Haldrup, Niels; Knapik, Oskar

    Electricity spot prices are subject to transitory sharp movements commonly referred to as spikes. The paper aims at assessing their effects on model based inferences and predictions, with reference to the Nord Pool power exchange. We identify a spike as a price value which deviates substantially...

  11. Nord Stream "ründas" Gotlandil Eestit / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Vene- Saksa gaasijuhtme ehituse sõlmpunktiks muutuval Gotlandil jäi Slite sadamasse Nord Streami raha eest ehitatud kaile ette mälestusmärk eestlastele ja lätlastele, kes 1944. aastal punavõimu eest põgenedes Gotlandile jõudsid. Kaart

  12. Nord Stream maksis kalurid kinni / Gert D Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D

    2010-01-01

    Läbi Läänemere gaasijuhet ehitav firma Nord Stream maksis Eesti kaluritele sümboolset hüvitist, vältimaks tulevikus kahjunõudeid. Väidetavalt said Eesti kalurid hüvitist vähem kui Rootsi ja Soome kalapüüdjad

  13. Barcelona - Talent Latent 09 / Ahto Sooaru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sooaru, Ahto

    2010-01-01

    Fotonäitusest "Talent Latent 09" Barcelonas Arts Santa Monica kunstikeskuses. Loetletud näitusel eksponeeritud fotode autorid. Pikemalt Rafael Milach'i (sünd. 1978), Lucia Ganieva, Javier Marquerie Thomas'i (sünd. 1986), Amaury da Cunha (sünd. 1976) töödest. Lühidalt ka teistest näitustest Arts Santa Monica kunstikeskuses

  14. Optimal football strategies: AC Milan versus FC Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Papahristodoulou, Christos

    2012-01-01

    In a recent UEFA Champions League game between AC Milan and FC Barcelona, played in Italy (final score 2-3), the collected match statistics, classified into four offensive and two defensive strategies, were in favour of FC Barcelona (by 13 versus 8 points). The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent the optimal game strategies derived from some deterministic, possibilistic, stochastic and fuzzy LP models would improve the payoff of AC Milan at the cost of FC Barcelona.

  15. Oriente within, Nord without: il meridionismo e i romantici inglesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Cazzato

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Per Voltaire (1773 prima ed Hegel (2010 poi, la storia del progresso del mondo ha viaggiato seguendo il percorso geo-politico e climatico aristotelico 1: dal dispotico Oriente verso il libero Occidente; mentre per Montesquieu (1994 essa ha viaggiato anche dai paesi caldi del Sud, timorosi come i vecchi, verso i paesi freddi del Nord, coraggiosi come i giovani. L’Europa non si è vista solo come l’altro rispetto all’Oriente, ma anche come l’altro rispetto al suo Meridione: il presente moderno del Nord di contro al passato antico del Sud. Nella seconda metà del Settecento, il secolo della nascita dell’orientalismo come sapere organico all’impresa coloniale dell’Occidente, vennero gettati anche i semi della pianta del meridionismo, sapere organico all’impresa della costruzione della moderna identità europea. I romantici inglesi coltivarono questa pianta.

  16. Prigonrieux – Le Bourg-Nord, Les Junies

    OpenAIRE

    Sandoz, Gérard

    2013-01-01

    Identifiant de l'opération archéologique : 7225529 Date de l'opération : 2009 (EX) Cette opération de diagnostic fait suite à un projet de lotissement et de construction de logements sociaux déposé par la mairie de Prigonrieux aux lieux-dits Le Bourg‑nord et Les Junies. L’intervention s’est déroulée du 2 février au 6 février 2009. Trente-deux sondages ont été réalisés ce qui représente 5 % de la surface menacée qui était de 34 683 m². Dans la partie nord du terrain, deux fossés parallèles ret...

  17. NordVal: A Nordic system for validation of alternative microbiological methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Sven

    2007-01-01

    NordVal was created in 1999 by the Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Food Issues under the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Committee adopted the following objective for NordVal: NordVal evaluates the performance and field of application of alternative microbiological methods. This includes...... analyses of food, water, feed, animal faeces and food environmental samples in the Nordic countries. NordVal is managed by a steering group, which is appointed by the National Food Administrations in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The background for creation of NordVal was a Danish...... validation system (DanVal) established in 1995 to cope with a need to validate alternative methods to be used in the Danish Salmonella Action Program. The program attracted considerable attention in the other Nordic countries. NordVal has elaborated a number of documents, which describe the requirements...

  18. (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) du Nord du Burkina Faso

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    29 déc. 2014 ... sorghos à grains sucrés ont un cycle court et arrivent donc à maturité avant les autres sorghos et le mil d'où leur exploitation comme aliment de soudure par les paysans. L'organisation de la diversité morphologique des accessions de sorghos à grains sucrés du Nord du. Burkina autour principalement des ...

  19. Bio energy heating plant heats municipal buildings in Nord-Odal; Bioenergisentral varmer kommunale bygg i Nord-Odal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-07-01

    When Nord-Odal planned to build a new nursing home, they wanted to find a more environmental friendly heating system than based on oil and electricity. Several energy consultants evaluated the task. But when all consultants concluded there would be no cost benefit in this task, local experts looked into it - and because they got a long term agreement, it was possible to finance a local bio energy heat plant. (AG)

  20. The dynamics of risk premiums in Nord Pool's futures market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mork, E.

    2006-01-01

    Premiums in futures prices are usually considered through the use of 2 models: a no-arbitrage model; and the equilibrium approach or theory of normal backwardation. The no-arbitrage approach equates futures prices with spot prices, storage costs and convenience yields, and is difficult to apply to electricity markets. This paper investigated future electricity prices in Nord Pool's futures market using an equilibrium approach, which split futures prices into an expected spot price component and a risk premium component. Three main hypotheses were used: (1) that risk premiums were present in the Nord Pool futures market during the period 1997-2004; that risk premiums in the Nord Pool futures market were smaller or absent during the period of 2000 to 2002; and, that there was a significant change in risk premiums in Nord Pool's futures market after the winter of 2002-2003 due to a change in consumer hedging behaviour. Futures prices were compared to realized spot prices in their delivery periods in order to test the hypotheses. In order to estimate the futures premiums, a 1-sample test was performed on the entire period for 1, 30, 60, and 90 days before delivery of the block or month contract. The test employed the null hypothesis that the futures premiums were 0. Premiums were positive and varied between 3.7 per cent and 9.3 per cent. The purpose of the study was to determine whether risk premiums were present. Results showed that risk premiums varied over time. Two additional hypotheses were then investigated to examine whether the presence of outside speculators reduced risk premiums, and to see if a period of high prices and volatility caused more buyers to hedge in the futures market. Results showed that in the face of volatility and higher prices, consumers do not purchase fixed-price contracts which would ultimately increase futures premiums in the market. It was concluded that premiums are an important element in the pricing of Nord Pool futures and forwards

  1. Bioaerosols in the Barcelona subway system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triadó-Margarit, X; Veillette, M; Duchaine, C; Talbot, M; Amato, F; Minguillón, M C; Martins, V; de Miguel, E; Casamayor, E O; Moreno, T

    2017-05-01

    Subway systems worldwide transport more than 100 million people daily; therefore, air quality on station platforms and inside trains is an important urban air pollution issue. We examined the microbiological composition and abundance in space and time of bioaerosols collected in the Barcelona subway system during a cold period. Quantitative PCR was used to quantify total bacteria, Aspergillus fumigatus, influenza A and B, and rhinoviruses. Multitag 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to assess bacterial community composition and biodiversity. The results showed low bioaerosol concentrations regarding the targeted microorganisms, although the bacterial bioburden was rather high (10 4 bacteria/m 3 ). Airborne bacterial communities presented a high degree of overlap among the different subway environments sampled (inside trains, platforms, and lobbies) and were dominated by a few widespread taxa, with Methylobacterium being the most abundant genus. Human-related microbiota in sequence dataset and ascribed to potentially pathogenic bacteria were found in low proportion (maximum values below 2% of sequence readings) and evenly detected. Hence, no important biological exposure marker was detected in any of the sampled environments. Overall, we found that commuters are not the main source of bioaerosols in the Barcelona subway system. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Teaching Religion in Public Schools: Review of Warren A. Nord, "Does God Make a Difference?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Walter

    2013-01-01

    In this review of Warren Nord's "Does God Make a Difference? Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities," Walter Feinberg provides a detailed analysis of Nord's argument that the study of religion should be constitutionally mandated as a corrective to the overwhelmingly secular course of study offered in…

  3. Nord-galerii näitab noori kunstnikke / Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2010-01-01

    20. mail avati Akadeemia Nord ruumides Nord Galerii (Siili 14, Tallinn) TÜ maalikunsti eriala lõpetanud Veiko Klemmeri ja Andrus Raagi ning nende lõputööde juhendaja ja galerii ühe rajaja Jaan Elkeni maalinäitusega "Võru-Tartu-Tallinn". Galerii pakub noortele kunstnikele võimalust oma töid tasuta eksponeerida

  4. Cohort profile: the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maret-Ouda, John; Wahlin, Karl; Artama, Miia; Brusselaers, Nele; Färkkilä, Martti; Lynge, Elsebeth; Mattsson, Fredrik; Pukkala, Eero; Romundstad, Pål; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Euler-Chelpin, My von; Lagergren, Jesper

    2017-06-08

    To describe a newly created all-Nordic cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), entitled the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo), which will be used to compare participants having undergone antireflux surgery with those who have not regarding risk of cancers, other diseases and mortality. Included were individuals with a GORD diagnosis recorded in any of the nationwide patient registries in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) in 1964-2014 (with various start and end years in different countries). Data regarding cancer, other diseases and mortality were retrieved from the nationwide registries for cancer, patients and causes of death, respectively. The NordASCo includes 945 153 individuals with a diagnosis of GORD. Of these, 48 433 (5.1%) have undergone primary antireflux surgery. Median age at primary antireflux surgery ranged from 47 to 52 years in the different countries. The coding practices of GORD seem to have differed between the Nordic countries. The NordASCo will initially be used to analyse the risk of developing known or potential GORD-related cancers, that is, tumours of the oesophagus, stomach, larynx, pharynx and lung, and to evaluate the mortality in the short-term and long-term perspectives. Additionally, the cohort will be used to evaluate the risk of non-malignant respiratory conditions that might be caused by aspiration of gastric contents. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  5. Interpretation of Leadership and Organizational Culture in PostNord

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Viktor Satterup Morell; Nissen, Peter Ravnborg; Pak, Kyeong Hwoa

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, there will be an interpretivist analysis of the organizational structure and leadership in PostNord, for the period of 2009 to 2016. The research attempts to disclose the espoused values and underlying assumption in the internal structure of the organization, and also the leadership of Lars G. Nordström, Lars Idermark and Håkan Ericsson. The theory will utilize Edgar H. Schein’s definition of organizational culture and leadership by Partington 3 schools of thought from project ...

  6. Operational experience from the satellite fields Statfjord Nord and East; Driftserfaringer fra satellittfeltene Statfjord Nord og Oest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Retterdal, Atle; Hansen, Hans Birger [Statoil, Stavanger (Norway)

    1999-07-01

    Since production started on the satellite fields Statfjord Nord and East in 1995 and 1994, respectively, some opportunities for improvement have been discovered and realized both with respect to the subsea systems and the operational routines and philosophy. This presentation discusses the improvement projects. It is known from experience that creative ideas usually originate at the interfaces between supplier/customer, engineers with different backgrounds, or between different technologies. The interface between supplier and operator is very important for discovering creative solutions. The interface between Statoil and the suppliers of underwater equipment is not sufficiently well developed on the operational side.

  7. Feasibility study of introducing smart technologies in Barcelona Airport

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Guiu, Anna

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of the project are to define and evaluate the diferent alternatives for implementing new Smart concepts and technologies in Barcelona Airport. The structure of the project activities will follow an initial approach (not exhaustive) consisting of: Context and background, justification of the project, assessment of Barcelona Airport baseline, identification of needs, technolgy Stae-of the art, definition of potential solutions and implementation scenarios, evaluation of altern...

  8. Lymphogranuloma venereum: a hidden emerging problem, Barcelona, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas-Leguas, H; Garcia de Olalla, P; Arando, M; Armengol, P; Barbera, Mj; Vall, M; Vives, A; Martin-Ezquerra, G; Alsina, M; Blanco, J; Munoz, C; Caballero, E; Andreu, A; Ros, M; Gorrindo, P; Dominguez, A; Cayla, Ja

    2012-01-12

    From the beginning of 2007 until the end of 2011, 146 cases of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) were notified to the Barcelona Public Health Agency. Some 49% of them were diagnosed and reported in 2011, mainly in men who have sex with men. Almost half of them, 32 cases, were reported between July and September. This cluster represents the largest since 2004. This article presents the ongoing outbreak of LGV in Barcelona.

  9. Xafardera?. No, esclava. Etnografia sobre les porteres de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Brufau

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Bestard, Joan (ed. (2006. Les porteries a Barcelona. Entre l’espai públic i l’espai privat. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura. “Un poco dura esta profesión. Aunque ellos [els veïns] no lo crean, o es. Siempre hay un mal humor de ellos. Siempre hay alguna cosa, que la paga el trabajador” Testimoni d’una portera recollit en el llibre

  10. Construyendo la Barcelona creativa: nuevos actores, nuevas estrategias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Pareja-Eastaway

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Building A creative Barcelona: new actors, new strategies.Barcelona is under the international spotlight. The city that triumphed with the organisation of the Olympic Games in 1992 now wants to become a 21st Century creative city. In order to achieve this goal, the city must establish conditions that facilitate the emergence of a shared discourse around its ability to become an attractive city for creative talent and for businesses. The recognition of the historical-economic heritage, as a starting point for the creative city, along with the driving role played by culture in the generation of a exclusive and distinctive experience, turnBarcelona into a unique city. However, this is not sufficient. The participation and involvement of all the actors in a shared strategy pose significant challenges to Barcelona, as does the need to minimise the negative effects that inevitably accompany success. Companies, institutions and citizens constitute the city’s best assets: they must work in partnership and take advantage of the synergies generated amongst them. Consensus and participation are more than mere utopias in Barcelona: they have become requirements for the city of tomorrow. Moreover, leadership in Barcelona is largely left to public initiative: the emergence of linkages across the needs of the various creative sectors, based on public intervention mechanisms is the best way to ensure success.

  11. The pergolas of Barcelona Forum, an example of sustainable architecture; Las pergonas de Barcelona Ejemplo de arquitectura sostenible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    The use of technologies FV in Barcelona Forum Claims the goal of reducing the greenhouse gases emission to the atmosphere. The pergolas allow reducing the emission of approximately 440 Mg/year of CO{sub 2}.

  12. Nord Pool wants to be the leader in CO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wellander, Dag

    2004-01-01

    In the beginning of 2005 Nord Pool introduces standard contracts for European emission rights for carbon dioxide. It is currently too early to speak of a global market for emission rights for greenhouse gases. The problem is not the attitude of the U.S.A., as is often said, but what road is taken by the so-called third world. The acceptance of the Kyoto Protocol by the Russians means that the agreement will come into force in 2005. It is much more important, however, what is going to happen after the first implementation period 2008 - 2012. In that process those countries that strive for one car per household must also be engaged. In particular the giant nations China and India must join the agreement if it is to be a notable climatic agreement of global scope

  13. Nord Stream liigub seatud eesmärgi poole / Sebastian Sass ; intervjueerinud Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sass, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    Nord Streami loataotluste juhi kinnitusel püsib gaasitoru projekt probleemidest hoolimata graafikus ja tarned peaksid algama 2011. aastal. Vt. samas: Finantsjuht: Läänemere gaasitoru rahata ei jää

  14. Analysis of modeling aircraft noise with the Nord2000 noise model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    This report provides comparisons between AEDT/INM and the Nord 2000 Noise Models for the following parameters: ground type, simple terrain (downward slope, upward slope, hill), temperature and humidity, temperature gradients (positive and negative), ...

  15. Nord Streami mõjudest rääkimine tõi auhinna / Madis Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli juhtivteaduri Tarmo Soomere juhitud uurimisprojekt "Baltic Way" sai Läänemere organisatsioonide konsortsiumi Bonus auhinna Nord Streami võimalike keskkonnamõjude tutvustamise eest

  16. Orígenes del Fútbol en Barcelona (1892-1903. | Origins of Fooball in Barcelona (1892-1903.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Torrebadella Flix

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article shows some unpublished data that seek to clarify the origins of football in Spain and particularly in Barcelona. Apart from the influence of the English colony in the dissemination of football, the background of school sport is described and evaluated. It is provided data about football in Barcelona which reveal that before the constitution of the Football Club Barcelona, often considered the first team of the city, there were ten associations that practiced this sport. It emphasizes the importance of the British colony, gyms and sports clubs of Barcelona from 1892 to 1903, to generate the enabling environment that made ​​the modern sport of football triumph, stimulating in turn the context Regenerationism and the emergence of associations sports from the early twentieth century. The research method has focused on historical analysis techniques, with the treatment of the original documentary sources and complemented with historicist indirect sources.ResumenEn este artículo se presentan algunos datos inéditos que pretenden esclarecer los orígenes del fútbol en España y más concretamente en Barcelona. Aparte de la influencia que ejerce la colonia inglesa en la divulgación del fútbol, se describen y se valoran los antecedentes del deporte escolar. Sobre el fútbol en Barcelona se aportan datos que revelan que antes de la constitución del Fútbol Club Barcelona, considerado frecuentemente como el primer equipo de fútbol de la ciudad, existieron una decena de asociaciones que practicaron este deporte. Se acentúa la importancia que tuvo la colonia inglesa, los gimnasios y las sociedades deportivas de Barcelona entre 1892 y 1903, para generar el ambiente favorable que hizo que el fútbol triunfase como deporte moderno, estimulando a su vez el contexto regeneracionista y la emergencia del asociacionismo deportivo de principios del siglo XX. El método de investigación se ha centrado en técnicas de análisis histórico en

  17. The Nord-Limousin uraniferous province. Its three main deposits; La province uranifere du Nord-Limousin. Ses trois principaux gisements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J.A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Les Sagnes, Margnac and Les Brugeauds are the three main known deposits in the Nord-Limousin region, a rich uraniferous area; already being mined, they have only been partially explored so far, and one can safely hope for further extensions: in fact, some of these hopes have come true already. Each of these three deposits correspond to a type frequently to be found in the region, and the three of them together represent the characteristics of the Nord-Limousin uraniferous region: that is why they were selected. (author) [French] Les trois gisements decrits ici, les Sagnes, Margnac, les Brugeauds, sont les principaux actuellement connus dans la region du Nord-Limousin, si riche en gites uraniferes; deja en exploitation, ils ne sont encore que partiellement explores, et tous les espoirs d'extension laterale sont permis: certains sont deja en voie de realisation. Chacun d'eux correspond a un type frequent dans la region, et ils illustrent a eux trois les caracteristiques de la province uranifere du Nord-Limousin: c'est la raison de leur choix. (auteur)

  18. The Nord-Limousin uraniferous province. Its three main deposits; La province uranifere du Nord-Limousin. Ses trois principaux gisements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J A [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Les Sagnes, Margnac and Les Brugeauds are the three main known deposits in the Nord-Limousin region, a rich uraniferous area; already being mined, they have only been partially explored so far, and one can safely hope for further extensions: in fact, some of these hopes have come true already. Each of these three deposits correspond to a type frequently to be found in the region, and the three of them together represent the characteristics of the Nord-Limousin uraniferous region: that is why they were selected. (author) [French] Les trois gisements decrits ici, les Sagnes, Margnac, les Brugeauds, sont les principaux actuellement connus dans la region du Nord-Limousin, si riche en gites uraniferes; deja en exploitation, ils ne sont encore que partiellement explores, et tous les espoirs d'extension laterale sont permis: certains sont deja en voie de realisation. Chacun d'eux correspond a un type frequent dans la region, et ils illustrent a eux trois les caracteristiques de la province uranifere du Nord-Limousin: c'est la raison de leur choix. (auteur)

  19. Climate change, income and happiness: An empirical study for Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sekulova, F.; van den Bergh, J.C.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    The present article builds upon the results of an empirical study exploring key factors which determine life satisfaction in Barcelona. Based on a sample of 840 individuals we first look at the way changes in income, notably income reductions, associated with the current economic situation in Spain,

  20. Jean Nouveli supermodernism Barcelonas / Raili Seppänen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppänen, Raili

    2005-01-01

    2005. a. suvel valmivast prantsuse arhitekti Jean Nouveli (sünd. 1945) projekteeritud tornmajast Torre Agbar Barcelonas Avinguda Diagonal 209-211. Abiks hispaania arhitekt Fermin Vazquez arhitektibüroost b720 Arquitectura S.L. Jean Nouveli tuntud projekte. Ill.: J. Nouveli portreefoto, tornmaja välisvaade

  1. Perspectives of Security Ensuring within the Framework of Barcelona Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T N Kirabaev

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Barcelona process was aimed to become an important mechanism in the realization of ideas of peace, stability and security ensuring in the Mediterranean Sea region. Cooperation in the sphere of security ensuring means openness of the regional states, social and economic reforms, human rights protection. The article deals with the problem of security ensuring by nonmilitary means.

  2. Performing Home in Barcelona: A Practice-Based Photo Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, Esther Belvis

    2018-01-01

    During the winter of 2016, I carried out an artistic project in Barcelona entitled 'Performing Home' that aimed to explore the affective and social challenges that artists in political asylum or refuge cope with. The project began with a simple question: "where in public spaces do artists in asylum feel 'at home'?" It explored how public…

  3. Geodetic infrastructure at the Barcelona harbour for sea level monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Benjamin, Juan Jose; Gili, Josep; Lopez, Rogelio; Tapia, Ana; Pros, Francesc; Palau, Vicenc; Perez, Begona

    2015-04-01

    The presentation is directed to the description of the actual geodetic infrastructure of Barcelona harbour with three tide gauges of different technologies for sea level determination and contribution to regional sea level rise and understanding past and present sea level rise in the Barcelona harbour. It is intended that the overall system will constitute a CGPS Station of the ESEAS (European Sea Level) and TIGA (GPS Tide Gauge Benchmark Monitoring) networks. At Barcelona harbour there is a MIROS radar tide gauge belonging to Puertos del Estado (Spanish Harbours).The radar sensor is over the water surface, on a L-shaped structure which elevates it a few meters above the quay shelf. 1-min data are transmitted to the ENAGAS Control Center by cable and then sent each 1 min to Puertos del Estado by e-mail. The information includes wave forescast (mean period, significant wave height, sea level, etc.This sensor also measures agitation and sends wave parameters each 20 min. There is a GPS station Leica Geosystems GRX1200 GG Pro and antenna AX 1202 GG. The Control Tower of the Port of Barcelona is situated in the North dike of the so-called Energy Pier in the Barcelona harbor (Spain). This tower has different kind of antennas for navigation monitoring and a GNSS permanent station. As the tower is founded in reclaimed land, and because its metallic structure, the 50 m building is subjected to diverse movements, including periodic fluctuations due to temperature changes. In this contribution the 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 the necessary monitoring campaigns are described. In the framework of a Spanish Space Project, the instrumentation of sea level measurements has been improved by providing the Barcelona site with a radar tide gauge Datamar 2000C from Geonica S.L. in June 2014 near an acoustic tide gauge from the Barcelona Harbour installed in 2013. Precision levelling has been made several times in the last two years because the tower is founded in reclaimed land and

  4. Gaasitoru rajaja Nord Stream : jätkame läbirääkimisi Soomega / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Eesti valitsuse otsus mitte anda Nord Streamile uurimisluba tekitas Soome keskkonnaametnikes pahameelt. Nord Stream AG esindaja Jens D. Mülleri sõnul jätkatakse torujuhtme projekti. Välispoliitika Instituudi direktori Andres Kasekampi arvates laskis Eesti käest kaasarääkimise õiguse

  5. Gåsetrekket i Vesterålen og Nord-Trøndelag 2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tombre, I.; Madsen, J.; Bakken, J.

    for the goose species pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus, barnacle goose Branta leucopsis and greylag goose Anser anser. The present report summarises goose registrations in some of the municipalities involved; Steinkjer and Inderøy in Nord-Trøndelag, Mid-Norway (pink-footed goose), and Sortland...... in Vesterålen, Northern Norway (pink-footed goose and barnacle goose). Registrations in the Nord-Trøndelag municipalities, Verdal and Levanger, are also included. Pink-footed and barnacle geese stage in Norway during spring on their way to their breeding grounds in Svalbard. In Trøndelag, the spring...... estimate of 43 000). This is probably an underestimate due to all hiding possibilities in the region, and it is assumed that at least 75 % of the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose stayed in Nord-Trøndelag in early May. Intensive scaring of geese registered at several locations in the county...

  6. "Konsesjon til radikalere" : Norges anerkjennelse av Nord-Vietnam i 1971

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Cristian H.

    2012-01-01

    Emnet for oppgaven er Norges anerkjennelse av Nord-Vietnam som en selvstendig stat. Dette skjedde i 1971 mens Nord-Vietnam var i krig med Sør-Vietnam og USA. Norge var det første NATO-landet som fattet prinsippvedtak om dette, og Danmark fulgte etter. Det hele provoserte USA i så stor grad at Nixon-administrasjonen var nær ved å kalle ambassadørene sine i Oslo og København hjem. Det var regjeringen Bratteli som stod for utførelsen av anerkjennelsen etter at Arbeiderpartiet kom tilbake til reg...

  7. New mediterranean elements in contemporary housing. The case of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Paolo Bagnato

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In the face of increasing and differentiating the low-cost housing demand and the trend of establishing new paradigms in the contemporary housing design, the architectural investigation has replaced into its disciplinary statement the topic of housing as central question in research and design experimentation. The city of Barcelona has codified in the last years innovative modalities of public management in social housing, offering interesting points of reflection on the idea of housing and of Mediterranean quality in urban, architectural and constructive terms. The paper proposes a key to the reading on the recent experiences of social housing in Barcelona illustrating the different forms through which architecture interprets the relationship between housing and public space, between innovation and constructive tradition.

  8. Empresas familiares de inmigrantes en Barcelona y Montevideo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Martínez Pérez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es observar las diferentes dimensiones que adquiere la familia en las empresas familiares de inmigrantes. En este caso, la propuesta metodológica es analizar, de forma comparativa, la realidad empresarial consolidada del colectivo gallego en Montevideo con las empresas familiares de inmigrantes de reciente creación en el área metropolitana en Barcelona.

  9. Latent variables definition for a new mobility model in Barcelona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puignau, S.A.; Ciommo, F. di; Sauri, S.

    2016-07-01

    Based on the recent travel behaviour literature, time and space perceptions and the awareness of shared economy seem to gain importance in mobility patterns. The objective of this article is to evaluate how far the behaviour of new generations brings about different mobility patterns in Barcelona. For this purpose, we have designed a web-based survey that provides innovative revealed-preference data. (Author)

  10. Commuters’ valuation of travel time variability in Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Asensio; Anna Matas

    2007-01-01

    The value given by commuters to the variability of travel times is empirically analysed using stated preference data from Barcelona (Spain). Respondents are asked to choose between alternatives that differ in terms of cost, average travel time, variability of travel times and departure time. Different specifications of a scheduling choice model are used to measure the influence of various socioeconomic characteristics. Our results show that travel time variability.

  11. NordStream : "Toru tuleb niikuinii" / Jens Müller ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müller, Jens

    2007-01-01

    Nord Streami pressiesindaja hinnangul on Eesti majandusvööndis gaasijuhtme keskkonnauuringute mittelubamine keskkonna seisukohalt kahjulik, nüüd ei saa võrrelda, kas keskkonnasõbralikum oleks ehitada gaasitoru läbi Soome või läbi Eesti majandusvööndi

  12. Berliinis räägiti NordStreami venimisest / Raavo Raadik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raadik, Raavo

    2008-01-01

    Financial Times Deutschland (FTD) ajakirjanikud vahendasid Vene gaasikontserni Gazprom juhatuse liikme Valeri Jassevi kinnitusi, et gaasijuhtme esimene osa peaks valmima 2011. aastal ja 2012. aastal peaks algama esimesed gaasitarned. Seni oli NordStream lähtunud varasematest tähtaegadest

  13. Barcelona más allá de Barcelona. La ciudad cinematográfica transformada en otras ciudades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlota Bonet Balaguer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the late twentieth century, the duality tourism and cinema, commonly referred to as film-induced tourism, has become one of the most emerging and dynamic tourist modalities. Amongst the various types of film-induced tourism accepted by the academia, this research has been based on one that has a double filmic identity: as film destination and as film setting. Meaning a film that is shot in a particular place but is actually representing elsewhere. The main objective of this research is to identify and analyse the international audio-visual productions or co-productions that have been partially or completely shot in Barcelona yet in fiction represent another city. The results were essentially obtained from an analytical-descriptive methodology. As a main conclusion of the study, it can be stated that international films which are shot in Barcelona but represent elsewhere in the film, have great potential to strengthen or create a competitive offer of film-induced tourism in Barcelona.

  14. El Raval de Barcelona, un laboratori d'estudis urbans

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez i Rigol, Sergi; Carreras i Verdaguer, Carles; Frago i Clols, Lluís

    2015-01-01

    El Raval de Barcelona s'ha convertit en un dels barris més estudiats de la ciutat. En aquest article els autors aprofiten les seves experiències i treballs sobre el barri per reflexionar sobre les eines i els conceptes de la Geografia urbana en l'anàlisi i comprensió de les ciutats contemporànies. De forma quasi cronològica es presenten aquestes reflexions que culminen en un balanç desapassionat de les aportacions que s'han fet des de l'Acadèmia per al coneixement del barri i s...

  15. La Vall, vestíbul a Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Calvet Gómez, Clàudia

    2017-01-01

    Qualificació obtinguda: 10 M.H. En una ciutat canviant i en constant creixement, com ho és Barcelona, el metro hi juga un paper fonamental. Amb la seva arribada, el model de centre i perifèria canvia i les zones pròximes a les estacions passen a ser molt properes a la resta de la ciutat. Es converteixen en nous centres per als habitants, i que tot i ser zones ·privilegiades i molt freqüentades no han estat projectades com a tal. Aprofitar l’energia generada per el metro es considera idoni ...

  16. Barcelona contemporánea: el ocaso de un modelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pizza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Barcelona is a city, which through the democratization of public space in the second half of the seventies, developed with a noticeable intention of balancing the public and private. The municipalities’ efforts were focused towards the planification and regeneration of dilapidated spaces and the construction of new structures for public benefit. However, since 2007 new phenomena have come to light that emphasise urban problems in which public interests become less important than private investment initiatives. New market priorities, together with tourism and myriad immigration have caused an “expropriation” of the city from its inhabitants.

  17. The Barcelona Mobile Cluster: Actors, Contents and Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Scolari

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Communication mediated by mobile devices is one of the most dynamic sectors of the global economy and is transforming different aspects of our lives, including our ways of relating and our cultural production, distribution and consumption models. Media studies should not ignore these transformations. This paper presents the results of a study carried out during 2008 to determine the actors, contents produced and trends of the mobile communication companies in Barcelona. The study outlines an initial map of the situation, proposes a series of analysis categories and lays the foundations for more specific future studies on mCommunication.

  18. Nord Stream : täidame kõik Eesti nõudmised / Matthias Warnig ; interv. Jan Jõgis-Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Warnig, Matthias

    2007-01-01

    Nord Streami tegevdirektor pakub võimalust, et Eesti esindajad viibiksid gaasitrassi uuringutel, samuti võivad esindajad teha ette teatamata reide. Firma on valmis arutama kõike, mis on vajalik protsessi kontrollimiseks ja usalduse tekitamiseks

  19. Culture, Values and Social Basis of Northern Italian Centrifugal Regionalism. A Contextual Political Analysis of the Lega Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Biorcio , Roberto; Vitale , Tommaso

    2011-01-01

    The Lega Nord intended to create a party which represented the whole of the northern regions, capable to defend their interests and culture. If we examine the profile of people that voted for the Lega Nord, we find some discordant features compared to the project. A large majority of the party’s electorate naturally supports federalism and devolution. However, the party’s electorate paradoxically displays value trends and convictions that, for many aspects are in countertendency compared to t...

  20. Edificio en La Plaza Lesseps de Fernando Lesseps – Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danés, Albert

    1975-02-01

    Full Text Available This interesting example of urban architecture is situated in Barcelona, facing two streets of different widths, for which reasons the number of floors on the two sides is also different. The basements are reserved for parking space. Further the building comprises commercial ground floors with very attractive shopping arcades; a mezzanine commercial floor as well and the top floors, that are intended for housings. Pleasant exterior with solid colours. The work has been achieved thanks to the valuable contribution of Lluciá Navarro i Rodón.Esta interesante muestra de la arquitectura urbana está emplazada en Barcelona, con fachadas a dos calles de anchura diferente, por lo que el número de plantas es también distinto. Sótanos destinados a estacionamiento de vehículos. Plantas bajas comerciales, con galerías de paso muy atractivas. Entresuelo, también comercial, y plantas altas de viviendas variadas. Tratamiento exterior atrayente, a base de colores sólidos y sistema esgrafiado, contando con la valiosa colaboración de Lluciá Navarro i Rodón.

  1. NORD STREAM 2 and its Soft Power – an Unfolding Playground for the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Ioana Banciu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in a double reflection (Russia - the candle, Germany - the mirror handling one particular aspect that influences Russia-EU relations since the Ukrainian factor emerged as a playground for both East and West tectonic plates - namely the energy sector. It is vital for any global power to understand this approach in order to reach people’s minds, in order to emerge as leaders on the world map and to build a strong perception over a political scene. A recently debated subject is Nord Stream 2. The reason why I have chosen to explore this subject is because I am very interested in how Kremlin seeks to have an exclusive control over Eastern Europe, given the full debate in the last three years. In this thesis I will also discuss some important elements of the Russian Soft Power over Europe introducing the plot of South Stream project.

  2. La population du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord contribue ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... Le degré d'apport au contenu varie grandement d'une population à l'autre. Si les habitants du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord (région MENA) utilisent Wikipédia, ils y contribuent cependant moins que les populations d'autres régions du monde. Le contenu au sujet de la région MENA est, le plus ...

  3. Réseautage d'entreprises au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les réseaux sociaux sont d'importantes sources de conseils pour les entrepreneurs du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord (région MOAN) et ils contribuent à leur réussite. Un nouveau projet de recherche a pour but de favoriser la collaboration entre des chercheurs du Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) et la ...

  4. Forecasting Nord Pool day-ahead prices with an autoregressive model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kristiansen, Tarjei

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a model to forecast Nord Pool hourly day-ahead prices. The model is based on but reduced in terms of estimation parameters (from 24 sets to 1) and modified to include Nordic demand and Danish wind power as exogenous variables. We model prices across all hours in the analysis period rather than across each single hour of 24 hours. By applying three model variants on Nord Pool data, we achieve a weekly mean absolute percentage error (WMAE) of around 6–7% and an hourly mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) ranging from 8% to 11%. Out of sample results yields a WMAE and an hourly MAPE of around 5%. The models enable analysts and traders to forecast hourly day-ahead prices accurately. Moreover, the models are relatively straightforward and user-friendly to implement. They can be set up in any trading organization. - Highlights: ► Forecasting Nord Pool day-ahead prices with an autoregressive model. ► The model is based on but with the set of parameters reduced from 24 to 1. ► The model includes Nordic demand and Danish wind power as exogenous variables. ► Hourly mean absolute percentage error ranges from 8% to 11%. ► Out of sample results yields a WMAE and an hourly MAPE of around 5%.

  5. HAS IMPLEMENTING AN ECOLABEL INCREASED SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN BARCELONA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Arenado Rodríguez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de este estudio es detectar si la implementación de una eco etiqueta en destinos turísticos con un modelo SDM, incrementa su sostenibilidad. Para dicha investigación, se han puesto en práctica tres medidas en Barcelona: (1 entrevistas con agentes locales clave (DMOs, para comprobar su aceptación e implicación en el proyecto de certificación; (2 la puesta en práctica de dos acciones relevantes para el estudio: (a contrastar los criterios de la eco etiqueta objeto de estudio con los criterios del GSTC (2016, (b comprobar si la eco etiqueta se adecua al estudio de Font (2001 sobre las mismas. Por último, como tercera medida (3, se plantea una discusión para conocer si los medios de comunicación y la población local perciben la ciudad como turísticamente sostenible. Los resultados establecen que tanto Barcelona Tourism Board como los agentes claves muestran preocupación, interés y compromiso frente a la sostenibilidad turística. Y respecto a la ecoetiqueta, puede comprobarse que es fiable, pues se adapta a las exigencias tanto del modelo de Font (2001 como a los criterios del GSTC. Sin embargo, la población local muestra una clara insatisfacción y malestar con el volumen de turistas que visita a la ciudad. Esta parece no entender de etiquetas, pero sí de impactos negativos del turismo en sus vidas. La principal limitación del estudio es que solo ha sido analizado el caso de Barcelona. Mientras que su contribución más interesante es la puesta en práctica de conceptos ampliamente aceptados, pero que por lo general se estudian más de forma teórica que sobre los destinos turísticos.

  6. The dynamics of risk premiums in Nord Pool's futures market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mork, E. [Consultant, Oslo (Norway)

    2006-04-15

    Premiums in futures prices are usually considered through the use of 2 models: a no-arbitrage model; and the equilibrium approach or theory of normal backwardation. The no-arbitrage approach equates futures prices with spot prices, storage costs and convenience yields, and is difficult to apply to electricity markets. This paper investigated future electricity prices in Nord Pool's futures market using an equilibrium approach, which split futures prices into an expected spot price component and a risk premium component. Three main hypotheses were used: (1) that risk premiums were present in the Nord Pool futures market during the period 1997-2004; that risk premiums in the Nord Pool futures market were smaller or absent during the period of 2000 to 2002; and, that there was a significant change in risk premiums in Nord Pool's futures market after the winter of 2002-2003 due to a change in consumer hedging behaviour. Futures prices were compared to realized spot prices in their delivery periods in order to test the hypotheses. In order to estimate the futures premiums, a 1-sample test was performed on the entire period for 1, 30, 60, and 90 days before delivery of the block or month contract. The test employed the null hypothesis that the futures premiums were 0. Premiums were positive and varied between 3.7 per cent and 9.3 per cent. The purpose of the study was to determine whether risk premiums were present. Results showed that risk premiums varied over time. Two additional hypotheses were then investigated to examine whether the presence of outside speculators reduced risk premiums, and to see if a period of high prices and volatility caused more buyers to hedge in the futures market. Results showed that in the face of volatility and higher prices, consumers do not purchase fixed-price contracts which would ultimately increase futures premiums in the market. It was concluded that premiums are an important element in the pricing of Nord Pool futures and

  7. Construction and preliminary validation of the Barcelona Immigration Stress Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomás-Sábado, Joaquín; Qureshi, Adil; Antonin, Montserrat; Collazos, Francisco

    2007-06-01

    In the study of mental health and migration, an increasing number of researchers have shifted the focus away from the concept of acculturation towards the stress present in the migratory experience. The bulk of research on acculturative stress has been carried out in the United States, and thus the definition and measurement of the construct has been predicated on that cultural and demographic context, which is of dubious applicability in Europe in general, and Spain in particular. Further, some scales have focused on international students, which down-played the importance of the migratory process, because it deals with a special subset of people who are not formally immigrating. The Barcelona Immigration Stress Scale was developed to measure acculturative stress appropriate to immigrants in Spain, using expert and focus group review and has 42 items. The scale shows acceptable internal validity, and, consistent with other scales, suggests that immigration stress is a complex construct.

  8. Academic cheating and gender differences in Barcelona (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Cladellas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the issue of academic cheating, describe its causes, and examine the obstacles this behaviour creates for learning. The research was carried out with 306 students from Barcelona (Spain which were administered both with a psycho educational interview and a questionnaire. Results are similar to those from other countries and show that more than half of the students are in the habit of frequently cheating, and that boys cheat significantly more often than girls. To finish, the text suggests teaching strategies to control academic cheating in educational institutions, such as: Being aware of the problem and taking the decision to tackle it, including ethics tuition in the curricular content, teaching summarising and rephrasing techniques, frequently revising students’ writings, and last but not least, being very strict with deadlines and not accepting unwarranted excuses repeatedly made by students for not observing them.

  9. Sprawl in Barcelona Region and the PTMB 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Acierno

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Barcelona metropolitan region is composed of 164 municipalities distributed over an area of ​​about 3234 sq km with a population of 5 million inhabitants. In the last decades, the growth of metropolitan region has been characterized by some critical problems: high land occupation, dispersed occupation of the territory, low building density, considerable fragmentation and high specialization (residential developments, commercial centers, industrial areas, etc, growing social segregation. The sprawl, together with changes in economic and social structure, caused a loss of landscape and environment values in the territory, a reduction of natural areas, involving an increase in consumption of resources. The sprawling development was already evident in the early 1970s, and a study of dynamic of the sprawl was conducted to show the main features of this process. The morphology of discontinuity, fragmentation and heterogeneity are common features of the metropolitan regions in Southern Europe. The changes from the traditional compact city to a dispersed one caused important effects in the functioning of the territories and in the lifestyles of their users. The main problems addressed by the plan have been identified in the sprawl, the territorial fragmentation and the growing social segregation. The adoption of the Barcelona Metropolitan Plan is a notable innovation in the scenario of spatial planning and urban policies in Catalonia. In fact, the PTMB, that comes to close more than 40 years of controversy and failed attempts, presents some aspects of particular interest and represents a planning tool providing a methodology for administrative and political management for the future. The plan has been proposed by regional government in concert with municipalities through an interesting participatory process that has secured a broad consensus. The plan structure founded on three main systems: Open Spaces, Settlements and Infrastructures; all of

  10. Nord-Cotentin radioecology group: an innovative experiment in pluralist expertise; Le groupe Radioecologie Nord-Cotentin: une experience originale d'expertise pluraliste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lochard, J.; Schneider, T.; Crouail, P. [Centre d' Etude sur l' Evaluation de la Protection dans le Domaine Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Heriard-Dubreuil, G.; Gadbois, S. [Mutadis, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); Oudiz, A. [CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire

    2000-11-01

    This report gives a synthetic overview of the procedure and the main results of the GRNC (Nord-Cotentin Radioecology Group), and lessons that can be drawn from it. In particular, it is intended to demonstrate the innovation of the pluralist approach adopted by summarizing its historic context and differences with the similar experiment carried out in the United Kingdom for the Sellafield nuclear site 1. It also presents the different steps in the evaluation of exposures and risks associated with ionising radiation. Finally, it emphasizes prospects opened as a result of the Group's experiment on the involvement of stakeholders in the evaluation and management of radiological risk. This final aspect could open up new means of ''preventively'' dealing with questions related to risks to health and the environment inherent to industrial activities. (A.L.B.)

  11. NEWS FROM THE ANNUAL CONGRESS OF EUROPEAN SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY (BARCELONA 2014: REALIZED AND UNREALIZED EXPECTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Y. Martsevich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available News from Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (Barcelona, 2014 is highlighted. Results of recent controlled clinical trials, new clinical recommendations and registers data that were presented at the Congress are discussed.

  12. NEWS FROM THE ANNUAL CONGRESS OF EUROPEAN SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY (BARCELONA 2014: REALIZED AND UNREALIZED EXPECTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Y. Martsevich

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available News from Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (Barcelona, 2014 is highlighted. Results of recent controlled clinical trials, new clinical recommendations and registers data that were presented at the Congress are discussed.

  13. HISTORIC CENTRE(S OF BARCELONA: PRACTICAL AND SYMBOLIC ELEMENTS IN TRADITIONAL URBAN SPACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Martínez Robles

    2007-09-01

    The model of compact city that Barcelona aims, has required the renewal of its historical areas, and in order to improve their level of centrality, taking into account, that in addition of its historical centre “Ciutat Vella”, Barcelona contains diverse traditional neighborhoods each of them having their own historical centre. The difference centre‐periphery should also be perceived among these other historical centers. Integration should not be confused with standardization, neither differentiation with segregation.

  14. The Bernades herbarium in the Botanic Institute of Barcelona (BC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibáñez, N.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The BC-Bernades herbarium is one of the oldest collections conserved in the Botanical Institute of Barcelona. It contains part of the field collections of Miquel Bernades i Mainader and Miquel Bernades i Clarís, doctors of medicine and botanists of Catalonian origin living in Madrid in the 18th century. The collection consists of 817 sheets, the complete list provided in the annexe. We also present information concerning the localities of certain specific recollections, the taxonomic groups and families, as well as a list of sheets of special interest. This list contains witness of cornfield weed now very rare or extinct in Iberian lands, such as Hymenocarpos circinatus (L. Savi or Securigera securidaca (L. Degen & Dörfl , and also some of the first witness known from Spain of introduced plants, such as Aster cordifolius L. or Bidens bipinnata L.

    [es] El herbario BC-Bernades es una de las colecciones más antiguas conservadas en el Instituto Botánico de Barcelona. Contiene parte de las recolecciones de Miquel Bernades y Mainader y Miquel Bernades y Clarís, médicos y botánicos catalanes del siglo XVIII establecidos en Madrid. Consta de 817 pliegos, la relación de los cuales presentamos en un anexo. También mostramos datos sobre las localidades de recolección, grupos taxonómicos y familias presentes, y una relación de pliegos de interés. Entre estos aparecen testimonios de plantas arvenses extinguidas o muy raras en tierras ibéricas como Hymenocarpos circinatus (L. Savi o Securigera securidaca (L. Degen & Dörfl , y también algunos de los primeros testimonios conocidos en España de plantas introducidas como Aster cordifolius L. o Bidens bipinnata L. [ct] L’herbari BC-Bernades és una de les col·leccions més antigues de les conservades a l’Institut Botànic de Barcelona. Conté part de les recol·leccions de Miquel Bernades i Mainader i Miquel Bernades

  15. Modeling and forecasting electricity price jumps in the Nord Pool power market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knapik, Oskar

    extreme prices and forecasting of the price jumps is crucial for risk management and market design. In this paper, we consider the problem of the impact of fundamental price drivers on forecasting of price jumps in NordPool intraday market. We develop categorical time series models which take into account......For risk management traders in the electricity market are mainly interested in the risk of negative (drops) or of positive (spikes) price jumps, i.e. the sellers face the risk of negative price jumps while the buyers face the risk of positive price jumps. Understanding the mechanism that drive...

  16. Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis les soulèvements de 2011, la région connaît des changements sans précédent. Cela a entraîné une croissance inégale, une vulnérabilité économique, une démocratie fragile et un taux de chômage élevé, en particulier chez les femmes et les jeunes. Au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord, les économies ...

  17. Highlights from the CERN/ESO/NordForsk ''Gender in Physics Day''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primas, F.; Guinot, G.; Strandberg, L.

    2017-03-01

    In their role as observers on the EU Gender Equality Network in the European Research Area (GENERA) project, funded under the Horizon 2020 framework, CERN, ESO and NordForsk joined forces and organised a Gender in Physics Day at the CERN Globe of Science and Innovation. The one-day conference aimed to examine innovative activities promoting gender equality, and to discuss gender-oriented policies and best practice in the European Research Area (with special emphasis on intergovernmental organisations), as well as the importance of building solid networks. The event was very well attended and was declared a success. The main highlights of the meeting are reported.

  18. NKS NordDSS - report from workshop on the use of Decision Support Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyve, J.E. (Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway))

    2010-03-15

    Nuclear preparedness and response authorities in the Nordic countries are using decision support systems (DSS) as part of their operational capability. A DSS compile, display and analyse data that makes up the current and future radiological state of an emergency. ARGOS and RODOS are the two most common systems in use in the Nordic region. The aim of of the NordDSS workshop was to gather Nordic and international experts on DSS, and share knowledge and experience. The workshop brought together 22 experts for two days in Copenhagen. (author)

  19. Nonlocal relativistic diffusion (NoRD) model of cosmic ray propagation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uchaikin, V V; Sibatov, R T

    2017-01-01

    The problem of physical interpretation of the nonlocal relativistic diffusion (NoRD model) for cosmic ray transport in the Galaxy is discussed. The model accounts for the turbulent character of the interstellar medium and the relativistic principle of the speed limitation. Involving fractional calculus and non-Gaussian Lévy statistics yields numerical results compatible with observation data. A special attention is paid to the knee problem. The relativistic speed limit requirement steepens theoretical background spectrum at certain energies, and the position of the break, its sharpness and slopes of asymptotes depend on D α ( E ) and α . (paper)

  20. NKS NordDSS - report from workshop on the use of Decision Support Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dyve, J.E.

    2010-03-01

    Nuclear preparedness and response authorities in the Nordic countries are using decision support systems (DSS) as part of their operational capability. A DSS compile, display and analyse data that makes up the current and future radiological state of an emergency. ARGOS and RODOS are the two most common systems in use in the Nordic region. The aim of of the NordDSS workshop was to gather Nordic and international experts on DSS, and share knowledge and experience. The workshop brought together 22 experts for two days in Copenhagen. (author)

  1. Baisse de la transmission de la douve du foie dans le nord-est de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    mortelle de cancer du foie liée à l'O. viverrini. Dans cer- taines régions, près de 85 % de la population est porteuse du parasite. Les villages du nord-est de la Thaïlande, où l'on raffole du poisson cru, ont des taux d'infection parmi les plus élevés du pays. Les personnes infectées peuvent porter le parasite adulte pendant ...

  2. Karst et ressources en eau au moyen Atlas nord-oriental

    OpenAIRE

    Taous, Ali; Tribak, Abdellatif; Obda, Khalid; Baena Escudero, Rafael; López Lara, Enrique Javier; Miranda Bonilla, Jose

    2009-01-01

    Le Moyen Atlas nord-oriental se caractérise par des paysages kartisques hérités et actuels très diversifiés. En fait, les roches carbonatées du Jurassique, bien représentées dans cette région montagneuse, ont subi une karstification ancienne, depuis la fin du Tertiaire et au cours du Quaternaire. Actuallement, la karstogenèse est encore active en raison des conditions géologiques, morphostructurales et bioclimatiques favorables: couches de roches carbonatées inclinées et plissées, climat médi...

  3. Trabajo sexual en Barcelona. Sobre la gestión municipal del espacio público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Vartabedian

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author will reflect on the management of public spaces in Barcelona through the case of sex work. The different ways that the Barcelona City Council has promoted the control and restriction of the free exercise of street sex work will be discussed. Recognising that the spaces are not fully accessible to everyone, the model of "civility" that Barcelona plans to implement will be explained. As a result of former zoning practices, there is a political will to make this activity "invisible", which perpetuates the vulnerability of sex workers themselves. En este artículo la autora reflexionará sobre la gestión del espacio público en Barcelona a través del caso del trabajo sexual. Se analizarán las distintas modalidades que el Ayuntamiento de Barcelona ha promovido para, en definitiva, controlar y restringir el libre ejercicio del trabajo sexual callejero. Partiendo del reconocimiento que los espacios no son plenamente accesibles para todas y todos, se explicará el modelo de “civismo” que Barcelona pretende implementar. Mediante antiguas prácticas de zonificación, se observa una voluntad política de invisibilizar esta actividad al mismo tiempo que se perpetúa la vulnerabilidad de las propias trabajadoras.Download this paper from SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1953623

  4. Bon Pastor (Barcelona un territori en construcció

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Salas Ramos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available L'article desenvolupa alguns dels aspectes de la tesi doctoral de l'autor (Sales, 2015. Es planteja una anàlisi de l'evolució del territori en el qual es troba el barri del Bon Pastor (Barcelona, posant l'accent en l'entorn construït. Per a això, la narrativa històrica es complementa amb documentació gràfica, part d'ella a partir dels diversos tallers de participació que l'autor ha desenvolupat i continua desenvolupant-se en aquest barri, en cooperació amb l'Associació de Veïns i l'Ajuntament de Barcelona (Districte de Sant Andreu amb l'objectiu de desenvolupar intervencions en l'espai públic de la zona en relació amb la preservació de la memòria cívica de Bon Pastor i en el context d'avançar en els processos de governaza urbana basada en la participació creativa dels veïns  Alhora s'organitzaven els primers processos participatius, vam començar a documentar la història de Bon Pastor. També a fer rutes pel barri per veure les seves característiques urbanes actuals i recopilar informació sobre els plans urbanístics vigents. Els següents paràgrafs són una síntesi del relat literari de la història de Bon Pastor i les seves principals característiques urbanes. Com va succeir amb Baró de Viver, és un relat que s'haurà d'anar completant a mesura que es desenvolupin els diferents processos participatius amb els relats de les vivències de la població, així com la diferent documentació que ens puguin aportar

  5. Comparative study of air quality by the North Sea and Baltic Sea; Vergleichsuntersuchungen der Luftqualitaet an Nord- und Ostsee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriske, H.J.; Turowski, E.; Klar, A.; Schoendube, M.; Ebert, G.; Konieczny, L. [Umweltbundesamt, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene

    2000-01-01

    Air quality measurements were carried out in the North Sea and Baltic Sea regions. The results are summarized in this contribution from the hygienic view. [German] Im Rahmen eines Forschungsprojektes des Umweltbundesamtes, das zwischen 1996 und 1998 mit dem Titel 'Erfassung gasfoermiger und partikelfoermiger Bestandteile der Umgebungsluft an Nord- und Ostsee - Untersuchungen zur hygienischen Bedeutung des maritimen Aerosols' durchgefuehrt wurde, sollte die Frage unterschiedlicher Luftqualitaet an Nord- und Ostsee beantwortet werden und eine aktuelle Bestandsaufnahme vorgenommen werden. Der Artikel fasst die Forschungsergebnisse aus hygienischer Sicht zusammen. (orig./SR)

  6. Chlorinated organic pesticides in marketed food: Barcelona, 2001-06

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fontcuberta, M.; Arques, J.F.; Villalbi, J.R.; Martinez, M.; Centrich, F.; Serrahima, E.; Pineda, L.; Duran, J.; Casas, C.

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports concentration levels of 22 chlorinated organic compounds (both primary compounds and metabolites) in food marketed in the city of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) in 2001-06. Samples included meat products, fish and seafood, eggs, milk and dairy, vegetal oils, cereal products and derivates, vegetables, fresh fruits, dry fruits, spices, formula and baby food, tea and wine. Levels of chlorinated organic compounds were determined by gas chromatography with selective detectors: electron capture (ECD), flame photometric (FPD) and confirmation with mass-spectrometry. Chlorinated organic pesticides were detected in 7 of the 1,484 samples analyzed in the 2001-06 period (0.5%): 1 dairy product, 1 fruit, 1 olive oil and 4 vegetables. Specific pesticides detected are lindane and endosulfan α, β or sulphate. A decrease in both the proportion of samples with detectable residues and in the variety of chlorinated pesticides found is visible when comparing these results with those of the previous 1989-2000 period. These results suggest the gradual disappearance of regulated chlorinated organic pesticides as a consequence of the growing worldwide implementation of current regulatory agreements

  7. Ciudadanos del este de Europa consumidores de drogas en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde mayo de 1999 hasta mayo de 2001, hemos contactado en el SAPS (Servicio de Atención Social y Sanitaria de Barcelona con usuarios de drogas de países del este de Europa. Acuden a centros terapéuticos gratuitos, aunque pagan por la organización del viaje unos 500 euros. Son jóvenes entre 18 y 30 años y mantienen el contacto con sus familiares. Conocen los riesgos de transmisión de enfermedades, pero suelen reutilizar las jeringas. Es alta la prevalencia de hepatitis C (92% y B (62% y menor la de infección por el VIH (19%. Si no abandonan las drogas, el retorno es un fracaso y tienen dificultades para proseguir los tratamientos con metadona o antirretrovirales. La respuesta asistencial ha de adecuarse a sus necesidades. Se debe procurar la mediación cultural y la información en los lugares de origen, supervisar los centros terapéuticos y diseñar alternativas a los abandonos. Hay que desarrollar la colaboración internacional, estimular programas de disminución de riesgos derivados del consumo y evitar que del tratamiento se haga un comercio.

  8. Ciudadanos del este de Europa consumidores de drogas en Barcelona Injecting drug users from Eastern Europe in Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. González

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde mayo de 1999 hasta mayo de 2001, hemos contactado en el SAPS (Servicio de Atención Social y Sanitaria de Barcelona con usuarios de drogas de países del este de Europa. Acuden a centros terapéuticos gratuitos, aunque pagan por la organización del viaje unos 500 euros. Son jóvenes entre 18 y 30 años y mantienen el contacto con sus familiares. Conocen los riesgos de transmisión de enfermedades, pero suelen reutilizar las jeringas. Es alta la prevalencia de hepatitis C (92% y B (62% y menor la de infección por el VIH (19%. Si no abandonan las drogas, el retorno es un fracaso y tienen dificultades para proseguir los tratamientos con metadona o antirretrovirales. La respuesta asistencial ha de adecuarse a sus necesidades. Se debe procurar la mediación cultural y la información en los lugares de origen, supervisar los centros terapéuticos y diseñar alternativas a los abandonos. Hay que desarrollar la colaboración internacional, estimular programas de disminución de riesgos derivados del consumo y evitar que del tratamiento se haga un comercio.From May 1999 to May 2001, we made contact with injecting drug users from Eastern Europe in the healthcare and prevention service of the Red Cross (servicio de atención y prevención sociosanitaria [SAPS] in Barcelona (Spain. The users attended free therapeutic centers, but paid approximately 500 € for the trip. The users were aged between 18 and 30 years old and maintained family contact. The knew the risk of disease transmission, but often exchanged needles. The prevalence of hepatitis C (92% and B (62% was high but less than that of HIV (19%. If they did not stop taking drugs their return would be a failure and they would have difficulties in following methadone and antiretroviral treatments in their countries of origin. The healthcare provided in these centers should respond to user' needs: cultural mediation should be sought, as well as information from users' countries of origin

  9. Interfaces et reconfigurations de la question Nord/Sud en Corée.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Gelézeau

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available S’appuyant sur un travail pluridisciplinaire autour de la notion d’interface, l’article propose de nouvelles perspectives d’analyse de la question Nord/Sud en Corée en considérant la partition entre Corée du Nord et Corée du Sud non plus comme un simple contexte géopolitique mais comme une matrice structurante des deux sociétés. Trois grands types d’interfaces entre les deux Corées sont identifiés et analysés à travers plusieurs études de cas : les interfaces spatiales (la frontière inter-coréenne, la frontière sino-nord-coréenne, ou encore les enclaves économiques développées au Nord par la Corée du Sud, les interfaces sociales (la communauté des Nord-Coréens au Sud, les élites sud-coréennes originaires du Nord, ou les échanges culturels nés de l’introduction au Sud de la peinture nord-coréenne, les interfaces narratives renvoyant aux discours que chaque Corée construit sur l’Autre, que ce soient les discours officiels (manuels scolaires, agences de presse ou ceux de la fiction (cinéma. Prolongeant le travail des géographes sur la notion, l’article s’efforce de mieux décrire la géométrie du système que constitue une interface (multiplicité des plans et des niveaux de contacts, jeu des synapses et des interstices, prégnance des enclaves non seulement sur le plan spatial mais aussi sur les plans social et narratif et de reconsidérer l’extraordinaire complexité de la culture coréenne contemporaine. Malgré les divergences de vues sur l’existence même d’une interface entre les deux Corées, l’article conclut que l’usage de ce concept a contribué à mettre en évidence la prégnance de cette division au cœur des deux Corées, à tous les niveaux de la sphère sociale et jusque dans le discours des études coréennes. En exposant les frontières divisant les discours et les savoirs sur la péninsule selon un paradigme bipolaire, le concept d’interface a pu permettre de

  10. Nord Stream on väljakutse kodanikuühiskonnale / Tarmo Soomere ; üles kirjutanud Juune Holvandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomere, Tarmo, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Gaasijuhe Nord Stream läbi Läänemere Venemaalt Saksamaale ei tähenda ainult kasulikku äritehingut. Küsimus on ennekõike ohutust keskkonnast ja sellest, et riigid peavad kaaluma ka seda, mida järeltulevad põlved asjast arvavad. Akadeemik Tarmo Soomere selgitab rahvusvahelistesse vetesse rajatava gaasijuhtme temaatikat.

  11. The effects of hot nights on mortality in Barcelona, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royé, D.

    2017-12-01

    Heat-related effects on mortality have been widely analyzed using maximum and minimum temperatures as exposure variables. Nevertheless, the main focus is usually on the former with the minimum temperature being limited in use as far as human health effects are concerned. Therefore, new thermal indices were used in this research to describe the duration of night hours with air temperatures higher than the 95% percentile of the minimum temperature (hot night hours) and intensity as the summation of these air temperatures in degrees (hot night degrees). An exposure-response relationship between mortality due to natural, respiratory, and cardiovascular causes and summer night temperatures was assessed using data from the Barcelona region between 2003 and 2013. The non-linear relationship between the exposure and response variables was modeled using a distributed lag non-linear model. The estimated associations for both exposure variables and mortality shows a relationship with high and medium values that persist significantly up to a lag of 1-2 days. In mortality due to natural causes, an increase of 1.1% per 10% (CI95% 0.6-1.5) for hot night hours and 5.8% per each 10° (CI95% 3.5-8.2%) for hot night degrees is observed. The effects of hot night hours reach their maximum with 100% and lead to an increase by 9.2% (CI95% 5.3-13.1%). The hourly description of night heat effects reduced to a single indicator in duration and intensity is a new approach and shows a different perspective and significant heat-related effects on human health.

  12. French validation of the Barcelona Music Reward Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Saliba

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background. The Barcelona Music Reward Questionnaire (BMRQ questionnaire investigates the main facets of music experience that could explain the variance observed in how people experience reward associated with music. Currently, only English and Spanish versions of this questionnaire are available. The objective of this study is to validate a French version of the BMRQ. Methods. The original BMRQ was translated and adapted into an international French version. The questionnaire was then administered through an online survey aimed at adults aged over 18 years who were fluent in French. Statistical analyses were performed and compared to the original English and Spanish version for validation purposes. Results. A total of 1,027 participants completed the questionnaire. Most responses were obtained from France (89.4%. Analyses revealed that congruence values between the rotated loading matrix and the ideal loading matrix ranged between 0.88 and 0.96. Factor reliabilities of subscales (i.e., Musical Seeking, Emotion Evocation, Mood Regulation, Social Reward and Sensory-Motor also ranged between 0.88 and 0.96. In addition, reliability of the overall factor score (i.e., Music reward was 0.91. Finally, the internal consistency of the overall scale was 0.85. The factorial structure obtained in the French translation was similar to that of the original Spanish and English samples. Conclusion. The French version of the BMRQ appears valid and reliable. Potential applications of the BMRQ include its use as a valuable tool in music reward and emotion research, whether in healthy individuals or in patients suffering from a wide variety of cognitive, neurologic and auditory disorders.

  13. Kreative Nord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse; Nielsen, Christian; Kanstrup, Anne Marie

    Når man tidligere har talt om de kreative og innovative erhverv, har det ofte været med et klart fokus på kunst og kunsthåndværk. The Work Foundation og the European Competitiveness Report sætter i stedet fokus på, at der skal satses på de nye kreative og innovative brancher. En tilgang som også ...... erhverv. Med denne rapport argumenteres der for, at de kreative og innovative erhverv kan defineres tydeligt med en egen nordjysk vinkel og med særegne karakteristika; herunder en relativ grad af digitalisering og teknologisering, samt ikke stedbunde output og markeder....

  14. The Barcelona agreement: a manifesto towards the spearfishing of the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerio Sbragaglia

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Spearfishing Association of Barcelona (APS recently celebrated its 70th anniversary and decided to write a manifesto called: “The Barcelona Agreement: A Manifesto Towards the Spearfishing of the Future”. The Manifesto was discussed and approved during a round table at the Maritime Museum of Barcelona on 27 February 2016, in which delegates of several stakeholders took part. The Agreement is a revision of the most important points that the authors consider to be fundamental for a sustainable development of spearfishing in the future. The authors expect that this manifesto will be a starting point for a constructive discussion to increase knowledge, efficient practice and effective management of spearfishing.

  15. Final report from the NKS NordThreat seminar in Asker, Norway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eikelmann, I.M.H.; Selnaes, Oe.G.

    2009-11-01

    Changes in the international security environment have lead to an increased attention towards the need to revise various threat assessments in the Nordic countries. Together with recent events such as incidents at Nordic nuclear power plants, orphan sources and accidents involving nuclear powered vessels, this has given a good opportunity for an exchange of information and opinions. The NKS-B NordThreat seminar took place at Sem gjestegaerd in Asker outside Oslo, Norway on 30 - 31 October 2008. Main topics in the seminar were: 1) National threat assessments 2) Potential hazards 3) Experience from previous incidents 4) Public perception of nuclear and radiological threats and information challenges 5) Challenges for future preparedness. There were about 40 participants at the seminar. These were mainly members of the NKS organisations, invited speakers and representatives from various Norwegian emergency preparedness organisations. (author)

  16. L’AMANT DE LA CHINE DU NORD, BY MARGUERITE DURAS: BOOK, FILM, NIGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Correa Paraiso Müller

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Na trajetória artística de Marguerite Duras, a relação entre cinema e literatura não se limita à passagem do texto à tela, mas compreende também o caminho inverso, da tela ao texto. Mais do que transformar filmes em livros, Duras fez literatura em diálogo com o cinema. No presente artigo, temos por objetivo analisar a maneira pela qual a linguagem cinematográfica perpassa a linguagem literária e vice-versa em L’Amant de la Chine du Nord (1991, texto que, embora chamado de romance por sua própria autora, organiza-se a partir de elementos próprios a um paratexto fílmico.

  17. FRAMES – oversvømmelseshåndtering i Nordsøregionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Mie; Andersen, Kaiija J.; Sørensen, Carlo Sass

    2017-01-01

    alternativer til den klassiske oversvømmelses-beskyttelse, der er både bekostelig og pladskrævende. Nogle alternativer, der fremkommer gennem konceptet Multi-Layer Safety (MLS) er forebyggelse, mitigation gennem fysisk planlægning og genopretning af ramte områder. Vi præsenterer EU Interreg North Sea Region......-projektet ’Flood Resilient Areas by Multi-layEred Safety’ (FRAMES), 2016-2019, der anvender dette koncept som udgangspunkt til at håndtere oversvømmelse og klimaændringer i nordsøregionen. Gennem FRAMES undersøger partnerne, hvordan lokalsamfund og kommuner arbejder med og håndterer en oversvømmelseshændelse før...

  18. Common long-range dependence in a panel of hourly Nord Pool electricity prices and loads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ergemen, Yunus Emre; Haldrup, Niels; Rodríguez-Caballero, Carlos Vladimir

    to strong seasonal periodicity, and along the cross-sectional dimension, i.e. the hours of the day, there is a strong dependence which necessarily has to be accounted for in order to avoid spurious inference when focusing on the time series dependence alone. The long-range dependence is modelled in terms...... of a fractionally integrated panel data model and it is shown that both prices and loads consist of common factors with long memory and with loadings that vary considerably during the day. Due to the competitiveness of the Nordic power market the aggregate supply curve approximates well the marginal costs...... data approaches to analyse the time series and the cross-sectional dependence of hourly Nord Pool electricity spot prices and loads for the period 2000-2013. Hourly electricity prices and loads data are characterized by strong serial long-range dependence in the time series dimension in addition...

  19. The relationship between spot and futures prices in the Nord Pool electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Botterud, Audun; Kristiansen, Tarjei; Ilic, Marija D.

    2010-01-01

    We analyze 11 years of historical spot- and futures prices from the hydro-dominated Nord Pool electricity market. We find that futures prices tend to be higher than spot prices. The average convenience yield is therefore negative, but varies by season and depends on the storage levels in hydro reservoirs. The average realized return on holding a long position in the futures market is also negative. The negative convenience yield and risk premium contrast empirical findings in most other commodity markets. We argue that differences between the supply and demand sides in terms of risk preferences and the ability to take advantage of short-term price variations can contribute to explain the observed relationship between spot- and futures prices. In addition, our analysis shows that the relationship between spot and futures prices is clearly linked to the physical state of the system, such as hydro inflow, reservoir levels, and demand. (author)

  20. Final report from the NKS NordThreat seminar in Asker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eikelmann, I M.H.; Selnaes, OE G [eds.; Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway)

    2009-11-15

    Changes in the international security environment have lead to an increased attention towards the need to revise various threat assessments in the Nordic countries. Together with recent events such as incidents at Nordic nuclear power plants, orphan sources and accidents involving nuclear powered vessels, this has given a good opportunity for an exchange of information and opinions. The NKS-B NordThreat seminar took place at Sem gjestegaard in Asker outside Oslo, Norway on 30 - 31 October 2008. Main topics in the seminar were: 1) National threat assessments 2) Potential hazards 3) Experience from previous incidents 4) Public perception of nuclear and radiological threats and information challenges 5) Challenges for future preparedness. There were about 40 participants at the seminar. These were mainly members of the NKS organisations, invited speakers and representatives from various Norwegian emergency preparedness organisations. (author)

  1. Nord-Cotentin radioecology group: an innovative experiment in pluralist expertise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lochard, J.; Schneider, T.; Crouail, P.; Heriard-Dubreuil, G.; Gadbois, S.; Oudiz, A.

    2000-11-01

    This report gives a synthetic overview of the procedure and the main results of the GRNC (Nord-Cotentin Radioecology Group), and lessons that can be drawn from it. In particular, it is intended to demonstrate the innovation of the pluralist approach adopted by summarizing its historic context and differences with the similar experiment carried out in the United Kingdom for the Sellafield nuclear site 1. It also presents the different steps in the evaluation of exposures and risks associated with ionising radiation. Finally, it emphasizes prospects opened as a result of the Group's experiment on the involvement of stakeholders in the evaluation and management of radiological risk. This final aspect could open up new means of ''preventively'' dealing with questions related to risks to health and the environment inherent to industrial activities. (A.L.B.)

  2. The Nordic power exchange Nord pool and the Nordic model for a liberalised power market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Houmoller, A. P.

    2000-01-01

    As the first countries in the world, the Nordic countries Norway, Sweden, Finland and denmark have established a common, multinational power exchange. By means of this common power exchange, these countries also have established a common power market. this is also the first - and for the time being - the only place in the world, where you can find a multinational, truly competitive power market. This Nordic model has attracted much interest from other countries in Europe, Asia, North America and South America. The presentation will explain, how the common power exchange makes it possible for the four countries and the five system operators in Scandinavia physically and financially to operate a common, multinational, competitive power market. The presentation will explain how this systems works in the Nordic countries by discussion the following items: - The non-commercial players: The Transmission System Operators and the local grid operators; - The market players: the producers, the retailers, the traders, the brokers and the end users; - The access to the grid: The point tariff system; - The fairness towards the market players and the security of supply: The balancing power and the regulating power; - The power exchange handles bottlenecks in the grid. The presentation will explain how this is done and will demonstrate how this gives the power market a bottleneck handing method which:- Is neutral and fair towards all the market players, - Ensures that all the capacity of any bottleneck is utilised during every hour of operation, - Is extremely easy to use for the Transmission System Operators - also if the bottleneck is cross-border bottleneck; - The Nord Pool spot market Elspot; - The Nord Pool futures market Eltermin; - Area prices; - How financial contracts replace physical contracts when the power market is liberalised; - The day-to-day market and the market for long-term contracts in a liberalised power market; - How to eliminate the c ounter party risk

  3. NordREG report on the price peaks in the Nordic wholesale market during winter 2009-2010. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-01-15

    In winter 2009-2010, prices peaked on three days. The high prices that were experienced in the majority of the Nord Pool Spot price areas initiated a study on the reasons that led to the price spikes and on the possible measures to develop the Nordic market arrangements to avoid such situations in the future. The analysis of the winter 2009-2010 events revealed that there were a number of primary causes for the occurrence of the price peaks and no single individual cause could be pinpointed to bear the key responsibility. The fact that the weather was cold all over the Nordic area in conjunction with the low availability for the Swedish nuclear generation capacity, however, could be indicated as the key underlying causes. The analysis also showed that the way the Nordic transmission capacity is allocated can be listed as an additional factor complementing to the occurrence of the price peaks. Thus, NordREG concluded that a review of the methods of calculating and allocating transmission capacity for the market should be carried out. As a part of this, an analysis that addresses the delimitation of bidding areas and maintenance planning of the transmission network infrastructure should be prepared as well. The flexibility on the demand side has not been very large in the Nordic region. However, the background study prepared by Gaia Consulting showed that even small degree of increased price elasticity could substantially cut the price peaks. This could be seen as an improvement potential of the trading system reflecting the present inability of the market participants to react on the price signals the market place provides. Therefore, NordREG sees that facilitating the appearance of a real price elastic behaviour of the users of electricity can be regarded as one of the key fixes for the problem. Furthermore, NordREG proposes that a consultancy study on how to promote demand flexibility in the Nordic market in a coherent way should be prepared. A further area for

  4. Tourism Planning and Tourismphobia: An Analysis of the Strategic Tourism Plan of Barcelona 2010-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Martins

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The exponential growth of tourism has brought new challenges to destinations; how to plan themselves to avoid overtourism and this new form of intolerance, the so-called tourismphobia. In order to address the negative impacts of tourism and enhance the positive ones Barcelona has developed and implemented a strategic tourism plan. This paper seeks to understand how Barcelona addressed the tourismphobia problematic through planning: how it was done and which results were achieved in the end. This research reveals a clear gap between the planner’s intention and the plan’s implementation.

  5. Air quality in schools and children's exposure to particulate pollution in Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Rivas Lara, Ioar

    2015-01-01

    L'exposició als contaminants atmosfèrics s'ha relacionat amb efectes negatius a la salut i els infants constitueixen un subgrup de la població particularment vulnerable. Es determinà la qualitat de l'aire a l'interior i exterior de 39 escoles de Barcelona i Sant Cugat del Vallès. El mateixos contaminants mesurats a les escoles també es monitoritzaren a una estació de fons urbà a Barcelona (UB-PR). Les concentracions de carboni negre equivalent (EBC), NO2 i partícules ultrafines (UFP) mostrare...

  6. La Cultura mediterránea en los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona'92

    OpenAIRE

    Moragas Spà, Miquel de,

    1993-01-01

    En este artículo publicado en la revista INCOM, se describe y analiza la presencia de elementos mediterráneos en las ceremonias de los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona'92. Dans cet article publié dans la revue INCOM, il est décrit et analyse la présence d'éléments méditerranéens dans les cérémonies des Jeux Olympiques de Barcelona'92.

  7. Ildefonso Cerdà and the development of gas in Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Arroyo Huguet, Mercedes

    2007-01-01

    Este artículo explica las hasta ahora escasamente conocidas actuaciones del Ingeniero de Caminos Ildefonso Cerdà en la instalación del gas en Barcelona. Desde su puesto como concejal primero y como síndico más tarde en el ayuntamiento de Barcelona y por su amistad con el promotor francés Charles Lebon, Cerdà tuvo oportunidad de marcar algunas políticas administrativas tendentes a evitar el monopolio sobre un proceso unitario de producción, distribución y consumo de un artículo, el gas, que p...

  8. Cosas de mujeres: familias monoparentales dominicanas en Barcelona y Nueva York Women’s issues: Dominican single-parent families in Barcelona and New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalina Alcalde

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Numerosos estudios a escala internacional y española avalan en la actualidad el riesgo de pobreza que presentan los hogares monoparentales encabezados por mujeres en las sociedades contemporáneas desarrolladas. Este artículo recoge  algunos de los principales resultados de sendas investigaciones llevadas a cabo en las ciudades de Barcelona y Nueva York sobre la incidencia de estas formas de hogar entre las mujeres inmigrantes, focalizando el análisis en las mujeres dominicanas.Several international and Spanish studies have shown that one-parent families are at considerable risk of poverty in contemporary and developed societies, particularly when the mother is the head, which is usually the case. This paper  provides the main results of some research carried out in Barcelona and New York about one-parent families and immigrant women, with particular emphasis on Dominican women.

  9. Study of compost maturity produced in the composting plant in Granollers (Barcelona, Spain); Estudio de la madurez del compost producido en la planta de compostaje de Granollers (Barcelona)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diez Fontanet, E.; Alba Munoz, G.; Aguilera Riba, F.; Sanchez Ferrer, A.

    2000-07-01

    The following article presents the determination of important parameters, which have been traditionally used in the evaluation of the compost maturity. Compost from a tunnel plant placed in Granollers (Barcelona) has been chosen during the maturation stage. The results showed that self-heating test and organic material content are the most significant maturity indexes, whereas Solvita differed from the rest of analysis. Other important parameters, such as ion exchange capacity, water content, conductivity and pH were also determined. (Author)

  10. Storm water detention tanks in Barcelona; Los depositos de retencion de aguas pluviales de Barcelona: un nuevo enfoque en la lucha contra las inundaciones y la proteccion medioambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pere Malgrat i Bregolat, P.; Verdejo, J. M.; Vilalta i Cambra, A.

    2004-07-01

    Storm water detention tanks are being implemented at first as a solution to the urban flooding problem and afterwards a second function was added to reduce the pollution of the sewerage waters before its overflow to the receiving bodies because these spills can contribute with up to 50% of the total pollution spilled. These solutions are often cheaper and have less impact on the urban activities than the classical solutions such as trunk sewers. In Spain, Barcelona was the first city to build this tanks to avoid flooding and also to reduce the contamination to the receiving waters, with a total volume of 492.200 m''3, operated by Clavegueram de Barcelona (Clabsa). These works have meant a big improvement in the management of the wet weather flows in Barcelona. These tanks have increased the capacity of the sewerage system and decreased the combined sewer overflows to the receiving waters (Besos river and Mediterranean sea). Another advantage is the protection of WWTP against flow variations. The environmental improvement achieved with the tanks is so hug that can even reduce the contamination spilled to the receiving waters around 30% and avoid the destruction of some ecosystems. Also, the contaminated sediments trapped in the detention tank are sen to to the WWTP so the don't reach the receiving waters. Also. the urban space close to the relieving waters are becoming more appreciated for leisure so the recovery and protection of these waters is a must. (Author)

  11. Source apportionment of particles at Station Nord, North East Greenland during 2008–2010 using COPREM and PMF analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Quynh; Skov, Henrik; Sørensen, Lise Lotte

    2013-01-01

    In order to develop strategies for controlling and reducing Arctic air pollution, there is a need to understand the basic mechanisms for determining the fate of air pollution in the Arctic. Sources of atmospheric particles at Station Nord (81° 36' N, 16° 40' W) in North East Greenland were...... evaluated for a two-year period from March 2008 to February 2010. Source apportionment using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and COnstrained Physical REceptor Model (COPREM) was based on measurements of black carbon, elements (Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr...... origins. Another anthropogenic source was characterised by high concentrations of Pb and As, which has been historically referred to as a Combustion source at Station Nord. The impacts of large-scale industry in Siberia, Russia were evident through high Cu concentrations in both the Combustion source...

  12. Spatial variability of trace elements and sources for improved exposure assessment in Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cruz Minguillon, Maria; Cirach, Marta; Hoek, Gerard; Brunekreef, Bert; Tsai, Ming; de Hoogh, Kees; Jedynska, Aleksandra; Kooter, Ingeborg M.; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Querol, Xavier

    Trace and major elements concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 were measured at 20 sites spread in the Barcelona metropolitan area (1 rural background, 6 urban background, 13 road traffic sites) and at 1 reference site. Three 2-week samples per site and size fraction were collected during 2009 using low

  13. Spatial variability of trace elements and sources for improved exposure assessment in Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minguillón, M.C.; Cirach, M.; Hoek, G.; Brunekreef, B.; Tsai, M.; Hoogh, K. de; Jedynska, A.; Kooter, I.M.; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.; Querol, X.

    2014-01-01

    Trace and major elements concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 were measured at 20 sites spread in the Barcelona metropolitan area (1 rural background, 6 urban background, 13 road traffic sites) and at 1 reference site. Three 2-week samples per site and size fraction were collected during 2009 using low

  14. Autoridad e imagen de la epidemia. La fiebre amarillean la Barcelona del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Ortiz García

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio es acercarse al contexto epidémico de Barcelona a lo largo del siglo XIX. De forma concreta, la investigación se centra en la fiebre amarilla sufrida en los años 1821 y 1870. El amplio abanico de referencias propone una mirada interdisciplinar sobre la medicina y las enfermedades en su marco histórico, artístico, social y religioso. ¿Qué reacción tuvieron los poderes municipales?, ¿Qué tipologías artísticas se desarrollaron durante y tras la infección deletérea en Barcelona? The aim of this study is an approach to the epidemic background in Barcelona during the XIX century. Specifically, the research is focus on the yellow fever that was suffered en 1821 and 1870. e large spectrum of references proposes an interdisciplinary point of view about medicine and illnesses in an historic, artistic, social and religious context. How was the official reaction of the municipal powers? What kind of artistic productions were made during and after de epidemic infection in Barcelona?

  15. Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in cancer mortality in Barcelona: 1992–2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasarín M Isabel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to assess trends in cancer mortality by educational level in Barcelona from 1992 to 2003. Methods The study population comprised Barcelona inhabitants aged 20 years or older. Data on cancer deaths were supplied by the system of information on mortality. Educational level was obtained from the municipal census. Age-standardized rates by educational level were calculated. We also fitted Poisson regression models to estimate the relative index of inequality (RII and the Slope Index of Inequalities (SII. All were calculated for each sex and period (1992–1994, 1995–1997, 1998–2000, and 2001–2003. Results Cancer mortality was higher in men and women with lower educational level throughout the study period. Less-schooled men had higher mortality by stomach, mouth and pharynx, oesophagus, larynx and lung cancer. In women, there were educational inequalities for cervix uteri, liver and colon cancer. Inequalities of overall and specific types of cancer mortality remained stable in Barcelona; although a slight reduction was observed for some cancers. Conclusion This study has identified those cancer types presenting the greatest inequalities between men and women in recent years and shown that in Barcelona there is a stable trend in inequalities in the burden of cancer.

  16. Assessing Public Leadership Styles for Innovation: A Comparison of Copenhagen, Rotterdam and Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Ricard (Lykke Margot); E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans); J.M. Lewis (Jenny M.); T. Ysa (Tamyko)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractThis article explores which leadership qualities public managers regard as important for public innovation. It is based on a survey of 365 senior public managers in Copenhagen, Rotterdam and Barcelona. Five perspectives on leadership were identified and tested using a number of items.

  17. Online network organization of Barcelona en Comú, an emergent movement-party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragón, Pablo; Gallego, Helena; Laniado, David; Volkovich, Yana; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

    2017-01-01

    The emerging grassroots party Barcelona en Comú won the 2015 Barcelona City Council election. This candidacy was devised by activists involved in the Spanish 15M movement to transform citizen outrage into political change. On the one hand, the 15M movement was based on a decentralized structure. On the other hand, political science literature postulates that parties develop oligarchical leadership structures. This tension motivates to examine whether Barcelona en Comú preserved a decentralized structure or adopted a conventional centralized organization. In this study we develop a computational methodology to characterize the online network organization of every party in the election campaign on Twitter. Results on the network of retweets reveal that, while traditional parties are organized in a single cluster, for Barcelona en Comú two well-defined groups co-exist: a centralized cluster led by the candidate and party accounts, and a decentralized cluster with the movement activists. Furthermore, results on the network of replies also shows a dual structure: a cluster around the candidate receiving the largest attention from other parties, and another with the movement activists exhibiting a higher predisposition to dialogue with other parties.

  18. Schooling Effects on Undergraduate Performance: Evidence from the University of Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, Toni; Escardibul, Josep-Oriol

    2008-01-01

    This study analyzes the effects of several factors related to high school, such as the kind of school (public or private), the type of education (general or vocational), school location and peers on undergraduate performance from students of the University of Barcelona (Spain). Particular attention is given to the functional form and to the…

  19. Barcelona's water supply, 1867–1967 : the transition to a modern system

    OpenAIRE

    Guàrdia Bassols, Manuel; Rosselló i Nicolau, Maribel; Garriga Bosch, Sergi

    2013-01-01

    Barcelona's water supply since 14th century to 1867, the Eixample's water supply problem the development of modern water supply since 1867 to 1967 the new sanitation system impact on water consumption water's slow entry into the domestic sphere from post-war restrictions to widespread water consumption. Peer Reviewed

  20. Teaching and Learning in the Virtual Campus: The Case of the University of Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, Juana M. Sancho; Sanchez, Joan-Anton

    2012-01-01

    This article is based on a research project aimed at analysing the teaching and learning models explicit and implicit in the different uses of e-learning platforms. From qualitative analysis of the interview with the coordinator of the Virtual Campus of the University of Barcelona (VC-UB) and the focus group with the 8 lecturers, emerged both the…

  1. The Experience of Implementing Urban HEART Barcelona: a Tool for Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novoa, Ana M; Pérez, Glòria; Espelt, Albert; Echave, Cynthia; de Olalla, Patricia G; Calvo, M Jesús; Pasarín, Maribel; Diez, Èlia; Borrell, Carme; Calvo, M Jesús; Cormenzana, Berta; Cortés, Imma; Diez, Èlia; Echave, Cynthia; Espelt, Albert; de Olalla, Patrícia G; Gòmez, Josep; Novoa, Ana M; Pallarès, Montserrat; Pérez, Glòria; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica

    2017-10-16

    Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (HEART) is a tool developed by the World Health Organization whose objective is to provide evidence on urban health inequalities so as to help to decide the best interventions aimed to promote urban health equity. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of implementing Urban HEART in Barcelona city, both the adaptation of Urban HEART to the city of Barcelona, its use as a means of identifying and monitoring health inequalities among city neighbourhoods, and the difficulties and barriers encountered throughout the process. Although ASPB public health technicians participated in the Urban HEART Advisory Group, had large experience in health inequalities analysis and research and showed interest in implementing the tool, it was not until 2015, when the city council was governed by a new left-wing party for which reducing health inequalities was a priority that Urban HEART could be used. A provisional matrix was developed, including both health and health determinant indicators, which allowed to show how some neighbourhoods in the city systematically fare worse for most of the indicators while others systematically fare better. It also allowed to identify 18 neighbourhoods-those which fared worse in most indicators-which were considered a priority for intervention, which entered the Health in the Barcelona Neighbourhoods programme and the Neighbourhoods Plan. This provisional version was reviewed and improved by the Urban HEART Barcelona Working Group. Technicians with experience in public health and/or in indicator and database management were asked to indicate suitability and relevance from a list of potential indicators. The definitive Urban HEART Barcelona version included 15 indicators from the five Urban HEART domains and improved the previous version in several requirements. Several barriers were encountered, such as having to estimate indicators in scarcely populated areas or finding adequate

  2. Nature-based solutions for urban landscapes under post-industrialization and globalization: Barcelona versus Shanghai.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Peilei; Ouyang, Zutao; Basnou, Corina; Pino, Joan; Park, Hogeun; Chen, Jiquan

    2017-07-01

    Using Barcelona and Shanghai as case studies, we examined the nature-based solutions (NBS) in urban settings-specifically within cities experiencing post-industrialization and globalization. Our specific research questions are: (1) What are the spatiotemporal changes in urban built-up land and green space in Barcelona and Shanghai? (2) What are the relationships between economic development, exemplified by post-industrialization, globalization, and urban green space? Urban land use and green space change were evaluated using data derived from a variety of sources, including satellite images, landscape matrix indicators, and a land conversion matrix. The relationships between economic development, globalization, and environmental quality were analyzed through partial least squares structural equation modeling based on secondary statistical data. Both Barcelona and Shanghai have undergone rapid urbanization, with urban expansion in Barcelona beginning in the 1960s-1970s and in Shanghai in the last decade. While Barcelona's urban green space and green space per capita began declining between the 1950s and 1990s, they increased slightly over the past two decades. Shanghai, however, has consistently and significantly improved urban green space and green space per capita over the past six decades, especially since the economic reform in 1978. Economic development has a direct and significant influence on urban green space for both cities and post-industrialization had served as the main driving force for urban landscape change in Barcelona and Shanghai. Based on secondary statistical and qualitative data from on-site observations and interviews with local experts, we highlighted the institution's role in NBS planning. Furthermore, aspiration to become a global or globalizing city motivated both cities to use NBS planning as a place-making tool to attract global investment, which is reflected in various governing policies and regulations. The cities' effort to achieve a

  3. Contributo di dati di gravità nella valutazione del vulcanismo CAMP in Africa Nord-Occidentale

    OpenAIRE

    Fabbri, Julius

    2015-01-01

    2013/2014 La domanda alla base di questa ricerca è stata se il metodo della gravimetria satellitare possa essere utilizzato per seguire le unità geologiche anche in luoghi difficilmente accessibili. L’obiettivo di questa ricerca è di verificare se le missioni satellitari di nuova generazione permettano di identificare la più grande delle province ignee della Terra (Bertrand et al., 2013), nota come CAMP (Central Atlantic Magmatic Province) in Africa nord-occidentale. Oltre alle motivazioni...

  4. Nord Stream ei näe takistusi Eesti käest uuringuloa saamisel / Jan Jõgis-Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgis-Laats, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Vene-Saksa gaasijuhet rajava Nord Streami piirkonnajuhi Sebastian Sassi sõnul on ettevõte täitnud kõik nõuded ja esitanud kogu nõutud info ning seetõttu usub, et uuringuteks saadakse Eestilt luba. Välisminister Urmas Paeti väitel saab valitsus selgete ja kaalukate argumentide korral uuringute loa andmisest keelduda. Lisa: Teadlased soovitavad keelduda

  5. L'avenir du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord passe par la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 janv. 2013 ... Centre de recherches pour le développement international Gouvernement du Canada ... du Nord passe par la croissance partagée et l'économie de marché ... vivant en région éloignée aient un accès égal aux possibilités économiques. ... visant à trouver de nouveaux modes d'action pouvant contribuer au ...

  6. Etude comparative de la rentabilité de deux types d'apiculture au nord ouest du Cameroun

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tsafack Matsop, A.S.; Muluh Achu, G.; Kamajou, F.; Ingram, V.; Vabi Boboh, M.

    2011-01-01

    La présente étude examine la rentabilité financière de l’apiculture au Cameroun. Son objectif global est de comparer la rentabilité des deux types d’apiculture pratiqués au Nord Ouest Cameroun. L’hypothèse globale est qu’il existerait une différence significative en rendement de miel et en bénéfice

  7. Réduction de la vulnérabilité des pasteurs du nord du Kenya | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 avr. 2011 ... Les recherches menées par l'ONG kényane Practical Action sur la vulnérabilité climatique des communautés pastorales des districts de Mandera et de Turkana, dans le nord du pays, jette de la lumière sur les conséquences biophysiques, sociales et économiques de la sécheresse dans ces régions ...

  8. La faille Nord-Pyrénéenne dans l’Ariège et la Haute-Garonne

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sitter, de L.U.

    1953-01-01

    Un des plus grands phénomènes structuraux des Pyrénées est sans doute la faille Nord-Pyrénéenne qui longe la zone axiale depuis la Méditerranée jusqu'à la côte atlantique. Elle est caractérisée par plusieurs particularités exceptionelles, dont le métamorphisme des terrains jurassiques et crétacés

  9. LE FRANÇAIS DANS LA PRESSE ECRITE DU NORD-CAMEROUN : DIAGNOSTIC, CRITIQUES ET ORIENTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moïse MBEY MAKANG

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available La présente réflexion tire son origine de la crise linguistique observée au sein de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun. Celle-ci fait échos des irrégularités de la langue de Voltaire dans la presse écrite de cette partie du pays. De plus en plus, on y assiste à une émergence des déviances syntaxiques et une profusion des écarts langagiers à connotation dépréciative. L’indécence verbale de la société, la mauvaise prestation des élèves en classe et lors des examens officiels en sont des indicateurs pertinents. Il est important de mentionner que la cohabitation entre les langues camerounaises et le français, la sous-scolarisation et ou l’ignorance, le laxisme des rédacteurs en chef, etc. sont les mobiles profonds de cette incorrection. Pourtant, nous savons tous que les media sont une forteresse où la langue doit être préservée de toute entorse et représentent un modèle pour la société. Néanmoins, des traits caractéristiques du français de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun s’inscrivent en faux par rapport à cette vocation naturelle des media. Dès lors, la question que nous pouvons nous poser est celle de savoir si ces mobiles ci-dessus cités sont des éléments qui favorisent l’émergence de cette dialectalisation du français. En clair qu’est-ce qui caractérise le français des journalistes? Quelle est la structure morphosyntaxique du français des rédacteurs des journaux? S’agit-il d’un français conforme à une norme locale ou (y retrouvons-nous des énoncés exogènes ? Quel type de morphosyntaxe utilisent les rédacteurs ? Une morphosyntaxe endogène, morphosyntaxe qui leur est propre, ou plutôt une morphosyntaxe exogène, supposée unique à tous les francophones ? Peut-on parler d’alternance codique, d’argotisation, ou de créolisation ? La présente analyse a pour ambitions de s’interroger sur les mobiles profonds qui incitent des journalistes à s’écarter de la norme du fran

  10. La coopération culturelle dans l’eurorégion Nord-Transmanche : une institutionnalisation sans institution ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Perrin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur l’action culturelle transfrontalière dans l’eurorégion Nord-Transmanche. Cette organisation de coopération territoriale a associé, de 1991 à 2004, la région française du Nord-Pas-de-Calais au Comté anglais du Kent et aux trois régions belges : Région wallonne, Région flamande et Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. La dimension pionnière et historique de cette eurorégion, mais également le fait qu’elle n’a pas perduré, permettent d’illustrer à la fois les potentialités, limites et paradoxes de la mobilisation de la culture dans le contexte des organisations de coopération territoriale. Si le processus d’institutionnalisation de l’eurorégion en tant que telle est resté inachevé, l’espace Nord-Transmanche reste un espace de coopération dynamique, en particulier dans le domaine culturel et la référence eurorégionale reste significative pour de nombreux acteurs. Cet exemple interroge ainsi les enjeux et la réalité de la construction d’une Europe des territoires et de la culture, notamment par rapport aux discours institutionnels dont ces questions font généralement l’objet.

  11. Nord Streami keskkonnamõjude aruanne jätab tähelepanuta Läänemere eripära / Madis Filippov ; kommenteerinud Ivar Puura, Tarmo Soomere, Endel Lippmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2009-01-01

    Teadlastes tekitavad ärevust Vene-Saksa ühisfirma Nord-Streami poolt Läänemerre kavandatava gaasitoru keskkonnamõjud. Artiklis on juttu ka Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia kirjast president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja peaminister Andrus Ansipile sooviga moodustada professionaalne komisjon, mis töötaks läbi Nord Streami gaasijuhtme keskkonnamõju hindamise materjalid. Vt. samas: Dioksiinide kontsentratsioon setetes; Nord Streami gaasijuhe

  12. Cervantes, el Quijote y Barcelona. (Hipótesis de una estancia barcelonesa de Cervantes en 1571

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carme Riera

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper "Cervantes, the Quixot and Barcelona (Hypotesis of Cervantes' stage in Barcelona in 1571" tries to establish the possibility of Cervantes visit in Barcelona in 1571 with the soldiers of Miguel de Moneada when they were leaving for Lepanto. Theses remambrances (the feast of San Juan, the arrival of Sir Juan of Austria to the city would help him to readress his book, by making his hero visit Catalonia. This would happen in the summer of 1614, after reading Avellaneda.

  13. The regulating power market on the Nordic power exchange Nord Pool. An econometric analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skytte, K.

    1999-08-01

    What differentiates the structure of Nord Pool from other power exchanges around the world is the way the balance from the spot market is maintained until the actual, physical delivery takes place, via the regulating power market in Norway. This paper reveals the pattern of the prices on the regulating power market, by analysing the cost of being unable to fulfil the commitments made on the spot market. Some power producers with unpredictable fluctuations (e.g. wind) will need to buy regulation services. The disclosed pattern implies that these producers must pay a limited premium of readiness in addition to the spot price; this premium is independent of the amount of regulation. The level of the premium of readiness for down-regulation is shown to be strongly influenced by the level of the spot price. On the other hand, it is demonstrated that the premium for up-regulation is less correlated to the spot price. Furthermore, it is found that the amount of regulation affects the price of regulating power for up-regulation more strongly than it does for down-regulation. The disclosed cost of using the regulating power market is a quadratic function of the amount of regulation. This asymmetric cost may encourage bidders with fluctuating production to be more strategic in their way of bidding on the spot market. By using such strategies the extra costs (for example wind power) needed to counter unpredictable fluctuations may be limited. 12 refs

  14. Evolution of industrial wastewater pollution in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area; Evolucion de la contaminacion industrial en las aguas residuales del area metropolitana de Barcelona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mantecon Pascual, R.

    2005-07-01

    The Environmental Agency of the Barcelona Metropolitan Area has full powers regarding sewerage. Industrial wastewater emptied into the public sewer system has been monitored and analysed since 1988. the data showing the evolution of the pollution in industrial wastewater are presented, broken down by activities and parameters. These data are based on the analysis of 14,528 samples taken during 19,555 inspections of 5,655 factories. It was found that there has been a gradual improvement in the quality of the effluents. Failure to meet the requirements concerning one or more of the physico-chemical parameters fell from 71% to 39% of the samples analysed. (Author)

  15. Muusikamaailm : Sibeliuse preemia laureaat on Ligeti. Uusooperid Turus, Milanos, Barcelonas. Aasta dirigent on Daniel Barenboim / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Wihuri fondi Sibeliuse preemia sai G. Ligeti. Uusooperitest Turu toomkirikus, Milano La Scala ja Barcelona Gran Teatre del Liceu laval. D. Barenboim pälvis heliplaadipreemia Echo Klassik koos aasta dirigendi 2000 tiitliga

  16. Recerca i ensenyament agronòmic a la Catalunya del vuit-cents : la granja experimental de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Cartañà i Pinén, Jordi

    2008-01-01

    Barcelona’s Experimental Farm was the agronomic center of reference of Barcelona’s regions between 1853 and 1911. In addition to its educational function, it was an experimental center where many of the new features that agronomic science was developing in Europe were tested, emphasizing among others the studies on the performance of fodders, cereals, tobacco, beet and other vegetables, as well as the diffusion of new technologies. It was one of the first state institutions ...

  17. Study of the radioactive contents in Barcelona's water supply during 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ortega, X.; Valles, I.

    1988-01-01

    Throughout 1986 several determinations were carried out of the contents in α and β radioactivity transmitters of different samples of the Barcelona water supply. It could be verified that beta radioactivity was ten times higher in the waters collected in the basin of Llobregat river than water from Ter river. Both rivers are the main sources of Barcelona supply. The reason for this unbalanced result is the high potassic content of the first river, coming from the mining exploitation of the basin. On the other hand, the contamination that could be measured in May, due to the Chernobyl nuclear accident, showed that the supply system from Llobregat river was more sensitive to the incorporation of contaminants carried down by the rain, whereas in the case of Ter river, owing to the presence of impounding regulation, a higher retention time of these waters was obtained. (author)

  18. Los cambios del comercio étnico en los suburbios de Barcelona (2004-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Nofre

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available CHANGES IN THE ETHNIC RETAIL TRADE IN THE SUBURBS OF BARCELONA (2004-2011. A DEBATE ABOUT PROCESSES OF ETHNOGENTRIFICATION. This paper aims to explore an early process of ethnogentrification, previously reported by the local media, in a working-class suburban district of Barcelona. Following a brief description of the research carried out in 2004 (published in 2006 on the urban and social changes in this study area, this paper presents a comparative analysis between the continuities and changes on ‘retailscape’ in the period of 2004 to 2011, by updating its ethnic-retail cartography. Comparative results will allow to opening up a debate about some lexical abuses on the use of the term ‘ethno-gentrification’ in the specific context of Mediterranean cities.

  19. [Knowledge of electronic cigarettes and their perceived harmfulness among the adult population in Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Sánchez, José M; Fu, Marcela; Ballbè, Montse; Martín-Sánchez, Juan Carlos; Saltó, Esteve; Fernández, Esteve

    2015-01-01

    To describe knowledge of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and their perceived harmfulness in the population of Barcelona in 2013-2014. We used participants from a longitudinal study of a representative sample of the adult population in the city of Barcelona (n=736). The field work was conducted between May 2013 and February 2014. Awareness of e-cigarette was 79.2%. The average level of knowledge was 4.4 points out of 10; there were statistically significant differences according to age, educational level, tobacco consumption, and nicotine dependence. Most participants had learned about e-cigarettes through traditional media (57.8%). Nearly half (47.2%) of the participants believed that e-cigarettes are less harmful than conventional cigarettes. Advertising of e-cigarettes in the media should be regulated because there is still scarce scientific evidence about the usefulness and harmful effects of these devices. Copyright © 2014 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. Patrimonios incómodos para la imagen que Barcelona ofrece al mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reventós Gil de Biedma, Ana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Barcelona is today a city of reference within the world’s tourist map. Created as a process of both an economic evolution towards the third sector as well as a powerful brand image, from the Olympics up to nowadays. Within this scene, Culture and Arts have been pushed at the center of the strategy, building a “cultural spectacle” aimed to differentiate the city’s offer in the market. Furthermore, some specific icons oriented to give it a Catalan, Cosmopolitan and Modern identity are promoted, adding also new symbolic values such as diversity, tolerance or Mediterranean character. Meaning that some range of cultural heritages should be reinforced while others are put aside or even hidden. Barcelona appears then as the result of a perfectly drawn political strategic planning, under the appearance of social consensus and citizens’ involvement

  1. Multi-level Governance as an Alternative: The Municipality of Barcelona and the Ciutat Refugi Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezgi Irgil

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the response of the Municipality of Barcelona to the Syrian refugee crisis in Europe as an alternative solution that challenges the national government’s restrictive approach. This response introduces the Ciutat Refugi Plan with a city-to-city network at the municipal level that involves other European cities in creating safe routes for refugees at the local government level. In line with multi-level governance theory, I argue that central governments’ inaction has pressured local governments to take action during the Syrian refugee influx. Relying on the influence of local government networks, the Municipality of Barcelona uses discourse as a tool of action in opening discursive spaces for humanitarian political responses to the refugee crisis. Using critical discourse analysis, I test this argument by examining in-depth interviews, speeches of people in power that have appeared in news articles, and statements on official websites.

  2. MANCHESTER UNITED, INTERNAZIONALE MILANO AND FC BARCELONA – WHAT´S DIFFERENT?

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Sarmento; M. Teresa Anguera; Jorge Campaniço; Rui Resende; José Leitão

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Although football is considered a universal language, there are particularities that characterize the way it is practiced in several countries. Overall, the style of English football is known as “Kick and Rush”, the Italian as “Catenaccio”, and the Spanish as “Fúria Española”. This study aims to understand which aspects in the characterization of playing styles of the different teams (Manchester United, Internazionale Milano and Barcelona) are the most important for coaches. Met...

  3. Dust modelling and forecasting in the Barcelona Supercomputing Center: Activities and developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, C; Baldasano, J M; Jimenez-Guerrero, P; Jorba, O; Haustein, K; Basart, S [Earth Sciences Department. Barcelona Supercomputing Center. Barcelona (Spain); Cuevas, E [Izanaa Atmospheric Research Center. Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia, Tenerife (Spain); Nickovic, S [Atmospheric Research and Environment Branch, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva (Switzerland)], E-mail: carlos.perez@bsc.es

    2009-03-01

    The Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) is the National Supercomputer Facility in Spain, hosting MareNostrum, one of the most powerful Supercomputers in Europe. The Earth Sciences Department of BSC operates daily regional dust and air quality forecasts and conducts intensive modelling research for short-term operational prediction. This contribution summarizes the latest developments and current activities in the field of sand and dust storm modelling and forecasting.

  4. Dust modelling and forecasting in the Barcelona Supercomputing Center: Activities and developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez, C; Baldasano, J M; Jimenez-Guerrero, P; Jorba, O; Haustein, K; Basart, S; Cuevas, E; Nickovic, S

    2009-01-01

    The Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) is the National Supercomputer Facility in Spain, hosting MareNostrum, one of the most powerful Supercomputers in Europe. The Earth Sciences Department of BSC operates daily regional dust and air quality forecasts and conducts intensive modelling research for short-term operational prediction. This contribution summarizes the latest developments and current activities in the field of sand and dust storm modelling and forecasting.

  5. La base de dades i servei de sumaris a la Biblioteca de la Universitat de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Núñez, Lluïsa

    1999-01-01

    Es presenta el servei de sumaris de la Biblioteca de la Universitat de Barcelona. Els usuaris del servei poden consultar, a través de la web de la biblioteca, els sumaris de les revistes subscrites i rebre els que desitgin per correu electrònic. El servei permet racionalitzar la inversió en subscripcions i mantenir l'usuari puntualment informat.

  6. El comercio de los inmigrantes en el centro histórico de Barcelona en 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Serra del Pozo, Pau

    2006-01-01

    In the last decade the increasing number of foreign immigrants in Catalonia has been especially apparent in the Ciutat Vella district of Barcelona, where immigrants’ shops have multiplied. The Ciutat Vella immigrant shops have several features such as small size, a long working day and the presence of employed relatives together with other employees of the same origin as that of the employer. The dominant typologies of the shops are: groceries, tele shops, money transfer (for remittances), ba...

  7. Pakistanis in Spain: a study based on the community living in the city of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Solé Aubia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the characteristics of Spain becoming a country of immigration is the greater protagonism that some countries have acquired which had not traditionally been a major source of migration movements towards Spain. Such is the case of Pakistan, whose nationals living in Spain have considerably increased in recent years, mainly in the area of Barcelona. This study seeks to undertake a research line in order to get to know more deeply the reality of this community.

  8. [A prospective study of drug-facilitated sexual assault in Barcelona].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xifró-Collsamata, Alexandre; Pujol-Robinat, Amadeo; Barbería-Marcalain, Eneko; Arroyo-Fernández, Amparo; Bertomeu-Ruiz, Antonia; Montero-Núñez, Francisco; Medallo-Muñiz, Jordi

    2015-05-08

    To determine the frequency and characteristics of suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) among the victims of sexual assault in Barcelona. Prospective study of every adult consulting an emergency service because of alleged sexual assault and receiving forensic assessment in the city of Barcelona in 2011. A total of 35 of 114 cases (30.7%) met suspected DFSA criteria. Compared with the other victims, suspected DFSA cases were more likely to experience amnesia, to have been assaulted by night, after a social situation and by a recently acquainted man, to have used alcohol before the assault and to be foreigners. In this group ethanol was detected in blood or urine in 48.4% of analyzed cases; their mean back calculated blood alcohol concentration was 2.29g/l (SD 0.685). Also, at least one central nervous system drug other than ethanol was detected in 60,6%, mainly stimulant drugs of abuse. Suspected DFSA is frequent among victims of alleged sexual assault in Barcelona nowadays. The depressor substance most commonly encountered is alcohol, which contributes to victims' vulnerability. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Repositioning of Barcelona's Image in the Light of a Redefinition of the Urban Tourism Planning Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep-Francesc Valls

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de desarrollo urbanístico-turístico de Barcelona en los últimos quince años ha obtenido un éxito extraordinario en cuanto a número de visitantes, pernoctaciones, llegadas de pasajeros de cruceros, incremento de camas hoteleras y visitas a monumentos de pago. De este modo, la ciudad se ha convertido en una de las ciudades más visitadas de Europa y de mayor crecimiento del número de turistas. Pero, este crecimiento cuantitativo ha generado masificación turística, concentración en determinados barrios, enfrentamiento por el uso del espacio urbano entre turistas y residentes, además de generar algunas deficiencias infraestructurales como la conectividad y la intermodalidad. Estos problemas amenazan la posición competitiva de Barcelona. Este artículo revisa la competitividad entre las ciudades, comparando Barcelona con otras diez ciudades europeas. A partir de un análisis cualitativo a los players internos y externos y de un Estudio Delphi con players externos, se exploran las correcciones que hay que introducir en el modelo y los vectores del repo- sicionamiento. Esta nueva posición refuerza la competitividad en base a tres objetivos: la sostenibilidad del modelo, la gestión integral de la metrópolis turística y su gobernanza, y la orientación al cliente.

  10. Return period curves for extreme 5-min rainfall amounts at the Barcelona urban network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lana, X.; Casas-Castillo, M. C.; Serra, C.; Rodríguez-Solà, R.; Redaño, A.; Burgueño, A.; Martínez, M. D.

    2018-03-01

    Heavy rainfall episodes are relatively common in the conurbation of Barcelona and neighbouring cities (NE Spain), usually due to storms generated by convective phenomena in summer and eastern and south-eastern advections in autumn. Prevention of local flood episodes and right design of urban drainage have to take into account the rainfall intensity spread instead of a simple evaluation of daily rainfall amounts. The database comes from 5-min rain amounts recorded by tipping buckets in the Barcelona urban network along the years 1994-2009. From these data, extreme 5-min rain amounts are selected applying the peaks-over-threshold method for thresholds derived from both 95% percentile and the mean excess plot. The return period curves are derived from their statistical distribution for every gauge, describing with detail expected extreme 5-min rain amounts across the urban network. These curves are compared with those derived from annual extreme time series. In this way, areas in Barcelona submitted to different levels of flood risk from the point of view of rainfall intensity are detected. Additionally, global time trends on extreme 5-min rain amounts are quantified for the whole network and found as not statistically significant.

  11. Occurrence of 95 pharmaceuticals and transformation products in urban groundwaters underlying the metropolis of Barcelona, Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    López-Serna, Rebeca; Jurado, Anna; Vázquez-Suñé, Enric; Carrera, Jesus; Petrović, Mira; Barceló, Damià

    2013-01-01

    The present paper presents the occurrence of 72 pharmaceuticals and 23 transformation products (TPs) in groundwaters (GWs) underlying the city of Barcelona, Spain. Thirty-one samples were collected under different districts, and at different depths. Aquifers with different geologic features and source of recharge were included, i.e., natural bank filtration, infiltration from wastewater and water supply pipes, rainfall recharge, etc. Antibiotics were the most frequently found compounds detected at levels reaching 1000 ng L −1 . Natural bank filtration from the river that receives large amounts of effluents from waste water treatment plants (WWTPs), turned out being the most influencing source of contamination, thus GW showed high range of compounds and concentrations as high as or even higher than in the river itself. In general, TPs were found at lower concentrations than the corresponding parent compounds, with some exceptions, such as 4OH propranolol and enalaprilat. -- Highlights: ► Comprehensive study of 95 pharmaceuticals in Barcelona's groundwater. ► Concentration levels found were higher than expected for groundwater. ► Transformation products significantly contributed to the overall levels. -- Ninety-five pharmaceuticals and transformation products are monitored in the groundwater from Barcelona metropolitan area

  12. Bailando la diferencia: identidades culturales y música salsa en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Llano Camacho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En el baile de la salsa hay muchos estilos. En Barcelona, el estilo cubano fue el primero en difundirse a inicios de 1990. Sin embargo, el estilo Los Ángeles comenzó a proliferar desde comienzos de 2000, a la vez que empezó a replicarse el modelo de los congresos de salsa a nivel mundial. La internacionalización del baile de la salsa coincidió con el boom de la inmigración latinoamericana en España, por lo que la emergencia de las primeras escuelas y compañías de baile de salsa dirigidas al público local, a principios del nuevo siglo, ocurrió paralelamente a la apertura de nuevas discotecas de salsa, merengue y bachata dirigidas a los residentes latinoamericanos. Dada la programación de salsa, realizada por las discotecas y salas de baile, sería posible dar por hecho que los latinoamericanos residentes en Barcelona y los autóctonos convergen en estos espacios, sin embargo, la realidad es otra. Considerando el concepto kinetopia, en este artículo aportamos un análisis sobre la oposición de “baile de escuela” y “baile callejero”, que explicaría la segmentación de los espacios de baile de la salsa en Barcelona, más allá de las diferencias culturales

  13. L’archipel nord-coréen: transition économique et blocages territoriaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Ducruet

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available L’une des caractéristiques récentes de la Corée du Nord est le manque manifeste d’intégration territoriale, en contradiction croissante avec la volonté d’ouverture économique. Dans un environnement mondialisé, le faible coût et la qualité de sa main-d’œuvre, l’abondance des ressources naturelles, et une situation stratégique entre la Corée du Sud, le Japon et leurs voisins continentaux immédiats comme la Chine et la Russie, sont autant d’atouts qui devraient permettre la mise en œuvre des réformes et la relance de l’économie. Tandis que la plupart des travaux précédents se basent sur les facteurs politiques externes pour expliquer les difficultés rencontrées (isolement dû à la disparition du bloc de l’Est, embargo imposé par les États-Unis et le Japon, cet article privilégie les facteurs spatiaux internes. L’examen successif de structures spatiales fondamentales montre que la déconnexion croissante entre les différentes provinces, conséquence d’un long déclin économique et de la dégradation des infrastructures, serait une contrainte majeure avec laquelle les projets de développement du pays sont confrontés, au-delà des aspects purement politiques.

  14. Metaevaluation of National Weatherization Assistance Program Based on State Studies, 1993-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berry, L

    2003-04-02

    The National Weatherization Assistance Program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and implemented by state and local agencies throughout the United States, weatherizes homes for low-income residents in order to increase their energy efficiency and lower utility bills. Research staff members at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have performed two previous metaevaluations of this program (Berry, 1997; Schweitzer and Berry, 1999). Both of these earlier metaevaluations involved synthesizing the results from individual studies of state weatherization efforts completed during a several year period. This report is the third in a series of metaevaluations of state-level studies. It is built on the foundation developed by the previous two metaevaluations. The purpose of this report, like that of the two earlier ORNL metaevaluations, is to provide a current estimate of the average national energy savings per home weatherized for the Weatherization Assistance Program based on the relevant state-level studies. All three of the metaevaluations, including this one, were designed to be updates to the findings of a national evaluation of the Weatherization Assistance Program, which examined a representative national sample of several thousand structures weatherized in 1989 (Brown, Berry, Balzer, and Faby 1993). Although the first and second metaevaluations used separate sets of state-level studies, completed during different time periods, there was little difference in their findings about the typical national energy savings per weatherized home for homes that heat with natural gas. Our initial analysis efforts for this report involved repeating the same procedures that had been used in the previous two reports. In particular, we collected and examined only the state-level evaluations that had become available between September of 1998 and August of 2002. Once again, we found little difference in the average energy savings estimates per weatherized home that were produced with this third set of the most recently available state-level evaluations.

  15. Lühiülevaade Eesti majanduse arengust 1993-2002. a ja prognoos 2003. a

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Konjunktuur : Quarterly Review of the Estonian Economy Sep nr. 3, lk. 42-44. Ülevaade majandusindikaatoritest: sisemajanduse koguprodukt, tarbijahinnaindeks, väliskaubandus, tööhõive, tööstustoodang, elanike sissetulekud. Diagrammid ja tabel: tähtsamad majandusindikaatorid ja nende prognoos 2003. a.

  16. Surveillance and Maintenance Plan for the ORNL Decontamination and Decommissioning Program FY 1993--2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, M.K.; Holder, L. Jr.

    1992-07-01

    The Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration D ampersand D program. The purpose and objectivesof this program include: (1) surveillance and maintenance (S ampersand M) of facilities awaiting decommissioning; (2) planning for the orderly decommissioning of these facilities; and (3) implementation of a program to accomplish facility disposition in a safe, cost-effective, and timely manner. Participating D ampersand D contractors are required to prepare formal plans that document the S ampersand M programs established for each site. This report has been prepared to provide this documentation for those facilities included in the ORNL D ampersand D Program

  17. Health-related quality of life surveillance--United States, 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahran, Hatice S; Kobau, Rosemarie; Moriarty, David G; Zack, Matthew M; Holt, James; Donehoo, Ralph

    2005-10-28

    Population-based surveillance of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is needed to promote the health and quality of life of U.S. residents and to monitor progress in achieving the two overall Healthy People 2010 goals: 1) increase the quality and years of healthy life and 2) eliminate health disparities. This report examines surveillance-based HRQOL data from 1993 through 2002. Survey data from a validated set of HRQOL measures (CDC HRQOL-4) were analyzed for 1993-2001 from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys for the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC) and for 2001-2002 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). These measures assessed self-rated health; physically unhealthy days (i.e., the number of days during the preceding 30 days for which physical health, including physical illness and injury, was not good); mentally unhealthy days (i.e., the number of days during the preceding 30 days for which mental health, including stress, depression, and problems with emotions, was not good); and days with activity limitation (i.e., number of days during the preceding 30 days that poor physical or mental health prevented normal daily activities). A summary measure of overall unhealthy days also was computed from the sum of a respondent's physically unhealthy and mentally unhealthy days, with a maximum of 30 days. During 1993-2001, the mean number of physically unhealthy days, mentally unhealthy days, overall unhealthy days, and activity limitation days was higher after 1997 than before 1997. During 1993-1997, the percentage of respondents with zero overall unhealthy days was stable (51%-53%) but declined to 48% by 2001. The percentage of respondents with >/=14 overall unhealthy days increased from 15%-16% during 1993-1997 to 18% by 2001. Adults increasingly rated their health as fair or poor and decreasingly rated it as excellent or very good. Women, American Indians/Alaska Natives, persons of "other races," separated or divorced persons, unmarried couples, unemployed persons, those unable to work, those with a unhealthy days, mentally unhealthy days, overall unhealthy days, and activity limitation days). Older adults reported more physically unhealthy days and activity limitation days, whereas younger adults reported more mentally unhealthy days. A seasonal pattern was observed in physically unhealthy days and overall unhealthy days. During 1993-2001, BRFSS respondents in 13 states reported increasing physically unhealthy days; respondents in 13 states and DC reported increasing mentally unhealthy days; respondents in Alabama, Connecticut, Maine, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, and Oregon reported both increasing physically and mentally unhealthy days; and respondents in 16 states and DC reported increasing activity limitation days. During 2001-2002, NHANES respondents with one or more medical conditions (e.g., arthritis or stroke) reported worse HRQOL than those without such conditions, and those with an increasing number of medical conditions reported increasingly worse HRQOL. Policy makers and researchers should continue to monitor HRQOL and its correlates in the U.S. population. In addition, public health professionals should expand monitoring to populations currently missed by existing surveys, including institutionalized and homeless persons, adolescents, and children. A key aspect is to study and identify the personal and community determinants of HRQOL in prevention research and population studies, to understand how to improve HRQOL, and to reduce HRQOL disparities. In addition, population health assessment professionals should continue to refine and validate HRQOL, functional status, and self-reported health measures.

  18. Ownership, intra-industry trade and factor intensities: the case of Poland 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pawlik, Konrad

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates the association between intra-industry trade (IIT) for foreign, private domestic and public domestic companies in Poland and the size of multinational activity measured by the stock of FDI. Using a unique database on imports and exports from companies in Poland 1993...

  19. THE GENDER PAY GAP IN VIETNAM, 1993-2002: A QUANTILE REGRESSION APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Pham, Hung T; Reilly, Barry

    2007-01-01

    This paper uses mean and quantile regression analysis to investigate the gender pay gap for the wage employed in Vietnam over the period 1993 to 2002. It finds that the Doi moi reforms appear to have been associated with a sharp reduction in gender pay gap disparities for the wage employed. The average gender pay gap in this sector halved between 1993 and 2002 with most of the contraction evident by 1998. There has also been a narrowing in the gender pay gap at most selected points of the con...

  20. The Gender Pay Gap In Vietnam, 1993-2002: A Quantile Regression Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Barry Reilly & T. Hung Pham

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses mean and quantile regression analysis to investigate the gender pay gap for the wage employed in Vietnam over the period 1993 to 2002. It finds that the Doi moi reforms have been associated with a sharp reduction in gender wage disparities for the wage employed. The average gender pay gap in this sector halved between 1993 and 2002 with most of the contraction evident by 1998. There has also been a contraction in the gender pay at most selected points of the conditional wage d...

  1. Human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in eleven countries: Diagnostic pattern across time, 1993-2002

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. de Pedro-Cuesta (Jesús); M. Glatzel (Markus); J. Almazán (Javier); K. Stoeck (Katharina); V. Mellina (Vittorio); M. Puopolo (Maria); M. Pocchiari (Maurizio); I. Zerr (Inga); H.A. Kretszchmar (Hans); J-P. Brandel (Jean-Philippe); N. Delasnerie-Laupretre (Nicole); A. Alperovitch (Annick); C.M. van Duijn (Cornelia); P. Sanchez-Juan (Pascual); S.J. Collins (Steven); V. Lewis (Victoria); G.H. Jansen (Gerard); M.B. Coulthart (Michael); E. Gelpi (Ellen); H. Budka (Herbert); E. Mitrová (Eva)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The objective of this study was to describe the diagnostic panorama of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies across 11 countries. Methods: From data collected for surveillance purposes, we describe annual proportions of deaths due to different human transmissible

  2. Evaluation of strategic research programs: The case of Danish environmental research 1993-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter Emil Rerup; Larsen, Birger

    2007-01-01

    The article reports on the mid-term and final scientometric evaluations of the Danish Strategic Environmental Research Program (SMP), which consisted of 13 virtual research centers from 1993 to 1997, nine of which are studied bibliometrically here. Citations are measured from 1993 to 2002. Central...

  3. Efectividad de un programa nacional de fomento de la lactancia materna en Chile 1993-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Atalah S, Eduardo; Castillo L, Cecilia; Reyes A, Cecilia

    2004-01-01

    El fomento de la lactancia materna ha sido una prioridad del Ministerio de Salud en la última década. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la tendencia de la lactancia materna en menores de 18 meses, controlados en el sistema público de salud, según los resultados de cuatro encuestas nacionales. Por una entrevista estructurada se exploró cada 3 años la alimentación del día anterior (pecho, agua, jugos, fórmulas, alimentos sólidos) y la participación materna en trabajos fuera del hogar, en una ...

  4. Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Program surveillance and maintenance plan, FY 1993--2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schloesslin, W.

    1992-11-01

    The Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) Program at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) is part of the Environmental Restoration (ER) and Waste Management (WM) Programs (ERWM). The objective of the ER Program is to provide PORTS the capability to meet applicable environmental regulations through facility development activities and site remedial actions. The WM Program supports the ER Program. The D ampersand D Program provides collective management of the sites within the plant which require decontamination and decommissioning, prioritizes those areas in terms of health, safety and environmental concerns, and implements the appropriate level of remedial action. The D ampersand D Program provides support to facilities which formerly served one or more of the many Plant functions. Program activities include (1) surveillance and maintenance of facilities awaiting decommissioning; (2) planning safe and orderly facility decommissioning; and (3) implementing a program to accomplish facility disposition in a safe, cost effective, and timely manner. In order to achieve the first objective, a formal plan which documents the surveillance and maintenance needs for each inactive facility has been prepared. This report provides this documentation for the PORTS facilities currently included in the D ampersand D Program and includes projected resource requirements for the planning period of FY 1993 through FY 2002

  5. 4 years of successful knowledge transfer - the nuclear technology training center of the TUeV Nord Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Willenbockel, I.; Tietze, U.

    2007-01-01

    In connection with the 2002 amendment to the German Atomic Energy Act, the topics of generational change and maintenance of competence grew in importance and necessitated new solution approaches. To this end, various activities were launched, with the aim of conducting conceptual analyses of these topics. Examples include the 'National Competence Network for Nuclear Technology' (Nationaler Kompetenzverbund fuer Kerntechnik), various networks established by colleges and universities, the 'Knowledge Management for the Maintenance and Transfer of Competence in Reactor Safety' (Wissensmanagement zum Kompetenzerhalt und -transfer in der Reaktorsicherheit) workshop held in 2001 in Garching near Munich (Germany) and the 'Ad-hoc Workgroup on the Maintenance of Competence' (Ad-hoc-Arbeitskreis Kompetenzerhalt) of the VdTUeV. The nuclear technology departments of the TUeV Nord Group were aware of te challenges associated with the generational change early on. By establishing the 'Nuclear Technology Training Center' (Ausbildungszentrum fuer Kerntechnik, AfK), the TUeV Nord Group intended to ensure the required knowledge transfer during the generational change as well as maintain the renowned high qualification as regards the subject of nuclear technology and thus continue to provide - in the sense of social responsibility - crucial contribution to the long-term safety of nuclear plants. Four years have passed since the training center held the first courses in the fall of 2002. Up to now, more than 350 participants have been trained in the courses conducted by the AfK. In the opinion of the TUeV Nord Group, the activities of the AfK have laid the foundation for a successful change of generations within the group's nuclear technology organizations. (orig.)

  6. Experiența Agenției de Dezvoltare Nord în realizarea proiectelor de dezvoltare regională

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana TOFAN

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Regiunea de Dezvoltare Nord, ca aşezare geografică, climă, rețea hidrologică, floră, faună, resurse naturale, economie, se află într-o situație bine poziționată, ceea ce-i permite să atragă investiții în propria dezvoltare regională. În articol este descrisă activitatea Agenției de Dezvoltare Regională Nord, care dispune de o experiență destul de bună în realizarea proiectelor de dezvoltare regională în Republică Moldova. La fel, ea continuă să fie un partener sigur în atragerea investițiilor străine directe în localitățile de nord ale republicii.

  7. Etude saisonnière de la contamination métallique des macroalgues de la lagune nord de Tunis

    OpenAIRE

    Chouba, L.; Ajjabi-Chebil, L.; Herry, S.

    2010-01-01

    Dans le but de démontrer la capacité de bioaccumulation métallique des macroalgues et sa variation temporelle, on s’est intéressé à la détermination de la gamme de concentrations en métaux traces (Plomb, Cadmium, Fer, Manganèse et Zinc) dans trois macroalgues vertes (Ulva rigida, Chaetomorpha linum, Caulerpa prolifera) au niveau de la lagune nord et du canal de navigation de Tunis sujettes à d’importants rejets anthropiques. Des collectes saisonnières ont été faites dans la lagune de Tunis du...

  8. NKS NordRisk. Atlas of long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Havskov Soerensen, J.; Baklanov, A.; Mahura, A.; Lauritzen, Bent; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2008-07-01

    Within the NKS NordRisk project, 'Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe', the NKS NordRisk Atlas has been developed. The atlas describes risks from hypothetical long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected nuclear risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere. A number of case studies of long-term long-range atmospheric transport and deposition of radionuclides has been developed, based on two years of meteorological data. Radionuclide concentrations in air and radionuclide depositions have been evaluated and examples of long-term averages of the dispersion and deposition and of the variability around these mean values are provided. (au)

  9. O modelo Funcionalista de Christiane Nord aliado ao dispositivo de Sequências Didáticas: norteamentos para o Ensino de Tradução

    OpenAIRE

    Valdecy Oliveira Pontes; Livya Lea Oliveira Pereira

    2017-01-01

    Abordagens mais recentes nos Estudos da Tradução partem do princípio de que não se traduz uma língua/cultura, mas textos. Na perspectiva da Tradução Funcionalista, esses não podem ser compreendidos à parte de seu contexto comunicativo, fato que justifica a proximidade do Ensino de Tradução com o conhecimento sobre gêneros textuais, destacada, inclusive, por Nord (2012). Assim, a partir da perspectiva teórica funcionalista de Christiane Nord (1991, 1994, 1996, 2012) para o ensino de tradução e...

  10. NKS NordRisk. Atlas of long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Havskov Soerensen, J.; Baklanov, A.; Mahura, A. (Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen (Denmark)); Lauritzen, Bent; Mikkelsen, Torben (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy, Roskilde (Denmark))

    2008-07-15

    Within the NKS NordRisk project, 'Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe', the NKS NordRisk Atlas has been developed. The atlas describes risks from hypothetical long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected nuclear risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere. A number of case studies of long-term long-range atmospheric transport and deposition of radionuclides has been developed, based on two years of meteorological data. Radionuclide concentrations in air and radionuclide depositions have been evaluated and examples of long-term averages of the dispersion and deposition and of the variability around these mean values are provided. (au)

  11. Evolución de la mortalidad infantil en la ciudad de Barcelona (1983-1998 Trends in infant mortality in Barcelona [Spain], 1983-1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Albacar

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar las tendencias de la mortalidad infantil, teniendo en cuenta sus componentes y las principales causas de defunción entre los años 1983 y 1998 en la ciudad de Barcelona. Métodos: Se han calculado las tasas globales y por sexos de la mortalidad infantil, posneonatal, neonatal, neonatal tardía y neonatal precoz de los residentes de la ciudad de Barcelona entre los años 1983 y 1998, con los datos procedentes de los registros de mortalidad y natalidad. Los datos se han agrupado en períodos de 4 años y se han ajustado los modelos de regresión de Poisson con la finalidad de calcular los riesgos relativos de mortalidad que comparen estos períodos. También se ha calculado la variación porcentual entre las tasas de los períodos definidos. Resultados: En total, durante estos 16 años hubo 1.564 muertes. De éstas, 896 corresponden a niños (57,3% y las 668 restantes a niñas (42,7%. Las tasas de mortalidad infantil oscilan entre 10,5 por 1.000 nacidos vivos en el año 1986 y 3,4 10 años después, en el año 1996. Entre los años 1983 y 1988 se observa un estancamiento de la mortalidad infantil, y a partir del año 1989 se nota una disminución en las tasas de mortalidad infantil. La tasa de mortalidad neonatal, y sobre todo la neonatal precoz, experimentan un descenso más pronunciado que la mortalidad posneonatal. Las causas de defunción más frecuentes son las debidas a defectos congénitos (47,4% seguidas por las causas perinatales (32,1%. Conclusiones: Tras analizar la tendencia de la mortalidad infantil y haber observado la de años anteriores, se concluye que las tasas de mortalidad infantil han disminuido durante el período estudiado, aunque no con la misma intensidad que en décadas anteriores.Objective: To analyze trends in infant mortality, taking into account its main components and the principal causes of death between 1983 and 1998 in the city of Barcelona (Spain. Methods: We calculated overall mortality rates

  12. Factores relacionados con el acoso escolar (bullying en los adolescentes de Barcelona Factors related to bullying in adolescents in Barcelona (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Garcia Continente

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: La violencia y el acoso escolar constituyen un problema social y de salud que ha generado una gran alarma en los últimos años. En este estudio se describe el acoso escolar y los factores relacionados en estudiantes de Barcelona. Métodos: Estudio transversal de una muestra representativa de 2.727 estudiantes de 66 centros escolares de secundaria de Barcelona. Se definió «acoso escolar» como haber sido objeto de burla, golpeado o marginado cuatro o más veces, o al menos una vez en cada uno de los ítems, en los últimos 12 meses. Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística bivariado y multivariado para estudiar la relación entre el acoso y diversos factores, incluyendo variables sociodemográficas, actitudes y comportamientos. Resultados: La prevalencia de acoso escolar fue del 18,2%, 10,9% y 4,3% en chicos, y del 14,4%, 8,5% y 4,5% en chicas de 2º y 4º de educación secundaria obligatoria y 2º de bachillerato o ciclos formativos de grado medio, respectivamente. Los factores que se asociaron con un incremento de la probabilidad de padecer acoso fueron el estado de ánimo negativo y la conducta violenta, mientras que tener mayor edad, el consumo de riesgo de alcohol, el consumo de cannabis e ir a bares y discotecas se asociaron negativamente. Conclusiones: Los resultados confirman la relevancia del problema del acoso escolar en nuestro medio, y señalan diversos factores asociados, como el estado de ánimo negativo y varios comportamientos de riesgo, que deberían ser analizados con detalle en estudios longitudinales para diseñar e implementar programas preventivos apropiados.Objectives: Violence and bullying in the school setting are a serious social and health problem that have created great alarm in the last few years. We aimed to describe bullying and factors related to this phenomenon in students in the city of Barcelona. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 2,727 students

  13. Trastornos menores de salud en una muestra de estudiantes de la Universidad de Barcelona Minor health disorders in a sample of students of the University of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MT Icart Isern

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: conocer la prevalencia de algunos trastornos menores de salud (TMS en una muestra de estudiantes de la Universidad de Barcelona (2004-05. Material y métodos: El estudio se realizó en las facultades de Ciencias Económicas, Farmacia, Medicina, Psicología y Químicas y Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Barcelona. Se empleó un diseño observacional, descriptivo y transversal mediante un cuestionario mixto administrada a 600 estudiantes durante el mes de diciembre de 2004. Las variables estudiadas corresponden a los siguientes TMS: insomnio, estreñimiento, cefalea, dolor osteomuscular, tics nerviosos, onicofagia y tricotilomania. Resultados: El sexo femenino representa el 64% de la muestra; la media de edad de los encuestados es de 22,7 (DE: 3,27; IC 95%: 22,43-22,96. Las mujeres acumulan el 67,79% de los 1.245 TMS identificados. Por sexo, se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las prevalencias de cefalea, dolor osteomuscular y tricotilomania que afectan en mayor medida al sexo femenino. La onicofagia (264; 21,20%; IC 95%: 18-24,4 es el más extendido de los TMS, seguido de la cefalea (233; 18,72%; IC 95%: 15,6-21,84. los estudiantes de Psicología presentan el mayor número, seguidos de los de Ciencias Económicas; los que presentan un menor número son los de Farmacia y Químicas. Conclusiones: El sexo femenino presenta la mayor prevalencia de TMS. La onicofagia y la cefalea son los principales TMS identificados en la muestra. Los estudiantes de Psicología acumulan el mayor número de TMS, siendo los que presentan más cefalea, dolor osteomuscular y tricotilomania.Background: To determine the prevalence of certain minor health disorders (MHD in a sample of students from the University of Barcelona (2004-05. Methods: The study was carried out in the faculties of Economic Sciences, Pharmacy, Medicine, Psychology and Chemistry, and in the School of Nursing, all of the University of Barcelona. An

  14. Acidentes de trabalho em Barcelona (Espanha, no período de 1992-1993 Work accidents in Barcelona (Spain, from 1992 to 1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana F. Sampaio

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: As estatísticas dos acidentes de trabalho, como qualquer outro sistema de notificação, devem servir de base para determinar prioridades e decidir quais medidas preventivas devem ser adotadas. Neste contexto, o objetivo do estudo é aprofundar a análise dos acidentes de trabalho através da utilização de técnicas estatísticas descritivas que permitam estabelecer a relação entre o número de acidentes de trabalho ocorridos em Barcelona (Espanha e as variáveis tipo de acidente, setor econômico, tamanho da empresa e tipo de contrato. MÉTODO: Como fonte de dados foi utilizado o sistema de notificação de acidentes graves e mortais ocorridos na cidade de Barcelona (Espanha, entre 1992 e 1993. Foram examinados 848 registros de acidentes de trabalho em trabalhadores do sexo masculino e a partir desses dados efetuou-se uma análise mediante modelos log-lineares. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciam que os acidentes traumáticos e o setor de construção têm uma associação positiva, verificada, da mesma forma, entre os acidentes de trânsito e o setor de serviços. Os acidentes traumáticos e de trânsito apresentaram uma associação com as pequenas empresas e os acidentes não traumáticos demonstraram associar-se com as grandes empresas. Verificou-se, ainda, associação entre os trabalhadores temporais e o setor da construção frente aos trabalhadores com contrato fixo, em que se constatou uma associação com os setores de indústria e de serviços. Foi verificada associação positiva entre os acidentes ocorridos com os trabalhadores temporais e as pequenas e médias empresas.INTRODUCTION: The statistics related to labor accidents as with any other notification system ought to be the basis for programs and policies with a view to the adoption of preventive measures. In order to establish preventive norms, however, the health system needs data from researchers focussing on the dynamics of and the pitfalls

  15. Taking energy efficiency to a new scale: the climate change action plan in Nord-Pas de Calais region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lafolie, Bertrand; Tillerson, Kenya

    2005-01-01

    Through the experience of a new climate change action plan in the French region 'Nord-Pas de Calais', the paper highlights the urgent necessity as well as the inherent difficulties for energy efficiency strategies to penetrate everyday practices and policies in order to reduce emissions in line with national and international commitments. Nord-Pas de Calais takes pride in two decades of sustained promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy. Nevertheless, observation shows that regional consumption grows at roughly the same rate as does national consumption. The paper will present the history of energy efficiency in the region and relate the steps in elaborating a new climate change action plan that moves away from a focus on innovative projects towards the integration of easily replicable practices in business as usual. It then discusses some of the practical roadblocks that are faced in attempting to change the scale of achievements. Surprisingly, the main barrier met with until now seems not to be lack of interest and motivation towards energy efficiency from the general public but the way energy efficiency practitioners traditionally work and think eceee '005 Panel 2

  16. Nord Stream, the German-Russian oil pipeline under the Baltic Sea from the Swedish point of view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crone, Olivier

    2007-01-01

    Nord Stream is a 1.200 km long gas pipeline project between Russia and Germany through the Baltic Sea. It crosses the Swedish, Danish, and Finnish economic zones, and, at mid-way, comprises a control platform about which any traffic will be forbidden within a radius of 500 m. After having recalled some design aspects of this project, the author discusses whether it results in some energetic benefits for Sweden where the project has been a matter of debates on environmental and safety issues. It appears that Sweden is not interested at all in importing fossil energies, and that politicians are opposed to this project, but have no influence on it as the pipeline does not cross Swedish territorial waters. After having evoked the role of Gazprom as energetic weapon of the Russian foreign policy, the author discusses safety issues related to this pipeline and its control platform, and environmental risks as they are perceived by Sweden. Sweden indeed perceives the project infrastructure as being possibly used as a spying tool. As far as environmental issues are concerned, Nord Stream is to submit an environmental impact assessment to Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Germany and Russia. As a Swedish law could constrain and even impede the project, some alternate tracks are already envisaged and studied for the pipeline in order to minimise the environmental impact

  17. Living better in Nord-Pas de Calais region. For an energy turn and societal transformations - Full report, Synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-12-01

    In 2008, the NGO Virage-energie Nord-Pas de Calais published a scenario of nuclear power phaseout including objectives of reduction of green gas emissions in the region of Nord-Pas de Calais. In 2013, Virage-energie Nord-Pas de Calais published Scenarios on energy sufficiency and societal transformations: the results of a research project on the evaluation of energy savings potentials from public policies and lifestyle changes. Using data models and assumptions, this study has highlighted that energy sufficiency could generate energy savings from 26 % to 40 %. Global scenarios presented in this report, realised with the financial support of ADEME and regional council of the region Nord-Pas de Calais in partnership with two academic laboratories (TVES, University of Lille 1 - Science and Technologies; and Ceraps, University of Lille 2 - Health and Law), complete previous works with a global vision for the future energetic and social systems. Scenarios explore interactions between energy, lifestyles, agriculture, food habits, consumer goods, industry, buildings, transport and employment, in order to identify and to reduce human, social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities to energetic crisis. Energy sufficiency and resilience are at the heart of this research. Energy sufficiency is a voluntary and organized strategy to reduce energy consumption through lifestyles changes and societal transformations. Energy sufficiency is different from energy efficiency, which concerns only improvement of technical performances in order to reduce energy consumption of a system (building, vehicle, etc.). Sufficiency re-evaluates uses and needs of energy, but also imaginary and culture of a society and its individual and collective organisations. Resilience is the capacity for a system (territory, population, etc.) to absorb a perturbation, to reorganize itself and to continue to remain in a functionally similar state. Through three possible scenarios for the territory and the

  18. Capitalidad autonómica y proceso de terciarización: el caso de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberich González, Joan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Barcelona has been since many years ago the functional centre of a vast territory, beyond the strict scope of Catalonia. From this fact, the aim of the study is to determine whether the regional capital of Barcelona and the general process of tertiarisation, two phenomena almost contemporary, have reinforced its centrality and if they have done with greater intensity than in other cities from the Catalan urban system. In agreement with this, we have divided this work into two sections. The first one analyzes the evolution of jobs of Barcelona and the Catalan cities of over 50,000 inhabitants from the late 1980s and the first decade of the 21st century and their distribution by activity branches. The second part, as an example of this tertiarisation process, we analyze the functional change and valorisation of a Barcelona’s old obsolete industrial area for its renewal into an advanced tertiary sector use, known as district 22@.Barcelona es desde hace muchos años el centro funcional de un extenso territorio, que va más allá del ámbito estricto de Cataluña. A partir de esta realidad, el objetivo del trabajo es conocer si la capitalidad autonómica de Barcelona y el proceso general de terciarización, dos fenómenos casi contemporáneos, han reforzado su centralidad y si lo han hecho con mayor intensidad que en otras ciudades del sistema urbano catalán. De acuerdo con este planteamiento, hemos dividido este trabajo en dos apartados. El primero analiza la evolución de los puestos de trabajo y su distribución por ramas de actividad de Barcelona y las ciudades catalanas de más de 50.000 habitantes entre finales de la década de 1980 y la primera década del siglo XXI . La segunda parte, como un ejemplo de este proceso de terciarización, analiza el cambio funcional y la puesta en valor de un antiguo espacio industrial barcelonés en desuso, para su reconversión en uso del terciario avanzado, el llamado distrito 22@. [fr] Barcelone a

  19. Has the economic crisis widened the intraurban socioeconomic inequalities in mortality? The case of Barcelona, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynou, Laia; Saez, Marc; Lopez-Casasnovas, Guillem

    2016-02-01

    There is considerable evidence demonstrating socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, some of which focuses on intraurban inequalities. However, all the studies assume that the spatial variation of inequalities is stable over the time. We challenge this assumption and propose two hypotheses: (i) have spatial variations in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality at an intraurban level changed over time? and (ii) as a result of the economic crisis, has the gap between such disparities widened? In this paper, our objective is to assess the effect of the economic recession on the spatio-temporal variation of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). We used a spatio-temporal ecological design to analyse mortality inequalities at small area level in Barcelona. Mortality data and socioeconomic indicators correspond to the years 2005 and 2008-2011. We specified spatio-temporal ecological mixed regressions for both men and women using two indicators, neighbourhood and year. We allowed the coefficients of the socioeconomic variables to differ according to the levels and explicitly took into account spatio-temporal adjustment. For men and women both absolute and, above all, relative risks for mortality have increased since 2009. In relative terms, this means that the risk of dying has increased much more in the most economically deprived neighbourhoods than in the more affluent ones. Although the geographical pattern in relative risks for mortality in neighbourhoods in Barcelona remained very stable between 2005 and 2011, socioeconomic inequalities in mortality at an intraurban level have surged since 2009. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  20. Public Space in Barcelona (1992-2017) - Evolution and Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfeliu Arboix, Ignacio; Martín, Estefanía

    2017-10-01

    The construction of the public space has become in the last decades something so important and fundamental in the architecture of the cities, that requires a specific discipline and a concrete study that evaluates the characteristics and actions on it. Not already from an urbanistic perspective but from its own design and constructive perspective, with its character as a place for everyone and for everything, must gather a series of elements that are unique to this space. Barcelona is one of the densest cities in the world that, since the end of the s. XX until our days, tries to solve the public space with a design of quality and optimum. The shortage of public space, which also hosts more than eight million tourists each year, makes it necessary to propose a type of meticulous intervention in order to accommodate all types of users and activities. From the first Universal Exhibition of 1888 through 1929 to the 1992 Olympics as the most important stimulus for this renewal of urban space, Barcelona has been rethinking and evolving in the modus operandi in terms of its urban space. From our professional experience as architects both in the municipal, private and university spheres, we believe that it is our responsibility to confer the public space, that is to say, the design of the urban infrastructure with the attributes necessary to consolidate it in a space Suitable for all without exception and as a place of expression of citizenship. Through the projects of public space developed in our office we will analyze this change of procedure in the construction of squares, parks and other spaces in the city of Barcelona.

  1. Reinterpretando la ciudad: la cultura skater y las calles de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavi Camino

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizamos el desarrollo de la práctica del skateboarding por las calles de Barcelona como un ejemplo de apropiación informal del espacio urbano que deja ver claramente las contradicciones que se generan en la producción del espacio de la ciudad. Para ello, partiremos de los datos extraídos de un trabajo de campo realizado entre los años 2003 y 2007, mediante métodos tradicionales de la antropología como son la observación participante y las entrevistas en profundidad. Después de explicar la situación actual y la perspectiva teórica que hemos adoptado, nos adentramos en el estudio cultural de esta experiencia urbana, desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad. Seguidamente describimos cómo se desarrolla el fenómeno cultural en Barcelona, atendiendo la dialéctica generada entre el ayuntamiento, los skaters y otros usuarios de la ciudad. A continuación, siguiendo cronológicamente los procesos, damos cuenta de cómo la proliferación de un diseño del espacio urbano que internacionaliza la imagen de la ciudad de Barcelona, a finales de los 90, favorece también su reconocimiento internacional como un lugar idóneo para la práctica del skateboarding. Finalmente, valoraremos el papel que juegan los skateparks –las instalaciones adecuadas– ante el desarrollo del skateboarding por las calles.

  2. First epidemiological report of feline heartworm infection in the Barcelona metropolitan area (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya-Alonso, José Alberto; Carretón, Elena; García-Guasch, Laín; Expósito, Jordi; Armario, Belén; Morchón, Rodrigo; Simón, Fernando

    2014-11-12

    The metropolitan area of Barcelona is the most densely populated metropolitan area on the Mediterranean coast. Several studies have reported the presence of canine heartworm disease in this region; however, there are no published epidemiological data regarding feline heartworm in this region and the prevalence in this species remains unknown. Serum samples from 758 cats living in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Spain) were collected between 2012 and 2013. To establish the seroprevalence of heartworm infection in cats, serological techniques for anti-D.immitis and anti-Wolbachia antibody detection were used while a commercial ELISA test kit was used to detect circulating D.immitis antigens. Of these samples, 11.47% were positive to D.immitis and Wolbachia surface protein antibodies and 0.26% were positive to D.immitis antigens. The higher antibody seroprevalences were found in the areas that follow the courses of the rivers Llobregat and Anoia (Baix Llobregat 11.5%, Vallés Occidental 13.2%; Barcelonés 11.7%) where humidity and vegetation favour the development of the mosquito vectors. High antibody seroprevalences were also found in the urban areas (Barcelona city 13.1%; Sabadell 15.5%), which demonstrates that city cats are also at risk from D.immitis infection. Generally, in Spain cats do not receive prophylactic treatment and therefore the risk of infection is higher in this species than in dogs. Adequate prophylactic plans should be implemented in the feline population. This is the first epidemiologic study on feline heartworm infection to be carried out in continental Spain.

  3. Knowledge, attitude and perceptions of breast cancer screening among native and immigrant women in Barcelona, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons-Vigués, Mariona; Puigpinós-Riera, Rosa; Serral, Gemma; Pasarín, M Isabel; Rodríguez, Dolors; Pérez, Glòria; Benet, Josep; Casamitjana, Montserrat; Borrell, Carme

    2012-06-01

    Inequalities between immigrant and native populations in terms of access and use of health services have been described. The objective is to compare knowledge, attitudes, vulnerabilities, benefits and barriers related to breast cancer (BC) and screening mammography among women from different countries resident in Barcelona. A cross-sectional survey carried out in Barcelona in 2009. The study population consisted of female residents in Barcelona between 45 and 69 years of age; participants were Spanish nationals or immigrants from low-income countries. 960 participants were asked 72 questions, mainly with Likert responses. The dependent variables were five quantitative scales: (1) knowledge of BC and early detection, (2) attitude towards health and BC, (3) vulnerability to BC, (4) barriers to mammography, (5) benefits of mammography. The independent variables were country of origin, social class, setting, cohabitation, age, mammography use, length of residence and fluency of the language. Analyses compared scale scores stratified by the independent variables. Multivariable linear regression models were fitted to determine the relationship between the scales and the independent variables. We observed inequalities according to country of origin on all scales after adjustment for independent variables. Chinese women presented the greatest differences with respect to native women, followed by Maghrebi and Filipino women. Inequalities exist on the vulnerability and barriers scales according to social class and urban/rural setting, and on the attitude scale according to social class. Country of origin, social class and urban/rural setting are key contributors to inequality in these scales. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Magnetic property analysis as palaeoenvironmental proxy: a case study of the Last Interglacial Middle Palaeolithic site at Neumark-Nord 2 (Germany)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sier, M.J.; Dekkers, M.J.

    2013-01-01

    The so-called Blake Event, an event of the geomagnetic fi eld, was identifi ed in the Middle Palaeolithic Neumark-Nord 2 (NN2) site in Germany by Sier et al. (2o11). These authors discussed the implications for the positioning of the Eemian in the Marine isotope stage (MIS) scale in

  5. Nord stream: not just a pipeline. An analysis of the political debates in the Baltic Sea region regarding the planned gas pipeline from Russia to Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whist, Bendik Solum

    2008-11-15

    This report is an analysis of the planned gas pipeline from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea known as Nord Stream. Although not yet realised, the project has, since its birth, been the subject of harsh criticism and opposition by a significant number of states that consider themselves affected by the pipeline. Whereas the Baltic States and Poland have interpreted the pipeline as a politically motivated strategy that will increase Russia's leverage on them and threaten their energy security, the debate in Sweden was at first mostly concerned with the prospect of increased Russian military presence in the Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone. The potential environmental impact of the pipeline has been, and continues to be, an overarching concern shared by all the littoral states of the Baltic Sea. Proponents of Nord Stream, most notably Germany, Russia and the Nord Stream consortium, have largely dismissed the concerns as unwarranted and argue that the pipeline is a common European project that all EU-members should embrace, as it will provide much-needed gas to an increasingly energy-thirsty union. This report is an extensive study of the divergent attitudes and debates that have surged in the region regarding Nord Stream, and the aim is to provide plausible explanations as to why the interpretations of the project have been so different in the various states. The report is based on a variety of sources, including several first-hand interviews with researchers and government officials in the Baltic Sea region. (author). refs.,fig.,tabs

  6. Estudio del comportamiento alimentario en escolares de 11 a 13 años de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Castells Cuixart, M.; Capdevila Prim, C.; Girbau Solà, T.; Rodríguez Caba, C.

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo: Conocer el entorno familiar, hábitos cotidianos y características sociales que pueden influir en la alimentación de los escolares de 11 a 13 años. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en 65 escuelas de la provincia de Barcelona, durante el segundo trimestre del 2000, obteniendo una muestra de 2.354 escolares encuestados por 73 farmacéuticos. El cuestionario está compuesto por 39 preguntas referentes al entorno familiar, hábitos alimentarios y de estilo de vida como...

  7. La satisfacción de los clientes de los centros deportivos municipales de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Elasri Ejjaberi, Amal; Triadó i Ivern, Xavier Ma.; Aparicio Chueca, Ma. del Pilar (María del Pilar)

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar y analizar las variables que más influyen en la satisfacción del cliente en los centros deportivos de Barcelona. Los datos fueron recogidos en una encuesta entre los clientes actuales de centros deportivos municipales. Un análisis factorial aplicado a esta información revela cinco dimensiones que subyacen a los múltiples componentes de la oferta de servicios en dichas instalaciones: su calidad, los recursos humanos, la comunicación, el entorno social...

  8. La satisfacció dels clients dels centres esportius municipals de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Elasri Ejjaberi, Amal; Triadó Ivern, Xavier M.; Aparicio Chueca, Pilar

    2015-01-01

    L’objectiu d’aquest treball és identificar i analitzar les variables que més influeixen en la satisfacció del client als centres esportius de Barcelona. Les dades van ser recollides en una enquesta entre els clients actuals de centres esportius municipals. Una anàlisi factorial aplicada a aquesta informació revela cinc dimensions que subjeuen als múltiples components de l’oferta de serveis en aquestes instal·lacions: la seva qualitat, els recursos humans, la comunicació, l’entorn social i la ...

  9. Apropiaciones sociodeportivas de espacios públicos urbanos. El caso de la comunidad cochabambina en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Borrás Tissoni, Omar

    2013-01-01

    [spa] Estudio cualitativo y cuantitativo de las apropiaciones de espacios públicos y semipúblicos de Barcelona y poblaciones limítrofes para la práctica del deporte por parte de colectivos de trabajadores extranjeros procedentes preferentemente de la región de Cochabamba, en Bolivia. Una parte del trabajo investigador se realizó en las poblaciones bolivianas de origen, con el fin de establecer qué pautas se reproducen y cuáles se modifican o se generan de nuevo en Catalunya. La investigac...

  10. Epidemiology of imported malaria among children and young adults in Barcelona (1990-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia-Villarrubia Mireia

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Increasing international travel and migration is producing changes in trends in infectious diseases, especially in children from many European cities. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and determine the trends of imported malaria in patients under 20 years old in the city of Barcelona, Spain, during an 18-year period. Methods The study included malaria cases that were laboratory confirmed and reported to the malaria register at the Public Health Agency of Barcelona from 1990 to 2008, residing in Barcelona and less than 20 years old. Patients were classified as natives (born in Spain or immigrants. Differences in the distribution of demographic, clinical characteristics, and incidence per 100,000 person-year evolution were analysed. Natives and immigrants were compared by logistic regression by calculating the odds ratio (OR with a 95% confidence interval (CI and Chi-square for a linear trend (p Results Of the total 174 cases, 143 (82.1% were immigrants, 100 (57.5% were female, 121 (69.5% Plasmodium falciparum, and 108 (62.1% were visiting friends and relatives (VFR as the reason for travel. Among the immigrants, 99 (67.8% were from Equatorial Guinea. Immigrant cases more frequently travelled to Africa than natives (p = 0.02. The factors associated with imported malaria among immigrant residents was travelling for VFR (OR: 6.2 CI 1.9-20.2 and age 15-19 (OR: 3.7 CI 1-13.3. The incidence increased from 1990 to 1999 (p Conclusions The majority of cases of malaria in population less than 20 years in Barcelona were immigrants, travelling to Africa for VFR and Plasmodium falciparum was most frequently detected. The trend analysis of the entire study period did not show a statistically significant decline. It is recommended to be aware of malaria, especially among children of immigrants who travel to their parent's home country for VFR. Better access to pre travel advice should be provided.

  11. La Unidad de Terapia de Conducta de la Universidad de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Saldaña García, Carmina; Bados López, Arturo; García-Grau, Eugeni; Balaguer, Gemma; Fusté-Escolano, Adela

    2009-01-01

    El trabajo presenta la Unidad de Terapia de Conducta (UTC) de la Universidad de Barcelona. La UTC nació en 1985 con la voluntad de formar a los psicólogos recién licenciados en la práctica profesional desde el modelo cognitivoconductual y crear un Servicio Clínico en la Facultad de Psicología que permitiera una mejora de la calidad de las actividades docentes e investigadoras a través de la asistencia psicológica a personas de dentro y fuera de la UB que así lo solicitaran. En el trabajo se d...

  12. Smart Tourism y Patrimonio Literario: Los casos de Edimburgo y Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Arcos Pumarola

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to evaluate the opportunities that arise from the creation of products based on mobile technology that help to interpret the literary heritage in tourist destinations. In first place and as state of the art, a research about mobile applications in Edinburgh, which is a consolidated touristic literary destination, is carried out. The conclusions of this research, together with the principal ideas of the Educating Cities movement, let the authors value, from a socioeducative and touristic perspective, the viability and the opportunities that come from the creation of these products in the context of Barcelona.

  13. Activity size distributions for long-lived radon decay products in aerosols collected in Barcelona (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Camacho, A.; Valles, I.; Vargas, A.; Gonzalez-Perosanz, M.; Ortega, X.

    2009-01-01

    The activity median aerodynamic diameters (AMADs) of long-lived radon decay product ( 210 Pb, 210 Po) in aerosols collected in the Barcelona area (Northeast Spain) during the period from April 2006 to February 2008 are presented. The 210 Po mean AMAD was 420 nm, while the 210 Pb mean AMAD was 500 nm. The temporal evolution of 210 Pb and 210 Po AMADs shows maxima in autumn and winter and minima in spring and summer. 210 Pb AMAD are being used to estimate the mean-residence time of atmospheric aerosols.

  14. Consciència de la higiène urbana en una Barcelona ofegada

    OpenAIRE

    el Haddad, Marie

    2017-01-01

    El Casc Antic de Barcelona va patir de sobrepoblació, congestió i diversos brots epidèmics fets que van augmentar la vigilància i preocupació per la higiene urbana. Un dels primers intents va començar quan Carles III i Carles IV van emetre reials decrets relatius a l'exhumació dels cementiris. El primer va prohibir de l'enterrament al costat de esglésies i hospitals i va imposar la conversió dels existents en places públiques, i el segon va permetre la construcció de cementiris extramurs llun...

  15. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and tributyltin (TBT) in Barcelona harbour sediments and their impact on benthic communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez-Llado, Xavier [Environmental Technology Area, CTM-UPC, Avda. Bases de Manresa 1, 08240 Manresa (Spain); Gibert, Oriol [Environmental Technology Area, CTM-UPC, Avda. Bases de Manresa 1, 08240 Manresa (Spain); Marti, Vicens [Environmental Technology Area, CTM-UPC, Avda. Bases de Manresa 1, 08240 Manresa (Spain)]. E-mail: vicens.marti@upc.edu; Diez, Sergi [Environmental Chemistry Department, IIQAB-CSIC, c/Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); Environmental Geology Department, ICTJA-CSIC, Lluis Sole i Sabaris, s/n, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Romo, Javier [Environmental Service of Barcelona Harbour Authority, Carretera de la Circumval.lacio, s/n, Tram VI, Sector 6, Barcelona (Spain); Bayona, Josep Maria [Environmental Chemistry Department, IIQAB-CSIC, c/Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); Pablo, Joan de [Environmental Technology Area, CTM-UPC, Avda. Bases de Manresa 1, 08240 Manresa (Spain)

    2007-09-15

    Sediments have long been recognised as a sink for many contaminants like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and tributyltin (TBT), which by virtue of their nature can strongly adsorb onto sediments affecting the benthic community inhabiting them. Using geographical information systems, this study reports and combines the results of several already existing studies along Barcelona harbour in order to assess the potential ecological impacts of these contaminants on the benthos of the harbour ecosystem. Chemical analysis indicated low to moderate contents of PAHs and high contents of TBT in sediments in Barcelona harbour. Comparison against existing sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) indicated that acutely toxic effects would not be expected for PAHs but for TBT, which represents a serious environmental threat for the benthic community. Benthos surveys revealed a deterioration of the benthic community throughout the harbour, especially in the inner port. - A possible correlation exists between TBT concentration in sediments and ecological effects on benthos in Barcelona harbour.

  16. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and tributyltin (TBT) in Barcelona harbour sediments and their impact on benthic communities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez-Llado, Xavier; Gibert, Oriol; Marti, Vicens; Diez, Sergi; Romo, Javier; Bayona, Josep Maria; Pablo, Joan de

    2007-01-01

    Sediments have long been recognised as a sink for many contaminants like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and tributyltin (TBT), which by virtue of their nature can strongly adsorb onto sediments affecting the benthic community inhabiting them. Using geographical information systems, this study reports and combines the results of several already existing studies along Barcelona harbour in order to assess the potential ecological impacts of these contaminants on the benthos of the harbour ecosystem. Chemical analysis indicated low to moderate contents of PAHs and high contents of TBT in sediments in Barcelona harbour. Comparison against existing sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) indicated that acutely toxic effects would not be expected for PAHs but for TBT, which represents a serious environmental threat for the benthic community. Benthos surveys revealed a deterioration of the benthic community throughout the harbour, especially in the inner port. - A possible correlation exists between TBT concentration in sediments and ecological effects on benthos in Barcelona harbour

  17. Comparative Study About 4 and 5 Star Hotels in Antalya and Barcelona According to Tourist Ratings at Holidaycheck Web Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozan GÜNGÖR

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Because the intangibilty of tourism product, reviews and ratings at online review web sites where real consumers share their experiences, become the most important information sources. In this research, according to ratings at Holidaycheck web site which is used mainly by German speaking tourists, it is aimed to compare 4 and 5 star hotels in Barcelona and Antalya. Documents analysis was used to collect data, collected data were uploaded to SPSS 20.0 and non paramectric methods were used to test the hypotheses. The findings showed that tourists were more satisfied with staff service at hotels in Barcelona than hotels in Antalya. Plus, they were more satisfied with sports and entertaintment facilities at hotels in Antalya than hotels in Barcelona.

  18. Análisis de la prestación de servicios a inmigrantes en la red Bibliotecas de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cervantes-Martínez, Luisa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the quality of library service provision to immigrants in the Bibliotecas de Barcelona network using as a reference IFLA’s Multicultural Communities: Guidelines for Library Services. By adopting these guidelines, public libraries can become environments capable of facilitating social cohesion, knowledge and cultural exchange, as well as interaction between users from different cultures. To carry out this study, several information sources were reviewed and two library managers from the Barcelona Library Consortium were interviewed. The results show a high level of compliance with the Guidelines by the Bibliotecas de Barcelona network. The possible implications of these results are discussed in relation to the role of public libraries as spaces of interaction and cultural exchange.El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la calidad de la prestación de servicios bibliotecarios a inmigrantes en la red Bibliotecas de Barcelona utilizando como referencia el documento Comunidades Multiculturales: Directrices para el Servicio Bibliotecario, elaborado por la International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA. La adopción de estas Directrices convierte a las bibliotecas públicas en entornos que pueden facilitar la cohesión social, el conocimiento e intercambio cultural y la interacción entre usuarios de distintas culturas. Para llevar a cabo este estudio se han revisado distintas fuentes de información y se ha entrevistado a dos responsables del Consorcio de Bibliotecas de Barcelona. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian la existencia de un alto nivel de cumplimiento de las Directrices en la red Bibliotecas de Barcelona. Se discuten las posibles implicaciones de estos resultados en relación con el papel de las bibliotecas públicas como espacios de interacción e intercambio cultural.

  19. La restauración de la iglesia de Sant Quirze de Pedret (Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Moreno-Navarro, Antoni

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Sant Quirze de Pedret is a small church built on late first millennium of our era. It belongs to the Town Council of Berga (province of Barcelona. Its Romanesque and pre- Romanesque paintings, found in 1922 and 1937 and kept in Barcelona and Solsona, enjoy international recognition. However, the first restoration carried out by the province county council of Barcelona (1959-1964 evidenced the successive phases of construction, and the evolution of its masonry is often subject to polemics. Twenty five years later a new restoration was needed. To complete the reconstruction initiated in 1959 and after thorough historical studies, mural paintings (originals and reproductions are once again decorating its walls.

    Sant Quirze de Pedret es una pequeña iglesia de finales del primer milenio propiedad del ayuntamiento de Berga (provincia de Barcelona. Es conocida internacional mente por las pinturas románicas y prerrománicas halladas en 1922 y 1937, conservadas en Barcelona y Sobona. La evolución de su fábrica ha sido, a menudo, origen de polémica. La primera restauración realizada por la Diputación de Barcelona (1959-1964, sin embargo, evidenció las sucesivas fases de construcción. Transcurridos 25 años fue necesaria una nueva restauración, también a cargo de la Diputación. Se completaron los estudios históricos y la reconstrucción formal iniciada en 1959 y las pinturas murales (originales o reproducidas han vuelto a decorar los muros.

  20. Road map towards a common harmonised Nordic end-user market. NordREG report 5 - 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-07-01

    The purpose of this road map is to describe the overall process to harmonise the Nordic electricity end-user markets. The main target groups for the road map are the Nordic governments, legislators and the electricity industry. The road map will continuously be updated as the project progresses, at least once a year. It describes the recommendations already made by NordREG, as well as indicates up-coming recommendations. One important part of the Nordic harmonisation process is the monitoring of the progress of the project. It will be communicated through national implementation monitoring overviews, which will describe the state of play for each recommendation made by NordREG. The road map highlights the importance of national commitment by different stakeholders, authorities and governments in order to successfully harmonise the Nordic end-user markets. This commitment is absolutely essential. The goal for 2015 is to harmonise some of the legislation, rules and processes that constitute barriers for suppliers to establish their business in other Nordic countries. In order to achieve this goal, NordREG is working towards defining responsibilities in the customer interface of the supplier centric model and the way of billing the customers. Another important task is related to development of an efficient way of communication among a large number of Nordic electricity companies. By 2015 the end-user markets should be harmonised to the extent that the most critical prerequisites have been achieved. But it is important to bear in mind that there are still many more steps to be taken also after 2015. The harmonisation process between the Nordic retail markets is a process that will continue for the foreseeable future. Since there is no supranational organisation or institution (like in the EU), it means that any future development of the Nordic retail market will have to be continuously coordinated between the Nordic countries to ensure that the markets maintain the

  1. Replacing car trips by increasing bike and public transport in the greater Barcelona metropolitan area: a health impact assessment study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas-Rueda, D; de Nazelle, A; Teixidó, O; Nieuwenhuijsen, M J

    2012-11-15

    Estimate the health risks and benefits of mode shifts from car to cycling and public transport in the metropolitan area of Barcelona, Spain. We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA), creating 8 different scenarios on the replacement of short and long car trips, by public transport or/and bike. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality and change in life expectancy related to two different assessments: A) the exposure of travellers to physical activity, air pollution to particulate matter car trips, starting and ending in Barcelona City, to cycling (n=141,690) would be for the travellers who shift modes 1.15 additional deaths from air pollution, 0.17 additional deaths from road traffic fatality and 67.46 deaths avoided from physical activity resulting in a total of 66.12 deaths avoided. Fewer deaths would be avoided annually if half of the replaced trips were shifted to public transport (43.76 deaths). The annual health impact in the Barcelona City general population (n=1,630,494) of the 40% reduction in car trips would be 10.03 deaths avoided due to the reduction of 0.64% in exposure to PM2.5. The deaths (including travellers and general population) avoided in Barcelona City therefore would be 76.15 annually. Further health benefits would be obtained with a shift of 40% of the car trips from the Greater Barcelona Metropolitan which either start or end in Barcelona City to public transport (40.15 deaths avoided) or public transport and cycling (98.50 deaths avoided).The carbon dioxide reduction for shifting from car to other modes of transport (bike and public transport) in Barcelona metropolitan area was estimated to be 203,251t/CO₂ emissions per year. Interventions to reduce car use and increase cycling and the use of public transport in metropolitan areas, like Barcelona, can produce health benefits for travellers and for the general population of the city. Also these interventions help to reduce green house gas emissions. Copyright © 2012

  2. Application of resistivity measurements to research on structural elements in the Nord-Limousin (France) uraniferous basin (1960); Application des mesures de resistivite a la recherche des elements structuraux dans le bassin uranifere du Nord-Limousin (France) (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarcia, J A; Bonnet, J; Combe, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the exploration of a typical deposit in the Nord-Limousin, using the resistivity measurement method. In the zone in question the over-thrust was very variable and difficult to predict. The uraniferous deposits had two types of aspect, the passage from one to the other being often very sudden: long thin veins without gangue; short and thick lens-shape deposits which were strongly contaminated by clay towards their edges. After several unsatisfactory attempts, the device known as the 'rectangular map' was adopted and gave an acceptable structural representation rapidly and cheaply. For the placing of the probes however, methods are required which are more refined and sensitive. It is in any case useless to expect to obtain a satisfactory representation and a sufficient accuracy using a single technique; especially in the region under consideration. (author) [French] Les auteurs exposent les difficultes rencontrees pour l'exploration, par la methode des mesures de resistivite, d'un gisement type du Nord-Limousin: il s'agissait d'une zone a recouvrement tres variable et difficilement previsible. Les occurences uraniferes y affectaient deux facies passant brutalement de l'un a l'autre: longs filonnets minces et sans gangue; lentilles courtes et puissantes avec alteration argileuses tres etendue aux epontes. Apres plusieurs essais peu satisfaisants, le dispositif dit 'carte des rectangles' a ete adopte pour obtenir rapidement et a bon compte un schema structural suffisant. Mais des methodes plus fines et plus sensibles sont necessaires pour guider l'implantation des sondages. Il est d'ailleurs vain d'esperer trouver a la fois la representativite d'ensemble et la precision, dans l'utilisation d'une seule technique, surtout dans la region envisagee. (auteur)

  3. Cerdà and Barcelona: The need for a new city and service provision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Pallares Barbera

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines Ildefons Cerdà’s 1860 Plan for the Urban Expansion of Barcelona; specifically, how and why it was conceived in a unique way, in which the provision of services to the population was an important part. Cerdà based his expansion proposal on an in depth socio statistical study of old Barcelona’s population conditions. The high mortality rates of the working class population and poor health and education conditions pushed Cerdà to design a new type of urban planning, which he defined as “urbanism”. In his proposal for the new city, he planned the location of services such as marketplaces, schools and hospitals. The first part of this paper introduces the urban and political preconditions of Barcelona and the statistics on which Cerdà based his contribution. The second part uses location theory and a geographic information system (GIS to analyse the pattern of location and the population served by markets and hospitals. In addition, topographic maps from 1926 and 1975 are used to study the development of the expansion up to when it was fully developed. The evolution of the city differed from Cerdà’s proposal, partly due to unexpected increases in population density, the built environment, and higher amounts of building occupation. Nevertheless, Cerdà’s layout of streets and avenues has prevailed.

  4. Quantification of thermal bioclimate for the management of urban design in Mediterranean climate of Barcelona, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Algeciras, José Abel; Matzarakis, Andreas

    2016-08-01

    In order to contribute to the sustainability of the outdoor environment, knowledge about the urban thermal bioclimate should be transferred into climatic guidelines for planning. The general framework of this study responds to the need of analyzing thermal bioclimate in Mediterranean climate regions and its influence as an urban design factor. The paper analyzes the background of the urban climate and thermal bioclimate conditions in Barcelona (Spain), through the effect of shade conditions and wind speed variations. Simulations of shade and wind speed variations were performed to evaluate changes in thermal bioclimate due to modifications in urban morphology. Air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and solar radiation for the period from January, 2001 to January, 2015 were used to calculate physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) using the RayMan model. The results demonstrate that shade is the most important strategy to improve urban microclimatic conditions. In Barcelona, human thermal comfort conditions can be improved by shade and wind speed increase in terms of PET above 23 °C and by a wind speed decrease for thresholds of PET below 18 °C. Heat stress situations can be mitigated by shade and wind speed increase in conditions above 35 and 45 °C, respectively. The results of the study are an important contribution for urban planners, due to their possibilities and potential for the description of microclimatic conditions in Mediterranean climate regions. The knowledge is useful for improved human thermal comfort conditions, from the suitable configuration of urban form and architecture.

  5. Modeling of photochemical air pollution in the Barcelona area with highly disaggregated anthropogenic and biogenic emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toll, I.; Baldasano, J.M.

    2000-01-01

    The city of Barcelona and its surrounding area, located in the western Mediterranean basin, can reach high levels of O 3 in spring and summertime. To study the origin of this photochemical pollution, a numerical modeling approach was adopted and the episode that took place between 3 and 5 August 1990 was chosen. The main meteorological mesoscale flows were reproduced with the meteorological non-hydrostatic mesoscale model MEMO for 5 August 1990, when weak pressure synoptic conditions took place. The emissions inventory was calculated with the EIM-LEM model, giving highly disaggregated anthropogenic and biogenic emissions in the zone studied, an 80 x 80 km 2 area around the city of Barcelona. Major sources of VOC were road traffic (51%) and vegetation (34%), while NO x were mostly emitted by road traffic (88%). However, emissions from some industrial stacks can be locally important and higher than those from road traffic. Photochemical simulation with the MARS model revealed that the combination of mesoscale wind flows and the above-mentioned local emissions is crucial in the production and transport of O 3 in the area. On the other hand, the geostrophic wind also played an important role in advecting the air masses away from the places O 3 had been generated. The model simulations were also evaluated by comparing meteorological measurements from nine surface stations and concentration measurements from five surface stations, and the results proved to be fairly satisfactory. (author)

  6. Sowing Resilience and Contestation in Times of Crises: The Case of Urban Gardening Movements in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Camps-Calvet

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Urban gardens have been observed to multiply in response to crises. However, the meaning and motivations behind the emergence of gardening movements varies greatly over space and time. In this paper we argue that bottom up urban gardening initiatives taking place in Southern European countries in form of land occupation and communalization represent forms of resistance that enhance social cohesion and collective action in times of need. Specifically, this research examines the role of urban gardens in (i building community resilience and (ii articulating forms of resistance and contestation to development pressure and commodified urban lifestyles. Our research is based on data collected among 27 urban gardening initiatives in Barcelona, Spain, including 13 self-governed community gardens and 14 public gardens. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with gardeners and with staff from the Barcelona City Council. Our results show mechanisms through which urban gardens can contribute to build resilience by nurturing social and ecological diversity, generating and transmitting local ecological knowledge, and by creating opportunities for collective action and self-organization. We further examine collectively managed gardens as urban commons that emerge as a form of resistance to the privatization of public urban space, and that offer opportunities to experiment with new models of urban lifestyles. We show how gardening initiatives can be seen to represent an emerging form of urban green commons that provides a suitable ground to ‘sow’ resilience and contestation in times of crises and socio-ecological deterioration.

  7. Wiki en la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Alcance y perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergi Robles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde mayo del año 2004, un grupo de profesores de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ha llevado a cabo distintas experiencias docentes en educación superior enfocadas a los nuevos planes piloto definidos en el marco del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES basadas en la utilización del wiki, con el fin de mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Se han desarrollado distintos materiales docentes para el aprendizaje autónomo y semi-presencial, diseñados para potenciar el trabajo colaborativo y a distancia. El análisis de los resultados obtenidos con la aplicación del wiki a la docencia ha permitido identificar las ventajas y las carencias del sistema de trabajo inicial y ampliar sus posibilidades con herramientas que aseguran una mejor adaptación de esta plataforma al EEES. La labor desarrollada por el grupo y el interés despertado en la comunidad universitaria son el punto de partida de la integración del wiki en el Campus Virtual (la plataforma institucional de soporte virtual del aprendizaje de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona que se está llevando a cabo actualmente.

  8. Guillem Eimeric, a Jurist of a Patrician Family of Barcelona († 1301

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batlle i Gallart, Carme

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to draw the biography of Guillem Eimeric, a Jurist born in Barcelona, who lived in the second half of 13th century. The study is based on the Guillem Eimeric’s will and on the inventory of his properties and goods. Among his goods, his rich Library deserves to be especially mentionned. The paper finishes with a study of the lineage from Eimeric de Perusia and with an analysis of the banking affairs of his relatives.

    L’objecte d’aquest article és traçar la biografia de Guillem Eimeric, jurista de Barcelona, que visqué a la segona meitat del segle XIII. El treball es basa sobretot en l’anàlisi del seu testament i en l’inventari dels seus béns, entre els quals destaca una rica biblioteca. L’article es completa amb l’estudi del llinatge procedent d’Eimeric de Perusia i dels negocis realitzats pels seus familiars banquers.

  9. 6th International Accounting Congress of Barcelona (1929 organised by the Association of Accountants of Catalonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josepa Alemany

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: the work presented is a descriptive, contextual and detailed analysis of the activity, and the conclusions developed in the first international accounting conference held in Barcelona. The 6th International Conference on Accounting which took place in Barcelona coinciding with the International Exhibition of 1929, was organised by the Association Internationale de Comptabilité of Brussels. This association proposed holding regular meetings to discuss and study technical accounting and economic issues related to that time. Approach: the originality of the work lies in being an analytical description of the original documents prepared by the Association of Accountants of Catalonia about the conference. Findings/Originality: this study allows redoing assumptions made in previous works, because the documents before this work were contradictory regarding dates, facts and some of the content covered. Limitations: the biggest limitation of the work comes from the lack of written documentation existing on this conference. Value: the present study continues the research on topics of history of accounting in Catalonia. It is expected to complement this work by a deeper analysis of the contents and the topics covered in the papers presented at the conference, and by linking them with the theoretical accounting lines existing at that time.

  10. TURISMO SOSTENIBLE: LUGAREÑOS FRENTE A TURISTAS. EL CASO DE LA CIUDAD DE BARCELONA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Abril Sellares

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo conocer cómo ha afectado el incremento de turistas y sus actividades en su estancia en una ciudad concreta y cómo afectan sus actitudes y acciones a los lugareños de dicha zona. Así mismo se pretende tratar la problemática de los apartamentos turísticos ilegales creados a raíz de una fuerte demanda y las primeras respuestas que ha dado la administración ante las constantes manifestaciones de rechazo de los vecinos de la zona a tratar. La tipología de turismo en la que se centra este estudio es el llamado turismo de masas y concretamente en el turismo de sol y playa y de borrachera, que ha alcanzado altas cotas en estos últimos diez años (Ajuntament de Barcelona 2014, donde los criterios de sostenibilidad parece que no son los principios rectores en la práctica de la actividad turística. Por tanto, hemos visto, por un lado, la necesidad de tratar los conceptos de turismo sostenible y la aplicación que se dan en un caso real: la ciudad de Barcelona y concretamente un barrio marinero como es la Barceloneta y, por otro lado, conocer qué efectos tanto sociales como económicos ha tenido en esta área geográfica concreta la práctica de este turismo.

  11. Estimation de l'aléa sismique dans les Andes nord équatoriennes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Andes Nord équatoriennes ont connu de nombreux séismes historiques destructeurs. Pour caractériser l’aléa sismique de la région andine, nous avons fait une révision critique de la sismicité historique et de l’ensemble des failles actives de l’Équateur. Les deux sources majeures de l’aléa sismique sont respectivement la subduction superficielle pour la région côtière et le système transpressif des hautes Andes pour la région andine. Ce système est composé de failles décrochantes dextres d’orientation N30-35°E (failles du Rio Chingual-La Sofia et Pallatanga qui limitent respectivement au Nord et au Sud des failles inverses N-S du relais compressif de la vallée interandine (failles de Quito et de Latacunga. L’étude des mécanismes au foyer superficiels des Andes équatoriennes nous a permis de calculer une vitesse de raccourcissement crustal de 4.6 mm/a selon une direction N92°E et d’estimer des temps de récurrence et des périodes de retour. Un séisme de Mw = 5 pourrait se produire tous les 0.5 an, de Mw = 6 tous les 4.5 ans, de Mw = 7 tous les 45.4 ans. De même, sur une période de temps de 33 ans, 66 séismes de Mw=5 peuvent être attendus, 7 séismes de Mw=6 et 1 séisme de Mw=7. Enfin, nous avons estimé pour l’ensemble des sources sismogènes de la région andine des magnitudes maximales probables et des temps de récurrence. Un séisme de magnitude 7 à 7.5 peut se produire sur la faille du Rio Chingual tous les 400±440 ans et de magnitude 6.7 à 7.2 tous les 380±320 ans sur la faille de Pallatanga. Dans la vallée interandine, la faille de Quito est susceptible d’engendrer un séisme de magnitude 6.6 à 7.6 tous les 930±300 ans. LA AMENAZA SÍSMICA EN LOS ANDES ECUATORIANOS. Los Andes del Norte del Ecuador son una región sismogénica mayor, donde se puede contabilizar muchos terremotos históricos destructores. A fin de determinar la amenaza sísmica sobre la región andina, se hizo la asociaci

  12. Gobernanza Urbana y Participación Comunitaria. Los Casos de Barcelona, Bilbao y Pamplona (Urban Governance and Community Involvement. Cases of Barcelona, Bilbao and Pamplona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imanol Telleria

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on a detailed study of three cases (Barcelona, ​​Pamplona and Bilbao trying to address from a theoretical perspective a more current characterization of urban movements, joining in a framework of analysis the contributions of the American and European schools study of social movements. To do this, we present the results of empirical research conducted in the districts of the three cities and perform a comparison of the most important variables. This research shows that urban movements have become increasing their ability to access aided by the opening of opportunities on local governance (EOP and have driven participatory processes articulated from a communitarian methodology (repertoires, intended to promote democratic management of the city (speech from reticular logic (organization oriented at re-structuring of society, as a prelude to increasing its influence on urban policies. Este artículo se basa en un estudio en profundidad de tres casos (Barcelona, Pamplona y Bilbao tratando de abordar desde una perspectiva teórica una caracterización más actual de los movimientos urbanos, aunando en un marco de análisis los aportes de las escuelas americana y europea de estudio de los movimientos sociales. Para ello, presentamos los resultados de la investigación empírica realizada en los barrios de las tres ciudades y realizamos una comparativa de las variables más importantes. Este estudio demuestra que los movimientos urbanos se han transformado aumentando su capacidad de acceso ayudados por  la apertura de oportunidades provocada por la gobernanza local (EOP y han impulsado procesos participativos que, articulados desde la metodología comunitaria (repertorios, pretenden provocar un impulso de la gestión democrática de la ciudad (discurso a partir de lógicas reticulares (organización orientadas a la re-vertebración de la sociedad, como paso previo al aumento de su  influencia sobre las políticas urbanas

  13. SCI-NutriNord - a Nordic Initiative on Patient Education on Nutrition for People with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steensgaard, Randi

    2017-01-01

    People with SCI are at high risk of developing secondary conditions of which several are linked to nutrition: overweight/obesity, chronic constipation and/or diarrhea and pressure sores are some examples. Proper nutrition is imperative to prevent and treat these conditions. However, there is a lack...... of evidence-based information materials about healthy eating for people with SCI at least in the Nordic languages. The aim of this multidisciplinary workshop is to: A. Inform about SCI-NutriNord and the first steps that have been taken in developing materials on nutrition as educational teaching aids...... to malnutrition Target group for this workshop is persons who have an interest in problem areas linked to nutrition and SCI, and who want to take part in the development of relevant patient education materials....

  14. Application of resistivity measurements to research on structural elements in the Nord-Limousin (France) uraniferous basin (1960)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarcia, J.A.; Bonnet, J.; Combe, R.

    1960-01-01

    The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the exploration of a typical deposit in the Nord-Limousin, using the resistivity measurement method. In the zone in question the over-thrust was very variable and difficult to predict. The uraniferous deposits had two types of aspect, the passage from one to the other being often very sudden: long thin veins without gangue; short and thick lens-shape deposits which were strongly contaminated by clay towards their edges. After several unsatisfactory attempts, the device known as the 'rectangular map' was adopted and gave an acceptable structural representation rapidly and cheaply. For the placing of the probes however, methods are required which are more refined and sensitive. It is in any case useless to expect to obtain a satisfactory representation and a sufficient accuracy using a single technique; especially in the region under consideration. (author) [fr

  15. L’architecture médiévale en brique dans le nord de l’Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Debonne, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    Dans le nord de l’Europe, l’archéologie du bâti accorde un intérêt particulier à la brique, ce matériau de construction qui se répand très vite après sa « réinvention » aux alentours de 1200. Si les recherches sur l’histoire de la brique dans ces régions remontent au début du xxe siècle, on assiste depuis une vingtaine d’années à une nouvelle dynamique des études dans plusieurs pays. L’Allemagne donne le ton : non seulement s’y développe une variété d’approches de l’architecture médiévale en ...

  16. Mental health and wellbeing in spouses of persons with dementia: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ask, Helga; Langballe, Ellen Melbye; Holmen, Jostein; Selbæk, Geir; Saltvedt, Ingvild; Tambs, Kristian

    2014-05-01

    Caring for a spouse diagnosed with dementia can be a stressful situation and can put the caregiving partner at risk of loss of mental health and wellbeing. The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dementia and spousal mental health in a population-based sample of married couples older than 55 years of age. The association was investigated for individuals living together with their demented partner, as well as for individuals whose demented partner was living in an institution. Data on dementia were collected from hospitals and nursing homes in the county of Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. These data were combined with data on spousal mental health, which were collected in a population-based health screening: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). Of 6,951 participating couples (>55 years), 131 included one partner that had been diagnosed with dementia. Our results indicate that after adjustment for covariates, having a partner with dementia is associated with lower levels of life satisfaction and more symptoms of anxiety and depression than reported by spouses of elderly individuals without dementia. Spouses living together with a partner diagnosed with dementia experienced moderately lower levels of life satisfaction (0.35 standard deviation [SD]) and more symptoms of depression (0.38 SD) and anxiety (0.23 SD) than did their non-caregiving counterparts. Having a partner with dementia that resided in a nursing home was associated with clearly lower life satisfaction. Compared with non-caregivers, these spouses reported lower levels of life satisfaction (1.16 SD), and also more symptoms of depression (0.38 SD), and more symptoms of anxiety (0.42 SD). Having a partner with dementia is associated with loss of mental health and reduced life satisfaction. The risk of adverse mental health outcomes is greatest after the partner's nursing home admission.

  17. Römerzeitliche keramik aus dem nordöstlichen Turm der Römerstadt Horreum Margi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petković Sofija

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ćuprija, die ehemalige Römerstadt Horreum Margi, liegt im zentralen Teil Serbiens, an der Mündung des Flusses Ravanica in die Morava. Der Ort war ein Militärlager und spielte eine wichtige Rolle als Sammlungszentrum der Römerprovinz Moesia Superior (Moesia Prima. Zwischen 1986 und 1990 fanden die Ausgrabungen von Horreum Margi statt. Dabei wurden der Innenraum der spätrömischen Festung, die nördliche Mauer und der nordöstliche Turm erforscht. Während der Ausgrabung im Turm wurden unterschiedliche Keramiktypen entdeckt. Schüsseln (acht Typen bilden dabei die Mehrheit. Danach kommen Töpfe (sieben Typen, Amphoren (zwei Typen, Krüge (zwei Typen, Deckel (ein Typ und Becher (ein Typ. Sie gehören alle zu einer komplexen spätrömerzeitlichen Typologie, die für diese Fundstelle erstellt wurde und entsprechen zu den restlichen Keramiktypen, die im Festungsinneren und entlang der Nordmauer ausgegraben kamen. Der Text bietet einen Überblick aller Keramiktypen an, die im nordöstlichen Turm der Römerfestung Horreum Margi entdeckt wurden. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177007: Romanisierung, Urbanisierung und Transformation städtischer Zentren vomzivilen, militärischen und Wohnungscharakter in den römischen Provinzen auf dem Territorium Serbiens i br. 177007: Viminacium dierömische Stadt und Militärlager-Forschung der materiellen und geistigen Hinterlassenschaft mit der Verwendung moderner Technologien: Ferndetektion, Geophysik, Gis Digitalisierung und 3.D Visualisierung

  18. Эстонские ученые против строительства Nord Stream

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia kirjast president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja peaminister Andrus Ansipile sooviga moodustada professionaalne komisjon, mis töötaks läbi Nord Streami gaasijuhtme keskkonnamõju hindamise materjalid

  19. Финны могут поддержить Nord Stream / Мадис Филиппов

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Филиппов, Мадис

    2009-01-01

    Soome ja Eesti keskkonnaministeeriumi ning teadlaste kohtumisel arutati gaasijuhtmega Nord Stream kaasnevaid probleemseid keskkonnaküsimusi: Eesti teadlased on endiselt seisukohal, et gaasijuhtmel on Eesti keskkonnale väga negatiivne mõju

  20. Defectos en soldaduras de estructura metálica. Aplicación a una obra en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Vergara, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    Estudio de los defectos y aceptación de los mismos, en las uniones soldadas de una estructura metálica importante de una obra singular en Barcelona. Análisis de los ensayos destructivos y no destructivos de Aceptación de las soldaduras.

  1. Los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona, 25 años después (3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Solanellas Donato

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los ejes básicos de la organización de unos juegos olímpicos son sus instalaciones deportivas. Desde esta perspectiva se analizan la inversión, la gestión y el impacto que estas han tenido en la ciudad de Barcelona. Las instalaciones olímpicas de Barcelona 1992 no se situaron únicamente en la ciudad ni todas ellas fueron explotadas en base al mismo deporte que albergaron. Uno de los éxitos de Barcelona fue dimensionar la inversión de acuerdo con las necesidades reales de la ciudad. También en materia de instalaciones deportivas se cumplió este principio. En este tercer artículo se aportan datos económicos, información sobre la construcción y posterior gestión de las instalaciones deportivas y su impacto en el incremento de la práctica deportiva de la ciudadanía de Barcelona.

  2. El Plan Especial de transformación urbana del barrio de La Mina, Barcelona, Premio Nacional de Urbanismo

    OpenAIRE

    Urban, Editor

    2011-01-01

    Lo que ha ido ocurriendo en el barrio de La Mina en los últimos 30 años es un magnífico ejemplo de las luces y sombras que rodean la gran transformación urbana, económica y social que ha sacudido la ciudad de Barcelona y su entorno en estos decenios.

  3. Synoptic analysis of heat waves in the Barcelona city (Catalonia, Spain) during 21st century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaro, Jéssica; Peña, Juan Carlos; Miró, Josep Ramon; Aran, Montserrat

    2017-04-01

    The impact of extremely warm episodes on health has been analysed by a large number of studies conducted in different countries and cities, showing that heat waves events (HWE) can cause an abrupt increase in mortality. A HWE was defined as a 7-day sequence following a key-day labelled by the 95th percentile of Barcelona daily mortality (see Peña et al., 2015). The aim of this study is to identify synoptic patterns associated to HWE in Barcelona over the 21st century and evaluate the impact and possible mitigations. To achieve it, a multivariate analysis (MVA) integrating different atmospheric levels (sea level pressure, temperature at 850 hPa and geopotential at 500 hPa) was undertaken. The observed data used for this study was the 20th Century Reanalysis. The Max Planck Institute Earth system model was used to study two scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5) during the 21st century. The model was calibrated given the variability in the climate scenario, using the Quantile-Quantile mapping transformation (Q-Q). The MVA applied to the observed period (1990-2015) distinguish three main synoptic patterns: two dynamic configurations produced by southern fluxes related to an Atlantic low, associated with HWE recorded in southern Europe, and a third pattern identified by a stagnation situation related to persistent anticyclone periods. These patterns were also detected in the control simulated period (1961-2005) after the Q-Q calibration, preserving, therefore, the climatic variability: the number of HWE during the warm period (1990-2005) is twice more than during the cold period (1976-1989) due to an intensification of the warm masses. In the RCP 4.5 scenario (2006-2100 period) a positive and significant trend is shown in synoptic patterns which provoke HWE in Barcelona, especially during August; in the RCP 8.5 scenario there is no significant trend, but the intensification of the warm masses is higher.

  4. Emprendimiento y supervivencia empresarial en época de crisis: El caso de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Buil Fabregá

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objeto: El trabajo que se presenta en este artículo es la primera parte de un estudio sobre las estrategias llevadas a cabo por las empresas en épocas de crisis. Este primer artículo analiza las características financieras de las empresas creadas en Barcelona en los inicios de la crisis y que han sobrevivido durante la misma. Este estudio pretende contrastar las características financieras de las empresas analizadas con las medidas llevadas a cabo para mantener su rentabilidad en épocas de crisis y determinar si existen patrones de comportamiento distintos entre empresas creadas en sectores industriales y no industriales. Diseño/metodología: Análisis estadístico-descriptivo de las medias y variaciones de los principales indicadores financieros y de recursos humanos que se relacionan con  las medidas tomadas por las empresas  en época de crisis. La base de datos utilizada ha sido el SABI y el período de referencia 2008-2013. Aportaciones y resultados: Las empresas creadas en Barcelona en los inicios de la crisis y que han sobrevivido presentan algunos rasgos comunes: muestran un EBITDA positivo, los recursos propios constituyen una fuente relevante de financiación, tienden a reducir su nivel de endeudamiento o se disminuye inversión. Los ratios de la rentabilidad financiera son muy bajos ya que el patrimonio neto de la empresa es alto y la deuda es baja. Referente a los indicadores de recursos humanos, nos indican la importancia de las empresas de nueva creación en la generación de empleo y sus tasas de productividad son altas. Valor añadido: Determinar las características financieras de las empresas creadas en los inicios de la crisis y que sobreviven en Barcelona en época de crisis para determinar si siguen medidas para mantener su rentabilidad. La existencia de un conjunto de medidas estadísticamente significativas puede servir de guía a los emprendedores del futuro así como de las políticas públicas de apoyo a los

  5. Methodology for the Detection of Residential Vulnerable Areas - the Case of Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornado, Cossima; Garcia-Almirall, Pilar; Vima, Sara; Vila Busqued, Gemma; Uzqueda, Angel

    2017-10-01

    In a context of a shifting environmental, economic and social paradigm, European cities face a situation that is at the same time challenge and opportunity: the need for urban rehabilitation of the vulnerable degraded socio residential fabric. Public administrations in big cities and metropolitan areas are confronted with both the undercurrent need of actualization of the built stock and the rise of urban residential vulnerability. The city of Barcelona, as many others, is the result of multiple phenomena with high urban and social consequences. The socio spatial integration of immigrant population, the touristic rise and gentrification processes are current situations simultaneously taking place in the city. In parallel, a framework of economic crisis in which public investments in urban and social matters decrease, provides a temporal juncture that results into an increase of social polarization and socio economic inequality that becomes evident and expressed in the territory. This research focuses in the case of Barcelona, and presents a methodology based on a system of indicators elaborated through the exploitation of statistical data complemented with very specific data supplied by the Barcelona City Council. The accurate knowledge of socio demographic, socioeconomic and residential and urban characteristics is crucial in order to define the very complex urban dynamics that describe in the city neighbourhoods and areas. Residential vulnerability is defined as an assembly of objective conditions that relate to residential space and indicate situations of social discrimination and structural disadvantage of the population, related to a specific time and context. Thus, it is relevant to analyse the concentration of certain indicators of vulnerability in specific places or neighbourhoods, to contrast its effect on the socio-residential situation and its temporal evolution in order to identify tendencies. The present study contributes to the identification of data

  6. Geodetic Infrastructure in the Ibiza and Barcelona Harbours for Sea Level Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Benjamin, J. J.; Gili, J.; Lopez, R.; Tapia, A.; Perez, B.; Pros, F.

    2013-12-01

    The presentation is directed to the description of the actual situation and relevant information of the geodetic infrastructure of Ibiza and Barcelona sites for sea level determination and contribution to regional sea level rise. Time series are being analysed for mean sea level variations www.puertos.es. .In the framework of a Spanish Space Project, the instrumentation of sea level measurements has been improved by providing the Barcelona site with a radar tide gauge Datamar 2000C from Geonica s.l. near an acoustic tide gauge. Puertos del Estado installed in 2007 a MIROS radar tide gauge and the Barcelona Harbour Authority a GPS referente station in the roof of the new Control Tower situated in the Energy Pier. The radar sensor is over the water surface, on a L-shaped structure which elevates it a few meters above the quay shelf. 1-min data are transmitted to the ENAGAS Control Center by cable and then sent each 1 min to Puertos del Estado by e-mail. There is a GPS station Leica Geosystems GRX1200 GG Pro and antenna 1202. Precision levelling has been made several times in the last two years because the tower is founded in reclaimed land. The measured settlement rate is about 1cm/year that may be could mask the values registered by the tide gauge. A description of the actual infrastructure at Ibiza harbour at Marina de Botafoch, is presented and its applications to sea level monitoring and altimeter calibration in support of the main CGPS at Ibiza harbour. It is described the geometrical precision levelling made in June 2013 between the radar tide gauge and the GPS station. In particular, the CGPS located at Ibiza harbour is essential for its application to the marine campaign Baleares 2013, near Ibiza island. The main objective is to determine the altimeter bias for Jason-2, about 9:09 UTC September 15, 2013, and Saral/AltiKa, about 05:30 UTC September 16, UTC. These activities has been received funding of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under Spanish

  7. On the spatial distribution and evolution of ultrafine particles in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dall'Osto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sources and evolution of ultrafine particles were investigated both horizontally and vertically in the large urban agglomerate of Barcelona, Spain. Within the SAPUSS project (Solving Aerosol Problems by Using Synergistic Strategies, a large number of instruments was deployed simultaneously at different monitoring sites (road, two urban background, regional background, urban tower 150 m a.s.l., urban background tower site 80 m a.s.l. during a 4 week period in September–October 2010. Particle number concentrations (N>5 nm are highly correlated with black carbon (BC at all sites only under strong vehicular traffic influences. By contrast, under cleaner atmospheric conditions (low condensation sink, CS such correlation diverges towards much higher N/BC ratios at all sites, indicating additional sources of particles including secondary production of freshly nucleated particles. Size-resolved aerosol distributions (N10–500 as well as particle number concentrations (N>5 nm allow us to identify three types of nucleation and growth events: (1 a regional type event originating in the whole study region and impacting almost simultaneously the urban city of Barcelona and the surrounding urban background area; (2 a regional type event impacting only the regional background area but not the urban agglomerate; (3 an urban type event which originates only within the city centre but whose growth continues while transported away from the city to the regional background. Furthermore, during these clean air days, higher N are found at tower level than at ground level only in the city centre whereas such a difference is not so pronounced at the remote urban background tower. In other words, this study suggests that the column of air above the city ground level possesses the optimal combination between low CS and high vapour source, hence enhancing the concentrations of freshly nucleated

  8. Bodies or organisms? Medical encounter as a control apparatus at a primary care centre in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Zaballos Samper

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Medical practice is driven by technology, discourses, and knowledge about health and illness. This has resulted in its gaining a dominating position in power relations achieved by means of diagnosis, medicalization, and habit and conduct creation and maintenance. Interaction at primary care centres is built on mainstream biomedical views of both the medical discourse and the social practices related to health, illness and the human body. Moreover, it is also rooted on the ideologies conveyed by those social concepts, which in turn, permeate interaction all through with power relations. The present paper takes ethnographic data and in-depth interviews as a departing point to analyse how diagnosis, medicalization, and biopolicies for health prevention and improvement carried out in primary care centres in Barcelona make up a control apparatus. Furthermore, this essay also explores how the apparatus is developed in the medical encounter and turns the body into an organism.

  9. Estudio del impacto atmosférico del cambio del parque vehicular en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Moya, Roser

    2017-01-01

    Este TFG tiene como finalidad el cálculo de emisiones de contaminantes atmosféricos debidos al tráfico rodado en Barcelona para vehículos de más de 15 años de antigüedad que circulen por la ciudad y la posible retirada de estos vehículos a cambio de incentivos de transporte público gratuito durante 1 año. En éste se estiman las emisiones de óxido nitroso y partículas en suspensión producidas por el parque vehicular barcelonés (turismos, camiones, furgonetas, motocicletas y ciclomotores). P...

  10. An observational study of the 7 September 2005 Barcelona tornado outbreak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bech

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an observational study of the tornado outbreak that took place on the 7 September 2005 in the Llobregat delta river, affecting a densely populated and urbanised area and the Barcelona International airport (NE Spain. The site survey confirmed at least five short-lived tornadoes. Four of them were weak (F0, F1 and the other one was significant (F2 on the Fujita scale. They started mostly as waterspouts and moved later inland causing extensive damage estimated in 9 million Euros, three injured people but fortunately no fatalities. Large scale forcing was provided by upper level diffluence and low level warm air advection. Satellite and weather radar images revealed the development of the cells that spawned the waterspouts along a mesoscale convergence line in a highly sheared and relatively low buoyant environment. Further analysis indicated characteristics that could be attributed indistinctively to non-supercell or to mini-supercell thunderstorms.

  11. Los futuros pedagogos ante el hecho religioso. Estudio exploratorio en la Universidad de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Freixa Niella

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un estudio exploratorio sobre la diversidad religiosa-­‐cultural y el diálogo interreligioso surgido de la investigación financiada por la Generalitat de Cataluña “Gestionar la diversitat religiosa i cultural des de l’educació. Els Futurs agents socioeducatius” (2014 RELIG 00019. Se analizan los planes docentes de los grados de la facultad de Educación de la Universidad de Barcelona y se valida un instrumento de medición de las actitudes de los futuros agentes socioeducativos aplicándolo a una muestra de estudiantes de último curso de Pedagogía. Los resultados indican actitudes moderadamente altas y la importancia de estar formado para promover el diálogo interreligioso.

  12. Cambios en las formas del comercio y el consumo en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carles Carreras I Verdaguer

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an analysis of the historical evolution of retail forms and infrastructures in the city of Barcelona and of the cosummer patterns of its citizens. First, some antecedents are defined at the very beginnig of xxth Century, looking after to the big transformation of the sixties, the real and late Spanish bourgeois revolution. The next period corresponds to the changes started in 1986, with the integration of Spanish economy into the European Market. An evaluation of the present situation remarks the relevance of the legal constraints and of the relative delay in the development of some modern commercial forms in the City. From the study of some relevants questions on the consumers behaviour a clear conclusion appears relative to the inercia of some local trends in front of the weight of globalization.

  13. Highlights of the EANM Congress Barcelona 2009: increasing our impact in diagnostic imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roca, Isabel

    2010-01-01

    The EANM Congress 2009 took place in Barcelona from 10 to 14 October under the chairmanship of Dr. Martin-Comin. As always, the meeting was successful with high-level scientific content and a great number of participants. In spite of the economic crisis, industry made an important contribution presenting new revolutionary equipment and tracers, and in particular the pharmaceutical industry has increased its involvement in our speciality. This article is a brief summary of the major scientific contributions presented at the annual congress 2009, highlighting the fields of nuclear medicine at a higher level of development, including those with an increased clinical impact (especially oncology, but also cardiology, neurology and other clinical sciences), new detectors and multimodality imaging, and those fields showing important progress, including radiochemistry and pharmacy (with the development of new tracers and increased collaboration of industry). (orig.)

  14. Regularizaciones y trayectorias de inmigrantes no comunitarios en la provincia de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreu Domingo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es triple: 1 comparar el impacto de la Normalización de 2005, con el proceso de Arraigo instaurado en 2006; 2 analizar las trayectorias de los solicitantes de ambos programas después de su regularización; y 3 examinar la repesca de los solicitantes que no pudieron regularizar su estatus a través de la Normalización o posteriormente con el Arraigo. Se han adoptado dos enfoques, uno transversal, para analizar el volumen y la intensidad de entrada, y otro longitudinal para monitorizar las trayectorias de los solicitantes de ambos procesos. Para ello se han utilizado datos de la Subdelegación del Gobierno en Barcelona desde 2005 hasta 2010. Si bien los resultados arrojan cierto optimismo respecto a ambos procesos, también se demuestra la difi cultad de regularización en tiempos de crisis.

  15. Substance use among medical students in Barcelona (Spain). A comparison with previous surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, M E; Cami, J

    1986-11-01

    During the academic year 1983-1984, a survey on drug consumption was conducted among medical students in Barcelona. There was a high proportion of smokers in both sexes. Alcohol consumption was four times higher among men than women; high proof beverages were becoming the most common drinks. Coffee was the caffeine drink consumed by almost the whole population studied. Although cannabis derivatives had been tried at least once by almost all the students, regular consumers were almost non-existent. Amphetamine consumption was restricted to examination periods. The use of opiates, cocaine, hallucinogens, and solvents was rare for the sample. Results from this study are compared with those from similar surveys conducted 5 and 10 years ago.

  16. [Smoking in the hospitality sector: an observational study in Barcelona (Spain), 2008].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalbí, Joan R; Baranda, Lucía; López, M José; Nebot, Manel

    2010-01-01

    To describe the actual presence of smoking in restaurant and hospitality premises after the smoking prevention act banning smoking in workplaces came into force in 2006, with wide exemptions in this sector. We performed an observational, descriptive study in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) in 2008 based on cluster sampling, with 1130 premises. The results were stratified by premise type. Up to 85.7% of food shops allowing consumption within their premises (bakeries, pastry shops...) ban smoking, as well as 85% of fast food establishments. Among restaurants, 40% are smoke-free or have separate smoking areas. Bar-cafés and café-restaurants (the most abundant premises) usually allow smoking. There are more smoke-free options in central districts and in shopping malls. Up to 75.4% of all premises allow smoking freely. These results show the limitations of the law. Copyright 2009 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Annual Congress Report From Barcelona 2017.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, Kimio; Takahashi, Jun; Matsumoto, Yasuharu; Tatebe, Shunsuke; Aoki, Tatsuo; Kikuchi, Yoku; Hao, Kiyotaka; Ohyama, Kazuma; Nogi, Masamichi; Suda, Akira; Kasahara, Shintaro; Sato, Koichi; Ichijo, Sadamitsu; Shimokawa, Hiroaki

    2017-11-24

    From August 26th to 30th, the 2017 Annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2017) was held in Barcelona, Spain. Despite the terrorism tradegy just before the ESC congress, the congress attracted many medical professionals from all over the world to discuss the recent topics in cardiovascular medicine in more than 500 sessions, including COMPASS (Cardiovascular OutcoMes for People using Anticoagulation StrategieS Trial), CANTOS (Canakinumab Anti-Inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study), and ORION (which assessed the effect of a novel siRNA inhibitor to PCSK9 on reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol). Japanese cardiologists and the Japanese Circulation Society greatly contributed to the congress. This report briefly introduces some late-breaking registry results, late-breaking clinical trials, and ESC Guidelines from the ESC 2017 Congress.

  18. European Society of Cardiology Congress 2017 (August 26-30, 2017 - Barcelona, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klischies, S

    2017-12-01

    The annual congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is the largest medical congress in Europe for this area of research and took place this year in Barcelona, Spain. The ESC Congress 2017 gathered more than 30,000 registered participants from over 140 countries together to share their knowledge in all cardiovascular fields, from basic science to management and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The congress comprised 5 days of science and education with over 11,000 abstracts submitted, 500 expert sessions and over 200 exhibiting companies, making it the prime meeting platform for the profession. This year's ESC Congress Spotlight was "40 years of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)." PCI is a nonsurgical procedure used to treat narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary artery disease.

  19. School success of Moroccan youth in Barcelona. Theoretical insights for practical questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrera, Diego

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the relationship between ethnic identity and school performance of Moroccan youth living in Barcelona (Spain, particularly in cases of academic success. The bulk of the article makes reference to examples from ethnographical research to pinpoint the strategies used by some of these youths and their families to transcend the cultural, linguistic, and social barriers they face both in school and in their wider community. In so doing, we shift our gaze from John Ogbu’s immigrant/involuntary typology to the patterns of variability along ethnic, class and gender lines that exist within this minority group. Results from recent ethnographic research points out that high academic performance does not necessarily entails neither rejection of ethnicity nor simple conformity. Rather, some of these Moroccan youth adopt an instrumental view of education that promotes the development of new and proactive cultural identities inside and outside the school arena.

  20. Suburban landscape assessment applied to urban planning. Case study in Barcelona Metropolitan Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Serrano Giné

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Urban fringes set complex landscapes, in transition from rural to natural and urban, with fuzzy boundaries in mutual interdependence. The European Landscape Convention gives notorious importance to everyday landscapes, including those of suburban character. Few landscape evaluation researches are done in suburban areas, which is surprising considering its importance and abundance. This paper shows a methodology, yield on geographical information systems (GIS, for landscape assessment of suburban areas, useful in urban planning. Its main interest lies in a double assessment, which considers both landscape quality and landscape fragility, applied systematically. The procedure is applied in Muntanyes d’Ordal in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Spain, an area with pronounced regional strengths and contrasted landscape values. Results are of important applicability and indicate a predominance of mean values, both for landscape quality and landscape fragility.

  1. An evaluation of monk parakeet damage to crops in the metropolitan area of Barcelona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senar, J.C.; Domenech, J.; Arroyo, L.; Torre, I.; Gordo, O.

    2016-07-01

    We evaluated damage to commercial crops caused by the monk parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus, in the Baix Llobregat agricultural area (1,024 ha) bordering the city of Barcelona, Spain. Average crop loss was 0.4% for tomatoes, 28% for corn, 9% for red plums, 36% for round plums, 37% for pears, 17% for persimmons, and 7% for quinces. Our data show that the potential damage to crops by monk parakeets in this invaded area is now a reality. As a wait–and–see approach is likely to be a more costly strategy in the long–term, policy makers should assess issues such as the extent of damage, feasibility/cost benefit analysis, and public opinion so as to avoid greater damage and loss in the future. (Author)

  2. Valuation of travel time savings for intercity travel: The Madrid-Barcelona corridor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roman, Concepcion; Carlos Martin, Juan; Espino, Raquel

    2014-01-01

    We derive values of travel time savings (VOT) for the Madrid-Barcelona corridor, linking the two largest cities in Spain, based on the estimation of discrete choice models among the main public transport services in the corridor: air transport, high speed rail (HSR) and bus. The new HSR alternative...... (which started to operate in February 2008) competes directly with one of the densest airline domestic markets in the world, and its introduction produced substantial improvements in level of service, achieving reductions in travel time of more than 50% over the conventional train. A specifically...... to provide useful information to quantify users' benefits during the lifespan of a given project. We found, as expected, that HSR and air transport users exhibit substantially higher values for saving travel time than bus travellers. Also as expected, savings of waiting time are more valued than savings...

  3. Infancia, familias monoparentales e inmigración latinoamericana en Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalina Alcalde-Campos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre pobreza, monoparentalidad e infancia es un hecho constatado en numerosos estudios. Menos exploradas han sido las condiciones de vida de los niños y niñas de familias monoparentales inmigradas. En este artículo presentamos los hallazgos de una investigación cualitativa llevada a cabo en Barcelona entre 2008 y 2009 con 18 familias monoparentales encabezadas por mujeres latinoamericanas migrantes. Describimos el elevado riesgo de pobreza y de exclusión social que sufren estas personas menores y los efectos educativos y sociales que se derivan de sus condiciones de vida en España.

  4. Infancia, familias monoparentales e inmigración latinoamericana en Barcelona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iskra Pávez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre pobreza, monoparentalidad e infancia es un hecho constatado en numerosos estudios. Menos exploradas han sido las condiciones de vida de los niños y niñas de familias monoparentales inmigradas. En este artículo presentamos los hallazgos de una investigación cualitativa llevada a cabo en Barcelona entre 2008 y 2009 con 18 familias monoparentales encabezadas por mujeres latinoamericanas migrantes. Describimos el elevado riesgo de pobreza y de exclusión social que sufren estas personas menores y los efectos educativos y sociales que se derivan de sus condiciones de vida en España.

  5. The population-based Barcelona-Asymptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis Study (ASIA: rationale and design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pera Guillem

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Large-artery intracranial atherosclerosis may be the most frequent cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. Traditional approaches have attempted to target the disease when it is already symptomatic. However, early detection of intracranial atherosclerosis may allow therapeutic intervention while the disease is still asymptomatic. The prevalence and natural history of asymptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis in Caucasians remain unclear. The aims of the Barcelona-ASymptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis (ASIA study are (1 to determine the prevalence of ASIA in a moderate-high vascular risk population, (2 to study its prognostic impact on the risk of suffering future major ischemic events, and (3 to identify predictors of the development, progression and clinical expression of this condition. Methods/Design Cross-over and cohort, population-based study. A randomly selected representative sample of 1,503 subjects with a mild-moderate-high vascular risk (as defined by a REGICOR score ≥ 5% and with neither a history of cerebrovascular nor ischemic heart disease will be studied. At baseline, all individuals will undergo extracranial and transcranial Color-Coded Duplex (TCCD ultrasound examinations to detect presence and severity of extra and intracranial atherosclerosis. Intracranial stenoses will be assessed by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA. Clinical and demographic variables will be recorded and blood samples will be drawn to investigate clinical, biological and genetic factors associated with the presence of ASIA. A long-term clinical and sonographic follow-up will be conducted thereafter to identify predictors of disease progression and of incident vascular events. Discussion The Barcelona-ASIA is a population-based study aiming to evaluate the prevalence and clinical importance of asymptomatic intracranial large-artery atherosclerosis in Caucasians. The ASIA project may provide a unique scientific resource to better

  6. The population-based Barcelona-Asymptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis Study (ASIA): rationale and design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Cancio, Elena; Dorado, Laura; Millán, Mónica; Reverté, Silvia; Suñol, Anna; Massuet, Anna; Mataró, María; Galán, Amparo; Alzamora, Maite; Pera, Guillem; Torán, Pere; Dávalos, Antoni; Arenillas, Juan F

    2011-02-17

    Large-artery intracranial atherosclerosis may be the most frequent cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. Traditional approaches have attempted to target the disease when it is already symptomatic. However, early detection of intracranial atherosclerosis may allow therapeutic intervention while the disease is still asymptomatic. The prevalence and natural history of asymptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis in Caucasians remain unclear. The aims of the Barcelona-ASymptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerosis (ASIA) study are (1) to determine the prevalence of ASIA in a moderate-high vascular risk population, (2) to study its prognostic impact on the risk of suffering future major ischemic events, and (3) to identify predictors of the development, progression and clinical expression of this condition. Cross-over and cohort, population-based study. A randomly selected representative sample of 1,503 subjects with a mild-moderate-high vascular risk (as defined by a REGICOR score ≥ 5%) and with neither a history of cerebrovascular nor ischemic heart disease will be studied. At baseline, all individuals will undergo extracranial and transcranial Color-Coded Duplex (TCCD) ultrasound examinations to detect presence and severity of extra and intracranial atherosclerosis. Intracranial stenoses will be assessed by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Clinical and demographic variables will be recorded and blood samples will be drawn to investigate clinical, biological and genetic factors associated with the presence of ASIA. A long-term clinical and sonographic follow-up will be conducted thereafter to identify predictors of disease progression and of incident vascular events. The Barcelona-ASIA is a population-based study aiming to evaluate the prevalence and clinical importance of asymptomatic intracranial large-artery atherosclerosis in Caucasians. The ASIA project may provide a unique scientific resource to better understand the dynamics of intracranial atherosclerosis from

  7. [Second-hand smoke exposure in hospitality venues in Barcelona: measurement of respirable particles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarroel, Nazmy; López, María José; Sánchez-Martínez, Francesca; Fernández, Esteve; Nebot, Manel

    2011-01-01

    To quantify the concentration of respirable particles equal to or smaller than 2.5μm (PM(2.5)) as a marker of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in a sample of hospitality venues in Barcelona 2 years after the Spanish smoking law came into effect. We performed a cross-sectional descriptive study from October to December 2007. The study population consisted of 40 hospitality venues in Barcelona selected by a random route sampling, with representation of the different types of smoking regulation included in the law (smoking allowed, smoking ban and venues with smoking areas). SHS levels were quantified by measuring PM(2.5) concentrations, which were measured using a laser photometer (Side Pack AM 510 Personal Aerosol Monitor). The measurements were carried out for 5 minutes outside the venue and for 30 minutes inside the venue. In addition, observational variables related to the characteristics of the venue and signs of tobacco consumption were recorded. The concentration of PM(2.5) in venues where smoking was still allowed was five times higher than that in venues where smoking was banned (182μg/m(3) and 34μg/m(3), respectively) and exceeded the concentration established by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as harmful (35μg/m(3)). However, in venues where smoking was banned, the concentration was lower than the EPA standard and there were no significant differences with the outdoor PM(2.5) concentration. Two years after the introduction of the Spanish smoking law, SHS exposure in venues where smoking was allowed was q still very high, representing a significant health risk for hospitality workers. Copyright © 2010 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  8. Barcelona Rocks, a mobile app to learn geology in your city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyer, Adelina; Cabrera, Lluis; Alias, Gemma; Aulinas, Meritxell; Becerra, Margarita; Casadellà, Jordi; Clotet, Roger; Delclós, Xavier; Fernández-Turiel, José-Luis; Tarragó, Marta; Travé, Anna

    2016-04-01

    Barcelona Rocks is an application for personal mobile devices suitable for secondary and high school students as well as the general public without a solid background in Earth Sciences. The main objective of this app is to teach Geology using as learning resource our city façades and pavements. Additionally, Barcelona Rocks provides a short explanation about the significance of the appearance of the different rock types at the different historical periods of the city. Although it has been designed as a playful learning resource for secondary school students, the level of knowledge also allows bringing some basic concepts and principles of Earth Sciences to the general public, irrespective of age. This app is intended to provide the degree of interactivity and entertainment required by the different individual users and aims to: (i) Explain the techniques and experiments that allow the user to identify the different rocks, as well as their genesis. (ii) Introduce geology to the youngest users in a more attractive and entertaining way, providing also some information regarding the use of the different ornamental rocks during the different historical periods of the city: roman, medieval, etc. (iii) Provide historical and architectural information of the selected buildings in order to improve the city's historical architectural knowledge of the users. (iv) Show the non-expert public the importance of their country's geology. (v) Develop of outreach and dissemination resources taking advantage of the versatile and potent mobile application format using also the content as support material for science courses, seminars, or social learning events. (vi) Encourage new generations of Earth Scientists (vii) Promote science and scientific culture of the society, integrating culture and innovation as essential for the emergence of new scientific and technological vocations, promoting critical thinking, understanding of the scientific method and the social interest in science

  9. Trastornos menores de salud en una muestra de estudiantes de la Universidad de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MT Icart Isern

    Full Text Available Introducción: conocer la prevalencia de algunos trastornos menores de salud (TMS en una muestra de estudiantes de la Universidad de Barcelona (2004-05. Material y métodos: El estudio se realizó en las facultades de Ciencias Económicas, Farmacia, Medicina, Psicología y Químicas y Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Barcelona. Se empleó un diseño observacional, descriptivo y transversal mediante un cuestionario mixto administrada a 600 estudiantes durante el mes de diciembre de 2004. Las variables estudiadas corresponden a los siguientes TMS: insomnio, estreñimiento, cefalea, dolor osteomuscular, tics nerviosos, onicofagia y tricotilomania. Resultados: El sexo femenino representa el 64% de la muestra; la media de edad de los encuestados es de 22,7 (DE: 3,27; IC 95%: 22,43-22,96. Las mujeres acumulan el 67,79% de los 1.245 TMS identificados. Por sexo, se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las prevalencias de cefalea, dolor osteomuscular y tricotilomania que afectan en mayor medida al sexo femenino. La onicofagia (264; 21,20%; IC 95%: 18-24,4 es el más extendido de los TMS, seguido de la cefalea (233; 18,72%; IC 95%: 15,6-21,84. los estudiantes de Psicología presentan el mayor número, seguidos de los de Ciencias Económicas; los que presentan un menor número son los de Farmacia y Químicas. Conclusiones: El sexo femenino presenta la mayor prevalencia de TMS. La onicofagia y la cefalea son los principales TMS identificados en la muestra. Los estudiantes de Psicología acumulan el mayor número de TMS, siendo los que presentan más cefalea, dolor osteomuscular y tricotilomania.

  10. EL PROYECTO DE LA OLIMPIADA POPULAR DE BARCELONA (1936, ENTRE COMUNISMO INTERNACIONAL Y REPUBLICANISMO REGIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Gounot

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los archivos del KOMINTERN en el Centro Ruso de Conservación y Estudio de los Documentos sobre la Historia Contemporánea (CRCRHC de Moscú, recientemente abiertos para el estudio científico, nos ofrecen fuentes documentales fundamentales para entender el desarrollo de la Internacional Deportiva Roja (IDR como una de las organizaciones auxiliares del citado KOMINTERN. Las referidas fuentes documentales han aportado nuevas informaciones y datos sobre la creación en España en 1931, con el establecimiento de la 2ª República, de la Federación Cultural y Deportiva Obrera (FCDO, organización que en 1934 se adhiere a la Internacional Deportiva Roja (IDR, siendo el embrión del nacimiento del Comité Catalán pro Deporte Popular que presentaría el proyecto de la Olimpiada Popular de Barcelona de 1936 como alternativa a la Olimpiada de Berlín de 1936 de Hitler. Por otra parte la Internacional Deportiva Roja (IDR creó a finales de 1935 el Comité Internacional para la defensa de la Idea Olímpica, cuyo objetivo era coordinar los movimientos de oposición a los Juegos de Berlín. También la propia Federación Cultural y Deportiva Obrera (FDCO fundó en 1936 el Comité Español de Defensa del Espíritu Olímpico con este mismo fin. La Olimpiada Popular de Barcelona de 1936 permitió entre otras cosas expresar la nueva alianza entre Comunismo y Olimpismo, construida con discursos contradictorios apoyándose en el universalismo, la paz y la igualdad de razas.

  11. [Tobacco use by adolescents in Barcelona (Spain) and trends in the last 20 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariza, Carles; García-Continente, Xavier; Villalbí, Joan Ramon; Sánchez-Martínez, Francesca; Pérez, Anna; Nebot, Manel

    2014-01-01

    Smoking is a preventable cause of early death and the habit starts in adolescence. The aim of this study was to describe tobacco consumption in secondary school students in 2008 and trends in the last 20 years in Barcelona. We analyzed the trend in tobacco consumption by comparing data from 8 surveys carried out between 1987 and 2008 in the 8th (2nd year of Compulsory Secondary Education), 10th (4th year of Compulsory Secondary Education) and 12th (2nd year of Compulsory Secondary Education) years of secondary school. The FRESC questionnaire was used. Data on regular and daily consumption and associated factors in 2008 were gathered and compared with those corresponding to the previous studies. Percentages of annual change were calculated with Joinpoint regression and data were stratified by sex and year of education. In 2008, 6.1% of boys and 4.5% of girls in the 8th year, 15.8% and 20.4% of those in the 10th year, respectively, and 26.1% and 33.1% of those in the 12th year, respectively, were regular smokers. A strong association was noted between regular smoking and cannabis consumption in three school years, as well as with having friends who were smokers and poor school performance. At 15-16 years old, the average annual decrease from 1996 to 2008 was 6.8% in girls and 6.1% in boys. Adolescent smoking has been decreasing in the last few years in Barcelona. There is a strong association between tobacco use and cannabis consumption. Copyright © 2013 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Patterns of physical activity and associated factors among teenagers from Barcelona (Spain) in 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Trasserra, Alicia; Pérez, Anna; Continente, Xavier; O'Brien, Kerry; Bartroli, Montse; Teixidó-Compaño, Ester; Espelt, Albert

    To estimate the prevalence of moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), and associated factors among teenagers from Barcelona in 2012. Cross-sectional survey to assess risk factors in a representative sample of secondary school students (aged 13-16 years, International Standard Classification of Education [ISCED] 2, n=2,162; and 17-18 years, ISCED 3, n=1016) in Barcelona. We estimated MVPA prevalence overall, and for each independent variable and each gender. Poisson regression models with robust variance were fit to examine the factors associated with high-level MVPA, and obtained prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Only 13% of ISCED 2 and 10% of ISCED 3 students met the WHO physical activity recommendations. This percentage was lower among girls at both academic levels. MVPA was lower among ISCED 3 compared to ISCED 2 students, and among students with a lower socioeconomic status. Physical activity was associated with positive self-perception of the health status (e.g., positive self-perception of health status among ISCED 2 compared to ISCED 3 students: PR=1.31 [95%CI: 1.22-1.41] and 1.61 [95%CI: 1.44-1.81] for boys and girls, respectively]. The percentage of teenagers who met WHO MVPA recommendations was low. Strategies are needed to increase MVPA levels, particularly in older girls, and students from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Copyright © 2016 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. La integración energética de los países nórdicos -Nord Pool-: lecciones para otros mercados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo García Rendón

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe el proceso de integración del mercado eléctrico de los países nórdicos -Nord Pool-, además de establecer algunas reflexiones sobre dicha experiencia, las cuales pueden ser importantes para regiones que se encuentran en el mismo proceso, como es el caso de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones -CAN-. Inicialmente hace alusión a la teoría que fundamenta el intercambio de bienes y servicios y los principios económicos que justifican la integración de mercados para luego concentrarse en el caso del Nord Pool, examinando el proceso y sus principales resultados.

  14. La integración energética de los países nórdicos —Nord Pool—: lecciones para otros mercados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Mario Palacios

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe el proceso de integración del mercado eléctrico de los países nórdicos —Nord Pool—, además de establecer algunas reflexiones sobre dicha experiencia, las cuales pueden ser importantes para regiones que se encuentran en el mismo proceso, como es el caso de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones —CAN—. Inicialmente hace alusión a la teoría que fundamenta el intercambio de bienes y servicios y los principios económicos que justifican la integración de mercados para luego concentrarse en el caso del Nord Pool, examinando el proceso y sus principales resultados.

  15. Frankova éra ve Španělsku ze zorného úhlu El Clásica: FC Barcelona proti Realu Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Vakulenko, Darya

    2013-01-01

    Master's thesis "Franco years in Spain through El Clásico: FC Barcelona vs. Real Madrid" explores the football rivalry between Real Madrid and Barcelona teams during the franquismo. The theme of Real Madrid, understood as a team supported and promoted by the Spanish regime is prevailing throughout the paper. Another part describes deep cultural symbolism of FC Barcelona in Catalonian region. The last part unites those two subjects by explaining how their rivalry or El Clásico games, were more...

  16. Nord stream: not just a pipeline. An analysis of the political debates in the Baltic Sea region regarding the planned gas pipeline from Russia to Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whist, Bendik Solum

    2008-11-15

    This report is an analysis of the planned gas pipeline from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea known as Nord Stream. Although not yet realised, the project has, since its birth, been the subject of harsh criticism and opposition by a significant number of states that consider themselves affected by the pipeline. Whereas the Baltic States and Poland have interpreted the pipeline as a politically motivated strategy that will increase Russia's leverage on them and threaten their energy security, the debate in Sweden was at first mostly concerned with the prospect of increased Russian military presence in the Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone. The potential environmental impact of the pipeline has been, and continues to be, an overarching concern shared by all the littoral states of the Baltic Sea. Proponents of Nord Stream, most notably Germany, Russia and the Nord Stream consortium, have largely dismissed the concerns as unwarranted and argue that the pipeline is a common European project that all EU-members should embrace, as it will provide much-needed gas to an increasingly energy-thirsty union. This report is an extensive study of the divergent attitudes and debates that have surged in the region regarding Nord Stream, and the aim is to provide plausible explanations as to why the interpretations of the project have been so different in the various states. The report is based on a variety of sources, including several first-hand interviews with researchers and government officials in the Baltic Sea region. (author). refs.,fig.,tabs

  17. NKS NordRisk II: Atlas of long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith Korsholm, Ulrik; Astrup, Poul; Lauritzen, Bent

    The present atlas has been developed within the NKS/NordRisk-II project "Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe". The atlas describes risks from hypothetical long-range dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from 16 nuclear risk sites on the Northern Hemisphere...... spanning the climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and corresponding time evolution of the ensemble mean atmospheric dispersion....

  18. Asie : Asie de l'Est : Japon : Région de Kanto : Préfecture de Tokyo : Tokyo : Habitations récentes dans la banlieue Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Lubeigt , Guy

    1983-01-01

    Commentaire de l'auteur en 2015: Tokyo a été presque entièrement détruite par les bombardements US en 1945 - Toutes les maisons en bois ont flambé; Légende manuscrite sur le document original : "Tokyo, banlieue N. Nouveau lotissement, toits en tuiles. " Géolocalisation : Approximative centrée sur le Nord de Tokyo.

  19. Source apportionment of particles at Station Nord, North East Greenland during 2008–2010 using COPREM and PMF analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. T. Nguyen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to develop strategies for controlling and reducing Arctic air pollution, there is a need to understand the basic mechanisms for determining the fate of air pollution in the Arctic. Sources of atmospheric particles at Station Nord (81° 36' N, 16° 40' W in North East Greenland were evaluated for a two-year period from March 2008 to February 2010. Source apportionment using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF and COnstrained Physical REceptor Model (COPREM was based on measurements of black carbon, elements (Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Pb and inorganic ions (SO2, SO42−, Na+, NH4+, NO3, Cl2−. In general, source apportionment results by PMF and COPREM showed good agreement. Five sources adequately explained the measurements, which included a Marine and a Soil source of natural origin and three additional anthropogenic sources, which were all influenced by metal industries. One anthropogenic source was dominated by Zn of which air mass back trajectories using the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT model suggested a Canadian Arctic origin, despite certain influences from Southern and Eastern origins. Another anthropogenic source was characterised by high concentrations of Pb and As, which has been historically referred to as a Combustion source at Station Nord. The impacts of large-scale industry in Siberia, Russia were evident through high Cu concentrations in both the Combustion source and an additional Cu/Ni source.

    Br correlated well with the anthropogenic species S and Pb though the elements are unlikely to have a common origin. More likely, sulphuric acid aerosols serve as transport containers for Br species of marine origin. Of particular relevance to climate, sources of black carbon were identified to be

  20. Una aproximación a la segregación digital metropolitana y urbana: las comarcas de la provincia de Barcelona y los distritos de la ciudad de Barcelona en el año 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaparro Mendivelso Jeffer

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La segregación digital se refiere a la diferenciación en cuanto al acceso y al uso de las tecnologías digitales de la información y la comunicación (TDIC . Esa diferenciación puede establecerse tanto en términos sociodemográficos como territoriales. El artículo que se presenta es un intento de perfilar la segregación digital en las escalas regional y local, específicamente en las comarcas de la provincia de Barcelona y en los distritos de la ciudad de Barcelona en el año 2000. El uso de información a nivel de hogares permitió constatar territorialmente la existencia de algunas variables sociodemográficas que influyen en la conexión a Internet.

  1. The Role of Bullfighting and FC Barcelona in the Emancipation of Catalonia from Spain (El papel de la corrida de toros y FC Barcelona en la emancipación de Cataluña de España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. TKac

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paper looks at the role that bullfighting and FC Barcelona have played in the growing independence movement in Catalonia. This article will discuss nations, the importance of bullfighting and soccer to Iberian cultures, Catalan political parties and their role in the nationalist movement, the vote to prohibit bullfighting and FC Barcelona´s increasing political conscious. I conclude that bullfighting and soccer have been used by political parties and those associated with the nationalist movement to foster feelings of difference with Spain. These feelings have been passed from the top down to the Catalan people and risk alienating those who are not in agreement with the nationalist movement.Resumen: Este trabajo examina el papel que la corrida de toros y el equipo de fútbol FC Barcelona han hecho en el movimiento continuo hacia la independencia en Cataluña. Discute el concepto de la nación, la importancia de las corridas y el fútbol en culturas ibéricas, partidos políticos catalanes y su rol en el voto a favor de la prohibición de las corridas en Cataluña y la evolución de la conciencia política cada vez más evidente de FC Barcelona. Concluyo que los partidos políticos y otros asociados con el movimiento hacia la independencia se han aprovechado de las corridas y el fútbol para destacar diferencias culturales con España. Esta actitud de diferencia se ha trasladado de arriba-abajo al pueblo catalán y el movimiento nacionalista corre el riesgo de alienar a los que no comparten sus creencias.

  2. Polycentricity, Performance and Planning: Concepts, Evidence and Policy in Barcelona, Catalonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Masip-Tresserra

    2017-11-01

    environmental objectives. It is necessary to conduct a further exploration of the three aforementioned major issues related to (1 the conceptualization of polycentricity, (2 the empirical analysis of the dis(advantages of polycentricity, and (3 how to interpret the relationship between polycentricity in research and polycentricity in policy. That is the key motivation for this thesis: to link the knowledge of polycentric constellations and their economic, social, and environmental effects to planning practice and policy in metropolitan areas. General aims and questions The overarching research goal of this dissertation is to contribute to the debate on polycentricity in the three interrelated issues mentioned above. First, it aims to renew the conceptualization of polycentricity by bringing together two distinct literatures, namely, the literature on intra-urban polycentricity and the literature on inter-urban polycentricity. Second, it aims to empirically substantiate the relationship between polycentricity and performance in metropolitan areas. Third, it aims to understand how the makers of spatial plans have addressed polycentric development and how the assumed benefits of polycentricity can be realized in planning practice. To accomplish these goals, this thesis addresses three general research questions: • How has the conceptualization of polycentric development in spatial plans evolved over time, and what can be learned from this evolution? • How has polycentricity been conceptualized in research, and how can it inform planning practice? • To what extent does polycentricity foster better performance in a metropolitan area, and how can its effects be realized in planning practice? Single case study: the Barcelona metropolitan region The case study of this thesis is the Barcelona metropolitan region. With approximately 5 million people, the Barcelona metropolitan region is the primary urban agglomeration of Catalonia, an autonomous region of 7.5 million inhabitants

  3. Bilateral contracts and the spot market for electricity: some observations on the British and the NordPool experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herguera, Inigo

    2000-01-01

    The performance of the futures and the spot market for electricity in England and Wales (EW) and in the Nordic countries have significant differences in terms of volumes traded and evolution of prices. Even though the institutional arrangements show significant differences and the data collected has important limitations we observe in EW for 1990-199 that as the coverage via bilateral contracts diminished, spot prices tended to increase, there was higher price volatility and an increasing number of plants were declared unavailable. In the NordPool, by contrast, market structure is more distributed, the bilateral contract price has tended to smooth the volatility in the spot price and a very diverse pattern behavior of prices has been observed. We interpret these observations as additional support in favor of the theoretical result by and Vila (Journal of Economic Theory 59 (1993) 1), but hint at the possibility of strategies by the firms that can diminish the welfare enhancing properties of this new bilateral market. (Author)

  4. Are electricity risk premia affected by emission allowance prices? Evidence from the EEX, Nord Pool and Powernext

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daskalakis, George; Markellos, Raphael N.

    2009-01-01

    The links between emission and energy markets are of great interest to practitioners, academics and policy makers. In this paper, it is conjectured that a positive relationship exists between emission allowance spot returns and electricity risk premia within the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). We discuss how this can be justified on the basis of the substantial uncertainties in the carbon markets. We also argue that this link could be due to trading strategies followed by electricity producers who attempt to exploit their initial allocation of free allowances. Analysis of data from three major markets, the EEX, Nord Pool and Powernext, offers empirical support to our conjecture. These findings have significant policy implications since they imply that efforts should be made in order to reduce the uncertainty in the carbon markets by clearly defining the EU ETS regulative framework and design over the next years. Moreover, our results suggest that the allocation of free allowances and their unrestricted trading enable electricity producers to accomplish windfall profits in the derivatives market at the expense of other market participants. (author)

  5. NKS-B NordRisk II: Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe - Summary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.

    2011-05-01

    The objective of the NordRisk II project has been to derive practical means for assessing the risks from long-range atmospheric dispersion of radioactive materials. An atlas over different atmospheric dispersion and deposition scenarios has been developed using historical numerical weather prediction (NWP) model data. The NWP model data covers three years spanning the climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and the atlas considers radioactive releases from 16 release sites in and near the Nordic countries. A statistical analysis of the long-range dispersion and deposition patterns is undertaken to quantify the mean dispersion and deposition as well as the variability. Preliminary analyses show that the large-scale atmospheric dispersion and deposition is near-isotropic, irrespective of the release site and detailed climatology, and allows for a simple parameterization of the global dispersion and deposition patterns. The atlas and the underlying data are made available in a format compatible with the ARGOS decision support system, and have been implemented in ARGOS. (Author)

  6. The association between diabetes mellitus, glucose, and chronic musculoskeletal complaints. Results from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zwart John-Anker

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM and chronic musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between DM, non-fasting glucose and chronic MSCs defined as pain and/or stiffness ≥ 3 months during the past year in the general adult population. Methods The results were based on cross-sectional data from 64,785 men and women (aged ≥ 20 years who participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey, which included 1,940 individuals with known DM. Associations were assessed using multiple logistic regression, estimating prevalence odds ratio (OR with 95% confidence intervals (CIs. Results High non-fasting glucose was associated with a lower prevalence of chronic MSCs compared to a low glucose level. DM was associated with higher prevalence of chronic MSCs, in particular chronic widespread MSCs. In the multivariate analysis, adjusting for glucose level, BMI, age, gender and physical activity, chronic widespread MSCs was 1.6 times more likely (OR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.2–2.2 among individuals Conclusion In this cross-sectional study a high non-fasting glucose was associated with lower prevalence of chronic MSCs. Among individuals with known DM chronic widespread MSCs were more likely.

  7. Salmonella spp. e antibiotico-resistenza in Mammiferi e Uccelli selvatici in Italia nord-occidentale dal 2002 al 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velca Botti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La Salmonella è un importante agente patogeno responsabile di zoonosi di notevole rilevanza economica. In Europa la salmonellosi è la seconda infezione trasmessa per via alimentare, in Italia il microrganismo continua ad essere la causa più frequente di infezione alimentare. In Europa sono in atto molti piani di sorveglianza di Salmonella in animali da allevamento, tuttavia il monitoraggio del microrganismo in animali selvatici è effettuato solo occasionalmente. Lo studio ha avuto l'obiettivo di indagare la presenza di Salmonella in animali selvatici e i ceppi antibiotico-resistenti. Nel periodo 2002-2010, 2.713 animali selvatici (Canidi, Mustelidi, Uccelli, Roditori e Ungulati, provenienti da aree dell'Italia nord-occidentale, sono stati testati per Salmonella mediante metodo microbiologico colturale seguito da tipizzazione sierologica e biochimica. Di questi, 117 (63 Canidi, 25 Mustelidi, 24 Uccelli, 5 Ungulati sono risultati positivi per Salmonella (4,3%. Sono stati isolati 130 ceppi appartenenti a diversi sierotipi e Salmonella Typhimurium è risultato quello più rappresentato. La sensibilità agli antibiotici è stata testata su 88 ceppi con test di disco-diffusione. La maggior parte dei ceppi analizzati (97,7% si sono mostrati intermedi (I o resistenti (R ad almeno una classe di antibiotici. I più alti valori sono stati osservati per la classe delle tetracicline. La presenza di sierotipi di Salmonella antibiotico-resistenti e responsabili di zoonosi è stata riscontrata in diverse specie di animali selvatici.

  8. NKS-B NordRisk II: Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe - Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauritzen, B. (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy. Radiation Research Div., Roskilde (Denmark))

    2011-05-15

    The objective of the NordRisk II project has been to derive practical means for assessing the risks from long-range atmospheric dispersion of radioactive materials. An atlas over different atmospheric dispersion and deposition scenarios has been developed using historical numerical weather prediction (NWP) model data. The NWP model data covers three years spanning the climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and the atlas considers radioactive releases from 16 release sites in and near the Nordic countries. A statistical analysis of the long-range dispersion and deposition patterns is undertaken to quantify the mean dispersion and deposition as well as the variability. Preliminary analyses show that the large-scale atmospheric dispersion and deposition is near-isotropic, irrespective of the release site and detailed climatology, and allows for a simple parameterization of the global dispersion and deposition patterns. The atlas and the underlying data are made available in a format compatible with the ARGOS decision support system, and have been implemented in ARGOS. (Author)

  9. A Mediterranean case study of flood evolution: the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llasat, Maria Carmen; Gilabert, Joan; Llasat-Botija, Montserrat; Cortès, Maria; Marcos, Raül; Martín-Vide, Juan Pedro; Turco, Marco; Falcón, Lluis

    2016-04-01

    Flood risk changes in Mediterranean Region integrate multiple factors, some of them related with the hazard (i.e. rainfall intensity), the vulnerability and exposure (i.e. population or assets), feedback processes that affect both hazard and vulnerability (i.e. urbanization of flood prone areas), mitigation and adaptation measures (i.e. rainwater tanks or early warning systems), and the available information used to estimate flood events (i.e. newspapers or gauged data). Flood events in the West Mediterranean region are usually produced as a consequence of very intense and local precipitation, mainly recorded on late summer and autumn that can give place to flash-floods in little torrential rivers (usually non-permanent flows) or urban floods. The Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (AMB), Spain, constitutes a good paradigm of a Mediterranean coast region, with strong urbanization of flood prone areas and high population density in an area crossed by numerous streams. The AMB is constituted by 36 municipalities with a total population above 3.200.000 inhabitants in an extension of 636 km². The major part of the population is concentrated between the Besós River and the Llobregat River, the Littoral Range and the Mediterranean Sea. Although both rivers have experienced catastrophic flood events (i.e. 25 September 1962, 815 deaths; 19-23 September 1971, 19 deaths; October 1987, 8 deaths), the most frequent situation is related with floods in non-permanent streams. Their main impacts are consequence of drainage and runoff problems and can affect both urban and rural areas. This contribution explores the evolution of land uses, population and precipitation from the middle of the 20th century until now, and how these changes have affected (or not), the flood risk. To do it, daily and sub-daily rainfall series, discharge series for the Llobregat and Besós Rivers, population data and land use changes have been analyzed. Future precipitation projections provided by an

  10. Modernist architecture in Barcelona reveals a new trace fossil from the Miocene of Montjuïc (NE Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belaústegui, Z.; Belaústegui, A.

    2017-11-01

    A new ichnotaxon, Lapillitubus montjuichensis n. i gen. n. isp., is described from the middle Miocene (Serravallian) of Montjuïc mountain (Barcelona, northeastern Spain). This ichnotaxon consists of a horizontal to vertical, cylindrical burrow with an agglutinated lining exclusively composed of lithoclasts. Lapillitubus montjuichensis is interpreted as the result of the burrowing activity of a deposit- or suspension-feeding annelid worm. This new ichnotaxon extends the record of the informal group known as clast-armored or agglutinated trace fossils. In addition, since part of its type material is located in the blocks that make up the façades of several modernist buildings in the city of Barcelona, this new ichnotaxon highlights the importance of fossils in urban settings for those cases in which natural outcrops are reduced, restricted or even missing.

  11. [Infobarris: an interactive tool to monitor and disseminate information on health and its determinants in the neighbourhoods of Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llimona, Pere; Pérez, Glòria; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Novoa, Ana M; Espelt, Albert; García de Olalla, Patricia; Borrell, Carme

    In order to know about the health of the population, it is necessary to perform a systematic and continuous analysis of their health status and social and economic health determinants. The objective of this paper is to describe the development and implementation of the Infobarris tool, which allows to visualize a wide battery of indicators and social determinants of health by neighbourhoods in the city of Barcelona (Spain). For the development of the Infobarris tool, we used an agile methodology that allows the development of a project in iterative and incremental stages, which are the following: selection of indicators, design of the prototype, development of the tool, data loading, and tool review and improvements. Infobarris displays 64 indicators of health and its determinants through graphics, maps and tables, in a friendly, interactive and attractive way, which facilitates health surveillance in the neighbourhoods of Barcelona. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. La oposición al régimen franquista en Barcelona. Algunas muestras entre 1948y 1951

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Vázquez de Prada

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the sociopolitical and economical situation of Catalonia during the first years of Francoism, specially in Barcelona. It shows some examples of oposition against this regime, which led to the general strike of March, 1951. First of all, it studies the position of the textile industry businessmen and the economical and social situation at the late forties. It analyze the opposition to a «single party» politics in the first local elections of November, 1948, and the high abstention. It shows that the visit of Franco to Barcelona in an atmosphere of economical crisis failed to gain support for his regime. Finally, it explains how the general strike of March, 1951, marked a turning point in the crisis and it provoked a change in the policies of the government. The sources used in this research belong to the archives of the count of Fontanar.

  13. Hypogravity Research and Educational Parabolic Flight Activities Conducted in Barcelona: a new Hub of Innovation in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Poch, Antoni; González, Daniel Ventura; López, David

    2016-12-01

    We report on different research and educational activities related to parabolic flights conducted in Barcelona since 2008. We use a CAP10B single-engine aerobatic aircraft flying out of Sabadell Airport and operating in visual flight conditions providing up to 8 seconds of hypogravity for each parabola. Aside from biomedical experiments being conducted, different student teams have flown in parabolic flights in the framework of the international contest `Barcelona Zero-G Challenge', and have published their results in relevant symposiums and scientific journals. The platform can certainly be a good testbed for a proof-of-concept before accessing other microgravity platforms, and has proved to be excellent for motivational student campaigns.

  14. Los frescos góticos lineales de la iglesia de Sant Valentí de les Cabanyes (Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gracia Salvà Picó

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available La pequeña iglesia de Sant Valenti se halla en el término municipal de Les Cabanyes, muy cerca de Vilafranca del Penedes (Barcelona. El mal estado en que se encontraba el edificio requería una inmediata restauración, de la que se hizo cargo el Servicio de Patrimonio Arquitectónico de la Diputación de Barcelona. Siguiendo la norma de dicho Servicio, antes de la intervención arquitectónica se llevó a cabo una exhaustiva investigación histórica (dirigida por el doctor Alberto López Mullor que comprendió una excavación arqueológica, un estudio documental y un análisis artístico. A nosotros nos correspondió el estudio de las pinturas murales que cubrían buena parte del templo.

  15. Antonio de Capmany and the city of Barcelona: the value of experience in the path of progress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon GRAU I FERNÁNDEZ

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In his time, Antonio de Capmany (1742-1813 was the most prominent intellectual in the service of the interests of Barcelona, in a willingness to articulate the energy of that city with the efforts of enlightened despotism to relaunch Spain as a continental and colonial power. Extensive knowledge and assimilation of European culture of the Enlightenment allowed him to associate the historical experience of the Catalan capital with modern values. It was not a simple varnish, since the defense of Barcelona as the focus of progress was constructed from documented empirical data and sensory impressions, according to the principles preached by the great British philosophers against speculative rationalism and its incessant occurrences.

  16. Modernist architecture in Barcelona reveals a new trace fossil from the Miocene of Montjuïc (NE Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belaústegui, Z.; Belaústegui, A.

    2017-01-01

    A new ichnotaxon, Lapillitubus montjuichensis n. i gen. n. isp., is described from the middle Miocene (Serravallian) of Montjuïc mountain (Barcelona, northeastern Spain). This ichnotaxon consists of a horizontal to vertical, cylindrical burrow with an agglutinated lining exclusively composed of lithoclasts. Lapillitubus montjuichensis is interpreted as the result of the burrowing activity of a deposit- or suspension-feeding annelid worm. This new ichnotaxon extends the record of the informal group known as clast-armored or agglutinated trace fossils. In addition, since part of its type material is located in the blocks that make up the façades of several modernist buildings in the city of Barcelona, this new ichnotaxon highlights the importance of fossils in urban settings for those cases in which natural outcrops are reduced, restricted or even missing.

  17. Implementing the flipped classroom methodology to the subject "Applied computing" of the chemical engineering degree at the University of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Iborra

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This work is focus on implementation, development, documentation, analysis and assessment of flipped classroom methodology, by means of just in time teaching strategy, in a pilot group (1 of 6 of the subject “Applied Computing” of Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Degree of the University of Barcelona. The results show that this technique promotes self-learning, autonomy, time management as well as an increase in the effectiveness of classroom hours.

  18. Concentrations and determinants of NO{sub 2} in homes of Ashford, UK and Barcelona and Menorca, Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Algar, O.G.; Puig, C.; Vall, O. [Hospital del Mar, Pediatrics, and Univ. Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Pichini, S. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Drug Research and Control Dept., Rome (Italy); Basagana, X. [Institut Municipal Investigacio Medica, Barcelona (Spain); Torrent, M. [INSALUD, Area de Salud de Menorca, Menorca Island (Spain); Harris, J.; Cullinan, P. [Imperial College, Dept. of Occupational and Environmental Med., London (United Kingdom); Sunyer, J. [Univ. Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)

    2004-08-01

    The study examined indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) concentrations in Ashford, Kent (UK), Menorca Island and Barcelona city (Spain) and the contribution of their most important indoor determinants (e.g. gas combustion appliances and cigarette smoking). The homes examined (n = 1421) were those from infants recruited for the Asthma Multicentre Infants Cohort Study, which aimed to assess, using a standard protocol, the effects of pre- and post-natal environmental exposures in the inception of atopy and asthma. Indoor NO{sub 2} was measured using passive filter badges placed on a living room wall of the hoes for between 7 and 15 days. Homes in the three centers had significantly diffent concentrations of indoor NO{sub 2}, with those in Barcelona showing the highest levels (median NO{sub 2} levels: 5.79, 6.06 and 23.87 p.p.b. in Ashford, Menorca and Barcelona, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that the principal indoor determinants of NO{sub 2} concentrations in the three cohorts were the heating/cooking fuel used in the house (gas fire increased average NO{sub 2} concentrations by 1.27-fold and gas cooker by 2.13 times), parental cigarette smoking and season of measurement. Those variable significantly related to indoor NO{sub 2} concentration in Ashford, Barcelona and Menorca, respectively. In all the cohorts combined, 52% of the variation could be explained in this way. Although outdoor NO{sub 2} was not measured concurrently, its additional contribution was estimated. In conclusion, despite differences in indoore NO{sub 2} mean concentrations probably reflecting different outdoor NO{sub 2} level, home factors affecting indoor NO{sub 2} values and their specific contributions were constant across the their cohorts. (au)

  19. Risk perception of sexually transmitted infections and HIV in Nigerian commercial sex workers in Barcelona: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coma Auli, Núria; Mejía-Lancheros, Cília; Berenguera, Anna; Pujol-Ribera, Enriqueta

    2015-06-15

    This study aimed to determine in detail the risk perception of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV, and the contextual circumstances, in Nigerian commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Barcelona. A qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. Raval area in Barcelona. 8 CSWs working in Barcelona. A phenomenological study was carried out with Nigerian CSWs in Barcelona. Sampling was theoretical, taking into account: different age ranges; women with and without a partner; women with and without children; and women participating or not in STI/HIV-prevention workshops. Information was obtained by means of eight semistructured individual interviews. An interpretative content analysis was conducted by four analysts. Illegal immigrant status, educational level, financial situation and work, and cultural context had mixed effects on CSW knowledge of, exposure to, and prevention and treatment of STI and HIV. CSWs were aware of the higher risk of STI associated with their occupation. They identified condoms as the best preventive method and used them during intercourse with clients. They also implemented other preventive behaviours such as personal hygiene after intercourse. Control of sexual services provided, health education and healthcare services had a positive effect on decreasing exposure and better management of STI/HIV. Nigerian CSWs are a vulnerable group because of their poor socioeconomic status. The perception of risk in this group and their preventive behaviours are based on personal determinants, beliefs and experiences from their home country and influences from the host country. Interventions aimed at CSWs must address knowledge gaps, risk behaviours and structural elements. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  20. The impact of regulatory approaches targeting collaborative economy in the tourism accommodation sector::Barcelona, Berlin, Amsterdam and Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Dredge, Dianne; Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Birkbak, Andreas; Jensen, Torben Elgaard; Madsen, Anders Koed

    2016-01-01

    This paper has been commissioned by the European Commission’s DG GROWTH to examine the impact of regulatory approaches targeting collaborative economy in the tourism accommodation sector in the cities of Barcelona, Berlin, Amsterdam and Paris. In relation to tourism, the growth of the collaborative economy peer-to-peer accommodation sector has significant impacts for traditional tourism industry structures and relationships. The growth of the collaborative economy peer-to-peer accommodation m...

  1. Viaducto sobre el rio Llobregat de la Autopista Barcelona-Tarragona, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Casado, C.

    1973-02-01

    Full Text Available Situated in the vicinity of Barcelona, over the LIobregat River, this viaduct bears two roadways 16 meters wide and 440 meters long. It is a continuous viaduct formed of 11 sections of 40-meter spans and S double T section beams placed 3.35 meters apart. The bridge supports are also of double T formation, with a 2.5 meters wide vertical octagonal stem and changing in depth from 2 to 0.7 meters at the edge. The lower footing is supported on 9 piles each 1 meter in diameter. The 80 t beams were prefabricated in the factory and later put in place using a movable formwork. The continuity between beams was made possible by reinforcement placed in the upper slab of the deck and the lower part of the beams. A detailed study has been made on the redistribution of bending moments by creep and shrinking.Situado en las proximidades de Barcelona, y sobre el río Llobregat, está formado por dos calzadas de 16 m de ancho y 440 m de longitud. Es un viaducto continuo que consta de 11 vanos de 40 m de luz, cada uno de los cuales se compone de cinco vigas sección doble T con separación entre ellas de 3,35 metros. Las pilas sobre las que reposa tienen también forma doble T con fuste vertical octogonal de 2,5 m de ancho, cabezal superior en transición poligonal, hasta el borde, variable de 2 a 0,7 m y zapata inferior que se apoya sobre 9 pilotes de 1 m de diámetro. Tanto las vigas como el cabezal de las pilas están pretensados con cables de 150 toneladas. Las vigas de 80 t de peso fueron prefabricadas en taller y colocadas en obra por medio de una cimbra de lanzamiento. La continuidad entre vigas se realizó por medio de armadura pasiva, colocada en la losa superior del tablero y en la parte inferior de las vigas. Se ha llevado a cabo un estudio detallado de la redistribución de momentos flectores por fluencia y retracción.

  2. Estimating GHG emissions of marine ports-the case of Barcelona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villalba, Gara; Gemechu, Eskinder Demisse

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, GHG inventories of cities have expanded to include extra-boundary activities that form part of the city's urban metabolism and economy. This paper centers on estimating the emissions due to seaports, in such a way that they can be included as part of the city's inventory or be used by the port itself to monitor their policy and technology improvements for mitigating climate change. We propose the indicators GHG emissions per ton of cargo handled or per passenger and emissions per value of cargo handled as practical measures for policy making and emission prevention measures to be monitored over time. Adapting existing methodologies to the Port of Barcelona, we calculated a total of 331,390 tons of GHG emissions (CO 2 equivalents) for the year of 2008, half of which were attributed to vessel movement (sea-based emissions) and the other half to port, land related activities (land-based emissions). The highest polluters were auto carriers with 6 kg of GHG emissions per ton of cargo handled. Knowing the highest emitters, the port can take action to improve the ship's activities within the port limits, such as maneuvering and hotelling. With these results, the port and the city can also find ways to reduce the land-based emissions. - Research highlights: → Adapting existing methodologies to the Port of Barcelona (PoB), we calculated a total of 331,390 tons of GHG emissions for the year of 2008, half of which were attributed to vessel movement (sea-based emissions) and the other half to port, land related activities (land-based emissions) → Emissions per ton of cargo handled is proposed as an indicator to pin point high polluting vessels-a measure independent of the city the port belongs to. For 2008, the highest polluters were auto carriers with 6 kg of GHG emissions per ton of cargo handled. → An additional measure of emissions per value of cargo handled is proposed to complement the emissions per weight indicator. For 2008, the volume of cargo

  3. The disarticulated forms of neoliberal urbanism in the XXI century: the case of Barcelona Forum 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelino Mazza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The contradictions within the policies of requalification of the City of Barcelona have become more evident in relation to some of the most recent urban transformations, as in the case of the project for the renewal of the Diagonal-Mar area; urban space where the Forum of Cultures 2004 has been held. The Forum turned into a failure, according to the paradigm of the criticisms, on the cultural and, above all, political (or marketing level; in its urban dimension, it has been the expression of the city that mires to the global insertion: it is a urban planning which is prevalently oriented to the external demand. The regeneration of the Diagonal-Mar has shown a scant consideration of social objectives, with the creation of spaces, where the concept of value of exchange predominates over the value of use. The actor (public and above all private investors, that participated to the redaction of the project of urban renewal of the area, produced a great propagandistic effort, presenting it as an open cultural initiative which can assume also the social criticisms.A lot of social and civil organization did not participate, and their proposals have not been accepted, and so, today, urban and social processes, rebound on the success or failure of the urban planning in an important area of the city. From that, what Borja (2005 defines the “urban malaise of Barcelona” starts, over the years of social and economic growth, the inhabitants of Barcelona fell a certain malaise, which is highlighted by the today’s crisis. The big urban projects do not generate any enthusiasm, citizens feel themselves progressively less owners of the own city, the architecture of the “great singular objects” does not represent the element of identity of the society. By scanning those urban imaginaries from a theoretical-conceptual viewpoint, which is formal and empiric, the question emerges, if the punctual urban planning operation of a sector could create evaluations

  4. ¿Participar para transformar? La experiencia de los presupuestos participativos en la provincia de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismael Blanco Fillola

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué cabe esperar de los procesos de participación ciudadana en las políticas públicas locales?, ¿Es razonable esperar transformaciones políticas significativas? En este artículo se identifican aquellas condiciones que, a nivel teórico, podemos prever que determinen la capacidad transformadora de la participación ciudadana. Esta discusión teórica da lugar a un marco de evaluación de las prácticas de participación que se aplica al análisis de las 11 experiencias vigentes de presupuestos participativos en la provincia de Barcelona. El análisis pone en evidencia los límites de este tipo de prácticas de participación, los cuales están relacionados con tres factores principales: su posición institucional periférica; el escaso margen de decisión que se concede a la ciudadanía; y la escasa movilización social. Sin embargo, los casos analizados obtienen buenos resultados en dos aspectos importantes: el impacto de las propuestas ciudadanas en la toma de decisiones públicas y la transformación de las actitudes políticas, técnicas y ciudadanas hacia la participación. El marco de evaluación propuesto nos ayuda a identificar ámbitos críticos de mejora de los procesos participativos y de fortalecimiento de su capacidad transformadora. What can we expect from citizen participation processes in local policymaking? Is it reasonable to expect significant political transformations? In this article, we identify the conditions that theoretically determine the transformation capacity of citizen participation. Such theoretical discussion gives place to a framework for the assessment of participative practices, which we use to analyse 11 cases of participatory budgeting in the province of Barcelona. The analysis puts in evidence the limits of this kind of participative practices, which are linked to three main factors: their peripheral institutional position; the scarce decision margin that is given to the citizens; and the lack of

  5. Anatomía de la dispersión urbana en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Muñiz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available No existe una definición comúnmente aceptada de dispersión urbana (urban sprawl, de modo que la investigación aplicada ha trabajado con diferentes indicadores que pretenden a su vez capturar los distintos significados con que se ha dotado al término. En este trabajo se mide cómo ha evolucionado la dispersión de la población y del empleo de la Región Metropolitana de Barcelona (RMB entre 1986 y 2001. Las dimensiones exploradas se dividen en dos grupos: i forma urbana (desconcentración, baja densidad y discontinuidad y ii estructura urbana. A diferencia de algunos trabajos donde el policentrismo y el crecimiento lineal se presentan como dos formas de dispersión, en nuestro caso contraponemos la idea de expansión urbana estructurada (lineal o policéntrica con la de expansión urbana desestructurada (amorfa, caótica o aleatoria, equiparando esta última con la cuarta dimensión de la dispersión. Los resultados obtenidos indican que la población y el empleo de la RMB se han descentralizado de forma desconcentrada y la densidad residencial se ha reducido. Sin embargo, la RMB no ha crecido de forma discontinua ni desestructurada, sino todo lo contrario.There is no commonly accepted definition of urban sprawl, and therefore applied research has worked with different indicators aiming to grasp the diverse meanings assigned to the term. This study measures how the dispersion of population and employment in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (BMR developed between 1986 and 2001. The dimensions that were investigated are divided into two groups. The first one involves dimensions of urban form (decentralization, low density and discontinuity, and the second, of urban structure. As opposed to some studies, where polycentrism and linear growth are presented as two forms of sprawl, in our case we contrast the idea of structured urban expansion (linear or poly-centric with de structured urban expansion (amorphous, chaotic or random, identifying

  6. Use of electronic cigarettes in public and private settings in Barcelona (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matilla-Santander, Nuria; Fu, Marcela; Ballbè, Montse; Bunch, Kailey; Lidón-Moyano, Cristina; Martín-Sánchez, Juan Carlos; Fernández, Esteve; Martínez-Sánchez, Jose M

    2017-10-01

    To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette users who use them in selected indoor public and workplaces, and private venues in Barcelona (Spain) in 2015. This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of e-cigarette users (≥ 18 years) from Barcelona (n = 600). We calculated the proportion of e-cigarette users who used the device in public and private settings (in the last 30 days). We fit multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age to calculate the odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic factors, dual use and nicotine-containing e-cigarettes. The highest proportion of e-cigarette users who used them in public places was found at restaurants or bars (69.4%) and nightclubs or pubs (55.4%). Also being current conventional tobacco smokers (dual users) was significantly associated with lower use of e-cigarettes in workplaces (OR = 0.61, 95%CI:0.41-0.91), restaurants (OR = 0.66, 95%CI:0.45-0.97) and nightclubs (OR = 0.56, 95%CI:0.37-0.86). Moreover, being a nicotine-containing e-cigarette user was associated with higher odds of using the device in workplaces (OR = 2.01, 95%CI:1.34-3.01), and lower odds of using it in nightclubs (OR = 0.56, 95%CI:0.39-0.82). 96.8% of the included e-cigarette users declared to use the device at home. Being a current tobacco smoker was associated with increased odds of using e-cigarettes at home (OR = 3.17, 95%CI:1.22-8.22). E-cigarette use in private settings and in public settings where their use is not regulated by law is high. Therefore, the public health administration in Spain should consider expanding the prohibition of e-cigarette use to indoor public places and should take into account the possibility of exposure to aerosol from e-cigarettes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. MANCHESTER UNITED, INTERNAZIONALE MILANO AND FC BARCELONA – WHAT´S DIFFERENT?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Sarmento

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Although football is considered a universal language, there are particularities that characterize the way it is practiced in several countries. Overall, the style of English football is known as “Kick and Rush”, the Italian as “Catenaccio”, and the Spanish as “Fúria Española”. This study aims to understand which aspects in the characterization of playing styles of the different teams (Manchester United, Internazionale Milano and Barcelona are the most important for coaches. Methods: We chose 8 expert high-performance Portuguese first league football coaches (Coach 1 to 8 with a professional experience (as first coach ranging from 2 to 30 years (14.9 ± 8.6 years. Semi-structured interviews were carried out and the data analyzed trough content analysis using the software QSR NVivo 9. Results and discussion: The data were grouped in four mainly categories: i game culture/identity (n=18; ii strategical-Tatical factors (n=17; iii player characteristics (n=14; iv coach philosophy (n=14. When analyzing the specific characteristics of the three teams, the coaches mainly referred to aspects related to a playing/identity culture of each team that is influenced by their history, their tradition and a set of values underlying the different clubs. Our coaches described each team’s differences based on strategic and tactical aspects. Overall, all coaches recognized the quality and merit with which Barcelona plays, basing their views on a ball possession that is very difficult to equal by any other team in the world. In contrast, Manchester United plays in a way where strong ball possession is primary, but also their ability to play quickly and offensively, through a more "direct" playing style. Finally, Inter Milan’s style is defined essentially by their defensive tactical rigor and the capacity to develop effective offensive sequences of quick attacks and counterattacks. The players that form these teams are only one element

  8. Pabellón de exposiciones del lNI Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paradinas, Juan

    1975-02-01

    Full Text Available Designed to exhibit the activities of the Organization, the exhibition hall is situated within the area of the Official and International Exhibition in Barcelona. It occupies a site of 3,000 m2. It consists of two floors, with a totally built surface of 3,416 m2 and the criteria that have been followed are: to plan and construct a building with a clear function; flexible adaptability; elegant in its aesthetic look, and economic to construct and maintain. The hall has different zones for permanent exhibitions and temporary exhibitions; offices, movie hall. W.Cs., bar, closets, information computers, telephones and basement-storage- room, with direct entry for heavy vehicles. The characteristic feature of the hall is that is is constructed of poststressed unfaced concrete, composed of seven columns and girders, of 1.60 m in diameter, of a 7 m height and spaced at a distance of 40 m from each other.Destinado a exponer las actividades del Organismo, está emplazado en el recinto de la Feria Oficial e Internacional de Muestras de Barcelona. Ocupa un solar de 3.000 m2. Consta de dos plantas, con una superficie construida total de 3.416 m2, entre las dos, y los criterios seguidos han sido: proyectar y construir un edificio claro en su funcionamiento; flexible en su adaptabilidad; trascendente en su aspecto estético, y económico en su construcción y en su conservación. Dispone de ámbitos diferentes para exposiciones permanentes y monográficas; oficinas, sala de proyección, servicios, bar, aseos, información, ordenadores, teléfonos y sótano-almacén, con entrada directa para vehículos pesados. Es característica la estructura de hormigón postesado visto, compuesta por siete pórticos de sección circular, de 1,60 m de diámetro, en vigas y pilares, con luz de 40 m y unos 7 m de altura, situados a 6 m entre ejes.

  9. The ecodesign and planning of sustainable neighbourhoods: the Vallbona case study (Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farreny, R.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Global sustainability is increasingly an issue of urban sustainability, being essential to encourage more benign trajectories of urbanisation. For this, there is need for a framework that could aid in the process of designing and redesigning (retrofitting cities. The aim of this paper is to present and describe the methodology of urban ecodesign, which is characterized by a systematic incorporation of environmental life cycle considerations into the design of urban systems. The paper presents a case study of neighbourhood ecodesign from the city of Barcelona (Vallbona neighbourhood. This practical experience shows that the inclusion of sustainability criteria at an early stage of the design and planning of urban systems is the best strategy for environmental protection.In addition; a methodological framework is described in order to provide planners with a structured way of designing urban settlements so as to move towards sustainable urban environments.

    La sostenibilidad global es cada vez más un tema de sostenibilidad urbana. Por este motivo, es necesario un marco de trabajo que pueda ayudar en el proceso de diseño y rediseño (rehabilitación de nuestras ciudades. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar y describir la metodología de ecodiseño adaptada a los entornos urbanos, la cual se caracteriza por la incorporación sistemática de las consideraciones ambientales a lo largo de su ciclo de vida. El documento presenta un caso de estudio de ecodiseño del barrio de Vallbona (Barcelona. Esta experiencia demuestra que la inclusión de criterios de sostenibilidad en las etapas iniciales de diseño y planificación de los sistemas urbanos es la mejor estrategia para la prevención ambiental. Además, se presenta un marco metodológico con el fin de proporcionar a los planificadores una forma estructurada de diseño de los asentamientos urbanos que les permita avanzar hacia entornos urbanos más sostenibles.

  10. El comercio de los inmigrantes en el centro histórico de Barcelona en 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serra del Pozo, Pau

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the increasing number of foreign immigrants in Catalonia has been especially apparent in the Ciutat Vella district of Barcelona, where immigrants’ shops have multiplied. The Ciutat Vella immigrant shops have several features such as small size, a long working day and the presence of employed relatives together with other employees of the same origin as that of the employer. The dominant typologies of the shops are: groceries, tele shops, money transfer (for remittances, basars (general stores, butcher’s shops, retail and wholesale textile shops, bars and restaurants. The dominant foreign entrepreneurs are Pakistanis, Indians, Chinese, Morrocans, Dominicans, Bangladeshis, Filipinos and Algerians. The work shows the geographical specialization by shop typology and geographical origin of the entrepreneurs, the concentration of the shops by zones and by streets and the spatial correlation between retail, residence and religious centres.

    En la última década el creciente número de inmigrantes extranjeros en Cataluña se ha hecho especialmente patente en el distrito de Ciutat Vella de Barcelona, donde han proliferado los comercios de este colectivo. Los comercios de los inmigrantes en este distrito se caracterizan por tener unas reducidas dimensiones, una jornada larga y por la presencia de familiares empleados y de otros empleados del mismo origen geográfico que el del titular del negocio. Las tipologías predominantes de los comercios son: colmados, locutorios, envíos de remesas, bazares, carnicerías, minoristas y mayoristas de ropa, bares y restaurantes. Los titulares extranjeros mayoritarios son pakistaníes, indios, chinos, marroquíes, dominicanos, bangladeshis, filipinos y argelinos. El trabajo muestra la especialización geográfica por tipo de comercio y origen geográfico de los empresarios, la concentración de comercios por zonas y por calles y la correlación espacial entre comercio, residencia y centros

  11. Acidentes de trabalho em Barcelona (Espanha, no período de 1992-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana F. Sampaio

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: As estatísticas dos acidentes de trabalho, como qualquer outro sistema de notificação, devem servir de base para determinar prioridades e decidir quais medidas preventivas devem ser adotadas. Neste contexto, o objetivo do estudo é aprofundar a análise dos acidentes de trabalho através da utilização de técnicas estatísticas descritivas que permitam estabelecer a relação entre o número de acidentes de trabalho ocorridos em Barcelona (Espanha e as variáveis tipo de acidente, setor econômico, tamanho da empresa e tipo de contrato. MÉTODO: Como fonte de dados foi utilizado o sistema de notificação de acidentes graves e mortais ocorridos na cidade de Barcelona (Espanha, entre 1992 e 1993. Foram examinados 848 registros de acidentes de trabalho em trabalhadores do sexo masculino e a partir desses dados efetuou-se uma análise mediante modelos log-lineares. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciam que os acidentes traumáticos e o setor de construção têm uma associação positiva, verificada, da mesma forma, entre os acidentes de trânsito e o setor de serviços. Os acidentes traumáticos e de trânsito apresentaram uma associação com as pequenas empresas e os acidentes não traumáticos demonstraram associar-se com as grandes empresas. Verificou-se, ainda, associação entre os trabalhadores temporais e o setor da construção frente aos trabalhadores com contrato fixo, em que se constatou uma associação com os setores de indústria e de serviços. Foi verificada associação positiva entre os acidentes ocorridos com os trabalhadores temporais e as pequenas e médias empresas.

  12. Acidentes de trabalho em Barcelona (Espanha, no período de 1992-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampaio Rosana F.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: As estatísticas dos acidentes de trabalho, como qualquer outro sistema de notificação, devem servir de base para determinar prioridades e decidir quais medidas preventivas devem ser adotadas. Neste contexto, o objetivo do estudo é aprofundar a análise dos acidentes de trabalho através da utilização de técnicas estatísticas descritivas que permitam estabelecer a relação entre o número de acidentes de trabalho ocorridos em Barcelona (Espanha e as variáveis tipo de acidente, setor econômico, tamanho da empresa e tipo de contrato. MÉTODO: Como fonte de dados foi utilizado o sistema de notificação de acidentes graves e mortais ocorridos na cidade de Barcelona (Espanha, entre 1992 e 1993. Foram examinados 848 registros de acidentes de trabalho em trabalhadores do sexo masculino e a partir desses dados efetuou-se uma análise mediante modelos log-lineares. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciam que os acidentes traumáticos e o setor de construção têm uma associação positiva, verificada, da mesma forma, entre os acidentes de trânsito e o setor de serviços. Os acidentes traumáticos e de trânsito apresentaram uma associação com as pequenas empresas e os acidentes não traumáticos demonstraram associar-se com as grandes empresas. Verificou-se, ainda, associação entre os trabalhadores temporais e o setor da construção frente aos trabalhadores com contrato fixo, em que se constatou uma associação com os setores de indústria e de serviços. Foi verificada associação positiva entre os acidentes ocorridos com os trabalhadores temporais e as pequenas e médias empresas.

  13. Viejos problemas y nuevos vecinos. Consecuencias de una gran reforma urbana en el barrio del Raval, Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Fernández González

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El barrio del Raval de Barcelona, conocido anteriormente como Distrito V y asociado a la mitificada sordidez del Barrio Chino (uno de los más populares barrios rojos de Europa, se encuentra actualmente en una fase terminal de su reforma urbanística. Esta se inició en 1988 a rebufo de la elección de Barcelona como sede de los Juegos Olímpicos de 1992. Arrancando el presente siglo, se implementó la última intervención urbanística sobre el barrio, concretamente sobre la zona de estudio, la conocida como Illa Robador. La calle d'en Robador ha sido hasta época muy reciente -y probablemente aún lo siga siendo- el nuevo epicentro y quizás el último bastión del Barrio Chino. El mito y la reforma urbanística se convocan en la etnografía que aquí se presenta. Se ha querido levantar acta de los encuentros y encontronazos entre «viejos vecinos», que han sobrevivido a toda clase de mistificaciones y estigmatizaciones, y «nuevos vecinos» atraídos por la posibilidad de vivir en un lugar céntrico, en el nuevo distrito cultural de Barcelona. Se concluye interpretando estos conflictos a la luz de lo que algunos autores llaman un nuevo colonialismo urbano.

  14. Los procesos de exclusión social de las personas sin hogar en la ciudad de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Virginia Matulic-Domandzic

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se abordan los procesos de exclusión social de las personas sin hogar en la ciudad de Barcelona a través de tres apartados. En primer lugar se realiza una aproximación a los procesos de exclusión social presentes en las sociedades europeas, seguidamente se centra la mirada en la dimensión conceptual de las personas sin hogar y en sus principales causas, para finalizar con unas conclusiones en donde se sintetizan los temas planteados, así como los retos de futuro que se presentan en este fenémeno. El contenido del artículo forma parte del trabajo de investigación que se está realizando sobre los procesos de inclusión de las personas sin hogar en Barcelona. Dicha investigación está vinculada al Doctorado "Educación y sociedad" de la Universidad de Barcelona, a través del Departamento de Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales. El incremento del fenómeno del sinhogarismo responde a procesos macrosociales que han caracterizado a las sociedades posfordistas de las últimas décadas donde la fragilidad de las redes de apoyo y de los sistemas de proteción social tienen una importancia crucial.

  15. A geological model for the management of subsurface data in the urban environment of Barcelona and surrounding area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez-Suñé, Enric; Ángel Marazuela, Miguel; Velasco, Violeta; Diviu, Marc; Pérez-Estaún, Andrés; Álvarez-Marrón, Joaquina

    2016-09-01

    The overdevelopment of cities since the industrial revolution has shown the need to incorporate a sound geological knowledge in the management of required subsurface infrastructures and in the assessment of increasingly needed groundwater resources. Additionally, the scarcity of outcrops and the technical difficulty to conduct underground exploration in urban areas highlights the importance of implementing efficient management plans that deal with the legacy of heterogeneous subsurface information. To deal with these difficulties, a methodology has been proposed to integrate all the available spatio-temporal data into a comprehensive spatial database and a set of tools that facilitates the analysis and processing of the existing and newly added data for the city of Barcelona (NE Spain). Here we present the resulting actual subsurface 3-D geological model that incorporates and articulates all the information stored in the database. The methodology applied to Barcelona benefited from a good collaboration between administrative bodies and researchers that enabled the realization of a comprehensive geological database despite logistic difficulties. Currently, the public administration and also private sectors both benefit from the geological understanding acquired in the city of Barcelona, for example, when preparing the hydrogeological models used in groundwater assessment plans. The methodology further facilitates the continuous incorporation of new data in the implementation and sustainable management of urban groundwater, and also contributes to significantly reducing the costs of new infrastructures.

  16. Environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail et expériences de magasinage dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Burnett

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cet article porte sur l'environnement de la vente d’aliments dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces, en particulier sur la concurrence éventuelle dans la vente au détail de la North West Company (NWC ainsi que sur les expériences d'achats alimentaires de la population vivant dans le Nord canadien. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé deux méthodologies pour évaluer l’environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail dans le Nord. D’abord, nous avons cartographié les détaillants en alimentation du Nord afin d’examiner le degré de concurrence au détail dans les régions nordiques, en prêtant une attention particulière aux collectivités qui ne sont pas accessibles à l’année par la route. Ensuite, nous avons enquêté auprès des personnes vivant dans les collectivités du Nord canadien à propos de leurs expériences d’achat au détail et de magasinage. Résultats : Cinquante‑quatre pour cent des collectivités du nord des provinces et du Grand Nord n’avaient aucune épicerie en concurrence avec la NWC. Les provinces comptant les plus fortes proportions de collectivités nordiques sans concurrence dans la vente au détail étaient l’Ontario (87 %, la Saskatchewan (83 % et le Manitoba (72 %. Les participants au sondage (n = 92 ont fait état de leurs préoccupations quant à leurs expériences d'achat dans trois grands secteurs : le coût des aliments, la qualité et la fraîcheur des aliments et la disponibilité de certains aliments. Conclusion : La concurrence dans la vente au détail est limitée dans le nord des provinces. Au Manitoba, en Saskatchewan et en Ontario, la NWC ne fait face à aucune concurrence dans au moins 70 % des collectivités nordiques. Les consommateurs du Nord canadien considèrent que les aliments nutritifs sont peu abordables, et ils souhaitent avoir accès à un plus grand choix d’aliments périssables en bon état.

  17. Prevalence of sarcopenia in healthy community-dwelling elderly in an urban area of Barcelona (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masanes, F; Culla, A; Navarro-Gonzalez, M; Navarro-Lopez, M; Sacanella, E; Torres, B; Lopez-Soto, A

    2012-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia in a cohort of healthy community-dwelling elderly in an urban area in Barcelona (Spain) for native benchmarks and compare them with those published in other geographical areas. We prospectively evaluated a series of 200 healthy elderly in the community with preserved functional capacity and absence of cognitive impairment. We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment and determined anthropometric data, muscle mass (MM) and the muscle mass index (MMI). Assessment of muscle mass was performed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The cut-off point for defining sarcopenia MMI was established as less than 2 SD of the mean of a reference group comprising 220 healthy volunteers (20-42 years) in the same area. Results were compared with studies undertaken in the USA, France and Taiwan. The cut-off points obtained were 8.31 Kg/m(2) for men and 6.68 Kg/m2 for women, being similar to those observed in France and Taiwan but different from the USA. The prevalence of sarcopenia observed was 33% for elderly women and 10% for males. On comparison of the prevalence of sarcopenia in the four populations, we observed some differences, particularly in males. We have defined reference values for sarcopenia, determined by BIA, in our setting. We also observed a remarkable prevalence of sarcopenia in the healthy elderly community, especially in females, showing some differences from those in other geographical regions.

  18. La satisfacción de los clientes de los centros deportivos municipales de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amal Elasri Ejjaberi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar y analizar las variables que más influyen en la satisfacción del cliente en los centros deportivos de Barcelona. Los datos fueron recogidos en una encuesta entre los clientes actuales de centros deportivos municipales. Un análisis factorial aplicado a esta información revela cinco dimensiones que subyacen a los múltiples componentes de la oferta de servicios en dichas instalaciones: su calidad, los recursos humanos, la comunicación, el entorno social y la relación calidad-precio. Las variables generadas fueron incorporadas a un modelo de regresión múltiple en el que la variable dependiente fue la satisfacción del cliente. De acuerdo con los resultados las mujeres y los usuarios mayores de 60 años valoran más positivamente el servicio recibido, mientras que a mayor nivel de estudios, más exigentes son los clientes. Finalmente, un gerente debe prestar atención en primer lugar a la calidad de las instalaciones seguido de la comunicación, los recursos humanos, la relación calidad precio y el entorno social, por este orden.

  19. Redes sociales y deporte en los espacios públicos de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavi Camino

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se muestran algunos de los resultados de la investigación llevada a cabo entre el 2005 y el 2007, desde el Laboratorio de Investigación Social y Educativa del INEFC de Barcelona. Como el mismo título indica, el estudio se ha centrado en el análisis de cómo determinados espacios públicos urbanos (30 son utilizados deportivamente por distintas redes sociales (62, muchas de las cuales se crean y/o desarrollan a partir de un deporte y un espacio público concretos. Por eso, los resultados que presentamos a continuación pretenden explicar qué características presentan las redes sociales y los deportes analizados, qué relaciones se dan entre éstas cuando utilizan un mismo espacio y qué importancia tienen estas redes sociales para los individuos que forman parte de las mismas.

  20. Life cycle assessment of two biowaste management systems for Barcelona, Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gueereca, Leonor Patricia; Gasso, Santiago; Baldasano, Jose Maria; Jimenez-Guerrero, Pedro

    2006-01-01

    A life cycle assessment (LCA) is performed in this study in order to evaluate the environmental implications of the management of the fermentable fraction of waste in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area (BMA), comparing the present management system with the system proposed for the future. The energy and water consumption were quantified, as well as the used area and the emissions to the atmosphere and water. The software TRACI was used in order to assess the potential impact on the categories of acidification, eutrophication, toxicity and harm to the human health (under the criteria of cancer, non-cancer and pollutants), global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, formation of photochemical smog, water use, land use and fossil fuel use. The results show that the management system proposed for the future reduces 7 out of the 12 potential impacts analyzed, due mainly to the change in the technology of landfill (baling-wrapping landfill). However, this system requires of further research to assess the impacts on a long term. The worst option for biowaste management is the traditional landfill, based on the multibarrier concept. The results of this work suggest that the future biowaste management system is better in environmental terms than the present system. (author)

  1. The integration of information and communication technology into community pharmacists practice in Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupiáñez-Villanueva, Francisco; Hardey, Michael; Lluch, Maria

    2014-03-01

    The study aims to identify community pharmacists' (CPs) utilization of information and communication technology (ICT); to develop and characterize a typology of CPs' utilization of ICT and to identify factors that can enhance or inhibit the use of these technologies. An online survey of the 7649 members of the Pharmacist Association of Barcelona who had a registered email account in 2006 was carried out. Factor analysis, cluster analysis and binomial logit modelling were undertaken. Multivariate analysis of the CPs' responses to the survey (648) revealed two profiles of adoption of ICT. The first profile (40.75%) represents those CPs who place high emphasis on ICT within their practice. This group is therefore referred to as 'integrated CPs'. The second profile (59.25%) represents those CPs who make less use of ICT and so are consequently labelled 'non-integrated CPs'. Statistical modelling was used to identify variables that were important in predisposing CPs to integrate ICT with their work. From the analysis it is evident that responses to questions relating to 'recommend patients going on line for health information'; 'patients discuss or share their Internet health information findings'; 'emphasis on the Internet for communication and dissemination' and 'Pharmacists Professional Association information' play a positive and significant role in the probability of being an 'integrated CP'. The integration of ICT within CPs' practices cannot be adequately understood and appreciated without examining how CPs are making use of ICT within their own practice, their organizational context and the nature of the pharmacists-client relationship.

  2. Urban air quality comparison for bus, tram, subway and pedestrian commutes in Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Teresa; Reche, Cristina; Rivas, Ioar; Cruz Minguillón, Maria; Martins, Vânia; Vargas, Concepción; Buonanno, Giorgio; Parga, Jesus; Pandolfi, Marco; Brines, Mariola; Ealo, Marina; Sofia Fonseca, Ana; Amato, Fulvio; Sosa, Garay; Capdevila, Marta; de Miguel, Eladio; Querol, Xavier; Gibbons, Wes

    2015-10-01

    Access to detailed comparisons in air quality variations encountered when commuting through a city offers the urban traveller more informed choice on how to minimise personal exposure to inhalable pollutants. In this study we report on an experiment designed to compare atmospheric contaminants inhaled during bus, subway train, tram and walking journeys through the city of Barcelona. Average number concentrations of particles 10-300 nm in size, N, are lowest in the commute using subway trains (N5.0×10(4) cm(-3)), with extreme transient peaks at busy traffic crossings commonly exceeding 1.0×10(5) cm(-3) and accompanied by peaks in Black Carbon and CO. Subway particles are coarser (mode 90 nm) than in buses, trams or outdoors (1200 ppm in crowded buses and trains. There are also striking differences in inhalable particle chemistry depending on the route chosen, ranging from aluminosiliceous at roadsides and near pavement works, ferruginous with enhanced Mn, Co, Zn, Sr and Ba in the subway environment, and higher levels of Sb and Cu inside the bus. We graphically display such chemical variations using a ternary diagram to emphasise how "air quality" in the city involves a consideration of both physical and chemical parameters, and is not simply a question of measuring particle number or mass. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. PREFACE: Proceedings of the 7th International LISA Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, 16-20 June 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo, Alberto; Sopuerta, Carlos F.

    2009-07-01

    In June 2006 the LISA International Science Team (LIST) accepted the bid presented by the Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC) to host the 7th International LISA Symposium. This was during its 11th meeting at the University of Maryland, just before the 6th edition of the Symposium started in NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. The 7th International LISA Symposium took place at the city of Barcelona, Spain, from 16-20 June 2008, in the premises of CosmoCaixa, a modern Science Museum located in the hills near Tibidabo. Almost 240 delegates registered for the event, a record breaking figure compared to previous editions of the Symposium. Many of the most renowned world experts in LISA, Gravitational Wave Science, and Astronomy, as well as Engineers, attended LISA 7 and produced state-of-the-art presentations, while everybody benefited from the opportunity to have live discussions during the week in a friendly environment. The programme included 31 invited plenary lectures in the mornings, and 8 parallel sessions in the afternoons. These were classified into 7 major areas of research: LISA Technology, LISA PathFinder, LISA PathFinder Data Analysis, LISA Data Analysis, Gravitational Wave sources, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics with LISA and Other Gravitational Wave Detectors. 138 abstracts for communications were received, of which a selection was made by the session convenors which would fit time constraints. Up to 63 posters completed the scientific programme. More details on the programme, including some of the talks, can be found at the Symposium website: http://www.ice.cat/research/LISA_Symposium. There was however a remarkable add-on: Professor Clifford Will delivered a startling presentation to the general public, who completely filled the Auditori—the main Conference Room, 320 seats—and were invited to ask questions to the speaker who had boldly guided them through the daunting world of Black Holes, Waves of Gravity, and other Warped Ideas of

  4. [Development and opportunities from de scientific committee of 25 SECA congress held in Barcelona, 2007].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astier Peña, M P; Lorenzo Martínez, S; Santiñá, M; Martín, A

    2009-01-01

    To perform a self-assessment of the Scientific Committee of the 25th Conference of the Spanish Society for Quality in Healthcare held in Barcelona on October 2007 in order to identify improvement areas for future Conferences. Applying PDCA methodology to the tasks undertaken by the Scientific Committee (SC) of the Conference. Plan: A description of the preparation of the conference based on the abstract management of the Scientific Committee. Do: description of the implementation. Check: evaluation of activities. A: improvement proposals for the coming conferences. The SC (22 people) worked in the abstracts management, book publishing and development of the scientific aspects of the Conference. Abstracts evaluation was conducted by 11 pairs of blind evaluators who analysed 348 oral communications and 457 posters, and 10.09% were rejected. Oral communications were performed in a total of 36 oral presentations sessions and 24 poster sessions. The book was published with the abstracts, addresses and the Conference opening and closing sessions. Awards: communications graded over 7.5 applied for an award and were reassessed by the SC. The on-line conference was also well received. The satisfaction with the Conference regarding the scientific activities was good; however, several areas of improvement were identified.

  5. The impact of future summer temperature on public health in Barcelona and Catalonia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostro, Bart; Barrera-Gómez, Jose; Ballester, Joan; Basagaña, Xavier; Sunyer, Jordi

    2012-11-01

    Several epidemiological studies have reported associations between increases in summer temperatures and risks of premature mortality. The quantitative implications of predicted future increases in summer temperature, however, have not been extensively characterized. We have quantified these effects for the four main cities in Catalonia, Spain (Barcelona, Tarragona, Lleida, Girona). We first used case-crossover analysis to estimate the association between temperature and mortality for each of these cities for the period 1983 to 2006. These exposure-response (ER) functions were then combined with local measures of current and projected changes in population, mortality and temperature for the years 2025 and 2050. Predicted daily mean temperatures were based on the A1B greenhouse gas emission, "business-as-usual" scenario simulations derived from the ENSEMBLES project. Several different ER functions were examined and significant associations between temperature and mortality were observed for all four cities. For these four cities, the age-specific piecewise linear model predicts 520 (95%CI 340, 720) additional annual deaths attributable to the change in temperature in 2025 relative to the average from the baseline period of 1960-1990. For 2050, the estimate increases to 1,610 deaths per year during the warm season. For Catalonia as a whole, the point estimates for those two years are 720 and 2,330 deaths per year, respectively, or about 2 and 3% of the warm season. In comparing these predicted impacts with current causes of mortality, they clearly represent significant burdens to public health in Catalonia.

  6. Sustainability Commitment, New Competitors’ Presence, and Hotel Performance: The Hotel Industry in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pedro Aznar

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The hospitality industry is facing major challenges, among them the new competition from novel forms of supply in the sharing economy. Airbnb, Homeaway, and Niumba, among other websites offering accommodations, are having an important impact in the sector, changing existing conditions and the market for the traditional hospitality industry. In this context, a strategy based in differentiation can help to prevent drops in revenues and profitability. The main objective of this paper is analyse if commitment towards sustainability has a positive impact on financial performance and can be considered a positive strategy in this new environment. The empirical data refer to a sample of hotels in Barcelona, one of the most important tourist cities in Europe. Our results suggest that there is no clear relationship between sustainability and better financial performance; however, sustainability commitment is associated with a minimum size, which can also have positive effects in terms of economies of scale and finally affect profitability. Hotels more committed to environmental issues are located in areas with a lower density of Airbnb apartments, and this geographical distribution can be more positive than a situation of massive tourist concentration in specific areas with negative externalities for neighbours.

  7. Diversity Management Among Small Shops in Barcelona: A Case of Community Intercultural Mediation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercé Zegrí

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The setting up of small shops by foreign people involves a number of difficulties and challenges with respect to how it fits in certain districts. These issues have been tackled from the view of intercultural mediation. This kind of intervention focuses on relationships and communication among shopkeepers by highlighting their common interests. Intervention also includes making associative networks acknowledge and adapt to new realities. This paper describes a process of intervention focused on community intercultural mediation carried out in small shops in a district of Barcelona. First, most significant results of the diagnosis stage are shown concerning the speech and relationships of main agents along with “conflict” analysis. Then a detailed mediation intervention is described that was carried out with a group of shopkeepers called “shop promoting group”. Finally, bearing in mind their high participative and transformational potential, some general appraisals are made with respect to the impact of this type of processes and their continuity and sustainability.

  8. Where Sustainable School Meets the ‘Tthird Teacher’: Primary School Case Study From Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Brkovic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Participatory evaluation of aspiring sustainable schools and their pedagogical potential has recently come into focus. A few authors have made a significant start in examining schools as both environmentally and socially sustainable environments, which might simultaneously represent the ‘third teacher’. However, discussion around this idea is new in Spain. This paper describes a participatory post-occupancy study conducted with teachers and pupils in Fort Pienc School, Barcelona, Spain. Findings reveal the pedagogical potential of the school’s spaces and fabric, characterised as ‘sustainable’, and highlight the aspects that the research participants feel are performing and underperforming. The paper concludes that if we want sustainable schools to be a strategy for renovating the educational process and for leading us towards a better tomorrow globally and locally,  new models for exploring the pedagogical potential of sustainable schools should be developed and the efforts of all relevant parties synchronised; from architects to governments, from pupils to teachers.

  9. Developpement D'un Modele Climatique Regional: Fizr Simulation des Conditions de Janvier de la Cote Ouest Nord Americaine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyette, Stephane

    1995-11-01

    Le sujet de cette these concerne la modelisation numerique du climat regional. L'objectif principal de l'exercice est de developper un modele climatique regional ayant les capacites de simuler des phenomenes de meso-echelle spatiale. Notre domaine d'etude se situe sur la Cote Ouest nord americaine. Ce dernier a retenu notre attention a cause de la complexite du relief et de son controle sur le climat. Les raisons qui motivent cette etude sont multiples: d'une part, nous ne pouvons pas augmenter, en pratique, la faible resolution spatiale des modeles de la circulation generale de l'atmosphere (MCG) sans augmenter a outrance les couts d'integration et, d'autre part, la gestion de l'environnement exige de plus en plus de donnees climatiques regionales determinees avec une meilleure resolution spatiale. Jusqu'alors, les MCG constituaient les modeles les plus estimes pour leurs aptitudes a simuler le climat ainsi que les changements climatiques mondiaux. Toutefois, les phenomenes climatiques de fine echelle echappent encore aux MCG a cause de leur faible resolution spatiale. De plus, les repercussions socio-economiques des modifications possibles des climats sont etroitement liees a des phenomenes imperceptibles par les MCG actuels. Afin de circonvenir certains problemes inherents a la resolution, une approche pratique vise a prendre un domaine spatial limite d'un MCG et a y imbriquer un autre modele numerique possedant, lui, un maillage de haute resolution spatiale. Ce processus d'imbrication implique alors une nouvelle simulation numerique. Cette "retro-simulation" est guidee dans le domaine restreint a partir de pieces d'informations fournies par le MCG et forcee par des mecanismes pris en charge uniquement par le modele imbrique. Ainsi, afin de raffiner la precision spatiale des previsions climatiques de grande echelle, nous developpons ici un modele numerique appele FIZR, permettant d'obtenir de l'information climatique regionale valide a la fine echelle spatiale

  10. Factors related to non-recovery from whiplash. The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myrtveit, Solbjørg Makalani; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Petrie, Keith J; Wilhelmsen, Ingvard; Wenzel, Hanne Gro; Sivertsen, Børge

    2014-06-01

    Whiplash injuries show a variable prognosis which is difficult to predict. Most individuals experiencing whiplash injuries rapidly recover but a significant proportion develop chronic symptoms and ongoing disability. By employing longitudinal data, we investigated how psychological and physical symptoms, self-rated health, use of health services and medications, health behavior and demographic factors predict recovery from whiplash. Data from two waves of a large, Norwegian, population-based study (The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study: HUNT2 and HUNT3) were used. Individuals reporting whiplash in HUNT2 (baseline) were identified in HUNT3 11 years later. The characteristics of individuals still suffering from whiplash in HUNT3 were compared with the characteristics of individuals who had recovered using Pearson's chi-squared test, independent sample t-tests and logistic regression. At follow-up, 31.6 % of those reporting whiplash at baseline had not recovered. These individuals (n = 199) reported worse health at baseline than recovered individuals (n = 431); they reported poorer self-rated health (odds ratio [OR] = 3.12; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 2.20-4.43), more symptoms of anxiety (OR = 1.70; 95 % CI, 1.15-2.50), more diffuse somatic symptoms (OR = 2.38; 95 % CI, 1.61-3.51) and more musculoskeletal symptoms (OR = 1.21; 95 % CI, 1.13-1.29). Individuals still suffering from whiplash also visited more health practitioners at baseline (OR = 1.18; 95 % CI, 1.06-1.32) and used more medications (OR = 1.24; 95 % CI, 1.09-1.40). Poor self-rated health seems to be a strong risk factor for whiplash injuries becoming chronic. Diffuse somatic symptoms, musculoskeletal symptoms and symptoms of anxiety at baseline are important prognostic risk factors. Knowledge of these maintaining risk factors enables identification of individuals at risk of non-recovery, facilitating adequate treatment for this vulnerable group.

  11. Observation de terrain et télédétection (Baie du Roi, Spitsberg nord-occidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Laffly

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Les observations de terrain sont fondamentales en télédétection. Selon la finalité de l’étude, la description des paysages observés sera plus ou moins détaillée. Une simple reconnaissance des principaux postes d’occupation du sol demande peu d’indicateurs et ne nécessite pas une localisation à la tachèle près. En revanche, l’analyse du contenu des pixels en vue d’une modélisation statistique s’appuie sur une description thématique détaillée de points localisés très précisément. Dans ce cas les images utilisées doivent être correctement géoréférencées et la localisation sur le terrain se fait à l’aide d’un GPS différentiel. Restent les problèmes du choix des points à analyser ainsi que celui de l’observation elle-même de leur "contenu". Nous présentons dans cet article une méthode qui vise à répondre à ces deux questions. Notre approche est fondée sur la technique du sondage systématique non-aligné. Cette dernière permet de tenir compte à la fois de la valeur des points observés et de leur localisation pour définir le plan d’échantillonnage. Les exemples présentés sont issus d’une étude réalisée sur les sandurs de la presqu’île de Br¯gger au Spitsberg nord-occidental (images SPOT XSP.

  12. Répercussions de la chute du mur de Berlin sur des conflits nationalistes : Pays Basque et Irlande du Nord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Pragnère

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La chute du mur de Berlin et l’effondrement des régimes communistes eurent pour effet de discréditer et affaiblir de nombreux mouvements révolutionnaires, et de provoquer l’émergence ou la résurgence de mouvements nationalistes.En 1989-90, deux conflits violents faisaient rage au cœur de l’Europe occidentale démocratique, en Irlande du Nord et au Pays Basque.Dans ces deux territoires, des nationalistes, dont certains étaient des radicaux animés par des revendications nationalistes et révolutionnaires s’opposèrent à des états démocratiques par l’utilisation de la violence. Un processus de paix se développa à partir de 1998 en Irlande du Nord ; celui du Pays Basque est toujours dans l’impasse.Il semble au premier abord que ces conflits continuèrent sans bouleversement majeur dans la période qui suivit la chute du mur.Cet article examine les revendications des nationalistes en Irlande du Nord et au Pays Basque pour tenter de dévoiler dans quelle mesure ils furent affectés par ce choc historique.Une perspective comparative permet de comprendre que ces mouvements furent influencés différemment en fonction des contextes locaux. Certains acteurs politiques restèrent volontairement imperméables, alors que d’autres furent davantage affectés par le débat idéologique.

  13. Polymorphisme de l'apolipoprotéine E dans la population du nord du Maroc: fréquence et influence sur les paramètres lipidiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benyahya, Fatiha; Barakat, Amina; Ghailani, Naima; Bennani, Mohcine

    2013-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de ce travail est de déterminer les fréquences alléliques et génotypiques des sites polymorphes situés dans le gène de l'apolipoprotéine E (apo E) ainsi que leur impact sur les paramètres cliniques et lipidiques dans un échantillon de la population du nord du Maroc cliniquement diagnostiqué ADH. Méthodes Le génotype de l'apo E a été analysé par séquençage direct chez 46 patients cliniquement diagnostiqués ADH selon les critères standards. Résultats Les fréquences des allèles epsilon 3, epsilon 2 et epsilon 4 ont été respectivement 78.3%, 2.2% et 19.6%. La fréquence de l'allèle epsilon 4 est très élevée chez la population du nord du Maroc en comparaison avec les populations des autres régions marocaines. Elle est similaire à celle rapportée dans les pays de l'Europe du nord. Les taux du cholestérol total, du cholestérol LDL ainsi que la présence des xanthomes et les maladies cardiovasculaires ne différent pas entre les génotypes de l'apoE. En revanche, les résultats ont montré une influence de l'allèle epsilon4 sur le taux des triglycérides chez les sujets obèses. Conclusion Le génotype de l'apoE ne peut expliquer le phénotype clinique et biochimique présenté par des patients du Nord du Maroc cliniquement diagnostiqués ADH. PMID:24396563

  14. Prevalence and associated factors of DSM-V insomnia in Norway: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uhlig, Benjamin Langsæter; Sand, Trond; Odegård, Siv Steinsmo; Hagen, Knut

    2014-06-01

    Many studies have assessed the prevalence of insomnia, but the influence of non-participants has largely been ignored. The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of insomnia in a large adult population using DSM-V (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed.) criteria, also taking non-participants into account. This cross-sectional study used data from a questionnaire in The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 3) performed in 2006-2008, and a subsequent non-participant study. The total adult population (n=93,860 aged > or =20 years) of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, was invited. Of these, 40,535 responded to the insomnia questionnaire. Among 42,024 eligible non-participants, 6918 (17%) responded to two insomnia questions. Insomnia was diagnosed by applying modified DSM-V criteria. The age-adjusted insomnia prevalence was estimated using the age distribution of all adult inhabitants of Nord-Trøndelag. Supplementary prevalence data were estimated by extrapolating data from the non-participant study. Additionally, the association between insomnia and self-reported health was estimated, adjusting for known confounders. The total age-adjusted prevalence of insomnia was 7.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.9-7.4) (8.6% for women, 5.5% for men). Adjusting for non-participants, the prevalence estimate changed to 7.9% (95% CI, 7.3-8.6) (9.4% for women, 6.4% for men). Insomnia was more than eight times more likely (OR, 8.3; 95% CI, 6.2-11.1) among individuals with very poor versus very good self-reported health, adjusting for age, gender, employment status, chronic musculoskeletal complaints, anxiety and depression. The adjusted insomnia prevalence estimate in Nord-Trøndelag was 7.9%. Insomnia was strongly associated with poor self-reported health. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Proceedings of The 13. Nordic Workshop on Secure IT Systems, NordSec 2008, Kongens Lyngby Oct 9-10, 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    in Security and Mobile Computing “NordSecMob”, and a meeting of the FIRST research school. We received a total of 39 submissions in response to the call for papers, and the programme committee selected 17 of these for presentation at the workshop—one short paper, which is not included in the proceedings......, and 16 research papers. It was a pleasure for us to work with the program committee, and we want to thank both them and the additional reviewers. Beside the submitted contributions we invited Audun Jøsang, University of Oslo, and Michael Huth, Imperial College London, to speak at the workshop. Abstracts...

  16. SARDULUS SACERENSIS CASALE & MARCIA, NUOVA SPECIE IPOGEA DI COLEOTTERI ISTERIDI DELLA SARDEGNA NORD-OCCIDENTALE E SUA MORFOLOGIA LARVALE (Coleoptera, Histeridae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Casale

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Sardulus sacerensis Casale & Marcia, nuova specie di Histeridae ipogei della Grotta di Lu Gardu (Sassari, Sardegna nord-occidentale è descritta e comparata con le due specie note in precedenza della Sardegna centro-orientale, S. spelaeus Patrizi, 1955, e S. incrassatus Magrini & Fancello, 2005. Le caratteristiche morfologiche esternee i genitali maschili delle tre specie sono raffigurati. Inoltre, è fornita per la prima volta la descrizione della morfologia larvale di una specie di questo genere. S. spelaeus, specie nota fino ad ora di due grotte in territorio di Dorgali, è segnalata di una terza località: la Grotta di Istirzili o Stirzili, nel territorio di Baunei.

  17. Vertical and horizontal variability of PM10 source contributions in Barcelona during SAPUSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Brines

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available During the SAPUSS campaign (Solving Aerosol Problems by Using Synergistic Strategies PM10 samples at 12-hour resolution were simultaneously collected at four monitoring sites located in the urban agglomerate of Barcelona (Spain. A total of 221 samples were collected from 20 September to 20 October 2010. The Road Site (RS site and the Urban Background (UB site were located at street level, whereas the Torre Mapfre (TM and the Torre Collserola (TC sites were located at 150 m a.s.l. by the sea side within the urban area and at 415 m a.s.l. 8 km inland, respectively. For the first time, we are able to report simultaneous PM10 aerosol measurements, allowing us to study aerosol gradients at both horizontal and vertical levels. The complete chemical composition of PM10 was determined on the 221 samples, and factor analysis (positive matrix factorisation, PMF was applied. This resulted in eight factors which were attributed to eight main aerosol sources affecting PM10 concentrations in the studied urban environment: (1 vehicle exhaust and wear (2–9 µg m−3, 10–27 % of PM10 mass on average, (2 road dust (2–4 µg m−3, 8–12 %, (3 mineral dust (5 µg m−3, 13–26 %, (4 aged marine (3–5 µg m−3, 13–20 %, (5 heavy oil (0.4–0.6 µg m−3, 2 %, (6 industrial (1 µg m−3, 3–5 %, (7 sulfate (3–4 µg m−3, 11–17 % and (8 nitrate (4–6 µg m−3, 17–21 %. Three aerosol sources were found to be enhanced at the ground levels (confined within the urban ground levels of the city relative to the upper levels: (1 vehicle exhaust and wear (2.8 higher, (2 road dust (1.8 higher and (3 local urban industries/crafts workshops (1.6 higher. Surprisingly, the other aerosol sources were relatively homogeneous at both horizontal and vertical levels. However, air mass origin and meteorological parameters also played a key role in influencing the variability of the factor

  18. Vertical and horizontal variability of PM10 source contributions in Barcelona during SAPUSS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brines, Mariola; Dall'Osto, Manuel; Amato, Fulvio; Cruz Minguillón, María; Karanasiou, Angeliki; Alastuey, Andrés; Querol, Xavier

    2016-06-01

    During the SAPUSS campaign (Solving Aerosol Problems by Using Synergistic Strategies) PM10 samples at 12-hour resolution were simultaneously collected at four monitoring sites located in the urban agglomerate of Barcelona (Spain). A total of 221 samples were collected from 20 September to 20 October 2010. The Road Site (RS) site and the Urban Background (UB) site were located at street level, whereas the Torre Mapfre (TM) and the Torre Collserola (TC) sites were located at 150 m a.s.l. by the sea side within the urban area and at 415 m a.s.l. 8 km inland, respectively. For the first time, we are able to report simultaneous PM10 aerosol measurements, allowing us to study aerosol gradients at both horizontal and vertical levels. The complete chemical composition of PM10 was determined on the 221 samples, and factor analysis (positive matrix factorisation, PMF) was applied. This resulted in eight factors which were attributed to eight main aerosol sources affecting PM10 concentrations in the studied urban environment: (1) vehicle exhaust and wear (2-9 µg m-3, 10-27 % of PM10 mass on average), (2) road dust (2-4 µg m-3, 8-12 %), (3) mineral dust (5 µg m-3, 13-26 %), (4) aged marine (3-5 µg m-3, 13-20 %), (5) heavy oil (0.4-0.6 µg m-3, 2 %), (6) industrial (1 µg m-3, 3-5 %), (7) sulfate (3-4 µg m-3, 11-17 %) and (8) nitrate (4-6 µg m-3, 17-21 %). Three aerosol sources were found to be enhanced at the ground levels (confined within the urban ground levels of the city) relative to the upper levels: (1) vehicle exhaust and wear (2.8 higher), (2) road dust (1.8 higher) and (3) local urban industries/crafts workshops (1.6 higher). Surprisingly, the other aerosol sources were relatively homogeneous at both horizontal and vertical levels. However, air mass origin and meteorological parameters also played a key role in influencing the variability of the factor concentrations. The mineral dust and aged marine factors were found to be a mixture of natural and

  19. [Study on feeding behavior in school children aged 11-13 years from Barcelona].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castells Cuixart, M; Capdevila Prim, C; Girbau Solà, T; Rodríguez Caba, C

    2006-01-01

    To know the family environment, living habits and social characteristics in 11-13 years-old school children. A descriptive transversal study performed in 65 schools of Barcelona during the second three-month, involving 2354 school children aged 11-13 interviewed by 73 pharmacists. The questionnaire has thirty-nine questions referring to family structure, eating and drinking habits, preferences, life style parameters such as physical activity and television viewing. The survey revealed a family unit of two children and their parents was the most common. Only a 12% of the children surveyed lived with their grandparents. Furthermore, the findings revealed a low family presence during the three main meals on the working days, which increased on weekends, 26% on breakfast, 44% on lunch and 11% on dinner. A 24% had breakfast alone and the 46% ate what they wanted. About the afternoon snack, the 25% alone and the 55% what they wanted. A 60% never or practically never participated in decision making, when buying food. A 70% reported they did other activities while eating. Concretely, a 40, 39 and 59% of the children reported they had breakfast, lunch and dinner while watching television. The consumption frequency of trinkets, soft drinks and television viewing were lower for the children from private compared to public schools. This study show that food choice at shopping was mainly done by the parents, however, children had an important role in making decisions of what food they eat and the activities they do while eating. Therefore, pharmacists could have a potential role to intervene in the nutritional education to parents and children.

  20. [Perception of the transition to motherhood: a phenomenological study in the Barcelona region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berlanga Fernández, Sofía; Vizcaya-Moreno, María Flores; Pérez-Cañaveras, Rosa María

    2013-10-01

    To describe needs and experiences of mothers with children under one year old, to identify the factors that hinder the transition to motherhood, and to design the content of a health promotion program to develop motherhood support group sessions. A qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. Eight Primary Care Centres in the province of Barcelona, between July 2011 and July 2012. A total of 21 mothers participating in group dynamics maternity support: All of them participated in interviews and 8 in focus group. Semi-structured interviews were used in a purposive sample. The transcriptions were analysed by structure (latent content analysis) and content (manifest content analysis), with different categories being obtained. The participants in the study defined the construct of motherhood around three categories: Changes in lifestyle, feelings and perceptions. They identified as the most stressful times; «the new role», «changes in the partner relationship», «feelings», «experiences of pregnancy and childbirth», «idealisation», «lack of support», «crying», «colic», «read the signs of the child», «bath», «rest», «contradictory opinions», «learning», and «acquisition of new skills». They highlighted, as key topics for group dynamics, feeding, development, affective relationship, maternal confidence, fathers participation, family role, emotional, rest, massage, bath, accident prevention, colic, first aid, childcare, resources, and vaccines. Dynamic groups should be contextualised according to the perceived needs of the mothers, and other family members should be allowed to participate. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  1. PREVENCIÓN INDICADA DEL CONSUMO PROBLEMÁTICO DE DROGAS EN ADOLESCENTES DE BARCELONA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M Guitart

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El Servicio de Orientación sobre Drogas (SOD de Barcelona ofrece un programa de Información y Orientación (PIO para adolescentes y un Programa de Medidas Alternativas (PMA a menores sancionados por consumo/tenencia de drogas en la vía pública. El objetivo de este trabajo es describirlos y comparar los perfiles de los usuarios en cada uno de ellos. Métodos: Estudio transversal descriptivo de 1.010 personas atendidas en ambos programas durante el período 2008-2010, con cribado de patología psiquiátrica y adicción e intervención breve extendida en consumidores sin indicios de patología. Se compararon los perfiles de los usuarios y se calcularon las tasas de uso del PMA por edad. Resultados: El cannabis motivó el 89,9% de entradas en el Servicio. Entre los usuarios del PIO el consumo de alto riesgo de cannabis fue del 13,1% y el consumo de riesgo de alcohol del 11,3%. Entre los usuarios del PMA los consumos fueron del 8,9 y 4% respectivamente. El 38% de los usuarios del PIO y el 6% de los del PMA se derivaron a atención especializada por presentar criterios de abuso o dependencia a alguna sustancia psicoactiva u otro trastorno psiquiátrico. Conclusiones: Los adolescentes atendidos en PMA hacen un consumo de cannabis (y en muchos casos de alcohol de riesgo bajo o moderado comparados con los del PIO. Además del valor de la intervención preventiva indicada, los programas facilitan la detección precoz de consumos problemáticos o trastornos mentales incipientes y su derivación.

  2. RIESGO DE INUNDACIONES EN BORREDÀ (BARCELONA POR LA CRECIDA DE LA RIERA MARGANÇOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Alcañiz Solanas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Las avenidas y las inundaciones son un fenómeno natural común en la zona mediterránea. Las avenidas, con las consiguientes inundaciones, provocan de- sastres que a menudo producen pérdidas humanas, materiales e inmateriales de patrimonio, y por ello este tipo de desastres causan un gran impacto en la sociedad. La relevancia de las inundaciones en nuestra sociedad y el impacto que causó en los habitantes de la zona el episodio de crecida excepcional del río Margançol el 22 de agosto de 2008, ha conducido a profundizar en el riesgo de inundacio- nes en la cuenca de este río. Los objetivos han sido, reconstruir las características hidrológicas del episodio de crecida mencionado, identificar e integrar los facto- res que intervienen en el Análisis del Riesgo de este caso, estudiar la peligrosidad y la vulnerabilidad así como los factores que las generan, y proponer medidas de prevención para eventos similares futuros. Se profundiza en el caso de estudio, analizando por una parte la peligrosi- dad, y por otra, la vulnerabilidad, siempre en relación a la reconstrucción de la avenida del 22 de agosto de 2008. Convienen resaltar que se ha trabajado a dos escalas: una general a nivel de cuenca, y otra de detalle en un tramo de 4,5 km que discurre por el término municipal de Borredà (Barcelona. Con independencia del limitado alcance de la avenida estudiada, las con- clusiones del trabajo permiten, con la metodología usada, evaluar el riesgo de inundación en la zona y proponer medidas de gestión adecuadas.

  3. METRIC SURVEY OF THE MONUMENT OF QUEEN ELISENDA'S TOMB IN THE MONASTERY OF PEDRALBES, BARCELONA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Núñez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available When an urban development is planned the cartography of this territory is necessary, in the same way before starting a project to rehabilitate a monument the graphic information about it has to be available. At present, different techniques are available which allow to obtain three-dimensional models with a different accuracy level and runtimes.This paper shows the work carried out to obtain the graphic information and three-dimensional models that are necessary for the rehabilitation project of the tomb of Queen Elisenda in the Monastery of Pedralbes, Barcelona (Spain. This monument has the peculiarity of being symmetrical about the wall separating monastery church and the cloister. To do this, different techniques have been used that allow us to obtain an accurate model and as complete as possible, for the analysis of the construction process of the monument. In order to achieve the complete architectural survey the integration of laser scanning and photogrammetric data, and CAD models has been necessary. Due to the detail of the sculptures and the Queen’s sarcophagus two sensors, with different resolution, range and accuracy, have been used to obtain the laser scanning data. Stereo pairs have been taken to obtain the 3D model of these elements to complete the model and obtain an ortophotography.In this way, a comparative analysis of both techniques has been carried out, in order to decide which one is the suitable for certain application. This investigation has been restricted to the tomb, in the two symmetrical parts of the monument.

  4. Barcelona 2002: law, ethics, and human rights. Using the law to improve access to treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Richard; Parmar, Sharan; Divan, Vivek; Berger, Jonathan

    2002-12-01

    The XIII International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in July 2000 focused worldwide attention on the problem of accessing treatments in developing countries. In the interim, thanks to the work of activists - from demonstrations to court cases, and from acts of public courage by people living with HIV/AIDS to ongoing lobbying of politicians and trade negotiators - some very significant developments have occurred. But the reality is that the vast majority of people living with HIV/AIDS still lack access to affordable, quality medicines. This article, a summary of a paper presented at "Putting Third First: Vaccines, Access to Treatments and the Law," a satellite meeting held at Barcelona on 5 July 2002 and organized by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, the AIDS Law Project, South Africa, and the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit, India, explores three approaches for improving access. In the first part, Richard Elliott provides an overview of the state of the right to health as embodied in international human rights law; comments on the experience to date in litigating claims to the right to health; and identifies potential strategies activists can adopt to advance recognition of the right to health. In the second part, Sharan Parmar and Vivek Divan describe price-control and drug-financing mechanisms used by industrialized countries to increase the affordability of medicines; and discuss how some of these mechanisms could be adapted for use in developing countries. Finally, Jonathan Berger describes the use of litigation in the courts by the Treatment Action Campaign in South Africa.

  5. Waterpolo: diferencias entre ganadores y perdedores en desigualdad numérica en Barcelona-03

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo García Marín

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las diferencias en la dinámica de la acción de juego en desigualdad numérica en waterpolo según la condición del equipo al finalizar el partido (ganador o perdedor. Se analizaron 1.230 microsituaciones de juego extraídas de los 96 partidos disputados en el Campeonato del Mundo de Waterpolo en Barcelona-03. Se utilizó un diseño sincrónico, nomotético y puntual. La unidad de análisis fue la Desigualdad Numérica Temporal Simple con Posesión. Se siguió un proceso deductivo inductivo para la elaboración del sistema de categorías del cual surgió el instrumento de observación para la cuantificación de los resultados. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < ,05 en variables relacionadas con el reglamento (formas de finalización, el espacio (posición de lanzamiento, procedencia del último pase e introducción de la pelota en la portería, la gestualidad (preparación del lanzamiento, tipo de lanzamiento y recepción previa al lanzamiento y la estrategia motriz (sistemas tácticos de juego y recuperación de la posesión tras lanzamiento. Dichas diferencias en las dinámicas de la acción de juego podrían explicar el rendimiento superior de los equipos ganadores de los partidos.

  6. [Contraception in the Roma population living in two low-income neighborhoods of Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asensio, Alba; Nebot, Laia; Estruga, Lluïsa; Perez, Glòria; Diez, Èlia

    2018-02-22

    To describe the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods and health services in the Roma population (Kale/Spanish Gitanos) of two low-income neighbourhoods of Barcelona (2011-2015). Mixed. Community setting. 1) Descriptive cross-sectional study. We interviewed with a questionnaire a sample of residents of childbearing age. We compared the knowledge and use of contraception and services by ethnic self-identification and sex with adjusted logistic regression models to obtain adjusted odds ratio (ORa) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). 2) Qualitative descriptive study with ethnographic method. We interviewed 10 Roma residents and three health professionals to explore aspects of contraception, family and roles. We performed a narrative analysis of discourse from the recorded texts. 834 people participated, with an 11.8% self-identified Roma population. With regard to the non-Roma population, more Roma women used tubal ligation (ORa: 3.0; 95%CI: 1.3-7)] and implant (ORa:4.9; 95%CI: 3.1-72), and had better knowledge of IUD (ORa: 2,4; 95%CI: 1,4-4,1), tubal obstruction (ORa: 3,3; 95%CI: 1,1-9,9) and injectables (ORa: 2,4; 95%CI: 1.3-4.4). Roma men used withdrawal more frequently (ORa: 3.6; 95%CI: 1.3-10), a practice confirmed in the qualitative study. Both communities used emergency contraception and health services. In the Roma population, contraception and reproduction are in the hands of women. As abortion is culturally penalized in the Roma population, women use it, but they face it alone. Gender emerged as a cross-cutting determinant in all issues explored. In the Roma population reproductive control and contraception remain the responsibility of women. Once the family is complete, Roma women use long-term contraception. Both populations use health services. Copyright © 2018 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. A travel mode comparison of commuters' exposures to air pollutants in Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Nazelle, Audrey; Fruin, Scott; Westerdahl, Dane; Martinez, David; Ripoll, Anna; Kubesch, Nadine; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark

    2012-11-01

    Daily commutes may contribute disproportionately to overall daily inhalations of urban air contaminants. Understanding factors that explain variability of exposures during travel, and especially differences across transportation modes, is essential to accurately assess health impacts of traffic emissions and to develop effective mitigating measures. We evaluated exposures and inhaled doses of air pollution and assessed factors that contributed to their variability in different travel modes in Barcelona. Black carbon (BC), ultrafine particles (UFP), carbon monoxide (CO), fine particle mass (PM2.5) and carbon dioxide (CO2) were measured and compared across walk, bike, bus, and car modes for a total of 172 trips made on two different round trip routes. On average, the car mode experienced highest concentrations for all contaminants. In pairwise t-tests between concurrent mode runs, statistically significant differences were found for cars compared to walking and biking. Car-to-walk or car-to-bike concentration ratios ranged from 1.3 for CO2 to 25 for CO and were 2-3 for PM2.5, BC, and UFP. In multivariate analyses, travel mode explained the greatest variability in travel exposures, from 8% for PM2.5 to 70% for CO. Different modal patterns emerged when estimating daily inhaled dose, with active commuters' two to three times greater total inhalation volume during travel producing about equal UFP and BC daily inhaled doses to car commuters and 33-50% higher UFP and BC doses compared to bus commuters. These findings, however, are specific to the bike and pedestrian lanes in this study being immediately adjacent to the roadways measured. Dedicated bike or pedestrian routes away from traffic would lead to lower active travel doses.

  8. [Management of the risks associated with allergens in school canteens in Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballé-Gavaldà, Laura; García-Cid, Ester; Fontcuberta-Famadas, Mireia; Balfagón-Marzal, Pere; Durán-Neira, Julia

    2014-01-01

    To determine demand for special meals and their types for students with food allergies or intolerances (FAI) in school canteens in Barcelona (Spain) during the 2011-12 school year, and to ascertain the degree of implementation of self-assessment plans and preventive measures for the management of allergens, and the relationships between the application of such measures and other variables. A descriptive study was performed of a representative sample of schools (n=129). The dependent variables collected data on the schools and students, the level of demand for special meals, and the implementation of preventive measures. Independent variables consisted of canteen management, the number of users, and whether self-assessment plans were implemented. For those schools that prepared meals (n=92), an index was calculated from the questions on preventive measures. Student t-tests were used to compare the means of the indices with stratification by the independent variables. A total of 89% of schools served special meals for students with FAI (1,507 special meals per day, 5% of all meals) and 65% had no allergen control plan. The mean of the indices was 11.6 out of 17. Externally managed canteens, with more users and with self-assessment plans, implemented more preventive measures for allergen management (p<0.05). A high proportion of schools report carrying out preventive measures in the process of preparing and serving special meals. Those with self-assessment plans have better preventive practices. To manage this food-related risk, food hygiene inspection services should promote the implementation of allergen control plans in school canteens. Copyright © 2014 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Impact of immigration on the cost of emergency visits in Barcelona (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Oscar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The impact of immigration on health services utilisation has been analysed by several studies performed in countries with lower levels of immigration than Spain. These studies indicate that health services utilisation is lower among the immigrant population than among the host population and that immigrants tend to use hospital emergency services at the expense of primary care. We aimed to quantify the relative over-utilisation of emergency services in the immigrant population. Methods Emergency visits to Hospital del Mar in Barcelona in 2002 and 2003 were analysed. The country of origin, gender, age, discharge-related circumstances (hospital admission, discharge to home, or death, medical specialty, and variable cost related to medical care were registered. Immigrants were grouped into those from high-income countries (IHIC and those from low-income countries (ILIC and the average direct cost was compared by country of origin. A multivariate linear mixed model of direct costs was adjusted by country of origin (classified in five groups and by the individual variables of age, gender, hospital admission, and death as a cause of discharge. Medical specialty was considered as a random effect. Results With the exception of gynaecological emergency visits, costs resulting from emergency visits by both groups of immigrants were lower than those due to visits by the Spanish-born population. This effect was especially marked for emergency visits by adults. Conclusion Immigrants tend to use the emergency department in preference to other health services. No differences were found between IHIC and ILIC, suggesting that this result was due to the ease of access to emergency services and to lack of knowledge about the country's health system rather than to poor health status resulting from immigrants' socioeconomic position. The use of costs as a variable of complexity represents an opportunistic use of a highly exhaustive registry

  10. Everyday politics, social practices and movement networks: daily life in Barcelona's social centres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Luke

    2015-06-01

    The relations between everyday life and political participation are of interest for much contemporary social science. Yet studies of social movement protest still pay disproportionate attention to moments of mobilization, and to movements with clear organizational boundaries, tactics and goals. Exceptions have explored collective identity, 'free spaces' and prefigurative politics, but such processes are framed as important only in accounting for movements in abeyance, or in explaining movement persistence. This article focuses on the social practices taking place in and around social movement spaces, showing that political meanings, knowledge and alternative forms of social organization are continually being developed and cultivated. Social centres in Barcelona, Spain, autonomous political spaces hosting cultural and educational events, protest campaigns and alternative living arrangements, are used as empirical case studies. Daily practices of food provisioning, distributing space and dividing labour are politicized and politicizing as they unfold and develop over time and through diverse networks around social centres. Following Melucci, such latent processes set the conditions for social movements and mobilization to occur. However, they not only underpin mobilization, but are themselves politically expressive and prefigurative, with multiple layers of latency and visibility identifiable in performances of practices. The variety of political forms - adversarial, expressive, theoretical, and routinized everyday practices, allow diverse identities, materialities and meanings to overlap in movement spaces, and help explain networks of mutual support between loosely knit networks of activists and non-activists. An approach which focuses on practices and networks rather than mobilization and collective actors, it is argued, helps show how everyday life and political protest are mutually constitutive. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2014.

  11. [Perception of healthcare professionals on the Breast Cancer Screening Programme in Barcelona].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serral, G; Puigpinós-Riera, R; Maydana, E; Pons-Vigués, M; Borrell, C

    2013-01-01

    A good communication plan is vital for optimal results in any screening programme. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, involvement and opinion of health professionals regarding the Breast Cancer Screening Programme in Barcelona in 2008. A cross-sectional study using an anonymous and self-administered questionnaire. The study population (N = 960) were health professionals from Primary Health-care (PH), Programs for Sexual and Reproductive Health (PSRH), and Community Pharmacies (CP). The dependent variables were: knowledge of the Programme, professional involvement and opinion of the Programme. The independent variables were: sex, age, qualifications, employment status, and health team. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was performed. Using multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for age, an Odds Ratios (OR) were obtained along with the 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%). PSRH professionals know the target population better; 80.2% versus 26.1% PH, and 14.0% CP, respectively. Professional involvement was related to the health care team (ORCP/PH: 0.32, CI 95%: 0.22-0.43) being observed more in PH. The opinion on the Programme in reducing breast cancer mortality was similar in the three teams (61.6% PH, 59.3% PSRH, and 56.5% CP). Healthcare professionals are unaware of some aspects of Programme, such as age range or periodicity. There is great professional involvement and belief that the Programme has helped disseminate information and knowledge on the early detection of breast cancer. Copyright © 2012 SECA. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Las lógicas del deporte en la calle: espacios, practicantes y socialidades en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Sánchez Martín

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Con el presente artículo pretendemos mostrar una aproximación al complejo universo de las lógicas que dirigen la colonización del espacio público urbano a través de las prácticas físico-deportivas que, en menor o mayor medida, hacen uso y se apropian de las calles y plazas de la ciudad de Barcelona. En las reflexiones que siguen, se observa la heterogeneidad del fenómeno que, lejos de representar en exclusiva la superación y el rebasamiento del sistema deportivo moderno –así como de las características que lo sustentaban– para ubicarse en un universo postmoderno, se presenta como un hecho social total. Un deporte “urbano” que es moderno y postmoderno a la vez, informal y formal, lúdico y competitivo, libre y dirigido, abierto y cerrado, contradictorio y complejo siempre. Este estudio nos permite dibujar las características de algunos itinerarios deportivos urbanos, señalar diferentes perfiles de practicantes y nos acerca a las redes de socialidad que se establecen en este contexto. Las investigaciones empíricas que apoyan la parte de revisión teórica de este estudio, se basan en una serie de trabajos realizados desde el “Grup de Recerca i Innovació en Esport i Societat” (GRIES de la Universitat Ramon Llull, que incorporan un trabajo de campo realizado en diferentes fases durante el periodo 2002-2006.

  13. Oral health care activities performed by caregivers for institutionalized elderly in Barcelona-Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornejo-Ovalle, Marco; Costa-de-Lima, Kenio; Pérez, Glória; Borrell, Carme; Casals-Peidro, Elías

    2013-07-01

    To describe the frequency of brushing teeth and cleaning of dentures, performed by caregivers, for institutionalized elderly people. A cross-sectional study in a sample of 196 caregivers of 31 health centers in Barcelona. The dependent variables were frequency of dental brushing and frequency of cleaning of dentures of the elderly by caregivers. The independent variables were characteristics of caregivers and institutions. We performed bivariate and multivariate descriptive analyses. Robust Poisson regression models were fitted to determine factors associated with the dependent variables and to assess the strength of the association. 83% of caregivers were women, 79% worked on more than one shift, 42% worked only out of necessity, 92% were trained to care for elderly persons, 67% were trained in oral hygiene care for the elderly, and 73% recognized the existence of institutional protocols on oral health among residents. The variables explaining the lower frequency of brushing teeth by caregivers for the elderly, adjusted for the workload, were: no training in the care of elderly persons (PRa 1.7 CI95%: 1.6-1.8), not fully agreeing with the importance of oral health care of the elderly (PRa 2.5 CI95%: 1.5-4.1) and not knowing of the existence of oral health protocols (PRa 1.8 CI95% 1.2-2.6). The variables that explain the lower frequency of cleaning dentures, adjusted for the workload, were lack of training in elderly care (PRa 1.7 CI95%: 1.3-1.9) and not knowing of the existence of protocols (PRa 3.7 CI95%: 1.6-8.7). The majority of caregivers perform activities of oral health care for the elderly at least once per day. The frequency of this care depends mainly on whether caregivers are trained to perform these activities, the importance given to oral health, the workload of caregivers and the existence of institutional protocols on oral health of institutionalized elderly persons.

  14. Effect of public transport strikes on air pollution levels in Barcelona (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basagaña, Xavier; Triguero-Mas, Margarita; Agis, David; Pérez, Noemí; Reche, Cristina; Alastuey, Andrés; Querol, Xavier

    2018-01-01

    Public transport strikes can lead to an increase of the number of private vehicle trips, which in turn can increase air pollution levels. We aimed to estimate the change in air pollution concentrations during public transport strikes in the city of Barcelona (Spain). Data on strikes of the metro, train or bus systems were collected from government records (2005-2016). We collected daily concentrations of NOx; particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10μm (PM10), 2.5μm (PM2.5), and 1μm (PM1); particle number concentration (N); black carbon (BC) and CO from research and official monitoring stations. We fitted linear regression models for each pollutant with the strike indicator as an independent variable, and models were adjusted for day of the week, month, year, and holiday periods. During the study period, there were 208days affected by a strike of the metro (28), train (106) or bus (91) systems. Half of the strikes were partial, most of them were single-day strikes, there was little overlap between strikes of the different transport systems, and all strikes had to comply with mandatory minimal services. When pooling all types of strikes, NOx and BC showed higher levels during strike days in comparison with non-strike days (increase between 4.1% and 7.7%, with higher increases for NO). The increases in these concentrations were more evident during full day and multiday metro strikes. In conclusion, alterations in public transport have consequences on air quality. This highlights the importance of public transport in reducing air pollution concentrations in cities. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Estudio del comportamiento alimentario en escolares de 11 a 13 años de Barcelona Study on feeding behavior in school children aged 11-13 years from Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    M. Castells Cuixart; C. Capdevila Prim; T. Girbau Solà; C. Rodríguez Caba

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo: Conocer el entorno familiar, hábitos cotidianos y características sociales que pueden influir en la alimentación de los escolares de 11 a 13 años. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en 65 escuelas de la provincia de Barcelona, durante el segundo trimestre del 2000, obteniendo una muestra de 2.354 escolares encuestados por 73 farmacéuticos. El cuestionario está compuesto por 39 preguntas referentes al entorno familiar, hábitos alimentarios y de estilo de vida como...

  16. [Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality over a twenty-two-year period in the city of Barcelona (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalmau-Bueno, Albert; García-Altés, Anna; Marí-Dell'Olmo, Marc; Pérez, Katherine; Kunst, Anton E; Borrell, Carme

    2010-01-01

    To analyze the trend in socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality in Barcelona from 1983 to 2004. We performed an ecological study of trends over 4 cross-sections (1983-1988, 1989-1994, 1995-1999 and 2000-2004), with the basic health area (BHA) as the unit of analysis. The study population consisted of men and women aged 20 years or more living in Barcelona. The information sources were the mortality registry, the municipal census and the census of inhabitants and dwellings. The age- and sex-specific mortality rate (ASMR) for all causes was used as the dependent variable. As the independent variable, a composite index of socioeconomic deprivation of the BHA was calculated; BHAs were grouped in quartiles according to the values on the index. Poisson models were adjusted to estimate the relative risk of mortality from all causes in the 4 groups of BHA, stratified by age groups and sex. In all the study periods, inequalities in mortality were found, depending on the BHA of residence, both for men and for women: the ASMR of the most deprived BHAs were greater than those of less deprived BHA, and were greater among men than among women. Likewise, relative risks in the youngest age groups were higher than in the oldest age groups. However, from the second to fourth study periods, inequalities decreased in absolute and relative terms, especially among men. Inequalities in mortality persist in BHA in Barcelona but have decreased over the last 2 decades. Public policies should take this information into account when tackling inequalities among BHA. Copyright 2009 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Risk perception of sexually transmitted infections and HIV in Nigerian commercial sex workers living in Barcelona: a study protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coma Auli, Núria; Mejía-Lancheros, Cília; Berenguera, Anna; Mayans, Martí Vall; Lasagabaster, Maider Arando; Pujol-Ribera, Enriqueta

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are a serious global public health issue. These diseases are largely preventable, as they are directly and indirectly associated with potentially modifiable factors, including socioeconomic conditions. Sexual transmission is responsible for over 75% of new HIV infections worldwide. Moreover, commercial sex workers and their clients are two of the groups at the highest risk of acquiring and transmitting these infectious diseases, due to an extensive number of sexual encounters and the various factors related to commercial sex situations. This qualitative study aims to deepen the understanding of the risk perception of STIs and HIV and their associated factors in Nigerian commercial sex workers in the city of Barcelona. Methods and analysis This is a qualitative, descriptive, interpretive study based on a social constructivist and phenomenological perspective conducted on a saturated sample of Nigerian commercial sex workers in the city of Barcelona. Data will be collected through semistructured individual and triangular group interviews. Information will be examined using a sociological discourse analysis, allowing us to understand the social and individual factors related to the risk perception of STIs and HIV in commercial sex workers. Discussion Qualitative studies are an important element in identifying individual, social and contextual factors directly or indirectly related to the health/disease process. This qualitative study will provide essential knowledge to improve health promotion, prevention strategies and effective management of STIs both for commercial sex workers and their clients. Ethics This study has been approved by the clinical research ethics committee (CEIC) of IDIAP Jordi Gol in Barcelona, 2012. PMID:23901029

  18. Traffic-Related Air Pollution, Noise at School, and Behavioral Problems in Barcelona Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forns, Joan; Dadvand, Payam; Foraster, Maria; Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar; Rivas, Ioar; López-Vicente, Mònica; Suades-Gonzalez, Elisabet; Garcia-Esteban, Raquel; Esnaola, Mikel; Cirach, Marta; Grellier, James; Basagaña, Xavier; Querol, Xavier; Guxens, Mònica; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J; Sunyer, Jordi

    2016-04-01

    The available evidence of the effects of air pollution and noise on behavioral development is limited, and it overlooks exposure at schools, where children spend a considerable amount of time. We aimed to investigate the associations of exposure to traffic-related air pollutants (TRAPs) and noise at school on behavioral development of schoolchildren. We evaluated children 7-11 years of age in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) during 2012-2013 within the BREATHE project. Indoor and outdoor concentrations of elemental carbon (EC), black carbon (BC), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were measured at schools in two separate 1-week campaigns. In one campaign we also measured noise levels inside classrooms. Parents filled out the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) to assess child behavioral development, while teachers completed the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder criteria of the DSM-IV (ADHD-DSM-IV) list to assess specific ADHD symptomatology. Negative binomial mixed-effects models were used to estimate associations between the exposures and behavioral development scores. Interquartile range (IQR) increases in indoor and outdoor EC, BC, and NO2 concentrations were positively associated with SDQ total difficulties scores (suggesting more frequent behavioral problems) in adjusted multivariate models, whereas noise was significantly associated with ADHD-DSM-IV scores. In our study population of 7- to 11-year-old children residing in Barcelona, exposure to TRAPs at school was associated with increased behavioral problems in schoolchildren. Noise exposure at school was associated with more ADHD symptoms. Forns J, Dadvand P, Foraster M, Alvarez-Pedrerol M, Rivas I, López-Vicente M, Suades-Gonzalez E, Garcia-Esteban R, Esnaola M, Cirach M, Grellier J, Basagaña X, Querol X, Guxens M, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Sunyer J. 2016. Traffic-related air pollution, noise at school, and behavioral problems in Barcelona schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study. Environ Health Perspect

  19. Consolidación estructural del edificio patrimonial de C/Ripoll, 25 de Barcelona - Ca la Dona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bestraten, S.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The building, found in 25th Ripoll Street, in Barcelona, is listed by the Special Plan for protection of architectural heritage of the Barcelona district, Ciutat Vella. In 2005, the Ca la Dona association with support from all Catalan public administrations, starts a restoration process under a sustainability criteria. An innovative structural intervention is performed consisting in a functional replacement of the existing floorings with cross-laminated timber panel, which, doesn’t change the overall load state of the building, making compatible the structural continuity of the existing load-bearing walls. This project opens a way to the prefabrication of solutions used in architectural restoration, allowing to adapt to regulatory constraints, along with considering current issues, such as, sustainability.

    El edificio de la calle Ripoll nº25 de Barcelona está catalogado por el Plan especial de protección del patrimonio arquitectónico del distrito barcelonés de Ciutat Vella. En 2005 la asociación Ca la Dona con el apoyo de todas las administraciones públicas catalanas inicia un proceso de rehabilitación con criterios de sostenibilidad. Se realiza una intervención estructural innovadora consistente en una sustitución funcional de forjados existentes con panel de madera contralaminada, que en general no modifica el estado de cargas del edificio haciendo compatible la continuidad estructural de los muros de carga existentes. Este proyecto abre un camino a la prefabricación en la rehabilitación arquitectónica, que permite su adaptación a los requerimientos normativos actuales y a su vez integra consideraciones tan actuales como la sostenibilidad.

  20. Los unos, los otros y las cosas normales de la vida : una etnografía de locutorios en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Gerardo Alvarado, José

    2006-01-01

    El presente trabajo "está ubicado dentro un proyecto en marcha [...] donde pretendemos evaluar las repercusiones psicosociales y culturales que conllevan las innovaciones tecnocientíficas asociadas al desarrollo de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs)" (Martínez y Peñaranda, 2004), conocido como el grupo de investigación sobre locutorios en el Departamento de Psicología Social de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. La importancia que tienen los locutorios en la vida co...

  1. Las fiestas populares en la modernidad: celebración y sufrimiento en la fiesta mayor de Gracia de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Bertha Georgina Flores Mercado

    2006-01-01

    El presente artículo es resultado de una investigación más amplia realizada en un barrio de la ciudad de Barcelona sobre la Fiesta Mayor de Gracia. En este artículo me centro en la relación de la fiesta, la celebración, el sufrimiento y la modernidad. De esta forma trato de argumentar que el proceso de modernización de la sociedad y por lo tanto de la fiesta popular ha producido un sujeto que tiene la libertad de celebrar sus fiestas populares pero a la vez este sujeto sufre...

  2. Gestión centralizada de la iluminación en Terminal 1 del aeropuerto Barcelona-El Prat

    OpenAIRE

    Borraz Rocafull, Óscar

    2017-01-01

    Este trabajo consiste en el estudio de una gestión centralizada de iluminación en la Terminal T1 del Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat. Se dan a conocer los sistemas y subsistemas del control de iluminación, con base KNX-EIB (sistema estándar de interconexión de dispositivos) y su central de gestión. También se explican los fallos encontrados al finalizar la obra de construcción de la T1 (terminada en 2009) o los sucedidos durante su operatividad. Así como mejoras para su func...

  3. Mistura, Identidade e Memória na Alimentação de Imigrantes Brasileiros em Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva, Marilda Checcucci Gonçalves

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: no artigo se apresentam resultados de pesquisa com imigrantes brasileiros em Barcelona (ES) sobre seu processo de adaptação alimentar. Nela constatou-se que a comida além de se constituir em um marcador identitário, ao diferenciar a comida de ??um prato só?? (espanhola) da comida brasileira, que ??mistura tudo??, se encontra vinculada com a memória e a saudade das relações familiares que ocorrem em torno da comida. Palavras-chave: Comida. Identidade. Memória. Imigrantes brasi...

  4. Crecimiento urbano, red secundaria y tranvía eléctrico en el área de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Navas Ferrer, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    La electrificación de los tranvías en Barcelona supuso la consolidación de una red urbana que enlazaba el centro de la ciudad con los municipios anexionados a partir de 1897. A escala provincial, el sistema ferroviario principal pero sobre todo la apertura de carreteras locales complementarias de la red viaria estatal habían estimulado la oferta de líneas regulares de transporte de todo tipo de carruajes. Pero la introducción de la tracción eléctrica en los tranvías abrió la posibilidad de es...

  5. Actividad y territorio : la localización de la población extranjera en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Bayona, Jordi

    2005-01-01

    Este texto analiza el papel selectivo del territorio en el asentamiento de la población de nacionalidad extranjera y, en especial, de la función de la ciudad de Barcelona como lugar de atracción, filtro y selección de esta población en el contexto de Cataluña. Con este objetivo, en primer lugar se describen las pautas de distribución espacial de la población extranjera en Cataluña, para posteriormente comparar las características sociodemográficas de la población de nacionalidad extranjera ce...

  6. Social-ecological perspective in the analysis of protected natural areas of the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iago Otero, Armengol; Boada Junca, Marti

    2008-01-01

    Socio ecological approach tries to integrate natural sciences and social sciences to study reality from an interdisciplinary perspective. Under this point of view, the article analyses the environmental history in the municipality of Matadepera and studies the socio ecological heritage in Olzinelles valley. Through the two case studies we link socio ecological approach with the improvement of management and conservation of two natural protected areas in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region: Sant Llorenc del Munt i l'Obac Natural Park and Montnegre i el Corredor Park

  7. El boom, Barral y Barcelona : gestación editorial de un movimiento transoceánico

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Ortega, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    En los años sesenta la pequeña editorial barcelonesa de Carlos Barral brindó al peruano Vargas Llosa la posibilidad de publicar su primera novela. Desde entonces, el editor Barral se convierte en el promotor principal del surgimiento y desarrollo del boom latinoamericano y, por consiguiente, en pieza clave para el fortalecimiento de las relaciones editoriales y literarias entre América Latina y España. In the 1960s Carlos Barral's small publishing house in Barcelona affords the Peruvian Va...

  8. Variability of levels and composition of PM10 and PM2.5 in the Barcelona metro system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. de Miguel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available From an environmental perspective, the underground metro system is one of the cleanest forms of public transportation in urban agglomerations. Current studies report contradicting results regarding air quality in the metro systems: whereas some reveal poor air quality, others report PM levels which are lower or of the same order of magnitude than those measured in traffic sites above ground level. The present work assesses summer and winter indoor air quality and passenger exposure in the Barcelona metro, focusing on PM levels and their metal contents. In addition, the impact on indoor air quality of platform screen door systems (automated systems consisting of closed rail track and platforms is evaluated, to determine whether these systems reduce passenger exposure to PM when compared with conventional systems (open tracks and platforms. In the Barcelona metro PM levels inside the trains in summer are amongst the lowest reported for worldwide metro systems (11–32 μg m−3 PM2.5. This is most likely due to the air conditioning system working in all carriages of the Barcelona metro during the whole year. Levels were considerably higher on the platforms, reaching mean levels of 46 and 125 μg m3 in the new (L9 and old (L3 lines, respectively. PM10 data are also reported in the present study, but comparison with other metro systems is difficult due to the scarcity of data compared with PM2.5. Results showed distinct PM daily cycles, with a drastic increase from 06:00 to 07:00 a.m., a diurnal maximum from 07:00 to 10:00 p.m., and marked decrease between 10:00 p.m. and 05:00 a.m. The elements with the highest enrichment were those associated with wheel or brake abrasion products (Ba, Fe, Cu, Mn, Cr, Sb, As, Mo, Co, Sr, among others. Laminar hematite (Fe2O3 was the dominant particle type, being mainly originated by mechanical abrasion of the rail track and wheels. Regarding passenger exposure to PM, the contribution of commuting by metro was

  9. Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martí-Pastor, Marc; García de Olalla, Patricia; Barberá, Maria-Jesús; Manzardo, Christian; Ocaña, Inma; Knobel, Hernando; Gurguí, Mercè; Humet, Victoria; Vall, Martí; Ribera, Esteban; Villar, Judit; Martín, Gemma; Sambeat, Maria A; Marco, Andres; Vives, Alvaro; Alsina, Mercè; Miró, Josep M; Caylà, Joan A

    2015-10-05

    The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. HIV. 66.8 % of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 % of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 % of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh.. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 % of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.

  10. La Participació dels catòlics en el moviment obrer de Barcelona (1946-1978)

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Segura, Josep

    2007-01-01

    El treball d'investigació La participació dels catòlics en el moviment obrer de Barcelona (1946-1978) en què es basa aquest article tenia com a finalitat fonamental fer palesa la importància del moviment obrer durant la dictadura franquista i els primers anys de la transició i valorar la contribució de la presència de militants catòlics en les organitzacions de classe que es van formar durant el període abans esmentat. Es tractava, doncs, d'analitzar com es va dur a terme aques...

  11. El ferrocarril como elemento estructurador de la morfología urbana: el caso de Barcelona 1848-1900

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaide González, Rafael

    2007-01-01

    La llegada del ferrocarril a la ciudad de Barcelona en 1848 propició una serie de profundos cambios en la estructura urbana de la ciudad y determinó, en parte, el posterior desarrollo del ensanche barcelonés diseñado por Ildefonso Cerdá. Desde 1860, la aparición de nuevas compañías ferroviarias y sus posteriores fusiones comerciales desembocaron en la creación y modificación de espacios y trazados ferroviarios, que no siempre se adecuaron al proyecto de Cerdá y que incidieron en el desarrollo...

  12. El ferrocarril como elemento estructurador de la morfología urbana: el caso de Barcelona 1848-1900

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaide González, Rafael

    2005-01-01

    La llegada del ferrocarril a la ciudad de Barcelona en 1848 propició una serie de profundos cambios en la estructura urbana de la ciudad y determinó, en parte, el posterior desarrollo del ensanche barcelonés diseñado por Ildefonso Cerdá. Desde 1860, la aparición de nuevas compañías ferroviarias y sus posteriores fusiones comerciales desembocaron en la creación y modificación de espacios y trazados ferroviarios, que no siempre se adecuaron al proyecto de Cerdá y que incidieron en el desarrollo...

  13. Marine environment protection of the North Sea and Baltic Sea. Special report - February 2004; Meeresumweltschutz fuer Nord- und Ostsee. Sondergutachten - Februar 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The marine environment of the North Sea and Baltic Sea is still heavily polluted. The marine ecosystems are under severe stress from overfishing, water pollution, raw materials production and tourism. Environmental protection in this region necessitates decisive political initiatives and strict corrections especially in fishery policy, agricultural policy and chemical substances control. This is the balance of the special expert opinion of the Council of Environmental Experts. The publication specifies the main problem areas, the current pollution situation, the fields where action is most urgently required - especially in fishery, chemical substances, agricultural and sea travel policies - and presents suggestions for an integrated European and national marine protection policy including a regional development concept for the marine environment. (orig.) [German] Die Meeresumwelt von Nord- und Ostsee ist nach wie vor stark belastet. Ueberfischung, Schadstoffeintraege und Ueberduengung sowie die intensive Nutzung durch Schifffahrt, Rohstoffabbau und Tourismus beeintraechtigen vielfach massiv die marinen Oekosysteme. Ein wirksamer Meeresumweltschutz erfordert daher einschneidende politische Initiativen und grundlegende Korrekturen insbesondere in der Fischereipolitik, der Agrarpolitik und bei der Chemikalienregulierung. Diese Bilanz zieht der Rat von Sachverstaendigen fuer Umweltfragen in seinem aktuellen Sondergutachten 'Meeresumweltschutz fuer Nord- und Ostsee'. Das Sondergutachen - gibt einen Ueberblick ueber die wichtigsten Problemfelder und die aktuelle Belastungslage, - zeigt den wesentlichen Handlungsbedarf auf, insbesondere fuer die Fischerei-, Chemikalien-, Agrar- und Schifffahrtspolitik und - entwickelt Vorschlaege fuer eine integrierte europaeische und nationale Meeresschutzpolitik einschliesslich einer Merresraumordnung. (orig.)

  14. Les déterminants internes qui évaluent la performance des banques islamiques : cas de la zone de Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayet Dami

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cette recherche est d’étudier les déterminants internes qui évaluent la performance des 22 banques islamiques cotées en Bourse et ils ont appliqué la même norme comptable internationale dans la zone de Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord en utilisant une analyse des indicateurs financiers tels que la rentabilité, la liquidité, la solvabilité et le risque de crédit, l’adéquation du capital, l’efficacité opérationnelle et l’efficacité d’allocation des ressources. Nous avons utilisé un modèle MCO avec une régression linéaire multiple comprenant de la variable dépendante (ROA ou ROE et de nombreuses variables indépendantes selon les données du panel. Les résultats empiriques indiquent que la liquidité, l’adéquation du capital, l’efficacité opérationnelle et l’efficacité d’allocation des ressources sont des déterminants significatifs dans notre étude. Par contre, les indicateurs de risque du crédit et la solvabilité ne sont pas significatifs pour évaluer la performance des banques islamiques au Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord. Notre résultat est robust.

  15. Commercial development of a new process of uraniferous ore sintering by pelletizing before dump leaching (wet process) application to a very clayey ore of Nord-Aquitaine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Videau, G.; Roche, M.

    1990-01-01

    Much of the French uranium ore contains clay of sedimentary origin or derived from the alteration of rocks of the granite type. During a dump leaching operation by a wet process, these clays reduce the percolation rates and sometimes the percolation rates are so low that the very essence of the dump leaching operation can be called in question. This problem arises particularly for the treatment of the ore of Nord-Aquitaine. The results of tests, carried out at the SEPA in Bessines, have shown that after pelletizing clayey ores with sodium silicate in the presence of sulphuric acid for the polymerization of the silicate, the percolation rates were much increased. This new method was successfully applied, from a laboratory column to a pilot dump of 500 tonnes for the very clayey ore of Nord-Aquitaine. This ore of low grade (approx. 1000 ppm of U) seems to be difficult to upgrade by any other method of treatment in the present economic context [fr

  16. Stranieri e vicini: le banche attraverso le frontiere del nord America. (Strangers and neighbours: cross-border banking in North America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. DEAN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo si occupa di aspetti normativi e competitivi della penetrazione reciproca da parte delle banche canadesi e statunitensi nei rispettivi mercati nazionali . Gli autori valutano il grado in cui i fattori economici sono gli unici responsabili per la differenza nei tassi di crescita tra le banche nazionali ed estere in Nord America. Essi sostengono che il regolamento non ha inciso sullala crescita delle banche estere in Nord America affrontando la questione della reciprocità in regolamenti bancari , prima di esaminare le banche estere negli Stati Uniti e il modo in cui sono state regolamentate .The paper is concerned with regulatory and competitive aspects of the mutual penetration by Canadian and U.S. banks of each other’s domestic markets. The authors assess the degree to which economic factors alone are responsible for the difference in growth rates between domestic and foreign banks in North America. They argue that regulation has not affected the growth of foreign banks in North America by addressing the question of reciprocity in banking regulations, before examining foreign banks in the U.S. and the manner in which they have been regulated. U.S. banks operating in Canada are then dealt with. Finally, the results of an empirical test of the proposition that the growth of cross-border banking is attributable to factors other than differential regulation is presented.JEL: G21

  17. Decreasing prevalence and seasonal variation of gunshot trauma in raptors admitted to the wildlife center of Virginia: 1993-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Jean; Lickey, Adrienne; Sleeman, Jonathan M

    2005-09-01

    A retrospective study was conducted to identify the epidemiologic factors associated with gunshot injuries in raptors presented to the Wildlife Center of Virginia from 1993 to 2002. Of the 3,156 raptors admitted, 118 raptors (3.7%), representing 15 species, were admitted with gunshot trauma as the primary cause of morbidity and mortality. The majority of cases consisted of four species: red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis; 47%), red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus; 14%), turkey vulture (Cathartes aura; 10%), and bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus; 8%). For species with greater than 40 admissions during the study period, the proportion of gunshot trauma of all causes of morbidity and mortality ranged from raptors with gunshot trauma were admitted during the fall and winter months (75%) compared with the spring and summer (25%). A significant decrease in the absolute number of gunshot cases per year was observed over the time period studied. The population-level effect of gunshot trauma is unknown for these species; however, it appears to be minor compared with other causes of morbidity and mortality.

  18. Summary of sediment data from the Yampa river and upper Green river basins, Colorado and Utah, 1993-2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, John G.; Anders, Steven P.

    2004-01-01

    The water resources of the Upper Colorado River Basin have been extensively developed for water supply, irrigation, and power generation through water storage in upstream reservoirs during spring runoff and subsequent releases during the remainder of the year. The net effect of water-resource development has been to substantially modify the predevelopment annual hydrograph as well as the timing and amount of sediment delivery from the upper Green River and the Yampa River Basins tributaries to the main-stem reaches where endangered native fish populations have been observed. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Colorado Division of Wildlife and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, began a study to identify sediment source reaches in the Green River main stem and the lower Yampa and Little Snake Rivers and to identify sediment-transport relations that would be useful in assessing the potential effects of hydrograph modification by reservoir operation on sedimentation at identified razorback spawning bars in the Green River. The need for additional data collection is evaluated at each sampling site. Sediment loads were calculated at five key areas within the watershed by using instantaneous measurements of streamflow, suspended-sediment concentration, and bedload. Sediment loads were computed at each site for two modes of transport (suspended load and bedload), as well as for the total-sediment load (suspended load plus bedload) where both modes were sampled. Sediment loads also were calculated for sediment particle-size range (silt-and-clay, and sand-and-gravel sizes) if laboratory size analysis had been performed on the sample, and by hydrograph season. Sediment-transport curves were developed for each type of sediment load by a least-squares regression of logarithmic-transformed data. Transport equations for suspended load and total load had coefficients of determination of at least 0.72 at all of the sampling sites except Little Snake River near Lily, Colorado. Bedload transport equations at the five sites had coefficients of determination that ranged from 0.40 (Yampa River at Deerlodge Park, Colorado) to 0.80 (Yampa River above Little Snake River near Maybell, Colorado). Transport equations for silt and clay-size material had coefficients of determination that ranged from 0.46 to 0.82. Where particle-size data were available (Yampa River at Deerlodge Park, Colorado, and Green River near Jensen, Utah), transport equations for the smaller particle sizes (fine sand) tended to have higher coefficients of determination than the equations for coarser sizes (medium and coarse sand, and very coarse sand and gravel). Because the data had to be subdivided into at least two subsets (rising-limb, falling-limb and, occasionally, base-flow periods), the seasonal transport equations generally were based on relatively few samples. All transport equations probably could be improved by additional data collected at strategically timed periods.

  19. Tumores de glándulas salivales: Su comportamiento en 10 años de trabajo (1993-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar García-Roco Pérez

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de 107 pacientes que fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente debido a afecciones en glándulas salivales, durante un período de 10 años, en el Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Provincial Docente "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey, con el propósito de describir su frecuencia según edad y sexo, comportamiento biológico, localización anatómica y resultado histopatológico. Hubo predominio de las condiciones neoplásicas benignas en la parótida, mientras que en la submandibular se manifestaron con mayor frecuencia los procesos malignos. El adenoma pleomorfo fue el tumor más frecuente entre las neoplasias benignas y el carcinoma mucoepidermoide, el más común entre las malignas.A descriptive study of 107 patients, who had been surgically treated from salivary gland tumors in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" provincial teaching hospital located in Camagüey during 10 years, was performed to describe the sex and age distribution and frequency of these tumors, their biological behavior, anatomical location and histopathological outcome. It was observed that benign neoplasias predominated in the parotid glands whereas malignant processes developed more often in submandibular glands. Pleomorphic adenoma was the most found tumor among the benign neoplasias and mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the commonest among the malignant processes.

  20. [Sources of information on suicide attempts in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais (France). Contributions and limitations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plancke, L; Ducrocq, F; Clément, G; Chaud, P; Haeghebaert, S; Amariei, A; Chan-Chee, C; Goldstein, P; Vaiva, G

    2014-12-01

    There are very few permanent indicators of mental health in France; suicidal behavior is often only understood on the basis of deaths by suicide. The epidemiological interest and methodological limits of four medico-administrative databases from which data on suicide attempts can be extracted have been the subject of a study in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais Region of France: telephone calls for emergency medical assistance after suicide attempt (2009 to 2011), admissions in emergency services with a diagnosis of suicide attempt (2012), medical-surgical hospital admissions as a result of suicide attempt (2009 to 2011), and psychiatric admissions with a diagnosis of suicide attempt (2011). Usable data were provided by one of two emergency medical assistance units, five of thirty emergency departments and all medical-surgical and psychiatric units; in data from the latter two sources, a unique anonymous identifier gave individual statistics, while the first two covered only suicide attempts. In 2011, the number of suicide attempt calls per 100,000 inhabitants was 304, whereas the number of hospitalisations with this diagnosis was 275; rates are highest in men between 20 and 49 years of age, and in women below 20 years of age and between 40 and 49. Sources are seen to be very homogeneous with regards to the average age at which suicide took place (between 37.8 and 38.5 years, depending on the source), and to the sex (55.0% to 57.6% of women). In 2011, the number of patients with a diagnosis of suicide attempt treated in psychiatry is 2.6 times lower than the number hospitalised for suicide attempt in medical-surgical units (3563 vs 9327). Permanent gathering of data, and the large volume of data recorded, should encourage the use of these databases in the definition and assessment of mental health policy: an increased contribution from emergency call centers and emergency services, and the coding of the suicidal nature of intoxications by a few clearly under-declaring units

  1. Education-based health inequalities in 18,000 Norwegian couples: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilsen Sara

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Education-based inequalities in health are well established, but they are usually studied from an individual perspective. However, many individuals are part of a couple. We studied education-based health inequalities from the perspective of couples where indicators of health were measured by subjective health, anxiety and depression. Methods A sample of 35,980 women and men (17,990 couples was derived from the Norwegian Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 1995–97 (HUNT 2. Educational data and family identification numbers were obtained from Statistics Norway. The dependent variables were subjective health (four-integer scale, anxiety (21-integer scale and depression (21-integer scale, which were captured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The dependent variables were rescaled from 0 to 100 where 100 was the worst score. Cross-sectional analyses were performed using two-level linear random effect regression models. Results The variance attributable to the couple level was 42% for education, 16% for subjective health, 19% for anxiety and 25% for depression. A one-year increase in education relative to that of one’s partner was associated with an improvement of 0.6 scale points (95% confidence interval = 0.5–0.8 in the subjective health score (within-couple coefficient. A one-year increase in a couple’s average education was associated with an improvement of 1.7 scale points (95% confidence interval = 1.6–1.8 in the subjective health score (between-couple coefficient. There were no education-based differences in the anxiety or depression scores when partners were compared, whereas there were substantial education-based differences between couples in all three outcome measures. Conclusions We found considerable clustering of education and health within couples, which highlighted the importance of the family environment. Our results support previous studies that report the mutual effects of spouses on

  2. «There’s no more Progressive Party in Barcelona». Social experience and workers protest into the 1869 republican up-rising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert García Balañà

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explain the 1869 Republican up-rising in Barcelona by adding an evidence unknown to the historiography of republicanism: its confluence with a massive cotton workers strike that paralyzed the first industry of the city from august to October in the aftermath of the armed fighting. So, the 1869 Republican up-rising in Barcelona can be seen as a relevant case study in order to understand some major issues on 1868-1874 Spain: the nature of the rank-and-file/leadership relationship into the republican movement; the social (and not only political sources of popular or plebeian unrest; and the so many faces of the «cuestión obrera» in industrial and liberal societies, as Barcelona had been since the 1830s.

  3. Spatial variability of trace elements and sources for improved exposure assessment in Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minguillón, María Cruz; Cirach, Marta; Hoek, Gerard; Brunekreef, Bert; Tsai, Ming; de Hoogh, Kees; Jedynska, Aleksandra; Kooter, Ingeborg M.; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Querol, Xavier

    2014-06-01

    Trace and major elements concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 were measured at 20 sites spread in the Barcelona metropolitan area (1 rural background, 6 urban background, 13 road traffic sites) and at 1 reference site. Three 2-week samples per site and size fraction were collected during 2009 using low volume samplers, adding a total of 120 samples. Collected samples were analysed for elemental composition using Energy Dispersive X-ray fluorescence (XRF). EC, OC, and hopanes and steranes concentrations in PM2.5 were determined. Positive Matrix Factorisation (PMF) model was used for a source apportionment analysis. The work was performed as part of the ESCAPE project. Elements were found in concentrations within the usual range in Spanish urban areas. Mineral elements were measured in higher concentrations during the warm season, due to enhanced resuspension; concentrations of fueloil combustion elements were also higher in summer. Elements in higher concentration at the traffic sites were: Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Pb, Sn, Zn and Zr. Spatial variations related to non-traffic sources were observed for concentrations of Br, Cl, K, and Na (sea salt origin) and Ni, V and S (shipping emissions), which were higher at the coastal sites, as well as for Zn and Pb, higher at sites closer to industrial facilities. Five common sources for PM10 and PM2.5 were identified by PMF: road traffic (with tracers Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo and Zn); fueloil combustion (Ni and V); secondary sulphate; industry (Pb and Zn); and mineral source (Al, Ca, Mg, Si, Sr and Ti). A marine aerosol source, a mixture of sea salt with aged anthropogenic aerosols, was found only in PM10. EC, hopanes and steranes concentrations correlate strongly with the PM10 road traffic source contributions, being hence all attributed to the same source. OC may arise from other sources in addition to road traffic and have a high contribution of secondary OC. Significant spatial and temporal variation in the PM2.5 and PM10 elemental

  4. A childhood obesity prevention programme in Barcelona (POIBA Project): Study protocol of the intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Martínez, Francesca; Juárez, Olga; Serral, Gemma; Valmayor, Sara; Puigpinós, Rosa; Pasarín, María Isabel; Díez, Élia; Ariza, Carles

    2018-01-01

    disadvantaged neighbourhoods and it is precisely these environments that have the lowest involvement in preventive interventions. Consequently, it is very important to target these populations when designing an intervention. This study will provide an evaluated childhood obesity intervention which includes the perspective of gender and social inequalities. In addition, a sustainability plan has been developed for the intervention. It is planned that, in the near future, the intervention and its reinforcement are part of the set of health educational programmes offered by the Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona (Spain) to schools, with funding both the cost of the training and the materials borne by the Agència.

  5. Presenting SAPUSS: Solving Aerosol Problem by Using Synergistic Strategies in Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dall'Osto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the summary of the key objectives, instrumentation and logistic details, goals, and initial scientific findings of the European Marie Curie Action SAPUSS project carried out in the western Mediterranean Basin (WMB during September–October in autumn 2010. The key SAPUSS objective is to deduce aerosol source characteristics and to understand the atmospheric processes responsible for their generations and transformations – both horizontally and vertically in the Mediterranean urban environment. In order to achieve so, the unique approach of SAPUSS is the concurrent measurements of aerosols with multiple techniques occurring simultaneously in six monitoring sites around the city of Barcelona (NE Spain: a main road traffic site, two urban background sites, a regional background site and two urban tower sites (150 m and 545 m above sea level, 150 m and 80 m above ground, respectively. SAPUSS allows us to advance our knowledge sensibly of the atmospheric chemistry and physics of the urban Mediterranean environment. This is well achieved only because of both the three dimensional spatial scale and the high sampling time resolution used. During SAPUSS different meteorological regimes were encountered, including warm Saharan, cold Atlantic, wet European and stagnant regional ones. The different meteorology of such regimes is herein described. Additionally, we report the trends of the parameters regulated by air quality purposes (both gaseous and aerosol mass concentrations; and we also compare the six monitoring sites. High levels of traffic-related gaseous pollutants were measured at the urban ground level monitoring sites, whereas layers of tropospheric ozone were recorded at tower levels. Particularly, tower level night-time average ozone concentrations (80 ± 25 μg m−3 were up to double compared to ground level ones. The examination of the vertical profiles clearly shows the predominant influence of NOx on ozone

  6. XXIX International Meeting on Fundamental Physics, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, 5-9 February, 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fonseca, V.; Dobado, A.

    2001-01-01

    The XXIX International Winter Meeting on Fundamental Physics took place in Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, from 5 to 9 February, 2001. The meeting was organized by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) in collaboration with CIEMAT. It was supported by the Programa Nacional de Fisica de Altas Energias, by UCM and CIEMAT. As in previous editions, it brought together researchers working in experimental and theoretical Particle and Astroparticle Physics. More than seventy physicists from several countries participated in the Meeting. General talks, most recent results and time for physics discussions were considered in the program. In parallel to the development of the Meeting several other events took place. These events included a meeting to study the future of the Spanish Program of Advanced Studies in Theoretical High Energy Physics, an informal meeting to study the future for detection of high energy neutrino beams with underground detectors in the Canary Islands and another one concerning the PDGE /Proyecto Data Grid Espana). In addition we had the last day a special seminar in the honour of the 60th anniversary of Professor Yndurain. Francisco J. Yndurain played a leading role in the development of High Energy Physics in Spain and all over he was one of the founders of the International Meeting on Fundamental Physics in 1973 (in those days called International Winter Meeting on Fundamental Physics). The efficient assistance of M. Fatas in the organization of the conference is warmly appreciated. We thank R. Pascual for helping us to find the excellent hotel Calipolis where the meeting took place. We are deeply indebted to M. J. Josa and to the HEGRA people form the UCM for their valuable technical assistance along the entire process of preparing the Meeting. We also thank J. C. Gonzalez and M. Lopez for their effort in the preparation of these proceedings and finally to p. Seoane for the design of the poster, advertisements and the logo of the Meeting. Finally

  7. Una posible geografía de las identidades de Barcelona: El caso del barrio de la Vila de Gràcia

    OpenAIRE

    Mendizàbal, Enric

    2010-01-01

    En este texto se hará una reflexión sobre las identidades socio territoriales de Barcelona. En la introducción se discutirá brevemente el concepto de identidad desde la geografía. En la segunda se tratará de las distintas identidades de Barcelona a partir de una geografía de los barrios. En la tercera se tratará el caso del barrio de la Vila de Gràcia, un ejemplo de las identidades peculiares dentro de una metrópoli. Neste texto faz-se uma reflexão sobre as identidades socioterritoriais de...

  8. Pau, conflicte i seguretat a l'Àfrica. Nous reptes i noves perspectives. Barcelona, 3 a 5 de novembre de 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Institut Català Internacional per la Pau

    2011-01-01

    Relatoria de las jornadas internacionales “Paz, Conflicto y seguridad en África. Nuevos retos y Nuevas perspectivas” realizadas en Barcelona en noviembre de 2010 y coorganizadas por el Instituto Catalán Internacional para la Paz (ICIP), la Casa África y el Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB). Las jornadas tenían por objeto analizar las situaciones vinculadas a la paz, los conflictos y la seguridad en África, pero tratando de huir de las visiones pesimistas y adoptando una pers...

  9. urBANALització. La producció residencial de baixa densitat a la província de Barcelona 1985-2001

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Ramírez, Francesc

    2004-01-01

    La tesi doctoral planteja una anàlisi i una avaluació territorial del creixement de l'habitatge unifamiliar a la província de Barcelona durant un període de 17 anys, tot diferenciant els llindars d'especialització del paisatge residencial a partir de la localització d'habitatges aïllats i adossats a diferents municipis. La tesi demostra que, tot i que el fenomen de l'habitatge unifamiliar no és nou a la regió de Barcelona, des de finals dels anys vuitanta adquireix una dimensió nova en funció...

  10. El impacto de las externalidades producidas por el turismo sobre los valores inmobiliarios y la segmentación del mercado residencial en Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Bastidas, Victoria Beatriz; Marmolejo Duarte, Carlos Ramiro

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación estudia el impacto de las externalidades que son generadas por los flujos y atracciones turísticas sobre la formación de los valores inmobiliarios de los distritos de Ciutat Vella, Eixample, Sants Montjuic y Sant Martí, y la segmentación residencial en Barcelona. La hipótesis planteada es que los corredores y atracciones turísticas en Barcelona crean externalidades que inciden positivamente sobre el valor de los inmuebles turísticos y de forma contraria sobre los residentes...

  11. Памятник преградил путь Nord Stream / Туули Кох

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кох, Туули

    2010-01-01

    Vene- Saksa gaasijuhtme ehituse sõlmpunktiks muutuval Gotlandil jäi Slite sadamasse Nord Streami raha eest ehitatud kaile ette mälestusmärk eestlastele ja lätlastele, kes 1944. aastal punavõimu eest põgenedes Gotlandile jõudsid. Kaart

  12. Toxic assessment of urban atmospheric particle-bound PAHs: Relevance of composition and particle size in Barcelona (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesquita, Sofia Raquel; Drooge, Barend L. van; Reche, Cristina; Guimarães, Laura; Grimalt, Joan O.; Barata, Carlos; Piña, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Zebrafish embryotoxicity and dioxin-like activity levels were tested for particulate air samples from an urban background site in Barcelona (Spain). Samples were collected during 14 months, and maximal values for both biological activities corresponded to samples collected during late autumn months, correlating with elevated PAH levels. Vehicle and combustion emissions appeared as the potentially most toxic sources, whereas total PM mass and mineral content appeared to be poor predictors of the biological activity of the samples. Samples simultaneously collected at different particle size cut-offs (10, 2.5, and 1 μm) did not differ significantly in dioxin-like PAH levels and biological activity, indicating that the sub-micron particle fraction (PM 1 ) concentrated essentially all observed toxicity. Our results support the need for a tighter control on sub-micron particle emissions and show that total PM mass and, particularly, PM 10 , may not fully characterize the toxic potential of air samples. Highlights: • Dioxin-like activity was found in all air particle samples collected in Barcelona. • 50% of the samples showed different levels of fish embryotoxicity. • Toxic effects associated to PAHs and linked to vehicle and combustion emissions. • The toxicity was not correlated to PM mass or mineral content. • The sub-micron particle fraction PM 1 concentrated essentially all observed toxicity. -- In vivo toxic effects associated to sub-micron urban air particles from combustion and vehicle emissions

  13. De la perrera municipal al centro de acogida de animales de compañía de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peracho V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la evolución de la política y los servicios de salud pública relativos a los animales de compañía en la ciudad de Barcelona de 1983 a 2001. Partiendo de una actividad centrada en la custodia y la eutanasia de los animales sin dueño de Barcelona, y ofertando también servicios al resto de la provincia, se formula un Plan de Animales de Compañía para la ciudad y se reorienta la actividad, centrándola en los límites estrictos del municipio y el estímulo de la adopción. Se busca la participación de profesionales y entidades proteccionistas, se remodelan las instalaciones, se fomenta la tenencia responsable de animales, se crean colonias urbanas controladas de gatos y se estimulan las adopciones, redefiniendo la actividad con una mayor orientación al cliente. La evolución de la actividad desde 1998 refleja una notable disminución en el volumen de animales custodiados, así como en la proporción de los sacrificados. Esta disminución puede reflejar una mejora en el problema de los animales abandonados. Estos cambios se han traducido en una modificación positiva de las relaciones con los medios de comunicación y las entidades proteccionistas.

  14. Building a panel data set on fuel stations located in the Spanish regional areas of Madrid and Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacint Balaguer

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The data described in this article were collected daily over the period June 10, 2010, to November 25, 2012, from the website of the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism. The database includes information about fuel stations regarding to their prices (both gross and net of taxes, brand, location (latitude and longitude, and postal code in the Spanish provinces of Madrid and Barcelona. Moreover, obtaining the postal codes has allowed us to select those stations that are operating within the metropolitan areas of Madrid and Barcelona. By considering those fuel stations that uninterruptedly provided prices during the entire period, the data can be especially useful to explore the dynamics of prices in fuel markets. This is the case of Balaguer and Ripollés (2016, “Asymmetric fuel price responses under heterogeneity” [1], who, taking into account the presence of the potential heterogeneity of the behaviour of fuel stations, used this statistical information to perform an analysis on asymmetric fuel price responses.

  15. Ceremonia y conflicto: Entradas reales en Barcelona en el contexto de la Guerra Civil Catalana (1460-1473

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raufast Chico, Miguel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the royal entry ceremonies celebrated in Barcelona between 1460 and 1473, in the light of their meaning and importance in relation to the unsettled period marked by the Catalan Civil War (1462-1472. Starting from the premise that these sort of events are likely to reflect the sociopolitical reality in which they occur, it sets out to determine just how far the receptions offered to the monarchy by the city during these years can contribute towards explaining the origin, development and conclusion of the warlike conflict which set the institutions of the Principate against John II.

    Este estudio recorre las ceremonias de entrada real que se celebraron en Barcelona, entre 1460 y 1473, a la luz de su significación y trascendencia en relación al conflictivo período marcado por la Guerra Civil Catalana (1462-1472. Partiendo de la premisa de que este tipo de eventos son susceptibles de reflejar la realidad sociopolítica en la que tienen lugar, se intenta aquí determinar en qué medida las recepciones ofrecidas por la ciudad a la monarquía durante estos años pueden contribuir a explicar la génesis, desarrollo y conclusión del conflicto bélico que enfrentó a las instituciones del Principado con Juan II.

  16. Un artista cortesano en la Barcelona de Carlos III de Austria: apuntes prosopográficos sobre Andrea Vaccaro II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quirós Rosado, Roberto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 18th century Barcelona was a principal entry point for the introduction of Italian courtly culture in Spain during the brief reign of Carlos III of Habsburg. This study analyzes the presence of the little-known Neapolitan painter Andrea Vaccaro II in Cataluña, and his connections with the Royal Chamber and the Spanish Habsburg ministry, as well as the concession of offices in Reame as payment for palace services.La diversidad de focos de introducción de la cultura de corte italiana en los inicios del siglo XVIII español obliga a indagar en la circulación de artistas napolitanos en la Barcelona de Carlos III de Austria. Bajo esta premisa, en el estudio se analiza la estancia catalana del desconocido pintor napolitano Andrea Vaccaro II, sus lazos con la Real Cámara y el ministerio español del monarca Habsburgo, así como la concesión de oficios en los tribunales de Nápoles como pago por servicios en palacio.

  17. Edificios con forjados postesados mediante tendones no adherentes. Edificio Mapfre-Vía Augusta, en Barcelona-España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llombart Jaques, José Antonio

    1994-08-01

    Full Text Available The technique of unbonded tendons applied to post-tensioned flat-slabs of buildings of certain importance has not been very frequent in Spain to date; in fact, it was used on very few occasions. This article gives the basic characteristics of the post-tensioned floors comparing them with the conventional solutions of reinforced concrete floors. The second part of the article brings a description of the main aspects of the design and construction of the Mapfre-Vía Augusta building in Barcelona. This recently raised building has the floor construction with slabs post-tensioned by unbonded tendons.

    La técnica del postesado no adherente, aplicada a losas de forjado de edificios de cierta entidad, ha sido hasta el momento poco común en España, habiéndose utilizado solamente en contadas ocasiones. Se indican, en primer lugar, las características fundamentales de los forjados postesados y se establecen comparaciones con soluciones convencionales de forjados de hormigón armado. En la segunda parte del artículo se describen los principales aspectos de proyecto y construcción de la estructura del Edificio Mapfre-Vía Augusta, en Barcelona, de reciente construcción, cuyos forjados están constituidos por losas postesadas mediante tendones no adherentes.

  18. Capitalists, managers, professionals and mortality: findings from the Barcelona social class and all cause mortality longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muntaner, Carles; Borrell, Carme; Solà, Judit; Marì-Dell'olmo, Marc; Chung, Haejoo; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Benach, Joan; Noh, Samuel

    2009-11-01

    To examine the effects of Neo-Marxian social class (i.e. measured as relations of control over productive assets) and potential mediators such as labour-market position, work organization, material deprivation and health behaviours upon mortality in Barcelona, Spain. Longitudinal data from the Barcelona 2000 Health Interview Survey (n = 7526) with follow-up interviews through the municipal census in 2008 (95.97% response rate) were used. Using data on relations of property, organizational power, and education, social classes were grouped according to Wright's scheme: capitalists, petit bourgeoisie, managers, supervisors, and skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers. Social class, measured as relations of control over productive assets, is an important predictor of mortality among working-class positions for men but not for women. Workers (hazard ratio 1.60, 95% confidence interval 1.10-2.35), managers and small employers had a higher risk of death than capitalists. The extensive use of conventional gradient measures of social stratification has neglected sociological measurements of social class conceptualized as relations of control over productive assets. This concept is capable of explaining how social inequalities are generated. To confirm the protective effect of the capitalist class position and the ''contradictory class location hypothesis'', additional efforts are needed to properly measure class among low-level supervisors, capitalists, managers, and small employers.

  19. NORD's Patient Assistance Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... vsl3ds@rarediseases.org Fax: 1-203-349-8172 Urea Cycle Disorder | Accepting Applications Co-Pay Assistance Medical Assistance Medical ... this program here* *aprender más sobre este programa* Urea Cycle Disorders Diagnostic Testing Phone: 877-333-1860 Fax: 203- ...

  20. Fjenden fra Nord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgenhaven, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    the German and Anglo- Saxon realms. This article explores themes of central importance to Nordic scholars in this period, and attempts to spell out some of the more significant nuances and differences among them. Finally, I raise the question to which extent we can meaningfully speak of tendencies...

  1. O modelo Funcionalista de Christiane Nord aliado ao dispositivo de Sequências Didáticas: norteamentos para o Ensino de Tradução

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdecy Oliveira Pontes

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abordagens mais recentes nos Estudos da Tradução partem do princípio de que não se traduz uma língua/cultura, mas textos. Na perspectiva da Tradução Funcionalista, esses não podem ser compreendidos à parte de seu contexto comunicativo, fato que justifica a proximidade do Ensino de Tradução com o conhecimento sobre gêneros textuais, destacada, inclusive, por Nord (2012. Assim, a partir da perspectiva teórica funcionalista de Christiane Nord (1991, 1994, 1996, 2012 para o ensino de tradução e da contribuição da Linguística de Texto acerca do funcionamento e domínio dos gêneros textuais, este trabalho discorre sobre a aplicação de Sequências Didáticas (SD na formação de tradutores. Para tanto, percorre o seguinte percurso teórico-metodológico: 1. pontuar direcionamentos teóricos a respeito do Ensino de Tradução Funcionalista com base em Nord (1991, 1994, 1996, 2012; 2. discorrer sobre a elaboração e aplicação dos dispositivos de SD, baseando-se nas contribuições de Dolz e Schneuwly (1998, Cristóvão (2009, 2010, etc.; 3. ilustrar um projeto inicial de SD, com o gênero textual peça de teatro, para futuros tradutores, no par linguístico espanhol-português, incluindo a modelização do gênero, por meio da análise de dez peças hispânicas e brasileiras. Por meio deste percurso, o trabalho pretende mostrar que a proposta de SD, contemplando os direcionamentos do ensino da tradução funcionalista, poderá proporcionar ao futuro tradutor conhecimento sobre os diferentes gêneros textuais e seu funcionamento nas distintas culturas envolvidas na tradução, além de possibilitar: (i o desenvolvimento de capacidades de linguagem na língua-base e na língua-meta; (ii a compreensão da tradução como um processo circular.

  2. De la perrera municipal al centro de acogida de animales de compañía de Barcelona From the municipal dog pound to the pet shelter in Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Peracho

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la evolución de la política y los servicios de salud pública relativos a los animales de compañía en la ciudad de Barcelona de 1983 a 2001. Partiendo de una actividad centrada en la custodia y la eutanasia de los animales sin dueño de Barcelona, y ofertando también servicios al resto de la provincia, se formula un Plan de Animales de Compañía para la ciudad y se reorienta la actividad, centrándola en los límites estrictos del municipio y el estímulo de la adopción. Se busca la participación de profesionales y entidades proteccionistas, se remodelan las instalaciones, se fomenta la tenencia responsable de animales, se crean colonias urbanas controladas de gatos y se estimulan las adopciones, redefiniendo la actividad con una mayor orientación al cliente. La evolución de la actividad desde 1998 refleja una notable disminución en el volumen de animales custodiados, así como en la proporción de los sacrificados. Esta disminución puede reflejar una mejora en el problema de los animales abandonados. Estos cambios se han traducido en una modificación positiva de las relaciones con los medios de comunicación y las entidades proteccionistas.This article aims to present changes in public health policy and services related to pet dogs and cats in the city of Barcelona from 1983 to 2001. Initially the center's activity was limited to the custody and euthanasia of stray animals, serving not only the city but also the rest of the province. With the formulation of a city Plan for Pet Animals, the activities were redirected, concentrating on services within the city limits and stimulating adoption. Participation of both professional and humane organizations was sought, premises were renovated, responsible ownership of animals was promoted, controlled urban colonies of cats were established, and adoptions become the cornerstone of policy, centering the activity of the shelter toward its clients

  3. Evolution tectono-sédimentaire du bassin de Talara (nord-ouest du Pérou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Le bassin pétrolier de Talara, dans le nord-ouest du Pérou, est rempli par des séries terrigènes fluvio-deltaïques du Campanien à l'Eocène Supérieur. Cinq cycles de sédimentation (A, B, C, D, E sont définis par des séquences grano-décroissantes d'approfondissement du bassin, à l'exception du cycle B qui résulte de la progradation du système fluviatile. L'activité tectonique distensive qui domine l'évolution du bassin et contrôle la nature et la répartition des sédiments est interrompue, pendant l'Eocène Moyen, lorsque des chevauchements vers le sud-est se mettent en place dans la série tertiaire décollée du socle. Au front des chevauchements actifs, se forment des olistolithes ainsi que des brèches syntectoniques. L'analyse de la déformation en avant des failles inverses montre que les chevauchements se faisaient vers le sud-est et qu'ils affectaient des sédiments peu lithifïés. La cuenca sedimentaria y petrolera de Talara, en el noroeste del Perú, está rellena por secuencias fluvio-deltaicas del Campaniano al Eoceno Superior. Cinco ciclos de sedimentación (A,B,C,D,E están definidos por secuencias grano-decrecientes de hundimiento, excepto el ciclo B que representa una secuencia grano-creciente de progradación fluvial. La tectónica en distensión domina la evolución de la cuenca y también controla el tipo y la distribución de los sedimentos. Sin embargo, durante el Eoceno Medio, suceden cabalgamientos hacia el sureste, dentro de la cubierta sedimentaria terciaria despegada sobre el basamento paleozoico. Olistolitos y brechas tectónicas se forman en la parte frontal de los cabalgamientos donde el análisis de la deformación muestra que éstos se desarrollaron hacia el sureste y que afectaron sedimentos aún no litificados. Talara oil-basin in NW Peru is filled by fluvio-deltaic series of Campanian to Upper Eocene age. Five sedimentation Cycles (A,B,C,D,E are defined by fining-upward sequences resulting from

  4. Les guitarrillas du Nord du département de Potosí (Bolivie: morphologie, utilisation et symbolique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail se propose d’étudier une famille de cordophones regroupée sous le vocable de “guitarrilla “ qui, tant au niveau morphologique et fonctionnel qu’au niveau symbolique, est porteuse d’un profond et ancestral contenu culturel. Ce groupe d’instruments aux caractéristiques originales, est intimement lié aux cultes de la terre, de l’eau et de la fertilité qui sont parmi les éléments majeurs du panthéon andin, en particulier dans les sociétés natives du nord du département de Potosi (Bolivie. Les “guitarrillas”, instruments traditionnels de la saison des pluies, sont d’identité fondamentalement Quechua, comme la majorité des cordophones boliviens. Cependant, à un niveau supérieur, on doit les considérer comme un reflet de la symbiose culturelle andine qu’est actuellement la société traditionnelle de Bolivie. L’ensemble de ces concepts confère à ce type d’instrument une fonction sociale qui démontre que la musique fait toujours partie de la vie quotidienne de la société rurale bolivienne. LAS GUITARRILLAS DEL NORTE DEL DEPARTAMENTO DE POTOSI (BOLIVIA: MORFOLOGÍA, UTILIZACIÓN Y SIMBÓLICA. Este trabajo se propone estudiar una familia de cordófonos reagrupados bajo el nombre de “guitarrillas “, que tanto a nivel morfológico y funcional, como a nivel simbólico, tiene un profundo y ancestral contenido cultural. Este conjunto de instrumentos, que tiene características originales, está intimamente relacionado con los cultos de la tierra, el agua y la fertilidad, los cuales son elementos esenciales del panteón andino, particularmente en las sociedades nativas del norte del departamento de Potosí (Bolivia. Las guitarrillas, tradicionalmente tocadas únicamente durante la época de lluvia, son de identidad fundamentalmente Quechua, como la mayoría de los cordófonos bolivianos. Sin embargo, hay que considerarlas como un reflejo de la simbiosis cultural andina que caracteriza la actual sociedad tradicional

  5. Comparison of parallel temperature measurements from conventional and automatic weather stations at Fabra Observatory (Barcelona).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Enric; Gilabert, Alba; Prohom, Marc

    2013-04-01

    Fabra Observatory , located in a promontory at 411 meters above sea level in the outskirts of Barcelona, hosts a continuous climate record since 1913. Additionally, it has been recording since 1996 simultaneous temperature and precipitation data with conventional instruments and automated systems. The automatization of recording sites employed with climatological purposes is happening elsewhere in the country and across the globe. Unfortunately, in most cases long lasting parallel measurements, are not kept. Thereafter, this site offers an excellent opportunity to study the impact of the introduction of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS). The conventional station (CON) equips a liquid in glass thermometer, located inside a standard Stevenson screen. The automatic measurements (AWS) have been taken using MCV-STA sensors sheltered in a MCV small plate-like ventilated screen between 1996 and the end of July 2007. For our analysis, this MCV period is split in two (T1, T2) due to an obvious jump in the differences AWS-CON in October 2002, produced by unknown reasons. From August 2007 to the present (T3), a Vaisala HMP45AL sensor was placed inside a Stevenson Screen and used for automatic measurements. For daily maximum temperatures, the median differences reach 3.2°C in T1, 1.1°C in T2 and merely -0.1°C in T3. In this later period, 94% of the differences are comprised in a ±0.5°C range, compared to 23% in T2 and only 6% in T1. It is interesting to note how the overheating of the MCV screen dominates the difference series, as 85% of the AWS values taken in T1 and T2 are warmer than the conventional measurements, contrasting with only 27% of cases during T3, when the automated measurements were taken inside a Stevenson screen. These differences are highly temperature dependent: low (high) AWS temperatures are associated with small (large) differences with the CON series. This effect is also evident if temperatures are analyzed by seasons: summer differences are much

  6. Ascites and alpha-fetoprotein improve prognostic performance of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomaa, Asmaa I; Al-Khatib, Alzhraa; Abdel-Razek, Wael; Hashim, Mohammed Saad; Waked, Imam

    2015-05-14

    To assess how ascites and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) added to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging predict hepatocellular carcinoma survival. The presence of underlying cirrhosis, ascites and encephalopathy, Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score, the number of nodules, and the maximum diameter of the largest nodule were determined at diagnosis for 1060 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma at a tertiary referral center for liver disease in Egypt. Demographic information, etiology of liver disease, and biochemical data (including serum bilirubin, albumin, international normalized ratio, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, and AFP) were evaluated. Staging of the tumor was determined at the time of diagnosis using the BCLC staging system; 496 patients were stage A and 564 patients were stage B. Patients with mild ascites on initial ultrasound, computed tomography, or clinical examination, and who had a CTP score ≤ 9 were included in this analysis. All patients received therapy according to the recommended treatment based on the BCLC stage, and were monitored from the time of diagnosis to the date of death or date of data collection. The effect of the presence of ascites and AFP level on survival was analyzed. At the time the data were censored, 123/496 (24.8%) and 218/564 (38.6%) patients with BCLC stages A and B, respectively, had died. Overall mean survival of the BCLC A and B patients during a three-year follow-up period was 31 mo [95% confidence interval (95%CI): 29.7-32.3] and 22.7 mo (95%CI: 20.7-24.8), respectively. The presence of ascites, multiple focal lesions, large tumor size, AFP level and CTP score were independent predictors of survival for the included patients on multivariate analysis (P < 0.001). Among stage A patients, 18% had ascites, 33% had AFP ≥ 200 ng/mL, and 8% had both. Their median survival in the presence of ascites was shorter if AFP was ≥ 200 ng/mL (19 mo vs 24 mo), and in the absence of ascites, patients with AFP ≥ 200

  7. Geochemical signature and phytoremediation of urban soil: a case in Barcelona city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Bocanegra, Javier; Roca, Núria; Febrero, Anna; Bort, Jordi

    2016-04-01

    The cleanup of contaminated places with heavy metals is necessary, but environmental remediation strategies are often expensive and energy consuming. Thus, it is important to develop low-cost and environmentally friendly strategies. Phytoremediation-based technologies could provide a long-lasting solution. The study area is located in Sants, a neighbourhood in Barcelona city (Catalonia, Spain). This place was an industrial area in the last century, which was occupied by a metal smelting industry. Nowadays, the neighbours want to cultivate vegetables in this location, but the history of this area suggests that the soil is polluted by elevated concentrations of heavy metals. The aim of this work was to determine heavy metal concentration in: a) soil, to know the degree of the soil pollution; b) roots and leaves of two plant species, Brassica juncea as an accumulator plant and Solanum lycopersicum as a crop plant, to know the capacity of each species to accumulate metals, and c) drainage water, to evaluate the heavy metal mobility. The main pollutants are Cu, Pb and Zn with topsoil total concentrations about 1355, 2230 and 6239 mg•kg-1, respectively. The established background upper limits in this area in mg•kg-1 were: Cu 145, Pb 91 and Zn 326. The same soil elements for available fractions, extracted with DTPA, were slightly elevated (9.6, 5.8 and 6.7 % of total concentration). The environmental pollution implies great extractability, suggesting the plants in these soils have facility with potentially toxic elements absorption. Instead, the concentrations in subsoil are lower than in topsoil. The concentrations of Cu, Pb and Zn in the plants' leaves are greater in B. juncea 170 ± 52.7, 137 ± 46.3 and 2365 ± 860.4 mg•kg-1, than in S. lycopersicum 102.5 ± 7.1, 22.5 ± 1.3 and 1002 ± 85.2 mg•kg-1 respectively. Furthermore, they are also greater in roots than in leaves. All of them are lower than the threshold to be considered like a hyperaccumulator species

  8. Muusikamaailm : Lihavõttefestivalid Euroopas. Uus kontserdimaja avati Barcelonas. Johann Adolf Hasse ئ 300. Märtsikuu teisi tähtpäevi / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lihavõttefestivalidest Salzburgis, Viinis ja Luzernis. kontsertidest, esinejatest. Barcelonas avatud uuest kontserdimajast L"Auditori. Helilooja 300. sünniaastapäeva puhul on mitmel pool Euroopas välja toodud tema ooperite uuslavastusi. Muusikute tähtpäevi märtsis 1999

  9. Veintidós años de evolución de las desigualdades socioeconómicas en la mortalidad en la ciudad de Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalmau-Bueno, Albert; García-Altés, Anna; Marí-Dell'olmo, Marc; Pérez, Katherine; Kunst, Anton E.; Borrell, Carme

    2010-01-01

    To analyze the trend in socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality in Barcelona from 1983 to 2004. We performed an ecological study of trends over 4 cross-sections (1983-1988, 1989-1994, 1995-1999 and 2000-2004), with the basic health area (BHA) as the unit of analysis. The study population

  10. El rendimiento en el fútbol. Una modelización de las variables determinantes para el F.C. Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Lago Peñas

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es explicar las variables que determinan el rendimiento que alcanza el F.C. Barcelona a lo largo de un partido de fútbol. Para ello se han analizado los 38 partidos disputados por el F.C. Barcelona en la Primera División de la Liga Española de Fútbol de la temporada 2004-2005. La variable que mide el rendimiento es la diferencia entre los lanzamientos a favor y los lanzamientos en contra en cada partido. Las variables explicativas que se manejan son: jugar en casa o fuera, posesión del balón, llegadas al área y equipo rival como determinantes del rendimiento. Los resultados de los análisis de regresión lineal permiten explicar el 68 % de la varianza del rendimiento. El segundo objetivo es valorar la homogeneidad del modelo anterior dependiendo del Episodio de Juego que caracteriza al partido en cada momento, esto es, si el F.C. Barcelona tiene la iniciativa o está a la expectativa en el juego. Los resultados indican que cuando el F.C. Barcelona tiene la iniciativa en el partido tiene un rendimiento mejor que cuando se encuentra a la expectativa y que las variables explicativas analizadas tienen diferente importancia bajo estos escenarios de competición.

  11. Die Energiewerke Nord GmbH. From operator of a decommissioned Russian nuclear power plant to one of Europe's leading decommissioning companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Philipp, Marlies

    2011-01-01

    EWN GmbH is a state-owned company with these duties: - decommissioning and demolition of the Greifswald and Rheinsberg nuclear power stations; - safe operation of the Zwischenlager Nord interim store; - development of the 'Lubminer Heide' industrial and commercial estate. Other projects for which EWN GmbH uses its know-how: - disposal of 120 decommissioned Russian nuclear submarines in Murmansk; - decommissioning and dismantling of the Juelich, NRW, AVR experimental reactor; - demolition of nuclear plants; running the Central Decontamination Operations Department at Karlsruhe, BW. Since 2008, EWN GmbH has held 25% of the shares of Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau- und Betrieb von Endlagern fuer Abfallstoffe mbH (DBE), a firm building and operating nuclear repositories. (orig.)

  12. NKS NordRisk II: Atlas of long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith Korsholm, U.; Havskov Soerensen, J.; Astrup, P.; Lauritzen, B.

    2011-04-01

    The present atlas has been developed within the NKS/NordRisk-II project 'Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe'. The atlas describes risks from hypothetical long-range dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from 16 nuclear risk sites on the Northern Hemisphere. The atmospheric dispersion model calculations cover a period of 30 days following each release to ensure almost complete deposition of the dispersed material. The atlas contains maps showing the total deposition and time-integrated air concentration of Cs-137 and I-131 based on three years of meteorological data spanning the climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and corresponding time evolution of the ensemble mean atmospheric dispersion. (Author)

  13. Etude nutritive des plats alimentaires et des produits laitiers dans la région de l'extrème-nord Cameroun

    OpenAIRE

    Ponka, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Au cours de ce stage effectué du 06 Novembre 2012 au 01 février 2013, à l’’Unité Mixte de Recherche Science et Technologie du Lait et de l’oeuf de l’INRA Agrocampus-Ouest de Rennes (France), nous avons déterminé la composition nutritionnelle des plats alimentaires et des produits laitiers de la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Ainsi, les teneurs en protéines, lipides, minéraux, acides aminés, vitamines ont été déterminées par les méthodes de référence. La table de composition des aliment...

  14. Processus d'innovation et recomposition des territoires agricoles : le cas du semis sous couvert végétal au nord du Cameroun

    OpenAIRE

    Dugué, Patrick; Olina Bassala, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01

    Au nord du Cameroun, l'adoption des systèmes de culture sous couvert végétal (SCV) butte sur le partage des résidus de culture fourragers en saison sèche entre le bétail et la couverture du sol. Elle nécessite donc d'accroître l'offre fourragère et de prendre en compte les différents types d'élevage (villageois, semi-sédentaire, transhumant, etc.). Dans les conditions actuelles de pratique des SCV par les producteurs (faible couverture du sol, peu d'années successives en SCV) les effets atten...

  15. Focus - Les établissements publics fonciers, des outils pour la biodiversité des zones humides : le cas de l’EPF Nord-Pas de Calais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEMOINE, Guillaume

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Les établissements publics fonciers (EPF ont pour mission recycler le foncier dégradé pour favoriser, dans le cadre du développement durable, le renouvellement urbain, notamment pour aider la construction de logements tout en luttant contre l’étalement urbain. Devenus propriétaires de nombreux terrains, dont des zones humides, ils sont également concernés par la protection et la valorisation de ces espaces naturels. À travers l'exemple des actions menées par l’EPF Nord-Pas de Calais pour préserver ces zones humides, ce focus s'intéresse au rôle que peuvent jouer les EPF dans la préservation des espaces agricoles et naturels.

  16. Les premiers temps de l'architecture en briques au nord des Alpes : la question de l'origine cistercienne vue des Pays-Bas

    OpenAIRE

    Lehouck, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    L'argile est l'une des plus vieilles matières premières pour la fabrication de matériaux de construction. La chute de l'Empire romain a marqué la fin de l'utilisation de la brique au nord des Alpes. La brique ne ressurgit véritablement qu' à partir de la deuxième moitié du XIIe s. et de la première moitié du XIIe s.; dans la deuxième moitié du XIIIe s., la brique était devenue le matériau de construction le plus utilisé. Dans cet article, nous discutons les données concernant les premiers ...

  17. NKS NordRisk II: Atlas of long-range atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from selected risk sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith Korsholm, U.; Havskov Soerensen, J. (Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Copenhagen (Denmark)); Astrup, P.; Lauritzen, B. (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy. Radiation Research Div., Roskilde (Denmark))

    2011-04-15

    The present atlas has been developed within the NKS/NordRisk-II project 'Nuclear risk from atmospheric dispersion in Northern Europe'. The atlas describes risks from hypothetical long-range dispersion and deposition of radionuclides from 16 nuclear risk sites on the Northern Hemisphere. The atmospheric dispersion model calculations cover a period of 30 days following each release to ensure almost complete deposition of the dispersed material. The atlas contains maps showing the total deposition and time-integrated air concentration of Cs-137 and I-131 based on three years of meteorological data spanning the climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation, and corresponding time evolution of the ensemble mean atmospheric dispersion. (Author)

  18. Inventory of chemical releases of nuclear installations in the North-Cotentin; Inventaire des rejets chimiques des installations nucleaires du Nord-Cotentin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-15

    The nuclear installations concerned by this study are Cogema La Hague, the Flamanville nuclear power plant, the Manche plant and the National Navy of Cherbourg.The objective followed by the ' source term ' work group has consisted in counting and examining the whole of existing measures relative to the releases of chemical substances in the liquid and gaseous effluents. Then because of the lack of measures for the operation first years of installations, the work group has estimated the order of magnitude of these chemical releases (essentially for Cogema La Hague). This report presents a review of the literature looking at the background levels of chemicals in different environmental compartments: air, soil, plants and animals products. these values have been summarized here to be available for comparisons with concentrations input by the North Cotentin nuclear installations, calculated by the G.R.N.C. (radioecology group of Nord Cotentin)

  19. Los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona, 25 años después (2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Solanellas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo inicial de la serie se realizó una primera aproximación al legado y al impacto de los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona realizados hace 25 años; en este segundo trabajo de revisión tratamos de profundizar en el impacto que estos tuvieron para la ciudad y el país. En el anterior, se llevó a cabo un análisis económico, social y deportivo de lo que se ha considerado el modelo Barcelona; ahora intentamos profundizar y sobre todo realizar análisis comparados con otros países para evaluar si ese impacto fue tan relevante como creíamos. Este análisis económico se basa en el estudio de variables tales como el número de turistas (incremento entre 1992 y 2015, el número de visitantes internacionales durante este periodo, el número de hoteles o el número de pasajeros recibidos. En el análisis deportivo se hace un exhaustivo análisis comparado de los resultados olímpicos obtenidos en diferentes sedes valorando la participación, el número y tipo de medallas, y la clasificación conseguida según el caso. Desde el punto de vista social, se profundiza en el deporte escolar valorando algunas de las variables de prácticas deportivas en las escuelas. De acuerdo con los resultados del anterior artículo, y después de un análisis en profundidad y comparado, se puede afirmar que el incremento del número de visitantes en los últimos 25 años en Barcelona es superior al de la mayoría de ciudades de referencia. A nivel deportivo también se aprecia que el número de medallas fue, proporcionalmente, mayor en España que en otros países organizadores

  20. Control de la tenacidad de los hormigones reforzados con fibras usando el ensayo de doble punzonamiento (ensayo barcelona Quality control of fiber reinforced concretes by mean of double punshing test (barcelona test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Carmona Malatesta

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, se utiliza el ensayo de vigas prismáticas sometidas a flexión para caracterizar la resistencia y el comportamiento en el régimen post fisuración del hormigón reforzado con fibras (HRF. Sin embargo, estos ensayos presentan una alta dispersión en sus resultados cuestionando su empleo para el control sistemático del HRF en obras; tienen, además el inconveniente de tratarse de ensayos complejos que requieren de probetas pesadas y de personal de laboratorio altamente calificado. Alternativamente, se ha propuesto el uso de otros ensayos normalizados de tracción directa e indirecta para realizar la caracterización de propiedades de los HRF, pero éstos han resultado ser muy complejos de ejecutar, sin obtener grandes mejoras en relación a la alta dispersión de los resultados. Con la finalidad de solucionar esta serie de inconvenientes, se ha propuesto el uso de un ensayo de tracción indirecta basado en una configuración del ensayo de doble punzonamiento, al que se ha denominado "Ensayo Barcelona". Este ensayo requiere de probetas de pequeñas dimensiones, con una alta superficie específica de fractura, permitiendo obtener valores representativos de la resistencia y de la tenacidad del material, con un coeficiente de variación de los resultados inferior al 13%, valor que es considerablemente menor a los alcanzados con otras metodologías experimentales. En este artículo se presentan los resultados de diferentes campañas experimentales, que permiten validar el uso del ensayo Barcelona como una metodología experimental adecuada para la sistemática caracterización del HRF en obras.Traditionally, flexural testing of prismatic beams is used to characterize the strength and behavior in post - cracking regime of fiber - reinforced concretes (FRC. These tests exhibit a high dispersion in their results, and therefore invalidate the use of such tests for the systematic control of FRCs works. Also, they have the disadvantage

  1. Determination of the minor disinfection by-products formed in the water plant of Sant Joan Despi (Barcelona, Spain); Determinacion de los subproductos de desinfeccion minoritarios formados en la planta de Sant Joan Despi (Barcelona)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cancho, B.; Galceran, M.T. [Universitat de Barcelona (Spain); Ventura, F. [AGBAR. Societat General d` Aigues de Barcelona, S.A. (Spain)

    1997-09-01

    Chlorine is widely used in drinking water disinfection due to be a powerful and not expense disinfection. Although the benefits of disinfection, the formation of stable disinfection by-products of the health concern, is the result of the interaction of aqueous chlorine with natural organic matter presents in water. Disinfection by-products generated in major concentration are trihalomethane and haloacetic acids. Disinfection by-products generated in minor concentration are haloacetonitriles, haloketones,chloral hydrate and chloropicrin and some new groups such as cyanogen halides and trihaloacetaldydes. In this work two analytical methods.: headspace/gas chromatography/electron capture detector and liquid-liquid microextraction/gas chromatography/electron capture detector are studied and compared to determine the minor by-products and to establish finally, a systematic control of them in the different stages of the Water Treatment Plant of San Joan Despi (Barcelona, Spain). (Author) 12 refs.

  2. COMPARACIÓN DEL COSTE DE LA INCAPACIDAD TEMPORAL POR CONTINGENCIA COMÚN EN 2006 ENTRE LAS PROVINCIAS DE BARCELONA Y MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Ballesteros Polo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La incapacidad temporal por contingencia común es un importante problema de salud pública con grandes repercusiones socioeconómicas, que no se distribuye territorialmente de forma homogénea. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar las diferencias en los costes de la incapacidad temporal por contingencia común entre las provincias de Barcelona y Madrid. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo basado en casos incidentes de incapacidad temporal por contingencia común de más de 15 días de duración seguidos hasta su finalización en una cohorte retrospectiva en el año 2006. La población de estudio fueron los trabajadores de las empresas afiliadas a una Mutua de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales para la gestión de dicha incapacidad ubicados en las provincias de Barcelona y Madrid. Se comparó la incidencia, duración y base reguladora diaria entre Barcelona y Madrid, ajustando por sexo, edad y sector económico mediante modelos estadísticos que tuvieron en cuenta la repetición de episodios en un mismo individuo. Resultados: Se identificaron 24.527 episodios de incapacidad temporal por contingencia común, siendo el 62% de Barcelona. El coste medio por episodio fue un 33% más elevado en la provincia de Barcelona (2.589 t vs. 1.941 t. Los episodios ocurridos en la provincia de Barcelona, respecto a Madrid, presentaron una incidencia un 22% superior (1,22, IC95%:1,10- 1,36 y la base reguladora media por episodio fue 7,8 t superior (IC95%:7,20-8,40. Respecto a la duración de los procesos la razón de tiempos fue de 1,03 (IC95%: 1,01-1,05. Conclusiones: Se observó una mayor incidencia y base reguladora diaria en la provincia de Barcelona respecto a la de Madrid que podría explicar su mayor coste.

  3. Programa de Atención Psicológica para los alumnos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Barcelona Psychological Care Program for the students of the Medical School of the University of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Sender Romeo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El Programa d´Atenció Psicològica de la Facultad de Medicina de Barcelona se desarrolló entre los años 1999 y 2003. Se razonan los motivos de su creación así como los aspectos específicos de pertenencia a una facultad de medicina. Se da cuenta de los trabajos de tipo asistencial realizados en el transcurso de ese periodo, así como de los trabajos de investigación correspondientes a la misma etapa o derivados de las líneas generales que se prolongaron con posterioridad al cierre del programa y que tienen su origen en la línea de trabajo del propio programa. Se analiza la conveniencia y el interés que puede atribuirse a este tipo de colaboraciones que pretenden valorar la etapa universitaria de los sujetos como la antesala de la vida laboral.Between 1999 and 2003 the program of the Barcelona UB Medical School Psychological Service was offered to the students. In this paper the reasons of its birth and specific linkage to the medical school are explained. An account is offered about the psychiatric and psychological are activity developed during this period, as well as the research projects which began during this time and were followed after the interruption of the care program. Finally the interest and convenience of these kind of programs are discussed, emphasizing the utility of considering the time spended at the university as the prelude of working life.

  4. La comunicación digital del FC Barcelona y del Real Madrid CF y su percepción por los periodistas deportivos / Digital communication of FC Barcelona and Real Madrid CF and its perception by sports journalists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Olabe Sánchez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl FC Barcelona y el Real Madrid CF han cambiado su modelo de gestión comunicativa, especialmente en su relación con los medios de comunicación. Favorecidos por la implantación de las TIC, los departamentos de Comunicación de estas entidades se constituyen en gatekeeper al controlar y emitir, a través de sus propios medios de comunicación, como las televisiones y radios propias y los soportes online, las informaciones que ellos mismos generan. De este modo, controlan los mensajes y los emiten directamente a sus públicos objetivos sin la intermediación de los medios convencionales, condicionando las rutinas productivas de los periodistas deportivos.El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la percepción que estos profesionales tienen sobre las diferentes herramientas y soportes online que los departamentos de Comunicación de estos clubes emplean en su actividad diaria con los medios.AbstractThe FC Barcelona and Real Madrid CF have changed their communicative management model, especially in its relationship with the media. Favored by the introduction of ICT, Communication departments of these entities constitute gatekeeper to control and issue, through their own media, such as television and radio stations and media own online, the information that they generate. Thus, controlling broadcast messages and their target audiences directly without the intermediation of the mainstream media, conditioning routines productive sports journalists.The aim of this paper is to show the perception that these professionals have about the different tools and online media Communication departments to use these clubs in their daily activities with the media.

  5. Contribution of ecosystem services to air quality and climate change mitigation policies: the case of urban forests in Barcelona, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baró, Francesc; Chaparro, Lydia; Gómez-Baggethun, Erik; Langemeyer, Johannes; Nowak, David J; Terradas, Jaume

    2014-05-01

    Mounting research highlights the contribution of ecosystem services provided by urban forests to quality of life in cities, yet these services are rarely explicitly considered in environmental policy targets. We quantify regulating services provided by urban forests and evaluate their contribution to comply with policy targets of air quality and climate change mitigation in the municipality of Barcelona, Spain. We apply the i-Tree Eco model to quantify in biophysical and monetary terms the ecosystem services "air purification," "global climate regulation," and the ecosystem disservice "air pollution" associated with biogenic emissions. Our results show that the contribution of urban forests regulating services to abate pollution is substantial in absolute terms, yet modest when compared to overall city levels of air pollution and GHG emissions. We conclude that in order to be effective, green infrastructure-based efforts to offset urban pollution at the municipal level have to be coordinated with territorial policies at broader spatial scales.

  6. 2000 days of SMOS at the Barcelona Expert Centre: a tribute to the work of Jordi Font

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Turiel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS is the first satellite mission capable of measuring sea surface salinity and soil moisture from space. Its novel instrument (the L-band radiometer MIRAS has required the development of new algorithms to process SMOS data, a challenging task due to many processing issues and the difficulties inherent in a new technology. In the wake of SMOS, a new community of users has grown, requesting new products and applications, and extending the interest in this novel brand of satellite services. This paper reviews the role played by the Barcelona Expert Centre under the direction of Jordi Font, SMOS co-principal investigator. The main scientific activities and achievements and the future directions are discussed, highlighting the importance of the oceanographic applications of the mission.

  7. Differences between users of six public parks in Barcelona depending on the level of perceived safety in the neighborhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Pérez Tejera

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Research on the relation between fear of crime and public space has been often limited to psychosocial processes (place attachment, social cohesion, collective efficacy and the effect of environmental variables (brightness, graffitis, cleaness. Most of the behavioral aspects involved, however, have been neglected. In this work we carried out a systematic observational study of the types of users (gender, age, ethnicity, signs of poverty of six public parks in Barcelona. We examined whether there would be differences between users of three parks in the neighbourhood with the highest level of fear of crime and the users of three public parks in the neighbourhoods with the highest levels of perceived safety. The analysis showed significant differences in the spatial occupancy patterns between the two neighbourhoods. The differences highlighted processes of avoidance of public space by women, children and the elderly, and processes of spatial segregation depending on ethnicity and the presence of signs of poverty.

  8. HIV vaccine trial willingness among injection and non-injection drug users in two urban centres, Barcelona and San Francisco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etcheverry, M Florencia; Lum, Paula J; Evans, Jennifer L; Sanchez, Emilia; de Lazzari, Elisa; Mendez-Arancibia, Eva; Sierra, Ernesto; Gatell, José M; Page, Kimberly; Joseph, Joan

    2011-02-24

    Being able to recruit high-risk volunteers who are also willing to consider future participation in vaccine trials are critical features of vaccine preparedness studies. We described data from two cohorts of injection- and non-injection drug users in Barcelona, Spain [Red Cross centre] and in San Francisco, USA, [UFO-VAX study] at high risk of HIV/HCV infection to assess behaviour risk exposure and willingness to participate in future preventive HIV vaccine trials. We successfully identified drug-using populations that would be eligible for future HIV vaccine efficacy trials, based on reported levels of risk during screening and high levels of willingness to participate. In both groups, Red Cross and UFO-VAX respectively, HCV infection was highly prevalent at baseline (41% and 34%), HIV baseline seroprevalence was 4.2% and 1.5%, and high levels of willingness were seen (83% and 78%). Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Life cycle assessment of an intensive sewage treatment plant in Barcelona (Spain) with focus on energy aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo, L; Ferrer, I

    2011-01-01

    Life Cycle Assessment was used to evaluate environmental impacts associated to a full-scale wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Barcelona Metropolitan Area, with a treatment capacity of 2 million population equivalent, focussing on energy aspects and resources consumption. The wastewater line includes conventional pre-treatment, primary settler, activated sludge with nitrogen removal, and tertiary treatment; and the sludge line consists of thickening, anaerobic digestion, cogeneration, dewatering and thermal drying. Real site data were preferably included in the inventory. Environmental impacts of the resulting impact categories were determined by the CLM 2 baseline method. According to the results, the combustion of natural gas in the cogeneration engine is responsible for the main impact on Climate Change and Depletion of Abiotic Resources, while the combustion of biogas in the cogeneration unit accounts for a minor part. The results suggest that the environmental performance of the WWTP would be enhanced by increasing biogas production through improved anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge.

  10. The collection of type specimens of the family Carabidae (Coleoptera deposited in the Natural History Museum of Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viñolas, A.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The type collection of the family Carabidae (Coleoptera deposited in the Natural History Museum of Barcelona, Spain, has been organised, revised and documented. It contains 430 type specimens belonging to 155 different taxa. Of note are the large number of hypogean species, the species of Cicindelidae from Asenci Codina’s collection, and the species of Harpalinae extracted from Jacques Nègre’s collection. In this paper we provide all the available information related to these type specimens. We therefore provide the following information for each taxon, species or subspecies: the original and current taxonomic status, original citation of type materials, exact transcription of original labels, and preservation condition of specimens. Moreover, the differences between original descriptions and labels are discussed. When a taxonomic change has occurred, the references that examine those changes are included at the end of the taxa description.

  11. Update on fertility preservation from the Barcelona International Society for Fertility Preservation-ESHRE-ASRM 2015 expert meeting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez, Francisca; Yding Andersen, Claus

    2017-01-01

    STUDY QUESTION: What progress has been made in fertility preservation (FP) over the last decade? SUMMARY ANSWER: FP techniques have been widely adopted over the last decade and therefore the establishment of international registries on their short- and long-term outcomes is strongly recommended...... on the need to provide counselling about currently available FP options to all individuals wishing to preserve their fertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An international meeting with representatives from expert scientific societies involved in FP was held in Barcelona, Spain, in June 2015. PARTICIPANTS...... treatment, and need an adequate FP approach. Women wishing to postpone maternity and transgender individuals before starting hormone therapy or undergoing surgery to remove/alter their reproductive organs should also be counselled accordingly. Embryo and oocyte cryopreservation are first-line FP methods...

  12. Development of spatial density maps based on geoprocessing web services: application to tuberculosis incidence in Barcelona, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Health professionals and authorities strive to cope with heterogeneous data, services, and statistical models to support decision making on public health. Sophisticated analysis and distributed processing capabilities over geocoded epidemiological data are seen as driving factors to speed up control and decision making in these health risk situations. In this context, recent Web technologies and standards-based web services deployed on geospatial information infrastructures have rapidly become an efficient way to access, share, process, and visualize geocoded health-related information. Methods Data used on this study is based on Tuberculosis (TB) cases registered in Barcelona city during 2009. Residential addresses are geocoded and loaded into a spatial database that acts as a backend database. The web-based application architecture and geoprocessing web services are designed according to the Representational State Transfer (REST) principles. These web processing services produce spatial density maps against the backend database. Results The results are focused on the use of the proposed web-based application to the analysis of TB cases in Barcelona. The application produces spatial density maps to ease the monitoring and decision making process by health professionals. We also include a discussion of how spatial density maps may be useful for health practitioners in such contexts. Conclusions In this paper, we developed web-based client application and a set of geoprocessing web services to support specific health-spatial requirements. Spatial density maps of TB incidence were generated to help health professionals in analysis and decision-making tasks. The combined use of geographic information tools, map viewers, and geoprocessing services leads to interesting possibilities in handling health data in a spatial manner. In particular, the use of spatial density maps has been effective to identify the most affected areas and its spatial impact. This

  13. [Barcelona Test for Intellectual Disability: a new instrument for the neuropsychological assessment of adults with intellectual disability].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteba-Castillo, S; Pena-Casanova, J; Garcia-Alba, J; Castellanos, M A; Torrents-Rodas, D; Rodriguez, E; Deus-Yela, J; Caixas, A; Novell-Alsina, R

    2017-05-16

    Neuropsychological assessment in individuals with intellectual disability is of utmost importance in order to determine the cognitive deficits underlying brain dysfunction and limiting intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. However, no neuropsychological batteries in Spanish language have been created and validated for this population. To adapt the 'programa integrado de exploracion neuropsicologica-test Barcelona' and to validate the new version, the Barcelona Test for Intellectual Disability (TB-DI). To create normative data for its clinical use. The original test was modified based on data from a pilot sample of 65 individuals with intellectual disability. In order to study the psychometric properties of the TB-DI, it was administered to a sample of 170 individuals with intellectual disability and to a group of 60 individuals without it. The relevant variables for stratification of normative data were determined by means of regression models. The TB-DI was finally composed by 67 subtests grouped in eight cognitive domains and it showed good psychometric properties. Normative data were created for five groups taking into account intellectual disability level, age and acquired curricular competence. These data were organized in percentiles in a way that allows the creation of cognitive profiles in the clinical and experimental fields. The TB-DI constitutes a tool of high applicability in the population with intellectual disability. It shows adequate validity and reliability, and it has good psychometric properties. The cognitive profiles obtained by the TB-DI will provide valuable information for the treatment of adult adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability.

  14. Development of spatial density maps based on geoprocessing web services: application to tuberculosis incidence in Barcelona, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominkovics, Pau; Granell, Carlos; Pérez-Navarro, Antoni; Casals, Martí; Orcau, Angels; Caylà, Joan A

    2011-11-29

    Health professionals and authorities strive to cope with heterogeneous data, services, and statistical models to support decision making on public health. Sophisticated analysis and distributed processing capabilities over geocoded epidemiological data are seen as driving factors to speed up control and decision making in these health risk situations. In this context, recent Web technologies and standards-based web services deployed on geospatial information infrastructures have rapidly become an efficient way to access, share, process, and visualize geocoded health-related information. Data used on this study is based on Tuberculosis (TB) cases registered in Barcelona city during 2009. Residential addresses are geocoded and loaded into a spatial database that acts as a backend database. The web-based application architecture and geoprocessing web services are designed according to the Representational State Transfer (REST) principles. These web processing services produce spatial density maps against the backend database. The results are focused on the use of the proposed web-based application to the analysis of TB cases in Barcelona. The application produces spatial density maps to ease the monitoring and decision making process by health professionals. We also include a discussion of how spatial density maps may be useful for health practitioners in such contexts. In this paper, we developed web-based client application and a set of geoprocessing web services to support specific health-spatial requirements. Spatial density maps of TB incidence were generated to help health professionals in analysis and decision-making tasks. The combined use of geographic information tools, map viewers, and geoprocessing services leads to interesting possibilities in handling health data in a spatial manner. In particular, the use of spatial density maps has been effective to identify the most affected areas and its spatial impact. This study is an attempt to demonstrate how web

  15. Health-related quality of life inequalities by sexual orientation: Results from the Barcelona Health Interview Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti-Pastor, Marc; Perez, Gloria; German, Danielle; Pont, Angels; Garin, Olatz; Alonso, Jordi; Gotsens, Mercè; Ferrer, Montse

    2018-01-01

    Studies on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) inequalities according to sexual orientation are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess HRQoL inequalities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people and heterosexuals in the 2011 Barcelona population, to describe the extent to which sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and chronic conditions could explain such inequalities, and to understand if they are sexual orientation inequities. In the 2011 Barcelona Health Interview Survey 3277 adults answered the EQ-5D, which measures five dimensions of HRQoL summarized into a single utility index (1 = perfect health, 0 = death). To assess HRQoL differences by sexual orientation we constructed Tobit models for the EQ-5D index, and Poisson regression models for the EQ-5D dimensions. In both cases, nested models were constructed to assess the mediator role of selected variables. After adjusting by socio-demographic variables, the LGB group presented a significantly lower EQ-5D index than heterosexuals, and higher prevalence ratios of problems in physical EQ-5D dimensions among both genders: adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) = 1.70 for mobility (p = 0.046) and 2.11 for usual activities (p = 0.019). Differences in mental dimensions were only observed among men: aPR = 3.15 for pain/discomfort (p = 0.003) and 2.49 for anxiety/depression (p = 0.030). All these differences by sexual orientation disappeared after adding chronic conditions and health-related behaviors in the models. The LGB population presented worse HRQoL than heterosexuals in the EQ-5D index and most dimensions. Chronic conditions, health-related behaviors and gender play a major role in explaining HRQoL differences by sexual orientation. These findings support the need of including sexual orientation into the global agenda of health inequities.

  16. Field evidence of social influence in the expression of political preferences: the case of secessionists flags in Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parravano, Antonio; Noguera, José A; Hermida, Paula; Tena-Sánchez, Jordi

    2015-01-01

    Models of social influence have explored the dynamics of social contagion, imitation, and diffusion of different types of traits, opinions, and conducts. However, few behavioral data indicating social influence dynamics have been obtained from direct observation in "natural" social contexts. The present research provides that kind of evidence in the case of the public expression of political preferences in the city of Barcelona, where thousands of citizens supporting the secession of Catalonia from Spain have placed a Catalan flag in their balconies and windows. Here we present two different studies. 1) During July 2013 we registered the number of flags in 26% of the electoral districts in the city of Barcelona. We find that there is a large dispersion in the density of flags in districts with similar density of pro-independence voters. However, by comparing the moving average to the global mean we find that the density of flags tends to be fostered in electoral districts where there is a clear majority of pro-independence vote, while it is inhibited in the opposite cases. We also show that the distribution of flags in the observed districts deviates significantly from that of an equivalent random distribution. 2) During 17 days around Catalonia's 2013 national holiday we observed the position at balcony resolution of the flags displayed in the facades of a sub-sample of 82 blocks. We compare the 'clustering index' of flags on the facades observed each day to thousands of equivalent random distributions. Again we provide evidence that successive hangings of flags are not independent events but that a local influence mechanism is favoring their clustering. We also find that except for the national holiday day the density of flags tends to be fostered in facades located in electoral districts where there is a clear majority of pro-independence vote.

  17. Epidemiological characteristics and predictors of late presentation of HIV infection in Barcelona (Spain during the period 2001-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guelar Ana

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Early diagnosis of HIV infection can prevent morbidity and mortality as well as reduce HIV transmission. The aim of the present study was to assess prevalence, describe trends and identify factors associated with late presentation of HIV infection in Barcelona (Spain during the period 2001-09. Methods Demographic and epidemiological characteristics of cases reported to the Barcelona HIV surveillance system were analysed. Late presentation was defined for individuals with a CD4 count below 350 cells/ml upon HIV diagnosis or diagnosis of AIDS within 3 months of HIV diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression were used to identify predictors of late presentation. Results Of the 2,938 newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals, 2,507 (85,3% had either a CD4 cell count or an AIDS diagnosis available. A total of 1,139 (55.6% of the 2,507 studied cases over these nine years were late presenters varying from 48% among men who have sex with men to 70% among heterosexual men. The proportion of late presentation was 62.7% in 2001-2003, 51.9% in 2004-2005, 52.6% in 2006-2007 and 52.1% in 2008-2009. A decrease over time only was observed between 2001-2003 and 2004-2005 (p = 0.001 but remained constant thereafter (p = 0.9. Independent risk factors for late presentation were older age at diagnosis (p Conclusion Late presentation of HIV is still too frequent in all transmission groups in spite of a strong commitment with HIV prevention in our city. It is necessary to develop interventions that increase HIV testing and facilitate earlier entry into HIV care.

  18. Health-related quality of life inequalities by sexual orientation: Results from the Barcelona Health Interview Survey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Marti-Pastor

    Full Text Available Studies on health-related quality of life (HRQoL inequalities according to sexual orientation are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess HRQoL inequalities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB people and heterosexuals in the 2011 Barcelona population, to describe the extent to which sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and chronic conditions could explain such inequalities, and to understand if they are sexual orientation inequities.In the 2011 Barcelona Health Interview Survey 3277 adults answered the EQ-5D, which measures five dimensions of HRQoL summarized into a single utility index (1 = perfect health, 0 = death. To assess HRQoL differences by sexual orientation we constructed Tobit models for the EQ-5D index, and Poisson regression models for the EQ-5D dimensions. In both cases, nested models were constructed to assess the mediator role of selected variables.After adjusting by socio-demographic variables, the LGB group presented a significantly lower EQ-5D index than heterosexuals, and higher prevalence ratios of problems in physical EQ-5D dimensions among both genders: adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR = 1.70 for mobility (p = 0.046 and 2.11 for usual activities (p = 0.019. Differences in mental dimensions were only observed among men: aPR = 3.15 for pain/discomfort (p = 0.003 and 2.49 for anxiety/depression (p = 0.030. All these differences by sexual orientation disappeared after adding chronic conditions and health-related behaviors in the models.The LGB population presented worse HRQoL than heterosexuals in the EQ-5D index and most dimensions. Chronic conditions, health-related behaviors and gender play a major role in explaining HRQoL differences by sexual orientation. These findings support the need of including sexual orientation into the global agenda of health inequities.

  19. Estructura metálica del edificio social de la Mutua General de Seguros Barcelona – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Busquets, Xavier

    1977-10-01

    Full Text Available This describes the solution adopted for the Mutua General de Seguros structure on the Diagonal in Barcelona. The building consists of six general basements and two elevated wings, one of thirteen stories and another of four, joined together on the third and second floors. The problems which had to be overcome were various in nature: from anchoring the concrete blocks in the underground floors to achieving maximum clear space —there are no intermediate supports on the office floors— this was achieved satisfactorily, on the higher floors by means of large span porticos, made up of two well-defined parts (the ground floor portico and the upper floor assembly], from both a structural and esthetic point of view.Se describe la solución adoptada para estructura de la Mutua General de Seguros, en la Diagonal de Barcelona. El edificio se compone de seis sótanos generales y dos bloques elevados, uno de trece plantas y otro de cuatro, debidamente enlazados por la segunda y tercera. Los problemas planteados fueron de muy diversa índole: desde la sujeción de las pantallas de hormigón de las plantas enterradas, hasta la consecución de la máxima diafanidad —en todas las plantas de oficinas no existen soportes intermedios— en las plantas altas a base de pórticos de gran luz, compuestos de dos partes bien definidas (el pórtico de planta baja y el conjunto de las superiores y acertadamente resueltos, desde el doble punto de vista estructural y estético.

  20. Estimating the health and economic benefits associated with reducing air pollution in the Barcelona metropolitan area (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Laura; Sunyer, Jordi; Künzli, Nino

    2009-01-01

    To estimate the health and economic benefits that would result from two scenarios of improved air quality in 57 municipalities of the metropolitan area of Barcelona. We used attributable fractions and life tables to quantify the benefits for selected health outcomes, based on published concentration-response functions and economic unit values. The mean weighted concentration of PM(10) for the study population was estimated through concentration surface maps developed by the local government. The annual mean health benefits of reducing the mean PM(10) exposure estimated for the population in the study area (50microg/m(3)) to the annual mean value recommended by the World Health Organization (20microg/m(3)) were estimated to be 3,500 fewer deaths (representing an average increase in life expectancy of 14 months), 1,800 fewer hospitalizations for cardio-respiratory diseases, 5,100 fewer cases of chronic bronchitis among adults, 31,100 fewer cases of acute bronchitis among children, and 54,000 fewer asthma attacks among children and adults. The mean total monetary benefits were estimated to be 6,400 million euros per year. Reducing PM(10) to comply with the current European Union regulatory annual mean level (40microg/m(3)) would yield approximately one third of these benefits. This study shows that reducing air pollution in the metropolitan area of Barcelona would result in substantial health and economic benefits. The benefits are probably underestimated due to the assumptions made in this study. Assessment of the health impact of local air pollution is a useful tool in public health.

  1. L’esperança de vida dels infants de l’hospital de la Santa Creu de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinyoles Vidal, Teresa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available On the premise of high infant mortality in the early medieval period, this paper attempts an approach to life expectancy of children taken in at the Santa Creu hospital in Barcelona, during the first half of the 15th century. One of the functions of the hospital was to host foundlings and ensure their survival and integration into society. To fulfil these functions a set of documents were drafted, although only parts of then survive, providing interesting information on the topic of this paper. We present data on mortality in the various stages of childhood, the incidence of outbreaks of epidemics, the information we have been able to obtain on diseases the remedies, causes of death and infant burials.[ct] Partint de la premissa de la gran mortalitat infantil baixmedieval, aquest treball intenta una aproximació a l’esperança de vida dels infants acollits a l’hospital de la Santa Creu de Barcelona durant la primera meitat del segle XV. Una de les funcions de l’hospital era recollir els expòsits, procurar la seva supervivència i la seva integració a la societat. El compliment d’aquestes funcions va implicar la redacció d’una sèrie de documents que, si bé només s’han conservat en part, ens ofereixen informació molt interessant pel tema d’aquest treball. Presentem dades sobre la mortalitat en les diverses etapes de la infància, la incidència dels brots epidèmics, les notícies que hem pogut obtenir sobre les malalties, els remeis, les causes de la mort i els enterraments infantils.

  2. Evaluation of an intervention to improve the management of allergens in school food services in the city of Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontcuberta-Famadas, M; Serral, G; López, M J; Balfagón, P; García-Cid, E; Caballé-Gavaldà, L

    2018-02-15

    An intervention to promote the development of an allergen control plan (ACP) and preventive measures for the management of allergens in school food services was implemented in all schools of Barcelona city over a three-year period (2013-2015) by the public health services. The present study aimed to assess changes regarding the management of food allergens in school food services in Barcelona after an intervention conducted by the public health services of the city. School meal operators of a random sample of 117 schools were assessed before and after the intervention using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire collected general information on the students and their demand for special menus, and included 17 closed questions regarding the implementation of specific preventive measures for the management of allergens. Based on these 17 questions, a food safety score was calculated for each school. The improvement in these scores was evaluated. The results showed positive increments in the percentage of implementation of 12 of the 17 preventive measures assessed. The percentage of school food services with an implemented ACP increased by 49%. Schools with external and internal food supplies increased their scores by 16.5% and 19.6%, respectively. The greatest improvements were observed in smaller food services and in schools located in districts with low gross household incomes. The intervention was effective in improving school food services' management of allergens and in reducing the differences found among food services in the pre-intervention survey. We must also focus efforts on reducing socio-economic inequalities linked to the management of allergens. Copyright © 2018 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Weathering patinas on the medieval (S. XIV) stained glass windows of the Pedralbes Monastery (Barcelona, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aulinas, Meritxell; Garcia-Valles, Maite; Gimeno, Domingo; Fernandez-Turiel, Jose Luis; Ruggieri, Flavia; Pugès, Montserrat

    2009-06-01

    The first step in the restoration of a medieval stained glass window is the evaluation of its degree of degradation. This implies the study of the chemical composition of the stained glass as well as the new mineral phases developed on its surface (patinas). Patinas are clearly related to glass composition, time, environmental conditions, microenvironments developed in local zones, bioactivity, physical and chemical factors, etc. This study was carried out on patinas developed in selected Na-rich stained glass of the Santa Maria de Pedralbes Monastery (Barcelona, Spain). The location of this monument in the city (about 5 km from the shoreline and close to the Collserola hill flank) helped to determine the environmental conditions in which patinas developed. The aim of our study was to characterize the patinas formed on the surface of the selected glass of this monastery in order to understand the role of the chemical composition of the original glass (Na-rich) as well as the environmental conditions in which they developed. Powdered samples of two different color-type patinas (ochre-orange and brownish) were collected in the external and internal parts of the stained glass windows of the Prebystery and Chapter House of the Pedralbes Monastery by using a precision (odontological) drill. These patinas were subsequently analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). XRD analyses evidenced the presence of sulfates (gypsum and thenardite), calcite, Ca-oxalates (whewellite and weddellite), and quartz forming part of the patinas. Although these mineral phases can be found in both color-type patinas, whewellite and thenardite are more common in the ochre-orange patinas. The results obtained were validated by the FTIR measurements. It has been observed, when thenardite is present, that gypsum occurs as traces. Thenardite is in most of the cases associated with whewellite and mainly occurs in the internal parts of the glass. In

  4. Correlatos psicosociales de la adhesión al tratamiento antirretroviral en el Centro Penitenciario de hombres de Barcelona Psychosocial correlates of the adherence to antirretroviral treatment of men in penitentiary center of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Herraiz

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar la adhesión terapéutica al TARGA de los pacientes reclusos con VIH y su relación con diferentes tipos de variables. Material y Método: Estudio longitudinal, realizado en el Centro Penitenciario de Hombres de Barcelona. Se utilizaron las bases de datos del centro, una entrevista semiestructurada, que valoraba variables sociodemográficas, penales/penitenciarias, clínicas y características del tratamiento, así como cuestionarios sobre creencias y estados emocionales. También se evaluó la adhesión al inicio del estudio, a los tres y a los seis meses. Resultados: Los internos presentaron un bajo apoyo social; un acuerdo medio respecto de los cuidados recibidos por el personal médico y sanitario; consideraron la complejidad del tratamiento como alta y concedieron una moderada relevancia a los efectos secundarios; presentaron un elevado acuerdo respecto a los beneficios que les podían reportar seguir el tratamiento, una percepción moderada sobre la severidad de la enfermedad y manifestaron una elevada autoeficacia en el seguimiento del tratamiento. Respecto a las variables emocionales mostraron una baja tensión, depresión, cólera y fatiga. La adhesión a los antirretrovirales desde el inicio al final del estudio no ha variado a lo largo del estudio. Las variables socio-cognitivas que correlacionaron con la adhesión en los diferentes momentos del estudio son la autoeficacia, los beneficios percibidos, la complejidad del tratamiento y los efectos secundarios. Los estados emocionales que correlacionaban con la adhesión eran la depresión y la fatiga. Discusión: La relación entre autoeficacia y adhesión es un resultado repetido en los estudios sobre la predicción de la adhesión al TARGA. Las relaciones de la fatiga y de la tristeza/depresión con la adhesión son del tipo esperado.Objective: to assess therapeutic adherence to HAART amongst HIV positive inmates and its likely relationship with sets of different

  5. Ressenya a Simbor i Roig, Vicent, Ironies de la Modernitat. La ironia del Modernisme al Noucentisme, Barcelona, Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat, 2016, 280 pp., ISBN: 978-84-9883-811-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Llopis i Alarcon

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Review to Simbor i Roig, Vicent, Ironies de la Modernitat. La ironia del Modernisme al Noucentisme, Barcelona, Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat, 2016, 280 pp., ISBN: 978-84-9883-811-4

  6. El tabaco en los establecimientos de restauración y hostelería: estudio observacional en Barcelona, 2008 Smoking in the hospitality sector: an observational study in Barcelona (Spain, 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan R. Villalbí

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir la situación real del consumo de tabaco en los locales de restauración y hostelería tras la ley de medidas sanitarias frente al tabaquismo, que establece exenciones en este sector a la prohibición general de fumar en el trabajo desde 2006. Métodos Estudio observacional descriptivo en Barcelona en 2008, con muestreo por conglomerados de 1130 establecimientos. Se presentan los resultados estratificados por tipo de establecimiento. Resultados: En el 85,7% de los comercios con degustación (panaderías, pastelerías… y el 85% de los locales de comida rápida se prohíbe fumar. El 40% de los restaurantes son libres de humo u ofrecen zonas separadas. En los bares-cafeterías y cafeterías-restaurantes (locales más abundantes no se suele prohibir fumar. Hay mayor oferta de locales sin humo en los distritos céntricos y centros comerciales. Conclusiones: En un 75,4% de los locales se permite fumar libremente. Estos resultados muestran las limitaciones de la ley.Objectives: To describe the actual presence of smoking in restaurant and hospitality premises after the smoking prevention act banning smoking in workplaces came into force in 2006, with wide exemptions in this sector. Methods: We performed an observational, descriptive study in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain in 2008 based on cluster sampling, with 1130 premises. The results were stratified by premise type. Results: Up to 85.7% of food shops allowing consumption within their premises (bakeries, pastry shops… ban smoking, as well as 85% of fast food establishments. Among restaurants, 40% are smoke-free or have separate smoking areas. Bar-cafés and café-restaurants (the most abundant premises usually allow smoking. There are more smoke-free options in central districts and in shopping malls. Conclusions: Up to 75.4% of all premises allow smoking freely. These results show the limitations of the law.

  7. A mortality study of the last outbreak of yellow fever in Barcelona City (Spain in 1870 Estudio de la mortalidad del último brote de fiebre amarilla en la ciudad de Barcelona (España en 1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Canela Soler

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The last outbreak of yellow fever in the city of Barcelona, Spain, was caused by a ship arriving from Cuba. The objective of this study was to describe and analyze the epidemic of 1870 by using the available mortality data. Methods: The information on 1,235 deaths identified in the parochial registries was analyzed, using statistical and epidemiological procedures for epidemic outbreaks. Results: Mortality due to yellow fever was 549.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. The temporal distribution of the deaths showed two peaks at the end of September and October with the last fatalities occurring in December 1870. The distribution of the fatalities in the city's neighborhoods was unequal. In La Barceloneta, in particular, more fatalities were found in the streets adjacent to the port than in the most remote streets (r=0.83; pObjetivo: El último brote de fiebre amarilla en la ciudad de Barcelona, España, se originó a partir de un barco que venía de Cuba. El objetivo de este estudio es describir y analizar esa epidemia ocurrida en 1870, utilizando los datos disponibles de mortalidad. Métodos: La información de las 1235 defunciones identificadas en los registros parroquiales se ha analizado utilizando los procedimientos estadísticos y epidemiológicos para brotes epidémicos. Resultados: La tasa de mortalidad por fiebre amarilla fue de 549.7 por 100,000 habitantes. La distribución temporal de las muertes tenía dos modas en el final de septiembre y octubre, y los últimos muertos ocurrieron en diciembre de 1870. La distribución de las defunciones según los barrios de la ciudad fue desigual. En La Barceloneta, en particular, hubo mas muertos en las calles adyacentes al puerto que en las más lejanas (r=0,83; p<0,0001. Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra una distribución bimodal de la mortalidad por fiebre amarilla durante el brote, con un impacto alto en hombres adultos, y en el barrio de La Barceloneta.

  8. Revisión histórica de la bibliografía gimnástico-deportiva impresa en Barcelona (s. XIX-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Torrebadella Flix

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un repertorio bibliográfico gimnástico-deportivo de 67 obras impresas en Barcelona entre 1820-1910. El trabajo contiene además un estudio bio-bibliográfico genérico y contextualizado de las obras. La localización de las fuentes documentales tienen como punto de partida los estudios recientes del autor. Con ello se pretende contribuir a la organización de la memoria social y a la divulgación del patrimonio documental histórico de la educación física y el deporte. El análisis crítico y contextual de este repertorio pone de relieve el protagonismo que ejerció Barcelona en la difusión del asociacionismo deportivo y de la emergente literatura que acompañó este proceso.

  9. Responsabilidad y marcas de calidad conferencia pronunciada en Barcelona, el 11 de diciembre de 1974 en el II Congreso Nacional de la Calidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vila, Miguel

    1975-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a reproduction of the lecture held by the author at the 11 National Congress of Quality in Barcelona, Spain, which gives account of concepts, projects, works and plans for the future, and information is given on completed works and the philosophy of a Working Group CIETSID, with the participation of Instituto Eduardo Torroja, CENIM, AECC, of the official organisations, professional colleges, UNESID and manufacturers.Se reproduce aquí la conferencia pronunciada por el autor en el II Congreso Nacional de la Calidad, en Barcelona (España, en la que se exponen conceptos, proyectos, realizaciones y planes para el futuro, representando las inquietudes del sector, y se transmiten las obras concretas y la filosofía de un grupo de trabajo CIETSID, con la participación del Instituto Eduardo Torreja, CENIM, A.E.C.C., de los organismos oficiales, colegios profesionales, UNESID y fabricantes.

  10. Proposta de programa de televisió sobre igualtat de gènere a Barcelona : La balança

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Gómez, Tatiana

    2016-01-01

    En els darrers anys s'ha donat un pas de gegant cap a la igualtat de gènere, però la desigualtat entre homes i dones encara està present en alguns aspectes de la vida de les dones. Per aquesta raó es proposa l'elaboració d'un programa de televisió que mostri els anomenats micromasclismes amb l'objectiu que, tant homes com dones, els identifiquin i hi plantin cara. És una proposta d'un programa centrat en la ciutat de Barcelona i pensat per ser emès a Barcelona Televisió, la televisió local de...

  11. Etude de la qualité bactériologique de l’eau utilisée dans l’industrie agroalimentaire dans le Nord du Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haijoubi, El Houcine; Benyahya, Fatiha; Bendahou, Abdrezzak; Essadqui, Faima Zahra; Behhari, Mohammed El; El Mamoune, Ahmed Fouad; Ghailani, Naima Nourouti; Mechita, Mohcine Bennani; Barakat, Amina

    2017-01-01

    Introduction L'eau est utilisée d'une façon primordiale dans tout le processus de la fabrication des produits alimentaires. Les industries agroalimentaires du Nord du Maroc utilisent différentes sources d'eaux mais l'eau de réseau public et l'eau de puits sont les principales sources d'eau utilisée. Cette eau peut s'avérer la source principale des éventuelles contaminations et altérations des aliments. Notre but est d'évaluer la qualité bactériologique de l'eau utilisée par les industries agroalimentaires dans la région du Nord du Maroc, d'identifier les différents germes responsables de la pollution de ces eaux et de définir les principales causes de cette pollution. Méthodes Des échantillons d'eau prélevés aux robinets ou des puits ont été analysés pour la recherche des germes indicateurs de la pollution (coliformes totaux (CT), coliformes fécaux (CF), entérocoques intestinaux (E), microorganismes revivifiables (MOR), anaérobies sulfitoréducteurs) et les germes pathogènes (Salmonelles, Staphylocoques, Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Le dénombrement des bactéries a été fait par la technique de filtration et par incorporation en milieu solide en surfusion. Résultats Les résultats ont montré que les eaux du réseau public ont été de qualité bactériologique satisfaisante tandis que 40% des eaux des puits ont été non conformes aux normes à cause de la présence des indicateurs de pollution CT, CF, E et MOR. En revanche, les germes pathogènes, en particulier les Salmonelles, ont été absents dans les eaux de tous les puits analysés. Conclusion La pollution de ces puits a été généralement liée au non-respect des conditions de puisage hygiéniques. La qualité bactériologique des eaux de ces puits peut être améliorée par une protection adéquate. PMID:28450992

  12. LES VARIANTES LEXICALES POUR LE MOT ESPADRILLES AU PARANÁ ET DANS LA RÉGION NORD-EST DU BRÉSIL: UNE ETUDE ETHNOLINGUISTIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maranúbia Pereira Barbosa Doiron

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available : Cette étude concerne les variantes lexicales pour le mot espadrilles dans l’Etat du Paraná et dans la région Nord-Est du Brésil, sous un regard ethnolinguistique. Le corpus est composé par les donnés obtenues à partir de la question numéro 276 du Questionnaire Semantique-Lexical de l’Atlas Linguistique du Paraná (ALPR, dont l’auteur est le professeur Vanderci de Andrade Aguilera (1994, de l’Université de l’Etat de Londrina, autant que les variantes lexicales pour le mot espadrilles trouvées dans deux ouvrages littéraires d’auteurs originaires du Nord-Est du Brésil – Fogo Morto, de José Lins do Rego (2009 et Vidas Secas, de Graciliano Ramos (1969. Dans ces livres, les espadrilles jouent un rôle fondamental, tout en reflétant son importance dans le vestiaire de cette région, du moins jusqu’à moitié du XXème siècle. On rechercha des éventuelles ressemblances ou différences existentes entre les variantes lexicales de la chaussure mentionnée par les informateurs “paranaenses” et le modèle cité dans les ouvrages des écrivains Rego et Ramos. Dans les deuxs sources – la linguistique et la littéraire – on privilégia l’analyse semantique des unités lexicales et le contexte dans lequel elles ont été enregistrées. L’étude démontra que l’unité lexicale espadrilles et ses variantes phonétiques similaires dans les deux corpora, aussi que les variantes lexicales populaires présentes dans l’Atlas Linguistique du Paraná (ALPR. En dépit des simitudes l’esthétique et la fonction des espadrilles ne sont pas les mêmes dans les localitées concernées.

  13. LES VARIANTES LEXICALES POUR LE MOT ESPADRILLES AU PARANÁ ET DANS LA RÉGION NORD-EST DU BRÉSIL: UNE ETUDE ETHNOLINGUISTIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderci de Andrade AGUILERA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude concerne les variantes lexicales pour le mot espadrilles dans l’Etat du Paraná et dans la région Nord-Est du Brésil, sous un regard ethnolinguistique. Le corpus est composé par les donnés obtenues à partir de la question numéro 276 du Questionnaire Semantique-Lexical de l’Atlas Linguistique du Paraná (ALPR, dont l’auteur est le professeur Vanderci de Andrade Aguilera (1994, de l’Université de l’Etat de Londrina, autant que les variantes lexicales pour le mot espadrilles trouvées dans deux ouvrages littéraires d’auteurs originaires du Nord-Est du Brésil – Fogo Morto, de José Lins do Rego (2009 et Vidas Secas, de Graciliano Ramos (1969. Dans ces livres, les espadrilles jouent un rôle fondamental, tout en reflétant son importance dans le vestiaire de cette région, du moins jusqu’à moitié du XXème siècle. On rechercha des éventuelles ressemblances ou différences existentes entre les variantes lexicales de la chaussure mentionnée par les informateurs “paranaenses” et le modèle cité dans les ouvrages des écrivains Rego et Ramos. Dans les deuxs sources – la linguistique et la littéraire – on privilégia l’analyse semantique des unités lexicales et le contexte dans lequel elles ont été enregistrées. L’étude démontra que l’unité lexicale espadrilles et ses variantes phonétiques similaires dans les deux corpora, aussi que les variantes lexicales populaires présentes dans l’Atlas Linguistique du Paraná (ALPR. En dépit des simitudes l’esthétique et la fonction des espadrilles ne sont pas les mêmes dans les localitées concernées.

  14. Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality over a twenty-two-year period in the city of Barcelona (Spain) [Veintidós años de evolución de las desigualdades socioeconómicas en la mortalidad en la ciudad de Barcelona

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Dalmau-Bueno (Albert); A. García-Altés (Anna); M. Mardí-Dell'Olmo; K. Pérez (Katherine); A.E. Kunst (Anton); C. Borrell (Carme)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To analyze the trend in socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality in Barcelona from 1983 to 2004. Methods: We performed an ecological study of trends over 4 cross-sections (1983-1988, 1989-1994, 1995-1999 and 2000-2004), with the basic health area (BHA) as the unit of

  15. Marketing promocional de los servicios digitales y de los recursos de información de las bibliotecas y unidades del CRAI de la Universidad de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Coll, Josep; Magdaleno, Isabel; Miró, Laura

    2007-01-01

    The main focus of the Marketing Group of the The Resource Center for Learning and Research (CRAI) of the University of Barcelona (UB) is to promote the services and resources of our libraries and units and to improve the use of the Digital Library. In this conference poster, the group explains how they work and show some samples of products used in different marketing campaigns.

  16. Les Polítiques Inmigratòries de la Unió Europea i el Procès de Barcelona.

    OpenAIRE

    Olivé Elias, Maria

    2007-01-01

    It would be necessary to question which aspects of the Barcelona Process are identified as the weakest and therefore need to be proposed a solution for improvement. Below, some appreciations are made with respect to all the EuroMediterranean Process, that must be taken into account when analyzed from a political or juridical point of view, and which are sometimes misregarded. Moreover, this research includes some general, political and juridical proposals, which have been elaborated in order ...

  17. La difusión de la teoría evolucionista de Lamarck en la revista La Abeja (1862-1870) de Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Camós Cabeceran, Agustí

    1997-01-01

    Between 1862 and 1864 Lamarck's works were diffused in Spain through a magazine called La Abeja which was edited by Antoni Bergnes de las Casas, and published in Barcelona. This may reveal a more important influence of Lamarck's theory on the introduction of evolutionary theories in Spain. La Abeja includes the translation of the Histoire naturelle des végétaux where Lamarck incorporated an early explanation of his theory of evolution; and a series of anonymous articles about the reproduction...

  18. Estratigrafía y dataciones C14 del yacimiento de la «Cova del Frare» de St. Llorenç del Munt (Matadepera, Barcelona)

    OpenAIRE

    Martín, Araceli; Guilaine, Jean; Thommeret, Yolande

    2009-01-01

    La «Cova del Frare» se encuentra en la montaña de St. Llorenç del Munt a 960 m. de altitud. Pertenece al término municipal de Matadepera (Barcelona) y a la comarca del Valles Occidental. Su longitud, respecto al meridiano de Greenwich, es de 2º 01' 06" y su latitud, de 41° 38' 15".

  19. Estratigrafía y dataciones C14 del yacimiento de la «Cova del Frare» de St. Llorenç del Munt (Matadepera, Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli MARTÍN

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La «Cova del Frare» se encuentra en la montaña de St. Llorenç del Munt a 960 m. de altitud. Pertenece al término municipal de Matadepera (Barcelona y a la comarca del Valles Occidental. Su longitud, respecto al meridiano de Greenwich, es de 2º 01' 06" y su latitud, de 41° 38' 15".

  20. René Metras, un hombre de nuestro tiempo. Galeria René Metras y la vanguardia estética en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª del Carmen Briones Brú

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es reconocer y poner de relieve la figura, no siempre reconocida en los medios artísticos actuales de un hombre, René Metras. Vinculado desde los años cuarenta a movimientos artísticos catalanes de posguerra, participó con los intelectuales y jóvenes artistas catalanes, con su esfuerzo, ímpetu y dedicación personal, siendo una figura muy significativa en los primeros momentos de las vanguardias del arte español de los años 50 y 60. En octubre de 1962 abre las puertas de la galería que lleva su nombre, en la calle Consejo de Ciento, 331 de Barcelona alentado por la idea de mostrar al público barcelonés un arte distinto e innovador al que se mostraba en la mayoría de las galerías de arte. Pionero en mostrar lo que pasaba fuera de nuestro país, desde su inauguración apostó por las vanguardias europeas y, en sus salas, pudo verse por primera vez a los grandes artistas del siglo XX; promovió, fiel a su ideario, a jóvenes y relevantes artistas catalanes y del resto de la Península, defendiendo con pureza y rigor el arte abstracto e informalista. René Metras no sólo abrió sus puertas a Barcelona, también abrió Barcelona al mundo artístico internacional, siendo su galería un referente mundial de la vanguardia estética de Barcelona.

  1. Observatorio Barça 2010. La Campaña a la Presodencia del FC Barcelona en prensa deportiva y las redes sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Ginesta Portet, Xavier; Gómez, Mariela; Serrat Manén, Jordi

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: The objective of this article is analyzing the coverage of the FC Barcelona (Barça) presidential elections (June, 2010) in the mainstream Catalan sport press (Sport, Mundo Deportivo, El 9 Esportiu and Gol). Sandro Rosell was the winner of these elections. The research compares the press coverage with the information published in the social media (Twitter and Facebook) used by different candidates in order to understand how these social media could influence to reinforce ...

  2. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal pain among postgraduate students and faculty members of the School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona (Spain). A cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Harutunian, Karmen; Gargallo Albiol, Jordi; Barbosa de Figueiredo, Rui Pedro; Gay Escoda, Cosme

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the intensity and location of musculoskeletal pain suffered by students and professors from different postgraduate programs of the School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona (Spain), to identify the variables related to the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms and signs, and to establish possible preventive measures for such disorders. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was made among students and faculty members from different postgraduate course...

  3. FACTORES ASOCIADOS AL SOBREPESO Y LA OBESIDAD EN ESCOLARES DE 8 A 9 AÑOS DE BARCELONA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Sánchez-Martínez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El sobrepeso y la obesidad infantil han aumentado progresivamente en las últimas décadas, especialmente en países del sur de Europa. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar la prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad y sus determinantes en escolares de 8-9 años de Barcelona. Métodos: Estudio transversal descriptivo de una muestra representativa de 3.262 escolares en 2011. Se calculó el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC siguiendo los criterios establecidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (z-scores. Se estudiaron variables sobre conducta alimentaria, actividad física y uso de nuevas tecnologías mediante 2 cuestionarios. Se ajustaron modelos de regresión logística, obteniendo odds ratio ajustadas e intervalos de confianza (95%. Resultados: La prevalencia de sobrepeso fue del 24,0% y de obesidad del 12,7%. La obesidad fue significativamente mayor en niños que en niñas (14,8% vs. 10,8%. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas según IMC en el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de práctica de actividad física ni uso de nuevas tecnologías. Los factores asociados a la obesidad en niños fueron asistir a escuela situada en barrios de nivel socioeconómico desfavorable [ORa=1,88 (1,35-2,63], pertenecer a familia inmigrante [ORa=1,57 (1,12- 2,20], no comer en el colegio [ORa=1,76 (1,20-2,59] y hacer alguna comida solo [ORa=1,95 (1,27-3,00]. En niñas fueron pertenecer a familia monoparental [ORa=1,58 (1,06-2,34] y familia inmigrante [ORa=1,53 (1,07-2,18]. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de obesidad infantil en Barcelona es alta. Es más frecuente en niños, siendo los determinantes sociales los factores asociados de mayor relevancia.

  4. Il vaso e i cocci. Note in margine a La llegenda del llibreter assassí de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco de Cristofaro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo discute alcune questioni legate, in modo più o meno tangenziale, a La llegenda del llibreter assassí de Barcelona: dopo aver sottoposto il libro di Ramon Miquel i Planas alle domande, di metodo e di merito, presenti in un affine e più recente “giallo filologico” (il saggio di Alberto Varvaro sulla vicenda della baronessa di Carini, e dopo essersi interrogato circa il filone paraletterario delle cosiddette “Cause celebri” e circa una declinazione naturalista e straniante della letteratura processuale (il dittico di Galdós Realidad-Incógnita, il discorso si sposta su di un aspetto più prettamente storico-culturale e tematico quale l’intreccio fra bibliomania e cleptomania (soprattutto in Flaubert. L’articolo si conclude con una rapida ricognizione dei plagi letterari realizzati da Nodier, il presunto colpevole del falso da cui si diparte tutta la genealogia indagata da Miquel i Planas: un colpevole che, proprio mentre si macchia di molteplici crimini letterari, dedica loro un sofisticato trattato giurisprudenziale, in cui sistematizza e stigmatizza quegli stessi crimini This essay seeks to investigate tangentially some questions regarding La llegenda del llibreter assassí de Barcelona: after having analyzed the approaches, methods and strategies –that Alberto Varvaro has thoroughly examined in the essay on Baroness di Carini’s story–, and the literary quality achieved by Ramon Miquel i Planas in his work; and after having probed the paraliterary line of the so-called “famous trials” –mostly focusing on the naturalistic estrangement effect produced by literature works related to legal cases (e.g. the conventional diptych in Galdós’s Realidad-Incógnita–, the centre of attention shifts on the cultural, historical aspects of the bizarre relationship between kleptomania and bibliomania (especially in Flaubert. The article concludes with a swift overview of literary plagiarisms committed by Nodier, the

  5. Seawater intrusion barrier and artificial recharge in the deltaic Llobregat aquifer (Barcelona, Spain); La barrera hidraulica contra la intrusion marina y la recarga artificial en el acuifero del Llobregat (Barcelona, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortuno Gobern, F.; Ninerola Pla, J. M.; Armenter Ferrando, J. L.; Molinero Huguet, J.

    2009-07-01

    The main aquifer of the Llobregat Delta (Barcelona, Spain) is affected by seawater intrusion processes since 1970. The Catalan Water Agency is currently promoting several actions of enhanced aquifer recharge, including the construction of a positive hydraulic barrier in order to stop the advance of the seawater intrusion. Such a positive hydraulic barrier works by injecting reclaimed water in 14 wells. This is the first time that a project of this type is performed in Spain, and it is also pioneer in Europe. The positive hydraulic barrier produces the rise of the groundwater head near the coast and avoids seawater penetration inland. The injected reclaimed water comes from the WWTP of the Baix Llobregat after passing through several treatments (ultrafiltration, osmosis and disinfection). The pilot phase of the project has been working during the last 2 years, showing highly positive results. Substantial improvement of the groundwater quality has been observed in wells surrounding the injection points and no clogging has been appeared. The second phase of the project is currently under construction. (Author) 13 refs.

  6. EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the 7th International LISA Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, 16-20 June 2008 Proceedings of the 7th International LISA Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, 16-20 June 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo, Alberto; Sopuerta, Carlos F.

    2009-05-01

    In June 2006 the LISA International Science Team (LIST) accepted the bid presented by the Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC) to host the 7th International LISA Symposium. This was during its 11th meeting at the University of Maryland, just before the 6th edition of the symposium started at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. The 7th International LISA Symposium took place in the city of Barcelona, Spain, 16-20 June, 2008, in the premises of CosmoCaixa, a modern science museum located in the hills near Tibidabo. Almost 240 delegates registered for the event, a record breaking figure compared to previous editions of the symposium. Many of the most renowned world experts in LISA, gravitational wave science, and astronomy, as well as engineers, attended LISA #7 and produced state of the art presentations, while everybody benefited from the opportunity to have live discussions during the week in a friendly environment. The programme included 31 invited plenary lectures in the mornings, and eight parallel sessions in the afternoons. These were classified into seven major areas of research: LISA Technology, LISA PathFinder, LISA PathFinder Data Analysis, LISA Data Analysis, Gravitational Wave Sources, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics with LISA and Other Gravitational Wave Detectors. Abstracts for 138 communications were received, from which a selection was made by the session convenors which would fit time constraints. Up to 63 posters completed the scientific programme. More details on the programme, including some of the talks, can be found at the symposium website:http://www.ice.cat/research/LISA_Symposium. There was, however, a remarkable add-on: Professor Clifford Will delivered a startling presentation to the general public, who completely filled the Auditori—the main conference room, 320 seats—and were invited to ask questions to the speaker who boldly guided them through the daunting world of Black Holes, Waves of Gravity, and other Warped Ideas

  7. Perfil de la casuística hospitalaria de la población inmigrante en Barcelona Profile of the hospital case mix of the immigrant population in Barcelona, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Cots

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: A pesar de que en los últimos 5 años la población inmigrante se ha triplicado en ciudades como Barcelona, hasta el momento no se ha evaluado de forma rigurosa el impacto de este colectivo en el sistema sanitario. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido comparar el perfil de la hospitalización de la población inmigrante con la autóctona, desde el punto de vista de la casuística, gravedad, características demográficas y consumo de estancias. Material y métodos: Se han analizado las 15.057 altas del Hospital del Mar de Barcelona en el año 2000. Este hospital asiste el 60% de los ingresos hospitalarios del distrito de Ciutat Vella, distrito que presentaba en el año 2000 un porcentaje de inmigrantes residentes del 21%. Se han comparado las características sociodemográficas y de casuística de los pacientes en razón de ser o no inmigrantes. También se ha comparado el consumo de recursos hospitalarios teniendo en cuenta la edad, la casuística (grupos relacionados por el diagnóstico y la gravedad (severidad, complicaciones y comorbilidades de la patología atendida. Resultados: La población inmigrante ha presentado una casuística distinta de la autóctona por la marcada diferencia en la edad y por su mayor tasa de fecundidad. El 33% de los ingresos de inmigrantes han sido partos. El coste medio de las altas de inmigrantes de países de renta baja valorado en consumo de estancias hospitalarias, ha sido un 30% menor que el del resto de las altas. Una vez ajustadas la edad, la casuística y la severidad, el consumo de estancias hospitalarias en la población inmigrante ha sido significativamente menor. La diferencia se ha cifrado en un 5% cuando sólo se ha ajustado por patología y en un 10% cuando han sido considerados todos los factores. Conclusiones: Las diferencias en la casuística vienen marcadas por la edad y por las diferencias socioculturales. La pirámide de edad de la población hospitalaria inmigrante recompone

  8. Quelques conséquences de l'introduction de deux espèces de macrophytes, Elodea canadensis Michaux et Elodea nuttallii St. John, dans les écosystèmes aquatiques continentaux : exemple de la plaine d'Alsace et des Vosges du Nord (Nord-Est de la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THIEBAUT G.

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available L'introduction au XIXème et XXème siècle, de deux espèces d'élodées Elodea canadensis Michaux et Elodea nuttallii St. John, dans les cours d'eau du nord-est de la France, a induit des modifications dans la composition floristique et le fonctionnement des écosystèmes aquatiques. L'analyse comparative de la distribution géographique de ces deux hydrophytes dans les eaux calcaires (plaine d'Alsace et acides (Vosges du Nord a permis de préciser leur écologie. Après des phases successives d'expansion des deux espèces, celles-ci se sont intégrées dans les phytocénoses aquatiques. L'introduction dans les écosystèmes aquatiques d'Elodea canadensis et d'E. nuttallii a induit des phénomènes de compétition interspécifique, en faveur essentiellement d'Elodea nuttallii. Cette dernière apparaît comme l'espèce la plus compétitive dans les cours d'eau eutrophes de la plaine d'Alsace (aptitude à accumuler le phosphore, sensibilité moindre à l'azote ammoniacal. Les élodées peuvent réaliser une épuration biologique, mais provoquent, lors de leur décomposition, une eutrophisation secondaire des eaux en absence de faucardage.

  9. Non-random mating and convergence over time for alcohol consumption, smoking, and exercise: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ask, Helga; Rognmo, Kamilla; Torvik, Fartein Ask; Røysamb, Espen; Tambs, Kristian

    2012-05-01

    Spouses tend to have similar lifestyles. We explored the degree to which spouse similarity in alcohol use, smoking, and physical exercise is caused by non-random mating or convergence. We used data collected for the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study from 1984 to 1986 and prospective registry information about when and with whom people entered marriage/cohabitation between 1970 and 2000. Our sample included 19,599 married/cohabitating couples and 1,551 future couples that were to marry/cohabitate in the 14-16 years following data collection. All couples were grouped according to the duration between data collection and entering into marriage/cohabitation. Age-adjusted polychoric spouse correlations were used as the dependent variables in non-linear segmented regression analysis; the independent variable was time. The results indicate that spouse concordance in lifestyle is due to both non-random mating and convergence. Non-random mating appeared to be strongest for smoking. Convergence in alcohol use and smoking was evident during the period prior to marriage/cohabitation, whereas convergence in exercise was evident throughout life. Reduced spouse similarity in smoking with relationship duration may reflect secular trends.

  10. The relationship between health promoting resources and work participation in a sample reporting musculoskeletal pain from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, HUNT 3, Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is one of the most frequent causes of sick leave from work, and is a common and potentially disabling condition. This study is based on the salutogenic perspective and investigates the relationship between personal, social, and functional health resources and work participation in a population reporting MSP. Method Analysis was performed on cross sectional data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, HUNT 3, in Norway. The sample of n= 6702 was extracted from HUNT 3, including a total of N= 50807 participants. Self-reported health (SRH) and, personal, social, and functional resources were assessed by a questionnaire. Reported sick leave was collected by interview at the point of time when the data were collected, from October 2006 until June 2008. Results Logistic regression analysis demonstrated statistically significant differences between the work group and sick leave group in self-rated health, work support, work control, work load, and feeling strong, and the model predicted 68% of the cases correctly. Females had a lower statistically significant probability (B= −.53) to be in the work group then men when suffering from MSP, with odds of 41%. Conclusion There was a statistically significant relationship between health promoting resources such as SRH, feeling strong, absence of neuroticism, work load, work control, and work participation in MSP population. PMID:23509959

  11. Energies of the future in Nord-Pas de Calais. Which solutions to climate disruption - Global Report version 1.0, january 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    This study aims at identifying means to be implemented in the Nord-Pas de Calais region to divide by four regional emissions of CO 2 , and to do it without the renewal of nuclear reactors located in Gravelines. A first part presents the methods used for this study, the hypotheses selected to elaborate scenarios, the presentation, results and comparison of various scenarios, and an assessment of energy imports. The second part addresses the different renewable energy resources of the region and their potential to reach the expected results. The third part reports the study of the evolution of transport organisation by 2050: pollutions related to transports, regional costs of these pollutions, dysfunctions and possible actions in the competition between transports modes (road, rail, river, sea, air). A chapter then addresses the issue of the relationship between urban planning and mobility. The next chapter discusses the possibilities of action in the building sector (housing and office building, policies to be implemented to comply with the chosen scenario). The possibilities of solar energy are then discussed

  12. Rb-Sr dating of strain-induced mineral growth in two ductile shear zones in the western gneiss region of Nord-Troendelag, Central Norway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piasecki, M.A.; Cliff, R.A.

    1988-01-01

    In the Bjugn district of the northern part of the Western Gneiss Region, Nord-Troendelag, a basement gneiss-cover nappe boundary is marked by a thick zone of ductile shearing. In this zone a layer-parallel mylonitic fabric with related new mineral growth overprints and retrogresses a previous fabric associated with a granulite facies mineral assemblage. Related minor shear belts contain abundant new minerals and vein systems, including pegmatites, believed to represent strain-induced products formed at the time of the shearing movements. Central parts of two large muscovite books from such a pegmatite yielded Rb-Sr, Early to Middle Devonian ages of 389±6 Ma and 386±6 Ma, interpreted as indicating the approximate time of pegmatite formation and of the shearing. Small, matrix-size muscovite and biotite grains from the host mylonite gave ages of 378±6 Ma and 365±5 Ma, respectively, supposed to relate to post-shearing uplift and cooling

  13. Food as a linking device among the Guidar of North Cameroon La nourriture comme lien entre Guidar du nord-Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forka Leypey Mathew Fomine

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article elucidates and illuminates food as a powerful device that established and strengthened cultural and commercial relationships among the Guidar of North Cameroon and between the Guidar and their neighbouring ethnic groups. During cultural ceremonies such as traditional wedding, death celebration, funeral entertainment, naming ceremony and group circumcision, the Guidar collectively consumed diverse food items that established and cemented cultural relationships among them. Food also aided in establishing commercial relationships between the Guidar and Moundang, Massa, Tupuri, Bamileke from Cameroon and the Sara from the Republic of Chad.Cet article montre le pouvoir instrumental alimentaire qui établit et renforce les relations culturelles et commerciales parmi les peuples Guidar du nord-Cameroun et différentes entités ethniques voisines. Durant les cérémonies traditionnelles telles que les mariages, les funérailles, les circoncisions en groupes, les peuples Guidar collectivement consomment un large éventail de produits alimentaires qui établissent et renforcent les relations culturelles. La nourriture également favorise l’établissement de relations commerciales entre les peuples Guidar, Moundang, Massa, Toupouri, Bamileke et les peuples Sara de la République du Tchad.

  14. Chemical and isotopic tracing of underground water in relation with leaching of mine spoils, Nord-Pas-de-Calais Coal Basin (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denimal, S.; Tribovillard, N.; Meilliez, F.; Barbecot, F.; Dever, L.

    2001-01-01

    Coal mining activity in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region (Northern France) has generated many mine spoils. The oxidation of the pyrite content of such coal shales and their leaching can be a source of sulfate pollution for the underlying chalk aquifer, i.e. the main drinking water resource of the region. Two sites of study have been retained: one in the free water table zone and the other in the confined water table zone. Samples from both mine spoils have been analyzed with respect to their carbon and sulfur content and a superficial leaching of these elements has been evidenced. Water has been sampled in piezometers and boreholes close to the mine spoils and also along natural flux lines. The use of sulfur isotopes as markers of the different sulfate sources has confirmed the spoils source but has permitted to identify another source in the second site which is the Tertiary gypsum-bearing Ostricourt sands. This study has shown also that in the confined water table zone, part of the exported sulfates is reduced. This bacterial reduction of sulfates is due to a joint leaching of both carbon and sulfur in the mine spoils. A self-purification phenomenon occurs when the chalk aquifer is confined beneath the Cenozoic cover. (J.S.)

  15. Risk and protective factors for psychological distress among adolescents: a family study in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myklestad, Ingri; Røysamb, Espen; Tambs, Kristian

    2012-05-01

    The study aimed to investigate potential adolescent and parental psychosocial risk and protective factors for psychological distress among adolescents and, in addition, to examine potential gender and age differences in the effects of risk factors on adolescent psychological distress. Data were collected among 8,984 Norwegian adolescents (13-19 years) and their parents in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). The outcome measure was psychological distress (SCL-5). Bivariate regression analysis with generalized estimating equation (GEE) model showed that all parental self-reported variables (mental distress, substance use, social network, economic problems, unemployment and family structure) and adolescents' self-reported variables (leisure activities, social support from friends, school-related problems and substance use) were significantly associated with psychological distress among adolescents. Results revealed that in a multiple regression analysis with a GEE model, adolescent psychosocial variables, specifically academic-related problems and being bullied at school, emerged as the strongest predictors of psychological distress among adolescents after controlling for age, gender, and all parental and adolescent variables. The following psychosocial risk factors were significantly more important for girl's psychological distress compared to boys: problems with academic achievement, conduct problems in school, frequency of being drunk, smoking, dissatisfaction in school, living alone and seen parents being drunk. Academic achievement and being bullied at school were the psychosocial factors most strongly associated with psychological distress among adolescents. Parental factors had an indirect effect on adolescent psychological distress, through adolescents' psychosocial factors.

  16. Gender differences in psychosocial functioning of adolescents with symptoms of anxiety and depression: longitudinal findings from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derdikman-Eiron, Ruth; Indredavik, Marit S; Bakken, Inger Johanne; Bratberg, Grete H; Hjemdal, Odin; Colton, Matthew

    2012-11-01

    To explore longitudinally gender differences in the associations between psychosocial functioning, subjective well-being and self-esteem among adolescents with and without symptoms of anxiety and depression. Data were obtained from a major population-based Norwegian study, the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, in which 1,092 boys and 1,262 girls (86% of all invited) completed an extensive self-report questionnaire at baseline (mean age 14.4 years) and at follow-up (mean age 18.4 years). Gender was a moderator variable in the associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression and impairment, meaning that boys' functioning was impaired to a larger extent than girls' functioning. A statistically significant interaction effect between gender and symptoms of anxiety and depression was found at follow-up in terms of subjective well-being (p self-esteem (p self-esteem than boys who had no symptoms at both time points. No similar differences were found among the girls. Previous and ongoing symptoms of anxiety and depression had more negative consequences for boys than for girls. These findings may contribute to improved assessment and intervention methods tailored differently for each gender.

  17. Toxic potential of organic constituents of submicron particulate matter (PM1) in an urban road site (Barcelona).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, Sofia R; van Drooge, Barend L; Dall'Osto, Manuel; Grimalt, Joan O; Barata, Carlos; Vieira, Natividade; Guimarães, Laura; Piña, Benjamin

    2017-06-01

    Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) is a recognized risk factor contributing to a number of diseases in human populations and wildlife globally. Organic matter is a major component of PM, but its contribution to overall toxicity of PM has not been thoroughly evaluated yet. In the present work, the biological activity of organic extracts from PM1 (particles with less than 1 μm of aerodynamic diameter) collected from an urban road site in the centre of Barcelona (NE Spain) was evaluated using a yeast-based assay (AhR-RYA) and different gene expression markers in zebrafish embryos. Dioxin-like activity of the extracts correlated to primary emissions from local traffic exhausts, reflecting weekday/weekend alternance. Expression levels of cyp1a and of gene markers for key cellular processes and development (ier2, fos) also correlated to vehicle emissions, whereas expression of gene markers related to antioxidant defence and endocrine effects (gstal, hao1, ttr) was strongly reduced in samples with strong contribution from regional air masses with aged secondary organic species or with strong influence of biomass burning emissions. Our data suggest that the toxic potential of PM1 organic chemical constituents strongly depends on the emission sources and on the process of ageing from primary to secondary organic aerosols.

  18. Assessing visitor satisfaction with a pioneering agritourism project: vegetable tourism in the Parc Agrari del Baix Llobregat (Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerià Paül Carril

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los principales cambios que se han producido en el sector turístico en los últimos años, de mención especial ha sido la aparición constante de nuevos productos que buscan satisfacer las necesidades de los turistas más exigentes. Un buen ejemplo de ello es el agroturismo, en el que el turista participa en las actividades típicas de una explotación agraria. Este estudio se centra en una variante reciente de este tipo de turismo, conocida como holeriturismo. En concreto, el análisis se lleva a cabo en un proyecto pionero en España en un parque agrario: el Parc Agrari del Baix Llobregat (Barcelona. Con base a la información obtenida de una encuesta realizada en el propio Parqu , se analiza el grado de satisfacción de los visitantes con las diversas actividades que experimentan. A través del uso de métodos estadísticos no paramétricos, el estudio busca determinar si el perfil sociodemográfico de los visitantes, y su conocimiento del concepto de turismo de verduras tienen un impacto significativo en sus valoraciones.

  19. Antropologia ao acaso dos encontros: experimentações com alguns colombianos em São Paulo e Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Estrada Mejía

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente artigo propõe como via de acesso à alteridade o conceito de encontro  (occursus, lapidado e polido  por Baruch Spinoza e resgatado recentemente por Gilles Deleuze. Procuro fugir do trilhado discurso da identidade e sua tediosa pretensão hermenêutica,  para tentar me aproximar de um pensamento que libera o acontecimento de seus grandes inimigos: o eu, o mundo e Deus. A partir de uma prática etnográfica, realizada entre 2007 e 2008 com colombianos em São Paulo e Barcelona, retrato alguns dos encontros que implicaram me adentrar em múltiplos devenires: estrangeiros, imigrantes, indocumentados, exilados, refugiados, místicos, agnósticos, militantes políticos, latinos, hispânicos, sul-americanos, sudacas, guerrilheiros, paramilitares, etc.

  20. Advances in urea cycle neuroimaging: Proceedings from the 4th International Symposium on urea cycle disorders, Barcelona, Spain, September 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco-Colón, Ileana; Fricke, Stanley; VanMeter, John; Gropman, Andrea L

    2014-01-01

    Our previous imaging research performed as part of a Urea Cycle Rare Disorders Consortium (UCRDC) grant, has identified specific biomarkers of neurologic injury in ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, OTCD. While characterization of mutations can be achieved in most cases, this information does not necessarily predict the severity of the underlying neurological syndrome. The biochemical consequences of any mutation may be modified additionally by a large number of factors, including contributions of other enzymes and transport systems that mediate flux through the urea cycle, diet and other environmental factors. These factors likely vary from one patient to another, and they give rise to heterogeneity of clinical severity. Affected cognitive domains include non-verbal learning, fine motor processing, reaction time, visual memory, attention, and executive function. Deficits in these capacities may be seen in symptomatic patients, as well as asymptomatic carriers with normal IQ and correlate with variances in brain structure and function in these patients. Using neuroimaging we can identify biomarkers that reflect the downstream impact of UCDs on cognition. This manuscript is a summary of the presentation from the 4th International Consortium on urea cycle disorders held in, Barcelona, Spain, September 2, 2014. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.