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Sample records for non-palpable solitary invasive

  1. What is the predictor for invasion in non-palpable breast cancer with microcalcifications?

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    Nishimura, Seiichiro; Takahashi, Kaoru; Gomi, Naoya; Tada, Keiichiro; Makita, Masujiro; Tada, Takashi; Iwase, Takuji; Yoshimoto, Masataka; Akiyama, Futoshi; Sakamoto, Goi; Kasumi, Fujio

    2004-01-01

    To assess the presence of invasion in non-palpable breast cancer with microcalcifications. We investigated 157 patients with non-palpable breast cancer with microcalcifications, who had undergone stereotactic core biopsy or vacuum-assisted breast biopsy and operation at the Cancer Institute Hospital between 1995 and 2001. We investigated the correlation between the area of calcification (maximum range of microcalcifications measured in mm by direct mammography), morphology of calcification on mammography, histological subtype of intraductal carcinoma (comedo or non-comedo) and frequency of invasion, and lymph node metastasis. The chi-square test was used in the statistical analysis and p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Invasion was observed in 33 of 157 pts (21%), of whom 23 showed minimal invasion, which is less than 0.5 cm in greatest diameter. The risk of invasion was 13% within 10 mm of the microcalcifications (n =70), 25% from 11 to 30 mm (n =59), and 32% more than 31 mm from the microcalcifications (n =28). The risk of invasion was 16% for punctate-round and amorphous type (n =87) microcalcifications, and 27% for pleomorphic and linear-branching types (n =70)(p =0.092). In addition, invasion was found 10% of the time within 10 mm of punctate-round and amorphous type microcalcifications, and 20% of the time at 11 mm or more. On the other hand, invasion was found 15% of the time within 10 mm of pleomorphic and linear-branching type microcalcifications, and 37% of the time at 11 mm or more. In 72 cases of intraductal carcinoma diagnosed by pathological examination, invasion was found in 10 of 31 (32%) comedo type intraductal carcinomas and in 5 of 41 (12%) non-comedo types (p =0.0379). There were 5 cases (3.2%) with axillary lymph node metastasis, all of which widely extended more than 21 mm from the microcalcifications. The risk of invasion was 10% within 10 mm of punctate-round and amorphous type microcalcifications, and 37% at

  2. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid with capsular invasion.

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    Bohórquez, Concepción Lara; González-Cámpora, Ricardo; Loscertales, Miguel Congregado; Escudero, Antonio García; Mezquita, Jesús Congregado

    2003-01-01

    This report describes the clinical and pathologic findings of a peculiar case of solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland that showed capsular invasion. After four and a half years of follow-up, neither local recurrence nor metastasis has developed.

  3. Dual modality surgical guidance of non-palpable breast lesions

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    Judy, Patricia Goodale

    Although breast conserving therapy has some advantages over the traditional mastectomy procedure, the biggest disadvantage is the chance of local re-occurrence in which a second surgery is often required. Adequate surgical removal of breast tumors requires accurate tumor localization in order to ensure a balance between optimal cosmetic results and minimization of the risk for local re-occurrence. These challenges have motivated the search for alternative, more accurate methods for intraoperative localization of non-palpable breast lesions. The overall goal of this project was to develop an innovative technique for radioguided localization of non-palpable breast lesions that is more accurate, easier for the breast surgeon, and more comfortable for the patient than the current practice of wire localization. The technique uses a dual modality breast imaging system to place a marker composed of radiolabeled albumin (99mTc-MAA or 111ln-MAA) into the lesion. Preliminary studies were made to evaluate the localization accuracy of the system, which showed that the dual modality breast scanner is capable of accurate 3-dimensional localization using either X-ray or gamma ray imaging. A 3-axis needle positioning system was built and integrated into the dual modality breast scanner and its accuracy tested. A pilot clinical trial to evaluate the dual-modality surgical guidance technique was designed and preliminary clinical data collected. Detailed results were presented on the first three subjects; although a total of seven subjects have been recruited to the study to date. So far, it has been demonstrated that the radioguided surgery technique can be performed with approximately 10 times less radiomarker activity than is currently being used by other researchers employing 99mTc-MAA as a radiomarker, while maintaining comparable localization accuracy. Although the DMSG technique has not been tested in a large cohort of subjects, the preliminary data on the first few are

  4. Stereotactic vacuum-assisted core biopsy results for non-palpable breast lesions.

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    Agacayak, Filiz; Ozturk, Alper; Bozdogan, Atilla; Selamoglu, Derya; Alco, Gul; Ordu, Cetin; Pilanci, Kezban Nur; Killi, Refik; Ozmen, Vahit

    2014-01-01

    The increase in breast cancer awareness and widespread use of mammographic screening has led to an increased detection of (non-palpable) breast cancers that cannot be discovered through physical examination. One of the methods used in the diagnosis of these cancers is vacuum-assisted core biopsy, which prevents a considerable number of patients from undergoing surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to present the results of stereotactic vacuum-assisted core biopsy for suspicious breast lesions. Files were retrospectively scanned and data on demographic, radiological and pathological findings were recorded for patients who underwent stereotactic vacuum-assisted core biopsy due to suspicious mammographic findings at the Interventional Radiology Centre of the Florence Nightingale Hospital between January 2010, and April 2013. Statistical analysis was carried out using Pearson's Chi-square, continuity correction, and Fisher's exact tests. The mean age of the patients was 47 years (range: 36-70). Biopsies were performed due to BIRADS 3 lesions in 8 patients, BIRADS 4 lesions in 77 patients, and BIRADS 5 lesions in 3 patients. Mammography elucidated clusters of microcalcifications in 73 patients (83%) and focal lesions (asymmetrical density, distortion) in 15 patients (17%). In terms of complications, 1 patient had a hematoma, and 2 patients had ecchymoses (3/88; 3.3%). The histopathologic results revealed benign lesions in 63 patients (71.6%) and malignant lesions in 25 patients (28.4%). The mean duration of the procedure was 37 minutes (range: 18-55). Although all of the BIRADS 3 lesions were benign, 22 (28.6%) of the BIRADS 4 lesions and all of the BIRADS 5 lesions were malignant. Among the malignant cases, 80% were in situ, and 20% were invasive carcinomas. These patients underwent surgery. In cases where non-palpable breast lesions are considered to be suspicious in mammography scans, the vacuum-assisted core biopsy method provides an accurate

  5. Laparoscopic orchidopexy: one-stage alternative for non-palpable testes.

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    Al-Shareef, Z. H.; Al-Shlash, S.; Koneru, S. R.; Towu, E.; Al-Dhohayan, A.; Al-Brekett, K.

    1996-01-01

    Laparoscopy was utilised in the evaluation of 24 non-palpable undescended testes in 19 children. The procedure was accurate in all patients while ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) failed to localise the testes in most cases. At the same time laparoscopic orchidopexy was performed on 15 testes (62.5%). The remaining testes were either absent or atrophic, in which case they were excised. There were no complications from these procedures and the hospital stay was short. Paediatric laparoscopy is safe and effective in the definitive management of non-palpable undescended testes. PMID:8678443

  6. Mammographic characteristics and vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) of non-palpable breast lesions

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    Ventrella, Vincenzo; Addante, Maria; Dentamaro, Rosalba; D' Amico, Cosimo (Women' s Dept., National Cancer Inst., Bari (Italy)), email: ventrel@libero.it; Tufaro, Antonio (Dept. of Experimental Oncology, National Cancer Inst., Bari (Italy)); Zito, Francesco A. (Dept. of Pathology, National Cancer Inst., Bari (Italy)); Stea, Baldassarre; Paradiso, Angelo (Direction Scientific, National Cancer Inst., Bari (Italy))

    2011-07-15

    Background: The new imaging technology made available today allows for an early detection of small subclinical breast lesions which frequently call for guided presurgical micro-histology. Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) histopathological diagnoses and mammographic findings in non-palpable breast lesions. Material and Methods: The breast lesions of 1393 women who had received consecutive screening mammograms between 2001 and 2007 were assessed by VABB. The mammographic breast lesions, classified according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS), were subjected to VABB only if rated as highly suspicious (2%), suspicious (64.5%) for malignancy, or probably benign (33.5%). Results: VABB findings included 981 (70.5%) probably benign lesions, 407 (29.2%) suspicious/malignant lesions, and five (0.3%) cases which were considered as inappropriate for diagnostic purposes. At histology, 10.2% of the suspicious/malignant lesions were classified as proliferative lesions, 11.1% as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and 8% as invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). The positive predictive value (PPV) of BI-RADS assessment categories 3, 4 and 5 was 4.1%, 25.3% and 75%, respectively. The occurrence of obscured or spiculated masses was found to exhibit the highest PPV for malignancy (12.5% in BI-RADS 3 and 63% in BI-RADS 4), followed by microcalcifications which showed a malignancy rate of 6.4% in BI-RADS 3, and 20% in BI-RADS 4. Conclusion: VABB turns out to be effective in the assessment of many malignant and benign preclinical tumour lesions thus allowing for a significant reduction of the number of surgical biopsies

  7. Diagnostic Value of Hook Wire Localization Technique for Non-Palpable Breast Lesions

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    Demiral, Gokhan; Senol, Metin; Bayraktar, Baris; Ozturk, Hasan; Celik, Yahya; Boluk, Salih

    2016-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of hook wire localization biopsy for non-palpable breast lesions which were detected by ultrasonography (USG) or mammography (MMG). Methods In this retrospective study, USG or MMG-guided hook wire localization technique was performed on 83 patients who had non-palpable breast lesions. Then histopathological examination was performed on surgically removed specimens. All patients’ mammograms or ultrasonograms were categorized using Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification. Results Radiologically, 27 (32.53%) patients were classified as BI-RADS 3, 49 (59.04%) BI-RADS 4, one (1.2%) BIRADS 5 and six (7.23%) BI-RADS 0. Histopathological results were benign in 68 (81.9%) and malignant in 15 (18.1%) patients. Twenty-seven patients were classified as BI-RADS 3 and definitive diagnoses for all were benign. Besides, 49 patients were classified as BI-RADS 4 and histopathologically 14 of them were reported as malignant, and 35 as benign. Sensitivity of MMG was 93% and specificity was 55%. For USG, the sensitivity was 100% and the specificity was 73%. Conclusion In early diagnosis of breast cancer, the validity of the imaging-guided hook wire localization biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions has been proved. The cooperation of surgeon, radiologist and pathologist increases the successfull results of hook wire localization technique. PMID:27081425

  8. Diagnostic Value of Frozen Section in Patients with Non-Palpable Breast Lesions.

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    Abuoglu, Hacı Hasan; Günay, Emre; Sunamak, Oğuzhan; Yiğitbaşı, M Rafet

    2016-01-01

    We analyzed wire-marking, frozen section (FS) and surgical approach in malignancy-suspicious non-palpable lesions detected on mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) as breast mass, microcalcifications and distorsions. Material and Methods: A hundred patients in whom wiremarking and frozen section analysis was performed because of non-palpable, malignancy-suspected breast lesions at General Surgery Department, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Seventy-six % of the cases was in BIRADS 4, 21% in BIRADS 3 and 3% BIRADS 5, according to Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) classification. There was a statistically significant correlation between paraffin block (PB) and frozen section analyses (kappa statistics: 0.872; p 0.01). In BIRADS 4 group of the patients, there was a significant correlation between PB and FS results (Correlation ratio was 85.3% and kappa statistics: 0.853; p 0.01). In early stage breast cancer wire-marking and resection method is an important diagnostic tool. In BIRADS 4 patients with non-palpable breast lesions, wire marking, resection under general anesthesia and FS can be used trustfully. In patients with early breast cancer, breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymphnode biopsy may avoid unnecessary axillary lymph node dissection. Celsius.

  9. Peritoneography for diagnosis of non-palpable hernias. Peritoneographie zum Nachweis nicht tastbarer Hernien

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    Schumacher, K.H.

    1981-01-01

    The detection of non-palpable hernia by means of peritoneography is almost unknown in the German-speaking areas. By injection of an iodine-containing contrast medium into the abdominal cavity, and with the corresponding positioning of the patient, a hernia can certainly be diagnosed or excluded. This method is indicated in cases of inguinal pain with undetected genesis, particularly in adipose patients, for detecting recidivous hernias with postoperative complaints, for the diagnosis of traumatic hernias or abdominal wall hernias. Between July 1, 1979 and December 31, 1980 peritoneography was performed in 154 patients in Bruchsal Hospital in order to detect herniae.

  10. Optical mammography: a new technique for visualizing breast lesions in women presenting non palpable BIRADS 4-5 imaging findings: preliminary results with radiologic-pathologic correlation.

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    Athanasiou, Alexandra; Vanel, Daniel; Fournier, Laure; Balleyguier, Corinne

    2007-02-28

    The purpose of this prospective study is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of near-infrared breast optical absorption imaging in patients with Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) 4-5 non-palpable lesions scheduled for biopsy, using pathology after core or excisional biopsy as a reference. The patient's breast was positioned onto a panel of red light-emitting diodes (640 nm). A soft membrane was inflated to exert a uniform pressure on the breast. Transmitted light was detected using a CCD camera. The entire acquisition sequence took 1 minute. Image processing generated dynamic images displayed in colour scale, to reveal time-dependent changes in the transmitted light intensity caused by the pressure change. Dynamic curves were classified in two categories: consistently decreasing intensity suspicious for malignancy, and sinusoidal increasing intensity considered as benign. Seventy-eight women consulting for non-palpable breast lesions were initially included in the study. An imaging-histology correlation was obtained for seventy-two patients, the remaining six patients were excluded for technical optical scan reasons. We experienced an overall sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 38%, the false negative results being mainly small size (<10 mm) infiltrating malignant lesions and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). False positive results were seen in benign proliferative lesions. Dynamic optical breast imaging is a novel, low-cost, non-invasive technique yielding a new type of information about the physiology of breast lesions. Absorption is due to haemoglobin and its products, therefore reflecting the angiogenic status of breast tumours.

  11. Optical mammography: a new technique for visualizing breast lesions in women presenting non palpable BIRADS 4–5 imaging findings: preliminary results with radiologic–pathologic correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanel, Daniel; Fournier, Laure; Balleyguier, Corinne

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this prospective study is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of near-infrared breast optical absorption imaging in patients with Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) 4–5 non-palpable lesions scheduled for biopsy, using pathology after core or excisional biopsy as a reference. The patient's breast was positioned onto a panel of red light-emitting diodes (640 nm). A soft membrane was inflated to exert a uniform pressure on the breast. Transmitted light was detected using a CCD camera. The entire acquisition sequence took 1 minute. Image processing generated dynamic images displayed in colour scale, to reveal time-dependent changes in the transmitted light intensity caused by the pressure change. Dynamic curves were classified in two categories: consistently decreasing intensity suspicious for malignancy, and sinusoidal increasing intensity considered as benign. Seventy-eight women consulting for non-palpable breast lesions were initially included in the study. An imaging–histology correlation was obtained for seventy-two patients, the remaining six patients were excluded for technical optical scan reasons. We experienced an overall sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 38%, the false negative results being mainly small size (<10 mm) infiltrating malignant lesions and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). False positive results were seen in benign proliferative lesions. Dynamic optical breast imaging is a novel, low-cost, non-invasive technique yielding a new type of information about the physiology of breast lesions. Absorption is due to haemoglobin and its products, therefore reflecting the angiogenic status of breast tumours. PMID:17339139

  12. A modified sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) technique in non-palpable breast cancer: a pilot study

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    Follacchio, Giulia Anna; Monteleone, Francesco; Anibaldi, Paolo; De Vincentis, Giuseppe; Iacobelli, Silvia; Merola, Raffaele; D’Orazi, Valerio; Monti, Massimo; Pasta, Vittorio

    2015-01-01

    Background The spread of mammographic screening programs has allowed an increasing amount of early breast cancer diagnosis. A modern approach to non-palpable breast lesions requires an accurate intraoperative localization, in order to achieve a complete surgical resection. In addiction, the assessment of lymph node status is mandatory as it represents a major prognostic factor in these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability of a modified technical approach using a sing...

  13. The reliability of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in the evaluation of non-palpable solid breast lesions using 18-gauge needles

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    Lim, Sung Chul; Kim, Young Sook [Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Sneige, Nour [The University of Texas M.D. Andreson Carcer Canter, Houston (United States)

    2003-04-01

    Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US CNB) is increasingly used in the histologic evaluation of non-palpable solid breast lesions. We retrospectively investigated the diagnostic accuracy of this technique, using an 18-gauge needle in 422 non-palpable breast lesions. 583 female patients with an average age 56 (range, 22-90) years underwent 590 US CNBs. Between January 1994 and December 1999, using 18-gauge needles, an average of four cores per lesion was obtained. Three hundred and eighty-five lesions were subsequently surgically excised; for 14 of these, the pathologic diagnosis was breast carcinoma metastasis, while 23 with benign diagnoses were clinically followed up for {>=}2.5 years and were considered for analysis. Of the 422 lesions, 340 (80.6%) were malignant [308 invasive, 24 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 7 DCIS with undetermined invasion and 1 DCIS vs. lobular carcinoma in situ], 67 (15.9%) were benign [30 fibroadenoma (FA) and 37 other diagnoses], and five (1.2%) were fibroepithelial lesions. The remaining ten samples (2,4%) included six cases of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), two of atypical hyperplasia (AH), and two of lobular neoplasia. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CNBs were 99%, 100%, 100%, and 96%, respectively. Two cases of invasive carcinoma were missed at CNB; there was no false-positive diagnosis. Five of six ADHs and one of two AHs were found to be carcinomas (3 DCIS and 3 infiltrating duct carcinomas). Sixteen of 24 (66.7%) cases of DCIS were found at excision to be invasion carcinomas. Of 31 FAs, two (6.5%) were found to be low-grade phyllodes tumor (PT). The five fibroepithelial lesions were shown at excision to be either PT (n=4) or FA (n=1). US CNB using an 18-gauge needle is a safe and reliable means of diagnosing breast carcinoma. Because of the high prevalence of ductal carcinoma is these lesions; findings of ADH/AH at US CNB indicate that surgical excision is needed

  14. An experience with the Advanced Breast Biopsy Instrumentation (ABBI) system in the management of non-palpable breast lesions

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    Insausti, Pina L.; Vivas, I.; Martinez-Cuesta, A.; Bergaz, F. [Department of Radiology, Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); Alberro, J.A. [Department of General Surgery, Instituto Oncologico, San Sebastian (Spain); Regueira, F.M.; Zornoza, G. [Department of General Surgery, Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, C/Pio XII, 36, 31008 Pamplona (Spain); Imana, J. [Department of Radiology, Instituto Oncologico, San Sebastian (Spain); Errasti, T. [Department of Gynaecology, Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, C/Pio XII, 36, 31008 Pamplona (Spain); Rezola, R. [Department of Pathology, Instituto Oncologico, 20012 San Sebastian (Spain)

    2002-07-01

    Our objective was to evaluate our experience with the Advanced Breast Biopsy Instrumentation system (ABBI) in non-palpable breast lesions in a prospective study from July 1998 to November 2000. The ABBI system was included in a protocol for BIRADS 4 non-palpable, small (<15 mm) breast lesions. Digital radiographs of both specimen and biopsy cavity were obtained to validate the procedure. A total of 255 ABBI biopsies were performed in 254 patients. In 251 cases the lesions were successfully removed (98.4%). Mammographic lesions consisted of 176 cases of microcalcifications (69%), 51 cases of architectural distortions (20%) and 28 cases of nodules (11%). Seventy-two carcinomas were diagnosed (28.2%). Affected margins were found in 41 cases (56.9%). Residual tumour was seen in 31 patients (43%). Seventeen borderline results and 33 benign architectural distortions obviated further procedures. The complication rate in 10 cases was as follows: 3 wound infections; 4 haematomas; and 3 vasovagal reactions. The main utility of the ABBI system is to allow a reliable diagnosis in complex lesions, such as small clusters of microcalcifications and especially architectural distortions. Surgery can be avoided for borderline cases if the lesion is completely removed and free margins are obtained in the pathology study. Therapeutic use is controversial and can be applied only in selected cases. (orig.)

  15. Staging the Axilla with selective sentinel node biopsy in patients with previous excision of non-palpable and palpable breast cancer

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    Ruano, R.; Garcia-Talavera, J.R.; Arriba, A. de [University Hospital of Salamanca, Nuclear Medicine, Salamanca (Spain); Ramos, M.; Gonzalez-Orus, J.; Iglesias, M. [University Hospital of Salamanca, General Surgery, Salamanca (Spain); Serrano, E.; Macias, M.C. [University Hospital of Salamanca, Pathology, Salamanca (Spain)

    2008-07-15

    To present our experience in the therapeutic approach of the sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in patients with previous excision of the breast cancer, divided in non-palpable and palpable lesions, in comparison with time treatment and stagement of breast cancer. In the period 2001-2006, 138 patients with prior diagnostic excisional biopsy (96 non-palpable and 42 palpable breast cancer) and 328 without previous surgery (32 non-palpable; 296 palpable cancer) were treated. The combined technique ({sup 99m}Tc-colloidal rhenium and isosulfan blue dye) was the approach for sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection. Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) was completed only when the SLN was positive for metastasis or not located. Detection rate, if there was prior surgery, was 95% for non-palpable and 98% for palpable cancer, and 99% for one-time treatment group. Metastasis rate in the SLN was 15% in non-palpable cancer (14/91), significantly smaller than in palpable breast cancer (39% if prior surgery and 37% in one-time surgery). According to tumoral size, ALND metastasis rate was similar for T1 and T2 tumors (43-44%). In the follow-up of the groups with prior diagnostic biopsy or surgery of the breast cancer we have not found any false negative in the axilla. The detection of the SLN is also feasible in patients with previous surgery of breast cancer. Because SLN metastasis rates are significantly smaller in non-palpable lesions, the effort in screening programs for early detection of breast cancer and also in improving histopathological confirmation of malignancy with ultrasound or stereotactic guided core biopsies must continue. (orig.)

  16. Clinical Analysis of 276 Cases of Non-Palpable TO Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YunyingLi; ShulingLi; XiongchengZhi; QianYu; XilinFu; YunNiu

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Discussion of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of nonpalpable TO breast cancer.METHODS Between 1978 and 1997, 9,980 female patients with operable breast cancer were treated surgically, of which 276 were determined to have TO breast cancer. Most TO breast cancers could be detected promptly with careful examination of presenting symptoms, such as nipple discharge, local thickening of the breast, nipple erosion, nipple retraction and postmenopausal mastalgia, while 12 cases were detected by routine mammography of the contralateral breast.RESULTS All patients were treated surgically and their tissue subjected to histopathological examination. Most cases (73.0%) were noninvasive or early invasive carcinoma. Axillary lymph nodes metastases were found in 7.69% of 234 mastectomy cases.CONCLUSION The survival rate was significantly increased if the tumor was in an early stage. The 5-, 10-, 15-years survival rates were 98.1%,94.6% and 90.3%, respectively.

  17. A novel approach to identify non-palpable breast lesions combining fluorescent liposomes and magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound-triggered release

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oerlemans, Chris; Nijsen, Frank; van Amersfoort, Miranda; van Bloois, Louis; Heijman, Edwin; Luijten, Peter; Mali, Willem; Storm, Gert

    2011-01-01

    The combination of fluorescein-containing liposomes (FCL) and magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU)-triggered release is a promising approach for lesion demarcation and more efficient removal of non-palpable breast lesions. Exposure of FCL to ablation temperatures (60

  18. Diagnosing non-palpable breast disease : short-term impact on quality of life of large-core needle biopsy versus open breast biopsy

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    Verkooijen, HM; Buskens, E; Peeters, PHM; Rinkes, IHMB; de Koning, HJ; van Vroonhoven, TJMV

    2002-01-01

    Background: One of the alleged advantages of stereotactic large-core needle biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions is that it entails less inconvenience for the patient. In this prospective study, the quality of life of patients undergoing large-core needle biopsy was compared with that of patients u

  19. Diagnosing non-palpable breast disease : short-term impact on quality of life of large-core needle biopsy versus open breast biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkooijen, HM; Buskens, E; Peeters, PHM; Rinkes, IHMB; de Koning, HJ; van Vroonhoven, TJMV

    2002-01-01

    Background: One of the alleged advantages of stereotactic large-core needle biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions is that it entails less inconvenience for the patient. In this prospective study, the quality of life of patients undergoing large-core needle biopsy was compared with that of patients u

  20. Combined minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery for staghorn calculi in patients with solitary kidney.

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    Dehui Lai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To present our experience with simultaneous combined minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS to manage patients with staghorn calculi in solitary kidney, and evaluate the safety, efficiency and feasibility of this approach. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The study included 20 patients with staghorn calculi in solitary kidney. Demographic characteristics, stone location and surface area were recorded. After informed consent, the patients underwent one stage MPCNL firstly. Combined second stage MPCNL and RIRS simultaneously were performed at postoperative 5-7 days. Operative parameters, stone-free rate (SFR, stone analyses and complications were evaluated. Serum creatinine (Scr, glomerular filtration rate (GFR and chronic kidney disease (CKD were measured preoperatively, postoperatively at 1 month, and each follow-up visit. All patients had staghorn stones involving multiple calyces. The mean stone burden was 1099.9 ± 843.95 mm(2. All patients had only one percutaneous access tract. The mean whole operative duration was 154.37 ± 32.45 min. The mean blood loss was 64 (12-140 ml. The final SFR was 90%. During the 1-month follow-up study period, four patients improved in CKD stage. Two patients who had CKD (stage 5 still needed dialysis postoperatively. Mean Scr of the rest patients preoperatively was 187.16 ± 94.12 compared to 140.99 ± 57.92 umol/L by the end of 1-month follow-up period (p = 0.019. The same findings were observed in GFR in that preoperatively it was 43.80 ± 24.74 ml/min and by the end of the 1-month follow-up it was 49.55 ± 21.18 ml/min (p = 0.05. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Combined MPCNL and RIRS management effectively decrease the number and size of percutaneous access tracts, which is safe, feasible, and efficient for managing staghorn calculi in solitary kidney with satisfactory SFR and reducing blood loss, potential morbidity associated with multiple

  1. Image guided, minimally invasive adenomectomy for solitary gland disease in primary hyperparathyroidism

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    Smit, Pieter Casper

    2001-01-01

    Introduction: Since the introduction in the 1970s of the unilateral approach in surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism by Wang, authors have increasingly been recommending limited forms of parathyroid surgery. Although unilateral explorations reduce operation time and admission days, decrease operative risk and give better cosmetic results, the debate about the best surgical treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism has never been settled. ‘Bilateralists’ oppose less invasive approaches beca...

  2. Detection of non-palpable breast cancer in asymptomatic women by using unenhanced diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted MR imaging: comparison with mammography and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging

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    Yabuuchi, Hidetake; Matsuo, Yoshio; Sunami, Shunya; Kamitani, Takeshi; Kawanami, Satoshi; Setoguchi, Taro; Hatakenaka, Masamitsu; Honda, Hiroshi [Kyushu University, Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Sakai, Shuji [Kyushu University, Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Kubo, Makoto [Kyushu University, Department of Clinical Oncology and Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Tokunaga, Eriko [Kyushu University, Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Yamamoto, Hidetaka [Kyushu University, Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2011-01-15

    To compare the detectability of non-palpable breast cancer in asymptomatic women by using mammography (MMG), dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and unenhanced MR imaging with combined diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted images (DWI + T2WI). Forty-two lesions in 42 patients with non-palpable breast cancer in asymptomatic women were enrolled. For the reading test, we prepared a control including 13 normal and 8 benign cases. Each imaging set included biplane MMG, DCE-MRI and DWI + T2WI. Five readers were asked to rate the images on a scale of 0 to 100 for the likelihood of the presence of cancer and the BI-RADS category. Confidence level results were used to construct receiver operating characteristic analysis. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each technique. DWI + T2WI showed higher observer performances (area under the curve, AUC, 0.73) and sensitivity (50%) for the detection of non-palpable breast cancer than MMG alone (AUC 0.64; sensitivity 40%) but lower than those of DCE-MRI (AUC 0.93; sensitivity 86%). A combination of MMG and DWI + T2WI exhibited higher sensitivity (69%) compared with that of MMG alone (40%). DWI + T2WI could be useful in screening breast cancer for patients who cannot receive contrast medium and could be used as a new screening technique for breast cancer. (orig.)

  3. Técnicas de biopsia para el diagnóstico de lesiones mamarias no palpables Biopsy techniques for the diagnosis of non-palpable mammary lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Pina

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Ante una lesión mamaria no palpable que precise una biopsia diagnóstica debe valorarse el método de guiado idóneo para acceder a la misma. En la actualidad se emplean tres métodos: la estereotaxia (fundamentalmente en casos de microcalcificaciones, la ecografía (sobre todo en los nódulos y la resonancia magnética (para lesiones no visibles mediante los anteriores sistemas. El siguiente paso es elegir la técnica de biopsia más adecuada. La técnica más clásica y fiable es la biopsia quirúrgica con marcaje previo con un arpón metálico, pero tiene los inconvenientes de ser una técnica agresiva para el diagnóstico de la patología benigna, además de presentar un alto coste. Como alternativas se han desarrollado múltiples sistemas de punción. La punción con aguja fina es de fácil realización técnica y puede dar buenos resultados en los nódulos mamarios, pero la existencia de resultados falsos positivos y negativos han limitado progresivamente su utilización. Como alternativa, los sistemas de biopsia con aguja gruesa han permitido la obtención de múltiples cilindros con gran fiabilidad diagnóstica, sobre todo en el caso de los nódulos mamarios. Sin embargo, su empleo en las microcalcificaciones continúa mostrando resultados falsos negativos. El advenimiento de los sistemas de biopsia asistida por vacío ha permitido la obtención de cilindros de mayor calidad, mejorando claramente los resultados de los sistemas anteriores, sobre todo en los casos de microcalcificaciones. Por último, los sistemas de biopsia escisional percutánea mediante cánulas de hasta 22 mm de diámetro consiguen la extracción completa de lesiones de tamaño inferior al de la cánula, con una fiabilidad similar al de la biopsia quirúrgica.Facing a non-palpable mammary lesion requiring a diagnostic biopsy, consideration must be given to the most suitable guiding method for obtaining the latter. Three methods are employed at present: stereotaxy

  4. Development of Mamestra brassicae and its solitary endoparasitoid Microplitis mediator on two populations of the invasive weed Bunias orientalis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harvey, J.A.; Gols, R.

    2011-01-01

    The warty cabbage Bunias orientalis is an invasive pest in much of central Europe, including much of Germany since the 1980s, whereas in other countries, such as The Netherlands, it is a less common exotic species. Here, healthy larvae of Mamestra brassicae, which has been found feeding on B. orient

  5. Development of Mamestra brassicae and its solitary endoparasitoid Microplitis mediator on two populations of the invasive weed, Bunias orientalis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harvey, J.A.; Gols, R.

    2011-01-01

    The warty cabbage Bunias orientalis is an invasive pest in much of central Europe, including much of Germany since the 1980s, whereas in other countries, such as The Netherlands, it is a less common exotic species. Here, healthy larvae of Mamestra brassicae, which has been found feeding on B. orient

  6. The impact of kleptoparasitic invasions on the evolution of gall-size in social and solitary Australian Acacia thrips

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    THOMAS WILLIAM CHAPMAN; KAREN LEAH FRANCIS-GEYER; MICHAEL PHILIP SCHWARZ

    2006-01-01

    Many species of gall-inducing Acacia thrips are attacked by kleptoparasitic thrips who enter the gall, destroy the occupants, and then use the gall for producing their own offspring. The hypothesis tested here is that pressure exerted by kleptoparasites (genus Koptothrips) not only provoked the evolution of soldiers in the gall-inducing clade, but have also influenced the evolution of gall size and morphology. Various size dimensions of invaded galls were compared to those of uninvaded galls using data from six gall-inducing species and their kleptoparasites. For the non-social gall-inducing species (K. ellobus and K.nicholsoni) invaded galls showed no significant size differences from galls that had not been invaded. For the four social gall-inducingspecies (K. habrus, K. intermedius, K. waterhousei and K. morrisi) invaded galls were significantly narrower and/or shorter than uninvaded galls. Galls of social species that had not been invaded and contained adult soldiers were significantly larger than galls where soldiers were still at a larval stage, suggesting that gall size is related to gall age in these species. An hypothesis is proposed that links the timing of invasion by kleptoparasites to size of the host gall: induction of a smaller gall by host founders will reduce the period of vulnerability to invasion (before soldiers become adults)for social thrips by allowing foundresses in these smaller galls to begin laying soldierdestined eggs relatively sooner.

  7. Diagnosis and treatment of non-palpable breast lesions by molybdenum targeted mammography: an analysis of 132 cases.%钼靶X线下触诊阴性乳腺病灶132例的诊治分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎伟; 包家林

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨钼靶X线下触诊阴性乳腺病灶的定位切除活检在乳腺癌早期诊断与治疗中的价值.方法 132例女性患者146个由钼靶X线发现的触诊阴性乳腺病灶,采用钼靶定位进行切除活检.结果 全组146个临床触诊阴性乳腺病灶中,乳腺癌39个(39例患者)占26.7%,乳腺癌分期:0期10个(25.6%),Ⅰ期19个(48.8%),Ⅱ期7个(17.9%),Ⅲ期3个(7.7%).随访29个月,仅1例Ⅲ期患者出现肝脏转移,其余患者均无癌生存.结论 钼靶X线发现的临床触诊阴性乳腺癌大多数为早期癌,预后良好,对于此类病灶应当积极进行定位切除活检,以利于临床触诊阴性乳腺癌的早期诊断与治疗.%Objective To evaluate the localized biopsy of non - palpable breast lesions ( NPBLs ) by molybdenum targeted mammography and its role in early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Methods One hundred and forty - six NPBLs from 132 female patients detected by molybdenum targeted mammography were undergone with localized biopsy. Results Thirty - nine lesions of 39 patients were diagnosed as malignancy including 10 ( 25.6% ) patients with stage 0 breast cancers, 19 ( 48. 8% ) with stage Ⅰ, 7 ( 17.9% ) with stage Ⅱ and 3(7.7% ) with stage Ⅲ breast cancer according to the staging system of American Joint Committee on Cancer ( AJCC ) (the 6th edition ). Liver metastasis was found only in one patients with stage Ⅲ breast cancer and the remaining thirty - eight patients were free from recurrence of the disease for a mean duration of follow up for 29 months. Conclusion These results indicated that most non - palpable breast cancers detected by molybdenum targeted mammography were in early - stage of breast cancer and they have good prognosis. Localized biopsy should be taken in NPBLs in order to facilitate the early diagnosis and treatment of non - palpable breast cancers.

  8. Detection and excision of non-palpable breast lesions by radio guided surgery and air injection for radiological control; Deteccao e exerese de lesoes mamarias nao palpaveis orientadas por cirurgia radioguiada com injecao de ar para controle radiologico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, Rafael Henrique Szymanski [Universidade Federal (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: raffaszymanski@yahoo.com.br; Oliveira, Afranio Coelho de [Universidade Federal (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho; Rocha, Augusto Cesar Peixoto [Universidade Federal (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Ginecologia e Obstetricia; Souza, Sergio Augusto Lopes de; Martins, Flavia Paiva Proenca [Universidade Federal (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gutfilen, Bianca; Fonseca, Lea Mirian Barbosa da [Universidade Federal (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: lmirian@globo.com

    2005-11-15

    Purpose: to asses the efficiency of the radioguided localization and removal of occult breast lesions using radiopharmaceuticals injected directly into the lesions or close to them with posterior air injection as a radiological control. Methods: twenty-nine consecutive patients with thirty-two occult breast lesions detected mammographically or by ultrasound, and categorized 3, 4 and 5 BI-RADS, were included in this observational study with results expressed in percentages. The radiopharmaceutical used was human serum albumin labeled with {sup 99m}Tc-HSA injected inside or close to the lesion using mammographic or ultrasonographic guidance. The injection of the radiopharmaceutical was followed immediately by air injection through the needle used for stereotaxis as a radiological control of the radiopharmaceutical placement. The excision biopsy was carried out with the aid of a hand-held gamma-detecting probe and the entire removal of the lesion was verified by X-ray of the surgical specimens or by intraoperative frozen section examination. Results: breast cancer was found in 10.0% (1/10) of the 3 BI-RADS lesions, in 31.5% (6/19) of the 4 BI-RADS and in 66.6% (2/3) of the 5 BI-RADS. The radiotracer was correctly positioned in 96.8% of the specimens (31/32) allowing the removal of also 96.8% of the studied non-palpable breast lesions. To show the entire removal, X-ray was used in 23 cases (71.8%), intraoperative frozen section study in 21.8% (7/32) and both methods in 6.2% (2/32). Conclusions: radioguided surgery showed to be an important tool in the removal of non-palpable breast lesions, as a simple, fast and feasible method that can be implemented in the clinical routine of these patients. (author)

  9. 超声引导下导丝定位在切除不可触及乳腺病变中的应用%Ultrasound-Guided Wire Localization for Locating and Removing Non-Palpable Breast Lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚峰; 万颖文; 李娟娟; 许志亮; 王冠楠; 司丕雷; 孙圣荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To compare needle localization with skin marker localization in the resection of non-palpable breast lesions. Methods: The clinical data of 206 patients who underwent an exci-sional biopsy for non-palpable breast lesions with ultrasound guided needle localization or skin marker locatization were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' clinic pictures, radiological abnormalities, localization time, operation time, weight of the excised specimen, resection index (a ratio between the resection volume and the tumor volume), clearance margins, and perioperative complications were assessed. Results: There were no difference between the two groups in terms of age, radiological abnormalities, and lesion size. Localization time was significantly reduced by skin marker localization. Otherwise, the duration of surgery was significantly reduced with the needle localization procedure. Both of the weight of the specimen and resection index were significantly lower in the needle localization group than in the skin marker localization group. The clearance margins and overall complication rate were similar for both groups. Conclusion: Our study suggested that the needle localization method is as effective as skin marker localization for the excision of non-palpable breast lesions. In addition, needle localization improved the outcomes by reducing operation time and preventing healthy tissue excision.%目的:比较超声引导乳腺病灶表面皮肤标记定位和超声引导下导丝定位两种定位方法在超声可及、临床不可及乳腺病灶切除术中的作用.方法:分析超声引导乳腺病灶表面皮肤标记定位和超声引导下导丝定位乳腺病灶后行开放手术切除病人的临床资料,比较其在定位率、定位时间、手术时间、标本重量、切除组织量/病灶组织量比值、手术标本切缘及并发症等方面的差异.结果:两组在病灶定位成功率上没有差别.超声引导乳腺病灶表面皮

  10. Management of the Solitary Pulmonary Nodule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Edward Y; Gaur, Puja; Ge, Yimin; Kopas, Lisa; Santacruz, Jose F; Gupta, Nakul; Munden, Reginald F; Cagle, Philip T; Kim, Min P

    2016-09-02

    Context .- Optimal management of the patient with a solitary pulmonary nodule entails early diagnosis and appropriate treatment for patients with malignant tumors, and minimization of unnecessary interventions and procedures for those with ultimately benign nodules. With the growing number of high-resolution imaging modalities and studies available, incidentally found solitary pulmonary nodules are an increasingly common occurrence. Objective .- To provide guidance to clinicians involved in the management of patients with a solitary pulmonary nodule, including aspects of risk stratification, workup, diagnosis, and management. Data Sources .- Data for this review were gathered from an extensive literature review on the topic. Conclusions .- Logical evaluation and management pathways for a patient with a solitary pulmonary nodule will allow providers to diagnose and treat individuals with early stage lung cancer and minimize morbidity from invasive procedures for patients with benign lesions.

  11. 乳腺X线立体定位活检方法的评价及选择%Stereotactic biopsy for non-palpable breast lesions: evaluation and choice of minimal invasive and excisional biopsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳光宇; 陈灿铭; 胡震; 凌泓; 沈坤炜; 沈镇宙; 邵志敏

    2006-01-01

    目的 对目前乳腺X线立体定位下常用的3种活检方法进行评价.方法 自2000年1月起,对361例乳腺病灶进行乳腺X线立体定位活检,其中弹射式空芯针活检(ST-CNB)73 例、真空辅助旋切活检(ST-VAB)74 例以及手术活检214 例.在中位随访时间为18 个月(6~66个月)时,比较3种X线立体定位活检方法的准确性以及临床应用特点.结果 乳腺X线立体定位手术活检、ST-CNB和ST-VAB诊断乳腺癌的漏诊率分别为0、2.7%和0.微创活检诊断乳腺导管上皮不典型增生的低估率为33%,诊断乳腺导管内癌的低估率为53%.微创活检在操作时间、对乳房外形的影响及并发症等方面明显优于手术活检.微创活检使69%的可疑病灶避免了手术.结论 乳腺X线立体定位微创活检,尤其是真空辅助旋切活检是一种准确、安全、简便的诊断方法,因此可作为乳腺X线中度可疑(BIRADS-4)病灶的首选诊断方法,但如果活检结果为不典型增生应进一步行X线立体定位手术活检;而对于高度可疑(BIRADS-5)病灶,宜直接选择手术活检诊断.

  12. Bumblebees and solitary bees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Casper Christian I

    Summary: The effects of farming system, flower resources and semi-natural habitats on bumblebees and solitary bees in intensively cultivated landscapes in Denmark were investigated in two sets of studies, in 2011 and 2012. The pan trap colour preferences of bumblebees and solitary bees were also...... assessed. In 2011, bumblebees and solitary bees were trapped in road verges bordering 14 organic (organic sites) and 14 conventional (conventional sites) winter wheat fields. The quantity and quality of local flower resources in the road verge and adjacent field headland were estimated as overall density...... use as a proxy at four different scales (250, 500, 750 and 1000 m). In 2012, the effect of a four-fold larger area of organic arable fields in simple, homogeneous landscapes on bumblebees and solitary bees was investigated in eight circular landscapes (radius 1000 m). Bumblebees and solitary bees were...

  13. Predictive values of Bi-Rads categories 3, 4 and 5 in non-palpable breast masses evaluated by mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging; Valores preditivos das categorias 3, 4 e 5 do sistema Bi-Rads em lesoes mamarias nodulares nao-palpaveis avaliadas por mamografia, ultra-sonografia e ressonancia magnetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roveda Junior, Decio; Fleury, Eduardo de Castro Faria [Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas. Servico de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: decio.jr@uol.com.br; Piato, Sebastiao [Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Obstetricia e Ginecologia. Clinica Ginecologica; Oliveira, Vilmar Marques de [Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Obstetricia e Ginecologia. Ginecologia Geral; Rinaldi, Jose Francisco [Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Obstetricia e Ginecologia. Clinica de Mastologia; Ferreira, Carlos Alberto Pecci [Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas. Dept. de Clinica Medica. Servico de Imagenologia Mamaria

    2007-03-15

    Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of BI-RADS{sup TM} categories 3, 4 and 5 in non-palpable breast masses assessed by mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Materials And Methods: Twenty-nine patients with BI-RADS categories 3, 4 and 5 non-palpable breast masses identified by mammograms were submitted to complementary ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging studies, besides excisional biopsy. In total, 30 biopsies were performed. The lesions as well as their respective BI-RADS classification into 3, 4 and 5 were correlated with the histopathological results. The predictive values calculation was made by means of specific mathematical equations. Results: Negative predictive values for category 3 were: mammography, 69.23%; ultrasound, 70.58%; and magnetic resonance imaging, 100%. Positive predictive values for category 4 were: mammography, 63.63%; ultrasound, 50%; and magnetic resonance imaging, 30.76%. For category 5, positive predictive values were: mammography and ultrasound, 100%; and magnetic resonance imaging, 92.85%. Conclusion: For category 3, the negative predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging was high, and for categories 4 and 5, the positive predictive values of the three modalities were moderate. (author)

  14. Solitary Tibial Osteolytic Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilios E. Pakos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report an unusual case of solitary osteolytic tibial metastasis from a primary endometrial cancer in a 62-year-old woman. The primary cancer was treated with total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy combined with postoperative external beam radiotherapy, while the tibial metastasis was treated with an above knee amputation. The rarity of the case lies on the fact that metastases distally to the elbow and knee are uncommon and endometrial cancer rarely gives distal bone metastases and particularly solitary to the extremities.

  15. Solitary midbrain metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ongerboer de Visser, B W; Moffie, D

    1981-01-01

    The available clinical and pathological data of 5 cases with solitary midbrain metastasis including 2 of the present study are reviewed. Progressive dementia occurred in one case and mild dementia in another who also developed ocular symptoms. Ocular symptoms with sensory and coordination disturbances were seen in one, and only ocular symptoms in another case. Right-sided hemiplegia of 5 years duration occurred in the remaining case. Survival in tegmentum lesions is short.

  16. Solitary intraosseous neurofibroma of mandible.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek N

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary intraosseous neurofibroma is a rare benign non-odontogenic tumor. Although neurofibromas occur predominantly as a feature of neurofibromatosis affecting the soft tissue, a few cases of solitary intraosseous neurofibromas of the jaw have been reported. We herewith report a case of solitary intraosseous neurofibroma of mandible in a middle-aged woman with a discussion on its clinical, radiological, and histopathological presentation along with review of cases.

  17. Solitary eyelid schwannoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renu M Magdum

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Schwannomas are rare benign tumors arising from Schwann cells of peripheral nerves that form the neural sheath. While there have been reports of such tumors in the orbit, solitary schwannomas arising from the eyelids are very rare. There are reports of schwannomas being erroneously diagnosed as chalazion, inclusion cysts or even eyelid malignancy. We are reporting a case of a 20-year-old female who presented with a painless, non-tender, slow-growing mass in the upper eyelid of the right eye. The external appearance of the mass was suggestive of an implantation cyst of the eyelid and it could be completely excised as it had a well-defined capsule. Histopathological examination showed characteristic hypercellular and hypocellular areas with fusiform nuclei that tended to form palisades. The purpose of reporting this case of schwannoma in a young female is to recommend the inclusion of this entity as a differential diagnosis of well-defined lid tumors.

  18. Solitary Polypoid Laryngeal Xanthoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Vera-Sempere

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 51-year-old male smoker with diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidaemia and a long history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV infection treated with various antiretroviral regimes, who was referred to the otolaryngology department with progressive dysphonia. Fibre-optic laryngoscopy showed a solitary, yellowish-white pedunculated polyp on the anterior third of the left cord, with no other abnormality. Pathological analysis revealed a polypoid laryngeal xanthoma that was immunoreactive against CD68, perilipin, and adipophilin. This unusual laryngeal lesion in the clinical context of our patient suggests a possible role of antiretroviral treatment in the pathogenesis of these xanthomas.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manlio Mencoboni

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm which may be found everywhere in the body. It is now distinguished into two forms, pleural and extrapleural, which morphologically resemble each other. Abdomi­nal localizations are quite rare, with 10 cases only reported in bladder; rarely they can be source of paraneoplastic syndromes (i.e., hypoglycemia secondary to insulin-like growth factor. In April 2006 a 74-year-old white male presented with chills, diaphoresis and acute abdominal pain with hematuria. At admission in emergency he underwent an abdominal X-ray (no pathological findings and an ultrasound examination of the kidneys and urinary tract, which revealed a pelvic hyperechogenic neoformation measuring approximately 10¥8¥7 cm, compressing the bladder. Blood chemistry at admission revealed only a mild neutrophilic leucocytosis (WBC 16600, N 80%, L 11%, elevated fibrinogen and ESR, and hypoglycemia (38 mg/dL. Macro­scopic hematuria was evident, while urinocolture was negative. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and pelvic region revealed a large round neoformation dislocating the bladder, with an evident contrast-enhanced periphery and a central necrotic area. Continuous infusion of glucose 5% solution was necessary in order to maintain blood glucose levels above 50 mg/dL. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of an ovoidal mass coated by adipose tissue, with well delimited margins; histological findings were consistent with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT. Hypoglycemia resolved completely with removal of the growth. In this case report we describe a SFT growing in the bladder, a quite rare localization, which presented a unique hypoglycemia. In contrast to the majority of cases reported in the literature, the behavior of this SFT was not aggressive, and, since the patient is still alive, surgical resection was considered conclusive.

  20. 全数字化X线立体定位及活体组织检查对诊治乳腺不可触及病变的价值%Diagnostic value of fully digital X-ray stereotactic needle localized and biopsy in non-palpable breast lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉年; 秦建伟; 韦达; 王慧华; 徐新宇; 顾慷; 秦锦霞

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨全数字化X线立体定位及活体组织检查对临床不可触及乳腺病变(NPBL)的诊断及应用价值。方法95例临床触诊阴性乳腺数字钼靶摄片发现微小病变。乳腺影像报告和数据系统(BI-RADS)分级4或4以上。27例行立体定位穿刺活检(SCNB);68例行立体定位下导丝引导活检(SNLB)。结果27例SCNB,25例病理结果一致,2例病理结果低估,活检符合率92%。68例SNLB均定位成功,病变完全切除,符合率100%。结论 SCNB使乳腺良性病变切取数目降到最低,创伤小、费用低,诊断准确率高。SNLB获得的病理诊断准确、可靠。两者相比较SNLB弥补了SCNB的取材不足及假阴性,能够获得可靠的病理结果,一次同时完成诊断和治疗。%Objective To discuss the diagnostic value of digital stereotactic core needle biopsy (SCNB)and stereotactic needle localized biopsy(SNLB)for non-palpable breast lesion (NPBL). Methods Ninety-five cases having imaging abnormalities yet with non-palpable breast lesions, breast imaging reporting and date system (BI-RADS) grad-ing asⅣand above Ⅳ. Twenty-seven cases having been stereotactic core needle biopsy (SCNB). Sixty-eight cases having been stereotactic needle localized biopsy (SNLB). Results Twenty-seven cases having been stereotactic core needle biopsy (SCNB). Twenty-five cases pathologic of biopsy specimen were confirmative successful (92%). Two cases pathologic of biopsy specimen were underestimated. Sixty-eight cases had been stereotactic needle localized biopsy, 68 lesions were successful localized and completely excised with pathologic of biopsy specimen were confirma-tive successful (100%). Conclusion The SCNB of NPBL is taken to minimize the number of breast benign lesions, small trauma and a little cost,high diagnostic accuracy. The SNLB of NPBL is an accurate and reliable method for detection of early breast lesions. By comparison SNLB make up for the

  1. 簇状钙化对乳腺触诊阴性的良恶性病变的鉴别诊断价值%The value of clustered calcifications on mammography in the differential diagnosis of benignancy or malignancy in non-palpable breast lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤梅; 汤发; 龚柳燕

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the significance of clustered calcifications on mammography in the differential diagno sis of benignancy or malignancy in non-palpable breast lesions. Methods:The characteristics of clustered calcifications on mammography in 62 patients with non palpable breast lesion was retrospectively analyzed. All were surgically and patholog ically proven with guide wire placement under stereotactic mammography before operation. Results: Of the 62 cases with clustered calcifications,there were malignant lesions (20 cases) and benign lesions (42 cases). Among the malignant le sions,none of them showed Type Tcalcification,there were Type HI calcification (5 cases) ,Type TV calcification (10 ca ses) and Type V calcification ( 5 cases). Of the benign lesions,there were Type TV calcification (20 cases) ,Type Iff calcifi cation (19 cases) ,Type TV calcification (3 cases) ,none of them showed Type V calcification. Of the malignant calcification, there were even density (2 cases) ,uneven density (18 cases) ;Of benign calcification,even density was showed in 35 cases, uneven density in seven cases. Significant statistical difference was existed in the morphology, concentration, evenness of density and the total number of calcification between benign and malignant lesions (P0. 05). Conclusion:The morphology,concen tration, evenness of density, and the number of calcifications showed important significance in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions.%目的:探讨簇状钙化对乳腺触诊阴性的良恶性病变的鉴别诊断价值.方法:回顾性分析62例临床触诊阴性而乳腺X线表现为簇状钙化病例的X线表现,全部病例均经术前立体定位放置导丝下手术病理证实.结果:62例簇状钙化病例中恶性病变20例,良性病变42例;恶性病变中无Ⅱ型钙化,Ⅲ型钙化5例,Ⅳ型钙化10例,Ⅴ型钙化5例;良性病变中Ⅱ型钙化20例,Ⅲ型钙化19例,Ⅳ型钙化3

  2. Solitary mastocytoma in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain V

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A 24-year old female developed late onset solitary mastocytoma on the left forearm. She complained of intense pruritus off and on which was not associated with flushing of face and blister formation over the nodule. Darier′s sign was positive. Excisional biopsy was done and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis.

  3. Solitary waves and homoclinic orbits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balmforth, N.J.

    1994-03-01

    The notion that fluid motion often organizes itself into coherent structures has increasingly permeated modern fluid dynamics. Such localized objects appear in laminar flows and persist in turbulent states; from the water on windows on rainy days, to the circulations in planetary atmospheres. This review concerns solitary waves in fluids. More specifically, it centres around the mathematical description of solitary waves in a single spatial dimension. Moreover, it concentrates on strongly dissipative dynamics, rather than integrable systems like the KdV equation. One-dimensional solitary waves, or pulses and fronts as they are also called, are the simplest kinds of coherent structure (at least from a geometrical point of view). Nevertheless, their dynamics can be rich and complicated. In some circumstances this leads to the formation of spatio-temporal chaos in the systems giving birth to the solitary waves, and understanding that phenomenon is one of the major goals in the theory outlined in this review. Unfortunately, such a goal is far from achieved to date, and the author assess its current status and incompleteness.

  4. Solitary pulmonary nodule and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT. Part 1: epidemiology, morphological evaluation and cancer probability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosmann, Marcos Pretto; Borba, Marcelle Alves; Macedo, Francisco Pires Negromonte; Liguori, Adriano de Araujo Lima; Villarim Neto, Arthur, E-mail: mosmann@gmail.com [Liga Norte Riograndense Contra o Cancer, Natal, RN (Brazil); Lima, Kenio Costa de [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Saude Coletiva

    2016-01-15

    Solitary pulmonary nodule corresponds to a common radiographic finding, which is frequently detected incidentally. The investigation of this entity remains complex, since characteristics of benign and malignant processes overlap in the differential diagnosis. Currently, many strategies are available to evaluate solitary pulmonary nodules with the main objective of characterizing benign lesions as best as possible, while avoiding to expose patients to the risks inherent to invasive methods, besides correctly detecting cases of lung cancer so as the potential curative treatment is not delayed. This first part of the study focuses on the epidemiology, the morphological evaluation and the methods to determine the likelihood of cancer in cases of indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule. (author)

  5. Solitary angiokeratoma of the tongue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sion-Vardy, Netta; Manor, Esther; Puterman, Max; Bodner, Lipa

    2008-01-01

    Angiokeratoma is a rare cutaneous lesion. It can be either a generalized systemic form, presenting as multiple asymptomatic papules on the skin, associated with metabolic diseases or a solitary cutaneous form. Oral cavity involvement is more common in the systemic form, as a part of a more generalized cutaneous disease, but very rare in the localized form of angiokeratoma. A 45-year-old female presented with a painless lesion on the tongue of one months duration, which bled occasionally. On clinical examination, a lesion of approximately 5 mm in diameter was observed on the left surface of the tongue. The lesion was purple in color with a granulomatous appearance. There were no other changes in the oral mucosa. On dermatologic examination, no angiokeratomas were found, anywhere on the skin. The lesion was excised under local anesthesia. The histologic diagnosis was angiokeratoma. A case of a solitary angiokeratoma of the tongue is reported. We report here the third intra-oral case and the second case in the tongue with solitary angiokeratoma.

  6. Multi-component optical solitary waves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kivshar, Y. S.; Sukhorukov, A. A.; Ostrovskaya, E. A.

    2000-01-01

    We discuss several novel types of multi-component (temporal and spatial) envelope solitary waves that appear in fiber and waveguide nonlinear optics. In particular, we describe multi-channel solitary waves in bit-parallel-wavelength fiber transmission systems for highperformance computer networks......, multi-color parametric spatial solitary waves due to cascaded nonlinearities of quadratic materials, and quasiperiodic envelope solitons due to quasi-phase-matching in Fibonacci optical superlattices. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved....

  7. Carcinomas não-palpáveis da mama: avaliação e experiência com protocolo específico para estudo anatomopatológico Non-palpable breast cancer: evaluation and experience with a specific protocol for histopathologic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rair Geraldo Richard Xavier

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Nós desenvolvemos um protocolo de estudo para exame de carcinomas não-palpáveis da mama detectados por mamografia com ênfase na avaliação das margens cirúrgicas. METODOLOGIA: Revimos nossa experiência na aplicação do protocolo em 52 espécimes examinados por seis residentes e orientados por um patologista especialista em mama. Todos os espécimes foram submetidos a mamografia, a qual orientou o exame macroscópico. Os espécimes foram pintados e seccionados obedecendo-se às referências anatômicas e de acordo com seu tamanho. Espécimes 3cm foram seccionados radialmente, sendo processado um mínimo de seis fragmentos, com registro no mapa de clivagem. RESULTADOS: A maioria das cirurgias (40 casos; 76,6% foi realizada para diagnóstico e 12 (23,4% com finalidade terapêutica. Foram obtidos em média 7,4 blocos por espécime. Carcinoma ductal in situ (CDIS, isolado ou em associação com carcinoma ductal invasor, foi o tipo histológico mais freqüente (35/52 casos; 67,3%. Os tumores variaram de 0,1 a 4cm (média de 1,14cm. As margens foram positivas em 22 casos (42,2%. O tipo histológico mais comum nas margens foi o CDIS (12/22 casos. Foram reexcisados 33 casos, dos quais 17 tinham tumor residual (48,5%, a maioria de espécimes com fins diagnósticos. CONCLUSÃO: Nosso protocolo foi considerado de fácil uso pelos residentes. Embora não seja de baixo custo, devido ao tempo de exame, ao grande número de secções realizadas e por poder resultar em procedimento cirúrgico em dois tempos, ele é seguro para o diagnóstico e eficiente para a detecção de margens comprometidas.INTRODUCTION: We developed a study protocol for the examination of non-palpable breast carcinomas detected by mammography with emphasis on evaluation of surgical margins. METHODOLOGY: We reviewed our experience applying the protocol to 52 specimens evaluated by six residents oriented by a breast pathologist. All specimens were submitted to

  8. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marak, Creticus P; Dorokhova, Olena; Guddati, Achuta K

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is a rare tumor of mesenchymal origin which can grow to a large size and present with symptoms of cough and pleuritic chest pain. No specific etiological factors for SFTPs are known and they may grow undetected for several years. These tumors are usually benign and may mimic a variety of malignancies. SFTPs are often detected as peripheral opacities on chest X-ray. Unfortunately, fine needle aspiration rarely provides adequate information for a definitive diagnosis. Imaging with computed tomography provides details about the size and extent of any invasion into adjacent tissues. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, and immunohistochemistry of the resected tumor often provides confirmation of the diagnosis. Some SFTPs have been observed to be malignant, and surgical intervention is often lifesaving. There is no adequate data to support the usage of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of SFTPs. This tumor exemplifies malignancies which require surgical resection to preempt worse outcomes. Awareness of their presentation and clinical course may help the clinician provide a prompt referral to the thoracic surgeon for resection.

  9. [Solitary plasmocytoma of the mandible].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurent, F; Chausse, J M; Toccanier, M F; Kuffer, R

    1985-01-01

    The authors present a case of solitary bony plasmocytoma of the mandibule, with local amyloid deposition. Diagnosis was made at extemporaneous pathological examination, then confirmed by the examination of the fixed surgical sample. Immunoenzymologically the proliferation proved to be monoclonal, with secretion of kappa light chain. The patient was treated by surgical curettage and homologous cancelous bone filling, followed by 5,500 rads of electrontherapy. He was then regularly controlled during 8 years and remained free from local recurrence. All investigations in search of dissemination (Kahler disease) remained negative.

  10. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Stomach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Qulsoom; Shafique, Khurram; Hurairah, Abu; Grossman, Evan B.

    2017-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that usually originates from the pleura, but has been reported in other extrapleural locations. We report a rare case of a solitary fibrous tumor of the stomach, which was successfully treated with endoscopic mucosal resection. PMID:28286800

  11. Solitary intraosseous neurofibroma of the tibia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Guo-Shu; Chang, Wei-Chou; Juan, Chun-Jung; Chen, Cheng-Yu. [National Defense Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, Neihu 114, Taipei (Taiwan); Lee, Chian-Her [National Defense Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, Neihu 114, Taipei (Taiwan); Lee, Herng-Sheng [National Defense Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Tri-Service General Hospital, Neihu 114, Taipei (Taiwan)

    2005-05-01

    A solitary intraosseous neurofibroma is rare and mostly occurs in the mandible. We report a case of a solitary intraosseous neurofibroma of the tibia. The radiographic findings were nonspecific and showed an eccentrically located, osteolytic lesion with a thin sclerotic border in the diaphysis of the left proximal tibia. The entity of intraosseous neurofibroma is briefly reviewed. (orig.)

  12. Solitary Waves in Relativistic Electromagnetic Plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Bai-Song; HUA Cun-Cai

    2005-01-01

    Solitary waves in relativistic electromagnetic plasmas are obtained numerically. The longitudinal momentum of electrons has been taken into account in the problem. It is found that in the moving frame with electromagnetic field propagating the solitary waves can exist in both cases, where the vector potential frequency is larger or smaller than the plasma characteristic frequency.

  13. Solitary pulmonary nodule and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Part 2: accuracy, cost-effectiveness, and current recommendations*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosmann, Marcos Pretto; Borba, Marcelle Alves; de Macedo, Francisco Pires Negromonte; Liguori, Adriano de Araujo Lima; Villarim Neto, Arthur; de Lima, Kenio Costa

    2016-01-01

    A solitary pulmonary nodule is a common, often incidental, radiographic finding. The investigation and differential diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules remain complex, because there are overlaps between the characteristics of benign and malignant processes. There are currently many strategies for evaluating solitary pulmonary nodules. The main objective is to identify benign lesions, in order to avoid exposing patients to the risks of invasive methods, and to detect cases of lung cancer accurately, in order to avoid delaying potentially curative treatment. The focus of this study was to review the evaluation of solitary pulmonary nodules, to discuss the current role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography, addressing its accuracy and cost-effectiveness, and to detail the current recommendations for the examination in this scenario. PMID:27141133

  14. Paradoxical Decrease in the size of Two of 54 BI-RADS Category 5 Non-Palpable Breast MASSES After FNA. analysis of Cytohistological changes Attributable to FNA and Possible Mammographic and Echographic Repurcussions; Disinucion paradojica del tamno en dos de 54 masas mamarias no palpable BI-RADS V tras las realizacion de una PAAF. Analisis de los cambios citohistologicos atribuibles a la PAAF y su posible repercusion mamografica y ecografica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Echevarria, J. J.; Lopez, J. A.; Aguirre, I.; Fernandez, Z.; Aperribay, A.; Saiz, A. [Hospital de Galdakao. Galdakao. Vizcaya (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    To analyze mammographic and echographic changes observed in suspicious breast masses previously studied by means of Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA), and the latter's hypothetical relationship to tissular changes attributable to such intervention. We evaluated 54 BI-RADS category 5 non-palpable masses detected in routine mimeographs, on which were performed surgical biopsies after having undergone FNA. We studied all mammographic and echographic findings, as well as tumor sizes, before and after puncture. We also checked all surgical biopsies in order to verify histological changes likely provoked by FNA. We analysed 3 ductal carcinomas in situ, 50 infiltrating neoplasia and one fibroadenoma. Only in 2 infiltrating carcinomas did we observe paradoxical changes such as size reduction in the mammography and echography after FNA, Nevertheless, in anatomopathological studies we found changes attributable to puncture in 18 cases, all involving inflammatory reactions and 3 of which showed necrosis. Inflammatory phenomena or tumor necrosis which can reasonably be attributed to FNA may on occasion be associated with radiological changes such as size reduction in the masses being studies. (Author) 27 refs.

  15. Acurácia diagnóstica da biópsia percutânea com agulha grossa orientada por estereotaxia nas lesões mamárias categoria BI-RADS® 4 Diagnostic accuracy of stereotactic core-needle biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions categorized as BI-RADS® 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Silvia Petty Moutinho

    2007-12-01

    positivo, orienta o planejamento terapêutico, e, quando negativo (em imagens radiográficas de baixa suspeição, permite o acompanhamento.PURPOSE: to assess the accuracy (rate of correct predictions of stereotactic core needle biopsy (CNB of risk category BI-RADS® 4 breast lesions. METHODS: a retrospective analysis of category BI-RADS® 4 breast lesions that had been submitted to a stereotactic core-needle biopsy from June 1998 to June 2003. Patients with histological benign results consistent with the radiographic image were referred to mammographic follow-up. Patients with malign diagnosis and papillary lesions were submitted to standard specific treatment. Excisional biopsies were performed when results were benign, but in disagreement with the mammographic image. It was considered as a gold-standard attendance: (1 the mammographic follow-up of low suspicion lesions with benign results at CNB, which stayed unchanged for, at least, three years, and (2 surgical resection when specimen results were malign or benign, but with a high suspicion on mammography. Sensitivity (S specificity (E and overall accuracy of stereotactic CNB were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: among the 118 non-palpable lesions of category BI-RADS® 4 submitted to CNB, the results obtained were: 27 malign cases, 81 benign, and ten lesions with atypical or papillary lesions. The statistical analysis comprised 108 patients (atypical and papillary lesions were excluded. CNB sensitivity was 87.1% and specificity 100%. The positive predictive value was 100% and the negative, 95.1%. False negatives occurred in 3.7% (4/108 of cases. The prevalence of malign diagnostics in the BI-RADS® 4 lesions of this sample was 29.7 (31/118.The accuracy of this method in this casuistic was 96.3%. CONCLUSIONS: these results support stereotactic CNB as an extremely reliable alternative to open biopsy, in the diagnosis and definition of breast lesions. In positive results, it is possible to indicate the appropriate therapy

  16. Transversally periodic solitary gravity–capillary waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milewski, Paul A.; Wang, Zhan

    2014-01-01

    When both gravity and surface tension effects are present, surface solitary water waves are known to exist in both two- and three-dimensional infinitely deep fluids. We describe here solutions bridging these two cases: travelling waves which are localized in the propagation direction and periodic in the transverse direction. These transversally periodic gravity–capillary solitary waves are found to be of either elevation or depression type, tend to plane waves below a critical transverse period and tend to solitary lumps as the transverse period tends to infinity. The waves are found numerically in a Hamiltonian system for water waves simplified by a cubic truncation of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator. This approximation has been proved to be very accurate for both two- and three-dimensional computations of fully localized gravity–capillary solitary waves. The stability properties of these waves are then investigated via the time evolution of perturbed wave profiles. PMID:24399922

  17. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Uterus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Wei Chu

    2006-12-01

    Conclusion: The behavior of solitary fibrous tumors arising from the uterus is difficult to evaluate; therefore, complete surgical excision featuring clear margins and comprehensive follow-up is recommended.

  18. Conservative numerical methods for solitary wave interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, A; Lopez-Marcos, M A [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada y Computacion, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, Paseo del Prado de la Magdalena s/n, 47005 Valladolid (Spain)

    2003-07-18

    The purpose of this paper is to show the advantages that represent the use of numerical methods that preserve invariant quantities in the study of solitary wave interactions for the regularized long wave equation. It is shown that the so-called conservative methods are more appropriate to study the phenomenon and provide a dynamic point of view that allows us to estimate the changes in the parameters of the solitary waves after the collision.

  19. Correlação radiológica e histológica de lesões mamárias não-palpáveis em pacientes submetidas a marcação pré-cirúrgica, utilizando-se o sistema BI-RADS Radiological and histological correlation of non-palpable breast lesions in patients submitted to preoperative marking according to BI-RADS classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaneska de Carvalho Melhado

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar as categorias 3, 4 e 5 da classificação BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System como fator preditivo para malignidade, correlacionando os achados mamográficos e histológicos em lesões não-palpáveis da mama. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo analítico descritivo de 169 mulheres submetidas a biópsia cirúrgica, após localização estereotáxica de lesões mamárias não-palpáveis. As mamografias dessas pacientes foram classificadas de acordo com a quarta edição do BI-RADS, avaliando-se as categorias 3, 4 (A, B e C e 5. Correlacionaram-se os achados mamográficos com os exames histológicos das lesões, avaliando-se o valor preditivo positivo em cada categoria. RESULTADOS: No total de 169 casos, foram diagnosticados 42 casos de câncer (24,8%. Destes, houve apenas um caso na categoria 3, 19 casos na categoria 4 e 22 casos na categoria 5. Os valores preditivos positivos para as categorias 3, 4A, 4B, 4C e 5 foram, respectivamente, de 3,4%, 10,3%, 11,3%, 36% e 91,7%. As microcalcificações foram o achado mais freqüente relacionado à doença maligna, ocorrendo em 61,5% do total. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo demonstrou que a classificação BI-RADS permite predizer com segurança que há alta suspeição de malignidade para achados classificados na categoria 5 e diminuta chance para os achados da categoria 3. Quanto à categoria 4, foi constatada elevação progressiva dos valores preditivos positivos nas subcategorias A, B e C, mostrando que esta subdivisão contribui de forma mais detalhada e precisa na indicação de lesões suspeitas para malignidade.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the positive predictive value for BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System categories 3, 4 and 5, correlating mammographic and histological diagnosis in non-palpable breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytical-descriptive study of 169 women submitted to stereotactic localization for surgical biopsy of non-palpable breast lesions

  20. Progression of solitary and multifocal papillary thyroid carcinoma— a retrospective study of 368 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Xiang-qian; WANG Chen; XU Meng; YU Yang; YUN Xin-wei; JIA Yong-sheng; WEI Song-feng; REN Xiu-bao; GAO Ming

    2012-01-01

    Background Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) represents one of the most frequent endocrine malignancies.Several factors have been found to be involved in determining the outcome of treatment for patients with PTC.Large tumor size,diagnosis at an early age,extra-thyroidal invasion,aggressive histological variants,and distant metastases are the most important determinants of a poor outcome.BRAFv600E mutation has been found to be a major genetic alteration in PTC.This study aimed to evaluate progression in patients with multifocal and solitary PTC.Methods We performed a retrospective study to analyze 368 patients with PTC who underwent surgery,including 282 patients with solitary PTC and 86 patients with multifocal PTC.The status of BRAFv600E mutation in all tumor foci from multifocal PTC was detected.Results Our study suggested that multifocal PTC was more related to lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion than solitary PTC.However,the distant metastasis rate and 10-year survival rate showed no difference between these two groups.The number of tumor foci did not affect progression of disease in multifocal PTC patients.Lymph node metastasis in multifocal PTC patients was associated with larger tumors,diagnosis at early stage,and extra-thyroidal invasion.Conclusion The status of BRAFv600E mutation was more frequent in multifocal PTC patients with lymph node metastasis and diagnosis at later age.

  1. Colloidal solitary waves with temperature dependent compressibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azmi, A.; Marchant, T. R.

    2014-05-01

    Spatial solitary waves which form in colloidal suspensions of dielectric nanoparticles are considered. The interactions, or compressibility, of the colloidal particles, is modelled using a series in the particle density, or packing fraction, where the virial, or series, coefficients depend on the type of particle interaction model. Both the theoretical hard disk and sphere repulsive models, and a model with temperature dependent compressibility, are considered. Experimental results show that particle interactions can be temperature dependent and either repulsive or attractive in nature, so we model the second virial coefficient using a physically realistic temperature power law. One- and two-dimensional semi-analytical colloidal solitary wave solutions are found. Trial functions, based on the form of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation soliton, are used, together with averaging, to develop the semi-analytical solutions. When the background packing fraction is low, the one-dimensional solitary waves have three solutions branches (with a bistable regime) while the two-dimensional solitary waves have two solution branches, with a single stable branch. The temperature dependent second virial coefficient results in changes to the solitary wave properties and the parameter space, in which multiple solutions branches occur. An excellent comparison is found between the semi-analytical and numerical solutions.

  2. Adjustable solitary waves in electroactive rods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y. Z.; Zhang, C. L.; Dai, H.-H.; Chen, W. Q.

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents an asymptotic analysis of solitary waves propagating in an incompressible isotropic electroactive circular rod subjected to a biasing longitudinal electric displacement. Several asymptotic expansions are introduced to simplify the rod governing equations. The boundary conditions on the lateral surface of the rod are satisfied from the asymptotic point of view. In the limit of finite-small amplitude and long wavelength, a set of ten simplified one-dimensional nonlinear governing equations is established. To validate our approach and the derivation, we compare the linear dispersion relation with the one directly derived from the three-dimensional linear theory in the limit of long wavelength. Then, by the reductive perturbation method, we deduce the far-field equation (i.e. the KdV equation). Finally, the leading order of the electroelastic solitary wave solution is presented. Numerical examples are provided to show the influences of the biasing electric displacement and material constants on the solitary waves. It is found that the biasing electric displacement can modulate the velocity of solitary waves with a prescribed amplitude in the electroactive rod, a very interesting result which may promote the particular application of solitary waves in solids with multi-field coupling.

  3. Solitary Spinal Epidural Metastasis from Gastric Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taisei Sako

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary epidural space metastasis of a malignant tumor is rare. We encountered a 79-year-old male patient with solitary metastatic epidural tumor who developed paraplegia and dysuria. The patient had undergone total gastrectomy for gastric cancer followed by chemotherapy 8 months priorly. The whole body was examined for suspected metastatic spinal tumor, but no metastases of the spine or important organs were observed, and a solitary mass was present in the thoracic spinal epidural space. The mass was excised for diagnosis and treatment and was histopathologically diagnosed as metastasis from gastric cancer. No solitary metastatic epidural tumor from gastric cancer has been reported in English. Among the Japanese, 3 cases have been reported, in which the outcome was poor in all cases and no definite diagnosis could be made before surgery in any case. Our patient developed concomitant pneumonia after surgery and died shortly after the surgery. When a patient has a past medical history of malignant tumor, the possibility of a solitary metastatic tumor in the epidural space should be considered.

  4. Intraoral solitary neurofibroma in an infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narwal Anjali

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurofibroma is a non-circumscribed, thick and irregular benign tumor of the peripheral nerve sheath. On the skin, the diffuse and soft nature of neurofibroma often resembles "a bag of worms". It can develop at any point along a nerve and often form by late adolescence. Although neurofibromas occur predominantly as a feature of neurofibromatosis affecting the soft tissue, a few cases of solitary intraoral neurofibromas have also been reported. Solitary intraosseous neurofibroma in the oral cavity is a rare benign tumor with very few cases reported in literature. This case report presents a case of intraosseous solitary neurofibroma of maxilla in a 5-month-old male child due to the rarity of this tumor at this site in very early age, along with a discussion of its clinical, radiological, and histopathological presentation.

  5. A radiographic study of solitary bone cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyung Rak; Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Division of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-02-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of 23 cases of solitary bone cyst by means of the analysis of radiographs and biopsy specimens in 23 persons visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University and Chunbuk National University. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The incidence of solitary bone cyst was almost equal in males (52.2%) and in females(42.8%) and the prevalent age of the solitary bone cyst were the second decade (47.8%) and the third decade (21.7%). 2. In the signs and symptoms of solitary bone cyst, pain or tenderness revealed in 17.4%, swelling revealed in 13.0%, pain and swelling revealed in 21.7%, paresthesia revealed in 4.4% and 43.5% were a symptom and the tooth vitality involved in the solitary bone cyst, 76.5% were posterior and 23.5% were either positive or negative. 3. In the location of the solitary bone cyst, 47.8% present posterior region, 21.7% present anterior region, 21.6% present anterior and posterior region, 4.4% present condylar process area. 4. In the hyperostotic border of the solitary bone cyst, 47.8% were seen entirely, 21.8% were seen partially, and 30.4% were not seen. 5. In the change of tooth, 59.1% were loss of the alveolar lamina dura, 13.6% were root resorption 4.55% were tooth displacement, 4.55% were root resorption and tooth displacement. 6. In the change of cortical bone of the solitary bone cyst, 39.1% were intact and 60.9% were thinning and expansion of cortical bone. 7. In the histopathologic findings of 9 cases, 33.3% were thin connective tissue wall, 11.1% were thickened myxo-fibromatous wall, 55.6% were thickened myxofibromatous wall with dysplastic bone formation.

  6. Uphill solitary waves in granular flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, E.; Pérez-Penichet, C.; Sotolongo-Costa, O.; Ramos, O.; Måløy, K. J.; Douady, S.; Altshuler, E.

    2007-03-01

    We have experimentally observed uphill solitary waves in the surface flow on a granular material. A heap is constructed by injecting sand between two vertical glass plates separated by a distance much larger than the average grain size, with an open boundary. As the heap reaches the open boundary, solitary fluctuations appear on the flowing layer and move “up the hill” (i.e., against the direction of the flow). We explain the phenomenon in the context of stop-and-go traffic models.

  7. Solitary pulmonary nodule and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Part 1: epidemiology, morphological evaluation and cancer probability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Pretto Mosmann

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Solitary pulmonary nodule corresponds to a common radiographic finding, which is frequently detected incidentally. The investigation of this entity remains complex, since characteristics of benign and malignant processes overlap in the differential diagnosis. Currently, many strategies are available to evaluate solitary pulmonary nodules with the main objective of characterizing benign lesions as best as possible, while avoiding to expose patients to the risks inherent to invasive methods, besides correctly detecting cases of lung cancer so as the potential curative treatment is not delayed. This first part of the study focuses on the epidemiology, the morfological evaluation and the methods to determine the likelihood of cancer in cases of indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule.

  8. Solitary pulmonary nodule and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT. Part 2: accuracy, cost-effectiveness, and current recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosmann, Marcos Pretto; Borba, Marcelle Alves; Macedo, Francisco Pires Negromonte de; Liguori, Adriano de Araujo Lima; Villarim Neto, Arthur [Liga Norte-Riograndense Contra o Cancer, Natal, RN (Brazil); Lima, Kenio Costa de, E-mail: mosmann@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Saude Coletiva

    2016-03-15

    A solitary pulmonary nodule is a common, often incidental, radiographic finding. The investigation and differential diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules remain complex, because there are overlaps between the characteristics of benign and malignant processes. There are currently many strategies for evaluating solitary pulmonary nodules. The main objective is to identify benign lesions, in order to avoid exposing patients to the risks of invasive methods, and to detect cases of lung cancer accurately, in order to avoid delaying potentially curative treatment. The focus of this study was to review the evaluation of solitary pulmonary nodules, to discuss the current role of {sup 18}F fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography, addressing its accuracy and cost-effectiveness, and to detail the current recommendations for the examination in this scenario. (author)

  9. From bell-shaped solitary wave to W/M-shaped solitary wave solutions in an integrable nonlinear wave equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Aiyong Chen; Jibin Li; Chunhai Li; Yuanduo Zhang

    2010-01-01

    The bifurcation theory of dynamical systems is applied to an integrable non-linear wave equation. As a result, it is pointed out that the solitary waves of this equation evolve from bell-shaped solitary waves to W/M-shaped solitary waves when wave speed passes certain critical wave speed. Under different parameter conditions, all exact explicit parametric representations of solitary wave solutions are obtained.

  10. VARIATION IN PRACTICE OF THE DIAGNOSTIC WORKUP OF ASYMPTOMATIC PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH INVASIVE BREAST CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anees eChagpar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Breast cancer is frequently diagnosed, yet variation remains in terms of practice patterns in presurgical workup. We sought to determine factors associated with this variation.Methods:An anonymous web-based survey was distributed to surgeons regarding their practices. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS.Results:253 surgeons responded to the survey. 17.0% were in academic practice, 37.5%% were hospital employed, and 41.5% were in private practice. 53.3% claimed that > 50% of their practice was breast-related. Surgeons were asked how often they would use various tests in the workup of an otherwise healthy asymptomatic patients, presenting with a non-palpable mammographic abnormality and a core needle biopsy showing invasive breast cancer. 23.5% stated they always would obtain a breast ultrasound, 17.2% stated they never would. 12.8% stated they never order a breast MRI; 4.1% always would. Workup of patients did not vary significantly based on number of years in practice nor practice setting. However, those whose practice was >50% breast were more likely to state that they would always order a breast ultrasound (32.5% vs. 12.9%, p<0.001, and less likely to state they would never order a breast MRI (3.4% vs. 25.8%, p<0.001. However, the proportions of surgeons who would always order a breast MRI was similar in the two groups (3.4% and 3.2%, respectively. Conclusions:These data highlight the lack of uniformity in the workup of asymptomatic patients presenting with non-palpable breast cancers, pointing to potential areas for improving value by minimizing variability.

  11. The solitary sellar plasmacytoma: a diagnostic challenge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soejbjerg, Anne; Dyve, Suzan; Baerentzen, Steen

    2016-01-01

    UNLABELLED: Solitary sellar plasmacytomas are exceedingly rare and difficult to distinguish from other pituitary tumors. We report a case of a 62-year-old woman presenting with blurred vision of the right eye and tenderness of the right temporal region, which was interpreted as temporal arteritis...

  12. Clinical implications of the solitary functioning kidney

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westland, R.; Schreuder, M.F.; Goudoever, J.B. van; Sanna-Cherchi, S.; Wijk, J.A. van

    2014-01-01

    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract are the major cause of ESRD in childhood. Children with a solitary functioning kidney form an important subgroup of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract patients, and a significant fraction of these children is at risk for progress

  13. Solitary waves on nonlinear elastic rods. I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mads Peter; Christiansen, Peter Leth; Lomdahl, P. S.

    1984-01-01

    Acoustic waves on elastic rods with circular cross section are governed by improved Boussinesq equations when transverse motion and nonlinearity in the elastic medium are taken into account. Solitary wave solutions to these equations have been found. The present paper treats the interaction between...

  14. Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves

    CERN Document Server

    Hereman, Willy

    2013-01-01

    Encyclopedic article covering shallow water wave models used in oceanography and atmospheric science. Sections: Definition of the Subject; Introduction and Historical Perspective; Completely Integrable Shallow Water Wave Equations; Shallow Water Wave Equations of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics; Computation of Solitary Wave Solutions; Numerical Methods; Water Wave Experiments and Observations; Future Directions, and Bibliography.

  15. Solitary waves on nonlinear elastic rods. II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mads Peter; Christiansen, Peter Leth; Lomdahl, P. S.

    1987-01-01

    In continuation of an earlier study of propagation of solitary waves on nonlinear elastic rods, numerical investigations of blowup, reflection, and fission at continuous and discontinuous variation of the cross section for the rod and reflection at the end of the rod are presented. The results...

  16. Peptide Toxins in Solitary Wasp Venoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konno, Katsuhiro; Kazuma, Kohei; Nihei, Ken-ichi

    2016-01-01

    Solitary wasps paralyze insects or spiders with stinging venom and feed the paralyzed preys to their larva. Accordingly, the venoms should contain a variety of constituents acting on nervous systems. However, only a few solitary wasp venoms have been chemically studied despite thousands of species inhabiting the planet. We have surveyed bioactive substances in solitary wasp venoms found in Japan and discovered a variety of novel bioactive peptides. Pompilidotoxins (PMTXs), in the venoms of the pompilid wasps Anoplius samariensis and Batozonellus maculifrons, are small peptides consisting of 13 amino acids without a disulfide bond. PMTXs slowed Na+ channel inactivation, in particular against neuronal type Na+ channels, and were rather selective to the Nav1.6 channel. Mastoparan-like cytolytic and antimicrobial peptides are the major components of eumenine wasp venoms. They are rich in hydrophobic and basic amino acids, adopting a α-helical secondary structure, and showing mast cell degranulating, antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. The venom of the spider wasp Cyphononyx fulvognathus contained four bradykinin-related peptides. They are hyperalgesic and, dependent on the structure, differently associated with B1 or B2 receptors. Further survey led to the isolation of leucomyosuppressin-like FMRFamide peptides from the venoms of the digger wasps Sphex argentatus and Isodontia harmandi. These results of peptide toxins in solitary wasp venoms from our studies are summarized. PMID:27096870

  17. Peptide Toxins in Solitary Wasp Venoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsuhiro Konno

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Solitary wasps paralyze insects or spiders with stinging venom and feed the paralyzed preys to their larva. Accordingly, the venoms should contain a variety of constituents acting on nervous systems. However, only a few solitary wasp venoms have been chemically studied despite thousands of species inhabiting the planet. We have surveyed bioactive substances in solitary wasp venoms found in Japan and discovered a variety of novel bioactive peptides. Pompilidotoxins (PMTXs, in the venoms of the pompilid wasps Anoplius samariensis and Batozonellus maculifrons, are small peptides consisting of 13 amino acids without a disulfide bond. PMTXs slowed Na+ channel inactivation, in particular against neuronal type Na+ channels, and were rather selective to the Nav1.6 channel. Mastoparan-like cytolytic and antimicrobial peptides are the major components of eumenine wasp venoms. They are rich in hydrophobic and basic amino acids, adopting a α-helical secondary structure, and showing mast cell degranulating, antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. The venom of the spider wasp Cyphononyx fulvognathus contained four bradykinin-related peptides. They are hyperalgesic and, dependent on the structure, differently associated with B1 or B2 receptors. Further survey led to the isolation of leucomyosuppressin-like FMRFamide peptides from the venoms of the digger wasps Sphex argentatus and Isodontia harmandi. These results of peptide toxins in solitary wasp venoms from our studies are summarized.

  18. Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the liver

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Terkivatan (Türkan); M. Kliffen (Mike); J.H.W. de Wilt (Johannes); A.N. van Geel (Albert); A.M.M. Eggermont (Alexander); C. Verhoef (Kees)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm that most frequently affects the pleura, although it has been reported with increasing frequency in various other sites such as in the peritoneum, pericardium and in non-serosal sites such as lung parenchyma,

  19. Solitary Wave Solutions for Zoomeron Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amna IRSHAD

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tanh-Coth Method is applied to find solitary wave solutions of the Zoomeron equation which is of extreme importance in mathematical physics. The proposed scheme is fully compatible with the complexity of the problem and is highly efficient. Moreover, suggested combination is capable to handle nonlinear problems of versatile physical nature.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumour of the vagus nerve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholsem, Martin; Scholtes, Felix

    2012-04-01

    We describe the complete removal of a foramen magnum solitary fibrous tumour in a 36-year-old woman. It originated on a caudal vagus nerve rootlet, classically described as the 'cranial' accessory nerve root. This ninth case of immunohistologically confirmed cranial or spinal nerve SFT is the first of the vagus nerve.

  1. Solitary Wave Propagation Influenced by Submerged Breakwater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锦; 左其华; 王登婷

    2013-01-01

    The form of Boussinesq equation derived by Nwogu (1993) using velocity at an arbitrary distance and surface elevation as variables is used to simulate wave surface elevation changes. In the numerical experiment, water depth was divided into five layers with six layer interfaces to simulate velocity at each layer interface. Besides, a physical experiment was carried out to validate numerical model and study solitary wave propagation.“Water column collapsing”method (WCCM) was used to generate solitary wave. A series of wave gauges around an impervious breakwater were set-up in the flume to measure the solitary wave shoaling, run-up, and breaking processes. The results show that the measured data and simulated data are in good agreement. Moreover, simulated and measured surface elevations were analyzed by the wavelet transform method. It shows that different wave frequencies stratified in the wavelet amplitude spectrum. Finally, horizontal and vertical velocities of each layer interface were analyzed in the process of solitary wave propagation through submerged breakwater.

  2. Solitary wave interactions of the GRLW equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, J.I. [Room I-320-D, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad de Malaga, Plaza El Ejido, s/n 29013 Malaga (Spain)]. E-mail: jirs@lcc.uma.es

    2007-07-15

    An approximate quasilinearization method for the solution of the generalized regularized long-wave (GRLW) equation based on the separation of the temporal and spatial derivatives, three-point, fourth-order accurate, compact difference equations, is presented. The method results in a system of linear equations with tridiagonal matrices, and is applied to determine the effects of the parameters of the GRLW equation and initial conditions on the formation of undular bores and interactions/collisions between two solitary waves. It is shown that the method preserves very accurately the first two invariants of the GRLW equation, the formation of secondary waves is a strong function of the amplitude and width of the initial Gaussian conditions, and the collision between two solitary waves is a strong function of the parameters that appear in the GRLW equation and the amplitude and speed of the initial conditions. It is also shown that the steepening of the leading and trailing waves may result in the formation of multiple secondary waves and/or an undular bore; the former interacts with the trailing solitary wave which may move parallel to or converge onto the leading solitary wave.

  3. Valores preditivos das categorias 3, 4 e 5 do sistema BI-RADS em lesões mamárias nodulares não-palpáveis avaliadas por mamografia, ultra-sonografia e ressonância magnética Predictive values of bi-rads categories 3, 4 and 5 in non-palpable breast masses evaluated by mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Decio Roveda Junior

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os valores preditivos positivo e negativo das categorias 3, 4 e 5 do sistema BI-RADS™ em lesões mamárias nodulares não-palpáveis avaliadas por mamografia, ultra-sonografia e ressonância magnética. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Vinte e nove pacientes com achados mamográficos de lesões mamárias nodulares não-palpáveis, das classes 3, 4 e 5 do BI-RADS, que realizaram exames complementares de ultra-sonografia e ressonância magnética, além de biópsia excisional. Realizaram-se 30 biópsias e correlacionaram-se as lesões e suas respectivas classificações de 3 a 5 do BI-RADS com os resultados histopatológicos. O cálculo dos valores preditivos foi feito utilizando-se equações matemáticas específicas. RESULTADOS: O valor preditivo negativo da categoria 3 pela análise mamográfica foi de 69,23%, pela análise ultra-sonográfica foi de 70,58% e pela análise por ressonância magnética foi de 100%. O valor preditivo positivo da categoria 4 pela análise mamográfica foi de 63,63%, pela análise ultra-sonográfica foi de 50% e pela análise por ressonância magnética foi de 30,76%. O valor preditivo positivo da categoria 5 foi de 100% pelas análises mamográfica e ultra-sonográfica e de 92,85% pela análise por ressonância magnética. CONCLUSÃO: O valor preditivo negativo da categoria 3 foi elevado na análise pela ressonância magnética e os valores preditivos positivos foram moderados na categoria 4 e elevados na categoria 5 pelos três métodos.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of BI-RADS™ categories 3, 4 and 5 in non-palpable breast masses assessed by mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with BI-RADS categories 3, 4 and 5 nonpalpable breast masses identified by mammograms were submitted to complementary ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging studies, besides excisional biopsy. In total, 30 biopsies were performed. The lesions as well as

  4. On the solitary wave paradigm for tsunamis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Per A.; Fuhrman, David R.; Schäffer, Hemming Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Since the 1970s, solitary waves have commonly been used to model tsunamis especially in experimental and mathematical studies. Unfortunately, the link to geophysical scales is not well established, and in this work we question the geophysical relevance of this paradigm. In part 1, we simulate...... of finite amplitude solitary wave theory in laboratory studies of tsunamis. We conclude that order-of-magnitude errors in effective temporal and spatial duration occur when this theory is used as an approximation for long waves on a sloping bottom. In part 3, we investigate the phenomenon of disintegration...... of long waves into shorter waves, which has been observed e.g. in connection with the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004. This happens if the front of the tsunami becomes sufficently steep, and as a result the front turns into an undular bore. We discuss the importance of these very short waves in connection...

  5. A Solitary Plasmocytoma Case Causing Horner Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Vayvada

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Solitary plasmacytoma is a rare plasma cell tumour, when seen in the chest wall, it is important to diagnose since the treatment scheme and prognosis will vary, compared to primary malignant tumours of the chest wall. A 60-year-old male presented to our clinic with left shoulder pain radiating to the left axilla. Horner%u2019s syndrome symptoms were present, in further examination a chest wall mass located in the left upper lung lobe region was detected. Histopathologic diagnosis was solitary plasmocytoma via video-assisted thoracoscopy. The primary tumor of the rib malignancy causing Horner%u2019s syndrome is discussed with reference to the relevant literature.

  6. Hypokalemia associated with a solitary pulmonary nodule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeian, Samira; Ghayumi, Seiyed Mohammad Ali; Shams, Mesbah

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Differential diagnosis of hypokalemia and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-dependent Cushing's syndrome often presents challenging in endocrinology and requires careful clinical, biochemical, radiological, and pathological investigations. Hypokalemia is a common abnormality and systematic approach is required to avoid delays in diagnosis of important underlying causes. Case Summary: A 49-year-old woman presented with moderate hypokalemia. Further evaluation showed hypercortisolism due to ectopic ACTH secretion. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a peripheral solitary pulmonary nodule. Excision biopsy of the nodule showed carcinoid tumor. After excision biopsy, all of the patient's symptoms improved and electrolytes and ACTH levels also became normal. Conclusion: Carciniod tumors should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with hypokalemia and ectopic ACTH syndrome. Carcinoid tumor often present as solitary pulmonary nodule and excision biopsy can be curative. PMID:27977570

  7. Asymptotic Linear Stability of Solitary Water Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pego, Robert L.; Sun, Shu-Ming

    2016-12-01

    We prove an asymptotic stability result for the water wave equations linearized around small solitary waves. The equations we consider govern irrotational flow of a fluid with constant density bounded below by a rigid horizontal bottom and above by a free surface under the influence of gravity neglecting surface tension. For sufficiently small amplitude waves, with waveform well-approximated by the well-known sech-squared shape of the KdV soliton, solutions of the linearized equations decay at an exponential rate in an energy norm with exponential weight translated with the wave profile. This holds for all solutions with no component in (that is, symplectically orthogonal to) the two-dimensional neutral-mode space arising from infinitesimal translational and wave-speed variation of solitary waves. We also obtain spectral stability in an unweighted energy norm.

  8. From solitary wave to traveling surge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋礼庭

    1995-01-01

    The solution of kinetic Alfven wave under action of anomalous resistance has two branches: the slow wave, VPVA cosθ will be in a wave-broken state. Such traveling surge structure is a typical self-organization phenomenon and its wave form is determined by parameter β which represents the magnitude of resistance. High β leads to shock-like structure and low β to the appearance of some solitary waves in front of the shock. According to the study on solitary wave, shock wave and traveling surge in conjunction with self-organization of nonlinear dynamics, a general definition of wave can be given.

  9. Partial Differential Equations and Solitary Waves Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Wazwaz, Abdul-Majid

    2009-01-01

    "Partial Differential Equations and Solitary Waves Theory" is a self-contained book divided into two parts: Part I is a coherent survey bringing together newly developed methods for solving PDEs. While some traditional techniques are presented, this part does not require thorough understanding of abstract theories or compact concepts. Well-selected worked examples and exercises shall guide the reader through the text. Part II provides an extensive exposition of the solitary waves theory. This part handles nonlinear evolution equations by methods such as Hirota’s bilinear method or the tanh-coth method. A self-contained treatment is presented to discuss complete integrability of a wide class of nonlinear equations. This part presents in an accessible manner a systematic presentation of solitons, multi-soliton solutions, kinks, peakons, cuspons, and compactons. While the whole book can be used as a text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering, Part II w...

  10. [Solitary fibrous tumours of the kidney].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gres, Pascal; Avances, Christophe; Ben Naoum, Kamel; Chapuis, Héliette; Costa, Pierre

    2004-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are mesenchymal tumours that usually arise from the pleura. Renal SFT are exceptional (9 cases reported in the literature). The authors report a new case discovered during assessment of HT and treated by radical right nephrectomy. The histological appearance is characteristic: a tumour with a fibrous centre, composed of a monomorphic proliferation of spindle cells, with positive CD 34, CD 99, and bcl 2 labelling. The prognosis after complete resection is generally favourable.

  11. Solitary vascular malformation of the clitoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haritharan, T; Islah, M; Zulfiqar, A; Thambi Dorai, C R

    2006-06-01

    Isolated involvement of the clitoris by vascular malformation (VM) is very rare. Clinically, the lesion simulates female pseudohermaphroditism. A five-year-old girl presented with clitoromegaly and a clinical diagnosis of solitary VM of the clitoris was made. Magnetic resonance imaging showed characteristic features and confirmed the diagnosis and the extent of the VM. This is the first reported case of isolated involvement of the clitoris by VM to be diagnosed preoperatively.

  12. Two-color walking Peregrine solitary waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baronio, Fabio; Chen, Shihua; Mihalache, Dumitru

    2017-09-15

    We study the extreme localization of light, evolving upon a non-zero background, in two-color parametric wave interaction in nonlinear quadratic media. We report the existence of quadratic Peregrine solitary waves, in the presence of significant group-velocity mismatch between the waves (or Poynting vector beam walk-off), in the regime of cascading second-harmonic generation. This finding opens a novel path for the experimental demonstration of extreme rogue waves in ultrafast quadratic nonlinear optics.

  13. TREATMENT USING LAPAROSCOPIC AND THORACOSCOPIC PROCEDURES IN A PATIENT WITH SIGMOID CANCER AND SOLITARY PULMONARY METASTASIS: A CLINICAL CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. O. Rasulov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A clinical case of a sigmoid cancer patient with solitary lung metastasis is discussed in this article. Use of minimally invasive surgical technologies allowed to perform a simultaneous combined surgery on abdominal and thoracic cavities and improve rehabilitation time and time to systemic chemotherapy initiation. In presented clinical case patient was comorbid with stage III obesity, which was considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery for a long time.

  14. A rare case of renal hydatidosis in a child with congenital solitary kidney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Livius Tirnea; Radu Minciu; Tudor Rares Olariu; Victor Dumitrascu; Adriana Maria Neghina; Raul Neghina

    2014-01-01

    Hydatid cyst of a solitary congenital kidney is a rare entity because of the small percentage of cases with renal hydatidosis and the reduced number of cases with this renal anomaly.We report a case presenting this extremely rare combination and having a favorable outcome.The diagnosis was confirmed based on an association of imagistic techniques and positive serology.The case was managed using a minimal invasive surgical technique(PAIR) that reduced the operative risks.Additionally, an antihelminthic agent(albendazole) was administered.To our knowledge, this is the first case with such comorbidity and treated through percutaneous approach.

  15. Efficacy of hepatic resection vs transarterial chemoembolization for solitary huge hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Shao-Liang; Zhong, Jian-Hong; Ke, Yang; Ma, Liang; You, Xue-Mei; Li, Le-Qun

    2015-08-28

    To compare the efficacy of hepatic resection (HR) and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for patients with solitary huge (≥ 10 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Records were retrospectively analyzed of 247 patients with solitary huge HCC, comprising 180 treated by HR and 67 by TACE. Long-term overall survival (OS) was compared between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method, and independent predictors of survival were identified by multivariate analysis. These analyses were performed using all patients in both groups and/or 61 pairs of propensity score-matched patients from the two groups. OS at 5 years was significantly higher in the HR group than the TACE group, across all patients (P = 0.002) and across propensity score-matched pairs (36.4% vs 18.2%, P = 0.039). The two groups showed similar postoperative mortality and morbidity. Multivariate analysis identified alpha-fetoprotein ≥ 400 ng/mL, presence of vascular invasion and TACE treatment as independent predictors of poor OS. Our findings suggest that HR can be safe and more effective than TACE for patients with solitary huge HCC.

  16. Stable complex solitary waves of Sasa Satsuma equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sasanka Ghosh

    2001-11-01

    Existence of a new class of complex solitary waves is shown for Sasa Satsuma equation. These solitary waves are found to be stable in a certain domain of the parameter and become chaotic if the parameter exceeds the value 2.4. Significantly, the complex solitary waves propagate at higher bit rate over the most stable solitons under the same conditions of the input parameters.

  17. Numerical Study on Breaking Criteria for Solitary Waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chung-ren CHOU; Ruey-syan SHIH; John Z. YIM

    2003-01-01

    Studies of the breaking criteria for solitary waves on a slope are presented in this paper. The boundary element method is used to model the processes of shoaling and breaking of solitary waves on various slopes. Empirical formulae that can be used to characterize the breaking of solitary waves are presented. These include the breaking index, the wave height, the water depth, and the maximum particle velocity at the point of breaking. Comparisons with the results of other researches are given.

  18. The cruel and unusual phenomenology of solitary confinement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaun eGallagher

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available What happens when subjects are deprived of intersubjective contact? This paper looks closely at the phenomenology and psychology of one example of that deprivation: solitary confinement. It also puts the phenomenology and psychology of solitary confinement to use in the legal context. Not only is there no consensus on whether solitary confinement is a cruel and unusual punishment, there is no consensus on the definition of the term ‘cruel’ in the use of that legal phrase. I argue that we can find a moral consensus on the meaning of ‘cruelty’ by looking specifically at the phenomenology and psychology of solitary confinement.

  19. The cruel and unusual phenomenology of solitary confinement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Shaun

    2014-01-01

    What happens when subjects are deprived of intersubjective contact? This paper looks closely at the phenomenology and psychology of one example of that deprivation: solitary confinement. It also puts the phenomenology and psychology of solitary confinement to use in the legal context. Not only is there no consensus on whether solitary confinement is a "cruel and unusual punishment," there is no consensus on the definition of the term "cruel" in the use of that legal phrase. I argue that we can find a moral consensus on the meaning of "cruelty" by looking specifically at the phenomenology and psychology of solitary confinement.

  20. MALIGNANT CHANGE IN A SOLITARY CYLINDROMA: A RARE CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivaji D

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cylindroma is a rare tumour which originates from skin appendages. Cylindromas are of two types namely solitary and multiple. Malignant transformation of cylindroma is unusual and is extremely rare in solitary type. They show strong predilection for middle aged and elderly females. We report a case of a 70 year old male patient presented with nodular swelling along with surface ulceration in the right axillary region since six months, which on histopathological examination revealed a case of malignant transformation of benign solitary cylindroma. We report a rare case of malignant cylindroma arising in a patient with solitary cylindroma at an unusual site

  1. Bulk solitary waves in elastic solids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsonov, A. M.; Dreiden, G. V.; Semenova, I. V.; Shvartz, A. G.

    2015-10-01

    A short and object oriented conspectus of bulk solitary wave theory, numerical simulations and real experiments in condensed matter is given. Upon a brief description of the soliton history and development we focus on bulk solitary waves of strain, also known as waves of density and, sometimes, as elastic and/or acoustic solitons. We consider the problem of nonlinear bulk wave generation and detection in basic structural elements, rods, plates and shells, that are exhaustively studied and widely used in physics and engineering. However, it is mostly valid for linear elasticity, whereas dynamic nonlinear theory of these elements is still far from being completed. In order to show how the nonlinear waves can be used in various applications, we studied the solitary elastic wave propagation along lengthy wave guides, and remarkably small attenuation of elastic solitons was proven in physical experiments. Both theory and generation for strain soliton in a shell, however, remained unsolved problems until recently, and we consider in more details the nonlinear bulk wave propagation in a shell. We studied an axially symmetric deformation of an infinite nonlinearly elastic cylindrical shell without torsion. The problem for bulk longitudinal waves is shown to be reducible to the one equation, if a relation between transversal displacement and the longitudinal strain is found. It is found that both the 1+1D and even the 1+2D problems for long travelling waves in nonlinear solids can be reduced to the Weierstrass equation for elliptic functions, which provide the solitary wave solutions as appropriate limits. We show that the accuracy in the boundary conditions on free lateral surfaces is of crucial importance for solution, derive the only equation for longitudinal nonlinear strain wave and show, that the equation has, amongst others, a bidirectional solitary wave solution, which lead us to successful physical experiments. We observed first the compression solitary wave in the

  2. Localization and solitary waves in solid mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Champneys, A R; Thompson, J M T

    1999-01-01

    This book is a collection of recent reprints and new material on fundamentally nonlinear problems in structural systems which demonstrate localized responses to continuous inputs. It has two intended audiences. For mathematicians and physicists it should provide useful new insights into a classical yet rapidly developing area of application of the rich subject of dynamical systems theory. For workers in structural and solid mechanics it introduces a new methodology for dealing with structural localization and the related topic of the generation of solitary waves. Applications range from classi

  3. Microtubules: A network for solitary waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdravković Slobodan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we deal with nonlinear dynamics of microtubules. The structure and role of microtubules in cells are explained as well as one of models explaining their dynamics. Solutions of the crucial nonlinear differential equation depend on used mathematical methods. Two commonly used procedures, continuum and semi-discrete approximations, are explained. These solutions are solitary waves usually called as kink solitons, breathers and bell-type solitons. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. III45010

  4. Asymptotic Methods for Solitary Solutions and Compactons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Huan He

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an elementary introduction to some new asymptotic methods for the search for the solitary solutions of nonlinear differential equations, nonlinear differential-difference equations, and nonlinear fractional differential equations. Particular attention is paid throughout the paper to giving an intuitive grasp for the variational approach, the Hamiltonian approach, the variational iteration method, the homotopy perturbation method, the parameter-expansion method, the Yang-Laplace transform, the Yang-Fourier transform, and ancient Chinese mathematics. Hamilton principle and variational principles are also emphasized. The reviewed asymptotic methods are easy to be followed for various applications. Some ideas on this paper are first appeared.

  5. Solitary lucent epiphyseal lesions in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gardner, D.J.; Azouz, E.M.

    1988-10-01

    We evaluated retrospectively the varying radiographic appearances of 15 solitary lucent epiphyseal lesions occurring in children. Imaging modalities used included plain films, conventional tomography, nuclear scintigraphy, and computed tomography. 40% of the lesions (6) were due to osteomyelitis. The remaining lesions included tuberculosis (1), foreign body granuloma (1), chondroblastoma (2), chondromyoxid fibroma (1), enchondroma (1), osteoid osteoma (2), and eosinophilic granuloma (1). Although the radiographic appearances of such lesions may be particularly characteristic, pathologic correlation is frequently necessary. The high incidence of osteomyelitis in our cases emphasizes its importance as a cause for a lucent epiphyseal lesion.

  6. [Solitary naso-sinusal fibrous tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, V; Jiménez, M L; Cuatrecasas, M; Jürgens, A; de Amesti, C; Orus, C; Fabra, J M

    1995-01-01

    Here we present two clinical cases of solitary naso-sinusal fibrous tumour. This tumour has a mesenchymal origin and has an evident pleural location, with well defined immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics. The clinical manifestation is an apparent benign tumour with an inclination to local aggressiveness. The most effective treatment seems to be surgical removal, but given the low number of cases mentioned (there are only eight cases reported in international literature), and the tendency to eventual recurrence, called for cobalt therapy after surgery. The evolution of clinical cases is irregular.

  7. Study on Solitary Waves of a General Boussinesq Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we employ the bifurcation method of dynamical systems to study the solitary waves and periodic waves of a generalized Boussinesq equations. All possible phase portraits in the parameter plane for the travelling wave systems are obtained. The possible solitary wave solutions, periodic wave solutions and cusp waves for the general Boussinesq type fluid model are also investigated.

  8. Exact solitary wave solutions of nonlinear wave equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The hyperbolic function method for nonlinear wave equations ispresented. In support of a computer algebra system, many exact solitary wave solutions of a class of nonlinear wave equations are obtained via the method. The method is based on the fact that the solitary wave solutions are essentially of a localized nature. Writing the solitary wave solutions of a nonlinear wave equation as the polynomials of hyperbolic functions, the nonlinear wave equation can be changed into a nonlinear system of algebraic equations. The system can be solved via Wu Elimination or Grbner base method. The exact solitary wave solutions of the nonlinear wave equation are obtained including many new exact solitary wave solutions.

  9. The lifecycle of axisymmetric internal solitary waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. McMillan

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The generation and evolution of solitary waves by intrusive gravity currents in an approximate two-layer fluid with equal upper- and lower-layer depths is examined in a cylindrical geometry by way of theory and numerical simulations. The study is limited to vertically symmetric cases in which the density of the intruding fluid is equal to the average density of the ambient. We show that even though the head height of the intrusion decreases, it propagates at a constant speed well beyond 3 lock radii. This is because the strong stratification at the interface supports the formation of a mode-2 solitary wave that surrounds the intrusion head and carries it outwards at a constant speed. The wave and intrusion propagate faster than a linear long wave; therefore, there is strong supporting evidence that the wave is indeed nonlinear. Rectilinear Korteweg-de Vries theory is extended to allow the wave amplitude to decay as r-p with p=½ and the theory is compared to the observed waves to demonstrate that the width of the wave scales with its amplitude. After propagating beyond 7 lock radii the intrusion runs out of fluid. Thereafter, the wave continues to spread radially at a constant speed, however, the amplitude decreases sufficiently so that linear dispersion dominates and the amplitude decays with distance as r-1.

  10. Radiation therapy for the solitary plasmacytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esengül Koçak

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Plasma-cell neoplasms are classically categorized into four groups as: multiple myeloma (MM, plasma-cell leukemias, solitary plasmacytomas (SP of the bone (SPB, and extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP. These tumors may be described as localized or diffuse in presentation. Localized plasma-cell neoplasms are rare, and include SP of the skeletal system, accounting for 2-5% of all plasma-cell neoplasms, and EMP of soft tissue, accounting for approximately 3% of all such neoplasms. SP is defined as a solitary mass of neoplastic plasma cells either in the bone marrow or in various soft tissue sites. There appears to be a continuum in which SP often progresses to MM. The main treatment modality for SP is radiation therapy (RT. However, there are no conclusive data in the literature on the optimal RT dose for SP. This review describes the interrelationship of plasma-cell neoplasms, and attempts to determine the minimal RT dose required to obtain local control.

  11. Long solitary internal waves in stable stratifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. B. Zimmerman

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Observations of internal solitary waves over an antarctic ice shelf (Rees and Rottman, 1994 demonstrate that even large amplitude disturbances have wavelengths that are bounded by simple heuristic arguments following from the Scorer parameter based on linear theory for wave trapping. Classical weak nonlinear theories that have been applied to stable stratifications all begin with perturbations of simple long waves, with corrections for weak nonlinearity and dispersion resulting in nonlinear wave equations (Korteweg-deVries (KdV or Benjamin-Davis-Ono that admit localized propagating solutions. It is shown that these theories are apparently inappropriate when the Scorer parameter, which gives the lowest wavenumber that does not radiate vertically, is positive. In this paper, a new nonlinear evolution equation is derived for an arbitrary wave packet thus including one bounded below by the Scorer parameter. The new theory shows that solitary internal waves excited in high Richardson number waveguides are predicted to have a halfwidth inversely proportional to the Scorer parameter, in agreement with atmospheric observations. A localized analytic solution for the new wave equation is demonstrated, and its soliton-like properties are demonstrated by numerical simulation.

  12. The solitary sellar plasmacytoma: a diagnostic challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Soejbjerg

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Solitary sellar plasmacytomas are exceedingly rare and difficult to distinguish from other pituitary tumors. We report a case of a 62-year-old woman presenting with blurred vision of the right eye and tenderness of the right temporal region, which was interpreted as temporal arteritis. MRI revealed a pituitary mass lesion (20mm×14mm×17mm without compression of the optic chiasm and her pituitary function was normal. Pituitary surgery was undertaken due to growth of the lesion, and histopathological examination showed a highly cellular neoplasm composed of mature monoclonal plasma cells. Subsequent examinations revealed no evidence of extrasellar myeloma. The patient received pituitary irradiation and has remained well and free of symptoms apart from iatrogenic central diabetes insipidus. Until now, only eight cases of solitary sellar plasmacytoma have been reported. Most frequent symptoms stem from compression of the cranial nerves in the cavernous sinus (III, IV, V, whereas the anterior pituitary function is mostly intact.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor surrounding the carotid sheath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Oliveira, Guillermo; Alvarez-Flores, Modesto; Arribas-García, Ignacio; Martínez-Gimeno, Carlos

    2010-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare spindle cell neoplasms that are mostly found arising from the pleura. Although SFTs recently have been reported in other regions, they are rare in the head and neck and have often been misdiagnosed due to their rarity. SFTs are benign in most cases. Clinically, SFTs usually manifest as well-circumscribed, slow-growing, smooth and painless masses. Symptoms are often minimal, although they may include sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, change of voice or trismus. CT-Scan and MRI are the most sensitive imaging procedures used. The treatment of choice is complete surgical excision of the lesion. Because recurrences have been noted up to 30 years after surgery, long-term follow up is mandatory. In this article, we present a case of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor arising in the parapharyngeal space in a 20-year-old man, involving the carotid sheath, treated by surgical excision with no recurrence after 1 year. The clinical presentation, surgical management and pathological findings are described.

  14. Solitary plasmacytoma of spine with amyloidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui-yun SUN

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To report the diagnosis and treatment of one case of solitary plasmacytoma of spine with amyloidosis and investigate the clinicopathological features combined with literatures. Methods and Results The patient was a 46-year-old woman. She suffered from weakness of both lower limbs, unsteady gait and numbness of toes for 20 d. MRI examination revealed an irregular mass behind the spinal cord at T5-7 level and T6-7 vertebral body accessory. The enhanced MRI showed obvious heterogeneous enhancement. The border was clear and spinal dura mater was compressed to shift forward. During operation, T5-7 processus spinosus and vertebral laminae were eroded, and the cortex of bone showed "moth-eaten" erosion. The intraspinal and extradural lesion had rich blood supply, loose bone structure and intact spinal dura mater. Histologically, tumor cells were composed of intensive small cells, and focal plasmacytoid cells were seen. Flake pink staining substance was among them. Artificial cracks were common and multinuclear giant tumor cells were scatteredly distributed. Immunohistochemical analysis showed the cytoplasm of tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD138, CD38 and vimentin (Vim,scatteredly positive for leukocyte common antigen (LCA, and negative for immune globulin κ light chain(IgGκ and λ light chain (IgGλ, CD99, S-100 protein (S-100, pan cytokeratin (PCK, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA, HMB45 and CD34. The Ki-67 labeling index was 1.25%. Congo red staining showed the pink staining substance was brownish red. Hybridization in situ examination showed the DNA content of IgGκ was more than that of IgGλ. The final pathological diagnosis was solitary plasmacytoma of spine with amyloidosis. The patient was treated with postoperative chemotherapy, and there was no recurrence or metastasis during 18-month follow-up period. Conclusions Solitary plasmacytoma of spine with amyloidosis is a rare tumor. The imaging features can offer a few

  15. Weak bond detection in composites using highly nonlinear solitary waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, Taru; Kim, Eunho; Kim, Tae-Yeon; Yang, Jinkyu

    2017-05-01

    We experimentally investigate a diagnostic technique for identifying a weak bond in composites using highly nonlinear solitary waves (HNSWs). We set up a one-dimensional chain of granular crystals, consisting of spherical particles with nonlinear interactions, to generate HNSWs. These solitary wave packets are transmitted into an inspection area of composites by making a direct contact with the chain. We demonstrate that a strong type of solitary waves injected to the weak bond area can break the weak bond of laminates, thereby causing delamination. Then, to identify the creation of the delamination, we transmit a weak type of solitary waves by employing the same apparatus, and measure the solitary waves reflected from the specimens. By analyzing these reflected solitary waves, we differentiate the weak bond samples with the pristine bond ones in an efficient and fast manner. The diagnostic results based on the proposed method are compared with the strength and energy release rate at bond interfaces, which are measured via standard testing methods such as three point bending and end notched flexure tests. This study shows the potential of solitary wave-based detection of weak bonds for hot spot monitoring of composite-based structures.

  16. Investigating Invasives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lightbody, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Invasive species, commonly known as "invasives," are nonnative plants, animals, and microbes that completely take over and change an established ecosystem. The consequences of invasives' spread are significant. In fact, many of the species that appear on the Endangered Species list are threatened by invasives. Therefore, the topic of invasive…

  17. A solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuruddha M Abeygunasekera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm that usually occurs in the pleura, but may occur in extrapleural sites. Its occurrence in the kidney is rare. We report a SFT, clinically thought to be a renal cell carcinoma arising in the kidney of a 68-year-old female. The tumor was well-circumscribed and composed of a mixture of spindle cells and dense collagenous bands. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99, and Bcl-2 protein, with no staining for keratin or muscle markers, confirming the diagnosis. The immunohistochemical study was the key to diagnosis. Several younger members of her family had colorectal and lung cancers suggesting the possibility of a familial or genetic susceptibility.

  18. Solitary waves of the splitted RLW equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaki, S. I.

    2001-07-01

    A combination of the splitting method and the cubic B-spline finite elements is used to solve the non-linear regularized long wave (RLW) equation. This approach involves a Bubnov-Galerkin method with cubic B-spline finite elements so that there is continuity of the dependent variable and its first derivative throughout the solution region. Time integration of the resulting systems is effected using a Crank-Nicholson approximation. In simulations of the migration of a single solitary wave this algorithm is shown to have higher accuracy and better conservation than a recent splitting difference scheme based on cubic spline interpolation functions, for different amplitudes ranging from a very small ( ⩾0.03) to a considerably high amplitudes ( ⩽0.3). The development of an undular bore is modeled.

  19. Numerical Simulation of Solitary Kinetic Alfven Waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Jian; LI Yi; WANG Shui

    2008-01-01

    Using the two-fluid model in the case of α1 (α=β/2Q, β is the ratio of thermal pressure to magnetic pressure, and Q=m,e/m,I), we numerically investigate the interactions between two solitary kinetic Alfven waves (SKAWs) and between an SKAW and a density discontinuity. The results show that the two SKAWs would remain in their original shapes and propagate at their initiating speeds, which indicates that SKAWs behave just like standard solitons. The simulation also shows that SKAWs will reflect and refract when crossing a discontinuity and propagating into a higher density region. The transmission wave is an SKAW with increasing density, and the reverberation is a disturbance with lower amplitude.

  20. Benign solitary solid cold thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Helle; Bennedbaek, Finn Noe; Karstrup, Steen;

    2002-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of ultrasonography (US)-guided interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) on the volume of benign solitary solid cold thyroid nodules and any nodule-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ILP was performed in 16 patients with normal thyroid function and a solid...... to evaluate the size of the untreated thyroid nodule. RESULTS: In the 16 patients treated with ILP, the mean thyroid nodule volume decreased from 10 to 5.4 mL (P .... Pressure symptoms were significantly reduced (P =.0002) after 6 months. The treatment was well-tolerated in all patients. No significant change in thyroid nodule volume was seen in the control group. CONCLUSION: US-guided ILP could become a useful nonsurgical alternative in the treatment of the benign...

  1. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Chest Wall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servet Kayhan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A previously healthy 55-year-old man with right sided lateral chest pain admitted to clinic. It was found a solid and painful mass at the right 4th rib in physical examination. Chest X-ray and thoracic computarized tomography showed an opacity measured 60x33 mm within the right chest wall destructing the 4th rib. Needle aspiration was performed from tumor and cytologic examination showed atypic plasma cell infiltration. The patient was scheduled for a chest wall resection and reconstructive surgery. Examination of a permanent section showed that the chest wall tumor was solitary plasmacytoma. There was no evidence of multiple myeloma recurrence after two years from the operation.

  2. Transparent lattices and their solitary waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadurní, E

    2014-09-01

    We provide a family of transparent tight-binding models with nontrivial potentials and site-dependent hopping parameters. Their feasibility is discussed in electromagnetic resonators, dielectric slabs, and quantum-mechanical traps. In the second part of the paper, the arrays are obtained through a generalization of supersymmetric quantum mechanics in discrete variables. The formalism includes a finite-difference Darboux transformation applied to the scattering matrix of a periodic array. A procedure for constructing a hierarchy of discrete Hamiltonians is indicated and a particular biparametric family is given. The corresponding potentials and hopping functions are identified as solitary waves, pointing to a discrete spinorial generalization of the Korteweg-deVries family.

  3. Solitary vortex couples in viscoelastic Couette flow

    CERN Document Server

    Groisman, A; Groisman, Alexander; Steinberg, Victor

    1996-01-01

    We report experimental observation of a localized structure, which is of a new type for dissipative systems. It appears as a solitary vortex couple ("diwhirl") in Couette flow with highly elastic polymer solutions. A unique property of the diwhirls is that they are stationary, in contrast to the usual localized wave structures in both Hamiltonian and dissipative systems which are stabilized by wave dispersion. It is also a new object in fluid dynamics - a couple of vortices that build a single entity somewhat similar to a magnetic dipole. The diwhirls arise as a result of a purely elastic instability through a hysteretic transition at negligible Reynolds numbers. It is suggested that the vortex flow is driven by the same forces that cause the Weissenberg effect. The diwhirls have a striking asymmetry between the inflow and outflow, which is also an essential feature of the suggested elastic instability mechanism.

  4. Immunophenotyping invasive breast cancer: paving the road for molecular imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vermeulen Jeroen F

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mammographic population screening in The Netherlands has increased the number of breast cancer patients with small and non-palpable breast tumors. Nevertheless, mammography is not ultimately sensitive and specific for distinct subtypes. Molecular imaging with targeted tracers might increase specificity and sensitivity of detection. Because development of new tracers is labor-intensive and costly, we searched for the smallest panel of tumor membrane markers that would allow detection of the wide spectrum of invasive breast cancers. Methods Tissue microarrays containing 483 invasive breast cancers were stained by immunohistochemistry for a selected set of membrane proteins known to be expressed in breast cancer. Results The combination of highly tumor-specific markers glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1-R, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2, hepatocyte growth factor receptor (MET, and carbonic anhydrase 9 (CAIX 'detected' 45.5% of tumors, especially basal/triple negative and HER2-driven ductal cancers. Addition of markers with a 2-fold tumor-to-normal ratio increased the detection rate to 98%. Including only markers with >3 fold tumor-to-normal ratio (CD44v6 resulted in an 80% detection rate. The detection rate of the panel containing both tumor-specific and less tumor-specific markers was not dependent on age, tumor grade, tumor size, or lymph node status. Conclusions In search of the minimal panel of targeted probes needed for the highest possible detection rate, we showed that 80% of all breast cancers express at least one of a panel of membrane markers (CD44v6, GLUT1, EGFR, HER2, and IGF1-R that may therefore be suitable for molecular imaging strategies. This study thereby serves as a starting point for further development of a set of antibody-based optical tracers with a high breast cancer detection rate.

  5. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Cerebello-Pontine Angle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biggs, Nigel D.; Fagan, Paul A.; Turner, Jennifer J.; Doust, Bruce

    1999-01-01

    A case is presented of solitary fibrous tumor occurring in the cerebello-pontine angle. There have been only two other reported cases of a solitary fibrous tumors in this region. Imaging studies showed the tumor to be characteristic in shape and position of an acoustic tumor. However, at surgery the tumor was found to have a “rock hard” consistency. Solitary fibrous tumor differs from acoustic schwannoma and meningioma in its histopathological features and in this case, regrowth, after incomplete excision, was extremely rapid. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6 PMID:17171119

  6. Generation of Solitary Rossby Waves by Unstable Topography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Hong-Wei; YIN Bao-Shu; DONG Huan-He

    2012-01-01

    The effect of topography on generation of the solitary Rossby waves is researched. Here, the topography, as a forcing for waves generation, is taken as a function of longitude variable x and time variable t, which is called unstable topography. With the help of a perturbation expansion method, a forced mKdv equation governing the evolution of amplitude of the solitary Rossby waves is derived from quasi-geostrophic vortieity equation and is solved by the pseudo-spectral method. Basing on the waterfall plots, the generational features of the solitary Rossby waves under the influence of unstable topography and stable topography are compared and some conclusions are obtained.

  7. Head-on collision and overtaking collision between an envelope solitary wave and a KdV solitary wave in a dusty plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Heng; Duan, Wen-Shan; Qi, Xin; Yang, Lei

    2016-02-12

    Head-on collision and overtaking collision between a KdV solitary wave and an envelope solitary wave are first studied in present paper by using Particle-in-cell (PIC) method in a dusty plasma. There are phase shifts of the KdV solitary wave in both head-on collision and the overtaking collision, while no phase shift is found for the envelop solitary wave in any cases. The remarkable difference between head-on collision and the overtaking collision is that the phase shift of KdV solitary wave increases as amplitude of KdV solitary wave increases in head-on collision, while it decreases as amplitude of the KdV solitary wave increases in the overtaking collision. It is found that the maximum amplitude during the collision process is less than sum of two amplitudes of both solitary waves, but is larger than either of the amplitude.

  8. A plethora of generalised solitary gravity-capillary water waves

    CERN Document Server

    Clamond, Didier; Duran, Angel

    2014-01-01

    The present study describes, first, an efficient algorithm for computing gravity-capillary solitary waves solutions of the irrotational Euler equations and, second, provides numerical evidences of the existence of (likely) an infinite number of generalised solitary waves (i.e. solitary waves with undamped oscillatory wings). Using conformal mapping, the unknown fluid domain (which is to be determined) is mapped into a uniform strip of the complex plane. A Babenko-like equation is then derived from a Lagrangian expressed in the transformed domain. The Babenko equation is then solved numerically using a Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Various interesting solutions are computed, some of them being known, some seem to be new. The emergence of generalised solitary waves is shown when the Bond number is increased.

  9. Oblique solitary waves in a five component plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sijo, S.; Manesh, M.; Sreekala, G.; Venugopal, C., E-mail: cvgmgphys@yahoo.co.in [School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, 686 560 Kerala (India); Neethu, T. W. [Department of Physics, CMS College, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, 686 001 Kerala (India); Renuka, G. [Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment, Thiruvananthapuram, 695 004 Kerala (India)

    2015-12-15

    We investigate the influence of a second electron component on oblique dust ion acoustic solitary waves in a five component plasma consisting of positively and negatively charged dust, hydrogen ions, and hotter and colder electrons. Of these, the heavier dust and colder photo-electrons are of cometary origin while the other two are of solar origin; electron components are described by kappa distributions. The K-dV equation is derived, and different attributes of the soliton such as amplitude and width are plotted for parameters relevant to comet Halley. We find that the second electron component has a profound influence on the solitary wave, decreasing both its amplitude and width. The normalized hydrogen density strongly influences the solitary wave by decreasing its width; the amplitude of the solitary wave, however, increases with increasing solar electron temperatures.

  10. Solitary pulmonary granuloma with marked enhancement on dynamic CT scanning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stark, P.; Wong, V.; Gold, P.

    1988-10-01

    A patient is described who presented with a vividly enhancing solitary pulmonary nodule during dynamic CT scanning. This mass proved to represent a granuloma due to coccidioidomycosis. The presumptive mechanism of enhancement as well as the differential diagnosis are discussed.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumors of the central nervous system: clinical features and imaging findings in 22 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-Qiang; Zhou, Qing; Li, Shi-Ting; Liao, Chen-Long; Zhang, Hua; Zhang, Bi-Yun

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm originating in the central nervous system (CNS), with imaging features currently not well known. The purposes were to describe and characterize clinical features and imaging findings of CNS SFT. We retrospectively reviewed computed tomographic (CT; n = 10) and magnetic resonance (MR) images (n = 18) of 22 patients with SFT (13 males and 9 females; mean, 47.6 years) with associated clinical records. Each lesion was found as a solitary, well-defined mass, ranging in size from 12 to 70 mm (mean, 38 mm). The tumor shape was roundlike in 16 cases (72.7%) and irregular in 6 cases (27.2%). The cerebellopontine angle zone was the most affected area (n = 6). On precontrast CT scans, 10 cases showed predominantly hyperattenuation (n = 9) and isoattenuation (n = 1). No lesion contained calcification, and 2 cases showed bone invasions. All 18 tumors examined by MR imaging showed homogeneous hypointensive (n = 5) or isointensive (n = 7) signal intensity and heterogeneous mixed isointense and hypointense signal intensity (n = 6) on T1-weighted images, whereas most tumors were predominantly isointense (n = 13) and hypointense (n = 4) to the cortex on T2-weighted images; on postcontrast CT and MR images, enhancement was marked homogeneous (n = 10) or heterogeneous (n = 12). Fourteen tumors had thickening of the meninges adjacent to the tumor. Although SFT is a rare neoplasm in the CNS, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis. The most affected area is the cerebellopontine angle zone. Solitary fibrous tumor tends to have some imaging features, such as high attenuation on CT, isointense to hypointense signal intensity on MR images, and marked enhancement.

  12. Pediatric retrograde intra-renal surgery for renal stones <2 cm in solitary kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael Mohamed Gamal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Management of renal stones in children with a solitary kidney is a challenge. In the current study, the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS in these children were determined. Patients and Methods: Records of children with renal stones who were treated at our institute between August 2011 and August 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Inclusion criteria were: Children with single renal stone <2 cm size, in a solitary kidney. A 7.5 Fr flexible ureteroscope (FURS was introduced into the ureter over a hydrophilic guidewire under visual and fluoroscopic guidance - applying a back-loading technique. The stone was completely dusted using 200 μm laser fiber (0.2-0.8 joules power and10-30 Hz frequency. At the end of the maneuver, a 5 Fr JJ stent was inserted into the ureter. The children were discharged home 24 h postoperative - provided that no complications were detected. Results: Fourteen children (3 girls and 11 boys with median age 9.5 years (range 6-12 were included. The mean stone burden was 12.2 ± 1.5 mm (range 9-20. Stones were successfully accessed in all of the cases by the FURS except for 2 cases in whom a JJ stent was inserted into the ureter and left in place for 2 weeks to achieve passive dilatation. All of the stones were dusted completely. The immediate postoperative stone-free rate (SFR was 79%, and the final SFR was 100% after 3 weeks. No intraoperative complications were observed. Conclusions: RIRS for renal stone <2 cm in children with a solitary kidney is a single-session procedure with a high SFR, low complication rate, and is a minimally invasive, natural orifice technique.

  13. Solitary plasmacytoma of the rib: A rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rikki Singal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Localized solitary plasmacytoma of the bone is a rare disease and is characterized by only one or two isolated bone lesions with no evidence of disease dissemination. We report a case of solitary plasmacytoma of the rib in a 43-year-old female. The patient underwent complete en-bloc resection of the chest wall including rib, muscle, and parietal pleura. Patient is asymptomatic without any recurrence after two and half years of follow up.

  14. Solitary mesenteric vascular anomaly presenting as acute abdomen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thambidorai C

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A 4-year-old girl with a solitary vascular anomaly of the mesentery presented with acute lower abdominal pain. Despite the use of ultrasound, computed tomography scan and image-guided core biopsies, the lesion was initially mistaken for an inflammatory intra-abdominal mass. The correct diagnosis was made at laparotomy. Solitary vascular anomaly of the mesentery is rare and its presentation as an acute abdomen has not been reported before.

  15. Solitary osteochondroma arising from cervical spina bifida occulta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ofluoglu, Ali Ender; Abdallah, Anas; Gokcedag, Akin

    2013-01-01

    Solitary osteochondromas are common benign long bone tumors originating from cartilage. They may produce a wide variety of symptoms and complications depending on their spinal location. These may include compressive myelopathy, nerve root compression, pathologic fracture and malignant degeneration, or in some cases only pain. Solitary cervical spine osteochondromas have been reported mostly in the neural arch or vertebral body. This report describes a patient presenting with neck pain, with a benign osteochondroma arising in the right bifid C5 lamina.

  16. [Adenocarcinoma of lung cancer with solitary metastasis to the stomach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Sung Ae; Lee, Kyung Hee

    2014-09-25

    Although hematogenous metastasis of cancer to the gastrointestinal track is rare, it sometime has been reported in patients with malignant melanoma and breast cancer. However, it is extremely rare for lung cancer to metastasize to the stomach, not to mention solitary gastric metastasis. Herein, the authors report a case of a 69-year-old man who was initially diagnosed with lung cancer with synchronous primary gastric cancer which proved to be lung cancer with solitary gastric metastasis after the operation.

  17. Solitary Wave in One-dimensional Buckyball System at Nanoscale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jun; Zheng, Bowen; Liu, Yilun

    2016-01-01

    We have studied the stress wave propagation in one-dimensional (1-D) nanoscopic buckyball (C60) system by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and quantitative modeling. Simulation results have shown that solitary waves are generated and propagating in the buckyball system through impacting one buckyball at one end of the buckyball chain. We have found the solitary wave behaviors are closely dependent on the initial temperature and impacting speed of the buckyball chain. There are almost no dispersion and dissipation of the solitary waves (stationary solitary wave) for relatively low temperature and high impacting speed. While for relatively high temperature and low impacting speed the profile of the solitary waves is highly distorted and dissipated after propagating several tens of buckyballs. A phase diagram is proposed to describe the effect of the temperature and impacting speed on the solitary wave behaviors in buckyball system. In order to quantitatively describe the wave behavior in buckyball system, a simple nonlinear-spring model is established, which can describe the MD simulation results at low temperature very well. The results presented in this work may lay a solid step towards the further understanding and manipulation of stress wave propagation and impact energy mitigation at nanoscale. PMID:26891624

  18. On cusped solitary waves in finite water depth

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Shijun

    2013-01-01

    It is well-known that the Camassa-Holm (CH) equation admits both of the peaked and cusped solitary waves in shallow water. However, it was an open question whether or not the exact wave equations can admit them in finite water depth. Besides, it was traditionally believed that cusped solitary waves, whose 1st-derivative tends to infinity at crest, are essentially different from peaked solitary ones with finite 1st-derivative. Currently, based on the symmetry and the exact water wave equations, Liao [1] proposed a unified wave model (UWM) for progressive gravity waves in finite water depth. The UWM admits not only all traditional smooth progressive waves but also the peaked solitary waves in finite water depth: in other words, the peaked solitary progressive waves are consistent with the traditional smooth ones. In this paper, in the frame of the linearized UWM, we further give, for the first time, the cusped solitary waves in finite water depth, and besides reveal a close relationship between the cusped and p...

  19. Solitary mammals provide an animal model for autism spectrum disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reser, Jared Edward

    2014-02-01

    Species of solitary mammals are known to exhibit specialized, neurological adaptations that prepare them to focus working memory on food procurement and survival rather than on social interaction. Solitary and nonmonogamous mammals, which do not form strong social bonds, have been documented to exhibit behaviors and biomarkers that are similar to endophenotypes in autism. Both individuals on the autism spectrum and certain solitary mammals have been reported to be low on measures of affiliative need, bodily expressiveness, bonding and attachment, direct and shared gazing, emotional engagement, conspecific recognition, partner preference, separation distress, and social approach behavior. Solitary mammals also exhibit certain biomarkers that are characteristic of autism, including diminished oxytocin and vasopressin signaling, dysregulation of the endogenous opioid system, increased Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) activity to social encounters, and reduced HPA activity to separation and isolation. The extent of these similarities suggests that solitary mammals may offer a useful model of autism spectrum disorders and an opportunity for investigating genetic and epigenetic etiological factors. If the brain in autism can be shown to exhibit distinct homologous or homoplastic similarities to the brains of solitary animals, it will reveal that they may be central to the phenotype and should be targeted for further investigation. Research of the neurological, cellular, and molecular basis of these specializations in other mammals may provide insight for behavioral analysis, communication intervention, and psychopharmacology for autism.

  20. Invasive Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Invasive species have significantly changed the Great Lakes ecosystem. An invasive species is a plant or animal that is not native to an ecosystem, and whose introduction is likely to cause economic, human health, or environmental damage.

  1. Multicystic benign mesothelioma of the peritoneum presenting as postmenopausal bleeding and a solitary pelvic cyst--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varma, Rajesh; Wallace, Rosemary

    2004-01-01

    All non-invasive diagnostic algorithms suffer from diagnostic uncertainty in discriminating benign from malignant adnexal masses. We present a case where the identification of a large solitary multiloculated pelvic cyst in a woman with postmenopausal bleeding was shown to be multifocal multicystic benign mesothelioma (MBM) of the peritoneum at laparotomy. We wish to alert gynaecologists of this rare association and the unique appearance of mesothelioma lesions, which many would not instantly recognise. There is a lack of consensus on the treatment and follow-up of MBM. Most authorities consider curative treatment of MBM is achievable through complete disease cytoreduction (peritonectomy) as carried out in the case.

  2. Solitary second metatarsal metastasis as the first site of distant spread in TCC urinary bladder: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Siddharth; Kumar, Rajeev

    2015-01-01

    Metastasis to the skeleton is uncommon in muscle-invasive carcinoma of the urinary bladder. When present, it most commonly involves the axial and proximal appendicular skeleton, and acrometastasis (metastasis to hand and foot) is very rare. We report a patient who developed a solitary metastatic lesion of the left metatarsal 2 weeks after radical cystectomy. The lack of suspicion and magnetic resonance imaging findings suggestive of inflammation led to a diagnosis of tubercular osteomyelitis and antitubercular therapy was started. The patient developed nodal metastasis and, because the foot lesion did not respond to treatment, fine needle aspiration cytology from it revealed poorly differentiated metastatic cancer.

  3. Food searching and superparasitism in solitary parasitoids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirot, Etienne; Bernstein, Carlos

    Optimality theory predicts that, provided that a larva resulting from superparasitism has some chance of winning the competition with the other larvae present in the host, under certain conditions, solitatry parasitoids should resort to superparasitism. Both theoretical and experimental studies have shown that the life expectancy of the parasitoid has a strong influence on the decision to reject or to accept superparasitism. In many species, life expectancy on its turn depends on the feeding behaviour of the parasitoids, which have to forage for non-host food (mainly plant materials), for the maintenance of their energy reseves. As many solitary parasitoids do not find non-host food in their host patches, they have to choose at each instant whether to search for food or to search for hosts. In this paper, we develop a stochastic dynamic programming model to study the behavioural choice between host and food searching, and its consequences for the acceptance and rejection of superparasitism. We study the influence of habitat quality and parasitoid physiological state on the optimal choice. The model predicts that the crucial point determining the optimal strategy is the balance between egg-and time-limitation.

  4. Intracranial solitary fibrous tumor: Imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clarencon, Frederic, E-mail: fredclare5@msn.com [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Bonneville, Fabrice [Department of Neuroradiology, Hopital Rangueil, Toulouse University Hospital, 31000 Toulouse (France); Rousseau, Audrey [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Galanaud, Damien [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France); Kujas, Michele [Department of Neuropathology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Naggara, Olivier [Department of Neuroradiology, St Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris (France); Cornu, Philippe [Department of Neurosurgery, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (France); Chiras, Jacques [Department of Neuroradiology, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, APHP, 75013 Paris (France)

    2011-11-15

    Objective: To study the neuroimaging features of intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (ISFTs). Materials and methods: Retrospective study of neuroimaging features of 9 consecutive histopathologically proven ISFT cases. Location, size, shape, density, signal intensity and gadolinium uptake were studied at CT and MRI. Data collected from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (3 patients), perfusion imaging and MR spectroscopy (2 patients), and DSA (4 patients) were also analyzed. Results: The tumors most frequently arose from the intracranial meninges (7/9), while the other lesions were intraventricular. Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 10 cm (mean = 6.6 cm). They presented multilobular shape in 6/9 patients. Most ISFTs were heterogeneous (7/9) with areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhanced after gadolinium administration (6/8). Erosion of the skull was present in about half of the cases (4/9). Components with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient were seen in 2/3 ISFTs on DWI. Spectroscopy revealed elevated peaks of choline and myo-inositol. MR perfusion showed features of hyperperfusion. Conclusion: ISFT should be considered in cases of extra-axial, supratentorial, heterogeneous, hypervascular tumor. Areas of low T2 signal intensity that strongly enhance after gadolinium injection are suggestive of this diagnosis. Restricted diffusion and elevated peak of myo-inositol may be additional valuable features.

  5. Solitary magnetic perturbations at the ELM onset

    CERN Document Server

    Wenninger, RP; Boom, JE; Burckhart, A; Dunne, MG; Dux, R; Eich, T; Fischer, R; Fuchs, C; Garcia-Munoz, M; Igochine, V; Hoelzl, M; Luhmann, NC; Lunt, T; Maraschek, M; Mueller, HW; Park, HK; Schneider, PA; Sommer, F; Suttrop, W; Viezzer, E

    2012-01-01

    Edge localised modes (ELMs) allow maintaining sufficient purity of tokamak H-mode plasmas and thus enable stationary H-mode. On the other hand in a future device ELMs may cause divertor power flux densities far in excess of tolerable material limits. The size of the energy loss per ELM is determined by saturation effects in the non-linear phase of the ELM, which at present is hardly understood. Solitary magnetic perturbations (SMPs) are identified as dominant features in the radial magnetic fluctuations below 100kHz. They are typically observed close (+-0.1ms) to the onset of pedestal erosion. SMPs are field aligned structures rotating in the electron diamagnetic drift direction with perpendicular velocities of about 10km/s. A comparison of perpendicular velocities suggests that the perturbation evoking SMPs is located at or inside the separatrix. Analysis of very pronounced examples showed that the number of peaks per toroidal turn is 1 or 2, which is clearly lower than corresponding numbers in linear stabil...

  6. Solitary caecum diverticulitis mimicking acute appendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hot, Semih; Eğin, Seracettin; Gökçek, Berk; Yeşiltaş, Metin; Alemdar, Ali; Akan, Arzu; Karahan, Servet Rüştü

    2015-12-01

    Solitary cecum diverticulum is a benign formation, but it can be complicated with inflammation, perforation and bleeding. Cecum diverticulitis (CD) is the most common complication of caecal diverticulum and it has the highest incidence among Asians, but it is a rare condition in the western world. The incidence of colonic diverticular disease can vary according to national origin, cultural structure and nutritional habits. CD is not common in our country, but it is an important situation because of its clinical similarity with the commonly seen acute right side abdominal diseases like acute appendicitis. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult, and hence, the actual frequency is not known. The treatment of CD can vary from medical therapy to right hemi colectomy. In this study, we presented ten CD cases on whom surgical resection was performed in our surgery unit during the last 8 years. Our purpose was to increase the awareness of surgeons about this situation, and so, make them pay attention for not having their first experience in the operating room.

  7. Renal malignant solitary fibrous tumor with single lymph node involvement: report of unusual metastasis and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mearini E

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Ettore Mearini,1 Giovanni Cochetti,1 Francesco Barillaro,1 Sonia Fatigoni,2 Fausto Roila2 1Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Division of Urological Andrological Surgery and Minimally Invasive Techniques, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy; 2Medical Oncology, S Maria Hospital, Terni, Italy Abstract: Solitary fibrous tumors are rare mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasms that are usually found in the pleura. The kidneys are an uncommon site and only few cases of renal solitary fibrous tumor exhibit malignant behavior metastasizing to the liver, lung, and bone through the hematogenous pathway. Purpose: To describe the first case of lymph node metastasis from renal solitary fibrous tumor in order to increase the knowledge about the malignant behavior of these tumors. Patients and methods: A 19-year-old female patient had intermittent hematuria for several months without flank pain or other symptoms. A chest and abdomen CT scan was performed and showed a multi-lobed bulky solid mass of 170 × 98 × 120 mm in the left kidney. One day before the surgery, the left renal artery was catheterized and the kidney embolization was performed using a Haemostatic Absorbable Gelatin Sponge and polyvinyl alcohol. We then performed a radical nephrectomy with hilar, para-aortic, and inter-aortocaval lymphadenectomy. Results: Estimated intraoperative blood loss was 200 mL and the operative time was 100 minutes. No postoperative complications occurred. The hospital stay was 7 days long. The histological examination was malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Cancerous tissue showed cellular atypia, with an increased mitotic index (up to 7 × 10 hpf. Immunohistochemical analysis showed positive results for CD34, BCL2, partial expression of HBME1, and occasionally of synaptophysin. Histological evaluation confirmed the presence of metastasis in one hilar node. The patient did not receive any other therapy. At 30-month follow-up, the

  8. Solitary infantile myofibromatosis of the cranial vault: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merciadri, Paolo; Pavanello, Marco; Nozza, Paolo; Consales, Alessandro; Ravegnani, Giuseppe Marcello; Piatelli, Gianluca; Gandolfo, Carlo; Cama, Armando

    2011-04-01

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a mesenchymal disorder of early childhood characterized by the formation of tumors in the skin, muscle, viscera, bone, and subcutaneous tissue. Although relatively rare overall, it represents the most common fibrous tumor of infancy. The etiology of this disorder is unknown. Infantile myofibromatosis can present as a solitary or multicentric form. With the multicentric form, bone is often involved, but solitary bone lesions account for only 10% of the cases. Imaging findings are not pathognomonic, and the differential diagnosis usually includes eosinophilic granuloma (Langerhans cell histiocytosis), osteomyelitis, metastasis, osteoblastoma, epidermoid cyst, hemangioma, fibrous dysplasia, fibrosarcoma, and meningioma. A histological pattern is typical, but there are no histopathological differences between the solitary and multicentric forms. Solitary lesions generally have a favorable prognosis if totally removed, with a 10% recurrence rate; incompletely resected lesions recur. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who came to our attention with a solitary infantile myofibroma of the calvarium, appearing as a tight-elastic, lightly tender mass in the left frontal area, eroding both the inner and the outer tables. Histopathologically, the specimens showed a spindle-cell tumor with dense reticulin fiber network and expression of smooth muscle actin. Fifty-eight months MR follow-up after total removal showed no residual or relapse.

  9. Laparoscopic Rectopexy in Solitary Rectal Ulcer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Salmanroughani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Patients with Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome (SRUS come to a physician with passage of mucus and bloody liquid within defecation. The treatment for SRUS is depended to the severity of symptoms and the existance of rectal prolapse. This study is a report of the assessing of rectopexy as surgical modalities for 62 medical treatment resistant SRUS patients who were referred to the gastrointestinal department of Shahid Sadoughi Medical University and Mojibian hospital. The present non-randomized clinical trial was carried out in 62 SRUS patients from 1991 till 2005. In these patients SRUS was confirmed by histology. They were symptomatic after conservative therapy and referred for surgical intervention. All of them had been undergone abdominal rectopexy by two laparoscopic surgeons. In our study, rectal bleeding and history of digitalization had the highest and lowest frequency of symptoms and signs in our cases respectively. Abdominal rectopexy was done in 39 cases and complete recovery in our cases was 69.23%. Complete recovery rate in cases with dysplasia (63.8% was significantly higher than cases without that (P=0.04. Complete recovery rate in cases that had finger defecation (85% was significantly higher than cases without that (50% (P=0.03. Laparoscopic rectopexy is one of the main surgical techniques for treatment of SRUS. This technique can present complete recovery for SRUS patients. Some of them include topical medications, behavior modification supplemented by fiber and biofeedback and surgery were more available and studied. But it seems that education of SRUS patient conservative treatment remain cornerstone in the SRUS management.

  10. Solitary pancreas retransplant: Study of 22 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tércio Genzini

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present our experience with pancreas retransplantin patients previously submitted to simultaneous pancreas-kidneytransplant, pancreas after kidney transplant and pancreastransplant alone. Methods: Between January/1996 and December/2005, 330 pancreas transplants were performed: 308 primarytransplants and 22 (6% retransplants of solitary pancreas. Thefollowing variables were analyzed: patient age; time elapsedbetween the first and the second transplant; causes of loss of thefirst graft; technical characteristics of the transplant andretransplant and the criteria for selecting donors for retransplant.These clinical data were submitted to statistical analysis. Results:The mean age of patients was 34.3 years and the mean elapsedtime between the first and second transplant was 19.3 months.The causes of the first graft loss were venous (8; 35% and arterial(5; 23% thrombosis, chronic rejection (4; 18%, ischemia/reperfusion injury (2, reflux pancreatitis (1, primary non-function(1 and sepsis (1. A second transplant was performed in thesame iliac fossa in 16 patients (72%. Venous drainage wasperformed in the iliac vein in 16 patients (72%, in the inferior venacava in 5 patients (22% and in the portal vein in one patient. 6 allbladder drainage was the technique used in 18 (82% cases andenteric drainage, in 4 patients (18%. Immunosuppressive regimenapplied to all cases was quadruple therapy with antilymphocyteinduction, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and steroids. Therewas one early death due to sepsis. One-year patient and pancreasgraft survival rates for retransplants were, respectively, 95% and85%. There was no additional risk for removing the pancreas graftat retransplant. Conclusion: Pancreas retransplant was technicallyfeasible in all cases and results similar to those described in theliterature were found for primary pancreas transplant.

  11. Clinicopathological analysis of solitary fibrous tumor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiumei Zhang; Hai Wang; Shujing Wang; Jinfeng Miao; Zhengai Piao; Yingying Dong

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, molecular genetics, treatment and prognosis of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Methods: The clinicopathological manifestations were analyzed retrospectively in 22 patients with surgically confirmed SFT. Results: There were 12 male patients and 10 female patients, with the age range 33–67 (mean 48.62) years. The SFTs originated from different from parts of the body, including 13 in the chest, 2 in the lungs, 3 in the abdomen, 1 in the lumbosacral area, 2 in the pelvis, and 1 in the left shoulder. There were 19 benign and 3 malignant tumors. Major clinical presentations were local masses and compression symptoms. Microscopy: the tumor was composed of areas of alternating hypercellularity and hypocellularity. The tumor cells were spindle to short-spindle shaped and arranged in fascicular or storiform pattern and hemangiopericytoma-like structure was presented. Immunohistochemically, Vimentin positive rate was 100% (22/22), Bcl-2 positive rate was 95.5% (21/22), CD99 positive rate was 86.4% (19/22), CD34 positive rate was 81.8 (18/22), focally positive for P53, as well as negative CK, S100 and Desmin. Ki67 labelling index was 2%–30%. Conclusion: SFT is a rare tumor which may be found in various parts of human body. SFT mostly is a benign tumor, but a few could be malignant. Its diagnosis mainly rely on its morphologic features and immunohistochemical profiles. The major treatment is to completely resect it by operation and long-term clinical follow-up is necessary.

  12. Gene expression profiling of solitary fibrous tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Bertucci

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs are rare spindle-cell tumors. Their cell-of-origin and molecular basis are poorly known. They raise several clinical problems. Differential diagnosis may be difficult, prognosis is poorly apprehended by histoclinical features, and no effective therapy exists for advanced stages. METHODS: We profiled 16 SFT samples using whole-genome DNA microarrays and analyzed their expression profiles with publicly available profiles of 36 additional SFTs and 212 soft tissue sarcomas (STSs. Immunohistochemistry was applied to validate the expression of some discriminating genes. RESULTS: SFTs displayed whole-genome expression profiles more homogeneous and different from STSs, but closer to genetically-simple than genetically-complex STSs. The SFTs/STSs comparison identified a high percentage (∼30% of genes as differentially expressed, most of them without any DNA copy number alteration. One of the genes most overexpressed in SFTs encoded the ALDH1 stem cell marker. Several upregulated genes and associated ontologies were also related to progenitor/stem cells. SFTs also overexpressed genes encoding therapeutic targets such as kinases (EGFR, ERBB2, FGFR1, JAK2, histone deacetylases, or retinoic acid receptors. Their overexpression was found in all SFTs, regardless the anatomical location. Finally, we identified a 31-gene signature associated with the mitotic count, containing many genes related to cell cycle/mitosis, including AURKA. CONCLUSION: We established a robust repertoire of genes differentially expressed in SFTs. Certain overexpressed genes could provide new diagnostic (ALDH1A1, prognostic (AURKA and/or therapeutic targets.

  13. Solitary median maxillary central incisor (SMMCI syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hall Roger K

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome (SMMCI is a complex disorder consisting of multiple, mainly midline defects of development resulting from unknown factor(s operating in utero about the 35th–38th day(s from conception. It is estimated to occur in 1:50,000 live births. Aetiology is uncertain. Missense mutation in the SHH gene (I111F at 7q36 may be associated with SMMCI. The SMMCI tooth differs from the normal central incisor, in that the crown form is symmetric; it develops and erupts precisely in the midline of the maxillary dental arch in both primary and permanent dentitions. Congenital nasal malformation (choanal atresia, midnasal stenosis or congenital pyriform aperture stenosis is positively associated with SMMCI. The presence of an SMMCI tooth can predict associated anomalies and in particular the serious anomaly holoprosencephaly. Common congenital anomalies associated with SMMCI are: severe to mild intellectual disability, congenital heart disease, cleft lip and/or palate and less frequently, microcephaly, hypopituitarism, hypotelorism, convergent strabismus, oesophageal and duodenal atresia, cervical hemivertebrae, cervical dermoid, hypothyroidism, scoliosis, absent kidney, micropenis and ambiguous genitalia. Short stature is present in half the children. Diagnosis should be made by eight months of age, but can be made at birth and even prenatally at 18–22 weeks from the routine mid-trimester ultrasound scan. Management depends upon the individual anomalies present. Choanal stenosis requires emergency surgical treatment. Short stature may require growth hormone therapy. SMMCI tooth itself is mainly an aesthetic problem, which is ideally managed by combined orthodontic, prosthodontic and oral surgical treatment; alternatively, it can be left untreated.

  14. The novel multi-solitary wave solution to the fifth-order KdV equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yi; Chen Deng-Yuan

    2004-01-01

    By using Hirota's method, the novel multi-solitary wave solutions to the fifth-order KdV equation are obtained.Furthermore, various new solitary wave solutions are also derived by a reconstructed bilinear Backlund transformation.

  15. Diffractons: Solitary Waves Created by Diffraction in Periodic Media

    KAUST Repository

    Ketcheson, David I.

    2015-03-31

    A new class of solitary waves arises in the solution of nonlinear wave equations with constant impedance and no dispersive terms. These solitary waves depend on a balance between nonlinearity and a dispersion-like effect due to spatial variation in the sound speed of the medium. A high-order homogenized model confirms this effective dispersive behavior, and its solutions agree well with those obtained by direct simulation of the variable-coefficient system. These waves are observed to be long-time stable, globally attracting solutions that arise in general as solutions to nonlinear wave problems with periodically varying sound speed. They share some properties with known classes of solitary waves but possess important differences as well.

  16. Shoaling Large Amplitude Internal Solitary Waves in a Laboratory Tank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allshouse, Michael; Larue, Conner; Swinney, Harry

    2014-11-01

    The shoaling of internal solitary waves onto the continental shelf can change both the wave dynamics and the state of the environment. Previous observations have demonstrated that these waves can trap fluid and transport it over long distances. Through the use of a camshaft-based wavemaker, we produce large amplitude shoaling waves in a stratified fluid in a laboratory tank. Simulations of solitary waves are used to guide the tuning of the wave generator to approximate solitary waves; thus nonlinear waves can be produced within the 4m long tank. PIV and synthetic schlieren measurements are made to study the transport of fluid by the wave as it moves up a sloping boundary. The results are then compared to numerical simulations and analyzed using finite time Lyapunov exponent calculations. This Lagrangian analysis provides an objective measure of barriers surrounding trapped regions in the flow. Supported by ONR MURI Grant N000141110701 (WHOI).

  17. A rare gigantic solitary cysticercosis pseudotumour of the neck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seif J Uledi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Cysticercosis is one of the ancient parasitic infections and endemic in many parts of the developing world. Humans acquire cysticercosis when they ingest pork tapeworm eggs either through faecal-oral route by eating faecally contaminated food or by auto infection.The clinical picture largely depends on the location of larval encystment. Neurocysticercosis is the most common form of presentation. Solitary extra neural lesions are quite rare and fairly small in size.We present a very unique case of 56 year old Malawian female with a very rare, long standing gigantic solitary cysticercosis pseudo tumour of the neck. By far, there is no documented report on incorrigible cysticercosis lesion with such a sheer size.Solitary extraneural cysticercosis lesions may mimic other soft tissue masses; therefore it is important for clinicians working in endemic regions to consider cysticercosis as a differential diagnosis when evaluating patients with soft tissue lesions.

  18. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma with desmoplasia on histopathology: An unusual finding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundeep Chowdhry

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Trichoepithelioma is a well-recognized hamartoma of hair germ clinically presenting as solitary or multiple papules. Uncommonly, it may present as a large solitary lesion, termed as giant solitary trichoepithelioma (GST. A 50-year old man presented with a large, pedunculated mass over the root of nose obstructing visual field. It was excised and sent for histopathological examination. H&E staining revealed in addition to characteristic features of trichoepithelioma, a desmoplastic hypocellular stroma. After taking into account the clinical and histopathological features, a diagnosis of GST was made. This case is the first case to the best of authors’ knowledge describing desmoplastic stroma in a case of GST. It is also noteworthy because it reports the largest GST described so far over the nose.

  19. On solitary patterns in Lotka-Volterra chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilburg, Alon; Rosenau, Philip

    2016-03-01

    We present and study a class of Lotka-Volterra chains with symmetric 2N-neighbors interactions. To identify the types of solitary waves which may propagate along the chain, we study their quasi-continuum approximations which, depending on the coupling between neighbors, reduce into a large variety of partial differential equations. Notable among the emerging equations is a bi-cubic equation {u}t={[{{bu}}2+2κ {{uu}}{xx}+{({u}{xx})}2]}x which we study in some detail. It begets remarkably stable topological and non-topological solitary compactons that interact almost elastically. They are used to identify discretons, their solitary discrete antecedents on the lattice, which decay at a doubly exponential rate. Many of the discrete modes are robust while others either decompose or evolve into breathers.

  20. Solitary calvarial metastases : An unusual presentation of thoracic neuroblastoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grover S

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A primary thoracic origin occurs only in 20% of neuroblastomas, and their classical presentation is mediastinal or cord compression. Skeletal metastases of neuroblastomas are characteristically multiple, and calvarial deposits usually show simultaneous involvement of orbit. Solitary metastases in neuroblastoma, is an unusual entity and its presentation as a large calvarial mass, especially from a thoracic primary, is rare. Furthermore, calvarial metastases are relatively uncommon in children compared to adults. We discuss the clinical, radiographic, CT features, and differential diagnosis of a large calvarial mass with sunray spiculation in a child, which was due to a solitary metastases from an occult thoracic neuroblastoma. The possibility of neuroblastoma presenting in this unique fashion and the importance of considering a chemosensitive tumor such as neuroblastoma in the differential diagnosis of a solitary calvarial mass in a child is highlighted by our report.

  1. Solitary and freak waves in superthermal plasma with ion jet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelsalam, U. M.; Abdelsalam

    2013-06-01

    The nonlinear solitary and freak waves in a plasma composed of positive and negative ions, superthermal electrons, ion beam, and stationary dust particles have been investigated. The reductive perturbation method is used to obtain the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation describing the system. The latter admits solitary wave solution, while the dynamics of the modulationally unstable wavepackets described by the KdV equation gives rise to the formation of freak/rogue excitation described by the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. In order to show that the characteristics of solitary and freak waves are influenced by plasma parameters, relevant numerical analysis of appropriate nonlinear solutions are presented. The results from this work predict nonlinear excitations that may associate with ion jet and superthermal electrons in Herbig-Haro objects.

  2. Quantum ion-acoustic solitary waves in weak relativistic plasma

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biswajit Sahu

    2011-06-01

    Small amplitude quantum ion-acoustic solitary waves are studied in an unmagnetized twospecies relativistic quantum plasma system, comprised of electrons and ions. The one-dimensional quantum hydrodynamic model (QHD) is used to obtain a deformed Korteweg–de Vries (dKdV) equation by reductive perturbation method. A linear dispersion relation is also obtained taking into account the relativistic effect. The properties of quantum ion-acoustic solitary waves, obtained from the deformed KdV equation, are studied taking into account the quantum mechanical effects in the weak relativistic limit. It is found that relativistic effects significantly modify the properties of quantum ion-acoustic waves. Also the effect of the quantum parameter on the nature of solitary wave solutions is studied in some detail.

  3. Numerical Simulation of Cylindrical Solitary Waves in Periodic Media

    KAUST Repository

    Quezada de Luna, Manuel

    2013-07-14

    We study the behavior of nonlinear waves in a two-dimensional medium with density and stress relation that vary periodically in space. Efficient approximate Riemann solvers are developed for the corresponding variable-coefficient first-order hyperbolic system. We present direct numerical simulations of this multiscale problem, focused on the propagation of a single localized perturbation in media with strongly varying impedance. For the conditions studied, we find little evidence of shock formation. Instead, solutions consist primarily of solitary waves. These solitary waves are observed to be stable over long times and to interact in a manner approximately like solitons. The system considered has no dispersive terms; these solitary waves arise due to the material heterogeneity, which leads to strong reflections and effective dispersion.

  4. Clinical analysis of bone scanning in solitary lesion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A rational analysis procedure for solitary lesions on whole bone scan-ning was offered. This study was undertaken to analyze retrospectively solitary le-sions which obtained final diagnose through the following aspects: (1) diagnosis ofbone metastasis, (2) the incidence of bone metastasis in different tumor, (3) the mostpossible lesion sites indicating bone metastasis, (4) morphological analysis of solitarylesions. The results are: (1) The incidence of solitary lesions in 2465 cases on wholebone scanning is 15.3%. (2) The rate of bone metastasis is 24.8% in 282 patientswith primary malignancy. The rate of bone metastasis is 6.3% in 64 patients withoutprimary malignancy, and the total diagnostic rate of bone metastasis is 21.4% in 346patients. (3) In patients with primary malignancy, the incidence of bone metastasis ofsolitary lesions is as follows respectively: bronchi cancer 36.1%(22/61); breast cancer23.8%(20/84); prostate gland 17.2%(5/29); other urinary system cancer 22.2%(4/18):G.I. system cancer 16.9%(10/59); others 29.0%(9/31). There is no significant differ-ence in different cancer. (4) In patients without primary malignancy, 93.7%(60/64) ofsolitary lesions are benign. (5) From anatomical point of view, we found the diagnos-tic rate of bone metastasis is as follow: 30% in spine; 34.2% in pelvis; 36.4% in skull;10.8% in other bones. There are significant differences in four groups. It is concludedthat: (1) The diagnostic rate of bone metastasis in solitary lesions is 21.4%. (2) Themost possible solitary lesions indicating osseous tumor spread are at spine, pelvic andskull. (3) Special attention to "cold" and streak like lesions should be paid. (4) Aclinical analysis procedure for diagnosis of solitary lesions has been summarized outhere.``

  5. Serotonin enhances solitariness in phase transition of the migratory locust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojiao eGuo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The behavioral plasticity of locusts is a striking trait presented during the reversible phase transition between solitary and gregarious individuals. However, the results of serotonin as a neurotransmitter from the migratory locust Locusta migratoria in phase transition showed an alternative profile compared to the results from the desert locust Schistoserca gregaria. In this study, we investigated the roles of serotonin in the brain during the phase change of the migratory locust. During the isolation of gregarious nymphs, the concentration of serotonin in the brain increased significantly, whereas serotonin receptors (i.e. 5-HT1, 5-HT2 and 5-HT7 we identified here showed invariable expression patterns. Pharmacological intervention showed that serotonin injection in the brain of gregarious nymphs did not induced the behavior change toward solitariness, but injection of this chemical in isolated gregarious nymphs accelerated the behavioral change from gregarious to solitary phase. During the crowding of solitary nymphs, the concentration of serotonin in the brain remained unchanged, whereas 5-HT2 increased after 1 h of crowding and maintained stable expression level thereafter. Activation of serotonin-5-HT2 signaling with a pharmaceutical agonist inhibited the gregariousness of solitary nymphs in crowding treatment. These results indicate that the fluctuations of serotonin content and 5-HT2 expression are results of locust phase change. Overall, this study demonstrates that serotonin enhances the solitariness of the gregarious locusts. Serotonin may regulate the withdrawal-like behavioral pattern displayed during locust phase change and this mechanism is conserved in different locust species.

  6. Solitary Eccrine Syringofibroadenoma and Successful Treatment with Cryotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkaya, Dilek Biyik; Su, Ozlem; Bahalı, Anıl Gülsel; Topukçu, Bugce; Dizman, Didem; Tosuner, Zeynep; Demirkesen, Cuyan; Onsun, Nahide

    2016-05-01

    First described in 1963, eccrine syringofibroadenoma (ESFA) is a rare benign tumor that proliferates with differentiation toward ductal eccrine structures. There are many clinical presentations, including plaques, papules, verrucous plaques, keratotic tumors, and solitary tumors. The age of onset varies, with presentation between 16 and 80 years; however, solitary lesions are seen most commonly in the seventh and eighth decades. Here, we present the case of a 72-year-old woman referred to our outpatient clinic with a nodule on her leg. The histopathology result was ESFA. The lesion regressed after six cryotherapy sessions. Physicians should consider the possibility of ESFA and must remember its malignant potential in elderly patients.

  7. A case of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ricciardo, Bernadette

    2012-02-01

    A newborn baby boy was referred to the Paediatric Dermatology Unit with a solitary asymptomatic nodule overlying his right nasolabial fold. Complete physical examination, full blood count, serum chemistry, liver function tests and baseline imaging were unremarkable. Histopathological examination showed an atypical dermal infiltrate of mononuclear cells that stained positive with CD1a and S100. A diagnosis of congenital solitary Langerhans cell histiocytoma was made. The lesion completely resolved by 4 months of age. The baby is now 15 months old and repeat systemic evaluation has remained normal.

  8. Measurement of velocity field in parametrically excited solitary waves

    CERN Document Server

    Gordillo, Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    Paramerically excited solitary waves emerge as localized structures in high-aspect-ratio free surfaces subject to vertical vibrations. Herein, we provide the first experimental characterization of the hydrodynamics of thess waves using Particle Image Velocimetry. We show that the underlying velocity field of parametrically excited solitary waves is mainly composed by an oscillatory velocity field. Our results confirm the accuracy of Hamiltonian models with added dissipation in describing this field. Remarkably, our measurements also uncover the onset of a streaming velocity field which is shown to be as important as other crucial nonlinear terms in the current theory. The observed streaming pattern is particularly interesting due to the presence of oscillatory meniscii.

  9. Solitary structures with ion and electron thermal anisotropy

    CERN Document Server

    Khusroo, Murchana

    2015-01-01

    Formation of electrostatic solitary structures are analysed for a magnetised plasma with ion and electron thermal anisotropies. The ion thermal anisotropy is modelled with the help of the Chew-Goldberger-Low (CGL) double adiabatic equations of state while the electrons are treated as inertia-less species with an anisotropic bi-Maxwellian velocity distribution function. A negative electron thermal anisotropy $(T_{e\\perp}/T_e{\\parallel}>1)$ is found to help form large amplitude solitary structures which are in agreement with observational data.

  10. Effect of nonthermal ion distribution and dust temperature on nonlinear dust-acoustic solitary waves

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Annou; R Annou

    2012-01-01

    Dust-acoustic solitary waves in unmagnetized dusty plasma whose constituents are inertial charged dust grains, Boltzmannian electrons and nonthermal ions have been investigated by taking into account finite dust temperature. The pseudopotential has been used to study solitary solution. The existence of solitary waves having negative potential is reported.

  11. Single-peak solitary wave solutions for the variant Boussinesq equations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hong Li; Lilin Ma; Dahe Feng

    2013-06-01

    This paper presents all possible smooth, cusped solitary wave solutions for the variant Boussinesq equations under the inhomogeneous boundary condition. The parametric conditions for the existence of smooth, cusped solitary wave solutions are given using the phase portrait analytical technique. Asymptotic analysis and numerical simulations are provided for smooth, cusped solitary wave solutions of the variant Boussinesq equations.

  12. Existence,Orbital Stability and Instability of Solitary Waves for Coupled BBM Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-wei Cui

    2009-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the orbital stability/instability of solitary waves for coupled BBM equations which have Hamiltonian form.The explicit solitary wave solutions will be worked out first.Then by detailed spectral analysis and decaying estimates of solutions for the initial value problem,we obtain the orbital stability/instability of solitary waves.

  13. Immunophenotyping invasive breast cancer: paving the road for molecular imaging.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, J.F.; Brussel, A.S. van; Groep, P. van der; Morsink, F.H.; Bult, P.; Wall, E. van der; Diest, P.J. van

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mammographic population screening in The Netherlands has increased the number of breast cancer patients with small and non-palpable breast tumors. Nevertheless, mammography is not ultimately sensitive and specific for distinct subtypes. Molecular imaging with targeted tracers m

  14. Immunophenotyping invasive breast cancer: paving the road for molecular imaging.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, J.F.; Brussel, A.S. van; Groep, P. van der; Morsink, F.H.; Bult, P.; Wall, E. van der; Diest, P.J. van

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mammographic population screening in The Netherlands has increased the number of breast cancer patients with small and non-palpable breast tumors. Nevertheless, mammography is not ultimately sensitive and specific for distinct subtypes. Molecular imaging with targeted tracers m

  15. EXACT SOLITARY WAVE SOLUTIONS OF THETWO NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhuYanjuan; ZhangChunhua

    2005-01-01

    The solitary wave solutions of the combined KdV-mKdV-Burgers equation and the Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation are obtained by means of the direct algebra method, which can be generalized to deal with high dimensional nonlinear evolution equations.

  16. Reconstructive surgery in eight children with solitary kidneys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Jørgen Mogens

    1989-01-01

    Within a 10-year period reconstructive urinary tract surgery has been carried out in eight children with solitary kidneys. The children were 0-5 years old. Six had unilateral renal agenesis and two had unilateral multicystic kidney. In five children ureteroneocystostomy was performed, in two...

  17. Observations of Solitary Structures in a Magnetized, Plasma Loaded Waveguide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynov, Jens-Peter; Michelsen, Poul; Pécseli, Hans;

    1979-01-01

    Two types of solitary structure were investigated experimentally and numerically in a magnetized, plasma-loaded waveguide. One was identified as an ordinary KdV soliton and its properties were investigated with particular attention to the damping by resonant particles. The other type of pulse...

  18. INTERNAL TIDES, SOLITARY WAVES AND BORES IN SHALLOW SEAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛; 高天赋

    2001-01-01

    Remote sensing and in situ observations of internal tides, solitary waves and bores in shallow water are briefly reviewed in this paper. The emphasis is laid on interpreting SAR images based on oceanographic measurements, and analyzing characteristics of internal waves in the China Seas. Direc-tions for future research are discussed.

  19. INTERNAL TIDES, SOLITARY WAVES AND BORES IN SHALLOW SEAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Remote sensing and in situ observations of internal tides, solitary waves and bores in shallow water are briefly reviewed in this paper. The emphasis is laid on interpreting SAR images based on oceanographic measurements, and analyzing characteristics of internal waves in the China Seas. Directions for future research are discussed.

  20. Sound exposure of professional orchestral musicians during solitary practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Ian; Driscoll, Tim; Ackermann, Bronwen

    2013-10-01

    It is broadly acknowledged that professional orchestral musicians risk noise-induced hearing pathologies due to sound exposure in rehearsal and performance. While much has been published regarding orchestral sound levels, little is known of the sound exposure these musicians experience during solitary practice, despite the many hours they spend engaged in this activity. This study aimed to determine sound exposure during solitary practice of 35 professional orchestral musicians, representing players of most orchestral instruments. To allow cross-comparison, participants were assessed playing similar repertoire in a controlled environment, recording simultaneously at each ear to determine sound exposure levels. Sound levels were recorded between 60 and 107 dB L(Aeq), with peak levels between 101 and 130 dB L(C,peak). For average reported practice durations (2.1 h per day, five days a week) 53% would exceed accepted permissible daily noise exposure in solitary practice, in addition to sound exposure during orchestral rehearsals and performances. Significant inter-aural differences were noted in violin, viola, flute/piccolo, horn, trombone, and tuba. Only 40% used hearing protection at any time while practicing. These findings indicate orchestral musicians at risk of noise-induced hearing loss in ensemble face significant additional risks during solitary practice. Data presented will enable more effective and targeted management strategies for this population.

  1. Solitary waves in a nonintegrable Fermi-Pasta-Ulam chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truskinovsky, Lev; Vainchtein, Anna

    2014-10-01

    We present a family of exact solutions describing discrete solitary waves in a nonintegrable Fermi-Pasta-Ulam chain. The family is sufficiently rich to cover the whole spectrum of known behaviors from delocalized quasicontinuum waves moving with near-sonic velocities to highly localized anticontinuum excitations with only one particle moving at a time.

  2. Transarterial Onyx Embolization of an Orbital Solitary Fibrous Tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemi, Nafiseh; Ling, Jeanie D.; Soparkar, Charles; Sami, Mirwat; Ellezam, Benjamin; Klucznik, Richard; Lee, Andrew G.; Chévez-Barrios, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm sometimes found in the orbit. We report a case of an aggressive orbital SFT with enlarged feeding vessels that was successfully resected immediately after transarterial embolization with Onyx (ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer). To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the histopathology of Onyx embolization material in an orbital SFT. PMID:27171911

  3. Solitary Wave in Linear ODE with Variable Coefficients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shi-Da; FU Zun-Tao; LIU Shi-Kuo; XIN Guo-Jun; LIANG Fu-Ming; FENG Bei-Ye

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the linear ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients are obtained from thecontrolling equations satisfied by wavelet transform or atmospheric internal gravity waves, and these linear equationscan be further transformed into Weber equations. From Weber equations, the homoclinic orbit solutions can be derived,so the solitary wave solutions to linear equations with variable coefficients are obtained.

  4. Solitary Wave and Wave Front as Viewed From Curvature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shi-Kuo; FU Zun-Tao; LIU Shi-Da; LIANG Fu-Ming; XIN Guo-Jun

    2004-01-01

    The solitary wave and wave front are two important behaviors of nonlinear evolution equations. Geometri cally, solitary wave and wave front are all plane curve. In this paper, they can be represented in terms of curvature c(s), which varies with arc length s. For solitary wave when s →±∞, then its curvature c(s) approaches zero, and when s = 0, the curvature c(s) reaches its maximum. For wave front, when s →±∞, then its curvature c(s) approaches zero, and when s = 0, the curvature c(s) is still zero, but c'(s) ≠ 0. That is, s = 0 is a turning point. When c(s) is given, the variance at some point (x, y) in stream line with arc length s satisfies a 2-order linear variable-coefficient ordinary differential equation. From this equation, it can be determined qualitatively whether the given curvature is a solitary wave or wave front.

  5. Solitary plane waves in an isotropic hexagonal lattice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zolotaryuk, Yaroslav; Savin, A.V.; Christiansen, Peter Leth

    1998-01-01

    Solitary plane-wave solutions in a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice which can propagate in different directions on the plane are found by using the pseudospectral method. The main point of our studies is that the lattice model is isotropic and we show that the sound velocity is the same for diff...

  6. A Stylistic Appreciation of William Wordsworth's The Solitary Reaper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡园媛

    2009-01-01

    This paper, based on the literary stylistic approach, is about the analysis of William Wordsworth's lyrics The Solitary Reaper. The features in its metrics, lexis and imagery explicitly reveal the poet's love for human, passion for nature and principle of simplicity.

  7. Exact Periodic Solitary Solutions to the Shallow Water Wave Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Dong-Long; ZHAO Jun-Xiao

    2009-01-01

    Exact solutions to the shallow wave equation are studied based on the idea of the extended homoclinic test and bilinear method. Some explicit solutions, such as the one soliton solution, the doubly-periodic wave solution and the periodic solitary wave solutions, are obtained. In addition, the properties of the solutions are investigated.

  8. Internal solitary waves in the Red Sea: An unfolding mystery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    da Silva, J.C.B.; Magalhães, J.M.; Gerkema, T.; Maas, L.R.M.

    2012-01-01

    The off-shelf region between 16.0 degrees and 16.5 degrees N in the southern Red Sea is identified as a new hotspot for the occurrence of oceanic internal solitary waves. Satellite observations reveal trains of solitons that, surprisingly, appear to propagate from the center of the Red Sea, where it

  9. Solitary Wave and Wave Front as Viewed From Curvature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUShi-Kuo; FUZun-Tao; LIUShi-Da; LIANGFu-Ming; XINGuo-Jun

    2004-01-01

    The solitary wave and wave front are two important behaviors of nonlinear evolution equations. Geometrically, solitary wave and wave front are all plane curve. In this paper, they can be represented in terms of curvature c(s),which varies with arc length s. For solitary wave when s→±∞, then its curvature c(s) approaches zero, and whens = 0, the curvature c(s) reaches its maximum. For wave front, when s→±∞, then its curvature c(s) approaches zero,and when s = 0, the curvature c(s) is still zero, but c'(s)≠0. That is, s = 0 is a turning point. When c(s) is given,the variance at some point (x, y) in stream line with arc length s satisfies a 2-order linear variable-coeffcient ordinary differential equation. From this equation, it can be determined qualitatively whether the given curvature is a solitary wave or wave front.

  10. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with a solitary kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tufan Süelözgen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Material and method: The results of percutaneous nephrolithotomy applied to 716 patients in our clinic between January 2008 and January 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Age, gender, urinary calculi size (mm2, urinary calculi localization, ESWL history, operation duration (min, fluoroscopy duration (sec, access type, reason of solitary kidney, hemoglobin drawdown (g/dl and operation success of the patients with a solitary kidney were recorded. The patients having no preoperative and postoperative non contrast abdominal tomography were excluded from the study. Results: Fifteen of nineteen patients (79% were men and 4 of them (21% were women. The average age of the patients was 42.52 ± 16.72 (14-72. Ten patients had anatomical solitary kidney and nine patients had physiological solitary kidney. In fact counter kidney was non functional in 9 patients (47% whereas there was agenesis in 2 (11% and outcome of nephrectomy in 8 (42% patients. In our study, presence of residual stone less than 4 mm at 1st month postoperative non contrast abdominal tomography was accepted as a successful result and accordingly our success rate was detected as 84%. Mean urinary calculi size was 405 ± 252.9 mm2; urinary calculi localization was pelvic, lower pole, upper-middle pole, middle-lower pole and staghorn in 11 (58%, 4 (21%, 1 (5%, 1 (5% and 1 (5% patients, respectively; previous ESWL history was 16%; operation duration was 55.47-± 28.1 min and fluoroscopy duration 131.10 ± 87.6 sec; access type was subcostal in 79%, supracostal in 10.5% and multiple in 10.5%; hemoglobin drawdown was 1.75 ± 0.97 mg/dl. Conclusions: PNL can be effectively and safely administered for the treatment of solitary kidney. In the treatment of large urinary calculi in patients with a solitary kidney, PNL has some advantages such as short surgery duration, less complication, acceptable hemoglobin drawdown and high success rates. According to our study, PNL operation in patients with a

  11. Solitary Large Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Staging and Treatment Strategy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Hong Liu

    Full Text Available Controversies exist on staging and management of solitary large (>5 cm hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. This study aims to evaluate the impact of tumor size on Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC staging and treatment strategy.BCLC stage A and B patients were included and re-classified as single tumor 2-5 cm or up to 3 tumors ≤3 cm (group A; n = 657, single tumor >5 cm (group SL; n = 224, and multiple tumors >3 cm (group B; n = 351. Alternatively, 240 and 229 patients with solitary large HCC regardless of tumor stage received surgical resection (SR and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE, respectively. The propensity score analysis identified 156 pairs of patients from each treatment arm for survival comparison.The survival was significantly higher for group A but was comparable between group SL and group B patients. Of patients with solitary large HCC, the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 88% versus 74%, 76% versus 44%, and 63% versus 35% between SR and TACE group, respectively (p<0.001. When baseline demographics were adjusted in the propensity model, the respective 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 87% versus 79%, 76% versus 46%, and 61% versus 36% (p<0.001. The Cox proportional hazards model identified TACE with a 2.765-fold increased risk of mortality compared with SR (95% confidence interval: 1.853-4.127, p<0.001.Patients with solitary large HCC should be classified at least as intermediate stage HCC. SR provides significantly better survival than TACE for solitary large HCC regardless of tumor stage. Further amendment to the BCLC classification is mandatory.

  12. Solitary waves of the EW and RLW equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, J.I. [Room I-320-D, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad de Malaga, Plaza El Ejido, s/n, 29013 Malaga (Spain)]. E-mail: jirs@lcc.uma.es

    2007-12-15

    Eight finite difference methods are employed to study the solitary waves of the equal-width (EW) and regularized long-wave (RLW) equations. The methods include second-order accurate (in space) implicit and linearly implicit techniques, a three-point, fourth-order accurate, compact operator algorithm, an exponential method based on the local integration of linear, second-order ordinary differential equations, and first- and second-order accurate temporal discretizations. It is shown that the compact operator method with a Crank-Nicolson discretization is more accurate than the other seven techniques as assessed for the three invariants of the EW and RLW equations and the L {sub 2}-norm errors when the exact solution is available. It is also shown that the use of Gaussian initial conditions may result in the formation of either positive or negative secondary solitary waves for the EW equation and the formation of positive solitary waves with or without oscillating tails for the RLW equation depending on the amplitude and width of the Gaussian initial conditions. In either case, it is shown that the creation of the secondary wave may be preceded by a steepening and an narrowing of the initial condition. The creation of a secondary wave is reported to also occur in the dissipative RLW equation, whereas the effects of dissipation in the EW equation are characterized by a decrease in amplitude, an increase of the width and a curving of the trajectory of the solitary wave. The collision and divergence of solitary waves of the EW and RLW equations are also considered in terms of the wave amplitude and the invariants of these equations.

  13. Quantitative Investigation of Solitary Pulmonary Nodules with Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Functional CT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MinmingZhang; HuaZhou; YuZou

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) using quantitative-dynamic contrast-enhancedfunctional-computed tomography(CT); and to illustrate its clinical efficacy in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules.METHODS Eighty patients with non-calcified SPNs (diameter, 5-30mm) were studied with dynamic contrast-enhanced CT. Patterns of the time-density curves (TDC) were assessed. The precontrast density, peak height in density (PH: the maximum value of the TDC) and S/A ratio (the ratio of the PH of SPN to aorta) were recorded. Precontrast density and enhancement patterns of SPNs were also recorded. Perfusion of the SPNs was calculated.RESULTS Malignant, benign and inflammatory nodules showed quite different patterns in the TDC. The PH and S/A ratios of the malignant and inflammatory nodules were significantly higher than that of the benig nnodules (P<0.001; P<0.001), while no statistical difference of either the PH or S/A ratio was found between the malignant and inflammatory nodules. Precontrast density of the inflammatory nodules was lower than that of the malignant nodules (P <0.05). Both the malignant and inflammatory nodules showed significantly higher perfusions than that of the benign nodules (P<0.01; P<0.01). However, the difference between the peffusion of the malignant nodules and inflammatory nodules was not significant.CONCLUSION Dynamic contrast-enhanced functional CT can provide quantitative information regarding blood flow patterns of SPNs and proved to be an alternate non-invasive option in the evaluation and management of solitary pulmonary nodules.

  14. Invasive species

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a summary of management activities and research related to invasive species on Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge between 1992 and 2009. As part of the...

  15. Reconstructive surgery in eight children with solitary kidneys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Jørgen Mogens

    1989-01-01

    Within a 10-year period reconstructive urinary tract surgery has been carried out in eight children with solitary kidneys. The children were 0-5 years old. Six had unilateral renal agenesis and two had unilateral multicystic kidney. In five children ureteroneocystostomy was performed, in two...... of them because of reflux. In two children pyeloureteroplasty was performed, and in one both ureteroneocystostomy and pyeloureteroplasty. The multicystic kidneys were removed. The renal function was poor preoperatively in five children; two of these also had urosepsis. These children were all under 15...... months of age. Postoperatively, the renal function was subnormal (although improved) in two children; in six it was normal. The most important prognostic factors in solitary kidneys with urinary tract obstruction are infection and developmental injury....

  16. Electron acoustic solitary waves with kappa-distributed electrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devanandhan, S; Singh, S V; Lakhina, G S, E-mail: satyavir@iigs.iigm.res.in [Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, New Panvel (West), Navi Mumbai (India)

    2011-08-01

    Electron acoustic solitary waves are studied in a three-component, unmagnetized plasma composed of hot electrons, fluid cold electrons and ions having finite temperatures. Hot electrons are assumed to have kappa distribution. The Sagdeev pseudo-potential technique is used to study the arbitrary amplitude electron-acoustic solitary waves. It is found that inclusion of cold electron temperature shrinks the existence regime of the solitons, and soliton electric field amplitude decreases with an increase in cold electron temperature. A decrease in spectral index, {kappa}, i.e. an increase in the superthermal component of hot electrons, leads to a decrease in soliton electric field amplitude as well as the soliton velocity range. The soliton solutions do not exist beyond T{sub c}/T{sub h}>0.13 for {kappa}=3.0 and Mach number M=0.9 for the dayside auroral region parameters.

  17. NUMERICAL STUDY OF SOLITARY WAVE FISSION OVER AN UNDERWATER STEP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Ji; YU Xi-ping

    2008-01-01

    Solitary wave fission over an underwater step is numerically investigated. The numerical model is based on the enhanced Boussinesq equations, which appropriately represent both the nonlinearity and dispersivity of surface water waves. The finite difference method defined on the staggered grid in space with an implicit scheme for time stepping is employed for the numerical solution of the governing equations. It is demonstrated that Boussinesq type equations, though they are vertically integrated, can describe the details of the solitary wave fission process with very good accuracy. Numerical results of the reflected and transmitting wave heights, the number of solitons emitted from the transmitting wave and their amplitudes all agree very well with the analytical solution derived from KdV equation by virtue of a linear long wave approximation in the vicinity of the underwater step.

  18. [Solitary fibrous tumor of endometrium--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvořák, O; Dvořáková, E; Laco, J; Spaček, J

    2013-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal tumor. We present a case of SFT occurring in endometrium. Case report. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Fingerland Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty of Charles University and Faculty Hospital Hradec Králové. We report a case of 57 years old woman with SFT arising from the endometrium, which was diagnosed and treated at our department. Histological finding was supported by typical immunohistochemical profile of the tumor. Aggressive nature of the tumor wasnt showed. The patient underwent abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy and is followed up in regular periods. Occurence of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in the female genital tract is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of SFT occurring in endometrium. Because of potencial aggressive behaviour of the tumor complete surgical excision and close follow-up is highly recommended.

  19. Primary Intrapulmonary Thymoma Presenting as a Solitary Pulmonary Nodule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Woohyun; Kang, Chang Hyun; Kim, Young Tae; Park, In Kyu

    2017-01-01

    Primary intrapulmonary thymoma (PIT) is a very rare lesion of uncertain pathogenesis. PIT should be considered when the histopathological appearance of a lung tumor shows features that are uncommon but similar to those of a thymoma. In this case report, we discuss the case of a 59-year-old female with a solitary pulmonary nodule that was confirmed to be PIT on the basis of pathological tests. Treatment with complete resection showed good results. PMID:28180106

  20. The frustrated Brownian motion of nonlocal solitary waves

    CERN Document Server

    Folli, Viola

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the evolution of solitary waves in a nonlocal medium in the presence of disorder. By using a perturbational approach, we show that an increasing degree of nonlocality may largely hamper the Brownian motion of self-trapped wave-packets. The result is valid for any kind of nonlocality and in the presence of non-paraxial effects. Analytical predictions are compared with numerical simulations based on stochastic partial differential equation

  1. Exact Solitary Wave Solution in the ZK-BBM Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The traveling wave solution for the ZK-BBM equation is considered, which is governed by a nonlinear ODE system. The bifurcation structure of fixed points and bifurcation phase portraits with respect to the wave speed c are analyzed by using the dynamical system theory. Furthermore, the exact solutions of the homoclinic orbits for the nonlinear ODE system are obtained which corresponds to the solitary wave solution curve of the ZK-BBM equation.

  2. Existence of solitary waves in dipolar quantum gases

    KAUST Repository

    Antonelli, Paolo

    2011-02-01

    We study a nonlinear Schrdinger equation arising in the mean field description of dipolar quantum gases. Under the assumption of sufficiently strong dipolar interactions, the existence of standing waves, and hence solitons, is proved together with some of their properties. This gives a rigorous argument for the possible existence of solitary waves in BoseEinstein condensates, which originate solely due to the dipolar interaction between the particles. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Nonlinear dynamics of DNA - Riccati generalized solitary wave solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alka, W.; Goyal, Amit [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014 (India); Nagaraja Kumar, C., E-mail: cnkumar@pu.ac.i [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014 (India)

    2011-01-17

    We study the nonlinear dynamics of DNA, for longitudinal and transverse motions, in the framework of the microscopic model of Peyrard and Bishop. The coupled nonlinear partial differential equations for dynamics of DNA model, which consists of two long elastic homogeneous strands connected with each other by an elastic membrane, have been solved for solitary wave solution which is further generalized using Riccati parameterized factorization method.

  4. Nonlinear dynamics of DNA - Riccati generalized solitary wave solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alka, W.; Goyal, Amit; Nagaraja Kumar, C.

    2011-01-01

    We study the nonlinear dynamics of DNA, for longitudinal and transverse motions, in the framework of the microscopic model of Peyrard and Bishop. The coupled nonlinear partial differential equations for dynamics of DNA model, which consists of two long elastic homogeneous strands connected with each other by an elastic membrane, have been solved for solitary wave solution which is further generalized using Riccati parameterized factorization method.

  5. Phase modulated solitary waves controlled by bottom boundary condition

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Abhik

    2014-01-01

    A forced KdV equation is derived to describe weakly nonlinear, shallow water surface wave propagation over non trivial bottom boundary condition. We show that different functional forms of bottom boundary conditions self-consistently produce different forced kdV equations as the evolution equations for the free surface. Solitary wave solutions have been analytically obtained where phase gets modulated controlled by bottom boundary condition whereas amplitude remains constant.

  6. Conjugate flows and amplitude bounds for internal solitary waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Makarenko

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Amplitude bounds imposed by the conservation of mass, momentum and energy for strongly nonlinear waves in stratified fluid are considered. We discuss the theoretical scheme which allows to determine broadening limits for solitary waves in the terms of a given upstream density profile. Attention is focused on the continuously stratified flows having multiple broadening limits. The role of the mean density profile and the influence of fine-scale stratification are analyzed.

  7. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in children: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Dehghani, Seyed Mohsen; Malekpour, Abdorrasoul; HAGHIGHAT, MAHMOOD

    2012-01-01

    Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a benign and chronic disorder well known in young adults and less in children. It is often related to prolonged excessive straining or abnormal defecation and clinically presents as rectal bleeding, copious mucus discharge, feeling of incomplete defecation, and rarely rectal prolapse. SRUS is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and endoscopic and histological findings. The current treatments are suboptimal, and despite correct diagnosis, outcomes can ...

  8. Solitary Fibrous Tumors and So-Called Hemangiopericytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Penel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We have reviewed the literature data regarding the spectrum of tumors including solitary fibrous tumor and hemangiopericytoma with special focus on definition of the disease, discussion of the criteria for malignancy, and the key elements of standard treatment of localized disease. We have discussed the emerging concepts on the tumor biology and the different systemic treatments (chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapies.

  9. Turing patterns and solitary structures under global control

    CERN Document Server

    Pismen, L M

    1994-01-01

    Striped Turing patterns and solitary band and disk structures are constructed using a three-variable multiscale model with cubic nonlinearity and global control. The existence and stability conditions of regular structures are analysed using the equation of motion of curved boundaries between alternative states of the short-range component. The combined picture of transitions between striped and spotted patterns with changing level of global control is in qualitative agreement with the results of the computer experiment by Middya and Luss

  10. Energetics of internal solitary waves in a background sheared current

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. G. Lamb

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The energetics of internal waves in the presence of a background sheared current is explored via numerical simulations for four different situations based on oceanographic conditions: the nonlinear interaction of two internal solitary waves; an internal solitary wave shoaling through a turning point; internal solitary wave reflection from a sloping boundary and a deep-water internal seiche trapped in a deep basin. In the simulations with variable water depth using the Boussinesq approximation the combination of a background sheared current, bathymetry and a rigid lid results in a change in the total energy of the system due to the work done by a pressure change that is established across the domain. A final simulation of the deep-water internal seiche in which the Boussinesq approximation is not invoked and a diffuse air-water interface is added to the system results in the energy remaining constant because the generation of surface waves prevents the establishment of a net pressure increase across the domain. The difference in the perturbation energy in the Boussinesq and non-Boussinesq simulations is accounted for by the surface waves.

  11. Solitary wave shoaling and breaking in a regularized Boussinesq system

    CERN Document Server

    Senthilkumar, Amutha

    2016-01-01

    A coupled BBM system of equations is studied in the situation of water waves propagating over decreasing fluid depth. A conservation equation for mass and a wave breaking criterion valid in the Boussinesq approximation is found. A Fourier collocation method coupled with a 4-stage Runge-Kutta time integration scheme is employed to approximate solutions of the BBM system. The mass conservation equation is used to quantify the role of reflection in the shoaling of solitary waves on a sloping bottom. Shoaling results based on an adiabatic approximation are analyzed. Wave shoaling and the criterion of breaking solitary waves on a sloping bottom is studied. To validate the numerical model the simulation results are compared with those obtained by Grilli et al.[16] and a good agreement between them is observed. Shoaling of solitary waves of two different types of mild slope model systems in [8] and [13] are compared, and it is found that each of these models works well in their respective regimes of applicability.

  12. Expression of CD44 and MMP-2: Possible Association with Histopathological Features of Pleuro-Pulmonary Solitary Fibrous Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Funda DEMİRAĞ

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Recent studies have shown that tumor cell adhesion molecules CD44 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 are expressed strongly in many tumors and associated closely with invasion and metastasis of these tumors. Although solitary fibrous tumors (SFT have a good prognosis, a minority behave malignantly. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between CD44 and MMP-2 expression with histopathological parameters in SFT.Material and Method: Haemotaxylin-Eosin stained sections of 10 patients with SFT were reexamined for evaluation of histopathological parameters. Immunostaining of CD44 and MMP-2 was performed by using the streptavidin-biotin method with mouse monoclonal antibody.Results: Our cases consisted of three male and seven female patients with a mean age of 54.5 years. Three patients had a history of asbest exposure. Complete resection was performed in 2 malignant (multiple masses and 8 benign SFT cases. One intrapulmonary tumor was treated with pneumonectomy. 3 cases originated from the right and 7 from the left hemithorax. Tumor size ranged from 5 to 27cm. All cases expressed strong CD44. Only 2 malignant SFT and intrapulmonary SFT expressed focal MMP-2.Conclusion: Although MMP-2 positivity was observed in 2 malignant cases, CD44 positivity was not associated with malignancy criteria in solitary fibrous tumors.

  13. Numerical Modelling of Solitary Wave Experiments on Rubble Mound Breakwaters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guler, H. G.; Arikawa, T.; Baykal, C.; Yalciner, A. C.

    2016-12-01

    Performance of a rubble mound breakwater protecting Haydarpasa Port, Turkey, has been tested under tsunami attack by physical model tests conducted at Port and Airport Research Institute (Guler et al, 2015). It is aimed to understand dynamic force of the tsunami by conducting solitary wave tests (Arikawa, 2015). In this study, the main objective is to perform numerical modelling of solitary wave tests in order to verify accuracy of the CFD model IHFOAM, developed in OpenFOAM environment (Higuera et al, 2013), by comparing results of the numerical computations with the experimental results. IHFOAM is the numerical modelling tool which is based on VARANS equations with a k-ω SST turbulence model including realistic wave generation, and active wave absorption. Experiments are performed using a Froude scale of 1/30, measuring surface elevation and flow velocity at several locations in the wave channel, and wave pressure around the crown wall of the breakwater. Solitary wave tests with wave heights of H=7.5 cm and H=10 cm are selected which represent the results of the experiments. The first test (H=7.5 cm) is the case that resulted in no damage whereas the second case (H=10 cm) resulted in total damage due to the sliding of the crown wall. After comparison of the preliminary results of numerical simulations with experimental data for both cases, it is observed that solitary wave experiments could be accurately modeled using IHFOAM focusing water surface elevations, flow velocities, and wave pressures on the crown wall of the breakwater (Figure, result of sim. at t=29.6 sec). ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe authors acknowledge developers of IHFOAM, further extend their acknowledgements for the partial supports from the research projects MarDiM, ASTARTE, RAPSODI, and TUBITAK 213M534. REFERENCESArikawa (2015) "Consideration of Characteristics of Pressure on Seawall by Solitary Waves Based on Hydraulic Experiments", Jour. of Japan. Soc. of Civ. Eng. Ser. B2 (Coast. Eng.), Vol 71, p I

  14. Bifurcation and Solitary-Like Solutions for Compound KdV-Burgers-Type Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Firstly, based on the improved sub-ODE method and the bifurcation method of dynamical systems, we investigate the bifurcation of solitary waves in the compound KdV-Burgers-type equation. Secondly, numbers of solitary patterns solutions are given for each parameter condition and numerical simulations are used to display the dynamical characteristics. Finally, we obtain twelve solitary patterns solutions under some parameter conditions, such as the trigonometric function solutions and the hyperbolic function solutions.

  15. Image guided, minimally invasive adenomectomy for solitary gland disease in primary hyperparathyroidism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Pieter Casper

    2001-01-01

    Introduction: Since the introduction in the 1970s of the unilateral approach in surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism by Wang, authors have increasingly been recommending limited forms of parathyroid surgery. Although unilateral explorations reduce operation time and admission days, decrease

  16. Image guided, minimally invasive adenomectomy for solitary gland disease in primary hyperparathyroidism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Pieter Casper

    2001-01-01

    Introduction: Since the introduction in the 1970s of the unilateral approach in surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism by Wang, authors have increasingly been recommending limited forms of parathyroid surgery. Although unilateral explorations reduce operation time and admission days, decrease opera

  17. Transition from Solitons to Solitary Waves in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Wen, Zhenying; Wei, Nian

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study the smooth transition from solitons to solitary waves in localization, relation between energy and velocity, propagation and scattering property in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice analytically and numerically. A soliton is a very stable solitary wave that retains its permanent structure after interacting with other solitary waves. A soliton exists when the energy is small, and it becomes a solitary wave when the energy increases to the threshold. The transition could help to understand the distinctly different heat conduction behaviors of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice at low and high temperature.

  18. Experimental study of nonlinear dust acoustic solitary waves in a dusty plasma

    CERN Document Server

    Bandyopadhyay, P; Sen, A; Kaw, P K

    2008-01-01

    The excitation and propagation of finite amplitude low frequency solitary waves are investigated in an Argon plasma impregnated with kaolin dust particles. A nonlinear longitudinal dust acoustic solitary wave is excited by pulse modulating the discharge voltage with a negative potential. It is found that the velocity of the solitary wave increases and the width decreases with the increase of the modulating voltage, but the product of the solitary wave amplitude and the square of the width remains nearly constant. The experimental findings are compared with analytic soliton solutions of a model Kortweg-de Vries equation.

  19. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Cecum and the Ascending Colon: Surgical Resection as a Treatment Modality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalgic, Tahsin; Bostanci, Erdal Birol; Cakir, Tebessum; Ozer, Ilter; Ulas, Murat; Aydog, Gulden; Akoglu, Musa

    2015-01-01

    Colonic solitary plasmacytoma is a rare disease, with few reports occurring in the literature. Solitary plasmacytoma is defined as a plasma cell tumour with no evidence of bone marrow infiltration. Plasmacytoma can present as a solitary tumour in bone or in other parts of the body. The gastrointestinal tract is rarely the site of the disease. We report on the case of a 51-year-old man presenting with a colonic symptomatic mass with unclear biopsy results. A resected specimen showed a solitary plasmacytoma. Surgical resection was an adequate treatment modality in this case. Endoscopic resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are also preferred treatments in selected gastrointestinal plasmacytoma cases. PMID:25954564

  20. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Cecum and the Ascending Colon: Surgical Resection as a Treatment Modality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahsin Dalgic

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Colonic solitary plasmacytoma is a rare disease, with few reports occurring in the literature. Solitary plasmacytoma is defined as a plasma cell tumour with no evidence of bone marrow infiltration. Plasmacytoma can present as a solitary tumour in bone or in other parts of the body. The gastrointestinal tract is rarely the site of the disease. We report on the case of a 51-year-old man presenting with a colonic symptomatic mass with unclear biopsy results. A resected specimen showed a solitary plasmacytoma. Surgical resection was an adequate treatment modality in this case. Endoscopic resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are also preferred treatments in selected gastrointestinal plasmacytoma cases.

  1. Calculation and analysis of solitary waves and kinks in elastic tubes

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The paper is devoted to analysis of different models that describe waves in fluid-filled and gas-filled elastic tubes and development of methods of calculation and numerical analysis of solutions with solitary waves and kinks for these models. Membrane model and plate model are used for tube. Two types of solitary waves are found. One-parametric families are stable and may be used as shock structures. Null-parametric solitary waves are unstable. The process of split of such solitary waves is ...

  2. Interaction of Submerged Breakwater by a Solitary Wave Using WC-SPH Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afshin Mansouri

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Interaction of a solitary wave and submerged breakwater is studied in a meshless, Lagrangian approach. For this purpose, a two-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH code is developed. Furthermore, an extensive set of simulations is conducted. In the first step, the generated solitary wave is validated. Subsequently, the interaction of solitary wave and submerged breakwater is investigated thoroughly. Results of the interaction of solitary wave and a submerged breakwater are also shown to be in good agreement with published experimental studies. Afterwards, the effects of the inclination and length of breakwater as well as distance between two breakwaters are evaluated on damping ratio of breakwater.

  3. Minimally Invasive Dentistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to your desktop! more... What Is Minimally Invasive Dentistry? Article Chapters What Is Minimally Invasive Dentistry? Minimally ... techniques. Reviewed: January 2012 Related Articles: Minimally Invasive Dentistry Minimally Invasive Veneers Dramatically Change Smiles What Patients ...

  4. Cholangiocarcinoma presenting as a solitary epididymal metastasis: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bailey David M

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Solid tumor metastasis to the epididymis is a rare occurrence and is mostly discovered incidentally at autopsy or after therapeutic orchidectomy for prostate cancer. Other primary carcinomas that have been demonstrated to metastasize to the paratesticular region include those originating in the stomach, kidney, ileum, and colon. Case presentation A 72-year-old gentleman presented with a firm and tender mass involving the right epididymis. On examination, he was jaundiced. Computed tomography of the abdomen demonstrated an obstructive stricture of the extra-hepatic bile ducts, in keeping with a cholangiocarcinoma, through which a metal stent was endoscopically inserted for symptomatic relief. Subsequent right radical orchidectomy yielded a diffusely infiltrative adenocarcinoma obliterating the epididymis, extending into the rete testis, vas deferens and spermatic cord and showing widespread vascular and perineural invasion. Residual epididymal, rete, and testicular tubules showed no in situ neoplasia. Morphologically and immunohistochemically the features were in keeping with a metastasis from a primary cholangiocarcinoma. Conclusion Only two cases of bile duct carcinoma metastasising to the male genital tract have previously been reported in the literature, the testis being the main site of metastasis in both cases. To our knowledge, this is the first described case of cholangiocarcinoma metastasising primarily to the epididymis, and presenting as a solitary epididymal metastasis in the absence of disseminated disease. It serves to highlight the importance of performing a thorough examination of the male external genitalia both clinically, in the follow up of cancer patients, and at autopsy.

  5. Sentinel lymph node concept in gastric cancer with solitary lymph node metastasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Yang Cheng; Shi-Zhen Zhong; Zong-Hai Huang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the localization of the solitary metastases in relation to the primary gastric cancers and the feasibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) concept in gastric cancer.METHODS: Eighty-six patients with gastric cancer, who had only one lymph node involved, were regarded retrospectively as patients with a possible sentinel node metastasis, and the distribution of these nodes were assessed. Thirteen cases with jumping metastases were further studied and followed up.RESULTS: The single nodal metastasis was found in the nearest perigastric nodal area in 65.1% (56/86) of the cases and in 19.8% (17/86) of the cases in a fairly remote perigastric area. Out of 19 middle-third gastric cancers,3 tumors at the lesser or greater curvatures had transverse metastases. There were also 15.1% (13/86) of patients with a jumping metastasis to N2-N3 nodes without N1 involved. Among them, the depth of invasion was mucosal (M) in 1 patient, submucosal (SM) in 2, proper-muscular (MP) in 4, subserosal (SS) in 5, and serosa-exposed (SE)in 1. Five of these patients died of gastric cancer recurrence at the time of this report within 3 years after surgery.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that nodal metastases occur in a random and multidirectional process in gastric cancer and that not every first metastatic node is located in the perigastric region near the primary tumor.The rate of "jumping metastasis" in gastric cancer is much higher than expected, which suggests that the blind examination of the nodal area close to the primary tumor can not be a reliable method to detect the SLN and that a extended lymph node dissection (ELND) should be performed if the preoperative examination indicates submucosal invasion.

  6. Invasive forest species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbara L. Illman

    2006-01-01

    Nonnative organisms that cause a major change to native ecosystems-once called foreign species, biological invasions, alien invasives, exotics, or biohazards–are now generally referred to as invasive species or invasives. invasive species of insects, fungi, plants, fish, and other organisms present a rising threat to natural forest ecosystems worldwide. Invasive...

  7. Interaction between the solitary bee Chelostoma florisomne and its nest parasite Sapyga clavicornis-empty cells reduce the impact of parasites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munster-Swendsen, Mikael; Calabuig, Isabel

    2000-01-01

    Chelostoma, empty cells, interaction, mortality, nest architecture, nest parasite, protection, Sapyga, solitary bee......Chelostoma, empty cells, interaction, mortality, nest architecture, nest parasite, protection, Sapyga, solitary bee...

  8. BGK electron solitary waves: 1D and 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.-J. Chen

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new results for 1D BGK electron solitary wave (phase-space electron hole solutions and, based on the new results, extends the solutions to include the 3D electrical interaction (E ~ 1/r 2 of charged particles. Our approach for extending to 3D is to solve the nonlinear 3D Poisson and 1D Vlasov equations based on a key feature of 1D electron hole (EH solutions; the positive core of an EH is screened by electrons trapped inside the potential energy trough. This feature has not been considered in previous studies. We illustrate this key feature using an analytical model and argue that the feature is independent of any specific model. We then construct azimuthally symmetric EH solutions under conditions where electrons are highly field-aligned and ions form a uniform background along the magnetic field. Our results indicate that, for a single humped electric potential, the parallel cut of the perpendicular component of the electric field (E⊥ is unipolar and that of the parallel component (E|| bipolar, reproducing the multi-dimensional features of the solitary waves observed by the FAST satellite. Our analytical solutions presented in this article capture the 3D electric interaction and the observed features of (E|| and E⊥. The solutions predict a dependence of the parallel width-amplitude relation on the perpendicular size of EHs. This dependence can be used in conjunction with experimental data to yield an estimate of the typical perpendicular size of observed EHs; this provides important information on the perpendicular span of the source region as well as on how much electrostatic energy is transported by the solitary waves.

  9. Eady Solitary Waves: A Theory of Type B Cyclogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitsudera, Humio

    1994-11-01

    Localized baroclinic instability in a weakly nonlinear, long-wave limit using an Eady model is studied. The resulting evolution equations have a form of the KdV type, including extra terms representing linear coupling. Baroclinic instability is triggered locally by the collision between two neutral solitary waves (one trapped at the upper boundary and the other at the lower boundary) if their incident amplitudes are sufficiently large. This characteristic is explained from the viewpoint of resonance when the relative phase speed, which depends on the amplitudes, is less than a critical value. The upper and lower disturbances grow in a coupled manner (resembling a normal-mode structure) initially, but they reverse direction slowly as the amplitudes increase, and eventually separate from each other.The motivation of this study is to investigate a type of extratropical cyclogenesis that involves a preexisting upper trough (termed as Type B development) from the viewpoint of resonant solitary waves. Two cases are of particular interest. First, the author examines a case where an upper disturbance preexists over an undisturbed low-level waveguide. The solitary waves exhibit behavior similar to that conceived by Hoskins et al. for Type B development; the lower disturbance is forced one sidedly by a preexisting upper disturbance initially, but in turn forces the latter once the former attains a sufficient amplitude, thus resulting in mutual reinforcement. Second, if a weak perturbation exists at the surface ahead of the preexisting strong upper disturbance, baroclinic instability is triggered when the two waves interact. Even though the amplitude of the lower disturbance is initially much weaker, it is intensified quickly and catches up with the amplitude of the upper disturbance, so that the coupled vertical structure resembles that of an unstable normal mode eventually. These results describe the observed behavior in Type B atmospheric cyclogenesis quite well.

  10. En Bloc Resection of Solitary Functional Secreting Spinal Metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, C Rory; Clarke, Michelle J; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Fisher, Charles; Laufer, Ilya; Weber, Michael H; Sciubba, Daniel M

    2016-05-01

    Study Design Literature review. Objective Functional secretory tumors metastatic to the spine can secrete hormones, growth factors, peptides, and/or molecules into the systemic circulation that cause distinct syndromes, clinically symptomatic effects, and/or additional morbidity and mortality. En bloc resection has a limited role in metastatic spine disease due to the current paradigm that systemic burden usually determines morbidity and mortality. Our objective is to review the literature for studies focused on en bloc resection of functionally active spinal metastasis as the primary indication. Methods A review of the PubMed literature was performed to identify studies focused on functional secreting metastatic tumors to the spinal column. We identified five cases of patients undergoing en bloc resection of spinal metastases from functional secreting tumors. Results The primary histologies of these spinal metastases were pheochromocytoma, carcinoid tumor, choriocarcinoma, and a fibroblast growth factor 23-secreting phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. Although studies of en bloc resection for these rare tumor subtypes are confined to case reports, this surgical treatment option resulted in metabolic cures and decreased clinical symptoms postoperatively for patients diagnosed with solitary functional secretory spinal metastasis. Conclusion Although the ability to formulate comprehensive conclusions is limited, case reports demonstrate that en bloc resection may be considered as a potential surgical option for the treatment of patients diagnosed with solitary functional secretory spinal metastatic tumors. Future prospective investigations into clinical outcomes should be conducted comparing intralesional resection and en bloc resection for patients diagnosed with solitary functional secretory spinal metastasis.

  11. SOLITARY PARAGANGLIOMA OF THE HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE: CASE REPORT.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    2012-02-01

    SOLITARY PARAGANGLIOMA OF THE HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE:: Case Report BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: We report the case history of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma in a 64-year-old woman. The surgical difficulties encountered in the removal of this challenging tumour are discussed with literature review. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:: A 64-year-old woman presented with a short history of dysphonia, occasional dysphagia, tinnitus, altered taste, and unilateral left sided tongue wasting. On examination there was left lower motor hypoglossal paralysis. Imaging showed a discrete enhancing lobulated mass, measuring 2cm x 2cm, in the region of the hypoglossal nerve extending into the hypoglossal canal suggestive of hypoglossal paraganglioma. A left dorsolateral sub occipital craniotomy was carried out in the sitting position. The hypoglossal nerve appeared to be enlarged and the jugular foramen was normal. Complete surgical debulking of the tumour was not attempted due to its vascular nature. The nerve was decompressed and neuropathology confirmed a low grade paraganglioma arising from the hypoglossal nerve. The patient is scheduled to receive stereotactic radiation for further management. CONCLUSION:: When a case of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma is encountered in clinical practice, the aim of management should be mainly focussed on achieving a diagnosis and preserving the hypoglossal nerve function. If there is evidence of vascularity in the lesion noted in the MRI scan, a pre-operative angiogram should be performed with a view for embolisation.We decompressed the hypoglossal canal and achieved a good improvement in the patient\\'s symptoms. We recommend stereotactic radiosurgery for remnant and small hypoglossal tumours and regular follow up with MRI scans.

  12. SOLITARY PARAGANGLIOMA OF THE HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE: CASE REPORT.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Raza, Kazim

    2011-01-25

    SOLITARY PARAGANGLIOMA OF THE HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE:: Case Report BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: We report the case history of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma in a 64-year-old woman. The surgical difficulties encountered in the removal of this challenging tumour are discussed with literature review. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:: A 64-year-old woman presented with a short history of dysphonia, occasional dysphagia, tinnitus, altered taste, and unilateral left sided tongue wasting. On examination there was left lower motor hypoglossal paralysis. Imaging showed a discrete enhancing lobulated mass, measuring 2cm x 2cm, in the region of the hypoglossal nerve extending into the hypoglossal canal suggestive of hypoglossal paraganglioma. A left dorsolateral sub occipital craniotomy was carried out in the sitting position. The hypoglossal nerve appeared to be enlarged and the jugular foramen was normal. Complete surgical debulking of the tumour was not attempted due to its vascular nature. The nerve was decompressed and neuropathology confirmed a low grade paraganglioma arising from the hypoglossal nerve. The patient is scheduled to receive stereotactic radiation for further management. CONCLUSION:: When a case of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma is encountered in clinical practice, the aim of management should be mainly focussed on achieving a diagnosis and preserving the hypoglossal nerve function. If there is evidence of vascularity in the lesion noted in the MRI scan, a pre-operative angiogram should be performed with a view for embolisation.We decompressed the hypoglossal canal and achieved a good improvement in the patient\\'s symptoms. We recommend stereotactic radiosurgery for remnant and small hypoglossal tumours and regular follow up with MRI scans.

  13. Research on consistency of identifying solitary pulmonary masses with CT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiuping Wang; Gang Niu; Yun Zhang; Yongqian Qiang; Zicheng Li; Youmin Guo

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To research on consistency of identifying solitary pulmonary masses with CT.Methods:Three observers with different working backgrounds in imaging diagnosis individually interpreted the same group images of solitary pulmonary mass, by 12 indexes of objective signs.The differences in interpretation resulted in ante- and post-interpretations were assessed by the x2 test.The agreement of two interpretations from the same observer was confirmed with the kappa test.A double-blind method was adopted for analysis.Results:The agreement rates of ante- and post-interpreting from the three observers were respectively 82.65%(486/588) 80.27%(472/588) and 84.86% (499/588) while their interpreting results were generally accordant without significant difference(x2 = 4.975, df= 2,P = 0.083) however there was difference between the observer 2 and observer 3(x2 = 4.875, df= 1, P = 0.027).There were five indexes with k > 0.40 of ante- and post-interpreting results of the three observers, including clarity of nodule borderline, presence of sentus, uniformity of density, existence of cavity and calcification in pathological region, among them, the agreement rate of interpreting borderline and cavity was higher(k > 0.07); the blood vessel convergence poorer(0 < k ≤ 0.40); the other six CT signs of interpretation were slightly different.Conclusion:The ability to identify solitary pulmonary mass was inconsistent, and needs to be improved further.

  14. Breathing solitary-pulse pairs in a linearly coupled system

    CERN Document Server

    Dana, Brenda; Bahabad, Alon

    2014-01-01

    It is shown that pairs of solitary pulses (SPs) in a linearly-coupled system with opposite group-velocity dispersions form robust breathing bound states. The system can be realized by temporal-modulation coupling of SPs with different carrier frequencies propagating in the same medium, or by coupling of SPs in a dual-core waveguide. Broad SP pairs are produced in a virtually exact form by means of the variational approximation. Strong nonlinearity tends to destroy the periodic evolution of the SP pairs.

  15. Blastomycosis presenting as solitary nodule: A rare presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Dhamija

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Blastomycosis is a chronic granulomatous and suppurative mycosis, caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, which in the great majority of cases presents as a primary pulmonary disease. Primary cutaneous blastomycosis is very rare. We present a 57-year-old female patient with a solitary, slowly progressive nodule over upper lip of 2½ months duration. Initially, differential diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis, pyoderma and deep mycoses were entertained. Slit smear preparation was suspicious of deep mycotic infection which was subsequently confirmed by biopsy and culture.

  16. Solitary Fibrous Tumor in Bladder:A Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛; 陈瑞宝; 乔建坤; 胡涛; 刘继红; 杨为民; 叶章群

    2010-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor(SFT) in bladder is extremely rare.In this study,we reported one case of bladder SFT and reviewed the only ten cases of the disease that had been reported so far.The patient suffered from residual urine sensation and urethral pain.Cystoscopy revealed a 7-cm protruding mass at the dome of the bladder,and bladder mucosa biopsy showed normal differentiation of the bladder mucosa with a small amount of inflammatory cells.Radical resection of the tumor was performed in this patient.Patholog...

  17. Coherent structures in wave boundary layers. Part 2. Solitary motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sumer, B. Mutlu; Jensen, Palle Martin; Sørensen, Lone B.;

    2010-01-01

    in an oscillating water tunnel. Two kinds of measurements were made: bed shear stress measurements and velocity measurements. The experiments show that the solitary-motion boundary layer experiences three kinds of flow regimes as the Reynolds number is increased: (i) laminar regime; (ii) laminar regime where...... the boundary-layer flow experiences a regular array of vortex tubes near the bed over a short period of time during the deceleration stage; and (iii) transitional regime characterized with turbulent spots, revealed by single/multiple, or, sometimes, quite dense spikes in the bed shear stress traces...

  18. A case report of reactive solitary eccrine syringofibroadenoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwary, Anup K.; Firdous, J.; Mishra, Dharmendra K.; Chaudhary, Shyam S.

    2017-01-01

    Eccrine syringofibroadenoma is a very rare benign tumour of acrosyringium of eccrine sweat duct. Based on the evidences of known etiological factors, two forms have been proposed; reactive and nonreactive. Reactive forms are rarer, and on even rarer occasions, trauma complicated by secondary nonspecific infections may lead to the development of reactive eccrine syringofibroadenoma, as in our case. Here, we are documenting a case of reactive solitary eccrine syringofibroadenoma in a 65-year-old male presenting with coalescing, firm, pinkish, verrucous nodules and painful deep ulceration on the right sole preceded by trauma and secondary infection. Histopathologic revelation of distinctive microscopic findings confirmed the diagnosis in our case. PMID:28217470

  19. Metastatic melanoma mimicking solitary fibrous tumor: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekers, Elise M; van Engen-van Grunsven, Adriana C H; Groenen, Patricia J T A; Westdorp, Harm; Koornstra, Rutger H T; Bonenkamp, Johannes J; Flucke, Uta; Blokx, Willeke A M

    2014-02-01

    Malignant melanomas are known for their remarkable morphological variation and aberrant immunophenotype with loss of lineage-specific markers, especially in recurrences and metastases. Hot spot mutations in BRAF, NRAS, GNAQ, and GNA11 and mutations in KIT are oncogenic events in melanomas. Therefore, genotyping can be a useful ancillary diagnostic tool. We present one case each of recurrent and metastatic melanoma, both showing histological and immunohistochemical features of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Mutational analysis detected BRAF and NRAS mutations in the primary and secondary lesions, respectively. This result confirmed the diagnosis of recurrent/metastastic melanoma.

  20. Experiments and computation of onshore breaking solitary waves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A.; Mayer, Stefan; Pedersen, G.K.

    2005-01-01

    This is a combined experimental and computational study of solitary waves that break on-shore. Velocities and accelerations are measured by a two-camera PIV technique and compared to theoretical values from an Euler model with a VOF method for the free surface. In particular, the dynamics of a so......-called collapsing breaker is scrutinized and the closure between the breaker and the beach is found to be akin to slamming. To the knowledge of the authors, no velocity measurements for this kind of breaker have been previously reported....

  1. [A solitary neurofibroma in the parotid gland from nervus vagus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagö-Olsen, Helena Anna; Hahn, Christoffer Holst

    2013-03-04

    A 37-year-old male, without stigmata of neurofibromatosis type 1, developed a firm mass below the right ear over several months without facial palsy. Clinical examination and ultra-sonography revealed a tumour in the parotid gland. Fine needle aspirationbiopsy was inconclusive. During complete resection, the tumour revealed an unusual anatomic location from the superficial lobe of the parotid to the deep and further into the parapharyngeal space. The pathological examination showed a solitary neurofibroma. In this case report, preoperative diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of this rare tumour in the parotid gland from n. vagus are discussed.

  2. SOLITARY WAVES IN FINITE DEFORMATION ELASTIC CIRCULAR ROD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhi-fang; ZHANG Shan-yuan

    2006-01-01

    A new nonlinear wave equation of a finite deformation elastic circular rod simultaneously introducing transverse inertia and shearing strain was derived by means of Hamilton principle. The nonlinear equation includes two nonlinear terms caused by finite deformation and double geometric dispersion effects caused by transverse inertia and transverse shearing strain. Nonlinear wave equation and corresponding truncated nonlinear wave equation were solved by the hyperbolic secant function finite expansion method. The solitary wave solutions of these nonlinear equations were obtained. The necessary condition of these solutions existence was given also.

  3. Flow and sediment transport induced by a plunging solitary wave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sumer, B. Mutlu; Sen, M.Berke; Karagali, Ioanna

    2011-01-01

    , and for observation of the morphological changes. The two experimental conditions were maintained as similar as possible. The experiments showed that the complete sequence of the plunging solitary wave involves the following processes: Shoaling and wave breaking; Runup; Rundown and hydraulic jump; and Trailing wave...... affected, by as much as a factor of 2, in the runup and hydraulic jump stages. The pore-water pressure measurements showed that the sediment at (or near) the surface of the bed experiences upward-directed pressure gradient forces during the downrush phase. The magnitude of this force can reach values...

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor arising in an intrathoracic goiter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Stine Rosenkilde; Godballe, Christian; Krogdahl, Annelise

    2010-01-01

    . CONCLUSION: The histological appearance and immunohistochemical reaction pattern of SFT is characteristic. The entity should be considered when dealing with a spindle cell lesion in the thyroid gland. All cases of this site of origin reported have had a benign clinical course. As only a small number of cases......BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell tumor most often found in the mediastinal pleura. Nineteen cases of SFT arising in the thyroid gland have been reported. We report a case of SFT of the thyroid gland with immunohistochemical and cytogenetic investigation. SUMMARY: A 58...

  5. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit presenting in pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Das Jayanta

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A 32-year-old woman, three months pregnant, reported with the complaint of protrusion of the right eye for six months. She gave history of rapid protrusion of eyeball for the last two months along with the history of double vision for the last one month. Computer tomography (CT scan revealed a well-defined mass lesion in the intraconal space of the right orbit which was excised through a lateral orbitotomy approach. Histological examination and immunohistochemistry revealed a solitary fibrous tumor, which showed a rapid progression in pregnancy.

  6. EXACT SOLITARY WAVE SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS USING DIRECT ALGEBRAIC METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Using direct algebraic method,exact solitary wave solutions are performed for a class of third order nonlinear dispersive disipative partial differential equations. These solutions are obtained under certain conditions for the relationship between the coefficients of the equation. The exact solitary waves of this class are rational functions of real exponentials of kink-type solutions.

  7. Laboratory Generation of Solitary Waves:An Inversion Technique to Improve Available Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Romano; M.Guerrini; G.Bellotti; 琚烈红

    2014-01-01

    Solitary waves are often used in laboratory experiments to study tsunamis propagation and interaction with coasts. However, the experimental shape of the waves may differ from the theoretical one. In this paper, a correction technique aiming at minimizing the discrepancies between the two profiles is presented. Laboratory experiments reveal their effectiveness in correcting the experimental shape of solitary waves, mainly for low nonlinearities.

  8. Solitary Solution of Discrete mKdV Equation by Homotopy Analysis Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Xi-Xiang; WANG Zhen; YANG Hong-Xiang; ZOU Li; LU Rong-Wu; ZHANG Hong-Qing

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we apply homotopy analysis method to solve discrete mKdV equation and successfully obtain the bell-shaped solitary solution to mKdV equation. Comparison between our solution and the exact solution shows that homotopy analysis method is effective and validity in solving hybrid nonlinear problems, including solitary solution of difference-differential equation.

  9. Large Amplitude Solitary Waves in a Fluid-Filled Elastic Tube

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUANWen-Shah

    2003-01-01

    By usign the potential method to a fluid filled elastic tube, we obtained a solitary wave solution.Compared with recluetive perturbation method, this method can be used for larger amplitude solitary waves. The result is in agreement with that of small amplitude approximation from reduetive perturbation method when the amplitude is small enough.

  10. Large Amplitude Solitary Waves in a Fluid-Filled Elastic Tube

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN Wen-Shan

    2003-01-01

    By using the potential method to a fluid filled elastic tube, we obtained a solitary wave solution. Comparedwith reductive perturbation method, this method can be used for larger amplitude solitary waves. The result is inagreement with that of small amplitude approximation from reductive perturbation method when the amplitude is smallenough.

  11. Solitary cysticercosis of the biceps brachii in a vegetarian: a rare and unusual pseudotumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdelwahab, Ibrahim Fikry [Department of Radiology, New York Methodist Hospital Affiliated with Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 506 Sixth Street, Brooklyn, NY 11215 (United States); Klein, Michael J. [Department of Pathology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustave Levy Place, New York, NY 10029 (United States); Hermann, George [Department of Radiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustave Levy Place, New York, NY 10029 (United States); Abdul-Quader, Mohammed [Department of Radiology, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY 10032 (United States)

    2003-07-01

    We report a 40-year-old man with cysticercosis presenting as a solitary tumor in the biceps brachii muscle. Physical examination revealed an intramuscular mass and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a cyst. The histologic diagnosis was a cysticercus. Such solitary presentation of muscular cysticercosis is extremely rare with only a handful of sporadic reports in the literature. (orig.)

  12. A double optical solitary wave in a nonlinear Schr(o)dinger-type equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Jiu-Li; Ding Shan-Yu

    2013-01-01

    A qualitative analysis method to efficiently solve the shallow wave equations is improved,so that a more complicated nonlinear Schr(o)dinger equation can be considered.By using the detailed study,some quite strange optical solitary waves are obtained in which the bright and dark optical solitary waves are allowed to coexist.

  13. Solitary Wave Generation from Constant Continuous Wave in Asymmetric Oppositely Directed Waveguide Coupler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazantseva E.V.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In a model which describes asymmetric oppositely directed nonlinear coupler it was observed in numerical simulations a phenomenon of solitary wave generation from the input constant continuous wave set at the entrance of a waveguide with negative refraction. The period of solitary wave formation decreases with increase of the continuum wave amplitude.

  14. Vlasov Simulation of Electrostatic Solitary Structures in Multi-Component Plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umeda, Takayuki; Ashour-Abdalla, Maha; Pickett, Jolene S.; Goldstein, Melvyn L.

    2012-01-01

    Electrostatic solitary structures have been observed in the Earth's magnetosheath by the Cluster spacecraft. Recent theoretical work has suggested that these solitary structures are modeled by electron acoustic solitary waves existing in a four-component plasma system consisting of core electrons, two counter-streaming electron beams, and one species of background ions. In this paper, the excitation of electron acoustic waves and the formation of solitary structures are studied by means of a one-dimensional electrostatic Vlasov simulation. The present result first shows that either electron acoustic solitary waves with negative potential or electron phase-space holes with positive potential are excited in four-component plasma systems. However, these electrostatic solitary structures have longer duration times and higher wave amplitudes than the solitary structures observed in the magnetosheath. The result indicates that a high-speed and small free energy source may be needed as a fifth component. An additional simulation of a five-component plasma consisting of a stable four-component plasma and a weak electron beam shows the generation of small and fast electron phase-space holes by the bump-on-tail instability. The physical properties of the small and fast electron phase-space holes are very similar to those obtained by the previous theoretical analysis. The amplitude and duration time of solitary structures in the simulation are also in agreement with the Cluster observation.

  15. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in retroperitoneum: A case report and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Hong; Xin-Min Yu; Ming-Qiang Jiang; Bo Chen; Xin-Bao Wang; Li-Tao Yang; Yi-Ping Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EPM) is a plasma cell tumor arising outside of the bone marrow. Solitary EMP is an uncommon neoplasm and rarely occurs in the retroperitoneum and lacks distinctive clinical manifestations. We report a 26-year-old man with a solitary EMP in the retroperitoneum and discuss its clinical features, diagnosis and treatment.

  16. Dispersal of solitary bees and bumblebees in a winter oilseed rape field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Calabuig, Isabel

    2000-01-01

    Dispersal distributions of solitary bees and bumblebees were studied in a winter oilseed rape field. Window-traps were placed in the rape field along a line transect perpendicular to the field edge. 19 species of solitary bees were recorded and all but four species are polylectic, including...

  17. Differential Properties of Venom Peptides and Proteins in Solitary vs. Social Hunting Wasps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Si Hyeock; Baek, Ji Hyeong; Yoon, Kyungjae Andrew

    2016-01-01

    The primary functions of venoms from solitary and social wasps are different. Whereas most solitary wasps sting their prey to paralyze and preserve it, without killing, as the provisions for their progeny, social wasps usually sting to defend their colonies from vertebrate predators. Such distinctive venom properties of solitary and social wasps suggest that the main venom components are likely to be different depending on the wasps’ sociality. The present paper reviews venom components and properties of the Aculeata hunting wasps, with a particular emphasis on the comparative aspects of venom compositions and properties between solitary and social wasps. Common components in both solitary and social wasp venoms include hyaluronidase, phospholipase A2, metalloendopeptidase, etc. Although it has been expected that more diverse bioactive components with the functions of prey inactivation and physiology manipulation are present in solitary wasps, available studies on venom compositions of solitary wasps are simply too scarce to generalize this notion. Nevertheless, some neurotoxic peptides (e.g., pompilidotoxin and dendrotoxin-like peptide) and proteins (e.g., insulin-like peptide binding protein) appear to be specific to solitary wasp venom. In contrast, several proteins, such as venom allergen 5 protein, venom acid phosphatase, and various phospholipases, appear to be relatively more specific to social wasp venom. Finally, putative functions of main venom components and their application are also discussed. PMID:26805885

  18. Stability of Solitary Waves for Three Coupled Long Wave - Short Wave Interaction Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Borluk, H.; Erbay, S.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we consider a three-component system of one dimensional long wave-short wave interaction equations. The system has two-parameter family of solitary wave solutions. We prove orbital stability of the solitary wave solutions using variational methods.

  19. Solitary central osteoma of mandible in a geriatric patient: Report and review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhujbal, Ravi B.; Nayak, Ajay G.

    2016-01-01

    Solitary central osteomas of jaw are extremely rare lesions with only few previously documented cases. This paper reports a case of large solitary central osteoma involving mandible symphysis- parasymphysis region in an elderly female patient. A brief review of similar cases reported in the literature is also provided in this paper. Key words:Osteomas, osteogenic,bone, tumor, jaw, mandible. PMID:27034765

  20. Oceanic pycnocline depth retrieval from SAR imagery in the existence of solitary internal waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Oceanic pycnocline depth is usually inferred from in situ measurements. It is attempted to estimate the depth remotely. As solitary internal waves occur on oceanic pycnocline and propagate along it, it is possible to retrieve the depth indirectly in virtue of the solitary internal waves. A numerical model is presented for retrieving the pycnocline depth from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images where the solitary internal waves are visible and when ocean waters are fully stratified. This numerical model is constructed by combining the solitary internal wave model and a two-layer ocean model. It is also assumed that the observed groups of solitary internal wave packets on the SAR imagery are generated by local semidiurnal tides. A case study in the East China Sea shows a good agreement with in situ CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth) data.

  1. Electrostatic Korteweg-deVries solitary waves in a plasma with Kappa-distributed electrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, C.-R.; Min, K.-W. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Rhee, T.-N. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-09-15

    The Korteweg-deVries (KdV) equation that describes the evolution of nonlinear ion-acoustic solitary waves in plasmas with Kappa-distributed electrons is derived by using a reductive perturbation method in the small amplitude limit. We identified a dip-type (negative) electrostatic KdV solitary wave, in addition to the hump-type solution reported previously. The two types of solitary waves occupy different domains on the {kappa} (Kappa index)-V (propagation velocity) plane, separated by a curve corresponding to singular solutions with infinite amplitudes. For a given Kappa value, the dip-type solitary wave propagates faster than the hump-type. It was also found that the hump-type solitary waves cannot propagate faster than V = 1.32.

  2. Generation of internal solitary waves by frontally forced intrusions in geophysical flows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgault, Daniel; Galbraith, Peter S; Chavanne, Cédric

    2016-12-06

    Internal solitary waves are hump-shaped, large-amplitude waves that are physically analogous to surface waves except that they propagate within the fluid, along density steps that typically characterize the layered vertical structure of lakes, oceans and the atmosphere. As do surface waves, internal solitary waves may overturn and break, and the process is thought to provide a globally significant source of turbulent mixing and energy dissipation. Although commonly observed in geophysical fluids, the origins of internal solitary waves remain unclear. Here we report a rarely observed natural case of the birth of internal solitary waves from a frontally forced interfacial gravity current intruding into a two-layer and vertically sheared background environment. The results of the analysis carried out suggest that fronts may represent additional and unexpected sources of internal solitary waves in regions of lakes, oceans and atmospheres that are dynamically similar to the situation examined here in the Saguenay Fjord, Canada.

  3. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the management of solitary pulmonary nodule: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divisi, Duilio; Barone, Mirko; Zaccagna, Gino; Crisci, Roberto

    2017-11-01

    Solitary pulmonary nodules are common radiologic findings and their detection has increased due to the introduction and improvement of diagnostics. Since a nodule can be an expression of early lung cancers, a proper classification and management are required because its treatment might lead to decreased morbidity and mortality. In this regard, prominent guidelines are available although they are characterized sometimes by discordant and misleading evidences. Furthermore, the same results of studies in the literature appear conflicting. Aim of this work is to evaluate the role of imaging through an extensive literature review but focusing on 18-fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET/CT) in order to assess the limits and future perspectives of solitary pulmonary nodule characterization in early detection of lung cancer. Key messages Detection of solitary pulmonary nodules has increased. Management of solitary pulmonary nodules is still debated. Future perspectives of early solitary pulmonary nodule characterization.

  4. Generation of internal solitary waves by frontally forced intrusions in geophysical flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgault, Daniel; Galbraith, Peter S.; Chavanne, Cédric

    2016-12-01

    Internal solitary waves are hump-shaped, large-amplitude waves that are physically analogous to surface waves except that they propagate within the fluid, along density steps that typically characterize the layered vertical structure of lakes, oceans and the atmosphere. As do surface waves, internal solitary waves may overturn and break, and the process is thought to provide a globally significant source of turbulent mixing and energy dissipation. Although commonly observed in geophysical fluids, the origins of internal solitary waves remain unclear. Here we report a rarely observed natural case of the birth of internal solitary waves from a frontally forced interfacial gravity current intruding into a two-layer and vertically sheared background environment. The results of the analysis carried out suggest that fronts may represent additional and unexpected sources of internal solitary waves in regions of lakes, oceans and atmospheres that are dynamically similar to the situation examined here in the Saguenay Fjord, Canada.

  5. Dust Acoustic Solitary Waves in Saturn F-ring's Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E.K. El-Shewy; M.I. Abo el Maaty; H.G. Abdelwahed; M.A.Elmessary

    2011-01-01

    Effect of hot and cold dust charge on the propagation of dust-acoustic waves (DAWs) in unmagnetized plasma having electrons, singly charged ions, hot and cold dust grains has been investigated.The reductive perturbation method is employed to reduce the basic set of fluid equations to the Kortewege-de Vries (KdV) equation.At the critical hot dusty plasma density NhO, the KdV equation is not appropriate for describing the system.Hence, a set of stretched coordinates is considered to derive the modified KdV equation.It is found that the presence of hot and cold dust charge grains not only significantly modifies the basic properties of solitary structure, but also changes the polarity of the solitary profiles.In the vicinity of the critical hot dusty plasma density NhO, neither KdV nor mKdV equation is appropriate for describing the DAWs.Therefore, a further modified KdV (fmKdV) equation is derived, which admits both soliton and double layer solutions.

  6. Measurement of Ultra-Short Solitary Electromagnetic Pulses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Gescheidtova

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In connection with the events of the last few years and with the increased number of terrorist activities, the problem of identification and measurement of electromagnetic weapons or other systems impact occurred. Among these are also microwave sources, which can reach extensive peak power of up to Pmax = 100 MW. Solitary, in some cases several times repeated, impulses lasting from tp E <1, 60>ns, cause the destruction of semiconductor junctions. These days we can find scarcely no human activity, where semiconductor structures are not used. The problem of security support of the air traffic, transportation, computer nets, banks, national strategic data canter’s, and other applications crops up. Several types of system protection from the ultra-short electromagnetic pulses present itself, passive and active protection. The analysis of the possible measuring methods, convenient for the identification and measurement of the ultra-short solitary electromagnetic pulses in presented in this paper; some of the methods were chosen and used for practical measurement. This work is part of Research object MSM262200022 "Research of microelectronic systems".

  7. Numerical study of interfacial solitary waves propagating under an elastic sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhan; Părău, Emilian I.; Milewski, Paul A.; Vanden-Broeck, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    Steady solitary and generalized solitary waves of a two-fluid problem where the upper layer is under a flexible elastic sheet are considered as a model for internal waves under an ice-covered ocean. The fluid consists of two layers of constant densities, separated by an interface. The elastic sheet resists bending forces and is mathematically described by a fully nonlinear thin shell model. Fully localized solitary waves are computed via a boundary integral method. Progression along the various branches of solutions shows that barotropic (i.e. surface modes) wave-packet solitary wave branches end with the free surface approaching the interface. On the other hand, the limiting configurations of long baroclinic (i.e. internal) solitary waves are characterized by an infinite broadening in the horizontal direction. Baroclinic wave-packet modes also exist for a large range of amplitudes and generalized solitary waves are computed in a case of a long internal mode in resonance with surface modes. In contrast to the pure gravity case (i.e without an elastic cover), these generalized solitary waves exhibit new Wilton-ripple-like periodic trains in the far field. PMID:25104909

  8. Clinical and radiographic features of solitary and cemento-osseous dysplasia-associated simple bone cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadwick, J W; Alsufyani, N A; Lam, E W N

    2011-05-01

    The simple bone cyst (SBC) is a pseudocyst that can occur as a solitary entity in the jaws or may occur in association with cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD). The purpose of this study was to review the clinical and radiographic features of solitary and COD-associated SBCs. Archived imaging reports from the Special Procedures Clinic in Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology at the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto between 1 January 1989 and 31 December 2009 revealed 23 COD-associated SBCs and 68 solitary SBCs. Almost all solitary and COD-associated SBCs were found in the mandible. Furthermore, 87.0% of COD-associated SBCs were found in females in their fifth decade of life (P < 0.001) while solitary SBCs were found in equal numbers in both sexes in their second decade of life (P < 0.005). COD-associated SBCs were also more likely to cause thinning of the endosteal cortex, bone expansion and scalloping of the superior border between teeth (all P < 0.001) than solitary SBCs that are classically described as having these characteristics. Finally, COD-associated SBC demonstrated a loss of lamina dura more often (P < 0.05) than solitary SBCs. Knowledge of the sporadic association between COD and SBC and their potential radiographic appearances should prevent inappropriate treatment and management of these patients.

  9. An experimental study on runup of two solitary waves on plane beaches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUAN Rui-tao; WU Wei; LIU Hua

    2013-01-01

    Experiments of the runup of two solitary waves on a plane beach are carried out in a wave flume.The two solitary waves with the same amplitude and the crest separating distances are generated by using an improved wave generation method.It is found that,with regard to the two solitary waves with same wave amplitude,the runup amplification of the second wave is less than that of the first wave if the relative crest separating distance is reduced to a certain threshold value.The rundown of the first solitary wave depresses the maximum runup of the second wave.If the leading solitary wave is of relatively smaller amplitude for the two solitary waves,the runup amplification is affected by the overtaking process of two solitary waves.It turns out that the runup amplification of the second wave is larger than that of the first wave if the similarity factor is approximately larger than 15,which means the larger wave overtakes the smaller one before the waves runup on a beach.

  10. Rotating solitary wave at the wall of a cylindrical container

    KAUST Repository

    Amaouche, Mustapha

    2013-04-30

    This paper deals with the theoretical modeling of a rotating solitary surface wave that was observed during water drainage from a cylindrical reservoir, when shallow water conditions were reached. It represents an improvement of our previous study, where the radial flow perturbation was neglected. This assumption led to the classical planar Korteweg–de Vries equation for the wall wave profile, which did not account for the rotational character of the base flow. The present formulation is based on a less restricting condition and consequently corrects the last shortcoming. Now the influence of the background flow appears in the wave characteristics. The theory provides a better physical depiction of the unique experiment by predicting fairly well the wave profile at least in the first half of its lifetime and estimating the speed of the observed wave with good accuracy.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: 3 case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elias Amorim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Summary Introduction: solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP is a rare tumor arising from mesenchymatous cells in submesothelial pleural tissue which, unlike mesothelioma, is not related to asbestos or smoking. Methods: report of four patients who underwent surgical treatment for giant SFTP and review of the pertinent literature. Results: of the four patients operated, two presented symptoms including cough, chest pain and feeling of compression, whereas the other two subjects were asymptomatic. All patients underwent complete surgical resection by wide posterolateral thoracotomy, and surgical specimens removed with minimum bleeding. None of the cases required complementary lobectomy or segmentectomy. All tumors were histologically benign. Conclusion: complete resection of the lesion is the treatment of choice in all SFTP cases. Prognosis of the benign lesion is excellent, although close follow-up is necessary. In the rarer, more aggressive forms, treatment may be complemented by adjunctive chemotherapy or radiotherapy, the benefits of which have yet to be confirmed.

  12. Solitary-like waves in a liquid foam microchannel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouret, Yann; Cohen, Alexandre; Fraysse, Nathalie; Argentina, Médéric; Raufaste, Christophe

    2016-08-01

    Plateau borders (PBs) are liquid microchannels located at the contact between three bubbles in liquid foams. They are stable, deformable, and can be thought of as quasi-one-dimensional model systems to study surface waves in fluid dynamics. We show that the burst of a bubble trapped in a PB produces local constrictions which travel along the liquid channel at constant velocity, without significant change in shape. These patterns are reminiscent of the depression solitary waves encountered in nonlinear systems. By coupling flow inertia to capillary stresses, we derive a simple model that admits solitonic solutions, which we characterized numerically and analytically in the limit of small deformation. These solutions capture most of the features observed experimentally.

  13. Solitary Large Intestinal Diverticulitis in Leatherback Turtles (Dermochelys coriacea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stacy, B A; Innis, C J; Daoust, P-Y; Wyneken, J; Miller, M; Harris, H; James, M C; Christiansen, E F; Foley, A

    2015-07-01

    Leatherback sea turtles are globally distributed and endangered throughout their range. There are limited data available on disease in this species. Initial observations of solitary large intestinal diverticulitis in multiple leatherbacks led to a multi-institutional review of cases. Of 31 subadult and adult turtles for which complete records were available, all had a single exudate-filled diverticulum, as large as 9.0 cm in diameter, arising from the large intestine immediately distal to the ileocecal junction. All lesions were chronic and characterized by ongoing inflammation, numerous intralesional bacteria, marked attenuation of the muscularis, ulceration, and secondary mucosal changes. In three cases, Morganella morganii was isolated from lesions. Diverticulitis was unrelated to the cause of death in all cases, although risk of perforation and other complications are possible.

  14. Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus masquerading as solitary thyroid nodule

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basu S

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Secondary neoplasm of the thyroid mimicking a primary thyroid lesion is a rare finding, especially in an individual without a past history of malignancy. A case of squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to the thyroid (presenting as a solitary thyroid nodule, who had an unsuspected primary in the esophagus is described. Usually, multiple areas of the gland are involved in the secondary involvement of the thyroid. The clinical presentation of an apparently asymptomatic mass with neck lymphadenopathy, normal thyroid functions, and a cold nodule on 99mTcO4- thyroid scan can often lead to a misdiagnosis as primary thyroid neoplasm. The present case underscores the fact that due importance to the subtle signs and symptoms and a high degree of suspicion, whenever the histology is unusual for a thyroid primary, is needed and the workup should include ruling out other primary malignancies.

  15. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis: a rare extrathoracic manifestation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessmann, J; Seybold, D; Helwing, M; Muhr, G; Schildhauer, T A

    2009-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasms. To date only very few cases of pelvic SFT have been reported in the literature. SFT are characterized by unique microscopic and immunohistochemical findings. Complete local resection is the treatment of choice. Recurrence and metastasis may be related to infrequent malignant histological features, but histology is not always a reliable predictor for prognosis. Therefore long-term follow-up is necessary.We report about a male patient with a malignant pelvic SFT. After complete resection the tumor recurred after a short period of 6 months posterior to the original location in the pelvis. The differential diagnoses and the therapy options are discussed with a review of the present literature.

  16. Solitary spinal metastasis of Hürthle cell thyroid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sciubba, Daniel M; Petteys, Rory J; Kang, Steven; Than, Khoi D; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Gallia, Gary L; Wolinsky, Jean-Paul

    2010-06-01

    Hürthle cell carcinoma is a rare variant of differentiated thyroid cancer that occasionally forms distant metastases. However, even in the presence of metastases, patients with Hürthle cell carcinoma have a relatively good prognosis. There are few reports of Hürthle cell carcinoma metastases to the vertebral column, and none describing aggressive resection of spinal metastases. Here, we report a 68-year-old woman with a solitary metastasis of Hürthle cell carcinoma to the T1 vertebral body causing severe kyphotic deformity, myelopathy, and pain. The patient was treated with aggressive excisional decompression of the spinal cord and T1 vertebral body resection from an entirely posterior approach. Reconstruction and stabilization of the anterior spine was accomplished with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion allograft spacer and posterior instrumentation. We discuss aspects of the diagnosis, management, patient selection, and surgical treatment of metastatic Hürthle cell carcinoma in reference to the literature.

  17. Solitary osteosclerotic plasmacytoma: association with demyelinating polyneuropathy and amyloid deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, S.D.; Hall, F.M. [Dept. of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Murphey, M.D. [Dept. of Radiologic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC (United States); Dept. of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)

    2001-09-01

    A 51-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of polyneuropathy necessitating the use of a wheelchair. Initial diagnosis was idiopathic chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and associated monoclonal gammopathy. Investigations for multiple myeloma, including bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, were negative. What was initially felt to be an incidental osteosclerotic focus noted on the radiographic bone survey was eventually shown to be a solitary osteosclereotic plasmacytoma with associated amyloid. This dramatically altered treatment. This case emphasizes the importance of including osteosclerotic plasmacytoma in the differential diagnosis of a focal sclerotic bone lesion in the clinical setting of polyneuropathy. These lesions are less likely to progress to multiple myeloma than lytic plasma cell neoplasms, and the presence of polyneuropathy often results in earlier diagnosis and treatment with enhanced prospect of cure. The finding of amyloid deposition within the osteosclerotic lesion may be of prognostic importance. (orig.)

  18. Solitary plexiform neurofibroma determining pyloric obstruction: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Cambruzzi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Solitary gastric plexiform neurofibroma (PN is a very rare tumor that originates from the peripheral nerves. PN is a rare cause of pyloric obstruction. A 58 year-old man, reported epigastric discomfort, nausea, and vomiting for two months. Upper digestive endoscopy showed a moderate/accentuated pyloric stenosis. Computed tomography (CT and echoendoscopy revealed a pyloric nodule. The patient underwent to distal gastrectomy. Macroscopically, a gray nodule measuring 1.1 × 1.0 × 1.0 cm was identified. Using microscopy, a benign tumor composed of enlarged tortuous nerve fascicles showing a neurofibromatous proliferation with mild atypia and myxoid matrix was found. The lesion showed positive immunoexpression for S100, Leu7, and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA, and was negative for CD117, DOG-1, desmin, and smooth muscle actin. The diagnosis of PN was then determined.

  19. Solitary wave generation from continuum in asymmetric oppositely directed nonlinear waveguide coupler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazantseva, E. V.; Maimistov, A. I.

    2016-08-01

    In a model which describes asymmetric oppositely directed nonlinear waveguide coupler it was observed in the numerical simulation a phenomenon of solitary wave formation from the input constant continuous wave set at the entrance of a waveguide with negative index of refraction. Threshold value of the amplitude of the constant continuous wave, which defines the condition of appearance of the first solitary wave, decreases with increasing of the parameter of nonlinearity. The period of solitary wave formation decreases with increasing of the continuum wave amplitude.

  20. Effect of adiabatic variation of dust charges on dust acoustic solitary waves in magnetized dusty plasmas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Wen-Shan

    2004-01-01

    The effect of dust charging and the influence of its adiabatic variation on dust acoustic waves is investigated. By employing the reductive perturbation technique we derived a Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation for small amplitude dust acoustic waves. We have analytically verified that there are only rarefactive solitary waves for this system. The instability region for one-dimensional solitary wave under transverse perturbations has also been obtained. The obliquely propagating solitary waves to the z-direction for the ZK equation are given in this paper as well.

  1. Developing Serpent-Type Wave Generators to Create Solitary Wave Simulations with BEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Kai WENG; Ruey-Syan SHIH; Chung-Ren CHOU

    2013-01-01

    Developing serpent-type wave generators to generate solitary waves in a 3D-basin was investigated in this study. Based on the Lagrangian description with time-marching procedures and finite differences of the time derivative, a 3D multiple directional wave basin with multidirectional piston wave generators was developed to simulate ocean waves by using BEM with quadrilateral elements, and to simulate wave-caused problems with fully nonlinear water surface conditions. The simulations of perpendicular solitary waves were conducted in the first instance to verify this scheme. Furthermore, the comparison of the waveform variations confirms that the estimation of 3D solitary waves is a feasible scheme.

  2. Periodic Semifolded Solitary Waves for (2+1)-Dimensional Variable Coefficient Broer-Kaup System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Jie; HUANG Wen-Hua

    2008-01-01

    Applying the extended mapping method via Riccati equation, many exact variable separation solutions for the (2+1)-dimensional variable coefficient Broer-Kaup equation are obtained. Introducing multiple valued function and Jacobi elliptic function in the seed solution, special types of periodic semifolded solitary waves are derived. In the long wave limit these periodic semifolded solitary wave excitations may degenerate into single semifolded localized soliton structures. The interactions of the periodic semifolded solitary waves and their degenerated single semifolded soliton structures are investigated graphically and found to be completely elastic.

  3. The Solitary Variant of Mandibular Intraosseous Neurofibroma: Report of a Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavan Kumar Gujjar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurofibroma (NF is a benign neoplasm derived from peripheral nerve cells. NF may extend either as a solitary lesion or as part of a generalized syndrome of neurofibromatosis. Intraorally, the intraosseous variant of neurofibroma is a very rare tumor. The literature provides only few cases of solitary intraosseous neurofibroma of the mandible. We report a case of 28-year-old female who was diagnosed with a solitary intraosseous neurofibroma involving the lower left quadrant of the mandible. The present case is rare in regard to its dimensions and its location.

  4. Scabies presenting as solitary mastocytoma-like eruption in an infant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salces, Inés García; Alfaro, Jorge; Sáenz DE Santamaría, Maria Carmen; Sanchez, Milagros

    2009-01-01

    We report a case in which the initial clinical finding was a solitary cutaneous nodule on the wrist of a young infant which urticated when rubbed, and was diagnosed as a solitary mastocytoma. Two months later, she had the onset of a new vesiculo-pustular eruption on the palms and soles, consistent with scabies infestation and treatment with topical permethrin 5% cream resulted in resolution of the entire eruption, including the primary nodule. While scabies has been reported to mimick a variety of conditions including urticaria pigmentosa, to our knowledge no previous cases masquerading as solitary mastocytoma have been reported.

  5. Bifurcation and Solitary Waves of the Combined KdV and KdV Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUA Cun-Cai; LIU Yan-Zhu

    2002-01-01

    Bifurcation, bistability and solitary waves of the combined KdV and mKdV equation are investigatedsystematically. At first, bifurcation and bistability are analyzed by selecting an integral constant as the bifurcationparameter. Then, different conditions expressed in terms of the bifurcation parameter are obtained for the existence ofbreather-like, algebraic, pulse-like solitary waves, and shock waves. All types of the solitary wave and shock wave solutionsare given by direct integration. Finally, an approximate analytic method by employing the interpolation polynomials iscomplete and the theoretical methods are the simplest hitherto.

  6. Bifurcation and solitary waves of the nonlinear wave equation with quartic polynomial potential

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    化存才; 刘延柱

    2002-01-01

    For the nonlinear wave equation with quartic polynomial potential, bifurcation and solitary waves are investigated. Based on the bifurcation and the energy integral of the two-dimensional dynamical system satisfied by the travelling waves, it is very interesting to find different sufficient and necessary conditions in terms of the bifurcation parameter for the existence and coexistence of bright, dark solitary waves and shock waves. The method of direct integration is developed to give all types of solitary wave solutions. Our method is simpler than other newly developed ones. Some results are similar to those obtained recently for the combined KdV-mKdV equation.

  7. An ancillary CT finding of intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Dong Jun; Rho, Ji Young; Kwon, Ah Young [CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-02-15

    Intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor is extremely rare. A few reports have presented typical CT findings such as well-defined, variable—sized, heterogeneously or homogenously well-enhanced intrapulmonary nodules. We report herein a rare case of intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor that showed typical clinical and CT features, and we also provide an ancillary CT finding that shows a distinguishable tubular vascular structure within the nodule. The tubular vascular structure was conjoined to the proximal pulmonary vein. In this study, we highlight an ancillary CT finding reported for the first time for the diagnosis of a patient with intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor.

  8. Solitary SH waves in two-layered traction-free plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djeran-Maigre, Irini; Kuznetsov, Sergey

    2008-01-01

    A solitary wave, resembling a soliton wave, is observed when analyzing the linear problem of polarized shear (SH) surface acoustic waves propagating in elastic orthotropic two-layered traction-free plates. The analysis is performed by applying a special complex formalism and the Modified Transfer Matrix (MTM) method. Conditions for the existence of solitary SH waves are obtained. Analytical expressions for the phase speed of the solitary wave are derived. To cite this article: I. Djeran-Maigre, S. Kuznetsov, C. R. Mecanique 336 (2008).

  9. Adenocarcinoma and infection in a solitary hepatic cyst: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ching-Chung Lin; Shee-Chan Lin; Wen-Ching Ko; Kuo-Ming Chang; Shou-Chuan Shih

    2005-01-01

    Solitary non-parasitic liver cysts are being increasingly diagnosed due to the increased use of abdominal sonography. The majority of solitary liver cysts are asymptomatic; however, there are some complications which include infection, perforation, spontaneous hemorrhage, obstructive jaundice and neoplastic degeneration. In some cases a cystic liver lesion may mimic a tumor and is difficult to differentiate with standard imaging studies or fine needle aspiration cytology. Here in, we report a case of adenocarcinoma arising in a solitary hepatic cyst complicated with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. High levels of CEA in the cyst fluid levels suggested malignancy, which was confirmed by pathology of the resected specimen.

  10. Solitary paraganglioma of the hypoglossal nerve: case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Raza, Kazim

    2011-04-01

    BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: We report the case history of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma in a 64-year-old woman. The surgical difficulties encountered in the removal of this challenging tumor are discussed and as a literature review provided. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman presented with a short history of dysphonia, occasional dysphagia, tinnitus, altered taste, and unilateral left-sided tongue wasting. On examination, there was left lower motor hypoglossal paralysis. Imaging showed a discrete enhancing lobulated mass, measuring 2 × 2 cm, in the region of the hypoglossal nerve extending into the hypoglossal canal suggestive of hypoglossal paraganglioma. A left dorsolateral suboccipital craniotomy was performed with the patient in the sitting position. The hypoglossal nerve appeared to be enlarged, and the jugular foramen was normal. Complete surgical debulking of the tumor was not attempted because of its vascular nature. The nerve was decompressed, and neuropathology confirmed a low-grade paraganglioma arising from the hypoglossal nerve. The patient was scheduled to receive stereotactic radiation for further management. CONCLUSION: When a case of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma is encountered in clinical practice, the aim of management should be mainly focused on achieving a diagnosis and preserving the hypoglossal nerve function. If there is evidence of vascularity in the lesion noted on magnetic resonance imaging, a preoperative angiogram should be obtained with a view for embolization. We decompressed the hypoglossal canal and achieved good improvement in the patient\\'s symptoms. We recommend stereotactic radiosurgery for remnant and small hypoglossal tumors and regular follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging scans.

  11. Numerical simulations of shoaling internal solitary waves of elevation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Chengzhu; Subich, Christopher; Stastna, Marek

    2016-07-01

    We present high-resolution, two- and three-dimensional direct numerical simulations of large amplitude internal solitary waves of elevation on the laboratory scale, shoaling onto and over a small-amplitude shelf. The three-dimensional, mapped coordinate, spectral collocation method used for the simulations allows for accurate modelling of both the shoaling waves and the bottom boundary layer. The shoaling of the waves is characterized by the formation of a quasi-trapped core which undergoes a spatially growing stratified shear instability at its edge and a lobe-cleft instability in its nose. Both of these instabilities develop and three-dimensionalize concurrently, leading to strong bottom shear stress. We explore significant regions of Schmidt and Reynolds number space and demonstrate that the formation of shear instabilities during shoaling is robust and should be readily observable in a number of standard laboratory setups. In the experiments with a corrugated bottom boundary, boundary layer separation is found inside each of the corrugations during shoaling. This more complex boundary layer phenomenology precludes the formation of the lobe-cleft instability almost completely and hence provides a different mechanism for fluid and material exchange across the bottom boundary layer. Our analyses suggest that all of these wave-induced instabilities can lead to enhanced turbulence in the water column and increased shear stress on the bottom boundary. Through the generation and evolution of these instabilities, the shoaling of internal solitary waves of elevation is likely to provide systematic mechanisms for material mixing, cross-boundary layer transport, and sediment resuspension.

  12. Solitary paraganglioma of the hypoglossal nerve: case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Raza, Kazim

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: We report the case history of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma in a 64-year-old woman. The surgical difficulties encountered in the removal of this challenging tumor are discussed and as a literature review provided. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman presented with a short history of dysphonia, occasional dysphagia, tinnitus, altered taste, and unilateral left-sided tongue wasting. On examination, there was left lower motor hypoglossal paralysis. Imaging showed a discrete enhancing lobulated mass, measuring 2 x 2 cm, in the region of the hypoglossal nerve extending into the hypoglossal canal suggestive of hypoglossal paraganglioma. A left dorsolateral suboccipital craniotomy was performed with the patient in the sitting position. The hypoglossal nerve appeared to be enlarged, and the jugular foramen was normal. Complete surgical debulking of the tumor was not attempted because of its vascular nature. The nerve was decompressed, and neuropathology confirmed a low-grade paraganglioma arising from the hypoglossal nerve. The patient was scheduled to receive stereotactic radiation for further management. CONCLUSION: When a case of solitary hypoglossal paraganglioma is encountered in clinical practice, the aim of management should be mainly focused on achieving a diagnosis and preserving the hypoglossal nerve function. If there is evidence of vascularity in the lesion noted on magnetic resonance imaging, a preoperative angiogram should be obtained with a view for embolization. We decompressed the hypoglossal canal and achieved good improvement in the patient\\'s symptoms. We recommend stereotactic radiosurgery for remnant and small hypoglossal tumors and regular follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging scans.

  13. VATS intraoperative tattooing to facilitate solitary pulmonary nodule resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boutros Cherif

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS has become routine and widely accepted for the removal of solitary pulmonary nodules of unknown etiology. Thoracosopic techniques continue to evolve with better instruments, robotic applications, and increased patient acceptance and awareness. Several techniques have been described to localize peripheral pulmonary nodules, including pre-operative CT-guided tattooing with methylene blue, CT scan guided spiral/hook wire placement, and transthoracic ultrasound. As pulmonary surgeons well know, the lung and visceral pleura may appear featureless on top of a pulmonary nodule. Case description This paper presents a rapid, direct and inexpensive approach to peripheral lung lesion resection by marking the lung parenchyma on top of the nodule using direct methylene blue injection. Methods In two patients with peripherally located lung nodules (n = 3 scheduled for VATS, we used direct methylene blue injection for intraoperative localization of the pulmonary nodule. Our technique was the following: After finger palpation of the lung, a spinal 25 gauge needle was inserted through an existing port and 0.1 ml of methylene blue was used to tattoo the pleura perpendicular to the localized nodule. The methylene blue tattoo immediately marks the lung surface over the nodule. The surgeon avoids repeated finger palpation, while lining up stapler, graspers and camera, because of the visible tattoo. Our technique eliminates regrasping and repalpating the lung once again to identify a non marked lesion. Results Three lung nodules were resected in two patients. Once each lesion was palpated it was marked, and the area was resected with security of accurate localization. All lung nodules were resected in totality with normal lung parenchymal margins. Our technique added about one minute to the operative time. The two patients were discharged home on the second postoperative day, with no morbidity. Conclusion

  14. Differentially expressed genes between solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma and nodular hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lian-Yue Yang; Wei Wang; Ji-Xiang Peng; Jie-Quan Yang; Gen-Wen Huang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the difference in gene expression between solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) and nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (NHCC).METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of 8464 human genes were spotted on a chip in array. DNAs were then fixed on a glass plate. Total RNA was isolated from freshly excised human SLHCC (n=7) and NHCC (n=15)tissues, and was reversely transcribed to cDNAs with the incorporation of fluorescent dUTP for preparation of hybridization probes. The mixed probes were then hybridized to the cDNA microarray. After highly stringent washing,cDNA microarray was scanned for the fluorescent signals to display the difference between the two kinds of HCC. In addition, the expression of RhoC and protocadherin LKC was also detected with the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method.RESULTS: Among the 8 464 human genes, 668 (7.89%)genes were expressed differentially at the mRNA levels between SLHCC and NHCC. Three hundred and fifty five (4.19%) genes, including protocadherin LKC, were upregulated, whereas 313 (3.70%) genes, including RhoC,were down-regulated. The mRNA expression levels of RhoC and protocadherin LKCwere confirmed by RT-PCR. Analysis of differentially expressed genes confirmed that our molecular data obtained by cDNA microarray were consistent with the published biochemical and clinical observations of SLHCC and NHCC.CONCLUSION: cDNA microarray is an effective technique in screening the difference in gene expression between SLHCC and NHCC. Many of these differentially expressed genes are involved in the invasion and metastasis of HCC.Further analysis of these genes will help to understand the different molecular mechanisms of SLHCC and NHCC.

  15. Solitary Wave and Non-traveling Wave Solutions to Two Nonlinear Evolution Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    By applying the extended homogeneous balance method, we find some new explicit solutions to two nonlinear evolution equations, which include n-resonance plane solitary wave and non-traveling wave solutions.

  16. Different Types of Solitary Wave Scattering in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Zhen-Ying; ZHAO Hong

    2005-01-01

    @@ We show that the scattering between two solitary waves in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model with interaction potential V(x) = αx2/2 + x4/4 can be classified into four types according to the configurations of the solitary waves. For three of the four types, the large solitary wave can lose energy and the small one can gain in average by collision.For the other one type in a special parameter region we encounter an anomalous scattering, i.e. the large solitary wave gains energy and the small one loses energy. Numerical investigations are performed for the anharmonic limit case of α = 0 and the general case of α≠ 0 and comparisons between them are made.

  17. A Rare Case of Solitary Peutz Jeghers Type Hamartomatous Duodenal Polyp with Dysplasia!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathi, Chetan Devendra; Solanke, Dattatray Balasaheb; Kabra, Nikita Lalitkumar; Ingle, Meghraj Ananda; Sawant, Prabha Dilip

    2016-07-01

    Solitary Peutz Jeghers (SPJ) type hamartomatous polyp is a rare and separate entity from classic Peutz Jeghers syndrome (PJS). A hamartomatous polyp without associated mucocutaneous pigmentations, any other gastrointestinal polyp or a family history of PJS is diagnosed as a SPJ type polyp. We described a case of 22-year-old young man in whom solitary duodenal polyp was incidentally detected and resected. Histopathological examination revealed PJ type hamartomatous polyp with foci of adenomatous and moderate dysplastic change. Very few cases of solitary duodenal PJ type hamartomatous polyps with malignant transformation have been reported. They can be treated with endoscopic or surgical resection. Endoscopic ultrasound can give an idea about the depth of involvement. This is a rare case of duodenal solitary PJ polyp with dysplasia in a young patient.

  18. Open Partial Nephrectomy in Solitary Kidney with Multiple Renal Cell Carcinoma: a Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji-rui Niu; Quan-zong Mao; Zhi-gang Ji

    2011-01-01

    RENAL cell carcinoma (RCC) in a solitary kidney presents a unique clinical challenge to urological surgeons.Partial nephrectomy (PN) or nephron-sparing surgery in this condition provides good oncological and renal fuctional outcomes with an acceptable complication rate.1,2 Long-term renal function remains stable in most patients with solitary kidneys after a reduction of more than 50% in renal mass.3 PN is a surgical procedure reserved for patients with a tumor in a solitary kidney,bilateral renal tumors,or renal function impairment.4 The challenge of preserving renal parenchyma is significantly complicated with the discovery of multiple masses in a solitary kidney because any subsequent complications may result in a significant decline in quality of life.Particularly in the case of postoperative renal failure,dialysis becomes necessary.

  19. Resource effects on solitary bee reproduction in a managed crop pollination system

    Science.gov (United States)

    The number of solitary bees (Megachile rotundata) released for pollination in a managed system (Medicago sativa seed production) and the number of flowers available for brood provisioning may affect reproduction through maternal resource allocation and investment. Overwhelming, limited, or adequate...

  20. [Solitary hepatic cyst. Presentation of a case diagnosed in neonatal period].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruíz Jiménez, J I; Cuenca Burgos, M J; Vera Lorente, M; Espejo García, M P; Zambudio, G

    1992-10-01

    We reported one case of hepatic solitary cyst, in an infant seven days old. The precocious diagnostic was supported by the presence of an abdominal cyst mass in prenatal period. Different diagnostic and therapeutic consideration are made.

  1. MR Imaging Features of a Solitary Subcutaneous Metastasis from a Gastric Adenocarcinoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Im; Choi, Jung Ah; Choi, Ja Young; Hong, Sung Hwan; Kang, Heung Sik [Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Jin Haeng; Oh, Joo Han [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seungnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-03-15

    Subcutaneous tissue is an unusual site for a metastasis from a gastric carcinoma. We present a case of a patient with a nodular solitary subcutaneous metastasis from a gastric cancer and describe its magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features

  2. The risk-return trade-off between solitary and eusocial reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Feng; Kocher, Sarah D; Nowak, Martin A

    2015-01-01

    Social insect colonies can be seen as a distinct form of biological organisation because they function as superorganisms. Understanding how natural selection acts on the emergence and maintenance of these colonies remains a major question in evolutionary biology and ecology. Here, we explore this by using multi-type branching processes to calculate the basic reproductive ratios and the extinction probabilities for solitary vs. eusocial reproductive strategies. We find that eusociality, albeit being hugely successful once established, is generally less stable than solitary reproduction unless large demographic advantages of eusociality arise for small colony sizes. We also demonstrate how such demographic constraints can be overcome by the presence of ecological niches that strongly favour eusociality. Our results characterise the risk-return trade-offs between solitary and eusocial reproduction, and help to explain why eusociality is taxonomically rare: eusociality is a high-risk, high-reward strategy, whereas solitary reproduction is more conservative.

  3. A unified approach in seeking the solitary wave solutions to sine-Gordon type equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Yuan-Xi; Tang Jia-Shi

    2005-01-01

    By utilizing the solutions of an auxiliary ordinary differential equation introduced in this paper, we present a simple and direct method to uniformly construct the exact solitary wave solutions for sine-Gordon type equations.As illustrative examples, the exact solitary wave solutions of some physically significant sine-Gordon type equations,including the sine-Gordon equation, double sine-Gordon equation and mKdV-sine-Gordon equation, are investigated by means of this method.

  4. Contrast examination as a prognostic factor in the treatment of solitary bone cyst by cortisone injection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capanna, R.; Campanacci, M.; Albisinni, U.; Caroli, G.C.

    1984-07-01

    Local injection of radiopaque medium demonstrated the presence of intracystic fibrous septa in 13 patients with solitary bone cyst. Contrast examination was helpful in predicting the response of solitary bone cysts to treatment by injection of methylprednisolone-acetate (MPA). As the number of septa increased, an increased difficulty in obtaining an equal distribution of MPA inside the cyst and a higher incidence of incomplete healing of the cyst was encountered.

  5. Solitary myeloma with massive extracellular crystalline structures--a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Y. G.; Yang, K. H.; Gang, S. J.; Kim, B. K.; Kim, S. M.

    1991-01-01

    We describe a case of solitary myeloma showing cystic change filled with massive crystalline structures in a 54-year-old woman. A bone X-ray showed a solitary cystic osteolytic lesion in the right iliac bone. Serum and urine protein electrophoresis showed no demonstrable M-protein, and bone-marrow aspirates did not show any myeloma cells. Histologic examination of the tumor revealed aggregation of plasma cells with massive extracellular infiltration of the rhomboid-shaped crystalline structur...

  6. A rare cause of chronic rectal bleeding in children; solitary rectal ulcer: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temiz, Abdulkerim; Tander, Burak; Temiz, Muhyittin; Barış, Sancar; Arıtürk, Ender

    2011-03-01

    Solitary rectal ulcer causing lower gastrointestinal bleeding is extremely rare in children. Rare presentation, non-specific symptoms, insufficient experience, and characteristics mimicking other rectal diseases may cause misdiagnosis or delay of diagnosis in some pediatric patients. Here, we report a 10-year-old boy with solitary rectal ulcer diagnosed two years after onset of the symptoms who responded well to the conservative therapy, including high-fiber diet, laxatives, defecation training, and sucralfate enema.

  7. Dust acoustic solitary and shock waves in strongly coupled dusty plasmas with nonthermal ions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hamid Reza Pakzad; Kurosh Javidan

    2009-11-01

    The Korteweg–de Vries–Burgers (KdV–Burgers) equation and modified Korteweg–de Vries–Burgers equation are derived in strongly coupled dusty plasmas containing nonthermal ions and Boltzmann distributed electrons. It is found that solitary waves and shock waves can be produced in this medium. The effects of important parameters such as ion nonthermal parameter, temperature, density and velocity on the properties of shock waves and solitary waves are discussed.

  8. Solitary wave solution to a singularly perturbed generalized Gardner equation with nonlinear terms of any order

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J B ZHOU; J XU; J D WEI; X Q YANG

    2017-04-01

    This paper is concerned with the existence of travelling wave solutions to a singularly perturbed generalized Gardner equation with nonlinear terms of any order. By using geometric singular perturbation theory and based on the relation between solitary wave solution and homoclinic orbits of the associated ordinary differential equations, the persistence of solitary wave solutions of this equation is proved when the perturbation parameter is sufficiently small. The numerical simulations verify our theoretical analysis.

  9. SOLITARY PLASMACYTOMA OF MAXILLA IN A HBSAG POSITIVE PATIENT: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajkumar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Plasma cell neoplasm’s constitute a group of disorders characterized by monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells and presence of monoclonal immunoglobulin in the serum. We report a case of solitary bone plasmacytoma of maxilla, a variant of PCNs. Because solitary bone plasmacytoma are quite rare in the oral cavity, they are often not commonly included i n the differential diagnosis of lesions occurring in the maxillary palatal region. The definitive diagnosis requires computed tomography scan, histopathological examination and immunoelectrophoresis.

  10. Polarized seismic and solitary waves run-up at the sea bed

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dennis, L. C.C.; Zainal, A. A.; Faisal, S. Y. [Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26

    The polarization effects in hydrodynamics are studied. Hydrodynamic equation for the nonlinear wave is used along with the polarized solitary waves and seismic waves act as initial waves. The model is then solved by Fourier spectral and Runge-Kutta 4 methods, and the surface plot is drawn. The output demonstrates the inundation behaviors. Consequently, the polarized seismic waves along with the polarized solitary waves tend to generate dissimilar inundation which is more disastrous.

  11. Seizure recurrence in patients with solitary cystic granuloma or single parenchymal cerebral calcification: a comparative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Laxmi Narayan; Garg, Ravindra Kumar; Verma, Rajesh; Singh, Maneesh Kumar; Malhotra, Hardeep Singh

    2013-12-01

    Solitary cysticercus granuloma and single parenchymal calcified lesion are two common neuroimaging abnormalities in Indian patients with epilepsy. In this study, we evaluated the frequency and predictors of seizure recurrence in patients presenting with new onset epilepsy or single epileptic seizures and these two different imaging findings. We enrolled 115 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. All patients were clinically evaluated and were treated with oxcarbazepine. No anti-helminthic treatment was prescribed. The patients were followed up for 6 months. In the solitary cystic granuloma group, repeat computed tomography was done after 6 months. The study included 80 patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and 35 patients with a single calcified lesion. Twenty (25%) patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma and 12 (34.3%) patients with parenchymal calcified lesion had a seizure recurrence during the study period (p = 0.307). After 6 months, 57 (71.3%) patients in the solitary cysticercus granuloma group demonstrated complete resolution of the granuloma and in 21 (26.2%) patients the granuloma transformed into a calcified lesion. In the solitary cysticercus granuloma group, a family history of seizure, serial seizures and calcification on follow-up neuroimaging (p seizures. In patients with a single parenchymal calcified lesions, electroencephalographic abnormalities and serial seizures (p = seizure recurrence rate was insignificantly higher in patients with calcified lesions than in patients with solitary cysticercosis granulomas. In conclusion, in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma, a family history of seizures, serial seizures and calcification of the granuloma, and in patients with a calcified brain lesion, electroencephalographic abnormalities, family history of epilepsy and serial seizures were associated with an increased risk of seizure recurrence. Copyright © 2013 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  12. The superposition method in seeking the solitary wave solutions to the KdV-Burgers equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yuanxi Xie; Jilashi Tang

    2006-03-01

    In this paper, starting from the careful analysis on the characteristics of the Burgers equation and the KdV equation as well as the KdV-Burgers equation, the superposition method is put forward for constructing the solitary wave solutions of the KdV-Burgers equation from those of the Burgers equation and the KdV equation. The solitary wave solutions for the KdV-Burgers equation are presented successfully by means of this method.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the hard palate: a rare entity in oral cavity

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Antonione Santos Bezerra; Department of Oral Pathology – São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center – Campinas – SP – Brazil.; De Araújo, Vera Cavalcanti; Department of Oral Pathology – São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center – Campinas – SP – Brazil.; Santos, Fabrício Passador; Department of Oral Pathology – São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center – Campinas – SP – Brazil.; Filho, José Ferreira de Menezes; Antonio Carlos Institute of Tocantins – Araguaína – TO – Brazil.; Siqueira, Viviane; Department of Oral Pathology – São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center – Campinas – SP – Brazil.; Soares, Andresa Borges; Department of Oral Pathology – São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center – Campinas – SP – Brazil.

    2016-01-01

    A case of solitary fibrous tumor is reported. Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasia characterized by the proliferation of fusiform cells of mesenchymal origin accounting for at least 2% of all soft tissue tumors. In this present case, the initial diagnosis was salivary gland tumor because of the location in the hard palate. Histologically, the tumor was composed by conjunctive tissue with proliferation of oval and fusiform cells. The immunohistochemical analysis was positive for CD34 and...

  14. Analytical solitary wave solutions of the nonlinear Kronig-Penney model in photonic structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kominis, Y

    2006-06-01

    A phase space method is employed for the construction of analytical solitary wave solutions of the nonlinear Kronig-Penney model in a photonic structure. This class of solutions is obtained under quite generic conditions, while the method is applicable to a large variety of systems. The location of the solutions on the spectral band gap structure as well as on the low dimensional space of system's conserved quantities is studied, and robust solitary wave propagation is shown.

  15. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis of the skull: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Eun; Cho, Kil Ho; Suh, Jang Ho; Choi, Joon Hyuk [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare, benign mesenchymal disorder of early childhood characterized by solitary or multiple benign myofibroblastic tumors. The tumors may involve the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, bone and visceral organs. We report magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis arising in the temporal bone of a ten-month-old boy, and the diagnosis was confirmed by surgical excision and histopathological examination.

  16. Nonhydrostatic Numerical Investigations of Oscillating Flow Over Sills: Generation of Internal Tides and Solitary Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    northern South China Sea in idealized settings, and 3) to provide information on wave characteristics to principal investigators in NLIWI (Nonlinear...Solitary Waves in the Northern South China Sea : a Nonhydrostatic Numerical Investigation.” The study of waves in a two-ridge system emphasizes the...Solitary Waves in the Northern South China Sea : a Nonhydrostatic Numerical Investigation.” IMPLICATION/APPLICATIONS See the report for

  17. Modeling population dynamics of solitary bees in relation to habitat quality

    OpenAIRE

    Ulbrich, K.; Seidelmann, K.

    2001-01-01

    To understand associations between habitat, individual behaviour, and population development of solitary bees we developed an individual-based model. This model is based on field observations of Osmia rufa (L) (Apoideae: Megachilidae) and describes population dynamics of solitary bees. Model rules are focused on maternal investment, in particular on the female’s individual decisions about sex and size of progeny. In the present paper, we address the effect of habi...

  18. Keratocystic odontogenic tumor: A biopsy service’s experience with 104 solitary, multiple and recurrent lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a clinically significant cystic lesion of odontogenic origin. This study aimed to retrospectively review and describe the clinicopathologic features of KCOT and to objectively compare the clinical and histological features of solitary, multiple and recurrent KCOT in a Saudi Arabian population. Material and Methods Biopsy request forms, pathology records and archival materials (all histological slides) of 104 cases of KCOT from 75 patients were retrieved. Demographic and clinical details as well as histological evaluation were analyzed and compared between the 3 groups using chi-squared or Mann-Whitney tests of association as appropriate. Results Significant differences were noted in the age of presentation, location and association with impaction between multiple and solitary cases. Histologically, there was a difference in the mitotic count, presence of satellite cysts and proliferating odontogenic epithelium between solitary and multiple lesions. There was no difference between the KCOT that later recurred and solitary lesion which did not recur even when matched clinically for age, sex and location. There were differences when solitary KCOT that later recurred or recurrent KCOT were compared with multiple lesions. Multiple lesions still had more significant proliferative activity parameters than solitary recurrence-related KCOT. Conclusions KCOTs in Saudi Arabians are not different from those reported from other parts of the world. Clinical and histological analyses showed multiple KCOT is different from its solitary recurrent or non-recurrent counterparts and has a higher proliferative activity than both. Clinicohistologic features alone cannot wholly explain the behavior of KCOT. Key words:Descriptive study, keratocystic odontogenic tumor, odontogenic keratocyst, solitary, multiple, recurrent. PMID:27475695

  19. Solitary luteinized follicle cyst of pregnancy complicated with persistent postpartum vaginal bleeding: case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Song-ying; HUANG He-feng; TONG Xiao-mei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Solitary luteinized follicle cyst, a rare cause of ovarian enlargement during pregnancy and puerperium, is a self-limited disease that can regress spontaneously after labor. The complications of the disease include ovarian torsion, intracystic hemorrhage, and rupture; endocrine disturbances have not been reported.1-4 Here we report a case of solitary luteinized follicle cyst of pregnancy,which required surgical intervention owing to persistent postpartum vaginal bleeding.

  20. Prostate carcinoma, presenting with a solitary osteolytic bone lesion to the right hip

    OpenAIRE

    Agheli, Aref; Patsiornik, Yelena; Chen, Yu; Chaudhry, M. Rashid; Gerber, Howard; Wang, Jen C.

    2015-01-01

    Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy and the second most common cause of cancer-associated mortality in males. Bone metastasis is frequent and generally multiple and osteoblastic. Presentation of a pure osteolytic and solitary metastasis from a prostate carcinoma is extremely rare. We report a case of prostate cancer in a 70-year-old man who presented with progressive severe right hip pain and stiffness with no urinary symptom. A whole-body bone scan revealed a solitary metastasis to...

  1. Anomalous width variation of rarefactive ion acoustic solitary waves in the context of auroral plasmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Ghosh

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of dynamic, large amplitude solitary waves in the auroral regions of space is well known. Since their velocities are of the order of the ion acoustic speed, they may well be considered as being generated from the nonlinear evolution of ion acoustic waves. However, they do not show the expected width-amplitude correlation for K-dV solitons. Recent POLAR observations have actually revealed that the low altitude rarefactive ion acoustic solitary waves are associated with an increase in the width with increasing amplitude. This indicates that a weakly nonlinear theory is not appropriate to describe the solitary structures in the auroral regions. In the present work, a fully nonlinear analysis based on Sagdeev pseudopotential technique has been adopted for both parallel and oblique propagation of rarefactive solitary waves in a two electron temperature multi-ion plasma. The large amplitude solutions have consistently shown an increase in the width with increasing amplitude. The width-amplitude variation profile of obliquely propagating rarefactive solitary waves in a magnetized plasma have been compared with the recent POLAR observations. The width-amplitude variation pattern is found to fit well with the analytical results. It indicates that a fully nonlinear theory of ion acoustic solitary waves may well explain the observed anomalous width variations of large amplitude structures in the auroral region.

  2. Measuring blood delivery to solitary pulmonary nodules using perfusion magnetic resonance imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Wei; Wang, Zhifeng; Shen, Li; Gao, Ling; Ford, James C.; Makedon, Fillia S.; Pearlman, Justin D.

    2006-03-01

    With perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI), perfusion describes the amount of blood passing through a block of tissue in a certain period of time. In pMRI, the tissue having more blood passing through will show higher intensity value as more contrast-labeled blood arrives. Perfusion reflects the delivery of essential nutrients to a block of tissue, and is an important parameter for the tissue status. Considering solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN), perfusion differences between malignant and benign nodules have been studied by different techniques. Much effort has been put into its characterization. In this paper, we proposed and implemented extraction of the SPN time intensity profile to measure blood delivery to solitary pulmonary nodules, describing their perfusion effects. In this method, a SPN time intensity profile is created based on intensity values of the solitary pulmonary nodule in lung pMRI images over time. This method has two steps: nodule tracking and profile clustering. Nodule tracking aligns the solitary pulmonary nodule in pMRI images taken at different time points, dealing with nodule movement resulted from breathing and body movement. Profile clustering implements segmentation of the nodule region and extraction of the time intensity profile of a solitary pulmonary nodule. SPN time intensity profiles reflect patterns of blood delivery to solitary pulmonary nodules, giving us a description of perfusion effect and indirect evidence of tumor angiogenesis. Analysis on SPN time intensity profiles will help the diagnosis of malignant nodules for early lung cancer detection.

  3. Body Image in Dyadic and Solitary Sexual Desire: The Role of Encoding Style and Distracting Thoughts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosch, Alessandra; Ghisletta, Paolo; Van der Linden, Martial

    2016-01-01

    This study explored the link between body image and desire to engage in sexual activity (dyadic and solitary desire) in adult women living in a long-term couple relationship. Moreover, it considered two psychological factors that may underlie such a link: the occurrence of body-related distracting thoughts during sexual activity and encoding style (i.e., the tendency to rely on preexisting internal schemata versus external information at encoding). A total of 53 women (29 to 47 years old) in heterosexual relationships completed questionnaires assessing sexual desire (dyadic, solitary), body image, body-related distracting thoughts during sexual activity, and encoding style. Results showed that poor body image was associated with low dyadic and solitary sexual desire. Body-related distracting thoughts during sexual activity mediated the link between body image and solitary (but not dyadic) sexual desire. Finally, the mediation of body-related distracting thoughts between body image and solitary sexual desire was moderated by encoding style. A negative body image promoted the occurrence of body-related distracting thoughts during sexual activity, especially in internal encoders. Our study highlights the importance of body image, distracting thoughts, and encoding style in women's solitary sexuality and suggests possible factors that may reduce the impact of those body-related factors in dyadic sexual desire.

  4. Solitary cannabis use in adolescence as a correlate and predictor of cannabis problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creswell, Kasey G; Chung, Tammy; Clark, Duncan B; Martin, Christopher S

    2015-11-01

    Most adolescent cannabis use occurs in social settings among peers. Solitary cannabis use during adolescence may represent an informative divergence from normative behavior with important implications for understanding risk for cannabis problems. This longitudinal study examined associations of adolescent solitary cannabis use with levels of cannabis use and problems in adolescence and in young adulthood. Cannabis using-adolescents aged 12-18 were recruited from clinical programs (n=354; 43.8% female; 83.3% Caucasian) and community sources (n=93; 52.7% female; 80.6% Caucasian). Participants reported on cannabis use patterns and diagnostic symptoms at baseline and multiple follow-ups into young adulthood. Compared to social-only users, adolescent solitary cannabis users were more likely to be male and reported more frequent cannabis use and more DSM-IV cannabis use disorder (CUD) symptoms. Regression analyses showed that solitary cannabis use in adolescence predicted CUD symptom counts in young adulthood (age 25) after controlling for demographic variables and the frequency of adolescent cannabis use. However, solitary adolescent cannabis use was no longer predictive of age 25 CUD symptoms after additionally controlling for adolescent CUD symptoms. Solitary cannabis use is associated with greater cannabis use and problems during adolescence, but evidence is mixed that it predicts young adult cannabis problems. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Modeling of modified electron-acoustic solitary waves in a relativistic degenerate plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hossen, M. R.; Mamun, A. A. [Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka (Bangladesh)

    2014-12-15

    The modeling of a theoretical and numerical study on the nonlinear propagation of modified electron-acoustic (mEA) solitary waves has been carried out in an unmagnetized, collisionless, relativistic, degenerate quantum plasma (containing non-relativistic degenerate inertial cold electrons, both non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic degenerate hot electron and inertial positron fluids, and positively-charged static ions). A reductive perturbation technique is used to derive the planar and the nonplanar Korteweg-de Vries (K-dV) equations, which admit a localized wave solution for the solitary profile. The solitary wave's characteristics are found to have been influenced significantly for the non-relativistic and the ultra-relativistic limits. The mEA solitary waves are also found to have been significantly modified due to the effects of the degenerate pressure and the number densities of this dense plasma's constituents. The properties of the planar K-dV solitary wave are quite different from those of the nonplanar K-dV solitary wave. The relevance of our results to astrophysical objects (like white dwarfs and neutron stars), which are of scientific interest, is briefly mentioned.

  6. AKNS eigenvalue spectrum for densely spaced envelope solitary waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slunyaev, Alexey; Starobor, Alexey

    2010-05-01

    The problem of the influence of one envelope soliton to the discrete eigenvalues of the associated scattering problem for the other envelope soliton, which is situated close to the first one, is discussed. Envelope solitons are exact solutions of the integrable nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS). Their generalizations (taking into account the background nonlinear waves [1-4] or strongly nonlinear effects [5, 6]) are possible candidates to rogue waves in the ocean. The envelope solitary waves could be in principle detected in the stochastic wave field by approaches based on the Inverse Scattering Technique in terms of ‘unstable modes' (see [1-3]), or envelope solitons [7-8]. However, densely spaced intense groups influence the spectrum of the associated scattering problem, so that the solitary trains cannot be considered alone. Here we solve the initial-value problem exactly for some simplified configurations of the wave field, representing two closely placed intense wave groups, within the frameworks of the NLS equation by virtue of the solution of the AKNS system [9]. We show that the analogues of the level splitting and the tunneling effects, known in quantum physics, exist in the context of the NLS equation, and thus may be observed in application to sea waves [10]. These effects make the detecting of single solitary wave groups surrounded by other nonlinear wave groups difficult. [1]. A.L. Islas, C.M. Schober (2005) Predicting rogue waves in random oceanic sea states. Phys. Fluids 17, 031701-1-4. [2]. A.R. Osborne, M. Onorato, M. Serio (2005) Nonlinear Fourier analysis of deep-water random surface waves: Theoretical formulation and and experimental observations of rogue waves. 14th Aha Huliko's Winter Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii. [3]. C.M. Schober, A. Calini (2008) Rogue waves in higher order nonlinear Schrödinger models. In: Extreme Waves (Eds.: E. Pelinovsky & C. Kharif), Springer. [4]. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, M. Taki (2009) Waves that appear from

  7. A unified intrinsic functional expansion theory for solitary waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Theodore Yaotsu Wu; John Kao; Jin E. Zhang

    2005-01-01

    A new theory is developed here for evaluating solitary waves on water, with results of high accuracy uniformly valid for waves of all heights, from the highest wave with a corner crest of 120° down to very low ones of diminishing height. Solutions are sought for the Euler model by employing a unified expansion of the logarithmic hodograph in terms of a set of intrinsic component functions analytically determined to represent all the intrinsic properties of the wave entity from the wave crest to its outskirts. The unknown coefficients in the expansion are determined by minimization of the mean-square error of the solution, with the minimization optimized so as to take as few terms as needed to attain results as high in accuracy as attainable. In this regard, Stokes's formula, F2μπ = tanμπ, relating the wave speed (the Froude number F) and the logarithmic decrement μ of its wave field in the outskirt, is generalized to establish a new criterion requiring (for minimizing solution error) the functional expansion to contain a finite power series in M terms of Stokes's basic term (singular inμ), such that 2Mμ is just somewhat beyond unity, i.e. 2Mμ (~-) 1. This fundamental criterion is fully validated by solutions for waves Dedicated to Zhemin Zheng for celebration of his Eightieth Anniversary It gives us a great pleasure to dedicate this study to Prof. Zhemin Zheng and join our distinguished colleagues and friends for the jubilant celebration of his Eightieth Anniversary. Warmest tribute is due from us, as from many others unlimited by borders and boundaries, for his contributions of great significance to science, engineering science and engineering, his tremendous influence as a source of inspiration and unerring guide to countless workers in the field, his admirable leadership in fostering the Institute of Mechanics of world renown, as well as for his untiring endeavor in promoting international interaction and cooperation between academies of various nations

  8. Solitary waves observed in the auroral zone: the Cluster multi-spacecraft perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. Pickett

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available We report on recent measurements of solitary waves made by the Wideband Plasma Wave Receiver located on each of the four Cluster spacecraft at 4.5-6.5RE (well above the auroral acceleration region as they cross field lines that map to the auroral zones. These solitary waves are observed in the Wideband data as isolated bipolar and tripolar waveforms. Examples of the two types of pulses are provided. The time durations of the majority of both types of solitary waves observed in this region range from about 0.3 up to 5ms. Their peak-to-peak amplitudes range from about 0.05 up to 20mV/m, with a few reaching up to almost 70mV/m. There is essentially no potential change across the bipolar pulses. There appears to be a small, measurable potential change, up to 0.5V, across the tripolar pulses, which is consistent with weak or hybrid double layers. A limited cross-spacecraft correlation study was carried out in order to identify the same solitary wave on more than one spacecraft. We found no convincing correlations of the bipolar solitary waves. In the two cases of possible correlation of the tripolar pulses, we found that the solitary waves are propagating at several hundred to a few thousand km/s and that they are possibly evolving (growing, decaying as they propagate from one spacecraft to the next. Further, they have a perpendicular (to the magnetic field width of 50km or greater and a parallel width of about 2-5km. We conclude, in general, however, that the Cluster spacecraft at separations along and perpendicular to the local magnetic field direction of tens of km and greater are too large to obtain positive correlations in this region. Looking at the macroscale of the auroral zone at 4.5-6.5RE, we find that the onsets of the broadband electrostatic noise associated with the solitary waves observed in the spectrograms of the WBD data are generally consistent with propagation of the solitary waves up the field lines (away from Earth, or with

  9. Differential expression of estrogen receptor α and β isoforms in multiple and solitary leiomyomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shao, Ruyue; Fang, Liaoqiong [State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine Co-Founded by Chongqing and The Ministry of Science and Technology, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Xing, Ruoxi [Institute of Life Science, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Xiong, Yu [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chongqing Hifu Hospital, Chongqing 401121 (China); Fang, Liaoqiong, E-mail: lqfang06@163.com [State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine Co-Founded by Chongqing and The Ministry of Science and Technology, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Wang, Zhibiao, E-mail: wangzb@cqmu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine Co-Founded by Chongqing and The Ministry of Science and Technology, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China)

    2015-12-04

    Uterine leiomyomas are benign myometrial neoplasms that function as one of the common indications for hysterectomy. Clinical and biological evidences indicate that uterine leiomyomas are estrogen-dependent. Estrogen stimulates cell proliferation through binding to the estrogen receptor (ER), of which both subtypes α and β are present in leiomyomas. Clinically, leiomyomas may be singular or multiple, where the first one is rarely recurring if removed and the latter associated to a relatively young age or genetic predisposition. These markedly different clinical phenotypes indicate that there may different mechanism causing a similar smooth muscle response. To investigate the relative expression of ERα and ERβ in multiple and solitary uterine leiomyomas, we collected samples from 35 Chinese women (multiple leiomyomas n = 20, solitary leiomyoma n = 15) undergoing surgery to remove uterine leiomyomas. ELISA assay was performed to detect estrogen(E{sub 2}) concentration. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis was performed to detect ERα and ERβ mRNA expression. Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis were performed to detect ERα and ERβ protein expression. We found that ERα mRNA and protein levels of in multiple leiomyomas were significantly lower than those of solitary leiomyomas, whereas ERβ mRNA and protein levels in multiple leiomyomas were significantly higher than those in solitary leiomyomas, irrespectively of the menstrual cycle stage. In both multiple and solitary leiomyomas, ERα expression was higher than that of ERβ. E{sub 2} concentration in multiple and solitary leiomyomas correlated with that of ERα expression. ERα was present in nuclus and cytoplasma while estrogen receptor β localized only in nuclei in both multiple and solitary leiomyomas. Our findings suggest that the difference of ERα and ERβ expression between multiple and solitary leiomyomas may be responsible for the course of the disease subtypes. - Highlights: • In both

  10. Basic properties of solitary waves in granular crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, M. Arif; Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    We consider a chain of lightly contacting identical spherical elastic granules and provide explicit analytical expressions to fully characterize solitary waves (SWs) that may be generated in the chain by an impact or an applied shock force. These SWs consist of individual packages of linear momentum/energy transmitted across the granules through Hertzian contacts. They are nonlinear translational waves (involving no vibrations) that propagate through the granular chain without distortion, i.e., without any temporal evolution in shape or size. In particular, we focus on a fully-formed SW and provide analytical expressions for the associated peak value as well as the time variation of the granules' displacement, velocity, acceleration, and compressive contact force acting across any two contacting granules. In addition, by considering a SW as an "effective particle", we provide explicit analytical expressions for its linear momentum, total energy, equivalent (or effective) mass and effective velocity. All of the above mentioned results are shown to depend only on the peak value of the SW's contact force and the properties of the granules, i.e., their diameter, density, and elastic moduli. Then we provide a simple recipe to calculate the peak value of the SW's contact force in terms of a given shock force. Finally, we check by numerical simulations the accuracy of the analytical predictions.

  11. A Review for Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone and Extramedullary Plasmacytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevil Kilciksiz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary plasmacytoma (SP is characterized by a mass of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells in either bone (SBP or soft tissue without evidence of systemic disease attributing to myeloma. Biopsy confirmation of a monoclonal plasma cell infiltration from a single site is required for diagnosis. The common presentation of SBP is in the axial skeleton, whereas the extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP is usually seen in the head and neck. The ratio of SP seen at males to females is 2 : 1 and the median age of patients is 55 years. The incidence rate of SP in black race is approximately 30% higher than the white race. Incidence rate increases exponentially by advancing age. SBP has a significant higher risk for progression to myeloma, and the choice of treatment is radiotherapy (RT that is applied with curative intent at min. 4000 cGy. By only RT application, long-term disease-free survival (DFS is possible for approximately 30% of patients with SBP and 65% of patients with EMP.

  12. Giant solitary fibrous tumor arising from greater omentum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Zong; Ping Chen; Guang-Yao Wang; Qun-Shan Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been described at almost every anatomic location of human body,but reports of SFT in the abdominal cavity are rare.We herein present a rare case of SFT originating from greater omentum.Computed tomography revealed a 15.8 cm x 21.0 cm solid mass located at superior aspect of stomach.Open laparotomy confirmed its mesenchymal origin.Microscopically,its tissue was composed of non-organized and spindle-shaped cells exhibiting atypical nuclei,which were divided up by branching vessel and collagen bundles.Immunohistochemical staining showed that this tumor was negative for CD117,CD99,CD68,cytokeratin,calretinin,desmin,epithelial membrane antigen,F8 and S-100,but positive for CD34,bcl-2,α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin.The patient presented no evidence of recurrence during follow-up.SFT arising from abdominal cavity can be diagnosed by histological findings and immunohistochemical markers,especially for CD34 and bcl-2 positive cases.

  13. Infanticide by a solitary koinobiont ichneumonid ectoparasitoid of spiders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takasuka, Keizo; Matsumoto, Rikio

    2011-06-01

    When encountering an already parasitized host, a parasitoid's optimal choices (superparasitism, host rejection, host feeding or infanticide) seem to depend on the individual species' life history, because the same choice may have different fitness consequences. We demonstrate infanticide under laboratory conditions by a polysphinctine, Zatypota albicoxa, which is a solitary koinobiont ectoparasitoid of spiders. The female always removed any previously attached egg or larva from the body of the host spider, Parasteatoda tepidariorum, with a rubbing behaviour. She rubbed her ovipositor back and forth toward the undersurface of the attached egg or of the saddle under the attached larva to pry it off and laid an egg after removal. When removing a larva, the infanticidal female engaged exclusively in unfastening the `saddle' which fastens the larva to the body of the spider. All larvae were removed with the `saddle' attached to the ventral surface of the body. The female invested more time to remove the medium second and the large penultimate instar larvae than to remove eggs and first instar larvae because of the labour involved in unfastening the saddle. Oviposition with infanticide of the medium second and the penultimate instar larvae imposed more time upon the female than that on an unparasitized host. Removal of any previous occupant in spite of the associated labour costs suggests that infanticide will always be adaptive, no matter the time costs to Z. albicoxa, because so much is invested in attacking the host and because the parasitoid cannot detect whether the spider is already parasitized until she achieves subjugation.

  14. Solitary paralysis of the triceps muscle due to trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, K; Fujita, K; Yamada, M; Saura, R; Hirohata, K

    1992-01-01

    We report a rare solitary paralysis of the triceps muscle. The patient, an 18-year-old man who had had a work-related accident, sustained a severe contusion of the proximal posterolateral arm after being struck by a piece of lumber. This injury produced an extraordinary amount of soft-tissue swelling in the region of the trauma. After the accident it was noted that active flexion of the elbow was preserved, but active extension was absent. Three months after injury, surgical exploration of the radial nerve and its rami musculares to the three heads of the triceps muscle was undertaken. Dense adhesions were found fixing the rami musculares to the surfaces of the triceps muscle. Neurolysis of the rami musculares was performed, leading to complete recovery of the triceps muscle. The etiology of this isolated paralysis of the triceps muscle was determined to be dense adhesions compressing and compromising the function of the rami musculares to the three heads of the triceps muscle. These adhesions formed because of severe posttraumatic bleeding into the potential posterior humeral space, where the rami musculares are found.

  15. Internal solitary waves in the East China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiaofeng; ZHAO Zhongxiang; HAN Zhen; XU Liuxiong

    2008-01-01

    A European Space Agency's ENVISAT advanced synthetic aperture radar (ASAR) image covering Zhejiang coastal water in the East China Sea (ECS) was acquired on 1 August 2007. This image shows that there are about 20 coherent internal solitary wave (ISW) packets propagating southwestward toward Zhejiang coast. These ISW packets are separated by about 10 kin, suggesting that these ISWs are tide-generated waves. Each ISW packet contains 5--15 wave crests. The wavelengths of the wave crests with-in the ISW packets are about 300 m. The lengths of the leading wave crests are about 50 km. The ISW amplitude is estimated from solving KdV equation in an ideal two-layer ocean model. It is found that the ISW amplitudes is about 8 m. Further analysis of the ASAR image and ocean stratification profiles show that the observed ISWs are depression waves. Analyzing the tidal current finds that these waves are locally generated. The wavelength and amplitude of the ECS ISW are much smaller than their counter-parts in the South China Sea (SCS). The propagation speed of the ECS ISW is also an order of magnitude smaller than that of the SCS ISW. The observed ISWs in the ECS happened during a spring tide period.

  16. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome: A single-center case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulaziz I AlGhulayqah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS is a benign, chronic defecation disorder with varied presentations. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical features, endoscopic findings, histological appearance, and treatment strategies associated with SRUS. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SRUS at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre in Riyadh from January 2003 to December 2013. Cases were identified using the Department of Pathology database. Data were obtained from medical records that included clinical manifestation, endoscopic findings, and histopathological features. Results: Twenty patients were identified. The mean age was 42.5 years (±18.5 and 55% were females. Most of the patients presented with bleeding per rectum (85%, constipation (75%, and straining (50%, with a mean symptom duration of 26.7 months. The most common associated factors identified were constipation (75%, history of rectal surgery (25%, digital rectal manipulation (20%, and rectal prolapse (20%. Endoscopic findings included a single ulcer (50% and multiple ulcers (30%; 55% had a polypoidal appearance. On histopathology, there was surface ulceration (95%, fibrosis of the lamina propria (60%, distorted architecture (55%, and muscle hypertrophy with increased mucin production (50%. Patients were treated conservatively and none required surgery. Conclusion: SRUS is a rare disorder with variable clinical presentations. Stool softeners, a high fiber diet in addition to topical mesalamine, and biofeedback proved to be effective in this patient population.

  17. Solitary spinal dural syphilis granuloma mimicking a spinal meningioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Heng-Jun; Zhan, Ren-Ya; Chen, Man-Tao; Cao, Fei; Zheng, Xiu-Jue

    2014-01-01

    Dural granuloma is extremely rare. To our knowledge, there has no case reported solitary spinal dural syphilis granuloma worldwide so far. Here we report our findings in a 49-year-old woman, who presented with 10-year progressive left lower-limb numbness and two weeks of right lower-limb numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested a homogeneous enhanced spindle-shaped lesion, 2.9 × 1.5 cm in size, occupying the spinal intradural extramedullary space, at the level of Thoracic (T)-2/3, which mimicked the appearance of spinal meningioma. The Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) test titer of 1:8, and the venereal diseases research laboratory of cerebral spinal fluid (VDRL-CSF) was reactive, so confirmed neurosyphilis was considered. After formal anti-syphilis treatment, posterior laminectomy surgery was performed, and the lesion was completely separated and extirpated. Final histopathologic diagnosis of the lesion was confirmed as chronic granulomatous inflammation, combined with the neurosyphilis history, spinal dural syphilis granuloma was finally diagnosed. Postoperatively, the patient recovered without any further treatment.

  18. Electrostatic solitary waves in dusty pair-ion plasmas

    CERN Document Server

    Misra, A P

    2013-01-01

    The propagation of electrostatic waves in an unmagnetized collisionless pair-ion plasma with immobile positively charged dusts is studied for both large- and small-amplitude perturbations. Using a two-fluid model for pair-ions, it is shown that there appear two linear ion modes, namely the "fast" and "slow" waves in dusty pair-ion plasmas. The properties of these wave modes are studied with different mass $(m)$ and temperature $(T)$ ratios of negative to positive ions, as well as the effects of immobile charged dusts $(\\delta)$. For large-amplitude waves, the pseudopotential approach is performed, whereas the standard reductive perturbation technique (RPT) is used to study the small-amplitude Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) solitons. The profiles of the pseudopotential, the large amplitude solitons as well as the dynamical evolution of KdV solitons are numerically studied with the system parameters as above. It is found that the pair-ion plasmas with positively charged dusts support the propagation of solitary waves ...

  19. Electrostatic solitary waves in dusty pair-ion plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Misra, A. P. [Department of Mathematics, Siksha Bhavana, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731 235, West Bengal (India); Adhikary, N. C. [Physical Sciences Division, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Vigyan Path, Paschim Boragaon, Garchuk, Guwahati-781035, Assam (India)

    2013-10-15

    The propagation of electrostatic waves in an unmagnetized collisionless pair-ion plasma with immobile positively charged dusts is studied for both large- and small-amplitude perturbations. Using a two-fluid model for pair-ions, it is shown that there appear two linear ion modes, namely the “fast” and “slow” waves in dusty pair-ion plasmas. The properties of these wave modes are studied with different mass (m) and temperature (T) ratios of negative to positive ions, as well as the effects of immobile charged dusts (δ). For large-amplitude waves, the pseudopotential approach is performed, whereas the standard reductive perturbation technique is used to study the small-amplitude Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) solitons. The profiles of the pseudopotential, the large amplitude solitons as well as the dynamical evolution of KdV solitons, are numerically studied with the system parameters as above. It is found that the pair-ion plasmas with positively charged dusts support the propagation of solitary waves (SWs) with only the negative potential. The results may be useful for the excitation of SWs in laboratory dusty pair-ion plasmas, electron-free industrial plasmas as well as for observation in space plasmas where electron density is negligibly small compared to that of negative ions.

  20. Deep-water bedforms induced by refracting Internal Solitary Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcini, Federico; Droghei, Riccardo; Casalbore, Daniele; Martorelli, Eleonora; Mosetti, Renzo; Sannino, Gianmaria; Santoleri, Rosalia; Latino Chiocci, Francesco

    2017-04-01

    Subaqueous bedforms (or sand waves) are typically observed in those environments that are exposed to strong currents, characterized by a dominant unidirectional flow. However, sand-wave fields may be also observed in marine environments where no such current exists; the physical processes driving their formation are enigmatic or not well understood. We propose that internal solitary waves (ISWs), induced by tides, can produce an effective, unidirectional boundary flow filed that forms asymmetric sand waves. We test this idea by examining a sand-wave field off the Messina Strait, where we hypothesize that ISWs formed at the interface between intermediate and surface waters are refracted by topography. Hence, we argue that the deflected pattern (i.e., the depth-dependent orientation) of the sand-wave field is due to refraction of such ISWs. Combining field observations and numerical modelling, we show that ISWs can account for three key features: ISWs produce fluid velocities capable of mobilizing bottom sediments; the predicted refraction pattern resulting from the interaction of ISWs with bottom topography matches the observed deflection of the sand waves; and predicted migration rates of sand waves match empirical estimates. This work shows how ISWs may contribute to sculpting the structure of continental margins and it represents a promising link between the geological and oceanographic communities.

  1. Solitary Contralateral Adrenal Metastases after Nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma

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    Nikolaos Antoniou

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Two cases are reported of patients with a single metastasis in the contralateral adrenal, one and nine years respectively after nephrectomy for localized cancer in the opposite kidney. These types of metastases are usually asymptomatic they do not appear with signs of adrenal insufficiency, they are detected incidentally and the diagnosis is confirmed mainly with CT scan, which comprises the method of choice for the detection of such types of metastases. Many adrenal metastases probably have been overlooked in the past when advanced imaging techniques were not available. Both patients underwent adrenalectomy and replacement therapy with corticosteroids. Approximately 50% of all patients with renal cell carcinoma either present with metastases at diagnosis or will have metastatic disease after nephrectomy11. In order of decreasing frequency, the most common metastatic sites are the lungs, lymph nodes, liver, bone, contralateral kidney and ipsilateral adrenal glands. Adrenal involvement has been reported in 7 to 19% of autopsystudies. 1,3 Solitary metachronous metastatic involvement of the contralateral adrenal from renal cell carcinoma is rarely diagnosed during life and only 4 cases have been reported. 4,5 Recent advances in imaging techniques have allowed the diagnosis of adrenal involvement by renal cancer. Two cases of contralateral adrenal metastasis are reported 1 and 9 years after radical nephrectomy for localized renal cell carcinoma. Both patients underwent adrenalectomy and steroid replacement therapy.

  2. De novo malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney

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    Chen Siu-Chung

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The kidney is a relatively infrequent site for solitary fibrous tumor (SFT. Among the previously reported cases, only two cases of malignant renal SFT developing via dedifferentiation from a pre-existing benign SFT have been reported. Here we reported a case of de novo malignant renal SFT clinically diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma in a 50-year-old woman. The tumor was circumscribed but unencapsulated and showed obvious hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of patternless sheets of alternating hypercellular and hypocellular areas of spindle cells displaying mild to moderate nuclear atypia, frequent mitoses up to 8 per 10 high power fields, and a 20% Ki-67 proliferative index. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99 and vimentin, with no staining for all other markers, confirming the diagnosis of SFT. No areas of dedifferentiation were seen after extensive sampling. Based on the pathologic and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of de novo malignant renal SFT was warranted. Our report expands the spectrum of malignant progression in renal SFTs. Even though this patient has been disease-free for 30 months, long-term follow-up is still mandatory.

  3. De novo malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Tsan-Yu; ChangChien, Yi-Che; Chen, Wen-Hsiang; Chen, Siu-Chung; Chang, Liang-Che; Hwang, Cheng-Cheng; Chein, Hui-Ping; Chen, Jim-Ray

    2011-10-05

    The kidney is a relatively infrequent site for solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Among the previously reported cases, only two cases of malignant renal SFT developing via dedifferentiation from a pre-existing benign SFT have been reported. Here we reported a case of de novo malignant renal SFT clinically diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma in a 50-year-old woman. The tumor was circumscribed but unencapsulated and showed obvious hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of patternless sheets of alternating hypercellular and hypocellular areas of spindle cells displaying mild to moderate nuclear atypia, frequent mitoses up to 8 per 10 high power fields, and a 20% Ki-67 proliferative index. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99 and vimentin, with no staining for all other markers, confirming the diagnosis of SFT. No areas of dedifferentiation were seen after extensive sampling. Based on the pathologic and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of de novo malignant renal SFT was warranted. Our report expands the spectrum of malignant progression in renal SFTs. Even though this patient has been disease-free for 30 months, long-term follow-up is still mandatory.

  4. Thoracic solitary pedunculated osteochondroma in a child: a case report

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    Wali Z

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Zubair Wali,1 Khalid I Khoshhal21Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Fahd Hospital, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi ArabiaObjective: This case report describes the rare presentation of a thoracic pedunculated osteochondroma in a child, arising from the lamina of the fourth thoracic vertebra.Clinical features: A 7-year-old girl was referred for the evaluation of a swelling in her back. The patient was suffering from atraumatic, progressive painless back swelling, of approximately 2 years duration. The physical examination showed a healthy child, with a well-defined mass, about 4 × 6 cm, located around the midline of the upper thoracic spine. No clinical signs of hereditary multiple exostoses were detected. Plain radiographs and computerized tomography were suggestive of a pedunculated osteochondroma arising from the lamina of the fourth thoracic vertebra.Intervention and outcome: The patient underwent surgical excision of the mass. The pathologist confirmed the diagnosis. Follow up for 2 years did not show any evidence of clinical or radiological recurrence.Conclusion: The current report describes a rare case and the management of a solitary pedunculated osteochondroma arising from the lamina of the fourth thoracic vertebra in a child below the age of 10 years.Keywords: benign tumors, hereditary multiple exostoses, spine column tumors, thoracic vertebra

  5. Solitary granular avalanches: stability, fingering and theoretical modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloggi, Florent; Andreotti, Bruno; Clément, Eric; Aronson, Igor; Tsimring, Lev

    2008-03-01

    Avalanching processes do not only occur in the air as we know of snow avalanches, mud flows and land-slides. Such events frequently happen below the see level as they take many forms from turbidity currents to thick sediment waves. In this study we report results on laboratory scale avalanche experiments taking place both in the air and under-water. In both cases a family of stable solitary erosion/deposition waves is observed [1]. At higher inclination angles, we show the existence of a long wavelength transverse instability followed by a coarsening and the onset of a fingering pattern. While the experiments strongly differ by the spatial and time scales, the agreement between the stability diagrams, the wavelengths selection and the avalanche morphology suggest a common erosion/deposition scenario. We also use these erosion/deposition waves to investigate the dynamics of granular flow and jamming in the frame work of the Partial Fluidization Theory (PFT) proposed by Aronson et al. to describe the dynamics of granular matter near jamming [2]. [1] F. Malloggi et al. Europhysics Letters, 2006, Erosion waves: Transverse instabilities and fingering 75, 825-831 [2] I. S. Aranson et al.. Transverse instability of avalanches in granular flows down an incline. Physical Review E, 2006, 73, 050302; I.S.Aronson et al., Non rheological properties of granular flows: exploring the near jamming limit, preprint (2007).

  6. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in children: A literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Seyed Mohsen Dehghani; Abdorrasoul Malekpour; Mahmood Haghighat

    2012-01-01

    Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a benign and chronic disorder well known in young adults and less in children.It is often related to prolonged excessive straining or abnormal defecation and clinically presents as rectal bleeding,copious mucus discharge,feeling of incomplete defecation,and rarely rectal prolapse.SRUS is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and endoscopic and histological findings.The current treatments are suboptimal,and despite correct diagnosis,outcomes can be unsatisfactory.Some treatment protocols for SRUS include conservative management such as family reassurance,regulation of toilet habits,avoidance of straining,encouragement of a high-fiber diet,topical treatments with salicylate,sulfasalazine,steroids and sucralfate,and surgery.In children,SRUS is relatively uncommon but troublesome and easily misdiagnosed with other common diseases,however,it is being reported more than in the past.This condition in children is benign; however,morbidity is an important problem as reflected by persistence of symptoms,especially rectal bleeding.In this review,we discuss current diagnosis and treatment for SRUS.

  7. Solitary wave propagation through two-dimensional treelike structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falls, William J; Sen, Surajit

    2014-02-01

    It is well known that a velocity perturbation can travel through a mass spring chain with strongly nonlinear interactions as a solitary and antisolitary wave pair. In recent years, nonlinear wave propagation in 2D structures have also been explored. Here we first consider the propagation of such a velocity perturbation for cases where the system has a 2D "Y"-shaped structure. Here each of the three pieces that make up the "Y" are made of a small mass spring chain. In addition, we consider a case where multiple "Y"-shaped structures are used to generate a "tree." We explore the early time dynamical behavior associated with the propagation of a velocity perturbation initiated at the trunk and at the extremities for both cases. We are looking for the energy transmission properties from one branch to another of these "Y"-shaped structures. Our dynamical simulations suggest the following broad observations: (i) for strongly nonlinear interactions, mechanical energy propagation resembles pulse propagation with the energy propagation being dispersive in the linear case; (ii) for strong nonlinear interactions, the tree-like structure acts as an energy gate showing preference for large perturbations in the system while the behavior of the linear case shows no such preference, thereby suggesting that such structures can possibly act as switches that activate at sufficiently high energies. The study aspires to develop insights into the nature of nonlinear wave propagation through a network of linear chains.

  8. Solitary bone cyst: an analysis of 12 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available To present further information about SBCs based on a retrospective study of 12 cases, by describing their clinical and radiographic characteristics, and comparing them with recent findings.  The study examined SBCs from the Projeto Lesões Bucais ‘treatment and epidemiology of diseases of the oral cavity’, run at State University of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil, between 1995 and 2014. Twelve cases were found among the records of 2.424 patients who had been submitted to different types of biopsy. All cases occurred in the mandible, predominantly in patients in the second decade of life, in the region posterior to canines, and among women. All lesions were solitary, 75% of them unilocular. Helicoidal CT showed expansion and rupture of the cortical bone in one case. Differential diagnosis was confirmed by means of histopathological examination. Treatment consisted of surgical exploration in all cases. Most SBCs are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by chance on routine X-ray examination. However, SBC can cause bone expansion or bone rupture, only visible with more sophisticated imaging systems. This study showed that the diagnosis of SBC benefits with the use of conventional radiography and CT, associated with careful clinical examinations.

  9. [A case of solitary fibrous tumor in the sella turcica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Kiyoharu; Tominaga, Atsushi; Kinoshita, Yasuyuki; Usui, Satoshi; Sugiyama, Kazuhiko; Kurisu, Kaoru

    2013-10-01

    A 64-year-old male presented with an incidental tumor in the sella turcica during a brain medical checkup. Because he lacked any neurological symptoms or signs of pituitary dysfunction, the patient did not undergo surgery. Three years later, visual disturbances developed, including poor eyesight and visual field defects. The response to the growth hormone(GH)releasing peptide-2 demonstrated severe GH deficiency. MRI revealed an enlarged tumor appearing as a mosaic pattern of high and very low intensity on T2-weighted imaging. The region of very low intensity on T2-weighted imaging exhibited enhancement after T1 gadolinium-DTPA administration. The tumor was totally removed via the microscopic trans-sphenoidal approach in combination with endoscopic observation. The hard tumor adhered to the dura of the sella turcica and the medial wall of the left cavernous sinus. Histological verification confirmed a solitary fibrous tumor(SFT). Fourteen months after the operation, MRI revealed no recurrent tumors. SFT infrequently occurs in the sella turcica; however it should be included in the differential diagnosis in cases of enhanced tumors with marked low intensity on T2-weighted imaging.

  10. Integrability: mathematical methods for studying solitary waves theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wazwaz, Abdul-Majid

    2014-03-01

    In recent decades, substantial experimental research efforts have been devoted to linear and nonlinear physical phenomena. In particular, studies of integrable nonlinear equations in solitary waves theory have attracted intensive interest from mathematicians, with the principal goal of fostering the development of new methods, and physicists, who are seeking solutions that represent physical phenomena and to form a bridge between mathematical results and scientific structures. The aim for both groups is to build up our current understanding and facilitate future developments, develop more creative results and create new trends in the rapidly developing field of solitary waves. The notion of the integrability of certain partial differential equations occupies an important role in current and future trends, but a unified rigorous definition of the integrability of differential equations still does not exist. For example, an integrable model in the Painlevé sense may not be integrable in the Lax sense. The Painlevé sense indicates that the solution can be represented as a Laurent series in powers of some function that vanishes on an arbitrary surface with the possibility of truncating the Laurent series at finite powers of this function. The concept of Lax pairs introduces another meaning of the notion of integrability. The Lax pair formulates the integrability of nonlinear equation as the compatibility condition of two linear equations. However, it was shown by many researchers that the necessary integrability conditions are the existence of an infinite series of generalized symmetries or conservation laws for the given equation. The existence of multiple soliton solutions often indicates the integrability of the equation but other tests, such as the Painlevé test or the Lax pair, are necessary to confirm the integrability for any equation. In the context of completely integrable equations, studies are flourishing because these equations are able to describe the

  11. Antecubital Fossa Solitary Osteochondroma with Associated Bicipitoradial Bursitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Ng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecubital fossa lesions are uncommon conditions that present to the orthopaedic clinic. Furthermore, the radius bone is an uncommonly reported location for an osteochondroma, especially when presenting with a concurrent reactive bicipitoradial bursitis. Osteochondromas are a type of developmental lesion rather than a true neoplasm. They constitute up to 15% of all bone tumours and up to 50% of benign bone tumours. They may occur as solitary or multiple lesions. Multiple lesions are usually associated with a syndrome known as hereditary multiple exostoses (HME. Malignant transformation is known to occur but is rare. Bicipitoradial bursitis is a condition which can occur as primary or secondary (reactive pathology. In our case, the radius bone osteochondroma caused reactive bicipitoradial bursitis. The differential diagnosis of such antecubital fossa masses is vast but may be narrowed down through a targeted history, stepwise radiological investigations, and histological confirmation. Our aim is to ensure that orthopaedic clinicians keep a wide differential in mind when dealing with antecubital fossa mass lesions.

  12. Obliquely propagating large amplitude solitary waves in charge neutral plasmas

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    F. Verheest

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals in a consistent way with the implications, for the existence of large amplitude stationary structures in general plasmas, of assuming strict charge neutrality between electrons and ions. With the limit of pair plasmas in mind, electron inertia is retained. Combining in a fluid dynamic treatment the conservation of mass, momentum and energy with strict charge neutrality has indicated that nonlinear solitary waves (as e.g. oscillitons cannot exist in electron-ion plasmas, at no angle of propagation with respect to the static magnetic field. Specifically for oblique propagation, the proof has turned out to be more involved than for parallel or perpendicular modes. The only exception is pair plasmas that are able to support large charge neutral solitons, owing to the high degree of symmetry naturally inherent in such plasmas. The nonexistence, in particular, of oscillitons is attributed to the breakdown of the plasma approximation in dealing with Poisson's law, rather than to relativistic effects. It is hoped that future space observations will allow to discriminate between oscillitons and large wave packets, by focusing on the time variability (or not of the phase, since the amplitude or envelope graphs look very similar.

  13. Solitary osseous metastasis of rectal carcinoma masquerading as osteogenic sarcoma on post-chemotherapy imaging: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Udare, Amar; Sable, Nilesh; Kumar, Rajiv; Thakur, Meenakshi; Juvekar, Shashikant [Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai (India)

    2015-02-15

    Solitary metastases from colorectal carcinoma in the absence of hepatic or pulmonary metastases are rare. These can have a diverse imaging appearance, particularly after chemotherapy. It is important identify patients with solitary skeletal metastases, as they have a better prognosis than those with multiple skeletal or visceral metastases. We describe an unusual case of a solitary metastasis to the femur in a case of colon carcinoma that went undiagnosed and later presented with imaging features of osteogenic sarcoma.

  14. Clinical Experience of the Treatment of Solitary Pulmonary Nodules with Da Vinci Surgical System

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    Xiangdong TONG

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective A solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN is defined as a round intraparenchimal lung lesion less than 3 cm in size, not associated with atelectasis or adenopathy. The aim of this study is to learn clinical experience of the treatment of SPN with Da Vinci Surgical System. Methods A total of 9 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN less than 3 cm in diameter was treated with Da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, California in thoracic surgery department from General Hospital of Shenyang Militrary Region from November 2011 to March 2014. This group of patients included 3 males and 6 females, and the mean age was 51±9.9 yr (range: 41-74 yr. Most of the patients were no obvious clinical symptoms (7 cases were found by physical examination, others were with cough and expectoration. Their median medical history was 12 mo (range: 4 d-3 yr. All the lesions of patients were peripheral pulmonary nodules and the mean diameter of those was (1.4±0.6 cm(range: 0.8-2.8 cm. Wedge-shaped resection or lobectomy was performed depending on the result of rapid pathology and systemic lymph node dissection was done for malignant leision. We used general anesthesis with double lumens trachea cannula. We set the patients in lateral decubitus position with jackknife. The patient cart enter from top of the patient. The position of trocars would be set according to the position of lesion. A 12 mm incision was positioned at the 8th intercostal space in the posterior axillary line as vision port, and two 8 mm incisions were positioned at the 5th intercostal space between the anterior axillary line and midclavicular line, and the 8th infrascapular line as robotic instrument ports about 10 cm apart from the vision port. One additional auxiliary small incision for instrument without retracting ribs was set at the 7th intercostal space in the middle axillary line. Results There were 4 benign leisions and 5 malignancies identified. Wedge

  15. On the generation of solitary waves observed by Cluster in the near-Earth magnetosheath

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    J. S. Pickett

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Through case studies involving Cluster waveform observations, solitary waves in the form of bipolar and tripolar pulses have recently been found to be quite abundant in the near-Earth dayside magnetosheath. We expand on the results of those previous studies by examining the distribution of solitary waves from the bow shock to the magnetopause using Cluster waveform data. Cluster's orbit allows for the measurement of solitary waves in the magnetosheath from about 10 RE to 19.5 RE. Our results clearly show that within the magnetosheath, solitary waves are likely to be observed at any distance from the bow shock and that this distance has no dependence on the time durations and amplitudes of the solitary waves. In addition we have found that these same two quantities show no dependence on either the ion velocity or the angle between the ion velocity and the local magnetic field direction. These results point to the conclusion that the solitary waves are probably created locally in the magnetosheath at multiple locations, and that the generation mechanism is most likely not solely related to ion dynamics, if at all. To gain insight into a possible local generation mechanism, we have examined the electron differential energy flux characteristics parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field, as well as the local electron plasma and cyclotron frequencies and the type of bow shock that Cluster is behind, for several time intervals where solitary waves were observed in the magnetosheath. We have found that solitary waves are most likely to be observed when there are counterstreaming (~parallel and anti-parallel to the magnetic field electrons at or below about 100eV. However, there are times when these counterstreaming electrons are present when solitary waves are not. During these times the background magnetic field strength is usually very low (<10nT, implying that the amplitudes of the solitary waves, if present, would be near or below those of

  16. Attacking invasive grasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, Jon E.

    2015-01-01

    In grasslands fire may play a role in the plant invasion process, both by creating disturbances that potentially favour non-native invasions and as a possible tool for controlling alien invasions. Havill et al. (Applied Vegetation Science, 18, 2015, this issue) determine how native and non-native species respond to different fire regimes as a first step in understanding the potential control of invasive grasses.

  17. A Solitary Feature-based Lung Nodule Detection Approach for Chest X-Ray Radiographs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xuechen; Shen, Linlin; Luo, Suhuai

    2017-01-31

    Lung cancer is one of the most deadly diseases. It has a high death rate and its incidence rate has been increasing all over the world. Lung cancer appears as a solitary nodule in chest x-ray radiograph (CXR). Therefore, lung nodule detection in CXR could have a significant impact on early detection of lung cancer. Radiologists define a lung nodule in chest x-ray radiographs as "solitary white nodule-like blob". However, the solitary feature has not been employed for lung nodule detection before. In this paper, a solitary feature-based lung nodule detection method was proposed. We employed stationary wavelet transform and convergence index filter to extract the texture features and used AdaBoost to generate white nodule-likeness map. A solitary feature was defined to evaluate the isolation degree of candidates. Both the isolation degree and the white nodule-likeness were used as final evaluation of lung nodule candidates. The proposed method shows better performance and robustness than those reported in previous research. More than 80% and 93% of lung nodules in the lung field in the JSRT database were detected when the false positives per image was two and five, respectively. The proposed approach has the potential of being used in clinical practice.

  18. Autonomous generation of a thermoacoustic solitary wave in an air-filled tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Dai; Sugimoto, Nobumasa

    2016-10-01

    Experiments are performed to demonstrate the autonomous generation of an acoustic solitary wave in an air-filled, looped tube with an array of Helmholtz resonators. The solitary wave is generated spontaneously due to thermoacoustic instability by a pair of stacks installed in the tube and subject to a temperature gradient axially. No external drivers are used to create initial disturbances. Once the solitary wave is generated, it keeps on propagating to circulate along the loop endlessly. The stacks, which are made of ceramics and of many pores of square cross section, are placed in the tube diametrically on exactly the opposite side of the loop, and they are sandwiched by hot and cold (ambient) heat exchangers. When the temperature gradient along both stacks is appropriate, pulses of smooth profiles are generated and propagated in both directions of the tube. From good agreements of not only the pressure profile measured but also the propagation speed with the theory, the pulse is identified as the acoustic solitary wave, and it can be called thermoacoustic solitary wave or thermoacoustic soliton corresponding to the soliton solution of the K-dV equation in one limit.

  19. Stability and dispersion relations of three-dimensional solitary waves in trapped Bose-Einstein condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz Mateo, A.; Brand, J.

    2015-12-01

    We analyse the dynamical properties of three-dimensional solitary waves in cylindrically trapped Bose-Einstein condensates. Families of solitary waves bifurcate from the planar dark soliton and include the solitonic vortex, the vortex ring and more complex structures of intersecting vortex lines known collectively as Chladni solitons. The particle-like dynamics of these guided solitary waves provides potentially profitable features for their implementation in atomtronic circuits, and play a key role in the generation of metastable loop currents. Based on the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation we calculate the dispersion relations of moving solitary waves and their modes of dynamical instability. The dispersion relations reveal a complex crossing and bifurcation scenario. For stationary structures we find that for μ /{\\hslash }{ω }\\perp \\gt 2.65 the solitonic vortex is the only stable solitary wave. More complex Chladni solitons still have weaker instabilities than planar dark solitons and may be seen as transient structures in experiments. Fully time-dependent simulations illustrate typical decay scenarios, which may result in the generation of multiple separated solitonic vortices.

  20. Solitary Tracheobronchial Papilloma: Cytomorphology and ancillary studies with histologic correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tee U Lang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary tracheobronchial papilloma (STBP is a rare benign tumor that primarily involves the tracheobronchial tree. Human papilloma virus (HPV infection is associated with dysplasia and a high risk of carcinoma in these lesions. The cytomorphology of STBP is not well established in the literature. Our aim is to characterize the cytomorphologic features of STBP, with histologic correlation in a series of 6 patients - 4 males and 2 females - with a mean age of 67 years (range, 53-88 years. There were 5 biopsy-proven squamous papillomas and 1 glandular papilloma. On surgical biopsy, squamous papillomas exhibited cytological atypia (4 graded mild and 1 graded moderate with focal severe dysplasia, surface erosion, and inflammation. Cytology specimens available for review included a combination of 4 fine-needle aspirations (FNAs, 2 bronchoalveolar lavages and 2 (of 3 bronchial brushings. Cytologic findings associated with squamous papillomas included atypical squamous cells and rare squamous cell resembling koilocyte in 1 bronchial brushing. Sheets of squamous cells were identified in another specimen. Several cases had a prominent background of acute inflammation, and candida was present in 1 specimen. HPV in-situ hybridization was positive in 1 case and negative in 2 cases. A p16 immunocytochemical stain performed on 1 cell block was negative. In conclusion, although STBP is a rare neoplasm, these cases may be encountered in respiratory cytology samples. FNA of papillomas yields fewer lesional cells compared to exfoliative samples. These lesions may be mistaken in cytology specimens for squamous cell carcinoma, squamous-lined cavitary lesions, an infectious (fungal process, reactive squamous metaplasia, or oral contamination.

  1. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome: A clinicopathological study of 13 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Brahim Nabeel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS is a rare disorder that has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation and variable endoscopic findings. To further characterize the clinical and pathological features, a retrospective, hospital-based clinicopathological study was conducted. Materials and Methods: All cases of SRUS diagnosed at Farwania Hospital, Kuwait, between 2002 and 2007 were retrieved from the computerized filing system. The histological slides were reviewed by two authors to confirm the diagnosis. Immunohistochemical stain for smooth muscle actin (SMA was performed. The clinical files were reviewed for clinical features and endoscopic findings. Results: Thirteen cases were identified: 8 males and 5 females. The age range was 15-85. Rectal bleeding, constipation, and abdominal pain were the most common presenting symptoms and were seen, either alone or in various combinations, in 12 of the 13 cases. Rectal ulceration was the most common endoscopic finding, being seen in 9 of the13 cases; 3 of these cases had multiple ulcerations. Two patients had rectal polyps, with one of them having multiple polyps. The histological examination revealed surface serration, fibromuscular obliteration of the lamina propria, and crypts′ distortion in all the cases. Seven of the cases had diamond crypts. Ectatic mucosal vessels were a common finding. Positivity for SMA in the lamina propria was seen in all examined cases. Conclusion: SRUS is a rare disorder and only 13 cases were diagnosed in Farwania hospital over a 6-year period. The clinical presentation of our patients was variable. The presence of polyps and multiple ulcerations on endoscopy is further evidence that SRUS is a misnomer. Surface serration, fibromuscular obliteration, and crypts′ distortion are the most characteristic features. The presence of diamond crypts is an additional diagnostic feature.

  2. Solitary fibrous tumor of the male breast: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sessa Fausto

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumors are very rare and occasionally they appear in extraserosal soft tissues or parenchymatous organs. In such cases the right preoperative diagnosis is often difficult and challenging, because both radiological and cytological examinations are not exhaustive. For these reasons, surgical excision is frequently the only way to reach the correct diagnosis and to achieve definitive treatment. A few cases of solitary fibrous tumors have been also described in the breast. Although rare, this lesion opens difficulties in preoperative diagnosis entering in differential diagnosis with other benign lesions as well as with breast cancer. In this article we describe a case of a solitary fibrous tumor of the breast in a 49-year-old man. Problems related to differential diagnosis and the possible pitfalls that can be encountered in the diagnostic iter of such rare tumor are discussed.

  3. Weakly nonlinear models for internal waves: inverse scattering transform and solitary wave contents

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Shengqian

    2016-01-01

    The time evolution emanating from ``internal dam-break'' initial conditions is studied for a class of models of stratified Euler fluids in configurations close to two-homogeneous layers separated by a thin diffused interface. Direct numerical simulations and experiments in wave tanks show that such initial conditions eventually give rise to coherent structures that are close to solitary-wave solutions moving ahead of a region of dispersive wave motion and turbulent mixing close to the location of the initial dam step. A priori theoretical predictions of the main features of these solitary waves, such as their amplitudes and speeds, appear to be unavailable, even for simplified models of wave evolution in stratified fluids. With the aim of providing estimates of the existence, amplitude and speed of such solitary waves, an approach based on Inverse Scattering Transform (IST) for completely integrable models is developed here and tested against direct numerical simulations of Euler fluids and some of their mode...

  4. Solitary Wave Solutions of KP equation, Cylindrical KP Equation and Spherical KP Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang-Zheng; Zhang, Jin-Liang; Wang, Ming-Liang

    2017-02-01

    Three (2+1)-dimensional equations-KP equation, cylindrical KP equation and spherical KP equation, have been reduced to the same KdV equation by different transformation of variables respectively. Since the single solitary wave solution and 2-solitary wave solution of the KdV equation have been known already, substituting the solutions of the KdV equation into the corresponding transformation of variables respectively, the single and 2-solitary wave solutions of the three (2+1)-dimensional equations can be obtained successfully. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 11301153 and the Doctoral Foundation of Henan University of Science and Technology under Grant No. 09001562, and the Science and Technology Innovation Platform of Henan University of Science and Technology under Grant No. 2015XPT001

  5. Transient evolution of solitary electron holes in low pressure laboratory plasma

    CERN Document Server

    Choudhary, Mangilal; Mukherjee, Subroto

    2015-01-01

    Solitary electrons holes (SEHs) are localized electrostatic positive potential structures in collisionless plasmas. These are vortex-like structures in the electron phase space. Its existence is cause of distortion of the electron distribution in the resonant region. These are explained theoretically first time by Schamel et.al [Phys. Scr. 20, 336 (1979) and Phys. Plasmas 19, 020501 (2012)]. Propagating solitary electron holes can also be formed in a laboratory plasma when a fast rising high positive voltage pulse is applied to a metallic electrode [Kar et. al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 102113 (2010)] immersed in a low pressure plasma. The temporal evolution of these structures can be studied by measuring the transient electron distribution function (EDF). In the present work, transient EDF is measured after formation of a solitary electron hole in nearly uniform, unmagnetized, and collisionless plasma for applied pulse width and, where and are applied pulse width and inverse of ion plasma frequency respectively. Fo...

  6. A mechanical analog of the two-bounce resonance of solitary waves: Modeling and experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Roy H.; Rahman, Aminur; Bellanich, Michael J.; Morrison, Catherine N.

    2015-04-01

    We describe a simple mechanical system, a ball rolling along a specially-designed landscape, which mimics the well-known two-bounce resonance in solitary wave collisions, a phenomenon that has been seen in countless numerical simulations but never in the laboratory. We provide a brief history of the solitary wave problem, stressing the fundamental role collective-coordinate models played in understanding this phenomenon. We derive the equations governing the motion of a point particle confined to such a surface and then design a surface on which to roll the ball, such that its motion will evolve under the same equations that approximately govern solitary wave collisions. We report on physical experiments, carried out in an undergraduate applied mathematics course, that seem to exhibit the two-bounce resonance.

  7. Differences between endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons in management of the solitary thyroid nodule

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walsh, John P; Ryan, Simon A; Lisewski, Dean

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It is not known whether management of the solitary thyroid nodule differs between endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons. METHODS: A questionnaire containing a hypothetical case (a 42-year-old euthyroid woman with a 2-x-3-cm solitary thyroid nodule) and 13 clinical variations was sent...... to endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons in Australia. RESULTS: The response rate was 51%, including 122 endocrinologists and 48 endocrine surgeons. For the index case, serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and ultrasonography were widely used by both groups, but thyroid...... Thyroid Association members (predominantly endocrinologists) demonstrated considerable international differences in management. CONCLUSION: There are clinically significant differences between Australian endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons in management of the solitary thyroid nodule...

  8. Electron-acoustic solitary waves in a beam plasma with electron trapping and nonextensivity effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali Shan, S.; Aman-ur-Rehman, Mushtaq, A.

    2016-09-01

    A theoretical investigation is carried out for understanding the properties of electron-acoustic solitary waves (EASWs) in a beam plasma whose constituents are a cold beam electron fluid, hot nonextensive electrons obeying a vortex-like distribution with nonextensive factor q, and stationary ions. An energy integral (Schamel KdV) equation is derived by employing pseudo-potential (reductive perturbation) approach. The presence of nonextensive q-distributed hot trapped electrons and cold electron beam has been shown to influence the soliton structure quite significantly. The nonlinear dispersion relation is derived to analyze the dependency of the electron acoustic solitary wave quantities. From the analysis of our results, it is shown that the present plasma model supports the compressive EASWs. As the real plasma situations are observed with plasma species having a relative flow, so our present analysis should be useful for understanding the electrostatic solitary structures observed in the dayside auroral zone and other regions of the magnetosphere.

  9. Damping solitary wave under the second and third boundary condition of a viscous plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, G.; Ren, Y.-Q.

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, the solitary waves of a viscous plasma confined in a cylindrical pipe is investigated under two types of boundary condition. By using the reductive perturbation theory, a quasi-KdV equation is derived and a damping solitary wave is obtained. It is found that the damping rate increases with the viscosity coefficient of the plasma ν ' increasing and the radius of the cylindrical pipe R decreasing for second and third boundary condition. The magnitude of the damping rate is also dominated by boundary condition type. From the fact that the amplitude reduces rapidly when R approaches zero or ν ' approaches infinite, we confirm the existence of a damping solitary wave.

  10. Two-dimensional cylindrical ion-acoustic solitary and rogue waves in ultrarelativistic plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ata-ur-Rahman [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000 (Pakistan); National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdrah Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Ali, S. [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdrah Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Moslem, W. M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said 42521 (Egypt); Mushtaq, A. [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdrah Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200 (Pakistan)

    2013-07-15

    The propagation of ion-acoustic (IA) solitary and rogue waves is investigated in a two-dimensional ultrarelativistic degenerate warm dense plasma. By using the reductive perturbation technique, the cylindrical Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) equation is derived, which can be further transformed into a Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation. The latter admits a solitary wave solution. However, when the frequency of the carrier wave is much smaller than the ion plasma frequency, the KdV equation can be transferred to a nonlinear Schrödinger equation to study the nonlinear evolution of modulationally unstable modified IA wavepackets. The propagation characteristics of the IA solitary and rogue waves are strongly influenced by the variation of different plasma parameters in an ultrarelativistic degenerate dense plasma. The present results might be helpful to understand the nonlinear electrostatic excitations in astrophysical degenerate dense plasmas.

  11. Propagation of ion-acoustic solitary waves in a relativistic electron-positron-ion plasma

    CERN Document Server

    Saberian, E; Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M

    2011-01-01

    Propagation of large amplitude ion-acoustic solitary waves (IASWs) in a fully relativistic plasma consisting of cold ions and ultrarelativistic hot electrons and positrons is investigated using the Sagdeev's pseudopotential method in a relativistic hydrodynamics model. Effects of streaming speed of plasma fluid, thermal energy, positron density and positron temperature on large amplitude IASWs are studied by analysis of the pseudopotential structure. It is found that in regions that the streaming speed of plasma fluid is larger than that of solitary wave, by increasing the streaming speed of plasma fluid the depth and width of potential well increases and resulting in narrower solitons with larger amplitude. This behavior is opposite for the case where the streaming speed of plasma fluid is smaller than that of solitary wave. On the other hand, increase of the thermal energy results in wider solitons with smaller amplitude, because the depth and width of potential well decreases in that case. Additionally, th...

  12. Solitary waves in a self-gravitating opposite polarity dust-plasma medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mamun, A. A.; Schlickeiser, R. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV, Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

    2015-10-15

    A more general and realistic dusty plasma model, namely, self-gravitating opposite polarity dust-plasma system (containing inertial positive and negative dust, and inertialess ions and electrons following Maxwellian distribution) is considered. The possibility for the formation of solitary electrostatic and self-gravitational potential structures in such a dust-plasma system is thoroughly examined. The standard reductive perturbation method, which is valid for small but finite amplitude solitary structures, is employed. The parametric regimes for the existence of solitary electrostatic and self-gravitational potential structures, and their basic properties (viz., polarity, amplitude, width, and speed) are found to be significantly modified by the combined effects of positively charged dust component and self-gravitational field. The applications of the present investigation in different space dusty plasma environments and laboratory dusty plasma devices are briefly discussed.

  13. Solitary waves and their stability in colloidal media: semi-analytical solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Marchant, T R

    2012-01-01

    Spatial solitary waves in colloidal suspensions of spherical dielectric nanoparticles are considered. The interaction of the nanoparticles is modelled as a hard-sphere gas, with the Carnahan-Starling formula used for the gas compressibility. Semi-analytical solutions, for both one and two spatial dimensions, are derived using an averaged Lagrangian and suitable trial functions for the solitary waves. Power versus propagation constant curves and neutral stability curves are obtained for both cases, which illustrate that multiple solution branches occur for both the one and two dimensional geometries. For the one-dimensional case it is found that three solution branches (with a bistable regime) occur, while for the two-dimensional case two solution branches (with a single stable branch) occur in the limit of low background packing fractions. For high background packing fractions the power versus propagation constant curves are monotonic and the solitary waves stable for all parameter values. Comparisons are mad...

  14. (2+1-Dimensional mKdV Hierarchy and Chirp Effect of Rossby Solitary Waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunlei Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available By constructing a kind of generalized Lie algebra, based on generalized Tu scheme, a new (2+1-dimensional mKdV hierarchy is derived which popularizes the results of (1+1-dimensional integrable system. Furthermore, the (2+1-dimensional mKdV equation can be applied to describe the propagation of the Rossby solitary waves in the plane of ocean and atmosphere, which is different from the (1+1-dimensional mKdV equation. By virtue of Riccati equation, some solutions of (2+1-dimensional mKdV equation are obtained. With the help of solitary wave solutions, similar to the fiber soliton communication, the chirp effect of Rossby solitary waves is discussed and some conclusions are given.

  15. Ion acoustic solitary waves in plasmas with nonextensive electrons, Boltzmann positrons and relativistic thermal ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafez, M. G.; Talukder, M. R.

    2015-09-01

    This work investigates the theoretical and numerical studies on nonlinear propagation of ion acoustic solitary waves (IASWs) in an unmagnetized plasma consisting of nonextensive electrons, Boltzmann positrons and relativistic thermal ions. The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is derived by using the well known reductive perturbation method. This equation admits the soliton like solitary wave solution. The effects of phase velocity, amplitude of soliton, width of soliton and electrostatic nonlinear propagation of weakly relativistic ion-acoustic solitary waves have been discussed with graphical representation found in the variation of the plasma parameters. The obtained results can be helpful in understanding the features of small but finite amplitude localized relativistic ion-acoustic waves for an unmagnetized three component plasma system in astrophysical compact objects.

  16. Solitary fibrous tumor of the sellar region treated with adjuvant radiation therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahai, Puja; Singh, Geetika; Mondal, Dodul; Suri, Vaishali; Julka, Pramod Kumar

    2016-01-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor of central nervous system is rare. Herein, a case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from sellar region is described. A 60-year-old man underwent subtotal excision of the tumor because of extensive infiltration of optical and vascular structures. In view of the presence of residual tumor, he was treated with adjuvant radiation therapy. After a follow-up period of 1 year, there was no progression of the lesion evident on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Solitary fibrous tumor should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis of a mass lesion arising in sellar region. Immunohistochemistry with CD34 is valuable for discerning the diagnosis. Complete surgery should be the goal of treatment and adjuvant radiation therapy may be considered for residual or recurrent disease. PMID:27695561

  17. Application of artificial neural network to calculation of solitary wave run-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    You-xing WEI

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The prediction of solitary wave run-ups has important practical significance in coastal and ocean engineering. But the precision of calculating is limited from the existing models. Artificial neural network technology has rapidly developed and been widely used in many fields. In this paper, a solitary wave run-up calculation model is established based on artificial neural networks. A BP network with one hidden layer is modified by an additional momentum method and an auto-adjusting learning rate. The correlation coefficients between the model results and the experimental values are 0.9635 and 0.9965, respectively. It is concluded that the neural network model is an appropriate methodology to be applied to solitary wave run-up scenario calculation and analysis.

  18. Prostate carcinoma, presenting with a solitary osteolytic bone lesion to the right hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agheli, Aref; Patsiornik, Yelena; Chen, Yu; Chaudhry, M Rashid; Gerber, Howard; Wang, Jen C

    2009-01-01

    Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy and the second most common cause of cancer-associated mortality in males. Bone metastasis is frequent and generally multiple and osteoblastic. Presentation of a pure osteolytic and solitary metastasis from a prostate carcinoma is extremely rare. We report a case of prostate cancer in a 70-year-old man who presented with progressive severe right hip pain and stiffness with no urinary symptom. A whole-body bone scan revealed a solitary metastasis to the right hip. A prostate biopsy revealed prostate adenocarcinoma. We believe this is the first reported case of presentation of a solitary osteolytic bone metastasis in the pelvis from carcinoma of the prostate.

  19. Ion acoustic solitary structures in a collisionless unmagnetized plasma consisting of nonthermal electrons and isothermal positrons

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Ashesh

    2016-01-01

    Employing the Sagdeev pseudo-potential technique the ion acoustic solitary structures have been investigated in an unmagnetized collisionless plasma consisting of adiabatic warm ions, nonthermal electrons and isothermal positrons. The qualitatively different compositional parameter spaces clearly indicate the existence domains of solitons and double layers with respect to any parameter of the present plasma system. The present system supports the negative potential double layer which always restricts the occurrence of negative potential solitons. The system also supports positive potential double layers when the ratio of the average thermal velocity of positrons to that of electrons is less than a critical value. However, there exists a parameter regime for which the positive potential double layer is unable to restrict the occurrence of positive potential solitary waves and in this region of the parameter space, there exist positive potential solitary waves after the formation of a positive potential double ...

  20. Dust ion acoustic solitary structures in presence of nonthermally distributed electrons and positrons

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Ashesh; Das, K P

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the recent work of Paul & Bandyopadhyay [Astrophys. Space Sci. 361, 172(2016)] on the existence of different dust ion acoustic solitary structures in an unmagnetized collisionless dusty plasma consisting of negatively charged static dust grains, adiabatic warm ions, nonthermal electrons and isothermal positrons in a more generalized form by considering nonthermal positrons instead of isothermal positrons. The present system supports both positive and negative potential double layers, coexistence of solitary waves of both polarities and positive potential supersolitons. The qualitative and the quantitative changes in existence domains of different solitary structures which occur for the presence of nonthermal positrons have been presented in comparison with the results of Paul & Bandyopadhyay [Astrophys. Space Sci. 361, 172(2016)]. The formation of supersoliton structures and their limitations have been analyzed with the help of phase portraits of the dynamical sy...

  1. Assessment of the foraging and nesting conditions for solitary bees and bumblebees, and their distribution in a Danish agricultural landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Calabuig, Isabel

    2000-01-01

    In a survey April through November 1997, a total of 72 solitary bee species and 19 bumblebee species were recorded in the semi-natural habitats of a Danish conventional agricultural landscape. The majority of the solitary non-inquiline bee species (59) were polylectic, but four oligoleges of Salix...

  2. The Comparison of Solitary and Collaborative Modes of Game-Based Learning on Students' Science Learning and Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Huei; Wang, Kuan-Chieh; Lin, Yu-Hsuan

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we investigated and compared solitary and collaborative modes of game-based learning in promoting students' science learning and motivation. A total of fifty seventh grade students participated in this study. The results showed that students who played in a solitary or collaborative mode demonstrated improvement in learning…

  3. New Exact Solutions and Interactions Between Two Solitary Waves for (3+1)-Dimensional Jimbo-Miwa System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Qiu-Ying; MA Song-Hua; ZHANG Ying-Yue; FANG Jian-Ping; CHEN Tian-Lun; HONG Bi-Hai; ZHENG Chun-Long

    2008-01-01

    By means of an extended mapping approach and a linear variable separation approach, a new family of exact solutions of the (3+1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa system is derived. Based on the derived solitary wave solution, we obtain some special localized excitations and study the interactions between two solitary waves of the system.

  4. New Explicit Solitary Wave Solutions and Periodic Wave Solutions for the Generalized Coupled Hirota-Satsuma KdV system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENYong; YANZhen-Ya; 等

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,we study the generalized coupled Hirota-Satsuma KdV system by using the new generalized transformation in homogeneous balance method.As a result,many explicit exact solutions,which contain new solitary wave solutions,periodic wave solutions,and the combined formal solitary wave solutions,and periodic wave solutions ,are obtained.

  5. The Comparison of Solitary and Collaborative Modes of Game-Based Learning on Students' Science Learning and Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Huei; Wang, Kuan-Chieh; Lin, Yu-Hsuan

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we investigated and compared solitary and collaborative modes of game-based learning in promoting students' science learning and motivation. A total of fifty seventh grade students participated in this study. The results showed that students who played in a solitary or collaborative mode demonstrated improvement in learning…

  6. The run-up of weakly-two-dimensional solitary pulses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Brocchini

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The run-up of solitary-type pulses propagating at a small angle with respect to the shore normal is analysed by means of a weakly-two-dimensional extension of a solution of the nonlinear shallow water equations for a non-breaking, solitary pulse incident and reflecting on an inclined plane beach similar to that of Synolakis (1987. A simple analytic expression for the longshore velocity of the solitarytype pulse is given along with examples of computations. The proposed solution can be employed in modelling run-up flow properties of solitary-type pulses (e.g. tsunamis, primary waves of wave groups propagating in shallow waters, .... The hodograph transformation that is used and the flow properties are illustrated in terms of contour plots. A limiting pulse amplitude is defined such that breakdown of the solution occurs. A solution for the run-up of multiplesolitary-pulses in shallow waters is also described. Some of the salient characteristics are illustrated and discussed. Breakdown conditions are analytically defined also for the multiple-solitary-pulses solution. A strong condition is given which couples information on both pulses amplitudes and distances. An easier (but weaker version of the criterion is given in terms of a pair of decoupled formulae one for the Pulses amplitudes and the second for their initial positions. Very large run-up is achieved because of the merging of two or more solitary pulses which are smaller than the limiting Pulse. The role of pulse separation within a group of solitary Pulses is also analysed in terms of both a 'nonlinearity parameter' N and a 'groupiness parameter' G. It is found that a critical distance exists between two pulses which minimizes the back-wash velocity and, as a consequence, the nonlinearity parameter N.

  7. Alfven solitary waves in nonrelativistic, relativistic, and ultra-relativistic degenerate quantum plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rehman, M. A.; Qureshi, M. N. S. [Department of Physics, GC University, Kachery Road, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shah, H. A. [Department of Physics, Forman Christian College, Ferozepur Road, Lahore 54600 (Pakistan); Masood, W. [COMSATS, Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Chak Shehzad, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); National Centre for Physics (NCP) Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2015-10-15

    Nonlinear circularly polarized Alfvén waves are studied in magnetized nonrelativistic, relativistic, and ultrarelativistic degenerate Fermi plasmas. Using the quantum hydrodynamic model, Zakharov equations are derived and the Sagdeev potential approach is used to investigate the properties of the electromagnetic solitary structures. It is seen that the amplitude increases with the increase of electron density in the relativistic and ultrarelativistic cases but decreases in the nonrelativistic case. Both right and left handed waves are considered, and it is seen that supersonic, subsonic, and super- and sub-Alfvénic solitary structures are obtained for different polarizations and under different relativistic regimes.

  8. Dust-acoustic solitary waves in a dusty plasma with two-temperature nonthermal ions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zhi-Jian Zhou; Hong-Yan Wang; Kai-Biao Zhang

    2012-01-01

    By using reductive perturbation method, the nonlinear propagation of dust-acoustic waves in a dusty plasma (containing a negatively charged dust fluid, Boltzmann distributed electrons and two-temperature nonthermal ions) is investigated. The effects of two-temperature nonthermal ions on the basic properties of small but finite amplitude nonlinear dust-acoustic waves are examined. It is found that two-temperature nonthermal ions affect the basic properties of the dust-acoustic solitary waves. It is also observed that only compressive solitary waves exist in this system.

  9. Adrenalectomy for solitary metastasis of Hepatocellular carcinoma post liver transplantation: Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalbani, Imran Khan; Nazim, Syed M; Tariq, Muhammad Usman; Abbas, Farahat

    2016-01-01

    Liver transplantation (LT) is the treatment of choice for localized hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with cirrhosis. Extra hepatic metastasis is the most common cause of death in these patients. There is very little evidence regarding the natural history and treatment options for patients developing HCC recurrence after LT. Surgical resection offers a unique opportunity for solitary metastasis. We report a 61 year old male with solitary right adrenal metastasis 15 months post LT which was managed with open adrenalectomy. The patient is alive and disease free 24 months after the surgery. The case, histo-pathological findings and literature review is discussed.

  10. CT findings of solitary fibromatosis in the colon: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, So Young; Lim, Jae Hoon; Kang, Kyung A; Lee, Jeong Ju [Myongji Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    Fibromatosis is a rare benign neoplasm that appears as a sporadic lesion or is found in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Fewer than 7 cases of intraabdominal solitary fibromatosis arising from the colon have been reported in the English literature. This small number of reported cases may be not only because of the low incidence of the disease but also because of the difficulty in making proper diagnosis. We present here a case of histologically confirmed intraabdominal solitary fibromatosis arising from the colon, with an emphasis on computed tomography findings.

  11. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney: Report of the First Case Managed with Interferon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Cuello

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumors of the kidney are extremely rare tumors with unpredictable behavior. We describe a case of a patient with a solitary fibrous tumor of kidney with malignant findings with distant metastasis and nephrectomy managed with subcutaneous interferon achieving 23 months of progression-free survival. To date there is no prospective evaluation of any specific modality of treatment, but the surgical management and long-term followup are the only ones so far recommended strategies in the management of these patients. Studies are awaited with more patients to evaluate the different strategies of systemic therapy reported so far to allow adding survival benefit.

  12. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: report of the first case managed with interferon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuello, Javier; Brugés, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the kidney are extremely rare tumors with unpredictable behavior. We describe a case of a patient with a solitary fibrous tumor of kidney with malignant findings with distant metastasis and nephrectomy managed with subcutaneous interferon achieving 23 months of progression-free survival. To date there is no prospective evaluation of any specific modality of treatment, but the surgical management and long-term followup are the only ones so far recommended strategies in the management of these patients. Studies are awaited with more patients to evaluate the different strategies of systemic therapy reported so far to allow adding survival benefit.

  13. [Sclerosing hemangioma presenting as a solitary lung nodule. Report of one case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardemil, Gonzalo; Fernández, Eduardo; Riffo, Paola; Reyes, Diego; Ledezma, Rodrigo; Mira, Magdalena; Morales, Claudia; Salguero, Jorge

    2004-07-01

    Lung sclerosing hemangioma is an uncommon tumor that presents as a solitary asymptomatic nodule and that affects middle age women. It derives from type II pneumocytes. We report a 52 years old female with a solitary lung nodule detected in a chest X ray requested for the diagnosis of an acute respiratory disease. The nodule was excised by video thoracoscopy and the frozen section biopsy was informed as a non small cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Therefore an inferior right lobectomy with lymph node resection was performed. The definitive biopsy was informed as a lung sclerosing hemangioma.

  14. Ion acceleration in a solitary wave by an intense picosecond laser pulse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhidkov, A; Uesaka, M; Sasaki, A; Daido, H

    2002-11-18

    Acceleration of ions in a solitary wave produced by shock-wave decay in a plasma slab irradiated by an intense picosecond laser pulse is studied via particle-in-cell simulation. Instead of exponential distribution as in known mechanisms of ion acceleration from the target surface, these ions accelerated forwardly form a bunch with relatively low energy spread. The bunch is shown to be a solitary wave moving over expanding plasma; its velocity can exceed the maximal velocity of ions accelerated forward from the rear side of the target.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the larynx: report of two new cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Muradás Girardi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasm. Few cases have been described in the head and neck area, and less than 11 were located in the larynx. We described two new cases of solitary fibrous tumor of the larynx. A man, 64-year-old, and a woman, 77-year-old, both with submucosal and nodular supraglottic lesions, were submitted to surgical treatment and both showed CD-34 and bcl-2 immunoreactivity and S-100 and smooth-muscle actin negativity. After 24 and 22 months of postoperative follow-up, respectively, they did not show signs of active disease.

  16. Interaction of solitary waves in magnetized warm dusty plasmas with dust charging effects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ju-Kui

    2006-01-01

    In consideration of adiabatic dust charge variation, the combined effect of the external magnetized field and the dust temperature on head-on collision of the three-dimensional dust acoustic solitary waves is investigated. By using the extended Poincaré-Lighthill-Kuo method, the phase shifts and the trajectories of two solitons after the collision are obtained. The effects of the magnitude and the obliqueness of the external magnetic field and the dust temperature on the solitary wave collisions are discussed in detail.

  17. How experimentally to detect a solitary superconductivity in dirty ferromagnet-superconductor trilayers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avdeev, Maxim V.; Proshin, Yurii N.

    2017-10-01

    We theoretically study the proximity effect in the thin-film layered ferromagnet (F) - superconductor (S) heterostructures in F1F2S design. We consider the boundary value problem for the Usadel-like equations in the case of so-called ;dirty; limit. The ;latent; superconducting pairing interaction in F layers taken into account. The focus is on the recipe of experimental preparation the state with so-called solitary superconductivity. We also propose and discuss the model of the superconducting spin valve based on F1F2S trilayers in solitary superconductivity regime.

  18. Solitary Density Waves for Improved Traffic Flow Model with Variable Brake Distances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱文兴; 丁瑞玲

    2012-01-01

    Traffic flow model is improved by introducing variable brake distances with varying slopes. Stability of the traffic flow on a gradient is analyzed and the neutral stability condition is obtained. The KdV (Korteweg-de Vries) equation is derived the use of nonlinear analysis and soliton solution is obtained in the meta-stable region. Solitary density waves are reproduced in the numerical simulations. It is found that as uniform headway is less than the safety distance solitary wave exhibits upward form, otherwise it exhibits downward form. In general the numerical results are in good agreement with the analytical results.

  19. Effects of ion mobility and positron fraction on solitary waves in weak relativistic electron-positron-ion plasma

    CERN Document Server

    Lu, Ding; Xie, Bai-Song

    2013-01-01

    Effects of ion mobility and positron fraction on solitary waves of envelop of laser field and potential of electrostatic field in weak relativistic electron-positron-ion plasma are investigated. The parameter region for the existence of solitary waves is obtained analytically, and the reasonable choice of parameters is clarified. Both cases of mobile and immobile ions are considered. It is found that the amplitudes of solitary waves in the former case are larger compared to the latter case. For small plasma density, the localized solitary wave solutions in terms of approximate perturbation analytical method are consistent well with that by exact numerical calculations. However as the plasma density increases the analytical method loses its validity more and more. The influence of the positron fraction on the amplitudes of solitary waves shows a monotonous increasing relation. Implication of our results to the particle acceleration is also discussed briefly.

  20. Effects of ion mobility and positron fraction on solitary waves in weak relativistic electron-positron-ion plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ding; Li, Zi-Liang; Xie, Bai-Song

    2013-09-01

    The effects of ion mobility and positron fraction on the solitary waves of the laser field envelope and the potential of the electrostatic field in weak relativistic electron-positron-ion plasma are investigated. The parameter region for the existence of solitary waves is obtained analytically, and a reasonable choice of parameters is clarified. Both cases of mobile and immobile ions are considered. It is found that the amplitudes of solitary waves in the former case are larger compared to the latter case. For small plasma density, the localized solitary wave solutions in terms of the approximate perturbation analytical method are very consistent with those by exact numerical calculations. However, as the plasma density increases the analytical method loses its validity more and more. The influence of the positron fraction on the amplitudes of solitary waves shows a monotonous increasing relation. The implications of our results to particle acceleration are also discussed briefly.

  1. Loss of stability of a solitary wave through exciting a cnoidal wave on a Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ring

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, Zongqiang; Chu, Min; Xia, Guodong; Zheng, Zhigang

    2013-01-01

    The spatiotemporal propagation behavior of a solitary wave is investigated on a Fermi-Pasta-Ulam ring. We observe the emergence of a cnoidal wave excited by the solitary wave. The cnoidal wave may coexist with the solitary wave for a long time associated with the periodic exchange of energy between these two nonlinear waves. The module of the cnoidal wave, which is considered as an indicator of the nonlinearity, is found to oscillate with the same period of the energy exchange. After the stage of coexistence, the interaction between these two nonlinear waves leads to the destruction of the cnoidal wave by the radiation of phonons. Finally, the interaction of the solitary wave with phonons leads to the loss of stability of the solitary wave.

  2. Numerical analysis of internal solitary wave generation around a Island in Kuroshio Current using MITgcm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodaira, Tsubasa; Waseda, Takuji

    2013-04-01

    We have conducted ADCP and CTD measurements from 31/8/2010 to 2/9/2010 at the Miyake Island, located approximately 180 km south of Tokyo. The Kuroshio Current approached the island in this period, and the PALSAR image showed parabolic bright line upstream of the island. This bright line may be a surface signature of large amplitude internal solitary wave. Although our measurements did not explicitly show evidence of the internal solitary wave, critical condition might have been satisfied because of the Kuroshio Current and strong seasonal thermocline. To discover the generation mechanism of the large amplitude internal solitary wave at the Miyake Island, we have conducted non-hydrostatic numerical simulation with the MITgcm. A simple box domain, with open boundaries at all sides, is used. The island is simplified to circular cylinder or Gaussian Bell whose radius is 3km at ocean surface level. The size of the domain is 40kmx40kmx500m for circular cylinder cases and 80kmx80kmx500m for Gaussian bell cases. By looking at our CTD data, we have chosen for initial and boundary conditions a tanh function for vertical temperature profile. Salinity was kept constant for simplicity. Vertical density profile is also described by tanh function because we adopt linear type of equation of state. Vertical velocity profile is constant or linearly changed with depth; the vertical mean speed corresponds to the linear phase speed of the first baroclinic mode obtained by solving the eigen-value problem. With these configurations, we have conducted two series of simulations: shear flow through cylinder and uniform flow going through Gaussian Bell topography. Internal solitary waves were generated in front of the cylinder for the first series of simulations with shear flow. The generated internal waves almost purely consisted of 1st baroclinic component. Their intensities were linearly related with upstream vertical shear strength. As the internal solitary wave became larger, its width

  3. Clinical, pathological, and radiological characteristics of solitary ground-glass opacity lung nodules on high-resolution computed tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiu ZX

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Zhi-Xin Qiu,1 Yue Cheng,1 Dan Liu,1 Wei-Ya Wang,2 Xia Wu,2 Wei-Lu Wu,2 Wei-Min Li1,2 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, 2Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China Background: Lung nodules are being detected at an increasing rate year by year with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT being widely used. Ground-glass opacity nodule is one of the special types of pulmonary nodules that is confirmed to be closely associated with early stage of lung cancer. Very little is known about solitary ground-glass opacity nodules (SGGNs. In this study, we analyzed the clinical, pathological, and radiological characteristics of SGGNs on HRCT.Methods: A total of 95 resected SGGNs were evaluated with HRCT scan. The clinical, pathological, and radiological characteristics of these cases were analyzed.Results: Eighty-one adenocarcinoma and 14 benign nodules were observed. The nodules included 12 (15% adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS, 14 (17% minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA, and 55 (68% invasive adenocarcinoma (IA. No patients with recurrence till date have been identified. The positive expression rates of anaplastic lymphoma kinase and ROS-1 (proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase ROS were only 2.5% and 8.6%, respectively. The specificity and accuracy of HRCT of invasive lung adenocarcinoma were 85.2% and 87.4%. The standard uptake values of only two patients determined by 18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT were above 2.5. The size, density, shape, and pleural tag of nodules were significant factors that differentiated IA from AIS and MIA. Moreover, the size, shape, margin, pleural tag, vascular cluster, bubble-like sign, and air bronchogram of nodules were significant determinants for mixed ground-glass opacity nodules (all P<0.05.Conclusion: We analyzed the clinical, pathological, and radiological characteristics of SGGNs on HRCT and found that the size, density

  4. Position of solitary thyroid nodules by gammagraphy; Ubicacion de nodulos tiroideos solitarios por gammagrafia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basteris M, J.; Gomez D, R. [Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Facultad de Medicina, Merida, Yucatan (Mexico)

    2007-07-01

    In this work it is presented which it is the position more frequent of the solitary thyroid nodules. It was used the method of retrospective longitudinal observational investigation in 125 patients that went to the laboratory for realization of detection of thyroid nodules in the years 2004 and 2005 through gammagraphy. (Author)

  5. Generation of internal solitary waves in a pycnocline by an internal wave beam: a numerical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grisouard, N.; Staquet, C.; Gerkema, T.

    2011-01-01

    Oceanic observations from western Europe and the south-western Indian ocean have provided evidence of the generation of internal solitary waves due to an internal tidal beam impinging on the pycnocline from below - a process referred to as 'local generation' (as opposed to the more direct generation

  6. Solitary cutaneous histiocytosis with granular cell changes: a morphological variant of reticulohistiocytoma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caltabiano, Rosario; Magro, Gaetano; Vecchio, Giada Maria; Lanzafame, Salvatore

    2010-02-01

    We first report a case of granular cell histiocytosis occurring as a solitary polypoid lesion of the nipple in a 15-year-old girl. Histologically, the lesion was composed of a dermal population of medium- to large-sized, short spindle- to round- to epithelioid-shaped cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm containing numerous and small diastase-resistant periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) positive granules. No associated inflammatory cells were observed. Immunohistochemical studies, revealing immunoreactivity exclusively to vimentin and CD68, were consistent with their histiocytic profile. Based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical features, the diagnosis of 'solitary cutaneous histiocytosis with granular cell changes' was proposed. The absence of an inflammatory cell component, such as lymphocytes and leucocytes, along with no history of a previous trauma or medical treatment, suggest that the present lesion could fit into the morphological spectrum of the so-called solitary epithelioid histiocytoma, also known as reticulohistiocytoma. Alternatively, the possibility of a histiocytic reaction to unknown stimuli cannot be completely ruled out. Nevertheless, awareness of solitary cutaneous histiocytosis with granular cell changes is useful to avoid confusion with other dermal tumors, especially 'granular cell tumor' and 'dermal non-neural granular cell tumor'.

  7. Meningeal solitary fibrous tumor: report of a case and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deniz, Kemal; Kontas, Olgun; Tucer, Bulent; Kurtsoy, Ali

    2005-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasm that most often involves the pleura. The increasing numbers of this neoplasm have also been reported to date in extrapleural sites. We report a case of a twenty-four-year-old female with right frontal mass. Histologically, the tumor composed of spindle cell proliferation. Tumor cells were found to be positive for CD34 and CD117 with immunohistochemical studies. Ten months follow-up was uneventful. Seventy seven cases of meningeal solitary fibrous tumor from the literature are analysed and pathological, immunohistochemical and clinical features are discussed. Solitary fibrous tumor has a slight female predominance, with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. Age distribution is similar to meningioma ranging from 7-81 years. Approximately 23% of cases originate in the spine which is the most common meningeal location. Histopathologic examination shows uniform spindle cell proliferation with various amount of collagen. CD34-positivity usually allows discrimination from schwannomas, meningiomas and hemangiopericytomas. A differential diagnosis is important because most of the solitary fibrous tumors usually behave in a benign fashion. In this study, we also showed CD117 (Kit) expression in a case of meningeal SFT. CD117-positivity can be a good strategy for treatment in malignant and recurrent cases. Further investigations are necessary for therapeutic implication of CD117-positivity in SFT.

  8. Solitary liver abscess in a healthy child presenting with fever of unknown origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakran, W; Kawar, B; Chervinsky, L; Siplovich, L

    2005-06-01

    Pyogenic liver abscess is rarely encountered in normal children. We report a case of solitary pyogenic liver abscess in a healthy child aged 8 months. He presented with fever of unknown origin and mild hepatomegaly. Full recovery was achieved by surgical intervention and prolonged antibiotic treatment. Management and recommended treatment in children with liver abscess are presented.

  9. Direct bed stress measurements under solitary tsunami-type waves and breaking tsunami wave fronts

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    JayaKumar, S.; Baldock, T.E.

    in the stability of submarine sediments. Laboratory experiments were performed to obtain total shear stresses under tsunami-type breaking and non-breaking solitary waves. The total stress comprises arises from a pressure gradient force and a skin friction shear...

  10. The homotopic mapping solution for the solitary wave for a generalized nonlinear evolution equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mo Jia-Qi; Lin Su-Rong

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies a generalized nonlinear evolution equation. Using the homotopic mapping method,it constructs a corresponding homotopic mapping transform. Selecting a suitable initial approximation and using homotopic mapping,it obtains an approximate solution with an arbitrary degree of accuracy for the solitary wave. From the approximate solution obtained by using the homotopic mapping method,it possesses a good accuracy.

  11. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brody, S.; Fischer, A.H.; Hess, U.

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results a

  12. Compte-rendu : Thomas Laqueur "Solitary Sex" et Rachel Maines "The Technology of Orgasm"

    OpenAIRE

    Coulmont, Baptiste

    2004-01-01

    National audience; Note critique sur LAQUEUR (Thomas W.), Solitary Sex : A Cultural History of Masturbation, New York, Zone Books, 2003, 501p. (index) et sur MAINES (Rachel P.), The Technology of Orgasm : "Hysteria", the Vibrator, and Women's Sexual Satisfaction, Baltimore (MD), The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, 181p. (index)

  13. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brody, S.; Fischer, A.H.; Hess, U.

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results a

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of the greater omentum mimicking an ovarian tumor in a young woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabet Rodriguez Tarrega

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT of greater omentum in a young woman. SFT arising from the greater omentum can mimic a gynecologic neoplasm. SFTs are generally benign but some of them are malignant and have uncertain prognosis. An adequate follow-up is essential in these patients.

  15. The adiabatic approximation solutions of cylindrical and spherical dust ion-acoustic solitary waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕克璞; 豆福全; 孙建安; 段文山; 石玉仁

    2005-01-01

    By using the equivalent particle theory, the adiabatic approximation solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries type equation (including KdV equation, cylindrical KdV equation and spherical KdV equation) in dust ion-acoustic solitary waves were obtained. The method can be extended to other nonlinear evolution equations.

  16. Experimental observation of gravity-capillary solitary waves generated by a moving air-suction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Beomchan; Cho, Yeunwoo

    2016-11-01

    Gravity-capillary solitary waves are generated by a moving "air-suction" forcing instead of a moving "air-blowing" forcing. The air-suction forcing moves horizontally over the surface of deep water with speeds close to the minimum linear phase speed cmin = 23 cm/s. Three different states are observed according to forcing speed below cmin. At relatively low speeds below cmin, small-amplitude linear circular depressions are observed, and they move steadily ahead of and along with the moving forcing. As the forcing speed increases close to cmin, however, nonlinear 3-D gravity-capillary solitary waves are observed, and they move steadily ahead of and along with the moving forcing. Finally, when the forcing speed is very close to cmin, oblique shedding phenomena of 3-D gravity-capillary solitary waves are observed ahead of the moving forcing. We found that all the linear and nonlinear wave patterns generated by the air-suction forcing correspond to those generated by the air-blowing forcing. The main difference is that 3-D gravity-capillary solitary waves are observed "ahead of" the air-suction forcing, whereas the same waves are observed "behind" the air-blowing forcing. This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2014R1A1A1002441).

  17. The primary Maxillary Central Incisor in the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, I; Balslev-Olesen, M

    2012-01-01

    Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor (SMMCI) is a developmental anomaly in the permanent dentition with one single central incisor in the maxilla, positioned exactly in the midline. This condition has been associated with extra- and intraoral malformations in the frontonasal segment of the c...

  18. Solitary and shock structures in a strongly coupled cryogenic quantum plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hossen, M. A., E-mail: armanplasma@gmail.com; Mamun, A. A. [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342 (Bangladesh)

    2015-07-15

    The quantum ion-acoustic (QIA) solitary and shock structures formed in a strongly coupled cryogenic quantum plasma (containing strongly coupled positively charged inertial cold ions and Fermi electrons as well as positrons) have been theoretically investigated. The generalized quantum hydrodynamic model and the reductive perturbation method have been employed to derive the Korteweg-de Vries (K-dV) and Burgers equations. The basic features of the QIA solitary and shock structures are identified by analyzing the stationary solitary and shock wave solutions of the K-dV and Burgers equations. It is found that the basic characteristics (e.g., phase speed, amplitude, and width) of the QIA solitary and shock structures are significantly modified by the effects of the Fermi pressures of electrons and positrons, the ratio of Fermi temperature of positrons to that of electrons, the ratio of effective ion temperature to electron Fermi temperature, etc. It is also observed that the effect of strong correlation among extremely cold ions acts as a source of dissipation, and is responsible for the formation of the QIA shock structures. The results of this theoretical investigation should be useful for understanding the nonlinear features of the localized electrostatic disturbances in laboratory electron-positron-ion plasmas (viz., super-intense laser-dense matter experiments)

  19. Oblique propagation of ion-acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized electron-positron-ion plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferdousi, M.; Sultana, S.; Mamun, A. A. [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342 (Bangladesh)

    2015-03-15

    The properties of obliquely propagating ion-acoustic solitary waves in the presence of ambient magnetic field have been investigated theoretically in an electron-positron-ion nonthermal plasma. The plasma nonthermality is introduced via the q-nonextensive distribution of electrons and positrons. The Korteweg-de Vries (K-dV) and modified K-dV (mK-dV) equations are derived by adopting reductive perturbation method. The solution of K-dV and modified K-dV equation, which describes the solitary wave characteristics in the long wavelength limit, is obtained by steady state approach. It is seen that the electron and positron nonextensivity and external magnetic field (obliqueness) have significant effects on the characteristics of solitary waves. A critical value of nonextensivity is found for which solitary structures transit from positive to negative potential. The findings of this investigation may be used in understanding the wave propagation in laboratory and space plasmas where static external magnetic field is present.

  20. Bifurcation and Solitary Solution of a Transient Temperature Field Along Axis of Gun Muzzle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiangrong Xu; Fan Ge; Jianwei Zhong

    2001-01-01

    Based on non-equilibrium thermodynamic theory, a temperature field model of gun muzzle is setup. We obtain not only a solitary solution, but also a bifurcation solution. The physical picture of the solutions is corresponding to the center flame and secondary flame of the gun muzzle.

  1. The periodic wave solutions and solitary wave solutions for a class of nonlinear partial differential equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou Yubin; Wang Mingliang; Miao Tiande

    2004-03-15

    The periodic wave solutions for a class of nonlinear partial differential equations, including the Davey-Stewartson equations and the generalized Zakharov equations, are obtained by using the F-expansion method, which can be regarded as an overall generalization of the Jacobi elliptic function expansion method recently proposed. In the limit cases the solitary wave solutions of the equations are also obtained.

  2. NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF SOLITARY WAVE RUN-UP AND OVERTOPPING USING BOUSSINESQ-TYPE MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TSUNG Wen-Shuo; HSIAO Shih-Chun; LIN Ting-Chieh

    2012-01-01

    In this article,the use of a high-order Boussinesq-type model and sets of laboratory experiments in a large scale flume of breaking solitary waves climbing up slopes with two inclinations are presented to study the shoreline behavior of breaking and non-breaking solitary waves on plane slopes.The scale effect on run-up height is briefly discussed.The model simulation capability is well validated against the available laboratory data and present experiments.Then,serial numerical tests are conducted to study the shoreline motion correlated with the effects of beach slope and wave nonlinearity for breaking and non-breaking waves.The empirical formula proposed by Hsiao et al.for predicting the maximum run-up height of a breaking solitary wave on plane slopes with a wide range of slope inclinations is confirmed to be cautious.Furthermore,solitary waves impacting and overtopping an impermeable sloping seawall at various water depths are investigated.Laboratory data of run-up height,shoreline motion,free surface elevation and overtopping discharge are presented.Comparisons of run-up,run-down,shoreline trajectory and wave overtopping discharge are made.A fairly good agreement is seen between numerical results and experimental data.It elucidates that the present depth-integrated model can be used as an efficient tool for predicting a wide spectrum of coastal problems.

  3. Ion acoustic solitary waves in plasmas with nonextensive distributed electrons, positrons and relativistic thermal ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafez, M. G.; Talukder, M. R.; Sakthivel, R.

    2016-05-01

    The theoretical and numerical studies have been investigated on nonlinear propagation of weakly relativistic ion acoustic solitary waves in an unmagnetized plasma system consisting of nonextensive electrons, positrons and relativistic thermal ions. To study the characteristics of nonlinear propagation of the three-component plasma system, the reductive perturbation technique has been applied to derive the Korteweg-de Vries equation, which divulges the soliton-like solitary wave solution. The ansatz method is employed to carry out the integration of this equation. The effects of nonextensive electrons, positrons and relativistic thermal ions on phase velocity, amplitude and width of soliton and electrostatic nonlinear propagation of weakly relativistic ion acoustic solitary waves have been discussed taking different plasma parameters into consideration. The obtained results can be useful in understanding the features of small amplitude localized relativistic ion acoustic solitary waves in an unmagnetized three-component plasma system for hard thermal photon production with relativistic heavy ions collision in quark-gluon plasma as well as for astrophysical plasmas.

  4. STABILITY AND INSTABILITY OF SOLITARY WAVES FOR ABSTRACT COMPLEX HAMILTONIAN SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ye

    2005-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the orbital stability and orbital instability of solitary waves for some complex Hamiltonian systems in abstract form. Under some assumptions on the spectra of the related operator and the decaying estimates of the semigroup, the sufficient conditions on orbital stability and instability are obtained.

  5. Solitary waves in Galilean covariant Fermi field theories with self-interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Saradzhev, Fuad M

    2014-01-01

    The generalized Levy-Leblond equation for a $(3+1)$-dimensional self-interacting Fermi field is considered. Spin up solitary wave solutions with space oscillations in the $x^3$-coordinate are constructed. The solutions are shown to accumulate non-equal amounts of inertial and rest masses.

  6. Orbital Stability of Solitary Waves of The Long Wave—Short Wave Resonance Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BolingGUO; LinCHEN

    1996-01-01

    This paper concerns the orbital stability for soliary waves of the long wave short wave resonance equations.By using a different method from[15] ,applying the abstract rsults of Grillakis et al.[8][9] and detailed spectral analysis.we obtain the necessary and sufficient condition for the stability of the solitary waves.

  7. Clinicopathological Analysis of a Primary and Solitary Brain Plasmacytoma: Case Report with an Encephalocoele

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ A primary and solitary plasmacytoma with an encephalocoele is an extremely rare tumor[1]. The origin of plasmacytoma cells has not been clarified, but a number of studies have suggested the possibility that it originates from the meninges and reticular cells of the Virchow-Robin space.

  8. RANS-VOF Solver for Solitary Wave Run-up on A Circular Cylinder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹洪建; 万德成

    2015-01-01

    Simulation of solitary wave run-up on a vertical circular cylinder is carried out in a viscous numerical wave tank developed based on the open source codes OpenFOAM. An incompressible two-phase flow solver naoe-FOAM-SJTU is used to solve the Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations with the SST k-wturbulence model. The PISO algorithm is utilized for the pressure-velocity coupling. The air-water interface is captured via Volume of Fluid (VOF) technique. The present numerical model is validated by simulating the solitary wave run-up and reflected against a vertical wall, and solitary wave run-up on a vertical circular cylinder. Comparisons between numerical results and available experimental data show satisfactory agreement. Furthermore, simulations are carried out to study the solitary wave run-up on the cylinder with different incident wave height H and different cylinder radius a. The relationships of the wave run-up height with the incident wave height H, cylinder radius a are analyzed. The evolutions of the scattering free surface and vortex shedding are also presented to give a better understanding of the process of nonlinear wave-cylinder interaction.

  9. Viscous damping of solitary waves in the mud banks of Kerala, West coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shenoi, S.S.C.; Murty, C.S.

    Analysis of wave damping in mud bank region following the process of transfer of wave energy to the interior of fluid column through the boundary layer and the energy loss computations owing to viscous shear beneath the solitary wave over a smooth...

  10. Modified KdV equation for solitary Rossby waves with β effect in barotropic fluids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Jian; Yang Lian-Gui

    2009-01-01

    This paper uses the weakly nonlinear method and perturbation method to deal with the quasi-geostrophic vorticity equation, and the modified Korteweg-de Vries(mKdV) equations describing the evolution of the amplitude of solitary Rossby waves as the change of Rossby parameter β(y) with latitude y is obtained.

  11. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Prostate Which Was Initially Misdiagnosed as Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osamu, Soma; Murasawa, Hiromi; Yoneyama, Takahiro; Koie, Takuya; Ohyama, Chikara

    2017-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the prostate is a very rare tumor. We report a case of 65-year-old man with SFT of the prostate which was initially misdiagnosed as prostate cancer. Finally, we performed total prostatectomy and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as SFT of the prostate. The patient's clinical course has progressed favorably with no obvious recurrence 18 months postoperatively.

  12. Bound dipole solitary solutions in anisotropic nonlocal self-focusing media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mamaev, A.V.; Zozulya, A.A.; Mezentsev, V.K.;

    1997-01-01

    We find and analyze bound dipole solitary solutions in media with anisotropic nonlocal photorefractive material response. The dipole solutions consist of two elliptically shaped Gaussian-type beams separated by several diameters, and with a pi phase shift between their fields. Spatial evolution...... of two initially round Gaussian beams and their convergence to the above dipole solution is demonstrated experimentally....

  13. Small amplitude electron acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized superthermal plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devanandhan, S.; Singh, S. V.; Lakhina, G. S.; Bharuthram, R.

    2015-05-01

    The propagation of electron acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized plasma consisting of fluid cold electrons, electron beam and superthermal hot electrons (obeying kappa velocity distribution function) and ion is investigated in a small amplitude limit using reductive perturbation theory. The Korteweg-de-Vries-Zakharov-Kuznetsov (KdV-ZK) equation governing the dynamics of electron acoustic solitary waves is derived. The solution of the KdV-ZK equation predicts the existence of negative potential solitary structures. The new results are: (1) increase of either the beam speed or temperature of beam electrons tends to reduce both the amplitude and width of the electron acoustic solitons, (2) the inclusion of beam speed and temperature pushes the allowed Mach number regime upwards and (3) the soliton width maximizes at certain angle of propagation (αm) and then decreases for α >αm . In addition, increasing the superthermality of the hot electrons also results in reduction of soliton amplitude and width. For auroral plasma parameters observed by Viking, the obliquely propagating electron-acoustic solitary waves have electric field amplitudes in the range (7.8-45) mV/m and pulse widths (0.29-0.44) ms. The Fourier transform of these electron acoustic solitons would result in a broadband frequency spectra with peaks near 2.3-3.5 kHz, thus providing a possible explanation of the broadband electrostatic noise observed during the Burst a.

  14. Is DNA a nonlinear dynamical system where solitary conformational waves are possible?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ludmila V Yakushevich

    2001-09-01

    DNA is considered as a nonlinear dynamical system in which solitary conformational waves can be excited. The history of the approach, the main results, and arguments in favour and against are presented. Perspectives are discussed pertaining to studies of DNA’s nonlinear properties.

  15. Solitary-Solution Formulation for Differential-Difference Equations Using an Ancient Chinese Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Huan He

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper applies an ancient Chinese algorithm to differential-difference equations, and a solitary-solution formulation is obtained. The discrete mKdV lattice equation is used as an example to elucidate the solution procedure.

  16. A Comparative Study on Three Different Transducers for the Measurement of Nonlinear Solitary Waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piervincenzo Rizzo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade there has been an increasing interest in the use of highly- and weakly- nonlinear solitary waves in engineering and physics. Nonlinear solitary waves can form and travel in nonlinear systems such as one-dimensional chains of particles, where they are conventionally generated by the mechanical impact of a striker and are measured either by using thin transducers embedded in between two half-particles or by a force sensor placed at the chain’s base. These waves have a constant spatial wavelength and their speed, amplitude, and duration can be tuned by modifying the particles’ material or size, or the velocity of the striker. In this paper we propose two alternative sensing configurations for the measurements of solitary waves propagating in a chain of spherical particles. One configuration uses piezo rods placed in the chain while the other exploits the magnetostrictive property of ferromagnetic materials. The accuracy of these two sensing systems on the measurement of the solitary wave’s characteristics is assessed by comparing experimental data to the numerical prediction of a discrete particle model and to the experimental measurements obtained by means of a conventional transducer. The results show very good agreement and the advantages and limitations of the new sensors are discussed.

  17. [Invasive and minimally invasive hemodynamic monitoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Matthias

    2016-10-01

    Advanced hemodynamic monitoring is necessary for adequate management of high-risk patients or patients with derangement of circulation. Studies demonstrate a benefit of early goal directed therapy in unstable cardiopulmonary situations. In these days we have different possibilities of minimally invasive or invasive hemodynamic monitoring. Minimally invasive measurements like pulse conture analysis or pulse wave analysis being less accurate under some circumstances, however only an artery catheter is needed for cardiac output monitoring. Pulmonary artery, transpulmonary thermodilution and lithium dilution technology have acceptable accuracy in cardiac output measurement. For therapy of unstable circulation there are additionally parameters to obtain. The pulmonary artery catheter is the device with the largest rate of complications, used by a trained crew and with a correct indication, his use is unchained justified.

  18. Bifurcations of ion acoustic solitary and periodic waves in an electron-positron-ion plasma through non-perturbative approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Asit; Chatterjee, Prasanta; Chatterjee

    2014-08-01

    Ion acoustic solitary waves and periodic waves in an unmagnetized plasma with superthermal (kappa-distributed) electrons and positrons are investigated through a non-perturbative approach. Model equations are transformed to a planar dynamical system. Then by using the bifurcations of phase portraits of this planar dynamical system, we have established that our model has solitary wave and periodic wave solutions. We have obtained two analytical solutions for these solitary and periodic waves depending on the parameters. From these solitary wave and periodic wave solutions, we have shown the combined effects of temperature ratio (σ) of electrons and positrons, spectral index (κ), speed of the traveling wave (v), and density ratio (p) of positrons and electrons on the characteristics of ion acoustic solitary and periodic waves. The spectral index, density ratio, speed of the traveling wave, and temperature ratio significantly affect the characteristics of ion acoustic solitary and periodic structures. The present study might be helpful to understand the salient features of nonlinear ion acoustic solitary and periodic structures in the interstellar medium.

  19. Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salagierski, Maciej, E-mail: maciej.salagierski@umed.lodz.pl [I Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz (Poland); Salagierski, Marek S. [II Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz (Poland)

    2010-11-17

    The management and diagnosis of renal tumors have changed significantly over the last decade. Due to advances in imaging techniques, more than 50% of kidney tumors are discovered incidentally and many of them represent an early stage lesion. This has stimulated the development of nephron-sparing surgery and of the minimally invasive treatment options including ablative techniques, i.e., radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation. The objective of the minimally invasive approach is to preserve the renal function and to lower the perioperative morbidity. RFA involves inducing the coagulative necrosis of tumor tissue. Being probably one of the least invasive procedures in kidney tumor management, RFA may be performed percutaneously under ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) guidance. Most of the studies show that the RFA procedure is efficient, safe and has a low complication rate. Due to the still limited data on the oncological outcome of RFA, the indication for this intervention remains limited to selected patients with small organ-confined renal tumors and contraindication to surgery or who have a solitary kidney. The aim of our study is to review the literature on RFA of kidney tumors.

  20. Elective bladder-sparing treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lendínez-Cano, G; Rico-López, J; Moreno, S; Fernández Parra, E; González-Almeida, C; Camacho Martínez, E

    2014-01-01

    Radical cystectomy is the standard treatment for localised muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). We offer a bladder-sparing treatment with TURB +/- Chemotherapy+Radiotherapy to selected patients as an alternative. We analyze, retrospectively, 30 patients diagnosed with MIBC from March 1991 to October 2010. The mean age was 62.7 years (51-74). All patients were candidates for a curative treatment, and underwent strict selection criteria: T2 stage, primary tumor, solitary lesion smaller than 5cm with a macroscopic disease-free status after TURB, negative random biopsy without hydronephrosis. Staging CT evaluation was normal. Restaging TURB or tumor bed biopsy showed a disease-free status or microscopic muscle invasion. 14 patients underwent TURB alone, 13 TURB+Chemotherapy and 3 TURB+Chemotherapy+Radiotherapy. The mean follow up was 88.7 months (19-220). 14 patients remained disease free (46.6%), 10 had recurrent non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (33%). 81.3% complete clinical response. 71% bladder preserved at 5-years. Overall, 5-years survival rate was 79% and 85% cancer-specific survival rate. Although radical cystectomy is the standard treatment for localised MIBC, in strictly selected cases, bladder-sparing treatment offers an alternative with good long term results. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  1. Prostate resection - minimally invasive

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... invasive URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007415.htm Prostate resection - minimally invasive To use ... into your bladder instead of out through the urethra ( retrograde ... on New Developments in Prostate Cancer and Prostate Diseases. Evaluation and treatment of lower ...

  2. Effect of dust charge variation on dust—acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized two—ion—temperature dusty plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XueJu-Kui; LangHe

    2003-01-01

    The effect of dust charge variation on the dust-acoustic solitary structures is investigated in a warm magnetized two-ion-temperature dusty plasma consisting of a negatively and variably charged extremely massive dust fluid and ions of two different temperatures. It is shown that the dust charge variation as well as the presence of a second component of ions would modify the properties of the dust-acoustic solitary structures and may exite both dust-acoustic solitary holes (soliton waves with a density dip) and positive solitons (soliton waves with a density hump).

  3. Effect of dust charge variation on dust-acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized two-ion-temperature dusty plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛具奎; 郎和

    2003-01-01

    The effect of dust charge variation on the dust-acoustic solitary structures is investigated in a warm magnetized two-ion-temperature dusty plasma consisting of a negatively and variably charged extremely massive dust fluid and ions of two different temperatures. It is shown that the dust charge variation as well as the presence of a second component of ions would modify the properties of the dust-acoustic solitary structures and may excite both dust-acoustic solitary holes (soliton waves with a density dip) and positive solitons (soliton waves with a density hump).

  4. Evaluation of Blood Flow Patterns of Solitary Pulmonary Nodules with Dynamic Multi-slice Spiral Computed Tomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIShenjiang; XIAOXiangsheng; LIHuimin; LIUShiyuan; LIChengzhou; ZHANGChenshi; TAOZhiwei; YANGChunshan

    2004-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of dynamic multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) for providing quantitative information about blood flow patterns of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) and differentiating solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Methods: 37 patients with SPNs (diameter0.01). SFN-to-aorta ratio in inflammatory SPNs (20.78%±4.14) was significantly higher than that in benign (2.00%±2.26) and malig nant (14.63%±6.22) SPNs (P0.01). Conclusion: MSCT provides quantitative information about blood flow patterns of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) and is applicable diagnostic method for differentiating SPNs.

  5. No stability switching at saddle-node bifurcations of solitary waves in generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jianke

    2012-03-01

    Saddle-node bifurcations arise frequently in solitary waves of diverse physical systems. Previously it was believed that solitary waves always undergo stability switching at saddle-node bifurcations, just as in finite-dimensional dynamical systems. Here we show that this is not true. For a large class of generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations with real or complex potentials, we prove that stability of solitary waves does not switch at saddle-node bifurcations. This analytical result is confirmed by numerical examples where both soliton branches are stable at saddle-node bifurcations.

  6. Does the invasive Lupinus polyphyllus increase pollinator visitation to a native herb through effects on pollinator population sizes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakobsson, Anna; Padrón, Benigno

    2014-01-01

    Invasive plants may compete with native species for abiotic factors as light, space and nutrients, and have also been shown to affect native pollination interactions. Studies have mainly focused on how invasive plants affect pollinator behaviour, i.e. attraction of pollinators to or away from native flowers. However, when an invasive plant provides resources utilized by native pollinators this could increase pollinator population sizes and thereby pollination success in natives. Effects mediated through changes in pollinator population sizes have been largely ignored in previous studies, and the dominance of negative interactions suggested by meta-analyses may therefore be biased. We investigated the impact of the invasive Lupinus polyphyllus on pollination in the native Lotus corniculatus using a study design comparing invaded and uninvaded sites before and after the flowering period of the invasive. We monitored wild bee abundance in transects, and visit rate and seed production of potted Lotus plants. Bumblebee abundance increased 3.9 times in invaded sites during the study period, whereas it was unaltered in uninvaded sites. Total visit rate per Lotus plant increased 2.1 times in invaded sites and decreased 4.4 times in uninvaded sites. No corresponding change in seed production of Lotus was found. The increase in visit rate to Lotus was driven by an increase in solitary bee visitation, whereas mainly bumblebees were observed to visit the invasive Lupinus. The mechanism by which the invasive increases pollinator visit rates to Lotus could be increased availability of other flower resources for solitary bees when bumblebees forage on Lupinus.

  7. Laparoscopic rectopexy for solitary rectal ulcer syndrome without overt rectal prolapse: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menekse, Ebru; Ozdogan, Mehmet; Karateke, Faruk; Ozyazici, Sefa; Demirturk, Pelin; Kuvvetli, Adnan

    2014-02-20

    Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is a rare clinical entity. Several treatment options has been described. However, there is no consensus yet on treatment algorithm and standard surgical procedure. Rectopexy is one of the surgical options and it is generally performed in patients with solitary rectal ulcer accompanied with overt prolapse. Various outcomes have been reported for rectopexy in the patients with occult prolapse or rectal intussusception. In the literature; outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection rectopexy procedure have been reported in the limited number of case or case series. No study has emphasized the outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection rectopexy procedure in the patients with solitary rectal ulcer without overt prolapse. In this report we aimed to present clinical outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection posterior suture rectopexy procedure in a 21-year-old female patient with solitary rectal ulcer without overt prolapse.

  8. Laparoscopic rectopexy for solitary rectal ulcer syndrome without overt rectal prolapse. A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menekse, Ebru; Ozdogan, Mehmet; Karateke, Faruk; Ozyazici, Sefa; Demirturk, Pelin; Kuvvetli, Adnan

    2014-01-01

    Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is a rare clinical entity. Several treatment options has been described. However, there is no consensus yet on treatment algorithm and standard surgical procedure. Rectopexy is one of the surgical options and it is generally performed in patients with solitary rectal ulcer accompanied with overt prolapse. Various outcomes have been reported for rectopexy in the patients with occult prolapse or rectal intussusception. In the literature; outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection rectopexy procedure have been reported in the limited number of case or case series. No study has emphasized the outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection rectopexy procedure in the patients with solitary rectal ulcer without overt prolapse. In this report we aimed to present clinical outcomes of laparoscopic non-resection posterior suture rectopexy procedure in a 21-year-old female patient with solitary rectal ulcer without overt prolapse.

  9. Comment on “Effects of damping solitary wave in a viscosity bounded plasma” [Phys. Plasmas 21, 022118 (2014)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, Uday Narayan, E-mail: unghosh1@rediffmail.com; Chatterjee, Prasanta; Roychoudhury, Rajkumar [Department of Mathematics, Siksha Bhavana, Visva Bharati, Santiniketan 731235 (India)

    2015-07-15

    Recently Gun Li et al. discussed “Effects of damping solitary wave in a viscosity bounded plasma” [Phys. Plasmas 21, 022118 (2014)]. The paper contains some serious errors which have been pointed out in this Comment.

  10. Solitary waves propagation described by Korteweg-de Vries equation in the granular chain with initial prestress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang Yang; Liu, Shi Wei; Yang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhen Bin; Duan, Wen Shan; Yang, Lei

    2016-07-01

    The paper work relates to Nesterenko's problem to further study the solitary wave when the strong external force acts on the granular chain. We also study the problem under the long-wavelength approximation and find that such kind of solitary wave in system with the initial prestress can be described by the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. It is found that the results of analytical and numerical are in an excellent agreement. Furthermore, we study the scattering of the KdV solitary wave in different granular materials both in theoretical and numerical methods. It is found that the numbers and the amplitudes of both the reflected and the transmitted waves depend not only on the amplitude of the incident solitary wave but also on the variations of both sides of the discontinuity such as the mass, Young's modulus or radius of the grains.

  11. A New Integro-Differential Equation for Rossby Solitary Waves with Topography Effect in Deep Rotational Fluids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongwei Yang

    2013-01-01

    solitary waves generated by topography, especially in the resonant case; a large amplitude nonstationary disturbance is generated in the forcing region. This condition may explain the blocking phenomenon which exists in the atmosphere and ocean and generated by topographic forcing.

  12. Properties of cylindrical and spherical heavy ion-acoustic solitary and shock structures in a multispecies plasma with superthermal electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, M. G.; Rahman, M. M.; Hossen, M. R.; Mamun, A. A.

    2016-02-01

    A theoretical investigation on heavy ion-acoustic (HIA) solitary and shock structures has been accomplished in an unmagnetized multispecies plasma consisting of inertialess kappa-distributed superthermal electrons, Boltzmann light ions, and adiabatic positively charged inertial heavy ions. Using the reductive perturbation technique, the nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) Kortewg-de Vries (KdV) and Burgers equations have been derived. The solitary and shock wave solutions of the KdV and Burgers equations, respectively, have been numerically analyzed. The effects of superthermality of electrons, adiabaticity of heavy ions, and nonplanar geometry, which noticeably modify the basic features (viz. polarity, amplitude, phase speed, etc.) of small but finite amplitude HIA solitary and shock structures, have been carefully investigated. The HIA solitary and shock structures in nonplanar geometry have been found to distinctly differ from those in planar geometry. Novel features of our present attempt may contribute to the physics of nonlinear electrostatic perturbation in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas.

  13. Time evolution of nonplanar dust ion-acoustic solitary waves in a charge varying dusty plasma with superthermal electrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayout, Saliha; Tribeche, Mouloud, E-mail: mouloudtribeche@yahoo.fr [Plasma Physics Group (PPG), Theoretical Physics Laboratory (TPL), Faculty of Sciences- Physics, University of Bab-Ezzouar, U.S.T.H.B, B.P. 32, El Alia, Algiers 16111 (Algeria); Sahu, Biswajit [Department of Mathematics, West Bengal State University, Barasat, Kolkata-700126 (India)

    2015-12-15

    A theoretical study on the nonlinear propagation of nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) dust ion-acoustic solitary waves (DIASW) is carried out in a dusty plasma, whose constituents are inertial ions, superthermal electrons, and charge fluctuating stationary dust particles. Using the reductive perturbation theory, a modified Korteweg-de Vries equation is derived. It is shown that the propagation characteristics of the cylindrical and spherical DIA solitary waves significantly differ from those of their one-dimensional counterpart.

  14. Differential Diagnosis of Solitary Pulmonary Inflammatory Lesions and Peripheral Lung Cancers with Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Zhi-gang; Sheng, Bo; Liu, Meng-qi; Lv, Fa-jin; Li, Qi; Ouyang, Yu

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To clarify differences between solitary pulmonary inflammatory lesions and peripheral lung cancers with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. METHODS: In total, 64 and 132 patients with solitary pulmonary inflammatory masses/nodules and peripheral lung cancers, respectively, were enrolled in this study. Their computed tomographic findings were summarized and compared retrospectively. RESULTS: Compared with the peripheral lung cancers, the inflammatory lesions were located closer to the pleura (pmanagement.

  15. Rational Form Solitary Wave Solutions and Doubly Periodic Wave Solutions to(1+1)-Dimensional Dispersive Long Wave Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qi; CHEN Yong; ZHANG Hong-Qing

    2005-01-01

    In this work we devise an algebraic method to uniformly construct rational form solitary wave solutions and Jacobi and Weierstrass doubly periodic wave solutions of physical interest for nonlinear evolution equations. With the aid of symbolic computation, we apply the proposed method to solving the (1+1)-dimensional dispersive long wave equation and explicitly construct a series of exact solutions which include the rational form solitary wave solutions and elliptic doubly periodic wave solutions as special cases.

  16. Periodic and solitary wave solutions of cubic–quintic nonlinear reaction-diffusion equation with variable convection coefficients

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BHARDWAJ S B; SINGH RAM MEHAR; SHARMA KUSHAL; MISHRA S C

    2016-06-01

    Attempts have been made to explore the exact periodic and solitary wave solutions of nonlinear reaction diffusion (RD) equation involving cubic–quintic nonlinearity along with timedependent convection coefficients. Effect of varying model coefficients on the physical parameters of solitary wave solutions is demonstrated. Depending upon the parametric condition, the periodic,double-kink, bell and antikink-type solutions for cubic–quintic nonlinear reaction-diffusion equation are extracted. Such solutions can be used to explain various biological and physical phenomena.

  17. Advection of pollutants by internal solitary waves in oceanic and atmospheric stable stratifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. W. Haarlemmer

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available When a pollutant is released into the ocean or atmosphere under turbulent conditions, even a steady release is captured by large eddies resulting in localized patches of high concentration of the pollutant. If such a cloud of pollutant subsequently enters a stable stratification-either a pycnocline or thermocline-then internal waves are excited. Since large solitary internal waves have a recirculating core, pollutants may be trapped in the sclitary wave, and advected large distances through the waveguide provided by the stratification. This paper addresses the mechanisms, through computer and physical simulation, by which a localized release of a dense pollutant results in solitary waves that trap the pollutant or disperse the pollutant faster than in the absence of the waves.

  18. Development of internal solitary waves in various thermocline regimes - a multi-modal approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Gerkema

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A numerical analysis is made on the appearance of oceanic internal solitary waves in a multi-modal setting. This is done for observed profiles of stratification from the Sulu Sea and the Bay of Biscay, in which thermocline motion is dominated by the first and third mode, respectively. The results show that persistent solitary waves occur only in the former case, in accordance with the observations. In the Bay of Biscay much energy is transferred from the third mode to lower modes, implying that a uni-modal approach would not have been appropriate. To elaborate on these results in a systematic way, a simple model for the stratification is used; an interpretation is given in terms of regimes of thermocline strength.

  19. Stability analysis for pitchfork bifurcations of solitary waves in generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equations

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Jianke

    2012-01-01

    Linear stability of both sign-definite (positive) and sign-indefinite solitary waves near pitchfork bifurcations is analyzed for the generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equations with arbitrary forms of nonlinearity and external potentials in arbitrary spatial dimensions. Bifurcations of linear-stability eigenvalues associated with pitchfork bifurcations are analytically calculated. It is shown that the smooth solution branch switches stability at the bifurcation point. In addition, the two bifurcated solution branches and the smooth branch have the opposite (same) stability when their power slopes have the same (opposite) sign. One unusual feature on the stability of these pitchfork bifurcations is that the smooth and bifurcated solution branches can be both stable or both unstable, which contrasts such bifurcations in finite-dimensional dynamical systems where the smooth and bifurcated branches generally have opposite stability. For the special case of positive solitary waves, stronger and more explicit stab...

  20. False Positive F-18 FDG PET/CT of Skeletal Metastasis Due to Solitary Eosinophilic Granuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Mansberg

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A 31 year old female with a 3 month history of focal right mid posterior thoracic pain, and solitary lytic lesion in the right 7th rib posteriorly on bone scan (SPECT/CT was referred for PET/CT to identify alternate site for biopsy in suspected malignancy. The patient had no significant past medical history and was afebrile with mildly elevated inflammatory markers. A solitary intensely FDG avid focus was demonstrated localised to a well-defined lytic lesion with partial cortical erosion on the posterior aspect of the right 7th rib. No adjacent soft tissue abnormality was seen. No other site of biopsy was demonstrated. As malignancy (metastatic or primary was not excluded, CT guided localisation with hookwire and blue dye injection was performed immediately prior to partial resection of the right 7th rib. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of eosinophilic granuloma.

  1. Solitary myeloma with massive extracellular crystalline structures--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y G; Yang, K H; Gang, S J; Kim, B K; Kim, S M

    1991-06-01

    We describe a case of solitary myeloma showing cystic change filled with massive crystalline structures in a 54-year-old woman. A bone X-ray showed a solitary cystic osteolytic lesion in the right iliac bone. Serum and urine protein electrophoresis showed no demonstrable M-protein, and bone-marrow aspirates did not show any myeloma cells. Histologic examination of the tumor revealed aggregation of plasma cells with massive extracellular infiltration of the rhomboid-shaped crystalline structures. In immunoperoxidase staining, both these crystalline structures and the cytoplasms of the myeloma cells demonstrated a positive reaction for lambda light chain. By electron microscope, the large extracellular crystalline structures were observed, and we found unique rhomboid or rectangular-shaped crystalline structures in the cytoplasms of the myeloma cells.

  2. Catecholaminergic projections from the solitary tract nucleus to the perifornical hypothalamus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierret, P; Christolomme, A; Bosler, O; Perrin, J; Orsini, J C

    1994-01-01

    The source of adrenergic and other catecholaminergic fibers innervating the perifornical lateral hypothalamus was localized in the medulla after combination of Fluoro-Gold retrograde tracing and immunohistochemistry for either tyrosine-hydroxylase or phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase. Following perifornical injections, Fluoro-Gold-labeled neurons were observed mainly in regions including the noradrenergic and adrenergic cell groups. In the caudal solitary tract nucleus, two kinds of doubly labeled neurons were found: a) numerous noradrenergic neurons in the A2 group at the level of, or caudal to the area postrema; b) some adrenergic neurons in the C2 group at a level immediately rostral to the area postrema. These catecholaminergic neurons connecting the caudal solitary tract nucleus to the perifornical hypothalamus might convey feeding relevant information such as glycemic level or satiety signals.

  3. Shoaling of internal solitary waves at the ASIAEX site in the South China Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. G. Lamb

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The interaction of barotropic tides with Luzon Strait topography generates westward propagating internal bores and solitary waves trains which eventually shoal and dissipate on the western side of the South China Sea. Two-dimensional numerical simulations of this shoaling process at the site of the Asian Seas International Acoustic Experiment (ASIAEX have been undertaken in order to investigate the sensitivity of the shoaling process to the stratification and the underlying bathymetry, and to explore the influence of rotation. A range of wave amplitudes are considered. Comparisons with adiabatic shoaling waves are also made and the potential impact of a non-slip boundary condition are briefly explored. On the slope secondary solitary waves and mode-two wave packets are generated which propagate towards the shelf. Comparisons with observations made during the ASIAEX experiment are made.

  4. Propagation of optical spatial solitary waves in bias-free nematic-liquid-crystal cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minzoni, Antonmaria A. [Fenomenos Nonlineales y Mecanica (FENOMEC), Department of Mathematics and Mechanics, Instituto de Investigacion en Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 01000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Sciberras, Luke W.; Worthy, Annette L. [School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Smyth, Noel F. [School of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom)

    2011-10-15

    The propagation of a bulk optical solitary wave in a rectangular cell filled with a nematic liquid crystal--a nematicon--is mathematically modelled. In order to overcome the Freedricksz threshold the cell walls are rubbed to pretilt the nematic. A modulation theory, based on a Lagrangian formulation, is developed for the (2+1)-dimensional propagation of the solitary wave beam down the cell. This modulation theory is based on two different formulations of the director distribution. The relative advantages and disadvantages of these two methods are discussed. A previously unexplored method based on images is found to possess significant advantages. Excellent agreement with full numerical solutions of the nematicon equations is found for both methods. Finally, the implications of the results obtained for some widely used approximations to the nematicon equations are discussed, particularly their use in comparisons with experimental results.

  5. Dust Acoustic Solitary Waves in Dusty Plasma with Trapped Electrons Having Different Temperature Nonthermal Ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deka, Manoj Kr.

    2016-12-01

    In this report, a detailed investigation on the study of dust acoustics solitary waves solution with negatively dust charge fluctuation in dusty plasma corresponding to lower and higher temperature nonthermal ions with trapped electrons is presented. We consider temporal variation of dust charge as a source of dissipation term to derive the lower order modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation by using the reductive perturbation technique. Solitary wave solution is obtained with the help of sech method in presence of trapped electrons and low (and high) temperature nonthermal ions. Both nonthermality of ions and trapped state of the electrons are found to have an imperative control on the nonlinear coefficient, dissipative coefficient as well as height of the wave potential.

  6. Evidence for 2D Solitary Sound Waves in a Lipid Controlled Interface and its Biological Implications

    CERN Document Server

    Shrivastava, Shamit

    2014-01-01

    Biological membranes by virtue of their elastic properties should be capable of propagating localized perturbations analogous to sound waves. However, the existence and the possible role of such waves in communication in biology remains unexplored. Here we report the first observations of 2D solitary elastic pulses in lipid interfaces, excited mechanically and detected by FRET. We demonstrate that the nonlinearity near a maximum in the susceptibility of the lipid monolayer results in solitary pulses that also have a threshold for excitation. These experiments clearly demonstrate that the state of the interface regulates the propagation of pulses both qualitatively and quantitatively. We elaborate on the striking similarity of the observed phenomenon to nerve pulse propagation and a thermodynamic basis of cell signaling in general.

  7. Electron Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal hole for obliquely propagating solitary kinetic Alfvén waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, M.-H.; Dokgo, K.; Yoon, Peter H.; Lee, D.-Y.; Choi, Cheong R.

    2017-04-01

    A possible formation of an electron hole structure associated with an obliquely propagating solitary kinetic Alfvén wave (SKAW) in a strongly magnetized plasma is discussed. It is found that transverse electric field along the magnetic field plays a key role in the electron phase space hole formation. Owing to the presence of trapped electrons, SKAW can propagate in both super-Alfvénic and sub-Alfvénic regimes with different spatial structures. In particular, in the sub-Alfvénic case, the density perturbation possesses a dip at the center accompanied by a pair of humps at the edges. Such a feature may be relevant to satellite observation of solitary structures in the Earth's geomagnetic tail region.

  8. PIC simulation of compressive and rarefactive dust ion-acoustic solitary waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhong-Zheng; Zhang, Heng; Hong, Xue-Ren; Gao, Dong-Ning; Zhang, Jie; Duan, Wen-Shan; Yang, Lei

    2016-08-01

    The nonlinear propagations of dust ion-acoustic solitary waves in a collisionless four-component unmagnetized dusty plasma system containing nonextensive electrons, inertial negative ions, Maxwellian positive ions, and negatively charged static dust grains have been investigated by the particle-in-cell method. By comparing the simulation results with those obtained from the traditional reductive perturbation method, it is observed that the rarefactive KdV solitons propagate stably at a low amplitude, and when the amplitude is increased, the prime wave form evolves and then gradually breaks into several small amplitude solitary waves near the tail of soliton structure. The compressive KdV solitons propagate unstably and oscillation arises near the tail of soliton structure. The finite amplitude rarefactive and compressive Gardner solitons seem to propagate stably.

  9. Cytological diagnosis of solitary plasmacytoma of the skull: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Banyameen Iqbal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary plasmacytoma (SPC of the skull (SPS is rare, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature so far. Plasmacytoma of the skull has a wide spectrum of pathology, including a quite benign, SPC, and an extremely malignant, multiple myeloma at the two ends of the spectrum. SPC of bone including SPS is characterized by a radiologically solitary bone lesion, neoplastic plasma cells in the biopsy specimen, fewer than 5% plasma cells in bone marrow, <2.0 g/dl monoclonal protein in the serum when present and negative urine test for Bence Jones protein (monoclonal light chain. For diagnosing, a comprehensive examination and analysis, which includes radiological examination, immunoglobulin, biochemistry, test for Bence Jones protein in the urine and bone marrow is needed.

  10. Heavy-ion-acoustic solitary and shock waves in an adiabatic multi-ion plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hossen, M.A.; Rahman, M.M.; Mamun, A.A., E-mail: armanplasma@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka (Bangladesh); Hossen, M.R. [Department of Natural Sciences, Daffodil International University, Dhanmondi, Dhaka (Bangladesh)

    2015-08-15

    The standard reductive perturbation method has been employed to derive the Korteweg-deVries (K-dV) and Burgers (BG) equations to investigate the basic properties of heavy-ion-acoustic (HIA) waves in a plasma system which is supposed to be composed of nonthermal electrons, Boltzmann distributed light ions, and adiabatic positively charged inertial heavy ions. The HIA solitary and shock structures are found to exist with either positive or negative potential. It is found that the effects of adiabaticity of inertial heavy ions, nonthermality of electrons, and number densities of plasma components significantly modify the basic properties of the HIA solitary and shock waves. The implications of our results may be helpful in understanding the electrostatic perturbations in various laboratory and astrophysical plasma environments. (author)

  11. Constructing and predicting solitary pattern solutions for nonlinear time-fractional dispersive partial differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arqub, Omar Abu; El-Ajou, Ahmad; Momani, Shaher

    2015-07-01

    Building fractional mathematical models for specific phenomena and developing numerical or analytical solutions for these fractional mathematical models are crucial issues in mathematics, physics, and engineering. In this work, a new analytical technique for constructing and predicting solitary pattern solutions of time-fractional dispersive partial differential equations is proposed based on the generalized Taylor series formula and residual error function. The new approach provides solutions in the form of a rapidly convergent series with easily computable components using symbolic computation software. For method evaluation and validation, the proposed technique was applied to three different models and compared with some of the well-known methods. The resultant simulations clearly demonstrate the superiority and potentiality of the proposed technique in terms of the quality performance and accuracy of substructure preservation in the construct, as well as the prediction of solitary pattern solutions for time-fractional dispersive partial differential equations.

  12. The effect of stochastic perturbations on plankton transport by internal solitary waves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Stastna

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Internal solitary and solitary-like waves are a commonly observed feature of density stratified natural waters, including lakes and the coastal ocean. Since such waves induce significant currents throughout the water column they can be responsible for significant transport of both passive and swimming biota. We consider simple models of moving zooplankton based on the Langevin equation. The small amplitude randomness significantly alters the nature of particle motion. In particular, passage through the wave leads to strongly non Gaussian particle distributions. When the plankton swims to return to its equilibrium photic level, a steady state that balances randomness, swimming and wave-induced motions is possible. We discuss possible implications of this steady state for organisms that feed on plankton.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma of the penis: Report of the first case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellani, Daniele; Sebastiani, Giancarlo; Maurelli, Simone; Andrisano, Alessandro; Mazzone, Luigi; Feroce, Antonio; Primi, Francesca; Verrico, Giovanna; Rizzotto, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an uncommon perivascular tumor, first described in 1942, occurring most frequently in the extremities (pelvis, meninges, head and neck), and rarely affecting the urogenital system. In 1870, Wagner published the first histological description of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT) of the pleura. It is now thought that the majority of lesions previously called hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are essentially indistinguishable from solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). Nowadays, the new WHO classification of soft tissue tumors categorizes most HPCs as SFTs. We report the first case of penile SFT-HPC in a 44-year-old man, presenting with a 3-year history of slow-growing penile mass. The patient underwent a tumor excision. Six months after surgery he is free of local recurrence and distant metastasis.

  14. Single and multi-solitary wave solutions to a class of nonlinear evolution equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Deng-Shan; Li, Hongbo

    2008-07-01

    In this paper, an effective discrimination algorithm is presented to deal with equations arising from physical problems. The aim of the algorithm is to discriminate and derive the single traveling wave solutions of a large class of nonlinear evolution equations. Many examples are given to illustrate the algorithm. At the same time, some factorization technique are presented to construct the traveling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations, such as Camassa-Holm equation, Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation, and so on. Then a direct constructive method called multi-auxiliary equations expansion method is described to derive the multi-solitary wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations. Finally, a class of novel multi-solitary wave solutions of the (2+1)-dimensional asymmetric version of the Nizhnik-Novikov-Veselov equation are given by three direct methods. The algorithm proposed in this paper can be steadily applied to some other nonlinear problems.

  15. Fat-forming variant of solitary fibrous tumor of the mediastinum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xi; ZHANG Hong-ying; BU Hong; MENG Guo-zhao; ZHANG Zhang; KE Qi

    2007-01-01

    @@ Fat-forming variant of solitary fibrous tumor (fat-forming variant of SFT), previously called lipomatous hemangiopericytoma (L-HPC), is a recently recognized rare variant of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT)with unpredictable biologic behavior. Fat-forming variant of SFT occurs predominately in the deep soft tissues of the lower extremities. Histologically, it is composed of an admixture of benign hemangiopericytomatous and lipomatous components. Up to now, only 37 cases have been reported in the English literature worldwide1-7 and the molecular analyses are sparse. Reported herein is the first Chinese case of fat-forming variant of SFT. Although one case of fat-forming variant of SFT in the mediastinum was briefly reported, this is the first case in the region with detailed histologic, immunohistochemical features and flow cytometric DNA analysis.

  16. BILATERAL TUMORS AND TUMORS IN A SOLITARY FUNCTIONING KIDNEY IN COMBINATION WITH CONTRALATERAL NEO-CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Kh. Galeev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of kidney cancer is 2–3 % of all malignancies and tends to rise. If the problems of treatment in patients with a renal tumor and a normally functioning contralateral kidney have mainly been solved, how to treat patients with bilateral tumors and a tumor in a solitary functioning kidney continues to be discussed. In particular, the limited decrease in renal function of the remaining kidney in a patient after nephrectomy, whose achievement does not require renal replacement therapy, has not been conclusively defined; what part of a solitary kidney with tumors will be able to maintain a good quality of life in the patient, without doing hemodyalisis, has not been elucidated either.

  17. Osteoid Osteoma Presenting as a Painful Solitary Skull Lesion: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeed Ahmadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osteomas are asymptomatic and rare slow growing bony tumors in temporal bone, and should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic solitary skull lesions. Sometimes is associated with pain and functional loss. Only a few cases have been reported.   Case Report: We describe a case of an osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone (mastoid in a 31-year-old woman presenting as painful solitary tumor of calvarium and its management. The resection of whole bony tumor was performed using the retroauricular approach. Pathologic evaluation revealed the osteoid osteoma.    Conclusion: Although osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone is rare, it should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic skull lesions. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic osteomas or cosmetic reasons. 

  18. Solitary, explosive and rational solutions for nonlinear electron-acoustic waves with non-thermal electrons

    CERN Document Server

    El-Wakil, S A; Abd-El-Hamid, H M; Abulwafa, E M

    2010-01-01

    A rigorous theoretical investigation has been made on electron acoustic wave propagating in unmagnetized collisionless plasma consisting of a cold electron fluid, non-thermal hot electrons and stationary ions. Based on the pseudo-potential approach, large amplitude potential structures and the existence of solitary waves are discussed. The reductive perturbation method has been employed to derive the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation for small but finite amplitude electrostatic waves. An algebraic method with computerized symbolic computation, which greatly exceeds the applicability of the existing tanh, extended tanh methods in obtaining a series of exact solutions of the KdV equation. Numerical studies have been made using plasma parameters close to those values corresponding to the dayside auroral zone reveals different solutions i.e., bell-shaped solitary pulses, rational pulses and solutions with singularity at a finite points which called blowup solutions in addition to the propagation of an explosive pu...

  19. Electron acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized plasma with nonthermal electrons and an electron beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, S. V.; Devanandhan, S.; Lakhina, G. S.; Bharuthram, R.

    2016-08-01

    A theoretical investigation is carried out to study the obliquely propagating electron acoustic solitary waves having nonthermal hot electrons, cold and beam electrons, and ions in a magnetized plasma. We have employed reductive perturbation theory to derive the Korteweg-de-Vries-Zakharov-Kuznetsov (KdV-ZK) equation describing the nonlinear evolution of these waves. The two-dimensional plane wave solution of KdV-ZK equation is analyzed to study the effects of nonthermal and beam electrons on the characteristics of the solitons. Theoretical results predict negative potential solitary structures. We emphasize that the inclusion of finite temperature effects reduces the soliton amplitudes and the width of the solitons increases by an increase in the obliquity of the wave propagation. The numerical analysis is presented for the parameters corresponding to the observations of "burst a" event by Viking satellite on the auroral field lines.

  20. Solitary mediastinal lymph node recurrence after curative resection of colon cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yasuhiro; Matsuda; Masahiko; Yano; Norikatsu; Miyoshi; Shingo; Noura; Masayuki; Ohue; Keijiro; Sugimura; Masaaki; Motoori; Kentaro; Kishi; Yoshiyuki; Fujiwara; Kunihito; Gotoh; Shigeru; Marubashi; Hirofumi; Akita; Hidenori; Takahashi; Masato; Sakon

    2014-01-01

    We report two cases of solitary mediastinal lymph node recurrence after colon cancer resection. Both cases had para-aortic lymph node metastasis at the time of initial surgery and received adjuvant chemotherapy for 4 years in case 1 and 18 mo in case 2. The time to recurrence was more than 8 years in both cases. After resection of the recurrent tumor, the patient is doing well with no recurrence for 6 years in case 1 and 4 mo in case 2. Patients should be followed up after colon cancer surgery considering the possibility of solitary mediastinal lymph node recurrence if they had para-aortic node metastasis at the time of initial surgery.

  1. Estimating species richness and status of solitary bees and bumblebees in agricultural semi-natural habitats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Calabuig, Isabel

    2000-01-01

    75 years, and nothing is known about which species are potentially vulnerable or endangered. A rough estimate of solitary bees and bumblebees includes approximately 238 species (26 genera) and 29 species respectively. In a pan-trap survey of six kilometres of semi-natural habitats in a Danish...... agricultural landscape, 72 solitary bee species and 19 species of bumblebees were recorded, several of which are considered vulnerable or endangered in neighbouring countries. Nesting conditions for rare cavity-nesting species and the possible role of the semi-natural habitats as corridors for species......Estimation of Western Europe number of bee species varies between 2000 and 4500 (Williams 1995) but there are substantial indications of a decline in bee species in Europe and other regions. In Denmark, wild bee species richness, distribution, and abundance have not been studied in detail for about...

  2. Solitary waves of α-helix propagation in media with arbitrary inhomogeneities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mvogo, Alain; Ben-Bolie, Germain Hubert; Kofané, Timoléon Crépin

    2013-05-01

    We study the dynamics of solitary waves in α-helical proteins going beyond the standard nearest-neighbour interaction by taking into account influence long-range dipole-dipole interactions of the Kac-Baker type. By means of the coherent state representation of operators, the model Hamiltonian is transformed into a pair of classical lattice equations, which is further reduced to a sole nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation using the continuum approximation of which the dispersive coefficient depends on the long-range interactions (LRI) parameter. It comes out from our results that the bright-like solitons, solitary waves which govern the energy transfer in α-helix, are deeply influenced by the LRI. At the end, we transform the NLS equation for more currently-important inhomogeneous NLS models in media with inhomogeneities. Application of this transformation to two example models is illustrated and soliton-like solutions are also graphically discussed.

  3. A solitary mastocytoma presenting with urticaria and angioedema in a 14-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Karthik R; Ownby, Dennis R

    2010-01-01

    Urticaria with angioedema is a common clinical presentation that often poses a challenge for allergists. The differential diagnosis for urticaria is broad, making the evaluation and pinpointing the underlying cause difficult and frustrating for both families and physicians. Certain causes of urticaria such as infections or medications are more common and easier to identify whereas less frequently seen conditions are often overlooked because of their rarity. One such condition is mastocytosis. Mastocytosis is a rare disease that very seldom presents with urticaria but may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not recognized in a timely manner. We are presenting a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with urticaria and angioedema possibly caused by a solitary mastocytoma. The learning points from this case are that mastocytosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of urticaria and solitary mastocytomas may remain active into adolescence, raising concern for systemic progression.

  4. Parasites and marine invasions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torchin, M.E.; Lafferty, K.D.; Kuris, A.M.

    2002-01-01

    Introduced marine species are a major environmental and economic problem. The rate of these biological invasions has substantially increased in recent years due to the globalization of the world's economies. The damage caused by invasive species is often a result of the higher densities and larger sizes they attain compared to where they are native. A prominent hypothesis explaining the success of introduced species is that they are relatively free of the effects of natural enemies. Most notably, they may encounter fewer parasites in their introduced range compared to their native range. Parasites are ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, yet their role in marine invasions is relatively unexplored. Although data on parasites of marine organisms exist, the extent to which parasites can mediate marine invasions, or the extent to which invasive parasites and pathogens are responsible for infecting or potentially decimating native marine species have not been examined. In this review, we present a theoretical framework to model invasion success and examine the evidence for a relationship between parasite presence and the success of introduced marine species. For this, we compare the prevalence and species richness of parasites in several introduced populations of marine species with populations where they are native. We also discuss the potential impacts of introduced marine parasites on native ecosystems.

  5. On Global attraction to solitary waves for Klein-Gordon equation with concentrated nonlinearity

    OpenAIRE

    Kopylova, Elena

    2016-01-01

    The global attraction is proved for the nonlinear 3D Klein-Gordon equation with a nonlinearity concentrated at one point. Our main result is the convergence of each "finite energy solution" to the manifold of all solitary waves as $t\\to\\pm\\infty$. This global attraction is caused by the nonlinear energy transfer from lower harmonics to the continuous spectrum and subsequent dispersion radiation. We justify this mechanism by the following strategy based on inflation of spectrum by the nonlinea...

  6. Trophic significance of solitary cells of the prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis globosa depends on cell type

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutz, Jörg; Koski, Marja

    2006-01-01

    experiments, revealed that neither the production of transparent exopolymer particles and chitinous threads nor toxicity can explain the observed response. The cohesion of the threads into pentagonal stars was observed only in the avoided mesoflagellate and might cause a mechanical hindrance for the ingestion...... of mesoflagellates. Our results suggest that grazing loss and trophic transfer efficiency might be overestimated when solitary cells are treated as a single functional group with regard to their trophic position....

  7. On the generation and evolution of internal solitary waves in the southern Red Sea

    KAUST Repository

    Guo, Daquan

    2015-04-01

    Satellite observations recently revealed the existence of trains of internal solitary waves in the southern Red Sea between 16.0°N and 16.5°N, propagating from the centre of the domain toward the continental shelf [Da silva et al., 2012]. Given the relatively weak tidal velocity in this area and their generation in the central of the domain, Da Silva suggested three possible mechanisms behind the generation of the waves, namely Resonance and disintegration of interfacial tides, Generation of interfacial tides by impinging, remotely generated internal tidal beams and for geometrically focused and amplified internal tidal beams. Tide analysis based on tide stations data and barotropic tide model in the Red Sea shows that tide is indeed very weak in the centre part of the Red Sea, but it is relatively strong in the northern and southern parts (reaching up to 66 cm/s). Together with extreme steep slopes along the deep trench, it provides favourable conditions for the generation of internal solitary in the southern Red Sea. To investigate the generation mechanisms and study the evolution of the internal waves in the off-shelf region of the southern Red Sea we have implemented a 2-D, high-resolution and non-hydrostatic configuration of the MIT general circulation model (MITgcm). Our simulations reproduce well that the generation process of the internal solitary waves. Analysis of the model\\'s output suggests that the interaction between the topography and tidal flow with the nonlinear effect is the main mechanism behind the generation of the internal solitary waves. Sensitivity experiments suggest that neither tidal beam nor the resonance effect of the topography is important factor in this process.

  8. Microarray-based transcriptomic analysis of differences between long-term gregarious and solitarious desert locusts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liesbeth Badisco

    Full Text Available Desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria show an extreme form of phenotypic plasticity and can transform between a cryptic solitarious phase and a swarming gregarious phase. The two phases differ extensively in behavior, morphology and physiology but very little is known about the molecular basis of these differences. We used our recently generated Expressed Sequence Tag (EST database derived from S. gregaria central nervous system (CNS to design oligonucleotide microarrays and compare the expression of thousands of genes in the CNS of long-term gregarious and solitarious adult desert locusts. This identified 214 differentially expressed genes, of which 40% have been annotated to date. These include genes encoding proteins that are associated with CNS development and modeling, sensory perception, stress response and resistance, and fundamental cellular processes. Our microarray analysis has identified genes whose altered expression may enable locusts of either phase to deal with the different challenges they face. Genes for heat shock proteins and proteins which confer protection from infection were upregulated in gregarious locusts, which may allow them to respond to acute physiological challenges. By contrast the longer-lived solitarious locusts appear to be more strongly protected from the slowly accumulating effects of ageing by an upregulation of genes related to anti-oxidant systems, detoxification and anabolic renewal. Gregarious locusts also had a greater abundance of transcripts for proteins involved in sensory processing and in nervous system development and plasticity. Gregarious locusts live in a more complex sensory environment than solitarious locusts and may require a greater turnover of proteins involved in sensory transduction, and possibly greater neuronal plasticity.

  9. Solitary and compacton solutions of fractional KdV-like equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang Bo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, based on Jumarie’s modified Riemann-Liouville derivative, we apply the fractional variational iteration method using He’s polynomials to obtain solitary and compacton solutions of fractional KdV-like equations. The results show that the proposed method provides a very effective and reliable tool for solving fractional KdV-like equations, and the method can also be extended to many other fractional partial differential equations.

  10. On asymmetric generalized solitary gravity-capillary waves in finite depth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, T; Wang, Z; Vanden-Broeck, J-M

    2016-10-01

    Generalized solitary waves propagating at the surface of a fluid of finite depth are considered. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid and incompressible and the flow to be irrotational. Both the effects of gravity and surface tension are included. It is shown that in addition to the classical symmetric waves, there are new asymmetric solutions. These new branches of solutions bifurcate from the branches of symmetric waves. The detailed bifurcation diagrams as well as typical wave profiles are presented.

  11. Identification and determination of solitary wave structures in nonlinear wave propagation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newman, W.I.; Campbell, D.K.; Hyman, J.M.

    1991-01-01

    Nonlinear wave phenomena are characterized by the appearance of solitary wave coherent structures'' traveling at speeds determined by their amplitudes and morphologies. Assuming that these structures are briefly noninteracting, we propose a method for the identification of the number of independent features and their respective speeds. Using data generated from an exact two-soliton solution to the Korteweg-de-Vries equation, we test the method and discuss its strengths and limitations. 41 refs., 2 figs.

  12. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brody, Stuart; Fischer, Agneta H; Hess, Ursula

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results are discussed in terms of differences between different sexual behaviors, as well as susceptibility to reinforcement, and psychoanalytic views of conversion hysteria.

  13. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome presenting as polypoid mass lesions in a young girl

    OpenAIRE

    Saadah, Omar I; Al-Hubayshi, Maram S; Ghanem, Ahmad T

    2010-01-01

    Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a rare condition in children. We report a case of SRUS in an 8-year old Saudi girl who presented with recurrent rectal bleeding, intermittent mucosal prolapse, and passage of mucus per rectum. Colonoscopy revealed multiple polypoid mass lesions with histopathological features of SRUS. The polypoid variant of SRUS is very rare in children and may be confused with rectal malignant or inflammatory conditions.

  14. Possibilities of differentiation of solitary focal liver lesions by computed tomography perfusion

    OpenAIRE

    Irmina Sefić Pašić; Anes Pašić; Spomenka Kristić; Adnan Beganović; Aladin Čarovac; Amra Dzananovic; Lidija Lincender; Sandra Vegar Zubović

    2015-01-01

    Aim To evaluate possibilities of computed tomography (CT) perfusion in differentiation of solitary focal liver lesions based on their characteristic vascularization through perfusion parameters analysis. Methods Prospective study was conducted on 50 patients in the period 2009-2012. Patients were divided in two groups: benign and malignant lesions. The following CT perfusion parameters were analyzed: blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT), capillary permeability surfa...

  15. Right-sided Bochdalek Hernia Presenting as a Solitary Pulmonary Nodule

    OpenAIRE

    Katsenos, Stamatis; Kokkonouzis, Ioannis; Lachanis, Stefanos; Psathakis, Kostas

    2015-01-01

    Bochdalek hernia is a well-known disorder, which represents visceral herniation through a posterior diaphragmatic defect. In this report we present an adult man with a right-sided Bochdalek hernia mimicking a solitary pulmonary nodule. Furthermore, we perform a brief review of the literature, with emphasis on novel imaging techniques that establish the diagnosis. In conclusion, Bochdalek hernia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a posterior diaphragmatic or paraspinal opaci...

  16. Cystic solitary fibrous tumor arising from the left occipital meninges: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Bae Geun; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Cha, Soon Joo; Hur, Gham; Kim, Yong Hoon; Kim, Su Young; Seo, Jung Wook; Lee, Ji Young; Kim, Han Seung [Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University, School of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-02-15

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm of a spindle-cell origin, and it usually involves the pleura. It's occurrence in various organs of the body has recently been described. Meningeal SFT is very rare. Radiologically, it is a strongly enhancing solid mass and is undistinguishable from fibrous meningioma and hemangiopericytoma. Yet we report here on a case of SFT with massive cystic degeneration that arose from the meninges of the left occipital region.

  17. Formation of Vector Solitary waves with Mixed Dispersion in Bose-Einstein Condensates

    OpenAIRE

    Plaja, L.; Roman, J. San

    2005-01-01

    We demonstrate the existence of a new class of two-component vector solitary waves in which dispersion coefficients have of opposite signs. Stability is achieved by inclusion of an additional linear coupling between the vector components that counterbalances the instability produced by the mixed dispersion and the non-linearity. In addition, we demonstrate that these solutions are experimentally observable as gap vector solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates located in oscillating optical latt...

  18. Vaporization front in the interaction of a high-energy laser with aerosols - A solitary wave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, C. T.; Miller, T. G.

    1982-06-01

    If a high-energy laser beam were to propagate through highly absorbent aerosols, the aerosols might be subject to extinction by evaporation. This could occur, for instance, if a high-energy CO2 laser beam were to propagate through a medium containing a mist of water droplets. The incident energy would evaporate the droplets, thus increasing the transmission with time. In this paper, solitary waves are obtained as the asymptotic solution to the coupled nonlinear equations describing such an interaction.

  19. Chronological study for solitary bone metastasis in the sternum from breast cancer with bone scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyoshi, Hidenao; Otsuka, Nobuaki; Sone, Teruki; Nagai, Kiyohisa; Tamada, Tsutomu; Mimura, Hiroaki; Yanagimoto, Shinichi; Tomomitsu, Tatsushi; Fukunaga, Masao [Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan)

    1999-07-01

    Since breast cancer is frequently associated with bone metastasis, bone scintigraphies have been performed to determine pre-operative staging and to survey postoperative bone metastasis. The sternum, in particular, is a site at which is difficult to differentiate between benign bone disease and bone metastasis, because of varied uptake and wide individual variations. In this study, chronological bone images were scintigraphied in six cases with solitary sternal metastasis and three cases with benign bone disease including two fracture cases and one arthritis case. On bone scintigrams in which solitary sternal metastasis appeared, increased uptake was found in five cases, and photon deficiency was observed in one case. During follow-up scintigraphies, abnormal accumulations, such as hot spots and cold lesions, increased in the bone metastasis while abnormal uptake disappeared or was unchanged in the benign bone disease cases. On CT, four cases showed osteolytic change, and one exhibited osteosclerotic change. These findings indicate that sternal metastasis usually shows osteolytic change, even if a hot lesion is recognized on bone scintigraphy. In solitary sternal metastasis, for which early diagnosis is difficult, both an integrated diagnosis using other imaging techniques and chronological bone scintigraphy are important. (author)

  20. Debye-scale solitary structures measured in a beam-plasma laboratory experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Lefebvre

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solitary electrostatic pulses have been observed in numerous places of the magnetosphere such as the vicinity of reconnection current sheets, shocks or auroral current systems, and are often thought to be generated by energetic electron beams. We present results of a series of experiments conducted at the UCLA large plasma device (LAPD where a suprathermal electron beam was injected parallel to a static magnetic field. Micro-probes with tips smaller than a Debye length enabled the detection of solitary pulses with positive electric potential and half-widths 4–25 Debye lengths (λDe, over a set of experiments with various beam energies, plasma densities and magnetic field strengths. The shape, scales and amplitudes of the structures are similar to those observed in space, and consistent with electron holes. The dependance of these properties on the experimental parameters is shown. The velocities of the solitary structures (1–3 background electron thermal velocities are found to be much lower than the beam velocities, suggesting an excitation mechanism driven by parallel currents associated to the electron beam.