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Sample records for neumann stability analysis

  1. Von Neumann stability analysis of globally divergence-free RKDG schemes for the induction equation using multidimensional Riemann solvers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balsara, Dinshaw S.; Käppeli, Roger

    2017-05-01

    In this paper we focus on the numerical solution of the induction equation using Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin (RKDG)-like schemes that are globally divergence-free. The induction equation plays a role in numerical MHD and other systems like it. It ensures that the magnetic field evolves in a divergence-free fashion; and that same property is shared by the numerical schemes presented here. The algorithms presented here are based on a novel DG-like method as it applies to the magnetic field components in the faces of a mesh. (I.e., this is not a conventional DG algorithm for conservation laws.) The other two novel building blocks of the method include divergence-free reconstruction of the magnetic field and multidimensional Riemann solvers; both of which have been developed in recent years by the first author. Since the method is linear, a von Neumann stability analysis is carried out in two-dimensions to understand its stability properties. The von Neumann stability analysis that we develop in this paper relies on transcribing from a modal to a nodal DG formulation in order to develop discrete evolutionary equations for the nodal values. These are then coupled to a suitable Runge-Kutta timestepping strategy so that one can analyze the stability of the entire scheme which is suitably high order in space and time. We show that our scheme permits CFL numbers that are comparable to those of traditional RKDG schemes. We also analyze the wave propagation characteristics of the method and show that with increasing order of accuracy the wave propagation becomes more isotropic and free of dissipation for a larger range of long wavelength modes. This makes a strong case for investing in higher order methods. We also use the von Neumann stability analysis to show that the divergence-free reconstruction and multidimensional Riemann solvers are essential algorithmic ingredients of a globally divergence-free RKDG-like scheme. Numerical accuracy analyses of the RKDG

  2. Stabilization of a scroll ring by a cylindrical Neumann boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulau, P V; Löber, J; Engel, H

    2013-12-01

    We study the interaction of phase singularities with homogeneous Neumann boundaries in one, two, and three spatial dimensions for the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. The existence of a boundary-induced drift attractor, well known for spiral waves in two spatial dimensions, is demonstrated for scroll waves in three spatial dimensions. We find that a cylindrical Neumann boundary can lock a scroll ring, thus preventing the collapse of its closed filament.

  3. Stability estimates for the anisotropic wave equation from the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map

    OpenAIRE

    Bellassoued, Mourad; Ferreira, David Dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    In this article we seek stability estimates in the inverse problem of determining the potential or the velocity in a wave equation in an anisotropic medium from measured Neumann boundary observations. This information is enclosed in the dynamical Dirichlet-to-Neumann map associated to the wave equation. We prove in dimension $n\\geq 2$ that the knowledge of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map for the wave equation uniquely determines the electric potential and we prove H\\"older-type stability in dete...

  4. von-Neumann stability and singularity resolution in loop quantized Schwarzschild black hole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonika, Alec; Khanna, Gaurav; Singh, Parampreet

    2018-02-01

    Though loop quantization of several spacetimes has exhibited existence of a bounce via an explicit evolution of states using numerical simulations, the question about the way central singularity is resolved in the black hole interior has remained open. The quantum Hamiltonian constraint in loop quantization turns out to be a finite difference equation whose stability is important to understand to gain insights on the viability of the underlying quantization and resulting physical implications. We take first steps towards addressing these issues for a loop quantization of the Schwarzschild interior recently given by Corichi and Singh. Von-Neumann stability analysis is performed using separability of solutions as well as a full two dimensional quantum difference equation. This results in a stability condition for black holes which have a very large mass compared to the Planck mass. For black holes of smaller masses evidence of numerical instability is found. In addition, stability analysis for macroscopic black holes leads to a constraint on the choice of the allowed states in numerical evolution. States which are not sharply peaked in accordance with this constraint result in instabilities. With the caveat of using kinematical norm, sharply peaked Gaussian states are evolved using the quantum difference equation and singularity resolution is obtained. A bounce is found for one of the triad variables, but for the other triad variable singularity resolution amounts to a non-singular passage through the zero volume. States are found to be peaked at the classical trajectory for a long time before and after the singularity resolution, and retain their semi-classical character across the zero volume. Our main result is that quantum bounce occurs in loop quantized Schwarzschild interior at least for macroscopic black holes. Instability of small black holes which can be a result of using kinematical norm nevertheless signifies the need of further understanding of the

  5. Stability estimate for the aligned magnetic field in a periodic quantum waveguide from Dirichlet-to-Neumann map

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mejri, Youssef, E-mail: josef-bizert@hotmail.fr [Aix Marseille Universite, Toulon Universite, CNRS, CPT, Marseille (France); Dép. des Mathématiques, Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte, 7021 Jarzouna (Tunisia); Laboratoire de Modélisation Mathématique et Numérique dans les Sciences de l’Ingénieur, ENIT BP 37, Le Belvedere, 1002 Tunis (Tunisia)

    2016-06-15

    In this article, we study the boundary inverse problem of determining the aligned magnetic field appearing in the magnetic Schrödinger equation in a periodic quantum cylindrical waveguide, by knowledge of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. We prove a Hölder stability estimate with respect to the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map, by means of the geometrical optics solutions of the magnetic Schrödinger equation.

  6. On stability of difference schemes for hyperbolic multipoint NBVP with Neumann conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Ozgur; Uzun, Meltem

    2016-08-01

    In this work, a multipoint nonlocal boundary value problem (NBVP) for hyperbolic equations with Neumann conditions is considered. Third and fourth order of accuracy stable difference schemes for solving this problem are presented. Efficiency of these schemes are tested via MATLAB implementation.

  7. Stability of Difference Schemes for Fractional Parabolic PDE with the Dirichlet-Neumann Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafer Cakir

    2012-01-01

    boundary conditions are presented. Stability estimates and almost coercive stability estimates with ln (1/(+|ℎ| for the solution of these difference schemes are obtained. A procedure of modified Gauss elimination method is used for solving these difference schemes of one-dimensional fractional parabolic partial differential equations.

  8. John von Neumann Birthday Centennial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grcar, Joseph F.

    2004-11-12

    In celebration of John von Neumann's 100th birthday, a series of four lectures were presented on the evening of February 10, 2003 during the SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering in San Diego. The venue was appropriate because von Neumann spent much of the later part of his life, in the 1950's, as an unofficial ambassador for computational science. He was then the only senior American scientist who had experience with the new computers (digital, electronic, and programmable) and a vision of their future importance. No doubt he would have relished the chance to attend a meeting such as this. The first speaker, William Aspray, described the ''interesting times'' during which computers were invented. His remarks were based on his history [1] of this period in von Neumann's life. We were honored to have John von Neumann's daughter, Marina von Neumann-Whitman, as our second speaker. Other accounts of von Neumann's life can be found in books by two of his colleagues [2] and [3]. Our third speaker, Peter Lax, provided both mathematical and international perspectives on John von Neumann's career. Finally, Pete Stewart spoke about von Neumann's numerical error analysis [4] in the context of later work; this talk did not lend itself to transcription, but readers may consult the historical notes in [5]. Our thanks to all the speakers for a remarkable evening. We are grateful to the DOE Applied Mathematical Sciences (AMS) program for partially supporting these lectures. Thanks are also due to SIAM and William Kolata, to our emcee, Gene Golub, to Paul Saylor for recording and editing, and to Barbara Lytle for the transcriptions. More about von Neumann's work can be learned from the recent American Mathematical Society proceedings [6].

  9. Optimal stability for a first order coefficient in a non-self-adjoint wave equation from Dirichlet-to-Neumann map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellassoued, Mourad; Ben Aïcha, Ibtissem

    2017-10-01

    This paper is focused on the study of an inverse problem for a non-self-adjoint hyperbolic equation. More precisely, we attempt to stably recover a first order coefficient appearing in a wave equation from the knowledge of Neumann boundary data. We show in dimension n greater than two, a stability estimate of Hölder type for the inverse problem under consideration. The proof involves the reduction to an auxiliary inverse problem for an electro-magnetic wave equation and the use of an appropriate Carleman estimate.

  10. Coupling Neumann development and component mode synthesis methods for stochastic analysis of random structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Driss Sarsri

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a method to calculate the first two moments (mean and variance of the structural dynamics response of a structure with uncertain variables and subjected to random excitation. For this, Newmark method is used to transform the equation of motion of the structure into a quasistatic equilibrium equation in the time domain. The Neumann development method was coupled with Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the statistical values of the random response. The use of modal synthesis methods can reduce the dimensions of the model before integration of the equation of motion. Numerical applications have been developed to highlight effectiveness of the method developed to analyze the stochastic response of large structures.

  11. The Neumann compendium

    CERN Document Server

    Bródy, F

    1995-01-01

    After three decades since the first nearly complete edition of John von Neumann's papers, this book is a valuable selection of those papers and excerpts of his books that are most characteristic of his activity, and reveal that of his continuous influence.The results receiving the 1994 Nobel Prizes in economy deeply rooted in Neumann's game theory are only minor traces of his exceptionally broad spectrum of creativity and stimulation.The book is organized by the specific subjects-quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, operator algebra, hydrodynamics, economics, computers, science and society. In a

  12. The Law as an Instrument of Power of Nazism: An Analysis From the Criticism of Franz Neumann

    OpenAIRE

    Andrighetto, Aline; Adamatti, Bianka

    2017-01-01

    Throughout history, it has been verified that the law has been used as an object of favoring the dominant groups. In National Socialism, legislation assumes the will of the Führer, and is filled with general clauses, discretionary acts and discriminatory measures. Franz Neumann for having lived the period, was dedicated to criticize several pillars of the structure of the Nazi regime, however in this work only the legal aspect will be approached. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate th...

  13. A New Generalization of von Neumann Relative Entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Cao, Huaixin

    2017-11-01

    In quantum information, von Neumann relative entropy has a great applications and operational interpretations in diverse fields, and von Neumann entropy is an important tool for describing the uncertainty of a quantum state. In this paper, we generalize the classical von Neumann relative entropy S( ρ|| σ) and von Neumann entropy S( ρ) to f-von Neumann relative entropy \\widetilde {S}f(ρ ||σ ) and f-von Neumann entropy \\widetilde {S}f(ρ ) induced by a logarithm-like function f, respectively, and explore their properties. We prove that \\widetilde {S}f(ρ ||σ ) is nonnegative and then prove that \\widetilde {S}f(ρ ) has nonnegativity, boundedness, concavity, subadditivity and so on. Later, we show the stability and continuity of the \\widetilde {S}f(ρ ) with respect to the trace distance. In the case that f( x) = -log x, the resulted entropies reduce the classical von Neumann relative entropy and von Neumann entropy, respectively. This means that our results extend the usual results to a more general setting and then have some potential applications in quantum information.

  14. Numerical solution to inverse elliptic problem with Neumann type overdetermination and mixed boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charyyar Ashyralyyev

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the numerical solution of inverse problems for the multidimensional elliptic equation with Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions and Neumann type overdetermination. We present first and second order accuracy difference schemes. The stability and almost coercive stability inequalities for the solution are obtained. Numerical examples with explanation on the implementation illustrate the theoretical results.

  15. A Duality Approach for the Boundary Variation of Neumann Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucur, Dorin; Varchon, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    In two dimensions, we study the stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Neumann boundary conditions for nonsmooth perturbations of the geometric domain. Using harmonic conjugates, we relate this problem to the shape stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Dirichlet...

  16. A duality approach or the boundary variation of Neumann problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucur, D.; Varchon, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    In two dimensions, we study the stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Neumann boundary conditions for nonsmooth perturbations of the geometric domain. Using harmonic conjugates, we relate this problem to the shape stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Dirichlet...

  17. Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Franklin, Jerrold

    2012-01-01

    Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions have been considered in Math Physics and Electromagnetism textbooks, but special constraints and other properties required for Neumann boundary conditions have generally not been noticed or treated correctly. In this paper, we derive an appropriate Neumann Green's function with these constraints and properties incorporated.

  18. John von Neumann selected letters

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    John von Neuman was perhaps the most influential mathematician of the twentieth century, especially if his broad influence outside mathematics is included. Not only did he contribute to almost all branches of mathematics and created new fields, but he also changed post-World War II history with his work on the design of computers and with being a sought-after technical advisor to many figures in the U.S. military-political establishment in the 1940s and 1950s. The present volume is the first substantial collection of (previously mainly unpublished) letters written by von Neumann to colleagues, friends, government officials, and others. The letters give us a glimpse of the thinking of John von Neumann about mathematics, physics, computer science, science management, education, consulting, politics, and war. Readers of quite diverse backgrounds will find much of interest in this fascinating first-hand look at one of the towering figures of twentieth century science.

  19. Linear and nonlinear Stability analysis for finite difference discretizations of higher order Boussinesq equations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuhrmann, David R.; Bingham, Harry B.; Madsen, Per A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper considers a method of lines stability analysis for finite difference discretizations of a recently published Boussinesq method for the study of highly nonlinear and extremely dispersive water waves. The analysis demonstrates the near-equivalence of classical linear Fourier (von Neumann......) techniques with matrix-based methods for formulations in both one and two horizontal dimensions. The matrix-based method is also extended to show the local de-stabilizing effects of the nonlinear terms, as well as the stabilizing effects of numerical dissipation. A comparison of the relative stability...... of rotational and irrotational formulations in two horizontal dimensions provides evidence that the irrotational formulation has significantly better stability properties when the deep-water nonlinearity is high, particularly on refined grids. Computation of matrix pseudospectra shows that the system is only...

  20. Approximate solution for an inverse problem of multidimensional elliptic equation with multipoint nonlocal and Neumann boundary conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Charyyar Ashyralyyev; Gulzipa Akyuz; Mutlu Dedeturk

    2017-01-01

    In this work, we consider an inverse elliptic problem with Bitsadze-Samarskii type multipoint nonlocal and Neumann boundary conditions. We construct the first and second order of accuracy difference schemes (ADSs) for problem considered. We stablish stability and coercive stability estimates for solutions of these difference schemes. Also, we give numerical results for overdetermined elliptic problem with multipoint Bitsadze-Samarskii type nonlocal and Neumann boundary...

  1. Stability analysis of ferrofluids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Duda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIOs are used as tracer for the new imaging technique Magnetic Particle Imaging. The stability of ferrofluids for medical application has a great importance, in addition to the particle size. The shell material, which protects the iron core prior from agglomeration and sedimentation, can be degraded by various processes. Another important aspect of stability is the constant performance of magnetisation. Therefore, the measurement of the magnetisation of the particles must be controlled in order to ensure the stability of the samples.

  2. Stability Analysis of Hybrid ALOHA

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    Wang Huahui

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We perform stability analysis of a recently proposed MAC protocol, hybrid ALOHA, based on the multipacket reception (MPR model. Hybrid ALOHA distinguishes from conventional slotted ALOHA by allowing conditional collision-free channel estimation and simultaneous transmissions, and hence improves the MPR capability of the system. The stability analysis of the two-user case ( has been conducted in our previous work. In this paper, we study the stability region of hybrid ALOHA for the general N-user ( system. By using the method of stochastic dominance and mathematical induction, we obtain the sufficient condition for the stability of hybrid ALOHA. As an illustration, we characterize the stability inner bounds for the case. In this particular situation, the results are derived by solving a nonhomogeneous Riemann-Hilbert problem. Potentially, the mathematical tools used in this paper can be exploited for obtaining closed-form results in stability analysis of wireless networks.

  3. Liouville-von Neumann molecular dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakowski, Jacek; Morokuma, Keiji

    2009-06-14

    We present a novel first principles molecular dynamics scheme, called Liouville-von Neumann molecular dynamics, based on Liouville-von Neumann equation for density matrices propagation and Magnus expansion of the time-evolution operator. The scheme combines formally accurate quantum propagation of electrons represented via density matrices and a classical propagation of nuclei. The method requires a few iterations per each time step where the Fock operator is formed and von Neumann equation is integrated. The algorithm (a) is free of constraint and fictitious parameters, (b) avoids diagonalization of the Fock operator, and (c) can be used in the case of fractional occupation as in metallic systems. The algorithm is very stable, and has a very good conservation of energy even in cases when a good quality conventional Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics trajectories is difficult to obtain. Test simulations include initial phase of fullerene formation from gaseous C(2) and retinal system.

  4. Linear and non-linear stability analysis for finite difference discretizations of high-order Boussinesq equations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuhrman, David R.; Bingham, Harry B.; Madsen, Per A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper considers a method of lines stability analysis for finite difference discretizations of a recently published Boussinesq method for the study of highly non-linear and extremely dispersive water waves. The analysis demonstrates the near-equivalence of classical linear Fourier (von Neumann......) techniques with matrix-based methods for formulations in both one and two horizontal dimensions. The matrix-based method is also extended to show the local de-stabilizing effects of the non-linear terms, as well as the stabilizing effects of numerical dissipation. A comparison of the relative stability...... of rotational and irrotational formulations in two horizontal dimensions provides evidence that the irrotational formulation has significantly better stability properties when the deep-water non-linearity is high, particularly on refined grids. Computation of matrix pseudospectra shows that the system is only...

  5. Measurements and von Neumann projection/collapse

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    unwanted superpositions of (system + apparatus)-states can be shown to be suppressed, leading eventually to the projection/collapse rule postulated in von Neumann's treatment of measurements [3]. In the next section, the measurement problem in quantum mechanics (QM) is recalled. In §3, some proposed improvements ...

  6. Baltimaade kunstiajaloo isa : Wilhelm Neumann 150 / Jevgeni Kaljundi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljundi, Jevgeni, 1931-2011

    1999-01-01

    Wilhelm Neumann ئ iseõppija. Riias: ilmunud uurimused, töö oma projekti järgi ehitatud Läti kunstimuuseumi direktorina. Neumanni vaid Eesti kunstipärandit käsitlevad uurimused. Neumann ئ muinsuskaitsetegevuse algataja Baltimaadel, tema töid muinsuskaitse alal Eestis. W. Neumann arhitektina

  7. Spectral theory and quotients in Von Neumann algebras | West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this note we consider to what extent the functional calculus and the spectral theory in von Neumann algebras are preserved by the taking of quotients relative to two-sided ideals of the von Neumann algebra. Keywords:von Neumann algebra, functional calculus, spectral theory, quotient algebras. Quaestiones ...

  8. A domain decomposition preconditioner of Neumann-Neumann type for the Stokes equations

    OpenAIRE

    Dolean, Victorita; Nataf, Frédéric; Rapin, Gerd

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we recall a new domain decomposition method for the Stokes problem obtained via the Smith factorization. From the theoretical point of view, this domain decomposition method is optimal in the sense that it converges in two iterations for a decomposition into two equal domains. Previous results illustrated the fast convergence of the proposed algorithm in some cases. Our algorithm has shown a more robust behavior than Neumann- Neumann or FETI type methods for particular decomposi...

  9. Approximate solution of fourth order differential equation in Neumann problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalil Rashidinia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Generalized solution on Neumann problem of the fourth order ordinary differential equation in space $ W^{2}_{\\alpha} (0, b $  has been discussed , we obtain the condition on B.V.P when the solution is in classical form. Formulation of Quintic Spline Function has been derived and  the consistency  relations are given.Numerical method,based on Quintic spline approximation has been developed .Spline solution of the given problem  has been considered   for a certain value of $\\alpha.$ Error analysis of the spline method is given and it has been tested by an example

  10. Stability analysis of nonlinear systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lakshmikantham, Vangipuram; Martynyuk, Anatoly A

    2015-01-01

    The book investigates stability theory in terms of two different measure, exhibiting the advantage of employing families of Lyapunov functions and treats the theory of a variety of inequalities, clearly bringing out the underlying theme. It also demonstrates manifestations of the general Lyapunov method, showing how this technique can be adapted to various apparently diverse nonlinear problems. Furthermore it discusses the application of theoretical results to several different models chosen from real world phenomena, furnishing data that is particularly relevant for practitioners. Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems is an invaluable single-sourse reference for industrial and applied mathematicians, statisticians, engineers, researchers in the applied sciences, and graduate students studying differential equations.

  11. A Neumann boundary term for gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Chethan; Raju, Avinash

    2017-05-01

    The Gibbons-Hawking-York (GHY) boundary term makes the Dirichlet problem for gravity well-defined, but no such general term seems to be known for Neumann boundary conditions. In this paper, we view Neumann not as fixing the normal derivative of the metric (“velocity”) at the boundary, but as fixing the functional derivative of the action with respect to the boundary metric (“momentum”). This leads directly to a new boundary term for gravity: the trace of the extrinsic curvature with a specific dimension-dependent coefficient. In three dimensions, this boundary term reduces to a “one-half” GHY term noted in the literature previously, and we observe that our action translates precisely to the Chern-Simons action with no extra boundary terms. In four dimensions, the boundary term vanishes, giving a natural Neumann interpretation to the standard Einstein-Hilbert action without boundary terms. We argue that in light of AdS/CFT, ours is a natural approach for defining a “microcanonical” path integral for gravity in the spirit of the (pre-AdS/CFT) work of Brown and York.

  12. Stability analysis of ecomorphodynamic equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bärenbold, F.; Crouzy, B.; Perona, P.

    2016-02-01

    In order to shed light on the influence of riverbed vegetation on river morphodynamics, we perform a linear stability analysis on a minimal model of vegetation dynamics coupled with classical one- and two-dimensional Saint-Venant-Exner equations of morphodynamics. Vegetation is modeled as a density field of rigid, nonsubmerged cylinders and affects flow via a roughness change. Furthermore, vegetation is assumed to develop following a logistic dependence and may be uprooted by flow. First, we perform the stability analysis of the reduced one-dimensional framework. As a result of the competitive interaction between vegetation growth and removal through uprooting, we find a domain in the parameter space where originally straight rivers are unstable toward periodic longitudinal patterns. For realistic values of the sediment transport parameter, the dominant longitudinal wavelength is determined by the parameters of the vegetation model. Bed topography is found to adjust to the spatial pattern fixed by vegetation. Subsequently, the stability analysis is repeated for the two-dimensional framework, where the system may evolve toward alternate or multiple bars. On a fixed bed, we find instability toward alternate bars due to flow-vegetation interaction, but no multiple bars. Both alternate and multiple bars are present on a movable, vegetated bed. Finally, we find that the addition of vegetation to a previously unvegetated riverbed favors instability toward alternate bars and thus the development of a single course rather than braiding.

  13. Von-Neumann and Beyond: Memristor Architectures

    KAUST Repository

    Naous, Rawan

    2017-05-01

    An extensive reliance on technology, an abundance of data, and increasing processing requirements have imposed severe challenges on computing and data processing. Moreover, the roadmap for scaling electronic components faces physical and reliability limits that hinder the utilization of the transistors in conventional systems and promotes the need for faster, energy-efficient, and compact nano-devices. This work thus capitalizes on emerging non-volatile memory technologies, particularly the memristor for steering novel design directives. Moreover, aside from the conventional deterministic operation, a temporal variability is encountered in the devices functioning. This inherent stochasticity is addressed as an enabler for endorsing the stochastic electronics field of study. We tackle this approach of design by proposing and verifying a statistical approach to modelling the stochastic memristors behaviour. This mode of operation allows for innovative computing designs within the approximate computing and beyond Von-Neumann domains. In the context of approximate computing, sacrificing functional accuracy for the sake of energy savings is proposed based on inherently stochastic electronic components. We introduce mathematical formulation and probabilistic analysis for Boolean logic operators and correspondingly incorporate them into arithmetic blocks. Gate- and system-level accuracy of operation is presented to convey configurability and the different effects that the unreliability of the underlying memristive components has on the intermediary and overall output. An image compression application is presented to reflect the efficiency attained along with the impact on the output caused by the relative precision quantification. In contrast, in neuromorphic structures the memristors variability is mapped onto abstract models of the noisy and unreliable brain components. In one approach, we propose using the stochastic memristor as an inherent source of variability in

  14. Standing in the gap: ref lections on translating the Jung-Neumann correspondence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Heather

    2016-04-01

    This paper considers the experience of translating the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann as part of the Philemon series. The translator explores the similarities between analytical work and the task of translation by means of the concepts of the dialectical third and the interactional field. The history and politics of the translation of analytic writing and their consequences for the lingua franca of analysis are discussed. Key themes within the correspondence are outlined, including Jung and Neumann's pre-war exploration of Judaism and the unconscious, the post-war difficulties around the publication of Neumann's Depth Psychology and a New Ethic set against the early years of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, and the development of the correspondents' relationship over time. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  15. Stability analysis using SDSA tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetzendorf-Grabowski, Tomasz; Mieszalski, Dawid; Marcinkiewicz, Ewa

    2011-11-01

    The SDSA (Simulation and Dynamic Stability Analysis) application is presented as a tool for analysing the dynamic characteristics of the aircraft just in the conceptual design stage. SDSA is part of the CEASIOM (Computerized Environment for Aircraft Synthesis and Integrated Optimization Methods) software environment which was developed within the SimSAC (Simulating Aircraft Stability And Control Characteristics for Use in Conceptual Design) project, funded by the European Commission 6th Framework Program. SDSA can also be used as stand alone software, and integrated with other design and optimisation systems using software wrappers. This paper focuses on the main functionalities of SDSA and presents both computational and free flight experimental results to compare and validate the presented software. Two aircraft are considered, the EADS Ranger 2000 and the Warsaw University designed PW-6 glider. For the two cases considered here the SDSA software is shown to be an excellent tool for predicting dynamic characteristics of an aircraft.

  16. Approximate solution for an inverse problem of multidimensional elliptic equation with multipoint nonlocal and Neumann boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charyyar Ashyralyyev

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we consider an inverse elliptic problem with Bitsadze-Samarskii type multipoint nonlocal and Neumann boundary conditions. We construct the first and second order of accuracy difference schemes (ADSs for problem considered. We stablish stability and coercive stability estimates for solutions of these difference schemes. Also, we give numerical results for overdetermined elliptic problem with multipoint Bitsadze-Samarskii type nonlocal and Neumann boundary conditions in two and three dimensional test examples. Numerical results are carried out by MATLAB program and brief explanation on the realization of algorithm is given.

  17. Minimizing the condition number of integral operator in elastic Neumann problem using the modified fundamental solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahli, B.; Bencheikh, L.

    2010-11-01

    The question of non-uniqueness in boundary integral equation formulations of exterior Neumann boundary-value problem in elasticity can be resolved by seeking the solution in the form of a single-layer potential. We present an analysis of the appropriate choice of the multipole coefficients which is optimal in the sense of minimizing the condition number of the boundary integral operator.

  18. Von Neumann's quantization of general relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbuzov, A. B.; Cherny, A. Yu.; Cirilo-Lombardo, D. J.; Nazmitdinov, R. G.; Han, Nguyen Suan; Pavlov, A. E.; Pervushin, V. N.; Zakharov, A. F.

    2017-05-01

    Von Neumann's procedure is applied to quantizing general relativity. Initial data for dynamical variables in the Planck epoch, where the Hubble parameter value coincided with the Planck mass are quantized. These initial data are defined in terms of the Fock orthogonal simplex in the tangent Minkowski spacetime and the Dirac conformal interval. The Einstein cosmological principle is used to average the logarithm of the determinant of the spatial metric over the spatial volume of the visible Universe. The splitting of general coordinate transformations into diffeomorphisms and transformations of the initial data is introduced. In accordance with von Neumann's procedure, the vacuum state is treated is a quantum ensemble that is degenerate in quantum numbers of nonvacuum states. The distribution of the vacuum state leads to the Casimir effect in gravidynamics in just the same way as in electrodynamics. The generating functional for perturbation theory in gravidynamics is found by solving the quantum energy constraint. The applicability range of gravidynamics is discussed along with the possibility of employing this theory to interpret modern observational data.

  19. Well-posedness of fractional parabolic differential and difference equations with Dirichlet-Neumann conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allaberen Ashyralyev

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We study initial-boundary value problems for fractional parabolic equations with the Dirichlet-Neumann conditions. We obtain a stable difference schemes for this problem, and obtain theorems on coercive stability estimates for the solution of the first order of accuracy difference scheme. A procedure of modified Gauss elimination method is applied for the solution of the first and second order of accuracy difference schemes of one-dimensional fractional parabolic differential equations.

  20. An accurate von Neumann's law for three-dimensional foams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Koehler, Stephan A.; Stone, Howard A.

    2001-01-01

    The diffusive coarsening of 2D soap froths is governed by von Neumann's law. A statistical version of this law for dry 3D foams has long been conjectured. A new derivation, based on a theorem by Minkowski, yields an explicit analytical von Neumann's law in 3D which is in very good agreement with

  1. Minimum Moduli in Von Neumann Algebras | Gopalraj | Quaestiones ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Minimum Moduli in Von Neumann Algebras. Perumal Gopalraj, Anton Ströh. Abstract. In this paper we answer a question raised in [12] in the affirmative, namely that the essential minimum modulus of an element in a von. Neumann algebra, relative to any norm closed two-sided ideal, is equal to the minimum modulus of the ...

  2. The role of an L_2(Omega­-energy estimate in the theories of uniform stabilization and exact controllability for Schrödinger equations with Neumann boundary control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Triggiani

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with (linear Schrödinger equations, of very general form, which are defined on a bounded domain ­ Omega subset R^n. With focus on these dynamics, we shall then discuss and analyze the specific and foundational topic of a-priori energy identities, with the goal of deriving control-theoretic implications. These will include the issue of optimal regularity, as well as the problems of exact controllability (by open loop controls and of uniform stabilization (by closed loop feedback controls.

  3. Von Neumann's impossibility proof: Mathematics in the service of rhetorics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieks, Dennis

    2017-11-01

    According to what has become a standard history of quantum mechanics, in 1932 von Neumann persuaded the physics community that hidden variables are impossible as a matter of principle, after which leading proponents of the Copenhagen interpretation put the situation to good use by arguing that the completeness of quantum mechanics was undeniable. This state of affairs lasted, so the story continues, until Bell in 1966 exposed von Neumann's proof as obviously wrong. The realization that von Neumann's proof was fallacious then rehabilitated hidden variables and made serious foundational research possible again. It is often added in recent accounts that von Neumann's error had been spotted almost immediately by Grete Hermann, but that her discovery was of no effect due to the dominant Copenhagen Zeitgeist. We shall attempt to tell a story that is more historically accurate and less ideologically charged. Most importantly, von Neumann never claimed to have shown the impossibility of hidden variables tout court, but argued that hidden-variable theories must possess a structure that deviates fundamentally from that of quantum mechanics. Both Hermann and Bell appear to have missed this point; moreover, both raised unjustified technical objections to the proof. Von Neumann's argument was basically that hidden-variables schemes must violate the ;quantum principle; that physical quantities are to be represented by operators in a Hilbert space. As a consequence, hidden-variables schemes, though possible in principle, necessarily exhibit a certain kind of contextuality. As we shall illustrate, early reactions to Bohm's theory are in agreement with this account. Leading physicists pointed out that Bohm's theory has the strange feature that pre-existing particle properties do not generally reveal themselves in measurements, in accordance with von Neumann's result. They did not conclude that the ;impossible was done; and that von Neumann had been shown wrong.

  4. Nash y von Neumann: mundos posibles y juegos de lenguaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salazar , Boris

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo emplea las nociones de juego de lenguaje y de equivalencia entre juegos para examinar la decisión de John Nash de no jugar el juego coalicional que propuso John von Neumann. El argumento central es que Nash concibió una clase de mundos posibles incompatible con la de von Neumann, y que en el origen de esa divergencia estarían sus distintas nociones de racionalidad.

  5. Power system stability modelling, analysis and control

    CERN Document Server

    Sallam, Abdelhay A

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the subject from both a physical and mathematical perspective and covers a range of topics including modelling, computation of load flow in the transmission grid, stability analysis under both steady-state and disturbed conditions, and appropriate controls to enhance stability.

  6. Stability Analysis of the Embankment Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.S. Gopalakrishna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In analysis of embankment model affected by dynamic force, employment of shaking table is a scientific way in assessment of earthquake behavior. This work focused on saturated loose sandy foundation and enbankment. The results generated through the pore pressure sensors indicated pore water pressure playing main role in creation of liquefaction and stability of the system, and also revealed deformation, settlement, liquefaction intensity and time stability of system in direct correlation with the strength and characteristics of soil. One of the economical methods in stabilization of soil foundation is improvement of some part soil foundation.

  7. Stability analysis of free piston Stirling engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bégot, Sylvie; Layes, Guillaume; Lanzetta, François; Nika, Philippe

    2013-03-01

    This paper presents a stability analysis of a free piston Stirling engine. The model and the detailed calculation of pressures losses are exposed. Stability of the machine is studied by the observation of the eigenvalues of the model matrix. Model validation based on the comparison with NASA experimental results is described. The influence of operational and construction parameters on performance and stability issues is exposed. The results show that most parameters that are beneficial for machine power seem to induce irregular mechanical characteristics with load, suggesting that self-sustained oscillations could be difficult to maintain and control.

  8. Stability analysis of zigzag boron nitride nanoribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, Hari Mohan, E-mail: rai.2208@gmail.com; Late, Ravikiran; Saxena, Shailendra K.; Kumar, Rajesh; Sagdeo, Pankaj R. [Indian Institute of Technology, Indore –452017 (India); Jaiswal, Neeraj K. [Discipline of Physics, PDPM- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur – 482005 (India); Srivastava, Pankaj [Computational Nanoscience and Technology Lab. (CNTL), ABV- Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior – 474015 (India)

    2015-05-15

    We have explored the structural stability of bare and hydrogenated zigzag boron nitride nanoribbons (ZBNNRs). In order to investigate the structural stability, we calculate the cohesive energy for bare, one-edge and both edges H-terminated ZBNNRs with different widths. It is found that the ZBNNRs with width Nz=8 are energetically more favorable than the lower-width counterparts (Nz<8). Bare ZBNNRs have been found energetically most stable as compared to the edge terminated ribbons. Our analysis reveals that the structural stability is a function of ribbon-width and it is not affected significantly by the type of edge-passivation (one-edge or both-edges)

  9. Regularity of spectral fractional Dirichlet and Neumann problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grubb, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    Consider the fractional powers and of the Dirichlet and Neumann realizations of a second-order strongly elliptic differential operator A on a smooth bounded subset Ω of . Recalling the results on complex powers and complex interpolation of domains of elliptic boundary value problems by Seeley...... in the 1970's, we demonstrate how they imply regularity properties in full scales of -Sobolev spaces and Hölder spaces, for the solutions of the associated equations. Extensions to nonsmooth situations for low values of s are derived by use of recent results on -calculus. We also include an overview...... of the various Dirichlet- and Neumann-type boundary problems associated with the fractional Laplacian....

  10. The smooth entropy formalism for von Neumann algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berta, Mario, E-mail: berta@caltech.edu [Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Furrer, Fabian, E-mail: furrer@eve.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leibniz University Hanover, Hanover (Germany); Scholz, Volkher B., E-mail: scholz@phys.ethz.ch [Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2016-01-15

    We discuss information-theoretic concepts on infinite-dimensional quantum systems. In particular, we lift the smooth entropy formalism as introduced by Renner and collaborators for finite-dimensional systems to von Neumann algebras. For the smooth conditional min- and max-entropy, we recover similar characterizing properties and information-theoretic operational interpretations as in the finite-dimensional case. We generalize the entropic uncertainty relation with quantum side information of Tomamichel and Renner and discuss applications to quantum cryptography. In particular, we prove the possibility to perform privacy amplification and classical data compression with quantum side information modeled by a von Neumann algebra.

  11. Stationary solutions and Neumann boundary conditions in the Sivashinsky equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denet, Bruno

    2006-09-01

    New stationary solutions of the (Michelson) Sivashinsky equation of premixed flames are obtained numerically in this paper. Some of these solutions, of the bicoalescent type recently described by Guidi and Marchetti, are stable with Neumann boundary conditions. With these boundary conditions, the time evolution of the Sivashinsky equation in the presence of a moderate white noise is controlled by jumps between stationary solutions.

  12. On Neumann and Poincare problems for Laplace equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryazanov, Vladimir

    2017-09-01

    It is proved the existence of nonclassical solutions of the Neumann problem for the harmonic functions in the Jordan rectifiable domains with arbitrary measurable boundary distributions of normal derivatives. The same is stated for a special case of the Poincare problem on directional derivatives. Moreover, it is shown that the spaces of the found solutions have the infinite dimension.

  13. The degenerate C. Neumann system I: symmetry reduction and convexity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dullin, H.R.; Hanssmann, H.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/107757435

    2012-01-01

    The C. Neumann system describes a particle on the sphere Sn under the influence of a potential that is a quadratic form. We study the case that the quadratic form has ` +1 distinct eigenvalues with multiplicity. Each group of m equal eigenvalues gives rise to an O(m )-symmetry in configuration

  14. Stability Analysis of the Impoundment of Ash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slávik, Ivan

    2013-03-01

    An impoundment is an engineering construction used for the safe deposition of unexploitable waste from industrial and mining facilities. In terms of the legislative requirements of the Slovak Republic, a "Measurements Project" must be developed for each impoundment. In this document the prerequisites for the safe operation of an impoundment, the limit and critical values of the monitored phenomena and the facts influencing the safety of the impoundment and the area endangered by such a site are also defined. The safety and stability of an impoundment are verified according to a "Measurements Project" by considering stability at regular time intervals. This contribution presents, in the form of a parametric study, a stability analysis of an ash impoundment. The stability analysis provides an example of the utilization of an information database of the results of the regular monitoring of the geotechnical properties of the materials forming the impoundment's body and the surrounding rock mass. The stability of the impoundment is expressed for a recent state - without a continuous water level in its body and, at the same time, for a hypothetical limit and critical water level according to the valid "Handling Regulations".

  15. Single-cone finite difference scheme for the (2+1)D Dirac von Neumann equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pötz, Walter; Schreilechner, Magdalena

    2017-11-01

    An explicit finite difference scheme is presented for the von Neumann equation for (2+1)D Dirac fermions. It is founded upon a staggered space-time grid which ensures a single-cone energy dispersion and performs the time-derivative in one sweep using a three-step leap-frog procedure. It enables a space-time-resolved numerical treatment of the mixed-state dynamics of Dirac fermions within the effective single-particle density matrix formalism. Energy-momentum dispersion, stability and convergence properties are derived. Elementary numerical tests to demonstrate stability properties use parameters which pertain to topological insulator surface states. A method for the simulation of charge injection from an electric contact is presented and tested numerically. Potential extensions of the scheme to a Dirac-Lindblad equation, real-space-time Green's function formulations, and higher-order finite-difference schemes are discussed.

  16. Stability analysis of craniovertebral junction fixation techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puttlitz, Christian M; Melcher, Robert P; Kleinstueck, Frank S; Harms, Juergen; Bradford, David S; Lotz, Jeffrey C

    2004-03-01

    Craniovertebral arthrodesis in the upper cervical spine is challenging because of the high degree of mobility afforded by this region. A novel method for achieving atlantoaxial fixation with use of polyaxial screws inserted bilaterally into the lateral masses of C1 and transpedicularly into C2 with longitudinal rod connection has recently been introduced. The question remains as to whether this technique provides adequate stability when extended cephalad to include the occiput. The purpose of this study was to determine the primary stability afforded by this novel construct and compare its stability with the current standard of bilateral longitudinal plates combined with C1-C2 transarticular screws. We used ten fresh-frozen human cadaveric cervical spines (C0-C4). Pure moment loads were applied to the occiput, and C4 was constrained during the testing protocol. We evaluated four conditions: (1) intact, (2) destabilized by means of complete odontoidectomy, (3) stabilization with longitudinal plates with C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation, and (4) stabilization with a posterior rod system with C1 lateral mass screws and C2 pedicle screws. Rigid-body three-dimensional rotations were detected by stereophotogrammetry by means of a three-camera system with use of marker triads. The range of motion data (C0-C2) for each fixation scenario was calculated, and a statistical analysis was performed. Destabilization of the specimen significantly increased C0-C2 motion in both flexion-extension and lateral bending (p motion in the destabilized spine by over 90% for all motions tested (p < 0.05). No significant differences were detected between the two constructs in any of the three rotational planes. Both hardware systems provide equivalent construct stability in the immediate postoperative period when it is critical for the eventual success of a craniovertebral arthrodesis. On the basis of this work, we believe that the decision to use either construct should be determined by

  17. Stability analysis for three-plane wedges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tharp, Thomas M.

    Stability analysis for rock wedges bounded by three planar discontinuities is a time-consuming procedure usually carried out by stereographic projection. An algorithm is presented which identifies the behavior mode for wedges and calculates the factor of safety more accurately than is possible by graphical methods. The upper and lower hemisphere stereographic projections also are plotted. This is the standard presentation format and it allows a visual check of the influence of assumed geometries and friction angles.

  18. The d-bar Neumann problem and Schrödinger operators

    CERN Document Server

    Haslinger, Friedrich

    2014-01-01

    The topic of this bookis located at the intersection of complex analysis, operator theory and partial differential equations. First we investigate the canonical solution operator to d-bar restricted to Bergman spaces of holomorphic L2 functions in one and several complex variables. These operators are Hankel operators of special type. In the following we consider the general d-bar-complex and derive properties of the complex Laplacian on L2 spaces of bounded pseudoconvex domains and on weighted L2 spaces.The main part is devoted to compactness of the d-bar-Neumann operator. The last part will

  19. Nonlinear physical systems spectral analysis, stability and bifurcations

    CERN Document Server

    Kirillov, Oleg N

    2013-01-01

    Bringing together 18 chapters written by leading experts in dynamical systems, operator theory, partial differential equations, and solid and fluid mechanics, this book presents state-of-the-art approaches to a wide spectrum of new and challenging stability problems.Nonlinear Physical Systems: Spectral Analysis, Stability and Bifurcations focuses on problems of spectral analysis, stability and bifurcations arising in the nonlinear partial differential equations of modern physics. Bifurcations and stability of solitary waves, geometrical optics stability analysis in hydro- and magnetohydrodynam

  20. Interpolatability distinguishes LOCC from separable von Neumann measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Childs, Andrew M.; Leung, Debbie; Mančinska, Laura [Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Ozols, Maris [Department of Combinatorics and Optimization, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); IBM TJ Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

    2013-11-15

    Local operations with classical communication (LOCC) and separable operations are two classes of quantum operations that play key roles in the study of quantum entanglement. Separable operations are strictly more powerful than LOCC, but no simple explanation of this phenomenon is known. We show that, in the case of von Neumann measurements, the ability to interpolate measurements is an operational principle that sets apart LOCC and separable operations.

  1. Neumann spectral problem in a domain with very corrugated boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardone, Giuseppe; Khrabustovskyi, Andrii

    2015-09-01

    Let Ω ⊂Rn be a bounded domain. We perturb it to a domain Ωε attaching a family of small protuberances with "room-and-passage"-like geometry (ε > 0 is a small parameter). Peculiar spectral properties of Neumann problems in so perturbed domains were observed for the first time by R. Courant and D. Hilbert. We study the case, when the number of protuberances tends to infinity as ε → 0 and they are ε-periodically distributed along a part of ∂Ω. Our goal is to describe the behavior of the spectrum of the operator Aε = -(ρε) - 1ΔΩε, where ΔΩε is the Neumann Laplacian in Ωε, and the positive function ρε is equal to 1 in Ω. We prove that the spectrum of Aε converges as ε → 0 to the "spectrum" of a certain boundary value problem for the Neumann Laplacian in Ω with boundary conditions containing the spectral parameter in a nonlinear manner. Its eigenvalues may accumulate to a finite point.

  2. Stability Analysis and Stabilization of Miduk Heap Leaching Structure, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Amini

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available To construct copper heap leaching structures, a stepped heap of ore is placed over an isolated sloping surface and then washed with sulphuric acid. The isolated bed of such a heap consists of some natural and geosynthetic layers. Shear strength parameters between these layers are low, so they form the possible sliding surfaces of the heaps. Economic and environmental considerations call for studying such slides. In this study, firstly, results of the laboratory tests carried on the materials of the heap leaching structures bed are presented. Then, the instability mechanisms of such structures are investigated and proper approaches are summarized for their stabilization. Finally, stability of the Miduk copper heap is evaluated as a case history, and appropriate approaches and their effects are discussed for its stabilization.

  3. Probabilistic stability analysis: the way forward for stability analysis of sustainable power systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanović, Jovica V

    2017-08-13

    Future power systems will be significantly different compared with their present states. They will be characterized by an unprecedented mix of a wide range of electricity generation and transmission technologies, as well as responsive and highly flexible demand and storage devices with significant temporal and spatial uncertainty. The importance of probabilistic approaches towards power system stability analysis, as a subsection of power system studies routinely carried out by power system operators, has been highlighted in previous research. However, it may not be feasible (or even possible) to accurately model all of the uncertainties that exist within a power system. This paper describes for the first time an integral approach to probabilistic stability analysis of power systems, including small and large angular stability and frequency stability. It provides guidance for handling uncertainties in power system stability studies and some illustrative examples of the most recent results of probabilistic stability analysis of uncertain power systems.This article is part of the themed issue 'Energy management: flexibility, risk and optimization'. © 2017 The Author(s).

  4. Airfoil stall interpreted through linear stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busquet, Denis; Juniper, Matthew; Richez, Francois; Marquet, Olivier; Sipp, Denis

    2017-11-01

    Although airfoil stall has been widely investigated, the origin of this phenomenon, which manifests as a sudden drop of lift, is still not clearly understood. In the specific case of static stall, multiple steady solutions have been identified experimentally and numerically around the stall angle. We are interested here in investigating the stability of these steady solutions so as to first model and then control the dynamics. The study is performed on a 2D helicopter blade airfoil OA209 at low Mach number, M 0.2 and high Reynolds number, Re 1.8 ×106 . Steady RANS computation using a Spalart-Allmaras model is coupled with continuation methods (pseudo-arclength and Newton's method) to obtain steady states for several angles of incidence. The results show one upper branch (high lift), one lower branch (low lift) connected by a middle branch, characterizing an hysteresis phenomenon. A linear stability analysis performed around these equilibrium states highlights a mode responsible for stall, which starts with a low frequency oscillation. A bifurcation scenario is deduced from the behaviour of this mode. To shed light on the nonlinear behavior, a low order nonlinear model is created with the same linear stability behavior as that observed for that airfoil.

  5. Stability analysis of intershaft squeeze film dampers

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Shafei, A.

    1991-08-01

    Intershaft squeeze film dampers have been investigated for damping of dual rotor aircraft jet engines. Initial investigations indicated that the intershaft dampers would attenuate the amplitude of the engine vibration and decrease the force transmitted through the intershaft bearing, thereby increasing its life. Also it was thought that the intershaft damper would enhance the stability of the rotor-bearing system. Unfortunately, it was determined both theoretically and experimentally that the intershaft squeeze film damper was unstable above the engine's first critical speed. In this paper, a stability analysis of rotors incorporating intershaft squeeze film dampers is performed. A rotor model consisting of two Jeffcott rotors with two intershaft squeeze film dampers is investigated. Examining the system characteristic equation for the conditions at which the roots indicate an ever growing unstable motion results in the stability conditions. The cause of the instability is identified as the rotation of the oil in the damper clearance. The oil rotation adds energy to the forward whirl of the rotor system above the critical speed and thus causes the instability. Below the critical speed the oil film removes energy from the forward rotor whirl. It is also shown that the backward whirl of the rotor system is always stable. Several proposed configurations of intershaft squeeze film dampers are discussed, and it is shown that the intershaft dampers are stable supercritically only with a configuration in which the oil film does not rotate.

  6. Aircraft nonlinear stability analysis and multidimensional stability region estimation under icing conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang QU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Icing is one of the crucial factors that could pose great threat to flight safety, and thus research on stability and stability region of aircraft safety under icing conditions is significant for control and flight. Nonlinear dynamical equations and models of aerodynamic coefficients of an aircraft are set up in this paper to study the stability and stability region of the aircraft under an icing condition. Firstly, the equilibrium points of the iced aircraft system are calculated and analyzed based on the theory of differential equation stability. Secondly, according to the correlation theory about equilibrium points and the stability region, this paper estimates the multidimensional stability region of the aircraft, based on which the stability regions before and after icing are compared. Finally, the results are confirmed by the time history analysis. The results can give a reference for stability analysis and envelope protection of the nonlinear system of an iced aircraft.

  7. Conceptual Analysis of System Average Water Stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.

    2016-12-01

    Averaging over time and area, the precipitation in an ecosystem (SAP - system average precipitation) depends on the average surface temperature and relative humidity (RH) in the system if uniform convection is assumed. RH depends on the evapotranspiration of the system (SAE - system average evapotranspiration). There is a non-linear relationship between SAP and SAE. Studying this relationship can lead mechanistic understanding of the ecosystem health status and trend under different setups. If SAP is higher than SAE, the system will have a water runoff which flows out through rivers. If SAP is lower than SAE, irrigation is needed to maintain the vegetation status. This presentation will give a conceptual analysis of the stability in this relationship under different assumed areas, water or forest coverages, elevations and latitudes. This analysis shows that desert is a stable system. Water circulation in basins is also stabilized at a specific SAP based on the basin profile. It further shows that deforestation will reduce SAP, and can flip the system to an irrigation required status. If no irrigation is provided, the system will automatically reduce to its stable point - desert, which is extremely difficult to turn around.

  8. Voltage stability analysis using a modified continuation load flow ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper addresses the rising problem of identifying the voltage stability limits of load buses in a power system and how to optimally place capacitor banks for voltage stability improvement. This paper uses the concept of the continuation power flow analysis used in voltage stability analysis. It uses the modified ...

  9. Spin torque oscillator neuroanalog of von Neumann's microwave computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppensteadt, Frank

    2015-10-01

    Frequency and phase of neural activity play important roles in the behaving brain. The emerging understanding of these roles has been informed by the design of analog devices that have been important to neuroscience, among them the neuroanalog computer developed by O. Schmitt and A. Hodgkin in the 1930s. Later J. von Neumann, in a search for high performance computing using microwaves, invented a logic machine based on crystal diodes that can perform logic functions including binary arithmetic. Described here is an embodiment of his machine using nano-magnetics. Electrical currents through point contacts on a ferromagnetic thin film can create oscillations in the magnetization of the film. Under natural conditions these properties of a ferromagnetic thin film may be described by a nonlinear Schrödinger equation for the film's magnetization. Radiating solutions of this system are referred to as spin waves, and communication within the film may be by spin waves or by directed graphs of electrical connections. It is shown here how to formulate a STO logic machine, and by computer simulation how this machine can perform several computations simultaneously using multiplexing of inputs, that this system can evaluate iterated logic functions, and that spin waves may communicate frequency, phase and binary information. Neural tissue and the Schmitt-Hodgkin, von Neumann and STO devices share a common bifurcation structure, although these systems operate on vastly different space and time scales; namely, all may exhibit Andronov-Hopf bifurcations. This suggests that neural circuits may be capable of the computational functionality as described by von Neumann. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Structure and coarsening of foams: Beyond von Neumann's law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Adam E.

    We report on the statistics of bubble size, topology, and shape and on their role in the coarsening dynamics for foams consisting of bubbles compressed between two parallel plates. We find that in the scaling regime, all bubble distributions are independent not only of time, but also of liquid content. For coarsening, the average rate decreases with liquid content due to the blocking of gas diffusion by Plateau borders inflated with liquid. By observing the growth rate of individual bubbles, we find that von Neumann's law becomes progressively violated with increasing wetness and decreasing bubble size. We successfully model this behavior by explicitly incorporating the border-blocking effect into the von Neumann argument. We report on bubble growth rates and on the statistics of bubble topology for the coarsening of a dry foam contained in the gap between two hemispheres. By contrast with coarsening in flat space, we observe that six-sided bubbles grow with time at a rate that depends on their size. We measure the statistics of bubble topology, and find distributions that differ from the scaling state of a flat two dimensional foam. We report on the statistics of bubble distribution and coarsening of the two dimensional surface of a three dimensional foam. The surface of a three dimensional foam obeys Plateau's laws, but does not obey von Neumann's law on the individual bubble level, although it holds on average. We measure bubble distributions, which to not change with time, but have different values from an ordinary two dimensional foam. We report on a method for optical tomography of three dimensional foams. Using a bottle filled with dry foam that is mounted on a rotation stage, we take pictures of the foam at many different angles. Using these images, it is possible to reconstruct horizontal slices of the foam. By controlling the parameters of this system, it is possible to get good slices, for possible use in reconstruction of the foam structure.

  11. Truck Roll Stability Data Collection and Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevens, SS

    2001-07-02

    The principal objective of this project was to collect and analyze vehicle and highway data that are relevant to the problem of truck rollover crashes, and in particular to the subset of rollover crashes that are caused by the driver error of entering a curve at a speed too great to allow safe completion of the turn. The data are of two sorts--vehicle dynamic performance data, and highway geometry data as revealed by vehicle behavior in normal driving. Vehicle dynamic performance data are relevant because the roll stability of a tractor trailer depends both on inherent physical characteristics of the vehicle and on the weight and distribution of the particular cargo that is being carried. Highway geometric data are relevant because the set of crashes of primary interest to this study are caused by lateral acceleration demand in a curve that exceeds the instantaneous roll stability of the vehicle. An analysis of data quality requires an evaluation of the equipment used to collect the data because the reliability and accuracy of both the equipment and the data could profoundly affect the safety of the driver and other highway users. Therefore, a concomitant objective was an evaluation of the performance of the set of data-collection equipment on the truck and trailer. The objective concerning evaluation of the equipment was accomplished, but the results were not entirely positive. Significant engineering apparently remains to be done before a reliable system can be fielded. Problems were identified with the trailer to tractor fiber optic connector used for this test. In an over-the-road environment, the communication between the trailer instrumentation and the tractor must be dependable. In addition, the computer in the truck must be able to withstand the rigors of the road. The major objective--data collection and analysis--was also accomplished. Using data collected by instruments on the truck, a ''bad-curve'' database can be generated. Using

  12. Analysis of Physical Education Students’ Emotional Stability and Reactibility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Radka Peřinová

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of Physical Education Students’ Emotional Stability and Reactibility This paper will aim to show the possible association between emotional stability and reaction time variability of Physical Education students...

  13. Driven Liouville von Neumann Equation in Lindblad Form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hod, Oded; Rodríguez-Rosario, César A; Zelovich, Tamar; Frauenheim, Thomas

    2016-05-19

    The Driven Liouville von Neumann approach [J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2014, 10, 2927-2941] is a computationally efficient simulation method for modeling electron dynamics in molecular electronics junctions. Previous numerical simulations have shown that the method can reproduce the exact single-particle dynamics while avoiding density matrix positivity violation found in previous implementations. In this study we prove that in the limit of infinite lead models the underlying equation of motion can be cast in Lindblad form. This provides a formal justification for the numerically observed density matrix positivity conservation.

  14. Contiguity and Entire Separability of States on von Neumann Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haliullin, Samigulla

    2017-12-01

    We introduce the notions of the contiguity and entirely separability for two sequences of states on von Neumann algebras. The ultraproducts technique allows us to reduce the study of the contiguity to investigation of the equivalence for two states. Here we apply the Ocneanu ultraproduct and the Groh-Raynaud ultraproduct (see Ocneanu (1985), Groh (J. Operator Theory, 11, 2, 395-404 1984), Raynaud (J. Operator Theory, 48, 1, 41-68, 2002), Ando and Haagerup (J. Funct. Anal., 266, 12, 6842-6913, 2014)), as well as the technique developed in Mushtari and Haliullin (Lobachevskii J. Math., 35, 2, 138-146, 2014).

  15. Eutectic colony formation: A stability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plapp, Mathis [Physics Department and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Complex Systems, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Karma, Alain [Physics Department and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Complex Systems, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)

    1999-12-01

    Experiments have widely shown that a steady-state lamellar eutectic solidification front is destabilized on a scale much larger than the lamellar spacing by the rejection of a dilute ternary impurity and forms two-phase cells commonly referred to as ''eutectic colonies.'' We extend the stability analysis of Datye and Langer [V. Datye and J. S. Langer, Phys. Rev. B 24, 4155 (1981)] for a binary eutectic to include the effect of a ternary impurity. We find that the expressions for the critical onset velocity and morphological instability wavelength are analogous to those for the classic Mullins-Sekerka instability of a monophase planar interface, albeit with an effective surface tension that depends on the geometry of the lamellar interface and, nontrivially, on interlamellar diffusion. A qualitatively new aspect of this instability is the occurrence of oscillatory modes due to the interplay between the destabilizing effect of the ternary impurity and the dynamical feedback of the local change in lamellar spacing on the front motion. In a transient regime, these modes lead to the formation of large scale oscillatory microstructures for which there is recent experimental evidence in a transparent organic system. Moreover, it is shown that the eutectic front dynamics on a scale larger than the lamellar spacing can be formulated as an effective monophase interface free boundary problem with a modified Gibbs-Thomson condition that is coupled to a slow evolution equation for the lamellar spacing. This formulation provides additional physical insights into the nature of the instability and a simple means to calculate an approximate stability spectrum. Finally, we investigate the influence of the ternary impurity on a short wavelength oscillatory instability that is already present at off-eutectic compositions in binary eutectics. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

  16. ANALYSIS AND OPTIMISATION OF DYNAMIC STABILITY OF MOBILE WORKING MACHINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter BIGOŠ

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an investigation of the dynamic stability, which is specified for the mobile working machines. There are presented the basic theoretical principles of the stability theory together with an introduction of two illustrative examples of the dynamic stability analysis.

  17. stability analysis of food barley genotypes in northern ethiopia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACSS

    interaction principal component axis, AMMI- additive main effect and multiplicative interaction. Figure 1. AMMI1 biplot for grain yield (t ha-1) and IPCA1of food barley genotypes grown in northern Ethiopia. Stability analysis for genotypic performance. AMMI Stability Value (ASV). Table 5 shows. AMMI stability values for ...

  18. Stability Analysis and Design for Nonlinear Singular Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Chunyu; Zhou, Linna

    2013-01-01

    Singular systems which are also referred to as descriptor systems, semi-state systems, differential- algebraic systems or generalized state-space systems have attracted much attention because of their extensive applications in the Leontief dynamic model, electrical and mechanical models, etc. This monograph presented up-to-date research developments and references on stability analysis and design of nonlinear singular systems. It investigated the problems of practical stability, strongly absolute stability, input-state stability and observer design for nonlinear singular systems and the problems of absolute stability and multi-objective control for nonlinear singularly perturbed systems by using Lyapunov stability theory, comparison principle, S-procedure and linear matrix inequality (LMI), etc. Practical stability, being quite different from stability in the sense of Lyapunov, is a significant performance specification from an engineering point of view. The basic concepts and results on practical stability f...

  19. Von Neumann algebras as complemented subspaces of B(H)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Erik; Wang, Liguang

    2014-01-01

    Let M be a von Neumann algebra of type II1 which is also a complemented subspace of B( H). We establish an algebraic criterion, which ensures that M is an injective von Neumann algebra. As a corollary we show that if M is a complemented factor of type II1 on a Hilbert space H, then M is injective...

  20. Univariate stability analysis methods for determining genotype ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, superior genotypes are recommended for use by farmers in semi-arid areas. Finally, based on most statistics, mean yield and dynamic concept of stability genotype G13 was stable and favorable and is recommended for national release in rain-fed lands of Iran. Regression method's slopes, genotypic stability (D2) ...

  1. The limiting equation for Neumann Laplacians on shrinking domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshimi Saito

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Let ${Omega_{epsilon} }_{0 < epsilon le1}$ be an indexed family of connected open sets in ${mathbb R}^2$, that shrinks to a tree $Gamma$ as $epsilon$ approaches zero. Let $H_{Omega_{epsilon}}$ be the Neumann Laplacian and $f_{epsilon}$ be the restriction of an $L^2(Omega_1$ function to $Omega_{epsilon} $. For $z in {mathbb C}Backslash [0, infty$, set $u_{epsilon} = (H_{Omega_{epsilon}} - z^{-1}f_{epsilon} $. Under the assumption that all the edges of $Gamma$ are line segments, and some additional conditions on $Omega_{epsilon}$, we show that the limit function $u_0 = lim_{epsilono 0} u_{epsilon}$ satisfies a second-order ordinary differential equation on $Gamma$ with Kirchhoff boundary conditions on each vertex of $Gamma $.

  2. Solution of the Classical Stefan Problem: Neumann Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kot, V. A.

    2017-07-01

    A polynomial solution of the classical one-phase Stefan problem with a Neumann boundary condition is presented. As a result of the multiple integration of the heat-conduction equation, a sequence of identical equalities has been obtained. On the basis of these equalities, solutions were constructed in the form of the second-, third-, fourth-, and fifth-degree polynomials. It is shown by test examples that the approach proposed is highly efficient and that the approximation errors of the solutions in the form of the fourth- and fifth-degree polynomials are negligible small, which allows them to be considered in fact as exact. The polynomial solutions obtained substantially surpass the analogous numerical solutions in the accuracy of determining the position of the moving interphase boundary in a body and are in approximate parity with them in the accuracy of determining the temperature profile in it.

  3. Modeling Groundwater Flow using both Neumann and Dirichlet Boundary Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zijl, Wouter; El-Rawy, Mustafa; Batelaan, Okke

    2013-04-01

    In groundwater flow models it is customary to use the recharge rate, obtained from measured precipitation minus run off and evapotranspiration, as the top boundary condition (a Neumann boundary condition). However, as has been emphasized by Tóth (1962; 2009), the topography of the water table offers a better boundary condition (a Dirichlet boundary condition), because it leads to the delineation of flow systems and stagnation zones. However, in practical modeling studies the recharge rates obtained when using the Dirichlet boundary condition may turn out to be unrealistically small or large. To remediate this we have developed an unconventional modeling procedure that is based on both the Neumann and the Dirichlet boundary condition on the phreatic surface. Such a model does not only calculate the heads and fluxes, but also an update of the initially perceived hydraulic conductivities, in such a way that the initially perceived conductivity model is preserved as much as possible. For given grid block conductivities, numerical groundwater models (e.g. MODFLOW) are linear in the heads. However, for given heads the numerical models are not linear in the grid block conductivities. Mohammed et al. (2009) have developed a MODFLOW-compatible numerical model that is linear in the stream functions for given grid block conductivities, while it is also linear in the grid block resistivities (inverse of conductivities) if the heads are given. Unconventional modeling is based on this bi-linearity. Assume we specify a reasonable perception of the hydraulic conductivities and determine the numerical solution with Neumann boundary conditions. The resulting fluxes are then substituted into the stream function model, together with Dirichlet boundary conditions, and the grid block resistivities can then be determined by a standard routine for solving systems of linear algebraic equations. The thus calibrated grid block conductivities do not deviate much from the initially perceived

  4. Implementing the quantum von Neumann architecture with superconducting circuits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariantoni, Matteo; Wang, H; Yamamoto, T; Neeley, M; Bialczak, Radoslaw C; Chen, Y; Lenander, M; Lucero, Erik; O'Connell, A D; Sank, D; Weides, M; Wenner, J; Yin, Y; Zhao, J; Korotkov, A N; Cleland, A N; Martinis, John M

    2011-10-07

    The von Neumann architecture for a classical computer comprises a central processing unit and a memory holding instructions and data. We demonstrate a quantum central processing unit that exchanges data with a quantum random-access memory integrated on a chip, with instructions stored on a classical computer. We test our quantum machine by executing codes that involve seven quantum elements: Two superconducting qubits coupled through a quantum bus, two quantum memories, and two zeroing registers. Two vital algorithms for quantum computing are demonstrated, the quantum Fourier transform, with 66% process fidelity, and the three-qubit Toffoli-class OR phase gate, with 98% phase fidelity. Our results, in combination especially with longer qubit coherence, illustrate a potentially viable approach to factoring numbers and implementing simple quantum error correction codes.

  5. John von Neumann and Klaus Fuchs: an Unlikely Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Jeremy

    2010-03-01

    I discuss the origin of the idea of making a fusion (hydrogen) bomb and the physics involved in it, and then turn to the design proposed for one by the unlikely collaborators John von Neumann and Klaus Fuchs in a patent application they filed at Los Alamos in May 1946, which Fuchs passed on to the Russians in March 1948, and which with substantial modifications was tested on the island of Eberiru on the Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific on May 8, 1951. This test showed that the fusion of deuterium and tritium nuclei could be ignited, but that the ignition would not propagate because the heat produced was rapidly radiated away. Meanwhile, Stanislaw Ulam and C.J. Everett had shown that Edward Teller’s Classical Super could not work, and at the end of December 1950, Ulam had conceived the idea of super compression, using the energy of a fission bomb to compress the fusion fuel to such a high density that it would be opaque to the radiation produced. Once Teller understood this, he invented a greatly improved, new method of compression using radiation, which then became the heart of the Ulam-Teller bomb design, which was tested, also in the South Pacific, on November 1, 1952. The Russians have freely acknowledged that Fuchs gave them the fission bomb, but they have insisted that no one gave them the fusion bomb, which grew out of design involving a fission bomb surrounded by alternating layers of fusion and fission fuels, and which they tested on November 22, 1955. Part of the irony of this story is that neither the American nor the Russian hydrogen-bomb programs made any use of the brilliant design that von Neumann and Fuchs had conceived as early as 1946, which could have changed the entire course of development of both programs.

  6. A Matlab-based finite-difference solver for the Poisson problem with mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, Ashton S.; Cheviakov, Alexei F.

    2013-03-01

    A Matlab-based finite-difference numerical solver for the Poisson equation for a rectangle and a disk in two dimensions, and a spherical domain in three dimensions, is presented. The solver is optimized for handling an arbitrary combination of Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, and allows for full user control of mesh refinement. The solver routines utilize effective and parallelized sparse vector and matrix operations. Computations exhibit high speeds, numerical stability with respect to mesh size and mesh refinement, and acceptable error values even on desktop computers. Catalogue identifier: AENQ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AENQ_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License v3.0 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 102793 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 369378 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Matlab 2010a. Computer: PC, Macintosh. Operating system: Windows, OSX, Linux. RAM: 8 GB (8, 589, 934, 592 bytes) Classification: 4.3. Nature of problem: To solve the Poisson problem in a standard domain with “patchy surface”-type (strongly heterogeneous) Neumann/Dirichlet boundary conditions. Solution method: Finite difference with mesh refinement. Restrictions: Spherical domain in 3D; rectangular domain or a disk in 2D. Unusual features: Choice between mldivide/iterative solver for the solution of large system of linear algebraic equations that arise. Full user control of Neumann/Dirichlet boundary conditions and mesh refinement. Running time: Depending on the number of points taken and the geometry of the domain, the routine may take from less than a second to several hours to execute.

  7. Stability analysis of large electric power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elwood, D.M.

    1993-01-01

    Modern electric power systems are large and complicated, and, in many regions of the world, the generation and transmission systems are operating near their limits. Ensuring the reliable operation of the power system requires engineers to study the response of the system to various disturbances. The responses to large disturbances are examined by numerically solving the nonlinear differential-algebraic equations describing the power system. The response to small disturbances is typically studied via eigenanalysis. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) recently developed the Extended Transient/Mid-term Stability Program (ETMSP) to study large disturbance stability and the Small Signal Stability Program Package (SSSP) to study small signal stability. The primary objectives of the work described in this report were to (1) explore ways of speeding up ETMSP, especially on mid-term voltage stability problems, (2) explore ways of speeding up the Multi-Area Small-Signal Stability program (MASS), one of the codes in SSSP, and (3) explore ways of increasing the size of problem that can be solved by the Cray version of MASS.

  8. Global stability analysis and control of leptospirosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okosun Kazeem Oare

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of leptospirosis control measures, preventive vaccination and treatment of infective humans that may curtail the disease transmission. For this, a mathematical model for the transmission dynamics of the disease that includes preventive, vaccination, treatment of infective vectors and humans control measures are considered. Firstly, the constant control parameters’ case is analyzed, also calculate the basic reproduction number and investigate the existence and stability of equilibria. The threshold condition for disease-free equilibrium is found to be locally asymptotically stable and can only be achieved when the basic reproduction number is less than unity. The model is found to exhibit the existence of multiple endemic equilibria. Furthermore, to assess the relative impact of each of the constant control parameters measures the sensitivity index of the basic reproductive number to the model’s parameters are calculated. In the time-dependent constant control case, Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle is used to derive necessary conditions for the optimal control of the disease. The cost-effectiveness analysis is carried out by first of all using ANOVA to check on the mean costs. Then followed by Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER for all the possible combinations of the disease control measures. Our results revealed that the most cost-effective strategy for the control of leptospirosis is the combination of the vaccination and treatment of infective livestocks. Though the combinations of all control measures is also effective, however, this strategy is not cost-effective and so too costly. Therefore, more efforts from policy makers on vaccination and treatment of infectives livestocks regime would go a long way to combat the disease epidemic.

  9. Angle Stability Analysis for Voltage-Controlled Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Hengwei; Jia, Chenxi; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2017-01-01

    Power electronics based voltage source converters (VSCs) keep increasing in modern electrical systems. As a branch of stability problems, angle stability is significant for an electrical system. Based on small disturbance analysis and time scale decomposition perspective, this paper proposes...... a criterion to analyze the quasi-steady angle stability and the direct current (DC) side stability for VSCs. The operating limit and the angle instability mechanism are revealed, which is generally applicable to the voltage-controlled converters. During the analysis, the influence of the parameters on angle...

  10. Linear stability analysis of supersonic axisymmetric jets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenhua Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Stabilities of supersonic jets are examined with different velocities, momentum thicknesses, and core temperatures. Amplification rates of instability waves at inlet are evaluated by linear stability theory (LST. It is found that increased velocity and core temperature would increase amplification rates substantially and such influence varies for different azimuthal wavenumbers. The most unstable modes in thin momentum thickness cases usually have higher frequencies and azimuthal wavenumbers. Mode switching is observed for low azimuthal wavenumbers, but it appears merely in high velocity cases. In addition, the results provided by linear parabolized stability equations show that the mean-flow divergence affects the spatial evolution of instability waves greatly. The most amplified instability waves globally are sometimes found to be different from that given by LST.

  11. On n-flat modules and n-Von Neumann regular rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najib Mahdou

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We show that each R-module is n-flat (resp., weakly n-flat if and only if R is an (n,n−1-ring (resp., a weakly (n,n−1-ring. We also give a new characterization of n-Von Neumann regular rings and a characterization of weak n-Von Neumann regular rings for (CH-rings and for local rings. Finally, we show that in a class of principal rings and a class of local Gaussian rings, a weak n-Von Neumann regular ring is a (CH-ring.

  12. Shear instability of fluid interfaces: Stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexakis, A.; Young, Y.; Rosner, R.

    2002-02-01

    We examine the linear stability of fluid interfaces subjected to a shear flow. Our main object is to generalize previous work to an arbitrary Atwood number, and to allow for surface tension and weak compressibility. The motivation derives from instances in astrophysical systems where mixing across material interfaces driven by shear flows may significantly affect the dynamical evolution of these systems.

  13. Reliability Analysis of Dynamic Stability in Waves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søborg, Anders Veldt

    2004-01-01

    exhibit sufficient characteristics with respect to slope at zero heel (GM value), maximum leverarm, positive range of stability and area below the leverarm curve. The rule-based requirements to calm water leverarm curves are entirely based on experience obtained from vessels in operation and recorded...

  14. Analysis of stability parameters in relation to precipitation associated ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 123; Issue 4. Analysis of stability parameters in relation to precipitation associated with pre-monsoon thunderstorms ... Keywords. Atmospheric instability; stability indices; Richardson number; vertical wind shear; energy-helicity index; vorticity generation parameter.

  15. Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for yield ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seventeen (17) genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications in five locations. Various stability indices were used to assess stability and genotype by environment performances. Combined analysis of variance (ANOVA) for yield and yield components revealed highly ...

  16. Fuzzy arithmetical stability analysis of uncertain machining systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamann, Dominik; Walz, Nico-Philipp; Fischer, Achim; Hanss, Michael; Eberhard, Peter

    2018-01-01

    The dynamical behavior of machining processes with parameter uncertainties is analyzed using the possibilistic approach of fuzzy arithmetic. The concept is used to simulate and analyze uncertain models of different complexity. Emphasis is put on the analysis of dynamic stability and the inclusion of the uncertain parameters therein. The stability limits, which are defined by an implicit equation, yield two-dimensional fuzzy-valued results, so that standard solution methods are not directly applicable. Therefore, a general method for the solution of implicit equations is presented that may be applied to the stability analysis of arbitrary time-delayed systems. The presented method as well as a fuzzy sensitivity analysis are then applied to the stability analysis of exemplary systems. The propagation characteristic as well as the fuzzy sensitivity analysis allow to see the effect of uncertainties on the system output and quantify the effect of given uncertain parameters.

  17. Stability analysis in tachyonic potential chameleon cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farajollahi, H.; Salehi, A.; Tayebi, F.; Ravanpak, A., E-mail: hosseinf@guilan.ac.ir, E-mail: a.salehi@guilan.ac.ir, E-mail: ftayebi@guilan.ac.ir, E-mail: aravanpak@guilan.ac.ir [Department of Physics, University of Guilan, Rasht (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-05-01

    We study general properties of attractors for tachyonic potential chameleon scalar-field model which possess cosmological scaling solutions. An analytic formulation is given to obtain fixed points with a discussion on their stability. The model predicts a dynamical equation of state parameter with phantom crossing behavior for an accelerating universe. We constrain the parameters of the model by best fitting with the recent data-sets from supernovae and simulated data points for redshift drift experiment generated by Monte Carlo simulations.

  18. Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a Neumann boundary-value problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safia Benmansour

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we show the existence and uniqueness of positive solutions for perturbed Neumann boundary-value problems of second-order differential equations. We use a fixed point theorem for general $alpha$-concave operators.

  19. Multiple von Neumann computers: an evolutionary approach to functional emergence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, H

    1997-01-01

    A novel system composed of multiple von Neumann computers and an appropriate problem environment is proposed and simulated. Each computer has a memory to store the machine instruction program, and when a program is executed, a series of machine codes in the memory is sequentially decoded, leading to register operations in the central processing unit (CPU). By means of these operations, the computer not only can handle its generally used registers but also can read and write the environmental database. Simulation is driven by genetic algorithms (GAs) performed on the population of program memories. Mutation and crossover create program diversity in the memory, and selection facilitates the reproduction of appropriate programs. Through these evolutionary operations, advantageous combinations of machine codes are created and fixed in the population one by one, and the higher function, which enables the computer to calculate an appropriate number from the environment, finally emerges in the program memory. In the latter half of the article, the performance of GAs on this system is studied. Under different sets of parameters, the evolutionary speed, which is determined by the time until the domination of the final program, is examined and the conditions for faster evolution are clarified. At an intermediate mutation rate and at an intermediate population size, crossover helps create novel advantageous sets of machine codes and evidently accelerates optimization by GAs.

  20. Using the Neumann series expansion for assembling Reduced Order Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasisi S.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An efficient method to remove the limitation in selecting the master degrees of freedom in a finite element model by means of a model order reduction is presented. A major difficulty of the Guyan reduction and IRS method (Improved Reduced System is represented by the need of appropriately select the master and slave degrees of freedom for the rate of convergence to be high. This study approaches the above limitation by using a particular arrangement of the rows and columns of the assembled matrices K and M and employing a combination between the IRS method and a variant of the analytical selection of masters presented in (Shah, V. N., Raymund, M., Analytical selection of masters for the reduced eigenvalue problem, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 18 (1 1982 in case first lowest frequencies had to be sought. One of the most significant characteristics of the approach is the use of the Neumann series expansion that motivates this particular arrangement of the matrices’ entries. The method shows a higher rate of convergence when compared to the standard IRS and very accurate results for the lowest reduced frequencies. To show the effectiveness of the proposed method two testing structures and the human vocal tract model employed in (Vampola, T., Horacek, J., Svec, J. G., FE modeling of human vocal tract acoustics. Part I: Prodution of Czech vowels, Acta Acustica United with Acustica 94 (3 2008 are presented.

  1. Advances in power system modelling, control and stability analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Milano, Federico

    2016-01-01

    Advances in Power System Modelling, Control and Stability Analysis captures the variety of new methodologies and technologies that are changing the way modern electric power systems are modelled, simulated and operated.

  2. analysis and correlation of stability parameters in malting barley ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    . Purchase, J.L. 1997. Parametric analysis to describe GxE interaction and yield stability in winter wheat. PhD. Thesis, Department of. Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, South. Africa. Wricke, G.

  3. Dirichlet forms and symmetric Markovian semigroups on Z_2-graded von Neumann algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bahn, C; Moon-Park, Y

    2003-01-01

    We extend the construction of Dirichlet forms and symmetric Markovian semigroups on standard forms of von Neumann algebras given in [Infin. Dimens. Anal. Quantum Probab. Relat Top. Vol. 3, 1-14 (2000)] to the case of Z_2-graded von Neumann algebras. We apply the extension to construct symmetric Markovian semigroups on CAR algebras with respect to gauge invariant quasi-free states and also investigate detailed properties such as ergodicity of the semigroups.

  4. Multiple Solutions of -Laplacian with Neumann and Robin Boundary Conditions for Both Resonance and Oscillation Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Jing

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We discuss Neumann and Robin problems driven by the -Laplacian with jumping nonlinearities. Using sub-sup solution method, Fucík spectrum, mountain pass theorem, degree theorem together with suitable truncation techniques, we show that the Neumann problem has infinitely many nonconstant solutions and the Robin problem has at least four nontrivial solutions. Furthermore, we study oscillating equations with Robin boundary and obtain infinitely many nontrivial solutions.

  5. Stability analysis and the stabilization of a class of discrete-time dynamic neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patan, Krzysztof

    2007-05-01

    This paper deals with problems of stability and the stabilization of discrete-time neural networks. Neural structures under consideration belong to the class of the so-called locally recurrent globally feedforward networks. The single processing unit possesses dynamic behavior. It is realized by introducing into the neuron structure a linear dynamic system in the form of an infinite impulse response filter. In this way, a dynamic neural network is obtained. It is well known that the crucial problem with neural networks of the dynamic type is stability as well as stabilization in learning problems. The paper formulates stability conditions for the analyzed class of neural networks. Moreover, a stabilization problem is defined and solved as a constrained optimization task. In order to tackle this problem two methods are proposed. The first one is based on a gradient projection (GP) and the second one on a minimum distance projection (MDP). It is worth noting that these methods can be easily introduced into the existing learning algorithm as an additional step, and suitable convergence conditions can be developed for them. The efficiency and usefulness of the proposed approaches are justified by using a number of experiments including numerical complexity analysis, stabilization effectiveness, and the identification of an industrial process.

  6. Stability analysis of neural networks with time-varying delay: Enhanced stability criteria and conservatism comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Wen-Juan; He, Yong; Zhang, Chuan-Ke; Wu, Min

    2018-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the stability analysis of neural networks with a time-varying delay. To assess system stability accurately, the conservatism reduction of stability criteria has attracted many efforts, among which estimating integral terms as exact as possible is a key issue. At first, this paper develops a new relaxed integral inequality to reduce the estimation gap of popular Wirtinger-based inequality (WBI). Then, for showing the advantages of the proposed inequality over several existing inequalities that also improve the WBI, four stability criteria are derived through different inequalities and the same Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional (LKF), and the conservatism comparison of them is analyzed theoretically. Moreover, an improved criterion is established by combining the proposed inequality and an augmented LKF with delay-product-type terms. Finally, several numerical examples are used to demonstrate the advantages of the proposed method.

  7. Stability Analysis of Neural Networks-Based System Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talel Korkobi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper treats some problems related to nonlinear systems identification. A stability analysis neural network model for identifying nonlinear dynamic systems is presented. A constrained adaptive stable backpropagation updating law is presented and used in the proposed identification approach. The proposed backpropagation training algorithm is modified to obtain an adaptive learning rate guarantying convergence stability. The proposed learning rule is the backpropagation algorithm under the condition that the learning rate belongs to a specified range defining the stability domain. Satisfying such condition, unstable phenomena during the learning process are avoided. A Lyapunov analysis leads to the computation of the expression of a convenient adaptive learning rate verifying the convergence stability criteria. Finally, the elaborated training algorithm is applied in several simulations. The results confirm the effectiveness of the CSBP algorithm.

  8. Stability Analysis of Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems with Delay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Stability analysis of fractional-order nonlinear systems with delay is studied. We propose the definition of Mittag-Leffler stability of time-delay system and introduce the fractional Lyapunov direct method by using properties of Mittag-Leffler function and Laplace transform. Then some new sufficient conditions ensuring asymptotical stability of fractional-order nonlinear system with delay are proposed firstly. And the application of Riemann-Liouville fractional-order systems is extended by the fractional comparison principle and the Caputo fractional-order systems. Numerical simulations of an example demonstrate the universality and the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  9. Linear modeling of rotorcraft for stability analysis and preliminary design

    OpenAIRE

    Wirth, Walter M.

    1993-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This thesis investigates linear state space modeling of single main rotor helicopters culminating in a computer program that can be used for 1) stability and control analysis for any single main rotor helicopter or 2) preliminary design of a helicopter. The trim solution for a flight condition is found, the aircraft is perturbed about the nominal point, and the stability and control derivatives are determined. State space models and ...

  10. stability analysis of ssss thin rectangular plate using multi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    The stability analysis of all four edges simply supported (SSSS) thin rectangular plate using multi-degrees of freedom (MDOF) Taylor ... polynomial function in plates' continuum analysis other than SDOF. In which .... The percentage differences (error) between this study, Ibearugbulem et. al and Ezeh et. al with of those of ...

  11. Harmonics and voltage stability analysis in power systems including ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    steady-state voltage stability analysis. 4. Harmonic power flow algorithm. Network voltages and currents can be expressed by Fourier series for the harmonic power flow analysis, which was developed by Xia & Heydt (1982). Voltages and nonlinear element parameters form the bus variable vector ( ), given in. [X] = [. [ ˙V (1). ] ...

  12. Analysis of Slope Stability Using Limit Equilibrium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoullah Namdar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In achievement of slope load sustainability using mixed soil technique, is considered acceptable the method for slope construction technology. This paper deals with evaluation of mixed soil technique for construction of stable slope and proves the soil capability by analysis of computerized modeling, the revealed result of investigation, the possibility of using nearest local material, reducing project cost, solving the construction geotechnical problem and accurate understanding of soil property when it is developed under different types of geometry.

  13. Linear stability analysis of swirling turbulent flows with turbulence models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Vikrant; Juniper, Matthew

    2013-11-01

    In this paper, we consider the growth of large scale coherent structures in turbulent flows by performing linear stability analysis around a mean flow. Turbulent flows are characterized by fine-scale stochastic perturbations. The momentum transfer caused by these perturbations affects the development of larger structures. Therefore, in a linear stability analysis, it is important to include the perturbations' influence. One way to do this is to include a turbulence model in the stability analysis. This is done in the literature by using eddy viscosity models (EVMs), which are first order turbulence models. We extend this approach by using second order turbulence models, in this case explicit algebraic Reynolds stress models (EARSMs). EARSMs are more versatile than EVMs, in that they can be applied to a wider range of flows, and could also be more accurate. We verify our EARSM-based analysis by applying it to a channel flow and then comparing the results with those from an EVM-based analysis. We then apply the EARSM-based stability analysis to swirling pipe flows and Taylor-Couette flows, which demonstrates the main benefit of EARSM-based analysis. This project is supported by EPSRC and Rolls-Royce through a Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellowship.

  14. Stability Analysis for a Multi-Camera Photogrammetric System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Habib

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Consumer-grade digital cameras suffer from geometrical instability that may cause problems when used in photogrammetric applications. This paper provides a comprehensive review of this issue of interior orientation parameter variation over time, it explains the common ways used for coping with the issue, and describes the existing methods for performing stability analysis for a single camera. The paper then points out the lack of coverage of stability analysis for multi-camera systems, suggests a modification of the collinearity model to be used for the calibration of an entire photogrammetric system, and proposes three methods for system stability analysis. The proposed methods explore the impact of the changes in interior orientation and relative orientation/mounting parameters on the reconstruction process. Rather than relying on ground truth in real datasets to check the system calibration stability, the proposed methods are simulation-based. Experiment results are shown, where a multi-camera photogrammetric system was calibrated three times, and stability analysis was performed on the system calibration parameters from the three sessions. The proposed simulation-based methods provided results that were compatible with a real-data based approach for evaluating the impact of changes in the system calibration parameters on the three-dimensional reconstruction.

  15. Probabilistic approaches for geotechnical site characterization and slope stability analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Cao, Zijun; Li, Dianqing

    2017-01-01

    This is the first book to revisit geotechnical site characterization from a probabilistic point of view and provide rational tools to probabilistically characterize geotechnical properties and underground stratigraphy using limited information obtained from a specific site. This book not only provides new probabilistic approaches for geotechnical site characterization and slope stability analysis, but also tackles the difficulties in practical implementation of these approaches. In addition, this book also develops efficient Monte Carlo simulation approaches for slope stability analysis and implements these approaches in a commonly available spreadsheet environment. These approaches and the software package are readily available to geotechnical practitioners and alleviate them from reliability computational algorithms. The readers will find useful information for a non-specialist to determine project-specific statistics of geotechnical properties and to perform probabilistic analysis of slope stability.

  16. Static Voltage Stability Analysis by Using SVM and Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Hajian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Voltage stability is an important problem in power system networks. In this paper, in terms of static voltage stability, and application of Neural Networks (NN and Supported Vector Machine (SVM for estimating of voltage stability margin (VSM and predicting of voltage collapse has been investigated. This paper considers voltage stability in power system in two parts. The first part calculates static voltage stability margin by Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN. The advantage of the used method is high accuracy in online detecting the VSM. Whereas the second one, voltage collapse analysis of power system is performed by Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN and SVM. The obtained results in this paper indicate, that time and number of training samples of SVM, are less than NN. In this paper, a new model of training samples for detection system, using the normal distribution load curve at each load feeder, has been used. Voltage stability analysis is estimated by well-know L and VSM indexes. To demonstrate the validity of the proposed methods, IEEE 14 bus grid and the actual network of Yazd Province are used.

  17. Stability analysis of embedded nonlinear predictor neural generalized predictive controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesham F. Abdel Ghaffar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nonlinear Predictor-Neural Generalized Predictive Controller (NGPC is one of the most advanced control techniques that are used with severe nonlinear processes. In this paper, a hybrid solution from NGPC and Internal Model Principle (IMP is implemented to stabilize nonlinear, non-minimum phase, variable dead time processes under high disturbance values over wide range of operation. Also, the superiority of NGPC over linear predictive controllers, like GPC, is proved for severe nonlinear processes over wide range of operation. The necessary conditions required to stabilize NGPC is derived using Lyapunov stability analysis for nonlinear processes. The NGPC stability conditions and improvement in disturbance suppression are verified by both simulation using Duffing’s nonlinear equation and real-time using continuous stirred tank reactor. Up to our knowledge, the paper offers the first hardware embedded Neural GPC which has been utilized to verify NGPC–IMP improvement in realtime.

  18. Power system small signal stability analysis and control

    CERN Document Server

    Mondal, Debasish; Sengupta, Aparajita

    2014-01-01

    Power System Small Signal Stability Analysis and Control presents a detailed analysis of the problem of severe outages due to the sustained growth of small signal oscillations in modern interconnected power systems. The ever-expanding nature of power systems and the rapid upgrade to smart grid technologies call for the implementation of robust and optimal controls. Power systems that are forced to operate close to their stability limit have resulted in the use of control devices by utility companies to improve the performance of the transmission system against commonly occurring power system

  19. Stability analysis of the pulmonary liquid bilayer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, David; Grotberg, James

    2010-11-01

    The lung consists of liquid-lined compliant airways that convey air to and from the alveoli where gas exchange takes place. Because the airways are coated with a bilayer consisting of a mucus layer on top of a periciliary fluid layer, a surface tension instability can generate flows within the bilayer and induce the formation of liquid plugs that block the passage of air. This is a problem for example with premature neonates whose lungs do not produce sufficient quantities of surfactant and suffer from respiratory distress syndrome. To study this instability a system of coupled nonlinear evolution equations are derived using lubrication theory for the thicknesses of the two liquid layers which are assumed to be Newtonian. A normal mode analysis is used to investigate the initial growth of the disturbances, and reveals how the grow rate is affected by the ratio of viscosities λ, film thicknesses η and surface tensions δ of the two layers which can change by disease. Numerical solutions of the evolution equations show that there is a critical bilayer thickness ɛc above which closure occurs, and that a more viscous and thicker layer compared to the periciliary layer closes more slowly. However, ɛcis weakly dependent on λ, η and δ. We also examine the potential impact of wall shear stress and normal stress on cell damage. This work is funded by NIH HL85156.

  20. Auto-validating von Neumann rejection sampling from small phylogenetic tree spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    York Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In phylogenetic inference one is interested in obtaining samples from the posterior distribution over the tree space on the basis of some observed DNA sequence data. One of the simplest sampling methods is the rejection sampler due to von Neumann. Here we introduce an auto-validating version of the rejection sampler, via interval analysis, to rigorously draw samples from posterior distributions over small phylogenetic tree spaces. Results The posterior samples from the auto-validating sampler are used to rigorously (i estimate posterior probabilities for different rooted topologies based on mitochondrial DNA from human, chimpanzee and gorilla, (ii conduct a non-parametric test of rate variation between protein-coding and tRNA-coding sites from three primates and (iii obtain a posterior estimate of the human-neanderthal divergence time. Conclusion This solves the open problem of rigorously drawing independent and identically distributed samples from the posterior distribution over rooted and unrooted small tree spaces (3 or 4 taxa based on any multiply-aligned sequence data.

  1. Dynamics of a Water Droplet over a Sessile Oil Droplet: Compound Droplets Satisfying a Neumann Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, R; Dhiman, S; Sen, A K; Shen, Amy Q

    2017-06-13

    We report the dynamics of compound droplets with a denser liquid (water) droplet over a less dense sessile droplet (mineral oil) that satisfies the Neumann condition. For a fixed size of an oil droplet, depending on the size of the water droplet, either it attains the axisymmetric position or tends to migrate toward the edge of the oil droplet. For a water droplet-to-oil droplet at volume ratio V w /V o ≥ 0.05, stable axisymmetric configuration is achieved; for V w /V o droplet is observed. The stability and migration of water droplets of size above and below critical size, respectively, are explained using the force balance at the three-phase contact line and film tension. The larger and smaller droplets that initially attain the axisymmetric position or some radial position, respectively, evaporate continuously and thus migrate toward the edge of the oil droplet. The radial location and migration of the water droplets of different initial sizes with respect to time are studied. Experiments with water droplets on a flat oil-air interface did not show migration, which signified the role of the curved oil-air interface for droplet migration. Finally, coalescence of water droplets of size above the critical size at the axisymmetric position is demonstrated. Our compound droplet studies could be beneficial for applications involving droplet transport where contamination due to direct contact and pinning of droplets on solid surfaces is of concern. Migration and coalescence of water droplets on curved oil-air interfaces could open new frontiers in chemical and biological applications including multiphase processing and biological interaction of cells and atmospheric chemistry.

  2. Pitching stability analysis of half-rotating wing air vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoyi; Wu, Yang; Li, Qian; Li, Congmin; Qiu, Zhizhen

    2017-06-01

    Half-Rotating Wing (HRW) is a new power wing which had been developed by our work team using rotating-type flapping instead of oscillating-type flapping. Half-Rotating Wing Air Vehicle (HRWAV) is similar as Bionic Flapping Wing Air Vehicle (BFWAV). It is necessary to guarantee pitching stability of HRWAV to maintain flight stability. The working principle of HRW was firstly introduced in this paper. The rule of motion indicated that the fuselage of HRWAV without empennage would overturn forward as it generated increased pitching movement. Therefore, the empennage was added on the tail of HRWAV to balance the additional moment generated by aerodynamic force during flight. The stability analysis further shows that empennage could weaken rapidly the pitching disturbance on HRWAV and a new balance of fuselage could be achieved in a short time. Case study using numerical analysis verified correctness and validity of research results mentioned above, which could provide theoretical guidance to design and control HRWAV.

  3. A New Approach for the Stability Analysis of Wave Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya Xuan Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a new approach to investigate the stability of controlled tree-shaped wave networks and subtrees of complex wave networks. It is motivated by regarding the network as branching out from a single edge. We present the recursive relations of the Laplacian transforms of adjacent edges of the system in its branching order, which form the characteristic equation. In the stability analysis, we estimate the infimums of the recursive expressions in the inverse order based on the spectral analysis. It is a feasible way to check whether the system is exponentially stable under any control strategy or parameter choice. As an application we design the control law and study the stability of a 12-edge tree-shaped wave network.

  4. Three-dimensional Neumann-series approach to model light transport in nonuniform media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Abhinav K; Kupinski, Matthew A; Barrett, Harrison H; Clarkson, Eric; Hartman, John H

    2012-09-01

    We present the implementation, validation, and performance of a three-dimensional (3D) Neumann-series approach to model photon propagation in nonuniform media using the radiative transport equation (RTE). The RTE is implemented for nonuniform scattering media in a spherical harmonic basis for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup. The method is parallelizable and implemented on a computing system consisting of NVIDIA Tesla C2050 graphics processing units (GPUs). The GPU implementation provides a speedup of up to two orders of magnitude over non-GPU implementation, which leads to good computational efficiency for the Neumann-series method. The results using the method are compared with the results obtained using the Monte Carlo simulations for various small-geometry phantoms, and good agreement is observed. We observe that the Neumann-series approach gives accurate results in many cases where the diffusion approximation is not accurate.

  5. Stability Analysis for Compliant Constant-Force Compression Mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikechukwu Celestine UGWUOKE

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Stability analysis in compliant mechanism (CM design is of utmostimportance. From a practical point of view, a CM that is unstable is of nosignificance (has no practical value. Three useful plots were considered in theevaluation of each of the dynamic models of nine configurations of compliantconstant-force compression mechanisms (CCFCMs for their stabilitycharacteristics, which includes the polar plot based on the Routh-Hurwitzstability criterion, the Bode plot, and the Nyquist diagram which considersstability in the real frequency domain. Frequency-domain stability criterion isvery useful for determining suitable approaches to adjusting the CCFCMparameters in order to increase its relative stability. The results obtained showthat the CCFCMs investigated do exhibit higher relative stability for highervalues of damping ratio, and for zero damping ratio, all the CCFCMsinvestigated were unstable. The result also show that for the CCFCMsinvestigated to be stable, damping ratio must be greater than 0.03 (ξ > 0.03and depending on what attributes are most desirable, the CCFCM parameterscan be optimized to achieve the desired results. Nyquist criterion provides uswith suitable information concerning the absolute stability and furthermore,can be utilized to define and ascertain the relative stability of a system.

  6. A Method for stability analysis of magnetic bearings : Basic stability criteria

    CERN Document Server

    Shayak, B

    2016-01-01

    In this work I outline a general procedure for dynamic modeling and stability analysis of a magnetic bearing, which is a rotating shaft confined inside a chamber through electromagnetic forces alone. I consider the simplest type of self-propelled bearing, namely a permanent magnet synchronous motor and an induction motor rotor freely suspended inside the corresponding stator, and having no eccentricity-fedback control algorithm. Writing Euler's equations for the rotor mechanics and Maxwell's equations for the electromagnetic field leads to a systematic technique for analysing the dynamics of the complete system. Physical arguments indicate that that two essential components for rotor confinement are a spatial gradient in the stator magnetic field and a torque angle lying in the second quadrant. These predictions are confirmed through the linear stability analysis. The direct practical utility of the results is mitigated by the presence of a repeated eigenvalue in the linearized equations. Despite this limitat...

  7. Numerical Analysis of Asymptotic Stability of Equilibrium Points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Vorkel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to numerically analyze an asymptotic stability of the equilibrium points of autonomous systems of ordinary differential equations on the basis of the asymptotic stability criterion given in the article and the functional localization method of invariant compact sets. The article formulates the necessary and sufficient conditions for an asymptotic stability in terms of invariant compact sets and positively invariant sets and describes a functional localization method. Presents appropriate localization theorems for invariant compact sets of dynamical systems.To investigate the asymptotic stability is proposed an algorithm for a numerical iteration procedure to construct the localizing bounds for invariant compact sets contained in a given initial set. Application of the asymptotic stability criterion is based on the results of this procedure. The author of the article verifies the conditions of the appropriate theorem and confirms the use of this criterion.The examples of two- and three-dimensional systems of differential equations demonstrate a principle of the iteration procedure. The article also gives an example of the system with a limit cycle and it shows that the developed numerical algorithm and the functional localization method of invariant compact sets can be used to analyze stability of the limit cycles.Thanks to the method described in the article, when analyzing an asymptotic stability of equilibrium points, finding a Lyapunov function and calculating eigenvalues of a matrix of linear approximation are non-essential. Thus, it is possible to avoid labour-intensive work with complex analytical structures.The numerical iteration procedure can be used in systems of different dimensions and makes the presented algorithm of asymptotic stability analysis universal.

  8. TOBI: A nonlinear model for boiling water reactor stability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wehle, F. (Siemens/KWU, Offenbach (West Germany)); Pruitt, D.W.

    1990-06-01

    The magnitude and the divergent nature of the oscillations during the LaSalle unit 2 nuclear power plant even on March 9, 1988, renewed concern about the state of knowledge on boiling water reactor (BWR) instabilities and was followed by many activities, e.g., the Idaho Stability Symposium. For appropriate representation of the physical processes, typical BWR time-domain stability calculations with, e.g., TRAC, RETRAN, or THERMIT require a large number of axial nodes and are very costly with regard to computer time. Linear models are inexpensive, but only valid as long as the parameters have no large deviation from the reference operating conditions. The objective of this work is the development of a physical model that is applicable for stability analysis in the nonlinear regime, but without the disadvantage of numerical problems and excessive computing times. The basic concept of the model TOBI is the integral study of the interaction between the time-dependent single- and two-phase regions. A series of calculations for purely thermal-hydraulic systems and BWRs has shown that TOBI is a convenient tool for stability analysis. Because of the simple but physically realistic modeling, it is very helpful in achieving an improved understanding of the mechanisms that affect BWR stability, and it is inexpensive, with regard to computer time, to perform extensive parameter sensitivity studies, even in the nonlinear regime.

  9. Stability analysis of sandy slope considering anisotropy effect in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper aims to investigate the effect of anisotropy of shear strength parameter on the stability of a sandy slope by performing the limit equilibrium analysis. Because of scarcity of mathematical equation for anisotropic friction angle of sand, at first, all results of principal stress rotation tests are processed by artificial neural ...

  10. High efficiency regeneration and genetic stability analysis of somatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-09-07

    Sep 7, 2011 ... Genetic stability of regenerants. In order to confirm genetic integrity, the DNA of 40 random-selected regenerated plants was compared with the DNA of the mother plant. The 36 RAPD primers used in this analysis gave rise to 150 scorable band classes, ranging from 150 bp to 2.5 kb in size. The number of.

  11. Stabilization diagrams using operationalmodal analysis and sliding filters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Peter; Juul, Martin O.; Tarpø, Marius

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly ove...

  12. Stabilization diagrams using operational modal analysis and sliding filters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Peter; Juul, Martin Ørum Ørhem; Tarpø, Marius Glindtvad

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly ove...

  13. Experimental bifurcation analysis of an impact oscillator – Determining stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bureau, Emil; Schilder, Frank; Elmegård, Michael

    2014-01-01

    We propose and investigate three different methods for assessing stability of dynamical equilibrium states during experimental bifurcation analysis, using a control-based continuation method. The idea is to modify or turn off the control at an equilibrium state and study the resulting behavior. A...

  14. A tutorial on incremental stability analysis using contraction theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Fossen, Thor I.

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a methodology for dierential nonlinear stability analysis using contraction theory (Lohmiller and Slotine, 1998). The methodology includes four distinct steps: the descriptions of two systems to be compared (the plant and the observer in the case of observer convergence...... on several simple examples....

  15. Transient stability analysis of a distribution network with distributed generators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xyngi, I.; Ishchenko, A.; Popov, M.; Van der Sluis, L.

    2009-01-01

    This letter describes the transient stability analysis of a 10-kV distribution network with wind generators, microturbines, and CHP plants. The network being modeled in Matlab/Simulink takes into account detailed dynamic models of the generators. Fault simulations at various locations are

  16. Stability Analysis of Switched-Linear Hybrid Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Sella (Lorenzo); P.J. Collins (Pieter)

    2007-01-01

    htmlabstractIn this paper we develop general techniques to study stability of hybrid systems with linear continuous dynamics. These techniques are based on matrix analysis and study of differentiable manifolds. These techniques operate on the space of switching times of the hybrid systems. Some

  17. Stability Analysis of Static Slip-Energy Recovery Drive via ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The stability of the sub synchronous static slip energy recovery scheme for the speed control of slip-ring induction motor is presented. A set of nonlinear differential equations which describe the system dynamics are derived and linearized about an operating point using perturbation technique. The Eigenvalue analysis of the ...

  18. Solving integral equations with generalized Neumann kernel using global simpler GMRES for numerical conformal mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Khiy Wei; Murid, Ali H. M.; Sangawi, Ali W. K.

    2017-08-01

    We study a numerical approach for solving integral equation with adjoint generalized Neumann kernel related to conformal mapping. Previously, computation of conformal mapping of M + 1 connected regions require solving at least M + 1 integral equations with adjoint generalized Neumann kernel separately. We apply global simpler GMRES which solve nonsymmetric system with multiple right-hand sides to solve M + 1 integral equations simultaneously. We also apply fast multipole method for several matrix vector products in every iteration of global simpler GMRES. Numerical example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  19. Von Neumann entropy in a Rashba-Dresselhaus nanodot; dynamical electronic spin-orbit entanglement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaiee, Rosa; Golshan, Mohammad Mehdi

    2017-06-01

    The main purpose of the present article is to report the characteristics of von Neumann entropy, thereby, the electronic hybrid entanglement, in the heterojunction of two semiconductors, with due attention to the Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions. To this end, we cast the von Neumann entropy in terms of spin polarization and compute its time evolution; with a vast span of applications. It is assumed that gate potentials are applied to the heterojunction, providing a two dimensional parabolic confining potential (forming an isotropic nanodot at the junction), as well as means of controlling the spin-orbit couplings. The spin degeneracy is also removed, even at electronic zero momentum, by the presence of an external magnetic field which, in turn, leads to the appearance of Landau states. We then proceed by computing the time evolution of the corresponding von Neumann entropy from a separable (spin-polarized) initial state. The von Neumann entropy, as we show, indicates that electronic hybrid entanglement does occur between spin and two-dimensional Landau levels. Our results also show that von Neumann entropy, as well as the degree of spin-orbit entanglement, periodically collapses and revives. The characteristics of such behavior; period, amplitude, etc., are shown to be determined from the controllable external agents. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the phenomenon of collapse-revivals' in the behavior of von Neumann entropy, equivalently, electronic hybrid entanglement, is accompanied by plateaus (of great importance in quantum computation schemes) whose durations are, again, controlled by the external elements. Along these lines, we also make a comparison between effects of the two spin-orbit couplings on the entanglement (von Neumann entropy) characteristics. The finer details of the electronic hybrid entanglement, which may be easily verified through spin polarization measurements, are also accreted and discussed. The novel results of the present

  20. Introducing formalism in economics: The growth model of John von Neumann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria-Palermo Sandye

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to interpret John von Neumann's growth model as a decisive step of the forthcoming formalist revolution of the 1950s in economics. This model gave rise to an impressive variety of comments about its classical or neoclassical underpinnings. We go beyond this traditional criterion and interpret rather this model as the manifestation of von Neumann's involvement in the formalist programme of mathematician David Hilbert. We discuss the impact of Kurt Gödel's discoveries on this programme. We show that the growth model reflects the pragmatic turn of the formalist programme after Gödel and proposes the extension of modern axiomatisation to economics.

  1. Large time behavior of solutions to parabolic equations with Neumann boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Lio, Francesca

    2008-03-01

    In this paper we are interested in the large time behavior as t-->+[infinity] of the viscosity solutions of parabolic equations with nonlinear Neumann type boundary conditions in connection with ergodic boundary problems which have been recently studied by Barles and the author in [G. Barles, F. Da Lio, On the boundary ergodic problem for fully nonlinear equations in bounded domains with general nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linèaire 22 (5) (2005) 521-541].

  2. Prediction of the biochar carbon stability by thermal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, Ana; Cely, Paola; Plaza, César; Paz-Ferreiro, Jorge; Gascó, Gabriel

    2015-04-01

    Thermal analysis (DTA, DSC, TG and dTG) has been used for decades to characterize carbonaceous materials used as fuels (oil, coal). Our research group has used these techniques for the characterisation of different biochars in order to assess proportions of labile and recalcitrant organic matter and to study the evolution of soil organic matter in soils amended with biochar. Thermal analysis could be used to determine the proximate analysis, i.e., the percentage of humidity, volatile matter and fixed carbon or to calculate the thermostability index, previously identified as a reliable parameter for evaluating the level of stability of organic matter in organic wastes and biochar. Relationship between the stability of biochar, the raw material and the pyrolysis conditions could be established by thermal analysis techniques.

  3. Stability Analysis of Some Nonlinear Anaerobic Digestion Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Simeonov

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The paper deals with local asymptotic stability analysis of some mass balance dynamic models (based on one and on two-stage reaction schemes of the anaerobic digestion (AD in CSTR. The equilibrium states for models based on one (with Monod, Contois and Haldane shapes for the specific growth rate and on two-stage (only with Monod shapes for both the specific growth rate of acidogenic and methanogenic bacterial populations reaction schemes have been determined solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations using Maples. Their stability has been analyzed systematically, which provides insight and guidance for AD bioreactors design, operation and control.

  4. Stability analysis of underground openings for extraction of natural stone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karmen Fifer Bizjak

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Extraction of natural stone is usually carried out in surface quarries. Underground excavation is not a frequently used method. Due to the restrictive environmental legislature and limited stores of natural stone, underground extraction has become quite an interestingalternative. Dimensions of underground openings are determined with stability analyses.Prior to starting a numerical analysis of a large underground opening it is very important to determine the mechanism of failure and set up a proper numerical model. The continuum method is usually used in rock mechanics. A disadvantage of this calculation is that it cannotbe applied to a large number of joints. Other methods are preferred, such as the numerical discrete method, which allows joint systems to be involved into calculations. The most probable failure of rock with several joint systems is block sliding. In the example of themarble of Hotavlje both methods were used. It was established that the continuum method is convenient for the global stability prediction of the underground opening. Further discretemethod enable the block stability calculation. The analytical block analysis is still accurate for the a stability calculation of single block. The prerequisite for a good numerical analysis is sufficient quality data on geomechanical properties of rock. In-situ tests, laboratory tests and geotechnical measurements on the site are therefore necessary. Optimum dimensions of underground chambers in the Quarry of Hotavlje were calculated by using several numericalmodels, and the maximum chamber width of 12 m was obtained.

  5. Analysis of edge stability for models of heat flux width

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Makowski

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Detailed measurements of the ne, Te, and Ti profiles in the vicinity of the separatrix of ELMing H-mode discharges have been used to examine plasma stability at the extreme edge of the plasma and assess stability dependent models of the heat flux width. The results are strongly contrary to the critical gradient model, which posits that a ballooning instability determines a gradient scale length related to the heat flux width. The results of this analysis are not sensitive to the choice of location to evaluate stability. Significantly, it is also found that the results are completely consistent with the heuristic drift model for the heat flux width. Here the edge pressure gradient scales with plasma density and is proportional to the pressure gradient inferred from the equilibrium in accordance with the predictions of that theory.

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS FOR STABILITY ANALYSIS OF TOWER CRANES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinel'shchikov Aleksey Vladimirovich

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Tower cranes are one of the main tools for execution of reloading works during construction. Design of tower cranes is carried out in accordance with RD 22-166-86 “Construction of tower cranes. Rules of analysis”, according to which to ensure stability it is required not to exceed the overturning moment upper limit. The calculation of these moments is carried out with the use of empirical coefficients and quite time-consuming. Moreover, normative methodology only considers the static position of the crane and does not take into account the presence of dynamic transients due to crane functioning (lifting and swinging of the load, boom turning and the presence of the dynamic external load (e.g. from wind for different orientations of the crane. This paper proposes a method of determining the stability coefficient of the crane based on acting reaction forces at the support points - the points of contact of wheels with the crane rail track, which allows us, at the design stage, to investigate stability of tower crane under variable external loads and operating conditions. Subject: the safety of tower cranes operation with regard to compliance with regulatory requirements of ensuring their stability both at the design stage and at the operational stage. Research objectives: increasing the safety of operation of tower cranes on the basis of improving methodology of their design to ensure static and dynamic stability. Materials and methods: analysis and synthesis of the regulatory framework and modern research works on provision of safe operation of tower cranes, the method of numerical simulation. Results: we proposed the formula for analysis of stability of tower cranes using the resulting reaction forces at the supports of the crane at the point of contact of the wheel with the rail track.

  7. Simulating photon-transport in uniform media using the radiative transport equation: a study using the Neumann-series approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Abhinav K; Kupinski, Matthew A; Masumura, Takahiro; Clarkson, Eric; Maslov, Alexey V; Barrett, Harrison H

    2012-08-01

    We present the implementation, validation, and performance of a Neumann-series approach for simulating light propagation at optical wavelengths in uniform media using the radiative transport equation (RTE). The RTE is solved for an anisotropic-scattering medium in a spherical harmonic basis for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup. The main objectives of this paper are threefold: to present the theory behind the Neumann-series form for the RTE, to design and develop the mathematical methods and the software to implement the Neumann series for a diffuse-optical-imaging setup, and, finally, to perform an exhaustive study of the accuracy, practical limitations, and computational efficiency of the Neumann-series method. Through our results, we demonstrate that the Neumann-series approach can be used to model light propagation in uniform media with small geometries at optical wavelengths.

  8. Stability Analysis of the Slowed-Rotor Compound Helicopter Configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floros, Matthew W.; Johnson, Wayne

    2007-01-01

    The stability and control of rotors at high advance ratio are considered. Teetering, articulated, gimbaled, and rigid hub types are considered for a compound helicopter (rotor and fixed wing). Stability predictions obtained using an analytical rigid flapping blade analysis, a rigid blade CAMRAD II model, and an elastic blade CAMRAD II model are compared. For the flapping blade analysis, the teetering rotor is the most stable, showing no instabilities up to an advance ratio of 3 and a Lock number of 18. A notional elastic blade model of a teetering rotor is unstable at an advance ratio of 1.5, independent of pitch frequency. Analysis of the trim controls and blade flapping shows that for small positive collective pitch, trim can be maintained without excessive control input or flapping angles.

  9. Stability Analysis of a Helicopter with an External Slung Load System

    OpenAIRE

    Thanapalan, Kary

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes the stability analysis of a helicopter with an underslung external load system. The Lyapunov second method is considered for the stability analysis. The system is considered as a cascade connection of uncertain nonlinear system. The stability analysis is conducted to ensure the stabilisation of the helicopter system and the positioning of the underslung load at hover condition. Stability analysis and numerical results proved that if desired condition for the stability is ...

  10. Slope Stability Analysis of Mountain Pine Beetle Impacted Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogenschuetz, N. M.; Bearup, L. A.; Maxwell, R. M.; Santi, P. M.

    2015-12-01

    The mountain pine beetle (MPB), Dendroctonus ponderosae, has caused significant tree mortality within North America. Specifically, the MPB affects ponderosa pine and lodgepole pine forests within the Rocky Mountains with approximately 3.4 million acres of forest impacted over the past 20 years. The full impacts of such unprecedented tree mortality on hydrology and slope stability is not well understood. This work studies the affects of MPB infestation on slope instability. A large-scale statistical analysis of MPB and slope stability is combined with a more in-depth analysis of the factors that contribute to slope stability. These factors include: slope aspect, slope angle, root decay, regrowth and hydrologic properties, such as water table depth and soil moisture. Preliminary results show that MPB may affect a greater number of north- and east-facing slopes. This is in accordance with more water availability and a higher MPB impacted tree density on north-facing slopes which, in turn, could potentially increase the probability of slope failure. Root strength is predicted to decrease as the roots stop transpiring 3-4 years proceeding infestation. However, this effect on the hillslope is likely being counterbalanced by the regrowth of grasses, forbs, shrubs, and trees. In addition, the increase in water table height from the lack of transpiring trees is adding a driving force to the slopes. The combination of all these factors will be used in order to assess the effects of MPB tree mortality on slope stability.

  11. On the convergence rate of the Dirichlet-Neumann iteration for unsteady thermal fluid-structure interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monge, Azahar; Birken, Philipp

    2017-11-01

    We consider the Dirichlet-Neumann iteration for partitioned simulation of thermal fluid-structure interaction, also called conjugate heat transfer. We analyze its convergence rate for two coupled fully discretized 1D linear heat equations with jumps in the material coefficients across the interface. The heat equations are discretized using an implicit Euler scheme in time, whereas a finite element method on one domain and a finite volume method with variable aspect ratio on the other one are used in space. We provide an exact formula for the spectral radius of the iteration matrix. The formula indicates that for large time steps, the convergence rate is the aspect ratio times the quotient of heat conductivities and that decreasing the time step will improve the convergence rate. Numerical results confirm the analysis and show that the 1D formula is a very good estimator in 2D and even for nonlinear thermal FSI applications.

  12. Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Currie

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available We consider the spectral structure of second order boundary-value problems on graphs. A variational formulation for boundary-value problems on graphs is given. As a consequence we can formulate an analogue of Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs. This in turn gives rise to eigenvalue and eigenfunction asymptotic approximations.

  13. Solvability of some Neumann-type boundary value problems for biharmonic equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Karachik

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We study some boundary-value problems for inhomogeneous biharmonic equation with periodic boundary conditions. These problems are generalization to periodic data of the Neumann-type boundary-value problems considered before by the authors. We obtain existence and uniqueness of solutions for the problems under consideration.

  14. Nonlinear parabolic problems with Neumann-type boundary conditions and L^1-data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abderrahmane El Hachimi

    2007-11-01

    $$ \\frac{\\partial u}{\\partial t}-\\triangle_{p}u+\\alpha(u=f \\quad \\text{in } ]0,\\ T[\\times\\Omega, $$ with Neumann-type boundary conditions and initial data in $L^1$. Our approach is based essentially on the time discretization technique by Euler forward scheme.

  15. Existence of infinitely many nodal solutions for a superlinear Neumann boundary value problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aixia Qian

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence of a class of nonlinear elliptic equation with Neumann boundary condition, and obtain infinitely many nodal solutions. The study of such a problem is based on the variational methods and critical point theory. We prove the conclusion by using the symmetric mountain-pass theorem under the Cerami condition.

  16. Pairs of sign-changing solutions for sublinear elliptic equations with Neumann boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengyue Li

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We consider the Neumann problem for a sublinear elliptic equation in a convex bounded domain of $\\mathbb{R}^{N}$. Using an variant of Clark Theorem, we obtain the existence and multiplicity of its pairs of sign-changing solutions.

  17. A priori estimates and existence for quasilinear elliptic equations with nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe Hu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the existence of positive solutions for a nonlinear Neumann problem involving the m-Laplacian. The equation does not have a variational structure. We use a blow-up argument and a Liouville-type theorem to obtain a priori estimates and obtain the existence of positive solutions by the Krasnoselskii fixed point theorem.

  18. Nonlinear Fredholm alternative for the p-Laplacian under nonhomogeneous Neumann boundary condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Ferron Madeira

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The nonlinear Fredholm alternative for the p-Laplacian in higher dimensions is established when nonhomogeneous terms appear in the equation and in the Neumann boundary condition. Further, the geometry of the associated energy functional is described and compared with the Dirichlet counterpart. The proofs require only variational methods.

  19. Paulo Freire and the Politics of Education: A Response to Neumann

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Jacob Neumann provides a thoughtful reading of "Paulo Freire in the 21st century: Education, dialogue, and transformation" [v48 n6 p634-644 2016]. His comments on the importance of contextualising Freire's work and the value of openness in engaging Freirean ideas are insightful and helpful. His use of the term "apolitical" is,…

  20. Magnetic bottles for the Neumann problem: The case of dimension 3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/pmsc/112/01/0071-0084. Keywords. Spectral theory; Schrödinger operators; magnetic fields; superconductivity. Abstract. The main object of this paper is to analyze the recent results obtained on the Neumann realization of the Schrödinger operator in the case of dimension 3 by Lu and Pan.

  1. Time-domain analysis of BWR core stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokomizo, Osamu

    1983-01-01

    A time-domain stability analysis program for boiling water nuclear reactors (BWRs) has been developed and applied to analysis of a commercial size BWR. The program takes into account parallel channel effects. The model incorporates (a) one point neutron kinetics with weighted average reactivity feedback, (b) radial heat conduction and transfer in fuel rods, (c) fuel channel thermal hydraulics with quasi-equilibrium subcooled boiling approximation, and (d) recirculation hydrodynamics. Nonlinearity and parallel channel effects are examined through analyses of a commercial size BWR. Core behavior has been found virtually linear for small but finite amplitude oscillations, which proved the validity of frequency-domain stability analyses for finite disturbances. It has also been found that single channel analyses with core averaged thermal hydraulic properties give more stable results than parallel channel analyses.

  2. Stability analysis of direct current control in current source rectifier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Dapeng; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2017-01-01

    Current source rectifier with high switching frequency has a great potential for improving the power efficiency and power density in ac-dc power conversion. This paper analyzes the stability of direct current control based on the time delay effect. Small signal model including dynamic behaviors...... of dc link is developed to identify the control plants of grid ac current control and dc current control. Analysis on the poles and zeros under dq frame is carried out. Base on this model, it turns out that the phase lag caused by the time delay can stabilized the grid ac current control while reduces...... the stable region for dc current control. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the theoretical analysis....

  3. An advanced precision analysis of the SM vacuum stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednyakov, A. V.

    2017-09-01

    The talk is devoted to the problem of stability of the Standard Model vacuum. The effective potential for the Higgs field, which can potentialy exhibit additional, deeper minimum, is considered as a convenient tool for addressing the problem. Different methods and approximations used to calculate the potential are considered. Special attention is paid to the renomalization-group approach that allows one to carry out three-loop analysis of the problem. By means of an explicit gauge-independent procedure the absolute stability bounds on the observed Higgs and top-quark masses are derived. The importance of high-order corrections is demonstrated. In addition, potential metastablity of the SM is discussed together with modifications of the analysis due to some New Physics.

  4. Preliminary hazards analysis of thermal scrap stabilization system. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, W.S.

    1994-08-23

    This preliminary analysis examined the HA-21I glovebox and its supporting systems for potential process hazards. Upon further analysis, the thermal stabilization system has been installed in gloveboxes HC-21A and HC-21C. The use of HC-21C and HC-21A simplified the initial safety analysis. In addition, these gloveboxes were cleaner and required less modification for operation than glovebox HA-21I. While this document refers to glovebox HA-21I for the hazards analysis performed, glovebox HC-21C is sufficiently similar that the following analysis is also valid for HC-21C. This hazards analysis document is being re-released as revision 1 to include the updated flowsheet document (Appendix C) and the updated design basis (Appendix D). The revised Process Flow Schematic has also been included (Appendix E). This Current revision incorporates the recommendations provided from the original hazards analysis as well. The System Design Description (SDD) has also been appended (Appendix H) to document the bases for Safety Classification of thermal stabilization equipment.

  5. Stability Analysis of Discontinuous Galerkin Approximations to the Elastodynamics Problem

    KAUST Repository

    Antonietti, Paola F.

    2015-11-21

    We consider semi-discrete discontinuous Galerkin approximations of both displacement and displacement-stress formulations of the elastodynamics problem. We prove the stability analysis in the natural energy norm and derive optimal a-priori error estimates. For the displacement-stress formulation, schemes preserving the total energy of the system are introduced and discussed. We verify our theoretical estimates on two and three dimensions test problems.

  6. Lyapunov stability analysis for the generalized Kapitza pendulum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druzhinina, O. V.; Sevastianov, L. A.; Vasilyev, S. A.; Vasilyeva, D. G.

    2017-12-01

    In this work generalization of Kapitza pendulum whose suspension point moves in the vertical and horizontal planes is made. Lyapunov stability analysis of the motion for this pendulum subjected to excitation of periodic driving forces and stochastic driving forces that act in the vertical and horizontal planes has been studied. The numerical study of the random motion for generalized Kapitza pendulum under stochastic driving forces has made. It is shown the existence of stable quasi-periodic motion for this pendulum.

  7. Stability Analysis of Some Nonlinear Anaerobic Digestion Models

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Simeonov; Sette Diop

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: The paper deals with local asymptotic stability analysis of some mass balance dynamic models (based on one and on two-stage reaction schemes) of the anaerobic digestion (AD) in CSTR. The equilibrium states for models based on one (with Monod, Contois and Haldane shapes for the specific growth rate) and on two-stage (only with Monod shapes for both the specific growth rate of acidogenic and methanogenic bacterial populations) reaction schemes have been determined solving sets of nonl...

  8. Tools for voltage stability analysis, including a probabilistic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vieira Filho, X.; Martins, N.; Bianco, A.; Pinto, H.J.C.P. [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pereira, M.V.F. [Power System Research (PSR), Inc., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gomes, P.; Santos, M.G. dos [ELETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1994-12-31

    This paper reviews some voltage stability analysis tools that are being used or envisioned for expansion and operational planning studies in the Brazilian system, as well as, their applications. The paper also shows that deterministic tools can be linked together in a probabilistic framework, so as to provide complementary help to the analyst in choosing the most adequate operation strategies, or the best planning solutions for a given system. (author) 43 refs., 8 figs., 8 tabs.

  9. Stability Analysis of a Reaction-Diffusion System Modeling Atherogenesis

    KAUST Repository

    Ibragimov, Akif

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a linear, asymptotic stability analysis for a reaction-diffusionconvection system modeling atherogenesis, the initiation of atherosclerosis, as an inflammatory instability. Motivated by the disease paradigm articulated by Ross, atherogenesis is viewed as an inflammatory spiral with a positive feedback loop involving key cellular and chemical species interacting and reacting within the intimal layer of muscular arteries. The inflammatory spiral is initiated as an instability from a healthy state which is defined to be an equilibrium state devoid of certain key inflammatory markers. Disease initiation is studied through a linear, asymptotic stability analysis of a healthy equilibrium state. Various theorems are proved, giving conditions on system parameters guaranteeing stability of the health state, and a general framework is developed for constructing perturbations from a healthy state that exhibit blow-up, which are interpreted as corresponding to disease initiation. The analysis reveals key features that arterial geometry, antioxidant levels, and the source of inflammatory components (through coupled third-kind boundary conditions or through body sources) play in disease initiation. © 2010 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

  10. Pressure potential and stability analysis in an acoustical noncontact transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, J.; Liu, C. J.; Zhang, W. J.

    2017-01-01

    Near field acoustic traveling wave is one of the most popular principles in noncontact manipulations and transportations. The stability behavior is a key factor in the industrial applications of acoustical noncontact transportation. We present here an in-depth analysis of the transportation stability of a planar object levitated in near field acoustic traveling waves. To more accurately describe the pressure distributions on the radiation surface, a 3D nonlinear traveling wave model is presented. A closed form solution is derived based on the pressure potential to quantitatively calculate the restoring forces and moments under small disturbances. The physical explanations of the effects of fluid inertia and the effects of non-uniform pressure distributions are provided in detail. It is found that a vibration rail with tapered cross section provides more stable transportation than a rail with rectangular cross section. The present study sheds light on the issue of quantitative evaluation of stability in acoustic traveling waves and proposes three main factors that influence the stability: (a) vibration shape, (b) pressure distribution and (c) restoring force/moment. It helps to provide a better understanding of the physics behind the near field acoustic transportation and provide useful design and optimization tools for industrial applications.

  11. Consistency, stability, and convergence of Newton-Cotes rule for nonlinear Goursat problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deraman, Ros Fadilah; Kasron, Noraini; Suharto, Erni Suryani; Nasir, Mohd Agos Salim

    2017-05-01

    Many nonlinear problems that arise in various sciences and engineering fields can be described by the Goursat partial differential equation. The study of this problem has not received much attention especially in theoretical parts. The proposed scheme is supported by examining a nonlinear Goursat problem and the verification of these theoretical results from several series of numerical experiments are discussed. Results obtained show that the proposed new scheme is consistent through Taylor series expansion and stable by using the von Neumann analysis and essence of stability. In addition to that, by looking at the trend of the numerical results it is proved that the new scheme is also convergent.

  12. Linear stability analysis reveals exclusion zone for sliding bed transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talmon Arnold M.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A bend or any another pipe component disturbs solids transport in pipes. Longitudinal pressure profiles downstream of such a component may show a stationary transient harmonic wave, as revealed by a recent settling slurry laboratory experiment. Therefore the fundamental transient response of the two-layer model for fully stratified flow is investigated as a first approach. A linear stability analysis of the sliding bed configuration is conducted. No stationary transient harmonic waves are found in this analysis, but adaptation lengths for exponential recovery are quantified. An example calculation is given for a 0.1 m diameter pipeline.

  13. Stability Analysis of Methane Hydrate-Bearing Soils Considering Dissociation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiromasa Iwai

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the methane hydrate dissociation process may lead to unstable behavior such as large ground deformations, uncontrollable gas production, etc. A linear instability analysis was performed in order to investigate which variables have a significant effect on the onset of the instability behavior of methane hydrate-bearing soils subjected to dissociation. In the analysis a simplified viscoplastic constitutive equation is used for the soil sediment. The stability analysis shows that the onset of instability of the material system mainly depends on the strain hardening-softening parameter, the degree of strain, and the permeability for water and gas. Then, we conducted a numerical analysis of gas hydrate-bearing soil considering hydrate dissociation in order to investigate the effect of the parameters on the system. The simulation method used in the present study can describe the chemo-thermo-mechanically coupled behaviors such as phase changes from hydrates to water and gas, temperature changes and ground deformation. From the numerical results, we found that basically the larger the permeability for water and gas is, the more stable the simulation results are. These results are consistent with those obtained from the linear stability analysis.

  14. Stability analysis on natural circulation boiling water reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metz, Peter

    1999-05-01

    The purpose of the study is a stability analysis of the simplified boiling water reactor concept. A fluid dynamics code, DYNOS, was developed and successfully validated against FRIGG and DESIRE data and a stability benchmark on the Ringhals 1 forced circulation BWR. Three simplified desings were considered in the analysis: The SWRIOOO by Siemens and the SBWR and ESBWR from the General Electric Co. For all three design operational characteristics, i.e. power versus flow rate maps, were calculated. The effects which different geometric and operational parameters, such as the riser height, inlet subcooling etc., have on the characteristics have been investigated. Dynamic simulations on the three simplified design revealed the geysering and the natural circulation oscillations modes only. They were, however, only encountered at pressure below 0.6 MPa. Stability maps for all tree simplified BWRs were calculated and plotted. The study concluded that a fast pressurisation of the reactor vessel is necessary to eliminate the possibility of geysering or natural circulation oscillations mode instability. (au) 26 tabs., 88 ills.

  15. Linear stability analysis of the Noh expanding-shock solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, M.; Velikovich, A. L.; Giuliani, J. L.; Taylor, B. D.; Zalesak, S. T.; Iwamoto, Y.

    2015-11-01

    The self-similar one-dimensional (1D) solution of the Noh problem has been used for verification of every code designed to model implosions, explosions and shock waves. The long experience of successful verification of two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) hydrocodes against the 1D Noh solution is an implicit confirmation of its hydrodynamic stability. Still, as far as we know, stability analysis of the Noh solution has never been done. Here, such analysis is reported for spherical and cylindrical geometry assuming small-amplitude perturbations. In either case stability of the Noh solution has been demonstrated, all initial perturbations exhibiting a power-law, oscillatory or monotonic, decay with time. The dispersion equation determining the complex eigenvalues of the problem, i. e. the power indices characteristic of this decay, has been derived. Its numerical solution is presented, and the particular and limiting cases when the eigenvalues can be calculated analytically are outlined. Explicit formulas for the eigenfunction profiles corresponding to these eigenvalues are presented. The opportunities of using these new exact solutions for verification of hydrocodes in 2D and 3D are discussed. Work supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and by the US DOE/NNSA.

  16. Well-posedness and exact controllability of a fourth order Schrodinger equation with variable coefficients and Neumann boundary control and collocated observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruili Wen

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We consider an open-loop system of a fourth order Schrodinger equation with variable coefficients and Neumann boundary control and collocated observation. Using the multiplier method on Riemannian manifold we show that that the system is well-posed in the sense of Salamon. This implies that the exponential stability of the closed-loop system under the direct proportional output feedback control and the exact controllability of open-loop system are equivalent. So in order to conclude feedback stabilization from well-posedness, we study the exact controllability under a uniqueness assumption by presenting the observability inequality for the dual system. In addition, we show that the system is regular in the sense of Weiss, and that the feedthrough operator is zero.

  17. Stability Analysis of a Variant of the Prony Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodney Jaramillo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Prony type methods are used in many engineering applications to determine the exponential fit corresponding to a dataset. In this paper we study a variant of Prony's method that was used by Martín-Landrove et al., in a process of segmentation of T2-weighted MRI brain images. We show the equivalence between that method and the classical Prony method and study the stability of the computed solutions with respect to noise in the data set. In particular, we show that the relative error in the calculation of the exponential fit parameters is linear with respect to noise in the data. Our analysis is based on classical results from linear algebra, matrix computation theory, and the theory of stability for roots of polynomials.

  18. LInear stability analysis of granular Taylor-Couette flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Meheboob

    2017-11-01

    The linear stability analysis of the circular Couette flow of granular materials is carried out in the rapid shear regime. The kinetic-theory based continuum models, with a separate balance equation for granular/fluctuation energy, is employed, and the underlying rheological model is likely to be valid for a range of density from the dilute to dense regime. The steady base state equations for the case of rotating inner cylinder and stationary outer cylinder are solved numerically; it is found that the inelastic dissipation can make the flow radially inhomogeneous even in the narrow-gap limit. The linear stability equations are solved using spectral collocation method. The onset of Taylor-like vortices and the effects of inelastic dissipation and compressibility on them are analysed.

  19. Flight stability analysis under changes in insect morphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noest, Robert; Wang, Z. Jane

    2015-11-01

    Insect have an amazing ability to control their flight, being able to perform both fast aerial maneuvers and stable hovering. The insect's neural system has developed various mechanism by which it can control these flying feats, but we expect that insect morphology is equally important in facilitating the aerial control. We perform a computational study using a quasi-steady instantaneous flapping flight model which allows us to freely adapt the insect's morphological parameters. We picked a fruit fly as the basis for the body shape and wing motion, and study the effect of changes to the morphology for a range of wing stroke amplitudes. In each case we determine the periodic flight mode, with the period equal to a single wing beat, and do a Floquet stability analysis of the flight. To interpret our results we will compare the changed morphology to related insects. We discuss the implications of the insects location on the stability diagram.

  20. Parallel-Computing Concepts and Methods in Large Scale Floquet Analysis of Helicopter Trim and Stability

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gaonkar, G

    1998-01-01

    Rotorcraft stability investigation involves a nonlinear trim analysis for the control inputs and periodic responses, and, as a follow-up, a linearized stability analysis for the Floquet transition matrix (FTM...

  1. Experimental Testing for Stability Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources Components with Storage Devices and Loads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mihet-Popa, Lucian; Groza, Voicu; Isleifsson, Fridrik Rafn

    2012-01-01

    Experimental Testing for Stability Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources Components with Storage Devices and Loads......Experimental Testing for Stability Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources Components with Storage Devices and Loads...

  2. Stability analysis of the high performance light water reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortega Gomez, Tino

    2009-03-15

    In the Generation IV international advanced nuclear reactor development program, the High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) is one of the most promising candidates. Important features are its inherently high thermodynamic efficiency (of approximately 45 %) and the ability to use existing supercritical water technology which previously has been developed and deployed for fossil fired power plants. Within a HPLWR core, the fluid experiences a drastic change in thermal and transport properties such as density, dynamic viscosity, specific heat and thermal conductivity, as the supercritical water is heated from 280 C to 500 C. The density change substantially exceeds that in a Boiling Water Reactor (i.e., HPLWR: density changes from 780 kg/m{sup 3} to 90 kg/m{sup 3}; BWR: density changes from 750 kg/m{sup 3} to 198 kg/m3). Due to this density change, the HPLWR can be - under certain operation parameters - susceptible to various thermal-hydraulic flow instabilities, which have to be avoided. In this thesis a stability analysis for the HPLWR is presented. This analysis is based on analytical considerations and numerical results, which were obtained by a computer code developed by the author. The heat-up stages of the HPLWR three-pass core are identified in respect to the relevant flow instability phenomena. The modeling approach successfully used for BWR stability analysis is extended to supercritical pressure operation conditions. In particular, a one-dimensional equation set representing the coolant flow of HPLWR fuel assemblies has been implemented in a commercial software named COMSOL to perform steady-state, time-dependent, and modal analyses. An investigation of important static instabilities (i.e., Ledinegg instabilities, flow maldistribution) and Pressure Drop Oscillations (PDO) have been carried out and none were found under operation conditions of the HPLWR. Three types of Density Wave Oscillation (DWO) modes have been studied: the single channel DWO, the

  3. Advanced methods for BWR transient and stability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, A.; Wehle, F.; Opel, S.; Velten, R. [AREVA, AREVA NP, Erlangen (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The design of advanced Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) fuel assemblies and cores is governed by the basic requirement of safe, reliable and flexible reactor operation with optimal fuel utilization. AREVA NP's comprehensive steady state and transient BWR methodology allows the designer to respond quickly and effectively to customer needs. AREVA NP uses S-RELAP5/RAMONA as the appropriate methodology for the representation of the entire plant. The 3D neutron kinetics and thermal-hydraulics code has been developed for the prediction of system, fuel and core behavior and provides additional margins for normal operation and transients. Of major importance is the extensive validation of the methodology. The validation is based on measurements at AREVA NP's test facilities, and comparison of the predictions with a great wealth of measured data gathered from BWR plants during many years of operation. Three of the main fields of interest are stability analysis, operational transients and reactivity initiated accidents (RIAs). The introduced 3D methodology for operational transients shows significant margin regarding the operational limit of critical power ratio, which has been approved by the German licensing authority. Regarding BWR stability a large number of measurements at different plants under various conditions have been performed and successfully post-calculated with RAMONA. This is the basis of reliable pre-calculations of the locations of regional and core-wide stability boundaries. (authors)

  4. Stabilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad H. Al-Malack

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Fuel oil flyash (FFA produced in power and water desalination plants firing crude oils in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is being disposed in landfills, which increases the burden on the environment, therefore, FFA utilization must be encouraged. In the current research, the effect of adding FFA on the engineering properties of two indigenous soils, namely sand and marl, was investigated. FFA was added at concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15% to both soils with and without the addition of Portland cement. Mixtures of the stabilized soils were thoroughly evaluated using compaction, California Bearing Ratio (CBR, unconfined compressive strength (USC and durability tests. Results of these tests indicated that stabilized sand mixtures could not attain the ACI strength requirements. However, marl was found to satisfy the ACI strength requirement when only 5% of FFA was added together with 5% of cement. When the FFA was increased to 10% and 15%, the mixture’s strength was found to decrease to values below the ACI requirements. Results of the Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure (TCLP, which was performed on samples that passed the ACI requirements, indicated that FFA must be cautiously used in soil stabilization.

  5. Injectivity of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann Functional and the Schwarzian Derivative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando A.F.C. Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we show the relation between the Schwartz kernels of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators associated to the metrics g0 and h = F* (e²φ g0 on the circular annulus A R, and the Schwarzian Derivative of the argument function f of the restriction of the diffeomorphism F to the boundary of A R.Neste artigo mostramos a relação entre os núcleos de Schwartz dos operadores Dirichlet-to-Neumann associados à métrica g0 e h = F* (e²φ g0, no anel circular A R, e a Derivada Schwarziana da função argumento f, da restrição do difeomorfismo F à fronteira de A R.

  6. Contact angles on a soft solid: from Young's law to Neumann's law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Antonin; Das, Siddhartha; Snoeijer, Jacco H; Andreotti, Bruno

    2012-12-07

    The contact angle that a liquid drop makes on a soft substrate does not obey the classical Young's relation, since the solid is deformed elastically by the action of the capillary forces. The finite elasticity of the solid also renders the contact angles differently from those predicted by Neumann's law, which applies when the drop is floating on another liquid. Here, we derive an elastocapillary model for contact angles on a soft solid by coupling a mean-field model for the molecular interactions to elasticity. We demonstrate that the limit of a vanishing elastic modulus yields Neumann's law or a variation thereof, depending on the force transmission in the solid surface layer. The change in contact angle from the rigid limit to the soft limit appears when the length scale defined by the ratio of surface tension to elastic modulus γ/E reaches the range of molecular interactions.

  7. Boundary integral equation Neumann-to-Dirichlet map method for gratings in conical diffraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yumao; Lu, Ya Yan

    2011-06-01

    Boundary integral equation methods for diffraction gratings are particularly suitable for gratings with complicated material interfaces but are difficult to implement due to the quasi-periodic Green's function and the singular integrals at the corners. In this paper, the boundary integral equation Neumann-to-Dirichlet map method for in-plane diffraction problems of gratings [Y. Wu and Y. Y. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A26, 2444 (2009)] is extended to conical diffraction problems. The method uses boundary integral equations to calculate the so-called Neumann-to-Dirichlet maps for homogeneous subdomains of the grating, so that the quasi-periodic Green's functions can be avoided. Since wave field components are coupled on material interfaces with the involvement of tangential derivatives, a least squares polynomial approximation technique is developed to evaluate tangential derivatives along these interfaces for conical diffraction problems. Numerical examples indicate that the method performs equally well for dielectric or metallic gratings.

  8. A High-Order Direct Solver for Helmholtz Equations with Neumann Boundary Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xian-He; Zhuang, Yu

    1997-01-01

    In this study, a compact finite-difference discretization is first developed for Helmholtz equations on rectangular domains. Special treatments are then introduced for Neumann and Neumann-Dirichlet boundary conditions to achieve accuracy and separability. Finally, a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) based technique is used to yield a fast direct solver. Analytical and experimental results show this newly proposed solver is comparable to the conventional second-order elliptic solver when accuracy is not a primary concern, and is significantly faster than that of the conventional solver if a highly accurate solution is required. In addition, this newly proposed fourth order Helmholtz solver is parallel in nature. It is readily available for parallel and distributed computers. The compact scheme introduced in this study is likely extendible for sixth-order accurate algorithms and for more general elliptic equations.

  9. Neumann Series on the Recursive Moments of Copula-Dependent Aggregate Discounted Claims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Norafidah Mohd Ramli

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We study the recursive moments of aggregate discounted claims, where the dependence between the inter-claim time and the subsequent claim size is considered. Using the general expression for the m-th order moment proposed by Léveillé and Garrido (Scand. Actuar. J. 2001, 2, 98–110, which takes the form of the Volterra integral equation (VIE, we used the method of successive approximation to derive the Neumann series of the recursive moments. We then compute the first two moments of aggregate discounted claims, i.e., its mean and variance, based on the Neumann series expression, where the dependence structure is captured by a Farlie–Gumbel–Morgenstern (FGM copula, a Gaussian copula and a Gumbel copula with exponential marginal distributions. Insurance premium calculations with their figures are also illustrated.

  10. Structure and Reversibility of 2D von Neumann Cellular Automata Over Triangular Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uguz, Selman; Redjepov, Shovkat; Acar, Ecem; Akin, Hasan

    2017-06-01

    Even though the fundamental main structure of cellular automata (CA) is a discrete special model, the global behaviors at many iterative times and on big scales could be a close, nearly a continuous, model system. CA theory is a very rich and useful phenomena of dynamical model that focuses on the local information being relayed to the neighboring cells to produce CA global behaviors. The mathematical points of the basic model imply the computable values of the mathematical structure of CA. After modeling the CA structure, an important problem is to be able to move forwards and backwards on CA to understand their behaviors in more elegant ways. A possible case is when CA is to be a reversible one. In this paper, we investigate the structure and the reversibility of two-dimensional (2D) finite, linear, triangular von Neumann CA with null boundary case. It is considered on ternary field ℤ3 (i.e. 3-state). We obtain their transition rule matrices for each special case. For given special triangular information (transition) rule matrices, we prove which triangular linear 2D von Neumann CAs are reversible or not. It is known that the reversibility cases of 2D CA are generally a much challenged problem. In the present study, the reversibility problem of 2D triangular, linear von Neumann CA with null boundary is resolved completely over ternary field. As far as we know, there is no structure and reversibility study of von Neumann 2D linear CA on triangular lattice in the literature. Due to the main CA structures being sufficiently simple to investigate in mathematical ways, and also very complex to obtain in chaotic systems, it is believed that the present construction can be applied to many areas related to these CA using any other transition rules.

  11. A Neumann problem for a system depending on the unknown boundary values of the solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Amster

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A semilinear system of second order ODEs under Neumann conditions is studied. The system has the particularity that its nonlinear term depends on the (unknown Dirichlet values $y(0$ and $y(1$ of the solution. Asymptotic and non-asymptotic sufficient conditions of Landesman-Lazer type for existence of solutions are given. We generalize our previous results for a scalar equation, and a well known result by Nirenberg for a nonlinearity independent of $y(0$ and $y(1$.

  12. Dirichlet and Neumann Problems for String Equation, Poncelet Problem and Pell-Abel Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir P. Burskii

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available We consider conditions for uniqueness of the solution of the Dirichlet or the Neumann problem for 2-dimensional wave equation inside of bi-quadratic algebraic curve. We show that the solution is non-trivial if and only if corresponding Poncelet problem for two conics associated with the curve has periodic trajectory and if and only if corresponding Pell-Abel equation has a solution.

  13. Multiple solutions for nonhomogeneous Neumann differential inclusion problems by the p(x-Laplacian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Ge

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study Neumann-type $p(x$-Laplacian equation with nonsmooth potential. Firstly, applying a version of the non-smooth three-critical-points theorem we obtain the existence of three solutions of the problem in $W^{1,p(x}(\\Omega$. Finally, we obtain the existence of at least two nontrivial solutions, when $\\alpha^->p^+$.

  14. Heat kernel estimates for pseudodifferential operators, fractional Laplacians and Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimperlein, Heiko; Grubb, Gerd

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to establish upper and lower estimates for the integral kernel of the semigroup exp(−t P) associated to a classical, strongly elliptic pseudodifferential operator P of positive order on a closed manifold. The Poissonian bounds generalize those obtained for perturbat...... for perturbations of fractional powers of the Laplacian. In the selfadjoint case, extensions to t∈C+  are studied. In particular, our results apply to the Dirichlet-to-Neumann semigroup....

  15. Oil lenses on the air-water surface and the validity of Neumann's rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolov, Alex; Wasan, Darsh

    2017-06-01

    Many studies have focused on the mechanisms of oil spreading over the air-water surface, oil lens formation, and lens dynamics: Franklin et al.(1774), Rayleigh (1890), Neumann and Wangerin (1894), Hardy (1912), Lyons (1930), Langmuir (1933), Miller (1941), Zisman (1941), Pujado and Scriven (1972), Seeto et al. (1983), and Takamura et al. (2012). Despite all of these studies, the phenomenon of the oil lens's air-water surface equilibrium is still under discussion. Here, we highlight an accurate method to study the oil lens's three-phase-contact angle by reflected light interferometry, using both common (CRLI) and differential reflected light interferometry (DRLI) to verify Neumann's rule (the vectorial sum of the three tensions is zero). For non-spreading oils, the validity of Neumann's rule is confirmed for small lenses when the role of the oil film tension around the lens's meniscus is taken into consideration. Neumann's rule was also validated when the monolayer surface pressure isotherm was taken into consideration for oil spreading on the air-water surface. The periodic monolayer surface pressure oscillation of the oil phase monolayer created by the air-evaporating biphilic oil was monitored with time. The monolayer's surface pressure periodic oscillation was attributed to the instability of the aqueous film covering the oil drop phase. The knowledge gained from this study will benefit the fundamental understanding of the oil lens's air-water surface equilibrium and oil spill mechanisms, thereby promoting better methods for the prevention and clean-up of oil spills. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  16. Stability analysis of hybrid-driven underwater glider

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Wen-dong; Wang, Shu-xin; Wang, Yan-hui; Song, Yang; Zhu, Ya-qiang

    2017-10-01

    Hybrid-driven underwater glider is a new type of unmanned underwater vehicle, which combines the advantages of autonomous underwater vehicles and traditional underwater gliders. The autonomous underwater vehicles have good maneuverability and can travel with a high speed, while the traditional underwater gliders are highlighted by low power consumption, long voyage, long endurance and good stealth characteristics. The hybrid-driven underwater gliders can realize variable motion profiles by their own buoyancy-driven and propeller propulsion systems. Stability of the mechanical system determines the performance of the system. In this paper, the Petrel-II hybrid-driven underwater glider developed by Tianjin University is selected as the research object and the stability of hybrid-driven underwater glider unitedly controlled by buoyancy and propeller has been targeted and evidenced. The dimensionless equations of the hybrid-driven underwater glider are obtained when the propeller is working. Then, the steady speed and steady glide path angle under steady-state motion have also been achieved. The steady-state operating conditions can be calculated when the hybrid-driven underwater glider reaches the desired steady-state motion. And the steadystate operating conditions are relatively conservative at the lower bound of the velocity range compared with the range of the velocity derived from the method of the composite Lyapunov function. By calculating the hydrodynamic coefficients of the Petrel-II hybrid-driven underwater glider, the simulation analysis has been conducted. In addition, the results of the field trials conducted in the South China Sea and the Danjiangkou Reservoir of China have been presented to illustrate the validity of the analysis and simulation, and to show the feasibility of the method of the composite Lyapunov function which verifies the stability of the Petrel-II hybrid-driven underwater glider.

  17. Landslide stability analysis on basis of LIDAR data extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Hui; Fernandez-Steeger, Tomas M.; Dong, Mei; Azzam, Rafig

    2010-05-01

    Currently, existing contradictory between remediation and acquisition from natural resource induces a series of divergences. With regard to open pit mining, legal regulation requires human to fill back the open pit area with water or recreate new landscape by other materials; on the other hand, human can not help excavating the mining area due to the shortage of power resource. However, to engineering geologists, one coincident problem which takes place not only in filling but also in mining operation should be paid more attention to, i.e. the slope stability analysis within these areas. There are a number of construction activities during remediation or mining process which can directly or indirectly cause slope failure. Lives can be endangered since local failure either while or after remediation; for mining process, slope failure in a bench, which carries a main haul road or is adjacent to human activity area, would be significant catastrophe to the whole mining program. The stability of an individual bench or slope is controlled by several factors, which are geological condition, morphology, climate, excavation techniques and transportation approach. The task which takes the longest time is to collect the morphological data. Consequently, it is one of the most dangerous tasks due to the time consuming in mining field. LIDAR scanning for morphological data collecting can help to skip this obstacle since advantages of LIDAR techniques as follows: • Dynamic range available on the market: from 3 m to beyond 1 km, • Ruggedly designed for demanding field applications, • Compact, easily hand-carried and deployed by a single operator. In 2009, scanning campaigns for 2 open pit quarry have been carried out. The aim for these LIDAR detections is to construct a detailed 3D quarry model and analyze the bench stability to support the filling planning. The 3D quarry surface was built up by using PolyWorks 10.1 on basis of LIDAR data. LIDAR data refining takes an

  18. Franz Neumann e o nazismo como a destruição do estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo Ramos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2012v11n3p299Apresentamos no presente artigo a tese de Franz Neumann segundo a qual não haveria propriamente um Estado na Alemanha nacional socialista. Apesar de hoje relativamente pouco conhecido, Neumann foi um importante teórico do direito da chamada Escola de Frankfurt e membro ativo da promotoria dos julgamentos de Nuremberg; sua principal obra, Behemoth: estrutura e prática do nacional socialismo, publicada já em 1942, é o primeiro tratado sistemático sobre o tema, muito influente sobre diversos estudos posteriores, e de uma riqueza de intuições ainda hoje relevante. Neumann desenvolve sua tese da inexistência de um Estado nacional socialista a partir de seus estudos sobre o desenvolvimento do império da lei e da soberania na modernidade, características fundamentais do chamado Rechtsstaat, e que lhe permite concluir ser (ou parecer ser o regime nazi algo muito mais próximo do Beemote hobbesiano do que de seu Leviatã. Por isso, apresentamos na primeira parte deste trabalho sua discussão sobre o Estado e o direito modernos, para só na segunda parte discutir propriamente sua compreensão do nazismo.

  19. Floquet stability analysis of viscoelastic flow over a cylinder

    KAUST Repository

    Richter, David

    2011-06-01

    A Floquet linear stability analysis has been performed on a viscoelastic cylinder wake. The FENE-P model is used to represent the non-Newtonian fluid, and the analysis is done using a modified version of an existing nonlinear code to compute the linearized initial value problem governing the growth of small perturbations in the wake. By measuring instability growth rates over a wide range of disturbance spanwise wavenumbers α, the effects of viscoelasticity were identified and compared directly to Newtonian results.At a Reynolds number of 300, two unstable bands exist over the range 0. ≤ α≤ 10 for Newtonian flow. For the low α band, associated with the "mode A" wake instability, a monotonic reduction in growth rates is found for increasing polymer extensibility L. For the high α band, associated with the "mode B" instability, first a rise, then a significant decrease to a stable state is found for the instability growth rates as L is increased from L= 10 to L= 30. The mechanism behind this stabilization of both mode A and mode B instabilities is due to the change of the base flow, rather than a direct effect of viscoelasticity on the perturbation. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  20. An Effective Distributed Model for Power System Transient Stability Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUTHU, B. M.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The modern power systems consist of many interconnected synchronous generators having different inertia constants, connected with large transmission network and ever increasing demand for power exchange. The size of the power system grows exponentially due to increase in power demand. The data required for various power system applications have been stored in different formats in a heterogeneous environment. The power system applications themselves have been developed and deployed in different platforms and language paradigms. Interoperability between power system applications becomes a major issue because of the heterogeneous nature. The main aim of the paper is to develop a generalized distributed model for carrying out power system stability analysis. The more flexible and loosely coupled JAX-RPC model has been developed for representing transient stability analysis in large interconnected power systems. The proposed model includes Pre-Fault, During-Fault, Post-Fault and Swing Curve services which are accessible to the remote power system clients when the system is subjected to large disturbances. A generalized XML based model for data representation has also been proposed for exchanging data in order to enhance the interoperability between legacy power system applications. The performance measure, Round Trip Time (RTT is estimated for different power systems using the proposed JAX-RPC model and compared with the results obtained using traditional client-server and Java RMI models.

  1. Stability analysis of offshore wind farm and marine current farm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawon, Mohammad Hasanuzzaman

    -trend for large electric energy production using offshore wind generators and marine current generators, respectively. Thus DFIG based offshore wind farm can be an economic solution to stabilize squirrel cage induction generator based marine current farm without installing any addition FACTS devices. This thesis first focuses on the stabilization of fixed speed IG based marine current farm using SDBR. Also stabilization of DFIG based variable speed wind farm utilizing SDBR is studied in this work. Finally a co-operative control strategy is proposed where DFIG is controlled in such a way that it can even provide necessary reactive power demand of induction generator, so that additional cost of FACTS devices can be avoided. In that way, the DFIGs of the offshore wind farm (OWF) will actively compensate the reactive power demand of adjacent IGs of the marine current farm (MCF) during grid fault. Detailed modeling and control scheme for the proposed system are demonstrated considering some realistic scenarios. The power system small signal stability analysis is also carried out by eigenvalue analysis for marine current generator topology, wind turbine generator topology and integrated topology. The relation between the modes and state variables are discussed in light of modal and sensitivity analyses. The results of theoretical analyses are verified by MATLAB/SIMULINK and laboratory standard power system simulator PSCAD/EMTDC.

  2. Stability Analysis of a Helicopter with an External Slung Load System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kary Thanapalan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the stability analysis of a helicopter with an underslung external load system. The Lyapunov second method is considered for the stability analysis. The system is considered as a cascade connection of uncertain nonlinear system. The stability analysis is conducted to ensure the stabilisation of the helicopter system and the positioning of the underslung load at hover condition. Stability analysis and numerical results proved that if desired condition for the stability is met, then it is possible to locate the load at the specified position or its neighbourhood.

  3. Core Stability in Athletes: A Critical Analysis of Current Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, Klaus; Hartmann, Hagen; Mickel, Christoph; Szilvas, Elena; Keiner, Michael; Sander, Andre

    2017-03-01

    Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training. Analysis of the scientific literature on core stability exercises shows that adaptations in the central nervous system (voluntary activation of trunk muscles) have been used to justify exercise guidelines. Adaptations of morphological structures, important for the stability of the trunk and therefore the athlete's health, have not been adequately addressed in experimental studies or in reviews. In this article, we explain why the guidelines created for back pain rehabilitation are insufficient for strength training in professional athletes. We critically analyze common concepts such as 'selective activation' and training on unstable surfaces.

  4. Stability analysis of an uncooled segment of superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seol, S. Y. [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-09-15

    If the part of the HTS magnet is exposed to the outside of the cryogenic coolant due to the fluctuation of the height of the cooling liquid or the vapor generation, the uncooled part becomes very unstable. In this paper, the unstable equilibrium temperature distribution of the uncooled part of a superconductor is obtained, and the maximum temperature and energy are calculated as a function of the uncooled length. Similar to the superconductor stability problem, the current sharing model was applied to derive the theoretical formula and calculated by numerical integration. We also applied a jump model, which assumes that joule heat is generated in all of the uncooled segment, and compares it with the current sharing model results. As a result of the analysis, the stable equilibrium state and the critical uncooled length in the jump model are not shown in the current sharing model. The stability of the conductors to external disturbances was discussed based on the obtained temperature distribution, maximum temperature, and energy.

  5. Wellbore stability analysis in chemically active shale formations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi Xiang-Chao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Maintaining wellbore stability involves significant challenges when drilling in low-permeability reactive shale formations. In the present study, a non-linear thermo-chemo-poroelastic model is provided to investigate the effect of chemical, thermal, and hydraulic gradients on pore pressure and stress distributions near the wellbores. The analysis indicates that when the solute concentration of the drilling mud is higher than that of the formation fluid, the pore pressure and the effective radial and tangential stresses decrease, and v. v. Cooling of the lower salinity formation decreases the pore pressure, radial and tangential stresses. Hole enlargement is the combined effect of shear and tensile failure when drilling in high-temperature shale formations. The shear and tensile damage indexes reveal that hole enlargement occurs in the vicinity of the wellbore at an early stage of drilling. This study also demonstrates that shale wellbore stability exhibits a time-delay effect due to changes in the pore pressure and stress. The delay time computed with consideration of the strength degradation is far less than that without strength degradation.

  6. Postural stability analysis with inertial measurement units in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gago, Miguel F; Fernandes, Vitor; Ferreira, Jaime; Silva, Hélder; Rocha, Luís; Bicho, Estela; Sousa, Nuno

    2014-01-01

    The cause of frequent falls in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is still not well understood. Nevertheless, balance control and sensory organization are known to be critical for moving safely and adapting to the environment. We evaluated postural stability in 20 AD patients (11 fallers and 9 nonfallers) and 16 healthy controls with an inertial measurement unit (triaxial accelerometers and gyroscopes) attached to the center of mass (COM) in different balance conditions (Romberg on flat surface and frontward/backward-inclined surface, with or without visual suppression) in a motor lab. In AD patients, the group of fallers showed a different kinetic pattern of postural stability characterized by higher vulnerability to visual suppression, higher total/maximal displacement and a mediolateral/anteroposterior range of sway, and a consequent need for more corrections of COM pitch and roll angles. Further studies are needed to consolidate the normative values of the discriminatory kinetic variables with the potential of inclusion in a multifactorial analysis of the risk of falls. Nevertheless, these results highlight signs of impairment of central postural control in AD, which may require early therapeutic intervention.

  7. Postural Stability Analysis with Inertial Measurement Units in Alzheimer's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel F. Gago

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The cause of frequent falls in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD is still not well understood. Nevertheless, balance control and sensory organization are known to be critical for moving safely and adapting to the environment. Methods: We evaluated postural stability in 20 AD patients (11 fallers and 9 nonfallers and 16 healthy controls with an inertial measurement unit (triaxial accelerometers and gyroscopes attached to the center of mass (COM in different balance conditions (Romberg on flat surface and frontward/backward-inclined surface, with or without visual suppression in a motor lab. Results: In AD patients, the group of fallers showed a different kinetic pattern of postural stability characterized by higher vulnerability to visual suppression, higher total/maximal displacement and a mediolateral/anteroposterior range of sway, and a consequent need for more corrections of COM pitch and roll angles. Conclusion: Further studies are needed to consolidate the normative values of the discriminatory kinetic variables with the potential of inclusion in a multifactorial analysis of the risk of falls. Nevertheless, these results highlight signs of impairment of central postural control in AD, which may require early therapeutic intervention.

  8. Model and Stability Analysis of a Flexible Bladed Rotor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a fully bladed flexible rotor and outlines the associated stability analysis. From an energetic approach based on the complete energies and potentials for Euler-Bernoulli beams, a system of equations is derived, in the rotational frame, for the rotor. This later one is made of a hollow shaft modelled by an Euler-Bernoulli beam supported by a set of bearings. It is connected to a rigid disk having a rotational inertia. A full set of flexible blades is also modelled by Euler-Bernoulli beams clamped in the disk. The flexural vibrations of the blades as well as those of the shaft are considered. The evolution of the eigenvalues of this rotor, in the corotational frame, is studied. A stability detection method, bringing coalescence and loci separation phenomena to the fore, in case of an asymmetric rotor, is undertaken in order to determine a parametric domain where turbomachinery cannot encounter damage. Finally, extensive parametric studies including the length and the stagger angle of the blades as well as their flexibility are presented in order to obtain robust criteria for stable and unstable areas prediction.

  9. Models and Stability Analysis of Boiling Water Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Dorning

    2002-04-15

    We have studied the nuclear-coupled thermal-hydraulic stability of boiling water reactors (BWRs) using a model that includes: space-time modal neutron kinetics based on spatial w-modes; single- and two-phase flow in parallel boiling channels; fuel rod heat conduction dynamics; and a simple model of the recirculation loop. The BR model is represented by a set of time-dependent nonlinear ordinary differential equations, and is studied as a dynamical system using the modern bifurcation theory and nonlinear dynamical systems analysis. We first determine the stability boundary (SB) - or Hopf bifurcation set- in the most relevant parameter plane, the inlet-subcooling-number/external-pressure-drop plane, for a fixed control rod induced external reactivity equal to the 100% rod line value; then we transform the SB to the practical power-flow map used by BWR operating engineers and regulatory agencies. Using this SB, we show that the normal operating point at 100% power is very stable, that stability of points on the 100% rod line decreases as the flow rate is reduced, and that operating points in the low-flow/high-power region are least stable. We also determine the SB that results when the modal kinetics is replaced by simple point reactor kinetics, and we thereby show that the first harmonic mode does not have a significant effect on the SB. However, we later show that it nevertheless has a significant effect on stability because it affects the basin of attraction of stable operating points. Using numerical simulations we show that, in the important low-flow/high-power region, the Hopf bifurcation that occurs as the SB is crossed is subcritical; hence, growing oscillations can result following small finite perturbations of stable steady-states on the 100% rod line at points in the low-flow/high-power region. Numerical simulations are also performed to calculate the decay ratios (DRs) and frequencies of oscillations for various points on the 100% rod line. It is

  10. Voltage stability analysis of grid-connected wind farms with FACTS: Static and dynamic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Zibran Heetun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, analysis of some major blackouts and failures of power system shows that voltage instability problem has been one of the main reasons of these disturbances and network collapses. In this article, a systematic approach to voltage stability analysis using various techniques for the IEEE 14-bus case study is presented. Static analysis is used to analyze the voltage stability of the system under study, while the dynamic analysis is used to evaluate the performance of compensators. The static techniques used are power flow, V–P curve analysis, and Q–V modal analysis. In this study, Flexible Alternating Current Transmission system (FACTS devices—namely, static synchronous compensators (STATCOMs and static var compensators (SVCs—are used as reactive power compensators, taking into account maintaining the violated voltage magnitudes of the weak buses within the acceptable limits defined in ANSI C84.1. Simulation results validate that both the STATCOMs and the SVCs can be effectively used to enhance the static voltage stability and increasing network loadability margin. Additionally, based on the dynamic analysis results, it has been shown that STATCOMs have superior performance, in dynamic voltage stability enhancement, compared to SVCs.

  11. Stability analysis of bulk viscous anisotropic universe model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, M.; Mumtaz, Saadia

    2017-11-01

    This paper is devoted to study the phase space analysis of locally rotationally symmetric Bianchi type I universe model by taking three different cases for bulk viscosity coefficient. An autonomous system of equations is established by defining normalized dimensionless variables. In order to investigate stability of the system, we evaluate corresponding critical points for different values of the parameters. In the case of bulk viscous matter and radiation, the parameters η=η0 and m≥0.8 show realistic evolution of the universe (prior radiation dominated era, conventional decelerated matter dominated state and ultimately accelerated expansion). We conclude that stable solutions exist in the presence of bulk viscosity with different choices of parameter m.

  12. Modeling and Stability Analysis of Wedge Clutch System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Yao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A wedge clutch with unique features of self-reinforcement and small actuation force was designed. Its self-reinforcement feature, associated with different factors such as the wedge angle and friction coefficient, brings different dynamics and unstable problem with improper parameters. To analyze this system, a complete mathematical model of the actuation system is built, which includes the DC motor, the wedge mechanism, and the actuated clutch pack. By considering several nonlinear factors, such as the slip-stick friction and the contact or not of the clutch plates, the system is piecewise linear. Through the stability analysis of the linearized system in clutch slipping phase, the stable condition of the designed parameters is obtained as α>arctan⁡(μc. The mathematical model of the actuation system is validated by prototype testing. And with the validated model, the system dynamics in both stable and unstable conditions is investigated and discussed in engineering side.

  13. Dynamic Stability Analysis Using High-Order Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juarez-Toledo C.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A non-linear model with robust precision for transient stability analysis in multimachine power systems is proposed. The proposed formulation uses the interpolation of Lagrange and Newton's Divided Difference. The High-Order Interpolation technique developed can be used for evaluation of the critical conditions of the dynamic system.The technique is applied to a 5-area 45-machine model of the Mexican interconnected system. As a particular case, this paper shows the application of the High-Order procedure for identifying the slow-frequency mode for a critical contingency. Numerical examples illustrate the method and demonstrate the ability of the High-Order technique to isolate and extract temporal modal behavior.

  14. Space Shuttle Main Engine real time stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, F. Y.

    1993-01-01

    The Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) is a reusable, high performance, liquid rocket engine with variable thrust. The engine control system continuously monitors the engine parameters and issues propellant valve control signals in accordance with the thrust and mixture ratio commands. A real time engine simulation lab was installed at MSFC to verify flight software and to perform engine dynamic analysis. A real time engine model was developed on the AD100 computer system. This model provides sufficient fidelity on the dynamics of major engine components and yet simplified enough to be executed in real time. The hardware-in-the-loop type simulation and analysis becomes necessary as NASA is continuously improving the SSME technology, some with significant changes in the dynamics of the engine. The many issues of interfaces between new components and the engine can be better understood and be resolved prior to the firing of the engine. In this paper, the SSME real time simulation Lab at the MSFC, the SSME real time model, SSME engine and control system stability analysis, both in real time and non-real time is presented.

  15. Linear stability analysis of a levitated nanomagnet in a static magnetic field: Quantum spin stabilized magnetic levitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, C. C.; Pöchhacker, V.; Cirac, J. I.; Romero-Isart, O.

    2017-10-01

    We theoretically study the levitation of a single magnetic domain nanosphere in an external static magnetic field. We show that, apart from the stability provided by the mechanical rotation of the nanomagnet (as in the classical Levitron), the quantum spin origin of its magnetization provides two additional mechanisms to stably levitate the system. Despite the Earnshaw theorem, such stable phases are present even in the absence of mechanical rotation. For large magnetic fields, the Larmor precession of the quantum magnetic moment stabilizes the system in full analogy with magnetic trapping of a neutral atom. For low magnetic fields, the magnetic anisotropy stabilizes the system via the Einstein-de Haas effect. These results are obtained with a linear stability analysis of a single magnetic domain rigid nanosphere with uniaxial anisotropy in a Ioffe-Pritchard magnetic field.

  16. Linear Stability Analysis of an Acoustically Vaporized Droplet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, Junaid; Qamar, Adnan; Samtaney, Ravi

    2015-11-01

    Acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) is a phase transition phenomena of a superheat liquid (Dodecafluoropentane, C5F12) droplet to a gaseous bubble, instigated by a high-intensity acoustic pulse. This approach was first studied in imaging applications, and applicable in several therapeutic areas such as gas embolotherapy, thrombus dissolution, and drug delivery. High-speed imaging and theoretical modeling of ADV has elucidated several physical aspects, ranging from bubble nucleation to its subsequent growth. Surface instabilities are known to exist and considered responsible for evolving bubble shapes (non-spherical growth, bubble splitting and bubble droplet encapsulation). We present a linear stability analysis of the dynamically evolving interfaces of an acoustically vaporized micro-droplet (liquid A) in an infinite pool of a second liquid (liquid B). We propose a thermal ADV model for the base state. The linear analysis utilizes spherical harmonics (Ynm, of degree m and order n) and under various physical assumptions results in a time-dependent ODE of the perturbed interface amplitudes (one at the vapor/liquid A interface and the other at the liquid A/liquid B interface). The perturbation amplitudes are found to grow exponentially and do not depend on m. Supported by KAUST Baseline Research Funds.

  17. Efficient randomized methods for stability analysis of fluids systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Scott; Rowley, Clarence

    2016-11-01

    We show that probabilistic algorithms that have recently been developed for the approximation of large matrices can be utilized to numerically evaluate the properties of linear operators in fluids systems. In particular, we present an algorithm that is well suited for optimal transient growth (i.e., nonmodal stability) analysis. For non-normal systems, such analysis can be important for analyzing local regions of convective instability, and in identifying high-amplitude transients that can trigger nonlinear instabilities. Our proposed algorithms are easy to wrap around pre-existing timesteppers for linearized forward and adjoint equations, are highly parallelizable, and come with known error bounds. Furthermore, they allow for efficient computation of optimal growth modes for numerous time horizons simultaneously. We compare the proposed algorithm to both direct matrix-forming and Krylov subspace approaches on a number of test problems. We will additionally discuss the potential for randomized methods to assist more broadly in the speed-up of algorithms for analyzing both fluids data and operators. Supported by AFOSR Grant FA9550-14-1-0289.

  18. Frequency scanning-based stability analysis method for grid-connected inverter system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2017-01-01

    This paper proposes a frequency scanning-based impedance analysis for stability assessment of grid-connected inverter system, which is able to perform stability assessment without using system mathematical models and inherit the superior feature of impedance-based stability criterion with conside...

  19. Order-2 Stability Analysis of Particle Swarm Optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qunfeng

    2015-01-01

    Several stability analyses and stable regions of particle swarm optimization (PSO) have been proposed before. The assumption of stagnation and different definitions of stability are adopted in these analyses. In this paper, the order-2 stability of PSO is analyzed based on a weak stagnation assumption. A new definition of stability is proposed and an order-2 stable region is obtained. Several existing stable analyses for canonical PSO are compared, especially their definitions of stability and the corresponding stable regions. It is shown that the classical stagnation assumption is too strict and not necessary. Moreover, among all these definitions of stability, it is shown that our definition requires the weakest conditions, and additional conditions bring no benefit. Finally, numerical experiments are reported to show that the obtained stable region is meaningful. A new parameter combination of PSO is also shown to be good, even better than some known best parameter combinations.

  20. Analysis on soil compressibility changes of samples stabilized with lime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena-Andreea CALARASU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to manage and control the stability of buildings located on difficult foundation soils, several techniques of soil stabilization were developed and applied worldwide. Taking into account the major significance of soil compressibility on construction durability and safety, the soil stabilization with a binder like lime is considered one of the most used and traditional methods. The present paper aims to assess the effect of lime content on soil geotechnical parameters, especially on compressibility ones, based on laboratory experimental tests, for several soil categories in admixture with different lime dosages. The results of this study indicate a significant improvement of stabilized soil parameters, such as compressibility and plasticity, in comparison with natural samples. The effect of lime stabilization is related to an increase of soil structure stability by increasing the bearing capacity.

  1. Preliminary Combustion Analysis toward Stability Estimation of Rocket Engine Combustor

    OpenAIRE

    Mizobuchi, Yasuhiro; Shimizu, Taro; Naito, Taiki; 溝渕, 泰寛; 清水, 太郎; 内藤, 大貴

    2011-01-01

    A combustion flow in a model combustor equipped with a single injector located at a non-center position of the face plate is numerically simulated to investigate the combustion oscillation driving term, so called 'Rayleigh Index term' which plays a key role when we estimate the combustion stability of rocket engine combustors. The simulation reproduces the unsteady but stabilized flame behavior and reveals the flame stabilization mechanism. The critical combustion oscillation mode, T-mode, is...

  2. A small - signal stability analysis of DFIG wind generation

    OpenAIRE

    Vittal, Eknath; O'Malley, Mark; Keane, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the small-signal stability impacts of high penetrations of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines on power systems. It provides a basic overview of small-signal stability concepts and then examines the response of DFIG generation to two local contingency event. Using the New England 39 bus test system, this paper will demonstrate the stability implications of DFIG turbines utilizing terminal voltage control and fixed power factor control in response...

  3. Stability analysis of distributed order fractional chen system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aminikhah, H; Refahi Sheikhani, A; Rezazadeh, H

    2013-01-01

    We first investigate sufficient and necessary conditions of stability of nonlinear distributed order fractional system and then we generalize the integer-order Chen system into the distributed order fractional domain. Based on the asymptotic stability theory of nonlinear distributed order fractional systems, the stability of distributed order fractional Chen system is discussed. In addition, we have found that chaos exists in the double fractional order Chen system. Numerical solutions are used to verify the analytical results.

  4. A three dimensional Dirichlet-to-Neumann map for surface waves over topography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nachbin, Andre; Andrade, David

    2016-11-01

    We consider three dimensional surface water waves in the potential theory regime. The bottom topography can have a quite general profile. In the case of linear waves the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator is formulated in a matrix decomposition form. Computational simulations illustrate the performance of the method. Two dimensional periodic bottom variations are considered in both the Bragg resonance regime as well as the rapidly varying (homogenized) regime. In the three-dimensional case we use the Luneburg lens-shaped submerged mound, which promotes the focusing of the underlying rays. FAPERJ Cientistas do Nosso Estado Grant 102917/2011 and ANP/PRH-32.

  5. Optimal solvability for the Dirichlet and Neumann problem in dimension two

    OpenAIRE

    Stefanov, Atanas; Verchota, Gregory

    2000-01-01

    We show existence and uniqueness for the solutions of the regularity and the Neumann problems for harmonic functions on Lipschitz domains with data in the Hardy spaces H^p, p>2/3, where This in turn implies that solutions to the Dirichlet problem with data in the Holder class C^{1/2}(\\partial D) are themselves in C^{1/2}(D). Both of these results are sharp. In fact, we prove a more general statement regarding the H^p solvability for divergence form elliptic equations with bounded measurable c...

  6. Effective nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions for 1D nonconvex Hamilton-Jacobi equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerand, Jessica

    2017-09-01

    We study Hamilton-Jacobi equations in [ 0 , + ∞) of evolution type with nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions in the case where the Hamiltonian is not necessarily convex with respect to the gradient variable. In this paper, we give two main results. First, we prove for a nonconvex and coercive Hamiltonian that general boundary conditions in a relaxed sense are equivalent to effective ones in a strong sense. Here, we exhibit the effective boundary conditions while for a quasi-convex Hamiltonian, we already know them (Imbert and Monneau, 2016). Second, we give a comparison principle for a nonconvex and nonnecessarily coercive Hamiltonian where the boundary condition can have constant parts.

  7. A Collocation Method for Numerical Solution of Hyperbolic Telegraph Equation with Neumann Boundary Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. C. Mittal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a technique based on collocation of cubic B-spline basis functions to solve second order one-dimensional hyperbolic telegraph equation with Neumann boundary conditions. The use of cubic B-spline basis functions for spatial variable and its derivatives reduces the problem into system of first order ordinary differential equations. The resulting system subsequently has been solved by SSP-RK54 scheme. The accuracy of the proposed approach has been confirmed with numerical experiments, which shows that the results obtained are acceptable and in good agreement with the exact solution.

  8. Regularity of solutions of the Neumann problem for the Laplace equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar Medkova

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Let u be a solution of the Neumann problem for the Laplace equation in G with the boundary condition g. It is shown that u ∈ L q (∂ G (equivalently, u ∈ Bq,21/q (G for 1 , u ∈ Lq 1/q (G for 2 ≤ q if and only if the single layer potential corresponding to the boundary condition g  is in L q (∂ G . As a consequence we give a regularity result for some nonlinear boundary value problem.

  9. Sign-Changing and Extremal Constant-Sign Solutions of Nonlinear Elliptic Neumann Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Winkert

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Our aim is the study of a class of nonlinear elliptic problems under Neumann conditions involving the p-Laplacian. We prove the existence of at least three nontrivial solutions, which means that we get two extremal constant-sign solutions and one sign-changing solution by using truncation techniques and comparison principles for nonlinear elliptic differential inequalities. We also apply the properties of the Fuc̆ik spectrum of the p-Laplacian and, in particular, we make use of variational and topological tools, for example, critical point theory, Mountain-Pass Theorem, and the Second Deformation Lemma.

  10. Analysis of Physical Education Students’ Emotional Stability and Reactibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radka Peřinová

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of Physical Education Students’ Emotional Stability and Reactibility This paper will aim to show the possible association between emotional stability and reaction time variability of Physical Education students. It can be stated that our study confirmed our suppositions which were based on works that have focused on similar topics. Our research sample showed the expected characteristics: primarily lower neuroticism values and higher extraversion when compared to the non-sporting population. Emotional stability which was reflected in the neuroticism dimension in EPQ-R (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was shown to be connected with variability of the reaction time in the test of reactability to selected visual stimulus, disregarding the reaction rate. The effect of extraversion is partly reflected by the tendency of the sanguine temperament type to react in a balanced manner (i.e. with low reaction time variability during the reactability test. Due to the relatively low number of other temperament types in our sample, it is not possible to draw any conclusions in this regard. Analýza emocionální stability a reaktibility studentů tělesné výchovy Tento příspěvek poukazuje na možnou asociaci mezi emocionální stabilitou a časovou variabilitou dob reakcí u studentů tělesné výchovy. Lze konstatovat, že studie potvrdila naše předpoklady vycházející z odborných prací na obdobná témata. Výzkumný soubor vykazoval předpokládané charakteristiky, především nižších hodnot neuroticismu a vyšší extroverze oproti nesportující populaci. Emocionální stabilita vyjádřená pomocí dimenze neuroticismu (v EPQ-R se ukázala v asociaci s časovou variabilitou dob reakcí v testu reaktibility na výběrový zrakový podnět bez ohledu na rychlost reakce. Vliv extroverze do jisté míry odráží naznačená tendence sangvinického typu temperamentu reagovat vyrovnaně (tedy s nízkou časovou variabilitou dob

  11. 40 CFR 1065.190 - PM-stabilization and weighing environments for gravimetric analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... environments for gravimetric analysis. 1065.190 Section 1065.190 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... § 1065.190 PM-stabilization and weighing environments for gravimetric analysis. (a) This section describes the two environments required to stabilize and weigh PM for gravimetric analysis: the PM...

  12. Neumann's Tumor

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    2017-03-01

    Mar 1, 2017 ... The differential diagnosis of a large mass in the fetal or neonatal oral cavity should include such congenital malformations as encephalocoele, dermoid cysts orteratoma and benign and malignant neoplasms including hemangioma, lymphatic malformations, melanotic or pigmented neurectodermal tumours.

  13. Stability analysis of multigrid acceleration methods for the solution of partial differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, John F.

    1990-01-01

    A calculation is made of the stability of various relaxation schemes for the numerical solution of partial differential equations. A multigrid acceleration method is introduced, and its effects on stability are explored. A detailed stability analysis of a simple case is carried out and verified by numerical experiment. It is shown that the use of multigrids can speed convergence by several orders of magnitude without adversely affecting stability.

  14. Analysis of the Gyroscopic Stability of the Wheelset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Dong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The wheelset of the railway vehicle is a rotor which itself has gyroscopic effect. Nowadays, the rolling stock has entered the era of high speed, and the wheel rotates faster than in the past. The influence of gyroscopic effect on stability is little understood. Metelitsyn’s inequality theorem for asymptotic stability has some advantages to analyze this problem although this method is sufficient but not necessary condition. Based on its deduction, the extremal eigenvalues criterion and compared with Routh-Hurwitz criterion, both are applied to solve the critical value of speed. Further, according to the instability criterion, gyroscopic contributory ratio is derived to study how the role the gyroscopic effect plays in stability. Moreover, the effect of gyroscopic matrix or gyroscopic terms pitch rotor inertia Iy on stability coefficient is investigated. The results show that Iy is a key factor to wheelset gyroscopic stability. The gyroscopic effect becomes significant, and the stability increases with increasing Iy. The results also indicate that the critical value of speed solved by Metelitsyn theorem is more conservative than the one it solved by Hurwitz criterion, which proves that Metelitsyn inequality theorem for asymptotic stability is a sufficient but not necessary condition in the way of attaining the numerical simulation result. Finally, the test for the influence of gyroscopic effect on stability needs to be further studied.

  15. Stability Analysis of a Mathematical Model for Onchocerciaisis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The equilibrium states of the model are obtained. The disease free equilibrium state is analysed for stability; the condition for its stability is obtained as an inequality constraint on the parameters. Results shows that although, a 60% treatment coverage rate of infected and infectious blind individuals only is better than 80% ...

  16. Currencies analysis based on stability using apriori-algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hameed ULLAH KHAN

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the stability of currency that is more stable with respect to other currencies. Various currencies are studied and graphs are plotted with reference to dates on a yearly basis and analyze its patterns. The stability of a currency was determined by using Apriori-algorithm. This algorithm maneuver in continues manner unless the desired results are achieved.

  17. Stability analysis of a class of fractional delay differential equations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper we analyse stability of nonlinear fractional order delay differential equations of the form D y ( t ) = a f ( y ( t − ) ) − by ( t ) , where D is a Caputo fractional derivative of order 0 < ≤ 1. We describe stability regions using critical curves. To explain the proposed theory, we discuss fractional order logistic ...

  18. Application of Lyapunov's Second Method in the Stability Analysis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, Lyapunov's method for determining the stability of non-linear systems under dynamic states is presented. The paper highlights a practical application of the method to investigate the stability of crude oil/natural gas separation process. Mathematical state models for the separation process, used in the ...

  19. Systematic analysis of stability patterns in plant primary metabolism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorothee Girbig

    Full Text Available Metabolic networks are characterized by complex interactions and regulatory mechanisms between many individual components. These interactions determine whether a steady state is stable to perturbations. Structural kinetic modeling (SKM is a framework to analyze the stability of metabolic steady states that allows the study of the system Jacobian without requiring detailed knowledge about individual rate equations. Stability criteria can be derived by generating a large number of structural kinetic models (SK-models with randomly sampled parameter sets and evaluating the resulting Jacobian matrices. Until now, SKM experiments applied univariate tests to detect the network components with the largest influence on stability. In this work, we present an extended SKM approach relying on supervised machine learning to detect patterns of enzyme-metabolite interactions that act together in an orchestrated manner to ensure stability. We demonstrate its application on a detailed SK-model of the Calvin-Benson cycle and connected pathways. The identified stability patterns are highly complex reflecting that changes in dynamic properties depend on concerted interactions between several network components. In total, we find more patterns that reliably ensure stability than patterns ensuring instability. This shows that the design of this system is strongly targeted towards maintaining stability. We also investigate the effect of allosteric regulators revealing that the tendency to stability is significantly increased by including experimentally determined regulatory mechanisms that have not yet been integrated into existing kinetic models.

  20. Slope stability analysis using limit equilibrium method in nonlinear criterion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hang; Zhong, Wenwen; Xiong, Wei; Tang, Wenyu

    2014-01-01

    In slope stability analysis, the limit equilibrium method is usually used to calculate the safety factor of slope based on Mohr-Coulomb criterion. However, Mohr-Coulomb criterion is restricted to the description of rock mass. To overcome its shortcomings, this paper combined Hoek-Brown criterion and limit equilibrium method and proposed an equation for calculating the safety factor of slope with limit equilibrium method in Hoek-Brown criterion through equivalent cohesive strength and the friction angle. Moreover, this paper investigates the impact of Hoek-Brown parameters on the safety factor of slope, which reveals that there is linear relation between equivalent cohesive strength and weakening factor D. However, there are nonlinear relations between equivalent cohesive strength and Geological Strength Index (GSI), the uniaxial compressive strength of intact rock σ ci , and the parameter of intact rock m i . There is nonlinear relation between the friction angle and all Hoek-Brown parameters. With the increase of D, the safety factor of slope F decreases linearly; with the increase of GSI, F increases nonlinearly; when σ ci is relatively small, the relation between F and σ ci is nonlinear, but when σ ci is relatively large, the relation is linear; with the increase of m i , F decreases first and then increases.

  1. Preliminary Analysis of Slope Stability in Kuok and Surrounding Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewandra Bagus Eka Putra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The level of slope influenced by the condition of the rocks beneath the surface. On high level of slopes, amount of surface runoff and water transport energy is also enlarged. This caused by greater gravity, in line with the surface tilt from the horizontal plane. In other words, topsoil eroded more and more. When the slope becomes twice as steep, then the amount of erosion per unit area be 2.0 - 2.5 times more. Kuok and surrounding area is the road access between the West Sumatra and Riau which plays an important role economies of both provinces. The purpose of this study is to map the locations that have fairly steep slopes and potential mode of landslides. Based on SRTM data obtained,  the roads in Kuok area has a minimum elevation of + 33 m and a maximum  + 217.329 m. Rugged road conditions with slope ranging from 24.08 ° to 44.68 ° causing this area having frequent landslides. The result of slope stability analysis in a slope near the Water Power Plant Koto Panjang, indicated that mode of active failure is toppling failure or rock fall and the potential zone of failure is in the center part of the slope.

  2. Crack stability analysis of low alloy steel primary coolant pipe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, T.; Kameyama, M. [Kansai Electric Power Company, Osaka (Japan); Urabe, Y. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Takasago (Japan)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    At present, cast duplex stainless steel has been used for the primary coolant piping of PWRs in Japan and joints of dissimilar material have been applied for welding to reactor vessels and steam generators. For the primary coolant piping of the next APWR plants, application of low alloy steel that results in designing main loops with the same material is being studied. It means that there is no need to weld low alloy steel with stainless steel and that makes it possible to reduce the welding length. Attenuation of Ultra Sonic Wave Intensity is lower for low alloy steel than for stainless steel and they have advantageous inspection characteristics. In addition to that, the thermal expansion rate is smaller for low alloy steel than for stainless steel. In consideration of the above features of low alloy steel, the overall reliability of primary coolant piping is expected to be improved. Therefore, for the evaluation of crack stability of low alloy steel piping to be applied for primary loops, elastic-plastic future mechanics analysis was performed by means of a three-dimensioned FEM. The evaluation results for the low alloy steel pipings show that cracks will not grow into unstable fractures under maximum design load conditions, even when such a circumferential crack is assumed to be 6 times the size of the wall thickness.

  3. Stability analysis of lower dimensional gravastars in noncommutative geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banerjee, Ayan [Jadavpur University, Department of Mathematics, Kolkata (India); Hansraj, Sudan [University of KwaZulu-Natal, Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, Durban (South Africa)

    2016-11-15

    The Banados et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett 69:1849, 1992), black hole solution is revamped from the Einstein field equations in (2 + 1)-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime, in a context of noncommutative geometry (Phys. Rev. D 87:084014, 2013). In this article, we explore the exact gravastar solutions in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space given in the same geometry. As a first step we derive BTZ solution assuming the source of energy density as point-like structures in favor of smeared objects, where the particle mass M, is diffused throughout a region of linear size √(α) and is described by a Gaussian function of finite width rather than a Dirac delta function. We matched our interior solution to an exterior BTZ spacetime at a junction interface situated outside the event horizon. Furthermore, a stability analysis is carried out for the specific case when χ < 0.214 under radial perturbations about the static equilibrium solutions. To give theoretical support we are also trying to explore their physical properties and characteristics. (orig.)

  4. Lidov-Kozai Mechanism in Hydrodynamical Disks: Linear Stability Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanazzi, J. J.; Lai, Dong

    2017-05-01

    Recent SPH simulations by Martin et al. suggest that a circumstellar gaseous disc may exhibit coherent eccentricity-inclination oscillations due to the tidal forcing of an inclined binary companion, in a manner that resembles Lidov-Kozai oscillations in hierarchical triple systems. We carry out linear stability analysis for the eccentricity growth of circumstellar discs in binaries, including the effects of gas pressure and viscosity and secular (orbital-averaged) tidal force from the inclined companion. We find that the growth of disc eccentricity depends on the dimensionless ratio (S) between c_s^2 (the disc sound speed squared) and the tidal torque acting on the disc (per unit mass) from the companion. For S ≪ 1, the standard Lidov-Kozai result is recovered for a thin disc annulus: Eccentricity excitation occurs when the mutual inclination I between the disc and binary lies between 39° and 141°. As S increases, the inclination window for the eccentricity growth generally becomes narrower. For S ≳ a few, eccentricity growth is suppressed for all inclination angles. Surprisingly, we find that for S ˜ 1 and certain disc density/pressure profiles, eccentricity excitation can occur even when I is much less than 39°.

  5. A network landscape model: stability analysis and numerical tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonacini, E.; Groppi, M.; Monaco, R.; Soares, A. J.; Soresina, C.

    2017-07-01

    A Network Landscape Model (NLM) for the evaluation of the ecological trend of an environmental system is here presented and investigated. The model consists in a network of dynamical systems, where each node represents a single Landscape Unit (LU), endowed by a system of ODEs for two variables relevant to the production of bio-energy and to the percentage of green areas, respectively. The main goal of the paper consists in testing the relevance of connectivity between the LUs. For this purpose we consider first the Single LU Model (SLM) and investigate its equilibria and their stability, in terms of two bifurcation parameters. Then the network dynamics is theoretically investigated by means of a bifurcation analysis of a proper simplified differential system, that allows to understand how the coupling between different LUs modifies the asymptotic scenarios for the single LU model. Numerical simulations of NLM are performed, with reference to an environmental system in Northern Italy, and results are discussed in connection with SLM.

  6. Reliability-Based Stability Analysis of Rock Slopes Using Numerical Analysis and Response Surface Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadashzadeh, N.; Duzgun, H. S. B.; Yesiloglu-Gultekin, N.

    2017-08-01

    While advanced numerical techniques in slope stability analysis are successfully used in deterministic studies, they have so far found limited use in probabilistic analyses due to their high computation cost. The first-order reliability method (FORM) is one of the most efficient probabilistic techniques to perform probabilistic stability analysis by considering the associated uncertainties in the analysis parameters. However, it is not possible to directly use FORM in numerical slope stability evaluations as it requires definition of a limit state performance function. In this study, an integrated methodology for probabilistic numerical modeling of rock slope stability is proposed. The methodology is based on response surface method, where FORM is used to develop an explicit performance function from the results of numerical simulations. The implementation of the proposed methodology is performed by considering a large potential rock wedge in Sumela Monastery, Turkey. The accuracy of the developed performance function to truly represent the limit state surface is evaluated by monitoring the slope behavior. The calculated probability of failure is compared with Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) method. The proposed methodology is found to be 72% more efficient than MCS, while the accuracy is decreased with an error of 24%.

  7. Modeling, Stability Analysis and Active Stabilization of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shafiee, Qobad; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    2014-01-01

    . This model can be also used to synthesis and study dynamics of control loops in dc MGs and also dc MG clusters. An active stabilization method is proposed to be implemented as a dc active power filter (APF) inside the MGs in order to not only increase damping of dc MGs at the presence of CPLs but also...

  8. Service Virtualization Using a Non-von Neumann Parallel, Distributed, and Scalable Computing Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao Mikkilineni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a prototype implementing a high degree of transaction resilience in distributed software systems using a non-von Neumann computing model exploiting parallelism in computing nodes. The prototype incorporates fault, configuration, accounting, performance, and security (FCAPS management using a signaling network overlay and allows the dynamic control of a set of distributed computing elements in a network. Each node is a computing entity endowed with self-management and signaling capabilities to collaborate with similar nodes in a network. The separation of parallel computing and management channels allows the end-to-end transaction management of computing tasks (provided by the autonomous distributed computing elements to be implemented as network-level FCAPS management. While the new computing model is operating system agnostic, a Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP/Perl/Python (LAMP based services architecture is implemented in a prototype to demonstrate end-to-end transaction management with auto-scaling, self-repair, dynamic performance management and distributed transaction security assurance. The implementation is made possible by a non-von Neumann middleware library providing Linux process management through multi-threaded parallel execution of self-management and signaling abstractions. We did not use Hypervisors, Virtual machines, or layers of complex virtualization management systems in implementing this prototype.

  9. Identification of Langmuir wave turbulence-supercontinuum transition by application of von Neumann entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawamori, Eiichirou

    2017-09-01

    A transition from Langmuir wave turbulence (LWT) to coherent Langmuir wave supercontinuum (LWSC) is identified in one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations as the emergence of a broad frequency band showing significant temporal coherence of a wave field accompanied by a decrease in the von Neumann entropy of classical wave fields. The concept of the von Neumann entropy is utilized for evaluation of the phase-randomizing degree of the classical wave fields, together with introduction of the density matrix of the wave fields. The transition from LWT to LWSC takes place when the energy per one plasmon (one wave quantum) exceeds a certain threshold. The coherent nature, which Langmuir wave systems acquire through the transition, is created by four wave mixings of the plasmons. The emergence of temporal coherence and the decrease in the phase randomization are considered as the development of long-range order and spontaneous symmetry breaking, respectively, indicating that the LWT-LWSC transition is a second order phase transition phenomenon.

  10. Stability Analysis of Train Movement with Uncertain Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JingJing Ye

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a new traffic model which is based on the traditional OV (optimal velocity car-following model. Here, some realistic factors are regarded as uncertain quantity, such as the headway distance. Our aim is to analyze and discuss the stability of car-following model under the constraint of uncertain factors. Then, according to the principle of expected value in fuzzy theory, an improved OV traffic model is constructed. Simulation results show that our proposed model can avoid collisions effectively under uncertain environment, and its stability can also be improved. Moreover, we discuss its stability as some parameters change, such as the relaxation time.

  11. Financial Stability – Comparative Analysis: Montenegro, Serbia and the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vučinić Milena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis has had far-reaching effects on financial systems and economies all over the world, thus putting the importance of safeguarding financial stability in the focus of interest of the global economy.

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Stability Analysis of Delayed Cournot Model in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    implementation and the other information delay. Numerical simulation using. MATLAB2012a is used to demonstrate the applicability and accuracy of the results. KEYWORDS: Delay Differential Equations, Nonlinear dynamic system, Stability,. Lyapunov method, method of linearization, Nash equilibrium, duopoly model.

  13. Analysis on soil compressibility changes of samples stabilized with lime

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elena-Andreea CALARASU; Cornelia - Florentina DOBRESCU

    2016-01-01

    .... Taking into account the major significance of soil compressibility on construction durability and safety, the soil stabilization with a binder like lime is considered one of the most used and traditional methods...

  14. Strength and stability analysis of deep sea drilling risers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jin, Yang; Caihong, Liu; Hanbin, Liu; Renjun, Xie; Shijing, Cao

    2007-01-01

    In order to analyze the influence of vortex-induced vibration on the strength and stability of marine drilling risers, a simplified analytical model was established and a method for calculating vortex...

  15. Joint analysis of epistemic and aleatory uncertainty in stability analysis for geo-hazard assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohmer, Jeremy; Verdel, Thierry

    2017-04-01

    Uncertainty analysis is an unavoidable task of stability analysis of any geotechnical systems. Such analysis usually relies on the safety factor SF (if SF is below some specified threshold), the failure is possible). The objective of the stability analysis is then to estimate the failure probability P for SF to be below the specified threshold. When dealing with uncertainties, two facets should be considered as outlined by several authors in the domain of geotechnics, namely "aleatoric uncertainty" (also named "randomness" or "intrinsic variability") and "epistemic uncertainty" (i.e. when facing "vague, incomplete or imprecise information" such as limited databases and observations or "imperfect" modelling). The benefits of separating both facets of uncertainty can be seen from a risk management perspective because: - Aleatoric uncertainty, being a property of the system under study, cannot be reduced. However, practical actions can be taken to circumvent the potentially dangerous effects of such variability; - Epistemic uncertainty, being due to the incomplete/imprecise nature of available information, can be reduced by e.g., increasing the number of tests (lab or in site survey), improving the measurement methods or evaluating calculation procedure with model tests, confronting more information sources (expert opinions, data from literature, etc.). Uncertainty treatment in stability analysis usually restricts to the probabilistic framework to represent both facets of uncertainty. Yet, in the domain of geo-hazard assessments (like landslides, mine pillar collapse, rockfalls, etc.), the validity of this approach can be debatable. In the present communication, we propose to review the major criticisms available in the literature against the systematic use of probability in situations of high degree of uncertainty. On this basis, the feasibility of using a more flexible uncertainty representation tool is then investigated, namely Possibility distributions (e

  16. Kinematic Analysis of a Posterior-stabilized Knee Prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Xin Zhao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The goal of total knee arthroplasty (TKA is to restore knee kinematics. Knee prosthesis design plays a very important role in successful restoration. Here, kinematics models of normal and prosthetic knees were created and validated using previously published data. Methods: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of a healthy, anticorrosive female cadaver were used to establish a model of the entire lower limbs, including the femur, tibia, patella, fibula, distal femur cartilage, and medial and lateral menisci, as well as the anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral, and lateral collateral ligaments. The data from the three-dimensional models of the normal knee joint and a posterior-stabilized (PS knee prosthesis were imported into finite element analysis software to create the final kinematic model of the TKA prosthesis, which was then validated by comparison with a previous study. The displacement of the medial/lateral femur and the internal rotation angle of the tibia were analyzed during 0-135° flexion. Results: Both the output data trends and the measured values derived from the normal knee′s kinematics model were very close to the results reported in a previous in vivo study, suggesting that this model can be used for further analyses. The PS knee prosthesis underwent an abnormal forward displacement compared with the normal knee and has insufficient, or insufficiently aggressive, "rollback" compared with the lateral femur of the normal knee. In addition, a certain degree of reverse rotation occurs during flexion of the PS knee prosthesis. Conclusions: There were still several differences between the kinematics of the PS knee prosthesis and a normal knee, suggesting room for improving the design of the PS knee prosthesis. The abnormal kinematics during early flexion shows that the design of the articular surface played a vital role in improving the kinematics of the PS knee prosthesis.

  17. Dynamic remedial action scheme using online transient stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Arun

    Economic pressure and environmental factors have forced the modern power systems to operate closer to their stability limits. However, maintaining transient stability is a fundamental requirement for the operation of interconnected power systems. In North America, power systems are planned and operated to withstand the loss of any single or multiple elements without violating North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) system performance criteria. For a contingency resulting in the loss of multiple elements (Category C), emergency transient stability controls may be necessary to stabilize the power system. Emergency control is designed to sense abnormal conditions and subsequently take pre-determined remedial actions to prevent instability. Commonly known as either Remedial Action Schemes (RAS) or as Special/System Protection Schemes (SPS), these emergency control approaches have been extensively adopted by utilities. RAS are designed to address specific problems, e.g. to increase power transfer, to provide reactive support, to address generator instability, to limit thermal overloads, etc. Possible remedial actions include generator tripping, load shedding, capacitor and reactor switching, static VAR control, etc. Among various RAS types, generation shedding is the most effective and widely used emergency control means for maintaining system stability. In this dissertation, an optimal power flow (OPF)-based generation-shedding RAS is proposed. This scheme uses online transient stability calculation and generator cost function to determine appropriate remedial actions. For transient stability calculation, SIngle Machine Equivalent (SIME) technique is used, which reduces the multimachine power system model to a One-Machine Infinite Bus (OMIB) equivalent and identifies critical machines. Unlike conventional RAS, which are designed using offline simulations, online stability calculations make the proposed RAS dynamic and adapting to any power system

  18. Phasor model of full scale converter wind turbine for small-signal stability analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gihga, Radu; Wu, Qiuwei; Nielsen, Arne Hejde

    2017-01-01

    The small-signal stability analysis of power system electromechanical oscillations is a well-established field in control and stability assessment of power systems. The impact of large wind farms on small-signal stability of power systems has been a topic of high interest in recent years....... This study presents a phasor model of full scale converter wind turbines (WTs) implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK for small-signal stability studies. The phasor method is typically used for dynamic studies of power systems consisting of large electric machines. It can also be applied to any linear system....... This represents an advantage in small-signal stability studies, which are based on modal analysis of the linearised model and are usually complemented with dynamic simulations. The proposed model can represent a single WT or an aggregated wind power plant. The implemented model for small-signal stability analysis...

  19. Assessment of stability during gait in patients with spinal deformity-A preliminary analysis using the dynamic stability margin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Anne-Laure; Lugade, Vipul; Bernhardt, Kathie; Larson, A Noelle; Kaufman, Kenton

    2017-06-01

    Daily living activities are dynamic, requiring spinal motion through space. Current assessment of spinal deformities is based on static measurements from full-spine standing radiographs. Tools to assess dynamic stability during gait might be useful to enhance the standard evaluation. The aim of this study was to evaluate gait dynamic imbalance in patients with spinal deformity using the dynamic stability margin (DSM). Twelve normal subjects and 17 patients with spinal deformity were prospectively recruited. A kinematic 3D gait analysis was performed for the control group (CG) and the spinal deformity group (SDG). The DSM (distance between the extrapolated center of mass and the base of support) and time-distance parameters were calculated for the right and left side during gait. The relationship between DSM and step length was assessed using three variables: gait stability, symmetry, and consistency. Variables' accuracy was validated by a discriminant analysis. Patients with spinal deformity exhibited gait instability according to the DSM (0.25m versus 0.31m) with decreased velocity (1.1ms-1 versus 1.3ms-1) and decreased step length (0.32m versus 0.38m). According to the discriminant analysis, gait stability was the more accurate variable (area under the curve AUC=0.98) followed by gait symmetry and consistency. However, gait consistency showed 100% of specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of precision. The DSM showed that patients with spinal malalignment exhibit decreased gait stability, symmetry, and consistency besides gait time-distance parameter changes. Additional work is required to determine how to apply the DSM for preoperative and postoperative spinal deformity management. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. A reactor noise analysis methodology for BWR core stability evaluation: application and assessment to Leibstadt stability tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dokhane, A. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Dokhane, A.; Ferroukhi, H.; Zimmermann, M.A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Lab. for Reactor Physics and Systems Behavior, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Aguirre, C. [Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt, CH-5325 Leibstadt (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    As a first step towards establishing a best-estimate methodology for the evaluation of BWR core stability parameters, i.e. the decay ratio and resonance frequency, from measured reactor noise signals, a systematic approach has recently been developed and adopted at PSI for the analysis of the Swiss BWRs. The aim is to evaluate stability tests in a consistent manner at any operating condition in the power/flow map and for any operating cycle. This methodology principally consists in a general reactor noise analysis where as much as possible information recorded during the tests is investigated prior to determining 'core representative' stability parameters along with an associated uncertainty range. A central part in this approach is that a time series analysis of all measured neutron flux signals, rather than only one or few signals, is performed. In addition, for each signal, three different model-order optimization methods are systematically employed to take into account the sensitivity upon the model-order. The adopted methodology is then applied to the evaluation of the core stability measurements performed at the Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt nuclear power plant, Switzerland, during cycles 10, 13 and 19. A total of 28 tests are hence analyzed. This is primarily done in order to obtain a broad range of tests to serve as basis for the validation of the coupled neutronic/thermal-hydraulic codes used at PSI for BWR stability calculations. In addition, in order to assess the results obtained with the current methodology, a comparative study has been carried out with respect to results from previously developed and applied procedures. The results show a good agreement between the current method and the other methods. (authors)

  1. Dynamic and Static Combination Analysis Method of Slope Stability Analysis during Earthquake

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Lu; Zongjian Wang; Xiaoyuan Huang; Bin Zheng; Katsuhiko Arai

    2014-01-01

    The results of laboratory model tests for simulating the slope failure due to vibration, including unreinforced slope and the slope reinforced by using geotextile, show that the slope failure occurs when a cumulative plastic displacement exceeds a certain critical value. To overcome the defects of conventional stability analysis, which evaluates the slope characteristics only by its strength parameters, a numerical procedure considering the stiffness and deformation of materials and geosynthe...

  2. Stability Analysis of Microwave-Assisted Magnetization Reversal in Exchange Coupled Nano Magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaji, Toshiki; Imamura, Hiroshi

    2017-06-01

    The stability analysis was applied to the study of magnetization dynamics under action of microwave magnetic field in exchange coupled nano magnets. It was found that the stability criteria representing the magnetization reversal conditions at a microwave effective and non-effective regions are det A = 0 and det H = 0, respectively. Here, A is the stability matrix which is obtained from the linearized Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation, and H is the Hurwitz matrix. The result of the stability analysis was in good agreement with that of the LLG simulation.

  3. Analytic robust stability analysis of SVD orbit feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Pfingstner, Jürgen

    2012-01-01

    Orbit feedback controllers are indispensable for the operation of modern particle accelerators. Many such controllers are based on the decoupling of the inputs and outputs of the system to be controlled with the help of the singular value decomposition (SVD controller). It is crucial to verify the stability of SVD controllers, also in the presence of mismatches between the used accelerator model and the real machine (robust stability problem). In this paper, analytical criteria for guaranteed stability margins of SVD orbit feedback systems for three different types of model mismatches are presented: scaling errors of actuators and BPMs (beam position monitors) and additive errors of the orbit response matrix. For the derivation of these criteria, techniques from robust control theory have been used, e.g the small gain theorem. The obtained criteria can be easily applied directly to other SVD orbit feedback systems. As an example, the criteria were applied to the orbit feedback system of the Compact Linear ...

  4. Stability analysis of the Euler discretization for SIR epidemic model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suryanto, Agus [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145 (Indonesia)

    2014-06-19

    In this paper we consider a discrete SIR epidemic model obtained by the Euler method. For that discrete model, existence of disease free equilibrium and endemic equilibrium is established. Sufficient conditions on the local asymptotical stability of both disease free equilibrium and endemic equilibrium are also derived. It is found that the local asymptotical stability of the existing equilibrium is achieved only for a small time step size h. If h is further increased and passes the critical value, then both equilibriums will lose their stability. Our numerical simulations show that a complex dynamical behavior such as bifurcation or chaos phenomenon will appear for relatively large h. Both analytical and numerical results show that the discrete SIR model has a richer dynamical behavior than its continuous counterpart.

  5. Analysis of the shape stability of water-resistant plywoods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Hrázský

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses causes of disorders of the shape stability of water-resistant plywoods produced by an important producer in the CR. Deformations of plywoods are caused by many reasons, such as wood structure (the course of wood fibres, plywood construction (the construction balance as for size and material regularity, the moisture of processed veneers and boards, glue spread, actual pressing process, the storage and climatization of finished plywoods. Basic technological parameters affecting the shape stability of plywoods were analysed, such as parameters of the hydrothermic pre­pa­ra­tion of raw material, parameters of veneer drying and the moisture of peeled veneers after drying as well as pressing parameters. At the conclusion, recommendations to improve the shape stability of plywood sheets are presented.

  6. Stability analysis of machine tool spindle under uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Dou

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Chatter is a harmful machining vibration that occurs between the workpiece and the cutting tool, usually resulting in irregular flaw streaks on the finished surface and severe tool wear. Stability lobe diagrams could predict chatter by providing graphical representations of the stable combinations of the axial depth of the cut and spindle speed. In this article, the analytical model of a spindle system is constructed, including a Timoshenko beam rotating shaft model and double sets of angular contact ball bearings with 5 degrees of freedom. Then, the stability lobe diagram of the model is developed according to its dynamic properties. The Monte Carlo method is applied to analyse the bearing preload influence on the system stability with uncertainty taken into account.

  7. Analysis of transverse beam stabilization with radio frequency quadrupoles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, M.; Grudiev, A.; Li, K.; Papke, K.

    2017-10-01

    A radio frequency (rf) quadrupole has been considered as a potential alternative device for Landau damping in circular hadron colliders. The objective of this study is to benchmark and confirm its stabilizing effect predicted by stability diagram theory by means of numerical tracking simulations. To that end, two complementary models of the device are implemented in pyheadtail, a 6D macroparticle tracking code designed to study the formation and mitigation of collective instabilities. The rf quadrupole model is applied to a slow head-tail instability observed experimentally in the Large Hadron Collider to show that such a device can in principle provide beam stability similarly to magnetic octupoles. Thereafter, alternative usage schemes of rf quadrupoles also in combination with magnetic octupoles are proposed, discussed, and benchmarked with simulations.

  8. Power system transient stability analysis based on branch potential characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Huan; Wang, Zengping

    2017-09-01

    Branch potential function is proposed based on the power system network preserving model. The concept of thermodynamics-entropy, is introduced to describe spatial distribution characteristics of the branch potential energy. Branch potential energy was analysed in time and space domain., with transient stability index proposed accordingly. The larger disturbance energy line fault injected to grid is, the larger branch energy entropy will be, and the more energy accumulated on key branches is, the more prone to lose stability the system will be. Simulation results on IEEE system proved its feasibility.

  9. Slope Stability Analysis Considering Sliding Effect of Upper Body

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Zhengsheng; Li, Lifeng; Zhang, Qing; Du, Jiaqing

    2010-01-01

    Owing to the human engineering activities, the phenomenon that new landslide happen on the upper part of the old sliding body can be found everywhere. This kind of slope consisting of two sliding bodies, which are upper body and lower body, is named as double-sliding-body slope. Its stability is usually analyzed according to two slopes. However, the effect of new landslide movement on the stability of entire slope system is not taken into account. In this paper, sliding effect of upper body i...

  10. One Measure Does Not a Construct Make: Directions toward Reinvigorating Psychopathy Research--Reply to Hare and Neumann (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skeem, Jennifer L.; Cooke, David J.

    2010-01-01

    In our article (J. L. Skeem & D. J. Cooke, 2010), we outlined the dangers inherent in conflating the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; R. Hare, 1991) with psychopathy itself. In their response, R. Hare and C. Neumann (2010) seemed to agree with key points that the PCL-R should not be confused with psychopathy and that criminal behavior is not…

  11. On the spectrum of one dimensional p-Laplacian for an eigenvalue problem with Neumann boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Dakkak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with an indefinite weight one dimensional eigenvalue problem of the p-Laplacian operator subject to Neumann boundary conditions. We are interested in some properties of the spectrum like simplicity, monotonicity and strict monotonicity with respect to the weight. We also aim the study of zeros points of eigenfunctions.

  12. Design Analysis and Implementation of A 0.5 KVA Uninterruptible Power Stabilizer

    OpenAIRE

    Aghanwa Sunny; S.O. Ezeonu; S. O. Ezennaya

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents design analysis and implementation of a 0.5 KVA uninterruptible electronic power stabilizer (UPSz). Poor and instability of power supply delivery in Nigeria necessitated the need for a device that can stabilize voltage, protect equipment from damages and also provide power to the loads in the absences of electricity from the utility mains. This need motivated the design of a power stabilizer (UPSz). Method of Pulse with modulation (PWM) was adopted. This method is capable ...

  13. Hilbert Modules and Stochastic Dilation of a Quantum Dynamical Semigroup on a von Neumann Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Debashish; Sinha, Kalyan B.

    A general theory for constructing a weak Markov dilation of a uniformly continuous quantum dynamical semigroup Tt on a von Neumann algebra ? with respect to the Fock filtration is developed with the aid of a coordinate-free quantum stochastic calculus. Starting with the structure of the generator of Tt, existence of canonical structure maps (in the sense of Evans and Hudson) is deduced and a quantum stochastic dilation of Tt is obtained through solving a canonical flow equation for maps on the right Fock module ?⊗Γ(L2(+,k0)), where k0 is some Hilbert space arising from a representation of ?'. This gives rise to a *-homomorphism jt of ?. Moreover, it is shown that every such flow is implemented by a partial isometry-valued process. This leads to a natural construction of a weak Markov process (in the sense of [B-P]) with respect to Fock filtration.

  14. Multiplicity Results for the px-Laplacian Equation with Singular Nonlinearities and Nonlinear Neumann Boundary Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Saoudi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the singular Neumann problem involving the p(x-Laplace operator: Pλ{-Δpxu+|u|px-2u  =1/uδx+fx,u, in  Ω;  u>0,  in  Ω;  ∇upx-2∂u/∂ν=λuqx,  on  ∂Ω}, where Ω⊂RNN≥2 is a bounded domain with C2 boundary, λ is a positive parameter, and px,qx,δx, and fx,u are assumed to satisfy assumptions (H0–(H5 in the Introduction. Using some variational techniques, we show the existence of a number Λ∈0,∞ such that problem Pλ has two solutions for λ∈0,Λ, one solution for λ=Λ, and no solutions for λ>Λ.

  15. von neumann equations with time-dependent hamiltonians and supersymmetric quantum mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czachor; Doebner; Syty; Wasylka

    2000-04-01

    Starting with a time-independent Hamiltonian h and an appropriately chosen solution of the von Neumann equation irho;(t)=[h,rho(t)] we construct its binary-Darboux partner h(1)(t) and an exact scattering solution of irho;(1)(t)=[h(1)(t),rho(1)(t)], where h(1)(t) is time dependent and not isospectral to h. The method is analogous to supersymmetric quantum mechanics but is based on a different version of a Darboux transformation. We illustrate the technique by the example where h corresponds to a one-dimensional harmonic oscillator. The resulting h(1)(t) represents a scattering of a solitonlike pulse on a three-level system.

  16. Analyzing diffraction gratings by a boundary integral equation Neumann-to-Dirichlet map method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yumao; Lu, Ya Yan

    2009-11-01

    For analyzing diffraction gratings, a new method is developed based on dividing one period of the grating into homogeneous subdomains and computing the Neumann-to-Dirichlet (NtD) maps for these subdomains by boundary integral equations. For a subdomain, the NtD operator maps the normal derivative of the wave field to the wave field on its boundary. The integral operators used in this method are simple to approximate, since they involve only the standard Green's function of the Helmholtz equation in homogeneous media. The method retains the advantages of existing boundary integral equation methods for diffraction gratings but avoids the quasi-periodic Green's functions that are expensive to evaluate.

  17. Multiplicity of solutions for non-homogeneous Neumann problems in Orlicz-Sobolev spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapour Heidarkhani

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the existence of non-trivial weak solutions for a class of non-homogeneous Neumann problems. The approach is through variational methods and critical point theory in Orlicz-Sobolev spaces. We investigate the existence of two solutions for the problem under some algebraic conditions with the classical Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition on the nonlinear term and using a consequence of the local minimum theorem due to Bonanno and mountain pass theorem. Furthermore, by combining two algebraic conditions on the nonlinear term and employing two consequences of the local minimum theorem due Bonanno we ensure the existence of two solutions, by applying the mountain pass theorem of Pucci and Serrin, we set up the existence of the third solution for the problem.

  18. Tensor categories and endomorphisms of von Neumann algebras with applications to quantum field theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bischoff, Marcel; Longo, Roberto; Rehren, Karl-Henning

    2015-01-01

    C* tensor categories are a point of contact where Operator Algebras and Quantum Field Theory meet. They are the underlying unifying concept for homomorphisms of (properly infinite) von Neumann algebras and representations of quantum observables. The present introductory text reviews the basic notions and their cross-relations in different contexts. The focus is on Q-systems that serve as complete invariants, both for subfactors and for extensions of quantum field theory models. It proceeds with various operations on Q-systems (several decompositions, the mirror Q-system, braided product, centre and full centre of Q-systems) some of which are defined only in the presence of a braiding. The last chapter gives a brief exposition of the relevance of the mathematical structures presented in the main body for applications in Quantum Field Theory (in particular two-dimensional Conformal Field Theory, also with boundaries or defects).

  19. The Neumann problem for elliptic equations with multiscale coefficients: operator estimates for homogenization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastukhova, S. E.

    2016-03-01

    We prove an L^2-estimate for the homogenization of an elliptic operator A_\\varepsilon in a domain Ω with a Neumann boundary condition on the boundary \\partialΩ. The coefficients of the operator A_\\varepsilon are rapidly oscillating over different groups of variables with periods of different orders of smallness as \\varepsilon\\to 0. We assume minimal regularity of the data, which makes it possible to impart to the result the meaning of an estimate in the operator (L^2(Ω)\\to L^2(Ω))-norm for the difference of the resolvents of the original and homogenized problems. We also find an approximation to the resolvent of the original problem in the operator (L^2(Ω)\\to H^1(Ω))-norm. Bibliography: 24 titles.

  20. Stress determination and geomechanical stability analysis of an oil ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    geothermal site, New Mexico, determined from well breakouts. Geophys. Res. Lett. 15(5): 467–70. Bell J S 1996 In-situ stresses in sedimentary rocks (Part 1) Measurement techniques. Geoscience Canada. 23(2): 85–100. Bell J S 2003 Practical methods for estimating in-situ stresses for borehole stability applications in.

  1. Stability analysis for a peri-implant osseointegration model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prokharau, P.; Vermolen, F.J.

    2012-01-01

    We investigate stability of the solution of a set of partial differential equations, which is used to model a peri-implant osseointegration process. For certain parameter values, the solution has a ‘wave-like’ profile, which appears in the distribution of osteogenic cells, osteoblasts, growth factor

  2. Robust Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Switched Systems with Filippov Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmadi, Mohamadreza; Mojallali, Hamed; Wisniewski, Rafal

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the stability problem of a class of nonlinear switched systems with partitioned state-space and state-dependent switching. In lieu of the Caratheodory solutions, the general Filippov solutions are considered. This encapsulates solutions with infinite switching in finite time....... which provides sufficient means to construct the corresponding Lyapunov functions via available semi-definite programming techniques....

  3. Identifying failure mechanisms in LDMOS transistors by analytical stability analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferrara, A.; Steeneken, P.G.; Boksteen, B.K.; Heringa, A.; Scholten, A.J.; Schmitz, Jurriaan; Hueting, Raymond Josephus Engelbart

    2014-01-01

    In this work, analytical stability equations are derived and combined with a physics-based model of an LDMOS transistor in order to identify the primary cause of failure in different operating and bias conditions. It is found that there is a gradual boundary between an electrical failure region at

  4. Studies of iso-alpha-acids : analysis, purification, and stability.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khatib, Alfi

    2006-01-01

    The female cones of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) are added to beer, providing taste and flavour and contributing to the stability of foam. The main constituents of hop related to these properties are generically known as alpha-acids. During the brewing process, these acids are isomerized, resulting in

  5. Pitwall Stability Analysis-Case Studies* | Affam | Ghana Mining Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The importance of pitwall stability in design and economy of open pits has been a subject of considerable research in rock mechanics for some time now. ... Several attitude measurements were taken particularly on the footwall and along the slope face of the oxide, transition and fresh (sulphide) rock materials from some ...

  6. Analysis and stability of fatty acid esterified xanthophylls from microalgae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weesepoel, Y.J.A.

    2014-01-01

    Fatty acid esterified xanthophylls (e.g. astaxanthin) produced by microalgae are regarded as a natural alternative for food colourants, but little is known on the stability of these compounds in foods. The aims of this research were (i) to develop protocols to analyze esterified xanthophylls, and

  7. Stability analysis of multipoint tool equipped with metal cutting ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksarov, V. V.; Khalimonenko, A. D.; Matrenichev, K. G.

    2017-10-01

    The article highlights the issues of determining the stability of the cutting process by a multipoint cutting tool equipped with cutting ceramics. There were some recommendations offered on the choice of parameters of replaceable cutting ceramic plates for milling based of the conducted researches. Ceramic plates for milling are proposed to be selected on the basis of value of their electrical volume resistivity.

  8. Dynamics, stability analysis and quantization of β-Fermi–Pasta ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We study the well-known one-dimensional problem of N particles with nonlinear interaction. The β-Fermi–Pasta–Ulam model is the special case of quadratic and quartic inter- action potential among nearest neighbours. We enumerate and classify the simple periodic orbits for this system and find the stability zones, ...

  9. Phase plane analysis of stability in quiet standing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, P O; Benda, B J; Gill-Body, K M; Krebs, D E

    1995-10-01

    We analyzed the standing balance control of 11 healthy subjects and 15 subjects with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) using phase plane (velocity versus displacement) plots. We hypothesized that maintaining postural stability requires control of both the position and momentum of the center of gravity (CG) and infer that it is advantageous to use both velocity and displacement data to characterize balance control. Phase plane plots provide insight into this dynamic aspect of balance control. We evaluated phase plane plots based on whole body CG and center of pressure (CoP). We varied stability by altering the base of support and visual information. Three different foot placements were used: feet wide apart, feet together, and semitandem stance. Feet together standing was performed with eyes open and with eyes closed. The phase plane plots show changes in stability as base of support is altered or visual input is removed and reveal stability differences between the control and BVH groups. The root mean square variance of velocity and displacement was used to quantify the phase plane information. This parameter showed significant differences between activities and between groups. We conclude that phase plane plots that combine displacement and velocity information are more useful in characterizing balance control than displacement or velocity alone.

  10. RAMONA analysis of BWR stability at nuclear power plant Brunsbuettel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kappes, C.; Velten, R.; Wehle, F. [AREVA NP GmbH, Erlangen (Germany); Huettmann, A.; Schuster, R. [Vattenfall Europe GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2010-05-15

    For high power/low flow operating conditions associated with unfavorable core power distributions, BWR operation requires attention with respect to potential power and flow oscillations. Beside stability analyses based on highly validated methodology as RAMONA, also stability measurements are performed in BWR plants. Such measurements usually cover the evaluation of Average Power Range Monitor (APRM) and Local Power Range Monitor (LPRM) signals of the BWR core at several operating conditions. This paper presents the numerical simulation of stability phenomena which were recorded in the frame of a stability measurement at the nuclear power plant Brunsbuettel (KKB) on December 12{sup th} 2004 (Cycle 18). The measurement showed a local instability at most investigated operating points and a temporal global instability when the reactor was operated at conditions where four of the eight recirculation pumps were running. The numerical investigation with RAMONA-3 focuses on the operating point with four recirculation pumps when a temporal global instability has been measured. It will be shown that a local destabilization of a single Fuel Assembly (FA) can yield a global instability mode when the reactor is operating under high power and low flow conditions. Such phenomena have already been observed and analyzed for other BWR plants as e.g. Forsmark-1. (orig.)

  11. Stability analysis of peer-to-peer networks against churn

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    like Internet. In [14], researchers have addressed a more realistic scenario in which a network is subjected to simultaneous targeted and random attacks. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. In §2 we extend the analytical framework [5] to analyse the stability of peer-to-peer networks. Section 3 defines and models ...

  12. Stability analysis of sandy slope considering anisotropy effect in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    strength anisotropy. Finally, considering the variability of soil shear strength parameters with loading orientation, the stability of a sandy slope with various geometries is analyzed by the limit equilibrium .... The participant of training, testing and validation subsets from the whole of records are 70, 15 and 15%, respectively.

  13. Consumption management in the Nord Pool region: A stability analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindström, Erik; Madsen, Henrik; Norén, Vicke

    2015-01-01

    Integration of fluctuating renewables like wind and solar power is nowadays a hot topic, but this comes at a cost of decreased stability of the power system. The deterioration often translates into so-called spikes and drops in the electricity spot price, very large (even extreme) deviations from...

  14. Yield stability analysis of pearl millet hybrids in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hope&shola

    2006-02-02

    Feb 2, 2006 ... stability and general adaptation. However, genotypes with low mean yield are poorly adapted to all the environments. Regression values above 1.0 describe genotypes with ... Table 1. The different environments, years, locations, total rainfall, latitudes and environmental means for grain yield average.

  15. Stability analysis of food barley genotypes in northern Ethiopia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of the founder crops of the old world agriculture and was one of the first domesticated cereals. The objective of this study was to estimate the magnitude of genotype x environment interaction and stability for barley grain yield and yield related traits in the growing areas of Tigray.

  16. Harmonics and voltage stability analysis in power systems including ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this study, non-sinusoidal quantities and voltage stability, both known as power quality criteria, are examined together in detail. The widespread use of power electronics elements cause the existence of significant non-sinusoidal quantities in the system. These non-sinusoidal quantities can create serious harmonic ...

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Stability Analysis of Delayed Cournot Model in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    functions” is considered. Hence, the investigation starts from finding these two reaction functions. The impact of time delay on the stability of the equilibrium points of the ... x is negative. It is second degree in 1 x with a negative coefficient on 1 x . So as 1 x increases then first the profits of firm 1 increases and then decrease.

  18. ANALYSIS OF GENOTYPIC DIFFERENCES IN DEVELOPMENTAL STABILITY IN ANNONA CHERIMOLA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perfectti, Francisco; Camacho, Juan Pedro M

    1999-10-01

    The genetic basis of developmental stability, measured as asymmetry (fluctuating asymmetry in leaves), was analyzed in leaves and flowers of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill) and atemoya (A. cherimola × A. squamosa). The individuals analyzed belonged to a controlled collection of cultivars (clones) that had previously been characterized by means of isozymes. We used a nested design to analyze the differences in asymmetry at several sampling levels: individual leaves and flowers, individual trees, and genotypes. The clonal repeatability of developmental stability was not significantly different from zero, thus suggesting the absence of heritability of the asymmetry for leaves and flowers under these environmental conditions. No relationship between asymmetry and individual heterozygosity was found, but leaf fluctuating asymmetry was significantly related to particular isozymic genes. Petal and leaf size showed a phenotypically plastic response to the exposure zone of the tree (mainly due to light). Leaf fluctuating asymmetry also showed such a plastic response. No significant correlation was found between asymmetry and any pomological characters (some of these being fitness related). Finally, the hybrid species (atemoya) did not show larger developmental instability than did the parental species (cherimoya). All these data show that cherimoya asymmetry reveals the random nature of developmental noise, with developmental stability for leaves being possibly related to specific chromosome regions, but with weak evidence for genotypic differences in developmental stability. © 1999 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  19. Analysis and correlation of stability parameters in malting barley ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Barley (Hordeum dischon L. and Hordeum vulgare L.) is a multipurpose plant cultivated since ancient time for food, feed, medicinal purposes and malt of alcoholic beverages. Stability parameters are useful tools for identification of genotypes with specific and wide adaptations, and contrasting the role played by genotype, ...

  20. Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems with Slope Restricted Nonlinearities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of absolute stability of Lur’e systems with sector and slope restricted nonlinearities is revisited. Novel time-domain and frequency-domain criteria are established by using the Lyapunov method and the well-known Kalman-Yakubovich-Popov (KYP lemma. The criteria strengthen some existing results. Simulations are given to illustrate the efficiency of the results.

  1. Stability Analysis of Equilibrium States of an SEIR Tuberculosis Model

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Finally, based on our results, we discuss optimum treatment strategies for tuberculosis epidemics. Keywords: Tuberculosis; Mathematical model; Global stability; Equilibrium; Epidemics; Basic reproduction number. Journal of the Nigerian Association of Mathematical Physics, Volume 20 (March, 2012), pp 119 – 124 ...

  2. ANALYSIS OF THE TRANSIENT STABILITY LIMIT OF NIGERIA'S ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    network during operation. Keywords: Disturbance, Transient stability, Grid Fragility, Network, Nigerian Sub-Transmission System, Transient. Model, Transmission system,. 1. INTRODUCTION. In recent time, the management of power systems has proven to be more difficult than in the past. This is due to recent increased ...

  3. Motion of particles in solar and galactic systems by using Neumann boundary condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenavar, Hossein

    2016-12-01

    A new equation of motion, which is derived previously by imposing Neumann boundary condition on cosmological perturbation equations (Shenavar in Astrophys. Space Sci., 2016a, doi: 10.1007/s10509-016-2676-5), is investigated. By studying the precession of perihelion, it is shown that the new equation of motion suggests a small, though detectable, correction in orbits of solar system objects. Then a system of particles is surveyed to have a better understanding of galactic structures. Also the general form of the force law is introduced by which the rotation curve and mass discrepancy of axisymmetric disks of stars are derived. In addition, it is suggested that the mass discrepancy as a function of centripetal acceleration becomes significant near a constant acceleration 2c1a0 where c1 is the Neumann constant and a0 = 6.59 ×10^{-10} m/s2 is a fundamental acceleration. Furthermore, it is shown that a critical surface density equal to σ0=a0/G, in which G is the Newton gravitational constant, has a significant role in rotation curve and mass discrepancy plots. Also, the specific form of NFW mass density profile at small radii, ρ∝1/r, is explained too. Finally, the present model will be tested by using a sample of 39 LSB galaxies for which we will show that the rotation curve fittings are generally acceptable. The derived mass to light ratios too are found within the plausible bound except for the galaxy F571-8.

  4. Small signal stability analysis of doubly fed induction generator including SDBR

    OpenAIRE

    Shawon, Mohammad Hasanuzzaman; Al-Durra, Ahmed; Caruana, Cedric; Muyeen, S. M.; 15th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS 2012

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents small signal stability analysis of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind farm including series dynamic braking resistor (SDBR) connected at the stator side. A detailed mathematical model of wind turbine, DFIG machine and converters and SDBR is presented in this paper to derive the complete dynamic equations of the studied system. Small signal stability of this system is carried out by modal and sensitivity analysis, participation factors and eigenvalue analysi...

  5. Does Premarital Cohabitation Predict Subsequent Marital Stability and Marital Quality? A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, Anita; O'Leary, K. Daniel; Moyer, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Cohabitation with a romantic partner has become common in recent decades. This meta-analysis examined the link between premarital cohabitation and marital stability (k = 16) and marital quality (k = 12). Cohabitation had a significant negative association with both marital stability and marital quality. The negative predictive effect on marital…

  6. Stability Analysis of Radial Turning Process for Superalloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Alberto; Boto, Fernando; Irigoien, Itziar; Sierra, Basilio; Suarez, Alfredo

    2017-09-01

    Stability detection in machining processes is an essential component for the design of efficient machining processes. Automatic methods are able to determine when instability is happening and prevent possible machine failures. In this work a variety of methods are proposed for detecting stability anomalies based on the measured forces in the radial turning process of superalloys. Two different methods are proposed to determine instabilities. Each one is tested on real data obtained in the machining of Waspalloy, Haynes 282 and Inconel 718. Experimental data, in both Conventional and High Pressure Coolant (HPC) environments, are set in four different states depending on materials grain size and Hardness (LGA, LGS, SGA and SGS). Results reveal that PCA method is useful for visualization of the process and detection of anomalies in online processes.

  7. STABILITY ANALYSIS OF RADIAL TURNING PROCESS FOR SUPERALLOYS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto JIMÉNEZ

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Stability detection in machining processes is an essential component for the design of efficient machining processes. Automatic methods are able to determine when instability is happening and prevent possible machine failures. In this work a variety of methods are proposed for detecting stability anomalies based on the measured forces in the radial turning process of superalloys. Two different methods are proposed to determine instabilities. Each one is tested on real data obtained in the machining of Waspalloy, Haynes 282 and Inconel 718. Experimental data, in both Conventional and High Pressure Coolant (HPC environments, are set in four different states depending on materials grain size and Hard-ness (LGA, LGS, SGA and SGS. Results reveal that PCA method is useful for visualization of the process and detection of anomalies in online processes.

  8. Stability Analysis of Fractional Differential Equations with Unknown Parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Koksal, Mehmet Emir

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the stability of fractional differential equations (FDEs) with unknown parameters is studied. FDEs bring many advantages to model the physical systems in the nature or man-made systems in the industry. Because this representation has a property between linear differential equations and nonlinear differential equations. Therefore, the designer may use the FDEs to model complex systems instead of nonlinear differential equations which have hard mathematical background. Using the ...

  9. Intrinsic Geometric Analysis of the Network Reliability and Voltage Stability

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, N.; Tiwari, B. N.; S. Bellucci

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the intrinsic geometric model for the solution of power system planning and its operation. This problem is large-scale and nonlinear, in general. Thus, we have developed the intrinsic geometric model for the network reliability and voltage stability, and examined it for the IEEE 5 bus system. The robustness of the proposed model is illustrated by introducing variations of the network parameters. Exact analytical results show the accuracy as well as the efficiency of the pr...

  10. Advanced techniques for the analysis of crisis stability, deterrence, and latency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canavan, G.H.

    1998-12-31

    This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The principal results of studies on crisis stability, deterrence, and latency are presented in their order of development. They capture the main features of stability analysis; relate first strike, crisis, and arms control stability as seen from US and Russian perspective; and address whether different metrics, uncertain damage preferences, or the deployment of defenses can be destabilizing. The report explores differences between unilateral and proportional force reductions in the region of deep reductions where concern shifts from stability to latency.

  11. Analysis of Robust Stability for a Class of Stochastic Systems via Output Feedback: The LMI Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin-rong Cong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the robust stability for a class of stochastic systems with both state and control inputs. The problem of the robust stability is solved via static output feedback, and we convert the problem to a constrained convex optimization problem involving linear matrix inequality (LMI. We show how the proposed linear matrix inequality framework can be used to select a quadratic Lyapunov function. The control laws can be produced by assuming the stability of the systems. We verify that all controllers can robustly stabilize the corresponding system. Further, the numerical simulation results verify the theoretical analysis results.

  12. Reproducibility analysis of the stability and treatment of vertebral metastatic lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael de Rezende Pratali

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To investigate the reproducibility among spine surgeons in defining the treatment of vertebral metastatic lesions, taking into account the mechanical stability of injuries. METHODS: Twenty cases of isolated vertebral metastatic lesions were presented to ten experts. Their opinion was then asked about the stability of the lesion, as well as their treatment option. RESULTS: The interobserver Kappa coefficient obtained both for stability analysis as to the decision of the treatment was poor (0.334 and 0.248, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Poor interobserver reproducibility was observed in deciding the treatment of vertebral metastatic lesions when considering the stability of the lesions.

  13. The Stability of Social Desirability: A Latent Change Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberecht, Katja; Schnuerer, Inga; Gaertner, Beate; John, Ulrich; Freyer-Adam, Jennis

    2015-08-01

    Social desirability has been shown to be stable in samples with higher school education. However, little is known about the stability of social desirability in more heterogeneous samples differing in school education. This study aimed to investigate the stability of social desirability and which factors predict interindividual differences in intraindividual change. As part of a randomized controlled trial, 1,243 job seekers with unhealthy alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies. A total of 1,094 individuals (87.8%) participated in at least one of two follow-ups (6 and 15 months after baseline) and constitute this study's sample. The Social Desirability Scale-17 was applied. Two latent change models were conducted: Model 1 tested for interindividual differences in intraindividual change of social desirability between both follow-ups; Model 2 included possible predictors (age, sex, education, current employment status) of interindividual differences in intraindividual change. Model 1 revealed a significant decrease of social desirability over time. Model 2 revealed school education to be the only significant predictor of change. These findings indicate that stability of social desirability may depend on school education. It may not be as stable in individuals with higher school education as in individuals with lower education. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Numerical Analysis on the Stability of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaobin Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The formation of dense spacing fracture network is crucial to the hydraulic fracturing treatment of unconventional reservoir. However, one difficulty for fracturing treatment is the lack of clear understanding on the nature of fracture complexity created during the treatment. In this paper, fracture propagation is numerically investigated to find the conditions needed for the stable propagation of complex fracture network. Firstly, starting from a parallel fracture system, the stability of fracture propagation is analyzed and a dimensionless number M is obtained. Then, by developing a hydraulic fracturing simulation model based on displacement discontinuity method, the propagation of parallel fractures is simulated and a clear relation between M and the stability of parallel fractures is obtained. Finally, the investigation on parallel fractures is extended to complex fracture networks. The propagation of complex fracture networks is simulated and the results show that the effects of M on complex fracture networks is the same to that of parallel fractures. The clear relation between M and fracture propagation stability is important for the optimization of hydraulic fracturing operation.

  15. Seismic stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shou-yan JIANG

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The seismic stability of a cracked dam was examined in this study. Geometric nonlinearity and large deformations, as well as the contact condition at the crack site, were taken into consideration. The location of penetrated cracks was first identified using the concrete plastic-damage model based on the nonlinear finite element method (FEM. Then, the hard contact algorithm was used to simulate the crack interaction in the normal direction, and the Coloumb friction model was used to simulate the crack interaction in the tangential direction. After verification of numerical models through a case study, the seismic stability of the Koyna Dam with two types of penetrated cracks is discussed in detail with different seismic peak accelerations, and the collapse processes of the cracked dam are also presented. The results show that the stability of the dam with two types of penetrated cracks can be ensured in an earthquake with a magnitude of the original Koyna earthquake, and the cracked dam has a large earthquake-resistant margin. The failure processes of the cracked dam in strong earthquakes can be divided into two stages: the sliding stage and the overturning stage. The sliding stage ends near the peak acceleration, and the top block slides a long distance along the crack before the collapse occurs. The maximum sliding displacement of the top block will decrease with an increasing friction coefficient at the crack site.

  16. Experimental stability analysis of different water-based nanofluids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barison Simona

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the recent years, great interest has been devoted to the unique properties of nanofluids. The dispersion process and the nanoparticle suspension stability have been found to be critical points in the development of these new fluids. For this reason, an experimental study on the stability of water-based dispersions containing different nanoparticles, i.e. single wall carbon nanohorns (SWCNHs, titanium dioxide (TiO2 and copper oxide (CuO, has been developed in this study. The aim of this study is to provide stable nanofluids for selecting suitable fluids with enhanced thermal characteristics. Different dispersion techniques were considered in this study, including sonication, ball milling and high-pressure homogenization. Both the dispersion process and the use of some dispersants were investigated as a function of the nanoparticle concentration. The high-pressure homogenization was found to be the best method, and the addition of n-dodecyl sulphate and polyethylene glycol as dispersants, respectively in SWCNHs-water and TiO2-water nanofluids, improved the nanofluid stability.

  17. Stability analysis of underground mining openings with complex geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cała, Marek; Stopkowicz, Agnieszka; Kowalski, Michał; Blajer, Mateusz; Cyran, Katarzyna; D'obyrn, Kajetan

    2016-03-01

    Stability of mining openings requires consideration of a number of factors, such as: geological structure, the geometry of the underground mining workings, mechanical properties of the rock mass, changes in stress caused by the influence of neighbouring workings. Long-term prediction and estimation of workings state can be analysed with the use of numerical methods. Application of 3D numerical modelling in stability estimation of workings with complex geometry was described with the example of Crystal Caves in Wieliczka Salt Mine. Preservation of the Crystal Caves reserve is particularly important in view of their unique character and the protection of adjacent galleries which are a part of tourist attraction included in UNESCO list. A detailed 3D model of Crystal Caves and neighbouring workings was built. Application of FLAC3D modelling techniques enabled indication of the areas which are in danger of stability loss. Moreover, the area in which protective actions should be taken as well as recommendations concerning the convergence monitoring were proposed.

  18. Analysis of the stability and sensitivity of jets in crossflow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regan, Marc; Mahesh, Krishnan

    2016-11-01

    Jets in crossflow (transverse jets) are a canonical fluid flow in which a jet of fluid is injected normal to a crossflow. A high-fidelity, unstructured, incompressible, DNS solver is shown (Iyer & Mahesh 2016) to reproduce the complex shear layer instability seen in low-speed jets in crossflow experiments. Vertical velocity spectra taken along the shear layer show good agreement between simulation and experiment. An analogy to countercurrent mixing layers has been proposed to explain the transition from absolute to convective stability with increasing jet to crossflow ratios. Global linear stability and adjoint sensitivity techniques are developed within the unstructured DNS solver in an effort to further understand the stability and sensitivity of jets in crossflow. An Arnoldi iterative approach is used to solve for the most unstable eigenvalues and their associated eigenmodes for the direct and adjoint formulations. Frequencies from the direct and adjoint modal analyses show good agreement with simulation and experiment. Development, validation, and results for the transverse jet will be presented. Supported by AFOSR.

  19. Analysis of a Major Electric Grid -- Stability and Adaptive Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alanzi, Sultan

    system conditions. This dissertation introduces a combination of quadrilateral and mho characteristics to create a distance relay with a mushroom shape in R-X diagrams. This new relay offers larger protective reach with a lower limitation on loadability. When major disturbances occur, the power balance between load and generation might be disturbed causing the generators to lose synchronism (to be out-of-step) with each other. Out-of-step protection against power swings is essential to provide supervising signals for distance relays to mitigate the effects of the disturbance. A new R-X criterion is proposed to identify out-of-step conditions for large and complex power systems, such as KEG. A proposed Adaptive Out-of-Step Relay (AOSR) will monitor power system conditions and adjust the relay reach accordingly for better power swing classification. When unstable swings are detected, controllable tripping signals are initiated and system separation will create small subsystems or islands of the power system. These smaller systems will be created to achieve a balance of load and available generation. The electric power system chosen to study and to illustrate the criteria for the proposed adaptive relays was that of the country of Kuwait. The small oil-rich country of Kuwait has been dealing with an electric energy crisis that started summer 2006. With a dry dessert climate and intensely hot summers, the 3.6 million residents of Kuwait depend on continuously operated A/C units for living. This is the major reason why the peak load in a summer month reaches almost 11,000 MW while the peak load in a winter month does not exceed 5,000 MW. The Kuwait Electric Grid (KEG) is modelled and analyzed using Power Analytics' software known as PaladinRTM DesignBase(TM). Performance studies produce data to examine distance and out-of-step protection. Power Flow (PF), Short Circuit Analysis (SCA), and Transient Stability Analysis (TSA) are used to verify the model of KEG. These studies

  20. Global Stability Analysis of a Roughness Wake in a Falkner–Skan–Cooke Boundary Layer

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias; Schlatter, Philipp; Hanifi, Ardeshir; Henningson, Dan S

    2015-01-01

    ..., FOI, SE-164 90 Stockholm, SwedenAbstractA global stability analysis of a Falkner–Skan–Cooke boundary layer with distributed three-dimensional surface roughness is per-formed using hig...

  1. Color stability of esthetic restorative materials: a spectrophotometric analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggio, Claudio; Ceci, Matteo; Beltrami, Riccardo; Mirando, Maria; Wassim, Jaffal; Colombo, Marco

    2016-12-01

    Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color stability of different restorative materials (one microfilled composite, one nanofilled composite, one nanohybrid composite and one Ormocer-based composite) after exposure to different staining solutions (coffee, coca-cola and red wine). Material and methods: All materials were polymerized into silicon rings (2 mm ×6 mm ×8 mm) to obtain specimens identical in size. Thirty cylindrical specimens of each material were prepared. They were immersed in staining solutions over a 28-day test period. A colorimetric evaluation according to the CIE L*a*b* system was performed by a blind trained operator at 7, 14, 21, 28 days of the staining process. The Shapiro-Wilk test and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA were applied to assess significant differences among restorative materials. The paired t-test was applied to test which CIE L*a*b* parameters significantly changed after immersion in staining solutions. Results: All restorative materials showed clinically perceptible color differences after immersion in coffee. L* and b* values showed the highest variability. Coca cola and red wine did not influence the color stability for all restorative materials except for Filtek Supreme XTE. Conclusions: Coffee caused a significant color change in all types of tested composite resins. Filtek Supreme XTE demonstrated alone a staining susceptibility to red wine; no other significant differences among the materials were demonstrated. Long-term exposure to some food dyes (coffee in particular) can significantly affect the color stability of modern esthetic restorative materials regardless of materials' different composition.

  2. Adaptive Central Force Optimization Algorithm Based on the Stability Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiyi Qian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to enhance the convergence capability of the central force optimization (CFO algorithm, an adaptive central force optimization (ACFO algorithm is presented by introducing an adaptive weight and defining an adaptive gravitational constant. The adaptive weight and gravitational constant are selected based on the stability theory of discrete time-varying dynamic systems. The convergence capability of ACFO algorithm is compared with the other improved CFO algorithm and evolutionary-based algorithm using 23 unimodal and multimodal benchmark functions. Experiments results show that ACFO substantially enhances the performance of CFO in terms of global optimality and solution accuracy.

  3. Local Stability Analysis of an SVIR Epidemic Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Harianto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an SVIR epidemic model with deadly deseases. Initially the basic formulation of the model is presented. Two equilibrium point exists for the system; disease free and endemic equilibrium. The local stability of the disease free and endemic equilibrium exists when the basic reproduction number less or greater than unity, respectively. If the value of R0 less than one then the desease free equilibrium is locally stable, and if its exceeds, the endemic equilibrium is locally stable. The numerical results are presented for illustration.

  4. Stochastic Stability Analysis of Control Systems with Uncertain Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Christoffer; Wisniewski, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents conditions for determining the stability of a networked control system. We assume that a given system is designed to be stochastically stable, when disregarding the implementation of the controller on a network. Based on the system description and an associated Lyapunov function......, we provide conditions for the quality of the network under which the networked system is stable. In particular, we provide a valid inter-sampling interval, mean communication delay, and a set to which the system converges in the mean....

  5. Intact stability analysis of dead ship conditions using FORM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Choi, Ju Hyuck; Jensen, Jørgen Juncher; Kristensen, Hans Otto Holmegaard

    2017-01-01

    The IMO Weather Criterion has proven to be the governing stability criteria regarding minimum GM for e.g. small ferries and large passenger ships. The formulation of the Weather Criterion is based on some empirical relations derived many years ago for vessels not necessarily representative...... for current new buildings with large superstructures. Thus it seems reasonable to investigate the possibility of capsizing in beam sea under the joint action of waves and wind using direct time domain simulations. This has already been done in several studies. Here it is combined with the First Order......, the results for an existing small ferry will be discussed in the light of the current weather criterion....

  6. The linear stability analysis of swirling flows in a finite-length pipe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Rui; Wang, Shixiao; Rusak, Zvi

    2014-11-01

    The linear stability of an inviscid, axisymmetric and rotating columnar flow in a finite length pipe against general type of perturbations is studied. The perturbation mode is subject to a set of boundary conditions that may reflect the physical situation of the swirling flow in a finite-length pipe. This type of stability problem was first studied by Wang and Rusak (1996). The current study generalized their original analysis (valid for axisymmetric perturbations) to a stability analysis of general type of perturbations. The underlying physical mechanism of the unstable mode is examined and discussed in terms of the energy transfer mechanism between the perturbations and the base flow.

  7. Harmonic Stability Analysis of Inverter-Fed Power Systems Using Component Connection Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a Component Connection Method (CCM)-based harmonic stability analysis for ac power-electronic-fed power systems. In the approach, the system is partitioned as individual components, including the controllers of DG units, LC filters, network impedances, and power loads...... is formulated. And the harmonic stability is assessed based on eigenvalue traces of the composite model. Simulations and experimental results are given to validate the effectiveness of the analysis method, which can be employed to assess the system harmonic stability for any combinations of system parameters...

  8. Electricity Market Stochastic Dynamic Model and Its Mean Stability Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanhui Lu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the deterministic dynamic model of electricity market proposed by Alvarado, a stochastic electricity market model, considering the random nature of demand sides, is presented in this paper on the assumption that generator cost function and consumer utility function are quadratic functions. The stochastic electricity market model is a generalization of the deterministic dynamic model. Using the theory of stochastic differential equations, stochastic process theory, and eigenvalue techniques, the determining conditions of the mean stability for this electricity market model under small Gauss type random excitation are provided and testified theoretically. That is, if the demand elasticity of suppliers is nonnegative and the demand elasticity of consumers is negative, then the stochastic electricity market model is mean stable. It implies that the stability can be judged directly by initial data without any computation. Taking deterministic electricity market data combined with small Gauss type random excitation as numerical samples to interpret random phenomena from a statistical perspective, the results indicate the conclusions above are correct, valid, and practical.

  9. State stability analysis for the fermionic projector in the continuum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoch, Stefan Ludwig

    2008-07-01

    The principle of the fermionic projector in the continuum gives an indication that there might be a deeper reason why elementary particles only appear with a few definite masses. In this thesis the existence of approximately state-stable configurations is shown. In order to achieve that, we make use of a variational principle for the fermionic projector in the continuum which contains certain contributions supported on the light cone. In a certain sense, these extra terms contain the structure of the underlying discrete spacetime. Lorentz invariant distributions and their convolutions are studied. Some of these are well-defined because the convolution integrals have compactly supported integrands. Other convolutions can be regularized such that the property of being ill-defined only plays a role on the light cone. These results are used to analyze the variational principle and to give criteria for state stability, which can be numerically analyzed. Some plots are presented to allow a decision about state stability and to show how possible configurations could look like. (orig.)

  10. A new approach on the stability analysis in ELKO cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Souza, A.P. dos; Pereira, S.H. [UNESP-Univ. Estadual Paulista ' ' Julio de Mesquita Filho' ' , Departamento de Fisica e Quimica, Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratingueta, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil); Jesus, J.F. [Universidade Estadual Paulista ' ' Julio de Mesquita Filho' ' , Itapeva, SP (Brazil)

    2015-01-01

    In this work it has been developed a new approach to study the stability of a system composed by an ELKO field interacting with dark matter, which could give some contribution in order to alleviate the cosmic coincidence problem. It is assumed that the potential which characterizes the ELKO field is not specified, but it is related to a constant parameter δ. The strength of the interaction between matter and ELKO field is characterized by a constant parameter β and it is also assumed that both ELKO field and matter energy density are related to their pressures by equations of state parameters ω{sub φ} and ω{sub m}, respectively. The system of equations is analyzed by a dynamical system approach. It has been found the conditions of stability between the parameters δ and β in order to have stable fixed points for the system for different values of the equation of state parameters ω{sub φ} and ω{sub m}, and the results are presented in form of tables. The possibility of decay of the ELKO field into dark matter or vice versa can be read directly from the tables, since the parameters δ and β satisfy some inequalities. It allows us to constrain the potential assuming that we have a stable system for different interactions terms between the ELKO field and dark matter. The cosmic coincidence problem can be alleviated for some specific relations between the parameters of the model. (orig.)

  11. Sensitivity of resonance frequency analysis method to assess implant stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkyilmaz, Ilser; Company, Andrea M

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this human cadaver study was to determine the correlation between bone quality and implant stability parameters, and the relationship between resonance frequency value and peri-implant bone loss. Thirty-two implants were placed into four human cadaver mandibles. The bone density of the implant recipient site was determined using computerized tomography (CT) in Hounsfield units (HU). The peak insertion torque values were recorded. The resonance frequency (RF) measurements were performed immediately following implant insertion and also after one, two and three turns of the implant in a counterclockwise direction, representing peri-implant bone loss. The mean bone density, insertion torque and RFA values of all implants were 152 +/- 264 HU, 41.7 +/- 6 Ncm and 69.7 +/- 9 ISQ. Statistically significant correlations were found between bone density and insertion torque values, bone density and ISQ values, and insertion torque and ISQ values. A significant influence of the peri-implant bone loss on ISQ value was also observed. The findings from this study illustrate significant correlation between bone density and implant stability parameters, and a linear relationship between peri-implant bone levels and resonance frequency value.

  12. Color Stability of New Esthetic Restorative Materials: A Spectrophotometric Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggio, Claudio; Vialba, Lodovico; Berardengo, Anna; Federico, Ricaldone; Colombo, Marco; Beltrami, Riccardo; Scribante, Andrea

    2017-07-06

    The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the color stability of different esthetic restorative materials (one microfilled composite, one nanofilled composite, one nanoceramic composite, one microfilled hybrid composite, one microfilled hybrid composite, one nanohybrid Ormocer based composite and one supra-nano spherical hybrid composite) after exposure to different staining solutions (physiological saline, red wine, coffee). All materials were prepared and polymerized into silicon rings (2 mm × 6 mm × 8 mm) to obtain specimens identical in size. Thirty cylindrical specimens of each material were prepared. Specimens were immersed in staining solutions (physiological saline, coffee and red wine) over a 28-day test period. A colorimetric evaluation according to the CIE L*a*b* system was performed by a blind trained operator at 7, 14, 21, 28 days of the staining process. The Shapiro-Wilk test and ANOVA were applied to assess significant differences among restorative materials. A paired t-test was applied to test which CIE L*a*b* parameters significantly changed after immersion in staining solutions. All restorative materials showed significant color differences after immersion in coffee. Coffee caused a significant color change in all types of tested composite resins. Only Filtek Supreme XTE demonstrated a staining susceptibility to red wine; no other significant differences among the materials were demonstrated. Long-term exposure to some food dyes (coffee in particular) can significantly affect the color stability of modern esthetic restorative materials regardless of materials' different compositions.

  13. Nonlinear Stability Analysis of a Composite Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge with Three Pylons during Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoguang Deng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the nonlinear stability analysis method, the 3D nonlinear finite element model of a composite girder cable-stayed bridge with three pylons is established to research the effect of factors including geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity, static wind load, and unbalanced construction load on the structural stability during construction. Besides, the structural nonlinear stability in different construction schemes and the determination of temporary pier position are also studied. The nonlinear stability safety factors are calculated to demonstrate the rationality and safety of construction schemes. The results show that the nonlinear stability safety factors of this bridge during construction meet the design requirement and the minimum value occurs in the maximum double cantilever stage. Besides, the nonlinear stability of the structure in the side of edge-pylon meets the design requirement in the two construction schemes. Furthermore, the temporary pier can improve the structure stability, effectively, and the actual position is reasonable. In addition, the local buckling of steel girder occurs earlier than overall instability under load in some cable tension stages. Finally, static wind load and the unbalanced construction load should be considered in the stability analysis for the adverse impact.

  14. Analysis of cavern stability at the Bryan Mound SPR site.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Sobolik, Steven Ronald

    2009-04-01

    This report presents computational analyses that simulate the structural response of caverns at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound site. The cavern field comprises 20 caverns. Five caverns (1, 2, 4, and 5; 3 was later plugged and abandoned) were acquired from industry and have unusual shapes and a history dating back to 1946. The other 16 caverns (101-116) were leached according to SPR standards in the mid-1980s and have tall cylindrical shapes. The history of the caverns and their shapes are simulated in a 3-D geomechanics model of the site that predicts deformations, strains, and stresses. Future leaching scenarios due to oil drawdowns using fresh water are also simulated by increasing the volume of the caverns. Cavern pressures are varied in the model to capture operational practices in the field. The results of the finite element model are interpreted to provide information on the current and future status of subsidence, well integrity, and cavern stability. The most significant result in this report is relevant to caverns 1, 2, and 5. The caverns have non-cylindrical shapes and have potential regions where the surrounding salt may be damaged during workover procedures. During a workover the normal cavern operating pressure is lowered to service a well. At this point the wellhead pressures are atmospheric. When the workover is complete, the cavern is repressurized. The resulting elastic stresses are sufficient to cause tension and large deviatoric stresses at several locations. With time, these stresses relax to a compressive state due to salt creep. However, the potential for salt damage and fracturing exists. The analyses predict tensile stresses at locations with sharp-edges in the wall geometry, or in the case of cavern 5, in the neck region between the upper and lower lobes of the cavern. The effects do not appear to be large-scale, however, so the only major impact is the potential for stress-induced salt falls in cavern 5, potentially leading to

  15. An assessment of turbulence models for linear hydrodynamic stability analysis of strongly swirling jets

    CERN Document Server

    Rukes, Lothar; Oberleithner, Kilian

    2016-01-01

    Linear stability analysis has proven to be a useful tool in the analysis of dominant coherent structures, such as the von K\\'{a}rm\\'{a}n vortex street and the global spiral mode associated with the vortex breakdown of swirling jets. In recent years, linear stability analysis has been applied successfully to turbulent time-mean flows, instead of laminar base-flows, \\textcolor{black}{which requires turbulent models that account for the interaction of the turbulent field with the coherent structures. To retain the stability equations of laminar flows, the Boussinesq approximation with a spatially nonuniform but isotropic eddy viscosity is typically employed. In this work we assess the applicability of this concept to turbulent strongly swirling jets, a class of flows that is particularly unsuited for isotropic eddy viscosity models. Indeed we find that unsteady RANS simulations only match with experiments with a Reynolds stress model that accounts for an anisotropic eddy viscosity. However, linear stability anal...

  16. Analysis of stability contributions of high dihedral V-tails

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, C. E.; Yeager, W. T., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    An investigation was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of four analytical methods (empirical, modified empirical, vortex-lattice, and an inviscid, three dimensional, potential flow, wing body program) to estimate the lateral and longitudinal static stability characteristics of an isolated V-tail wind tunnel model. The experimental tests were conducted in the V/STOL tunnel at a Mach number of 0.18. Angle-of-attack data were obtained from -12 deg to 8 deg at 0 deg sideslip. Sideslip sweeps from -5 deg to 10 deg were made at angles of attack of 4 deg, 0 deg and -4 deg. The V-tail dihedral angles were 45 deg, 50 deg, 55 deg, and 60 deg.

  17. Dynamic stability of a rotor blade using finite element analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivaneri, N. T.; Chopra, I.

    1981-01-01

    The aeroelastic stability of flap bending, lead-lag bending, and torsion of a helicopter rotor blade in hover is examined using a finite element formulation based on the principle of virtual work. Quasi-steady two-dimensional airfoil theory is used to obtain the aerodynamic loads. The rotor blade is discretized into beam elements, each with ten modal degrees of freedom. The resulting nonlinear equations of motion are solved for steady-state blade deflections through an iterative procedure. The flutter solution is calculated assuming blade motion to be a small perturbation about the steady solution. The normal mode method based on the coupled rotating natural modes about the steady deflections is used to reduce the number of equations in the flutter eigenanalysis. Results are presented for hingeless and articulated rotor blade configurations.

  18. Numerical Analysis of the Factors about Combustion Stability on Boiler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Yang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Through the research of the coal pulverized catches fire and steadily combustion mechanism and the numerical Simulation of the 300MW Tangentially Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler by Coal-fire software?combine the operating data of the boiler, establish the corresponding relation between the result of numerical simulation and combustion stability. The result indicates that the higher volatile matter, lower content of ash and moisture of the coal, it helps the coal pulverized air current to catch fire . More fineness coal pulverized is favorable to catch fire. When boiler load reduced, it will influence the characteristic" lighted by itself " of the tangentially pulverized coal fired boiler, and it will cause combustion unstably.

  19. Algebraic geometrization of the Kuramoto model: Equilibria and stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Dhagash; Daleo, Noah S.; Dörfler, Florian; Hauenstein, Jonathan D.

    2015-05-01

    Finding equilibria of the finite size Kuramoto model amounts to solving a nonlinear system of equations, which is an important yet challenging problem. We translate this into an algebraic geometry problem and use numerical methods to find all of the equilibria for various choices of coupling constants K, natural frequencies, and on different graphs. We note that for even modest sizes (N ˜ 10-20), the number of equilibria is already more than 100 000. We analyze the stability of each computed equilibrium as well as the configuration of angles. Our exploration of the equilibrium landscape leads to unexpected and possibly surprising results including non-monotonicity in the number of equilibria, a predictable pattern in the indices of equilibria, counter-examples to conjectures, multi-stable equilibrium landscapes, scenarios with only unstable equilibria, and multiple distinct extrema in the stable equilibrium distribution as a function of the number of cycles in the graph.

  20. Hurwitz stability analysis of fractional order LTI systems according to principal characteristic equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alagoz, Baris Baykant

    2017-09-01

    With power mapping (conformal mapping), stability analyses of fractional order linear time invariant (LTI) systems are carried out by consideration of the root locus of expanded degree integer order polynomials in the principal Riemann sheet. However, it is essential to show the left half plane (LHP) stability analysis of fractional order characteristic polynomials in the s plane in order to close the gap emerging in stability analyses of fractional order and integer order systems. In this study, after briefly discussing the relation between the characteristic root orientations and the system stability, the author presents a methodology to establish principal characteristic polynomials to perform the LHP stability analysis of fractional order systems. The principal characteristic polynomials are formed by factorizing principal characteristic roots. Then, the LHP stability analysis of fractional order systems can be carried out by using the root equivalency of fractional order principal characteristic polynomials. Illustrative examples are presented to explain how to find equivalent roots of fractional order principal characteristic polynomials in order to carry out the LHP stability analyses of fractional order nominal and interval systems. Copyright © 2017 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Jacobi stability analysis of scalar field models with minimal coupling to gravity in a cosmological background

    CERN Document Server

    Dănilă, Bogdan; Mak, Man Kwong; Pantaragphong, Praiboon; Sabau, Sorin

    2016-01-01

    We perform the study of the stability of the cosmological scalar field models, by using the Jacobi stability analysis, or the Kosambi-Cartan-Chern (KCC) theory. In the KCC approach we describe the time evolution of the scalar field cosmologies in geometric terms, by performing a "second geometrization", by considering them as paths of a semispray. By introducing a non-linear connection and a Berwald type connection associated to the Friedmann and Klein-Gordon equations, five geometrical invariants can be constructed, with the second invariant giving the Jacobi stability of the cosmological model. We obtain all the relevant geometric quantities, and we formulate the condition of the Jacobi stability for scalar field cosmologies in the second order formalism. As an application of the developed methods we consider the Jacobi stability properties of the scalar fields with exponential and Higgs type potential. We find that the Universe dominated by a scalar field exponential potential is in Jacobi unstable state, ...

  2. Dimension theory of arbitrary modules over finite von Neumann algebras and applications to $L^2$-Betti numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Lück, W

    1997-01-01

    We define for arbitrary modules over a finite von Neumann algebra $\\cala$ a dimension taking values in $[0,\\infty]$ which extends the classical notion of von Neumann dimension for finitely generated projective $\\cala$-modules and inherits all its useful properties such as additivity, cofinality and continuity. This allows to define $L^2$-Betti numbers for arbitrary topological spaces with an action of a discrete group $\\Gamma$ extending the well-known definition for regular coverings of compact manifolds. We show for an amenable group $\\Gamma$ that the $p$-th $L^2$-Betti number depends only on the dimension function we detect elements in $G_0(\\cc\\Gamma)$, provided that and first $L^2$-Betti numbers resp. all $L^2$-Betti numbers vanish. We study $L^2$-Euler characteristics and introduce for a discrete group $\\Gamma$ its Burnside group extending the classical notions of Burnside ring and Burnside ring congruences for finite $\\Gamma$.

  3. An analysis of smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swegle, J.W.; Attaway, S.W.; Heinstein, M.W.; Mello, F.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hicks, D.L. [Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)

    1994-03-01

    SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics) is a gridless Lagrangian technique which is appealing as a possible alternative to numerical techniques currently used to analyze high deformation impulsive loading events. In the present study, the SPH algorithm has been subjected to detailed testing and analysis to determine its applicability in the field of solid dynamics. An important result of the work is a rigorous von Neumann stability analysis which provides a simple criterion for the stability or instability of the method in terms of the stress state and the second derivative of the kernel function. Instability, which typically occurs only for solids in tension, results not from the numerical time integration algorithm, but because the SPH algorithm creates an effective stress with a negative modulus. The analysis provides insight into possible methods for removing the instability. Also, SPH has been coupled into the transient dynamics finite element code PRONTO, and a weighted residual derivation of the SPH equations has been obtained.

  4. The beauty of simple adaptive control and new developments in nonlinear systems stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkana, Itzhak

    2014-12-01

    Although various adaptive control techniques have been around for a long time and in spite of successful proofs of stability and even successful demonstrations of performance, the eventual use of adaptive control methodologies in practical real world systems has met a rather strong resistance from practitioners and has remained limited. Apparently, it is difficult to guarantee or even understand the conditions that can guarantee stable operations of adaptive control systems under realistic operational environments. Besides, it is difficult to measure the robustness of adaptive control system stability and allow it to be compared with the common and widely used measure of phase margin and gain margin that is utilized by present, mainly LTI, controllers. Furthermore, customary stability analysis methods seem to imply that the mere stability of adaptive systems may be adversely affected by any tiny deviation from the pretty idealistic and assumably required stability conditions. This paper first revisits the fundamental qualities of customary direct adaptive control methodologies, in particular the classical Model Reference Adaptive Control, and shows that some of their basic drawbacks have been addressed and eliminated within the so-called Simple Adaptive Control methodology. Moreover, recent developments in the stability analysis methods of nonlinear systems show that prior conditions that were customarily assumed to be needed for stability are only apparent and can be eliminated. As a result, sufficient conditions that guarantee stability are clearly stated and lead to similarly clear proofs of stability. As many real-world applications show, once robust stability of the adaptive systems can be guaranteed, the added value of using Add-On Adaptive Control along with classical Control design techniques is pushing the desired performance beyond any previous limits.

  5. Analysis of cavern stability at the West Hackberry SPR site.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Sobolik, Steven Ronald

    2009-05-01

    This report presents computational analyses that simulate the structural response of caverns at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) West Hackberry site. The cavern field comprises 22 caverns. Five caverns (6, 7, 8, 9, 11) were acquired from industry and have unusual shapes and a history dating back to 1946. The other 17 caverns (101-117) were leached according to SPR standards in the mid-1980s and have tall cylindrical shapes. The history of the caverns and their shapes are simulated in a three-dimensional geomechanics model of the site that predicts deformations, strains, and stresses. Future leaching scenarios corresponding to oil drawdowns using fresh water are also simulated by increasing the volume of the caverns. Cavern pressures are varied in the model to capture operational practices in the field. The results of the finite element model are interpreted to provide information on the current and future status of subsidence, well integrity, and cavern stability. The most significant results in this report are relevant to Cavern 6. The cavern is shaped like a bowl with a large ceiling span and is in close proximity to Cavern 9. The analyses predict tensile stresses at the edge of the ceiling during repressuization of Cavern 6 following workover conditions. During a workover the cavern is at low pressure to service a well. The wellhead pressures are atmospheric. When the workover is complete, the cavern is repressurized. The resulting elastic stresses are sufficient to cause tension around the edge of the large ceiling span. With time, these stresses relax to a compressive state because of salt creep. However, the potential for salt fracture and propagation exists, particularly towards Cavern 9. With only 200 ft of salt between the caverns, the operational consequences must be examined if the two caverns become connected. A critical time may be during a workover of Cavern 9 in part because of the operational vulnerabilities, but also because dilatant damage is

  6. A diagrammatic description of the equations of motion, current and noise within the second-order von Neumann approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlstrom, O.; Emary, C.; Zedler, P.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the second-order von Neumann approach from a diagrammatic point of view and demonstrate its equivalence with the resonant tunneling approximation. The investigation of higher order diagrams shows that the method correctly reproduces the equation of motion for the single-particle re...... in a two-level dot, a phenomenon that requires the inclusion of electron–electron interaction as well as higher order tunneling processes....

  7. A bifurcation-type theorem for the positive solutions of a nonlinear Neumann problem with concave and convex terms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrie Kravvaritis

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We consider a nonlinear elliptic Neumann problem driven by the p-Laplacian with a reaction that involves the combined effects of a “concave” and of a “convex” terms. The convex term (p-superlinear term need not satisfy the Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition. Employing variational methods based on the critical point theory together with truncation techniques, we prove a bifurcation type theorem for the equation.

  8. Bifurcation analysis of the simplified models of boiling water reactor and identification of global stability boundary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandey, Vikas; Singh, Suneet, E-mail: suneet.singh@iitb.ac.in

    2017-04-15

    Highlights: • Non-linear stability analysis of nuclear reactor is carried out. • Global and local stability boundaries are drawn in the parameter space. • Globally stable, bi-stable, and unstable regions have been demarcated. • The identification of the regions is verified by numerical simulations. - Abstract: Nonlinear stability study of the neutron coupled thermal hydraulics instability has been carried out by several researchers for boiling water reactors (BWRs). The focus of these studies has been to identify subcritical and supercritical Hopf bifurcations. Supercritical Hopf bifurcation are soft or safe due to the fact that stable limit cycles arise in linearly unstable region; linear and global stability boundaries are same for this bifurcation. It is well known that the subcritical bifurcations can be considered as hard or dangerous due to the fact that unstable limit cycles (nonlinear phenomena) exist in the (linearly) stable region. The linear stability leads to a stable equilibrium in such regions, only for infinitesimally small perturbations. However, finite perturbations lead to instability due to the presence of unstable limit cycles. Therefore, it is evident that the linear stability analysis is not sufficient to understand the exact stability characteristics of BWRs. However, the effect of these bifurcations on the stability boundaries has been rarely discussed. In the present work, the identification of global stability boundary is demonstrated using simplified models. Here, five different models with different thermal hydraulics feedback have been investigated. In comparison to the earlier works, current models also include the impact of adding the rate of change in temperature on void reactivity as well as effect of void reactivity on rate of change of temperature. Using the bifurcation analysis of these models the globally stable region in the parameter space has been identified. The globally stable region has only stable solutions and

  9. Linear Stability Analysis of Free Surface Liquid Metal Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannakis, D.; Rosner, R.; Fischer, P.; Ji, H.; Burin, M.; McMurtry, K.

    2006-10-01

    We study the linear stability of the flow of a liquid metal on a planar surface in the presence of an external magnetic field. The objective is to account for the behavior encountered in a free surface MHD experiment at Princeton, but the model has a range of astrophysical and industrial applications (see companion poster). This class of free surface flow exhibits two mechanisms of linear instability. In the so-called `soft' instability, a downstream propagating surface wave of large wavelength becomes mildly unstable. The second, `hard', instability is of the critical layer type and takes place at shorter wavelengths. Solving the eigenvalue problem posed by the coupled Orr-Sommerfeld and induction equations via a spectral method, we find that in the regime of relevance to the Princeton experiment (Reynolds number, magnetic Reynolds number and Hartmann number up to 10 ^ 5 , 10 ^ - 1 , and 10 ^ 3 , respectively) MHD effects suppress both types of instability. The soft instability is efficiently suppressed via resistive dissipation if the background magnetic field is normal to the basic flow. In contrast, the hard instability is strongly suppressed irrespective of the details of the background magnetic field configuration, even at moderate Hartmann numbers.

  10. Accuracy of SLR Observations and Stability of its Analysis Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlis, E. C.; Kuzmicz-Cieslak, M.; Wolford, N.

    2010-12-01

    Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) is currently the only space technique that determines the origin of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) and contributing in equal parts with VLBI, to the definition of its scale. The ITRS requires the origin of its realization, the ITRF, to coincide with the center of mass of the Earth system --the geocenter. Earth orbiting satellites describe orbits centered at the geocenter, so all satellite techniques would in principle sense its location and provide access to it. What singles out SLR is the fact that it is an absolute and very accurate technique compared to those using RF technologies (at present). Despite these theoretical attributes, SLR in practice is far from perfect. There are modeling issues that affect its precision and accuracy, and practical issues (primarily the current tracking network) that are the main cause of its long-term stability. Until we have deployed the next generation tracking networks that will support the goals set forth by the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), we will have to cope with these facts and understand the limitations that they impose and how they affect the various ITRS realizations. We will discuss the current system limitations and the ways that the SLR community is addressing these at present. This will include improved modeling of the measurements, the dynamics of the target satellites, the geophysical models describing the station position at measurement times and the role of the limited SLR ground and space segments deployed today.

  11. Atomic switch: atom/ion movement controlled devices for beyond von-neumann computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi; Terabe, Kazuya; Tsuruoka, Tohru; Aono, Masakazu

    2012-01-10

    An atomic switch is a nanoionic device that controls the diffusion of metal ions/atoms and their reduction/oxidation processes in the switching operation to form/annihilate a conductive path. Since metal atoms can provide a highly conductive channel even if their cluster size is in the nanometer scale, atomic switches may enable downscaling to smaller than the 11 nm technology node, which is a great challenge for semiconductor devices. Atomic switches also possess novel characteristics, such as high on/off ratios, very low power consumption and non-volatility. The unique operating mechanisms of these devices have enabled the development of various types of atomic switch, such as gap-type and gapless-type two-terminal atomic switches and three-terminal atomic switches. Novel functions, such as selective volatile/nonvolatile, synaptic, memristive, and photo-assisted operations have been demonstrated. Such atomic switch characteristics can not only improve the performance of present-day electronic systems, but also enable development of new types of electronic systems, such as beyond von- Neumann computers. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Optimal transport and von Neumann entropy in a Heisenberg XXZ chain out of equilibrium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salerno, Mario; Popkov, Vladislav

    2013-02-01

    In this paper we investigate the spin currents and the von Neumann entropy (vNE) of a Heisenberg XXZ chain in contact with twisted XY-boundary magnetic reservoirs by means of the Lindblad master equation. Exact solutions for the stationary reduced density matrix are explicitly constructed for chains of small sizes by using a quantum symmetry operation of the system. These solutions are then used to investigate the optimal transport in the chain in terms of the vNE. As a result we show that the maximal spin current always occurs in the proximity of minima of the vNE and for particular choices of parameters (coupling with reservoirs and anisotropy) it can exactly coincide with them. As the coupling is increased, current reversals may occur and in the limit of strong coupling we show that minima of the vNE tend to zero, meaning that the maximal transport is achieved in this case with states that are very close to pure states.

  13. Application of Neumann-Kopp rule for the estimation of heat capacity of mixed oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leitner, J., E-mail: jindrich.leitner@vscht.cz [Department of Solid State Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Vonka, P. [Department of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Sedmidubsky, D. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); European Commission, JRC, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postbox 2340, D-76125 Karlsruhe (Germany); Svoboda, P. [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 120 00 Prague 2 (Czech Republic)

    2010-01-10

    The empirical Neumann-Kopp rule (NKR) for the estimation of temperature dependence of heat capacity of mixed oxide is analyzed. NKR gives a reasonable estimate of C{sub pm} for most mixed oxides around room temperature, but at both low and high temperatures the accuracy of the estimate is substantially lowered. At very low temperatures, the validity of NKR is shown to be predominantly determined by the relation between the characteristic Debye and Einstein temperatures of a mixed oxide and its constituents. At high temperatures, the correlation between their molar volumes, volume expansion coefficients and compressibilities takes the dominance. In cases where the formation of a mixed oxide is not accompanied by any volume change, the difference between dilatation contributions to heat capacity of a mixed oxide and its constituents is exclusively negative. It turns out that in the high-temperature range, where the contribution of harmonic lattice vibrations approached the 3NR limit, {Delta}{sub ox}C{sub p} assumes negative values. For more complex oxides whose heat capacity has contributions from terms such as magnetic ordering, electronic excitations, the applicability of NKR is only restricted to lattice and dilatation terms.

  14. Flexible Launch Vehicle Stability Analysis Using Steady and Unsteady Computational Fluid Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    Launch vehicles frequently experience a reduced stability margin through the transonic Mach number range. This reduced stability margin can be caused by the aerodynamic undamping one of the lower-frequency flexible or rigid body modes. Analysis of the behavior of a flexible vehicle is routinely performed with quasi-steady aerodynamic line loads derived from steady rigid aerodynamics. However, a quasi-steady aeroelastic stability analysis can be unconservative at the critical Mach numbers, where experiment or unsteady computational aeroelastic analysis show a reduced or even negative aerodynamic damping.Amethod of enhancing the quasi-steady aeroelastic stability analysis of a launch vehicle with unsteady aerodynamics is developed that uses unsteady computational fluid dynamics to compute the response of selected lower-frequency modes. The response is contained in a time history of the vehicle line loads. A proper orthogonal decomposition of the unsteady aerodynamic line-load response is used to reduce the scale of data volume and system identification is used to derive the aerodynamic stiffness, damping, and mass matrices. The results are compared with the damping and frequency computed from unsteady computational aeroelasticity and from a quasi-steady analysis. The results show that incorporating unsteady aerodynamics in this way brings the enhanced quasi-steady aeroelastic stability analysis into close agreement with the unsteady computational aeroelastic results.

  15. Stability analysis of concrete gravity dam on complicated foundation with multiple slide planes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ren Xuhua

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A key problem in gravity dam design is providing enough stability to prevent slide, and the difficulty increases if there are several weak structural planes in the dam foundation. Overload and material weakening were taken into account, and a finite difference strength reserve method with partial safety factors based on the reliability method was developed and used to study the anti-slide stability of a concrete gravity dam on a complicated foundation with multiple slide planes. Possible slide paths were obtained, and the stability of the foundation with possible failure planes was evaluated through analysis of the stress distribution characteristics. The results reveal the mechanism and process of sliding due to weak structural planes and their deformations, and provide a reference for anti-slide stability analysis of gravity dams in complicated geological conditions.

  16. Robust stability analysis of generalized neural networks with discrete and distributed time delays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Zidong [Department of Information Systems and Computing, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH (United Kingdom) and School of Information Sciences and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051 (China)]. E-mail: zidong.wang@brunel.ac.uk; Shu Huisheng [School of Sciences, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051 (China)]. E-mail: hsshu@dhu.edu.cn; Liu Yurong [Department of Mathematics, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002 (China); Ho, Daniel W.C. [Department of Mathematics, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Liu Xiaohui [Department of Information Systems and Computing, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH (United Kingdom)

    2006-11-15

    This paper is concerned with the problem of robust global stability analysis for generalized neural networks (GNNs) with both discrete and distributed delays. The parameter uncertainties are assumed to be time-invariant and bounded, and belong to given compact sets. The existence of the equilibrium point is first proved under mild conditions, assuming neither differentiability nor strict monotonicity for the activation function. Then, by employing a Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional, the addressed stability analysis problem is converted into a convex optimization problem, and a linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach is utilized to establish the sufficient conditions for the globally robust stability for the GNNs, with and without parameter uncertainties. These conditions can be readily checked by utilizing the Matlab LMI toolbox. A numerical example is provided to demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed global stability condition.

  17. EHPS Handling Stability Analysis of Electric Bus Based on System Identification Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ni; Liu, Hai-mei; Bei, Shao-yi; Li, Bo; Zhao, Jing-bo

    2017-09-01

    Electric hydraulic assist force steering system (EHPS system) is the steering system of electric bus, this paper presents a method of EHPS handling stability analysis based on system identification method according to the handling stability of EHPS system for electric bus. The simulation model of electro-hydraulic assist force steering system EHPS is established by using the software AMESim, and making a quantitative analysis on the characteristics of the electric assist force assisted steering system, the assist force response and stability. At the same time, we study the stability of vehicle, including hunting, transient response, return experiment, the results show that the HPS and EHPS by comparing the simulation: It improves the portability, road sense, transient response and return performance after loading the system, which verifiy the effectiveness of the control strategy that improves vehicle steering performance, and it provides the basis for the optimization of control methods in the future.

  18. Robust Stability Analysis of PMSM with Parametric Uncertainty using Kharitonov Theorem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar Yadav

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM are used as servo motor for precise motion control and are used as generator to generate electrical energy driven by wind energy. There is large variation in inertia due to varying load and parametric uncertainty in PMSM. The design objective of this paper is to analytically determine the relative robust stability of PMSM with parametric uncertainty using Kharitonov theorem and Routh stability criterion. The conventional integral controller (IC and two robust internal model controllers (IMCs are used for relative robust stability analysis of speed control of PMSM. The frequency domain performance specifications like gain margin (GM and phase margin (PM are taken for relative robust stability analysis, and the effect of controllers on time domain performance specifications such as settling time (ST, rise time (RT and overshoot (OS is also studied.

  19. Evaluation of phenotypic stability of cassava clones by AMMI analysis in northwestern Paraná state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Kvitschal

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available High yield stability and adaptability of storage root are highly desirable attributes of cassava clones. Theobjective of this study was therefore to evaluate the effect of the genotype x environment interaction (G x E and the stability ofcassava clones developed at IAC. A subset of eight cassava genotypes was chosen in trials of storage root yield, arranged ina randomized complete block design with four replications, in two counties (Araruna and Maringá, in the northwesternregion of Paraná State, over five growing seasons (1997-2001. The G x E interaction was evaluated by joint varianceanalysis and stability and adaptability by AMMI analysis. The G x E interaction was significant (P<0.05 for storage rootyield. Results indicated AMMI analysis as an efficient tool for the evaluation of phenotypic adaptability and stability of cassavaclones and IAC 190 as the most promising clone.

  20. The system of equations for mixed BVP with one Dirichlet boundary condition and three Neumann boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusop, Nur Syaza Mohd; Mohamed, Nurul Akmal

    2017-05-01

    Boundary Element Method (BEM) is a numerical way to approximate the solutions of a Boundary Value Problem (BVP). The potential problem which involves the Laplace's equation on the square shape domain will be considered where the boundary is divided into four sets of linear boundary elements. We study the derivation system of equation for mixed BVP with one Dirichlet Boundary Condition (BC) is prescribed on one element of the boundary and Neumann BC on the other three elements. The mixed BVP will be reduced to a Boundary Integral Equation (BIE) by using a direct method which involves Green's second identity representation formula. Then, linear interpolation is used where the boundary will be discretized into some linear elements. As the result, we then obtain the system of linear equations. In conclusion, the specific element in the mixed BVP will have the specific prescribe value depends on the type of boundary condition. For Dirichlet BC, it has only one value at each node but for the Neumann BC, there will be different values at the corner nodes due to outward normal. Therefore, the assembly process for the system of equations related to the mixed BVP may not be as straight forward as Dirichlet BVP and Neumann BVP. For the future research, we will consider the different shape domains for mixed BVP with different prescribed boundary conditions.

  1. WEB-THERMODYN: sequence analysis software for profiling DNA helical stability

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Yanlin; Kowalski, David

    2003-01-01

    WEB-THERMODYN analyzes DNA sequences and computes the DNA helical stability, i.e. the free energy required to unwind and separate the strands of the double helix. A helical stability profile across a selected DNA region or the entire sequence is generated by sliding-window analysis. WEB-THERMODYN can predict sites of low helical stability present at regulatory regions for transcription and replication and can be used to test the influence of mutations. The program can be accessed at: http://w...

  2. An Impedance-Based Stability Analysis Method for Paralleled Voltage Source Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    2014-01-01

    is assessed based on a series of Nyquist diagrams drawn for the terminal impedance of each converter. Thus, the effect of the right half-plane zeros of terminal impedances in the derivation of impedance ratio for paralleled source-source converters is avoided. The interaction between the terminal impedance......This paper analyses the stability of paralleled voltage source converters in AC distributed power systems. An impedance-based stability analysis method is presented based on the Nyquist criterion for multiloop system. Instead of deriving the impedance ratio as usual, the system stability...

  3. Squeezing instabilities and delamination in elastic bilayers: a linear stability analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annepu, Hemalatha; Sarkar, Jayati

    2012-11-01

    A linear stability analysis is presented to understand the instabilities that arise in an elastic bilayer, consisting of a very thin bottom layer (thickness delamination of the film-film interface. The instability length scales, the strength of interactions required, and the delamination decrease as the compliance of the top film increases. Surface tension effects are found to have a stabilizing influence which increases the instability length scales and decreases the degree of delamination at the cost of high interaction penalty.

  4. Detecting long-range correlation with detrended fluctuation analysis: Application to BWR stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa-Paredes, Gilberto [Departamento de Ingenieria de Procesos e Hidraulica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Apartado Postal 55-534, Mexico, DF 09340 (Mexico)]. E-mail: gepe@xanum.uam.mx; Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose [Departamento de Ingenieria de Procesos e Hidraulica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Apartado Postal 55-534, Mexico, DF 09340 (Mexico); Vazquez, Alejandro [Departamento de Ingenieria de Procesos e Hidraulica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Apartado Postal 55-534, Mexico, DF 09340 (Mexico)

    2006-11-15

    The aim of this paper is to explore the application of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) to study boiling water reactor stability. DFA is a scaling method commonly used for detecting long-range correlations in non-stationary time series. This method is based on the random walk theory and was applied to neutronic power signal of Forsmark stability benchmark. Our results shows that the scaling properties breakdown during unstable oscillations.

  5. Stability Analysis of High-Speed Boundary-Layer Flow with Gas Injection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    boundary-layer flow with gas injection 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Alexander V. Fedorov ...distribution unlimited Stability analysis of high-speed boundary-layer flow with gas injection Alexander V. Fedorov * and Vitaly G. Soudakov...Laminar Flow, AGARD Report Number 709, 1984. 2. Fedorov , A., “Transition and Stability of High-Speed Boundary Layers,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., Vol

  6. ANALYSIS OF PERTURBED MOTION STABILITY OF WHEELER VEHICLES BRAKES CONTROL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Verbytskiyi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the perturbed motion stability of the brake automatic control system on the basis of Lyapunov’s second method is carried out. Using transformations of Lurie there has been ob-tained the canonical form of the system of equations of automatic control. It allowed determining the necessary and sufficient conditions of the asymptotic stability of the system irrespective of its initial condition and a definite choice of the admissible characteristic of the regulator.

  7. Analysis of Thermal Stability of Different Counter on 28nm FPGA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gupta, Daizy; Yadav, Amit; Hussain, Dil muhammed Akbar

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we are presenting the power analysis for thermal awareness of different counters. The technique we are using to do the analysis is based on 28 nm FPGA tech-nique. In this work during implementation on FPGA, we are going to analyze thermal stability of different counters in temperature...

  8. stability analysis of ssss thin rectangular plate using multi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Thereafter, Galerkin's model was applied to the classical governing differential equation of uniaxial plate buckling with the ... Rather than apply Ritz direct variational ... continuum analysis. This paper therefore, presents an improved Taylor. Maclaurin's solution approach that considered higher order functions in the Galerkin' ...

  9. Stress determination and geomechanical stability analysis of an oil ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Practical data including geomechanical parameters along with drilling data from one of Iranian oilfields, Mansouri-54 well have been utilized in this analysis. in situ stress was determined using stress polygon method and conducting hydraulic fracturing data in the field. Analytical solution using the Mogi–Coulomb and the ...

  10. Integrated analysis software for bulk power system stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, T.; Nagao, T.; Takahashi, K. [Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-31

    This paper presents Central Research Inst.of Electric Power Industry - CRIEPI`s - own developed three softwares for bulk power network analysis and the user support system which arranges tremendous data necessary for these softwares with easy and high reliability. (author) 3 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Spreadsheet analysis of stability and meta-stability of low-dimensional magnetic particles using the Ising approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrmann, Andrea; Blachowicz, Tomasz; Zghidi, Hafed

    2015-05-01

    Modelling hysteresis behaviour, as it can be found in a broad variety of dynamical systems, can be performed in different ways. An elementary approach, applied for a set of elementary cells, which uses only two possible states per cell, is the Ising model. While such Ising models allow for a simulation of many systems with sufficient accuracy, they nevertheless depict some typical features which must be taken into account with proper care, such as meta-stability or the externally applied field sweeping speed. This paper gives a general overview of recent results from Ising models from the perspective of a didactic model, based on a 2D spreadsheet analysis, which can be used also for solving general scientific problems where direct next-neighbour interactions take place.

  12. The Contribution of Particle Swarm Optimization to Three-Dimensional Slope Stability Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roohollah Kalatehjari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few years, particle swarm optimization (PSO has been extensively applied in various geotechnical engineering including slope stability analysis. However, this contribution was limited to two-dimensional (2D slope stability analysis. This paper applied PSO in three-dimensional (3D slope stability problem to determine the critical slip surface (CSS of soil slopes. A detailed description of adopted PSO was presented to provide a good basis for more contribution of this technique to the field of 3D slope stability problems. A general rotating ellipsoid shape was introduced as the specific particle for 3D slope stability analysis. A detailed sensitivity analysis was designed and performed to find the optimum values of parameters of PSO. Example problems were used to evaluate the applicability of PSO in determining the CSS of 3D slopes. The first example presented a comparison between the results of PSO and PLAXI-3D finite element software and the second example compared the ability of PSO to determine the CSS of 3D slopes with other optimization methods from the literature. The results demonstrated the efficiency and effectiveness of PSO in determining the CSS of 3D soil slopes.

  13. The Contribution of Particle Swarm Optimization to Three-Dimensional Slope Stability Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    A Rashid, Ahmad Safuan; Ali, Nazri

    2014-01-01

    Over the last few years, particle swarm optimization (PSO) has been extensively applied in various geotechnical engineering including slope stability analysis. However, this contribution was limited to two-dimensional (2D) slope stability analysis. This paper applied PSO in three-dimensional (3D) slope stability problem to determine the critical slip surface (CSS) of soil slopes. A detailed description of adopted PSO was presented to provide a good basis for more contribution of this technique to the field of 3D slope stability problems. A general rotating ellipsoid shape was introduced as the specific particle for 3D slope stability analysis. A detailed sensitivity analysis was designed and performed to find the optimum values of parameters of PSO. Example problems were used to evaluate the applicability of PSO in determining the CSS of 3D slopes. The first example presented a comparison between the results of PSO and PLAXI-3D finite element software and the second example compared the ability of PSO to determine the CSS of 3D slopes with other optimization methods from the literature. The results demonstrated the efficiency and effectiveness of PSO in determining the CSS of 3D soil slopes. PMID:24991652

  14. Slope Stability Analysis of Earth-Rockfill Dams Using MGA and UST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Nansheng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The nonlinear Unified Strength Theory (UST, which takes into account the effect of intermediate stress and nonlinear behavior on geotechnical strength, is applied in slope stability analysis of earth-rockfill dams (ERD in this paper. The biggest drawback for general determination of slip surface is that it must presuppose the shape of slip surface and is unable to identify the critical noncircular slip surface more accurately. This paper proposes an optimal analytic model of slope stability analysis of ERD and employs modified genetic algorithm (MGA to search for the slip surface on the basis of shear failure criteria of the nonlinear UST without prior assumption of the shape of slip surface. The application of MGA dependent on Matlab toolbox to the slope stability analysis of ERD shows that MGA can consequently overcome the weakness of easily falling into local optimal solutions brought by general optimal algorithms.

  15. Modeling and stability analysis of the nonlinear reactive sputtering process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    György Katalin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The model of the reactive sputtering process has been determined from the dynamic equilibrium of the reactive gas inside the chamber and the dynamic equilibrium of the sputtered metal atoms which form the compound with the reactive gas atoms on the surface of the substrate. The analytically obtained dynamical model is a system of nonlinear differential equations which can result in a histeresis-type input/output nonlinearity. The reactive sputtering process has been simulated by integrating these differential equations. Linearization has been applied for classical analysis of the sputtering process and control system design.

  16. Analysis of stability boundaries of satellite's equilibrium attitude in a circular orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novikov, M. A.

    2016-03-01

    An asymmetric satellite equipped with control momentum gyroscopes (CMGs) with the center of mass of the system moving uniformly in a circular orbit was considered. The stability of a relative equilibrium attitude of the satellite was analyzed using Lyapunov's direct method. The Lyapunov function V is a positive definite integral of the total energy of the perturbed motion of the system. The asymptotic stability analysis of the stationary motion of the conservative system was based on the Barbashin-Krasovskii theorem on the nonexistence of integer trajectories of the set dot V, which was obtained using the differential equations of motion of the satellite with CMGs. By analyzing the sign definiteness of the quadratic part of V, it was found earlier by V.V. Sazonov that the stability region is described by four strict inequalities. The asymptotic stability at the stability boundary was analyzed by sequentially turning these inequalities into equalities with terms of orders higher than the second taken into account in V. The sign definiteness analysis of the inhomogeneous function V at the stability boundary involved a huge amount of computations related to the multiplication, expansion, substitution, and factorization of symbolic expressions. The computations were performed by applying a computer algebra system on a personal computer.

  17. Stability analysis and controller synthesis for hybrid dynamical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heemels, W P M H; De Schutter, B; Lunze, J; Lazar, M

    2010-11-13

    Wherever continuous and discrete dynamics interact, hybrid systems arise. This is especially the case in many technological systems in which logic decision-making and embedded control actions are combined with continuous physical processes. Also for many mechanical, biological, electrical and economical systems the use of hybrid models is essential to adequately describe their behaviour. To capture the evolution of these systems, mathematical models are needed that combine in one way or another the dynamics of the continuous parts of the system with the dynamics of the logic and discrete parts. These mathematical models come in all kinds of variations, but basically consist of some form of differential or difference equations on the one hand and automata or other discrete-event models on the other hand. The collection of analysis and synthesis techniques based on these models forms the research area of hybrid systems theory, which plays an important role in the multi-disciplinary design of many technological systems that surround us. This paper presents an overview from the perspective of the control community on modelling, analysis and control design for hybrid dynamical systems and surveys the major research lines in this appealing and lively research area.

  18. Linear stability analysis of collective neutrino oscillations without spurious modes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morinaga, Taiki; Yamada, Shoichi

    2018-01-01

    Collective neutrino oscillations are induced by the presence of neutrinos themselves. As such, they are intrinsically nonlinear phenomena and are much more complex than linear counterparts such as the vacuum or Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein oscillations. They obey integro-differential equations, for which it is also very challenging to obtain numerical solutions. If one focuses on the onset of collective oscillations, on the other hand, the equations can be linearized and the technique of linear analysis can be employed. Unfortunately, however, it is well known that such an analysis, when applied with discretizations of continuous angular distributions, suffers from the appearance of so-called spurious modes: unphysical eigenmodes of the discretized linear equations. In this paper, we analyze in detail the origin of these unphysical modes and present a simple solution to this annoying problem. We find that the spurious modes originate from the artificial production of pole singularities instead of a branch cut on the Riemann surface by the discretizations. The branching point singularities on the Riemann surface for the original nondiscretized equations can be recovered by approximating the angular distributions with polynomials and then performing the integrals analytically. We demonstrate for some examples that this simple prescription does remove the spurious modes. We also propose an even simpler method: a piecewise linear approximation to the angular distribution. It is shown that the same methodology is applicable to the multienergy case as well as to the dispersion relation approach that was proposed very recently.

  19. Stability Analysis of a Predecessor-Following Platoon of Vehicles With Two Time Delays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ghasemi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The problem of controlling a platoon of vehicles moving in one dimension is considered so that they all follow a lead vehicle with constant spacing between successive vehicles. The stability and the string stability of a platoon of vehicles with two independent and uncertain delays, one in the inter-vehicle distance and the other in the relative velocity information channels, are considered. The main objectives of this paper are: (1 using a simplifying factorization procedure and deploying the cluster treatment of characteristic roots (CTCR paradigm to obtain exact stability boundaries in the domain of the delays, and (2 for the purpose of disturbance attenuation, the string stability analysis is examined. Finally, a simulation example of multiple vehicle platoon control is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  20. Robust absolute stability analysis for interval nonlinear active disturbance rejection based control system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Xia, Yuanqing; Qi, Xiaohui; Zhao, Pengpeng

    2017-07-01

    Active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) is a relatively new, quite different but very practical control technology, which shows much promise in replacement of proportion-integration-differentiation (PID) with unmistakable advantage in performance and practicality. This paper mainly concerns with the robust absolute stability of the ADRC based control system with parameter perturbations of the plant, i.e., ADRC based interval control system. Firstly, the system is transformed into a perturbed indirect Lurie system. Then, the Popov criterion and its robust version are presented and some new methods are developed to analyze the (robust) absolute stability for the interval control system. Furthermore, an example is presented to illustrate (robust) absolute stability analysis via the above methods, which verifies the convenience and practicability of these methods and shows the strong stability robustness of ADRC in the presence of parametric uncertainties. Copyright © 2017 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Stability Analysis and Controller Synthesis for Single-Loop Voltage-Controlled VSIs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiongfei; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2017-01-01

    This paper analyzes the stability of the digital single-loop voltage-controlled Voltage-Source Inverters (VSIs) using linear voltage regulators. It reveals that the phase lags caused by using the resonant controller and the time delay of digital control system can stabilize the voltage loop witho...... proposed, and a holistic design method of the controller is developed with the root contours in the discrete z-domain. Simulations and experimental tests for a 400-Hz VSI system validate the theoretical analysis and the performance of the proposed approach.......This paper analyzes the stability of the digital single-loop voltage-controlled Voltage-Source Inverters (VSIs) using linear voltage regulators. It reveals that the phase lags caused by using the resonant controller and the time delay of digital control system can stabilize the voltage loop without...

  2. BWR stability analysis: methodology of the stability analysis and results of PSI for the NEA/NCR benchmark task; SWR Stabilitaetsanalyse: Methodik der Stabilitaetsanalyse und PSI-Ergebnisse zur NEA/NCR Benchmarkaufgabe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennig, D.; Nechvatal, L. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1996-09-01

    The report describes the PSI stability analysis methodology and the validation of this methodology based on the international OECD/NEA BWR stability benchmark task. In the frame of this work, the stability properties of some operation points of the NPP Ringhals 1 have been analysed and compared with the experimental results. (author) figs., tabs., 45 refs.

  3. Frequency domain stability analysis of nonlinear active disturbance rejection control system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Qi, Xiaohui; Xia, Yuanqing; Pu, Fan; Chang, Kai

    2015-05-01

    This paper applies three methods (i.e., root locus analysis, describing function method and extended circle criterion) to approach the frequency domain stability analysis of the fast tool servo system using nonlinear active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) algorithm. Root locus qualitative analysis shows that limit cycle is generated because the gain of the nonlinear function used in ADRC varies with its input. The parameters in the nonlinear function are adjustable to suppress limit cycle. In the process of root locus analysis, the nonlinear function is transformed based on the concept of equivalent gain. Then, frequency domain description of the nonlinear function via describing function is presented and limit cycle quantitative analysis including estimating prediction error is presented, which virtually and theoretically demonstrates that the describing function method cannot guarantee enough precision in this case. Furthermore, absolute stability analysis based on extended circle criterion is investigated as a complement. Copyright © 2014 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Stability Analysis of a Repairable System with Warning Device and Repairman Vacation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yangli Ren

    2013-01-01

    probability analysis method, the system is first transformed into a group of integrodifferential equations. Then, the existence and uniqueness as well as regularity of the system dynamic solution are discussed with the functional analysis method. Further, the asymptotic stability, especially the exponential stability of the system dynamic solution, is studied by using the strongly continuous semigroup theory or C0 semigroup theory. The reliability indices and some applications (such as the comparisons of indices and profit of systems with and without warning device, as well as numerical examples, are presented at the end of the paper.

  5. Classical linear-control analysis applied to business-cycle dynamics and stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingrove, R. C.

    1983-01-01

    Linear control analysis is applied as an aid in understanding the fluctuations of business cycles in the past, and to examine monetary policies that might improve stabilization. The analysis shows how different policies change the frequency and damping of the economic system dynamics, and how they modify the amplitude of the fluctuations that are caused by random disturbances. Examples are used to show how policy feedbacks and policy lags can be incorporated, and how different monetary strategies for stabilization can be analytically compared. Representative numerical results are used to illustrate the main points.

  6. Mathematical Model and Stability Analysis of Inverter-Based Distributed Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Khadem Abbasi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a mathematical (small-signal model of an electronically interfaced distributed generator (DG by considering the effect of voltage and frequency variations of the prime source. Dynamic equations are found by linearization about an operating point. In this study, the dynamic of DC part of the interface is included in the model. The stability analysis shows with proper selection of system parameters; the system is stable during steady-state and dynamic situations, and oscillatory modes are well damped. The proposed model is useful to study stability analysis of a standalone DG or a Microgrid.

  7. Linear stability analysis of detonations via numerical computation and dynamic mode decomposition

    KAUST Repository

    Kabanov, Dmitry I.

    2017-12-08

    We introduce a new method to investigate linear stability of gaseous detonations that is based on an accurate shock-fitting numerical integration of the linearized reactive Euler equations with a subsequent analysis of the computed solution via the dynamic mode decomposition. The method is applied to the detonation models based on both the standard one-step Arrhenius kinetics and two-step exothermic-endothermic reaction kinetics. Stability spectra for all cases are computed and analyzed. The new approach is shown to be a viable alternative to the traditional normal-mode analysis used in detonation theory.

  8. Stability in a diffusive food chain model with Michaelis-Menten functional response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Zhigui; Pedersen, Michael

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with the behavior of positive solutions to a reaction-diffusion system with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions describing a three species food chain. A sufficient condition for the local asymptotical stability is given by linearization and also a sufficient condition...

  9. Shell stability analysis in a computer aided engineering (CAE) environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbocz, J.; Hol, J. M. A. M.

    1993-01-01

    The development of 'DISDECO', the Delft Interactive Shell DEsign COde is described. The purpose of this project is to make the accumulated theoretical, numerical and practical knowledge of the last 25 years or so readily accessible to users interested in the analysis of buckling sensitive structures. With this open ended, hierarchical, interactive computer code the user can access from his workstation successively programs of increasing complexity. The computational modules currently operational in DISDECO provide the prospective user with facilities to calculate the critical buckling loads of stiffened anisotropic shells under combined loading, to investigate the effects the various types of boundary conditions will have on the critical load, and to get a complete picture of the degrading effects the different shapes of possible initial imperfections might cause, all in one interactive session. Once a design is finalized, its collapse load can be verified by running a large refined model remotely from behind the workstation with one of the current generation 2-dimensional codes, with advanced capabilities to handle both geometric and material nonlinearities.

  10. Static stability analysis of embedded flexoelectric nanoplates considering surface effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi, Farzad; Barati, Mohammad Reza

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, electromechanical buckling behavior of size-dependent flexoelectric nanoplates is investigated based on nonlocal and surface elasticity theories. Flexoelectricity represents the coupling between strain gradients and electrical polarizations. Flexoelectric nanoplates can tolerate higher buckling loads compared with conventional piezoelectric nanoplates, especially at lower thicknesses. The flexoelectric nanoplate is in contact with a two-parameter elastic foundation, which consists of infinite linear springs and a shear layer. Nonlocal elasticity theory of Eringen is applied in the analysis of flexoelectric nanoplates for the first time. The residual surface stresses which are usually neglected in the modeling of flexoelectric nanoplates are incorporated into nonlocal elasticity to provide better understanding of the physics of the problem. Applying an analytical solution which satisfies various boundary conditions, the governing equations obtained from Hamilton's principle are solved. The reliability of the present approach is verified by comparing the obtained results with those provided in literature. Finally, the influences of nonlocal parameter, surface effect, plate geometrical parameters, elastic foundation and boundary conditions on the buckling characteristics of flexoelectric nanoplates are explored.

  11. Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Time–Delayed Systems with Application to Biological Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kruthika H.A.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we analyse the local stability of a gene-regulatory network and immunotherapy for cancer modelled as nonlinear time-delay systems. A numerically generated kernel, using the sum-of-squares decomposition of multivariate polynomials, is used in the construction of an appropriate Lyapunov–Krasovskii functional for stability analysis of the networks around an equilibrium point. This analysis translates to verifying equivalent LMI conditions. A delay-independent asymptotic stability of a second-order model of a gene regulatory network, taking into consideration multiple commensurate delays, is established. In the case of cancer immunotherapy, a predator–prey type model is adopted to describe the dynamics with cancer cells and immune cells contributing to the predator–prey population, respectively. A delay-dependent asymptotic stability of the cancer-free equilibrium point is proved. Apart from the system and control point of view, in the case of gene-regulatory networks such stability analysis of dynamics aids mimicking gene networks synthetically using integrated circuits like neurochips learnt from biological neural networks, and in the case of cancer immunotherapy it helps determine the long-term outcome of therapy and thus aids oncologists in deciding upon the right approach.

  12. Analysis of data reliability and stability in HR-SDN communication module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Dong-Hee; Shin, Jin-Chul; Park, Hong-Seong

    2007-12-01

    Profibus is open industrial communication system for wide range of applications in manufacturing and process automation. In Profibus, FDL service use to need hard real-time system. In these systems required data reliability and stability and real-time feature. Profibus fieldbus networks used in many industrial fields because of it supports real-time industrial communication. So we analyze of data reliability and stabilization in profibus network. In this paper, there was to a station for communication which uses FDL from in the communication module which is used a data transfer possibility at once, and from communication period (ex. 10ms) it analyzed the system effect which it follows in transmission lag occurrence element and a data transfer error ratio it analyzed. Like this analytical result it led and there were from transmission for reliability and data stability they confirmed to HR-SDN communication modules and a guarantee yes or no. In this paper, we try to analysis of transmission delay ability for satisfaction data reliability and stability in specific system, which requested real-time feature. And, we analysis system reconstruction time and data delay time according to data/token packet loss. Packet-error occur physical layer in Profibus. As a result of above analysis, we propose method of enhancement of reliability in system which requested system reliability and stability. And, we confirm proposed method.

  13. An assessment of turbulence models for linear hydrodynamic stability analysis of strongly swirling jets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rukes, Lothar; Paschereit, Christian Oliver; Oberleithner, Kilian

    2016-09-01

    Linear stability analysis has proven to be a useful tool in the analysis of dominant coherent structures, such as the von K\\'{a}rm\\'{a}n vortex street and the global spiral mode associated with the vortex breakdown of swirling jets. In recent years, linear stability analysis has been applied successfully to turbulent time-mean flows, instead of laminar base-flows, \\textcolor{black}{which requires turbulent models that account for the interaction of the turbulent field with the coherent structures. To retain the stability equations of laminar flows, the Boussinesq approximation with a spatially nonuniform but isotropic eddy viscosity is typically employed. In this work we assess the applicability of this concept to turbulent strongly swirling jets, a class of flows that is particularly unsuited for isotropic eddy viscosity models. Indeed we find that unsteady RANS simulations only match with experiments with a Reynolds stress model that accounts for an anisotropic eddy viscosity. However, linear stability analysis of the mean flow is shown to accurately predict the global mode growth rate and frequency if the employed isotropic eddy viscosity represents a least-squares approximation of the anisotropic eddy viscosity. Viscosities derived from the $k-\\epsilon$ model did not achieve a good prediction of the mean flow nor did they allow for accurate stability calculations. We conclude from this study that linear stability analysis can be accurate for flows with strongly anisotropic turbulent viscosity and the capability of the Boussinesq approximation in terms of URANS-based mean flow prediction is not a prerequisite.

  14. Transient and stability analysis of a BWR core with thorium-uranium fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez-Carrera, Alejandro [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Barragan 779 Col. Narvarte, 03020 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Espinosa-Paredes, Gilberto [Division de Ciencias Basicas e Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 Mexico, DF (Mexico)], E-mail: gepe@xanum.uam.mx; Francois, Juan-Luis [Departamento de Sistemas Energeticos, Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Paseo Cuauhnahuac 8532, 62550 Jiutepec Mor. (Mexico)

    2008-08-15

    The kinetic response of a boiling water reactor (BWR) equilibrium core using thorium as a nuclear material, in an integrated blanket-seed assembly, is presented in this work. Additionally an in-house code was developed to evaluate this core under steady state and transient conditions including a stability analysis. The code has two modules: (a) the time domain module for transient analysis and (b) the frequency domain module for stability analysis. The thermal-hydraulic process is modeled by a set of five equations, considering no homogeneous flow with drift-flux approximation and non-equilibrium thermodynamic. The neutronic process is calculated with a point kinetics model. Typical BWR reactivity effects are considered: void fraction, fuel temperature, moderator temperature and control rod density. Collapsed parameters were included in the code to represent the core using an average fuel channel. For the stability analysis, in the frequency domain, the transfer function is determined by applying Laplace-transforming to the calculated pressure drop perturbations in each of the considered regions where a constant total pressure drop was considered. The transfer function was used to study the system response in the frequency domain when an inlet flow perturbation is applied. The results show that the neutronic behavior of the core with thorium uranium fuel is similar to a UO{sub 2} core, even during transient conditions. The stability and transient analysis show that the thorium-uranium fuel can be operated safely in current BWRs.

  15. Pore pressure prediction and well bore stability analysis in Lower Paleozoic shale formation, N Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Słota-Valim, Małgorzata

    2017-04-01

    Pore pressure and wellbore stability sometimes pose a serious challenge while drilling, especially through rock formations of reduced strength or through intervals where abnormally high pore pressure was formed. Lack of prediction of pore pressure and lack of wellbore stability analysis introduce an element of uncertainty in selection of drilling fluid density. Too low density of drilling fluid can lead to uncontrolled flow of the reservoir fluid to the wellbore (kicks), washouts and occurrence of cavern like structures called breakouts. On the other hand too high density can lead to formation fracturing and further fluid loss. Therefore wellbore stability loss frequently prolongs the operating time, rising the costs of the drilling and in severe cases may end up well abandons loss. The above mentioned complications can be avoided or greatly reduced by reliable analysis of drilling conditions with the aspects to geomechanical characteristics of drilled rock formations. This study presents the results of analysis of pore pressure performed with the use of commonly used in oil industry methods. The analysis of pore pressure was carried out in almost entire profile of four boreholes drilled through lower Paleozoic shales, deposited in the southern part of the Baltic Basin. In addition wellbore stability analysis was performed in the well with most complete geomechanical input data base. Obtained results helped identifying intervals with elevated pore pressure could pose a risk during drilling operation. Elaborated 1D geomechanical model provides safe mud weight window helping to reduce the instabilities risk and constitute a great tool for geomechanical model validation.

  16. Reliability Analysis of the Chatter Stability during Milling Using a Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sen Hu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The parameters of a system have the randomness generally in the process of milling, which influences the stability of the milling. This paper uses the neural network to get a comprehensive analysis of the influences of random factors in milling and proposes a method for reliability analysis of the regenerative chatter stability in milling. Dynamic model of milling regenerative chatter is established, and stability lobe diagram is obtained by the full-discretization method (FDM. The neural network is applied to approximate the functional relationship of the limit axial cutting depth; then the reliability is computed with the Monte Carlo simulation method (MCSM and the moment method (MM, respectively. Finally, the results of an example are used to demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method.

  17. Transient Stability Analysis of the SeCRETS Experiment in SULTAN

    CERN Document Server

    Bottura, L; Marinucci, C

    2002-01-01

    We present here the results of the analysis of the stability experiment SeCRETS, performed on two Nb3Sn cable-in-conduit conductors with the same amount of total copper stabilizer, but different degree of segregation. The model used for the analysis, including superconducting strands, conductor jacket and helium, is solved with the code GandalfTM. We obtain a qualitative agreement of simulation results and experimental values. The simulation results confirm that in the operation regime explored in the experiment the segregated copper is not effective for stability. The details of the current sharing and the approximation taken for the transient heat transfer are shown to be critical for the interpretation.

  18. Small-Signal Stability Analysis of Full-Load Converter Interfaced Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knüppel, Thyge; Akhmatov, Vladislav; Nielsen, Jørgen Nygård

    2009-01-01

    Power system stability investigations of wind farms often cover the tasks of low-voltage-fault-ride-through, voltage and reactive power control, and power balancing, but not much attention has yet been paid to the task of small-signal stability. Small-signal stability analysis needs increasing...... focus since the share of wind power increases substituting power generation from conventional power plants. Here, a study based on modal analysis is presented which investigate the effect of large scale integration of full-load converter interfaced wind turbines on inter-area oscillations in a three...... generator network. A detailed aggregated wind turbine model is employed which includes all necessary control functions. It is shown that the wind urbines have very low participation in the inter-area power oscillation....

  19. Mechanical analysis of asphalt stabilized permeable base to inhibit reflective cracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Min

    2017-09-01

    Asphalt stabilized drainage base has good drainage performance, can effectively rule out the water in pavement structure, reduce the occurrence of water damage, and maintain good pavement performance. Based on the mechanical analysis of the affect of asphalt stabilized permeable base on the inhibition of reflection crack, using the finite element software to simulate the stress characteristics of the asphalt and to do the mechanical analysis of asphalt pavement cracks at the grass-roots level to the pavement after stretching process, by comparing the pavement crack tip stress intensity factor of original pavement structure and set up the ATPB layer, respectively, to study the effect of asphalt stabilized permeable base on inhibition of reflection cracking.

  20. HOURLY STABILITY ANALYSIS AS THE KEY PARAMETER OF LEAN MANUFACTURING AND LOGISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Besta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Lean manufacturing belongs to the basic philosophies originating in automotive industry. It was originally based on a number of elementary principles and methods. Companies from other industrial areas have also been gradually trying to apply these principles. This leads to the incorporation of other tools from various areas into this concept. The fundamental techniques of lean manufacturing include the hourly stability (output analysis. This method can be applied in a wide variety of manufacturing fields. The aim is a stable working worker, not a worker working rapidly and with large fluctuations. Speed and sudden changes mean inaccuracy, poor quality and problems to the manufacturing companies. The research has also carried out the hourly stability analysis in a company manufacturing components for a variety of global car manufacturers. The objective of this article is to evaluate the research of hourly stability for the selected workplaces.

  1. Jacobi Stability Analysis of Scalar Field Models with Minimal Coupling to Gravity in a Cosmological Background

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Dănilă

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the stability of the cosmological scalar field models by using the Jacobi stability analysis, or the Kosambi-Cartan-Chern (KCC theory. In this approach, we describe the time evolution of the scalar field cosmologies in geometric terms, by performing a “second geometrization” and considering them as paths of a semispray. By introducing a nonlinear connection and a Berwald-type connection associated with the Friedmann and Klein-Gordon equations, five geometrical invariants can be constructed, with the second invariant giving the Jacobi stability of the cosmological model. We obtain all the relevant geometric quantities, and we formulate the condition for Jacobi stability in scalar field cosmologies. We consider the Jacobi stability properties of the scalar fields with exponential and Higgs type potential. The Universe dominated by a scalar field exponential potential is in Jacobi unstable state, while the cosmological evolution in the presence of Higgs fields has alternating stable and unstable phases. We also investigate the stability of the phantom quintessence and tachyonic scalar field models, by lifting the first-order system to the tangent bundle. It turns out that in the presence of a power law potential both of these models are Jacobi unstable during the entire cosmological evolution.

  2. Instrumented capsule development and utilization - Structural analysis and design optimization of capsule structures with impact stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Shin; Choi, Myung Hwan; Kim, Young Wan; Oh, Jae Moon; Kim, Dong Jin; Song, Sun Young [Chungnam National University, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-07-01

    In this study, the structural analysis of instrumented capsule and capsule supporting structures in HANARO in-core are performed. The structural= integrity of capsule structures are evaluated by the seismic analysis, thermal stresses and buckling stability analysis. The structural integrity of the capsule structure under impact loads are assessed and the mechanical characteristics of these structures through the stress analysis of joint bolts at the lower and of capsule mainbody and the strength analysis of the wire spring are analyzed. The design optimization of capsule structures are presented with considering mechanical characteristics. 20 refs., 12 tabs., 50 figs. (author)

  3. Return to Play Following Shoulder Stabilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ialenti, Marc N.; Mulvihill, Jeffrey D.; Feinstein, Max; Zhang, Alan L.; Feeley, Brian T.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Anterior shoulder instability can be a disabling condition for the young athlete; however, the best surgical treatment remains controversial. Traditionally, anterior shoulder instability was treated with open stabilization. More recently, arthroscopic repair of the Bankart injury with suture anchor fixation has become an accepted technique. Hypothesis: No systematic reviews have compared the rate of return to play following arthroscopic Bankart repair with suture anchor fixation with the Bristow-Latarjet procedure and open stabilization. We hypothesized that the rate of return to play will be similar regardless of surgical technique. Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis focused on return to play following shoulder stabilization. Inclusion criteria included studies in English that reported on rate of return to play and clinical outcomes following primary arthroscopic Bankart repair with suture anchors, the Latarjet procedure, or open stabilization. Statistical analyses included Student t tests and analyses of variance. Results: Sixteen papers reporting on 1036 patients were included. A total of 545 patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair with suture anchors, 353 with the Latarjet procedure, and 138 with open repair. No significant difference was found in patient demographic data among the studies. Patients returned to sport at the same level of play (preinjury level) more consistently following arthroscopic Bankart repair (71%) or the Latarjet procedure (73%) than open stabilization (66%) (P Latarjet procedure (3.5%) than after arthroscopic Bankart repair (6.6%) or open stabilization (6.7%) (P Latarjet procedure than open stabilization. Despite this difference, >65% of all treated athletes returned to sport at their preinjury levels, with other outcome measures being similar among the treatment groups. Therefore, arthroscopic Bankart repair, the Latarjet procedure, and

  4. Cessna Citation X Business Aircraft Eigenvalue Stability – Part2: Flight Envelope Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamina BOUGHARI

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Civil aircraft flight control clearance is a time consuming, thus an expensive process in the aerospace industry. This process has to be investigated and proved to be safe for thousands of combinations in terms of speeds, altitudes, gross weights, Xcg / weight configurations and angles of attack. Even in this case, a worst-case condition that could lead to a critical situation might be missed. To address this problem, models that are able to describe an aircraft’s dynamics by taking into account all uncertainties over a region within a flight envelope have been developed using Linear Fractional Representation. In order to investigate the Cessna Citation X aircraft Eigenvalue Stability envelope, the Linear Fractional Representation models are implemented using the speeds and the altitudes as varying parameters. In this paper Part 2, the aircraft longitudinal eigenvalue stability is analyzed in a continuous range of flight envelope with varying parameter of True airspeed and altitude, instead of a single point, like classical methods. This is known as the aeroelastic stability envelope, required for civil aircraft certification as given by the Circular Advisory “Aeroelastic Stability Substantiation of Transport Category Airplanes AC No: 25.629-18”. In this new methodology the analysis is performed in time domain based on Lyapunov stability and solved by convex optimization algorithms by using the linear matrix inequalities to evaluate the eigenvalue stability, which is reduced to search for the negative eigenvalues in a region of flight envelope. It can also be used to study the stability of a system during an arbitrary motion from one point to another in the flight envelope. A whole aircraft analysis results’ for its entire envelope are presented in the form of graphs, thus offering good readability, and making them easily exploitable.

  5. Robust Stability Analysis of the Space Launch System Control Design: A Singular Value Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Jing; Newsome, Jerry R.

    2015-01-01

    Classical stability analysis consists of breaking the feedback loops one at a time and determining separately how much gain or phase variations would destabilize the stable nominal feedback system. For typical launch vehicle control design, classical control techniques are generally employed. In addition to stability margins, frequency domain Monte Carlo methods are used to evaluate the robustness of the design. However, such techniques were developed for Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) systems and do not take into consideration the off-diagonal terms in the transfer function matrix of Multi-Input-Multi-Output (MIMO) systems. Robust stability analysis techniques such as H(sub infinity) and mu are applicable to MIMO systems but have not been adopted as standard practices within the launch vehicle controls community. This paper took advantage of a simple singular-value-based MIMO stability margin evaluation method based on work done by Mukhopadhyay and Newsom and applied it to the SLS high-fidelity dynamics model. The method computes a simultaneous multi-loop gain and phase margin that could be related back to classical margins. The results presented in this paper suggest that for the SLS system, traditional SISO stability margins are similar to the MIMO margins. This additional level of verification provides confidence in the robustness of the control design.

  6. Dynamical Behavior and Stability Analysis in a Hybrid Epidemiological-Economic Model with Incubation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A hybrid SIR vector disease model with incubation is established, where susceptible host population satisfies the logistic equation and the recovered host individuals are commercially harvested. It is utilized to discuss the transmission mechanism of infectious disease and dynamical effect of commercial harvest on population dynamics. Positivity and permanence of solutions are analytically investigated. By choosing economic interest of commercial harvesting as a parameter, dynamical behavior and local stability of model system without time delay are studied. It reveals that there is a phenomenon of singularity induced bifurcation as well as local stability switch around interior equilibrium when economic interest increases through zero. State feedback controllers are designed to stabilize model system around the desired interior equilibria in the case of zero economic interest and positive economic interest, respectively. By analyzing corresponding characteristic equation of model system with time delay, local stability analysis around interior equilibrium is discussed due to variation of time delay. Hopf bifurcation occurs at the critical value of time delay and corresponding limit cycle is also observed. Furthermore, directions of Hopf bifurcation and stability of the bifurcating periodic solutions are studied. Numerical simulations are carried out to show consistency with theoretical analysis.

  7. Determination of Myoglobin Stability by Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy: Classic and Modern Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehl, Andrew F.; Crawford, Mary A.; Zhang, Lei

    2009-01-01

    Few laboratory procedures describe the use of circular dichroism (CD) at the undergraduate level. To increase the number of laboratory exercises using CD, a thermal denaturation study of myoglobin using CD is described to assess protein stability. Values obtained from a more classic linear data analysis approach are consistent with data analyzed…

  8. Stability Analysis of Digital Controlled Single-Phase Inverter with Synchronous Reference Frame Voltage Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Han, Yang; Fang, Xu; Yang, Ping

    2017-01-01

    Stability analysis of single-phase power converters controlled in stationary reference frame is now mature and well developed, by using either linear or nonlinear methods. However, for the single-phase converters with synchronous reference frame (SRF) control loops, little work has been done...

  9. Stability Analysis of Digital Controlled SinglePhase Inverter with Synchronous Reference Frame Voltage Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Han, Yang; Fang, Xy; Yang, Ping

    2018-01-01

    Stability analysis of single-phase power converters controlled in stationary reference frame is now mature and well developed, by using either linear or nonlinear methods. However, for the single-phase converters with synchronous reference frame (SRF) control loops, little work has been done...

  10. Analysis of stabilization quality false alarm probability by a radar adaptive detector in order statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Andreev, F. M.; Taranchenko, I. V.

    2007-01-01

    New expressions are derived for estimating the false alarm probability by adaptive threshold detectors, using the method of averaging and method of order statistics, in the presence of nonstationary interference. Potentialities of these devices, from the viewpoint of their stabilization of false alarm probability in the presence of nonstationary interference, are defined, and comparative analysis of the devices is performed.

  11. Analysis of effects of differential gain on dynamic stability of digital force control

    OpenAIRE

    Kovács, Laszlo; Kövecses, Jozsef; Stépán, Gábor

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of effects of differential gain on dynamic stability of digital force control correspondance: Corresponding author. Tel: +36 1 463 3678; Fax: +36 1 463 3471 (Kovacs, L.L.) (Kovacs, L.L.) (Kovecses, J.) (Stepan, G.) Department of Applied Mechanics--> , Budapest University of Technology and Economics--> , H-1521 Budapest--> - HUNGARY (Kovacs, ...

  12. Stability of peer victimization: A meta-analysis of longitudinal research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pouwels, J.L.; Souren, P.M.; Lansu, T.A.M.; Cillessen, A.H.N.

    2016-01-01

    A meta-analysis was conducted of 77 longitudinal studies that contained at least one over-time correlation (range 1 to 36) between scores for peer victimization measured at different time points. The overall stability of self-reported peer victimization was determined at centered values (age 10,

  13. Statistical analysis for long-term stability studies with multiple storage conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Heuvel, Edwin R.; Almalik, Osama; Nijhuis, Michiel B.; Warner, Edward I.

    To determine the shelf life of new medicinal products, long-term stability studies are conducted of at least three registration batches at multiple storage conditions. It is common practice to perform a statistical analysis on the resulting data separately for each storage condition. Although this

  14. A novel microfluidic system for the rapid analysis of protein thermal stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xin; Liu, Jia; Xie, Ye Lei; Wang, Yang; Ying, Hong; Wu, Qiong; Huang, Wei; Jenkins, Gareth

    2014-06-07

    We describe a simple microfluidic device for the rapid analysis of protein thermal stability using a novel imaging method. The change in UV absorption upon thermal denaturation or aggregation of proteins is used to get a spatial image of proteins' folding or aggregation state along a linear temperature gradient.

  15. IQC-based robust stability analysis for LPV control of doubly-fed induction generators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tien, H. N.; Scherer, C. W.; Scherpen, J. M. A.

    2008-01-01

    Parameters of electrical machines are usually varying with time in a smooth way due to changing operating conditions, such as variations in the machine temperature and/or the magnetic saturation. This paper is concerned with robust stability analysis of controlled Doubly-Fed Induction Generators

  16. FLUT - A program for aeroelastic stability analysis. [of aircraft structures in subsonic flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, E. H.

    1977-01-01

    A computer program (FLUT) that can be used to evaluate the aeroelastic stability of aircraft structures in subsonic flow is described. The algorithm synthesizes data from a structural vibration analysis with an unsteady aerodynamics analysis and then performs a complex eigenvalue analysis to assess the system stability. The theoretical basis of the program is discussed with special emphasis placed on some innovative techniques which improve the efficiency of the analysis. User information needed to efficiently and successfully utilize the program is provided. In addition to identifying the required input, the flow of the program execution and some possible sources of difficulty are included. The use of the program is demonstrated with a listing of the input and output for a simple example.

  17. Pattern formation in directional solidification under shear flow. I: Linear stability analysis and basic patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Marietti, Yannick; Debierre, Jean-Marc; Bock, Thomas-Michael; Kassner, Klaus

    2001-01-01

    An asymptotic interface equation for directional solidification near the absolute stabiliy limit is extended by a nonlocal term describing a shear flow parallel to the interface. In the long-wave limit considered, the flow acts destabilizing on a planar interface. Moreover, linear stability analysis suggests that the morphology diagram is modified by the flow near the onset of the Mullins-Sekerka instability. Via numerical analysis, the bifurcation structure of the system is shown to change. ...

  18. Chaotic convective behavior and stability analysis of a fractional viscoelastic fluids model in porous media

    KAUST Repository

    N'Doye, Ibrahima

    2015-05-25

    In this paper, a dynamical fractional viscoelastic fluids convection model in porous media is proposed and its chaotic behavior is studied. A preformed equilibrium points analysis indicates the conditions where chaotic dynamics can be observed, and show the existence of chaos. The behavior and stability analysis of the integer-order and the fractional commensurate and non-commensurate orders of a fractional viscoelastic fluids system, which exhibits chaos, are presented as well.

  19. Stability Analysis of High-Speed Boundary-Layer Flow with Gas Injection (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    boundary-layer flow with gas injection 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Alexander V. Fedorov ...Release; Distribution Unlimited Stability analysis of high-speed boundary-layer flow with gas injection Alexander Fedorov and Vitaly Soudakov Moscow...Dispersion relation from WKB analysis*,**: *Guschin, V.R., & Fedorov , A.V., Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 24, No.1, 1989 **Guschin, V.R., & Fedorov , A.V., NASA

  20. Stability Analysis of a Microgrid System based on Inverter-Interfaced Distributed Generators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CUSIDO, J.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a phase-plane trajectory analysis and the appliance of Lyapunov's methodology to evaluate the stability limits of a small signal model of a Microgrid system. The work done is based on a non-linear tool and several computer simulations. The study indicates how to analyze a Microgrid system that is subjected to a severe transient disturbance by using its large signal model without the necessity of the small signal analysis as it is commonly applied.

  1. Existence of solutions for p-Laplacian-like differential equation with multi-point nonlinear Neumann boundary conditions at resonance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Xuan Truong

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This work concerns the multi-point nonlinear Neumann boundary-value problem involving a p-Laplacian-like operator $$\\displaylines{ (\\phi( u'' = f(t, u, u',\\quad t\\in (0,1, \\cr u'(0 = u'(\\eta, \\quad \\phi(u'(1 = \\sum_{i=1}^m{\\alpha_i \\phi(u'(\\xi_i}, }$$ where $\\phi:\\mathbb{R} \\to \\mathbb{R}$ is an odd increasing homeomorphism with $\\phi(\\pm \\infty = \\pm \\infty$ such that $$ 00. $$ By using an extension of Mawhin's continuation theorem, we establish sufficient conditions for the existence of at least one solution.

  2. Relationship between Neumann solutions for two-phase Lamé-Clapeyron-Stefan problems with convective and temperature boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarzia Domingo Alberto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We obtain for the two-phase Lamé-Clapeyron-Stefan problem for a semi-infinite material an equivalence between the temperature and convective boundary conditions at the fixed face in the case that an inequality for the convective transfer coefficient is satisfied. Moreover, an inequality for the coefficient which characterizes the solid-liquid interface of the classical Neumann solution is also obtained. This inequality must be satisfied for data of any phase-change material, and as a consequence the result given in Tarzia, Quart. Appl. Math., 39 (1981, 491-497 is also recovered when a heat flux condition was imposed at the fixed face.

  3. On the thermal stability of a radiating plasma subject to nonlocal thermal conduction. I - Linear analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chun, E.; Rosner, R.

    1993-01-01

    We study the linear stability of an optically thin uniform radiating plasma subject to nonlocal heat transport. We derive the dispersion relation appropriate to this problem, and the marginal wavenumbers for instability. Our analysis indicates that nonlocal heat transport acts to reduce the stabilizing influence of thermal conduction, and that there are critical values for the electron mean free path such that the plasma is always unstable. Our results may be applied to a number of astrophysical plasmas, one such example being the halos of clusters of galaxies.

  4. Assessment of the Prony's method for BWR stability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortiz-Villafuerte, Javier, E-mail: javier.ortiz@inin.gob.m [Gerencia de Ciencias Aplicadas, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. Mexico-Toluca S/N, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Edo. Mexico 52750 (Mexico); Castillo-Duran, Rogelio, E-mail: rogelio.castillo@inin.gob.m [Gerencia de Ciencias Aplicadas, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. Mexico-Toluca S/N, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Edo. Mexico 52750 (Mexico); Palacios-Hernandez, Javier C., E-mail: javier.palacios@inin.gob.m [Gerencia de Ciencias Aplicadas, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. Mexico-Toluca S/N, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Edo. Mexico 52750 (Mexico)

    2011-05-15

    Highlights: This paper describes a method to determine the degree of stability of a BWR. Performance comparison between Prony's and common AR techniques is presented. Benchmark data and actual BWR transient data are used for comparison. DR and f results are presented and discussed. The Prony's method is shown to be a robust technique for BWR stability. - Abstract: It is known that Boiling Water Reactors are susceptible to present power oscillations in regions of high power and low coolant flow, in the power-flow operational map. It is possible to fall in one of such instability regions during reactor startup, since both power and coolant flow are being increased but not proportionally. One other possibility for falling into those areas is the occurrence of a trip of recirculation pumps. Stability monitoring in such cases can be difficult, because the amount or quality of power signal data required for calculation of the stability key parameters may not be enough to provide reliable results in an adequate time range. In this work, the Prony's Method is presented as one complementary alternative to determine the degree of stability of a BWR, through time series data. This analysis method can provide information about decay ratio and oscillation frequency from power signals obtained during transient events. However, so far not many applications in Boiling Water Reactors operation have been reported and supported to establish the scope of using such analysis for actual transient events. This work presents first a comparison of decay ratio and frequency oscillation results obtained by Prony's method and those results obtained by the participants of the Forsmark 1 and 2 Boiling Water Reactor Stability Benchmark using diverse techniques. Then, a comparison of decay ratio and frequency oscillation results is performed for four real BWR transient event data, using Prony's method and two other techniques based on an autoregressive modeling. The four

  5. Comparative Evaluation of Modeling Methods for Harmonic Stability Analysis of Three-Phase Voltage Source Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kwon, Jun Bum; Wang, Xiongfei; Bak, Claus Leth

    2015-01-01

    As the increasing of power electronics based systems, not only the component-based analysis but also a systematic interaction analysis with each other systems are being important. Especially studies about the stability and the harmonics interaction are critical in order to establish the required ...... for the AC-DC converters with a low ratio of switching to the fundamental frequency, and it provides an effective way to reveal the harmonic interaction and stability analysis for the future power electronics based power systems.......As the increasing of power electronics based systems, not only the component-based analysis but also a systematic interaction analysis with each other systems are being important. Especially studies about the stability and the harmonics interaction are critical in order to establish the required...... performance in a power network. However, the traditional small-signal modeling approaches are not enough to represent the complexity of the interaction due to the time varying components of such systems. This paper compares the small-signal modeling methods for harmonic analysis of AC - DC converters...

  6. Stability Analysis of the EBR-I Mark-II Core Meltdown Accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Jae-Yong; Kang, Chang Mu [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the stability of the EBR-I core meltdown accident using the NuSTAB code. The result of NuSTAB analysis is compared with previous stability analysis by Sandmeier using the root locus method. The Experimental Breeder Reactor I (EBR-1) at Argonne National Laboratory was designed to demonstrate fast reactor breeding and to prove the use of liquid-metal coolant for power production and reached criticality in August 1951. The EBR-I reactor was undergoing a series of physics experiments and the Mark-II core was melted accidentally on Nov. 29, 1955. The experiment was going to increase core temperature to 500C to see if the reactor loses reactivity, and scram when the power reached 1500 kW or doubling of fission rate per second. However the operator scrammed with a slow moving control and missed the shutdown by two seconds and caused the core meltdown. The NuSTAB code has an advantage of analyzing space-dependent fast reactors and predicting regional oscillations compared to the point kinetics. Also, NuSTAB can be useful when the coupled neutronic-thermal-hydraulic codes cannot be used for stability analysis. Future work includes analyses of the PGSFR for various operating conditions as well as further validation of the NuSTAB calculations against SFR stability experiments when such experiments become available.

  7. Steady-state and transient analysis of a squeeze film damper bearing for rotor stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, L. E.; Gunter, E. J.

    1975-01-01

    A study of the steady-state and transient response of the squeeze film damper bearing is presented. Both the steady-state and transient equations for the hydrodynamic bearing forces are derived. The bearing equivalent stiffness and damping coefficients are determined by steady-state equations. These coefficients are used to find the bearing configuration which will provide the optimum support characteristics based on a stability analysis of the rotor-bearing system. The transient analysis of rotor-bearing systems is performed by coupling the bearing and journal equations and integrating forward in time. The effects of unbalance, cavitation, and retainer springs are included in the analysis. Methods of determining the stability of a rotor-bearing system under the influence of aerodynamic forces and internal shaft friction are discussed with emphasis on solving the system characteristic frequency equation and on producing stability maps. It is shown that for optimum stability and low force transmissability the squeeze bearing should operate at an eccentricity ratio epsilon 0.4.

  8. FAST TCP over optical burst switched networks: Modeling and stability analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Shihada, Basem

    2013-04-01

    FAST TCP is important for promoting data-intensive applications since it can cleverly react to both packet loss and delay for detecting network congestion. This paper provides a continuous time model and extensive stability analysis of FAST TCP congestion-control mechanism in bufferless Optical Burst Switched Networks (OBS). The paper first shows that random burst contentions are essential to stabilize the network, but cause throughput degradation in FAST TCP flows when a burst with all the packets from a single round is dropped. Second, it shows that FAST TCP is vulnerable to burst delay and fails to detect network congestion due to the little variation of round-trip time, thus unstable. Finally it shows that introducing extra delays by implementing burst retransmission stabilizes FAST TCP over OBS. The paper proves that FAST TCP is not stable over barebone OBS. However, it is locally, exponentially, and asymptotically stable over OBS with burst retransmission.

  9. Finite Element Formulation for Stability and Free Vibration Analysis of Timoshenko Beam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Moallemi-Oreh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A two-node element is suggested for analyzing the stability and free vibration of Timoshenko beam. Cubic displacement polynomial and quadratic rotational fields are selected for this element. Moreover, it is assumed that shear strain of the element has the constant value. Interpolation functions for displacement field and beam rotation are exactly calculated by employing total beam energy and its stationing to shear strain. By exploiting these interpolation functions, beam elements' stiffness matrix is also examined. Furthermore, geometric stiffness matrix and mass matrix of the proposed element are calculated by writing governing equation on stability and beam free vibration. At last, accuracy and efficiency of proposed element are evaluated through numerical tests. These tests show high accuracy of the element in analyzing beam stability and finding its critical load and free vibration analysis.

  10. Analysis and estimation of transient stability for a grid-connected wind turbine with induction generator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, H.; Zhao, B.; Yang, C.

    2011-01-01

    Increasing levels of wind energy in modern electrical power system is initiating a need for accurate analysis and estimation of transient stability of wind turbine generation systems. This paper investigates the transient behaviors and possible direct methods for transient stability evaluation...... of a grid-connected wind turbine with squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG). Firstly, by using an equivalent lump mass method, a three-mass wind turbine equivalent model is proposed considering both the blades and the shaft flexibility of the wind turbine drive train system. Combined with the detailed...... electromagnetic transient models of a SCIG, the transient behaviors of the wind turbine generation system during a three-phase fault are simulated and compared with the traditional models. Secondly, in order to quickly estimate the transient stability limit of the wind turbine generation system, a direct method...

  11. Stability Analysis of Bipedal Robots Using the Concept of Lyapunov Exponents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yunping

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The dynamics and stability of passive bipedal robot have an important impact on the mass distribution, leg length, and the angle of inclination. Lyapunov’s second method is difficult to be used in highly nonlinear multibody systems, due to the lack of constructive methods for deriving Lyapunov fuction. The dynamics equation is established by Kane method, the relationship between the mass, length of leg, angle of inclination, and stability of passive bipedal robot by the largest Lyapunov exponent. And the Lyapunov exponents of continuous dynamical systems are estimated by numerical methods, which are simple and easy to be applied to the system stability simulation analysis, provide the design basis for passive bipedal robot prototype, and improve design efficiency.

  12. Stability Analysis of Numerical Methods for a 1.5-Layer Shallow-Water Ocean Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-an Zou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 1.5-layer reduced-gravity shallow-water ocean model in spherical coordinates is described and discretized in a staggered grid (standard Arakawa C-grid with the forward-time central-space (FTCS method and the Leap-frog finite difference scheme. The discrete Fourier analysis method combined with the Gershgorin circle theorem is used to study the stability of these two finite difference numerical models. A series of necessary conditions of selection criteria for the time-space step sizes and model parameters are obtained. It is showed that these stability conditions are more accurate than the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL condition and other two criterions (Blumberg and Mellor, 1987; Casulli, 1990, 1992. Numerical experiments are proposed to test our stability results, and numerical model that is designed is also used to simulate the ocean current.

  13. Real-Time Stability Margin Measurements for X-38 Robustness Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosworth, John T.; Stachowiak, Susan J.

    2005-01-01

    A method has been developed for real-time stability margin measurement calculations. The method relies on a tailored-forced excitation targeted to a specific frequency range. Computation of the frequency response is matched to the specific frequencies contained in the excitation. A recursive Fourier transformation is used to make the method compatible with real-time calculation. The method was incorporated into the X-38 nonlinear simulation and applied to an X-38 robustness test. X-38 stability margins were calculated for different variations in aerodynamic and mass properties over the vehicle flight trajectory. The new method showed results comparable to more traditional stability analysis techniques, and at the same time, this new method provided coverage that is more complete and increased efficiency.

  14. Convergent Properties of Riccati Equation with Application to Stability Analysis of State Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Cai

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the recursive nature of Kalman filtering always results in a growing size of the optimization problem, state estimation is usually realized by use of finite-memory, receding horizon, sliding window, or “frozen” techniques, which causes difficulties on stability analysis. This paper proposes a novel method on selection of an initial covariance matrix and a horizon for the Kalman filter to make sure that a sequence of the closed-loop Kalman filters are stable as time-invariant filters at subsequent time instant. Convergent properties of Riccati Difference Equation (RDE are first exploited. Based on these properties, sufficient conditions for stability of a sequence of Kalman filters are obtained. Compared with the existent literature, the convergent properties and the stability conditions are less conservative since they provide analytic results and are applicable to more common cases where the RDEs are not monotonic.

  15. Assessment of pipeline stability in the Gulf of Mexico during hurricanes using dynamic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinghui Tian

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pipelines are the critical link between major offshore oil and gas developments and the mainland. Any inadequate on-bottom stability design could result in disruption and failure, having a devastating impact on the economy and environment. Predicting the stability behavior of offshore pipelines in hurricanes is therefore vital to the assessment of both new design and existing assets. The Gulf of Mexico has a very dense network of pipeline systems constructed on the seabed. During the last two decades, the Gulf of Mexico has experienced a series of strong hurricanes, which have destroyed, disrupted and destabilized many pipelines. This paper first reviews some of these engineering cases. Following that, three case studies are retrospectively simulated using an in-house developed program. The study utilizes the offshore pipeline and hurricane details to conduct a Dynamic Lateral Stability analysis, with the results providing evidence as to the accuracy of the modeling techniques developed.

  16. Analysis and Stabilization of Chaos in Permanent Magnet DC Motor Driver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahir, Fadhil Rahma; Abdul-Hassan, Khalid M.; Abdullah, Mohammed Abbas; Pham, Viet-Thanh; Hoang, Thang Manh; Wang, Xiong

    In this paper, the nonlinear dynamics of permanent magnet (PM) DC motor drive with proportional (P) controller have been investigated. The drive system shows different dynamical behaviors; periodic, quasi-periodic, and chaotic behaviors, and those are characterized by using bifurcation diagram, phase portrait, and time series. The stability analysis of period-1 behavior is studied by using Filippov’s method, the analytic results show good agreement with simulation ones. Then, the stabilization of chaos to fixed point is carried out by using the sliding mode control (SMC). In addition, experimentally the nonlinear dynamics and the proposed stabilization method to PM DC motor drive system have been achieved by using a microcontroller. For the first time, it is noted that when the system is in chaotic dynamics, the vibration of the motor is increased approximately 400% compared with the system in periodic dynamical behavior.

  17. Analysis of IgG kinetic stability by differential scanning calorimetry, probe fluorescence and light scattering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemergut, Michal; Žoldák, Gabriel; Schaefer, Jonas V; Kast, Florian; Miškovský, Pavol; Plückthun, Andreas; Sedlák, Erik

    2017-11-01

    Monoclonal antibodies of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) type have become mainstream therapeutics for the treatment of many life-threatening diseases. For their successful application in the clinic and a favorable cost-benefit ratio, the design and formulation of these therapeutic molecules must guarantee long-term stability for an extended period of time. Accelerated stability studies, e.g., by employing thermal denaturation, have the great potential for enabling high-throughput screening campaigns to find optimal molecular variants and formulations in a short time. Surprisingly, no validated quantitative analysis of these accelerated studies has been performed yet, which clearly limits their application for predicting IgG stability. Therefore, we have established a quantitative approach for the assessment of the kinetic stability over a broad range of temperatures. To this end, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments were performed with a model IgG, testing chaotropic formulations and an extended temperature range, and they were subsequently analyzed by our recently developed three-step sequential model of IgG denaturation, consisting of one reversible and two irreversible steps. A critical comparison of the predictions from this model with data obtained by an orthogonal fluorescence probe method, based on 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonate binding to partially unfolded states, resulted in very good agreement. In summary, our study highlights the validity of this easy-to-perform analysis for reliably assessing the kinetic stability of IgGs, which can support accelerated formulation development of monoclonal antibodies by ranking different formulations as well as by improving colloidal stability models. © 2017 The Protein Society.

  18. Core-annular miscible two-fluid flow in a slippery pipe: A stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Geetanjali; Usha, Ranganathan; Sahu, Kirti Chandra

    2017-09-01

    This study is motivated by the preliminary direct numerical simulations in double-diffusive (DD) core-annular flows with slip at the wall which displayed elliptical shaped instability patterns as in a rigid pipe case; however, slip at the pipe wall delays the onset of instability for a range of parameters and increases the phase speed. This increased our curiosity to have a thorough understanding of the linear stability characteristics of the miscible DD two-fluid flow in a pipe with slip at the pipe wall. The present study, therefore, addresses the linear stability of viscosity-stratified core-annular Poiseuille flow of miscible fluids with matched density in a slippery pipe in the presence of two scalars diffusing at different rates. The physical mechanisms responsible for the occurrence of instabilities in the DD system are explained through an energy budget analysis. The differences and similarities between core-annular flow in a slippery pipe and in a plane channel with velocity slip at the walls are explored. The stability characteristics are significantly affected by the presence of slip. The diffusivity effect is non-monotonic in a DD system. A striking feature of instability is that only a band of wavenumbers is destabilized in the presence of moderate to large inertial effects. Both the longwave and shortwave are stabilized at small Reynolds numbers. Slip exhibits a dual role of stabilizing or destabilizing the flow. The preliminary direct numerical simulations confirm the predictions of the linear stability analysis. The present study reveals that it may be possible to control the instabilities in core-annular pressure driven pipe flows by imposing a velocity slip at the walls.

  19. Clinical study on the primary stability of two dental implant systems with resonance frequency analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabel, Annette; Köhler, Steffen Gerhard; Schmidt-Westhausen, Andrea Maria

    2007-09-01

    Primary stability has a major impact on the long-term success of dental implants. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of resonance frequency analysis (RFA) and insertion torque of self-tapping and non-self-tapping implants and their respective differences in primary stability. A group of 263 patients were treated with a total of 602 conically formed dental implants: 408 non-self-tapping Ankylos and 194 self-tapping Camlog. The maximum insertion torque during implant placement was recorded. Resonance frequency, measured as the implant stability quotient (ISQ), was assessed once immediately after insertion and twice 3 months later. Torque values of the non-self-tapping implants were significantly higher than those in the self-tapping group (p = 0.023). RFA did not show differences between the 2 groups (p = 0.956), but a correlation between ISQ values after implantation and 3 months after implant placement was measured (r = 0.712). Within the implant systems, no correlation between insertion torque and resonance frequency values could be determined (r = 0.305). Our study indicates that the ISQ values obtained from different implant systems are not comparable. The RFA does not appear suitable for the evaluation of implant stability when used as a single method. Higher insertion torque of the non-self-tapping implants appeared to confirm higher clinical primary stability.

  20. Geomechanical Characterization and Stability Analysis of the Bedrock Underlying the Costa Concordia Cruise Ship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotta, Giulia; Gigli, Giovanni; Ferrigno, Federica; Gabbani, Giuliano; Nocentini, Massimiliano; Lombardi, Luca; Agostini, Andrea; Nolesini, Teresa; Casagli, Nicola

    2017-09-01

    The shipwreck of the Costa Concordia cruise ship, which ran aground on 13 January 2012 on the northwestern coast of Giglio Island (Italy), required continuous monitoring of the position and movement of the vessel to guarantee the security of workers and rescuers operating around and within the wreck and to support shipwreck removal operations. Furthermore, understanding the geomechanical properties and stability behaviour of the coastal rock mass and rocky seabed underlying the ship was of similar importance. To assess the stability conditions of the ship, a ground-based monitoring system was installed in front of the wreck. The network included a terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) device, which was used to perform remote semiautomatic geomechanical characterization of the observed rock mass. Using TLS survey techniques, three main discontinuity sets were identified in the granitic rock mass of Giglio Island. Furthermore, a multibeam bathymetric survey was used to qualitatively characterize the seabed. To integrate the processed TLS data and quantitatively describe the rock mass quality, a subsequent field survey was carried out to provide a rock mass geomechanical evaluation (from very good to moderate quality). Based on the acquired information, kinematic and stability analyses were performed to create a spatial prediction of rock failure mechanisms in the study area. The obtained kinematic hazard index values were generally low; only the plane failure index reached slightly higher values. The general stability of the rock mass was confirmed by the stability analysis, which yielded a high safety factor value (approximately 12).

  1. Game Theoretical Analysis on Cooperation Stability and Incentive Effectiveness in Community Networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaida Song

    Full Text Available Community networks, the distinguishing feature of which is membership admittance, appear on P2P networks, social networks, and conventional Web networks. Joining the network costs money, time or network bandwidth, but the individuals get access to special resources owned by the community in return. The prosperity and stability of the community are determined by both the policy of admittance and the attraction of the privileges gained by joining. However, some misbehaving users can get the dedicated resources with some illicit and low-cost approaches, which introduce instability into the community, a phenomenon that will destroy the membership policy. In this paper, we analyze on the stability using game theory on such a phenomenon. We propose a game-theoretical model of stability analysis in community networks and provide conditions for a stable community. We then extend the model to analyze the effectiveness of different incentive policies, which could be used when the community cannot maintain its members in certain situations. Then we verify those models through a simulation. Finally, we discuss several ways to promote community network's stability by adjusting the network's properties and give some proposal on the designs of these types of networks from the points of game theory and stability.

  2. MHD stability analysis and global mode identification preparing for high beta operation in KSTAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Y. S.; Sabbagh, S. A.; Berkery, J. W.; Jiang, Y.; Ahn, J. H.; Han, H. S.; Bak, J. G.; Park, B. H.; Jeon, Y. M.; Kim, J.; Hahn, S. H.; Lee, J. H.; Ko, J. S.; in, Y. K.; Yoon, S. W.; Oh, Y. K.; Wang, Z.; Glasser, A. H.

    2017-10-01

    H-mode plasma operation in KSTAR has surpassed the computed n = 1 ideal no-wall stability limit in discharges exceeding several seconds in duration. The achieved high normalized beta plasmas are presently limited by resistive tearing instabilities rather than global kink/ballooning or RWMs. The ideal and resistive stability of these plasmas is examined by using different physics models. The observed m/ n = 2/1 tearing stability is computed by using the M3D-C1 code, and by the resistive DCON code. The global MHD stability modified by kinetic effects is examined using the MISK code. Results from the analysis explain the stabilization of the plasma above the ideal MHD no-wall limit. Equilibrium reconstructions used include the measured kinetic profiles and MSE data. In preparation for plasma operation at higher beta utilizing the planned second NBI system, three sets of 3D magnetic field sensors have been installed and will be used for RWM active feedback control. To accurately determine the dominant n-component produced by low frequency unstable RWMs, an algorithm has been developed that includes magnetic sensor compensation of the prompt applied field and the field from the induced current on the passive conductors. Supported by US DOE Contracts DE-FG02-99ER54524 and DE-SC0016614.

  3. Design of Launch Vehicle Flight Control Systems Using Ascent Vehicle Stability Analysis Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jiann-Woei; Alaniz, Abran; Hall, Robert; Bedossian, Nazareth; Hall, Charles; Jackson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    A launch vehicle represents a complicated flex-body structural environment for flight control system design. The Ascent-vehicle Stability Analysis Tool (ASAT) is developed to address the complicity in design and analysis of a launch vehicle. The design objective for the flight control system of a launch vehicle is to best follow guidance commands while robustly maintaining system stability. A constrained optimization approach takes the advantage of modern computational control techniques to simultaneously design multiple control systems in compliance with required design specs. "Tower Clearance" and "Load Relief" designs have been achieved for liftoff and max dynamic pressure flight regions, respectively, in the presence of large wind disturbances. The robustness of the flight control system designs has been verified in the frequency domain Monte Carlo analysis using ASAT.

  4. Stability Analysis of Recurrent Neural Networks with Random Delay and Markovian Switching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enwen Zhu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the exponential stability analysis problem is considered for a class of recurrent neural networks (RNNs with random delay and Markovian switching. The evolution of the delay is modeled by a continuous-time homogeneous Markov process with a finite number of states. The main purpose of this paper is to establish easily verifiable conditions under which the random delayed recurrent neural network with Markovian switching is exponentially stable. The analysis is based on the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and stochastic analysis approach, and the conditions are expressed in terms of linear matrix inequalities, which can be readily checked by using some standard numerical packages such as the Matlab LMI Toolbox. A numerical example is exploited to show the usefulness of the derived LMI-based stability conditions.

  5. Hydrodynamic Stability Analysis of the Externally Excited Axisymmetric Mode in Reacting, Swirling Jets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emerson, Benjamin; Lieuwen, Tim

    2017-11-01

    This study investigates the forced response characteristics of axisymmetric structures in density-stratified swirling jets. The reacting, swirling jet is an important canonical flow field for modern combustion systems. This work is motivated by the combustion instability problem for such systems, where acoustically excited vortical structures may drive oscillatory heat release of combustion. Previous hydrodynamics studies have shown that the stability of helical structures is highly sensitive to the swirl number. However, the combustion literature has shown that axisymmetric structures (in contrast to helical structures) are often responsible for most of the heat release response. Therefore, this work performs a spatial stability analysis to study the swirl number sensitivity of the forced response of the axisymmetric mode. A spatio-temporal analysis is conducted in tandem to investigate the swirl number sensitivity of the impulse response of this mode. The results show that at low values of the swirl number, the axisymmetric mode stability is a weak function of the swirl number, but that new modes and stability bifurcations appear at high swirl numbers.

  6. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xue-Qiang; Zheng, Jie-Jiao; Yu, Zhuo-Wei; Bi, Xia; Lou, Shu-Jie; Liu, Jing; Cai, Bin; Hua, Ying-Hui; Wu, Mark; Wei, Mao-Ling; Shen, Hai-Min; Chen, Yi; Pan, Yu-Jian; Xu, Guo-Hui; Chen, Pei-Jie

    2012-01-01

    To review the effects of core stability exercise or general exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). Exercise therapy appears to be effective at decreasing pain and improving function for patients with chronic LBP in practice guidelines. Core stability exercise is becoming increasingly popular for LBP. However, it is currently unknown whether core stability exercise produces more beneficial effects than general exercise in patients with chronic LBP. Published articles from 1970 to October 2011 were identified using electronic searches. For this meta-analysis, two reviewers independently selected relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating core stability exercise versus general exercise for the treatment of patients with chronic LBP. Data were extracted independently by the same two individuals who selected the studies. From the 28 potentially relevant trials, a total of 5 trials involving 414 participants were included in the current analysis. The pooling revealed that core stability exercise was better than general exercise for reducing pain [mean difference (-1.29); 95% confidence interval (-2.47, -0.11); P = 0.003] and disability [mean difference (-7.14); 95% confidence interval (-11.64, -2.65); P = 0.002] at the time of the short-term follow-up. However, no significant differences were observed between core stability exercise and general exercise in reducing pain at 6 months [mean difference (-0.50); 95% confidence interval (-1.36, 0.36); P = 0.26] and 12 months [mean difference (-0.32); 95% confidence interval (-0.87, 0.23); P = 0.25]. Compared to general exercise, core stability exercise is more effective in decreasing pain and may improve physical function in patients with chronic LBP in the short term. However, no significant long-term differences in pain severity were observed between patients who engaged in core stability exercise versus those who engaged in general exercise. http

  7. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-Qiang Wang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of core stability exercise or general exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exercise therapy appears to be effective at decreasing pain and improving function for patients with chronic LBP in practice guidelines. Core stability exercise is becoming increasingly popular for LBP. However, it is currently unknown whether core stability exercise produces more beneficial effects than general exercise in patients with chronic LBP. METHODS: Published articles from 1970 to October 2011 were identified using electronic searches. For this meta-analysis, two reviewers independently selected relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs investigating core stability exercise versus general exercise for the treatment of patients with chronic LBP. Data were extracted independently by the same two individuals who selected the studies. RESULTS: From the 28 potentially relevant trials, a total of 5 trials involving 414 participants were included in the current analysis. The pooling revealed that core stability exercise was better than general exercise for reducing pain [mean difference (-1.29; 95% confidence interval (-2.47, -0.11; P = 0.003] and disability [mean difference (-7.14; 95% confidence interval (-11.64, -2.65; P = 0.002] at the time of the short-term follow-up. However, no significant differences were observed between core stability exercise and general exercise in reducing pain at 6 months [mean difference (-0.50; 95% confidence interval (-1.36, 0.36; P = 0.26] and 12 months [mean difference (-0.32; 95% confidence interval (-0.87, 0.23; P = 0.25]. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to general exercise, core stability exercise is more effective in decreasing pain and may improve physical function in patients with chronic LBP in the short term. However, no significant long-term differences in pain severity were observed between patients who engaged in core stability exercise

  8. GENETIC STABILITY ANALYSIS OF RB GENE IN GENETICALLY MODIFIED POTATO LINES TOLERANT TO Phytophthora infestans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edy Listanto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Development of potato cultivars with high levels of broad spectrum resistance is a key long-term management strategy against late blight disease caused by Phytophthora infestans. Six progeny lines of hybridization between transgenic potato Katahdin SP951 with non-transgenic Granola and Atlantic were selected based on agronomical characteristics and resistance to late blight disease. The study aimed to analyze the number of insertions and stability of inserted RB gene in the transgenic potato lines. The research was carried out through plant DNA extraction, southern blot analysis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Southern blot analysis was used to detect the number of inserts integrated into potato genome, while PCR analysis was used to detect stability of RB gene from generation to generation. The results showed that the progenies obtained from hybridization between Atlantic and transgenic Katahdin SP951 (lines No. 20 and 27 and between Granola and transgenic Katahdin SP951 (line No. 69 contained one copy number of RB gene, according to the probing of nptII. The result is similar to that of inserted RB gene found in the parental transgenic Katahdin SP951. The presence of RB gene in four different generations (G0, G1, G2 and G3 showed stable integration of the gene into the plant genome. The single copy number of RB gene will repress the occurrence of silencing gene expression. The stability analysis of RB gene can determine that the gene is still present in plant genome after several generations.

  9. Transient stability analysis of electric energy systems via a fuzzy ART-ARTMAP neural network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Wagner Peron; Silveira, Maria do Carmo G.; Lotufo, AnnaDiva P.; Minussi, Carlos. R. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), P.O. Box 31, 15385-000, Ilha Solteira, SP (Brazil)

    2006-04-15

    This work presents a methodology to analyze transient stability (first oscillation) of electric energy systems, using a neural network based on ART architecture (adaptive resonance theory), named fuzzy ART-ARTMAP neural network for real time applications. The security margin is used as a stability analysis criterion, considering three-phase short circuit faults with a transmission line outage. The neural network operation consists of two fundamental phases: the training and the analysis. The training phase needs a great quantity of processing for the realization, while the analysis phase is effectuated almost without computation effort. This is, therefore the principal purpose to use neural networks for solving complex problems that need fast solutions, as the applications in real time. The ART neural networks have as primordial characteristics the plasticity and the stability, which are essential qualities to the training execution and to an efficient analysis. The fuzzy ART-ARTMAP neural network is proposed seeking a superior performance, in terms of precision and speed, when compared to conventional ARTMAP, and much more when compared to the neural networks that use the training by backpropagation algorithm, which is a benchmark in neural network area. (author)

  10. Stability analysis of implicit time discretizations for the Compton-scattering Fokker-Planck equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Warsa, James S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lowrie, Robert B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morel, Jim E [TEXAS A& M UNIV

    2008-01-01

    The Fokker-Planck equation is a widely used approximation for modeling the Compton scattering of photons in high energy density applications. In this paper, we perform a stability analysis of three implicit time discretizations for the Compton-Scattering Fokker-Planck equation. Specifically, we examine (i) a Semi-Implicit (SI) scheme that employs backward-Euler differencing but evaluates temperature-dependent coefficients at their beginning-of-time-step values, (ii) a Fully Implicit (FI) discretization that instead evaluates temperature-dependent coefficients at their end-of-time-step values, and (iii) a Linearized Implicit (LI) scheme, which is developed by linearizing the temperature dependence of the FI discretization within each time step. Our stability analysis shows that the FI and LI schemes are unconditionally stable and cannot generate oscillatory solutions regardless of time-step size, whereas the SI discretization can suffer from instabilities and nonphysical oscillations for sufficiently large time steps. With the results of this analysis, we present time-step limits for the SI scheme that prevent undesirable behavior. We test the validity of our stability analysis and time-step limits with a set of numerical examples.

  11. Stability analysis of transmission system with high penetration of distributed generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reza, M.

    2006-12-21

    Nowadays, interest in generating electricity using decentralized generators of relatively small scale ('distributed generation', DG) is increasing. This work deals with the impact of implementing DG on the transmission system transient stability, with the emphasis on a potential transition from a 'vertical power system' to a 'horizontal power system. A problem in power systems is maintaining synchronous operation of all (centralized) synchronous machines. This stability problem associated is called rotor angle stability. In this work, the impact of the DG implementation on this is investigated. The impact of DG levels on the system transient stability when the increasing DG level is followed by a reduction of centralized generators in service resulting in a 'vertical to horizontal' transformation of the power system is also investigated. Furthermore, a stochastic analysis is used to study the transient stability of the power systems. The results show that including the stochastic behavior of DG leads to a more complete and detailed view of the system performance. Finally, the situation when the power system is pushed towards a scenario, where DG penetration reaches a level that covers the total load of the original power system (100% DG level) is investigated. The research performed in this work indicates that from the transmission system stability point of view, if higher DG penetration levels are coming up, sufficient inertia and voltage support must be installed. Furthermore, one should be aware of the fact that the system behaves stochastically, especially with DG. To a certain extent regional balancing of power can be performed by local voltage control.

  12. LISA Pathfinder E2E performance simulation: optical and self-gravity stability analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, N.; Fichter, W.; Kersten, M.; Lucarelli, S.; Montemurro, F.

    2005-05-01

    End-to-end (E2E) modelling and simulation, i.e. verifying the science performance of LISA Pathfinder (spacecraft and payload), is mandatory in order to minimize mission risks. In this paper, focus is on two particular applications of the E2E performance simulator currently being developed at EADS Astrium GmbH: the opto-dynamical stability and the self-gravity disturbance stability analysis. The E2E models applied here comprise the opto-dynamical modelling of the optical metrology systems (OMS) laser interferometry, the thermo-elastic distortion modelling of the OMS optical elements and the self-gravity disturbance model accounting for structural distortions. Preliminary analysis results are presented in detail, identifying shortcomings of the current LISA technology package (LTP) mounting baseline. As a consequence, the design is now being revised.

  13. Interface and stability analysis of Tantalum- and Titanium nitride thin films onto Lithiumniobate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, U.; Oswald, S.; Eckert, J.

    2017-12-01

    Modern surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) devices are characterized by their trend to higher frequencies, power densities and new applications. For this, a shrinking of the dimensions is necessary resulting in an increased power density and temperature within the metallization. To reduce the emerging damaging effects (acustomigration, diffusion etc.) additional barrier layers between substrates and electrodes are necessary, especially for high temperature applications. In this context, we present results of detailed chemical interface analysis of sputtered TaN and TiN thin films as potential barrier layers onto SAW-substrate material (LiNbO3) with respect to their temporal (up to 8 h) and thermal stability up to 600 °C in vacuum. We report good stability of both systems. The main technique for analysis was non-destructive and surface sensitive angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AR-XPS).

  14. Laser safety and hazard analysis for the temperature stabilized BSLT ARES laser system.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Augustoni, Arnold L.

    2003-08-01

    A laser safety and hazard analysis was performed for the temperature stabilized Big Sky Laser Technology (BSLT) laser central to the ARES system based on the 2000 version of the American National Standards Institute's (ANSI) Standard Z136.1, for Safe Use of Lasers and the 2000 version of the ANSI Standard Z136.6, for Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors. As a result of temperature stabilization of the BSLT laser the operating parameters of the laser had changed requiring a hazard analysis based on the new operating conditions. The ARES laser system is a Van/Truck based mobile platform, which is used to perform laser interaction experiments and tests at various national test sites.

  15. Eigenvalue-based harmonic stability analysis method in inverter-fed power systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an eigenvalue-based harmonic stability analysis method for inverter-fed power systems. A full-order small-signal model for a droop-controlled Distributed Generation (DG) inverter is built first, including the time delay of digital control system, inner current and voltage...... resonance and instability in the power system. Eigenvalues associated with time delay of inverter and inner controller parameters is obtained, which shows the time delay has an important effect on harmonic instability of inverter-fed power systems. Simulation results are given for validating the proposed...... control loops, and outer droop-based power control loop. Based on the inverter model, an overall small-signal model of a two-inverter-fed system is then established, and the eigenvalue-based stability analysis is subsequently performed to assess the influence of controller parameters on the harmonic...

  16. The Dimensions Affecting Investment Resulting Stabilized Economic Growth in Bangladesh: Perception Analysis of Investors and Bankers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islam Mohammad Saiful

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to identify the impact of some assumed dimensions as vital reasons for investment sluggishness in Bangladesh resulting stabilized GDP growth rate around 6 percent over last decade in spite of having some favorable microeconomic and macroeconomic indicators such as controlled inflation rate, huge foreign exchange reserve, export growth etc. The study is descriptive in nature where correlation, regression and trend analysis have been conducted from the data of primary and secondary sources. The result of the analysis shows that mainly five important dimensions of investment sluggishness named high lending interest rate, corruption in public and private organizations, political unrest, inadequate power generation and supply and infrastructure problem are significantly affecting investment sluggishness in Bangladesh resulting stabilized GDP growth rate. At the end of the research paper, some measures have been recommended to overcome the obstacles of investment growth.

  17. Stability and bifurcation analysis in hematopoietic stem cell dynamics with multiple delays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Ying; Wei, Junjie; Ruan, Shigui

    2010-10-01

    This paper is devoted to the analysis of a maturity structured system of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) populations in the bone marrow. The model is a system of differential equations with several time delays. We discuss the stability of equilibria and perform the analysis of Hopf bifurcation. More precisely, we first obtain a set of improved sufficient conditions ensuring the global asymptotical stability of the zero solution using the Lyapunov method and the embedding technique of asymptotically autonomous semiflows. Then we prove that there exists at least one positive periodic solution for the n-dimensional system as a time delay varies in some region. This result is established by combining Hopf bifurcation theory, the global Hopf bifurcation theorem due to Wu [J. Wu, Symmetric functional differential equations and neural networks with memory, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 350 (1998) 4799-4838], and a continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory. Some numerical simulations are also presented to illustrate the analytic results.

  18. State-space-based harmonic stability analysis for paralleled grid-connected inverters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Wang, Xiongfei; Chen, Zhe

    2016-01-01

    model of paralleled grid-connected inverters is built. Finally, the state space-based stability analysis approach is developed to explain the harmonic resonance phenomenon. The eigenvalue traces associated with time delay and coupled grid impedance are obtained, which accounts for how the unstable...... inverter produces the harmonic resonance and leads to the instability of whole paralleled system. The proposed approach reveals the contributions of the grid impedance as well as the coupled effect on other grid-connected inverters under different grid conditions. Simulation and experimental results......This paper addresses a state-space-based harmonic stability analysis of paralleled grid-connected inverters system. A small signal model of individual inverter is developed, where LCL filter, the equivalent delay of control system, and current controller are modeled. Then, the overall small signal...

  19. The Least Squares Stochastic Finite Element Method in Structural Stability Analysis of Steel Skeletal Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamiński, M.; Szafran, J.

    2015-05-01

    The main purpose of this work is to verify the influence of the weighting procedure in the Least Squares Method on the probabilistic moments resulting from the stability analysis of steel skeletal structures. We discuss this issue also in the context of the geometrical nonlinearity appearing in the Stochastic Finite Element Method equations for the stability analysis and preservation of the Gaussian probability density function employed to model the Young modulus of a structural steel in this problem. The weighting procedure itself (with both triangular and Dirac-type) shows rather marginal influence on all probabilistic coefficients under consideration. This hybrid stochastic computational technique consisting of the FEM and computer algebra systems (ROBOT and MAPLE packages) may be used for analogous nonlinear analyses in structural reliability assessment.

  20. Analysis of the particle stability in a new designed ultrasonic levitation device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baer, Sebastian; Andrade, Marco A B; Esen, Cemal; Adamowski, Julio Cezar; Schweiger, Gustav; Ostendorf, Andreas

    2011-10-01

    The use of acoustic levitation in the fields of analytical chemistry and in the containerless processing of materials requires a good stability of the levitated particle. However, spontaneous oscillations and rotation of the levitated particle have been reported in literature, which can reduce the applicability of the acoustic levitation technique. Aiming to reduce the particle oscillations, this paper presents the analysis of the particle stability in a new acoustic levitator device. The new acoustic levitator consists of a piezoelectric transducer with a concave radiating surface and a concave reflector. The analysis is conducted by determining numerically the axial and lateral forces that act on the levitated object and by measuring the oscillations of a sphere particle by a laser Doppler vibrometer. It is shown that the new levitator design allows to increase the lateral forces and reduce significantly the lateral oscillations of the levitated object.

  1. Stability Analysis of a Model of Atherogenesis: An Energy Estimate Approach II

    KAUST Repository

    Ibragimov, A. I.

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers modelling atherogenesis, the initiation of atherosclerosis, as an inflammatory instability. Motivated by the disease paradigm articulated by Russell Ross, atherogenesis is viewed as an inflammatory spiral with positive feedback loop involving key cellular and chemical species interacting and reacting within the intimal layer of muscular arteries. The inflammation is modelled through a system of non-linear reaction-diffusion-convection partial differential equations. The inflammatory spiral is initiated as an instability from a healthy state which is defined to be an equilibrium state devoid of certain key inflammatory markers. Disease initiation is studied through a linear, asymptotic stability analysis of a healthy equilibrium state. Various theorems are proved giving conditions on system parameters guaranteeing stability of the health state and conditions on system parameters leading to instability. Among the questions addressed in the analysis is the possible mitigating effect of anti-oxidants upon transition to the inflammatory spiral. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.

  2. Oscillatory Stability and Eigenvalue Sensitivity Analysis of A DFIG Wind Turbine System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Lihui; Xu, Zhao; Østergaard, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on modeling and oscillatory stability analysis of a wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). A detailed mathematical model of DFIG wind turbine with vector-control loops is developed, based on which the loci of the system Jacobian's eigenvalues have been analyzed......, showing that, without appropriate controller tuning a Hopf bifurcation can occur in such a system due to various factors, such as wind speed. Subsequently, eigenvalue sensitivity with respect to machine and control parameters is performed to assess their impacts on system stability. Moreover, the Hopf...... bifurcation boundaries of the key parameters are also given. They can be used to guide the tuning of those DFIG parameters to ensure stable operation in practice. The computer simulations are conducted to validate the developed model and to verify the theoretical analysis....

  3. Stability Analysis of Periodic Orbits in a Class of Duffing-Like Piecewise Linear Vibrators

    KAUST Repository

    El Aroudi, A.

    2014-09-01

    In this paper, we study the dynamical behavior of a Duffing-like piecewise linear (PWL) springmass-damper system for vibration-based energy harvesting applications. First, we present a continuous time single degree of freedom PWL dynamical model of the system. From this PWL model, numerical simulations are carried out by computing frequency response and bifurcation diagram under a deterministic harmonic excitation for different sets of system parameter values. Stability analysis is performed using Floquet theory combined with Fillipov method.

  4. A parallel and matrix free framework for global stability analysis of compressible flows

    CERN Document Server

    Henze, O; Sesterhenn, J

    2015-01-01

    An numerical iterative framework for global modal stability analysis of compressible flows using a parallel environment is presented. The framework uses a matrix-free implementation to allow computations of large scale problems. Various methods are tested with regard to convergence acceleration of the framework. The methods consist of a spectral Cayley transformation used to select desired Eigenvalues from a large spectrum, an improved linear solver and a parallel block-Jacobi preconditioning scheme.

  5. Development of cosmetic formulations containing glucan polymer of Cassava (Manihot esculenta): stability and sensory analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Luisa M. Manço; Daiane G. Mercurio; Maísa O. Melo; Patrícia M. B. G. Maia Campos

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was the development, rheological behaviour determination, and sensory analysis of cosmetic formulations containing glucan biopolymer (Manihot esculenta), a tensor agent that was proposed to produce an immediate lifting and smoothing effect. For this purpose, formulations were developed and supplemented or not with 4 % of hydrolysed Manihot esculenta tuber extract and submitted to preliminary stability tests. These formulations were evaluated in terms of rheological behav...

  6. Stability analysis of stagnation-point flow over a stretching/shrinking sheet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. S. Awaludin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The stagnation point flow over a linearly stretching or shrinking sheet is considered in the present study. The transformed ordinary differential equations are solved numerically. Dual solutions are possible for the shrinking case, while the solution is unique for the stretching case. For the shrinking case, a linear temporal stability analysis is performed to determine which one of the solution is stable and thus physically reliable.

  7. Stability Analysis and Variational Integrator for Real-Time Formation Based on Potential Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shengqing Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates a framework of real-time formation of autonomous vehicles by using potential field and variational integrator. Real-time formation requires vehicles to have coordinated motion and efficient computation. Interactions described by potential field can meet the former requirement which results in a nonlinear system. Stability analysis of such nonlinear system is difficult. Our methodology of stability analysis is discussed in error dynamic system. Transformation of coordinates from inertial frame to body frame can help the stability analysis focus on the structure instead of particular coordinates. Then, the Jacobian of reduced system can be calculated. It can be proved that the formation is stable at the equilibrium point of error dynamic system with the effect of damping force. For consideration of calculation, variational integrator is introduced. It is equivalent to solving algebraic equations. Forced Euler-Lagrange equation in discrete expression is used to construct a forced variational integrator for vehicles in potential field and obstacle environment. By applying forced variational integrator on computation of vehicles' motion, real-time formation of vehicles in obstacle environment can be implemented. Algorithm based on forced variational integrator is designed for a leader-follower formation.

  8. Quantitative Analysis of VIIRS DNB Nightlight Point Source for Light Power Estimation and Stability Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changyong Cao

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The high sensitivity and advanced onboard calibration on the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS Day/Night Band (DNB enables accurate measurements of low light radiances which leads to enhanced quantitative applications at night. The finer spatial resolution of DNB also allows users to examine social economic activities at urban scales. Given the growing interest in the use of the DNB data, there is a pressing need for better understanding of the calibration stability and absolute accuracy of the DNB at low radiances. The low light calibration accuracy was previously estimated at a moderate 15% using extended sources while the long-term stability has yet to be characterized. There are also several science related questions to be answered, for example, how the Earth’s atmosphere and surface variability contribute to the stability of the DNB measured radiances; how to separate them from instrument calibration stability; whether or not SI (International System of Units traceable active light sources can be designed and installed at selected sites to monitor the calibration stability, radiometric and geolocation accuracy, and point spread functions of the DNB; furthermore, whether or not such active light sources can be used for detecting environmental changes, such as aerosols. This paper explores the quantitative analysis of nightlight point sources, such as those from fishing vessels, bridges, and cities, using fundamental radiometry and radiative transfer, which would be useful for a number of applications including search and rescue in severe weather events, as well as calibration/validation of the DNB. Time series of the bridge light data are used to assess the stability of the light measurements and the calibration of VIIRS DNB. It was found that the light radiant power computed from the VIIRS DNB data matched relatively well with independent assessments based on the in situ light installations, although estimates have to be

  9. Virtual Reality Analysis in Tennis Serve Technique Stability for Junior Masters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Chuan Jia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study consists of virtual reality analysis of tennis serve technique was constructed based on two male professional players from 2016 Chengdu ITF Junior Masters: Casper RUUD and Miomir Kecmanovic. The purpose of the study is to find an effective way of building stability of serves for junior players. This study will provide some considerable data for coaches and players in improving the stability and quality of the serve technique. Results of the study show 5 main points of view: (1 RUUD has a higher stability on controlling the height and location of serve. (2 During the swing stage, RUUD’s “scratching back” position of racket head is deeper, but Kecmanovic’s consistency is better. (3 For the consistency of the height to hit the ball, RUUD has a better control. (4 The height of the ball toss is a key point to affect the quality and stability for serves. (5 Overall, RUUD has a higher serve consistency than Kecmanovic.

  10. Measurement of Primary and Secondary Stability of Dental Implants by Resonance Frequency Analysis Method in Mandible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shokri, Mehran; Daraeighadikolaei, Arash

    2013-01-01

    Background. There is no doubt that the success of the dental implants depends on the stability. The aim of this work was to measure the stability of dental implants prior to loading the implants, using a resonance frequency analysis (RFA) by Osstell mentor device. Methods. Ten healthy and nonsmoker patients over 40 years of age with at least six months of complete or partial edentulous mouth received screw-type dental implants by a 1-stage procedure. RFA measurements were obtained at surgery and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 11 weeks after the implant surgery. Results. Among fifteen implants, the lowest mean stability measurement was for the 4th week after surgery in all bone types. At placement, the mean ISQ obtained with the magnetic device was 77.2 with 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.49, and then it decreased until the 4th week to 72.13 (95% CI = 2.88), and at the last measurement, the mean implant stability significantly (P value implant placement. These suggestions need to be further assessed through future studies. PMID:23737790

  11. Analytical model and stability analysis of the leading edge spar of a passively morphing ornithopter wing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wissa, Aimy; Calogero, Joseph; Wereley, Norman; Hubbard, James E; Frecker, Mary

    2015-10-26

    This paper presents the stability analysis of the leading edge spar of a flapping wing unmanned air vehicle with a compliant spine inserted in it. The compliant spine is a mechanism that was designed to be flexible during the upstroke and stiff during the downstroke. Inserting a variable stiffness mechanism into the leading edge spar affects its structural stability. The model for the spar-spine system was formulated in terms of the well-known Mathieu's equation, in which the compliant spine was modeled as a torsional spring with a sinusoidal stiffness function. Experimental data was used to validate the model and results show agreement within 11%. The structural stability of the leading edge spar-spine system was determined analytically and graphically using a phase plane plot and Strutt diagrams. Lastly, a torsional viscous damper was added to the leading edge spar-spine model to investigate the effect of damping on stability. Results show that for the un-damped case, the leading edge spar-spine response was stable and bounded; however, there were areas of instability that appear for a range of spine upstroke and downstroke stiffnesses. Results also show that there exist a damping ratio between 0.2 and 0.5, for which the leading edge spar-spine system was stable for all values of spine upstroke and downstroke stiffnesses.

  12. Stability analysis and optimum reinforcement design for an intense weathered rock slope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Kuan; Tan, Zhuoying; Li, Wen

    2017-05-01

    In view of the complex structural characters of Chengmenshan copper mine slope, the slope stability should be analyzed and additional reinforcement measures need to be considered to ensure mining safety. In this paper, the slope model was built and its stability was analyzed by numerical simulation method under nature and dynamic loading state. After that the design of orthogonal experiment was discussed for the key factors which influence the reinforcement effect of anchors with SPSS software, and the primary and secondary relation of factors and the optimal combination were obtained using the range analysis method. Finally, the slope stability with optimal reinforcement measure was tested. The results show that the safety factor of slope under nature state is low and it is in the critical instability condition. Under dynamic loading state, the failure probability of slope increases from 0 to 18% as the seismic magnitude varies from 6 to 8. Primary and secondary sequence of factors that influence the anchor reinforcement effect is the bonding length, anchor installing angle, anchor length at 3rd bench, anchor length at 2nd bench and anchor length at 1st bench .The safety factor of slope reinforced with anchors is larger than 1.1, which could ensure the safety and stability of the slope.

  13. Analysis of the production stability of mixed grasslands. II. A mathematical framework for the quantification of production stability of grassland ecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schulte, R.P.O.

    2003-01-01

    The analysis of the intrinsic properties and processes of ecosystems, which regulate the production stability of mixed grasslands, has been complicated by the environmental noise caused by stochastic weather fluctuations. A mathematical framework is presented to deduct the actual, the extrinsic and

  14. Application of strength reduction method to dynamic anti-sliding stability analysis of high gravity dam with complex dam foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Deng-hong Chen; Cheng-bin Du

    2011-01-01

    Considering that there are some limitations in analyzing the anti-sliding seismic stability of dam-foundation systems with the traditional pseudo-static method and response spectrum method, the dynamic strength reduction method was used to study the deep anti-sliding stability of a high gravity dam with a complex dam foundation in response to strong earthquake-induced ground action. Based on static anti-sliding stability analysis of the dam foundation undertaken by decreasing the shear streng...

  15. Quantification and analysis of color stability based on thermal transient behavior in white LED lamps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisa Khan, M

    2017-09-20

    We present measurement and analysis of color stability over time for two categories of white LED lamps based on their thermal management scheme, which also affects their transient lumen depreciation. We previously reported that lumen depreciation in LED lamps can be minimized by properly designing the heat sink configuration that allows lamps to reach a thermal equilibrium condition quickly. Although it is well known that lumen depreciation degrades color stability of white light since color coordinates vary with total lumen power by definition, quantification and characterization of color shifts based on thermal transient behavior have not been previously reported in literature for LED lamps. Here we provide experimental data and analysis of transient color shifts for two categories of household LED lamps (from a total of six lamps in two categories) and demonstrate that reaching thermal equilibrium more quickly provides better stability for color rendering, color temperature, and less deviation of color coordinates from the Planckian blackbody locus line, which are all very important characterization parameters of color for white light. We report for the first time that a lamp's color degradation from the turn-on time primarily depends on thermal transient behavior of the semiconductor LED chip, which experiences a wavelength shift as well as a decrease in its dominant wavelength peak value with time, which in turn degrades the phosphor conversion. For the first time, we also provide a comprehensive quantitative analysis that differentiates color degradation due to the heat rise in GaN/GaInN LED chips and subsequently the boards these chips are mounted on-from that caused by phosphor heating in a white LED module. Finally, we briefly discuss why there are some inevitable trade-offs between omnidirectionality and color and luminous output stability in current household LED lamps and what will help eliminate these trade-offs in future lamp designs.

  16. Spatial and model-order based reactor signal analysis methodology for BWR core stability evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dokhane, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Laboratory for Reactor Physics and Systems Behavior, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland) and Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)]. E-mail: adokhane@ksu.edu.sa; Ferroukhi, H. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Laboratory for Reactor Physics and Systems Behavior, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)]. E-mail: hakim.ferroukhi@psi.ch; Zimmermann, M.A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Laboratory for Reactor Physics and Systems Behavior, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Aguirre, C. [Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt, CH-5325 Leibstadt (Switzerland)

    2006-11-15

    A new methodology for the boiling water reactor core stability evaluation from measured noise signals has been recently developed and adopted at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI). This methodology consists in a general reactor noise analysis where as much as possible information recorded during the tests is investigated prior to determining core representative stability parameters, i.e. the decay ratio (DR) and the resonance frequency, along with an associated estimate of the uncertainty range. A central part in this approach is that the evaluation of the core stability parameters is performed not only for a few but for ALL recorded neutron flux signals, allowing thereby the assessment of signal-related uncertainties. In addition, for each signal, three different model-order optimization methods are systematically employed to take into account the sensitivity upon the model-order. The current methodology is then applied to the evaluation of the core stability measurements performed at the Leibstadt NPP, Switzerland, during cycles 10, 13 and 19. The results show that as the core becomes very stable, the method-related uncertainty becomes the major contributor to the overall uncertainty range while for intermediate DR values, the signal-related uncertainty becomes dominant. However, as the core stability deteriorates, the method-related and signal-related spreads have similar contributions to the overall uncertainty, and both are found to be small. The PSI methodology identifies the origin of the different contributions to the uncertainty. Furthermore, in order to assess the results obtained with the current methodology, a comparative study is for completeness carried out with respect to results from previously developed and applied procedures. The results show a good agreement between the current method and the other methods.

  17. Linear and nonlinear stability analysis in BWRs applying a reduced order model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olvera G, O. A.; Espinosa P, G.; Prieto G, A., E-mail: omar_olverag@hotmail.com [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco No. 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) stability studies are generally conducted through nonlinear reduced order models (Rom) employing various techniques such as bifurcation analysis and time domain numerical integration. One of those models used for these studies is the March-Leuba Rom. Such model represents qualitatively the dynamic behavior of a BWR through a one-point reactor kinetics, a one node representation of the heat transfer process in fuel, and a two node representation of the channel Thermal hydraulics to account for the void reactivity feedback. Here, we study the effect of this higher order model on the overall stability of the BWR. The change in the stability boundaries is determined by evaluating the eigenvalues of the Jacobian matrix. The nonlinear model is also integrated numerically to show that in the nonlinear region, the system evolves to stable limit cycles when operating close to the stability boundary. We also applied a new technique based on the Empirical Mode Decomposition (Emd) to estimate a parameter linked with stability in a BWR. This instability parameter is not exactly the classical Decay Ratio (Dr), but it will be linked with it. The proposed method allows decomposing the analyzed signal in different levels or mono-component functions known as intrinsic mode functions (Imf). One or more of these different modes can be associated to the instability problem in BWRs. By tracking the instantaneous frequencies (calculated through Hilbert Huang Transform (HHT) and the autocorrelation function (Acf) of the Imf linked to instability. The estimation of the proposed parameter can be achieved. The current methodology was validated with simulated signals of the studied model. (Author)

  18. Dynamical investigation and parameter stability region analysis of a flywheel energy storage system in charging mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei-Ya; Li, Yong-Li; Chang, Xiao-Yong; Wang, Nan

    2013-09-01

    In this paper, the dynamic behavior analysis of the electromechanical coupling characteristics of a flywheel energy storage system (FESS) with a permanent magnet (PM) brushless direct-current (DC) motor (BLDCM) is studied. The Hopf bifurcation theory and nonlinear methods are used to investigate the generation process and mechanism of the coupled dynamic behavior for the average current controlled FESS in the charging mode. First, the universal nonlinear dynamic model of the FESS based on the BLDCM is derived. Then, for a 0.01 kWh/1.6 kW FESS platform in the Key Laboratory of the Smart Grid at Tianjin University, the phase trajectory of the FESS from a stable state towards chaos is presented using numerical and stroboscopic methods, and all dynamic behaviors of the system in this process are captured. The characteristics of the low-frequency oscillation and the mechanism of the Hopf bifurcation are investigated based on the Routh stability criterion and nonlinear dynamic theory. It is shown that the Hopf bifurcation is directly due to the loss of control over the inductor current, which is caused by the system control parameters exceeding certain ranges. This coupling nonlinear process of the FESS affects the stability of the motor running and the efficiency of energy transfer. In this paper, we investigate into the effects of control parameter change on the stability and the stability regions of these parameters based on the averaged-model approach. Furthermore, the effect of the quantization error in the digital control system is considered to modify the stability regions of the control parameters. Finally, these theoretical results are verified through platform experiments.

  19. The Stability Analysis Method of the Cohesive Granular Slope on the Basis of Graph Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Yanpeng; Liu, Xiaoli; Wang, Enzhi; Wang, Sijing

    2017-02-27

    This paper attempted to provide a method to calculate progressive failure of the cohesivefrictional granular geomaterial and the spatial distribution of the stability of the cohesive granular slope. The methodology can be divided into two parts: the characterization method of macro-contact and the analysis of the slope stability. Based on the graph theory, the vertexes, the edges and the edge sequences are abstracted out to characterize the voids, the particle contact and the macro-contact, respectively, bridging the gap between the mesoscopic and macro scales of granular materials. This paper adopts this characterization method to extract a graph from a granular slope and characterize the macro sliding surface, then the weighted graph is analyzed to calculate the slope safety factor. Each edge has three weights representing the sliding moment, the anti-sliding moment and the braking index of contact-bond, respectively, . The safety factor of the slope is calculated by presupposing a certain number of sliding routes and reducing Weight repeatedly and counting the mesoscopic failure of the edge. It is a kind of slope analysis method from mesoscopic perspective so it can present more detail of the mesoscopic property of the granular slope. In the respect of macro scale, the spatial distribution of the stability of the granular slope is in agreement with the theoretical solution.

  20. The Stability Analysis Method of the Cohesive Granular Slope on the Basis of Graph Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanpeng Guan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempted to provide a method to calculate progressive failure of the cohesivefrictional granular geomaterial and the spatial distribution of the stability of the cohesive granular slope. The methodology can be divided into two parts: the characterization method of macro-contact and the analysis of the slope stability. Based on the graph theory, the vertexes, the edges and the edge sequences are abstracted out to characterize the voids, the particle contact and the macro-contact, respectively, bridging the gap between the mesoscopic and macro scales of granular materials. This paper adopts this characterization method to extract a graph from a granular slope and characterize the macro sliding surface, then the weighted graph is analyzed to calculate the slope safety factor. Each edge has three weights representing the sliding moment, the anti-sliding moment and the braking index of contact-bond, respectively, . The safety factor of the slope is calculated by presupposing a certain number of sliding routes and reducing Weight repeatedly and counting the mesoscopic failure of the edge. It is a kind of slope analysis method from mesoscopic perspective so it can present more detail of the mesoscopic property of the granular slope. In the respect of macro scale, the spatial distribution of the stability of the granular slope is in agreement with the theoretical solution.

  1. Stability Analysis and Trigger Control of LLC Resonant Converter for a Wide Operational Range

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhijian Fang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The gain of a LLC resonant converter can vary with the loads that can be used to improve the efficiency and power density for some special applications, where the maximum gain does not apply at the heaviest loads. However, nonlinear gain characteristics can make the converters unstable during a major disturbance. In this paper, the stability of an LLC resonant converter during a major disturbance is studied and a trigger control scheme is proposed to improve the converter’s stability by extending the converter’s operational range. Through in-depth analysis of the gain curve of the LLC resonant converter, we find that the switching frequency range is one of the key factors determining the system’s stability performance. The same result is also obtained from a mathematical point of view by utilizing the mixed potential function method. Then a trigger control method is proposed to make the LLC resonant converter stable even during a major disturbance, which can be used to extend the converter’s operational range. Finally, experimental results are given to verify the analysis and proposed control scheme.

  2. Stability and bifurcation analysis of spin-polarized vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nianqiang; Susanto, H.; Cemlyn, B. R.; Henning, I. D.; Adams, M. J.

    2017-07-01

    A detailed stability and bifurcation analysis of spin-polarized vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) is presented. We consider both steady-state and dynamical regimes. In the case of steady-state operation, we carry out a small-signal (asymptotic) stability analysis of the steady-state solutions for a representative set of spin-VCSEL parameters. Compared with full numerical simulation, we show this produces surprisingly accurate results over the whole range of pump ellipticity, and spin-VCSEL bias up to 1.5 times the threshold. We then combine direct numerical integration of the extended spin-flip model and standard continuation technique to examine the underlying dynamics. We find that the spin VCSEL undergoes a period-doubling or quasiperiodic route to chaos as either the pump magnitude or polarization ellipticity is varied. Moreover, we find that different dynamical states can coexist in a finite interval of pump intensity, and observe a hysteresis loop whose width is tunable via the pump polarization. Finally we report a comparison of stability maps in the plane of the pump polarization against pump magnitude produced by categorizing the dynamic output of a spin VCSEL from time-domain simulations, against supercritical bifurcation curves obtained by the standard continuation package auto. This helps us better understand the underlying dynamics of the spin VCSELs.

  3. Nonlinear Feedback Control and Stability Analysis of a Proof-of-Work Blockchain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geir Hovland

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a novel feedback controller and stability analysis of a blockchain implementation is developed by using a control engineering perspective. The controller output equals the difficulty adjustment in the mining process while the feedback variable is the average block time over a certain time period. The computational power (hash rate of the miners is considered a disturbance in the model. The developed controller is tested against a simulation model with constant disturbance, step and ramp responses as well as with a high-frequency sinusoidal disturbance. Stability and a fast response is demonstrated in all these cases with a controller which adjusts it's output at every new block. Finally the performance of the controller is implemented and demonstrated on a testnet with a constant hash rate as well as on the mainnet of a public open source blockchain project.

  4. Parameters sensitivity analysis of underground excavation impacting on slope stability based on Vector Sum Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Quan

    2018-01-01

    The impact of underground excavation on slope stability is controlled by many parameters, including the shape of slope, the mechanical property of soil and rock, the relative position of excavation zone and slip surface, and so on. The factor of safety (FOS) base on limit equilibrium method (LEM) and strength reduction method (SRM) is not suitable to evaluate the impact. Vector sum method (VSM) and orthogonal experiment are used to evaluate the impact by doing parameters sensitivity analysis. The result shows that the VSM could be used to in this research field, and the gradient of a slope, the relative position between a excavation area and a slope, the cohesion are the top three factors which impact the stability significantly.

  5. Mathematical model and stability analysis of fluttering and autorotation of an articulated plate into a flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rostami, Ali Bakhshandeh; Fernandes, Antonio Carlos

    2018-03-01

    This paper is dedicated to develop a mathematical model that can simulate nonlinear phenomena of a hinged plate which places into the fluid flow (1 DOF). These phenomena are fluttering (oscillation motion), autorotation (continuous rotation) and chaotic motion (combination of fluttering and autorotation). Two mathematical models are developed for 1 DOF problem using two eminent mathematical models which had been proposed for falling plates (3 DOF). The procedures of developing these models are elaborated and then these results are compared to experimental data. The best model in the simulation of the phenomena is chosen for stability and bifurcation analysis. Based on these analyses, this model shows a transcritical bifurcation and as a result, the stability diagram and threshold are presented. Moreover, an analytical expression is given for finding the boundary of bifurcation from the fluttering to the autorotation.

  6. Aeromechanical stability analysis of a multirotor vehicle model representing a hybrid heavy lift airship (HHLA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesan, C.; Friedmann, P. P.

    1984-01-01

    Hybrid Heavy Lift Airship (HHLA) is a proposed candidate vehicle aimed at providing heavy lift capability at low cost. This vehicle consists of a buoyant envelope attached to a supporting structure to which four rotor systems, taken from existing helicopters are attached. Nonlinear equations of motion capable of modelling the dynamics of this coupled multi-rotor/support frame/vehicle system have been developed. Using these equations of motion the aeroelastic and aeromechanical stability analysis is performed aimed at identifying potential instabilities which could occur for this type of vehicle. The coupling between various blade, supporting structure and rigid body modes is identified. Furthermore, the effects of changes in buoyancy ratio (Buoyant lift/total weight) on the dynamic characteristics of the vehicle are studied. The dynamic effects found are of considerable importance for the design of such vehicles. The analytical model developed is also useful for studying the aeromechanical stability of single rotor and tandem rotor coupled rotor/fuselage systems.

  7. Stability analysis and active damping for LLCL-filter based grid-connected inverters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huang, Min; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    2014-01-01

    A higher order passive power filter (LLCL-filter) for the grid-tied inverter is becoming attractive for the industrial applications due to the possibility to reduce the cost of the copper and the magnetic material. To avoid the well-known stability problems of the LLCL-filter it is requested to use...... either passive or active damping methods. This paper analyzes the stability when damping is required and when damping is not necessary considering sampling and transport delay. Basic LLCL resonance damping properties of different feedback states are also studied. Then an active damping method which...... is using the capacitor current feedback for LLCL-filter is introduced. Based on this method, a design procedure for the control method is given. Last, both simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the theoretical analysis of this paper....

  8. Dissipativity and stability analysis of fractional-order complex-valued neural networks with time delay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velmurugan, G; Rakkiyappan, R; Vembarasan, V; Cao, Jinde; Alsaedi, Ahmed

    2017-02-01

    As we know, the notion of dissipativity is an important dynamical property of neural networks. Thus, the analysis of dissipativity of neural networks with time delay is becoming more and more important in the research field. In this paper, the authors establish a class of fractional-order complex-valued neural networks (FCVNNs) with time delay, and intensively study the problem of dissipativity, as well as global asymptotic stability of the considered FCVNNs with time delay. Based on the fractional Halanay inequality and suitable Lyapunov functions, some new sufficient conditions are obtained that guarantee the dissipativity of FCVNNs with time delay. Moreover, some sufficient conditions are derived in order to ensure the global asymptotic stability of the addressed FCVNNs with time delay. Finally, two numerical simulations are posed to ensure that the attention of our main results are valuable. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Specification Analysis, Design, and Prototyping of a Burr Hole Endoscope Stabilization Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraskevopoulos, Dimitrios

    2016-12-01

    Aim of this study was to develop a prototype for an innovative, burr-hole mounted device, for stabilizing endoscopes during intracranial surgery. The objective was an easily maneuverable device, freeing one hand without compromising flexibility and safety. This could avoid the need for a second surgeon or a bulky holder, thus improving coordination. The initial concept arose from the observation that intraventricular endoscopy is often performed by 2 surgeons, 1 navigating the endoscope and 1 inserting/handling instruments through the working channel. A specification analysis was performed. Desired properties were specified through a literature review, as well as informal interviews with surgeons and engineers. Tools used for the design included blueprints, 3-dimensional computer aided-design and cooperating with engineers. The final prototype was 3D-printed and the toruses were produced with molding. A prototype named BuESta (Burr hole Endoscope Stabililizer) was produced. This consists of 2 half hollow sphere parts and interchangeable toruses and has the following features: easy to produce, inexpensive, not prolonging surgical time, semirigid, variable fixation, easy to fix/release, safe, no bulky articulated arms, mimicking basic concepts of second hand fixation (index finger/thumb fixation, hand resting/stabilizing on skull). This work represents a feasibility study including specification analysis, design and prototyping of a novel Burr hole endoscope stabilizing device. The device offers variable support for the endoscope, from complete free-hand to semirigid to rigid, thus freeing one hand which is often used to stabilize the endoscope. It can potentially help achieve solo surgery. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. Parameter-free driven Liouville-von Neumann approach for time-dependent electronic transport simulations in open quantum systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelovich, Tamar; Hansen, Thorsten; Liu, Zhen-Fei; Neaton, Jeffrey B.; Kronik, Leeor; Hod, Oded

    2017-03-01

    A parameter-free version of the recently developed driven Liouville-von Neumann equation [T. Zelovich et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput. 10(8), 2927-2941 (2014)] for electronic transport calculations in molecular junctions is presented. The single driving rate, appearing as a fitting parameter in the original methodology, is replaced by a set of state-dependent broadening factors applied to the different single-particle lead levels. These broadening factors are extracted explicitly from the self-energy of the corresponding electronic reservoir and are fully transferable to any junction incorporating the same lead model. The performance of the method is demonstrated via tight-binding and extended Hückel calculations of simple junction models. Our analytic considerations and numerical results indicate that the developed methodology constitutes a rigorous framework for the design of "black-box" algorithms to simulate electron dynamics in open quantum systems out of equilibrium.

  11. An efficient solution of Liouville-von Neumann equation that is applicable to zero and finite temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Heng; Chen, GuanHua

    2012-11-28

    Application of quantum dissipation theory to electronic dynamics has been limited to model systems with few energy levels, and its numerical solutions are mostly restricted to high temperatures. A highly accurate and efficient numerical algorithm, which is based on the Chebyshev spectral method, is developed to integrate a single-particle Liouville-von Neumann equation, and the two long-standing limitations of quantum dissipation theory are resolved in the context of quantum transport. Its computational time scales to O(N(3)) with N being the number of orbitals involved, which leads to a reality for the quantum mechanical simulation of real open systems containing hundreds or thousands of atomic orbitals. More importantly, the algorithm spans both finite and zero temperatures. Numerical calculations are carried out to simulate the transient current through a metallic wire containing up to 1000 orbitals.

  12. New approach to the solution of large, full matrix equations. [Neumann problem for inviscid incompressble flow past airfoils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, R. W.; James, R. M.

    1981-01-01

    A new approach to the solution of matrix equations resulting from integral equations is presented and applied to the solution of two-dimensional Neumann problems describing the inviscid, incompressible flow past an airfoil. The problem is reformulated in terms of a preselected set of mode functions giving an equivalent matrix equation to be solved for the mode-function expansion coefficients. Because of the inherent smoothness of the original problem, the coefficient problem can be solved approximately without significantly affecting the accuracy of the final solution. Very promising two-dimensional results are obtained and the extension of the method to three-dimensional problems is investigated. On the basis of these results it is shown that the computing time for the matrix solution for a large three-dimensional panel method calculation could be reduced by an order of magnitude compared with that required for a direct solution.

  13. Existence and uniqueness of weak and entropy solutions for homogeneous Neumann boundary-value problems involving variable exponents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard K. Bonzi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article we study the nonlinear homogeneous Neumann boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ b(u-hbox{div} a(x,abla u=fquad hbox{in } Omegacr a(x,abla u.eta=0 quadhbox{on }partial Omega, }$$ where $Omega$ is a smooth bounded open domain in $mathbb{R}^{N}$, $N geq 3$ and $eta$ the outer unit normal vector on $partialOmega$. We prove the existence and uniqueness of a weak solution for $f in L^{infty}(Omega$ and the existence and uniqueness of an entropy solution for $L^{1}$-data $f$. The functional setting involves Lebesgue and Sobolev spaces with variable exponents.

  14. Uniform regularity estimates in homogenization theory of elliptic systems with lower order terms on the Neumann boundary problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Qiang

    2016-10-01

    In this paper, we mainly employed the idea of the previous paper [34] to study the sharp uniform W 1 , p estimates with 1 < p ≤ ∞ for more general elliptic systems with the Neumann boundary condition on a bounded C 1 , η domain, arising in homogenization theory. Based on the skills developed by Z. Shen in [27] and by T. Suslina in [31,32], we also established the L2 convergence rates on a bounded C 1 , 1 domain and a Lipschitz domain, respectively. Here we found a ;rough; version of the first order correctors (see (1.12)), which can unify the proof in [27] and [32]. It allows us to skip the corresponding convergence results on Rd that are the preconditions in [31,32]. Our results can be regarded as an extension of [23] developed by C. Kenig, F. Lin, Z. Shen, as well as of [32] investigated by T. Suslina.

  15. Genotypic stability and adaptability in tropical maize based on AMMI and GGE biplot analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balestre, M; Von Pinho, R G; Souza, J C; Oliveira, R L

    2009-11-03

    We evaluated the phenotypic and genotypic stability and adaptability of hybrids using the additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) and genotype x genotype-environment interaction (GGE) biplot models. Starting with 10 single-cross hybrids, a complete diallel was done, resulting in 45 double-cross hybrids that were appraised in 15 locations in Southeast, Center-West and Northeast Brazil. In most cases, when the effects were considered as random (only G effects or G and GE simultaneously) in AMMI and GGE analysis, the distances between predicted values and observed values were smaller than for AMMI and GGE biplot phenotypic means; the best linear unbiased predictors of G and GE generally showed more accurate predictions in AMMI and GGE analysis. We found the GGE biplot method to be superior to the AMMI 1 graph, due to more retention of GE and G + GE in the graph analysis. However, based on cross-validation results, the GGE biplot was less accurate than the AMMI 1 graph, inferring that the quantity of GE or G + GE retained in the graph analysis alone is not a good parameter for choice of stabilities and adaptabilities when comparing AMMI and GGE analyses.

  16. Stability Analysis of Tunnel-Slope Coupling Based on Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Luo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Subjects in tunnels, being constrained by terrain and routes, entrances and exits to tunnels, usually stay in the terrain with slopes. Thus, it is necessary to carry out stability analysis by treating the tunnel slope as an entity. In this study, based on the Janbu slices method, a model for the calculation of the stability of the original slope-tunnel-bank slope is established. The genetic algorithm is used to implement calculation variables, safety coefficient expression and fitness function design. The stability of the original slope-tunnel-bank slope under different conditions is calculated, after utilizing the secondary development function of the mathematical tool MATLAB for programming. We found that the bearing capacity of the original slopes is reduced as the tunnels are excavated and the safety coefficient is gradually decreased as loads of the embankment construction increased. After the embankment was constructed, the safety coefficient was 1.38, which is larger than the 1.3 value specified by China’s standards. Thus, the original slope-tunnel-bank slope would remain in a stable state.

  17. Mixed Finite Element Simulation with Stability Analysis for Gas Transport in Low-Permeability Reservoirs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed F. El-Amin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural gas exists in considerable quantities in tight reservoirs. Tight formations are rocks with very tiny or poorly connected pors that make flow through them very difficult, i.e., the permeability is very low. The mixed finite element method (MFEM, which is locally conservative, is suitable to simulate the flow in porous media. This paper is devoted to developing a mixed finite element (MFE technique to simulate the gas transport in low permeability reservoirs. The mathematical model, which describes gas transport in low permeability formations, contains slippage effect, as well as adsorption and diffusion mechanisms. The apparent permeability is employed to represent the slippage effect in low-permeability formations. The gas adsorption on the pore surface has been described by Langmuir isotherm model, while the Peng-Robinson equation of state is used in the thermodynamic calculations. Important compatibility conditions must hold to guarantee the stability of the mixed method by adding additional constraints to the numerical discretization. The stability conditions of the MFE scheme has been provided. A theorem and three lemmas on the stability analysis of the mixed finite element method (MFEM have been established and proven. A semi-implicit scheme is developed to solve the governing equations. Numerical experiments are carried out under various values of the physical parameters.

  18. Rapid RNA-ligand interaction analysis through high-information content conformational and stability landscapes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baird, Nathan J. [National Inst. of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD (United States); Inglese, James [National Inst. of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD (United States); Ferré-D’Amaré, Adrian R. [National Inst. of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2015-12-07

    The structure and biological properties of RNAs are a function of changing cellular conditions, but comprehensive, simultaneous investigation of the effect of multiple interacting environmental variables is not easily achieved. We have developed an efficient, high-throughput method to characterize RNA structure and thermodynamic stability as a function of multiplexed solution conditions using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). In a single FRET experiment using conventional quantitative PCR instrumentation, 19,400 conditions of MgCl2, ligand and temperature are analysed to generate detailed empirical conformational and stability landscapes of the cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) riboswitch. This method allows rapid comparison of RNA structure modulation by cognate and non-cognate ligands. Landscape analysis reveals that kanamycin B stabilizes a non-native, idiosyncratic conformation of the riboswitch that inhibits c-di-GMP binding. Our research demonstrates that allosteric control of folding, rather than direct competition with cognate effectors, is a viable approach for pharmacologically targeting riboswitches and other structured RNA molecules.

  19. Yield stability and adaptability of maize hybrids based on GGE biplot analysis characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Balestre

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate stability and adaptability of the grain yield of commercial intervarietalmaize hybrids by the GGE (Genotype and Genotype by Environment Interaction biplot and AMMI (Additive Main Effects andMultiplicative Interaction analyses. Two intervarietal hybrids (BIO 2 and BIO4 were evaluated together with single, doubleand three-way cross hybrids. The performance of the intervarietal hybrid BIO 4 was superior to all double and three-waycross hybrids and outmatched the single-cross hybrids by 43%. In terms of stability, BIO 2 was more stable than BIO4, whichis desirable, but biological stability, which is not necessarily desirable, was also observed, since the yield was below theenvironmental mean. The graphical GGE biplot analysis was superior to the AMMI1 since a greater portion of the sum ofsquares of GE and G+GE was captured and the predictive accuracy was higher. On the other hand, the AMMI2 graphoutperformed the GGE biplot in predictive accuracy and explanation of G + GE and GE, although the difference in accuracywas smaller than between GGE2 and AMMI1.

  20. Impact Analysis of Roller System Stability for Four-High Mill Horizontal Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-bin Fan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the hot Compact Strip Production (CSP, four-high mill vibration characteristics, and vibration suppression method, the roller system structure stability was analyzed and calculated at first in the paper. And then, the mill stand gap was measured at field and its influence on roll transverse vibration was analyzed. The drum gear coupling effect on the roller system stability and the automatic balance conditions of the coupling transmission torque were studied; the influence of axial force caused by the roller cross on the system stability was analyzed. Finally, the roller transverse friction chatter vibration mechanics model was established; the simulation analysis was carried out with eliminating mill house-bearing clearance and adding floating support for coupling, respectively. And the characteristics of the roller “jump vibration” were studied. We applied copper gaskets to eliminate or reduce mill house-bearing clearance for suppressing the rolling mill vibration on the spot; the test results show that the roller transverse vibration was suppressed after eliminating clearance.