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Sample records for networks nathalie henry

  1. Nathalie Heinich, Pourquoi Bourdieu

    OpenAIRE

    Olivesi, Stéphane

    2012-01-01

    Pourquoi « Pourquoi Bourdieu » ? C’est certainement la question que l’on se pose au premier abord et que l’on se re-pose au terme de la lecture du dernier livre de Nathalie Heinich qui se clôt sur l’évocation de la mort du propre père de l’auteure, de Jérôme Lindon et de Pierre Bourdieu. Il faut dire que, dès la première ligne, le livre tranche avec l’exégèse savante, le pamphlet ou l’hagiographie. Nathalie Heinich propose un récit à la première personne dont Pierre Bourdieu n’est souvent que...

  2. Entrevista a Nathalie Heinich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéry Rasplus

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available En esta entrevista, Nathalie Heinich traza su trayectoria intelectual como partícipe de la tendencia de la sociología pragmática. Define distintos momentos de su formación, desde sus comienzos en la sociología y en la historia del arte, y los problemas y temas que se han aplicado, así como su relación con sus maestros.

  3. Prediction of Henry's law constants by a quantitative structure property relationship and neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, N J; Carroll, D G

    2001-01-01

    Multiple linear regression analysis and neural networks were employed to develop predictive models for Henry's law constants (HLCs) for organic compounds of environmental concern in pure water at 25 degrees C, using a set of quantitative structure property relationship (QSPR)-based descriptors to encode various molecular structural features. Two estimation models were developed from a set of 303 compounds using 10 and 12 descriptors, one of these models using two descriptors to account for hydrogen-bonding characteristics explicitly; these were validated subsequently on an external set of 54 compounds. For each model, a linear regression and neural network version was prepared. The standard errors of the linear regression models for the training data set were 0.262 and 0.488 log(H(cc)) units, while those of the neural network analogues were lower at 0.202 and 0.224, respectively; the linear regression models explained 98.3% and 94.3% of the variance in the development data, respectively, the neural network models giving similar quality results of 99% and 98.3%, respectively. The various descriptors used describe connectivity, charge distribution, charged surface area, hydrogen-bonding characteristics, and group influences on HLC values.

  4. Taxonomía y distribución de Nathalis (Lepidoptera: Pieridae en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannier W Pulido-B

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, Nathalis comprende dos especies descritas: N. iole y N. plauta. Autores previos no describieron detalladamente su distribución meridional y fallaron en la diferenciación de ambas especies basado en sus caracteres genitales. Algunos caracteres de su diseño alar habían sido suficientes para separarlas, pero su co-especificidad pudo ser una posibilidad. Estas habitan en Colombia, por arriba de los 2000 m en el páramo, y tienen una distribución vicariante desde poblaciones remanentes de N. iole en las Antillas y en Centro y Norteamérica. Un análisis de la variación de los genitales masculinos y femeninos, así como del diseño alar de más de 100 especímenes de los Andes Colombianos (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta y Sierra de Perijá y México, indica que las dos especies difieren en sus genitales, y considerando su distribución alopátrida, nosotros confirmamos la distinción específica entre N. iole y N. plauta. Describimos una nueva subespecie endémica encontrada exclusivamente en el páramo por encima de los 3000 m, un área en donde se dan otros endemismos. Las especies de Nathalis presentan plasticidad fenotípica debida a factores ambientales.The taxonomy and distribution of Nathalis (Lepidoptera: Pieridae in Colombia. In Colombia, Nathalis has two described species: N. iole and N. plauta. Previous authors did not make detailed descriptions of its distribution in meridional regions and failed to differentiate both species based on genitalic characters. Some wing marks have been enough to separate them, but co-specificity was a possibility. They inhabit Colombia above 2000 m in the paramo, and have a vicariant distribution from the remaining population of N. iole in the Antillean and Central and North America. An analysis focused on male and female genitalia, as well as the wing pattern of more than 100 specimens from the Colombian Andes (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Sierra de Perijá and Mexico, indicates that the

  5. LA PAROLA E IL SILENZIO IN VIRGINIA WOOLF E NATHALIE SARRAUTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Federici

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available L’idea della creazione letteraria come equivalente verbale di una realtà altra, come trasposizione dall’ordine della sensazione o del pensiero all’ordine della parola, accomuna la concezione estetica di Virginia Woolf a quella di Nathalie Sarraute. Ambedue le scrittrici manifestano una smisurata fascinazione nei confronti del linguaggio pur non perdendone di vista i limiti e le manchevolezze, che rendono necessario lo sforzo di  ricondurlo alle sue origini preverbali, emotive, pulsionali. L’enfasi, infatti, è posta sull’incommensurabilità tra una realtà fluttuante e amorfa quale è l’universo psichico, o la labilità delle impressioni, e la fissità, la rigidezza, la linearità del medium linguistico, che rischia in ogni momento di immobilizzare e devitalizzare la sensazione o il pensiero di cui è espressione. Entrambe le autrici esplorano dunque le potenzialità della sfera del nondetto, di quel silenzio che talvolta possiede un valore comunicativo superiore a quello della parola e ne evidenzia/compensa i limiti, manifestando una assenza e al contempo un surplus di significato. Lo stile di Virginia Woolf e di Nathalie Sarraute si farà quindi vago e allusivo, secondo un’estetica dell’indeterminatezza e dell’incompiuto (data, tra l’altro, dall’uso pervasivo dell’ellissi e dei puntini di sospensione finalizzata a congiungere la sfera psichica e la realtà del linguaggio, anche tramite la sua assenza.

  6. Vanglateenistuse enesekaitsekoolitus / Henri Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Henri

    2014-01-01

    Vanglateenistus korraldab Tartus, Tallinnas ja Jõhvis enesekaitsekoolitusi gümnaasiumiõpilastele. Jakob Westholmi abiturient Henri Palm on osalenud treeningutel osalenud kolm aastat ning jagab kogemusi

  7. Nathalie Munier-Jolain promue Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur

    OpenAIRE

    Munier-Jolain, Nathalie

    2016-01-01

    Notre collègue Nathalie Munier-Jolain, Directrice de Recherche à l’Inra Dijon, a été faite Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur le 17 octobre 2016. C’est Alain Bonnin, Président de l’Université de Bourgogne, qui lui a remis cette distinction au Centre Inra de Dijon Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. De nombreuses personnalités du monde de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche étaient présentes, ainsi que des autorités représentant l’Etat et les collectivités.

  8. William Henry Perkin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. William Henry Perkin. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 15 Issue 9 September 2010 pp 856-859 Classics. Dyeing Fabrics · William Henry Perkin · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  9. In conversation: Henry Mintzberg

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stephen Bernhut

    2000-01-01

      An interview with Henry Mintzberg is presented. Mintzberg is one of the world's leading management thinkers, and the author of 11 books on management, including the forthcoming Managing publicly...

  10. Henry Ford Health Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry Ford Health Systems evolved from a hospital into a system delivering care to 2.5 million patients and includes the Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Program, which focuses on epidemiologic and public health aspects of cancer.

  11. Hollandi paviljon Hannoveri maailmanäitusel EXPO 2000 : Uus Loodus = Dutch Pavilion at EXPO 2000 in Hannover : New Nature / Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maas, Winy

    2000-01-01

    Hollandi paviljon - näide looduse ja tehnoloogia segunemisest. Projekteerija: MVRDV. Arhitektid Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries; kaasa töötasid Stefan Witteman, Jaap van Dijk, Chrisoph Schindler, Kristina Adsersen, Rüdiger Kreiselmayer

  12. Diseño de un plan para el mejoramiento de la productividad caso Empresa Nathaly Tejidos

    OpenAIRE

    Cedeño Zambrano, Alejandra Yadira; Sosa Paredes, Mercedes de Jesús

    2015-01-01

    In the textile market is important to consider strategic tools that are related to the efficiency of processes and basically lies in the methodology that provides lean manufacturing. Given this background, the purpose of this case study is to suggest the factory Nathaly Tejidos, designing a plan for improving productivity, based on the methodology of lean manufacturing in order to contribute to continuous improvement in its processes productive, achieving higher levels of quality, reducing...

  13. Bragg, Prof. William Henry

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1935 Honorary. Bragg, Prof. William Henry Nobel Laureate (Physics) - 1915. Date of birth: 2 July 1862. Date of death: 10 March 1972 ... Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach. Math and Finance ...

  14. HENRY'S "HAND OF GOD"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Kaluđerović

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author discusses the views and statements of the French football player Thierry Henry he gave after his illegal play during the playoff match between France and the Republic of Ireland to claim one of the final spots in the World Cup 2010 in South Africa. First, by controlling the ball with his hand before passing it on for the goal Henry has shown disregard for the constitutive rules of football. Then, by stating that he is "not a referee" he demonstrated that for some players rules are not inherent to football and that they can be relativized, given that for them winning is the goal of the highest ontological status. Furthermore, he has rejected the rules of sportsmanship, thus expressing his opinion that the opponents are just obstacles which have to be removed in order to achieve your goals. Henry's action has disrupted major moral values, such as justice, honesty, responsibility and beneficence. The rules of fair play have totally been ignored both in Henry's action and in the Football Association of France's unwillingness to comment on whether a replay should take place. They have ignored one of the basic principles stated in the "Declaration of the International Fair Play Committee", according to which, fair play is much more than playing to the rules of the game; it's about the attitude of the sportsperson. It's about respecting your opponent and preserving his or her physical and psychological integrity. Finally, the author believes that the rules, moral values and fair play in football are required for this game to become actually possible to play

  15. HENRY'S "HAND OF GOD"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Kaluđerović

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author discusses the views and statements of the French football player Thierry Henry he gave after his illegal play during the playoff match between France and the Republic of Ireland to claim one of the final spots in the World Cup 2010 in South Africa. First, by controlling the ball with his hand before passing it on for the goal Henry has shown disregard for the constitutive rules of football. Then, by stating that he is "not a referee" he demonstrated that for some players rules are not inherent to football and that they can be relativized, given that for them winning is the goal of the highest ontological status. Furthermore, he has rejected the rules of sportsmanship, thus expressing his opinion that the opponents are just obstacles which have to be removed in order to achieve your goals. Henry's action has disrupted major moral values, such as justice, honesty, responsibility and beneficence. The rules of fair play have totally been ignored both in Henry's action and in the Football Association of France's unwillingness to comment on whether a replay should take place. They have ignored one of the basic principles stated in the "Declaration of the International Fair Play Committee", according to which, fair play is much more than playing to the rules of the game; it's about the attitude of the sportsperson. It's about respecting your opponent and preserving his or her physical and psychological integrity. Finally, the author believes that the rules, moral values and fair play in football are required for this game to become actually possible to play.

  16. Henry Gray, plagiarist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Ruth

    2016-03-01

    The first edition of Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical (1858) was greeted with accolades, but also provoked serious controversy concerning Henry Gray's failure to acknowledge the work of earlier anatomists. A review in the Medical Times (1859) accused Gray of intellectual theft. The journal took the unusual step of substantiating its indictment by publishing twenty parallel texts from Gray and from a pre-existing textbook, Quain's Anatomy. At the recent "Vesalius Continuum" conference in Zakynthos, Greece (2014) Professor Brion Benninger disputed the theft by announcing from the floor the results of a computer analysis of both texts, which he reported exonerated Gray by revealing no evidence of plagiarism. The analysis has not been forthcoming, however, despite requests. Here the historian of Gray's Anatomy supplements the argument set out in the Medical Times 150 years ago with data suggesting unwelcome personality traits in Henry Gray, and demonstrating the utility of others' work to his professional advancement. Fair dealing in the world of anatomy and indeed the genuineness of the lustre of medical fame are important matters, but whether quantitative evidence has anything to add to the discussion concerning Gray's probity can be assessed only if Benninger makes public his computer analysis. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Louis-Jean Calvet, Pierre Chartier, Philippe Corcuff, Nathalie Heinich, Pierre Bourdieu. Son oeuvre, son héritage

    OpenAIRE

    Coavoux, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    Édition augmentée d'un numéro spécial du magazine Sciences Humaines consacré au sociologue disparu, ce petit livre constitue une introduction didactique et plutôt mesurée, mais un peu sommaire, au travail et à la pensée de Pierre Bourdieu. Sa table des matières ne doit pas faire illusion  : si l'on y trouve des sociologues entretenant des rapports aussi divers à cette pensée que Bernard Lahire, Nathalie Heinich ou Alain Touraine, le livre ne se veut pas tant le lieu d'un débat sur son héritag...

  18. Henry Giroux and the Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trend, David

    2012-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux is well known for pushing the definitions of education. From his early forays into what has been termed the "New Sociology of Education" in the early 1980s to his more recent discussions of "public pedagogy", Giroux has methodically challenged existing orthodoxies. This essay will focus on the interdisciplinary broadening of…

  19. O legado de Henry Kissinger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAULO ROBERTO DE ALMEIDA

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca analisar criticamente a importância e o legado do ex-secretário de Estado e ex-Conselheiro de Segurança Internacional dos EUA Henry Kissinger, figura emblemática e multifacetada.

  20. Joseph Henry and the Telegraph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hochfelder, David

    1997-04-01

    Morse's telegraph rested upon three scientific advances which occured between 1800 and 1830: the development of battery technology, the formulation of laws governing the behavior of electrical components in circuits, and the discovery of electromagnetic phenomena. Joseph Henry was crucial to the development of the early telegraph. His work on electromagnetism made it possible for the electric current to manifest itself as useful mechanical work. Henry developed electromagnets of sufficient lifting power, but which drew relatively small currents; these magnets were the heart of Morse's telegraph receiver. Morse also used electromagnets as relays, which allowed him to transmit signals over great distances. Morse often acknowledged his debt to Henry, and the two enjoyed a cordial working relationship until the mid-1840s. But during the bitter and protracted litigation over Morse's patent, Henry testified (unwillingly, he claimed) against the inventor. This began a lifelong quarrel between the two men, the specifics of which were tedious and petty. In general terms, however, their conflict arose over different notions regarding scientific discovery and technological innovation.

  1. [The Henry E. Huntington Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Terry

    The biographical sketch of Henry E. Huntington includes a description of the establishment of the Huntington Library and the purpose and scope of its collection. Although this is a free and public library, its use is restricted to qualified scholars having legitimate research needs. Photographic techniques were developed at the Huntington Library…

  2. MOUNT HENRY ROADLESS AREA, MONTANA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Loenen, Richard E.; Conyac, Martin D.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Mount Henry Roadless Area, Lincoln County, Montana, was conducted. A small area located along the southwest boundary was determined to have a probable mineral-resource potential for low-grade deposits of stratabound copper and silver. There is little possibility for locatable mineral, coal, oil, gas, and geothermal resources in the remainder of the area. There are no mines, prospects, or records of mineral production within the roadless area.

  3. The Henry's constant of monochloramine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Miguel A; Anderson, Michael A

    2018-02-01

    Monochloramine is a secondary disinfectant used in drinking water and is also formed in chlorinated wastewater. While known to hydrolyze over time and react with dissolved organic matter, its partitioning between the aqueous and gas phase has not been extensively studied. Preliminary experiments demonstrated that monochloramine concentrations in solutions open to the atmosphere or actively aerated decreased more rapidly than in sealed solutions, indicating significant losses to the atmosphere. For example, a monochloramine solution open to the atmosphere yielded a loss rate constant of 0.08 d-1, a value twice that for sealed samples without headspace (0.04 d-1) where loss occurs exclusively as a result of hydrolysis. A solution aerated at 10 mL s-1 had a loss rate constant nearly 10× greater than that for hydrolysis alone (0.35 d-1). To better understand partitioning of monochloramine to the gas phase and potential for volatilization, the dimensionless Henry's law constants of monochloramine (KH) were determined using an equilibrium headspace technique at five different temperatures (11, 16, 21, 27, and 32 °C). The resulting values ranged from 8 × 10-3 to 4 × 10-2, indicating a semi-volatile compound, and were found to be consistent with quantitative structure activity relationship predictions. At 20 °C, monochloramine exhibits a dimensionless Henry's constant of about 1.7 × 10-2 which is 35 times greater than ammonia but comparable to the Henry's constant of inorganic semi-volatile compounds such sulfur dioxide. The Henry's constant values for monochloramine suggests that volatilization could be a relevant loss process in open systems such as rivers receiving chlorinated wastewater effluent, swimming pools and cooling towers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. The Don Henry Story. Teaching with Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    Don Henry was a student at the University of Kansas (Lawrence, Kansas) who experienced a profound political change during his years on campus. Henry became a leader in radical campus organizations, volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War with the Lincoln Brigade, and died on the battlefield in Aragon (Spain) in September 1937. An article in…

  5. Os fantasmas e a revolução: uma leitura de "Descente de médiums", de Nathalie Quintane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Drigo Agostinho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pretendemos neste texto tratar da relação entre literatura, teoria e política na obra de Nathalie Quintane. O livro em questão, Descente de médiums, discute, a partir do espiritismo a relação entre literatura, pensamento e política, buscando criticar toda perspectiva centrada numa crença em nome de uma relação entre literatura e realidade reconfigurada. Trata-se de discutir, no interior da literatura, a relevância política desta ou pensá-la como uma decisão num cenário pós-morte do autor. Salientaremos não apenas as novidades teóricas desta escrita para a crítica literária, bem como as experiências narrativas que reconstroem uma nova literatura engajada.

  6. Donna Haraway, Manifeste cyborg et autres essais. Sciences-Fictions-Féminismes. Anthologie établie par Laurence Allard, Delphine Gardey et Nathalie Magnan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irène Jami

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Il faut saluer l’heureuse initiative et la qualité de la réalisation de Laurence Allard, Delphine Gardey et Nathalie Magnan, relayées par les éditions Exils : mettre à notre disposition en français, et dans une langue claire et agréable en dépit de la difficulté de l’entreprise de traduction, des textes parmi les plus significatifs de l’œuvre de Donna Haraway. Après Judith Butler et Teresa de Lauretis, nous voici donc en mesure de nous familiariser – avec dix à vingt ans de délai, mais ce n’e...

  7. THE MELANCHOLY OF HENRY MORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Thorley

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article treats Henry More’s philosophical approach to melancholy and his personal experience of the disease. Koen Vermeir argues that, in approaching the imagination philosophically, More was performing a 'balancing act' between addressing the subject as a medium between soul and body, and regarding it as a non-corporeal vehicle of reason and the spirit. 'In his life', Vermeir adds, 'More was also performing a balancing act': both an opponent of and subject to enthusiasm. In this article, I give closer scrutiny to that balancing act, charting the points of distinction and overlap between More’s philosophy of and encounters with melancholy. In the search for relief for his symptoms, I argue, More deployed two significant (and related techniques: practicing philosophy and engaging in epistolary correspondence.

  8. Henry's law constants of polyols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compernolle, S.; Müller, J.-F.

    2014-12-01

    Henry's law constants (HLC) are derived for several polyols bearing between 2 and 6 hydroxyl groups, based on literature data for water activity, vapour pressure and/or solubility. While deriving HLC and depending on the case, also infinite dilution activity coefficients (IDACs), solid state vapour pressures or activity coefficient ratios are obtained as intermediate results. An error analysis on the intermediate quantities and the obtained HLC is included. For most compounds, these are the first values reported, while others compare favourably with literature data in most cases. Using these values and those from a previous work (Compernolle and Müller, 2014), an assessment is made on the partitioning of polyols, diacids and hydroxy acids to droplet and aqueous aerosol.

  9. Henry's law constants of polyols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Compernolle

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Henry's law constants (HLC are derived for several polyols bearing between 2 and 6 hydroxyl groups, based on literature data for water activity, vapour pressure and/or solubility. While deriving HLC and depending on the case, also infinite dilution activity coefficients (IDACs, solid state vapour pressures or activity coefficient ratios are obtained as intermediate results. An error analysis on the intermediate quantities and the obtained HLC is included. For most compounds, these are the first values reported, while others compare favourably with literature data in most cases. Using these values and those from a previous work (Compernolle and Müller, 2014, an assessment is made on the partitioning of polyols, diacids and hydroxy acids to droplet and aqueous aerosol.

  10. Henrys Fork near Ashton, ID (YHEN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — Henrys Fork near Ashton, Idaho (YHEN) Sample Collection: Samples were collected near the USGS stream gage 13046000 (Latitude 44°04'11", Longitude 111°30'38" NAD83)....

  11. Obituary: Henry Emil Kandrup, 1955-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merritt, David; Gottesman, Stephen T.

    2004-12-01

    Henry Emil Kandrup died on 18 October 2003 at his home in Gainesville Florida. Henry was a theoretical astrophysicist specializing in the application of chaotic dynamics to stellar systems. At the time of his death, Henry was a Professor at the University of Florida where he had taught for 13 years. Henry was born in Manhasset, New York on July 24, 1955 and spent most of his childhood in Great Neck. His parents, Jytte and Fred, were immigrants from Denmark where his father had worked as a silver smith. Henry was a precocious child, skipping both third and fifth grades. With the help of Sidney Spivack, a professor of sociology at Columbia University, his parents enrolled Henry in the Brooks Preparatory School in Andover, Massachusetts. After graduating at age 16, Henry enrolled at Cornell, transferring to Princeton the following year. Henry's parents adored their only child and worked hard to provide him with intellectual opportunities. Henry became an accomplished musician (organ, piano, French horn) and linguist (English, Danish, German) and was a passionate devotee of opera and ballet. Henry received his PhD in 1980 from the University of Chicago, where his thesis advisor was James Ipser. He taught at Oakland University in Michigan and Syracuse University in New York before coming to the University of Florida in 1990. Henry was sui generis. He shunned conventionality in his personal appearance and in his public demeanor, and always chose forthrightness and candor over polite silence. But to those of us who knew Henry well, his bluntness was a reflection of his intellectual consistency. Henry always said exactly what he thought, both in his published work and his public presentations, and never compromised himself for the sake of appearances. Nothing that he said or wrote was less than fully thought out. Henry's PhD thesis was entitled "Stochastic Problems in Stellar Dynamics," and most of his subsequent research was in this field. Motion in stellar systems can be

  12. Henri-Jean Hugot (1916 -2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Amblard-Pison, Sylvie; Nantet, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Henri-Jean Hugot nous a quittés le dimanche 8 juin 2014, dans sa 98e année. Né à Paris en 1916, il consacra sa vie à l’Afrique et plus spécialement au Sahara dont il devint l’un des spécialistes. Vie longue et riche, au parcours impossible à retracer en quelques lignes, dont nous tenons néanmoins à souligner ici quelques aspects. Figure 1 – Henri-Jean Hugot en 1973 (Akreijit, Dhar Tichitt) © B. Nantet À l’instar de Théodore Monod, Raymond Mauny et Jean Devisse, Henri Hugot faisait partie de ...

  13. Kolmanda maailma raudteekunn / Henry Posner ; interv. Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Posner, Henry

    2005-01-01

    Raudteeärimees Henry Posner III, kes kuulub ka Eesti Raudtee omanikeringi, oma äritegevusest, sealhulgas investeeringutest Eestisse. Suhtumisest raudteeturu avamisse. Lisa: Henry Posner mängib rongidega maailma hämarates nurkades

  14. Transcendentalism and Henry Barnard's "School Architecture"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothfork, John

    1977-01-01

    Sketches the intellectual and sociological climate that led Henry Barnard to advocate Greek Revival architecture for school buildings, takes a look at why this style and its implicit values were popular in the era between 1820-1860, and examines a few of the plans in Barnard's "School Architecture" (1838-48). (Author/RK)

  15. Contaminant Monitoring Strategy for Henrys Lake, Idaho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John S. Irving; R. P. Breckenridge

    1992-12-01

    Henrys Lake, located in southeastern Idaho, is a large, shallow lake (6,600 acres, {approx} 17.1 feet maximum depth) located at 6,472 feet elevation in Fremont Co., Idaho at the headwaters of the Henrys Fork of the Snake River. The upper watershed is comprised of high mountains of the Targhee National Forest and the lakeshore is surrounded by extensive flats and wetlands, which are mostly privately owned. The lake has been dammed since 1922, and the upper 12 feet of the lake waters are allocated for downriver use. Henrys Lake is a naturally productive lake supporting a nationally recognized ''Blue Ribbon'' trout fishery. There is concern that increasing housing development and cattle grazing may accelerate eutrophication and result in winter and early spring fish kills. There has not been a recent thorough assessment of lake water quality. However, the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is currently conducting a study of water quality on Henrys Lake and tributary streams. Septic systems and lawn runoff from housing developments on the north, west, and southwest shores could potentially contribute to the nutrient enrichment of the lake. Many houses are on steep hillsides where runoff from lawns, driveways, etc. drain into wetland flats along the lake or directly into the lake. In addition, seepage from septic systems (drainfields) drain directly into the wetlands enter groundwater areas that seep into the lake. Cattle grazing along the lake margin, riparian areas, and uplands is likely accelerating erosion and nutrient enrichment. Also, cattle grazing along riparian areas likely adds to nutrient enrichment of the lake through subsurface flow and direct runoff. Stream bank and lakeshore erosion may also accelerate eutrophication by increasing the sedimentation of the lake. Approximately nine streams feed the lake (see map), but flows are often severely reduced or completely eliminated due to irrigation diversion. In addition, subsurface

  16. Analyse des conditions de la célébrité en régime médiatique : une mise au point salutaire de Nathalie Heinich

    OpenAIRE

    Vander Gucht, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Nathalie Heinich nourrit depuis ses premiers travaux sur l’invention de la figure moderne de l’artiste, qui constitua l’objet de sa thèse doctorale soutenue sous la direction de Pierre Bourdieu jusqu’à son dernier ouvrage en date qui nous occupe ici, un intérêt constant à l’endroit de la question de la notoriété en tant que manifestation du statut social, soit de la reconnaissance et de la représentation sociale de l’artiste. Son exemplaire étude consacrée à Vincent Van Gogh marque une inflex...

  17. Henri Fayol and Zero Tolerance Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Lee SCHIMMOELLER

    2012-01-01

    Zero tolerance policies have been increasingly popular in both education and business. Henri Fayol was the one of the earliest and influential thinkers in modern management theory. He defined management as a body of knowledge and defined his 14 administrative principles. It is an interesting exercise to apply Fayol’s teachings to the theory of zero tolerance and attempt to determine what Fayol would think of this new management technique.

  18. Henry P. McKean Jr. selecta

    CERN Document Server

    Moerbeke, Pierre; Moll, Victor

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents a selection of papers by Henry P. McKean, which illustrate the various areas in mathematics in which he has made seminal contributions. Topics covered include probability theory, integrable systems, geometry and financial mathematics. Each paper represents a contribution by Prof. McKean, either alone or together with other researchers, that has had a profound influence in the respective area.

  19. Henri Vetch and His French Bookstore Peking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiang Lei

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on enormous firsthand materials as journals, memoirs, newspapers, correspondences, archives, bibliographies and books etc., this article tries to clarify some important aspects concerning Henri Vetch and his French Bookstore Peking such as when Henri Vetch took over his father Francis Vetch’s La Librairie Francaise and established his own French Bookstore Peking, how its inner structure worked and what its major businesses covered. By doing so, the author tells the story of the French Bookstore Peking: how it had witnessed the vicissitudes of its time and its own, how it had contributed to the cultural exchange and communication between China and the West through its daily business activities such as book retails, consignments, purchases on demand, and publication of books on various aspects of China in English and other languages written by distinguished western sinologists and authors. In all, this article makes efforts to explore the publishing history of an individual-Henri Vetch from 1930 to 1953, whose publishing house, the French Bookstore Peking, served both for an academic club and a private library, and had played an active role in the cultural life of Beijing or even the whole China during that time. [Article content in Chinese

  20. Compilation of Henry's law constants, version 3.99

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, R.

    2014-11-01

    Many atmospheric chemicals occur in the gas phase as well as in liquid cloud droplets and aerosol particles. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the distribution between the phases. According to Henry's law, the equilibrium ratio between the abundances in the gas phase and in the aqueous phase is constant for a dilute solution. Henry's law constants of trace gases of potential importance in environmental chemistry have been collected and converted into a uniform format. The compilation contains 14775 values of Henry's law constants for 3214 species, collected from 639 references. It is also available on the internet at law.org">http://www.henrys-law.org.

  1. Henri Tamm : algul küsiti mult kogu aeg autogrammi / Henri Tamm ; interv. Ada Kallam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Henri

    2005-01-01

    Draamaseriaali "Kodu keset linna" lapsnäitleja. Lisaks kolleegid Henrist : M. Veinmann "Tekst on tal esimesena peas", K. Maibaum "Võrdväärne partner suurtele". Artikkel pealkirjaga "Henri Tamm : nüüd saan veidi puhkust" : Linnaleht nr. 22, 3. juuni 2005, A2-A3

  2. Henry Fuseli’s Alternative Classicism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Myrone

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The review considers Andrei Pop’s Antiquity, Theatre & The Painting of Henry Fuseli. This argues for the history painter and writer Fuseli as an exemplary ‘Neopagan’, a term coined by Pop to refer to the new sense of cultural pluralism and historical relativism which emerged in Europe after the discovery of the remains of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 1748. While this perspective offers a fresh view of the artist, relating him to the emergence of modernity, and illuminates some important aspects of his work, the reviewer also suggests that the monographic focus risks re-asserting a sense of Fuseli’s exceptionalism.

  3. HENRY C. WALLICH: A THIRD GENERATION BANKER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saul Engelbourg

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Born in Germany and descendant of a wealthy banking family, Henry C. Wallich emigrated to the United States like others of Jewish ancestry who fled during the 1930s. A professor of money and banking at Yale for two decades, Wallich capped his career as a Governor of the Federal Reserve. During the stagflation of the late 1960s, Wallich, a dissenter, tirelessly advocated tighter monetary policy to stem inflation. Always a scholar, Wallich published extensively; he also served as the Fed’s public spokesman. Owing to his Harvard doctorate and his eminence as an economist, Wallich knew everyone worth knowing in the economics profession.

  4. La poetica del tradurre di Henri Meschonnic

    OpenAIRE

    Mattioli, Emilio

    2003-01-01

    La poetica del tradurre ha nell’opera di Henri Meschonnic una importanza capitale e, nello stesso tempo, rappresenta una delle posizioni più nuove e originali nell’ambito della teoria del tradurre. Poétique du traduire, Verdier, Lagrasse, 1999, è l’opera più vasta, con le sue 478 pagine, dedicata da Meschonnic a quest’argomento, ma non può assolutamente esser presa in considerazione isolatamente, è soltanto nel complesso dell’attività di questo pensatore che trova il suo sig...

  5. The medical life of Henry Norman Bethune

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deslauriers, Jean; Goulet, Denis

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Henry Norman Bethune is one of the most exciting and incredible surgeons that Canada has ever produced. Indeed, he is often characterized as one of the world’s best-known surgeons. He was an innovator and his scientific contributions have stood the test of time. In Canada, he will forever be remembered as a social activist committed to the welfare of the poor and to the reform of the health care system. In the People’s Republic of China, he is idolized and remains the only foreigner to ever become a national hero. OBJECTIVE: To detail the numerous and significant achievements of Henry Norman Bethune in the field of thoracic surgery and as a social activist and describe his heroic war-time actions on the battlefields of both Spain and China. METHOD: Information was gathered through the reading of the numerous publications written about the life and work of Bethune, interviews with knowledgeable people from Canadian and Chinese universities, analysis of Bethune’s own publications, and extensive experience of one of the authors in China. RESULTS: In the social sense, Henry Norman Bethune had a difficult personality, but he was deeply caring about the plight of his patients, especially the poor. As a thoracic surgeon, he could be ingenious, thoughtful and effective but he could also be abrasive, restless and temperamental. His scientific contributions were sound and, at the time, gained worldwide attention. As an activist, he led a crusade to reform the Canadian health care system, demanding free health care for all. His outstanding work during the Spanish Civil War, where he organized the first ever mobile blood transfusion unit, and during the Sino-Japanese war, where he was totally committed to the welfare of both soldiers and civilian population, were deliberate acts of resistance against Fascist onslaught and enthusiasm for the Communist cause. CONCLUSIONS: Henry Norman Bethune was unconventional and a revolutionary, but he was brilliant. He will

  6. Henry Clay et la South American Question.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Henry

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available In March 1818 the Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay raised the question of recognition of the new Spanish‑American Republics in the House by presenting a resolution making an appropriation for a minister to Buenos Aires. This article argues that beyond the debate that took place in Congress about whether to recognize or not the new governments in Spanish America, what really divided the Representatives was opposing visions of future relations between North and South America in the post‑revolutionary period.

  7. Dialogue of Differences: The Writing of Henry Holmes Smith.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossen, Howard

    In addition to surveying the writings of Henry Holmes Smith, this paper explains his importance as a theoretician and practitioner of photography. After a discussion of Smith's ideas on "reading photographs" and his concerns with the ethics of photography, particularly of photojournalism, the essays in the book, "Henry Holmes Smith:…

  8. Memory Drum Theory's C Movement: Revelations from Franklin Henry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischman, Mark G.; Christina, Robert W.; Anson, J. Greg

    2008-01-01

    Franklin Henry's "memory drum" theory of neuromotor reaction (Henry & Rogers, 1960) was one of the most influential studies of the response programming stage of information processing. The paper is the most-cited study ever published in the "Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport." However, few people know there is a noteworthy error in the…

  9. Henry James – Modern Theoretician of Narration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra - Denisa IGNA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Henry James, properly named world writer, was one of the first modern novelists, with an exigent writing conscience. The American writer subverted the prejudgement of the omniscient author in favour of the narration which is centred on the characters’ point of view, thus modernising the novel before V. Woolf, Huxley, Thomas Mann, or in our case Camil Petrescu and G. Călinescu. Some bio-bibliographical information familiarises the reader with the life and work of this writer. The larger part of the article is dedicated to a case study of the novel with the metaphorical title: The Figure in the Carpet, where Henry James tries to illustrate in an artistic manner his conception regarding the profundity and ineffability of the literary creation. The conclusion which the author reaches, alternating the familiar plan of the relationship between a married couple with the esthetical plan, is that the relationship between writer and his work represents an act of fully intimacy, just like a ceremony that takes place in the wedding night

  10. Obituary: Henry Albers (1925-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chromey, Fred

    2011-12-01

    Henry Albers, professor of astronomy at Vassar College for over thirty years, died March 29, 2009, in Fairhope, Alabama. For his work at Vassar, where he held the Maria Mitchell Chair, Albers received the first Maria Mitchell Women in Science Award for his inspiration of women astronomers. He said "In the final analysis it is the students who bring the joy into teaching." As a professional astronomer, Albers did observational work on Galactic structure in the southern Milky Way, and on the structure of the Magellanic Clouds. In retirement, Albers published Maria Mitchell - A Life in Journals and Letters, the firsthand account of America's first woman astronomer. Albers's research was on photographic near-infrared spectroscopy of red giant stars in the southern Milky Way, some proper motion studies, and on the structure of the Magellanic Clouds. A series of seven NSF grants supported his six trips to Chile to make spectroscopic observations, as well as his sabbatical collaborations at Minnesota, Leiden, and the Royal Observatory in Edinburgh. Henry Albers arrived at Vassar in 1958, to find an astronomy program that had been recently absorbed by the physics department, and that was suffering neglect after the retirement of Maud Makemson. For the next 31 years, with incredible energy -- he sometimes taught seven courses a year -- he built the astronomy program into one double in size (from one to two tenure lines), whose th century facilities have been replaced with a st century observatory. For a remarkable stretch of 20-some-years, Albers and physicist Bob Stearns, with considerable grace, alternated chairmanship of the joint department of physics and astronomy. Henry Albers was a devoted citizen of Vassar College and an enthusiastic participant in the process of faculty governance at that institution. He would have been the first to concede that his enthusiasm was sometimes excessive, and that his contributions at faculty meetings occasionally failed to move the

  11. Transplant cost-report tracking at Henry Ford Transplant Institute and other centers nationwide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beach-Langlois, Marianne; Yankasky, Pamela

    2011-06-01

    The lack of uniformity in the reporting of direct and indirect costs by organ acquisition cost centers, diagnosis-related groups, and in physician reimbursement often results in Medicare overpayment and findings of unjustified charges in audits conducted by the Office of the Inspector General. Although it is true that organ transplantation costs vary widely, uniform cost-report accounting is needed. Henry Ford Transplant Institute has developed systematic auditing protocols that result in acceptable compliance with Medicare. The differences between those protocols and the methods used elsewhere are illustrated by the results of a national survey of transplant centers. The survey addresses 10 crucial questions, drawn from the cost-reporting model used at Henry Ford Transplant Institute. Setting-Surveys were distributed via the United Network for Organ Sharing listserv, with replies from 43 centers. The participants were transplant administrators. Several important practices that are audited by the Office of the Inspector General were not followed by a number of reporting institutions. About 30% did not account for pretransplant charges, 15% did not track pretransplant services, 40% do not use an external consultant, and the frequency of physician time studies varied. On the other hand, the vast majority of institutions perform frequent time studies and manually review pretransplant charges. These results suggest that most centers use accounting methods similar to those used at Henry Ford Transplant Institute, which will significantly improve recognition of pretransplantation costs.

  12. Guy V. Henry: A Study in Military Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-13

    retired.17 1 Although Henry remained in command of Fort Myer, his promotion severed his formal attachment to the 9th Cavalry. In his farewell message to...3 Henry’s welcome in Vermont was as warm as his farewell from St. Louis was cold. Many New Englanders recalled with great fondness the 139 Colonel’s...the.U.S. Military Acade y Annual Reunion, June 12, 190, -. pp. 76-79. 85 " Mourn Gen. Henry’s Death,’ New York Times, October 29, 1899; ’Guardsmen

  13. James McHenry, MD: physician, patriot, politician and poet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, Allen D; Kavaler, Florence

    2003-08-01

    James McHenry emigrated from Ireland to the American colonies in 1771. He studied medicine with Dr. Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia and immediately volunteered as an Army surgeon when the Revolutionary War began. After serving in the medical department in Massachusetts, New York and at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, he became an aide to General George Washington and subsequently an aide to the Marquis de Lafayette. President Washington appointed McHenry Secretary of War and he continued in that post under president John Adams. While Secretary, he revised military regulations, established a professional standing Army, pacified the Indians, enlarged the naval forces, organized the armed forces under civilian authority and initiated plans for a military academy. Baltimore's Fort Whetstone was renamed Fort McHenry in his honor. During the War of 1812, Fort McHenry gained fame as the birthplace of the national anthem of the United States.

  14. INOVATION AND ANTREPRENEURIAL CREATIVITY BUSINESS DURING HENRY FORD

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    GHICAJANU MIHAELA

    2015-01-01

    .... I chose as a case study the the Ford brand products, because it is considered that Henry Ford is one of the greatest innovators and entrepreneurs of all time and I decided to present and to analyze these things...

  15. (TIQ) Thiazole and Oxazoline Ligands for Asymmetric Henry Reactions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    TIQ) backbone were synthesized. Their application in the catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction was investigated with comparison to a corresponding TIQ oxazoline ligand. The Cu(II)-oxazoline complex was more reactive and furnished moderate ...

  16. NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow Underway Meteorological Data, Quality Controlled

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow Underway Meteorological Data (delayed ~10 days for quality control) are from the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic...

  17. L'Abbe Henri Breuil: Archaeologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Guy Straus

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available In his otherwise excellent book, A History of Archaeological Thought, Trigger (1989: 156 makes only one passing reference in a half-sentence to the central figure in the development of Paleolithic prehistory in the first half of the 20th century -- and manages to get his name wrong, confusing Henri Breuil with his long-time, close colleague, Hugo Obenrnaie . Thirty years after his death, Breuil's role in the history of Old World prehistory required more serious consideration. He was a seminal figure not only in rock art studies, but also in the archaeology of at least France, Spain, England, Portugal, South Africa, and China. Before I had read Trigger's work or Sackett's (1991 critique of my supposed misinterpretation of Breuil's theoretical stance (e.g., Straus 1986, 1987, I had presented a review of Breuil's contributions in the 1991 Annual Snead-Wertheim Lecture in Anthropology and History at the University of New Mexico (Straus n.d.. The following is a brief summary of some of my conclusions.

  18. Henry Darcy in his own words

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobeck, Patricia

    2006-09-01

    A recently published English translation of the Les Fontaines publiques de la ville de Dijon1 provides access to Henry Darcy's own words on the importance of water for public sanitation and on questions engineers face in building water supply systems. Written near the end of Darcy's life, the book is a compendium of the water knowledge he had gained over decades and his opinions on these topics reveal his personality. In the 1840s, Darcy built a water supply system to provide water to 120 street fountains for domestic purposes, street washing and firefighting. Surrounded by poverty, Darcy insisted on free water for the poor and on sharing the spring water with towns located along the aqueduct that brought it to Dijon. In the preface to the book, Darcy introduces his experiment on water flow through sand with the modest words “to my knowledge, no one has experimentally demonstrated the laws of water flow through sand.” This article provides a sampling of the book's insights into the personality of this remarkable man.

  19. Henry Head and the Theatre of Reverie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany Watt-Smith

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1903, the neurologist Henry Head (1861-1940 embarked on a painful self-experiment, in which he severed the radial nerve of his left arm, and then charted the gradual and faltering return of sensitivity to the limb over the next four and a half years. To directly experience his own sensations, Head entered into a trance-like state of distraction or reverie he called a ‘negative attitude of attention’. This article explores Head’s peculiar technique for looking within, and argues that while introspection was an established strategy in psychological laboratories, Head’s reverie also resonated with techniques associated with actors and theatrical audiences during this period. Viewing psychological self-experimentation through the lens of theatre, this article makes visible aspects of Head’s embodied, affective laboratory encounters, often obscured in accounts of his experiment. At the same time, it proposes that the broader historical and cultural significance of Head’s experiment lies in his attempt to observe himself by producing states of inattention and reverie at will, mental ‘attitudes’ that were themselves the subject of a rapidly evolving debate in scientific and aesthetic circles at the turn of the twentieth century.

  20. James Henry Greathead and the London Underground

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Wright

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the origins and early history of the device known as the ‘Greathead Shield’, an important innovation in Victorian engineering crucial to constructing the London Underground. The aim is to explore the basis on which, many years later, a South African engineer, James Henry Greathead, was accorded prominent public acknowledgment, in the form of a statue, for ‘inventing’ the Shield. From a cultural studies perspective, how is the meaning of ‘invention’ to be understood, given that several other brilliant engineers were involved? The question is adjudicated using the notion of cultural ‘extelligence’, seen in relation to several contemporary and historical accounts, including Greathead’s own record of his achievements in the proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers and presented in The City and South London Railway (1896, edited by James Forrest. The paper was first delivered at the conference on ‘Novelty and Innovation in the Nineteenth Century’ held at the North-West University in May 2016.

  1. Henry's law constants of chlorinated solvents at elevated temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fei; Freedman, David L; Falta, Ronald W; Murdoch, Lawrence C

    2012-01-01

    Henry's law constants for 12 chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) were measured as a function of temperature ranging from 8 to 93°C, using the modified equilibrium partitioning in closed system (EPICS) method. The chlorinated compounds include tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, cis-1,2-dichloroethylene, vinyl chloride, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, chloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, dichloromethane, and chloromethane. The variation in Henry's constants for these compounds as a function of temperature ranged from around 3-fold (chloroethane) to 30-fold (1,2-dichloroethane). Aqueous solubilities of the pure compounds were measured over the temperature range of 8-75°C. The temperature dependence of Henry's constant was predicted using the ratio of pure vapor pressure to aqueous solubility, both of which are functions of temperature. The calculated Henry's constants are in a reasonable agreement with the measured results. With the improved data on Henry's law constants at high temperatures measured in this study, it will be possible to more accurately model subsurface remediation processes that operate near the boiling point of water. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  2. Science Advisor and Applied Physicist: Joseph Henry Serves His Country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberg, Marc

    1997-04-01

    When Joseph Henry accepted the postion of secretary of the Smithsonian in 1846, his career changed radically. Although he never ceased thinking of himself as a research scientist and educator, thereafter his chief roles were those of science administrator and advisor to both the executive and legislative branches of the federal government for both science and technology. His effectiveness as an advocate became more important than his skill as an experimental physicist. Even when he entered the laboratory, his role had changed. No longer was he concerned with basic research. As a member of various government boards and committees, Henry spent the last three decades of his life concerned with the application of fundamental knowledge for the improvement of the human condition. This paper will discuss Henry's service on behalf of his country.

  3. Exploring Henri Meschonnic’s Poetics of Translating

    OpenAIRE

    Kadiu, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Henri Meschonnic (1932–2009) is a relatively unknown figure in the Anglophone world. A French poet, linguist, and translator, he has authored several texts about translation, only one of which has been translated into English: Ethics and Politics of Translating (2011). Dr Marko Pajević’s exploration of Henri Meschonnic’s philosophy of language, given as a part of the UCL Translation in History lecture series on 23 October 2014, provided an informative introduction to the translation theory of...

  4. Henry Giroux on Democracy Unsettled: From Critical Pedagogy to the War on Youth--An Interview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    This interview conducted with Henry Giroux begins by probing Henry's childhood, upbringing and undergraduate years to discover where his sense of social justice took hold. It also questions Henry about his working-class background and the major influences on his thought, including his relationships with Paulo Freire and Howard Zinn. The interview…

  5. Writing, Self-realization and Community: Henry Muoria and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper traces the career of the Kenyan publicist and intellectual, Henry Muoria (1914-1997). Muoria was an active journalist, a friend and press secretary of Kenya's future president Jomo Kenyatta and, from 1945 to 1952, the editor of a nationalist newspaper Mumenyereri, written in Gikuyu, one of Kenya's major ...

  6. Comparison of the acute effects of Tulbaghia violacea William Henry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To assess the effect of the crude methanol leaf extracts of Tulbaghia violacea William Henry Harvey (Alliaceae) on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate in ageing normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY), and compare the results obtained with those for adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Methods: T.

  7. Driving into the Heart of Henry Giroux's Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Keith

    1996-01-01

    Muses on the power and intelligence of Henry Giroux as a composition theorist and pedagogue. Recounts Giroux's presentation at the 1993 Penn State Conference on Rhetoric and Composition and his categorizing of the "power dynamics" present at most institutions. Opts for "expressivist" pedagogy. (PA)

  8. The Transformative Intellectual: An Examination of Henry Giroux's Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashani, Tony

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Henry Giroux's contributions to critical pedagogy. The author demonstrates how Giroux, as a public intellectual, has found his Ethics in the right place. The author further argues that Giroux's Ethics of virtue are present not only in the public person but also in his transformative writing.

  9. The Hope of Radical Education: A Conversation with Henry Giroux.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Education, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Radical education is questioning institutions and assumptions about education. An interview presents ideas of the spokesperson, Henry Giroux. They include the following: (1) traditional thinkers have the wrong perception of education; (2) education should engender empowerment; (3) radical education goes beyond a Marxist perspective; and (4)…

  10. Kesknoored tegid visiidi Šveitsi / Henri Kaselo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaselo, Henri

    2005-01-01

    Keskerakonna noorte esindus külastas 20.-25. aprillini 2005 Šveitsi, et osaleda sealsete noorte liberaalide Jungfreisinnige Schweizi kongressil. Delegatsiooni kuulusid esimees Tarmo Lausing, välissekretär Olga Sõtnik, endine pressisekretär Raimond Kaljulaid ja noortekogu esimees Henri Kaselo

  11. George Henry Hepting: Pioneer Leader in Forest Pathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis B. Cowling; Arthur Kelman; Harry R. Powers

    1999-01-01

    George Henry Hepting grew up in the city environment of Brooklyn, but early in his life developed a deep love and scientific interest in forestry. He became America's most skilled scientist in the theory and practice of forest pathology. He studied how long-lived forest trees, unlike most plants, cope with the long-term changes in their biological, physical, and...

  12. Henri Poincaré: A Scientific Biography [Book Review

    OpenAIRE

    Sauer, Tilman

    2014-01-01

    It must have taken some courage to undertake the task of writing a scientific biography of a towering figure like Henri Poincaré. Jeremy Gray took on the challenge and has delivered a wonderful book. Poincaré (1854–1912) is considered one of the most influential mathematicians of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His oeuvre is vast and formidable.

  13. The John Henry wars | Berman | Marang: Journal of Language and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    academics, the former accusing the latter of ruining the legend through endless analysis. As the title suggests, these 'wars' over this national icon unearth the subtleties of the political economy of labor, the ironies of racial identity, and the intricate relationship between folklore and fiction. Keywords:folklore, John Henry

  14. Henri Poincaré a biography through the daily papers

    CERN Document Server

    Ginoux, Jean-Marc

    2014-01-01

    On July 17, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincaré's death was commemorated; his name being associated with so many fields of knowledge that he was considered as the Last Universalist. In Pure and Applied Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, Engineering and Philosophy, his works have had a great impact all over the world. Poincaré acquired in his lifetime such a reputation that, both nationally and internationally, his life and career were made the object of various articles in the daily papers not only in France, but also in the USA. Some of his philosophical concepts have even caused sharp controversies in the Press (as we will discover in this book).This work presents an original portrait of Henri Poincaré based on various press cuttings from The New York Times, The San Francisco Sunday Call, The Times, The Sun, The Washington Post that chronicled unknown anecdotes of his life (for example, his first name was actually not Henri, but Henry; he obtained his high school diploma in sciences with a zero in mathem...

  15. The Failed Educations of John Stuart Mill and Henry Adams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossley, Robert

    1979-01-01

    Analyzes and contrasts Mill's "Autobiography" and Adams'"The Education of Henry Adams" in order to present two approaches to the nature of education and of failure. Maintains that their perspectives may serve as catalysts and cautions for contemporary theories of education and its utility and relevance. (CAM)

  16. A special issue for Henri Poincaré

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhulst, Ferdinand|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/068380437; Wepster, S.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304831565

    One hundred years ago, on 17 July 1912, Henri Poincare died at the age of only 58 years. He had been unusually productive with fundamental results in mathematics, physics and astronomy, and he can be regarded as one of the most important mathematical physicists of all times; his work had a major

  17. Henry's law constants for dimethylsulfide in freshwater and seawater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dacey, J. W. H.; Wakeham, S. G.; Howes, B. L.

    1984-01-01

    Distilled water and several waters of varying salinity were subjected, over a 0-32 C temperature range, to measurements for Henry's law constants for dimethylsulfide. Values for distilled water and seawater of the solubility parameters A and C are obtained which support the concept that the concentration of dimethylsulfide in the atmosphere is far from equilibrium with seawater.

  18. Potential Beneficial Effects of Tulbaghia violacea William Henry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tulbaghia violacea William Henry Harvey (Harv. Alliaceae) is a small bulbous herb belonging to the family Alliaceae. It is used in South Africa to treat fever, colds, asthma, paralysis, and hypertension. Meanwhile, cardiovascular disease accounts for about 30 % of total global death, with most of these deaths occurring in low ...

  19. Unlikely reformer: Dr Henry Calvert Barnett (1832-1897).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martyr, Philippa

    2017-10-01

    To provide a brief biography of Western Australian colonial lunacy superintendent Dr Henry Calvert Barnett. A range of primary sources were consulted. Barnett was a complex man: a caring and forward-thinking practitioner who had a colourful and turbulent private life. Barnett's contribution to mental health service development in Western Australia was genuine and worthwhile, and should be recognised.

  20. Henry Odera Oruka, Ecophilosophy and Climate Change | Attfield ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this paper is to explore what Henry Odera Oruka, a renowned ecophilosopher and Director designate of an Ecophilosophy Centre, would have thought and argued in the sphere of climate change if he had remained alive beyond 1995 and up to the present time. The methodology of the paper combines an ...

  1. Sir William Henry Perkin: The Man and his 'Mauve'

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 15; Issue 9. Sir William Henry Perkin: The Man and his 'Mauve'. G Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 15 Issue 9 September 2010 pp 779-793. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  2. Henry the Seventh and Italy, an historiographical account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gian Maria Varanini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article represents an introduction to the contributions published in the monographic section dedicated to the expedition of Henry VII of Luxembourg in Italy (1310-1313. It provides an historiographic overview and some insightful clues.

  3. Philosophic sagacity and intercultural philosophy : beyond Henry Odera Oruka

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mosima, P.M.

    2016-01-01

    In this work, I attempt to contribute to the future of African and intercultural philosophy. This is undertaken by a comparative appraisal of the late lamented Kenyan philosopher Henry Odera Oruka's (1944-1995) philosophic sagacity, and intercultural philosophy as conceived by Dutch intercultural

  4. William Henry Bragg (1862-1942) William Lawrence Bragg (1890 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 12. William Henry Bragg (1862-1942) William Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971). Featured Scientist Volume 19 Issue 12 December 2014 pp 1210-1210. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  5. In praise of the literary eponym--Henry V sign.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Shanahan, F

    2013-01-01

    The use of eponyms in medicine is often discouraged. However, the literary eponym should be an exception as it is not linked with many of the difficulties associated with conventional eponyms and offers descriptive brevity and accuracy. Here, we illustrate the point with Henry V sign, which will be familiar to many who have cared for patients in the terminal stage of illness.

  6. Obituary: Roy Henry Garstang (1925-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malville, J.

    2011-12-01

    Roy Henry Garstang 84 passed away on November 1, 2009 in Boulder Colorado. He was born in Southport, England in September of 1925 to Percy Brocklehurst and Eunice (Gledhill) Garstang. He won a scholarship to Caius College in Cambridge University. Because it was wartime, he could spend only two years at his studies. However, he managed to complete three years of required work during that time, and then spent 1945-46 as a Junior Scientific Officer at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough. He received his BA in 1946 from Cambridge, his MA in 1950, and his PhD in Mathematics in 1954, with a thesis: "Atomic Transitions in Astrophysics," working under D. R. Hartree. He also received a ScD from Cambridge in Physics and Chemistry in 1983. He married Ann in August 1959. She and two daughters, Jennifer and Susan, survive him. While still pursuing his PhD, Roy Garstang served as a Research Associate at the Yerkes Observatory, from 1951-1952, working under Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. During that time he continued with his own calculations of atomic structure and transition probabilities, although these were not part of Chandra's research interests. After earning his PhD, he went to teach at the University of London, where he also served as the Assistant Director of the University of London Observatory (1959-1964). He was editor of "The Observatory" Magazine form 1953-1960. The continuing theme of this research was to help meet the needs of astrophysicists for atomic data. In 1964, he left England for the United States, where he joined the faculty at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he would remain for the rest of his professional career. It was entirely fitting, considering his interest in performing calculations of interest to astrophysicists, that soon after arriving in Boulder he was appointed Chairman of JILA - Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (1966-1967). He was Director of the Division of Physics and AstroGeophysics (1979-80), acting

  7. INOVATION AND ANTREPRENEURIAL CREATIVITY BUSINESS DURING HENRY FORD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GHICAJANU MIHAELA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I presented the innovation and entrepeneurial creativity as a basis in the process of business redesign. I chose as a case study the the Ford brand products, because it is considered that Henry Ford is one of the greatest innovators and entrepreneurs of all time and I decided to present and to analyze these things. The first part of the paper will include theoretical approaches on the innovation and creativity business concepts and premises, and then I showed the ways in which four types of economic innovation under the leadership of Henry Ford (innovation in product, in process, market and organizational were achieved, with the purpose to recognize them in other companies, nowadays .

  8. Employees Perception Towards Implication Of Henry Fayols Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Kumari, Dr. Sunil; Arora, Madhu

    2013-01-01

    Human wants are unlimited and resources to fulfill them are limited. Art of getting unlimited results from limited resources is called Management. Henry Fayol is called the father of principles of Management who derived 14 milestones called principles to the area of Management. Present study aims to know whether Feyols principles are being adopted at Fairfield Institute of management Technology in their routine functioning. 36 employees perceptions were gathered through a questionnaire and fo...

  9. W. Henry Robinson: Popularising astronomy in Victorian Walsall and Birmingham

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, S.

    William Henry Robinson was one of the most prominent citizens of Walsall, then part of Staffordshire, in the Victorian and Edwardian periods. An influential businessman, he managed to combine printing, publishing, editing a newspaper, writing books and poetry, maintaining a library and retail trading with founding the town's literary institute, and bringing the scientists, explorers, authors and cultural pursuits of the day to his home town. An amateur astronomer in his own right, Robinson was instrumental in setting up the BAA's Midland Branch.

  10. Sarcophilia, cremation and Sir Henry Thompson (1820-1904).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jellinek, E H

    2009-11-01

    Sarcophilia, a neologism for an attachment to human remains, is set in a review of the history of the disposal of the dead. The ancient practice of cremation was relaunched late in the 19th century by the urological surgeon cum social reformer Sir Henry Thompson. He was stimulated by Edwin Chadwick and Charles Dickens, and by Charles Darwin's observations on the earthworm. Sarcophilia is the reason for the controversial Human Tissue Act of 2004.

  11. Iraagi olukorral on poliitiline lahendus / Henry A. Kissinger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kissinger, Henry, 1923-

    2007-01-01

    USA endine riigisekretär Henry Kissinger kirjutab, et Ameerika Ühendriikide eesmärgiks peaks olema riikidevaheline kokkulepe, mis tunnistaks Iraagi rahvusvahelist staatust. See oleks vägivalla lõpetamiseks hea alus ja eeltingimuseks vägede väljaviimisele. Vt. samas: Ameerika Ühendriikide vahekokkuvõte Iraagi sõja kohta oli suhteliselt pessimistlik

  12. BOOK REVIEW: Joseph Henry: The Rise of an American Scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Elspeth

    1998-09-01

    Albert Moyer has clearly done his research into the events of Joseph Henry's life. The personal, professional, sociological and scientific aspects have been meticulously detailed throughout and the ordering, as in the chapter headings, is chronological, so that there is some element of each of these aspects in each chapter. This is unfortunately both the strength and the weakness of the biography, as the detail seemed to me to be the most remarkable characteristic of the writing. But, the bigger stories, or the themes, which might have been possible, seemed to get lost. Hence, I found this a book for those who are seriously interested in Joseph Henry; but for those whose interest might be more general, say having an interest in nineteenth century growth of scientific institutions, or wanting to understand the conceptual development of electromagnetism, there seemed to be too much which came from the Henry point of view, rather than locating Henry within his time and context. This is a remark about style, rather than omission of content, as the myriad of details in each paragraph certainly inform the reader about the context. For instance, some sociology of the USA in the nineteenth century could be inferred, say showing how a young man from a modest background might make his way into a professional life, but the information is so particularly a description of Henry's experience that one has to rely on prior knowledge or make assumptions in order to create a sociological perspective. That is, I now know, what happened to Henry, but I do not know if his case was in any sense typical or atypical. Similarly there is information about education in general at that time, and scientific education, research and its publication, as it applied to Henry. The relationships between science in the USA and in Europe have a place, and there is quite a bit of information about the institutions in which Henry worked, particularly Albany Academy, Princeton and the Smithsonian. Henry

  13. The forgotten first career of Doctor Henry Van Dyke Carter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiatt, J R; Hiatt, N

    1995-11-01

    While Henry Gray's Anatomy: Descriptive and Surgical, first published in 1858, is distinguished by superb illustrations, its original illustrator is remembered for an entirely different set of accomplishments, notably significant contributions to tropical medicine. Literature review. Dr. Henry Van Dyke Carter, Professor of Anatomy and Physiology and subsequently Dean of the Grant Medical College in Bombay, India, was a skillful researcher and keen clinician who made significant contributions to tropical medicine, including the discovery of Spirillum minus, the spirochetal organism that causes relapsing fever. For his discoveries he was honored by both the British Medical Association and the English government. Before his departure for India in 1858, however, he and Henry Gray worked at St. George's Hospital Medical School and collaborated on the first edition of the text that is still the "Bible" of anatomy to many medical students. His drawings have appeared in every subsequent edition, up to the present day. During his first career as a medical illustrator, Carter was responsible for the drawings that have helped generations of physicians to master the intricacies of human anatomy.

  14. Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, R.

    2015-04-01

    Many atmospheric chemicals occur in the gas phase as well as in liquid cloud droplets and aerosol particles. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the distribution between the phases. According to Henry's law, the equilibrium ratio between the abundances in the gas phase and in the aqueous phase is constant for a dilute solution. Henry's law constants of trace gases of potential importance in environmental chemistry have been collected and converted into a uniform format. The compilation contains 17 350 values of Henry's law constants for 4632 species, collected from 689 references. It is also available at law.org"target="_blank">http://www.henrys-law.org.

  15. [From apprenticeship to Nobel Prize: Henri Moissan's fabulous destiny].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafont, O

    2008-01-01

    Born in Paris on September 28, 1852, son of an eastern railways' employee and of a dressmaker, Henri Moissan's secondary schooling in Meaux did not allow him to get access to the sesame diploma "baccalauréat" (GCE). In 1869, he did obtain a special certificate of secondary schooling so that he could become an apprentice in watch making. That could have been the end of the story, but dreadful event for France appeared to have beneficial effects for Moissan. Under the threat of the Prussian army, Moissan's family took refuge near Paris. This gave the young Henri the opportunity to register as a student for the second-class pharmacy diploma, which did not need, at the time, the GCE. Moissan became then a trainee in pharmacy in 1871. Meanwhile, he followed the special schooling of "Ecole de chimie" founded by E. Frémy, and then joined the laboratory of Dehérain at the Museum, where he worked in plant physiology. He finally obtained the famous "baccalauréat" (GCE) and could register as a student in first-class pharmacy. He became a pharmacist as well as a doctor in sciences. In 1883, Moissan was named professor at the school of pharmacy in Paris. In 1886, he isolated fluorine by electrolysis of fluorhydric acid, in the presence of potassium fluoride, at a low temperature. He then studied diamond synthesis and gave a start to high temperature chemistry, designing his famous furnace. These findings and many others allowed Moissan to rise to membership in many learned academies around the world. Crowning achievement, Moissan won the Nobel Prize in 1906. A man of culture, collector of autographs and paintings, he died in 1907. Nothing of that would have been possible if there had not been a second-class pharmacist diploma. The history of Henri Moissan is one of a rise from apprenticeship to the Nobel Prize.

  16. Teoria das representações em Henri Lefebvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Serpa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article looks for to clear one theory of representations in Henri Lefebvre’s work, taking his seminal book on the thematic: The presence and the absence as support. It is aimed to clear one theory and one concept of representation that can support one cultural and multidimensional boarding for Geography, with the articulation of the fields of dialectic and phenome- nology. The articulation between phenomenology and dialectic is justified in this context as a method necessity for understanding the processes of pro- duction of the space in the contemporary times, as basis for a Geography of the Lived Spaces. 

  17. O pensamento crítico de Henri Lefebvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Gómez Soto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é uma análise da presença de Henri Lefebvre na sociologia brasileira. Lefebvre faz uma leitura crítica de Marx, recuperando o método dialético e propondo uma teoria da vida cotidiana. José de Souza Martins influenciado por Lefebvre e utilizando o método dialético, analisa o processo histórico da constituição do capitalismo brasileiro. Apesar de que há certa presença de Lefebvre na sociologia brasileira, ainda a riqueza de sua obra está para ser descoberta.

  18. From Classrooms to Careers: The Senior Mastery Process at Henry Ford Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parizek, Deborah; Kesavan, Sandy

    The Henry Ford Academy is the nations first charter school developed jointly by a global corporation, public education, and a non-profit cultural institution. The Senior Mastery Process at Henry Ford Academy is an innovative, challenging program of career exploration and research project for high school seniors. Beginning with initial job…

  19. VoxHenry: FFT-Accelerated Inductance Extraction for Voxelized Geometries

    KAUST Repository

    Yucel, Abdulkadir C.

    2018-01-18

    VoxHenry, a fast Fourier transform (FFT)-accelerated integral-equation-based simulator for extracting frequency-dependent inductances and resistances of structures discretized by voxels, is presented. VoxHenry shares many features with the popular inductance extractor, FastHenry. Just like FastHenry, VoxHenry solves a combination of the electric volume integral equation and the current continuity equation, but with three distinctions that make VoxHenry suitable and extremely efficient for analyzing voxelized geometries: 1) it leverages a carefully selected set of piecewise-constant and piecewise-linear basis functions; 2) it exploits FFTs to accelerate the matrix-vector multiplications during the iterative solution of system of equations; and 3) it employs a sparse preconditioner to ensure the rapid convergence of iterative solution. VoxHenry is capable of accurately computing frequency-dependent inductances and resistances of arbitrarily shaped and large-scale structures on a desktop computer. The accuracy, efficiency, and applicability of VoxHenry are demonstrated through inductance analysis of various structures, including square and circular coils as well as arrays of RF inductors (situated over ground planes).

  20. Henry Mayhew: jornalista, investigador social e precursor da pesquisa qualitativa Henry Mayhew: journalist, social investigator, and foreshadower of qualitative research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everardo Duarte Nunes

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Henry Mayhew serviu-se de sua profissão, o jornalismo, para registrar o dia a dia da Londres da segunda metade do século XIX de uma forma que até hoje interessa historiadores e cientistas sociais, como obra precursora da pesquisa qualitativa. Este artigo destaca aspectos metodológicos das investigações de Mayhew e analisa dois de seus relatos: sobre o surto de cólera e sobre uma vendedora de rua. Aborda também trabalhos críticos que tomam sua obra como referência.As a journalist, Henry Mayhew recorded daily life in London in the latter half of the nineteenth century. His approach remains of interest to historians and social scientists today in that it foreshadowed qualitative research. The article highlights methodological aspects of Mayhew's investigations and analyzes two of his reports, one on a cholera outbreak and the other on a female street vendor. It also addresses some analyses that have critiqued his work.

  1. Henri Pirenne: Historian and Man of the World.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Keymeulen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Henri Pirenne (1862-1935 is generally recognised as one of the most influential European historians of the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century. The combination of his scholarly activity with the social mission that he set himself earned him an extraordinarily successful career and a double reputation: at least in Belgium, he was regarded not only as a ‘father of history’, but also as great citizen. Although his influence was unmistakably large, there is no consensus about the existence or the nature of a ‘Pirennian persona’. He combined the ideal collection of skills, values and standards required of historians with very specific personal characteristics. At the same time he was inextricably linked to a certain era and a certain Belgium that died with him. Pirenne therefore, did not so much represent a new type of scientific persona as the prestige of an idealised, long-vanished Belgium and its corresponding academic culture. Henri Pirenne. Historicus en man van de wereld. Henri Pirenne (1862-1935 wordt beschouwd als één van de meest invloedrijke Europese geschiedschrijvers van de laatnegentiende en vroegtwintigste eeuw. Het verband tussen zijn wetenschappelijke activiteit en de maatschappelijke taak die hij voor zichzelf zag weggelegd, leverde hem een uitzonderlijk succesvolle carrière en een dubbele reputatie op. Pirenne staat, althans in België, immers niet alleen geboekstaafd als een ‘vader van de geschiedenis’, maar ook als een groot staatsburger. Hoewel de invloed van Pirenne onmiskenbaar groot is geweest, is er geen consensus over het bestaan of de aard van een ‘pirenniaanse persona’. Hij combineerde het ideaalpakket van vaardigheden, normen en waarden die historici werden geacht te bezitten met zeer specifieke karaktereigenschappen. Tegelijk was hij onlosmakelijk verknoopt met een zeker tijdsgewricht en een zeker België, dat samen met hem ter ziele ging. Pirenne stond dan ook niet zozeer model voor een nieuw

  2. Henri Pirenne: Historian and Man of the World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Keymeulen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Henri Pirenne (1862-1935 is generally recognised as one of the most influential European historians of the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century. The combination of his scholarly activity with the social mission that he set himself earned him an extraordinarily successful career and a double reputation: at least in Belgium, he was regarded not only as a ‘father of history’, but also as great citizen. Although his influence was unmistakably large, there is no consensus about the existence or the nature of a ‘Pirennian persona’. He combined the ideal collection of skills, values and standards required of historians with very specific personal characteristics. At the same time he was inextricably linked to a certain era and a certain Belgium that died with him. Pirenne therefore, did not so much represent a new type of scientific persona as the prestige of an idealised, long-vanished Belgium and its corresponding academic culture. Henri Pirenne. Historicus en man van de wereldHenri Pirenne (1862-1935 wordt beschouwd als één van de meest invloedrijke Europese geschiedschrijvers van de laatnegentiende en vroegtwintigste eeuw. Het verband tussen zijn wetenschappelijke activiteit en de maatschappelijke taak die hij voor zichzelf zag weggelegd, leverde hem een uitzonderlijk succesvolle carrière en een dubbele reputatie op. Pirenne staat, althans in België, immers niet alleen geboekstaafd als een ‘vader van de geschiedenis’, maar ook als een groot staatsburger. Hoewel de invloed van Pirenne onmiskenbaar groot is geweest, is er geen consensus over het bestaan of de aard van een ‘pirenniaanse persona’. Hij combineerde het ideaalpakket van vaardigheden, normen en waarden die historici werden geacht te bezitten met zeer specifieke karaktereigenschappen. Tegelijk was hij onlosmakelijk verknoopt met een zeker tijdsgewricht en een zeker België, dat samen met hem ter ziele ging. Pirenne stond dan ook niet zozeer model voor een nieuw

  3. [Determination of Henry's law constants for dimethyl sulfide in seawater].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y H; Wong, P K

    2001-07-01

    The article presents the method of determination of Henry's Law Constant(K) for dimethyl sulfide (DMS) in seawater using multiple phase equilibration/headspace gas chromatography. The method is based on the demonstration that analysis of only one phase after multiple phase equilibration give all necessary data. The values of K of DMS in seawater determined by this method was 0.089 with relative standard deviation(RSD) of 5.50% at 22 degrees C. The linear relationship between log K and w (NaCl) was log K = 0.0688.w (NaCl) - 1.3568 with correlation coefficient(r) of 0.997. The regression equation of log K against reciprocal of absolute temperature(T) was log K = -1,544.8/T + 4.2112 with r of 0.996.

  4. Henry's law constants of diacids and hydroxy polyacids: recommended values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compernolle, S.; Müller, J.-F.

    2014-03-01

    In spite of the importance of diacids and functionalised diacids for organic aerosol formation through aqueous-phase processes in droplets and aerosol water, there seems to be no reliable set of experimental values for their Henry's law constants (HLCs). We show that their estimation through the use of infinite dilution activity coefficients is also prone to error. Here we present HLC values for diacids and hydroxy polyacids determined from solubilities, water activities and vapour pressures of solids or solutions, by employing thermodynamic relationships. The vapour pressures are found to be the largest source of error, but the analysis of the obtained HLC points to inconsistencies among specific vapour pressure data sets. Although there is considerable uncertainty, the HLC defined as aqueous concentration per unit gaseous partial pressure of linear α- and ω-diacids appear to be higher than estimated by the often cited review work of Saxena and Hildemann (1996).

  5. História e psicologia em Henri Berr

    OpenAIRE

    Waeny, Maria Fernanda Costa

    2017-01-01

    O artigo aborda algumas das idéias de Henri Berr; trata de sua proposta em história, especialmente no que ela se opõe à filosofia da história e à história alemãs; e examina como esta concepção de história à la francesa introduz a psicologia nas pesquisas em história e inaugura a psicologia histórica.Palavras-chave: História da Psicologia; Psicologia Histórica; História das Ciências Humanas; História das Idéias; Annales

  6. Thinking in time an introduction to Henri Bergson

    CERN Document Server

    Guerlac, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    "In recent years, we have grown accustomed to philosophical language that is intensely self-conscious and rhetorically thick, often tragic in tone. It is enlivening to read Bergson, who exerts so little rhetorical pressure while exacting such a substantial effort of thought. . . . Bergson's texts teach the reader to let go of entrenched intellectual habits and to begin to think differently—to think in time. . . . Too much and too little have been said about Bergson. Too much, because of the various appropriations of his thought. Too little, because the work itself has not been carefully studied in recent decades."—from Thinking in TimeHenri Bergson (1859–1941), whose philosophical works emphasized motion, time, and change, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927. His work remains influential, particularly in the realms of philosophy, cultural studies, and new media studies. In Thinking in Time, Suzanne Guerlac provides readers with the conceptual and contextual tools necessary for informed appreciati...

  7. W.E. Henry Symposium compendium: The importance of magnetism in physics and material science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carwell, H.

    1997-09-19

    This compendium contains papers presented at the W. E. Henry Symposium, The Importance of Magnetism in Physics and Material Science. The one-day symposium was conducted to recognize the achievements of Dr. Warren Elliot Henry as educator, scientist, and inventor in a career spanning almost 70 years. Dr. Henry, who is 88 years old, attended the symposium. Nobel Laureate, Dr. Glenn Seaborg, a friend and colleague for over 40 years, attended the event and shared his personal reminiscences. Dr. Seaborg is Associate Director-At-Large at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Compendium begins with three papers which demonstrate the ongoing importance of magnetism in physics and material science. Other contributions cover the highlights of Dr. Henry`s career as a researcher, educator, and inventor. Colleagues and former students share insights on the impact of Dr. Henry`s research in the field of magnetism, low temperature physics, and solid state physics; his influence on students as an educator; and his character, intellect and ingenuity, and passion for learning and teaching. They share a glimpse of the environment and times that molded him as a man, and the circumstances under which he made his great achievements despite the many challenges he faced.

  8. Using extrathermodynamic relationships to model the temperature dependence of Henry's law constants of 209 PCB congeners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamford, Holly A; Poster, Dianne L; Huie, Robert E; Baker, Joel E

    2002-10-15

    Our previous measurements of the temperature dependencies of Henry's law constants of 26 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) showed a well-defined linear relationship between the enthalpy and the entropy of phase change. Within a homologue group, the Henry's law constants converged to a common value at a specific isoequilibrium temperature. We use this relationship to model the temperature dependencies of the Henry's law constants of the remaining PCB congeners. By using experimentally measured Henry's law constants at 11 degrees C for 61 PCB congeners described in this paper combined with the isoequilibrium temperatures from our previous measurements of Henry's law constants of 26 PCB congeners, we have derived an empirical relationship between the enthalpies and the entropies of phase change for these additional PCB congeners. A systematic variation in the enthalpies and entropies of phase change was found to be partially dependent on the chlorine number and substitution patterns on the biphenyl rings, allowing further estimation of the temperature dependence of Henry's law constants for the remaining 122 PCB congeners. The enthalpies of phase change for all 209 PCB congeners ranged between 10 and 169 kJ mol(-1), where the enthalpies of phase change decreased as the number of ortho chlorine substitutions on the biphenyl rings increased within homologue groups. These data are used to predict the temperature dependence of Henry's law constants for all 209 PCB congeners.

  9. Seawater intrusion in fractured coastal aquifers: A preliminary numerical investigation using a fractured Henry problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebben, Megan L.; Werner, Adrian D.; Graf, Thomas

    2015-11-01

    Despite that fractured coastal aquifers are widespread, the influence of fracture characteristics on seawater intrusion (SWI) has not been explored in previous studies. This research uses numerical modelling in a first step towards understanding the influence of fracture orientation, location and density on the extent of seawater and accompanying patterns of groundwater discharge in an idealised coastal aquifer. Specifically, aquifers containing single fractures or networks of regularly spaced fractures are studied using modified forms of the Henry SWI benchmark problem. The applicability of equivalent porous media (EPM) models for representing simple fracture networks in steady-state simulations of SWI is tested. The results indicate that the influence of fractures on SWI is likely to be mixed, ranging from enhancement to reduction in seawater extent and the width of the mixing zone. For the conceptual models considered here, vertical fractures in contact with the seawater wedge increase the width of the mixing zone, whereas vertical fractures inland of the wedge have minimal impact on the seawater distribution. Horizontal fractures in the lower part of the aquifer force the wedge seaward, whereas horizontal fractures located within the zone of freshwater discharge enhance the wedge. Inclined fractures roughly parallel to the seawater-freshwater interface increase the landward extent of seawater and fractures perpendicular to the interface inhibit the wedge. The results show that EPM models are likely inadequate for inferring salinity distributions in most of the fractured cases, although the EPM approach may be suitable for orthogonal fracture networks if fracture density is high and appropriate dispersivity values can be determined.

  10. Analysis and Comparison of the Ideas and Later Influences of Henri Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    INFLUENCES OF HENRI JOiINI AND CARL VON CLAUSEWITZ AUTHOR(S) MAJIOR FRANC[S S. JONES, USAF FACULTYADVISOR DR. DONALD D. CHIIPMAN, SOS/CAE SPNO TCOL...INFLUENCES OF HENRI JOMINI AND CARL VON CLAUSEWITZ 17 COSATI CODES 18. SUBJECT TERMS (Continue on reverse if necessary and Identify by block number) FIELD...GROUP SUB. GR. 19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reuerse if necessary and identify by block number) This paper reviews the lives of Henri Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz . It

  11. The Paradox of Being a Wounded Healer: Henri J.M. Nouwen's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wounded healer'. It also shows that, in its utilisation by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, the concept became a metaphor. This insight leads to a discussion of how Henri Nouwen applied the significance of the metaphor to pastoral ministry.

  12. Hiina kompartei pole NLKP-ga võrreldav / Henri Kaselo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaselo, Henri

    2005-01-01

    20.-26. novembril Hiinas Pekingis ja sadamalinnas Tianjinis peetud Euroopa ja Aasia noorte kohtumisest, kus Eestit esindasid Keskerakonna noortekogu esimees Henri Kaselo ja Euroopa Noorte Sotsiaaldemokraatide aseesimees ning Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nõunik Rander Läntsi

  13. The personality of Henry Cavendish a great scientist with extraordinary peculiarities

    CERN Document Server

    McCormmach, Russell

    2014-01-01

    This book explores the 18th century natural philosopher Henry Cavendish, best known for his work in chemistry and physics. It traces aspects of his personality, views and interpretations of him, and explores notions of eccentricity and autism.

  14. Henry E. Hale. Patronal Politics: Eurasian Regime Dynamics in Comparative Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas F. Remington

    2016-01-01

    Henry E. Hale. Patronal Politics: Eurasian Regime Dynamics in Comparative Perspective. Problems of International Politics. Eds. Keith Darden and Ian Shapiro. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xviii, 542 pp. References. Index. US$39.99, paper.

  15. Dual stereocontrol over the Henry reaction using a light- and heat-triggered organocatalyst

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlatkovic, Matea; Bernardi, Luca; Otten, Edwin; Feringa, Ben L.

    2014-01-01

    Here we present a novel dynamic organocatalyst, based on a first-generation molecular motor core, able to control the stereochemical outcome of the Henry reaction using both light and heat as external stimuli.

  16. 2008 USGS Lidar: Twelve County, Illinois (Grundy, Kane, McHenry only)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This LiDAR data is within Illinois Department of Transportation districts 1 and 3 covering Grundy, Kane and McHenry counties. The data is updated from its original...

  17. Dual stereocontrol over the Henry reaction using a light- and heat-triggered organocatalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlatković, Matea; Bernardi, Luca; Otten, Edwin; Feringa, Ben L

    2014-07-25

    Here we present a novel dynamic organocatalyst, based on a first-generation molecular motor core, able to control the stereochemical outcome of the Henry reaction using both light and heat as external stimuli.

  18. Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sander, R

    2015-01-01

    .... Therefore, it is necessary to understand the distribution between the phases. According to Henry's law, the equilibrium ratio between the abundances in the gas phase and in the aqueous phase is constant for a dilute solution...

  19. Strelku vsjo ravno perevedut. No v kakuju storonu? / Henry Posner ; interv. Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Posner, Henry

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Raudtee üks erastajaist, RDC juht Henry Posner III meenutab ER erastamist 2001. a., investeeringutest, reeglite muutmisest, Eesti Raudtee müümise põhjustest, Eesti transiidi tulevikust. Diagramm: Eesti Raudtee kasum 1998-2004

  20. NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow Underway Meteorological Data, Near Real Time

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow Underway Meteorological Data (Near Real Time, updated daily) are from the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic System...

  1. 46 CFR 7.55 - Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. 7.55 Section 7.55 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.55 Cape Henry, VA to Cape Fear, NC. (a) A line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light “2” to...

  2. Restauration de la statue de Henri IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Celle

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette intervention de conservation du bronze de la statue de Henri IV était la première depuis sa création en 1818 : on héritait de la surface originale de l’œuvre altérée par les vicissitudes du temps et les événements historiques traversés. Le protocole de conservation se voulait respectueux de cette authenticité de la patine et a cherché à en laisser les marques tout en apportant une réponse pour contrer la corrosion active de l’alliage. C’est en conformité aux principes de conservation établis par Cesare Brandi, qu’ont été définis le nettoyage sélectif des surfaces et l’application de couches protectives sur le bronze. Par ailleurs, le moment du chantier est un moment privilégié pour observer un monument et mieux connaître son histoire particulière. Ce chantier nous a permis de redécouvrir deux ensembles de boîtes déposées dans l’antre du cheval dans des situations parfois surprenantes.This conservation treatment for the bronze statue of Henri IV is the first since its creation in 1818. While the original surface of the work remains, it has been altered by natural and human forces; including the weathering of the material from exposure to the elements and damage caused by historic events. The conservation protocol is respectful of this authenticity of the surface patina and the marks of damage due to historical events, while developing a treatment plan to counter the active corrosion of the alloy. In keeping with the principles of conservation established by Cesare Brandi, the treatment program defines the selective cleaning of the surface and the application of several layers of a protective coating on the bronze. In addition, the conservation project is an opportunity to carefully study a monument to better understand its unique history. This project allowed us to rediscover two sets of boxes placed inside the cavity of the horse; an unxpected discovery.

  3. Organocatalytic asymmetric assembly reactions for the syntheses of carbohydrate derivatives by intermolecular Michael-Henry reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uehara, Hisatoshi; Imashiro, Ritsuo; Hernández-Torres, Gloria; Barbas, Carlos F.

    2010-01-01

    Given the significance of carbohydrates in life, medicine, and industry, the development of simple and efficient de novo methods to synthesize carbohydrates are highly desirable. Organocatalytic asymmetric assembly reactions are powerful tools to rapidly construct molecules with stereochemical complexity from simple precursors. Here, we present a simple and robust methodology for the asymmetric synthesis of pyranose derivatives with talo- and manno- configurations from simple achiral precursors through organocatalytic asymmetric intermolecular Michael–Henry reaction sequences. In this process, (tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)acetaldehyde 1 was successfully utilized in two ways: as a donor in a highly selective anti-Michael reaction and as an acceptor in a consecutive Henry reaction. Varied nitroolefins served as Michael acceptors and varied aldehydes substituted for 1 as Henry acceptors providing for the construction of a wide range of carbohydrates with up to 5 stereocenters. In these reactions, a catalyst-controlled Michael reaction followed by a substrate-controlled Henry reaction provided 3,4-dideoxytalose derivatives 6 in a highly stereoselective manner. The Henry reaction was affected by addition of a simple base such as triethylamine: A complex chiral base was not necessary. 3,4-Dideoxymannose derivatives 7 were produced by simply changing the base from triethylamine to 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene. Extension of this methodology to a syn-Michael initiated sequence was also successful. A mechanistic discussion is provided to explain the unusual substrate-induced stereoselectivity of the Henry reaction. PMID:20639468

  4. The head that wears the crown: Henry VIII and traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikram, Muhammad Qaiser; Sajjad, Fazle Hakim; Salardini, Arash

    2016-06-01

    Henry VIII of England is one of the most controversial figures in European history. He was born on 28 June 1491 as the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York and became the heir to the English throne after his elder brother died prematurely. A contradictory picture of Henry's character emerges from history: the young Henry was a vigorous, generous and intelligent king who saw early military and naval successes. In contrast, in his later years he became cruel, petty and tyrannical. His political paranoia and military misjudgements are in direct contrast to his earlier successes and promise. Several hypotheses have been put forward regarding his transformation from a renaissance king to a later medieval tyrant, including endocrinopathies, psychiatric illnesses and traumatic brain injury. In this paper we examine the historical evidence linking the change in Henry's personality and health problems to traumatic brain injury. To our knowledge this is the first systematic neurological study of traumatic brain injury in Henry VIII. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Henry Fleming’s Inner Conflicts in Stephen Crane’s The Red Badge of Courage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Purwanto

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Stephen Crane is a famous novelist who puts his characters into the situation of war. One of the famous novels is The Red Badge of Courage in telling about war and psychological effects inside of it. The purpose of this research is finding internal conflicts in Henry Fleming as the main character in the novel. It is also finding the important of victory for Henry Fleming. It is not only the real victory in war but also the victory inside Henry Fleming to all internal conflicts. The methodology of this research is external method in which all references are taken from books and internet sources. Besides that, extrinsic approach is also being used especially about psychology of Henry Fleming. The result shows that Henry Fleming is a young boy who enlists the army because his imagination toward Greek epics. The winning in the Greek battleship makes him for being a hero in Civil War. He gains many conflicts inside of him as a soldier. He feels desperate in the battleship but all activities make him believe that he wants to conquer all his burdens. Finally, Henry Fleming can handle all the problems and he becomes the hero, a dream he wants to achieve.

  6. Fenomenologiczna post-narracja. Szkic o fenomenologii Henri Maldineya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika MURAWSKA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to outline the fundamental theses of Henri Maldiney’s new phenomenology. The first part presents the style of Maldiney’s discourse to emphasise its significance. The second outlines a rudimentary concept of subjectivity that can be “drawn” from Maldiney’s texts, and the basic categories of this phenomenology, including the concepts of “event” and “encounter”. The third part shows the complexity of this discourse and reconstructs Maldiney’s descriptions of selected phenomena, such as the Matterhorn and a 12th-century miniature depicting the enthroned Christ. Ultimately, the author of the article tries to demonstrate that Maldiney’s phenomenology focuses not only on the question of “what”, but also “how”. The form of his texts, their dispersion, and purposefully unsystematic construction all become a part of them. Just like a work of art, the form turns out to be inseparable from the content and becomes its very essence.

  7. Temperature dependence of Henry's law constants of metolachlor and diazinon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigenbrugel, Valérie; Le Calvé, Stéphane; Mirabel, Philippe

    2004-10-01

    A dynamic system based on the water/air equilibrium at the interface within the length of a microporous tube has been used to determine experimentally the Henry's law constants (HLC) of two pesticides: metolachlor and diazinon. The measurements were conducted over the temperature range 283-301 K. At 293 K, HLCs values are (42.6+/-2.8) x 10(3) (in units of M atm(-1)) for metolachlor and (3.0+/-0.3)x10(3) for diazinon. The obtained data were used to derive the following Arrhenius expressions: HLC=(3.0+/-0.4) x 10(-11) exp((10,200+/-1,000)/T) for metolachlor and (7.2+/-0.5) x 10(-15) exp((11,900+/-700)/T) for diazinon. At a cumulus cloud temperature of 283 K, the fractions of metolachlor and diazinon in the atmospheric aqueous phase are about 57% and 11% respectively. In order to evaluate the impact of a cloud on the atmospheric chemistry of both studied pesticides, we compare also their atmospheric lifetimes under clear sky (tau(gas)), and cloudy conditions (tau(multiphase)). The calculated multiphase lifetimes (in units of hours) are significantly lower than those in gas phase at a cumulus temperature of 283 K (in parentheses): metolachlor, 0.4 (2.9); diazinon, 1.9 (5.0).

  8. Using an internal standard method to determine Henry's law constants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Chang; Evans, Emily M

    2007-02-01

    An internal standard method is developed for the measurement of thermodynamic Henry's law constants (H). In this method, a mixture of the analytes and an internal standard is prepared and used to make a standard solution (organic solvent) and a dilute aqueous solution. Both the standard solution and the headspace samples above the aqueous solution at partitioning equilibrium in closed containers are subject to gas chromatographic (GC) analysis. Subsequently, the values of H for the analytes can be calculated from the known H of the internal standard and the GC peak-area ratios. Only approximate values of the concentrations of the compounds, the GC injection volumes, and the vapor-phase to liquid-phase volume ratios in the closed containers are needed in this approach. The method works particularly well for compounds that are highly soluble in water or that have low vapor pressures. Experimentally determined values of H are reported for some low-molecular-weight aldehydes, ketones, and nitriles, and their temperature dependencies are examined. The results also are compared with literature values. The applicability of this new approach is limited to compounds that have dimensionless H on the order of 10(-3) or less.

  9. A citation analysis of Henri Tajfel's work on intergroup relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Kitty; Louw, Johann

    2009-02-01

    The late Henri Tajfel (1919-1982) is one of the central figures who shaped the development of post-war European social psychology. His contributions range from the establishment of an infrastructure for a European social psychology, and the start of a new intellectual movement within social psychology, to the formulation of a set of concepts addressing intergroup relations that were finally integrated into Social Identity Theory. The present study provides an empirical examination of Tajfel's contribution to intergroup research over the last 30 years via a citation analysis of five journals: the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, the British Journal of Social Psychology, the European Journal of Social Psychology, the South African Journal of Psychology, and the German Journal of Social Psychology (Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie). The results indicate that Tajfel's work on intergroup relations is increasingly cited, especially since the 1990s, and the international recognition of his work is substantial. Three possible reasons for the recognition his work still enjoys are proposed: its potential to generate theoretical and empirical controversies; its explanatory power; and the extent to which his work is used as a referential framework.

  10. Henry Ingersoll Bowditch and Oliver Wendell Holmes: stethoscopists and reformers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felts, John H

    2002-01-01

    Two Bostonians, Henry Ingersoll Bowditch (1808-1892) and Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894), went to Paris for advanced medical training and came home ardent disciples of Pierre Charles Alexandre Louis, leader of the French school that derived its eminence from expert auscultation and careful correlation of bedside and autopsy findings. Both Bowditch and Holmes became leaders in 19th-century American medicine. Bowditch, a successful practitioner and prolific medical writer, wrote the first important American text on physical examination and became our first specialist in pulmonary disease. He pioneered in the public health movement, was a charter member and later president of the American Medical Association, and was an abolitionist and an advocate for equal rights for women in medicine. Holmes left practice to become a medical educator. As Dean of Harvard Medical School, he tried unsuccessfully to admit white women and free black men to the school. Although his greatest fame came as a man of letters, Holmes considered himself first a physician and medical educator, and was justifiably proud of his definitive study, "The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever" (1843). Today, Bowditch and Holmes are little appreciated as pioneers and reformers, but we remain in debt to them both.

  11. Genetic Analysis of the Henry Mountains Bison Herd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dustin H Ranglack

    Full Text Available Wild American plains bison (Bison bison populations virtually disappeared in the late 1800s, with some remnant animals retained in what would become Yellowstone National Park and on private ranches. Some of these private bison were intentionally crossbred with cattle for commercial purposes. This forced hybridization resulted in both mitochondrial and nuclear introgression of cattle genes into some of the extant bison genome. As the private populations grew, excess animals, along with their history of cattle genetics, provided founders for newly established public bison populations. Of the US public bison herds, only those in Yellowstone and Wind Cave National Parks (YNP and WCNP appear to be free of detectable levels of cattle introgression. However, a small free-ranging population (~350 animals exists on public land, along with domestic cattle, in the Henry Mountains (HM of southern Utah. This isolated bison herd originated from a founder group translocated from YNP in the 1940s. Using genetic samples from 129 individuals, we examined the genetic status of the HM population and found no evidence of mitochondrial or nuclear introgression of cattle genes. This new information confirms it is highly unlikely for free-living bison to crossbreed with cattle, and this disease-free HM bison herd is valuable for the long-term conservation of the species. This bison herd is a subpopulation of the YNP/WCNP/HM metapopulation, within which it can contribute significantly to national efforts to restore the American plains bison to more of its native range.

  12. Genetic Analysis of the Henry Mountains Bison Herd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranglack, Dustin H; Dobson, Lauren K; du Toit, Johan T; Derr, James

    2015-01-01

    Wild American plains bison (Bison bison) populations virtually disappeared in the late 1800s, with some remnant animals retained in what would become Yellowstone National Park and on private ranches. Some of these private bison were intentionally crossbred with cattle for commercial purposes. This forced hybridization resulted in both mitochondrial and nuclear introgression of cattle genes into some of the extant bison genome. As the private populations grew, excess animals, along with their history of cattle genetics, provided founders for newly established public bison populations. Of the US public bison herds, only those in Yellowstone and Wind Cave National Parks (YNP and WCNP) appear to be free of detectable levels of cattle introgression. However, a small free-ranging population (~350 animals) exists on public land, along with domestic cattle, in the Henry Mountains (HM) of southern Utah. This isolated bison herd originated from a founder group translocated from YNP in the 1940s. Using genetic samples from 129 individuals, we examined the genetic status of the HM population and found no evidence of mitochondrial or nuclear introgression of cattle genes. This new information confirms it is highly unlikely for free-living bison to crossbreed with cattle, and this disease-free HM bison herd is valuable for the long-term conservation of the species. This bison herd is a subpopulation of the YNP/WCNP/HM metapopulation, within which it can contribute significantly to national efforts to restore the American plains bison to more of its native range.

  13. Inverse modeling for seawater intrusion in coastal aquifers: Insights about parameter sensitivities, variances, correlations and estimation procedures derived from the Henry problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz, E.; Voss, C.I.

    2006-01-01

    Inverse modeling studies employing data collected from the classic Henry seawater intrusion problem give insight into several important aspects of inverse modeling of seawater intrusion problems and effective measurement strategies for estimation of parameters for seawater intrusion. Despite the simplicity of the Henry problem, it embodies the behavior of a typical seawater intrusion situation in a single aquifer. Data collected from the numerical problem solution are employed without added noise in order to focus on the aspects of inverse modeling strategies dictated by the physics of variable-density flow and solute transport during seawater intrusion. Covariances of model parameters that can be estimated are strongly dependent on the physics. The insights gained from this type of analysis may be directly applied to field problems in the presence of data errors, using standard inverse modeling approaches to deal with uncertainty in data. Covariance analysis of the Henry problem indicates that in order to generally reduce variance of parameter estimates, the ideal places to measure pressure are as far away from the coast as possible, at any depth, and the ideal places to measure concentration are near the bottom of the aquifer between the center of the transition zone and its inland fringe. These observations are located in and near high-sensitivity regions of system parameters, which may be identified in a sensitivity analysis with respect to several parameters. However, both the form of error distribution in the observations and the observation weights impact the spatial sensitivity distributions, and different choices for error distributions or weights can result in significantly different regions of high sensitivity. Thus, in order to design effective sampling networks, the error form and weights must be carefully considered. For the Henry problem, permeability and freshwater inflow can be estimated with low estimation variance from only pressure or only

  14. Henry Daniel Cogswell, DDS (1819-1900): a temperance advocate, philanthropist and builder of ice-water fountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christen, A G; Theobald, M S; Christen, J A

    1999-07-01

    Henry Daniel Cogswell (Fig. 1), the second of five children, was born in Tolland, Connecticut on March 3, 1819. His father, George Washington Cogswell, was a general carpenter, architect and builder of moderate circumstances. In 1827, when Henry was eight, his mother died. The following year, Henry's father moved to Orwell, (Oswego County) New York, in hopes of improving his financial condition. Henry was left behind in the care of his paternal grandfather, who died several months later, leaving the 10-year old boy, stranded and forced to rely upon his own resources. (In those times, when families were separated, individual members had limited means of locating one another.)

  15. Agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers Local 1650, 1987-1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry Ford Community Coll., Dearborn, MI.

    This collective bargaining agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers establishes conditions of employment for all full-time teachers, counselors, librarians, placement officers, and selected other professional personnel. The articles in the agreement set…

  16. Agreement Between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers, Local 1650, 1973-75.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry Ford Community Coll., Dearborn, MI.

    This agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers, Local 1650 covers the period of 1973-1975. Contents of the agreement cover recognition, board of trustee rights, union-board relations, conditions of employment, seniority, the…

  17. The 'Overly-Broad' Selden Patent, Henry Ford and Development in the Early US Automobile Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howells, John; Katznelson, Ron D

    and show that there is no evidence that innovation was retarded. To better understand this result we follow Henry Ford’s investigation of the Selden patent’s scope during 1903, the year when the Ford Motor Co. was most vulnerable to “uncertainty” over the enforceability of the asserted broad construction...... of the Selden patent claims. We use new primary sources to show how Henry Ford and others engaged in what today is called “Freedom to Operate” patent analysis when it most mattered commercially. We show that Ford correctly anticipated that a future court adjudication of the Selden patent claims would...... public actions effectively induced the Selden patent owners to bring suit against the Ford Motor Company. Finally, we show that the Ford Motor Company litigation costs in its first year of operation were trivial yet litigation brought valuable market publicity. We find that Henry Ford’s investigative...

  18. «Ecuador» de Henri Michaux: fazer a viagem é que é a viagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia de Carvalho Casa Nova

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Uma viagem que pode não ter acontecido, mas que merece o nome de viagem. Uma desconstrução do paradigma desse gênero. Relato que plasma a configuração de um eu imaginário à procura de um ultrapassamento e de estar en dehors de soi-même.Palavras-chave: Henri Michaux; Ecuador; gênero; viagem.Resúmé: Un voyage qui peut n’avoir existé, mais qui mérite le nom de voyage par son caractère de desconstruction d’une littérature de ce genre. Récit de voyage qui  montre une autre configuration d’un sujet imaginaire à la recherche d’être en dehors de soi-même.Mots-clés: Henri Michaux; Ecuador; genre; voyage.Keywords: Henri Michaux; Ecuador; gender; journey.

  19. Temperature-Dependent Henry's Law Constants of Atmospheric Amines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Chunbo; Kish, J Duncan; Roberts, Jason E; Dwebi, Iman; Chon, Nara; Liu, Yong

    2015-08-20

    There has been growing interest in understanding atmospheric amines in the gas phase and their mass transfer to the aqueous phase because of their potential roles in cloud chemistry, secondary organic aerosol formation, and the fate of atmospheric organics. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants (KH) of atmospheric amines, a key parameter in atmospheric chemical transport models to account for mass transfer, are mostly unavailable. In this work, we investigated gas-liquid equilibria of five prevalent atmospheric amines, namely 1-propylamine, di-n-propylamine, trimethylamine, allylamine, and 4-methylmorpholine using bubble column technique. We reported effective KH, intrinsic KH, and gas phase diffusion coefficients of these species over a range of temperatures relevant to the lower atmosphere for the first time. The measured KH at 298 K and enthalpy of solution for 1-propylamine, di-n-propylamine, trimethylamine, allylamine, and 4-methylmorpholine are 61.4 ± 4.9 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -49.0 ± 4.8 kJ mol(-1); 14.5 ± 1.2 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -72.5 ± 6.8 kJ mol(-1); 8.9 ± 0.7 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -49.6 ± 4.7 kJ mol(-1); 103.5 ± 10.4 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -42.7 ± 4.3 kJ mol(-1); and 952.2 ± 114.3 mol L(-1) atm(-1) and -82.7 ± 9.7 kJ mol(-1), respectively. In addition, we evaluated amines' characteristic times to achieve gas-liquid equilibrium for partitioning between gas and aqueous phases. Results show gas-liquid equilibrium can be rapidly established at natural cloud droplets surface, but the characteristic times may be extended substantially at lower temperatures and pHs. Moreover, our findings imply that atmospheric amines are more likely to exist in cloud droplets, and ambient temperature, water content, and pH of aerosols play important roles in their partitioning.

  20. Henri Lefebvre und der Begriff der Urbanisierung ohne Urbanität: Deutung eines missverstandenen Begriffs aus heutiger Sicht

    OpenAIRE

    Bocquet, Denis

    2012-01-01

    International audience; This article proposes a critical examination of the concept of urbanization without urbanity which Henri Lefebre developed in his seminal book The Right to the City.; Une critique de la notion d'urbanisation sans urbanité développée par Henri Lefebvre dans Le Droit à la ville.

  1. Henry constants in polymer solutions with the van der Waals equation of state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bithas, Sotiris; Kalospiros, Nikolaos; Kontogeorgis, Georgios

    1996-01-01

    is a corresponding-states correlation for a dimensionless Henry constant defined based on the van der Waals equation of state. Satisfactory results-often close to the ones from the one-parameter correlation-are obtained for all systems investigated in this work. Compared with literature models that have been applied......The simple der Waals equation of state, as extended to polymer systems, is applied to the correlation and prediction of Henry constants in polymer solutions comprising five polymers and many nonpolar and polar solvents, including supercritical gases. The correlation achieved with one adjustable...

  2. Re-membering surrealism in Charles Henri Ford’s Poem Posters (1964–5)

    OpenAIRE

    Pawlik, Joanna

    2017-01-01

    This article explores Charles Henri Ford’s Poem Posters series of 1964–5 and the ‘Having Wonderful Time Wish You Were Here’: Postcards to Charles Henri Ford exhibition at the Iolas Gallery (New York, 1976). Ford’s editorship of View magazine (1940–7) is well known in scholarship on surrealism’s reception in America, but less frequently explored are the ways in which his later artistic and curatorial practice self-consciously continued the publication’s mission of promoting a queer and partisa...

  3. Prediction of Henry's law constants of triazine derived herbicides from quantum chemical continuum solvation models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Eduardo J; Alderete, Joel B

    2003-01-01

    The Henry's law constants (H) for triazine derived herbicides are calculated using quantum chemical solvation models, SM2, SM3, PCM-DFT, and CPCM-DFT, and their performances are discussed. The results show considerable differences in performance among the different levels of theory. The values of H calculated by the semiempirical methods agree much better with the experimental values than those obtained at the DFT level. The differences are discussed in terms of the different contributions, electrostatic and no-electrostatic, to Gibbs free energy of solvation. In addition, the Henry's law constants of some triazine derived herbicides whose values have not been reported earlier are predicted as well.

  4. Taxing junk food: applying the logic of the Henry tax review to food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, Molly E; Williams, Michael J; Crammond, Brad; Loff, Bebe

    2010-10-18

    The recent review of taxation in Australia - the Henry tax review - has recommended that the federal government increase the taxes already levied on tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and alcohol taxes are put forward as the best way of reducing the social harms caused by the use and misuse of these substances. Junk foods have the same pattern of misuse and the same social costs as tobacco and alcohol. The Henry tax review rejects the idea of taxing fatty foods, and to date the government has not implemented a tax on junk food. We propose that a tax on junk food be implemented as a tool to reduce consumption and address the obesity epidemic.

  5. The Royal Entries of Henry VI in a London Civic Manuscript

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourassa, Kristin

    2016-01-01

    London Metropolitan Archives, MS Letter Book K, contains descriptions of Henry VI’s royal entries into both Paris (1431) and London (1432). Their placement one after the other in a London Letter Book was likely the work of the city’s common clerk, John Carpenter, who was the author of the descrip......London Metropolitan Archives, MS Letter Book K, contains descriptions of Henry VI’s royal entries into both Paris (1431) and London (1432). Their placement one after the other in a London Letter Book was likely the work of the city’s common clerk, John Carpenter, who was the author...

  6. Henri Meschonnic entre langue et poésie, sous la direction de Marcella Leopizzi

    OpenAIRE

    Arena, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Come emerge dai due testi introduttivi alla silloge di interventi, riuniti in questo numero di «Studi di letteratura francese» quale ideale celebrazione dell’ottantesimo compleanno di Henri Meschonnic, scomparso nel 2009 (Giovanni Dotoli, Le Flambeau d’un message, pp. 11-14; Marcella Leopizzi, La Voix d’Henri Meschonnic: vivre-sentir poème, pp. 15-23), l’asse prescelto per la pubblicazione non si pone l’obiettivo di una presentazione esaustiva dell’opera di Meschonnic, ma di un’indagine unita...

  7. M. Pirgerou on D. Izzo and C. Martinez’s Revisionary Interventions into Henry James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Donatella Izzo and Carlo Martinez. Revisionary Interventions Into Henry James. Eds. Napoli, 2008. Revisionary Interventions into Henry James is a compilation of a series of papers presented at a colloquium which took place at Università Orientale in Naples, Italy, on October 27, 2006. In her introduction to the volume, Donatella Izzo acknowledges the “rather blatant plagiarism” (7 which lent the book its title.  The borrowing, of course, refers to Donald Pease’s landmark Revisionary Interve...

  8. Henri Fayol’un Yönetim Düşüncesi Üzerine Notlar(Notes on Managerial Thought of Henry Fayol)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramazan ŞENGÜL

    2007-01-01

    Henri Fayol, developed a managerial approach which is a perfect guide for both private and public sectors through focusing systematically upon managerial process. A major advantage of Fayol in creating a general managerial doctrine was his pratician side. His managerial thought which was developed in the early 20th century lasted up to our times. The distinguished characteristic of Fayol’s thought was studying the administrative reality through separating it into its functions, in that it hel...

  9. Ernest Henry Starling: the history of cardiovascular endocrinology and the continuous need for developing animal models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    2014-01-01

    The English physiologist, Ernest Henry Starling (1866–1927) (Fig. 1) in 1896, provided a quantitative explanation of the transcapillary transport of fluid. Six years later, he discovered the first hormone and introduced the concept of hormones in 1905, and at the time of the First World War, he...

  10. BUBBLE STRIPPING TO DETERMINE HYDROGEN CONCENTRATIONS IN GROUND WATER: A PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF HENRY'S LAW

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Bubble Stripping Method is a chemical testing method that operates on the principle of Henry's Law. It is useful for determining concentrations of hydrogen in well water, and it is capable of detecting concentrations on the order of nanomoles per liter. The method provides ...

  11. Neoliberalism, Democracy and the University as a Public Sphere: An Interview with Henry A. Giroux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Victoria

    2014-01-01

    "Truthout" contributor, director of "Truthout's" Public Intellectual Project (truth-out.org/public-intellectual-project) and Truthout board member Henry A. Giroux responds to questions about how the excesses of neoliberal politics have reshaped and subverted the democratic mission of higher education.

  12. Henry Giroux and the Politics of Higher Education under George W. Bush: An Interview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozo, Mike Alexander

    2005-01-01

    In May of 2004 Henry Giroux, a creator of the field of critical pedagogy and a leading advocate for young people, democracy, and education in the United States, reluctantly left Penn State University after twelve years as a Distinguished Professor in the education department. He has been a critic of the corporatization of and conservative…

  13. Henry Carr on the Girl-Child and Women Education in Southern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... on the influence of non-indigenous educators. Again, Henry Carr was among the pioneers of Nigeria's educational system from its foundation stage. A system which had a consequential factor in the social, economic and political development of Nigeria. SOPHIA: An African Journal of Philosophy Vol. 9 (1) 2006: pp. 38-44 ...

  14. Paul Henry Latimer (1925-2011): discoverer of selective scattering in photosynthetic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Margaret Gwyn; Bannister, Thomas T; Govindjee

    2017-10-01

    We provide here a brief tribute to Paul Henry Latimer (November 25, 1925 to October 1, 2011), a dedicated biological physicist, discoverer of selective scattering in biological systems, a wonderful teacher, husband, and father. We provide here a glimpse of his personal and professional life, including reminiscences from F. Dudley Bryant, Dan A. Cross, Bobby E. Pyle, Bryan L. Seiber, and Bruce A. Seiber.

  15. Fin-de-Siecle Advances in Neuroeducation: Henry Herbert Donaldson and Reuben Post Halleck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodoridou, Zoe D.; Triarhou, Lazaros C.

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on two early attempts at bridging neuroscience and education, made by Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938), a neurologist, and Reuben Post Halleck (1859-1936), an educator. Their works, respectively entitled "The Growth of the Brain: A Study of the Nervous System in Relation to Education" (1895) and "The Education of the…

  16. The Imaginary World of Henri Rousseau. Teacher's Guide. School Arts: Looking/Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Anne

    While Henri Rousseau's work was not easily classified into any definitive artistic style of the time--impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism, or cubism--it has been considered a forerunner of surrealism because of its dreamlike sensibility. This teaching guide provides information about Rousseau and his work, focusing on "Tropical Forest…

  17. Community Arts Programs: Cohesion and Difference Case Studies. Henry Street Settlement and El Museo del Barrio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiebert-Gruen, Cathleen

    2009-01-01

    A comparative case study of two cultural institutions, Henry Street Settlement and El Museo del Barrio, founded almost eighty years apart, were involved in social justice causes and community arts. Although both of these institutions participated in the political activism of their time, they also demonstrated an important adaptability. They were…

  18. Magie en wetenschap in de spektakelcultuur van de negentiende eeuw: Henri Robin in de Lage Landen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanhoutte, Kurt; Wynants, Nele

    2017-01-01

    textabstractMagic and Science in the Nineteenth-century Culture of Spectacle: Henri Robin in the Low CountriesThe theatre of modernity served to illuminate scientific insight and discovery in a spectacular way. Astronomy, physics, and experiments with electricity were at the heart of a popular genre

  19. Henry's law constants of phenol and mononitrophenols in water and aqueous sulfuric acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, X X; Brimblecombe, P

    2007-06-01

    Phenols are widely present in the atmosphere and nitration probably in the aerosol phase leads to nitrophenols. Nitration by nitric acid in sulfuric acid can be rapid, but little is known of the process under atmospheric conditions. The Henry's law constants K(H)(dagger) of phenol and 2-, 3- and 4-nitrophenol were all measured by a bubble stripping method as: 2820mol kg(-1) atm(-1) (at 298K), 147mol kg(-1) atm(-1) (at 298K), 1.6x10(4)mol kg(-1)atm(-1) (at 308K) and 2.1x10(4)mol kg(-1) atm(-1) (at 308K), respectively. The Henry's law constant of phenol in sulfuric acid systems is lower by more than a factor of two at 1020mol kg(-1) atm(-1) (at 298K) in 40wt% sulfuric acid, which is in line with salting-out of oxygen-containing aromatic compounds in water-sulfuric acid systems. The Henry's law constants of 2- and 4-nitrophenol behave differently and are almost independent of sulfuric acid concentration. The variation of K(H)(dagger) with temperature (T) described in terms of -dln(K(H)(dagger))/d(1/T) does not to vary with sulfuric acid concentration, suggesting enthalpy of dissolution for phenol is independent of sulfuric acid. The series of Henry's law constants measured here can describe the equilibrium situation for phenols in careful determinations of phase partitioning in the atmosphere.

  20. The Henry Reaction in [Bmim][PF6]-based Microemulsions Promoted by Acylase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang-Gao Le

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available An environmentally-friendly, enzyme-promoted procedure for the Henry reaction was first studied using water-in-[Bmim][PF6] microemulsions as reaction medium. The Amano acylase from Aspergillus oryzae showed better catalytic activity for the addition reactions of nitromethane with a series of aromatic aldehydes, and a highest yield of 90% was obtained.

  1. Pre-Education Programs: A Comprehensive Project at Henry Ford Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zopf, Deborah; Smyrski, Larry

    This document presents an overview of a four-year comprehensive pre-education project at Henry Ford Community College (HFCC) in Michigan. To meet the needs of school districts that preferred a 32-credit certificate program as well as districts that preferred a 60-unit associate degree, HFCC employed a career-ladder approach: A 32-credit…

  2. 2004 Foster G. McGaw Prize. Winner: Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rollins, Gina

    2005-04-01

    Henry Ford Health System's commitment to community service took root with its founding in 1915 and has been embraced by leaders ever since. Wide-ranging efforts of school health programs offering grief support for children earned it the 2004 McGaw Prize.

  3. The Henry Ford Academy: An Innovative Space for Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    n/a, n/a

    2005-01-01

    Edith Graybill, English instructor at the Henry Ford Academy in Dearborn, Michigan, speaks about her school's English language arts curriculum, the influence of the school on the role of English language arts, the theories of teaching and learning used at the Academy, and other related topics. She believes that most of the students appreciate…

  4. Detroit's Henry Ford Health System awarded Foster G. McGaw Prize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Tom

    2005-01-01

    Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, is named winner of the prestigious Foster G. McGaw Prize for excellence in community service. The organization received 100,000 dollars from the sponsors, the American Hospital Association, The Baxter International Foundation and the Cardinal Health Foundation.

  5. Ernest Henry Starling (1866-1927): the scientist and the man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens H

    2005-01-01

    The pre-eminent achievements of the English physician and physiologist Ernest Henry Starling were his quantitative explanation of the transcapillary transport of fluid, the discovery of the first hormone, secretin, and his formulation of the law of the heart. In some ways Starling was an outsider...

  6. Pornografia e transgressão na obra literária de Henry Miller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Catunda Pereira

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The North American writer Henry Miller was marginalized by literary critics since the first publications of his works in the 40s. Accused of being a pornographic text, the book Tropic of Cancer (1934 was forbidden in many countries. This article aims to analyze the obscene in Henry Miller’s work to prove that, beyond the erotic intention, Miller’s books are an expression of freedom and rejection of moral standards. In order to achieve our goal, we will use as theoretical basis the articles Criticismo e sexualidade: uma leitura de Tropico of Capricorn de Henry Miller, by Flávia Andréa Rodrigues Benfatt, and Literatura marginal americana: do épico confessional ao niilismo erótico, by Lainister de Oliveira. The texts mentioned above grant us the argumentation necessary to the analysis of pornographic discourse in Henry Miller’s literary works as the author’s aesthetics choice of taking himself as a transgressor in a decadent society.

  7. The Snake Charmer(ess intermedia dialogue between Henri Rousseau's Painting and Sylvia Plath's poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milovanov Dajana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines possible interpretations of poetry and poetic image analysing the dialogue between the arts of literature and painting. The paper studies the poet Sylvia Plath's referencing Henri Rousseau's painting The Snake Charmer in her poem 'Snakecharmer'. What is analysed is the creative superstructure based upon nonliterary reference, as well as the visual elements attained through two diverse artistic media.

  8. Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine. Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Jim

    This teacher's guide explores Fort McHenry and the British attack on Baltimore Harbor (Maryland) in 1814. The guide contains 11 lessons: (1) "Where in the World Is Baltimore?" (no handout-use classroom resources); (2) "Why Baltimore?" (Handout-Why Baltimore?); (3) "Now Where Do We Place the Fort?" (Handout-Map of…

  9. Henry's law constant of hydrocarbons in air-water system: the cavity ovality effect on the non-electrostatic contribution term of solvation free energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modarresi, H; Modarress, H; Dearden, J C

    2005-10-01

    In this study, a quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) model for the prediction of Henry's law constants of aliphatic hydrocarbons in air-water system has been developed, based on a data-set of 189 compounds. The well-known linear thermodynamic relation between the logarithm of Henry's law constant and solvation free energy has been used for developing the model. It is emphasised that the solvent-accessible surface area (SASA) descriptor is not adequate for predicting the solvation free energy of a wide range of aliphatic hydrocarbons; there are many compounds that have the same solvent-accessible surface area with different solvation free energy. Therefore, we have introduced cavity ovality as a good descriptor of molecular cavity shape factor. The root mean square error (RMSE) of the QSPR regression model based on SASA improves from 0.40 to 0.22 by introducing the cavity ovality descriptor. The QSPR linear ovality model has good statistical parameters (r(2) = 0.90). To emphasise the significant effect of the new descriptor, a non-linear neural network model with only two nodes in the hidden layer was developed, and also yielded a RMSE of 0.22.

  10. Volatility dependence of Henry's law constants of condensable organics: Application to estimate depositional loss of secondary organic aerosols

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hodzic, A; Aumont, B; Knote, C; Lee‐Taylor, J; Madronich, S; Tyndall, G

    2014-01-01

    ...) is largely unconstrained in current chemistry‐climate models. We apply the Generator of Explicit Chemistry and Kinetics of Organics in the Atmosphere to calculate Henry's law constants for these intermediate species...

  11. [Crusading and Chronicle Writing on the Medieval Baltic Frontier: A Companion to the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia] / Michael Amundsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amundsen, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Crusading and chronicle writing on the medieval Baltic frontier : a companion to the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia / edited by Marek Tamm, Linda Kaljundi, Carsten Selch Jensen. Farnham : Ashgate, 2011

  12. Henry's Constants of Persistent Organic Pollutants by a Group-Contribution Method Based on Scaled-Particle Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razdan, Neil K; Koshy, David M; Prausnitz, John M

    2017-10-09

    A group-contribution method based on scaled-particle theory was developed to predict Henry's constants for six families of persistent organic pollutants: polychlorinated benzenes, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, polychlorinated naphthalenes, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers. The group-contribution model uses limited experimental data to obtain group-interaction parameters for an easy-to-use method to predict Henry's constants for systems where reliable experimental data are scarce. By using group-interaction parameters obtained from data reduction, scaled-particle theory gives the partial molar Gibbs energy of dissolution, Δg2, allowing calculation of Henry's constant, H2, for more than 700 organic pollutants. The average deviation between predicted values of log H2 and experiment is 4%. Application of an approximate van't Hoff equation gives the temperature dependence of Henry's constants for polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated naphthalenes, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the environmentally-relevant range 0 to 40(o)C.

  13. Cardinal Henri De Lubac, Jacques Maritain, Correspondance et rencontres. Tome L.

    OpenAIRE

    Airiau, Paul

    2014-01-01

    La publication des œuvres complètes du cardinal Henri de Lubac suit son bonhomme de chemin. Elle prend ici la forme de l’édition de 17 lettres échangées entre le jésuite et Jacques Maritain (p. 43-80). Celle-ci est encadrée en ouverture d’une courte préface du cardinal archevêque de Lyon Philippe Barbarin (p. 9-12) et d’une longue introduction du fr. Jean-Miguel Garrigues, « Jacques Maritain et Henri de Lubac : distance, convergences et rapprochement » (p. 13-42, parue précédemment dans la Re...

  14. Monique VÉRITÉ, Henri Lhote – Une aventure scientifique au Sahara

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno LECOQUIERRE

    2015-01-01

    Auteur déjà en 1992 d’Odette du Puigaudeau : une bretonne au Sahara, Monique Vérité vient de livrer une nouvelle biographie passionnante, sur une personnalité saharienne haute en couleur, célèbre en France et au Sahara après-guerre et qui est aujourd’hui un peu oubliée : Henri Lhote (1903-1991). Henri Lhote peut être considéré comme l’un des plus grands explorateurs du Sahara au XXe siècle, aux côtés de Conrad Kilian et de Théodore Monod. Le parallèle avec ce dernier est assez fascinant car c...

  15. Henri Cartier Bresson's decisive instante and indexation: an exploratory study of photography indexing methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welington Rodrigo Zanon

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The research presents photography indexing methods from the perspective of Henri Cartier Bresson's work and the decisive instant. The methodology is exploratory and descriptive, with a qualitative approach, using documental research procedures, survey and content analysis. The research was based on the method of classification and indexing by studying the best indexing method for the photographs of Henri Cartier-Bresson, in order to extract as much information as possible from the visual representation of the document (photographs, and to minimize the losses in this transcription. For this, we used the four methods of indexing of photographs developed by the authors Panofsky (1986, Smit (1986, Manini (2002 and Rodrigues (2007, applying them to three (03 Bresson photographs. After the application, we performed a comparative analysis and discussion of the results.

  16. Henry's law constant for phosphine in seawater: determination and assessment of influencing factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Mei; Yu, Zhiming; Lu, Guangyuan; Song, Xiuxian

    2013-07-01

    The Henry's Law constant ( k) for phosphine in seawater was determined by multiple phase equilibration combined with headspace gas chromatography. The effects of pH, temperature, and salinity on k were studied. The k value for phosphine in natural seawater was 6.415 at room temperature (approximately 23°C). This value increases with increases in temperature and salinity, but no obvious change was observed at different pH levels. At the same temperature, there was no significant difference between the k for phosphine in natural seawater and that in artificial seawater. This implies that temperature and salinity are major determining factors for k in marine environment. Double linear regression with Henry's Law constants for phosphine as a function of temperature and salinity confirmed our observations. These results provide a basis for the measurement of trace phosphine concentrations in seawater, and will be helpful for future research on the status of phosphine in the oceanic biogeochemical cycle of phosphorus.

  17. Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry's law constant from chemical structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühne, Ralph; Ebert, Ralf-Uwe; Schüürmann, Gerrit

    2005-09-01

    A new model to estimate the temperature dependency of Henry's law constant in water for organic compounds from the two-dimensional structure is presented. Air/water partition enthalpies of 456 chemicals were fitted to 46 substructural parameters with a squared correlation coefficient r2 of 0.81 and a standard error of 7.1 kJ/mol. The compound set covers various organic compound classes with the atom types C, H, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, and S. Application of the model together with experimental data for 25 degrees C to a set of 462 compounds with 2119 experimental Henry's law constants at temperatures below 20 degrees C yields a predictive squared correlation coefficient q2 of 0.99 and a standard error of 0.21 logarithmic units. The prediction capability is further evaluated using cross validation and permutation.

  18. A French description of German psychology laboratories in 1893 by Victor Henri, a collaborator of Binet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge; Barnes, Marissa E; Murray, David J

    2015-05-01

    There is a rich tradition of writings about the foundation of psychology laboratories, particularly in the United States but also in France. Various documents exist concerning former German laboratories in American and French literature. But the most interesting French paper was certainly written by a young psychologist named Victor Henri (1872-1940) who was a close collaborator of Alfred Binet (1857-1911) in the 1890s. Visiting various psychology laboratories, he wrote, in 1893, a clear description of the laboratories of Wundt, G. E. Müller, Martius and Ebbinghaus. An English translation is given of Henri's paper and the historical importance of his contribution is here expounded by contrasting the German and French psychologies of the time.

  19. DNA-catalyzed Henry reaction in pure water and the striking influence of organic buffer systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häring, Marleen; Pérez-Madrigal, Maria M; Kühbeck, Dennis; Pettignano, Asja; Quignard, Françoise; Díaz, David Díaz

    2015-03-04

    In this manuscript we report a critical evaluation of the ability of natural DNA to mediate the nitroaldol (Henry) reaction at physiological temperature in pure water. Under these conditions, no background reaction took place (i.e., control experiment without DNA). Both heteroaromatic aldehydes (e.g., 2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde) and aromatic aldehydes bearing strong or moderate electron-withdrawing groups reacted satisfactorily with nitromethane obeying first order kinetics and affording the corresponding β-nitroalcohols in good yields within 24 h. In contrast, aliphatic aldehydes and aromatic aldehydes having electron-donating groups either did not react or were poorly converted. Moreover, we discovered that a number of metal-free organic buffers efficiently promote the Henry reaction when they were used as reaction media without adding external catalysts. This constitutes an important observation because the influence of organic buffers in chemical processes has been traditionally underestimated.

  20. Keratin Protein-Catalyzed Nitroaldol (Henry) Reaction and Comparison with Other Biopolymers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häring, Marleen; Pettignano, Asja; Quignard, Françoise; Tanchoux, Nathalie; Díaz Díaz, David

    2016-08-25

    Here we describe a preliminary investigation on the ability of natural keratin to catalyze the nitroaldol (Henry) reaction between aldehydes and nitroalkanes. Both aromatic and heteroaromatic aldehydes bearing strong or moderate electron-withdrawing groups were converted into the corresponding β-nitroalcohol products in both DMSO and in water in the presence of tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) as a phase transfer catalyst. Negligible background reactions (i.e., negative control experiment in the absence of keratin protein) were observed in these solvent systems. Aromatic aldehydes bearing electron-donating groups and aliphatic aldehydes showed poor or no conversion, respectively. In general, the reactions in water/TBAB required twice the amount of time than in DMSO to achieve similar conversions. Moreover, comparison of the kinetics of the keratin-mediated nitroaldol (Henry) reaction with other biopolymers revealed slower rates for the former and the possibility of fine-tuning the kinetics by appropriate selection of the biopolymer and solvent.

  1. Keratin Protein-Catalyzed Nitroaldol (Henry Reaction and Comparison with Other Biopolymers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleen Häring

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Here we describe a preliminary investigation on the ability of natural keratin to catalyze the nitroaldol (Henry reaction between aldehydes and nitroalkanes. Both aromatic and heteroaromatic aldehydes bearing strong or moderate electron-withdrawing groups were converted into the corresponding β-nitroalcohol products in both DMSO and in water in the presence of tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB as a phase transfer catalyst. Negligible background reactions (i.e., negative control experiment in the absence of keratin protein were observed in these solvent systems. Aromatic aldehydes bearing electron-donating groups and aliphatic aldehydes showed poor or no conversion, respectively. In general, the reactions in water/TBAB required twice the amount of time than in DMSO to achieve similar conversions. Moreover, comparison of the kinetics of the keratin-mediated nitroaldol (Henry reaction with other biopolymers revealed slower rates for the former and the possibility of fine-tuning the kinetics by appropriate selection of the biopolymer and solvent.

  2. DNA-Catalyzed Henry Reaction in Pure Water and the Striking Influence of Organic Buffer Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleen Häring

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this manuscript we report a critical evaluation of the ability of natural DNA to mediate the nitroaldol (Henry reaction at physiological temperature in pure water. Under these conditions, no background reaction took place (i.e., control experiment without DNA. Both heteroaromatic aldehydes (e.g., 2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde and aromatic aldehydes bearing strong or moderate electron-withdrawing groups reacted satisfactorily with nitromethane obeying first order kinetics and affording the corresponding β-nitroalcohols in good yields within 24 h. In contrast, aliphatic aldehydes and aromatic aldehydes having electron-donating groups either did not react or were poorly converted. Moreover, we discovered that a number of metal-free organic buffers efficiently promote the Henry reaction when they were used as reaction media without adding external catalysts. This constitutes an important observation because the influence of organic buffers in chemical processes has been traditionally underestimated.

  3. Henry II of France (1519-1559) and His Death From Meningoencephalitis Following Cranial Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markatos, Konstantinos; Karamanou, Marianna; Arkoudi, Konstantina; Androutsos, Georgios

    2017-10-01

    This historical review summarizes the most significant theories regarding the cause of death of King Henry II of France (1519-1559) and the circumstances under which it occurred. Although the historical testimonies are inconclusive and vague, postmortem analysis has shown that the King died of meningoencephalitis, caused by hematoma of a cerebral contusion, with effusion in the cerebral laminae and its surrounding tissue initiated by a periorbital fracture. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Henri Fayol, théoricien de l’entreprise innovante

    OpenAIRE

    Hatchuel, Armand; Segrestin, Blanche

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Have we correctly read Henri Fayol? His work is still reduced to general principles of administration that seem rigid and trivial. Yet, he has been a great innovative leader that considered scientific research as a major task of the business executive. A new reading of Fayol's masterpiece shows that he introduced sophisticated notions: " the unknown " , " the program of action " , " the advancement " , which meaning was erased by his translators or forgotten. Coming fr...

  5. Henry Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management: Implications for Libraries and Information Centres

    OpenAIRE

    Uzuegbu, C. P.; Nnadozie, C. O.

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses generally on the ‘fourteen principles of management’ by Henri Fayol. However, it specifically analyses their application to and implications for libraries and information centres. An extensive review of published works on management generally, and library management in particular, was conducted. This yielded vital insights on the original meaning and later modifications of these principles, as well as their application in the management of various organisation...

  6. VIDEO: Dr. Henry Rodriguez - Proteogenomics in Cancer Medicine | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dr. Henry Rodriguez, director of the Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research (OCCPR) at NCI, speaks with ecancer television at WIN 2017 about the translation of the proteins expressed in a patient's tumor into a map for druggable targets. By combining genomic and proteomic information (proteogenomics), leading scientists are gaining new insights into ways to detect and treat cancer due to a more complete and unified understanding of complex biological processes.

  7. Henry Ford Hospital dermatology experience with Levulan Kerastick and blue light photodynamic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivard, Jennifer; Ozog, David

    2006-06-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) takes advantage of our understanding of the cutaneous response to topically applied porphyrins to selectively destroy malignant or premalignant cells. This type of therapy has been used to treat a variety of cutaneous diseases, including actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinoma, acne, and others. The treatment protocols are not standardized across institutions. We present the Henry Ford Dermatology protocol and early results of our first 150 treatments with PDT.

  8. [Henry Beecher and medical science: the 50th anniversary of a famous article].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, N; Huisman, F G

    2017-01-01

    In 2016, it had been exactly half a century ago that Henry Beecher published his article 'Ethics and clinical research' in The New England Journal of Medicine. Today, this article is considered a turning point in the history of medical research ethics. On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of this famous article, we are looking back on this turbulent period in the history of medicine.

  9. Methylcarbonate and bicarbonate phosphonium salts as catalysts for the nitroaldol (Henry) reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabris, Massimo; Noè, Marco; Perosa, Alvise; Selva, Maurizio; Ballini, Roberto

    2012-02-17

    Phosphonium ionic liquids exchanged with bicarbonate and methylcarbonate anions (CILs) exhibit catalytic performances comparable to those of sterically hindered (non nucleophilic) organosuperbases such as DBU. At 25-50 °C, under solventless conditions, CILs efficiently catalyze the Henry addition of different aldehydes and ketones to nitroalkanes: not only they allow the selective formation of nitroaldols but they unlock a novel high-yielding access to dinitromethyl derivatives of ketones.

  10. William Henry Welch (1850–1934): the road to Johns Hopkins

    OpenAIRE

    Silverman, Barry D.

    2011-01-01

    William Henry Welch's selection in 1884 as the first faculty member of the new medical school at Johns Hopkins created the invigorating atmosphere that generated the revolutionary changes in medical training and laboratory medicine that transformed medicine in America. Dr. Welch's family traditions, his New England upbringing, Yale education, and German university experience prepared a unique individual to lead American medicine into the 20th century.

  11. The last ride of Henry II of France: orbital injury and a king's demise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eftekhari, Kian; Choe, Christina H; Vagefi, M Reza; Eckstein, Lauren A

    2015-01-01

    Jousting was a popular pastime for royalty in the Renaissance era. Injuries were common, and the eye was particularly at risk from the splinters of the wooden lance. On June 30, 1559, Henry II of France participated in a jousting tournament to celebrate two royal weddings. In the third match, Gabriel de Montgomery struck Henry on the right shoulder and the lance splintered, sending wooden shards into his face and right orbit. Despite being cared for by the prominent physicians Ambroise Paré and Andreas Vesalius, the king died 10 days later and was found to have a cerebral abscess. The wound was not explored immediately after the injury; nevertheless, wooden foreign bodies were discovered in the orbit at the time of autopsy. The dura had not been violated, suggesting that an infection may have traveled from the orbit into the brain. Nostradamus and Luca Guarico, the astrologer to the Medici family, had prophesied the death of Henry II of France, but he ignored their warnings and thus changed the course of history in Renaissance Europe. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Historical perspective on the Department of Neurosurgery at the Henry Ford Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kole, M K; O'Leary, S T; Malik, G M; Rosenblum, M L

    2001-02-01

    The Henry Ford Hospital (HFH) was founded in 1915 as a philanthropic gift from Henry Ford, the automobile magnate and inventor of the Model T. The hospital and its organizational structure represented a nonsectarian facility that would provide care for all members of society. The system was patterned after the newest and most modern medical centers at the time in Europe, Canada, and the United States, including the German Krankenhauser, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, the Mayo Clinic, and the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. The HFH grew into the Henry Ford Health System in the 1970s to 1990s, with the acquisition of other hospitals, the development of a multiple-region-based clinic system through southeastern Michigan, and the development of comprehensive, vertically integrated health care systems. The Division of Neurosurgery at HFH was established by Albert Crawford in 1926. The tradition of training residents in neurosurgery began in 1946, and the residency training program was accredited by the American Board of Neurosurgery in 1954. In 1970, the Division of Neurosurgery of the Department of Surgery was combined with the Division of Neurology to create the joint Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery. A separate Department of Neurosurgery was established in 1981. Four individuals have served as chairmen of the Department of Neurosurgery at HFH, i.e., Albert Crawford (1926-1952), Robert Knighton (1952-1978), James Ausman (1978-1991), and Mark Rosenblum (1992 to the present). During the 1980s and 1990s, HFH evolved into the vertically integrated, regionally distributed Henry Ford Health System. Under the current direction of Dr. Rosenblum, the Department of Neurosurgery at HFH has grown to include 11 full-time neurosurgeons, 2 neuro-oncologists, and 3 investigators with Ph.D. degrees and has recently expanded into three additional hospitals in southeastern Michigan, paralleling the growth of the system. The faculty annually treats more than 2,000 cases in

  13. Effectiveness of an implementation optimisation intervention aimed at increasing parent engagement in HENRY, a childhood obesity prevention programme - the Optimising Family Engagement in HENRY (OFTEN) trial: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Maria; Burton, Wendy; Cundill, Bonnie; Farrin, Amanda J; Nixon, Jane; Stevens, June; Roberts, Kim; Foy, Robbie; Rutter, Harry; Hartley, Suzanne; Tubeuf, Sandy; Collinson, Michelle; Brown, Julia

    2017-01-24

    Family-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity depend upon parents' taking action to improve diet and other lifestyle behaviours in their families. Programmes that attract and retain high numbers of parents provide an enhanced opportunity to improve public health and are also likely to be more cost-effective than those that do not. We have developed a theory-informed optimisation intervention to promote parent engagement within an existing childhood obesity prevention group programme, HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young). Here, we describe a proposal to evaluate the effectiveness of this optimisation intervention in regard to the engagement of parents and cost-effectiveness. The Optimising Family Engagement in HENRY (OFTEN) trial is a cluster randomised controlled trial being conducted across 24 local authorities (approximately 144 children's centres) which currently deliver HENRY programmes. The primary outcome will be parental enrolment and attendance at the HENRY programme, assessed using routinely collected process data. Cost-effectiveness will be presented in terms of primary outcomes using acceptability curves and through eliciting the willingness to pay for the optimisation from HENRY commissioners. Secondary outcomes include the longitudinal impact of the optimisation, parent-reported infant intake of fruits and vegetables (as a proxy to compliance) and other parent-reported family habits and lifestyle. This innovative trial will provide evidence on the implementation of a theory-informed optimisation intervention to promote parent engagement in HENRY, a community-based childhood obesity prevention programme. The findings will be generalisable to other interventions delivered to parents in other community-based environments. This research meets the expressed needs of commissioners, children's centres and parents to optimise the potential impact that HENRY has on obesity prevention. A subsequent cluster randomised controlled pilot

  14. Henri Fayol’un Yönetim Düşüncesi Üzerine Notlar(Notes on Managerial Thought of Henry Fayol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan ŞENGÜL

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Henri Fayol, developed a managerial approach which is a perfect guide for both private and public sectors through focusing systematically upon managerial process. A major advantage of Fayol in creating a general managerial doctrine was his pratician side. His managerial thought which was developed in the early 20th century lasted up to our times. The distinguished characteristic of Fayol’s thought was studying the administrative reality through separating it into its functions, in that it helps to understand evolution and operation of organisations. The importance of his doctrine for today is that adapting contemporary managerial techniques into organisations of various kinds needs to refer Fayol’s managerial aproach in one way or another.

  15. Staging Henry Fielding: The Author-Narrator in Tom Jones On Screen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli Løfaldli

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As recent adaptation theory has shown, classic-novel adaptation typically sets issues connected to authorship and literal and figurative ownership into play. This key feature of such adaptations is also central to the screen versions of Henry Fielding’s Tom Jones (1749. In much of Fielding’s fiction, the narrator, typically understood as an embodiment of Fielding himself, is a particularly prominent presence. The author-narrator in Tom Jones is no exception: not only is his presence strongly felt throughout the novel, but through a variety of means, ‘The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling’ is also distinctly marked as being under his control and ownership. The two adaptations of Fielding’s novel, a 1963 film and a 1997 television series, both retain the figure of the author-narrator, but differ greatly in their handling of this device and its consequent thematic ramifications. Although the 1963 film de-emphasises Henry Fielding’s status as proprietor of the story, the author-narrator as represented in the film’s voiceover commentary is a figure of authority and authorial control. In contrast, the 1997 adaptation emphasises Fielding’s ownership of the narrative and even includes the author-narrator as a character in the series, but this ownership is undermined by the irreverent treatment to which he is consistently subjected. The representations of Henry Fielding in the form of the author-narrator in both adaptations are not only indicative of shifting conceptions of authorship, but also of the important interplay between authorship, ownership and adaptation more generally.

  16. Environmental liabilities in Billings reservoir and its impacts on hydropower generation Plant Henry Borden; Os passivos ambientais no reservatorio Billings e os seus impactos na geracao hidroenergetica da Usina Henry Borden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, Daniel Ladeira [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The primary assertion is that this article argues that the recovery in production of hydropower in Henry Borden (UHB) is the reduction of environmental liabilities in the Billings reservoir. In this context, the aim of this paper is to provide a first consideration of the possibility of recovery of production Henry Borden hydropower plant of recovering the multiple uses of the reservoir. From this perspective, we interviewed representatives of CETESB (Sanitation Environmental Technology Company) and EMAE (Metropolitan Water and Energy Company SA) for consideration of actions that include environmental policies aimed at increasing the production of electricity in Henry Borden in order to obtain results that may contribute to the multiple uses of the Billings reservoir. Noting that the range of laws aimed at protecting the water sources was limited to disjointed public policy that has reduced the resilience of the Billings reservoir. (author)

  17. Despotopoulou, Anna and Kimberly C. Reed, eds. Henry James and the Supernatural.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Pirgerou

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This book is a compilation of essays researching Henry James’s ghostly tales. As both editors state in their introduction to the volume, the book actually aims not only at dealing with the ghostly in terms of its supernatural element but also at scrutinizing it as a narrative technique, a strategy which endowed James’s oeuvre with a realistic, proto-modernist quality “giving it the elusiveness it is so much celebrated for” (1. Both editors also point out that James’s concern with the supern...

  18. Elementos de política de gestión en Henry Mintzberg

    OpenAIRE

    García-Álvarez, S. (Santiago); García-Martínez, A.N. (Alberto Nahum); F. Múgica

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo de investigación consistió en estudiar un buen número de los escritos de Henry Mintzberg y prácticamente todas sus obras relacionadas con los elementos de política de gestión: no únicamente los libros, sino numerosos artículos y textos relacionados. He leído también muchos libros y artículos de otros autores de management, como Drucker, Collins, Kotter, Pfeffer, Peters y varios más, para enriquecer el texto y contrastar posturas. He estudiado con particular interés y detenimiento l...

  19. El montaje y el gesto (Ezra Pound / Henri Michaux): dos poéticas del ideograma

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Villalón, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    Este ensayo compara el modo en que los escritores Ezra Pound y Henri Michaux incorporan en su pensamiento y su obra poética un diálogo con la escritura china, y específicamente con la noción de ideograma como un modo de entender su naturaleza. Tanto Pound como Michaux comparten un alto grado de fascinación por la dimensión pictográfica de la escritura china, que consideran como menos radicalmente divorciada de las cosas que la escritura alfabética, pero en Pound predomina una apropiación del ...

  20. Henri Wallon's Theory of Early Child Development: The Role of Emotions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veer

    1996-12-01

    The present paper gives an account of part of the stage theory of early child development of the French theorist Henri Wallon (1879-1962). Unlike his contemporary Jean Piaget, Wallon concentrated his efforts upon a description of the child's emotional development and the role emotions play in establishing the bond between child and caregiver. The description of Wallon's stage theory is preceded by biographical information and a presentation of his methodological views. It is argued that Wallon's theory is unique in its focus, exerted influence upon theorists such as Lev Vygotsky, and is basically compatible with modern insights about the nature of child development and the growth of intersubjectivity.

  1. GOLPES DE ESCRITA: TRAÇADOS DE ROLAND BARTHES E HENRI MICHAUX SOBRE O ORIENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Bylaardt Volker

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz aproximações entre os trabalhos de Roland Barthes e Henri Michaux a partir da observação de como suas experiências com o Oriente afetaram suas percepções do trabalho com a escrita, respectivamente, em O império dos signos e Um bárbaro na Ásia. As observações dos autores sobre a sociedade oriental são acompanhadas de uma reflexão intensa sobre a cristalização da linguagem para configuração escrita da experiência vivida.

  2. Theoretical chemistry theory of scattering papers in honor of Henry Eyring

    CERN Document Server

    Henderson, Douglas W

    1981-01-01

    Theoretical Chemistry: Theory of Scattering: Papers in Honor of Henry Eyring, Volume 6, Part A covers the aspects of reactive and nonreactive scattering. The book discusses the applications of classical trajectory to reactive scattering and the accurate quantum calculations of reactive systems. The text also describes the fluctuations in chemically reacting systems, as well as the coupling of electronically adiabatic states in atomic and molecular collisions. Chemists, physicists, people involved in the study of the theory of scattering, and students taking related courses will find the book u

  3. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of atmospheric organics of biogenic origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Chunbo; Kish, J Duncan; Kelley, Judas; Mach, Mindy; Hiltner, Joseph; Zhang, Yunhong; Liu, Yong

    2013-10-10

    There have been growing interests in modeling studies to understand oxidation of volatile organic compounds in the gas phase and their mass transfer to the aqueous phase for their potential roles in cloud chemistry, formation of secondary organic aerosols, and fate of atmospheric organics. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants, key parameters in the atmospheric models to account for mass transfer, are often unavailable. In the present work, we investigated gas-liquid equilibriums of isoprene, limonene, α-pinene, and linalool using a bubble column technique. These compounds, originating from biogenic sources, were selected for their implications in atmospheric cloud chemistry and secondary organic aerosol formation. We reported Henry's law constants (K(H)), first order loss rates (k), and gas phase diffusion coefficients over a range of temperatures relevant to the lower atmosphere (278-298 K) for the first time. The measurement results of K(H) values for isoprene, limonene, α-pinene, and linalool at 298 K were 0.036 ± 0.003; 0.048 ± 0.004; 0.029 ± 0.004; and 21.20 ± 0.30 mol L(-1) atm(-1), respectively. The fraction for these compounds in stratocumulus and cumulonimbus clouds at 278 K were also estimated in this work (isoprene, 1.0 × 10(-6), 6.8 × 10(-6); limonene, 1.5 × 10(-6), 1.0 × 10(-5); α-pinene, 4.5 × 10(-7), 3.1 × 10(-6); and linalool, 6.2 × 10(-4), 4.2 × 10(-3)). Our measurements in combination with literature results indicated that noncyclic alkenes could have smaller K(H) values than those of cyclic terpenes and that K(H) values may increase with an increasing number of double bonds. It was also shown that estimated Henry's law constants and their temperature dependence based on model prediction can differ from experimental results considerably and that direct measurements of temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of atmospheric organics are necessary for future work.

  4. Henri Walon: por uma teoria dialética na educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Inês Naujorks

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto aborda as principais idéias desenvolvidas por Henri Wallon. Tendo como método o materialismo dialético, seu projeto foi o de formular uma "ciência do homem". Para o autor o desenvolvimento é a síntese dialética do biológico e do social e só pode ser entendido à luz das contradições de um processo que se estende por toda vida toda.

  5. Thinking past Henri Lefebvre : introducing “the theory of ground rent and rural sociology"

    OpenAIRE

    Elden, Stuart; Morton, Adam David

    2015-01-01

    This introduction to the translation of Henri Lefebvre's 1956 essay “The theory of ground rent and rural Sociology” moves through three stages. First, it suggests that Anglophone appropriations of Lefebvre have tended to focus too much on his urban writings, at the expense of understanding his early work on rural sociology, and failing to recognise how his urban focus emerged as a result of his interest in rural–urban transformation. Second, it provides a summary of his wider work on rural qu...

  6. Confronting empty spaces: between interpretation and experience in "The Turn of the Screw" by Henry James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Spinelli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Turn of the Screw by Henry James has inspired the most various critical debates for over a century. What is hidden in the folds of the story? What kind of impact does it have on the reader? Like a borderless nebula who attracts and reflects light from other stars, this novella is permeated by a vide fascinant, by a chaotic and disturbing matter “such stuff as dreams are made”. This feeling of absence and uncertainty, that characterizes the story, developed trough the contribution of readers and critics and it found a further still precious echo in The Innocents, a film directed by Jack Clayton in 1961.

  7. Henry Ingersoll Bowditch (1808-82): American physician, public health advocate and social reformer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Paul M

    2011-11-01

    Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, a Bostonian physician from the mid-19th century, lived a passionate life full of commitment and devotion to various noble causes--he was a champion of public health, an advocate for inclusion of women in medicine and a staunch abolitionist, all unpopular social perspectives at that time in medical and political history. Seemingly difficult personality traits including his stubbornness and moralistic outlook were likely 'adaptive' as he confronted the political reality of major institutional change. His interest in statistical trends and environmental influences and his inductive reasoning led to a deeper understanding of consumption (tuberculosis), the widespread diagnostic use of the stethoscope and thoracocentesis.

  8. A Novel Bis-Thiourea Organocatalyst for the Asymmetric Aza-Henry Reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampalakos, Constantinos; Wulff, William D.

    2013-01-01

    A novel bis-thiourea BINAM-based catalyst for the asymmetric aza-Henry reaction has been developed. This catalyst promotes the reaction of N-Boc imines with nitroalkanes to afford β-nitroamines with good yields and high enantioselectivities. This catalyst has the advantage that it can be prepared in a single step from commercially available materials. A model is proposed for the catalyst action where the both components of the reaction are activated simultaneously by hydrogen bonding. Regardless of the mechanism, the success of the present catalyst demonstrates the potential of bis-thioureas as an interesting class of relatively unexplored catalysts. PMID:23795151

  9. Ecrire et souffrir : L’inspiration partagée de Constance Fenimore Woolson et de Henry James Literature and Grief: Constance Fenimore Woolson and Henry James, A Common Inspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannine Hayat

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Miss Grief is a story by Constance Fenimore Woolson, an American novelist who often wrote about the difficulty a woman had in becoming an artist — a writer or a painter — in the nineteenth century. This tale is a very strange text, a kind of anticipation of a meeting to come, in Italy, in 1880, between Woolson and Henry James, and a friendship which lasted until the former’s death in 1894. For thirteen years, both writers would share a common inspiration. Death itself could not break the links between the two authors, who were connected even when settled in different European countries. William James, who was a member of the American Society for Psychical Research, probably helped his brother Henry to communicate — or so it appears — in some way with Woolson, even after her fatal accident, or possible suicide, in Venice. Henry James probably had in mind Miss Grief, a story by his dead friend, before writing some of his books. Indeed, Woolson had been the first to develop the image of “the figure in the carpet,” which was later transformed by Henry James. Woolson was also the first to devise a plot which Henry James would later use as a canvas for his novel The Wings of the Dove. What is an author and what is authorship? It seems impossible to separate what is Woolson’s and what is Henry James’s in four works of fiction that are in fact to be read together : Miss Grief, The Figure in the Carpet, The Beast in the Jungle, The Wings of the Dove.

  10. Measurement of aqueous Henry's law constants for oxygenates and aromatics found in gasolines by the static headspace method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller; Stuart

    2000-02-01

    A simple equilibrium vessel made from a large stopcock was used in conjunction with the static headspace method to measure the aqueous Henry's law constants for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and other potential oxygenates as well as certain of the aromatics found in gasoline. The present method involves using only one aqueous solution whose concentration is not necessarily known. The only quantity that must be known is the phase ratio. Plotting a series of peak areas of the analyte in the headspace after each equilibrium change against the initial peak area of the analyte found in the headspace leads to a linear relationship whose slope is dependent on the analyte's unitless Henry's law constant and the phase ratio. This new method is found to yield unitless aqueous Henry's law constants in the range from 0.02 to 0.2, which are especially applicable to the oxygenates and aromatics found in gasolines.

  11. Volatility dependence of Henry's law constants of condensable organics: Application to estimate depositional loss of secondary organic aerosols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodzic, A.; Aumont, B.; Knote, C.; Lee-Taylor, J.; Madronich, S.; Tyndall, G.

    2014-07-01

    The water solubility of oxidation intermediates of volatile organic compounds that can condense to form secondary organic aerosol (SOA) is largely unconstrained in current chemistry-climate models. We apply the Generator of Explicit Chemistry and Kinetics of Organics in the Atmosphere to calculate Henry's law constants for these intermediate species. Results show a strong negative correlation between Henry's law constants and saturation vapor pressures. Details depend on precursor species, extent of photochemical processing, and NOx levels. Henry's law constants as a function of volatility are made available over a wide range of vapor pressures for use in 3-D models. In an application using the Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) over the U.S. in summer, we find that dry (and wet) deposition of condensable organic vapors leads to major reductions in SOA, decreasing surface concentrations by ~50% (10%) for biogenic and ~40% (6%) for short chain anthropogenic precursors under the considered volatility conditions.

  12. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

  13. Theoretical Insight of Physical Adsorption for a Single Component Adsorbent + Adsorbate System: II. The Henry Region

    KAUST Repository

    Chakraborty, Anutosh

    2009-07-07

    The Henry coefficients of a single component adsorbent + adsorbate system are calculated from experimentally measured adsorption isotherm data, from which the heat of adsorption at zero coverage is evaluated. The first part of the papers relates to the development of thermodynamic property surfaces for a single-component adsorbent + adsorbate system1 (Chakraborty, A.; Saha, B. B.; Ng, K. C.; Koyama, S.; Srinivasan, K. Langmuir 2009, 25, 2204). A thermodynamic framework is presented to capture the relationship between the specific surface area (Ai) and the energy factor, and the surface structural and the surface energy heterogeneity distribution factors are analyzed. Using the outlined approach, the maximum possible amount of adsorbate uptake has been evaluated and compared with experimental data. It is found that the adsorbents with higher specific surface areas tend to possess lower heat of adsorption (ΔH°) at the Henry regime. In this paper, we have established the definitive relation between Ai and ΔH° for (i) carbonaceous materials, metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon nanotubes, zeolites + hydrogen, and (ii) activated carbons + methane systems. The proposed theoretical framework of At and AH0 provides valuable guides for researchers in developing advanced porous adsorbents for methane and hydrogen uptake. © 2009 American Chemical Society.

  14. Michel Henry e os problemas da encarnação: o corpo doente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Vendramel Ferreira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Em sua teoria da encarnação, Michel Henry subverte radicalmente o paradigma cartesiano tal como é entendido pela fenomenologia tradicional, oferecendo à psicologia e a outras áreas do saber a concepção da indissociabilidade entre a subjetividade e o corpo. Ele concebe o corpo como subjetivo e o denomina carne, sendo que as dissociações são modos de padecimento da individualidade encarnada. Contudo, Michel Henry não tematiza os problemas da encarnação e suas consequências, sendo que tais problemas podem advir de degenerações orgânicas. É relevante para a clínica psicológica tematizarmos sobre os problemas da encarnação, pois o modo como vivemos o corpo é o modo como habitamos a carne. O objetivo deste trabalho é buscar compreender a questão da encarnação nas degenerações orgânicas e como elas afetam a constituição do Si. Para tanto, será utilizado o sentido da audição e sua perda como fio condutor na abordagem da problemática.

  15. Structure-activity relationships to estimate the effective Henry's law constants of organics of atmospheric interest

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    T. Raventos-Duran

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The Henry's law constant is a key property needed to address the multiphase behaviour of organics in the atmosphere. Methods that can reliably predict the values for the vast number of organic compounds of atmospheric interest are therefore required. The effective Henry's law constant H* in air-water systems at 298 K was compiled from literature for 488 organic compounds bearing functional groups of atmospheric relevance. This data set was used to assess the reliability of the HENRYWIN bond contribution method and the SPARC approach for the determination of H*. Moreover, this data set was used to develop GROMHE, a new Structure Activity Relationship (SAR based on a group contribution approach. These methods estimate logH* with a Root Mean Square Error (RMSE of 0.38, 0.61, and 0.73 log units for GROMHE, SPARC and HENRYWIN respectively. The results show that for all these methods the reliability of the estimates decreases with increasing solubility. The main differences among these methods lie in H* prediction for compounds with H* greater than 103 M atm−1. For these compounds, the predicted values of logH* using GROMHE are more accurate (RMSE = 0.53 than the estimates from SPARC or HENRYWIN.

  16. Determination of Henry's law constants for low volatile mixed halogenated anisoles using solid-phase microextraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Alfredo; Ventura, Francesc; Galceran, Maria Teresa

    2007-04-18

    Trihalogenated anisoles (THAs) that have been identified at low concentration levels (ngL(-1)) in drinking water are suspected of causing odor episodes, which are a frequent source of complaint by consumers. Henry's law constant (K(H)) is an important parameter in controlling the diffusion of organic compounds from the water to the vapor-phase, so its evaluation is of significance in the study of odor events. In this paper, the K(H) of a wide range of trihalogenated anisoles--in its dimensionless form [Formula: see text]--were calculated at two temperatures, 45 and 22 degrees C using equilibration partitioning in a closed system and headspace microextraction (EPICS-SPME). Two methodological approaches, Ramachandran and Dewulf, were used for the assessment of the Henry's law constant. Nevertheless, to apply these methods to THAs, a relatively narrow headspace/water volume ratio range (80/1-8/1) is required. At these conditions, a linearity (r(2)) using Ramachandran's theoretical relationship from 0.9276 to 0.9989 was obtained and the variability (R.S.D.%) when Dewulf's theoretical relationship was employed was lower than 20% (n=5).

  17. A Biography of Henri Poincar\\'e - 2012 Centenary of the Death of Poincar\\'e

    CERN Document Server

    Weinstein, Galina

    2012-01-01

    On January 4, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincar\\'e's death, a colloquium was held in Nancy, France the subject of which was "Vers une biographie d'Henri Poincar\\'e". Scholars discussed several approaches for writing a biography of Poincar\\'e. In this paper I present a personal and scientific biographical sketch of Poincar\\'e, which does not in any way reflect Poincar\\'e's rich personality and immense activity in science: When Poincar\\'e traveled to parts of Europe, Africa and America, his companions noticed that he knew well everything from statistics to history and curious customs and habits of peoples. He was almost teaching everything in science. He was so encyclopedic that he dealt with the outstanding questions in the different branches of physics and mathematics; he had altered whole fields of science such as non-Euclidean geometry, Arithmetic, celestial mechanics, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, optics, electrodynamics, Maxwell's theory, and other topics from the forefront of Fin de Si\\`ecle phys...

  18. A magia desencantada: Henry James e o caso de "Os amigos dos amigos"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pen

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Por meio do exame do conto "Os amigos dos amigos" ("The friends of the friends", de Henry James, bem como de seu processo de criação, este trabalho investiga a categoria do duplo confrontando as suas fontes primitivas com sua adoção na narrativa moderna - um confronto que nos permite sugerir uma chave de interpretação para a ficção jamesiana, e ainda discutir a presença do sobrenatural numa sociedade que privilegia o espetáculo, a publicidade, a novidade, o consumo e o progresso.In order to investigate the category of the double or the Doppelgänger, this paper examines both the short story "The friends of the friends", by Henry James, and its literary creation. By checking the primitive sources of such category against its adoption in the 19th-century narrative, we suggest a key for interpreting the Jamesian fiction, and also discuss the survival of the supernatural in a society that favors the spectacle, the advertising, the novelty, the consumption of goods, and the progress.

  19. Henri Mendras

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Georges Friedmann fut mon professeur en dernière année de Sciences-Po, en 1948. Il inaugurait son cours de sociologie industrielle où il nous faisait découvrir les enquêtes américaines, notamment, celle de Elton Mayo à la Western Electric. À cette époque, la condition ouvrière était la préoccupation sociale primordiale des jeunes bourgeois soucieux d’une plus grande justice. Pour ma part, j’étais membre des Équipes sociales de Robert Garric et j’allais chaque mercredi soir rencontrer de jeune...

  20. The American Century of Henry R. Luce Le « Siècle américain » selon Henry R. Luce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Whitfield

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Stephen J. Whitfield se penche ici sur l’éditorial controversé du magnat de la presse américain Henry R. Luce, “The American Century”, publié dans le magazine Life le 17 février 1941. Paru en temps de crise – la Grande Dépression – et de guerres – celle en Mandchourie mais aussi la Seconde Guerre mondiale – son éditorial proposait une mission nationale commune selon laquelle les Etats-Unis, étant donné leur exceptionnalisme, devaient d’une part mettre un terme à leur politique isolationniste pour embrasser l’interventionnisme et, d’autre part, en tant que puissance mondiale démocratique, montrer aux autres civilisations la voie qui les mènerait simultanément à la liberté et à une société d’affluence. Animé d’une foi presbytérienne et d’une conviction dans le modèle de la libre-entreprise, ce Républicain fut mal compris par certains de ses contemporains qui virent dans cette personnalité passionnée un défenseur absolu de l’Amérique. Il le reste d’ailleurs majoritairement plus d’un demi-siècle plus tard dans la mesure où, ainsi que le souligne Stephen J. Whitfield, si la formule “The American Century” perdure, de façon parfois galvaudée, dans les manuels d’histoire, son nom y est manifestement absent. Le présent article, en ancrant la pensée de ce magnat de la presse dans le contexte contemporain à la publication de son éditorial contribue à réhabiliter Henry R. Luce et à souligner l’importance de ce texte visionnaire dans l’expression d’une identité américaine.

  1. Mapping Henry: Synchrotron-sourced X-ray fluorescence mapping and ultra-high-definition scanning of an early Tudor portrait of Henry VIII

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dredge, Paula; Ives, Simon; Howard, Daryl L.; Spiers, Kathryn M.; Yip, Andrew; Kenderdine, Sarah

    2015-11-01

    A portrait of Henry VIII on oak panel c. 1535 has recently undergone technical examination to inform questions regarding authorship and the painting's relationship to a group of similar works in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery, London, and the Society of Antiquaries. Due to previous conservation treatments of the painting, the conventional transmission X-radiograph image was difficult to interpret. As a result, the painting underwent high-definition X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental mapping on the X-ray fluorescence microscopy beamline of the Australian Synchrotron. Scans were conducted at 12.6 and 18.5 keV, below and above the lead (Pb) L edges, respectively. Typical scan parameters were 120 μm pixel size at 7 ms dwell time, with the largest scan covering an area 545 × 287 mm2 collected in 23 h (10.8 MP). XRF mapping of the panel has guided the conservation treatment of the painting and the revelation of previously obscured features. It has also provided insight into the process of making of the painting. The informative and detailed elemental maps, alongside ultra-high-definition scans of the painting undertaken before and after varnish and over-paint removal, have assisted in comparison of the finely painted details with the London paintings. The resolution offered by the combination of imaging techniques identifies pigment distribution at an extremely fine scale, enabling a new understanding of the artist's paint application.

  2. Mapping Henry: Synchrotron-sourced X-ray fluorescence mapping and ultra-high-definition scanning of an early Tudor portrait of Henry VIII

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dredge, Paula; Ives, Simon [Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW), Sydney, NSW (Australia); Howard, Daryl L.; Spiers, Kathryn M. [Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, VIC (Australia); Yip, Andrew [Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW), Sydney, NSW (Australia); University of New South Wales, Laboratory for Innovation in Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums (iGLAM), National Institute for Experimental Arts, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Kenderdine, Sarah [University of New South Wales, Laboratory for Innovation in Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums (iGLAM), National Institute for Experimental Arts, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    2015-11-15

    A portrait of Henry VIII on oak panel c. 1535 has recently undergone technical examination to inform questions regarding authorship and the painting's relationship to a group of similar works in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery, London, and the Society of Antiquaries. Due to previous conservation treatments of the painting, the conventional transmission X-radiograph image was difficult to interpret. As a result, the painting underwent high-definition X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental mapping on the X-ray fluorescence microscopy beamline of the Australian Synchrotron. Scans were conducted at 12.6 and 18.5 keV, below and above the lead (Pb) L edges, respectively. Typical scan parameters were 120 μm pixel size at 7 ms dwell time, with the largest scan covering an area 545 x 287 mm{sup 2} collected in 23 h (10.8 MP). XRF mapping of the panel has guided the conservation treatment of the painting and the revelation of previously obscured features. It has also provided insight into the process of making of the painting. The informative and detailed elemental maps, alongside ultra-high-definition scans of the painting undertaken before and after varnish and over-paint removal, have assisted in comparison of the finely painted details with the London paintings. The resolution offered by the combination of imaging techniques identifies pigment distribution at an extremely fine scale, enabling a new understanding of the artist's paint application. (orig.)

  3. Publicações póstumas de Henri Fayol: revisitando sua teoria administrativa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Miranda de Souza

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O engenheiro francês Henri Fayol (1841-1925 é usualmente apresentado aos estudantes de Administração como o Pai da Escola Clássica de Administração, o que demonstra uma representação limitada da amplitude de sua contribuição para a evolução do pensamento administrativo. Além disso, é frequentemente associado ao seu contemporâneo, o teórico norte-americano Frederick Taylor, sendo aos dois atribuída a defesa de um modelo autoritário de administração. Entretanto, recentemente, pesquisadores descobriram, através do exame de documentos raros e inéditos, um desconhecido retrato desse pioneiro. Este trabalho resulta de uma investigação que buscou levantar fontes de informação bibliográfica disponíveis, publicadas ou não, incluindo resultados de trabalhos de pesquisadores da França, dos Estados Unidos, do Canadá, da Austrália e do Japão. Esses pesquisadores compõem um reduzido grupo de estudiosos, aqui denominados “novos fayolistas” porque retomam, depois de anos de quase amnésia no meio acadêmico, o interesse pelas contribuições de Henri Fayol. Tais estudos revelam conceitos desenvolvidos por Fayol que antecipam aspectos de teorias e práticas da Administração que, somente mais tarde, seriam desenvolvidas, como a Escola de Relações Humanas, a Teoria Contingencial e o Planejamento Estratégico. Ao apresentar as recentes pesquisas sobre o homem e o teórico Henri Fayol, este estudo permite, aos docentes e estudantes de língua portuguesa, acesso a escritos e palestras de sua autoria que, até então, permaneciam desconhecidos.

  4. Smog chamber experiments to investigate Henry's law constants of glyoxal using different seed aerosols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakob, Ronit

    2014-05-01

    Aerosols play an important role in the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere. Hence, they have a direct as well as an indirect impact on the earth's climate. Depending on their formation, one distinguishes between primary and secondary aerosols[1]. Important groups within the secondary aerosols are the secondary organic aerosols (SOAs). In order to improve predictions about these impacts on the earth's climate the existing models need to be optimized, because they still underestimate SOA formation[2]. Glyoxal, the smallest α-dicarbonyl, not only acts as a tracer for SOA formation but also as a direct contributor to SOA. Because glyoxal has such a high vapour pressure, it was common knowledge that it does not take part in gas-particle partitioning and therefore has no impact on direct SOA formation. However, the Henry's law constant for glyoxal is surprisingly high. This has been explained by the hydration of the aldehyde groups, which means that a species with a lower vapour pressure is produced. Therefore the distribution of glyoxal between gas- and particle phase is atmospherically relevant and the direct contribution of glyoxal to SOA can no longer be neglected. A high salt concentration present in chamber seed aerosols leads to an enhanced glyoxal uptake into the particle. This effect is called "salting-in". The salting effect depends on the composition of the seed aerosol as well as the soluble compound. For very polar compounds, like glyoxal, a "salting-in" is observed[3]. Glyoxal particle formation during a smog chamber campaign at Paul-Scherrer-Institut (PSI) in Switzerland was examined using different seed aerosols such as ammonium sulfate, sodium chloride and sodium nitrate. The aim of this campaign was to investigate Henry's law constants for different seed aerosols. During the campaign filter samples were taken to investigate the amount of glyoxal in the particle phase. After filter extraction, the analyte was derivatized and measured using UHPLC

  5. Searching for Politics with Henry Giroux: Through Cultural Studies to Public Pedagogy and the "Terror of Neoliberalism"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Christopher G.

    2009-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux is recognized as one of the fifty most significant thinkers on education in the 20th century. He is also considered a scholar of immense influence in a number of fields internationally, hardly an inconsequential accolade in a century noted for a glut of educational and social thinkers. Yet, its wide-ranging and ever-expanding…

  6. "Young People Are No Longer at Risk--They Are the Risk": Henry Giroux's "Youth in a Suspect Society"

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClennen, Sophia A.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes Henry Giroux's recent book Youth in a Suspect Society: democracy or disposability? (Palgrave, 2009) and situates it within his post-9/11 critical interventions. Giroux has focused his recent work on theorizing, critiquing and challenging the confluence of militarization, corporatization and right-wing ideology that has…

  7. Is There a Role for Critical Pedagogy in Language/Culture Studies? An Interview with Henry A. Giroux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilherme, Manuela

    2006-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux became established as a leading figure in radical education theory in the 1980s. Not only did he revive the arguments for civic education proposed by the main educational theorists of the 20th century, namely Dewey, Freire and others such as the reconstructionists Counts, Rugg and Brameld, but he also advanced their theories by…

  8. Disposable Youth/Damaged Democracy: Youth, Neoliberalism, and the Promise of Pedagogy in the Work of Henry Giroux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Christopher G.

    2012-01-01

    Perhaps more extensively and provocatively than any other contemporary theorist, Henry Giroux has theorized the relationship between youth and democratic public life. Beginning arguably with his first book, Ideology, Culture, and the Process of Schooling (Temple University Press, 1981), and continuing across a number of critically acclaimed works…

  9. Measurement of Henry's Law Constants Using Internal Standards: A Quantitative GC Experiment for the Instrumental Analysis or Environmental Chemistry Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Chang; Boisvert, Susanne M.; Arida, Ann-Marie C.; Day, Shannon E.

    2008-01-01

    An internal standard method applicable to undergraduate instrumental analysis or environmental chemistry laboratory has been designed and tested to determine the Henry's law constants for a series of alkyl nitriles. In this method, a mixture of the analytes and an internal standard is prepared and used to make a standard solution (organic solvent)…

  10. Computational study of the effect of glyoxal-sulfate clustering on the Henry's Law coefficient of glyoxal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurtén, Theo; Elm, Jonas; Prisle, Nønne L.

    2015-01-01

    -containing aerosol particles. This promotes the participation of glyoxal in reactions leading to secondary organic aerosol formation, especially in regions with high sulfate concentrations. We used our computed equilibrium constants for the complexation reactions to assess the magnitude of the Henry's law...

  11. SENSORINEURAL HEARING PROCESSES AND DISORDERS, HENRY FORD HOSPTIAL INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM (DETROIT, MICHIGAN, MARCH 25-27, 1965).

    Science.gov (United States)

    GRAHMA, A. BRUCE, ED.

    IN ORDER TO PROVIDE BOTH CLINICIAN AND INVESTIGATOR WITH A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS, CAUSES, IDENTIFICATION, AND HANDLING OF SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSSES, THE HENRY FORD HOSPITAL INVITED INVESTIGATORS IN PSYCHOACOUSTICS, OTIOLOGY, OTONEUROLOGY, PHSIOLOGY, AND AUDIOLOGY TO SHARE THEIR RESEARCH AND CLINICAL FINDINGS. THE RESULTING 40…

  12. An Analysis of Some Aspects of Social Conflict at Henry Ford Community College (1963-1973). Research Summary #4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Ray A.

    This paper summarizes the findings of a ten-year longitudinal research study of attitude changes among faculty resulting, at least partially, from their collective bargaining experience. The study focused on Henry Ford Community College (Michigan), using the participant-observation approach. A number of techniques for gathering qualitative…

  13. Constituting Antebellum African American Identity: Resistance, Violence, and Masculinity in Henry Highland Garnet's (1843) "Address to the Slaves"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasinski, James

    2007-01-01

    In August 1843 Presbyterian minister Henry Highland Garnet delivered his "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America" to the National Convention of Colored Citizens in Buffalo, NY. While often read (and almost as often dismissed) as either an unqualified call for a violent slave rebellion or, at the least, a celebration of…

  14. All Are Worthy to Know the Earth: Henry De la Beche and the Origin of Geological Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clary, Renee M.; Wandersee, James H.

    2009-01-01

    Henry T. De la Beche (1796-1855) began his geological career within an elite circle (Geological Society of London, 1817; FRS, 1819), collaborating with influential gentlemen geologists and publishing original research. When his independent income dwindled, De la Beche managed to secure governmental funding for his mapping projects. This led to…

  15. Shanghai College: An architectural history of the campus designed by Henry K. Murphy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Hong

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available American architect Henry Killam Murphy contributed extensively in designing college campuses, making him a significant figure in the history of modern Chinese architecture. This study investigates the influence of Western architecture on modern Chinese architecture based on the master plan of Shanghai College and its architectural design by Murphy. Shanghai College has been maintained by American Baptists since 1906. Its campus is the largest missionary college in China. The Shanghai municipal government designated the campus as a “HERITAGE ARCHITECTURE.” Thus, studying the design characteristics of Shanghai College is important to understand the history of Chinese architecture. From an architectural-historical point of view, studying the design of Shanghai College also helps describe the propagation and development of Western architecture in China. This study determines the historical significance of Shanghai College to help enhance the value of its buildings.

  16. Jean-François Bert (dir.), Henri Hubert et la sociologie des religions

    OpenAIRE

    Lassave, Pierre

    2017-01-01

    Après l’hécatombe de la Première Guerre, qui a durement touché l’école durkheimienne, Marcel Mauss n’a eu de cesse de publier les travaux de ses collègues disparus. Tel fut le cas des Mélanges de sociologie religieuse et de folklore de Robert Hertz en 1928 puis des travaux d’histoire culturelle sur les Celtes et les Germains d’Henri Hubert, son ami proche, prématurément décédé à l’âge de cinquante-cinq ans en 1927 (sur leur gémellité intellectuelle, voir notre recension d’un précédent essai, ...

  17. The biologist as psychologist: Henry Fairfield Osborn's early mental ability investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jacy L

    2012-01-01

    In the early 1880s, biologist Henry Fairfield Osborn conducted some of the first questionnaire research in American psychology. This article details how he came to distribute Francis Galton's questionnaire on mental imagery in the United States, as well as how he altered it to suit his own burgeoning psychological research interests. The development and circulation of questionnaires at the very beginning of American scientific psychology, first by Osborn and later by G. Stanley Hall, is discussed in terms of the new psychology's often-overlooked methodological plurality. Further, Osborn's late nineteenth century interest in individual variation and group differences in mental imagery ability are discussed in relation to his pervasive educational and social concerns, as well as his eventual status as a prominent eugenicist in the twentieth century United States. This research into mental imagery ability foreshadows the eugenic-oriented intelligence testing that developed in the early twentieth century. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Publicações póstumas de Henri Fayol: revisitando sua teoria administrativa.

    OpenAIRE

    Edson Miranda de Souza; Afrânio Carvalho Aguiar

    2011-01-01

    O engenheiro francês Henri Fayol (1841-1925) é usualmente apresentado aos estudantes de Administração como o Pai da Escola Clássica de Administração, o que demonstra uma representação limitada da amplitude de sua contribuição para a evolução do pensamento administrativo. Além disso, é frequentemente associado ao seu contemporâneo, o teórico norte-americano Frederick Taylor, sendo aos dois atribuída a defesa de um modelo autoritário de administração. Entretanto, recentemente, pesquisadores des...

  19. Publicações póstumas de Henri Fayol: revisitando sua teoria administrativa

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Edson Miranda De; Aguiar, Afrânio Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    O engenheiro francês Henri Fayol (1841-1925) é usualmente apresentado aos estudantes de Administração como o Pai da Escola Clássica de Administração, o que demonstra uma representação limitada da amplitude de sua contribuição para a evolução do pensamento administrativo. Além disso, é frequentemente associado ao seu contemporâneo, o teórico norte-americano Frederick Taylor, sendo aos dois atribuída a defesa de um modelo autoritário de administração. Entretanto, recentemente, pesquisadores des...

  20. An improved approach for measuring Henry's law coefficients of atmospheric organics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kish, J. Duncan; Leng, Chunbo; Kelley, Judas; Hiltner, Joseph; Zhang, Yunhong; Liu, Yong

    2013-11-01

    In this work, we present an improved method for Henry's law constant, KH, measurements by coupling a bubble column system with a gas cell/infrared spectrometer. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, we measured KH of atmospheric organics from three different classes, namely, toluene (hydrocarbon), sec-butylamine (amine), and cineole (ether). We also reported temperature and ionic strength effects on the KH values of sec-butylamine for the first time. As shown in this work, the method is highly capable of determining KH of atmospheric organic species regardless the presence of heteroatoms and the occurrence of hydration in water. It is very versatile, easy to use, reliable, and efficient. It is also well-suited for undergraduate students to conduct environmental chemical science research during academic semesters.

  1. Determination of Henry's law constants of phenols by pervaporation-flow injection analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheikheldin, S Y; Cardwell, T J; Cattrall, R W; Luque de Castro, M D; Kolev, S D

    2001-01-01

    A novel dynamic nonequilibrium technique for the determination of Henry's law constant (HLC) of phenols based on pervaporation-flow injection (PFI) is described. A linear relationship between HLC and the amount of phenol measured by a detector in the acceptor line of a PFI system was demonstrated. This relationship was constructed using five frequently encountered phenols (phenol, 2,4-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2-chlorophenol, and 2,3-dimethylphenol) and used for the determination of the HLC of three other phenols (2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2-methylphenol, and 3-methylphenol). The HLC of all eight phenols were also determined by the single equilibrium static technique (SEST). Fairly good agreementwas observed between both techniques regarding the HLC of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2-methylphenol, and 3-methylphenol. On the basis of the results obtained, it was concluded that the PFI technique offers considerable advantages over SEST in terms of precision, speed, labor intensity, and possibilities for automation.

  2. Anarchism and homosexuality in Wilhelmine Germany: Senna Hoy, Erich Mühsam, John Henry Mackay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fähnders, W

    1995-01-01

    Homosexuality and its social and legal suppression were heatedly discussed in early twentieth-century Germany, including on the left. Among the anarchists, positions with markedly diverse forms of argument were espoused by such prominent advocates of individualist anarchism as John Henry Mackay and by others coming from the Bakuninist tradition, such as Senna Hoy and Erich Mühsam. Their writings evidence that prior to World War I and into the 1920s, German anarchists--especially when compared with the Social Democrats--intervened consistently on behalf of individual self-determination extending into the sexual sphere, even though an undercurrent of hostility toward homosexuals persisted within the leftist movement as a whole.

  3. Henry Moore’s Public Sculpture in the US: The Collaborations with I. M. Pei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Potts

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The many commissions Henry Moore received for public sculpture in the United States provided the occasion for several quite distinctive works. While not site specific, these were unique, and their final form, scale, and disposition was elaborated with a particular setting in mind. This aspect of Moore’s work in the US, which began with the monumental piece he designed for the Lincoln Center in New York in 1963–65, is examined here by focusing on the productive relationship he forged with the architect I. M. Pei in the 1970s. The sculptures Moore produced in collaboration with Pei respond in suggestive ways to the spatial environments created in American cities by late modern architectural developments. They also realize an oddly effective combination of the biomorphic and abstract that differs both from the bodily conception of Moore’s earlier work and the non-figurative character of much public sculpture of the time.

  4. The main sources of Henry Swinburne’s Travels Through Spain (1979

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fco. Pérez Berenguel

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the different documentary sources, both oral and written, used by the English traveller Henry Swinburne in his book Travels through Spain in the years 1775 and 1776 (London, 1779. It covers his main references to Spanish, English and French literature, focussing especially on the outstanding influence of Don Quixote; the book’s etymological and historical sources, both classical and contemporary; and finally two highly significant modern testimonies. One is the translation of an anonymous text written by a Spanish officer describing in detail the navy’s failed landing in Algiers (1775. The other includes a detailed description, provided by an Irish merchant settled in Spain, of the different types of «barrilla», a plant that was highly appreciated and productively exported at the time.

  5. Samuel Hartlib on the death of Descartes: a rediscovered letter to Henry More

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penman, Leigh T. I.

    2015-01-01

    This paper discloses the content of a previously overlooked epistle by the Anglo-Prussian intelligencer Samuel Hartlib to Henry More concerning the death of René Descartes. After a discussion situating the letter within the sequence of the More–Hartlib correspondence, an analysis of the rhetorical structure of the epistle is offered, followed by a brief assessment of Hartlib's attitude towards Descartes, and the identification of his source concerning the news of the philosopher's death. An account of the transmission of the letter via a nineteenth-century periodical is also provided. The text of Hartlib's letter and an overlooked passage of Hartlib's diary concerning Descartes's death, which draws on the content of the More letter, are presented as appendixes.

  6. A Note on Child Neglect in American Victorianism: Henry James’ "The Pupil"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gül KOÇSOY

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the theme of “neglected child” in Henry James’ “The Pupil” (1891 is explored. Morgan is a neglected child with unscrupulous parents who hold strictly on the Victorian values which reflect American cultural consciousness in the last decades of 19th century. Although he is a brilliant boy, the family does not love him; because he reminds them of their vulgarity. They neglect him physically and emotionally, seeing him as a burden. Although his tutor tries to keep the boy from the family’s corruption, he contributes to his death; he neglects his illness and deserts him when he is most needy. As an interpreter, James draws attention to the situation of children that are not working but being tutored at home. He criticizes this culture’s general attitude towards children. It is a disturbing social reality and he shows how that materialistic culture victimizes children in terms of neglectful parenting

  7. About Time. Physics, Philosophy and the Battle Between Albert Einstein and Henri Bergson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Adam

    The historical relationship between physics and philosophy has had many famous high and low points. The two function best when both can challenge and support each other. In this talk I explore the famous debate between Albert Einstein and Henri Bergson over the nature of time. While history rightly judged Einstein to have won the debate in terms of relativity, there were deeper aspects of Bergsons critique that remain unappreciated. We will explore the different ways philosophy approaches the issue of time. In particular, we will look at the Continental Schools\\x9D, such as Phenomenology, which brings a unique perspective to the debate lying outside the traditional approach of physicists. From this perspective questions related to the act of being an observer, its essential subjective nature and the proper context of physics can be explored.

  8. Style and non-style in anatomical illustration: From Renaissance Humanism to Henry Gray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Style is a familiar category for the analysis of art. It is less so in the history of anatomical illustration. The great Renaissance and Baroque picture books of anatomy illustrated with stylish woodcuts and engravings, such as those by Charles Estienne, Andreas Vesalius and Govard Bidloo, showed figures in dramatic action in keeping with philosophical and theological ideas about human nature. Parallels can be found in paintings of the period, such as those by Titian, Michelangelo and Hans Baldung Grien. The anatomists also claimed to portray the body in an objective manner, and showed themselves as heroes of the discovery of human knowledge. Rembrandt’s painting of Dr Nicholas Tulp is the best-known image of the anatomist as hero. The British empirical tradition in the 18th century saw William Cheselden and William Hunter working with techniques of representation that were intended to guarantee detailed realism. The ambition to portray forms life-size led to massive volumes, such as those by Antonio Mascagni. John Bell, the Scottish anatomist, criticized the size and pretensions of the earlier books and argued for a plain style adapted to the needs of teaching and surgery. Henry Gray’s famous Anatomy of 1858, illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter, aspired to a simple descriptive mode of functional representation that avoided stylishness, resulting in a style of its own. Successive editions of Gray progressively saw the replacement of Gray’s method and of all his illustrations. The 150th anniversary edition, edited by Susan Standring, radically re-thinks the role of Gray’s book within the teaching of medicine. PMID:20447244

  9. Style and non-style in anatomical illustration: From Renaissance Humanism to Henry Gray.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2010-02-01

    Style is a familiar category for the analysis of art. It is less so in the history of anatomical illustration. The great Renaissance and Baroque picture books of anatomy illustrated with stylish woodcuts and engravings, such as those by Charles Estienne, Andreas Vesalius and Govard Bidloo, showed figures in dramatic action in keeping with philosophical and theological ideas about human nature. Parallels can be found in paintings of the period, such as those by Titian, Michelangelo and Hans Baldung Grien. The anatomists also claimed to portray the body in an objective manner, and showed themselves as heroes of the discovery of human knowledge. Rembrandt's painting of Dr Nicholas Tulp is the best-known image of the anatomist as hero. The British empirical tradition in the 18th century saw William Cheselden and William Hunter working with techniques of representation that were intended to guarantee detailed realism. The ambition to portray forms life-size led to massive volumes, such as those by Antonio Mascagni. John Bell, the Scottish anatomist, criticized the size and pretensions of the earlier books and argued for a plain style adapted to the needs of teaching and surgery. Henry Gray's famous Anatomy of 1858, illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter, aspired to a simple descriptive mode of functional representation that avoided stylishness, resulting in a style of its own. Successive editions of Gray progressively saw the replacement of Gray's method and of all his illustrations. The 150th anniversary edition, edited by Susan Standring, radically re-thinks the role of Gray's book within the teaching of medicine.

  10. Rationale and design of the Henry Ford Exercise Testing Project (the FIT project).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; Keteyian, Steven J; Brawner, Clinton A; Whelton, Seamus; Blaha, Michael J

    2014-08-01

    Although physical fitness is a powerful prognostic marker in clinical medicine, most cardiovascular population-based studies do not have a direct measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness. In line with the call from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute for innovative, low-cost, epidemiologic studies leveraging electronic medical record (EMR) data, we describe the rationale and design of the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing Project (The FIT Project). The FIT Project is unique in its combined use of directly measured clinical exercise data retrospective collection of medical history and medication treatment data at the time of the stress test, retrospective supplementation of supporting clinical data using the EMR and administrative databases and epidemiologic follow-up for cardiovascular events and total mortality via linkage with claims files and the death registry. The FIT Project population consists of 69 885 consecutive physician-referred patients (mean age, 54 ± 10 years; 54% males) who underwent Bruce protocol treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Affiliated Hospitals between 1991 and 2009. Patients were followed for the primary outcomes of death, myocardial infarction, and need for coronary revascularization. The median estimated peak metabolic equivalent (MET) level was 10, with 17% of the patients having a severely reduced fitness level (METs < 6). At the end of the follow-up duration, 15.9%, 5.6%, and 6.7% of the patients suffered all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or revascularization procedures, respectively. The FIT Project is the largest study of physical fitness to date. With its use of modern electronic clinical epidemiologic techniques, it is poised to answer many clinically relevant questions related to exercise capacity and prognosis. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. The Promotion and Reception of British Sculpture Abroad, 1948–1960: Herbert Read, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, and the “Young British Sculptors”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Meyric Hughes

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1945, Europe lay in ruins. Networks needed to be established, new alliances forged. UNESCO was a child of that time, and the idea of a united, democratic Europe took wing. During the period 1948–60, Modernism was at its height, and its shape was defined in a number of important exhibitions and publications. Herbert Read and others, with the support of the British Council, established an international presence for Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, and the postwar generation of “the Geometry of Fear”. In doing so, they introduced a particularly “English” flavour to the debates about European moral and spiritual reconstruction. Britain pioneered new forms of public patronage and display. In West Germany, the new British sculpture was interpreted as an expression of Western, humanist values, though it also carried intimations of the threat of nuclear war and destruction. Moore’s moderate Modernism and social democratic credentials went down well with artists in communist countries, who were seeking to escape from the narrow prescriptions of socialist realism. Over time, the British Council helped to create, and support, the notion of a self-regenerating sculptural tradition that was carried over until the full impact of globalization began to be felt, towards the end of the 1990s.

  12. Kuidas kommunikatsiooniga raha kaasata ehk sõna saab härra ühisrahastus / Henri Laupmaa ; intervjueerinud Dea Martinjonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laupmaa, Henri

    2015-01-01

    Intervjuu IT-ettevõtja, kodanikuühiskonna arendaja ning toetusplatvormi Hooandja ühe käivitaja Henri Laupmaaga Hooandja platvormi õnnestunud projektidest, uuest ühisrahastusplatvormist Fundwise, kommunikatsioonist ühisrahastusprojektide ellu viimisel

  13. [Crusading and chronicle writing on the medieval Baltic frontier: A companion to the chronicle of Henry of Livonia] / Radosław Biskup

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Biskup, Radosław

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Crusading and chronicle writing on the medieval Baltic frontier : a companion to the chronicle of Henry of Livonia, eds. Marek Tamm, Linda Kaljundi, Carsten Selch Jensen. Farnham ; Burlington (Vt.) : Ashgate, c2011

  14. HB1204: Deep-Sea Corals and Benthic Habitats in Northeast Deepwater Canyons on NOAA Ship Henry Bigelow between 20120703 and 20120718

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A multi-disciplinary team of scientists on the Henry Bigelow HB1204 mission surveyed and ground-truthed known or suspected deep-sea coral habitats associated with...

  15. Henry's Law Constants of Methane, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Ethanol from 273 to 498 K: Prediction from Molecular Simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Schnabel, T; Vrabec, J.; Hasse, H.

    2009-01-01

    noindent Henry's law constants of the solutes methane, nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide in the solvent ethanol are predicted by molecular simulation. The molecular models for the solutes are taken from previous work. For the solvent ethanol, a new rigid anisotropic united atom molecular model based on Lennard-Jones and Coulombic interactions is developed. It is adjusted to experimental pure component saturated liquid density and vapor pressure data. Henry's law constants are calculated by ...

  16. On the calculation of Henry's law constants of chlorinated benzenes in water from semiempirical quantum chemical methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Eduardo J; Alderete, Joel

    2002-01-01

    The Henry's law constants for all 12 polychlorinated benzene congeners were calculated using semiempirical quantum chemical solvation models (SM2, SM2.1, and SM3), and their performances are discussed. The values obtained by the SM3 method are underestimated compared with the experimental values and those calculated by SM2 and SM2.1 methods. This underestimation is larger as the degree of chlorination of the benzenes increases. This bad performance of SM3 to calculate Henry's law constants is attributable to the PM3 Hamiltonian, due to its incapacity to give a good description of electron density in chlorinated benzenes. The best results, within the 95% confidence limit of error of the experimental mean, are obtained using SM2 method. The discussion includes analysis of the different contributions to the free energy of solvation, namely, polarization free energy, cavitation, dispersion, and structural rearrangement of the solvent effects as well as partial atomic charges.

  17. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Henry Norris Russell Lecture: Fifty Years of Novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burbidge, E. M.

    1999-05-01

    It is easy to pick out my most memorable meeting of the AAS: the 149th meeting held in January, 1977, and hosted by the University of Hawaii, in Honolulu, HI. It was the meeting at which two traditions of the Society were broken, and we moved into the era of equal opportunity for women astronomers. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin received the highest award of the AAS: the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship. This award had never before been available to women, otherwise Cecilia would, years earlier, have been honored for the many achievements in her lifetime of renowned astronomical research. And I, the first woman to be elected President of the AAS, had the honor of presenting the illuminated scroll to Cecilia, and of introducing her on the platform where she delivered the Henry Norris Russell Prize Lecture, entitled ``Fifty Years of Novae"(1) . Cecilia opened by comparing the experience of young and old scientists in achieving exciting results from their research, and then led us through the history of the discoveries of and about some famous novae. She described the physical picture that emerged from studies of their light curves, their spectra, and the discovery of their binary nature. Three important tables were included, listing data on cataclysmic binaries (dwarf novae) and their link to the nova phenomenon in general. She recalled that she and Sergei Gaposchkin had hesitated between the names catastrophic and cataclysmic for the dwarf novae, and decided on the latter, from the dictionary definitions of those two terms: ``a cataclysm is a great and general flood" while a catastrophe ``is a final event". The nova phenomenon is recurrent, as are the dwarf novae, and both involve an outpouring of a flood of energy. She concluded by describing her 50 years' experience with novae as presenting ``the contemporary portrait of a nova", rather than a final picture, and by forecasting that the next 50 years of discovering and studying novae will be as full of surprises as the

  18. Prediction of environmental partition coefficients and the Henry's law constants for 135 congeners of chlorodibenzothiophene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puzyn, Tomasz; Rostkowski, Paweł; Swieczkowski, Artur; Jedrusiak, Aneta; Falandysz, Jerzy

    2006-03-01

    Polychlorinated dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs) could be classified as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the environment and are particularly interesting due to their structural resemblance to highly toxic dioxins. We show here some basic environmental properties such as n-octanol water (K(OW)), n-octanol/air (K(OA)) and air/water (K(AW)) partition coefficients as well as Henry's law constants (K(H)) for all 135 congeners of chlorodibenzothiophene. Predictions were made by regression of principal components (PCR) and with aid of a set of standard chemicals, for which physical-chemical properties are well featured. Computed K(OW), K(OA), K(AW) and K(H) values for mono-CDTs ranged, respectively, between 4.66 and 4.71, 7.48 and 7.55, -2.84 and -2.82, 3.56 and 3.74; for di-CDTs between 5.02 and 5.28, 8.03 and 8.29, -3.01 and -2.95, 2.42 and 2.75; for tri-CDTs between 5.53 and 5.70, 8.65 and 8.87, -3.2 and -3.11, 1.58 and 1.92; for tetra-CDTs between 5.95 and 6.13, 9.27 and 9.50, -3.39 and -3.27, 1.02 and 1.33; for penta-CDTs between 6.38 and 6.51, 9.88 and 10.05, -3.54 and -3.45, 0.72 and 0.88; for hexa-CDTs between 6.83 and 6.97, 10.54 and 10.66, -3.72 and -3.64, 0.47 and 0.56; for hepta-CDTs between 7.28 and 7.35, 11.12 and 11.20, -3.81 and -3.87, 0.33 and 0.38; for octa-CDT 7.74, 11.78, -4.04 and 0.23. An estimated value of the three types of partition coefficient and Henry's law constants suggest that polychlorinated dibenzothiophenes are lipophilic and semi-volatile persistent organic pollutants. Their mobility in the environment seems to be very similar to that of some well-known POPs such as polychlorinated dibenzofurans, -dibenzo-p-dioxins, and -biphenyls or organochlorine pesticides.

  19. Determination of temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of odorous contaminants and their application to human perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omür-Ozbek, Pinar; Dietrich, Andrea M

    2005-06-01

    A new method was developed to measure Henry's law constants at varying temperatures and from these data determine enthalpies of reactions for volatilization of aqueous compounds. The method was applied to 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB), geosmin, and trans-2,cis-6-nonadienal, which are three of the major odorous compounds found in natural and drinking water. The method used static headspace equilibrium in standard odor analysis flasks and SPME-GC/MS. Dimensionless Henry's law constants were determined at 20, 25, 32, and 39 degrees C in distilled water. Their values ranged from 0.002 to 0.02 and increased with increasing temperature. The study was continued by determining the effects of different concentrations of fulvic acid added to the aqueous media. Decreases of 5-40% in Henry's law constants were observed when fulvic acid was present; however the decrease was not correlated with the fulvic acid concentration. Fulvic acid at any concentration caused a small decrease in constants for geosmin and 2-MIB, yet a more substantial decrease was obtained for nonadienal. Finally, the gas-phase concentrations were predicted using measured Henry's law constants for known aqueous concentrations of 2-MIB, geosmin, and nonadienal at 25 and 45 degrees C. An increase in the gas-phase concentration was not correlated to an increase in human perception as determined by a trained human panel. It is concluded that, after some point, panelists were not able to perceive an increase in the odorant concentration. This has important implications for controlling nuisance odors in the environment.

  20. L'immagine visibile di un Dio che può essere: Michel Henry e Richard Kearney in dialogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonah M. Ford

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available   This article attempts an exploration of Michel Henry’s I Am the Truth and Richard Kearney’s The God Who May Be, as each appropriate the Husserlian critique of Kantian epistemology. Although Henry and Kearney both develop a Christian theology rooted in this Husserlian inheritance, their explication of the truths Christianity asserts is strikingly different. It is the assertion of this essay that this difference is primarily a textual one; or, to put it another way, it is conditioned first by their scriptural gaze.Cet article se propose de reprendre le contenu de Michel Henry, C’est moi, la vérité et Richard Kearney The God Who May Be, dans lesquels les auteurs analysent la critique husserlienne de l’épistémologie kantienne. Bien que Henry et Kearney tous les deux développent une théologie chrétienne enracinée dans cet héritage husserlien, leur explication des vérités affirmées du Christianisme est très différente. Pour nous, la différence entre eux est de type textuel, c’est à dire qu’elle dépend de l’analyse qu’ils font de la Sainte Écriture.Questo articolo si propone di riprendere il contenuto dei testi Io sono la verità di Michel Henry e The God Who May Be di Richard Kearney, nei quali i rispettivi autori analizzano la critica husserliana dell'epistemologia di Kant. Sebbene entrambi sviluppano una "teologia" cristiana radicata in questa eredità husserliana, la loro spiegazione delle verità cristiane è alquanto differente. Per noi, la differenza tra essi è di tipo testuale, vale a dire che dipende dall'analisi che essi fanno del testo biblico.

  1. Ciò che la scienza non sa. L'invisibile e la vita in Michel Henry

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Spagnuolo Vigorita

    2017-01-01

    This paper is intended to point out the way Michel Henry’s material phenomenology redefines the relationship between life and living beings, starting with the deconstruction of western’s ontological monism. The primacy given by the traditional culture to exteriority would have prevented from thinking life in its own specific phenomenality. On the contrary, Henry develops a reflection directed to trace all appearing back to its immanent and invisible mode of manif...

  2. Comparison of machine learning techniques to predict all-cause mortality using fitness data: the Henry ford exercIse testing (FIT) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakr, Sherif; Elshawi, Radwa; Ahmed, Amjad M; Qureshi, Waqas T; Brawner, Clinton A; Keteyian, Steven J; Blaha, Michael J; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2017-12-19

    Prior studies have demonstrated that cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a strong marker of cardiovascular health. Machine learning (ML) can enhance the prediction of outcomes through classification techniques that classify the data into predetermined categories. The aim of this study is to present an evaluation and comparison of how machine learning techniques can be applied on medical records of cardiorespiratory fitness and how the various techniques differ in terms of capabilities of predicting medical outcomes (e.g. mortality). We use data of 34,212 patients free of known coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent clinician-referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems Between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 10-year follow-up. Seven machine learning classification techniques were evaluated: Decision Tree (DT), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Naïve Bayesian Classifier (BC), Bayesian Network (BN), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Random Forest (RF). In order to handle the imbalanced dataset used, the Synthetic Minority Over-Sampling Technique (SMOTE) is used. Two set of experiments have been conducted with and without the SMOTE sampling technique. On average over different evaluation metrics, SVM Classifier has shown the lowest performance while other models like BN, BC and DT performed better. The RF classifier has shown the best performance (AUC = 0.97) among all models trained using the SMOTE sampling. The results show that various ML techniques can significantly vary in terms of its performance for the different evaluation metrics. It is also not necessarily that the more complex the ML model, the more prediction accuracy can be achieved. The prediction performance of all models trained with SMOTE is much better than the performance of models trained without SMOTE. The study shows the potential of machine learning methods for predicting all-cause mortality using cardiorespiratory fitness

  3. Henry's law constant of N,N-dichloromethylamine: application to the contamination of the atmosphere of indoor swimming pools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimetiere, Nicolas; De Laat, Joseph

    2009-10-01

    The volatility of N,N-dichloromethylamine (DCMA), a disinfection by-product formed during chlorination of swimming pool water, has been investigated in the present work. The Henry's law constants for DCMA were experimentally determined at five temperatures (5, 15, 25, 35 and 45 degrees C) using the single equilibrium technique. The volumic ratio between the gas and the water phases in the headspace vessels ranged from 1 to 60 and the initial concentration of DCMA in the aqueous solutions was approximately 2mM. The values obtained for the dimensionless Henry's law constant varied from 0.047 at 5 degrees C to 0.312 at 45 degrees C. The temperature dependence of the Henry's law constants followed the van't Hoff equation. Trace levels of DCMA (16-70 microg m(-3)) were detected in the atmosphere of an indoor swimming pool whereas the concentrations of DCMA in water pools were in the range 8.8-15 microg L(-1).

  4. The pleasures and perils of prophetic advocacy: Henry E. Sigerist and the politics of medical reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fee, E

    1996-11-01

    Henry E. Sigerist, an internationally renowned medical historian, played a surprisingly important and visible role in American medical politics in the 1930s and 1940s. Born in Paris of Swiss parents, he was professor in Leipzig, Germany, before coming to the United States in 1932 as professor of the history of medicine at Johns Hopkins University. Once in America. Sigerist became deeply involved in medical politics and the campaign for national health insurance. He argued that individualized medical practice was outdated and should gradually be superseded by state-run and state-financed health services. National health insurance was but one step in this historical progression. Sigerist thus lent the weight of history itself to the cause of medical care reform. The charming and erudite Sigerist was welcomed by the leaders of academic medicine in America. Soon, he emerged as a spokesman of the left wing of the medical profession, an effective and popular speaker and an impassioned advocate of socialized medicine. This paper traces Sigerist's political ideas and activities, and his contributions toward medical care reform in the United States.

  5. Henry Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management: Implications for Libraries and Information Centres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzuegbu, C. P.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses generally on the ‘fourteen principles of management’ by Henri Fayol. However, it specifically analyses their application to and implications for libraries and information centres. An extensive review of published works on management generally, and library management in particular, was conducted. This yielded vital insights on the original meaning and later modifications of these principles, as well as their application in the management of various organisations. Consequently, the strengths and weaknesses of these principles were examined to determine their suitability in libraries and information centres. Inferences, illustrations, and examples were drawn from both developed and developing countries which gives the paper a global perspective. Based on available literature, it was concluded that Fayol’s principles of management are as relevant to libraries as they are in other organisations. The paper, therefore, recommends that in addition to modifying some aspects to make these principles more responsive to the peculiar needs of libraries, further research should be undertaken to expand the breadth of these principles and ascertain their impacts on the management of information organisations.

  6. Fitness, Fatness, and Mortality: The FIT (Henry Ford Exercise Testing) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuley, Paul A; Blaha, Michael J; Keteyian, Steven J; Brawner, Clinton A; Al Rifai, Mahmoud; Dardari, Zeina A; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2016-09-01

    The combined influence of fitness and fatness on mortality risk in diverse populations has not been adequately explored. Our aim was to assess the relative impact of exercise capacity and body mass index (BMI) on all-cause mortality. We included 29,257 men and women (mean age 53 years; 27% African American) from The Henry Ford Exercise Testing (FIT) Project without cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus at baseline. All patients completed a symptom-limited maximal treadmill stress test between 1991 and 2009. Patients were grouped for analysis by exercise capacity (≥10 metabolic equivalents of task [METs] and mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazard models. During a mean follow-up of 10.8 years, 1898 patients (6.5%) died. We observed a strong inverse association between exercise capacity (per 1 MET unit) and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.86 [0.85-0.88]). Body mass index (per 1 BMI unit) was inversely related to mortality (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.98 [0.97-0.99]). In joint analysis, the highest mortality risk was in the mortality in this racially diverse population. Given the comparatively limited impact of BMI, more emphasis should be placed on measuring exercise capacity and developing strategies for its improvement in cardiovascular disease prevention programs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Henri Bergson y George Bernard Shaw: hábito, vida, muerte

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    Álvaro Cortina Urdampilleta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga en algunos aspectos de la antropología filosófica expuesta en la obra del francés Henri Bergson. Para ello, nos serviremos de la confrontación de su doctrina original con la de un bergsoniano sui generis, el intelectual y dramaturgo irlandés George Bernard Shaw. El Prefacio. A medio siglo infiel, de Shaw, incluido en su obra más ambiciosa, Vuelta a Matusalén. Un Pentateuco Metabiológico, de 1921, será el texto base con el que haremos dialogar a Bergson con este periférico bergsonismo. Tomaremos como hilo conductor la teoría sobre el hábito, en el contexto de la metafísica de la evolución de los seres orgánicos, y lo llevaremos hasta el concepto límite, que parece conciliar ambas posturas: la idea de muerte superable. Ni en Bergson ni en Shaw los hábitos (la Cultura forman parte integral de la esencia del hombre, y la muerte (cuestión en la que Bergson es mucho más elusivo juega en ellos un rol anfibio, entre Cultura y Naturaleza.

  8. Two-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann method for the anisotropic dispersive Henry problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servan-Camas, Borja; Tsai, Frank T.-C.

    2010-02-01

    This study develops a lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with a two-relaxation-time collision operator (TRT) to cope with anisotropic heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity and anisotropic velocity-dependent hydrodynamic dispersion in the saltwater intrusion problem. The directional-speed-of-sound technique is further developed to address anisotropic hydraulic conductivity and dispersion tensors. Forcing terms are introduced in the LBM to correct numerical errors that arise during the recovery procedure and to describe the sink/source terms in the flow and transport equations. In order to facilitate the LBM implementation, the forcing terms are combined with the equilibrium distribution functions (EDFs) to create pseudo-EDFs. This study performs linear stability analysis and derives LBM stability domains to solve the anisotropic advection-dispersion equation. The stability domains are used to select the time step at which the lattice Boltzmann method provides stable solutions to the numerical examples. The LBM was implemented for the anisotropic dispersive Henry problem with high ratios of longitudinal to transverse dispersivities, and the results compared well to the solutions in the work of Abarca et al. (2007).

  9. Derivation of the MMPI-2-RF Henry-Heilbronner Index-r (HHI-r) scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, George K; Heilbronner, Robert L; Algina, James; Kaya, Yasemin

    2013-01-01

    The 15-item Henry-Heilbronner Index (HHI) was published in 2006 as an MMPI-2 embedded measure of psychological response validity. When the MMPI-2 was revised in 2008 only 11 of the 15 original HHI items were retained on the MMPI-2-RF, prohibiting use of the HHI as an embedded validity indicator on the MMPI-2-RF. Using the original HHI sample an 11-item version of the HHI, the HHI-r, was evaluated for use as an embedded measure of psychological response validity for the MMPI-2-RF. The 11-item HHI-r was very similar to the HHI in classification accuracy. An HHI-r cutoff score of ≥7 was associated with a classification accuracy rate of 84.0%, good sensitivity (68.9%), and high specificity (93.2%) in identifying symptom exaggeration in personal injury and disability litigants versus non-litigating head-injured patients. These preliminary results suggest the HHI-r functions in a manner similar to the original HHI as a measure of psychological response validity, and may be used by psychologists and neuropsychologists as an MMPI-2-RF embedded validity indicator.

  10. Effects of temperature, pH, and ionic strength on the Henry's law constant of triethylamine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Chun-Bo; Roberts, Jason E.; Zeng, Guang; Zhang, Yun-Hong; Liu, Yong

    2015-05-01

    The Henry's law constants (KH) of triethylamine (TEA) in pure water and in 1-octanol were measured for the temperatures pertinent to the lower troposphere (278-298 K) using a bubble column system coupled to a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The KH values of TEA in water and 1-octanol at 298 K are 5.75 ± 0.86 mol L-1 atm-1 and 115.62 ± 5.78 mol L-1 atm-1. The KH values display strong dependence on temperature, pH, and ionic strength. The characteristic times for TEA to establish an equilibrium between gas and droplet with a size of 5.6 µm are ~33 s (298 K, pH = 5.6); ~8.9 × 102 s (278 K, pH = 5.6); ~1.3 × 103 s (298 K, pH = 4.0); and 3.6 × 104 s (278 K, pH = 4.0). The evaluation of TEA partitioning between gas phase and condensed phase implies that TEA predominantly resides in rainwater, and TEA loss to organic aerosol is negligible.

  11. Estimating octanol-air partition coefficients with octanol-water partition coefficients and Henry's law constants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meylan, William M; Howard, Philip H

    2005-11-01

    The octanol-air partition coefficient (K(OA)) is useful for predicting the partitioning behavior of organic compounds between air and environmental matrices such as soil, vegetation, and aerosol particles. At present, experimentally determined K(OA) values are available for only several hundred compounds. Therefore, the ability to estimate K(OA) is necessary for screening level evaluation of most chemicals. Although it is possible to estimate K(OA) from the octanol-water partition coefficient (K(OW)) and Henry's law constant (HLC), various concerns have been raised in regard to the usability of this estimation methodology. This work examines the accuracy and usability of K(OW) and HLC in application to a comprehensive database set of K(OA) values for screening level environmental assessment. Results indicate that K(OW) and HLC can be used to accurately predict K(OA) even when estimated K(OW) and HLC values are used. For an experimental dataset of 310log K(OA) values for different compounds, the K(OW)-HLC method was statistically accurate as follows: correlation coefficient (r2): 0.972, standard deviation: 0.526, absolute mean error: 0.358 using predominantly experimental K(OW) and HLC values. When K(OW) and HLC values were estimated (using the KOWWIN and HENRYWIN programs), the statistical accuracy was: correlation coefficient (r2): 0.957, standard deviation: 0.668, absolute mean error: 0.479.

  12. Vapor pressures, aqueous solubilities, and Henry's law constants of some brominated flame retardants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tittlemier, Sheryl A; Halldorson, Thor; Stern, Gary A; Tomy, Gregg T

    2002-09-01

    The subcooled liquid vapor pressures (P0(L),25S) and aqueous solubilities (Sw,25s) were determined and Henry's law constants (H25s) were estimated for a number of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) at 25 degrees C. The established methods of the gas chromatography-retention time and generator column techniques were used to experimentally determine P0(L),25 and Sw,25 for hexabromobenzene and a series of brominated diphenyl ether (BDE) congeners. The H25 was estimated as the ratio of P0(L)25 to the subcooled liquid aqueous solubility. Values of PL0(L),25 obtained ranged from 0.000000282 Pa (BDE-190) to 0.259 Pa (BDE-3); Sw,25 ranged from 0.00000087 g/L (BDE-153 and BDE-154) to 0.00013 g/L (BDE-15); and H25 ranged from 0.0074 Pa m3/mol (BDE-183) to 21 Pa m3/mol (BDE-15). An increase in the bromine content of polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners resulted in significant decreases Of P0(L),25, Sw25, and H25. A simple four-compartment equilibrium distribution model suggested that the majority of BFRs being released into the environment would reside in soil and sediment and have localized distributions. The model also suggested that lower brominated congeners tend to be somewhat more mobile. Degradative debromination reactions that yield these congeners would mobilize them environmentally, and ultimately affect the fate and distribution of BFRs.

  13. Optimal experimental designs for estimating Henry's law constants via the method of phase ratio variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapelner, Adam; Krieger, Abba; Blanford, William J

    2016-10-14

    When measuring Henry's law constants (kH) using the phase ratio variation (PRV) method via headspace gas chromatography (GC), the value of kH of the compound under investigation is calculated from the ratio of the slope to the intercept of a linear regression of the inverse GC response versus the ratio of gas to liquid volumes of a series of vials drawn from the same parent solution. Thus, an experimenter collects measurements consisting of the independent variable (the gas/liquid volume ratio) and dependent variable (the GC-1 peak area). A review of the literature found that the common design is a simple uniform spacing of liquid volumes. We present an optimal experimental design which estimates kH with minimum error and provides multiple means for building confidence intervals for such estimates. We illustrate performance improvements of our design with an example measuring the kH for Naphthalene in aqueous solution as well as simulations on previous studies. Our designs are most applicable after a trial run defines the linear GC response and the linear phase ratio to the GC-1 region (where the PRV method is suitable) after which a practitioner can collect measurements in bulk. The designs can be easily computed using our open source software optDesignSlopeInt, an R package on CRAN. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Effective Henry's law partitioning and the salting constant of glyoxal in aerosols containing sulfate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampf, Christopher J; Waxman, Eleanor M; Slowik, Jay G; Dommen, Josef; Pfaffenberger, Lisa; Praplan, Arnaud P; Prévôt, André S H; Baltensperger, Urs; Hoffmann, Thorsten; Volkamer, Rainer

    2013-05-07

    The reversible partitioning of glyoxal was studied in simulation chamber experiments for the first time by time-resolved measurements of gas-phase and particle-phase concentrations in sulfate-containing aerosols. Two complementary methods for the measurement of glyoxal particle-phase concentrations are compared: (1) an offline method utilizing filter sampling of chamber aerosols followed by HPLC-MS/MS analysis and (2) positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis of aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) data. Ammonium sulfate (AS) and internally mixed ammonium sulfate/fulvic acid (AS/FA) seed aerosols both show an exponential increase of effective Henry's law coefficients (KH,eff) with AS concentration (cAS, in mol kg(-1) aerosol liquid water, m = molality) and sulfate ionic strength, I(SO4(2-)) (m). A modified Setschenow plot confirmed that "salting-in" of glyoxal is responsible for the increased partitioning. The salting constant for glyoxal in AS is K(S)CHOCHO = (-0.24 ± 0.02) m(-1), and found to be independent of the presence of FA. The reversible glyoxal uptake can be described by two distinct reservoirs for monomers and higher molecular weight species filling up at characteristic time constants. These time constants are τ1 ≈ 10(2) s and τ2 ≈ 10(4) s at cAS < 12 m, and about 1-2 orders of magnitude slower at higher cAS, suggesting that glyoxal uptake is kinetically limited at high salt concentrations.

  15. Sleep and Insomnia in Levinas and Shakespeare’s Henry IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zachary Tavlin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In his seminal Existence and Existents, Emmanuel Levinas linked the impersonal event of the il y a, the “there is” of inert, factical existence, to a condition of insomnia. His analysis of insomnia holds a unique place in his oeuvre where a thorough ambivalence toward 'being' manifests itself: to be-for-the-Other (before the self, or before all neglected Others is the highest moment of existential and ethical transcendence, though to be 'awake' in order to encounter the Other is also to be pulled in a diametrically opposed direction, toward the factical and purely immanent experience of the world and of my own existence. In this essay I will read Shakespeare's Henry IV (Parts I and II with an eye toward reading the relationship(s between sleep, insomnia, and ethics anew. I will develop a Levinasian reading of Shakespeare: sleep as a transcendence of the factical, everyday situation is at the same time a passage toward the ethical situation.Keywords: Levinas, Shakespeare, ethics, insomnia

  16. Henry Knowles Beecher, Jay Katz, and the Transformation of Research with Human Beings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capron, Alexander Morgan

    2016-01-01

    The modern history of experimentation with human beings is notable for its ethical lacunae, when even the clearest directives fail to prevent violations of subjects' rights and welfare. One such lacuna occurred during the 25 years between 1947, when the Nuremberg Code was articulated in the judgment passed on the men who had performed medical experiments in the Nazi concentration camps, and 1972, when the revelation of the 40-year-long Tuskegee Syphilis Study shocked the public and pushed Congress to adopt legislation that eventually transformed the governance of human subjects research. The work that Henry Beecher and Jay Katz did on the ethics of human experimentation beginning in 1964-which was mutually supportive but also divergent in its premises and prescriptions-played a prominent role in the policy-making processes. Beecher, whose detailed disclosure of the ethical lapses of leading researchers in his renowned 1966 New England Journal of Medicine article initiated the policy reform process, proved less influential in shaping those reforms than Katz. Ultimately, Beecher was one of the last and best exemplars of "medical ethics," while Katz-in his service on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Ad Hoc Advisory Panel and in his testimony before, and work with, the Senate Health subcommittee-was an early practitioner of bioethics, a field in which the rules are not all written and applied by the medical profession but arise through a messier process involving outsiders and formal regulatory decisions.

  17. Squamous cell carcinoma originating from cutaneous cysts: The Henry Ford Experience and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veenstra, Jesse J; Choudhry, Samreen; Krajenta, Richard J; Eide, Melody J

    2016-01-01

    Malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising within cutaneous epidermal cysts is a very rare phenomenon. We provide a series of new cases and an overview of the literature. We sought to define the prevalence of and characterize SCC arising within epidermal and pilar cysts. We searched Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) registry from 2005 to 2009 to identify cases of SCC arising from epidermal cysts. We identified 1904 cases of epidermal cysts at our institution between 2005 and 2014. Of these, three cases of SCC arose from an epidermal cyst and one case of SCC developed from a pilar cyst. All lesions occurred below the waist with the exception of the pilar cyst on the scalp. Given the extremely low incidence, propensity of malignant lesions to become symptomatic and efficacy of treatment, we do not recommend routine excision of all epidermal cysts. Instead, we recommend excision and pathology for all symptomatic epidermal cysts, or those that rapidly grow, or do not respond to medical therapy.

  18. IOP Elevation After Cataract Surgery: Results for Residents and Senior Staff at Henry Ford Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfersy, Adrian J; Prinzi, Robert A; Peracha, Zuhair H; Kim, Daniel D; Crandall, David A; Darnley-Fisch, Deborah A; Imami, Nauman R

    2016-10-01

    To determine the incidence of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation on postoperative day 1 (POD1) after cataract surgery performed by resident surgeons compared with attending surgeons and to examine the influence of associated variables on the incidence of postoperative IOP elevation. Retrospective review of 2472 consecutive 2.2 to 2.8 mm temporal clear corneal cataract extractions by phacoemulsification performed by either residents or attending surgeons at Henry Ford Health System. Fellow eyes were excluded, resulting in 1847 eyes. IOP measurements of >40, >30, and >23 mm Hg were noted along with incremental IOP elevations of ≥10 and 20 mm Hg over preoperative/baseline IOP. Associated variables included: age, sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, glaucoma, glaucoma suspect, uveitis, prior ocular trauma, and vitreous loss at surgery. Resident-performed cataract surgery was associated with statistically significant higher rates of IOP elevation in all categories and in all clinical situations known to be associated with postoperative IOP spike, that is, vitreous loss at surgery, prior ocular trauma, and preexisting glaucoma. The incidence of postoperative day 1 IOP elevation after phacoemulsification performed by resident surgeons was 2 to 5 times that of experienced cataract surgeons. Variables including vitreous loss at surgery, prior ocular trauma, preexisting glaucoma, glaucoma suspect status, and male sex were significant contributors. Consideration for prophylactic IOP lowering is advised in high-risk patients.

  19. The Henry ford production system: effective reduction of process defects and waste in surgical pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarbo, Richard J; D'Angelo, Rita

    2007-12-01

    By adopting a cultural transformation in its employees' approach to work and using manufacturing based continuous quality improvement methods, the surgical pathology division of Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, focused on reducing commonly encountered defects and waste in processes throughout the testing cycle. At inception, the baseline in-process defect rate was measured at nearly 1 in 3 cases (27.9%). After the year-long efforts of 77 workers implementing more than 100 process improvements, the number of cases with defects was reduced by 55% to 1 in 8 cases (12.5%), with a statistically significant reduction in the overall distribution of defects (P = .0004). Comparison with defects encountered in the pre-improvement period showed statistically significant reductions in pre-analytic (P = .0007) and analytic (P = .0002) test phase processes in the post-improvement period that included specimen receipt, specimen accessioning, grossing, histology slides, and slide recuts. We share the key improvements implemented that were responsible for the overall success in reducing waste and re-work in the broad spectrum of surgical pathology processes.

  20. Henry Spitzmuller - Un acteur des relations franco-roumaines (Juin 1940-Août 1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Bichiş

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article analyse l’activité du diplomate français Henry Spitzmuller, représentant du Gouvernement de Vichy à Bucarest, qui décida de collaborer aussi avec la France Libre. On s’y proposa de comprendre l’attitude de ce diplomate de Vichy devant la dissidence qui a choisi d’adopter le « double jeu », c’est-à-dire de continuer à servir le régime de Vichy, mais aussi de prendre contact avec la France Libre. L’évolution de « Spitzmuller », « Spitz » ou «dr. Goudéa », premier secrétaire de la Légation de France à Bucarest, sera analysée dans le cadre des étapes établies par David Bobin dans un article de 2008, en essayant de prouver qu’elle ne représente pas un cas isolé. Notre analyse s’inscrit donc, dans le débat qui concerne l’apprentissage des difficultés auxquelles se heurta le corps diplomatique français pendant la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale.

  1. Henri H. Stahl’s conception of historical sociology and the Bucharest School of Sociology

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    Nerijus Babinskas

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The Romanian school of sociology founded by Dimitrie Gusti was a favorable medium for elaborating theoretic ideas. The school became a cradle for at least two prominent theoreticians (Henri H. Stahl and Traian Herseni whose conceptions are worth of attention not only from sociologists but for the theoretically minded historians, too. We should keep in our mind that according to the methodological attitudes of the Bucharest school field researches were highly encouraged. It means that any generalizations, theoretic suggestions or entire conceptions produced by the followers of Gusti were solidly based on empirical data. Stahl started to elaborate his conception of tributalism in the 1960s. Coincidently, at this period the international discussion about the so-called Asiatic mode of production revived so the Stahl‘s theoretic ideas were well-timed. Stahl was not the only Romanian scholar who got involved in the discussion, but his conception was more original: according to him, tributalism should be treated as something different from Oriental despotism although there were some obvious similarities between the two. Despite the fact that the majority of Romanian historian community ignored the Stahl’s innovative conception, there were some attempts in Romania as well as abroad to elaborate (Daniel Chirot or at least to popularize (Miron Constantinescu, Constantin Daniel his ideas.

  2. TRAJES FUNESTOS: UMA LEITURA DE “O ROMANCE DE UNS VELHOS VESTIDOS”, DE HENRY JAMES

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    Adilson dos Santos (UEL

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Em “O romance de uns velhos vestidos”, Henry James explora aquela velha ideia, muito presente em certas religiões, de que espíritos malignos podem se esconder em certos objetos e de que a identidade de um indivíduo pode ser acessada através de seus pertences. Neste conto, a clássica rivalidade entre irmãos se faz sentir entre Viola e a caçula Perdita. Cada qual promove uma ação vingativa em relação à outra. Viola, preterida por Mr. Arthur Lloyd - que toma a irmã por sua esposa -, falsamente deseja a Perdita, longos anos de vida. Já Perdita, falecida logo após dar a luz uma menina, dá cabo da vida da irmã. Ao procurar tomar para si as roupas que pertenceram a Perdita, Viola, agora casada com Lloyd, é assassinada pelo espírito da irmã, extraordinariamente presente em seus trajes.

  3. Reformation or Revolution? Herman Bavinck and Henri de Lubac on Nature and Grace

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    Parker Gregory W.

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Henri de Lubac’s treatment of the relationship between nature and grace will be critiqued by Herman Bavinck’s ‘grace restores nature’ theme. In two significant addresses, Bavinck critiqued a Roman Catholic approach to nature and grace. De Lubac’s influence upon Roman Catholic thinking addressing nature and grace occurred post-Bavinck and has altered Catholic thinking on the subject. Neo-Calvinist scholar, Wolter Huttinga admits that Bavinck and de Lubac offer similar critiques of Roman Catholicism (Huttinga 2014. The question remains then, do Bavinck’s critiques still hold? I propose that Bavinck’s account of grace restores nature still makes valid critiques of a post-Vatican II construction of nature and grace. The paper is broken into three sections: (1 an exploration of de Lubac’s nature and grace theme, (2 the framework of Bavinck’s ‘grace restores nature’ theme, and (3 a Bavinckian critique of de Lubac’s nature and grace theme.

  4. Interviews on Freud and Jung with Henry A. Murray in 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roazen, Paul

    2003-02-01

    Henry Murray became one of the legendary figures in the history of American psychology. Not only was he a leading pioneer in the field of personality theory, but he created (with Christiana Morgan) the Thematic Apperception test. He also took a leading role in making psychological profiles for the American government's Office of Strategic Services during World War II. For years Murray headed the Harvard Psychological Clinic, and also worked on the writings of Herman Melville for almost half of his long life. Murray took a wholly independent path from Freudian and Jungian organizations, yet his memories of contact with Freud and Jung are worth recording. These interviews with Murray were conducted in 1965. To take only one example, the circumstances of Jung's getting his honorary degree from Harvard in 1936 are elucidated, as well as Freud's inquiry to Murray about why he himself had missed out on that occasion. A postscript to the interview, illustrating Murray's capacities as a writer, concerns his spirited response to the Princeton philosopher Walter Kaufmann's inquiry about Roazen's account of the 1936 honorary degree in his 1975 Freud and His Followers.

  5. Combating child obesity: impact of HENRY on parenting and family lifestyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, T A; George, J; Hunt, C; Roberts, K P J; Evans, C E L; Brown, R E; Rudolf, M C J

    2014-10-01

    One-quarter of children in England are overweight/obese at school entry. We investigated the impact of a programme designed to provide parents of infants and preschool children with the skills required for a healthier family lifestyle. A cohort of families was followed across the 8-week HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young) parent course at nine locations in England. Seventy-seven parents enrolled on the course, of which 71 agreed to complete questionnaires addressing eating behaviours, dietary intake and parental self-efficacy. Pre- and post-course data was available from 60 (84.5%) parents (8-week follow-up data from 58 parents) and was analysed using repeated measures analyses. Significant changes were observed, with most sustained at follow-up. Parents reported increased self-efficacy and ability to encourage good behaviour (P response to negative emotion [P obesity. © 2013 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2013 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

  6. Le corps dans l’espace architectural. Le Corbusier, Claude Parent et Henri Gaudin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Cattant

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Le premier geste de l’espace architectural est d’accueillir nos corps humains. En leur offrant un espacement à habiter, il leur permet de s’abriter, de se mouvoir et de se rencontrer. L’homme et l’architecture s’affectent l’un l’autre. Nombreux sont les architectes qui interrogent cette coexistence car, renouveler la pensée de l’espace nécessite de reconsidérer le corps humain. L’étude des relations entre le corps et l’espace chez trois architectes français sera l’occasion d’évoquer les écarts et les convergences entre l’homme et l’architecture. L’œuvre de Le Corbusier, protagoniste du mouvement moderne, maintient ainsi une distance entre un corps machinisé et un espace idéal. Marquée par un mode de pensée dualiste, l’architecture de Le Corbusier annonce toutefois son propre dépassement, dépassement que Claude Parent et Henri Gaudin opèreront par la suite à leur manière, le premier en introduisant l’oblique et la déstabilisation du corps, le second en transgressant la limite de l’espace et du corps pour envisager leur porosité réciproque. Finalement, c’est la manière dont l’homme appréhende l’espace avec son corps qui est questionnée par ces trois architectes, de la prégnance du visuel à son évincement.

  7. [The materialistic strategy of Henry Howard, a Québec alienist (1815-1887).].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fugère, A

    1978-01-01

    At the end of the 19th century, Henry Howard appeared as the first Quebec "aliéniste" to attempt to develop an inclusive theoretical treatise on the question of madness. Why this sudden upheaval ? There existed numerous european theories ; that might have sufficed. The author attempts to show the multiple connections of this theoretical pro-lect to the socio-political problems of québécois society. Howard tries, from the perspective of the theory which he elaborates, to intervene in the major discussions affecting Quebec: ultra montanism, the problem of universal compusory education, public morality. At a more professional level he attempts to intervene in the legal dispute opposing judicial and medical competence in the cases of insanity pleas, as well as in the question of the scientific and social status of the "aliéniste". The involvement in these struggles manifests itself in Howard's treatise as much at the level of the concepts themselves, and their architecture, as at the thematic level and in the applications which he naturally draws. It is not onty external and contingent but works on the text from the inside as well. The article attempts to suggest that at the very moment that the treatise on the alienated-which would become the "science" that we know today- seeks to structure itself into a theory, it cannot break its attachment to its determining social context and that, ignoring its ideological role it, in truth, succeeds only in creating illusion and the impression of a progressive process, all the while being circumstantial and having a verted interest.

  8. The Soundscapes of Henry Mayhew Urban Ethnography and Technologies of Transcription

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    Helen Groth

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary reviewers of London Labour and the London Poor were quick to label as inauthentic both the engraved re-mediations of John Beard’s daguerreotype portraits and Henry Mayhew’s transcription of the voices of London’s street habitués. Mayhew’s literal mediations of patter, slang and speech rhythms were the subject of particular scrutiny.  As one critic acerbically observed: ‘The photographs no doubt are accurate enough, but those dialogues smell of the footlights.’  Such criticisms strike at the core of Mayhew’s commitment to the technologies of faithful mimesis and the mediation of an authentic experience of the everyday lives of London’s wandering tribes.  Sound bites of characteristic speech serve as titles for many of the engraved reproductions of John Beard’s daguerreotypes reinforcing the analogy between visual and textual modes of transcription.  Likewise Mayhew insists that his various re-enactments of the multi-sensorial experience of elbowing through London’s crowded marketplaces and streets are ‘unvarnished’ transparent mediations of its various sounds and voices.  Central to Mayhew’s enterprise is the commitment to recording and capturing a dying way of life.  Now silenced voices are captured and remediated to ‘shock’ and teach through the ‘heart’ to use Mayhew’s terminology.  This paper will reconsider Mayhew’s investment in the power of sympathetic communication in the context of broader transformations in mid-nineteenth century conceptions of the media as a conduit for information rather than as a mechanism of persuasion.

  9. [Communicate Medical Errors or Hide Them? In Relation to the Henry Marsh's Memoirs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moure González, Eugenio

    2017-01-01

    ″Do no harm″ is the work of Henry Marsh, an English neurosurgeon who, in the epilogue of his professional career at the National Health Service, remembers not only his professional successes but also his failures. This is the starting point to propose a system of notification of medical errors in Spain that allows to comply with the hippocratic key principle that gives title to the book: ″primum non nocere″. With this objective, our proposal is, in first place, to analyze the extent to which there is a conflict of loyalties in the professional performance of any doctor (institution vs. patient) that conditions the possibility of communicating the errors that may occur, concluding that there are normative counterweights to comply with this principle: to inform the patient respecting other rights in conflict. The balance between the right to be informed and the right to defend oneself against further actions of responsibility has the faithful of that imaginary balance in the canonical idea that to learn from error the starting point is to recognize it, and the second to analyze why it occurred. Only from learning can the error be avoided and, thus, improved the quality of care assistance. In our analysis of the Spanish system of adverse effects communication (SiNASP), we conclude that it does not meet the standards we set ourselves, and not only from an ethical and legal analysis, but also taking as reference the systems with the same Objective in our European environment - including the references of treaties and international agreements in this area. The final conclusion to which we arrive as the culmination of all the previous reflection is that for a system of communication of errors to actually function, it has to be obligatory and anonymous for the informant, transparent and conclusive for the informed and, above all, reflexive and didactic for the institution, so that it fulfils with the duty to inform and it also avoids that the error is repeated.

  10. Temperature dependence of Henry's law constant in an extended temperature range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Görgényi, Miklós; Dewulf, Jo; Van Langenhove, Herman

    2002-08-01

    The Henry's law constants H for chloroform, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloropropane, trichloroethene, chlorobenzene, benzene and toluene were determined by the EPICS-SPME technique (equilibrium partitioning in closed systems--solid phase microextraction) in the temperature range 275-343 K. The curvature observed in the ln H vs. 1/T plot was due to the temperature dependence of the change in enthalpy delta H0 during the transfer of 1 mol solute from the aqueous solution to the gas phase. The nonlinearity of the plot was explained by means of a thermodynamic model which involves the temperature dependence of delta H0 of the compounds and the thermal expansion of water in the three-parameter equation ln (H rho TT) = A2/T + BTB + C2, where rho T is the density of water at temperature T, TB = ln(T/298) + (298-T)/T, A2 = -delta H298(0)/R, delta H298(0) is the delta H0 value at 298 K, B = delta Cp0/R, and C2 is a constant. delta Cp0 is the molar heat capacity change in volatilization from the aqueous solution. A statistical comparison of the two models demonstrates the superiority of the three-parameter equation over the two-parameter one ln H vs. 1/T). The new, three-parameter equation allows a more accurate description of the temperature dependence of H, and of the solubility of volatile organic compounds in water at higher temperatures.

  11. Cardiorespiratory fitness and incident heart failure: The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupsky, Daniel F; Ahmed, Amjad M; Sakr, Sherif; Qureshi, Waqas T; Brawner, Clinton A; Blaha, Michael J; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Keteyian, Steven J; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2017-03-01

    Prior studies have demonstrated cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to be a strong marker of cardiovascular health. However, there are limited data investigating the association between CRF and risk of progression to heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between CRF and incident HF. We included 66,329 patients (53.8% men, mean age 55 years) free of HF who underwent exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009. Incident HF was determined using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes from electronic medical records or administrative claim files. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to determine the association between CRF and incident HF. A total of 4,652 patients developed HF after a median follow-up duration of 6.8 (±3) years. Patients with incident HF were older (63 vs 54 years, P<.001) and had higher prevalence of known coronary artery disease (42.3% vs 11%, P<.001). Peak metabolic equivalents (METs) of task were 6.3 (±2.9) and 9.1 (±3) in the HF and non-HF groups, respectively. After adjustment for potential confounders, patients able to achieve ≥12 METs had an 81% lower risk of incident HF compared with those achieving <6 METs (hazard ratio 0.19 [95% CI 0.14-0.29], P for trend < .001). Each 1 MET achieved was associated with a 16% lower risk (hazard ratio 0.84 [95% CI 0.82-0.86], P<.001) of incident HF. Our analysis demonstrates that higher level of fitness is associated with a lower incidence of HF independent of HF risk factors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Chronotropic Incompetence and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neal, Wesley T; Qureshi, Waqas T; Blaha, Michael J; Dardari, Zeina A; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Brawner, Clinton A; Soliman, Elsayed Z; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2016-11-01

    To examine the association between chronotropic incompetence and incident atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with inadequate heart rate response during exercise may have abnormalities in sinus node function or autonomic tone that predispose to the development of AF. We examined the association between heart rate response and incident AF in 57,402 (mean age=54±13 years, 47% female, 64% white) patients free of baseline AF who underwent exercise-treadmill stress testing from the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project. Age-predicted maximum heart rate (pMHR) values <85% and chronotropic index values <80% were used to define chronotropic incompetence. Cox regression, adjusting for demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, medications, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and metabolic equivalent of task achieved, was used to compute hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between chronotropic incompetence and incident AF. Over a median follow-up of 5.0 years (25th-75th percentiles=2.6, 7.8), a total of 3,395 (5.9%) participants developed AF. pMHR values <85% were associated with an increased risk for AF development (HR=1.33, 95%CI=1.22, 1.44). Chronotropic index values <80% also were associated with an increased risk of AF (HR=1.28, 95%CI=1.19, 1.38). The associations of pMHR and chronotropic index with AF remained significant with varying cut-off points to define chronotropic incompetence. Our analysis suggests that patients with inadequate heart rate response during exercise have an increased risk for developing AF.

  13. Cardiorespiratory fitness and incident diabetes: the FIT (Henry Ford ExercIse Testing) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juraschek, Stephen P; Blaha, Michael J; Blumenthal, Roger S; Brawner, Clinton; Qureshi, Waqas; Keteyian, Steven J; Schairer, John; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2015-06-01

    Prior evidence has linked higher cardiorespiratory fitness with a lower risk of diabetes in ambulatory populations. Using a demographically diverse study sample, we examined the association of fitness with incident diabetes in 46,979 patients from The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project without diabetes at baseline. Fitness was measured during a clinician-referred treadmill stress test performed between 1991 and 2009. Incident diabetes was defined as a new diagnosis of diabetes on three separate consecutive encounters derived from electronic medical records or administrative claims files. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazards models and were adjusted for diabetes risk factors. The mean age was 53 years with 48% women and 27% black patients. Mean metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved was 9.5 (SD 3.0). During a median follow-up period of 5.2 years (interquartile range 2.6-8.3 years), there were 6,851 new diabetes cases (14.6%). After adjustment, patients achieving ≥12 METs had a 54% lower risk of incident diabetes compared with patients achieving <6 METs (hazard ratio 0.46 [95% CI 0.41, 0.51]; P-trend < 0.001). This relationship was preserved across strata of age, sex, race, obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. These data demonstrate that higher fitness is associated with a lower risk of incident diabetes regardless of demographic characteristics and baseline risk factors. Future studies should examine the association between change in fitness over time and incident diabetes. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.

  14. From self-identity to universality: a reading of Henri Lopes’ works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.K. Mwepu

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Born in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, yet a citizen of Congo-Brazzaville, Henri Lopes is one of those African writers who were not only educated in Europe (France but also lived there while writing a certain portion of their literary work. Being an influential political figure in his country, the author expresses his vision of an independent Africa through his literary works such as “Tribaliques” 1 (1971, “La nouvelle romance” (1976, “Sans tam-tam” (1977 and “Le pleurer-rire” (1982. However, from 1990, Lopes distances his writings from general political issues. In “Le chercheur d’Afriques” (1990 and “Le lys et le flamboyant” (1997, he veers into a new ideological direction, predominantly embedded in issues pertaining to existence: the quest for identity and issues related to hybridisation are recurrent themes and objects of scrutiny. It is clear that this biological approach serves as a pretext for the author to perform an in-depth interrogation of the complex issues of the universal in the context of a modern and globalising world. In his works, human blood and race represent an important aspect of culture; the blending of different cultures is an essential element for the construction of society. A community founded on cultural diversity is thus depicted as dynamic, strong and sustainable. One wonders whether the author is not describing his own life experiences through fiction. This might indeed be the case, considering that Lopes himself is a person of mixed origins, herein referred to as a “métis”. However, the experience described by the author, who lives in France, transcends race; it addresses the modern debate on the issue of cultural hybridisation.

  15. Bookreview: Henry Jenkins, Sam Ford & Joshua Green: Spreadable Media: Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    The book is like a treasure chest full of ideas for scholars, practitioners, and university teachers. It contains a wealth of case descriptions and analyses from a wide range of communication fields, yet it does not truly provide the reader with theoretical models, final answers, or quantitative ...

  16. Hydrogeology and water quality of sand and gravel aquifers in McHenry County, Illinois, 2009-14, and comparison to conditions in 1979

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gahala, Amy M.

    2017-10-26

    Baseline conditions for the sand and gravel aquifers (groundwater) in McHenry County, Illinois, were assessed using data from a countywide network of 44 monitoring wells collecting continuous water-level data from 2009–14. In 2010, water-quality data were collected from 41 of the monitoring wells, along with five additional monitoring wells available from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Program. Periodic water-quality data were collected from 2010–14 from selected monitoring wells. The continuous water-level data were used to identify the natural and anthropogenic factors that influenced the water levels at each well. The water-level responses to natural influences such as precipitation, seasonal and annual variations, barometric pressure, and geology, and to anthropogenic influences such as pumping were used to determine (1) likely hydrogeologic setting (degree of aquifer confinement and interconnections) that, in part, are related to lithostratigraphy; and (2) areas of recharge and discharge related to vertical flow directions. Water-level trends generally were determined from the 6 years of data collection (2009–14) to infer effects of weather variability (drought) on recharge.Precipitation adds an estimated 2.4 inches per year of recharge to the aquifer. Some of this recharge is subsequently discharged to streams and some is discharged to supply wells. A few areas in the eastern half of the county had higher average recharge rates, indicating a need for adequate protection of these recharge areas. Downward vertical flow gradients in upland areas indicate that recharge to the confined aquifer units occurs near upland areas. Upward vertical flow gradients in lowland areas indicate discharge at locations of surface water and groundwater interaction (wetlands, ponds, and streams).Monitoring wells were sampled for major and minor ions, metals, and nutrients and a subset of wells was sampled for trace elements, dissolved gases

  17. Beverly Haviland. Henry James’s Last Romance : Making Sense of the Past and the American Scene.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annick Dupperray

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage de Beverly Haviland se situe dans la nouvelle mouvance des études jamesiennes qui s’efforcent de concilier les approches culturelles et sémiotiques. Il s’agit d’entreprendre « the cultural work of reconstructing the much aesthetized master » et de poursuivre l’entreprise inaugurée par Jonathan Freedman dans Professions of Taste : Henry James, British Aestheticism, and Commodity Culture, (1991 ; Haviland consacre la majeure partie de son étude à The American Scene (1907, véritable ...

  18. Invisibilidades cruzadas: Uma aproximação ao conceito de o momento decisivo de Henri Cartier-Bresson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Menezes

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo analisa o que se pode conceber como o conceito de o momento decisivo de Henri Cartier-Bresson, tendo em vista a proliferação de interpretações que as palavras “momento decisivo” guardam em relação ao conceito cunhado por ele. Para investigar a raiz desse conceito analisam-se algumas de suas fotos em referência a outras imagens da história da arte, como o casal Arnolfini, de Van Eyck, a natureza morta, de Willen Kalf, e as pinturas de Vermeer, além das fotografias de Diane Arbus.

  19. Looking into the attribute of transcendent genius: George Henry Boker and Robert Conrad’s use of Shakespeare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Ludot-Vlasak

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the literary responses of two nineteenth-century American playwrights to Shakespeare: Robert Conrad (1810-1848 and George Henry Boker (1823-1890. While Conrad aimed at providing a melodramatic counter-model to 2 Henry VI in Jack Cade, he failed to grasp Shakespeare’s ambivalent stance and to challenge his figure as a symbol of literary genius. Boker’s less radical and more reverential approach in Anne Boleyn and Francesca da Rimini prevented him from being more than an epigone. Although he altered his model and sometimes combined references to different plays, his use of Shakespeare was more a form of imitation than of reinvention. Conrad and Boker’s literary attitudes to the Bard proved to be quite different, but they both failed to defamiliarise him and to truly question Shakespeare as a literary icon.Cet article s’intéresse aux modalités selon lesquelles deux dramaturges américains du XIXe siècle – Robert Conrad (1810-1848 et George Henry Boker (1823-1890 – cherchent à s’approprier l’œuvre de Shakespeare. Dans Jack Cade, Conrad propose un contre-modèle mélodramatique à 2 Henri VI. La pièce révèle l’incapacité de l’auteur à saisir toutes les ambivalences idéologiques et morales de l’œuvre de son prédécesseur, mais aussi à remettre en cause la notion de génie shakespearien. L’approche de Boker s’avère beaucoup plus révérencieuse à l’égard de Shakespeare. Dans Francesca da Rimini et Anne Boleyn, l’écrivain transforme son modèle et combine des références à différentes pièces, mais il n’en reste pas moins un épigone. Si les deux auteurs ne réinventent pas l’œuvre du dramaturge élisabéthain, c’est qu’ils ne parviennent ni à remettre en question le statut d’icône littéraire de ce dernier, ni à le « défamiliariser ».

  20. ‘Two Minds With but a Single Thought’: W. T. Stead, Henry James, and the Zancig Controversy

    OpenAIRE

    Horn, Paul

    2013-01-01

    In 1906, two writers of disparate repute watched, and then wrote about a series of notorious performances by the London telepathists Julius and Agnes Zancig.One was W. T. Stead, the pugnacious purveyor of New Journalism and hugely influential in shaping public opinion; the other was Henry James, the author of a great number of highbrow, complex, and ultimately poorly selling works of prose fiction.James wrote in a letter of his impression of ‘the 'reality 'of their performance’ in the face of...

  1. “We have botched them and patched them”: Modernity and Restoration in Henry James’s Italian Hours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica MANOLESCU-OANCEA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la question de la rénovation de l’architecture italienne dans les écrits de voyage de Henry James en Italie, Italian Hours. Plus généralement, cet article se penche sur les rapports entre paysage urbain et modernité. Au 19e siècle, la rénovation était au centre des débats intellectuels et artistiques, avec des perspectives variées. Henry James, à l’instar de John Ruskin, condamnait les résultats de la rénovation des monuments italiens. Les raisons de cette réaction sont diverses : tout d’abord, sa vision de l’architecture en tant qu’art organique, sa position discrète de voyageur qui refuse de s’immiscer dans la vie des objets contemplés, sa critique de la rénovation comme preuve de mauvais goût. Même s’il rejette la rénovation en tant qu’intervention brutale du présent dans le passé, il accepte, à contrecœur, le fait que l’Italie se dirige inéluctablement vers la modernité. La réaction nuancée de James aux opinions de Ruskin s’inscrit dans son attitude ambivalente concernant l’évolution des villes italiennes vers la modernité.This article focuses on Henry James’s Italian Hours from the perspective of the author’s response to the restoration of Italian architecture and more generally to the place of modernity in the Italian cityscape. A central issue in the intellectual and artistic debates of the 19th century, the process of restoration triggered various responses. Henry James, just like John Ruskin, was horrified by the results of restoration in Italy, for reasons having to do with his vision of the organic growth of buildings, with his stance as a discreet and “uninvestigating” traveller and with his criticism of “improvement” as bad taste. Although he rejects renovation as interference of the present in the past, he accepts, albeit reluctantly, the necessity of “young Italy” to become a modern state. James’s nuanced response to Ruskin is part of his

  2. The critical impact of Frantz Fanon and Henri Collomb: race, gender, and personality testing of North and West Africans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullard, Alice

    2005-01-01

    In 2001, the U.S. Surgeon General declared publicly that culture counts in mental health care. This welcome recognition of the role of culture in mental health appears somewhat belated. In 1956, Frantz Fanon and Henri Collomb both presented culturally sensitive studies of the Thematic Apperception Test at the major French-language mental health conference. The contrast between these two studies and between the careers of Fanon and Collomb reveals some of the difficulties in creating cultural and gender sensitivity in psychiatry or psychology. Copyright 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Contribuições de Henri Wallon à relação cognição e afetividade na educação Contributions from Henri Wallon to the relationship between cognition and affectivity in education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurino Lima Ferreira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo versa sobre as contribuições de Henri Wallon à relação cognição e afetividade na educação. Situa e define os complexos afetivos e cognitivos na teoria waloniana e destaca a noção de pessoa engajada como síntese fundamental para o entendimento da relação entre afetividade e cognição no campo educacional. Busca ainda apontar a importância da visão dialética e humanista da pessoa completa de Wallon para as práticas educacionais e retoma a ideia de "circularidade fundamental" de Francisco Varela para atualizar a visão de Wallon sobre a não separatividade entre homem e mundo.This paper focuses on the contributions from Henri Wallon about the relationship between cognition and affectivity in the education. It also defines the complex interdependency between affective and cognitive dimensions of such theory and emphasizes the notion of engaged person as a fundamental synthesis to understanding the relationship between affectivity and cognition in the educational field. This article also highlights the importance of dialectical and humanist view of integral person for educational practices and it incorporates the idea of "fundamental circularity" of Francisco Varela aiming to updating the view of Wallon about non-separateness between human beings and world.

  4. An analytical method to determine Henry's law constant for selected volatile organic compounds at concentrations and temperatures corresponding to tap water use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tancrède, M V; Yanagisawa, Y

    1990-12-01

    Henry's law constants (H) are needed to model human exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in indoor air resulting from the use of tap water. This paper presents an experimental method to determine Hs for several common tap water pollutants at concentrations and temperatures used in household water. For 5 VOCs Henry's law constants were obtained simultaneously over the 25 degrees C to 45 degrees C temperature range, providing data on H beyond the currently available data (up to 35 degrees C). Henry's law constants were obtained as the ratio of equilibrium concentrations of VOCs in air and water, using simultaneous sampling from sealed bottles kept at constant temperatures. Air and water samples were concentrated by a purge-and-trap method, thermally desorbed from a Tenax trap, and analyzed with a gas chromatograph with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD). Experimental results agreed well with available literature data.

  5. Lateral intrusion and vertical inflation of sills in the Trachyte Mesa intrusion, Henry Mountains, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Penelope; McCaffrey, Ken; Wilson, Robert; Jarvis, Ian; Holdsworth, Robert

    2017-04-01

    Deformation structures developed in the host rocks of shallow crustal igneous intrusions provide a record of how magma was emplaced and accommodated. Here we present field observations from sill and laccolith intrusions exposed in the Henry Mountains, Utah. Trachyte Mesa is comprised of a series of stacked sheets. Deformation structures imply a two-stage growth mechanism for individual intrusive units, with radial growth of a thin sheet followed by vertical inflation. Syn-emplacement structures localised at the intrusion lateral margins consist of prolific deformation bands and dip-slip faults located at the tips of individual sheets due to strain localisation during vertical inflation. Magma tends to preferentially exploit these faults, initiating sill climbing. The order in which sheets are stacked impacts on the intrusion geometry and thus the associated build-up of deformation. Host-rock lithology also plays an important role in intrusion tip-geometry and associated deformation. Various styles of sill tip termination are observed (bulbous, steep-faulted, sill-climbing). Sill sheets with bulbous terminations appear to develop preferentially in muddy red sandstone units, whereas sheets with faulted terminations, and those exhibiting sill-climbing, appear most common in sheets directly below massive (competent) sandstone units. Shales behave in a more ductile manner, inhibiting brittle fault development; while the more massive, competent sandstones are prone to the development of faults as sill sheets inflate. Extensional roof faulting and sill climbing are consistent with a two-stage growth history for the overall intrusion. Not only do the deformation structures record the strain evolution, and thus mode of emplacement of the intrusion, they also control the subsequent propagation of the intrusive body (e.g. sill climbing). Much can be learnt about intrusion geometries and emplacement through the detailed analysis of syn-emplacement deformation structures

  6. Review: Elisa T. Bertuzzo (2009. Fragmented Dhaka. Analysing Everyday Life with Henri Lefebvre's Theory of Production of Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna-Lisa Müller

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In her book "Fragmented Dhaka. Analysing Everyday Life with Henri Lefebvre's Theory of Production of Space," Elisa T. BERTUZZO aims at using Henri LEFEBVRE's concept of space and his suggestions for the study of spatial structures and practices in an empirical study. The city of Dhaka, for BERTUZZO a rural "mega city," serves as a laboratory for studying the spatial practices of everyday life and specific representations of the city. This qualitative study is thought to counteract the lack of research literature on Dhaka and takes a postmodern perspective on the process of urbanization in Bangladesh's capital by highlighting heterogeneity and ambiguity. LEFEBVRE's concepts of space are transferred into a qualitative research design in a generally convincing way. However, the presentation of the results loses some of its clarity due to the abundance of the empirical findings. Although there is some conceptual "fuzziness," this does not narrow the significance of this innovative study. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003199

  7. Temperature dependence of the infinite dilution activity coefficient and Henry's law constant of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reza, Joel; Trejo, Arturo

    2004-08-01

    The water solubility of 9,10-dihydroanthracene was experimentally determined between 278.12 and 313.17 K. Determinations were carried out by an experimental procedure developed in our laboratory, which is a modification of the dynamic coupled column liquid chromatographic technique. The uncertainty of the experimental determinations ranged from +/- 0.50% to +/- 3.10%. These data, as well as the water solubility data of other five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) previously studied, were used to calculate the temperature dependence of the infinite dilution activity coefficient of 9,10-dihydroanthracene, anthracene, pyrene, 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, m-terphenyl, and guaiazulene in water. Molar excess enthalpies and entropies at infinite dilution, at 298.15 K, were also derived. The temperature dependence of the infinite dilution activity coefficients was used, together with literature values of the vapor pressures of supercooled liquid PAHs (p(B)(sc)), to estimate their Henry's law constants (HLC). Only HLC for anthracene, pyrene, and 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene were calculated, since no p(B)(sc) data were available in the literature for 9,10-dihydroanthracene, m-terphenyl, and guaiazulene. From the observed temperature dependence of the Henry's law constants the enthalpy and entropy of the phase change from the dissolved phase to the gas phase were also derived for anthracene, pyrene, and 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene.

  8. Computational study of the effect of glyoxal-sulfate clustering on the Henry's law coefficient of glyoxal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtén, Theo; Elm, Jonas; Prisle, Nønne L; Mikkelsen, Kurt V; Kampf, Christopher J; Waxman, Eleanor M; Volkamer, Rainer

    2015-05-14

    We have used quantum chemical methods to investigate the molecular mechanism behind the recently reported ( Kampf , C. J. ; Environ. Sci. Technol . 2013 , 47 , 4236 - 4244 ) strong dependence of the Henry's law coefficient of glyoxal (C2O2H2) on the sulfate concentration of the aqueous phase. Although the glyoxal molecule interacts only weakly with sulfate, its hydrated forms (C2O3H4 and C2O4H6) form strong complexes with sulfate, displacing water molecules from the solvation shell and increasing the uptake of glyoxal into sulfate-containing aqueous solutions, including sulfate-containing aerosol particles. This promotes the participation of glyoxal in reactions leading to secondary organic aerosol formation, especially in regions with high sulfate concentrations. We used our computed equilibrium constants for the complexation reactions to assess the magnitude of the Henry's law coefficient enhancement and found it to be in reasonable agreement with experimental results. This indicates that the complexation of glyoxal hydrates with sulfate can explain the observed uptake enhancement.

  9. Le Regard de Cartier-Bresson sur les Anglais The British Nation in Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Photographs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Cloarec

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In 1937 Henri Cartier-Bresson was sent to London to cover George VI’s coronation. The ceremony occurred at a moment of intense national exaltation after a decade of economic hardship and the constitutional crisis caused by Edward VIII’s decision to marry Mrs Simpson. However the photographer is not so much interested in the official images of the historical event as he is in its effects on the people who attend. Cartier-Bresson adopts a double decentering which gives the picture a fictional independence and invests it with benign mockery. Henri Cartier-Bresson was later to capture other important historical events such as George VI’s funeral in 1952 and Winston Churchill’s funeral in 1965. Both events testify to a unified nation which is otherwise shown to be profoundly marked by rigid social conventions. In particular, the artist seems fascinated by the formal compositions that emerge from the “social dance” of the upper class, but he also dramatises the accidental meeting of different social classes as being worlds completely apart.

  10. Henri Lopès : d’Une Quête Incessante à une identité plurielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Simédoh

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans plusieurs oeuvres d’Henri Lopès, les personnages sont constamment en quête d’une identité. Une quête qu’ils entament comme un parcours puisque désormais ils vivent au confluent de plusieurs cultures et ils se sentent comme en exil. Ce n’est pas forcément un exil extérieur parce qu’ils ont quitté leur pays d’origine mais c’est plutôt un exil intérieur. Ainsi les personnages se sentent incapables de se situer par rapport à eux-mêmes et à autrui. Dès lors surgit une tentation, celle de se réfugier dans le souvenir qui n’existe même plus. La mémoire s’estompe. L’histoire elle-même fuit et disparaît. Ce qui fait naître chez les personnages un vide qui conduit à un malaise identitaire, d’où déchirement. En face de cet écartèlement, surgit une multitude de pistes. Et c’est dans cette perspective qu’Henri Lopès propose une identité plurielle.

  11. The Paradox of Being a Wounded Healer: Henri J.M. Nouwen’s Contribution to Pastoral Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Philip Nolte

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article is the first in a series of two dealing with Henri Nouwen’s contribution to pastoral care. The present article focuses on the impact of cognitive dissonance and the role it plays in pastors becoming constrained in their ministry. The point of departure is that during the past two decades, pastors have been subjected to profound changes. While pastors view their involvement with people in the social and faith communities in which they live and work as guiding people towards a life of wholeness and integrity, they themselves, because of their own inner woundedness, struggle to live a life of wholeness. This article investigates how pastors can act congruently and with integrity in a world that has been profoundly changed by a shift from a modern to a postmodern paradigm. This reflection explores the ancient Greek mythological origins of the concept ‘wounded healer’. It also shows that, in its utilisation by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, the concept became a metaphor. This insight leads to a discussion of how Henri Nouwen applied the significance of the metaphor to pastoral ministry. The discussion takes on the form of certain relevant biographical side notes on Nouwen’s contribution to pastoral theology. The article concludes with an exposition of Nouwens’s use of the metaphor in his book, The wounded healer: Ministry in contemporary society.

  12. Let us keep observing and play in sand boxes (Henry Darcy Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illangasekare, T. H.

    2012-04-01

    Henry Darcy was a civil engineer recognized for a number of technical achievements and scientific discoveries. The sand column experiments for which he is known revealed the linear relationship that exists between fluid motion and driving forces at low velocities. Freeze and Back (1983) stated, ''The experiments carried out by Darcy with the help of his assistant, Ritter, in Dijon, France in 1855 and 1856 represent the beginning of groundwater hydrology as a quantitative science." Because of the prominence given to this experiment, two important facts behind Darcy's contributions to subsurface hydrology have not received much attention. First, Darcy was not only a good engineer, but he was also a highly respected scientist whose knowledge of both the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and the natural world of geology led to better conceptualizing and quantifying of groundwater processes at relevant scales to solve practical problems. The experiments for which he is known may have already been conceived, based on his theoretical understanding, and the results were anticipated (Brown 2002). Second, Darcy, through his contributions with Dupuit, showed that they understood hydrologeology at a regional scale and developed methods for quantification at the scale of geologic stratum (Ritz and Bobek, 2008). The primary thesis of this talk is that scientific contributions such as the one Darcy made require appreciation and a thorough understanding of fundamental theory coupled with observation and recording of phenomena both in nature and in the laboratory. Along with all of the significant theoretical, mathematical modeling, and computational advances we have made in the last several decades, laboratory experiments designed to observe phenomena and processes for better insight, accurate data generation, and hypothesis development are critically important to make scientific and engineering advances to address some of the emerging and societally important problems in hydrology

  13. On the "Critique of Everyday Life" to "Metaphilosophy": Henri Lefebvre's Philosophical-Political Legacy of the Cultural Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sünker, Heinz

    2014-01-01

    Henri Lefebvre (1901-91), philosopher and sociologist, is, together with Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin and Ernst Bloch, one of the most relevant representatives of the first generation in Western Marxism. His engagement with Marxism led him to analyse everyday life in post-war France in order to decipher the possibilities of,…

  14. Exil et imaginaire des origines : l’écriture de la quête identitaire dans l’œuvre romanesque d’Henri Troyat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Désiré Atangana Kouna

    2013-01-01

    Henri Troyat ne vit pas son éloignement du pays natal de manière pathologique, car son expérience exilique n’a pas donné lieu à un déracinement et n’a pas abouti à l’errance. Aussi l’écrivain...

  15. 2D X-ray and FTIR micro-analysis of the degradation of cadmium yellow pigment in paintings of Henri Matisse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pouyet, E.; Cotte, M.; Fayard, B.; Salomé, M.; Meirer, F.; Mehta, A.; Uffelman, E. S.; Hull, A.; Vanmeert, F.; Kieffer, J.; Burghammer, M.; Janssens, K.; Sette, F.; Mass, J.

    2015-01-01

    The chemical and physical alterations of cadmium yellow (CdS) paints in Henri Matisse’s The Joy of Life (1905–1906, The Barnes Foundation) have been recognized since 2006, when a survey by portable X-ray fluorescence identified this pigment in all altered regions of the monumental painting. This

  16. From the "metaphysics of the individual" to the critique of society: on the practical significance of Michel Henry's phenomenology of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staudigl, Michael

    This essay explores the practical significance of Michel Henry's "material phenomenology." Commencing with an exposition of his most basic philosophical intuition, i.e., his insight that transcendental affectivity is the primordial mode of revelation of our selfhood, the essay then brings to light how this intuition also establishes our relation to both the world and others. Animated by a radical form of the phenomenological reduction, Henry's material phenomenology brackets the exterior world in a bid to reach the concrete interior transcendental experience at the base of all exteriority. The essay argues that this "counter reduction," designed as a practical orientation to the world, suspends all traditional parameters of onto(theo)logical individuation in order to rethink subjectivity in terms of its transcendental corporeality, i.e., in terms of the invisible display of "affective flesh." The development of this "metaphysics of the individual" anchors his "practical philosophy" as he developed it-under shifting accents-throughout his oeuvre. In particular, the essay brings into focus Henry's reflections on modernity, the industry of mass culture and their "barbaric" movements. The essay briefly puts these cultural and political areas of Henry's of thinking into contact with his late "theological turn," i.e., his Christological account of Life and the (inter)subjective self-realization to which it gives rise.

  17. [Henry IV of Castilla (1454-1474). An exceptional urologic patient. An endocrinopathy causing the uro-andrological problems of the Monarch. Chronic renal lithiasis (II)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maganto Pavón, Emilio

    2003-04-01

    To review all known data about the endocrinopathy and renal disease suffered by Henry IV of Castile according to contemporary chronicles and manuscripts, comparing the clinical diagnosis made by Gregorio Marañon 70 years ago in his work "Biological essay about Henry IV and his time" (Madrid 1930) with present concepts, because we consider, as other medical authors, that his endocrinopathy is not well determined. Regarding his chronic renal lithiasis, it could have played an important role as negative factor in the Monarch's quality of life, and have been related to his endocrinopathy, so that it should also be reviewed. We reviewed a total of 10 chronicles and 5 contemporary manuscripts treating the look and diseases of Henry IV to obtain the most important data about both diseases and be able to characterize the kind of endocrine disease suffered by the Monarch, and all aspects regarding his lithiasis, and compare them with our current knowledge. From the review of those chronicles and manuscripts, it is my opinion that Henry IV suffered acromegaly secondary to a GH and prolactine producing hypophyseal tumor from childhood, which might justify the impotence he suffered from his youth and other symptoms clearly referred in the chronicles. Chronic renal lithiasis (flank pain, lumbar illness, and hematuria) finally led to acute obstructive uropathy, main cause of his death. This fact has not been emphasized by historians. The renal lithiasis benign part of a multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome (MEN I) can not be ruled out.

  18. Artist as Educator? Assessing the Pedagogic Role of Folly in the Early Work of the Anglo-Swiss Artist Henry Fuseli (1741-1825)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Hester Camilla

    2010-01-01

    This article examines a group of five ink, pen and wash drawings produced by the Anglo-Swiss artist Henry Fuseli in the mid-eighteenth century in Zurich. The drawings were produced for a "Narrenbuch" (Book of Fools) uniting visual images of folly with humorous slogans. The drawings are significant in that they imitate sixteenth-century…

  19. Two-Staged Doctrines of God as First Known and the Transformation of the Concept of Reality in Bonaventure and Henry of Ghent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goris, W.

    2011-01-01

    The medieval doctrine of God as first known presents a privileged moment in a tradition of classical metaphysics that runs from Plato to Levinas. The present contribution analyzes two versions of this doctrine formulated by Bonaventure († 1274) and Henry of Ghent († 1293). In reaction to the

  20. A Tall Tale Retold: The Influence of the Photographs of William Henry Jackson upon the Passage of the Yellowstone Park Act of 1872.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossen, Howard

    The photographs of William Henry Jackson taken during the 1871 survey of the Yellowstone region of Wyoming and Montana have often been cited as the first specific group of photographs used for successful persuasion. Many historians credit Jackson's photographs as being the most influential factor in persuading Congress to designate the Yellowstone…

  1. Comments on the Classic Henry and Rogers (1960) Paper on Its 50th Anniversary: Resolving the Issue of Simple versus Choice Reaction Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klapp, Stuart T.

    2010-01-01

    The effect of response complexity on simple RT, first reported by Henry and Rogers (H&R), is a robust phenomenon for complexity measured by the number of chunks in a multiple-chunk response. However, there are problems with the memory drum theory H&R used to account for this result, and no fully satisfactory alternative explanation has been…

  2. “Primitive art” in Henry Van de Velde’s art theory at the end of the nineteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen De Muer

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The designer and architect Henry Van de Velde (1863-1957 is by far best known for his Gesamtkunstwerke as well as his linear motifs. Less noted and less researched are his theoretical studies on art and society. The present article argues that those studies comprise a full-fledged part of a conceptual oeuvre in which linearity served the most articulate expression of Van de Velde’s core values in life: ‘vitality’ and ‘regeneration’. In the formation process of these values, Van de Velde was influenced by the late nineteenth-century European debate on ‘primitive art’, which was considered to be the artistic expression of that part of the human mind that mirrors the origin of humanity.

  3. Henri Lefebvre’s Concept Of Urban Space In The Context Of Preferences Of The Creative Classin A Modern City

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    Nadolny Adam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to present how the manner of recording the spatial phenomena analysed by Henri Lefebvre in his numerous publications can serve as a basis for reflections on the suitability of his theories for the description of the creative class in a modern city. Because Lefebvre pursued a number of lines of thought in his philosophical ideas, we can state that there is a strong correlation between the city image he created and preferences of the creative class in a modern city. The article is also intended to make the reader realise that records of philosophical ideas can, in many instances, contribute to the improvement of the actual space in a city.

  4. Le cavalier du Pont-Neuf : histoire, restauration et secrets de la statue équestre de Henri IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Liévaux

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Figure 1État des surfaces de la statue après la restaurationPhot. C. Usaï, 2004Henri IV, roi aimé des français entre tous, est cette année célébré à l’occasion du quatrième centenaire de son assassinat. Aussi la revue In Situ a-t-elle souhaité marquer l’anniversaire de cet événement majeur de l’histoire de France en mettant à la disposition du public les résultats inédits de travaux réalisés à l’occasion de la restauration du monument le plus emblématique du mémorial henricien : la statue équ...

  5. Henri Cartier-Bresson / Walker Evans : Photographier l’Amérique (1929-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Brunet

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans un mot adressé en 2001 à Peter Galassi, conservateur de la photographie au MOMA, Henri Cartier-Bresson, alors âgé de quatre-vingt-treize ans, écrivait plaisamment — mais non pas complaisamment : « If it had not been for the challenge of the work of Walker Evans, I don’t think I would have remained a fotographer » (« sans le défi constitué par le travail de Walker Evans, je ne crois pas que je serais resté fotographe ». Pour fêter le centenaire de Cartier-Bresson, c’est ce défi — plutôt ...

  6. Dreamers in dialogue: evolution, sex and gender in the utopian visions of William Morris and William Henry Hudson

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    Caterina Novák

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to explore the parallels between two late-nineteenth-century utopias,William Henry Hudsons A Crystal Age (1882 and William Morriss News from Nowhere (1891. Itaims to explore how these two works respond to the transition from a kinetic to a static conception ofutopia that under pressure from evolutionary and feminist discourses took place during the period.Particular focus lies on the way in which this is negotiated through the depiction of evolution, sexuality,and gender roles in the respective novels, and how the depiction of these disruptive elements may workas a means of ensuring the readers active engagement in political, intellectual and emotional terms.

  7. Henry's Law constants or air to water partition coefficients for 1,3,5-triazines by an LFER method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Michael H; Enomoto, Kei; Clarke, Eric D; Rosés, Martí; Ràfols, Clara; Fuguet, Elisabet

    2007-03-01

    Solvation descriptors have been obtained for 19 substituted 1,3,5-triazines, using literature data on water to solvent partitions, and our own experimental determinations of water to solvent partition coefficients and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) retention factors. The solvation descriptors can then be used to predict environmentally important air to water partition coefficients, K(w), which are the reciprocal of Henry's Law constants, with due regard to units. For this class of chemistry it is shown that the values of log K(w) so obtained are generally in good agreement with the experimental values compiled in this work and also compare well with the calculated values from the established bond contribution method of Meylan and Howard as implemented in the EPI Suite, but not with calculated values from the semi-empirical quantum chemical solvation models, SM2 and SM3, recently reported by Delgado and Alderete (J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 2003, 41, 1226-1230).

  8. Deviation Management: Key Management Subsystem Driver of Knowledge-Based Continuous Improvement in the Henry Ford Production System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarbo, Richard J; Copeland, Jacqueline R; Varney, Ruan C

    2017-10-01

    To develop a business subsystem fulfilling International Organization for Standardization 15189 nonconformance management regulatory standard, facilitating employee engagement in problem identification and resolution to effect quality improvement and risk mitigation. From 2012 to 2016, the integrated laboratories of the Henry Ford Health System used a quality technical team to develop and improve a management subsystem designed to identify, track, trend, and summarize nonconformances based on frequency, risk, and root cause for elimination at the level of the work. Programmatic improvements and training resulted in markedly increased documentation culminating in 71,641 deviations in 2016 classified by a taxonomy of 281 defect types into preanalytic (74.8%), analytic (23.6%), and postanalytic (1.6%) testing phases. The top 10 deviations accounted for 55,843 (78%) of the total. Deviation management is a key subsystem of managers' standard work whereby knowledge of nonconformities assists in directing corrective actions and continuous improvements that promote consistent execution and higher levels of performance.

  9. Henri Chretien, un savant entre science et technique: reflections a propos de l'invention de l'hypergonar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Guet Tully, Francoise

    At the beggining of the 20-th century, French engineers and scientists were not well acquainted with some of the importnat principles of applied optics developed elsewhere, especially in Germany, over the preceding fifty years. In preparation for a career as a designer of astronomical instruments, Henri Chretien visited observatories in several countries and read widely. His research in optics produced many tangible advances. The Richy-Chretien telescope, which gained popularity in the 1960s and still in use today, was designed in 1910, based on an application of the principles developed by Abbe in Germany first to make color movies and then, though another application of the same principle, to project motion pictures onto a wide screen (The "Hypergonar" objective).

  10. Effect analysis of quantum chemical descriptors and substituent characteristics on Henry's law constants of polybrominated diphenyl ethers at different temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Jiang; Youli, Qiu; Yu, Li

    2017-11-01

    Twelve substituent descriptors, 17 quantum chemical descriptors and 1/T were selected to establish a quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) model of Henry's law constants for 7 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) at five different temperatures. Then, the lgH of 202 congeners at different temperatures were predicted. The variation rule and regulating mechanism of lgH was studied from the perspectives of both quantum chemical descriptors and substituent characteristics. The R2 for modeling and testing sets of the final QSPR model are 0.977 and 0.979, respectively, thus indicating good fitness and predictive ability for Henry' law constants of PBDEs at different temperatures. The favorable hydrogen binding sites are the 5,5',6,6'-positions for high substituent congeners and the O atom of the ether bond for low substituent congeners, which affects the interaction between PBDEs and water molecules. lgH is negatively and linearly correlated with 1/T, and the variation trends of lgH with temperature are primarily regulated by individual substituent characteristics, wherein: the more substituents involved, the smaller the lgH. The significant sequence for the main effect of substituent positions is para>meta>ortho, where the ortho-positions are mainly involved in second-order interaction effect (64.01%). Having two substituents in the same ring also provides a significant effect, with 81.36% of second-order interaction effects, particularly where there is an adjacent distribution (55.02%). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Aqueous solubility, Henry's law constants and air/water partition coefficients of n-octane and two halogenated octanes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarraute, S; Delepine, H; Costa Gomes, M F; Majer, V

    2004-12-01

    New data on the aqueous solubility of n-octane, 1-chlorooctane and 1-bromooctane are reported between 1 degree C and 45 degrees C. Henry's law constants, K(H), and air/water partition coefficients, K(AW), were calculated by associating the measured solubility values to vapor pressures taken from literature. The mole fraction aqueous solubility varies between (1.13-1.60)x10(-7) for n-octane with a minimum at approximately 23 degrees C, (3.99-5.07)x10(-7) for 1-chlorooctane increasing monotonically with temperature and (1.60-3.44)x10(-7) for 1-bromooctane with a minimum near 18 degrees C. The calculated air-water partition coefficients increase with temperature and are two orders of magnitude lower for the halogenated derivatives compared to octane. The precision of the results, taken as the average absolute deviations of the aqueous solubility, the Henry's law constants, or the air/water partition coefficients, from appropriate smoothing equations as a function of temperature is of 3% for n-octane and of 2% and 4% for 1-chlorooctane and 1-bromooctane, respectively. A new apparatus based on the dynamic saturation column method was used for the solubility measurements. Test measurements with n-octane indicated the capability of measuring solubilities between 10(-6) and 10(-10) in mole fraction, with an estimated accuracy better than +/-10%. A thorough thermodynamic analysis of converting measured data to air/water partition coefficients is presented.

  12. The impact of HENRY on parenting and family lifestyle: A national service evaluation of a preschool obesity prevention programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, T A; Roberts, K P J; Berry, T M; Bryant, M; Rudolf, M C J

    2016-07-01

    One in five children in England are overweight/obese at school entry. Tackling obesity is therefore a priority. Right from the Start with HENRY is a widely-commissioned programme delivered by trained facilitators to small groups of parents over eight weekly sessions. It is designed to provide parents of infants and preschool children with the skills, knowledge and confidence required for a healthier family lifestyle. The aim of this work was to investigate programme impact using data collected routinely for quality control purposes. Analysis of routinely collected pre-post data from programmes delivered in the UK from January 2012 to February 2014. Data were analysed from 144 programmes, including questionnaires relating to parenting, family eating behaviours, dietary intake, and physical activity/screen time. Over 24 months, 1100 parents attended programmes running in 86 locations. 788 (72%) completed >5 sessions of whom 624 (79%) provided baseline and completion questionnaires. Parents reported increases in healthiness of family lifestyle, parenting attributes, and emotional wellbeing following attendance (all P < .001). Both parents and children were reported to have increased their daily fruit/vegetable consumption, and reduced their consumption of high fat/sugar foods (both P < .001). There were also positive changes in eating behaviours, physical activity (P < .001) and children's screen time (P < .001). Significant changes were reported in all domains similar to those reported in a previous, smaller study in locations selected for experience and quality. The HENRY approach appears to have a beneficial impact even when delivered at scale in non-selected locations. Such changes, if maintained, may serve to protect against later obesity. Copyright © 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Learning Networks, Networked Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter; Berlanga, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Sloep, P. B., & Berlanga, A. J. (2011). Learning Networks, Networked Learning [Redes de Aprendizaje, Aprendizaje en Red]. Comunicar, XIX(37), 55-63. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-02-05

  14. A network of networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iedema, Rick; Verma, Raj; Wutzke, Sonia; Lyons, Nigel; McCaughan, Brian

    2017-04-10

    Purpose To further our insight into the role of networks in health system reform, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how one agency, the NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation (ACI), and the multiple networks and enabling resources that it encompasses, govern, manage and extend the potential of networks for healthcare practice improvement. Design/methodology/approach This is a case study investigation which took place over ten months through the first author's participation in network activities and discussions with the agency's staff about their main objectives, challenges and achievements, and with selected services around the state of New South Wales to understand the agency's implementation and large system transformation activities. Findings The paper demonstrates that ACI accommodates multiple networks whose oversight structures, self-organisation and systems change approaches combined in dynamic ways, effectively yield a diversity of network governances. Further, ACI bears out a paradox of "centralised decentralisation", co-locating agents of innovation with networks of implementation and evaluation expertise. This arrangement strengthens and legitimates the role of the strategic hybrid - the healthcare professional in pursuit of change and improvement, and enhances their influence and impact on the wider system. Research limitations/implications While focussing the case study on one agency only, this study is unique as it highlights inter-network connections. Contributing to the literature on network governance, this paper identifies ACI as a "network of networks" through which resources, expectations and stakeholder dynamics are dynamically and flexibly mediated and enhanced. Practical implications The co-location of and dynamic interaction among clinical networks may create synergies among networks, nurture "strategic hybrids", and enhance the impact of network activities on health system reform. Social implications Network governance requires more

  15. Temperature profile and water depth data collected from USS HENRY B. WILSON using BT and XBT casts in the Indian Ocean and other seas from 22 October 1986 to 26 November 1986 (NODC Accession 8800183)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and water depth data were collected using BT and XBT casts from the USS HENRY B. WILSON in the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Iran, and...

  16. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Medical Examination, Rue des Moulins (1894): North wall fresco, lower panel 5.398 m × 13.716 m. Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, USA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mike Mckiernan

    2009-01-01

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Henri de Toulouse-LautrecMedical Examination, Rue des Moulins (1894) North wall fresco, lower panel 5.398 m 3 13.716 m. Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, USA...

  17. [Crusading and chronicle writing on the medieval Baltic frontier : a companion to the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia. Hrsg. von Marek Tamm, Linda Kaljundi, Carsten Selch Jensen] / Volker Honemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Honemann, Volker, 1943-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Crusading and chronicle writing on the medieval Baltic frontier : a companion to the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia. Hrsg. von Marek Tamm, Linda Kaljundi, Carsten Selch Jensen. Verlag Ashgate. Farnham, 2011

  18. Polyphony and counterpoint: Mechanisms of seduction in the diaries of Helen Hessel and Henri Pierre Roché

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine du Toit

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Henri Pierre Roché (1879–1959, the author of Jules et Jim, has been called a general introducer, an exemplary amateur, a collector of women and art and one of the most prolific diarists and active lovers in recorded history. Author of a collection of vignettes about Don Juan, Roché was fascinated with the figure of the seducer and in his twenties planned to devote his life to the creation of a body of work which would examine moral, intellectual, social and sexual relations between women and men. To this end, he would transform his life into a laboratory where real-life experiences would become the main source of reference. Roché’s diary spans sixty years and abounds in tales of seduction. However, the most intense and captivating intrigue of seduction and betrayal in his diary, is his relationship with Helen Hessel. At the start of their affair, Roché suggested that she too should keep a diary of the maelstrom of passion into which they were plunged. Written in French, German and English, Helen Hessel’s diary captures the drama of seduction and functions on several levels: realistic, visionary, absorbed in her thoughts and emotions and yet critical of herself and others. A juxtaposed reading of the two diaries generates a fascinatingly dense texture, revealing the mechanisms of seduction at play. The counterpoint created by these two interdependent voices becomes ever more complex as one becomes aware of the intertextual references that contribute to the emerging polyphony of recorded life and love.Polifonie en kontrapunt: Meganismes van verleiding in die dagboeke van Helen Hessel en Henri Pierre Roché. Henri Pierre Roché (1879–1959, outeur van Jules et Jim, word beskryf as ‘n sosiale koppelaar, ‘n model-liefhebber van alles en nog wat, ‘n versamelaar van vroue en kuns en een van die mees produktiewe dagboekskrywers en aktiewe minnaars in die opgetekende geskiedenis. Roché het ‘n reeks sketse oor Don Juan gepubliseer en

  19. Sobre los orígenes de la doctrina de la frustración del fin del contrato: comentario al fallo Krell v. Henry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manin, María S.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En materia de contratos no es pacifica la aceptación del instituto de la frustración del fin del contrato. El fallo Krell v. Henry es para la doctrina causalista el primer caso en el que se aceptó la existencia de la causa-fin como elemento de este. Empero, si leemos detenidamente el fallo de la Court of Appeal of England and Wales (Civil Division encontraremos que la doctrina de este se identifica más con la de los neocausalistas que con la de los causalistas . Este trabajo se propone pasar revista del fallo Krell v. Henry y realizar un análisis crítico del instituto de la frustración del fin del contrato y su posible aplicación en nuestro Derecho, teniendo en cuenta los aportes de las tres escuelas teóricas que lo estudian: anticausalistas, causalistas y neocausalistas.

  20. Ensaios teóricos: os capitulos introdutórios de Henry Fielding Exploring theory: Fielding’s prefatory chapters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Guardini T. Vasconcelos

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Henry Fielding, um dos fundadores do romance inglês, deixou um material teórico bastante rico a respeito do gênero em ascensão, que ele discutiu em prefácios e nos célebres capítulos introdutórios a Tom Jones. Esse artigo tem como objetivo apresentar alguns dos impasses e dilemas enfrentados pelo romancista e as soluções formais que ele propôs para resolvê-los.Henry Fielding, one of the founders of the English novel, has left a wealth theoretical material about the rising genre, which he discussed in prefaces and in his famous introductory chapters to Tom Jones, this article aims to present some of the impasses and double binds faced by the novelist and the formal solutions he proposed to deal with them.

  1. HENRY CHARLES LEA Y SU RED DE COLABORADORES LATINOAMERICANOS: RAZONES PARA ESTUDIAR EL SANTO OFICIO EN LA SEGUNDA MITAD DEL SIGLO XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Moreno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda en este artículo la vida y pensamiento de Henry Charles Lea en relación a sus estudios sobre la historia de la Inquisición española. Se esboza brevemente la red de colaboradores que Lea estableció en toda Latinoamérica así como su perfil político e intelectual, subrayando su importancia para la escritura de la obra The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (1908. Finalmente, se plantean los motivos que llevaron a estos intelectuales a colaborar intensamente con el historiador norteamericano en el marco de los procesos de construcción de identidades sociales y políticas en Latinoamérica en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se toma como eje conductor de este planteamiento la correspondencia de Juan María Gutiérrez con Henry Charles Lea.

  2. Determination of Henry's constant, the dissociation constant, and the buffer capacity of the bicarbonate system in ruminal fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hille, Katharina T; Hetz, Stefan K; Rosendahl, Julia; Braun, Hannah-Sophie; Pieper, Robert; Stumpff, Friederike

    2016-01-01

    Despite the clinical importance of ruminal acidosis, ruminal buffering continues to be poorly understood. In particular, the constants for the dissociation of H2CO3 and the solubility of CO2 (Henry's constant) have never been stringently determined for ruminal fluid. The pH was measured in parallel directly in the rumen and the reticulum in vivo, and in samples obtained via aspiration from 10 fistulated cows on hay- or concentrate-based diets. The equilibrium constants of the bicarbonate system were measured at 38°C both using the Astrup technique and a newly developed method with titration at 2 levels of partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2; 4.75 and 94.98 kPa), yielding mean values of 0.234 ± 0.005 mmol ∙ L(-1) ∙ kPa(-1) and 6.11 ± 0.02 for Henry's constant and the dissociation constant, respectively (n/n = 31/10). Both reticular pH and the pH of samples measured after removal were more alkalic than those measured in vivo in the rumen (by ΔpH = 0.87 ± 0.04 and 0.26 ± 0.04). The amount of acid or base required to shift the pH of ruminal samples to 6.4 or 5.8 (base excess) differed between the 2 feeding groups. Experimental results are compared with the mathematical predictions of an open 2-buffer Henderson-Hasselbalch equilibrium model. Because pCO2 has pronounced effects on ruminal pH and can decrease rapidly in samples removed from the rumen, introduction of a generally accepted protocol for determining the acid-base status of ruminal fluid with standard levels of pCO2 and measurement of base excess in addition to pH should be considered. Copyright © 2016 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. 'Liberties and licences': gender, stream of consciousness and the philosophy of Henri Bergson and William James in selected female modernist fiction 1914-1929

    OpenAIRE

    Saeed, Alan Ali

    2015-01-01

    This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London This thesis reconsiders in detail the connections between a selection of innovative female modernist writers who experimented variously with stream-of-consciousness techniques, May Sinclair, Dorothy Richardson, Katherine Mansfield and Virginia Woolf. It describes in this context the impact of the philosophy and thoughts of both William James and Henri Bergson upon these women writers...

  4. Determining the Henry's Law constants of THMs in seawater by means of purge-and-trap gas chromatography (PT-GC): the influence of seawater as sample matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Bevia, Francisco; Fernandez-Torres, Maria J

    2010-01-01

    The influence of seawater salts as salting out agents on the purge-and-trap gas chromatography (PT-GC) determination of trihalomethanes (THMs) was studied. This is particularly important since seawater is chlorinated when used as a cooling agent in coastal nuclear power stations. The chlorination produces unwanted THMs as by-products. A PT-GC apparatus was used to determine the Henry's Law constant of each THM, with seawater as the sample matrix.

  5. The human and the inhuman: visual culture, political culture, and the images produced by George Rodger and Henri Cartier-Bresson in the Nazi concentration camps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Cazzonatto Zerwes

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to grasp some aspects of the notion of humanism in photography and its closeness to the political culture and the visual culture in the period, through the specific experiences of George Rodger and Henri Cartier-Bresson, two photographers who were first-hand witnesses and provided accounts of horror in the Nazi concentration camps at the end of World War II. George Rodger photographed the Bergen-Belsen camp as soon as it was liberated by the British troops. Henri Cartier-Bresson was there with a film crew recording the deported masses newly freed from the Nazi concentration and extermination camps. These experiences came to have profound impact on the biography and work of both of them. In the two cases, there is a notion of humanism linked to World War II events, which is observed in photography and photographic representation, and it has a significant consequence for the contemporary visual culture.   Keywords: Visual Culture; Political Culture; War Photography; Photojournalism; Concentration Camps.   Original title: O humano e o desumano: cultura visual, cultura política e as imagens feitas por George Rodger e Henri Cartier-Bresson nos campos de concentração nazistas.

  6. Multilayer, Stacked Spiral Copper Inductors on Silicon with Micro-Henry Inductance Using Single-Level Lithography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Reissman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present copper structures composed of multilayer, stacked inductors (MLSIs with tens of micro-Henry inductance for use in low frequency (sub 100 MHz, power converter technology. Unique to this work is the introduction of single-level lithography over the traditional two-level approach to create each inductor layer. The result is a simplified fabrication process which results in a reduction in the number of lithography steps per inductor (metal layer and a reduction in the necessary alignment precision. Additionally, we show that this fabrication process yields strong adhesion amongst the layers, since even after a postprocess abrasion technique at the inner diameter of the inductors, no shearing occurs and connectivity is preserved. In total, three separate structures were fabricated using the single-level lithography approach, each with a three-layered, stacked inductor design but with varied geometries. Measured values for each of the structures were extracted, and the following results were obtained: inductance values of 24.74, 17.25, and 24.74 μH, self-resonances of 9.87, 5.72, and 10.58 MHz, and peak quality factors of 2.26, 2.05, and 4.6, respectively. These values are in good agreement with the lumped parameter model presented.

  7. A simple method for the accurate determination of the Henry's law constant for highly sorptive, semivolatile organic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yong-Hyun; Kim, Ki-Hyun

    2016-01-01

    A novel technique is developed to determine the Henry's law constants (HLCs) of seven volatile fatty acids (VFAs) with significantly high solubility using a combined application of thermal desorber/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TD/GC/MS). In light of the strong sorptive properties of these semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs), their HLCs were determined by properly evaluating the fraction lost on the surface of the materials used to induce equilibrium (vial, gas-tight syringe, and sorption tube). To this end, a total of nine repeated experiments were conducted in a closed (static) system at three different gas/liquid volume ratios. The best estimates for HLCs (M/atm) were thus 7,200 (propionic acid), 4,700 (i-butyric acid), 4,400 (n-butyric acid), 2,700 (i-valeric acid), 2,400 (n-valeric acid), 1,000 (hexanoic acid), and 1,500 (heptanoic acid). The differences in the HLC values between this study and previous studies, if assessed in terms of the percent difference, ranged from 9.2% (n-valeric acid) to 55.7% (i-valeric acid). We overcame the main cause of errors encountered in previous studies by performing the proper correction of the sorptive losses of the SVOCs that inevitably took place, particularly on the walls of the equilibration systems (mainly the headspace vial and/or the glass tight syringe).

  8. Air-water Henry's law constants for PCB congeners: Experimental determination and modeling of structure-property relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Fu; Chu, Shaogang; Hong, Chia-Swee

    2006-08-01

    A modified gas-purging technique was used for the determination of Henry's law constants (HLCs) for four non-ortho- and eight mono-ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The method involves measurement of a compound's concentration in only the water phase while that compound is being stripped isothermally from the solution at a known gas flow rate. HLCs were calculated from the slope of a plot of ln(Cn) versus (1/V)n, where (Sigma 1/V)n = 1/V0 + 1/V1 + ... + 1/V(n-1). The HLCs ranged from 5.6 to 21.8 Pa m3/mol, with an average precision of 13%, and they are comparable to values in the literature. Meta-analysis technique and principal component regression (PCR) were applied to model the relationship between experimentally determined HLC values of 94 PCB congeners and the congeners' structures. Cross-validation yields an optimal model with two principal components. Statistical analysis suggests that HLCs of PCBs are primarily affected by meta-chlorine substitution, a relationship which has never been discussed in the literature. The substitution of chlorines on the biphenyl rings generally leads to smaller HLCs. The predicted HLCs are in good agreement with the experimentally determined values.

  9. Quantum mechanical predictions of the Henry's law constants and their temperature dependence for the 209 polychlorinated biphenyl congeners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Kathy L; Sandler, Stanley I; Greene, Richard W; Di Toro, Dominic M

    2008-11-15

    The Henry's law constants (HLCs) for all 209 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were predicted at 25 degrees C using the quantum mechanical (QM) continuum solvation models COSMO-SAC and SM6, and trends were examined. COSMO-SAC HLCs were also predicted for all congeners at 4, 11, 18, and 31 degrees C. The temperature dependences of the HLCs were used to calculate enthalpy of solvation (deltaHs) values. At 25 degrees C, COSMO-SAC and SM6 predicted similar values of the HLC, which are consistent with all but one of the available sets of measurements, and have smaller root-mean-square prediction errors than other models tested. This supports the validity of the QM values, and the recommendation of their use in environmental transport and fate models. Intercongener trends in the HLCs appear to be dominated by the strength of PCB-water polar interactions. The COSMO-SAC predictions between 4 and 31 degrees C indicate that the temperature dependence of the HLC is similar for all congeners. At low temperatures, the HLC predictions for several heavy congeners are substantially higher than recently reported measurements, supporting claims in the literature that these low-temperature data are inaccurate.

  10. PTR-MS measurements and analysis of models for the calculation of Henry's law constants of monosulfides and disulfides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuhfried, Erna; Biasioli, Franco; Aprea, Eugenio; Cappellin, Luca; Soukoulis, Christos; Ferrigno, Antonella; Märk, Tilmann D; Gasperi, Flavia

    2011-04-01

    Sulfides are known for their strong odor impact even at very low concentrations. Here, we report Henry's law constants (HLCs) measured at the nanomolar concentration range in water for monosulfides (dimethylsulfide, ethylmethylsulfide, diethylsulfide, allylmethylsulfide) and disulfides (dimethyldisulfide, diethylsulfide, dipropylsulfide) using a dynamic stripping technique coupled to Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS). The experimental data were compared with literature values and to vapor/solubility calculations and their consistency was confirmed employing the extra-thermodynamic enthalpy-entropy compensation effect. Our experimental data are compatible with reported literature values, and they are typically lower than averaged experimental literature values by about 10%. Critical comparison with other freely available models (modeled vapor/solubility; group and bond additivity methods; Linear Solvation Energy Relationship; SPARC) was performed to validate their applicability to monosulfides and disulfides. Evaluation of theoretical models reveals a large deviation from our measured values by up to four times (in units of Matm(-1)). Two group contribution models were adjusted in view of the new data, and HLCs for a list of sulfur compounds were calculated. Based on our findings we recommend the evaluation and adaption of theoretical models for monosulfides and disulfides to lower values of solubility and higher values of fugacity. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Daily Management System of the Henry Ford Production System: QTIPS to Focus Continuous Improvements at the Level of the Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarbo, Richard J; Varney, Ruan C; Copeland, Jacqueline R; D'Angelo, Rita; Sharma, Gaurav

    2015-07-01

    To support our Lean culture of continuous improvement, we implemented a daily management system designed so critical metrics of operational success were the focus of local teams to drive improvements. We innovated a standardized visual daily management board composed of metric categories of Quality, Time, Inventory, Productivity, and Safety (QTIPS); frequency trending; root cause analysis; corrective/preventive actions; and resulting process improvements. In 1 year (June 2013 to July 2014), eight laboratory sections at Henry Ford Hospital employed 64 unique daily metrics. Most assessed long-term (>6 months), monitored process stability, while short-term metrics (1-6 months) were retired after successful targeted problem resolution. Daily monitoring resulted in 42 process improvements. Daily management is the key business accountability subsystem that enabled our culture of continuous improvement to function more efficiently at the managerial level in a visible manner by reviewing and acting based on data and root cause analysis. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.

  12. Racial Differences in the Prognostic Value of Cardiorespiratory Fitness (Results from the Henry Ford Exercise Testing Project).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; Qureshi, Waqas T; Keteyian, Steven J; Brawner, Clinton A; Alam, Mohsin; Dardari, Zeina; Nasir, Khurram; Blaha, Michael J

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this analysis was to determine whether racial differences exist in the prognostic value of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in black and white patients undergoing stress testing. We included 53,876 patients (mean age 53 ± 13, 49% women) from the Henry Ford Exercise Testing project free of established coronary disease or heart failure who completed a maximal exercise test from 1991 to 2009. Patients were followed for a mean duration of 11.5 years for all-cause mortality, ascertained by linkage with the Death Master File. Follow-up over mean 6.2 years was also available for incident myocardial infarction. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used adjusting for demographic variables, risk factors, medications, and reason for stress test referral, including formal interaction testing by race (black vs white). Black patients (n = 16,725) were younger (54 ± 13 vs 52 ± 13, p 0.10). CRF is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality in both white and black patients, with no significant interaction observed between race, fitness, and outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Exercise Training Workloads Upon Exit From Cardiac Rehabilitation in Men and Women: THE HENRY FORD HOSPITAL EXPERIENCE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keteyian, Steven J; Kerrigan, Dennis J; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Brawner, Clinton A

    2017-07-01

    To describe exercise training workloads, estimated as metabolic equivalents of task (METs) both upon exit from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and as the change in MET level following CR, stratified by age, sex, initial MET level, number of sessions completed, and qualifying event at entry into CR. A retrospective study involving 8319 (31% female) patients who completed ≥9 exercise training sessions in the early outpatient CR program at Henry Ford Hospital. Exercise training MET levels achieved during CR were estimated on the basis of the speed and grade recorded from a treadmill. Exercise training METs at the start of CR were defined as the average of the second and third sessions, whereas MET level upon exit from CR was determined from the average of the last 2 patient encounters. The overall mean MET level while training just prior to exit from CR was 3.9 ± 1.4 (4.1 ± 1.4 and 3.3 ± 1.0 in men and women, respectively). The mean change in METs after CR was 1.3 ± 1.1 (+45% ± 37%) and 0.9 ± 0.7 (+40% ± 32%) in men and women, respectively. In a large and demographically diverse cohort of patients who participated in CR, increases in mean workload (ie, METs) during exercise training were observed that approximated 45% in men and 40% in women. These data could be considered when establishing benchmarks for program-related performance outcome measures.

  14. Application of a BOSS-Gaussian interface for QM/MM simulations of Henry and methyl transfer reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilseck, Jonah Z; Kostal, Jakub; Tirado-Rives, Julian; Jorgensen, William L

    2015-10-15

    Hybrid quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) computer simulations have become an indispensable tool for studying chemical and biological phenomena for systems too large to treat with QM alone. For several decades, semiempirical QM methods have been used in QM/MM simulations. However, with increased computational resources, the introduction of ab initio and density function methods into on-the-fly QM/MM simulations is being increasingly preferred. This adaptation can be accomplished with a program interface that tethers independent QM and MM software packages. This report introduces such an interface for the BOSS and Gaussian programs, featuring modification of BOSS to request QM energies and partial atomic charges from Gaussian. A customizable C-shell linker script facilitates the interprogram communication. The BOSS-Gaussian interface also provides convenient access to Charge Model 5 (CM5) partial atomic charges for multiple purposes including QM/MM studies of reactions. In this report, the BOSS-Gaussian interface is applied to a nitroaldol (Henry) reaction and two methyl transfer reactions in aqueous solution. Improved agreement with experiment is found by determining free-energy surfaces with MP2/CM5 QM/MM simulations than previously reported investigations using semiempirical methods. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. L’individu comme problème phénoménologique chez Hannah Arendt et Michel Henry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Cerny

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude, dans un premier temps, apporte des preuves à la possibilité d’interpréter la pensée politique de Hannah Arendt comme un projet phénoménologique original dont le but est d’élever l’apparence de la personne au rang de mode unique de l’apparaître. Puis elle présente brièvement la phénoménologie matérielle de Michel Henry dans laquelle le Soi individuel joue un rôle tout aussi central, puisqu’il est la condition de l’apparence de la vie et le fondement de tout apparaître. En conclusion, l’étude esquisse les conséquences d’une telle position privilégiée du sujet individuel pour la conception théorique de la réalité effective de l’apparaître, de même que pour les problèmes pratiques de l’action de l’homme dans le monde.

  16. Ciò che la scienza non sa. L'invisibile e la vita in Michel Henry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Spagnuolo Vigorita

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to point out the way Michel Henry’s material phenomenology redefines the relationship between life and living beings, starting with the deconstruction of western’s ontological monism. The primacy given by the traditional culture to exteriority would have prevented from thinking life in its own specific phenomenality. On the contrary, Henry develops a reflection directed to trace all appearing back to its immanent and invisible mode of manifestation. The first part of this essay focuses on the overturning accomplished by the French philosopher regarding the historical phenomenology, based on the intentional opening up to the world. Secondly, it is taken into account Henry’s criticism of biological reductionism implied by scientific ideology. This would have, indeed, forgotten the original truth of life’s self‐ affection and, therefore, the individuality of living subjectivity. In the final analysis, Henry’s proposal of an «absolute phenomenological life» is examined in relation to the critical problems that it may raise.

  17. [Tracing back for the basis. Research of Medieval medical manuscripts in Leipzig by Karl Sudhoff and Henry Ernest Sigerist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löffler, Anette

    2009-01-01

    At the beginning of the 20th century, two known medical historians, Karl Sudhoff and Henry Ernst Sigerist, were among the first persons, who took up thorough investigations of medical manuscripts in Leipzig. Above all, it was Mr. Sudhoff, who developed his own procedure, in order to exploit the unknown stocks. Apart from the only means available to him, the so-called Leyser-papers, written by the Leipzig librarian Hermann Leyser, at least once Sudhoff made a complete check-up of all manuscripts over the period of 22 years. On 315 sheets he took down various more or less extensive notes regarding these Codices, which are kept today as manuscript collection (Ms 01269) in the library of the university of Leipzig. Many publications were written on the basis of these readings. Sigerist was only looking through a small number of Leipzig manuscripts, as could be seen from his remarks written onto the users' cards. However, he could rely on Sudhoff's notes and look for specific manuscripts that he was interested in and review them. This was a first and very important step for the investigation of Leipzig medical manuscripts.

  18. Henri Matisse’s Ecrits et propos sur l’art. A phenomenological inquiry on nature, feeling and origin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Frattaroli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Through a phenomenological reading of Henri Matisse’s Ecrits et propos sur l’art the paper analyzes in their mutual connection the themes of nature, feeling and origin in relation to the Artist’s works (in particular the ones of the Fauvist period and to his own reflection on art. Interpreting nature through feeling is something more than a solipsistic glance on reality linked to private emotions, it is, according to M. Merleau-Ponty’s theory of perception and expression, a way to create symbols of the living unity of consciousness and the external world. In conclusion, the paper shows the theme of the origin as Matisse’s pictorial way to meditate on the possibility of artistic creation in its necessary connection with the experience of the lifeworld. The constitutive ground of the lifeworld can only be represented into the effort of pure colors and arabesque to show a meditation on the temporal dimension of the origin in which a new disclosing sense can be expressed.

  19. Do gesto ao símbolo: a teoria de Henri Wallon sobre a formação simbólica From gesture to symbol: the theory of Henri Wallon about symbolic formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dener Luiz da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Henri Wallon, filósofo, médico e psicólogo francês, contribuiu para a psicologia não apenas com uma teoria da emoção ou ainda com suas discussões e divergências com Jean Piaget. Dentre suas contribuições pouco discutidas estão sua teoria sobre a inteligência, suas discussões sobre a origem e o desenvolvimento do pensamento discursivo nas crianças e, talvez menos conhecidas, suas reflexões e proposições sobre a transição entre uma inteligência sensório-motora (caracterizada pela capacidade de resolver problemas práticos, mas sem o auxílio da reflexão e uma outra, inteligência discursiva (caracterizada pela utilização e intermediação dos símbolos e representações. Sabe-se que sua proposição para essa transição, diversamente de Piaget, que ressalta a continuidade e a preparação do simbólico pelo esquematismo sensório-motor, é marcada justamente pela não continuidade entre uma inteligência e outra, pela intromissão de fatores externos tais como a cultura, o social e a linguagem, e pela complexa interação entre todos esses fatores. Para melhor compreender a proposta walloniana sobre a formação do símbolo é necessário, pois, que ingressemos na sua teoria como um todo, buscando decifrar seus conceitos de emoção, comportamento simbólico, inteligência, fatores de desenvolvimento e outros. Em uma sociedade como a nossa, baseada no comportamento simbólico, entender como se dá, qual a origem e o desenvolvimento do pensamento simbólico podem ser conhecimentos de grande valia.Henri Wallon, French philosopher, physician, and psychologist, has given psychology contribution not only with his emotion theory and with his arguments and disagreements with Jean Piaget. Among his less discussed contributions are the theory about intelligence, the discussions about the origin and development in children's discoursing thought, and, maybe less known, the reflections and propositions about the transition between

  20. Radiation therapy of epidemic kaposi sarcoma: the Henri-Mondor hospital experience (643 patients); Radiotherapie du sarcome de kaposi epidemique: l`experience de l`hopital Henri-Mondor (643 patients)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belembaogo, E.; Kirova, Y.; Frikha, H.; Yu, S.; Piedbois, P.; Le Bourgeois, J.P. [Hopital Henri-Mondor, 94 - Creteil (France). Dept. de cancerologie

    1998-01-01

    From June 1986 to December 1996, 643 patients presenting with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related epidemic Kaposi`s sarcoma were treated with irradiation at the Oncology Department of Henri Mondor University Hospital. Three-hundred eighty-seven patients (60 %) had previously received a treatment with interferon (259 patients, 40.2 %), vinblastine (225 patients, 34.5 %), doxorubicin (22 patients, 3.4 %), bleomycin (19 patients, 2.9 %), and/or antiviral treatment (216, 33.5 %). The radiotherapy was delivered by 4 MeV OR 8 MeV electron beam for extended cutaneous fields and 45-100 kV x-ray for localized fields. The delivered dose was 20 Gy in 2 weeks (2.5 Gy/fraction, 4 fractions/week) followed by 2 weeks rest and second series of 10 Gy in 1 week. For oral cavity lesions, we used a series of 15.2 Gy was delivered (1.9 Gy/fraction, 4 fractions/week), followed for three patients by a 3 week rest and by a similar second series of 15.2 Gy.Six-hundred and twenty-one patients were evaluable and the objective response rate was 92 %, with e complete regression of clinical and functional symptoms for all patients. The skin tolerance was good, with 7.3 % grade I reactions, 69.3 % of grade II reactions, and 23.4 % grade III reactions. There was a correlation between recurrence rate and the occurrence of opportunistic infections. This analysis shows the efficacy of dose radiotherapy for treatment of epidemic Kaposi sarcoma. (author)

  1. Validade da equação de Henry e Rees que estima a taxa metabólica de repouso em adolescentes masculinos Validez de la ecuación de Henry y Rees que estima la tasa metabólica de reposo en adolescentes masculinos Validity of the equation of Henry and Rees that estimates the resting metabolic rate in male adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique S. Fonseca

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a validade da equação de predição da taxa metabólica de repouso proposta por Henry e Rees (1991 em adolescentes do sexo masculino. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com amostra de conveniência constituída de 52 meninos, entre dez e 17 anos, sendo mensuradas a massa corporal e a calorimetria indireta. A massa corporal foi substituída na equação de Henry e Rees para determinar a taxa metabólica de repouso predita. A calorimetria indireta foi determinada pelos valores do consumo de O2 e produção de CO2, e usada na equação de Weir (1949, considerada método padrão para o cálculo da taxa metabólica de repouso. Todas as medidas foram realizadas pela manhã, com o indivíduo em jejum de seis horas, em posição supina e em repouso muscular. Realizaram-se os seguintes procedimentos estatísticos: teste t pareado; erro constante (com diferença aceita entre as médias OBJETIVO: Analizar la validez de la ecuación de predicción de la tasa metabólica de reposo (TMR propuesta por Henry y Rees (1991 en adolescentes del sexo masculino. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, con muestra de conveniencia constituida por 52 niños, entre 10 y 17 años, siendo medidas las variables a continuación: masa corporal y calorimetría indirecta (CI. La masa corporal fue sustituida en la ecuación de Henry y Rees (1991 para determinar la TMR predicha. La CI fue determinada por los valores del consumo de O2 y producción de CO2 y usada en la ecuación de Weir (1949, considerada como método estándar de la TMR. Todas las medidas fueron realizadas por la mañana, con el individuo en ayuno de 6 horas, en posición supina y en reposo muscular. Se realizaron los siguientes procedimientos estadísticos: prueba “t” pareada; error constante (EC - con diferencia aceptada entre los promedios menor que 5% y, para análisis de la concordancia entre los dos métodos, el procedimiento gráfico de Bland y Altman. RESULTADOS: La ecuación propuesta por

  2. Declarative Networking

    CERN Document Server

    Loo, Boon Thau

    2012-01-01

    Declarative Networking is a programming methodology that enables developers to concisely specify network protocols and services, which are directly compiled to a dataflow framework that executes the specifications. Declarative networking proposes the use of a declarative query language for specifying and implementing network protocols, and employs a dataflow framework at runtime for communication and maintenance of network state. The primary goal of declarative networking is to greatly simplify the process of specifying, implementing, deploying and evolving a network design. In addition, decla

  3. Physiological responses of the hybrid larch (Larix × eurolepis Henry) to cadmium exposure and distribution of cadmium in plantlets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonet, Amandine; Lelu-Walter, Marie-Anne; Faugeron, Céline; Gloaguen, Vincent; Saladin, Gaëlle

    2016-05-01

    Phytoextraction of Cd is a growing biotechnology although we currently know few Cd hyperaccumulators, i.e., plant species able to accumulate at least 0.1 mg Cd g(-1) dry weight in aerial organs. Owing their deep root system and high biomass, trees are more and more preferred to herbaceous species for phytoextraction. Assuming that conifers could be relevant models under cold climates, we investigated cadmium tolerance of the hybrid larch Larix × eurolepis Henry (Larix decidua × Larix kaempferi) and the efficiency of this species to store this metal. In vitro grown larches were chosen in order to reduce time of exposure and to more rapidly evaluate their potential efficiency to accumulate Cd. One-month-old plantlets were exposed for 2 and 4 weeks to 250 and 500 μM Cd. Results showed that they tolerated a 4-week exposure to 250 μM Cd, whereas the content of photosynthetic pigment strongly dropped in plantlets growing in the presence of 500 μM Cd. In the presence of 250 μM Cd, shoot growth slightly decreased but photosynthetic pigment and total soluble carbohydrate contents were not modified and no lipid peroxidation was detected. In addition, these plantlets accumulated proline, particularly in shoots (two to three times more than control). In roots, Cd concentration in the intracellular fraction was always higher than in the cell wall fraction contrary to shoots where Cd concentration in the cell wall fraction increased with time and Cd concentration in the medium. In shoots, Cd concentration was lower than in roots with a ratio of 0.2 after 4 weeks of exposure but stayed around 0.2 mg g(-1) dry weight, thus a value higher than the threshold requested for Cd hyperaccumulators. Hybrid larch would thus be a relevant candidate for field test of Cd phytoextraction.

  4. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Change and Mortality Risk Among Black and White Patients: Henry Ford Exercise Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrman, Jonathan K; Brawner, Clinton A; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; Qureshi, Waqas T; Blaha, Michael J; Keteyian, Steven J

    2017-10-01

    Little is known about the relationship of change in cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality risk in Black patients. This study assessed change in cardiorespiratory fitness and its association with all-cause mortality risk in Black and White patients. This is a retrospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study of 13,345 patients (age = 55 ± 11 years; 39% women; 26% black) who completed 2 exercise tests, at least 12 months apart at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich. All-cause mortality was identified through April 2013. Data were analyzed in 2015-2016 using Cox regression to calculate hazard ratios (HR) for risk of mortality associated with change in sex-specific cardiorespiratory fitness. Mean time between the tests was 3.4 years (interquartile range 1.9-5.6 years). During 9.1 years (interquartile range 6.3-11.6 years) of follow-up, there were 1931 (14%) deaths (16.5% black, 13.7% white). For both races, change in fitness from Low to the Intermediate/High category resulted in a significant reduction of death risk (HR 0.65 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.49-0.87] for Black; HR 0.41 [95% CI, 0.34-0.51] for White). Each 1-metabolic-equivalent-of-task increase was associated with a reduced mortality risk in black (HR 0.84 [95% CI, 0.81-0.89]) and white (HR 0.87 [95% CI, 0.82-0.86]) patients. There was no interaction by race. Among black and white patients, change in cardiorespiratory fitness from Low to Intermediate/High fitness was associated with a 35% and 59% lower risk of all-cause mortality, respectively. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Temperature dependencies of Henry's law constants and octanol/water partition coefficients for key plant volatile monoterpenoids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copolovici, Lucian O; Niinemets, Ulo

    2005-12-01

    To model the emission dynamics and changes in fractional composition of monoterpenoids from plant leaves, temperature dependencies of equilibrium coefficients must be known. Henry's law constants (H(pc), Pa m3 mol(-1) and octanol/water partition coefficients (K(OW), mol mol(-1)) were determined for 10 important plant monoterpenes at physiological temperature ranges (25-50 degrees C for H(pc) and 20-50 degrees C for K(OW)). A standard EPICS procedure was established to determine H(pc) and a shake flask method was used for the measurements of K(OW). The enthalpy of volatilization (deltaH(vol)) varied from 18.0 to 44.3 kJ mol(-1) among the monoterpenes, corresponding to a range of temperature-dependent increase in H(pc) between 1.3- and 1.8-fold per 10 degrees C rise in temperature. The enthalpy of water-octanol phase change varied from -11.0 to -23.8 kJ mol(-1), corresponding to a decrease of K(OW) between 1.15- and 1.32-fold per 10 degrees C increase in temperature. Correlations among physico-chemical characteristics of a wide range of monoterpenes were analyzed to seek the ways of derivation of H(pc) and K(OW) values from other monoterpene physico-chemical characteristics. H(pc) was strongly correlated with monoterpene saturated vapor pressure (P(v)), and for lipophilic monoterpenes, deltaH(vol) scaled positively with the enthalpy of vaporization that characterizes the temperature dependence of P(v) Thus, P(v) versus temperature relations may be employed to derive the temperature relations of H(pc) for these monoterpenes. These data collectively indicate that monoterpene differences in H(pc) and K(OW) temperature relations can importantly modify monoterpene emissions from and deposition on plant leaves.

  6. Micellar partitioning and its effects on Henry's law constants of chlorinated solvents in anionic and nonionic surfactant solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunlong; Zheng, Gang; Nichols, Courtney M

    2006-01-01

    Micellar partitioning of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons in surfactant solutions and its effects on vapor-liquid equilibrium is fundamental to the overall design and implementation of surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation. Surfactant micelles greatly enhance contaminant recovery from the subsurface; however, the reduced volatility of organic compounds compromises the aboveground treatment of surfactant-laden wastewaters using air-stripping process. Batch equilibrium tests were performed to acquire micellar partition coefficients (Km) and apparent Henry's law constants (H*) of three prominent groundwater contaminants (tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, cis-dichlorethylene) in the presence of two anionic surfactants (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS; sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, SDBS) and two nonionic surfactants (Triton X-100 and Tween 80). The H* values were significantly reduced in the presence of all four surfactants over their critical micelle concentrations (cmc's). On a cmc basis, the anionic surfactant SDS had the greatest effect on H*, followed by SDBS, Triton X-100, and Tween 80. Anionic surfactants decreased H* to an order of magnitude lower than nonionic surfactants, although nonionic surfactants decreased the H* at concentrations significantly lower than the anionic surfactants due to their lower cmc's. Nonionic surfactants present higher Km and molar solubilization ratio than anionic surfactants. Tetrachloroethylene has the highest Km values among three chlorinated solvents, which agrees well with the hydrophobicity (Kow) of these chemicals. An empirical correlation between log Km and log Kow is developed on the basis of data from this study and the Km values reported for a number of chlorinated and nonchlorinated hydrocarbons. Equilibrium data were also tested against three sets of models that describe the partitioning of volatile compounds in vapor-water-micelle phases. Applications of these models in experimentally determining Km from batch

  7. Determination of the Henry's law constants of low-volatility compounds via the measured air-phase transfer coefficients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Huan-Ping; Lee, Jiunn-Fwu; Chiou, Cary T

    2017-09-01

    Accurate Henry's law constants (H) are unavailable for the majority of organic pollutants, especially those having a low volatility. A novel kinetics-based experimental method is introduced to determine H for a wide range of low-H compounds. The method consists of measuring independently the water-to-air transfer coefficient (KL) and the associated air-phase transfer coefficient (kG) of a low-H chemical (solute) in water when KL ≅ kGH prevails according to the two-film theory. The kG for a solute is obtained via a developed gas-dynamic equation that relates kG to the solute molecular weight and the solute-vapor escaping efficiency (β) through a boundary air layer. The value of β is only a function of the in situ air turbulence level, independent of the chemical species. Thus, the required β for solutes can be estimated from the evaporative rates of pure volatile liquids under the same ambient setting. By relating the estimated kG with the measured KL of a low-H solute, the solute H is established. The H values of 45 low-H chemicals, including many complex pesticides, in the range of ∼10-7 to ∼10-3 have thus been determined. The accountability of the method is underscored by the consistency of the measured and credible literature H values for a number of the low-H compounds studied. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Measuring Uptake Coefficients and Henry's Law Constants of Gas-Phase Species with Models for Secondary Organic Aerosol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairhurst, M. C.; Waring-Kidd, C.; Ezell, M. J.; Finlayson-Pitts, B. J.

    2014-12-01

    Volatile organic compounds (VOC) are oxidized in the atmosphere and their products contribute to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation. These particles have been shown to have effects on visibility, climate, and human health. Current models typically under-predict SOA concentrations from field measurements. Underestimation of these concentrations could be a result of how models treat particle growth. It is often assumed that particles grow via instantaneous thermal equilibrium partitioning between liquid particles and gas-phase species. Recent work has shown that growth may be better represented by irreversible, kinetically limited uptake of gas-phase species onto more viscous, tar-like SOA. However, uptake coefficients for these processes are not known. The goal of this project is to measure uptake coefficients and solubilities for different gases onto models serving as proxies for SOA and determine how they vary based on the chemical composition of the gas and the condensed phase. Experiments were conducted using two approaches: attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and a flow system coupled to a mass spectrometer. The ATR crystal was coated with the SOA proxy and the gas-phase species introduced via a custom flow system. Uptake of the gas-phase species was characterized by measuring the intensity of characteristic IR bands as a function of time, from which a Henry's law constant and initial estimate of uptake coefficients could be obtained. Uptake coefficients were also measured in a flow system where the walls of the flow tube were coated with the SOA proxy and gas-phase species introduced via a moveable inlet. Uptake coefficients were derived from the decay in gas-phase species measured by mass spectrometry. The results of this work will establish a structure-interaction relationship for uptake of gases into SOA that can be implemented into regional and global models.

  9. Determination of temperature dependent Henry's law constants of polychlorinated naphthalenes: Application to air-sea exchange in Izmir Bay, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odabasi, Mustafa; Adali, Mutlu

    2016-12-01

    The Henry's law constant (H) is a crucial variable to investigate the air-water exchange of persistent organic pollutants. H values for 32 polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) congeners were measured using an inert gas-stripping technique at five temperatures ranging between 5 and 35 °C. H values in deionized water (at 25 °C) varied between 0.28 ± 0.08 Pa m3 mol-1 (PCN-73) and 18.01 ± 0.69 Pa m3 mol-1 (PCN-42). The agreement between the measured and estimated H values from the octanol-water and octanol-air partition coefficients was good (measured/estimated ratio = 1.00 ± 0.41, average ± SD). The calculated phase change enthalpies (ΔHH) were within the interval previously determined for other several semivolatile organic compounds (42.0-106.4 kJ mol-1). Measured H values, paired atmospheric and aqueous concentrations and meteorological variables were also used to reveal the level and direction of air-sea exchange fluxes of PCNs at the coast of Izmir Bay, Turkey. The net PCN air-sea exchange flux varied from -0.55 (volatilization, PCN-24/14) to 2.05 (deposition, PCN-23) ng m-2 day-1. PCN-19, PCN-24/14, PCN-42, and PCN-33/34/37 were mainly volatilized from seawater while the remaining congeners were mainly deposited. The overall number of the cases showing deposition was higher (67.9%) compared to volatilization (21.4%) and near equilibrium (10.7%).

  10. Predicting diabetes mellitus using SMOTE and ensemble machine learning approach: The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT project.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manal Alghamdi

    Full Text Available Machine learning is becoming a popular and important approach in the field of medical research. In this study, we investigate the relative performance of various machine learning methods such as Decision Tree, Naïve Bayes, Logistic Regression, Logistic Model Tree and Random Forests for predicting incident diabetes using medical records of cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, we apply different techniques to uncover potential predictors of diabetes. This FIT project study used data of 32,555 patients who are free of any known coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent clinician-referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 5-year follow-up. At the completion of the fifth year, 5,099 of those patients have developed diabetes. The dataset contained 62 attributes classified into four categories: demographic characteristics, disease history, medication use history, and stress test vital signs. We developed an Ensembling-based predictive model using 13 attributes that were selected based on their clinical importance, Multiple Linear Regression, and Information Gain Ranking methods. The negative effect of the imbalance class of the constructed model was handled by Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE. The overall performance of the predictive model classifier was improved by the Ensemble machine learning approach using the Vote method with three Decision Trees (Naïve Bayes Tree, Random Forest, and Logistic Model Tree and achieved high accuracy of prediction (AUC = 0.92. The study shows the potential of ensembling and SMOTE approaches for predicting incident diabetes using cardiorespiratory fitness data.

  11. Predicting diabetes mellitus using SMOTE and ensemble machine learning approach: The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alghamdi, Manal; Al-Mallah, Mouaz; Keteyian, Steven; Brawner, Clinton; Ehrman, Jonathan; Sakr, Sherif

    2017-01-01

    Machine learning is becoming a popular and important approach in the field of medical research. In this study, we investigate the relative performance of various machine learning methods such as Decision Tree, Naïve Bayes, Logistic Regression, Logistic Model Tree and Random Forests for predicting incident diabetes using medical records of cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, we apply different techniques to uncover potential predictors of diabetes. This FIT project study used data of 32,555 patients who are free of any known coronary artery disease or heart failure who underwent clinician-referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 5-year follow-up. At the completion of the fifth year, 5,099 of those patients have developed diabetes. The dataset contained 62 attributes classified into four categories: demographic characteristics, disease history, medication use history, and stress test vital signs. We developed an Ensembling-based predictive model using 13 attributes that were selected based on their clinical importance, Multiple Linear Regression, and Information Gain Ranking methods. The negative effect of the imbalance class of the constructed model was handled by Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE). The overall performance of the predictive model classifier was improved by the Ensemble machine learning approach using the Vote method with three Decision Trees (Naïve Bayes Tree, Random Forest, and Logistic Model Tree) and achieved high accuracy of prediction (AUC = 0.92). The study shows the potential of ensembling and SMOTE approaches for predicting incident diabetes using cardiorespiratory fitness data.

  12. In-cloud multiphase behaviour of acetone in the troposphere: gas uptake, Henry's law equilibrium and aqueous phase photooxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulain, Laurent; Katrib, Yasmine; Isikli, Estelle; Liu, Yao; Wortham, Henri; Mirabel, Philippe; Le Calvé, Stéphane; Monod, Anne

    2010-09-01

    Acetone is ubiquitous in the troposphere. Several papers have focused in the past on its gas phase reactivity and its impact on tropospheric chemistry. However, acetone is also present in atmospheric water droplets where its behaviour is still relatively unknown. In this work, we present its gas/aqueous phase transfer and its aqueous phase photooxidation. The uptake coefficient of acetone on water droplets was measured between 268 and 281K (γ=0.7 x 10(-2)-1.4 x 10(-2)), using the droplet train technique coupled to a mass spectrometer. The mass accommodation coefficient α (derived from γ) was found in the range (1.0-3.0±0.25) x 10(-2). Henry's law constant of acetone was directly measured between 283 and 298K using a dynamic equilibrium system (H((298K))=(29±5)Matm(-1)), with the Van't Hoff expression lnH(T)=(5100±1100)/T-(13.4±3.9). A recommended value of H was suggested according to comparison with literature. The OH-oxidation of acetone in the aqueous phase was carried out at 298K, under two different pH conditions: at pH=2, and under unbuffered conditions. In both cases, the formation of methylglyoxal, formaldehyde, hydroxyacetone, acetic acid/acetate and formic acid/formate was observed. The formation of small amounts of four hydroperoxides was also detected, and one of them was identified as peroxyacetic acid. A drastic effect of pH was observed on the yields of formaldehyde, one hydroperoxide, and, (to a lesser extent) acetic acid/acetate. Based on the experimental observations, a chemical mechanism of OH-oxidation of acetone in the aqueous phase was proposed and discussed. Atmospheric implications of these findings were finally discussed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Nathalie Sarraute, autofiction et construction de soi: les yeux largement fermés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Fautrier

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La question que j’ai cherché à poser dans tous mes articles critiques sur Sarraute est bien celle du projet scriptural comme projet existentiel (.... Le «projet existentiel» sarrautien consiste à affirmer une identité indicible, qui se manifeste seulement par sa pratique: l’invention et l’écriture des tropismes. L’écriture est déclarée «neutre» [19]: toute position sexuée étant vécue dans l’écriture (à l’instar de toutes les autres identités comme superficielle et provisoire.

  14. 'Les lendemains de révolution avortée': Nathalie Etoke's bipolar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While the mobility theme addressed in her novels is typical of third-generation African literatures in general, Etoke's vision simultaneously struggles against the postnationalist currents informing this literary paradigm. Indeed, Etoke's novels are quite loud and didactic in their articulations of political commitment towards the ...

  15. 'Les lendemains de révolution avortée': Nathalie Etoke's bipolar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The bipolar quality of the texts betrays a discomfort that the narratives' promotion of an anticolonial struggle for nationhood and decolonisation generate in a postcolonial era that keeps witnessing the failures of these romantic discourses to realise themselves. A close reading of the novels reveals that this discomfort finds its ...

  16. Henry's law constants and mass transfer coefficients for methyl bromide and 1,3-dichloropropene applied to Florida sandy field soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, John E; Ou, Li-Tse; Allen, Leon H; Vu, Joseph C; Dickson, Donald W

    2006-02-01

    Methyl bromide, a pre-emergent soil fumigant, is scheduled to be phased out in the US by 2005, with exceptions for critical use. Comparison of some of the physical constants related to distribution and retention for methyl bromide (MBr) to other fumigants yields a useful quantification of possible alternatives. In this study, the atmospheric and subsurface dissipation of methyl bromide as well as (Z)- and (E)-1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) isomers in Telone II were examined. The Henry's law constants of the three chemicals at soil temperature and their mass transfer coefficients for movement through an agricultural mulch of UV-resistant, high-density polyethylene (PE) were evaluated using field data. At the soil temperature of 16.4 degrees C, calculated Henry's law constant gave a fumigant ranking of MBr (0.21)>(Z)-1,3-D (0.041)>(E)-1,3-D (0.027). Since rapid subsurface distribution of a fumigant is highly dependent on the amount in the gas phase, the greater value for Henry's law constant implies faster distribution throughout the soil. After distribution through the soil, retention of the fumigant becomes imperative. Calculation of the fumigant's mass transfer coefficients through PE from field data gave a ranking of the three chemicals: MBr (1.08 cm/h)<(E)-1,3-D (3.25 cm/h)<(Z)-1,3-D (4.13 cm/h). With mass transfer coefficients of this magnitude, it was concluded that PE film was an inadequate barrier for retaining these fumigants in an agricultural setting.

  17. Training community practitioners to work more effectively with parents to prevent childhood obesity: the impact of HENRY upon Children's Centres and their staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, T A; Potrata, B; Hunt, C; Rudolf, M C J

    2012-10-01

    One in four children in England is overweight/obese upon starting school. HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young) offers a novel, preventive approach to this problem by training practitioners to work more effectively with the parents of preschool children around obesity and lifestyle issues. The programme is being delivered to all Sure Start Children's Centres (the UK government initiative providing family support and childcare in disadvantaged areas) in Leeds, UK. The evaluation covered the first 12 Centres to be trained (these had a reach of approximately 5000 families). A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with Centre managers, and 'drop boxes' were provided for all staff to leave their comments. Interviews took place up to 11 months post-training, allowing a consideration of any long-term impact. Data from 12 interviews and 106 comment slips indicated that HENRY training was associated with considerable changes to the Centre environment. Immediate effects included changes to Centre policy and practice, including the provision of age-appropriate portion sizes and the introduction of healthy snacks; a strengthening of team working and increased staff confidence around tackling lifestyle change; and enhanced skills when working with families. Training also induced changes within the staff's personal lives (e.g. increased physical activity and family mealtimes). The findings suggest that positive and lasting lifestyle effects can be achieved by brief training courses involving Children's Centre staff teams. Both staff and attendant families appear to benefit. The effect on levels of preschool obesity across the city once HENRY has extended to the remaining Centres is yet to be seen. © 2012 The Authors Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics © 2012 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  18. A FORMAÇÃO DA CONSCIÊNCIA HUMANA NO MODELO CONTEXTUAL DIALÉTICO: A PSICOGENÉTICA DE HENRI WALLON

    OpenAIRE

    Perioto Guhur, Maria de Lourdes

    2015-01-01

    Reflete-se no texto sobre a natureza ontogenética do desenvolvimento, com destaque para a forma como é constituída a consciência humana. Toma-se como base a teoria de Henri Wallon, que considera as condições sociais desse processo e o explica como se realizando no decorrer de toda a vida. Nele, a criança realiza-se como sujeito à medida que se autoconhece, relaciona-se com o Outro e participa do meio e, concomitantemente, domina os instrumentos necessários para compreender e comunicar sua exi...

  19. Caminar y crear entre rocas: el arte de Richard Long: afinidades con el pensamiento filosófico de Henri Bergson

    OpenAIRE

    Amorós, Ruth Aparicio

    2013-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Filosofia, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2014 El presente trabajo pretende confrontar el arte de Richad Long con el pensamiento del filósofo Henri Bergson, analizando y profundizando en las afinidades que existen entre ellos. Se hará una introducción al movimiento artístico del Land Art, al cual pertenece Richard Long y además se verá las influencias de este movimiento artístico: el Arte de la Prehistoria, el Romanticismo y el Budismo Zen. Seguidamente se e...

  20. Laure Schnapper, Henri Herz, magnat de piano. La vie musicale en France au XIXe siècle (1815-1870)

    OpenAIRE

    Adenot, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    Bien plus que la biographie d’un artiste méconnu, l’ouvrage de Laure Schnapper propose un regard original sur la vie musicale française au XIXe siècle sous le prisme des activités de Henri Herz (1803-1886), pianiste virtuose, compositeur prolifique, enseignant renommé, facteur de piano et propriétaire de l’une des seules salles de concert parisiennes. L’approche inédite de l’auteure éveille immédiatement l’attention du sociologue comme du musicologue : elle propose d’analyser la vie musicale...

  1. Etteheited räsivad pidu / Henri Reeder, Ly Rääsk, Heli Jürgenson ... [jt.] ; intervjueerinud Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimustele tänavusele üldlaulu- ja üldtantsupeole minekust ja peo repertuaari raskusest vastavad Aruküla noortekoori laulja Henri Reeder, Äksi segakoori dirigent Ly Rääsk, üldlaulupeo segakooride liigijuht Heli Jürgenson, Laulu- ja Tantsupeo SA muusikatoimetaja Ave Sopp, Laulu- ja Tantsupeo SA tantsutoimetaja Kadri Tiis , Lüganuse segakoori dirigent Priit-Andres Pärtna ja kolme tantsurühma juhendaja Vändrast Kädi Pärnoja

  2. Henri FAYOL, 100 ans et pas une ride L’apport de l’œuvre de Fayol dans le monde moderne

    OpenAIRE

    Brodhag, Christian

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Demain se tiendra à l'Ecole un colloque scientifique sur Henri FAYOL, il permettra à des chercheurs d'horizons variés de porter des regards croisés sur l'oeuvre de notre glorieux ancien. Certains sont déjà présents ce soir, et je les salue. En posant la question de la pertinence de l'actualité de l'oeuvre de FAYOL, je ne me départirai pas de la rigueur qui sied au scientifique, mais je ne m'accorderai une licence plus politique. En effet cette dimension de l'oeuvre de ...

  3. Le Visage de la Victoire di Henry De Groux: la riscoperta di un’opera antimilitarista del tempo della Prima guerra mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Morganti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Il presente intervento è dedicato a un’importante raccolta di incisioni, oggi riscoperta: Le Visage de la Victoire, eseguita dall’artista belga Henry De Groux. Costituita da oltre 40 incisioni (acqueforti e vernici molli, è stata realizzata nel corso della Prima Guerra Mondiale al fine di denunciare l’inutile massacro in corso. Si tratta di opere di ispirazione visionaria, che rivelano significati universali, mettendo il maestro belga in rapporto di affinità con artisti quali Goya e Otto Dix.

  4. As críticas de Henri Bergson e de Maurice Merleau-Ponty aos enfoques materialistas do problema corpo-mente

    OpenAIRE

    Danilo Saretta Verissimo; Reinaldo Furlan

    2009-01-01

    Neste artigo, apresentamos as críticas de Henri Bergson e de Maurice Merleau-Ponty aos enfoques materialistas do problema corpo-mente. Tais enfoques são intrinsecamente ligados às ambições científicas, inauguradas com a modernidade, de totalizar os fenômenos que nos circundam e de unificar a diversidade do mundo através de um único padrão explicativo. Bergson, em uma espécie de fenomenologia do ato perceptivo, buscou suplantar as teses materialistas da relação entre mente e cérebro. Atendo-se...

  5. 'A Speculative Idea': The Parallel Trajectories of Financial Speculation, Obstetrical Science, and Fiscal Management of Female Bodies in Henry James's Washington Square.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Kari

    2017-09-01

    This essay teases out the intimate connections between the scientific and fiscal realms in the context of American germ theory and obstetrics. By uncovering the economic and medical contexts of Henry James's Washington Square-set during the infancy of germ theory and the heyday of American obstetrics-this essay exposes a previously unexplored subtextual history of contagion in the text. Although this scientific history seems relegated to the novel's margins, understanding the changing scientific cosmologies and professional organizations in the context of the novel's setting and composition reveals that these tiny infectious particles and their vectors fundamentally shape the plot of the novel.

  6. “It’s Always the Same, and It’s Always Different” Mythologisation and the Serial Killer in Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer.

    OpenAIRE

    Smyth, David A.

    2015-01-01

    Serial killers are important in American horror because of their ability to exist between ‘myth’ and ‘reality’. The serial killer is one of the most important American myths, but it is one firmly rooted in real life: unlike Paul Bunyan or Superman, serial killers do exist. This essay examines the relationship between the ‘myth’ and the ‘reality’ of serial killers, and the complex relationship between the American public and the serial killer, using Henry: Portrait of a Serial K...

  7. The network researchers' network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henneberg, Stephan C.; Jiang, Zhizhong; Naudé, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) Group is a network of academic researchers working in the area of business-to-business marketing. The group meets every year to discuss and exchange ideas, with a conference having been held every year since 1984 (there was no meeting in 1987). In thi......The Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) Group is a network of academic researchers working in the area of business-to-business marketing. The group meets every year to discuss and exchange ideas, with a conference having been held every year since 1984 (there was no meeting in 1987......). In this paper, based upon the papers presented at the 22 conferences held to date, we undertake a Social Network Analysis in order to examine the degree of co-publishing that has taken place between this group of researchers. We identify the different components in this database, and examine the large main...

  8. ToF-SIMS imaging of molecular-level alteration mechanisms in Le Bonheur de vivre by Henri Matisse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voras, Zachary E.; deGhetaldi, Kristin; Wiggins, Marcie B.; Buckley, Barbara; Baade, Brian; Mass, Jennifer L.; Beebe, Thomas P.

    2015-11-01

    Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) has recently been shown to be a valuable tool for cultural heritage studies, especially when used in conjunction with established analytical techniques in the field. The ability of ToF-SIMS to simultaneously image inorganic and organic species within a paint cross section at micrometer-level spatial resolution makes it a uniquely qualified analytical technique to aid in further understanding the processes of pigment and binder alteration, as well as pigment-binder interactions. In this study, ToF-SIMS was used to detect and image both molecular and elemental species related to CdS pigment and binding medium alteration on the painting Le Bonheur de vivre (1905-1906, The Barnes Foundation) by Henri Matisse. Three categories of inorganic and organic components were found throughout Le Bonheur de vivre and co-localized in cross-sectional samples using high spatial resolution ToF-SIMS analysis: (1) species relating to the preparation and photo-induced oxidation of CdS yellow pigments (2) varying amounts of long-chain fatty acids present in both the paint and primary ground layer and (3) specific amino acid fragments, possibly relating to the painting's complex restoration history. ToF-SIMS's ability to discern both organic and inorganic species via cross-sectional imaging was used to compare samples collected from Le Bonheur de vivre to artificially aged reference paints in an effort to gather mechanistic information relating to alteration processes that have been previously explored using μXANES, SR-μXRF, SEM-EDX, and SR-FTIR. The relatively high sensitivity offered by ToF-SIMS imaging coupled to the high spatial resolution allowed for the positive identification of degradation products (such as cadmium oxalate) in specific paint regions that have before been unobserved. The imaging of organic materials has provided an insight into the extent of destruction of the original binding medium, as well as

  9. ‘Two Minds With but a Single Thought’: W. T. Stead, Henry James, and the Zancig Controversy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Horn

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1906, two writers of disparate repute watched, and then wrote about a series of notorious performances by the London telepathists Julius and Agnes Zancig.One was W. T. Stead, the pugnacious purveyor of New Journalism and hugely influential in shaping public opinion; the other was Henry James, the author of a great number of highbrow, complex, and ultimately poorly selling works of prose fiction.James wrote in a letter of his impression of ‘the 'reality 'of their performance’ in the face of accusations of fraud based on a supposed ‘very wonderfully elaborated code of signalling’ between the pair.A persuasive factor was the rumour, told to him by the actor and theatre manager John Hare at a party, that Stead had proved the Zancigs’ telepathic powers during private tests at his own home.Stead published his own defence of the Zancigs in the 'Review of Reviews',' 'covering in detail their performance at the Alhambra Music Hall, and, indeed, the tests that seem likely to have been the subject of the gossip heard by James.What is especially remarkable about Stead’s article is that its description of the physical reality of telepathy is strikingly reminiscent of the instances of wordless communication that occur between the sensitive protagonists who populate James’s 'fin-de-siècle' novels.The aim of my paper is to use Stead’s and James’s shared interest in the Zancigs as a starting point from which to explore how the two writers’ authorial voices, ostensibly so different to each other, become closely imbricated as they converge on the topic of thought transference.In this way, I hope to show that in addition to the operation of rumour among their social milieu, Stead and James were connected by their appreciation of a more occulted form of communication, which would help define their apparently distinct contributions to 'fin-de-siècle' culture.

  10. ToF-SIMS imaging of molecular-level alteration mechanisms in Le Bonheur de vivre by Henri Matisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voras, Zachary E.; Wiggins, Marcie B.; Beebe, Thomas P. [University of Delaware, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Newark, DE (United States); University of Delaware, UD Surface Analysis Facility, Newark, DE (United States); DeGhetaldi, Kristin [University of Delaware, Department of Art Conservation, Newark, DE (United States); Winterthur-University of Delaware Program in Art Conservation, Winterthur, DE (United States); Buckley, Barbara [The Barnes Foundation, Department of Conservation, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Baade, Brian [University of Delaware, Department of Art Conservation, Newark, DE (United States); Mass, Jennifer L. [Winterthur Museum, Scientific Research and Analysis Laboratory, Conservation Department, Winterthur, DE (United States)

    2015-11-15

    Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) has recently been shown to be a valuable tool for cultural heritage studies, especially when used in conjunction with established analytical techniques in the field. The ability of ToF-SIMS to simultaneously image inorganic and organic species within a paint cross section at micrometer-level spatial resolution makes it a uniquely qualified analytical technique to aid in further understanding the processes of pigment and binder alteration, as well as pigment-binder interactions. In this study, ToF-SIMS was used to detect and image both molecular and elemental species related to CdS pigment and binding medium alteration on the painting Le Bonheur de vivre (1905-1906, The Barnes Foundation) by Henri Matisse. Three categories of inorganic and organic components were found throughout Le Bonheur de vivre and co-localized in cross-sectional samples using high spatial resolution ToF-SIMS analysis: (1) species relating to the preparation and photo-induced oxidation of CdS yellow pigments (2) varying amounts of long-chain fatty acids present in both the paint and primary ground layer and (3) specific amino acid fragments, possibly relating to the painting's complex restoration history. ToF-SIMS's ability to discern both organic and inorganic species via cross-sectional imaging was used to compare samples collected from Le Bonheur de vivre to artificially aged reference paints in an effort to gather mechanistic information relating to alteration processes that have been previously explored using μXANES, SR-μXRF, SEM-EDX, and SR-FTIR. The relatively high sensitivity offered by ToF-SIMS imaging coupled to the high spatial resolution allowed for the positive identification of degradation products (such as cadmium oxalate) in specific paint regions that have before been unobserved. The imaging of organic materials has provided an insight into the extent of destruction of the original binding medium, as well as

  11. Temperature dependence of Henry's law constants and KOA for simple and heteroatom-substituted PAHs by COSMO-RS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parnis, J. Mark; Mackay, Donald; Harner, Tom

    2015-06-01

    Henry's Law constants (H) and octanol-air partition coefficients (KOA) for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and selected nitrogen-, oxygen- and sulfur-containing derivatives have been computed using the COSMO-RS method between -5 and 40 °C in 5 °C intervals. The accuracy of the estimation was assessed by comparison of COSMOtherm values with published experimental temperature-dependence data for these and similar PAHs. COSMOtherm log H estimates with temperature-variation for parent PAHs are shown to have a root-mean-square (RMS) error of 0.38 (PAH), based on available validation data. Estimates of O-, N- and S-substituted derivative log H values are found to have RMS errors of 0.30 at 25 °C. Log KOA estimates with temperature variation from COSMOtherm are shown to be strongly correlated with experimental values for a small set of unsubstituted PAHs, but with a systematic underestimation and associated RMS error of 1.11. Similar RMS error of 1.64 was found for COSMO-RS estimates of a group of critically-evaluated log KOA values at room temperature. Validation demonstrates that COSMOtherm estimates of H and KOA are of sufficient accuracy to be used for property screening and preliminary environmental risk assessment, and perform very well for modeling the influence of temperature on partitioning behavior in the temperature range -5 to 40 °C. Temperature-dependent shifts of up to 2 log units in log H and one log unit for log KOA are predicted for PAH species over the range -5 and 40 °C. Within the family of PAH molecules, COSMO-RS is sufficiently accurate to make it useful as a source of estimates for modeling purposes, following corrections for systematic underestimation of KOA. Average changes in the values for log H and log KOA upon substitution are given for various PAH substituent categories, with the most significant shifts being associated with the ionizing nitro functionality and keto groups.

  12. Evidence of bias in air-water Henry's law constants for semivolatile organic compounds measured by inert gas stripping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shunthirasingham, Chubashini; Lei, Ying Duan; Wania, Frank

    2007-06-01

    Accurate knowledge of the air-water Henry's law constant (H) is crucial for understanding an organic compound's environmental behavior. The inert gas stripping (IGS) method, widely used to measure H of semivolatile organic compounds (SOCs), may yield erroneously high values for compounds with a high water surface adsorption coefficient, K(IA), because chemical adsorbed to the bubble surface may be transferred to the head space upon bursting at the top of the stripping column. Experiments with alkanols of variable chain length identified a K(IA) threshold of approximately 10(-3) m, above which IGS is susceptible to this artifact. Most SOCs are predicted to have K(IA) values well above that threshold. IGS-determined H-values for chemicals belonging to various groups of SOCs were evaluated by comparison with H-values either calculated from reliable vapor pressure and solubility data or derived from data compilations that achieve thermodynamic consistency through optimized adjustment of measured physical-chemical property data. The investigated deviations were found to be generally consistent with what would be expected from a surface adsorption artifact. Namely, the apparent bias in IGS-determined H-values, if it occurs, (1) is positive, (2) increases with increasing size of an SOC, and (3) increases with decreasing temperature. It generally is also of a magnitude predicted using estimated K(IA) values. However, different studies display different K(IA) threshold values, beyond which the artifact becomes notable, and some studies appear to succeed in avoiding the artifact altogether. Whereas the use of aerosol traps cannot explain the absence of a surface adsorption artifact, it may be related to higher flow rates used by some investigators. For large compounds or those with more than one functional group, the predicted deviation is too large when compared to observations, suggesting that the estimated K(IA) values for those compounds are too high. A full quantitative

  13. Systolic Blood Pressure Response During Exercise Stress Testing: The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neal, Wesley T; Qureshi, Waqas T; Blaha, Michael J; Keteyian, Steven J; Brawner, Clinton A; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2015-05-07

    The prognostic significance of modest elevations in exercise systolic blood pressure response has not been extensively examined. We examined the association between systolic blood pressure response and all-cause death and incident myocardial infarction (MI) in 44 089 (mean age 53±13 years, 45% female, 26% black) patients who underwent exercise treadmill stress testing from the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project (1991-2010). Exercise systolic blood pressure response was examined as a categorical variable (>20 mm Hg: referent; 1 to 20 mm Hg, and ≤0 mm Hg) and per 1 SD decrease. Cox regression was used to compute hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CI for the association between systolic blood pressure response and all-cause death and incident MI. Over a median follow-up of 10 years, a total of 4782 (11%) deaths occurred and over 5.2 years, a total of 1188 (2.7%) MIs occurred. In a Cox regression analysis adjusted for demographics, physical fitness, and cardiovascular risk factors, an increased risk of death was observed with decreasing systolic blood pressure response (>20 mm Hg: HR=1.0, referent; 1 to 20 mm Hg: HR=1.13, 95% CI=1.05, 1.22; ≤0 mm Hg: HR=1.21, 95% CI=1.09, 1.34). A trend for increased MI risk was observed (>20 mm Hg: HR=1.0, referent; 1 to 20 mm Hg: HR=1.09, 95% CI=0.93, 1.27; ≤0 mm Hg: HR=1.19, 95% CI=0.95, 1.50). Decreases in systolic blood pressure response per 1 SD were associated with an increased risk for all-cause death (HR=1.08, 95% CI=1.05, 1.11) and incident MI (HR=1.09, 95% CI=1.03, 1.16). Our results suggest that modest increases in exercise systolic blood pressure response are associated with adverse outcomes. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  14. Prognostic value of exercise capacity in patients with coronary artery disease: the FIT (Henry Ford ExercIse Testing) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Rupert K; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; McEvoy, John W; Whelton, Seamus P; Blumenthal, Roger S; Nasir, Khurram; Schairer, John R; Brawner, Clinton; Alam, Mohsen; Keteyian, Steven J; Blaha, Michael J

    2014-12-01

    To examine the prognostic value of exercise capacity in patients with nonrevascularized and revascularized coronary artery disease (CAD) seen in routine clinical practice. We analyzed 9852 adults with known CAD (mean ± SD age, 61±12 years; 69% men [n=6836], 31% black race [n=3005]) from The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project, a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent physician-referred stress testing at a single health care system between January 1, 1991, and May 31, 2009. Patients were categorized by revascularization status (nonrevascularized, percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI], or coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] surgery) and by metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved on stress testing. Using Cox regression models, hazard ratios for mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), and downstream revascularizations were calculated after adjusting for potential confounders, including cardiac risk factors, pertinent medications, and stress testing indication. There were 3824 all-cause deaths during median follow-up of 11.5 years. In addition, 1880 MIs, and 1930 revascularizations were ascertained. Each 1-MET increment in exercise capacity was associated with a hazard ratio (95% CI) of 0.87 (0.85-0.89), 0.87 (0.85-0.90), and 0.86 (0.84-0.89) for mortality; 0.98 (0.96-1.01), 0.88 (0.84-0.92), and 0.93 (0.90-0.97) for MI; and 0.94 (0.92-0.96), 0.91 (0.88-0.95), and 0.96 (0.92-0.99) for downstream revascularizations in the nonrevascularized, PCI, and CABG groups, respectively. In each MET category, the nonrevascularized group had similar mortality risk as and higher MI and downstream revascularization risk than the PCI and CABG surgery groups (P<.05). Exercise capacity was a strong predictor of mortality, MI, and downstream revascularizations in this cohort. Furthermore, patients with similar exercise capacities had an equivalent mortality risk, irrespective of baseline revascularization status. Copyright © 2014 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education

  15. Network cosmology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krioukov, Dmitri; Kitsak, Maksim; Sinkovits, Robert S; Rideout, David; Meyer, David; Boguñá, Marián

    2012-01-01

    Prediction and control of the dynamics of complex networks is a central problem in network science. Structural and dynamical similarities of different real networks suggest that some universal laws might accurately describe the dynamics of these networks, albeit the nature and common origin of such laws remain elusive. Here we show that the causal network representing the large-scale structure of spacetime in our accelerating universe is a power-law graph with strong clustering, similar to many complex networks such as the Internet, social, or biological networks. We prove that this structural similarity is a consequence of the asymptotic equivalence between the large-scale growth dynamics of complex networks and causal networks. This equivalence suggests that unexpectedly similar laws govern the dynamics of complex networks and spacetime in the universe, with implications to network science and cosmology.

  16. Network Cosmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krioukov, Dmitri; Kitsak, Maksim; Sinkovits, Robert S.; Rideout, David; Meyer, David; Boguñá, Marián

    2012-01-01

    Prediction and control of the dynamics of complex networks is a central problem in network science. Structural and dynamical similarities of different real networks suggest that some universal laws might accurately describe the dynamics of these networks, albeit the nature and common origin of such laws remain elusive. Here we show that the causal network representing the large-scale structure of spacetime in our accelerating universe is a power-law graph with strong clustering, similar to many complex networks such as the Internet, social, or biological networks. We prove that this structural similarity is a consequence of the asymptotic equivalence between the large-scale growth dynamics of complex networks and causal networks. This equivalence suggests that unexpectedly similar laws govern the dynamics of complex networks and spacetime in the universe, with implications to network science and cosmology. PMID:23162688

  17. Henri Becquerel: serendipitous brilliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margaritondo, Giorgio

    2008-06-01

    Serendipity has always been an attendant to great science. Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered the cosmic background radiation after first mistaking it for the effect of pigeon droppings on their microwave antenna. US spy satellites detected gamma-ray bursts when surveying the sky for evidence of secret Soviet nuclear tests during the Cold War. Satyendra Bose arrived at Bose-Einstein statistics only after discovering that a mathematical error explained the experimental data concerning the photoelectric effect. In the words of science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov, "The most exciting phrase in science is not 'Eureka!', but rather, 'That's funny...'.

  18. Dale, Prof. Henry Hallett

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Academy Public Lecture. Posted on 19 January 2018. Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza by Prof. Kanta Subbarao 25 January 2018 at 1600 hrs. Ground floor, Main auditorium, New Biological Sciences Building, IISc. Event Poster ...

  19. Telecommunication networks

    CERN Document Server

    Iannone, Eugenio

    2011-01-01

    Many argue that telecommunications network infrastructure is the most impressive and important technology ever developed. Analyzing the telecom market's constantly evolving trends, research directions, infrastructure, and vital needs, Telecommunication Networks responds with revolutionized engineering strategies to optimize network construction. Omnipresent in society, telecom networks integrate a wide range of technologies. These include quantum field theory for the study of optical amplifiers, software architectures for network control, abstract algebra required to design error correction co

  20. Interconnected networks

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This volume provides an introduction to and overview of the emerging field of interconnected networks which include multi layer or multiplex networks, as well as networks of networks. Such networks present structural and dynamical features quite different from those observed in isolated networks. The presence of links between different networks or layers of a network typically alters the way such interconnected networks behave – understanding the role of interconnecting links is therefore a crucial step towards a more accurate description of real-world systems. While examples of such dissimilar properties are becoming more abundant – for example regarding diffusion, robustness and competition – the root of such differences remains to be elucidated. Each chapter in this topical collection is self-contained and can be read on its own, thus making it also suitable as reference for experienced researchers wishing to focus on a particular topic.

  1. Network maintenance

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    A site wide network maintenance has been scheduled for Saturday 28 February. Most of the network devices of the General Purpose network will be upgraded to a newer software version, in order to improve our network monitoring capabilities. This will result in a series of short (2-5 minutes) random interruptions everywhere on the CERN sites along this day. This upgrade will not affect: the Computer centre itself, building 613, the Technical Network and the LHC experiments dedicated networks at the pits. Should you need more details on this intervention, please contact Netops by phone 74927 or email mailto:Netops@cern.ch. IT/CS Group

  2. Network maintenance

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    A site-wide network maintenance operation has been scheduled for Saturday 28 February. Most of the network devices of the general purpose network will be upgraded to a newer software version, in order to improve our network monitoring capabilities. This will result in a series of short (2-5 minutes) random interruptions everywhere on the CERN sites throughout the day. This upgrade will not affect the Computer Centre itself, Building 613, the Technical Network and the LHC experiments, dedicated networks at the pits. For further details of this intervention, please contact Netops by phone 74927 or e-mail mailto:Netops@cern.ch. IT/CS Group

  3. Network Ambivalence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Jagoda

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The language of networks now describes everything from the Internet to the economy to terrorist organizations. In distinction to a common view of networks as a universal, originary, or necessary form that promises to explain everything from neural structures to online traffic, this essay emphasizes the contingency of the network imaginary. Network form, in its role as our current cultural dominant, makes scarcely imaginable the possibility of an alternative or an outside uninflected by networks. If so many things and relationships are figured as networks, however, then what is not a network? If a network points towards particular logics and qualities of relation in our historical present, what others might we envision in the future? In  many ways, these questions are unanswerable from within the contemporary moment. Instead of seeking an avant-garde approach (to move beyond networks or opting out of networks (in some cases, to recover elements of pre-networked existence, this essay proposes a third orientation: one of ambivalence that operates as a mode of extreme presence. I propose the concept of "network aesthetics," which can be tracked across artistic media and cultural forms, as a model, style, and pedagogy for approaching interconnection in the twenty-first century. The following essay is excerpted from Network Ambivalence (Forthcoming from University of Chicago Press. 

  4. Apariencia, idea y cuerpo: un prólogo platónico para la fenomenología de la vida de Michel Henry = Appearance, idea and body: a platonic prologue to Michel Henry’s phenomenology of life

    OpenAIRE

    Palomar Torralbo, Agustín

    2013-01-01

    El lugar que ocupa el cuerpo en la relación entre apariencia e idea en Platón se toma en este trabajo como una introducción a la problemática que afronta la fenomenología de la vida de Henry. La primera parte del traba-jo expone fenomenológicamente

  5. Chemical, physical and profile oceanographic data collected aboard NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-07-28 to 2010-08-10 in response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NODC Accession 0069091)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical, physical and profile oceanographic data were collected aboard NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-07-28 to 2010-08-10 in response to...

  6. Chemical, physical and profile oceanographic data collected aboard NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NODC Accession 0068954)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical, physical and profile oceanographic data were collected aboard NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22 in response to...

  7. A Laboratory Experiment To Measure Henry's Law Constants of Volatile Organic Compounds with a Bubble Column and a Gas Chromatography Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Shan-Hu; Mukherjee, Souptik; Brewer, Brittany; Ryan, Raphael; Yu, Huan; Gangoda, Mahinda

    2013-01-01

    An undergraduate laboratory experiment is described to measure Henry's law constants of organic compounds using a bubble column and gas chromatography flame ionization detector (GC-FID). This experiment is designed for upper-division undergraduate laboratory courses and can be implemented in conjunction with physical chemistry, analytical…

  8. Une géographie critique de l’espace du quotidien. L’actualité mondialisée de la pensée spatiale d’Henri Lefebvre

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jean-Yves Martin

    2006-01-01

    ... : faire d’abord le lien entre la pensée spatiale d’Henri Lefebvre, telle qu’elle apparaît tout particulièrement dans «La production de l’espace» et sa «critique de la vie quotidienne...

  9. Network neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassett, Danielle S; Sporns, Olaf

    2017-02-23

    Despite substantial recent progress, our understanding of the principles and mechanisms underlying complex brain function and cognition remains incomplete. Network neuroscience proposes to tackle these enduring challenges. Approaching brain structure and function from an explicitly integrative perspective, network neuroscience pursues new ways to map, record, analyze and model the elements and interactions of neurobiological systems. Two parallel trends drive the approach: the availability of new empirical tools to create comprehensive maps and record dynamic patterns among molecules, neurons, brain areas and social systems; and the theoretical framework and computational tools of modern network science. The convergence of empirical and computational advances opens new frontiers of scientific inquiry, including network dynamics, manipulation and control of brain networks, and integration of network processes across spatiotemporal domains. We review emerging trends in network neuroscience and attempt to chart a path toward a better understanding of the brain as a multiscale networked system.

  10. Organizational Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grande, Bård; Sørensen, Ole Henning

    1998-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept of organizational network are identified and critically discussed. Special focus is placed on how information and communication technologies as communication mediators and cognitive pictures influence...

  11. Network workshop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Jesper; Evans, Robert Harry

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the background for, realisation of and author reflections on a network workshop held at ESERA2013. As a new research area in science education, networks offer a unique opportunity to visualise and find patterns and relationships in complicated social or academic network data...... research community. With this workshop, participants were offered a way into network science based on authentic educational research data. The workshop was constructed as an inquiry lesson with emphasis on user autonomy. Learning activities had participants choose to work with one of two cases of networks...... network methodology in one’s research might supersede the perceived benefits of doing so. As a response to that problem, we argue that workshops can act as a road towards meaningful engagement with networks and highlight that network methodology promises new ways of interpreting data to answer questions...

  12. Social Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Martí, Joan; Zenou, Yves

    2009-01-01

    We survey the literature on social networks by putting together the economics, sociological and physics/applied mathematics approaches, showing their similarities and differences. We expose, in particular, the two main ways of modeling network formation. While the physics/applied mathematics approach is capable of reproducing most observed networks, it does not explain why they emerge. On the contrary, the economics approach is very precise in explaining why networks emerge but does a poor jo...

  13. Network Coding

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Network coding is a technique to increase the amount of information °ow in a network by mak- ing the key observation that information °ow is fundamentally different from commodity °ow. Whereas, under traditional methods of opera- tion of data networks, intermediate nodes are restricted to simply forwarding their incoming.

  14. OS EFEITOS DE SENTIDO TEXTUALIZADOS NA CAPA DO LIVRO “THE TRIPLE HELIX – UNIVERSITY, INDUSTRY, GOVERNMENT – INNOVATION IN ACTION” DE HENRY ETZKOWITZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Flôr Correa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é apresentar, à luz da Análise do Discurso da linha francesa (AD e do enfoque Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade (CTS, os efeitos de sentido textualizados na capa do livro “The Triple Helix - University, Industry, Government – Innovation in Action”, de Henry Etzkowitz. Para subsidiar a análise, inicialmente faremos uma breve apresentação das abordagens teórico-metodológicas utilizadas no estudo. Ainda para alcançar o objetivo central, enfocaremos na sequência, o contexto da teoria da Hélice Tríplice como parte das condições de produção dos efeitos de sentido. E, na seção posterior, apresentaremos a apreciação dos resultados obtidos.

  15. Mathematical relationships between vapor pressure, water solubility, Henry's law constant, n-octanol/water partition coefficent and gas chromatographic retention index of polychlorinated-dibenzo-dioxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Y H; Wong, P K

    2002-01-01

    Mathematical relationships between vapor pressures (P), water solubilities (S), Henry's law constants (Hc). noctanol/water partition coefficients (Kow) and gas chromatograph retention indices (GC-RIs) of polychlorinated-dibenzo-dioxins (PCDDs) were established. A model equation was established between GC-RIs (= RI) and other physico-chemical parameters (K) of PCDDs in the form of log K = aRI2 + bRI + c with correlation coefficients (R2) greater than 0.97, except Hc. These equations were derived from 56 experimental data of PCDDs reported previously. The values of P, S, Hc and Kow of PCDDs predicted by these equations based on their GC-RIs in the present study deviated from those calculated by the SOFA method in a previous study by only 0.19, 0.13, 0.18 and 0.096 log units, respectively.

  16. MESCHONNIC, Henri. Poética do traduzir. Trad. Jerusa Pires Ferreira e Suely Fenerich. São Paulo, Perspectiva: 2010. 279 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Andrada

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2014v1n33p354 O livro Poética do traduzir, de Henri Meschonnic (1932-2009, traduzido por Suely Fenerich e Jerusa Pires Ferreira, que também escreve o prefácio nesta edição, está organizado em duas partes dialeticamente conectadas abordando a relação entre teoria e prática no ato de traduzir, procurando estender a apreciação poética da tradução no campo dos sentidos frasais e sua oralidade, para além da dramaturgia.

  17. Les ouvrages d'Henri Beauregard : des témoins historiques d'une carrière de naturaliste

    OpenAIRE

    Jaussaud, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    article électronique déposé sur le blog Interfaces livres anciens de l'Université de Lyon; Emmanuel Henri Beauregard (1851-1900) nait le 6 décembre 1851 au Havre. Ce fils d’un médecin hospitalier suit à Paris un triple cursus, soutenant trois thèses : celles de doctorat ès sciences (sur la vascularisation de l’œil des Vertébrés, 1876), de pharmacien de première classe (sur les plantes du genre Daphne, 1876) et de doctorat en médecine (sur le développement des organes génito-urinaires des Mamm...

  18. Henri Lefebvre : une pensée critique de l’espace conçu et aménagé

    OpenAIRE

    Clavel, Maïté

    2017-01-01

    Henri Lefebvre a su dire et montrer les liens complexes qui liaient les espaces et leurs sociétés, montrer combien l’espace en fait partie intégrante, pas seulement comme produit mais comme outil de production, force productive. Pour lui, l’espace n’est pas seulement un vecteur économique, il est aussi support de symboles, langage, réservoir d’images. Il se distinguait ainsi d’autres chercheurs, dont les auteurs de référence étaient les mêmes, mais qui réduisaient ces liens à une simple dépen...

  19. Impact of economic fluctuations on suicide mortality in Canada (1926-2008): Testing the Durkheim, Ginsberg, and Henry and Short theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibodeau, Lise; Lachaud, James

    2016-01-01

    Three theories have been proposed to explain the relationship between suicide and economic fluctuations, including the Durkheim (nonlinear), Ginsberg (procyclical), and Henry and Short (countercyclical) theories. This study tested the effect of economic fluctuations, measured by unemployment rate, on suicide rates in Canada from 1926 to 2008. Autoregressive integrated moving average time-series models were used. The results showed a significant relationship between suicide and economic fluctuation; this association was positive during the contraction period (1926-1950) and negative in the period of economic expansion (1951-1973). Males and females showed differential effects in the period of moderate unemployment (1974-2008). In addition, the suicide rate of mid-adults (45-64) was most impacted by economic fluctuations. Our study tends to support Durkheim's theory and suggests the need for public health responses in times of economic contraction and expansion.

  20. Henri Galinié et les « terres noires » de l’archéologie urbaine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Brochard

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available L’archéologue Henri Galinié, spécialiste de l’archéologie urbaine médiévale, fondateur du Centre National d’Archéologie Urbaine et directeur de recherche au C nrs , a animé cette  journée de réflexion, rappelant tout d’abord les apports de la géographie à sa spécialité, en citant notamment les travaux de Pierre George et Jacqueline Beaujeu-Garnier. Il a ensuite dressé un bref historique de l’archéologie urbaine, situant son origine aux années 1960, lorsqu’elle ...

  1. La collaboration entre Maurice Denis et Henri Carot à la lumière de la restauration des verrières du Vésinet (Yvelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence de Finance

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available La réalisation d’une verrière nécessite la réunion de plusieurs compétences dont celles d’un cartonnier et d’un peintre verrier. La restauration des verrières des chapelles et du déambulatoire de l’église Sainte-Marguerite du Vésinet (Yvelines a permis d’étudier le travail réalisé en étroite collaboration entre le peintre Maurice Denis et le peintre verrier Henri Carot. De nombreux documents préparatoires, découverts à l’occasion de cette restauration, ont été étudiés et comparés : projets, dessins, esquisses, et deux séries de cartons à échelle d’exécution. Leur analyse comparative permet de suivre pas à pas l’évolution de la création, du projet initial à la réalisation de l’ensemble vitré.The realisation of a stained-glass window requires the association of several skills including those of the designer (the ‘cartonnier’ or cartoon painter and the painter on glass. The restoration of the stained-glass windows of the chapels and ambulatory of the Sainte-Marguerite church at Le Vesinet (Yvelines allowed for a study of the close collaboration between the painter Maurice Denis and the glass painter Henri Carot. Many documents were brought to light during the restoration project and have been studied: projects, drawings, sketches and two series of full-scale design cartoons. The comparative analysis of these documents allows the creation of the stained-glass to be followed step by step, from the initial project to the final realisation.

  2. Technical Network

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    In order to optimise the management of the Technical Network (TN), to facilitate understanding of the purpose of devices connected to the TN and to improve security incident handling, the Technical Network Administrators and the CNIC WG have asked IT/CS to verify the "description" and "tag" fields of devices connected to the TN. Therefore, persons responsible for systems connected to the TN will receive e-mails from IT/CS asking them to add the corresponding information in the network database at "network-cern-ch". Thank you very much for your cooperation. The Technical Network Administrators & the CNIC WG

  3. Network science

    CERN Document Server

    Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

    2016-01-01

    Networks are everywhere, from the Internet, to social networks, and the genetic networks that determine our biological existence. Illustrated throughout in full colour, this pioneering textbook, spanning a wide range of topics from physics to computer science, engineering, economics and the social sciences, introduces network science to an interdisciplinary audience. From the origins of the six degrees of separation to explaining why networks are robust to random failures, the author explores how viruses like Ebola and H1N1 spread, and why it is that our friends have more friends than we do. Using numerous real-world examples, this innovatively designed text includes clear delineation between undergraduate and graduate level material. The mathematical formulas and derivations are included within Advanced Topics sections, enabling use at a range of levels. Extensive online resources, including films and software for network analysis, make this a multifaceted companion for anyone with an interest in network sci...

  4. Vulnerability of network of networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havlin, S.; Kenett, D. Y.; Bashan, A.; Gao, J.; Stanley, H. E.

    2014-10-01

    Our dependence on networks - be they infrastructure, economic, social or others - leaves us prone to crises caused by the vulnerabilities of these networks. There is a great need to develop new methods to protect infrastructure networks and prevent cascade of failures (especially in cases of coupled networks). Terrorist attacks on transportation networks have traumatized modern societies. With a single blast, it has become possible to paralyze airline traffic, electric power supply, ground transportation or Internet communication. How, and at which cost can one restructure the network such that it will become more robust against malicious attacks? The gradual increase in attacks on the networks society depends on - Internet, mobile phone, transportation, air travel, banking, etc. - emphasize the need to develop new strategies to protect and defend these crucial networks of communication and infrastructure networks. One example is the threat of liquid explosives a few years ago, which completely shut down air travel for days, and has created extreme changes in regulations. Such threats and dangers warrant the need for new tools and strategies to defend critical infrastructure. In this paper we review recent advances in the theoretical understanding of the vulnerabilities of interdependent networks with and without spatial embedding, attack strategies and their affect on such networks of networks as well as recently developed strategies to optimize and repair failures caused by such attacks.

  5. Network Coded Software Defined Networking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jonas; Roetter, Daniel Enrique Lucani; Krigslund, Jeppe

    2015-01-01

    . The inherent flexibility of both SDN and NC provides fertile ground to envision more efficient, robust, and secure networking designs, which may also incorporate content caching and storage, all of which are key challenges of the upcoming 5G networks. This article not only proposes the fundamentals......Software defined networking has garnered large attention due to its potential to virtualize services in the Internet, introducing flexibility in the buffering, scheduling, processing, and routing of data in network routers. SDN breaks the deadlock that has kept Internet network protocols stagnant...... for decades, while applications and physical links have evolved. This article advocates for the use of SDN to bring about 5G network services by incorporating network coding (NC) functionalities. The latter constitutes a major leap forward compared to the state-of-the- art store and forward Internet paradigm...

  6. Network Coded Software Defined Networking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krigslund, Jeppe; Hansen, Jonas; Roetter, Daniel Enrique Lucani

    2015-01-01

    Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Coding (NC) are two key concepts in networking that have garnered a large attention in recent years. On the one hand, SDN's potential to virtualize services in the Internet allows a large flexibility not only for routing data, but also to manage....... This paper advocates for the use of SDN to bring about future Internet and 5G network services by incorporating network coding (NC) functionalities. The inherent flexibility of both SDN and NC provides a fertile ground to envision more efficient, robust, and secure networking designs, that may also...... incorporate content caching and storage, all of which are key challenges of the future Internet and the upcoming 5G networks. This paper proposes some of the keys behind this intersection and supports it with use cases as well as a an implementation that integrated the Kodo library (NC) into OpenFlow (SDN...

  7. Telecommunication Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Løvenstein; Balachandran, Kartheepan; Hald, Sara Ligaard

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter, we look into the role of telecommunication networks and their capability of supporting critical infrastructure systems and applications. The focus is on smart grids as the key driving example, bearing in mind that other such systems do exist, e.g., water management, traffic control......, etc. First, the role of basic communication is examined with a focus on critical infrastructures. We look at heterogenic networks and standards for smart grids, to give some insight into what has been done to ensure inter-operability in this direction. We then go to the physical network, and look...... at the deployment of the physical layout of the communication network and the related costs. This is an important aspect as one option to use existing networks is to deploy dedicated networks. Following this, we look at some generic models that describe reliability for accessing dynamic information. This part...

  8. Networked Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryberg, Thomas; Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2008-01-01

    In this article we take up a critique of the concept of Communities of Practice (CoP) voiced by several authors, who suggest that networks may provide a better metaphor to understand social forms of organisation and learning. Through a discussion of the notion of networked learning and the critique...... of CoPs we shall argue that the metaphor or theory of networked learning is itself confronted with some central tensions and challenges that need to be addressed. We then explore these theoretical and analytic challenges to the network metaphor, through an analysis of a Danish social networking site. We...... argue that understanding meaning-making and ‘networked identities’ may be relevant analytic entry points in navigating the challenges....

  9. Wireless Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Samaka, Mohammed; Khan, Khaled M.D.

    2007-01-01

    Wireless communication is the fastest-growing field in the telecommunication industry. Wireless networks have grown significantly as an important segment of the communications industry. They have become popular networks with the potential to provide high-speed, high-quality information exchange between two or more portable devices without any wire or conductors. Wireless networks can simply be characterized as the technology that provides seamless access to information, anywhere, anyplace, an...

  10. Enterpreneurial network

    OpenAIRE

    Thoma, Antonela; Nguyen, Lien; Kupsyte, Valdone

    2014-01-01

    Network has become more and more indispensable in the entrepreneurial world. Especially in startup businesses, network is crucial for new entrepreneurs. This project looks at how entrepreneurs in different sectors use network to become successful. We chose to work with three entrepreneurs from three companies that have been operational for a few years and conducted face to face interviews with them. Through the data from the interviews, we analyzed firstly what type of entrepreneurs they are,...

  11. Network security

    CERN Document Server

    Perez, André

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces the security mechanisms deployed in Ethernet, Wireless-Fidelity (Wi-Fi), Internet Protocol (IP) and MultiProtocol Label Switching (MPLS) networks. These mechanisms are grouped throughout the book according to the following four functions: data protection, access control, network isolation, and data monitoring. Data protection is supplied by data confidentiality and integrity control services. Access control is provided by a third-party authentication service. Network isolation is supplied by the Virtual Private Network (VPN) service. Data monitoring consists of applying

  12. Networking Japan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    HIDA). Many of these alumni have and will in the future exchange ideas and keep contact not only to Japan, but also to fellow alumni around the globe and, thereby, practice south-south exchanges, which are made possible and traceable by their established alumni network and the World Network of Friends...... (WNF). Through the alumni network, Japan continues to infuse ideas to participants and alumni, who interpret and disseminate these ideas through alumni society networks and activities, but their discussions nationally and regionally also get reported back to Japan and affect future policies...

  13. Technical Network

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    In order to optimize the management of the Technical Network (TN), to ease the understanding and purpose of devices connected to the TN, and to improve security incident handling, the Technical Network Administrators and the CNIC WG have asked IT/CS to verify the "description" and "tag" fields of devices connected to the TN. Therefore, persons responsible for systems connected to the TN will receive email notifications from IT/CS asking them to add the corresponding information in the network database. Thank you very much for your cooperation. The Technical Network Administrators & the CNIC WG

  14. Easements, MDTA Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement on I 95, Fort McHenry Tunnel, Baltimore Harbor tunnel, Francis Scott Key Bridge, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Maryland Transportation Authority.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — Easements dataset current as of 2010. MDTA Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement, Right of Way Easement on I 95, Fort McHenry Tunnel, Baltimore Harbor tunnel,...

  15. Oceanographic data collected during the HB1204 (Deep-Sea Corals and Benthic Habitats in Northeast Deepwater Canyons) expedition on NOAA Ship Henry Bigelow in the North Atlantic Ocean between 2012-07-03 to 2012-07-18 (NCEI Accession 0097966)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A multi-disciplinary team of scientists on the Henry Bigelow HB1204 mission surveyed and ground-truthed known or suspected deep-sea coral habitats associated with...

  16. NRDA-processed CTD data from NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 1 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-03 to 2010-08-10, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0127951)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V Henry Bigelow to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water column,...

  17. NRDA-processed CTD data from NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 2 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-14 to 2010-08-20, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128115)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V Henry Bigelow to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water column,...

  18. Smog chamber experiments to investigate Henry's law constants of glyoxal using different seed aerosols as well as imidazole formation in the presence of ammonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakob, Ronit

    2015-04-01

    Aerosols play an important role in the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere. Hence, they have a direct as well as an indirect impact on the earth's climate. Depending on their formation, one distinguishes between primary and secondary aerosols[1]. Important groups within the secondary aerosols are the secondary organic aerosols (SOAs). In order to improve predictions about these impacts on the earth's climate the existing models need to be optimized, because they still underestimate SOA formation[2]. Glyoxal, the smallest α-dicarbonyl, not only acts as a tracer for SOA formation but also as a direct contributor to SOA. Because glyoxal has such a high vapour pressure, it was common knowledge that it does not take part in gas-particle partitioning and therefore has no impact on direct SOA formation. However, the Henry's law constant for glyoxal is surprisingly high. This has been explained by the hydration of the aldehyde groups, which means that a species with a lower vapour pressure is produced. Therefore the distribution of glyoxal between gas- and particle phase is atmospherically relevant and the direct contribution of glyoxal to SOA can no longer be neglected[3]. Besides this particulate glyoxal is able to undergo heterogeneous chemistry with gaseous ammonia to form imidazoles. This plays an important role for regions with aerosols exhibiting alkaline pH values for example from lifestock or soil dust because imidazoles as nitrogen containing compounds change the optical properties of aerosols[4]. A high salt concentration present in chamber seed aerosols leads to an enhanced glyoxal uptake into the particle. This effect is called "salting-in". The salting effect depends on the composition of the seed aerosol as well as the soluble compound. For very polar compounds, like glyoxal, a "salting-in" is observed[3]. Glyoxal particle formation during a smog chamber campaign at Paul-Scherrer-Institut (PSI) in Switzerland was examined using different seed aerosols

  19. Overlay networks toward information networking

    CERN Document Server

    Tarkoma, Sasu

    2010-01-01

    With their ability to solve problems in massive information distribution and processing, while keeping scaling costs low, overlay systems represent a rapidly growing area of R&D with important implications for the evolution of Internet architecture. Inspired by the author's articles on content based routing, Overlay Networks: Toward Information Networking provides a complete introduction to overlay networks. Examining what they are and what kind of structures they require, the text covers the key structures, protocols, and algorithms used in overlay networks. It reviews the current state of th

  20. Heterodox networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lala, Purnima; Kumar, Ambuj

    2016-01-01

    It is imperative for the service providers to bring innovation in the network design to meet the exponential growth of mobile subscribers for multi-technology future wireless networks. As a matter of research, studies on providing services to moving subscriber groups aka ‘Place Time Capacity (PTC...

  1. Sensor networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chatterjea, Supriyo; Thurston, J.; Kininmonth, S.; Havinga, Paul J.M.

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the details of a sensor network that is currently being deployed at the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The sensor network allows scientists to retrieve sensor data that has a high spatial and temporal resolution. We give an overview of the energy-efficient data aggregation

  2. Network Protocols

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tanenbaum, A.S.

    1981-01-01

    Dunng the last ten years, many computer networks have been designed, implemented, and put into service in the United States, Canada, Europe, Japan, and elsewhere. From the experience obtamed with these networks, certain key design principles have begun to emerge, principles that can be used to

  3. Probabilistic Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Finn Verner; Lauritzen, Steffen Lilholt

    2001-01-01

    This article describes the basic ideas and algorithms behind specification and inference in probabilistic networks based on directed acyclic graphs, undirected graphs, and chain graphs.......This article describes the basic ideas and algorithms behind specification and inference in probabilistic networks based on directed acyclic graphs, undirected graphs, and chain graphs....

  4. Organizational Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Ole Henning; Grande, Bård

    1996-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed.......The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed....

  5. Affective Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Jodi Dean

    2010-01-01

    This article sets out the idea of affective networks as a constitutive feature of communicative capitalism. It explores the circulation of intensities in contemporary information and communication networks, arguing that this circulation should be theorized in terms of the psychoanalytic notion of the drive. The article includes critical engagements with theorists such as Guy Debord, Jacques Lacan, Tiziana Terranova, and Slavoj Zizek.

  6. Network chemistry, network toxicology, network informatics, and network behavioristics: A scientific outline

    OpenAIRE

    WenJun Zhang

    2016-01-01

    In present study, I proposed some new sciences: network chemistry, network toxicology, network informatics, and network behavioristics. The aims, scope and scientific foundation of these sciences are outlined.

  7. Network Affordances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Audrey; Soon, Winnie

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the notion of network affordance within the context of network art. Building on Gibson's theory (Gibson, 1979) we understand affordance as the perceived and actual parameters of a thing. We expand on Gaver's affordance of predictability (Gaver, 1996) to include ecological...... and computational parameters of unpredictability. We illustrate the notion of unpredictability by considering four specific works that were included in a network art exhibiton, SPEED SHOW [2.0] Hong Kong. The paper discusses how the artworks are contingent upon the parameteric relations (Parisi, 2013......), of the network. We introduce network affordance as a dynamic framework that could articulate the experienced tension arising from the (visible) symbolic representation of computational processes and its hidden occurrences. We base our proposal on the experience of both organising the SPEED SHOW and participating...

  8. Anne-Aurore Inquimbert, Un officier français dans la guerre d’Espagne. Carrière et écrits d’Henri Morel (1919-1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Fraile

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage d’Anne-Aurore Inquimbert est une biographie de la carrière militaire d’Henri Morel depuis la fin de la Première Guerre Mondiale jusqu’à sa mort en déportation en 1944. Il retrace la trajectoire d’un militaire atypique que l’auteur définit commereprésentatif d’une certaine élite française, romantique, érudite et bourgeoise pour laquelle la liberté intellectuelle est partie intégrante d’un système de valeurs. En optant pour une carrière militaire, Henri Morel s’est volontairement excl...

  9. Une géographie critique de l'espace du quotidien, actualité mondialisée de la pensée spatiale d'Henri Lefebvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin, Jean-Yves

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Volontiers présenté comme philosophe, urbaniste ou sociologue, Henri Lefebvre (1901-1991 devrait en tant que «spatiologue» interpeller davantage, et en tout premier lieu, les géographes. Comme c’est encore loin d’être vraiment le cas, les objectifs de cet article sont en ce sens principalement les suivants : faire d’abord le lien entre la pensée spatiale d’Henri Lefebvre, telle qu'elle apparaît tout particulièrement dans «La production de l'espace» et sa «critique de la vie quotidienne» ; examiner comment certains géographes contemporains ayant la volonté de s’inspirer de cette pensée la prolongent et l’actualisent dans leurs propres réflexions.

  10. 2D X-ray and FTIR micro-analysis of the degradation of cadmium yellow pigment in paintings of Henri Matisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pouyet, E. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); ARC-Nucleart - CEA/Grenoble, Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Cotte, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); LAMS (Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale) UMR-8220, Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Fayard, B.; Salome, M.; Kieffer, J.; Burghammer, M.; Sette, F. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Meirer, F. [Utrecht University, Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Utrecht (Netherlands); Mehta, A. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford Synchrotron radiation Lightsource, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Uffelman, E.S. [Washington and Lee University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Lexington, VA (United States); Hull, A. [University of Delaware, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Newark, DE (United States); Vanmeert, F.; Janssens, K. [University of Antwerp, AXES Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Antwerp (Belgium); Mass, J. [Winterthur Museum, Scientific Research and Analysis Laboratory, Conservation Department, Winterthur, DE (United States)

    2015-11-15

    The chemical and physical alterations of cadmium yellow (CdS) paints in Henri Matisse's The Joy of Life (1905-1906, The Barnes Foundation) have been recognized since 2006, when a survey by portable X-ray fluorescence identified this pigment in all altered regions of the monumental painting. This alteration is visible as fading, discoloration, chalking, flaking, and spalling of several regions of light to medium yellow paint. Since that time, synchrotron radiation-based techniques including elemental and spectroscopic imaging, as well as X-ray scattering have been employed to locate and identify the alteration products observed in this and related works by Henri Matisse. This information is necessary to formulate one or multiple mechanisms for degradation of Matisse's paints from this period, and thus ensure proper environmental conditions for the storage and the display of his works. This paper focuses on 2D full-field X-ray Near Edge Structure imaging, 2D micro-X-ray Diffraction, X-ray Fluorescence, and Fourier Transform Infra-red imaging of the altered paint layers to address one of the long-standing questions about cadmium yellow alteration - the roles of cadmium carbonates and cadmium sulphates found in the altered paint layers. These compounds have often been assumed to be photo-oxidation products, but could also be residual starting reagents from an indirect wet process synthesis of CdS. The data presented here allow identifying and mapping the location of cadmium carbonates, cadmium chlorides, cadmium oxalates, cadmium sulphates, and cadmium sulphides in thin sections of altered cadmium yellow paints from The Joy of Life and Matisse's Flower Piece (1906, The Barnes Foundation). Distribution of various cadmium compounds confirms that cadmium carbonates and sulphates are photo-degradation products in The Joy of Life, whereas in Flower Piece, cadmium carbonates appear to have been a [(partially) unreacted] starting reagent for the yellow paint, a

  11. Tropospheric multiphase chemistry of 2,5- and 2,6-dimethylphenols: determination of the mass accommodation coefficients and the Henry's law constants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diévart, Pascal; Allou, Lyassine; Louis, Florent; Le Calvé, Stéphane

    2006-04-14

    The uptake of 2,5-dimethylphenol and 2,6-dimethylphenol on aqueous surfaces was measured between 279 and 293 K, using the wetted-wall flow tube technique coupled with UV absorption spectroscopic detection. For both compounds, the uptake coefficients gamma were found to be independent of the KOH scavenger concentration in the range of 0.01 to 1 M (pH > pK(a)) and of the liquid-gas contact times. In addition, the uptake coefficients and the derived mass accommodation coefficients alpha show a negative temperature dependence in the investigated temperature range. The mass accommodation coefficients decrease from 1.1 x 10(-3) to 1.1 x 10(-4), and from 5.4 x 10(-4) to 6.4 x 10(-5) for 2,5-dimethylphenol and 2,6-dimethylphenol, respectively. These results are used to discuss the incorporation of these species into the liquid using the nucleation theory. Henry's law constants (HLC) of both compounds were directly measured using a dynamic equilibrium system based on the water/air equilibrium at the interface within the length of a microporous tube. The measurements were conducted over the range 278-293 K in both deionized water and 35 g L(-1) solution of NaCl. At 293 K and in pure water, HLC were found to be equal to (in units of M atm(-1)): 2,5-dimethylphenol, HLC = (1270 +/- 240); 2,6-dimethylphenol, HLC = (250 +/- 80). All of the values for HLC in 35 g L(-1) salt solution were 5-55% lower than the corresponding values in deionized water, depending on the compound and the temperature. These data (mass accommodation coefficients and Henry's law constants) were then used to estimate the partitioning of these phenolic compounds between gaseous and aqueous phases and the corresponding atmospheric lifetimes under clear sky (tau(gas)) and cloudy conditions (tau(multiphase)) have then been derived. The calculated multiphase lifetimes (in units of hours) are lower than those in gas phase at a cumulus temperature of 283 K (in parentheses): 2,5-dimethylphenol, 2.2 (3.5); 2

  12. Temperature-dependent Henry's law constants of 4-alkyl-branched chain fatty acids and 3-methylindole in an oil-air matrix and analysis of volatiles in lamb fat using selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castada, Hardy Z; Polentz, Victoria; Barringer, Sheryl; Wick, Macdonald

    2017-10-07

    4-Alkyl-branched chain fatty acids and 3-methylindole are characteristic flavor compounds associated with sheep meat. Determining their partitioning behavior between the gas and condensed phase and ultimately developing a correlation between the compound's headspace concentration and sensory descriptive grouping are important for high throughput characterization and grading classification. The headspace concentrations of 3-methylindole, 4-methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid, and 4-methylnonanoic acid above corn oil-based standard solutions, and lamb fat samples were measured using selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). The standard solutions were equilibrated at 80, 100, 110 and 125(o) C while the fat samples were equilibrated at 125(o) C. Statistical evaluation, linear and polynomial regression analyses were performed to establish the compound-specific and temperature-dependent Henry's law constants, enthalpy (∆H) and entropy (∆S) of phase changes. The Henry's law constants (kH(cp) ) were calculated from the regression analysis with a high degree of confidence (p 0.99). The kH(cp) increased with increase in equilibrium temperature. The empirical calculation of the ∆H and ∆S at different temperatures confirmed the temperature-dependence of the Henry's law constants. The headspace concentrations of the lamb-flavor compounds were determined above actual lamb fat samples and the corresponding condensed phase concentrations were successfully derived. The temperature-dependent Henry's law constants, ∆H, and ∆S of phase changes for 3-methylindole, 4-methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid, and 4-methylnonanoic acid in an air-oil matrix were empirically derived. The effectiveness of SIFT-MS for the direct, real-time, and rapid determination of key flavor compounds in lamb fat samples was established. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  13. Henry Kissinger a vietnamská vojna : myšlienky Henryho Kissingera ako akademika a praktická aplikácia z pozície štátnika

    OpenAIRE

    Garbarčík, Marek

    2009-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to clarify the background of steps, taken by Henry Kissinger during the Vietnam War in time, when he occupied position of the National Security Advisor of the United States of America. The second objective is to point at the position and evolution of the Vietnam War in US foreign policy context. The first part deals with analysis of Kissinger's academic papers, thoughts and approaches. The second part focuses on the description of US presidents aprroaches ...

  14. Determination of C1-C5 alkyl nitrates in rain, snow, white frost, lake, and tap water by a combined codistillation head-space gas chromatography technique. Determination of Henry's law constants by head-space GC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauff, K; Fischer, R G; Ballschmiter, K

    1998-12-01

    Alkyl nitrates with a chain length up to five carbon atoms have been determined in snow, white frost, and surface water. The samples were taken in the vicinity of Ulm, Germany, a region in central Europe. The determination of C1-C5-alkyl nitrates in water samples was achieved with a new water codistillation enrichment technique directly coupled with on-column head-space gas chromatography. The concentrations of the short chain alkyl nitrates in the different forms of wet deposition range from 89 ng L-1 for 1-propyl nitrate down to 35 ng L-1 for 1-pentyl nitrate. C1-C5-alkyl nitrates in wet depositions were also directly determined by static head-space gas chromatography. Gas-water partition coefficients KGW (Henry's law constant H) were determined by head-space gas chromatography and secondly by calculating the Henry's law constant by the ratio of vapor pressure to water solubility. The gas-water partition constants (dimensionless) or Henry's law constants range from KGW = 0.038 (H = 93 Pa m3 mol-1) for 1-propyl nitrate up to KGW = 0.122 (H = 302 Pa m3 mol-1) for 2-pentyl nitrate.

  15. Social networks

    CERN Document Server

    Etaner-Uyar, A Sima

    2014-01-01

    The present volume provides a comprehensive resource for practitioners and researchers alike-both those new to the field as well as those who already have some experience. The work covers Social Network Analysis theory and methods with a focus on current applications and case studies applied in various domains such as mobile networks, security, machine learning and health. With the increasing popularity of Web 2.0, social media has become a widely used communication platform. Parallel to this development, Social Network Analysis gained in importance as a research field, while opening up many

  16. Network Warrior

    CERN Document Server

    Donahue, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Pick up where certification exams leave off. With this practical, in-depth guide to the entire network infrastructure, you'll learn how to deal with real Cisco networks, rather than the hypothetical situations presented on exams like the CCNA. Network Warrior takes you step by step through the world of routers, switches, firewalls, and other technologies based on the author's extensive field experience. You'll find new content for MPLS, IPv6, VoIP, and wireless in this completely revised second edition, along with examples of Cisco Nexus 5000 and 7000 switches throughout. Topics include: An

  17. « Effets-tableaux » et parergon dans Macbeth Meeting the Three Witches par Francesco Zuccarelli et par Henry Füssli d’après Macbeth Pictorialism and “ergon” in the paintings of Macbeth Meeting the Three Witches by Francesco Zuccarelli (1760 and Henry Fuseli (1793-1794 after Macbeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Padilla

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During the 18th century, Shakespeare’s Macbeth was a source of inspiration for many painters who tried to underscore the pictorial quality of the play, especially that of Act 1, scene 3. The paper compares the interpretations offered by Henry Fuseli and Francesco Zuccarelli who were both foreign artists belonging to the Royal Academy of London. Their paintings after Act 1, scene 3, of Macbeth offer a visual representation articulated around contrast and convergence: if Fuseli remains faithful to the pivotal emotional intent, seen as the “ergon” here, Zuccarelli almost ignores it, finding a greater interest in the landscape of the scene that fills most of his pictorial space. However, the two works fuse together within the etymology of the term “ergon”, that equates with “work” or “action”. They illustrate the idea of active witchcraft through natural phenomena controlled by the three witches.

  18. Política, Ciencia, Ética y Sociedad: su conjunción dialéctica en la experiencia del “Contingente Henry Reeve” Politics, Science, Ethics and Society: their dialectical conjunction in the experience of the "CONTINGENT HENRY REEVE"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nereyda Martínez Suárez

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La investigación se centra en la caracterización de la actividad profesional del Contingente Médico Internacional “Henry Reeve”, especializado en situaciones de desastre y graves epidemias, tomando en cuenta el condicionamiento histórico social de la génesis del mismo, su desempeño profesional como parte de la sociedad revolucionaria cubana, así como su repercusión internacional; para lo mismo se realizó un estudio teórico, basado en la aplicación de los métodos históricos, de análisis y síntesis de fuentes documentales. El estudio permitió observar que, los servicios médicos no son únicamente un asunto de formación científica, es un asunto de política y de formación humanista. La posibilidad de su realización está condicionada histórica y socialmente de un modo concreto. La ciencia, ética y sociedad constituyen una unidad histórica que se asienta en un tipo cualitativo de política, por lo que la formación actual y futura de médicos y profesionales de la salud en nuestro país, deberá basarse en las necesidades de los campos, aldeas, barrios marginales y pobres de las ciudades del Tercer Mundo, consolidando los valores humanos necesarios en estos profesionales. Los miembros del Contingente Henry Reeve son portadores de profundos conocimientos científicos, de una fortaleza política, altos valores humanos y principios éticos inconfundibles, demostrados a través de estos años de revolución mediante la atención a nuestro pueblo, el cumplimiento de misiones internacionalistas y la colaboración médica en más de 100 países.This investigation is centred in the characterization of the professional activity of the International Medical Contingent ‘‘Henry Reeves'', specialized in disaster situations and serius epidemics, taking into account, its own social and historical nature, its professional acting as a part of the Cuban Revolutionary Society, as well as its international repercussion. For this reason a

  19. “A garden in the middle of the sea”: Henry James’s The Aspern Papers and Transnational American Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Waller

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Nicole Waller’s study of Henry James’s The Aspern Papers examines how conventional literary studies’ approaches (those that depend on biography and character analysis may tether James’s work to a set of values that reinscribe the hierarchies that his narrative specifically sets adrift. Reviewing various newer paradigms in American Studies—the border, immigrant studies, the Black Atlantic, Native American encounters—Waller relies on a subset of transnational studies, Atlantic studies, to utilize the metaphors of circulation and exchange, of fluidity and drift, of space and dislocation, to argue for a reading of James’s The Aspern Papers as a dislocated response to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s work The House of the Seven Gables. Reading The Aspern Papers closely against Hawthorne’s work, and comparing the European perspectives in both James’s and Hawthorne’s works, Waller suggests that in The Aspern Papers James affords a reading of the transnational experience as a generative gesture, where a Venetian “garden in the middle of the sea” may serve as an abode more fruitful (despite losses and more productive than the fires to which Hawthorne condemns Italian villages in The Marble Faun. Waller’s interest in the fluid spaces between the works of James and Hawthorne is echoed by both transnational American Studies and the essay itself in the unnamed narrator’s instructions to the gondolier: “Go anywhere. . . .”

  20. The Legacy of Henry Molaison (1926-2008) and the Impact of His Bilateral Mesial Temporal Lobe Surgery on the Study of Human Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dossani, Rimal Hanif; Missios, Symeon; Nanda, Anil

    2015-10-01

    In 1953, neurosurgeon William Beecher Scoville performed a bilateral mesial temporal lobe resection on patient Henry Molaison, who suffered from epilepsy. The operation was novel as a treatment for epilepsy and had an unexpected consequence: a severe compromise of Molaison's anterograde memory. In a landmark 1957 publication, Scoville and Milner concluded that mesial temporal lobe structures, particularly the hippocampi, were integral to the formation of new, recent memories. Over the next 5 decades, more than 100 researchers studied Molaison's memory, behavior, and learning skills, making him one of the most famous patients in the history of cognitive neuroscience. Following his death in 2008, his brain was scanned in situ and ex vivo and then sectioned into 2401 sections. Histological evaluation of Molaison's brain further elucidated which mesial temporal lobe structures were preserved or resected in his operation, shedding new light on the neuroanatomic underpinnings of short-term memory. Scoville regretted Molaison's surgical outcome and spoke vigorously about the dangers of bilateral mesial temporal lobe surgery. This report is the first historical account of Molaison's case in the neurosurgical literature, serving as a reminder of Molaison's contributions and of the perils of bilateral mesial temporal lobe surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Más allá de la gnosis griega. El estoicismo y Michel Henry a propósito de la afectividad, la vida y la comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Gabriel Inverso

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de su crítica a la fenomenomenología husserliana Michel Henry apela a la caracterización de los errores de la perspectiva hetero-afectiva remitiéndose a sus orígenes en la tradición sintetizados en los parámetros de la “gnosis griega” y su compromiso con la racionalidad entendida como comprensión de “objetos puestos a distancia”. La revisión de los alcances de esta categoría revela, sin embargo, que existen tratamientos en el pensamiento griego que apelan a la auto-afección y la inmanencia para dar cuenta de elementos que exceden la dimensión ek-stática. En este trabajo se revisa el planteo henryano para mostrar sus puntos de contacto con el estoicismo, especialmente a partir de la teoría de Hierocles a propósito de la oikeîosis. Este recorrido permitirá sugerir que entre ambos planteos existe una compatibilidad estructural que hace posible apelar a claves de interpretación similares para dar cuenta de la convivencia de mecanismos de explicación que apelan a lo auto-afectivo y lo hétero-afectivo en un conjunto coherente.

  2. Primater emellan. En läsning av Henry Drummonds berättelse ”Apan som ingen kunde döda”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelie Björck

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ”The anthropocentric primate. A species discursive reading of the story ‘The monkey that would not kill.’” In children's literature nonhuman primates are often represented either as ferocious beasts or as curios and charmful vicarious children. In this article I demonstrate how these different constructions interestingly coexist in the popular story ”The monkey that would not kill”, written by the Scottish evangelist and professor of the natural sciences Henry Drummond in 1891. My study anchors the figuration of the monstrous ape historically in a Christian discourse and the figuration of the childlike ape in a zoological discourse, and link them to the literary genres of horror and comedy, respectively. Both of the figurations are anthropocentric in their reductive ways of representing the ape as strange enemy or subordinate ”friend”: they confirm the hierarchic dualism between man and ape. My reading also points out the excessive passion that characterizes the meeting between the species in the story, as a kind of leakage from the dualism. In light of Giorgio Agamben's concept of the ”anthropological machine”, I conclude the article reflecting on the human shepherd's energetic attempts to kill the animal not only as an act of domination, but also as bearing witness to the obsession with ”experimenting” with other primates, in order to consolidate a human species identity.

  3. Vapour pressures, aqueous solubility, Henry's law constants and air/water partition coefficients of 1,8-dichlorooctane and 1,8-dibromooctane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarraute, Sabine; Mokbel, Ilham; Costa Gomes, Margarida F; Majer, Vladimir; Delepine, Hervé; Jose, Jacques

    2006-09-01

    New data on the vapour pressures and aqueous solubility of 1,8-dichlorooctane and 1,8-dibromooctane are reported as a function of temperature between 20 degrees C and 80 degrees C and 1 degrees C and 40 degrees C, respectively. For the vapour pressures, a static method was used during the measurements which have an estimated uncertainty between 3% and 5%. The aqueous solubilities were determined using a dynamic saturation column method and the values are accurate to within +/-10%. 1,8-Dichlorooctane is more volatile than 1,8-dibromooctane in the temperature range covered (p(sat) varies from 3 to 250 Pa and from 0.53 to 62 Pa, respectively) and is also approximately three times more soluble in water (mole fraction solubilities at 25 degrees C of 5.95 x 10(-7) and 1.92 x 10(-7), respectively). A combination of the two sets of data allowed the calculation of the Henry's law constants and the air water partition coefficients. A simple group contribution concept was used to rationalize the data obtained.

  4. Henry's law constants for hexachlorobenzene, p,p'-DDE and components of technical chlordane and estimates of gas exchange for Lake Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jantunen, Liisa M; Bidleman, Terry F

    2006-03-01

    The Henry's law constants (HLC) for trans- and cis-chlordane (TC, CC), trans-nonachlor (TN), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and p,p'-DDE were determined by the gas-stripping method over a temperature range of 5-35 degrees C. The HLC variation versus temperature (K) was described by logH=m/T+b. Parameters of this equation were (with standard deviations) TC: m=-1524+/-158, b=6.58+/-0.54; CC: m=-1786+/-209, b=7.42+/-0.71; TN m=-2068+/-284, b=8.44+/-0.97; HCB: m=-3013+/-174, b=11.60+/-0.59 and p,p'-DDE: m=-2043+/-240, b=8.37+/-0.82. The HLCs (Pa m3 mol(-1)) at 25 degrees C (298.15 K) were: TC=29; CC=27; TN=32; p,p'-DDE=33 and HCB=35. These HLCs values were used to calculate fugacity ratios from paired air and water data from Lake Ontario, July 1998. The resulting fugacity ratios predict that volatilization was occurring for all compounds during that month.

  5. Development of Monopole Interaction Models for Ionic Compounds. Part I: Estimation of Aqueous Henry's Law Constants for Ions and Gas Phase pKa Values for Acidic Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilal, S H; Saravanaraj, A N; Carreira, L A

    2014-02-01

    The SPARC (SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry) physicochemical mechanistic models for neutral compounds have been extended to estimate Henry's Law Constant (HLC) for charged species by incorporating ionic electrostatic interaction models. Combinations of absolute aqueous pKa values, relative pKa values in the gas phase, and aqueous HLC for neutral compounds have been used to develop monopole interaction models that quantify the energy differences upon moving an ionic solute molecule from the gas phase to the liquid phase. Inter-molecular interaction energies were factored into mechanistic contributions of monopoles with polarizability, dipole, H-bonding, and resonance. The monopole ionic models were validated by a wide range of measured gas phase pKa data for 450 acidic compounds. The RMS deviation error and R(2) for the OH, SH, CO2 H, CH3 and NR2 acidic reaction centers (C) were 16.9 kcal/mol and 0.87, respectively. The calculated HLCs of ions were compared to the HLCs of 142 ions calculated by quantum mechanics. Effects of inter-molecular interaction of the monopoles with polarizability, dipole, H-bonding, and resonance on acidity of the solutes in the gas phase are discussed. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Use of experimentally determined Henry's Law and salting-out constants for ethanol in seawater for determination of the saturation state of ethanol in coastal waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willey, Joan D; Powell, Jacqueline P; Avery, G Brooks; Kieber, Robert J; Mead, Ralph N

    2017-09-01

    The Henry's law constant for ethanol in seawater was experimentally determined to be 221 ± 4 M/atm at 22 °C compared with 247 ± 6 M/atm in pure water. The salting out coefficient for ethanol was 0.13 M(-1). In seawater ln(KH) = -(12.8 ± 0.7) + (5310 ± 197)/T where KH is in M atm(-1) and temperature is in K. This plus the salting out coefficient allow calculation of KH for any estuarine or sea water between 1 and 35 °C. High concentrations of dissolved organic carbon do not affect KH values in fresh or seawater. Nearshore surface waters were usually undersaturated with respect to gas phase ethanol except when air concentrations decreased, whereas surface seawater 40 km from shore was supersaturated. The percent saturation in surface waters is driven primarily by changes in air concentrations because these change quickly (hours) and more extensively than surface water. This study allows calculation of ethanol saturation states from air and surface water concentrations which is a necessary step to define the role of surface oceans in the global biogeochemical cycling of ethanol both now and in the future as use of ethanol biofuel continues to grow. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The Henry Ford Production System: reduction of surgical pathology in-process misidentification defects by bar code-specified work process standardization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarbo, Richard J; Tuthill, J Mark; D'Angelo, Rita; Varney, Ruan; Mahar, Beverly; Neuman, Cheryl; Ormsby, Adrian

    2009-04-01

    Misidentification defects are a potential patient safety issue in medicine, including in the surgical pathology laboratory. In addressing the Joint Commission's national patient safety goal of accurate patient and specimen identification, we focused our lens internally on our own laboratory processes, with measurement tools designed to identify potential misidentification defects and their root causes. Based on this knowledge, aligned with our lean work culture in the Henry Ford Production System, we redesigned our surgical pathology laboratory workflow with simplified connections and pathways reinforced by a bar code technology innovation to specify and standardize work processes. We also adopted just-in-time prestain slide labeling with solvent-impervious, bar-coded slide labels at the microtome station, eliminating the loop-back pathway of poststain, batch slide matching, and labeling with adhesive paper labels. These changes have enabled us to dramatically reduce the overall misidentification case rate by approximately 62% with an approximate 95% reduction in the more common histologic slide misidentification defects while increasing technical throughput at the histology microtomy station by 125%.

  8. Cardinal John Henry Newman and 'the ideal state and purpose of a university': nurse education, research and practice development for the twenty-first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolfe, Gary

    2012-06-01

    Cardinal John Henry Newman's book, The Idea of a University, first published in the mid nineteenth century, is often invoked as the epitome of the liberal Enlightenment University in discussions and debates about the role and purpose of nurse education. In this article I will examine Newman's book in greater detail and with a more critical eye than is generally the case in the writing of nurse academics. In particular, I will focus on the claims that Newman was a champion of the Enlightenment University of the nineteenth century, that he promoted the idea of 'disinterested' universal knowledge for its own sake, that he was an early advocate of the pursuit of knowledge through scientific research, and the supposition that he would have welcomed the discipline of nursing into the University. In each case, I will suggest that these claims are based on an extremely selective reading of Newman's work. I will conclude by employing the example of practice development to propose an alternative way for nursing to find its place in the modern University that does not involve a retreat into what I will argue is an outdated and nostalgic view of the aims and purpose of higher education. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  9. Estudio bibliométrico de la obra de los naturalistas costarricenses Anastasio Alfaro y Henri Pittier en publicaciones periódicas costarricenses entre 1887 y 1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban González Pérez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la productividad de los naturalistas Anastasio Alfaro y Henri Pittier en un período de 59 años de los cuales entre ambos autores publicaron 316 artículos en diversas fuentes costarricenses. A estos artículos se les aplicaron varios indicadores métricos tales como productividad y colaboración de los autores, zonas de Bradford y vida media. Además se analizaron las palabras claves para identificar las áreas en que publicaron mayoritariamente. Se concluye que estos dos autores se mantuvieron muy activos en sus años de investigación, considerados grandes productores según el indice de productividad de Lotka y con una colaboración muy escasa por parte de otros autores en sus publicaciones. Además, que sus aportes a la memoria histórica de Costa Rica, en las ciencias biológicas son de gran importancia.

  10. Importance of the Debye interaction in organic solutions: Henry's law constants for polar liquids in nonpolar solvents and vice versa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rytting, J.H.; McHan, D.R.; Higuchi, T.; Grant, D.J.W.

    1986-08-01

    Henry's law constants have been determined for ..gamma..-butyrolactone (BL), ethyl acetate (EA), and 2-methyl-3-pentanol (MEP) in mixtures of iso-octane (ISO) and toluene (TOL), for BL, EA, TOL, and ISO in cinnamaldehyde (CIN) and for TOL and ISO in each other and in BL. From these data and published vapor pressures, the activity coefficients at infinite dilution and the standard molar Gibbs free energy of transfer, ..delta..G/sub 2/..pi.. of the solutes from dilute solution in ISO to dilute solution in each solvent medium have been calculated. The different behavior patterns of BL and EA are attributed to differences in their abilities to exist in different conformations possessing different dipole moments. For polar solutes, ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ decreases with increasing polarizability of the solvent and with increasing dipole moment of the solute, suggesting increased contributions from dipole-induced dipole (Debye) interactions. The sigmoidal plot of ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ against the change in pair potential energy calculated from the classical expressions suggests that ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ seriously underestimates the strength of the Debye interactions in comparison with the London interactions.

  11. Managing Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Heidi; Vintergaard, Christian

    Logically it seems that companies pursuing different business strategies wouldalso manage their relationships with other firms accordingly. Nevertheless, due tothe lack of research in the field of network strategies, this link still remainsinadequately examined. Based on the well-known framework...... isprovided, that the relation between a company's strategy, structure and processesin fact have a considerable influence on its pattern of network behaviour. Threecase studies from the Danish biotech industry exemplify and illustrate how acompany's strategy is directly correlated with how it manages its...... of organisationalbehaviour developed by Miles and Snow (1978), this paper argues that thepatterns of network behaviour practiced by firms greatly depend on the businesstypology of the company. That is, a company's business typology will to a certaindegree dictate the network identity of the company. In this paper evidence...

  12. Heterodox networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lala, Purnima; Kumar, Ambuj

    2016-01-01

    architecture of ‘Hovering Ad-hoc Network (HANET)’ for the latter will be deployed to assist and manage the overloaded primary base stations enhancing the on-demand coverage and capacity of the entire system. Proposed modes can either operate independently or as a cascaded architecture to form a Heterodox......It is imperative for the service providers to bring innovation in the network design to meet the exponential growth of mobile subscribers for multi-technology future wireless networks. As a matter of research, studies on providing services to moving subscriber groups aka ‘Place Time Capacity (PTC......)’ have not been considered much in the literature. In this article we present Heterodox networks as an innovative and alternate approach to handle the PTC congestion. We describe two different approaches to combat the PTC congestion where the traditional terrestrial infrastructure fails to provide...

  13. Exchange Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Environmental Information Exchange Network (EIEN) is an Internet-based system used by state, tribal and territorial partners to securely share environmental and health information with one another and EPA.

  14. Sentinel Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Sentinel Network is an integrated, electronic, national medical product safety initiative that compiles information about the safe and effective use of medical products accessible to patients and healthcare practitioners.

  15. computer networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. U. Ahmed

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we construct a new dynamic model for the Token Bucket (TB algorithm used in computer networks and use systems approach for its analysis. This model is then augmented by adding a dynamic model for a multiplexor at an access node where the TB exercises a policing function. In the model, traffic policing, multiplexing and network utilization are formally defined. Based on the model, we study such issues as (quality of service QoS, traffic sizing and network dimensioning. Also we propose an algorithm using feedback control to improve QoS and network utilization. Applying MPEG video traces as the input traffic to the model, we verify the usefulness and effectiveness of our model.

  16. Affective Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jodi Dean

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out the idea of affective networks as a constitutive feature of communicative capitalism. It explores the circulation of intensities in contemporary information and communication networks, arguing that this circulation should be theorized in terms of the psychoanalytic notion of the drive. The article includes critical engagements with theorists such as Guy Debord, Jacques Lacan, Tiziana Terranova, and Slavoj Zizek.

  17. Friendship Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Jan K. Brueckner

    2004-01-01

    Building upon a long tradition in sociology, economists have recently turned their attention to the analysis of social networks. The present paper adds to this emerging literature by proposing a different approach to social-network formation. As in the model of Jackson and Wolinsky (1996), formation of a link between two individuals requires two-sided investments in the present framework. But in contrast to their approach, where the required investments are exogenously specified and link form...

  18. Developer Network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-08-21

    NREL's Developer Network, developer.nrel.gov, provides data that users can access to provide data to their own analyses, mobile and web applications. Developers can retrieve the data through a Web services API (application programming interface). The Developer Network handles overhead of serving up web services such as key management, authentication, analytics, reporting, documentation standards, and throttling in a common architecture, while allowing web services and APIs to be maintained and managed independently.

  19. Network Power Fault Detection

    OpenAIRE

    Siviero, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    Network power fault detection. At least one first network device is instructed to temporarily disconnect from a power supply path of a network, and at least one characteristic of the power supply path of the network is measured at a second network device connected to the network while the at least one first network device is temporarily disconnected from the network

  20. Complex Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Evsukoff, Alexandre; González, Marta

    2013-01-01

    In the last decade we have seen the emergence of a new inter-disciplinary field focusing on the understanding of networks which are dynamic, large, open, and have a structure sometimes called random-biased. The field of Complex Networks is helping us better understand many complex phenomena such as the spread of  deseases, protein interactions, social relationships, to name but a few. Studies in Complex Networks are gaining attention due to some major scientific breakthroughs proposed by network scientists helping us understand and model interactions contained in large datasets. In fact, if we could point to one event leading to the widespread use of complex network analysis is the availability of online databases. Theories of Random Graphs from Erdös and Rényi from the late 1950s led us to believe that most networks had random characteristics. The work on large online datasets told us otherwise. Starting with the work of Barabási and Albert as well as Watts and Strogatz in the late 1990s, we now know th...

  1. Sentient networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapline, G.

    1998-03-01

    The engineering problems of constructing autonomous networks of sensors and data processors that can provide alerts for dangerous situations provide a new context for debating the question whether man-made systems can emulate the cognitive capabilities of the mammalian brain. In this paper we consider the question whether a distributed network of sensors and data processors can form ``perceptions`` based on sensory data. Because sensory data can have exponentially many explanations, the use of a central data processor to analyze the outputs from a large ensemble of sensors will in general introduce unacceptable latencies for responding to dangerous situations. A better idea is to use a distributed ``Helmholtz machine`` architecture in which the sensors are connected to a network of simple processors, and the collective state of the network as a whole provides an explanation for the sensory data. In general communication within such a network will require time division multiplexing, which opens the door to the possibility that with certain refinements to the Helmholtz machine architecture it may be possible to build sensor networks that exhibit a form of artificial consciousness.

  2. Network interruptions

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    On Sunday 12 June 2005, a site-wide security software upgrade will be performed on all CERN network equipment. This maintenance operation will cause at least 2 short network interruptions of 2 minutes on each equipment item. There are hundreds of such items across the CERN site (Meyrin, Prévessin and all SPS and LHC pits), and it will thus take the whole day to treat them all. All network users and services will be affected. Central batch computing services will be interrupted during this period, expected to last from 8 a.m. until late evening. Job submission will still be possible but no jobs will actually be run. It is hoped to complete the computer centre upgrades in the morning so that stable access can be restored to lxplus, afs and nice services as soon as possible; this cannot be guaranteed, however. The opportunity will be used to interrupt and perform upgrades on the CERN Document Servers.

  3. Network Survivability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marzo, José L.; Stidsen, Thomas Riis; Ruepp, Sarah Renée

    2010-01-01

    – are vital to modern services such as mobile telephony, online banking and VoIP. This book examines communication networking from a mathematical viewpoint. The contributing authors took part in the European COST action 293 – a four-year program of multidisciplinary research on this subject. In this book...... they offer introductory overviews and state-of-the-art assessments of current and future research in the fields of broadband, optical, wireless and ad hoc networks. Particular topics of interest are design, optimization, robustness and energy consumption. The book will be of interest to graduate students......, researchers and practitioners in the areas of networking, theoretical computer science, operations research, distributed computing and mathematics....

  4. Nuclear networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Wei; Burke, Brian

    2017-07-04

    Nuclear lamins are intermediate filament proteins that represent important structural components of metazoan nuclear envelopes (NEs). By combining proteomics and superresolution microscopy, we recently reported that both A- and B-type nuclear lamins form spatially distinct filament networks at the nuclear periphery of mouse fibroblasts. In particular, A-type lamins exhibit differential association with nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Our studies reveal that the nuclear lamina network in mammalian somatic cells is less ordered and more complex than that of amphibian oocytes, the only other system in which the lamina has been visualized at high resolution. In addition, the NPC component Tpr likely links NPCs to the A-type lamin network, an association that appears to be regulated by C-terminal modification of various A-type lamin isoforms. Many questions remain, however, concerning the structure and assembly of lamin filaments, as well as with their mode of association with other nuclear components such as peripheral chromatin.

  5. Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    the focus of operations management from managing the own organization to continuously developing and managing a network of external and internal resources forming a production system. This perspective may be called managing an “extraprise” rather than an “enterprise.” It should be noted that “an industrial...... network” should not be seen as an organizational form but as a perspective that can be used to enrich one's understanding of organizations. The industrial network perspective has three basic building blocks: actors, resources, and activities. The three building blocks and their relations constitute...

  6. “A garden in the middle of the sea”: Henry James’s The Aspern Papers and Transnational American Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Waller

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Nicole Waller’s study of Henry James’s The Aspern Papers examines how conventional literary studies’ approaches (those that depend on biography and character analysis may tether James’s work to a set of values that reinscribe the hierarchies that his narrative specifically sets adrift. Reviewing various newer paradigms in American Studies—the border, immigrant studies, the Black Atlantic, Native American encounters—Waller relies on a subset of transnational studies, Atlantic studies, to utilize the metaphors of circulation and exchange, of fluidity and drift, of space and dislocation, to argue for a reading of James’s The Aspern Papers as a dislocated response to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s work The House of the Seven Gables. Reading The Aspern Papers closely against Hawthorne’s work, and comparing the European perspectives in both James’s and Hawthorne’s works, Waller suggests that in The Aspern Papers James affords a reading of the transnational experience as a generative gesture, where a Venetian “garden in the middle of the sea” may serve as an abode more fruitful (despite losses and more productive than the fires to which Hawthorne condemns Italian villages in The Marble Faun. Waller’s interest in the fluid spaces between the works of James and Hawthorne is echoed by both transnational American Studies and the essay itself in the unnamed narrator’s instructions to the gondolier: “Go anywhere. . . .”

  7. Deseo, violencia y capital. Los espacios de representación en la consideración del espacio abstracto de Henri Lefebvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Cápona González

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se pretende evidenciar la concepción del espacio abstracto de Henri Lefebvre, que se corresponde a la concepción de su producción en la época del capitalismo. En la lectura que realiza el filósofo francés, el lugar en donde recae la violencia de este tipo de espacio es en los espacios de representación, que es el espacio vivido que se corresponde con la visión poética nietzcheana, el espacio en donde se acoge la vida cotidiana. Esta violencia se ejerce por tanto, contra el deseo pero en favor del capital, contra la potencia común y en favor de la mercancía, cuestión que se manifiesta en el ámbito urbano, tanto en la planificación como en la arquitectura. El proceso de producción de este espacio en tanto abstracto tiene como rasgo esencial la represión, pero que se sustenta en la reificación de los hombres y la vida de las mercancías; en tanto no vivos, los hombres son despojados de su potencia para entrar al espacio como mano de obra funcional y operativa para el capital, negándoles la posibilidad de determinar el proceso de producción espacial, o mejor dicho, manipulando las condiciones de su producción en un sentido negativo, que atenta contra el mismo hombre

  8. Evaluation of the gas stripping technique for calculation of Henry's law constants using the initial slope method for 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, and hexachlorobenzene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhedran, Kerry N; Seth, Rajesh; Drouillard, Ken G

    2013-06-01

    Henry's law constant (HLC) is an important factor used in environmental risk assessment and fate and transport models to describe mass transfer of chemical between water and air. HLCs and structure-property relationships were assessed for 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene (TeCB), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB), and hexachlorobenzene (HCB). HLCs were determined using the volatilization rate (kv) of sparged chemical at 25 °C. Despite the assumption that kv should be constant throughout the stripping duration, results indicated that kv decreased over time according to three separate slope regions. Results of ANCOVA indicate that kv is statistically different in the third slope region, which leads to the conclusion that use of the entire stripping data set would lead to biased HLCs. This decrease in kv may be attributed to desorption from sparger surfaces, which has not been considered widely in the literature. Statistical analysis was possible because of the robustness of the current experimental procedure which included numerous replications (15 total spargers) and extensive data points available to discern key slope changes. HLCs determined using the gas stripping technique were 57, 33, and 30 Pa m(3) mol(-1) for 1,2,4,5-TeCB, PeCB, and HCB, respectively. In comparison to literature values, current TeCB and HCB HLCs were within wide reference ranges spanning approximately an order of magnitude for each chemical. PeCB HLC of the current study was two times lower than the lowest reference data. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Experimental determination of Henry's law constants of difluoromethane (HFC-32 and the salting-out effects in aqueous salt solutions relevant to seawater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kutsuna

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Gas-to-water equilibrium coefficients, KeqS (in M atm−1, of difluoromethane (CH2F2, a hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant (HFC-32, in aqueous salt solutions relevant to seawater were determined over a temperature (T range from 276 to 313 K and a salinity (S range up to 51 ‰ by means of an inert-gas stripping method. From the van't Hoff equation, the KeqS value in water, which corresponds to the Henry's law constant (KH, at 298 K was determined to be 0.065 M atm−1. The salinity dependence of KeqS (the salting-out effect, ln(KH∕KeqS, did not obey the Sechenov equation but was proportional to S0. 5. Overall, the KeqS(T value was expressed by ln(KeqS(T  =  −49.71 + (77.70 − 0.134  ×  S0. 5  ×  (100∕T + 19.14  ×  ln(T∕100. By using this equation in a lower-tropospheric semi-hemisphere (30–90 °S of the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE 12-box model, we estimated that 1 to 4 % of the atmospheric burden of CH2F2 resided in the ocean mixed layer and that this percentage was at least 4 % in the winter; dissolution of CH2F2 in the ocean may partially influence estimates of CH2F2 emissions from long-term observational data of atmospheric CH2F2 concentrations.

  10. High Exercise Capacity Attenuates the Risk of Early Mortality After a First Myocardial Infarction: The Henry Ford Exercise Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaya, Gabriel E; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; Hung, Rupert K; Nasir, Khurram; Blumenthal, Roger S; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Keteyian, Steven J; Brawner, Clinton A; Qureshi, Waqas T; Blaha, Michael J

    2016-02-01

    To examine the effect of objectively measured exercise capacity (EC) on early mortality (EM) after a first myocardial infarction (MI). This retrospective cohort study included 2061 patients without a history of MI (mean age, 62±12 years; 38% [n=790] women; 56% [n=1153] white) who underwent clinical treadmill stress testing in the Henry Ford Health System from January 1, 1991, through May 31, 2009, and suffered MI during follow-up (MI event proportion, 3.4%; mean time from the exercise test to MI, 6.1±4.3 years). Exercise capacity was categorized on the basis of peak metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved: less than 6, 6 to 9, 10 to 11, and 12 or more METs. Early mortality was defined as all-cause mortality within 28, 90, or 365 days of MI. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the effect of EC on the risk of mortality at each time point post-MI adjusting for baseline demographic characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors, medication use, indication for stress testing, and year of MI. The 28-day EM rate was 10.6% overall, and 13.9%, 10.7%, 6.9%, and 6.0% in the less than 6, 6 to 9, 10 to 11, and 12 or more METs categories, respectively (Pmortality across all time points (28 days: odds ratio [OR], 0.92; 95% CI, 0.87-0.98; P=.006; 90 days: OR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.86-0.95; P<.001; 365 days: OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.87-0.94; P<.001). Higher baseline EC was independently associated with a lower risk of early death after a first MI. Copyright © 2016 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Vapour pressures, aqueous solubilities, Henry's Law constants, and octanol/water partition coefficients of a series of mixed halogenated dimethyl bipyrroles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tittlemier, Sheryl A; Braekevelt, Eric; Halldorson, Thor; Reddy, Christopher M; Norstrom, Ross J

    2004-12-01

    Basic physical-chemical properties of five bromine and chlorine containing mixed halogenated dimethyl bipyrroles (HDBPs) were determined using established methods. Subcooled liquid vapour pressures (P(o)(L,25)), aqueous solubilities (S(w,25)), and octanol/water partition coefficients (K(ow)) were determined using the gas chromatography-retention time, generator column, and slow-stirring methods, respectively. Henry's Law constants (H25) were estimated using experimentally-derived P(o)(L) and S(w,25) data. Values of all four properties were generally similar to those reported for other polyhalogenated aromatic compounds [P(o)(L,25) = (7.55-191) x 10(-6) Pa; S(w,25) = (1.0-1.9) x 10(-5) g/l; log K(ow) = 6.4-6.7; H25 = 0.0020-0.14 Pa m3/mol]. The effect of replacing a chlorine with a bromine atom significantly decreased P(o)(L,25) (log P(o)(L,25) = -0.4197 (# bromine atoms) - 2.643, p<0.01) and H25 (log H25 = -0.508 (# bromine atoms) + 0.394, p<0.02). There were no significant effects of bromine/chlorine substitution on S(w,25) or K(ow). A simple Level I equilibrium partitioning model predicted the environmental behaviour of HDBPs to be similar to a tetrabrominated diphenyl ether. Only slight differences in behaviour amongst HDBP congeners were predicted since substitution of a bromine for a chlorine (Cl/Br substitution) atom had less effect than H/Cl or H/Br substitution on P(o)(L,25), S(w,25), H25, and K(ow).

  12. Relation of Exercise Capacity to Risk of Development of Diabetes in Patients on Statin Therapy (the Henry Ford Exercise Testing Project).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaya, Gabriel E; Juraschek, Stephen P; Feldman, David I; Brawner, Clinton A; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Keteyian, Steven J; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H; Blaha, Michael J

    2017-09-01

    High exercise capacity (EC) has been associated with a lower risk of incident diabetes, whereas statin therapy has been associated with a higher risk. We sought to investigate whether the association between EC and diabetes risk is modified by statin therapy. This retrospective cohort study included 47,337 patients without diabetes or coronary artery disease at baseline (age 53 ± 13 years, 48% women, 66% white) who underwent clinical treadmill stress testing within the Henry Ford Health System from January 1, 1991, to May 31, 2009. The patients were stratified by baseline statin use and estimated peak METs achieved during exercise testing. Hazard ratios for incident diabetes were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for demographic characteristics, co-morbidities, pertinent medications, and stress test indication. We observed 6,921 new diabetes cases (14.6%) over a median follow-up period of 5.1 years (interquartile interval of 2.6 to 8.2 years). Compared with the statin group, the no-statin group achieved higher mean METs (8.9 ± 2.7 vs 9.6 ± 3.0, respectively; p <0.001). After adjustment for covariates, a higher EC was associated with a lower risk of incident diabetes, irrespective of statin use (p-interaction = 0.15). Each 1-MET increment was associated with an 8%, 8%, and 6% relative risk reduction in the total cohort, the no-statin, and the statin groups, respectively (95% confidence interval, 0.91 to 0.93, 0.91 to 0.93, and 0.91 to 0.96, respectively; p <0.001 for all). We conclude that a higher EC is associated with a lower risk of incident diabetes regardless of statin use. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Recruitment in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial: the first phase of recruitment at Henry Ford Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamerato, Lois E; Marcus, Pamela M; Jacobsen, Gordon; Johnson, Christine Cole

    2008-04-01

    Recruitment of healthy subjects to long-term randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cancer prevention or early detection has proven to be a difficult task. To quantify recruitment yield as well as characteristics of successfully recruited participants, we examined recruitment outcomes at 1 of the 10 centers participating in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial, a National Cancer Institute-funded RCT of cancer screening modalities. During the early recruitment phase of PLCO (1993-1997), data on recruitment outcome were collected at the Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) in Detroit, Michigan. In this phase, HFHS identified potential participants using patient databases. Records were used to assess recruitment success by age, sex, race, household income (using area-based U.S. Census data), and preexisting morbidity. Logistic regression was used to assess whether enrollment success differed significantly according to these factors. Of 74,139 persons ages 55 to 74 invited by HFHS to participate, 8,250 (11%) ;enrolled. In multivariate analyses, the odds of enrolling were modestly but significantly higher for women, Caucasians, persons in their 60's, and persons living in census blocks with higher median household income. Persons with two or more preexisting morbidities had significantly lower odds of enrolling compared to those with one or no preexisting morbidities. These data suggest that only a small fraction of persons invited to enroll in long-term RCTs of cancer screening modalities actually do so. In this urban, Midwestern setting, certain characteristics including age, race, and income influenced recruitment success, albeit modestly.

  14. Physical fitness and hypertension in a population at risk for cardiovascular disease: the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juraschek, Stephen P; Blaha, Michael J; Whelton, Seamus P; Blumenthal, Roger; Jones, Steven R; Keteyian, Steven J; Schairer, John; Brawner, Clinton A; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2014-12-01

    Increased physical fitness is protective against cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that increased fitness would be inversely associated with hypertension. We examined the association of fitness with prevalent and incident hypertension in 57 284 participants from The Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project (1991–2009). Fitness was measured during a clinician‐referred treadmill stress test. Incident hypertension was defined as a new diagnosis of hypertension on 3 separate consecutive encounters derived from electronic medical records or administrative claims files. Analyses were performed with logistic regression or Cox proportional hazards models and were adjusted for hypertension risk factors. The mean age overall was 53 years, with 49% women and 29% black. Mean peak metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved was 9.2 (SD, 3.0). Fitness was inversely associated with prevalent hypertension even after adjustment (≥12 METs versus <6 METs; OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.67, 0.80). During a median follow‐up period of 4.4 years (interquartile range: 2.2 to 7.7 years), there were 8053 new cases of hypertension (36.4% of 22 109 participants without baseline hypertension). The unadjusted 5‐year cumulative incidences across categories of METs (<6, 6 to 9, 10 to 11, and ≥12) were 49%, 41%, 30%, and 21%. After adjustment, participants achieving ≥12 METs had a 20% lower risk of incident hypertension compared to participants achieving <6 METs (HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.89). This relationship was preserved across strata of age, sex, race, obesity, resting blood pressure, and diabetes. Higher fitness is associated with a lower probability of prevalent and incident hypertension independent of baseline risk factors.

  15. Relation of Risk of Atrial Fibrillation With Systolic Blood Pressure Response During Exercise Stress Testing (from the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing Project).

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neal, Wesley T; Qureshi, Waqas T; Blaha, Michael J; Ehrman, Jonathan K; Brawner, Clinton A; Nasir, Khurram; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H

    2015-12-15

    Decreases in systolic blood pressure during exercise may predispose to arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation (AF) because of underlying abnormal autonomic tone. We examined the association between systolic blood pressure response and incident AF in 57,442 (mean age 54 ± 13 years, 47% women, and 29% black) patients free of baseline AF who underwent exercise treadmill stress testing from the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing project. Exercise systolic blood pressure response was examined as a categorical variable across clinically relevant categories (>20 mm Hg: referent; 1 to 20 mm Hg, and ≤0 mm Hg) and per 1-SD decrease. Cox regression, adjusting for demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, medications, history of coronary heart disease, history of heart failure, and metabolic equivalent of task achieved, was used to compute hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between systolic blood pressure response and incident AF. Over a median follow-up of 5.0 years, a total of 3,381 cases (5.9%) of AF were identified. An increased risk of AF was observed with decreasing systolic blood pressure response (>20 mm Hg: HR 1.0, referent; 1 to 20 mm Hg: HR 1.09, 95% CI 0.99, 1.20; ≤0 mm Hg: HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.40). Similar results were obtained per 1-SD decrease in systolic blood pressure response (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.12). The results were consistent when stratified by age, sex, race, hypertension, and coronary heart disease. In conclusion, our results suggest that a decreased systolic blood pressure response during exercise may identify subjects who are at risk for developing AF. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. On the Echoes of Henry James’s The Reverberator: Reflections on Teaching Argumentative Research Papers in Undergraduate Classes on Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevena Stojanovic

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In this essay, I reflect on the teaching experiment that I did several years ago in my class on transatlantic short stories and novels of the nineteenth century. As instructors of literature in a university setting, we often face the question of how to teach undergraduate students what a researched argument is and how to help them come up with effective thesis statements. The number of students, their different educational backgrounds, skills, and motivations can all be a challenge for instructors who need to make sure that everyone enrolled in the class understands the complex processes of research and argumentative writing before starting the draft. Our major concern, however, is how to keep students fully engaged in the processes of exploration, research, and drafting. Here I share my experience of teaching these processes in two 75-minute sessions. I include the methods of teaching and the homework and in-class prompts assigned to the class. I used the model similar to the one that Ashley M. Walter proposed in her thesis, which consists of discussion, providing students with a frame/stance, and transmediation. To this model, I added a mini-session on the in-class exploration of our library’s databases and brainstorming thesis statements. I chose Henry James’s brief and witty novel The Reverberator (1888 for the purposes of this process, mainly because this text has been neglected in the criticism on James’s late work, and I wanted to see what kinds of arguments my students would come up with to recover it.

  17. Experimental determination of Henry's law constants of difluoromethane (HFC-32) and the salting-out effects in aqueous salt solutions relevant to seawater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutsuna, Shuzo

    2017-06-01

    Gas-to-water equilibrium coefficients, KeqS (in M atm-1), of difluoromethane (CH2F2), a hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant (HFC-32), in aqueous salt solutions relevant to seawater were determined over a temperature (T) range from 276 to 313 K and a salinity (S) range up to 51 ‰ by means of an inert-gas stripping method. From the van't Hoff equation, the KeqS value in water, which corresponds to the Henry's law constant (KH), at 298 K was determined to be 0.065 M atm-1. The salinity dependence of KeqS (the salting-out effect), ln(KH/KeqS), did not obey the Sechenov equation but was proportional to S0. 5. Overall, the KeqS(T) value was expressed by ln(KeqS(T)) = -49.71 + (77.70 - 0.134 × S0. 5) × (100/T) + 19.14 × ln(T/100). By using this equation in a lower-tropospheric semi-hemisphere (30-90 °S) of the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) 12-box model, we estimated that 1 to 4 % of the atmospheric burden of CH2F2 resided in the ocean mixed layer and that this percentage was at least 4 % in the winter; dissolution of CH2F2 in the ocean may partially influence estimates of CH2F2 emissions from long-term observational data of atmospheric CH2F2 concentrations.

  18. As críticas de Henri Bergson e de Maurice Merleau-Ponty aos enfoques materialistas do problema corpo-mente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Saretta Verissimo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apresentamos as críticas de Henri Bergson e de Maurice Merleau-Ponty aos enfoques materialistas do problema corpo-mente. Tais enfoques são intrinsecamente ligados às ambições científicas, inauguradas com a modernidade, de totalizar os fenômenos que nos circundam e de unificar a diversidade do mundo através de um único padrão explicativo. Bergson, em uma espécie de fenomenologia do ato perceptivo, buscou suplantar as teses materialistas da relação entre mente e cérebro. Atendo-se ao paralelismo psicofisiológico, mostrou que a percepção atende às necessidades do ser vivo. Além disso, abordou a relação entre memória e cérebro, combatendo a ideia de que as recordações possuam uma tal natureza que permita que elas sejam armazenadas na massa cerebral. Já Merleau-Ponty, n’A Estrutura do Comportamento, após realizar a crítica das concepções clássicas do funcionamento nervoso e depois de se apropriar dos resultados de pesquisas que apresentam o cérebro enquanto entidade coordenadora da estrutura do comportamento, apresenta uma visão do funcionamento nervoso apoiada no primado do mundo percebido a partir da noção de forma. Discutimos, ainda, as heranças filosóficas legadas por Bergson a Merleau-Ponty e algumas críticas deste à obra do seu antecessor.

  19. Nepal Networking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    that their personal networks engage not only their families, but also their home communities and by extension Nepal. The two women constitute weak links between their country and other countries and as such they function as bridges or channels for transmission of practices, ideas, knowledge, and artefacts. However...

  20. Network Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Lars; Tække, Jesper

    2018-01-01

    the five strands of theory on the network society. Each theoretical position has its specific implications for acting toward strategic goals. In its entirety, the five perspectives give a thorough understanding of the conditions for successful strategic communication in the 21st century....