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Sample records for nocturna osteoma osteoide

  1. Osteoid osteoma in mandible

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    Song, Chang Ho; Choi, Jin Woo [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    A 12-year-old female was referred from a dental clinic due to a radiolucent area under the lower right first and second premolars. The lesion was diagnosed as a simple bone cyst radiographically. However, she complained lasting pain during 10 month follow up. Therefore curettage was performed and it defined as an osteoid osteoma on the histopathologic examination. As the lesion recurred, one year later, enucleation was performed. We report this case to help the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in mandible.

  2. [Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erasmus, M E; Veth, R P; Visser, J D; Molenaar, W M; Robinson, P H; Nielsen, H K

    1990-01-01

    A follow-up study, based on clinical, radiological and pathological information was performed of 20 patients who had suffered from an osteoid osteoma and of three patients who had been treated for an osteoblastoma in the period 1978-1988. 50% of the patients mentioned both pain at night and a good r

  3. Radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma

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    Vanderschueren, Geert Maria Joris Michael

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of spinal and non-spinal osteoid osteomas. Furthermore, the technical requirements needed for safe radiofrequency ablation and the clinical outcome after radiofrequency

  4. Familial occurrence of osteoid osteoma

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    Kalil, Ricardo K.; Antunes, Julio S. [Surgical Pathology, Sarah Network of Hospitals for the Locomotor System, SMHS Quadra 501, 70335-901, Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    Familial occurrence of osteoid osteoma is an exceedingly rare event. This paper describes the second report of this event, where two siblings presented with this lesion in the same location, the proximal left femur. They both presented at 6 years of age, but 3 years apart. (orig.)

  5. OSTEOID OSTEOMA IN SCAPHOID: CASE REPORT.

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    Severo, Antônio Lourenço; de Araújo Filho, Raimundo; Puentes, Rulby; Lemos, Marcelo Barreto; Piluski, Paulo Faiad; Lech, Osvandré

    2012-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  6. Imaging of intra-articular osteoid osteoma

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    Allen, S.D.; Saifuddin, A. E-mail: asaifuddin@aol.com

    2003-11-01

    Intra-articular osteoid osteoma accounts for approximately 13% of all osteoid osteomas and presents as a monoarthropathy. Radiographs commonly do not identify the nidus, and in this event, MRI is likely to be the next imaging investigation. MRI may show a variety of appearances depending upon the age of the lesion. This article illustrates the imaging features of intra-articular osteoid osteoma, with emphasis on MRI. CT remains the investigation of choice for identifying the nidus.

  7. Periosteal osteoid osteoma of the distal femur

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    Mohammed Fahd Amar

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Periosteal osteoid osteoma is extremely rare. The diagnosis is not always clear. We report a case of periosteal osteoid osteoma arising from the posterior surface of the right distal femur in a 21-year-old woman. After careful evaluation and excisional biopsy, histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma, showing the nidus, surrounding osteosclerosis, and catarrhal synovitis. The lesion was treated successfully with excision of the nidus.

  8. Osteoid osteoma - the CT vessel sign

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    Yaniv, Gal; Shabshin, Noga; Sharon, Michal; Garniack, Alex [Sheba Medical Center, Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Tel Hashomer (Israel); Liberman, Boaz [Sheba Medical Center, Division of Orthopedics, Tel Hashomer, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv (Israel); Rimon, Uri [Sheba Medical Center, Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Tel Hashomer, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv (Israel); Eshed, Iris [Sheba Medical Center, Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Tel Hashomer, Tel Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv (Israel)

    2011-10-15

    To evaluate whether the presence of a feeding vessel in proximity to osteoid osteomas of long bones on multidetector CT (MDCT) can be an adjuvant clue for the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. Forty-nine CT scans of patients with radiological and clinical diagnosis of osteoid osteoma of long bones and a control group of 20 CT scans of patients with cortical-based lesions other then osteoid osteoma were analyzed. Two radiologists evaluated the CT images in consensus for the presence of a blood vessel in the same axial slices in which the nidus of osteoid osteoma was seen and to determine the incidence. In 39 cases (79.6%) of osteoid osteoma, a blood vessel either entered the nidus (23 patients) or was seen in proximity to it (16 patients). This was significantly different (P<0.05) from the cortical-based lesions, in which only two CT scans (10%) showed a blood vessel in the lesion's proximity. In the majority of osteoid osteoma lesions in long bones, a blood vessel can be seen on MDCT either entering the nidus itself or in its proximity. The role of this vessel in the lesion pathogenesis and whether it improves diagnostic accuracy need further evaluation. (orig.)

  9. Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma

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    Zhang, Haiping; Niu, Xingbang; Wang, Biao; He, Simin; Hao, Dingjun

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Lumbar osteoid osteoma has a low incidence, which could easily lead to scoliosis. Patient concerns: Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma could be easily misdiagnosed when patients do not complain of obvious symptoms. Diagnoses: We reported a case of a 9-year-old boy with back deformity that was firstly diagnosed with scoliosis at the local hospital. After prescribed with orthosis, the patient experienced aggravating pain that could not be relieved with painkillers. After he admitted to our hospital for further medical advice, he was prescribed to complete radiological examinations. Considering his radiological examination results and his medical history, correct diagnosis of lumbar osteoid osteoma was made. Interventions: Surgical intervention of posterior lesion resection was conducted after diagnosis. Intra-operative frozen pathology indicated features of osteoid osteoma. As the lesion involved inferior articular process of L5, which could cause lumbar instability after lesion resection, internal fixation was conducted at L4-S1 segment, and posterolateral bone fusion was also conducted at L5-S1 segment. Outcomes: Three months after operation, the patient showed marked improvement of scoliosis deformity and great relief of lumbar pain. Lessons subsections: Although spine osteoid osteoma is clinically rare, it shall not be overlooked when young patients present with scoliosis first. Radiological results including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging shall be taken carefully as reference when making diagnosis. Surgical intervention of lesion resection could well improve scoliosis and relieve lumbar pain. PMID:27893671

  10. Osteoid osteoma simulating an osteocartilaginous exostosis

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    Marinelli, A.; Giacomini, S.; Bianchi, G.; Pellacani, A.; Mercuri, M. [Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, University of Bologna, Via Pupilli 1, 40127, Bologna (Italy); Bertoni, F. [Pathology Department, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, University of Bologna (Italy)

    2004-03-01

    We describe a case of osteoid osteoma in the tibia of a 3-year-old patient who presented with a clinical and radiographic picture that suggested an exostosis. The formation of osteoid osteoma with a radiographic picture similar to that of osteophytes or exostosis has been previously documented only rarely. The authors hypothesize that the exostosis-like formation observed was actually the calcification of soft tissues that formed after the intense periosteal inflammatory reaction caused by the osteoid osteoma. As a result of its peculiar clinical and radiographic presentation, diagnosis of this lesion was delayed. Being located close to the medial growth plate of the tibia, it caused lengthening of the limb with a pronounced valgus deviation of the knee. An excisional biopsy provided histological evidence, clinical resolution and immediate pain relief, but incomplete resolution of the valgus deformity of the knee. (orig.)

  11. Osteoma osteoide em escafoide: relato de caso Osteoid osteoma in scaphoid: case report

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    Antônio Lourenço Severo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O osteoma osteoide é um tumor benigno osteoblástico, incomum na mão. A localização nos ossos do carpo é infrequente, a qual leva a erros no diagnóstico em decorrência do polimorfismo de sinais clínicos. Na revisão bibliográfica foram referidos nove casos de osteoma osteoide no escafoide. Relata-se um caso de osteoma osteoide no escafoide, tratado inicialmente como tenossinovite estenosante de De Quervain, tendo diagnóstico definitivo retardado por cinco anos.Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  12. Subperiosteal osteoid osteoma: radiographic and pathologic manifestations

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    Shankman, S. [Department of Radiology, Hospital for Joint Diseases/OI, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Desai, P. [Department of Pathology, Hospital for Joint Diseases/OI, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Beltran, J. [Department of Radiology, Hospital for Joint Diseases/OI, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

    1997-08-01

    Objective.To demonstrate the radiologic and pathologic manifestations of osteoid osteoma arising beneath the periosteum, on the surface of the bone. Design. One hundred and sixty osteoid osteomas were seen over a 30-year period. The radiologic, pathologic and operative findings of those that were subperiosteal were reviewed. Patients. Eleven patients with subperiosteal osteoid osteoma were reviewed. The patients ranged in age from 13 to 36 years with a mean of 24 years. Eight were male and three were female. Results and conclusion. Eleven subperiosteal lesions were studied. The reactive periostitis of four lesions was atypical and misleading. Four lesions had features similar to the more common intracortical variety. Three lesions occurring within the joint like other intra-articular lesions were barely seen on plain radiographs. Bone scan and CT scan were virtually diagnostic. The histopathology of these lesions was also atypical though not misleading. In conclusion, subperiosteal osteoid osteoma is a rare lesion with atypical radiographic and histopathologic features. The unusual reactive periostitis seen in several extra-articular cases may suggest other diagnoses. (orig.). With 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Intra-Articular Osteoid Osteoma Mimicking Juvenile Arthritis

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    Sidi Yaya Traore

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In case of intra-articular osteoid osteoma, misdiagnosis as juvenile arthritis may occur, delaying adequate treatment. We report cases of intra-articular osteoid osteomas in children that were misdiagnosed and initially inappropriately treated with intra-articular corticoid injection. Diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was finally given by CT-scan and appropriate treatment by radiofrequency ablation or surgical ablation was performed. Clinicians and radiologists should be aware of the potentially confusing clinical and imaging findings associated with intra-articular osteoid osteoma.

  14. Osteoid Osteoma of Cervical Spine in two adjacent Vertebrae

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    MR Etemadifar

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor, mainly seen in 10-30 years male. Spine is a relatively common site and almost always, posterior elements are involved. Plain X-Ray-, CT scan and Isotope scan help to identify and localize spine lesions. We described one 18 years old boy with 3 years low neck pain. Isotope scan, MRI and CT scan showed two lesions in C7 and T1. Gross inspection and histopathology examination confirmed osteoid osteoma in two adjacent vertebrae which has not been reported elsewhere in the literature. Key words: Osteoid Osteoma, Spine, Multifocal

  15. CT Guided Laser Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma

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    Manohar Kachare

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available To present our experience of Computed Tomography (CT guided laser ablation of radiologically proven osteoid osteoma in the inter trochantric region of the femur. A19 year old female presented with severe pain in left upper thigh region since 6-7 months, which was exaggerated during nights and was relived on taking oral Non Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs. On CT scan hypodense lesion with surrounding dense sclerosis noted in intertrochanteric region in left femur. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI revealed small focal predominantly cortical, oval lytic lesion in the intertrochanteric region which appeared hypointense on T1 Weighted Image (T1WI and hyperintense on T2 Weighted Image (T2WI and Short Tau Inversion Recovery (STIR image. Diffuse extensive sclerosis and hyperostosis of bone was noted surrounding the lesion appearing hypointense on T1W and T2W images. Under local anesthesia the laser fibre was inserted in the nidus under CT guidance through bone biopsy needle and 1800 joules energy delivered in the lesion continuous mode. Complete relief of pain noted after 24 hours after the treatment. CT guided LASER ablation is a safe, simple and effective method of treatment for osteoid osteoma.

  16. Osteoid osteoma of the distal clavicle

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    Bernardo Barcellos Terra

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The osteoid osteoma is a bone tumor that accounts for 10% of benign tumors. It was described in 1935 by Jaffe, as a tumor that affects the young adult population, with a predominance of males. This study aims to present a case of late diagnosis of a patient with osteoid osteoma of the distal clavicle region. Female patient, 44 years old, non-professional volleyball player, reported pain in the anterior and superior region of the shoulder girdle, specifically in the acromioclavicular joint, which worsened at night and had been treated for nine months as tendinitis of the rotator cuff and acromioclavicular joint arthritis. After confirming the diagnosis, the patient underwent open surgery with resection of the distal clavicle. At two years of follow-up, the patient presents without local pain. In the radiographic evaluation, coracoclavicular distance is preserved and there are no signs of recurrence. Tumors of the shoulder girdle are rare and are often diagnosed late. A high degree of suspicion for the diagnosis of tumors of the shoulder girdle is needed in order to avoid late diagnosis.

  17. Osteoid osteoma of the patella: report of two cases

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    MA Ke; ZHAO Hai-tao; NIU Xiao-hui; ZHANG Qing

    2011-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is very rarely located in the patella,and can represent a significant diagnostic challenge,resulting in a delay of treatment.Patients with osteoid osteoma of the patella often present with knee pain that is also a typical symptom of trauma or of other diseases such as arthritis,which are much more common than osteoid osteoma.We present two young male patients diagnosed with osteoid osteoma of the patella.Each of these patients had a history of intense knee pain; however,accurate diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in the patella had been delayed for more than one year.Computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a circumscribed lesion of the patella in both patients,whereas X-ray examination (posteroanterior projection) was not able to detect the tumor.Different surgical procedures were performed in these patients for resection of the tumors,and the pathology findings confirmed the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma.Both patients recovered completely from surgery.

  18. Radiological Imaging Findings of a Case with Vertebral Osteoid Osteoma Leading to Brachial Neuralgia

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    Erkan Gokce; Erdogan Ayan; Fatih Çelikyay; Berat Acu

    2013-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a small, benign osteoblastic tumor consisting of a highly vascularized nidus of connective tissue surrounded by sclerotic bone. Three-quarters of osteoid osteomas are located in the long bones, and only 7-12% in the vertebral column. The classical clinical presentation of spinal osteoid osteoma is that of painful scoliosis. Other clinical features include nerve root irritation and night pain. Osteoid osteoma has characteristic computed tomography (CT) findings. Because magn...

  19. [Osteoid osteoma in children: 5 cases treated with electrocoagulation].

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    Gilliaux, O; de Wispelaere, J-F; Charlier, H; Bodart, E

    2012-11-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor. Its diagnosis is often delayed despite typical symptoms: severe pain mainly situated on the lower limbs and characteristically worse at night. Once diagnosed, an antalgic treatment by aspirin is well known to be very effective in relieving pain. Osteoid osteoma will resolve spontaneously. If symptoms persist despite the use of aspirin, surgery can be performed to remove the tumor. Percutaneous electrocoagulation can be performed instead of surgical resection as a less invasive procedure. The success rate of surgery and percutaneous electrocoagulation is comparable. We reviewed the cases of 5 patients who were hospitalized in our institution for percutaneous electrocoagulation of an osteoid osteoma. We compared them to the literature.

  20. Percutaneous laser photocoagulation of osteoid osteomas under CT guidance

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    Friend, D.E. de; Smith, S.P.; Hughes, P.M

    2003-03-01

    AIM: The aim was to evaluate laser photocoagulation and the use of the Bonopty needle system in the treatment of osteoid osteoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with osteoid osteomas were treated with computed tomography (CT)-guided, percutaneous laser photocoagulation using the Bonopty biopsy system. RESULTS: Complete pain relief was obtained in four patients. In one patient, pain persisted until the 6 weeks follow-up but resolved within 24 h of repeating the procedure. There were no complications, and patients remained symptom free at follow-up of 4-23 months (mean, 14 months). CONCLUSION: CT-guided laser photocoagulation of osteoid osteoma is a minimally invasive technique that represents a cost-effective alternative to surgical excision. The Bonopty needle system allows successful penetration of the sclerotic bone surrounding the nidus with manual pressure alone.

  1. Percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation of osteoid osteomas: factors affecting therapeutic outcome

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    Cribb, G.L.; Goude, W.H.; Cool, P.; Tins, B.; Cassar-Pullicino, V.N.; Mangham, D.C. [Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry (United Kingdom)

    2005-11-01

    To examine factors which affect local recurrence of osteoid osteomas treated with percutaneous CT-guided radiofrequency thermocoagulation. A prospective study was carried out on 45 patients with osteoid osteoma who underwent percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation with a minimum follow-up of 12 months There were seven local recurrences (16%); all occurred within the first year. Local recurrence was significantly related to a non-diaphyseal location (P<0.01). There was no significant relationship (P=0.05) between local recurrence and age of the patient, duration of symptoms, previous treatment, size of the lesion, positive biopsy, radiofrequency generator used or the number of needle positions. There were no complications. Osteoid osteomas in a non-diaphyseal location are statistically more likely to recur than those in a diaphyseal location when treated with CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation. This relationship between local recurrence and location has not been previously reported. (orig.)

  2. Multicentric Osteoid Osteoma Presenting a Diagnostic Dilemma.

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    Bush, Lisabeth A; Gayle, Robert B; Berkey, Bryan D

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of a relatively common benign tumor that was a diagnostic dilemma because of its atypical appearance in multiple imaging modalities. Our patient was a 22-year-old man who presented with complaint of three months of shin pain with running. The radiographically demonstrated sclerotic lesion in his right tibia initially was thought most likely to be a stress fracture, but on further evaluation, it had features that suggested a subacute osteomyelitis or Brodie's abscess with focal sequestra. It was in fact, biopsy proven to be an osteoid osteoma with multiple, closely adjacent nidi. Its elongate, multicentric, "string of beads" arrangement as well as its intramedullary location is uncommon and it was larger than normally expected. Because of the unusual presentation and appearance of this lesion it caused a diagnostic dilemma. This lesion was evaluated with a full spectrum of modalities including radiographs, CT, MRI, Technetium 99m-MDP bone scan and Indium-111 white blood cell scan. After biopsy achieved a definite diagnosis, this tumor was successfully treated with radiofrequency ablation of all nidi in one session.

  3. An Alternative Surgical Method for Treatment of Osteoid Osteoma.

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    Gökalp, Mehmet Ata; Gözen, Abdurrahim; Ünsal, Seyyid Şerif; Önder, Haci; Güner, Savaş

    2016-02-22

    BACKGROUND An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that tends to be osteoma can be treated with various conservative and surgical methods, but these have some risks and difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to present an alternative treatment method for osteoid osteoma and the results we obtained. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2010 to 2014, 10 patients with osteoid osteoma underwent nidus excision by using a safe alternative method in an operating room (OR) with no computed tomography (CT). The localization of the tumor was determined by use of a CT-guided Kirschner wire in the radiology unit, then, in the OR the surgical intervention was performed without removing the Kirschner wire. RESULTS Following the alternative intervention, all the patients were completely relieved of pain. In the follow-up, no recurrence or complication occurred. CONCLUSIONS The presented alternative method for treating osteoid osteoma is an efficient and practical procedure for surgeons working in clinics that lack specialized equipment.

  4. An Alternative Surgical Method for Treatment of Osteoid Osteoma

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    Gökalp, Mehmet Ata; Gözen, Abdurrahim; Ünsal, Seyyid Şerif; Önder, Haci; Güner, Savaş

    2016-01-01

    Background An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that tends to be osteoma can be treated with various conservative and surgical methods, but these have some risks and difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to present an alternative treatment method for osteoid osteoma and the results we obtained. Material/Methods In the period from 2010 to 2014, 10 patients with osteoid osteoma underwent nidus excision by using a safe alternative method in an operating room (OR) with no computed tomography (CT). The localization of the tumor was determined by use of a CT-guided Kirschner wire in the radiology unit, then, in the OR the surgical intervention was performed without removing the Kirschner wire. Results Following the alternative intervention, all the patients were completely relieved of pain. In the follow-up, no recurrence or complication occurred. Conclusions The presented alternative method for treating osteoid osteoma is an efficient and practical procedure for surgeons working in clinics that lack specialized equipment. PMID:26898923

  5. Multicentric osteoid osteoma with a nidus located in the epiphysis

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    Tamam, Cueneyt [Kasimpasa Military Hospital, Kasimpasa Asker Hastanesi, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul (Turkey); Yildirim, Duezguen [Kasimpasa Military Hospital, Department of Radiology, Istanbul (Turkey); Tamam, Muge [Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Nuclear Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2009-11-15

    We present a 13-year-old girl who was referred to our clinic with a 5-month history of right leg pain relieved by salicylates. Initial CT examination demonstrated a lesion in the posterior tibial cortex in keeping with an osteoid osteoma. This was resected and the diagnosis confirmed by histology. However, her pain recurred 2 weeks after the operation and further imaging identified a further nidus in the epiphysis. We present the imaging findings in this unique case of multicentric osteoid osteoma with one nidus located in the epiphysis. (orig.)

  6. Intra-articular osteoid osteoma at the femoral trochlea treated with osteochondral autograft transplantation

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    Leeman, Joshua J; Motamedi, Daria; Wildman-Tobriner, Ben; O’Donnell, Richard J; Link, Thomas M

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of an intra-articular osteoid osteoma at the femoral trochlea. Intra-articular osteoid osteoma can present a diagnostic challenge both clinically and with imaging because it presents differently from the classic cortical osteoid osteoma. Given the lesion’s proximity to overlying cartilage, the patient underwent resection of the lesion with osteochondral autograft transplantation at the surgical defect. A comprehensive literature review and discussion of intra-articular osteoma will be provided. PMID:27761182

  7. Imaging features of foot osteoid osteoma

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    Shukla, Satyen; Clarke, Andrew W.; Saifuddin, Asif [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2010-07-15

    We performed a retrospective review of the imaging of nine patients with a diagnosis of foot osteoid osteoma (OO). Radiographs, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) had been performed in all patients. Radiographic features evaluated were the identification of a nidus and cortical thickening. CT features noted were nidus location (affected bone - intramedullary, intracortical, subarticular) and nidus calcification. MRI features noted were the presence of an identifiable nidus, presence and grade of bone oedema and whether a joint effusion was identified. Of the nine patients, three were female and six male, with a mean age of 21 years (range 11-39 years). Classical symptoms of OO (night pain, relief with aspirin) were identified in five of eight (62.5%) cases (in one case, the medical records could not be retrieved). In five patients the lesion was located in the hindfoot (four calcaneus, one talus), while four were in the mid- or forefoot (two metatarsal and two phalangeal). Radiographs were normal in all patients with hindfoot OO. CT identified the nidus in all cases (89%) except one terminal phalanx lesion, while MRI demonstrated a nidus in six of nine cases (67%). The nidus was of predominantly intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted (T1W) sequences, with intermediate to high signal intensity on T2-weighted (T2W) sequences. High-grade bone marrow oedema, limited to the affected bone and adjacent soft tissue oedema was identified in all cases. In a young patient with chronic hindfoot pain and a normal radiograph, MRI features suggestive of possible OO include extensive bone marrow oedema limited to one bone, with a possible nidus demonstrated in two-thirds of cases. The presence or absence of a nidus should be confirmed with high-resolution CT. (orig.)

  8. Osteoid osteoma of the radial styloid mimicking de quervain tenosynovitis.

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    Chloros, George D; Themistocleous, George S; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J; Khaldi, Lubna; Efstathopoulos, Dimitrios G; Soucacos, Panayotis N

    2007-10-01

    A very unusual location of osteoid osteoma arising in the radial styloid is presented, which strongly mimicked de Quervain tenosynovitis, thereby resulting in the patient undergoing an additional unnecessary operation and a substantial delay of more than 2 years in diagnosis.

  9. The diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging in osteoid osteoma

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    Davies, Mark; Cassar-Pullicino, Victor N.; McCall, Iain W.; Tyrrell, Prudencia N.M. [Department of Radiology, The Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry, Shropshire, SY10 7AG (United Kingdom); Davies, Mark A. [The MRI Centre, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    2002-10-01

    To analyse the MR imaging appearances of a large series of osteoid osteomas, to assess the ability of MR imaging to detect the tumour, and to identify potential reasons for misdiagnosis.Design and patients. The MR imaging findings of 43 patients with osteoid osteoma were reviewed retrospectively and then compared with other imaging modalities to assess the accuracy of MR localisation and interpretation.Results. The potential for a missed diagnosis was 35% based solely on the MR investigations. This included six tumours which were not seen and nine which were poorly visualised. The major determinants of the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging were the MR technique, skeletal location, and preliminary radiographic appearances. There was a wide spectrum of MR signal appearances of the lesion. The tumour was identified in 65% of sequences performed in the axial plane. The nidus was present in only one slice of the optimal sequence in 27 patients. Reactive bone changes were present in 33 and soft tissue changes in 37 patients.Conclusion. Reliance on MR imaging alone may lead to misdiagnosis. As the osteoid osteoma may be difficult to identify and the MR features easily misinterpreted, optimisation of MR technique is crucial in reducing the risk of missing the diagnosis. Unexplained areas of bone marrow oedema in particular require further imaging (scintigraphy and CT) to exclude an osteoid osteoma. (orig.)

  10. Efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma in children

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    Donkol, Ragab H. [Cairo University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo (Egypt); Assir Central Hospital, Department of Radiology, P.O. Box 34, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Al-Nammi, Ahmed [Assir Central Hospital, Department of Radiology, P.O. Box 34, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Moghazi, Khaled [Alexandria University, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria (Egypt)

    2008-02-15

    Percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma has high technical and clinical success rates. However, there are limited data on its use in the treatment of osteoid osteoma in children. To assess the safety and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation of osteoid osteoma in children and compare the outcomes with published data on its use in patients unselected for age. From January 2003 to July 2006, 23 children with osteoid osteoma were treated with CT-guided RF ablation using a straight rigid electrode. Their mean age was 11 years (range 3.5-16 years) and there were 15 boys and 8 girls. The procedures were carried out under general anaesthesia. Follow-up was performed to assess technical and clinical outcome. The mean follow-up period was 2.5 years (range 13-49 months). Technical success was achieved in 21 children (91.3%). Failure occurred in two children, in one due to failure to adequately localize the nidus within the dense sclerosis and in the other because of a short ablation time (2 min) because he developed hyperthermia. Clinical success was achieved in 18 patients within 2-5 days (primary clinical success rate 78.2%).These patients were allowed to fully weight-bear and function without limitation 1 week after the procedure. Pain recurrence was observed in two patients; one was treated successfully with a second ablation after 6 months (secondary clinical success rate 82.6%). Hyperthermia was observed in two patients during the procedure. Three other minor complications were observed: wound infection in one child and skin burn in two children. No major immediate or delayed complications were observed. Percutaneous CT-guided RF ablation is an effective and safe minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in children. It has high technical and clinical success rates that are slightly lower than those of patients with a wider range of ages. (orig.)

  11. Radiological Imaging Findings of a Case with Vertebral Osteoid Osteoma Leading to Brachial Neuralgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Gokce

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a small, benign osteoblastic tumor consisting of a highly vascularized nidus of connective tissue surrounded by sclerotic bone. Three-quarters of osteoid osteomas are located in the long bones, and only 7-12% in the vertebral column. The classical clinical presentation of spinal osteoid osteoma is that of painful scoliosis. Other clinical features include nerve root irritation and night pain. Osteoid osteoma has characteristic computed tomography (CT findings. Because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings of the osteoid osteomas causing intense perinidal edema can be confusing, these patients should be evaluated with clinical findings and other imaging techniques. In this study, we present X-ray, CT, and MRI findings of a case with osteoid osteoma located in thoracic 1 vertebra left lamina and transverse process junction leading to brachial neuralgia symptoms.

  12. Radiological Imaging Findings of a Case with Vertebral Osteoid Osteoma Leading to Brachial Neuralgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokce, Erkan; Ayan, Erdoğan; Çelikyay, Fatih; Acu, Berat

    2013-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a small, benign osteoblastic tumor consisting of a highly vascularized nidus of connective tissue surrounded by sclerotic bone. Three-quarters of osteoid osteomas are located in the long bones, and only 7-12% in the vertebral column. The classical clinical presentation of spinal osteoid osteoma is that of painful scoliosis. Other clinical features include nerve root irritation and night pain. Osteoid osteoma has characteristic computed tomography (CT) findings. Because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the osteoid osteomas causing intense perinidal edema can be confusing, these patients should be evaluated with clinical findings and other imaging techniques. In this study, we present X-ray, CT, and MRI findings of a case with osteoid osteoma located in thoracic 1 vertebra left lamina and transverse process junction leading to brachial neuralgia symptoms. PMID:24404413

  13. Arthroscopic Excision of an Intraarticular Osteoid Osteoma in the Distal Femur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Suk; Kim, Young Sung; Lee, Ho Min; Lee, Min Young

    2016-01-01

    An intraarticular osteoid osteoma of the knee is uncommon, and its treatment is challenging. The authors present a case of arthroscopic excision of an intraarticular osteoid osteoma in the distal femur, which was accessible through the knee joint. After confirming the nidus of the osteoid osteoma by computed tomography, the lesion was completely removed arthroscopically. The patient reported complete pain relief immediately after surgery. This case demonstrates that intraarticular osteoid osteomas in the knee joint can be treated by arthroscopic excision and that good results can be obtained. PMID:27904732

  14. Brodie's abscess of the femoral neck simulating osteoid osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, Yash; Maheshwari, Aditya V

    2007-10-01

    Subacute osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) is essentially a problem of diagnosis, and there may be considerable difficulty in distinguishing it from other benign and malignant bone lesions. Though reported in the metaphyseal region of the femur, Brodie's abscess is rarer in the femoral neck. The authors present a case of Brodie's abscess in the femoral neck, which clinico-radiologically simulated an osteoid osteoma. Retrospectively, the presence of a cortical sinus tract should have aroused suspicion.

  15. CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Chen; LIU Xiao-guang; ZHU Bin; YUAN Hui-shu; HAN Song-bo; MA Yong-qiang

    2011-01-01

    Background This study evaluated the feasibility,efficacy and safety of CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in patients with spinal osteoid osteoma.Methods Two patients suffered spinal osteoid osteoma were treated with CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under local anesthesia.Lesions located in sacral vertebrae and cervical vertebrae,which were adjacent to nerve root and spinal canal respectively.Tumors were treated under 90°C radiofrequency temperature lasting 4 minutes by an electrode placement.Visual analog scale was used to evaluate the pain improvement.Results No complications were observed pre- and post-operation.Patients recovered to normal activities immediately and achieved complete pain relief in 24 hours.No symptoms were recurrent in 5 months and 4 months follow up.Mild scoliosis has been recovered in case 2.Conclusions CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma is safe,effective and has more clinical benefits.The long-term outcome needs further observation.

  16. Intracortical bone metastasis mimicking intracortical osteoid osteoma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Yu Ri; Kim, Jee Young [St. Vincent' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-08-15

    Cortical metastasis usually occurs in the diaphysis of the long bones with the appearance of a cookie-bite pattern; this is associated with cortical destruction extending into the soft tissue as well as into the medullary cavity, or there can be a periosteal reaction. We report here on a 66-year-old woman who was diagnosed with intracortical metastasis in the proximal metaphysis of the right femur as an initial metastatic focus from primary lung cancer. CT detected an intracortical osteolytic lesion without cortical destruction or thickening. The MR images showed extensive peritumoral edema in the surrounding soft tissue and adjacent bone marrow edema, and this all mimicked osteoid osteoma.

  17. Periarticular osteoid osteoma of the ankle: a report of nine arthroscopically treated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimnjaković, Damjan; Bojanić, Ivan; Smoljanović, Tomislav; Mahnik, Alan

    2015-01-01

    Periarticular osteoid osteoma often presents with unspecific clinical symptoms, mimicking other clinical conditions. This can lead a clinician to a ''diagnostic side path'' and a delayed or missed diagnosis compared with extra-articular osteoid osteoma. We report the cases of 9 patients with a mean age of 22 (range 14 to 32) years who were diagnosed with periarticular osteoid osteoma of the ankle and were surgically treated in our department during a 12-year period. The diagnostic difficulties associated with periarticular osteoid osteoma must be resolved by obtaining a detailed patient history and performing a thorough physical examination. Computed tomography is the ultimate imaging method to confirm the suspicion of osteoid osteoma. Arthroscopic removal of the osteoid osteoma was performed in all 9 patients in the present case series, with synovectomy performed when indicated. Under arthroscopic visualization, a specimen was obtained for histopathologic analysis to confirm the diagnosis, followed by tumor excision. All the patients were pain free at the final follow-up visit after a mean duration of 6 years (range 6 months to 12.7 years) postoperatively. We suggest arthroscopic removal of periarticular osteoid osteomas of the ankle as an effective treatment method, because it allows complete tumor excision, synovectomy when needed, a short postoperative rehabilitation period, and satisfactory functional results.

  18. Osteoid Osteoma in the Neck of the Scapula; A Misleading Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Rouhani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that when located on the base of the coracoids process of the scapula is very rare and diagnosis and treatment is often delayed because of its rarity. Almost any bone can be involved, but half of cases involve the femur or tibia. The radiologic features of osteoid osteoma are well known, but these tumors may present with unusual features and be easily misdiagnosed. In this report, we present a case of osteoid osteoma of the neck of the left scapula that took almost 27 months to be diagnosed accurately.

  19. Giant osteoid osteoma of the ethmoid bone with unusual large nidus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Murat Müslüman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma (OO is a benign bone neoplasm which is seen in the long bones of appendicular skeleton. It is rarely seen in the cranium.Ethmoid bone OO has been very rarely reported so far. We report another case of giant osteoid osteoma involving the ethmoid bone with intraorbital and intracranial extension in a 3O year old female patient. This case with unusual anatomical location was presented. It is first time reporting a giant osteoid osteoma of ethmoid bone with such a large nidus.

  20. A case series of Osteoid Osteoma: 7 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzan M

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a unique benign primary bone tumor that may present in the metaphyseal diaphyseal areas of the short tubular bones and has also been reported in the carpal bones. It occurs in the first two decades of life. The classic history is bone pain, often relieved by aspirin. The clinical appearance is local swelling and tenderness. The typical radiographic appearance is very characteristic: an eccentric area of cortical sclerosis, frequently with a radiolucent nidus. The lesion does not exceed 1 cm in diameter. The use of a bone scan may be helpful diagnostically, as are the CAT scan and tomography. Doyle et al described seven cases of osteoid osteoma with a prolonged delay in diagnosis, but reported an excellent cure rate following excision. The carpus is not unusual as a site for this tumor, especially the scaphoid. Treatment is windowing with curettage of the tumor nidus. The use of a dental drill to window the phalanx and expose the nidus is very helpful. Removal of the entire nidus is permanently curative, but if a portion of the tumor is missed, prompt recurrence of the symptoms is the rule.

  1. Radiofrequency thermoablation of primary non-spinal osteoid osteoma: optimization of the procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rimondi, E.; Malaguti, M.C.; Ciminari, R.; Albisinni, U. [Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Radiology Department, Bologna (Italy); Bianchi, Giuseppe; Del Baldo, A.; Mercuri, M. [Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, V Divisione, Bologna (Italy)

    2005-07-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a small benign tumor that requires treatment due to the intense pain it causes. Surgical therapy has been the ablative technique of choice after a failure of medical therapy. Recently, numerous less invasive, alternative procedures have been proposed: drill trepanation with or without ethanol injections, cryoablation, and thermoablation with laser or radiofrequency. The aim of this review is to retrospectively assess the effect of radiofrequency (RF) thermoablation in the treatment of primary non-spinal osteoid osteoma. From June 2001 to July 2003, we treated 106 patients affected by osteoid osteoma with RF thermoablation. Five patients with spinal osteoid osteoma and four with a previously treated osteoma were excluded from the study. In this paper, we assess the results obtained in a selected group of 97 primary non-spinal osteoid osteoma. The lesions were predominantly in the metaphysics of the femur. Central nidus calcifications were frequent and there was no prevalence for which side they occurred. Primary success was achieved in 82 patients (85%), while we obtained secondary success in 15 patients (15%). In two patients (2%), pain persisted between the two treatments and failed to be resolved, even after the second treatment; therefore, surgical excision was performed and complete resolution was obtained. No complications were reported. In conclusion, our results confirm that the treatment of choice for non-spinal osteoid osteoma is RF thermoablation, offering several advantages over ablative techniques. (orig.)

  2. Unusual presentation of osteoid osteoma mimicking osteomyelitis in a 27-month-old infant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhat, Ishwar; Zerin, Jeffrey Michael; Bloom, David Adam [Department of Pediatric Imaging, Children' s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan (United States); Mooney, James Francis III [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Children' s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan (United States)

    2003-06-01

    Osteoid osteoma is an uncommon, benign disorder of bone that is most often encountered in school-age children and in adolescents. It is quite rare in children under the age of 3 years. We report a case of osteoid osteoma with unusual clinical and imaging features in a 27-month-old toddler who presented with a limp and swelling of the right knee. Initial clinical evaluation, plain films, and computed tomography (CT) were strongly suggestive of chronic osteomyelitis involving the distal right femoral metadiaphysis. The appearance on nuclear medicine bone scan, however, was typical of osteoid osteoma. A biopsy of the lesion was taken and histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. The misleading clinical and imaging features in this case are discussed. (orig.)

  3. Osteoid osteoma mimicking Brodie's abscess in a 13-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlur, Charles; Bachy, Manon; Wajfisz, Anthony; Ducou le Pointe, Hubert; Josset, Patrice; Vialle, Raphaël

    2013-04-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a solitary, benign lesion of bone causing significant nocturnal pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and bone scan are commonly used in this diagnosis. A case of osteoid osteoma of the distal femur mimicking chronic osteomyelitis with Brodie's abscess is reported and discussed. Initial radiographs and MRI showed a lesion of the distal femur consistent with subacute osteomyelitis with a Brodie's abscess. Because primary malignant tumor could not be eliminated, surgical biopsy was carried out. Histological examination showed a typical nidus consistent with the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. Subacute osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) may be difficult to distinguish from other malignant or benign bone lesions as osteoid osteoma. CT usually is recommended as the best imaging procedure to identify the nidus and confirm the diagnosis. MRI also can be used for this purpose. Surgical biopsy remains mandatory for unclear lesions before deciding on appropriate treatment.

  4. Osteoid Osteoma Presenting as a Painful Solitary Skull Lesion: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saeed Ahmadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osteomas are asymptomatic and rare slow growing bony tumors in temporal bone, and should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic solitary skull lesions. Sometimes is associated with pain and functional loss. Only a few cases have been reported.   Case Report: We describe a case of an osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone (mastoid in a 31-year-old woman presenting as painful solitary tumor of calvarium and its management. The resection of whole bony tumor was performed using the retroauricular approach. Pathologic evaluation revealed the osteoid osteoma.    Conclusion: Although osteoid osteoma of the temporal bone is rare, it should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the osteolytic skull lesions. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic osteomas or cosmetic reasons. 

  5. Carpal tunnel syndrome: A rare manifestation of distal radius osteoid osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basran, Sukhvinder Singh; Kumar, Sandeep; Jameel, Javed; Sajid, Imran

    2015-09-01

    Osteoid Osteoma is a benign bone tumor that normally affects long bones and rarely affects distal radius. Because of its nonspecific presentation in the wrist, it remains a diagnostic challenge. We report an unusual case of Osteoid Osteoma at distal radius having symptoms resembling that of carpal tunnel syndrome. The diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively with X-rays; bone scintigraphy, CT, and MRI, later histological examination confirmed the diagnoses. Surgical excision lead to a dramatic improvement in the condition of the patient.

  6. Computed tomography-guided resection of osteoid osteoma of the sacrum: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuda, Shinsuke; Susa, Michiro; Watanabe, Itsuo; Nishimoto, Kazumasa; Horiuchi, Keisuke; Toyama, Yoshiaki; Morioka, Hideo

    2014-06-18

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign tumor that usually occurs in the long bones of young adults. Its symptoms can be diverse depending on the location of the tumor and especially difficult to diagnose when occurring in an atypical location. Osteoid osteoma arising in the sacrum is extremely rare, and here, we present a case that was treated successfully in a minimally invasive fashion under computed tomography guidance. A 25-year-old Asian man was referred to our institution due to persistent pain in the buttock after 12 months of conservative treatment. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a ring-shaped radiolucency consistent with a nidus of osteoid osteoma in the sacrum. The lesion was subsequently resected under computed tomography guidance and the histological diagnosis was compatible with osteoid osteoma. His postoperative course was uneventful, and at two years after surgery our patient is symptom-free with no evidence of recurrence. Computed tomography-guided resection of osteoid osteoma in the spinal column is feasible and accurate if there is adequate margin from vital organs. Although rare, it is important to always bear in mind the possibility of osteoid osteoma occurring in the sacrum when no other apparent lesion is detected.

  7. Clinical and morphological characteristics of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma: a retrospective single-center analysis of 204 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalcinkaya, Ulviye; Doganavsargil, Basak; Sezak, Murat; Kececi, Burcin; Argin, Mehmet; Basdemir, Gulcin; Oztop, Fikri

    2014-12-01

    Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma are histologically similar, benign bone-forming tumors. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the natural history; clinical, pathologic, and radiologic findings; and treatment results in 204 patients between 1959 and 2006 in a single institution. According to the World Health Organization's definition, tumors ≤1 cm in diameter were classified as osteoid osteoma, and those ≥2 cm, as osteoblastoma. For tumors between 1 cm and 2 cm, other criteria, such as the bone involved, the site, the presence of a nidus, and presence of peripheral sclerosis, were used for diagnosis. There were 131 patients with osteoid osteoma (93 male, 38 female) and 73 patients with osteoblastoma (40 male, 33 female). The mean age in the osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma groups was 16.4 ± 7 and 19.6 ± 9.9 years, respectively. The osteoid osteoma cases were mostly localized in the extremities, whereas the osteoblastoma cases involved the vertebral column and sacrum. The nidus size varied between 0.2 and 1.5 cm in osteoid osteoma cases, and the tumor size range was 1.3-10 cm in the osteoblastoma cases. The pain was encountered in 89% of osteoid osteoma and 45% of osteoblastoma patients. Histopathology was similar in both cases. The treatment of choice was conservative surgery for both diagnoses. In conclusion, osteoblastoma is clinically and radiologically more aggressive than osteoid osteoma.

  8. Osteoid osteoma: MR-guided focused ultrasound for entirely noninvasive treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napoli, Alessandro; Mastantuono, Marco; Cavallo Marincola, Beatrice; Anzidei, Michele; Zaccagna, Fulvio; Moreschini, Oreste; Passariello, Roberto; Catalano, Carlo

    2013-05-01

    To determine the preliminary feasibility, safety, and clinical efficacy of magnetic resonance (MR)-guided focused ultrasound for the treatment of painful osteoid osteoma. This prospective institutional review board-approved study involved six consecutive patients (five males and one female; mean age, 21 years) with a diagnosis of osteoid osteoma based on clinical and imaging findings. All patients underwent MR-guided focused ultrasound ablation after providing informed consent. Lesions located in the vertebral body were excluded. The number of sonications and the energy deposition were recorded. Treatment success was determined at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. A visual analog scale (VAS) score for pain was used to assess changes in symptoms. MR imaging features of osteoid osteoma (edema, hyperemia, and nidus vascularization) were considered at baseline and at imaging follow-up. Treatment was performed with a mean of 4 sonications ± 1.8 (standard deviation), with a mean energy deposition of 866 J ± 211. No treatment- or anesthesia-related complications occurred. The pre- and posttreatment mean VAS scores significantly differed (7.9 ± 1.4 and 0.0 ± 0.0, respectively). At imaging, the edema and hyperemia associated with osteoid osteoma gradually disappeared in all lesions. However, nidus vascularization still persisted after treatment in four of six patients. This limited series demonstrated that MR-guided focused ultrasound treatment of osteoid osteoma can be performed safely with a high rate of success and without apparent treatment-related morbidity.

  9. Percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteoma by CT-guided drilling resection in pediatric patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sierre, Sergio; Lipsich, Jose; Questa, Horacio; Moguillansky, Silvia [Hospital Nacional de Pediatria, Department of Interventional Radiology, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Innocenti, Sergio; Lanfranchi, Lucas [Hospital Nacional de Pediatria, Department of Orthopedics, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2006-02-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful, benign, small osteogenic bone tumor. For a long time, surgery was the only treatment for these lesions. Different minimally invasive therapeutic techniques have been proposed. We report our experience in the treatment of osteoid osteoma by CT-guided drilling resection in pediatric patients. To evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous drilling resection as a minimally invasive therapy for osteoid osteoma in children. Over a 5-year period, 18 patients (age range 6-17 years, mean age 11.6 years) with osteoid osteomas (femur, n=10; tibia, n=5; humerus, n=2; vertebral body, n=1) were treated with this technique. All procedures were performed under general anesthesia. All procedures were technically successful. Clinical success was achieved in 94.5% of patients (17/18). Only one patient had recurrence of symptoms 8 months after percutaneous resection and was surgically retreated. There were no complications. CT-guided percutaneous drilling resection is a safe, simple and effective minimally invasive technique for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in pediatric patients. (orig.)

  10. Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma: A case report of delayed diagnosis and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Haiping; Niu, Xingbang; Wang, Biao; He, Simin; Hao, Dingjun

    2016-11-01

    Lumbar osteoid osteoma has a low incidence, which could easily lead to scoliosis. Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma could be easily misdiagnosed when patients do not complain of obvious symptoms. We reported a case of a 9-year-old boy with back deformity that was firstly diagnosed with scoliosis at the local hospital. After prescribed with orthosis, the patient experienced aggravating pain that could not be relieved with painkillers. After he admitted to our hospital for further medical advice, he was prescribed to complete radiological examinations. Considering his radiological examination results and his medical history, correct diagnosis of lumbar osteoid osteoma was made. Surgical intervention of posterior lesion resection was conducted after diagnosis. Intra-operative frozen pathology indicated features of osteoid osteoma. As the lesion involved inferior articular process of L5, which could cause lumbar instability after lesion resection, internal fixation was conducted at L4-S1 segment, and posterolateral bone fusion was also conducted at L5-S1 segment. Three months after operation, the patient showed marked improvement of scoliosis deformity and great relief of lumbar pain. Although spine osteoid osteoma is clinically rare, it shall not be overlooked when young patients present with scoliosis first. Radiological results including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging shall be taken carefully as reference when making diagnosis. Surgical intervention of lesion resection could well improve scoliosis and relieve lumbar pain.

  11. Synovitis of the wrist joint caused by an intraarticular perforation of an osteoid osteoma of the scaphoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen Bhardwaj

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Uncommon location and atypical presentation of the osteoid osteomas of the scaphoid can pose a diagnostic challenge. Because of its intraarticular location, scaphoid osteoid osteoma can present with synovitis which is the more commonly reported presentation for other intraarticular locations like in hip and elbow and only rarely reported at the wrist. We report a case of perforation of the osteoid osteoma into the wrist joint, resulting in exuberant synovitis. The clinical significance of this report is to reinforce that synovitis can be a presentation of osteoid osteoma and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of monoarticular arthritis. Prolonged synovitis may cause damage to the other joint surfaces of the wrist and hence carpal osteoid osteoma should be considered for early surgical excision.

  12. Osteoid Osteoma of the Femoral Neck in Athletes: Two Case Reports Differentiating From Femoral Neck Stress Injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordova, Christopher B; Dembowski, Scott C; Johnson, Michael R; Combs, John J; Svoboda, Steven J

    2016-01-01

    The diagnosis of an intra-articular osteoid osteoma can be a challenging and lengthy process, with reports of delayed diagnosis of greater than 2 years. In the young, athletic patient with an atraumatic onset of groin pain, an overuse injury or muscle strain is the most likely etiology. However, an overuse injury of femoral neck stress fracture must be identified because of the potentially disastrous outcome of fracture completion. The similar clinical presentation of a femoral neck stress fracture and intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the femoral neck can further delay the diagnosis of the osteoid osteoma. In a patient with these differential diagnoses that do not improve with a period of nonweightbearing activity, a more intensive workup must ensue. The purpose of this case report is to describe the initial presentations, subsequent follow-up, and imaging findings leading to the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma as well as to differentiate an osteoid osteoma from femoral neck stress injuries.

  13. Osteoid Osteoma of Elbow: Two Case Reports and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Zarezadeh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Although osteoid osteoma is a relatively common lesion, it rarely occurs at elbow. We report two cases of osteoid osteoma of elbow in trochlea. Diagnosis was delayed because of non-specific clinical and radiological features. The two patients suffered from flexion contracture of elbow due to synovitis, while at the same time, pronation and supination remained normal. Only one of the patients complained of specific nocturnal pain. Both patients had latencies between the onset of symptoms and the appearance of radiological signs. Open surgical excision of the nidus resulted in complete relief and motion recovery in both cases. Diagnostic difficulties and treatment options are discussed below. Key words: Osteoid osteoma, Elbow, Trochlea

  14. Arthroscopic excision of acetabular osteoid osteoma in a 7-year-old patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aşık, Mehmet; Erşen, Ali; Polat, Gökhan; Bilgili, Fuat; Tunalı, Onur

    2015-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to present the case report of a 7-year-old patient who was treated with hip arthroscopy for an acetabular osteoid osteoma. A 7-year-old patient was referred to our clinic with hip pain. In the assessment of the patient, an acetabular osteoid osteoma was detected in his right hip; it was adjacent to his triradiate cartilage. An arthroscopic surgery was planned as an alternative to open safe hip dislocation. The osteoid osteoma was completely removed with hip arthroscopy. Postoperative CT scanning and histopathological analysis confirmed the diagnosis. Exposure of the acetabulum can be problematic in paediatric patients due to the potential risks of open safe dislocation. Hip arthroscopy can safely be used for benign hip lesions in paediatric patients. Level of evidence Case report, Level V.

  15. Intracortical chondroblastoma mimicking intra-articular osteoid osteoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishida, Tsuyoshi; Mukai, Kiyoshi [First Department of Pathology, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku 6-1-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8402 (Japan); Goto, Takahiro [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Motoi, Noriko [Department of Pathology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

    2002-10-01

    We report a case of intra-articular intracortical chondroblastoma of the femoral condyle which radiologically appeared to be osteoid osteoma. A 19-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of gradually increasing pain in the right knee and had been on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief. Laboratory data were within normal limits. Radiographs showed a well-demarcated lucent lesion in the medial condyle of the right femur. A nidus-like lesion with calcifications and a sclerotic rim located in the cortex was imaged by computed tomography scan. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bone marrow edema and soft tissue swelling around the lesion, with low signal intensity of the nidus-like lesion on both T1- and T2-weighted images. The lesion was excised en bloc and the histological diagnosis of chondroblastoma was made. A mild inflammatory reaction was observed in the bone marrow and synovium around the tumor. The chondroblastoma cells were shown to express cyclooxygenase-2 with immunohistochemistry. (orig.)

  16. Symptomatic resolution of spinal osteoid osteoma with conservative management: imaging correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayakumar, Prakash [The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Spinal Surgery, London (United Kingdom); The Whitehouse, Enfield, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Harish, S. [The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Nnadi, Colin; Noordeen, Hilali [The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Spinal Surgery, London (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, Asif [The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Imaging, London (United Kingdom)

    2007-06-15

    A 10-year-old girl presented with a history of painful scoliosis. Imaging performed, including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), demonstrated a lesion with radiological features consistent with an osteoid osteoma (OO) of the 6th thoracic vertebra. The patient was treated conservatively with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Over eight months of clinical and radiological surveillance, she became entirely asymptomatic and demonstrated complete resolution of the scoliotic curve. The CT and MRI features of the osteoid osteoma during the period of surveillance are presented and are correlated with the corresponding clinical features. (orig.)

  17. Arthroscopic Excision of Juxta-articular Osteoid Osteoma of the Calcaneum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauheed, Mohammed; Korula, Ravi Jacob; Shankarnarayanan, Sriram

    2016-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma of the foot is a rare condition particularly of the calcaneum. This condition is difficult to diagnose and is more difficult to treat particularly if it involves deeper part of the joints. We present an arthroscopic technique to deal with a case of juxta-articular osteoid osteoma of the calcaneum using two portals: the anterolateral portal for instrumentation and the anterior anterolateral portal for visualization of the subtalar joint. Because this approach is minimally invasive, it offers early recovery and reduced morbidity compared with the conventional techniques. PMID:27073769

  18. Osteoid osteoma and osteoid osteoma-mimicking lesions: biopsy findings, distinctive MDCT features and treatment by radiofrequency ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becce, Fabio [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Radiology B, Hopital Cochin, AP-HP, Paris (France); Theumann, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Rochette, Antoine; Campagna, Raphael; Drape, Jean-Luc; Feydy, Antoine [Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Radiology B, Hopital Cochin, AP-HP, Paris (France); Larousserie, Frederique [Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Anatomic Pathology, Hopital Cochin, AP-HP, Paris (France); Cherix, Stephane; Mouhsine, Elyazid [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Surgery, Lausanne (Switzerland); Guillou, Louis [University Institute of Pathology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne (Switzerland); Anract, Philippe [Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hopital Cochin, AP-HP, Paris (France)

    2010-10-15

    To report the biopsy findings of osteoid osteoma (OO) and OO-mimicking lesions, assess their distinctive multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features and evaluate treatment by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). In this multicentric retrospective study, 80 patients (54 male, 26 female, mean age 24.1 years, range 5-48) with presumed (clinical and MDCT features) OO were treated by percutaneous RFA between May 2002 and June 2009. Per-procedural biopsies were always performed. The following MDCT features were assessed: skeletal distribution and location within the bone, size, central calcification, surrounding osteosclerosis and periosteal reaction. Clinical success of RFA was evaluated. Histopathological diagnoses were: 54 inconclusive biopsies, 16 OO, 10 OO-mimicking lesions (5 chronic osteomyelitis, 3 chondroblastoma, 1 eosinophilic granuloma, 1 fibrous dysplasia). OO-mimicking lesions were significantly greater in size (p = 0.001) and presented non-significant trends towards medullary location (p = 0.246), moderate surrounding osteosclerosis (p = 0.189) and less periosteal reaction (p = 0.197), compared with OO. Primary success for ablation of OO-mimicking lesions was 100% at 1 month, 85.7% at 6 and 12 months, and 66.7% at 24 months. Secondary success was 100%. Larger size, medullary location, less surrounding osteosclerosis and periosteal reaction on MDCT may help differentiate OO-mimicking lesions from OO. OO-mimicking lesions are safely and successfully treated by RFA. (orig.)

  19. Intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus: a case report and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomo Hamada, MD

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus is rare and frequently misdiagnosed as arthritis because of similar symptoms. In addition, radiographic findings may be nonspecific, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI may show a bone marrow edema and changes in adjacent soft tissue. A 19-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of persistent pain and swelling in the left hind foot; diagnostic computed tomography and MRI analyses revealed lesions suggesting an intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus. Initial MRI did not show specific findings. On operation, the tumor was removed by curettage; pathologic findings demonstrated woven bone trabeculae surrounded by connective tissue, confirming the diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, MRI scans in all cases of calcaneal osteoid osteoma reported till 3 months after the injury exhibited a nidus. We believe that calcaneal osteoid osteoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients undergoing MRI 3 months after symptom presentation; early computed tomography is critical in diagnosis.

  20. Osteoid osteoma in atypical locations: The added value of dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zampa, Virna [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Roma 56, 56126 Pisa (Italy)], E-mail: virnazampa@hotmail.com; Bargellini, Irene; Ortori, Simona; Faggioni, Lorenzo; Cioni, Roberto; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Roma 56, 56126 Pisa (Italy)

    2009-09-15

    Purpose: To compare the results of dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), unenhanced MRI and computed tomography (CT), in terms of nidus conspicuity and diagnostic confidence of osteoid osteoma in atypical sites. Materials and methods: CT and MR (nonenhanced T1- and T2-weighted and dynamic MRI) images of 19 patients with histologically proven osteoid osteoma located in atypical sites were retrospectively reviewed. Time-enhancement curves of the nidus and the adjacent bone marrow were generated. Images from each technique were scored for nidus conspicuity by two independent radiologists. Another blinded radiologist was asked to assess final diagnosis of the bone lesion on MR and CT images, independently. Results: In all cases, nidus contrast uptake started in the arterial phase and was higher compared to the surrounding bone marrow. Dynamic MRI significantly increased nidus conspicuity compared to nonenhanced MRI (P < .0001) and CT (P = .04). In 6/19 (31.6%) cases nidus conspicuity was higher at dynamic MRI compared to CT. Confident diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was achieved in all patients with MRI and in 10/19 (52.6%) patients with CT. Conclusion: In patients with osteoid osteoma located in atypical sites, dynamic MRI increases nidus conspicuity, allowing confident diagnosis.

  1. CT-guided percutaneous laser photocoagulation of osteoid osteomas of the hands and feet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zouari, Leila; Bousson, Valerie; Hamze, Bassam; Roqueplan, Francois; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Hopital Lariboisiere, Service de Radiologie Osteo-Articulaire, Paris (France); Roulot, Eric [Clinique Jouvenet, Institut de la main, Paris (France)

    2008-11-15

    Percutaneous local ablation of osteoid osteoma has largely replaced surgery, except in the small bones of the hands and feet. The objective of this study was to describe the technical specificities and results of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous laser photocoagulation in 15 patients with osteoid osteomas of the hands and feet. We retrospectively examined the medical charts of the 15 patients who were treated with CT-guided percutaneous laser photocoagulation therapy at our institution between 1994 and 2004. The 15 patients had a mean age of 24.33 years. None of them had received any prior surgical or percutaneous treatment for the osteoid osteoma. The follow-up period was 24 to 96 months (mean, 49.93). The pain resolved completely within 1 week. Fourteen patients remained symptom-free throughout the follow-up period; the remaining patient experienced a recurrence of pain after 24 months, underwent a second laser photocoagulation procedure, and was symptom-free at last follow-up 45 months later. No adverse events related to the procedure or to the location of the tumor in the hand or the foot were recorded. CT-guided percutaneous laser photocoagulation is an alternative to surgery for the treatment of osteoid osteomas of the hands and feet. (orig.)

  2. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma using a novel battery-powered drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnapauff, Dirk; Streitparth, Florian; Wieners, Gero; Collettini, Federico; Hamm, Bernd; Gebauer, Bernhard [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Joehrens, Korinna [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Pathology, Berlin (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate the use of a novel battery-powered drill, enabling specimen requirement while drilling, in radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma as an alternative to conventional orthopedic drills. Between 2009 and 2013, altogether 33 patients underwent CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of an osteoid osteoma at our institution. To access the nidus of the clinically and radiologically suspected osteoid osteoma, a channel was drilled using the OnControl Bone Marrow Biopsy System (OBM, Arrow OnControl, Teleflex, Shavano Park, TX, USA) and a biopsy was taken. Procedure time (i.e., drilling including local anesthesia), amount of scans (i.e., single-shot fluoroscopy), radiation exposure, and the results of biopsy were investigated and compared retrospectively to a classical approach using either a manual bone biopsy system or a conventional orthopedic drill (n = 10) after ethical review board approval. Drilling the tract into the nidus was performed without problems in 22 of the 23 OBM cases. Median procedure time was 7 min compared to 13 min using the classical approach (p < 0.001). Median amount CT scans, performed to control correct positioning of the drill was comparable with 26 compared to 24.5 (p = NS) scans. Histologically, the diagnosis of osteoid osteomas could be determined in all 17 cases where a biopsy was taken. Radiofrequency ablation could be performed without problems in any case. The use of the battery-powered drill was feasible and facilitated the access to the osteoid osteoma's nidus offering the possibility to extract a specimen in the same step. (orig.)

  3. Enhanced treatment of osteoid osteoma by intraoperative isotopic marking: a case report; Optimisation du traitement de l'osteome osteoide par le reperage isotopique peroperatoire: a propos d'un cas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddam, A.; Bsiss, A.; Ech charraq, I.; BenRais, N. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Rabat (Morocco); Bakriga, B.; Moustain, M.R. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Traumatologie, Rabat (Morocco); Hamama, J. [Hopital Militaire Mohammad V, Service de Chirurgie Maxillofaciale, Rabat (Morocco)

    2009-06-15

    Osteoid osteomas are small-sized benign painful bony tumours. Their complete surgical ablation consists in the proper treatment. The use of a portable Gamma probe allows to accurately localize the osteoid osteoma after radiolabelling and to reduce the size of incision and the bony ablation. We report the case of a patient having benefited from an isotopic intraoperative localization of an osteoid osteoma in the left tibia. Discussion chapter includes a comprehensive review of literature. (authors)

  4. Osteoma osteoide no osso ilíaco: relato de dois casos Osteoid osteoma in the iliac bone: report on two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmano de Araújo Loures

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O osteoma osteoide é um tumor benigno do osso que se apresenta geralmente com dor noturna em adultos jovens, aliviada por repouso e salicilatos. Pode acometer qualquer osso, mas sua ocorrência no ilíaco é infrequente. Os autores descrevem dois casos de osteoma osteoide intramedular, localizado junto à articulação sacroilíaca, com sintomas que simulavam dor ciática e cujo diagnóstico se deu de forma tardia, apesar de o exame radiológico inicial mostrar lesão esclerótica em ambos os casos. O diagnóstico foi ratificado por tomografia computadorizada e o tratamento proposto foi a ressecção em bloco da lesão, com excisão do nidus. O diagnóstico definitivo foi confirmado pelo exame histopatológico. No seguimento de longo prazo, ambos estão assintomáticos e observou-se completa remodelação óssea no sítio cirúrgico. Os autores enfatizam as características típicas do tumor, a localização não usual, o diagnóstico diferencial e o tratamento.Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that generally presents with nighttime pain among young adults and is relieved by rest and salicylates. It can affect any bone, but occurrences in the iliac are unusual. The authors describe two cases of intramedullary osteoid osteoma next to the sacroiliac joint, with symptoms that simulated sciatic pain. The cases were diagnosed late, although the initial radiographs showed sclerotic lesions in both cases. The diagnosis was confirmed by means of CT scan and the nidus was excised surgically through en bloc resection. The definitive diagnosis was given by means of histopathological examination. Over long-term follow-up, both cases remained asymptomatic and complete bone remodeling at the surgical site was observed. The authors highlight the typical characteristics of the tumor, the unusual location, the differential diagnosis and the treatment.

  5. Unusual primary intraosseous meningioma, mimicking cranial osteoid osteoma: A radiological clue to the differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsuyoshi Izumo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary intraosseous meningioma of the skull is rare. We report a patient who presented with a history of an enlarging scalp mass over 30 years. Noncontrast computed tomography demonstrated a densely calcified right frontal extra-axial mass lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lesion demonstrated heterogeneous hypointensity on T1-and T2-wieghted images and without evidence of gadolinium contrast enhancement. And the mass showed heterogeneous isointensity on diffusion weighted image. Preoperative diagnosis for the lesion was osteoid osteoma of the right frontoparietal bone, and total excision of the tumor was carried out. Histological examination showed intraosseous meningothelial meningioma. We should be aware of the primary intraosseous meningioma showing the classical radiological findings of cranial osteoid osteoma. The radiological clue for the accurate diagnosis is discussed.

  6. ''Beaded'' osteoid osteoma: a possible transition between solitary and multicentric tumor

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    Chiou, Yi-You [Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 201 Sec. 2 Shih-Pai Road, 11217, Taipei (Taiwan); Rosenthal, Daniel I. [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Rosenberg, Andrew E. [Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114 (United States)

    2003-07-01

    An extremely rare example of an elongated (3 cm) osteoid osteoma is presented. The tumor demonstrated three focal enlargements connected by narrow areas, suggesting a ''string of beads'' in appearance. The elongated shape suggested the possibility that lesional tissue was stretched in a longitudinal fashion as a result of the rapid skeletal growth. The tumor closest to the growth plate was densely ossified, while the furthest lesion was almost completely lytic, suggesting that the tumor enlarged in a centripetal direction. This case is believed to illustrate a continuum from solitary to multicentric osteoid osteoma. The tumor was treated successfully with three separate percutaneous radiofrequency ablations during a single session. (orig.)

  7. {sup 99m}Tc-MDP pinhole bone scintigraphic feature of fibrovascular zone: a new diagnostic sign of osteoid osteoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahk, Yong Whee [Sung Ae Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Hoon; Choi, Yeong Jin [Catholic University Medical School, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-02-15

    Osteoid osteoma is a common benign tumor. Histologically, the tumor is characterized by the presence of the nidus, fibrovascular zone (FVZ) and reactive host bone scleroses of various intensities. A nidus consists of core meshwork of osteoid trabeculae, woven bone and osteoblastic rim and a FVZ, 1-2 mm rim, is composed of loose fibrovascular tissue and nerve fibers. The nidus and FVZ are readily identifiable on pathological specimen and CT when sclerosis is not too extensive. Recently on pinhole bone scan, we observed a peculiar rim sign that denoted FVZ in a patient with pathologically proven osteoid osteoma. Not previously described the sign appears to be pathognomonic of osteoid osteoma, uniquely providing metabolic information. The finding was correlated with that of radiography, CT and MRI and low power light microscopy.

  8. Pediatric Percutaneous Osteoid Osteoma Ablation: Cone-Beam CT with Fluoroscopic Overlay Versus Conventional CT Guidance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Brandon C; Monroe, Eric J; McKay, Tyler; Kanal, Kalpana M; Shivaram, Giridhar

    2017-05-11

    To compare technical success, clinical success, complications, radiation dose, and total room utilization time for osteoid osteoma thermal (radiofrequency or microwave) ablation using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with two-axis fluoroscopic navigational overlay versus conventional computed tomography (CT) guidance. A retrospective review was performed to identify all osteoid osteoma ablations performed over a 5.5-year period at a single tertiary care pediatric hospital. Twenty-five ablations (15 radiofrequency and 10 microwave) in 23 patients undergoing fluoroscopic CBCT-guided osteoid osteoma ablation were compared to 35 ablations (35 radiofrequency) in 32 patients undergoing ablation via conventional CT guidance. Dose area product and dose length product were recorded for CBCT and conventional CT, respectively, and converted to effective doses. Technical success, clinical success (cessation of pain and medication use 1 month after ablation), complications, radiation dose, and total room utilization time were compared. All procedures were technically successful. Twenty-two of 25 (88.0%) CBCT and 31 of 35 (88.6%) conventional CT-guided ablations achieved immediate clinical success. There were two minor complications in each group and no major complications. Mean effective radiation dose was significantly lower for CBCT compared to CT guidance (0.12 vs. 0.39 mSv, p = 0.02). Mean total room utilization time for CBCT was longer (133.5 vs. 97.5 min, p = 0.0001). Fluoroscopic CBCT guidance for percutaneous osteoid osteoma ablation yields similar technical and clinical success, reduced radiation dose, and increased total room utilization time compared to conventional CT guidance.

  9. Radiofrequency ablation of a cervical osteoid osteoma: a trans-thyroid approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutphen, Sean A.; Murakami, James W. [Columbus Children' s Hospital, Children' s Radiological Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

    2007-01-15

    We present a 16-year-old girl with an osteoid osteoma in the vertebral body of C5. Given the difficulty of surgically treating the lesion, radiofrequency ablation was used. Percutaneous needle access to this lesion in the anterior aspect of the cervical vertebral body was limited by the many critical adjacent structures. We present our successful treatment of this lesion utilizing a transthyroid needle approach. (orig.)

  10. Osteoid osteoma of the spine: CT-guided monopolar radiofrequency ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martel, Jose [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: jmartel@fhalcorcon.es; Bueno, Angel [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain); Nieto-Morales, M Luisa [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Universitario de Tenerife (Spain); Ortiz, Eduardo J. [Departamento de Cirugia Ortopedica, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)

    2009-09-15

    CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and laser photocoagulation have become the methods of choice for the treatment of all osteoid osteomas except those in contact with neural structures. We report 10 patients with spinal osteoid osteoma adjacent to the neural elements treated with 12 sessions of CT-guided monopolar radiofrequency ablation. The size range of the lesion was 3-14 mm (mean, 7.5 mm) and the distance between the nidus and the adjacent spinal cord or nerve root was 2-12 mm (mean, 5 mm). No intact cortex between the tumor and the spinal cord or nerve roots constituted an exclusion criterion because of a higher risk of undesirable neurotoxic effects. Patients were under general anesthesia. After location of the lesion, a 11G-bone biopsy was introduced into the nidus. The radiofrequency electrode was inserted through the biopsy needle and heated at 90 deg. C for 4 min. Primary success was obtained in eight patients. At follow-up (mean, 19.5 months; range, 6-24 months), pain persisted in two patients after 2 months. Both of them were re-treated. All patients are currently pain-free and complications were not detected. In our opinion, radiofrequency ablation can also be considered the treatment of choice for spinal osteoid osteoma.

  11. Percutaneous radiofrequency treatment of osteoid osteoma using cool-tip electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martel, Jose [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Avda. de Budapest s/n, 28922 Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail: jmartel@fhalcorcon.es; Bueno, Angel [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Avda. de Budapest s/n, 28922 Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain); Ortiz, Eduardo [Departamento de Cirugia ortopedica, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)

    2005-12-15

    Objectives: To report our experience with percutaneous cool-tip radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteomas and to evaluate clinical outcome. Methods and material: Forty-one patients with clinically and radiologically suspected osteoid osteoma were seen over a 48-month period (27 males and 14 females with a mean age of 18.7 years; range 5-43 years). Thirty-eight patients were treated by computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The procedure was performed under regional or general anaesthesia. After location of the nidus, a 14G-bone biopsy needle is introduced into the nidus. Sampling is performed with a 17G-bone biopsy needle using a coaxial technique. The radiofrequency needle with a 10 mm active tip (cool-tip) is inserted through the biopsy needle and is connected to the radiofrequency generator for 6-8 min. Results: Primary success was obtained in 37 patients (97%) with a 100% secondary success rate. All patients are currently pain-free. No major complications occurred. Patients could resume unrestricted normal activity within 24 h. Conclusions: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteomas is an efficient and safe method that can be considered the procedure of choice for most cases.

  12. A Misguiding Osteoid Osteoma in the Bicipital Tuberosity of the Radius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, Nikolaos; Theodoroudis, Ioannis; Pinto, Iosafat; Christodoulou, Anastasios

    2016-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that appears most frequently in young patients. It is more common in males and it concerns mostly the long bones of the lower limb. A 20-year-old young woman presented to our outpatient department with pain in her left elbow. The symptoms began four years ago. At first, her symptoms were attributed to ulnar neuritis, confirmed by nerve conduction studies. In the following two years, she had undergone two surgical operations for decompression of the ulnar nerve. As a result, she reported poor results, which forced her to take frequently anti-inflammatory drugs for some years. When the patient presented to us, we planned a three-phase bone scan and an elbow MRI, which revealed the lesion. Based on the image findings of osteoid osteoma, we proceeded to the surgical removal of the tumor. Since then, the patient is pain-free and has a full range of motion of the affected elbow. Osteoid osteoma usually mimics multiple pathologies in the upper limb especially joint disease posing a challenge for the physician. The diagnosis requires high index of suspicion and a prompt diagnostic and surgical management. PMID:27493816

  13. A Misguiding Osteoid Osteoma in the Bicipital Tuberosity of the Radius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Ditsios

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that appears most frequently in young patients. It is more common in males and it concerns mostly the long bones of the lower limb. A 20-year-old young woman presented to our outpatient department with pain in her left elbow. The symptoms began four years ago. At first, her symptoms were attributed to ulnar neuritis, confirmed by nerve conduction studies. In the following two years, she had undergone two surgical operations for decompression of the ulnar nerve. As a result, she reported poor results, which forced her to take frequently anti-inflammatory drugs for some years. When the patient presented to us, we planned a three-phase bone scan and an elbow MRI, which revealed the lesion. Based on the image findings of osteoid osteoma, we proceeded to the surgical removal of the tumor. Since then, the patient is pain-free and has a full range of motion of the affected elbow. Osteoid osteoma usually mimics multiple pathologies in the upper limb especially joint disease posing a challenge for the physician. The diagnosis requires high index of suspicion and a prompt diagnostic and surgical management.

  14. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteomas. Technique and results; Perkutane Radiofrequenzablation von Osteoidosteomen. Technik und Ergebnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruners, P.; Penzkofer, T. [Lehrstuhl fuer Angewandte Medizintechnik, Helmholtz Inst. fuer Biomedizinische Technik, RWTH Aachen (Germany); Guenther, R. W.; Mahnken, A. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Universitaetsklinikum RWTH Aachen (Germany)

    2009-08-15

    Purpose: Osteoid osteoma is a benign primary bone tumor that typically occurs in children and young adults. Besides local pain, which is often worse at night, prompt relief due to medication with acetylsalicylic acid (ASS) is characteristic for this bone lesion. Because long-term medication with ASS does not represent an alternative treatment strategy due to its potentially severe side effects, different minimally invasive image-guided techniques for the therapy of osteoid osteoma have been developed. In this context radiofrequency (RF) ablation in particular has become part of the clinical routine. The technique and results of image-guided RF ablation are compared to alternative treatment strategies. Materials and Methods: Using this technique, an often needle-shaped RF applicator is percutaneously placed into the tumor under image guidance. Then a high-frequency alternating current is applied by the tip of the applicator which leads to ionic motion within the tissue resulting in local heat development and thus in thermal destruction of the surrounding tissue including the tumor. Results: The published primary and secondary success rates of this technique are 87 and 83%, respectively. Surgical resection and open curettage show comparable success rates but are associated with higher complication rates. In addition image-guided RF ablation of osteoid osteomas is associated with low costs. (orig.)

  15. Combined dynamic contrast-enhancement and serial 3D-subtraction analysis in magnetic resonance imaging of osteoid osteomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalle, T. von; Winkler, P. [Klinikum Stuttgart Olgahospital, Department of Paediatric Radiology, Stuttgart (Germany); Langendoerfer, M.; Fernandez, F.F. [Klinikum Stuttgart Olgahospital, Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2009-10-15

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively correlate the results of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with histological and clinical diagnoses in patients with osteoid osteomas. Fifty-four patients with the MR diagnosis of osteoid osteoma were studied. MRI (1.5 Tesla) consisted of thin-section STIR sequences, dynamic 3D T1 gradient echo sequences during application of contrast material, and high-resolution postcontrast T1 spin echo sequences with fat saturation (maximum voxel size 0.6 x 0.6 x 3.0 mm). Evaluation was focused on serial image subtraction during the early phase after contrast injection and on time-intensity curves. The surrounding edema was helpful in finding the nidus in each lesion. In 49 of 54 patients (90.7%), the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma was certain or highly probable (sensitivity 1.0, positive predictive value 0.91). A total of 38 of 54 osteoid osteomas were histologically proven. Five MRI diagnoses were regarded as false positives. A similar proportion has been reported for computed tomography. Tailored high-resolution MR examinations with dynamic contrast enhancement can reliably diagnose osteoid osteomas and exactly localize the nidus without radiation exposure. We propose a stepwise approach with STIR sequences, dynamic contrast-enhanced scanning, and high-resolution postcontrast T1 spin echo sequences with fat saturation. (orig.)

  16. Dynamic MR imaging of osteoid osteomas: correlation of semiquantitative and quantitative perfusion parameters with patient symptoms and treatment outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teixeira, Pedro A.G. [Service D' imagerie Guilloz, CHU, Nancy (France); Universite de Lorraine, IADI, UMR S 947, Nancy (France); Pedro Augusto Gondim Teixeira, Jarville-la-Malgrange (France); Chanson, Anne; Lecocq, Sophie; Louis, Matthias [Service D' imagerie Guilloz, CHU, Nancy (France); Beaumont, Marine [Universite de Lorraine, IADI, UMR S 947, Nancy (France); Marie, Beatrice [Service d' anatomo-pathologie, CHU, Nancy (France); Sirveaux, Francois [Service de Chirurgie Traumatologique et Orthopedique, Centre Chirurgical Emile Galle, Nancy (France); Blum, Alain [Service D' imagerie Guilloz, CHU, Nancy (France); Universite de Lorraine, IADI, UMR S 947, Nancy (France)

    2013-09-15

    To evaluate the relationship between multiple MR perfusion parameters and symptoms of patients with osteoid osteomas after percutaneous laser therapy. MR perfusion studies of 20 patients diagnosed with an osteoid osteoma, treated with CT-guided percutaneous laser therapy, were retrospectively evaluated. Multiple perfusion parameters correlated with the treatment outcome and the presence of osteoid osteoma-related symptoms. There were 16 successful treatments, 6 recurrences and a significant difference in the perfusion parameters of these groups (P < 0.0001). Patients with successful treatment demonstrated delayed progressive enhancement or no enhancement (mean time to peak = 182 s, mean delay to the arterial peak = 119.3 s). Patients with treatment failure demonstrated an early and steep enhancement (mean time to peak = 78 s and mean delay to the arterial peak = 24 s). Plasmatic volume and transfer constant values significantly changed after successful treatment (P < 0.008). MR perfusion has a sensitivity and a specificity higher than 90 % in the detection of recurrent osteoid osteomas. The identification of an early and steep enhancement with short time to peak and a short delay between the arterial and nidus peaks on MR perfusion in the postoperative setting is highly indicative of an osteoid osteoma recurrence. (orig.)

  17. Osteoid osteoma: our experience using radio-frequency (RF) treatment; L'osteoma osteoide: nostra esperienza nel trattamento mediante radiofrequenza (RF)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mastrantuono, Donato; Martorano, Domenico; Verna, Valter; Mancini, Andrea; Faletti, Carlo [U.O.A. di Radiologia Diagnostica C.T.O., Torino (Italy). Dipartimento di Diagnostica per Immagini

    2005-03-01

    Purpose: To present the results of two years experience with a minimally invasive radio-frequency technique designed by our team in the treatment of osteoid osteoma. Materials and methods: A total of 21 osteoid osteoma patients (15 males, 6 females, age ranged 13 to 34 yrs) were treated between January 2001 and April 2003. Localization of the osteoid osteoma were the pelvis (n=1), the femur (n=12), the tibia (n=3), the foot (n=3), and the humerus (n=2). All patients underwent an X-ray examination, a CT scan and a bone Scintiscan. In the initial phase, a K-wire just slightly larger than the 17G needle electrode is positioned manually at the zenith of the target area under CT guidance and using an orthopaedic drill it is inserted at the centre of the nidus. A tailor-made metal sheath is inserted on the K-wire to create a tunnel through which the needle electrode can substitute the K-wire; at the same time, the electrode needle is positioned inside the lesion. The temperature of the exposed tip of the needle in 90{sup o} C and duration of hyperthermia is 6 minutes on average. Once the procedure has been completed, a scan os performed to measure the density of treated site and this measurement is then used as an evolution index for the evaluation of the healing process during follow-up. Results: No serious complications were observed at follow-up. General anaesthesia was only required in the case with hip involvement; peripheral anaesthesia was used in all the other cases. Complete resolution of the pain was reported in all cases after a maximum of three week. Discussion and conclusions: After two years experience, we believe percutaneous RF treatment of osteoid osteoma to be the first choice technique when compared to traditional surgery due to the fact that it is almost non-invasive, quick, repeatable if need be and offers a high reduction in costs. Moreover early weight bearing is the norm and the patient is dismissed after only one day of hospitalization. The

  18. Osteoblastomatosis of bone. A benign, multifocal osteoblastic lesion, distinct from osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, radiologically simulating a vascular tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyriakos, Michael [Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Surgical Pathology, Campus Box 8118, St. Louis, MO (United States); El-Khoury, Georges Y. [University of Iowa, Department of Radiology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); McDonald, Douglas J. [Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Louis, MO (United States); Buckwalter, Joseph A. [University of Iowa, Department of Orthopaedics, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); Sundaram, Murali [Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); DeYoung, Barry [University of Iowa, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); O' Brien, Michael P. [University of Wisconsin Hospital, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States)

    2007-03-15

    Two adult patients are described with multifocal osteolytic lesions radiologically simulating a vascular tumor. One patient had multiple bones involved. Histologically, the individual lesions had the features of the nidus of osteoid osteoma/osteoblastoma. A review of the English language medical literature yielded only one other reported case with similar features. The process is designated as osteoblastomatosis to indicate its bone-forming character, prominent osteoblast proliferation, and multiplicity. The cases are distinguished from multifocal/multicentric osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, and from benign and malignant vascular tumors. (orig.)

  19. CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of osteoid osteoma in children: an initial study

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    Wu, Bin; Xiao, Yue-Yong; Zhang, Xiao [Chinese PLA General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Beijing (China); Zhao, Lei [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Carrino, John A. [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2011-10-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation for osteoid osteoma in children. This study was approved by the institutional ethics committee. From January 2007 to July 2008, six children (four boys, two girls, mean age 12.6 years old) with osteoid osteoma were treated with CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation. The procedures were carried out under conscious sedation and local anesthesia. CT guidance was used for procedural planning, instrument guidance, and monitoring. An argon-based cryoablation system was used. Each cryoablation included two freezing-thawing cycles. Follow-up was performed to assess technical and clinical outcome for a minimum of 12 months. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess severity of pain pre- and post-procedure, and mean VAS for the group was compared pre- and post-procedure with a t-test. The mean clinical follow-up period was 28.7 months (ranging from 18 to 36 months). Cryoablation was technically and clinically successful for all patients. No major immediate or delayed complications were observed. Significant pain relief (P <0.05) was observed in all patients after operation. Mean VAS were 6.57 {+-} 0.55 pre-procedure and 0.57 {+-} 0.10 1 month post-procedure. Patients were allowed to fully bear their weight and function without limitation within 3 days after the procedure. Pain recurrence was not observed in any patient. Percutaneous cryoablation is safe and effective for the treatment of osteoid osteomas in children. Notably, this procedure can be accomplished without general anesthesia. (orig.)

  20. Percutaneous osteoid osteoma treatment with combination of radiofrequency and alcohol ablation

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    Akhlaghpoor, S. [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)]. E-mail: akhlaghpoor@nmri-ir.com; Tomasian, A. [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Arjmand Shabestari, A. [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ebrahimi, M. [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Alinaghizadeh, M.R. [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2007-03-15

    Aim: To assess the efficacy of percutaneous osteoid osteoma treatment using a combination of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and alcohol ablation with regard to technical and long-term clinical success. Materials and methods: From December 2001 to November 2004, RFA and subsequent alcohol ablation was performed on 54 patients with osteoid osteoma, diagnosed clinically using radiography, computed tomography (CT) and symptoms. Under general anaesthesia, treatment was performed via percutaneous access under thin section (2 mm) spiral CT guidance in all cases with an 11 G radiofrequency-compatible coaxial needle and 2 mm coaxial drill system and 1.0 cm active tip 17 G non-cooled radiofrequency needle. RFA was performed at 90 {sup o}C for a period of 6 min. After needle removal, 0.5-1.0 ml absolute alcohol (99.8% concentration) was injected directly into the nidus using a 20 G needle. Patients were discharged within 24 h and followed up clinically (at 1 week, 1 month and every 3 months thereafter). Results: The technical success rate was 100%. Complications occurred in two patients consisting of local mild cellulitis in entry site and peripheral small zone paresthesia on the anterior part of leg. The follow-up period range was 13-48 months (mean {+-} SD, 28.2 {+-} 7.4 months). Prompt pain relief and return to normal activities were observed in 52 of 54 patients. Recurrent pain occurred in two patients after a 1 and 3 months period of being pain free, respectively; a second RFA and alcohol ablation was performed achieving successful results. Primary and secondary clinical success rates were 96.3% (52/54 patients) and 100% (2/2 patients), respectively. Conclusion: Percutaneous osteoid osteoma treatment with combination of radiofrequency and alcohol ablation is safe, effective and minimally invasive with high primary and secondary success rates. Persistent or recurrent lesions can be effectively re-treated.

  1. Osteoid osteoma treated with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation: MR imaging follow-up

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    Lee, Min Hee [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 108 Pyung-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul 110-746 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: min.h.lee@samsung.com; Ahn, Joong Mo; Chung, Hye Won; Lim, Hyo K.; Suh, Jae Gon; Kwag, Hyon Joo; Hong, Hyun Pyo; Kim, Byung Moon [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 108 Pyung-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul 110-746 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    Purpose: We evaluated follow-up magnetic resonance (MR) images for osteoid osteoma treated with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Materials and methods: Sixteen patients with osteoid osteoma treated with RFA underwent follow-up MR imaging. The protocol included T1, T2 and contrast-enhanced (CE) T1-weighted images with fat saturation at each visit immediately for 17 months after the treatment. MR images were jointly reviewed by two radiologists, regarding the appearance of treated areas, presence of complications, and the best sequence for visualization of signal intensity (SI) changes. The therapeutic response was evaluated to be a clinical success with the relief of pain. Results: The treated areas had a target-like appearance on MR images: a central ablated zone (Z1) surrounded by a band (Z2), and a peripheral area (Z3). Z1 was a non-enhancing, hypointense core on T1, T2WI. Z2 was a well-enhancing, hyperintense rim on T2WI. Z3 was less hyperintense and less enhanced than Z2. All nidi were within Z1. This appearance became evident from 1 week to 1 and 2 months. Following up after 2 months, Z2 showed progressive inward enhancement from the periphery, resulting in almost complete enhancement of Z1 and Z2 with a diminishing size. Z3 gradually showed a decrease in signal change and enhancement. No complications were found. CE-T1WI was the best for visualizing SI changes. The clinical success was achieved in all patients except for one patient with a recurrence at 17 months following treatment that had a second ablation. Conclusion: MR imaging demonstrated a characteristic appearance and subsequent changes of treated areas for osteoid osteoma following RFA.

  2. Therapeutic outcome of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation in patients with osteoid osteoma

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    Lassalle, Louis; Campagna, R.; Corcos, G.; Feydy, A. [Hopital Cochin-APHP Paris Universite Paris Descartes, Service de Radiologie Osteo-Articulaire, Paris (France); Babinet, A. [Hopital Cochin-APHP Paris Universite Paris Descartes, Service de Chirurgie Orthopedique, Paris (France); Larousserie, F. [Hopital Cochin-APHP Paris Universite Paris Descartes, Service d' Anatomo-Pathologie, Paris (France); Stephanazzi, J. [Hopital Cochin-APHP Paris Universite Paris Descartes, Service d' Anesthesie, Paris (France)

    2017-07-15

    To assess the long-term outcome of computed tomography-guided radiofrequency ablation (CT-guided RFA) in patients with suspected osteoid osteoma (OO). Single-center retrospective study. Patients with clinical suspicion and imaging diagnosis of osteoid osteoma were treated by CT-guided RFA using the same device with either a 7- or 10-mm active tip electrode. Specific precautions were applied in case of articular or spinal OO. Patients were contacted by phone to evaluate the long-term outcome in terms of pain, ability to perform daily activities (including sports), and long-term complications. Success was defined as the absence of residual pain and ability to perform daily activities normally. From 2008 to 2015, 126 patients were treated by CT-guided RFA for OO in our institution. Mean patient age was 26.1 years (SD = 11, range 1-53); mean delay to diagnosis was 16.9 months (SD = 15.2, range 1-120). Among patients who answered the follow-up call (n = 88), the overall success rate was 94.3%: 79/88 (89.8%) had primary success of the procedure, and 4/88 (4.5%) had a secondary success (repeat-RFA after pain recurrence). Mean follow-up time was 34.6 months (SD = 24.7, range 3-90). Few complications occurred: two mild reversible peripheral nerve injuries, one brachial plexus neuropathy, one broken electrode tip fragment, and one muscular hematoma. Osteoid osteoma can be effectively and safely treated by CT-guided RFA using the presented ablation protocol. Beneficial effects of the treatment persist at long-term follow-up. (orig.)

  3. Osteoid Osteoma with a Multicentric Nidus: Interstitial Laser Ablation under MRI Guidance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Kaul

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma (OO is a common benign tumor of the bone and is typically treated by thermal ablation with computed tomography (CT guidance. Only a few cases of multicentric OO have been described. We here report the case of an 11-year-old boy with multicentric OO of the right femur treated with laser ablation under open high-field MRI guidance. The steps of the interventional MRI procedure are described, discussing the benefits and disadvantages of MRI versus CT guidance especially with regard to younger patients.

  4. Unrecognized osteoid osteoma of the proximal femur with associated cam impingement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ly, Justin A.; Coleman, Erin M.; Cohen, Gary S.; Kropf, Eric J.

    2016-01-01

    Femoro-acetabular impingement is a common cause of hip pain in young athletes. Evaluation typically includes radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. It is important to appreciate uncommon diagnoses and the role of complimentary imaging. This clinical vignette emphasizes the need complete imaging with CT in select case of atypical hip pain. We present a 19-year old soccer player who underwent seemingly successful arthroscopic FAI surgery but returned with pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed osteoid osteoma of the lesser trochanter. The lesion was successfully treated with percutaneous CT guided radiofrequency ablation. PMID:27583164

  5. Laser Guidance in C-Arm Cone-Beam CT-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma Reduces Fluoroscopy Time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroes, M.W.; Busser, W.M.H.; Hoogeveen, Y.L.; Lange, F. de; Schultze Kool, L.J.

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: To assess whether laser guidance can reduce fluoroscopy and procedure time of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablations of osteoid osteoma compared to freehand CBCT guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 32 RF ablations were retrospectively analyzed, 17

  6. MR imaging-guided laser ablation of osteoid osteomas with use of optical instrument guidance at 0.23 T

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sequeiros, Roberto Blanco; Jyrkinen, Lasse; Ojala, Risto; Klemola, Rauli; Tervonen, Osmo [Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, PL 50, 90029, Oulu (Finland); Hyvoenen, Pekka [Department of Orthopedics and Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, PL 50, 90029, Oulu (Finland); Sequeiros, Alberto Blanco [Finnish Meteorological Institute, Rovaniemi (Finland); Vaara, Teuvo [Philips Medical Systems MR Technologies Finland Inc., Vantaa (Finland)

    2003-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and features of low-field MR imaging in performing interstitial laser ablation of osteoid osteomas. Between September 2001 and April 2002, five consecutive patients with clinical and imaging findings suggesting osteoid osteoma and referred for removal of osteoid osteoma were treated with interstitial laser treatment. A low-field open-configuration MRI scanner (0.23 T, Outlook Proview, Philips Medical Systems, Finland) with optical instrument guidance hardware and software was used. Laser device used was of ND-Yag type (Fibertom medilas, Dornier Medizin Technik, Germany). A bare laser fiber (Dornier Medizin Technik, Germany) with a diameter of 400 {mu}m was used. Completely balanced steady-state (CBASS; true fast imaging with steady precession) imaging was used for lesion localization, instrument guidance, and thermal monitoring. A 14-G (Cook Medical, USA) bone biopsy drill was used for initial approach. Laser treatment was conducted through the biopsy canal. All the lesions were successfully localized, targeted, and treated under MRI guidance. All the patients were symptom free 3 weeks and 3 months after the treatment. There was one recurrence reported during follow-up (6 months). The MRI-guided percutaneous interstitial laser ablation of osteoid osteomas seems to be a feasible treatment mode. (orig.)

  7. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas with concomitant perineural and epidural irrigation for neuroprotection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klass, Darren [Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Norwich (United Kingdom); Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Radiology Academy, Cotman Centre, Norwich (United Kingdom); Marshall, Tom; Toms, Andoni [Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Norwich (United Kingdom)

    2009-09-15

    Here we report our experience of a neuroprotective adaptation of the technique of CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas. Over 9 years seven patients underwent eight CT-guided RF treatments for osteoid osteoma. CT-guided RF ablation was performed with general anaesthesia. The lesion was heated to 90 C for 2 min for two cycles by using a Cosman SMK TC-10 RF electrode. This was preceded by a bolus of room temperature sterile water (10 ml) injected through a 26G curved spinal needle into the exit foramen and adjacent epidural space for neuroprotection. The age of the patient, sex, lesion location, biopsy results and complications were recorded. All the biopsies (n = 7) demonstrated histological features of osteoid osteoma. All the procedures were technically successful. Clinical success was assessed up to 3 years post procedure. There was an 85% clinical success rate (6 of the 7 patients), with recurrence of a lesion at 6 months, necessitating a repeat procedure (successful). CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma preceded by bolus of sterile water, injected through a spinal needle into the exit foramen and adjacent epidural space for neuroprotection, is a safe and effective procedure. (orig.)

  8. Osteoid osteoma as an unusual cause of wrist pain – A case report and review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajeev, Aysha; Ali, Mohammed; Ralte, Angela; Chakaravathy, Jaganath

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Wrist pain is very common and there are several causes for this condition. It is extremely important to establish an accurate diagnosis so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE We describe a case of a young man who presented to us with wrist pain of insidious onset. He had previous (ganglion) excision from the same wrist. Clinically there was tenderness in the base of second metacarpal with no swelling. The radiograph and MRI scan were suggestive of Brodie's abscess. But surgical exploration and subsequent histopathology showed evidence of osteoid osteoma. The patient had full resolution of symptoms after 3 months of surgery. DISCUSSION Osteoid osteoma of the wrist bones is rare. They usually present with atypical pain. The diagnosis of osteoid osteoma is challenging and often missed. A high index of suspicion and appropriate investigations are essential in the diagnosis. CONCLUSION We conclude that the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma should be considered in case of wrist pain of unknown aetiology with cystic lesions in the carpal or metacarpal bones. PMID:25460430

  9. Treatment of osteoid osteoma in the vertebral body of the lumbar spine by radiofrequency ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cristante, Alexandre Fogaca; Barros Filho, Tarcisio; Oliveira, Reginaldo Perilo de; Babrabrini, Almir F.; Teixeira, William G.J. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Inst. de Ortopedia e Traumatologia]. E-mail: aacristante@uol.com.br

    2007-07-01

    A case of Osteoid osteoma, a rare bone tumor, is studied in a 44-year-old female patient. Scintigraphy using Tc{sup 99m} demonstrated increased uptake on the left side of the vertebral body of the fourth vertebra. Computed tomography of the lumbar spine revealed an area of hypoattenuation surrounded by an area of hyperattenuation (bone sclerosis), suggestive of an osteogenic tumor . Complementary examination using MRI demonstrated a signal alteration of 1 cm diameter in the vertebral body of the fourth lumbar vertebra, surrounded by an area of signal compatible with bone edema. The anamnesis data, physical evaluation, and complementary examinations suggested the presence of osteoid osteoma in the vertical body of the fourth lumbar vertebra. A tomography-guided biopsy was performed, and material was collected for cultures, pathological studies in paraffin, and fast freezing (in print). Pathological study of frozen sections ruled out the presence of neoplastic cells. At the same time, minimally invasive destruction of the tumor was performed through a pedicullar approach, via a radiofrequency probe. One year after the procedure, computed tomography did not demonstrate any tumor, and the patient did not report any lumbar pain. (MAC)

  10. Treatment of osteoid osteoma with CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermoablation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Palma, Luigi; Candelari, Roberto; Antico, Ettore; Politano, Rocco; Luniew, Eugenio; Giordanengo, Maurizio; Di Giansante, Silvio; Marinelli, Mario; Paci, Enrico

    2013-05-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor with a male predominance occurring mainly in children and young adults. The most common symptom is intermittent pain that worsens at night and is at least partially relieved by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term effectiveness of computed tomography-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermoablation in patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Twenty patients with osteoid osteoma (15 men and 5 women) with a mean age of 20.7 years (range, 4-61 years; 12 patients aged 20 years or younger) underwent computed tomography-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermoablation. Lesion sites were the femur (n=9), tibia (n=7), pelvis (n=1), talus (n=1), cuneiform bone (n=1), and humerus (n=1). Mean follow-up was 44 months (range, 3-106 months). Pain relief was significant in 95% of patients; it disappeared within 24 hours in 14 patients, within 3 days in 4, and within 7 days in 1. The patient with persistent symptoms underwent another percutaneous radiofrequency thermoablation procedure that was successful. The difference between pre- and postoperative pain was significant (P ≤ .01). No recurrences occurred. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermoablation is a safe, minimally invasive, and economical procedure with high technical and clinical success rates, and it effectively and durably enhances quality of life.

  11. Radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of osteoid osteoma: results and complications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Earhart, Jeffrey [Case Western Reserve University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH (United States); Wellman, David [Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York, NY (United States); Donaldson, James [Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Department of Medical Imaging, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children' s Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Chesterton, Julie [Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children' s Hospital of Chicago, Department of Medical Imaging, Chicago, IL (United States); King, Erik [Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children' s Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Janicki, Joseph A. [Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children' s Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children' s Hospital of Chicago, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2013-07-15

    Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for treatment of osteoid osteoma is effective and avoids the potential complications of open surgical resection. This study evaluates the efficacy of RFA at a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital and highlights an important complication. The medical records of 21 cases of RFA in 21 children between 2004 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively for demographic data, lesion site, access point and technique for ablation, clinical outcome and complications. Clinical follow-up was available for 17/21 children (81%) at an average of 17.0 months (range 0.5-86.1 months). No persistence or recurrence of pre-procedural pain was noted. Two children (9.5%) had a complication, including a burn to the local skin and muscle requiring local wound care, and a late subtrochanteric femur fracture treated successfully with open reduction internal fixation. RFA is a safe and effective alternative to surgical resection of the osteoid osteoma nidus. When accessing the proximal femur, the risk of late post-procedural fracture must be considered and discussed with the family. An understanding of biomechanical principles in the proximal femur might provide an effective strategy for limiting this risk. (orig.)

  12. Cost comparison of low-field (0.23 T) MRI-guided laser ablation and surgery in the treatment of osteoid osteoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronkainen, J.; Blanco Sequeiros, R.; Tervonen, O. [Oulu University Hospital, Department of Radiology, P.O. Box 50, Oulu (Finland)

    2006-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the costs of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided laser ablation and to compare them with the costs of surgery in the treatment of osteoid osteoma. Seven patients with osteoid osteoma were treated with MRI-guided interstitial laser ablation during 1 year. The reference material consisted of six patients whose osteoid osteoma was treated surgically by either superficial or deep excision with metallic fixation. The costs were analyzed by using activity-based cost accounting. The mean cost of the MRI-guided laser ablation was 2,392 euros and of the excision of superficially located osteoid osteoma 1,807 euros. The cost of excision of deeply located osteoma with metallic fixation was considerably higher (4,996 euros). This was due to the higher material, personnel, and ward costs. The cost of MRI-guided laser ablation of osteoid osteoma was higher than the cost of surgical excision of a superficial osteoma but considerably lower than the cost of excision of a deeply located osteoma where metallic fixation was needed. When the number and mean cost of sick days or days of restricted weight bearing were also included, the cost of MRI-guided laser ablation was lower than the costs of either superficial or deep excision. (orig.)

  13. MR imaging assessment of juxta cortical edema in osteoid osteoma in 28 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogues, P.; Marti-Bonmati, L.; Saborido, M.C.; Dosda, R. [Department of Radiology, Hospital Dr. Peset, Valencia (Spain); Aparisi, F.; Garci, J. [Department of Radiology, Hospital Rehabilitacion La Fe, Valencia (Spain)

    1998-03-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign skeletal neoplasm. Twenty-eight patients with proven OO were studied with MRI regarding soft tissue involvement which was diagnosed when high proton-density and T2-weighted signal intensity and low signal intensity on T1-weighted images were found close to bone. Most tumors were located in the femur and tibia; 6 cases diaphyseal, 12 metaphyso-diaphyseal, and 10 epiphyseal. In relation to the cortex, 15 were located centrally or in its outer margin. Soft tissue involvement was found in 15 patients (53.6 %). A statistical relationship was found between soft tissue involvement and the tumor`s location with regard to the cortex, being more frequent in peripherally located tumors. Therefore, soft tissue involvement is a frequent finding in peripherally located OO. (orig.) With 2 figs., 1 tab., 6 refs.

  14. Osteoid osteoma (OO of the coracoid: a case report of arthroscopic excision and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goyal Saumitra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma (OO of the coracoid is a rare entity that may present with variable symptoms from shoulder leading to delay in diagnosis and treatment. We present the clinical and radiological findings and management of one such case along with a review of similar cases reported in the literature. There was a delay of 2 years in diagnosis, which was later confirmed by computed tomography in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. The lesion was accessed arthroscopically and excised by unroofing and curettage. “OO” should be included in the differential diagnosis of shoulder pain in young patients not responding to long-term conservative treatment. Arthroscopic excision and curettage provide a good choice for management, with low morbidity and rapid recovery.

  15. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of osteoid osteoma of the proximal femur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaeta, Michele; Minutoli, Fabio; Pandolfo, Ignazio; Vinci, Sergio; Blandino, Alfredo [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of Messina, Policlinico ' ' G. Martino' ' , Via Consolare Valeria, 98100, Messina (Italy); D' Andrea, Letterio [Department of Orthopedics, University of Messina, Policlinico ' ' G. Martino' ' , Via Consolare Valeria, 98100, Messina (Italy)

    2004-09-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor whose main radiological finding is nidus. OO of the proximal femur can also result in non-specific findings such as hip joint effusion, perinidal bone marrow edema and soft tissue mass. Since the nidus may be difficult to identify with MR, these non-specific findings can lead to erroneous diagnosis. Therefore, MR imaging technique should be optimized in order to identify nidus. Since MR imaging has assumed increasing importance in the evaluation of disorders of the hip, radiologists must be aware of the spectrum of findings of OO of the proximal femur. The aim of this pictorial review is to show the MR imaging findings of intra-articular and extra-articular OO of the proximal femur. (orig.)

  16. An Unexpected Cause of Knee Pain in a Patient with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Osteoid Osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Eroğlu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Patients with chronic diseases may sometimes be underestimated because of the relapsing nature of the disease and thus some newly developing phenomena may be overlooked. In this case we present a 12- year old female patient who was followed up for juvenile idiopathic arthritis and applied to us as an exacerbation of the disease. After initiation of therapy all her complaints but the right knee improved. In the examination of knee, limitation in hip movements was detected. X- ray of the hip revealed a mass neighboring the minor trochanter. On magnetic resonance imaging the mass was detected to be an osteoid osteoma. The patient is free of pain with conservative treatment for tumor after twelve months. It is important to evaluate the patient thoroughly without focusing on a single point and keep in mind that in especially skeletally immature patients hip pain can be felt in the knee.

  17. Navigated Pin-Point Approach to Osteoid Osteoma Adjacent to the Facet Joint of Spine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neo, Masashi; Takemoto, Mitsuru; Nishizawa, Kazuya; Imai, Shinji

    2016-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign osteoblastic tumor. Its curative treatment is complete removal of the nidus, where intraoperative localization of the nidus governs clinical results. However, treatment can be difficult since the lesion is often invisible over the bony surface. Accordingly, establishment of an ideal less invasive surgical strategy for spinal OO remains yet unsettled. We illustrate the efficacy of a computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system in excising OO located adjacent to the facet joint of spine. In our 2 cases, complete and pin-point removal of the nidus located close to the facet joint was successfully achieved, without excessive removal of the bone potentially leading to spinal instability and possible damage of nearby neurovascular structures. We advocate a less invasive approach to spinal OO, particularly in an environment with an available CT-based navigation system. PMID:26949472

  18. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteomas with use of real-time needle guidance for accurate needle placement: a pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busser, W.M.H.; Hoogeveen, Y.L.; Veth, R.P.H.; Schreuder, H.W.B.; Balguid, A.; Renema, W.K.J.; Schultze Kool, L.J.

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and technical success of positioning a radiofrequency ablation (RFA) electrode in osteoid osteomas by use of a new real-time needle guidance technology combining cone-beam computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous RFA of osteoid

  19. Radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of osteoid osteoma-5-year experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten [Institute of Clinical Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: rthoffma@med.uni-muenchen.de; Jakobs, Tobias F. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: tobias.jakobs@med.uni-muenchen.de; Kubisch, Constanze H. [Department of Medicine/Gastroenterology, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: constanze.kubisch@med.uni-muenchen.de; Trumm, Christoph G. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: christoph.trumm@med.uni-muenchen.de; Weber, Christof [Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum - Deggendorf, Perlasbergerstr. 41, 94469 Deggendorf (Germany)], E-mail: privat@christofweber.de; Duerr, Hans-Roland [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: hduerr@med.uni-muenchen.de; Helmberger, Thomas K. [Institute of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Klinikum Bogenhausen, Englschalkinger Str. 77, 81925 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: thomas.helmberger@kh-bogenhausen.de; Reiser, Maximilian F. [Institute of Clinical Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich (Germany)], E-mail: maximilian.reiser@med.uni-muenchen.de

    2010-02-15

    Purpose: This study aimed to determine the success and complication rates of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in treatment of osteoid osteoma (OO) and duration of pain relief. Furthermore value of bone biopsy prior to the RFA was evaluated. Materials and methods: Within 61 months 39 patients (23 male, 16 female, 7-53 years, mean 18.7 years, median 17 years) suffering from osteoid osteoma were treated. Lesions were located in femur (n = 20), tibia (n = 10), spine (n = 5), humerus (n = 1), radius (n = 1), talus (n = 1) and pelvis (n = 1). In children, RFA was performed under general anaesthesia, in adults conscious sedation was preferred. In 29 of 39 (74%) lesion biopsies were obtained. Cooling of skin was performed in OOs located in bones with minor soft tissue covering (tibia, radius) and saline flushing via an additional needle was performed if the OO was adjacent to nerval structures. Primary success rate, complications, symptom-free interval, follow-up and biopsy results were evaluated. Results: Within observation period (1-61 months; median: 32 months) 38 of 39 patients were successfully treated and had no more complaints. In 3 of 38 patients relapse occurred after 1, 14 and 32 months and RFA was repeated. Two major complications (broken drill, infection) and 2 minor complications (hematoma, prolonged pain) were observed. Biopsy was able to prove diagnosis in 14 of 29 (48%) cases. Conclusions: Biopsy prior to treatment is not mandatory due to a remarkable amount of false negative findings in clinically and morphologically unambiguous cases of OO. RFA is a highly effective, efficient, minimally invasive and safe method for the treatment of OO.

  20. The healing pattern of osteoid osteomas on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging after thermocoagulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanderschueren, Geert M. [University Hospital of Ghent, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Ghent (Belgium); Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Albinusdreef 2, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden, RC (Netherlands); Taminiau, Antoni H.M. [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Albinusdreef 2, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden, RC (Netherlands); Obermann, Wim R.; Berg-Huysmans, Annette A. van den; Bloem, Johan L.; Erkel, Arian R. van [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Albinusdreef 2, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden, RC (Netherlands)

    2007-09-15

    To compare the healing pattern of osteoid osteomas on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after successful and unsuccessful thermocoagulation. Eighty-six patients were examined by CT and 18 patients by dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MRI before and after thermocoagulation for osteoid osteoma. Thermocoagulation was successful in 73% (63/86) and unsuccessful in 27% (23/86) of patients followed by CT. Thermocoagulation was successful in 72% (13/18) of patients followed by MRI. After treatment, the healing of the nidus on CT was evaluated using different healing patterns (complete ossification, minimal nidus rest, decreased size, unchanged size or thermonecrosis). On MRI the presence of reactive changes (joint effusion, ''oedema-like'' changes of bone marrow and soft tissue oedema) and the delay time (between arterial and nidus enhancement) were assessed and compared before and after thermocoagulation. Complete ossification or a minimal nidus rest was observed on CT in 58% (16/28) of treatment successes (with > 12 months follow-up), but not in treatment failures. ''Oedema-like'' changes of bone marrow and/or soft tissue oedema were seen on MR in all patients before thermocoagulation and in all treatment failures. However, residual ''oedema-like'' changes of bone marrow were also found in 69% (9/13) of treatment successes. An increased delay time was observed in 62% (8/13) of treatment successes and in 1/5 of treatment failures. Complete, or almost complete, ossification of the treated nidus on CT correlated with successful treatment. Absence of this ossification pattern, however, did not correlate with treatment failure. CT could not be used to identify the activity of the nidus following treatment. The value of MR parameters to assess residual activity of the nidus was limited in this study. (orig.)

  1. Osteoid osteoma: Magnetic resonance guided high intensity focused ultrasound for entirely non-invasive treatment. A prospective developmental study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napoli, A.; de Soccio, V.; Cartocci, G.; Boni, F.; Anzidei, M.; Catalano, C.

    2017-03-01

    To determine the effect of acoustic energy delivered during MR guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment of symptomatic osteoid osteomas. This prospective, IRB approved study involved 15 consecutive patients (11 m; 4f; mean age, 21) with clinical and imaging diagnosis of Osteoid Osteoma; all patients underwent MRgFUS ablation (ExAblate, InSightec; Discovery 750 MR unit, GE). Lesions located in the vertebral body were excluded, while lesions in proximity to joints or neurovascular bundles were included. Treatment success was determined at clinical and imaging follow-up at 1, 6 and 12 months post-treatment. A visual Analog Pain Score (VAS) was used to assess changes in symptoms. Bone changes at nidus site were evaluated on the basis of CT and dynamic ce-MR imaging (Gd-Bopta; Bracco) pre- and post-treatment. Treatment was carried out using a variable number of sonications (mean 4±1.8) with a mean energy deposition of 866±211 J. There were no treatment- or anesthesia-related complications. A statistically significant (p=0.001) difference was noted between the overall pre- and post-treatment mean VAS scores (8.3±1.6 and 0.6±1.5, respectively). Two treatments were conducted in patients with prior CTgRFA failure and needed two different session for achieving complete clinical successful. At imaging, edema and hyperemia associated with typical osteoid osteoma, gradually disappeared in all lesions. No apparent relationship between nidus vascular extinction and successful outcome was found. Variable reabsorption degree of sclerotic reaction was observed with nidus disappearance in 4 cases (27%). Treatment of osteoid osteoma using MR guided Focused Ultrasound can be performed safely with a high rate of success and without treatment related morbidity; our results indicated also a positive trend to bone rearrangement after treatment.

  2. Undiagnosed osteoid osteoma of the spine presenting as painful scoliosis from adolescence to adulthood: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efstathopoulos Nicolas E

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Presented here is a case of a young woman, with an undiagnosed osteoid osteoma of the spine, which presented with painful scoliosis in adolescence and was treated by bracing until her accession to adulthood. A more thorough investigation, years after the initial one, revealed the tumor. Surgical excision and stabilization offered the long-awaited cure. Misdiagnosis resulted in intractable pain for years, deformity, the discomfort of brace therapy, and the frustration of a prolonged yet ineffective treatment.

  3. Osteoid Osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... otherwise, it may grow back. This is a traditional open procedure in which your surgeon makes an ... Editorial Board & Staff Contributors Online Agreements Linking Policy Advertising & Sponsorship Privacy Policy AAOS News Bureau Copyright ©1995- ...

  4. Treatment of osteoid osteoma using CT-guided radiofrequency ablation versus MR-guided laser ablation: A cost comparison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurer, M.H., E-mail: martin.maurer@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Gebauer, B., E-mail: bernhard.gebauer@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Wieners, G., E-mail: gero.wieners@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); De Bucourt, M., E-mail: maximilian.de-bucourt@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Renz, D.M., E-mail: diane.renz@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Hamm, B., E-mail: bernd.hamm@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany); Streitparth, F., E-mail: florian.streitparth@charite.de [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin (Germany)

    2012-11-15

    Objective: To compare the costs of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and MR-guided laser ablation (LA) for minimally invasive percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteoma. Materials and methods: Between November 2005 and October 2011, 20 patients (14 males, 6 females, mean age 20.3 {+-} 9.1 years) underwent CT-guided RFA and 24 patients (18 males, 6 females; mean age, 23.8 {+-} 13.8 years) MR-guided LA (open 1.0 Tesla, Panorama HFO, Philips, Best, Netherlands) for osteoid osteoma diagnosed on the basis of clinical presentation and imaging findings. Prorated costs of equipment use (purchase, depreciation, and maintenance), staff costs, and expenditure for disposables were identified for CT-guided RFA and MR-guided LA procedures. Results: The average total costs per patient were EUR 1762 for CT-guided RFA and EUR 1417 for MR-guided LA. These were (RFA/LA) EUR 92/260 for equipment use, EUR 149/208 for staff, and EUR 870/300 for disposables. Conclusion: MR-guided LA is less expensive than CT-guided RFA for minimally invasive percutaneous ablation of osteoid osteoma. The higher costs of RFA are primarily due to the higher price of the disposable RFA probes.

  5. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous trephine removal of the nidus in osteoid osteoma patients: experience of a single center in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petrilli, Marcelo; Senerchia, Andreza Almeida; Petrilli, Antonio Sergio; Lederman, Henrique Manoel; Garcia Filho, Reynaldo Jesus, E-mail: andrezasenerchia@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Oncologia Pediatrica

    2015-07-15

    Objective: to report the results of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous resection of the nidus in 18 cases of osteoid osteoma. Materials and methods: the medical records of 18 cases of osteoid osteoma in children, adolescents and young adults, who underwent CT-guided removal of the nidus between November, 2004 and March, 2009 were reviewed retrospectively for demographic data, lesion site, clinical outcome and complications after procedure. Results: clinical follow-up was available for all cases at a median of 29 months (range 6-60 months). No persistence of pre-procedural pain was noted on 17 patients. Only one patient experienced recurrence of symptoms 12 months after percutaneous resection, and was successfully retreated by the same technique, resulting in a secondary success rate of 18/18 (100%). Conclusion: CT-guided removal or destruction of the nidus is a safe and effective alternative to surgical resection of the osteoid osteoma nidus. (author)

  6. Long-term results of percutaneous resection and interstitial laser ablation of osteoid osteomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roqueplan, Francois; Hamze, Bassam; Bousson, Valerie; Zouari, Leila; Younan, Tonine; Parlier-Cuau, Caroline; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Hopital Lariboisiere, Service de Radiologie Osteo-articulaire, Paris, Cedex 10 (France); Porcher, Raphael [Hopital Saint Louis, Departement de Biostatistiques et Informatique Medicale, Paris, Cedex 10 (France)

    2010-01-15

    To evaluate the efficiency and complication rate of two percutaneous treatments of osteoid osteomas, percutaneous trephine resection (PR) and interstitial laser ablation (ILA). Ethical review board was obtained for the retrospective study. One hundred and 26 patients were treated by PR (n=26) or ILA (n=100) under CT, with a median follow-up of 113 months for the PR group and 47 months for the ILA group. In the group treated by PR, the clinical success rate was 96% at 6-month and 95% at 24-month follow-up, with 12% (3/26) transient complications (one meralgia, two skin burns). One patient experienced immediate failure, and none had delayed failure. In the group treated by ILA, the clinical success rate was 96% at 6-month and 94% at 24-month follow-up, with 4% (4/100) transient complications (one common fibular nerve contusion, one hematoma, one infection and one tendinitis). Four ILA procedures were repeated, one because of initial failure and three because of recurrence (at 6.5, 15 and 32 months). Two were successful and two failed again. Failure was more frequent (p=0.0094) in patients less than 18 years old, and in lesions with a nidus size of 12 mm or larger (p=0.0022). (orig.)

  7. [The peroperative isotopic location of osteoid osteomas and other lesions exhibiting increased uptake on scintigraphy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augereau, B; Wioland, M; De Labriolle-Vaylet, C; Padovani, J P; Martin, T; Verneret, C; Apoil, A; Milhaud, G

    1988-01-01

    The technique, advantages and pitfalls of the isotopic localization and control during operation in orthopaedic surgery were evaluated throughout 28 interventions on lesions, which exhibited an increased uptake of a radioactive bone-seeker: the dimethyl-aminodiphosphonate, provisionally designated SF44 (Laboratoires Solabco, Coutras, France). For bone scanning, following the injection of this radiopharmaceutical that increased by 25% the lesion to normal bone ratio compared to the data for the diphosphonates in current use, the localization of lesions at surgical sites was carried out with the use of a sterilisable small radiation probe of a circular cross section 2 mm in diameter (Quartz et Silice, Paris, France). The probe was connected to a portable electronic device that converted the rates of radioactive disintegration into an acoustic signal, which increased with increasing radioactivity (Novelec, Meylan, France). The method was atraumatic and has proved to be useful at various times of the operation. More often, it was used to locate the lesion on the exposed bone. It enabled monitoring the progress of excisions and allowed to shorten their dimensions. The method was of great value at the end of the intervention for ensuring a complete excision as indicated by the lack of any residual focus of increased uptake detectable on the periphery of the operative site. Isotopic control during an operation is fully efficient to locate osteoid osteomas and other circumscribed lesions of the skeleton that give rise to an increased uptake of radioactivity.

  8. Imaging features of spinal osteoid osteoma with emphasis on MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harish, Srinivasan [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, Asif [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom); University College London, Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, London (United Kingdom)

    2005-12-01

    A retrospective evaluation of the imaging of 13 patients with a diagnosis of osteoid osteoma (OO) of the spine was undertaken. Available imaging included radiographs (n=10), computed tomography (CT) (n=13), bone scintigraphy (n=5) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (n=13). MRI features evaluated were pattern of neural arch and vertebral body oedema and the presence of an identifiable nidus. MRI features were correlated with other available imaging. There were seven males and six females with an age range of 8-59 years. On radiographs, scoliosis was present in ten and a sclerotic pedicle in nine patients. Focal increased uptake on bone scintigraphy consistent with OO was seen in all five patients where scintigraphy was available. On CT, a nidus was identified in all patients and reactive sclerosis was seen in 12. MRI demonstrated the nidus in eight patients and unilateral neural arch oedema with anterior extension to involve the ipsilateral posterolateral vertebral body in 11. When MRI is performed in the evaluation of back pain, the presence of unilateral neural arch oedema extending to involve the posterolateral vertebral body raises the possibility of spinal OO and should prompt CT to confirm the presence of a nidus. (orig.)

  9. Histological evaluation of drill fragments obtained during osteoid osteoma radiofrequency ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akhlaghpoor, Shahram [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran); Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital, Tehran (Iran); Aziz Ahari, Alireza; Ahmadi, Seyed Ali; Gohari Moghaddam, Katayoun [Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Hospital, Tehran (Iran); Arjmand Shabestari, Abbas [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran); Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Modrarres Hospital, Tehran (Iran); Alinaghizadeh, Mohammad Reza [Noor Medical Imaging Center, Tehran (Iran)

    2010-05-15

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor diagnosed mainly on the basis of the patient's history and radiological data. Histological evaluation may not be available before treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of a histological evaluation of the bone fragments obtained during radiofrequency ablation (RFA). During a 2-year period, 39 patients diagnosed clinically with OO were entered into this study. The procedure was performed under computed tomography (CT) guidance. An 11-gauge needle was initially placed as a coaxial guide. After drill removal, RFA was performed. Bone fragments collected from the drill were examined by two experienced pathologists, independently. There was strong association between pathologists' reports (P <0.001). In 27 cases (69.2%) this diagnosis was confirmed pathologically. No significant relationship was found between nidus diameter and positive histological findings (P = 0.35). Histological confirmation of OO based on drill fragments is similarly frequent as previously reported for standard bone biopsy. (orig.)

  10. Imaging analysis of osteoid osteoma%骨样骨瘤的影像学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雷; 郁万江; 汪敬群

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析骨样骨瘤的X 线、CT 及MRI 影像表现.方法 搜集2000 年~2005 年经病理证实的骨样骨瘤21 例,男13 例,女8 例,年龄6~59 岁.所有病例均行X 线平片;17 例行CT 平扫;MRI 平扫12 例,增强扫描5例(动态MRI 增强扫描3 例),完成三项检查10 例.病灶位于股骨8 例,胫骨7 例,髋臼、胸椎各2 例,锁骨及距骨各1例.分析X 线、CT 及MRI 对瘤巢及其周围组织改变的显示能力.结果 X 线、CT 及MRI 对瘤巢显示率分别为57.1%、76.5%、75.0%,X 线、CT 上瘤巢为一小圆形或卵圆形透亮区,中心有/无钙化和骨化,边缘有不同程度骨硬化;MRI 上瘤巢为一小圆形异常信号区,T1WI 呈低至中等信号,T2WI 呈低至高信号,边缘为低信号骨硬化,瘤周不同程度骨髓及软组织水肿;Gd-DTPA 增强扫描瘤巢明显强化,动态MRI 增强瘤巢呈高灌注表现,时间-信号强度曲线为快速上升后缓慢持续下降(C 型曲线).结论 CT 为诊断骨样骨瘤最佳方法,MRI 能够增加瘤巢可见度并能敏感显示骨髓及周围软组织水肿,一定程度上反映病理组织特点,对骨样骨瘤有较高的诊断价值,可作为CT 的补充检查手段.%Objective To analyze the findings of osteoid osteoma on radiographs, CT and MRI. Methods 21 patients (13 male, 8 female; age range: 6-59 years) with pathologically confirmed osteoid osteoma from 2000 to 2005 underwent radiograph(21) ,CT(17) ,and MRI(12 unenhanced, 2 enhanced, 3 dynamic contrast-enhanced) examinations. Ten patients were investigated with all three modalities. The tumors were located in the femur (8), tibia (7), acetabulum (2), thoracic spine (2), clavicle (1) and talus (1). The radiographs, CT and MRI were retrospectively analyzed. Results Tumor nidus was depicted on radiographs (57.1%), CT (76.5%), and MRI (75.0%). On X-ray and CT, the tumor nidus was a small round or oval translucency with calcification or ossification center and variable degrees of surrounding

  11. Novel use of epidural catheter: Air injection for neuroprotection during radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doctor, JR; Solanki, SL; Patil, VP; Divatia, JV

    2016-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor, with a male-female ratio of approximately 2:1 and mainly affecting long bones. Ten percent of the lesions occur in the spine, mostly within the posterior elements. Treatment options for OO include surgical excision and percutaneous imaging-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Lesions within the spine have an inherent risk of thermal damage to the vital structure because of proximity to the neural elements. We report a novel use of the epidural catheter for air injection for the neuroprotection of nerves close to the OO of the spine. A 12-year-old and 30 kg male child with an OO of the L3 vertebra was taken up for RFA. His preoperative examinations were within normal limits. The OO was very close to the L3 nerve root. Under general anesthesia, lumbar epidural catheter was placed in the L3-L4 space under imaging guidance. Ten ml of aliquots of air was injected under imaging guidance to avoid injury to the neural structures due to RFA. The air created a gap between neural elements and the tumor and served as an insulating material thereby protecting the neural elements from damage due to the RFA. Postoperatively, the patient did not develop any neurological deficit. PMID:27375396

  12. Postinterventional MRI findings following MRI-guided laser ablation of osteoid osteoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuchs, S., E-mail: simon.fuchs@charite.de [Department of Radiology, Charité, Humboldt University, Berlin (Germany); Gebauer, B.; Stelter, L.; Schäfer, M.L.; Renz, D.M. [Department of Radiology, Charité, Humboldt University, Berlin (Germany); Melcher, I.; Schaser, K. [Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité, Humboldt University, Berlin (Germany); Hamm, B.; Streitparth, F. [Department of Radiology, Charité, Humboldt University, Berlin (Germany)

    2014-04-15

    Objective: To evaluate postinterventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics following MRI-guided laser ablation of osteoid osteoma (OO). Materials and methods: 35 patients treated with MRI-guided laser ablation underwent follow-up MRI immediately after the procedure, after 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and up to 48 months. The imaging protocol included multiplanar fat-saturated T2w TSE, unenhanced and contrast-enhanced T1w SE, and subtraction images. MR images were reviewed regarding the appearance and size of treated areas, and presence of periablation bone and soft tissue changes. Imaging was correlated with clinical status. Results: Mean follow-up time was 13.6 months. 28/35 patients (80%) showed a postinterventional “target-sign” appearance consisting of a fibrovascular rim zone and a necrotic core area. After an initial increase in total lesion diameter after 3 months, a subsequent progressive inward remodeling process of the zonal compartments was observed for up to 24 months. Periablation bone and soft tissue changes showed a constant decrease over time. MR findings correlated well with the clinical status. Clinical success was achieved in 32/35 (91%). Conclusions: Evaluation of long-term follow-up MRI after laser ablation of OO identified typical postinterventional changes and thus may contribute to the interpretation of therapeutic success and residual or recurrent OO in suspected cases.

  13. Histological Evaluation of Drill Fragments Obtained During Osteoid Osteoma Radiofrequency Ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Alinaghizadeh

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background/Objective: Osteoid osteoma (OO is a benign bone tumor diagnosed mainly based on the patient's history and radiological data. Histological evaluation may not be available before treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of histological evaluation of the bone fragments obtained during radiofrequency ablation (RFA procedure. "nPatients and Methods: During a 2-year period, 39 patients diagnosed clinically with OO were included in this study. The procedure was performed under CT guidance. An 11-gauge needle was initially placed as a coaxial guide. After drill removal, RFA was performed. Bone fragments collected from the drill were examined by two experienced pathologists independently. "nResults: There was strong association between the pathologists' reports (p value<0.001. In 27 cases (69.2%, this diagnosis was confirmed pathologically. No significant relationship was found between the nidus diameter and the positive histological findings (P value=0.35. "nConclusion: Histological confirmation of OO based on drill fragments is similarly frequent as previously reported for standard bone biopsy.

  14. Use of radionuclide method in preoperative and intraoperative diagnosis of osteoid osteoma of the spine. Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Israeli, A.; Zwas, S.T.; Horoszowski, H.; Farine, I.

    1983-05-01

    A 24-year-old man with persistent low back pain and right sciatica, was found to have an osteoid osteoma of the right pedicle of the second lumbar vertebra. /sup 99m/Tc-MDP bone scan and CAT scan produced an early diagnosis of the lesion. Intraoperative /sup 99m/Tc-MDP in vitro combined with imaging and quantitative activity measurements were useful for accurate localization and complete removal. The method is simple and can be performed in every nuclear medicine department, with no need for special operating room facilities.

  15. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma: long-term results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cioni, Roberto; Armillotta, Nicola; Bargellini, Irene; Zampa, Virna; Cappelli, Carla; Vagli, Paola; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Boni, Giuseppe [Division of Nuclear Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Marchetti, Stefano; Consoli, Vincenzo [Department of Orthopedics, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy)

    2004-07-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma (OO). From 1997 to 2001, RF ablation was performed on 38 patients with OO, diagnosed clinically and by radiography, scintigraphy, contrast-enhanced MRI, and CT. Treatment was performed via percutaneous (n=29) or surgical (n=9) access, under CT guidance in all cases, with an 18-gauge straight electrode. Patients were discharged within 24 h and followed up clinically (at 1 week and every 6-12 months) and with MRI (at 6 months) and scintigraphy (after 1 year). The technical success rate was 100%. Complications occurred in two patients, consisting in local skin burns. The follow-up range was 12-66 months (mean {+-} SD, 35.5{+-}7.5 months). Prompt pain relief and return to normal activities were observed in 30 of 38 patients. Persistent pain occurred in eight patients; two patients refused further RF ablation and were treated surgically; RF ablation was repeated in six cases achieving successful results in five. One patient reported residual pain and is being evaluated for surgical excision. Primary and secondary clinical success rates were 78.9 (30/38 patients) and 97% (35/36 patients), respectively. CT-guided RF ablation of OO is safe and effective. Persistent lesions can be effectively re-treated. Several imaging modalities are needed for the diagnosis of OO and for the follow-up after treatment, particularly in patients with persistent symptoms. (orig.)

  16. Prospective pilot study of CT-guided microwave ablation in the treatment of osteoid osteomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prud' homme, Clara; Nueffer, Jean-Philippe; Runge, Michel; Dubut, Jonathan [University Hospital of Besancon, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Besancon (France); Kastler, Bruno [University Hospital of Besancon, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Besancon (France); I4S Laboratory, INSERM EA4268, University of Franche-Comte, Besancon (France); Aubry, Sebastien [University Hospital of Besancon, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Besancon (France); Nanomedecine Laboratory, INSERM EA4662, University of Franche-Comte, Besancon (France)

    2017-03-15

    The aims of this work were to assess the feasibility and efficacy of CT-guided microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of osteoid osteomas (OOs). Thirteen consecutive patients (range 11-31 years old) presenting with OO were prospectively included and treated by CT-guided MWA. Power and duration of MWA were both recorded. The patient's pain was assessed using a numeric pain rating scale (NRS), and side effects were recorded during procedures, after 1 day, 7 days and 1 month. The nidus vascularization and the volume of necrosis induced by MWA were assessed using contrast-enhanced MRI. Success was defined as the complete relief of the patient's pain 1 month after the first procedure, associated with necrosis of the nidus on follow-up MRI. The success rate was up to 92.3% (12/13). At 1 day, 7 days and 1 month, the median NRSs were respectively 5 [interquartile range (IQR) 2-5], 0 (IQR 0-1) and 0 (IQR 0-0). Side effects observed were one partial and self-resolving lesion of a sensory branch of the radial nerve and two skin burns. The median power of the MWA used was 60 W (IQR 50-60) with a 1.5-min duration (IQR 1-2), leading to MWA-induced necrosis measuring on average 23 x 15 x 16 mm. CT-guided MWA of OO has a success rate that appears to be almost similar to that of laser or radiofrequency ablation, but care must be taken to prevent nerve or skin lesions. (orig.)

  17. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging in osteoid osteoma: relationships with clinical and CT characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pottecher, P. [Hopital Lariboisiere, AP-HP, Department of Osteoarticular Radiology, Paris (France); Hopital du Bocage, Department of Vascular, Oncologic and Interventional Radiology, Dijon (France); Sibileau, E.; Hamze, B.; Parlier, C.; Laredo, J.D.; Bousson, V. [Hopital Lariboisiere, AP-HP, Department of Osteoarticular Radiology, Paris (France); Aho, S. [Hopital du Bocage, Hospital Hygiene and Epidemiology unit, Dijon (France)

    2017-07-15

    To correlate dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) features to clinical and computed tomography (CT) morphological features of osteoid osteoma (OO). Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study, waiving the need for informed consent. We included the 102 patients treated with interstitial laser ablation for histologically documented OO at our institution in 2008-2013. DCE-MRI variables were the time-enhancement pattern and rising slope (Slope{sub rise}) and CT variables were the bone and segment involved (OO{sub bone} and OO{sub segment,} respectively), OO location relative to the native cortex (OO{sub cortex}), nidus surface area, vessel sign, and largest neighboring-vessel diameter (Dmax{sub vessel}). Descriptive statistics and correlations linking DCE-MRI findings to clinical and CT characteristics were computed. DCE-MRI showed early arterial peak enhancement in 95 (93%) cases, with a mean Slope{sub rise} of 9.30 ± 8.10. CT visualized a vessel sign in 84 (82%) cases with a mean Dmax{sub vessel} of 1.10 ± 0.60 mm. By univariate analysis, Slope{sub rise} correlated significantly with pain duration and Dmax{sub vessel} (r = 0.30, P = 0.003; and r = 0.22, P = 0.03; respectively). Analysis of variance showed that Slope{sub rise} correlated significantly with OO{sub bone} (P < 0.001), with a steeper slope for OOs located in short or flat bones. This study suggests more abundant vascularization of OOs with long-lasting pain and location on short or flat bones. (orig.)

  18. Diagnostic Value of MSCT in Osteoid Osteoma and the results of CT-guided percutaneous removal of Osteoid Osteoma%骨样骨瘤的MSCT诊断与CT引导下切除的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑芸; 杨贤卫; 冷晓明; 朱丹; 许焕奇

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析骨样骨瘤的CT表现并探讨其诊断及治疗价值.方法 回顾性分析12例经手术病理证实的骨样骨瘤,12例均行普通X线及CT检查,其中3例同时行MRI检查,分析比较X线、CT和MRI对瘤巢及瘤巢周围骨质改变的显示能力.结果 瘤巢均表现为圆形或卵圆形透亮区,直径小于20mm,8例中心可见钙化,呈牛眼征.4例呈环征.瘤巢周围可有不同程度的骨质硬化、骨膜反应、骨髓水肿、软组织肿胀及相邻关节腔积液.CT术前诊断正确11例(91.7%),普通X线术前诊断正确7例 (58.3%),3例MRI检查中1例增强扫描术前诊断正确,2例平扫只提示诊断.7 例行CT导引下瘤巢毁损,5例CT引导定位后手术治疗,追访6个月-3年未见疼痛复发及明显并发症.结论 瘤巢是骨样骨瘤的特征性表现,CT对瘤巢显示最准确,MRI则对显示瘤巢周围骨髓、软组织及关节腔情况敏感.CT引导下经皮穿刺切除骨样骨瘤是一种简单有效、安全可靠的微创性治疗方法.%Objective To analysis the appearances and to evaluate the diagnostic value of CT imaging in osteoid osteoma.Methods 12 cases of osteoid osteoma proved by surgical pathology and their X-ray,CT and MR1 were re-viewed.All atients had X-ray and CT scanning,3with MR imaging.The ability of X-ray,CT and MRI to demonstrate the nidus and surrounding reaction were analyzed.Results The nidus were appeared as round or oval shape and the diameter was less than 20mm.8 nidus manifested as "ancox eye" sign of calcification in focuscenter.4 nidus manifested as an ringsign without calcification in focuscenter.There were different degree of bone sclerosis,periosteal reaction and soft tissues or bone marrow edema around the nidus.The diagnostic accuracy was 58.3% for X-ray,91.7% for CT.Accurate diagnosis was obtained before surgery in lease of MR1,the other 2 cases were only suggestive of the diagnosis.CT-guided percutaneous excision had undergone in twelve patients

  19. Osteoid Osteoma of the Acetabulum in Children:A Case Report%儿童髋臼骨样骨瘤一例报道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段丽群; 尚希福; 张文志; 胡飞

    2011-01-01

    Osteoid is a kind of benign bone tumor and commonly seen in the backbone of the femoral and ibia.Osteoid osteoma of the acetabulum is very rare and its clinical and imaging features are different with the common places,such as the backbone.One case of acetabulum osteoid osteoma and its diagnsis and and treatment were introduced.%骨样骨瘤是一种良性的骨肿瘤,多见于股骨、胫骨的骨干.髋臼骨样骨瘤十分罕见,其临床及影像学表现和骨干等常见部位不同.我院收治髋臼骨样骨瘤1例,特将该病例的诊断及治疗进行介绍.

  20. The valuation of using FDG PET-CT in detecting osteoid osteoma of the cervical spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Jinhai; Xiao, Hui; Liu, Tielong; Yan, Wangjun; Qian, Ming; Song, Dian Wen; Yang, Xinghai; Wang, Ting; Sun, Zhengwang; Xiao, Jianru

    2015-03-01

    Osteoid osteomas (OOs) are bone tumors that rarely occur in the cervical spine. The current study is a retrospective analysis on 10 patients who were diagnosed with this rare spinal bone tumor. We have excised OOs of the cervical spine with the use of FDG Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) for preoperative diagnosis. With the help of the FDG PET-CT, we can confidently remove the nidus of the OOs, while minimize iatrogenic injury of the surrounding normal bone elements, and preserve the stability of the cervical spine. OO of the cervical spine is frequently located at the nerve root adjacent to the vertebral artery, spinal cord. PET-CT is a sensitive tool with applications in the detection of bone lesions, especially in patients with difficult diagnosis or continuing misdiagnosis of tumors. Ten patients (8 male and 2 female patients) underwent surgery for tumor removal using PET-CT in our department. Various diagnostic imaging modalities including x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, CT, bone scintigraphy, and PET-CT were used. PET-CT scan results were measured using standard uptake value. (The size of the cases series was from 4×5 mm to 12×15 mm.) Pain was evaluated using the visual analogue score. Clinical outcome was evaluated immediately postoperatively and at a mean follow-up of 49.8±0.2 months (range, 7-92 mo). All tumors were successfully diagnosed with the use of PET-CT. The average standard uptake value was 2.7±0.1 (range, 2.0-3.4). The nidus of the OO was detected and removed, and the peripheral elements were preserved. The visual analogue score was 8.1±0.1 preoperation, and it significantly decreased to 2.5±0.3 (Ppain symptoms. There was no injury of the vertebral artery, leakage of cerebrospinal fluid, infectious complications, and neurological injury during the procedure. It is valuable of using of PET-CT to diagnose OOs of the cervical vertebra. Subsequently, it is a good way that helps us in efficient removal of the OOs

  1. Diagnostic Value of Imaging in Osteoid Osteoma%骨样骨瘤的影像学诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋志勇; 姜波; 陈通; 倪海洋; 车云忠; 果庆宇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the characteristics and diagnostic value of imaging in osteoid osteoma. Methods The clinical and imaging data of 24 patients with osteoid osteoma confirmed by surgical pathology were analyzed retrospectively. The ability of imaging in demonstrating the change of nidi and the surrounding reaction were analyzed. Results A circular or oval lucency nidus was demonstrated in all 24 cases, the diameters of nidi were ranged from 0. 3 to 1. 8 cm, different bone sclerosis, periosteal reaction, soft tissue and bone morrow edema or distinct effusion of joint were showed surround the nidi. The detective rates of X-ray,CT and MRI for nidi were 83. 3% (20/24) ,100% (12/12)and 75% (6/8) .respectively. Conclusion Nidus may be the most characteristic manifestation and CT may be the best method for diagnosing osteoid osteoma.%目的:探讨骨样骨瘤的影像学表现特点及其诊断价值.方法:回顾性分析24例经手术病理证实的骨样骨瘤的临床及影像学资料,分析X线、CT和MRI对瘤巢及瘤巢周围改变的显示能力.结果:24例病灶均表现为一圆形或卵圆形的透亮瘤巢,直径为0.3 ~1.8 cm,其周围有不同程度的骨质硬化、骨膜反应、软组织和骨髓水肿或关节腔积液.X线、CT及MRI对瘤巢显示率分别为83.3%(20/24)、100%(12/12)及75%(6/8).结论:瘤巢是诊断骨样骨瘤的特征性征象,CT是诊断骨样骨瘤的最佳方法,X线或MRI需结合CT才能做出准确诊断.

  2. Success of intraoperative scintigraphic detection to complete eradicate of persistent osteoid osteoma; Succes du reperage isotopique peroperatoire dans l'eradication totale de l'osteome osteoide persistant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddam, A.; Bsiss, A.; BenRais, N. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Medecine nucleaire, Rabat (Morocco); Lahlou, A.; Essahli, Y.; Boufetal; Lamzaf, O.; El Yaacoubi, M. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Traumatologie, Rabat (Morocco)

    2009-10-15

    The osteoid osteoma is a small benign, painful, bony tumour in which the treatment consists of a complete surgical ablation. The cases of recurrence often correspond to an incomplete surgical ablation. We report, in this work, the advantage of isotopic intraoperative marking for an accurate and complete excision of the pathological lesion in a young patient, during his surgical resumption after the short-term failure of the first intervention, which was accomplished without intraoperative location, and completed with a literature review. (authors)

  3. A Rare Case of an Osteoid Osteoma of the Rib Treated under Computed Tomography Guidance: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakiko Mizuno

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma (OO usually occurs in the extremities of young adults. The tumor can arise in any part of the skeletal tissue; however, it is rarely found in the rib, with limited reports to date. In this report, we present a rare case of OO arising in the rib, which was successfully treated under computed tomography guidance with minimal invasiveness. At the final follow-up after 4 years, no local recurrence was observed.

  4. 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography improves the diagnostic accuracy of osteoid osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squier, Samuel Brian; Lewis, Jacob Ian; Accurso, Joseph Matthew; Jain, Manoj Kumar

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a 17-year-old football player who had previously received multiple facet joint injections for presumed secondary osteoarthritis. 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging of the cervical spine demonstrated focal increased radiopharmaceutical activity in the right C2 lamina, which was associated with an osteolytic lesion with a central irregular sclerotic nidus. Surgical pathology confirmed an osteoid osteoma. PMID:27833319

  5. Osteoid Osteoma of the Distal Humerus Mimicking Sequela of Pediatric Supracondylar Fracture: Arthroscopic Resection—Case Report and A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Font Segura

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteoma (OO is a small and painful benign osteoblastic tumour located preferentially in the shaft of long bones near the metaphyseal junctions, with a predilection for the lower limbs. Juxta- and intra-articular OOs are rare and even though hip, elbow, and talus are the most commonly reported locations, they may be found in any joint accounting for approximately 13% of all osteoid osteomas. There is usually a significant time delay between symptom initiation and diagnosis when the lesion is present in an uncommon location due to the diagnostic challenge it presents due to the lack of classical clinical signs and/or radiographic features found in the extra-articular lesions. A case of a distal humerus OO of a 15-year-old girl is presented to point out that a confounding factor, such as a previous paediatric supracondylar fracture, may further delay the already difficult diagnosis of a juxta- or intra-articular osteoid osteoma and also to emphasize the possibility of arthroscopic treatment of such lesions.

  6. Osteoid osteoma of the distal humerus mimicking sequela of pediatric supracondylar fracture: arthroscopic resection-case report and a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Font Segura, Jordi; Barrera-Ochoa, Sergi; Gargallo-Margarit, Albert; Correa-Vázquez, Eva; Isart-Torruella, Anna; Mir Bullo, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a small and painful benign osteoblastic tumour located preferentially in the shaft of long bones near the metaphyseal junctions, with a predilection for the lower limbs. Juxta- and intra-articular OOs are rare and even though hip, elbow, and talus are the most commonly reported locations, they may be found in any joint accounting for approximately 13% of all osteoid osteomas. There is usually a significant time delay between symptom initiation and diagnosis when the lesion is present in an uncommon location due to the diagnostic challenge it presents due to the lack of classical clinical signs and/or radiographic features found in the extra-articular lesions. A case of a distal humerus OO of a 15-year-old girl is presented to point out that a confounding factor, such as a previous paediatric supracondylar fracture, may further delay the already difficult diagnosis of a juxta- or intra-articular osteoid osteoma and also to emphasize the possibility of arthroscopic treatment of such lesions.

  7. Recurrence of an intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the great toe: a case report and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrent, Josep; Bailez, Alberto; Asuncion, Jordi

    2017-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign tumor that it is not generally seen in the foot and even less frequently in the phalanx (2–4%). The diagnosis when its location is intra-articular is a challenge and often delayed because the symptoms mimic a real arthritis. We report a clinical case involving a 16-year-old male patient who complained of persistent pain of the interphalangeal joint (IPJ) of the left hallux. A juxta-articular OO of the condyle of the proximal phalanx was identified. The patient underwent surgery that included tumor removal preserving the articular cartilage. After a non-complete nidus resection, there was a recurrence. The patient underwent surgery with a removal en-block of the distal part of the proximal phalanx and fusion of the IPJ with interposition of a tricortical autograft. After a follow-up of 30 months, the X-ray showed total arthrodesis of the joint without signs of recurrence or pain. PMID:28064244

  8. Effectiveness of Computed Tomography Guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy for Osteoid Osteoma: Initial Results and Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karagöz, Erdal; Özel, Deniz; Özkan, Fuat; Özel, Betül Duran; Özer, Özgur; Coşkun, Zafer Ünsal

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background The aim of this retrospective study is to determine our experience of technique success rate, complications and clinical results in long term follow up for computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation [RA] therapy for osteoid osteoma (OO). Material/Methods We performed RA therapy to 18 patients with OO referred to interventional radiology from other clinics primarily from orthopedics; between January 2011 to May 2014. Daytime and nighttime pain intensity of 18 patients was noted according to visual analog scale (VAS). After procedure pain intensity was compared with before one. We also discussed other factors can affect it. Results All procedures were completed technically successful for all patients [100%]. We did not experience any major complication or mortality. However we had 3 minor complications. Pain came back in 1 patient after 5 months from procedure and it was considered as recurrence. Dramatic pain intensity fall was seen in patients after procedure, both daytime and nighttime. However we did not find and statistically significant change in comparison of pain intensity reduce and time needed to return back to routine life when using patients demographic data and lesion size. Conclusions CT guided RA therapy of OO is minimally invasive, effective and secure procedure. PMID:27429671

  9. Image Characteristics and Differential Diagnosis of Osteoid Osteoma%骨样骨瘤的影像表现及鉴别诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱正庭; 徐莉; 高娟; 郑玲

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of osteoid osteoma on X-ray and CT imaging. Methods X-ray and CT imaging of 12 cases of osteoid osteoma proved by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed and collected, including 8 males and 4 females. The X-ray and CT imaging manifestations of osteoid osteoma and their display capabilities of tumor niduses and changes around the tumor niduses were analyzed, and their characteristic imaging features were summarized. Results The imaging manifestations of osteoid osteoma revealed a circular or oval radiolucency(nidus) with different bone sclerosis around the nidus. The diameter ranged from 0.5cm to 1.5cm, with the average of 0.9cm. Among 12 cases, only 8 cases showed nidus on X-ray plain film, all 12 cases with CT scanning showed nidus. The detection rate of nidus was 66.7% (8/12) for X-ray plain film and 100% (12/12) for CT, respectively. Conclnsion The tumor nidus is the key to the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma, X -ray imaging of osteoid osteoma is quite typical and CT is a best modality for diagnosis of the diseasr.[Chinese Medical Equipment Journal,2012,33(4) ;78-79]%目的:分析骨样骨瘤的X线及CT影像表现,探讨其影像学特点.方法:整理经手术病理证实的骨样骨瘤12例,男8例,女4例.所有病例均行X线、CT检查,分析骨样骨瘤在X线、CT上的表现及其对瘤巢及瘤巢周围改变的显示能力,总结其特征性的影像学表现.结果:12例病灶均表现为圆形或类圆形透亮区,直径0.5~1.5 cm,平均0.9 cm,其周围有不同程度的骨质硬化.12例X线平片仅8例显示瘤巢,12例行CT检查者均清楚显示瘤巢,X线和CT对瘤巢显示率分别为66.7%(8/12)和100%(12/12).结论:瘤巢是确诊骨样骨瘤的关键,X线平片仍然是诊断骨样骨瘤的重要方法,CT是显示瘤巢的最佳方法.

  10. Dificuldades diagnósticas no osteoma osteoide do cotovelo: estudo clínico, radiológico e histopatológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Cotta

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever os aspectos clínicos e de imagem que podem auxiliar no diagnóstico correto do osteoma osteoide no cotovelo. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Realizado estudo retrospectivo de sete pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoma osteoide no cotovelo confirmado histologicamente por biópsia óssea. Eles tiveram seus prontuários médicos e exames de imagem revisados. RESULTADOS: Do total de 142 pacientes identificados em nossos arquivos, 4,9% apresentavam a lesão no cotovelo, com predomínio no sexo masculino (2,5:1 e idade média de 25 anos. Dor e limitação de movimento foram os sintomas mais comuns. Cinco pacientes (71,4% receberam outro diagnóstico clínico prévio. A duração média dos sintomas foi de 21 meses. As radiografias não demonstraram o nidus em 42,8% dos casos. A tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética mostraram claramente o nidus. Derrame articular foi um achado constante. O aspecto histológico observado foi o usual. A ressecção cirúrgica promoveu alívio dos sintomas e/ou melhora funcional em todos os casos. CONCLUSÃO: É importante considerar a possibilidade de osteoma osteoide em paciente adulto jovem com dor, limitação do movimento e sinais de sinovite no cotovelo, refratária ao tratamento conservador. Esclerose óssea, espessamento cortical e/ou reação periosteal detectados na radiografia permitem direcionar a tomografia computadorizada para a visualização precisa do nidus.

  11. The importance of clinical semiotics and instrumental investigations in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of osteoid osteoma. A report of 6 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carfagni, A; Moreschini, O; Billi, A

    1990-03-01

    The authors emphasize the importance of a complete examination, including history, symptomatology and instrumental tests in the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma (O.O.). This lesion is often difficult to diagnose, particularly at unusual sites. However, by the use of accurate radiography, stratigraphy, bone scan and CAT, a pre-operative accurate diagnosis is usually possible. The authors emphasize the importance of the least invasive surgical approach and the complete removal of the lesion with generous curettage. This is not always easy, as illustrated in the present study, which includes atypical sites, sometimes in delicate anatomical situations. They also illustrate a particular method used for removal.

  12. Value of spiral CT in the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma%螺旋CT对骨样骨瘤的诊断价值探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴泽文; 吴信南; 陈焱君; 胡剑波

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the value of the spiral CT in the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. Methods 12 patients with osteoid osteoma proved by surgical pathology and the imaging of X-ray and spiral CT scan were retrospectively analyzed. Results Among the 12 cases, 6 cases of lesions in the femur and 2 cases in the tibia, 2 cases in the humerus and 2 cases in the other parts. CT showed the nidus and surrounding of the nidus with the different levels of hardening, and the nidus showed a round or oval translucent area with a diameter of 3~16mm. mean 9. 0mm, 7 cases wiht the center calcification. Conclusion Nidus is the key to diagnosis of osteoid osteoma, spiral CT scan shows nidus is the preferred method of examination in the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma.%目的 探讨螺旋CT在骨样骨瘤中的诊断价值.方法 对12例经病理证实且行X线和螺旋CT扫描检查的骨样骨瘤病人的影像学表现进行回顾性分析.结果 12例患者中,病灶位于股骨6例、胫骨2例、肱骨2例和其它部位2例.CT表现为瘤巢及其周围形成程度不同的反应性骨质硬化,瘤巢表现为一圆形或卵圆形的透亮区,直径为3~16mm,平均9.0mm,中心有钙化7例.结论 瘤巢是确诊骨样骨瘤的关键;螺旋CT扫描是显示瘤巢的首选检查方法,在骨样骨瘤诊断中具有重要的价值.

  13. CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma. Clinical long-term results; CT-gesteuerte Radiofrequenz(RF)-Ablation von Osteoidosteomen. Klinische Langzeitergebnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Diethard; Clasen, S.; Schaefer, J.F.; Rempp, H.; Koenig, C.W.; Claussen, C.D. [Universitaetsklinikum Tuebingen (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Duda, S.; Truebenbach, J. [Juedisches Krankenhaus, Berlin (Germany). Radiologen Praxis; Erdtmann, B. [Radiologie Zentrum Stuttgart, Bad Cannstatt (Germany). Praxis; Pereira, P.L. [SLK-Kliniken, Heilbronn (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie, Minimal-Invasive Therapien und Nuklearmedizin

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To evaluate CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma using internally cooled monopolar RF electrodes for technical success, complications and clinical long-term success. Materials and Methods: Between April 1999 and July 2009, 23 patients were treated under general anesthesia with CT-guided RF ablation using an internally cooled monopolar single RF electrode (Cool-tip, Valleylab, TycoHealthcare, Boulder, USA; active tip: 10 mm). For the removal of the nidus, we used either a manual or an automated drill. The technical success was evaluated by a CT scan (MSCT, Siemens Medical Solutions, Forchheim). The clinical long-term success was investigated by questioning patients prior to discharge, and after 6, 12 and 18 months. After 18 months, patients were interviewed on an annual basis. Results: The technical success rate was 100 %. The nidus was located in n = 19 cases at the lower extremity and in n = 4 cases at the upper extremity. Minor complications were observed for n = 2 patients. The mean hospitalization time was 1.5 d (1-2 d). The mean follow-up was 75.9 months (18-120 months) for n = 23 patients. No local recurrence was observed. One patient had intermediate pain one week after RF ablation without recurrent symptoms. Conclusion: CT-guided RF ablation using an internally cooled monopolar single RF electrode is an effective and safe minimally invasive method for the treatment of osteoid osteoma with excellent clinical long-term success. (orig.)

  14. Computed tomography guided navigation assisted percutaneous ablation of osteoid osteoma in a 7-year-old patient: the low dose approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krokidis, Miltiadis; Tappero, Carlo; Bogdanovic, Daniel; Stamm, Anna-Christina [Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric Radiology, Bern (Switzerland); Ziebarth, Kai [Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bern (Switzerland)

    2017-07-15

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign tumour that can cause severe pain and functional limitation to children and young adults; the treatment of choice is image-guided ablation. Due to the very small size of the lesion, detection and accurate needle placement may be challenging. Computed tomography (CT) offers very detailed imaging of the skeleton and is the modality of choice for the detection of small OO and for ablation guidance. Nevertheless, CT-guided positioning of the ablation applicator is linked to significant radiation exposure, particularly for the paediatric population. This case describes the successful use of a novel CT-based navigation system that offers the possibility of accurate ablation with only minimal radiation exposure in a paediatric patient. (orig.)

  15. CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in osteoid osteoma. Re-assessments of results with optimized technique and possible pain patterns in mid-term follow-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omlor, G.; Merle, C.; Lehner, B.; Ewerbeck, V. [Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany). Orthopaedische Universitaetsklinik; Rehnitz, C.; Weber, M.A. [Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Ludwig, K. [Klinikum Herford (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2012-04-15

    To re-assess radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of osteoid osteoma (OO) with an optimized technique and to evaluate patterns of post-interventional pain important for the detection of recurrence. 44 consecutive patients with OO treated with precise inclusion criteria by RFA were examined retrospectively. RFA was performed with an optimized technique. Technical success (TS), primary and secondary clinical success (PCS/SCS) and minor and major complications (MIC/MAC) were evaluated. Pain patterns defined as 'osteoid osteoma-specific pain' (OOSP) and 'unspecific pain' (UP), 'limitations in daily activity' (LDA) and 'patient satisfaction' (PS) were evaluated using a numeric rating scale (0 - 10; 0 = no pain, 0 = no limitation, 10 = fully satisfied). The pain intensity before and after RFA was compared. The mean follow-up time was 35 months (n = 40, range 2 - 60 months). TS was 100 % (n = 44), PCS 98 % (n = 44), and SCS 100 % (n = 40). MIC and MAC were 0 % (n = 44). OOSP was 0 after RFA in all 44 patients. UP was 0 in 24 of 40 patients (60 %), 1 in 11 patients (28 %) for up to 7 days and 1 - 4 in 5 patients (13 %) for 30 - 180 days. LDA was 0 in 39 of 40 patients (98 %), and 1 in 1 patient. PS was 10 in all patients. The pain after RFA was significantly less than before RFA (p < 0.0001). Using an optimized technique primary clinical success rates in the high nineties have to be expected. Unspecific pain of low intensity is not unusual after RFA and has to be distinguished from pain caused by recurrent disease. (orig.)

  16. Imaging appearances and its diagnostic value of osteoid osteoma%骨样骨瘤的影像学表现及诊断价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静; 张斌青; 刘玉珂; 郭会利; 李培岭; 张敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the imaging appearances and to evaluate the diagnostic value of X-ray,CT,MRI and fusion imaging of SPECT/CT in osteoid osteoma. Methods:Imaging features of 28 cases of osteoid osteoma proved by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively. 25 cases underwent X-ray,20 cases underwent CT,7 cases underwent MRI and 9 cases underwent image fusion of SPECT/CT. Results:The circular or oval nests were revealed in 28 patients,the diameter of nests ranged from 2.3 mm to 19.5 mm,the margin was clear and with different bone sclerosis surrounded it. X-ray:nests were seen on plain film in 12 cases,4 cases showed calcification. CT:nests were demonstrated in 19 of 20 cases,16 cases showed calcificat-ion,2 cases showed “vascular groove sign”. SPECT/CT:nests showed the imaging agent over concentration in 9 cases,concentra-tion was the most in the center but decreased progressively around it,all 9 cases showed “sun sign”. MRI:nests were seen in 4 of 7 cases (4/7),7 cases showed different degrees of bone marrow. Conclusions:Nest is the key in diagnosis of the osteoid osteoma. CT scan is the more accuracy method to demonstrate the nests. SPECT can discover the occult nidus. SPECT/CT can show nidus clearly and define the boundary of the disease.%目的:分析骨样骨瘤的X线、CT、MRI及SPECT-CT融合图像的表现,总结其影像学特征。方法:对我院经手术或穿刺病理证实的28例骨样骨瘤的影像学表现进行回顾性分析。25例行 X 线检查,20例行 CT 检查,7例行 MRI 检查,9例行SPECT-CT图像融合。结果:28例均出现大小不一的圆形或椭圆形瘤巢,直径为2.3~19.5 mm,瘤巢周围伴有不同程度的骨质硬化。 X线对瘤巢显示率为48%(12/25),4例瘤巢中心出现钙化;CT对瘤巢显示率为95%(19/20),出现钙化者16例,2例显示“血管沟征”;SPECT-CT融合图像,9例瘤巢均有显像剂团状异常浓聚,呈“太阳征”;MRI

  17. Arthroscopic treatment of osteoid osteoma in hind-foot%关节镜手术治疗后足骨样骨瘤疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何能斌; 胡涂; 宋国勋; 许同龙; 施忠民

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate clinical outcome of arthroscopic treatment of osteoid osteoma in hind‐foot . Methods From February 2013 to July 2014 ,8 cases of osteoid osteoma in hind‐foot were treated by arthroscopic manner .There were 5 males and 3 females with a mean age of 21 .25 years .The calcaneus was implicated in 5 cases and the talus was implicated in 3 cases .Overall functional evaluation was carried out according to Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) ,American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hind‐foot score .Results Eight cases were followed up for 4‐22 months (mean ,16 months) .There was no wound infection and neoplasm recurrence . The average VAS score reduced significantly from 8 .375 preoperatively to 0 .375 postoperatively ,and the average AOFAS ankle and hind‐foot score improved significantly from 40 .375 preoperatively to 92 .500 postoperatively . Conclusion The arthroscopic treatment of osteoid osteoma in hind‐foot is a safe and reliable treatment ,because it can resect the tumor completely ,and also limited the soft tissue complications .%目的探讨关节镜手术治疗后足骨样骨瘤临床疗效。方法2013年2月至2014年7月,采用关节镜手术治疗后足骨样骨瘤患者8例,其中男性5例,女性3例,平均年龄21.25岁。受累部位为跟骨5例,距骨3例。采用疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、美国足踝骨科学会(AOFAS)踝‐后足评分综合评估临床疗效。结果术后随访4~22个月,平均16个月。所有患者术后均无伤口感染、肿瘤复发等并发症发生。末次随访时 VAS评分由术前平均8.375分改善至术后平均0.375分,差异有统计学意义;AOFAS踝‐后足评分由术前平均40.375分改善至术后平均92.500分,差异有统计学意义。结论关节镜手术治疗后足骨样骨瘤在完整切除肿瘤的同时,可减少软组织并发症,是一种安全、可靠的治疗技术。

  18. Radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteomas. Analgesia and patient satisfaction in long-term follow-up; Radiofrequenzablation von Osteoidosteomen. Schmerzfreiheit und Patientenzufriedenheit im Langzeitverlauf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gebauer, B.; Collettini, F.; Bruger, C.; Streitparth, F. [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Schaser, K.D.; Melcher, I. [Charite - Universitaetsmedizin, Berlin (Germany). Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery; Tunn, P.U. [HELIOS-Klinikum Berlin-Buch (Germany). Dept. of Orthopaedic Oncology

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: To review the long term clinical outcomes in the treatment of osteoid osteoma (OO) using radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Materials and Methods: Our retrospective study included 59 patients who were treated in the period from April 2001 to December 2012 due to a symptomatic OO using RFA. Here, the occurrence of complications and postoperative recurrence, as well as postoperative patient satisfaction were examined. Patients satisfaction was assessed by means of a telephone interview with the visual analogue scale (VAS). Results: Mean follow-up was 50 months (2 - 116 months). The average size of the nidus was 6 mm (range 2 - 14 mm). After initial radiofrequency ablation 11.8 % (7/59) of patient showed a recurrence of symptoms. Symptoms could successfully be treated by a second ablation in 5 patients. Assisted success rate was therefore 96.6 % (57/59). The complication rate was 5.1 % (2 major and one minor complication). Furthermore we report a very high patient satisfaction and acceptance of therapy. Conclusion: RFA is a very successful therapy of symptomatic OOs with a high patient satisfaction. (orig.)

  19. Role of intraoperative 3D C-arm-based navigation in percutaneous excision of osteoid osteoma of long bones in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajasekaran, Shanmuganathan; Karthik, Karuppaiah; Chandra, Vattipalli Ravi; Rajkumar, Natesan; Dheenadhayalan, Jayaramaraju

    2010-03-01

    Failures of treatment of osteoid osteoma (OO) are related to errors in exact localization and incomplete excision of the nidus. We report the successful percutaneous excision of OO in five patients (upper end of femur - 3, tibia - 2). All patients had a minimally invasive reflective array fixed to the same bone followed by registration of anatomy by Iso-C three-dimensional (3D) C-arm. A tool navigator was used to plan the keyhole incision then a sleeve was introduced which allowed the usage of burr and curette to remove the tumor. After excision, the 3D C-arm was again used intraoperatively to confirm the complete eradication of the nidus. Adequate material for histology was obtained in four patients that confirmed the diagnosis of OO. In one child postexcision scans were successful in identifying incomplete removal requiring further excision of the nidus. All patients achieved excellent pain relief and were asymptomatic at an average follow-up of 3.2 years. 3D C-arm-based navigation offers the advantage of excellent localization, percutaneous excision, and intraoperative confirmation of adequate excision.

  20. 计算机导航辅助骨样骨瘤的外科治疗%Computer navigation-guided excision of osteoid osteomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛; 张清; 牛晓辉; 鱼锋; 李远; 赵海涛; 刘巍峰; 马珂; 杨发军

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨计算机导航技术在骨样骨瘤外科治疗中的意义.方法 回顾性分析2008年1月至2009年12月应用计算机导航辅助切除骨样骨瘤手术26例患者的临床资料,其中男性23例,女性3例,平均年龄18岁(7~35岁).26例患者肿瘤位于股骨干9例、股骨粗隆部4例、股骨颈2例、胫骨干5例、胫骨近端干骺端1例、髋臼2例、耻骨1例、脊柱附件1例、桡骨干1例.术前均经局部X线及CT扫描明确诊断.其中4例采用CT数据导航,22例采用Iso-C 3D C型臂术中实时导航.术中导航指引定位,精确切除瘤巢.结果 全部病例均完成导航手术,其中行开窗刮除12例、整块切除14例;植骨21例、未植骨5例.26例患者均经术中肉眼判定、术中导航指引器确认、术后X线和(或)CT扫描确认瘤巢去除充分.全部病例均经组织病理学确诊为骨样骨瘤,术后疼痛即刻缓解.全部病例均获随访,平均随访20.6个月(12~35个月),未见肿瘤复发和疼痛复发.结论 将计算机导航技术应用于骨样骨瘤的外科治疗,不仅使术中瘤巢定位更精确,而且对于复杂部位瘤巢的切除可以达到骨结构微创治疗的目的.对于骨干部位的骨样骨瘤,Iso-C 3D C型臂术中实时导航较CT数据导航更有帮助.%Objective To report the experience for the precision osteoid osteoma resection using computer navigation system. Methods Between January 2008 and December 2009, 26 surgical resections were performed for 26 patients who had osteoid osteoma with computer navigation system. There were 23 males and 3 females with an average age of 18 years (7 to 35). Tumors were located at femoral shaft 9,femoral trochanter 4, femoral neck 2, tibial shaft 5, metaphysic of proximal tibia 1, acetabulum 2, pubis 1,vertebral appendix 1 and radial shaft 1. Pre-operative X-ray and CT of each patient was performed to confirm the diagnosis. It was carried out intraoperatively the process of CT-based navigation in 4

  1. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma: Clinical success and long-term follow up in 77 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rehnitz, Christoph, E-mail: Christoph.Rehnitz@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Sprengel, Simon David, E-mail: SimonDavid.Sprengel@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Lehner, Burkhard, E-mail: Burkhard.Lehner@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Ludwig, Karl, E-mail: karl.ludwig@klinikum-herford.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Omlor, Georg, E-mail: Georg.Omlor@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Merle, Christian, E-mail: Christian.Merle@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich, E-mail: HU.Kauczor@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Ewerbeck, Volker, E-mail: Volker.Ewerbeck@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Weber, Marc-Andre, E-mail: MarcAndre.Weber@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2012-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate long-term success of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with osteoid osteoma (OO) and osteoblastoma (OB) including tumors in critical locations. Eighty-one CT-guided RFA procedures were performed in 77 patients with OO (65 patients) and OB (12) including 6 spinal and 15 intra/periarticular tumors. Procedural techniques included multiple needle positions, three-dimensional access planning, as well as, thermal protection techniques. Long-term success was assessed using a questionnaire including, among others, several VAS (visual analogue scale) scores. All patients completed 3-6 months follow-up, overall response to the questionnaire was 64/77 (83.1%). Primary success rate was 74/77 (96.1%) of all patients. Retreatment with RFA in 3 patients resulted in a secondary success rate of 77/77 (100%). Long-term follow-up (mean, 38.5 months; range, 3-92) revealed a highly significant (p < 0.001) reduction of all assessed limitation scores reaching normal or almost normal values. One major complication, a cannula break leading to a secondary short hospital stay, occurred. In conclusion, RFA is a safe and effective long-lasting treatment of OO and OB. Advanced procedural techniques aid treating tumors in critical locations and in the coverage of larger tumors. Besides night pain, RFA also greatly improves other factors negatively affecting the quality of life.

  2. CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of osteoid osteoma%CT导向下冷冻消融术治疗儿童骨样骨瘤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张肖; 肖越勇; 杨杰; 吴斌; 马旭阳; 刘士榕; 任超

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of osteoid osteoma in children.Methods Nine children with osteoid osteoma proved by histopathology were treated with CT-guided cryoablation from January 2007 to January 2010.There were 6 boys and 3 girls.Their mean age was ( 13.0 + 1.6 ) years ( ranging from 10.0-15.0 years ).The procedures were performed under local anesthesia.Eight G bone biopsy needles for biopsy and 17 G freezing needles were used in the procedure.CT guidance was used for procedural planning,instrument guidance,and monitoring.Each cryoablation included two freezing-thawing cycles.Follow-up was performed to assess technical and clinical outcome.A visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess severity of pain pre- and post-procedure,and mean VAS for the group was compared pre- and post-procedure with Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test.Results Biopsy and cryoablation were successfully performed in all children.No major immediate or postponed complications were observed.Significant pain relief ( P < 0.01 ) was observed in all patients after procedure.The VAS of preoperation(8 points 1 case,7 points 3 cases,6 points 4 cases,5 points 1 case) compared with that of one month after operation ( 1 point 4 cases,0 point 5 cases),the difference was statistically significant( H =32.838,P < 0.01 ).These patients were allowed to fully weight-bear and function without limitation 3 days after the procedure.Pain was obviously released.Pain recurrence was not observed in all patients.Moderate fever (37.8 ℃ ) was observed in a patient one day after operation and fully recovered 2 days later.Conclusion CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation is a safe and effective minimally invasive method for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in children.%目的 评估CT导向下冷冻消融术治疗儿童骨样骨瘤的安全性及有效性.方法 2007年1月至2010年1月期间,对9例病理证实的骨样骨瘤儿童患者行CT导向

  3. CT-guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for Spinal Osteoid Osteoma: Report of 3 Cases%CT引导下经皮穿刺射频消融术治疗脊柱骨样骨瘤3例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳晨; 刘晓光; 祝斌; 袁慧书; 韩嵩博; 马永强

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the preliminary clinical outcome of CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in patients with spinal osteoid osteoma. Methods Three patients who suffered spinal osteoid osteoma were treated with CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under local anesthesia. The lesions located in the cervical vertebral body, lumbar vertebral transverse process and sacral vertebral body, respectively, which were all adjacent to the spinal cord and nerve root. The tumors were damaged with radiofrequency at 90 "C for 4 minutes. Results No complications occured pre- and postoperation. The mean follow-up was 5 months (2, 6, and 7 months, respectively). All the cases obtained satisfactory pain relief. The VAS decreased by6, 8, and 8 respectively. No recurrence or nerve dysfunction occurred during the follow-up. Conclusions CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma is safe, minimal invasive and well-tolerated. It has exact curative effect in short-term. Further observation is needed to determine whether it can replace traditional operative resection.%目的 评价CT引导下经皮穿刺射频消融术治疗脊柱骨样骨瘤的临床效果.方法 3例脊柱骨样骨瘤,分别位于颈椎、腰椎和骶椎,肿瘤边缘紧邻脊髓或神经.局部麻醉后,CT引导下经皮穿刺将射频电极置入骨样骨瘤中心,应用90℃的射频高温持续4 rain对瘤巢进行损毁.结果 术中及术后无明显并发症发生.术后分别随访2、6、7个月(平均5个月),疼痛缓解满意,3例VAS评分分别下降了6、8、8分,随访期内疼痛无复发,无神经功能损害.结论 CT引导下经皮穿刺射频消融术治疗脊柱骨样骨瘤微创、安全,患者耐受性好,近期效果确切.

  4. The clinical applications of CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation of hip osteoid osteoma%CT引导下经皮穿刺微波热消融术治疗髋部骨样骨瘤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪经涛; 胡永成; 夏群; 王林森

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨CT引导下经皮穿刺微波热消融术治疗髋部骨样骨瘤的可行性.方法 2006年8月至2010年1月对8例髋部骨样骨瘤患者采用CT引导下经皮穿刺微波热消融治疗,男5例,女3例;年龄12~25岁,平均18.8岁.患者均有髋部疼痛症状,夜间加剧.病史2个月至10年.病变部位:股骨颈4例、股骨小转子2例、股骨大转子1例,股骨转子间1例.术中应用CT薄层横断扫描确定病灶部位,将骨穿刺针经皮穿入瘤巢中心.行CT扫描证实穿刺针位置准确后撤出针芯,用穿刺针套管刮除瘤壁及瘤巢内肿瘤组织送病理学检查.再将微波探针沿骨穿刺针穿入瘤巢中心,将瘤巢中心温度逐渐加热至90℃,保持4~6min.术后预防性应用抗生素2 d.结果 3例病理学检查诊断为骨样骨瘤,另5例仅获得诊断性描述.全部病例随访6~21个月.术后24 h内疼痛均有不同程度缓解,1例随访5个月时仍有轻度夜间隐痛,再次行微波热消融治疗,随访8个月无复发.所有患者均未见股骨头坏死及其他并发症.结论 CT引导下骨样骨瘤经皮穿刺微波热消融术可以有效缓解或消除髋部疼痛症状,术后并发症少,短期疗效好,是一种安全、有效的新方法.%Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the treatment for hip osteoid osteoma by CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation. Methods From August 2006 to January 2010, 8 patients with the osteoid osteomas of the hip were treated with CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation, including 5 males and 3 females with an average age of 18.8 years (range, 12 to 25). The history of local pain was ranging from 2 months to 10 years, with aggravation of pain at night. The locations of the lesions contained: 4cases in the neck of femur, 2 in the lesser trochanter, 1 in the greater trochanter and 1 in the femoral intertrochanteric line. After localization of the nidus with CT, osseous access was established with a Gallini puncturatio

  5. Appearances and Diagnostic Value of X-ray,CT and MR Imaging in Osteoid Osteoma%骨样骨瘤的X线、CT和MRI表现和诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晓毅; 陆勇; 江浩; 张华; 吴达明; 何国祥

    2001-01-01

    目的:分析骨样骨瘤的X线、CT和MRI表现,评价它们的诊断价值。方法:经手术病理证实,同时有X线、CT和MRI检查的骨样骨瘤22例,其中男19例,女3例。分析X线、CT和MRI对瘤巢和瘤巢周围改变的显示能力。结果:X线、CT和MRI分别有17、22和20例表现为有一圆形或卵圆形小于2 cm的瘤巢,瘤巢周围可有程度不一的骨质硬化、骨膜反应、软组织及骨髓腔水肿或相邻关节的肿胀。X线诊断的准确率为77.3%(17/22);CT诊断的准确率为100%(22/22);MR诊断的准确率为90.9%(20/22)。结论:大多数的骨样骨瘤具有较典型的影像学表现,易于诊断,其中以CT对瘤巢的定位最为准确,单凭X线或MR的表现可因未能显示瘤巢而误、漏诊。%Objective:To analysis the appearances and to evaluate the diagnostic value of X-ray CT and MR imaging in osteoid osteoma.Methods:22 cases 19 females and 3 males of osteoid osteoma proved by surgical pathology and their X-ray,CT and MRI were reviewed.The ability of X-ray,CT and MRI to demonstrate the nidus and surrounding reaction were analyzed.Results:The nidus were appeared as round or oval shape and the diameter was less than 2 cm.It was fomd in 17 cases of X-ray film,22 CT and 20 of MRI .There were different degree of bone sclerosis,periosteal reaction and soft tissues or bone marrow edema around the nidus.The diagnostic accuracy was 77.3% for X-ray,100% for CT and 90.9% for MRI.Conclusion:Most of osteoid osteoma have the typical appearances and is no difficult to make diagnosis.CT scan is the most accuracy method to demonstrate the nidus.It is possible to make misdiagnosis only with X-ray or MRI for the case that the hidus not be demonstodted.

  6. CT引导射频消融术治疗股骨颈骨样骨瘤六例%CT-guided radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in femoral neck:preliminary experience in 6 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉涛; 汪建华; 王海涛; 于志海; 涂灿; 左长京; 田建明

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation in treating osteoid osteoma located at femoral neck. Methods Six patients with osteoid osteomas in the femoral neck received CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. In all patients the main complaint was pain at the hip, and the course of disease varied from one month to 2 years, with an average of 8 months. Under spinal anesthesia the surgery was performed. With the help of CT guidance , a 3.5 to 4.0 mm coaxial drill system was inserted into the nidus, and an osseous access was established, then the bone biopsy needle was used to obtain specimens for pathological examination. Subsequently, a 1.5 to 2.0 cm active tip was introduced through a non-cooled radiofrequency needle into the nidus. Radiofrequency ablation was performed with the therapeutic temperature of 90℃, lasting for 6 minutes. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the clinical effectiveness. The postoperative MRI findings were compared with the preoperative ones. Results Three days after the treatment, different degrees of pain relief was obtained in all patients, and all patients could get out of bed and walked around in one week. Postoperative VSA was significantly decreased (P<0.01). No severe complications occurred during and after the procedure. And no recurrence was seen during the follow-up period. Conclusion For the treatment of osteoid osteoma located at femoral neck, CT-guided radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment with fewer complications and satisfactory clinical results.%目的:探讨CT引导下应用射频消融术(RFA)治疗股骨颈骨样骨瘤的可行性、安全性,并评估其疗效。方法对6例股骨颈骨样骨瘤患者采用CT引导下经皮穿刺RFA术治疗。患者均以髋关节疼痛症状为主,病程1个月~2年,平均8个月。手术在腰麻下进行,术中于 CT 引导下应用直径3.5~4

  7. 骨样骨瘤的X线CT和MRI表现及诊断价值分析%X-ray CT and MRI manifestations of osteoid osteoma and the diagnostic value analysis.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师卫华; 杜小萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the X-ray, CT and MRI manifestations of osteoid osteoma and diagnos-tic value. Methods The imaging data of 136 patients with osteoid osteoma in our hospital from February 2008 to Oc-tober 2011, confirmed by pathology, were analyzed. Results 136 patients received X-ray examination, 74.26% of which showed tumor nests. 111 patients received CT examination, all showed tumor nests. 42 patients received MRI examination, 78.57% of which showed tumor nests. The display rate of tumor nest by CT examination was significant-ly higher than that by the X-ray and MRI (P<0.05). Conclusion CT examination shows the highest rate of tumor nests, serving as the most accurate method. X-ray examination is the most widely used method, serving as an impor-tant method of examination. MRI performs poorly in displaying ossification and calcification, but excellent in soft tis-sue around. The combined use of the three methods results in greater diagnostic value.%目的 探讨骨样骨瘤的X线CT和MRI表现及诊断价值.方法 选取2008年2月至2011年10月在我院诊治并经病理学证实为骨样骨瘤的患者136例,对比分析其影像学资料.结果 136例患者均行X线检查,74.26%显示有瘤巢,行CT检查的患者111例,全部显示有瘤巢,行MRI检查的患者42例,78.57%显示有瘤巢,CT检查显示瘤巢率明显高于X线和MRI检查(P<0.05).结论 CT检查瘤巢显示率最高,是最准确的方法,X线检查使用最为广泛,是重要的检查方法,MRI对骨化和钙化的敏感度差,但对周围软组织分辨率高,可结合X线或CT检查应用于临床,三者联合,诊断价值更高.

  8. CLINICAL MANIFESTATION AND STRATEGY FOR SURGICAL RESECTION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THORACOLUMBAR VERTEBRAL OSTEOID OSTEOMA%胸腰椎椎体骨样骨瘤的临床表现和切除重建策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施鑫; 任可; 吴苏稼; 周光新; 黎承军; 陆萌; 赵建宁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical manifestation of thoracolumbar vertebral osteoid osteoma and to evaluate the surgical procedure and effectiveness of transpedicular tumor resection and spine reconstruction with posterior pedicle screw system and bone graft. Methods Between January 2001 and lune 2010, 8 cases of thoracolumbar vertebral osteoid osteoma underwent one-stage transpedicular intralesional excision and bone graft combined with spine reconstruction with pedicle screw system through posterior approach. There were 5 males and 3 females with a median age of 15.5 years (range, 6-27 years). Affected segments included T8 in 1 case, T10 in 1 case, L2 in 2 cases, L3 in 1 case, L, in 1 case, and L5 in 2 cases. All of the cases had back pain, 1 had radiating pain of lower extremity, and 4 patients presented with scoliosis. The mean diameter of lesions was 1.6 cm (range, 0.9-2.0 cm). Results The mean operation time was 110 minutes (range, 70-170 minutes) and the mean blood loss was 720 mL (range, 300-1 400 mL). The postoperative pathologic examination showed osteoid osteoma in all cases. All patients achieved healing of the incisions by first intention. Immediate relief of pain was observed after operation in all patients without complication. The patients were followed up 12-58 months (mean, 39 months). No local recurrence or spinal deformity was observed during the follow-up. Conclusion CT can show a low attenuation nidus with central mineral ization and varying degrees of perinidal sclerosis, so it has great value for final diagnosis of thoracolumbar vertebral osteoid osteoma. One-stage transpedicular intralesional excision supplemented by impaction bone graft and combined posterior pedicle screw stabilization is a safe and effective treatment.%目的 探讨胸腰椎椎体骨样骨瘤患者的临床表现特点和后路经椎弓根肿瘤切除植骨内固定手术的疗效.方法 2001年1月-2010年6月,收治8例胸腰椎椎体骨样骨瘤患者.男5例,女3

  9. Computer navigation-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of the osteoid osteomas:13-case report%计算机导航辅助经皮射频消融治疗骨样骨瘤13例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鱼锋; 张清; 赵海涛; 徐立辉; 牛晓辉

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨计算机导航技术辅助经皮射频消融治疗骨样骨瘤手术方法和临床效果。方法回顾性分析2011年6月至2012年11月,我科应用计算机导航辅助经皮射频消融治疗骨样骨瘤13例的临床资料,其中男12例,女1例,平均16.5(8~36)岁。术前均经局部X线、CT、MRI明确诊断。肿瘤位于股骨干4例、股骨粗隆2例、股骨颈2例、股骨髁2例、胫骨干2例、跟骨1例。13例均采用Iso-C 3D C型臂术中实时导航,计算机软件均使用Stryker公司的脊柱导航软件。术中导航指引定位,骨活检针(9G )精确到达瘤巢,行穿刺活检,保留套筒,将射频针导入瘤巢,90℃消融6 min。术后进行随访,并采用疼痛视觉类比评分法( VAS )和术后X线、CT判断疗效。结果13例均获11.2(4~20)个月的随访。全部病例均完成计算机导航辅助下射频消融手术,11例组织病理学确诊为骨样骨瘤,2例组织学无法诊断,病理确诊率85%。术后疼痛即刻缓解,VAS评分显著降低。术前平均4.7,术后3天1.3,术后3个月为0.1,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。全部病例随访未见肿瘤复发和疼痛复发。结论经皮射频消融治疗骨样骨瘤是一种简单、安全、有效的治疗方法。计算机导航技术的应用,使术中瘤巢定位更精确,使手术治疗的微创化成为现实。%Objective To investigate the surgical method and clinical results of computer navigation-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation ( RFA ) in the treatment of osteoid osteomas. Methods From June 2011 to November 2012, 13 patients with osteoid osteomas were treated with computer navigation-guided percutaneous RFA, whose clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 men and 1 woman with a mean age of 16.5 years old ( range;8-36 years ). Preoperatively all the diagnoses were conifrmed by the local X-ray, CT and MRI examinations. The femoral diaphysis was the most

  10. 7例足踝部骨样骨瘤的诊断与治疗分析%Diagonosis and treatment of osteoid osteoma in foot and ankle in 7 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪源; 徐向阳

    2014-01-01

    背景:骨样骨瘤是于1935年由Jaffe首次报道的一种良性成骨性疾患,具有界限清晰的局限性病灶。最常见的部位为股骨、胫骨等长干骨,而足踝部的骨样骨瘤较为少见。目的:研究足踝部骨样骨瘤的临床特点以及外科治疗效果。方法:回顾性分析2010年1月至2013年10月在我院足踝中心确诊的7例足踝部骨样骨瘤的临床资料,其中男5例,女2例,平均发病年龄21.5岁。受累部位:距骨5例,跟骨2例。发病至确诊时间平均为16个月(8~25个月),症状为疼痛,服用非甾体抗炎药可缓解。2例发病之前有相关部位的外伤史。3例曾于我院或外院诊断为其他疾病,并行相关手术治疗。1例外院确诊骨样骨瘤,手术切除后1年复发。所有患者均接受肿瘤刮除+植骨治疗。结果:术后平均随访14个月(2~24个月),患者疼痛症状均消失,未见病灶复发,无植骨反应,无病理性骨折。结论:足踝部骨样骨瘤发病少见,其临床表现容易与其他疾病相混淆。所以,需要密切结合患病部位的临床表现、完善的影像学检查和准确的组织活检做出明确诊断,并给以相应治疗。%Background:Osteoid osteoma is first reported in 1935 by Jaffe. It is a kind of benign bone disease with the limitation of well-defined lesions. The most common involved site is femur, tibia and other long bones. It is rarely seen in the foot and ankle. Objective:To research the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment effect of osteoid osteoma in the foot and ankle. Methods:Seven patients diagnosed as osteoid osteoma in the foot and ankle in our hospital between January 2010 and Octo-ber 2013 were enrolled in the retrospective study. There were 5 males and 2 females with a mean age of 21.5 years. The ta-lus was involved in 5 cases and the calcaneus was in 2 cases. It took 8-25 months (average 16 months) from onset to final di-agnosis. The

  11. 股骨颈关节囊内骨样骨瘤的临床及影像特点%Clinical and imaging features of intra-articular osteoid osteoma in the femoral neck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾泳瀚; 程晓光; 栾贻新; 顾翔; 李江涛

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical and imaging characteristics of osteoid osteoma in femoral neck and to improve diagnostic accuracy of this disease.Methods Twenty-one patients (18 males and 3 females,age,7-26 years,median age,13 years) with pathologically proven osteoid osteoma of the femoral neck were retrospectively analyzed for their clinical profile and radiologic features.CT and X-ray examinations were performed in all patients,10 of them pefformed post-contrast CT scan and 4 of them performed MRI examinations.Results Nineteen patients had hip pain (pain worse at night in 11,and 8 received salicylates treatment with good response),and 2 patients only with intermittent claudication.The duration ranged from 2 months to 54 months (median duration 12 months).X-ray: Nidus was seen on plain film in 10 cases,18 cases showed different degrees of bone sclerosis of the nidus.CT: Nidus was demonstrated in all cases.Among them,8 were intracortical,6 were subperiosteal,7 were endosteal.Twenty cases showed different degrees of bone sclerosis of the nidus-extra-articular anteromedial cortical surface of the femur neck.Nineteen cases showed "vascular groove sign".MRI: Nidus was seen in 4 cases.Bone sclerosis was low signal on all sequences.Three cases had joint effusion,4 cases had bone marrow edema,and 2 cases had synovial thickening.Conclusions Although osteoid osteoma of femoral neck has non-specific clinical features,the radiographic findings are usually typical.The nidus of osteoid osteoma is often located within the joint.Bony sclerosis occurs at the area of extra-articular anteromedial cortical surface of the femur neck.CT examination remains an optimal method to identify the nidus.%目的 分析股骨颈骨样骨瘤的临床及影像特点,提高对本病的诊断水平.方法 回顾性分析21例经手术病理证实的股骨颈骨样骨瘤的临床及影像学资料.其中男18例、女3例;年龄7~26岁,中位年龄13岁.所有病例均行常规X线及CT检

  12. Perioperative nursing of children in CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma%CT引导下骨样骨瘤射频消融术患儿的围手术期护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓清; 古宏文; 杨叶香; 陈碧英

    2011-01-01

    Objective To sulnmarize the perioperative nursing experience of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of fight tibia osteoid osteoma in children.Methods One case of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation was clinically observed and nursed.Results The patient underwent a successful surgery without complications,healing well.Condusions Good psychological care,safety care before the operation and improved preoperative preparation are the key to make sure that the operation goes smoothly.Strengthening the observation and care after surgery could effectively reduce complications and improve cure rate.%目的 总结CT引导下右胫骨骨样骨瘤射频消融术患儿的围手术期护理经验.方法 通过对1例需要行CT引导下射频消融治疗的患儿进行临床观察和护理.结果 该例患儿手术成功、无并发症发生,愈合良好.结论 术前做好心理护理、安全护理,以及完善各项术前准备是保证手术顺利进行的关键.术后加强观察和护理可有效减少各种并发症,提高治愈率.

  13. 探讨骨样骨瘤影像学特点及冷循环射频消融对其治疗效果评估%To Evaluate the Success Rate of Cold Mode RFTA as the Treatment for Intramedullary Osteoid Osteoma and Study Imaging Features of It

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂恒业; 席强; 赵鑫; 冀鑫

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究髓内骨样骨瘤影像特点,探讨磁共振在评估冷循环射频消融治疗效果的应用价值。方法3例进行冷循环射频消融术髓内骨样骨瘤,48例行非冷循环射频消融术的皮质和骨膜下骨样骨瘤患者,术后观察比较两组影像学变化。结果髓内骨样骨瘤X线、CT瘤巢周围软组织及骨髓肿胀明显,边界不清晰,瘤巢不典型,部分无周围硬化缘。MRI可查到瘤巢,髓内呈软组织信号改变,可表现为假象侵袭性表现。术后所有患者疼痛缓解和临床症状改善。骨样骨瘤患者中,治疗后24月随访后,无复发现象。28例骨皮质和骨膜下型需补加非冷循环射频消融术。3例髓内骨样骨瘤术后完全治愈。结论 CT引导的RFTA 将成为儿童第一线治疗方法,因创伤性低,并发症率少。应用冷态模型,骨样骨瘤局部治疗是非常有效的。治疗成功指标是疼痛消失和MR图像骨髓信号恢复正常。%Objective To study the particular imaging features of intramedullary osteoid osteoma and evaluate success rate of cold mode radio-frequency thermal ablation (RFTA) as the treatment of it.Methods Three patients had tibial intramedullary osteoid osteoma who underwent RFTA and forty-eight patients with cortical and subperiosteal lesions were treated by the non-cooled mode, finally compared the difference between the two groups.Results The swelling of marrow and the soft tissue around the nest, no Clear boundary, the nest is not typical, no hardening around the rim with intramedullary osteoid osteoma. The intramedullary soft tissue changes may show as a misleadingly aggressive appearance in MRI. Treated by the RFTA, all patients were pain-free and in good recovery. In the intramedullary osteoid osteoma group, no recurrences were observed during the 24-month follow-up period, but 28 patients who got cortical osteoid osteoma required a supplementary RF treatment to completely heal the

  14. Mastoid osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umesh Chandra Parashari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas are benign tumors of mesenchymal origin. Osteomas of head and neck origin have been described, but mastoid osteoma form a rare entity with only 150 cases being reported in the literature. Osteomas of the mastoid bone are usually asymptomatic but may cause cosmetic deformity. We reported a rare case of mastoid osteoma in a young female with a hard swelling in the postauricular region, which was clinically asymptomatic, but causing cosmetic deformity and gave unseemly appearance. On imaging studies, radiographs of skull showed a dense radiopacity in the mastoid region and noncontrast computed tomography of the temporal bone showed a densely calcified lesion of bone attenuation in left mastoid.

  15. Clavicular osteoma associated with bronchial osteomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saglik, Yener; Yiliz, H. Yusuf; Erakar, Aziz [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, 06100, Ankara (Turkey); Kendi, Tuba Karaguelle [Integra MR Imaging Center, Ankara (Turkey); CMRR, University of Minnesota, 2021 6th Street SE, MN 55455, Minneapolis (United States); Guengoer, Adem [Department of Chest Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, 06100, Ankara (Turkey); Erekul, Selim [Department of Pathology, Ankara University School of Medicine, 06100, Ankara (Turkey)

    2004-04-01

    Osteoma is a rare benign tumor, composed of bony tissues. It predominantly involves the skull but rarely the long bones. In this report we present a case of clavicular osteoma associated with bronchial osteomas. This association has not previously been reported. There was no evidence of Gardner's syndrome. (orig.)

  16. Gastric Osteoma in a Dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Y. Kye, J. S. Park, S. K. Ku1, S. H. Yun, T. H. Oh, K.W. Lee, Y. S. Kwon and K. H. Jang*

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An eight year old female dog was referred with anorexia, nervousness and emaciation. At the point of time, severe lifelessness was the only symptom. Then euthanasia was done according to the owner’s decision. As a result of postmortem examination, thin white matters were found on the gastric mucosa of the greater curvature and there were no other significant gross findings. Tissue specimens were collected from the gastric wall, esophagus, gall bladder, aorta, heart, kidneys, liver, mesenteric lymph node, lungs, urinary bladder and spleen and processed for histopathology. Microscopically, the masses of stomach were consisted of well-differentiated osteoid tissues, the compact bone-osteocytes and the matured lamellated bone with Haversian system. It was diagnosed as osteoma of the stomach. Other organs were free on such histological findings.

  17. Miliary Osteoma Cutis of the Face: A Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Emre

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma cutis (cutaneous ossification (OC is a rare disorder with true bone formation within the skin. Multiple miliary osteoma cutis of the face (MMOCF is a cause of acquired OC, is characterized by multiple, small, and primary osteomas in the skin tissue of the face and is a benign extraskeletal and rare bone formation. To date, 52 cases with MMOCF have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a 56-year-old female patient presented with multiple small, firm, skin-colored papules on the forehead and face lasting for 4 years. She had no history of preexisting acne or any local inflammatory disease at the lesional sites. The skin biopsy revealed osteoid formation with central degeneration and calcification in the dermis. Depending on these clinical and histopathological findings, the patient was diagnosed as MMOCF.

  18. Bilateral inferior turbinate osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahemey, R.; Warfield, A.T.; Ahmed, S.

    2016-01-01

    Osteomas are the most common benign osteoclastic tumours of the paranasal sinuses. However, nasal cavity and turbinate osteomas are extremely rare. Only nine middle turbinate, three inferior turbinate and one inferior turbinate osteoma cases have been reported to date. The present case report describes the management and follow-up of symptomatic bilateral inferior turbinate osteoma. A 60-year-old female presented with symptoms of bilateral nasal obstruction and right-sided epiphora. Radiological investigation found hypertrophic bony changes involving both inferior turbinates. The patient was managed successfully by endoscopic inferior turbinectomies in order to achieve a patent airway, with no further recurrence of tumour after 3 months postoperatively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of bilateral inferior turbinate osteoma. We describe a safe and minimally invasive method of tumour resection, which has a better cosmetic outcome compared with other approaches. PMID:27534890

  19. Osteoma de mastóide: relato de caso e revisão da literatura Mastoid osteoma: report of a case and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia M. S. Takenaka

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma de mastóide é um tumor benigno, composto de tecido ósseo, de rara freqüência. Apresenta crescimento lento, permanecendo estável por anos. É normalmente assintomático, apesar de causar na maioria das vezes deformidade estética. No seu diagnóstico diferencial encontram-se principalmente as lesões isoladas do osso temporal, tais como a displasia fibrosa monostótica e osteoma osteóide. No presente estudo, os autores fazem uma revisão da literatura sobre osteoma de mastóide, e relatam um caso do mesmo em detalhes.Osteoma of the mastoid is a rare benign bone-forming tumor composed by bone tissue. It is a slow growing tumor that is kept stable for years. Normally it is asymptomatic, although it may cause cosmetic deformities most of the time. Its differential diagnosis presents mostly temporal bone isolated lesions, such as monostotic fibrous dysplasia and osteoid osteoma. In the present study the authors make a review of the literature on osteoma of the mastoid and describe one case.

  20. a brodie's abscess of femoral neck mimicking osteoid osteoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    2016-01-01

    Jan 1, 2016 ... osteomyelitis, its unusual MRI features and the importance of obtaining a ... pain was insidious in onset, dull aching in nature, ... restricted and painful terminally as ... right hip, the left knee and the spine showed no positive ...

  1. Efficacy of computed tomography guided radiofrequency ablation forosteoid osteomas in 31 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Hoon; Ahn, Joong Mo; Lee, Joon Woo; Lee, Guen Young; Lee, Eu Gene; Oh, Joo Han; Cho, Hwan Seong; Kang, Heung Sik [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-04-15

    To present the clinical outcome of computed tomography (CT) guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for osteoid osteoma. Thirty-one patients (M:F = 23:8, mean age: 20 years, range: 4-54 years) who underwent RFA for clinically suspected osteoid osteoma from May 2004 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. RFA was done in all cases under CT guidance by one of three radiologists in our department. Electronic medical records and images were retrospectively reviewed in all patients. Lesions were located in femur (n = 20), tibia (n = 5), fibula (n = 2), humerus (n = 3), talus (n = 2), and calcaneus (n = 1). On discharge, 27 of 33 cases showed complete remission of pain (82%). One major complication (compartment syndrome) and 2 minor complications (reactive synovitis, minimal skin burn at electrode insertion site) were observed. On the last follow-up (0-78 months, mean: 12.6 months) 27 of 33 cases were successfully treated (82%) and had no more complaints. 3 cases presented remaining pain (9%). In 3 cases relapse occurred (9%) and RFA was repeated in 1 case. The repeated treatment was successful. CT-guided RFA is an effective method for the treatment of osteoid osteoma.

  2. [A peripheral osteoma].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mizbah, K.; Soehardi, A.; Maal, T.J.J.; Weijs, W.L.J.; Merkx, M.A.W.; Barkhuysen, R.

    2012-01-01

    A 43-year-old man appeared with a painless, asymptomatic swelling on the left side of his neck, which had existed for years and had slowly been progressing. After surgical removal, it became clear that it had to do with a peripheral osteoma. This is a benign lesion with a low incidence. Generally, c

  3. A rare case of petrous apex osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cece, Hasan; Yildiz, Sema; Iynen, Ismail; Karakas, Omer; Karakas, Ekrem; Dogan, Ferit

    2012-06-01

    Osteomas are the most common tumours of the cranial vault and facial skeleton. Temporal bone osteoma is a rare entity. An osteoma arising from the petrous apex is extremely rare. We present a case of osteoma arising from the petrous apex followed by a discussion of the etiology, presentation, and radiologic findings.

  4. Choroidal osteoma - case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, N; Rahman, N A; Uddin, M S

    2014-07-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a rare disease. In this article four case histories were described. All were female and young patient. One patient had bilateral and other three had unilateral involvement. They had no family history. One patient reported at eye department in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and the other three patients reported in Bangladesh Eye Hospital. Choroidal osteoma is a benign tumor. It is diagnosed by fundoscopy, ocular B-scan ultrasonography, x-ray orbit, FFA, OCT and CT-scan of orbit. Most patients do not require treatment. Hemorrhage on the lesion suggests the presence of sub-retinal neovascularization which are typically treated with laser or intra-vitreal anti-VEGF.

  5. Ivory Osteoma Of Temporal Bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Meher

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas are slow growing bony tumors common in fronto-ethmoid regions and rare in temporal bone. These are usually asymptomatic and require treatment mainly for cosmetic reasons. We describe a case of temporal bone osteoma in a female.

  6. Uitwerking Richtsnoer 'Enuresis nocturna' voor kinderen met hardnekkige klachten [Further development of 'Enuresis nocturna' guidelines for children with persistent problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hirasing, R.A.; Leerdam, F.J.M. van; Sukhai, R.N.; Capelle, J.W. van; Froeling, F.M.J.A.; Vijverberg, M.A.W.

    2004-01-01

    Om een kind met hardnekkige klachten van enuresis nocturna droog te krijgen, is het van belang om na te gaan welke factoren een rol spelen bij het bedplassen en waarom eerdere behandeling is mislukt. Het gebruik van een mictielijst is hierbij onmisbaar. De behandeling moet op maat worden gegeven. De

  7. [The mastoid osteoma, an incidental feature?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez Pérez, Angel Daniel; Rodríguez Romero, Rafael; Domínguez Durán, Emilio; Riquelme Montaño, Pedro; Alcántara Bernal, Ricardo; Monreal Rodríguez, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Osteoma in the mastoid is a rare benign osteogenic tumour that has been described in literature in only 137 cases. It usually appears in asymptomatic patients, although a few cases are described associated with clinical manifestations. We report three cases of mastoid osteoma: a pedunculated osteoma in the aditus ad antrum (associated with a cholesteatoma), a superficial osteoma of the mastoid surface and a sessile osteoma that progressed to the temporal lobe (associated with vertigo). A brief review of this rare entity is presented and a possible association between mastoid osteoma, cholesteatoma otitis and vertigo is posed.

  8. Plate-like osteoma cutis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, Charisse M; Hale, Christopher S; Meehan, Shane A; Long, Wendy

    2014-12-16

    Osteoma cutis is the aberrant development of bone within the skin. The bone formation may be de novo (primary) or result from an injury to the skin (secondary). Here we present a healthy 53-year-old man with no known abnormalities in calcium or phosphate metabolism with plate-like osteoma cutis of the scalp. Plate- or plaque-like osteoma cutis was initially described as a congenital condition but has now been reported several times in the literature as an idiopathic process that occurs in adults. Treatment options are limited and are only required if the lesion is bothersome to the patient.

  9. Osteomas de los senos paranasales

    OpenAIRE

    Gay Escoda, Cosme; Bescos Atín, M.

    1990-01-01

    Se revisaron 21 pacientes con osteomas de los senos paranasales de un total de 86 pacientes estudiados, afectos de osteomas de la región craneofacial, con una media de edad de cincuenta años y predominio masculino (211). La localización más frecuente de los osteomas paranasales fue el seno frontal (57 por 100), seguido de los senos maxilar, etmoidal y esfenoidal. Se destaca la gran proporción de casos que fueron diagnosticados fortuitamente (45 por 100). La cefalea fue el síntoma más precoz y...

  10. The biofeedback treatment for non-monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebiloglu, Turgay; Ergin, Giray; Irkilata, Hasan Cem; Kibar, Yusuf

    2016-01-01

    Enuresis is a child older than 5 years wetting in discrete portions during sleep. It has two subgroups: monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna (MSEN) and non-monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna (NMSEN). In this research, we specifically aimed to examine the effect of biofeedback in NMSEN. We retrospectively analyzed the hospital records of 182 children with NMSEN who were refractory to urotherapy modifications and directed to biofeedback therapies between 2005 and 2010. Enuresis before and after biofeedback therapies was evaluated. One or less enuretic night in a month was defined as success. There were 118 (64%) girls and 64 (35%) boys. With biofeedback therapy, 117 of 182 patients recovered with a success rate of 64% (P Biofeedback therapy is an effective treatment option for the enuresis component of NMSEN with a 64% success rate. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Multiple Osteomas in Middle Ear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongxin Li

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the first description of middle ear osteomas by Thomas in 1964, only few reports were published within the English literatures (Greinwalid et al., 1998; Shimizu et al., 2003; Cho et al., 2005; and Jang et al., 2009, and only one case of the multiple osteomas in middle ear was described by Kim et al., 2006, which arose from the promontory, lateral semicircular canal, and epitympanum. Here we describe a patient with multiple middle ear osteomas arising from the promontory, incus, Eustachian tube, and bony semicanal of tensor tympani muscle. This patient also contracted the chronic otitis media in the ipsilateral ear. The osteomas were successfully removed by performing type III tympanoplasty in one stage.

  12. An isolated nasolacrimal duct osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joo Yeon; Kwon, Jae Hwan

    2013-07-01

    Osteomas of the nose and paranasal sinus are common benign tumors that can extend to surrounding structures and result in orbital or intracranial involvement. Presenting symptoms include facial pain, headache, cerebral symptoms, ocular symptoms, and so on, depending on the location and size of the tumor. They commonly occur within the frontal, ethmoid, maxillary, and sphenoid sinuses; however, there are rare cases of reported osteomas in the nasal cavity, turbinate, or orbit. Our case report describes a patient with nasolacrimal duct osteoma who presented with ipsilateral ocular pain, epiphora, and medial canthal swelling. We performed intranasal dacryocystorhinostomy using a nasal endoscope and removed the lacrimal duct osteoma. This report describes symptoms and management of an isolated nasolacrimal duct stone with a review of the literature.

  13. Jactatio capitis nocturna with persistence in adulthood: case report

    OpenAIRE

    ALVES,ROSANA S.C.; FLÁVIO ALÓE; SILVA,ADEMIR B.; TAVARES,STELLA M.

    1998-01-01

    Rhythmic movement disorder, also known as jactatio capitis nocturna, is an infancy and childhood sleep-related disorder charactherized by repetitive movements occurring immediately prior to sleep onset and sustained into light sleep. We report a 19-year-old man with a history of headbanging and repetitive bodyrocking since infancy, occurring on a daily basis at sleep onset. He was born a premature baby but psychomotor milestones were unremarkable. Physical and neurological diagnostic workups ...

  14. Solitary peripheral osteomas of the jaws

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franca, Talita Ribeiro Tenorio de; Gueiros, Luiz Alcino Monteiro; Castro, Jurema Freire Lisboa de; Leao, Jair Carneiro; Cruz Perez, Danyel Elias da [Oral Pathology Unit, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife (Brazil); Catunda, Ivson [Hospital Geral de Areas, Recife (Brazil)

    2012-06-15

    Osteoma is a benign osteogenic tumor composed of cancellous or compact bone, classified as peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Peripheral osteomas are uncommon. Excluding the maxillary sinuses, the maxilla is a rare site for osteomas. The purpose of this report was to describe clinicopathological and radiological features of two peripheral osteomas occurring in the jaws, one located in the mandible and another in the edentulous maxillary alveolar ridge. The tumors were asymptomatic and were fully excised without any complications or recurrence. The lesions were submitted to histopathological analysis and diagnosed as peripheral osteoma, compact type.

  15. Choroidal osteoma: US and CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun; Park, Sang Woo [Armed Forces Kwangju Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jeong Hun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate US and CT features of choroidal osteoma. US and CT scans of seven cases of choroidal osteoma occurring in six patients were retrospectively analyzed. We analysed US and CT findings with particular attention to the location, size, and shape of calcification associated with choroidal osteoma, and sought the possible cause of the tumor, if any. None of six patients had any possible cause related to choroidal osteoma. All of seven cases of choroidal osteoma were manifested as calcified mass which were located in the posterior wall of the eyeball near the juxtapapillary region. Calcification ranged in size from 1 to 2 cm and had curvilinear shape. Both US and CT were equally useful to evaluate choroidal osteoma. By depicting the characteristic calcification, US and CT are useful imaging modalities in evaluating choroidal osteoma.

  16. [Big osteoma of ethmoid sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Ping

    2014-04-01

    Sinus osteoma is a common nasal and sinus disease, while the clinical cases of osteoma with a diameter greater than 30 millimeter are rarely seen. This paper reports a case of a 39-years-old male patient discovered with one-year long swelling pain in the right eye. The patients' right eye was mildly prominent and he suffered from hypopsia and diplopia. After CT scanned, he have ethmoid osteoma been discovered, besides, the right media rectus compression and orbital apex compression and consequent pathologically were diagnosed. The solid tumor ranged widely from the anterior skull base to the superior and interior orbital walls,and thus deprived the patient's complete surgical resection. As an attempt to prevent complications, most parts of the tumors were sur gically removed.

  17. Lingual osteoma in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, M; Grau-Roma, L; Roura, X; Majó, N

    2012-08-01

    An 11-year-old male Belgian shepherd dog was evaluated for a one-week history of progressive lethargy, decreased appetite and excessive panting. On physical examination, a pedunculated mass protruding from the right side of the tongue base was observed. The mass was solid, irregular and multi-lobulated, and it measured approximately 4 × 2 cm. The mass was surgically excised. The histological examination was consistent with a lingual osteoma and the margins were free of neoplastic cells. The dog was euthanased eight months after the diagnosis because of an unrelated problem and no evidence of recurrence at the surgical site was appreciated at that time. To the author's knowledge, this is the first report of a lingual osteoma in a dog, and, therefore, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of masses on the tongue, especially pedunculated masses located at the base of the tongue.

  18. Osteomas of the middle ear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sente Marko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Osteomas of the middle ear are small, single, usually unilateral, peduncular growths, off-white in color, with smooth or multilobular surface, asymptomatic or causing functional disorders (progressive hearing loss, pathological appearance of the eardrum, vertigo and otorrhea, of unclear or unknown etiology. Fleury described three types of osteomas: massive, diffuse atticoantral and localized type. The therapy is surgical. Small and asymptomatic ones are followed-up. Cremers suggests surgical intervention in cases of progressive growth and increased hearing loss. Case description Discharge and pain in the left ear started twelve years ago, accompanied by impaired hearing and tinnitus. Four months ago the symptoms aggravated and discharge and pain increased. Otomicroscopic findings revealed: perforation in the posterior attic and a prominent polypous, clustered bright red formation. Schüller X-ray showed total absence of pneumocyte cells, with distinct sclerotic changes. Retroauricular access showed a biventricular bony formation in the cavum and partly in the antrum. A cholesteatoma extended from the cavum into the antrum, above the osteatoma. The bony formation was separated transmeatally from the grip in the posterior attic using a chisel, partially removing the bone wall of the exterior aural tube, removing it completely through the mastoid antrum. The removed bony mass, sized 5 x 8 x 8 mm, included also the incus. DISCUSSION Osteoma was discovered accidentally. Regarding clinical features, it belonged to the second group, due to progressive hearing loss, recurrent episodes of otorrhea, pain, biventricular shape and association with cholesteatoma. It was removed using a combined method. It was not possible to establish when the osteoma exactly started generating. It is possible that the initial complaints twelve years ago were the first signs of illness, and chronic otitis may have occurred as a consequence of the tumor.

  19. Oral osteoma in 6 dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volker, Mary Krakowski; Luskin, Ira R

    2014-01-01

    Medical records of patients with a histopathological diagnosis of oral osteoma were reviewed for information on signalment, body weight, history, clinical signs, physical examination and diagnostic imaging findings, surgical procedure performed, and histopathologic characteristics. Clinical signs related to the mass were noted in 2 dogs. One mass was documented to have been present for > 3-years, 3 of the masses were noted on physical examination, and 2 masses were noted during professional scaling and survey intraoral radiographs. All six masses had radiographic signs of bone proliferation without bone lysis. One case had radiographic root resorption of adjacent dentition. Four of the masses were classified as central osteoma and 2 were classified as peripheral osteoma based on clinical and radiographic findings. Four masses were treated with excisional biopsy that consisted of wide excision (rostral maxillectomy) [n = 1] and 3 had marginal excisions (en bloc resection) [n = 3]. Two of the masses were debulked with subsequent biopsy. There was no indication of recurrence in the cases with excisional biopsy and minimal progression in the cases that had lesions debulked > 5.5-months following surgery.

  20. Intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamide, Tomoya; Nakada, Mitsutoshi; Hayashi, Yutaka; Hayashi, Yasuhiko; Uchiyama, Naoyuki; Hamada, Jun-Ichiro

    2009-11-01

    We report a 57-year-old man with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma. He had a history of severe allergic rhinitis, which caused him to frequently blow his nose, and he was referred to our hospital with headache and mild left hemiparesis. CT scans revealed a large volume of intraparenchymal air entrapped in the right frontal lobe related to an osteoma in the ethmoid sinus. The osteoma eroded the upper wall of the sinus and extended into the anterior cranial fossa. At operation, we observed that the osteoma had protruded intracranially through the skull base, disrupted the dura and extended into the frontal lobe. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by an ethmoid sinus osteoma.

  1. 肋骨骨样骨瘤1例%One case osteoid osteoma of ribs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽华; 胡光亮; 吴新彦

    2007-01-01

    骨样骨瘤在临床上较多见.多发生于股骨、胫骨等长管骨,少见于短管骨、脊椎、跟骨等不规则骨.偶见于颅骨。肋骨发病者迄今未见报道.现报道一例经手术病理证实的肋骨骨样骨瘤。

  2. Osteoid osteoma of the cervical spine. A case report; Osteoidosteom der Halswirbelsaeule. Ein Fallbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holl, K.; Wurm, G. [O.Oe. Landesnervenklinik, Linz (Austria). Neurochirurgische Abt.; Nussbaumer, K. [O.Oe. Landesnervenklinik, Linz (Austria). Neuroradiologische Abt.; Drlicek, M. [O.Oe. Landesnervenklinik, Linz (Austria). Pathologisches Inst.; Wurm, J. [Ludwig Boltzmann Inst. fuer Neuroonkologie, Chirurgische Abt. der O.Oe. Landeskinderklinik, Linz (Austria)

    2001-07-01

    The clinical picture of an OO in the 5th cervical vertebra is illustrated with the case history of a 13 year-old boy. Although in fact a rare case, it becomes evident through reference to and comparison with the literature that this case is a typical one in all aspects. (orig./CB) [German] Das klinische Bild eines OO im 5. Halswirbel wird anhand der Krankengeschichte eines 13-jaehrigen Jungen illustriert werden. Damit wird ein seltener, aber bei Vergleich mit der Literatur in allen Aspekten typischer Fall eines zervikalen OO dargestellt. (orig.)

  3. The relationship of enuresis nocturna and adenoid hypertrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhsin Balaban

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was organized to assess the relationship of enuresis nocturna (EN and upper airway obstruction (UAO in children. Material and Methods: This study was multi-centrically and prospectively designed including 79 children who presented to a urology clinic with symptoms of EN between January 2013 and February 2014. Sixty-four age-matched children with no history of urological complaints were randomly recruited from children admitted to a pediatric clinic as a control group. All children and parents were asked to fill out a dysfunctional elimination syndrome (DES questionnaire and children were examined by an ear, nose and throat (ENT specialist to evaluate the UAO. Descriptive statistics, chisquare and Mann-Whitney-U tests were used to compare variables. Results: The mean ages of the 79 children (48 male, 31 female in the study group and the 64 children (41 male, 23 female in the control group were 10.14+/-3.38 and 9.17+/- 2.85, respectively. Family history of the study showed that 19% of the children’s mothers, 10% of the children’s fathers and 37% of the children’s siblings had experienced EN. There was a significant difference between the study and the control groups in terms of urge to urinate, bladder emptying, bowel symptoms and psychological stress. There was also a significant difference between rates of tonsillar hypertrophy and nasopharynx obstruction in the EN group (p = 0.009. Conclusion: In this study we found that half of the children with EN had tonsillar hypertrophy, which was significantly higher than in the control group. Further studies are needed to clarify the exact relationship between UAO and EN.

  4. Osteoma of the middle ear: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Ji Hwa [College of Medicine, Inje University, Dongrae Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-07-15

    Osteomas of the middle ear are exceedingly rare benign neoplasms. To date, only 21 cases have been reported in the literature. They arise from the promontory, the pyramidal process and the ossicles, and they are usually asymptomatic or cause some conductive hearing loss. We report here the CT and pathologic findings in a 38-year-old woman with a benign osteoma of the middle ear along with chronic otitis media.

  5. Osteoma of temporomandibular joint: a rarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, Neeta; Srivastava, Saurabh; Bodade, Pankaj R; Rastogi, Vikalp

    2013-09-06

    Osteoma is a benign tumour consisting of mature bone tissue. It is an uncommon lesion that occurs in the bones of the craniofacial complex. Only a few cases involving the temporomandibular joint have been reported. An osteoma of the left temporomandibular joint causing limited mouth opening in a 22-year-old man with CT findings revealing the unusual possibility in differential diagnosis of trismus.

  6. Frontal headache induced by osteoma of frontal recess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung Soo

    2013-01-01

    We reported a case of osteoma involving the frontal recess, which presented as frontal headache and reviewed literatures. Also, this case highlights that sinunasal osteomas can cause pain by local mass effects, referred pain, or prostaglandin E2-mediated mechanisms.

  7. Decalcified choroidal osteoma found in the retina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshikawa T

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tadanobu Yoshikawa, Kanji TakahashiDepartment of Ophthalmology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata Hospital, Osaka, JapanAbstract: Choroidal osteoma is a benign tumor of the choroid. Herein, we report a rare case of decalcified choroidal osteoma found in the retina. A 27-year-old woman presented with visual loss. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/50 OS. Ophthalmoscopy of the left eye revealed a yellow-white calcified region accompanied by a decalcified region of four disc diameters in size. After 6 years, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed a tumor projected strongly upwards from the choroid and partially through the retina with serous retinal detachment, with both a lamellar appearance and mound-like area. The calcified region became more contractive than was observed on the first visit. Conversely, the decalcified region was wider than was observed on the first visit. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/400 OS. Choroidal osteoma was worsened by progression of decalcification. The decalcified choroidal osteoma resulted in poor visual acuity, and projected strongly upward from the choroid and into the retina.Keywords: osteoma, decalcification, choroidal osteoma

  8. Coexistence of Upper Airway Obstruction and Primary and Secondary Enuresis Nocturna in Children and the Effect of Surgical Treatment for the Resolution of Enuresis Nocturna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Soylu Özler

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study is to investigate the coexistence of upper airway obstruction (UAO and primary enuresis nocturna (PEN and secondary enuresis nocturna (SEN in children. Besides, the efficacy of surgery on resolution of enuresis nocturna is evaluated. Materials and Methods. The children with PEN and SEN were included in the first group and investigated for UAO in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology. During the same period, children who had been planned for an operation to treat UAO over 5 years old were included in the second group and were evaluated in the Department of Urology for PEN and SEN before the operation. Results. A hundred patients completed the study (50 patients in Group 1, 50 patients in Group 2. According to the otolaryngologic examination, 20 of 25 PEN patients and 9 of 25 SEN patients also had UAO. The difference was statistically different (P<0.05. The second group consisted of fifty patients on the surgery list for upper airway obstructive pathologies. Coexistence of PEN and SEN is found in 12 and 3 of children, respectively. These ratios were statistically significant (P<0.05. The improvement rate of PEN and SEN after operation in the second group was 83.3% and 33.3%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05. Conclusion. There is a strong relationship between PEN and UAO, but it cannot be declared for SEN patients. UAO should be kept in mind as a possible etiologic factor for PEN.

  9. The Prevalence and Causes of Enuresis Nocturna in a Regional Dormitory School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selen Uludag Kis

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Enuresis nocturna is a recurrent inability to retain urination, mostly observed during sleep in children 5 years old and older, unexplainable by any physical deficiency. The risk is increased especially among children exposed to physicosocially inadequate conditions. METHODS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and causes of enuresis nocturna in regional dormitory school in Karatas district of Adana province. The cross-sectional study covered regional dormitory school students in Karatas district of Adana province in May 2007. The students were children of families with low socio-economic status engaged in seasonal farm working in the region. The presence of enuresis nocturna was defined as dependent variable, while age, gender, sleep depth, urinary infection, selection status of dormitory school, family structure and visiting frequency of families as independent variables. The statistical analyses were performed by SPSS 10.0 statistical package programme. Continuous variables like age were analysed by Student’s t-test, while categorical variables by chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 201 students, 135 (67.2% and 66 (32.8% were males and females, respectively with a mean age of 12.2±2.1 (min 7 and max 17. The prevalence of enuresis nocturna was found as 15.4%. The frequency was found to be more frequent among students with deeper sleep, in presence of urinary infection, among those who preferred dormitory school with family guidance, in case of unwillingness to frequent the school, in presence of urinary tract infaction and deep sleep. CONCLUSION: Enuresis nocturna was found to be related to age, sleeping status, urinary tract infection and unwillingness to go to schools. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(3.000: 213-216

  10. Giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marambaia, Otavio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The osteomas are osseous lesions with slow and asymptomatic growth that most of the times is a finding in radiological exams requested for other reason. It's the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. The osteomas are located mainly in the frontal sinus (57% to 80%, followed by the ethmoidal sinuses (20%, maxillary sinuses and rarely in the sphenoid sinus. It has a discreet predominance in the male sex 1.5 and its incidence is higher in the 3rd and 4th decades of life. The treatment is surgical no matter the size. Objective: To describe a case of giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus including a brief literature review. Case Report: JDA, male, 33 years old, presented with a right constant nasal obstruction for 01 year. Upon exam, he presented with facial asymmetry with lateralization of the right ocular globe. The computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a lesion with density of soft parts occupying partially the right nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and right maxillary. The patient was submitted to surgery with full exeresis of the lesion. The anatomopathological exam confirmed osteoma. The patient evolved without evidences of the lesion recurrence. Final Comments: The osteomas in the ethmoidal sinus, irrespectively of the size and due to the risk of complications, must be operated.

  11. Button Osteoma: A Review of Ten Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Soo Yuhl; Sim, Hyun Bo; Kim, Min Ji; Jang, Yong Hyun; Lee, Seok-Jong; Kim, Do Won; Lee, Weon Ju

    2015-08-01

    Button osteoma presents as small circumscribed ivory-like lumps on the skull vault. Although not rare, its diagnosis can be challenging for dermatologists. To clarify the clinical characteristics of button osteoma by reviewing 10 cases. Ten patients diagnosed with button osteoma at the Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, between January 2011 and August 2014 were enrolled. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and analyzed demographic and clinical characteristics including sex, age, sites, number of lesions, symptoms, duration, histopathological finding, radiological findings, and treatment. All patients presented with an asymptomatic small circumscribed hard lump fixed to a bony structure. There were 9 female and 1 male patient, and the mean age was 54 years (range, 28~61 years). The most common site was the forehead, and disease duration ranged from 2 weeks to more than 20 years. The differential diagnosis included cranial exostosis, ballooned osteoma, epidermal cyst, and lipoma. Simple radiography, ultrasonography, and computed tomography (CT) were used to make a confirmative diagnosis. Histopathological findings showed lamellated bony structures with poor vascularization. Ostectomy was performed for 5 patients, and no recurrence was detected within an average of 13.4 months after treatment. This review characterized button osteoma. Surgical excision is a useful therapeutic modality after CT-based diagnosis. Further studies with more patients are required to confirm the findings.

  12. Peripheral osteoma of the body of mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunatha, B S; Das, Nagarajappa; Sutariya, Rakesh; Ahmed, Tanveer

    2013-08-08

    Osteoma is a benign osteogenic neoplasm microscopically consisting of proliferation of cancellous or compact bone. Peripheral osteomas (PO) arise from the periosteum and are quite uncommon in the jaw bones. POs of mandible are considered as rare entity and very few cases have been reported in the literature. The pathogenesis of PO is unclear. Some investigators consider it a true neoplasm, while others believe it as a developmental anomaly, a reactive mechanism due to trauma or infection. The purpose of this article is to present the clinical, radiographic, surgical and histological features of a solitary peripheral osteoma of the mandible in a 43-year-old woman and to review the literature for PO located in the mandible.

  13. [Bilateral choroidal osteoma--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jędrychowska-Jamborska, Justyna; Kulig-Stochmal, Agnieszka; Markiewicz, Anna; Jakubowska, Barbara; Romanowska-Dixon, Bożena

    2014-01-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a an extremely rare (especially located bilaterally), benign, intraocular tumor, the type of choristoma. It occurs between 2-3 decades of life, women are particularly vulnerable. The main complication in 1/3 cases is a subretinal neovascularization which may cause bleeding. The gradually progressive decalcification develops within the tumour over time, which causes atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium and Bruch's membrane deformity. The article presents a case of a 26-year-old woman with bilateral choroidal osteoma complicated by subretinal hemorrhage; the diagnosis was based on clinical examination (biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy) as well as specialised tests including: ultrasonography, optical coherence tomography, and fluorescein angiography.

  14. Acquired plate-like osteoma cutis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vashi, Neelam; Chu, Julie; Patel, Rishi

    2011-10-15

    Plate-like osteoma cutis is a rare disorder that has been historically classified as a congenital syndrome. It has a possible relationship to a mutation in the gene (GNAS1) that encodes the α-subunit of the stimulatory G protein, which regulates adenyl cyclase activity. We report a case of extensive plaque-like masses on the scalp and face with no abnormalities in calcium or phosphate metabolism and no preceding inflammatory cutaneous conditions. With less than ten reported cases, to our knowledge, this is one the few cases of acquired plate-like osteoma cutis described in the literature.

  15. Rothschildia lebeau, una bella mariposa nocturna: Observar de cerca lo que usualmente pasamos inadvertido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Hernández Chavarría

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available El Orden Lepidoptera incluye a las mariposas diurnas y las nocturnas; mientras que las primeras son asociadas con belleza, las segundas son menospreciadas e incluso relacionadas principalmente con plagas y en términos generales es poco apreciada su belleza implícita. Rothschildia lebeau es un ejemplo de una mariposa nocturna de gran belleza; su nombre vernáculo es “Cuatro ventanas”, debido a que presenta en cada una de sus alas un área transparente que simula una ventana. Una visión detallada de esta mariposa muestra un complejo sistema de diseños y patrones de color de gran belleza.

  16. [Cholesteatoma by osteoma of the external auditory canal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maliki, O; Aderdour, L; Ziad, T; Nouri, H; Rouchdi, Y; Marrat, A; Raji, A

    2012-01-01

    Osteoma in the external auditory canal (EAC) is an uncommon benign tumor. The association of a cholesteatoma with an osteoma of EAC is extremely rare. We report a case of a 26-year-old woman with an osteoma of the left EAC that was complicated by a cholesteatoma in the EAC between the osteoma and left tympanic membrane. Surgical removal of the osteoma and cholesteatoma proved successful by postauricular approach. The follow up without recurrence is 24 months. Osteoma of the EAC is a solitary, unilateral, and slow-growing bony benign tumor. The foremost differential diagnosis is exostose that is multiple and bilateral. Cholesteatoma of the EAC is uncommon. Its basic pathogenesis is a chronic occlusion of the EAC. Surgical treatment avoids complications related to local aggressiveness of cholesteatoma.

  17. Inferior turbinate osteoma as a cause of unilateral nose obstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabovac, Stjepan; Hadzibegović, Ana Danić; Markesić, Josip

    2012-11-01

    Osteomas are benign, slow growing bone tumors often seen in paranasal sinuses, mostly in the frontal sinus, whereas they are rare in the nasal cavity. Inferior turbinate osteoma is extremely rare and our case is the third reported in the literature to date. Symptoms vary depending on the location, size and spreading and nasal obstruction is the most common symptom. Treatment of osteomas is surgical and is reserved only for rapidly growing osteomas with symptoms of infection or compression. Although endoscopic surgery is preferred modality, external approach with lateral rhinotomy should be considered with larger osteomas especially those that involve the ethmoid labyrinth. In cases like ours, when large osteoma is localized on the inferior nasal turbinate, sublabial incision through the vestibulum is very suitable approach because it provides wide access and good visibility and leaves no visible scar.

  18. Jactatio capitis nocturna com persistência na vida adulta: relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Rosana S.C. Alves; FLÁVIO ALÓE; Silva, Ademir B. [UNIFESP; TAVARES,STELLA M.

    1998-01-01

    Rhythmic movement disorder, also known as jactatio capitis nocturna, is an infancy and childhood sleep-related disorder charactherized by repetitive movements occurring immediately prior to sleep onset and sustained into light sleep. We report a 19-year-old man with a history of headbanging and repetitive bodyrocking since infancy, occurring on a daily basis at sleep onset. He was born a premature baby but psychomotor milestones were unremarkable. Physical and neurological diagnostic workups ...

  19. Síndrome de ingesta nocturna como efecto colateral del zolpidem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Maris Valiensi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El zolpidem es una droga hipnótica utilizada para el tratamiento del insomnio. Disminuye la latencia del sueño, el número total de despertares y aumenta el tiempo total del sueño respetando en general su arquitectura. Se cree que aumenta la fase 3 del sueño lento profundo. Nuestro objetivo es comunicar 8 casos de síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño y conductas automáticas complejas asociadas a sonambulismo como efecto colateral del zolpidem. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de 8 pacientes tratados con zolpidem que referían ingesta nocturna de alimentos con amnesia total o parcial del episodio. Se presentan 6 mujeres y 2 hombres, entre 32 y 72 años (media: 58 años, 7 tratados con zolpidem 10 mg/noche y 1 con zolpidem 12.5 mg/noche de liberación prolongada. El tiempo de exposición previo al desarrollo de eventos fue de 1 a 180 días (media de 39.8. El número de episodios relatados era de 1 a 8/noche (media 2.5 asociado con amnesia. Los episodios desaparecieron por completo en el 100% de los casos al suspender la medicación. El síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño es una parasomnia de sueño lento profundo que consiste en episodios de ingesta de alimento o bebida durante la noche, con amnesia parcial o completa del episodio. El zolpidem podría inducir el síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño en aproximadamente el 1% de pacientes, aunque creemos que es un efecto adverso que está subdiagnosticado. Se resuelve simplemente suspendiendo la medicación.

  20. An Osteoma Located on the Radial Head: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyitali Gumustas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma are seen mostly at paranasal sinuses and cranium while it is rare at long bones. Osteomas may misdiagnosed as osteochondroma, lateral epicondylitis and other clinic pathologies, hence it is seen probably more common than reported on literature. Excisional biopsy is enough for treatment, and recurrence is rare after excision. We present a rarely seen osteoma case, which is radial head, located.

  1. Cancellous osteoma of maxilla: A rare case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debta, Priyanka; Debta, F. M.; Bussari, Smita; Acharya, Swati S.; Jeergal, Vasanti A.

    2016-01-01

    Osteoma is a slow growing benign tumor result from either cancellous or compact bone proliferation. Osteoma of the jaws may arise from the surface of the bone as a sessile mass located either peripherally or endosteally. This paper presents a rare case report of peripheral cancellous osteoma, involving the buccal cortical plate and alveolar process of the right maxilla of a 37-year-old female patient. PMID:27382545

  2. Mandibular osteomas in sporadic colorectal carcinoma. A genetic marker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, J O; Rasmussen, M S; Videbaek, H;

    1993-01-01

    Pantomography of the mandible was performed in 98 patients with sporadic colorectal adenocarcinoma. Twenty-eight patients (29%) had osteomas versus 5% in a control group (P osteomas are found in most patients with the premalignant dominant syndrome familial adenomatous...... polyposis. Sporadic colorectal cancer examinations of married couples have shown that diet has only a moderate influence on the development of colorectal cancer, whereas pedigree studies indicate a genetic component. On this basis we conclude that mandibular osteomas are probably genetic markers...

  3. ENDOSCOPIC RESECTION OF GIANT ETHMOIDAL OSTEOMA WITH INTRAORBITAL EXTENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available : Osteomas are slow growing benign tumors of the paranasal sinuses. Most of them are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally on radiographs. Sometimes they may grow to produce symptoms like cosmetic deformity, proptosis, epiphora and visual disturbances. A case of giant ethmoid osteoma with intra orbital extension in 30 year old female that was managed endoscopically is discussed. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic approach along with intra nasal drill is a safe and effective technique in management of osteoma of nose and paranasal sinus.

  4. Osteoma in a blue-fronted Amazon parrot (Amazona aestiva).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, João Felipe Rito; Levy, Marcelo Guilherme Bezerra; Liparisi, Flavia; Romão, Mario Antonio Pinto

    2013-09-01

    Osteoma is an uncommon bone formation documented in avian species and other animals. A blue-fronted Amazon parrot (Amazona aestiva) with clinical respiratory symptoms was examined because of a hard mass present on the left nostril. Radiographs suggested a bone tumor, and the mass was surgically excised. Histopathologic examination revealed features of an osteoma. To our knowledge, this is the first description of an osteoma in a blue-fronted Amazon parrot. Osteoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis in birds with respiratory distress and swelling of the nostril.

  5. Giant osteoma of the middle turbinate: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Samar Pal Singh; Gulia, Joginder Singh; Hooda, Anita; Khaowas, Ajoy Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Osteoma of the nose is a slowly developing benign tumor with a reported incidence of 0.6% of all the osteomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses. It is asymptomatic in initial stages and is usually diagnosed when it causes nasal obstruction. Osteoma arising from the middle turbinate is very rare and only two cases have been previously reported. We report a giant middle turbinate measuring 36 × 35 × 20 mm which, to the best of our knowledge, is the largest reported osteoma arising from the middle turbinate.

  6. Frontal sinus osteoma removal with the ultrasonic bone aspirator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehieli, Eric; Chu, Jaemi; Gordin, Eli; Pribitkin, Edmund A

    2012-04-01

    Osteomas, the most common skull tumors, are typically excised through either an open or endoscopic ostectomy using a high-speed drill, a technically challenging procedure that can result in injury to adjacent soft tissue structures. Osteoma removal through ultrasonic bone emulsification and aspiration (UBA) offers the advantages of decreased blood loss, preservation of adjacent soft tissue structures, and precise bone removal. UBA was used to successfully remove a forehead osteoma without injury to adjacent nerves and with a satisfactory cosmetic outcome. We describe skull osteoma removal with an ultrasonic bone aspirator, which offers potential advantages over conventional bone removal techniques.

  7. CT findings of the osteoma of the external auditory canal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ha Young; Song, Chang Joon; Yoon, Chung Dae; Park, Mi Hyun; Shin, Byung Seok [Chungnam National University, School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-15

    We wanted to report the CT image findings of the osteoma of the external auditory canal. Temporal bone CT scanning was performed on eight patients (4 males and 4 females aged between 8 and 41 years) with pathologically proven osteoma of the external auditory canal after operation, and the findings of the CT scanning were retrospectively reviewed. Not only did we analyze the size, shape, distribution and location of the osteomas, we also analyzed the relationship between the lesion and the tympanosqumaous or tympanomastoid suture line, and the changes seen on the CT scan images for the patients who were able to undergo follow-up. All the lesions of the osteoma of the external auditory canal were unilateral, solitary, pedunculated bony masses. In five patients, the osteomas occurred on the left side and for the other three patients, the osteomas occurred on the right side. The average size of the osteoma was 0.6 cm with the smallest being 0.5 cm and the largest being 1.2 cm. Each of the lesions was located at the osteochondral junction in the terminal part of the osseous external ear canal. The stalk of the osteoma of the external auditory canal was found to have occurred in the anteroinferior wall in five cases (63%), in the anterosuperior wall (the tympanosqumaous suture line) in two cases (25%), and in the anterior wall in one case. The osteoma of the external auditory canal was a compact form in five cases and it was a cancellous form in three cases. One case of the cancellous form was changed into a compact form 35 months later due to the advanced ossification. Osteoma of the external auditory canal developed in a unilateral and solitary fashion. The characteristic image findings show that it is attached to the external auditory canal by its stalk. Unlike our common knowledge about its occurrence, osteoma mostly occurred in the tympanic wall, and this is regardless of the tympanosquamous or tympanomastoid suture line.

  8. Peripheral osteoma in a young patient: a marker for precancerous condition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, P; Singhal, A; Ram, R; Gupta, R

    2012-01-01

    Osteoma is a benign osteogenic tumor arising from the proliferation of cancellous or compact bone. The osteoma can be central, peripheral, or of an extraskeletal type. Peripheral type of osteoma is most common in the lower jaws, which occurs at the surface of the cortical bone and is sessile or pedicled. The overall incidence of osteoma is low, affecting 0.01-0.04% of the population; osteomas comprise 12.1% of benign bone tumors and 2.9% of all bone tumors. Most of the osteomas occurring in the mandible are dense osteomas, and the cancellous osteoma is comparatively rare. Maxillofacial osteoma associated with cutaneous sebaceous cysts, multiple supernumerary teeth, and colorectal polyposis is known as Gardener's syndrome. However, in some cases, maxillofacial osteomas with multiple impacted and supernumerary teeth are not accompanied by a fixed complex of symptoms. We report one such case in a 15-year-old female patient.

  9. Chondroma of the hand with osteoid formation: first case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arena V

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Vincenzo Arena, Ilaria Pennacchia, Fabio Maria Vecchio, Arnaldo CarboneInstitute of Pathology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, ItalyAbstract: Chondroma is the most common neoplasia of the hand. Histologically, it consists of lobules of normal-appearing hyaline cartilage showing a lobular arrangement. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of chondroma of the hand in which, interestingly, osteoid production was observed.Keywords: chondroma, hand, osteoid

  10. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarifah Nafisah Syed Hamzah Al-Yahya

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Mastoid osteoma is a rare tumour with incidence of 0.1–1% of all benign head and neck tumours. It usually presents as a slow growing, hard and painless posterior auricular swelling in which medical attention is sought most commonly on cosmetic grounds. This report discusses our finding of such a rare case that was managed in our department and from its presentation, clinical findings, differential diagnosis, and treatment aspects.

  11. Central osteoma of the maxilla with involvement of paranasal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Santana Santos, Thiago; Frota, Riedel; Martins-Filho, Paulo Ricardo Saquete; Melo, Auremir Rocha; de Souza Andrade, Emanuel Sávio; de Oliveira e Silva, Emanuel Dias; Avelar, Rafael Linard

    2011-03-01

    Osteoma is an osteoblastic benign tumor characterized by the proliferation of either compact or cancellous bone. In the jaws, the most of cases reported in the literature presented as peripheral solitary lesions, involving preferably the posterior region of the mandible. However, central osteomas are quite rare, especially in the maxillary bone. The purpose of this article was to present the clinical, radiographic, surgical, and histologic features of a solitary central osteoma of the maxilla with involvement of the paranasal sinus and to review the literature for central osteomas located in the jaws. Our clinical report participates to literature as the 12th case of central osteoma in the jaws and the fourth case in the maxillary bone.

  12. Ethmoid sinus osteoma associated with blow-out fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Jin; Kim, Dong-Yeon; Jun, Young-Joon; Seo, Byung-Chul

    2012-03-01

    Osteoma is a benign tumor that is composed of compact or cancellous bone. It is the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinus, and ethmoid sinuses are the second most common sites of paranasal sinus osteoma. The symptoms of ethmoid sinus osteoma can give rise to various kinds and extent of symptoms. In symptomatic cases, surgical management is necessary, but appropriate surgical approach to the ethmoid sinus is not clearly established. We describe 2 male patients with a diagnosis of blow-out fractures after trauma; ethmoid sinus osteoma on preoperative computed tomography scans was coincidentally found, and the surgical correction was done simultaneously. The purpose of this article was to present the successful surgical removal of ethmoid osteoma through lamina papyracea and transcaruncular approach, resulting in both successful surgical correction and good cosmetic outcome.

  13. Cirurgia de osteoma de seio frontal Surgery of frontal sinus osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisete Pessoa de Oliveira Fobe

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Os osteomas do seio frontal correspondem a 57% dos osteomas dos seios paranasais, com incidência variando de 0,01% a 3%. A remoção cirúrgica nos osteomas frontais é indicada nos pacientes sintomáticos. Nos pacientes assintomáticos pode-se adotar a conduta conservadora ou cirúrgica em todos os pacientes independente da sua localização ou extensão. Cinco pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoma de seio frontal foram operados entre 1995 e 1999. A idade média foi 38,4 anos (extremos de 12 a 55 anos, sendo 3 homens e 2 mulheres. O período de sintomatologia variou de 6 meses a 3 anos com média de 10,5 meses. Quatro pacientes apresentaram cefaléia. Um paciente apresentou epistaxe. Os exames complementares realizados foram: radiografia simples e tomografia computadorizada de seios paranasais com cortes axiais e coronais. Em dois pacientes o diâmetro do osteoma foi maior que 3 cm, e menor que 3 cm em três. A decisão da técnica cirúrgica entre coronal e supraciliar foi estética, reservando-se a abordagem supraciliar para um paciente com calvície, apesar do tumor ser volumoso com extensão para seio etmoidal. Nenhuma dificuldade técnica intra-operatória foi atribuída à escolha da abordagem. O óstio nasofrontal não foi obstruído no intra-operatório. O seguimento pós-operatório mínimo foi de dois anos. Em todos os casos a remoção foi total sem recidiva ou resíduos tumorais. Os sintomas clínicos, achados radiológicos e abordagens cirúrgicas são discutidos. Não ocorreram complicações pós-operatórias.Frontal sinus osteomas are 57% of all paranasal sinus osteomas, with an incidence of 00.1 to 3%. Surgical removal of the frontal sinus osteomas is done in symptomatic patients. Asymptomatic patients can be managed conservatively or submitted to surgery in spite of its location or extension. Five patients having the diagnosis of frontal sinus osteoma were operated on between 1995 and 1999. Medium age was 38.4 years (from 12

  14. Molecular cloning of osteoma-inducing replication-competent murine leukemia viruses from the RFB osteoma virus stock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lene; Behnisch, Werner; Schmidt, Jörg

    1992-01-01

    We report the molecular cloning of two replication-competent osteoma-inducing murine leukemia viruses from the RFB osteoma virus stock (M. P. Finkel, C. A. Reilly, Jr., B. O. Biskis, and I. L. Greco, p. 353-366, in C. H. G. Price and F. G. M. Ross, ed., Bone--Certain Aspects of Neoplasia, 1973). ...

  15. Molecular cloning of osteoma-inducing replication-competent murine leukemia viruses from the RFB osteoma virus stock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lene; Behnisch, Werner; Schmidt, Jörg;

    1992-01-01

    ). Like the original RFB osteoma virus stock, viruses derived from the molecular RFB clones induced multiple osteomas in mice of the CBA/Ca strain. The cloned RFB viruses were indistinguishable by restriction enzyme analysis and by nucleotide sequence analysis of their long-terminal-repeat regions...

  16. Treatment and follow up results of patients with monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sezai Oğraş

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the treatment results of patientswith monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna.Methods: 97 patients with monosymptomatic enuresisnocturna were included. First, motivation and behavioraltreatment have been applied to the patients for 3 months.60-120 mcg desmopressin has been applied to 79 patientswho did not want to continue to the motivation andbehavioral treatment or who did not have benefit from motivationand behavioral treatment or whose disease haverelapsed. It is accepted as “full response” if the numberof wetting decreases 90-100%, “middle response” decreases50-90%, “failed response” decreases less than50%. Treatment and relapse rates were evaluated basedon the response to therapy at the time of controls.Results: Mean age of the patients was 7.75±1.96 (5-12years. 20 of 97 (21% patients who have taken motivationand behavioral treatment have been cured. Two (%10of these patients’ diseases have relapsed. Desmopressinhas been applied to79 patients who did not have benefitfrom motivation and behavioral treatment or whosediseases have relapsed. Full dryness has been providedin 36 (46% patients who have taken desmopressin andcame to the control visit. “Middle response” has been obtainedin 22 (28% patients. “Failed response” has beenobtained in 21 (26% patients. Relapse has been seen incase of quitting desmopressin in 35 (60% patients whohave benefit from desmopressin.Conclusion: Although, Desmopressin is the most preferredmethod in monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna,because of easy usage and fast response, relapse ratio ishigh following discontinuation of the drug.Key words: Monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna, desmopressin,treatment

  17. El dinamismo de la vida nocturna en el mundo urbano castellano a finales de la Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Borgognoni, Ezequiel

    2012-01-01

    A través de la presente investigación, invitamos al lector a reflexionar en torno a la importancia que tenían las distintas actividades nocturnas en el mundo urbano castellano a fines de la Edad Media. Luego de esbozar unas precisiones de carácter teórico e historiográfico referidas a la naturaleza de la nocturnidad, nos abocaremos al análisis del mundo de la producción y el abastecimiento durante las horas nocturnas. Seguidamente, ilustraremos la importancia de las actividades...

  18. Two-hole trephination (Muntarbhorn) technique for a large frontal sinus osteoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanaviratananich, Sanguansak; Kasemsiri, Pornthep; Sinawat, Poonsiri

    2012-11-01

    To present an alternative surgical option for frontal sinus osteoma. A woman presented with a symptomatic large osteoma in right frontal sinus. Two-hole trephination was planned to remove the osteoma using nasal endoscope and a drill in each hole. The osteoma was drilled and removed transnasally. Two months later, two small fragments of osteoma were detected remaining in the lateral aspect of the sinus. The fragments were removed successfully with the same technique. The patient was asymptomatic six months postoperatively. Two-hole trephination technique or Muntarbhorn technique is an attractive option for frontal sinus osteoma.

  19. Bilateral choroidal osteoma with choroidal neovascular membrane treated with bevacizumab in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Manisha; Kantha, Meha; Mayor, Rahul; Venkatesh, Ramesh; Shroff, Cyrus M

    2014-01-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a rare benign tumor. We report a male child diagnosed with bilateral choroidal osteoma, high myopia and secondary choroidal neovascularization (CNV) membrane in one eye. Co-existence of posterior staphyloma made the clinical diagnosis of choroidal osteoma difficult due to the osteoma filling the depression of the posterior staphyloma. Typical findings on fundus fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, B-scan and indocyanine green angiography confirmed the diagnosis. A review of literature was performed. CNV secondary to choroidal osteoma was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab and it responded well. Regular follow-up is essential for recurrence of CNV and decalcification of the osteoma.

  20. Sino-Orbital Osteoma With Osteoblastoma-Like Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, James M; Tyler, Donald; Foss, Robert D

    2015-12-01

    An 18 year old male presented with worsening headaches, pain with ocular movement and swelling that involved the left anterior periorbital and frontal sinus region. Radiographic images revealed a polypoid bony mass of mixed radiodensity extending into the left and right frontal sinuses. Histologic examination of the resection material resulted in the diagnosis of an osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features, an osteoma variant that has zones indistinguishable from an osteoblastoma. The clinical, radiographic, and morphologic features of sino-orbital osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features are discussed.

  1. Osteoma cutis: informe de un caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Sarmiento

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this comunication is to share the experience with a case of osteoma cutis in a 46 years old woman who requested odontological treatment at the dental clinic of the Universidad del Valle. The periapical radiographic image of the superior molar zone showed multiple radiopaque bilateral rounded bodies of approximately 2 mm in diameter. The case was further studied and analyzed at the radiological section of the school. It was characterized as a non-frequent radiological finding. This unusual finding motivated a detailed review and the use of other diagnostic tools, such as clinical and histopathological tests that established the final diagnosis.

  2. Diagnosis analysis of X radiography on osteoid osteoma%X线诊断骨样骨瘤的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏亮

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨X线平片诊断骨样骨瘤的价值.方法 对16例手术病理证实的16例骨样骨瘤患者行普通X线平片检查,分析其X线平片表现.结果 骨皮质型9例,占56.25%;松质骨型6例,占37.5%;骨膜下型1例,占6.25%.结论 X线平片可作为骨样骨瘤的重要和首选检查方法.

  3. Characteristics of osteoma of the temporal bone in young adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanatha, Borlingegowda

    2011-02-01

    The author conducted a retrospective review of the clinical presentation, management, and complications of temporal bone osteoma in young adolescents. The study population was made up of 9 patients-5 girls and 4 boys, aged 12 to 15 years at presentation (mean: 13.7)-who had been seen for radiologically and histopathologically proven temporal bone osteoma at the author's institution over a 9-year period. Of this group, 5 patients had extracanalicular osteoma (3 in the mastoid portion of the temporal bone, 1 in the squamous portion, and 1 in the mastoid antrum) and 4 patients had osteoma of the external auditory canal. Six of the 9 patients underwent surgical treatment; of the remainder, 1 refused surgery and 2 were managed conservatively with ongoing observation. All patients were followed for a minimum of 1 year, and no recurrences and no complications were observed during that time.

  4. Osteoma of the Pharynx That Developed from the Hyoid Bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Hagiwara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on apparently the first case of a pharyngeal osteoma that developed from the hyoid bone. An 84-year-old man’s, presenting symptom was a slight throat pain. Endoscopic examination revealed a huge mass occluding the pharyngeal space. CT scan of the neck showed a large osseous mass adjacent to the hyoid bone. Transoral resection with tracheostomy was performed. Histopathologically, the tumor consisted of mature lamellar bone without a fibrous component. For two years postoperatively, the patient has been free from throat symptoms and signs of recurrence. Osteomas are benign, slow-growing tumors. They rarely develop symptoms or cause functional disturbance. We performed total resection to avoid further functional disturbance as the osteoma was huge. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on an osteoma that occupied the pharyngeal space and developed from the hyoid bone.

  5. Giant Orbitoethmoidal Osteoma: When an Open Surgical Approach Is Required

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussam Abou Al-Shaar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant orbitoethmoidal osteoma in children is considered to be rare. This type of pathology can be associated with significant disfiguring proptosis and limitation of eye movement. Here, we report on a child who presented with a giant orbitoethmoidal osteoma that was removed through an orbitofrontal approach. The cosmetic result was excellent and evident immediately after surgery. A review of the literature complements this report.

  6. Mastoid Osteoma; A Case Report and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selcan Kesgin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas of the temporal bone are rare and are usually located in the external acoustic canal, squamous part of the temporal bone, middle ear, glenoid fossa, Eustachian tube, styloid process, internal acoustic canal. A limited number of mastoid osteomas have been reported in the literature. These tumors are usually nonsymptomatic unless they are too big leading to cosmetic deformity. In this report, a young male patient diagnosed with mastoid osteom is presented with literature review.

  7. Osteoma of long bone: an expanding spectrum of imaging findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansford, Barry Glenn; Pytel, Peter; Moore, Drew D; Stacy, Gregory Scott

    2015-05-01

    Osteoma of long bone is an extremely rare, benign bone-forming surface lesion with the largest published case series consisting of only 14 patients. The most important and often most difficult lesion to differentiate from osteoma of long bone radiographically is parosteal osteosarcoma, which is a rare, low-grade surface osteosarcoma with the potential for dedifferentiation. Reports of imaging studies of osteoma of long bone depict a well-defined ossified mass arising from the surface of the diaphysis or metadiaphysis of a long bone. A characteristic feature is the homogeneity of the mass, with uniform density near or equal to that of cortical bone from the base of the lesion to its periphery. The 45-year-old female in this case presented with left hip fullness and was subsequently found to have a proximal femoral osteoma, which was unique in that it contained large fatty marrow spaces that corresponded to bands of relatively low density on plain radiography and computed tomography, giving it a heterogeneous appearance atypical of osteoma of long bone. Furthermore, the osteoma reported here was associated with a small but separate nodular focus of ossification in the adjacent soft tissue. These findings led to a presumptive diagnosis of parosteal osteosarcoma with a local soft tissue metastasis or satellite nodule resulting in radical resection of the tumor. Definitive diagnosis of osteoma was made on histology of both the parent lesion and ossified nodule as no neoplastic spindle cell proliferation was present to establish a diagnosis of low-grade osteosarcoma. This represents, to the best of our knowledge, the first such presentation of osteoma of long bone.

  8.   Combination treatment of monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna with alarm and desmopressin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamperis, Konstantinos; Hagstrøm, Søren; Rittig, Søren

    2006-01-01

      AIM To retrospectively evaluate the combination treatment with alarm and desmopressin in a population of children with monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna (MNE). MATERIAL AND METHODS 218 children with MNE (age 5-14y) treated in our outpatient clinics were investigated in the present study. All...... children had completed the diagnostic procedures of our center comprising 2-week home recordings, desmopressin titration, uroflowmetry and urinalysis. The latest ICCS standardization was used for characterizations. All children were treated with the enuresis alarm alone or in combination with desmopressin...... complete dryness. We found no differences with regards to age, gender, enuresis frequency, average and maximal voided volumes between children that achieved dryness with alarm or combination of alarm and desmopressin. However, children ending in combination treatment shared significantly higher nocturnal...

  9. Pneumocephalus and Porencephaly Associated with a Frontoethmoid Sinus Osteoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jun Beom; Chang, Hyuk Won [Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-11-15

    An osteoma is a relatively common benign mass found in paranasal sinus lesions and is usually asymptomatic. On the other hand, pneumocephalus associated with a frontal or ethmoid sinus osteoma is rare and may cause serious complications. We present a case of pneumocephalus associated with a frontoethmoid sinus osteoma and porencephaly along with a literature review

  10. Solitary central osteoma of mandible in a geriatric patient: Report and review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhujbal, Ravi B.; Nayak, Ajay G.

    2016-01-01

    Solitary central osteomas of jaw are extremely rare lesions with only few previously documented cases. This paper reports a case of large solitary central osteoma involving mandible symphysis- parasymphysis region in an elderly female patient. A brief review of similar cases reported in the literature is also provided in this paper. Key words:Osteomas, osteogenic,bone, tumor, jaw, mandible. PMID:27034765

  11. Jactatio capitis nocturna with persistence in adulthood: case report Jactatio capitis nocturna com persistência na vida adulta: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROSANA S.C. ALVES

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhythmic movement disorder, also known as jactatio capitis nocturna, is an infancy and childhood sleep-related disorder charactherized by repetitive movements occurring immediately prior to sleep onset and sustained into light sleep. We report a 19-year-old man with a history of headbanging and repetitive bodyrocking since infancy, occurring on a daily basis at sleep onset. He was born a premature baby but psychomotor milestones were unremarkable. Physical and neurological diagnostic workups were unremarkable. A hospital-based sleep study showed: total sleep time: 178 min; sleep efficiency index 35.8; sleep latency 65 min; REM latency 189 min. There were no respiratory events and head movements occurred at 4/min during wakefulness, stages 1 and 2 NREM sleep. No tonic or phasic electromyographic abnormalities were recorded during REM sleep. A clinical diagnosis of rhythmic movement disorder was performed on the basis of the clinical and sleep studies data. Clonazepam (0.5 mg/day and midazolam (15 mg/day yielded no clinical improvement. Imipramine (10 mg/day produced good clinical outcome. In summary, we report a RMD case with atypical clinical and therapeutical features.O distúrbio rítmico do movimento, também chamado jactatio capitis nocturna, é considerado um distúrbio do sono da infância e caracteriza-se por movimentos estereotipados que ocorrem no início ou no começo do sono. Relatamos o caso de um rapaz de 19 anos com história de movimentos rítmicos de cabeça e de balanceio do tronco desde lactente, sempre associados ao início do sono e de ocorrência diária. Tem antecedente de prematuridade mas com desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor normal. Seu exame físico geral e neurológico foram normais. O estudo polissonográfico hospitalar mostrou: tempo total de sono de 178 minutos, com eficiência de sono de 35,8%; latência de sono 65 minutos; e latência do sono REM 189 minutos. Não se observou apnéia e os movimentos de balanceio de

  12. Parosteal osteoma of the iliac bone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soler, R.R.; Martinez, S.; Granados, J. [Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona (Spain); de Marcos, J.A. [Department of Radiology, Hospital Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona (Spain); Salas, A. [Department of Pathology, Hospital Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona (Spain); Lluc, P. [Primary Care Setting, Sa Canal Salat, Menorca (Spain)

    1998-03-01

    A 33-year-old patient with a 2-year history of intermittent pain in the right gluteal region and thigh presented with a large sclerotic lesion of the iliac bone. From the findings on radiography, scintigraphy, CT and MRI, a giant parosteal osteoma was suspected. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Since the lesion was extensive it was observed with periodic follow-up examinations. At present, 5 years after the diagnosis, the patient is asymptomatic and imaging studies show that the lesion persists with reduction of sclerosis and size. The tumor was on the surface as well as intramedullary - only one other case with such a distribution is known to us - and it was also in the iliac bone. (orig.) With 7 figs., 14 refs.

  13. Peripheral Solitary Osteoma of the Zygomatic Arch: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starch-Jensen, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Osteoma is a benign slow-growing osteogenic neoplasm commonly occurring in the craniofacial skeleton, characterized by the proliferation of compact and/or cancellous bone. Osteomas may be peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Peripheral osteomas arise from the periosteum and are quite uncommon in the jaw bones. The exact aetiology and pathogenesis of peripheral osteoma are unknown. Clinically, peripheral osteomas are usually asymptomatic, but depending on the location and size of the lesion, it may cause swelling, pain, esthetic disfigurement and functional impairment. On radiological imaging, a peripheral osteoma appears often as well-circumscribed, round to oval, pedunculated radiopaque mass attached to the cortex by a broad base or a pedicle. Asymptomatic osteomas are treated conservatively, while surgical excision is indicated when the lesion is symptomatic, actively growing, or for cosmetic reasons. Histologically, osteomas are composed of a normal-appearing, dense mass of lamellar bone. Recurrence of peripheral osteoma after surgical removal is extremely rare and there are no reports of malignant transformation. A review of the literature disclosed only 7 well-documented cases of peripheral osteoma located at the zygomatic bone. The purpose of this article is to present the clinical, radiographic, surgical and histological features of a solitary peripheral osteoma of the left zygomatic arch in a 55-year-old woman and to review the literature about this uncommon pathologic entity. PMID:28357005

  14. Brain abscess associated with ethmoidal sinus osteoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroaki Nagashima

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma of the paranasal sinus is uncommon, and the occurrence of brain abscess associated with ethmoidal osteoma is particularly rare. We report here a case of a brain abscess complicating an ethmoidal osteoma in a 68-year-old man who presented with high-grade fever and disturbance in the level of consciousness. Computed tomography scanning and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a ring-enhancing mass in the left frontal lobe with surrounding edema and a bony mass in the ethmoidal sinus. We scheduled a two-stage operation. First, emergency aspiration and drainage of the abscess via the forehead were performed to reduce the abscess volume. These were followed by a left frontal craniotomy to totally remove both the brain abscess and the bony mass. The bony mass had breached the dura mater. After removing the bony mass, we repaired the anterior skull base using a pericranial flap. Pathological findings of the bony tumor were consistent with osteoma. The postoperative course was uneventful. In the case of a huge brain abscess associated with an ethmoidal osteoma, volume reduction by drainage followed by surgical removal of both lesions may help to control infection and achieve a cure. Use of a vascularized pericranial flap is important to prevent direct communication between the paranasal sinuses and the cranial cavity.

  15. Mastoid osteoma: consideration on two cases and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dantas, Rafaela Nunes

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction/Objective: The mastoid osteoma is a benign osteogenic tumor, considered to be uncommon in such location. By 2006, there were about 150 cases reported in the medical literature. Its etiopathogenesis includes factors relating to embryogenesis, metaplasia, trauma and inflammation. They are generally asymptomatic and appear through tumoration protrusion from the retroauricular region. Computed tomography has been useful for its diagnosis and surgical planning. Its surgical results are good from a aesthetic and curative point of view. Method: We studied two cases of mastoid osteoma and analyzed them as for their clinical state, imaging exams, treatment and results. Results: Both locating in the right mastoid region. Absence of a previous trauma in this region. Normal neurological exam. The cranial computed tomography revealed a hyperdense lesion involving the cortex of the temporal bone in the mastoid region, radiologically compatible with osteoma. They were submitted to complete exeresis of the lesion. Anatomopathological exam: osteoma. They had excellent aesthetic and curative results. There was no recurrence or malignant transformation. Conclusions: The osteoma located in the mastoid region is an uncommon benign tumor. It provokes local aesthetic deformity and is generally asymptomatic. The choice exam is computed tomography. It has a differential diagnosis with hemangioma, fibrous dysplasia, osteosarcoma and osteoblastic metastasis. The exam does not present malignant transformation. The treatment is surgical and with excellent aesthetic and curative results.

  16. Pseudo-ankylosis caused by osteoma of the coronoid process

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa Araújo, Fábio Andrey; Melo Barbalho, Jimmy Charles; de Farias, Orley Nunes; de Vasconcellos, Ricardo José Holanda; do Egito Vasconcelos, Belmiro Cavalcanti

    2014-01-01

    Osteoma of the coronoid process is a rare, slow-growing tumor that can lead to restrictive mandibular movements. This paper describes a case of osteoma of the right coronoid process in a 45-year-old woman who reported progressive facial asymmetry and the loss of mandibular movements. Aspects regarding the differential diagnosis, treatment, surgical access, possible complications and postoperative follow up of the case are also discussed. The osteoma of the coronoid process is a benign tumor that can reach a significant size, causing an increase in volume, facial asymmetry, limited mouth opening and fracture of the zygomatic complex in some cases. The combination of extraoral and intraoral accesses is useful in the case of large tumors of difficult access, such as in this case reported. PMID:25593877

  17. Surgical case of intracranial osteoma arising from the falx

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Satoru; Tanikawa, Rokuya; Tsuboi, Toshiyuki; Noda, Kosumo; Miyata, Shiro; Ota, Nakao; Hamada, Fumihiro; Kamiyama, Hiroyasu

    2016-01-01

    Intracranial osteomas completely unrelated to osseous tissues are extremely rare. In the present study, the case of a 40-year-old female who presented with persistent headache is reported. Computed tomography (CT) and bone window CT revealed an ossified lesion in the frontal area. Fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA)/CT venography fusion imaging demonstrated that the mass was located just below the superior sagittal sinus and cortical veins, and had adhered partially to these veins. Surgery achieved complete tumor removal with preservation of the cortical veins and superior sagittal sinus. The histological examination findings were compatible with osteoma. The present postoperative course was uneventful. The present rare case of intracranial osteoma originating from the falx was successfully treated surgically. Preoperative FIESTA/CT venography fusion imaging was very useful to demonstrate adhesion between the tumor mass and the superior sagittal sinus and cortical veins. PMID:27588144

  18. [Frontal osteoma with orbital extension. Apropos of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constans, J P; Meder, J F; Justiniano, P; Michalski, M; Fredy, D

    1984-01-01

    Fronto ethmoidal osteoma are rare slow growth benign tumors. Exceptional ophthalmological and neurological complications can occur. The authors report a case of 32 years old man with eye compression by a giant frontal sinus osteoma. This lesion was responsible for a vertical diplopia and moderate proptosis. Plain skull X-Ray show a well defined opacity filling the whole left frontal sinus and C.T. scan delimited precisely orbital extension. Neurosurgical exposure enabled a complete extraction of the tumor and satisfying recovery. The authors have compared this case to those described in literature and insist on the importance of the pre-operative C.T. scan.

  19. Osteoma gigante en mandíbula. Reporte de Caso.

    OpenAIRE

    Licéaga-Escalera, Carlos; Hospital Juárez de México. México D. F.; Del Bosque-Méndez, Jorge; Hospital Juárez de México. México D. F.; Aldape-Barrios, Beatriz; Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México D. F.; Montoya-Pérez, Luis; Hospital Juárez de México. México D. F., México; Morelos-Patiño, Ethien; Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México D. F.; González-Olmedo, Víctor; Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México D. F.

    2014-01-01

    El osteoma es una neoplasia benigna poco común, que se caracteriza por presentar un crecimiento óseo progresivo, el cual está compuesto por la proliferación bien diferenciada de hueso compacto y/o esponjoso. En el área maxilofacial se presenta con mayor frecuencia en la cara lingual posterior de la mandíbula. Se caracteriza por crecimiento lento y asintomático. El caso describe una paciente de 45 años con un osteoma gigante mandibular de 4 años de evolución tratado quirúrgicamente.

  20. Giant ethmoido-orbital osteoma presenting with dacryocystitis and metamorphopsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koktekir, Bengu Ekinci; Ozturk, Kayhan; Gedik, Sansal; Guzel, Huseyin; Karabagli, Pinar

    2012-09-01

    Osteoma is the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. Intraorbital extension is rare. Here we report a 16-year-old adolescent boy who presented with epiphora and pain in the medial canthal area. A computed tomographic scan revealed a bone density mass in the left ethmoid cavity extending into the adjacent orbit. The tumor was removed via endoscopic endonasal surgery. The pathologic evaluation was consistent with osteoma. After surgery, all complaints have been resolved and there was not any sign of recurrence in the computed tomographic scan.

  1. Choroidal osteoma: a very unusual form of intraocular clarification; Osteoma coroideo. Una inusual forma de calcificacion del globo ocular

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, Y.; Lasierra, R.; Pina, J. I.; Madariaga, B. [Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa. Zaragoza (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a very uncommon benign choroidal tumor that is capable of producing real bone tissue. It is normally found in healthy young women. It tends to be located in the juxtapapillary region, and is generally unilateral. The etiology is unknown. Both ultrasonography and computed tomography demonstrate the presence of calcified plaquet the identifies the lesions. The major complications is choroidal neovascularization, which can occur in up to one third of cases. Choroidal osteoma must be differentiated mainly from other intraocular tumors and dystrophic or metastatic calcifications We present a case of choroidal osteoma in a 16-year-old girl who had loss of visual acuity in both eyes and possible optic nerve glioma in her right eye. (Author) 11 refs.

  2. Osteoma cutis: informe de un caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Sarmiento

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de esta comunicación es dar a conocer la experiencia con un caso de osteoma cutis en una paciente de 46 años de edad, quien solicitó tratamiento odontológico en las clínicas de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Valle. El examen radiográfico periapical mostró pequeñas zonas radiopacas de aproximadamente 2 mm de diámetro a nivel de molares superiores derechos e izquierdos. El caso se estudió y se diagnosticó en la Sección de Radiología de la Escuela. Como era un hallazgo radiográfico poco frecuente, se motivó el interés por una revisión detallada del tema y con otras ayudas diagnósticas fue posible establecer el diagnóstico definitivo.

  3. A Rare Case Report on Suboccipital Region Benign Giant Osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattarai, Binod

    2016-01-01

    Herein we report a rare case of a giant suboccipital osteoma in a 55-year-old woman presenting primarily due to cosmetic issue. We discuss the management algorithm taken in the patient, highlighting excision of a potentially curable bony tumor only after ruling out its extension to the ear cavity, mastoid ear cells, transverse sinus, and the intracranial compartment. PMID:27051540

  4. A case of mushroom shape temporal bone osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akamatsu, Tadashi; Tanaka, Rica; Fukui, Tsuyoshi; Miyasaka, Muneo; Yamada, Shinya

    2009-09-20

    A cranial vault Osteoma is relatively common benign tumor. Mushroom shaped skull osteoma is, however, extremely rare. Twenty seven years old female developed slow growing hard mass posterior to the ear. CT scan revealed a mushroom shaped osseous mass approximately 2.5 cm in diameter protruding from the temporal bone at the site of asterion. And the tumor was located over the right sigmoid sinus. The sigmoid sinus engraved approximately 4mm to the tumor and had a branching to one emissaries' vein. Operation was performed under general anesthesia. The tumor was excised first by cutting the base of the tumor, and then residual tumor was grinded using a round head cutting bar. A chisel dissection was not recommended because of underlining sinus. Histological findings were consistent with a benign osteoma. The postoperative course was uneventful. CT examination immediately done after operation revealed no evidence of intracranial hemorrhage, or injury of vessels. Osetoma was excised, and the surface of cranial bone at the operation site was smooth and cosmetically acceptable. At 6-months follow up, patient remains asymptomatic and recurrence free. CT examination with Multi Planer Reconstruction imaging or 3D reconstruction is highly recommended for the operational planning of cranial osteoma.

  5. Enuresis Nocturna in children with asthma: prevalence and associated risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkaya, Emin; Aydın, Seren Calıs; Yazıcı, Mebrure; Dundaröz, Rusen

    2016-06-10

    Enuresis Nocturna (EN) is a common disorders in childhood. Although many different underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed to explain EN, its etiology is multifactorial. Some reports demonstrate that there is an association between EN and allergic diseases. To study (1) the prevalence of EN in children with asthma, (2) to determine the possible risk factors for EN in asthmatic children. Five hundreds and six children aged 6-14 years-old diagnosed with asthma and 380 age-matched non-asthmatic controls were enrolled into this cross-sectional case-control study. We studied an allergy panel that included skin prick tests with (8 inhalant allergens), total IgE, and blood eosinophil count for both groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the parents of children presenting EN. Factors associated with EN in children with asthma were analyzed using a logistic regression model. The prevalence of EN was significantly higher in children with asthma as compared to the controls: 132 (26 %), 43 (11.5 %) respectively (p = 0.001). Emergency visits frequency, and family history of enuresis were higher in the asthmatic children with EN than in asthmatic children without EN. According to the logistic regression analysis, positive pollen sensitization (p = 0.027, OR = 1.94), allergic rhinitis (p = 0.032, OR = 2.36), and high eosinophil count (p = 0.004, OR = 1.40) were independent risk factors for EN in children with asthma. This study showed that the prevalence of EN in children with asthma was higher than in same age controls. Sensitization to pollens, allergic rhinitis and high blood eosinophil count associate to the EN in children with asthma.

  6. Asistencia ventilatoria no invasiva domiciliaria nocturna en Pediatría PEDIATRIC NOCTURNAL NONINVASIVE VENTILATION ASSISTANCE AT HOME

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    La asistencia ventilatoria no invasiva domiciliaria nocturna (AVNIDN) se indica en insuficiencia respiratoria crónica (IRC), síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) y ocasionalmente por hipoventilación central y fibrosis quística. Se hace una revisión retrospectiva de 10 pacientes sometidos a esta técnica de soporte ventilatorio no invasivo durante un periodo de 6 años (1996-2002), describiendo las indicaciones, tipo de AVNIDN y el seguimiento. Sus edades fluctuaron entre 1 a 13 años; ...

  7. An Atypical Presentation of Multiple Central Osteomas Mimicking Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia – A Pictorial Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mhapuskar, Amit A; Hebbale, Manjula; Tepan, Meenal; Ayushee

    2016-01-01

    Osteoma is benign neoplasm with slow growth characterized by deposition of compact lamellar cortical or cancellous bone creating a tumour mass. It is still unclear whether osteomas are benign neoplasms or hamartomas. They have typical clinical presentations and are easily diagnosed with the help of radiographs. We present a rare case of non-syndromic multiple osteomas in the craniofacial region which are typically restricted to the midline and presents radiographically as craniofacial fibrous dysplasia causing a diagnostic dilemma. PMID:28050513

  8. A Second New Choroidal Osteoma in the Same Eye: Differences between Them with New Imaging Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sambricio

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors introduce a 42-year-old woman with a choroidal osteoma. After 10 years the patient presented a second choroidal osteoma in the same eye; this osteoma has been growing in the last years. New tests that were unavailable during the first diagnosis were performed such as Fundus Autofluorescence or Enhanced Depth Imaging-Optical Coherence Tomography (EDI-OCT. These tests show characteristics of the tumors and allow us to realize a visual prognosis for the patient.

  9. Choroidal neovascular membrane associated with choroidal osteoma (CO treated with trans-pupillary thermo therapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma Sumita

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal neovascular membrane, a known complication of choroidal osteoma causing visual loss when located subfoveally, can be successfully treated with transpupillary thermo therapy.

  10. Peripheral ivory osteoma of the mandible in a young female patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubeen, Khan; Vijayalakshmi, Konaajji Ramachandra; Abhishek, Pati Ranjan

    2012-05-01

    Osteoma is an uncommon benign neoplasm composed of mature bone. Growth is slow and continuous and located principally in the cranio-maxillo-facial region, and can be central (endosteal) or peripheral (periosteal). Osteomas can be solitary or multiple masses, and they are generally asymptomatic. We discuss a case of ivory osteoma of the mandible in a 35-year-old female, which was present at the left body of the mandible since she was 10 years old, and was gradually increasing in size. The osteoma was removed surgically through an intraoral approach, and no recurrence was observed.

  11. Radiographic superimposition and mandibular peripheral osteoma: the importance of clinical and CT findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffano, Paolo; Gallesio, Cesare; Roccia, Fabio; Berrone, Sid

    2013-03-01

    Peripheral osteomas are benign, slow-growing osteogenic tumors that are caused by centrifugal growth of the periosteum and develop as masses attached to the cortical plates.The pathogenesis of osteomas is unclear, and embryologic, traumatic, inflammatory, metaplastic, and genetic causes have been proposed. A solitary peripheral osteoma of the jaws is uncommon.The purpose of this paper is to present a peculiar case of mandibular peripheral osteoma with a particular radiographic superimposition that stress the importance of clinical and CT findings.

  12. Middle ear osteoma: a rare cause of conductive hearing loss with normal tympanic membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vérillaud, B; Guilleré, L; Williams, M T; El Bakkouri, W; Ayache, D

    2011-01-01

    Osteomas of the temporal bone are benign osseous tumors usually located to the external auditory canal. Osteomas involving the middle ear are very rare. We report the case of a patient presenting with a progressive hearing loss caused by a middle ear osteoma involving the incus and contiguous to the tympanic segment of the facial nerve. This report highlights the value of CT scan in the work-up of conductive or mixed hearing loss with normal tympanic membrane. The management of middle ear osteoma is discussed.

  13. Osteoma coroideo secundario a trauma ocular Choroidal osteoma secondary to ocular trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Rúa Martínez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El osteoma coroideo es un tumor benigno, óseo y fue descrito por primera vez en 1978 por Gass y otros. Generalmente es unilateral, de localización juxtapapilar y más frecuente en mujeres adultas jóvenes. Presenta una etiología desconocida pero se asocian diferentes factores como: procesos inflamatorios, malformaciones congénitas, alteraciones hormonales y traumas oculares entre otros. Se presenta una paciente del sexo femenino, de 54 años de edad, con antecedentes patológicos personales de fibromialgia reumática (osteoartritis y osteoporosis e hipertensión arterial. En los antecedentes oftalmológicos presentaba miopía leve y retinopatía arteriolosclerótica. La paciente refiere que sufrió un accidente de tránsito y recibió lesiones contusas en miembros y región periocular. A partir de ese momento comenzó con mala visión del ojo derecho y acude a nuestro servicio seis meses después. Se le realizó examen oftalmológico y los datos positivos en el ojo derecho fueron una agudeza visual de 0,4, con corrección alcanzaba 1,0 y al fondo de ojo se detecta estreches vascular, desprendimiento de vítreo posterior incompleto y una lesión blanquecina naranja de tres diámetros papilares en polo posterior que involucraba arcada temporal inferior con borde bien definidos. Se realizó angiografía que mostró hiperfluorescencia mantenida y no neovascularización; la tomografía de coherencia óptica reveló un halo de desprendimiento de retina seroso a su alrededor. El ultrasonido destaca una imagen ecogénica de alta reflexividad que involucra coroides con silencio acústico posterior. El osteoma constituye una patología no muy frecuente, cuyo diagnóstico es imagenológico, y se destaca el hecho de ser secundario a un trauma ocular.The choroidal osteoma is a benign bony tumor described for the first time in 1978 by Gass and collaborators. It is generally unilateral, with juxtapapillary localization and more frequent in young adult

  14. Frontoethmoid osteoma with pneumocephalus: options for surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harasaki, Yasu; Pettijohn, Kelly J; Waziri, Allen; Ramakrishnan, Vijay R

    2013-05-01

    Pneumocephalus is an exceedingly rare complication associated with neurological deficit in cases of frontoethmoid osteoma. The overarching management strategy for affected patients remains undefined. We describe the case of a 61-year-old female patient presenting with frontoethmoid osteoma manifesting as profound intraparenchymal pneumocephalus and associated neurological deficit, treated through a minimally invasive combined surgical strategy involving image-guided burr hole decompression of the pneumocephalus followed by transnasal endoscopic removal of the tumor. Using this approach, the patient rapidly recovered full neurologic function. We review the existing literature and, given the likely intraparenchymal location of pneumocephalus associated with these lesions with the potential of rapid clinical deterioration, recommend aggressive surgical management. Although these lesions can be removed from a purely endoscopic approach, we recommend burr-hole decompression of the pneumocephalus as an adjunct to ensure prompt resolution of the neurologic symptoms.

  15. Successful medical treatment of an orbital osteoma in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grozdanic, Sinisa; Riedesel, Elizabeth A; Ackermann, Mark R

    2013-03-01

    A 6-year-old neutered male German Shepherd-mixed breed with a 2-month history of bilateral conjunctival hyperemia, epiphora, and a firm, slowly progressive swelling of the medial canthal region of the left eye (OS) was examined. Ophthalmic examination OS revealed a firm and smooth mass, extending from the medial canthus toward the medial orbital wall. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed indentation of the nasal part OS, which corresponded to the position of the orbital mass. Orbital neoplastic diseases were the main differential considerations. Computerized tomography revealed a bony smooth orbital mass without bone destructive features. Biopsy was performed, and histologic features were suggestive of osteoma. Systemic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs resulted in complete mass regression and absence of clinical signs for 5 years following initial diagnosis. This report describes the first case of canine orbital osteoma, which was responsive to NSAIDs.

  16. Endoscopic-assisted resection of peripheral osteoma using piezosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochiai, Shigeki; Kuroyanagi, Norio; Sakuma, Hidenori; Sakuma, Hidenobu; Miyachi, Hitoshi; Shimozato, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Endoscopic-assisted surgery has gained widespread popularity as a minimally invasive procedure, particularly in the field of maxillofacial surgery. Because the surgical field around the mandibular angle is extremely narrow, the surrounding tissues may get caught in sharp rotary cutting instruments. In piezosurgery, bone tissues are selectively cut. This technique has various applications because minimal damage is caused by the rotary cutting instruments when they briefly come in contact with soft tissues. We report the case of a 33-year-old man who underwent resection of an osteoma in the region of the mandibular angle region via an intraoral approach. During surgery, the complete surgical field was within the view of the endoscope, thereby enabling the surgeon to easily resection the osteoma with the piezosurgery device. Considering that piezosurgery limits the extent of surgical invasion, this is an excellent low-risk technique that can be used in the field of maxillofacial surgery.

  17. Frontal sinus osteoma with pneumocephalus: A rare cause of progressive hemiparesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwini Bakde Umredkar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas of paranasal sinuses are common benign tumors and are diagnosed incidentally. However, osteomas complicated by pneumocephalus with air fluid level presenting with progressive hemiparesis is rare. Here, we present a case report of a 22-year-old male who presented with left-sided progressive hemiparesis with history of generalized headache since 2 years.

  18. Retinal pigment epithelium tear formation following intravitreal ranibizumab injection in choroidal neovascularization secondary to choroidal osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erol, Muhammet K; Coban, Deniz Turgut; Ceran, Basak Bostanci; Bulut, Mehmet

    2014-09-01

    Choroidal osteoma is an extremely rare osseous tumor of the choroid where choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the major cause of visual loss. We report the case of a 28-year-old female with CNV secondary to choroidal osteoma, who developed RPE tear after intravitreal ranibizumab treatment.

  19. Simultaneously detected parosteal osteoma and osteochondroma in the distal femur of a single patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Seong Jong; Jin, Wook; Park, Yong Koo; Han, Chung Soo; Ryu, Kyung Nam; Park, Ji Seon; Park, So Young

    2013-01-01

    Parosteal osteoma arising from long tubular bone is an extremely rare bone tumor and should be distinguished from parosteal osteosarcoma, whereas osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor showing an outgrowth of medullary and cortical bone with a cartilaginous cap. This report describes simultaneously detected parosteal osteoma and osteochondroma arising from the distal femur in a single patient.

  20. Successful subtotal orbitectomy in a cat with osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia B Corgozinho

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 14-year-old Siamese neutered male cat was evaluated for anorexia and a left periorbital mass. Skull radiographic findings showed a well-defined lesion resembling new compact bone formation without destruction. A subtotal orbitectomy was indicated. The tumor was removed intact with a normal tissue margin of at least 1 cm. There were no postsurgical complications. Histopathologic examination revealed an osteoma. The cat returned to normal appetite and activity 15 days after surgery. Six months after surgery, there were no gross signs of recurrence. Relevance and novel information Periorbital tumors are infrequently diagnosed in companion animals and most are malignant. In this case, the diagnosis was orbital osteoma. The most commonly affected bone for osteoma in cats is the mandibular bone; few cases have been identified in orbital bones. Orbital surgery has the potential to be challenging owing to complex anatomy, difficult exposure and the tendency to bleed. Surgical complications are common. In this case, although the disease was advanced, subtotal orbitectomy was successfully performed.

  1. Solitary subdural osteoma: A case report and literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Lei; Hong, Lichuan; Li, Chuzhong; Zhang, Yazhuo; Gui, Songbai

    2016-01-01

    Osteomas attached to the meninges unrelated to bone are extremely rare and their etiology has not been discussed previously in the English literature. Here, we report the case of a 54-year-old male patient with a right frontal subdural osteoma. The patient presented with a ~5-month history of intermittent dizziness. Non-contrasted computerized tomography demonstrated a densely calcified mass attached to the inner surface of the right frontal skull. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed this mass could be enhanced by contrast MRI. Intraoperatively, the hard mass was noted to be attached to the inner layer of the dura mater, and not associated with the bone. Histopathological examination revealed lamellated bony trabeculae lined by osteoblasts and the intertrabecular marrow spaces occupied by adipose tissue, which contributed to the MRI enhancement. It was speculated that subdural osteomas arose from ectopic osteoblasts derived from the embryological neural crest cells. The context of intertrabecular bone marrow contributed to the enhancement on MRI. Simple excision is the treatment of choice for symptomatic lesions. PMID:27446388

  2. Real-time in vivo micromorphology and histopathology of choroidal osteoma using enhanced depth imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rameez Hussain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal osteoma is a usually unilateral benign tumor of the choroid composed of mature bone. Optical coherence tomography (OCT has been used to image osteoma for several years. With the advent of enhanced depth imaging (EDI feature of spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT, better visualization of the morphology of choroidal lesions has been possible. Herein we present a case of choroidal osteoma in a 45-year-old woman, wherein in vivo morphology of the choroidal osteoma had been visualized using EDI technique of SD-OCT before and after performing photodynamic therapy. EDI OCT has proven to be a valuable noninvasive imaging modality, almost comparable to histopathological examination, for diagnosing choroidal osteomas and for providing an insight into the in vivo micromorphological changes occurring during the course of the disease.

  3. Real-time in vivo micromorphology and histopathology of choroidal osteoma using enhanced depth imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Rameez; Anantharaman, Giridhar; Rajesh, Bindu; Gopalakrishnan, Mahesh

    2015-05-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a usually unilateral benign tumor of the choroid composed of mature bone. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been used to image osteoma for several years. With the advent of enhanced depth imaging (EDI) feature of spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT), better visualization of the morphology of choroidal lesions has been possible. Herein we present a case of choroidal osteoma in a 45-year-old woman, wherein in vivo morphology of the choroidal osteoma had been visualized using EDI technique of SD-OCT before and after performing photodynamic therapy. EDI OCT has proven to be a valuable noninvasive imaging modality, almost comparable to histopathological examination, for diagnosing choroidal osteomas and for providing an insight into the in vivo micromorphological changes occurring during the course of the disease.

  4. Three cases of osteoma cutis occurring in infancy. A brief overview of osteoma cutis and its association with pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Susannah; Sugo, Ella; Verge, Charles F; Wargon, Orli

    2011-05-01

    We report three cases of primary osteoma cutis in children, two of whom (siblings) were associated with Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), manifesting as short stature with autosomal dominant inheritance from the father, but no dysmorphic features and no parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance. Osteoma cutis can manifest as an isolated skin disease, a secondary condition to other skin diseases (such as acne), or in association with several syndromes, including AHO, which in turn may be associated with PTH resistance. The management and prognosis of patients diagnosed with osteoma cutis is determined by whether the skin manifestation has occurred in isolation, in association with a syndrome, or as a secondary skin disease. These three paediatric cases highlight the importance of understanding the aetiology and associations of osteoma cutis in order to appropriately investigate and manage patients who present with this rare skin disease.

  5. Presence of bilateral limbal dermoids and choroidal osteomas in a family with inherited limbal dermoids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magli, A; De Marco, R; Capasso, L

    1999-06-01

    We report a case of bilateral limbal dermoids and bilateral choroidal osteomas in a 14-year-old girl with no extraocular anomalies. Histopathological examination of a limbal lesion confirmed the clinical diagnosis of dermoid. Computerized tomography and ultrasonography were compatible with a diagnosis of choroidal osteoma. Limbal dermoids were present in the patient's mother, in a brother with Down syndrome, and in an aunt with no choroidal osteoma. The present pedigree is compatible with autosomal dominant inheritance of bilateral limbal dermoids. The same gene may be involved in the pathogenesis of ocular choristomas in same patients.

  6. An unusual cause for trismus caused by mandibular coronoid osteoma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vashishth, Shirin; Garg, Kanika; Patil, Prashant; Sreenivasan, Venkatraman [Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Subharati Dental College, Meerut (India)

    2013-03-15

    Osteoma is a dense bony proliferation of otherwise normal membranous bone. This tumor is essentially restricted to the craniofacial skeleton and is rarely diagnosed in other bones. The mandible and the paranasal sinuses are the most common sites, while the involvement of the coronoid process has been reported in only 6 cases so far. This report demonstrated a case of osteoma occurring at the mandibular coronoid process in a 26-year-old female patient. The patient was managed with surgical resection of the osteoma followed by physiotherapy.

  7. Orbital Extension of a Giant Ethmoidal Sinus Osteoma in a 30-Year-old Female

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmat Karbassi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osteoma is a benign tumor rarely found in the paranasal sinuses.   Case Report: A 30-year-old female presented with an 8-month history of proptosis of the right eye that was progressing slowly. She was diagnosed with ethmoid osteoma and managed with collaborative surgery at the ophthalmology and otolaryngology departments. After surgery, the patient suffered visual loss that was managed medically. The surgical steps and protocol used for safe removal are discussed in the report.    Conclusion: Management of a giaint osteoma extending to orbital tissue needs meticulous dissection through open approach and collaborative surgery by otolaryngologist and ophtalmologist

  8. [External auditory canal osteoma resulting in cholesteatoma which is complicated with meningitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yorgancılar, Ediz; Kınış, Vefa; Gün, Ramazan; Bakır, Salih; Ozbay, Musa; Topçu, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Osteoma of external auditory canal is a unilateral benign tumor which usually presents with no symptoms. They only cause symptoms when cerumen collection or conduction type hearing loss occurs. They are the most common osseous lesions of the temporal bone. It very rarely presents with cholesteatoma. So far, no osteoma case concomitant with, cholesteatoma and meningitis has not been reported. In this article, we report an interesting case presenting with external auditory canal osteoma, cholestatoma and meningitis concomitantly who was treated successfully using the canal Wall-down mastoidectomy technique.

  9. Photodynamic therapy combined with intravitreal bevacizumab in a patient with choroidal neovascularization secondary to choroidal osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jung Hyun; Kim, Keong Hwan; Lee, Soo Jung; Park, Jung Min

    2012-12-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a benign ossified tumor that is found predominantly in healthy young women during their second and third decades of life. The lesions are white-to-cream or orange in color, are located in the peripapillary and macular areas, and are unilateral in most patients. The symptoms of choroidal osteoma include decreased visual acuity and metamorphopsia or scotoma corresponding to the location of the osteoma, but some patients have no symptoms. Prognosis of vision varies according to tumor location, retinal pigment epithelial and sensory retinal degeneration, subretinal fluid and hemorrhage, and development of a subretinal neovascular membrane.

  10. Unusually Large Peripheral Osteoma of the Mandible – A Rare Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhupar, Vikas; Akkara, Francis

    2016-01-01

    Osteoma is a benign tumor which is composed of mature compact or cancellous bone. Osteoma may be periosteal (arising from surface of the bone) or endosteal (develop in the medullary bone) or combination of both. Here, we present a case of unusually large osteoma present on the lingual surface of the mandible in a 40-year-old female patient. The lesion had grown slowly for 15 years and caused intra-oral swelling leading to difficulty in mastication, speech and tongue movements. Under general anesthesia, local complete surgical excision was performed. PMID:28050514

  11. Primary osteoma of the orbit with atypical facial pain: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayaci, Selim; Kanat, Ayhan; Gucer, Hasan; Seckin, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    Osteoma is a benign, slowly growing tumor that mainly occurs in the bones and cavities of the middle third of the face, representing the most frequent benign tumor of the paranasal sinuses. It rarely originates primarily from the orbit. Most of these lesions develop in the fourth to fifth decades of life, and are more commonly encountered in males. In the English literature, there are so far three reported cases of primary osteoma of the orbit that originated from the sphenoid bone. Here we present another case of a primary osteoma of the orbit presenting with atypical facial pain and discuss the relevant literature.

  12. Giant osteoma of the mandible causing breathing problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    An, Seo Young; An, Chang Hyeon; Choi, Karp Shik [Kyungpook National Univ. School of Dentistry, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-12-15

    The review of the literature determines that large ostemas of the mandible are relatively rare. We present a case of a 60-year-old man with painless swelling of the left submandibular area and mild difficulty in breathing. The patient complained that the mass have been progressing slowly for at least 20 years. Radiographic studies showed a giant osteoma that attached to the lingual surface of the left mandibular angle and extended from submandibular space to infra temporal space. After the excision of the tumor the patient made a full recovery.

  13. CT and pathologic findings of a case of subdural osteoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheon, Jung Eun; Kim, Ji Eun; Yang, Hee Jin [Seoul Municipal Boramae Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-09-01

    A 43-year-old female presented with persistent headache and dizziness which had first occurred two years earlier. The physical and neurological findings at admission were unremarkable, though plain radiography revealed the presence of a dense calcified mass in the left frontal area, and CT showed that a homogeneous high-density nodule was attached to the inner surface of the left frontal skull. The hard bony mass found and excised during surgery was shown at histopathologic examination to be a subdural osteoma. We describe the clinicopathologic findings of this entity and discuss the radiological features which suggest its subdural location.

  14. Abordagens cirúrgicas para os osteomas dos seios paranasais Surgical approaches to the paranasal sinuses osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando O. Balieiro

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Os osteomas são os tumores benignos mais freqüentes dos seios paranasais, apresentam crescimento lento e são em sua maioria assintomáticos. O tratamento cirúrgico destes tumores, ainda, é um tema controverso no que tange suas indicações e a escolha da abordagem cirúrgica. Existem diversas opções cirúrgicas que vão desde as abordagens externas clássicas até as transnasais assistidas por vídeo-endoscopia. Não existem indicações formais para cada uma das abordagens devendo-se sempre levar em conta o tamanho do tumor no momento da escolha da abordagem a ser empregada. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo apresentaremos seis casos de osteomas dos seios paranasais operados no Hospital Prof. Edmundo Vasconcelos, São Paulo-SP com diferentes abordagens cirúrgicas em função de peculiaridades de cada caso, discutiremos as indicações da cirurgia e também as opções cirúrgicas mostrando as vantagens e desvantagens de cada abordagem. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Estudo de série.Osteomas are the most common benign tumors arising in the paranasal sinuses, they are slow growing tumors and most part of them are assymptomatic. The surgical treatment is a controversial issue concerning their indications and surgical approach. There are several options for surgical approaches ranging from classical external surgery to intranasal endoscopic surgery. There are no formal indications for each approach and we must consider the tumor size when indicating the best approach. AIM: In this paper we will present six cases of paranasal osteomas operated at Hospital Edmundo Vasconcelos, São Paulo-SP, Brazil, with different approaches. We are also going to discuss the indications for the surgery and these approaches concerning the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Series review.

  15. Peripheral osteoma bilateral of the mandible without association with Gardner syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, Karis Barbosa; Cavalcante, Josuel Raimundo; Ferraro-Bezerra, Marcelo; Silva, Daniela Nascimento; de Holanda Vasconcellos, Ricardo José; do Egito Vasconcelos, Belmiro Cavalcanti

    2012-03-01

    Periosteal osteoma is a rare benign pathologic lesion in the jaws and the mandible is the anatomic region most frequently involved. Elective treatment consists of surgical excision. The aim of this report was to report a rare case of bilateral periosteal osteoma involving the mandible--a painless, firm, and well-circumscribed lesion, with more bony prominence on the left than on the right side. The patient had no history of facial trauma or systemic changes that could intervene with the progression of the lesion. It was diagnosed as a periosteal osteoma, and surgical excision was performed. No recurrence after 4 years of follow-up was demonstrated. Surgical excision of the periosteal osteoma was demonstrated to be a useful technical strategy that simplifies and accelerates the surgical procedures and probably contributes to establish harmony of the jaws. Periodical clinical and radiographic follow-ups after surgery are advised.

  16. [Giant osteoma with intracranial extension filling sinonasal cavity: a rare case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürsoy, Merve; Karaca Erdoğan, Nezahat; Dağ, Fatih; Başoğlu, Mehmet Sinan; Rezanko Atasever, Türkan

    2015-01-01

    Osteomas are the most frequently observed benign bone tumors of paranasal sinuses. Although they are generally detected by chance during radiological analyses, they may create severe complications after intracranial extension. While computed tomography findings play a key role to differentiate osteoma from other osseous lesions of paranasal sinus, magnetic resonance imaging identifies extension to surrounding structures and possible complications. Osteoma was detected in a 28-year-old female patient who admitted with complaints of headache and difficulty in breathing. Patient was operated after diagnosis; however, we were unable to remove the mass totally due to its location and size. In this article, we report, to our knowledge, the largest defined osteoma case in the literature to date, with ethmoid sinus origin, orbital, nasal cavity and intracranial extension, accompanied with distinctive computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

  17. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP):Genotype Correlation to FAP Phenotype With Osteomas and Sebaceous Cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Marie Luise; Bülow, Steffen

    2006-01-01

    and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The present study aimed at examining whether a particular APC genotype could be delineated in FAP patients with benign extracolonic manifestations: sebaceous cysts and/or osteomas. A questionnaire was sent to all Danish FAP patients (N = 234) asking for occurrence...... of sebaceous cysts and palpable osteomas. Medical records later verified positive findings, when possible. The results for each patient were correlated to the position of his or her mutation in the APC gene. Positive participation compliance was 77% (N = 180), and in 105 of these patients the pathogenic APC...... mutation was known. Palpable osteomas were reported in 17 of the patients in whom a pathogenic mutation had been identified. Osteomas were only identified in patients with mutations between codon 767 and 1513, a gene area also associated with congenital hypertrophy of the retinal-pigmented epithelium...

  18. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP): genotype correlation to FAP phenotype with osteomas and sebaceous cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Marie Luise; Bülow, Steffen

    2006-01-01

    and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The present study aimed at examining whether a particular APC genotype could be delineated in FAP patients with benign extracolonic manifestations: sebaceous cysts and/or osteomas. A questionnaire was sent to all Danish FAP patients (N = 234) asking for occurrence...... of sebaceous cysts and palpable osteomas. Medical records later verified positive findings, when possible. The results for each patient were correlated to the position of his or her mutation in the APC gene. Positive participation compliance was 77% (N = 180), and in 105 of these patients the pathogenic APC...... mutation was known. Palpable osteomas were reported in 17 of the patients in whom a pathogenic mutation had been identified. Osteomas were only identified in patients with mutations between codon 767 and 1513, a gene area also associated with congenital hypertrophy of the retinal-pigmented epithelium...

  19. Peripheral osteoma on the buccal aspect of mandible angle: a review of radiopaque masses and differential diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Soo-Hyung; Kwon, Ho; Jung, Sung-No

    2013-01-01

    Osteomas are radiopaque osteogenic tumors composed of slow-growing, painless, mature bone tissue. On the basis of their origin, they can be classified as central, peripheral, or extraskeletal. Osteomas occur primarily in the craniofacial region, and peripheral osteomas are most prevalent in the paranasal sinuses. We describe a rare case of peripheral osteoma on the buccal aspect of the left mandibular angle that caused facial deformity in a 68-year-old woman. We also discuss its differentiation from other similar radiologically radiopaque masses.

  20. 骨样骨瘤与骨母细胞瘤的影像学分析%Imaging analysis of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景建; 唐振良

    2007-01-01

    骨松质型骨样骨瘤与骨皮质型骨母细胞瘤的影像学诊断与鉴别诊断在临床上尚有一定难度。发生于长骨骨端、椎体及附件的骨样骨瘤,应注意与骨母细胞瘤相鉴别,而发生于骨干骨皮质的骨母细胞瘤应注意与骨样骨瘤鉴别。

  1. One Case:Osteoid Osteoma of Cervical Appendix%颈椎附件骨样骨瘤1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何平; 徐玉琴

    2005-01-01

    患者男,17岁.因“左颈部酸痛伴活动受限半年”入院。查体:颈向左侧倾斜.颈左侧中部局部触痛.未触及明显包块.颈部活动明显受限.肌力及肌张力正常,四肢及躯干感觉正常.生理反射正常,病理反射未引出。

  2. 骨样骨瘤的影像学诊断和病理分析%Imaging Diagnoses and Pathology Analysis of Osteoid Osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨骨样骨瘤的影像学表现和病理变化.方法:对23例骨样骨瘤的影像学资料和病理进行回顾性分析.结果:X线平片显示本组病例23例骨样骨瘤均为单发,其中皮质型11例;中心型3例;松质骨型7例;骨膜型2例.结论:了解骨样骨瘤的病理变化和影像学表现,诊断就比较明确,可减少误诊发生.

  3. The diagnosis and treatment of 15 osteoid osteomas%骨样骨瘤15例的诊治分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟大明

    2004-01-01

    目的探讨骨样骨瘤的临床特点及治疗.方法回顾性分析15例骨样骨瘤病例,根据术前症状,对所有怀疑诊断的病人行X线和CT检查,临床确诊后采用手术切除治疗.根据术前影像学定位,找到瘤巢将其切除.结果手术治疗效果好,所有的病人术后疼痛消失,术后随访2~5年,平均3.2年,没有复发病例.结论瘤巢的彻底切除是成功治疗骨样骨瘤的关键.

  4. El comportamiento térmico de la ciudad de Las Palmas de G. C.: La Isla de calor nocturna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Esther Romero Martín

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan las principales pautas del comportamiento térmico de la ciudad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Utilizando el método de los recorridos urbanos, durante un año se registraron los datos de temperatura y humedad de 42 puntos de la ciudad, que incluyen áreas formales y funcionales diferentes. Los resultados confirman la existencia de una isla de calor nocturna de carácter bifocal y de intensidad moderada, aunque puede llegar a alcanzar valores de 5.3º C. Su localización está controlada fundamentalmente por la densidad edificatoria y la intensidad del tráfico. El Istmo de la Isleta se comporta como una isla de frescor.In this article, we present the outlines of the thermal behaviour of the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Using the method of travelling around the city, we recorded temperature and humidity data for 42 sites in the city, including different formal and functional areas. The results confirm that there is a bi-focal and moderate island of nocturnal heat, although it can reach 5.3ºC. This is determined fundamentally by building density and the intensity of the traffic. The Isthmus of La Isleta acts as an island of fresh temperatures.

  5. Long-Term Follow-Up of Intravitreal Ranibizumab for the Treatment of Choroidal Neovascularization due to Choroidal Osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenith H.Y. Wu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal osteoma is an uncommon benign osseous intraocular tumor that typically affects young adult women. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV is one of the complications that can develop in eyes with choroidal osteoma. We present a case of CNV secondary to choroidal osteoma treated with intravitreal ranibizumab. A 57-year-old lady presented with painless loss of vision with a right-eye visual acuity of 20/800. Fundus examination showed a well-demarcated yellowish peripapillary choroidal osteoma with associated retinal and subretinal hemorrhage due to CNV. Three intravitreal ranibizumab injections at monthly intervals were given and her visual acuity improved to 20/30 following treatment. After 1.2 years of follow-up, the right eye visual acuity was maintained at 20/30 with no evidence of CNV recurrence. Our findings suggest that intravitreal ranibizumab may be an effective therapeutic option for treating CNV secondary to choroidal osteoma.

  6. O impacto do uso da tala nocturna na qualidade de vida do indivíduo com Síndrome do Túnel Carpiano

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Carina; Santos, Rubim; Duarte, António

    2010-01-01

    A Síndrome do Túnel Carpiano é uma neuropatia compressiva do nervo mediano que desencadeia défices motores e sensoriais que interferem com o desempenho dos papéis ocupacionais e, concomitantemente, com a Qualidade de Vida. Este trabalho tem como objectivo principal definir quais os benefícios do uso da tala nocturna e o impacto manifesto na Qualidade de Vida do indivíduo com esta patologia. Os resultados revelaram uma melhoria na percepção do estado de Saúde Geral, bem como uma diminuição ...

  7. O impacto do uso da tala nocturna na qualidade de vida do indivíduo com Síndrome do Túnel Carpiano

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Carina; Santos, Rubim; Duarte, António

    2010-01-01

    A Síndrome do Túnel Carpiano é uma neuropatia compressiva do nervo mediano que desencadeia défices motores e sensoriais que interferem com o desempenho dos papéis ocupacionais e, concomitantemente, com a Qualidade de Vida. Este trabalho tem como objectivo principal definir quais os benefícios do uso da tala nocturna e o impacto manifesto na Qualidade de Vida do indivíduo com esta patologia. Os resultados revelaram uma melhoria na percepção do estado de Saúde Geral, bem como uma diminuição ...

  8. Mandibulada asimetriye neden olan periferal osteoma: olgu sunumu ve literatür derlemesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huyla Erten

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available

    The objective of this article is to describe the diagnosis and treatment of a peripheral osteoma, causing an asymetry on the posterior region of the mandible, and to review the present peripheral osteoma cases in the literature. A 52 year old female patient referred to our clinic for the treatment of a swelling localized on her left side of the posterior region of the mandible. After the clinical and radiographical examination, the prediagnosis of lesion was said to be a peripheral osteoma. The lesion was completely excised under local anesthesia and histological examination was performed. The final diagnosis of the lesion was made as a peripheral osteoma. As being rare, peripheral osteomas could be localized on the mandible and should be taken into account during differential diagnosis of other lesions causing asymmetry on the mandible.

     

    ÖZET

    Bu makalenin amacı, mandibula posterior bölgesinde lokalize olup asimetriye neden olan bir periferal osteoma vakasının teşhis ve tedavisinin anlatılması ve literatürde rapor edilmiş olan vakaları incelemektir.

    52 yaşında bir bayan hasta, mandibulasının sol posterior bölgesindeki şişliğin tedavisi amacı ile kliniğimize başvurdu. Yapılan klinik ve radyografik muayene sonucunda şişliğe sebep olan lezyonun ön tanısı osteoma olarak konuldu. Lezyonun tamamı, lokal anestezi altında eksize edilerek histolojik inceleme yapıldı. Lezyonun kesin tanısı periferal osteoma olarak kondu. Periferal osteomalar nadir de olsa mandibulada gelişebildiğinden, bu bölgede lokalize olan ve asimetri oluşturan diğer lezyonlardan ayırt edilmeleri gerekmektedir.

    Anahtar Kelimeler: mandibula, osteoma

  9. A large atypical osteoma of the maxillary sinus: a report of a case and management challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmond, Mark; Clifton, Nicholas; Khalil, Hisham

    2011-02-01

    An osteoma within the paranasal sinuses is a rare benign fibro-osseous tumour. Osteomas occurring in the maxillary sinus are exceedingly rare and account for only 5% of the cases. A case of a 38-year-old female with an osteoma of the maxillary sinus is presented and the disease and its management are discussed. A 2 cm spherical lesion in her right maxillary sinus was picked up incidentally on a magnetic resonance imaging scan whilst being investigated for unrelated neurological symptoms and in the absence of any sinonasal symptoms. An endoscopic biopsy demonstrated that the mass was an osteoma. The management of paranasal sinus osteomas is surgical and is governed by patient symptoms, tumour size and location, in the light of the risk of future intracranial or intraorbital complications. The choice of surgical approach is determined by the location of the tumour and, the experience of the surgeon. In this case a combined external and endonasal approach was the most appropriate management due to the size of the tumour and the risk of intraorbital complications. The patient underwent a combined Caldwell-Luc and transnasal endoscopic resection without complication.

  10. Osteoma of the oral and maxillofacial regions in cats: 7 cases (1999-2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiani, Nadine; Arzi, Boaz; Johnson, Eric G; Murphy, Brian; Verstraete, Frank J M

    2011-06-01

    Objective-To describe clinical features of oral and maxillofacial osteomas in cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-7 cats with oral or maxillofacial osteoma or both. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed for information on signalment, history, clinical signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging findings, results of serum biochemical analyses and histologic testing, surgical procedures performed, and perioperative complications. Outcome was determined on the basis of follow-up telephone interviews of owners. Results-Cats ranged from 1 to 23 years of age. Clinical signs were observed in 5 cats and were attributed to the presence of the mass. Diagnostic imaging (radiography and computed tomography) and histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteoma. Three cats were euthanatized; 1 cat was treated by mandibulectomy, 1 was treated by maxillectomy, and 2 were treated by debulking. At the time of follow-up at least 1 year after surgery, all 4 treated cats were alive, with owners reporting an acceptable quality of life. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Osteoma of the oral and maxillofacial regions is an uncommon tumor in cats. Most cats are examined during an advanced stage of the disease, when treatment options may be limited. Although osteoma is a benign tumor, the recommendation is to perform a clinical evaluation, diagnostic imaging, biopsy, and treatment early in the disease process, when less invasive surgical approaches may be feasible.

  11. Tomografia de coerência óptica em osteoma de coróide: relato de caso Optical coherence tomography in choroidal osteoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Junqueira Nóbrega

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam um caso de osteoma de coróide diagnosticado em paciente do sexo masculino aos 62 anos de idade. A lesão bem delimitada e pouco elevada no pólo posterior do olho direito acompanhada de vascularização interna e neovascularização de coróide em sua borda temporal superior e inferior levaram à suspeita do tumor. O diagnóstico de certeza foi obtido com ecografia A e B e tomografia computadorizada. A tomografia de coerência óptica mostrou alta refletividade em toda a espessura do osteoma bem como elevação do complexo EPR-cório-capilar na região da membrana neovascular subretiniana. Embora os achados tomográficos descritos na literatura e os observados neste caso sejam variados, a tomografia de coerência óptica pode colaborar no diagnóstico de osteoma de coróide.The authors present a case of choroidal osteoma diagnosed in a 62-year-old male patient. A well-defined and slightly elevated lesion located in the posterior pole of the right eye associated with internal vasculature and choroidal neovascularization at its superior and inferior temporal edge were suspicious of the tumor. Confirmation of diagnosis was obtained with A and B ecography and computed tomography. Optical coherence tomography showed high reflectivity through its thickness as well as elevation of the RPE-choriocapillaris complex at the choroidal neovascularization site. Although the literature and the present case show several different tomographical findings, optical coherence tomography can help establishing the diagnosis of choroidal osteoma.

  12. Giant osteoma of the skull vault: A rare case of mixed variety

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    Harisha P.N.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma is the most common primary bone tumor in the craniofacial skeleton. However, most of these are small, asymptomatic and arise from the facial bones or in relation to the paranasal sinuses. Cranial vault osteomas, that too giant and symptomatic are much rarer. We report a case of sixty year-old gentleman presented with a very slowly increasing, painless, hard swelling on the left side of his head. Computerized tomography scan showed the left parietal calvarial tumor to be having large exostotic and enostotic components. He underwent an en-bloc excision of the tumor and cranioplasty. Giant, symptomatic cranial vault osteoma with concurrent exostotic and enostotic components is extremely rare. These lesions can be safely and completely excised with careful planning and attention to detail.

  13. An unexpected diagnosis during laryngeal intubation: osseous polypoid lesion of the tongue: osteoma or choristoma?

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    Ertap AKOĞLU

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Soft tissue osteoma is a rare entity having a strong predilection for the head and neck region, mainly posterior region of the tongue. The so-called lingual osteoma is mostly manifested as an asymptomatic exophytic lesion. It can be diagnosed by physical or radiological examinations.We represent a patient with undiagnosed lingual osteoma, accidentally detected during laryngoscopy for intubation for a gynecologic surgery. General anesthesia was planned for a 52 year-old undergoing gynecologic surgery. Before surgery a laryngoscopy was performed for intubation. During this procedure a pedunculated mass was seen in the posterior region of the tongue. Although the pathogenesis and terminology is controversial, surgical excision is the preferred treatment modality. We aimed to present an osseos lesion in tongue, to review the literature in regard to relevant clinical, histological features and to discuss the pathogenesis and terminology involved.

  14. Frontal sinus mucocele with intracranial extension associated with osteoma in the anterior cranial fossa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Hiroki; Tanaka, Toshihide; Kato, Naoki; Arai, Takao; Hasegawa, Yuzuru; Abe, Toshiaki

    2011-01-01

    A 70-year-old man presented with a rare case of paranasal osteoma with secondary mucocele extending intracranially, manifesting as a generalized convulsion. Computed tomography showed a large calcified tumor adjacent to the cystic mass in the left frontal lobe. He underwent left frontal craniotomy, and the cystic lesion was totally removed. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteoma and mucocele. The giant paranasal sinus osteoma prevented growth of the mucocele into orbital recess and extension into the orbital space and paranasal sinus. The mucocele disrupted the dura in the anterior cranial fossa, resulting in a giant cystic intracranial lesion. Frontal osteoplastic craniotomy was effective for exposing both lesions and plastic repair of the dural perforation to prevent cerebrospinal fluid leakage and secondary infection.

  15. Giant osteoma of the ethmoid sinus with orbital extension: craniofacial approach and orbital reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez Burgos, R; González Martín-Moro, J; Arias Gallo, J; Carceller Benito, F; Burgueño García, M

    2013-12-01

    Osteomas are the most common fibro-osseous lesions in the paranasal sinus. They are benign tumours characterized by slow growth and are often asymptomatic. Treatment is indicated in sphenoid osteomas that threaten the optic canal or orbital apex and in symptomatic cases. The choice of surgical management depends on the location, size and experience of the surgeon. An open approach allows tumour removal with direct visual control and remains the best option in large tumours, but the continued progression in endoscopic approaches is responsible for new indications in closed techniques. Immediate reconstruction allows aesthetic and functional restoration of neighbouring structures, which should one of the goals in the treatment of this benign entity. We report a case of a giant ethmoid osteoma with orbital invasion treated by a combined open craniofacial approach with reconstruction of the anterior cranial base and orbital walls. The literature is reviewed and aetiopathogenic theories, diagnostic procedures and surgical approaches are discussed.

  16. Osteoma and Ectopic Tooth of the Left Maxillary Sinus: A Unique Coexistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydın, Ümit; Aşık, Burak; Ahmedov, Asif; Durmaz, Abdullah

    2016-01-01

    Background: Ectopic eruption of a tooth or osteoma rarely occurs within the maxillary sinus. Coexistence of these two rare entities in the maxillary sinus has never been reported in the English literature. Case Report: Herein, we present a 21 year-old male patient with osteoma and ectopic tooth in the left maxillary sinus treated with the removal of the ectopic tooth by endoscopic sinus surgery and excision of the osteoma by the Caldwell-Luc procedure. Conclusion: Unique coexistence of two different entities in the maxillary sinus is most likely due to pediatric facial trauma. Pediatric patients with maxillofacial trauma should be carefully watched for dental injury both clinically and radiologically. PMID:27606148

  17. Sino-orbital osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features: case reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yazici, Zeynep; Gokalp, Gokhan [Uludag University, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Bursa (Turkey); Yazici, Bulent [Uludag University, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty, Bursa (Turkey); Yalcinkaya, Ulviye [Uludag University, Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Bursa (Turkey)

    2012-07-15

    Most of the orbital osteomas arise from the adjacent paranasal sinuses. Some of them may contain osteoblastoma-like areas and may be misdiagnosed as osteoblastoma, both radiologically as well as histopathologically. Sino-orbital osteomas with osteoblastoma-like features show a typical radiological appearance. They have a distinct zonal pattern, in which less dense osteoblastoma-like areas are located at the base of the lesion and dense mature bone is located at the periphery. These broad-based bone lesions also have a tendency for extracavitary polypoid growths from the paranasal sinus into the adjacent orbit. We report here the CT and MR imaging findings of three cases with sino-orbital osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features. (orig.)

  18. A case of choroidal osteoma in a 10-year-old child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behera M

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Madhusmita Behera,1 Manmath Kumar Das2 1Rotary Narayana Nethralaya, Kolkata, India; 2Vitreo-Retina Services, CL Gupta Eye Institute, Moradabad, India Abstract: Choroidal osteoma is a rare, benign tumor, usually diagnosed in healthy adult women in their second or third decade of life. Though its etiology and pathogenesis are unclear, it is usually diagnosed due to its typical clinical features of yellowish-orange colored subretinal lesion at posterior pole and a dense echogenic plaque persisting even in lower gains on B-scan ultrasonography. Mostly unilateral (79%, the median age of diagnosis is 26 years. It is relatively rare in children. We report a case of choroidal osteoma in a 10-year-old boy. Keywords: choroidal osteoma, choroidal osseous choristoma, choroidal tumor

  19. Bilateral external ear canal osteomas – discussion on a clinical case

    Science.gov (United States)

    DC, Gheorghe; AE, Stanciu; A, Ulici; A, Zamfir-Chiru-Anton

    2016-01-01

    Osteomas of the external ear are uncommon benign tumors that need to be differentiated from the external ear canal exostoses, bony proliferations that are linked mainly to cold-water exposure. Clinical manifestations vary from no symptoms to recurrent local infections and external ear cholesteatoma. Objective: presenting a rare case that we did not find described in the published literature. A patient with multiple long-term asymptomatic osteomas of both external ear canals presented to our department. Material: Data recorded from the patient’s medical record was reviewed and analyzed. Surgery was performed and histology confirmed the presumptive diagnosis. Results: There was a discrepancy between the local severity of the disease, with a complete obstruction of his ear canals, and the long-term disease-free status of the patient. Conclusion: We hypothesized about the etiology of these multiple bilateral osteomas of the EAC, in light of the clinical and surgical findings. PMID:27928451

  20. Sino-orbital osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features: case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazici, Zeynep; Yazici, Bulent; Yalcinkaya, Ulviye; Gokalp, Gokhan

    2012-07-01

    Most of the orbital osteomas arise from the adjacent paranasal sinuses. Some of them may contain osteoblastoma-like areas and may be misdiagnosed as osteoblastoma, both radiologically as well as histopathologically. Sino-orbital osteomas with osteoblastoma-like features show a typical radiological appearance. They have a distinct zonal pattern, in which less dense osteoblastoma-like areas are located at the base of the lesion and dense mature bone is located at the periphery. These broad-based bone lesions also have a tendency for extracavitary polypoid growths from the paranasal sinus into the adjacent orbit. We report here the CT and MR imaging findings of three cases with sino-orbital osteoma with osteoblastoma-like features.

  1. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Detecting Choroidal Neovascularization Secondary to Choroidal Osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szelog, Jason T; Bonini Filho, Marco A; Lally, David R; de Carlo, Talisa E; Duker, Jay S

    2016-01-01

    Choroidal osteoma is an ossifying tumor that is found predominantly in the peripapillary and macular areas. It typically affects otherwise healthy females. Vision loss may occur secondary to the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Fluorescein angiography (FA) remains the gold standard for diagnosing CNV; however, the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) as an adjunct to FA is growing. In this report, a 16-year-old female with a large, unilateral peripapillary choroidal osteoma presented with blurred vision. Exam revealed scattered intraretinal hemorrhage, but FA was unable to detect CNV overlying the tumor. OCTA detected abnormal flow in the outer retina corresponding to a type 2 CNV. Following intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy, the CNV regressed, the hemorrhage resolved, and there was less fluid. OCTA may be helpful in detecting CNV noninvasively in eyes in which FA is equivocal, such as those with choroidal osteoma.

  2. De novo appearance of a choroidal osteoma in an eye with previous branch retinal vein occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhi, Mehreen; Bryant, Juanita Sonya; Alwassia, Ahmad A; Chen, Carolyn; Duker, Jay S

    2013-01-01

    This report describes the de novo appearance of a choroidal osteoma occurring 8 years after laser photocoagulation for previous branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). A 62-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic yellowish orange lesion in the macula on fundus examination of his left eye during a regular follow-up visit for bilateral BRVO associated with macular edema that had previously been treated with laser photocoagulation. The lesion was observed for 1.5 years until a decrease in vision occurred. Fundus photography revealed a yellow-to-orange, well-defined lesion in the macular region. Fluorescein angiography was consistent with choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Optical coherence tomography and B-scan ultrasonography showed features consistent with choroidal osteoma. This is the first report of the de novo appearance of a choroidal osteoma occurring years after laser photocoagulation for BRVO. CNV developed secondary to the lesion, which was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab, leading to subjective and anatomic improvement.

  3. Solitary peripheral ivory osteoma of the mandible presenting with difficulty in deglutition: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Nilesh

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteomas are benign bone tumors which arise from the cortex or medulla of craniofacial and jaw bones. They are usually asymptomatic or present as slow-growing painless masses. Larger lesions may present with aesthetic (facial asymmetry and functional disturbances (jaw deviation, difficulty in breathing, pain, and sensory deficits. This paper highlights a case of solitary peripheral osteoma composed of a compact bony mass arising from the lower border of the mandible in an adult female patient. The lesion presented with discomfort during deglutition, which was attributed to impingement of muscles of the oral cavity floor, including the anterior belly of digastric muscle.

  4. Solitary peripheral ivory osteoma of the mandible presenting with difficulty in deglutition: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilesh, Kumar; V Vande, Aaditee; K Veerabhadrappa, Suresh

    2017-01-01

    Osteomas are benign bone tumors which arise from the cortex or medulla of craniofacial and jaw bones. They are usually asymptomatic or present as slow-growing painless masses. Larger lesions may present with aesthetic (facial asymmetry) and functional disturbances (jaw deviation, difficulty in breathing, pain, and sensory deficits). This paper highlights a case of solitary peripheral osteoma composed of a compact bony mass arising from the lower border of the mandible in an adult female patient. The lesion presented with discomfort during deglutition, which was attributed to impingement of muscles of the oral cavity floor, including the anterior belly of digastric muscle.

  5. Increased in vitro tetraploidy and mandibular osteomas in patients with and without colorectal diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, L B; Søndergaard, J O; Bülow, Steffen;

    1988-01-01

    One hundred and seventy-six individuals with various colorectal diseases were investigated simultaneously for increased in vitro tetraploidy in dermal fibroblast cultures and for occult mandibular osteomas. In only 10 of the 176 persons were both presumed markers of colorectal genetic predisposit......One hundred and seventy-six individuals with various colorectal diseases were investigated simultaneously for increased in vitro tetraploidy in dermal fibroblast cultures and for occult mandibular osteomas. In only 10 of the 176 persons were both presumed markers of colorectal genetic...

  6. Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathologic Findings of Subdural Osteoma: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Young; Hyun, Dong Keun; Park, Hyeonseon; Oh, Se Yang; Yoon, Seung Hwan

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a subdural osteoma. A 29-year-old female presented with a 3-year history of headaches. Computed tomography scan revealed a homogeneous high-density lesion isolated from the inner table of the frontal bone (a lucent dural line) in the right frontal convexity. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an extra-axial lesion with a broad base without dural tail sign and punctate enhancement pattern characteristic of abundant adipose tissue. Upon surgical excision, we found a hard bony mass clearly demarcated from the dura. The mass displayed characteristics of an osteoma upon histological examination. The symptom was relieved after operation. PMID:27195262

  7. Internal auditory canal osteoma: Case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamir, Sharon Ovnat; Cyna-Gorse, Francoise; Sterkers, Olivier

    2015-06-01

    We report a case of internal auditory canal osteoma and discuss this entity's etiology, natural history, and treatment options. The internal auditory canal osteoma is a rare entity with only a few reports published in the medical literature. Its diagnosis is based on two complementary imaging modalities: thin-slice computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. No consensus exists regarding the treatment of this entity, and treatment should be tailored to each patient depending on that patient's initial complaints, as well as his or her medical findings.

  8. Osteoma periférico da região maxilofacial: um estudo de 10 casos Peripheral osteoma of the maxillofacial region: a study of 10 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Kendi Horikawa

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma periférico é uma neoplasia benigna, com baixa taxa de recorrência. Sua incidência é rara nos maxilares e a mandíbula é mais afetada do que a maxila. Na maioria dos casos, é descoberto durante exames radiográficos de rotina. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho é mostrar a experiência dos autores no tratamento desta neoplasia. MÉTODO: Em um estudo retrospectivo de janeiro de 2002 a dezembro de 2007 foram avaliados dez casos de osteoma periférico na região maxilofacial, tratados cirurgicamente por remoção completa da lesão, seguido de confirmação histológica. Nenhum dos casos estava correlacionado com a síndrome de Gardner. RESULTADOS: Nesta série avaliada, a incidência desta neoplasia foi maior no gênero feminino (1,5:1, com média de idade de 39 anos, sem predileção por faixa etária. Um dos pacientes apresentou recidiva da lesão após dois anos da primeira cirurgia, tendo sido submetido à nova intervenção, sem sinais de recidiva após três anos e seis meses de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento cirúrgico para o osteoma periférico é efetivo, com baixa taxa de recidiva.Peripheral osteoma is a benign neoplasm, with low recurrence rate. Its incidence is rare in the jaws and the mandible is more affected than the maxilla. In most cases it is discovered during routine radiographic examinations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to show the author's experience regarding the treatment of this neoplasm. METHODS: A retrospective study from January 2002 to December 2007 including ten cases of peripheral osteoma in the maxillofacial region which were treated surgically by removal of the lesion followed by histological confirmation. None of the cases were correlated with Gardner's syndrome. RESULTS: In this series the incidence of this neoplasm was higher in females (1.5:1 with a mean age of 39, without age preference. One of the patients had lesion recurrence two years after the first surgery, having been

  9. Osseous hemangioma of the seventh cervical vertebra with osteoid formation mimicking metastasis: a case report

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    Lakemeier Stefan

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We report the case of an osseous hemangioma located in the seventh cervical vertebra with reactive osteoid formation and non-typical findings in the radiological and the histopathological examination, mimicking metastasis of a malignant tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such a case in the literature. Case presentation A 44-year-old otherwise healthy Caucasian German woman presented with a discrete sensorimotor loss of both upper limbs. Radiologically, an osteolysis in the seventh cervical vertebra suggestive of metastasis of a malignant neoplasm was diagnosed. After performing corporectomy and cage implantation of C7 on the patient, the histopathological examination was complicated by marked osteoid formation obscuring the true diagnosis of an osseous hemangioma with reactive osteoid formation. Conclusion Though hemangioma of the bone is a rare tumorous lesion in the cervical spine, it has to be taken into consideration as a reason for neck pain and sensomotoric loss of the upper limbs. Atypical radiological and histopathological presentations may hinder determination of the correct diagnosis. The treatment of such lesions must follow clinical guidelines but may be difficult to define in some cases when the correct diagnosis is not known at the time when therapy starts.

  10. Tumours of reptiles 4. Multiple osteomas in the lizard Laceria viridis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolk, A.

    1958-01-01

    Whereas in fishes several osteomas (Bell, 1793; Gervais, 1875; Bland-Sutton, 1885 ; Plehn, 1906 ; Schroeders, 1908 ; Fiebiger, 1909 ; Williamson, 1913 ; Beatti, 1916 ; Kazama, 1924 ; Sagawa, 1925; Williams, 1929; Takahashi, 1929; Thomas, 1932, 1933; Lucké and Schlumberger, not published, see the

  11. Osteomas of the craniofacial region: A case series and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sagar Gundewar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : 0 To discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of osteomas involving the craniomaxillofacial region. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from June 2004 to March 2012 at our institute. A total of 12 cases between the ages of 10 and 50 years were managed with surgical excision and reconstruction. The criteria used to diagnose osteoma included radiographic and clinical features and histological confirmation of the specimen. The total follow-up period ranged from 6 to 24 months. Results: Out of 12 osteomas, 10 were peripheral and 2 were centrally located. Mandible involvement was seen in six patients, four involved the orbit, one the frontal bone and one the frontal bone with the skull base. All patients undergoing excision and reconstruction had a favourable aesthetic and functional outcome. There were no recurrences and no post-operative complications. Conclusion: Osteomas affect all age groups with no sex predilection and are usually clinically asymptomatic till they become large in size. Surgical excision and appropriate reconstruction is the mainstay of management. Surgery is indicated when lesion is symptomatic or actively growing and the surgical approach for exposure of the lesion should be case specific.

  12. Tumours of reptiles 4. Multiple osteomas in the lizard Laceria viridis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolk, A.

    1958-01-01

    Whereas in fishes several osteomas (Bell, 1793; Gervais, 1875; Bland-Sutton, 1885 ; Plehn, 1906 ; Schroeders, 1908 ; Fiebiger, 1909 ; Williamson, 1913 ; Beatti, 1916 ; Kazama, 1924 ; Sagawa, 1925; Williams, 1929; Takahashi, 1929; Thomas, 1932, 1933; Lucké and Schlumberger, not published, see the pub

  13. Osteoma with cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal: neck manifestation of this rare association†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoyratty, Fadil; Sweed, Ahmed; Douglas, Susan; Magdy, Tawfik

    2013-06-26

    Osteoma and cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal is a rare clinical finding, presenting specific challenges in patients suffering from this dual pathology of the ear. We report on a unique complication of this association in a patient suffering with recurrent neck abscesses. Neck disease secondary to cholesteatoma has become nearly extinct with better clinical imaging and sensible antibiotic usage.

  14. Asistencia ventilatoria no invasiva domiciliaria nocturna en Pediatría PEDIATRIC NOCTURNAL NONINVASIVE VENTILATION ASSISTANCE AT HOME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANCISO PRADO A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La asistencia ventilatoria no invasiva domiciliaria nocturna (AVNIDN se indica en insuficiencia respiratoria crónica (IRC, síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS y ocasionalmente por hipoventilación central y fibrosis quística. Se hace una revisión retrospectiva de 10 pacientes sometidos a esta técnica de soporte ventilatorio no invasivo durante un periodo de 6 años (1996-2002, describiendo las indicaciones, tipo de AVNIDN y el seguimiento. Sus edades fluctuaron entre 1 a 13 años; 6 mujeres y 4 hombres. Seis pacientes tenían enfermedad neuromuscular; 3 parálisis cerebral y uno Arnold Chiari tipo II. Nueve presentaban xifoescoliosis. Las indicaciones fueron: IRC estable 3 pacientes; posterior a IRC descompensada 1; luego de insuficiencia respiratoria aguda en enfermos neuromusculares sin diagnóstico claro de IRC, 2 pacientes. SAOS secundaria a faringomalacia en 3 y por hipoventilación central uno. Dos presentaban restricción pulmonar moderada a severa y presiones máximas de vía aérea subnormales. Seis pacientes recibieron CPAP y 4 Bipap. El tiempo de hospitalización previo al alta fue de 3 a 90 días y la duración promedio del seguimiento fue 2 años. Tres recibieron entrenamiento muscular respiratorio. No hubo mortalidad; un paciente fue traqueostomizado. Nueve mejoraron, 5 no tuvieron rehospitalizaciones y 4 las disminuyeron. Cinco pacientes asisten al colegio. Un paciente con miopatía congénita y artrodesis mejoró sus pruebas funcionales respiratorias y la distancia recorrida en 6 minutos. Dos usaron irregularmente la AVNIDN y dos suspendieron tratamiento luego de un año. En nuestra experiencia, la AVNID minimizó las hospitalizaciones y promovió la reinserción social y escolar. La modalidad Bipap fue útil en patologías restrictivas y el CPAP en obstrucción de vía aérea superior/SAOSThe nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NNIV at home is often used in chronic respiratory failure (CRF and obstructive sleep

  15. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence findings in bilateral choroidal osteoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammet Kazim Erol

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors present enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI OCT and fundus autofluorescence (FAF characteristics of a patient with bilateral choroidal osteoma and try to make a correlation between two imaging techniques. Two eyes of a patient with choroidal osteoma underwent complete ophthalmic examination. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography revealed a cage-like pattern, which corresponded to the calcified region of the tumor. Fundus autofluorescence imaging of the same area showed slight hyperautofluorescence. Three different reflectivity patterns in the decalcified area were defined. In the areas of subretinal fluid, outer segment elongations similar to central serous chorioretinopathy were observed. Hyperautofluorescent spots were evident in fundus autofluorescence in the same area. Calcified and decalcified portions of choroidal osteoma as well as the atrophy of choriocapillaris demonstrated different patterns with enhanced depth imaging and fundus autofluorescence imaging. Both techniques were found to be beneficial in the diagnosis and follow-up of choroidal osteoma.

  16. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence findings in bilateral choroidal osteoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erol, Muhammet Kazim; Coban, Deniz Turgut; Ceran, Basak Bostanci; Bulut, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The authors present enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) characteristics of a patient with bilateral choroidal osteoma and try to make a correlation between two imaging techniques. Two eyes of a patient with choroidal osteoma underwent complete ophthalmic examination. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography revealed a cage-like pattern, which corresponded to the calcified region of the tumor. Fundus autofluorescence imaging of the same area showed slight hyperautofluorescence. Three different reflectivity patterns in the decalcified area were defined. In the areas of subretinal fluid, outer segment elongations similar to central serous chorioretinopathy were observed. Hyperautofluorescent spots were evident in fundus autofluorescence in the same area. Calcified and decalcified portions of choroidal osteoma as well as the atrophy of choriocapillaris demonstrated different patterns with enhanced depth imaging and fundus autofluorescence imaging. Both techniques were found to be beneficial in the diagnosis and follow-up of choroidal osteoma.

  17. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence findings in bilateral choroidal osteoma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erol, Muhammet Kazim; Coban, Deniz Turgut; Ceran, Basak Bostanci; Bulut, Mehmet, E-mail: muhammetkazimerol@gmail.com [Kazim Erol. Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Ophthalmology Department, Antalya (Turkey)

    2013-11-01

    The authors present enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) characteristics of a patient with bilateral choroidal osteoma and try to make a correlation between two imaging techniques. Two eyes of a patient with choroidal osteoma underwent complete ophthalmic examination. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography revealed a cage-like pattern, which corresponded to the calcified region of the tumor. Fundus autofluorescence imaging of the same area showed slight hyperautofluorescence. Three different reflectivity patterns in the decalcified area were defined. In the areas of subretinal fluid, outer segment elongations similar to central serous chorioretinopathy were observed. Hyperautofluorescent spots were evident in fundus autofluorescence in the same area. Calcified and decalcified portions of choroidal osteoma as well as the atrophy of choriocapillaris demonstrated different patterns with enhanced depth imaging and fundus autofluorescence imaging. Both techniques were found to be beneficial in the diagnosis and follow-up of choroidal osteoma. (author)

  18. ANÁLISIS DE LOS ENFOQUES DE APRENDIZAJE EN ESTUDIANTES DE JORNADA NOCTURNA EN RELACIÓN CON ACTIVIDADES LÚDICAS Y RECREATIVAS BASADAS EN EL JUEGO

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    Manuel Guillermo Soler Contreras

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Se reportan resultados de una experiencia a partir de un trabajo lúdico y recreativo, basado en el juego, dirigido por estudiantes del ciclo 302 de la jornada nocturna de una institución educativa, orientados por los docentes investigadores, e impartido a los compañeros de los demás ciclos. Estos conducen a concluir que los estudiantes del ciclo 302, impulsados por una motivación intrínseca, han guiado su aprendizaje bajo un enfoque profundo. Los estudiantes de los otros ciclos, al verse orientados por sus compañeros, han mostrado una actitud de convivencia y de competencia que es necesario seguir cultivando.

  19. Síndrome de ingesta nocturna como efecto colateral del zolpidem Sleep related eating disorders as a side effect of zolpidem

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    Stella Maris Valiensi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El zolpidem es una droga hipnótica utilizada para el tratamiento del insomnio. Disminuye la latencia del sueño, el número total de despertares y aumenta el tiempo total del sueño respetando en general su arquitectura. Se cree que aumenta la fase 3 del sueño lento profundo. Nuestro objetivo es comunicar 8 casos de síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño y conductas automáticas complejas asociadas a sonambulismo como efecto colateral del zolpidem. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de 8 pacientes tratados con zolpidem que referían ingesta nocturna de alimentos con amnesia total o parcial del episodio. Se presentan 6 mujeres y 2 hombres, entre 32 y 72 años (media: 58 años, 7 tratados con zolpidem 10 mg/noche y 1 con zolpidem 12.5 mg/noche de liberación prolongada. El tiempo de exposición previo al desarrollo de eventos fue de 1 a 180 días (media de 39.8. El número de episodios relatados era de 1 a 8/noche (media 2.5 asociado con amnesia. Los episodios desaparecieron por completo en el 100% de los casos al suspender la medicación. El síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño es una parasomnia de sueño lento profundo que consiste en episodios de ingesta de alimento o bebida durante la noche, con amnesia parcial o completa del episodio. El zolpidem podría inducir el síndrome de ingesta nocturna relacionado al sueño en aproximadamente el 1% de pacientes, aunque creemos que es un efecto adverso que está subdiagnosticado. Se resuelve simplemente suspendiendo la medicación.Zolpidem is a hypnotic drug used in sleep disorders. It binds selectively to alpha 1 subunit of the GABA A benzodiazepine receptor. Zolpidem reduces sleep latency, number of arousals and increases the total time of sleep. However, it is considered that it may increase phase 3 of non rapid eye movement sleep, where somnambulism can take place. Our aim is to report 8 cases of sleep related eating disorders associated with the use of this drug

  20. Osteoma of the internal auditory canal mimicking vestibular schwannoma: case report and review of 17 recent cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Jun; Takata, Yusuke; Miyazaki, Hiromitsu; Yahata, Izumi; Tachibana, Yasuhiko; Kobayashi, Toshimitsu; Kawase, Tetsuaki; Katori, Yukio

    2014-01-01

    Osteoma of the internal auditory canal (IAC) is an uncommon benign bone tumor. Its imaging features may be similar to other IAC lesions, such as vestibular schwannomas that are benign and usually slow-growing but sometimes life-threatening tumors. Thus, detecting IAC lesions and differentiating osteoma from other IAC lesions are both important clinically. We report a case of misdiagnosis of an IAC osteoma as an IAC schwannoma based on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using the three-dimensional constructive interference in steady state (CISS) sequence instead of T1-weighted MR imaging with gadolinium. We also review 17 cases of IAC osteomas reported in the past 22 years. A 61-year-old female was admitted to our department with IAC lesion incidentally discovered by the CISS sequence. The lesion was diagnosed as an IAC schwannoma, and was followed up annually under "wait and scan" management. Follow-up T1-weighted MR imaging with gadolinium showed no enhancement of the tumor, and additional computed tomography (CT) of the temporal bone showed a solitary pedunculated bony lesion, resulting in the diagnosis of IAC osteoma. The CISS sequence is useful for detecting small IAC lesions, such as vestibular schwannomas. However, the CISS sequence has limitations for qualitative diagnosis and can misdiagnose osteomas as schwannomas. Use of the CISS sequence without T1-weighted MR imaging with gadolinium for the screening of a lesion of the IAC and cerebellopontine angle should consider the possibility of IAC osteomas, and temporal bone CT or T1-weighted MR imaging with gadolinium should be performed when an IAC lesion is detected.

  1. Influence of titanium ion on mineral formation and properties of osteoid nodules in rat calvaria cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, H; Wurtz, T; Li, J

    1999-11-01

    The effect of the addition of titanium ion (Ti) on osteoblast function and the mineralization of osteoid nodules in rat calvaria cultures was characterized. Concentrations of 10 ppm of Ti or more inhibited cell proliferation; 5 ppm or less either had no effect or stimulated proliferation. The number of nodules formed was not influenced by 5 ppm of Ti, but mineral deposition in nodules was suppressed, as revealed by von Kossa staining. Likewise, 5 ppm of Ti inhibited the incorporation of [(45)Ca] in cultures during nodule formation even if the Ti was withdrawn from the medium when mineralization was initiated. In order to test whether the synthesis of osteoid components was affected, the expression of osteonectin (OSN), osteopontin (OPN), osteocalcin (OSC), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) mRNAs as well as ALP enzyme activity was analyzed. The expression of OSN and OPN mRNAs was reduced dramatically, but OSC mRNA was little affected by 5 ppm of Ti. Ti delayed the development of ALP mRNA expression and enzyme activity relative to the controls. Thus Ti treatment changed the proportional composition of cellular mRNA contributing the osteoblast phenotype.

  2. Ectopic osteoid and bone formation by three calcium-phosphate ceramics in rats, rabbits and dogs.

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    Liao Wang

    Full Text Available Calcium phosphate ceramics with specific physicochemical properties have been shown to induce de novo bone formation upon ectopic implantation in a number of animal models. In this study we explored the influence of physicochemical properties as well as the animal species on material-induced ectopic bone formation. Three bioceramics were used for the study: phase-pure hydroxyapatite (HA sintered at 1200°C and two biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP ceramics, consisting of 60 wt.% HA and 40 wt.% TCP (β-Tricalcium phosphate, sintered at either 1100°C or 1200°C. 108 samples of each ceramic were intramuscularly implanted in dogs, rabbits, and rats for 6, 12, and 24 weeks respectively. Histological and histomorphometrical analyses illustrated that ectopic bone and/or osteoid tissue formation was most pronounced in BCP sintered at 1100°C and most limited in HA, independent of the animal model. Concerning the effect of animal species, ectopic bone formation reproducibly occurred in dogs, while in rabbits and rats, new tissue formation was mainly limited to osteoid. The results of this study confirmed that the incidence and the extent of material-induced bone formation are related to both the physicochemical properties of calcium phosphate ceramics and the animal model.

  3. Ectopic ossification presenting as osteoid metaplasia in a salivary mucocele in a Shih Tzu dog

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    Fernandes Thaís R

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Salivary mucocele is an accumulation of saliva in a single or multiloculated cavity lined by connective tissue that is contiguous to a salivary gland-duct complex and is the most common condition affecting the salivary glands in dogs. Occasionally, different types of metaplastic lesions, such as squamous and osseous metaplasia - which are rare lesions in animals - can be observed in association with salivary mucocele. Case presentation A right facial enlargement was suddenly observed in a 4-year-old non-spayed female Shih-Tzu dog. The lesion presented itself as a soft and fluctuant mass located in the right side of the face near to the neck. Histologically, the mass consisted of a cavitary formation without an epithelial lining. Additionally, microscopic examination revealed the presence of osteoid-producing cells which gave rise to areas of bone formation, probably induced by irritation due to the presence sialoliths. Such cells and bone formations were also present in the cavity wall, consequently leading us to classify the condition as a salivary mucocele with osseous metaplasia. Conclusions In the present case, the pathogenesis was probably associated with the presence of sialoliths, which can behave as etiological agents for the metaplastic lesion. The occurrence of osteoid metaplasia is a rare peculiar condition in the canine salivar y gland, and due to the rarity and lack of information about this specific disease, no clinical data can yet be associated with the development of salivary mucocele with osseous metaplasia in dogs.

  4. Ectopic ossification presenting as osteoid metaplasia in a salivary mucocele in a Shih Tzu dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Thaís R; Grandi, Fabrizio; Monteiro, Lidianne N; Salgado, Breno S; Rocha, Rafael M; Rocha, Noeme S

    2012-02-01

    Salivary mucocele is an accumulation of saliva in a single or multiloculated cavity lined by connective tissue that is contiguous to a salivary gland-duct complex and is the most common condition affecting the salivary glands in dogs. Occasionally, different types of metaplastic lesions, such as squamous and osseous metaplasia - which are rare lesions in animals - can be observed in association with salivary mucocele. A right facial enlargement was suddenly observed in a 4-year-old non-spayed female Shih-Tzu dog. The lesion presented itself as a soft and fluctuant mass located in the right side of the face near to the neck. Histologically, the mass consisted of a cavitary formation without an epithelial lining. Additionally, microscopic examination revealed the presence of osteoid-producing cells which gave rise to areas of bone formation, probably induced by irritation due to the presence sialoliths. Such cells and bone formations were also present in the cavity wall, consequently leading us to classify the condition as a salivary mucocele with osseous metaplasia. In the present case, the pathogenesis was probably associated with the presence of sialoliths, which can behave as etiological agents for the metaplastic lesion. The occurrence of osteoid metaplasia is a rare peculiar condition in the canine salivar y gland, and due to the rarity and lack of information about this specific disease, no clinical data can yet be associated with the development of salivary mucocele with osseous metaplasia in dogs.

  5. Gardner syndrome associated with multiple osteomas, intestinal polyposis, and epidermoid cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Kwang-Joon; Park, Ha-Na; Kim, Kyoung-A

    2016-12-01

    Gardner syndrome is known as a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. This syndrome is characterized by multiple intestinal polyposes, osteomas, and epidermoid cysts. In addition, dental abnormalities include an increased frequency of multiple odontomas, as well as supernumerary and impacted teeth. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with Gardner syndrome. Radiographic findings revealed multiple osteomas in both sides of the maxilla, multiple diffuse enostoses in both jaws, and a complex odontoma in the left mandibular body. Two years later, multiple epidermoid cysts on the scalp were found. Since this patient was suspected to have Gardner syndrome, the authors recommended gastrointestinal endoscopy to check for intestinal polyposis. Gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed multiple polyposes in the upper gastrointestinal tract and fundus of the stomach. As a result, the final diagnosis was Gardner syndrome.

  6. Gardner syndrome associated with multiple osteomas, intestinal polyposis, and epidermoid cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koh, Kwang Joon; Park, Ha Na; Kim, Kyoung A [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry and Institute of Oral Bioscience, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-12-15

    Gardner syndrome is known as a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. This syndrome is characterized by multiple intestinal polyposes, osteomas, and epidermoid cysts. In addition, dental abnormalities include an increased frequency of multiple odontomas, as well as supernumerary and impacted teeth. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with Gardner syndrome. Radiographic findings revealed multiple osteomas in both sides of the maxilla, multiple diffuse enostoses in both jaws, and a complex odontoma in the left mandibular body. Two years later, multiple epidermoid cysts on the scalp were found. Since this patient was suspected to have Gardner syndrome, the authors recommended gastrointestinal endoscopy to check for intestinal polyposis. Gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed multiple polyposes in the upper gastrointestinal tract and fundus of the stomach. As a result, the final diagnosis was Gardner syndrome.

  7. Gardner syndrome associated with multiple osteomas, intestinal polyposis, and epidermoid cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Ha-Na; Kim, Kyoung-A

    2016-01-01

    Gardner syndrome is known as a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. This syndrome is characterized by multiple intestinal polyposes, osteomas, and epidermoid cysts. In addition, dental abnormalities include an increased frequency of multiple odontomas, as well as supernumerary and impacted teeth. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with Gardner syndrome. Radiographic findings revealed multiple osteomas in both sides of the maxilla, multiple diffuse enostoses in both jaws, and a complex odontoma in the left mandibular body. Two years later, multiple epidermoid cysts on the scalp were found. Since this patient was suspected to have Gardner syndrome, the authors recommended gastrointestinal endoscopy to check for intestinal polyposis. Gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed multiple polyposes in the upper gastrointestinal tract and fundus of the stomach. As a result, the final diagnosis was Gardner syndrome. PMID:28035305

  8. A STUDY ON PERI P HERAL OSTEOMAS OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION

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    Divashree

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of peripheral osteoma of maxillofacial region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight cases of peripheral osteoma were treated by surgical excision in Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Government College of Dentistry, Indore from May 2011 to August 2014. The clinical presentation and outcomes of the surgical management were analyzed. RESULTS: The 8 patients ranged in age from 16 to 48 years, with a mean age of 28.75 years. The lesion showed a male predilection with a male to female ratio, 3:1. Out of the eight cases 5 were located in mandible (62.5% and 3 were present in ma xilla (37.5%.

  9. Ethmoid osteoma as a culprit of orbital emphysema: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Ai; Li, Yinwei; Lin, Ming; Shi, Wodong; Fan, Xianqun

    2015-05-01

    Orbital emphysema is generally recognized as a complication of orbital fractures involving any paranasal sinuses. The recognition about its etiology has extended beyond sole trauma, but few articles mentioned tumors to be a possible cause.In this case report, we present a patient with orbital emphysema associated with ethmoid osteoma without orbital cellulitis or trauma history. The patient developed sudden proptosis, eyelid swelling, and movement limitation of the left eye, peripheral diplopia, and left periorbital crepitus after a vigorous nose blowing.Complete surgical resection of ethmoid osteoma followed by repair of the orbital medial wall was performed with assistance of combined endoscopy and navigational techniques. Twelve-month follow-up showed no residual lesion or recurrence; the orbital medial wall was accurately repaired with good visual function and facial symmetry.Tumors should be considered for differential diagnosis of orbital emphysema, and combined endoscopy and navigational techniques may improve safety, accuracy, and effectiveness of orbital surgeries.

  10. Post traumatic osteoma of tibial insertion of medial collateral ligament of knee joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanker, V S; Gadikoppula, S; Loeffler, M D

    1998-03-01

    Two cases are presented of post traumatic para-articular osteoma developing at the site of tibial attachment of the medial collateral ligament of knee joint. These occurred after injuries sustained while playing football and in one case the ossified mass was treated with surgical excision for unresolved symptoms after conservative measures. A comparison is made with Pellegrini Stieda disease, which is a similar affection of the femoral insertion of the medial ligament of the knee joint.

  11. Post traumatic osteoma of tibial insertion of medial collateral ligament of knee joint

    OpenAIRE

    Shanker, V. S.; Gadikoppula, S.; Loeffler, M. D.

    1998-01-01

    Two cases are presented of post traumatic para-articular osteoma developing at the site of tibial attachment of the medial collateral ligament of knee joint. These occurred after injuries sustained while playing football and in one case the ossified mass was treated with surgical excision for unresolved symptoms after conservative measures. A comparison is made with Pellegrini Stieda disease, which is a similar affection of the femoral insertion of the medial ligament of the knee joint....

  12. Two cases of orbital dystopia: Tessier III cleft and craniofacial osteomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnas, D W; Achauer, B M

    1981-01-01

    Two cases of orbital dystopia are reported. One was caused by a Tessier III cleft and was treated by cranio-facial osteotomies of three walls of the orbit, allowing the left to be moved upward. The second involved multiple craniofacial osteomas and was treated by extractional osteotomies of four walls of the orbit including a transverse split of the roof. These osteotomies were entirely extramucosal.

  13. Osteoma periférico en la rama mandibular: reporte de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Nilton; de Oliveira, Reinaldo; Deana, Naira Figueiredo; Freitas, Nelma Maria de

    2011-01-01

    The osteomas are benign rare neoplasms, generally asymptomatic which are characterized by the proliferation of a compact or spongy bone. When they are situated in the maxillofacial area, they affect mainly the mandible, the frontal bone and the paranasal sinus. We have described the case of a female caucasian patient who presented an increased volume in the posterior region of the oral vestibule on the left side. During the clinical examination an oral lesion was observed in the region of the...

  14. Middle ear osteoma causing progressive facial nerve weakness: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Kate; Bance, Manohar; Carter, Michael; Hong, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Facial nerve weakness is most commonly due to Bell’s palsy or cerebrovascular accidents. Rarely, middle ear tumor presents with facial nerve dysfunction. Case presentation We report a very unusual case of middle ear osteoma in a 49-year-old Caucasian woman causing progressive facial nerve deficit. A subtle middle ear lesion was observed on otoscopy and computed tomographic images demonstrated an osseous middle ear tumor. Complete surgical excision resulted in the partial recovery...

  15. Resection of giant ethmoid osteoma with orbital and skull base extension followed by duraplasty

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    Ferekidou Eliza

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteomas of ethmoid sinus are rare, especially when they involve anterior skull base and orbit, and lead to ophthalmologic and neurological symptoms. Case presentation The present case describes a giant ethmoid osteoma. Patient symptoms and signs were exophthalmos and proptosis of the left eye, with progressive visual acuity impairment and visual fields defects. CT/MRI scanning demonstrated a huge osseous lesion of the left ethmoid sinus (6.5 cm × 5 cm × 2.2 cm, extending laterally in to the orbit and cranially up to the anterior skull base. Bilateral extensive polyposis was also found. Endoscopic and external techniques were combined to remove the lesion. Bilateral endoscopic polypectomy, anterior and posterior ethmoidectomy and middle meatus antrostomy were performed. Finally, the remaining part of the tumor was reached and dissected from the surrounding tissue via a minimally invasive Lynch incision around the left middle canthus. During surgery, CSF rhinorrhea was observed and leakage was grafted with fascia lata and coated with bio-glu. Postoperatively, symptoms disappeared. Eighteen months after surgery, the patient is still free of symptoms. Conclusion Before management of ethmoid osteomas with intraorbital and skull base extension, a thorough neurological, ophthalmological and imaging evaluation is required, in order to define the bounders of the tumor, carefully survey the severity of symptoms and signs, and precisely plan the optimal treatment. The endoscopic procedure can constitute an important part of surgery undertaken for giant ethmoidal osteomas. In addition, surgeons always have to take into account a possible CSF leak and they have to be prepared to resolve it.

  16. Frontal sinus osteoma with osteoblastoma-like histology and associated intracranial pneumatocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmer, Larisa M; Kissel, Phillip; Ragsdale, Bruce D

    2012-09-01

    Osteomas of the cranial sinuses are rare, benign bony tumors that can be complicated by the formation of an intracranial pneumatocele. If not treated promptly, a pneumatocele can lead to abscess formation, meningitis, or ventriculitis. In the present case, an intracerebral pneumatocele was formed when an 18 cm(3) osteoma breached the posterior wall of the frontal sinus creating a one-way valve through which air could enter the intracranial cavity. The patient presented after forceful sneezing with nonspecific symptoms of headache, nausea, and vomiting. CT demonstrated a frontal collection of loculated air with mass effect within the left cerebral hemisphere. A partly mineralized mass occupied the left superior nasal ethmoid sinus and left frontal sinus. Of interest pathologically in this case, the tumor had a substantial osteoblastoma-like component. Surgical repair involved frontal craniotomy to remove the osteoma and debride frontal sinus mucosa, plugging the frontal nasal ducts and sinus with fat and bone wax, and dural restoration using an underwater closed drainage system to vent intracranial air and stabilize the patient.

  17. Multidisciplinary treatment of peripheral osteoma arising from mandibular condyle in patient presenting with facial asymmetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nojima, Kunihiko; Niizuma-Kosaka, Fumiko; Nishii, Yasushi; Sueishi, Kenji; Yamakura, Daiki; Ikumoto, Hideyuki; Ohata, Hitoshi; Inoue, Takashi

    2014-01-01

    While osteomas often occur in the orofacial area, it is relatively rare for one to occur in the temporomandibular joint area. Here, we report a patient who underwent multidisciplinary treatment including high condylectomy for peripheral osteoma arising in the left mandibular condyle. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with the chief complaint of facial asymmetry. Cephalometric analysis revealed skeletal anterior crossbite due to anterior deviation of the mandible, with chin deviation of 10 mm to the right. A computed tomography scan revealed bone hyperplasia in the mesiodistal and inner areas of the left mandibular condyle, which exhibited outward anterior displacement. Bone scintigraphy showed a circular area of strong radioisotope accumulation with indistinct boundaries, consistent with the lesion in the left mandibular condyle. The above findings led to a diagnosis of skeletal mandibular prognathism with facial asymmetry due to peripheral osteoma originating in the left mandibular condyle. After orthodontic treatment and surgical resection of the tumor and mandibular condyle, preservation and prosthetic treatment were undertaken. A well-balanced facial appearance and good occlusion were achieved.

  18. Choroidal osteoma with choroidal neovascular membrane: Successful treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab

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    Neeraj Pandey

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Neeraj Pandey, Ayachit GuruprasadMM Joshi Eye Institute, Hubli, Karnataka, IndiaAbstract: An otherwise healthy 27-year-old woman presented with complaints of sudden painless blurred vision in the right eye for one week. On examination, visual acuity was 20/30 in the right eye and 20/20 in left eye. Fundus examination OS was normal, but OD demonstrated an elevated, opaque, yellowish parapapillary choroidal lesion with grayish membrane associated with minimal subretinal fluid, suggestive of a choroidal neovascular membrane in the center. B-scan ultrasonography revealed findings consistent with a choroidal osteoma. Fundus fluorescein angiography of the right eye revealed a relatively well defined area of hyperfluorescence that increased in size and intensity in the later phases, suggestive of active extrafoveal choroidal neovascular membrane. Optical coherence tomography confirmed the extrafoveal choroidal neovascular membrane with subfoveal fluid. She was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab OD. At the two-week visit, vision OD improved to 20/20. Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography revealed a resolved choroidal neovascular membrane. Intravitreal bevacizumab may be an effective alternative in the management of choroidal neovascular membrane secondary to choroidal osteoma.Keywords: osteoma, choroidal neovascular membrane, optical coherence tomography, bevacizumab

  19. Intracranial subdural osteoma: a rare benign tumor that can be differentiated from other calcified intracranial lesions utilizing MR imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barajas, Ramon F; Perry, Arie; Sughrue, Michael; Aghi, Manish; Cha, Soonmee

    2012-10-01

    We report the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics of subdural osteoma and other benign calcified intracranial lesions to highlight imaging features that differentiate between these disease entities. A 63-year-old woman presented with progressively altered mental status. Non-contrast CT demonstrated a densely calcified right middle cranial fossa extra-axial mass. MR imaging of the lesion demonstrated T1 and T2 hypointensity without evidence of contrast enhancement, parenchymal abnormality, or connection to adjacent venous structures. Diffusion weighted imaging demonstrated markedly decreased signal intensity and artificially reduced diffusion on apparent diffusion coefficient map. Histologically, the tumor was predominantly composed of lamellar bone and small fragments of residual dura consistent with subdural osteoma. This case demonstrates that radiological examination can provide additional insight into the origin of intracranial osteomas (extradural versus subdural versus sinonasal) and help distinguish from other diagnostic considerations including benign meningeal ossification and calcified meningioma prior to surgical resection.

  20. Combination therapy of low-fluence photodynamic therapy and intravitreal ranibizumab for choroidal neovascular membrane in choroidal osteoma

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    Rodney J Morris

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal osteoma is an unusual form of intraocular calcification seen in otherwise healthy eyes. It is a benign idiopathic osseous tumor of the choroid, typically seen in young females. Choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM is a complication seen in one-third of these patients and carries a poor visual outcome. We report a case of a 25-year-old hyperthyroid female with choroidal osteoma and subfoveal CNVM in her left eye which was successfully treated using low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT with verteporfin followed by a single injection of intravitreal ranibizumab.

  1. Osteomas fronto-etmoidais: aspectos clínicos e cirúrgicos Fronto-ethmoid osteomas: clinical and surgical aspects

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    Romualdo Suzano Louzeiro Tiago

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Osteomas fronto-etmoidais são os tumores benignos mais freqüentes dos seios paranasais, podendo evoluir com complicações infecciosas e destruição das estruturas adjacentes. Apesar de serem relativamente freqüentes, poucos são os casos que necessitam de tratamento cirúrgico. Objetivo: Relatar um grupo de nove pacientes com osteoma frontal ou etmoidal, e discutir a apresentação clínica e o tratamento mais adequado desta doença. Forma de estudo: Clínico prospectivo. Material e Método: Realizado estudo clínico prospectivo de nove pacientes, operados no HSPE-FMO e no Hospital São Luiz de São Paulo, no período de 1995 a 1999. O tratamento cirúrgico foi a opção terapêutica escolhida neste grupo. Foi avaliada a evolução clínica no pós-operatório. Resultados: Dos nove pacientes, cinco eram do sexo feminino e quatro do sexo masculino, com idade variando de 12 a 55 anos e com média etária de 39,55 anos. Todos os pacientes tiveram resolução do quadro inicial, sendo que apenas um evoluiu com seqüelas (hiposmia. Conclusão: Baseados na revisão bibliográfica e nos casos acompanhados, concluímos que as lesões localizadas próximas ao óstio de drenagem do seio frontal, as que ultrapassam os limites dos seios frontal e etmoidal, bem como aquelas localizadas no etmóide, devem ser tratadas cirurgicamente.Introduction: Fronto-ethmoidal osteomas are the most frequent paranasal sinus benign tumor and they may envolve with either infectious complications and destruction of adjacent structures. Though they are relatively frequent, few of them are cases requiring surgery. Aim: To report on a group of nine patients with frontal or ethmoidal osteoma, as well as to discuss the clinical presentation and the most suitable treatment of this disease. Study design: Clinical prospective. Material and Method: A prospective clinical study of nine patients who were submitted to surgery at the HSPE-FMO (State Public Servants

  2. Osteoma de la escotadura sigmoidea mandibular. Descripción de un caso

    OpenAIRE

    Argüero, M.; Gay Escoda, Cosme

    1993-01-01

    Se describe un caso de osteoma periférico del maxilar inferior de localización excepcional en la escotadura sigmoidea. Se trataba de un paciente de 73 años, con dolor a nivel de la articulación temporomaxilar izquierda, limitación de la apertura bucal y que referia la percepción de un roce al masticar. La radiografia lateral, tomografia y ortopantomografia confirmaron la presencia de un tumor bilobulado en la escotadura sigmoidea mandibular. Tras la exéresis quirúrgica por vía preauricular, e...

  3. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factors for choroidal neovascularization secondary to choroidal osteoma: Long-term results

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    T Lekha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choroidal osteoma is an uncommon benign osseous intraocular tumor typically seen unilaterally in young women. Visual loss can occur due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV complicating osteoma. We report a rare case of bilateral choroidal osteoma with secondary CNV in a young male and the long-term results following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF therapy. A 30-year-old male with history of defective vision in both eyes since several years and recent worsening in the right eye (RE since 2 months was found to have bilateral macular osteoma with CNV in the RE based on clinical evaluation, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasonography. Intravitreal injection of ranibizumab at monthly intervals for three doses resulted in resolution of CNV and remained stable for 5 years. Recurrent CNV detected 6 years later responded to an injection of intravitreal bevacizumab and has remained stable till date. Anti-VEGF therapy stabilized the secondary CNV in our patient for 7 years with satisfactory structural and functional outcome, demonstrating the long-term efficacy of this modality of treatment.

  4. Role of Intravitreal Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections for Choroidal Neovascularization due to Choroidal Osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Ahmad M; Arevalo, J Fernando; Al Kahtani, Eman; Zegarra, Hernando; Abboud, Emad; Anand, Rajiv; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Sisk, Robert A; Mirza, Salman; Tuncer, Samuray; Navea Tejerina, Amparo; Mataix, Jorge; Ascaso, Francisco J; Pulido, Jose S; Guthoff, Rainer; Goebel, Winfried; Roh, Young Jung; Banker, Alay S; Gentile, Ronald C; Martinez, Isabel Alonso; Morris, Rodney; Panday, Neeraj; Min, Park Jung; Mercé, Emilie; Lai, Timothy Y Y; Massoud, Vicky; Ghazi, Nicola G

    2014-01-01

    We treated 26 eyes of 25 young patients having a mean age of 30 years with intravitreal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor for choroidal new vessel (CNV) formation overlying choroidal osteoma over a mean follow-up of 26 months. Mean number of injections was 2.4 at 6 months, 3.2 at 12 months, and 5.5 at 24 months. CNV was subfoveal in 14 eyes, juxtafoveal in 5, extrafoveal in 5, and peripapillary in 2. By paired comparison, mean decrease from baseline was 119.7 microns at 6 months (n = 15; P = 0.001), 105.3 microns at 1 year (n = 10; P = 0.03), and 157.6 microns at 2 years (n = 7; P = 0.08). BCVA improved by 3.3 lines at 6 months after therapy (n = 26; P < 0.001), 2.8 lines (n = 20; P = 0.01) at 1 year, and 3.1 lines (n = 13; P = 0.049) at 2 years. We conclude that intravitreal anti-VEGF injections improve vision in majority of eyes with CNV from choroidal osteoma.

  5. Role of Intravitreal Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections for Choroidal Neovascularization due to Choroidal Osteoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Ahmad M.; Al Kahtani, Eman; Zegarra, Hernando; Anand, Rajiv; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Sisk, Robert A.; Mirza, Salman; Tuncer, Samuray; Navea Tejerina, Amparo; Mataix, Jorge; Ascaso, Francisco J.; Pulido, Jose S.; Guthoff, Rainer; Goebel, Winfried; Roh, Young Jung; Banker, Alay S.; Gentile, Ronald C.; Martinez, Isabel Alonso; Morris, Rodney; Panday, Neeraj; Min, Park Jung; Mercé, Emilie; Lai, Timothy Y. Y.; Massoud, Vicky; Ghazi, Nicola G.

    2014-01-01

    We treated 26 eyes of 25 young patients having a mean age of 30 years with intravitreal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor for choroidal new vessel (CNV) formation overlying choroidal osteoma over a mean follow-up of 26 months. Mean number of injections was 2.4 at 6 months, 3.2 at 12 months, and 5.5 at 24 months. CNV was subfoveal in 14 eyes, juxtafoveal in 5, extrafoveal in 5, and peripapillary in 2. By paired comparison, mean decrease from baseline was 119.7 microns at 6 months (n = 15; P = 0.001), 105.3 microns at 1 year (n = 10; P = 0.03), and 157.6 microns at 2 years (n = 7; P = 0.08). BCVA improved by 3.3 lines at 6 months after therapy (n = 26; P < 0.001), 2.8 lines (n = 20; P = 0.01) at 1 year, and 3.1 lines (n = 13; P = 0.049) at 2 years. We conclude that intravitreal anti-VEGF injections improve vision in majority of eyes with CNV from choroidal osteoma. PMID:25147732

  6. Role of Intravitreal Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor Injections for Choroidal Neovascularization due to Choroidal Osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad M. Mansour

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We treated 26 eyes of 25 young patients having a mean age of 30 years with intravitreal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF inhibitor for choroidal new vessel (CNV formation overlying choroidal osteoma over a mean follow-up of 26 months. Mean number of injections was 2.4 at 6 months, 3.2 at 12 months, and 5.5 at 24 months. CNV was subfoveal in 14 eyes, juxtafoveal in 5, extrafoveal in 5, and peripapillary in 2. By paired comparison, mean decrease from baseline was 119.7 microns at 6 months (n=15; P=0.001, 105.3 microns at 1 year (n=10; P=0.03, and 157.6 microns at 2 years (n=7; P=0.08. BCVA improved by 3.3 lines at 6 months after therapy (n=26; P<0.001, 2.8 lines (n=20; P=0.01 at 1 year, and 3.1 lines (n=13; P=0.049 at 2 years. We conclude that intravitreal anti-VEGF injections improve vision in majority of eyes with CNV from choroidal osteoma.

  7. In Vitro Mineralization of an Osteoid-Like Dense Collagen Construct for Bone Tissue Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marelli, Benedetto

    The aim of this doctoral research was to design and evaluate strategies to rapidly achieve an acellular mineralization of an osteoid-like dense collagen gel for potential applications in bone regeneration. It was hypothesized that the collagen fibrillar density (CFD) affects the microenvironment and the physical properties of the framework of collagen gels. To test this hypothesis, and as a first objective, the mineralization of collagen gel sheets, rolls and strips with increasing CFDs was investigated in vitro in simulated body fluid (SBF). Collagen gels with physiologically relevant CFDs (14.1 wt%) led to greater extent of mineralization (12 dry wt% at day 14 in SBF), when compared to highly hydrated gels. Chemical characterization confirmed this mineral phase to be CHA, which significantly increased the gel apparent modulus and ultimate tensile strength (UTS). Surprisingly, CFD also affected the electrostatic properties of collagen gel, as investigated by quantifying the extent of anionic and cationic dyes bound to collagen gels with different CFDs. It was therefore proposed that the increase in gel CFD led to a more physiological microenvironment, resulting in a higher number of fibril-to-fibril contact points and an increase in charge concentration, which facilitated the mineral formation and validated the proposed osteoid model. As a second objective, the mineralization of dense collagen (DC) gels with physiologically relevant CFD (14.1 wt%) was enhanced and accelerated by mimicking the role of anionic non collagenous proteins (NCPs) in the native osteoid, which act as CHA nucleators. Two strategies were implemented: first, the influence of collagen fibrillization pH on the extent of DC gel mineralization was investigated. Since the collagen molecule is slightly positively charged at physiological pH (isoelectric point at pH 7.8), it was hypothesized that it would be more negatively charged if formed in an alkaline environment, i.e., above its isoelectric

  8. A Case of Primary Osteoma Cutis%原发性皮肤骨瘤1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海斌; 周萍; 罗来华

    2013-01-01

    患者女,23岁.12年前发现右腹部出现数十个米粒状小结节,质硬,无明显自觉症状.皮损组织病理示:真皮层见灶性板层状成熟骨组织,部分骨小梁周围可见成骨细胞.诊断:原发性皮肤骨瘤.%A 23-year-old female had presented with multiple and asymptomatic small nodular lesions on the right abdomen for 12 years.These lesions were as hard as bone.Histopathological examination showed that focal lamellar matured bone in dermis.Osteoblasts were around some of the bone trabecular.Diagnosis of primary osteoma cutis was made.

  9. Split Rib Cranioplasty for Frontal Osteoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koksal, Vaner; Kayaci, Selim; Bedir, Recep

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Osteomas are benign bone tumors. They generally lead to a local thickness on the frontal bone in calvarium. When they occur on the forehead, they often cause a cosmetic disorder without any neurological symptoms. The significant problem is the repair method of the cranium defect. Case Presentation The rib of a 34-year-old female was split and used for a small cranium defect of 3 × 3.5 cm. The preferred method and the obtained results were presented under the guidance of the literature. Conclusions Along with the technological advancement, different materials are employed according to the size of the cranium defect and the age of the case. The application of split costa cranioplasty for the small cranium defects in the region of patient’s face is the method with the least possibility of complications, and its cosmetic and functional results are quite promising. PMID:27656291

  10. Gardner's syndrome: Genetic testing and colonoscopy are indicated in adolescents and young adults with cranial osteomas: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We present a case of a 25-year-old female with diagnosed familial adenomatous polyposis and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen with negative family history.The suspicion of Gardner's syndrome was raised because extirpation of an osteoma of the left temporo-occipital region was made 10 years ago. Restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis was made but histology delineated adenocarcinoma of the rectum (Dukes C stage). We conclude that cranial osteomas often precede gastrointestinal manifestations of familial adenomatous polyposis or Gardner's syndrome and such patients should be evaluated with genetic testing followed by colonoscopy if results are positive to prevent the development of colorectal carcinoma. If the diagnosis is positive all family members should be evaluated for familial adenomatous polyposis.

  11. Three cases of osteoma and an osseous fibroma of the paranasal sinuses of horses in South Africa : clinical communication

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    I. Cilliers

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Four horses were presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital with histories of facial asymmetry, nasal discharge or obstruction of normal nasal passage airflow. Radiographic examination of the maxillary sinuses of 2 cases revealed well circumscribed, unilateral, mineralised masses; the other 2 cases showed less mineralisation. The masses were accessed for further investigation by surgically created frontonasal bone flaps or trephination of the maxillary sinuses. Diagnosis of osteoma was confirmed histopathologically in 3 of the cases and of ossifying fibroma in the 4th. Two horses were euthanased directly after surgical intervention due to poor prognosis. Osteomas are by nature expansile tumours and follow the complex communication of the sinuses, and therefore are not all amenable to surgical removal. Osseous fibromas are large, solitary, expansile lesions that are rare in all species but reported most frequently in horses. They have an apparent predilection for the rostral mandible of the horse.

  12. Unusual presentation of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome due to a giant mandible osteoma: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarsitano, A; Marchetti, C

    2013-02-01

    Osteomas are benign lesions composed of mature compact and/or cancellous bone that grow continuously. Their pathogenesis is unknown. It has been considered to be a neoplasm, a developmental or reactive osteogenic lesion resulting from muscle traction on the periosteum, or due to trauma. Herein, we report an unusual case of giant osteoma of the mandible depressing the lateral pharyngeal wall, interfering with normal respiration during the night. The uniqueness of this case is related to snoring and sleep apnoea symptoms. In fact, he presented to our Department because daytime sleepiness hindered his work, and not for the evident facial swelling. We reported our experience in diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of this uncommon disease. Polysomnography, CT scan and 3-D PAS volume analysis are useful tools to study in detail the aetiology of apnoea and assess outcomes.

  13. 结膜下骨瘤一例分析%Subconjunctival Osteoma:Report of One Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉青; 邹媛媛; 侯四清

    2012-01-01

    结膜下骨瘤是一种很罕见的眼部肿瘤,多为良性.本文报告1例以可疑结膜下异物收入院的患者,经手术切除后,切除物病理回报为"结膜骨瘤",随访1年无复发.在临床工作中,此类病例需与结膜下异物、骨痂及结膜瘢痕相鉴别.%Subconjunctival osteoma is a rare ocular tumor, mostly benign. This case was admitted to hospital due to suspected conjunctival foreign bodies. Pathological report of postoperative incision showed " subconjunctival osteoma" . Recurrence was not noted during 1 - year follow - up. In clinical work, such cases should be identified referring to subconjunctival foreign bodies, callus and conjunctival scarring.

  14. Additional Detection of Multiple Osteomas in a Patient with Gardner's Syndrome by Bone SPECT/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Woo Hyoung; Kim, Daeweung; Kim, Chang Guhn; Kim, Myoung Hyoun [Wonkwang Univ. School of Medicine, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disorder which generally develops numerous polyps in the colon and rectum during the second decade of life. Gardner's syndrome is a variant of FAP which has multiple osteomas, dental abnormalities, and fibromas, with incidence ranging between 1 in 4,000 and 1 in 40,000, depending on the region. We present the case of a 35-year-old man referred to our department for bone scintigraphy who was shown to have multiple colon polyps and nuchal type fibroma. In this patient, planar image showed intensely increased uptakes of bone agent in the maxilla and mandible, which are typical findings of Gardner's syndrome. Single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) was acquired to accurately identify and locate abnormal uptakes detected on planar images. SPECT/CT showed numerous osteomas in the maxilla and mandible where intense uptakes of bone agent were seen. Mildly asymmetrical, focally increased uptake in the superomedial aspect of the left orbit on anterior planar image was shown to be a fontal sinus osteoma on SPECT/CT. Enhanced sensitivity of detecting lesions of SPECT/CT superior to planar scintigraphy has been reported in previous studies. In this report, additional osteomas of sphenoidal and ethmoidal sinuses, which were not seen on planar scintigraphy, were detected by SPECT/CT. This case emphasizes that nuclear physicians should be aware of the typical findings of bone scintigraphy for Gardner's syndrome and also that SPECT/CT could be helpful to diagnose additional lesions not seen on planar images.

  15. Nodular osteochondrogenic activity in soft tissue surrounding osteoma in neurogenic para osteo-arthropathy: morphological and immunohistochemical study

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    Denys P

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neurogenic Para-Osteo-Arthropathy (NPOA occurs as a consequence of central nervous system injuries or some systemic conditions. They are characterized by bone formation around the main joints. Methods In order to define some biological features of NPOAs, histological and immunohistological studies of the soft tissue surrounding osteoma and Ultrasound examination (US of NPOA before the appearance of abnormal ossification on plain radiographs were performed. Results We have observed a great number of ossifying areas scattered in soft tissues. US examination have also shown scattered ossifying areas at the early stage of ossification. A high osteogenic activity was detected in these tissues and all the stages of the endochondral process were observed. Mesenchymal cells undergo chondrocytic differentiation to further terminal maturation with hypertrophy, which sustains mineralization followed by endochondral ossification process. Conclusion We suggest that periosteoma soft tissue reflect early stage of osteoma formation and could be a model to study the mechanism of osteoma formation and we propose a mechanism of the NPOA formation in which sympathetic dystony and altered mechanical loading induce changes which could be responsible for the cascade of cellular events leading to cartilage and bone formation.

  16. 原发性鼻窦骨瘤临床分析%Clinical analysis of primary nasal sinus osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董佳迪; 陆美萍; 周涵; 张伟强; 李盈盈; 董伟达

    2015-01-01

    目的 总结并分析原发性鼻窦骨瘤的临床特征、诊断方法、手术入路及预后.方法 回顾性分析南京医科大学第一附属医院2007年1月至2013年12月收治的48例原发性鼻窦骨瘤患者的临床资料.所有患者均行术前CT检查,8例另行MRI检查,并依据影像检查结果制定手术方案.手术入路方式为鼻侧切开术14例,鼻内镜下鼻窦骨瘤切除术12例,冠状切口颅骨切开术13例,颅面联合径路(颅底前入路-额颞入路术)4例,传统Caldwell-Luc进路手术5例.结果 本组患者术后病理诊断密质型骨瘤20例,松质型骨瘤15例,混合型骨瘤13例.该组48例鼻窦骨瘤患者术后6例失访,余42例平均随访6个月至5年,有5例骨瘤复发.本组患者术后并发鼻窦黏液囊肿4例,脑脊液鼻漏3例.结论 鼻窦骨瘤较常见,CT和/或MRI有助于评估肿瘤的大小、位置、可能的来源和手术方案的制定.手术切除是主要治疗方式,鼻侧切开术和鼻内镜下鼻窦骨瘤切除术可切除绝大多数肿瘤.鼻窦骨瘤预后好,较少复发.%Objective To summarize and analyze the clinical features,diagnosis,surgical approaches and treatment outcomes of patients with primary nasal sinus osteoma.Methods A retrospective review of 48 cases with primary nasal sinus osteoma treated from January 2007 to December 2013 was performed.All patients underwent preoperative CT scan and postoperative histopathologic examination.The surgical approaches included lateral rhinotomy in 14 cases,nasal endoscopic resection in 12 cases,coronal surgical incision craniotomy in 13 cases,combined craniofacial approach in 4 cases,and Caldwell-Luc approach in 5 cases.Results The postoperative pathological diagnosis consisted of 3 variants,including 20 for compact type and 15 for cancellous type,and 13 for mixed type.Six cases were lost to follow-up and 42 cases were followed up for 6-60 months,5 cases recurred.The post-operative complications included sinus mucous cyst

  17. Depiction of Nidi and Fibrovascular Zones of Osteoid Ostemas Using Gamma Correction Tc 99m HDP Pinhole Bone Scan and Conventional Radiograph, and Correlation with CT, MRI, and PVC Phantom Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahk, Youg Whee [Sung Ae Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Hoon; Chung, Yong An; Bahk, Won Jong; Park, Jung Mee; Kang, You Mee; Choi, Woo Hee; Park, Young Ha; Sohn, Hyung Sun; Kim, Byung Ki; Chung, Soo Kyo [The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    For the precise imaging diagnosis of osteoid osteoma (OO), the identification of the nidus and fibrovascular zone (FVZ) is essential. However, the latter sign has received little attention because it is difficult to demonstrate. We applied the recently introduced gamma correction (GC) to depict the FVZ on pinhole bone scan (PBS), conventional radiography (CR), and computed tomography (CT). Non gamma correction MRI was also analyzed for reference. Ten patients with histologically proven diagnoses of OO were enrolled in this retrospective study. PBS, CR, and CT were processed by GC to demonstrate the nidi and FVZ as distinct yet integrating components of OO. PBS was performed using a 4mm pinhole collimator 3 h after iv injection of 925 to 1, 110 MBq (25 to 30mCi) of Tc 99m HDP, and anteroposterior and mediolateral CR and transverse CT were taken according to the standard technique. MRI sequences included T1 and T2 weighted images. For gamma correction, we utilized the Photo Correction Wizard program of ACD Photo Editor v3. 1. A team of three qualified nuclear physician radiologists, two nuclear physicians, and one MRI specialist read bone scans, radiographs, and MRIs of OO according to each specialty, and orthopaedic aspects and histology were reviewed by one qualified orthopedic surgeon and two qualified pathologists, respectively. Each observer first read the images separately with basic information about the aim of the study given and then in concert. Interpretive disagreement was settled by discussion and consensus. On pinhole scan, nidi were presented as areas of intense tracer uptake in all cases, and, importantly after GC, a thin ring like zone with lower tracer uptake became visible in seven out of ten cases. GCCR also revealed a thin lucent zone that circumscribed the nidi in six out of ten cases and GCCT in two of four cases. MRI, without GC, presented nidi with high signal in the center and a thin ring like zone with low signal in the periphery in five out

  18. Osteosarcoma of the maxilla with concurrent osteoma in a southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, J. Rodriguez-Ramos; Thomas, N.J.; Dubielzig, R.R.; Drees, R.

    2012-01-01

    Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) are threatened marine mammals that belong to the family Mustelidae and are native to the coast of Central California. Neoplasia is reported infrequently in seaotters. An adult female free-ranging southern sea otter was found alive at Pebble Beach, Monterey County, California, on January 1st, 1994 and died soon after capture. The carcass was submitted to the US Geological Survey – National Wildlife Health Center for necropsy examination. Grossly, a mass with rubbery texture was firmly attached to the left maxillary region of the skull and the nasopharynx was occluded by soft neoplastic tissue. Post-mortem skull radiographs showed an oval, smoothly marginated mineralized opaque mass centered on the left maxilla, extending from the canine tooth to caudal to the molar and replacing portions of the zygomatic arch and palatine and temporal bones. The majority of the mass protruded laterally from the maxilla and was characterized by central homogeneous mineral opacity. Microscopically, the mass was characterized by fully differentiated lamellar non-osteonal bone that expanded beyond the margins of the adjacent normal osteonal bone. Sections of the nasopharyngeal mass were comprised of moderately pleomorphic cells with bony stroma. Gross, microscopical and radiological findings were compatible with maxillary osteosarcoma with concurrent osteoma.

  19. A case of primary osteoma cutis%原发性皮肤骨瘤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡继旭; 严煜林; 罗虹

    2012-01-01

    A one-year-old female had asymptomatic, firm, plate-like nodules of various sizes and shapes on right abdomen, flank and left leg since she was 2 months old. Laboratory tests showed normal levels of serum calcium and phosphate. Histopathological examination of right abdominal lesion showed the lamellar mature bone in dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Osteoblasts were around some of the trabecular bone. Diagnosis of primary osteoma cutis was established.%报告1例原发性皮肤骨瘤.患儿女,1岁.出生2个月时其母发现其右腹部、右腰部、左大腿皮肤多发性大小不等的扁平结节,质硬,无明显自觉症状.血清钙磷水平正常.右腹部皮损组织病理示:真皮层及真皮下层可见板层状不规则排列的分化成熟的骨组织,部分骨小梁周围可见成骨细胞.诊断:原发性皮肤骨瘤.

  20. Esophageal stricture caused by rib osteoma in a cat: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone CS Cunha

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 6-year-old male domestic shorthair cat presented with frequent food regurgitation and dysphagia. Plain thoracic radiographs revealed a calcified mass overlying the topography of the mediastinum, as well as dilation of the cervical portion of the esophagus due to an accumulation of food. Endoscopic examination showed a severe extraluminal esophageal stricture at the mediastinum entrance. Surgery and a gastric tube were declined by the cat’s owner, with palliative support preferred. However, 1 year later, the cat presented with severe cachexia, dysphagia, salivation, dehydration and inspiratory dyspnea. Thoracic computed tomography was performed to evaluate the possibility of surgical resection. A mass of bone density originating in the second left rib was observed. The mass did not appear to have invaded adjacent structures but marked compression of the mediastinal structures was observed. Surgical resection was performed and a prosthetic mesh was used to reconstruct the thoracic wall. Transient Horner’s syndrome developed in the left eye postoperatively, and was resolved within 4 weeks. Histopathology revealed a benign osteoma. Thirty-two months after surgery, the cat was well and free of disease. Relevance and novel information Rib tumors should be included in a differential diagnosis in cats with extraluminal esophageal stricture. CT should be performed for treatment planning. Surgical treatment was curative in this case.

  1. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of choroidal osteoma with secondary neovascular membranes: report of two cases

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    Patrícia Correa de Mello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We report enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT features based on clinical and imaging data from two newly diagnosed cases of choroidal osteoma presenting with recent visual loss secondary to choroidal neovascular membranes. The features described in the two cases, compression of the choriocapillaris and disorganization of the medium and large vessel layers, are consistent with those of previous reports. We noticed a sponge-like pattern previously reported, but it was subtle. Both lesions had multiple intralesional layers and a typical intrinsic transparency with visibility of the sclerochoroidal junction.

  2. Complicações neurológicas por osteomas dos seios paranasais: A propósito de um caso de pneumatocele extradural por osteoma do seio frontal

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    R. Melaragno Filho

    1951-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam o caso de um homem de 38 anos de idade que apresentava uma hemiparesia direita nítida, sem afasia, datando de cerca de um mês. O déficit motor no dimídio direito se iniciara com violenta cefaléia, rebelde ao uso de analgésicos, mas que, pouco a pouco, cedeu completamente. O exame clínico não revelou qualquer causa capaz de explicar a hemiparesia. Liqüido cefaiorraquidiano e exame oftalmoscòpico inteiramente normais. As radiografias simples do crânio mostravam opacificação de consistência compacta no seio frontal e imagem aérea, volumosa, ocupando a maior parte do hemicrânio esquerdo. Os cortes planigráficos sagitais revelaram erosão da parede posterior e do assoalho do seio frontal, sem continuidade com a coleção de ar. Durante a operação foi verificada integridade da dura mater. Dias após a intervenção, a motricidade voluntária do hemicorpo direito já havia melhorado consideravelmente e, um mês após, o exame neurológico foi totalmente negativo. Tratava-se de osteoma ebùrneo. Após estudar os aspectos otorrinolaringológicos dos osteomas dos seios frontais, os autores consideram as suas eventuais complicações. Assim, se o tumor crescer para o lado, poderá invadir a órbita, causando exoftalmo, proptose e diplopia; expandindo-se para trás, poderá erosar a parede posterior do seio frontal, ocasionando pneumatocele extradural, como ocorreu no caso registrado neste trabalho; sucessivamente, poderá também perfurar a dura mater (pneumatocele subdural, invadir o tecido cerebral (pneumatocele intracerebral e mesmo se comunicar com o ventrículo lateral (pneumatocele ventricular. Essas coleções aéreas intracranianas (pneumocéfalos são eventualidades excepcionais em doença também rara. De fato, até 1941, haviam sido registrados 321 casos de osteomas, dos quais apenas 8 se complicaram de pneumocéfalo: 2 extradurais, 4 intracerebrais e 2 ventriculares. Por outro lado, essas complica

  3. Lesões múltiplas de osteoma cutis na face: terapêutica minimamente invasiva em pacientes com sequela de acne - relato de casos Multiple injuries of osteoma skin in the face: therapeutical least invasive in patients with acne sequela - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Göedert Leite Duarte

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma cutis é a formação óssea no interior da pele, podendo ser primária ou secundária. Única ou múltipla, de tamanhos variados e acometendo ambos os sexos, é uma lesão cutânea rara, de etiopatogenia e classificação ainda discutidas. Nosso objetivo foi relatar o diagnóstico e a terapêutica minimamente invasiva de lesões múltiplas de osteoma cutis na face em pacientes com sequelas de acne. Fizemos a retirada dos osteomas com agulhas BD 0,70 x 25 22G1, sem anestésicos tópicos ou injetáveis no local. As pequenas incisões foram deixadas expostas, com pomada cicatrizante. Obteve-se um excelente resultado estético em 15 dias.Osteoma cutis is a bone formation in the dermis can to be primary or secondary forms. Only, multiples, many forms, occurring on either sex, they are a rare cutaneous disease. The pathogenesis and classification remains unclear. Our objective was the diagnostic and small invasive surgery treatment of the osteoma cutis multiple of the face, in patients as a sequel of acne. To remove the osteoma we used needle BD 0,70x25 22G1, without anesthetic topic or inject able site. The small wounds were exposed with scarring balsam. We got an excellent esthetic result after 15 days.

  4. Osteoma de meato acústico externo: relato de nove casos e revisão de literatura

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    Testa José Ricardo G.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoma de meato acústico externo corresponde a um crescimento ósseo anormal e benigno, que se desenvolve abaixo da pele do conduto e pode causar obstrução total ou parcial do meato acústico externo. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Estudo de série. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Apresentamos neste estudo nove casos de osteoma de meato acústico externo. A idade dos pacientes variou de 23 anos (idade mínima e 70 anos (idade máxima, sendo a média 40,6 anos. Desses nove pacientes, 5 eram do sexo feminino e 4 eram do sexo masculino. RESULTADO: Os sintomas mais comuns foram: hipoacusia, causada pela obstrução parcial ou total do conduto, otites externas recorrentes e também impactação de cerume de difícil remoção. CONCLUSÃO: A conduta nos casos apresentados foi cirúrgica, com boa evolução, não ocorrendo recidivas.

  5. Resection of frontal ethmoid sinus osteomas with nasal endoscopy%鼻内镜下额筛窦骨瘤切除术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云川; 张罗; 周兵; 韩德民

    2009-01-01

    目的:评价额筛窦骨瘤鼻内镜径路切除术的效果.方法:18 例额筛窦骨瘤患者中,位于额窦者8例,筛窦者6例,起源于筛窦突入额窦者4例, 骨瘤大小为1 cm×1 cm×1 cm~1.5 cm×3.0 cm×4.0 cm,单纯采用鼻内镜径路切除17例,鼻内镜联合鼻外径路切除1例.结果:全部患者均完整切除肿瘤,无脑脊液鼻漏和眶筋膜损伤等并发症.术后随访6个月~3年,术前症状消失,未见复发.结论:对于额筛窦骨瘤,通过鼻内镜必要时结合眉弓切口外径路手术能够完整切除,并能够保护颅底、额窦后壁以及眶纸板等重要结构免受损伤.%Objective:To evaluate the effect of resection of frontal ethmoid sinus osteomas with nasal endosco-py. Method: Eighteen cases of frontal ethmoid sinus osteoma from 2005 to 2008 were enrolled in our study, including 8 cases of frontal sinus osteomas, 6 cases of ethmoid osteomas and 4 cases of frontal sinus osteomas extending to ethmoid sinus. Seventeen cases were treated by an endoscopic approach alone, and one case treated by a combined endoscopic and an external approach. Result: All cases were resected completely without complications. The preoperative symptoms disappeared without recurrence within the follow-up periods , ranging from 6 months to 3 years. Conclusion: Most frontal ethmoid sinus osteomas can be resected with nasal endoscopy aided by extra nasal incision in some cases.

  6. Bilateral congenital choanal atresia and osteoma of ethmoid sinus with supernumerary nostril: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xue-zhong

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Congenital choanal atresia is a relatively rare deformity, especially bilateral congenital choanal atresia. We report a case of bilateral congenital choanal atresia in a 22-year-old Chinese man, who was also diagnosed with congenital right accessory nasal deformity, osteoma of his left ethmoid sinus and congenital keratoleukoma of his right eye. Case presentation A 22-year-old Chinese man presented with mouth breathing, sleep snoring and difficult feeding after birth, with no olfactory sensation. Three-dimensional computed tomography revealed bilateral choanal atresia and a high density bony shadow in his left ethmoid sinus that extended to his left frontal sinus. Conclusions Choanal atresia is often accompanied by other congenital abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of choanal atresia accompanied by congenital accessory nasal deformity and congenital keratoleukoma.

  7. Aspectos neurocirúrgicos dos osteomas fronto-etmoidais: relato de 6 casos e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgililo Novaes

    1977-09-01

    Full Text Available São relatados seis casos de osteomas fronto-etmoidais que provocaram complicações intracranianas ou orbitárias. Os casos são divididos em dois grupos, dependendo dos sintomas observados, desde deformações cranio-faciais e exoftalmo até complicações mais graves como rinorréas, meningites, pneumocéfalos e mucoceles. Uma revisão da literatura mostra a importância destas lesões na patologia neurocirúrgica como causa de meningites recidivantes, rinorréas espontâneas e pneumocéfalos não traumáticos. Uma análise crítica das técnicas cirúrgicas propostas mostra que, por meio de craniotomia frontal, é possível obter resultado bom, tanto estético como funcional.

  8. 眼眶骨瘤的手术技巧和疗效分析%Analysis of the results of surgical management of orbital osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖利华; 杨新吉; 王毅; 鲁小中; 魏红; 黑砚

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨眼眶骨瘤的手术技巧和疗效.方法 系列病例研究.回顾性分析19例眼眶骨瘤患者的临床资料,患者的诊断均经手术和病理检查结果证实.结果 骨瘤位于眶内侧10例,眶顶4例,眶外侧5例.手术入路为前路开眶8例,外侧开眶7例,内侧开眶2例,鼻侧切开2例.完全切除病变12例,大部分切除7例.结论 眼眶骨瘤临床诊断容易,但手术治疗困难,选择合适的手术入路、娴熟的手术技巧,可避免术中和术后合并症的出现.%Objective To analyze the results and skill of surgical management of orbital osteoma retrospectively. Methods It was a retrospective case series. Nineteen cases of orbital osteoma (the diagnosis was confirmed by surgical and pathological studies) were analyzed retrospectively in the present study. Results The location of orbital osteoma was as following: 10 cases in medial wall of the orbit,4 cases in orbital roof and 5 cases in lateral wall of the orbit. Surgical approaches included anterior orbitotomy (8 cases), lateral orbitotomy (7 cases), and medial orbitotomy (2 cases). Complete resection was performed in 12 cases,while partial resection was done in 7 cases. Conclusions Orbital osteoma is easy to diagnosis but difficult in surgical treatment. Appropriate surgical approach and skilled surgical technique are able to reduce the surgical complications.

  9. Primary multiple miliary osteoma cutis: a case report%原发性多发性粟粒样皮肤骨瘤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉; 宋联进; 杨扬; 李廷慧; 马慧军

    2013-01-01

    A case of primary multiple miliary osteoma cutis is reported. A 25-year-old female presented with a 5 year history of light-yellow papules in zonal distribution on her parietal scalp. The lesions gradually increased in number and spread to the forehead and lower eyelids. Histopathological study of biopsy showed multiple ossification and calcification foci as well as osteocytes in the dermis. The diagnosis of primary multiple military, osteoma cutis was made. The differential diagnosis includes comedones, sebaceous nevus, plaque-like osteomas cutis and cutaneous calcinosis.%报告1例头部原发性多发性粟粒样皮肤骨瘤.患者女,25岁.因发现右头顶出现呈带状分布的淡黄色丘疹,进行性增多并延及额部和下眼睑 5年来诊.皮损组织病理检查可见真皮内多个骨化伴钙化灶,可见骨细胞.结合皮疹特点诊断为原发性多发性粟粒样皮肤骨瘤.该病临床需要与粉刺、皮脂腺痣、斑块状皮肤骨瘤、皮肤钙质沉着症相鉴别.

  10. Clinical study of 26 patients with osteoma in the external%26例外耳道骨瘤患者临床特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志; 王汝娜; 孙永柱; 吴文丽; 仲莉梅

    2012-01-01

    ObjectivesTo summarize the experience of diagnosis and treatment on osteoma in the external auditory canal. Method: Retrospective study were undertaken in 26 patients with osteoma in the external auditory canal operated in authors unit. Result: Osteomas were removed through intrauricular approach in all patients and confirmed by histopathological examination. The hearing of 22 patients with conductive hearing loss became normal after operaion. The air conduction hearing threshold in 2 patients with mixed hearing loss improved average 15 dB and 20 dB respectively after operaion. The follow up was more than 1 year, and no recurrence or complications had occurred. Conclusion:Osteoma in the external auditory canal is an uncommon benign lesion. The method of choice in diagnosis is temporal bone CT scan. Ostroma must be distinguished from exostosis in the external auditory canal. Osteoma is confirmed by pathological diagnosis and surgery is the only method for treatment.%目的:总结外耳道骨瘤的诊治经验.方法:回顾性分析行手术治疗的26例外耳道骨瘤患者的临床资料.结果:患者均行手术切除肿物,病理学诊断均为骨瘤.22例术前传导性听力下降者听力恢复正常,2例术前混合性听力下降者气导听力分别平均提高15、20 dB.随访1年以上未见复发及并发症发生.结论:外耳道骨瘤是一种少见的良性肿瘤,诊断可以借助颞骨CT扫描;需与外耳道骨疣鉴别,确诊依靠病理检查;手术是外耳道骨瘤的惟一治疗方法.

  11. 影像导航辅助鼻内镜下筛窦骨瘤切除术%Endoscopic removal of ethmoid osteomas under navigation guidance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋西成; 陈丽艳; 张庆泉; 孙岩; 王强; 张华; 陈秀梅; 王艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the minimally-invasive ablation of osteomas of the ethmoid sinuses endonasally.Methods A retrospective analysis was done in 19 patients (15 male,4 female,aged between 14 - 67,medium 37) diagnosed as osteomas of ethmoid sinuses hospitalized from April 2005 to Ocotober 2009.All patients underwent sixteen-detector row computed tomography scan and 3D reconstruction preoperatively.All underwent operation with the help of navigation system and nasal endoscope.Results The ethmoid osteoma in all 19 patients was removed successfully with endoscope and navigation system.Two open procedures(1 through superciliary arch incision and 1 through labiogingival incision) were performed to assist the removal of the tumor,17 tumors were removed under endoscopic and navigation guidance. In 5 patients whose osteoma was localized or with the diameter no more than 2 cm,these osteomas were removed endonasally with the help of navigation system.The osteomas in 2 patients was found to have narrow basilar part and relatively dissociative were removed from oral cavity after abscising the basilar part.The osteomas in 12 patients were found to have basilar part connected with ante-meso skull base,lamina papyracea,orbital apex,cranalis opticus,fossa orbitalis bone,these osteomas were removed using electric drill with the guidance of navigation system.All patients were followed up from 8 to 64 months,and were asymptomatic (1 patient who suffered from ambiopia had the sysmptom disappered,2 patients suffered from prosopo-eminencce,1 patient was asymptomatic and 1 patient was feeling better).Two patients underwent removal of crista galli,1 of them suffered from postoperative cerebro-spinal rhinorrhea,and recovered after endoscopic repairing procedure and iodoform gauze packing and recovered 15 days later.Two patients who underwent removal of crista galli suffered from anodmia and never recovered after 9 and 26 months follow-up.One patient with enormous osteoma suffered from

  12. Chondrosarcoma in Childhood: The Radiologic and Clinical Conundrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    internal matrix. The differential included a simple bone cyst, intraosseous lipoma, enchondroma or sequestrae from infection or osteoid osteoma...sensitive extension of the radiographic findings. CT accurately defines the intraosseous portion of the tumor, better detects subtle tumor matrix

  13. Mid-Anterior Tibial Stress Fracture in a Female Elite Athlete : A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netzer, Patricia A M

    2007-02-01

    We report the case of an unusual tibial stress fracture and its successful surgical treatment in a female elite sprinter 2 years after complete consolidation of the same tibia following resection of an osteoid osteoma.

  14. Ocupación y abundancia de aves rapaces nocturnas (Strigidae en la Reserva de la Biosfera Selva El Ocote, Chiapas, México Occupancy and abundance of nocturnal raptors (Strigidae in the Selva El Ocote Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerenciano Rivera-Rivera

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Evaluar la proporción de sitios ocupados explica la distribución espacial de los individuos dentro de una comunidad y es importante para desarrollar estrategias de conservación. En este estudio se evalúan los patrones de ocupación y abundancia de 5 especies de aves rapaces nocturnas en 2 sitios con diferentes niveles de heterogeneidad (estructura y composición del paisaje en la Reserva de la Biosfera Selva El Ocote. Se utilizaron puntos de conteo y provocación auditiva para estimar índices de ocupación y abundancia y modelos lineales generalizados para determinar las posibles relaciones entre los índices estimados y los atributos estructurales del hábitat. La variación espacial de los patrones de ocupación y abundancia se explica por la estructura del hábitat (i.e., altura de árboles, área basal, distancia con asentamientos humanos y áreas abiertas a escala local, y por la heterogeneidad (2 o más tipos de coberturas en el paisaje. Dado que se encontraron relaciones especie-específicas con los atributos del bosque tropical perennifolio, es recomendable promover el manejo diversificado y sustentable del paisaje que favorezca la presencia de áreas extensas con cobertura forestal y por lo tanto la persistencia de especies amenazadas asociadas al interior del bosque.Evaluation of occupancy explains the spatial distribution of species in the community and is important to develop conservation strategies. We evaluated occupancy and abundance patterns of nocturnal raptors in 2 sites with different level of heterogeneity (landscape structure and composition in the Selva El Ocote Biosphere Reserve. Through point counts and owl playback callings we estimate occupancy and abundance patterns. We explored possible relationships between patterns of recorded species and structural habitat attributes using generalized linear models. Occupancy and abundance spatial variation was explained by structural habitat characteristics (i.e., tree height

  15. Analysis of individualized operation for osteoma orbitalis%眼眶骨瘤的术式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高宇; 高占国; 刘立民; 任明玉

    2016-01-01

    目的 分析眼眶骨瘤的手术入路方式及切除方法的个体化应用.方法 回顾性分析2005年1月至2015年3月在河北省眼科医院经手术治疗的眼眶骨瘤患者共计16例,主要分析该类患者手术入路方式的选择、切除方法及术中注意的问题与对策.结果 16例眼眶骨瘤中,右眶10例,左眶6例;男性9例,女性7例;年龄13~67岁,平均43岁.前路开眶经肿瘤基底部眶缘皮肤切口12例,外侧开眶1例,下穹窿及鼻侧结膜切口3例.9例肿瘤完全切除,7例部分或大部分切除.结论 眼眶骨瘤的手术入路方式和术中切除方法应个体化综合考虑,以期达到最合理的手术方法和最好的手术效果.%Objective To analyze individual application of the surgical approach and resection methods of osteoma orbitalis.Methods Retrospectively analyzed 16 cases of osteoma orbitalis patients whom treated in Hebei Eye Hospital from January 2005 to March 2015,main outcome measures were surgical approach,resection methods and the problems were paid attention to in operation and its strategy.Results Among the 16 cases patients,10 cases of lesions located in right orbit,6 cases in left orbit;9 cases were male,7 cases were female,ages ranged from 13 years to 67 years,and mean ages were 43 years.Twelve cases were underwent anterior orbitotomy and the place of skin incision near the basal of tumor,1 case underwent lateral orbitotomy,3 cases incised through fronix conjunctiva or nasal conjunctiva.Nine cases of tumor were removed completely while 7 cases removed partially.Conclusions The surgical approach and resection methods should be individualized during operation so that it can obtain better surgical methods and better outcome.

  16. Study on Pattern Recognition Method of Osteoma Based on Genetic Algorithm%基于遗传算法的骨肿瘤分类方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余鹏; 吴朝霞; 马林; 王波; 程敬之

    2001-01-01

    为了更好地利用骨肿瘤分形参数集对骨肿瘤进行模式判别,将基于连续变量的遗传算法和相应的交叉与变异算子应用于骨肿瘤的模式分类中.针对该算法在实验中出现的振荡及不收敛问题,相应采用了自适应技术加以改进.通过对比改进前后遗传算法的精度和速度,证明了改进后的自适应遗传算法稳健性能好,运算速度快.利用该算法,可根据分形参数模式集对骨肿瘤进行有效的分类,达到了预期的目标.%In order to classify the pathological characteristics of osteoma more accurately and correctly by using the combined fractal parameters, the genetic algorithm based on continuous variables was applied to the pattern classification of osteoma and the relevant crossover and mutation methods were employed too. According to the shortcomings of the initial algorithm, it is improved by adaptive method. By comparing the performance of two algorithms, it is proved that the adaptive genetic algorithm based on continuos variables is more robust and faster. Using this algorithm, osteomas can be effectively classified by the fractal parameters as expected.

  17. Collagen osteoid-like model allows kinetic gene expression studies of non-collagenous proteins in relation with mineral development to understand bone biomineralization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvent, Jérémie; Nassif, Nadine; Helary, Christophe; Azaïs, Thierry; Sire, Jean-Yves; Guille, Marie Madeleine Giraud

    2013-01-01

    Among persisting questions on bone calcification, a major one is the link between protein expression and mineral deposition. A cell culture system is here proposed opening new integrative studies on biomineralization, improving our knowledge on the role played by non-collagenous proteins in bone. This experimental in vitro model consisted in human primary osteoblasts cultured for 60 days at the surface of a 3D collagen scaffold mimicking an osteoid matrix. Various techniques were used to analyze the results at the cellular and molecular level (adhesion and viability tests, histology and electron microscopy, RT- and qPCR) and to characterize the mineral phase (histological staining, EDX, ATG, SAED and RMN). On long term cultures human bone cells seeded on the osteoid-like matrix displayed a clear osteoblast phenotype as revealed by the osteoblast-like morphology, expression of specific protein such as alkaline phosphatase and expression of eight genes classically considered as osteoblast markers, including BGLAP, COL1A1, and BMP2. Von Kossa and alizarine red allowed us to identify divalent calcium ions at the surface of the matrix, EDX revealed the correct Ca/P ratio, and SAED showed the apatite crystal diffraction pattern. In addition RMN led to the conclusion that contaminant phases were absent and that the hydration state of the mineral was similar to fresh bone. A temporal correlation was established between quantified gene expression of DMP1 and IBSP, and the presence of hydroxyapatite, confirming the contribution of these proteins to the mineralization process. In parallel a difference was observed in the expression pattern of SPP1 and BGLAP, which questioned their attributed role in the literature. The present model opens new experimental possibilities to study spatio-temporal relations between bone cells, dense collagen scaffolds, NCPs and hydroxyapatite mineral deposition. It also emphasizes the importance of high collagen density environment in bone cell

  18. 筛窦骨瘤(附7例报告)%Ethmoid sinus osteoma(Report of 7 cases)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳梅; 吴江; 王袁园

    2000-01-01

    7 cases of ethmoid sinus osteoma were reported. There were 5 males and 2 females. 7 cases were examed by X-ray, 6 cases by CT and 1 case by MRI. All the 7 cases appeared high density shadow in ethmoid sinus. Pathological examination result showed that 4 cases were compact forms, 1 case was spongy form and 2 cases were mixed forms. All the 7 cases were cured by operation. 3 cases were cut off by the supraorbiten geisoma,3 cases had the hormetive lateral rhinotomy and 1 case was cut off inside the cranium. The pathology, diagnosis and treatment were discussed as well.%报告7例筛窦骨瘤,男5例,女2例,7例行X线检查,6例行CT检查,1例行MRI检查,均为筛窦内高密度阴影,病理检查4例为坚质型骨瘤,1例为松质型,2例混合型,7例病人均行手术治疗,3例经眶上眉弓切口切除,3例行经典鼻侧切开术,1例经颅内途径切除。并对本病的病因、病理、诊断与治疗进行了讨论

  19. Spectral domain-optical coherence tomography analysis of choroid osteoma%脉络膜骨瘤的频域光相干断层扫描观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛康; 钱江; 张勇进; 黄欣; 黎蕾

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察脉络膜骨瘤的频域光相干断层扫描(OCT)图像特征以及与视力的关联.方法 回顾分析临床确诊脉络膜骨瘤的14例18只眼的频域OCT检查资料.所有患者均接受视力、直接和(或)间接检眼镜、裂隙灯显微镜联合前置镜检查、荧光素眼底血管造影、B型超声和(或)CT检查后确诊.频域OCT检查时,所有患眼通过黄斑中心凹的水平和垂直扫描以及瘤体的最大横径和垂直径扫描共4条扫描线进行扫描.对视网膜细微结构及脉络膜瘤体形态进行观察,观察黄斑区视网膜结构变化和脉络膜骨瘤的频域OCT图像特征,分析脉络膜骨瘤的频域OCT图像特征与视力的相互关系.结果 6只患眼肿瘤病灶表现为强反射,占33.3%;5只患眼肿瘤病灶表现为中反射,占27.8%;3只患眼肿瘤病灶表现为弱反射,占16.7%;4只患眼肿瘤病灶表现为混合反射,占22.2%.患眼黄斑中心凹神经上皮厚度为50.2~245.1 μm,平均中心凹神经上皮厚度为(130.2±58.3)μm.肿瘤横径为5.6~15.8 mm,平均横径为(7.8±2.9) mm;垂直径为4.6~12.8 mm,平均垂直径为(6.5±2.5) mm.肿瘤的横径、垂直径、黄斑中心凹神经上皮厚度与视力无相关性(r=0.262、0.229、0.137,P=0.284、0.294、0.362).是否累及黄斑中心凹、光感受器内外节连接(IS/OS)的完整性与视力相关(r=-3.838、-4.559,P=0.001 5、0.000 3).是否合并脉络膜新生血管(CNV)及浆液性视网膜脱离与视力无相关性(r=-0.144、0.411,P=0.684、0.687).结论 脉络膜骨瘤病灶的频域OCT图像可表现为强、中、弱及混合反射,以强、中反射为主.肿瘤的横径、垂直径、中心凹神经上皮厚度、是否合并CNV及浆液性视网膜脱离与视力无相关性,是否累及中心凹、IS/OS的完整性和视力相关.%Objective To observe the image characteristics of eyes with choroidal osteoma using enhanced spectral domain optical Cirrus coherence tomography (SD

  20. 罕见筛窦并眶内巨大骨瘤的临床治疗%The treatment and exploration of rare giant ethmoid sinus osteoma patient with orbital extension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉华; 涂博; 李辉

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨筛窦并眶内骨瘤手术进路的选择,分析各种手术的方法和特点,以提高对该病的认识和诊治水平。方法:报告1例罕见的筛窦并眶内巨大骨瘤患者的临床资料,结合文献对筛窦骨瘤治疗方法进行探讨。结果:本病例在鼻内镜下经鼻入路彻底切除瘤体,术程顺利,病理证实为骨瘤。术后患者恢复良好,视力同前,眼球运动正常,无眶筋膜损伤,无眶内血肿,无眼球内陷,无复视,无溢泪,无脑脊液鼻漏,无鼻塞等并发症。结论:鼻窦骨瘤少见,直径>30 mm 或质量>110 g 的突入眶内的巨大骨瘤尤为罕见。随着鼻内镜技术的不断进步和成熟,经鼻入路鼻内镜下筛窦骨瘤的切除术成为首选的手术方式。%Aim:To investigate the different surgical approach choices for treating ethmoid sinus and orbital osteoma as well as summarize the management and characteristics of each surgical operation in or-der to improve the recognition in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.Methods:The clinical re-cord of a patient detected giant ethmoid sinus osteoma with orbital extension was reported,and the rele-vant literature was reviewed to analyze the treatment of this disease.Results:The lesion was complete re-moved by a purely endoscopic approach without any damage to neighour structures.Postoperative patholo-gy showed that the tumor was osteoma.The patient recovered well and no significant complications were observed after surgery,such as cerebrospinal fuild (CSF)leakage,diplopia,hypopsia and so on.Con-clusion:Paranasal sinus osteomas are uncommon.An osteoma with a diameter >30 mm or weighing >110 g is considered a giant osteoma which is very rare.It is generally agreed that surgery is the main treatment.

  1. Secreción pulsátil diurna y nocturna de hormona del crecimiento en ovejas prepúberes con y sin restricción alimentaria Diurnal and nocturnal pulsatile growth hormone secretion in ewe lambs with and without food restriction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.E. RECABARREN

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudios sobre las características de la secreción pulsátil ultradiana de GH en la borrega en crecimiento son escasos, y en particular, respecto de posibles diferencias entre la secreción diurna y nocturna, y si la restricción alimentaria es capaz de modificar los patrones de secreción pulsátil. En el presente estudio se comparó la frecuencia y la amplitud de pulsos de hormona del crecimiento (GH diurnos y nocturnos durante el desarrollo prepuberal de borregas Suffolk con y sin restricción alimentaria Para ello, se realizaron estudios de pulsatilidad de GH a las 20, 26 y 30 semanas de edad, en borregas sometidas a restricción alimentaria (GR por 5, 11 y 15 semanas. Borregas de la misma edad sirvieron de control (GC. El estudio de pulsatilidad de GH se repitió en las borregas GR luego de 2 semanas de realimentación. El estudio de pulsatilidad de GH consistió en la colección de muestras de sangre desde la vena yugular cada 10 min por seis horas desde las 08:00 h para la determinación de la pulsatilidad diurna y desde las 20:00 h para la pulsatilidad nocturna. La definición de las características de la secreción pulsátil de GH se obtuvo con el programa CLUSTER. La concentración promedio (ng/ml, la amplitud de pulsos (ng/ml y la frecuencia de pulsos (nº de pulsos/6h diurna fue similar a la nocturna tanto en las borregas GC como en las borregas GR, en las 3 edades estudiadas. Aunque los parámetros de secreción diurnos y nocturnos fueron iguales entre sí en cada grupo, la concentración promedio diurna y nocturna del grupo GR fue siempre mayor (p The aim of the study was to characterise and to compare diurnal (D and nocturnal (N GH secretion in normal growing and in food-restricted Suffolk ewe lambs. Pulsatile GH secretion was studied in 6, 20, 26 and 30 week-old lambs (group GC and in six other lambs of the same age, after 5, 11 and 15 weeks of food restriction (group GR. At the end of the food restriction period, GR lambs

  2. 冠状入路切除巨大眼眶骨瘤1例并67例文献复习%Transcranial approach with a coronal incision for orbit osteomas: Case report and literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施宇华; 夏元; 关建; 苏开明

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the surgical management and clinical characters of patients with orbital osteomas.Methods We reported a case with a large orbit osteoma removed via a transcranial approach with a coronal incision.We also performed a Pubmed search and reviewed all studies published from 2003 to 2013 on orbit osteomas from a minimal cohort of 3 patients Results 6 studies,including 67 patients,were reviewed.Among all the cases,the frontal sinus was the most common location for osteoma,followed by ethmoid sinus.Total resection were performed in 55 cases (82.1%),while partial resection in were achieved in 12 patients (17.9%),Different tumor sizes,locations,and different surgeons yielded different surgical methods,such as transcranial approache,endoscopic removal,transorbital approaches,and so on.Conclusion Surgical choice depends on the tumor size,location,and the experience of the surgeon.Transcranial approach is to be indicated if a large or deep osteoma locates in the orbit where it's difficult or impossible to expose by a conventional orbitotomy.%目的 探讨眼眶骨瘤的临床特征及其手术方法.方法 报道冠状入路经颅切除的巨大眼眶骨瘤1例病历资料,并通过Pubmed检索近10年中相关眼眶骨瘤的文献,查找病例数在3例及以上的非动物试验文献,进行汇总报告.结果 共6篇67例眼眶骨瘤文献入选,眼眶骨瘤最多源于额窦和筛窦骨瘤,其中全切55例(82.1%),部分切除12例(17.9%),手术方法包括经颅、经眶以及鼻内镜手术等.结论 眼眶骨瘤的手术路径需要综合考虑肿瘤的大小、位置,冠状切口经颅入路适用于眼眶内深在或者较大的肿瘤.

  3. CD13在骨瘤及骨肉瘤中的表达及意义%Expression and significance of CD13 in osteoma and osteosarcoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文革; 杨朝晖; 刘清高; 鄢含坤

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression and significance of CD13 in osteoma and osteosarcoma.Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression of CD13 in 20 cases of benign osteoma and 56 cases of osteosarcoma.reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactionn (RT-PCR) method was used to examine the level of CD13 mRNA in 20 cases of osteosarcoma and corresponding adjacent tissue,and the relationship between expression of CD13 and clinicopathological parameters was evaluated.Results Immunohistochemistry showed the positive rate of CD13 protein in benign osteoma and osteosarcoma tissues was 64.3% and 10.0% respectively (P < 0.05).CD13 protein in osteosarcoma tissues of phase Ⅲ and phase Ⅰ-Ⅱ was 90.0% and 58.9% respectively (P < 0.05).The CD13 protein expression was not correlated with age,sex,tumor location,and tumor size (P > 0.05).RT-PCR results showed CD13 mRNA expression level was significantly higher in sarcoma than that in the adjacent tissue (P <0.05).Conclusion CD13 is obviously correlated with the occurrence and progression of osteosarcoma.%目的 观察CD13在骨瘤及骨肉瘤中的表达及意义.方法 免疫组织化学法检测20例良性骨瘤及56例骨肉瘤组织中CD13蛋白的表达,逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测CD13mRNA在20例骨肉瘤及相应肉瘤旁组织中的表达,分析CD13表达与临床病理参数的关系.结果 免疫组织化学结果显示CD13蛋白在良性骨瘤及骨肉瘤组织中的阳性表达率分别为64.3%、10.0%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).CD13蛋白在Ⅲ期及Ⅰ~Ⅱ期骨肉瘤组织中的阳性表达率分别为90.0%、58.9%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),而与患者的年龄、性别、肿瘤发生部位、肿瘤大小无明显相关(P>0.05).RT-PCR结果显示CD13 mRNA在肉瘤中的表达明显高于肉瘤旁组织(P<0.05).结论 CD13的表达与骨肉瘤发生及进展明显相关.

  4. Influencia de los turnos de trabajo y las guardias nocturnas en la aparición del Síndrome de Burnout en médicos y enfermeras Influence of shift work and night shifts in the onset of the Burnout Syndrome in doctors and nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambar Deschamps Perdomo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La sociedad actual que funciona 24 horas al día, obliga a las organizaciones y en consecuencia a sus empleados a someterse a horarios de trabajo que van en contra del ritmo natural de la vida. El horario por turno y las guardias, fuera de las horas normales del día, es un tema que cobra importancia, ya que son muchas las implicaciones que esto trae como consecuencia en la salud física y mental de quienes lo realizan. Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia científica existente la influencia de los turnos de trabajo y las guardias nocturnas en la aparición del síndrome de Burnout en médicos y enfermeras. Método: Varias bases de datos han sido analizadas (Medline, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane, con descriptores específicos y según criterios de inclusión se ha obtenido la bibliografía. Resultados: Se localizaron 40 artículos. De los cuales, 16 (40% corresponden a estudios en enfermeras y 24 (60% sobre médicos, principalmente médicos en formación. Parece existir una relación de la influencia de los turnos de trabajo y las guardias nocturnas con la aparición del síndrome de Burnout, en médicos y enfermeras. Conclusión: La identificación de los factores de riesgo psicosocial a los que pueden estar expuestos los médicos permitirá adoptar medidas preventivas, que pueden ser útiles para mejorar la salud y la calidad de vida de este colectivo profesional.Society today works 24 hours a day, forcing organizations and their employees to submit work schedules that go against the natural rhythm of life. Shift work and night work, is an issue that is becoming important, as there are important consequences in physical and mental health of those who work this way. Objective: Analyze the existing scientific evidence of the influence of shift work and night shifts in the onset of burnout syndrome among physicians and nurses. Method: Several databases have been reviewed (Medline, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane, with specific descriptors and bibliography has

  5. Radiofrequency ablation of a misdiagnosed Brodie’s abscess

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, RS; Abdullah, BJJ; Aik, S; Tok, CH

    2011-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is recognised as a safe and effective treatment option for osteoid osteoma. This case report describes a 27-year-old man who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous RFA for a femoral osteoid osteoma, which was diagnosed based on his clinical presentation and CT findings. The patient developed worsening symptoms complicated by osteomyelitis after the procedure. His clinical progression and subsequent MRI findings had led to a revised diagnosis of a Brodie’s abscess, which was further supported by the eventual resolution of his symptoms following a combination of antibiotics treatment and surgical irrigations. This case report illustrates the unusual MRI features of osteomyelitis mimicking soft tissue tumours following RFA of a misdiagnosed Brodie’s abscess and highlights the importance of a confirmatory histopathological diagnosis for an osteoid osteoma prior to treatment. PMID:22291860

  6. Radiofrequency ablation of a misdiagnosed Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Rs; Abdullah, Bjj; Aik, S; Tok, Ch

    2011-04-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is recognised as a safe and effective treatment option for osteoid osteoma. This case report describes a 27-year-old man who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous RFA for a femoral osteoid osteoma, which was diagnosed based on his clinical presentation and CT findings. The patient developed worsening symptoms complicated by osteomyelitis after the procedure. His clinical progression and subsequent MRI findings had led to a revised diagnosis of a Brodie's abscess, which was further supported by the eventual resolution of his symptoms following a combination of antibiotics treatment and surgical irrigations. This case report illustrates the unusual MRI features of osteomyelitis mimicking soft tissue tumours following RFA of a misdiagnosed Brodie's abscess and highlights the importance of a confirmatory histopathological diagnosis for an osteoid osteoma prior to treatment.

  7. Comparative analysis of choroidal osteoma fundus angiography using indocyanine green and fluorescein%脉络膜骨瘤吲哚青绿与荧光素眼底血管造影对比观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张苑苑; 刘志强; 闫素霞; 杨荣; 苑志峰; 张胜娟; 李成泉; 吕丽娜; 郭自元

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the manifestations of choroidal osteoma between ICGA and FFA,to understand the different manifestations of choroidal osteoma and neovascularization secondary to choroidal osteoma and to deepen the awareness of the disease.Methods Retrospective analysis of 13 cases (16 eyes) diagnosed with choroidal osteoma using ICGA and FFA from 2006 to 2012.Results FFA showed punctate fluorescence in the lesion in 16 eyes before choroidal background fluorescence appeared.Plexiform vascular was appeared in 10 eyes and showed diffuse intense fluorescence gradually with the retinal arteriovenous filling,in which six eyes showed strong fluorescence associated with neovascular in lesions and four eyes showed strong fluorescence accompanied by hemorrhage.ICGA not only could show the plexiform vascular as FFA founded in early stage but also show spiderweb-like blood vessels.Spiderweb-like blood vessels had some similarities with neovascularization,but it was not associated with bleeding or serous edema.Conclusions ICGA can show spiderweb-like blood vessels except for plexiform vascular that FFA showed.ICGA confirm the connection between the plexiform vascular that FFA observed and spiderweb-like blood vessels that ICGA observed.Both are osteoma inherent vascular.Leakage caused by the two kinds of blood vessels is similar to leakage caused by the neovascularization secondary to osteoma,but they are essentially different.%目的 探讨脉络膜骨瘤的吲哚青绿血管造影(indocyanine green angiography,ICGA)与荧光素眼底血管造影(fundus fluorescein angiography,FFA)的表现,加深认识,深入了解脉络膜骨瘤继发新生血管与骨瘤丛状血管的表现.方法 回顾分析2006年4月至2012年12月在邢台市眼科医院已确诊为脉络膜骨瘤13例16只眼的ICGA与FFA表现.结果 FFA在脉络膜背景荧光显现前病变区16只眼均出现了斑点状荧光,7只眼并可见到骨瘤丛状血管的出现,随着视网膜动静脉的充

  8. Verteporfin therapy for subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation associated with choroidal osteoma%维替泊芬治疗脉络膜骨瘤伴发的中心凹下脉络膜新生血管

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nazimul Hussain; Taraprasad Das

    2005-01-01

    · AIM: To report a case of verteporfin therapy for subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation associated with choroidal osteoma.· METHODS: A 32-year-old patient was diagnosed as subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) associated with choroidal osteoma in the right eye, with present visual acuity (VA) of 20/80; N24. He underwent 2 sessions of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the right eye for 12mo.· RESULTS: At the end of 12mo, the patient's VA was 20/200 with complete regression of the CNV.· CONCLUSION: PDT could be a treatment option in subfoveal CNV associated with choroidal osteoma.%目的:报道维替泊芬治疗脉络膜骨瘤伴发的中心凹下脉络膜新生血管(CNV)1例.方法:介入式个案报道结果:1例患者,32岁,确诊为右眼脉络膜骨瘤伴发性中心凹下脉络膜新生血管.治疗前视力20/80,N24.该患者右眼接受2次光动力治疗(PDT),治疗后1 2mo视力为20/200,CNV完全消退.结论:对于脉络膜骨瘤伴发的中心凹下脉络膜新生血管,PDT不失为一种治疗选择.

  9. Scintigraphy of spinal disorders in adolescents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandell, G.A. (Dept. of Medical Imaging, Alfred I. duPont Inst., Wilmington, DE (United States)); Harcke, H.T. (Dept. of Medical Imaging, Alfred I. duPont Inst., Wilmington, DE (United States))

    1993-08-01

    Bone scintigraphy in adolescents is useful in helping to differentiate between developmental (atypical lumbar Scheuermann disease), infectious (discitis, osteomyelitis), neoplastic (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), and traumatic (occult fractures, spondylolysis, pseudoarthrosis) disease of the spine. Double-phase (blood pool, delayed images) scintigraphy can characterize the pattern (i.e., linear in fracture, ovoid in nidus of osteoid osteoma). Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be helpful in detecting the subtle presence of stress reaction (spondylolyses) not noted on routine planar scintigraphy and radiography. Bone scintigraphy is most beneficial when correlated with other imaging modalities in refining the diagnosis of spinal diseases. (orig.)

  10. Inferencias para la reflexión sobre la calidad de la educación superior nocturna en ingeniería en Colombia Inferências para a reflexão sobre a qualidade da educação superior noturna em engenharia na Colômbia Inferences for Reflection on the Quality of University Night School in Engineering in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Yecid Buitrago-Suescún

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se analiza el grado de conocimiento del concepto de crédito académico por parte de los estudiantes de ingeniería en las jornadas diurna y nocturna, la forma en que este se utiliza para planear el manejo del tiempo, y su incidencia en la calidad de la formación. Se realizaron encuestas a estudiantes de Ingeniería Industrial de diferentes universidades de Bogotá en las jornadas diurna y nocturna. Se propusieron las correspondientes pruebas de hipótesis estadísticas sobre los parámetros poblacionales de interés en cada una de las jornadas, y se decidió con una significancia del 10%. Los resultados muestran que para los estudiantes de las jornadas nocturnas no es posible cumplir con el tiempo de estudio extraclase determinado por el número de créditos que matriculan. Se proponen alternativas de solución, sin detrimento de la calidad de la educación.Neste estudo, analisa-se o grau de conhecimento do conceito de crédito acadêmico por parte dos estudantes de engenharia nos períodos diurno e noturno, a forma na qual este se utiliza para planejar o manejo do tempo e sua incidência na qualidade da formação. Realizaram-se pesquisas com estudantes de Engenharia Industrial de diferentes universidades de Bogotá nos períodos diurno e noturno. Propuseram-se as correspondentes provas de hipótese estatística sobre os parâmetros populacionais de interesse em cada um dos períodos e decidiu-se com uma significância de 10%. Os resultados mostram que, para os estudantes do período noturno, não é possível cumprir com o tempo de estudo extra-aula determinado pelo número de créditos que matriculam. Propõem-se alternativas de solução, sem detrimento da qualidade da educação.The extent of what engineering students in daytime and evening classes know about the concept of academic credit, the way it is used in time management planning, and its influence on the quality of education are analyzed in this study. Industrial

  11. 慢性鼻窦炎鼻内镜手术中额筛区骨瘤的处理%Surgical strategy for osteoma during endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛文彤; 李云川; 倪鑫

    2013-01-01

    Objective To realize the characteristics of occurrence and distribution of osteoma found in patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) due to chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP/CRSsNP),and to discuss the surgical strategy for this tumor.Methods Clinical data of 520 adult patients undergoing ESS due to CRSwNP/CRSsNP from Nov.2006 to Jan.2010 was analyzed retrospectively.The clinical data included the occurrence and location of osteoma,involvement of lamina papyracea/anterior skull base,surgical strategy for the tumor,surgical complications and so on.Results Osteoma was found in 26 of the 520 cases.The occurrence rate was 5% (26/520 cases),with the size of0.4 cm×0.4 cm ×0.4 cm to 1.5 cm ×1.5 cm× 3.0 cm.Most of them were isolated (23/26) and located in frontal sinus (13 cases) or anterior ethmoid sinus (11 cases).Involvement of anterior skull base and orbital wall was respctively found in 7 and 4 cases.Of all the 26 patients,20 cases were treated with complete endoscopic resection,2 with partial endoscopic resection,and 7 without any intervention.All patients had neither immediate nor long-term postoperative orbit/skull base complications.Conclusions Osteoma is not uncommon in CRSwNP/CRSsNP patients undergoing ESS.This tumor is usually isolated without apparent symptoms and occasionally found in sinus CT.Anterior ethmoid sinus and frontal sinus are most frequently involved.Complete endoscopic resection of the tumor can be achieved in most cases.Under the premise of ensuring sufficient drainage,partial endoscopic resection or nonintervention of the tumor is also acceptable.%目的 了解因慢性鼻-鼻窦炎伴/不伴鼻息肉(chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps,CRSwNP/CRSsNP)接受ESS的患者中骨瘤的发病情况、分布特点,讨论其术中处理原则.方法 回顾分析2006年11月~2010年1月因CRSwNP/CRSsNP接受ESS的520例患者中26例患者合并骨瘤的发病情况、术中

  12. The socio-demografic characteristics of enuresis nocturna in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhan Ci and #775;men

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fournier's gangrene (FG is a rapidly progressive, destructive, necrotizing fasciitis of the perianal, perineal, and genital regions. Common clinical symptoms include sudden intense pain in the scrotum, prostration, fever, and pallor. In this study, the aim was to assess FG through a wider lens. Methods: 60 patients that presented with FG at the authors' hospital over a 6-year period between April 2008 and March 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Age, gender, site of gangrene, risk factors, symptoms, microbiology, treatment modalities, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index score (FGSI, and mortality data were evaluated. Results: 60 male patients with a mean age of 55 (ranging between 48-62 were included in the study. 50 patients survived and the mortality rate was 16.6%. Septic shock (n: 4, cardiogenic shock (n:4, and pneumonia (n:2 were the official causes of death. As a risk factor, 45 (75% patients had diabetes mellitus (DM, 40 (66.6% had hypertension (HT, and 35 (58.3% had both DM and HT. There were no other co-morbidities in the 10 (16.6% remaining patients. All the surviving 50 patients were suitable for surgical reconstruction. A split thickness skin grafting procedure was performed for 46 (76.6% patients and flap reconstruction was performed for 4 (6.6%. None of the patients had hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO. The mean length of hospitalization was 16 days (ranging from 5-58 for all patients. A mean FGSI score at admission was 5.02 +/- 2.45 for survivors compared with 13.8 +/- 4.53 for non-survivors. A mean FGSI score was 4.56 +/- 2.28 for survivors and 11.50 +/- 2.63 for non-survivors during hospitalization. Conclusion: Although FG has a high mortality rate, appropriate management of the disease can reduce it. Early diagnosis, surgical debridement, vacuum-assisted closure application, and antibiotherapy are essentials for treating FG. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2016; 5(3.000: 134-137

  13. La Nocturna : estudio de la eleccion educativa en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas Herrera, Ximena

    2007-01-01

    Este estudio utiliza información de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida realizada en Colombia durante 2003 para examinar si el estrato de servicio eléctrico (como proxy del estrato socioeconómico) predice la decisión del tipo de institución y sesión escolar al que asisten los estudiantes. En el modelo de elección por tipo de institución, universidades privadas vs públicas, encuentro que conforme aumenta el estrato del servicio eléctrico, disminuye la probabilidad marginal de registro en una univer...

  14. La nocturna study of educational choice in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas Herrera, Ximena

    2007-01-01

    This study uses data from Colombia’s 2003 Encuesta de Calidad de Vida to examine how well do electricity strata (proxy for socioeconomic status) explain the choice decision for type of institution and session attended. In the model of choice by type - private vs. public universities – I find that as the electricity strata increases, the marginal probability of enrolling in a public university decreases up to stratum five after which the decreasing trend reverts. In the case of session attenda...

  15. La Nocturna : estudio de la eleccion educativa en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas Herrera, Ximena

    2007-01-01

    Este estudio utiliza información de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida realizada en Colombia durante 2003 para examinar si el estrato de servicio eléctrico (como proxy del estrato socioeconómico) predice la decisión del tipo de institución y sesión escolar al que asisten los estudiantes. En el modelo de elección por tipo de institución, universidades privadas vs públicas, encuentro que conforme aumenta el estrato del servicio eléctrico, disminuye la probabilidad marginal de registro en una univer...

  16. La nocturna study of educational choice in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas Herrera, Ximena

    2007-01-01

    This study uses data from Colombia’s 2003 Encuesta de Calidad de Vida to examine how well do electricity strata (proxy for socioeconomic status) explain the choice decision for type of institution and session attended. In the model of choice by type - private vs. public universities – I find that as the electricity strata increases, the marginal probability of enrolling in a public university decreases up to stratum five after which the decreasing trend reverts. In the case of session attenda...

  17. Novos rumos para o ensino médio noturno: como e por que fazer? Nuevos rumbos para la enseñanza media nocturna: ¿cómo y porqué hacerla? New avenues for evening high school classes: why and how?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Rodrigues Gonçalves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se refere à necessidade de se propiciar um canal de reflexão, discussão e ação junto aos professores que atuam no ensino médio noturno e, conseqüentemente, promover a melhoria de um ensino, que há muito tempo é apenas um simulacro. Para tal, apresentamos alguns resultados da investigação iniciada em dezembro de 2003 no Colégio Estadual Presidente Kennedy, em Belford Roxo - Baixada Fluminense/RJ, entre alunos e professores, equipe técnica e gestores. Queremos evidenciar a complexidade do processo de mudança, pois representa um desafio. Não se muda por decreto ou querência deste ou daquele grupo. Mudança é processo e sendo assim, exige um árduo trabalho de desconstrução e reconstrução a que os atores desse processo terão que se dedicar com competência, contínua e pacientemente. Não se trata apenas de mudar, mas de inovar.Este artículo se refiere a la necesidad de propiciarse un canal de reflexión, discusión y acción junto a los profesores que actúan en la enseñanza media nocturna y, consecuentemente, promover la mejora de una enseñanza, que hace mucho tiempo es apenas un simulacro. Para tal, presentamos algunos resultados de la investigación iniciada en diciembre de 2003 en el Colegio Estadual Presidente Kennedy, en la ciudad de Belford Roxo, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, entre alumnos y profesores, equipo técnico y gestores. Queremos evidenciar la complejidad del proceso de cambios, pues representa un desafío. No se cambia por decreto o deseo de este o de aquel grupo. El cambio es un proceso y, por eso, exige un arduo trabajo de destrucción y reconstrucción al cual los actores de ese proceso tendrán que dedicarse con competencia, continua y pacientemente. No se trata apenas de cambiar, sino de innovar.This article is about the need to provide a channel of reflexion, discussion, and action with high school evening class teachers, and consequently, promote a teaching improvement. For the past few

  18. Composición, riqueza de especies y abundancia de insectos defoliadores de actividad nocturna asociados a Aristotelia chilensis (maqui en el bosque maulino fragmentado Composition, species richness and abundance of nocturnal folivorous insects associated with Aristotelia chilensis (maqui in the fragmented Maulino forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XAVIERA DE LA VEGA

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En el bosque maulino, la herbivoría sobre Aristotelia chilensis (maqui es negativamente afectada por la fragmentación del bosque, siendo mayor en el bosque continuo que en los fragmentos, particularmente a inicios de la temporada de crecimiento. Este fenómeno puede deberse a cambios en la dinámica de las poblaciones de defoliadores, esencialmente insectos. En este trabajo se evaluó la abundancia, riqueza de especies y composición de insectos defoliadores de actividad nocturna presentes en A. chilensis en un bosque continuo (600 ha y en ocho fragmentos remanentes (0,4-20 ha. Los muéstreos se realizaron mensualmente, entre agosto de 2005 y febrero de 2006, en 32 ejemplares adultos de A. chilensis en el bosque continuo y en 32 ejemplares en los fragmentos. Los insectos fueron muestreados durante las cinco primeras horas de la noche. Se recolectaron 890 insectos defoliadores, pertenecientes a 17 familias y 77 especies pertenecientes a los órdenes Coleóptera, Orthoptera y Lepidoptera, siendo todas nativas. La abundancia total no varió según el habitat. Sin embargo, la fragmentación incrementó o disminuyó la abundancia de algunas especies. La riqueza de especies por árbol tampoco fue afectada por la fragmentación del bosque, aunque el número total de especies fue considerablemente mayor en los fragmentos que en el bosque continuo. La similitud de especies fue mayor dentro del bosque continuo que entre el bosque continuo y los fragmentos o que entre los fragmentos. A principios de la temporada de crecimiento de A. chilensis (septiembre, la abundancia de Sericoides obesa fue significativamente mayor en el bosque continuo que en los fragmentos. Al avanzar en la temporada, Sericoides viridis se hizo más abundante en los fragmentos. Por el tamaño y la voracidad de los insectos del género Sericoides ellos serían los principales responsables de los patrones de defoliación de A. chilensis en el bosque maulino.At the Maulino forest

  19. Foreign Body Granuloma: A Diagnosis Not to Forget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. El Bouchti

    2012-01-01

    The differential diagnosis for bony reaction to an unrecognised organic foreign body includes osteoid osteoma, chronic and acute osteomyelitis, tuberculosis granuloma, bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, cortical fibrous defect, and neoplasm. We report the case of a boy suffering from a thorn inducing a lytic lesion of the fifth metatarsal that demonstrates the diagnosis difficulties of foreign body granuloma.

  20. CONDENSING OSTEITIS OF THE CLAVICLE - MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-IMAGING AS AN ADJUNCT METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIAL-DIAGNOSIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VIERBOOM, MAC; STEINBERG, JDJ; MOOYAART, EL; VANRIJSWIJK, MH

    1992-01-01

    Condensing osteitis of the clavicle is a benign disorder leading to osteosclerosis of the medial end of the clavicle. The differential diagnosis between condensing osteitis of the clavicle and ischaemic necrosis of the medial clavicular epiphysis (Friedrich's disease), osteoid osteoma, and low grade

  1. Percutaneous CT-guided interventional procedures in musculoskeletal system (our experience)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thanos, Loukas E-mail: loutharad@yahoo.com; Mylona, Sophia; Kalioras, Vasilios; Pomoni, Maria; Batakis, Nikolaos

    2004-06-01

    Percutaneous interventional procedures include a broad spectrum of minimal invasive techniques, which are a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool. In this study we present our experience in CT-guided percutaneous musculoskeletal biopsies, drainages of musculoskeletal abscesses, facet and sacroiliac joint injection and radiofrequency thermal ablation of painful metastases or osteoid osteomas.

  2. Osteoidt osteom i phalanx distalis af en førstefinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonntag, Jesper; Engelund, Dorte

    2014-01-01

    We present a rare case of osteoid osteoma in the distal phalanx of the thumb. Symptoms had started seven months prior with pain and swelling and later progressed to enlargement of the nail. The patient lacked the classic symptoms of nocturnal pain and relief from NSAID. The ostoid osteoma was loc...... was located in relation to the physis and was on the initial X-rays believed to be normal closure of the physis. MRI showed abnormality but the CT scan gave the right diagnosis and was used to plan en-bloc surgery....

  3. Ribbing disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukkada Philson

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ribbing disease is a rare sclerosing dysplasia that involves long tubular bones, especially the tibia and femur. It occurs after puberty and is reported to be more common in women. In this article we describe how Ribbing disease can be differentiated from diseases like Engelmann-Camurati disease, van Buchem disease, Erdheim-Chester disease, osteoid osteoma, chronic osteomyelitis, stress fracture, etc.

  4. Correlation of Gab2 and IRX2 expression with cell growth and migration behavior in osteosarcoma tissues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue-Jun Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the correlation of Gab2 and IRX2 expression with cell growth and migration behavior in osteosarcoma tissues.Methods:A total of 29 cases of osteosarcoma tissues and 22 cases of osteoid osteoma tissues surgically removed in our hospital between May 2012 and December 2015 were selected as the test specimens, RNA was extracted to determine the mRNA expression ofGab2 andIRX2 as well as cell growth- and migration-related genes, and protein was extracted to determine the protein expression of Gab2 and IRX2 as well as cell growth- and migration-related genes.Results:Gab2 and IRX2 mRNA content and protein content in osteosarcoma tissues were significantly higher than those in osteoid osteoma tissues; TAp73, Beclin1 and Caspase-1 mRNA content and protein content in osteosarcoma tissues were significantly lower than those in osteoid osteoma tissues and negatively correlated with Gab2 and IRX2 mRNA content and protein content while STMN1 and Survivin mRNA content and protein content were significantly higher than those in osteoid osteoma tissues and positively correlated with Gab2, IRX2, CEACAM6, CD44v6 and MMP-9 mRNA content and protein content.Conclusions:Highly expressed Gab2 and IRX2 in osteosarcoma tissue can inhibit the expression of proto-oncogenes and increase the expression of proliferation and migration genes to promote the cell growth and migration in osteosarcoma tissue.

  5. Bone tumors of the spine and sacral bone; Primaere Tumoren der Wirbelsaeule und des Sakrums

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freyschmidt, Juergen [Klinikum Bremen-Mitte gGmbH, Bremen (Germany). Beratungsstelle und Referenzzentrum fuer Osteoradiologie

    2010-12-15

    Bone tumors and tumorlike lesions of the spine are rare entities and may harbour diagnostic problems. In this article we discuss the epidemiology, topographic aspects, clinical and radiologic features as well as the diagnostic management of vertebral bone tumors. Entities that should be more familiar to the radiologist (i.e. osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, hemangioma, giant cell tumor, chordoma, aneurysmal bone cyst) are considered in more detail. (orig.)

  6. 骨样骨瘤影像学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗庆纲

    2010-01-01

    @@ 骨样骨瘤(Osteoid osteoma)是一种比较少见的特殊类型的骨肿瘤,由成骨性结缔组织及其形成的骨样组织所构成,故称为骨样骨瘤.笔者对骨样骨瘤患者的影像和病理进行分析,以提高对本病的认识和诊断.

  7. Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmberger, Thomas K.; Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten

    The typical clinical signs in bone tumours are pain, destruction and destabilization, immobilization, neurologic deficits, and finally functional impairment. Primary malignant bone tumours are a rare entity, accounting for about 0.2% of all malignancies. Also benign primary bone tumours are in total rare and mostly asymptomatic. The most common symptomatic benign bone tumour is osteoid osteoma with an incidence of 1:2000.

  8. Osteoma of the skull base and sinuses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Georgalas; J. Goudakos; W.J. Fokkens

    2011-01-01

    Osteomata of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses have traditionally been surgically removed via external approaches. However, endoscopic techniques have increasingly been used for the surgical management of selected cases. Advances in visualization and instrumentation, as well as the excellent access pr

  9. 影像导航鼻内镜系统在鼻内翻性乳头状瘤和鼻窦骨瘤中的应用%The application of an image guidance endoscopic system for nasal inverted papilloma and sinus osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠万; 高明华; 李朝军; 李劲松; 方红雁

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析采用影像导航进行鼻内翻性乳头状瘤、鼻窦骨瘤鼻内镜手术与传统鼻内镜手术的疗效。方法73例鼻腔内翻性乳头状瘤、鼻窦骨瘤患者被分成导航组与非导航组,导航组采用影像导航下鼻内镜手术,非导航组采用传统鼻内镜手术。分析两组患者的手术时间、麻醉时间、术中出血量、并发症及术后疗效情况。结果导航组与非导航组患者麻醉时间比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),手术时间、术中出血量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。鼻腔内翻性乳头状瘤导航组与非导航组Ⅰ、Ⅱ级复发率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而在Ⅲ、Ⅳ级中复发率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。鼻窦骨瘤中非导航组有1例复发,导航组未见复发病例。鼻腔内翻性乳头状瘤中导航组与非导航组鼻内并发症比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),Ⅰ、Ⅱ级鼻内并发症导航组与非导航组的发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而在Ⅲ、Ⅳ级鼻内并发症的发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。在鼻窦骨瘤中导航组与非导航组鼻内并发症比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对于鼻窦骨瘤及Ⅲ、Ⅳ级鼻腔内翻性乳头状瘤,影像导航下鼻内镜手术优于传统鼻内镜手术,特别在术前评价和确保手术中的安全性方面起到了有价值的辅助作用,使得肿瘤切除更彻底,复发率更低。%Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of image guided navigation system (IGNS) and traditional methods for nasal inverted papilloma and sinus osteoma .Methods 73 cases of nasal inverted papilloma and sinus osteoma patients were divided into the navigation group and the non-navigation group ,the navigation group was given image guidance endoscopic sinus surgery ,the non-navigation group was given

  10. Utility of Voiding Dysfunction Symptom Score in Diagnosis and Treatment of Enuresis Nocturna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılören Tanıdır

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the voiding dysfunction symptom score (VDSS in evaluation of children with nocturnal enuresis. Materials and Methods: Four hundred children with nocturnal enuresis were included in the study. They were evaluated with VDSS, physical examination, urinalysis and 2-day voiding diary. All children with nocturnal enuresis symptoms were treated with desmopressin and/or urotherapy. However, children with overactive bladder symptoms were also treated with anticholinergics. Treatment success and change in VDSS were compared and assessed between different treatment methods. Results: Two hundred forty-five children (61.25% were male and 155 (38.75% were female. The mean age was 7.6±3.0 years (range: 5-18. The mean VDSS was 9.2±6.3. 35% of children with nocturnal enuresis had concomitant daytime symptoms. 126 children (31.5% had a VDSS of nine or above and majority of these children were treated with anticholinergic therapy. VDSS questionnaire could not help determine treatment success in children with non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. However, children treated with urotherapy and desmopressine showed significant difference in VDSSs according to their treatment response. Conclusion: VDSS has shown to decrease after treatment in children with mono-symptomatic nocturnal enuresis. The treatment strategies should be checked and modified if VDSS does not decrease after proper therapy as this would increase the success of treatment.

  11. Cartografías de la ciudad nocturna a través del Big Data

    OpenAIRE

    Santamaria Varas, Mar; Martínez Díez, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    La visualización de datos se ha convertido en una herramienta clave para el pensamiento y el diseño urbano utilizada para explicar las relaciones que se establecen entre los ciudadanos y su entorno. Nuestro objetivo es explorar el potencial de las técnicas de representación mediante el desarrollo de cartografías digitales que nos permitan asignar geometría al Big Data urbano. A través del proyecto atNight, que utiliza el análisis y la visualización de datos para establecer ...

  12. Diagnóstico participativo sobre consumo de alcohol en adolescentes escolarizados de una secundaria nocturna

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Jiménez Vallejo; Isabel Valadez Figueroa

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es el promover un proceso participativo en un grupo de adolescentes escolarizados, para caracterizar las circunstancias a nivel individual y grupal, que los lleva a consumir alcohol. Investigación participativa. Se trabajaron dos etapas: 1) conocimiento de la comunidad, 2) el diagnostico participativo con la herramienta del autodiagnóstico, basado en dos ejes: el por qué y para qué toman alcohol los adolescentes. Utilizamos además: 1) técnica de exposiciones gráfic...

  13. Elena Poniatowska y la polifonía nocturna de Tlatelolco.

    OpenAIRE

    Cervera Salinas, Vicente

    2009-01-01

    La crónica de Elena Poniatowska ha sido el inicio de su escritura testimonial. El análisis de La Noche de Tlatelolco implica coincidencias singulares con la política activa llevada a cabo por la escritora y resume la situación mexicana en un momento de represión estatal. El simbolismo de la plaza de Tlatelolco se remonta a los tiempos del virreinato, otorgándole un valor añadido. El diálogo entre los distintos tiempos y los textos que surgen de los acontecimientos como los de Octavio Paz y...

  14. Vivencias nocturnas: los antros jarochos a la luz de la comunicación

    OpenAIRE

    Genaro Aguirre Aguilar

    2004-01-01

    Durante los últimos años, los estudios en comunicación han vivido una transformación en el desarrollo de sus objetos de estudios, donde los nuevos ejes temáticos en mucho han dejado de ser sólo mediáticos. Igual, otros temas y novedosas perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas han pasado a convertir a la comunicación en un intenso programa estratégico para el abordaje de las diversas realidades y características de las sociedades contemporáneas. El trabajo que pr...

  15. 对比传统鼻镜手术与影像导航下鼻镜手术对鼻窦骨瘤患者疗效及预后影响的差异%Comparison of the effects and prognostic differences of traditional nasal endoscopic operation and image navigation under nasal endoscopic operation on patients with sinus osteoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查潇逸

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨传统鼻镜手术与影像导航下鼻镜手术对鼻窦骨瘤患者疗效及预后影响的差异.方法 选取59例鼻窦骨瘤患者为研究对象,根据其入院就诊次序分成影像导航组(A组,n =30)和传统手术组(B组,n =29).A组予以传统鼻镜手术方案,B组在影像导航下行鼻镜手术.比对两组患者术程、术中出血量、总住院时间等治疗指标的差异,行为期2年的随访,记录其复发及并发症发生情况.结果 ①两组患者术中出血量及术后住院时间等指标比较差异未见统计学意义(P>0.05);A组手术时间为(81.5±7.0) min,长于B组[(61.9±6.2) min],差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);②在为期2年的随访中,A组无复发病例,B组额窦复发2例,筛窦复发4例,复发率为20.7%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);A组术后相关并发症发生率为10.0%,与B组的41.4%比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 对鼻窦骨瘤患者予以影像导航下鼻镜手术疗效确切,值得临床推广.%Objective To investigate the effect and prognostic differences of traditional nasal endoscopic operation and image navigation under nasal endoscopic operation on patients with sinus osteoma.Methods Fifty-nine cases with nasal sinus osteoma patients as the research object, according to the hospital admission sequence were divided into image navigation group(group A, n =30) and conventional operation group(group B, n =29).Group A was treated by traditional nasal endoscopic operation scheme, group B was treated by nasal endoscopic operation image navigation.The differences of bleeding volume at preoperative, intraoperative, the length of hospital stay and other indexed of patients in two groups were compared, followed-up for 2 years, recorded its recurrence and complications.Results ① The difference of amount of bleeding at intraoperative and hospital time after surgery and other indicators of two groups had no significant difference (P >0

  16. Magnetic resonance imaging of pseudomalignant osseous tumor of the hand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehara, Shigeru [Center for Radiological Sciences, Iwate Medical Univ. School of Medicine, Morioka (Japan); Nishida, Jun [Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwate Medical Univ. School of Medicine, Morioka (Japan); Abe, Masataka [Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwate Medical Univ. School of Medicine, Morioka (Japan); Mizutani, Hirokazu [Dept. of Radiology, Nagoya City Univ. School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan); Ohba, Satoru [Dept. of Radiology, Nagoya City Univ. School of Medicine, Nagoya (Japan)

    1994-10-01

    Noninfectious, nonneoplastic reactive processes of the hand, such as myositis ossificans circumscripta, pseudomalignant osseous tumor of soft tissue, and florid reactive periostitis, appear similar radiologically and histologically and are often difficult to differentiate. Magnetic resonance (MR) findings in two such lesions are reported. The extensive reactive change in the extraosseous soft tissue and the bone marrow and the relatively small extent of ossification may be characteristic. Although low-grade infection and small osseous neoplasms with reactive changes, such as osteoid osteoma, may still remain possible causes, MR imaging provides essential evidence for including noninfective, nonneoplastic reactive processes of uncertain cause in the list of differential diagnoses. (orig.)

  17. Benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions: value of cross-sectional imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woertler, Klaus [Department of Radiology, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munich (Germany)

    2003-08-01

    This article reviews the role of CT and MR imaging in the diagnosis of benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions of bone with with regard to differential diagnosis, the assessment of tumor-related complications, and the detection of postoperative recurrence. Indications for cross-sectional imaging of specific lesions, including osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, enchondroma, osteochondroma, intraosseous lipoma, hemangioma, giant cell tumor, aneurysmal bone cyst, simple bone cyst, and eosinophilic granuloma, are discussed, and advantages and disadvantages of the different imaging modalities are illustrated on the basis of pathologically confirmed cases. (orig.)

  18. Periosteal osteoblastoma of the distal femur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakatani, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Tetsuji; Akisue, Toshihiro; Marui, Takashi; Hitora, Toshiaki; Kawamoto, Teruya; Nagira, Keiko; Yoshiya, Shinichi; Kurosaka, Masahiro [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe (Japan); Fujita, Ikuo; Matsumoto, Keiji [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo Medical Center for Adults, Akashi, Hyogo (Japan)

    2004-02-01

    Osteoblastomas located on the surface of the cortical bone, so-called periosteal osteoblastomas, are extremely rare. We report on a case of periosteal osteoblastoma arising from the posterior surface of the right distal femur in a 17-year-old man. Roentgenographic, computed tomographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and histologic features of the case are presented. Periosteal osteoblastoma should be radiologically and histologically differentiated from myositis ossificans, avulsive cortical irregularity syndrome, osteoid osteoma, parosteal osteosarcoma, periosteal osteosarcoma, and high-grade surface osteosarcoma. Although periosteal osteoblastoma is rare, this tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis of surface-type bone tumors. (orig.)

  19. Bone scintigraphy; Scintigraphie osseuse de l'appareil locomoteur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moyen, B.; Chouteau, J. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Lyon-Sud, 69 - Pierre-Benite (France)

    2003-11-01

    Bone scintigraphy permit to detect the active osteoblastic sites. This technic is widely used in orthopaedic surgery either in adult or children. In Traumatology fatigue fractures are early diagnosed. This is also the case for reflex sympathetic dystrophy and bone necrosis. This technic is used for Paget disease, and articular inflammatory process. For bone tumors some specific aspects are recognized like for osteoid osteoma, malignant bone tumors and secondary bone tumors. In case of septic articular prosthesis the couple use of bone scintigraphy and marked polynuclear appear very useful. (author)

  20. 基层医院骨样骨瘤的X线平片诊断价值浅析附14例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建中

    2009-01-01

    <正>骨样骨瘤(Osteoid osteoma)为一种比较常见的良性骨肿瘤,是由成骨性结缔组织及其形成的骨样组织所形成。表现典型的骨样骨瘤X线平片诊断明确,但有时因病灶小、病变部位特殊,X线表现多种多样,部分病例常规X线诊断较为困难。本文

  1. Computer-based vertebral tumor cryoablation planning and procedure simulation involving two cases using MRI-visible 3D printing and advanced visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guenette, Jeffrey P.; Himes, Nathan; Giannopoulos, Andreas A.; Kelil, Tatiana; Mitsouras, Dimitris; Lee, Thomas C.

    2016-01-01

    We report the development and use of MRI-compatible and MRI-visible 3D printed models in conjunction with advanced visualization software models to plan and simulate safe access routes to achieve a theoretical zone of cryoablation for percutaneous image-guided treatment of a C7 pedicle osteoid osteoma and an L1 lamina osteoblastoma. Both models altered procedural planning and patient care. Patient-specific MRI-visible models can be helpful in planning complex percutaneous image-guided cryoablation procedures. PMID:27505064

  2. Primary vertebral tumours in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozlowski, K.; Beluffi, G.; Masel, J.; Diard, F.; Ferrari-Ciboldi, F.; Le Dosseur, P.; Labatut, J.

    1984-03-01

    20 cases of primary benign and malignant bone tumours in children were reported. The most common tumours were Ewing's sarcoma, aneurismal bone cyst, benign osteoblastoma and osteoid osteoma. Some rare primary bone tumours in children (osteochondroma, chondroblastoma 6F, primary lymphoma of bone and neurofibromatosis with unusual cervical spinal changes) were also reported. The authors believe that radiographic findings together with clinical history and clinical examination may yield a high percentage of accurate diagnoses. Although microscopy is essential in the final diagnosis, the microscopic report should be also accepted with caution.

  3. Solitary lucent epiphyseal lesions in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gardner, D.J.; Azouz, E.M.

    1988-10-01

    We evaluated retrospectively the varying radiographic appearances of 15 solitary lucent epiphyseal lesions occurring in children. Imaging modalities used included plain films, conventional tomography, nuclear scintigraphy, and computed tomography. 40% of the lesions (6) were due to osteomyelitis. The remaining lesions included tuberculosis (1), foreign body granuloma (1), chondroblastoma (2), chondromyoxid fibroma (1), enchondroma (1), osteoid osteoma (2), and eosinophilic granuloma (1). Although the radiographic appearances of such lesions may be particularly characteristic, pathologic correlation is frequently necessary. The high incidence of osteomyelitis in our cases emphasizes its importance as a cause for a lucent epiphyseal lesion.

  4. Imaging tumors of the patella

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casadei, R., E-mail: roberto.casadei@ior.it [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Kreshak, J., E-mail: j.kreshak@yahoo.com [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Rinaldi, R. [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Rimondi, E., E-mail: eugenio.rimondi@ior.it [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Bianchi, G., E-mail: giuseppe.bianchi@ior.it [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Alberghini, M., E-mail: marco.alberghini@ior.it [Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Ruggieri, P. [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Vanel, D., E-mail: daniel.vanel@ior.it [Department of Radiology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Department of Pathology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy)

    2013-12-01

    Background: Patellar tumors are rare; only a few series have been described in the literature and radiographic diagnosis can be challenging. We reviewed all patellar tumors at one institution and reviewed the literature. Materials and methods: In an evaluation of the database at one institution from 1916 to 2009, 23,000 bone tumors were found. Of these, 41 involved the patella. All had imaging studies and microscopic diagnostic confirmation. All medical records, imaging studies, and pathology were reviewed. Results: There were 15 females and 26 males, ranging from 8 to 68 years old (average 30). There were 30 benign tumors; eight giant cell tumors, eight chondroblastomas, seven osteoid osteomas, two aneurysmal bone cysts, two ganglions, one each of chondroma, exostosis, and hemangioma. There were 11 malignant tumors: five hemangioendotheliomas, three metastases, one lymphoma, one plasmacytoma, and one angiosarcoma. Conclusion: Patellar tumors are rare and usually benign. As the patella is an apophysis, the most frequent lesions are giant cell tumor in the adult and chondroblastoma in children. Osteoid osteomas were frequent in our series and easily diagnosed. Metastases are the most frequent malignant diagnoses in the literature; in our series malignant vascular tumors were more common. These lesions are often easily analyzed on radiographs. CT and MR define better the cortex, soft tissue extension, and fluid levels. This study presents the imaging patterns of the more common patellar tumors in order to help the radiologist when confronted with a lesion in this location.

  5. Experiencias Alucinatorias Nocturnas: Relación con la Esquizotipia, Tendencias Disociativas y Propensidad a la Fantasía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Parra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Sobre una muestra de 650 estudiantes universitarios, 24% varones y 76% mujeres, se administraron seis escalas; cuatro para medir la intensidad de experiencias perceptuales y dos escalas de personalidad. Los resultados mostraron que los individuos con experiencias puntuaron significativamente alto en relación a absorción (r = .48, p < .001, a dos colas, disociación (r = .46, p < .001, a dos colas, esquizotipia cognitivo-perceptual (r = .44, p < .001, a dos colas, propensidad a fantasear (r = .42, p < .001, a dos colas, y neuroticismo (r = .20, p = .001, a dos colas. Se puede concluir que estas diferencias reflejan la facilidad con que una persona puede atravesar estados de consciencia que permiten el pasaje entre eln estado de vigilia y el mundo de fantasía.

  6. Experiencias Alucinatorias Nocturnas: Relación con la Esquizotipia, Tendencias Disociativas y Propensidad a la Fantasía

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Parra

    2009-01-01

    Sobre una muestra de 650 estudiantes universitarios, 24% varones y 76% mujeres, se administraron seis escalas; cuatro para medir la intensidad de experiencias perceptuales y dos escalas de personalidad. Los resultados mostraron que los individuos con experiencias puntuaron significativamente alto en relación a absorción (r = .48, p < .001, a dos colas), disociación (r = .46, p < .001, a dos colas), esquizotipia cognitivo-perceptual (r = .44, p < .001, a dos colas), propensidad a fantasear (r ...

  7. Osteogenic tumour in Australopithecus sediba: Earliest hominin evidence for neoplastic disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick S. Randolph-Quinney

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We describe the earliest evidence for neoplastic disease in the hominin lineage. This is reported from the type specimen of the extinct hominin Australopithecus sediba from Malapa, South Africa, dated to 1.98 million years ago. The affected individual was male and developmentally equivalent to a human child of 12 to 13 years of age. A penetrating lytic lesion affected the sixth thoracic vertebra. The lesion was macroscopically evaluated and internally imaged through phase-contrast X-ray synchrotron microtomography. A comprehensive differential diagnosis was undertaken based on gross- and micro-morphology of the lesion, leading to a probable diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. These neoplasms are solitary, benign, osteoid and bone-forming tumours, formed from well-vascularised connective tissue within which there is active production of osteoid and woven bone. Tumours of any kind are rare in archaeological populations, and are all but unknown in the hominin record, highlighting the importance of this discovery. The presence of this disease at Malapa predates the earliest evidence of malignant neoplasia in the hominin fossil record by perhaps 200 000 years.

  8. Síndrome de Gardner Gardner´s syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Quintana Díaz

    2012-09-01

    of Artemisa. The clinical case of a male patient aged 20 years, who went to the maxillofacial service on account of increased volume of the facial area in three sites. The X-rays showed radiopaque images characteristic of osteomas whereas rectosigmoidoscopy revealed intestinal polyps. The osteomas were surgically removed under general anesthesia including condylectomy on the left side. The histological-pathological diagnosis was osteoid osteoma. One year after the surgical procedure, the clinical exam showed esthetic and functional recovery and the radiographies disclosed good bone regeneration in the mandibular angle where the biggest osteoma was found. The patient has recovered very satisfactorily, with excellent oral opening.

  9. Tumour and tumour-like lesions of the patella - a multicentre experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, J.; James, S.L.; Davies, A.M. [The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Radiology, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Kroon, H.M. [Leiden University Medical Centre, Department of Radiology, C-2-S, P. O Box 9600, Leiden (Netherlands); Woertler, K. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Department of Radiology, Munich (Germany); Anderson, S.E. [Knochentumor- Referenzzentrum der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fuer Pathologie, Basel (Switzerland)

    2009-03-15

    Fifty-nine cases of lesions presenting in the patella were identified after review of the databases of four European bone tumour registries. Of the 59 cases, 46% were non neoplastic, 39% were benign and 15% were malignant. The commonest benign neoplasm was giant cell tumour (GCT) (11 cases). Younger patients were more likely to have a benign neoplasm. Lesions in patients less than 40 years of age included giant cell tumour, chondroblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC), osteomyelitis, osteoid osteoma and solitary bone cyst. In patients older than 40 years, the following were common lesions: intra-osseous gout, metastasis and intra-osseous ganglion. Expansion of the patella with thinning of cortex was seen more commonly in GCT and brown tumour in hyperparathyroidism. There was associated soft tissue extension in gout and malignant lesions. (orig.)

  10. Bone marrow oedema associated with benign and malignant bone tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, S.L.J. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, B31 2AP (United Kingdom)], E-mail: steven.james@roh.nhs.uk; Panicek, D.M. [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021 (United States); Davies, A.M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, B31 2AP (United Kingdom)

    2008-07-15

    Bone marrow oedema is associated with a wide variety of pathological processes including both benign and malignant bone tumours. This imaging finding in relation to intraosseous tumours can aid in providing a more focused differential diagnosis. In this review, we will discuss the MR imaging of bone marrow oedema surrounding intraosseous neoplasms. The different pulse sequences used in differentiating underlying tumour from surrounding oedema are discussed along with the role of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI. Benign lesions commonly associated with bone marrow oedema include osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, chondroblastoma and Langerhan's cell histiocytosis. Metastases and malignant primary bone tumours such as osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma and chondrosarcoma may also be surrounded by bone marrow oedema. The imaging findings of these conditions are reviewed and illustrated. Finally, the importance of bone marrow oedema in assessment of post chemotherapeutic response is addressed.

  11. Primary bone tumors of the spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañete, A Navas; Bloem, H L; Kroon, H M

    2016-04-01

    Primary bone tumors of the spine are less common than metastases or multiple myeloma. Based on the patient's age and the radiologic pattern and topography of the tumor, a very approximate differential diagnosis can be established for an osseous vertebral lesion. This article shows the radiologic manifestations of the principal primary bone tumors of the spine from a practical point of view, based on our personal experience and a review of the literature. If bone metastases, multiple myeloma, lymphomas, hemangiomas, and enostoses are excluded, only eight types of tumors account for 80% of all vertebral tumors. These are chordomas, osteoblastomas, chondrosarcomas, giant-cell tumors, osteoid osteomas, Ewing's sarcomas, osteosarcomas, and aneurysmal bone cysts.

  12. Intraosseous Ganglion Cyst of Scaphoid: An Uncommon Cause of Radial Wrist Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salunke, Abhijeet Ashok; Singh, Saranjeet; Kanani, Himanshu; Chokshi, Jimmy; Nambi, G I; Raval, Pradyumna; Vala, Pathik; Jain, Shantanu; Chaudhari, Sanjay; Patel, Amit; Panchal, Ramesh

    2016-02-01

    Intraosseous ganglion cyst is a rare bone tumor and the lesion could often be missed. The diagnosis could be delayed so proper radiologic investigation and index of suspicion is necessary .Differential diagnoses of painful cystic radiolucent carpal lesion are osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma and intraosseous ganglion. Curettage of the scaphoid lesion and filling of void with bone graft provides good functional outcomes. The cyst contains mucoid viscous material without epithelial or synovial lining. We present a case of 30 years old male with intraosseous ganglion cyst of scaphoid which was treated with curettage and bone grafting. Rarely ganglion cyst is found in small bones of hand and should be considered as differential diagnosis of chronic radial wrist pain.

  13. CT evaluation of primary epiphyseal bone abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azouz, E.M. (Dept. of Radiology, McGill Univ., Montreal Children' s Hospital, PQ (Canada)); Greenspan, A. (Dept. of Radiology, California Univ., Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)); Marton, D. (Dept. of Radiology, Montreal Univ., Hopital Ste Justine, PQ (Canada))

    1993-01-01

    We reviewed the clinical, radiographic, and computed tomographic (CT) findings in eight children with a histologically proven diagnosis of epiphyseal or apophyseal osteomyelitis. In all cases the femur was involved: in five the osteomyelitis was localized in the femoral condyle, in two it was in the greater trochanter, and in one it was in the femoral head epiphysis. In four of the six cases of epiphyseal involvement there was associated joint effusion or septic arthritis. CT examination may demonstrate a serpentine tract, a sequestrum, cortical destruction or adjacent soft tissue swelling and can differentiate osteomyelitis from other epiphyseal lucent lesions, particularly chondroblastoma and osteoid osteoma. Early diagnosis helps avoid delays in initiating antibiotic or surgical treatment caused by the unusual (epiphyseal or apophyseal) location of the bone abscess. (orig./GD)

  14. Subperiosteal leiomyosarcoma of the tibia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narvaez, J.A. [Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Department of Radiology, Barcelona (Spain); Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Department of MR Imaging, Institut de Diagnostic per la Imatge, Barcelona (Spain); Lama, E. De; Ortega, R. [Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Department of Radiology, Barcelona (Spain); Portabella, F. [Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Barcelona (Spain); Condom, E. [Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Department of Pathology, Barcelona (Spain)

    2005-01-01

    Primary leiomyosarcoma of bone is a rare malignant tumor of smooth muscle. We report a case of low-grade subperiosteal primary bone leiomyosarcoma in the tibial diaphysis, which radiologically appeared to be osteoid osteoma. A 35-year-old man presented with a several-year history of a palpable hard nodule in the distal left leg, which had enlarged and become painful over the previous 2 years. Radiographs showed solid periosteal reaction with a well-defined lytic lesion in the posteromedial cortical border of the left tibial diaphysis. Computed tomography demonstrated a small, well-defined lytic lesion, not calcified, in a subperiosteal location, surrounded by solid periosteal bone formation. The lesion was excised en bloc and the histological diagnosis of a low-grade leiomyosarcoma was made. To the best of our knowledge, the surface location of primary bone leiomyosarcoma has not been previously described in the literature. (orig.)

  15. Regulators of skeletal development: a cluster analysis of 206 bone tumors reveals diagnostically useful markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvai, Andrew E; Roy, Ritu; Borys, Dariusz; O'Donnell, Richard J

    2012-11-01

    The molecules Indian hedgehog (IHH), SP7 (also known as osterix), sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and TWIST1 regulate the normal differentiation of osteo- and chondrogenic cells from precursors during skeletal development and remodeling. The aberrant function of the same molecules has been implicated in the pathogenesis of bone tumors. Preliminary studies suggest that antibodies against these molecules have practical, diagnostic or prognostic utility in tumors. However, a comprehensive analysis of the expression of these molecules in a large, diverse set of bone tumors has yet to be reported. The goals of this study were to compare the immunohistochemical profiles of IHH, SP7, SOX9, RUNX2 and TWIST1 among bone tumors and to determine the optimum panel for diagnostic utility. Tissue microarrays prepared from 206 undecalcified tumors (71 osteosarcomas, 26 osteoblastomas/osteoid osteomas, 50 giant cell tumors, 5 chondromyxoid fibromas and 54 chondroblastomas) were stained with antibodies to IHH, SP7, SOX9, RUNX2 and TWIST1. The stains were scored for intensity (0-3+) and distribution. The results were analyzed by cluster analysis. Optimum antibody panels for diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were calculated. Analysis revealed six main clusters that corresponded well to tumor types and suggested a close relationship between the stromal cells of giant cell tumor and the osteoblasts of osteosarcoma. The expression profile of chondromyxoid fibroma and chondroblastoma also suggested related differentiation. The distribution of osteoblastomas and osteoid osteomas was more heterogeneous. RUNX2, SOX9 and TWIST1 represented the most sensitive and specific immunohistochemical panel to distinguish among these diagnoses with the limitation that no result could discriminate between chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma. IHH and SP7 did not yield additional utility.

  16. Ectopic osteoid and bone formation by three calcium-phosphate ceramics in rats, rabbits and dogs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Liao; Zhang, B.; Bao, C.; Habibovic, P.; Hu, J.; Zhang, Xingdong

    2014-01-01

    Calcium phosphate ceramics with specific physicochemical properties have been shown to induce de novo bone formation upon ectopic implantation in a number of animal models. In this study we explored the influence of physicochemical properties as well as the animal species on material-induced ectopic

  17. Andrés Felipe Castañeda Morales. Encantos y peligros de la ciudad nocturna. Cali 1910-1930.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Cuevas Arenas

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available La noche como espacio de prácticas y relaciones sociales, de proyectos y contingencias entre los distintos actores, así como la exploración de valoraciones, experiencias y expectativas que se generaban sobre dicho horario, constituye una temática todavía inédita para la historiografía colombiana.Con este antecedente, el trabajo de Castañeda aporta desde una mirada descriptiva en la cimentación de este objeto de estudio, con un ejercicio interdisciplinar donde confluyen la historia social urbana y la de la vida cotidiana, junto a los aportes de la Comunicación Social, la Antropología y la Sociología urbana, e incluso la Literatura.

  18. Andrés Felipe Castañeda Morales. Encantos y peligros de la ciudad nocturna. Cali 1910-1930.

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Cuevas Arenas

    2016-01-01

    La noche como espacio de prácticas y relaciones sociales, de proyectos y contingencias entre los distintos actores, así como la exploración de valoraciones, experiencias y expectativas que se generaban sobre dicho horario, constituye una temática todavía inédita para la historiografía colombiana.Con este antecedente, el trabajo de Castañeda aporta desde una mirada descriptiva en la cimentación de este objeto de estudio, con un ejercicio interdisciplinar donde confluyen la historia social urba...

  19. Evaporative water loss and dehydration during the night in hummingbirds Pérdida de agua evaporativa y deshidratación nocturna en picaflores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRADLEY HARTMAN BAKKEN

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Nectar-feeding birds oscillate between avoiding overhydration when they are feeding and preventing dehydration during fasts. Here, we examined how resting rates of total evaporative water loss (TEWL and metabolic water production (MWP influence water balance in the green-backed firecrown (Sephanoides sephanoides, a Chilean hummingbird. We hypothesized that a circadian rhythm in TEWL would assuage the dehydration risk that hummingbirds face during the night. However, we did not find support for this idea. In resting hummingbirds, rates of TEWL during the day (54 ±6 µLh-1,n = 8 and night (65 ± 12 h-1, n = 5 were similar. Rates of MWP were also similar between the day (22 ±3 µL h-1, n = 8 and night (23 ± 2 µL h-1, n = 5. MWP rates were significantly lower than TEWL rates during both the day and night. Our findings both support the notion that hummingbirds dehydrate during extended fasts and illustrate that evaporative water loss is an important osmoregulatory consideration in hummingbirds. However, because the technique we used to estimate rates of TEWL and MWP at night was indirect, our findings should be interpreted cautiously until direct measurements are availableLas aves nectarívoras oscilan entre la sobrehidratación durante los períodos de alimentación y la prevención de la deshidratación durante el ayuno. Examinamos cómo las tasas de pérdida total de agua evaporativa (TEWL y la producción de agua metabólica (MWP durante el descanso influyen sobre el balance hídrico en el picaflor chileno (Sephanoides sephanoides. Hipotetizamos que el ritmo circadiano en la TEWL podría disminuir el riesgo de deshidratación que los picaflores enfrentan durante la noche. Sin embargo, no encontramos apoyo de esta hipótesis. En los picaflores en reposo, las tasas de TEWL durante el día (54 ± 6 µL h-1, n = 8 y la noche (65 ± 12 µL h-1, n = 5 fueron similares. Las tasas de MWP también fueron similares durante el día (22 ±3 µL h-1, n = 8 y la noche (23 ± 2 µL h-1, n = 5. Independiente del período de medición las tasas de MWP fueron significativamente menores que las tasas de TEWL. Nuestros resultados apoyan la noción de que los picaflores se deshidratan durante períodos de ayuno prolongado y además ilustran que la pérdida de agua evaporativa es una consideración osmorregulatoria importante en picaflores. Sin embargo, debido a que la técnica que utilizamos para estimar las tasas de TEWL y MWP fue indirecta, nuestros hallazgos debieran ser interpretados con precaución hasta que medidas directas estén disponibles

  20. Andrés Felipe Castañeda Morales. Encantos y peligros de la ciudad nocturna. Cali 1910-1930.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Cuevas Arenas

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available La noche como espacio de prácticas y relaciones sociales, de proyectos y contingencias entre los distintos actores, así como la exploración de valoraciones, experiencias y expectativas que se generaban sobre dicho horario, constituye una temática todavía inédita para la historiografía colombiana.Con este antecedente, el trabajo de Castañeda aporta desde una mirada descriptiva en la cimentación de este objeto de estudio, con un ejercicio interdisciplinar donde confluyen la historia social urbana y la de la vida cotidiana, junto a los aportes de la Comunicación Social, la Antropología y la Sociología urbana, e incluso la Literatura.

  1. Una epifanía nocturna: La niña de la lámpara azul. Estudio semiótico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago López Maguiña

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este es un nuevo análisis semiótico de uno de los poemas canónicos de laliteratura peruana: «La niña de la lámpara azul» de José María Eguren. Realizadocon el empleo de categorías procedentes de la semiótica tensiva, elanálisis destaca la polisensorialidad que ofrece la aparición luminosa que sedespliega en el poema, que a la vez es una presencia femenina, conectadacon significados de orden erótico, estético, fiduciario y mítico, principalmente.Se observa que el texto constituye un escenario en el que serealiza una puesta en escena cuyas significaciones se abren en un horizonteamplificante que el análisis apenas comienza a mostrar.

  2. Análisis de la máxima intensidad de la isla de calor urbana nocturna de la ciudad de Rancagua (Chile y sus factores explicativos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Sarricolea

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Las ciudades constituyen el hábitat por excelencia de los seres humanos, y pese a su diversidad presentan características ambientales (clima urbano comunes en muchas partes del mundo, como por ejemplo la presencia de la Isla de Calor Urbana (ICU, que corresponde a un aumento de origen antrópico de las temperaturas de la ciudad en comparación con su entorno inmediato de carácter natural y rural, siendo más intensa dicha diferencia en las noches. Por ello, el propósito de esta investigación es analizar la Máxima Intensidad de la Isla de Calor Urbana (MIICU de Rancagua a partir de mediciones de las temperaturas con transectos móviles y estaciones meteorológicas fijas. Se ha determinado que la máxima intensidad de la isla de calor urbana de Rancagua bordea los 6°C en verano y primavera, y 3°C para invierno y otoño. Los factores que explican las distribuciones de las temperaturas urbanas de Rancagua corresponden a las distancias a fuentes húmedas (río Cachapoal y las densidades poblacionales; y en menor medida las características topográficas del emplazamiento de la ciudad y las áreas verdes urbanas medidas a partir del índice normalizado de diferencias vegetales (NDVI. La principal conclusión de esta investigación indica que la ausencia de parques urbanos en Rancagua explica la distribución de las temperaturas y la elevada intensidad de la isla de calor, y también la no significativa relación entre temperaturas y NDVI. De no revertirse esta situación, la sostenibilidad ambiental futura de la ciudad de Rancagua se verá muy amenazada por el crecimiento urbano.Cities are the environment for excellence in human beings, and despite their diversity, environmental features (urban climate are common in many parts of the world, such as the presence of the Urban Heat Island (UHI. This corresponds to a temperature increase due to human activities in the city compared with its immediate natural and rural surroundings, the difference been more intense at night. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to analyze the Maximum Urban Heat Island Intensity (MUHII of Rancagua from measurements of temperatures with mobile transects by car and fixed weather stations. It has been determined that the maximum urban heat island intensity of Rancagua is around 6 degrees Celsius in summer and spring, and 3 degrees Celsius in winter and autumn. Factors that explain distributions of the temperature of urban Rancagua correspond to the distances to humid sources (Cachapoal river and population densities, and to a lesser extent to the topographical features of the site of the city and the urban green areas from the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI. The main finding of this research shows that the lack of urban parks in Rancagua explains the distribution of temperatures and the high intensity of the heat island, and also the no significant relationship between the temperatures and NDVI. If this situation is not reverted, future environmental sustainability of the city of Rancagua will be greatly threatened by the urban growth.

  3. Andrés Felipe Castañeda Morales. Encantos y peligros de la ciudad nocturna. Cali 1910-1930.

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Cuevas Arenas

    2016-01-01

    La noche como espacio de prácticas y relaciones sociales, de proyectos y contingencias entre los distintos actores, así como la exploración de valoraciones, experiencias y expectativas que se generaban sobre dicho horario, constituye una temática todavía inédita para la historiografía colombiana.Con este antecedente, el trabajo de Castañeda aporta desde una mirada descriptiva en la cimentación de este objeto de estudio, con un ejercicio interdisciplinar donde confluyen la historia social urba...

  4. Plaswekker ook succesvol bij 5-7-jarigen met enuresis nocturna [Alarm treatment also successful in children aged 5 to 7 years with nocturnal enuresis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwet, J.M.L. van; Wiertz, Y.D.B.M.; Bolk-Bennink, L.F.; Leerdam, F.J.M. van; Hirasing, R.A.

    1998-01-01

    Objective. To determine how many bed-wetting children aged 5-7 years unlearn the habit using the alarm treatment. Design. Descriptive. Setting. TNO Prevention and Health, Leiden, the Netherlands. Methods. The population consisted of all children aged 5 to 7 with nocturnal enuresis (defined as ≤ 2 we

  5. Goede lange-termijn resultaten van droog-bedtraining bij kinderen met enuresis nocturna [Good long-term results of dry bed training of children with nocturnal enuresis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hirasing, R.A.; Reus, H.

    1994-01-01

    Good long-term results of dry bed training of children with nocturnal enuresis. Objective. To determine the long-term effect of dry bed training in a youth health care setting. Setting. Haarlemmermeer, the Netherlands.Design. Descriptive. Method. Parents of 36 children (mean age 9 year) subjected to

  6. Bony sequestrum: A radiologic review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennin, Felicie; Bousson, Valerie; Parlier, Caroline; Jomaah, Nabil; Khanine, Vanessa; Laredo, Jean-Denis [Lariboisiere Hospital, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

    2011-08-15

    According to a pathological definition, a bony sequestrum is defined as a piece of devitalized bone that has been separated from the surrounding bone during the process of necrosis. However, the radiological definition of a sequestrum is different and refers to an image of calcification visible within a lucent lesion, completely separated from the surrounding bone, without referring to the vascular status and histological nature of the calcified tissue. The term ''button sequestrum'' has been used in calvarial lesions. The prototype conditions that may present with a bony sequestrum are osteomyelitis and skeletal tuberculosis. Other conditions such as radiation necrosis, eosinophilic granuloma, metastatic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of bone, aggressive fibrous tumors may also manifest as osteolytic lesions containing a sequestrum. In addition, some primary bone tumors produce a matrix that may mineralize and sometimes simulate a bone sequestrum. These include osteoid tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma), cartilaginous tumors (chondroma and chondroblastoma), lipomatous tumors (lipoma), and benign fibrous tumors (fibromyxoma, myxoma, and desmoplastic fibroma). Therefore, various conditions may present at imaging as a small area of osteolysis containing central calcifications. However, a careful analysis of the sequestrum as well as the associated clinical and radiological findings often enables to point toward a limited number of conditions. (orig.)

  7. Expression and significance of N-cadherin and β-catenin protein in osteosarcoma%N-钙黏附素和β-环连蛋白在骨肉瘤中的表达及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建柱; 张祥宏; 刘俊茹; 丁洋; 高峰; 王莹

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨N-钙黏附素(N-cadherin)和β-环连蛋白(β-catenin)在骨肉瘤组织中的表达及其与骨肉瘤临床病理特征的关系.方法 采用免疫组化法,检测54例骨肉瘤组织、11例骨样骨瘤、7例骨母细胞瘤和8例反应性新生骨组织中N-cadherin和β-catenin的蛋白表达水平,并结合临床病理资料进行相关分析.结果 N-cadherin蛋白在反应性新生骨、骨母细胞瘤、骨样骨瘤和骨肉瘤组织中的阳性表达率分别为75.0%、71.4%、63.6%和35.2%,其在骨肉瘤组织中的阳性表达率明显低于骨样骨瘤、骨母细胞瘤和反应性新生骨组织(P=0.035);N-cadherin蛋白在伴有肺转移的骨肉瘤患者组织中的阳性表达率(21.7%)明显低于无肺转移者(56.3%,P=0.027),在2年内死亡患者组织中的阳性表达率(18.2%)明显低于生存2年以上者(50.0%,P=0.024).β-catenin蛋白在反应性新生骨、骨母细胞瘤、骨样骨瘤及骨肉瘤组织中的异常表达率分别为12.5%、28.6%、27.3%和66.7%,其在骨肉瘤组织中的异常表达率明显高于骨样骨瘤、骨母细胞瘤和反应性新生骨组织(P=0.002);β-catenin蛋白在肺转移的骨肉瘤患者组织中的异常表达率(82.6%)明显高于无肺转移组(43.8%,P=0.011).骨肉瘤组织中,N-cadherin蛋白的阳性表达与β-catenin蛋白的异常表达呈负相关(r=-0.302,P=0.027).结论 骨肉瘤组织中,N-cadherin蛋白的阳性表达率降低,β-catenin蛋白的异常表达率增高.N-cadherin蛋白表达与骨肉瘤的转移和预后密切相关,而β-catenin蛋白的表达仅与骨肉瘤的转移相关.%Objective To evaluate the expression of N-cadherin and β-catenin protein and their relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of osteosarcoma. Methods The expressions of N-cadherin and β-catenin at protein level were detected by immunohistochemical staining in 54 cases of osteosarcoma, 11 cases of osteoid osteoma, 7 cases of osteoblastoma and 8 cases of newly formed

  8. SPECT/CT imaging in bone scintigraphy of a case of clavicular osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuka Yamamoto

    2014-05-01

    diphosphonate (HMDP. Whole-body image showed a focus of intensely increased uptake in the clavicle. Single photon emission computed tomography/ computed tomography (SPECT/CT images were also acquired and clearly showed intense uptake at the tumor site. Integrated SPECT/CT imaging supplies both functional and anatomic information about bone: the SPECT imaging improves sensitivity compared with planar imaging, the CT imaging provides precise localization of the abnormal uptake, and information on the shape and structure of the abnormalities improves the specificity of the diagnosis.

  9. 脉络膜骨瘤二例%Choroid osteoma two examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    轩旭霞

    2007-01-01

    本文作者具体介绍了二例络膜骨瘤病例,这是一种临床少见的眼底疾病,多见于青年女性,女:男的约4:1,具体病因不清,多认为是先天性迷离瘤,B超,FFA,CT对脉络膜骨瘤诊断有指导价值.

  10. Osteoma of the left mandibular notch%左乙状切迹骨瘤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dirk Schukze; 张薇

    2010-01-01

    @@ 患者:女,73岁 这名患者临床怀疑为上颌窦或上颌周围来源的恶性肿瘤.她主诉左上颌弥散性疼痛. 曲面体层片显示为一个高密度均质、蘑菇样外形、界限清楚的硬组织结构,直径约几厘米.病损看似来源于下颌孔上方的区域.锥形束CT(图2~5)显示为3cm×3cm×2.7cm大小骨性密度的均质病损,位于乙状切迹舌侧沿升支生长,前界几乎达到喙突.

  11. Choroidal osteoma(1 case)%脉络膜骨瘤1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于文洲

    2008-01-01

    女.21岁。自述右眼视力下降,视物变形,眼前黑影遮挡3月。于2005年5月11日就诊。眼科检查:视力:右0.6,矫正无助,左1.0;眼压:右17mmHg,左14mmHg。双眼前节正常,双眼屈光介质正常,眼底:右眼视盘边界清,色正常,视盘颞上方可见4PD×3PD橘黄色病变,

  12. [Osteoma and exostosis of the external auditory meatus: a clinical diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granell, J; Puig, A; Benito, E

    2003-03-01

    Proliferative osseous lesions usually found in the external ear are exostoses and osteomata. In other sites they are clearly different entities, but in this location histopathologic differential features are not so reliable in the study of the specimens. An occlusive osteomata is shown, with the typical clinical presentation demonstrated in a multiplanar CT. Microscopically, the lesion consisted of mature bone trabeculae, separated by medular spaces with fibrovascular tissue, characteristic features of osteomata. However, in the most superficial areas, lines of bone apposition, like those in exostoses, were found. A literature review confirms the lack of specificity of the histopathologic study, so diagnosis is based on clinical data.

  13. Composición y abundancia de aves rapaces nocturnas en bosques secundarios a lo largo de un gradiente altitudinal de la Vertiente Pacífica de Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Riba Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Durante la época lluviosa del año 2010 y la época seca del año 2011 fue examinada la composición de especies de lechuzas en la Vertiente Pacífica de Costa Rica. Se utilizó el método de estimulación con vocalizaciones coespecíficas para estimar la composición, frecuencia de detección y abundancia relativa de especies de ensamblajes de búhos y lechuzas en tres núcleos de bosque tropical secundario distribuidos en un rango de 0 m hasta 2100 m. El estudio se basó en la clasificación de zonas de ...

  14. Tibial hyperostosis: A diagnostic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Touraine, Sébastien, E-mail: sebastien.touraine@lrb.aphp.fr [Radiologie ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475 Paris Cedex 10 (France); Parlier-Cuau, Caroline, E-mail: caroline.parlier@lrb.aphp.fr [Radiologie ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475 Paris Cedex 10 (France); Bousson, Valérie, E-mail: valerie.bousson@lrb.aphp.fr [Radiologie ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475 Paris Cedex 10 (France); Sverzut, Jean-Michel, E-mail: jmsverzut21@hotmail.com [Radiologie ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475 Paris Cedex 10 (France); Centre d’imagerie du centre cardiologique du Nord, 32-36 rue des Moulins Gémeaux, 93200 Saint-Denis (France); Genah, Idan, E-mail: idan.genah@lrb.aphp.fr [Radiologie ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475 Paris Cedex 10 (France); and others

    2013-12-01

    Tibial hyperostosis may be encountered in musculoskeletal imaging, incidentally or during the investigation of a leg pain. Hyperostosis involves the exuberant production of osseous tissue and results in cortical, periosteal and/or endosteal thickening of the bone. As a long bone with thick cortices, the tibia has a significant probability of being affected by ubiquitous bone diseases. As a tubular long bone, the tibia is likely to be involved in extensive infectious conditions such as osteomyelitis. As a bone of the lower limb, the tibia undergoes high stresses and may be affected by decrease in bone strength or repetitive submaximal stress. The tibia is also particularly involved in some bone sclerosing dysplasias and Paget's disease. In this work, we aim at highlighting the main conditions leading to tibial hyperostosis and try to provide key elements to narrow down the several diagnostic possibilities. Osteoid osteomas, fatigue or insufficiency fractures, infectious conditions, vascular lesions, sclerosing bone dysplasias and Paget's disease represent the main challenging diagnoses to discuss.

  15. Study on the relationship of abnormal transcription factors OCT4, HBP1 and Snail expression with progression of osteosarcoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; Yu Si

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the relationship of abnormal transcription factors OCT4, HBP1 and Snail expression with progression of osteosarcoma.Methods: Surgical removed osteosarcoma tissue specimens were selected as pathology group, surgically removed osteoid osteoma specimens were selected as control group, and the expression levels of gene transcription factors OCT4, HBP1 and Snail, proliferation genes, epithelial-mesenchymal transition marker molecules in tissue specimens were determined.Results:Oct4 and Snail protein levels of pathology group were significantly higher than those of control group and HBP1 protein level was significantly lower than that of control group; C-myc and cyclinD1 protein levels of pathology group were significantly higher than those of control group, positively correlated with OCT4 and negatively correlated with HBP1; p16 and p53 protein levels were significantly lower than those of control group, negatively correlated with OCT4 and positively correlated with HBP1; N-cadherin and Vimentin protein levels of pathology group were significantly higher than those of control group and positively correlated with Snail while E-cadherin and Occludin protein levels were significantly lower than those of control group and negatively correlated with Snail.Conclusion: Oct4 and Snail are highly expressed and HBP1 is lowly expressed in osteosarcoma tissue, Oct4 and Snail can participate in the regulation of cell proliferation, and HBP1 can participate in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition of cells.

  16. Osteoidosteoma. From diagnosis to treatment; Osteoidosteom. Von der Diagnose zur Behandlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sprengel, S.D.; Weber, M.A.; Lehner, B.; Rehnitz, C. [Stiftung Orthopaedische Universitaetsklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Heidelberg, Sektion Muskuloskelettale Radiologie, Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2015-06-15

    An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone-forming tumor which usually presents in childhood and adolescence and is characterized by extensive nocturnal pain. Computed tomography (CT) is used to reveal the typical radiolucent nidus surrounded by a sclerotic reaction and in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a nidal enhancement and perifocal edema can confirm the diagnosis. Having shown excellent success rates radiofrequency ablation has become the treatment of choice which allows minimally invasive and precise destruction of nidal tumor tissue. By using thermal protection techniques and multiple ablation positions successful therapy of perineural tumors and niduses with diameters of more than 2 cm are possible. (orig.) [German] Das Osteoidosteom ist ein gutartiger knochenbildender Tumor, welcher eine ausgepraegte Nachtschmerzsymptomatik zeigt und vorwiegend bei Kindern und Jugendlichen auftritt. Charakteristisch sind ein radioluzenter Nidus, umgeben von einer meist ausgepraegten Sklerosereaktion in der Computertomographie, sowie eine nidale Kontrastmittelaufnahme mit perifokalem Oedem in der Magnetresonanztomographie. Therapie der Wahl ist die minimal-invasive Radiofrequenzablation, welche eine komplikationsarme, zielgenaue Destruktion des Tumorgewebes ermoeglicht und eine exzellente klinische Erfolgsrate aufweist. Thermale Protektionstechniken und der Einsatz multipler Ablationspositionen ermoeglichen Ablationen von Tumoren mit direktem Lagebezug zu Nerven oder dem Spinalkanal und Durchmessern von ueber 2 cm. (orig.)

  17. Osseous Tumours of the Hand: A Review of 99 Cases in 20 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Farzan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tumors involving the hand skeleton are rare. However, a basic knowledge of hand tumors is necessary for every clinician. This is due to the importance of distinguishing typical benign tumors from life or limb threatening malignant ones. Methods: This study is a review of 99 cases of osseous hand tumors presented to the department of orthopedic surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran, from December 1990 to February 2011. Results: Ninety-one cases were benign osseous tumors of the hand and eight tumors were malignant which four of them were considered as primary and four considered as metastatic type. The most common benign tumors were enchondroma and osteoid osteoma. Other benign tumors were epidermoid bone cyst, giant cell tumor of the bone, aneurysmal bone cyst, osteoblastoma, and osteochondroma. Primary malignant tumors were extremely rare and we have reported two chondrosarcomas, one osteosarcoma and one Ewing’s sarcoma involving the hand skeleton. Conclusion: This study indicates that the history, physical examination, laboratory and radiographic data as well as clinicians’ knowledge of specific hand tumors are required for the best management strategy. New techniques could lead to earlier diagnosis, prevent complications and indentify the most effective type of treatment.

  18. Osseous Tumours of the Hand: A Review of 99 Cases in 20 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Farzan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available   Background: Tumors involving the hand skeleton are rare. However, a basic knowledge of hand tumors is necessary for every clinician. This is due to the importance of distinguishing typical benign tumors from life or limb threatening malignant ones. Methods: This study is a review of 99 cases of osseous hand tumors presented to the department of orthopedic surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran, from December 1990 to February 2011. Results: Ninety-one cases were benign osseous tumors of the hand and eight tumors were malignant which four of them were considered as primary and four considered as metastatic type. The most common benign tumors were enchondroma and osteoid osteoma. Other benign tumors were epidermoid bone cyst, giant cell tumor of the bone, aneurysmal bone cyst, osteoblastoma, and osteochondroma. Primary malignant tumors were extremely rare and we have reported two chondrosarcomas, one osteosarcoma and one Ewing’s sarcoma involving the hand skeleton. Conclusion: This study indicates that the history, physical examination, laboratory and radiographic data as well as clinicians’ knowledge of specific hand tumors are required for the best management strategy. New techniques could lead to earlier diagnosis, prevent complications and indentify the most effective type of treatment.

  19. Radiolucent rim as a possible diagnostic aid for differentiating jaw lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mortazavi, Hamed; Baharvand, Maryam; Rarahmani, Somayeh; Jafati, Soudeh; Parvaei, Parvin [Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    In this study, we formulate a new proposal that complements previous classifications in order to assist dental practitioners in performing a differential diagnosis based on patients' radiographs. We used general search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks to find relevant studies by using keywords such as 'jaw disease,' 'jaw lesions,' 'radiolucent rim,' 'radiolucent border,' and 'radiolucent halo.' More than 200 articles were found, of which 70 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 50 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest. When the relevant data were compiled, the following eight lesions were identified as having a radiolucent rim: periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, florid cemento-osseous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, odontoma, and cementoblastoma. We propose a novel subcategory, jaw lesions with a radiolucent rim, which includes eight entities. The implementation of this new category can help improve the diagnoses that dental practitioners make based on patients' radiographs.

  20. Acute bone marrow edema of the hip: role of MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karantanas, Apostolos H. [University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Stavrakia, Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

    2007-09-15

    Acute bone marrow edema of the hip is a diagnostic challenge for both radiologists and clinicians. Marrow edema is often seen in patients with hip pain and restriction of motion. In patients with acute non-traumatic hip pain, whose radiographs are negative or inconclusive, MR imaging is the imaging study of choice. MR imaging is the most sensitive and specific imaging technique for detecting transient osteoporosis and osteonecrosis, as well as for detecting and staging fractures and microfractures. MR imaging is able to show marrow involvement in various inflammatory disorders and to diagnose reactive marrow edema from femoroacetabular impingment and greater trochanteric pain syndrome. In patients with septic arthritis, it may also depict associated marrow edema and suggest its reactive or infectious origin. For the neoplastic disorders, although plain radiographs should be the initial examination, MR imaging may follow for assessing extension to the surrounding soft tissues and/or associated pathologic fracture, facilitating thus the treatment planning. Computed tomography is more accurate compared with MR imaging in diagnosing intra-articular osteoid osteomas. (orig.)

  1. Radiolucent rim as a possible diagnostic aid for differentiating jaw lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortazavi, Hamed; Rahmani, Somayeh; Jafari, Soudeh; Parvaei, Parvin

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we formulate a new proposal that complements previous classifications in order to assist dental practitioners in performing a differential diagnosis based on patients' radiographs. We used general search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks to find relevant studies by using keywords such as "jaw disease," "jaw lesions," "radiolucent rim," "radiolucent border," and "radiolucent halo." More than 200 articles were found, of which 70 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 50 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest. When the relevant data were compiled, the following eight lesions were identified as having a radiolucent rim: periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, focal cemento-osseous dysplasia, florid cemento-osseous dysplasia, cemento-ossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, odontoma, and cementoblastoma. We propose a novel subcategory, jaw lesions with a radiolucent rim, which includes eight entities. The implementation of this new category can help improve the diagnoses that dental practitioners make based on patients' radiographs. PMID:26730374

  2. Cemento-ossifying fibroma of the maxilla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Shaham, A A; Samher, A A

    2010-12-01

    Despite the fact that cemento-ossifying fibromas of the maxilla may be quite large and locally aggressive, en-bloc excision is achieved by gentle blunt dissection, with the whole tumour mass peeled out from the adjacent structures. Until recently different fibro-osseous tumours that contained cementum were classified together as "cementomas". In 1992 The World Health Organization adopted a new classification that included these fibromas as benign osseous tumours. While such tumours of the mandible are common, those of the maxilla are rare. They are growth products of periodontal membrane remnant. The triggering mechanism in the formation of cementum outside the periodontal membrane remains unclear. We present a 35-year-old woman who had a giant expanding lobular mass in the right maxilla of 5 years duration. She had visual disturbances and nasal obstruction, and was treated successfully by surgical en-bloc resection of the tumour through an infraorbital transverse incision. The differential diagnosis included fibrous dysplasia, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis, ameloblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumour (Pindborg tumour) and calcifying odontogenic cyst (Gorlin cyst). Histopathological examination confirmed a cemento-ossifying fibroma.

  3. Paediatric musculoskeletal interventional radiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolantonio, Guglielmo; Fruhwirth, Rodolfo; Alvaro, Giuseppe; Parapatt, George K; Toma', Paolo; Rollo, Massimo

    2016-01-01

    Interventional radiology technique is now well established and widely used in the adult population. Through minimally invasive procedures, it increasingly replaces surgical interventions that involve higher percentages of invasiveness and, consequently, of morbidity and mortality. For these advantageous reasons, interventional radiology in recent years has spread to the paediatric age as well. The aim of this study was to review the literature on the development, use and perspectives of these procedures in the paediatric musculoskeletal field. Several topics are covered: osteomuscle neoplastic malignant and benign pathologies treated with invasive diagnostic and/or therapeutic procedures such as radiofrequency ablation in the osteoid osteoma; invasive and non-invasive procedures in vascular malformations; treatment of aneurysmal bone cysts; and role of interventional radiology in paediatric inflammatory and rheumatic inflammations. The positive results that have been generated with interventional radiology procedures in the paediatric field highly encourage both the development of new ad hoc materials, obviously adapted to young patients, as well as the improvement of such techniques, in consideration of the fact that childrens' pathologies do not always correspond to those of adults. In conclusion, as these interventional procedures have proven to be less invasive, with lower morbidity and mortality rates as well, they are becoming a viable and valid alternative to surgery in the paediatric population. PMID:26235144

  4. The role of MR imaging in scaphoid disorders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karantanas, Apostolos [University of Crete, Department of Radiology, Medical School, Heraklion (Greece); University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Stavrakia, Heraklion (Greece); Dailiana, Zoe; Malizos, Konstantinos [University of Thessaly, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Health Sciences, Larissa (Greece)

    2007-11-15

    The scaphoid bone of the wrist is one of the most commonly fractured bones in the body. Due to its importance in the biomechanics and functionality of the wrist, it is important to depict and characterize the type of injury. Plain radiographs and scintigraphy may fail to disclose the type and severity of the injury. In patients with normal initial plain radiographs, MR imaging can discriminate occult fractures from bone bruises and may also demonstrate ligamentous disruption. MR imaging can also discriminate the proximal pole viability versus avascular necrosis secondary to previous fracture, which is important for treatment planning. Treatment of non-united fractures with vascularized grafts can be evaluated with contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Idiopathic osteonecrosis or Preiser's disease was originally described after trauma. The non-traumatic disorders of the scaphoid include post-traumatic osteoarthritis, inflammatory bone marrow edema in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and osteomyelitis. MR imaging is helpful in all the above disorders to demonstrate early bone marrow edema, cartilage degeneration and associated subchondral marrow changes. The most commonly found tumors in the scaphoid are usually benign and include enchondroma, osteoblastoma and osteoid osteoma. MR imaging is not mandatory for the initial diagnosis, which should be based on plain X-ray findings. (orig.)

  5. Thallium-201 scintigraphy for bone and soft tissue tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tokuumi, Yuji; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki; Sunayama, Chiaki; Matsuda, Eizo; Asada, Naohiro; Taki, Junichi; Sumiya, Hisashi; Miyauchi, Tsutomu; Tomita, Katsuro [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1995-05-01

    This study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of thallium-201 scintigraphy in bone and soft tissue tumors. Pre-therapy scintigraphy was undertaken in a total of 136 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis, consisting of 74 with malignant bone and soft tissue tumors, 39 with benign ones, 12 with diseases analogous to tumors, and 11 others. Thallium activity was graded on a scale of 0-4: 0=background activity, 1=equivocal activity, 2=definitive activity, but less than myocardium, 3=definite activity equal to myocardium, and 4=activity greater than myocardium. In the group of malignant tumors, thallium-201 uptake was found in 80%, although it was low for chondrosarcoma (2/8) and malignant Schwannoma (one/3). The group of benign tumors, however, showed it in only 41%, being restricted to those with giant cell tumors, chondroblastoma, fibromatosis, and osteoid osteoma. Thallium-201 uptake was also found in all 8 patients with metastatic tumors. In 23 patients undergoing thallium imaging before and after chemotherapy, scintigraphic findings revealed a high correlation with histopathological findings. Thus, thallium-201 scintigraphy may be potentially used to distinguish malignant from benign bone and soft tissue tumors, except for a few histopathological cases, as well as to determine loco-regional metastases and response to chemotherapy. (N.K.).

  6. Incidental neoplastics findings in paediatric {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scan patients with non-specific limp

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maddaford, S.; Morony, S. [Women`s and Children`s Hospital, North Adelaide, SA (Australia). Department of Nuclear Medicine

    1998-06-01

    Full text: A group of patients who attended the Department of Nuclear Medicine with non-specific limp/hip pain, for a {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scan, had incidental findings of diffuse neoplastic involvement. A variety of oncology patients attend the Department annually for a {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scan. These include patients with Ewing`s osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, benign osteoid osteoma and neuroblastoma. We rarely see patients with leukemia. We found that of a number of patients with stage IV neuroblastoma 80% had presented to the Department with a non-specific limp/hip pain for investigation. The ESR in each case was either normal or raised, and previous radiological and ultrasound examination did not demonstrate any specific finding. The provisional diagnosis in each case was osteomyelitis or septic arthritis. In retrospect, a nuclear medicine {sup 99m}Tc-MDP bone scan was a clear advantage in assisting the diagnosis of neuroblastoma. A selection of these patient case studies is presented to demonstrate the value of the nuclear medicine bone scan incidental findings in the early diagnosis of neuroblastoma, and the subsequent monitoring and staging of this disease

  7. Intracortical osteoblastic osteosarcoma with oncogenic rickets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, T.; Hirohashi, Setsuo [Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan); Shimoda, Tadakazu [Clinical Laboratory Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Yokoyama, Ryohei; Beppu, Yasuo [Orthopedic Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Maeda, Shotaro [Department of Pathology, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-01-01

    Intracortical osteosarcoma is the rarest variant of osteosarcoma, occurring within, and usually confined to, the cortical bone. Oncogenic osteomalacia, or rickets, is an unusual clinicopathologic entity in which vitamin D-resistant osteomalacia, or rickets, occurs in association with some tumors of soft tissue or bone. We present a case of oncogenic rickets associated with intracortical osteosarcoma of the tibia in a 9-year-old boy, whose roentgenographic abnormalities of rickets disappeared and pertinent laboratory data except for serum alkaline phosphatase became normal after surgical resection of the tumor. Histologically, the tumor was an osteosarcoma with a prominent osteoblastic pattern. An unusual microscopic feature was the presence of matrix mineralization showing rounded calcified structures (calcified spherules). Benign osteoblastic tumors, such as osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, must be considered in the differential diagnosis because of the relatively low cellular atypia and mitotic activity of this tumor. The infiltrating pattern with destruction or engulfment of normal bone is a major clue to the correct diagnosis of intracortical osteosarcoma. The co-existing radiographic changes of rickets were due to the intracortical osteosarcoma. (orig.) With 8 figs., 25 refs.

  8. Adolescent spinal pain: The pediatric orthopedist's point of view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gennari, J M; Themar-Noel, C; Panuel, M; Bensamoun, B; Deslandre, C; Linglart, A; Sokolowski, M; Ferrari, A

    2015-10-01

    Ten to twenty percent of persons experience spinal pain during growth. Causes are diverse in adolescents, and it is essential to determine etiology rapidly so as to guide optimal management. It is important for the pediatric orthopedist to understand the natural history of conditions inducing spinal pain. A retrospective study included 116 adolescents presenting with spinal pain at the Hôpital Nord (Marseille, France) between January 1, 2009 and January 1, 2014. Malignant tumoral etiologies were excluded. Mean patient age was 13.6 years. Risser ranged between >0 and discal hernia, 1 of osteoid osteoma and 1 of eosinophil granuloma. Treatment was often non-operative when diagnosis was sufficiently early. In case of failure, surgery could generally be considered. Correctly indicated non-operative management or surgery changes the natural history of these pathologies. The aim of treatment is to resolve pain in adolescence, as it risks becoming chronic and disabling by adulthood. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  9. The natural history of disappearing bone tumours and tumour-like conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagawa, Takashi; Watanabe, Hideomi; Shinozaki, Tetsuya; Ahmed, Adel Refaat; Shirakura, Kenji; Takagishi, Kenji

    2001-11-01

    We describe 27 cases of bone tumours or tumour-like lesions where there was spontaneous regression. The follow-up period was 2.8-16.7 years (average, 7.0 years). Fourteen of these cases were no longer visible on plain radiographs. Histological diagnosis included exostosis, eosinophilic granuloma, fibrous dysplasia, fibrous cortical defect, non-ossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma and bone island. Most cases began to reduce in adolescence or earlier, although sclerotic type lesions showed their regression in older patients. All lesions thought to be eosinophilic granuloma began to regress after periods of less than 3 months, while the duration of the other lesions showed wide variation (1-74 months). As resolution of the lesions took between 2 and 79 months (mean, 25.0 {+-} 20.3 months) we consider that the most likely mechanism was recovery of normal skeletal growth control. In exostosis with fracture, alteration of vascular supply may contribute to growth arrest, but not to subsequent remodelling stage. In inflammatory-related lesions such as eosinophilic granuloma, cessation of inflammation may be the mechanism of growth arrest, whilst temporary inflammation may stimulate osteogenic cells engaged in remodeling. In the sclerotic type, growth arrest is a less probable mechanism. Necrosis within the tumour and/or local changes in hormonal control, plus remodelling of the sclerotic area takes longer. Knowledge of the potential for spontaneous resolution may help in management of these tumour and tumour-like lesions of bone. Yanagawa, T. et al. (2001)

  10. Bone and soft tissue tumors of hip and pelvis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloem, Johan L., E-mail: j.l.bloem@lumc.nl [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands); Reidsma, Inge I., E-mail: i.i.reidsma@lumc.nl [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden (Netherlands)

    2012-12-15

    Objective is to identify epidemiologic and radiologic criteria allowing specific diagnoses of tumors and tumor-like lesions in the hip region and pelvis, and to optimize pre-operative staging. Patients with pelvic tumors are usually older, and their tumors are larger relative to patients with tumors in extremities. The majority of tumors in the pelvis are malignant (metastases, myeloma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing-, osteo-, and MFH/fibrosarcoma), while those in the proximal femur are in majority benign (fibrous dysplasia, solitary bone cyst, and osteoid osteoma). Soft tissue masses in the thigh in the elderly are typically sarcomas without tumor specific signs. Common tumor-like lesions occurring in the hip and pelvis that can mimic neoplasm are: infections (including tuberculosis), insufficiency/avulsion fractures, cysts, fibrous dysplasia, aneurysmal bone cyst, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and Paget's disease. Local MR staging is based on the compartmental anatomy. The psoas and gluteal muscles are easily invaded by sarcoma originating in the ileum. The pectineus muscle protects the neurovascular bundle at the level of the hip. The thigh is separated into three compartments, some structures (Sartorius muscle) cross borders between compartments. Immobile joints (SI-joints, osteoarthritic hip) are relatively easily crossed by sarcoma and giant cell tumor.

  11. Pediatric skeletal scintigraphy: applications of pinhole magnification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, L P; Treves, S T; Connolly, S A; Zimmerman, R E; Bar-Sever, Z; Itrato, D; Davis, R T

    1998-01-01

    Pinhole magnification scintigraphy is an effective means of evaluating the pediatric skeleton because it provides optimal high-resolution images. This technique is indicated when diagnostic uncertainty persists after high-resolution imaging with parallel hole collimation. Pinhole magnification scintigraphy requires approximately 20 minutes of acquisition time per image and meticulous attention to details such as choice of pinhole insert, collimator positioning, and patient immobilization. However, the technique is superior to planar imaging in demonstrating acute osteomyelitis in bone adjacent to growth centers and epiphyseal involvement that is either primary or the result of local spread of infection. In addition, pinhole imaging has proved highly reliable in the early diagnosis of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and is useful in depicting osteonecrosis related to specific causes such as corticosteroid treatment or trauma. Scintigraphic manifestations of femoral head ischemia or infarction and findings indicative of osteomyelitis associated with a hip effusion are well demonstrated with pinhole imaging. This technique also helps characterize osteoid osteomas and may be used intraoperatively to confirm the complete excision of this benign tumor. Finally, pinhole magnification scintigraphy clearly depicts fractures of the femoral neck and allows a high degree of confidence in diagnosing injuries to the small bones of the hands and feet.

  12. Percutaneous treatment of bone tumors by radiofrequency thermal ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz Santiago, Fernando, E-mail: ferusan@ono.com [Department of Radiology, Hospital of Traumatology (Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de las Nieves), Carretera de Jaen SN, 18013 Granada (Spain); Mar Castellano Garcia, Maria del; Guzman Alvarez, Luis [Department of Radiology, Hospital of Traumatology (Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de las Nieves), Carretera de Jaen SN, 18013 Granada (Spain); Martinez Montes, Jose Luis [Department of Traumatology, Hospital of Traumatology (Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de las Nieves), Carretera de Jaen SN, 18013 Granada (Spain); Ruiz Garcia, Manuel; Tristan Fernandez, Juan MIguel [Department of Radiology, Hospital of Traumatology (Ciudad Sanitaria Virgen de las Nieves), Carretera de Jaen SN, 18013 Granada (Spain)

    2011-01-15

    We present our experience of the treatment of bone tumors with radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA). Over the past 4 years, we have treated 26 cases (22 benign and 4 malignant) using CT-guided RFTA. RFTA was the sole treatment in 19 cases and was combined with percutaneous cementation during the same session in the remaining seven cases. Our approach to the tumors was simplified, using a single point of entrance for both RFTA and percutaneous osteoplasty. In the benign cases, clinical success was defined as resolution of pain within 1 month of the procedure and no recurrence during the follow-up period. It was achieved in 19 out of the 21 patients in which curative treatment was attempted. The two non-resolved cases were a patient with osteoid osteoma who developed a symptomatic bone infarct after a symptom-free period of 2 months and another with femoral diaphysis osteoblastoma who suffered a pathological fracture after 8 months without symptoms. The procedure was considered clinically successful in the five cases (4 malign and 1 benign) in which palliative treatment was attempted, because there was a mean ({+-}SD) reduction in visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score from 9.0 {+-} 0.4 before the procedure to <4 during the follow-up period.

  13. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation: relationship between different probe types and procedure time on length and extent of osteonecrosis in dog long bones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martel, J.; Bueno, A. [Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain); Dominguez, M.P. [Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Departamento de Patologia, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain); Llorens, P.; Quiros, J.; Delgado, C. [Universidad Complutense, Facultad de Veterinaria, Madrid (Spain)

    2008-02-15

    We have been using radiofrequency ablation for the percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteoma since 2001. Frequently, lesions are located near the joint surface, involve the vertebral body or are close to major nerves. We seek to determine whether radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can be used safely in these cases. A total of 65 lesions were induced in 4 dogs. Each dog underwent RFA on the diaphysis of long bones, as well as femoral and humeral heads. Four different sessions were carried out by using 1- and 2-cm probes with or without a cool-tip system and by varying the timing of the procedure. Plain film, CT, and MRI were obtained. All bone samples were examined histologically. The dogs' activity after the procedure was normal. No pathologic fractures occurred despite unrestricted activity of the animals. Cortical bone was always respected; therefore, articular cartilage has not been damaged. Radiological findings were characteristic. There were no significant differences in lesion size, probe type, and the duration of the procedure. The mean lesion diameter perpendicular to the electrode was 18.5 mm. Our study confirms the insulative effect of cortical bone. RFA can be safely performed close to the joint surface without damaging the cartilage. (orig.)

  14. Informatics in radiology: RADTF: a semantic search-enabled, natural language processor-generated radiology teaching file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Bao H; Wu, Andrew; Biswal, Sandip; Kamaya, Aya; Rubin, Daniel L

    2010-11-01

    Storing and retrieving radiology cases is an important activity for education and clinical research, but this process can be time-consuming. In the process of structuring reports and images into organized teaching files, incidental pathologic conditions not pertinent to the primary teaching point can be omitted, as when a user saves images of an aortic dissection case but disregards the incidental osteoid osteoma. An alternate strategy for identifying teaching cases is text search of reports in radiology information systems (RIS), but retrieved reports are unstructured, teaching-related content is not highlighted, and patient identifying information is not removed. Furthermore, searching unstructured reports requires sophisticated retrieval methods to achieve useful results. An open-source, RadLex(®)-compatible teaching file solution called RADTF, which uses natural language processing (NLP) methods to process radiology reports, was developed to create a searchable teaching resource from the RIS and the picture archiving and communication system (PACS). The NLP system extracts and de-identifies teaching-relevant statements from full reports to generate a stand-alone database, thus converting existing RIS archives into an on-demand source of teaching material. Using RADTF, the authors generated a semantic search-enabled, Web-based radiology archive containing over 700,000 cases with millions of images. RADTF combines a compact representation of the teaching-relevant content in radiology reports and a versatile search engine with the scale of the entire RIS-PACS collection of case material.

  15. LIMPING IN CHILDREN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santili, Cláudio; Júnior, Wilson Lino; Goiano, Ellen de Oliveira; Lins, Romero Antunes Barreto; Waisberg, Gilberto; Braga, Susana dos Reis; Akkari, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Limping in children is a common complaint at pediatric, pediatric orthopaedic offices and in emergency rooms. There are several causes for this condition, and identifying them is a challenge. The older the patient, the better the anamnesis and more detailed the physical examination will be, enabling an easier medical assessment for searching the source of the disorder. In order to make the approach easier, three age groups can and should be considered. Among infants (1 to 3 years old), diagnosis will most likely be: transitory synovitis, septic arthritis, neurological disorders (mild brain palsy (BP) and muscular dystrophy), congenital hip dislocation (CHD), varus thigh, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and neoplasias (osteoid osteoma, leukemia); in the scholar age group, between 4 and 10 years old, in addition to the diagnoses above, Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, discoid meniscus, inferior limbs discrepancy and unspecific muscular pain; in adolescents (11 to 15 years old): slipped capital femoral epiphysis, congenital hip dislocation, chondrolysis, overuse syndromes, dissecans osteochondritis, and tarsal coalition. The purpose of this study is to provide an update on how to approach pediatric patients presenting with limping, and to discuss its potential causes. PMID:27022509

  16. Orbital Osteoma With Gaze-Evoked Amaurosis%眶骨瘤伴凝视诱发黑蒙

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Patrick Sibony; Maisie Shindo

    2005-01-01

    1例54岁 女性,右眼反复发作无痛性凝视诱发黑蒙3个月。在右眼外转20秒内,视野很快由周边向中心缩小。当恢复到第一眼位时,其视功能在30秒内又恢复正常。有鼻窦病史而无其他病史。

  17. 腭部外周性骨瘤1例%Peripheral Osteoma in Palate:case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志军; 赵京华; 郝晋

    2008-01-01

    颌面部骨瘤是由分化成熟的骨组织构成的良性肿瘤,发生于骨膜内层骨母细胞,由成骨性纤维组织、成骨细胞及所产生的新生骨组成。发生于上腭部的外周性骨瘤比较罕见,我科经治1例,报告如下。

  18. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Osteomas of Frontal Sinus%鼻内窥镜下额窦骨瘤手术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春光; 许萍

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨额窦骨瘤的手术方式及适应证.方法 分析7例额窦骨瘤手术病例中骨瘤的位置、大小和手术方式.结果 7例病例均顺利经鼻内窥镜手术切除.结论 额窦骨瘤位于额窦眼眶内外侧缘中垂直面以内,基底呈蒂状,大小可通过额窦口,且额隐窝宽敞者可经鼻内窥镜手术切除,较大的额窦骨瘤宜采用鼻外进路.

  19. Primary osteoma cutis-A Case Report%原发性皮肤骨瘤1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊翌明; 李顺凡; 吴志华

    2001-01-01

    报道1例原发性皮肤骨瘤.女性患者,38岁.右小腿伸侧蚕豆大小圆形皮内结节,质硬,无压痛.血清钙磷水平正常.组织病理检查显示真皮内纤维性骨小梁形成及钙盐沉着.

  20. Benign ear cyst or tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osteomas; Exostoses; Tumor - ear; Cysts - ear; Ear cysts; Ear tumors; Bony tumor of the ear canal ... bony tumors of the ear canal (exostoses and osteomas) are caused by excess growth of bone. Repeated ...

  1. 颈椎骨样骨瘤的诊断与手术治疗%Osteoid osteonla of the cervical spine :diagnosis and surgical strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦峰; 赵旻暐; 姜亮; 刘晓光; 马庆军; 党耕町; 刘忠军

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨颈椎骨样骨瘤的诊断及手术治疗效果.方法:1999年12月~2008年6月我院手术治疗颈椎骨样骨瘤患者6例,男、女各3例,年龄7~37岁,平均17.8岁.均有颈痛,伴斜颈畸形2例,上肢放射性疼痛及麻木3例.颈椎X线平片仅2例发现病灶.均行颈椎CT扫描显示肿瘤为局部膨胀性病变、低密度或不均密度,伴有边缘硬化.4例患者行核索骨扫描检查,病损均有放射性浓聚.寰椎侧块1例;下颈椎5例,其中C5 1例、C6 3例、C7 1例;1例累及C6椎体,其余均累及椎弓根、椎板和/或关节突等后方结构.均行手术切除肿瘤,边缘切除5例,其中后路侧块固定4例,前路椎间植骨钛板固定1例;瘤内刮除植骨1例.结果:手术时间1.5~4.5h,平均2.8h;术中出血量50~400ml,平均233ml.术后颈痛和神经根损害表现均消失,斜颈畸形得到纠正,无手术相关并发症.随访12~108个月,平均42.5个月,均无颈痛症状,末次随访时CT检查无肿瘤复发;5例内固定患者无内固定松动或断裂,其中1例术后2年拆除侧块固定;2例植骨患者植骨块均融合.结论:颈椎骨样骨瘤多发于年轻患者,除颈痛外,亦可有斜颈、神经功能受损表现;颈椎CT联合核素骨扫描检查对诊断有重要意义;有长期颈痛、神经功能受损或斜颈时应积极手术治疗,边缘切除可获得良好效果.

  2. Tumores ósseos benignos e lesões ósseas Pseudotumorais: tratamento atual e novas tendências Benign bone tumors and tumor-like bone lesions: treatment update and new trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcos Nogueira Drumond

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento dos tumores ósseos benignos (TOB e lesões ósseas pseudotumorais (LOP tem visto surgir novos medicamentos, como os bisfosfonatos de uso intravenoso, que têm mostrado bons resultados no controle das lesões da displasia fibrosa. O cisto ósseo aneurismático tem sido tratado com agentes esclerosantes com sucesso. Tratamentos adjuvantes permitem a realização de cirurgias que preservam a articulação e a função, com baixas taxas de recidiva. Têm sido mais utilizados o cimento ósseo (PMMA, o fenol, a crioterapia com nitrogênio líquido, a água oxigenada, o álcool etílico e a radioterapia. Entre os novos métodos de tratamento surgidos destaca-se a ablação térmica por radiofrequência e por laser, utilizada principalmente para tratamento do osteoma osteoide. A artroscopia permite a ressecção de lesões benignas intra-articulares e assiste na ressecção de tumores subcondrais. Um grande avanço foi a utilização de substitutos sintéticos do osso, que associam substâncias osteoindutivas com material osteocondutivo e têm apresentado resultados comparáveis aos do enxerto ósseo autógeno. Há uma tendência atual para tratamentos fechados, fazendo-se a injeção percutânea de matriz óssea desmineralizada (DBM associada com sulfato de cálcio. O enxerto ósseo esponjoso autógeno permanece como o padrão ouro. O enxerto de fíbula vascularizado apresenta os melhores resultados para incorporação em lesões maiores e agressivas. Também o suporte cortical alogênico provê resistência estrutural aumentada nessas lesões mais agressivas. O aloenxerto liofilizado tem indicação para preencher defeitos contidos e para reforço do enxerto autógeno. As endopróteses articulares são utilizadas em grandes lesões destrutivas no fêmur distal, no quadril e no ombro.The treatment of benign bone tumors (BBT and tumor-like bone lesions (TBL has observed the introduction of new drugs, such as intravenous bisphosphonates

  3. Claudicação na criança Limping in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Santili

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A claudicação na criança é uma queixa frequente nos consultórios dos pediatras, dos ortopedistas pediátricos e nos pronto-socorros. Diversas são as causas para essa condição e identificá-las torna-se um desafio. Quanto maior a idade do paciente, melhor é a coleta da anamnese e mais completo se torna o exame físico, facilitando o raciocínio médico na busca da origem do distúrbio. Para facilitar a abordagem, três grupos etários podem e devem ser considerados. No grupo etário infantil, de um aos três anos de idade, os diagnósticos mais prováveis incluem: sinovite transitória, artrite séptica, desordens neurológicas (paralisia cerebral (PC branda e distrofia muscular, displasia do desenvolvimento do quadril (DDQ, coxa vara, artrite reumatoide juvenil (ARJ e neoplasias (osteoma osteoide, leucemia; no grupo etário escolar, dos quatro aos 10 anos de idade, além dos diagnósticos acima, doença de Legg-Calvé-Perthes, menisco discoide, discrepâncias de comprimento dos membros inferiores e "dor do crescimento"; nos adolescentes, dos 11 aos 15 anos de idade: epifisiólise, DDQ, condrólise, síndromes de overuse, osteocondrite dissecante e coalizão tarsal. A proposta deste trabalho é atualizar o leitor em relação à abordagem do paciente pediátrico que apresenta claudicação e discutir as suas prováveis causas.Limping in children is a common complaint at pediatric, pediatric orthopaedic offices and in emergency rooms. There are several causes for this condition, and identifying them is a challenge. The older the patient, the better the anamnesis and more detailed the physical examination will be, enabling an easier medical assessment for searching the source of the disorder. In order to make the approach easier, three age groups can and should be considered. Among infants (1 to 3 years old, diagnosis will most likely be: transitory synovitis, septic arthritis, neurological disorders (mild brain palsy (BP and muscular

  4. Arthroscopic guided biopsy and radiofrequency thermoablation of a benign neoplasm of the tibial spines area: a treatment option

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoccali Carmine

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lesions located in the area of the tibial spines are rare. In most cases, treatment follows histological diagnosis, but when imaging and clinical data are considered to be "very" characteristic for benign lesions, such as chondroblastoma or osteoid osteoma, treatment may be performed without biopsy. Traditional curettage requires opening the joint, which presents a high risk of contamination of the joint itself and surrounding structures, such as the popliteal area, with possible contamination of the neurovascular bundle when performing curettage with the posterior approach. In this case, the re-excision of a local recurrence would be extremely difficult. Results We describe a technique using arthroscopic guidance for radiofrequency thermoablation of a benign lesion in the tibial spines area. We report on an illustrative case. The patient so treated, reported immediate relief from the pain, and after two weeks, was free of pain. The biopsy performed before the treatment confirmed the radiological diagnosis of chondroblastoma. At one year of follow-up, the patient is without pain, with a 0-130°range of motion, has no activity limitations and is apparently free of disease. Conclusion This technique allows a radiofrequency thermoablation of a lesion in the tibial spines area and in the posterior tibial surface to be performed without opening the joint, monitoring the tibial plateau surface, probably decreasing the risk of cartilage damage. Unfortunately, in the case presented, the high pressure from the arthroscopy's pump broke the tibial plateau surface creating a communication to the tibial tunnel used for thermoablation.

  5. Femoroacetabular impingement: bone marrow oedema associated with fibrocystic change of the femoral head and neck junction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, S.L.J. [Department of Radiology, RNOH Stanmore, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom) and Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: jamesslj@email.com; Connell, D.A. [Department of Radiology, RNOH Stanmore, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); O' Donnell, P. [Department of Radiology, RNOH Stanmore, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Department of Radiology, RNOH Stanmore, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2007-05-15

    Aim: To describe the association of bone marrow oedema adjacent to areas of fibrocystic change at the femoral head and neck junction in patients with femoroacetabular impingement. Materials and methods: The clinical and imaging findings in six patients with bone marrow oedema adjacent to an area of fibrocystic change at the femoral head and neck junction are presented. There were five males and one female (age range 19-42 years, mean age 34.5 years). Three patients were referred with a clinical suspicion of femoroacetabular impingement, two with suspected osteoid osteoma and one with a clinical diagnosis of sciatica. The volume of bone marrow oedema (grade 1: 0-25%, grade 2: 26-50%, grade 3: 51-75% and grade 4: 76-100% of the femoral neck width), presence of labral and articular cartilage abnormality, joint effusion, and femoral head and neck morphology were recorded. Results: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) identified fibrocystic change in the anterolateral aspect of the femoral head and neck junction in all cases (mean size 9 mm, range 5-14 mm, three multilocular and three unilocular cysts). The volume of oedema was variable (one grade 1, two grade 2, one grade 3 and two grade 4). All patients had abnormality of the anterosuperior labrum with five patients demonstrating chondral loss. An abnormal femoral head and neck junction was identified in five patients. Conclusion: The radiological finding of fibrocystic change at the anterosuperior femoral neck with or without bone marrow oedema should prompt the search for femoroacetabular impingement. Bone marrow oedema may rarely be identified adjacent to these areas of cystic change and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of bone marrow oedema in the femoral neck.

  6. The differentiation of malignant and benign musculoskeletal tumors by F-18 FDG PET/CT studies-determination of maxSUV by analysis of ROC curve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Eun Jung; Cho, Ihn Ho; Chun, Kyung Ah; Won, Kyu Chang; Lee, Hyung Woo; Choi, Jun Heok; Shin, Duk Seop [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    We evaluated the standard uptake value (SUV) of F-18 FDG at PET/CT for differentiation of benign from malignant tumor in primary musculoskeletal tumors. Forty-six tumors (11 benign and 12 malignant soft tissue tumors, 9 benign and 14 malignant bone tumors) were examined with F-18 FDG PET/CT (Discovery ST, GE) prior to tissue diagnosis. The maxSUV(maximum value of SUV) were calculated and compared between benign and malignant lesions. The lesion analysis was based on the transverse whole body image. The maxSUV with cutoff of 4.1 was used in distinguishing benign from malignant soft tissue tumor and 3.05 was used in bone tumor by ROC curve. There was a statistically significant difference in maxSUV between benign (n = 11; maxSUV 3.4 {+-} 3.2) and malignant (n = 12; maxSUV 14.8 {+-} 12.2) lesion in soft tissue tumor ({rho} = 0.001). Between benign bone tumor (n = 9; maxSUV 5.4 {+-} 4.0) and malignant bone tumor (n = 14; maxSUV 7.3 {+-} 3.2), there was not a significant difference in maxSUV. The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating malignant from benign soft tissue tumor was 83% and 91%, respectively. There were four false positive malignant bone tumor cases to include fibrous dysplasia, Langerhans-cell histiocytosis (n = 2) and osteoid osteoma. Also, one false positive case of malignant soft tissue tumor was nodular fasciitis. The maxSUV was useful for differentiation of benign from malignant lesion in primary soft tissue tumors. In bone tumor, the low maxSUV correlated well with benign lesions but high maxSUV did not always mean malignancy.

  7. Tc-99m-sestamibi scintigraphy in gaucher disease, type 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Chan H.; Pai, Moon S.; Ha, Man J.; Yoon, S. N.; Kim, S.; Whang, K. H.; Kim, Hyun J. [College of Medicine, Ajou Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-07-01

    Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by lysosomal glycolipid storage in reticuloendothelial cells due to the deficiency of lysosomal enzyme, acid-glucosidase. Type 1 is one of the three subtypes of Gaucher disease and is manifested by a chronic and progressive involvement of the spleen, liver, bone marrow and other visceral organs. This study was done to see imaging feasibility of bone marrow involvement of Gaucher cells using sestamibi. Five patients with Gaucher disease, type I (M:F=4:1, age range: 9-25) underwent a simultaneous anterior and posterior whole body scan as well as spot views of the lower extremities as needed in 10-20 min following the IV administration of 0.2 mCi/kg of Tc-99m-sestamibi. Control group consisted of 10 patients with osteosarcoma, simple bone cyst, nonossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, exostosis and neuroblastoma ( M: F=9:1, age range: 2-20, mean : 12.1) and sestamibi images of the group were obtained as in Gaucher cases. For in vitro evaluation, Gaucher cells were isolated from the splenectomy specimen. The cells were incubated in media containing sestamibi for 10, 29, 30 min. After washing the cells twice with saline, cell labeling was checked by external counting. Control group depicted no appreciable sestamibi uptake in the lower extremities while 5 patients with Gaucher disease, type I revealed variable degrees of sestamibi uptake. It was difficult to assess vertebral activities due to hepatosplenomegaly. Ioslated Gaucher cells took up sestamibi supported by an increasing external counting in proportion to incubation time. There was sestamibi uptake in the lower extremities involved by Gaucher disease, type I, which was distinctly different from the control group. Also in vitro study revealed sestamibi uptake in Gaucher cells. On the basis of these results, we believe, it may be possible to evaluate enzyme replacement therapy in Gaucher disease, type I, utilizing sestamibi scintiscan.

  8. Anti-1-Amino-3-18F-Fluorocyclobutane-1-Carboxylic Acid: Physiologic Uptake Patterns, Incidental Findings, and Variants That May Simulate Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, David M.; Nanni, Cristina; Fanti, Stefano; Oka, Shuntaro; Okudaira, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Yusuke; Sörensen, Jens; Owenius, Rikard; Choyke, Peter; Turkbey, Baris; Bogsrud, Trond V.; Bach-Gansmo, Tore; Halkar, Raghuveer K.; Nye, Jonathon A.; Odewole, Oluwaseun A.; Savir-Baruch, Bital; Goodman, Mark M.

    2016-01-01

    Anti-1-amino-3-18F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (18F-FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid analog PET radiotracer undergoing clinical trials for the evaluation of prostate and other cancers. We aimed to describe common physiologic uptake patterns, incidental findings, and variants in patients who had undergone 18F-FACBC PET. Methods Sixteen clinical trials involving 611 18F-FACBC studies from 6 centers, which included dosimetry studies on 12 healthy volunteers, were reviewed. Qualitative observations of common physiologic patterns, incidental uptake, and variants that could simulate disease were recorded and compared with similar observations in studies of the healthy volunteers. Quantitative analysis of select data and review of prior published reports and observations were also made. Results The liver and pancreas demonstrated the most intense uptake. Moderate salivary and pituitary uptake and variable mild to moderate bowel activity were commonly visualized. Moderate bone marrow and mild muscle activity were present on early images, with marrow activity decreasing and muscle activity increasing with time. Brain and lungs demonstrated activity less than blood pool. Though 18F-FACBC exhibited little renal excretion or bladder uptake during the clinically useful early imaging time window, mild to moderate activity might accumulate in the bladder and interfere with evaluation of adjacent prostate bed and seminal vesicles in 5%–10% of patients. Uptake might also occur from benign processes such as infection, inflammation, prostatic hyperplasia, and metabolically active benign bone lesions such as osteoid osteoma. Conclusion Common physiologic uptake patterns were similar to those noted in healthy volunteers. The activity in organs followed the presence of amino acid transport and metabolism described with other amino acid–based PET radiotracers. As with other PET radiotracers such as 18F-FDG, focal nonphysiologic uptake may represent incidental malignancy

  9. Initial CT-guided needle biopsy of extremity skeletal lesions: Diagnostic performance and experience of a tertiary musculoskeletal center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouh, Mohamed Ragab, E-mail: mragab73@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University (Egypt); Department of Radiology, Al-Razi Hospital, Sulibikhate 13001 (Kuwait); Abu Shady, Hamdy Mohamed, E-mail: hamdi_abushadi@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Al-Razi Hospital, Sulibikhate 13001 (Kuwait)

    2014-02-15

    Introduction: Appendicular long bones are the target for a wide spectrum of bony lesions with variable clinical presentations. Biopsy procedures are needed for subsequent proper patient's management. Most of the available literature globally assessed musculoskeletal biopsies with inclusion of repeat biopsy results. We thought to retrospectively assess the diagnostic performance of initial CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) of extremity long bone lesions in a tertiary musculoskeletal referral center. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of initial CT-guided PCNB of 49 patients who presented with extremity long bone lesions which were biopsied in our hospital during a 36 months’ time period. The diagnostic performance was assessed in terms of diagnostic yield and accuracy. Results: There were 34 males and 15 females with a mean age of 33.69 years (range from 4 to 77 years). The overall diagnostic yield of initial biopsies was 87.75% with a diagnostic accuracy of 82.85% derived from the surgically proven cases. The higher diagnostic yield was recorded with malignancy, presence of extra-osseous soft-tissue component as well as mixed and sclerotic lesions. The pathologies of the non-diagnostic biopsies included large-cell lymphoma, giant-cell tumor, langerhans cell histiocytosis, osteoid osteoma and a non-ossifying fibroma. Conclusion: Initial CT-guided PCNB in extremities’ long bones lesions showed high diagnostic performance in malignant, mixed and/or sclerotic lesions as well as lesions with extra-osseous exophytic tissue growth. Lack of extra-osseous components, benign and lytic lesions all had worse diagnostic performance.

  10. Intraoperative detection of radiolabeled compounds using a hand held gamma probe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricard, Marcel

    2001-02-01

    Scintillation cameras in Nuclear Medicine allow external detection of cancerous lesions after administration of a specific radiopharmaceutical to the patient. In some particular cases the affinity of the tracer is sufficient to consider the use of an intraoperative probe which enables the surgeon to identify radioactive tissues. A radiopharmaceutical consists of a radioisotope bound to a carrier molecule. The radioactive emissions must represent certain criteria in terms of half-life and energy to be detected during an operation. In the field of intraoperative detection radionuclides like 99mTc, 111In, 125I and 131I fall into this category. Their energy, which ranges from some 10 to 364 keV, cannot be properly detected by a single type of detector. Two technologies have been developed to yield detectors which are handy and sufficiently sensitive: semiconductor CdTe or CdZnTe to detect low energies and scintillator CsI(Tl) for higher energies. Today the intraoperative detection has been evaluated in the case of several pathologies such as osteoid osteoma, colorectal cancer, neuroblastoma, reoperation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma and localization of sentinel node in breast cancer and cutaneous melanoma. Obviously, the results obtained are not comparable from one indication to the other. Nevertheless, the surgeons have noted a considerable advantage in using the intraoperative probe in the case of neuroblastoma and thyroid surgery, especially when the reoperation is difficult or the localizations are ectopic or unusual. As regards the sentinel node, this concept represents a major new opportunity in the field of intraoperative detection and the results actually reported in the literature demonstrate that, when it is detected, elective node excision renders the staging of the disease more accurate. In conclusion, intraoperative detection supplies the surgeon with additional knowledge to be used in correlation with the patient's medical history.

  11. 埃兹蛋白在骨巨细胞瘤中的表达及意义%Expression of Ezrin and its significance in giant-cell tumor of bone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚骏; 李平生; 胡海波; 林伟龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective To detect the expression of Ezrin in giant-cell tumor of bone,and to investigate its cilincal significance. Methods 60 cases of biopsy which had been confirmed as bone giant-cell tumors in our hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were set as observation group;tumor tissues from 8 cases of reactive new bone in nonmalignant bone diseases,12 cases of osteoid osteoma and 11 cases of osteoblastoma in the corresponding period were set as control group. Protein and gene levels of Ezrin were tested with Western blotting method and real-time PCR detection,simultaneously proceeded the corresponding analysis combined with the clinical data of patients;60 cases of bone giant-cell tumor patients accepted tumor resection and pros-thesis replacement,2 courses of preoperative chemotherapy;mitochondria morphological changes of tumor tissue and Ezrin protein and genetic changes were observed before and after chemotherapy. Results In the giant-cell tumors of bone,the Ezrin protein mainly located in the cytoplasm,and its expression positive rate was much higher than that in reactive new bone of nonmalignant bone diseases(19. 7% ),osteoid osteoma(21. 2% )and osteoblastoma(20. 7% );the difference was statistically significant(χ2 = 4. 18,P = 0. 024),but no statistical difference in the Ezrin expression among the groups of osteosarcoma,osteoid osteoma and osteblastoma(χ2 =6. 18,P = 0. 087). In the giant-cell tumors of bone tissue after chemotherapy,mitochondria pyknosis and the phenomenon of liquid cavitation was less than that before the treatment,and Ezrin protein expression decreased and gene levels reduced[(23. 99 ± 1. 49)vs(20. 11 ± 1. 11),t = 5. 03,P = 0. 018)]. Conclusion The expression of Ezrin in giant-cell tumor of bone is much higher than other benign bone tumor,and it could be a biological marker for differentiating benign and malignant bone tumor. Early intervention in Ezrin may be helpful for reatment of giant-cell tumor of bone.%目的:检测埃兹

  12. 内分泌腺来源的血管内皮生长因子在脊柱肿瘤组织中的表达%Study of the expression of endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor in the spinal cord tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈学武; 杨评山; 潘光杰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship of spinal tumors and endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor( EG-VEGF) .Methods 77 cases of spinal tumors and 17 cases of vertebral compression fractures were collected.The testing group were grouped according to the pathological type of spinal tumor,the observ-ing group was consisted of vertebral compression fracture cases.The samples of various types of tumors in patients were collected during operation and the positive rate and expression of EG-VEGF mRNA were detected by RT-PCR technique,and the results of each group were statistical analysed.Results The results of relative expression of EG-VEGF mRNA in the unknown primary spinal metastases group,osteosarcoma group and chordoma group were higher, there were no statistically significant difference compared between three groups(all P>0.05).Relative expressions of that in osteoid osteoma group and giant cell tumor group were lower,so was in the observation group,there were no sig-nificant differences in three groups ( all P>0.05);The relative expressions of EG-VEGF mRNA in CUP group, osteosarcoma group and chordoma group were significantly higher than the osteoid osteoma group,with statistical sig-nificance[(0.81 ±0.21),(0.84 ±0.22),(0.79 ±0.41)vs(0.53 ±0.19),t=0.86,0.82,0.81,all P<0.05]. Similar results were also found in EG -VEGF mRNA positive expression rate in three groups.Conclusion EG-VEGF in normal spine spinal vertebrae and primary benign tumor ( osteoid osteoma,giant cell tumor) showed lower expression,which consistent with its tissue specificity,but in primary malignant spinal cancer ( osteosarcoma, chordoma) and unknown primary tumor spinal metastases showed the higher expression, indicating that it may be a measure of an important indicator of spinal cancer, and may play a key role in early diagnosis and treatment of cancer of the spine in the future.%目的:探索脊柱肿瘤与内分泌腺来源的血管内皮生长因子( EG-VEGF)的

  13. Osteogenic tumors of bone; Osteogene Tumoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jobke, B. [Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ), Abtl. Radiologie, Heidelberg (Germany); Werner, M. [MVZ des HELIOS Klinikum Emil von Behring, Orthopaedische Pathologie - Referenzzentrum, Institut fuer Gewebediagnostik Berlin, Berlin (Germany)

    2016-06-15

    Osteogenic tumors include malignant and benign tumors that produce tumor osteoid and/or bone tissue. Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor, especially in children and young adults. The entities with their characteristic morphological features are described to enable the reader to come to a diagnosis and differential diagnosis on the basis of patient age, history and predominant location of the tumor. For this review we selectively used mainly large published patient cohorts. Our own and externally published data on widely accepted tumor criteria were also compared. Detection is the initial diagnostic step for an osseous lesion, and is determined by the sensitivity of the method applied. Plain X-ray films in two planes and CT are the basics in the radiological toolkit for osteogenic tumors. For evaluation of local tumor extension and biopsy planning MRI or scintigraphy should be combined. MRI as a stand-alone diagnostic tool is insufficient. For malignant bone tumors staging should be performed, applying a variable combination of thoracic CT, MRI, scintigraphy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Osteosarcoma, along with Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma, are the most common malignant bone tumors; all sub-entities are significantly rarer. Among benign bone tumors, osteoid osteomas have the highest incidence, presenting with typical pain, location, and age predilection. Diagnostics and treatment of malignant bone tumors should preferably be performed in specialized centers because of significant therapeutic implications for patients. In uncertain cases, a second opinion should always be obtained. (orig.) [German] Osteogene Tumoren umfassen maligne und benigne Tumoren, die eine tumoreigene Produktion von Osteoid und/oder Knochengewebe aufweisen. Das Osteosarkom ist der haeufigste maligne Knochentumor v. a. bei Kindern und jungen Erwachsenen. Es werden die Entitaeten mit ihren morphologischen Charakteristika beschrieben, um anhand wichtiger

  14. Clinical and Imagenic Diagnosis of Choroidal Osteoma%脉络膜骨瘤的临床及影像学诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡善君; 唐健; 严密

    2002-01-01

    目的:探讨脉络膜骨瘤的临床及影像学表现,加深对此病的认识.方法:回顾性分析16例18只眼门诊连续就诊病人的眼底、荧光素眼底血管造影(FFA)、B超及CT检查的表现.结果:眼底检查可见肿瘤位于乳头附近或黄斑区,大小不一,呈椭圆形或不规则形,黄白色或桔红色边界清楚,但不整齐,肿瘤边缘有色素脱失.FFA在脉络膜背景荧光显现前病变区出现斑点状荧光,随着视网膜动静脉的充盈逐渐增强,晚期呈弥漫性强荧光.B超检查当声波接触到肿瘤时将出现强反射,形成回声.CT检查眼球后极部眼环上圆形、卵圆形、弧形或半环状光滑锐利的致密影.结论:CT扫描对脉络膜骨瘤的诊断价值最大,但应结合B超、眼底荧光血管造影及眼底表现才能作出正确的诊断和鉴别诊断.

  15. One Case: Tooth Osteoma of Left Inferior Nasal Mearus%左侧下鼻道牙瘤1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓斌

    2006-01-01

    患者,女,32岁。左侧鼻塞、左前额头痛半年,加重1周。来我院就诊前1周经抗炎对症治疗后无明显疗效。体检:双侧鼻腔内均无分泌物及脓液,下鼻道前部可见一大小约1.0cm×1.0cm类圆形肿块,质地较硬,活动度欠佳。

  16. Gardner's syndrome with cranial osteomas: one case report%Gardner's综合征并颅骨骨瘤1例报道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洵; 张莉

    2014-01-01

    Gardner's综合征是一个自身免疫性疾病,以结肠息肉、骨瘤和软组织的肿瘤出现为特点.对诊断为结肠息肉的46岁女性的病例,因为额骨区的骨瘤高度怀疑是Gardner's 综合征进行分析.

  17. One Case:Dentigerous Cyst of Frontal Sinus Misdiagnosis as Osteoma%额窦含牙囊肿误诊骨瘤1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉明; 朱玉光

    2002-01-01

    @@ 额窦含牙囊肿相当罕见,我院遇见1例现报告如下.1 病例介绍患者男,25岁.因鼻塞就诊,查体:左眉骨凸隆,扪之乒乓球样感,软组织及皮肤未见异常.X线平片所见:右上颌窦窦腔密度增高,均匀一致,骨性窦壁未见异常,额窦左下方见一约4.0 cm×3.0 cm团块状致密影,周围隐约可见透光区(附图).诊断:①右侧慢性上颌窦炎;②额窦骨瘤.

  18. The Study on Absorption Spectrum of Malignant Serum of Osteoma%恶性骨肿瘤血清的吸收光谱研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏玉玲; 张晓冬; 张录

    2006-01-01

    运用分光光度计对正常与恶性骨肿瘤患者的血清进行光谱检测,把这些光谱数据进行统计与分析,发现两者的差异,为医生快速确诊恶性骨肿瘤又提供了一种新的途径.

  19. Enhanced X-Ray Image of Osteomas by Multiresolution Analysis%骨肿瘤X光片的多分辨特征增强

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈少卿; 吴朝霞; 程敬之

    1999-01-01

    首先应用多分辨分析法将骨肿瘤X光片进行小波塔式分解,并根据各子图像的特性,在不损失边界信息的情况下,采用非线性函数对各子图像进行对比度增强,然后再进行重构.最后通过计算图像的信息熵将文中的方法与传统的图像增强方法进行比较,结果表明文中的方法明显优于传统的图像增强方法.

  20. Deviations in Diagnosis of 4 kinds of Osteomas%4种骨肿瘤诊断"偏差"之浅见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗永湘

    2003-01-01

    @@ 骨肿瘤的诊断难易悬殊,易者仅凭一张X线片即可作出诊断,难者虽经X线片、CT、磁共振也不易判断,被认为有最终裁定的病理学检查也会有各家纷说之叹.所以对有些较难明确诊断的骨肿瘤,初次诊断与最终诊断不相符合时,我不认为初次的诊断是误诊,应认为是诊断上的"偏差",在临床上也是屡见不鲜的.现就4个案例谈谈笔者的浅见.