WorldWideScience

Sample records for nonprereactive es complex

  1. A Cbx8-containing polycomb complex facilitates the transition to gene activation during ES cell differentiation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Creppe

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Polycomb proteins play an essential role in maintaining the repression of developmental genes in self-renewing embryonic stem cells. The exact mechanism allowing the derepression of polycomb target genes during cell differentiation remains unclear. Our project aimed to identify Cbx8 binding sites in differentiating mouse embryonic stem cells. Therefore, we used a genome-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation of endogenous Cbx8 coupled to direct massive parallel sequencing (ChIP-Seq. Our analysis identified 171 high confidence peaks. By crossing our data with previously published microarray analysis, we show that several differentiation genes transiently recruit Cbx8 during their early activation. Depletion of Cbx8 partially impairs the transcriptional activation of these genes. Both interaction analysis, as well as chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments support the idea that activating Cbx8 acts in the context of an intact PRC1 complex. Prolonged gene activation results in eviction of PRC1 despite persisting H3K27me3 and H2A ubiquitination. The composition of PRC1 is highly modular and changes when embryonic stem cells commit to differentiation. We further demonstrate that the exchange of Cbx7 for Cbx8 is required for the effective activation of differentiation genes. Taken together, our results establish a function for a Cbx8-containing complex in facilitating the transition from a Polycomb-repressed chromatin state to an active state. As this affects several key regulatory differentiation genes this mechanism is likely to contribute to the robust execution of differentiation programs.

  2. Safety Analysis Report for Packaging, Y-12 National Security Complex, Model ES-3100 Package with Bulk HEU Contents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, James [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Goins, Monty [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Paul, Pran [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wilkinson, Alan [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wilson, David [Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-09-03

    This safety analysis report for packaging (SARP) presents the results of the safety analysis prepared in support of the Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC (CNS) request for licensing of the Model ES-3100 package with bulk highly enriched uranium (HEU) contents and issuance of a Type B(U) Fissile Material Certificate of Compliance. This SARP, published in the format specified in the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulatory Guide 7.9 and using information provided in UCID-21218 and NRC Regulatory Guide 7.10, demonstrates that the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) ES-3100 package with bulk HEU contents meets the established NRC regulations for packaging, preparation for shipment, and transportation of radioactive materials given in Title 10, Part 71, of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) [10 CFR 71] as well as U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations for packaging and shipment of hazardous materials given in Title 49 CFR. To protect the health and safety of the public, shipments of adioactive materials are made in packaging that is designed, fabricated, assembled, tested, procured, used, maintained, and repaired in accordance with the provisions cited above. Safety requirements addressed by the regulations that must be met when transporting radioactive materials are containment of radioactive materials, radiation shielding, and assurance of nuclear subcriticality.

  3. Complex-wide review of DOE's Low-Level Waste Management ES ampersand H vulnerabilities. Volume II. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-05-01

    Volume I of this report presents a summary of DOE's complex-wide review of its low-level waste management system, including the assessment scope and methodology, site-specific and complex-wide vulnerabilities, and DOE's conclusions and recommendations. Volume II presents a more detailed discussion of the assessment methodology and evaluation instruments developed by the Assessment Working Group for identifying site-specific vulnerabilities, categorizing and classifying vulnerabilities, and identifying and analyzing complex-wide vulnerabilities. Attachments A and B of this volume contain, respectively, the Site Evaluation Survey and the Vulnerability Assessment Form used in those processes. Volume III contains the site-specific assessment reports for the 36 sites (38 facilities) assessed in the complex-wide review from which the complex-wide vulnerabilities were drawn

  4. Complex-wide review of DOE's Low-Level Waste Management ES ampersand H vulnerabilities. Volume I. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-05-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a comprehensive complex-wide review of its management of low-level waste (LLW) and the radioactive component of mixed low-level waste (MLLW). This review was conducted in response to a recommendation from the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) which was established and authorized by Congress to oversee DOE. The DNFSB's recommendation concerning conformance with safety standards at DOE LLW sites was issued on September 8, 1994 and is referred to as Recommendation 94-2. DOE's Implementation Plan for its response to Recommendation 94-2 was submitted to the DNFSB on March 31, 1995. The DNFSB recommended that a complex-wide review of DOE's LLW management be initiated. The goal of the complex-wide review of DOE's LLW management system was to identify both programmatic and physical vulnerabilities that could lead to unnecessary radiation exposure of workers or the public or unnecessary releases of radioactive materials to the environment. Additionally, the DNFSB stated that an objective of the complex-wide review should be to establish the dimensions of the DOE LLW problem and support the identification of corrective actions to address safe disposition of past, present, and future volumes of LLW. The complex-wide review involved an evaluation of LLW management activities at 38 DOE facilities at 36 sites that actively manage LLW and MLLW

  5. Characterizing the complexity of the fleet dynamics for an effective fisheries management: The case of the Cíes Islands (NW Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Ouréns

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We analysed the fishing fleet dynamics in the Cíes Islands, located in a National Land-Marine Park of Galicia. By interviewing fishers we identified the fleet fishing in the study area and obtained temporal data on effort and catch. Then we performed multivariate analyses of the catch profiles to identify the fishing strategies and their temporal dynamics. Our results highlight the complexity of the fishery system, composed of 565 boats that used 19 fishing gears and 33 strategies in an area of 26.6 km2. Octopus and velvet crab pots, gillnets targeting hake, trammel nets targeting European spider crab or ballan wrasse, clam rakes, and hand harvesting of gooseneck barnacles and razor shells are the strategies most used. In addition, most of the boats are generalists and use up to seven different fishing strategies throughout the year. This flexibility of the fleet to change the target species generates a wide diversity of annual fishing patterns that increases the complexity of the fisheries and the difficulty of managing them. The implementation of data collection programmes that include fleet dynamics and spatial data are key factors for developing effective management regulations consistent with the complexity of the system.

  6. EpiCollect+: linking smartphones to web applications for complex data collection projects [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3vk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M. Aanensen

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Previously, we have described the development of the generic mobile phone data gathering tool, EpiCollect, and an associated web application, providing two-way communication between multiple data gatherers and a project database. This software only allows data collection on the phone using a single questionnaire form that is tailored to the needs of the user (including a single GPS point and photo per entry, whereas many applications require a more complex structure, allowing users to link a series of forms in a linear or branching hierarchy, along with the addition of any number of media types accessible from smartphones and/or tablet devices (e.g., GPS, photos, videos, sound clips and barcode scanning. A much enhanced version of EpiCollect has been developed (EpiCollect+. The individual data collection forms in EpiCollect+ provide more design complexity than the single form used in EpiCollect, and the software allows the generation of complex data collection projects through the ability to link many forms together in a linear (or branching hierarchy. Furthermore, EpiCollect+ allows the collection of multiple media types as well as standard text fields, increased data validation and form logic. The entire process of setting up a complex mobile phone data collection project to the specification of a user (project and form definitions can be undertaken at the EpiCollect+ website using a simple ‘drag and drop’ procedure, with visualisation of the data gathered using Google Maps and charts at the project website. EpiCollect+ is suitable for situations where multiple users transmit complex data by mobile phone (or other Android devices to a single project web database and is already being used for a range of field projects, particularly public health projects in sub-Saharan Africa. However, many uses can be envisaged from education, ecology and epidemiology to citizen science.

  7. Case Report: Gollop-Wolfgang Complex in a 5 month old baby [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/53y

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihtesham A. Qureshi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Skeletal dysplasias are disorders associated with a generalized abnormality in the skeleton. The Gollop-Wolfgang complex (GWC is a limb deficiency disorder and an unusual limb malformation with highly variable manifestations. Here we report an interesting case of a 5-month old male baby from India with Gollop-Wolfgang Complex showing bifurcation of the right femur, ectrodactyly of both feet, ectrodactyly of left hand, syndactyly of right hand and unusual presentation of bilateral fibular agenesis and caudal (Sacrococcygeal agenesis. The etiology of GWC in this 5 month old male baby could possibly be attributed to spontaneous gene mutation. The clinical, radiographic findings and the unusual presentation are presented in detail.

  8. The first iron(III) complexes with cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors: Magnetic, spectroscopic (IR, ES+ MS, NMR, Fe-57 Mossbauer), theoretical, and biological activity studies

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Trávníček, Zdeněk; Popa, Igor; Čajan, Michal; Zbořil, R.; Kryštof, Vladimír; Mikulík, J.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 104, č. 4 (2010), s. 405-417 ISSN 0162-0134 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0512; GA ČR GA301/08/1649 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50380511 Keywords : Iron(III) complexes * 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy * CDK inhibition Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.317, year: 2010

  9. Cucurbitacées

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 août 2015 ... Environ 58,17% des consommateurs des produits à base des graines de Cucurbitacées consomment régulièrement la sauce liquide simple de courge. Elle est obtenue par deux différentes méthodes selon les consommateurs. La première(A1) pratiquée par les 64,12% des consommateurs de cette sauce.

  10. COSIMA-ES-PORT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn; Leleur, Steen

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the results of the research project – WP3 East-west, Interreg IIIB – concerning the de¬velop¬ment of a new composite decision model, COSIMA-ES-PORT, for the assessment of three pre-feasibility studies situated at the Port of Esbjerg: a road project, a railway project...... and a multimodal terminal. The three studies indicates that a new road connection to the Port of Esbjerg is a very profitable project due to large travel time savings, whereas a new railway connection is not economically viable. However, a new multimodal terminal is also a very profitable project. The COSIMA...

  11. EL ORO ES TRISTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose María Corella Hurtado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Esas narraciones eran las mismas cantaletas de mis abuelos, de mis tíos, de los negros y los mineros, contadas bajo las torrenciales noches de lluvia o bajo los indignos soles. Mi madre también relataba de memoria, como una cotorra y con la misma exactitud mientras realizaba los oficios domésticos, bien sean los de la barraca del puerto de Barbacoas o los de la casa de Pasto. Los barbacoanos de esa lejana generación, debieron soportar los recuerdos nefastos de la historia enquistada con dolor porque crecieron coreando episodios con la misma y sorprendente precisión. Era, es y será por siempre, una carcoma dolorosa y perseverante, aquello de la draga. Es que lo sucedido en Barbacoas no debe olvidarse y menos repetirse. Esos sucesos me comprometían de alguna manera; vividos unos en carne propia y a oídas otros que mezclaban el dolor que causó a los paisanos la pobreza en que quedaron.

  12. El Futuro es Hoy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Latiff Conde

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available

    En ninguna otra época de la historia como en la nuestra se ha producido una transición tan rápida hacia el futuro, en el campo de la medicina.

    Lo que había sido una centuria de evolución desde la era Industrial a la era de la Informática, en la pasada década se ha convertido en una revolución.

    La cirugía laparoscopica que ha constituído el despertar a la edad de la informática como la tecnología lider es considerada ahora un standard en la práctica médica. En la actualidad tecnologias más avanzadas prometen mayores progresos en la medicina.

    La mayor revolución médica ocurrió en la cirugía en las postrimerias del siglo diecinueve cuando algunos gigantes de la medicina todavía caminaban sobre la tierra. Estos visionarios comprendieron la magnitud del cambio y dieron nacimiento a la nueva disciplina de la cirugía. Entre ellos estaban Bilroth, Lister, Virchow y Morton.

    Nunca trabajaron juntos, pero la integración espontánea de sus investigaciones y sus habilidades clínicas hicieron posible la nueva cirugía. Fue la convergencia de sus visiones y sus tecnologias las que dieron un vuelco a la cirugía. Bilroth aportó nuevas técnicas y nuevos instrumentos Lister aportó la asepsia, Virchow la patología y Morton la anestesia.

    Los antiguos mitos y muchos hechos empiricos hicieron creer por miles de años en la inviolabilidad del cuerpo humano. Las herramientas científicas de la Era Industrial convirtieron en realidad lo imposible y la ciencia dio nacimiento a la moderna cirugía. En un corto periodo de tiempo se establecieron los fundamentos de una cirugía que permitiría a las siguientes generaciones liderar nuevos avances y tecnologias.

    Nada estremeció más los fundamentos de la medicina como esta explosión de la cirugía. Comprender el shock, la cirugía cardiaca y coronaria, los trasplantes, tuvieron un enorme impacto que conmocionó la medicina. Es obvio que los cambios producidos

  13. R-ES-ONA

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Such a situation from the outset diminishes the hope of understanding anyone living thing by itself and the ... parcel of the first-mentioned feature, that anyone cell represents more an historical than a physical event. .... perception in higher organisms anyhow is known to be a very complex business, have led to the present ...

  14. Effect of solvent on cocrystallization of Es2+ with SrCl2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikheev, N.B.; Veleshko, I.E.; Kulyukhin, S.A.

    1994-01-01

    Complexation of Es 2+ with tetraphenylborate (BPh 4 - ) in acetonitrile (CH 3 CN) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) is studied by cocrystallization. The dependence of the cocrystallization coefficients of Es 2+ on [LiBPh 4 ] demonstrated that in THF, in contrast with CH 3 CN, Es 2+ is not complexed by BPh 4 . The stability constants β 1 and β 2 of the Es 2+ -BPh 4 complexes are 6.6 and 16.0, respectively, in CH 3 CN

  15. es

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Bernal Valls

    Full Text Available El uso de ejercicios en el tratamiento de pacientes con déficit vestibular crónico está incrementándose de forma notable, lo que evidencia que se trata de un procedimiento que resulta beneficioso para este tipo de pacientes. Los buenos resultados que se obtienen sugieren que los ejercicios vestibulares dan lugar a una estabilidad postural y a una disminución de la sensación de desequilibrio.

  16. ES-2 Dummy Biomechanical Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrnes, Katie; Abramczyk, Joseph; Berliner, Jeff; Irwin, Annette; Jensen, Jack; Kowsika, Murthy; Mertz, Harold J; Rouhana, Stephen W; Scherer, Risa; Shi, Yibing; Sutterfield, Aleta; Xu, Lan; Tylko, Suzanne; Dalmotas, Dainius

    2002-11-01

    This technical paper presents the results of biomechanical testing conducted on the ES-2 dummy by the Occupant Safety Research Partnership and Transport Canada. The ES-2 is a production dummy, based on the EuroSID-1 dummy, that was modified to further improve testing capabilities as recommended by users of the EuroSID-1 dummy. Biomechanical response data were obtained by completing a series of drop, pendulum, and sled tests that are outlined in the International Organization of Standardization Technical Report 9790 that describes biofidelity requirements for the midsize adult male side impact dummy. A few of the biofidelity tests were conducted on both sides of the dummy to evaluate the symmetry of its responses. Full vehicle crash tests were conducted to verify if the changes in the EuroSID-1, resulting in the ES-2 design, did improve the dummy's testing capability. In addition to the biofidelity testing, the ES-2 dummy repeatability, reproducibility and durability are discussed. Finally, this technical paper will compare the biofidelity ratings of the current adult side impact dummies with the ES-2 dummy, which received an overall dummy biofidelity rating of 4.6.

  17. El duelo es un trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Mesa, Clara Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    Esta pregunta por lo nuevo en la atención en duelo invita a pensar en varias direcciones: qué hay de nuevo como oferta médica para ayudar a soportar la situación de pérdida que el duelo arrastra consigo, por un lado, pero por otro, qué hay de nuevo en el duelo? Es difícil saber si las condiciones de elaboración del duelo se modifican con las particularidades de una época o con las particularidades propias de cada modalidad de sufrimiento, igualmente existe una tesis que afirma que nuestra épo...

  18. El duelo es un trabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Cecilia Mesa

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta pregunta por lo nuevo en la atención en duelo invita a pensar en varias direcciones: qué hay de nuevo como oferta médica para ayudar a soportar la situación de pérdida que el duelo arrastra consigo, por un lado, pero por otro, qué hay de nuevo en el duelo? Es difícil saber si las condiciones de elaboración del duelo se modifican con las particularidades de una época o con las particularidades propias de cada modalidad de sufrimiento, igualmente existe una tesis que afirma que nuestra época no es ya la época de la muerte romántica más bien que la condición de guerra haría a su vez que las
    coordenadas del duelo podrían pensarse de manera distinta, sin embargo detrás de lo nuevo siempre encontramos lo viejo: la muerte. Parafraseando el último verso de “Las Flores del Mal” de Baudelaire:

  19. Natural(es) remisión de V. ciencias natural(es).

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    [ES] Definición del término Natural(es) remisión de V. ciencias natural(es). en el diccionario Dicter. [EN] Definition of the word Natural(es) remisión de V. ciencias natural(es). in the dictionary Dicter.

  20. In Situ Vitrification Engineering-Scale Test ES-INEL-4, ES-INEL-5, ES-INEL-6, and ES-INEL-7 Test Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weidner, J.R.; Stoots, P.R.

    1990-10-01

    The In Situ Vitrification Engineering-Scale Tests ES-4, ES-5, ES-6, and ES-7 Product Characterization Test Plan describes the methods and procedures to be used or the physical and chemical characterization of the solid product(s) resulting from the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory engineering scale in situ vitrification tests ES-4, ES-5, ES-6, and ES-7. The goals of this Test Plan are to insure that the product characterization results are sufficient to meet the data needs of the In Situ Vitrification Program and are technically and legally defensible. Important issues addressed by the test plan include sampling and analysis strategy, sampling procedures, laboratory analysis, sample control and document management, equipment, data reporting and validation, quality assurance, specific routine procedures to assess data representativeness, safety and training program, and data management. 9 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs

  1. Religions mondialisées.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Fath

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available « Dès le début de l’histoire, les croyances religieuses manifestent une tendance à ne pas se renfermer dans une société politique étroitement délimitée : il y a en elles comme une aptitude naturelle à passer par-dessus les frontières, à se diffuser, à s’internationaliser ». Ces réflexions d’Émile Durkheim, extraites des Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse , sont placées en exergue de l’ouvrage d’Ariel Colonomos consacré aux « Églises en réseau ». ...

  2. stockées Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PR BOKO

    de Rebat (2008). [5] - B. DOUMANDJI-MITICHI. Etude d'un ravageur des denrées stockées E. Kuehiella, Am.El Harrach. (1997). [6] - F. TAIBI. Etude comparée du développement et de la reproduction chez deux ravageurs des denrées stockées Ephestia Kuehniella et Tenebrio molitor. Aspect endocrinien en rapport avec.

  3. Un guijarro no es un canto rodado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coronado Castillo, Ángel

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The sense or meaning of a word resides in thought and only manifests itself when the word is used. Yet the sense conveyed can be equivocal if the word is taken out of its context, spatial as well as temporal. Considering the present time then, we are dealing with the determination of a space, with exploring around the contextual area. The study that resulted in this paper involves geography, but is no geographical research; at most research on human geography. Although it involves speech, its direct object is not language. Neither it is, in strictness, ethnography nor cultural anthropology. But it concerns all of these fields and, therefore, cannot stay away from any of them. Only one concept, perhaps, overrides the whole undertaking and meets the double condition of being simple and complex at the same time: the concept of elementary area. This concept rests upon the seminal idea of taking the sense and meaning of something (in this case, a name or a noun as the use given to such something (such name or noun in a particular space: a here and a now. One word or signifier, one single meaning; that is all there is. Yet it is this extreme simplification that which allows freedom of speculation, clear and refined.

    El sentido de una palabra está en el pensamiento y sólo se hace manifiesto a través de dicha palabra. Pero la información que conlleva la misma es equívoca si hacemos abstracción de un lugar y de un tiempo. Sea el tiempo actual. Se trata, pues, de la determinación de un lugar, de indagar acerca del territorio. El estudio propuesto trata, pues, de geografía, pero no es geografía; acaso geografía humana. Concierne al habla, pero su objeto directo no es la lengua. No es tampoco, en sentido estricto, etnografía ni antropología cultural. Pero siendo un poco todo ello, no puede prescindir de nada. Sólo uno de sus conceptos, quizá, presida todo el conjunto y reúna la doble condición de ser complejo y a la vez simple:

  4. Pensées intimes

    CERN Document Server

    Einstein, Albert

    2000-01-01

    A quelqu'un qui lui demandant pourquoi les hommes pouvaient découvrir les atomes, mais pas les moyens de les contrôler, Einstein répondit : " C'est simple, mon ami : parce que la politique est plus difficile que la physique ". Albert Einstein était un écrivain prolifique dont l'œuvre abonde en aphorismes. Les 550 citations de ce recueil, tirées des quelque 40 000 documents des Archives Einstein, nous font découvrir le Einstein de la légende, l'ami des écoliers et des étudiants fauchés, le philosophe de la vie quotidienne, doux et ironique, mais aussi la face plus sombre, parfois désespérée, de ce grand génie de l'ère moderne. Qu'il s'exprime sur des sujets aussi variés que l'Amérique et les Américains, l'Allemagne et les Allemands, les Juifs et le sionisme, la guerre et le pacifisme, la politique, la religion et la science, ou sur des thèmes plus personnels, tels que l'amour et le mariage, la jeunesse et la vieillesse l'avortement ou l'homosexualité, ses propos restent toujours mordants,...

  5. Adaptation, mise à l'épreuve et évaluation d'interventions complexes en santé publique : leçons tirées du Nurse-Family Partnership dans le secteur de la santé publique au Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Jack

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Le Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP est un programme de visites à domicile destiné aux nouvelles jeunes mères défavorisées sur le plan socioéconomique. Les données issues de trois essais contrôlés randomisés (ECR américains ont solidement démontré l'efficacité des interventions quant à l'amélioration de l'issue de la grossesse, de la santé et du développement des enfants ainsi que de l'autonomie économique des mères. Cependant, l'efficacité du NFP dans le contexte canadien des services de santé et des services sociaux, qui diffère de celui des États-Unis, reste à déterminer. Cet article vise à décrire le processus complexe suivi pour adapter la recherche sur le NFP et mettre ainsi en œuvre ce programme au Canada. Méthodologie : L'évaluation menée au Canada se divise en trois étapes : 1 adaptation de l'intervention, 2 mise à l'épreuve de l'intervention dans des études de faisabilité et d'acceptabilité à petite échelle et 3 réalisation d'un ECR et d'une évaluation du processus dans le cadre de l'étude intitulée British Columbia Healthy Connections Project (BCHCP. Cette évaluation à grande échelle permettra d'enrichir la base de données probantes du NFP par la tenue d'une étude supplémentaire sur les mécanismes biologiques susceptibles de témoigner de la relation entre l'intervention et les effets sur le comportement des enfants. Résultats : L'adaptation de la documentation du NFP pour les visites à domicile est un processus continu. Un projet pilote a montré la faisabilité du recrutement des femmes admissibles au NFP. Il a aussi révélé qu'il était préférable au Canada que le NFP soit mis en œuvre par les organismes de santé publique et que les infirmières et infirmiers en santé publique (ISP s'occupent des interventions. Enfin, il a montré que ce programme intensif de visites à domicile a bénéficié d'une réception positive de la part des clientes, des membres de

  6. Life: Complexity and Diversity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tinual increase in the diversity of life over evolutionary time. Ways of ... Centre for Ecological. Scienc'es .... plants evolved flowers to attract pollinators and reward them with .... with the evolving complexity of their interactions in communi- ties.

  7. El mundo es un paisaje sonoro

    OpenAIRE

    Rezza, Sol

    2009-01-01

    El sonido es movimiento, sin movimiento no hay sonido. Nuestras vidas cotidianas están plagadas de sonidos, el mundo es un mundo sonoro. Soundscape, paisajes sonoros, postales sonoras, ambientes sonoros son algunos de los nombres con los que se define al sonido o a la combinación de sonidos que conforman un entono específico, es decir un ambiente sonoro.

  8. Cloning of ES cells and mice by nuclear transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakayama, Sayaka; Kishigami, Satoshi; Wakayama, Teruhiko

    2009-01-01

    We have been able to develop a stable nuclear transfer (NT) method in the mouse, in which donor nuclei are directly injected into the oocyte using a piezo-actuated micromanipulator. Although the piezo unit is a complex tool, once mastered it is of great help not only in NT experiments, but also in almost all other forms of micromanipulation. Using this technique, embryonic stem (ntES) cell lines established from somatic cell nuclei can be generated relatively easily from a variety of mouse genotypes and cell types. Such ntES cells can be used not only for experimental models of human therapeutic cloning but also as a means of preserving mouse genomes instead of preserving germ cells. Here, we describe our most recent protocols for mouse cloning.

  9. UTILIZATION OF 5Es' CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH FOR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global Journal

    learning, the effective utilization of which can enhance biology teaching and learning. This paper focused on how ... KEYWORDS: Utilization, 5Es Constructivist approach, difficult concepts, Biology. ... gives hope to the development of the deep.

  10. University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... These include organization and dissemination of information, library education and training, information technology and its application in ...

  11. PROYECTO GENOMA HUMANO VISTO DESDE EL PENSAMIENTO DE LA COMPLEJIDAD: IMPLICACIONES BIOÉTICAS PROJETO GENOMA HUMANO VISTO SOB A ÓTICA DO PENSAMENTO DA COMPLEXIDADE: IMPLICAÇÕES BIOÉTICAS THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT SEEN FROM COMPLEXITY THEORY: BIOETHICAL IMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia R Sánchez González

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se entrega una visión desde el pensamiento de la complejidad acerca de las implicaciones sistémicas de la manipulación del genoma humano. La evolución es el proceso central de la biología que nos ayuda a comprender la diversidad del mundo vivo. Hoy se quiere imponer el determinismo genético, sin tener en cuenta que los seres humanos son, además de su dotación genética, producto de la interacción con su medio, tanto biológico como social. Si bien puede resultar de gran beneficio para la humanidad, la manipulación del genoma humano puede ser utilizada con fines discriminatorios y de dominación, además de lo imprevisible de las consecuencias debido a las propiedades emergentes que resultarían de cada procedimiento.Neste trabalho se oferece uma visão a partir do pensamento da complexidade acerca das implicações sistêmicas da manipulação do genoma humano. A evolução é o processo central da biologia que nos ajuda a compreender a diversidade do mundo vivo. Hoje se quer impor o determinismo genético, sem levar em conta que os seres humanos são, além de sua dotação genética, produto da interação com o seu meio, tanto biológico como social. Ainda que possa resultar num grande beneficio para a humanidade, a manipulação do genoma humano poderá ser utilizada com finalidades discriminatórias e de dominação, ademais da imprevisibilidade das conseqüências devido às propriedades emergentes que resultariam de cada procedimento.In this work, a vision is proposed from a complexity viewpoint about the systematic implications of human genome manipulation. Evolution is the central biological process that helps us understand the diversity of the living world. Today, it is held as the prevalent viewpoint without taking into account that human beings are, in addition to their genetic endowment, products of interaction with their surroundings, as much biological as social. Although it can be of great benefit to

  12. ¿Es la Internet un derecho?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Villanueva Mansilla

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Internet ha sido declarado como derecho, lo que hace que su acceso, uso y penetración sean considerados como prioritarios en todas las zonas del planeta. La intención de este ensayo es esbozar cuáles serían estos efectos. El derecho al Internet es simplemente la garantía de poder participar de la vida en sociedad sea como ciudadano o como consumidor sin restricción alguna. El acceso al Internet no es simple ni barato, implica un conjunto de acciones que requieren intervención del Estado, de varios actores económicos y del propio ciudadano. Asume el tratamiento de las complejidades de este derecho y el desafío para Latinoamérica.

  13. ULCERA GASTRODUODENAL EM CÃES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Assis Uma Costa

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available As ulcerações no sistema digestivo de cães são consideradas raras. São descritos dois casos de úlcera gastroduodenal em cães. O primeiro animal apresentou úlcera no duodeno próxima!. O segundo mostrou úlcera perfurada na região pilórica do estômago. Nenhum dos animais apresentou evidências de sangramento, mas as lesões eram profundas e arredondadas. Não houve evidência de patologias concorrentes.

  14. Excreta Disposal in Dar-es-salaam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chaggu, E.; Mashouri, D.; Buuren, van J.C.L.; Sanders, W.T.M.; Lettinga, G.

    2002-01-01

    The sociocultural and socioeconomic situation of sanitation in Dar-es-Salaam (Dsm), Tanzania, was studied with explicit emphasis on pit-latrines. Without considering the sociocultural conditions, the so-called best solution might not be the right one. Therefore, in order to achieve the intended

  15. El punto de partida es nuestra identidad

    OpenAIRE

    Alcalde, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    Néstor tiene claro que su identidad es algo primordial en su arte, desde los mantos pre incas de la cultura Paracas hasta el indigenismo con José Sabogal. Además, considera necesario tener una proyección social, buscar que la gente se sienta reflejada en sus obras.

  16. The Origins of dEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skillman, Evan D.

    With the new discoveries that some dEs are rotationally supported and that dIs may show a large variety in star formation histories, the perceived relationships between these two families of galaxies are changing. There are at least three viable channels for the origin of dwarf elliptical galaxies with strong observational evidence that support their reality. I will discuss the observational evidence for each of these channels and the likely physical processes which determine each channel.

  17. ¿Que es TeleSUR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Arcila Calderón

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Telesur nace en el seno de proyecto político, de resistencia contra el orden mundial actual, en el convencimiento de que la comunicación es capaz de lograr metas importantes en los procesos de cohesión de las sociedades. El desafío fue crear un medio de comunicación independiente de las empresas comerciales.

  18. ¿Qué es conducta?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteve Freixa i Baqué

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La definición de la Psicología como ciencia de la conducta adoptada por el Conductismo supone e implica a su vez una conceptualización clara y unívoca de dicho concepto. Pero tal definición se enfrenta con una serie de malentendidos tenaces que dificultan no sólo la comprensión de dicho concepto básico sino también, en consecuencia, la propia conceptualización conductista. El propósito del presente trabajo es intentar exponer algunos de estos malentendidos, entre los que destacan los errores categoriales groseros, los procesos de reificación abusiva, los razonamientos tautológicos disfrazados, la generalización imprudente del modelo médico al ámbito de la conducta y la confusión nefasta entre un fenómeno y su conceptualización. Para ello, y con un tono más didáctico que académico, se recurre a una serie de metáforas de la vida cotidiana: la parte escondida del iceberg no es más que iceberg, las piedras no caen por su propio peso, los hombres y las mujeres no mueren porque son mortales, el bacilo de Koch existe y la máscara no es el rostro.

  19. Investigation of low pressure ES-SAGD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivory, J.; Zheng, R.; Nasr, T.; Deng, X.; Beaulieu, G.; Heck, G. [Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, AB (Canada)

    2008-10-15

    This paper described a scaled model experiment conducted to investigate the effectiveness of expanding solvent steam assisted gravity drainage (ES-SAGD) processes at low pressures. Lower SAGD pressures typically result in reduced oil production as a result of correspondingly lower steam temperatures. However, lower pressures may also result in a reduced steam to oil ratio (SOR) and a higher vaporization heat. Steam was injected into an injection well at 33 cm{sup 3} per minute and in a production well at 31 cm{sup 3} per minute. Steam and solvents were then co-injected into the injection well at a temperature of 206 degrees C. The experiment was history-matched and a parametric analysis was conducted using a simulation tool. The 2-D and 3-D field-scale simulations investigated the impact of operating pressures, injection rates; sub-cool; oil and gas phase diffusion and dispersion; live oil versus dead oil performance; and the use of drawdown when oil rates declined. Low pressure ES-SAGD was then compared with low-pressure SAGD. Results of the study suggested that production pressures, sub-cool and solvent concentrations are important parameters in ES-SAGD processes. At 1500 kPa production pressure and 10 degrees C sub-cool, the co-injection of solvent with steam increased average oil rates by 15 per cent more than the SAGD process. SOR was also reduced. 6 refs., 8 tabs., 20 figs.

  20. ¿Es usted socialmente responsable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Mosquera

    2016-06-01

    El objetivo de este ensayo es dar a conocer no solo a la comunidad laica sino a la sociedad que nuestra propuesta incluye un cambio de actitud, una revolución de prácticas sociales que serán plasmadas con toda la información detallada de la realización del proyecto antes mencionado y por consiguiente, se realizará la ejecución de un Manual de procedimientos con indicadores de prácticas sociales de la Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte de Guayaquil

  1. ¿Es posible el capitalismo sostenible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James O´Connor

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Es posible el capitalismo sostenible? En este artículo se analiza una evidencia relativa a esta pregunta, haciendo énfasis en algunos de los diferentes conceptos de "sostenibilidad" planteados por los verdes y por el sector empresarial. Se hace un breve recuento de las condiciones de sostenibilidad económica y se discute la "primera" contradicción del capitalismo y la naturaleza de la acumulación capitalista, además de un breve examen del proceso de formación de una crisis mundial en la década de los ochenta.

  2. ES 1010 software for testing CAMAC modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ableev, V.G.; Basiladze, S.G.; Zaporozhets, S.A.; Piskunov, N.M.; Ryabtsov, V.D.; Sitnik, I.M.; Strokovskij, E.A.; Sharov, V.I.

    1977-01-01

    Test programs for digital and analog-digital CAMAC modules applied in physical experiments are described. Algorithms were written in FORTRAN-4 language for testing, data acquisition, processing and data control. ASSEMBLER ES 1010 subroutines were used for data acquisition and CAMAC module control. This allowed one to take advantages of a high level language for data processing and display, as well as for achieving an interface with the CAMAC hardware. Software applied enables one to improve considerably adjustment of CAMAC modules and to obtain their operational characteristics

  3. CAUSAS DE MORTE E RAZÕES PARA EUTANÁSIA DE CÃES

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Almeida Fighera

    2008-01-01

    A crescente aproximação afetiva entre os cães e o homem fez com que nos últimos anos fosse gerada muita informação científica sobre medicina canina. Entretanto, como a maior parte dessas informações é obtida através da literatura internacional, é comum que os clínicos e patologistas veterinários brasileiros necessitem extrapolar dados referentes à prevalência das diferentes doenças que causam morte de cães para nossa realidade. Baseado nisso, este estudo tem como objetivo principal dete...

  4. Assessment on Vulnerable Youths Integration to Dar es Salaam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Assessment on Vulnerable Youths Integration to Dar es Salaam Solid Waste ... existing municipal solid waste management crisis facing Dar es Salaam City using ... enabling environment of turning rampant solid waste collection a commercial ...

  5. El significante no es un arquetipo

    OpenAIRE

    Murillo, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo forma parte de la investigación de maestría La hipótesis de los tres registros. Sujeto, metapsicología y formalización en psicoanálisis (Murillo, 2010, 2011a, 2011b, 2011c, 2012a, 2012b, 2013a, 2013b) y la investigación UBACyT Lógicas de producción en el campo de investigaciones en psicoanálisis (Azaretto y Ros, 2011). El objetivo de este artículo es desarrollar la referencia de Jung en el desarrollo de la hipótesis de lo simbólico, o de la teoría del simbolismo. Se concluye que...

  6. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=1998-08-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  7. Technologies Avancées: Advanced Search

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Search tips: Search terms are case-insensitive; Common words are ignored; By default only articles containing all terms in the query are returned (i.e., AND is implied); Combine multiple words with OR to find articles containing either term; e.g., education OR research; Use parentheses to create more complex queries; e.g., ...

  8. ¿Es posible objetivar el dolor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DR. S. Mario Campero

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El dolor es una experiencia cognitiva como resultado de la activación de nociceptores o descritas en esos términos. El estímulo nociceptivo desencadena la activación de redes neuronales que procesan la información en forma paralela y distribuida, con un componente discriminativo en el tálamo y corteza primaria contra lateral y otro afectivo en la corteza del cíngulo anterior y prefrontal dorsolateral. El dolor como experiencia psíquica solo puede ser objetivado en sus aspectos de activación de las áreas de la así llamada matriz de dolor, mediante la técnica de resonancia magnética funcional. Con el registro de la actividad de nociceptores en sujetos despiertos y en pacientes con dolor neuropático mediante microneurografía se puede relacionar la actividad anormal en estos receptores con la sensación evocada.

  9. Linfossarcoma em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fighera Rafael Almeida

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O linfossarcoma é uma neoplasia linfóide que se origina em órgão sólido e que, em cães, não tem ainda uma etiologia determinada. O diagnóstico dessa neoplasia pode ser feito tanto por citologia como por histopatologia, embora, muitas vezes, sua diferenciação de leucemia linfóide seja difícil. Vários sinais clínicos são associados com o linfossarcoma canino, a maioria deles relacionada ao órgão na qual o tumor se localiza. Uma manifestação comum é a linfadenopatia generalizada que deve ser diferenciada de outras enfermidades que causam aumento de volume dos linfonodos. Algumas síndromes paraneoplásicas complicam casos de linfossarcoma e, muitas vezes, são responsáveis pela morte do animal. Neste trabalho, são revisados os aspectos clínicos, laboratoriais, as alterações de necropsia e histopatologia do linfossarcoma canino.

  10. La convivencia no es tan obvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia García-Dalmás

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available La promoción de una mejor convivencia a través de la generación o mejora de espacios públicos, básicamente plazas y parques, sigue siendo una de las principales propuestas con las que las políticas públicas, por lo menos en Uruguay, buscan dar respuesta a lo que identifican como “problemas sociales acuciantes”: la violencia, la inseguridad. El presente artículo toma como base una propuesta, la Estrategia por la Vida y la Convivencia, impulsada por el gobierno nacional que, entre otros aspectos, plantea que “el pacto de convivencia es un pacto de obviedad”. Desde la comunicación propone aproximaciones y preguntas que buscan desnaturalizar lo obvio, profundizar en cómo se construyen vínculos y sentidos en relación a los territorios y la cotidianidad de quienes los habitan.

  11. El Pseudo-Hiepes es Bernardo Polo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan, William B.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nearly fifteen years ago, the author proposed the name Pseudo-Hiepes to refer to a then anonymous painter whom certain Italian art historians had called the Master of the Lombard Fruit Bowl. At the time, he argued for an Aragonese origin in the later part of the century. A signed work has finally been discovered and is published here. The artist was indeed from Zaragoza, and his name is Bernardo Polo.

    Hace unos quince años, el autor propuso el apodo Pseudo-Hiepes para identificar al pintor anónimo a quien algunos entendidos italianos habían bautizado como Maestro del Frutero lombardo. En aquel entonces, argumentó que debía tratarse de un artista aragonés, de la segunda mitad de siglo. Por fin ha aparecido una obra firmada que se presenta aquí. Efectivamente, el artista era zaragozano y su nombre es Bernardo Polo.

  12. La ciudad es un libro abierto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Carrión M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A nivel urbano se producen cambios en la relación comunicación y ciudad que se expresan en las nuevas formas de articulación interurbana, población-ciudad, gobierno local-sociedad y redes sociales. El autor señala las características que hacen de la ciudad un medio de comunicación y enfatiza en la necesidad de que los municipios trabajen por el fortalecimiento de la articulación social de mediación de lo público. Compara al libro y la ciudad como textos abiertos. Señala que las ciudades tienen una nomenclatura que obliga a ser leídas. La estructura simbólica de la ciudad está compuesta por un conjunto de signos que facilitan el establecimiento de contactos entre la sociedad y el espacio que la contiene, así como la apertura de ámbitos de relación entre la cultura y la naturaleza. La ciudad es un foro de comunicación e información, porque en ella confluye la mayor densidad de medios de comunicación y usuarios; abarca la mayor concentración de lugares de socialización; posee el mayor cúmulo de información concentrada y tiene acumuladas la mayor cantidad de manifestaciones simbólicas.

  13. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=1998-08-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  14. Germline competence of mouse ES and iPS cell lines: Chimera technologies and genetic background.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carstea, Ana Claudia; Pirity, Melinda K; Dinnyes, Andras

    2009-12-31

    In mice, gene targeting by homologous recombination continues to play an essential role in the understanding of functional genomics. This strategy allows precise location of the site of transgene integration and is most commonly used to ablate gene expression ("knock-out"), or to introduce mutant or modified alleles at the locus of interest ("knock-in"). The efficacy of producing live, transgenic mice challenges our understanding of this complex process, and of the factors which influence germline competence of embryonic stem cell lines. Increasingly, evidence indicates that culture conditions and in vitro manipulation can affect the germline-competence of Embryonic Stem cell (ES cell) lines by accumulation of chromosome abnormalities and/or epigenetic alterations of the ES cell genome. The effectiveness of ES cell derivation is greatly strain-dependent and it may also influence the germline transmission capability. Recent technical improvements in the production of germline chimeras have been focused on means of generating ES cells lines with a higher germline potential. There are a number of options for generating chimeras from ES cells (ES chimera mice); however, each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Recent developments in induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technology have opened new avenues for generation of animals from genetically modified somatic cells by means of chimera technologies. The aim of this review is to give a brief account of how the factors mentioned above are influencing the germline transmission capacity and the developmental potential of mouse pluripotent stem cell lines. The most recent methods for generating specifically ES and iPS chimera mice, including the advantages and disadvantages of each method are also discussed.

  15. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  16. IMMUNE REGULATING ES-PRODUCTS IN PARASITIC NEMATODES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahlool, Qusay Zuhair Mohammad; Buchmann, Kurt; Kania, Per Walter

    work elucidates the effect of ES substances on the fish immune system by measuring immune gene expression in spleen and liver of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) injected intraperitoneally with ES products isolated from A. simplex third stage larvae. The overall gene expression profile of exposed...... fish showed a generalized down-regulation of the immune genes tested, suggesting a role of ES proteins in minimizing the immune reaction of rainbow trout against invading nematodes. We also tested the enzymatic activity of the ES proteins and found that lipase, esterase lipase, valine and cysteine...... arylamidases, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase and a-galactosidase activities were present in the ES solution. This type of hydrolytic enzyme activity may play a role in nematode penetration of host tissue. Based on the notion that A. simplex ES-proteins may have an immune-depressive effect, it could also...

  17. Qué es Motion Graphics

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso Valdivieso, Concepción

    2016-01-01

    [EN] What exactly are ‘Motion Graphics’? Many people still aren’t entirely sure. Taken literally they are just graphics in motion, but they also mean much more than that. Motion graphics use incredibly expressive techniques and as a result are often found in advertising, corporate videos, credit sequences, etc. They can translate a complex idea into a clear message with just a few seconds of animation.At the same time they have a very particular, simple and stylish aesthetic. But, if any anim...

  18. iDESWEB: Usabilidad: qué es

    OpenAIRE

    Luján Mora, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    Qué es la usabilidad, definiciones en ISO 9241 (usuario, objetivo, contexto) e ISO/IEC 9126 (funcionalidad, fiabilidad, usabilidad, eficiencia, mantenibilidad, portabilidad), definición de Jakob Nielsen: "La usabilidad es un atributo de calidad que mide lo fácil que son de usar los interfaces de usuario", componentes de la usabilidad: facilidad de aprendizaje, eficiencia, memorabilidad, errores, satisfacción. Sitio web del curso: http://idesweb.es/

  19. Penetapan Strategi Bisnis pada PT. Pabrik Es Siantar, Pematangsiantar

    OpenAIRE

    Pakpahan, Vovi Novita

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to identify the types of strategies used dan analyze the internal environment PT. Pabrik Es Siantar related strenghts and weaknesses and the external environment related opportunities and threats to determine the right strategy and the way it is applied in PT. Pabrik Es Siantar in the face of competition. The type of strategy adopted PT. Pabrik Es Siantar classified as a defensive strategy. The input stage of business strategy include matrix EFE,IFE and CPM. The total ...

  20. Earth System Documentation (ES-DOC) Preparation for CMIP6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denvil, S.; Murphy, S.; Greenslade, M. A.; Lawrence, B.; Guilyardi, E.; Pascoe, C.; Treshanksy, A.; Elkington, M.; Hibling, E.; Hassell, D.

    2015-12-01

    During the course of 2015 the Earth System Documentation (ES-DOC) project began its preparations for CMIP6 (Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 6) by further extending the ES-DOC tooling ecosystem in support of Earth System Model (ESM) documentation creation, search, viewing & comparison. The ES-DOC online questionnaire, the ES-DOC desktop notebook, and the ES-DOC python toolkit will serve as multiple complementary pathways to generating CMIP6 documentation. It is envisaged that institutes will leverage these tools at different points of the CMIP6 lifecycle. Institutes will be particularly interested to know that the documentation burden will be either streamlined or completely automated.As all the tools are tightly integrated with the ES-DOC web-service, institutes can be confident that the latency between documentation creation & publishing will be reduced to a minimum. Published documents will be viewable with the online ES-DOC Viewer (accessible via citable URL's). Model inter-comparison scenarios will be supported using the ES-DOC online Comparator tool. The Comparator is being extended to:• Support comparison of both Model descriptions & Simulation runs;• Greatly streamline the effort involved in compiling official tables.The entire ES-DOC ecosystem is open source and built upon open standards such as the Common Information Model (CIM) (versions 1 and 2).

  1. Low antigenicity of hematopoietic progenitor cells derived from human ES cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eun-Mi Kim

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Eun-Mi Kim1, Nicholas Zavazava1,21Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa, USA; 2Immunology Graduate Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USAAbstract: Human embryonic stem (hES cells are essential for improved understanding of diseases and our ability to probe new therapies for use in humans. Currently, bone marrow cells and cord blood cells are used for transplantation into patients with hematopoietic malignancies, immunodeficiencies and in some cases for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. However, due to the high immunogenicity of these hematopoietic cells, toxic regimens of drugs are required for preconditioning and prevention of rejection. Here, we investigated the efficiency of deriving hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs from the hES cell line H13, after co-culturing with the murine stromal cell line OP9. We show that HPCs derived from the H13 ES cells poorly express major histocompatibility complex (MHC class I and no detectable class II antigens (HLA-DR. These characteristics make hES cell-derived hematopoietic cells (HPCs ideal candidates for transplantation across MHC barriers under minimal immunosuppression.Keywords: human embryonic stem cells, H13, hematopoiesis, OP9 stromal cells, immunogenicity

  2. Exact scattering solutions in an energy sudden (ES) representation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, B.; Eno, L.; Rabitz, H.

    1983-01-01

    In this paper, we lay down the theoretical foundations for computing exact scattering wave functions in a reference frame which moves in unison with the system internal coordinates. In this frame the (internal) coordinates appear to be fixed and its adoption leads very naturally (in zeroth order) to the energy sudden (ES) approximation [and the related infinite order sudden (IOS) method]. For this reason we call the new representation for describing the exact dynamics of a many channel scattering problem, the ES representation. Exact scattering solutions are derived in both time dependent and time independent frameworks for the representation and many interesting results in these frames are established. It is shown, e.g., that in a time dependent frame the usual Schroedinger propagator factorizes into internal Hamiltonian, ES, and energy correcting propagators. We also show that in a time independent frame the full Green's functions can be similarly factorized. Another important feature of the new representation is that it forms a firm foundation for seeking corrections to the ES approximation. Thus, for example, the singularity which arises in conventional perturbative expansions of the full Green's functions (with the ES Green's function as the zeroth order solution) is avoided in the ES representation. Finally, a number of both time independent and time dependent ES correction schemes are suggested

  3. ANALISIS KADAR SIKLAMAT PADA ES KRIM DI KOTA BANJARBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurlailah Nurlailah

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Pemanis merupakan salah satu komponen yang sering ditambahkan dalam bahan makanan. Pemanis buatan yang banyak beredar di masyarakat adalah siklamat. Konsumsi siklamat yang melebihi dosis akan mengakibatkan kanker kandung kemih. Selain itu akan menyebabkan tumor paru, hati, dan limfa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya siklamat dalam es krim yang melebihi ambang batas yang dipersyaratkan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah survey deskriptif. Sampel penelitian adalah es krim produksi rumah tangga dari seluruh pedagang es krim di Banjarbaru utara yaitu dengan jumlah 11 pedagang es krim. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah kadar siklamat yang terdapat dalam es krim. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dari 11 sampel es krim yang diperiksa, 9 sampel mengandung siklamat dengan kadar tertinggi 7,37 g/kg sebagai asam siklamat. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah es krim yang mengandung siklamat ditemukan sebanyak 82% (9 sampel, sedangkan 18% (2 sampel lainnya negatif, dari 9 sampel yang positif mengandung siklamat, 89% tidak memenuhi syarat PERMENKES Nomor 208 tahun 1985 yaitu melebihi 2 gr/kg sebagai asam siklamat. Perlu dilakukan pemeriksaan yang lebih spesifik untuk analisis kadar siklamat dengan metode lain seperti Kromatografi Cair Kinerja Tinggi (KCKT

  4. On the use of time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence (TRLIF) and electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) for speciation studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moulin, C.

    2003-01-01

    Time-resolved laser induced fluorescence (TRLIF) and electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) are used for speciation studies. While the former has been used for long time, the latter is rather new in the field of speciation. These two techniques have different advantages such as sensitivity (especially for TRLIF), selectivity and multielement capabilities (in case of ES-MS). Examples obtained from studies carried out within the CEA are presented. Concerning TRLIF, emphasis is put on uranyl ion speciation in nitric acid to phosphoric acid going through hydroxo complexes. Concerning ES-MS, humic substances identification as well as speciation of cesium, zirconium, thorium and uranyl ions in various complexing media are presented. Comparisons of TRLIF and ES-MS results are made in the case of uranyl hydroxo complexes and favourably compared with OECD data. Trends for these two techniques are also discussed. (orig.)

  5. Diccionarios monolingües de ELE vs. diccionarios normativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villarrubia Zúñiga, Marisol

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo analizamos diferentes lemas en el Diccionario Salamanca y los comparamos con los de varios diccionarios normativos del español, como por ejemplo, el DRAE. Nuestro propósito es ver cómo están construidos para evidenciar, cuál de estos es más útil para un estudiante que está aprendiendo el español como segunda lengua y por qué lo es.

  6. Units for on-line control with the ES computer in physical investigations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Efimov, L.G.

    1983-01-01

    The peripheral part of complex of means created for organization of ES computer operation on-line with experimental devices, comprising two units is described. The first unit is employed as a part of a universal driver of the Camac branch for connection with microprogram ES computer channel controller and ensures multioperational (up to 44 record varieties) device software service. The bilateral data exchange between the device and computer can be performed by bytes as well as 16 or 24-digit words using CAMAC group modes and with maximum rate of 1.25 Mbyte/s. The second unit is meant for synchronization of the data aquisition process with the device starting system and for ensuring the device operator dialogue with the computer

  7. "Aarøes Strejfkorps - en dansk specialenhed i 1864"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papousek, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Boganmeldelse af genudgivelse af to artikler tidligere bragt i Militært Tidsskrift i slutningen af 1800-tallet, omhandlende oprettelsen, operationerne og historien om den danske specialenhed "Aarøes Strejfkorps" under Anden Slesvgiske Krig...

  8. ¿Qué es Indoor airPLUS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Programa Interior de airPLUS es una asociación entre EPA, los constructores, raters, las utilidades, y organizaciones sanitarias e interiores ambientales de mejorar aire interior en nuevas casas casas verdes.

  9. Patient Satisfaction At The Muhimbili National Hospital In Dar Es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patient Satisfaction At The Muhimbili National Hospital In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. ... staffpatient relationship ethos, in which the patient is a viewed as a customer. Keywords: patient satisfaction, reform, Muhimbili National Hospital, referral ...

  10. Alderisio_Meri_vs_ES_MS_vs_MSD

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Stain Comparison Meri vs. ES. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Alderiswio, K., L. Villegas, M. Ware, L. McDonald, L. Xiao, and E. Villegas....

  11. La costumbre no es fuente del Derecho Procesal

    OpenAIRE

    Gascón Inchausti, Fernando

    1999-01-01

    Comentario a la Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de 28 de abril de 1998. Se analiza el valor jurídico que cabe atribuir a ciertos usos forenses, dado que la costumbre no es fuente del Derecho Procesal.

  12. Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) Program Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes the Department’s review of comments received on the HPwES v2 proposal and presents a multi-year action plan to both address Department goals and incorporate industry feedback.

  13. Final Technical Report: Electronic Structure Workshop (ES13)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Shiwei [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)

    2015-02-26

    The 25th Annual Workshop on Recent Developments in Electronic Structure Methods (ES2013) was successfully held at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg VA on June 11-14, 2013. The workshop website is at http://es13.wm.edu/ , which contains updated information on the workshop and a permanent archive of the scientific contents. DOE's continued support has been instrumental to the success of the workshop.

  14. El Buen Ordeño es muy Importante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blackman Charles

    1947-06-01

    Full Text Available El ordeño es uno de los mayores trabajos de las fincas lecheras y es también uno de los más importantes. La forma en que se ordeña las vacas determina en gran parte la calidad de la leche e influye además sobre la cantidad de leche producida. Las vacas lecheras deben ser ordeñadas dos veces al día, a intervalos iguales.

  15. Highly dynamic and sex-specific expression of microRNAs during early ES cell differentiation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constance Ciaudo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Embryonic stem (ES cells are pluripotent cells derived from the inner cell mass of the mammalian blastocyst. Cellular differentiation entails loss of pluripotency and gain of lineage-specific characteristics. However, the molecular controls that govern the differentiation process remain poorly understood. We have characterized small RNA expression profiles in differentiating ES cells as a model for early mammalian development. High-throughput 454 pyro-sequencing was performed on 19-30 nt RNAs isolated from undifferentiated male and female ES cells, as well as day 2 and 5 differentiating derivatives. A discrete subset of microRNAs (miRNAs largely dominated the small RNA repertoire, and the dynamics of their accumulation could be readily used to discriminate pluripotency from early differentiation events. Unsupervised partitioning around meloids (PAM analysis revealed that differentiating ES cell miRNAs can be divided into three expression clusters with highly contrasted accumulation patterns. PAM analysis afforded an unprecedented level of definition in the temporal fluctuations of individual members of several miRNA genomic clusters. Notably, this unravelled highly complex post-transcriptional regulations of the key pluripotency miR-290 locus, and helped identify miR-293 as a clear outlier within this cluster. Accordingly, the miR-293 seed sequence and its predicted cellular targets differed drastically from those of the other abundant cluster members, suggesting that previous conclusions drawn from whole miR-290 over-expression need to be reconsidered. Our analysis in ES cells also uncovered a striking male-specific enrichment of the miR-302 family, which share the same seed sequence with most miR-290 family members. Accordingly, a miR-302 representative was strongly enriched in embryonic germ cells derived from primordial germ cells of male but not female mouse embryos. Identifying the chromatin remodelling and E2F-dependent transcription

  16. Complexity explained

    CERN Document Server

    Erdi, Peter

    2008-01-01

    This book explains why complex systems research is important in understanding the structure, function and dynamics of complex natural and social phenomena. Readers will learn the basic concepts and methods of complex system research.

  17. Complex chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Bong Gon; Kim, Jae Sang; Kim, Jin Eun; Lee, Boo Yeon

    2006-06-01

    This book introduces complex chemistry with ten chapters, which include development of complex chemistry on history coordination theory and Warner's coordination theory and new development of complex chemistry, nomenclature on complex with conception and define, chemical formula on coordination compound, symbol of stereochemistry, stereo structure and isomerism, electron structure and bond theory on complex, structure of complex like NMR and XAFS, balance and reaction on solution, an organo-metallic chemistry, biology inorganic chemistry, material chemistry of complex, design of complex and calculation chemistry.

  18. premières données microstructurales sur le complexe granito ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Home

    LTD PRINTED IN NIGERIA ISSN 1596-6798 ... décrochements indiquent des axes de paléocontraintes de compression majeure respectivement ESE-WNW .... 3d). La hornblende verte apparaît en reliques dans la foliation principale (Sn+1) et.

  19. 'El 'vos' es el dialecto que inventamos nosotros, la forma correcta es el 'tú''

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ane Christiansen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nicaragua es un país con un nivel de escolarización relativamente bajo y el contexto material y social en las escuelas hace que la enseñanza de la lengua materna esté dominada por métodos de memorización y ejercicios de gramática del tipo “rellenar espacios”. Las formas de tratamiento escritas que se utilizan en contextos pedagógicos son únicamente el tú y el usted, a pesar de ser Nicaragua una zona voseante. El presente artículo pretenderá mostrar, a través de referencias a estudios sobre las formas de tratamiento en Nicaragua, análisis del uso de los tratamientos en la escritura, ejemplos de entrevistas de actitudes lingüísticas y de análisis de documentos pedagógicos, que hay una discrepancia entre la norma escrita y la norma hablada en cuanto a las formas de tratamiento tú y vos en Nicaragua. Esta discrepancia se puede explicar con las creencias en torno a las diferentes formas de tratamiento, pero también al revés: el uso contradictorio de parte de las autoridades educativas influirá en las creencias del pueblo en general acerca de las formas de tratamiento y así crece un clima de inseguridad de la corrección de su propia habla. En última instancia tal contradicción puede ser un obstáculo para la enseñanza de la lengua materna y el prestigio lingüístico del habla local.

  20. Substances bioactives élaborées par des cyanobactéries isolées de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les substances extracellulaires produites par les cyanobactéries étudiées ont aussi une activité antibactérienne vis-à-vis de M. luteus, Bacillus subtilis, Serratia marcescens, B. cereus, Escherichia coli 0128B12 et Staphylococcus aureus. Le biotest souris a permis de montrer que certaines cyanobactéries étudiées ...

  1. PENGGUNAAN RUMPUT LAUT SEBAGAI STABILIZER ES KRIM SUSU SARI KEDELAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aviani Violisa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The used of seaweed as stabilizing agent on the soymilk-based ice cream. The purpose of this study is to investigate the chemical, physical and organoleptic characteristics of soymilk-based ice cream, in which seaweed is used as a stabilizing agent. The results of this study showed that soymilk-based ice cream with seaweed at the concen­tration of 0.5% have the highest fat and protein contents, viscosity, and the longest melt-down rate. Ice cream with the concentration of 0.4% had the highest solid level, while the concentration of 0.3% produced the highest overrun of ice cream. For the hedonic-quality parameter, ice cream with the concentration of 0.5% had the highest of aroma score and soft texture, while at the concentra­tion of 0.3% had the highest sweet flavor. For the hedonic parameter, ice cream with the con­cen­tra­tion of 0.4% had the highest aroma and sweet flavor preference. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui sifat kimia, fisik, dan organoleptik es krim susu sari kedelai dengan rumput laut sebagai stabilizer. Hasil penelitian me­nunjukkan bahwa es krim susu sari kedelai dengan stabilizer rumput laut konsentrasi 0,5% memiliki kadar lemak tertinggi, kadar protein tertinggi, viskositas tertinggi, dan waktu meleleh paling lama. Es krim padatan tertinggi diperoleh dari stabilizer kon­sentrasi 0,4%. Overrun tertinggi terdapat pada es krim dengan stabilizer konsentrasi 0,3%. Hasil uji mutu hedonik, es krim dengan stabilizer konsentrasi 0,5% menghasil­kan aroma tertinggi dan tekstur paling lembut, sedangkan es krim dengan stabilizer 0,3% menghasilkan rasa termanis. Hasil uji hedonik, es krim dengan stabilizer kon­sen­trasi 0,4% memiliki nilai kesukaan aroma tertinggi dan kesukaan rasa tertinggi.

  2. EL CONCURSO DE ACREEDORES ES COSA DE HOMBRES

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro-Sánchez, Roberto Carlos

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos años es incuestionable el incremento en el número de empresas creadas o dirigidas por mujeres en España, cifra que actualmente está en el entorno del 23- 35% del global de empresas (Guzmán, Rodríguez, 2008). Este dato es muy significativo, si bien aún es muy bajo en comparación con otros países, sobre todo si tenemos en cuenta que las mujeres lo tienen mucho más difícil a la hora de montar sus empresas debido a las barreras de género existentes, provocadas por los roles asig...

  3. ES-RBE Event sequence reliability Benchmark exercise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poucet, A.E.J.

    1991-01-01

    The event Sequence Reliability Benchmark Exercise (ES-RBE) can be considered as a logical extension of the other three Reliability Benchmark Exercices : the RBE on Systems Analysis, the RBE on Common Cause Failures and the RBE on Human Factors. The latter, constituting Activity No. 1, was concluded by the end of 1987. The ES-RBE covered the techniques that are currently used for analysing and quantifying sequences of events starting from an initiating event to various plant damage states, including analysis of various system failures and/or successes, human intervention failure and/or success and dependencies between systems. By this way, one of the scopes of the ES-RBE was to integrate the experiences gained in the previous exercises

  4. ¿Es posible la transformación docente?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín de la Herrán Gascón

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un ensayo en torno a dos cuestiones fundamentales: si es posible la transformación docente y si tiene sentido una formación orientada más allá del conocimiento y la efectividad. Se construyó tras una acción formativa (Herrán, 2015b que tuvo lugar el 20 de junio de 2015 en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM, con directivos de escuelas y facultades de Informática y Computación. En aquella ocasión, la ponencia tenía por título: “¿Es posible la transformación docente? Más allá de la necesidad de efectividad en la gestión y de la apropiación del conocimiento”. El objetivo del ensayo es ahondar aún más en la formación pedagógica del profesorado universitario como un reto no sólo irresuelto, sino insuficiente y mal planteado, y generar controversia científica en este sentido. La metodología es dialéctica, hermenéutica, dialógica y destructiva de convicciones y certezas, obviamente con una última finalidad constructiva. Se recurre a una experiencia didáctica como hilo conductor explicativo. Las conclusiones apuntan a dos cuestiones: que la transformación docente sólo es posible o superficialmente o en la profundidad de la formación, que incluye planos y constructos inéditos o excluidos de la formación ordinaria del profesor universitario, y que si la formación no trasciende el conocimiento y la efectividad, no es tal.

  5. Zfp206 regulates ES cell gene expression and differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen; Walker, Emily; Tamplin, Owen J; Rossant, Janet; Stanford, William L; Hughes, Timothy R

    2006-01-01

    Understanding transcriptional regulation in early developmental stages is fundamental to understanding mammalian development and embryonic stem (ES) cell properties. Expression surveys suggest that the putative SCAN-Zinc finger transcription factor Zfp206 is expressed specifically in ES cells [Zhang,W., Morris,Q.D., Chang,R., Shai,O., Bakowski,M.A., Mitsakakis,N., Mohammad,N., Robinson,M.D., Zirngibl,R., Somogyi,E. et al., (2004) J. Biol., 3, 21; Brandenberger,R., Wei,H., Zhang,S., Lei,S., Murage,J., Fisk,G.J., Li,Y., Xu,C., Fang,R., Guegler,K. et al., (2004) Nat. Biotechnol., 22, 707-716]. Here, we confirm this observation, and we show that ZFP206 expression decreases rapidly upon differentiation of cultured mouse ES cells, and during development of mouse embryos. We find that there are at least six isoforms of the ZFP206 transcript, the longest being predominant. Overexpression and depletion experiments show that Zfp206 promotes formation of undifferentiated ES cell clones, and positively regulates abundance of a very small set of transcripts whose expression is also specific to ES cells and the two- to four-cell stages of preimplantation embryos. This set includes members of the Zscan4, Thoc4, Tcstv1 and eIF-1A gene families, none of which have been functionally characterized in vivo but whose members include apparent transcription factors, RNA-binding proteins and translation factors. Together, these data indicate that Zfp206 is a regulator of ES cell differentiation that controls a set of genes expressed very early in development, most of which themselves appear to be regulators.

  6. Adolescent Girls with illegally Induced Abortion in Dar es Salaam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasch, V; Silberschmidt, Margrethe; Mchumvu, Y

    2000-01-01

    that gave them the right to seek family planning services and in practice these services are not being provided. There is a need for youth-friendly family planning services and to make abortion safe and legal, in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and abortion-related complications and deaths among......This article reports on a study of induced abortion among adolescent girls in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, who were admitted to a district hospital in Dar es Salaam because of an illegally induced abortion in 1997. In the quantitative part of the study, 197 teenage girls (aged 14-19) were asked...

  7. High transfer cross sections from reactions with 254Es

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaedel, M.; Bruechle, W.; Bruegger, M.; Gaeggeler, H.; Moody, J.; Schardt, D.; Suemmerer, K.; Hulet, E.K.; Dougan, A.D.; Dougan, R.J.; Landrum, J.H.; Lougheed, R.W.; Wild, J.F.; O'Kelly, G.D.

    1985-08-01

    We report radiochemically determined cross sections for the heaviest known actinides produced in transfer reactions of 101 MeV 16 O, 98 MeV 18 O and 127 MeV 22 Ne with 254 Es as a target. A comparison with data for similar transfers from 248 Cm targets is made. Transfer cross sections are extrapolated for the production of unknown, neutron-rich isotopes of elements 101 through 105, and the unique potential of 254 Es as a target to make these exotic nuclei accessible is demonstrated. (orig.)

  8. La equidad no es mera declamación

    OpenAIRE

    Villamayor, Claudia

    2009-01-01

    Es de preocupación para las mujeres que participan de movimientos sociales y que trabajan en una lucha por sus derechos, que la futura Ley de comunicación audiovisual contemple en su redacción un enfoque de género. Impunemente, es muy común observar actitudes editoriales donde reina la homofobia, la xenofobia o la discriminación por discapacidades, por condiciones etáreas o por condición de credos. Una Ley de Servicios de Comunicación Audiovisual tiene que contemplar que los medios ...

  9. Specification Section 01065S ES&H for Service Contracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirsch, Greg C. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Section Includes: Requirements and guidelines in performance of work concerning protection of environment and property, and the safety and health of Contractors, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Department of Energy (DOE) employees, visitors to SNL, and members of the public. This Section is applicable only to Service Contracts that do not involve construction or construction-like activities. Construction and construction-like activities are covered by Section 01065, Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) for Construction Contracts. The entire ES&H program shall focus on safe-by-design intent, understanding the technical basis for the work, identifying and controlling energy sources, unacceptable consequences, risk assessments, and positive verification.

  10. (II) complexes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    activities of Schiff base tin (II) complexes. Neelofar1 ... Conclusion: All synthesized Schiff bases and their Tin (II) complexes showed high antimicrobial and ...... Singh HL. Synthesis and characterization of tin (II) complexes of fluorinated Schiff bases derived from amino acids. Spectrochim Acta Part A: Molec Biomolec.

  11. Feeding Dar es Salaam: a symbiotic food system perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegerif, Marc C.A.

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is a sociological analysis of the agri-food system that feeds most of the over four and a half million residents of the fast-growing city of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. It is based on qualitative research that has generated a picture of the food system that supplies the important foods

  12. SAChES: Scalable Adaptive Chain-Ensemble Sampling.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swiler, Laura Painton [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ray, Jaideep [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Ebeida, Mohamed Salah [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huang, Maoyi [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hou, Zhangshuan [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Bao, Jie [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Ren, Huiying [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2017-08-01

    We present the development of a parallel Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method called SAChES, Scalable Adaptive Chain-Ensemble Sampling. This capability is targed to Bayesian calibration of com- putationally expensive simulation models. SAChES involves a hybrid of two methods: Differential Evo- lution Monte Carlo followed by Adaptive Metropolis. Both methods involve parallel chains. Differential evolution allows one to explore high-dimensional parameter spaces using loosely coupled (i.e., largely asynchronous) chains. Loose coupling allows the use of large chain ensembles, with far more chains than the number of parameters to explore. This reduces per-chain sampling burden, enables high-dimensional inversions and the use of computationally expensive forward models. The large number of chains can also ameliorate the impact of silent-errors, which may affect only a few chains. The chain ensemble can also be sampled to provide an initial condition when an aberrant chain is re-spawned. Adaptive Metropolis takes the best points from the differential evolution and efficiently hones in on the poste- rior density. The multitude of chains in SAChES is leveraged to (1) enable efficient exploration of the parameter space; and (2) ensure robustness to silent errors which may be unavoidable in extreme-scale computational platforms of the future. This report outlines SAChES, describes four papers that are the result of the project, and discusses some additional results.

  13. vARIATIONS MENSUELLES DURANT TROIS ANNÉES DU ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , Université .... ont reçu une alimentation à base de pâturage de. Panicum maximum avec ... Variations mensuelles durant trois années du nombre de spermatozoïdes par éjaculat et des paramètres de spermocytogramme du sperme de bélier ...

  14. Coastal Marine Pollution in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) relative to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pollution surveys were undertaken during 2007 and 2008 in the coastal marine environment of Dar es Salaam and the remote Ras Dege Creek. The objective was to determine the levels of microbial contamination, heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants and compare these with the recommended environmental ...

  15. Invitation à soumettre des idées

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    fdieudonne

    et de politiques en vue de favoriser des systèmes alimentaires plus sains et de prévenir les maladies non ... ultra-transformées, qui sont pauvres sur le plan nutritionnel. ... aux prix, et restrictions en matière de marketing visant à augmenter la ...

  16. Side relvaliigi rollist kaitseväes / Villem Sedrik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sedrik, Villem

    2007-01-01

    Autor annab ülevaate siderelvaliigi arengust kaitseväes ning rõhutab lahinguolukorras erinevate võitlevate partnerite infosüsteemide koostöö ja infovahetuse tähtsust tänapäeval. Vt. ka Sõdur nr. 2 lk. 12-15. Vahur Parve. Kiirpilk sidepidamise ajalukku

  17. ES-cell derived hematopoietic cells induce transplantation tolerance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Bonde

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Bone marrow cells induce stable mixed chimerism under appropriate conditioning of the host, mediating the induction of transplantation tolerance. However, their strong immunogenicity precludes routine use in clinical transplantation due to the need for harsh preconditioning and the requirement for toxic immunosuppression to prevent rejection and graft-versus-host disease. Alternatively, embryonic stem (ES cells have emerged as a potential source of less immunogenic hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs. Up till now, however, it has been difficult to generate stable hematopoietic cells from ES cells. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we derived CD45(+ HPCs from HOXB4-transduced ES cells and showed that they poorly express MHC antigens. This property allowed their long-term engraftment in sublethally irradiated recipients across MHC barriers without the need for immunosuppressive agents. Although donor cells declined in peripheral blood over 2 months, low level chimerism was maintained in the bone marrow of these mice over 100 days. More importantly, chimeric animals were protected from rejection of donor-type cardiac allografts. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show, for the first time, the efficacy of ES-derived CD45(+ HPCs to engraft in allogenic recipients without the use of immunosuppressive agents, there by protecting cardiac allografts from rejection.

  18. Aloe; Beyond use as cosmetics | Pili | Dar Es Salaam Medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 15, No 1 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Aloe; Beyond use as cosmetics. K Pili. Abstract.

  19. Dar es Salaam City and Challenges in Solid Waste Management ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The focus of this paper is on challenges facing solid waste management in. Manzese and Sinza wards, in Dar es Salaam city. In this paper different ways of generating, disposing waste and the associated problems are surveyed. About 102 people were interviewed. Different methods were employed in data collection which ...

  20. Engineering geological mapping of Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two basic maps were prepared, namely, geomorphological and geological map depicts the spatial extent of the Neogene geological formations. Three distinct sandstone terraces could be distinguished in Dar es Salaam region at 0-15 m and 30 – 40 m above sea level. The terraces comprised sandstones fringed by coral ...

  1. Electrical stimulation (ES) in the management of sexual pain disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nappi, Rossella E; Ferdeghini, Francesea; Abbiati, Ileana; Vercesi, Claudia; Farina, Claudio; Polatti, Franco

    2003-01-01

    We performed an open study to investigate the use of electrical stimulation (ES) on the vestibular area and vaginal introitus in women with sexual pain disorders. We recruited 29 women (age range 20-45 years) from among the patients at our Reproductive Psychobiology Unit to participate in the present study. They each experienced vestibular pain, inducing dyspareunia and vaginism. We performed ES with an ECL43400 apparatus (Elite, EssediEsse srl, Milan, Italy) once a week for 10 weeks. To evaluate the muscular activity of the perineal floor and sexual function, we employed the same apparatus with a vaginal probe for recording myoelectrical activity (muV), we employed a VAS scale for evaluating pain, and we administered the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI; Rosen et al., 2000) before and after the study protocol. We analyzed data by parametric and nonparametric comparisons and correlations, as appropriate. Our major findings were as follows: (a) the contractile ability of pelvic floor muscles (p vaginism went back to coital activity; (d) FSFI pain score and the current intensity tolerated, both before (R = .59; p < 0.006) and at the end (R = .53; p < 0.02) of the stimulation protocol, positively correlated. ES may be effective in the management of sexual pain disorders. Further controlled studies are necessary to standardize stimulation protocols according to the severity of pain and to better clarify the long-term clinical effects of ES.

  2. ¿Es la asistencia sexual un derecho?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael De Asís Roig

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo voy a reflexionar sobre la cuestión de la asistencia sexual y su posible configuración como derecho. La contestación a la pregunta sobre si la asistencia sexual es un derecho puede variar dependiendo del marco en el que nos desenvolvamos. Así, podemos estar hablando desde un marco estrictamente jurídico, desde un marco ético, o desde un marco a caballo entre ambos como es el de los derechos humanos. A partir de aquí, la pregunta sobre si la asistencia sexual es un derecho dependerá de la pregunta sobre qué es la asistencia sexual. La justificación de la asistencia sexual en relación con personas que no pueden realizar actividad sexual sobre su propio cuerpo puede encontrar una justificación ética de la mano de la teoría de las necesidades o de la mano de las Actividades Básicas de la Vida Diaria, e igualmente puede formar parte de los derechos sexuales o del derecho a elegir una forma de vida.

  3. Heavy Metals and Organic Pollutants in Sediments of Dar es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Florida criteria (MacDonald 1993) for assessment of pollution of tropical marine sediments was adopted in oredr to evaluate the extent of pollution in Dar es Salaam harbour sediments. The Florida criteria is one of the established references for sediment quality assessment. Heavy metals that had concentrations above ...

  4. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Commercial Drivers in Dar es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: The objective of this study was, first, to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of commercial drivers in Dar es Salaam with regard to medicines that impair driving, and second, to evaluate the adequacy of antihistamine label information. Methods: Drivers were interviewed using a questionnaire after obtaining ...

  5. Community violence in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: A mixed methods ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Most homicide deaths in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (DSM) are a result of violence arising from within the community. This type of violence is commonly called, by perpetrators and victims, “mob justice”. Unilateral non-state collective violence can take four forms: lynching, vigilantism, rioting, and terrorism. The purpose of this ...

  6. Accessibility, Congestion and Travel Delays in Dar es Salaam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melbye, Dea Christine; Møller-Jensen, Lasse; Andreasen, Manja Hoppe

    2015-01-01

    on to present a review of research into travel speed levels and congestion in Dar es Salaam. A set of city-wide maps of accessibility and delay levels are constructed based on available speed data and road network data obtained from the OpenStreetMap project and the findings are discussed with respect...

  7. OpenGL ES 3.0 cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Parminder

    2015-01-01

    If you are new to OpenGL ES or have some experience in 3D graphics, then this book will be extremely helpful in raising your expertise level from a novice to professional. The book implements more than 90 recipes to solve everyday challenges, helping you transition from a beginner to a professional.

  8. Communication complexity and information complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankratov, Denis

    Information complexity enables the use of information-theoretic tools in communication complexity theory. Prior to the results presented in this thesis, information complexity was mainly used for proving lower bounds and direct-sum theorems in the setting of communication complexity. We present three results that demonstrate new connections between information complexity and communication complexity. In the first contribution we thoroughly study the information complexity of the smallest nontrivial two-party function: the AND function. While computing the communication complexity of AND is trivial, computing its exact information complexity presents a major technical challenge. In overcoming this challenge, we reveal that information complexity gives rise to rich geometrical structures. Our analysis of information complexity relies on new analytic techniques and new characterizations of communication protocols. We also uncover a connection of information complexity to the theory of elliptic partial differential equations. Once we compute the exact information complexity of AND, we can compute exact communication complexity of several related functions on n-bit inputs with some additional technical work. Previous combinatorial and algebraic techniques could only prove bounds of the form theta( n). Interestingly, this level of precision is typical in the area of information theory, so our result demonstrates that this meta-property of precise bounds carries over to information complexity and in certain cases even to communication complexity. Our result does not only strengthen the lower bound on communication complexity of disjointness by making it more exact, but it also shows that information complexity provides the exact upper bound on communication complexity. In fact, this result is more general and applies to a whole class of communication problems. In the second contribution, we use self-reduction methods to prove strong lower bounds on the information

  9. [Cross-cultural adaptation to the European Portuguese of the questionnaire "Patient Knowledge about their Medications" (CPM-ES-ES)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmerón Rubio, Joaquín; Iglésias-Ferreira, Paula; García Delgado, Pilar; Mateus-Santos, Henrique; Martínez-Martínez, Fernando

    2013-12-01

    The scope of this work is to conduct the cross-cultural adaptation from Spanish to European Portuguese of a questionnaire to measure the degree of "Patient Knowledge about their Medications" (CPM-ES-ES). A method based on six steps was applied: 1. Translation into Portuguese, 2. Elaboration of the first consensus version in Portuguese; 3.Back-translation into Spanish; 4. Elaboration of the second consensus version (cultural equivalency); 5. Conducting the pre-test; 6. Evaluation of the overall results. A cross-culturally adapted questionnaire in European Portuguese that measures the degree of "Patient Knowledge about their Medications" is proposed. The pre-test confirmation obtained 100% agreement with the corrected version of the second consensus version after pre-testing. The methodology selected made it possible to cross-culturally adapt the Spanish version of the CPM-ES-ES questionnaire to the Portuguese version. Further studies should demonstrate the equivalence of the psychometric properties of the cross-cultural translation into Portuguese with the original version.

  10. Complexity Plots

    KAUST Repository

    Thiyagalingam, Jeyarajan

    2013-06-01

    In this paper, we present a novel visualization technique for assisting the observation and analysis of algorithmic complexity. In comparison with conventional line graphs, this new technique is not sensitive to the units of measurement, allowing multivariate data series of different physical qualities (e.g., time, space and energy) to be juxtaposed together conveniently and consistently. It supports multivariate visualization as well as uncertainty visualization. It enables users to focus on algorithm categorization by complexity classes, while reducing visual impact caused by constants and algorithmic components that are insignificant to complexity analysis. It provides an effective means for observing the algorithmic complexity of programs with a mixture of algorithms and black-box software through visualization. Through two case studies, we demonstrate the effectiveness of complexity plots in complexity analysis in research, education and application. © 2013 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2013 The Eurographics Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  11. ¿El beber café es salud?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Del Rosario Alvarez-Ramirez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El café es una bebida universal responsable de levantar a muchos cada mañana. El uso continuo de bebidas con cafeína también produce efectos a largo plazo. Los cuales aumentan su riesgo a 120% si bebe diariamente 6 o más tazas de café. La cafeína también puede causar úlceras en el estómago, producir alergias, insomnios, irritabilidad, palpitaciones, fiebre y otros síntomas como: aumentar los niveles de noradrenalina (neurotransmisor que produce un estado de alerta. Por las mismas razones que el café aumenta el estado de alerta y estimula el rendimiento mental, una taza de café es una forma ideal de comenzar el día.

  12. Les crises soudanaises des années 80

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Medani M.; al-Shazali, Salah al-Din; al-Shazali, Salah al-Din; al-Shazali, Salah al-Din; al-Shazali, Salah al-Din; Al-Tom, Abdulahi Osman; Babiker, Mustafa; Babiker, Mustafa; Blin, Louis; Conte, Édouard; Elmekki, Abdelgalil M.; Gore, Paul W.; Hamid, Mohammed Beshir; Ireton, François; Jacquemond, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Ce dossier est constitué, dans sa quasi-totalité, de contributions de chercheurs et universitaires soudanais proposant une analyse de certains des problèmes cruciaux que leur pays a connus depuis le début des années 80. Les articles qui le composent correspondent aux communications qui devaient initialement être présentées lors d’un colloque portant sur le même thème, prévu à Paris pour décembre 1991 et qui n'a pu avoir lieu du fait de l’impossibilité où se trouvaient certains de ses particip...

  13. An adaptive ES with a ranking based constraint handling strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusakci Ali Osman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To solve a constrained optimization problem, equality constraints can be used to eliminate a problem variable. If it is not feasible, the relations imposed implicitly by the constraints can still be exploited. Most conventional constraint handling methods in Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs do not consider the correlations between problem variables imposed by the constraints. This paper relies on the idea that a proper search operator, which captures mentioned implicit correlations, can improve performance of evolutionary constrained optimization algorithms. To realize this, an Evolution Strategy (ES along with a simplified Covariance Matrix Adaptation (CMA based mutation operator is used with a ranking based constraint-handling method. The proposed algorithm is tested on 13 benchmark problems as well as on a real life design problem. The outperformance of the algorithm is significant when compared with conventional ES-based methods.

  14. Coherent structures in the Es layer and neutral middle atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mošna, Zbyšek; Knížová, Petra Koucká; Potužníková, Kateřina

    2015-12-01

    The present paper shows results from the summer campaign performed during geomagnetically quiet period from June 1 to August 31, 2009. Within time-series of stratospheric and mesospheric temperatures at pressure levels 10-0.1 hPa, mesospheric winds measured in Collm, Germany, and the sporadic E-layer parameters foEs and hEs measured at the Pruhonice station we detected specific coherent wave-bursts in planetary wave domain. Permanent wave-like activity is observed in all analyzed data sets. However, the number of wave-like structures persistent in large range of height from the stratosphere to lower ionosphere is limited. The only coherent modes that are detected on consequent levels of the atmosphere are those corresponding to eigenmodes of planetary waves.

  15. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  16. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CERES:CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  17. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  18. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF ( CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2006-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  19. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  20. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  1. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  2. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  3. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF ( CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2006-09-30] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  4. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  5. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF ( CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  6. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) in HDF (CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Regional Averages (ES-9) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-9 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. All instantaneous shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-8 product for a month are sorted by 2.5-degree spatial regions, by day number, and by the local hour of observation. The mean of the instantaneous fluxes for a given region-day-hour bin is determined and recorded on the ES-9 along with other flux statistics and scene information. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The ES-9 also contains hourly average fluxes for the month and an overall monthly average for each region. These average fluxes are given for both clear-sky and total-sky scenes. The following CERES ES9 data sets are currently available: CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES9_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES9_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES9_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES9_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost

  7. Les mosquées ibadites du Maghreb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Prevost

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Les mosquées ibadites du Mzab, de Djerba et du djebel Nafûsa partagent plusieurs caractéristiques communes, la plus importante étant la multiplication des mihrabs et des lieux de prière extérieurs à la salle. Les mosquées mozabites se distinguent plus particulièrement par leur haut minaret de type saharien et par leur respect absolu de deux particularités ibadites, l’absence de minbar et le refus de toute forme de décoration. Quant au djebel Nafûsa et à Djerba, ils présentent des mosquées assez semblables, très modestes et parfois souterraines, dont le minaret, s’il existe, adopte des styles très diversifiés. Certaines salles de prière portent le traditionnel décor géométrique berbère. Les mosquées djerbiennes, dont l’architecture est intrinsèquement liée à l’insularité, sont spécialement intéressantes par leur intégration au système défensif de l’île, par la diversité des décors ajoutés tardivement et surtout par la fréquence du minaret-escalier qui a été conservé au travers des siècles.

  8. Coherent structures in the Es layer and neutral middle atmosphere

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mošna, Zbyšek; Koucká Knížová, Petra; Potužníková, Kateřina

    136 B, December (2015), s. 155-162 ISSN 1364-6826 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-24688S; GA ČR(CZ) GAP209/12/2440 Institutional support: RVO:68378289 Keywords : critical frequency foEs * mesospheric temperature * mesospheric winds * planetary waves * Rossby mode * sporadic layer * stratospheric temperature Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology Impact factor: 1.463, year: 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364682615001273

  9. What is effective is fair Lo eficaz es justo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Mouël Jacques

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available In this text, which comes from Chapter 3 of his book, Jacques Le Mouel completes the philosophical reflection about the entrepreneurial myth of effectiveness founded in the sophism: "What is effective is true. What is true is faie. Therefore, what is effective is fair". The fact that management is elevated to the category of paradigm for the economic model of Western society and the collapse of the economies of the East has led to neglect that, now, we ourselves are the modelo His analysis of the supposed neutrality of science and of the differences between ethics and morality, in the framework of the firm and its relations with society, lead him to conclude that it is not true that what is effective is fair, and that the firm cannot serve as a model for contemporary society, since the end does not justify the means.En este texto, que corresponde al capitulo 3 de su libro, Jaques Le Mouël completa la reflexión filosófica sobre el mito empresarial de la eficacia funadado en el sofisma: "Lo eficaz es verdadero. Lo verdadero es justo. Luego, lo eficaz es justo". El hecho de elevar la administración a la categoría de paradigma del modelo económico de la sociedad occidental y el hundimiento de las economías del Este han llevado a ignorar que, ahora, el modelo somos nosotros mismos. Su análisis de la pretendida neutralidad de la ciencia y las diferencias entre ética y moral, en el marco de la empresa y en sus relaciones con la sociedad, lo lleva a concluir que no es cierto que lo eficaz sea justo y que la empresa no puede servir de modelo a la sociedad contemporánea, pues el fin no justifica los medios.

  10. POLITIQUES ÉCLAIRÉES Des politiques judicieuses favorisent le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La valeur des travaux de recherche que le CRDI subventionne depuis 1970 réside dans les améliorations apportées aux conditions de vie. Ces travaux entraînent des changements dans les lois et les attitudes; par example, ils permettent aux pauvres de se faire entendre, augmentent les ressources financières et rendent ...

  11. Conception de bases de données avec UML

    CERN Document Server

    Roy, Gilles

    2007-01-01

    De l'analyse à la conception, cet ouvrage accorde une importance prédominante au modèle conceptuel de données et propose des règles, des techniques, des astuces et des mises en garde qui doivent guider le modélisateur dans la réalisation d'un bon modèle conceptuel.

  12. A Browning process : The case of Dar es Salaam city

    OpenAIRE

    Mng'ong'o, Othmar Simtali

    2005-01-01

    The study is about how green spaces and structures of Dar es Salaam city, quantitatively and qualitatively, are browning out. It also tries to explore the different reasons behind the browning tendency, and what it means to the function of the city and to the daily form of life of the inhabitants. Finally there is a discussion about how to counteract the tendency by involving the inhabitants in planning procedures following the communicative approach to planning. The main investigations have ...

  13. [History of the Journées Dermatologiques de Paris].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilles, G

    2013-12-01

    Founded in 1801 at the Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, under Jean-Louis Alibert, the French School of Dermatology was initially structured around the French Society of Dermatology (1889) and the organization of two world congresses (Paris 1889, 1900). After World War I, the creation of dermatological societies in the provinces infused French dermatology with new energy. In 1922, the first congress of the French-speaking dermatologists further contributed to the public profile of dermatologists in France. The "Journées de Mars" were initiated in 1961 at the Hôpital Saint-Louis, and in 1975 they went on to become the "Journées dermatologiques de Paris". Pr. Jean Civatte played a key role in their creation and in their organization for 30 years. After 1979, since actual patients could no longer be presented, the organizers of the congress had to change the content of the meeting from clinical presentations to post-graduate teaching and clinical research. From its origins in the form of meetings of French dermatologists in an intimate setting at the Hôpital Saint-Louis, the "Journées dermatologiques de Paris" grew within the ensuing decades into a major scientific event of the French-speaking dermatological community, bringing together more than 4000 participants in December each year. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Analizadores Multilingües en FreeLing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Padró

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available FreeLing es una librería de código abierto para el procesamiento multilíngüe automático, que proporciona una amplia gama de servicios de análisis lingüístico para diversos idiomas. FreeLing ofrece a los desarrolladores de aplicaciones de Procesamiento del Lenguaje Natural funciones de análisis y anotación lingüística de textos, con la consiguiente reducción del coste de construcción de dichas aplicaciones. FreeLing es personalizable y ampliable, y está fuertemente orientado a aplicaciones del mundo real en términos de velocidad y robustez. Los desarrolladores pueden utilizar los recursos lingüísticos por defecto (diccionarios, lexicones, gramáticas, etc, ampliarlos, adaptarlos a dominios particulares, o –dado que la librería es de código abierto– desarrollar otros nuevos para idiomas específicos o necesidades especiales de las aplicaciones. Este artículo presenta los principales cambios y mejoras incluidos en la versión 3.0 de FreeLing, y resume algunos proyectos industriales relevantes en los que se ha utilizado.

  15. Solar Energy Grid Integration Systems -- Energy Storage (SEGIS-ES).

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanley, Charles J.; Ton, Dan T. (U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.); Boyes, John D.; Peek, Georgianne Huff

    2008-07-01

    This paper describes the concept for augmenting the SEGIS Program (an industry-led effort to greatly enhance the utility of distributed PV systems) with energy storage in residential and small commercial applications (SEGIS-ES). The goal of SEGIS-ES is to develop electrical energy storage components and systems specifically designed and optimized for grid-tied PV applications. This report describes the scope of the proposed SEGIS-ES Program and why it will be necessary to integrate energy storage with PV systems as PV-generated energy becomes more prevalent on the nation's utility grid. It also discusses the applications for which energy storage is most suited and for which it will provide the greatest economic and operational benefits to customers and utilities. Included is a detailed summary of the various storage technologies available, comparisons of their relative costs and development status, and a summary of key R&D needs for PV-storage systems. The report concludes with highlights of areas where further PV-specific R&D is needed and offers recommendations about how to proceed with their development.

  16. Complexity Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, William H K.

    2016-01-01

    A complex system consists of many interacting parts, generates new collective behavior through self organization, and adaptively evolves through time. Many theories have been developed to study complex systems, including chaos, fractals, cellular automata, self organization, stochastic processes, turbulence, and genetic algorithms.

  17. Karakteristik Es Krim Bengkuang Dengan Menggunakan Beberapa Jenis Susu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Failisnur Failisnur

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ice cream is a frozen dairy solid product with the addition of other materials that are made through the process of freezing and agitation. The principle of its making to form a cavity of air in the mixture of ice cream ingredients to produce a volume that made the development of the ice cream into a lighter, less dense and has a soft texture. The purposed of the research to see influence the use of a variety of milk to the physical properties, chemical properties and organoleptic to the bengkoang ice cream produced. Research carried out by treatment type of milk used that were fullcream milk, sweetened condensed milk, soy milk powder, green bean powder, and soy milk liquid. The ice cream produced was tested the physics of overrun and melting speed, chemical analysis of protein content, fat and organoleptic of taste and texture. Research results showed that the best treatment was the use of soy milk powder where the value of overrun 37.2%, melting speed 10.1 minutes, protein content 6.9%, fat 13.08%, and organoleptic of  taste and texture was preferred.ABSTRAKEs krim merupakan produk olahan susu beku berbentuk padat dengan penambahan  bahan lain yang dibuat melalui proses pembekuan dan agitasi.  Prinsip pembuatan es krim adalah membentuk suatu rongga udara pada campuran bahan-bahan es krim sehingga dihasilkan pengembangan volume yang membuat es krim menjadi lebih ringan, tidak terlalu padat dan mempunyai tekstur yang lembut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melihat pengaruh dari penggunaan beberapa jenis susu terhadap sifat fisik, kimia dan organoleptik es krim bengkuang yang dihasilkan.  Penelitian dilakukan dengan perlakuan  penggunaan susu fullcream, susu kental manis, susu kedelai bubuk, kacang hijau bubuk, dan susu kedelai cair.  Es krim yang dihasilkan dilakukan uji fisika overrun dan kecepatan meleleh, analisis kimia kadar protein, lemak dan uji organoleptik rasa dan tekstur. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan susu kedelai

  18. Control of complex systems

    CERN Document Server

    Albertos, Pedro; Blanke, Mogens; Isidori, Alberto; Schaufelberger, Walter; Sanz, Ricardo

    2001-01-01

    The world of artificial systems is reaching complexity levels that es­ cape human understanding. Surface traffic, electricity distribution, air­ planes, mobile communications, etc. , are examples that demonstrate that we are running into problems that are beyond classical scientific or engi­ neering knowledge. There is an ongoing world-wide effort to understand these systems and develop models that can capture its behavior. The reason for this work is clear, if our lack of understanding deepens, we will lose our capability to control these systems and make they behave as we want. Researchers from many different fields are trying to understand and develop theories for complex man-made systems. This book presents re­ search from the perspective of control and systems theory. The book has grown out of activities in the research program Control of Complex Systems (COSY). The program has been sponsored by the Eu­ ropean Science Foundation (ESF) which for 25 years has been one of the leading players in stimula...

  19. Neoplasmas da tireoide em cães: 26 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Tochetto

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Foram revisados os protocolos de biópsias e necropsias do Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (LPV/UFSM entre 2004 e 2014, e todos os casos de tumores que acometeram a glândula tireoide foram selecionados. A partir disso, foram anotados sexo, idade e raça dos cães afetados. Também foi avaliado o significado clínico dos tumores, presença de aumento de volume cervical, lobos afetados, tamanho dos tumores, presença e localização de metástases e padrão histológico dos neoplasmas. Nos 11 anos que compreenderam este estudo, foram diagnosticados 26 tumores de glândula tireoide (quatro eram provenientes de exames de biópsias e 22 de necropsias, 53,9% dos cães eram fêmeas e 46,1% eram machos; 65,4% eram cães com raça definida. Desses, Boxers foram os mais afetados (15,4% dos casos. Dos 23 protocolos em que a idade foi informada, 60,9% dos cães eram idosos e 39,1% eram adultos. A avaliação dos protocolos permitiu constatar que 38,5% dos animais haviam apresentado aumento de volume cervical no momento do exame clínico. Dos cães necropsiados 13,6% morreram ou foram submetidos à eutanásia em decorrência de complicações causadas por metástases dos tumores de tireoide. Dessa forma, em 86,4% dos cães, os neoplasmas foram considerados achados incidentais de necropsia. Nos quatro casos provenientes de material de biópsia, o desfecho não foi conhecido. Em nenhum cão os tumores causaram síndrome clínica devido à hipo ou hiperfunção da tireoide. Em 24 protocolos havia informação sobre os lobos afetados e 75% dos cães tiveram acometimento unilateral da glândula. Os diagnósticos histológicos dos tumores permitiram constatar que 16 (61,5% neoplasmas eram carcinomas de células foliculares (nesses casos, o padrão folicular-compacto foi o mais frequente [43,75%], seis (23,1% eram adenomas de células foliculares, dois (7,7% eram carcinossarcomas e dois (7,7% eram tumores de c

  20. Lo que es dentro es fuera. Arteterapia con una niña en Régimen de Acogimiento Residencial

    OpenAIRE

    Rosario Macías, Marta del

    2014-01-01

    La investigación que se presenta a continuación “Lo que es dentro es fuera”, muestra un estudio con caso de corte cualitativo, abordado tras una intervención arteterapéutica adaptada a una niña de edad preescolar que se encuentra en Régimen de Acogimiento Residencial. Este texto pretende aportar una visión holística de la experiencia que nace a raíz de una conducta disruptiva, y de cómo a través de las sesiones de arteterapia y la influencia de su espacio simbólico enmarcado en unos límite...

  1. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  2. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  3. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  4. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  5. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  6. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2000-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  7. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2003-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  8. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  9. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  10. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  11. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2006-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  12. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2002-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  13. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-10-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  14. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  15. CERES ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) in HDF (CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ERBE-like Monthly Geographical Averages (ES-4) product contains a month of space and time averaged Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data for a single scanner instrument. The ES-4 is also produced for combinations of scanner instruments. For each observed 2.5-degree spatial region, the daily average, the hourly average over the month, and the overall monthly average of shortwave and longwave fluxes at the Top-of-the-Atmosphere (TOA) from the CERES ES-9 product are spatially nested up from 2.5-degree regions to 5- and 10-degree regions, to 2.5-, 5-, and 10-degree zonal averages, and to global monthly averages. For each nested area, the albedo and net flux are given. For each region, the daily average flux is estimated from an algorithm that uses the available hourly data, scene identification data, and diurnal models. This algorithm is 'like' the algorithm used for the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE). The following CERES ES4 data sets are currently available: CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES4_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_FM1+FM2+FM3+FM4_Edition1 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM3_Edition2 CER_ES4_FM1+FM4_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM1_Edition2 CER_ES4_PFM+FM2_Edition2 CER_ES4_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES4_Terra-FM2_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1998-01-01; Stop_Date=2005-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Latitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Longitude_Resolution=2.5 degree; Horizontal

  16. ¿Qué es la CIE y por qué es importante en la psicología?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey M. Reed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La Clasificación Internacional de las Enfermedades (CIE de la Organización Mundial de Salud (OMS es muy poco conocida en el ámbito de la psicología en España, y existe la falsa percepción de que su importancia es escasa en el campo de la salud mental. El propósito de este artículo es familiarizar a los psicólogos y otros profesionales en salud mental con el sistema de clasificación CIE, algo especialmente relevante al encontrarse actualmente en proceso de revisión. La OMS está haciendo un gran esfuerzo para crear una clasificación de trastornos mentales global, multicultural y multidisciplinar, centrándose en mejorar su utilidad clínica. Además, en la actual revisión de la CIE, la OMS ha adoptado el español como segunda lengua de trabajo, lo que da una gran oportunidad a los profesionales de la salud mental de España y otros países hispanohablantes de implicarse activamente en el desarrollo de la próxima versión de la clasificación. Es importante que los psicólogos de países hispanohablantes conozcan la CIE y entiendan los grandes beneficios que pueden aportarles su conocimiento y utilización para integrarse plenamente como profesión sanitaria oficial, así como para equipararse en la práctica de la psicología al resto de Europa y de todo el mundo en términos de diagnóstico y clasificación de los trastornos mentales.

  17. Approches de l'utilisation des eaux usées urbaines dans l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Ils proposent une classification des différents types d'eaux usées (directes, indirectes, traitées, non traitées, dirigées et non dirigées), soulignent combien il est nécessaire d'utiliser une approche fondée sur les moyens de subsistance et ciblée sur les agriculteurs, insistent sur des directives pragmatiques ...

  18. Managing Complexity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maylath, Bruce; Vandepitte, Sonia; Minacori, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    and into French. The complexity of the undertaking proved to be a central element in the students' learning, as the collaboration closely resembles the complexity of international documentation workplaces of language service providers. © Association of Teachers of Technical Writing.......This article discusses the largest and most complex international learning-by-doing project to date- a project involving translation from Danish and Dutch into English and editing into American English alongside a project involving writing, usability testing, and translation from English into Dutch...

  19. Complex variables

    CERN Document Server

    Fisher, Stephen D

    1999-01-01

    The most important topics in the theory and application of complex variables receive a thorough, coherent treatment in this introductory text. Intended for undergraduates or graduate students in science, mathematics, and engineering, this volume features hundreds of solved examples, exercises, and applications designed to foster a complete understanding of complex variables as well as an appreciation of their mathematical beauty and elegance. Prerequisites are minimal; a three-semester course in calculus will suffice to prepare students for discussions of these topics: the complex plane, basic

  20. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2005-03-29] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  1. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-01-01] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  2. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2006-09-30] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  3. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2005-11-01] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  4. CERES ERBE-like Instantaneous TOA Estimates (ES-8) in HDF (CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wielicki, Bruce A. (Principal Investigator)

    The ES-8 archival data product contains a 24-hour, single-satellite, instantaneous view of scanner fluxes at the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reduced from spacecraft altitude unfiltered radiances using Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner Inversion algorithms and the ERBE shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) Angular Distribution Models (ADMs). The ES-8 also includes the total (TOT), SW, LW, and window (WN) channel radiometric data; SW, LW, and WN unfiltered radiance values; and the ERBE scene identification for each measurement. These data are organized according to the CERES 3.3-second scan into 6.6-second records. As long as there is one valid scanner measurement within a record, the ES-8 record will be generated. The following CERES ES8 data sets are currently available: CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition1 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Edition2 CER_ES8_TRMM-PFM_Transient-Ops2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition1 CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition2 CER_ES8_Terra-FM2_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition2 CER_ES8_Aqua-FM3_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Aqua-FM4_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV CER_ES8_Terra-FM1_Edition1-CV. [Location=GLOBAL] [Temporal_Coverage: Start_Date=1997-12-27; Stop_Date=2005-12-31] [Spatial_Coverage: Southernmost_Latitude=-90; Northernmost_Latitude=90; Westernmost_Longitude=-180; Easternmost_Longitude=180] [Data_Resolution: Temporal_Resolution=1 day; Temporal_Resolution_Range=Daily - < Weekly].

  5. Ingénierie systèmes basée sur les modèles appliquée à la gestion et l'intégration des données de conception et de simulation : application aux métiers d'intégration et de simulation de systèmes aéronautiques complexes

    OpenAIRE

    Vosgien , Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this doctoral thesis is to contribute to the facilitation of design, integration and simulation activities in the aeronautics industry, but more generally in the context of collaborative complex product development. This objective is expected to be achieved through the use and improvement of digital engineering capabilities. During the last decade, the Digital Mock-Up (DMU) – supported by Product Data Management (PDM) systems – became a key federating environment to exchange/share ...

  6. Softball Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Jim

    1977-01-01

    The Parks and Recreation Department of Montgomery, Alabama, has developed a five-field softball complex as part of a growing community park with facilities for camping, golf, aquatics, tennis, and picnicking. (MJB)

  7. Lecithin Complex

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1Department of Food Science and Engineering, Xinyang College of Agriculture and ... Results: The UV and IR spectra of the complex showed an additive effect of polydatin-lecithin, in which .... Monochromatic Cu Ka radiation (wavelength =.

  8. ¿Es posible enseñar emprendimiento?

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Molina, Catalina; Jaramillo Ángel, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    El emprendimiento se ha convertido en una de las principales oportunidades de desarrollo económico para los países subdesarrollados debido a su capacidad de innovación y generación de empleo; por eso, en años recientes gobiernos, grandes corporaciones y universidades han revisado desde diferentes visiones y programas la manera de fomentar y apoyar a los emprendedores como parte del tejido empresarial y social -- En Colombia, el Congreso expidió la ley 1014 de 2006 con el fin de fomentar el es...

  9. ¿Es el lugar de apego un lugar restaurador?

    OpenAIRE

    Hidalgo-Villodres, María del Carmen; Hernández, Bernardo; Ruiz, Cristina; Negrín, Fátima

    2014-01-01

    La investigación sobre apego al lugar ha puesto de manifiesto la importancia que tienen los ambientes residenciales en el desarrollo de fuertes vínculos afectivos hacia algunos ambientes con los que interactuamos en nuestra vida diaria. Podemos definir el apego al lugar como el vínculo afectivo positivo entre un individuo y un determinado lugar, cuya principal característica es la tendencia a mantener la proximidad con ese lugar (Hidalgo y Hernández, 2001). Hasta el momento, el apego al lugar...

  10. ¿Qué es una onda ecuatorial de Kelvin?

    OpenAIRE

    Ripa, P.

    1980-01-01

    La importancia del estudio de las ondas de Kelvin (ecuatoriales o costeras) radica, en parte, en el hecho de que éstas proveen un mecanismo eficaz para el transporte de energía (en la forma de perturbaciones de densidad y corriente) en una dirección particular. Estas señales se trasladan sin dispersión, es decir, sin cambiar de forma. Por otra parte, una onda de Kelvin provee un ejemplo muy sencillo de dos fenómenos fundamentales de la Oceanografía Física de frecuencias: el balance geostrófic...

  11. Mirar l'aula com es mira una imatge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Beneyto Ruiz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En aquest article es proposa una metodologia d'aproximació a l'aula entenent-la a través del concepte d'imatge tal com ho contemplen els Estudis Visuals. Al llarg de tot el desenvolupament vaig apropant el concepte d'imatge i el concepte d'aula creant vincles entre un i altre. Si la imatge no és una estructura sinó un estructurant, l'aula és, igualment, un espai de construcció contínua on cada element i cada relació compten.

  12. Maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanborn, Margaret; Takaro, Tim

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Passer en revue les facteurs de risque, la prise en charge et la prévention des maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques en pratique familiale. Sources des données Des articles originaux et de synthèse entre janvier 1998 et février 2012 ont été identifiés à l’aide de PubMed et des expressions de recherche en anglais water-related illness, recreational water illness et swimmer illness. Message principal Il y a un risque de 3 % à 8 % de maladies gastrointestinales (MGI) après la baignade. Les groupes à risque élevé de MGI sont les enfants de moins de 5 ans, surtout s’ils n’ont pas été vaccinés contre le rotavirus, les personnes âgées et les patients immunodéficients. Les enfants sont à plus grand risque parce qu’ils avalent plus d’eau quand ils nagent, restent dans l’eau plus longtemps et jouent dans l’eau peu profonde et le sable qui sont plus contaminés. Les adeptes des sports dans lesquels le contact avec l’eau est abondant comme le triathlon et le surf cerf-volant sont aussi à risque élevé et même ceux qui s’adonnent à des activités impliquant un contact partiel avec l’eau comme la navigation de plaisance et la pêche ont un risque de 40 % à 50 % fois plus grand de MGI par rapport à ceux qui ne pratiquent pas de sports aquatiques. Il y a lieu de faire une culture des selles quand on soupçonne une maladie reliée aux loisirs aquatiques et l’échelle clinique de la déshydratation est utile pour l’évaluation des besoins de traitement chez les enfants affectés. Conclusion Les maladies reliées aux loisirs aquatiques est la principale cause de MGI durant la saison des baignades. La reconnaissance que la baignade est une source importante de maladies peut aider à prévenir les cas récurrents et secondaires. On recommande fortement le vaccin contre le rotavirus chez les enfants qui se baignent souvent.

  13. ¿la responsabilidad es solo de los medios?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blasco Fernando Checa Montúfar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La información ambiental y, la generación de una opinión pública favorable a la causa, es ¿responsabilidad exclusiva de los medios y periodistas?, ¿Son éstos los únicos que deben obtener información, procesarla y presentarle adecuadamente al público?, ¿De ellos depende la optimización de flujos informativos sobre el medio ambiente, en todas las instancias del proceso que ese flujo implica? Estas interrogantes son analizadas en base a un breve diagnóstico realizado por los organismos ambientalistas del Ecuador.

  14. Feeding Dar es Salaam: a symbiotic food system perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Wegerif, Marc C.A.

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is a sociological analysis of the agri-food system that feeds most of the over four and a half million residents of the fast-growing city of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. It is based on qualitative research that has generated a picture of the food system that supplies the important foods for the majority of residents of the city. The research took an actor orientated approach and started from urban eaters and then followed the food back through retailers, processors and transporters ...

  15. Dioctofimose em cães: 16 casos Dioctophymosis in dogs: 16 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaucia Denise Kommers

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available No período de 1978 a 1996, de um total de 3.259 cães necropsiados, 16 (0,49% apresentaram parasitismo por Dioctophyma renale. Desses, 12 (75% eram cães de rua. Em 13 cães (81, 2%, um ou vários parasitas localizavam-se no rim direito. Em 3 casos (18,7%, o parasita foi observado na cavidade abdominal. Nos casos de parasitismo renal, observou-se acentuada atrofia do parênquima, transformando o rim numa bolsa fibrosa contendo o parasita em meio a exsudato necro-hemorrágico semilíquido. Foi observada hipertrofia renal compensatória contralateral em 5 casos. O ciclo evolutivo de D. renale é complexo e incompletamente entendido. Envolve um hospedeiro intermediário e hospedeiros paratênicos. A alta ocorrência da doença em cães de rua sugere que a infecção seja relacionada aos hábitos alimentares pouco seletivos desses animais.From 1978 to 1996, out of a total of 3,259 dogs necropsied, sixteen (0.49% were parasitized by Dioctophyma renale. Twelve of those (75% were stray dogs. Thirteen dogs (81.2% presented one or more specimens of D. renale in the right kidney. In three dogs (18.7%, the parasite was observed in the abdominal cavity. In those cases of renal parasitism, there was marked atrophy of the kidney which became a fibrous-walled bag within which the parasite was found imersed in a semiliquid necro-hemorrhagic exudate. In five cases, compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney was observed. The life cycle of D. renale is complex and not fully understood. It envolves intermediate and parathenic hosts. The high incidence of the disease in stray dog suggests that the infection is related to the poor selective feeding habits of this kind of dog.

  16. ¿Qué es el Open Journal System?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia I. Osorio Curbelo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué es el Open Journal System (OJS? Es un  software de código abierto. ¿Qué significa  “Código Abierto“? El acceso abierto (en inglés, open access es el acceso inmediato, sin requerimientos de registro, suscripción o pago, es decir sin restricciones, a material digital educativo, académico, científico o de cualquier otro tipo, principalmente artículos de investigación científica de revistas especializadas con peer review (revisión por pares. Significa que cualquier usuario individual pueda leer, descargar, copiar, distribuir, imprimir, buscar o enlazar los textos completos de los artículos científicos, y usarlos con cualquier otro propósito legítimo, como hacer minería de datos de su contenido digital, sin otras barreras económicas, legales o técnicas que las que suponga Internet en sí misma. Es decir, es una manera gratuita y abierta de acceder a la literatura científica. Para qué sirve? Permite controlar todo el proceso de publicación:- El envío de los manuscritos, por parte de los autores. - Selección de los revisores, por parte de los editores. - La revisión, por parte de los revisores primero y luego por los autores mismos. - La corrección de estilos y de sintaxis. - La diagramación/maquetación. - La publicación misma del artículo. - Lectura (con herramientas de lectura. - Indexación en bases de datos y buscadores.Características de OJS- Se instala y se controla de manera local en un servidor Web propio. - Los editores pueden configurar los requisitos, secciones, el proceso de revisión, etc. - Todos los contenidos se envían y se gestionan online. - Permite el envío por e-mail de los artículos y la inserción de comentarios por parte de los lectores. - Cuenta con un módulo de suscripción, con la opción de pasar los artículos a libre acceso, pasado un tiempo. - Cuenta con herramientas de lectura, basadas en la configuración proporcionada por el editor. - Como parte del sistema, cuenta con la

  17. TER HANSENIASE: PERCEPÇÕES DE PESSOAS EM TRATAMENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOYCE MAZZA NUNES

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La lepra es una enfermedad milenaria, caracterizada como un problema de salud pública. Desarrollamos este estudio con el objetivo de conocer la percepción sobre su enfermedad de las personas en tratamiento para lepra. Se trata de un estudio con planteo cualitativo, desarrollado a través de un grupo focal en el mes de agosto de 2005 con ocho personas en tratamiento para lepra multibacilar en la Unidad Básica de Salud en Sobral-CE. Las declaraciones señalaron que la lepra es vista como una enfermedad mala, que trae tristeza, miedo, vergüenza y discriminación. Ser portador de lepra ocasionó sufrimiento psíquico y sentimientos de impotencia, hombres y mujeres tuvieron sus roles sociales amenazados. Sugerimos que se idealicen alternativas que atiendan no sólo la eliminación de la lepra como un problema de salud pública, sino también, como un rescate de la ciudadanía y del respeto por esas personas.

  18. La educación inclusiva es nuestra tarea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meybol Calderón

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La educación inclusiva es un tema que se ha venido trabajando desde hace relativamente pocos años en el Perú, pero en otros países se viene realizando desde hace muchos años. Por ello esta investigación busca dar a conocer todos aquellos elementos que son necesarios para lograr una inclusión adecuada de los niños, tomando como centro al niño, reconociéndolo como un ser humano integral que no solo aprende conceptos, sino también aprende a convivir e interactuar con su medio. Es aquí donde debemos tomar en cuenta el respeto a la diversidad que se debe dar en el aula, ya que al convivir se comparten experiencias con personas diferentes, como pueden ser los niños con necesidades especiales o simplemente con las de un niño regular. En esta investigación hemos querido resaltar la importancia de los roles de los agentes educativos para el buen desarrollo de la inclusión de los niños, siendo estos indispensables para lograrlo.

  19. Star Formation in M 33 (HerM33es)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, C.; Boquien, M.; Braine, J.; Buchbender, C.; Calzetti, D.; Gratier, P.; Mookerjea, B.; Relaño, M.; Verley, S.

    2011-11-01

    Within the key project "Herschel M 33 extended survey" (HerM33es), we are studying the physical and chemical processes driving star formation and galactic evolution in the nearby galaxy M 33, combining the study of local conditions affecting individual star formation with properties only becoming apparent on global scales. Here, we present recent results obtained by the HerM33es team. Combining Spitzer and Herschel data ranging from 3.6 μm to 500μm, along with H i, Hα, and GALEX UV data, we have studied the dust at high spatial resolutions of 150 pc, providing estimators of the total infrared (TIR) brightness and of the star formation rate. While the temperature of the warm dust at high brightness is driven by young massive stars, evolved stellar populations appear to drive the temperature of the cold dust. Plane-parallel models of photon dominated regions (PDRs) fail to reproduce fully the [C ii], [O i], and CO maps obtained in a first spectroscopic study of one 2' × 2' subregion of M 33, located on the inner, northern spiral arm and encompassing the H ii region BCLMP 302.

  20. AÇÕES EDUCATIVAS PARA TERCEIRA IDADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejane Millions Viana Meneses

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el proceso del envejecimiento, anciano se enfrentan a la aparición de enfermedades crónicas que muchas veces reflejan en dificultades para el mantenimiento de la salud. En este contexto, es importante el trabajo con la tercera edad para promover la mejora del consiguiente estilo de vida. Este trabajo es un relato de experiencia de la ejecución de un proyecto de investigación de la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande do Norte , que lleva acciones educativas a la Asociación Inaraí (Natal/RN, con objetivo de divulgar actividades, así estimulando la formación de los grupos a que tienen como objetivo la promoción a salud de ancianos . Para desarrollar las acciones, según la informaciones recogidas en el perfil epidemiológico llevado previamente en la Asociación, por medio de reuniones semanales con anciano s, se buscó estimular buenos hábitos de vida , para llevar a cabo posible la mejora de lo estilo de vida y por lo tanto, promover salud de ese grupo.

  1. Derivation of hybrid ES cell lines from two different strains of mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho-Tak Lau

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Parental origin-dependent expression of the imprinted genes is essential for mammalian development. Zfp57 maintains genomic imprinting in mouse embryos and ES cells. To examine the allelic expression patterns of the imprinted genes in ES cells, we obtained multiple hybrid ES clones that were directly derived from the blastocysts generated from the cross between mice on two different genetic backgrounds. The blastocyst-derived ES clones displayed largely intact DNA methylation imprint at the tested imprinted regions. These hybrid ES clones will be useful for future studies to examine the allelic expression of the imprinted genes in ES cells and their differentiated progeny.

  2. INTERPRETAÇÕES ACERCA DA INFLUÊNCIA DAS INFORMAÇÕES NUTRICIONAIS NA ESCOLHA DE ALIMENTOS INFANTIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pais Moreira Lopes

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Diversos estudos têm demonstrado que, nas últimas décadas, mudanças nos hábitos alimentares vêm ocorrendo e que a proliferação de alimentos com diferentes finalidades passou a exigir do consumidor um alto nível de informação. Este artigo tem por objetivo principal investigar os fatores que influenciam a compra de alimentos infantis, observando especialmente os significados atribuídos por mães às informações nutricionais. Foram entrevistadas mães de diferentes níveis de escolaridade, renda, profissão e bairro de residência na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. O tratamento dos dados coletados ocorreu por meio da análise de conteúdo e, ao longo das entrevistas, foram questionados, por exemplo, quais fatores as mães entrevistadas consideravam importantes ao comprar alimentos para seus filhos e se tinham o costume de consultar as tabelas nutricionais dos alimentos no supermercado quando os estavam comprando. Adicionalmente, buscamos compreender o que, na perspectiva das mães, significam “alimentos pouco saudáveis” e qual conceito tinham sobre alimentos “nutritivos” e “saudáveis” - investigando se seriam sinônimos ou não. A partir de tais procedimentos, os resultados mostram que os três principais fatores que influenciam a compra de alimentos para os filhos são: i preço; ii marca; e iii a influência dos filhos. As interpretações a respeito das informações nutricionais puderam ser agrupadas em cinco categorias, quais sejam: 1 comprando besteira; 2 nutritivo versus saudável; 3 comer bem; 4 fatores importantes ao comprar alimentos para os filhos; e 5 informações nutricionais na intenção de compra.

  3. Richland Operations (DOE-RL) Environmental Safety Health (ES and H) FY 2000 and FY 2001 Execution Commitment Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    REEP, I.E.

    2000-12-01

    All sites in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Complex prepare this report annually for the DOE Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the previous and current year's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) execution commitments and the Safety and Health (S&H) resources that support these activities. The fiscal year (FY) 2000 and 2001 information and data contained in the Richland Operations Environment, Safefy and Health Fiscal Year 2002 Budget-Risk Management Summary (RL 2000a) were the basis for preparing this report. Fiscal year 2001 activities are based on the President's Amended Congressional Budget Request of $689.6 million for funding Ofice of Environmental Management (EM) $44.0 million for Fast Flux Test Facility standby less $7.0 million in anticipated DOE, Headquarters holdbacks for Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology (NE); and $55.3 million for Safeguards and Security (SAS). Any funding changes as a result of the Congressional appropriation process will be reflected in the Fiscal Year 2003 ES&H Budget-Risk Management Summary to be issued in May 2001. This report provides the end-of-year status of FY 2000 ES&H execution commitments, including actual S&H expenditures, and describes planned FY 2001 ES&H execution commitments and the S&H resources needed to support those activities. This requirement is included in the ES&H guidance contained in the FY 2002 Field Budget Call (DOE 2000).

  4. Hanford Site Environment Safety and Health (ES and H) FY 1999 and FY 2000 Execution Commitment Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    REEP, I.E.

    1999-12-01

    All sites in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Complex prepare this report annually for the DOE Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH). The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the previous and current year's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) execution commitments and the S&H resources that support these activities. The fiscal year (FY) 1999 and 2000 information (Sieracki 1999) and data contained in the ''Hanford Site Environment, Safety and Health Fiscal Year 2001 Budget-Risk Management Summary'' (RL 1999) were the basis for preparing this report. Fiscal year 2000 finding of Office of Environmental Management (EM) and Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology (NE) activities is based on the President's budget of $1,065.1 million and $28.0 million, plus $2.7 million carryover finding, respectively, as of October 31, 1999. Any funding changes as a result of the Congressional appropriation process will be reflected in the Fiscal Year 2002 ES&H Budget-Risk Management Summary to be issued in May 2000. This report provides the end-of-year status of FY 1999 ES&H execution commitments, including actual S&H expenditures, and describes planned FY 2000 ES&H execution commitments and the S&H resources needed to support those activities. This requirement is included in the ES&H ''Guidance for FY200l Budget Formulations and Execution'' (DOE 1999).

  5. Le Yémen dans les années 80 : entre crises et développement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Dresch

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Au cours des années 1980 se sont dessinées les tendances structurelles qui allaient modeler le régime politique et le développement économique du Yémen du Nord et, par la suite, le pays tout entier. Les « bonnes feuilles » qui suivent sont extraites de l’ouvrage A History of Modern Yemen, de Paul Dresch. Elles ont une double vocation : donner quelques aperçus de cet arrière-plan historique essentiel et encourager le lecteur à aller découvrir, dans cet ouvrage fondamental, des clefs de lecture qui lui permettront de décrypter la situation complexe du  Yémen contemporain.

  6. Complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Freitag, Eberhard

    2005-01-01

    The guiding principle of this presentation of ``Classical Complex Analysis'' is to proceed as quickly as possible to the central results while using a small number of notions and concepts from other fields. Thus the prerequisites for understanding this book are minimal; only elementary facts of calculus and algebra are required. The first four chapters cover the essential core of complex analysis: - differentiation in C (including elementary facts about conformal mappings) - integration in C (including complex line integrals, Cauchy's Integral Theorem, and the Integral Formulas) - sequences and series of analytic functions, (isolated) singularities, Laurent series, calculus of residues - construction of analytic functions: the gamma function, Weierstrass' Factorization Theorem, Mittag-Leffler Partial Fraction Decomposition, and -as a particular highlight- the Riemann Mapping Theorem, which characterizes the simply connected domains in C. Further topics included are: - the theory of elliptic functions based on...

  7. Subgroup complexes

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Stephen D

    2011-01-01

    This book is intended as an overview of a research area that combines geometries for groups (such as Tits buildings and generalizations), topological aspects of simplicial complexes from p-subgroups of a group (in the spirit of Brown, Quillen, and Webb), and combinatorics of partially ordered sets. The material is intended to serve as an advanced graduate-level text and partly as a general reference on the research area. The treatment offers optional tracks for the reader interested in buildings, geometries for sporadic simple groups, and G-equivariant equivalences and homology for subgroup complexes.

  8. Complex manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Morrow, James

    2006-01-01

    This book, a revision and organization of lectures given by Kodaira at Stanford University in 1965-66, is an excellent, well-written introduction to the study of abstract complex (analytic) manifolds-a subject that began in the late 1940's and early 1950's. It is largely self-contained, except for some standard results about elliptic partial differential equations, for which complete references are given. -D. C. Spencer, MathSciNet The book under review is the faithful reprint of the original edition of one of the most influential textbooks in modern complex analysis and geometry. The classic

  9. Eletrocardiografia computadorizada em cães: estudo comparativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lídia S. Oliveira

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available O método de eletrocardiografia computadorizada (ECG-C vem sendo crescentemente difundido na medicina veterinária, havendo atualmente diversas marcas e modelos de eletrocardiógrafos disponíveis no mercado. Diante da possibilidade de diferenças na sensibilidade e na reprodutibilidade das medidas obtidas nos traçados, o presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar os parâmetros eletrocardiográficos de cães, obtidos por dois sistemas. Foram avaliados dois diferentes softwares computadorizados, o Wincardio Micromed® (WIN e o modelo TEB ECGPC® (TEB. Quarenta e dois cães hígidos, de diferentes raças (Cocker Spaniel, Daschund, Labrador, Pinscher, Pit Bull Terrier Poodle, Schnauzer, Shit Tzu, Yorkshire e sem raça definida, machos e fêmeas e com idade entre 4 meses e 16 anos foram agrupados segundo o peso e examinados pelos dois sistemas. As medidas eletrocardiográficas dos diferentes traçados foram analisadas na derivação DII. Os resultados indicaram que o sistema TEB apresentou maior sensibilidade na obtenção das medidas de duração da onda P e do complexo QRS, enquanto o sistema WIN foi mais sensível para determinar as medidas de amplitude dos mesmos parâmetros. Os animais de maior porte (26-37kg apresentaram maior variância nas medidas de duração e amplitude de onda P e duração do complexo QRS em comparação aos cães de médio (14-25kg e pequeno (1-13kg porte. O achado de diferenças entre os sistemas testados deve ser levado em consideração ao se empregar os diversos equipamentos para diagnóstico por meio de ECG-C na rotina clínica, de modo a evitarem-se divergências na interpretação dos exames entre diferentes prestadores de serviços veterinários.

  10. Postmodernidad y personalidad heroica, cuando el sufrimiento es placentero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Korstanje

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo examina no solo como se forma el miedo moderno y su relación con la tragedia, sino las diversas formas culturales de vivirla respecto al futuro. Se antepone la figura de la personalidad heroica como una construcción moderna centrada en la necesidad de sentir placer por la pérdida. Esta tendencia lleva a las personas a sentirse únicas respecto a otras. Si el héroe es aquel que no se doblega ante el destino, también es un ser que lleva tras sí una historia de dolor y sufrimiento. Ahora bien, tanto los países de raigambre cultural latino como los germánicos han elaborado diferentes formas de vivir lo trágico; lo cierto es que el futuro, como construcción social, juega un rol importante en dichos procesos. Mien- tras para los anglosajones el futuro se mantiene como una entidad inmutable que no puede ser modificada, para los latinos el futuro se construye solo desde el presente. Abstract This essay aims to review how to form not only the modern man’s fear and its relationship with tragedy but also the way to live it according to the future. Heroic per- sonality is chosen as a modern figure focused on the need of pleasure feeling by the loss. This trend makes people to consider themselves unique related to others. If the hero is that one who does not bow down to the fate, it is also a human being who has a pain and suffering story behind him. Now, in those countries of deep seated Latin cultural roots such as German countries have established differ- ent ways of living. One thing is true, the future as social construction plays an important role in those processes. While English speaking countries the future is kept as immutable entity which can not be modified . For Latin people future is built only based on the present. 

  11. Complex Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Evsukoff, Alexandre; González, Marta

    2013-01-01

    In the last decade we have seen the emergence of a new inter-disciplinary field focusing on the understanding of networks which are dynamic, large, open, and have a structure sometimes called random-biased. The field of Complex Networks is helping us better understand many complex phenomena such as the spread of  deseases, protein interactions, social relationships, to name but a few. Studies in Complex Networks are gaining attention due to some major scientific breakthroughs proposed by network scientists helping us understand and model interactions contained in large datasets. In fact, if we could point to one event leading to the widespread use of complex network analysis is the availability of online databases. Theories of Random Graphs from Erdös and Rényi from the late 1950s led us to believe that most networks had random characteristics. The work on large online datasets told us otherwise. Starting with the work of Barabási and Albert as well as Watts and Strogatz in the late 1990s, we now know th...

  12. no es nada it is nothing simbonile we saw himjher

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Universal Grammar (UG) to applied linguistics and language teaching. In particular I am ... input in which subjects are sometimes physically present and .... in complex sentences than simple sentences, and I have found .... Present tense perf.

  13. ¿Es redundante la prueba de selectividad?.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rúa Vieytes, Antonio.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Como consecuencia de la futura reforma en las pruebas de acceso a la universidad española, en donde la principal novedad será la eliminación de la prueba de conjunto o selectividad, cabe reflexionar sobre tan controvertida prueba y preguntarnos si realmente dicha prueba ha servido para algo y su aplicación ha sido efectiva en el rendimiento del alumno una vez dentro de la universidad o, por el contrario, si se trata de una prueba redundante. A partir del expediente académico y de las notas de selectividad de una muestra de 2.500 alumnos durante siete años, se llevará a cabo un análisis econométrico del grado de explicación que estas notas tienen sobre la prueba de conjunto y se constatará si dicha prueba es efectiva o redundante.

  14. Urban agriculture and Anopheles habitats in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongus, Stefan; Nyika, Dickson; Kannady, Khadija; Mtasiwa, Deo; Mshinda, Hassan; Gosoniu, Laura; Drescher, Axel W; Fillinger, Ulrike; Tanner, Marcel; Killeen, Gerry F; Castro, Marcia C

    2009-05-01

    A cross-sectional survey of agricultural areas, combined with routinely monitored mosquito larval information, was conducted in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, to investigate how agricultural and geographical features may influence the presence of Anopheles larvae. Data were integrated into a geographical information systems framework, and predictors of the presence of Anopheles larvae in farming areas were assessed using multivariate logistic regression with independent random effects. It was found that more than 5% of the study area (total size 16.8 km2) was used for farming in backyard gardens and larger open spaces. The proportion of habitats containing Anopheles larvae was 1.7 times higher in agricultural areas compared to other areas (95% confidence interval = 1.56-1.92). Significant geographic predictors of the presence of Anopheles larvae in gardens included location in lowland areas, proximity to river, and relatively impermeable soils. Agriculture-related predictors comprised specific seedbed types, mid-sized gardens, irrigation by wells, as well as cultivation of sugar cane or leafy vegetables. Negative predictors included small garden size, irrigation by tap water, rainfed production and cultivation of leguminous crops or fruit trees. Although there was an increased chance of finding Anopheles larvae in agricultural sites, it was found that breeding sites originated by urban agriculture account for less than a fifth of all breeding sites of malaria vectors in Dar es Salaam. It is suggested that strategies comprising an integrated malaria control effort in malaria-endemic African cities include participatory involvement of farmers by planting shade trees near larval habitats.

  15. Uso do adesivo de fibrina na anastomose esôfago-esofágica cervical, em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Ribeiro Prado Filho

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar os efeitos da associação do adesivo cirúrgico de fibrina à técnica operatória da invaginação submucosa, em anastomoses esofagianas. MÉTODO: Trinta e dois cães submetidos à anastomose esôfago-esofágica foram alocados em dois grupos: I com sutura em doze pontos e II com sutura em quatro pontos e vedação com adesivo de fibrina. Os animais foram avaliados no sétimo e décimo-quarto dias de pós-operatório. Foram analisados: a evolução ponderal, o índice de estenose, a incidência de deiscências e fístulas, a presença de secreções na tela subcutânea, a presença de líquido intersticial, matriz protêica, celularidade, fibroblastos, fibras de colágeno e concentração de hidroxiprolina. RESULTADOS: O índice de estenose foi menor para os animais do grupo I no sétimo dia de observação. Nos animais do grupo II a incidência de deiscências, secreção serosa e purulenta foram signitivamente maiores aos sete e quatorze dias, enquanto a presença de fístulas foi maior no sétimo dia. Quanto à concentração tecidual de hidroxiprolina não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos. Os fibroblastos e fibras de colágeno tiveram presença mais acentuada no grupo II no décimo-quarto dia. Ocorreram quatro óbitos em animais do grupo II. CONCLUSÕES: A anastomose por invaginação submucosa-mucosa com vedação com adesivo de fibrina apresentou piores resultados que a anastomose convencional de doze pontos circunferenciais.

  16. Learn OpenGL ES for mobile game and graphics development

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Prateek

    2013-01-01

    One of the first OpenGL ES version 3 books for game app developers doing mobile. Covers Android code and may be useful to iOS game developers too. OpenGL ES 3 is a new significant tech update to OpenGL ES graphics API engine that fuels game apps in both iOS and Android.

  17. Evaluation of the ES-2re Dummy in Biofidelity, Component, and Full Vehicle Crash Tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutterfield, Aleta; Pecoraro, Katie; Rouhana, Stephen W; Xu, Lan; Abramczyk, Joe; Berliner, Jeff; Irwin, Annette; Jensen, Jack; Mertz, Harold J; Nusholtz, Guy; Pietsch, Hollie; Scherer, Risa; Tylko, Suzanne

    2005-11-01

    This technical paper presents the results from tests conducted with the ES-2re, a version of the ES-2 side impact dummy that was modified by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to improve its performance in crash tests. Through the series of biofidelity tests conducted on the ES-2re, described in International Standards Organization (ISO) Technical Report (TR)9790 (1999), the OSRP observed a final overall biofidelity ranking of 4.1 for the ES-2re, which corresponds to an ISO classification of "marginal." The biofidelity of the ES-2re is compared to that of the ES-2 and the WorldSID. Repeatability was also evaluated on the ES-2re based on the biofidelity test data. Additional pendulum tests were performed to assess the response of the dummy in oblique loading conditions, and results indicate that oblique loading from the front leads to significantly reduced rib deflections. To evaluate inconsistencies observed in the response of the ES-2, the OSRP analyzed the shoulder biofidelity via additional sled and drop tests. Due to the shoulder design of the ES-2 and ES-2re, the dummies appear to have significant sensitivity to initial conditions, potentially increasing variability in full vehicle tests. Finally, the responses of the ES-2re in full vehicle tests are compared to those of the ES-2 and the WorldSID.

  18. 76 FR 44906 - Foremost 4809-ES Insect-O-Fog; Amended Cancellation Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-1017; FRL-8880-8] Foremost 4809-ES Insect-O-Fog... cancellation order for the pesticide product Foremost 4809-ES Insect-O-Fog, a pesticide product containing Piperonyl Butoxide and Pyrethrins. The registrant of Foremost 4809-ES Insect-O-Fog--Delta Foremost Chemical...

  19. Differential T-cell recognition of native and recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis GroES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenkrands, I; Weldingh, K; Ravn, P

    1999-01-01

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis GroES was purified from culture filtrate, and its identity was confirmed by immunoblot analysis and N-terminal sequencing. Comparing the immunological recognition of native and recombinant GroES, we found that whereas native GroES elicited a strong proliferative response...

  20. Managing Complexity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chassin, David P.; Posse, Christian; Malard, Joel M.

    2004-08-01

    Physical analogs have shown considerable promise for understanding the behavior of complex adaptive systems, including macroeconomics, biological systems, social networks, and electric power markets. Many of today’s most challenging technical and policy questions can be reduced to a distributed economic control problem. Indeed, economically-based control of large-scale systems is founded on the conjecture that the price-based regulation (e.g., auctions, markets) results in an optimal allocation of resources and emergent optimal system control. This paper explores the state of the art in the use physical analogs for understanding the behavior of some econophysical systems and to deriving stable and robust control strategies for them. In particular we review and discussion applications of some analytic methods based on the thermodynamic metaphor according to which the interplay between system entropy and conservation laws gives rise to intuitive and governing global properties of complex systems that cannot be otherwise understood.

  1. Algo sobre la autoestima. Qué es y cómo se expresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa GONZÁLEZ MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La autoestima es uno de los conceptos psicológicos más complejos y uno de los más difíciles de precisar, a pesar de ser un factor que siempre ha estado presente en cualquier intento de explicación del comportamiento humano normal y patológico. Describir adecuadamente qué es la autoestima, requiere abordar previamente algunos aspectos que han influido en la falta de precisión de este concepto. En este sentido es necesario puntualizar que autoconcepto y autoestima no son términos intercambiables aunque ambos se impliquen, que la autoestima no es un factor unitario sino multidimensional, que la autoestima no sólo incluye los aspectos positivos y más valorables del sujeto, sino también aspectos menos valorables o las limitaciones y por último, que la autoestima no es autoafirmación incondicional ante los demás, sino autoafirmación respetando la individualidad de los otros. Se puede definir la autoestima como «la valoración positiva o negativa que el sujeto hace de su autoconcepto, valoración que se acompaña de sentimientos de valía personal y auto aceptación». La autoestima, así entendida, influye y se expresa a través del comportamiento del sujeto en todas sus dimensiones y manifestaciones, tales como autoaceptación, afrontamiento, aceptación de los demás e interacciones sociales, entre otras.ABSTRACT: Self-esteem is one of the most complex psychological concepts an one of the most difficult ones to define, despite the fact that it is a factor that has always been present in any attempt to explain the normal and pathological human behavior. In order to describe adequately what self-esteem is we need to first look at some of the aspects that have contributed to the lack of precision of this concept. We need to make clear that self-concept and self-esteem are not interchangeable terms even though they are both in some way related, that self-esteem not a unitary factor but multidimensional, that self-esteem not

  2. Femoral haemostasis with Vasoseal ES: experience in 150 patients; Emostasi femorale mediante Vasoseal ES: esperienza in 150 pazienti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gazzera, Carlo; Doriguzzi Breatta, Andrea; Veltri, Andrea; Righi, Dorico; Barbero, Stefano; Balderi, Alberto; Petracchni, Massimo; Gandini, Giovanni [Ospedale San Giovanni Battista, Torino (Italy); Torino Univ., Torino (Italy). Istituto di Radiologia

    2005-02-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of the use of Vasoseal ES collagen plug in heavenly anti coagulated patients with risk of complications at the vascular access site who had undergone vascular radiological intervention. Materials and methods: Between January 2002 and March 2003 180 consecutive transfemoral arterial accesses in 169 patients subjected to vascular radiological procedures were performed (bilateral access was performed in 11 patients): 140 percutaneous transluminal angioplasties and 40 transarterial chemoembolisations. All the patients who underwent angioplasty were given 3,000 IU of sodic heparin intravenously during the procedure and later a prolonged antiaggregant therapy was undertaken (ticlopidine 500 mg/day and aspirin 150 mg/day). The sheaths were removed at the end of the surgical manoeuvre and two cartridges of collagen were positioned on the external surface of the artery. The mean values of platelets and partial thromboplastin time were 42,000/ml and 170 s, respectively, in cirrhotic patients against 250,000/ml and 200 s in patients with peripheral arteriopathy. The next day a colour Doppler examination was performed at the puncture site. Results: The technique proved successful in 89.4% of cases (161/180). In 19/180 vascular accesses placement of the haemostatic cartridges was not possible owing to the inability to compress the common femoral artery proximal to the release site (4/19), owing to a pre-existing haematoma (5/19) and owing to the limited presence of subcutoma (5/19) and owing to the limited presence of subcutaneous tissue (10/19). The mean time required for the placement of Vasoseal ES was 4 min. The mean time to haemostasis was 6 min. The mean time to mobilisation was 4 hr. Only in two patients was there an onset of a pseudoaneurysm of the right common femoral artery-, the lesions were treated with ultrasonography-guided compression. In addition, 16 small local haematomas were recorded. In

  3. ¿Cuál es el objetivo principal de la mercadotecnia?

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Gerardo Barroso Tanoira

    2008-01-01

    Hay quienes piensan que el objetivo principal de la mercadotecnia es vender más, o bien, colocar productos y distribuirlos, o que es una herramienta para atraer a los clientes o inclusive para manipularlos. El objetivo del presente ensayo es reflexionar sobre el objetivo principal de esta disciplina, la cual es realmente una filosofía de vida empresarial. Se concluye que dicho objetivo es fomentar el intercambio voluntario entre dos o más partes que tienen algo que interesa a unos y a otros e...

  4. In situ vitrification engineering-scale test ES-INEL-5 test plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stoots, P.R.

    1990-06-01

    In 1952, the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) was established at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). RWMC is located on approximately 144 acres in the southwestern corner of the INEL site and was established as a controlled area for the burial of solid low-level wastes generated by INEL operations. In 1954, the 88-acre Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) of RWMC began accepting solid transuranic-contaminated waste. From 1954 to 1970, transuranic-contaminated waste was accepted from the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) near Golden, CO, as well as from other US Department of Energy (DOE) locations. In 1987, the Buried Waste Program (BWP) was established by EG ampersand G Idaho, Inc., the prime contractor at INEL. Following the Environmental Restoration guidelines of the Buried Waste Program, the In Situ Vitrification Program is participating in a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) for permanent disposal of INEL waste, in compliance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). This study was requested and is being funded by the Office of Technology Development of the Idaho Operations Office of DOE (DOE-ID). As part of the RI/FS, an in situ vitrification (ISV) scoping study on the treatability of mixed low-level and mixed transuranic-contaminated waste is being performed to determine applicability of ISV to remediation of waste at SDA. This In Situ Vitrification Engineering-Scale Test ES-INEL-5 Test Plan considers the data needs of engineering, regulatory, health, and safety activities for all sampling and analysis activities in support of engineering scale test ES-INEL-5. 5 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs

  5. Calage de la partie congestionnée du diagramme fondamental combinant données de boucles et données FCD

    OpenAIRE

    CLAIRAIS, Aurélien

    2015-01-01

    Malgré l'essor des données FCD, comme les données GPS, il n'existe pas de méthode de calage de diagramme fondamental basée sur ce type de données. Le rapport propose une méthode de calage al- liant données de boucles electromagnétiques et données FCD. La méthode est développée pour un tronçon simple sans entrée ni sortie. Le modèle utilisé est le modèle LWR associé à un diagramme fondamental triangulaire. La première partie donne une méthode pour simuler un front d'onde de congestion et des t...

  6. [es] Los conocimientos en trabajo social: elogio del eclecticismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Deslauriers

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La ciencia está en el origen del trabajo social. En efecto, el objetivo que perseguía Mary Richmond al conceptualizar la disciplina de trabajo social consistía en reemplazar las creencias religiosas por un enfoque racional. Así pues, el conocimiento científico se inscribe en el corazón del trabajo social desde el principio. Dicho esto, las grandes teorías son menos útiles en la práctica de una profesión cuya finalidad es ayudar a las personas que viven las situaciones más diversas. Esta es la razón por la cual el trabajo social se construye a partir de una base ecléctica: el trabajador social eficaz toma de un vasto conjunto de nociones, en apariencia dispares, aquellas que mejor se adaptan a la situación. Ahora bien, ¿cómo enseñar este conocimiento práctico a los estudiantes de trabajo social? Este artículo trata de estas cuestiones y propone algunas pistas de reflexión. Science is closely related to social work, from its very origin. In fact, with the conceptualization of social work, Mary Richmond’s objective was to replace religious beliefs by a more rational approach. Thus, right from its beginning, the scientific knowledge was at the core of social work. This being said, grand theories are less appropriate to the practice of social work because this profession deals with persons living in particular situations. That is why social work is built upon an eclectic basis : social worker has to draw from a vast array of notions and theories to borrow bits and pieces which will help to explain and attenuate problem experienced by persons. Now, this practical knowledge can be taught to students in social work? This article deals with these questions and proposes some reflections.

  7. Advances in SELEX ES infrared detectors for space and astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowles, P.; Hipwood, L.; Baker, I.; Weller, H.

    2017-11-01

    Selex ES produces a wide range of infrared detectors from mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) and triglycine sulfate (TGS), and has supplied both materials into space programmes spanning a period of over 40 years. Current development activities that underpin potential future space missions include large format arrays for near- and short-wave infrared (NIR and SWIR) incorporating radiation-hard designs and suppression of glow. Improved heterostructures are aimed at the reduction of dark currents and avalanche photodiodes (APDs), and parallel studies have been undertaken for low-stress MCT array mounts. Much of this development work has been supported by ESA, UK Space, and ESO, and some has been performed in collaboration with the UK Astronomy Technology Centre and E2V. This paper focuses on MCT heterostructure developments and novel design elements in silicon read-out chips (ROICs). The 2048 x 2048 element, 17um pitch ROIC for ESA's SWIR array development forms the basis for the largest cooled infrared detector manufactured in Europe. Selex ES MCT is grown by metal organic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE), currently on 75mm diameter GaAs substrates. The MCT die size of the SWIR array is 35mm square and only a single array can be printed on the 75mm diameter wafer, utilising only 28% of the wafer area. The situation for 100mm substrates is little better, allowing only 2 arrays and 31% utilisation. However, low cost GaAs substrates are readily available in 150mm diameter and the MCT growth is scalable to this size, offering the real possibility of 6 arrays per wafer with 42% utilisation. A similar 2k x 2k ROIC is the goal of ESA's NIR programme, which is currently in phase 2 with a 1k x 1k demonstrator, and a smaller 320 x 256 ROIC (SAPHIRA) has been designed for ESO for the adaptive optics application in the VLT Gravity instrument. All 3 chips have low noise source-follower architecture and are enabled for MCT APD arrays, which have been demonstrated by ESO to be capable of

  8. Complex variables

    CERN Document Server

    Flanigan, Francis J

    2010-01-01

    A caution to mathematics professors: Complex Variables does not follow conventional outlines of course material. One reviewer noting its originality wrote: ""A standard text is often preferred [to a superior text like this] because the professor knows the order of topics and the problems, and doesn't really have to pay attention to the text. He can go to class without preparation."" Not so here-Dr. Flanigan treats this most important field of contemporary mathematics in a most unusual way. While all the material for an advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate course is covered, discussion

  9. R-ES-ONANCE--IFeb-rU-a-rY

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Today, we often take for granted the technology that allows communication of complex messages across ... a vast body of theory in information, coding and communication, without which many of the. IT amenities we ... genetic control elements that regulate the process of cell division, a process that can result in cancer if it ...

  10. MicroRNA expression characterizes oligometastasis(es).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lussier, Yves A; Xing, H Rosie; Salama, Joseph K; Khodarev, Nikolai N; Huang, Yong; Zhang, Qingbei; Khan, Sajid A; Yang, Xinan; Hasselle, Michael D; Darga, Thomas E; Malik, Renuka; Fan, Hanli; Perakis, Samantha; Filippo, Matthew; Corbin, Kimberly; Lee, Younghee; Posner, Mitchell C; Chmura, Steven J; Hellman, Samuel; Weichselbaum, Ralph R

    2011-01-01

    Cancer staging and treatment presumes a division into localized or metastatic disease. We proposed an intermediate state defined by ≤ 5 cumulative metastasis(es), termed oligometastases. In contrast to widespread polymetastases, oligometastatic patients may benefit from metastasis-directed local treatments. However, many patients who initially present with oligometastases progress to polymetastases. Predictors of progression could improve patient selection for metastasis-directed therapy. Here, we identified patterns of microRNA expression of tumor samples from oligometastatic patients treated with high-dose radiotherapy. Patients who failed to develop polymetastases are characterized by unique prioritized features of a microRNA classifier that includes the microRNA-200 family. We created an oligometastatic-polymetastatic xenograft model in which the patient-derived microRNAs discriminated between the two metastatic outcomes. MicroRNA-200c enhancement in an oligometastatic cell line resulted in polymetastatic progression. These results demonstrate a biological basis for oligometastases and a potential for using microRNA expression to identify patients most likely to remain oligometastatic after metastasis-directed treatment.

  11. JUVENTUDE E POBREZA: IMPLICAÇÕES PSICOSSOCIAIS DO FATALISMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verônica Morais Ximenes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio cualitativo realizado en la ciudad de Fortaleza (Ceará/Brasil pretende analizar las manifestaciones del fatalismo de jóvenes en condiciones de pobreza. El fatalismo representa un fenómeno psicosocial asociado al aparente conformismo de los individuos ante las situaciones de opresión r ecurrentes de la pobreza. Se realizar o n dos grupos focales , con 12 participantes jóvenes que se encontraban en situación de pobreza. L as manifestaciones del fatalismo congregaban: creencia s en el éxito como resulta do del esfuerzo individual y de la voluntad divina; construcción de propósitos de vida sujet os a las aspiraciones personales; calma aparente; silenciamiento y aleja miento emocional. Es el clima de incertidumbre e indefinición de una vida marcada por la pobreza la que refuerza el fatalismo, siendo neces a rio emprender caminos libertarios para la juventud pobre.

  12. GRAVIDADE DE INTOXICAÇÕES POR SANEANTES CLANDESTINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Adrielle Teixeira Santos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las intoxicaciones por saneantes comercializados clandestinamente, reportadas en el Centro de Control de Intoxicaciones del Hospital Universitario Regional de Maringá. Es un estudio cuantitativo, con análisis retrospectivo de registros epidemiológicos de personas intoxicadas por estos agentes, en el período de enero de 2005 a diciembre de 2009. De los 118 casos reportados, la mayoría (74-62,7% se produjeron en varones, 105 (88,9% necesitaron de asistencia en unidades de atención de emergencia y hospitalización de alta complejidad, en 14 casos (11,8% requirieron de Cuidados Intensivos, y se reportaron cinco óbitos, todos por intoxicación intencional. Los resultados demuestran la gravedad y la letalidad de este tipo de intoxicación, sugieren la necesidad de medidas urgentes de fiscalización y control de la Vigilancia Sanitaria, así como de medidas para la educación de los consumidores, haciendo hincapié en el papel educativo de la Enfermería

  13. VOLTA REDONDA: IMPLICAÇÕES PARA A ENFERMAGEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Emília Cardoso Moraes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo la intervención en la Casa de Saúde Volta Redonda y sus implicaciones para la enfermería psiquiátrica. Las fuentes históricas son documentos escritos y orales. La organización, clasificación y análisis de los datos se hizo según el método histórico, con el apoyo de los conceptos de habitus y campo de Pierre Bourdieu y de la bibliografía sobre la reforma psiquiátrica en Brasil. Los cambios en la política de salud mental exigieron nuevas prácticas y actitudes de acuerdo con el proceso de implementación de la reforma psiquiátrica en aquel municipio, cuyo pilar es la inserción del enfermo psiquiátrico en la comunidad y el rescate de su ciudadanía. Estas medidas forman parte de un proyecto político partidario más amplio, con experiencias en otros municipios brasileños. La Enfermería ha ganado posiciones de poder y visibilidad para asegurar su participación en diferentes espacios decisorios en el ámbito de la asistencia psiquiátrica en el municipio.

  14. SRS ES ampersand H standards compliance program management plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hearn, W.H.

    1993-01-01

    On March 8, 1990, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) issued Recommendation 90-2 to the Secretary of Energy. This recommendation, based upon the DNFSB's initial review and evaluation of the content and implementation of standards relating to the design, construction, operations, and decommissioning of defense nuclear facilities of the Department of Energy (DOE), called for three actions: (1) identification of specific standards that apply to design, construction, operation and decommissioning of DOE facilities; (2) assessment of the adequacy of those standards for protecting public health and safety; and (3) determination of the extent to which they have and are being implemented. This document defines the elements of the SRS program required to support the HQ program in response to DNFSB Recommendation 90-2. The objective is to ensure a consistent approach for all sitewide ES and H Standards Compliance Program efforts that satisfied the intent of Recommendation 90-2 and the HQ 90-2 Implementation Plan in a cost-effective manner. The methodology and instructions for implementation of the SRS program are contained in the Standards Compliance Program Implementation Plan. The Management Plan shall be used in conjunction with the Implementation Plan

  15. ¿Qué es una institución?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John R. Searle

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Cuando era un estudiante universitario en Oxford, nos enseñaban economía como si fuera una ciencia natural. La materia objeto de la economía podría ser diferente de la física, pero sólo en la medida en la que el contenido de la química o la biología son diferentes de la física. Los resultados propiamente dichos nos fueron presentados como si fuesen teorías científicas. Por ello cuando aprendimos que los ahorros equivalen a la inversión, se nos enseñaba en el mismo tono de voz en el que uno aprende que la fuerza es igual a la masa por la aceleración. Y aprendimos que los empresarios juiciosos venden cuando el coste marginal iguala al beneficio marginal de la misma manera en la que una vez aprendimos que los cuerpos se atraen con una fuerza directamente proporcional al producto de sus masas e inversamente proporcional al cuadrado de la distancia que los separa. En ningún momento se planteó que la realidad descrita por la teoría económica fuera dependiente de las creencias y otras actitudes humanas de una manera que era completamente distinta de la realidad descrita por la física o la química.

  16. INNOVACIÓN: LO SOCIAL LE ES INMANENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GIOVANNI ARTURO LÓPEZ ISAZA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el marco del proyecto de investigación doctoral “Emprenderismo/educación, innovación/edu - cación, empleo/educación: lenguajes que atrapan sentidos”, este documento recoge aportes sobre la innovación social, indagando con una ventana de observación 2000-2013, en las bases de in - formación: Science Direct, Scopus, Springer Link, Google books, Google y otros actores ubicados en América y Europa. Dos conclusiones emergen de este documento: (i El hilo conductor de los discursos sobre innovación social, indica que ella es comprendida como proceso social y como fenómeno emergente, en el contexto de prácticas ciudadanas que enfrentan problemas sociales; pri - vilegiando intereses colectivos sobre individuales, fortaleciendo las capacidades de unos y de otros actores sociales. (ii La educación/comunicación abre, penetra y altera mentes; le otorga sentido a la innovación, como constructo y esperanza social; con la participación/conversación de ciudadanos plurales y totales, favorece fusiones creativas que configuran innovación social.

  17. ¿Qué es la “Chalandisation”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Chauvière

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 En este artículo se estudian los procedimientos mediante los cuales el sector social se ve sometido a la llamada “chalandisation”, término francés de difícil traducción al castellano que indica el modo de gestión general de nuestras sociedades tardomodernas, postkeynesianas. Constataremos cómo esta lógica modifica la ordenación del campo de lo social, su modo de financiación, así como el sentido que los actores del terreno dan a su trabajo. Se analizará este proceso general en curso a través de los cambios regulatorios acaecidos en Francia desde los años 80.This article explores the processes by which the social sector i ssubjected to the ‘chandalisation’, the French Word difficult to translate into Spanish that indicates how is the overall management of late-modern societies, Post Keynesian. We’ll see how this changes the spatial logic of the social field, its mode of financing, as well as the sense that actors give to their work site. It Will be analyzed the current general process through regulatory changes that occurred in France since the 80’s.

  18. Hydrodynamic Aspects at Vitória Bay Mouth, ES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLÁVIA A.A. GARONCE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Understading the hydrodynamic behavior and suspended particulated matter (SPM transport are of great importance in port regions such as Vitória Harbor, which is located at Vitória Bay, Vitória – ES, Brazil. Vitória Bay is an estuary that has not been systematically assessed through a temporal analysis in order to identify its hydrodynamics characteristics and SPM exchange. This study aims to investigate salt and suspended particulate matter flux at the estuarine mouth of Vitória Bay by understanding the temporal variation of salinity, temperature and tidal currents within the water column and at the channel crosssection. Results showed that the estuarine mouth tended to present partial stratification periods during neap tides and little stratification in spring tides. The circulation pattern was mainly influenced by the tide, with little influence from river discharge. With regard to the SPM, the mouth of the estuary tended to show low concentrations, with the highest values occurring during the dry season. A close relationship between momentary discharge, SPM and salt fluxes was observed. Despite all the data was collected at the mouth of the estuary, the system showed an importation trend of salt in all cycles and SPM importation for three of the four studied tidal cycles. Thus, Vitoria Bay is not exporting SPM to the adjacent inner shelf.

  19. MicroRNA expression characterizes oligometastasis(es.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves A Lussier

    Full Text Available Cancer staging and treatment presumes a division into localized or metastatic disease. We proposed an intermediate state defined by ≤ 5 cumulative metastasis(es, termed oligometastases. In contrast to widespread polymetastases, oligometastatic patients may benefit from metastasis-directed local treatments. However, many patients who initially present with oligometastases progress to polymetastases. Predictors of progression could improve patient selection for metastasis-directed therapy.Here, we identified patterns of microRNA expression of tumor samples from oligometastatic patients treated with high-dose radiotherapy.Patients who failed to develop polymetastases are characterized by unique prioritized features of a microRNA classifier that includes the microRNA-200 family. We created an oligometastatic-polymetastatic xenograft model in which the patient-derived microRNAs discriminated between the two metastatic outcomes. MicroRNA-200c enhancement in an oligometastatic cell line resulted in polymetastatic progression.These results demonstrate a biological basis for oligometastases and a potential for using microRNA expression to identify patients most likely to remain oligometastatic after metastasis-directed treatment.

  20. ¿Qué tan verde es tu mercado?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmar R. Olaya-González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El mercado de lo verde y lo ecológico es una tendencia indiscutible en nuestro mundo globalizado, que busca de alguna manera resarcir el daño infringido sobre el medio ambiente. Más allá de simple altruismo, la ecología se ha convertido en una moda, de la cual unos y otros toman ventaja a su mejor acomodo, haciendo del mercado de productos y servicios su tribuna; eco-diseño, planes de responsabilidad social y ambiental, campañas por el reciclaje y consumo de productos "más amigables" con el medio ambiente hacen parte del panorama que se intenta describir en esta reseña. Por medio de un estudio de caso, se hará énfasis en cómo la comunicación asume un papel crucial en la verdadera apropiación del concepto de "consumidor verde" y "consumidor responsable", de manera que la propuesta transversal de las tic se convierta en una herramienta no solo tecnológica, sino también de empoderamiento del papel que la sociedad puede representar en el cuidado de los recursos naturales.

  1. La televisión Colombia es de autor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Rincón

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Colombia tiene una marca narrativa en televisión. Somos el país de Yo soy Betty, la fea y Café con aroma de mujer y por eso Fernando Gaitán es nuestro gran contador cultural, así como lo fue antes García Márquez y su realismo mágico o Botero y sus gorditos divertidos. Nuestra marca Colombia de ficción televisiva se caracteriza por ser esa que hace otro melodrama e intenta otras éticas y estéticas, que innova y emociona distinto. Una ficción de autor. Eso comenzó desde el 13 de junio de 1954 cuando se inauguró la pequeña pantalla para conmemorar el primer año de gobierno del general Rojas Pinilla. En la primera emisión El niño del pantano, una breve de ficción adaptada para televisión de un cuento original de Bernardo Romero Lozano, ya marcaba el rumbo. Desde ese primer día la televisión colombiana buscó ser una mezcla entre lo de élite y lo popular, entre el gran drama y la comedia.

  2. La lucidez es la herida mas cercana al sol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan E. Manuel Roca

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La comunicación interpersonal, muchas veces es dejada de lado por los comunicólogos, sin embargo tiene suma gravitación en las relaciones cotidianas entre las personas y en los procesos comunicacionales, toca el lenguaje de los gestos, la (in comunicación política, ceremonial y protocolo, intermediación en la comunicación, los jóvenes se incomunican. Respecto al Periodismo Investigativo señala que a pesar de los riesgos que implica el periodismo investigativo, muchos profesionales de América Latina no dudan en practicarlo, escudriñando muchas veces en temas que de no ser por ellos permanecerían ocultos. En otro artículo se habla de la importante repercusión que tuvo en América Latina el concurso CHASQUI, el que contó con la participación de profesionales de todo el continente. Incluye la entrega de entrevistas a destacados comunicadores de América Latina. Una sección está dedicada a las nuevas tecnologías: red de noticias y transmisiones vía satélite.

  3. Mobilisations collectives et femmes immigrées en France

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    Sylvie Thiéblemont-Dollet

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Si nombreuses que soient les études ayant trait à l’immigration en France (et plus particulièrement masculine, aborder l’immigration sous l’angle des femmes immigrées et des processus communicationnels qu'elles ont développés en terre d’accueil est un apport essentiel aux sciences humaines. C’est pourquoi, cet article traite du thème de la mobilisation collective entre 2000 et 2008, par le biais des actions et des processus communicationnels mis en œuvre par des femmes immigrées ou issues de l’immigration, originaires du Maghreb et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus particulièrement à partir de l’exemple du mouvement Ni Putes Ni Soumises. Analyser les réseaux d’interdépendance et de « contagion » entre ces actrices aux origines sociales identiques, faisant que ces femmes expriment un sentiment d’exclusion et associent leur statut social (chômage, profession sous-qualifiée, ethnique (origine maghrébine ou africaine et spatial (cité, banlieue, quartier dit difficile, à un même stigmate les reléguant à un univers discriminatoire, dégager les spécificités de leurs paroles selon les espaces et les temporalités où elles ont été délivrées, saisir leurs manières de s’organiser et leurs possibilités de mobilisation, sont les grands axes de cette réflexion. Suggérer enfin que ces femmes constituent un corps social émergent et mutant est une autre manière de lire ce texte. Émergent, parce qu’il est relativement récent du point de vue de sa visibilité dans la sphère publique et mutant, parce qu’il intègre des femmes qui participent d’un changement en train de se faire dans la société française et qui donnent une nouvelle image d’elles : non pas celle de féministes au sens classique du terme et de ce qui peut s’y rattacher, mais celle qui s’inscrit dans la perspective de comportement de genre à entendre comme mixité et modalités d’interaction entre femmes et hommes. Enfin

  4. Complex dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Carleson, Lennart

    1993-01-01

    Complex dynamics is today very much a focus of interest. Though several fine expository articles were available, by P. Blanchard and by M. Yu. Lyubich in particular, until recently there was no single source where students could find the material with proofs. For anyone in our position, gathering and organizing the material required a great deal of work going through preprints and papers and in some cases even finding a proof. We hope that the results of our efforts will be of help to others who plan to learn about complex dynamics and perhaps even lecture. Meanwhile books in the field a. re beginning to appear. The Stony Brook course notes of J. Milnor were particularly welcome and useful. Still we hope that our special emphasis on the analytic side will satisfy a need. This book is a revised and expanded version of notes based on lectures of the first author at UCLA over several \\Vinter Quarters, particularly 1986 and 1990. We owe Chris Bishop a great deal of gratitude for supervising the production of cour...

  5. Cosmic Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mather, John C.

    2012-01-01

    What explains the extraordinary complexity of the observed universe, on all scales from quarks to the accelerating universe? My favorite explanation (which I certainty did not invent) ls that the fundamental laws of physics produce natural instability, energy flows, and chaos. Some call the result the Life Force, some note that the Earth is a living system itself (Gaia, a "tough bitch" according to Margulis), and some conclude that the observed complexity requires a supernatural explanation (of which we have many). But my dad was a statistician (of dairy cows) and he told me about cells and genes and evolution and chance when I was very small. So a scientist must look for me explanation of how nature's laws and statistics brought us into conscious existence. And how is that seemll"!gly Improbable events are actually happening a!1 the time? Well, the physicists have countless examples of natural instability, in which energy is released to power change from simplicity to complexity. One of the most common to see is that cooling water vapor below the freezing point produces snowflakes, no two alike, and all complex and beautiful. We see it often so we are not amazed. But physlc!sts have observed so many kinds of these changes from one structure to another (we call them phase transitions) that the Nobel Prize in 1992 could be awarded for understanding the mathematics of their common features. Now for a few examples of how the laws of nature produce the instabilities that lead to our own existence. First, the Big Bang (what an insufficient name!) apparently came from an instability, in which the "false vacuum" eventually decayed into the ordinary vacuum we have today, plus the most fundamental particles we know, the quarks and leptons. So the universe as a whole started with an instability. Then, a great expansion and cooling happened, and the loose quarks, finding themselves unstable too, bound themselves together into today's less elementary particles like protons and

  6. ¿Cuál es el objetivo principal de la mercadotecnia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Gerardo Barroso Tanoira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hay quienes piensan que el objetivo principal de la mercadotecnia es vender más, o bien, colocar productos y distribuirlos, o que es una herramienta para atraer a los clientes o inclusive para manipularlos. El objetivo del presente ensayo es reflexionar sobre el objetivo principal de esta disciplina, la cual es realmente una filosofía de vida empresarial. Se concluye que dicho objetivo es fomentar el intercambio voluntario entre dos o más partes que tienen algo que interesa a unos y a otros entre sí. El resultado de dicho intercambio, el cual es la clave en el proceso de la mercadotecnia, es lograr más ventas a través de satisfacer a los clientes y conseguir su lealtad mediante la identificación de sus necesidades y deseos, conjuntándolos con productos y servicios de calidad. Otra conclusión es que la satisfacción del cliente y las ventas, que para la empresa son objetivos, para la mercadotecnia son resultados del correcto fomento del intercambio voluntario en la gestión de negocios, el cual es su objetivo como disciplina en sí. Por otra parte, tampoco puede decirse que el mercadólogo sea un creador de necesidades ya que su papel es detectarlas y proponer los satisfactores para las mismas.

  7. ¿Es el cuadrado un rectángulo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Aya Corredor

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de un objeto geométrico está mediado, entre otras cosas, por las experiencias que se tienen con él. La hipótesis de este estudio es que realizar un proceso de conceptualización de un objeto, con el uso de un entorno de geometría dinámica, ayuda no solo a formular, formalizar y estructurar definiciones jerárquicas y económicas de los objetos, sino además a hacer obstensible la definición con la que los estudiantes trabajan en un contexto de actividad demostrativa. Para sustentar la hipótesis se analizaron sesiones de clases de dos espacios académicos consecutivos de un programa de formación inicial de profesores, y un cuestionario aplicado a los estudiantes. Se buscaron así evidencias que permitieran, sustentado en el marco teórico que orientó el estudio, determinar el impacto de trabajar en un entorno donde se usa un software de geometría dinámica como mediador para el aprendizaje. Los resultados permitieron establecer, entre otras cosas, que el trabajo realizado con geometría dinámica debe ir acompañado de acciones intencionadas orientadas por la docente. Se evidenció que se continúan presentando, aún después de usar geometría dinámica, varias dificultades respecto al concepto del objeto geométrico cuadrado, como el predominio de los aspectos figurales sobre los conceptuales, y la dificultad para modificar las definiciones personales del concepto y las imágenes conceptuales, que surgen cuando los estudiantes realizan actividad demostrativa.

  8. ¿Qué es una emoción?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mora Teruel, Francisco

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Gregorio Marañón wrote relatively little about emotion. Nevertheless, he considered emotion to be “one of the most interesting problems of human life.” This article describes the basic brain processes of emotion that motivates living beings to follow patterns of behaviour whose ultimate meaning is the survival of the individual and the species. A description is given here of the emotional processing of sensory information. It is noted that any process of conscious learning and memory is always emotionally coloured. Finally, one of the main conclusions of this article is that there is no rational thought without a previous emotional process in the brain. There is no reason without emotion. This is a conclusion that would probably have amazed Professor Marañón.El Dr. Gregorio Marañón no escribió mucho sobre la emoción. Pero sí es cierto que consideró que se trataba de “uno de los problemas más interesantes de la vida humana”. En este artículo se describen los procesos cerebrales básicos de la emoción que nos alertan y motivan hacia la realización de conductas en cuyo significado último se encuentra la supervivencia del individuo y de la especie. Se describe el procesamiento emocional de la información sensorial. Se señala que todo proceso de aprendizaje y memoria consciente siempre viene coloreado emocionalmente. Y se destaca que el profesor Marañón posiblemente mostraría asombro ante una de las principales conclusiones de este artículo en las que se indica que no hay pensamiento sin una emoción previa que lo alimente. Que no hay razón sin emoción.

  9. SRS ES and H Standards Compliance Program Implementation Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hearn, W.H.

    1993-01-01

    On March 8, 1990, the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) issued Recommendation 90-2 to the Secretary of Energy. This recommendation, based upon the DNFSB's initial review and evaluation of the content and implementation of standards relating to the design, construction, operations, and decommissioning of defense nuclear facilities of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), called for three actions: identification of specific standards that apply to design, construction, operation and decommissioning of DOE facilities; assessment of the adequacy of those standards for protecting public health and safety; and determination of the extent to which they have and are being implemented. The purpose of this Implementation Plan is to define the single program for all sitewide and facility 90-2 ES and H Standards Compliance efforts, which will satisfy the HQ Implementation Plan, avoid duplicate efforts, be as simple and achievable as possible, include cost-saving innovations, use a graded approach based on facility hazards and future needs of facilities, and support configuration control for facility requirements. The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) has been designated a pilot facility for the 90-2 program and has progressed with their facility program ahead of the site-level program. The DWPF, and other Government-Owned Contractor-Operated (GOCO) facilities that progress on an enhanced schedule, will serve as pilot facilities for the site-level program. The lessons learned with their requirement identifications, and their assessments of the adequacy of and their compliance with these requirements will be used to improve the efficiency of the site-level and subsequent programs

  10. Que es lo que queda cuando el agua se va

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Ascui Fernández

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available El agua siempre deja huellas de su paso. Las aguas del Nilo, después de inundar las llanuras del río, se retiraban dejando el suelo colmado de los nutrientes que habían traído desde el corazón de África. Las costas de Chile han sido modeladas por el ir y venir de las aguas marinas, el río Ibáñez ha esculpido un profundo canal en la roca para abrirse paso, dando nacimiento a un magnífico lugar conocido como Garganta del río Ibáñez. Las cascadas horadan montañas para poder deslizarse como blancas lágrimas, la sobrecogedora belleza de los glaciares ha dejado potentes huellas de sus trayectorias. La lluvia también deposita marcas en los lugares y superficies que moja. A veces son apenas sutiles señales como el musgo que crece en las piedras húmedas o en el perfume de los bosques de Valdivia, con su tierra negra y empapada de lluvia y rocío. Otras veces las huellas del agua están presentes en la arquitectura como ocurre con los palafitos de Castro o Caleta Tortel, donde las casas se levantan para tomar distancia del agua que se mueve al ritmo de las mareas. En otras ocasiones, las huellas del descorren el velo de un drama urbano; es lo que ocurrió con la inundación del invierno pasado. Las huellas del agua aún son visibles en las paredes manchadas, en los muebles, en los pisos. El agua se fue pero dejando tras de sí un desalentador recuerdo de su paso por las ciudades, los pueblos y las casas.

  11. Concentra??o nas exporta??es de eletroeletr?nicos do Polo Industrial de Manaus: aspectos quantitativos e percep??es institucionais

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Vitor Cesar Pican?o

    2012-01-01

    Esta disserta??o tem como objetivo principal analisar a evolu??o da concentra??o das exporta??es do Subsetor de Eletroeletr?nicos do Polo Industrial de Manais - PIM, verificando as poss?veis implica??es de tal fen?meno em termos de afeta??o no ?mbito comercial do mesmo. Os dados da pesquisa compreendem dois n?veis: dados secund?rios de com?rcio exterior, provenientes dos sistemas de acompanhamento e controle do fluxo de exporta??es do Minist?rio da Ind?stria e Com?rcio MDIC e Superint...

  12. Polycomb complexes act redundantly to repress genomic repeats and genes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leeb, Martin; Pasini, Diego; Novatchkova, Maria

    2010-01-01

    Polycomb complexes establish chromatin modifications for maintaining gene repression and are essential for embryonic development in mice. Here we use pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells to demonstrate an unexpected redundancy between Polycomb-repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 during...... the formation of differentiated cells. ES cells lacking the function of either PRC1 or PRC2 can differentiate into cells of the three germ layers, whereas simultaneous loss of PRC1 and PRC2 abrogates differentiation. On the molecular level, the differentiation defect is caused by the derepression of a set...

  13. PADRÕES DE DISTRIBUIÇÕES ESPACIAIS E TEMPORAIS DE TEMPERATURAS ASSOCIADOS AO BIOMA CERRADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicali Bleyer Ferreira dos Santos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de vegetación es un factor importante en el mantenimiento de los procesos biogeoquímicos de la naturaleza. En el Cerrado, la conversión de la vegetación natural en las áreas de la agricultura y de pastoreo induce cambios en las variables biofísicas tales como la temperatura de superficie, altamente sensible a los cambios en la cubierta terrestre. Así, con el fin de contribuir a la comprensión de la dinámica de causa y efecto del uso y ocupación de la región del Cerrado en variables biofísicas, este estudio pretende analizar, a partir de informaciones procedentes del sensor orbital (producto MOD11 - Land Surface Temperature, la correlación entre la ocupación de la tierra y la variabilidad térmica de la superfície. El estúdio fue hecho para el año 2003 en los meses de mayo y septiembre (principio y fin de la sequía. Con este fin, su investigación ha vinculado las diversas formas de ocupación (expresadas por las categorías de uso del suelo con la temperatura de superficie. El análisis de los datos mostro diferencias térmicas significtivas entre las classes naturales e antropizadas y revelo las dependências espaciales de la temperatura de la superfície, com uma fuerte influencia de la estacionalidad.

  14. Le partenariat mondial sur les données ouvertes pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les données ouvertes favorisent le changement. Au Brésil, au Népal et au Nigeria, certaines personnes utilisent les données publiquement accessibles sur le budget gouvernemental pour repérer et combattre la corruption. Des analystes de données et des développeurs en TI d'autres pays en développement améliorent ...

  15. Distribution des durées de séjour par Diagnosis Related Group

    OpenAIRE

    Eggli, Yves; Koehn, Véronique; Paccaud, Fred; Moyard M. (Collab.),

    1988-01-01

    Ce cahier fournit les principales informations concernant les durées de séjour et le nombre de sorties observées dans 33 hôpitaux suisses pour l'années 1984. La description des clientèles hospitalières est fondée sur les "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRG), qui forment une classification de 472 groupes de patients hospitalisés. [Auteurs, p. 1

  16. Adaptation socioculturelle des collectivités de caboclos aux marées ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les caboclos d'Amazonie ont constaté que les marées extrêmes (appelées lançantes) dans les plaines d'inondation de l'estuaire de l'Amazone, au Brésil, avaient changé au cours des trente dernières années. Ces changements ont eu un effet négatif sur les cultures traditionnelles, mais une incidence positive sur ...

  17. Plantes alimentaires d'intérêt médicinal utilisées par les Pygmées ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'usage des plantes dans les thérapies traditionnelles et en alimentation est primordial pour les populations des zones tropicales en général et celles des zones forestières et principalement des Pygmées en particulier. Le présent article contribue à la connaissance des plantes alimentaires d'intérêt médicinal utilisées en ...

  18. Analysis of environment, safety, and health (ES{ampersand}H) management systems for Department of Energy (DOE) Defense Programs (DP) facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neglia, A. V., LLNL

    1998-03-01

    each system with respect to ES&H, the hazard of concern, and any limitations with respect to the TQM categories. A summary evaluation and explanation of each of the systems is provided in Section 4 of the paper. Several other ES&H systems were reviewed in preparation of the paper, but were not specifically included as a system in this matrix. Only those ES&H management systems that are potentially applicable to DOE Defense Program sites were included as part of the matrix comparison. A description of other ES&H management systems that were evaluated, but not specifically incorporated in this matrix comparison, are provided in Attachment 3 entitled, `Other ES&H Management Systems Reviewed.` In the past, it has been difficult integrating ES&H into work planning for several reasons. One barrier to this integration has been the complexity caused by the existence of several `stove pipe` ES&H systems. By analyzing the unique elements of the various ES&H systems, as well as their strengths and limitations, and their similarities and differences, it is envisioned that this paper will aid in facilitating the integration of ES&H into work planning. This paper was developed by the Office of Defense Programs (DP-45) and all questions or comments should be directed to Anthony Neglia of that office at (301) 903-3531 or Anthony.Neglia@dp.doe.gov.

  19. Modelo alternativo para diagn?stico do clima organizacional em institui??es de ensino

    OpenAIRE

    Montes, Ant?nio da Concei??o

    2015-01-01

    Embora perten?am a um mesmo sistema social, as organiza??es governamentais e comerciais, entre outras, possuem comportamentos e ambientes internos diferentes. As institui??es de ensino, por exemplo, diferem das outras organiza??es, n?o s? na arquitetura, mas tamb?m no clima interno e na cultura. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo, verificar e discutir um modelo de question?rio adequado para avalia??o do clima organizacional em institui??es de Ensino Superior. A avalia??o deste instrumento ...

  20. Short-term adaptations following Complex Training in team-sports: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Tomás T; Martinez-Rodriguez, Alejandro; Calleja-González, Julio; Alcaraz, Pedro E

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this meta-analysis was to study the short-term adaptations on sprint and vertical jump (VJ) performance following Complex Training (CT) in team-sports. CT is a resistance training method aimed at developing both strength and power, which has a direct effect on sprint and VJ. It consists on alternating heavy resistance training exercises with plyometric/power ones, set for set, on the same workout. A search of electronic databases up to July 2016 (PubMed-MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Knowledge) was conducted. Inclusion criteria: 1) at least one CT intervention group; 2) training protocols ≥4-wks; 3) sample of team-sport players; 4) sprint or VJ as an outcome variable. Effect sizes (ES) of each intervention were calculated and subgroup analyses were performed. A total of 9 studies (13 CT groups) met the inclusion criteria. Medium effect sizes (ES) (ES = 0.73) were obtained for pre-post improvements in sprint, and small (ES = 0.41) in VJ, following CT. Experimental-groups presented better post-intervention sprint (ES = 1.01) and VJ (ES = 0.63) performance than control-groups. large ESs were exhibited in younger athletes (training programs >12 total sessions (ES = 0.74). Large ESs in programs with >12 total sessions (ES = 0.81). Medium ESs obtained for under-Division I individuals (ES = 0.56); protocols with intracomplex rest intervals ≥2 min (ES = 0.55); conditioning activities with intensities ≤85% 1RM (ES = 0.64); basketball/volleyball players (ES = 0.55). Small ESs were found for younger athletes (ES = 0.42); interventions ≥6 weeks (ES = 0.45). CT interventions have positive medium effects on sprint performance and small effects on VJ in team-sport athletes. This training method is a suitable option to include in the season planning.

  1. Segmentation et indexation d'objets complexes dans les images de bandes déssinées

    OpenAIRE

    Rigaud, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    Nacido en el siglo 19, los historietas se utilizan para la expresión de ideas a través de secuencias de imágenes, a menudo en combinación con el texto y los gráficos. El cómic esta considerado como un noveno arte, arte secuencial, salida con los avances en la impresión y la Internet en todo el mundo en periódicos, libros y revistas. Hoy en día, el creciente desarrollo de las nuevas tecnologías y la World Wide Web (el lienzo Internet) da lugar a nuevas formas de expresión que lleva el papel a ...

  2. iES - An Intelligent Electronic Sales Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stanton, V L; Korbe III, W; Gao, J G

    2003-10-02

    Current e-commerce systems support online shopping based on electronic product catalogs. The major issues associated with catalog-based commerce systems are: difficulty in distinguishing one retailer from another, complex navigation with confusing links, and a lack of personalized service. This paper reports an intelligent solution to address these issues. Our solution will provide a more personalized sales experience through the use of a transaction-based knowledge model that includes both the rules used for reasoning as well as the corresponding actions. Based on this solution, we have developed an intelligent electronic sales platform that is supported by a framework which provides the desired personalization as well as extensibility and customization capabilities. This paper reports our design and development of this system and application examples.

  3. Daytime dependence of disturbances of ionospheric Es-layers connected to earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liperovskaya, E. V.; Liperovsky, A. V.; Meister, C.-V.; Silina, A. S.

    2012-04-01

    In the present work variations of the semi-transparency of the sporadic E-layer of the ionosphere due to seismic activities are studied. The semi-transparency Q is determined by the blanketing frequency fbEs and the characteristic frequency foEs, Q = (foEs - fbEs)/fbEs. At low values of the blanketing frequency fbEs, the critical frequency foEs does not describe the maximum ionisation density of the Es-layer, as the critical frequencies of regular ionospheric layers (e.g. foF2) do, but it describes the occurrence of small-scall (tenths of meters) inhomogeneities of the ionisation density along the vertical in the layer. The maximum ionisation density of the sporadic layer is proportional to the square of fbEs. In the case of vertical ionospheric sounding, the sporadic layer becomes transparent for signals with frequencies larger than fbEs. Investigations showed that about three days before an earthquake an increase of the semi-transparency interval is observed during sunset and sunrise. In the present work, analogous results are found for data of the vertical sounding stations "Tokyo" and "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky". Using the method of superposition of epoches, more than 50 earthquakes with magnitudes M > 5, depths h < 40 km, and distances between the station and the epicenter R < 300 km are considered in case of the vertical sounding station "Tokyo". More than 20 earthquakes with such parameters were analysed in case of the station "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky". Days with strong geomagnetic activity were excluded from the analysis. According to the station "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky" about 1-3 days before earthquakes, an increase of Es-spread is observed a few hours before midnight. This increase is a sign of large-scale inhomogeneities in the sporadic layers.

  4. "Acá es así": Hinchadas de fútbol, violencia y territorios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Garriga Zucal

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone analizar uno de los mecanismos de legitimación que utilizan los integrantes de una hinchada de fútbol para hacer aceptables sus acciones violentas. La práctica violenta es parte de una forma de ser que define a los miembros de este grupo y que conforma un complejo sistema que otorga prestigio y honor a los practicantes de acciones violentas. La honra de los violentos se sustenta en una base de aceptación de las prácticas distintivas; base que es construida a través de distintas herramientas que confieren legitimidad a prácticas que son socialmente estigmatizadas. Analizaremos cómo ciertas particularidades del espacio, del barrio, son los asideros lógicos, que construyen los adherentes de la hinchada para reconocer la validez de sus acciones. Pretendemos desnudar la lógica subyacente de esta construcción: la retórica de instaurar la validez de las acciones en la morfología del espacio encubre que son los sentidos de las relaciones sociales las que validan prácticas y representaciones.This work intends to analyze one of the legitimation mechanisms that use the hooligans of a soccer gang to make acceptable their violent actions. Violent practice is part of a way of being that defines the members of this group and forms a complex system that grants prestige and honor to those who perform it. The honor of violent people is founded on the acceptance of distinctive practices; a basis that is built through different tools that confer legitimacy to practices that are socially stigmatized. We will analyze how certain particularities of space, neighborhood, are the logical handholds that hooligans build to recognize their actions validity. We seek to reveal the underlying logic of this construction: the rhetoric of establishing the action validity on the space morphology hides that practices and representations are validated by the sense of the social relationships.

  5. Étude ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales commercialisées ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    2016-03-31

    Mar 31, 2016 ... médicinales commercialisées dans la ville de Douala (Cameroun). ... d'identifier 84 espèces réparties en 78 genres et 50 familles dont les plus représentées ont été les Asteraceae ...... Roles and Sustainable Use.

  6. Long-term effects of intratracheally instilled 253EsCl3 in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ballou, J.E.; Dagle, G.E.; Morrow, W.

    1975-01-01

    ts administered 253 EsCl 3 by intratracheal instillation developed more bone tumors and fewer lung tumors than similar rats administered 239 Pu(NO 3 ) 4 . In explanation, it is suggested that 253 Es may irradiatete bone surface cells more effectively while 239 Pu may irradiate a greater total number of cells in the lung. (U.S.)

  7. Anti-diabetic drugs in the private and public sector in Dar es Salaam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To compare availability, cost, affordability and sources of anti-diabetic drugs between private and public health facilities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Setting: Diabetic clinics in private and public health facilities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Subjects: Eighty patients ...

  8. MODELS FOR MOUSE CHIMERA PRODUCTION: AGGREGATION OF ES CELLS WITH CLEAVAGE STAGE EMBRYOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STANCA CLAUDIA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In a mutant ES cells↔ wild-type embryo chimera, ES cells behave more like epiblastcells. They can contribute to the primitive ectoderm layers, which give rise to all theembryonic tissues and some extraembryonic tissues (Beddington and Robertson,1989, but not to trophectoderm or primitive endoderm. Using transgenic ES celllines, aggregated with cleavage stage host embryo, ES cells can integrate randomlyin the embryo proper. If they will be take part in the formation of ICM (inner cellmass, it will be possible to obtain germline chimera animals. To generate ES cells↔ cleavage stage host embryo chimeras, we used (CD-1 mice as donors of hostembryos as well as recipients of manipulated embryos. For chimera production, weused fluorescent-labeled ES cell line (CD1/EGFP, because in this case we canfollow the fate of ES cells during the embryonic development. We produced thechimers using “aggregation chimera technique”. 8 cells stage zona pellucida free,mouse embryos were aggregated in an aggregation plates, with a clump of ES cells(10 – 15 cells. The chimera embryos were cultivated for 24 hours in the incubator(at 37 °C, 5% CO2 in air. The chimera blastocysts resulted after cultivation, weretransferred to the uterus of the 2.5-dpc pseudo pregnant females.

  9. University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal - Vol 9, No 1 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gender Analysis Of Electronic Information Resource Use: The Case Of The University Of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ... A Bibliometric Study Of Research On Dar Es Salaam Region: 1980 To 2003 · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT

  10. MODELS FOR MOUSE CHIMERA PRODUCTION: AGGREGATION OF ES CELLS WITH CLEAVAGE STAGE EMBRYOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA STANCA

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available In a mutant ES cells↔ wild-type embryo chimera, ES cells behave more like epiblastcells. They can contribute to the primitive ectoderm layers, which give rise to all theembryonic tissues and some extraembryonic tissues (Beddington and Robertson,1989, but not to trophectoderm or primitive endoderm. Using transgenic ES celllines, aggregated with cleavage stage host embryo, ES cells can integrate randomlyin the embryo proper. If they will be take part in the formation of ICM (inner cellmass, it will be possible to obtain germline chimera animals. To generate ES cells↔ cleavage stage host embryo chimeras, we used (CD-1 mice as donors of hostembryos as well as recipients of manipulated embryos. For chimera production, weused fluorescent-labeled ES cell line (CD1/EGFP, because in this case we canfollow the fate of ES cells during the embryonic development. We produced thechimers using “aggregation chimera technique”. 8 cells stage zona pellucida free,mouse embryos were aggregated in an aggregation plates, with a clump of ES cells(10 – 15 cells. The chimera embryos were cultivated for 24 hours in the incubator(at 37 °C, 5% CO2 in air. The chimera blastocysts resulted after cultivation, weretransferred to the uterus of the 2.5-dpc pseudo pregnant females.

  11. The Typology of Female Sex Workers in Dar-es-Salaam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To establish the categories of female sex workers in Dar es Salaam. Methods: We conducted in depth-interviews with 32 female sex workers (FSWs) in five geographic areas of Dar-es-Salaam known to be the primary residential and working places, three local government leaders in three of the five areas known ...

  12. Epidemiological Studies on Bovine Mastitis in Smallholder Dairy Herds in the Dar es Salaam Region, Tanzania

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kivaria, F.M.

    2006-01-01

    Recently the number of milking cows has increased substantially in the Dar es Salaam region due to an increasing demand for fresh milk in this densely populated urban centre. It is estimated that there are 1,765 smallholder dairy herds with 8,233 improved dairy animals in and around the Dar es

  13. «Magma»: as origens de Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Cláudio Vieira de Oliveira

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Leitura de Magma, de Guimarães Rosa, com o objetivo de indicar a presença de temas, fragmentos, personagens, expressões e recursos estilísticos ali existentes, em outros textos do autor, cronologicamente posteriores.Palavras-chave: Literatura brasileira; Guimarães Rosa; Magma.Résumé: Lecture de Magma, de Guimarães Rosa, ayant l’objectif de montrer la présence de quelques sujets, fragments, personnages, expressions et traits stylistiques, que y sont présents, et aussi dans autres textes du même auteur, chronologiquement postérieurs.Mots-clés: Littérature brésilienne; Guimarães Rosa; Magma.Keywords: Brazilian literature; Guimarães Rosa; Magma.

  14. Studies of sporadic E (Es) associated with the main ionospheric trough

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodger, A.S.; Morrell, C.; Dudeney, J.R.

    1983-01-01

    Sporadic E, or E(s) events under the main F region trough have been confirmed on the basis of ionograms from a vertical incidence ionosonde at Halley Bay, Antarctica. Analyses indicate that E(s) is frequently observable under both the equatorward and the poleward edges of the trough, as well as poleward of it. Before magnetic midnight, E(s) layers whose semithickness resembles those of the normal E layer are common, in contrast to layers seen after magnetic midnight which show the characteristics of thin E(s) layers. A possible explanation of the observed change in the E(s) layer characteristics at magnetic midnight is related to differences in the type and spectra of the precipitating particles. It is shown that the redistribution of ionization by the convection electric field may be important. 40 references

  15. TRANSFORMAÇÕES DO CORPO: Era parabiose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keline da Costa Brito

    2016-07-01

    made if it relates to a normative discourse as the type of food, exercise, and the use of drugs and prostheses to extend the power of bodies. Concomitantly is used genetic engineering enabling alternative of a body enhanced by the use of biotechnological artifacts that aims to extend the natural human form, ie a parabiosis. The Biopower is performed daily, and acts in various ways through the mechanisms of power, these potentiated control of life, without this use physical force to impose their control. What can be fantastic for human evolution, it can also become something unprecedented. Therefore, the body has become an enterprise to be administered, in which, without realizing it, is being transformed and "perfected", resulting in a chimera for philosophy. Keywords: Body; Subjectivity; Control; Biotechnology. TRANSFORMACIÓN DEL CUERPO: Era parabiosis RESUMEN Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar los cambios que el cuerpo ha sufrido debido a la visión mecanicista que le ha cambiando, y su dimensión biológica, la subjetividad del individuo y su relación con el medio ambiente, como resultado de la adaptación de la biotecnología para cuerpo. Partimos del planteamiento heideggeriano que preocuparnos sobre el uso tecnológico de la persona, y al mismo tiempo vamos a utilizar el análisis de la rentabilidad del cuerpo político de Foucault. Esto hizo que si se refiere a un discurso normativo como el tipo de alimentación, el ejercicio y el uso de medicamentos y prótesis para extender el poder de los cuerpos. Al mismo tiempo se utiliza la ingeniería genética permite alternativa de un cuerpo mejorado por el uso de artefactos biotecnológicos que tiene por objeto ampliar la forma humana natural, es decir, un parabiosis. El biopoder se realiza todos los días, y actúa de diversas maneras a través de los mecanismos de poder, control de éstos potenciada de la vida, sin esta fuerza física utilización de imponer su control. ¿Qué puede ser fantástico para la

  16. Interdependence of domestic malaria prevention measures and mosquito-human interactions in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mshinda Hassan

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Successful malaria vector control depends on understanding behavioural interactions between mosquitoes and humans, which are highly setting-specific and may have characteristic features in urban environments. Here mosquito biting patterns in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania are examined and the protection against exposure to malaria transmission that is afforded to residents by using an insecticide-treated net (ITN is estimated. Methods Mosquito biting activity over the course of the night was estimated by human landing catch in 216 houses and 1,064 residents were interviewed to determine usage of protection measures and the proportion of each hour of the night spent sleeping indoors, awake indoors, and outdoors. Results Hourly variations in biting activity by members of the Anopheles gambiae complex were consistent with classical reports but the proportion of these vectors caught outdoors in Dar es Salaam was almost double that of rural Tanzania. Overall, ITNs confer less protection against exophagic vectors in Dar es Salaam than in rural southern Tanzania (59% versus 70%. More alarmingly, a biting activity maximum that precedes 10 pm and much lower levels of ITN protection against exposure (38% were observed for Anopheles arabiensis, a vector of modest importance locally, but which predominates transmission in large parts of Africa. Conclusion In a situation of changing mosquito and human behaviour, ITNs may confer lower, but still useful, levels of personal protection which can be complemented by communal transmission suppression at high coverage. Mosquito-proofing houses appeared to be the intervention of choice amongst residents and further options for preventing outdoor transmission include larviciding and environmental management.

  17. Le suicide et les hospitalisations associées à des blessures auto-infligées au Canada (1979 à 2014-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Skinner

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cette étude a pour objet de décrire, à l’aide de données administratives canadiennes, les tendances et les caractéristiques des blessures auto-infligées entre 1979 et 2014-2015, afin d’orienter et d’améliorer les mesures de prévention du suicide. Méthodologie : Les données sur la mortalité par suicide et sur les congés des patients ont été extraites des fonds de données de l’Agence de la santé publique du Canada (ASPC provenant de la Base canadienne de données sur l’état civil – Décès (BCDEC-D de Statistique Canada (1979 à 2012, du Système canadien d’information socioéconomique (CANSIM 2011, 2012, de la Base de données sur la morbidité hospitalière (BDMH, 1994- 1995 à 2010-2011 et de la Base de données sur les congés des patients (BDCP, 2011-2012 à 2014-2015. Le nombre de cas et les taux de décès et d’hospitalisation ont été répartis par sexe, tranche d’âge de 5 ans et méthode. Résultats : Le taux de suicide au Canada (hommes et femmes confondus, tous âges, et taux normalisé selon l’âge et le sexe a diminué, passant de 14,4/100 000 (n = 3 355 en 1979 à 10,4/100 000 (n = 3 926 en 2012, soit une variation annuelle en pourcentage (VAP de –1,2 % (IC à 95 % : –1,3 à –1,0. Cependant, cette tendance n’a pas été observée chez les deux sexes : chez les femmes, les taux de suicide se sont stabilisés vers les années 1990, tandis que chez les hommes, ils ont continué de décliner au fil du temps – malgré le fait que les suicides chez les hommes constituent toujours 75,7 % de tous les suicides en 2012. La suffocation (pendaison et strangulation était en 2012 la principale méthode de suicide (46,9 % chez les Canadiens de tous âges, suivie de l’intoxication (23,3 %. Au cours de l’exercice 2014-2015, il y a eu 13 438 hospitalisations au Canada (à l’exclusion du Québec associées à des blessures auto-infligées – ce qui représente plus de trois fois le

  18. La Neurociencia Computacional hoy: I. Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Cortés

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La Neurociencia Computacional es una disciplina consolidada, con más de 20 años de desarrollo, y que emplea técnicas muy diversas para entender diferentes computaciones cerebrales. Aquí se introduce brevemente mediante dos artículos. En el primero, “Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio”, se introducen de forma muy general cuáles son sus objetivos como ciencia y los problemas con los que se encuentra. En el segundo, mediante “Un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo” abordamos su metodología y destacamos la trascendencia que la Neurociencia Computacional está teniendo y tendrá dentro de las Neurociencias.

  19. Department of Energy HEU ES and H vulnerability assessment, Savannah River Site, Site Assessment Team report. Revision 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geddes, R.L.; Barone, A.; Shook, H.E. Varner, C.E.; Rollins, R.

    1996-01-01

    This report fulfills the directive issued by the Secretary of Energy on February 22, 1996 to complete a comprehensive assessment of potential vulnerabilities associated with the management of highly enriched uranium (HEU) throughout the DOE complex. In a subsequent letter instruction, the DOE-SR Field Office formally directed WSRC to conduct an assessment of the HEU materials at SRS. The term ''ES and H vulnerabilities'' is defined for the purpose of this assessment to mean conditions or weaknesses that could lead to unnecessary or increased exposure of workers or the public to radiation or to HEU-associated chemical hazards, or to the release of radioactive materials to the environment. The assessment will identify and prioritize ES and H vulnerabilities, and will serve as an information base for identifying corrective actions for the safe management of HEU. Primary facilities that hold HEU at SRS are H-Canyon, K-Reactor assembly area, K, L, and P-Reactor disassembly basins, and the Receiving Basin for Offsite Fuels (RBOF)

  20. Transporte diferencial de polen por colibríes en una planta diestílica: no es lo mismo picos cortos que largos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Morales Guzmán

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Las poblaciones de plantas diestílicas usualmente tienen individuos que producen flores con estigmas largos y anteras cortas (flores longiestiladas, Pin, o individuos con estilos cortos y anteras largas (flores breviestiladas, Thrum. Estas características promueven la polinización cruzada asumiendo hercogamia recíproca. Sin embargo, se ha sugerido que cuando el forrajeo de sus polinizadores es selectivo hacia algún morfo, el flujo del polen se puede tornar altamente asimétrico. Asimismo, la correspondencia entre anteras y estigmas de ambos morfos puede desviarse de la reciprocidad perfecta, y promover un éxito reproductivo diferencial entre los morfos, y como consecuencia llevar a la especie a evolucionar otros sistemas reproductivos tales como la dioecia. Estas características hacen que las plantas diestílicas sean un modelo interesante para estudiar procesos relacionados con la especialización de las funciones sexuales y evaluar el papel de los polinizadores en promoverla. Bouvardia ternifolia es una planta herbácea distílica presente en el Parque Nacional La Malinche, Tlaxcala, cuyos principales visitantes son cinco especies de colibríes. En el presente estudio, evaluamos el nivel de reciprocidad de los órganos sexuales (anteras y estigmas de los morfos de esta planta y se realizaron pruebas cualitativas y cuantitativas sobre los sitios de deposición de polen en sus colibríes visitantes. Asimismo, llevamos a cabo pruebas de polinización con colibríes de las cinco especies en ambos morfos, y la producción de semillas fue cuantificada. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que las flores de B. ternifolia no son completamente recíprocas en sus estructuras sexuales, lo cual afecta la forma en que el polen de ambos morfos es depositado al ser visitado por el gremio de colibríes. Asimismo, se mostró que la deposición diferencial de polen podría ser producto tanto de la falta de reciprocidad total como de las diferencias en la

  1. Integrated urban malaria control: a case study in dar es salaam, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldas de Castro, Marcia; Yamagata, Yoichi; Mtasiwa, Deo; Tanner, Marcel; Utzinger, Jurg; Keiser, Jennifer; Singer, Burton H

    2004-08-01

    The rapid growth of cities in sub-Saharan Africa, much of it driven by rural-urban migration, is associated with complex transformations of these ecosystems and an intricate set of challenges for malaria control. Urban malaria transmission is substantially less intense and much more focal than in rural and peri-urban settings. However, the danger of epidemics is higher and the presence of substantial non-immune populations places people of all ages at comparable levels of risk. The limited number of breeding sites in urban centers suggests that prevention strategies based on vector control, with emphasis on environmental management, should be a central feature of urban malaria control programs. We focus on malaria in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Following a brief review of the 100-year history of malaria control in this urban center, we describe and evaluate a control program that operated from 1988 to 1996 as a consequence of a bilateral agreement between the governments of Tanzania and Japan. We present an innovative urban malaria risk mapping methodology based on high-resolution aerial photography with ground-based validation. This strategy clarifies that remote sensing technology at a level of resolution of one meter is essential if this kind of information is to play a role in guiding the detailed specification of intervention strategies for urban malaria control. The Tanzania-Japan multiple-intervention malaria control program, adaptively implemented over time, is described and evaluated with implications for urban malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa more generally. Copyright 2004 The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

  2. Japan's electric power industry: responding to the challenges of the 3Es

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, J.

    1999-01-01

    With the rapid push toward deregulation in the power markets of North America, the European Union, and emerging economies, the business environment of the global power market has been dramatically altered in recent years. Profit margins, strategic overseas investments, and shareholder equity have replaced stability and predictability as the new business paradigm in the international electric power industry. Although Japan's electric power industry has not undergone the same degree of market liberalization experienced by its counterparts in North America and the European Union, this does not mean that Japan has escaped the challenges of the 3Es (economic, energy, and environmental changes), which have transformed the international electric power industry in recent years. With companies and consumers in Japan paying the highest price for electricity in the industrialized world, the high price of electricity represents an important business competitiveness issue for firms in energy - and export-intensive industries. This is particularly true now that Japan is desperately trying to end the economic turmoil caused by over regulation and a weak banking system. What remains to be seen is if Japan will be able to deregulate its electric power industry and at the same time, comply with the Kyoto climate change pledge of reducing the country's greenhouse emissions by 6% (compared to 1990 levels) in the next 10 years and continue to meet its energy security objective of expanding the use of nuclear power in the national energy supply. The complex interplay of domestic and international pressures on the national power market need to be explored in order to fully understand the policy challenges facing Japan's electric power industry. (author)

  3. Práticas populares de mães adolescentes no cuidado aos filhos

    OpenAIRE

    Tomeleri, Keli Regiane; Marcon, Sonia Silva

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar e descrever os cuidados populares adotados por mães adolescentes na assitência aos filhos nos seis primeiros meses de vida. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa desenvolvida com seis mães adolescentes residentes em Cambé - PR. Os dados foram coletados no período de fevereiro a abril de 2007, por meio de entrevistas semi-estruturadas, realizadas no domicílio em quatro momentos distintos:uma semana, um, quatro e seis meses após o nascimento. RESULTADOS: As mães adol...

  4. Capital humain et croissance : Evidences sur les données de pays Africains

    OpenAIRE

    Dorothée Boccanfuso; Luc Savard; Bernice E. Savy

    2009-01-01

    La théorie économique a pendant longtemps admis une relation positive entre le capital humain et la croissance économique (Smith, 1776 ; Becker, 1964) qui sera remise en cause à la fin des années 90 dans plusieurs études (Caselli et al., 1996 ; Pritchett, 2001). Parmi les faiblesses identifiées par ces auteurs, la critique relative à l’utilisation du nombre moyen d’années d’étude comme proxy utilisé pour évaluer le stock de capital humain est souvent avancée. La non prise en considération des...

  5. Green infrastructure for flood risk management in Dar es Salaam and Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mguni, Patience; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    2015-01-01

    , a comparison of the opportunities and barriers to the implementation of SUDS in Dar es Salaam and Copenhagen is presented. The results indicate that a bottom-up approach in Dar es Salaam is important, with the community level taking the lead, while in Copenhagen the top-down approach currently employed......The risk of flooding in urban areas could be better approached by complementing conventional sewer systems with sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) for storm-water management. This may be the case for developing world cities like Dar es Salaam with incomplete sewer services, as well as cities...

  6. Burnout enfermero: qué es y cómo prevenirlo

    OpenAIRE

    Díez Laso, Lorena

    2015-01-01

    El síndrome de Burnout es considerado un importante problema social, ya que muchos trabajadores padecen o pueden padecer sus consecuencias no siendo conscientes de ello. El personal de enfermería es de los más afectados por el Burnout, debido a las situaciones que viven y el entorno en el que trabajan. Eliminar el Burnout es imposible pero, a través de la promoción de la salud y la prevención mediante estrategias se puede llegar a controlar su aparición y desarrollo. El objetivo de esta monog...

  7. CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE O CONCEITO DE PAISAGEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liz Abad MAXIMIANO

    2004-12-01

    in Eastern and Western civilization. In ancient times, an environment out of human control was seen as a hostile element, so, there were closed gardens, built to enjoy plants, birds and leisure time. In the West, ideas and systematic studies started with Humboldt, who considered landscape to be a result of complex interactions between natural and human elements. Discussions would continue about the concept and evolving method for landscape studies, with an emphasis on geomorphology, or on vegetation, or on land use, or another aspect. There was a trend toward specialisation in the 60’s research, and Bertrand defined landscape as a dynamic and unstable combination of physical, biological and anthropic factors. In contemporary western geography, landscape is a visual product of interaction between natural and social elements. As landscape occupies space, it can be mapped by different scales and classified according to a particular method or an element of its totality. Landscape is not the same as space, but part of it; something like a parameter or multidimensional measure of spatial analysis.

  8. Producción argumentativa escrita -lengua materna- en contextos educativos bilingües y monolingües: grados 6º, 7º y 8º

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelmiro Galindo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación comparativa se comprobó la producción argumentativa escrita en lengua materna de alumnos bilingües (Grupo Experimental, GE y monolingües (Grupo Control, GC en 6º, 7º y 8º de secundaria, y la incidencia del grado escolar de la experiencia bilingüe sobre tal producción textual. Los resultados fueron, primero, únicamente en 7º y 8º, el GE superó al GC en tal producción y, segundo, los bilingües de mayor experiencia escolar sobrepasaron a los bilingües de menor experiencia en algunos aspectos de dicha producción. Se concluyó que la superioridad del GE sobre el GC en el texto argumentativo dependió de su avance en la escolaridad. Además, la experiencia escolar bilingüe modificó esta habilidad discursiva, según el criterio de evaluación involucrado y los grados escolares en comparación.

  9. Avaliação eletrocardiográfica em cães submetidos à pneumonectomia direita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo T. Irino

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O propósito das ressecções pulmonares em cães e gatos, quer sejam por lobectomia ou pneumonectomia, é a cura ou paliação de processos broncopulmonares sempre que os meios conservadores de tratamento clínico sejam considerados ineficientes. Tendo em vista as significativas alterações resultantes da pneumonectomia, novos estudos experimentais devem ser feitos para avaliar as vantagens dessa intervenção cirúrgica e determinar a maneira como aplicá-la com segurança. O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar as alterações eletrocardiográficas em dez cães adultos de ambos os sexos, sem raça definida, com 10-30 kg, submetidos à pneumonectomia direita. Foram avaliados diariamente os parâmetros clínicos de cada cão e as alterações em todas as derivações do eletrocardiograma. Todos os cães apresentaram um bom desenlace pós-operatório. Apenas um cão apresentou alteração de relevância clínica, um caso de complexos ventriculares prematuros, possivelmente decorrente da parada cardiorrespiratória, que foi revertido com sucesso. Houve diminuição da amplitude dos complexos QRS nos primeiros 14 dias, retornado ao normal após 60 dias de pós-operatório.The purpose for using lobectomy or pneumonectomy in dogs and cats, is to cure or palliate of bronchopulmonary diseases whenever conservative clinical treatment proves ineffective. Considering the marked changes caused by pneumonectomy, new experimental studies have to be done to assess the advantages of this surgical intervention allow its performance without any risk. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the electrocardiographic alterations in ten adult mongrel dogs of both sexes with between 10 and 30 Kg that were submitted to right pneumonectomy. The clinical parameters of the dogs were evaluated in a daily basis and the alterations in every electrocardiogram derivation were recorded. All dogs presented a good post-operative outcome. In most cases there were no

  10. I Pulmonary aspergilloma: A 15 years experience in Dar es Salaam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    College of Health Sciences,P 0 Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Email address: ... esisting lung cavity by a fungus of the genus aspergillus forming ... is a national referral and teaching hospital with a ... Thus, preoperative evaluation and.

  11. Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Veolia ES Technical Solutions, L.L.C. in Middlesex, New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veolia ES Technical Solutions is located at 125 Factory Lane in Middlesex, New Jersey. Veolia owns and operates a solvent-reprocessing facility that is located on a four-acre site in an industrial area of Middlesex Borough.

  12. esATAC: An Easy-to-use Systematic pipeline for ATAC-seq data analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Zheng; Zhang, Wei; Fang, Huan; Li, Yanda; Wang, Xiaowo

    2018-03-07

    ATAC-seq is rapidly emerging as one of the major experimental approaches to probe chromatin accessibility genome-wide. Here, we present "esATAC", a highly integrated easy-to-use R/Bioconductor package, for systematic ATAC-seq data analysis. It covers essential steps for full analyzing procedure, including raw data processing, quality control and downstream statistical analysis such as peak calling, enrichment analysis and transcription factor footprinting. esATAC supports one command line execution for preset pipelines, and provides flexible interfaces for building customized pipelines. esATAC package is open source under the GPL-3.0 license. It is implemented in R and C ++. Source code and binaries for Linux, MAC OS X and Windows are available through Bioconductor https://www.bioconductor.org/packages/release/bioc/html/esATAC.html). xwwang@tsinghua.edu.cn. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  13. Es que vamos hacia una sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. José Manuel de Pablos Coello

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad de la información que se avecina la transparencia es una de las claves. A través de la pequeña pantalla de la nueva tecnología telefónica, el usuario empieza a disfrutar de un primer estadio de interactividad digital. Otra de las características es la apertura de la tecnología hacia nuevas formas de operaciones y operadores. El temor que expresa el autor es el uso abusivo que las empresas puedan hacer de los datos manifestados de una llamada telefónica. Considera que es ahí donde ha de actuar el legislador para evitar que se haga un uso económico de datos ajenos, pero no impidiendo la glassnot de la sociedad de la información, todavía en etapa infantil y débil.

  14. Managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Dar es Salaam public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Dar es Salaam public health facilities: A focus on equipment, supplies, ... Tanzania Medical Journal ... A checklist was used to assess availability of equipment, supplies and drugs, and a structured ...

  15. Dr. E.S. Mulder, Die Teologie van die Jesaja-apokalipse (Jes. 24-27 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. E.S. Mulder, Die Teologie van die Jesaja-apokalipse (Jes. 24-27). Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van Doctor in de Godgeleerdheid aan de Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen. Groningen, J. B. Wolters, 1954, 125 bis.

  16. Sugu kui kvalifitseerija - naised ametikandjatena kirikus ja kaitseväes / Kalmer Marimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marimaa, Kalmer

    2013-01-01

    Artiklis antakse ülevaade naisjuhtidest ja naiste ordineerimisest kristluses, naiste osalusest relvajõududes ning võrreldakse sarnaseid tendentse, mis võivad kaasneda naiste teenimisega juhtivates ametites kirikus ja kaitseväes

  17. Destructive Testing of an ES-3100 Shipping Container at the Savannah River National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loftin, B. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Abramczyk, G. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2015-06-09

    Destructive testing of an ES-3100 Shipping Container was completed by the Packaging Technology and Pressurized Systems organization within the Savannah River National Laboratory in order to qualify the ES-3100 as a candidate storage and transport package for applications at various facilities at the Savannah River Site. The testing consisted of the detonation of three explosive charges at separate locations on a single ES-3100. The locations for the placement were chosen based the design of the ES-3100 as well as the most likely places for the package to incur damage as a result of the detonation. The testing was completed at an offsite location, which raised challenges as well as allowed for development of new partnerships for this testing and for potential future testing. The results of the testing, the methods used to complete the testing, and similar, potential future work will be discussed.

  18. Ex Isto, de Cao Guimarães, e o ultrapassamento de si

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael de Almeida

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ex It, by Cao Guimarães, and the transcendence of self – This essay focuses on the film Ex It (2010, by Cao Guimarães, with emphasis on an analysis of how the actor transcends himself to give shape to the existence of the image of the real character he interprets, and the way in which the film develops, passing from literature to cinema, documentary to fiction, and life to image.

  19. Substances inertes et plantes à effet insecticide utilisées dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les insecticides naturels tels que les plantes à effet insecticide et les substances inertes (sable, cendre, terres à diatomées,…) méritent d'être valorisées afin de réduire l'utilisation des insecticides chimiques et protéger l'environnement. Ce travail basé sur une revue documentaire fouillée et actualisée vise à faire la genèse ...

  20. Les plantes médicinales utilisées contre les dermatoses dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 oct. 2013 ... Sterculiaceae avec chacune deux espèces. Toutes les autres familles sont représentées par une seule espèce. (Tableau 1). Tableau 1 : Liste des plantes utilisées contre les dermatoses chez les Bainounk de Djibonker, région de Ziguinchor. (Sénégal). Taxon. Famille. Indice de fidélité (FL%). Agave sp.

  1. ¿Quién es el culpable? La semiótica de Eco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Oñate

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda un aspecto por el cual Umberto Eco no se hizo mundialmente famoso, pero que sin lugar a dudas habla de su erudición y sin cuyos antecedentes su novelística no tendría determinadas características que la identifican. Este aspecto es el que fundamentalmente dice que Umberto Eco es un semiólogo.

  2. Épuration des eaux usées des villes pour soutenir l'agriculture ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Les eaux usées : manne liquide ? ... Les racines de la plante emprisonnent les matières solides en ... le compostage des déchets ménagers ou l'arrosage des pépinières. ... à la gestion locale de la demande », dans Épuration des eaux usées et l'agriculture urbaine, Editions Enda, Dakar, août 2002. Mbodj ...

  3. Diversity in a complex ecological network with two interaction types

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Melián, C. J.; Bascompte, J.; Jordano, P.; Křivan, Vlastimil

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 118, č. 1 (2009), s. 122-130 ISSN 0030-1299 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100070601 Grant - others:University of California(US) DEB-0553768; The Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (ES) REN2003-04774; The Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (ES) REN2003-00273 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50070508 Keywords : complex ecological network Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 3.147, year: 2009

  4. Complex analysis and geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Silva, Alessandro

    1993-01-01

    The papers in this wide-ranging collection report on the results of investigations from a number of linked disciplines, including complex algebraic geometry, complex analytic geometry of manifolds and spaces, and complex differential geometry.

  5. Complex Systems: An Introduction

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 14; Issue 9. Complex Systems: An Introduction - Anthropic Principle, Terrestrial Complexity, Complex Materials. V K Wadhawan. General Article Volume 14 Issue 9 September 2009 pp 894-906 ...

  6. Surface complexation of selenite on goethite: MO/DFT geometry and charge distribution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, T.; Rietra, R.P.J.J.; Riemsdijk, van W.H.

    2007-01-01

    The adsorption of selenite on goethite (alpha-FeOOH) has been analyzed with the charge distribution (CD) and the multi-site surface complexation (MUSIC) model being combined with an extended Stem (ES) layer model option. The geometry of a set of different types of hydrated iron-selenite complexes

  7. Actes des 5èmes Journées Scientifiques du GDR3544 Sciences du Bois. Journées Annuelles du GDR 3544 Sciences du Bois

    OpenAIRE

    CHAPLAIN, Myriam; CARE, Sabine; GRIL, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Le Groupement de Recherche en Sciences du bois (GDR3544 Sciences du Bois) a été créé en 2012 par le CNRS et renouvelé en 2016 pour 5 ans. La mission de ce groupement est : (1) de structurer la recherche sur le bois en France pour lui donner une visibilité nationale, (2) de contribuer au développement de la formation en sciences du bois et (3) de servir de relai aux réseaux internationaux de sciences du bois. Les 5èmes journées annuelles du GDR Bois ont été organisées à Bordeaux, au domaine du...

  8. INSTALAÇÕES SANITÁRIAS, EQUIPAMENTOS E ÁREAS DE CIRCULAÇÃO EM HOSPITAIS: ADEQUAÇÕES AOS DEFICIENTES FÍSICOS

    OpenAIRE

    ANTONIA ELIANA DE ARAÚJO ARAGÃO; LORITA MARLENA FREITAG PAGLIUCA; KÁTIA NÊYLA DE FREITAS MACÊDO; PAULO CÉSAR DE ALMEIDA

    2008-01-01

    Estudio descriptivo cuya meta es verificar si los hospitales de la ciudad de Sobral,Ceará, tienen instalaciones sanitarias adecuadas, espacios en auditorios, ascensores, salidas de emergencia y aparcamientos que obedezcan las necesidades de personas portadoras de deficiencia física. Con base en la NBR 9050 de la ABNT con instrumento tipo chequeo de lista. Dados recogidos en mayo de 2004. La muestra abarcó los cuatro hospitales existentes. Dos hospitales poseen instalaciones sanitarias, con ar...

  9. Etude des bactéries acétiques isolées de raisins et de vins - I.- Identification de souches isolées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C. BLACKWOOD

    1969-09-01

    Monsieur PEYNAUD nous a confié l'isolement et l'identification des bactéries acétiques prélevées à la dernière récolte sur les raisins plus ou moins pourris de différents vignobles du Bordelais. Le but était de connaître la microflore acétique des raisins et de la comparer à celle des vins.

  10. Méthode de contrôle automatique des données bibliographiques dans les bases de données du CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Cart, Catherine

    2003-01-01

    Cette étude présente une méthode de contrôle automatique des réferences des documents importés dans des bases de données. Conçu initialement pour la mise à jour de la base de littérature grise du Service de l'information scientifique du CERN, puis étendu à sa base de monographies, le programme chkall ("check all") propose différentes applications pour contrôler les données de catalogage relatives aux documents (électroniques ou non) et pour en assurer la modification semi-automatique. Devant l'augmentation massive des données et la nécessité de les contrôler, ce programme, transposable à d'autres contextes, permet d'enrichir un catalogue et d'en augmenter la précision et la cohérence. - We describe a method for automatically controlling references to documents uploaded into databases. Initially designed as part of the gray literature database upgrade at the CERN Scientific Information Service and then extended to its monographic database, the chkall (check all) program offers different ...

  11. Carabalíes y culíes en El Cobre: esclavos africanos trabajadores chinos al servicio del cobre para Swansea, siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Evans

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el impacto del Mundo del Cobre en la isla de Cuba hasta el inicio de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. El estímulo británico producido sobre la minería se expresó en la modernización de las instalaciones, la circulación de capitales y la migración de mano de obra. Respecto a este último punto, la migración transoceánica no solo contempló a los británicos que acudieron a la explotación minera de la isla, sino también dio origen a una reactivación del comercio esclavo que tuvo a carabalíes africanos y culíes asiáticos como principales protagonistas. A partir del registro documental de los principales gestores de la modernización minera y la base de datos del comercio transatlántico de esclavos, se relevará la importancia económica y cultural de la circulación de mano obra en Cuba.

  12. Es Kynosarges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bremmer, Jan

    2000-01-01

    Ancient ruler cult has long been a stumbling-block for classical scholars who were unable to accept the worship of deified men by the enlightened Greeks. Gradually, however, this resistance has been turning into a (sometimes grudging) acceptance, a process much influenced by three factors. Firstly,

  13. Adewole, ES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... IV: Normal and Inverted Letter 'h' and 'H' Architecture Abstract · Vol 19 (2011) - Articles Comparison Between Laminar and Turbulent Flow in a Single Phase Horizontal Pipe Gas Flow Abstract · Vol 19 (2011) - Articles Optimization of Gas Flow Network using the Traveling Salesman And the Nearest Neighbors Algorithms

  14. Late effects of inhaled 253Es(NO3)3 in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ballou, J.E.; Dagle, G.E.; Gies, R.A.; Smith, L.G.

    1979-01-01

    Einsteinium-253 nitrate was administered as an aerosol to male Wistar rats and the long-term biological effects were followed for the animals' life span. Lung was the major target organ for absorbed radiation dose and tumor induction, in agreement with results for other inhaled transuranic nitrates. The earlier finding of a high incidence of bone tumors following intratracheal instillation of 253 EsCl 3 was not confirmed in the present study with inhaled 253 Es(NO 3 ) 3 . The reason for the difference in bone tumor production is believed to be related to the different acute toxicities of intratracheally instilled and inhaled 253 Es. Intratracheally instilled 253 EsCl 3 was less acutely toxic (only a single lobe or one-half the lung was irradiated); thus, a larger more tumorigenic dose could be translocated to bone without shortening the life span to the extent that bone tumors could not be expressed. The radiation dose from inhaled 253 Es(NO 3 ) 3 was uniformly spread throughout both lungs and early death due to a generalized radiation pneumonitis precluded the development of long-term effects in bone. (author)

  15. Environment, Safety, and Health (ES&H) self-assessment guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reese, R.T.; Golden, N.L.; Romero, J.R.; Yesner, S.

    1997-06-01

    This document has been prepared as a guide for conducting self-assessments of ES&H functional programs and organizational (line) implementation of these programs. This guide is intended for use by individuals and/or teams involved in or familiar with ES&H programs and line operations (e.g., the {open_quotes}self{close_quotes}in self-assessment). Essential elements of the self-assessment process are described including: schedule and priorities, scope and approach, assessment criteria (e.g., performance objectives and measures), information gathering and analysis techniques, and documentation of planning efforts and results. The appendices in this guide include: (1) an assessment prioritization process, (2) generic performance objectives for line implementation and for ES&H functional programs, (3) sources for ES&H assessment information, (4) systemic factors (developed for SNL`s root cause analysis program), (5) Lockheed Martin audit questions for management systems, compliance and validation, and specific areas and concerns, (6) DOE facility representatives checklist, and (7) assessment tools and resources developed at SNL and other DOE/Lockheed Martin sites. This document is a product of the efforts associated with the SNL ES&H Oversight Pilot Project conducted from June 1995 to January 1997. This Pilot was part of the overall initiative by DOE to reduce burdensome agency oversight by placing greater reliance on contractor self-assessment.

  16. Searching for a placental derived ES-62-like molecule to explain rheumatoid arthritis amelioration in pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig D. Scoville

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The majority of women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA experience disease amelioration during pregnancy for unclear reasons. One possible explanation pursued and described here is whether the placenta produces a protein similar to the immunomodulating protein, ES-62, excreted by filarial nematodes. This protein has also been shown to reduce disease activity in animal models of RA. Eleven human placentas were prepared and a polyclonal anti-ES-62 antiserum was used to identify if any ES-62-like molecule exists from human placental tissues. Any bands identified were then excised from the gel and sent for mass spectrometry and protein identification. The anti-serum showed consistent cross reactivity with the heavy chain from immunoglobulin G (IgG from the eleven human placentas by mass spectrometry. No primary sequence homology between the heavy chain of IgG and ES-62 was identified. The placenta does not produce an ES-62-like molecule. However the binding of the antiserum to the Fc region of IgG suggests that this may be a possible mechanism for rheumatoid factor production in some patients with chronic filarial infections.

  17. Mast Cell Subsets and Their Functional Modulation by the Acanthocheilonema viteae Product ES-62

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimity H. Ball

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ES-62, an immunomodulator secreted by filarial nematodes, exhibits therapeutic potential in mouse models of allergic inflammation, at least in part by inducing the desensitisation of FcεRI-mediated mast cell responses. However, in addition to their pathogenic roles in allergic and autoimmune diseases, mast cells are important in fighting infection, wound healing, and resolving inflammation, reflecting that mast cells exhibit a phenotypic and functional plasticity. We have therefore characterised the differential functional responses to antigen (via FcεRI and LPS and their modulation by ES-62 of the mature peritoneal-derived mast cells (PDMC; serosal and those of the connective tissue-like mast cells (CTMC and the mucosal-like mast cells derived from bone marrow progenitors (BMMC as a first step to produce disease tissue-targeted therapeutics based on ES-62 action. All three mast cell populations were rendered hyporesponsive by ES-62 and whilst the mechanisms underlying such desensitisation have not been fully delineated, they reflect a downregulation of calcium and PKCα signalling. ES-62 also downregulated MyD88 and PKCδ in mucosal-type BMMC but not PDMC, the additional signals targeted in mucosal-type BMMC likely reflecting that these cells respond to antigen and LPS by degranulation and cytokine secretion whereas PDMC predominantly respond in a degranulation-based manner.

  18. Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 Coordinates Expressions of the Duplicate groEL and Single groES Genes for Synergistic Functions of GroELs and GroES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue-zhong Li

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Chaperonin GroEL (Cpn60 requires cofactor GroES (Cpn10 for protein refolding in bacteria that possess single groEL and groES genes in a bicistronic groESL operon. Among 4,861 completely-sequenced prokaryotic genomes, 884 possess duplicate groEL genes and 770 possess groEL genes with no neighboring groES. It is unclear whether stand-alone groEL requires groES in order to function and, if required, how duplicate groEL genes and unequal groES genes balance their expressions. In Myxococcus xanthus DK1622, we determined that, while duplicate groELs were alternatively deletable, the single groES that clusters with groEL1 was essential for cell survival. Either GroEL1 or GroEL2 required interactions with GroES for in vitro and in vivo functions. Deletion of groEL1 or groEL2 resulted in decreased expressions of both groEL and groES; and ectopic complementation of groEL recovered not only the groEL but also groES expressions. The addition of an extra groES gene upstream groEL2 to form a bicistronic operon had almost no influence on groES expression and the cell survival rate, whereas over-expression of groES using a self-replicating plasmid simultaneously increased the groEL expressions. The results indicated that M. xanthus DK1622 cells coordinate expressions of the duplicate groEL and single groES genes for synergistic functions of GroELs and GroES. We proposed a potential regulation mechanism for the expression coordination.

  19. Effect of urban design on microclimate and thermal comfort outdoors in warm-humid Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yahia, Moohammed Wasim; Johansson, Erik; Thorsson, Sofia; Lindberg, Fredrik; Rasmussen, Maria Isabel

    2018-03-01

    Due to the complexity of built environment, urban design patterns considerably affect the microclimate and outdoor thermal comfort in a given urban morphology. Variables such as building heights and orientations, spaces between buildings, plot coverage alter solar access, wind speed and direction at street level. To improve microclimate and comfort conditions urban design elements including vegetation and shading devices can be used. In warm-humid Dar es Salaam, the climate consideration in urban design has received little attention although the urban planning authorities try to develop the quality of planning and design. The main aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between urban design, urban microclimate, and outdoor comfort in four built-up areas with different morphologies including low-, medium-, and high-rise buildings. The study mainly concentrates on the warm season but a comparison with the thermal comfort conditions in the cool season is made for one of the areas. Air temperature, wind speed, mean radiant temperature (MRT), and the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) are simulated using ENVI-met to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the existing urban design. An analysis of the distribution of MRT in the areas showed that the area with low-rise buildings had the highest frequency of high MRTs and the lowest frequency of low MRTs. The study illustrates that areas with low-rise buildings lead to more stressful urban spaces than areas with high-rise buildings. It is also shown that the use of dense trees helps to enhance the thermal comfort conditions, i.e., reduce heat stress. However, vegetation might negatively affect the wind ventilation. Nevertheless, a sensitivity analysis shows that the provision of shade is a more efficient way to reduce PET than increases in wind speed, given the prevailing sun and wind conditions in Dar es Salaam. To mitigate heat stress in Dar es Salaam, a set of recommendations and guidelines on

  20. Game and Graphics Programming for iOS and Android with OpenGL ES 20

    CERN Document Server

    Marruchi-Foino, Romain; Semko, Roman

    2012-01-01

    Develop graphically sophisticated apps and games today! The smart phone app market is progressively growing, and there is new market gap to fill that requires more graphically sophisticated applications and games. Game and Graphics Programming for iOS and Android with OpenGL ES 2.0 quickly gets you up to speed on understanding how powerful OpenGL ES 2.0 technology is in creating apps and games for amusement and effectiveness. Leading you through the development of a real-world mobile app with live code, this text lets you work with all the best features and tools that Open GL ES 2.0 has to off

  1. Late effects of inhaled 253Es(NO3)3 in the rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ballou, J.E.; Smith, L.G.; Dagle, G.E.; Gies, R.A.

    1979-01-01

    The lungs of rats exposed to 253 Es(NO 3 ) 3 aerosols sustained the greatest cumulative radiation dose, approximately 6-fold higher than the skeletal dose. Malignant lung tumors (incidence 8.5, 27.6%) were observed after a mean cumulative lung dose of 26 and 400 rad, respectively. Higher lung doses were associated with severe life shortening that precluded the expression of delayed effects. Osteosarcomas of the skeleton (incidence 6.9%) were found after a mean cumulative skeletal dose of 68 rad. Earlier studies, which showed a high incidence of bone tumors and relatively fewer lung tumors after intratracheal instillation of 253 EsCl 3 , were not confirmed in this study with inhaled 253 Es(NO 3 ) 3

  2. Photometric investigation of hot exoplanets: TrES-3b and Qatar-1b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Püsküllü, Ç.; Soydugan, F.; Erdem, A.; Budding, E.

    2017-08-01

    New photometric follow-up observations of transitting 'hot Jupiters' TrES-3b and Qatar-1b are presented. Weighted mean values of the solutions of light curves in R-filter for both planetary systems are reported and compared with the previous results. The transit light curves were analysed using the WINFITTER code. The physical properties of the planets were estimated. The planet radii are found to be Rp = 1.381 ± 0.033RJ for TrES-3b and Rp = 1.142 ± 0.025RJ for Qatar-1b. Transit times and their uncertainties were also determined and a new linear ephemeris was computed for both systems. Analysis of transit times showed that a significant signal could not be determined for TrES-3b, while weak evidence was found for Qatar-1b, which might be tested using more precise future transit times.

  3. ¿Es el plagio una sorpresa? ¿Acaso tiene clase?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco González T.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Entendemos que no es posible abordar en un espacio editorial el vasto tema del plagio, sus implicaciones y temas conexos presente en libros, artículos científicos, historias, películas, frases, logotipos, inventos, marcas, colores de productos e ideas entre otros muchos temas desarrollados por el ser humano. Este mal es muy antiguo, pero parafraseando términos de los infectólogos, hoy día se encuentra en plena reemergencia. Al patógeno de esta epidemia le favorece indiscutiblemente la moderna vía de transmisión global que es el internet, ya que través de la red, el cibernauta dispone de toneladas de información; la mayoría gratuita.

  4. Determinants of acceptance of cervical cancer screening in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kahesa, Crispin; Kjaer, Susanne; Mwaiselage, Julius

    2012-01-01

    to accept screening in comparison with women who had five or more children (ORs 3.21). Finally, knowledge of cervical cancer and awareness of the existing screening program were also associated with increased acceptance rates (ORs of 5.90 and 4.20). CONCLUSION: There are identifiable subgroups where...... cervical cancer screening can be increased in Dar es Salaam. Special attention should be paid to women of low education and women of high parity. In addition, knowledge and awareness raising campaigns that goes hand in hand with culturally acceptable screening services will likely lead to an increased......ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To describe how demographic characteristics and knowledge of cervical cancer influence screening acceptance among women living in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: Multistage cluster sampling was carried out in 45 randomly selected streets in Dar es Salaam. Women between...

  5. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation for grid-connected performance of integrated distributed PV-ES systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Z. H.; Li, Q.; Huang, R. W.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, D.

    2016-08-01

    Based on the discussion about topology structure of integrated distributed photovoltaic (PV) power generation system and energy storage (ES) in single or mixed type, this paper focuses on analyzing grid-connected performance of integrated distributed photovoltaic and energy storage (PV-ES) systems, and proposes a comprehensive evaluation index system. Then a multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on grey correlation degree is proposed, and the calculations for weight matrix and fuzzy matrix are presented step by step. Finally, a distributed integrated PV-ES power generation system connected to a 380 V low voltage distribution network is taken as the example, and some suggestions are made based on the evaluation results.

  6. Establishment of key grid-connected performance index system for integrated PV-ES system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Q.; Yuan, X. D.; Qi, Q.; Liu, H. M.

    2016-08-01

    In order to further promote integrated optimization operation of distributed new energy/ energy storage/ active load, this paper studies the integrated photovoltaic-energy storage (PV-ES) system which is connected with the distribution network, and analyzes typical structure and configuration selection for integrated PV-ES generation system. By combining practical grid- connected characteristics requirements and technology standard specification of photovoltaic generation system, this paper takes full account of energy storage system, and then proposes several new grid-connected performance indexes such as paralleled current sharing characteristic, parallel response consistency, adjusting characteristic, virtual moment of inertia characteristic, on- grid/off-grid switch characteristic, and so on. A comprehensive and feasible grid-connected performance index system is then established to support grid-connected performance testing on integrated PV-ES system.

  7. EVEN-SKIPPED HOMEOBOX 1 controls human ES cell differentiation by directly repressing GOOSECOID expression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalisz, Mark; Winzi, Maria Karin; Bisgaard, Hanne Cathrine

    2012-01-01

    (EVX1) and GOOSECOID (GSC) regulate cell fate decisions in streak-like progenitors derived from human ES cells exposed to BMP4 and/or activin. We found that EVX1 repressed GSC expression and promoted formation of posterior streak-like progeny in response to BMP4, and conversely that GSC repressed EVX1...... expression and was required for development of anterior streak-like progeny in response to activin. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed that EVX1 bound to the GSC 5'-flanking region in BMP4 treated human ES cells, and band shift assays identified two EVX1 binding sites in the GSC 5'-region......TGFß signaling patterns the primitive streak, yet little is known about transcriptional effectors that mediate the cell fate choices during streak-like development in mammalian embryos and in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Here we demonstrate that cross-antagonistic actions of EVEN-SKIPPED HOMEOBOX 1...

  8. Historical review of the vacuum chamber technology for INS-ES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshida, Katsuhide

    2006-01-01

    The INS (Institute for Nuclear Study), University of Tokyo, was founded in 1955. Construction of the ES (electron synchrotron) was approved in 1956 and finished in 1961. 1.3 GeV INS-ES consists of 8 electric magnets with 3.14m length at intervals of 1.2m. It used resonant exciting current. The vacuum chamber was called donut made of ceramics at first and changed by araldite in 1964, and metal in 1970's. 53% of troubles were caused by the vacuum system in 1966. The metal donut with stainless steel welding bellows was changed by the stainless steel from SUS304 to SUS316L. These improvement methods solved the vacuum problems. The donut made of araldite, a trial piece of stainless steel welding bellows, increase of beam intensity of INS-ES and position of stainless steel welding bellows in section are shown. (S.Y.)

  9. The 1.3GeV electron synchrotron INS-ES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshida, Katsuhide

    2006-01-01

    The 1.3GeV electron synchrotron at Institute for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo (INS-ES) is the first high energy accelerator in Japan. It was constructed during 1956-1961 and shut down in 1999. It had played key roles in originating high energy physics in Japan. Based upon accelerator technologies developed in the construction and the operation of INS-ES, a 12 GeV proton synchrotron was built at KEK. INS-ES was also the base to promote synchrotron radiation science in Japan and to establish Photon Factory at KEK. After 1980, it was operated mainly to deliver tagged photon beam for high energy nuclear physics. (K.Y.)

  10. DOE'S award fees at Rocky Flats do not adequately reflect ES and H problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-10-01

    Despite the persistance of significant environmental, safety, and health problems at the Rocky Flats plant, it's contractor has received substantial monetary awards from the Department of Energy for operating the plant. During fiscal years 1986 through 1988, approximately $26.8 million was received in award fees - about 84 percent of the total award fees that were available under the contract with DOE. This report identified a number of problems that raise concerns about how the award process is being administered: significant ES and H deficiencies have been downplayed in the evaluation process; the process has placed more emphasis on production rather than on ES and H performance; and the evaluations have not been reviewed by DOE headquarters organizations that have important roles in the conduct of activities. This report recommends that DOE restructure its award fee process to provide a clear understanding to its contractors what they will be losing in award fees for certain types of ES and H problems

  11. Estimation non-paramétrique robuste pour données fonctionnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Crambes , Christophe; Delsol , Laurent; Laksaci , Ali

    2009-01-01

    International audience; L'estimation robuste présente une approche alternative aux méthodes de régression classiques, par exemple lorsque les observations sont affectées par la présence de données aberrantes. Récemment, ces estimateurs robustes ont été considérés pour des modèles avec données fonctionnelles. Dans cet exposé, nous considérons un modèle de régression robuste avec une variable d'intérêt réelle et une variable explicative fonctionnelle. Nous définissons un estimateur non-paramétr...

  12. San Rafael mining and fabrication complex today

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Navarra, Pablo; Aldebert, Sergio R.

    2005-01-01

    In Mendoza province, 35 km West San Rafael city, is located a CNEA installation for uranium ore extraction and concentration: the San Rafael Mining and Fabrication Complex. By the middle of the nineties, as a consequence of the very low prices of uranium concentrate in the international market and of the high internal production costs, uranium extraction was stopped. To day, the international price of the concentrate had a very important increase and the Government has decided the completion of the Atucha II Nuclear Power Station construction. Moreover, studies have been started for new nuclear power plants. In such circumstances the reactivation of the Complex will make sure the uranium supply for our nuclear power stations, contributing to the improvement of the energy generation mix in our country. (author) [es

  13. Poliartrite em cães - 27 casos (2007-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Oliveira Chaves

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar cães com poliartrite e obter informações a respeito da idade, sexo, raça, peso corporal, queixa principal, alterações no exame físico, do líquido sinovial e resposta à terapia instituída. Os cães sem raça definida e acima de seis anos de idade foram os mais acometidos e o principal sinal clínico observado foi dificuldade de locomoção (71,5%, seguido de dor articular (52,3% e claudicação (33,3%. Febre e inapetência foram observadas em cinco (18,5% e quatro cães (14,8%, respectivamente. As principais alterações hematológicas encontradas foram anemia não regenerativa (29,6%, leucocitose (26% e trombocitopenia (18,5%. Os resultados da bioquímica sérica foram considerados normais em sete de 27 cães (26% e as principais alterações foram hiperproteinemia (55,5% e hipoalbuminemia (37%. A inflamação sinovial foi considerada acentuada em 17 cães (77,5%, sendo os neutrófilos predominantes em 52,4% dos casos (n=14. O tratamento foi realizado em 18 cães com doses imunossupressoras de corticosteroides, sendo efetivo em 89% dos casos

  14. El fenotipo de las mucinas en el esófago de Barrett

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, María Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, María Isabel; Camargo, María Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo

    2011-01-01

    Antecedentes El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. Material y métodos Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 – 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. Resultados En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A mayor severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un mayor contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. Conclusión La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo. PMID:21804831

  15. Department of Energy Plutonium ES ampersand H Vulnerability Assessment Savannah River Site interim compensatory measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bickford, W.E.

    1994-01-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) has recently completed a self-assessment of potential vulnerabilities associated with plutonium and other transuranic materials stored at the site. An independent Working Group Assessment Team (WGAT) appointed by DOE/ES ampersand H also performed an independent assessment, and reviewed and validated the site self-assessment. The purpose of this report is to provide a status of interim compensatory measures at SRS to address hazards in advance of any corrective actions. ES ampersand H has requested this status for all vulnerabilities ranked medium or higher with respect to potential consequences to workers, environment, and the public

  16. An adaptive singular ES-FEM for mechanics problems with singular field of arbitrary order

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen-Xuan, H.; Liu, G. R.; Bordas, Stéphane; Natarajan, S.; Rabczuk, T.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a singular edge-based smoothed finite element method (sES-FEM) for mechanics problems with singular stress fields of arbitrary order. The sES-FEM uses a basic mesh of three-noded linear triangular (T3) elements and a special layer of five-noded singular triangular elements (sT5) connected to the singular-point of the stress field. The sT5 element has an additional node on each of the two edges connected to the singular-point. It allows us to represent simple and efficient ...

  17. Formation en TIC destinée aux personnes handicapées en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Formation en TIC destinée aux personnes handicapées en Amérique latine. En Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, les personnes handicapées représentent environ 10 % de la population. La population de cette région affiche des taux de pauvreté et de chômage élevés; assurer des moyens de subsistance décents aux ...

  18. ES-5052 storage devices on magnetic disks for the BESM-4 computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bezrukova, N.B.; Vinogradov, A.F.; Eliseev, G.N.; Ivanchenko, Z.M.; Pervushov, V.I.; Samojlov, V.N.; Stuk, G.P.; Shchelev, S.A.; Chulkov, N.I.

    1975-01-01

    The basic principles of connection between ES-5052 magnetic disk storage devices and a BESM-4 computer are set forth. The interchange of instructions and guidance information between computer and magnetic disk storage is accomplished through a disk controlling unit. The time taken to find the required cylinder (to pass from track to track) is 20 ms, the access time is 60 to 95 ms. The data transfer rate (512 45-digit machine words) is 20 ms. The total disk storage capacity is equivalent to 250 BESM-4 memory units. The instructions for BESM-4 access to the ES-5052 magnetic disk storage are described

  19. Experiencias encarnadas. Representaciones audiovisuales de madre(s) y maternidad(es)

    OpenAIRE

    Brigidi, Serena

    2014-01-01

    [ES] El artículo presenta una reflexión encarnada sobre la experiencia de ser madre y las representaciones de la maternidad en la cultura occidental, en anuncios y series televisivas, documentales y películas. Habitualmente, la maternidad es imaginada como el producto (tener un hijo, convertirse en madre) y no como el arduo proceso que representa a lo largo de la vida de una persona. Se opta por presentarla con un carácter universal y se usa como una estrategia cinematográfica cua...

  20. Identification et étude phytochimique de plantes utilisées comme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La présente étude réalisée sur les plantes diurétiques utilisées au sud Bénin et principalement à Porto-Novo a pour objectif d'identifier et de caractériser les groupes de substances chimiques contenus dans les drogues végétales utilisées comme diurétiques à Porto-Novo, pour le traitement traditionnel ou la prévention du ...

  1. Marées et touristes au Mont-Saint-Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernand Verger

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available L’imaginaire collectif fait la plus grande place au phénomène des grandes marées dans la baie du Mont-Saint-Michel, mais la fréquentation touristique n’est que faiblement déterminée par l’occurrence des grandes marées, malgré l’existence d’un public spécifique, relativement peu nombreux, attiré par le spectacle du mascaret.

  2. A Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Spectrum of 1ES 2344+514

    OpenAIRE

    Schroedter, M.; Badran, H. M.; Buckley, J. H.; Gordo, J. Bussons; Carter-Lewis, D. A.; Duke, C.; Fegan, D. J.; Fegan, S. F.; Finley, J. P.; Gillanders, G. H.; Grube, J.; Horan, D.; Kenny, G. E.; Kertzman, M.; Kosack, K.

    2005-01-01

    The BL Lacertae (BL Lac) object 1ES 2344+514 (1ES 2344), at a redshift of 0.044, was discovered as a source of very high energy (VHE) gamma rays by the Whipple Collaboration in 1995 \\citep{2344Catanese98}. This detection was recently confirmed by the HEGRA Collaboration \\citep{2344Hegra03}. As is typical for high-frequency peaked blazars, the VHE gamma-ray emission is highly variable. On the night of 20 December, 1995, a gamma-ray flare of 5.3-sigma significance was detected, the brightest ou...

  3. Structures de données et méthodes formelles

    CERN Document Server

    Guyomard, Marc

    2011-01-01

    Ce livre porte sur l tude des structures de donn es, savoir des constituants logiciels dont la qualit conditionne le bon fonctionnement et l efficacit des applications informatiques. L originalit de cet ouvrage r side essentiellement dans le lien qu il tablit avec la discipline des m thodes formelles pour le g nie logiciel. Il montre comment il est possible de calculer les op rations qui accompagnent une structure de donn es partir d une sp cification rigoureuse. L auteur adopte la fois une perspective historique et une d marche fonctionnelle. La premi re partie de l ouvrage pr sente les bases

  4. MicroRNA modulation induced by AICA ribonucleotide in J1 mouse ES cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoyan Shi

    Full Text Available ES cells can propagate indefinitely, maintain self-renewal, and differentiate into almost any cell type of the body. These properties make them valuable in the research of embryonic development, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs are considered to have essential functions in the maintenance and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ES cells. It was reported that, strong external stimuli, such as a transient low-pH and hypoxia stress, were conducive to the formation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells. AICA ribonucleotide (AICAR is an AMP-activated protein kinase activator, which can let cells in the state of energy stress. We have demonstrated that AICAR can maintain the pluripotency of J1 mouse ES cells through modulating protein expression in our previous research, but its effects on ES cell miRNA expression remain unknown. In this study, we conducted small RNA high-throughput sequencing to investigate AICAR influence on J1 mouse ES cells by comparing the miRNA expression patterns of the AICAR-treated cells and those without treatment. The result showed that AICAR can significantly modulate the expression of multiple miRNAs, including those have crucial functions in ES cell development. Some differentially expressed miRNAs were selected and confirmed by real-time PCR. For the differently expressed miRNAs identified, further study was conducted regarding the pluripotency and differentiation associated miRNAs with their targets. Moreover, miR-134 was significantly down-regulated after AICAR treatment, and this was suggested to be directly associated with the up-regulated pluripotency markers, Nanog and Sox2. Lastly, Myc was significantly down-regulated after AICAR treatment; therefore, we predicted miRNAs that may target Myc and identified that AICAR induced up-regulation of miR-34a, 34b, and 34c can repress Myc expression in J1 mouse ES cells. Taken together, our study provide a new mechanism for

  5. Neoplasmas do sistema urinário em 113 cães

    OpenAIRE

    Inkelmann,Maria Andréia; Kommers,Glaucia Denise; Fighera,Rafael A.; Irigoyen,Luiz Francisco; Barros,Claudio S.L.; Silveira,Isadora P.; Trost,Maria Elisa

    2011-01-01

    Foram revisados 4.723 protocolos de necropsias de cães realizadas entre janeiro de 1990 e julho de 2010 no LPV-UFSM. Os principais objetivos deste estudo retrospectivo foram determinar a prevalência e os tipos de neoplasmas que ocorreram no sistema urinário. Em 113 (2,4%) dos cães necropsiados, foram diagnosticados 27 neoplasmas primários e 86 metastáticos ou como parte de tumores multicêntricos no sistema urinário. Dos neoplasmas primários, a grande maioria teve origem epitelial. Treze casos...

  6. Cada lengua en su olfato: ¿Es realmente torpe el hombre nombrando olores?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benamí Barros García

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Probemos a decir a qué huele la carne cruda o cómo es algo que huele a viejo. Se ha asumido durante mucho tiempo que el ser humano es torpe nombrando olores y expresando sus cualidades abstractas. Recientes estudios sobre el jahai y el maniq, lenguas habladas por pequeñas comunidades del sudeste asiático, ponen en duda la inefabilidad de los olores como característica universal, a la vez que podrían aportar ideas en el estudio de los mecanismos de la percepción en su relación con el lenguaje.

  7. "CAPITÃES DA AREIA": O ROMANCE POÉTICO-SOCIAL DE JORGE AMADO.

    OpenAIRE

    Marilia Danielle Santos Cerqueira; Universidade Federal da Bahia

    2012-01-01

    O artigo analisa o romance, Capitães da areia, do escritor Jorge Amado, com ênfase na convivência harmônica entre a poesia e o engajamento social. O contexto aparentemente vulgar, em que ocorrem as aventuras e desventuras dos capitães, estimula o autor na produção de texto poético que envolve idealismo e luta social. Diante da finalidade de crítica social do romance em questão, entende-se que o mundo é apresentado por intermédio da perspectiva dos excluídos e marginalizados. E, no âmbito lite...

  8. Fatores relacionados à gravidade da doença periodontal em cães

    OpenAIRE

    Mariano, Kauana Peixoto

    2013-01-01

    A doença periodontal caracteriza-se pela inflamação e destruição de estruturas do periodonto. É uma das doenças que mais frequentemente acometem os cães, sendo seu agente etiológico a placa bacteriana que se acumula na superfície dos dentes. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a interferência de fatores como dietas caseira, mista e seca, idade e escore corporal na gravidade da doença periodontal em 73 cães. Foi realizada avaliação nutricional, exame clínico da cavidade bucal...

  9. ¿Qué es el fraude electoral? Su naturaleza, sus causas y consecuencias

    OpenAIRE

    Lehoucq, Fabrice

    2007-01-01

    La primera de las tres conclusiones de este estudio es que el fraude puede adoptar una amplia gama de formas, desde las violaciones de procedimiento a la ley electoral (con o sin la intención de alterar los resultados) hasta el abierto uso de la violencia en contra de los votantes. Segunda, aun cuando la manipulación del voto es parte integral de la competencia electoral, rara vez desempeña un papel decisivo. En todo caso, el fraude debilita la estabilidad política, ya que puede ser crucial c...

  10. TransiÃÃes de fase em monocristais de D-Metionina

    OpenAIRE

    Wanessa David Canedo Melo

    2012-01-01

    Nesse trabalho investigamos as propriedades vibracionais em monocristais D-Metionina, utilizando as espectroscopias Raman e Infravermelho. As medidas de espectroscopia Raman foram realizadas sob a variaÃÃo de pressÃo hidrostÃtica no intervalo de 0GPA atà 7GPa, mostraram duas transiÃÃes de fase, uma por volta 2.0GPa e outra em 2.5GPa, as quais foram detectadas no espectro Raman atravÃs das mudanÃas exibidas pelos picos associados principalmente Ãs vibraÃÃes atribuÃdas à carboxila (CO2-), amina...

  11. Complex differential geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Fangyang

    2002-01-01

    The theory of complex manifolds overlaps with several branches of mathematics, including differential geometry, algebraic geometry, several complex variables, global analysis, topology, algebraic number theory, and mathematical physics. Complex manifolds provide a rich class of geometric objects, for example the (common) zero locus of any generic set of complex polynomials is always a complex manifold. Yet complex manifolds behave differently than generic smooth manifolds; they are more coherent and fragile. The rich yet restrictive character of complex manifolds makes them a special and interesting object of study. This book is a self-contained graduate textbook that discusses the differential geometric aspects of complex manifolds. The first part contains standard materials from general topology, differentiable manifolds, and basic Riemannian geometry. The second part discusses complex manifolds and analytic varieties, sheaves and holomorphic vector bundles, and gives a brief account of the surface classifi...

  12. Garaison, un camp de familles internées dans les Hautes-Pyrénées (1914-1919

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Vimont

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pendant le premier conflit mondial, la France interna des civils dans une soixantaine de camps ; des hommes, des femmes et aussi des enfants. Ils étaient dans leur grande majorité ressortissants des nations ennemies de notre pays. Allemands, Autrichiens, Ottomans voisinaient avec des Alsaciens-Lorrains, des Polonais, des Tchèques mais aussi avec des Français considérés comme suspects, des vagabonds et des grévistes, des repris de justice et des prostituées. Ces internements sont désormais mie...

  13. Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: uma ideia de história = Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: an idea of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roncari, Luiz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo da obra Corpo de baile, de Guimarães Rosa buscando perceber como a dispersão das personagens da primeira estória, seus reagrupamentos nas novelas intermediárias e a reintegração final, formam as ranhuras que amarravam o conjunto. Além de analisar como esses elementos de composição, que sustentam a unidade do livro, têm também um fundo ideológico, ou seja, apresentam uma visão da história e uma concepção da vida e do mundo

  14. Periodismo sin poder. Un estudio de un caso en Elpaís.com; Elmundo.es y ABC.es

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco de Asis Cordeiro da Silva

    2012-01-01

    El periodismo, a lo largo de su existencia se ha enfrentado a numerosas crisis para consolidar unos elementos fundamentales que le permitan fortalecer el poder de contribuir a la democracia y ayudar al ciudadano a autogobernarse. El presente artículo es fruto de una tesina presentada a la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid y utilizó el análisis de contenido cualitativo para evaluar lo que las versiones online de los principales periódicos de circulación nacional en España están entregando a la ...

  15. Complex and symplectic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Medori, Costantino; Tomassini, Adriano

    2017-01-01

    This book arises from the INdAM Meeting "Complex and Symplectic Geometry", which was held in Cortona in June 2016. Several leading specialists, including young researchers, in the field of complex and symplectic geometry, present the state of the art of their research on topics such as the cohomology of complex manifolds; analytic techniques in Kähler and non-Kähler geometry; almost-complex and symplectic structures; special structures on complex manifolds; and deformations of complex objects. The work is intended for researchers in these areas.

  16. Main characteristics and genesis of the Vale de Pães skarn (Cuba-Vidigueira, Ossa Morena Zone, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salgueiro, R.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Vale de Pães (Cuba-Vidigueira mineralisation is composed of magnetite ± sulphides and hosted in a Pre-Variscan metamorphic sequence intruded by igneous rocks belonging to the Beja Igneous Complex. Its mineral and chemical features are compatible with a zoned Fe-skarn: Mg-rich (Fo + Di90, oxidised and Ca-rich (Grs + Di81-39, oxidised or relatively reduced. In the Fe-Mg skarn, magnetite deposition occurred along with the anhydrous mineral assemblage at ≈ 600 °C; sulphides precipitated from the retrograde stage onset (≤ 550 °C and during the hydrated and carbonate phases formation period (< 420 °C. In the Fe-Ca skarn, magnetite precipitated during the retrograde stage (< 550 °C together with the hydrated mineral association, and was followed by sulphides at ≈ 400°C. The mineralising process involved moderate-high salinity fluids and was controlled by variations in redox potential and pH.

    La mineralización del Vale de Pães (Cuba-Vidigueira, compuesta de magnetita ± sulfuros, se produce dentro de una secuencia metamórfica ante-Varisca intruida por el Complejo Ígneo de Beja (Beja Igneous Complex. Sus características químicas y mineralógicas son consistentes con un skarn de Fe zonificado: rico en Mg (Fo + Di≈90, oxidado y rico en Ca (Grs + Di81-39, oxidado o relativamente reducido. En el skarn de Fe-Mg, la deposición de magnetita acompaña a la paragénesis mineral anhidra (≈ 600 °C; la precipitación de sulfuros se produce desde el comienzo de la etapa retrógrada (≤ 550 °C y continuó durante la formación de fases hidratadas y carbonatadas (< 420 °C. En el skarn de Fe-Ca, la magnetita se genera en la fase de retroceso (< 550 °C, en relación con la asociación de minerales hidratados, seguido de sulfuro (≈ 400 °C. El proceso de mineralización de los fluidos de salinidad moderada-alta era controlado por los cambios en el potencial redox y el pH.

  17. Description and evaluation of the Earth System Regional Climate Model (RegCM-ES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farneti, Riccardo; Sitz, Lina; Di Sante, Fabio; Fuentes-Franco, Ramon; Coppola, Erika; Mariotti, Laura; Reale, Marco; Sannino, Gianmaria; Barreiro, Marcelo; Nogherotto, Rita; Giuliani, Graziano; Graffino, Giorgio; Solidoro, Cosimo; Giorgi, Filippo

    2017-04-01

    The increasing availability of satellite remote sensing data, of high temporal frequency and spatial resolution, has provided a new and enhanced view of the global ocean and atmosphere, revealing strong air-sea coupling processes throughout the ocean basins. In order to obtain an accurate representation and better understanding of the climate system, its variability and change, the inclusion of all mechanisms of interaction among the different sub-components, at high temporal and spatial resolution, becomes ever more desirable. Recently, global coupled models have been able to progressively refine their horizontal resolution to attempt to resolve smaller-scale processes. However, regional coupled ocean-atmosphere models can achieve even finer resolutions and provide additional information on the mechanisms of air-sea interactions and feedbacks. Here we describe a new, state-of-the-art, Earth System Regional Climate Model (RegCM-ES). RegCM-ES presently includes the coupling between atmosphere, ocean, land surface and sea-ice components, as well as an hydrological and ocean biogeochemistry model. The regional coupled model has been implemented and tested over some of the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) domains. RegCM-ES has shown improvements in the representation of precipitation and SST fields over the tested domains, as well as realistic representations of coupled air-sea processes and interactions. The RegCM-ES model, which can be easily implemented over any regional domain of interest, is open source making it suitable for usage by the large scientific community.

  18. Données probantes empiriques et promotion du leadership en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Données probantes empiriques et promotion du leadership en appui aux programmes de mise à niveau. Ce projet appuiera le passage à grande échelle d'interventions mises à l'essai localement visant à améliorer les moyens de subsistance des femmes et des jeunes en Afrique subsaharienne et en Asie. Il cible des ...

  19. The Dar es Salaam Seascape: A Case Study of an Environmental ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These pressures have resulted in substantial negative environmental state changes, e.g., habitat loss and degradation, biodiversity loss and disturbance of food webs, and coastal erosion/accretion. Thus, the Dar es Salaam seascape has become an environmental “hotspot” of degradation, with consequent negative ...

  20. Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Agata, Elisabetta; Testor, Carles Pérez; Rigo, Manuel

    2010-07-15

    As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 adolescents, ages ranging between 10 and 16, with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) and wearing the same kind of brace (Rigo System Chêneau Brace). The materials used were a socio-demographics data questionnaire, the SRS-22 and the Spanish version of BSSQ(brace).es. The statistical analysis calculated the reliability (test-retest reliability and internal consistency) and the validity (convergent and construct validity) of the BSSQ (brace).es. BSSQ(brace).es is reliable because of its satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.809, p < 0.001) and temporal stability (test-retest method with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.902 (p < 0.01)).It demonstrated convergent validity with SRS-22 since the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.656 (p < 0.01). By undertaking an Exploratory Principal Components Analysis, a latent structure was found based on two Components which explicate the variance at 60.8%. BSSQ (brace).es is reliable and valid and can be used with Spanish adolescents to assess the stress level caused by the brace.

  1. Welcome address / Mats Estonius, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Eduardo Ibàñes, Uffe A. Baslev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Läänemere strateegia konverentsi avasõnad laususid Tallinna Ülikooli teadusprorektor Mats Estonius, Eesti Vabariigi president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ((vt. ka foto lk. 21), Hispaania Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Eduardo Ibáñes ja Taani Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Uffe A. Baslev

  2. Approches de l'utilisation des eaux usées urbaines dans l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Quant aux systèmes de traitement des eaux financés par le CRDI qui utilisent la laitue d'eau à Dakar ... les eaux usées dans les cultures de salade, produit qui se mange cru. » .... Rompre le cycle de la pauvreté urbaine.

  3. Vidas na Raia: prostituçâo feminina em regiôes de fronteira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Isabel Blanco García

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Reseña Vidas na Raia: prostituçâo feminina em regiôes de fronteira. Manuela Ribeiro, Manuel Carlos Silva, Johanna Schouten, Fernando B. Riveiro, Octávio Sacramento. Porto: Afrontamento, 2007

  4. In vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells using the hanging drop method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiang; Yang, Phillip

    2008-07-23

    Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, This promising of science is leading scientists to investigate the possibility of cell-based therapies to treat disease. When culture in suspension without antidifferentiation factors, embryonic stem cells spontaneously differentiate and form three-dimensional multicellular aggregates. These cell aggregates are called embryoid bodies(EB). Hanging drop culture is a widely used EB formation induction method. The rounded bottom of hanging drop allows the aggregation of ES cells which can provide mES cells a good environment for forming EBs. The number of ES cells aggregatied in a hanging drop can be controlled by varying the number of cells in the initial cell suspension to be hung as a drop from the lid of Petri dish. Using this method we can reproducibly form homogeneous EBs from a predetermined number of ES cells.

  5. Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace.es for adolescents with braces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rigo Manuel

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL, the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (mit Korsett, for adolescents wearing braces. Methods The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 adolescents, ages ranging between 10 and 16, with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS and wearing the same kind of brace (Rigo System Chêneau Brace. The materials used were a socio-demographics data questionnaire, the SRS-22 and the Spanish version of BSSQ(brace.es. The statistical analysis calculated the reliability (test-retest reliability and internal consistency and the validity (convergent and construct validity of the BSSQ (brace.es. Results BSSQ(brace.es is reliable because of its satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.809, p It demonstrated convergent validity with SRS-22 since the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.656 (p Conclusions BSSQ (brace.es is reliable and valid and can be used with Spanish adolescents to assess the stress level caused by the brace.

  6. Permettre aux idées de vivre au Chili | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 oct. 2010 ... L'appui accordé par le CRDI à des spécialistes des sciences sociales du Chili pendant les années sombres de la dictature militaire a permis de soutenir un noyau de chercheurs prêts à remettre leur pays sur la voie de la démocratie.

  7. γ-Ray Emission from the Extreme Blazar 1ES 0229+200 J. Li, T ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Based on the traditional Synchrotron Self-Compton (SSC) model, we consider a secondary γ-ray emission component to an extreme blazar 1ES 0229 + 200 for the multiwavelength radiation. By assuming a suitable electron spectra and Inter-Galactic Magnetic Field (IGMF), we obtained excellent fits to observed ...

  8. Prolifération filamenteuse en boues activées

    OpenAIRE

    Juzan, L.; Vedrenne, J.

    2010-01-01

    / Le développement excessif de bactéries filamenteuses en boues activées peut entrainer des dysfonctionnements biologiques tels qu'un foisonnement et/ou un moussage stable. Quels sont les moyens de prévention, de diagnostic et de traitement actuellement disponibles ?

  9. Lasolución habitacional de "Hogares de Cristo": ¿es replicable?

    OpenAIRE

    López Sande, Lucía

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la propuesta desarrollada por Hogares de Cristo como solución de habitabilidad básica para estudiar posteriormente cómo trasladar este sistema a otros países en vías de desarrollo que tengan un problema habitacional similar, concretamente en Haití.

  10. Child Labour in Urban Agriculture: The Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mlozi, Malongo R. S.

    1995-01-01

    Urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam was found to use child labor of both children with parents of higher and lower socioeconomic status (SES). Discusses policy implications and calls for the education of parents of lower SES not to expect an economic contribution from their children's labor, and the education of children about their rights. (LZ)

  11. How Children Living in Poor Areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania Perceive Their Own Multiple Intelligences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Pauline; Humble, Steve; Chan, David W.

    2016-01-01

    This study was carried out with 1,857 poor children from 17 schools, living in low-income areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. All children took the "Student Multiple Intelligences Profile" (SMIP) questionnaire as part of a bigger project that gathered data around concepts and beliefs of talent. This paper sets out two aims, first to…

  12. Refração por retinoscopia com luz em faixa em cães

    OpenAIRE

    Ranzani,J.J.T.; Mobricci,L.A.L.; Carvalho,L.R.; Brandão,C.V.S.

    2008-01-01

    A refração ocular por retinoscopia com luz em faixa em 10 cães normais, sem raça definida, demonstrou que a maioria dos animais, independentemente do porte, apresentou tendência à hipermetropia, além de anisometropia e astigmatismo.

  13. 29ièmes Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie: Meeting Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    The Members of the Organizing Committee

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The “Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie” is a recognized two-day annual meeting on Medicinal Chemistry that is renowned for the advanced science presented, conviviality, and outstanding opportunities for senior and young scientists to exchange knowledge. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report.

  14. 30ièmes Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samia Aci-Sèche

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The “Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie” is a recognized annual meeting in organic and medicinal chemistry known for the quality of scientific exchange and conviviality. Young researchers were encouraged to present their work and share ideas with senior scientists. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report.

  15. Requirements for an ES and H assurance program at the working levels of organization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tierney, M.S.; Ellingson, A.C.

    1979-07-01

    Means by which the disciplines of quality assurance (QA), reliability (R), and human factors (HF) might be used to the advantage of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) programs are being investigated. A generalized model assurance program, based on QA, R, and HF principles but specifically tailored to ES and H program needs, has been developed. Current studies address implementation of the model assurance program at the working levels of organization. It appears that the only way practicability at the working level can be determined is by the case study method. The present study represents a first step in the application of such a procedure. An attempt was made to approach the question of practicability by first constructing a generic ES and H assurance plan for working-level organizations that is based upon the more widely-applied model plan and studies mentioned earlier. Then the elements of this generic working-level plan were compared with the practices of an existing R and D organization at Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque. Some of the necessary steps were taken to convert these practices to those required by the generic plan in order to gain a measure of the feasibility, cost, and some of the possible benefits of such a conversion. Partial results of one case study are presented, and some generalizations that emerge regarding the structure of an idealized working-level ES and H plan are made

  16. Patterns and correlates of solid waste disposal practices in Dar es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examines the patterns and correlations of solid waste disposal practices among households in urbanized and populated Dar es Salaam city in Tanzania. The Tanzanian Household Budget Survey (HBS) data covering many households' characteristics was used. Multinomial Logit (MNL) model was applied to ...

  17. Étude ethnobotanique des plantes médicinales utilisées dans le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    29 févr. 2016 ... Tamarix aphylla. Tamaris. Takawet. 4. Thymelaeaceae. Daphne gnidium. Garou. Lzaze. 8. Verbenaceae. Lippia citriodora. Verveine. Louiza. 1. Zygophyllaceae. Zygophyllum gaetulum. Zygophylle. Äakaya. 2. Analyse floristique : Les espèces végétales inventoriées sont réparties en quarante-sept genres ...

  18. Key events and their effects on cycling behaviour in Dar-es-Salaam : abstract + powerpoint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nkurunziza, A.; Zuidgeest, M.H.P.; Brussel, M.J.G.; van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    The paper explores key events and investigates their effects on cycling behaviour in the city of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. The objective of the study is to identify specific key events during a person’s life course with a significant effect on change of travel behaviour towards cycling in relation to

  19. Mahler: Sinfonie Nr. 8 Es-Dur (Sinfonie der Tausend) / Norbert Rüdell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüdell, Norbert

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Mahler: Sinfonie Nr. 8 Es-Dur (Sinfonie der Tausend). Estonian Boys' Choir, Brunnsbo Children's Choir, Gothenburg Opera Chorus, Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Choir, Gothenburg Symphony Chorus, Gothenburg Opera Chorus, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. BIS/Disco-Center CD 700 (WD:72'18")

  20. Les bandes criminalisées en tant qu'agresseurs et « protecteurs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 oct. 2015 ... Mise à jour | Villes sûres et inclusives Quelles sont les causes de la violence urbaine ? Dans certains secteurs où la criminalité est élevée, les bandes criminalisées jouent le rôle d'agresseur et de « protecteur ».

  1. 29ièmes Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie: Meeting Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The “Journées Franco-Belges de Pharmacochimie” is a recognized two-day annual meeting on Medicinal Chemistry that is renowned for the advanced science presented, conviviality, and outstanding opportunities for senior and young scientists to exchange knowledge. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report. PMID:26593925

  2. CDC Signos Vitales: Piense en la septicemia. El tiempo es crucial. (Think Sepsis. Time Matters.)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de agosto del 2016 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. La septicemia es una emergencia médica y puede ocurrir rápidamente. Conozca los signos de la septicemia y la forma de prevenirla.

  3. Caractéristiques sociodémographiques associées au risque de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Caractéristiques sociodémographiques associées au risque de transmission du VIH, du VHC et de Treponema pallidum par les donneurs de sang de premier don de Libreville (Gabon) : dynamique trisannuelle des infections de 2009 à 2015.

  4. The effect of El Nino on trypanosome infection in cattle in Dar es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A retrospective study was carried out to assess the effect of El Nino on trypanosome infection in cattle. Trypanosome infection was monitored in free grazing dairy cattle before and after El Nino in Dar es Salaam. The study involved 49 smallholder dairy herds with a total of 570 dairy cattle. Trypanosomes were identified by ...

  5. planning for the automation of the university of dar es salaam library

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper examines the planning process for the automation of the University of Dar es Salaam Library. The planning phases described include the preparation phase, planning for implementation and database construction. The major issues during the preparation phase are the discussion on the context of automation, ...

  6. Rede social de apoio de mães com deficiência intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glauce Munira Silveira Araújo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo caracterizou a rede de apoio de mães com deficiência intelectual e analisou a opinião das pessoas que lhes fornecem apoio. Participaram do estudo cinco mães com deficiência intelectual e oito fontes de apoio. Foram realizadas entrevistas de levantamento de dados, entrevista com as mães sobre apoio social e entrevista com as fontes de apoio acerca do apoio fornecido. Os resultados demonstraram restrita rede social, constituída majoritariamente por familiares e por apoio prático, além de histórias de vida difíceis. Tais dados apontam a necessidade de serviços que favoreçam o aumento da rede social dessas mães e o tipo de apoio, e a importância de futuros estudos que investiguem os aspectos envolvidos no isolamento social e na maternidade dessas mulheres.

  7. The treatment implementation advisor: a component of the GypsES project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael C. Saunders; Michael A. Foster

    1991-01-01

    The treatment implementation advisor is one of the knowledge based advisory modules of GypsES, a knowledge system environment for decision support in gypsy moth management. Its function is to provide detailed advice on intervention tactics for gypsy moth: e.g. aerial and ground application of insecticides and microbials, inundative or augmentative releases of...

  8. Les revistes bilingües a la Tortosa de la II República

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Carme Gombau Domingo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available En l’àmbit de la premsa tortosina en català del primer terç del segle xx es donen dues actituds lingüístiques: la fabriana i la tortosinista. La primera, partidària del model de llengua de l’IEC, era minoritària als anys vint però es generalitza a partir dels anys trenta (La Veu de Tortosa, La Veu Comarcal, Ara, Acció, Vida Tortosina i Lluita; mentre que el tortosinisme, que es correspon amb una ideologia cada cop més localista i que eleva el «parlar tortosí» a la categoria de llengua, queda reduït durant la II República a tres revistes bilingües: La Zuda, Germanor i La Santa Cinta. There were two linguistic actitudes in the tortosine press of the first third in the 20th century: the fabriana amb the tortosinista. The fabriana, in favour of the IEC linguistic model, was in minority during the 20’s, but it became widespread from the 30’s (La Veu de Tortosa, La Veu Comarcal, Ara, Acció, Vida Tortosina i Lluita. The second, the tortosinista, had a local ideology and compared the tortosinisme talk as a complet language, but it was reduced during the ii Republic to three magazines: La Zuda, Germanor i La Santa Cinta.

  9. Heavy metal contamination in agricultural soils and water in Dar es ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    Department of Environmental Science and Management, Ardhi University, P. O. Box 35176, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Accepted 20 ... opportunities, demand for food, proximity to markets and ... serious environmental and public health effects. One of ... concentrations they can lead to poisoning (Cambra et al.,. 1999).

  10. Modeling commuter preferences for the proposed bus rapid transit in Dar-es-Salaam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nkurunziza, A.; Zuidgeest, M.H.P.; Brussel, M.J.G.; van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyzes individual commuter preferences towards the proposed bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. The objective of the survey was to identify how commuters perceive and value the proposed BRT service quality attributes. A stated preference survey of potential users

  11. Paz, la tarea es fortalecer la participación social y popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulio Gilberto Astudillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Asistimos a un momento histórico en Colombia, se marca posiblemente, el cierre de una cruenta confrontación armada de más de 50 años, entre las Farc-Ep y el gobierno Colombiano, este solo hecho ya de por sí, es bien importante, pero no suficiente.

  12. 78 FR 58607 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1041-ES

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Form 1041-ES, Estimated Income Tax for Estates and Trusts. DATES: Written comments should be received on or before November 25, 2013 to be assured of consideration. ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments... INFORMATION: Title: Estimated Income Tax for Estates and Trusts. OMB Number: 1545-0971. Form Number: Form 1041...

  13. Entry format for representation of analytical relations on the ES computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katan, I.B.; Sal'nikova, O.V.; Blokhin, A.I.

    1981-01-01

    Structure and description of an input format for representation of analytical relations on the ES compUter as well as dictionaries of key words and system identificators for thermal-physical and hydraulic data are presented. It is shown that the format considered can be the basis at the formation of library of analytical relations [ru

  14. Manejo del esófago de Barrett: del tamizaje a los nuevos tratamientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Thoguluva Chandrasekar

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El esófago de Barrett es un trastorno premaligno del esófago en el cual el epitelio escamoso de la porción distal del esófago es reemplazado por epitelio columnar. Debido a que la incidencia de adenocarcinoma esofágico se encuentra al alza, la mayoría de las sociedades de Gastroenterología han emitido sus propias recomendaciones para el tamizaje y la vigilancia. Factores específicos como la obesidad, la raza blanca, la edad por encima de los 50 años, el inicio del ERGE a edad temprana, el tabaquismo y la hernia hiatal han sido identificados como factores que incrementan el riesgo de esófago de Barrett y adenocarcinoma. El diagnóstico requiere tanto de la identificación endoscópica de mucosa con revestimiento columnar como de la confirmación histológica con biopsia. La mayoría de las sociedades médicas recomiendan tamizar a todas las personas con ERGE, así como aquellos con otros factores de riesgo con endoscopia; sin embargo, otras alternativas que utilizan métodos menos invasivos se encuentran bajo estudio en la actualidad. Las estrategias de vigilancia varían dependiendo de los hallazgos endoscópicos y se recomienda el protocolo de biopsias de Seattle con un muestreo de 4 cuadrantes aleatorizado. Algunos biomarcadores han mostrado resultados prometedores, aunque se requieren de más estudios en el futuro. La endoscopia de luz blanca es el estándar en la práctica, sin embargo, otras modalidades de imagen más avanzadas han mostrado resultados variables y, por lo tanto, se esperan más estudios para obtener validación adicional. Las técnicas de erradicación endoscópica, incluyendo tanto la resección como la ablación, han mostrado buenos resultados, aunque variables, en el tratamiento de lesiones displásicas confinadas a la mucosa. Los procedimientos de resección para remover las lesiones visibles seguida por la ablación de la mucosa displásica han mostrado los mejores resultados, con tasas de erradicación m

  15. Oligocyclopentadienyl transition metal complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Azevedo, Cristina G.; Vollhardt, K. Peter C.

    2002-01-18

    Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity studies of oligocyclopentadienyl transition metal complexes, namely those of fulvalene, tercyclopentadienyl, quatercyclopentadienyl, and pentacyclopentadienyl(cyclopentadienyl) are the subject of this account. Thermal-, photo-, and redox chemistries of homo- and heteropolynuclear complexes are described.

  16. Photocytotoxic lanthanide complexes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Among many applications of lanthanides, gadolinium complexes are used as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents in clinical radiology and luminescent lanthanides for bioanalysis, imaging and sensing. The chemistry of photoactive lanthanide complexes showing biological applications is of recent origin.

  17. Émissions azotées au champ et performances des machines lors de l'épandage de boues issues du traitement des eaux usées

    OpenAIRE

    Pradel, M.; Pacaud, T.; Cariolle, M.

    2011-01-01

    / Ce document est un rapport de synthèse des travaux réalisés dans le cadre du projet Ecodefi sur l'estimation des émissions azotées lors de l'épandage de boues issues du traitement des eaux usées en lien avec les performances technologiques des machines utilisées à cet effet.

  18. O esôfago de Barrett associado à estenose cáustica do esôfago Barrett's esophagus associated to caustic stenosis of the esophagus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Adami Andreollo

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: A estenose esofágica secundária à ingestão de produtos cáusticos é freqüente no Brasil, principalmente como tentativa de suicídio. O esôfago de Barrett surge como conseqüência do refluxo gastroesofágico crônico. A literatura pesquisada mostrou que esta associação é muito rara. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: De 1981 a 2000 foram admitidos e tratados no Gastrocentro-UNICAMP (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP. 120 doentes com estenose cáustica do esôfago e durante o seguimento destes, foram encontrados 9 casos associados com o esôfago de Barrett (7,5%. O tempo de ingestão do cáustico variou de 4 a 54 anos (média de 29 anos e eram quatro homens e cinco mulheres, oito brancos e um negro, com idade média de 57,7 anos (43 a 72 anos. RESULTADOS: Todos os casos apresentavam disfagia e a endoscopia digestiva alta flexível mostrou áreas de estenose e seqüelas de esofagite cáustica. Três pacientes referiram sintomas de refluxo gastroesofágico, mas hérnia de hiato foi encontrada em apenas um caso. O esôfago de Barrett foi encontrado no terço médio do esôfago em três casos, acima das áreas de estenose, e nos demais, no terço distal. A disfagia foi tratada com dilatações esofágicas periódicas. Dois pacientes apresentando sintomas de refluxo grave foram submetidos a fundoplicatura à Nissen modificado através de videolaparoscopia, com bons resultados. CONCLUSÕES: O esôfago de Barrett nesses doentes poderia estar associado com a ingestão de cáustico, porque nem sempre esteve associado à esofagite por refluxo. É muito importante o seguimento desses doentes e realização periódica de endoscopias digestivas com biopsias do esôfago de Barrett, devido à possibilidade de malignização.BACKGROUND: The esophageal stenosis secondary to the ingestion of caustic products is frequent in Brazil, mainly due to an attempt suicide. The Barrett's esophagus is consequence of the chronic gastroesophageal reflux. The

  19. EsLorca: An initiative for earthquake education and awareness on seismic risk; EsLorca: una iniciativa para la educacion y concienciacion sobre el riesgo sismico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez Moreno, F.; Salazar Ortuno, A.; Martinez Diaz, J.; Lopez Martin, J. A.; Terrer Miras, R.; Hernandez Sapena, A.

    2012-11-01

    The experience of a multidisciplinary group of professionals during the emergency following the damaging Lorca 2011 earthquake shows that a more thorough preparation of the population prior to the event would have reduced the effects on the population in general and even possibly reduced the number of victims. Our aim here is to present a realistic and applicable educational project (EsLorca) based on the knowledge and experience obtained in Lorca in order to fill this educational gap. EsLorca is designed as a training project to help students/citizens to achieve the minimum skills necessary to react appropriately during and after a destructive earthquake on the basis of their understanding of earthquake phenomena, from its geological origins to its effects on buildings. In addition to state education, the project intends in its objectives to reach adult and senior citizens. The educational plan consists of a series of activities designed to last 50 minutes, which can be taken part in during academic tutoring sessions and are easy to organise in neighbourhood associations, senior citizens centres, and the work place and so on. Planning for adults and older citizens would be adapted to the specific conditions and needs of each centre or association. The structure of the plan is sequential. Its initial content is related directly to the emergency before passing on to a suitable knowledge and understanding of the geological phenomenon and its consequences. (Author) 13 refs.

  20. ComplexRec 2017

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    a single step in the user's more complex background need. These background needs can often place a variety of constraints on which recommendations are interesting to the user and when they are appropriate. However, relatively little research has been done on these complex recommendation scenarios....... The ComplexRec 2017 workshop addressed this by providing an interactive venue for discussing approaches to recommendation in complex scenarios that have no simple one-size-fits-all-solution....

  1. Immunolocalization and immunodetection of the excretory/secretory (ES) antigens of Fasciola gigantica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, M A Hannan; Ullah, Rizwan; Rehman, Abdur; Rehman, Lubna; P A, Ahammed Shareef; Abidi, S M A

    2017-01-01

    The digenetic trematode Fasciola gigantica is a parasite of great agricultural and economic importance. Along with Fasciola hepatica, F. gigantica incurs huge economic losses to the agricultural sector. Because of unavailability of an effective and commercial vaccine, the earliest diagnosis of the disease is the only way to control the disease. The conventional coprological techniques are able to detect the disease only after the parasites get matured and starts releasing their eggs with the faeces of host, therefore prepatent infection remain undiagnosed. The alternative method is by serological tests that uses circulatory antigens. Despite high sensitivity, their reliability is quite low because of the common antigens shared between different helminth parasites. To overcome this, investigation was shifted to identify the copro-antigens which could be more sensitive and reliable. In the present study, we tried to identify some of the immunodominant proteins from the Excretory Secretory (ES) product of F. gigantica which can be further characterized and used for early detection of infection and also as drug and vaccine candidates. The ES products of F. gigantica were collected and used for raising the polyclonal antibody in rabbit. The polypeptide profile was generated as well as immunogenic polypeptides were identified. The Source of ES antigen was immunolocalized using confocal microscopy and dot blot assay was performed to diagnose field infection. The polypeptide profile of ES products revealed a total of 24 polypeptides out of which 12 immunogenic polypeptides were identified by western blotting. Confocal micrographs showed the immunolocalization of antigens in the intestinal caecae, vitalline glands, gonads as well as in the tegument of the worm. The dot blot assay confirmed the utility of ES products for the detection of field infection. Subsequently, cross reactivity was found negative with Gigantocotyle explanatum; an amphitome parasite of same habitat

  2. Immunolocalization and immunodetection of the excretory/secretory (ES antigens of Fasciola gigantica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M A Hannan Khan

    Full Text Available The digenetic trematode Fasciola gigantica is a parasite of great agricultural and economic importance. Along with Fasciola hepatica, F. gigantica incurs huge economic losses to the agricultural sector. Because of unavailability of an effective and commercial vaccine, the earliest diagnosis of the disease is the only way to control the disease. The conventional coprological techniques are able to detect the disease only after the parasites get matured and starts releasing their eggs with the faeces of host, therefore prepatent infection remain undiagnosed. The alternative method is by serological tests that uses circulatory antigens. Despite high sensitivity, their reliability is quite low because of the common antigens shared between different helminth parasites. To overcome this, investigation was shifted to identify the copro-antigens which could be more sensitive and reliable. In the present study, we tried to identify some of the immunodominant proteins from the Excretory Secretory (ES product of F. gigantica which can be further characterized and used for early detection of infection and also as drug and vaccine candidates. The ES products of F. gigantica were collected and used for raising the polyclonal antibody in rabbit. The polypeptide profile was generated as well as immunogenic polypeptides were identified. The Source of ES antigen was immunolocalized using confocal microscopy and dot blot assay was performed to diagnose field infection. The polypeptide profile of ES products revealed a total of 24 polypeptides out of which 12 immunogenic polypeptides were identified by western blotting. Confocal micrographs showed the immunolocalization of antigens in the intestinal caecae, vitalline glands, gonads as well as in the tegument of the worm. The dot blot assay confirmed the utility of ES products for the detection of field infection. Subsequently, cross reactivity was found negative with Gigantocotyle explanatum; an amphitome parasite

  3. Trastornos Asociados a la Deficiencia de Yodo. Vigilancia permanente es deficitaria en zonas vulnerables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Vargas-Uricoechea

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Los Desórdenes por Deficiencia de Yodo (DDY son uno de los mayores problemas en salud pública en el mundo actual, en especial en niños y embarazadas. Estos trastornos truncan el desarrollo socioeconómico en aquellas zonas que los padecen; las poblaciones que viven en zonas yodo-deficientes siempre van a estar expuestas a sufrir las consecuencias originadas por esta deficiencia, en especial el aumento en la mortalidad perinatal, retardo mental, alteraciones en la síntesis de hormonas tiroideas, hipotiroidismo, hipertiroidismo y bocio. La mejor forma de evaluar los DDY es por medio de la yoduria y la mejor estrategia para reducir la prevalencia de estos desórdenes en la población es a través de la yodación universal de la sal. Para actualizar el conocimiento de esta problemática –tanto en el mundo como en Colombia- se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura médica expuesta en las bases de datos de MEDLINE y de LILACS. En total, la búsqueda arrojó la presencia de 723 artículos, la revisión de sus resúmenes permitió escoger inicialmente 114 artículos, de los cuales se decidió incluir en la revisión a 60 de ellos. Se encontró que en Colombia el diagnóstico de DDI es subvalorado, desconociéndose la problemática actual y el estado del yodo poblacional, por lo que es necesario realizar estos estudios, ya que es evidente el abandono político de este problema prevenible, predecible y tratable.

  4. Towards saturation of the electron-capture delayed fission probability: The new isotopes 240Es and 236Bk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Konki

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The new neutron-deficient nuclei 240Es and 236Bk were synthesised at the gas-filled recoil separator RITU. They were identified by their radioactive decay chains starting from 240Es produced in the fusion–evaporation reaction 209Bi(34S,3n240Es. Half-lives of 6(2s and 22−6+13s were obtained for 240Es and 236Bk, respectively. Two groups of α particles with energies Eα=8.19(3MeV and 8.09(3MeV were unambiguously assigned to 240Es. Electron-capture delayed fission branches with probabilities of 0.16(6 and 0.04(2 were measured for 240Es and 236Bk, respectively. These new data show a continuation of the exponential increase of ECDF probabilities in more neutron-deficient isotopes.

  5. Complex Correspondence Principle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bender, Carl M.; Meisinger, Peter N.; Hook, Daniel W.; Wang Qinghai

    2010-01-01

    Quantum mechanics and classical mechanics are distinctly different theories, but the correspondence principle states that quantum particles behave classically in the limit of high quantum number. In recent years much research has been done on extending both quantum and classical mechanics into the complex domain. These complex extensions continue to exhibit a correspondence, and this correspondence becomes more pronounced in the complex domain. The association between complex quantum mechanics and complex classical mechanics is subtle and demonstrating this relationship requires the use of asymptotics beyond all orders.

  6. Uranium thiolate complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leverd, Pascal C.

    1994-01-01

    This research thesis proposes a new approach to the chemistry of uranium thiolate complexes as these compounds are very promising for various uses (in bio-inorganic chemistry, in some industrial processes like oil desulphurization). It more particularly addresses the U-S bond or more generally bonds between polarizable materials and hard metals. The author thus reports the study of uranium organometallic thiolates (tricyclo-penta-dienic and mono-cyclo-octa-tetraenylic complexes), and of uranium homoleptic thiolates (tetra-thiolate complexes, hexa-thiolate complexes, reactivity of homoleptic thiolate complexes) [fr

  7. Lo peculiar de los seres humanos no es la razón, sino la voluntad libre

    OpenAIRE

    PASCUAL F. MARTÍNEZ-FREIRE

    2015-01-01

    Mi tesis es que los seres humanos son agentes racionales pero no pueden ser definidos como los agentes racionales. Las ciencias cognitivas (psicología y neurociencia, y también la inteligencia artificial) nos dicen que algunos animales y algunas máquinas son asimismo agentes racionales. En mi opinión el rasgo más característico de mujeres y hombres no es su dimensión racional sino su dimensión volicional, es decir, su aspecto de ser agentes libres. Es precisamente en este aspecto volicional d...

  8. Les bases de données : outils de stockage et d'exploitation des échantillonnages piscicoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANLAVILLE-BOISSON C.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available L'étude des relations espèces-environnement à différentes échelles d'espace et de temps impose la manipulation de grands volumes de données et la confrontation de différents types d'informations (biologiques et environnementales. Afin d'optimiser la gestion informatique des données écologiques, plusieurs bases de données (correspondant à des données de structures différentes ont été élaborées sur micro-ordinateur en utilisant des systèmes de gestion de bases de données différents autour desquels ont été développées des applications spécifiques destinées à faciliter et compléter la gestion de l'information, depuis la saisie des données jusqu'à l'obtention des tableaux à analyser.

  9. INOVAÇÕES EM ALIMENTAÇÃO: AS PERCEPÇÕES DOS CONSUMIDORES SOBRE PRODUTOS ENRIQUECIDOS E TRANSGÊNICOS RESUMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thelma Lucchese Cheung

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Logo do cabeçalho da página AJUDA DO SISTEMA USUÁRIO Logado como: elvis MEUS PERIÓDICOS PERFIL SAIR DO SISTEMA CONTEÚDO DA REVISTA Pesquisa Escopo da Busca Pesquisar Procurar POR EDIÇÃO POR AUTOR POR TÍTULO OUTRAS REVISTAS TAMANHO DE FONTE MAKE FONT SIZE SMALLERMAKE FONT SIZE DEFAULTMAKE FONT SIZE LARGER INFORMAÇÕES PARA LEITORES PARA AUTORES PARA BIBLIOTECÁRIOS OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS CAPA SOBRE PÁGINA DO USUÁRIO PESQUISA ATUAL ANTERIORES NOTÍCIAS MESTRADO EM DESENVOLVIMENTO TERRITORIAL E SISTEMAS AGROINDUSTRIAIS BOAS PRÁTICAS DA PUBLICAÇÃO - ANPAD AVALIADORES 2012 AVALIADORES 2013 AVALIADORES 2014 AVALIADORES 2015 CAPA > V. 7, N. 4 (2015 >\tCHEUNG INOVAÇÕES EM ALIMENTAÇÃO: AS PERCEPÇÕES DOS CONSUMIDORES SOBRE PRODUTOS ENRIQUECIDOS E TRANSGÊNICOS RESUMO Thelma Lucchese Cheung, Claudia Macedo, Thiago Neves, Wellington da Silva Rodrigues Resumo Pretendeu-se neste artigo apresentar as percepções de um grupo de consumidores brasileiros em relação às inovações no setor de alimentos. Questionados sobre os alimentos transformados, geneticamente modificados e transgênicos que estão no mercado as opiniões dos indivíduos, cheias de valores e atitudes, permitiram a este estudo observar suas representações dessas inovações. O estudo que deu origem a este artigo é exploratório e qualitativo. Questões abertas de um questionário foram utilizadas para compreender as percepções da amostra sobre as inovações estudadas. As declarações de indivíduos adultos, de 20 a 40 anos, de ambos os gêneros e com alto nível de escolaridade e habitantes de diferentes estados brasileiros revelaram reações positivas quanto aos produtos modificados e transgênicos, associando-os com avanços da ciência e benefícios das descobertas científicas como alternativas de consumo conveniente e mais saudável.

  10. ¿Es necesario investigar anticuerpos IgM contra el virus de la hepatitis A cuando el enzimograma hepático es normal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Coitinho

    Full Text Available La hepatitis por virus A (VHA es la más frecuente de las hepatitis virales en el mundo, especialmente en los países subdesarrollados. Donde esta enfermedad es endémica, se suelen realizar un gran número de estudios de laboratorio para confirmarla. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la utilidad de investigar anticuerpos IgM anti hepatitis A (IgM anti-VHA para el diagnóstico de la VHA en pacientes con niveles séricos normales de aspartato y alanina aminotransferasas (AST/ALT. Todos los pacientes que concurrieron al laboratorio con solicitud de enzimograma hepático y anticuerpos IgM anti-VHA durante el período octubre 2005-marzo 2006 fueron evaluados en este estudio. Los datos clínicos más frecuentes fueron presunción de hepatitis e ictericia (27,5 y 12,7%. La determinación de IgM anti-VHA se realizó por ensayo inmunoenzimático de micropartículas (MEIA; la de enzimas hepáticas en un multianalizador. De los 158 pacientes estudiados, 84 tenían valores elevados de AST/ALT; dentro de este grupo, el 82% fue reactivo para IgM anti-VHA. Los 74 pacientes restantes mostraron niveles normales de AST/ALT y solo 7 de ellos, bajo control de evolución por VHA ya confirmada, fueron reactivos para IgM anti-VHA. El 49% de los pacientes IgM anti-VHA reactivos correspondió a menores de 10 años. De acuerdo con estas observaciones, sugerimos que los estudios de laboratorio para confirmar infección aguda por VHA deberían realizarse en forma secuencial, ya que es innecesaria la determinación de anticuerpos IgM anti-VHA cuando las aminotransferasas séricas son normales.

  11. “AL TORO POR LOS CUERNOS…”: CRISIS ES RIESGO Y ES OPORTUNIDAD ("THE BULL BY THE HORNS ..." CRISIS IS RISK AND OPPORTUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurdián Fernández Alicia

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este artículo argumento que: a el derecho a la educación no se puede negar en tiempos de crisis, puesto que invertir en educación es una llave para romper círculos perversos y abre oportunidades para las personas; b un Estado, que se respete así mismo, no puede cuestionar los derechos de sus ciudadanas y ciudadanos; c ante una crisis, caben dos opciones: atemorizarse ante ella o enfrentarla con coraje para sacar el máximo provecho de las oportunidades que las crisis encierran; d las políticas en materia educativa y social, que se aplican en Costa Rica impulsadas por el Banco Mundial y sus agencias, no son nada ingenuas, todo lo contrario; e la colonialidad del ser emerge de la colonialidad del poder manejada por el Estado, y la colonialidad del saber es liderada por la ciencia moderna. A partir de la argumentación que planteo concluyo afirmando que es urgente iniciar una Revolución Educativa, a partir de un cuestionamiento participativo para generar las bases conceptuales que re-orienten los principios y objetivos de la investigación y de la enseñanza en Costa Rica.Abstract:In this paper I argue that a the right to education cannot be denied in times of crisis because education, as an investment, is a key to break vicious circles and create opportunities for people, b a State that respects itself cannot question the rights of its citizens; c before a crisis, there are two options: be frightened by it or face it with courage to take full advantage of the opportunities that the crisis enclose d social and educational policies applied in Costa Rica, are promoted by the World Bank and its agencies are nothing naive, on the contrary, e the coloniality of being emerges from the coloniality of power handled by the State and the coloniality of knowledge is being led by science modern. From the arguments raised I concluded by stating that it is urgent to start an educational revolution, from a participatory challenge to generate the

  12. Qué es el pensamiento creativo What is the creative thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Almansa Martínez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El proceso creativo es un método de solución de problemas. Cuando surgen nuevos o viejos problemas que no podemos resolver con las respuestas conocidas, se pone de manifiesto la necesidad de pensar de una manera distinta, de reinventar, de redefinir, de crear soluciones novedosas y originales. La creatividad es una capacidad universal e innata, que todos poseemos en diferentes grados y es una cualidad necesaria en el desarrollo de cualquier actividad artística o científica. Sin embargo, ha sido muy poco estudiada desde la Enfermería a pesar de que hablar de pensamiento creativo es hablar del mundo de las ideas, de progreso y de futuro. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar sobre la importancia del estilo de pensamiento en la creatividad y la necesidad de estimularla y potenciarla desde los diferentes entornos enfermeros. Dado que la creatividad se puede aprender, para aumentar las aportaciones creativas en el colectivo enfermero es necesario desarrollar el pensamiento creativo individual desde el entorno educativo e institucional.The creative process is a method of solution of problems. When there arise new or old problems that we cannot solve with the known answers, there is revealed the need to think in a different way, to reinvent, to re-define, to create new and original solutions. The creativity is a universal and innate capacity, which we we all possess in different degrees and is a necessary quality in the development of any artistic or scientific activity. Nevertheless, it has been very little studied from nursing in spite of the fact that to speak about creative thought is to speak about the world of the ideas, about progress and about future. Objective: To think about the importance of the style of thought in the creativity and the need to stimulate her and nurses to promote it from the different environments nurses. Provided that the creativity can be learned, to increase the creative contributions in the collective nurse is

  13. Apps y gestión de marca ¿es indispensable ser mobile?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahaira González Romo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La gestión estratégica de la marca a través de los medios de comunicación digital ha cobrado especial relevancia en los últimos años, y prácticamente todas las empresas que se aprecien de llevar una comunicación acorde a sus públicos han desarrollado herramientas y adaptado su comunicación de marca a los diferentes soportes, medios y entornos que han ido emergiendo, hasta el punto de que este proceso ha sufrido una metamorfosis que no todas las empresas consiguen asumir y entender. No sólo hablamos de un replanteamiento y adaptación a las nuevas tecnologías, sino una “nueva forma” de pensar las marcas y su repercusión e imagen en la mente de los consumidores. Tal es el caso de las aplicaciones para los smartphones, que se han desarrollado con una virulencia impresionante, aproximadamente 200.000 actualmente, y el número continúa creciendo. Este estudio pretende ser una primera aproximación a la aparición de las marcas en las aplicaciones para móviles, específicamente en las aplicaciones destinadas a iPhone.Gracias esta investigación sabemos que es indispensable tener en cuenta tres criterios básicos en el desarrollo de aplicaciones; el primero y más importante es que los anunciantes deben centrarse en el análisis de las necesidades de los usuarios, determinar sus objetivos, elaborar planes de integración y sobre todo preparar los medios de comunicación multicanal y de apoyo a la comercialización. Si la aplicación es correcta pero no funciona adecuadamente, deteriora la imagen de la marca de cara al cliente. En segundo lugar, la experiencia del usuario en las aplicaciones móviles debe ser complementaria y coherente con su experiencia a través de otros canales, es decir, debe mantenerse fiel a la marca y a la identidad de la empresa. Y el tercer criterio, es importante para la marca ir adaptándose a las nuevas tecnologías, pues una incorporación precaria y mal desarrollada puede ser más perjudicial que no el

  14. Periodismo sin poder. Un estudio de un caso en Elpaís.com; Elmundo.es y ABC.es

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Asis Cordeiro da Silva

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El periodismo, a lo largo de su existencia se ha enfrentado a numerosas crisis para consolidar unos elementos fundamentales que le permitan fortalecer el poder de contribuir a la democracia y ayudar al ciudadano a autogobernarse. El presente artículo es fruto de una tesina presentada a la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid y utilizó el análisis de contenido cualitativo para evaluar lo que las versiones online de los principales periódicos de circulación nacional en España están entregando a la población bajo el título de periodismo online. Las conclusiones pueden ayudar al debate respecto a la idea de periodismo que se quiera proponer a la sociedad. El marco teórico fue la teoría del framing y la agenda setting.

  15. INSTALAÇÕES SANITÁRIAS, EQUIPAMENTOS E ÁREAS DE CIRCULAÇÃO EM HOSPITAIS: ADEQUAÇÕES AOS DEFICIENTES FÍSICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTONIA ELIANA DE ARAÚJO ARAGÃO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo cuya meta es verificar si los hospitales de la ciudad de Sobral,Ceará, tienen instalaciones sanitarias adecuadas, espacios en auditorios, ascensores, salidas de emergencia y aparcamientos que obedezcan las necesidades de personas portadoras de deficiencia física. Con base en la NBR 9050 de la ABNT con instrumento tipo chequeo de lista. Dados recogidos en mayo de 2004. La muestra abarcó los cuatro hospitales existentes. Dos hospitales poseen instalaciones sanitarias, con artefacto sanitario y lavabo adaptados. Ninguno de ellos tiene vestuarios y baños accesibles. No existen ni ascensores, ni salidas de emergencia, ni aparcamiento demarcado y tampoco hay señalización de acceso. Queda así evidente la necesidad de que se cumplan las normas legales que permitirán el acceso de las personas portadoras de deficiencia física.

  16. DISCUTINDO RELAÇÕES DE GÊNERO ENTRE DISCENTES E DOCENTES A PARTIR DAS COLABORAÇÕES DE SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR E PIERRE BOURDIEU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano das Neves Bodart

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Busca-se por meio deste artigo discutir as relações de gênero no Ensino Superior, mas especificamente entre discentes e docentes. Para tanto, foi realizada uma pesquisa com docentes de uma instituição superior privada localizada na Região Metropolitana da Grande Vitória-ES, sendo a estes aplicados questionários fechados. Objetiva-se, a partir das colaborações teóricas de Bourdieu e Beauvoir, discutir a percepção dos docentes dos sexos masculinos e femininos quanto às relações entre professor-aluno.  Identificou-se que mesmo que o Ensino Superior, campo investigado pela pesquisa, caracterize-se como “menos masculino”, a coleta de campo evidenciou que existem momentos em que a desigualdade entre gênero torna-se mais evidente.   This article seeks to discuss gender relations in Higher Education, but specifically between students and teachers. For this, a survey was conducted with teachers from a private higher education institution located in the Greater Vitória Metropolitan Region-ES, to whom were given closed questionnaires.The objective was to discuss the perceptions of male and female teachers regarding professor-student relationships, from the point of view of the theoretical collaborations of Bourdieu and Beauvoir. It was seen that even though Higher Education, the field investigated by this research, is characterized as "less masculine,” the field collection found evidence that there are moments in which the inequality between genders becomes more evident.

  17. ¿Es suficiente el Impacto Económico de sustituir importaciones?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maisa Belén Jobani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda el tema del proceso de industrialización pro sustitución de importaciones que se está llevando a cabo en Argentina. Dicho proceso es resultado de cambios que se produjeron en la economía luego de la crisis de diciembre de 2001. Aquí se presentan las repercusiones tanto a nivel global como regional; sus implicancias en el índice de producción de los diferentes sectores industriales y los vínculos comerciales frente a grandes bloques económicos. Asimismo, en este análisis subyace el interrogante acerca de si el impacto económico de sustituir importaciones es suficiente para generar un crecimiento sostenido en la economía del país.

  18. EL HUMANITARISMO ES LA CONTINUACIÓN DEL CAPITALISMO CON OTROS MEDIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Petrone

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas ha nacido una nueva idea de solidaridad. Con el "triunfo" de la democracia liberal, se ha creído que Occidente es el"mejor de los mundos posibles”. Consecuentemente, ha tomado forma la convicción, casi como obligación moral, de ayudar a los menos afortunados que viven fuera del sistema "perfecto" occidental. Sin embargo, debido principalmente a la reciente crisis económica, las ONG, históricamente consideradas el vehículo para enviar ayudas humanitarias, han empezado a actuar como empresas destinando gran parte de los fondos al marketing, haciendo pactos con las propias multinacionales y recortando dinero para los más necesitados: ¿Es esto ético y consecuente con las intenciones filantrópicas que deberían ser las propias del humanitarismo?

  19. Cloning mice and ES cells by nuclear transfer from somatic stem cells and fully differentiated cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhongde

    2011-01-01

    Cloning animals by nuclear transfer (NT) has been successful in several mammalian species. In addition to cloning live animals (reproductive cloning), this technique has also been used in several species to establish cloned embryonic stem (ntES) cell lines from somatic cells. It is the latter application of this technique that has been heralded as being the potential means to produce isogenic embryonic stem cells from patients for cell therapy (therapeutic cloning). These two types of cloning differ only in the steps after cloned embryos are produced: for reproductive cloning the cloned embryos are transferred to surrogate mothers to allow them to develop to full term and for therapeutic cloning the cloned embryos are used to derive ntES cells. In this chapter, a detailed NT protocol in mouse by using somatic stem cells (neuron and skin stem cells) and fully differentiated somatic cells (cumulus cells and fibroblast cells) as nuclear donors is described.

  20. A culpa das mães como antecedente do consumo

    OpenAIRE

    Battistella-Lima, Suzana Valente

    2015-01-01

    A culpa, uma emoção de valência negativa, é objeto de interesse da literatura científica em comportamento do consumidor desde os anos 1990. Um grupo de pessoas especialmente susceptível ao sentimento de culpa são as mães, e o pressuposto desta dissertação é que esta emoção influencia suas decisões de consumo. O objetivo aqui é investigar se a culpa pode ser um antecedente do consumo, e para isso a pesquisa foi realizada por meio de métodos mistos sequenciais com mães de crianças entre 3 e 12 ...

  1. O Olhar de Mães acerca do Abuso Sexual Intrafamiliar Sofrido por suas Filhas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Azevêdo Lima

    Full Text Available Resumo Apresenta-se dados de uma pesquisa enfocando as concepções que as mães possuem acerca do abuso sexual sofrido por suas filhas. Utilizou-se de metodologia qualitativa, entrevista semiestruturada e, para análise dos dados, utilizou-se da Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. Os dados revelam que as mães expressam o entendimento sobre os abusos das filhas discorrendo sobre as características desses abusos, suas concepções de abuso e do lugar de mãe diante do fato. São mulheres que se baseiam em experiências pessoais para compreenderem a situação do abuso praticado contra a filha e protegerem-na.

  2. ¿Cuán rentable es la educación superior en Colombia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Hernández

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la rentabilidad de la educación superior en Colombia, particularmente, la hipótesis de screening, esto es, la importancia del capital humano adquirido. Se utilizó una nueva base de datos para la educación superior, la cual ha sido construida a partir de los registros administrativos de las instituciones de educación superior, y es cruzada con la base de aportantes de seguridad social. Se encuentra que el mercado laboral colombiano valora mucho la institución de la cual se gradúa el individuo, seguido por la elección de la carrera. Adicionalmente, la experiencia lograda posterior a la graduación tiene una mayor rentabilidad que la experiencia independiente de la clase de capital humano adquirido.

  3. La vulnerabilidad fiscal del gasto social: ¿Es Diferente América Latina?

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Lora

    2007-01-01

    Se utiliza un panel desbalanceado de medio centenar de países para el período 1985-2003 con el objeto de evaluar la vulnerabilidad del gasto público social (en educación y salud) frente a las variables fiscales corrientes y la deuda pública en América Latina en comparación con el resto del mundo en desarrollo. El gasto social es significativamente más bajo en América Latina (aunque absorbe una proporción mayor del gasto primario) y es más vulnerable frente a mayores pagos de intereses de la d...

  4. Osteopatia hipertrófica em sete cães

    OpenAIRE

    Trost,Maria E.; Kommers,Glaucia D.; Silva,Taiara M.; Irigoyen,Luiz F.; Fighera,Rafael A.; Barros,Claudio S.L.; Inkelmann,Maria A.

    2012-01-01

    Os achados clínico-patológicos de sete casos de osteopatia hipertrófica em cães foram estudados. Os cães afetados apresentavam sinais clínicos indicativos de envolvimento ósseo e lesões macroscópicas principalmente nos ossos longos dos membros. As lesões consistiram de neoformação óssea periosteal detectada em exame radiográfico, na inspeção óssea durante a necropsia e, com grande nível de detalhamento, em espécimes ósseos macerados. A proliferação óssea observada era parcialmente circunferen...

  5. APPLICATION OF RESTART COVARIANCE MATRIX ADAPTATION EVOLUTION STRATEGY (RCMA-ES TO GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING PROBLEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Karthikeyan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the application of an evolutionary algorithm, Restart Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy (RCMA-ES to the Generation Expansion Planning (GEP problem. RCMA-ES is a class of continuous Evolutionary Algorithm (EA derived from the concept of self-adaptation in evolution strategies, which adapts the covariance matrix of a multivariate normal search distribution. The original GEP problem is modified by incorporating Virtual Mapping Procedure (VMP. The GEP problem of a synthetic test systems for 6-year, 14-year and 24-year planning horizons having five types of candidate units is considered. Two different constraint-handling methods are incorporated and impact of each method has been compared. In addition, comparison and validation has also made with dynamic programming method.

  6. Células-tronco hematopoéticas em cães

    OpenAIRE

    Nakage,Ana Paula Massae; Santana,Aureo Evangelista

    2006-01-01

    As células-tronco hematopoéticas promovem a reconstituição hematopoética e de outros tecidos, estando presentes no embrião, sangue periférico, medula óssea e sangue do cordão umbilical. Os modelos experimentais de células-tronco em cães têm propiciado informações relevantes para transplantes de células-tronco em humanos. A capacidade de reconstituição hematopoética e da plasticidade das células-tronco de cães permite o emprego do modelo canino em várias propostas científicas e terapêuticas, q...

  7. Terapia a la pregunta filosófica: ¿qué es el arte?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adryan Fabrizio Pineda Repizzo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En la tradición del pensamiento occidental, la pregunta “¿Qué es el arte?” ha jugado un papel central, aunque enigmático, para el campo de la filosofía, donde se han avanzado tantas objeciones y respuestas tentativas, que hoy pareciera que han sido tantos esfuerzos sin rumbo ni asidero en el mundo real del arte. Este texto afronta la plausibilidad de asumir la pregunta “¿Qué es el arte?” como problema filosófico. Para responder a este cuestionamiento acudimos a Wittgenstein, con el fin de realizarle una terapia filosófica a la pregunta misma y así mostrar que los principales paradigmas filosóficos sobre este asunto no son sino la manifestación de una confusión del lenguaje en torno al término ‘arte’.  

  8. Les assemblées représentatives (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Durand

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Il y a bientôt vingt ans, en 1994, se tenait à Montpellier un colloque sur Les assemblées d’États dans la France méridionale à l’époque moderne, dont les actes furent publiés l’année suivante par Anne Blanchard, Henri Michel et Elie Pélaquier, avec une préface de Jean Bérenger. Le Centre d’Histoire Moderne de l’Université de Montpellier III d’alors s’engageait dans un champ de recherche en cours de renouvellement. En effet, quelques années auparavant, et longtemps après les travaux d’Armand R...

  9. Intervenção Precoce com Jovens Mães

    OpenAIRE

    Capela, Cláudia Sofia Rodrigues

    2016-01-01

    A Formação Parental poderá ser a chave para o sucesso de muitas famílias, principalmente para aquelas que se encontram menos preparadas para este novo papel, que é ser mãe ou pai, sobretudo quando ainda são jovens. Desta forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivos identificar quais as necessidades de formação de mães com filhos com idades compreendidas entre os 3 e 6 anos apoiadas pelo Centro da Mãe do Funchal; aplicar um programa de formação parental adequado às necessidades das mães; ava...

  10. REPENSANDO AS RELAÇÕES INTRAFAMILIARES SOB UM OLHAR FOUCAULTIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane Maria Netto de Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El actual estudio tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las relaciones entre la familia, bajo el punto vista de las ideas de Foucault. Al pensar en estas relaciones es importante tener en cuenta las potencialidades y las limitaciones de sus miembros, para proponer las intervenciones que puedan promover la salud familiar. Trae consideraciones sobre el vínculo afectivo conyugal, las relaciones de poder presentes en el contexto familiar y las relaciones entre la familia como posibilidad de “SER”. Se llega a la conclusión que una de las funciones de los profesionales de la salud es alentar a los sujetos a verbalizar sus dificultades, sus emociones, sus necesidades y descubrir sus potencialidades, con el fin de construir relaciones más armoniosas y tener una convivencia familiar más sana.

  11. A research about characteristics of longitudinal variations of ES layers irregularities based on CHAMP occultation measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Sunmin

    2018-04-01

    Based on the data of CHAMP occultation measurements, this paper makes a preliminary analysis of the longitudinal variations of ES irregular structure by using Fourier decomposition and reconstruction technique. It is found that the longitudinal variations of the ES irregular structure show the features of multiple wave-numbers, which is dominated by the wave number 1 to the wave number 5 components, and decrease from the amplitudes of the wave number 6 components. The features of wave number structures are very different in different DIP latitude and different seasons. The number of crests in summer and autumn is mostly 3 or 4 crest structures, while the number of crests in spring achieves 5 at DIP 15°N with small fluctuates, the crests number of winter is the least. In the multiple wave-numbers structure, the wave number 4 component shows a significant dependence on the season, mainly in the summer and autumn, particularly obvious from July to October.

  12. Les zones de rejet végétalisées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOUTIN, Catherine

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Les zones de rejet végétalisées sont des espaces aménagés entre la station d’épuration et le milieu récepteur, censés contribuer à la réduction de l’impact des rejets sur le milieu naturel. Leur fort développement observé en France depuis une dizaine d’années souligne l’importance de lever les diverses incertitudes concernant la pertinence des objectifs visés et les limites réglementaires, afin d’encadrer concrètement la mise en œuvre de ces nouveaux ouvrages.

  13. APLICAÇÕES DA MICROPROPAGAÇÃO NA CLONAGEM DE EUCALYPTUS NO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloisio Xavier

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente, en Brasil, dentro de las diversas técnicas de propagación in vitro, la micropropagación ha sido la que mayor interés científico y económico ha despertado en el campo forestal. De hecho, es la técnica más difundida por sus aplicaciones prácticas. Los primeros estudios fueron realizados en la década de los 50's. Entre 1970 y 1980 fueron establecidos algunos laboratorios de cultivo de tejidos. El presente trabajo es una revisión y una síntesis de la información de las aplicaciones de la micropropagación en la clonación de Eucalyptus en los programas de silvicultura clonal de Brasil.

  14. Democratizar la información es democratizar el poder y apostar al desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Susana Morales

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Como lo planteaban Nora y Minc en 1978, la revolución informática no es la única innovación técnica de estos últimos años, pero sí constituye el factor común que permite y acelera todas las demás. De allí la importancia asignada a estas tecnologías como causa de profundas modificaciones en las relaciones de producción y en la conformación sociocultural de nuestras sociedades. Porque, en un cierto aspecto, lo que la informática produce y distribuye es el conocimiento y la información, que son la base de la estructuración del poder en la sociedad actual.

  15. Valorar y seleccionar documentos. Qué es y cómo se hace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Amorós Vidal

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Las primeras instituciones españolas que contaron con comisiones evaluación o calificación de documentos fueron el Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza (1990 y la Generalitat de Catalunya (1991. Elena Rivas Palá, es archivera del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza y miembro Mesa de Trabajo de Archivos de la Administración Local; Lluis Cermeno Martorell es archivero de la Generalitat y, desde su constitución, secretario de la Comisión Nacional de Acceso, Valoración y Selección Documental catalana. Los dos autores han estado vinculados a distintos comités de la Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación (AENOR y me consta que Elena Rivas ha impartido numerosos cursos sobre el tema, casi desde que puso en marcha la Comisión de Valoración de su ayuntamiento.

  16. Pax6- and Six3-mediated induction of lens cell fate in mouse and human ES cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond M Anchan

    Full Text Available Embryonic stem (ES cells provide a potentially useful in vitro model for the study of in vivo tissue differentiation. We used mouse and human ES cells to investigate whether the lens regulatory genes Pax6 and Six3 could induce lens cell fate in vitro. To help assess the onset of lens differentiation, we derived a new mES cell line (Pax6-GFP mES that expresses a GFP reporter under the control of the Pax6 P0 promoter and lens ectoderm enhancer. Pax6 or Six3 expression vectors were introduced into mES or hES cells by transfection or lentiviral infection and the differentiating ES cells analyzed for lens marker expression. Transfection of mES cells with Pax6 or Six3 but not with other genes induced the expression of lens cell markers and up-regulated GFP reporter expression in Pax6-GFP mES cells by 3 days post-transfection. By 7 days post-transfection, mES cell cultures exhibited a>10-fold increase over controls in the number of colonies expressing γA-crystallin, a lens fiber cell differentiation marker. RT-PCR and immunostaining revealed induction of additional lens epithelial or fiber cell differentiation markers including Foxe3, Prox1, α- and β-crystallins, and Tdrd7. Moreover, γA-crystallin- or Prox1-expressing lentoid bodies formed by 30 days in culture. In hES cells, Pax6 or Six3 lentiviral vectors also induced lens marker expression. mES cells that express lens markers reside close to but are distinct from the Pax6 or Six3 transduced cells, suggesting that the latter induce nearby undifferentiated ES cells to adopt a lens fate by non-cell autonomous mechanisms. In sum, we describe a novel mES cell GFP reporter line that is useful for monitoring induction of lens fate, and demonstrate that Pax6 or Six3 is sufficient to induce ES cells to adopt a lens fate, potentially via non-cell autonomous mechanisms. These findings should facilitate investigations of lens development.

  17. Evaluation of ES-derived neural progenitors as a potential source for cell replacement therapy in the gut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasselli Valentina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stem cell-based therapy has recently been explored for the treatment of disorders of the enteric nervous system (ENS. Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES cells represent an attractive cell source; however, little or no information is currently available on how ES cells will respond to the gut environment. In this study, we investigated the ability of ES cells to respond to environmental cues derived from the ENS and related tissues, both in vitro and in vivo. Methods Neurospheres were generated from mouse ES cells (ES-NS and co-cultured with organotypic preparations of gut tissue consisting of the longitudinal muscle layers with the adherent myenteric plexus (LM-MP. Results LM-MP co-culture led to a significant increase in the expression of pan-neuronal markers (βIII-tubulin, PGP 9.5 as well as more specialized markers (peripherin, nNOS in ES-NS, both at the transcriptional and protein level. The increased expression was not associated with increased proliferation, thus confirming a true neurogenic effect. LM-MP preparations exerted also a myogenic effect on ES-NS, although to a lesser extent. After transplantation in vivo into the mouse pylorus, grafted ES-NS failed to acquire a distinct phenotype al least 1 week following transplantation. Conclusions This is the first study reporting that the gut explants can induce neuronal differentiation of ES cells in vitro and induce the expression of nNOS, a key molecule in gastrointestinal motility regulation. The inability of ES-NS to adopt a neuronal phenotype after transplantation in the gastrointestinal tract is suggestive of the presence of local inhibitory influences that prevent ES-NS differentiation in vivo.

  18. Sur les lherzolites et ophites des Pyrénées

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, H.J.

    1953-01-01

    Depuis longtemps on trouve dans la littérature sur la géologie des Pyrénées des discussions sur les lherzolites et les ophites, concernant leur origine, leur âge et leur mode de formation. En général ces discussions ont rendu difficile l'éclaircissement de ce problème et un résumé de toute la

  19. Des innovations liées à l'eau en agriculture dans les tropiques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    À l'aide de techniques de modélisation intégrées, les chercheurs étudieront l'effet de l'ajout de biocharbon sur le rendement des cultures, la conservation de l'eau ... Allemagne), de FORMAS (Conseil de recherches suédois), de l'Innovation Fund Denmark et du MOST (ministère des Sciences et de la Technologie, Taiwan).

  20. Plantes alimentaires spontanées de la région du Fromager (Centre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sci-Nat

    plantes spontanées alimentaires du department d'Oumé (Côte d'Ivoire). Mémoire de D.E.A d'Ecologie tropicale (Option : Végétale). Université de Cocody Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 122 pp. Lebrun J. P., Stork A. L., (1991, 1992, 1995, 1997). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d'Afrique tropicale. Genève Conservatoire et Jardin.

  1. Diversité et dynamique des Salmonella isolées de la laitue (Lactuca ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 nov. 2017 ... Objectif : Au Niger, l'agriculture maraîchère réalisée dans les zones urbaines et péri-urbaines utilise les eaux usées souvent très ... La production des laitues a pour principale source d'arrosage, les eaux des caniveaux. (41,67%). ...... avec des antiseptiques et ou des désinfectants comme l'eau de javel ...

  2. CDC Signos Vitales: Piense en la septicemia. El tiempo es crucial. (Think Sepsis. Time Matters.)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-08-23

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de agosto del 2016 del informe Signos Vitales de los CDC. La septicemia es una emergencia médica y puede ocurrir rápidamente. Conozca los signos de la septicemia y la forma de prevenirla.  Created: 8/23/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 8/23/2016.

  3. Avanços na abordagem do carcinoma precoce de esôfago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Arantes

    Full Text Available Nos países ocidentais, o carcinoma de células escamosas de esôfago (CCE geralmente é detectado em estágio avançado, quando as possibilidades de cura são remotas e o prognóstico reservado. Entretanto, nos anos recentes, ocorreu uma série de avanços na abordagem do CCE de esôfago, tais como a identificação dos grupos de risco para o surgimento desta neoplasia; o uso da endoscopia de alta resolução e cromoendoscopia com lugol favorecendo o diagnóstico do CCE em estágios iniciais; e o desenvolvimento de técnicas endoscópicas de ressecção tumoral endoluminal em monobloco denominada dissecção endoscópica de submucosa. Este progresso tem possibilitado a aplicação do tratamento endoscópico minimamente invasivo com potencial curativo em pacientes selecionados com CCE superficial de esôfago. O presente artigo de revisão, elaborado por um grupo multicêntrico internacional, tem como objetivo primário contribuir para o entendimento dos principais avanços recentes ocorridos no manejo do CCE precoce de esôfago. Como objetivo secundário, pretende propiciar uma revisão detalhada e minuciosa da estratégia técnica de DES desenvolvida pelos experts japoneses, de forma a colaborar para a difusão deste conceito e a incorporação destas tecnologias na Medicina Brasileira e Latino-americana.

  4. Furan formation during storage and reheating of sterilised vegetable purées.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmers, Stijn; Grauwet, Tara; Buvé, Carolien; Van de Vondel, Lore; Kebede, Biniam T; Hendrickx, Marc E; Van Loey, Ann

    2015-01-01

    To this day, research for furan mitigation has mostly targeted the levels of food production and handling of prepared foods by the consumer. However, part of the furan concentrations found in commercially available food products might originate from chemical deterioration reactions during storage. A range of individual vegetable purées was stored at two different temperatures to investigate the effects of storage on the furan concentrations of shelf-stable, vegetable-based foods. After 5 months of storage at 35°C (temperature-abuse conditions), a general increase in furan concentrations was observed. The furan formation during storage could be reduced by storing the vegetable purées at a refrigerated temperature of 4°C, at which the furan concentrations remained approximately constant for at least 5 months. Following storage, the vegetable purées were briefly reheated to 90°C to simulate the effect of the final preparation step before consumption. Contrary to storage, furan concentrations decreased as a result of evaporative losses. Both refrigerated storage and the reheating step prior to consumption showed the potential of mitigation measures for furan formation in vegetable-based foods (e.g. canned vegetables, ready-to-eat soups, sauces or baby foods). Next to furan, the vegetable purées were analysed for 2- and 3-methylfuran. Tomato was very susceptible to the formation of both alkylated derivatives of furan, as opposed to the other vegetables in this study. Methylfuran concentrations rapidly decreased during storage, which was contrary to the results observed for furan.

  5. Electron spectroscopy for surface analysis - the ES300 electron spectrometer and its applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walker, J.A.J.; Price, W.B.

    1980-07-01

    The features of the ES300 electron spectrometer are described together with factors which affect the energy spectrum, experimental variables and interpretation of the spectral information. A discussion of five applications illustrates the use of X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS) in the diverse work of the Risley Nuclear Power Development Laboratories (RNL). The analytical results are given for each of the examples and their interpretation discussed in the chemical context of the original problem. (author)

  6. Generation of single-copy transgenic mouse embryos directly from ES cells by tetraploid embryo complementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Roong

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Transgenic mice have been used extensively to analyze gene function. Unfortunately, traditional transgenic procedures have only limited use in analyzing alleles that cause lethality because lines of founder mice cannot be established. This is frustrating given that such alleles often reveal crucial aspects of gene function. For this reason techniques that facilitate the generation of embryos expressing such alleles would be of enormous benefit. Although the transient generation of transgenic embryos has allowed limited analysis of lethal alleles, it is expensive, time consuming and technically challenging. Moreover a fundamental limitation with this approach is that each embryo generated is unique and transgene expression is highly variable due to the integration of different transgene copy numbers at random genomic sites. Results Here we describe an alternative method that allows the generation of clonal mouse embryos harboring a single-copy transgene at a defined genomic location. This was facilitated through the production of Hprt negative embryonic stem cells that allow the derivation of embryos by tetraploid embryo complementation. We show that targeting transgenes to the hprt locus in these ES cells by homologous recombination can be efficiently selected by growth in HAT medium. Moreover, embryos derived solely from targeted ES cells containing a single copy LacZ transgene under the control of the α-myosin heavy chain promoter exhibited the expected cardiac specific expression pattern. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that tetraploid embryo complementation by F3 hprt negative ES cells facilitates the generation of transgenic mouse embryos containing a single copy gene at a defined genomic locus. This approach is simple, extremely efficient and bypasses any requirement to generate chimeric mice. Moreover embryos generated by this procedure are clonal in that they are all derived from a single ES cell lines. This

  7. (Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill) cultivées au Bénin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mars 2015 ... morphotypes ont été identifiés et dénombrés à l'intérieur de 5 placeaux de 4 m2 dans chaque plantation. Les variétés d'ananas recensées sont au nombre de 5, à savoir : Cayenne lisse, Pain de sucre, Queen, Red. Spanish et Perolera. Elles renferment 16 morphotypes dont 4 pour la Cayenne lisse, ...

  8. Initiative Villes ciblées : gestion des déchets urbains à Cochabamba ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La ville de Cochabamba produit chaque jour 400 tonnes de déchets solides qui sont transportées au dépotoir de K'ara K'ara, situé à 10 km de la ville. Les services de gestion des déchets solides de Cochabamba sont inefficaces; les conditions d'exploitation du dépotoir entraînent une contamination de l'eau souterraine, ...

  9. Detection of Planetary Emission from the Exoplanet TrES-2 Using Spitzer/IRAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Francis T.; Charbonneau, David; Harrington, Joseph; Madhusudhan, N.; Seager, Sara; Deming, Drake; Knutson, Heather A.

    2010-01-01

    We present here the results of our observations of TrES-2 using the Infrared Array Camera on Spitzer. We monitored this transiting system during two secondary eclipses, when the planetary emission is blocked by the star. The resulting decrease in flux is 0.127% +/- 0.021%, 0.230% +/- 0.024%, 0.199% +/- 0.054%, and 0.359% +/- 0.060% at 3.6 microns, 4.5 microns, 5.8 microns, and 8.0 microns, respectively. We show that three of these flux contrasts are well fit by a blackbody spectrum with T(sub eff) = 1500 K, as well as by a more detailed model spectrum of a planetary atmosphere. The observed planet-to-star flux ratios in all four lRAC channels can be explained by models with and without a thermal inversion in the atmosphere of TrES-2, although with different atmospheric chemistry. Based on the assumption of thermochemical equilibrium, the chemical composition of the inversion model seems more plausible, making it a more favorable scenario. TrES-2 also falls in the category of highly irradiated planets which have been theoretically predicted to exhibit thermal inversions. However, more observations at infrared and visible wavelengths would be needed to confirm a thermal inversion in this system. Furthermore, we find that the times of the secondary eclipses are consistent with previously published times of transit and the expectation from a circular orbit. This implies that TrES-2 most likely has a circular orbit, and thus does not obtain additional thermal energy from tidal dissipation of a non-zero orbital eccentricity, a proposed explanation for the large radius of this planet. Key words: eclipses - infrared: stars - planetary systems - stars: individual (OSC 03549-02811) - techniques: photometric

  10. Voix des villes ciblées | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 déc. 2010 ... Lorsque les artisans de réformes mises en oeuvre dans huit villes se sont réunis pour discuter de stratégie, leur quête de solutions les a amenés à examiner le rôle de la recherche, les pratiques des citoyens ordinaires et l'importance de susciter l'intérêt d'administrations municipales mieux informées.

  11. A simple improvement of the conventional cryopreservation for human ES and iPS cells

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Midori Ozawa, Yutaka Ozawa, Masashi Iemura, Arihiro Kohara, Kana Yanagihara & Miho K Furue ### Abstract In this study, a simple method for the cryopreservation of human embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells is proposed. It is based on the conventional slow-freezing method with 10% DMSO and modified mainly in a thawing protocol without specific equipment or reagents. Recovery rate of the cells cryopreserved by this method was equally high, which is compa...

  12. Neural induction from ES cells portrays default commitment but instructive maturation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nibedita Lenka

    Full Text Available The neural induction has remained a debatable issue pertaining to whether it is a mere default process or it involves precise instructive cues. We have chosen the embryonic stem (ES cell model to address this issue. In a devised monoculture strategy, the cell-cell interaction availed through optimum cell plating density could define the niche for the attainment of efficient in vitro neurogenesis from the ES cells. The medium plating density was found ideal in generating optimum number of progenitors and also yielded about 80% mature neurons in a serum free culture set up barring any exogenous inducers. We could also demarcate and quantify the neural stem cells/progenitors among the heterogeneous cell population of differentiating ES cells using nestin intron II driven EGFP expression as a tool. The one week post-plating was determined to be the critical time window for optimum neural progenitor generation from ES cells that helped us further in purifying these cells and in demonstrating their proliferation and multipotent differentiation potential. Seeding cells at varying densities, we could decipher an interesting paradoxical scenario that interlinked both commitment and maturation with the initial plating density having a vital influence on neuronal maturation but not specification and the secretory factors were apparently playing a key role during this process. Thus it was comprehended that, the neural specification was a default process independent of exogenous factors and cellular interaction. Conversely, a defined number of cells at the specification stage itself seemed critical to provide an auto-/paracrine means of signaling threshold for the maturation process to materialize.

  13. Formes hémorragiques de Dengue observées dans le service des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La dengue est une arbovirose ré émergente dans les pays tropicaux. Sa forme hémorragique peut s'accompagner d'une défaillance circulatoire pouvant conduire à un choc hypovolémique, souvent fatal. Nous rapportons une série de trois cas de formes hémorragiques de dengue observées dans le service des maladies ...

  14. Voix des villes ciblées | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 déc. 2010 ... Lorsque les artisans de réformes mises en oeuvre dans huit villes se sont réunis pour discuter de stratégie, leur quête de solutions les a amenés à examiner le rôle de la recherche, les pratiques des citoyens ordinaires et l'importance de susciter l'intérêt d'administrations municipales mieux informées.

  15. Esofagectomia transiatal para o tratamento do adenocarcinoma do esôfago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dino Antonio Oswaldo Altmann

    Full Text Available A esofagite de refluxo associada ao epitélio de colunar do esôfago predispõe ao adenocarcinoma, cuja incidência vem aumentando nos últimos anos. Entre 1976 e 1993, os autores trataram 11 pacientes com adenocarcinoma primário do esôfago. Em dois casos, a neoplasia desenvolveu-se em epitélio colunar ectópico no esôfago cervical e torácico. Nos demais casos, ocorreu no terço distal do esôfago em epitélio colunar de Barrett, em pacientes com sintomas clínicos de esofagite de refluxo, dos quais sete eram portadores de hérnia de hiato e refluxo gastroesofágico previamente documentados. Nove pacientes foram submetidos a esofagectomia transiatal com esofagogastroplastia, um foi submetido a esofagectomia distal com interposição de jejuno e o último a esofagogastroplastia retroestemal sem esofagectomia. A exceção de três pacientes, os demais tiveram operações consideradas curativas. Cinco doentes encontravam-se em estádios mais iniciais, ainda sem comprometimento linfonodal. Não houve mortalidade operatória, sendo que as principais complicações foram a fístula da anastomose esofagogástrica e a abertura da cavidade pleural, ambas ocorrendo em dois pacientes. A sobrevida média dos pacientes foi de 40,5 meses. Três pacientes permanecem vivos e sem evidência de doença (estádio 0, I e IIA com 64, 94 e 117 meses de seguimento. Concluiu-se que a esofagectomia neste tipo de tumor é um procedimento seguro e que a sobrevida a longo prazo é possível quando os tumores em estadio inicial são tratados adequadamente.

  16. Dix conseils en matière de visualisation de données

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    connotation culturelle ou sociale. Taille et position : attirent l'attention sur certaines données et montrent une hiérarchie. Nous avons tendance à regarder en premier le haut des gra- phiques et les objets plus gros. Chaque culture a des conventions de lecture qui déterminent la manière dont les gens lisent un graphique ou ...

  17. Déterritorialisation et communautés imaginées : analyse anthropo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    géographie culturelle. Pour construire son analyse, Appadurai s'est créé des outils originaux constituant cinq dimensions7 qui agissent, selon lui, dans la construction des communautés imaginées. Il étudie l'influence conjuguée des médias et des déplacements des populations sur le travail de l'imaginaire. Ce travail ...

  18. Paneles Solares ¿Cómo funcionan? ¿Cuál es su verdadero precio?

    OpenAIRE

    Carreón Juárez, Héctor J.; Saravia Garza, Andrés E.; Escamilla Guerra, Fermín; Gómez de la Garza, Pablo

    2017-01-01

    Es un infograma en el cual queremos invitar a las mentes jóvenes a que utilizen el recurso de los paneles solares, haciéndoles saber de manera breve cómo funcionan y cómo se comporta la CFE con respecto a eso y cuánto dinero tendrían que invertir las familias en México.

  19. Stratégies fondées sur les citoyens - collaboration avec les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans le cadre de ce projet, on cherchera à comprendre le climat d'insécurité au sein des collectivités touchées par la violence à Medellín, en Colombie, du point de vue de ceux qui le vivent (les populations vulnérables). Travaillant de concert avec des membres de la collectivité, les chercheurs relèveront les principaux ...

  20. Évaluation de la contamination parasitologique des eaux usées ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 sept. 2013 ... l'équilibre écologique du milieu naturel, surtout par la pollution des eaux de surface et des nappes phréatiques et un risque sanitaire par contamination microbiologique ou parasitaire (Diop, 1994 ;. Khallaayoune, 2005 ; Sawadogo et al., 2005). Pour atténuer ces impacts négatifs des eaux usées brutes sur ...

  1. L'irrigation Avec Des Eaux Usées Et La Santé

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les méthodes et les stratégies pour le contrôle et l'atténuation des risques ..... Irrigation, drainage et gestion de la salinité de la zone racinaire ...... Le traitement des eaux usées comme mesure d'atténuation des risques a donc été ...... objectif de performance sécuritaire pour une irrigation non restreinte (voir le chapitre 2).

  2. Culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes au Nigeria

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    se demandent quelle est la meilleure façon de donner suite aux constatations obtenues en partie grâce à leur participation. Culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes au Nigeria. Il faut de la volonté politique pour proposer et exécuter des projets en vue de renforcer les systèmes de santé… et du courage.

  3. Grande Sertão: Veredas by João Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available "What is a translation that stalls comprehension?" asks Nancy Fumero in her introduction to Felipe W. Martinez' English-language renditions of João Guimarães Rosa's Portuguese poetics. In these translations (presented alongside the Portuguese originals Fumero argues that we encounter "a new form of translation that risks everything in order to encounter the same treacherous knowing Rosa had traversed."

  4. La base de données sur les femmes entrepreneures soutenue par ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 août 2017 ... Les femmes entrepreneures sont confrontées à des obstacles à chaque étape de l'établissement de leurs opérations, que ce soit lors de l'obtention des matières premières, de la gestion de la logistique, de la recherche d'acheteurs et, éventuellement, de la vente de leurs produits. Ce sont surtout ces deux ...

  5. Des moustiquaires imprégnées d'insecticide pour lutter contre le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 août 2012 ... Le fait que les décès attribuables au paludisme ont chuté de 25 de 2000 à 2010, ... et recommandations ayant émané des travaux, a attiré l'attention de la ... réforme du système de santé : les moustiquaires traitées(5 minutes) ...

  6. Simplicial complexes of graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Jonsson, Jakob

    2008-01-01

    A graph complex is a finite family of graphs closed under deletion of edges. Graph complexes show up naturally in many different areas of mathematics, including commutative algebra, geometry, and knot theory. Identifying each graph with its edge set, one may view a graph complex as a simplicial complex and hence interpret it as a geometric object. This volume examines topological properties of graph complexes, focusing on homotopy type and homology. Many of the proofs are based on Robin Forman's discrete version of Morse theory. As a byproduct, this volume also provides a loosely defined toolbox for attacking problems in topological combinatorics via discrete Morse theory. In terms of simplicity and power, arguably the most efficient tool is Forman's divide and conquer approach via decision trees; it is successfully applied to a large number of graph and digraph complexes.

  7. On Complex Random Variables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwer Khurshid

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE In this paper, it is shown that a complex multivariate random variable  is a complex multivariate normal random variable of dimensionality if and only if all nondegenerate complex linear combinations of  have a complex univariate normal distribution. The characteristic function of  has been derived, and simpler forms of some theorems have been given using this characterization theorem without assuming that the variance-covariance matrix of the vector  is Hermitian positive definite. Marginal distributions of  have been given. In addition, a complex multivariate t-distribution has been defined and the density derived. A characterization of the complex multivariate t-distribution is given. A few possible uses of this distribution have been suggested.

  8. Polineuropatia associada a hipotireoidismo em cães: Relato de seis casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Patricia Suraniti

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Seis Dobermans Pinscher, entre seis e oito anos de idade, foram encaminhados ao Hospital Veterinário da Faculdade de Ciências Veterinárias da Universidade de Buenos Aires. O exame neurológico revelou tetraparesia com incapacidade para andar, diminuição do tono muscular e de reflexos miotáticos em todos os cães. Os níveis de colesterol, creatina quinase e fosfatase alcalina encontravam-se de moderada a acentuadamente elevados. As velocidades de condução nervosa do nervo tibial estavam diminuídas em todos os cães. Os níveis séricos basais de T4 livre e TSH foram determinados por radioimunoensaio e, embora os valores de T4 livre estivessem dentro dos limites de normalidade, em todos os cães o TSH estava elevado. Baseado nestes resultados, diagnosticou-se hipotireoidismo e iniciou-se uma suplementação oral com levotiroxina (T4. Duas semanas após o início do tratamento todos os pacientes tiveram melhora clínica e, dentro de um mês a locomoção, o tono muscular e os reflexos medulares tornaram-se normais.

  9. Proposta de cuidar com enfoque educativo às mães em aleitamento materno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palmira Soares do Rozário

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Trabalho realizado em uma instituição hospitalar de Curitiba, o qual objetivou a implementação de uma proposta de cuidar com enfoque educativo às mães em aleitamento materno com o efetivo envolvimento da equipe de enfermagem da unidade de alojamento conjunto. Para alcançar essa meta, utilizei como referencial teórico as idéias de Watson (1979. A metodologia embasou-se na operacionalização de todas as fases que compõem o processo de enfermagem. A construção dos conceitos, implementação da sistematização do cuidado e avaliação do caminhar, possibilitaram delinear o marco conceitual. Através do desenvolvimento destas etapas, efetivaram-se os encontros com as mães e a equipe de enfermagem, os quais serviram também para a coleta de dados. Os dados foram analisados de forma qualitativa. O estudo foi realizado com 15 mães. Foi possível desvelar suas dificuldades, desejos, ansiedades, frustrações, emoções, expectativas, medos, dúvidas, conclusões antecipadas, insegurança, desânimo, satisfação, indiferença, durante o desenvolvimento do trabalho.

  10. Wavelength dependence of the linear growth rate of the Es layer instability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. B. Cosgrove

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available It has recently been shown, by computation of the linear growth rate, that midlatitude sporadic-E (Es layers are subject to a large scale electrodynamic instability. This instability is a logical candidate to explain certain frontal structuring events, and polarization electric fields, which have been observed in Es layers by ionosondes, by coherent scatter radars, and by rockets. However, the original growth rate derivation assumed an infinitely thin Es layer, and therefore did not address the short wavelength cutoff. Also, the same derivation ignored the effects of F region loading, which is a significant wavelength dependent effect. Herein is given a generalized derivation that remedies both these short comings, and thereby allows a computation of the wavelength dependence of the linear growth rate, as well as computations of various threshold conditions. The wavelength dependence of the linear growth rate is compared with observed periodicities, and the role of the zeroth order meridional wind is explored. A three-dimensional paper model is used to explain the instability geometry, which has been defined formally in previous works.

  11. Biodegradation of phenanthrene by the green alga scenedesmus obliquus ES-55

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Safonova, E.; Kvitko, K. [Biological Institute of St. Petersburg State University, Oranienbaum Chaussee 2, Old Peterhof, 198504 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Kuschk, P.; Moeder, M. [UFZ-Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle GmbH, Permoserstrasse 15, Leipzig (Germany); Reisser, W. [Universitaet Leipzig, Botanisches Institut, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany)

    2005-06-01

    While the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by bacteria and fungi has been broadly investigated, less is known about the metabolism of these compounds by algae. The goal of the experiments was to test the degradability of phenanthrene by the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus ES-55 (Chlorophyceae) and to identify the metabolites. It was shown that S. obliquus ES-55 metabolized phenanthrene. Under light conditions, phenanthrene (14 mg/L) inhibits cell division by more than twice. However, the metabolic processes in the cells affected by phenanthrene continued because the content of chlorophyll increased. In the exponential phase under phototrophic conditions the alga degraded phenanthrene. Phenanthrene was removed by algae up to 42 % in BBM medium and up to 24 % in Kuhl medium. Dihydroxy-dihydro-phenanthrene, a degradation metabolite in fungi, bacteria and cyanobacteria, could also be detected as a transformation product of S. obliquus ES-55. Further detected common metabolites foster the assumption that both phototrophic and non-photothrophic organisms metabolize phenanthrene via a similar pathway. The present study is the first evidence of the ability of an axenic culture of the green alga S. obliquus to biotransform phenanthrene into other metabolites. (Abstract Copyright [2005], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  12. Análisis de sitios web sobre regalos de empresa posicionados en Google.es

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casanova Bono, Daniel Marcos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Los regalos de empresa constituyen uno de los sectores comerciales que recurren a la venta online. El posicionamiento de los sitios web de estas empresas es fundamental para aumentar su visibilidad, pero no conlleva una calidad pareja en el resto de aspectos sobre su diseño y gestión. A partir de una búsqueda en Google.es realizada en febrero de 2011, se han elegido 20 sitios web según su orden de relevancia. Los criterios de análisis elegidos están basados en técnicas de arquitectura de la información, usabilidad y marketing online. Los resultados del análisis se agrupan en un modelo simplificado de una matriz DAFO. El estudio del análisis muestra un retraso generalizado respecto a las posibilidades actuales de un sitio web de carácter comercial. Existe un margen de mejora que puede ser aprovechado como oportunidad por las empresas del sector. Para ello es recomendable la asistencia de profesionales con competencias en las disciplinas mencionadas.

  13. La controversial Ritalina: ¿Cómo es su consumo en Costa Rica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Santamaría Ulloa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El déficit atencional y déficit atencional con hiperactividad son trastornos que se diagnostican cada vez con mayor frecuencia en la población infantil en edad escolar. Este fenómeno ha generado un aumento en el consumo de Ritalina. Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia de estos trastornos en Costa Rica, y la magnitud del consumo de Ritalina, se utilizó información proporcionada por el Ministerio de Salud sobre la venta del medicamento durante un período de 30 meses entre el 2000 y el 2003. Se encontró que a pesar de que la prevalencia es baja en términos globales, su distribución geográfica es muy heterogénea. En la Región Central Norte el consumo es 11 veces mayor que en la Brunca. Se recomienda impulsar la homogenización de criterios para el diagnóstico de estos trastornos, con el fin de mejorar la atención y tratamiento de los niños que así lo requieran.

  14. Una respuesta a la pregunta ¿que es la guerra?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Reinel Sánchez

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Observando la recurrencia de la guerra en nuestra época y, de paso, confirmando los acontecimientos humanos en lo que respecta a la guerra a lo largo de la historia conocida, es necesario seguir insistiendo en algunas preguntas que permitan pensarla de tal manera que podamos dilucidar la dimensión que ésta tiene en la vida humana. ¿Hay una naturaleza humana guerrera? ¿son evitables las guerras? ¿son un factor de progreso de la humanidad? ¿se puede ejercer la guerra de manera controlada? ¿es ésta susceptible de ser ejercida bajo la dirección de normas morales? ¿puede haber una guerra no cruel? Estas cuestiones y otras más pueden pensarse sin perjuicio de que la guerra deje de ser comprendida como lo que realmente es: una calamidad, al menos por lo que concierne a las consecuencias más inmediatas de sus acciones.

  15. La variable sexe en les llengües del món

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Carme Junyent

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El sexe és una de les variables més freqüents en els diferents recursos lingüístics per a identificar els interlocutors en les llengües del món. El fet que s’hagi confós el gènere gramatical (procediment de classificació dels substantius amb el sexe, i la consegüent inclusió dels elements identificadors en la categoria «gènere», ha provocat una certa confusió sobre la naturalesa d’aquests fenòmens. En l’article es proposa una classificació en quatre tipus dels mecanismes per a la identificació dels interlocutors en la llengua, per bé que tots poden ser entesos com a part d’un continu que va des dels elements gramaticals obligatoris fins als lectes específics per a homes i dones. Entremig, s’analitzen els recursos semàntics i els díctics. A banda dels aspectes estrictament lingüístics, es recorden alguns treballs històrics que permeten situar els diferents enfocaments dins de la història de la lingüística.

  16. Conception d'un injecteur de données hardware

    CERN Document Server

    Delord, V; Mesnard, E

    2009-01-01

    L'expérience LHCb, menée dans le cadre du CERN, recueille un nombre extraordinaire de données. Le système d'acquisition de ces données est donc démesuré, entièrement dédié à cette tâche. Pour réaliser des tests sur ce système d'acquisition, hors expérience, il existe un injecteur de données qui permet de simuler le flot habituel. Dans l'optique d'une future optimisation du réseau de ce système en Ethernet 10 gigabit, le LHCb souhaite se doter d'un injecteur hardware permettant de fonctionner sur ce nouveau réseau et d'y tester différents types de protocoles de communication tels qu'IP, MEP et TCP. Cet injecteur est réalisé au moyen d'une carte de développement Altera munie d'un FPGA et de différentes interfaces de communications.

  17. Estudo retrospectivo de 761 tumores cutâneos em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza Tatiana Mello de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Os arquivos de biópsias de cães realizadas no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria entre 1964 e 2003 foram revisados à procura de tumores cutâneos. Dos 703 registros encontrados, em 570 (81,0% estava descrito que o cão apresentava apenas um tumor na pele e, em 133 (19,0%, que o cão apresentava mais de um tumor. Seiscentos e cinqüenta e quatro (93,1% cães apresentavam apenas um tipo histológico de tumor e 41 (5,8% apresentavam dois tumores histologicamente distintos. Em sete (1,0% cães, havia três tumores diferentes e em um (0,1% cão foram diagnosticados quatro tumores não relacionados, finalizando um total de 761 tumores. Dos 761 tumores cutâneos encontrados, 673 (88,4% eram neoplásicos e 88 (11,6% eram não-neoplásicos. Os 15 tumores mais prevalentes em ordem decrescente de freqüência foram: mastocitoma, carcinoma de células escamosas, adenoma perianal, lipoma, tricoblastoma, carcinoma perianal, papiloma, cistos foliculares, hemangioma, hemangiossarcoma, melanoma, adenoma sebáceo, histiocitoma, hiperplasia sebácea nodular e fibroma.

  18. Forecasting VaR and ES of stock index portfolio: A Vine copula method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bangzheng; Wei, Yu; Yu, Jiang; Lai, Xiaodong; Peng, Zhenfeng

    2014-12-01

    Risk measurement has both theoretical and practical significance in risk management. Using daily sample of 10 international stock indices, firstly this paper models the internal structures among different stock markets with C-Vine, D-Vine and R-Vine copula models. Secondly, the Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Expected Shortfall (ES) of the international stock markets portfolio are forecasted using Monte Carlo method based on the estimated dependence of different Vine copulas. Finally, the accuracy of VaR and ES measurements obtained from different statistical models are evaluated by UC, IND, CC and Posterior analysis. The empirical results show that the VaR forecasts at the quantile levels of 0.9, 0.95, 0.975 and 0.99 with three kinds of Vine copula models are sufficiently accurate. Several traditional methods, such as historical simulation, mean-variance and DCC-GARCH models, fail to pass the CC backtesting. The Vine copula methods can accurately forecast the ES of the portfolio on the base of VaR measurement, and D-Vine copula model is superior to other Vine copulas.

  19. El método es una digresión. Una lectura benjaminiana de Goethe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Filomena MOLDER

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El propio Benjamin nos dice que leer el trabajo de Simmel sobre el concepto de verdad en Goethe le ayudó a comprender que el concepto de origen propuesto en su libro sobre el Trauerspiel era una transposición del concepto goethiano de fenómeno original. Para discutir cómo los hechos económicos pueden convertirse en fenómenos originales, Benjamin se sirve de una analogía con el concepto de Goethe de la metamorfosis de las plantas. Por eso, aquí, intentaremos demostrar que comprender lo que es la filosofía en Benjamin implica una experiencia de umbral –en forma de salto, discontinuidad, interrupción, renuncia, disipación, obediencia y metamorfosis– cuya formulación suprema, concisa y enigmática es la siguiente: “El método es un desvio” [Methode is Umweg]. Algunos elementos del pensamiento morfológico de Goethe permitirán establecer una constelación de afinidades, algo bastante útil para la interpretación de este enigma.

  20. Cobalt(III) complex

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    e, 40 µM complex, 10 hrs after dissolution, f, 40 µM complex, after irradiation dose 15 Gy. and H-atoms result in reduction of Co(III) to Co. (II). 6. It is interesting to see in complex containing multiple ligands what is the fate of electron adduct species formed by electron addition. Reduction to. Co(II) and intramolecular transfer ...

  1. Complex Systems and Dependability

    CERN Document Server

    Zamojski, Wojciech; Sugier, Jaroslaw

    2012-01-01

    Typical contemporary complex system is a multifaceted amalgamation of technical, information, organization, software and human (users, administrators and management) resources. Complexity of such a system comes not only from its involved technical and organizational structure but mainly from complexity of information processes that must be implemented in the operational environment (data processing, monitoring, management, etc.). In such case traditional methods of reliability analysis focused mainly on technical level are usually insufficient in performance evaluation and more innovative meth

  2. Lanthanide complexes with pivaloylacetone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eliseeva, S.V.; Chugarov, N.V.; Kuz'mina, N.P.; Martynenko, L.I.; Nichiporuk, R.V.; Ivanov, S.A.

    2003-01-01

    Complexes Ln(pa) 3 ·2H 2 O (Ln=La, Gd, Lu, Hpa - pivaloylacetone) are synthesized and investigated by the methods of element, IR spectroscopic and thermal analyses. Behaviour of the complexes during heating in vacuum is compared with such one for acetylacetonates and dipivaloylmethanates. Structure of the complexes in solution is studied by 1 H NMR and MALDI-MS [ru

  3. Phospholyl-uranium complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gradoz, Philippe

    1993-01-01

    After having reported a bibliographical study on penta-methylcyclopentadienyl uranium complexes, and a description of the synthesis and radioactivity of uranium (III) and (IV) boron hydrides compounds, this research thesis reports the study of mono and bis-tetramethyl-phospholyl uranium complexes comprising chloride, boron hydride, alkyl and alkoxide ligands. The third part reports the comparison of structures, stabilities and reactions of homologue complexes in penta-methylcyclopentadienyl and tetramethyl-phospholyl series. The last part addresses the synthesis of tris-phospholyl uranium (III) and (IV) complexes. [fr

  4. Nuclear weapons complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rezendes, V.S.

    1991-03-01

    In this book, GAO characterizes DOE's January 1991 Nuclear Weapons Complex Reconfiguration Study as a starting point for reaching agreement on solutions to many of the complex's safety and environmental problems. Key decisions still need to be made about the size of the complex, where to relocate plutonium operations, what technologies to use for new tritium production, and what to do with excess plutonium. The total cost for reconfiguring and modernizing the complex is still uncertain, and some management issues remain unresolved. Congress faces a difficult task in making test decisions given the conflicting demands for scarce resources in a time of growing budget deficits and war in the Persian Gulf

  5. Conducting metal dithiolate complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Underhill, A. E.; Ahmad, M. M.; Turner, D. J.

    1985-01-01

    Further work on the chemical composition of the one-dimensional metallic metal dithiolene complex Li-Pt(mnt) is reported. The electrical conduction and thermopower properties of the nickel and palladium complexes are reported and compared with those of the platinum compound......Further work on the chemical composition of the one-dimensional metallic metal dithiolene complex Li-Pt(mnt) is reported. The electrical conduction and thermopower properties of the nickel and palladium complexes are reported and compared with those of the platinum compound...

  6. A Novel Population-based Multi-Objective CMA-ES and the Impact of Different Constraint Handling Techniques

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.F. Rodrigues; P. Bauer (Pavol); P.A.N. Bosman (Peter)

    2014-01-01

    htmlabstractThe Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolutionary Strategy (CMA-ES) is a well-known, state-of-the-art optimization algorithm for single-objective real-valued problems, especially in black-box settings. Although several extensions of CMA-ES to multi-objective (MO) optimization exist, no

  7. Vector and parallel computing on the IBM ES/3090, a powerful approach to solving problems in the utility industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bellucci, V.J.

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes IBM's approach to parallel computing using the IBM ES/3090 computer. Parallel processing concepts were discussed including its advantages, potential performance improvements and limitations. Particular applications and capabilities for the IBM ES/3090 were presented along with preliminary results from some utilities in the application of parallel processing to simulation of system reliability, air pollution models, and power network dynamics

  8. 77 FR 38884 - Professional Transportation, Inc.-Asset Acquisition-CUSA ES, LLC and CUSA CSS, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ..., Inc.--CUSA ES, LLC (MC-463168) and CUSA CSS, LLC (MC-522544) (collectively, Coach America Subsidiaries... Transportation, Inc.--Asset Acquisition--CUSA ES, LLC and CUSA CSS, LLC AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION: Notice of Finance Application. SUMMARY: Professional Transportation, Inc. (PTI or Applicant), an...

  9. Étude de la qualité des eaux usées des deux retenues du bassin du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mai 2017 ... Gourou au carrefour de l'Indénié à Abidjan en 2012. 11138. Journal of Applied .... retenues sont nées du projet de gestion intégrée du bassin du Gourou (CI-FAD, ..... Contrôle de la qualité microbiologique des eaux usées ...

  10. Prevalence of teeth with untreated dental trauma among nursery and primary school pupils in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kahabuka, F.K.; Plasschaert, A.J.M.; Hof, M.A. van 't

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of teeth with untreated dental trauma among children aged 4-15 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A sample of 4524 children from three districts of different socio-economic status in the Dar es Salaam area was examined for signs of dental trauma

  11. Tentativa de transmissão da Leishmania donovani pela picada do Lutzomyia longipalpis entre cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ítalo A. Sherlock

    1972-02-01

    Full Text Available Os Autores apresentam dados sôbre tentativas de transmissão experimental da Leishmania donovani pela picada de Lutzomyia longipalpis entre cães. Dois cães jovens sadios foram picados respectivamente por dois e sete flebótomos ricamente infectados e não adquiriram leishmaniose.

  12. As vivências de mães de jovens autistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Segeren

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O autismo é caracterizado como uma síndrome comportamental que compromete a interação social, a comunicação e o comportamento. A adolescência é uma fase em que ocorrem mudanças biológicas e psíquicas que podem desencadear dificuldades e conflitos. Estudos têm apontado que para jovens autistas as dificuldades encontradas neste período são mais acentuadas. A pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar as vivências de mães de jovens autistas, buscando identificar as reações iniciais ao diagnóstico de autismo do filho, conhecer as rotinas diárias do jovem e sua família e identificar as dificuldades encontradas na fase da adolescência do filho autista bem como as expectativas das mães em relação ao seu futuro. O estudo consistiu de uma pesquisa qualitativa com a utilização de entrevistas semiestruturadas, realizadas com onze mães de jovens autistas. Os dados coletados foram gravados, transcritos, categorizados e analisados usando-se a técnica de análise temática. Os resultados apontam que o diagnóstico do autismo foi dado de forma abrangente, enfatizando as dificuldades no desenvolvimento da criança. As mães mudaram sua rotina para assumir o cuidado integral do filho. As dificuldades de socialização da criança levaram algumas delas a evitar ambientes sociais para não ter que lidar com preconceito em relação ao filho. As maiores dificuldades encontradas na adolescência estão relacionadas ao amadurecimento sexual do jovem e são decorrentes da falta de informações das mães e agravadas pelo desconhecimento quanto a quem recorrer para obter orientação. A maior agressividade na fase da adolescência dos filhos autistas foi referida como mais um obstáculo que reforçou o isolamento e o preconceito.

  13. Building trust and confidence in laboratory ES and H policy and practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, J.

    2000-08-01

    This report describes a successful pilot event among LANL employees that can see as a model for employee involvement and community input. The conference was designed to begin building trust and confidence in Laboratory policy and practices in the area of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H). It represents a concrete step toward fostering better relationships among Lab employees and creating a new, innovative approach to communication that can also be used to build trust in the larger community. Based on the proven methods of the National Issues Forums and the Jefferson Center Citizen Jury Process, this conference enabled management to learn more about the thoughts and advice of LANL employees, During the course of the day, a random sample of Lab employees representing the LANL workforce learned about issues of health, safety and the environment, and some of the options available to increase trustworthiness in these areas. These Employee Advisors then discussed the options at some length and presented recommendations to senior Lab managers in the role of Decision Makers. At the end of the day, the participants offered their reflections and discussed what they learned during the conference, and Decision Makers responded to what they heard. The most common view expressed by the Employee Advisors was that a bottom-up approach was necessary to develop more relevant ES and H policies. They were unanimous in their desire for more employee inclusion into the decision making process. All Employee Advisors were in support of a Lab wide survey to determine employee concerns about ES and H issues. After listening to the deliberation, the Decision Makers responded with several commitments. The most significant was the pledge to meet with Employee Advisors by the end of February to discuss the status of their recommendations on ES and H policy and practices. The ensuing follow-up meeting explored employee concerns in greater depth resulting in forward-looking action steps

  14. Brazilian spotted fever in dogs/ Febre maculosa brasileira em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Welker Biondo

    Full Text Available Brazilian spotted fever (BSF is caused by bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii, highly pathogenic for humans and dogs, and has the Amblyomma cajennense tick as its main vector. Dogs maybe have a significantly participation on the BSF epidemiology, particularly in urban areas, due to the close contact with human beings. Several serologic studies in dogs from different Brazilian regions have indicated a previous contact of these animals with the R. rickettsii, and they are even considered as sentinels for the bacteria distribution. Although dogs are susceptible to R. rickettsii infection, the clinical disease in dogs has been very recently described in Brazil. Common signs of infection may include fever, depression, anorexia, ocular lesions, hemorrhagic petechiaes, anemia and thrombocytopenia, which also may appear in other diseases, such as the canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, considered the most common disease in dogs transmitted by ticks in Brazil. Thus, BSF clinical diagnosis in dogs may be confused by other diseases, causing its sub-notification. The aim of the present review article on BSF in dogs was to describe epidemiologic, clinical and diagnosis aspects, including also the main alternatives for its treatment and control.A febre maculosa brasileira (FMB é causada pela bactéria Rickettsia rickettsii, cuja patogenicidade é conhecida para seres humanos e cães, e o carrapato Amblyomma cajennense é tido como seu principal vetor. Os cães podem ter um papel significativo na epidemiologia da FMB devido ao próximo contato com seres humanos. Vários estudos sorológicos em cães em diferentes estados brasileiros indicaram um contato prévio destes animais com a R. rickettsii, sendo inclusive considerados sentinelas para a circulação da bactéria. Apesar de serem susceptíveis à infecção por R. rickettsii, a doença clínica em cães foi relatada apenas recentemente no Brasil, onde observaram-se sinais comuns da infecção, como febre, anorexia

  15. Visual Complexity: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donderi, Don C.

    2006-01-01

    The idea of visual complexity, the history of its measurement, and its implications for behavior are reviewed, starting with structuralism and Gestalt psychology at the beginning of the 20th century and ending with visual complexity theory, perceptual learning theory, and neural circuit theory at the beginning of the 21st. Evidence is drawn from…

  16. Complexity in Picture Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierschynski, Jarek; Louie, Belinda; Pughe, Bronwyn

    2015-01-01

    One of the key requirements of Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in English Language Arts is that students are able to read and access complex texts across all grade levels. The CCSS authors emphasize both the limitations and lack of accuracy in the current CCSS model of text complexity, calling for the development of new frameworks. In response…

  17. Method of complex scaling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Braendas, E.

    1986-01-01

    The method of complex scaling is taken to include bound states, resonances, remaining scattering background and interference. Particular points of the general complex coordinate formulation are presented. It is shown that care must be exercised to avoid paradoxical situations resulting from inadequate definitions of operator domains. A new resonance localization theorem is presented

  18. Is dense codeswitching complex?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorleijn, M.

    In this paper the question is raised to what extent dense code switching can be considered complex. Psycholinguistic experiments indicate that code switching involves cognitive costs, both in production and comprehension, a conclusion that could indicate that code switching is indeed complex. In

  19. Complex conductivity of soils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Revil, A.; Coperey, A.; Shao, Z.; Florsch, N.; Fabricus, I.L.; Deng, Y.; Delsman, J.R.; Pauw, P.S.; Karaoulis, M.; Louw, P.G.B. de; Baaren, E.S. van; Dabekaussen, W.; Menkovic, A.; Gunnink, J.L.

    2017-01-01

    The complex conductivity of soils remains poorly known despite the growing importance of this method in hydrogeophysics. In order to fill this gap of knowledge, we investigate the complex conductivity of 71 soils samples (including four peat samples) and one clean sand in the frequency range 0.1 Hz

  20. Leading healthcare in complexity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohn, Jeffrey

    2014-12-01

    Healthcare institutions and providers are in complexity. Networks of interconnections from relationships and technology create conditions in which interdependencies and non-linear dynamics lead to surprising, unpredictable outcomes. Previous effective approaches to leadership, focusing on top-down bureaucratic methods, are no longer effective. Leading in complexity requires leaders to accept the complexity, create an adaptive space in which innovation and creativity can flourish and then integrate the successful practices that emerge into the formal organizational structure. Several methods for doing adaptive space work will be discussed. Readers will be able to contrast traditional leadership approaches with leading in complexity. They will learn new behaviours that are required of complexity leaders, along with challenges they will face, often from other leaders within the organization.

  1. es war ihm, als“. Irreale Vergleichssätze als Darstellungsmodus des Wahnsinns in Georg Büchners Erzählung Lenz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivetta Gentilin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of complex illness themes, in particular mental ones, has already been emphasized in numerous scientific articles regarding the literary work of Georg Büchner. It is particularly evident that Büchner draws on his medical knowledge into the literary text. In Lenz (1835 he experiments like a scientist with themes, images and structures from his scientific sources. This article opens with a comparative discussion of the narrative structures used in psychological case descriptions of the early 1800s and the ones used in Büchner’s Lenz. As the comparison shows, the use of metaphors referring to mental illness and the use of the narrative expression „es war ihm, als” (it seemed to him as if characterize the peculiarity of Büchner’s narrative. Furthermore, this article examines the grammatical and rhetorical functioning of the expression „es war ihm, als” and suggests that it should be understood as a medium which introduces a new perspective on critical aspects of Büchner’s contemporary society.

  2. Calculs de doses générées par les rayonnements ionisants principes physiques et codes de calcul

    CERN Document Server

    Vivier, Alain

    2016-01-01

    Cet ouvrage et les codes associés s’adressent aux utilisateurs de sources de rayonnements ionisants : techniciens, ingénieurs de sécurité, personnes compétentes en radioprotection, mais aussi médecins, chercheurs, concepteurs, décideurs… Les contraintes croissantes liées à la radioprotection rendent indispensables l’utilisation de codes de calcul permettant d’évaluer les débits de doses générées par ces sources et la façon dont on peut s’en protéger au mieux. De nombreux codes existent, dont certains restent des références incontournables, mais ils sont relativement complexes à mettre en oeuvre et restent en général réservés aux bureaux d’études. En outre, ces codes sont souvent des « boîtes noires » qui ne permettent pas de comprendre la physique sous-jacente. L’objectif de cet ouvrage est double : - Exposer les principes physiques permettant de comprendre les phénomènes à l’oeuvre lorsque la matière est irradiée par des rayonnements ionisants. Il devient al...

  3. Confirmation of Non-Impacted Status (TA16-280 Complex)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruedig, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-12-07

    EPC-ES finds that the materials associated with TA16-280 complex (see Figure 1) are candidates for release to the public for recycle or as sanitary/commercial waste. This finding is consistent with the requirements of DOE Order 458.1 Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment and LANL Policy 412 Environmental Radiation Protection.

  4. How to Assess Professional Competencies in Education for Sustainability?: An Approach from a Perspective of Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Maria Rosa; Junyent, Mercè; Fonolleda, Marta

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to contribute to the professional competency approach in Education for Sustainability (ES) from the perspective of complexity and to the assessment of these competencies. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative research process was used, which consisted of two main phases--a documentary analysis of the internationally…

  5. Exploring Fluorescence Antibunching in Solution To Determine the Stoichiometry of Molecular Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sýkora, Jan; Kaiser, K.; Gregor, I.; Bönigk, W.; Schmalzing, G.; Enderlain, J.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 79, - (2007), s. 4040-4049 ISSN 0003-2700 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06063 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : exploring fluorescence antibunching * molecular complex es * biophysical methods Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 5.287, year: 2007

  6. A fístula esôfago-gástrica cervical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fausto Orsi

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a presença de fístula esôfago-gástrica cervical nos pacientes submetidos a esofagectomias por câncer após reconstrução do trânsito digestivo com o estômago nas três vias: pré-esternal, retro-esternal e mediastino posterior. MÉTODO: Em um total de 180 pacientes portadores de carcinoma de células escamosas de esôfago torácico, tratados no Hospital Geral de Nova Iguaçu e no Hospital EMCOR, de agosto de 1968 a março de 2000, foram realizadas 97 esofagectomias e 70 (72,16% reconstruções do trânsito digestivo. O tratamento considerado foi essencialmente cirúrgico através da esofagectomia transpleural direita e da esofagectomia transhiatal. A anastomose esôfago-gástrica cervical foi realizada inicialmente em parede anterior do estômago e depois em parede posterior. Paralelamente, foram realizados estudos experimentais em cadáveres frescos no IML (Instituto Médico Legal de Nova Iguaçu, para avaliação das dimensões das paredes gástricas e pesquisa de suas vascularizações. RESULTADOS: A incidência de fístulas ficou reduzida a 7,69%, quando se passou usar a parede posterior do estômago. A reconstrução do trânsito digestivo foi realizada em 52,86% pela via pré-esternal, 10% pela via retro-esternal e 37,14% pelo leito esofágico. As fístulas ocorreram em 20% dos pacientes (14 casos. Na via pré-esternal ocorreram 24,43% (9 casos, na via retro-esternal 42,85% (3 casos, e mediastino posterior 7,69% (2 casos.( X2= 3,39; p= 0,18 A mortalidade operatória foi de 15,71%, sendo a insuficiência respiratória sua maior causa.((X2= 3,29; p= 0,19. A sobrevida em cinco anos foi de 13,5%. CONCLUSÕES: A esofagectomia com anastomose esôfago-gástrica cervical é o nosso método de escolha. Os melhores resultados foram obtidos com a execução da anastomose esôfago-gástrica cervical na parede posterior do estômago, e através do mediastino posterior.

  7. Auto-anticorpos na Esclerose Sistêmica (ES Autoantibody in the Systemic Sclerosis (SS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Eduardo Coelho Andrade

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A esclerose sistêmica (ES é uma enfermidade inflamatória crônica idiopática, cujo principal indício de vínculo com a auto-imunidade é a presença de auto-anticorpos na maior parte dos pacientes. Pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta em células HEp-2, observa-se reatividade predominantemente contra o nucléolo e o núcleo, sendo que títulos de anticorpos antinucléolo acima de 1/640 são fortemente sugestivos de ES. Alguns desses auto-anticorpos apresentam alta especificidade para a ES, sendo considerados marcadores diagnósticos dessa enfermidade. São exemplos os anticorpos anti-Scl-70, antifibrilarina e anti-RNA polimerase I. Outros apresentam interessantes associações com manifestações específicas da ES, como os anticorpos anticentrômero, associados às formas limitadas, os anticorpos anti-RNA polimerase III, associados ao extenso comprometimento da pele, e os anticorpos anti-To/Th, associados às formas limitadas com propensão ao desenvolvimento de hipertensão pulmonar. Algumas dessas associações estão bem estabelecidas em diversos estudos, de diferentes grupos de pesquisadores. Outras, entretanto, devem ser vistas com cautela, pois a exigüidade de casos disponíveis para estudo pode ensejar conclusões preliminares e não acuradas. A detecção de anticorpos anticentrômero por técnica de IFI e anti-Scl-70 por imunodifusão dupla ou por ELISA está disponível nos principais laboratórios clínicos capacitados na área de auto-imunidade. O mesmo não se aplica para a maior parte dos demais auto-anticorpos associados à ES. Espera-se que, com a implementação rotineira de técnicas para detecção desses outros auto-anticorpos, o real significado clínico dos mesmos venha a ser melhor conhecido.Systemic Sclerosis (SS is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease whose main hint towards autoimmunity is given by the presence of high serum levels of autoantibodies in the majority of the patients. In indirect

  8. Selenophene transition metal complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, Carter James [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    1994-07-27

    This research shows that selenophene transition metal complexes have a chemistry that is similar to their thiophene analogs. Selenophene coordination has been demonstrated and confirmed by molecular structure in both the η5- and the η1(Se)-coordination modes. The reaction chemistry of selenophene complexes closely resembles that of the analogous thiophene complexes. One major difference, however, is that selenophene is a better donor ligand than thiophene making the selenophene complexes more stable than the corresponding thiophene complexes. The 77Se NMR chemical shift values for selenophene complexes fall within distinct regions primarily depending on the coordination mode of the selenophene ligand. In the final paper, the C-H bond activation of η1(S)-bound thiophenes, η1(S)-benzothiophene and η1(Se)-bound selenophenes has been demonstrated. The deprotonation and rearrangement of the η1(E)-bound ligand to the carbon bound L-yl complex readily occurs in the presence of base. Reprotonation with a strong acid gives a carbene complex that is unreactive towards nucleophilic attack at the carbene carbon and is stable towards exposure to air. The molecular structure of [Cp(NO)(PPh3)Re(2-benzothioenylcarbene)]O3SCF3 was determined and contains a Re-C bond with substantial double bond character. Methyl substitution for the thienylcarbene or selenylcarbene gives a carbene that rearranges thermally to give back the η1(E)-bound complex. Based on these model reactions, a new mechanism for the H/D exchange of thiophene over the hydrodesulfurization catalyst has been proposed.

  9. BRASIL, NO ÂMBITO DAS ORGANIZAÇÕES DO TERCEIRO SETOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAULO ARNALDO OLAK

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Las organizaciones privadas sin fines lucrativos, en este trabajo denominadas de Tercer Sector, vienen desempeñando funciones cada vez más amplias y relevantes en la sociedad moderna. Estas organizaciones desarrollan actividades de carácter benéfico, filantrópico, caritativo, religioso, cultural, educacional, científico, artístico, literario, recreativo, de protección al medio ambiente, deportivo, además de otros servicios, objetivando siempre la consecución de fines sociales. Como consecuencia, el campo de estudios de ese sector es, actualmente, una de las áreas que vienen despertando gran interés de investigadores multidisciplinares de las llamadas a ciencias sociales, incluyendo áreas aplicadas como las de las ciencias económicas, administrativas y contables. En ese sentido, es oportuno cuestionar la evolución de la producción académica contable en el ámbito de esas organizaciones, siendo éste el principal objetivo de este artículo. Para identificar y sistematizar las diferentes producciones académicas realizadas sobre esa temática, se hizo, preliminarmente, una revisión de la literatura sobre el Tercer Sector y, enseguida, se levantó la producción académica en el período de 2000 a 2006, desde bases de datos de los programas de doctorado y maestrazgo en Ciencias Contables y Contraloría, congresos y revistas especializadas. Se puso evidente, a partir del análisis de los resultados, que la producción tiene origen, básicamente, en dos programas de maestrazgo, la diseminaciónes más fuerte en congresos y es inexpresiva la publicación en reviste.

  10. A Spitzer five-band analysis of the Jupiter-sized planet TrES-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cubillos, Patricio; Harrington, Joseph; Foster, Andrew S. D.; Lust, Nate B.; Hardy, Ryan A.; Bowman, M. Oliver [Planetary Sciences Group, Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); Madhusudhan, Nikku, E-mail: pcubillos@fulbrightmail.org [Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

    2014-12-10

    With an equilibrium temperature of 1200 K, TrES-1 is one of the coolest hot Jupiters observed by Spitzer. It was also the first planet discovered by any transit survey and one of the first exoplanets from which thermal emission was directly observed. We analyzed all Spitzer eclipse and transit data for TrES-1 and obtained its eclipse depths and brightness temperatures in the 3.6 μm (0.083% ± 0.024%, 1270 ± 110 K), 4.5 μm (0.094% ± 0.024%, 1126 ± 90 K), 5.8 μm (0.162% ± 0.042%, 1205 ± 130 K), 8.0 μm (0.213% ± 0.042%, 1190 ± 130 K), and 16 μm (0.33% ± 0.12%, 1270 ± 310 K) bands. The eclipse depths can be explained, within 1σ errors, by a standard atmospheric model with solar abundance composition in chemical equilibrium, with or without a thermal inversion. The combined analysis of the transit, eclipse, and radial-velocity ephemerides gives an eccentricity of e=0.033{sub −0.031}{sup +0.015}, consistent with a circular orbit. Since TrES-1's eclipses have low signal-to-noise ratios, we implemented optimal photometry and differential-evolution Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms in our Photometry for Orbits, Eclipses, and Transits pipeline. Benefits include higher photometric precision and ∼10 times faster MCMC convergence, with better exploration of the phase space and no manual parameter tuning.

  11. Doesn't it the quantum mechanics separable?; Es no separable la mecanica cuantica?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patino Jaidar, Erick Leonardo [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    2001-04-01

    Since its beginning, quantum mechanics has been proposed as a non-separable theory, however, this has been a controversial issue. The arguments with or against the non-local character of the quantum theory has always been closely related to its foundations. Nowadays the general opinions is that non-local effects had been verified and the dead of realism as a philosophical point of view is unavoidable. Nevertheless, the discussion stills open, since the performed experiments rely on very strong and unverified experimental hypothesis. Actually there are realistic and local models which reproduce the experimental results. The main goal of this paper is to expose some of the critics which show that realism has not been rejected, but in fact there are alternative realistic theories which allow deep understanding of the quantum behavior. [Spanish] Desde sus inicios, la mecanica cuantica se ha postulado como una teoria no separable, sin embargo este ha sido siempre un punto generador de gran polemica. Los argumentos a favor o en contra del caracter no local de la teoria cuantica han estado siempre vinculados de manera estrecha con sus fundamentos. La tendencia generalizada a la fecha es pensar que los efectos no separables han sido verificados y que la muerte del realismo como vision filosofica es inevitable. Aun asi, la discusion no ha sido cerrada, puesto que los experimentos realizados se apoyan en hipotesis experimentales muy fuertes no verificadas, lo cual da buenas razones para dudar de ellos. De hecho existen modelos realistas y locales que reproducen los resultados de los experimentos realizados. El principal objetivo de este articulo es exponer algunas de las criticas que demuestran que el realismo no ha sido descartado y que, muy por el contrario, existen teorias realistas alternativas que permiten un entendimiento mucho mas amplio de los fenomenos cuanticos.

  12. Homicidios, ¿es ineluctable la violencia en América Latina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Salama

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En la mayoría de los países de América Latina la tasa de homicidios es mucho mayor que en los países desarrollados. En algunos países aumenta mientras en otros disminuye o bien se estabiliza. Se incrementa considerablemente en algunas grandes ciudades pero decrece significativamente en otras, desde inicios del año 2000. Los narcotraficantes y la evolución de las organizaciones criminales inciden de manera especial en todo ello. Las causas del aumento y la reducción de la violencia son múltiples y se entrecruzan. Reducir la violencia una vez que ha alcanzado el nivel que presenta en varios países de América Latina es un poco como tratar de “encontrar la cuadratura del círculo”. Eso da una idea del grado de dificultad. Algunas condiciones previas son necesarias para mejorar la cohesión social y para reducir la violencia: disminuir de manera sustancial las desigualdades socioeconómicas, favorecer una redistribución más equitativa de los ingresos, desarrollar una educación primaria, secundaria y profesional de calidad, inventar políticas de la ciudad, mejorar la calidad de las instituciones –sobre todo de la justicia y de la policía–, desarrollar una política de la ciudad; tal como se hizo en Bogotá y como empieza a hacerse en las “favellas pacificadas” en Brasil, y contrariamente a lo que se observa en México, donde se privilegia la represión y donde es tan alta la corrupción, incluso en las esferas más altas de la política y de la policía.

  13. La mediana robusta sobre un árbol cunado la demanda es incierta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Bavarro

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El problema de la p-mediana es un modelo básico de localización en redes donde las longitudes de las aristas (distancias y los pesos de los vértices (demandas son conocidos. Consiste en encontrar p puntos de la red de modo que se minimice la distancia total ponderada entre estos puntos y los vértices. Como la mayoría de problemas de localización, se utiliza para tomar decisiones a largo plazo en un entorno incierto. En consecuencia, la hipótesis de que los datos son deterministas no parece apropiada para resolver un problema real. En este trabajo presentamos el problema de la mediana sobre un árbol con incertidumbre en las demandas, resuelto mediante técnicas de optimización robusta. En concreto, hemos supuesto que la incertidumbre viene reflejada por el hecho de que cada demanda puede variar en un rango de valores. Nuestro objetivo es conseguir una solución que, cuando los datos tomen algún valor en el futuro, minimice la demanda no atendida y cuyo coste no esté muy lejos del mínimo coste que hubiésemos obtenido de saber con antelación el auténtico valor de los datos. Puesto que la forma de plantear matemáticamente este objetivo no es única, presentamos y comparamos varias opciones entre las que puede elegir el decisor.

  14. ¿Es la práctica odontológica un trabajo social descontextualizado?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Payares González

    Full Text Available Debido a la indiscriminación sufrida por la odontología durante el siglo pasado y buena parte del presente, esta práctica desarrolló sus conocimientos en una especie de "caja negra", cuya fundamentación básicamente tecnológica, los hacía indescifrables para legos y otras prácticas de salud. De esta manera, la discriminación revertió en un monopolio, y el monopolio, a la postre, en una autonomía operativa que generó la posibilidad de un comportamiento auténticamente profesional. Sin embargo, esta circunstancia, que fue históricamente positiva, para un proceso de profesionalización, fue negativa en cuanto a la fundación académica o científica de la odontología. El histórico alejamiento de las ciencias biomédicas y de las ciencias conductuales y sociales repercutió como una inadecuada correspondencia entre la práctica odontológica y su objeto de trabajo. Qué puede esperarse de una práctica profesional que, como vemos, ha desarrollado una referencia cientificotécnica perturbada sobre su objeto de trabajo y de sí misma? Si a pesar del desarrollo cientificotécnico no se ha podido producir un impacto social y epidemiológico significativos en el componente bucal de la salud-enfermedad humana, es posible afirmar, que el basamento teórico- práctico sobre el cual se sustenta la odontología no es el más apropiado para el contexto en que realiza su trabajo. Por lo tanto, es una práctica profesional descontextualizada.

  15. Supraspinatus tendinosis in dogs / Tendinose do supra-espinhoso em cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Guilherme Padilha Filho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Supraspinatus tendinosis was recently reported in dogs but it is a well-documented disorder in human beings, specie in which is considered the cause of pain and dysfunction in 51% of cases of shoulder problems. It can cause pain and lameness or be asymptomatic in dogs. The clinical relevance in canine specie is unclear and seems to be underestimated. The aim of this paper is to review the possible etiologies involved in this tendinopathy, the main diagnostic methods applied and actual options of therapies in veterinary medicine. Simultaneously, call the clinicians attention to this disorder as differential diagnosis for forelimb pain and lameness diseases.A tendinose do supra-espinhoso é uma desordem recentemente relatada em cães e bem documentada em seres humanos, espécie na qual representa 51% das causas de alteração na articulação do ombro. Em cães, a afecção pode levar à dor na articulação acometida e claudicação ou permanecer assintomática. O significado clínico do problema ainda não foi definido na espécie canina e parece ser subestimado. O objetivo deste trabalho é discorrer sobre as possíveis etiologias desta tendinopatia e principais métodos diagnósticos, bem como abordar as terapias mais aplicadas atualmente em medicina veterinária, atentando ao clínico sobre as características da doença e a importância de incluí-la no diagnóstico diferencial de causas de dor e claudicação do membro anterior em cães.

  16. Cultivar la memoria es tarea no sólo de ancianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luna Torres Leonor

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available

    El artículo busca despertar en el lector su interés por estimular la memoria desde etapas tempranas de la vida valiéndose de estrategias tales como ejercitar y darle claves al cerebro, ejercicios de agilidad mental y cálculo matemático, evocar hechos y  reminiscencias como una manera práctica de estimular la memoria; así como también desvirtuar afirmaciones que atribuyen el hecho de perder la memoria como una situación inherente a la etapa de la vejez, cuando lo cierto, es que si en esa etapa de la vida la memoria es estimulada, el anciano logra mantener una memoria feliz que le da la posibilidad de interactuar con su medio y ser una persona funcional. Es también la oportunidad de hablar no solo de memoria retrógrada y anterotrógrada o remota y reciente que sin que hayan perdido validez, en la actualidad aparecen otras clasificaciones como la propuesta por el doctor Murray, investigador de la Universidad de Pensilvania, quien la clasifica en: semántica, implícita, remota, trabajadora y episódica, argumenta la clasificación, el orden de duración de cada una de éstas. Resulta de gran interés esta clasificación porque en el trabajo con ancianos con frecuencia se confronta el esquema propuesto por el Dr. Murray. Finalmente se presenta una cordial invitación al lector para que analice los factores endógenos y exógenos que afectan el caudal de los recuerdos y busque incidir en aquellos que son susceptibles de ser modificados y de esta manera se alcance el cometido de este artículo. "tener memoria".

  17. Study of complex modes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pastrnak, J.W.

    1986-01-01

    This eighteen-month study has been successful in providing the designer and analyst with qualitative guidelines on the occurrence of complex modes in the dynamics of linear structures, and also in developing computer codes for determining quantitatively which vibration modes are complex and to what degree. The presence of complex modes in a test structure has been verified. Finite element analysis of a structure with non-proportional dumping has been performed. A partial differential equation has been formed to eliminate possible modeling errors

  18. Nuclear weapons complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rezendes, V.S.

    1992-04-01

    In addition to long-standing safety and environmental problems plaguing the nuclear weapons complex, this paper reports that the Department of Energy (DOE) faces a major new challenge-how to reconfigure the weapons complex to meet the nation's defense needs in the 21st century. Key decisions still need to be made about the size of the complex; where, if necessary, to relocate various operations; what technologies to use for new tritium production; and what to do with excess weapons-grade material. The choices confronting DOE and Congress are difficult given the conflicting demands for limited resources

  19. Managing complex child law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Idamarie Leth

    2017-01-01

    The article reports the findings of a qualitative study of Danish legal regulation of the public initial assessment of children and young persons and municipal practitioners’ decision-making under this regulation. The regulation mirrors new and complex relations between families and society...... in the form of 7 individual vignette interviews with municipal mid-level managers and professional consultants in five Danish municipalities. The study finds that the regulation is more complex than it looks, and that the complexity is handled through simplifying decision-making patterns that can be seen...

  20. A Multi-Approach Evaluation System (MA-ES) of Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC) used in waste heat utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shu, Gequn; Yu, Guopeng; Tian, Hua; Wei, Haiqiao; Liang, Xingyu

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • The MA-ES provides comprehensive valuations on ORC used for waste heat utilization. • The MA-ES covers energetic, exergetic and economic evaluations of typical ORCs. • The MA-ES is a general assessing method without restriction to specific ORC condition. • Two ORC cases of ICE waste-heat-recovery are exemplified applying the MA-ES. - Abstract: A Multi-Approach Evaluation System (MA-ES) is established in this paper providing comprehensive evaluations on Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC) used for waste heat utilization. The MA-ES covers three main aspects of typical ORC performance: basic evaluations of energy distribution and system efficiency based on the 1st law of thermodynamics; evaluations of exergy distribution and exergy efficiency based on the 2nd law of thermodynamics; economic evaluations based on calculations of equipment capacity, investment and cost recovery. The MA-ES is reasonably organized aiming at providing a general method of ORC performance assessment, without restrictions to system configurations, operation modes, applications, working fluid types, equipment conditions, process parameters and so on. Two ORC cases of internal combustion engines’ (ICEs) waste-heat-recovery are exemplified to illustrate the applications of the evaluation system. The results clearly revealed the performance comparisons among ORC configurations and working fluids referred. The comparisons will provide credible guidance for ORC design, equipment selection and system construction