WorldWideScience

Sample records for non-governmental organizations ngos

  1. Metaphors of Teacher Candidates' Regarding the Concept of "Non-Governmental Organizations" (NGOs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selanik-Ay, Tugba

    2016-01-01

    In this study, a learning area in social studies curriculum called "Groups, institutions and social organizations" was used. It can be seen that an important role for teachers in a social studies programme is to benefit from non-governmental organizations. The aim of this study is to investigate primary school teacher candidates' social…

  2. Ethical self-regulation systems for Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Aguiló

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the theoretical results of a study focusing on self-regulatory systems as the evaluative approach to the ethical performance of NGOs. Its aim is to analyse the current self-regulatory systems in NGOs in order to report their scope, identify the evaluative dimensions and variables used, and clarify their role in relation to other strategies and other apparently similar resources, such as quality control systems. From the literature survey and content analysis of the major databases and institutional documents of authors and managers of various self-regulatory systems, the current practices are described, compared and analysed. The results lead us to conclude that through self-regulation, primarily codes of conduct and certifications of good practices, a growing number of organizations are developing standards and shared rules of conduct to address and channel the emerging demand for transparency and accountability to their stakeholders. However, there is great disparity in the way they are used, along with their geographical distribution and content. Finally, we offer an integrative proposal of the different variables used to evaluate ethical management in the leading certification systems analysed.

  3. Collaboration between Government and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs in Delivering Curative Health Services in North Darfur State, Sudan- a National Report.

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    Abdallah I A Yagub

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available North Darfur State has been affected by conflict since 2003 and the government has not been able to provide adequate curative health services to the people. The government has come to rely on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs to provide curative health services. This study was conducted to examine the existing collaboration between government and NGOs in curative health service delivery in North Darfur State, and to identify the challenges that affect their collaboration.Documentary data were collected from government offices and medical organizations. Primary data were obtained through interviews with government and NGOs representatives. The interviews were conducted with (1 expatriates working for international NGOs (N=15 and (2, health professionals and administrators working in the health sector (N= 45.The collaboration between the government and NGOs has been very weak because of security issues and lack of trust. The NGOs collaborate by providing human and financial resources, material and equipment, and communication facilities. The NGOs supply 70% of curative health services, and contribute 52.9% of the health budget in North Darfur State. The NGOs have employed 1 390 health personnel, established 44 health centres and manage and support 83 health facilities across the State.The NGOs have played a positive role in collaborating with the government in North Darfur State in delivering curative health services, while government's role has been negative. The problem that faces the government in future is how health facilities will be run should a peaceful settlement be reached and NGOs leave the region.

  4. Contextual influences on safer sex negotiation among female sex workers (FSWs) in Hong Kong: the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), FSWs' managers, and clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Shannon S Y; Mak, Winnie W S

    2010-05-01

    Despite social-cognitive interventions to increase safer sex awareness, condom use among female sex workers (FSWs) continued to be inconsistent. To account for the possible influences of contextual factors that may hinder or promote FSWs' safer sex negotiation and condom use, the present study examined the effects of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), FSWs' managers, and clients on FSWs' negotiation efficacy and condom-use efficacy, and the effects of efficacy on condom use. One hundred and nineteen FSWs in Hong Kong completed a questionnaire that focused on their perceived influences of NGOs, managers, and clients toward safer sex negotiation and condom use. Hierarchical regression results showed that whereas NGOs' influence and clients' support were positively related to negotiation self-efficacy, managers' pressure, and clients' pressure were negatively related to negotiation self-efficacy. Managers' pressure was negatively related to condom-use self-efficacy. Logistic regression results showed that FSWs with high condom-use self-efficacy was 24 times more likely to use condom in the previous six months than their counterparts. The present study indicated the importance of social contexts in affecting FSWs' safer sex negotiation and condom-use self-efficacy. Implications on preventive programs for FSWs, managers, and clients were discussed.

  5. Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Agriculture and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Agriculture and Development in Rivers State, Nigeria. ... Subscription or Fee Access ... by State Governments in Nigeria towards the transformation of the rural sectors. But the ... The masses need to be fully aware of the gains they will derive by supporting the activities of NGOs.

  6. Marketing management tools of funding and promotion services of non-governmental organizations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    N.V. Kotenko; S.G. Serdiuk; A.V. Saltykova

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is the analysis of main marketing components formation for non-governmental organizations and researching the advantages of using modern Internet marketing tools for NGOs...

  7. THE PERFORMANCE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

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    Nicoleta Ciucescu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Operation of NGOs is dependent on the correct identification of the needs in the community and their ability to attract the necessary funds to cover them. Non-profit organizations interest to performance measuring and fulfilling the objectives has increased lately, this it become an essential element for the survival of the organization. The main reasons that underlie the increasing interest are: increasing the number of new organizations; increasing the budgetary reductions; the decrease in the number of donors; increasing the challenges arising from the multiplicity of social cases. In addition, the majority of the stakeholders associated with the NGOs want to know if the programs or services they claim have a prominent and positive impact on the community. Such organizations felt the need to demonstrate the effectiveness of the programs they provide and the correctness of using the funds are made available. The article intends to present the issues related to the concept of performance for NGOs, to clarify the content of each performance categories, namely economic performance, managerial performance and social performance.

  8. Non-Governmental Organizations in Africa: The Leonenet Street Children Project in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, Samuel

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide snapshots of observations, interventions, and processes in the day to day working of a child charity in Sierra Leone. There were 114 local and 49 overseas funded Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Sierra Leone in 2002. The Leonenet Street Children Project was founded in 1996 by the membership of the…

  9. A Conceptual Model for Supporting Para-Teacher Learning in an Indian Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raval, Harini; McKenney, Susan; Pieters, Jules

    2010-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are being recognized globally for their influential role in realizing the UN Millennium Development Goal of education for all in developing countries. NGOs mostly employ untrained para-educators for grassroots activities. The professional development of these teachers is critical for NGO effectiveness, yet…

  10. The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of ... in the null form: the involvement of Non-governmental Organizations in sexual ... To test these hypotheses the Pearson product moment correlation analysis was used.

  11. Marketing management tools of funding and promotion services of non-governmental organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Kotenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is the analysis of main marketing components formation for non-governmental organizations and researching the advantages of using modern Internet marketing tools for NGOs in terms of the current economic. The results of the analysis. The analysis of main marketing components for non-governmental organizations and systematization of the known Internet marketing tools were made. The article examines the concept of non-governmental organization and defines the problems of NGOs functioning, which can be solved with the help of a competent marketing plan. Traditional marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing and promotion and distribution of ideas, goods and services to create exchanges that satisfy the individual and organizational objectives. The concept of social/public marketing aims to raise awareness about important issues our society. Authors research such traditional marketing components for NGOs, as the product, stuff, price, advertising (promotion and place of service. The «product» of NGOs can be considered as «changed human life» like the help for sick people, improving the ecological environment, solving problems for particular social groups and more. Most of non-governmental organizations have stuff, whose work is paid and volunteer, whom working on a voluntary basis. As donors pay all related costs of their implementation, most NGOs provide their services free of charge, but also writing the project for implementing NGOs products/services required the budgeting on the basis of prices for NGOs services. Place of service for non-governmental organizations are limited to three scenarios: own premises, premises partners or the location of the target groups (customers. The most common promoting instruments for NGO are personal customer advice and recommendations of partner organizations or public bodies. Successful functioning of non-governmental

  12. Chapter 3: International non-governmental organizations in the emerging world society: the example of ISPRM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, Jan D; von Groote, Per M; DeLisa, Joel A; Melvin, John L; Bickenbach, Jerome E; Li, Leonard S W; Stucki, Gerold

    2009-09-01

    Using the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) as a case in point, the paper describes the complex world societal situation within which non-governmental organizations that address health issues have to operate.This paper describes the complex world societal situation within which non-governmental organizations (NGOs), that are addressing health issues have to operate. In particular, as an international organization in official relation with the World Health Organization (WHO), ISPRM is confronted with a variety of responsibilities and a true world health political mandate. The accompanying rights need to be played out in relation to its own internal member organization and external allies. The theory of the world society and the current situation are briefly reviewed. The role of international NGOs within the world health polity, rehabilitation and Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) is highlighted, whilst special emphasis is placed on NGOs in official relation with WHO. Functions, dysfunctions and challenges of international NGOs operating in the health sector are discussed. Against this background, key approaches to enhance ISPRM's political role are analysed. These include transparent and accountable development of the organization, the differentiation between internal and external policy relations, the harmonization of organizational structures and procedures, the consequential use of political structures available to influence WHO's agenda, and the identification of other policy players of major relevance to PRM in order to build strategic alliances with external partners and to enhance ISPRM's membership base.

  13. Non-governmental organizations and KM: A human centric approach

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    Iftikhar Hussain

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations need to manage their knowledge similarly to for-profit organizations. Although for effective KM a technology, people, task, and structure – integrated approach is required. However, there is a strong imperative to develop people capabilities within Non-governmental organizations in order to meet the challenges of economic, social and environmental development. Therefore, in this study we have particularly examined the impact of human resources on KM effectiveness in the nonprofit industry. The study deals with three major research questions: (1 Does the level of human resources’ knowledge have a positive influence on a Non-governmental organization’s KM capabilities? (2 Does a Non-governmental organization’s KM capability positively influence its knowledge processing capability? (3 Does a Non-governmental organization’s knowledge processing capability positively influence its performance? Further, the study aims to investigate human resource management related issues in KM implementation in nonprofit industry, and attempts to provide appropriate solutions. Finally, the study proposed a KM model for nonprofit industry.

  14. THE ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AS A CHANGE PROMOTER WITHIN EUROPEAN POLICIES

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    Carmen Claudia ARUSTEI

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the non-governmental organization (NGO in implementing specific activities and priorities of European policies increases continuously because of the new environment requirements. Through a qualitative research, our study aims to highlight the catalysts and the main constraints in operationalizing the European policies involving the civil sector. Our approach is integrative and nontheless sequential and it is based on a multi-player model with the identification of the role and types of actions specific to each party involved. A temporal comparative analysis is also made by highlighting the evolution in time of the strategic pillars, the constraints and problems specific to the NGOs. The conclusions of our study are going towards pro-active measures: a fair placement considering the role of NGOs within implementing European policies considering the fact that they can offer consistent support and can undertake innovative actions that generate benefits for the society, community and the organization itself.

  15. Chinese non-governmental organizations involved in HIV/AIDS prevention and control: Intra-organizational social capital as a new analytical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Danni; Mei, Guangliang; Xu, Xiaoru; Zhao, Ran; Ma, Ying; Chen, Ren; Qin, Xia; Hu, Zhi

    2016-11-15

    HIV/AIDS is a major public health and social problem worldwide, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played an irreplaceable role in HIV/AIDS prevention and control. At the present time, however, NGOs have not fully participated in HIV/AIDS prevention and control in China. As an emerging focus on international academic inquiry, social capital can provide a new perspective from which to promote the growth of NGOs. The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recommends creating regional policies tailored to multiple and varying epidemics of HIV/AIDS. In order to provide evidence to policymakers, this paper described the basic information on NGOs and their shortage of social capital. This paper also compared the actual NGOs to "government-organized non-governmental organizations" (GONGOs). Results indicated that i) Chinese NGOs working on HIV/AIDS are short of funding and core members. GONGOs received more funding, had more core members, and built more capacity building than actual NGOs; ii) Almost half of the NGOs had a low level of trust and lacked a shared vision, networks, and support. The staff of GONGOs received more support from their organization than the staff of actual NGOs. Existing intra-organizational social capital among the staff of NGOs should be increased. Capacity building and policymaking should differentiate between actual NGOs and GONGOs. The relationship between social capital and organizational performance is a topic for further study.

  16. Environmental non-governmental organizations – The actions of civil society in Curitiba and Metropolitan Area

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    Cleusa Mara WOLSKY CARNEIRO

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims at achieving a diagnosis of the major actions of the environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs that actuate in Curitiba and Metropolitan Area. It also studies the relations established by these organizations to build a place socially fair and environmental sustainable. In order to do that the main activities of these organizations in the last decades were raised through interviews with their representatives, visitations to the central office and verification of the institutional documents available. The paper explains that the NGOs search to make actions that raise a sustainable model of development, since they understand that the State reduced the participation in this sector and that the people gave them power for it. To achieve so, they need to create a net of relationships between the community, the private and public agents and the NGOs, with the objective of learn the problems, point at the solutions and to develop environmental interventions models to legitimize their actions. That way, the territoriality that these organizations seek to create depend of integrated decisions and of a continuous search of people, information and mobilization, to set up news socials actors and to ensure the development of the activities of these organizations.

  17. Exploring fragility: industrial delocalization, occupational and environmental risks, and non-governmental organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigotto, Raquel Maria

    2009-03-01

    What is the role of non-governmental organizations--NGOs--in the process of industrial delocalization and socio-spatial redistribution of occupational and environmental risks? In an attempt to contribute to this debate, this study approaches the issue in a very specific socio-historical context, marked by recent accelerated industrialization in a small town in Northeast Brazil. Based on semi-structured interviews with leaders of four local NGOs, the way they perceive and value the risks introduced into the area and relations between industrialization and local development are analyzed. Findings show a strong adherence to the industrial plan by workers' trade unions, whilst other NGOs are highly critical with regard thereto, but undertake no social or political activity regarding the issues they identify. This phenomenon is discussed in terms of the modus operandi of ideology and its strategies for symbolic construction, enabling a comprehensive reinterpretation of how capital also benefits, in its mobility, from local society's fragility in organizing and protecting quality of life and public health.

  18. Non-governmental organizations, democracy, and HIV prevalence: a cross-national analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shircliff, Eric J; Shandra, John M

    2011-01-01

    Despite the scale, reach, and global impact of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), its study has remained largely at the purview of various micro-level analyses (e.g., Gutmann 2007; Levi and Vitória 2002). However, differences in prevalence rates at the national level suggest that other forces might be at work. Following the work of McIntosh and Thomas (2004), the only cross-national study of HIV/AIDS published to our knowledge, we conduct a cross-national analysis that examines world polity ideas that higher levels of health and women’s non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should be associated with lower levels of HIV prevalence. Initially, we find no support for these hypotheses. However, we respecify our models to test a political opportunity structure hypothesis that democracy enhances the ability of health and women’s NGOs to deal with HIV. We test this line of reasoning by including an interaction term between democracy and the health and women’s NGO variables. In doing so, we find that health and women’s NGOs are associated with lower levels of HIV prevalence in democratic rather than repressive nations.

  19. Chinese Anti-Cancer Association as a non-governmental organization undertakes systematic cancer prevention work in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Tingting

    2015-08-01

    Cancer has become the first leading cause of death in the world, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Facing the increasing trend of cancer incidence and mortality, China issued and implemented "three-early (early prevention, early diagnosis and early treatment)" national cancer prevention plan. As the main body and dependence of social governance, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) take over the role of government in the field of cancer prevention and treatment. American Cancer Society (ACS) made a research on cancer NGOs and civil society in cancer control and found that cancer NGOs in developing countries mobilize civil society to work together and advocate governments in their countries to develop policies to address the growing cancer burden. Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), Cancer Council Australia (CCA), and Malaysian cancer NGOs are the representatives of cancer NGOs in promoting cancer control. Selecting Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (CACA) as an example in China, this article is to investigate how NGOs undertake systematic cancer prevention work in China. By conducting real case study, we found that, as a NGO, CACA plays a significant role in intensifying the leading role of government in cancer control, optimizing cancer outcomes, decreasing cancer incidence and mortality rates and improving public health.

  20. The role of non-governmental organizations in global health diplomacy: negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lencucha, Raphael; Kothari, Anita; Labonté, Ronald

    2011-09-01

    The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is an exemplar result of global health diplomacy, based on its global reach (binding on all World Health Organization member nations) and its negotiation process. The FCTC negotiations are one of the first examples of various states and non-state entities coming together to create a legally binding tool to govern global health. They have demonstrated that diplomacy, once consigned to interactions among state officials, has witnessed the dilution of its state-centric origins with the inclusion of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the diplomacy process. To engage in the discourse of global health diplomacy, NGO diplomats are immediately presented with two challenges: to convey the interests of larger publics and to contribute to inter-state negotiations in a predominantly state-centric system of governance that are often diluted by pressures from private interests or mercantilist self-interest on the part of the state itself. How do NGOs manage these challenges within the process of global health diplomacy itself? What roles do, and can, they play in achieving new forms of global health diplomacy? This paper addresses these questions through presentation of findings from a study of the roles assumed by one group of non-governmental actors (the Canadian NGOs) in the FCTC negotiations. The findings presented are drawn from a larger grounded theory study. Qualitative data were collected from 34 public documents and 18 in-depth interviews with participants from the Canadian government and Canadian NGOs. This analysis yielded five key activities or roles of the Canadian NGOs during the negotiation of the FCTC: monitoring, lobbying, brokering knowledge, offering technical expertise and fostering inclusion. This discussion begins to address one of the key goals of global health diplomacy, namely 'the challenges facing health diplomacy and how they have been addressed by different groups and at different levels of

  1. The comparative advantage of NGO (non-governmental organizations) in the health sector--a look at the evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthias, A R; Green, A T

    1994-01-01

    Attention being given to the development of an appropriate public/private mix in health-care delivery should not exclude the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). There is a widely accepted thesis of NGO comparative advantage over government, but evidence to support this thesis is generally more anecdotal than analytical. This paper considers evidence available in the literature and from field research in southern Africa, especially with regard to efficiency, innovation and reaching grass-roots communities. The paper concludes that the comparative advantage of the NGO sector needs to be analysed in relation to both the private for-profit sector and the public sector.

  2. Non-Governmental Organization Leadership And Development. A Review Of The Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Dragoș – Cătălin Apostu

    2013-01-01

    Leaders of the Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) often face extraordinary challenges – both at a personal and organisational level. These challenges are demanding, and distinct from those faced by governments or the for-profit sector. NGO leaders are often isolated and unsupported. There is talk of a leadership deficit, because of the shortage of talented leaders and the growth of the non-profit sector generally. As a result there is some urgency in attempts to develop a new generation of...

  3. Maintaining health sector collaborations between United States non-governmental organizations and North Korea through innovation and planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yim, Eugene S; Choi, Ricky Y; VanRooyen, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Humanitarian agencies in North Korea operate within a complex sociopolitical environment historically characterized by a baseline of mistrust. As a result of operating within such a heated environment, health sector collaborations between such agencies and the North Korean government have followed unpredictable courses. The factors that have contributed to successful programmatic collaborations, as perceived by United States non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and North Korean officials were investigated. A qualitative, multi-case, comparative, research design using semistructured interviews was used. Expert North Korean informants were interviewed to generate a list of factors contributing to programmatic success, defined as fulfilling mutually established objectives through collaboration. The North Korean informants were asked to identify US NGOs that fulfill these criteria ("mission-compatible NGOs"). Representatives from all of the mission compatible NGOs were interviewed. All informants provided their perspectives on the factors that contributed to successful programmatic collaborations. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed for thematic content. North Korean informants identified six mission-compatible US NGOs. The North Korean and US NGO informants provided a number of factors that contributed to successful programs. These factors were grouped into the following themes: (1) responsiveness to North Korean requests; (2) resident status; (3) program monitoring; (4) sincerity (apolitical objectives); (5) information gathering; and (6) interagency collaboration. Some US NGOs have devised innovative measures to work within a unique set of parameters in North Korea. Both US NGOs and North Korean authorities have made significant concessions to maintain their programmatic partnerships. In this manner, seasoned collaborators have employed creative strategies and a form of health diplomacy to facilitate programmatic success in North Korea by

  4. Public health research priorities in Europe seen by non-governmental organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulis, Gabriel; Garrido-Herrero, Lara; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Harvey, Gabrielle; McCarthy, Mark

    2008-12-01

    Public health research is concerned with population health, determinants of health, health systems research, health promotion, environmental health, health protection, disease prevention and research in other fields of public health. During the last decades, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are more often entering the field of public health research. This paper presents results of work within SPHERE (Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe), a European Commission funded study aimed to gather information and produce knowledge on the state of public health research in Europe. A questionnaire survey was developed and conducted among NGOs enrolled in a database held by the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA). There were 80 replies, and the response rate for NGOs that were members of EPHA was 53%. There were no significant statistical differences in the responses when analysed for three European groups ['old' member states (EU 15), accession members states in 2004 (EU 10) and EU-associated countries]. The NGOs reported a relatively large international experience, expressed by participation in international public health research, and more often practice work. The main research priorities reported were general public health, environmental health, ADHD, obesity, nutrition, tobacco control. NGOs showed low correlation between their work field and their proposed public health research priorities. There are growing numbers of NGOs in Europe concerned with public health. This survey indicates their interest also in public health research priorities.

  5. Comparison of Development of Non-governmental Organizations and the Current State of Their Funding in Slovakia and Austria

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    Svidroňová Mária

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations play a vital role in the economy of every country. They are not only providers of special type of services that public sector is not capable of providing in full quality and quantity, and private sector is not interested in, but they are also watch dogs of the society and builders of active citizenship. Thus they have become an object of many research studies. The divergence in their goals, sizes, roles, types of services provided, and ways of funding make NGOs an interesting subject. As a goal for our research we therefore chose a comparison of the development and state of the Slovak and Austrian non-profit sector in the view of historical development of both countries. Consequently, we want to evaluate the funding of NGOs in Slovakia and Austria. In the paper we map the development of non-profit sector in Slovakia and Austria and in the context of a common historical development we assess a current state and a potential of economic strength of NGOs in both countries. The output is comparison of funding of NGOs in Slovakia and Austria based on statistical data evaluation. Subsequently, we propose recommendation for suitable diversification of the funding sources.

  6. Non-Governmental Organization Leadership And Development. A Review Of The Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoș – Cătălin Apostu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Leaders of the Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs often face extraordinary challenges – both at a personal and organisational level. These challenges are demanding, and distinct from those faced by governments or the for-profit sector. NGO leaders are often isolated and unsupported. There is talk of a leadership deficit, because of the shortage of talented leaders and the growth of the non-profit sector generally. As a result there is some urgency in attempts to develop a new generation of leaders, and to provide relevant support to existing and future leaders. Leadership development programmes designed for NGO leaders must as a consequence incorporate best practice and current experience rather than rehashing tired, traditional approaches to leadership training. This paper examines the role of leaders and leadership in NGOs. It draws on the analysis of recent research into the characteristics of NGO leaders, and explores the challenges of designing leadership development programmes appropriate to the needs of NGOs. This paper identifies the elements of successful leadership development, and assesses the skills or competencies that need be developed.

  7. “GERMAN-TURKISH ASSOCIATION” AS A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION

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    Necati DEMİR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Civil society organizations which are non-govermental, operate political, cultural, social, legal etc. Areas, consisting of the employees and members on a voluntary basis, non- profit organizations. German-Turkish Association (German name: Deutschtürken Verband e.V. is a non-governmental organization established by Turks in Munich of Germany. In this study, German-Turkish Association has been introduced, information about the activities of the Union has been given, these activities has been evaluated in terms of their contribution to the Turkish and Turkish culture.

  8. 非政府组织欧洲化的路径分析%Analysis on the Routes of Non-governmental Organizations' Europeanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尔平

    2012-01-01

    The europeanization of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) is a process that EU politics, society and economic impulses become one part of NGOs' words and policy logic, also a process that NGOs adapt and react to the European integration. EU encourages the europeanization of NGOs by providing fund opportunities, increasing the effect of EU policies, and so on. NGOs try to win EU funds and take part in the activities of EU. NGOs' Europeanization is the inevitable trend under the background of EU further integration. The difference of response from NGOs to the Europeanization is obvious, and the routes are simple, meanwhile, some organizations face difficulties with europeanization.%非政府组织的欧洲化是欧盟的政治、社会和经济动力成为非政府组织话语和政策逻辑的一部分的过程,也是非政府组织对欧洲一体化进程的适应与反应过程。欧盟通过提供资助、增加欧盟政策影响力等方式促进非政府组织欧洲化;非政府组织通过争取欧盟资助、参与欧盟层面的活动这两种路径实现欧洲化。欧洲化是一体化不断深化背景下非政府组织发展的必然趋势,但由于各组织情况不一,使得非政府组织对欧洲化的反应呈现多样性,但欧洲化的路径比较单一,一些组织难以实现欧洲化。

  9. Chapter 5: Organizational structures suited to ISPRM's evolving role as an international non-governmental organization in official relation with the world health organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Groote, Per M; Reinhardt, Jan D; Gutenbrunner, Christoph; DeLisa, Joel A; Melvin, John L; Bickenbach, Jerome E; Stucki, Gerold

    2009-09-01

    International non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in official relation with the World Health Organization (WHO) face organizational challenges against the background of legitimate representation of their membership and accountable procedures within the organization. Moreover, challenges arise in the light of such an international NGO's civil societal mandate to help reach the "health-for-all" goals as defined by WHO and to facilitate the implementation of the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The objective of this paper is to examine how such an international NGO using the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) as a case in point can address these challenges. The specific aims are to analyse ISPRM's structures and procedures of internal organs and external relations and to develop solutions. These possible solutions will be presented as internal organizational scenarios and a yearly schedule of meetings closely aligned to that of WHO to facilitate an efficient internal and external interaction.

  10. Uranium exploration, non-governmental organizations, and local communities. The origin, anatomy, and consequences of a new challenge in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eerola, Toni

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of global warming has returned nuclear power to the agenda. Many countries, including Finland, have decided to construct more nuclear power plants. They will need uranium, and its price is rising in the international market. A new uranium exploration boom is going on. Finland is politically and economically stable, with good infrastructure and basic geodata, attracting foreign companies to explore the promising uranium showings of the country. However, this has triggered an extensive anti-uranium campaign in northern, eastern, and southern, but not in central Finland, which is related to anti-nuclear movement, green and leftist parties, and environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs. The resistance, created mainly by lack of public awareness of geology and mining, surprised mining companies, the geological community, and the Ministry of Trade and Industry, who found themselves in a completely new situation. Here we will examine the origin, anatomy, and consequences of this challenge and how to deal with it. The picture presented herewithin is based on author’s active participation in uranium exploration in Finland, discussions with other geologists and activists, following the issue in newspapers, web-pages, reviews, and participating in NGO meetings.

  11. Social media as a tool for positioning of youth non-governmental organizations activity

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    M. A. Shvab

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the social media analysis, as an important tool of the mass media in the youth non-governmental organizations activity. The article is about special popularity of social media among youth because of the rapid information technologies development. The author emphasizes that social media is a main online channel of communication among young generation, that should be taken into the consideration during the external communication creation. Youth organizations often use social media for target audience involvement, information dissimilation and exchange, service promotion and online dialogue. The author analyses different social media tools, such as: blogs, microblogs (Twitter, social networking sites (Facebook, VKontakte, video-sharing websites (YouTube and others. All these tools are easy in use, do not need any special skills and resources, they are low-cost as well. The author considers that it would be useful to include the organization’s Internet addresses on all social media websites and in traditional media publications, to make it as easy as possible for customers to find the youth non-governmental organizations they are looking for among the broad range of social media communities and services.

  12. Leadership and Behavior in Humanitarian and Development Transnational Non-Governmental Organizations

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    Margaret G. Hermann

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Does leadership matter in the governance of civil society organizations? In particular, do the CEOs of humanitarian and development NGOs exhibit different leadership styles and perceive their work environments in different ways as the literature suggests. To explore this question we interviewed 96 CEOs—32 from humanitarian NGOs and 64 from development NGOs. In the process we found support for the descriptions of the leadership of these two types of organizations extant in the research and practitioner literatures. Those in charge of humanitarian NGOs were more likely to challenge the constraints in their environments, to be interested in influencing what was happening, to want to affect outcomes, and to be focused on addressing the needs of those in the communities facing the crisis, disaster, or emergency. They viewed themselves as having short time in which to respond and chose to communicate and act informally as well as to only collaborate with other organizations if pushed. Providing direct aid and service were high priorities as was advocacy to secure the funding necessary for completing their task. In contrast, CEOs leading development NGOs focused more on respecting and working within the constraints of their positions, being adaptable and flexible in working on having an impact—in effect, being interested in building coalitions and achieving consensus as well as indulging in compromise with the intent of solving the endemic problems that they were there to address. They had a longer time perspective than their humanitarian counterparts and were willing to work within fairly hierarchical structures as well as with a variety of types of collaborators to reach their goals.

  13. STUDY REGARDING THE FINANCING AND TAXATION OF THE ROMANIAN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

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    Violeta ISAI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Although at first sight the concept of non-profit organization seems relatively new, it has developed centuries ago and today it demonstrate its importance more than ever. If in the Western Europe states, the civil society has been constantly present in people's lives, the Romanian citizens bring back to life this concept in order to make further economic and social progress. The transition to the democracy, after 1989, has offered a favorable political context in order to develop the cooperatively sector. This transformation took place in the context of dramatically political, economic and social changes. Thus, the financing of nonprofit sector know various forms, from public sources, charity, economic activities up to make donations and forwarding a share of the income tax. Furthermore, in non-governmental sector organizations currently get the benefit of a series of benefits of fiscal nature.

  14. Non-governmental organizations assisting victims of crime in Belgrade: Survey results

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    Milivojević Sanja K.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of survey regarding non-governmental organizations assisting victims of crime in Belgrade. The survey was completed at the end of 2002 for purposes of establishing a Victim Support Service in Serbia. In introduction authors give a short review of victim support services development in the World and the region, explaining the need for such service in Serbia, the subject and the aim of the article as well as the purpose of the survey. Second part of the paper contains the sample, methodology and the aim of the interview with NGO representatives. In the third section authors present the analysis of the survey data. Finally, in conclusion authors summarize the data and observed problems, suggestions for possible solution and directions of future development of services and organizations assisting victims of crime in Serbia.

  15. [Role of the Lutheran Non-Governmental Health Organization in tuberculosis control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auregan, G; Rakotonirainy, C; Ratsitorahina, M; Rakotomanana, F; Razafinimanana, J; Rakotondramarina, D

    1995-01-01

    Ever since its establishment in Madagascar, the Lutheran Church has been very active in medical field. In 1983, the creation of a medical non governmental organization called SALFA (Sampanasa Loteriana momba ny Fahasalamana) gave a new impulse. Since 1987, the SALFA has been seriously involved in the management of tuberculous patients. This document is a synthesis of actions conducted by SALFA whose experience in tuberculosis control is widely recognized by the Health Department and specially by the National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTCP). With an annual average of 1250 tuberculosis taken in charge, this NGO assumes 10% of the whole of the Program work. The diagnosis work is good (more than 85% Of PMT+) and therapeutic follow up of patients is excellent (more than 80% of the cured); those two elements of screening-treatment, basis of all tuberculosis control program incited us to describe this exemplary program.

  16. Non-governmental organizations and politics of interpretation of South-Slavic’s recent past

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    Radojičić Mirjana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the text the author considers politics of interpretation of South-Slavic peoples' recent past, which was demonstrated by the most prominent activists of Serbian non-governmental organizations. By summarizing the interpretation in a few points, the author attempts to identify its key features: arrogance and extremism as a style, counter factuality as a strategy and anti-Serbian nationalism and racism as an ideological strongpoint. In the final section of the text, what is pleaded is a precise legal regulation of that delicate area of civil activism, which in the last decade has presented a malignant protuberance on destroyed social tissue of Serbia and serious threat to the rest of its considerably lost national interests.

  17. Introducing operations research into management and policy practices of a non-governmental organization (NGO): a partnership between an Indian leprosy NGO and an international academic institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, J D H; Ogden, J A; Rao, P V Ranganadha; Rao, V Prabhakar; Rajesh, D; Buskade, R A; Soutar, D

    2004-03-01

    This paper reports on a partnership between LEPRA, a non-governmental organization (NGO), and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to explore the feasibility and appropriateness of incorporating operations research into the management and decision-making of a leprosy NGO. A pilot study in Orissa was used to determine the advantages and disadvantages of introducing operations research to assist in decision-making and programme implementation within the organization. The results highlight the difficulty and complexity of the process, but point to several important themes: partnership, changing perspectives, use of time and priority-setting, identification of gaps in systems, and building institutional and personal capabilities. The results of the study provide support to encourage NGOs to become actively involved in research. Because of their work and service to local communities, NGOs have the opportunity to collect information about the perceptions, resources and constraints of individuals, families and the communities themselves in accessing appropriate care. Their proximity to communities gives them a feeling of responsibility for ensuring that this information is translated to the district, national and ultimately international level. This will help to ensure the creation of appropriate infectious disease control policies that support the needs of patients. 'Outside' academic institutions can help NGOs to facilitate this up-stream flow of information from the local to the national and international level, to help to ensure that international disease control policies are appropriately serving local communities.

  18. Collaboration between non-governmental organizations and public services in health – a qualitative case study from rural Ecuador

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    Olivia Biermann

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Non-governmental organizations (NGOs have a key role in improving health in low- and middle-income countries. Their work needs to be synergistic, complementary to public services, and rooted in community mobilization and collective action. The study explores how an NGO and its health services are perceived by the population that it serves, and how it can contribute to reducing barriers to care. Design: A qualitative exploratory study was conducted in remote Ecuador, characterized by its widespread poverty and lack of official governance. An international NGO collaborated closely with the public services to deliver preventative and curative health services. Data were collected using focus group discussions and semistructured interviews with purposively sampled community members, healthcare personnel, and community health workers based on their links to the health services. Conventional qualitative content analysis was used, focusing on manifest content. Results: Emerging themes relate to the public private partnership (PPP, the NGO and its services, and community participation. The population perceives the NGO positively, linking it to healthcare improvements. Their priority is to get services, irrespective of the provider's structure. The presence of an NGO in the operation may contribute to unrealistic expectations of health services, affecting perceptions of the latter negatively. Conclusions: To avoid unrealistic expectations and dissatisfaction, and to increase and sustain the population's trust in the organization, an NGO should operate in a manner that is as integrated as possible within the existing structure. The NGO should work close to the population it serves, with services anchored in the community. PPP parties should develop a common platform with joint messages to the target population on the provider's structure, and regarding partners’ roles and responsibilities. Interaction between the population and the providers

  19. Collaboration between non-governmental organizations and public services in health – a qualitative case study from rural Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biermann, Olivia; Eckhardt, Martin; Carlfjord, Siw; Falk, Magnus; Forsberg, Birger C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have a key role in improving health in low- and middle-income countries. Their work needs to be synergistic, complementary to public services, and rooted in community mobilization and collective action. The study explores how an NGO and its health services are perceived by the population that it serves, and how it can contribute to reducing barriers to care. Design A qualitative exploratory study was conducted in remote Ecuador, characterized by its widespread poverty and lack of official governance. An international NGO collaborated closely with the public services to deliver preventative and curative health services. Data were collected using focus group discussions and semistructured interviews with purposively sampled community members, healthcare personnel, and community health workers based on their links to the health services. Conventional qualitative content analysis was used, focusing on manifest content. Results Emerging themes relate to the public private partnership (PPP), the NGO and its services, and community participation. The population perceives the NGO positively, linking it to healthcare improvements. Their priority is to get services, irrespective of the provider's structure. The presence of an NGO in the operation may contribute to unrealistic expectations of health services, affecting perceptions of the latter negatively. Conclusions To avoid unrealistic expectations and dissatisfaction, and to increase and sustain the population's trust in the organization, an NGO should operate in a manner that is as integrated as possible within the existing structure. The NGO should work close to the population it serves, with services anchored in the community. PPP parties should develop a common platform with joint messages to the target population on the provider's structure, and regarding partners’ roles and responsibilities. Interaction between the population and the providers on service content and

  20. Instruments of the Marketing Mix in Non-Governmental Organizations – the Results of Empirical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Kwak, Wioletta

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article is to present the instruments of the marketing mix of NGOs in light of empirical research. Marketing mix is the set of instruments for the implementation of marketing strategies of the organization. The paper presents selected results of research on the role of marketing strategies of non-profit organizations in creating value for stakeholders. In the literature one can find different concepts of “marketing mix”, for example, “4P”, “5P”, “7P”, “4C”. The survey results a...

  1. Analysis of the effectiveness of a non-governmental organization in supporting clubfoot clinic at a tertiary care center

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    Sharma Pulak

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Since December 2011, a non-governmental organization (NGO has been associated with our clubfoot clinic. Debates related to the effectiveness of NGOs in clinical milieu have raged on for a long time. The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of an NGO in supporting the running of a clubfoot clinic in a tertiary care center. Methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted from October to December 2014. The three main conceptualizations of effectiveness namely goals, resources and reputation were evaluated for this study, and to analyze them, we compared our treatment data with other published reports, and devised a ten-point questionnaire looking into the working of the NGO. This questionnaire was given to all parents (49 of children with clubfoot attending the clinic and also to an independent observer who was present at the time of patients’ interactions with the counselor. The significance of patients’ and observers’ response was tested by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test. Results: 138 cases with 228 feet were registered in the clubfoot clinic till the end of our study. The average number of visits by the patients was 6.67 and 69.47% of cases required tenotomy during the course of treatment. Of the 49 patients, 33 (67.35% graded the role of the NGO as excellent, while the rest showed a good response; 28 observers (57.14% responded as excellent. The average score of parents towards role of the NGO was significantly higher than the observer’s score. Conclusions: The NGO associated with our clubfoot clinic successfully supported formal health care professionals.

  2. Impact of climate change on the role of non-governmental organizations in environmental health delivery in south-eastern region of Nigeria

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    Jacinta A. Opara

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Climate change remains a serious problem to most rural settlement in Nigeria. Individuals are faced with a wide range of health problems. These problems include high risk of communicable and non-communicable diseases, an outbreak of epidemics, and scarcity of water. This study investigated the impact of climate change on health delivery services by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs to the different Local Government Areas (LGA of the five the States in the South -Eastern Region in Nigeria: Anambra, Imo, Abia, Ebonyi and Enugu were selected and three communities from each was sampled using stratified random sampling technique. The result revealed that most NGO health workers could not penetrate into most of the rural areas to deliver aids to the victims

  3. MANAGERIAL PERCEPTION OF EDUCATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

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    Mehmet Metin ARSLAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine the educational NGO managers’ perceptions of education in the city of Kırıkkale. The sample of this qualitative research, which has been conducted on a case pattern basis, comprises managers from 13 educational non-governmental organizations in the province of Kirikkale. Data were collected by the researcher himself through direct contact and interview with the participants. The interview form was developed based on the opinions from experts in the field. The concordance between the sentential codifications was checked by an independent observer and the researcher in order to ensure data reliability. The coefficient of concordance between the observers was calculated as .87 for the sociopolitical perceptions dimension of education and .90 for the perceptions regarding the position and importance of the organizations, which were included in the present research, in the system. Participant confirmation method was used for the validity of the data. Some remarkable results of the research are as follows: The participantsØ failed to relate the aims of educational organizations to the general public, Ø basically engaged in aid-oriented activities, Ø expected aid from the government, Ø tended to look at education and its problems from an economic viewpoint, Ø neglected the philosophical and scientific dimensions of the problem, and Ø made individual assessments with no relevance to the social context.

  4. The role of non-governmental organizations in the prevention and reduction of drug abuse: the Philippine experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quejas, S Q

    1983-01-01

    A wide range of non-governmental organizations are involved in the prevention and reduction of drug abuse in the Philippines. The numerous activities and substantive achievements of non-governmental organizations in combating the problems of drug abuse are manifestations of their commitment to and involvement in an avowed partnership with the Government to promote care for young people and quality of life in general. The Dangerous Drugs Board, the Government's policy-making and co-ordinating body, has facilitated and encouraged the development of existing approaches and strategies and, in co-operation with non-governmental organizations, has made drug-abuse prevention programmes more viable and relevant. This co-operation strengthened agency relationships, encouraged resource-sharing and generated a more balanced approach towards programme planning and implementation. The various government services, in co-operation with non-governmental organizations, have adopted the models and strategies that are action-oriented activities, primarily intended to promote positive values, attitudes, self-development, creative productivity and skills of young people.

  5. The role of non-governmental organizations in residential solid waste management: a case study of Puducherry, a coastal city of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajamanikam, Ramamoorthy; Poyyamoli, Gopalsamy; Kumar, Sunil; R, Lekshmi

    2014-09-01

    Poorly planned and uncontrolled urbanization in India has caused a variety of negative, often irreversible, environmental impacts. The impacts appear to be unavoidable and not easily mitigable due to the mounting public health problems caused by non-segregation of solid wastes at source and their subsequent improper management. Recently in India, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society organizations have increasingly started to get involved in improving waste management services. Municipal solid waste management being a governmental function, the contribution of NGOs in this field has not been well documented. This study highlights the activities and services of Shuddham, an NGO functioning in the town of Puducherry within the Union Territory of Puducherry in South India. The NGO program promoted much needed awareness and education, encouraged source separation, enhanced door-to-door collection, utilized wastes as raw materials and generated more job opportunities. Even though source separation prior to door-to-door collection is a relatively new concept, a significant percentage of residents (39%) in the study area participated fully, while a further 48% participated in the collection service. The average amount of municipal solid waste generated by residential units in the Raj Bhavan ward was 8582 kg/month of which 47% was recovered through active recycling and composting practices. The study describes the features and performance of NGO-mediated solid waste management, and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses as well as the opportunities and threats of this system to see whether this model can sustainably replace the low-performance conventional solid waste management in practice in the town of Puducherry. The experiences from this case study are expected to provide broad guidelines to better understand the role of NGOs and their contributions towards sustainable waste management practices in urban areas.

  6. The State of Partnerships Report 2011 - NGOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.J.M. van Tulder (Rob); M. de Wal (Marieke); A. Hoekstra (Anke)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThis study covers all development non-governmental organizations (NGOs) active from the Netherlands with a revenue of € 1.5 million or more in 2008. This amounts to ninety NGOs, reporting on 317 individual partnerships with firms and/or governments. This study serves as a benchmark and

  7. The Role of Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organizations in the Provision of Social Services and the Palliation of Poverty

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    Mihaela Bronić

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available After introductory considerations, arguments are put forward for non-governmental organisations as exclusive providers of social services. The negative characteristics of the non-governmental organization are subject of the third part of the paper. In the fourth part, the meaning of the social funds is explained (they are a kind of non-governmental organisations, and in Part 5, we explain the importance of the synergy between the government and society in the provision of social services. After the explanation of the situation in Croatia, in the Part 6 of the paper we give our final considerations. In Croatia non-governmental organizations that provide social services are slowly developing. In their further strengthening it is necessary to change the general viewpoints concerning the role and importance of the non-governmental sector in the alleviation of poverty, as well as to achieve better coordination between the state and the sector.

  8. The Role of Non-Governmental Organization (NGO in Advocating the National Security Bill

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    Yusa Djuyandi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The role run by a coalition of NGOs in advocating the National Security Bill aimed at encouraging the birth of national security policy to appropriate to the purpose of reform. However, until now the role of NGOs in advocating National Security Bill has not been able to encourage the authorities to reconstruct the draft of national security policy that is consistent with the objectives of security sector reform. This study is conducted to analyze the role of NGOs in the security sector reform in Indonesia, particularly through the advocacy of the National Security Bill. The method used in this study is a qualitative method. The result shows that NGOs, which are members of the KMSRK, have been running the multiple roles, such as: popularly involved in policy making, providing political education to the community, promoting or encouraging reform, and promoting the interests of the community. The study also suggests the existence of new findings of the role of NGOs, which is forming a coherent unity of interests.

  9. Payday, ponchos, and promotions: a qualitative analysis of perspectives from non-governmental organization programme managers on community health worker motivation and incentives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    B-Lajoie, Marie-Renée; Hulme, Jennifer; Johnson, Kirsten

    2014-12-05

    Community health workers (CHWs) have been central to broadening the access and coverage of preventative and curative health services worldwide. Much has been debated about how to best remunerate and incentivize this workforce, varying from volunteers to full time workers. Policy bodies, including the WHO and USAID, now advocate for regular stipends. This qualitative study examines the perspective of health programme managers from 16 international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) who directly oversee programmes in resource-limited settings. It aimed to explore institutional guidelines and approaches to designing CHW incentives, and inquire about how NGO managers are adapting their approaches to working with CHWs in this shifting political and funding climate. Second, it meant to understand the position of stakeholders who design and manage non-governmental organization-run CHW programmes on what they consider priorities to boost CHW motivation. Individuals were recruited using typical case sampling through chain referral at the semi-annual CORE Group meeting in the spring of 2012. Semi-structured interviews were guided by a peer reviewed tool. Two reviewers analyzed the transcripts for thematic saturation. Six key factors influenced programme manager decision-making: National-level government policy, donor practice, implicit organizational approaches, programmatic, cultural, and community contexts, experiences and values of managers, and the nature of the work asked of CHWs. Programme managers strongly relied on national government to provide clear guidance on CHW incentives schemes. Perspectives on remuneration varied greatly, from fears that it is unsustainable, to the view that it is a basic human right, and a mechanism to achieve greater gender equity. Programme managers were interested in exploring career paths and innovative financing schemes for CHWs, such as endowment funds or material sales, to heighten local ownership and sustainability of programmes

  10. Youth Voluntary Activities in Non-governmental Organizations and Perception of Volunteerism: Example of Educational Volunteers Foundation of Turkey (TEGV

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    Aslı Yönten Balaban

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractVolunteer activities, which can be described as activities without demanding any recompense, has an important role in strengthening the social structure. Youth participation into voluntary activities makes them active in the field of social integration while contributing their personal development. In this study, youth voluntary activities with regards to non-governmental organizations in Turkey will be discussed. It is also aimed to evaluate perception of volunteerism and the contribution of young volunteers’ activities to themselves in specific and to society in general.Keywords: Participation, Volunteerism, Educational Volunteers Foundation of Turkey (TEGVJEL Classification Codes: I29, L31

  11. Dengue Virus Infections among Haitian and Expatriate Non-governmental Organization Workers — Léogane and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salyer, Stephanie J.; Ellis, Esther M.; Salomon, Corvil; Bron, Christophe; Juin, Stanley; Hemme, Ryan R.; Hunsperger, Elizabeth; Jentes, Emily S.; Magloire, Roc; Tomashek, Kay M.; Desormeaux, Anne Marie; Muñoz-Jordán, Jorge L.; Etienne, Lesly; Beltran, Manuela; Sharp, Tyler M.; Moffett, Daphne; Tappero, Jordan; Margolis, Harold S.; Katz, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    In October 2012, the Haitian Ministry of Health and the US CDC were notified of 25 recent dengue cases, confirmed by rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), among non-governmental organization (NGO) workers. We conducted a serosurvey among NGO workers in Léogane and Port-au-Prince to determine the extent of and risk factors for dengue virus infection. Of the total 776 staff from targeted NGOs in Léogane and Port-au-Prince, 173 (22%; 52 expatriates and 121 Haitians) participated. Anti-dengue virus (DENV) IgM antibody was detected in 8 (15%) expatriates and 9 (7%) Haitians, and DENV non-structural protein 1 in one expatriate. Anti-DENV IgG antibody was detected in 162 (94%) participants (79% of expatriates; 100% of Haitians), and confirmed by microneutralization testing as DENV-specific in 17/34 (50%) expatriates and 42/42 (100%) Haitians. Of 254 pupae collected from 68 containers, 65% were Aedes aegypti; 27% were Ae. albopictus. Few NGO workers reported undertaking mosquito-avoidance action. Our findings underscore the risk of dengue in expatriate workers in Haiti and Haitians themselves. PMID:25356592

  12. Policy Dialogue and Engagement between Non-Governmental Organizations and Government: A Survey of Processes and Instruments of Canadian Policy Workers

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    Bryan Mitchell Evans

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Various analysts have raised concerns respecting declining research, evaluation and analytical capacities within public services. Typically, the decline is attributed to reforms associated with neoliberal restructuring of the state and its concomitant managerial expression in New Public Management (NPM.  This has given rise to a conceptual shift now commonly captured as a movement from ‘government’ to ‘governance’. Policy advising from a new governance perspective entails an image of a more distributed policy advisory system where a plurality of actors, including non-state actors, engages with government in deliberating policy interventions to address collective problems.The original research presented here suggests that those responsible for policy work across four policy communities in the three Canadian provinces surveyed differ in terms of their capacities, depth of commitment to a specific policy file/field, roles and functions, as well as perceptions of the policy work that they undertake. Over the past several years, a number of primarily quantitative analyses examining the processes, tools and perspectives of Canadian federal and provincial government policy analysts have been published.  Consequently, a significant knowledge-base has been acquired respecting what government policy analysts do and their attitudes toward their work but very little is known about external interactions with non-governmental organizations (NGOs.

  13. Non governmental organizations and energy efficiency promotion; O terceiro setor e a promocao da eficiencia energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aragao Neto, Raymundo Moniz de; Hahn, Andreas Alexandeer [IIEC - International Institute for Energy Conservation, Washington, D.C. (United States)

    2004-07-01

    The paper presents actions from IIEC - International Institute for Energy Conservation, NGO which mission is to support social and economic transformation of developing countries, based upon efficient use of energy. It shows aspects such as innovation, organizational structure, decision-making process and ongoing and delivered projects in Brazil. The importance of the so-called 'Third Sector' (expression normally used) in Brazil is reinforced in this paper, presenting numbers and the increased importance of NGOs in Brazil, people involved and relevance to the economy. The paper focuses also the behaviour change when people migrate from consulting area to NGO, specially learning new meanings for profit and results. (author)

  14. Evolving Partnerships: The Role of NGOs in Basic Education in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller-Grandvaux, Yolande; Welmond, Michel; Wolf, Joy

    During the last decade non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been increasingly called upon to implement development programs. The question is no longer whether NGOs should play a role in the education sector, but how NGOs are most likely to fulfill their promise to improve the quality, equity, accountability, and pertinence of education in…

  15. THE ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN CREATING STANDARDS IN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

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    Oana Maria HANCIU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The participation and influence of non-governmental actors in areas of international environmental governance has increased tremendously over the last decades. Some of these non-governmental organization (NGOs, like International Union for Conservation of Nature, World Wide Fund for Nature or Greenpeace, have a global character and an intense activity in promoting environmental protection. Of great importance is the fact that some NGOs have gained a consultative status in international and regional organizations influencing the process of drafting and adopting norms of international environmental law. The study analyses the contribution of NGOs in international environmental field and their essential role as ,,guardians of the environment” in promoting and respecting the provisions of international environmental agreements, in particular of Aarhus Convention.

  16. Impact evaluation to communicate and improve conservation non-governmental organization performance: the case of Conservation International.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinnon, Madeleine C; Mascia, Michael B; Yang, Wu; Turner, Will R; Bonham, Curan

    2015-11-05

    The rising prominence of more rigorous approaches to measuring conservation outcomes has included greater adoption of impact evaluation by conservation non-governmental organizations (CNGOs). Within the scientific literature, however, little consideration has been given to the unique and specific roles of CNGOs in advancing impact evaluation. We explore these issues in the context of one CNGO-Conservation International (CI)-and its experiences producing, using and funding impact evaluations over the past decade. We examine the contributions of impact evaluation to CI's mission at three different stages of CI's strategy: innovation, demonstration and amplification. Furthermore, we review incentives and barriers encountered by CI in its 10+ years' experience in impact evaluation. More coordinated and strategic use of impact evaluation by CNGOs would facilitate learning and promote accountability across the conservation community.

  17. Influence of Non-Governmental Organizations’ Participatory Level of Governance on Accountability to Stakeholders in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Ochuodho Samuel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of governance on accountability to stakeholders by Non-Governmental Organizations in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya. Objective of the article was to establish the level at which participation as an element of governance influence accountability to stakeholders by NGOs in Kisumu Municipality. The research question was, at what level does participation as an element of governance influence accountability to stakeholders by NGOs in Kisumu Muni...

  18. The role and importance of public relations at non-governmental organizations

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    Simona Duhalm

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Phenomenon of globalization during the twentieth century, has increased the importance of nongovernmental organizations. Their development has gained to the whole world providing an important part of social, educational, cultural and welfare services that the community felt. Voluntary and non-profit activity which it carries led, implicitly, to increasing importance in public relations sector, compared with profit business.

  19. RESTRICTION OF RIGHTS OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN RUSSIA AS A SUBJECT OF JUDICIAL CONTROL

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    P. Vinogradova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the issue of the regulation of the Russian state’s control over the activities of non-governmental organizations and the limits to that control. Important changes made in 2014–2016 in the regulation of the organization and activity of judicial power show that the tasks of transformation of the judicial power structure, establishment of effective control mechanisms and strengthening of the requirements on substantiation of court judgments have become more topical. Addressing this issue and taking it as the subject of study are motivated by the small number of works dealing with this issue. The task of enhancing the effectiveness of the exercise of their powers by public authorities necessitates consideration of special features of judicial control over disputes related to restriction of rights. The adoption of the Administrative Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the statutory formalization of special features of judicial control with respect to certain non-commercial organizations imply changes in judicial practice related to challenging the decisions made by public authorities. In addition to special procedural features such changes also facilitate the spread in law enforcement practice of legal arrangements like the ‘proportionality test’ and determining the balance between competing constitutional values and conditions of public order observance. The analysis carried out by the author reveals tendencies of improvement in legislative action and allows identification of future lines of improvement in judicial practice.

  20. Frictions That Activate Change: Dynamics of Global to Local Non-Governmental Organizations for Female Education and Empowerment in China, India, and Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeberg, Vilma; Baily, Supriya; Khan, Asima; Ross, Heidi; Wang, Yimin; Shah, Payal; Wang, Lei

    2017-01-01

    This article examines how non-governmental organizations create resources and spaces for girls and women's education and empowerment in China, India and Pakistan--in the context of global expectations and local state relations as well as cultural norms. We examine the dynamics that foster female empowerment associated with educational attainment.…

  1. Travelling Policies and Global Buzzwords: How International Non-Governmental Organizations and Charities Spread the Word about Early Childhood in the Global South

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penn, Helen

    2011-01-01

    This article is based on a web-search commissioned by an international charity to review the work of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and charities which promote and support early childhood education and care (ECEC) in the global South. The article examines examples of such initiatives. It is suggested that there is…

  2. A Contextual factors that foster or inhibit para-teacher professional development: The case of an Indian, non-governmental organization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raval, Harini; McKenney, Susan; Pieters, Jules

    2012-01-01

    Raval, H., McKenney, S., & Pieters, J. (2012). A Contextual factors that foster or inhibit para-teacher professional development: The case of an Indian, non-governmental organization. International Journal of Training and Development, 16(1), 23-38.

  3. Definition of curriculum and approach: study of a training course for teachers of non-formal education in NGOs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Deivis Perez

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a research aimed to analyze the approach and the definition of guiding curriculum of teacher training for work in the non-formal education in non-governmental organizations(NGOs...

  4. Evaluating the oil sands reclamation process: Assessing policy capacity and stakeholder access for government and non-governmental organizations operating in Alberta's oil sands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Tyler

    By employing interpretive policy analysis this thesis aims to assess, measure, and explain policy capacity for government and non-government organizations involved in reclaiming Alberta's oil sands. Using this type of analysis to assess policy capacity is a novel approach for understanding reclamation policy; and therefore, this research will provide a unique contribution to the literature surrounding reclamation policy. The oil sands region in northeast Alberta, Canada is an area of interest for a few reasons; primarily because of the vast reserves of bitumen and the environmental cost associated with developing this resource. An increase in global oil demand has established incentive for industry to seek out and develop new reserves. Alberta's oil sands are one of the largest remaining reserves in the world, and there is significant interest in increasing production in this region. Furthermore, tensions in several oil exporting nations in the Middle East remain unresolved, and this has garnered additional support for a supply side solution to North American oil demands. This solution relies upon the development of reserves in both the United States and Canada. These compounding factors have contributed to the increased development in the oil sands of northeastern Alberta. Essentially, a rapid expansion of oil sands operations is ongoing, and is the source of significant disturbance across the region. This disturbance, and the promises of reclamation, is a source of contentious debates amongst stakeholders and continues to be highly visible in the media. If oil sands operations are to retain their social license to operate, it is critical that reclamation efforts be effective. One concern non-governmental organizations (NGOs) expressed criticizes the current monitoring and enforcement of regulatory programs in the oil sands. Alberta's NGOs have suggested the data made available to them originates from industrial sources, and is generally unchecked by government

  5. NGOs as Bridging Organizations in Managing Nature Protection in Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nguyen, T.K.D.; Bush, S.R.; Mol, A.P.J.

    2016-01-01

    Comanagement in Vietnamese Special-Use Forests (SUFs) has been constrained by
    an administrative mode of state control. Consequently, SUF Management Boards
    have limited scope to engage local resource users in conservation and management. Concurrently, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have

  6. A quick indicator of effectiveness of “capacity building” initiatives of NGOs and international organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lempert

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article offers an easy-to-use indicator for scholars and practitioners to measure whether NGOs, international organizations, and government policies and projects meet the criteria for design and implementation of “capacity building” projects that have been established by various international organizations and that are recognized by experts in the field. The indicator can be used directly to address failures that are routinely reported in this key and growing development intervention. Use of this indicator on more than a dozen standard interventions funded today by international development banks, UN organizations, country donors, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs reveals that while many smaller organizations are working to change institutions and society in ways that effectively build long-term capacity, most of the major actors in the field of development have failed to follow their own guidelines. Many appear to be using “capacity building” as a cover for lobbying foreign governments to promote international agendas (“purchasing foreign officials” and/or to increase the power of particular officials at the expense of democracy, with the public lacking simple accountability tools. The indicator points to specific areas for holding development actors accountable in order to promote development goals of sustainability and good governance. The breadth of the field of “capacity building” also allows this indicator to be used, with some modifications, for a large variety of development interventions. This article also offers several examples of where current capacity building projects fail, along with a sample test of the indicator using UNCDF as a case study.

  7. Energy Development and Environmental NGOs: The Asian Perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gan, Lin

    1998-12-01

    This report compares and analyses the energy-sector activities of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Asia. The main focus is on energy development with an environmental orientation such as large hydroelectric power development, energy efficiency improvements, and new and renewable energy development. Specifically, it (1) analyses the motivations, aims, characteristics and means of operation of the NGOs in their involvement in projects related to energy and environment, (2) studies the process of NGOs involvement in decision-making and the extent to which processes are affected by the nature of operation and why, (3) reviews the relationships and means of interaction of NGOs with governmental agencies, international aid organizations and the private sector, (4) examines the influence of international NGOs on local and regional NGOs and the differences in their values and modes of operation, and finally (5) describes the implications of NGO contributions to the emergence of global civil society from an Asian perspective. 28 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  8. Challenges faced by NGOs in the political harsh climate of Zimbabwe : analysing the effects on sustainability and promotion of human rights.

    OpenAIRE

    Chakawarika, Bertha

    2011-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have gained a very high status as the leading practitioners of development in Africa. African governments have reacted obscurely to the existence of these agencies. Although they recognise the economic resources NGOs can raise, they tend to resist the political pluralisation contingent to popular development action. This article describes the role of NGOs in Zimbabwe and analyses the dynamics of government-NGO relations and the effects on promotion and p...

  9. Non-Governmental Organization (NGO Libraries for The Visually Impaired in Nigeria: Alternative Format Use and Perception of Information Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adetoro, 'Niran

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria's non-government organization (NGO libraries for the visually impaired has over the years been at the forefront of information services provision to persons with visual impairment. This study adopted a survey research design to investigate use of alternative formats and perceptions of information services to the visually impaired, focusing on two purposively chosen NGO libraries for the visually impaired in Nigeria. Using a complete enumeration approach, data were gathered from 180 users of the libraries through the use of a structured questionnaire with a reliability score (${\\alpha}=0.74$. Data from 112 (62.2% of the 180 administered copies of a questionnaire that were retrieved were analysed. The study found that Braille materials had a high level of utilization ($\\bar{x}=4.46$ and were the most frequently utilized (90.9%. Perception of information services by the visually impaired was positive while use of alternative formats was significantly and positively related to users' perception of information services (r = .041; p < 0.05. The study recommends improved transcription and investment in alternative formats and in e-resources. It also recommends collaborations to widen access as well as constant evaluation of services.

  10. Civil Society in Hybrid Governance: Non-Governmental Organization (NGO Legitimacy in Mediating Wal-Mart’s Local Produce Supply Chains in Honduras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dara Bloom

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper challenges the notion that the incorporation of actors from civil society into hybrid governance arrangements improves outcomes and legitimacy. Multi-stakeholder collaborations are a popular hybrid governance approach to development, including NGOs’ work to integrate smallholder farmers into supermarket supply chains. As a result, NGOs’ service provision role has expanded to include market facilitation, often necessitating NGOs act as market intermediaries. This paper explores how this new role may jeopardize NGOs’ organizational legitimacy in the eyes of their constituents, other development organizations, and supermarket partners, and therefore ultimately affect their ability to represent civil society in hybrid governance arrangements. Drawing on qualitative data collected in the Central American country of Honduras, this paper focuses on NGOs’ role organizing producer associations to facilitate access to Wal-Mart supermarkets. Findings suggest that a lack of supply chain transparency, NGOs’ negotiation between commercial and aid-oriented goals, and the potential to exclude producers from development projects threaten NGOs’ legitimacy. These findings illustrate the difficulties of embedding philanthropic activities in market-based systems, and demonstrate how multi-stakeholder collaborations may be influenced more by commercial priorities than the elements of a partnership. Ultimately, development NGOs are products of neoliberal, hybrid governance, even as their activities are expected to ease the transition of small-scale producers into this system.

  11. A leitura nas organizações não governamentais e inter-relações com a escola pública Reading in non-governmental organizations and interrelations with the public school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Shitara Inglesi

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Considerando o baixo grau de letramento dos alunos do ensino fundamental e médio no Brasil e, concomitantemente, o crescimento espantoso do número de organizações não governamentais (ONGs trabalhando no campo da educação nas últimas décadas, o presente trabalho procura estabelecer uma ponte entre essas duas faces da educação no Brasil. Nesta investigação, pretendeu-se compreender a dinâmica e a influência das ONGs brasileiras, mais especificamente no campo da leitura, tendo em vista o desenvolvimento do letramento. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo qualitativo, com características etnográficas, baseado, sobretudo, em observações feitas em campo das atividades de uma organização, as quais foram analisadas a partir das concepções de leitura propostas pelos teóricos da psicolinguística (SMITH, 1999, 2003 e da estética da recepção (JAUSS, 1994,2002. Com isso, procurou-se contribuir com os estudos sobre leitura e, principalmente, avançar nessas novas possibilidades educativas que hoje nos são apresentadas pela sociedade civil e que impulsionaram a busca por soluções alternativas para um problema que vem afligindo os educadores há décadas no Brasil. Assim, considera-se que, por meio da troca de ideias e experiências e da implementação de projetos envolvendo leitura, as instituições educacionais não governamentais podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de uma escola pública de qualidade, sem, no entanto, substituí-la, deixando para o governo a responsabilidade que lhe cabe.Considering the low level of literacy of pupils in fundamental and secondary education in Brazil and, at the same time, the astounding growth in the number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs working in the field of education during the last decades, the present work attempts to throw a bridge across those two sides of Brazilian education. The investigation has tried to understand the dynamics and influence of Brazilian NGOs, more

  12. The Origin, Status quo & Prospects of Contemporary China's NGOs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AnYuejun; WangWei

    2004-01-01

    With the development of the trend towards multipolarity and economic and information globalization and in the process of deepening of China's reform and opening up and establishing a full-fledged socialist market economy, China's non-governmental organizations(NGOs) have been gradually growing into an important social force with an increasing role to play in China's modernization process.

  13. Physically active lifestyles for all Americans: a call to action for non-profit organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Colleen; Hutber, Adrian; McCarthy, William J

    2009-10-01

    Many nonprofit organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are strategically poised to encourage and facilitate healthier lifestyles. Non-profit organizations can play leadership roles in improving physical levels among all Americans.

  14. NGOs Efficiency and Transparency Policy: The Colombian Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Mar Gálvez Rodríguez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the influence of Colombian non-governmental organizations (NGOs in diverse social sectors of the country has increased. However, the legitimacy of this sector has been undermined by corruption. This distrust has questioned the efficiency of NGOs as social tools. Transparency as a mechanism against corruption and one of the tools that improves the functioning of an organization is considered. There is no doubt that Internet is an essential element in disseminating information to the different stakeholders of the organization. This paper sets out three main objectives: i the analysis of information disclosure through the Internet of Colombian NGOs, ii the analysis of the efficiency of these entities in reaching their social goals and, iii the analysis of the online transparency effect in a greater efficiency of the Colombian NGOs.

  15. Health hazards and medical treatment of volunteers aged 18-30 years working in international social projects of non-governmental organizations (NGO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küpper, T; Rieke, B; Neppach, K; Morrison, A; Martin, J

    2014-01-01

    The specific health risk profile and diversity of treatments sought by young volunteers participating in international social projects should differ from those of their older colleagues. In the absence of any data to identify whether this was correct, a retrospective analysis was performed using a standardized questionnaire. Questions included what diseases occurred, and details of the frequency and types of treatment sought during their stay - (e.g. self-treatment, medical/dental intervention, or local healer). The 153 participants were aged 18-30 years and worked in a non-governmental organization for >6 months. The participants were: 53% female, mean age 20 years, and mean duration of stay was 11.2 months. Their NGO placement abroad was in Latin America 65.4%, 14.4% in Africa, and 9.8% in Asia. 83% of the young volunteers had received some advice regarding travel medicine before their departure. However, they suffered from more injuries compared to private travellers, and febrile infections were more common when compared to older studies. 21.2% suffered from dental problems and 50% of them sought medical treatment. This study highlights a previously unreported higher risk profile of specific health problems occurring in young NGO volunteers, including some potentially life-threatening diagnoses that differed from their older colleagues and normal travellers. It is recommended that young volunteers should receive age specific, comprehensive pre-departure training in health and safety, first aid, and management of common health problems. A medical check-up upon returning home should be mandatory. The provision of a basic first aid kit to each volunteer before departure is also recommended.

  16. Different challenges, different approaches and related expenditures of community-based tuberculosis activities by international non-governmental organizations in Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Wai Wai; Saw, Saw; Isaakidis, Petros; Khogali, Mohammed; Reid, Anthony; Hoa, Nguyen; Zaw, Ko Ko; Aung, Si Thu

    2017-03-24

    International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have been implementing community-based tuberculosis (TB) care (CBTBC) in Myanmar since 2011. Although the National TB Programme (NTP) ultimately plans to take over CBTBC, there have been no evaluations of the models of care or of the costs of providing CBTBC in Myanmar by INGOs. This was a descriptive study using routinely-collected programmatic and financial data from four INGOs during 2013 and 2014, adjusted for inflation. Data analysis was performed from the provider perspective. Costs for sputum examination were not included as it was provided free of charge by NTP. We calculated the average cost per year of each programme and cost per patient completing treatment. Four INGOs assisted the NTP by providing CBTBC in areas where access to TB services was challenging. Each INGO faced different issues in their contexts and responded with a diversity of strategies. The total costs ranged from US$ 140 754 to US$ 550 221 during the study period. The cost per patient completing treatment ranged from US$ 215 to US$ 1 076 for new cases and US$ 354 to US$ 1 215 for retreatment cases, depending on the targeted area and the package of services offered. One INGO appeared less costly, more sustainable and patient oriented than others. This study revealed a wide variety of models of care and associated costs for implementing CBTBC in diverse and challenging populations and contexts in Myanmar. Consequently, we recommend a more comprehensive evaluation, including development of a cost model, to estimate the costs of scaling up CBTBC country-wide, and cost-effectiveness studies, to best inform the NTP as it prepares to takeover CBTBC activities from INGOs. While awaiting evidence from these studies, model of CBTBC that have higher sustainability potential and allocate more resources to patient-centered care should be given priority support.

  17. On Non-governmental Organization's Participation in Rural Social Assistance%对民间组织参与农村社会救助的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜芬

    2012-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations(NGO)participation in rural social assistance have much to do with caring for disadvantaged groups,narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor,easing social conflicts and promoting social progress of the civilization.Therefore,we need to encourage NGO' participating in rural social assistance.At present,the unperfected self-discipline mechanism,incomplete laws and regulations of the government supervision system have affected the development of NGO.We need to innovative management system,strengthen self-construction,establish and improve relevant laws and regulations and other measures to ensure the development of NGO to make them to be a useful supplement for rural relief.%民间组织参与农村社会救助对于关爱贫困群体,缩小贫富差距,缓和社会矛盾,推动社会文明进步具有最直接最基础的意义。为此,要鼓励民间组织积极参与农村社会救助。目前我国大多数民间组织自律机制不够健全,政府的法律法规监督体系也不完备,影响了民间组织的健康发展。针对当前存在的问题,通过创新民间组织管理体制、加强自身建设、建立健全相关法律法规等措施保障民间组织健康发展,使其成为农村救济的有益补充。

  18. Multithematic approaches for the management of non -governmental organizations Enfoques multitemáticos para a gestão de organizações não governamentais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezilda Rodrigues Oliveira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analytical framework for managing non -governmental organizations (NGOs based in multithematic approaches that can be applied in practical cases of intervention, particularly to support strategic planning processes. It is exp ected that these frameworks will contribute to increasing the capacity of NGOs to deal with different challenges, such as upgrading the institutional mission and vision; training new leaders and professionals in key areas, establishing new strategies for resource mobilization; knowing how to use the media to expand its social marketing; promoting improvements in production processes and social services offered to the community. As a practice, the stance adopted was to strengthen participatory and inclusive process, involving the choice of action research as the most suitable for the present case. Although in its initial phase, the study has to report some results for the case of Pro -Child, a NGO that develops a strategic planning cycle for the next five year s. Thus, after a brief retrospective of the trajectory of Pro-Child in recent years, took up the initiative to outline an agenda that would enable the strategic planning process for this NGO, including affirmative action programs that enhance their organizational capacity. At this stage of research, two proposals are emerging: the transformation of Pro-Child in a learning organization, as well as a reference on knowledge management in its area of operation.Este trabalho apresenta uma proposta metodológica voltada para a gestão de organizações não governamentais (ONGs, baseada em enfoques multitemáticos que possam ser aplicados em casos práticos de intervenção, em especial para subsidiar processos de planejamento estratégico. Espera-se que esses referenciais consigam contribuir para a expansão da capacidade de ONGs para lidar com diferentes desafios, tais como: atualizar missão e visão institucionais; formar novos líderes e

  19. International non-governmental organizations' provision of community-based tuberculosis care for hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, 2013-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soe, Kyaw Thu; Saw, Saw; van Griensven, Johan; Zhou, Shuisen; Win, Le; Chinnakali, Palanivel; Shah, Safieh; Mon, Myo Myo; Aung, Si Thu

    2017-03-24

    National tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly engage with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), especially to provide TB care in complex settings where community involvement might be required. In Myanmar, however, there is limited data on how such INGO community-based programs are organized and how effective they are. In this study, we describe four INGO strategies for providing community-based TB care to hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, and assess their contribution to TB case detection. We conducted a descriptive study using program data from four INGOs and the National TB Program (NTP) in 2013-2014. For each INGO, we extracted information on its approach and key activities, the number of presumptive TB cases referred and undergoing TB testing, and the number of patients diagnosed with TB and their treatment outcomes. The contribution of INGOs to TB diagnosis in their selected townships was calculated as the proportion of INGO-diagnosed new TB cases out of the total NTP-diagnosed new TB cases in the same townships. All four INGOs implemented community-based TB care in challenging contexts, targeting migrants, post-conflict areas, the urban poor, and other vulnerable populations. Two recruited community volunteers via existing community health volunteers or health structures, one via existing community leaderships, and one directly involved TB infected/affected individuals. Two INGOs compensated volunteers via performance-based financing, and two provided financial and in-kind initiatives. All relied on NTP laboratories for diagnosis and TB drugs, but provided direct observation treatment support and treatment follow-up. A total of 21 995 presumptive TB cases were referred for TB diagnosis, with 7 383 (34%) new TB cases diagnosed and almost all (98%) successfully treated. The four INGOs contributed to the detection of, on average, 36% (7 383/20 663) of the total new TB cases in their respective townships (range: 15-52%). Community-based TB

  20. The Role of NGOs in Promoting Christianty: the case of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Saidul Islam

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Western Non-Governmental organizations (NGOs are operating in all parts of the world. Many are doing great work in alleviating poverty and helping with development efforts. Unfortunately, some have hidden agendas. Presently Bangladesh has the NGO density of 3.5 foreign NGOs per square mile. Most of the foreign NGOs, under the banner of "development partner", are working to alleviate poverty and to promote education and progress. Their direct and indirect involvements in evangelization, however, have brought about an increase in tensions and social problems in Bangladesh.

  1. A Research of Tocqueville's Dicussion on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)%托克维尔论中间组织

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金卉

    2003-01-01

    作为近代公民社会理论的代表之一,托克维尔在对美国和法国不同的民主发展道路进行比较的基础上,提出社会中间组织的发展是培育公民社会的重要途径.他的论述对今天处于政治民主化进程中的中国社会,无疑有着极强的现实意义.

  2. The Bandungan Papers: Guidelines for the Evaluation of Rural Development Projects of NGOs. CENDHRRA Development Memo Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Antonio L., Ed.; Ledesma, Angelita Y., Ed.

    A collection of papers, from the Centre for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Asia (CENDHRRA) Evaluation Seminar (1980) in Bandungan, Central Java, provides guidelines for evaluation of rural development projects of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The first part of the report contains a summary of group discussions on different…

  3. The Bandungan Papers: Guidelines for the Evaluation of Rural Development Projects of NGOs. CENDHRRA Development Memo Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Antonio L., Ed.; Ledesma, Angelita Y., Ed.

    A collection of papers, from the Centre for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Asia (CENDHRRA) Evaluation Seminar (1980) in Bandungan, Central Java, provides guidelines for evaluation of rural development projects of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The first part of the report contains a summary of group discussions on different…

  4. Interactive NGOs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bislev, Ane Katrine

    2014-01-01

    NGOs play a crucial role in the budding civil society in China. Yet the restrictive political climate means that the degree of autonomy these organizations enjoy is relatively low – especially when dealing with politically sensitive subjects. Successful NGOs have found ways of carving out a sphere...... of action for themselves within the complex state-society relations in China, becoming in Peter Ho’s words embedded in the Chinese State corporatism. However, an added challenge for these NGOs is how to negotiate the complicated political sphere while at the same time maintaining a degree of legitimacy...... through their linkage with the general public; engaging with their members as well as the rest of the population in the public sphere. This chapter explores how Chinese NGOs attempt to negotiate these two challenges: dealing with the Chinese government bureaucracy and the restrictions placed on them...

  5. 日本终身学习社会民间组织发展研究%Research on the Development of Non-governmental Organizations of Lifelong Learning Society in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁红玲; 石睿超

    2015-01-01

    Currently ,the construction of lifelong learning society has become the common trend of all countries in the world .Japan ,as one of the world's earliest countries that began to cultivate and develop national lifelong learning ,has committed to the promotion and evolution of lifelong learning society for a long time .Especially since the 1980s ,Japan has been promoting the cultiva-tion and development of the non-governmental organizations so hard that the non-governmental or-ganizations in Japan have been flourishing in recent years .NPO ,juridical person and volunteer or-ganization are important carriers of the non-governmental organizations in Japan ,and a complete legal system provides a favorable policy environment for the growth of the non-governmental organ-izations in Japan .Moreover ,the private management with the national funding is the operational mode of the non-governmental organizations in Japan ,and the service of Japanese non-governmen-tal organizations are characteristic of diversity .Through the research on the development of the construction of lifelong learning society in the non-governmental organizations ,this paper aims to provide certain reference and inspiration for the construction of lifelong learning society in China .%当今时代,建设终身学习社会已经成世界各国的共同发展趋势。日本作为世界上较早掀起终身学习浪潮的国家之一,长期以来一直致力于终身学习社会化的推进。尤其是20世纪80年代以来,日本大力推进民间组织的培育与发展,日本民间组织近年来蓬勃发展。NPO 、财团法人和志愿者组织是日本民间组织的重要载体,完备的法律制度为日本民间组织生长提供良好的政策环境,公办民营是日本民间组织的运行模式,日本民间组织的服务内容具有多元化的特点。通过对日本终身学习社会建设中的民间组织的发展情况进行研究,以期对我国终身学习社会建设

  6. NGOs as providers of the social welfare services in cooperation with local authorities in the times of financial crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halina Waniak-Michalak

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to establish whether Polish non-governmental organizations (NGOs are important providers of social welfare services, and whether local authorities perceive them as partners in the implementation of this type of projects. The significance of NGOs is measured with the amount of social welfare grants they received between 2006 and 2011 and with the number of NGOs offering social welfare services that were active in that period. To test the research hypotheses, a trend analysis and a panel regression model are used. The research findings show that NGOs are becoming increasingly important to local governments as their partners in the field of social welfare, as well as a strong correlation between the number of NGOs in the area and the level of local governments’ grants for NGOs on the one hand and economic indicators such as GDP and the rate of unemployment on the other.

  7. Non-Governmental organizations in the mediation of violent intra-state conflict: the confrontation between theory and practice in the Mozambican peace process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Branco

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the role of NGOs in the mediation of violent intra-state conflicts. Based on the analysis of the Mozambican peace process, we tried to understand if informal actors and NGOs in particular would be best suited to mediate this type of conflict, as advocated by some. Against this current of thought, the author argues that official diplomacy still remains the most appropriate tool to lead the mediation of violent intra-state conflicts. In cases where multiple resources are used (multi-track, as was the case in Mozambique, formal actors and states, in particular, continued to play a decisive and unavoidable role because they had the resources that were not available to informal players. Informal diplomacy can complement formal diplomacy, but cannot replace it, and will always play a secondary and supporting role.

  8. Role of NGOs and CBOs in Waste Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NN Nik Daud

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Developing cities like Khulna, the third largest metropolitan city in Bangladesh, have now begun to confess the environmental and public health risks associated with uncontrolled dumping of solid wastes mainly due to the active participation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs and community-based organizations (CBOs in municipal solid waste (MSW management.Methods: A survey was conducted to observe the present scenarios of secondary disposal site (SDS, ultimate disposal site (UDS, composting plants, medical wastes management and NGOs and CBOs MSW management activities.Results: A total of 22 NGOs and CBOs are involved in MSW management in 31 wards of Khulna City Corporation. About 9 to 12% of total generated wastes are collected by door-to-door collection system provided by mainly NGOs and CBOs using 71 non-motorized rickshaw vans. A major portion of collected wastes is disposed to the nearest SDS by these organizations and then transferred to UDS or to private low-lying lands from there by the city authority. A small portion of organic wastes is going to the composting plants of NGOs.Conclusion: The participation of NGOs and CBOs has improved the overall MSW management system, especially waste collection process from sources and able to motivate the residents to store the waste properly and to keep clean the premises.

  9. Le Role des ONG dans la Mise en Application de la Convention des Droit de l'Enfant (The Role of Non Governmental Organizations in the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goutard, M.

    1992-01-01

    Examines cooperative efforts among nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in France to implement the United Nation's Convention on the Rights of the Child. Describes collaborative efforts between NGO committees and government authorities, highlighting government experts' recommendations for changes in four areas of French law to conform to…

  10. 民间残疾人组织现状分析及发展建议%Non-governmental Disability Organizations:Situation Analysis and Development Suggestions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段小蕾

    2013-01-01

      随着中国经济社会迅速发展,公民社会日益兴起。与此同时,残疾人权利意识觉醒,各项需求不断上升,迫切需要民间组织发挥作用,为残疾人提供服务,弥补政府失灵和市场失灵。然而现阶段我国民间残疾人组织的生存和发展举步维艰,造成困境的原因十分复杂,包括经济社会发展水平、传统文化、公众意识、公共政策以及民间残疾人组织自身因素等。问题的解决需要政府法规政策的健全、社会公众意识的提高和民间残疾人组织加强自身能力建设。%  China has been undergoing dramatic transition into civil society in an all-round way. To meet the soaring needs of people with disabilities in China, a large number of grassroots NGOs have mushroomed and been playing an increasingly important role as a compensation for government failure and market failure. However, the service capacity of NGOs for people with disabilities in China is weak in both quality and quantity. Externally, they face policy barriers and suffer from social stigma. Internally, they have problems with leadership, transparency, values and vision. The causes of the predicament of the NGOs for people with disabilities are complicated and intertwined. In addition to their own efforts for capacity development, legislation and public policies should be improved to address this issue.

  11. 非政府组织在农民培训中的作用研究%A Study on eh Functions of Non-Governmental Organizations in Farmer Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娜; 马芹

    2011-01-01

    随着新农村建设的不断发展,非政府组织在推进农民培训、提升农民素质的过程中正发挥着积极而不可替代的作用。在我国整体进入工业反哺农业、城市带动农村的历史阶段,非政府组织应提升其参与农民培训的能力,加强与政府组织的合作,规范"项目牵动,绩效管理"的运作模式,大力开展农业技术推广服务。%With the development of the new countryside construction,non-governmental organizations in promoting farmers training,improving the quality of peasants is playing an active and irreplaceable role.Now,non-governmental organizations should improve the ability of participation in the farmers training, strengthen the cooperation with government organization,regulate the mode about "project affect,performance management", and advance the service of agricultural technology extension.

  12. On the Role of Non-governmental Organizations in the Food Safety Management%浅论民间组织在食品安全管理中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边昊

    2013-01-01

    伴随着社会生活水平的不断提高,人们对食品安全管理的关注力度越来越强。结合我国现有食品安全管理的现状,在分析民间组织在食品安全管理中存在的必要性基础上,提出了发挥民间组织在食品安全管理中作用的相关建议。%With the improvement of living standards in China,people pay more and more attention to food safety management.Upon analysis of the current food safety management and the necessary role of non-governmental organizations in food safety management,the article gives some suggestions on how to en-hance the role of non-governmental organizations in food safety management.

  13. Non Goverment Organisation (NGO: Role NGOs Film in Malaysia for Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ab Samad Kechot

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This writing aims to discuss the progression of several Malaysia’s film of non-governmental organizations (NGOs. It seeks to explore the history of NGOs film’s from the golden age of ‘Jalan Ampas’ to date as well as to examine the roles of these organizations played in the film industry. This paper also a part of a Master’s research entitled the role of Film’s Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs Leader: study of the several NGOs. Research methods used are library research and field studies. Library research has been made for secondary data while field studies run for interview, questionnaires for NGOs members and data from NGOs reports. The data was analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS, as for interview was conducted among the leaders of selective NGOs and also on the opinion leader who are a film activists. However, this study is limited to a few selected NGOs film only. Findings of this study found that the Association of Film Artists of Malaya (PERSAMA is the pioneer for NGOs film’s and a basic struggle for workers move in the film based on volunteerism. At present, the observed association is actively championing the aspirations of five associations that are under the Combined Staff Association of Film Malaysia (GAFIM, Malaysian Association of Artists (SENIMAN, Malaysian Film Producers Association (PFM, Film Director Association of Malaysia (FDAM, and Screen Writers Guild of Malaysia (SWAM and Film Employees Association of Malaysia (PROFIMA.The findings of this study found that many efforts have been made to enhance the film’s quality and place more films to international level.

  14. 非政府组织参与食品安全预警体系的标准化探讨%Standardization of Non-governmental Organization Participation in the Food Security Early Warning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仲超

    2011-01-01

    Food security early warning system has excessive reliance on the government. Based on the analysis of non-governmental organization's characteristics, this paper clarify the basis relationshop between NGOs' characteristics and food security early warning system, puts forward that non-governmental organizations involved in food safety early warning system should be normalized and standardized, to improve food safety early warning system construction, promote food security early warning as the whole behavior, will play a positive role.%食品安全预警体系过分依赖以政府为主体。本文通过对非政府组织特性的分析,阐明了其特性与食品安全预警体系的基础关系,提出非政府组织参与食品安全预警体系应规范和标准化,对完善食品安全预警体系的建设,促使食品安全预警成为全民的行为,将起到积极的作用。

  15. Non-Profit Education Providers vis-a-vis the Private Sector: Comparative Analysis of Non-Governmental Organizations and Traditional Voluntary Organizations in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bano, Masooda

    2008-01-01

    Under the New Policy Agenda, international development institutions have promoted non-profit organizations (NPOs) in developing countries, on a dual logic: firstly, they deliver social services more efficiently than the state; secondly, they mitigate equity concerns around privatization of basic social services by reaching out to the poor. Based…

  16. Locating Academic NGOs in the Knowledge Production Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratyoush Onta

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Academic non-governmental organizations (NGOs are already one of the most important institutional sites of knowledge production in the countries of the global South. This article defines academic NGOs as those NGOs which produce not only documentation but also academically engaging articles, reports, edited volumes, bibliographies, journals and monographs. It argues that their growth in the recent decades has taken place amidst the mammoth growth in the number of NGOs in general for structural and personal reasons. A case study from Nepal is provided to illustrate, both at the level of procedures and at the level of outcomes, the kinds of contributions academic NGOs have made to the knowledge enterprise. The article ends by suggesting that the links between editorial control over what academic NGOs produce and the funding they receive are more complex than is usually assumed, and that the issue of their accountability needs to be rendered in a multiple-constituency model similar to that at work in conventional universities.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v5i0.6356 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 5, 2011: 49-80   

  17. Factors that determine the fees for audit NGOs financial statements in Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Bahtijar Berisha; Luan Vardari; Bekim Berisha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to identify, analyze and evaluate the potential factors that influence the determinants of the fee/price of the NGOs financial statements audit in Kosovo based and tested, generally, traditional determinants and known in economic literature on this issue. In our study, we have chosen the NGO sector in Kosovo to investigate the factors that determine the fee/price of their financial statements, because the non-governmental organizations are among the first organiza...

  18. Developing multiculturality: the discourses on integration of Danish and Spanish non-governmental organisations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    in Denmark and Spain, approach integration differently and their approaches reflect diverse conceptions of national values, universal rights or citizenship. Although some political parties assume reactive positions, with discourses strengthening the national identities, the non-governmental organisations...... in power are committed to an intercultural model of integration and irregular immigration has been important in relation to the labour market. The NGOs elaborate their discourses according to the current opportunity structures and the access to the public sphere. The NGOs’ conceptions of integration...

  19. International non-governmental actors in HIV/AIDS prevention in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Shi WU

    2005-01-01

    International non-governmental organizations were among the first international actors that responded to the emergence of AIDS crisis in China. Since 1994, the number of international non-governmental organizations and charitable foundations working in AIDS related issue areas in China has grown steadily and substantially. Despite their organizational differences, most of these non-governmental actors present the characteristics of independent mission, localized practice and diverse working focus. Even though they are constrained by financial and other factors compared with multilateral and bilateral official assistance agencies, they have still played a unique role in fighting against AIDS in China as technical experts, public educators, and civil society supporters.

  20. Efficient Mechanisms of Cooperation between Non-Governmental Organisations and Public Authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rucsandra FILLOREANU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present to the wide public a success story concerning the efficient cooperation between the civil society as a whole (citizens, NGOs, stake holders and public administration authorities. The success consists in using and strengthening dialogue measures within the collaboration of the two actors. The research is based on a study case. This was run through an EU funded project - “Efficient mechanisms of cooperation with public authorities”. The goal of the project was to increase the capacity of non-governmental organizations to cooperate with the public administration institutions. In order to reach the proposed aim there have been organized a series of theoretical and practical training courses, roundtable discussions and study-visits. Through this manner it has been encouraged and practiced the structured dialog on public agenda issues between the representatives of the local and national authorities and the active citizens. The outputs of the project consist in one Public Consultation Guide elaborated on the basis of good practices acknowledged through the project and two local citizens` initiatives on local public administration matters that have been brought into the public attention of the decision-making actors. Active citizenship, structured dialogue between civil society and state actors, developed tools for effective advocacy and lobby that are part of the success story that we intend to present through this study case.

  1. Definition of curriculum and approach: study of a training course for teachers of non-formal education in NGOs

    OpenAIRE

    Deivis Perez

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a research aimed to analyze the approach and the definition of guiding curriculum of teacher training for work in the non-formal education in non-governmental organizations (NGOs). We opted for a qualitative approach and case study of Te- acher Training Course for NGOs, developed by Ong São Paulo-SP. The research instruments were: analysis of documents of the cou- rse, interviews with trainers and coordinator and literature review. In this course, curriculum is defined a...

  2. Corruption, NGOs, and Development in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel Jordan

    2010-01-01

    This article examines corruption in Nigeria's development sector, particularly in the vastly growing arena of local non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Grounded in ethnographic case studies, the analysis explores why local NGOs in Nigeria have proliferated so widely, what they do in practice, what effects they have beyond their stated aims, and how they are perceived and experienced by ordinary Nigerians. It shows that even faux NGOs and disingenuous political rhetoric about civil society, democracy, and development are contributing to changing ideals and rising expectations in these same domains.

  3. Corruption, NGOs, and Development in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel Jordan

    2013-01-01

    This article examines corruption in Nigeria’s development sector, particularly in the vastly growing arena of local non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Grounded in ethnographic case studies, the analysis explores why local NGOs in Nigeria have proliferated so widely, what they do in practice, what effects they have beyond their stated aims, and how they are perceived and experienced by ordinary Nigerians. It shows that even faux NGOs and disingenuous political rhetoric about civil society, democracy, and development are contributing to changing ideals and rising expectations in these same domains. PMID:24265511

  4. Moving forward research agendas on international NGOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opoku-Mensah, Paul Yaw; Lewis, David

    2006-01-01

    This paper sates out an argument for moving forwrd research on non-governmental organisations (NGOs)within development studies. The body of research on NGOs that emerged from the late 1980s onwards focused primarily on NGO roles as development actors and their organisational attributes, but pais...... less attention to theory and context. While such research had many positive strenghts, it was also criticised for its normative focus, and for its vulnerability to changing development fashions and donor preoccupations. Today, attitudes to NGOs have grown more complex and ambiguous...

  5. Moving forward research agendas on international NGOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opoku-Mensah, Paul Yaw; Lewis, David

    2006-01-01

    This paper sates out an argument for moving forwrd research on non-governmental organisations (NGOs)within development studies. The body of research on NGOs that emerged from the late 1980s onwards focused primarily on NGO roles as development actors and their organisational attributes, but pais ...... less attention to theory and context. While such research had many positive strenghts, it was also criticised for its normative focus, and for its vulnerability to changing development fashions and donor preoccupations. Today, attitudes to NGOs have grown more complex and ambiguous...

  6. Influence of Non-Governmental Organizations’ Participatory Level of Governance on Accountability to Stakeholders in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochuodho Samuel

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of governance on accountability to stakeholders by Non-Governmental Organizations in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya. Objective of the article was to establish the level at which participation as an element of governance influence accountability to stakeholders by NGOs in Kisumu Municipality. The research question was, at what level does participation as an element of governance influence accountability to stakeholders by NGOs in Kisumu Municipality? The study employed descriptive survey design. The study population included 96 respondents from 96 NGOs in Kisumu Municipality; from each NGO there was one respondent, a project manager or an equivalent of a project manager. Probability proportional to size (PPS sampling method was used to sample NGOs from which respondents to the questionnaire were drawn. Data was collected by use of questionnaires. A pilot study was conducted in Kakamega Municipality among 15 project manager or NGO officers of equivalent ranks from 15 NGOs, to ensure instrument reliability. Face validity of the instruments was determined by two experts who are the supervisors at the University of Nairobi to evaluate each item in relation to the objectives and assess if the instrument is answering the research question. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics in form of frequency counts, percentages. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 17 software was used for data analysis. Regression was also done to assess the indicators of accountability while holding the predictor indicators of governance constant. The researcher performed the ANOVA to test hypothesis with the significance level for the test selected at 5% (p = 0.05. Null hypothesis was retained at p 0.05. Findings revealed that the stakeholders who would participate in making decision on the type of project to be undertaken by the NGO, the donors and NGO staff members have the

  7. Southern African NGOs seize the initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morna, C L

    1990-11-01

    The Southern African Network of AIDS Service Organizations (SANASO) was begun at a conference in Harare, Zimbabwe in May 1990, marking the 1st local unification of Non-Governmental agencies in AIDS prevention and care. This region has about 20% of Africa's reported AIDS cases, but has seen an 8-fold increase in 2 years. The goals of the organization are to facilitate sharing of information, ideas and experiences, to promote cooperation among the NGOs, to move toward common positions on AIDS and to articulate to the rest of the world the needs of the region as regards AIDS. While the incidence ranges from 6/million in Lesotho, to 906/million in Malawi, the countries represented have varied but pressing political and economic situations making HIV infection a serious threat. Examples are economic contraction with reduced funding of health and education; rapid urbanization; wars in Angola and Mozambique, with associated sexual abuse, refugees and displaced people; and in South Africa Apartheid, unemployment, forced relocation, violence and even suspicion of the government's AIDS program. Discussions on how the NGOs in particular can help change peoples' behavior resulted in the suggestion that they involve People With AIDS (PWA), to give the disease "a face" and lessen fear and alienation. The best example of such a successful approach is the home-based care instituted by Zambia's Chikankata Salvation Army Mission Hospital.

  8. Reconceptualising NGOs and their Roles in Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Twenty years after NGOs first emerged as objects of development research, much of the research on non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and development to date has been of a variable quality. While much useful work has been done, yhe development NGO research field is nonetheless charactarised...... by a combination of an over-identification with NGOs, an excessive emphasis on technical/organisational issues and a lack of theoretical-contextual analysis. The result has been work that often bows to policy rhetoric and uncritically and unhelpful serves to sustain a set of myths about NGOs and their performance...... - of both a positive and a negative kind. This volume seeks to present less well-rehearsed perspectives. Its thirteen chapters are each written by authoritative reserachers in the field. The book has two main objectives: to describe on interpret key aspects of NGOs' changing roles in development...

  9. The Development Trend of the Non-governmental Higher Education in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Dewen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In more than 30 years after China’s reform and opening to the outside world the non-governmental higher education has developed dramatically and enjoyed more and more favorable conditions, making great contributions to the popularization of higher education in China. According to the definition that “The non-governmental higher education is a major growth point for development of educational career and an important driving force in promoting educational reform”, quoting from The planning outline on the national medium and long-term educational reform and development (The Planning Outline for short issued in 2010 by China’s State Council, China has launched policies of greatly supporting the non-governmental higher education and designed the reform goals of the government as the main body of education, with the active participation of the whole society, and the mutual development of the governmental and non-governmental higher education. Soon afterwards, the nation has started the move of the non-governmental educational system, and positively explored the management of classification of profit and non-profit non-governmental educational institutions. Thus, the development of the Chinese non-governmental institutions of higher learning has been greatly influenced because of the policies and relevant practices. With the opening of the 18th national congress and the political direction mentioned in the report as “encouraging and guiding social organizations to initiate education”, the pace of development of the non-governmental institutions of higher learning will be accelerated and some new development trends will become clearer.

  10. Effectiveness and impact of the cross-border healthcare model as implemented by non-governmental organizations: case study of the malaria control programs by health poverty action on the China-Myanmar border.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Dong, Jia-Qiang; Li, Jia-Ying; Zhang, Yue; Tian, Yang-Hui; Sun, Xiao-Ying; Zhang, Guang-Yun; Li, Qing-Pu; Xu, Xiao-Yu; Cai, Tao

    2016-09-01

    In the Yunnan province of China, 18 counties in six prefectures border Myanmar. Due to its particular combination of geographic features, climate conditions, and cultural landscape, the area provides a suitable environment for the spread of insect-borne diseases such as malaria. In five identified Myanmar Special Regions along the China-Myanmar border, economic development is lagging, people live in extreme poverty, and the healthcare system is fragile. Coupled with political and other reasons, this precludes malaria control work to be effectively carried out in Myanmar, resulting in a heavy burden of the disease. Frequent population movements and favorable conditions for malaria transmission on the border fuel difficulties in controlling and eliminating the spread of the disease in the area. To reduce the prevalence of malaria in the China-Myanmar border area and improve healthcare services for local residents in this particular environment, Health Poverty Action (HPA) has provided malaria aid in the area since the beginning of 2006, as a sub-recipient of the China Global Fund Malaria Programs. In this case study, we examined HPA's activities as part of its malaria control programs in the area, analyzed and summarized the effectiveness and impact of the cross-border healthcare model as implemented by non-governmental organizations, and put forward suggestions for cross-border health aid models and for the prevention of malaria transmission in the Greater Mekong Subregion. HPA had carried out a great quantity of successful malaria control activities in border areas between China and Myanmar, strengthened the partnership and established the collaboration, coordination and cooperation channels among stakeholders. HPA has laid good groundwork and developed its valuable model that could be highlighted and referenced.

  11. Transnational NGOs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    - not just relate to challenges at the national level to those at global level- but also to progressively forge creative forms of global solidarity and sustainability. The contributions of the book comparatively analyse this ambivalent role of transnational NGOs. The different chapters interrogate...... the paradoxes, ambiguities and contradictions characterising transnational NGOs at the national, international, transnational and civil society levels....

  12. Theorizing the relationship between NGOs and the state in medical humanitarian development projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asad, Asad L; Kay, Tamara

    2014-11-01

    Social scientists have fiercely debated the relationship between non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the state in NGO-led development projects. However, this research often carries an implicit, and often explicit, anti-state bias, suggesting that when NGOs collaborate with states, they cease to be a progressive force. This literature thus fails to recognize the state as a complex, heterogeneous, and fragmented entity. In particular, the unique political context within which an NGO operates is likely to influence how it carries out its work. In this article, we ask: how do NGOs work and build relationships with different types of states and--of particular relevance to practitioners--what kinds of relationship building lead to more successful development outcomes on the ground? Drawing on 29 in-depth interviews with members of Partners in Health and Oxfam America conducted between September 2010 and February 2014, we argue that NGOs and their medical humanitarian projects are more likely to succeed when they adjust how they interact with different types of states through processes of interest harmonization and negotiation. We offer a theoretical model for understanding how these processes occur across organizational fields. Specifically, we utilize field overlap theory to illuminate how successful outcomes depend on NGOs' ability to leverage resources--alliances and networks; political, financial, and cultural resources; and frames--across state and non-state fields. By identifying how NGOs can increase the likelihood of project success, our research should be of interest to activists, practitioners, and scholars.

  13. SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN NGOS: A LOOK FROM THE BUSINESS PERFORMANCE AND THEIR PERCEPTIONS AS STAKEHOLDERS FROM OTHERS ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Duarte Couto Fernandes

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The reflection of environmental management is felt by the entire chain of stakeholders of an organization. Within the environmental context, the NGOs act as important actors in the dissemination and engagement, being one of the key stakeholders which relate to the company. This article aims to discuss the concept of environmental management from the performance of environmental NGOs in Uberlândia/MG, checking their perception as one of all stakeholders from organizations. The research is descriptive and exploratory. Data collection started from semi-structured interviews with managers and research websites of entities. The results of this study show the relevance of the subject; how the environmental management of the NGOs involves both aspects of environmental and social; and the difficulty to relate and act together with government agencies and private sector, given the different goals that each ball has when it comes to environmental management.

  14. The role of NGOs in global health research for development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Lori

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Global health research is essential for development. A major issue is the inequitable distribution of research efforts and funds directed towards populations suffering the world's greatest health problems. This imbalance is fostering major attempts at redirecting research to the health problems of low and middle income countries. Following the creation of the Coalition for Global Health Research – Canada (CGHRC in 2001, the Canadian Society for International Health (CSIH decided to review the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs in global health research. This paper highlights some of the prevalent thinking and is intended to encourage new thinking on how NGOs can further this role. Approach This paper was prepared by members of the Research Committee of the CSIH, with input from other members of the Society. Persons working in various international NGOs participated in individual interviews or group discussions on their involvement in different types of research activities. Case studies illustrate the roles of NGOs in global health research, their perceived strengths and weaknesses, and the constraints and opportunities to build capacity and develop partnerships for research. Highlights NGOs are contributing at all stages of the research cycle, fostering the relevance and effectiveness of the research, priority setting, and knowledge translation to action. They have a key role in stewardship (promoting and advocating for relevant global health research, resource mobilization for research, the generation, utilization and management of knowledge, and capacity development. Yet, typically, the involvement of NGOs in research is downstream from knowledge production and it usually takes the form of a partnership with universities or dedicated research agencies. Conclusion There is a need to more effectively include NGOs in all aspects of health research in order to maximize the potential benefits of research. NGOs

  15. Perceptions of work stress causes and effective interventions in employees working in public, private and non-governmental organisations: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhui, Kamaldeep; Dinos, Sokratis; Galant-Miecznikowska, Magdalena; de Jongh, Bertine; Stansfeld, Stephen

    2016-12-01

    Aims and method To identify causes of stress at work as well as individual, organisational and personal interventions used by employees to manage stress in public, private and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Qualitative interviews were conducted with 51 employees from a range of organisations. Results Participants reported adverse working conditions and management practices as common causes of work stress. Stress-inducing management practices included unrealistic demands, lack of support, unfair treatment, low decision latitude, lack of appreciation, effort-reward imbalance, conflicting roles, lack of transparency and poor communication. Organisational interventions were perceived as effective if they improved management styles, and included physical exercise, taking breaks and ensuring adequate time for planning work tasks. Personal interventions used outside of work were important to prevent and remedy stress. Clinical implications Interventions should improve management practices as well as promoting personal interventions outside of the work setting.

  16. The Role of Non-Governmental Organisations and Faith-Based Organisations in Achieving Education for All: The Case of Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimuko, Mikako

    2009-01-01

    Sierra Leone, one of the world's poorest countries, experienced a civil war from 1991 to 2002. The government's capacity to provide educational services remains weak, and still over 30% of children in the country are hard to reach and do not have access to primary education. This paper discusses the role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs)…

  17. Analysis of the Relationship between American Non-governmental Organizations and Government and the Enlightenment to China%美国非政府组织与政府间的关系分析及对我国的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冬蕾

    2014-01-01

    在当今美国,政府与非政府组织之间更多采取的是合作和补充的伙伴关系。美国公民普遍对非政府组织给予高度的信任。在基层社区,非政府组织为公民提供的服务往往是直接而有力的,因此与政府提供的服务相比,有部分美国公民甚至更为喜欢非政府组织提供的服务。所以美国政府在许多服务项目上,比如卫生、慈善和社会服务方面都非常依赖非政府组织。而在基础设施的建设和维修等公共问题上,如果政府和非政府组织能够对此进行商讨,提出最佳的解决方案,往往可以收到更好的效果。%Nowadays, in America the relationship between the government and non-governmental organizations is cooperative and complementary partnership. Generally American citizens highly trust the non-governmental organizations. In the community, non-governmental organizations provide services for citizens directly and powerfully. To compare with the services provided by the government, some US citizens even more like the services provided by non-governmental organizations. So in many service projects the United States government is heavily dependent on the non government organization, such as health, charity and social services. It can get better effect if the government and non-governmental organizations can discuss and put forward the best solution on the problems of the construction and maintenance of public infrastructure.

  18. Working with NGOs: PAHO's approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartigan, P; Wiseman, T

    1993-01-01

    The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) started collaborating with nongovernmental organizations (NGO) in 1990 because their numbers had multiplied, because the state-supported health care was diminishing with the result of worsening health conditions among vulnerable populations, and because of the growing ability of NGOs to deliver health care. NGOs are community-based organizations with local responses to specific situations led by highly motivated and energetic leaders but with limited funds and technology. In order to be considered as partners in development by donors and governments they must be strong. PAHO supports NGOs and forges links between different NGOs and other social agencies including the public health system. Many NGOs grew angry because they were ostracized by HIV/AIDS control and prevention programs. Some AIDS NGOs were formed by people sidelined because of their sexual orientation, and women's groups and evangelical churches are at variance with such NGOs, both clamoring for limited resources. This circumstance made collaboration between different NGOs difficult and made it difficult to establish a joint front to negotiate with governments. However, the spread of the epidemic and shrinking donor funds have awakened them to the reality of combining forces as the best strategy to change government policy and social attitudes. AIDS NGOs are now seeking partnerships to strengthen their capacity to complement public sector health efforts. PAHO considers strategic planning as the tool for helping NGOs channel their energies into successful actions. This requires management and analytical skills for development planning, programming, and policy dialogue. In October 1992, PAHO held, in Buenos Aires, the first of 3 strategic planning seminars for NGOS working on AIDS in Argentina, with the attendance of 26 NGOs. The second seminar, which was held in Rosario in April 193, was attended by 14 NGOs and 6 governmental organizations, indicative of the

  19. NGOs and government partnership for health systems strengthening: A qualitative study presenting viewpoints of government, NGOs and donors in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizvi Narjis

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health systems are expected to serve the population needs in an effective, efficient and equitable manner. Therefore, the importance of strengthening of public, private and community health systems has been emphasized time and again. In most of the developing countries, certain weaknesses and gaps in the government health systems have been hampering the achievement of improved health outcomes. Public sector in Pakistan has been deficient in the capacity to deliver equitable and quality health services and thus has been grossly underutilized. Methods A qualitative study comprising in-depth interviews was conducted capturing the perceptions of the government functionaries, NGO representatives and donor community about the role and position of NGOs in health systems strengthening in Pakistan's context. Analysis of the data was done manually to generate nodes, sub-nodes and themes. Results Since many years, international and local non-governmental organizations (NGOs have endeavored to fill the gaps in health service delivery, research and advocacy. NGOs have relatively performed better and achieved the results because of the flexible planning and the ability to design population based projects on health education, health promotion, social marketing, community development and advocacy. This paper captures the need and the opportunity of public private partnership in Pakistan and presents a framework for a meaningful engagement of the government and the private and nonprofit NGOs. Conclusion Involving the NGOs for health system strengthening may eventually contribute to create a healthcare system reflecting an increased efficiency, more equity and good governance in the wake of the Millennium Development Goals. Nevertheless, few questions need to be answered and pre-requisites have to be fulfilled before moving on.

  20. Determinants of project success among HIV/AIDS nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Rakai, Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechange, Stevens

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify the main determinants of grassroots project success among HIV/AIDS NGOs operating in Rakai, Uganda. It was a cross-sectional study using face-to-face interviews in a mixed-methods approach among community members and NGOs involved in providing HIV/AIDS and related health services. The study found that the success of grassroots projects of HIV/AIDS NGOs essentially relies on adequate financial resources, competent human resources, strong organizational leadership, and NGO networking. These data suggest that to increase grassroots project success, HIV and AIDS NGOs in Rakai need to improve not only the budget base and human capacities but as well decision-making processes, organizational vision, mission and strategies, gender allocation in staffing, and beneficiary involvement. Copyright (c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Study on Role of Community Non-Governmental Organizations Participating in Community Governance%社区民间组织参与社区治理的功能研究--社区民间组织参与社区治理的功能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张禹青; 彭定萍

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes that participation situation of collaborative participation on community non-governmental organization in Beijing’ s community governance in terms of the size and type of organization, organization structure, organization and action; reveal the role of the community of non-governmental organizations, summarize the current capacity of community development in community governance.This paper argues that the community non-governmental organizations promote the residents participating organizations, public space and platform for the public to participate in exchange activities, have played an important role in community prevention contradictions and good governance in community management.%本文从组织规模与类型、组织结构、组织行动等方面对北京市社区治理中社区民间组织参与社区活动情况进行剖析,并结合北京实际,揭示社区民间组织在社区治理中的作用,总结当前社区民间组织的发展能力。通过研究发现,社区民间组织既能有效促进居民参与社区活动,为公众提供参与交流、活动的公共空间和平台,同时社区民间组织在预防社区矛盾和善治社区等管理方面也发挥了及其重要的作用。

  2. 论中国非政府组织(NGO)对农民工维权的影响与制约%Impact and Constraint of Non - governmental Organizations (NGOs) on Migrant Workers' Rights and Interests Protection in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜涛; 孙玉娟

    2008-01-01

    该文从拓宽传统农民工权益维护研究的视角,将NGO作为政府维护农民工合法权益的重要补充,分析了NGO对农民工维权的影响与制约,并从政府角度对管理和规范农民工NGO提出相关对策和建议.

  3. THE ROLE OF NGOs IN THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizul Hassan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations are claimed to have impacts on the sustainable development in rural areas of the developing countries and the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC is identified as an example. This study has considered BRAC as the case and has been aimed to critically outline the roles of this selected non-governmental organization (BRAC in sustainable development process. With this particular aim, this study has also explored the trends of current poverty situations in Bangladesh. In addition, impacts of the BRAC sustainable development initiatives have also been analyzed, to some extent. This study has selected two villages of the Chandpur district of Bangladesh, where BRAC has been operating intense programmes. This study has used both the qualitative and quantitative methods of research. Results suggest that programmes undertaken by NGOs are capable of having positive contributions in the sustainable development process to a certain level. The fact is that the programme implementation, where efficiency of the NGO employees is an indicator of success factor. The research is empirical and is expectedly fill the gap of literature.

  4. The role of non-governmental organisations in the environmental ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The role of non-governmental organisations in the environmental justice paradigm. ... governance, environmental racism and climate change amongst others. ... the global or international sphere (using the example of the United Nations), ...

  5. Costos y calidad de la prueba de detección oportuna del cáncer cervicouterino en una clínica pública y en una organización no gubernamental Comparison of cervical cancer screening program costs and quality of care between a public clinic and a Non-Governmental Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesica Gómez-Jauregui A.

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Comparar los costos y la calidad de la prueba de detección oportuna del cáncer cervicouterino, entre una clínica pública y una organización no gubernamental (ONG. Material y métodos. Se trata de un estudio de abordaje cuantitativo y cualitativo hecho en dos establecimientos asistenciales de la ciudad de Cuernavaca, Morelos, entre abril y julio de 1999. Mediante un estudio transversal se comparó el costo del proceso de producción de la prueba, desagregado en cuatro componentes, y para la evaluación de la calidad se utilizó el marco conceptual estructurado por Bruce, que incluye la percepción de las usuarias -acerca de la información recibida y el tiempo de espera- y de los proveedores -disponibilidad de espacio y de equipo-. Resultados. Los costos totales del proceso de producción completo de la clínica pública (144 pesos fueron 26% más altos que los costos de la ONG (114 pesos. Por lo que se refiere a la calidad, las usuarias de la ONG informaron una mayor satisfacción con los servicios recibidos. La inconformidad de las mujeres que se realizaron la prueba en la clínica pública se relacionó con el tiempo de espera para la toma de la muestra y para la entrega de los resultados. Conclusiones. Las diferencias en los costos y los indicadores de calidad de la atención entre ambos proveedores sugieren que las ONG deben contemplarse como una alternativa para ofrecer servicios de detección oportuna de cáncer cervicouterino. El texto completo en inglés de este artículo está disponible en: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.htmlObjective. To compare the costs and quality of cervical cancer screening between a non-governmental organization (NGO and a Ministry of Health clinic. Material and methods. A quantitative and qualitative cross-sectional study was conducted between April and July 1999, in two healthcare clinics in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Cervical cancer screening production processes were compared along four

  6. Nature of Non-Governmental Organisations Involved in Local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    does not have a religious, political or ethnic bias. Holloway .... Others have categorised NGOs based on their degree of autonomy, location, and scope of ... skill development, primary health care, rural credit, and agricultural inputs. NGOs ... In Latin American feminist NGOs, Alvarez (1998) noted that the 1990s witnessed.

  7. Factors that determine the fees for audit NGOs financial statements in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahtijar Berisha

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to identify, analyze and evaluate the potential factors that influence the determinants of the fee/price of the NGOs financial statements audit in Kosovo based and tested, generally, traditional determinants and known in economic literature on this issue. In our study, we have chosen the NGO sector in Kosovo to investigate the factors that determine the fee/price of their financial statements, because the non-governmental organizations are among the first organizations that have gone through the audit process after war disintegration of former Yugoslavia, and to our knowledge no similar research was undertaken. The study is generally based on data collected through a questionnaire, sector financial audit of NGOs in Kosovo’s reality, focusing on the group of respondents who are professional in this field as statutory auditors, certified auditors and certified accountants. By the results of this analysis related to the importance variables of the model, it was found that the size, complexity, audit risk, NGO audit market, competition, international character and the number of donors who fund NGOs and the number of projects they develop, have a significant impact on the fee/price of the financial audit of NGOs Kosovo.

  8. Stretching between learning and accountability: Experiences of South African non-governmental organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzvinka Kachur

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to knowledge around organisational learning in relation to Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E processes of non-governmental organisations (NGOs.While learning and accountability are two fundamental purposes of M&E, in practice NGOs often perceive donor accountability as the only function of their organisation’s M&E system. Learning through meaningful monitoring of actions is a necessary process to satisfy effective functioning of organisations working on social change.The article is based on action research, which included qualitative methods such as case studies, focus group interview(s, semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with participating organisations from an 18-month Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development Programme of the Community Development Resource Association, which involved nine South African NGOs. Organisations benefited from the programme through peer learning, consulting and research linked to the programme.The research revealed that NGOs have a perception of M&E as an accountability procedure that has been imposed on them by donor communities and are resistant to it as well as to rigid data collection.Organisations require specific capacities to realise their power and to be able to negotiate more developmental approaches to M&E within their organisations and with donors. The model is suggested that fosters learning in M&E systems and includes two interlinked processes: self-awareness (a sense of core organisational values and intuitive ability and awareness about the outside world and the effects of organisations’ work.The model for M&E systems can be explored further and help those organisations who are working towards better balance between learning and accountability.

  9. 欧盟非政府组织政策的主要内容和特点%The Main Contents and Characteristics of EU's Non-governmental Organization Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尔平

    2012-01-01

    The NGOs are one of strengthen the cooperation between dialogue, to establish the appropriate the main forces involved in the EU governance, since the late 20th century, EU and NGOs has been repeatedly stressed in EU papers. To take civic institutions, to give financial support, are the main implementation tools of put NGO policies in effect. EU's NGO policies have such characteristics as emphasis on openness and transparency, long pending legality, lack of coherence and so on, which is persistence to the reality of lags behind in EU' s social integration.%非政府组织是参与欧盟治理的力量之一。从20世纪末开始,欧盟文件多次强调要加强与非政府组织的合作并以开展公民对话、建立相应机构、给予资金支持作为落实非政府组织政策的主要工具。欧盟非政府组织政策具有注重开放性、透明度、久而未决合法性、缺乏连贯性等特征,这些特征的存在与欧洲社会一体化滞后的现实是一致的。

  10. From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Szarka

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The capacity of non-governmental organisations (NGOs to encourage public engagement with climate protection is analysed through a conceptual framework focused on six advocacy functions: issue framing, knowledge generation and dissemination, attribution of responsibility, lobbying, public mobilisation and agenda setting. This framework is used to organise and interpret the results of a fieldwork study of environmental NGOs, conducted in France, Germany and the UK. Key findings include the importance of the cross-linkage of climate with other categories of issue, NGO stress on knowledge as a precursor to action, a ‘politics of accountability’ in which the attribution of responsibility paves the way for making political demands, a preference for multi-layered lobbying, where process can be as important as product, and the need to adjust NGO mobilisation and agenda setting strategies in the aftermath of the 2009 Copenhagen negotiations and the financial crisis.

  11. CEO Emoluments Determination of Non Governmental Organisations (NGO in Melaka: A Concept Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Masita

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organisations (NGOs are formed by mutual members in conducting activities to enhance social welfare of its members and public. The issue of governance of NGO arises when such social welfare fail to be achieved. Principal-agent theory explains that agent (elected CEO or key committees is responsible to carry out NGO activities aligned with principal’s interest (which described in NGO missions and goals. If CEO or key committees are being paid to govern NGO, emolument is primarily perceived as a signal to level of governance of NGO. This study objectively to determine factors that influence the decision of emoluments paid to elected CEO or key committees. Subsequently, this study is to analyze the level of governance of NGO. NGO registered in Melaka will be selected from Registrar of Societies (ROS in Melaka. Therefore, data for this study will be collected using data from ROS Melaka. 594 registered NGO that located in Melaka will be contacted and interviewed to complete structured questionnaire. Data collected will be analyzed using SPSS software to determine the factors that influences emolument decision. Subsequently, data will be analyzed to determine the level of governance of NGOs in Malaysia, which related to emoluments decision making.

  12. Comparing urban sanitation and solid waste management in East African metropolises: The role of civil society organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukahirwa, J.; Mol, A.P.J.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Sanitation and solid waste management systems have recently received major attention through the United Nation Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Increasingly, the role of civil society organizations – most notably Community Based Organisations (CBOs) and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) – in

  13. Definition of curriculum and approach: study of a training course for teachers of non-formal education in NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deivis Perez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a research aimed to analyze the approach and the definition of guiding curriculum of teacher training for work in the non-formal education in non-governmental organizations(NGOs. We opted for a qualitative approach and case study of Teacher Training Course for NGOs, developed by Ong São Paulo-SP. The research instruments were: analysis of documents of the course, interviews with trainers and coordinator and literature review. In this course, curriculum is defined as a path to be followed by students and instructors and the coordinator of the subjects studied. We adopted the so-called Integrated Curriculum, in which teaching occurs by the study of problem situations and integrators of learning projects. At the end, we suggest improving the course and following that information, it is hoped, one will support the production of further comparative research.

  14. The Indian Ocean tsunami and private donations to NGOs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngwan; Nunnenkamp, Peter; Bagchi, Chandreyee

    2016-10-01

    Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are widely believed to raise their flag in humanitarian hotspots with a strong media presence in order to attract higher private donations. We assess this hypothesis by comparing the changes in donations between US-based NGOs with and without aid operations in the four countries most affected by the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004. Simple before-after comparisons tend to support the hypothesis that 'flying the flag' helps attract higher private donations. However, performing a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach, we find only weak indications that private donors systematically and strongly preferred NGOs with operations in the region. Extended specifications of the baseline regressions reveal that our major findings are robust. NGO heterogeneity matters in some respects, but the DDD results hold when accounting for proxies of the NGOs' reputation and experience.

  15. Unions and NGOs positions on the risks and regulation of nanotechnology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noela Invernizzi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the perspectives of a number of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs and trade unions on the risks and regulation of nanotechnology. In the context of large public and private investments in nanotechnology, and its rapid incorporation into processes and products, these groups have sought to advance their interests through diverse strategies. Their positions are centered in the application of the precautionary principle and include demands for moratoria, more investigation on environmental, health and occupational risks, specific and mandatory regulation, transparent information and broad public participation in the governance of nanotechnology. We show that these civil society organizations are constructing collaborations and alliances and have had some degree of success in placing the issues of risks and regulation into the government´s agendas.

  16. Transformation of Muslim Behaviour towards Sustainable Environment: Perspectives of Non-Governmental Organisations in Klang Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashitoh Yaacob

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Man cannot depend solely on science and technology to solve environmental problems. In fact, scholars and environmentalists have observed that some of the causes of environmental deterioration are rooted in science and technology. It is clear that environmental problems need ethical solution. However, environmentally ethical behaviour (EEB is often overlooked in the life of a Muslim. This behaviour is important, particularly, to ensure the future of civilization of the Islamic world and, generally, civilization as a whole. Given the fact that non-governmental organisations (NGOs are more sensitive to the transformation of public behaviour compared to other groups, this article discusses the perspectives of Malaysian NGOs on the transformation of Muslim EEB in Malaysia in three aspects: (a The type of EEB practiced by Muslims in Malaysia; (b The transformation process of EEB experienced by Muslims in Malaysia; and (c Whether or not the transformation of EEB of Muslims in Malaysia is motivated by the values advocated by Islam. The research adopted a qualitative research method of data collection, i.e., focus group discussions (FGDs. FGD’s results illustrated that: (a Pre-cycling, reusing and recycling are the common types of EEB practiced by Muslims in Malaysia; (b The transformation process of EEB experienced by Muslims in Malaysia is not accelerating at the speed that we hoped for; and (c The transformation of EEB of Muslims in Malaysia is motivated more by economic and social factors as well as level of education and regulation enforcement compared to the values advocated by Islam.

  17. ISSUES OF HUMAN RESOURCES, MEMBERS OF PROJECT TEAMS IN THE NGOS: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lungu Carmen Claudia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Romanian non-governmental organizations (NGOs have the specialists and the capacity necessary to atract funds from European Union for european integration aim. For this purpose they create and implement different kind of projects (social, cultural, etc.. To create such project it is only needed one or two specialists in writing a project, but to successfully implement one, it is needed a hole special united team, motivated and committed to the purpose. In making this succesfull team, the project team management confrunt with a lot of challenges. This paper illustrate, from a human resources percepective, some of the most common issues that a project team manager has to deal with. Using the case study method, this thesis suggests the challeges that the manager has in building the team, creating a united team, motivating the members and solving potential conflicts.

  18. Animal welfare: the role of non-governmental organisations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, D B; Houseman, C; Allan, R; Appleby, M C; Peeling, D; Stevenson, P

    2005-08-01

    The welfare of animals is of interest to many people in most parts of the world. Concern about the way that animals are treated will depend on many factors, including socio-economic conditions, culture, religion and tradition. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is committed to ensuring that all animal welfare standards are science-based, but recognises that these other factors must also be taken into account. The International Coalition for Farm Animal Welfare (ICFAW) was formed to represent the interests of non-governmental animal welfare organisations from most corners of the globe and opinions, comment and information from these animal welfare organisations will play a part in the OIE decision-making process. In coming together for this purpose it was recognised that the views of the various member organisations of ICFAW vary depending on which part of the world they come from. The authors provide information about the situation in three continents: Africa, North America and Europe. This information includes details of relevant legislation, farming practices, and educational and campaign programmes developed by both animal welfare non-governmental organisations and governments. The authors also look to the future to see what issues may influence the way that farm animals are reared, transported and slaughtered.

  19. Accountability social, organizaciones no gubernamentales de derechos humanos y conflicto político en Colombia, 2002-2010 Social accountability, non governmental human rights organizations and political conflict in Colombia, 2002-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio López Pacheco

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el proceso político que tuvo lugar en Colombia a partir de la movilización de las principales organizaciones no gubernamentales activistas de derechos humanos y su contraposición al gobierno de Álvaro Uribe (2002-2010. Se plantea que dicho proceso generó un conflicto que produjo mecanismos de accountability social defendiendo los principios básicos del Estado de derecho y de los derechos humanos, y ejerciendo control político.This paper analyzes the political process that occurred in Colombia with the mobilization of the most important nongovernmental human rights organizations and their opposition to the Álvaro Uribe government (2002-2010. The author argues that this process generated a political conflict that created social accountability mechanisms defending the basic principles of the rule of law and human rights and exercising political control.

  20. The Spanish zoogenetic conservation from a non governmental organization (SERGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. V. Delgado

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Spanish Society for the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources (SERGA starts its activities as a scientific association in 1988, responding to the demands of farmers, researchers and administrations regarding the lost of the rich zoogenetic patrimony of Spain. SERGA was formed as a presidential association with centralized management, but in 2002 was adapted to the federalist structure of Spain, creating sections by regions. SERGA was National Focal Point in FAO until 2000, and represents Spain in all forum related to animal genetic conservation. Also in 2000 we start collaboration with SPREGA, the Portuguese Society, developing several Iberic actions. We have done together seven international congresses with more than four hundred papers published in specific proceedings about three main subjects: Assisted reproduction; Zooethnology and Applied Genetics. We have participated in national Committees and assisted both nations in the preparations of the national inform for the FAO´s global strategy. Now we are trying to contact other Mediterranean initiatives to establish a common strategy revindicating the role of the region in Europe. The European Mediterranean count with more than 80% of the European domestic breeds, but few of our delegates are present in the decision points of the EU administration.

  1. Non-governmental Organizations in the Western Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DuKening

    2004-01-01

    Human society is now undergoing profound changes against the backdrop of rapid development of world multi-polarization, economic globalization and information technology revolution. The present-day era is featured by a worldwide emer-

  2. Strict environmental liability and NGO [non-governmental organisation] damages and enforcement claims: a Dutch and international law perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betlem, G. [University of Exeter (United Kingdom)

    2001-11-01

    The European Commission's 2000 White Paper on Environmental Liability identifies two main functions for civil liability in the context of environmental protection. In addition to compensation for damage to the environment, civil liability is perceived as a tool for the enforcement of EC (public) environmental law. Private actors at the national level are considered to carry out watchdog functions in addition to the Commission at Community level. One way in which non-governmental organisations (NG0s) involved with environmental protection have been recognised by both Dutch and international law is by entitling them to claim the costs of pollution prevention measures. This possibility is included in definition of compensable loss rather than as a separate remedy explicitly made available to NGOs. Insofar as enforcement actions are concerned, a Dutch case against the State is examined in order to identify the legal issues relevant to successful enforcement actions at national level This case is an illustration of the role NGOs can play in using civil liability actions in the context of environmental law. Notable here is what form of injunctive relief is available under Dutch law against the State. The possibilities of ordering the State to comply with a duty to implement a directive are considered. (author)

  3. The good, the ugly and the dirty harry's of conservation: Rethinking the anthropology of conservation NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Bille Larsen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available For the past decade, narrative portrayals of non-governmental organisations (NGOs growing big, 'ugly', and business-minded have become common in both social science and public discourse. At a time when both engagement within NGOs as well as critical analysis from the outside has blossomed, how are the social sciences and anthropology in particular responding? This article suggests that a set of meta-narratives characterise much of the literature analysing conservation NGOs. Such narratives respectively position NGOs as doing good, turning ugly or acting pragmatically through what I label 'Dirty Harry' characteristics. While the critique of conservation NGOs offers a much needed 'reality check', it is time to revisit dichotomies of the 'good' past and the ugly present. The article reviews trends in the literature and offers a case study from the Peruvian Amazon. The final synthesis emphasises the need for a less essentialist perspective tracing heterogeneity and change of NGO activity over time.

  4. Non-fatal occupational injuries among non-governmental employees in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abas, Adinegara Bin Lutfi; Said, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd; Mohammed, Mohammed Azman Bin Aziz; Sathiakumar, Nalini

    2011-01-01

    We analyzed data on non-fatal occupational injuries reported to Malaysia's social security organization from 2002 to 2006. There was a decrease in both the absolute number and the incidence rates of these injuries over time. About 40% of cases occurred in the manufacturing sector followed by the service (17%) and trading (17%) sectors. The agriculture sector reported the highest incidence rate (24.1/1,000), followed by the manufacturing sector subcategories of wood-product manufacturing (22.1/1,000) and non-metallic industries (20.8/1,000). Men age 40 to 59 and persons of Indian ethnicity had a greater tendency to sustain injuries. Government and non-governmental organizations should strive to develop strategies to reduce the occupational injuries targeting vulnerable groups. Enforcement of safety measures will further play an important role to ensure that both employees and employers take special precautions to address workplace hazards.

  5. Non-Governmental Causes for Market Segmentation in China: Distribution Channel, Its Organization and Market Integration%中国国内市场分割的非政府因素探析——流通的渠道、组织与统一市场构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓东; 张昊

    2012-01-01

    现有文献往往把中国地区市场分割的主要原因归结于地方保护主义。本文则试图说明,作为非政府因素的流通渠道及流通组织也会对统一市场构建带来影响。采用31省2000—2009年的面板数据,以“价格法”计算市场分割系数进行回归分析,结果说明流通企业规模的扩大反而有可能带来市场分割的加剧,并且这种关系主要体现在批发环节。流通改革形成了“分枝状”的渠道结构,且因为有助于制造商实现地区价格歧视等原因而在路径依赖中不断自我强化。划分经营区域的经销商不断发展,取消了批发流通组织自主实现商品跨地区流转的作用,并给生产商进入各地区建立销售渠道造成了阻碍。由此,统一市场的构建需要对流通领域给予充分关注。%Existing literature has attributed the market segmentation in China to local protection. The authors argue that distribution channel and organization can also affect the process of market integration as non-governmental factors. With a panel dataset of 31 provinces from 2000 to 2009, segmentation-index is calculated by price approach as the explained variable, the regressions show that market segmentation may be enhanced as distribution firms grow larger. This relationship mainly exists in the wholesale section. The reform of distribution system has resulted in branch- like distribution channels, which are further self-reinforced in a path dependence process because manufacturers benefit from regional price discrimination conditioned on market segmentation. The growing dealers/agents with segmented operating areas have disabled the function of wholesalers to circulate commodities among districts, and hampered the efforts of manufacturers to build distribution channel when entering new regional markets. Thus, considerable emphasis should be put on distribution system when building an integrated market.

  6. Evaluación de un programa de monitoría de la calidad de los servicios otorgados por una Organización no Gubernamental Evaluation of a quality-monitoring program for services provided by a Non-Governmental-Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Lucila Sauceda-Valenzuela

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar el impacto de un programa de monitoría de la calidad sobre la presencia de eventos centinela y las actitudes y conductas del personal ante la presencia de los mismos en una Organización no Gubernamental. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: De acuerdo con un diseño cuasi-experimental del tipo antes y después para evaluar el efecto del programa de monitoría de la calidad se realizó este trabajo de 1998 a 1999, en 13 clínicas de una Organización no Gubernamental. Para la valoración de los cambios en actitudes y conductas se utilizó la comparación de diferencia de medias, y un análisis de varianza entre los grupos. RESULTADOS: Los eventos centinela se redujeron de 32 detectados inicialmente a sólo dos en la evaluación. Se observaron diferencias de medias en el orden de +1.1 y +1.2 para actitudes y conductas en todos los eventos centinela (pOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a quality-monitoring program on the occurrence of sentinel events and on attitudes and behaviors of personnel's responses in a Non-Governmental-Organization (NGO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 1999, a quasi-experimental design of the before-after type was conducted in 13 NGO clinics. Analysis of changes in attitudes and behaviors consisted in differences of means and analysis of variance between groups. RESULTS: The number of sentinel events decreased from 32 events detected before the quality-monitoring program to only 2 after it. Attitudes and behaviors improved, with differences of means of +1.1 and +1.2 (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The quality-monitoring program achieved the expected effects. It is noteworthy that attitudes and behaviors to prevent the occurrence of sentinel events were more prevalent after the intervention.

  7. Youth’s employment training from civil society organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Girardo

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The study of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs is undertaken in this article. They are understood as innovative agents for the design and implementation of specific vocational training programs for young people within the changes in the National vocational education and training policies that took place in Latin America an the Caribbean in the last decade, which are briefly described in this text. The importance of local space and decentralization policies, resulting from the reforms of the Latin American Estate, and the innovation in the management of local governments is the context in which NGOs develop and function. NGOs are part of the idea of a new public space created by the interaction between private and estate spheres. Selected Mexican NGOs operating in a local space and training young people, who otherwise have no other training opportunities are described: their general characteristics, their institutional profile, the population they serve, the approaches, strategies and instruments of their intervention.

  8. Democratic Governance through interaction between NGOs, Universities and Science Shops:Experiences, Expectations, Recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Brodersen, Søsser

    is to contribute to improved interaction between NGOs, universities and Science Shops by providing information on the experiences and expectations of co-operation between small and medium NGOs and universities through intermediaries such as Science Shops. The project should be seen as a contribution...... Measure to ISSNET (the Thematic Network of Inter-national Science Shop Network, Living Knowledge). The INTERACTS research project has included: • A State-of-the-Art survey about political and institutional contexts of co-operation between small to medium non-governmental organisations (NGOs), Science...... Shops, and universities in the partner countries. • Twenty-one national case studies analysing experiences of interaction between NGOs, researchers, students and Science Shops and the impact on societal dis-courses, research agendas and university curricula • The expectations for and perspectives of co...

  9. Analysis of the Development Structure on Non-governmental Enterprises of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jun-bao; GONG Ben-gang

    2002-01-01

    Based on the development of the non-governmental enterprises of science and technology in the past twenty years, this paper applied an interpretive structure model (ISM) to make a research on the regllar development pattern of these enterprises and to probe into the interior development mechanism theoretically. The studying results supply ideas underlying the scientific decision for the govermments at all levels and show the direction of the development of the non- governmental enterprises of science and technology in the future.

  10. Occupational disease among non-governmental employees in Malaysia: 2002-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abas, Adinegara Bin Lutfi; Said, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd; Mohammed, Mohammed Azman Bin Aziz; Sathiakumar, Nalini

    2008-01-01

    In the absence of systematic occupational disease surveillance, other data collected by governmental agencies or industry is useful in the identification of occupational diseases and their control. We examined data on occupational diseases reported by non-governmental employees to the national workers' social security organization in Malaysia, 2002-2006. The overall incidence rate of occupational disease was 2.8 per 100,000 workers. There was an increase in the annual number and rates of occupational disease over time. The most frequently reported conditions were hearing impairment (32%) and musculoskeletal disorders (28%). Workers in the non-metallic manufacturing industry had the highest average incidence rate of hearing impairment (12.7 per 100,000 workers) and musculoskeletal disorders (3.5 per 100,000 workers), compared to all other industries. Preventive measures should focus on safety education, engineering control and workplace ergonomics. Enforcing workplace standards and incorporating an ongoing surveillance system will facilitate the control and reduction of occupational disease.

  11. AIDS NGOS and corruption in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel Jordan

    2012-05-01

    Using two ethnographic case studies, the intersecting dynamics of inequality, morality, and corruption are examined as they play out in Nigerian AIDS NGOs. To the Nigerian public, local AIDS organizations are widely seen as conduits for corruption. But local opinions of particular NGOs and their leaders turn less on whether donor resources were misused and more on the ways that people who accumulate the benefits of corruption use them socially. Nevertheless, discontent swirls about corruption in general, a fact that suggests a gradual change in people's understandings of the processes that produce inequality in Nigeria. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. AIDS NGOS and corruption in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel Jordan

    2011-01-01

    Using two ethnographic case studies, the intersecting dynamics of inequality, morality, and corruption are examined as they play out in Nigerian AIDS NGOs. To the Nigerian public, local AIDS organizations are widely seen as conduits for corruption. But local opinions of particular NGOs and their leaders turn less on whether donor resources were misused and more on the ways that people who accumulate the benefits of corruption use them socially. Nevertheless, discontent swirls about corruption in general, a fact that suggests a gradual change in people's understandings of the processes that produce inequality in Nigeria. PMID:22469532

  13. Analysis of the Cooperation Network between Government and Non-governmental Organizations in Public Crisis Response Based on Social Network Theory---A Case Study on 4 . 20 Ya-an Earthquake%基于SNA的政府与非政府组织在公共危机应对中的合作网络研究--以“4·20”雅安地震为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康伟; 陈茜; 陈波

    2014-01-01

    The wide spread, serious harm and many other characteristics of public crisis have put forward higher require-ments to the crisis response participants. Therefore, in order to deal with public crisis effectively, it becomes more and more significant to establish the cooperation network between government and non-governmental organizations in the public crisis response. On the basis of the 4. 20 Ya-an seismic events in 2013, Social Network Analysis is employed to explore the cooperation network structure characteristics and the role of each node in crisis response. The network viscosity, rele-vance, centricity and cohesive subgroups were measured according to the adjacency matrix data. The results both qualita-tive and quantitative indicate that, the attributes of nodes affect the position, function and behavior choice of the organiza-tions in the network. The stationary, authoritative core institutions responding to crisis should be set up in the cooperation network to be in charge of coordinating relations between organizations and designing flexible incentive systems. The real effective cooperation between the non-governmental organizations should be strengthened in the network.%公共危机的连带性强、危害性大等特征对危机应对主体提出了更高的要求,因此构建政府与非政府组织在公共危机应对中的合作网络对于有效应对公共危机具有重要意义。以2013年“4·20”雅安地震事件为研究对象,运用社会网络分析方法探究政府与非政府组织在公共危机应对中的合作网络结构特征及各节点在危机应对中的作用,并依据邻接矩阵对网络粘性、关联性、中心性和凝聚子群进行测度。定性和定量研究结果表明,节点属性影响组织在网络中的位置、作用及行为选择。公共危机合作网络中需要常设的、权威的危机应对核心机构,负责协调组织间关系并设计灵活的激励制度。网络中的非政府组

  14. The strategies and effectiveness of conservation ngos in the global voluntary standards: The case of the roundtable on sustainable palm-oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Ruysschaert

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Conservation non-governmental organisations (NGOs and firms have been promoting global voluntary standards, such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO, to produce environmentally responsible goods in tropical countries. This research seeks to understand the strategies and the effectiveness of conservation NGOs with respect to the RSPO. Our research documents that the conservation NGOs, when engaging with the RSPO, may be divided into four categories based on the type of resources mobilised and the conservation goals: 1 'Collaborative NGOs' seek to change the system from within by providing scientific research-based information, by holding strategic positions and by creating rules; 2 'Opponent' remains outside the RSPO while using it as a platform for public campaigns; 3 'Opportunistic' focuses on conserving geographical areas by adopting either collaborative or opponent strategies to reach their goals; and 4 'Sceptic' supports communities to secure local land rights. These NGOs have implemented strategies that strengthened RSPO's institution. However, the institutionalisation of the RSPO prevents the NGOs from reaching their goals for three reasons: 1 individual NGOs cannot change strategy; 2 NGOs using different engagement strategies are unable to collaborate; and 3 the sceptic NGOs are structurally excluded from the RSPO, though local land rights are a fundamental matter of concern for biodiversity conservation. NGOs would be more effective in reaching their goals either by focussing on their initial conservation objectives or by strategically collaborating with each other outside the structures of the RSPO.

  15. Scope and importance of non-governmental organisations activities’ and their evaluation by rural residents of the podkarpackie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grzybek

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the type of operating 210 non-governmental organizations and the scope of their activities in rural areas the Podkarpackie province. The research results show that most active units are, commonly known by inhabitants, voluntary fire brigades, sports clubs, farmer housewives’ associations and folkloristic associations. The activity of these organisations was related to learning, culture, education, upbringing, as well as public safety and environment protection. The opinions of 595 people from the surveyed municipalities were taken into account, in terms of quality of their activities in the local community. The results confirmed full acceptance of nonprofit organizations’ activity, and dominance of good and very good ratings was a recognition of high quality of their services and important role they play in rural areas of the Podkarpackie province.

  16. Environmental non-government organizations' perceptions of geologic sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Ray, Isha; Farrell, Alexander E [Energy and Resources Group, 310 Barrows Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)], E-mail: gwongpar@berkeley.edu, E-mail: isharay@berkeley.edu, E-mail: aef@berkeley.edu

    2008-04-15

    Environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been influential in shaping public perceptions of environmental problems, their causes and potential solutions. Over the last decade, carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged as a potentially important technological response to climate change. In this paper we investigate how leading US NGOs perceive geologic sequestration, a potentially controversial part of CCS. We examine how and why their perceptions and strategies might differ, and if and how they plan to shape public perceptions of geologic sequestration. We approach these questions through semi-structured interviews with representatives from a range of NGOs, supplemented by content analysis of their documents. We find that while all the NGOs are committed to combating climate change, their views on CCS as a mitigation strategy vary considerably. We find that these views are correlated with NGOs' histories of activism and advocacy, as well as with their sources of funding. Overall, most of these NGOs accept the necessity of geologic sequestration, while only a small fraction do not.

  17. Research on NGOs'intervention strategies in public opinions: an analysis based on Guizhentang Event%论非政府组织的舆论干预策略——以归真堂事件为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵振宇; 魏猛

    2012-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations are an important part of civil society. In Guizhentang event, some environmental protection organizations and animal protection groups took full advantage of media, affected social public opinions, prevented Guizhentang to be a listed company, changed the behavior of the government and the market, and the NGOs" skills of influencing public opinion deserve to be used for reference for the government and other NGOs. With the development of political democratization and information network, NGOs will make use of media more actively, and their interventions in public opinions will be more diversified and more hidden, which will promote a more diversified society but will also bring many uncertainties. So it is an inevitable choice to nor- malize NGOs" activities in public opinions for the construction of harmonious society.%非政府组织是公民社会的重要组成部分。归真堂事件中,一些环保组织和动物保护组织积极利用媒体,干预社会舆论,成功阻止归真堂上市,影响了政府和市场行为,其干预舆论的技巧值得政府和其他非政府组织借鉴。随着政治民主化和信息网络化的发展,非政府组织会更加积极地利用媒体,干预舆论的行为也更加多样化和隐蔽化,这既促进社会的多元化发展,也为社会稳定带来很多不确定因素。规范非政府组织的舆论活动是构建和谐社会的必然选择。

  18. The Summary of the Chinese Non'governmental Organization Research in Recent Years%近几年来我国非政府组织的研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庚伦; 郭华

    2011-01-01

    At present, China has initially established the social management pattern of Party leadership, government responsibility, social coordination, public participation, in which non-governmental organizationshave played a very important role. This article sums up the Chinese non-governmental organization research from basic theory of NGOs, study of the relationship between NGOs and government, NGOs' function, topicsof NGOs, NGOs' participation in social management, NGOs in the ethnic minority areas.%当前我国已初步建立了“党委领导、政府负责、社会协同、公众参与”的社会管理格局,非政府组织在其中起了非常重要的作用。本文从当前我国非政府组织的基础理论、非政府组织与政府的关系、非政府组织的功能、非政府组织的专题、非政府组织参与社会管理、民族地区非政府组织等几个方面进行了归纳、整理。

  19. Avaliação do capital intelectual desenvolvido em organizações não governamentais: comparação entre entidades brasileiras e portuguesas = Intellectual capital’s assessment developed in non-governmental organizations: comparing portuguese and Brazilian organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Souza Lúcio Oliveira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available As organizações exigem uma gestão cada vez mais dinâmica e atualizada e o capital intelectual possui uma parcela significativa na criação de vantagens competitivas nas entidades. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo consiste em investigar a presença do capital intelectual em entidades sem fins lucrativos portuguesas e as atitudes dos gestores acerca de sua gestão, além de comparar os resultados aos encontrados por Colauto e Avelino (2008 em entidades sem fins lucrativos brasileiras. O delineamento da pesquisa caracteriza-se como estudo exploratório. Os dados são primários e foram levantados por meio da aplicação de um questionário em entidades sem fins lucrativos portuguesas em 2009. As questões foram agrupadas em três categorias com 8 questionamentos para cada grupo, cuja intenção foi mapear os elementos relacionadas ao Capital Humano, Capital Estrutural e Capital de Relacionamentos. Para a quantificação dos elementos investigados, empregou-se uma escala Likert para detectar o grau de concordância/discordância dos respondentes em relação às assertivas propostas. Os resultados corroboram os de Colauto e Avelino (2008 e indicam tendência das entidades portuguesas em concordar com as proposições efetuadas para identificar os elementos relacionados ao Capital Humano, Capital Estrutural e Capital de Relacionamentos. Nas entidades portuguesas, o Capital Humano foi a categoria que apresentou resultados mais significativos (média do grau de concordância = 83%, enquanto nas entidades brasileiras destaque maior foi dado ao Capital de Relacionamentos (média do grau de concordância = 83%.The organizations require a more dynamic and updated management and the intellectual capital has a significant part in creating a competitive advantage in the entities. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the intellectual capital presence in nonprofit Portuguese organizations and their managers’ attitudes, beyond compare the

  20. International Non-governmental Organizations: Legitimate Actors in the System of Climate Change Treaties%论气候变化条约体系中国际非政府组织的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝雅烨子

    2012-01-01

    International non-governmental organizations(NGOs) have always played an important role in the development of climate change treaties.However,the current climate change treaties do not stipulate the status of NGOs through norms,which causes NGOs can only make influence informally.The author,beginning with the interpretation of relevant treaties,considers the status of NGOs in the future climate change treaties constructively on the basis of the existing international practice.Conclusively,the author suggests that the activities of NGOs should be put within the regulation of climate change treaties,while the climate change treaties should provide access for NGOs to participate in decision-making process and strengthen the function of NOGs in the dispute settlement concerning climate change treaties.%国际非政府组织一直以来对气候变化条约体系的发展都起着重要的推动作用,然而目前的气候变化条约却并没有明确规范非政府组织的地位,致使非政府组织只能通过非正式的活动发挥影响。文章从条约解释的角度出发,结合已有的国际实践,对未来的气候变化条约中非政府组织的地位进行建构性的探讨,认为应当将非政府组织的活动纳入气候变化条约体系的规范中,为它们提供参与决策的渠道,并且加强非政府组织在气候变化条约争端解决中的作用。

  1. 60th Anniversary of Turkish Librarian's Association: From the Association in the Public Interest Perspective to Non-Governmental Organization Perspective Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği’nin 60. Kuruluş Yıldönümü: Kamuya Yararlı Dernek Anlayışından Sivil Toplum Örgütlüğüne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tayfun Gülle

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the difference between the association which is public interest and the non-governmental organization in the context of 60th anniversary of Turkish Librarians' Association (TKD. Instead of discussing what is achieved or not achieved within these 60 years of TKD, The issue is associated with globalisation and the focus is on finding solutions to problems with the interactive contribution of colleagues and departments of information management, and on the concern that the international think tanks will intervene in our professional problems and we will alienate from our original professional culture. Bu makalede Türkiye'deki kamuya yararlı dernek ve sivil toplum örgütü kavramları arasındaki fark, kuruluşunun 60, yıldönümünde Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği (TKD bağlamında incelenmektedir. TKD'nin 60 yılda geldiği noktada yaptıkları veya yapamadıklarını tartışmaktan öte konu küreselleşme ile birlikte ele alınmakta olup, sorunlara meslektaşlar ve bilgi ve belge yönetimi bölümlerinin etkileşimli katkı sağlanması ile çözüm yollarının bulunabileceği aksi takdirde uluslararası düşünce üretme kuruluşlarının (think tank mesleki sorunlarımıza el atması ve giderek özgün mesleki kültürümüze yabancılaşacağımız kaygısı üzerinde odaklaşmaktadır.

  2. Review of FAO's policy of cooperation with NGOs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Reform of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) was based on the recognition that the FAO should concentrate on roles and functions it can best perform and broaden links with other groups. This outreach effort was institutionalized by creation of the Unit for Cooperation with the Private Sector and NGOs (nongovernmental organizations). In 1996, this unit was charged with a thorough review of FAO's policy towards NGOs. The resulting report was widely distributed at a 1996 NGO Forum, and input has been sought from field office and technical department reviews of the status of their own cooperation with NGOs. These separate exercises are being combined to formulate a policy statement to be issued in 1998 for discussion with NGOs. The policy statement will propose cooperation in the areas of 1) field programs, 2) policy dialogue, 3) exchange of information and promoting public awareness, and 4) mobilization of resources.

  3. Dominican NGOs move from competition to collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, H

    1995-07-01

    In 1992, the seven nongovernmental organizations (NGO) working to prevent HIV/AIDS in the Dominican Republic received most of their funding and technical assistance from the US Agency for International Development (USAID). In September 1992, however, USAID's AIDSTECH project asked the AIDS Control and Prevention (AIDSCAP) Project to prepare the NGOs for the time when USAID would no longer be their main source of support. To that end, AIDSCAP worked with NGO staff to assess their technical, managerial, and administrative needs, and identified a lack of administrative and managerial experience among many NGO staff. AIDSCAP therefore developed an institutional strengthening plan, including a series of capacity building workshops, in 1993. Many NGOs, however, foreseeing the impending need to compete with other NGOs for limited funds, were not interested in sharing ideas and working together. This article describes how Coordinadora de Animacion Socio-Cultural (CASCO) and the Instituto Dominicano de Desarrollo Integral (IDDI) competed in the context of uncertainty over continued donor funding, but now meet regularly to coordinate HIV/AIDS prevention projects for youth in the Dominican Republic.

  4. (NGOs) AND GLOBAL SOCIAL CHANGE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    international society appears stuck in its traditional system of response that ... In section three, the paper shall engage in a positive assessment of NGOs .... cover where possible a substantial number of countries in different regions of ..... provides rapid relief during and after complex humanitarian disaster with or without UN.

  5. The voices and protests of China's labour NGOs and their effort to promote migrant worker rights

    OpenAIRE

    Yamaguchi, Mami

    2015-01-01

    Labour NGOs in China are relatively new organizations that emerged in the 1990s and have spread during the 2000s. Migrant workers in China are weak both socially and economically and have been lacking ways of voicing grievances and protesting. Grassroots labour NGOs for migrant workers seem to be an efficient channel for their voices. This paper examines how labour NGOs emerged and how they function in the context of current Chinese society. This paper adopts the case study method to describe...

  6. Study of the Non-governmental Organization Involved in the Modern Community Management: Based on the Perspective of the Social Conflict Theory%非营利组织介入现代社区管理研究——基于社会冲突理论的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞小宁; 杨春雪

    2013-01-01

    文章从社会冲突理论的视角出发,分析了社区中存在的问题,并对这些冲突引起的问题做了反思,提出在社区管理中引入一个新的个体——非营利组织来协助业主委员会对物业公司的有效监督,有利于提高社区服务的质量和效益.针对问题寻求解决途径,对非营利组织功能发挥建立充满活力的现代社区有指导意义.%The essay, from the perspective of social conflict theory, analyzed the problems existing in the community, and also, it proposed the introduction of a new individual--non-profit organization to help the community management effectivel.This organization will help to enhance the quality and efficiency of community service, to find ways to solve problems and will play a gunding significance in functioning non-profit organization and establishing a vibrant modern community.

  7. Experiences about HIV-AIDS preventive-control activities: Discourses from non-governmental organizations professionals and users Experiencias sobre la prevención y el control del VIH-sida: Discursos de los profesionales y usuarios de las organizaciones no gubernamentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Berenguera

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The main aim of this study was to identify the experiences of professionals in nongovernmental organizations (NGO in Catalonia (Spain working in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities and potential areas of improvement of these activities and their evaluation. A further aim was to characterize the experiences, knowledge and practices of users of these organizations with regard to HIV infection and its prevention. Methods: A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted with the participation of both professionals and users of Catalan nongovernmental organizations (NGO working in HIV/AIDS. Theoretical sampling (professional and opportunistic sampling (users were performed. To collect information, the following techniques were used: four focus groups and one triangular group (professionals, 22 semi-structured interviews, and two observations (users. A thematic interpretive content analysis was conducted by three analysts. Results: The professionals of nongovernmental organizations working in HIV/AIDS adopted a holistic approach in their activities, maintained confidentiality, had cultural and professional competence and followed the principles of equality and empathy. The users of these organizations had knowledge of HIV/AIDS and understood the risk of infection. However, a gap was found between knowledge, attitudes and behavior. Conclusions: NGO offer distinct activities adapted to users' needs. Professionals emphasize the need for support and improvement of planning and implementation of current assessment. The preventive activities of these HIV/AIDS organizations are based on a participatory health education model adjusted to people's needs and focused on empowerment.Objetivos: Identificar las experiencias y actividades de las organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG que trabajan en la prevención y control del VIH/sida, las posibles áreas de mejora de las actividades y de su evaluación, e identificar las experiencias

  8. Chinese NGOs in action against HIV/AIDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua; XU; Yi; ZENG; Allen; F; ANDERSON

    2005-01-01

    Chinese nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have played a significant role in the battle against AIDS in the People's Republic of China. This article provides a brief overview of the structure of these organizations, as well as an analysis of their principle accomplishments. Of great significance in this analysis is the fact that Chinese NGOs have effectively dealt with many sensitive health education areas that government authorities have felt reluctant to handle directly. As such, they have provided an indispensable component in the HIV/AIDS prevention and control calculus on the mainland.

  9. Can NGOs regulate medicines markets? Social enterprise in wholesaling, and access to essential medicines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Citizens of high income countries rely on highly regulated medicines markets. However low income countries' impoverished populations generally struggle for access to essential medicines through out-of-pocket purchase on poorly regulated markets; results include ill health, drug resistance and further impoverishment. While the role of health facilities owned by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in low income countries is well documented, national and international wholesaling of essential medicines by NGOs is largely unstudied. This article describes and assesses the activity of NGOs and social enterprise in essential medicines wholesaling. Methods The article is based on a set of interviews conducted in 2006-8 with trading NGOs and social enterprises operating in Europe, India and Tanzania. The analysis applies socio-legal and economic perspectives on social enterprise and market regulation. Results Trading NGOs can resist the perverse incentives inherent in medicines wholesaling and improve access to essential medicines; they can also, in definable circumstances, exercise a broader regulatory influence over their markets by influencing the behaviour of competitors. We explore reasons for success and failure of social enterprise in essential medicines wholesaling, including commercial manufacturers' market response; social enterprise traders' own market strategies; and patterns of market advantage, market segmentation and subsidy generated by donors. Conclusions We conclude that, in the absence of effective governmental activity and regulation, social enterprise wholesaling can improve access to good quality essential medicines. This role should be valued and where appropriate supported in international health policy design. NGO regulatory impact can complement but should not replace state action. PMID:21356076

  10. Can NGOs regulate medicines markets? Social enterprise in wholesaling, and access to essential medicines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaudhuri Sudip

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Citizens of high income countries rely on highly regulated medicines markets. However low income countries' impoverished populations generally struggle for access to essential medicines through out-of-pocket purchase on poorly regulated markets; results include ill health, drug resistance and further impoverishment. While the role of health facilities owned by non-governmental organisations (NGOs in low income countries is well documented, national and international wholesaling of essential medicines by NGOs is largely unstudied. This article describes and assesses the activity of NGOs and social enterprise in essential medicines wholesaling. Methods The article is based on a set of interviews conducted in 2006-8 with trading NGOs and social enterprises operating in Europe, India and Tanzania. The analysis applies socio-legal and economic perspectives on social enterprise and market regulation. Results Trading NGOs can resist the perverse incentives inherent in medicines wholesaling and improve access to essential medicines; they can also, in definable circumstances, exercise a broader regulatory influence over their markets by influencing the behaviour of competitors. We explore reasons for success and failure of social enterprise in essential medicines wholesaling, including commercial manufacturers' market response; social enterprise traders' own market strategies; and patterns of market advantage, market segmentation and subsidy generated by donors. Conclusions We conclude that, in the absence of effective governmental activity and regulation, social enterprise wholesaling can improve access to good quality essential medicines. This role should be valued and where appropriate supported in international health policy design. NGO regulatory impact can complement but should not replace state action.

  11. Developing multiculturality: the discourses on integration of Danish and Spanish non-governmental organisations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    Since multiculturality is a fact in Europe, as a consequence of the intensification of immigration and human mobility, all countries have to deal with it and they do so applying different understandings of integration and the role of the host society. The individual governments, as occurs in Denm...... in both countries differ in fields such as the main type of immigrant, the rights to be claimed, and the position against government. This paper analyses the discursive strategies of the Danish and Spanish NGOs and the multicultural models they project....

  12. The Role of International Non-Governmental Organisations in Promoting Adult Education for Social Change: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Lutz; Hickling-Hudson, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the role of International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in adult education as one instrument of global civil society to effect social change. Postcolonial theory is utilized to explore the complex relationships between the concepts of "globalisation", "global civil, society", and "adult education for social change". In…

  13. The Role of International Non-Governmental Organisations in Promoting Adult Education for Social Change: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Lutz; Hickling-Hudson, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the role of International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in adult education as one instrument of global civil society to effect social change. Postcolonial theory is utilized to explore the complex relationships between the concepts of "globalisation", "global civil, society", and "adult education for social change". In…

  14. Media and Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (ENGOs) Roles in Environmental Sustainability Communication in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamad Saifudin, Mohamad Saleh

    2017-01-01

    Considering the massive environmental problems occurring in Malaysia, the media and the ENGOs are said to play pivotal roles in delivering environmental information to the mass society in order to increase their awareness, knowledge and practices towards the environment and sustainability. This study sought to shed the light on the type of roles…

  15. Municipal & Non-Governmental Organization Conservation Lands; LocCons11

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Non-State Conservation lands are real property permanently protected from future development by fee simple ownership, conservation or other restrictive easements, or...

  16. Humanitarian NGOs and Mediations of Political Order in Sri Lanka

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that international and national humanitarian NGOs have a far more fundamental bearing on the social reconstitution of Sri Lankan society as a political, cultural, and moral entity than is usually acknowledged. Through their interventions, humanitarian agencies affect the power...... relationship between state and non-state actors and between local organizations and the war-affected populations that make up their constituencies. But NGOs also affect the political order by introducing new understandings of the citizen and providing alternative moral arguments to legitimize power...

  17. The changing role of health-oriented international organizations and nongovernmental organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okma, Kieke G H; Kay, Adrian; Hockenberry, Shelby; Liu, Joanne; Watkins, Susan

    2016-10-01

    Apart from governments, there are many other actors active in the health policy arena, including a wide array of international organizations (IOs), public-private partnerships and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that state as their main mission to improve the health of (low-income) populations of low-income countries. Despite the steady rise in numbers and prominence of NGOs, however, there is lack of empirical knowledge about their functioning in the international policy arena, and most studies focus on the larger organizations. This has also caused a somewhat narrow focus of theoretical studies. Some scholars applied the 'principal-agent' theory to study the origins of IOs, for example, other focus on changing power relations. Most of those studies implicitly assume that IOs, public-private partnerships and large NGOs act as unified and rational actors, ignoring internal fragmentation and external pressure to change directions. We assert that the classic analytical instruments for understanding the shaping and outcome of public policy: ideas, interests and institutions apply well to the study of IOs. As we will show, changing ideas about the proper role of state and non-state actors, changing positions and activities of major stakeholders in the (international) health policy arena, and shifts in political institutions that channel the voice of diverging interests resulted in (and reflected) the changing positions of the health-oriented organizations-and also affect their future outlook. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Transnational NGOs between Popular Uprising and Authoritarian Regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2013-01-01

    movements, organizations and communities engaged in de-territorialized socio‐cultural, political and economic activities. This paper focuses on the role of transnational NGOs (TNGOs) in recent developments in Egypt. The current scholarly debate on the so‐called “Arab spring” considers the mobilization...

  19. Effects of organisational policies and practices on job satisfaction among employees of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs)

    OpenAIRE

    Ifabua, A

    2009-01-01

    Since International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) gained United Nations’ recognition in the 1950s, they have continued to grow in stature as key global players. Consequently, a lot of research attention has been devoted to the global influence of INGOs and the management challenges that they face. Despite steady increase in the number of research publications that focus on a wide range of INGO issues, employee job satisfaction has yet to receive serious research attention. This study...

  20. Cooperation between scientists, NGOs and industry in support of sustainable fisheries: the South African hake Merluccius spp. trawl fishery experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, J G; Attwood, C G; Jarre, A; Sink, K; Atkinson, L J; Petersen, S

    2013-10-01

    This paper examines the increasingly close interaction between natural and social scientists, non-governmental organizations (NGO) and industry, in pursuit of responsible ecosystem-based management of fisheries. South Africa has committed to implementing an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Management advice stems from multi-stakeholder representation on government-led scientific and management working groups. In the hake Merluccius capensis and Merluccius paradoxus fishery, the primary management measure is an annual total allowable catch (TAC), the level of which is calculated using a management procedure (MP) that is revised approximately every 4 years. Revision of the MP is a consultative process involving most stakeholders, and is based on simulation modelling of projected probable scenarios of resource and fishery dynamics under various management options. NGOs, such as the Worldwide Fund for Nature in South Africa (WWF-SA), have played an important role in influencing consumers, the fishing industry and government to develop responsible fishing practices that minimize damage to marine ecosystems. Cooperation between industry, government and scientists has helped to improve sustainability and facilitated the meeting of market-based incentives for more responsible fisheries. Research includes ecosystem modelling, spatial analysis and ecosystem risk assessment with increasing research focus on social and economic aspects of the fishery. A four-year cooperative experiment to quantify the effect of trawling on benthic community structure is being planned. The food requirements of top predators still need to be included in the TAC-setting formulae and more social and economic research is needed. This paper also demonstrates how NGO initiatives such as Marine Stewardship Council certification and the Southern African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, a traffic light system of classifying seafood for consumers, have contributed to responsible fishing

  1. NGOs : legitimate subjects of international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Szazi, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    The manuscript studies NGOs in international law. For that purpose, NGOs were appraised under each of the sources of international law, which, according to authoritative legal doctrine, were listed in article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice. The thesis also addresses the chal

  2. ONGs e escolas públicas: a palavra dos educadores / NGOs and public schools: the word of educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Monteiro da Silva

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as conexões entre o público e o privado, no contexto particular do chamado “terceiro setor” e sua repercussão para a área educacional. Ao lado de outros atores, representados por organizações da sociedade civil, as organizações não-governamentais (ONGs têm ganho cada vez mais visibilidade e despertado o interesse sob diferentes perspectivas. No Brasil, o tema da articulação entre o público e o privado, na área da educação, tem se apoiado muito mais em discursos do que em práticas. Neste artigo discuto resultados de pesquisa qualitativa na qual examino a hipótese de que existe uma contribuição entre ONGs e escolas públicas básicas. Algumas ONGs, na formulação de seus programas e projetos, apesar de estimularem estudantes a frequentar escolas, invalidam as ações por estas realizadas. Tais procedimentos têm contribuído para suscitar oposições entre ONGs e escolas públicas, traduzidas, por exemplo, nas atitudes de estudantes que demonstram interesse, comprometimento e engajamento nas ONGs e apatia, desmotivação e extrema aversão à escola. A falta de uma legislação específica, a ausência de estatísticas oficiais, os discursos sem fundamentação e a pouca visibilidade dos atores que efetivam a parceria entre ONG e escola são elementos importantes deste contexto. Docentes de escolas públicas que atuam simultaneamente em projetos sociais de ONGs se apresentam como atores privilegiados para a compreensão deste contexto.This article examines the connections between public and private sphere, in the particular context of the "third sector " and its consequences for education. Along with other players, represented by civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs has gained increasing visibility and sparked interest from different perspectives. In Brazil, the articulation between public and private sectors, in education, has relied more speeches than in practice. This

  3. Organizational development in Ethiopia: Factors affecting organizations’ implementation of feedback

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ariel Falconer; Katherine Semrau; Malcolm Bryant

    2014-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) receiving organizational development assistance funded and facilitated by a third party frequently receive recommendations designed to improve their overall functioning...

  4. The contribution of a non-governmental organisation's Community Based Tuberculosis Care Programme to case finding in Myanmar: trend over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maung, Htet Myet Win; Saw, Saw; Isaakidis, Petros; Khogali, Mohammed; Reid, Anthony; Hoa, Nguyen Binh; Zaw, Ko Ko; Thein, Saw; Aung, Si Thu

    2017-04-03

    It is estimated that the standard, passive case finding (PCF) strategy for detecting cases of tuberculosis (TB) in Myanmar has not been successful: 26% of cases are missing. Therefore, alternative strategies, such as active case finding (ACF) by community volunteers, have been initiated since 2011. This study aimed to assess the contribution of a Community Based TB Care Programme (CBTC) by local non-government organizations (NGOs) to TB case finding in Myanmar over 4 years. This was a descriptive study using routine, monitoring data. Original data from the NGOs were sent to a central registry within the National TB Programme and data for this study were extracted from that database. Data from all 84 project townships in five regions and three states in Myanmar were used. The project was launched in 2011. Over time, the number of presumptive TB cases that were referred decreased, except in the Yangon Region, although in some areas, the numbers fluctuated. At the same time, there was a trend for the proportion of cases treated, compared to those referred, that decreased over time (P = 0.051). Overall, among 84 townships, the contribution of CBTC to total case detection deceased from 6% to 4% over time (P < 0.001). Contrary to expectations and evidence from previous studies in other countries, a concerning reduction in TB case finding by local NGO volunteer networks in several areas in Myanmar was recorded over 4 years. This suggests that measures to support the volunteer network and improve its performance are needed. They may include discussion with local NGOs human resources personnel, incentives for the volunteers, closer supervision of volunteers and improved monitoring and evaluation tools.

  5. A Study of Symbiosis Mechanism and Symbiosis Mode between Rural Non- governmental Finance and Small- scale Enterprises%农村民间金融与小微企业共生机理及模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉; 王吉恒

    2012-01-01

    There are many small enterprises in China' s rural area. Since the open and reform, small enter prises made great contribution to Chinese economic growth. But the financing squeeze is always bottlenecks they must face in their development process. When formal financial organizations can' t fulfill the small enter prises capital needs,non governmental finance open a new road to the small enterprises. The paper studies symbiosis mechanism and symbiosis mode between rural non governmental finance and small enterprises from symbiosis theory view, and discusses measures about non governmental finance supporting local small enter prises and promoting local economic prosperity.%我国农村地区小微企业众多。改革开放以来,小微企业为中国经济增长做出重要贡献,但融资难一直是制约其发展的瓶颈。在正规金融机构无法满足小微企业资金需求的情况下,民间金融机构为小微企业融资开拓了新路。本文试从共生理论的视角对农村民间金融与地方小微企业共生机理及模式进行系统研究,探讨民间金融更好地支持地方小微企业发展,促进地方经济繁荣的对策。

  6. 民办高等教育中介组织发展的动因、障碍与对策%The Development Motivation, Problems and Solutions of Non-governmental Higher Education Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾小军

    2016-01-01

    Actively developing education agent is an important path to coordinate the relationship between government and univer-sity, and to promote the classified and standardized management of non-governmental higher education.The motivation on the de-velopment of non-governmental higher education agent is theory-driven, policy encouragement and reality demands but there exist obstacles of imperfect legal system, government intervention, limited function, organization and voluntary failure.It needs gov-ernment to play a leading role to achieve the breakthrough in regulation, streamline administration and decentralization, and insti-tutional building so as to promote the sustainable and healthy development of non-governmental higher education agent.%积极发展教育中介组织,是协调政府与高校关系、推进民办高等教育分类管理与规范化管理的重要途径。当前民办高等教育中介组织发展源自理论驱动、政策鼓励与现实诉求,但也存在法制不健全、政府干预失范、功能发挥受限和组织失灵等障碍,需要政府发挥主导作用,在法规调控、简政分权和制度建设等方面有所突破,方能促进民办高等教育中介组织的持续健康发展。

  7. Where are the NGOs and why? The distribution of health and development NGOs in Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galway, Lindsay P; Corbett, Kitty K; Zeng, Leilei

    2012-11-23

    The presence and influence of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the landscape of global health and development have dramatically increased over the past several decades. The distribution of NGO activity and the ways in which contextual factors influence the distribution of NGO activity across geographies merit study. This paper explores the distribution of NGO activity, using Bolivia as a case study, and identifies local factors that are related to the distribution of NGO activity across municipalities in Bolivia. The research question is addressed using a geographic information system (GIS) and multiple regression analyses of count data. We used count data of the total number of NGO projects across Bolivian municipalities to measure NGO activity both in general and in the health sector specifically and national census data for explanatory variables of interest. This study provides one of the first empirical analyses exploring factors related to the distribution of NGO activity at the national scale. Our analyses show that NGO activity in Bolivia, both in general and health-sector specific, is distributed unevenly across the country. Results indicate that NGO activity is related to population size, extent of urbanization, size of the indigenous population, and health system coverage. Results for NGO activity in general and health-sector specific NGO activity were similar. The uneven distribution of NGO activity may suggest a lack of co-ordination among NGOs working in Bolivia as well as a lack of co-ordination among NGO funders. Co-ordination of NGO activity is most needed in regions characterized by high NGO activity in order to avoid duplication of services and programmes and inefficient use of limited resources. Our findings also indicate that neither general nor health specific NGO activity is related to population need, when defined as population health status or education level or poverty levels. Considering these results we discuss broader implications

  8. Transnational NGOs between Popular Uprising and Authoritarian Regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2013-01-01

    movements, organizations and communities engaged in de-territorialized socio‐cultural, political and economic activities. This paper focuses on the role of transnational NGOs (TNGOs) in recent developments in Egypt. The current scholarly debate on the so‐called “Arab spring” considers the mobilization...... positions of these organizations and might eventually encourage the return to authoritarianism. After introductory remarks on the background of the uprising, the paper proceeds to theoretical discussion of transnational engagement followed by recent historical and current empirical developments...

  9. NGOs, Trust, and the Accountability Agenda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keating, Vincent Charles; Thrandardottir, Erla

    2017-01-01

    NGOs are undergoing an alleged crisis of trustworthiness. The past decades have seen an increase in both academic and practitioner skepticism, particularly given the transformations many NGOs have undergone in size, professionalism, and political importance. The accountability agenda, which...... stresses transparency and external oversight, has gained a significant amount of traction as a means to solve this crisis. But the causal link between the implementation of these recommendations and increased trustworthiness among donors has never been considered. This paper bridges this gap by drawing...

  10. Reconceptualising NGOs and their Roles in Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , an to present new analythical approaches. A key priority is to present work that is rooted in stronger theoretical-frameworks than has previously been the case, while still maintaining a relevance to policy and practice. The authors presented here are critical of many of the theories and concepts that frame...... by a combination of an over-identification with NGOs, an excessive emphasis on technical/organisational issues and a lack of theoretical-contextual analysis. The result has been work that often bows to policy rhetoric and uncritically and unhelpful serves to sustain a set of myths about NGOs and their performance...

  11. Retrospective on a Brilliant Chapter of Non-Governmental Diplomacy Between China and Latin America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>On March 16,1960,the China -Latin America and the Caribbean Friendship Association (CLACFA) jointly launched by the Chinese People’s Association for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries and 14 other people’s organizations was founded.As we now celebrate the 50th anniversary,I would like to reflect on the past as a person who had the opportunity to

  12. Dutch NGOs and Private Sector Partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. van der Heul (Anke)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractNGOs are increasingly working with the business sector as partner for enhancing the effectiveness of their own development projects and vice versa. This results in an increasing amount of Profit-Nonprofit Partnerships (PNPs). In her research project, Anke van der Heul aimed to better und

  13. 民办高校学报互认机制研究%On the Mechanism for Mutual Recognition of Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning Journals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈汉轮; 毛红霞

    2014-01-01

    当前,绝大多数民办高校学报不具备公开刊号,处于内部准印非公开出版的状况。在学术期刊供不应求的现状下,民办高校教师的科研能力比较薄弱,在激烈的竞争中处于劣势。文章提出建立民办高校学报互认机制,以期扩大民办高校学报的覆盖面,为民办高校教师提供更多的学术平台,对有效提升民办高校科研能力有较大的推动作用。%The vast majority of non-governmental institutions of higher learning journals are not openly published.As academic journals are in short supply, staffs'scientific research ability in non-governmental institutions of higher learning is relatively weak which puts them in a disadvantaged position in the fierce competition.The paper proposes to establish a mechanism for mutual recognition of non-governmental institutions of higher learning journals, so as to extend their coverage and meet the research needs of staffs in non-governmental institutions of higher learning.It can play a great role in expanding communication of the journals and promoting scientific research ability of non-governmental institutions of higher learning.

  14. Corporation as Civil Organization in a CSR Campaign: The Challenge of Maintaining Credibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trapp, Leila

    2011-01-01

    , governments and civil society (Van Marrewijk, 2003). Within this framework, the case study contributes to our understanding of the motivation for the increasing number of CSR partnerships between business and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) (Googins & Rochlin, 2000). More specifically, the analysis...... are recognized and maintained in CSR campaigns, challenges to a company’s credibility and reputation can arise. Key words: corporate social responsibility, corporate communication, cross-sector partnerships, corporate sustainability, campaigns, collaboration Paper type: case study Googins, B. K., Rochlin, S. A....... (2000). Creating the partnership society: Understanding the rhetoric and reality of cross-sectoral partnerships. Business and Society Review, 105(1), 127-144. Stohl, C., Stohl, M. & Popova, L. (2009). A new generation of corporate codes of ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 90(4), 607-622. Van...

  15. Escape from poverty: Obstacles preventing NGOs from becoming fully fledged service providers in the area of social protection in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bošković Aleksandar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with possible solutions of problems affecting particularly vulnerable parts of the population - the elderly, poor, and refugees, among others. In order to fully realize the potential for providing services for the unprivileged, it is necessary to establish full cooperation between civil sector and non-governmental organizations, and government agencies. The paper covers some issues that explain lack of cooperation between these sectors and offers some recommendations for the immediate future.

  16. The contribution of rural institutions to rural development: Study of smallholder farmer groups and NGOs in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents results from a quantitative analysis of the contribution of nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) and smallholder farmer groups as sample rural institutions in addressing four main rural developmental objectives via improving health, education, agriculture and industry. The study involved 87 respondents from 40 organizations including19 NGOs and 21 smallholder farmer groups from central region of Uganda. Data from questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews, key inf...

  17. Twitter and its Usage for Dialogic Stakeholder Communication by MNCs and NGOs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoeneborn, Dennis; Inauen, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    practices by MNCs. In response, MNCs have started applying social media technologies for corporate communication purposes. However, given the novelty of these activities, we lack knowledge on how these organizations make use of social media. Therefore, in this chapter, we examine how MNCs and NGOs utilize...... one particular social media application, that is, Twitter, for dialogic stakeholder communication. In our empirical study, we examine current practices of Twitter usage by MNCs and NGOs. We investigate a dataset of more than 3,000 Twitter articles from 30 MNCs and 30 NGOs in the German-speaking world...... communication in the age of social media. Moreover, the study methodologically contributes to the study of social media in the context of corporate communication by applying the scale of “conceptual orality or literality” to MNCs’ and NGOs’ Twitter usage....

  18. How Can Officers Be Better Prepared to Interact with Non-Governmental Organizations in a Post-Conflict Environment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    post-conflict areas.46 The military has recognized its popularity and has decided to try to advance this technology in order to develop a resource...should be invited to participate in military education and training. The Jul26, 2011 8:16PM recent Talisman Sabre 2011 is an excellent example of

  19. On the Mechanisms of Religious NGOs to Resolve Religious Conflicts%宗教非政府组织解决宗教冲突机制探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜湘; 张弘杨

    2015-01-01

    With the end of the cold war, the opposition and conflict of international religious culture has become an important focus of international relations. However, for the time being we still lack effective solutions to religious conflicts in international arena. In addition, the international economic and political pattern has increasingly complicated the international religious conflicts. All these factors restrict the resolution of interna-tional religious conflicts, and hinder international cooperation and development. International Religious NGOs is one of the major members of international community. It has developed complete intervention mechanism during the long process of coping with religious conflicts relying on training, prayer, direct mediation, and development aid programs and so forth. As religious NGOs are religious, non-governmental, and international, in comparison with secular international organizations, they are able to take advantage of the power of religion to resolve religious conflicts, which helps to build public platforms, promote religious dialogues and intergover-nmental cooperation, carry out international collaboration to resolve the religious conflicts as they break out. With the religious issue increasingly complicated in the future,International Religious NGOs will undoubtedly play a more positive role in resolving religious conflicts.%随着“冷战”的结束,国际宗教文化的对立与冲突成为国际关系的一个重要焦点,但是,目前国际上仍缺乏针对宗教冲突的有效解决方式,而且国际经济政治新格局使国际宗教冲突日趋复杂化,这些因素都制约着国际宗教冲突的解决,阻碍着国际间的合作与共同发展。国际宗教非政府组织作为国际社会的主要成员之一,其自身在长期处理宗教冲突的过程中,逐渐形成了依靠培训、祈祷、直接调解和项目援助发展等方式为一体的完整的干预机制。由于宗教非政

  20. Research on Financial Management and Control for Chinese Non-governmental Universities%民办高校财务管理与控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭新; 邓盼盼

    2014-01-01

    民办高校财务管理水平的高低,直接影响着民办高校的长远利益和持续发展。因此,对自收自支民办高校财务管理问题的研究,对提高其管理水平和管理质量具有重大意义。本文剖析了民办高校财务管理中面临的若干问题及成因,结合民办高校的实际情况,从财务管理指导思想、管理制度、业务流程、内控监督等方面提出相应的改进建议,以期为民办高校加强内部管控,推进精细管理,促进健康发展提供指引。%Financial management is an important part of the higher education administration, and it is of special importance for the development of a non-governmental university with its expense covered by its earning. This article probes into several problems and their causes that are faced by the financial management department of non-governmental universities. Based on the actual situations of non-governmental universities, suggestions are proposed to improve financial management from guiding ideology, management system, business process, internal control and supervision, which strengthen internal monitoring, realize fine-grained financial management, and ultimately safeguard the healthy development of non-governmental universities.

  1. Estimating the development assistance for health provided to faith-based organizations, 1990-2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Haakenstad

    Full Text Available Faith-based organizations (FBOs have been active in the health sector for decades. Recently, the role of FBOs in global health has been of increased interest. However, little is known about the magnitude and trends in development assistance for health (DAH channeled through these organizations.Data were collected from the 21 most recent editions of the Report of Voluntary Agencies. These reports provide information on the revenue and expenditure of organizations. Project-level data were also collected and reviewed from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. More than 1,900 non-governmental organizations received funds from at least one of these three organizations. Background information on these organizations was examined by two independent reviewers to identify the amount of funding channeled through FBOs.In 2013, total spending by the FBOs identified in the VolAg amounted to US$1.53 billion. In 1990, FB0s spent 34.1% of total DAH provided by private voluntary organizations reported in the VolAg. In 2013, FBOs expended 31.0%. Funds provided by the Global Fund to FBOs have grown since 2002, amounting to $80.9 million in 2011, or 16.7% of the Global Fund's contributions to NGOs. In 2011, the Gates Foundation's contributions to FBOs amounted to $7.1 million, or 1.1% of the total provided to NGOs.Development assistance partners exhibit a range of preferences with respect to the amount of funds provided to FBOs. Overall, estimates show that FBOS have maintained a substantial and consistent share over time, in line with overall spending in global health on NGOs. These estimates provide the foundation for further research on the spending trends and effectiveness of FBOs in global health.

  2. 民间智库的自我发展道路探析%Methods on Non-governmental Think-tank's Self Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳萍

    2011-01-01

    At present,there are so many restrictions on the development of non-governmental think-tank according to governmental inquiry requirement,social charity donation,ability of people's policy involvement and the condition of non-governmental think-tank.Therefore,non-governmental think-tank should locate itself correctly,develop from inquiry to research,build the communication system among think-tanks,fix the position of major policy research institute,build the good cooperation with media and improve its development with the help of government,market,social support.%当前,无论是政府的咨询需求、社会的慈善捐赠、民众的政策参与能力,还是民间智库自身的成熟水平,都对民间智库的发展有着诸多限制。因此,在寻求政府、市场、社会理解支持的前提下,民间智库更要采取正确定位,以咨询养研究,建立民间智库之间的交流机制,确立专业政策研究机构的地位,建立与媒体的良好合作关系等措施,改善自身发展路径。

  3. Gender Statactivism and NGOs: Development and Use of Gender Sensitive-Data for Mobilizations and Women’s Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia De Rosa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Historically, NGOs and civil society organizations have engaged actively in the development of new forms of gender categorizations, gender-sensitive data and gender analysis, mainly within a human rights framework. But, what is the actual space for NGOs to promote mobilization on women’s rights and, more specifically, how do NGOs develop and use gender-sensitive data for social mobilizations? Mainly based on the study of 5 worldwide NGOs and 3 networks of human rights experts, operating at different levels, the paper investigates the different ways these organizations intervene in gender issues, focusing on how they strategically produce and use categorizations and data. An initial typology is presented by analyzing «gender statactivism» of NGOs. Four phases of mobilization are identified: (a knowledge and framing processes, (b policy analysis, policy design and policy implementation, (c action (campaigning and advocacy and (d monitoring and evaluation. The paper concludes by discussing potentiality, controversies and issues related to gender statactivism by NGOs, and stresses implications for the debate on the Post-2015 Development agenda and the potentiality for integrating «gender statactivism» into a framework of particularly transnational intersectionality

  4. 政府智库与民间智库的合作与交流%The Cooperation and Exchange between Government Think-tanks and Non-governmental Think-tanks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金家厚

    2012-01-01

    政府智库与民间智库合作的制度条件主要包括开放的公共决策体制、共同的决策价值基础和对称的资源依赖结构。构建政府智库与民间智库的合作机制,应从以下方面着力:联合成立研究协会,搭建合作的组织平台;围绕研究主题,发挥合作的政策职能作用;成立智库合作发展基金,建立合作项目资助制度;提升研究质量,建立合作项目绩效的综合评价制度。%Institutional conditions of the cooperation between government think-tank and non-governmental think- tank include open public policy-making system, shared basic values, and symmetric dependency structure in resources. To build the cooperation mechanism of the government think-tank non-governmental think-tank, we should set up jointly by the association for the study, build a platform of partner organizations; around the research themes to play the role of co-operation policy functions; form a think tank cooperation and development fund, establish the cooperation projects funded system; improve the quality of research, and establish a cooperative project performance evaluation system.

  5. A teoria das estruturas organizacionais de Mintzberg e a gestão estratégica de custos: um estudo nas ONGs paulistas Mintzbergs organizational configurations theory and strategic cost management: a study of ngos in São Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andson Braga de Aguiar

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo buscou identificar implicações que as estruturas organizacionais, sob a ótica da teoria de Mintzberg, predominantes nas Organizações Não-Governamentais (ONGs do Estado de São Paulo, podem causar na gestão estratégica de custos. Considera-se que a gestão estratégica de custos precisa ser consistente com as características organizacionais determinantes da estrutura administrativa para se tornar capaz de maximizar os recursos aplicados em entidades dessa natureza. Foi realizada uma pesquisa de campo, por meio de um roteiro para a condução de entrevistas. Constatou-se que as ONGs apresentam como estrutura organizacional predominante: a burocracia profissional, conforme a tipologia proposta por Mintzberg. Adicionalmente, verificou-se a presença de aspectos organizacionais não consistentes com a burocracia profissional pura. A implementação de uma gestão estratégica de custos precisará considerar que essas organizações utilizam, fortemente, o parâmetro de treinamento, muito planejamento de ações, além de atuarem em ambientes, preferencialmente, estáveis e complexos, apresentarem mediano controle de desempenho e um controle externo constante. Futuras pesquisas podem identificar os traços específicos da gestão estratégica de custos em ONGs.This paper identifies the possible implications of the predominant organizational configurations - in Mintzberg' view - for strategic cost management in non-governmental Organizations (NGOs in the state of São Paulo. We depart from the premise that, to maximize resources in NGOs, strategic cost management needs to be consistent with the organizational characteristics that determine the administrative structure. A field research was carried out with the application of an interview script. We found that the predominant organizational design was professional bureaucracy, considering the typology proposed by Mintzberg. Moreover, organizational aspects were found which are

  6. 基于组织生命周期理论的民办高校管理陷阱探析%Study on Management Traps in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning based on the Theory of Organizational Life Cycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓东

    2014-01-01

    民办高校像一个生物有机体,也会经历由生到死、由盛及衰的过程。根据组织生命周期理论,民办高校的生命周期可分为初创阶段、成长阶段、成熟阶段、衰退阶段和蜕变阶段。在不同的阶段,民办高校面临的管理陷阱各不相同,需要采取相应的对策。当前,我国民办高校正处于发展的关键时期,一方面受限于当前的政策法规,民办高校的外部环境亟待改善;另一方面民办高校的内部管理也制约着自身的发展,有待改变。认识民办高校生命周期的内在规律,积极防范并有效突破其生命周期不同阶段的管理陷阱,有助于民办高校从管理角度驱动新一轮的发展。%Non-governmental institutions of higher learning , like biological organism , can also experience the processes from birth to death, and from prosperity and decline .According to the theory of organizational life cycle , the life cycle of non-governmental institutions of higher learning can be divided into start-up stage, growth stage, maturity stage, decline stage and metamorphosis stage.At different stages the management traps faced by non-governmental institutions of higher learning are different and require different strategies.At present, China's non-governmental institutions of higher learning are in a critical period of development . On one hand, they are limited by the current policies and regulations and their external environment needs to be improved , and on the other hand their internal management also restricts their development and needs to be changed .Recognizing the inherent law of the life cycle of non-governmental institutions of higher learning , actively preventing and effectively breaking through the different stages of its life cycle management trap , help drive a new round of development from a management perspective .

  7. 'Sadder but wiser?' NGOs and universal jurisdiction for international crimes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Wilt, H.

    2015-01-01

    The author focuses on the approach various NGOs have taken regarding the prosecution of international crimes under the universality principle by analysing their reports on the topic. The author detects a paradigm shift: At first NGOs took a rather political and pugnacious attitude, exaggerating stat

  8. Scaling-Up Successfully: Pathways to Replication for Educational NGOs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jowett, Alice; Dyer, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    Non-government organisations (NGOs) are big players in international development, critical to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and constantly under pressure to "achieve more". Scaling-up their initiatives successfully and sustainably can be an efficient and cost effective way for NGOs to increase their impact across a…

  9. Determination of the Support Level of Local Organizations in a Model Forest Initiative: Do Local Stakeholders Have Willingness to Be Involved in the Model Forest Development?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Tolunay

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Voluntary cooperation and the support of stakeholders carry a major importance in the development of Model Forests. The identification of the support level of local organizations as stakeholders in the Bucak Model Forest initiative, located in the Mediterranean region of Turkey, constitutes the theme of this study. Within this scope, the views of the stakeholders comprising local government units (LGUs, non-governmental organizations (NGOs, village councils (VCs, professional organizations (POs and forest products enterprises (FPEs located in the district of Bucak were collected by utilizing a survey technique. The data were analysed by using non-parametric statistical analyses due to the absence of a normal distribution. The results show that the information provided about the Model Forest concept to the stakeholders located in the district on the Bucak Model Forest initiative was identified as a factor impacting the support level. Moreover, it was also observed that the stakeholders were more willing to provide advisory support rather than financial support. NGOs and VCs were identified as stakeholders who could not provide financial support due to their restricted budgets. We discuss the benefits for a Model Forest initiative of establishing international cooperation to strengthen the local and regional sustainable development process.

  10. 创新民办高校党建工作的若干思考%Reflections on the Innovation of Party Construction Works in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋斌

    2016-01-01

    创新党建工作是党的十八大向全党提出的重要任务,2014年底习近平总书记对高校党建工作又提出了明确要求。民办高校党组织肩负着立德树人、推动学校办人民满意的社会主义大学的任务,必须立足学校实际和长远发展,坚持科学定位、找准方位、以为求位、制度到位,着力于在党建工作理论、党建领导体制、党建工作体系和党建管理模式等方面进行探索与创新,努力实现民办高校党组织的政治核心作用和保证监督作用。%Party construction innovation is an important task proposed by the 18th CPC National Congress.At the end of 2014, general secretary Mr Xi Jinping raised new clear requests on party construction in university.Party organizations in non-govern-mental institutions of higher learning have responsibility not only to take high moral values and people cultivation, but also to pro-mote the universities to be people’s satisfied socialism universities.Party organizations should be based on the reality and long-term development of the university, and adhere to scientific orientation, find correct direction, and put system in the right places. Non-governmental institutions of higher learning should explore and innovate party building work theory, leadership system, work system, and management mode etc, in order to realize the political core role of the party organizations in non-governmental insti-tutions of higher learning and their supervision function.

  11. The Investigation on the Actual State of Religion Belief and Religious Education in Non-Governmental Institutions The Examples Given from Shanghai Non-Governmental Institutions%民办高校学生宗教信仰及宗教观教育现状调查——以上海民办高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁华; 杨丽霞

    2012-01-01

    The students in non-governmental institutions have become one important compositional part of uni- versity students population. The research shows that only some students profess a religion in non-governmental insti- tutions in Shanghai, and that most of the religious students can lead a normal religious life. Yet still a few religious students do have the impulse to spread religion in the campus. Students without religion belief also have quite pro- found religious consciousness and keep high interest on religion. The students are satisfied at a low point with the cmTent religious outlook education in non-governmental university. Many teachers lack relevant religious knowledge and awareness on religious policy and law. The ability on religious outlook education in non-governmental institu- tions has to be improved.%民办高校学生已成为大学生群体的重要组成部分。调查显示,上海地区的民办高校学生中信教人数不多,且多数信教学生能够过正常的宗教生活,但少数信教学生也有在校园传教的冲动;未信教学生有较深厚的宗教意识,对宗教保持较高的兴趣度。学生对当前民办高校宗教观教育的满意度较低;多数教师缺乏应有的宗教知识和宗教政策观念、法律意识,民办高校宗教观教育能力有待提高。

  12. The government and the problems of development of non-governmental enterprises of the military-industrial complex and civil engineering of Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr Vladimirovich Lugovtsov

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The non-governmental industrial sector of Russia is growing from year to year as a result of privatization program consistently held by the government. In the beginning of the 90-s, the heads of state have decided not to hold the state industrial policy any more reasoning from the idea of market self-regulation. The enterprises of the military-industrial complex of Russia, as a result, were in a grave condition because there were no state orders anymore. The enterprises were offered to produce civil engineering production because it was considered that there were no more enemies to fight against. As time goes by, some enterprises became bankrupt. But the majority has survived under the direction of smart owners despite but not due to the conditions of survival of that time. The life has shown that the state industrial policy is indispensable, especially when Russia is near to enter into the WTO. There are no more obstacles on the path to this, but nobody knowsexactly which enterprises will become bankrupt, what will be with those people who will lose their work and which enterprises will continue working and how. It is not clear neither at federal level nor at regional or municipal. In this paper, the modern operating conditions and opportunities to modernize the non-governmental industrial sector are analyzed. Performatives on education reform regarding the young engineers and economists aimed to reduce the period of their adaptation at work have been formulated.

  13. The local church as a non-governmental organisation in the fight against poverty: A historical overview of Bethulie 1933–1935

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan van der Merwe

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Poverty is one of the greatest threats to society. In South Africa it is also one of the biggest challenges. This article starts with the challenges put to society by Mr Trevor Manuel at the Carnegie 3 conference. It then explores the possibility of if and how the church can act as a non-governmental organisation in the fight against poverty. A historical overview of the actions of Rev. E.P. Groenewald, during the drought of 1933–1934 in the Dutch Reformed Church Bethulie, serves as a case study of how the church can make a difference. It, however, also illustrates the many pitfalls on this challenging road. The article comes to the conclusion that the main challenge of the church in the fight against poverty is to act as a non-governmental organisation, which transforms values and assists society with good organisation and administration.

  14. The precariousness of the franchise state: Voluntary sector health services and international NGOs in Tanzania, 1960s - mid-1980s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Michael

    2015-09-01

    This paper challenges conventional narratives on the role of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the delivery of health services in Tanzania. Adopting an historical gaze which focuses on the 1960s to mid-1980s the paper argues that the 'franchise state' in the Tanzanian health system was not created by collusion between international donors and INGOs, underpinned by a set of health sector reforms that advocated the use of non-state actors; but was rather the legacy of the colonial health system bequeathed to the post-independence state. It was a system in which voluntary non-state actors (but, importantly, not INGOs) were already entrenched as key providers; and in which many of the features of the franchise state - fragmentation, structural weaknesses, lack of accountability to users - were already long established. But if INGOs did not create these features, as their critics attest, they did contribute to the maintenance and extension of these features. The short-term perspectives of NGOs, their small-scale piecemeal engagement, and the extra demands they placed upon their voluntary actor partners, left little scope for the development of sustainable, national and accountable solutions to the health needs of the country. In exploring these ideas, the paper contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the path dependency that created Tanzania's health system. The analysis also contributes to a deepening of the understanding of the make-up of the voluntary sector beyond a narrow gaze on the institution of the INGO.

  15. The changing emphasis of disasters in Bangladesh NGOs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matin, N; Taher, M

    2001-09-01

    Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, affected by cyclones and floods, as well as chronic hazards such as arsenic poisoning. NGOs have played a major role in bringing concerns related to risk management on to the national agenda and promoting a shift of focus from mere relief response to disaster mitigation and preparedness. The government has, after earlier scepticism, now accepted NGOs as major partners in these tasks. Innovative approaches, such as the use of microfinance, have been applied; many of which are related to preserving the gains of development efforts as part of rehabilitation. NGOs have pressured for better coordination with government. Improved structures are now approved, but it is still too early to judge their impact. Despite progress, neither NGOs nor governmental agencies have clearly defined roles in the effort to link disaster management priorities. This will ensure that longer-term development efforts build on local capacities and reduce vulnerabilities.

  16. Environmental NGOs and the dark side of participation and interactivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysgaard, Jonas Greve

    This paper presents reflections based on a study of Danish and South Korean environmental NGOs and their work to engage and inspire the public through non formal environmental education. Through interviews with key persons within the educational departments of leading Danish and South Korean...... environmental NGOs a qualitative focus on the perceptions of their own work and the public as a learning entity was established (Lysgaard, 2012). This paper draws on this study, but focus on the significance of engaging the public for the individual staff member. Why do environmental NGOs rely on concepts...... such as participation and interactivity in spite of the often less than inspiring results? This paper is a philosophical foray into how the individual subjects, the educators from Danish and South Korean environmental NGOs creates meaning when engaging the public....

  17. Sichuan Urges Legal Reform for NGOs Against HIV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN CHIHUA

    2007-01-01

    @@ The government of an HIV/AIDS ravaged province in southwestern China has recently completed an innovative new research report entitied "To get NGOs involved in national lawmaking for HIV control work."

  18. The Revelation of Hong Kong Anti-Corruption Regulations for Non-Governmental Organisations--of and on the Translation of Sample Code of Conduct for Non-Governmental Organisations%香港对非政府组织反腐规制的启示--兼译《香港廉政公署非政府组织行为准则样本》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    由龙涛

    2014-01-01

    Corruption among non-governmental organisations has already become a great hindrance to its development and had a negative effect on public trust. The success of Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong ICAC) in its execution of the ant-corruption policies, prevention against corruption, and education of the public provides a good model for in-land governments. Chinese in-land government should take this as an example when managing the corruption problems of non-governmental organisations. Specific anti-corruption offices with the functions of investigation, prevention and education should be organized, including highly qualified professionals; the design of practical anti-corruption policies should be based on thorough and comprehensive analyses; an anti-corruption culture should be formed by means of various propagation and education to enhance public anti-corruption consciousness.%非政府组织的腐败问题已经严重影响了其健康发展和公信力,香港廉政公署执行、预防和教育三管齐下反腐的成功实践为我国内地提供了一个良好的范本。我国内地应在针对非政府组织等机构的反腐规制上引以为鉴,设立包含查处、预防、教育职能的专门防贪机构,同时配备高素质的专业人员;在反腐制度的设计上应进行深入的、全面的分析论证,注重运行的可操作性;通过多途径的预防宣传教育提高社会民众参与反腐的力度,形成支持反腐败的大众文化。

  19. Sustaining NGOs in the developing world: a perspective from the developing world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damodaran, A

    1993-01-01

    The issue of sustainable development is attracting a lot of attention in the 1990s in the developing world. The author therefore draws upon experience from India, Nepal, and Bangladesh to consider the related issue of sustaining nongovernmental organizations (NGO) in developing countries. Vision, credibility and trust, stable management, pragmatic leadership, good staff, team work, and public accountability are called for to develop and maintain a successful NGO. Further, pre-project studies, realistic budgeting, time frame, relationship between funding agency and NGO, multi-source funding, flexibility, scaling up, and resource mobilization are issues with which NGOs reckon throughout the world. Some criteria for financial sustainability, however, are strongly influenced by conditions and experiences particular to developing countries. In closing, the author stresses that NGOs working with the very poor must strive to sustain any process of social change leading toward community empowerment and social justice.

  20. The Sample Analysis of For-profit and Non-profit Distinguishing Management for Non-governmental Schools%民办学校营利性和非营利性分类管理的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方建锋

    2011-01-01

    本文基于调研分析了民办学校实施营利性、非营利性分类管理的时机、理由、适用的教育领域以及推行分类管理后学校的选择、学校资产归属等问题,提出应结合我国民办教育实际,将民办学校划分为营利性民办学校、非营利性不要求合理回报的民办学校、非营利性要求合理回报的民办学校三种,并实施相应的配套政策。%This study focuses on the research of the for-profit and non-profit distinguishing management for non-governmental schools,including time,reason,educational field,school's choices,and school capital ownership after the implementation of distinguishing management policy and analyses the spot check result.According to the factual situation in China,the non-governmental schools can be categorized into three classes with the implementation of relevant educational policy,which are for-profit non-governmental schools,non-profit non-governmental schools with no reasonable return and non-profit non-governmental schools with reasonable return.

  1. A feasibility open trial of internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT among consumers of a non-governmental mental health organisation with anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Kirkpatrick

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background. To date the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatments (iCBT has been examined in clinical trials and specialist facilities. The present study reports the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an established iCBT treatment course (the Wellbeing Course administered by a not-for-profit non-governmental organisation, the Mental Health Association (MHA of New South Wales, to consumers with symptoms of anxiety.Methods. Ten individuals who contacted the MHA’s telephone support line or visited the MHA’s website and reported at least mild symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7 total scores ≥5 were admitted to the study. Participants were provided access to the Wellbeing Course, which comprises five online lessons and homework assignments, and brief weekly support from an MHA staff member via telephone and email. The MHA staff member was an experienced mental health professional and received minimal training in administering the intervention.Results. All 10 participants completed the course within the 8 weeks. Post-treatment and two month follow-up questionnaires were completed by all participants. Mean within-group effect sizes (Cohen’s d for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Item (GAD-7 and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9 were large (i.e., > .80 and consistent with previous controlled research. The Course was also rated as highly acceptable with all 10 participants reporting it was worth their time and they would recommend it to a friend.Conclusions. These results provide support for the potential clinical utility of iCBT interventions and the acceptability and feasibility of employing non-governmental mental health organisations to deliver these treatments. However, further research is needed to examine the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of delivering iCBT via such organisations.

  2. Establishment of a non-governmental regional approach to La Plata River Basin integrated watershed management promoted throughout three international workshops supported by UN and Japanese agencies, led by ILEC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcagno, Alberto; Yamashiki, Yosuke; Mugetti, Ana

    2002-08-01

    The La Plata River Basin is one of the largest international river basins in the world, with an area of about 3 million km2. It spreads across five countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay), and its water resources are essential for their economic development. Together with reservoir development, extensive deforestation, intensive agriculture practices and large urban developments took place in the Paraná, Paraguay and Uruguay basins, affecting environmental conditions and raising important issues concerning water resources use and conservation. Therefore, the need to promote participatory and cooperative efforts among water resources stakeholders, as well as the systematic exchange of information and experiences on common regional problems among organizations and experts from throughout the basin who are devoted to water resources use and management, was reported by researchers and managers gathered at the First and Second International Workshops on Regional Approaches for Reservoir Development and Management in the La Plata River Basin (held in 1991 and 1994). As a concrete response to this need, the efforts of a number of organizations from various countries within the basin, with the support of international and national governmental organizations, resulted in the foundation of La Plata River Basin Environmental Research and Management Network (RIGA) in March 2001. This was within the framework of the Third International Workshop, which was precisely one of the short-term activities included in the RIGA Action Plan. During the preparatory processes for the RIGA Network, the presence of Japanese cooperation supporting the La Plata River Basin Workshops through a non-governmental international organization (ILEC) played an important role in stimulating such an organization-based joint approach in the basin. This outcome, although not originally planned, constituted a welcomed byproduct of its main specific interest in the region, which was the

  3. O papel das ONGs na construção de políticas de saúde: a Aids, a saúde da mulher e a saúde mental The role of NGOs in designing public health policies: the Aids epidemic, women's health and mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Ramos

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa iniciativas da sociedade civil na elaboração de políticas de saúde no Brasil a partir do exame de três casos em que a atuação de organizações não-governamentais teve papel relevante nas três últimas décadas: a epidemia de Aids, a saúde da mulher e a reforma psiquiátrica. Situa o surgimento das ONGs no contexto dos movimentos de participação civil no Brasil, identifica suas características distintivas em relação a outras formas de associação e compara as trajetórias específicas nos casos da Aids, da saúde da mulher e do movimento psiquiátrico. O texto indica dilemas comuns ao campo das organizações não-governamentais no final dos anos 90 e aponta a necessidade de estudos sobre a participação de organizações da sociedade civil no desenvolvimento de políticas sociais, em especial das políticas contra a violência.This article evaluates a series of civil society initiatives concerning the design of Brazilian public health policies stemming from the analysis of three cases in which non-governmental organizations played a significant role in the three last decades: the Aids epidemic, women's health and the psychiatric reform. It studies the birth of NGOs in the context of civil society participation in the country, it identifies its distinctive characteristics in relation to other forms of association and it compares their specific paths in the case of Aids, women's health and the psychiatric movement. It points to common dilemmas in the field of NGOs at the end of the 1990's and the need for studies about the participation of civil society organizations in the development of social public policies, specially in the area of public policies concerning violence.

  4. Palästinensische NGOs als Agenda Builder? Eine Befragungsstudie zur Interaktion zwischen deutschen Journalisten und NGOs im Nahen Osten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathrin Baumann

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available NGOs sind in den palästinensischen Gebieten wichtige Akteure im humanitären wie auch im politischen Sinne. Im Fokus der Studie steht die Interaktion zwischen deutschen Auslandskorrespondenten und palästinensischen NGOs. Anhand einer Befragung und einer qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse werden die Strategien und Instrumente der NGO-Pressearbeit ebenso wie die Relevanz der NGO-Kommunikation für Auslandskorrespondenten der deutschen Presse sowie die Evaluation der Interaktionen von beiden Seiten beleuchtet. Die Befragung zeigt, dass die betrachteten NGOs zwar das Ziel verfolgen, ihre Agenda an die internationalen Medien zu vermitteln und hierbei die Auslandskorrespondenten mit dem klassischen Repertoire der Pressearbeit ansprechen, doch sie benennen begrenzte Ressourcen und westliche Voreingenommenheit als zentrale Hindernisse. Die Auslandskorrespondenten betonen ihr Selbstverständnis als objektive Vermittler und äußern sich entsprechend kritisch angesichts emotionalisierter Darstellungen und engen Verflechtungen zwischen Regierungs- und NGOStrukturen. Abhängig von ihrer Glaubwürdigkeit sprechen die Journalisten ausgewählten NGOs dennoch den Status einer relevanten Quelle zu. Die Studie gibt Aufschluss über die weiterhin als asymmetrisch zu bezeichnende Beziehung zwischen Auslandskorrespondenten und NGOs in den palästinensischen Gebieten und bietet Anknüpfungspunkte für weitere Untersuchungen.

  5. 民间非营利组织会计制度%The accounting system of the nonprofit organizations in the non-governmental organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    财政部

    2005-01-01

    第一条 为了规范民间非营利组织的会计核算,保证会计信息的真实、完整,根据《中华人民共和国会计法》及国家其他有关法律、行政法规的规定,制定本制度。

  6. International Religious NGOs at the United Nations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Marie Juul

    2010-01-01

    Religious organizations are increasingly visible in development and humanitarian aid, something which has been reflected in the emergence of a new strand of research, focusing on these organizations and their involvement in the provision of development and humanitarian aid. However, most of this ...

  7. Transnational NGOs and Reconstitution of Military Regime in Egypt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2014-01-01

    into antagonistic factions: (i) those continuously insisting “shariyah”, the legality of the original revolution of the 25th January 2011; and (ii) proponents of the “inqilab”, the army takeover of July 3rd 2013. This paper explores the role of transnational NGOs (TNGOs)1 in this unresolved political stalemate...

  8. Reinventing international development NGOs: The case of ICCO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elbers, W.J.; Schulpen, L.W.M.

    2015-01-01

    The need for international development NGOs to reinvent themselves in light of contextual changes and increasing challenges has been brought forward with increasing vigour. In-depth empirical research on the topic has remained scarce. This study contributes to the small number of in-depth empirical

  9. Latin America Policies of European NGOs: Recent Trends and Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Biekart (Kees)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractSummary: Many Latin American partner organisations that received support from European donor NGOs in recent years for contributing to structural poverty alleviation had expected that these agencies will gradually withdraw from the Latin American region. It is feared that funding will dec

  10. The Housing Development NGOs offering Housing Education and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ISSN 0378-5254 Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences, Vol 29, 2001. 28 .... efforts are not reinforced through group structures and ... mate aim should be to improve the quality of life of the community. ... NGOs furthermore have the freedom to work in politi- .... housing stock and support community development.

  11. The impact of movie therapy on vulnerable women’s self-esteem referring to non-governmental social service clinics of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Navidian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Movie therapy is one of the approaches to increase the mental health and to decrease anxiety and depression. This study was performed to determine the impact of movie therapy on women’s self-esteem. Methods: In this quasiexperimental study, sample included the women aged 20 to 50 who had visited the non-governmental social service clinics of Tehran in 2013. The participants of this study were 30 women that were assigned into two groups of intervention and control. The instrument for data collection was 10-itemRosenberg self-esteem scale which was completed before and after watching eight movies with psychological content of challenge and promotion of self-esteem aspects by intervention and control groups. The obtained data were fed into SPSS-18 software and analyzed via descriptive statistics, ANCOVA and independent t-test. Results: The mean score of self-esteem in intervention group increased from 7.07±1.88 before to 15.8±1.29 after intervention; whereas, this declined from 6.54±1.12 to 5.76±1.52 in control group, indicating a significant difference in intervention group (P=0.0001. Conclusion: the findings of this study showed that watching the selected movies with content of challenge and promotion of self-esteem aspects can be effective in increasing vulnerable women’s self-esteem as an easy and independent psycho-educational approach.

  12. 国际非政府组织的自我约束方式:评述与思考%International Non-Governmental Organization’s Self-Regulation:Review and Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海江

    2013-01-01

    In order to promote their accountability system, make up the vacuum of regulation and perfect internal and external governance, international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) sign all kinds of code of conduct voluntarily. Experience over the past few years has proved that this kind of self-regulation system has played positive roles. But this system also exists some disadvantages such as without any mandatory requirements, foggy regulation and non-effective compliance and sanction system. The code of conduct can truly play important role in self-regulating INGOs by changing its voluntary nature, regulating clearly its accountability, compliance and sanction system.%为了达到增强其问责机制、弥补规制真空和完善其内外部治理的效果,国际非政府组织自愿加入各种行为准则。实践证明,国际非政府组织这种自我约束的方式起到了非常重要的作用。但是这种机制也存在着诸如无强制性特点、规定模糊不清、无强有效的遵守和惩处机制等缺陷。应该通过从其基本内容的设定改变行为准则的自愿性质、对其成员的问责机制加以清晰的设定、对遵守机制及惩处机制加以明确等来达到完善这种行为准则的效果,也只有通过这些途径才能真正对国际非政府组织起到自我约束的作用。

  13. (Bti) on Culex and Anopheline mosquito larvae in Zomba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ministry of health (MoH) and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have tried ... to the development of resistance and behavior change of vectors (Killeen ... A recent study also shows high level of resistance of Anopheles funestus to.

  14. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS OF EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF LOCAL NGOs IN PESHAWAR CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saqib Shahzad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The research study has been focused to study the contributing factors towards employee’s performance. Performance of employees is one of the most significant factors for the growth and success of every organization. Data was collected through the distribution of questionnaires. 120 questionnaires as the sample size were distributed among the employees of local NGOs. The returned questionnaires were 106 having a response rate of 88.33%. The findings of the study found that job security, relationship with colleagues, relationship with supervisor, working conditions and employee’s empowerment were found to have significant impact on employee’s performance.

  15. NGOs, Feminist Activism and Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joachim, J.M.

    2016-01-01

    When members of the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325, “Women, Peace and Security,” at the end of October 2000, acknowledging for the first time the disproportionate impact of war and conflict on women (United Nations, 2000), it almost seemed as if women organizing at the inter

  16. A Study on the Legislation for the Regulation of Non-governmental Usury%民间高利贷立法规制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘道云

    2015-01-01

    There is no specific law or criminal accusation to crack down on non -governmental usury under the PRC legal framework .Due to the serious social harmfulness of non -governmental usury , lack of legal defini-tion and identification criterion , weak supervision and regulation , constituting an independent crime in practice but lawlessness in terms of criminal penalty , a rising private lending interest rate , etc., it is suggested that China shall enact the "Law of Anti-Usury"and provide a specific criminal accusation on usury so as to supervise and regu-late the usury-related activities comprehensively .China shall provide some provisions in its financial laws and regulations that the commitment of usury is illegal and shall be penalized , provide the legal definition and identifi-cation criterion of usury in the future "Law of Anti-Usury"and add a new criminal charge "Crime of illegal commitment of usury"and its criminal liability in the future "Criminal Law of the PRC"( Revised ) .The crime of illegal commitment of usury shall be a crime of amount and continuous offence .A severe attitude shall be hold to enact the criminal penalty so as to maintain the normal business credit order and financial stability .%我国尚无专门规制高利贷的法律和刑罚罪名。由于民间高利贷社会危害严重、缺乏法律定义和认定标准、受到的监管薄弱、实践中能够独立成罪而刑事打击上却无法可依、民间借贷利率不断推高等原因,建议我国制定“反高利贷法”并将高利贷入罪,全面规制高利贷活动。我国应在规制金融信贷业的法律文本中以若干条文规定非法高利放贷应承担刑事责任,在“反高利贷法”中规定高利贷及其认定标准,并在将来的《刑法》(修正案)中新增罪名“非法高利放贷罪”及其刑事责任。高利贷犯罪属数额犯和连续犯,在刑罚设定上宜采取严厉处罚态度,以维护正常的商业信贷秩序和金融稳定。

  17. Study on the Strategy of Public Finance Supporting Non-governmental Higher Education in Guangdong Province%广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕会东

    2016-01-01

    建立健全民办高等教育公共财政扶持体系,是当前促进广东民办高等教育健康发展的有力抓手。政府加大对民办高校的公共财政支持力度,是解决广东民办高校发展瓶颈的关键,也是实现教育公平和社会公平的有效途径。文章从公共财政支持民办教育的政策出发,阐述公共财政支持广东民办高等教育的必要性与可行性,并从直接支持和间接支持两方面分析广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育发展的现状,进而提出加强广东省公共财政支持民办高等教育的建议。%Establishing and improving public finance supporting system for non-governmental higher education is an important mean to promote the scientific development of non-governmental higher education in Guangdong .Using public finance intervention and increasing support by the government for non-governmental higher education is the key to effectively solve the existing prob-lems of non-governmental higher education in Guangdong , and is an effective way to truly realize education and social fairness . From the policy angle of using public finance for supporting non-governmental education , this paper expounds its necessity and feasibility in Guangdong Province , and in accordance to the two aspects of “direct support” and “indirect support”, it analyzes the current development status .From multiple angles of increasing financial aid , exploring student number based funding , and direct funding teachers and students it proposes the strategies and recommendations for public finance support of non -governmental higher education in Guangdong province .

  18. Analysis of the Main Competitors and Development Direction of Non-governmental Undergraduate University%民办本科高校的竞争对象与发展方向分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郁政宏; 魏圆圆; 胡春

    2014-01-01

    The majority of non-governmental undergraduate universities in China were transformed from non-governmental commu-nity colleges and independent colleges.At the higher levels of non-governmental institutions of higher learning, they have suffered increased competitions since their first establishment, especially with limited student enrollment market and diversified selection of higher education.It becomes necessary to analyze the multiple competitors for non-governmental undergraduate universities and to find out the main ones.Using the SWOT mode, this paper analyzes the internal and external factors for non-governmental un-dergraduate universities and other major competitors.Quadrant is applied to position the development strengths, weaknesses, op-portunities and threats for non-governmental undergraduate universities, and to provide suggestions to improve their development direction as well as enhance their competitiveness.%我国民办本科高校大部分由民办专科院校升本和独立学院转设而来。作为民办高校中办学层次较高的学校,民办本科高校成长之初就伴随着多方竞争。在生源市场有限和高等教育选择类型多样的背景下,分析民办本科高校的多种竞争对象并寻找最主要的竞争对手,显得非常必要。文章运用SWOT模型,分析民办本科高校与主要竞争对手的内外部因素,用象限定位民办本科高校的发展优势、劣势、机遇和威胁,为改进民办本科高校发展方向、提高竞争力提供建议。

  19. Can NGOs Make a Difference? Revisiting and Reframing a 20-year Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opoku-Mensah, Paul Yaw

    2007-01-01

    The article seeks to connect the vibrant debates in the Nordic region on NGOs and the aid system with the international comparative debates on NGOs and development alternatives. It argues for a    reformulation of the international debate on NGOs and development alternatives to address...... the foundational questions related to the formative role and structural impact of the international aid system on NGOs and their roles. This reformulation moves the discussions further and enables analyses that provide understanding of the actual and potential role of NGOs to transform development  processes....

  20. Impression of the NGOs in Norway and Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GaoSumei; YanMoufeng

    2004-01-01

    At the invitation of the “Moral Re-armament” Norwegian Foundation and the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation of Germany, the delegation of the Chinese Association for International Understanding(CAFIU), headed by Vice-President, Mr. Zhu Dacheng,paid a visit to Norway and Germany from May 17 to 27. During the visit, we did some research on the state of NGOs in the two countries.

  1. Environmental NGOs : Channels of democracy for the European Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guasco, Clement Nicolas

    The notion of democratic deficit has been at the centre of many debates on the European Union for the last 30 years. The reason is, to a certain degree, linked to the lack of legitimacy of the European Commission, which is not elected and remote from the European citizens. However, the Commission...... is that the Environmental NGOs studied appears as valuable models for the implementation of new democratic channels for the representation and participation of European citizens....

  2. A consultoria como oportunidade de aprendizagem para as Organizações Não Governamentais: um estudo na cidade de Recife/PE THE CONSULTING AS A LEARNING OPPORTUNITY FOR NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: A STUDY IN THE CITY OF RECIFE / PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naldeir dos Santos Vieira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations (NGOs are active and growing institutions throughout the country, being from the 90s, to suit the environmental contingencies, are starting to professionalize, adopting administrative practices, such as management and evaluation of the impacts of their projects. Thus, part of NGOs started to hire professionals who act as consultants, which are organizational and specialists. In face of the above, the objective was to identify and analyze the learning, which are related to the practice of hiring consultants, obtained by NGOs. For both, there were semi-structured interviews with managers of NGOs that operate in the metropolitan area of Recife / EP and its contracted services of consultants. It appears that NGOs, with the hiring of consultants, learned that it is necessary that these professionals know and have experience of working in social organizations, who understand their specificities and to adopt a methodology which establishes a reflective learning, being regarded as ineffective those who only deploy “packages” managerial pre-prepared.As organizações não governamentais (ONGs são instituições atuantes e em crescimento por todo o país e, a partir dos anos 1990, para se adequarem às contingências ambientais, começaram a se profissionalizarem, adotando práticas administrativas, como a gestão e a avaliação dos impactos de seus projetos. Assim, parte das ONGs passou a contratar profissionais que atuam como consultores organizacionais ou especialistas. Diante do exposto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar e analisar os aprendizados que estão relacionados à prática de contratação de consultoria, obtidos pelas ONGs. Para tanto, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com gerentes de ONGs que atuam na Região Metropolitana de Recife, PE, e que contrataram serviços de consultorias. Conclui-se que as ONGs, com a contratação de consultores, aprenderam que é necessário que estes

  3. 国际关系、全球治理和妇女非政府组织%International Relations, Global Governance and Women's Non-Governmental Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡传荣

    2006-01-01

    随着冷战的结束和全球化步伐的加快,"全球治理"逐步成为国际关系中的一个重要话题.全球治理的主体不仅有各国政府,还包括各种政府间组织和国际非政府组织,妇女非政府组织是其中的一支活跃力量.它们积极关注危害整个人类的各种全球性问题的解决,并极力敦促将社会性别意识纳入决策主流,使女性主义国际关系理论的基本信念得到充分的体现.

  4. An assessment of community participation and empowerment through Non Governmental Organizations' development work among the rural poor. The case of World Vision's intervention in ghe Gwembe Valley, Zambia

    OpenAIRE

    Mweene, Confucious

    2006-01-01

    If development is to mean anything, it should ultimately translate into positive change in people’s lives. This is because development should not merely be of things but that of things through which people’s lives will be made better. Over time this realisation has taken centre stage in development discourse within most developing countries. While most of these countries were, in the 1950s and early 1960s, motivated by the advancements of the now developed Western countries and sought to west...

  5. From Confrontation to Partnerships: The Role of a Dutch Non-Governmental Organization in Co-Creating a Market to Address the Issue of Animal Welfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, J.M.; Blok, V.; Tulder, van R.

    2013-01-01

    Firms can play an important role in addressing the issue of animal welfare by creating markets for animal friendly products. This essay analyses th e co-creation of a market for animal friendly meat products by the joint effort of a Dutch NGO and the meat industry. The different stages of the proces

  6. Non-governmental organizations and the sustainability of small and medium-sized enterprises in Peru : an analysis of networks and discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castro Aponte, W.V.

    2013-01-01

      The importance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in terms of employment and income generation has been recognized worldwide. In Peru, SMEs are responsible for 85% of the employment at the national level and they represent 98% of the total companies registered. Around 12% of SMEs,

  7. Non-governmental organizations and the sustainability of small and medium-sized enterprises in Peru : an analysis of networks and discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castro Aponte, W.V.

    2013-01-01

      The importance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in terms of employment and income generation has been recognized worldwide. In Peru, SMEs are responsible for 85% of the employment at the national level and they represent 98% of the total companies registered. Around 12% of SMEs,

  8. From Confrontation to Partnerships: The Role of a Dutch Non-Governmental Organization in Co-Creating a Market to Address the Issue of Animal Welfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, J.M.; Blok, V.; Tulder, van R.

    2013-01-01

    Firms can play an important role in addressing the issue of animal welfare by creating markets for animal friendly products. This essay analyses th e co-creation of a market for animal friendly meat products by the joint effort of a Dutch NGO and the meat industry. The different stages of the

  9. Introducing operations research into management and policy practices of a non-governmental organization (NGO): a partnership between an Indian leprosy NGO and an international academic institution

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Porter, J D H; Ogden, J A; Rao, P V Ranganadha; Rao, V Prabhakar; Rajesh, D; Buskade, R A; Soutar, D

    2004-01-01

    ...), and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to explore the feasibility and appropriateness of incorporating operations research into the management and decision-making of a leprosy NGO...

  10. The Role of Romanian NGOs in Democratization Process of the SOCIETY After 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marton BALOGH

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper strives to critically discuss the role that NGOs1 played in the democratization process of the Romanian society after the changes from 1990. In the transition process from a dictatorial system to a democratic one, NGOs functioning is absolutely necessary. There is a variety of ways in which the civil society can contribute to the democratization of a country. To some, the very proliferation of civil society organizations - no matter what their type, agenda, or influence are - builds the infrastructure of democracy, because according to the supporters of this view an active associational life is a precursor of democracy. The right to free elections, the freedoms of speech, and citizen’s participation to governance (including free access to public interest information are only few aspects whose evolution is worth studying in this paper. Also, the existence of a strong NGO sector provides a great opportunity in a society, mainly because its involvement in community development is thought to build skills and foster democratic values and attitudes in individuals that will eventually spread to the broader society. They also enhance the prospects for democratization because they foster associational life, empower individuals, and provide them with the skills and attitudes that are useful for democratization.

  11. Supporting Stakeholder Relationship Management via Disclosure on Resource Origins: Evidence from the World’s Top NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Joseph Good

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Issues surrounding accountability form a central part of the ongoing discussion regarding the role, place, and value of civil society organizations. Decision-makers must be aware of this challenge, seeking out proactive and innovative ways to meet the calls for legitimacy, lest increasing competition for finite resources overcome them. The disclosure of financial information using the internet demonstrates a commitment to transparency and provides an opportunity for users to make better decisions, fitting into theories on relationship marketing. This study serves the dual purpose of joining theoretical bases concerning accountability, legitimacy and marketing in the NGO realm and the execution of survey research on the online financial disclosure of the organizations listed in The Global Journal’s “100 Top NGOs 2013” Ranking, with particular attention to the origins of their resources. Content analysis was applied to categorize the line items contained in the NGOs´ Income Statement or equivalent reports, and quantitative techniques were employed to generate conclusions regarding the income mix, the share of the resource total represented by each category, and each NGO´s degree of dependence on each. The results indicate that donations are the most prevalent category among the sample (41.25%, followed by revenues (24.10% and grants (17.93%. Donations were also shown to represent, on average, approximately 39% of the income mix of the NGOs in question. Finally, the vast majority of the sample (62 of the 69 reports-providing NGOs was found to be dependent on one category alone, more than half of which received 80% or more of their resources from a single category in the year in question. These results contribute to developing research in the field of NGO web-based accountability as well as highlighting the need for a greater integration of transparency into stakeholder management practices

  12. Investigation and Thinking of Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Non- governmental School for Migrant Workers' Children%民办农民工子女学校教师组织承诺现状调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高珊

    2012-01-01

    Pudong organizes two teachers' training activities of non - governmental school for migrant workers' children in 2009. It is found that it has been a serious problem that the teachers of the kinds of school transferred frequently, which could be investigated and explained from the angle of organizational commitment theory. According to the three dimension of organizational commitment, the researcher makes a questionnaire consist of 12 questions, and then investigates. From the statistical data, I find that: compare to the affective commitment and normative commitment, the continuous commitment is the crucial factor of teachers' organizational commit- ment. Then, the researcher make deeper explanation and analysis with the related theories of organizational commitment, and point out that we should improve their level of income, provide more opportunities for training, satisfy their needs of professional ranks, and so on, which are all revolved around the teachers' basic needs of living.%上海市浦东新区于2009年组织了两次农民工子女学校教师的师资培训活动,活动发现,此类学校教师的流动性问题较为突出。对此,笔者从组织承诺的理论视角出发,借助自编问卷及访谈,对这一现象开展了进一步的调查研究与解释。问卷数据统计发现,与组织承诺中的情感承诺、规范承诺两个维度相比,持续承诺对教师的组织承诺具有决定性影响。围绕解决教师基本生存问题,笔者提出了提高经济收入,提供进修机会,解决职称评定问题等建议。

  13. Energy Consumption Characteristics Analysis of Non-governmental Office Building in Shenzhen%深圳市非政府办公建筑能耗特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍品; 杨英霞; 王智超

    2015-01-01

    Based on the energy audit data of 27 non-governmental office buildings in Shenzhen, this paper counted and compared the respects of basic information, energy system form, and total energy consumption and breakdown energy consumption of air conditioning, analyzed energy characteristics, and focused on the research of air conditioning energy consumption characteristics of large non-government office buildings. The results showed that energy consumption of non-governmental office building was high in Shenzhen; Energy consumption of air conditioning accounted for a large proportion; Air conditioning cooling station was important of energy-saving potential; And chilled water pump and cooling water pump of air-conditioning was a direction of energy saving alteration for non-governmental office buildings in Shenzhen.%基于深圳市27栋非政府办公建筑的能源审计数据,从建筑样本基本信息、用能系统形式、总能耗及空调分项能耗等方面进行统计与比较,分析了深圳市非政府办公建筑的能耗特性,并对深圳市大型非政府办公建筑的空调能耗特性进行了重点研究。结果表明,深圳市非政府办公建筑能耗较高,空调能耗占较大比例,空调冷站是节能潜力的重点,空调冷冻及冷却水泵是深圳市非政府办公建筑节能改造的一个方向。

  14. 江西省民办高等教育发展的现状、问题与对策%The Present Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of the Development of Jiangxi Non-governmental Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志锋; 姜超; 徐永

    2012-01-01

      In recent years, non-governmental higher education in Jiangxi has made considerable progress and development , which is fully reflected in many aspects such as improved educational environment , stable student population, emergence of pilot re-form, growing social impact etc.However, the development prospect of non-governmental institutions of higher learning is still not optimistic with some bottlenecks failed to achieve breakthroughs .Faced with these problems and under the environment sup-ported by the national and provincial education system reform policy , we can start from the external initiatives and internal factors for enhancing the running practice of non-governmental institutions of higher learning to promote its healthy development .%  近年来江西省民办高等教育取得了长足发展,办学环境不断优化,办学规模相对稳定,试点改革初露端倪,社会影响日益扩大。但同时,其发展前景也不容乐观,一些制约民办高等教育发展的“瓶颈”始终未能取得突破。面对这些问题,在国家和江西省教育体制改革政策支持的大环境下,可从提升民办高校办学实践的外部举措和内部因素着手,积极促进民办高等教育的健康发展。

  15. Analysis of the Strategy for Promoting the Professionalization of Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning Presidents%民办高校校长职业化的推进策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘奇; 董圣足; 刘荣飞

    2015-01-01

    The development of the professionalization of presidents of non-governmental institutions of higher learning is facing the problems of irrational source structure , deviation in job understanding and unsound career development .Based on the investiga-tion, this paper proposes resolution strategies from the two dimensions of own professional development and construction of non -governmental institutions of higher learning system .It should guide the principal groups to set up correct professional idea , find accurate career orientation , enhance professional skills , and foster professional community .Meanwhile, non-governmental insti-tutions of higher learning should explore characteristic president selection mechanisms with multiple candidate channels , demand oriented selection process and flexible terms , and develop the canonical president working mechanism and explore incentive mechanisms focused on performance evaluation but supplemented by humanistic care .Through the construction of such systems , it promotes the professionalization of the presidents of non-governmental institutions of higher learning .%当前民办高校校长职业发展面临来源结构不合理、职业认识存在偏差以及职业发展制度不健全等问题。为此,从职业群体自身发展和民办高校制度建设两个维度提出解决策略:引导校长群体树立正确职业理念、找准职业定位、提升职业能力以及培育职业共同体;通过构建由多元候选渠道、校本需求导向遴选程序以及弹性任期等组成的校长遴选机制,制定规范化的校长工作机制,探索以绩效考核为主、人文关怀为辅的激励机制,以推进校长的职业化发展。

  16. Conservation tourism and landscape governance in Kenya: the interdependency of three conservation NGOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pellis, A.; Lamers, M.A.J.; Duim, van der V.R.

    2015-01-01

    Tourism plays an increasingly important role in the way non-governmental organisations govern landscapes, especially in decentralised conservation contexts in developing countries. In this paper, we examine the role of three key conservation organisations (the African Wildlife Foundation, the Africa

  17. Sustainability of Farm Credit Delivery by Cooperatives and NGOs in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alufohai, G. O.

    2006-01-01

    The paper examined the sustainability rates of co-operatives and NGOs in farm credit delivery in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria. The Subsidy Dependence Indices (SDI) and the capital formation rates were determined using both primary and secondary data obtained from 80 and 20 purposively selected cooperatives and NGOs respectively, based on their…

  18. Trust or control? Private development cooperation at the crossroads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elbers, W.J.; Knippenberg, L.W.J.; Schulpen, L.W.M.

    2014-01-01

    Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the field of international development are increasingly adopting so-called managerial working methods. This article explores the changing belief systems and practices of Northern development NGOs as well as the strains arising from this adoption. We draw upon

  19. Problems and Improvement of Regulation in Non-governmental Primary and High Schools---Taking Guangzhou as an Example%民办中小学监管的问题与改进*--以广州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清刚

    2015-01-01

    The regulation of non-governmental primary and high schools is defined as directly under government control. That is, it is authorized by law. Also it is carried out by the formulation of rules, admission, supervision and administrative penalties. This paper takes Guangzhou as an example, which deeply analyzes the regulation problems in non -governmental primary and high schools, and puts forward the corresponding improvement suggestions.%民办中小学监管是政府行政机构依据法律授权,通过制定规章、准入许可、监督检查、行政处罚和行政裁决等手段对民办中小学的办学行为实施的直接控制。广州民办中小学监管主要在准入、价格、质量及退出等方面存在制度或法律的问题。文章对上述问题进行了剖析并提出了相应的改进建议。

  20. Influencing Factors to the Formation and Change of Internal Control Model in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning%民办高校内部控制权模式形成与变更的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曼琴

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the influencing factors and inherent patterns to the formation and change of internal control model , four non-governmental institutions of higher learning are analyzed .The establishment and growth of non-governmental institutions of higher learning are also the process of contracts setting up and power distribution among the main stakeholders .During the es-tablishment, the formation of internal control model is influenced by the type of organizer , investment purpose , government influ-ence etc.Among the above factors , the element which has the largest contribution is crucial to the formation of internal control model .From the point of view of organizational governance , internal control model is the result of power equilibrium under vari-ous factors including external environment , internal strategic target and power balance among stakeholders .As the external envi-ronment and internal strategic changes , internal power balance will also change .When accumulation of quantitative change leads to qualitative change , the internal control model also changes .It shows significant periodic character and from the development view internal control model in non-governmental institutions of higher learning appears to have new diversified trend .%通过对4所民办高校的案例分析,探讨民办高校内部控制权在形成与变更过程中的影响因素及内在规律. 民办高校创建与发展的过程,也是各要素所有者建立契约与分配权力的过程. 学校内部控制权在形成过程中受举办者类型、出资目的和政府力量强弱等因素影响,核心要素组建模式对学校内部控制模式起决定性作用. 从组织治理的角度看,内部控制模式被认为是基于外部环境、内部战略目标而在各利益相关者之间形成的权力均衡结果. 当外部环境、内部战略发生变化时,内部权力配置也会发生变化,当量变积累为质变时,则体现为民办高校

  1. The Role of NGOs in Public Health Services%NGO在公共卫生服务中的角色分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪颖; 褚洪; 田振

    2012-01-01

    Public health services are one of types of public services, Though governments are mainly responsible for public health services, the services can be provided by other organizations. The article analyzes the scale and fields of NGOs carrying out public health programs at national level, and concludes the supplementary roles of NGOs in public health services, including improving human resources, financing, conducting special contents, focusing on vulnerable areas and population, and explo- ring models to provide services. Financing and providing services are the two ways for NGOs to participate into public health services. Finally, the paper concludes the leading role of government and supplementary role of NGOs in providing public health services by a model of good cooperation between the government and NGOs.%公共卫生服务是公共服务的内容之一。虽然公共卫生服务主要是政府的职责,但也是可以通过多种组织形态来提供的。本文分析了国家级NGO参与公共卫生项目的数量、比例和领域,提出了公共卫生服务中NGO的补充角色及其具体体现,包括在人力资源、资金、特殊领域和内容、特殊地区和人群以及服务模式探索等方面的补充作用,并从筹资和服务两个方面总结了NGO参与的方式。基于此,作者提出NGO和政府在公共卫生领域良性互动的模式。

  2. Dysfunctions of NPOs and NGOs in Poland in the Global Context: Some International Comparisons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz FUDALIŃSKI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose  of  the  article  is  an  initial  diagnosis  of  the  level  of internationalization  and  globalization  of  non-profit  organization  sector  in  Poland,  as well  as  indication  of  possible  differences  in  this  respect,  reflected  in  selected well-developed countries. The article is based on the literature review as well as the  synthetic  review  of  the  conducted  research  and  data  in  the  field  of  NPOs and NGOs. On  the  basis  of  western  models,  which  can  be  treated  as benchmarks, dysfunctions  of  NPOs  and  NGOs  in  Poland  can  be  reduced.  It  will  lead  to  more dynamics of non-profit organizations growth in Poland.It will result in greater level of internationalization of this sector in Poland. Indication of directions of activities for stimulating internationalization and globalization of organization's operations in the third sector in Poland seems to be an important issues as it is a gradually revealing and growing tendency in this respect. It also requires an analysis, especially with regard to the Polish conditions,  of  potential  dysfunctions  of  non–profit  organizations  whose existence may slow down or even limit the possibility of operations in an international or global scope.

  3. Constructing Conservation Impact: Understanding Monitoring and Evaluation in Conservation NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Benson Wahlén

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A growing number of scholars critically examine large conservation organisations to explore organisational intentions, practices, and outcomes. In parallel, other scholars have problematised audit cultures, suggesting that these seemingly good practices of evaluation and measurement are not neutral and instead have consequences for governance and power. This article combines literature on conservation NGOs, organisational theory, and audit culture to study the inner workings of conservation and to understand the construction of effectiveness and impact. I draw on semi-structured interviews to examine how a large, international conservation organisation, which I term the World Conservation Organisation (WCO; a pseudonym, coordinates monitoring and evaluation (M&E processes among its international, national, and local offices. I find individual staff within WCO make varying assumptions about the M&E policies and place different values on M&E, which results in different institutional logics towards M&E and a broader organisational failure to measure progress and reflect upon outcomes. The findings also show difficulties in translating broad organisational goals into specific project activities, underscoring tensions in implementation and limitations in M&E practice. I also find that organisational and managerial pressure to report success is greater than donor pressure, a finding that expands understandings of NGO-donor dynamics.

  4. Background, Content and Strategy of the Connotative Development of Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning%民办高校内涵发展的背景、内容与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘尧

    2014-01-01

    Connotative development of non-governmental institutions of higher learning is marked by quality and structure optimi -zation, and focuses on the growth of core competitiveness and the overall strength .From the end of 1970s, non-governmental in-stitutions of higher learning has undergone the external development process of non -academic education , higher education self-study examination , higher education “national diploma examination”, vocational and technical education , general undergraduate education , and postgraduate education .China's higher education has realized the historic leap from elite education to mass educa -tion, and the era of development based on the core of scale expansion has gradually come to an end .The Eighteenth National Congress of the CCP made it clear to promote the connotative development of higher education and non -governmental institutions of higher learning has entered the transition from external to connotative development where personnel training , subject develop-ment, scientific research, and teaching team building are the basis and key elements .Non-governmental institutions of higher learning can use effective strategies such as appropriate positioning , competitive advantage , etc to promote their connotative de-velopment.%民办高校内涵发展以质量提升和结构优化为标志,注重学校核心竞争力与综合实力的增长。自20世纪70年代末以来,民办高校走过了非学历教育、高等教育自学考试、高等教育“国家学历文凭考试”、高等职业技术教育、普通本科教育、专业研究生教育的外延发展历程。当前,我国高等教育实现了从精英教育到大众化教育的历史性跨越,以规模扩张为核心的外延发展时代缓缓落下了帷幕。党的“十八大”明确提出“推动高等教育内涵发展”,至此,民办高校进入从外延发展向内涵发展的转型期。民办高校内涵发展的基础在人才培养,

  5. Développement territorial durable en milieu rural, gouvernance et rôle des organisations non gouvernementales : l'État de Santa Catarina au Brésil

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina Andion

    2006-01-01

    Local non governmental organizations (NGOs) are becoming development promoters in rural areas. It is a recent phenomenon in Brazil. Are NGOs influents actors in the renewal of the conceptions and practices in the development field ? Two cases of NGOs that acts in Santa Catarina’s State, in the South of Brazil, are analyzed. If in their official speech they aim to promote an alternative development, focused in sustainability and solidarity, the NGOs’ interventions are marked by a corporative c...

  6. 基于政府责任的民办高校教师权利贫困问题研究%On Teachers'Rights Poverty in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning based on Government Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文川; 莫振豪

    2013-01-01

      The present situation of teachers'rights poverty in non-governmental institutions of higher learning is serious .It mainly reflects on rights inequality, rights abused, denied and suppressed by power , inequality between rights and obligations , and rights not being supported.This is the subject of the influences from various factors though the government policy is the main cause of rights poverty in non-governmental institutions of higher learning .Governments should play roles in eliminating teachers 'rights poverty as the leader of community perception , creator of the relevant policy and law , and the coordinator and sponsor for teachers'rights protection.%  目前我国民办高校教师权利贫困现状严重,主要表现为权利上的不平等,权利常常受到权力的侵害、剥夺和压制,权利与义务的不对等,权利难以得到救济。究其原因,是受到多种因素的影响。其中,政策是导致民办高校教师权利贫困的主导因素。政府在破解民办高校教师权利贫困中扮演的角色应该是社会观念的引领者、相关政策与法律的创设者以及教师权利保障的协调监管者与资助者。

  7. 法人治理体系下民办普通高校董事会制度研究%Study on the Board of Directors System in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning under Corporate Governance System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘熙

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the board of directors system under the corporate governance framework of non-governmental institu-tions of higher learning and analyzes the connotation features of the corporate governance.It points out the reasons for the estab-lishment of the leading position by the board of directors in the corporate governance system.Based on the analysis of the status quo of the board of directors system on the formal institution level in non-governmental institutions of higher learning, this paper points out the problems in the existing board of directors system, including insufficient corporate governance model, insufficient attention in its development, and lack of power allocation and accountability mechanisms.It then proposes recommendations for improving the board of directors system and emphasizes the need of intensive research on the informal institution level.%在民办普通高校法人治理体系的框架下研究董事会制度,分析民办高校法人治理内涵特征,阐明确立董事会在民办高校法人治理体系中处于支柱地位的理由。在梳理当前民办高校董事会制度建设的基础上,指出现行董事会制度存在法人治理模式单一、董事会制度建设未受重视、董事会权力配置和责任机制欠缺等问题,继而提出完善董事会制度的建议,并指明董事会制度需在非正式制度层面进行深化研究。

  8. Analysis of Enhancing the Operation Efficiency of Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Education%民办高校提升办学效益问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆如

    2014-01-01

    Enhancing the operation efficiency is a prerequisite of healthy development of non -governmental institutions of higher learning which is mainly faced with lack of funds , improper use of the funds , and insufficient social and personal benefits .This is in connection with the reduction of student numbers , poor living environment , non-implementation of classified management mechanisms, and the pursuit of profit behavior .To overcome the current difficulties , both the government and non-governmental institutions of higher learning need to adopt proactive strategies and through implementing classified management , enhancing pub-lic finance support , and improving education quality , to promote their sustainable development .%提升办学效益是民办高校健康发展的前提。民办高校办学效益主要存在办学经费不足、经费用途不当、社会和个人效益不高等问题。这与民办高校生源数量锐减、生存环境不佳、分类管理机制未实行以及办学行为逐利化等因素密切相关。要破解当前的困境,政府和民办高校都需要采取积极策略,通过实行分类管理、加强公共财政资助以及引导学校提升教育质量等措施,推动民办高等教育的可持续发展。

  9. Yarrow, Thomas. Development beyond politics: aid, activism and NGOs in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Douglas-Jones, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    Development beyond politics is a book about the lives of activists, aid workers, and the social elite who run NGOs in Ghana. It is also a book about the lives of concepts, in the hands of these specific actors.......Development beyond politics is a book about the lives of activists, aid workers, and the social elite who run NGOs in Ghana. It is also a book about the lives of concepts, in the hands of these specific actors....

  10. Why Government and Non-Governmental Policies and Projects Fail Despite "Evaluations": An Indicator to Measure whether Evaluation Systems Incorporate the Rules of Good Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lempert, David H.

    2010-01-01

    Background: While much has been written in the evaluation literature on the theory of evaluations and on specific cases, there is still no comprehensive and easy to use indicator that can be used to hold organizations to the principles of effective evaluation, to score their quality in several areas, and to offer an immediate diagnostic for…

  11. Empowering communities in combating river blindness and the role of NGOs: case studies from Cameroon, Mali, Nigeria, and Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meredith Stefanie E O

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The control of onchocerciasis is not only a major success story in global health, but also one of the best examples of the power of public-private partnership at the international level as well as at the national level. The onchocerciasis story is also a leading example of the contribution of a group of called Non-Governmental Development Organizations (NGDO to operational research which resulted in important changes in treatment strategies and policies. The four case studies presented here illustrate some key contributions the NGDOs made to the development of “community directed treatment with ivermectin” –CDTI, in Africa, which became the approved methodology within the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC. The partnership between the international, multilateral, government institutions and the NGDO Coordination Group was the backbone of the APOC programme’s structure and facilitated progress and scale-up of treatment programmes. Contributions included piloting community–based methodology in Mali and Nigeria; research, collaboration and coordination on treatment strategies and policies, coalition building, capacity building of national health workforce and advocacy at the national and international level. While the Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP and APOC provided leadership, the NGDOs working with the national health authorities played a major role in advocacy evolving the community methodology which led to achieving and maintaining- treatments with ivermectin for at least 20 years and strengthening community health systems.

  12. Investigation and Analysis on the Situation of Foreign Language Teachers' Professional Development in Non-governmental Undergraduate Universities%民办本科院校外语教师专业发展现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕

    2015-01-01

    Using the questionnaire and interviews method, a total of 80 foreign language teachers from 4 non-governmental undergraduate universities in Shaanxi province were selected to undergo a survey on foreign language teachers'professional development situation. The results show that the problems, such as unbalanced development of teachers structure, the emerging of job burnout, unbalanced development between teaching and research, inconsistency between cognition and action toward professional development commonly exist. Based on this, to promote foreign language teachers' professional development in non-governmental undergraduate universities, the author suggested from internal and external factors to define teachers'professional development goals, insist student-base classroom-teaching, improve the level of scientific research, actively participate in the teacher culture discussion and create the harmonious development environment.%以陕西省4所民办本科院校80名外语教师为调研对象,通过问卷、访谈相结合的方法对民办院校外语教师专业发展现状进行调研.结果显示,民办本科院校外语教师队伍结构发展不平衡,教师职业倦怠初见端倪,在教学、科研方面专业发展不平衡,专业发展认识与行动不一致.在此基础上,从教师专业发展的内外因两方面出发,应在明确教师专业发展目标、将课堂主体还给学生、提高科研水平,以及积极参加师培研讨创造和谐发展环境等方面,促进民办本科院校外语教师的专业发展.

  13. Democratic Governance through interaction between NGOs, Universities and Science Shops:Experiences, Expectations, Recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Brodersen, Søsser

    is to contribute to improved interaction between NGOs, universities and Science Shops by providing information on the experiences and expectations of co-operation between small and medium NGOs and universities through intermediaries such as Science Shops. The project should be seen as a contribution...... to the discussion of strategies for democratic governance. The INTERACTS research project was funded by the European Commission, DG12 under the programme “Improving the Human Research Potential and the Socio-economic Knowledge Base” – “Strategic Analysis of Specific Political Issues”. INTERACTS is an Accompanying...... Shops, and universities in the partner countries. • Twenty-one national case studies analysing experiences of interaction between NGOs, researchers, students and Science Shops and the impact on societal dis-courses, research agendas and university curricula • The expectations for and perspectives of co...

  14. 公共财政扶持民办高等教育政策研究%On the Supportive Policy on Non-Governmental Higher Education by Perfecting Public Finance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩丽霞

    2012-01-01

    In the supportive policy on non-governmental higher education by perfecting public finance, we should provide the students in poverty-stricken area with special support enabling them to gain the equal opportunity of higher education in terms of their potential and efforts. In this way, the public finance can make more contribution to promoting equalization of university entrance opportunities, thus making full use of finance, further achieving education value and keeping balance between equality and efficiency.%在健全公共财政对民办高等教育的扶持政策中,其中有关贫困地区农村生源的特别资助需重点关注,这关系到这一群体能否获得接受高等教育平等机会,以及公共财政在推进高等教育供给均等化方面能否发挥积极的作用。

  15. International Organizations, Changing Governance and China's Policy Making in Higher Education: An Analysis of the World Bank and the World Trade Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Rui

    2010-01-01

    In a context of intensified globalization, the importance of international governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations as influencers and shapers of the global environment is becoming prominent. Participation in international organizations leads to active incorporation of nation-states with worldwide connotations. In higher…

  16. The significance of protecting domestic native corn from genetically modified seeds: a perspective from local Mexican NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanamaria Vazquez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available During the last decades, there has been an ongoing global discussion about the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO and their insertion in geographic regions where there is a vast pool of native landraces such as Mexican corn, Indian rice, Peruvian potato. This discussion takes place between those who defend native landraces along with traditional farming knowledge (TK and those who defend genetic engineering products (GMO, turning the discussion into a running social confrontation between large corporations and domestic NGO’s network. Both sides are accompanied by leading scientific communities.Based on the Political Economy perspective of K. Polanyi and his analytical categories, this paper examines the case of the Mexican GMO controversy between predominantly US agroindustry and Mexican NGOs. It shows the performance of NGO’s in trying to avoid the insertion of GM corn in México through a legal injunction that is banning the commercialization of this GM corn in the whole territory.

  17. NGO-business collaborations and the law : sustainability, limitations of the law, and the changing relationship between companies and NGOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bastmeijer, C.J.; Verschuuren, J.M.; Demirag, Istemi

    2005-01-01

    In this chapter, we sketched the possible consequences of the changing relationships between the government, companies, and NGOs in addressing various transboundary sustainability issues for national and international law. The reasons for dialogue and collaboration with NGOs go beyond the issue of `

  18. NGO-business collaborations and the law : sustainability, limitations of the law, and the changing relationship between companies and NGOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bastmeijer, C.J.; Verschuuren, J.M.; Demirag, Istemi

    2005-01-01

    In this chapter, we sketched the possible consequences of the changing relationships between the government, companies, and NGOs in addressing various transboundary sustainability issues for national and international law. The reasons for dialogue and collaboration with NGOs go beyond the issue of

  19. NGO-business collaborations and the law : sustainability, limitations of the law, and the changing relationship between companies and NGOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bastmeijer, C.J.; Verschuuren, J.M.; Demirag, Istemi

    2005-01-01

    In this chapter, we sketched the possible consequences of the changing relationships between the government, companies, and NGOs in addressing various transboundary sustainability issues for national and international law. The reasons for dialogue and collaboration with NGOs go beyond the issue of `

  20. UFOs, NGOs, or IGOs: Using International Documents for General Reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shreve, Catherine

    1997-01-01

    Discusses accessing and using documents from international (intergovernmental) organizations. Profiles the United Nations, the European Union and other Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs). Discusses the librarian as "Web detective," notes questions to focus on, and presents examples to demonstrate navigation of IGO sites. Lists basic tools for…

  1. UFOs, NGOs, or IGOs: Using International Documents for General Reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shreve, Catherine

    1997-01-01

    Discusses accessing and using documents from international (intergovernmental) organizations. Profiles the United Nations, the European Union and other Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs). Discusses the librarian as "Web detective," notes questions to focus on, and presents examples to demonstrate navigation of IGO sites. Lists basic…

  2. Connecting to the Umma through Islamic Relief: transnational Islamic NGOs in Chad

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaag, M.M.A.

    2011-01-01

    This paper argues that if the activities of Islamic NGOs from the Arab world in Africa are evaluated merely in terms of their local economic development impact, there is a risk of missing an important point. While it is true that the scope of these interventions and the amount of money involved are

  3. Field presence of Dutch NGOs: What is the impact on civil soieties in the South?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.M. Gómez (Georgina)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractExecutive summary: In the last years, PSO has noticed that a number of Northern NGOs (NNGOs) have established field presence in the South, guided by the conviction that proximity to the target groups and the partners in the South would make their organisations more efficient and

  4. 民办本科院校应用型人才培养模式改革研究与实践%Research and Practice on the Reform of Training Mode of Applied Talents in Non-governmental Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛海勤; 郭均栋; 李登慧

    2014-01-01

    To improve the quality of personnel training is essential to the sustainable development of non-governmental universities. The key to improving training quality is the clear orientation,scientific and reasonable construction of training mode in line with the school. In order to adapt to the modern occupation education system,and from the rela-tionship between quality,knowledge and ability,Deepening the reform of training mode is to build a mode of “platform plus module” and “four-year continuous study and extracur-ricular credit”,and to foster the students’ practical ability,innovation and vocational abili-ty.%提高人才培养质量是民办本科院校可持续发展的永恒课题,提高培养质量关键在于明确办学定位,科学合理构建符合学校实际的人才培养模式。深化人才培养模式改革要适应现代职业教育体系,从素质、知识和能力三者关系出发,构建“平台加模块”和“四个四年不断线和课外学分制”的培养模式,突出学生实践能力、创新能力和职业能力的培养。

  5. Leadership in non governmental sports organisations in Slovenia [Vůdcovská role v nevládních sportovních organizacích ve Slovinsku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Bednarik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Voluntary work represents 13.5% of the economic strength of Slovenian extra curricular sport (Jurak & Bednarik, 2006. Therefore, managing such a significant source is an important task of Slovenian sports management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to discover the existing characteristics of the leadership of voluntary workers in Slovenian non governmental sports organisations. METHODS: Research was carried out on a stratified sample of 190 leaders of non governmental sports organisations, who work in different segments of Slovenian sport. A questionnaire on styles of leadership, based on the Hersey-Blanchard situation model of leadership, was used in order to measure different styles of leadership. RESULTS: The study revealed that the leaders in sports organisations most often use the selling style of leadership (42% of cases, then the participating style (37%, whereas the telling style (12% and delegating style (9% are used rarely. Leaders adjust the style of leadership to individual circumstances; however, they do not use suitable style of leading for the level of follower readiness and circumstances. The style of leadership does not have a direct impact on the measured indicators of the success of sports organisations. The findings lead to the conclusion that the leadership of Slovenian non governmental sports organisations is generally blind to the importance of leadership in this context. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the above average results of the entire range of Slovenian sport, it can be assumed that the voluntary work in sports organisations represents one of the competitive advantages in our society. Thus, particular attention has to be paid to its developmental possibilities. The findings of the study lead to the suggestion of the foundation of a national strategy of voluntary work in sport.[VÝCHODISKA: Dobrovolná práce představuje 13,5 % ekonomické síly slovinských mimoškolních sportovních aktivit (Jurak

  6. Norwegian environmental policy-making and the role of NGOs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rommetvedt, Hilmar; Farsund, Arild Aurvaag; Melberg, Kjersti

    1997-12-31

    This publication examines the role of pressure groups and their influence in the environmental policy-making processes in Norway. Fields concerned in this connection are in which ways do environmental and industrial organizations influence political authorities, and what kind of impact do the different organizations have on the processes mentioned. The publication presents firstly a classification of different types of relations between organized interests and public authorities, and of the different methods used to influence policy-making. Based on this classification and more general developmental trends in Norwegian politics, the publication then gives an elaboration of some hypotheses regarding environmental and industrial organizations and their influence on environmental policy. The validity of these hypotheses is examined through empirical data from surveys and case-studies. 27 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  7. A role for NGOs in international renewable energy project development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartholf, T.R.

    1997-12-01

    An NGO is an international term for non-government organizations, often it is used in connection with non-profit, community-based and/or voluntary business activities. To be successful in supporting energy projects, these organizations generally exhibit certain characteristics: they are familiar with the end-use requirements; they are typically neutral to the technology; they emphasize training; they do not carry a large bureacratic structure, at home or in the field; they typically can adapt to do numerous functions; they can often attract other support. The author discusses several examples of such organizations who have been highly successful. The author sees a continuing role for such groups in developing renewable energy sources in the rural setting to include: continued development of new activity in rural areas; development of institutional framework for future market activity; an increased role in managing international development activities; more direct involvement with for-profit technical and financial organizations.

  8. International NGOs and their contribution to overcoming poverty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. O. Hrachevska

    2014-04-01

    The article also characterizes existing strategies of combating poverty. It is argued that international non­governmental organizations, limited in their financial resources, cant be widely involved in them. Main challenges, facing international NGO in addressing problems of poverty, are also outlined.

  9. Access of urban poor to NGO/CBO-supplied sanitation and solid waste services in Uganda: The role of social proximity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukahirwa, J.; Mol, A.P.J.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    Inadequate urban sanitation and solid waste management in Uganda has prompted policy reforms in the two sectors. As part of this reform, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) have increasingly become involved in improving the sanitation and solid waste situat

  10. Access of urban poor to NGO/CBO-supplied sanitation and solid waste services in Uganda: The role of social proximity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukahirwa, J.; Mol, A.P.J.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    Inadequate urban sanitation and solid waste management in Uganda has prompted policy reforms in the two sectors. As part of this reform, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) have increasingly become involved in improving the sanitation and solid waste

  11. Environmental Certification of Forests: The Evolution of Environmental Governance in a Commodity Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klooster, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) influence social and environmental aspects of commodity production through certification schemes like organic and forest certification. As these become mainstream, however, they are often compromised by the interests of more powerful agents. Utilizing the concept of governance in global commodity networks,…

  12. Women NGOs cooperation between Fujian and Taiwan%闽台妇女NGO合作探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林儒卿; 郑逸芳; 周蓓

    2011-01-01

    Along with the market economic system reform,independent and autonomy consciousness of women was enhanced,and the mainland women NGOs arise.In terms of promoting exchanges across the strait,Fujian women NGOs have unique advantages and special mission.Fuji%随着市场经济体制改革的推进,妇女自主和自治意识的增强,妇女NGO不断出现,福建妇女NGO在促进海峡两岸交流中有着独特优势,在推动闽台交往、密切两岸关系具有重要的作用。针对目前闽台妇女NGO合作发展的现状、存在问题,提出促进闽台妇女NGO合作发展的若干建议。

  13. Human rights and transnational legal activism. Strategies of ngos in Mexico and Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio López Pacheco

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the transnational legal activism of human rights ngos in Colombia and Mexico. From a comparative methodology argue that successful transnational pressure on human rights has a determining factor in the coordination strategies of collective actors at the national level. We identified two distinct patterns of action: first, a concentration-coordination strategy of demands in the Colombian case, second a segmentation-fragmentation strategy of demands in the Mexican case.

  14. Spreading the word, broadening perspectives: Internet, NGOs and globalisation discourse in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nugroho, Yanuar

    2008-01-01

    Globalisation is ambivalent. On the one hand, it brings prosperity, comfort and convenience in the form of economic growth, technological advancement, more open and democratic governance, and so forth. On the other hand, there are vast amounts of casualties from its progress, which only benefits some groups or countries. Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) in Indonesia have established themselves in pivotal positions in the social, economic and political landscape across the country, and thei...

  15. Reproductive and sexual rights: Charting the course of transnational women's NGOs

    OpenAIRE

    Petchesky, Rosalind P.

    2000-01-01

    This paper critically examines the role that transnational women's NGOs played in the 1990s in the creation and implementation of international agreements related to reproductive and sexual rights. Its focus throughout is twofold. First, it explores the multiple ways in which reproductive and sexual rights intersect with, and are embraced within, a wide range of health, human rights, social and gender justice and human development issues. Second, it uses this inquiry to rethink the complex po...

  16. 民办农民工子女学校教师学科专业知识现状调查——以浦东新区23所民办农民工子女小学为例%The Research on the Specialized .Course Knowledge of the Teachers in Non- governmental Schools for Migrant Workers' Children:Based on the Sample of 23 Non- governmental Primary Schools for Migrant Workers' Children in Pudong New District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晟

    2012-01-01

    The specialized knowledge or called the specialized course knowledge is key knowledge to teachers of school even though the knowledge taught to pupils is not difficult to the teachers. I' ve surveyed the condition of specialized course knowledge of the teachers of the 23 Non - governmental Primary Schools for Migrant Workers' Children. I deeply analyze the conditions of the profes- sional development and the specialized knowledge of the teachers of three main course--Chinese, mathematics, English--and then find out that they are of low education degree and out of essential specialized knowledge. They are unable to suit the idea and the require- ment of 2nd Curriculum Reform. As to change the awkward situation, I suggest that some new policy should be build to attract superior teachers to join the group. I think enhancing the training on these group of teacher is a must. We should create more opportunity to help them improve their professional development.%小学教师所传授的知识虽然简单,但学科知识或学科专业知识依然是教师必备知识之一。笔者以浦东新区23所农民工子女学校为样本,调查了民办农民工子女学校教师的学科专业知识现状。调查从语文、数学、英语三个学科教师的专业发展背景和专业知识现状进行深入分析,发现该教师群体的整体学历水平偏低,学科专业知识掌握情况令人担忧,其专业发展水平很难适应当前二期课改新的理念与要求。为了改变当前民办农民工子女学校教师学科专业知识缺乏的现状,我们应当制定优惠政策以吸引优秀人才进入农民工子女教育行列,加强对该类教师的在职专业培训,打通公办与民办的制度沟壑,为民办农民工学校教师的专业成长搭建平台。

  17. Capacity building for the effective adoption of renewable energy technologies in rural areas. Experience of India NGOs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myles, R. [Integrated Sustainable Energy and Ecological Development Association (INSEDA), New Delhi (India)

    2002-07-01

    The experience of NGO network in the promotions of biogas and other low cost RET gadgets, devices, equipments and machines in the rural areas of India, for over two decades, have shown that there are serveral problems yet challenging opportunities in the promotion and implementation of renewable energy technologies in villages. First of all, the field and extension organizations should recognise that these technologies are new and aliens to the rural people, therefore like any other technologies, developed outside the rural environment, RETs are first view with skepticism by the rural community. Even if 100 units of a RE technology are successfully demonstrated, failure of even one could create negative impact within a radius of 30-50 KMs, and its shortcomings are spread like a wild fire. The appropriate technology demonstration backed by systematic capacity building of different stakeholders/actors/players (i.e. Energy Producers, Energy Service Providers and the Energy End Users) is a must for the acceptance and large-scale adoption of RETs in rural areas of the developing countries. The programme funds for the promotion and implementation of RETs should have good percentage earmarked for the capacity building as well as supporting infrastructure for awareness, motivation, promotional and post installation services activities by local field level organizations and NGOs on a long term basis. (orig.)

  18. The Relationship Between Non-Governmental Organizations and the Canadian Forces: A Pilot Study (La relation entre les organisations non-gouvernementales et les forces canadiennes: Une etude pilote)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    talked to my driver who was male, he’s like, ‘Well, ya know, what are you going to do for me?’ You know, it’s very machismo kind of atmosphere and...girl?’ and, you know, ‘What am I going to do for him’ you know, okay, I understand it’s a very machismo kind of, like, [the] atmosphere [was] very

  19. 当前我国农村非政府组织人力资源管理问题探讨%Analytical study of the human resources management issues in rural non-governmental organization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭; 陈玲玲

    2009-01-01

    从人力资本和制度安排的角度分析农村非政府组织人力资源管理的困难和特殊性,并就当前我国农村非政府组织人力资源管理中的问题提出对策和建议.我国农村非政府组织所处的外部环境大大制约了其人力资源供给与保障机制的发展,组织自身结构的特殊性又使得其职位设置缺乏稳定性和延续性,人力资本得不到很好的应用与发挥.因此,应加强利于农村非政府组织发展的制度安排,促进人力资源管理的专业化,完善组织自身管理,促进其人力资源管理的科学化.

  20. 誰的公民教育?香港非政府組織的另類論述和實踐 Whose Version of Civic Education? Alternative Discourses and Practices of Non-governmental Organizations in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    謝均才 Thomas Kwan-choi Tse

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 公民資質其實是一政治和空間的概念,故應考慮其所在的多重空間情景,公民教育亦然。採用葛蘭西式的觀點並以香港公民教育的動態形成做個案研究,本文試圖呈現其在本土、國家和全球三個層面所表現的文化政治,同時彰顯當中涉及公民資質和身分的激烈爭議。研究發現,儘管官方的公民教育計畫是朝向「國民教育」發展,但一個多元化和充滿活力的公民社會,卻造就多種論述和實踐的混和及交互滋生。它們以互補或競爭性的方式,與官方計畫並行。泛民主派在公民社會發起的公民教育可視為追求人權和民主 的賦權鬥爭,以抗衡政府和親北京陣營的馴化力量以及全球資本主義的暴虐。 Citizenship is de facto a political and spatial concept, and it should be considered in the context of multi-locality. Adopting a Gramscian viewpoint, this study analyzes the cultural politics of Hong Kong at local, national, and global levels, through the dynamic formation of its civic education. The results show how citizenship and identity are hotly contested. Therefore, while the official civic education program is oriented towards nationalism, the pluralistic and vibrant civil society allows a hybridization and crossfertilization of multiple discourses and practices to run parallel with the state project, either in a complementary or competitive way. Civic education launched by the pan-democratic camp in the civil society may be viewed as empowerment struggles for human rights and democracy, compared with the domestication efforts made by the government and the pro-Beijing camp, as well as the tyranny of global capitalism.

  1. The shaping of NGO accountability: aligning imposed and felt accountabilities in Oxfam Novib

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomsma, R.; O'Dwyer, B.; Georgakopoulos, G.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to advance and deepen our understanding of the shaping of accountability in non-governmental organization (NGOs) contexts. Using a framework drawing on the concepts of imposed, felt and adaptive accountability the paper examines the process through which one prominent Du

  2. Treadle pump irrigation in Malawi: adoption, gender and benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamwamba-Mtethiwa, J.; Namara, R.; Fraiture, de C.M.S.; Mangisoni, J.; Owusu, E.

    2012-01-01

    As part of their irrigation strategy, the government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Malawi are actively promoting the use of treadle pumps in smallholder irrigation. The positive impact of treadle pumps on food security and poverty reduction in Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Afric

  3. Healthcare seeking behavior among self-help group households in rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Raza (Wameq); E. Van de Poel (Ellen); P. Panda (Pradeep); D.M. Dror (David); A.S. Bedi (Arjun Singh)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Background: In recent years, supported by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), a number of communitybased health insurance (CBHI) schemes have been operating in rural India. Such schemes design their benefit packages according to local priorities. This paper examines

  4. The Ecological Modernisation Reader. Environmental Reform in Theory and Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mol, A.P.J.; Sonnenfeld, D.A.; Spaargaren, G.

    2009-01-01

    Environmental reform by (inter)governmental agencies, private firms and industries and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) is a worldwide phenomenon. This definitive collection showcases an introduction to Ecological Modernisation Theory; state-of-the-art review essays by key international scholar

  5. Civil Society, Aid and Development: a Cross-Country Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.P. van Staveren (Irene); E. Webbink (Ellen)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractInternational cooperation for development relies on several aid modalities and - in addition to bilateral and multilateral programs - non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play an important role in channeling development aid towards their Southern partners. The support of the Netherlands

  6. On unequal footing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ounanian, Kristen; Delaney, Alyne; Raakjær, Jesper

    2012-01-01

    This article concentrates on five marine sectors active in the marine environment (fisheries, offshore renewable energy, offshore oil and gas, navigation, and coastal tourism) and on non-industry stakeholders represented by environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (eNGOs) and how they have en...

  7. Building Bridging Social Capital in a Divided Society: The Role of Participatory Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurray, Alan; Niens, Ulrike

    2012-01-01

    Participatory citizenship education has been highlighted as a strategy to promote social cohesion in divided societies whereby collaborations with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and inter-school links have been proposed as tools to improve social networks between schools and communities. This article explores the role and meaning of…

  8. Sustainable palm oil as a public responsibility? : On the governance capacity of Indonesian standard for sustainable palm oil (ISPO)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hidayat, Nia; Offermans, Astrid; Glasbergen, Pieter

    2017-01-01

    This paper is motivated by the observation that Southern governments start to take responsibility for a more sustainable production of agricultural commodities as a response to earlier private initiatives by businesses and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Indonesia is one of the leading countr

  9. Competition and institutional drivers of corporate social performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graafland, Johan; Smid, Hugo

    2015-01-01

    Research into corporate social performance (CSP) recently shifted to studying its political economic dimensions. In this paper, we test the influence of price and technological competition and two institutional factors, mandatory reporting and monitoring by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and

  10. Migrants’ Citizenship and Rights : Limits and Potential for NGOs’ Advocacy in Chile

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Mora; J.D. Handmaker (Jeff)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractIn this chapter we address the structural and institutional constraints faced by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) assisting Peruvian migrants in Chile to advocate for migrants’ rights. We argue that these constraints have provoked reactive rather than proactive strategic responses

  11. Building Bridging Social Capital in a Divided Society: The Role of Participatory Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurray, Alan; Niens, Ulrike

    2012-01-01

    Participatory citizenship education has been highlighted as a strategy to promote social cohesion in divided societies whereby collaborations with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and inter-school links have been proposed as tools to improve social networks between schools and communities. This article explores the role and meaning of…

  12. Dead letter or living document? Ten years Code of Conduct for Disaster Relief

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilhorst, D.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the present value of the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief, in view of discussions on neutrality and the Western bias of the humanitarian aid system, and assesses how it can retai

  13. Dominant articulations in academic business and society discourse on NGO-business relations: a critical assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laasonen, S.; Fougère, M.; Kourula, A.

    2012-01-01

    Relations between non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and companies have been the subject of a sharply increasing amount of publications in recent years within academic business journals. In this article, we critically assess this fast-developing body of literature, which we treat as forming a ‘bu

  14. Healthcare seeking behavior among self-help group households in rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Raza (Wameq); E. Van de Poel (Ellen); P. Panda (Pradeep); D.M. Dror (David); A.S. Bedi (Arjun Singh)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Background: In recent years, supported by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), a number of communitybased health insurance (CBHI) schemes have been operating in rural India. Such schemes design their benefit packages according to local priorities. This paper examines hea

  15. Healthcare seeking behaviour among self-help group households in Rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Raza (Wameq); E. Van de Poel (Ellen); P. Panda (Pradeep); D.M. Dror (David); A.S. Bedi (Arjun Singh)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground: In recent years, supported by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), a number of community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes have been operating in rural India. Such schemes design their benefit packages according to local priorities. This paper examines healthcare seekin

  16. The Good Samaritan and the marketer: public perceptions of humanitarian and international development NGOs

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a nationwide study investigating public responses to humanitarian communications.\\ud Based on focus group data with members of the UK public, the paper discusses two key models\\ud through which NGOs identities and activities are understood and judged, both positively and negatively:\\ud the Good Samaritan and the Marketer. Thematic analysis of the focus groups extracts exposes the salience\\ud of these models in people’s thinking, how they speak to each other and how the...

  17. The Transformation of International NGOs and Their Impact on Development Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Richard Davies

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanInternational non-governmental organisations (INGOs are among the key actors in the transformation of development as a global public policy issue in the post-Cold War era. This chapter explores how in the past two decades INGOs concerned with development have transformed their structures and practices as well as development discourse. The author shows how development INGOs have globalised, in terms of both the formation of international confederations and the collaboration of multiple INGOs in global coalitions. A key development has been the erosion of the apparent North–South divide among development INGOs, with INGOs that originated in donor countries reforming their structures to give a greater voice to their affiliates in recipient countries, and organisations that originated in developing countries forming affiliates in developed countries. The reorientation of INGO advocacy from states toward intergovernmental and corporate actors is also explored, as is the creation of new forms of partnerships with both governmental and private actors. The chapter addresses how development INGOs have attempted to respond to critiques of their accountability and legitimacy through reforms such as the International NGO Charter on Accountability, while the conclusion explores the limitations of the transformations of development INGOs, and the challenges that these new configurations pose.

  18. Project Update: A Collaborative Partnership Between Federal, State, and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document provides a project overview, accomplishments, and future efforts in the Integrated Waterbird Management and Monitoring (IWMM) initiative.

  19. Technology standard-setting under the lens of global administrative law : Accountability, participation and transparency of standard-setting organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanevskaia, Olia

    2016-01-01

    The role of transnational non-governmental bodies in international standardization has often been in the limelight of recent academic discussions. While standards developed by Standard-Setting Organizations (SSOs) are typically non-binding, they can nevertheless acquire an obligatory character, eith

  20. Perceptions of government knowledge and control over contributions of aid organizations and INGOs to health in Nepal: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giri, Aditi; Khatiwada, Prashant; Shrestha, Bikram; Chettri, Radheshyam Khatri

    2013-01-18

    Almost 50% of the Nepali health budget is made up of international aid. International Non-Governmental Organizations working in the field of health are able to channel their funds directly to grass root level. During a 2010 conference, the Secretary of Population stated that the government has full knowledge and control over all funds and projects coming to Nepal. However, there are no documents to support this. The study aims to assess government and partner perceptions on whether Government of Nepal currently has full knowledge of contributions of international aid organizations and International Non-Governmental Organizations to health in Nepal and to assess if the government is able to control all foreign contributions to fit the objectives of Second Long Term Health Plan (1997-2017). A qualitative study was performed along with available literature review. Judgmental and snowball sampling led to 26 in depth interviews with key informants from the government, External Development Partners and International Non-Governmental Organizations. Results were triangulated based on source of data. Representatives of the Department of Health Services declined to be interviewed. Data collection was done until researchers felt data saturation had been reached with each group of key informants. While Ministry of Health and Population leads the sector wide approach that aims to integrate all donor and International Non-Governmental Organization contributions to health and direct them to the government's priority areas, questions were raised around its capacity to do so. Similarly, informants questioned the extent to which Social Welfare Council was able to control all International Non-Governmental Organizations contributions. Political tumult, corruption in the government, lack of human resources in the government, lack of coordination between government bodies, convoluted bureaucracy, and unreliability of donor and International Non-Governmental Organization contributions

  1. Inter-Organizational Network Structure and Formation Mechanisms in Weibo Space:A Study of Environmental NGOs%微博空间组织间网络结构及其形成机制以环保 NGO为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄荣贵; 桂勇; 孙小逸

    2014-01-01

    relations , geographical location , and focus areas ) and activity levels of Weibo use .Organizational resources function as a “signal” on which users base their evaluation of the trustworthiness of the organization ,and thus organizations with unknown funding are less likely to be followed or identified with .With regard to the organizations whose funding is known , those with lower levels of resources tend to use the Weibo platform more actively . Unregistered organizations tend to actively build relationship with others ,while registered organizations tend to avoid establishing relationships with the unregistered .These findings highlight the importance of legitimacy and lend support to the appropriateness principle . Non-governmental organizations which have offline collaboration relations or reside in the same province are more likely to form follower/identity relations , and those with similar focus areas are more likely to form identity relations .Activity of Weibo use also has a positive impact on the formation of inter-organizational relations .Overall , findings of this study suggest that “low cost of internet use” alone does not provide a sufficient explanation of inter-organizational relations on the cyberspace . The authors argue that on a highly interactive social media platform like Weibo ,trustworthiness of an organization and its capacity to earn recognition from peer organizations plays a crucial role in the formation of inter-organizational networks .

  2. NGO Presence and Activity in Afghanistan, 2000–2014: A Provincial-Level Dataset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David F. Mitchell

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces a new provincial-level dataset on non-governmental organizations (NGOs in Afghanistan. The data—which are freely available for download—provide information on the locations and sectors of activity of 891 international and local (Afghan NGOs that operated in the country between 2000 and 2014. A summary and visualization of the data is presented in the article following a brief historical overview of NGOs in Afghanistan. Links to download the full dataset are provided in the conclusion.

  3. 'Green Alliances' of Business and NGOs. New Styles of Self-Regulation or 'Dead-End Roads'?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arts, B.J.M.

    2002-01-01

    In recent years, so-called greenalliances between NGOs and business have become popular phenomena, both in practice as well as in academic literature. This is striking, as it concerns collaborative partnerships of agencies whose relationships were quite antagonistic in the past. The question then is

  4. Implementation of a Basic Package of Oral Care: towards a reorientation of dental Ngos and their volunteers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palenstein Helderman, W.H. van; Benzian, H.

    2006-01-01

    Dental NGOs and volunteers working in disadvantaged communities around the world do so with the best of intentions and with high motivation. Regrettably, the impact of this engagement on oral health at the population level remains rather low. This is mainly due to the choice of inappropriate approac

  5. Development of a practical toolkit using participatory action research to address health inequalities through NGOs in the UK: Challenges and lessons learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirewa, Blessing

    2012-09-01

    This study aimed to develop a practical toolkit to support non-government organizations (NGOs) in tackling health inequalities in the UK and to highlight the challenges and lessons learned. A mixed qualitative methodology within an action research framework was conducted. Semi-structured questionnaires, focus group interviews and discussions with an expert reference group aimed to identify the important themes and produce the toolkit content. A practical guide of information materials for NGOs working on addressing health inequalities was subsequently developed and successfully piloted. The experience of using participatory action research revealed a number of lessons and challenges. The key challenges were lack of training and experience in conducting action research, costs and insufficient resources, slow and time-consuming process, lack of commitment from marginalized groups, and differences in emphasis of goals and vision among participants. The main lessons learned were importance of effective leadership and project management skills, importance of integrating researchers and the researched as equal partners, creation and nurturing of trust, importance of evaluating and piloting processes, importance of engaging with marginalized groups, and use of evidence base in decision making. The lessons and challenges enumerating herein are of value to researchers aiming to implement participatory action research in developing checklists, tools, practical guidance and frameworks, and they offer important areas to consider before starting such projects. In addition, this offers an insight into how the dynamics of participatory action research methodology evolved in the development of the toolkit. Future research and initiatives in this area should focus on ways to improve the toolkit and make it more relevant to a wider community, and methods for evaluating the impact of the toolkit on practice.

  6. Voluntary organizations in development in South Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloney, C

    1987-01-01

    The governments of South Asian countries have become aware of the substantial role that nongovernment organizations (NGOs) or voluntary agencies can play in rural development and other nation building activities. Although private agencies cannot substitute for government programs, there is general consensus that NGOs use development funds more efficiently and innovatively than government programs. NGOs in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan exemplify the influence these organizations have on development in South Asia. The Lutheran World Service in Bangladesh, a foreign origin NGO, has branched out from its original aim of providing relief and war rehabilitation to give skills training and technical assistance to the poor. The Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, an indigenous NGO, works for the well-being and self-reliance of the landless poor, those with very small farms, and women. NGOs in Bangladesh have been especially innovative in developing methods to encourage self-help, such as local organization and credit, which are often combined with training in practical skills, literacy, nutrition, and family planning. Present NGO activity in India is dominated by the Gandhian tradition. There is a potential conflict between the philosophy of the NGO's in terms of building on the people's felt needs from the bottom up and the tendency of government agencies to want to plan for the people. In Pakistan, the concept of development-oriented NGOs is recent and not yet strong, although the government has adopted a policy of routing funds from government and from bilateral donor agencies through NGOs in 2 areas--family planning and women's welfare. The chief limitation of NGOs is their scope, meaning that the major burden of the development process rests on government agencies.

  7. Views of policymakers, healthcare workers and NGOs on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP): a multinational qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelock, Ana; Eisingerich, Andreas B; Gomez, Gabriela B; Gray, Emily; Dybul, Mark R; Piot, Peter

    2012-01-01

    To examine policymakers and providers' views on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and their willingness to support its introduction, to inform policy and practice in this emerging field. Semistructured qualitative interview study. Peru, Ukraine, India, Kenya, Uganda, Botswana and South Africa. 35 policymakers, 35 healthcare workers and 21 non-governmental organisation representatives involved in HIV prevention. Six themes emerged from the data: (1) perceived HIV prevention landscape: prevention initiatives needed to be improved and expanded; (2) PrEP awareness: 50 of 91 participants had heard of PrEP; (3) benefits of PrEP: one component of the combination prevention arsenal that could help prioritise HIV prevention, empower key populations and result in economic gains; (4) challenges of PrEP: regimen complexity, cost and cost-effectiveness, risk compensation, efficacy and effectiveness, stigmatisation and criminalisation, information and training and healthcare system capacity; (5) programmatic considerations: user eligibility, communication strategy, cost, distribution, medication and HIV testing compliance and (6) early versus late implementation: participants were divided as to whether they would support an early introduction of PrEP in their country or would prefer to wait until it has been successfully implemented in other countries, with around half of those we spoke to supporting each option. Very few said they would not support PrEP at all. Despite the multiple challenges identified, there was general willingness to support the introduction of PrEP. Yet, strengthening existing HIV prevention efforts was also deemed necessary. Our results suggest that an effective PrEP programme would be delivered in healthcare facilities and involve non-governmental organisations and the community and consider the needs of mobile populations. Comprehensive information packages and training for users and providers would be critical. The cost of PrEP would be affordable and

  8. NGOs' Active Roles in the Process of Using Mudaraba as Financing Model in Interest-free Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Salih KUMAŞ

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Today, it is commonly accepted fact that conventional banking fails in the fair distribution of economic wealth and in the provision of sustainable economic development. It seems almost impossible for Islamic Banking to be a strong alternative to interest-based banking with its current practice.  That is the reason why the alternative financing methods of Islamic Finance should be improved. In this context, the major obstacle for Islamic Banking to be an alternative to conventional counterpart is that it confines itself to murâbaha financing. Although the Mudaraba financing model suits better to the spirit of Islamic Banking and its historic advancement, it is observed that it is nearly not practiced or cannot be practiced. The reason behind this and major problem of Mudaraba model is having lack of enough entrepreneurs and not being able to raise them. In this sense, we believe that NGOs like MUSIAD and ASKON can contribute for the enhancement of the Islamic Banking as we have witnessed that many NGOs had considerable contributions by taking important roles in the past. This process which sort of means the integration of NGOs and Islamic Banking can be carried out in three stages.

  9. Complete and Partial Organizing for Corporate Social Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas; de Bakker, Frank; Moon, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates different modes of organizing for corporate social responsibility (CSR). Based on insights from organization theory, we theorize two ways to organize for CSR. 'Complete' organization for CSR happens within businesses and depends on the availability of certain organizational...... make selective use of organizational elements. We maintain that an important feature of the increasing institutionalization of CSR-not only within businesses but also among non-governmental, governmental, and professional actors-is the rise of partial forms of organization. We discuss the contributions...

  10. A Brief Analysis of The Historical Features of China-Korean Peninsula Economic Relations nan Perspective of Non-Governmental Trade%中国与朝鲜半岛经济关系的历史特征——以民间贸易为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁

    2012-01-01

    中国与朝鲜半岛的经济贸易关系可以追溯到春秋时代,但由于历史上中国与朝鲜半岛国家间多为宗藩关系,所以国家间的朝贡贸易自然而然占了主体地位,而民间经济贸易交流一直处于边缘地位。纵观中国与朝鲜半岛国家间经济交流的历史,大体上可以分为接触时期、大发展时期、繁荣时期和受阻时期。经过千百年的逐步发展,中国与朝鲜半岛国家的民间经济交流已经成为一股不可阻挡的趋势。而政府的友好、开放的外交政策、重视商贸的态度成为双方经贸往来快速发展的主要外在动因,国家经济的发展和科学技术的进步成为促进这种交流的主要内在动因。与朝鲜半岛民间贸易的经验对今天中韩、中朝贸易的进一步发展,深化中韩、中朝合作有很大的借鉴意义。%The economic and trade relations between China and the Korean Peninsula could be traced to the Spring Period in the ancient China. However, in the history, the relations between China and the states on the Peninsula had been the Patriarchal-Vassal relations. Therefore, tributary trade between states naturally played a dominating role. And the non- governmental economic and trade relations were marginalised. In general, the economic exchange history between the two sides can be divided into four periods, namely, encountering period, development period, prosperous period and troubling period. After the gradual development of tens of thousands of years, the non-governmental economic relations between the two sides have become an irreversible trend. This is driven by external and internal factors. Externally, friendship between the countries, open foreign policies and attitudes of focusing on commerce and trade are the main factors. Internally, a country's economic development and the progress of science and technology are the factors facilitating the bilateral exchange. The experiences derived from

  11. Analysis of the Reasons behind Reduced Enrollment in Non-governmental Institutions of Higher Learning and Its Countermeasures based on Dynamic Feedback Analysis%基于“动态反馈分析”的民办高校生源萎缩问题及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾智飞; 喻国英

    2014-01-01

    Since the reform and opening up, non-governmental institutions of higher learning have played a positive role on higher education popularization.However, since 2009 most non-governmental institutions of higher learning have suffered setback of re-duced student enrollment, which has brought enormous pressure to their survival and development.The decrease of enrollment is mainly caused by university-age population decline, increased enrollment by public universities, vicious competition among uni-versities and the diversion from other channels.This paper uses the Dynamic feedback analysis to develop relevant models to ana-lyze the reasons behind this enrollment reduction.Specific countermeasures are proposed, including government providing policy support, strengthening supervision and establishing information network, and university promoting core competition in terms of o-rientation, financing, recruitment and management, so as to provide helpful reference for students recruitment crisis in non-gov-ernmental institutions of higher learning.%改革开放以来,民办高校为我国高等教育的大众化与普及化发挥了积极的作用。但2009年以来,大部分民办高校都遭遇了招生寒流,对其生存与发展带来了巨大压力。民办高校生源减少主要是由适龄人口下降、公办高校扩招、学校间恶性竞争以及各渠道分流生源造成的。文章运用“动态反馈分析法”建立模型,分析民办高校生源减少的原因,并从政府和学校两方面提出对策,以期为民办高校应对生源危机提供有益的借鉴。

  12. Green Regions? Comparing Civil Society Activism in NAFTA and the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony R. Zito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the role of environmental civil society in two regional organizations, the European Union and nafta. It uses the Transnational Advocacy Network approach to assess how non-governmental organizations make use of opportunities to influence policy, and the effects of civil society engagement. Despite wide differences between the two organizations, there are important commonalities: both provide resources and important access points for NGOS, both have limits and frustrations, and both encourage coalition-building among NGOS

  13. Global Civil Society and Health Advocacy in Intellectual Property Related Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Bennett, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Civil society organizations and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) act as policy watchdogs and often represent the voices of marginalized populations. The importance of advocates in the field of Intellectual Property is apparent now more than ever. The global stage is changing; what were previously considered domestic issues have been thrust onto the international stage by agreements such as the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights agreement (TRIPS) (Sell & Praka...

  14. 民办中学英语教师专业发展现状及模式构建--以湖南省衡阳市为例%On the Status Quo and Model of English TeachersˊProfessional Development in Non - governmental Junior High School:Taking Hengyang City in Hunan for Instance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹俊飞

    2015-01-01

    以衡阳市五所民办中学的英语教师为研究对象,采用问卷调查、访谈和课堂观察等研究方法,调查了民办中学英语教师的专业发展现状,包括专业知识、专业能力及专业发展意识、途径。在此基础上,构建了民办中学促进英语教师专业发展的有效模式。%The subjects of the paper are the English teachers from five non - governmental junior high schools in Hengyang City of Hunan Province. The research adopts questionnaires,interview and class observation as research meth-ods. In the paper,the researcher explores the status quo of teachersˊ professional developments,including their profes-sional knowledge,ability and awareness. Then on the basis of research results,an effective model of professional devel-opment model is constructed for teachers.

  15. Patterns of International Non Governmental Organisation’s Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Huggett

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at the growth of INGOs, the patterns of that growth, and what has driven this growth.  It asks whether this growth has been healthy, and how these new global institutions are held accountable.

  16. non -governmental organisations' response to substance abuse and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    This research was undergirded by the human rights approach. .... other homeless people were queuing for food rations at the Anglican Cathedral. .... De Melo Resend, V. (2012) Critical discourse analysis and ethnography: The crisis in the.

  17. Administrative Complaints on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

    OpenAIRE

    Sears, Brad; Mallory, Christy; Hunter, Nan D.

    2009-01-01

    Employment discrimination complaints filed with state and local administrative agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also document a widespread and persistent pattern of sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination against LGBT state and local employees. This chapter proceeds in five parts. The first part reviews academic scholarship analyzing the number and scope of administrative complaints that have been filed based on allegations of sexual orientation or gen...

  18. THE NETTED HUMANITARIAN: IMPROVING THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT PROCESS FOR HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE/DISASTER RELIEF (HA/DR) MISSIONS C

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez, Christian X.

    2013-01-01

    Setting up reliable communications after a disaster is an extremely difficult yet crucial requirement for coordinating relief efforts. Lessons learned from recent humanitarian disasters point to major difficulties in establishing communications to quickly and accurately assess responder needs in the affected area and communicating this information to first responders from government relief agencies, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the military. The militarys growing role in Humanita...

  19. 数字解读(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Thousands of NGOs Zhang Xiaoling,director of the Human Rights Research Center of the Party School of the CPC (Communist Party of China)Central Committee,told a recent international symposium on human rights,"At present,there are more than 10,000 non-governmental organizations in China working to protect women's rights.They are having an increasingly important influence on the Chinese Government's policymaking and legislation."

  20. Crowd Confrontation and Non-Lethal Weapons: A Literature Review and Conceptual Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Police Task Force (IPTF), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ( UNHCR ) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs); 3. Understanding the...Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ...personnels, comme le sexe , l’âge, l’ethnie et la culture, les facteurs externes, comme l’environnement ou la température, et les facteurs

  1. Ecotourism: Are current practices delivering desired outcomes? A comparative case study analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Matthews, Elizabeth Joy

    2002-01-01

    Ecotourism has emerged as one of the fastest- growing sectors of the tourism market, influenced primarily by public demand for more environmentally responsible tourism. When planned properly, it has been asserted that ecotourism can integrate conservation of biodiversity with socio-economic development of local communities. For this reason, many governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are eager to develop ecotourism in protected areas in order to maximize these benefits. Howe...

  2. 重庆环保民间组织发展现状及其SWOT分析%A SWOT Analysis of Development of Environmental NGOs in Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭瑶

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces the status and characteristics of the environmental NGOs in Chongqing City and conducts a SWOT analysis. And then it puts forward some development suggestions for the development og environmental NGOs.%介绍了重庆民间环保组织的发展现状及特点,并对其进行了SWOT分析,提出了几点关于重庆民间环保组织发展的建议。

  3. Making International Organizations More Democratic

    OpenAIRE

    Frey, Bruno S.; Alois Stutzer

    2017-01-01

    World governance today is characterized by international organizations lacking democratic legitimacy and control by the citizens they claim to represent. They are also criticized for being inefficient. This leads to violent protests and to NGOs having great influence. To address these problems, we propose international governance based on the democratic idea of citizen participation: All citizens of the member countries of international organizations have the potential right to participate in...

  4. NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS: PROBLEMS & REMEDIES IN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kotte Prabhakar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available NGO are non-profit making agencies that are constituted with a vision by a group of like mindedpeople, committed for the uplift of the poor, marginalized, unprivileged, underprivileged,impoverished, downtrodden and the needy and they are closer and accessible to the target groups.Фlexible in administration, quicker in decision making, timely in action and facilitating the peopletowards self-reliance ensuring their fullest participation in the whole process of development. Theachievements and success of NGOs in various fields and the excellent work done by them in specificareas is no doubt a tremendous task that has helped to meet the changing needs of the social system.However, insprite of its achievements in various fields, NGOs are facing different problems whichdiffer from organization to organization, region to region. In this context, an attempt is made in thispaper to discuss some of the common problems faced by the NGOs and to give some remedies toovercome these problems.

  5. ANALYSIS OF KEY-MOTIVATORS IN THE ROMANIAN-NGO ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Pacesila

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the ways to motivate volunteers and employees or members from non-governmental sector in order to find out which are the most effective of them and to see if there are differences regarding the motivation depending on the type of organization and the field of activity. The reason for investigating the literature in the field is to see how the contemporary authors have defined the term NGO as well as the concept of motivation.Methodology: The research described in this paper is based on qualitative research method. Data gathering methods included the document analysis in order to bring some important clarifications on the concept of non-governmental organizations and motivation as well as semi-structured interview in order to identify the ways to motivate human resources from nongovernmental sector.Findings: The analysis and interpretation of the data highlight that there are differences in the ways of motivating non-governmental sector human resources depending on the field of activity, but not depending on the type of organization. Despite the obstacles encountered, the management of NGOs uses the most effective ways in order to increase the motivation level of volunteers, employees or members.Research limitation: The limits of this paper come once with the limited number of the interviewees, as well as the types of non-governmental organizations surveyed.Value of paper: The paper has both theoretical and practical importance, explaining the concepts of NGOs and motivation and analysing the ways of motivating human resources in the non-governmental organizations.

  6. Two logics of NGO advocacy: understanding inside and outside lobbying on EU environmental policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junk, Wiebke Marie

    2016-01-01

    Contributions by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to European governance supposedly enhance participatory democracy. It matters for this democratic surplus how NGOs foster relationships to both policy-makers and publics by engaging in inside and outside lobbying on European Union policies....... This article investigates the factors that explain this lobbying behaviour. It contrasts organization-level hypotheses on the NGOs’ relational and resource characteristics with issue-level hypotheses on the complexity, salience and beneficiary group of the policy issue. Expectations are formulated under...... the assumption that different logics of influence and reputation drive inside and outside lobbying by NGOs. The findings suggest that issue-level characteristics have more explanatory power than organization-level factors. More salient, less complex issues and issues involving a public good have significantly...

  7. Beyond idealism and realism: Canadian NGO/government relations during the negotiation of the FCTC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lencucha, Raphael; Labonté, Ronald; Rouse, Michael J

    2010-04-01

    The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) marks a unique point in the history of global health governance. This convention produced the first legally binding treaty under the auspices of the World Health Organization. Another first was the extent to which non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated in the negotiation process. This article explores the relationship between one group of NGOs and their respective government during the negotiation of the FCTC. Documentary analyses and 18 individual in-depth interviews were conducted with both government and NGO representatives. In contrast to the polar perspectives of idealism (NGOs as unique and autonomous) and realism (NGOs as funded arms of the government), our findings suggest that neither opposition nor conformity on the part of the NGOs characterize the relationship between the NGOs and government. While specific to the case under study (the FCTC), our findings nonetheless indicate the need for a nuanced view of the relationship between governments and NGOs, at least during the process of multilateral health policy negotiations.

  8. Needfulness and challenges of internationalisation and involvement of international environmental NGOs in University research and education: The lessons learned from nuclear waste management sector research projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Mihok

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Society’s perceptions of desired democratic standards in radioactive waste management sector have changed significantly in the recent two decades. The change, known also as ‘participatory turn’, can be well illustrated on the example of site selection process for a geological repository of spent nuclear fuel in the Czech Republic. Empiric evidence from this process outlines links between the roles of Governmental bodies, NGOs, research institutions and businesses in dealing with the new challenges in decision making procedures concerning spent nuclear fuel. Selected examples from the EURATOM financed research projects ARGONA, COWAM and IPPA illustrate a growing need for internationalisation and involvement of environmental NGOs in related research and education processes in a near future.

  9. NGOs and gender policy: some issues from the south Indian silk-reeling industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayoux, L

    1993-10-01

    In India, silk reeling, the middle stage in silk production, is potentially very profitable, and the silk industry has been required to adopt gender-aware policies such as appointing female staff and introducing gender sensitization training. To date, policies designed to encourage women's entrepreneurship in the reeling industry have been unsuccessful. Men have appropriated credit issued in women's names, and no women's cooperatives are currently in operation. The policies designed to encourage female entrepreneurship in reeling woefully overlooked the complexity of this work which involves a substantial investment of capital and significant risk. Women and girls continue to work as unpaid family workers and wage laborers without the benefits of governmental policies to protect their interests. In fact, attempts to introduce labor legislation to protect women have been blocked on the national level by the powerful Reelers' Association. Policies which address gender issues in the family and in the wider context of the silk industry are also lacking, and there is a wide variation in how women are able or unable to manipulate their positions to their advantage. Women's inabilities are the root cause of their inability to become entrepreneurs and improve their labor status. Nongovernmental organizations can enhance entrepreneurship and cooperative development by improving training in all aspects of running a business and in group formation. Women laborers must organize to improve wages and working conditions, and women must be able to increase their control over income and resources and their access to the outside world even as they decrease the time spent on unpaid reproductive labor.

  10. World Bank credits Uganda with $50m. -- emphasis on communities, NGOs and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Between 1983 and 1984, the World Bank financed 11 AIDS/STD projects in Africa, most of which tended to cost comparatively small amounts. It increased the amount of its AIDS/STD loans considerably in 1993 and 1994 ($75 million in Zimbabwe and $50 million in Uganda). The Ugandan government, Germany, Sweden, and the UK are also funding the AIDS/STD project. Since the money is from the Bank's International Development Association, Uganda does not need to pay any interest on the loan. About 1.5 million people in Uganda are HIV positive. The number of AIDS patients continues to rise. The AIDS project in Uganda focuses on prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, mitigation of the personal impact of the epidemic, and institutional development. Prevention of sexual transmission activities are: promotion of safer sex behavior, condoms, and STD care-seeking behavior and effective STD care. Support for community-based and home-based health care and social support for people with AIDS, training staff about and providing drugs for opportunistic infections, protective supplies for public and private district health facilities, and diagnosis and case management of tuberculosis comprise mitigation of the personal impact of AIDS activities. Institutional development efforts include strengthening the district level's capacity to plan, coordinate, implement, monitor, and evaluate integrated AIDS-related activities, and the national level's capacity to provide adequate technical support on health issues linked to AIDS. Three key policies of the project are decentralization, community mobilization, and encouragement of nongovernmental organizations to work with communities and to complement government efforts. A large scale AIDS/STD mass media program is planned. Project goals are: 50% of the population knowing at least 2 actual ways to protect themselves from HIV. 50% of the population using condoms, and 70% of people seeking STD care receiving appropriate STD case management.

  11. THE ORGANIZATION OF YOUTH TRAVEL AT GLOBAL LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Olimpia MOISĂ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available At global level there are various associations and professional organizations aimed at promoting tourism in general and youth travel in particular. Sure, international organizations play the most important role because they include members from all over the world, but regional and national organizations shouldn't be neglected, because they contribute at the development of youth travel in their areas and have a rather important role in regional integration.To understand how youth travel is organized internationally, this paper presents the main governmental and non-governmental organizations who play an extremely important role in developing and promoting youth travel by starting legislative projects and organizing joint actions, especially towards training young people in jobs related to tourism and leisure time, educating youth in the spirit of eco-tourism or getting them directly involved in maintaining and preserving tourism heritage.

  12. Öğretmen Adaylarının Çevre Kirliliğine ve Çevreyle İlgili Sivil Toplum Örgütlerine Yönelik Görüşleri / Teacher Candidates’ Views about Environmental Pollution and Non-Governmental Organizations Related to the Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KAHYAOĞLU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, ilköğretim öğretmen adaylarının çevre eğitimi konusundaki duyarlılıklarını ortaya koyabilmek adına, çevre kirliliğiyle ilgili algıları, çevreyle ilgili sivil toplum örgütleri hakkındaki görüşleri ve çevre sorunlarının çözümüne yönelik düşüncelerinin ortaya konulması ayrıca Türkiye’deki çevre ile ilgili sivil toplum örgütlerinin faaliyetlerinin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma, 2010-2011 eğitim öğretim yılı bahar döneminde Siirt Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi İlköğretim Sınıf, Fen Bilgisi, Matematik ve Sosyal Bilgiler öğretmenliği programında gönüllülük esası ile seçkisiz (random olarak belirlenen ve son sınıfta öğrenim gören 37 öğrenci ile yürütülmüştür. Verilerin analizinde içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda, öğretmen adayları çevreyle ilgili sivil toplum örgütlerinin görevleri hakkında yeterli bilgiye sahipken, bunlardan bir bölümünü tanımamaları dikkat çekicidir. Bu durum sivil toplum örgütlerinin çevre eğitimine yönelik faaliyetlere yer vermesine karşın ulusal anlamda amacına ulaşmadığını da ortaya koymaktadır.

  13. Non-governmental nonprofit organizations in Japan:Juristic frame,systemic reform and developmental trends%日本民间非营利组织:法律框架、制度改革和发展趋势——"日本NPO法律制度研修"考察报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    民政部"日本NP0法律制度研修"代表团

    2006-01-01

    @@ 2006年7月17日至29日,民政部民间组织管理局副局长李勇率领代表团一行12人出访日本,围绕中日政府间技术合作项目--"日本NP0法律制度研修",进行了为期两周的一系列考察、学习活动.

  14. Conservation Lands and Preserves, Agricultural, Municipal & Non-Governmental Organization Conservation Lands; LocCons11; Non-State Conservation lands are real property permanently protected from future development by fee simple ownership, conservation or other restrictive easements, or deed restriction, Published in 2011, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Conservation Lands and Preserves, Agricultural dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as...

  15. 立足党的领导方式和执政方式的转变 开拓上海民间组织管理新格局%Opening up a New Situation of Management of Non-governmental Organizations in Shanghai, based on the Transformation of the CPC's Style of Governance and Leadership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢玲丽

    2003-01-01

    民间组织的管理创新和党的领导方式与执政方式的转变密切相关,它的发展既是体制改革的结果,又是社会发展的环节和支撑.通过对上海民间组织发展状况的考察,本文从民间组织管理创新的战略定位、指导思想和管理体系,以及推进民间组织现代化、规范化与国际化发展等方面,探讨了在党的领导方式和执政方式转变的情况下,积极开拓民间组织管理的思路与建议.

  16. The Impact on Administrative Organization and Development Trend of Non-governmental Organizations——Taking Beijing Volunteers Association as an Example%非政府组织对行政组织的影响及其发展趋势——以北京志愿者联合会为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙静

    2013-01-01

    在“全能政府”向“服务型政府”的转型过程中,非政府组织承担起越来越多的社会公共事务.它的兴起与壮大对政治、经济、文化和社会产生了深远的影响,它在缓解社会矛盾,巩固国家政权;倡导和谐理念,推动经济的可持续发展;提升思想的多元性与包容性,引领先进文化;提供多元公共产品,促进社会公平公正等宏观方面做出了突出贡献.同时非政府组织关注民生民族,并身体力行在众多微观领域寻求突破.未来非政府组织将与行政组织建立起更亲密的合作伙伴关系,成为社会公共事务管理的主体力量,随着其组织化、专业化和国际化程度的提高,将呈现规范化、法制化、网络化发展趋势.

  17. Costos y calidad de la prueba de detección oportuna del cáncer cervicouterino en una clínica pública y en una organización no gubernamental Comparison of cervical cancer screening program costs and quality of care between a public clinic and a Non-Governmental Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Jesica Gómez-Jauregui A.

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Comparar los costos y la calidad de la prueba de detección oportuna del cáncer cervicouterino, entre una clínica pública y una organización no gubernamental (ONG). Material y métodos. Se trata de un estudio de abordaje cuantitativo y cualitativo hecho en dos establecimientos asistenciales de la ciudad de Cuernavaca, Morelos, entre abril y julio de 1999. Mediante un estudio transversal se comparó el costo del proceso de producción de la prueba, desagregado en cuatro componentes, y pa...

  18. The C6 Program: Monitoring Climatic Changes in Canyons and Caves Involving Scientific Istitutions, Environmental NGOs and Mountain Sport Associations

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Pietro, R.; Casamento, G.; Interlandi, M.; Madonia, P.

    2007-12-01

    The acronym "C6" means "Climatic Changes and Carbon Cycle in Canyons and Caves". The project was born in 2005, joining under the scientific supervision of the Palermo branch of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia two different programs both active since 1999; the first was due to the initiative of the Italian Canyoning Association, a no-profit association aimed to the diffusion of the canyoning sport practise in Italy, the second one, developed by the NGO Legambiente Sicilia and funded by the Regione Siciliana-Assessorato Territorio e Ambiente (Sicilian Regional Government, Territorial and Environmental Department), managing the natural reserves of Santa Ninfa, Carburangeli and Sant'Angelo Muxaro caves (Sicily), was focused to verify the existence of a possible environmental negative feedback of human fruition. In 2005 the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature of Jordan joined the program, and a new site was established inside the Shagher Daghleh Canyon in the Wadi Dana Reserve. In October 2006 the Caver Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina joined the C6 program and another observational site was instituted into a cave close to Sarajevo. Preliminary data acquired indicate how canyons play a very important role in biodiversity preservation in arid and semi-arid environments, whereas caves are extraordinary natural laboratories for the study of carbon dioxide partition between atmosphere and lithosphere, of the effect of rain dynamic on the underground aquifer recharge and, last but not least, of the monitoring of climatic changes. The success of the initiative is based on the very different nature of the co-participants. Caver and canyoning associations guarantee the safe accessibility to difficult environments, like canyons and caves. The selection as measuring sites of natural reserves managed by NGOs, whose activity is essentially based on volunteers, ensure on one hand their environmental stability on a long term perspective, on the other hand

  19. An Overview of "Doing Gender" in Women's Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cutright, Chelsea

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Using a focus of practice-based studies and the phenomenon of gender as a practice, this paper explores how to examine the practice of gender within women’s organizations. The author looks at the impacts of gendered individuals within organizations, questions the contemporary literature on organizing as an inherently masculine space, and explores how gendered organizing impacts predominately female-based organizations in their interactions with male dominated organizations. It concludes that utilizing a practice-based approach to organizing which includes a gendered analysis of practice offers a compelling way to understand gender within NGOs and other organizations focused on women’s issues.

  20. Organizing for rural energy development: Improved cookstoves, local organizations, and the state in Gujarat, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maniates, M.F.

    1990-01-01

    Proponents of the sustainable development of Third World States frequently urge the integration of local non-government organizations (NGOs) into State-sponsored, centrally administered programs of rural-resource development. This study draws on literatures on energy use, biomass technologies, and organization theory, and on interviews, archival research, and organizational surveys of eight Gujarati NGOs conducted in India in 1986 and 1987. It concludes that the conventional wisdom guiding State-NGO collaboration is in important ways flawed. Though driven by political and fiscal imperatives to integrate local NGOs in State programs, national planners are ill-equipped to cope with the uncertainty and vulnerability such collaboration brings. Their understandable response is to structure collaboration in ways inimical to overarching goals of local participation and flexible administration. Simultaneously, at the local level, unmanaged systems of collaboration - organized around a view of local organizations as self-guiding and self-correcting - generates a degradation of capacity. Organizational assumptions driving the sustainable development of India's (and much of the Third World's) rural energy resources must be re-evaluated.

  1. Multi-Stakeholder Platform Contribution to Value Chain Development : The Honey & Beeswax, Milk & Milk Products, Pineapple and Edible Oil & Oilseeds Value Chains in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Drost (Sarah); J.C.A.C. van Wijk (Jeroen); F. Mandefro (Fenta)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractMulti-stakeholder platforms are increasingly recognized by researchers and practitioners as promising mechanisms for stimulating economies in developing countries. An increasing number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and private enterprises are participating in such platforms, h

  2. International organizations as orchestrators

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, Kenneth W

    2015-01-01

    International Organizations as Orchestrators reveals how IOs leverage their limited authority and resources to increase their effectiveness, power, and autonomy from states. By 'orchestrating' intermediaries - including NGOs - IOs can shape and steer global governance without engaging in hard, direct regulation. This volume is organized around a theoretical model that emphasizes voluntary collaboration and support. An outstanding group of scholars investigate the significance of orchestration across key issue areas, including trade, finance, environment and labor, and in leading organizations, including the GEF, G20, WTO, EU, Kimberley Process, UNEP and ILO. The empirical studies find that orchestration is pervasive. They broadly confirm the theoretical hypotheses while providing important new insights, especially that states often welcome IO orchestration as achieving governance without creating strong institutions. This volume changes our understanding of the relationships among IOs, nonstate actors and sta...

  3. Organizational Democracy and Women's Empowerment: An Examination of Four Advocacy Organizations in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Mahin

    2014-01-01

    Women's empowerment is an important aim of the development activities of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) in Bangladesh. In a patriarchal society, women experience discrimination and their participation in decision making processes often is not allowed in domestic, political and economic affairs. Most women's organizations mainly work to create a better, non-discriminatory, and equal society for women. To focus on this goal, these organizations often are not conscious of democracy at their...

  4. Corporate Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Heidi; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the potential of Danish corporate foundations as boundary organizations facilitating relationships between their founding companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Hitherto, research has been silent about the role of corporate foundations in relation to cross......-sector partnerships. The results of this paper are based on interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents from a 19-month empirical study of a Danish corporate foundation. Findings suggest that corporate foundations have potential to act as boundary organizations and facilitate collaborative...... action between business and NGOs through convening, translation, collaboration, and mediation. Our study provides valuable insights into the tri-part relationship of company foundation NGO by discussing the implications of corporate foundations taking an active role in the realm of corporate social...

  5. Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatch, Mary Jo

    Most of us recognize that organizations are everywhere. You meet them on every street corner in the form of families and shops, study in them, work for them, buy from them, pay taxes to them. But have you given much thought to where they came from, what they are today, and what they might become...... in the future? How and why do they have so much influence over us, and what influences them? How do they contribute to and detract from the meaningfulness of lives, and how might we improve them so they better serve our needs and desires? This Very Short Introductions addresses all of these questions...

  6. The state and consumer confidence in eco-labeling: organic labeling in Denmark, Sweden, The United Kingdom and The United States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderskov, Kim Mannemar; Daugbjerg, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Trustworthy eco-labels provide consumers with valuable information on environmentally friendly products and thus promote green consumerism. But what makes an eco-label trustworthy and what can government do to increase consumer confidence? The scant existing literature indicates that low...... increase green consumerism through active and substantial involvement in eco-labeling....... governmental involvement increases confidence. This suggests that government should just provide the basic legal framework for eco-labeling and leave the rest to non-governmental organizations. However, the empirical underpinning of this conclusion is insufficient. This paper analyses consumer confidence...

  7. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study. South Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cox, Sadie [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Nawaz, Kathleen [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Sandor, Debra [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-05-19

    This case study reviews South Africa’s experience in considering the impacts of climate change action on development goals, focusing on the South African energy sector and development impact assessments (DIAs) that have and could be used to influence energy policy or inform the selection of energy activities. It includes a review of assessments—conducted by government ministries, technical partners, and academic institutes and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—that consider employment, health, and water implications of possible energy sector actions, as well as multi-criteria impact assessments.

  8. Social mapping for supporting sensemaking and collaboration: the case of development informatics research in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Marais, Mario A

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available , development studies, community development) and the boundaries between researchers and implementing bodies such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to create a communal space for sensemaking. The effectiveness of the implementation of development can... Informatics” or “ICT4D” and ‘South Africa’. The search was carried out during September 2016. The result produced both South African and non-South African researchers so the list was checked against attendance lists of researchers who attended ICT4D events...

  9. Proposal of a social alliance success model from a relationship marketing perspective: A meta-analytical study of the theoretical foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Jesús Barroso-Méndez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Partnerships between businesses and non-governmental organizations (NGOs have become widely adopted mechanisms for collaboration in addressing complex social issues, the aim being to take advantage of the two types of organizational rationale to generate mutual value. Many such alliances have proved to be unsuccessful, however. To assist managers improve the likelihood of success of their collaborative relationships, the authors propose a success model of business-NGO partnering processes based on Relationship Marketing Theory. They also analyse the theoretical bases of the model's hypotheses through a meta-analytical study of the existing literature.

  10. Type 1 diabetes in Twitter: who all listen to?

    OpenAIRE

    Gabarron, Elia; Makhlysheva, Alexandra; MARCO RUIZ, LUIS

    2015-01-01

    Published version, also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-564-7-972. License CC-BY-NC. Knowing what the conversation on Twitter regarding type 1 diabetes (T1D) is about can help in understanding the kind of information relevant to the individuals affected by the disease. The profile of Twitter users posting on T1D was collected and classified. The number of re-tweets was also registered. The tweets posted by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), communication media, and i...

  11. 国际禁止地雷运动中的非政府组织%The Role of NGOs in the International Campaign to Ban Landmines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孔祥

    2012-01-01

    地雷、特别是杀伤人员地雷,在世界范围内造成了严重的人道主义灾难,成为国际和平运动的控制对象。"国际禁雷行动"、红十字国际委员会等非政府组织掀起声势浩大的反对地雷运动,突破了大国主导裁军事务的传统框架,使地雷问题得到了较好地解决。非政府组织在动员舆论、推动国际社会形成禁止地雷的共识、直接参与了《禁止地雷公约》文本的起草并促使各国政府批准该公约、监督《禁止地雷公约》的执行、发展习惯国际法等方面做出了重大贡献。%Landmines,especially APLs,have caused globally devastating humanistic disasters,and become the control object of International Peace Movement.NGOs,such as the International Campaign to Ban Landmines(ICBL),International Committee of Red Cross,have launched various campaigns against landmines,which break up the traditional disarm frameworks led by super powers,and result in a reasonable resolution of the landmine issue.NGOs also contribute greatly to raise public awareness,to help form a consensus concerning landmine ban,to directly take part in the draft of Convention on the Prohibition of the Use,Stockpiling,Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction,and to prompt governments to approve this Convention and to monitor its implementation,and finally,to develop customary international laws.

  12. What Role Should Environmental and Conservation Nongovernmental Organizations Play in Science Communication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staudt, A. C.

    2008-12-01

    Communication of a scientific topic as complex and multifaceted as climate change requires multiple strategies that are effective for reaching different audiences. The scientific community plays a pivotal role in advancing public understanding of climate change, generally via statements issued by professional societies, synthesis assessments, and media coverage of research publications. These efforts can be especially influential in the national public policy arena, but are not always the best means for educating the general public. Indeed, polls of the American public's views on climate change present a contradictory picture: a large majority of Americans agree that climate change is taking place, but many have a fundamental lack of understanding as to what causes it or how it might impact them. This results in confusion about what are the best solutions for addressing climate change. In addition, large science organizations may be ill equipped to communicate about regional and local climate impacts and responses. Environmental and conservation nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) can help bridge these gaps in understanding by translating scientific information and making it relevant to targeted audiences. NGOs can be effective messengers because they often have extensive grassroots networks, staff focused on regional and local issues, and high credibility with their respective constituencies. Furthermore, NGOs typically devote considerable resources to communication, from developing print, web, and video materials for their outreach efforts to cultivating relationships with the media. However, NGOs that are involved in advocacy run the risk of being considered biased in their presentation of scientific information. For this reason, partnerships with scientists can be an effective way for NGOs to avoid the perception of bias and use their resources to greatly expand the understanding and relevancy of research results. Examples will be presented of the National

  13. How Can People’s Organization Contribute to Peace,Security and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pou; Sovachana

    2014-01-01

    <正>First of all,I would like to extend my sincere appreciation to the CPAPD.I understand that this"Exchange Program for NGOs Leaders"is organized to promote practical bilateral cooperation and take joint initiatives between CPAPD and other relevant organizations to promote lasting peace,security,and development for all nations of the world.Today,I would like to share my perspective on"How Can People’s

  14. Use of direct marketing in nonprofit organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Ana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Non profit organizations represent very heterogenus group of organizations which can be determined by the fact that they are being used as forums for creation and distribution of new ideas. Their aim is to raise public awareness on the purpose they promote and get the reply for their initiatives for gaining support in form of monetary sources for charities, vote for political candidate or achieving a communicational goal. Non governmental organizations, as the dominant form of non profit organizations, are being founded with mission to raise public awareness on some issue or provide help to certain marginalized group. The direct marketing instruments and techniques are considered to be very useful for achieving mission formulated that way. They are, by their nature, precisely targeted and objective-oriented and require direct reply. Apart from that, direct marketing activities are cost-efficient, costs that they generate can be shown in financial reports, and results of undertaken initiatives are directly measurable. All the mentioned lead to conclusion that direct marketing is, for additional reasons, even more appropriate for NPOs having in mind that they usually have limited available resources. In the relevant literature two main roles of direct marketing in non profit organizations are mentioned - managing relations with representatives of stakeholder groups and fundraising. In this paper, therefore, after the facts referring functioning of NPOs, direct marketing strategies used for mentioned purposes will be presented consequently.

  15. Non-governmental organization’s legitimacy for proposition of popular legal action in environmental subject. Legitimidade das organizações não-governamentais para propositura de ação popular em matéria ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Campos de Oliveira

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The technological-industrial development occurred in the world unleashed by the Industrial Revolution, causing environmental degradation in worrying proportions. At first, under the influence of the anthropocentric paradigm, the problem of environmental degradation was not given due attention. However, with the development of research in this area, the biocentric paradigm has been developed, which considered the environment as an organic whole in which humans are inseparable components. Since then, the Constitutions of several countries has begun to protect the environment more effectively, including access to environmental justice. This article proposes the inclusion of NGO’s as active legitimates to Popular Environmental Action.O desenvolvimento tecnológico ocorrido no mundo, desencadeado pela Revolução Industrial, ocasionou a degradação ambiental em proporções preocupantes. A princípio, sob influência do paradigma antropocêntrico, não era dispensada a devida atenção ao problema da degradação ambiental. Entretanto, com a evolução de pesquisas neste âmbito, foi se desenvolvendo o paradigma biocêntrico, que considerava o ambiente como um todo orgânico, no qual os seres humanos são componentes indissociáveis. A partir de então, Constituições de diversos Estados passaram a tutelar o meio ambiente de forma mais eficaz, sendo incluído o acesso à justiça ambiental. Este artigo objetiva, deste modo, propor a inclusão das ONG’s como legitimadas ativas para propor Ação Popular Ambiental.

  16. Rural development NGOS and service delivery to the very poor: An empirical analysis of a training center in rural Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balgah Roland Azibo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The role of development nongovernmental organizations (DNGOs in driving change, servicing the very poor and reducing poverty especially in rural areas in developing countries has been generally affirmed in the rural economics literature. This romantic image accounts to a large extent for the exponential numeric growth observed in the sector, and for burgeoning research on the subject by rural development economists. However, not enough empirical evidence exists on the extent to which such organizations actually service the very poor. This paper uses the example of a rural development NGO in the administrative unit of North West Cameroon to assess the extent to which the very poor actually benefit from DNGO services. A relative poverty approach is applied, allowing for the use of individual indicators and computed poverty indices to compare beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the DNGO service delivery based on cross sectional data. The results indicate that the DNGO serviced mainly poor communities. However, a disproportionately higher share of the benefits (60% went to groups that were already well off before service delivery, than to the very poor. The paper then emphasizes the need for DNGOs to carry out poverty analysis prior to service delivery, as a prerequisite to effectively reach out to the very poor, particularly in rural areas in Cameroon.

  17. The Constellation of Twinned NGOs- Schools: A New Transdemocratic Horizon in the Global Citizenship Education proposed by UNESCO for the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to describe the most relevant features of the Global Citizenship Education (GCE proposed by UNESCO for the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. Thus, after having submitted an educational, political, and epistemological proposal in Rio+20 to achieve a sustainable development for eradication of poverty, our research will be focused in the construc-tion of new philosophical discussions about the complexity of global problems of humanity in the third millennium. They include poverty, sustainable development, climate change, water scarcity, economic globalization, governance, ethics, health etc. Based on Complex Theory and transdici-plinary methodology, we also propose a transnational and transcultural educational milestone with the intentionality to contextualize human condition in the cosmodernity paradigm, which re-quires looking into the future with a polylogical perspective opened to universal interconnection and complexity of the world-society. Then, we propose the creation of a Constellation of Twinned NGOs-Schools which develop altruistic educational projects of cooperation in all corners of the planet to build, ultimately, a new transdemocratic horizon in the Cyber-Space-Time.

  18. From conflict to partnership: growing collaboration between police and NGOs in countries with concentrated epidemics among key populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Thomson

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Between September 2012 and December 2015, a series of national and regional consultations, aimed at resolving a persistent dynamic of conflict between law enforcement agencies (LEAs and civil society organizations (CSOs working on issues of access to HIV services in high-priority countries for people who use drugs have been organized by the HIV/AIDS Section of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Law Enforcement and HIV Network (LEAHN and other international organizations. The aim of these consultations has been to understand, at a national and regional level, the key points of tension between police and CSOs and how to overcome these tensions to enhance access to and uptake of services by key populations, including people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders. This commentary briefly describes the methods, process, content and key outcomes of these consultations held across diverse number of countries and regions, including Africa, South East Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. Discussion: While the context varies, this paper highlights that there are commonalities that drive a persistent dynamic of conflict and therefore also common methods for resolution of conflict and forging partnerships. Both policing and CSOs have key sectoral responsibilities and reform agendas to implement to ensure that as an individual agency they are able to meet their obligations as partners in the HIV response. Using the key outcomes of discussions and recommendations from these consultations and drawing on existing literature, the objective of this paper is to present a preliminary model that roadmaps the critical path from resolution of conflict to partnership between LEAs and CSOs. Conclusions: This paper seeks to highlight that critical resources are required to support ongoing development and harnessing of partnerships

  19. Lalu Fadlurrahman 93 Promoting Democratization and Good Governance: Rifka Annisa Women Crisis Center Yogyakarta PROMOTING DEMOCRATIZATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE: RIFKA ANNISA WOMEN CRISIS CENTER YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalu Fadlurrahman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the reformation era in 1998, the number of No n-Governmental Organizations in Indonesia is exploding and their impact on Governance growing. D ecentralization Policy has supported this trend with its goal to enhance development in the regions , requiring more active involvement of the people in formulating their interests. Organizations can p lay an important role in the regions as a bridge between the people and the government. In order to strengthen that role, Non-Governmental Organizations must have a solid organisational fund ament and political strategies to get actively involved in the policy making process. An addition al stronger legal fundament for such an active role could force the government agencies to include NGOs in the part a policy process. This paper delivers a case study on the actual performance of a local Non-Governmental Organization in the field of Gender Politics and Good Governance. Organisational set up and results of attempts to play an active role in articulating the interests of people it rep resents are reviewed and lead to suggestions for improvement of performance, that can work as guidel ine for other NGOs in Indonesia who want to contribute to local Governance

  20. Moving wilderness back to the stage : Increasing tourism and non-governmental activities in Antarctica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neumann, Antje

    2015-01-01

    Wilderness protection in Antarctica is already a policy target emphasized in the Netherlands policy framework for the Polar Regions, and it will be even more concretized in the new policy setting. Against this background, a PhD-project on the relevance of wilderness concept for managing tourist and

  1. A DISEQUILIBRIUM MODEL FOR LEI-DENOMINATED NON-GOVERNMENTAL CREDIT IN ROMANIA

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    Cristian-Florin Dănănău

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available We empirically investigate through an econometric approach the Romanian credit market, namely the lei-denominated part of it, and the factors that interact with it. The main goal is to assess whether a credit crunch ocurred in Romania during the economic crisis. To this end we employ the disequilibrium model framework, set up in economic literature some 40 years ago. Our investigation takes into consideration the main macroeconomic determinants of this market, that interact with demand and supply. Our approach has in view the macroeconomic variables such as output, interest rates and foreign currency credit. The demand and supply function are estimated through the maximization of a certain maximum likelihood function. The final conclusion is that, based on the estimated model, one cannot detect a credit crunch in the after-crisis period. This paper’s results show that empirically-constructed disequilibrium models can be used to properly describe the behavior of the lei-denominated credit market, by taking necessary precautions.

  2. Lawmaking process and non-governmental stakeholders in China’s Antimonopoly Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, Yi Shin

    2015-01-01

    The article provides a critical account of the political interests behind the enactment of China’s competition law and argues that, contrary to standard view, the influences of foreign and local stakeholders have been differently incorporated by local lawmakers, which resulted in a distinctive...

  3. Non-governmental religious schools in Europe: institutional opportunities, associational freedoms, and contemporary challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maussen, M.; Bader, V.

    2015-01-01

    The European Convention on Human Rights guarantees freedom of education, including opportunities to create and operate faith-based schools. But as European societies become religiously more diverse and ‘less religious’ at the same time, the role of religious schools increasingly is being contested.

  4. Organ donation in Muslim countries: the case of Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumin, Makmor; Noh, Abdillah; Mohd Satar, Nurulhuda; Chin-Sieng, Chong; Soo-Kun, Lim; Abdullah, Nawi; Kok-Peng, Ng

    2013-12-09

    The aim of this paper is to look into the factors influencing Malaysian Muslims' decision to become deceased organ donors in Malaysia. We approached 900 Malaysian Muslims and 779 participated in our survey, conducted in Kuala Lumpur and its suburb. We examined their willingness to become donors and the willing donors were asked why they did not pledge to become donors. Non-donors were asked why they refuse to become donors. The survey found the main reason for Malaysian Muslims not pledging their organs was due to their lack of information on organ donation and/or their lack of confidence in the government's ability to properly administer organ donation procedures. Another interesting finding is that religion is not a main deterrent to organ donation. The survey suggests that Malaysia can explore many ways to encourage organ donation without having to resort to the highly controversial financial incentive option. A key to Malaysia's success or failure to increase organ donation rate lies in its ability to persuade its Muslim population (its largest population) to donate organs. This can be done by adopting a segmented, focused, and highly localized form of public education and by leveraging on existing networks involving local religious and community leaders as well as government and non-governmental institutions.

  5. As ONGs e a responsabilidade governamental com a escola básica no Brasil The NGOs and governmental responsibility for basic school in Brazil

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    Elie Ghanem

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este texto apresenta alguns dos principais significados que as ONGs assumiram no Brasil, os quais as posicionam diante do desafio do direito à educação. Desafio que abarca, especialmente, a escolarização pública e a definição do campo público e do privado. Nos dois aspectos deste desafio, são descritas as perspectivas seguidas pelas ONGs: a paliativa, a inovadora, a de mudança ou a de pressão política. Em conclusão, afirma que a atuação das ONGs tem vagado com diferentes sentidos, desarticuladamente, no que se refere às condições para realizar a educação como direito: o fortalecimento tanto do Estado quanto da sociedade civil, a interlocução entre estes polos e a influência recíproca entre educação e sistema político.This paper presents some of the NGOs’ main meanings in Brazil that enable them to face the challenge of having the right to education. . This challenge particularly includes public schooling and the definition of public and private sector. In both aspects the following perspectives adopted by the NGOs are described: the palliative perspective, the innovative one, the changing as well as the political pressure perspective. The article concludes that the NGOs’ work has been following different directions, disjointedly, in what concerns the conditions for accomplishing education as a right: strengthening both the State and the civil society, the interlocution between these two poles and the reciprocal influence between education and political system.

  6. Core indicators evaluation of effectiveness of HIV-AIDS preventive-control programmes carried out by nongovernmental organizations. A mixed method study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background The number of nongovernmental organizations working on AIDS has grown. There is great diversity in the type of activities and population groups that have been targeted. The purposes of this study are: to describe and analyze the objectives and HIV-AIDS preventive activities that are carried out by the AIDS-NGOs that work with AIDS in Catalonia and that receive subsidies from the Department of Health; and to develop a comprehensive proposal for measurable and agreed upon core quality evaluation indicators to monitor and assess those objectives and activities that can have an impact on the fight against inequalities and stigmatization, and incorporate the perspectives of the service providers and users. Methods A mixed method study has been carried out with professionals from the 36 NGOs that work with HIV/AIDS in Catalonia, as well as their users. This study achieved the completeness model using the following phases: 1. A systematic review of AIDS-NGOs annual reports and preparation of a catalogue of activities grouped by objectives, level of prevention and AIDS-NGOs target population; 2. A transversal study through an ad-hoc questionnaire administered to the AIDS-NGOs representatives; 3. A qualitative study with a phenomenological approach through focus groups, individual interviews and observations; 4. Consensus meetings between AIDS-NGOs professionals and the research team using Haddon matrices in order to establish a proposal of evaluation indicators. Results The information was classified according to level of prevention and level of intervention. A total of 248 objectives and 258 prevention activities were identified. 1564 evaluation indicators, addressed to 7 target population groups, were produced. Thirty core activities were selected. The evaluation indicators proposed for these activities were: 76 indicators for 15 primary prevention activities, 43 for 5 secondary prevention activities and 68 for 10 tertiary prevention activities. Conclusions

  7. Driving social impact with common global indicators for healthy lifestyle programs: lessons learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Nicole R; Gin, Julia; Kamath-Jha, Shilpa; Infantes, Michel; Hernandez, Ricardo; Alberg-Seberich, Michael; Suri, Devika; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael

    2014-09-01

    Partnerships between corporate entities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) involved in delivering community focused health and well-being programs are becoming increasingly valuable especially in the context of promoting healthy lifestyles around the globe. The Mondelēz International Foundation (MIF) has funded healthy lifestyles community based programs targeting children and youth through partnership with seven global NGOs. To assess collective impact of these programs, it is crucial to identify best practices and common impact indicators that can be measured across programs. MIF therefore organized the Healthy Lifestyles Evaluation Workshop to explore these pertinent questions. Share best practices and identify common impact indicators to measure the success of current and future MIF funded healthy lifestyles programs. Analysis of the Program Impact Pathways (PIPs) and measured output of each of the seven programs. Individual and combined analysis of PIPs of the seven NGO programs led to identification of three critical impact indicators: nutrition knowledge, physical activity, and healthier eating, and also enabled NGOs to identify pathways to improve program delivery among the target population. This workshop enabled MIF and partner NGOs to came together to align on metrics and future engagement approaches for promoting and evaluating community based healthy lifestyles programs.

  8. On Research on International Non-Governmental Organizations in China with the Case of International Association of Lion Club——On the Interpretation and Analysis in Corporatism's Perspective%以国际狮子会为个案研究在华的国际非政府组织——一项基于法团主义视角的解释和分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐传凯; 陈纯

    2008-01-01

    随着中国的改革开放,越来越多的国际非政府组织进入中国.法团主义作为一种理论视角被广泛应用于解析国内非政府组织的兴起与发展问题.通过对第一家合法登陆中国大陆的国际非政府组织--国际狮子会的实地调查研究,发现国际非政府组织与中国政府的关系亦具有法团主义特征.

  9. Field Organization and Disaster Medical Assistance Teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arziman, Ibrahim

    2015-10-01

    Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role. A Disaster Medical Team is a trained, mobile, self-contained, self-sufficient, multidisciplinary medical team that can act in the acute phase of a sudden-onset disaster (48 to 72 hours after its occurrence) to provide medical treatment in the affected area. The medical team can include physicians, nurses, paramedics and EMTS, technicians, personnel to manage logistics, security and others. Various models of Disaster Medical Teams can be observed around the world. There is paucity of evidence based literature regarding DMTs. There is a need for epidemiological studies with rigorous designs and sampling. In this section of the special edition of the journal, field organizations in health management during disasters will be summarized, with emphasis on preparedness and response phases, and disaster medical teams will be discussed.

  10. Making surgical missions a joint operation: NGO experiences of visiting surgical teams and the formal health care system in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Stephanie; Hall-Clifford, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    Each year, thousands of Guatemalans receive non-emergent surgical care from short-term medical missions (STMMs) hosted by local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and staffed by foreign visiting medical teams (VMTs). The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of individuals based in NGOs involved in the coordination of surgical missions to better understand how these missions articulate with the larger Guatemalan health care system. During the summers of 2011 and 2013, in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 representatives from 11 different Guatemalan NGOs with experience with surgical missions. Transcripts were analysed for major themes using an inductive qualitative data analysis process. NGOs made use of the formal health care system but were limited by several factors, including cost, issues of trust and current ministry of health policy. Participants viewed the government health care system as a potential resource and expressed a desire for more collaboration. The current practices of STMMs are not conducive to health system strengthening. The role of STMMs must be defined and widely understood by all stakeholders in order to improve patient safety and effectively utilise health resources. Priority should be placed on aligning the work of VMTs with that of the larger health care system.

  11. Organizational capacity for chronic disease prevention: a survey of Canadian public health organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanusaik, Nancy; O'Loughlin, Jennifer L; Kishchuk, Natalie; Paradis, Gilles; Cameron, Roy

    2010-04-01

    There are no national data on levels of organizational capacity within the Canadian public health system to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Cross-sectional data were collected in a national survey (October 2004 to April 2005) of all 216 national, provincial and regional-level organizations engaged in chronic disease prevention through primary prevention or healthy lifestyle promotion. Levels of organizational capacity (defined as skills and resources to implement chronic disease prevention programmes), potential determinants of organizational capacity and involvement in chronic disease prevention programming were compared in western, central and eastern Canada and across three types of organizations (formal public health organizations, non-governmental organizations and grouped organizations). Forty percent of organizations were located in Central Canada. Approximately 50% were formal public health organizations. Levels of skill and involvement were highest for activities that addressed tobacco control and healthy eating; lowest for stress management, social determinants of health and programme evaluation. The few notable differences in skill levels by provincial grouping favoured Central Canada. Resource adequacy was rated low across the country; but was lowest in eastern Canada and among formal public health organizations. Determinants of organizational capacity (organizational supports and partnerships) were highest in central Canada and among grouped organizations. These data provide an evidence base to identify strengths and gaps in organizational capacity and involvement in chronic disease prevention programming in the organizations that comprise the Canadian public health system.

  12. Violent lives and peaceful schools: NGO constructions of modern childhood and the role of the state

    OpenAIRE

    Wells, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores how children have become a central, if not the central, figure of (international) development, and girls the ideal subject of development. It analyses the role of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in discursively constructing girls this way. In this construction interventions on gender violence are largely reduced to interventions on access to schooling on the assumption that the integration of girls into a par...

  13. The World Health Organization and Global Health Governance: post-1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lidén, J

    2014-02-01

    This article takes a historical perspective on the changing position of WHO in the global health architecture over the past two decades. From the early 1990s a number of weaknesses within the structure and governance of the World Health Organization were becoming apparent, as a rapidly changing post Cold War world placed more complex demands on the international organizations generally, but significantly so in the field of global health. Towards the end of that decade and during the first half of the next, WHO revitalized and played a crucial role in setting global health priorities. However, over the past decade, the organization has to some extent been bypassed for funding, and it lost some of its authority and its ability to set a global health agenda. The reasons for this decline are complex and multifaceted. Some of the main factors include WHO's inability to reform its core structure, the growing influence of non-governmental actors, a lack of coherence in the positions, priorities and funding decisions between the health ministries and the ministries overseeing development assistance in several donor member states, and the lack of strong leadership of the organization.

  14. NGO-provided free HIV treatment and services in Burkina Faso: scarcity, therapeutic rationality and unfair process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridde Valéry

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Until 2010, Burkina Faso was an exception to the international trend of abolishing user fees for antiretroviral treatment (ART. Patients were still expected to pay 1,500F CFA (2 Euros per month for ART. Nevertheless, many non-governmental organizations (NGOs exempted patients from payment. The objective of this study was to investigate how NGOs selected the beneficiaries of payment exemptions for government-provided ART and rationed out complementary medical and psychosocial services. For this qualitative study, we conducted 13 individual interviews and three focus group discussions (n = 13 persons with program staff in nine NGOs (4,000 patients, two NGO coordinating structures and one national program. These encounters were recorded and transcribed, and their content was thematically analyzed. The results were presented to the NGOs for feedback. Results indicate that there are no concrete guidelines for identifying patients warranting payment exemptions. Formerly, ART was scarce in Burkina Faso and the primary criterion for treatment selection was clinical. Our results suggest that this scarcity, mediated by an approach we call sociotherapeutic rationality (i.e. maximization of clinical success, may have led to inequities in the provision of free ART. This approach may be detrimental to assuring equity since the most impoverished lack resources to pay for services that maximize clinical success (e.g. viral load that would increase their chances of being selected for treatment. However, once selected into treatment, attempts were made to ration-out complementary services more equitably. This study demonstrates the risks entailed by medication scarcity, which presents NGOs and health professionals with impossible choices that run counter to the philosophy of equity in access to treatment. Amid growing concerns of an international funding retreat for ART, it is important to learn from the past in order to better manage the potentially

  15. Through tobacco industry eyes: civil society and the FCTC process from Philip Morris and British American Tobacco’s perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Mariaelena; Green, Lawrence W; Glantz, Stanton A

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyse the models Philip Morris (PM) and British American Tobacco (BAT) used internally to understand tobacco control non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and their relationship to the global tobacco control policy-making process that resulted in the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC). Methods Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents in the Legacy Tobacco Document Library. Results PM contracted with Mongoven, Biscoe, and Duchin, Inc. (MBD, a consulting firm specialising in NGO surveillance) as advisors. MBD argued that because NGOs are increasingly linked to epistemic communities, NGOs could insert themselves into the global policy-making process and influence the discourse surrounding the treaty-making process. MBD advised PM to insert itself into the policy-making process, mimicking NGO behaviour. BAT’s Consumer and Regulatory Affairs (CORA) department argued that global regulation emerged from the perception (by NGOs and governments) that the industry could not regulate itself, leading to BAT advocating social alignment and self-regulation to minimise the impact of the FCTC. Most efforts to block or redirect the FCTC failed. Conclusions PM and BAT articulated a global policy-making environment in which NGOs are key, non-state stakeholders, and as a result, internationalised some of their previous national-level strategies. After both companies failed to prevent the FCTC, their strategies began to align. Multinational corporations have continued to successfully employ some of the strategies outlined in this paper at the local and national level while being formally excluded from ongoing FCTC negotiations at the global level. PMID:21636611

  16. Creating a global dialogue on infectious disease surveillance: connecting organizations for regional disease surveillance (CORDS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresham, Louise S; Smolinski, Mark S; Suphanchaimat, Rapeepong; Kimball, Ann Marie; Wibulpolprasert, Suwit

    2013-01-01

    Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS) is an international non-governmental organization focused on information exchange between disease surveillance networks in different areas of the world. By linking regional disease surveillance networks, CORDS builds a trust-based social fabric of experts who share best practices, surveillance tools and strategies, training courses, and innovations. CORDS exemplifies the shifting patterns of international collaboration needed to prevent, detect, and counter all types of biological dangers - not just naturally occurring infectious diseases, but also terrorist threats. Representing a network-of-networks approach, the mission of CORDS is to link regional disease surveillance networks to improve global capacity to respond to infectious diseases. CORDS is an informal governance cooperative with six founding regional disease surveillance networks, with plans to expand; it works in complement and cooperatively with the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and the Food and Animal Organization of the United Nations (FAO). As described in detail elsewhere in this special issue of Emerging Health Threats, each regional network is an alliance of a small number of neighboring countries working across national borders to tackle emerging infectious diseases that require unified regional efforts. Here we describe the history, culture and commitment of CORDS; and the novel and necessary role that CORDS serves in the existing international infectious disease surveillance framework.

  17. Creating a Global Dialogue on Infectious Disease Surveillance: Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise S. Gresham

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS is an international non-governmental organization focused on information exchange between disease surveillance networks in different areas of the world. By linking regional disease surveillance networks, CORDS builds a trust-based social fabric of experts who share best practices, surveillance tools and strategies, training courses, and innovations. CORDS exemplifies the shifting patterns of international collaboration needed to prevent, detect, and counter all types of biological dangers – not just naturally occurring infectious diseases, but also terrorist threats. Representing a network-of-networks approach, the mission of CORDS is to link regional disease surveillance networks to improve global capacity to respond to infectious diseases. CORDS is an informal governance cooperative with six founding regional disease surveillance networks, with plans to expand; it works in complement and cooperatively with the World Health Organization (WHO, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, and the Food and Animal Organization of the United Nations (FAO. As described in detail elsewhere in this special issue of Emerging Health Threats, each regional network is an alliance of a small number of neighboring countries working across national borders to tackle emerging infectious diseases that require unified regional efforts. Here we describe the history, culture and commitment of CORDS; and the novel and necessary role that CORDS serves in the existing international infectious disease surveillance framework.

  18. Principles for a Code of Conduct for the Sustainable Management of Mangrove Ecosystems: A Work in Progress for Public Discussion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas

    The Principles for a Code of Conduct for Sustainable Management of Mangrove Ecosystems is a guide to assist states, local and national non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders to develop cooperatively local codes, laws and/or regulations to protect mangroves and the critical functions...... they serve. Mangroves contribute significantly to local livelihoods, biodiversity conservation, fisheries productivity and coastal protection. But these economic and environmental benefits are only achievable through greater awareness that mangroves must be managed sustainably. The objective is to help bring...... attention to the importance of mangrove ecosystems, particularly to policy makers, to help arrest and reverse their loss. The Principles, being a work in progress, are being discussed in a range of forums that involve representatives from governments, NGOs, multilateral organizations, research institutions...

  19. Integrating Conservation and Development in the Peruvian Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Kilbane Gockel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have critiqued integrated conservation and development projects for failing to attain either of their two major goals. This paper evaluates one such project in Peru's Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, which entailed community-based natural resource-management plans for palm and aquatic resources. We conducted semistructured interviews with reserve inhabitants (n=57 during May 2007, as well as key-informant interviews with state and non-governmental organization (NGO staff. Monitoring data and reports from NGOs were important secondary sources in this study. The intervention has improved the status of targeted species and has improved the well-being of participants. This project worked well for a number of reasons, including the long-term commitment of the implementing organization, the social capital and legitimacy provided by participation in management groups, and the fact that local knowledge was incorporated into resource-management techniques.

  20. The global crisis of malaria: report on a Yale conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Frank M

    2009-03-01

    An international conference, "The Global Crisis of Malaria: Lessons of the Past and Future Prospects," met at Yale University, November 7-9, 2008. The symposium was organized by Professor Frank Snowden and sponsored by the Provost's office, the MacMillan Center, the Program in the History of Science and History of Medicine, and the Section of the History of Medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. It brought together experts on malaria from a variety of disciplines, countries, and experiences--physicians, research scientists, historians of medicine, public health officials, and representatives of several non-governmental organizations (NGOs). An underlying theme was that much could be gained from a big-picture examination across disciplinary frontiers of the contemporary public health problem caused by malaria. Particular features of the conference were its intense scrutiny of historical successes and failures in malaria control and its demonstration of the relevance of history to policy discussions in the field.

  1. 'Fruit of the accords': healthcare reform and civil participation in Highland Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maupin, Jonathan Nathaniel

    2009-04-01

    Governmental-contracting of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) is a central strategy of neoliberal health reforms in Central America. More than improving the equity, efficiency, and quality of health services, contracting presents a potential mechanism to redefine antagonistic relationships between the state and civil society, particularly in countries ravaged by political violence. In this paper I examine the process of heath reform in Guatemala through the implementation of the Sistema Integral de Atención en Salud (SIAS) in the municipality of San Martín Jilotepeque. Mandated in the 1996 Peace Accords, SIAS potentially facilitates decentralization and civil participation through governmental-contracting of NGOs to provide health services to underserved populations. Drawing on ethnographic interviews with NGO representatives, Ministry of Health (MOH) workers, and community health workers and midwives, I examine the contracting process and then address issues of equity, efficiency, and quality of services, as well as the process of decentralization. I argue that contracted NGOs are largely restricted to serve as administrators, removed from the delivery of services, and are heavily dependent upon the traditional MOH structure, which limits the ability of SIAS to improve health services or foster the processes of decentralization and democratization.

  2. Mobilization Potential and Democratization Processes of the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih in Malaysia: An Interview With Hishamuddin Rais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Hooi Khoo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, protests and popular mobilization have become pronounced elements in Malaysian politics. Bersih (clean demonstrations are notably the most outstanding protest events in Malaysian history. Bersih is a group of 89 non-governmental organizations (NGOs pushing for a thorough reform of the electoral process in Malaysia through rallies and demonstrations. Five opposition parties initiated the idea of Bersih in 2005 and included several NGOs in the ‘project’ later on. After the first Bersih street protests in November 2007 (Bersih 1.0, the political parties and the NGOs reached the ‘compromise pact’ that led to the formation of Bersih 2.0 in 2010 as a non-partisan movement free from any political interference. This interview explores the linkages to the broader democratization process in Malaysia from the perspective of Hishamuddin Rais (Isham, a prominent grassroots activist. Isham spent 20 years in political exile after the Baling student protest of 1974. He became active again in 1998 after the ouster of then Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, the current leader of the opposition coalition. Isham was a member of the Bersih Steering Committee for two years until he stepped down in 2012.

  3. Dealing with the state, the market and NGOs : the impact of institutions on the constitution and performance of Community Forest Enterprises (CFE) in the lowlands of Bolivia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benneker, C.E.B.

    2008-01-01

    The overall objective of this research was to determine whether and how the institutional environment influences the establishment and performance of Community Forest Enterprises (CFEs) in Bolivia. This study defines CFEs as organizations that: (1) manage collectively owned forests in name of all

  4. Dealing with the state, the market and NGOs : the impact of institutions on the constitution and performance of Community Forest Enterprises (CFE) in the lowlands of Bolivia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benneker, C.E.B.

    2008-01-01

    The overall objective of this research was to determine whether and how the institutional environment influences the establishment and performance of Community Forest Enterprises (CFEs) in Bolivia. This study defines CFEs as organizations that: (1) manage collectively owned forests in name of all

  5. The Exploration of Protective factors on prevention working children’s substance abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sima Esmaeili Shamirzadi

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundChild labor is one of the challenges among most big cities in the world. In recent years, substance abuse among working, and street children has become a common phenomenon. Thus, in the present study, the protective factors affecting the prevention of substance abuse among Iranian working children were identified by using the social-ecological approach.Materials and MethodsThe participants included Seventeen 8-15-year-old children who were the members of Imam Ali and Ilia non-governmental organizations (NGOs. Semi-structured in-depth interview interviews were used for data collection. Purposive sampling began in December 2015 and continued till data saturation in June 2016. Data were analyzed based on qualitative content-oriented analysis.ResultsDifferent protective factors were identified and classified at five levels of the social-ecological model. Four classes (belief, knowledge, attitude, skill at the personal level, two classes (family and relatives at the interpersonal level, two classes (governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations at the organizational level, the class of living environment at the community level , and two classes (supportive policies and restrictive policies at the public policies level were considered.ConclusionThe protective factors affecting the prevention of substance abuse are related to personal, household, social, organizational, and public policy factors. Thus, personal and social empowerment, social participation and capacity building seem necessary to strengthen the protective factors which play a significant role in the prevention of substance abuse among Iranian working children.

  6. Redes em organizações não-governamentais: estudo de caso do comitê para democratização da informática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Cruvinel Ferreira Ventura

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Just as occurs in the in the entrepreneur world, Non-Governmental OrganizationsNGOs, have developed themselves by following a system of nets and partnerships, boosting the development of the third sector and redefining its space in the interconnected world. Furthermore, these organizations build organizational models of their own in accordance with the new necessities for the accomplishment of their objectives, which are also redefined many times. This paper analyses the organizational model of the Comitee for Informatics Democratization (CDI, trying to understand how it is structured and how it achieved notoriety in the social area. CDI is a Brazilian NGO, which searches for solutions to digital exclusion mainly through a “social franchise” model of its schools located in Brazil and oversees. Learning of technology as a means of gaining access to the work market, along with discussions that bring forth a sense of citizenship, provide destitute communities with digital and social inclusion through a simple organizational model, but of great impact to those communities. A key factor in the replication of CDI model, besides its own legitimate strength, is the combination between non-governmental organizations ideals and the professional management of the organizational network.

  7. Gamification - Environmental and Sustainable Development Organizations Could Do More

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, C. R.; Miller, C. A.; Kilaru, V.; French, R. A.; Costanza, R.; Brookes, A.

    2013-12-01

    The use of digital games to foster sustainable development and environmental goals has grown over the last 10 years. Innovative thinking and the origins of 'serious games,' 'games for change' and 'gamification' are partly rooted in movies and science fiction. Existing games illustrate a spectrum of approaches: for example, World Food Programme's FoodForce and University of Washington's Foldit. Environmental organizations globally (e.g. US EPA) have dabbled with game development and gamification, but have only touched the tip of the iceberg, particularly when compared to the success of the commercial gaming industry. We explore: 1) the intersection of environmental organization mission statements in the context of gamification efforts , 2) some examples of existing games, from simple to complex, 3) business model approaches (e.g. game development partnerships with academia, private industry, NGOs, etc.), 4) barriers, and 5) benefits of a more concerted and technologically-advanced approach to gamification for environmental organizations.

  8. CULTURE AND AFRODESCENDÊNCIA: BLACK ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR STRATEGIES EDUCATION IN PORTO ALEGRE (1872-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Regina Brito Pereira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This research investigates and interprets the construction of educational strategies by afro-descendents implemented by several afro organizations in Porto Alegre, RS, from the end of the XIX century, over the First Republic, the New State and the respective re-democratizing processes until the year 2002. Over this period, the afro organizations had different configurations according to their contexts, their forms of composition and their claims arise from the conditions or from their lack, coming from a broader society. Such organizations, either of religious nature, mutual aid, cultural or, under the current perspective, of non-governmental organizations, comprise a common feature that is translated into the preservation of the identity and into the claims for the establishment of fair survival conditions for the afro-descendents. Due to the absence of documentation of the historical-educational trajectory of the afro population in the official means of divulgation, statistics and in the traditional historiography, this investigation aims at registering this history through specific publications and reports from reference people, what allows recovering the performance profile of these organizations and setting the memory of what respects their constructions and historical and educational claims. Keywords: Afro Organizations – History –– Education of Afro People – Identity -

  9. Portrayal of sustainability principles in the mission statements and on home pages of the world's largest organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnett, Stephen T; Lawes, Michael J; James, Robyn; Bigland, Kristen; Zander, Kerstin K

    2016-04-01

    Conservation can be achieved only if sustainability is embraced as core to organizational cultures. To test the extent to which the related concepts of sustainability, conservation, response to climate change, poverty alleviation, and gender equity have been incorporated into organizational culture, we compared mission statements published from 1990 to 2000 with those published in 2014 for 150 organizations, including conservation nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), aid NGOs, government development agencies, resource extraction companies, and retailers (30 in each category). We also analyzed the 2014 home web pages of each organization. Relative to the earlier period, the frequency with which mission statements mentioned poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and a range of sustainable practices increased only slightly by 2014, particularly among resource extractors and retail companies. Few organizations in any sector had embedded either climate change or gender equity into their mission statements. In addition, the proportional intensity with which any of the aspirations were expressed did not change between periods. For current home pages, conservation NGOs, resource extractors, and government agencies were significantly more likely to acknowledge the importance of matters that were not part of their core business, but few aid agencies or retail companies promoted goals beyond alleviation of crises and profit maximization, respectively. Overall, there has been some progress in recognizing poverty alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and sustainable practices, but gender equity and a determination to reduce impacts on climate change are still rarely promoted as central institutional concerns. Sustainability in general, and biodiversity conservation in particular, will not be achieved unless their importance is more widely apparent in core communication products of organizations.

  10. Professionalizing midwifery: exploring medically imagined labor rooms in rural Rajasthan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Sara

    2014-12-01

    In India, globalized flows of biomedical discourse like evidence-based delivery practices (EBDs) and new technologies are reshaping the field of reproductive health care. As iterations of evidence-based medicine shift, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) increasingly act as distributive agents for biomedical projects that equate modernized health care spaces and provider-care techniques with a marked improvement in the safety of birth outcomes. In this article, I examine how particular local iterations of EBDs are distributed to skilled birth attendants (SBAs) who have become sites for globalized projects aimed at reshaping their professional designation. I draw on data collected through in-depth ethnographic interviews with SBAs practicing in health centers around southern Rajasthan to explore the dynamics and tensions surrounding the professionalization of midwives and the increasing promotion of EBDs in institutional labor rooms.

  11. Environmental Orientation of Small Enterprises: Can Microcredit-Assisted Microenterprises be “Green”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. M. Shahidullah

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to explore, both theoretically and empirically, the ecological impacts of small-scale entrepreneurial ventures in developing countries. To this end, six microenterprises in rural southwestern Bangladesh established using green-microcredit strategies were evaluated in terms of goals, operational procedures, economic viability, social contributions, and impact on local ecological sustainability. This research revealed that the majority of such enterprises are not only sustainable and comply with current ecological standards, but also contribute a considerable number of vital ecosystem services while simultaneously maintaining suitably high profit margins to promise long-term economic viability. These findings indicate that microenterprises given environmental guidance by developmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs—especially NGOs microfinance institutions, NGO-MFIs—have the potential to make significant ecological contributions and address the issue of climate change from the bottom of the social ladder upwards.

  12. Community rights and corporate responsibility : Canadian mining and oil companies in Latin America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    North, L.; Clark, T.D.; Patroni, V. (eds.)

    2006-07-01

    This book presented papers given at a conference on Canadian mining companies in Latin America which was held at York University in 2002. The conference raised awareness about the impact of mining on the ecosystems and communities of Latin America. The conference provided a forum for non governmental organizations (NGOs), social activists, and academics to debate the growth of the mining industry in various Latin American countries. Issues related to international mining and community relations were discussed, and strategies for resolving conflicts between mining companies and communities were examined. The current regulatory environment surrounding mining was reviewed. Issues related to oppression and social resistance were also discussed. The activities of various Canadian mining companies were also discussed, as well as Canadian oil investment in Colombia. Issues related to corporate responsibility were also examined. refs., tabs., figs.

  13. The View From On High

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    High Land Over China Foreign Affairs is a newly published book written by Wang Yizhou, Deputy Director of the Institute of World Economics and Politics, at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The book focuses on China’s progress in pushing forward its diplomatic policies in the past 30 years. It discusses the characteristics of Chinese diplomacy, and the opportunities as well as challenges the country will face as it grows in a changing world. It also provides suggestions on how China can provide more public goods to the world, how to communicate with different non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and how to deal with the new challenges brought by traditional and non-traditional security threats. Recently, Beijing Review reporter Ding Ying discussed the book with the author.

  14. “Behind Closed Doors” Disclosure of Domestic Violence against Women (DVAW by ER Nurses: Argumentative Essay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulqadir J. Nashwan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Some Emergency (ER Nurses may say that Violence Against Women (VAW by a family member should be reported immediately to the police office in order to protect the victim from the perpetrator as a mandatory decision. However, nurses forget the fact that this action will be sometimes against the victim’s autonomy. Opponents of this idea claim that shared decision should be taken hand by hand with the full disclosure to the victim considering the available referral opportunities to the authorized governmental and non- governmental organizations (NGOs.The purpose of this argumentative essay is to discuss two different points of views regarding to the mandatory disclosure of domestic violence against women based on different resources and evidences. On the other hand, Jordanian perspective toward domestic violence against women also was described within the legal and cultural context.

  15. The struggle to address woman battering in Slovakia: stories from service providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Susan L; Wasileski, Gabriela

    2015-06-01

    Following the fall of communism, Slovakia found itself in a challenging position: to openly acknowledge the existence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its disproportionate effect on women and children without an infrastructure to address victim safety, and provide resources and legal help. With collaboration with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the government responded by developing shelters and introducing legislation that criminalized IPV and created social services for victims. To assess implementation efforts, we conducted in-depth interviews with governmental officials and NGO personnel who provide services for battered women. We focus on the operation and efficacy of shelters to discover what services are most needed for battered women, the criminal justice system's response to IPV, and what long-range goals will facilitate more permanent solutions to the social problem of violence against women in Slovakia.

  16. Does Social Labelling Encourage Child Schooling and Discourage Child Labour in Nepal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarty, Sayan; Grote, Ulrike; Luchters, Guido

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the determinants of child labour vis-a-vis child schooling. It further examines the influence of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) which are engaged in social labelling, on the incidence of child labour and schooling trade-off. The empirical results show that the probability of child schooling increases as well as child…

  17. Partnership for corporate social responsibility : A review of concepts and strategic options

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijhof, A.H.J.; Bruijn, de Th.; Honders, H.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise the extent to which partnerships with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are a necessity for successful efforts of businesses in the area of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Design/methodology/approach — The main findings are based on an analysi

  18. Small NGO Schools in India: Implications for Access and Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    In addition to the proliferation of private, fee-paying schools in India, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) play an important role in providing educational services, especially in un-served and under-served communities. This paper uses qualitative research to critically examine the nature and potential of NGO provision of primary schooling in…

  19. IOB Review - Riding the wave of sustainable commodity sourcing. Review of the Sustainable Trade Initiative IDH 2008-2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Omta, S.W.F.; Elzakker, van B.; Schoenmakers, W.W.M.E.

    2014-01-01

    The Sustainable Trade Initiative IDH (Initiatief Duurzame Handel) was set up in 2008 as a multi-stakeholder initiative of private companies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), trade unions and the Dutch government with the aim of improving smallholder production systems, market integration and

  20. Civil society participation in urban sanitation and solid waste management in Uganda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukahirwa, J.; Mol, A.P.J.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    The inability of local governments to provide basic environmental services in African urban centres often results in the involvement of other actors in urban sanitation and solid waste provisioning, such as non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community-based organisations (CBOs) and private compa

  1. Testing Educational System Typologies Using Colombian Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parra, Carlos M.; Yano, Masakazu

    2005-01-01

    International Lending Institutions (ILIs) and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) continuously design and implement Educational System Typologies (ESTs) in order to evaluate a nation's educational performance in terms of quality of life improvements; Traditional ESTs are therefore constantly put at odds by the advent of new ESTs. This study aims…

  2. Partnerships for corporate social responsability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruijn, de T.J.N.M. (Theo)

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise the extent to which partnerships with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are a necessity for successful efforts of businesses in the area of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The main findings are based on an analysis of existing literature on NG

  3. The co-construction of NGO accountability: aligning imposed and felt accountability in NGO-funder accountability relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Dwyer, B.; Boomsma, R.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to deepen and advance the understanding of the construction of accountability within the relationship between government funders and development non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Design/methodology/approach - The paper presents a case study examining the p

  4. Social determinants for health (mental: evaluating a non-governmental experience from the perspective of actors involved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lucia Magalhães Bosi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The Brazilian Psychiatric Reform, an ongoing process, and its developments involve the construction of new ways of seeing the subject in illness, establishing the mental health field in a new way of understanding the social determinants that reflect in the deinstitutionalization and social inclusion. OBJECTIVE: This study, multidimensional analysis of the relationship between social determinants and deinstitutionalization in mental health focusing on a community movement in Northeast Brazil, whose proposed work is subjective and psychosocial dimensions, aims to explore and analyze how the experiences in course of the Movement highlights the importance of social determinants, the perspective of professionals. METHODS: The methodological approach outlined in the qualitative approach in the form of case studies, employing techniques such as interviews and focus groups. The categorization of analytical information was built from the relationship established between a model based on the constituent dimensions of the psychiatric reform, covering different planes, namely epistemological, healthcare, legal and socio-political, and social determinants of health - living conditions, and work environment, community networks and support, economic, cultural and environmental behaviors and lifestyles. RESULTS: The results show emphasis on the social subject, making the processing and knowledge of professionals, adding new ways to produce health; dialogue with multiple stakeholders, building autonomy, participative management, concern for professionalization; reorganizing the work process; appreciation of the everyday activities that weave and; invention of a new social site, among other elements in close interface with the determinants of health. CONCLUSION: These elements indicate that care practices woven into the daily life of the Movement involve the disassembling the traditional model of mental health care, stimulating new forms of citizenship, thus contributing to the institutionalization and promoting equality of income, social cohesion and participation policy for the promotion and protection of health.

  5. On Their Own and in Their Own Words: Bolivian Adolescent Girls' Empowerment through Non-Governmental Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervais, Christine

    2011-01-01

    In recognition of the profound benefits of children's engagement with their rights, this article presents an experiential account of how Bolivian adolescent indigenous girls discover, articulate, experience, and advocate human rights. This study explores adolescent girls' demonstrations of empowerment, agency, resistance, and solidarity as part of…

  6. On Their Own and in Their Own Words: Bolivian Adolescent Girls' Empowerment through Non-Governmental Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervais, Christine

    2011-01-01

    In recognition of the profound benefits of children's engagement with their rights, this article presents an experiential account of how Bolivian adolescent indigenous girls discover, articulate, experience, and advocate human rights. This study explores adolescent girls' demonstrations of empowerment, agency, resistance, and solidarity as part of…

  7. Marketing strategies for non-governmental universities%民办高校营销策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵婷婷

    2011-01-01

    当前我国的民办高校取得了一定发展,但仍然存在不少问题,文章从营销的视角出发,分析了民办高校所处的市场环境,明确了民办高校存在的问题,着重探讨了4P营销策略在民办高校中的应用.

  8. Diaspora diplomacy – about a new dimension of diplomacy, the example of a New Emigration non-governmental organisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martyna Tomiczek

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the migration movement, which tends to be oriented towards Great Britain, reached its climax at the moment when Poland became a fully-fledged member of the European Union. Years following Poland’s accession have witnessed an enormous outbreak of Polish exodus – leaving their own country they were trying to find a new place abroad. Among the plurality of motives, we could point to such as: hope for a better life and improving personal material situation, a more interesting life in a multinational society and becoming a “world man”, necessity and curiosity. Results were also much more complicated than anyone could ever imagine. The causes and effects of the Polish exodus constituted an inescapable subject of analysis and research. The Polish migration movement can be considered in many aspects. This unique phenomenon has its economic, political, social and psychosocial dimensions – each of them is worth profound analysis. Within each of the previously mentioned dimensions a researcher would find singularly important and specific phenomena regarding the migration movement – phenomena which are at the very core of the lives of migrants’ succeeding generations. Undoubtedly, one of the dimensions of the New Polish Emigration analysis could be referred to public diplomacy strategy. This thesis will be the main framework of this paper

  9. Non-Governmental Organizacions and Rural Libraries%民间组织与乡村图书馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑞芬

    2008-01-01

    回顾乡村图书馆的发展历程,以知识分子为主体的民间组织一直参与其中,已成为这个舞台上极为活跃的重要力量.民间组织参与乡村图书馆建设的模式各不相同,但也存在着一些共性的问题亟待解决,如身份模糊、宣传不足、管理松散等等.然而,要探索出一条民间组织参与乡村图书馆建设的有效途径,需要更好地挖掘、整合公益资源,积极有序地与政府合作,对于自身的正确定位和多方面的努力与付出.

  10. Resource mobilization for health advocacy: Afro-Brazilian religious organizations and HIV prevention and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Jonathan; Parker, Richard G

    2011-06-01

    Brazil's national response to AIDS has been tied to the ability to mobilize resources from the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and a variety of donor agencies. The combination of favorable political economic opportunities and the bottom-up demands from civil society make Brazil a particularly interesting case. Despite the stabilization of the AIDS epidemic within the general Brazilian population, it continues to grow in pockets of poverty, especially among women and blacks. We use resource mobilization theories to examine the role of Afro-Brazilian religious organizations in reaching these marginalized populations. From December 2006 through November 2008, we conducted ethnographic research, including participant observation and oral histories with religious leaders (N = 18), officials from the National AIDS Program (N = 12), public health workers from Rio de Janeiro (N = 5), and non-governmental organization (NGO) activists who have worked with Afro-Brazilian religions (N = 5). The mobilization of resources from international donors, political opportunities (i.e., decentralization of the National AIDS Program), and cultural framings enabled local Afro-Brazilian religious groups to forge a national network. On the micro-level, in Rio de Janeiro, we observed how macro-level structures led to the proliferation of capacity-building and peer educator projects among these religious groups. We found that beyond funding assistance, the interrelation of religious ideologies, leadership, and networks linked to HIV can affect mobilization.

  11. Did we do good? NGOs, conflicts of interest and the evaluation of short-term medical missions in Sololá, Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Nicole S

    2014-11-01

    This article focuses on current trends in scholarly literature concerning the evaluation of short-term medical missions. The paucity of information on short-term medical missions in general has contributed to the lack of sufficient frameworks for evaluating them. While examples in the scholarly literature are sparse, in those rare cases where missions are evaluated, they tend to (1) produce their own criteria for evaluation, and (2) evaluate themselves based on metrics that emphasize their perceptions of accomplishments. I draw on interviews (n=31) as well as participant-observation regarding medical missions, to critique these trends. The data analyzed derive from an on-going ethnographic study began in Sololá, Guatemala in 1999, which since 2011 has been directly focused on short-term medical missions. More specifically, my data suggest potential conflict of interest inherent to both volunteering and hosting a short-term medical mission. NGO hosts, who maintain long-term residence in Sololá, may differ from short-term volunteers in both how they understand volunteer obligations as well what they consider helpful volunteer activity. These same organizations may remain financially tied to volunteer labour, limiting their own perceptions of what missions can or should do. I argue that these conflicts of interest have created an evaluation environment where critical questions are not asked. Unless these hard questions are addressed, short-term medical mission providers cannot be certain that their own activities are consonant with the moral imperatives that purportedly drive this particular humanitarian effort. This study demonstrates how ethnographic methods can be instrumental in attempts to evaluate humanitarian endeavours.

  12. NEW SKILL DEVELOPMENT POLICY ‘SKILL INDIA’ -POSSIBILITY AND ISSUES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yukiko Hashimoto

    2017-01-01

    In India, the new skill development policy has started and expectations from stakeholders including multi-national companies, non-governmental organizations, and people who suffer from unemployment...

  13. Exploring the Role of Ad Hoc Grassroots Organizations Providing Humanitarian Aid on Lesvos, Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitching, George Tjensvoll; J Haavik, Hanne; Tandstad, Birgit J; Zaman, Muhammad; Darj, Elisabeth

    2016-11-17

    Syrian refugees displaced into Turkey have attempted high-risk sea migrations to reach safer destinations in Europe, most often initially arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos. These refugees were often in need of basic humanitarian assistance that has been provided in part by a new category of ad hoc grassroots organizations (AHGOs). The aim of this study was to understand the internal and external operations of these AHGOs and their role on Lesvos. The experiences of AHGOs were investigated through a qualitative research design utilizing semi-structured interviews with organization leaders and spokespersons. AHGOs identified through media and social media sources as new Lesvos-specific organizations were purposively invited to complete an interview over phone, Skype or email. Data analysis of the transcribed interviews was performed by Systematic Text Condensation. Forty-one organizations were contacted and 13 interviews were conducted. Most organizations were formed in autumn 2015 responding to the greater influx of refugees and migrants at that time and reported an absence of professional humanitarian agencies providing aid on Lesvos. Three categories emerged from the material. Features of organizations; Features of volunteers and; Evolution of AHGOs. The organizations perceived themselves capable of evaluating needs, mobilizing resources, funding and providing quick response. The volunteers came with limited humanitarian experience and from a wide variety of nationalities and professional backgrounds, and the organizations developed while on Lesvos. Knowledge from our findings of AHGOs response to this complex disaster on Lesvos could be utilized in future catastrophes. We conclude that AHGOs may prove effective at providing humanitarian aid in a surge response when international non-governmental organizations are unable to respond quickly. In future complex disasters AHGOs should be recognized as new humanitarian actors and conditions should be made

  14. Exploring the Role of Ad Hoc Grassroots Organizations Providing Humanitarian Aid on Lesvos, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitching, George Tjensvoll; J. Haavik, Hanne; Tandstad, Birgit J.; Zaman, Muhammad; Darj, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Syrian refugees displaced into Turkey have attempted high-risk sea migrations to reach safer destinations in Europe, most often initially arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos. These refugees were often in need of basic humanitarian assistance that has been provided in part by a new category of ad hoc grassroots organizations (AHGOs). The aim of this study was to understand the internal and external operations of these AHGOs and their role on Lesvos. Methods: The experiences of AHGOs were investigated through a qualitative research design utilizing semi-structured interviews with organization leaders and spokespersons. AHGOs identified through media and social media sources as new Lesvos-specific organizations were purposively invited to complete an interview over phone, Skype or email. Data analysis of the transcribed interviews was performed by Systematic Text Condensation. Results: Forty-one organizations were contacted and 13 interviews were conducted. Most organizations were formed in autumn 2015 responding to the greater influx of refugees and migrants at that time and reported an absence of professional humanitarian agencies providing aid on Lesvos. Three categories emerged from the material. Features of organizations; Features of volunteers and; Evolution of AHGOs. The organizations perceived themselves capable of evaluating needs, mobilizing resources, funding and providing quick response. The volunteers came with limited humanitarian experience and from a wide variety of nationalities and professional backgrounds, and the organizations developed while on Lesvos. Discussion: Knowledge from our findings of AHGOs response to this complex disaster on Lesvos could be utilized in future catastrophes. We conclude that AHGOs may prove effective at providing humanitarian aid in a surge response when international non-governmental organizations are unable to respond quickly. In future complex disasters AHGOs should be recognized as new humanitarian

  15. Environmental NGOs Participate in Chinese Inshore Pollution and Control%中国近海污染防治中的环境非政府组织参与

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜地忠

    2012-01-01

      Presently, the Chinese inshore pollution is very serious.In order to control the inshore pollution, the Environmental NGOs participation is very necessary.It not only can supervise the enterise pollution discharge,but also can supervise the government responsing for the control inshore pollution.In addition, it can promote the people’s consciousness of environmental procection, mobilize the social power participation in control inshore pollution, collect money for control inshore pollution, and push the coastal government establishing the inter-regional cooperation mechanism in control inshore pollution.%  当前中国近海污染形势十分严峻。在近海污染防治中,环境非政府组织的参与十分必要。它不仅能够协助政府监督沿海工业企业的排污,而且还能够以其超越“地方主义”和“GDP 主义”的优势监督沿海地方政府切实担负起防治职责。此外,在提高公众环保意识,动员社会力量参与防治;促成沿海地方政府在防治中的跨区域合作;筹集防治资金;以及利用专业知识协助政府开展防治等方面它都能够发挥重要的作用。

  16. Sources of Social Capital for Malawi People Living With HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally H. Rankin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available With one of the highest rates of poverty and HIV in the world, Malawi faith-based organizations (FBOs, non-governmental organizations (NGOs, and community-based organizations (CBOs are expected to provide tangible and emotional support to people living with HIV (PLWH. Using Lin’s social capital theoretical approach, we examine the perspective of PLWH regarding the adequacy of support responses. Forty-six rural Malawi HIV+ adults provided interviews that were recorded digitally, translated, and transcribed by Malawi research assistants. Atlas.ti was used to organize the data and to aid in the analytic process. Participants expressed disappointment in the lack of resources that could be accessed through the FBOs although their expectations may have been unrealistic. Outcomes from accessing and mobilizing the FBO network were negative in terms of stigmatization by FBO leaders and members, whereas outcomes related to CBOs and NGOs were generally positive in terms of empowerment through HIV information and attendance at support groups.

  17. Sources of Social Capital for Malawi People Living With HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally H. Rankin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available With one of the highest rates of poverty and HIV in the world, Malawi faith-based organizations (FBOs, non-governmental organizations (NGOs, and community-based organizations (CBOs are expected to provide tangible and emotional support to people living with HIV (PLWH. Using Lin’s social capital theoretical approach, we examine the perspective of PLWH regarding the adequacy of support responses. Forty-six rural Malawi HIV+ adults provided interviews that were recorded digitally, translated, and transcribed by Malawi research assistants. Atlas.ti was used to organize the data and to aid in the analytic process. Participants expressed disappointment in the lack of resources that could be accessed through the FBOs although their expectations may have been unrealistic. Outcomes from accessing and mobilizing the FBO network were negative in terms of stigmatization by FBO leaders and members, whereas outcomes related to CBOs and NGOs were generally positive in terms of empowerment through HIV information and attendance at support groups.

  18. Organizational development in Ethiopia: Factors affecting organizations’ implementation of feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Falconer

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations (NGOs receiving organizational development assistance funded and facilitated by a third party frequently receive recommendations designed to improve their overall functioning. Research suggests that tailored in-person communication of recommendations results in increased implementation of recommendations. This study assessed whether the method and frequency of communication from an outside organization influenced Ethiopian NGOs’ ability to implement organizational development recommendations. A secondary study goal was to identify additional factors that facilitated or inhibited implementation of recommendations. Twenty two NGOs were surveyed about the amount, type, and timing of communication; their perception of the value of communication in implementing recommendations; barriers to implementation; and strategies used to overcome barriers to implementation. The frequency and level of personalization of communication was not consistently associated with organizational implementation of recommendations. Receiving communication was significantly associated with an organization’s motivation (mean = 4.5 ± 0.6, understanding (mean = 4.2 ± 0.6, and ability (mean = 3.9 ± 0.6 to implement recommendations (p value = 0.02. Respondents reported that external factors, including funding; staff time, expertise, and training; information systems; leadership; and government regulations on nonprofit administrative spending, strongly influenced their ability to implement recommendations.

  19. Sustainability and scale-up of household water treatment and safe storage practices: Enablers and barriers to effective implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojomo, Edema; Elliott, Mark; Goodyear, Lorelei; Forson, Michael; Bartram, Jamie

    2015-11-01

    Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) provides a solution, when employed correctly and consistently, for managing water safety at home. However, despite years of promotion by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), governments and others, boiling is the only method to achieve scale. Many HWTS programs have reported strong initial uptake and use that then decreases over time. This study maps out enablers and barriers to sustaining and scaling up HWTS practices. Interviews were carried out with 79 practitioners who had experience with HWTS programs in over 25 countries. A total of 47 enablers and barriers important to sustaining and scaling up HWTS practices were identified. These were grouped into six domains: user guidance on HWTS products; resource availability; standards, certification and regulations; integration and collaboration; user preferences; and market strategies. Collectively, the six domains cover the major aspects of moving products from development to the consumers. It is important that each domain is considered in all programs that aim to sustain and scale-up HWTS practices. Our findings can assist governments, NGOs, and other organizations involved in HWTS to approach programs more effectively and efficiently. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.

  20. The Mumbai experience in building field level partnerships for DOTS implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangan, S; Ambe, G; Borremans, N; Zallocco, D; Porter, J

    2003-01-01

    In February 1999, the Revised National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (RNTCP) was implemented in the city of Mumbai after a pilot phase of 5 years. The city has a population of more than 12 million people and an estimated annual TB incidence of 21,000 cases, 8000 of these being infectious. This paper describes a partnership between the TB programme and a Non Governmental Organization (NGO), which began with a methodological analysis of the problems faced by the programme to help identify other key organizations, who might usefully be involved. The work focussed on "networking" to ensure the optimum use of existing resources. The problems encountered affected all levels of TB control from access to drug supply and treatment. The major issues related to an inadequate public health infrastructure resulting in poor technical and administrative support to field staff. There was confusion over roles of the health personnel in the TB programme and the public health facility, as well as poor technical performance. Partnerships were found to be useful in addressing the following areas: (1) the implementation of an external quality assurance scheme for sputum microscopy through involvement of microbiologists from large hospitals and research organizations; (2) training and capacity strengthening of programme and public health facility staff through innovative training and team building exercises organized by the programme, NGOs and the private sector; (3) development of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) material through partnerships with NGOs, and (4) the involvement of local NGOs and private doctors to increase case finding and to improve access to direct observation of treatment (DOT). The paper discusses the lessons learnt in this process and identifies some of the key issues in urban TB control, for consideration by policy makers.

  1. International Organizations as Producers of Development Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Daneri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available International organizations can be considered as providers of “development goods”, which contribute to the process of development of recipient countries. This phenomenon gives birth to a particular market, with its own characteristics, which is very similar to an oligopoly due to the high requirements needed for the birth of an international organization. This paper will analyze the characteristics of this particular market, where goods are financed by developed countries and consumed by emerging countries. Given these peculiar characteristics, this market is characterized by several particular features, the mainly being a suboptimal level of finance, given that only a part of the public opinion in developed countries is concerned about the economics of emerging countries. In addition to this phenomena, it must be added that several actors are involved, being them individuals, ministries, NGOs, private companies, so that everybody tend to benefit by the intermediation of the resources. It should be highlighted that, for the time being, it is very difficult to modify the characteristics of this market, which tends to have stable and self-perpetuating features.

  2. How to calculate the annual costs of NGO-implemented programmes to support orphans and vulnerable children: a six-step approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Bruce A; Wambua, Nancy

    2011-12-19

    Information on the costs of implementing programmes designed to provide support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere is increasingly being requested by donors for programme evaluation purposes. To date, little information exists to document the costs and structure of costs of OVC programmes as actually implemented "on the ground" by local non-governmental organizations (NGOs). This analysis provides a practical, six-step approach that NGOs can incorporate into routine operations to evaluate their costs of implementing their OVC programmes annually. This approach is applied to the Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) Program implemented by BIDII (a Kenyan NGO) in Eastern Province of Kenya. The costing methodology involves the following six steps: accessing and organizing the NGO's annual financial report into logical sub-categories; reorganizing the sub-categories into input cost categories to create a financial cost profile; estimating the annual equivalent payment for programme equipment; documenting donations to the NGO for programme implementation; including a portion of NGO organizational costs not attributed to specific programmes; and including the results of Steps 3-5 into an expanded cost profile. Detailed results are provided for the CBCO programme. This paper shows through a concrete example how NGOs implementing OVC programmes (and other public health programmes) can organize themselves for data collection and documentation prospectively during the implementation of their OVC programmes so that costing analyses become routine practice to inform programme implementation rather than a painful and flawed retrospective activity. Such information is required if the costs and outcomes achieved by OVC programmes will ever be clearly documented and compared across OVC programmes and other types of programmes (prevention, treatment, etc.).

  3. Organization within Organization Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopdrup-Hjorth, Thomas

    This paper explores how prevalent contemporary problematizations of organizations coincide with a widespread assessment that Organization Studies (OS) has run out of steam. This impasse, the paper argues, is largely due to the emergence of an organization-phobia that has come to seize several...... strands of theorizing. By attending to the wide-ranging and far-reaching history of this organization-phobia, the paper argues that OS has become increasingly incapable of speaking about its core object. I show how organizations went from being conceptualized as entities of major importance to becoming...

  4. Transgranichnoe sotrudnichestvo nepravitel'stvennyh organizacij v Pomorskom i Varmin'sko-Mazurskom voevodstvah [Cross-border cooperation between nongovernmental organisations in the Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian voivodeships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomulka Christina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the issues of cross-border cooperation carried out by agents resident in the Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian voivodeships. Among such agents there are non-governmental organizations. This article aims to identify the role of NGOs in cross-border cooperation and the predominant fields of their cooperation, as well as to assess their activity in attracting funding from European budgets. The article widely applies the results of surveys of NGOs conducted by the author, compares the results of performance reports submitted by these organisations within international projects, and offers the data presented in relevant publications (Euroregion Baltic documents and Phare CBC reports, Interreg IIIA and, Interreg IIIB, NMF, and Polish-Swiss Cooperation reports, as well as the data of the Central Department of Statistics. The research covers the period from the late 90s to 2012. The article highlights the difficulties agents face in forging and implementing cross-border cooperation, resulting from the mismatching definitions of the tertiary sector in Poland’s neighbour states.

  5. PENGARUH SOSIALISASI GENDER TERHADAP PEMBENTUKAN POLA PIKIR PEREMPUAN ACEH (Studi Kasus di Banda Aceh dan Aceh Besar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miskahuddin Miskahuddin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Discourse on gender is not depleted as discussed and studied scientifically until now. Debate in academic circles about gender are already accustomed discussed and no longer be something foreign. Even today there are efforts to encourage all of the activities and programs should be concerned with aspects of gender equality. Development of previously unknown information about only the consumption of the current academic has penetrated up to the village level, and unknown to many people , both lay and the learned knowledge. This occurs because of the reality of gender socialization undertaken by various parties, including government agencies through the empowerment of women and children , as well as by non-governmental organizations ( local and international NGOs . Many people received information about the gender , clearly establish its own thinking paradigm for women in Aceh . To see about women thinking about gender Aceh after getting the socialization of NGOs , the research was conducted.Keywords : Influence , Socialization , Gender

  6. Can the BestGrid Process Improve Stakeholder Involvement in Electricity Transmission Projects?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadejda Komendantova

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The European Union has set ambitious targets for deployment of renewable energy sources to reach goals of climate change mitigation and energy security policies. However, the current state of electricity transmission infrastructure is a major bottleneck for further scaling up of renewable energy in the EU. Several thousands of kilometers of new lines have to be constructed and upgraded to accommodate growing volumes of intermittent renewable electricity. In many countries, construction of electricity transmission projects has been delayed for several years due to concerns of local stakeholders. The innovative BESTGRID approach, reported here, brings together transmission system operators (TSOs and non-governmental organizations (NGOs to discuss and understand the nature of stakeholder concerns. This paper has three objectives: (1 to understand stakeholder concerns about the deployment of electricity transmission grids in four pilot projects according to five guiding principles: need, transparency, engagement, environment, and impacts on human health as well as benefits; (2 to understand how these principles can be addressed to provide a basis for better decision-making outcomes; and (3 to evaluate the BESTGRID process based on feedback received from stakeholders and the level of participation achieved according to the ladder of Arnstein. This paper goes beyond a discussion of “measures to mitigate opposition” to understand how dialogue between TSOs and the public—represented mainly by NGOs and policy-makers—might lead to a better decision-making process and more sustainable electricity transmission infrastructure deployment.

  7. Microbiological effectiveness of locally produced ceramic filters for drinking water treatment in Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Joe; Sobsey, Mark D

    2010-03-01

    Low-cost options for the treatment of drinking water at the household level are being explored by the Cambodian government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in Cambodia, where many lack access to improved drinking water sources and diarrhoeal diseases are the most prevalent cause of death in children under 5 years of age. The ceramic water purifier (CWP), a locally produced, low-cost ceramic filter, is now being implemented by several NGOs, and an estimated 100,000+households in the country now use them for drinking water treatment. Two candidate filters were tested for the reduction of bacterial and viral surrogates for waterborne pathogens using representative Cambodian drinking water sources (rainwater and surface water) spiked with Escherichia coli and bacteriophage MS2. Results indicate that filters were capable of reducing key microbes in the laboratory with mean reductions of E. coli of approximately 99% and mean reduction of bacteriophages of 90-99% over >600 litres throughput. Increased effectiveness was not observed in filters with an AgNO3 amendment. At under US$10 per filter, locally produced ceramic filters may be a promising option for drinking water treatment and safe storage at the household level.

  8. Government-NGO collaboration and sustainability of orphans and vulnerable children projects in southern Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Alana; Hartwig, Kari; Merson, Michael

    2008-02-01

    Given current donor attention to orphans and children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS, and the need for a new framework that recognizes the complementary roles of nations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), this analysis reviews NGO-operated community-based orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) projects in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. There has been a lack of attention within the field of evaluation to inter-organizational relationships, specifically those with government agencies, as a factor in sustainability. We analyzed evaluations of nine OVC projects funded by the Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation for the influence of government-NGO collaboration on project sustainability. For eight of the nine projects, evaluations provided evidence of the importance of the government partnership for sustainability. Government collaboration was important in projects designed to help families access government grants, initiate community-based solutions, and advocate for OVC rights through legislation. Government partnerships were also critical to the sustainability of two projects involved in placing children in foster care, but these showed signs of tension with government partners. In addition to the more common factors associated with sustainability, such as organizational characteristics, donors and NGOs should concentrate on developing strong partnerships with local and national government agencies for the sustainability of their projects.

  9. Providing safe drinking water to 1.2 billion unserved people

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gadgil, Ashok J.; Derby, Elisabeth A.

    2003-06-01

    Despite substantial advances in the past 100 years in public health, technology and medicine, 20% of the world population, mostly comprised of the poor population segments in developing countries (DCs), still does not have access to safe drinking water. To reach the United Nations (UN) Millennium Goal of halving the number of people without access to safe water by 2015, the global community will need to provide an additional one billion urban residents and 600 million rural residents with safe water within the next twelve years. This paper examines current water treatment measures and implementation methods for delivery of safe drinking water, and offers suggestions for making progress towards the goal of providing a timely and equitable solution for safe water provision. For water treatment, based on the serious limitations of boiling water and chlorination, we suggest an approach based on filtration coupled with ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, combined with public education. Additionally, owing to the capacity limitations for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to take on this task primarily on their own, we suggest a strategy based on financially sustainable models that include the private sector as well as NGOs.

  10. The third-party regulation on food safety in China:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Man; QIAO Hui; WANG Xu; PU Ming-zhe; YU Zhi-jun; ZHENG Feng-tian

    2015-01-01

    Stakeholders in the ifeld of food safety management in China can be classiifed into three categories, government, food producers (farmers and enterprises), and the third-party regulatory bodies. The third-party regulation has experienced rapid development in past twenty years, and recently received considerable attention from consumers and the central government. This paper provides a review about the development, problems and future trend of the third-party regulation on food safety in China. To be speciifc, ifve forms of the third-party regulation are assessed, including media exposure, the third-party certiifcation, regulation by consumer associations, social movements promoted by non-governmental organiza-tions (NGOs), and regulation by industry associations. The study concludes that media and consumer associations are the major players in the third-party regulation and are highly repudiated among customers. The food certiifcation industry has developed rapidly, but is now facing crises of conifdence among consumers because of its lack of self-regulation. NGOs and industry associations stil remain in the early development stages of food safety management, and therefore, are of little importance in current regulatory bodies.

  11. Common and conflicting interests in the engagements between conservation organizations and corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, John G

    2012-12-01

    The conservation community increasingly views the corporate sector as a positive force for conservation. Collaborations between corporations and nongovernmental conservation organizations (NGOs) seek to mitigate the negative effects of corporate activities and augment positive conservation outcomes. I reviewed the establishment of corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies by corporations; the emerging focus on environmental practices and sustainability; and the history of engagement between corporations and nongovernmental organizations. I considered the ethical and reputation vulnerabilities of these collaborations, which depend especially on the financial nature of the relationship and reviewed how CSR approaches have influenced corporate practices. I concluded that whereas CSR practices can act to mitigate negative environmental impact, to date they have had limited positive effect on biodiversity conservation.

  12. Knowledge Organization = Information Organization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    Are the terms ―information organization‖ (IO), ―organization of information‖ (OI) and ―information architecture‖ (IA) synonyms for knowledge organization (KO)? This study uses bibliometric methods, among others, to determine some relations between these terms and their meanings. Apparently the data...

  13. Knowledge Organization = Information Organization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    Are the terms ―information organization‖ (IO), ―organization of information‖ (OI) and ―information architecture‖ (IA) synonyms for knowledge organization (KO)? This study uses bibliometric methods, among others, to determine some relations between these terms and their meanings. Apparently the data...

  14. Governance, organization, accountability and sustainability of a region-wide school-based deworming program in Loreto, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferruci, Hugo Rodriguez; Razuri, H; Casapia, M; Rahme, E; Silva, H; Ault, S; Blouin, B; Mofid, L S; Montresor, A; Gyorkos, T W

    2016-07-01

    Chau Cuica was the name given by the regional government of Loreto in Peru for its school-based deworming program which was initiated in 2012 with a donation of mebendazole from an international non-governmental organization. Embedded in the program from the start was a sentinel surveillance component which consisted of 16 sentinel schools representing Loreto's seven provinces. Coverage rates varied between 35% and 61% over the first two years of the program (and seven deworming cycles). Initial prevalences of soil-transmitted helminth infections were high, with 82.4% of schoolchildren having at least one infection and prevalences of both Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infections both exceeding 60%. After two years, these prevalences had dropped to 56% for any STH infection, 38% for A. lumbricoides and 34% for T. trichiura. Importantly, the proportions of children with moderate and heavy infections also dropped. Both the regional Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education were jointly charged to implement this deworming program. The program's costs were estimated to be approximately 22 cents (USD) per child per deworming cycle. The responsibility for the surveillance component was initially undertaken by research partners from a local NGO and a Canadian university, which transferred gradually over the course of the deworming program to being entirely the responsibility of the Ministry of Health. This regional deworming program may serve as a model for other jurisdictions that are planning a school-based deworming program with an integrated surveillance component to monitor impact.

  15. Institutional Levels of Analysis and the Evolution of Russia-EU Relations: Some Theoretical and Practical Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Romanova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The level of analysis concept is an excellent tool for studying the evolution of international relations. This article focuses on the institutional approach of three levels of interaction: the intergovernmental level (IGL describes traditional contacts among heads of states or governments as well as among ministers; the transgovernmental level (TGL consists of relations among civil servants of middle and low rank; and the transnational level (TNL includes the dialogue of non-governmental participants such as business, non-governmental organizations (NGOs and epistemic communities. Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye identified TGL and TNL, but the studies of these levels has intensified as a result of burgeoning links among civil servants, business, NGOs and experts from different countries. Transgovernmental and transnational interactions stabilize relations among various actors. This article clarifies the stabilizing potential of TGL and TNL interactions. First, the degree of autonomy of civil servants from the political level of government has to be taken into account. Second, the state regulates the level of independence of both business and NGOs. TGL and TNL interactions can stabilize relations only if civil servants are independent from the political level in what concerns technical issues and where both business and civil society are strong. Third, real economic interdependence matters because it forms an agenda of cooperation in a particular field. The intensification of trade and investment flows does not automatically lead to real interdependence. In this case, contacts at the transgovernmental and transnational levels acquire a formal character and no cooperation emerges, which does not allow for stabilized relations in crisis situations at the IGL. The empirical section of the article demonstrates how widening and deepening relations between the European Union and Russia, especially since 2000, led to thickening transgovernmental and

  16. Liberal political philosophy: the role of non-state actors and considerations of global justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gordon, G.; Pierik, R.; Reinalda, B.

    2011-01-01

    Liberal theories of political philosophy inform the practice and tradition of non-state actors and non-governmental organizations (together, ‘non-governmental actors’). Aspirations for global justice or a democratic peace, among other things, arise out of liberal thought from John Locke and Immanuel

  17. THE DEVELOPMENT AND ROLE OF WFAS IN THE WORLD ACUPUNCTURE ACTIVITIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FanLingling; MaYing

    2000-01-01

    World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS), established in China in 1987, is the first non-governmental international academic union with its headquarters in Beijing,and also the international non-governmental organization admitted into official relations with

  18. PERENCANAAN PARTISIPASI LOKAL: PENGALAMAN ADVOKASI PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING LSM DI YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poerwanti Hadi Pratiwi

    2013-04-01

    the interests of society, the preparation of the Budget Revenue and Expenditure (Budget is not sufficient for formal institutions of the executive and legislative elements only. Local community groups and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs / NGOs should participate in the preparation of the budget to make it more accountable, or in other words more suitable to the interests of the community.

  19. Changing the Ecology of Climate Communication in Your Organization (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambliss, L.; Lewenstein, B.

    2013-12-01

    After decades of frustration, scientists have an exciting opportunity to provide the research-based insights necessary for us all to foster a more sustainable future. Yet, individual scientists and researchers are more effective in their communication and public engagement to the extent their organization supports and facilitates such outreach. This presentation will offer strategies for enhancing multi-disciplinary organizational capabilities in climate change communication and public engagement that go beyond the traditional force-feeding of information and data to a largely unreceptive public. Two essential components of a healthy ecology of climate communication at the organizational level are 1) a multi-disciplinary approach and 2) direct engagement with external audiences and stakeholders so that information is flowing in multiple directions. The traditional flow of fact-based information- from scientist through organization/institution to the public - is rarely effective. We will discuss a New York state-focused, research-based effort that is a workable model for how scientists can engage local and state agencies, corporations, NGOs, business leaders, and other actors. In this case, researches collaborated with diverse stakeholders to create a suite of community events, products and online tools with science-based information carefully crafted and targeted to avoid politicization. This effort facilitated education and planning for community, agricultural and business planners who are making decisions now with 20-to 50-year time frames. As an example of a responsive information flow, a community conference 'Climate Smart and Climate Ready' targeted to local and regional planners included sessions on grief and fear, in addition to assessments of regional impact by sector, after input from stakeholders indicated a strong need to blend science delivery with acknowledgment of the emotional field. We will also examine successful ways science-based organizations

  20. A desk review on institutional and non-institutional organizations active in the field of migrant's health in the WHO European Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingrosso, Loredana; Schmidt, Tanja; Sherally, Jamila; Dembech, Matteo; Barragan Montes, Sara; Sa Machado, Rita; Annunziata, Giuseppe; Rezza, Giovanni; Severoni, Santino

    2015-01-01

    Migrants have problematic access to health-care; non-institutional organizations (NGOs), as well as institutional bodies may play a role in facilitating their access to mainstream health care. Our research reviews actions that address the need of migrants in terms of health care in order to understand how, where, and who participates in this effort. Data were from desk or web research, declaration from organisations and their websites, information from WHO Country Offices. 154 NGOs were identified in the WHO European Region. 58% were direct health care providers while the remaining provided either mediation services or were part of a network organization. 173 national institutes (GOVs) were found; less than the 20% were directly or indirectly involved in health care, whereas the majority were involved in research, policy development, international relations and human rights. Some gaps, a certain fragmentation and lack of coordination were identified. WHO can play an overarching role in the exchange of expertise and harmonisation of the efforts in this field.

  1. Organ Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organ donation takes healthy organs and tissues from one person for transplantation into another. Experts say that the organs ... and bone marrow Cornea Most organ and tissue donations occur after the donor has died. But some ...

  2. Victims, civil society and transitional justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humphrey Michael

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of victim organizations in the transitional justice process is examined in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. These organizations emerged in the context of the top-down accountability agenda driven by the international crisis intervention in the Balkan wars and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY. By contrast, in Latin America victim organizations emerged as a self-conscious movements of individuals galvanized by their traumatic experience of state repression and demanding accountability from the bottom-up. In BiH accountability became a condition for re-establishing state political and legal authority but also international financing for reconstruction and progress towards EU accession. Victim organizations were part of the NGO sector which grew rapidly in response to the neoliberal governance model of selforganizing civil society to transform post-socialist and postwar BiH. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs, run largely by professional middle class displaced from careers in the downsized state bureaucracy, became intermediaries between external donors and war affected populations. Victim organizations participated in the transitional justice process by supporting victims/witnesses in international and national prosecutions, tracing the missing persons and supporting the right of return of displaced populations. In BiH, victims’ organizations did not emerge as social movements advocating for citizenship and social justice, but became incorporated in the neoliberal governance model, sponsored by international agendas for stabilization, democratization and EU accession.

  3. Viewpoint of animal welfare organisations on the long distance transportation of farm animals

    OpenAIRE

    Leah Garcés; Victoria Cussen; Hugh Wirth

    2008-01-01

    The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) describes the viewpoint of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) involved in the welfare of farm animals undergoing long distance transportation. The guiding principle is that the potential for poor animal welfare increases with the distance and duration of travel. Thus, farm animals should be slaughtered as close to their farm of origin as possible and trade in live animals for slaughter should be replaced with a trade in meat only. The ...

  4. People Make Concerted Efforts to Build a Harmonious Asia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao; Tao

    2015-01-01

    A speech at the Round Table Conference for NGOs Helping Build Asian Community of Destiny,the First Annual Conference of the CICA Non-governmental ForumAsia is the place of"Oriental Sunrise",but also the region with the most dynamic and potential in the world,and China is the Asia’s most dynamic economy.Last year,the economic growth of the Asian emerging markets was more than doubled the world

  5. Research on Quality Rating of Commercial Housing under Non-Government Organization%非政府组织下商品房质量评级研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪夏明; 徐定一; 万亚辉; 覃谢

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes the problems in our country's commercial housing quality rating:the reliability of the enterprise rating and fair degree is questionable,government supervision is lack,the participation of non-governmental organizations in the scope and depth lag obviously. Based on the advanced experience of foreign commercial housing quality rating,puts forward the specific implementation suggestions,including the choice of rating subject,setting the quality rating index,the division of quality levels,choosing the appropriate rating tools,and the setting of the quality rating system to run the program,in order to promote our country commercial housing quality and quality evaluation work to carry out smoothly.%分析国内商品房质量评级存在的评级的可靠性和公平程度有待商榷、政府监管力度不足、非政府组织参与的范围和深度明显滞后等问题,借鉴国外商品房质量评级的经验,从评级主体的确定、质量评级指标设置、质量级别的划分、质量评级系统运行程序等方面提出推动我国商品房质量评价工作的改进建议。

  6. Organ Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lung Kidney Pancreas Kidney/Pancreas Liver Intestine Organ Facts Here you can find valuable information about organs ... Camps for kids Contacting my donor family Data Facts about living donation Financing a transplant Matching organs ...

  7. On the rural women's organization construction from the perspective of gender harmony%性别和谐视域下农村妇女组织建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何志魁

    2011-01-01

    Gender harmony is a very important concept in the domain of gender relationship and also the important content of the new countryside construction and harmonious society of our socialism.We need establish and perfect the pluralistic women's organization system with women's congress as the leading part and the other non-governmental women's organizations and civilian women's bodies as the assistant part so as to eliminate sexual discrimination and realize the equal standing and the equal rights between the male and the female.%性别和谐是人类两性关系世界中十分重要的学术概念,也是我国社会主义新农村建设与和谐社会构建的重要内容。消除性别歧视、落实农村男女两性的平等地位和发展权利,需要健全和完善以妇代会为主导,其它非政府妇女组织和民间妇女信仰团体为辅助的多元化妇女组织体系。

  8. Organization of marine phenology data in support of planning and conservation in ocean and coastal ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Kathryn A.; Fornwall, Mark D.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Griffis, R.B.

    2014-01-01

    Among the many effects of climate change is its influence on the phenology of biota. In marine and coastal ecosystems, phenological shifts have been documented for multiple life forms; however, biological data related to marine species' phenology remain difficult to access and is under-used. We conducted an assessment of potential sources of biological data for marine species and their availability for use in phenological analyses and assessments. Our evaluations showed that data potentially related to understanding marine species' phenology are available through online resources of governmental, academic, and non-governmental organizations, but appropriate datasets are often difficult to discover and access, presenting opportunities for scientific infrastructure improvement. The developing Federal Marine Data Architecture when fully implemented will improve data flow and standardization for marine data within major federal repositories and provide an archival repository for collaborating academic and public data contributors. Another opportunity, largely untapped, is the engagement of citizen scientists in standardized collection of marine phenology data and contribution of these data to established data flows. Use of metadata with marine phenology related keywords could improve discovery and access to appropriate datasets. When data originators choose to self-publish, publication of research datasets with a digital object identifier, linked to metadata, will also improve subsequent discovery and access. Phenological changes in the marine environment will affect human economics, food systems, and recreation. No one source of data will be sufficient to understand these changes. The collective attention of marine data collectors is needed—whether with an agency, an educational institution, or a citizen scientist group—toward adopting the data management processes and standards needed to ensure availability of sufficient and useable marine data to understand

  9. Perpetual conservation easements and landowners: evaluating easement knowledge, satisfaction and partner organization relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroman, Dianne A; Kreuter, Urs P

    2014-12-15

    Conservation easements are being more widely used to facilitate permanent land conservation. While landowners who initially place a conservation easement on their land are generally highly motivated to protect the conservation values of their land, changes in landownership may hinder long-term active landowner support for these easements. Maintaining such support is critical for ensuring their effectiveness as a conservation tool. Our research reports on results from a mail survey sent to landowners in Texas who own property encumbered with perpetual conservation easements. They were asked about their level of satisfaction concerning their conservation easement and the relationship with their easement holder. Additionally, landowners were asked how well they remembered and understood the terms of their conservation easement. We also examined institutional aspects of easement holding organizations and variables associated with landownership that affected these attitudes. Among institutional factors, frequency of contact between landowners and easement holders and the category of agency (federal, state and local or non-governmental agency) were significant in determining level of satisfaction with the easement and perceived relationship with the easement holder. Landowner factors affecting these same issues included easement grantor or successive generation landowner, gender and motivations driving landownership. We did not find any significant variables related to landowners' knowledge about their easement. Management implications from this study suggest that easement holders should increase staff capacity capable of providing targeted landowner technical assistance and outreach beyond compliance monitoring. Additionally, landownership motivations should be considered by easement holders when deciding whether to accept an easement. Finally, expressed dissatisfaction with federal governmental easement holding institutions should be explored further.

  10. Gerakan Sosial Intelektual Muslim Organik dalam Transformasi Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Afandi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Antonio Gramsci’s idea of organic intellectuals that dedicate their life to improve social life has been actually inherited within Indonesian Muslim intellectuals. The main characteristic of them is not conceptualizing and publishing their own interest in the context of academic field, but expressing and advocating social aims. This article attempts to capture Indonesian organic intellectual movement was fashioned from the era of HOS Cokroaminoto in colonial era until the existence of Non-Governmental Organization (NGO in the present time. The history of Indonesia has witnessed that such movement has actively promoted social purposes and aspirations. Although, in its progress, organic intellectual movement is always challenged by the regime (policy oriented studies, it always comes with its own academic-emancipatory explanation for social problems. After Reformation Era, the goal of this movement focuses on advocating society against global capitalism which is expressed in—for example—World Trade Organization (WTC and Multi-National Corporation (MNC. Another finding of this paper is that there are many NGOs in Indonesia based on Islamic values although their activists do not work on the name of Islam. The reason behind this view is that because all Muslim activists work on religious normative exercise social, economic, political, cultural, environment problems.

  11. Electronic Information Sources Access and Use for Healthcare Services in Governmental and Non-Governmental Hospitals of Western Oromia, Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel, Senait; Bayissa, Getachew; Asaminewu, Selam; Alaro, Tesfamichael

    2016-07-01

    Access to and use of electronic information sources for clinical decision is the key to the attainment of health related sustainable goals. Therefore, this study was to assess Electronic Information Sources (EIS) access and use for healthcare service among hospitals of Western Oromia, Ethiopia, 2013. A descriptive study design with quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was employed. Study subjects were selected by using simple random sampling technique. Quantitative data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Moreover, multiple logistic regression was fitted to identify independent predictors, and qualitative data were transcribed and analyzed thematically. A total of 590 health professionals were participated in the study with response rate of 95%. Forty-two percent of health professionals had used Electronic Information Sources (EIS). Out of them, more than half used to get latest health information. About three-fourth of health professionals had no formal training on how to use EIS. Moreover, there is a significant association between use of electronic information source and information literacy training, computer literacy level, access to internet connection and access to computers. In this study, it was determined that more than half of health professionals in the study area were not using EIS. Information literacy training, self-stated computer literacy level, access to internet connection and access to computers with in hospitals were found to be statistically significant factors affecting use of EIS.

  12. 阿中友好关系中的民间外交%Non-governmental Diplomacy in Arab-Chinese Friendly Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    加法尔·卡拉尔·艾哈迈德

    2008-01-01

    本文旨在探寻中国和阿拉伯民族民间外交的古代历史源头,并进一步探讨中国和阿拉伯民间外交关系在现当代的形成与发展,主要解答以下几个问题:中国和阿拉伯历史上民间外交先驱所付出的努力是否为双方外交关系的建立起了铺路奠基的作用?民间外交工作的本质及其开展形式如何?双方民间外交的现状怎样,如何拓展民间外交在当今社会的发展空间?在建立阿中双方全面、富有成效的战略伙伴关系过程中,民间外交能发挥多大的作用?本文还对如何进一步开展阿中民间外交提出了一些建议.

  13. Reducing Insecurity in Africa: Roles and Responsibilities of the U.S. Military, U.S. Government and Non-Governmental Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Participants and Objectives In this panel Diana B. Putman , United States Africa Command, presented on implementing quasi-developmental programs in...was Diana Putman , a senior USAID official who had headed the Humanitarian Assistance branch at AFRICOM for several years (following her assignment at...AFRICOM, Putman became the head of USAID in the DRC). Putman argued that while many of AFRICOM’s programs have been successful, there remain many

  14. Non-governmental Law:a Sociological Perspective of Law%民间法:一种法的社会学视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪丽; 桂梁

    2004-01-01

    民间法,如同法律文化一样,还无一致而确定的含义,其理论与实践意义也还未清晰.从法社会学角度看,其最直接的理论意义在于为法学提供了一种新的视角或方法,扩展了法学的视野,丰富了作为法学研究对象的法的内涵.

  15. A Shift in the Paradigm of Violence: Non-Governmental Terrorism in Latin America since the End of the Cold War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Feldmann

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available While non-state terrorism has grown substantially in many parts of the world since the mid 1990s, in Latin America, the insurgent continent par excellence, where radical non-state actors at both ends of the political spectrum have historically resorted to terror to attain political goals, this scourge has dwindled. Drawing on the seminal work of Timothy Wickham-Crowley, this article posits that this baffling trend can be explained as a result of a shift in the cultural repertoires of Latin American revolutionary and other anti-systemic groups in the 1990s. The traumatic experiences associated with authoritarian backlash and repression; a more pragmatic attitude that values democracy, accommodation, and dialogue as political strategies; and the rejection by vast sectors of the population of wanton violence as a tool to attain political objectives have subtracted terror from the range of activities (stock of collective action of former and new radical groups. Groups fighting for change have thus internalized that terror ultimately constitutes an ineffectual and de-legitimized strategy. Colombia constitutes the exception to this regional trend. There, it is argued, terror is widely used as and informed by the perverse logic of armed conflict, whereby armed parties deliberately target civilians to advance military and political objectives.Desde mediados de los años noventa el terrorismo no-gubernamental ha aumentado de forma significativa en muchas regiones del mundo. En América Latina, sin embargo, un área donde históricamente grupos radicales de izquierda y derecha recurrieron a prácticas terroristas para conseguir sus objetivos políticos, el terrorismo como fenómeno ha disminuido notablemente. Basado en el influyente trabajo de Timothy Wickham-Crowley, este artículo sostiene que la disminución del uso del terror en América Latina corresponde a un cambio en los "repertorios culturales" de grupos revolucionarios y otros grupos anti-sistémicos. El trabajo arguye que este cambio deriva de tres factores: las traumáticas experiencias derivadas de la represión brutal de la que fueron objeto muchos de estos grupos, un creciente pragmatismo y la valoración del juego democrático; y el rechazo por parte de la gran mayoría de la población en la región del uso de la violencia como método político. En este sentido, los grupos que bregan por promover cambios sociales han internalizado que el terror constituye una estrategia contraproducente e ilegítima. El artículo sostiene que Colombia constituye una excepción a esta tendencia. En el caso colombiano, se argumenta, el terror deriva de la lógica perversa del conflicto armado, donde los actores deliberadamente victimizan a los civiles para alcanzar objetivos militares y políticos a través del terror.

  16. Searching for Sexual Revolutions in India: Non-Governmental Organisation-Designed Sex Education Programmes as a Means towards Gender Equality and Sexual Empowerment in New Delhi, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabler, Mette

    2012-01-01

    At the foundation of most inequalities in expression of sexuality lie social constructions of gender. In this paper, sex education is considered as a possibility to challenge sexism and promote healthy and self-affirmative sex lives. In the past decade, the discourse of sex education in India has become a "battle of morality" where concerned…

  17. Environment and security in the South China Sea region : the role of experts, non-governmental actors and governments in regime building processes

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Background: The Spratly islands in the South China Sea are today the focal point of a territorial dispute that represents a serious threat to the regional security in Southeast Asia. Six governments - China, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei - have laid claims to all or some of the more than 230 islets, reefs and shoals in the Spratly area. The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a key player in the South China Sea conflict. However, the South China Sea is not jus...

  18. The role of leadership in regional climate change adaptation: a comparison of adaptation practices initiated by governmental and non-governmental actors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijerink, S.V.; Stiller, S.J.; Carina, E.; Keskitalo, K; Scholten, P.; Smits, R; Lamoen, F van

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to better understand the role of leadership in regional climate change adaptation. We first present a framework, which distinguishes five functions of leadership within inter-organizational networks: the connective, enabling, adaptive, political–administrative and dissemination funct

  19. 31 CFR 500.572 - Humanitarian projects authorized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Licenses... any other organization engaged in voluntary charitable assistance activities that receives funding..., private foundations and research institutions. (b) The non-governmental organization carrying...

  20. World port cities as cosmopolitan risk community

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Tschötschel, Robin

    2015-01-01

    are shaped and circulated, we argue, within transnational assemblages of local government networks, international organizations, multinational insurance companies and transnational non-governmental organizations. Adopting the methodology of mapping urban climate experiments, we then document one policy...

  1. Innovation in Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li

    2012-01-01

    More than two decades ago,Zhang Kun,a 65-year-old businessman and former teacher in Dongguan City,Guangdong Province,embarked on a philanthropic journey to help poor children.In 1988,Zhang came across a letter from a poor student seeking financial help to finish her education.He helped the writer and then paid dozens of visits to schools in remote rural areas to find more children in need.Over time,his philanthropic mission attracted a group of like-minded donors.Together,they have supported around 4,000 students over the past 23 years.However,Zhang has had difficulty getting approval for his charitable organization from the local government.Five times in the past seven years,he tried to register with the civil affairs department of the local government,but his applications were rejected each time.According to the Regulation on Registration and Administration of Social Organizations,which became effective in 1998,non-governmental organizations (NGOs) must find a government department or agency to be their supervisory body before they can be legally registered.Zhang had not been able to find a supervisory body.In July 2011,Minister of Civil Affairs Li Liguo announced at a meeting that independent nonprofit organizations in the fields of charity,social welfare and social services would be allowed to register directly with civil affairs departments,without first finding a supervisory body.

  2. Exposure limits for nanoparticles: report of an international workshop on nano reference values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Broekhuizen, Pieter; van Veelen, Wim; Streekstra, Willem-Henk; Schulte, Paul; Reijnders, Lucas

    2012-07-01

    This article summarizes the outcome of the discussions at the international workshop on nano reference values (NRVs), which was organized by the Dutch trade unions and employers' organizations and hosted by the Social Economic Council in The Hague in September 2011. It reflects the discussions of 80 international participants representing small- and medium-size enterprises (SMEs), large companies, trade unions, governmental authorities, research institutions, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from many European countries, USA, India, and Brazil. Issues that were discussed concerned the usefulness and acceptability of precaution-based NRVs as a substitute for health-based occupational exposure limits (OELs) and derived no-effect levels (DNELs) for manufactured nanoparticles (NPs). Topics concerned the metrics for measuring NPs, the combined exposure to manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) and process-generated NPs, the use of the precautionary principle, the lack of information about the presence of nanomaterials, and the appropriateness of soft regulation for exposure control. The workshop concluded that the NRV, as an 8-h time-weighted average, is a comprehensible and useful instrument for risk management of professional use of MNMs with a dispersible character. The question remains whether NRVs, as advised for risk management by the Dutch employers' organization and trade unions, should be under soft regulation or that a more binding regulation is preferable.

  3. Increasing mental health capacity in a post-conflict country through effective professional volunteer partnerships: a series of case studies with government agencies, local NGOs and the diaspora community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tribe, Rachel; Weerasinghe, Dilanthi; Parameswaran, Shanthy

    2014-10-01

    The focus of this paper is on working in partnership with local practitioners and communities to strengthen local capacity building in the area of mental health and well-being in Sri Lanka. This paper will examine the context, organizing concepts, organizational processes, and the development of good working relationships and partnership building behind this work. Our involvement was based on requests which came to the authors as a result of their previous work in Sri Lanka over several decades. This work had been undertaken on behalf of the UK-Sri Lanka Trauma Group (UKSLTG), a UK-based charity which was set up in 1994, and of which the authors are founding members ( www.uksrilankatrauma.org.uk ). In the first section of the paper, contextual issues will be discussed. The second section of the paper provides details of the training undertaken on mental health promotion among young people in Sri Lanka for the Directorate of Mental Health. The third section of the paper reviews work undertaken with a major psycho-social/mental health organization on issues relating to writing and implementing an ethical code for mental health practitioners and briefly discusses some of the dilemmas associated with this.

  4. Introducing a model of cardiovascular prevention in Nairobi's slums by integrating a public health and private-sector approach: the SCALE-UP study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven van de Vijver

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD is a leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA, with annual deaths expected to increase to 2 million by 2030. Currently, most national health systems in SSA are not adequately prepared for this epidemic. This is especially so in slum settlements where access to formal healthcare and resources is limited. Objective: To develop and introduce a model of cardiovascular prevention in the slums of Nairobi by integrating public health and private sector approaches. Study design: Two non-profit organizations that conduct public health research, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development (AIGHD and African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC, collaborated with private-sector Boston Consulting Group (BCG to develop a service delivery package for CVD prevention in slum settings. A theoretic model was designed based on the integration of public and private sector approaches with the focus on costs and feasibility. Results: The final model includes components that aim to improve community awareness, a home-based screening service, patient and provider incentives to seek and deliver treatment specifically for hypertension, and adherence support. The expected outcomes projected by this model could prove potentially cost effective and affordable (1 USD/person/year. The model is currently being implemented in a Nairobi slum and is closely followed by key stakeholders in Kenya including the Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization (WHO, and leading non-governmental organizations (NGOs. Conclusion: Through the collaboration of public health and private sectors, a theoretically cost-effective model was developed for the prevention of CVD and is currently being implemented in the slums of Nairobi. If results are in line with the theoretical projections and first impressions on the ground, scale-up of the service delivery package could be planned in other poor urban areas in Kenya by

  5. Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development 2002/2003; an independent publication from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stokke, Olav Schram; Thommessen, Oeystein B.

    2002-07-01

    cohesiveness being disrupted. This analytic part is followed by sections on agreements on environment and development, intergovernmental organizations and international non-governmental organizations.

  6. Yielding impressive results. The Egyptian experience in family planning communication campaign has been an exemplary model for many developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wafai, M

    1994-09-01

    In Egypt the current use of family planning methods nearly doubled from 1980 to 1992. The toughest obstacles to the promotion of family planning are the deeply rooted pronatalism, the high rate of illiteracy, and low use of print media. The early efforts of the 1960s through the 1970s helped raise people's awareness of the problem, but traditional attitudes to family planning persisted. The Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Center established in 1979 in the State Information Service (SIS) of the Ministry of Information spearheaded the IEC efforts for family planning throughout the country. The Egyptian Contraceptives Prevalence Survey conducted in 1984 showed that the current use of family planning methods had increased 6.1% from the 1980 level, and that 56% of married women wished to stop having children, but were afraid of side effects of contraceptive use. The SIS/IEC Center launched a creative mass media campaign using TV spots and dramas. It also pioneered community-based public communication activities on population and family planning by organizing population communication forums. The local communication work is implemented by each of the 60 regional offices of SIS. Other government agencies, such as Health Insurance Organization, also launched IEC campaigns promoting their own services. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as the Family of the Future and the Clinical Service Improvement Project also engaged in social marketing of contraceptives. The use of family planning methods mounted between 1980 and 1992 from 24% to nearly 48%, and the method of choice shifted from the pill to the IUD. The country's crude birth rate declined steadily from 40 per 1000 population in 1985 down to 29/1000 in 1992. The six major factors for success included an innovative communication program, religious support, political commitment, an improved service delivery system, involvement of NGOs, and the economic influence. The Egyptian experience in family

  7. Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Shroff

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO was passed in India in 1994 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. Broadly, the act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishable offence. With the acceptance of brain death, it became possible to not only undertake kidney transplantations but also start other solid organ transplants like liver, heart, lungs, and pancreas. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported in the Indian media. In most instances, the implementation of the law has been flawed and more often than once its provisions have been abused. Parallel to the living related and unrelated donation program, the deceased donation program has slowly evolved in a few states. In approximately one-third of all liver transplants, the organs have come from the deceased donor program as have all the hearts and pancreas transplants. In these states, a few hospitals along with committed NGOs have kept the momentum of the deceased donor program. The MOHAN Foundation (NGO based in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh has facilitated 400 of the 1,300 deceased organ transplants performed in the country over the last 14 years. To overcome organ shortage, developed countries are re-looking at the ethics of unrelated programs and there seems to be a move towards making this an acceptable legal alternative. The supply of deceased donors in these countries has peaked and there has been no further increase over the last few years. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05 to 0.08 per million population. We need to find a solution on how we can utilize the potentially large pool of trauma-related brain deaths for organ donation. This year in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Government has passed seven special orders. These orders are expected to streamline the activity of deceased donors and help increase their numbers. Recently, on

  8. Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shroff, Sunil

    2009-07-01

    The legislation called the Transplantation of Human Organ Act (THO) was passed in India in 1994 to streamline organ donation and transplantation activities. Broadly, the act accepted brain death as a form of death and made the sale of organs a punishable offence. With the acceptance of brain death, it became possible to not only undertake kidney transplantations but also start other solid organ transplants like liver, heart, lungs, and pancreas. Despite the THO legislation, organ commerce and kidney scandals are regularly reported in the Indian media. In most instances, the implementation of the law has been flawed and more often than once its provisions have been abused. Parallel to the living related and unrelated donation program, the deceased donation program has slowly evolved in a few states. In approximately one-third of all liver transplants, the organs have come from the deceased donor program as have all the hearts and pancreas transplants. In these states, a few hospitals along with committed NGOs have kept the momentum of the deceased donor program. The MOHAN Foundation (NGO based in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh) has facilitated 400 of the 1,300 deceased organ transplants performed in the country over the last 14 years. To overcome organ shortage, developed countries are re-looking at the ethics of unrelated programs and there seems to be a move towards making this an acceptable legal alternative. The supply of deceased donors in these countries has peaked and there has been no further increase over the last few years. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05 to 0.08 per million population. We need to find a solution on how we can utilize the potentially large pool of trauma-related brain deaths for organ donation. This year in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Government has passed seven special orders. These orders are expected to streamline the activity of deceased donors and help increase their numbers. Recently, on July 30, 2008, the

  9. Designing Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Book Description The design of organizations has been an ongoing concern of management theory and practice over the past several decades. Over this time, there has been little change in the fundamental theory, principles and concepts of Organization Design (OD). Recently organizational life has...... is a benchmark publication in the field of organization design. By focusing on recent developments in organization design, this book will help to create more thoughtful research and stronger empirical analyses in this important area of management and organization........ The individual chapters are organized into five sections: (1) Putting Contingency Theory in its Place, (2) Focus on Individuals who make up the Organization, (3) Innovation Processes and Organization Design, (4) Adaptation and Technology, and (5) Design for Performance. Each chapter examines aspects of the books...

  10. Transnational Organizing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lasse Folke; Seabrooke, Leonard

    2016-01-01

    should be treated and governed by organizations. Using network and career sequences methods, we provide a case of transnational organizing through professionals who attempt issue control and network management on transnational environmental sustainability certification. The article questions how...

  11. Organic chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-08-15

    This book with sixteen chapter explains organic chemistry on linkage isomerism such as alkane, cycloalkane, alkene, aromatic compounds, stereo selective isomerization, aromatic compounds, stereo selective isomerization, organic compounds, stereo selective isomerization, organic halogen compound, alcohol, ether, aldehyde and ketone, carboxylic acid, dicarboxylic acid, fat and detergent, amino, carbohydrate, amino acid and protein, nucleotide and nucleic acid and spectroscopy, a polymer and medical chemistry. Each chapter has introduction structure and characteristic and using of organic chemistry.

  12. Activist Research Practice: Exploring Research and Knowledge Production for Social Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aziz Choudry

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Research is a major aspect and fundamental component of many social struggles and movements for change. Understanding social movement networks as significant sites of knowledge production, this article situates and discusses processes and practice of activist research produced outside of academia in these milieus in the broader context of the ‘knowledge-practice’ of social movements. In dialogue with scholarly literature on activist research, it draws from the author’s work as an activist researcher, and a current study of small activist research non-governmental organizations (NGOs with examples from movement research on transnational corporate power and resistance to capitalist globalization.. It explicates research processes arising from, and embedded in, relationships and dialogue with other activists and organizations that develop through collaboration in formal and informal networks; it contends that building relationships is central to effective activist research practice. In addition to examining how activist researchers practice, understand and validate their research, this paper also shows how this knowledge is constructed, disseminated and mobilized as a tool for effective social action/organizing.

  13. Sustainable Organic Farming For Environmental Health A Social Development Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ijun Rijwan Susanto

    2015-05-01

    the vision mission and activities that will be undertaken are arranged with a broader circle of involved including organic farmers organic entrepreneurs non-governmental organizations as well as colleges b Regional ASEAN integration 2015 and International Agenda at the regional ASEAN and the international level in addition to doing the lobbying marketing also need to do the work of advocacy. Purpose is to make the existing policy it could benefit small farmers not otherwise become barriers to global trade as well as new bilateral.

  14. CCAGM: A Key Role in Domestic Merchandise Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ China Commerce Association for General Mechdisean (CCAGM) is sanctioned by Ministry of Civil Affairs of China. It is a Non-Governmental Organization with independent legal person quality under the leadingship of Stateowned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council and Ministry of Commerce. It is engaged in the circulations, production and service of the daily consumptive goods.It is a non-profit and non-governmental organization voluntarily organized by enterprises and individuals.

  15. Municipal solid waste management in Africa: strategies and livelihoods in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrot, Laurent; Sotamenou, Joel; Dia, Bernadette Kamgnia

    2009-02-01

    This paper provides an overview of the state of municipal solid waste (MSW) management in the capital of Cameroon, Yaoundé, and suggests some possible solutions for its improvement. The institutional, financial, and physical aspects of MSW management, as well as the livelihoods of the population, were analyzed. Our study revealed that distances and lack of infrastructure have a major impact on waste collection. Garbage bins are systematically mentioned as the primary infrastructure needed by the population in all quarters, whether it be a high or low standard community. The construction of transfer stations and the installation of garbage bins are suggested as a solution to reduce distances between households and garbage bins, thus improving waste collection vehicle accessibility. Transfer stations and garbage bins would enable the official waste collection company to expand its range of services and significantly improve waste collection rates. Several transfer stations have already been set up by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs), but they require technical, institutional and funding support. Research is needed on the quality and safety of community-made compost, as well as on soil fertility in urban and peri-urban areas. Most of the stakeholders, municipalities, the official waste collection company and households acknowledge the need for better monitoring and regulation of MSW management. The urban community of Yaoundé also needs to maintain its support of MSW management and promote the sustainability of NGOs and CBOs operating in underserved areas not yet covered by adequate infrastructures. A major opportunity for implementation of such waste policy is the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) program dedicated to urban planning and good governance.

  16. Utilizing NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) Data to Determine Ideal Planting Locations for Wetland Tree Species in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reahard, Ross; Arguelles, Maria; Strong, Emma; Ewing, Michael; Kelly, Chelsey

    2012-01-01

    St. Bernard Parish, in southeast Louisiana, is rapidly losing coastal forests and wetlands due to a combination of natural and anthropogenic disturbances (e.g. subsidence, saltwater intrusion, low sedimentation, nutrient deficiency, herbivory, canal dredging, levee construction, spread of invasive species, etc.). After Hurricane Katrina severely impacted the area in 2005, multiple Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have worked not only on rebuilding destroyed dwellings, but on rebuilding the ecosystems that once protected the citizens of St. Bernard Parish. Volunteer groups, NGOs, and government entities often work separately and independently of each other and use different sets of information to choose the best planting sites for coastal forests. Using NASA EOS, NRCS soil surveys, and ancillary road and canal data in conjunction with ground truthing, the team created maps of optimal planting sites for several species of wetland trees to aid in unifying these organizations, who share a common goal, under one plan. The methodology for this project created a comprehensive Geographic Information System (GIS) to help identify suitable planting sites in St. Bernard Parish. This included supplementing existing elevation data using LIDAR data and classifying existing land cover in the study area from ASTER multispectral satellite data. Low altitude AVIRIS hyperspectral imagery was used to assess the health of vegetation over an area near the intersection of the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet Canal (MRGO) and Bayou la Loutre. Historic extent of coastal forests was mapped using aerial photos from USGS collected between 1952 and 1956. The final products demonstrated the utility of combining NASA EOS with other geospatial data in assessing, monitoring, and restoring of coastal ecosystems in Louisiana. This methodology also provides a useful template for other ecological forecasting and coastal restoration applications.

  17. Volunteer home-based HIV/AIDS care and food crisis in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: sustainability in the face of chronic food insecurity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maes, Kenneth C; Shifferaw, Selamawit; Hadley, Craig; Tesfaye, Fikru

    2011-01-01

    Low-income volunteers constitute a major part of AIDS care workforces in sub-Saharan Africa, yet little research has been conducted to determine how poverty and insecurity among volunteers impact their wellbeing and the sustainability of the AIDS treatment programmes they support. This paper presents longitudinal ethnographic and epidemiological research documenting how the 2008 food crisis in Addis Ababa affected AIDS care volunteers’ care relationships and motivations. Ethnographic results highlight the distress and demotivation that rising food costs created for caregivers by contributing to their own and their care recipients’ experiences of food insecurity and HIV-related stigmatization. Epidemiological results underscore a high prevalence of food insecurity (approximately 80%) even prior to the peak of food prices. Rising food prices over the 3 years prior to 2008, underemployment and household per capita incomes averaging less than US$1/day, likely contributed to the very high prevalence of food insecurity reported by caregivers in our sample. We also show that new volunteers recruited in early 2008 by one of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) involved in this study were more likely to be dependants within their households, and that these participants reported lower rates of food insecurity and higher household income. While this shift in volunteer recruitment may help sustain volunteer care programmes in the face of widespread poverty and underemployment, food insecurity was still highly prevalent (58–71%) among this sub-group. Given the inability of the local NGOs that organize volunteers to address the challenge of food insecurity for programme sustainability, our results raise important policy questions regarding compensation for volunteers’ valuable labour and poverty reduction through public health sector job creation. PMID:20439347

  18. Volunteer home-based HIV/AIDS care and food crisis in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: sustainability in the face of chronic food insecurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maes, Kenneth C; Shifferaw, Selamawit; Hadley, Craig; Tesfaye, Fikru

    2011-01-01

    Low-income volunteers constitute a major part of AIDS care workforces in sub-Saharan Africa, yet little research has been conducted to determine how poverty and insecurity among volunteers impact their wellbeing and the sustainability of the AIDS treatment programmes they support. This paper presents longitudinal ethnographic and epidemiological research documenting how the 2008 food crisis in Addis Ababa affected AIDS care volunteers' care relationships and motivations. Ethnographic results highlight the distress and demotivation that rising food costs created for caregivers by contributing to their own and their care recipients' experiences of food insecurity and HIV-related stigmatization. Epidemiological results underscore a high prevalence of food insecurity (approximately 80%) even prior to the peak of food prices. Rising food prices over the 3 years prior to 2008, underemployment and household per capita incomes averaging less than US$1/day, likely contributed to the very high prevalence of food insecurity reported by caregivers in our sample. We also show that new volunteers recruited in early 2008 by one of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) involved in this study were more likely to be dependants within their households, and that these participants reported lower rates of food insecurity and higher household income. While this shift in volunteer recruitment may help sustain volunteer care programmes in the face of widespread poverty and underemployment, food insecurity was still highly prevalent (58-71%) among this sub-group. Given the inability of the local NGOs that organize volunteers to address the challenge of food insecurity for programme sustainability, our results raise important policy questions regarding compensation for volunteers' valuable labour and poverty reduction through public health sector job creation.

  19. The bright side of social economy sector’s projectification: a study of successful social enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Jalocha

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In Europe, we are witnessing a growth in the social economy sector, i.e. in socio – economic organizations, which belong neither to the traditional for profit sector (market economy nor to the public sector (government (Deforuny, 2001; Young, 2007 - they rather act at the interface of civil society and markets (Jäger, 2010. The main goal of these organizations, called social enterprises or social business, is doing business for socially useful purposes. These initiatives may take the form of traditional Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs, like foundations and associations, as well as new kinds of organizations for example social cooperatives, partnerships, funds. Social economy is situated between public and business sphere of administration and combines both, social objectives and the ones profit-oriented. Social entrepreneurship is unquestionably a desirable feature of social economy understood as reaching planned economic objectives with the use of available resources. Another feature comprises in using involvement and creativity of excluded persons and thus, solving social problems, among others, structural unemployment and disadvantage of social minorities as well as strengthening democratic processes, bottom-up social initiatives etc. Achieving objectives, both social and economic, requires using modern management instruments and methods. All of the above mentioned organizations or ventures, which achieve their local, social or ethical mission and goals using methods adopted from the business sector (Defourny, Hulgard, Pestoff, eds.2014. One of these methods is project management. The whole sector of social economy, both in Poland and in Europe, is strongly influenced by projectification process: a lot of the activities are performed in the form of projects. For last ten years projectification of social non-governmental sector as well as the economy sector in Poland was reinforced by EU’s funding stream – hundreds of co

  20. Transnational Organizing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lasse Folke; Seabrooke, Leonard

    2016-01-01

    should be treated and governed by organizations. Using network and career sequences methods, we provide a case of transnational organizing through professionals who attempt issue control and network management on transnational environmental sustainability certification. The article questions how......An ongoing question for institutional theory is how organizing occurs transnationally, where institution building occurs in a highly ambiguous environment. This article suggests that at the core of transnational organizing is competition and coordination within professional and organizational...... networks over who controls issues. Transnational issues are commonly organized through professional battles over how issues are treated and what tasks are involved. These professional struggles are often more important than what organization has a formal mandate over an issue. We highlight how ‘issue...