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Sample records for networks certification embeddedness

  1. Organizational Culture and Network Embeddedness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noorderhaven, N.G.; Koen, C.I.; Beugelsdijk, S.

    2002-01-01

    A question that has been neglected in network research is where differences in network embeddedness come from.The network literature reveals that there are three key characteristics of embedded relationships: trust, open communication, and joint problem solving.On the basis of the sparse empirical

  2. The Complexity of the Business Network Context and Its Effect on Subsidiary Relational (Over-) Embeddedness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nell, Phillip Christopher; Andersson, Ulf

    2012-01-01

    Many studies have focused on the effects of MNC subsidiaries’ external relational embeddedness. Little attention has been given to its antecedents and especially to the potential effect that the business network context might have. We try to fill this gap and attempt to explain variation among...... subsidiaries’ degree of relational embeddedness. Our results show a strong and robust effect of the business network context – i.e. the network context in which the direct business relationships between the subsidiary and its partners are embedded – on the degree of relational embeddedness. However, contrary...

  3. The Complexity of the Business Network Context and Its Effect on Subsidiary Relational (Over-) Embeddedness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nell, Phillip Christopher; Andersson, Ulf

    Many studies have focused on the effects of MNC subsidiaries’ external relational embeddedness. Little attention has been given to its antecedents and especially to the potential effect that the business network context might have. We try to fill this gap and attempt to explain variation among...... subsidiaries’ degree of relational embeddedness. Our results show a strong and robust effect of the business network context -- i.e. the network context in which the direct business relationships between the subsidiary and its partners are embedded -- on the degree of relational embeddedness. However, contrary...

  4. EFFECT OF NETWORK EMBEDDEDNESS ON BRAND-RELATED BEHAVIOR INTENTIONS: MEDIATING EFFECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OWNERSHIP

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jing-Yu Zhang; Ming Nie; Bing-Sheng Yan; Xing-Dong Wang

    2014-01-01

      Based on social exchange theory, we examined the relationship between network embeddedness and the brand-related behavior intentions of community members from the perspective of psychological ownership...

  5. Location, Location, Location: How Network Embeddedness Affects Project Success in Open Source Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Rajdeep Grewal; Gary L. Lilien; Girish Mallapragada

    2006-01-01

    The community-based model for software development in open source environments is becoming a viable alternative to traditional firm-based models. To better understand the workings of open source environments, we examine the effects of network embeddedness--or the nature of the relationship among projects and developers--on the success of open source projects. We find that considerable heterogeneity exists in the network embeddedness of open source projects and project managers. We use a visua...

  6. Making connections: global production networks, standards, and embeddedness in the mobile-telecommunications industry

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Hess; Coe, Neil M.

    2006-01-01

    The authors investigate the contemporary restructuring of the mobile-telecommunications industry with the use of a global production networks (GPNs) perspective. After a brief conceptual discussion of GPN, standard setting and embeddedness, their analysis proceeds in four further stages. First, they consider how technological change has driven the development of complex mobile telecommunications GPNs in a sector previously characterised by relatively linear and simple value chains. Second, th...

  7. The Impact of Network Embeddedness on Student Persistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwolak, Justyna; Brewe, Eric; Inspire Team

    Society is constantly in flux, which demands the continuous development of our educational system to meet new challenges and impart the appropriate knowledge/skills to students. In particular, in order to improve student learning (among other things), the way we are teaching has significantly changed over the past few decades. We are moving away from traditional, lecture-based teaching towards a more interactive approach using, e.g., clicker questions, modeling instruction (MI), and other engagement strategies. A current, major challenge for universities is to increase student retention. I am examining the use of network analysis to investigate academic and social experiences of students in and beyond the classroom. There is a compelling case that transformed physics classes, such as ones that use MI, promote persistence by the creation of learning communities that support the integration of students into the university. I will discuss recent results connecting the MI approach to network structures in the students' interactions and how students' position impacts persistence in taking a subsequent MI vs. traditional lecture-based course.

  8. The Embeddedness of Teachers' Social Networks: Evidence from a Study of Mathematics Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coburn, Cynthia E.; Mata, Willow S.; Choi, Linda

    2013-01-01

    Teachers' social networks can play an important role in teacher learning and organizational change. But what influences teachers' networks? Why do some teachers have networks that are likely to support individual and organizational change, while others do not? This study is a first step in answering this question. We focus on how district policy…

  9. Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Nabeel; Léo-Paul, Dana

    2015-01-01

    Through participatory observation and in-depth interviews with members of the Memon community, in Pakistan, this paper probes into how the collective efforts of a regional network can facilitate entrepreneurship, social enterprises and regional development. The setting is a developing country that is lacking a large-scale entrepreneurial culture. Despite caste differences, Memons throughout the Karachi region meet and share experiences with other Memon members of their network – including Mem...

  10. Tie Strength, Embeddedness, and Social Influence: A Large-Scale Networked Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Walker, Dylan; Aral, Sinan Kayhan

    2012-01-01

    We leverage the newly emerging business analytical capability to rapidly deploy and iterate large-scale, microlevel, in vivo randomized experiments to understand how social influence in networks impacts consumer demand. Understanding peer influence is critical to estimating product demand and diffusion, creating effective viral marketing, and designing “network interventions” to promote positive social change. But several statistical challenges make it difficult to econometrically identify pe...

  11. Social embeddedness and late-life parenthood: Community activity, close ties, and support networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wenger, G.C.; Dykstra, P.A.; Melkas, T.; Knipscheer, C.P.M.

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on the ways in which patterns of marriage and fertility shape older people's involvement in community groups and their support networks. The data are from Australia, Finland, Germany, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Findings show

  12. Social Embeddedness and Late-Life Parenthood : Community Activity, Close Ties, and Support Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wenger, G. Clare; Dykstra, Pearl A.; Melkas, Tuula; Knipscheer, Kees C.P.M.

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on the ways in which patterns of marriage and fertility shape older people’s involvement in community groups and their support networks. The data are from Australia, Finland, Germany, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Findings show

  13. Social embeddedness and late-life parenthood: community activity, close ties and support networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wenger, G.; Dykstra, P.A.; Melkas, T.; Knipscheer, K.

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on the ways in which patterns of marriage and fertility shape older people’s involvement in community groups and their support networks. The data are from Australia, Finland, Germany, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Findings show

  14. Social Embeddedness and Late-Life Parenthood: Community Activity, Close Ties, and Support Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenger, G. Clare; Dykstra, Pearl A.; Melkas, Tuula; Knipscheer, Kees C. P. M.

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on the ways in which patterns of marriage and fertility shape older people's involvement in community groups and their support networks. The data are from Australia, Finland, Germany, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Findings show that childless older adults, regardless of…

  15. New Created Enterprise Value Network Embeddedness, Strategic Positioning and Enterprise Growth Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Huabai BU

    2013-01-01

    The study found that: the new created enterprise value network structure embedding and relationships embedded have significant direct impact on entrepreneurial performance, but the impact mechanisms is different; the one of mediating variables of the structure embedded and the entrepreneurial performance is Relations embedded. Strategic positioning and structure embedded in the impact of entrepreneurial performance have significant interaction effects, the interaction effect of strategic posi...

  16. Place branding, embeddedness and endogenous rural development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Donner, Mechthild; Horlings, Lummina; Fort, Fatiha; Vellema, Sietze

    2017-01-01

    This article deals with place branding on the regional scale, in the rural context of food and tourism networks in Europe. Place branding is linked to the concepts of endogenous rural development, territory and embeddedness, by analysing how the valorisation of specific rural assets takes shape.

  17. The Problem of Embeddedness Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    Embeddedness has been touted as a framework for knowledge exchange and innovation, and thus as an important precondition for high-level performance. Embeddedness of economic action in social relations improves access to resources, but over-embeddedness impedes performance. However, until now...... the association between embeddedness and economic performance in different markets, finding a positive association in the domestic market, but a negative association in foreign markets. This divergence in performance is caused in part by selection bias in the access to foreign markets, and in part by accumulation...

  18. The Problem of Embeddedness Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    Embeddedness has been touted as a framework for knowledge exchange and innovation, and thus as an important precondition for high-level performance. Embeddedness of economic action in social relations improves access to resources, but over-embeddedness impedes performance. However, until now...... the association between embeddedness and economic performance in different markets, finding a positive association in the domestic market, but a negative association in foreign markets. This divergence in performance is caused in part by selection bias in the access to foreign markets, and in part by accumulation...

  19. Mixed embeddedness and rural entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferguson, Richard; Gaddefors, Johan; Korsgaard, Steffen

    Entrepreneurship is a key driver of development in rural areas. Some studies have shown that in-migrants and returnees are overrepresented among rural entrepreneurs, and that their entrepreneurship might be more important for local development than the efforts of local entrepreneurs, at least...... in terms of economic value creation. Other studies have shown that local embeddedness is a significant source of opportunities for rural entrepreneurs, yet at the same time, over-embeddedness can inhibit entrepreneurial activities. These contrasting studies suggest that some form of mixed embeddedness...

  20. Place branding, embeddedness and endogenous rural development : Four European cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Donner, Mechthild; Horlings, Lummina; Fort, Fatiha; Vellema, Sietze

    2017-01-01

    This article deals with place branding on the regional scale, in the rural context of food and tourism networks in Europe. Place branding is linked to the concepts of endogenous rural development, territory and embeddedness, by analysing how the valorisation of specific rural assets takes shape. The

  1. Structural embeddedness and intergroup conflict

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Takacs, K

    2001-01-01

    Social structure affects the likelihood of group conflicts, although it has been disregarded by previous explanations. This study extends the intergroup public goods game model and integrates the influence of structural embeddedness and social incentives in the analysis of harmful group conflict.

  2. Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness

    OpenAIRE

    Granovetter, M.

    1985-01-01

    Metadata only record The origin of the concept of "embeddedness", this article has been highly influential in guiding how social scientists conceptualize the interplay between markets and social relations. Rejecting the extremes of an "under" and "over" socialized approach, the article casts the market as "embedded in a network of social relations that do not determine, but certainly influence how individuals behave." This model is explored in the context of malfeasance and the problem of ...

  3. An overview of job embeddedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reitz, O Ed; Anderson, Mary Ann

    2011-01-01

    Nursing turnover in health care organizations is a considerable problem that needs to be reframed within the context of "nurse retention" and "job embeddedness" (JE). A construct from the business literature, JE has been associated with "retention" or "antiwithdrawal." Conversely, turnover encompasses the process of quitting. This distinction is significant. JE represents a mediating construct between various "on-the-job" (organizational) factors, "off-the-job" (community) factors, and employee retention. This article presents an overview of JE including the dimensions, the related concepts of turnover and retention, and associated research. JE may be used to develop specific nurse-retention strategies following careful organizational and community assessment. With the current and looming nursing shortage, perhaps it is time for health care institutions to consider the adaptation of JE tenets. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Certificate Based Security Services in Adhoc Sensor Network

    OpenAIRE

    Shahin Fatima; Shish Ahmad; P. M. Khan

    2014-01-01

    The paper entitled “CERTIFICATE BASED SECURITY SERVICES IN ADHOC SENSOR NETWORK” proposed an approach in which the aim is to find the method for authentication which is more energy efficient and reduces the transmission time of the network. MANETs are of dynamic topology and have no predefined infrastructure. Due to its dynamic topology this network is prone to various kinds of vulnerable attacks. Sensor networks are battery operated and is a major concern. Methods on ID based Authentication ...

  5. PENGARUH JOB EMBEDDEDNESS TERHADAP KEPUASAN PELANGGAN

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Deafridhininetri

    2015-01-01

    Using a new construct, Job Embeddedness (JE), from the business management literature, this study examines the effects of JE on Job Performace (JP) and Costumer Satisfaction (CS) at PT. Bayer Indonesia. Samples from the company at PT Bayer Indonesia were collected by mailing a questionnaire survey to those who agreed to participate.The results of this study indicate that the following variables have a significant impact on Job Embeddedness Fit, Links, Sacrifice, Job Performance...

  6. TURNOVER AND JOB EMBEDDEDNESS IN TIJUANA MEXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Blanca Rosa García Rivera; Peter W Hom; Ignacio Alejandro Mendoza Martínez; Sonia Elizabeth Maldonado Radillo; Concepción Ramírez Barón

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the relationship between family and community links and future intentions to quit from employees at the export processing zone (EPZ) in Tijuana, Mexico. With survey data gathered in an organization belonging to a Tijuana EPZ, we applied the theory of embededdness to identify the causes behind turnover. A questionnaire with 125 items using a 4-points Likert scale was developed to assess job embeddedness, family embeddedness, satisfaction with benefits, and affective co...

  7. The Role of Embeddedness for Resource Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laud, Gaurangi; Karpen, Ingo O.; Muyle, Rajendra

    2015-01-01

    resource integration processes and outcomes. However, the concept of an actor’s embeddedness is rarely discussed in association with service-dominant (S-D) logic. This limits the extant understanding of factors that influence resource exchange and value cocreation among individual actors in service...... ecosystems. Against this background, this article links S-D logic with social capital theory to establish and conceptualize embeddedness as a key concept........

  8. How “Space” and “Place” Influence Subsidiary Host Country Political Embeddedness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klopf, Patricia; Nell, Phillip Christopher

    2017-01-01

    As a part of multinational corporations (MNCs), subsidiaries operate in distinct host countries and have to deal with their external context. Host country political embeddedness, in particular, helps subsidiaries to obtain knowledge and understanding of the regulatory and political context, and t......: the impact of distance is stronger for subsidiaries that operate in host countries with low governance quality and low political stability in place.......As a part of multinational corporations (MNCs), subsidiaries operate in distinct host countries and have to deal with their external context. Host country political embeddedness, in particular, helps subsidiaries to obtain knowledge and understanding of the regulatory and political context......, and to get access to local networks. Moreover, they get some guidance and support from their headquarters. Distance between MNC home and host countries, however, alienates subsidiaries from the MNC and influences the extent of subsidiary host country political embeddedness. We suggest that the host country...

  9. Dual Embeddedness: Informal Job Matching and Labor Market Institutions in the United States and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Steve; Benton, Richard A.; Warner, David F.

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on the embeddedness, varieties of capitalism and macrosociological life course perspectives, we examine how institutional arrangements affect network-based job finding behaviors in the United States and Germany. Analysis of cross-national survey data reveals that informal job matching is highly clustered among specific types of individuals…

  10. GPON networks certification, standard ITU G.984.x

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edison Quisnancela

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the methodology to certify a FTTH GPON network, in order to minimize the errors that tend to show up during the execution of this process within an optical network. The work is based on national and international technical standards, ensuring optimal performance of the network. Empirical methods are used in the field through processes characterization, measurement and analysis of results, which will identify the factors allowing that measurements are within the range set with the use of tools and equipment properly configured and updated. The need for an effective regulation is established in the certification of a FTTH GPON network to bring maximum benefits for companies providing service in the country and meeting the demand for bandwidth of the end customer, ensuring the application of new technologies helping to optimize the use of convergence oriented service, the implementation of Next Generation Networks and towards infrastructure investment in strategic sectors.

  11. Conceptualizing the Limiting Issues Inhibiting Sustainability Embeddedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine le Roux

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available There can be little doubt that sustainability has become one of the most important issues in business in recent years. In spite of sustainability’s importance, there is agreement amongst leaders and practitioners that sustainability is not as embedded as desired. This study reports a framework on inhibitors that limit sustainability embeddedness in organizations. The framework can assist management to address the non-achievement antecedents of embeddedness specifically and holistically. This study obtained empirical data from employees on all management levels in a stock exchange-listed company. Through in-depth analysis in a case organization, valuable insights about embeddedness were inductively identified, interpreted and presented using descriptive labels, namely: “Professing What Is Right”; “Green Distraction”; the belief of “Not My Job”; “Firefighter”; the “Past Performance Anchor”; “Strategy Discourse” and “Harmony”—a mediator to sustainability embeddedness. All these were also found to be altered by the transformation of culture and the communication of the strategy message by sustainable leadership—the moderator. The findings were also corroborated by related and supporting literature as part of our contribution and pursuit for better understanding of this phenomenon.

  12. Job embeddedness as a nurse retention strategy for rural hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroth, Chandra

    2010-01-01

    RN turnover is expensive and disruptive for rural hospitals, constraining finances, impacting patient care, and stressing remaining nurses. Recent investigations have described a promising new construct related to employee retention: job embeddedness. Leaders in nonhealthcare organizations have adopted a job-embeddedness model to guide retention strategies and experienced a subsequent reduction in turnover. The author explores job embeddedness as an effective retention plan strategy for rural hospitals.

  13. Using Job Embeddedness to Explain New Teacher Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Jennifer Moradian; Olson-Buchanan, Julie

    2016-01-01

    The high turnover rates among teachers, particularly novice teachers, is a significant problem in the field of education. This study examines the relationship between teacher turnover and a construct found in organizational literature--job embeddedness. Job embeddedness is the extent to which an employee connects socially and emotionally to their…

  14. Social embeddedness and economic opportunism: a game situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakalaki, Maria; Fousiani, Kyriaki

    2012-06-01

    According to Evolutionary Game Theory, multiple exchanges with partners are necessary to foster cooperation. Multiple exchanges with partners tend to enhance the good experience of the partners and the predictability of their behaviour and should therefore increase cooperativeness. This study explored whether social embeddedness, or the preference for close and stable social relationships, a variable which tends to increase multiple exchanges, is associated with more cooperative attitudes; and whether social embeddedness increases cooperative behavior towards unknown partners in a game situation. The first study, with 169 undergraduates, indicated that social embeddedness (preference for close and durable social relations) was negatively associated with opportunistic attitudes. The second study had a sample of 60 undergraduates playing a Trust Game with unknown partners and showed that self-reported social embeddedness was positively correlated with scores for cooperative economic behavior towards the partners. These results highlight the relationships of social embeddedness with cooperative attitudes and behaviour.

  15. Navigating Sustainability Embeddedness in Management Decision-Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Le Roux

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability is an essential theme for business. In order to compete, strategies need to be improvised and efficient and effective decisions need to be made for improved sustainability performance. Despite management’s apparent knowledge of this, it appears that challenges persist with sustainability’s embeddedness in decision-making and its implementation in practice. In this study we propose a metaphor applying an integrative view of sustainability as support for management. We offer six antecedents of sustainability embeddedness in decision-making that contribute to building and confirming theory, and also provide a better understanding of current practice around sustainability embeddedness so that strategies can be developed for improved sustainability performance. Employees on all management levels in a stock exchange listed company provided rich empirical data for the study. Through the analysis of data in a case study, antecedents were inductively identified, conceptualized, and presented as using descriptive labels, namely: A True North Destination—a vision of sustainability embeddedness; Mountains—three obstacles; Fog—confusion and complexity; Myopia—shortsightedness; Navigation Necessities—requirements for the journey; and finally, the Chosen Team—selected stakeholders. Sustainability embeddedness was found to be dependent on leadership, the strategy message and structures, performance measures, and policies that support a unified culture for sustainability embeddedness.

  16. Social embeddedness in an online weight management programme is linked to greater weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncela-Casasnovas, Julia; Spring, Bonnie; McClary, Daniel; Moller, Arlen C; Mukogo, Rufaro; Pellegrini, Christine A; Coons, Michael J; Davidson, Miriam; Mukherjee, Satyam; Nunes Amaral, Luis A

    2015-03-06

    The obesity epidemic is heightening chronic disease risk globally. Online weight management (OWM) communities could potentially promote weight loss among large numbers of people at low cost. Because little is known about the impact of these online communities, we examined the relationship between individual and social network variables, and weight loss in a large, international OWM programme. We studied the online activity and weight change of 22,419 members of an OWM system during a six-month period, focusing especially on the 2033 members with at least one friend within the community. Using Heckman's sample-selection procedure to account for potential selection bias and data censoring, we found that initial body mass index, adherence to self-monitoring and social networking were significantly correlated with weight loss. Remarkably, greater embeddedness in the network was the variable with the highest statistical significance in our model for weight loss. Average per cent weight loss at six months increased in a graded manner from 4.1% for non-networked members, to 5.2% for those with a few (two to nine) friends, to 6.8% for those connected to the giant component of the network, to 8.3% for those with high social embeddedness. Social networking within an OWM community, and particularly when highly embedded, may offer a potent, scalable way to curb the obesity epidemic and other disorders that could benefit from behavioural changes. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  17. CompTIA Network+ Certification Study Guide, Exam N10-004

    CERN Document Server

    Shimonski, Robert

    2009-01-01

    CompTIA's Network+ certification is a globally-recognized, vendor neutral exam that has helped over 235,000 IT professionals reach further and higher in their careers. The 2009 Network+ exam (N10-004) is a major update with more focus on security and wireless aspects of networking. Our new study guide has been updated accordingly with focus on network, systems, and WAN security and complete coverage of today's wireless networking standards. As always this companion covers the core Network+ material including basic design principles, management and operation of a network infrastructure, and tes

  18. Factors Impacting Adult Learner Achievement in a Technology Certificate Program on Computer Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delialioglu, Omer; Cakir, Hasan; Bichelmeyer, Barbara A.; Dennis, Alan R.; Duffy, Thomas M.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the factors impacting the achievement of adult learners in a technology certificate program on computer networks. We studied 2442 participants in 256 institutions. The participants were older than age 18 and were enrolled in the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) technology training program as "non-degree" or…

  19. How Negative Affectivity Moderates the Relationship between Shocks, Embeddedness and Worker Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtom, Brooks C.; Burton, James P.; Crossley, Craig D.

    2012-01-01

    We integrated the unfolding model of turnover, job embeddedness theory and affective events theory to build and test a model specifying the relationship between negative shocks, on-the-job embeddedness and important employee behaviors. The results showed that embeddedness mediates the relationship between negative shocks and job search behaviors…

  20. Embeddedness Creates Opportunities for Enhanced Library Liaison Services and Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hayman

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: O’Toole, E., Barham, R., & Monahan, J. (2016. The impact of physically embedded librarianship on academic departments. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 16(3, 529-556. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/pla.2016.0032 Objective – To examine whether liaison librarian interactions increase when librarians are physically embedded in their liaison areas. Design – Natural experiment using quantitative measures. Setting – A large, public university in the United States of America. Subjects – Liaison librarian reference interactions. Methods – This research is organized around four primary research questions that examine the effect of liaison librarian physical, co-located embeddedness on the following: 1 the frequency of walk-up reference transactions of the embedded location versus the service desk; 2 the frequency of reference and instructional transactions with liaison areas after the implementation of embedded services; 3 the frequency of walk-up transactions at embedded sites compared to the number of reference and instructional transactions after embeddedness began; and 4 liaison librarian participation in new collaborative or integrative activities with their liaison areas. Researchers used data collected between Fall 2012 and Spring 2014 and compared this to data collected in the pre-embedded period for Fall 2010 to Fall 2011. Data sources included the library’s locally developed reference services statistics tracking tool, individual librarians’ calendar appointment records, and librarian performance agreements. The analysis uses descriptive statistics. Main Results – Researchers discovered a decrease in the frequency of liaison librarians’ walk-up reference transactions at the service desk, as tracked by transactions per hour, occurring before the transition, during the transition, and after the transition to embedded librarianship. They note a decrease of 45% in the number of walk-up interactions at service points

  1. Mechanisms of security based on digital certificates applied in a telemedicine network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivas, T; Zambrano, A; Huerta, M

    2008-01-01

    The medical patient's information is private and extremely sensitive. This information has to be stored and transmitted carefully because it can be exposed to a series of threats and it is necessary to be protected. This research contemplates the security mechanisms based on digital certificates applied to a pilot telemedicine network, that guarantees the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the medical information of the patients for the hospitable centers involved. The prototype telemedicine network will interconnect hospitals in the municipalities of Baruta and Hatillo Miranda State, in Venezuela by Internet, to provide and support a health care system in inaccessible areas, and the transmission of patient's biomedical signals and the health education to people through secure mechanisms such as digital certificates.

  2. Networks of dissipative systems compositional certification of stability, performance, and safety

    CERN Document Server

    Arcak, Murat; Packard, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    This book addresses a major problem for today’s large-scale networked systems: certification of the required stability and performance properties using analytical and computational models. On the basis of illustrative case studies, it demonstrates the applicability of theoretical methods to biological networks, vehicle fleets, and Internet congestion control. Rather than tackle the network as a whole —an approach that severely limits the ability of existing methods to cope with large numbers of physical components— the book develops a compositional approach that derives network-level guarantees from key structural properties of the components and their interactions. The foundational tool in this approach is the established dissipativity theory, which is reviewed in the first chapter and supplemented with modern computational techniques. The book blends this theory with the authors’ recent research efforts at a level that is accessible to graduate students and practising engineers familiar with only th...

  3. Laissez-Faire Multiculturalism and Relational Embeddedness: Ethnic Precincts in Auckland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Spoonley

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The rapid diversification of immigration to New Zealand post-1987 has made Auckland, as the nation’s key gateway city, both culturally and demographically superdiverse, and the location of considerable immigrant business development. We focus here on the development of ethnic precincts as the manifestation of this transformation of the cityscape. The neo-liberalism of the 1980s continues to prevail in the unwillingness of central and local government to recognise the ethnic/immigrant nature of such developments and there has been little in terms of either policy or resourcing to support or brand these precincts. As a consequence of this laissez-faire attitude, immigrants’ relational embeddedness tends to be privileged and ethnic-specific networks dictate the nature and location of ethnic precincts within a policy environment that stresses the importance of market processes and encourages small business development.

  4. A survey and taxonomy of distributed certificate authorities in mobile ad hoc networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jabbehdari Sam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Certificate authorities (CAs are the main components of PKI that enable us for providing basic security services in wired networks and Internet. But, we cannot use centralized CAs, in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs. So, many efforts have been made to adapt CA to the special characteristics of MANETs and new concepts such as distributed CAs (DCAs have been proposed that distribute the functionality of CA between MANET nodes. In this article, we study various proposed DCA schemes for MANET and then classify these schemes according to their internal structures and techniques. Finally, we propose the characteristics of an ideal DCA system that can be used to verify the completeness of any DCA scheme. This classification and taxonomy identify the weakness and constraints of each scheme, and are very important for designing more secure, scalable, and high performance DCA systems for MANETs and other networks.

  5. The effects of social embeddedness on job performance of tenured and non-tenured profesionals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Emmerik, Hetty; Sanders, Karin

    2004-01-01

    This study examines how different employment relationships in academic settings, ie tenured versus non-tenured appointments, are associated with different types of job performance efforts. The social embeddedness model contends that employees' efforts to perform well depend on embeddedness in the

  6. Economic activity in agriculture in the perspective of embeddedness theory: The case of Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudek Michał

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the concept of embeddedness of economic activity in relation to agriculture. In this perspective, economic activity can be considered dependent on cognitive structures, structures of social relations, culture, and political institutions. It has been concluded that the idea of embeddedness can be an interesting and useful analytical tool for the analysis of economic activity undertaken by farmers. The article presents an analysis of the state of the art, as well uses selected information and data on the methodology of panel surveys carried out by the Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute. Based on the analysis of the embeddedness theory, it is argued that embeddedness is not a coherent theoretical concept but rather a potential framework for investigating various economic issues. One of these issues is agricultural activity. Embeddedness framework constitutes a scheme which could organize an alternative approach to economic actions to mainstream agriculture economics.

  7. Job embeddedness factors as a predictor of turnover intention among infection control nurses in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jeong Sil; Kim, Kyung Mi

    2015-11-01

    Job embeddedness indicates the degree to which an employee of an organization intends to remain in his or her position at that organization. This study examined how job embeddedness affects infection control nurses' turnover intention along with general characteristics, job satisfaction, and perceived job alternatives. We collected data from a total of 133 infection control nurses using self-reporting questionnaire methods. All questions were answered on a 5-point Likert scale. The average turnover intention was 3.01 ± 0.72 (100-point conversion, 60.2%), and average job satisfaction was 3.48 ± 0.79 (100-point conversion, 69.6%). The average perceived availability of job alternatives was 3.02 ± 0.78 (100-point conversion, 60.4%), and average job embeddedness was 3.33 ± 0.57 (100-point conversion, 66.6%). Predictors of turnover intention were monthly income, perceived availability of job alternatives, and job embeddedness. Job embeddedness among predictors has high explanatory power as a predictor of infection control nurses' turnover intention. Through this study we identified predictors of turnover intention and found that job embeddedness among predictors has high explanatory power as a predictor of infection control nurses' turnover intention. Strategies to enhance infection control nurses' job embeddedness are needed. Copyright © 2015 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Nigerian entrepreneurs in Istanbul, Turkey: spatial and temporal dimensions of mixed embeddedness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baird, T.E.

    2015-01-01

    IMI Working Paper Series. International Migration Institute (IMI), University of Oxford. Available online at: http://www.imi.ox.ac.uk/publications/nigerian-entrepreneurs-in-istanbul-turkey-spatial-and-temporal-dimensions-of-mixed-embeddedness

  9. THE EFFECT OF JOB EMBEDDEDNESS ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR: The Mediating Role of Sense of Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonifacius Riwi Wijayanto

    2004-09-01

    Nurses (N = 170 and their immediate supervisors ( N = 41 from five privately owned hospital in Jogjakarta participated in this study. Of 340 questionnaires distributed to the respondents, 339 were returned yielding a response rate of 99 percent. Of those returned, 300 questionnaires were available for further analyses. Nurses were asked to respond to a questionnaire of 40 items concerning perception of embeddedness and 4 item concerning sense of responsibility to their employing organization. Nurses’ citizenship behavior were measured using 12 items as rated by their immediate supervisors. The results support the hypothesis that job embeddedness correlates positively with OCB. However, our result failed to support the prediction of the mediating effect of employees’ sense of responsibility in causal relationship between job embeddedness and OCB. The implications of the findings for further research on relationship between job embeddedness and OCB research are discussed.

  10. Alcatel-Lucent Network Routing Specialist II (NRS II) Self-Study Guide Preparing for the NRS II Certification Exams

    CERN Document Server

    Warnock, Glenn

    2011-01-01

    The definitive resource for the NRS II exams—three complete courses in a book Alcatel-Lucent is a world leader in designing and developing scalable systems for service providers. If you are a network designer or operator who uses Alcatel-Lucent's 7750 family of service routers, prepare for certification as an A-L network routing specialist with this complete self-study course. You'll get thorough preparation for the NRS II exams while you learn to build state-of-the-art, scalable IP/MPLS-based service networks. The book provides you with an in-depth understanding of the protocols and tec

  11. Local embeddedness in community energy projects. A social entrepreneurship perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Vancea

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available An increasing number of community energy projects have emerged recently, reflecting diverse sociotechnical configurations in the energy sector. This article is based on an empirical study examining different types of community energy projects such as energy cooperatives, public service utilities and other entrepreneurially oriented initiatives across the European Union. Based on an in-depth analysis of three case studies, the article aims to introduce a social entrepreneurship perspective when discussing the relationship between local embeddedness and different forms of organisation and ownership in community energy. The results indicate that community energy projects can expand beyond the local scale without losing their collective and democratic form of functioning and ownership. Moreover, social movements can act as catalysts for this expansion beyond the local, in a quest for wider social transformation. Social entrepreneurship may provide a suitable analytical lens to avoid the ‘local trap’ when examining different forms of organisation and ownership in renewable energy, and further explore the question of scaling.

  12. No certificate, no chocolate

    CERN Document Server

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    Are you already ready to use “certificates” to log into CERN or to connect to the global “eduroam” wireless network? No, I am not talking about your birth certificate, medical certificates or academic certificates. I am referring to “certificates” used for authentication where you would usually use a password.   These digital certificates are a valid alternative to cumbersome passwords. Like the aforementioned personal certificates, a digital certificate is an official document that proves who you are or your qualifications. Your personal digital CERN certificate is tied to your digital identity at CERN. In that respect, a digital certificate is like a password. It is a credential that you must not share with anybody else! With your digital certificate, I can impersonate you and take over your mailbox, your web sessions and more… Digital certificates bind your digital identity to a public/private-key infrastructu...

  13. The Role of Identity and Embeddedness in the Emergence of a Knowledge Cluster in Lithuania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gelbuda, Modestas; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2005-01-01

    This paper studies the emergence of a knowledge intensive cluster in Vilnius, Lithuania. It presents the first empirical findings of a longitudinal case study on how a group of Lithuanian universities and companies, in a close cooperation with the Vilnius City council, progressed in their attempt...... to build the first knowledge cluster Lithuania. For a theoretical framework, we draw on a social practice perspective and the concept of embeddedness borrowed from economic sociology. The social practice perspective suggests that for a new reality, such as knowledge cluster, to emerge the key actors...... to show how individual and institutional identities are manifested through different forms of embeddedness. Thus, in a complimentary manner, the embeddedness view suggests that cluster creation requires that the key research institutions and economic actors simultaneously engage in two parallel processes...

  14. Job embeddedness: a theoretical foundation for developing a comprehensive nurse retention plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtom, Brooks C; O'Neill, Bonnie S

    2004-05-01

    Using a new construct, job embeddedness, from the business management literature, this study first examines its value in predicting employee retention in a healthcare setting and second, assesses whether the factors that influence the retention of nurses are systematically different from those influencing other healthcare workers. The shortage of skilled healthcare workers makes it imperative that healthcare providers develop effective recruitment and retention plans. With nursing turnover averaging more than 20% a year and competition to hire new nurses fierce, many administrators rightly question whether they should develop specialized plans to recruit and retain nurses. A longitudinal research design was employed to assess the predictive validity of the job embeddedness concept. At time 1, surveys were mailed to a random sample of 500 employees of a community-based hospital in the Northwest region of the United States. The survey assessed personal characteristics, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, job search, perceived alternatives, and intent to leave. One year later (time 2) the organization provided data regarding voluntary leavers from the hospital. Hospital employees returned 232 surveys, yielding a response rate of 46.4 %. The results indicate that job embeddedness predicted turnover over and beyond a combination of perceived desirability of movement measures (job satisfaction, organizational commitment) and perceived ease of movement measures (job alternatives, job search). Thus, job embeddedness assesses new and meaningful variance in turnover in excess of that predicted by the major variables included in almost all the major models of turnover. The findings suggest that job embeddedness is a valuable lens through which to evaluate employee retention in healthcare organizations. Further, the levers for influencing retention are substantially similar for nurses and other healthcare workers. Implications of these findings and

  15. The effects of organizational embeddedness on development of social capital and human capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Thomas W H; Feldman, Daniel C

    2010-07-01

    This article examines the effects of organizational embeddedness on employees' activities to build social capital and human capital. To test a latent growth model, we collected data from 375 managers at multiple points over an 8-month period. We found that the more embedded employees perceived themselves to be at Time 1, the more likely they were to show declines in social capital development behaviors over time. In addition, declines in social capital development behavior were directly related to declines in human capital development behavior over time. These findings highlight the potential negative consequences embeddedness can have on employees' career development activity.

  16. Efficient Transmission of DoD PKI Certificates in Tactical Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    rom a sampling of d igital certificates. TIle result illg dictionary COIltai1lS ~ol llmOl I Previously released materia .’ ESC clearance number...verification for web services, to secure email messaging, to bulk cert.ificate transfer to forward-deployed units. 2.1 Secure UAV Operation Consider a...for verifyi ng identities of participating ivlANET nodes. 2.3 Bulk- transfers of certificates in-theater Forward-deployed, tactical units that execute

  17. Trust in intimate relationships : The increased importance of embeddedness for marriage in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijt, Arnout van de; Buskens, Vincent

    2006-01-01

    Due to the rise of a market for casual relationships, investing in a serious relationship now requires more trust than it did four decades ago. We develop a theory of trust and embeddedness in intimate relationships. One implication of the theory is that given the increased importance of trust, the

  18. HR Practices and Employee Performance Relationship in Higher Education: Mediating Role of Job Embeddedness, Perceived Organizational Support and Trust

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mehreen Fatima; Muhammad Shafique; Faisal Qadeer; Rashid Ahmad

    2015-01-01

    .... Job embeddedness, Perceived organizational support and Trust were taken as mediators and they were investigated for their mediation effect on the relationship between human resource practices and employee performance...

  19. Determining the embeddedness of sustainability claims in strategising: A comparative study of the ALSI 40 companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pretorius

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the level of sustainability embeddedness in strategising by investigating the public and external communication of companies. Problem investigated: The extent to which sustainability is embedded in the elements of strategy formulation and implementation (and not merely surface-level statements and claims Design: The researchers designed a measurement tool and scale, the Strategising for Sustainability Index (SSI, based on researched elements of strategising and recent literature on the topic of sustainability and strategy integration. Merit for strategising for sustainability was given to a company on the basis of its fulfilling the relevant criteria. The JSE Top 40 listed companies on the All Share Index as of March 2011 were selected as a purposive sample. Each company's data and each element of the scorecard were judged on a Likert-type five-point scale, with higher scores indicating higher levels of embeddedness in the strategy. A comprehensive evaluation sheet was used to judge the presented data individually and independently for each element of the scorecard instrument. Findings: Ten elements were found relevant and represented: compliance (2 elements; strategy formulation (4 elements; and strategy implementation (4 elements. The findings show wide variation in overall scores. Almost all companies satisfied the compliance requirements but variations were observed in both formulation and implementation embeddedness. The SSI tool has discrimination value despite a relatively complex judging process. The proposed SSI measurement challenges other determinants of sustainability performance, as it incorporates embeddedness of sustainability in strategising. Knowing the level of this could guide management towards directing resources away from 'over-invested' strengths related to sustainability. Considering the scores for the different elements of the instrument would help to prioritise the 'sustainability spend

  20. Problematizing opportunity pursuit: Multidimensional embeddedness of international entrepreneurship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferguson, J.E.; Tea, San; Dahles, H.; Wakkee, I.A.M.; Moser, C.; Spierenburg, M.J.

    International business scholars are increasingly calling for more awareness of the local context in which international entrepreneurs pursue business opportunities. In this paper, we respond to this call, arguing that an entrepreneur’s business network engenders self-sustaining dynamics that bear

  1. Job embeddedness, work engagement and turnover intention of staff in a higher education institution: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ndayiziveyi Takawira

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The world economy is becoming increasingly knowledge driven, and intellectual capital is now considered as a human resource that affords organisations a competitive advantage. A high turnover rate in higher education and the importance of retaining staff are concerns that have resulted in increased interest in psychological variables, such as job embeddedness and work engagement that may influence employee retention.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between job embeddedness, work engagement and turnover intention of staff in a higher education institution.Motivation for the study: Research on how employees’ job embeddedness and work engagement influence their turnover intention is important in the light of organisational concerns about retaining knowledgeable staff in the current higher education environment.Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted on a non-probability purposive sample (N = 153 of academic and non-academic staff in a South African higher education institution.Main findings: Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships between job embeddedness, work engagement and turnover intention. Multiple regression analyses showed that organisational links and dedication significantly and negatively predict turnover intention.Practical/managerial implications: When designing retention strategies, management and human resource practitioners need to recognise how job embeddedness and work engagement influence the turnover intention of higher education staff.Contribution: These findings contribute valuable new knowledge that can be applied in the retention of staff in the higher education environment.

  2. The differential effect of anticipated work-family conflict on the STEM major embeddedness of men and women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Dante P.

    It is nationally concerning that many students who begin as Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) majors do not complete their degrees. Of additional concern is that among the STEM students who do persist to degree completion, women are severely underrepresented. The present research investigates the extent to which anticipated conflicts between work and family life (AWFC) are negatively related to students' embeddedness in their STEM majors, especially the STEM embeddedness of women. The hypothesized model was tested using structural equation modeling in Mplus-7 with a sample of 218 STEM students from an archival database. As hypothesized, work-family decision making self-efficacy had a negative relationship with both anticipated work interference with family (AWIF) and anticipated family interference with work (AFIW). Notably, only AFIW was negatively related to major embeddedness and only the indirect effect of WFSE on major embeddedness through AFIW was positive and significant, partially supporting each corresponding hypothesis. Additionally, the relationships among study variables did not significantly differ by gender. However, the relationship between AFIW and major embeddedness approached significance for women. Implications of this research, future directions, and study limitations are discussed.

  3. Total cholesterol performance of Abell-Levy-Brodie-Kendall reference measurement procedure: Certification of Japanese in-vitro diagnostic assay manufacturers through CDC's Cholesterol Reference Method Laboratory Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Masakazu; Iso, Hiroyasu; Kitamura, Akihiko; Imano, Hironori; Kiyama, Masahiko; Yokoyama, Shinji; Kayamori, Yuzo; Koyama, Isao; Nishimura, Kunihiro; Nakai, Michikazu; Dasti, Mahnaz; Vesper, Hubert W; Teramoto, Tamio; Miyamoto, Yoshihiro

    2015-05-20

    Accurate measurement of total cholesterol (TC) is important for cardiovascular disease risk management. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Cholesterol Reference Method Laboratory Network (CRMLN) perform Abell-Levy-Brodie-Kendall (AK) reference measurement procedure (RMP) for TC as a secondary reference method, and implement Certification Protocol for Manufacturers. Japanese CRMLN laboratory at Osaka performed the AK RMP for 22 years, and conducted TC certification for reagent/calibrator/instrument systems of six Japanese manufacturers every 2 years for 16 years. Osaka TC performance was examined and compared to CDC's reference values. AK RMP involved sample hydrolysis, cholesterol extraction, and determination of cholesterol levels by spectrophotometry. The Certification Protocol for Manufacturers includes comparison with AK RMP using at least 40 fresh specimens. Demonstration of average bias ≤3% and total coefficient of variation ≤3% qualified an analytical system for certification. In the AK RMP used in the Osaka CRMLN laboratory, the regression equation for measuring TC was y (Osaka)=1.000x (CDC)+0.032 (n=619, R(2)=1.000). Six Japanese manufacturers had allowable performance for certification. The AK RMP for TC measurement was accurate, precise, and stable for 22 years. Six Japanese manufacturers were certified for 16 years. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Anti-Competitive Regulations and Subsidiary Relational Embeddedness Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santangelo, Grazia; Andersson, Ulf

    2013-01-01

    The institution-based view (IBV) of firm strategy argues that formal and informal institutions combine to govern firm behavior and suggests a predominant reliance on network-based informal relationships when formal institutions are absent or deficient. Our knowledge on how formal and informal...... institutions combine to govern firm behavior remains scant when formal institutions are present but show varying degrees of non-marketsupporting regulation. This issue gains great relevance for subsidiaries which in host locations have also to confront the liability of outsidership. To advance IBV, we draw...... on industrial organization and firm productivity literature. In particular, we propose and test a conceptual model illustrating a U-shaped relationship between the extent of anti-competitive regulation in relevant service supplying sectors and the degree to which subsidiaries embed with value chain partners...

  5. The power of place: embeddedness and local food systems in Italy and the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Sonnino

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article, reposant sur l’étude de deux produits locaux émergeants, le safran de Toscane et les charcuteries et viandes de Steve Turton dans le sud ouest de l’Angleterre, s’intéresse aux sens et aux implications de la notion d’« entrelacement social » (embeddedness. Fondé sur l’analyse de données et d’interviews avec les acteurs clés investis dans ces deux réseaux (qui représentent des mentalités alimentaires très différentes cet article montre que, contrairement à ce qui prévaut dans la littérature scientifique des systèmes agro-alimentaires, la notion d’« entrelacement social » n’est pas une caractéristique donnée. Elle résulte d’un procédé dynamique d’attribution de sens à travers lequel les acteurs sociaux construisent et défendent la relation entre le produit et le lieu. Cette perspective met en valeur l’aspect compliqué des notions de « territorialité » et de « localisation », et soulève d’importantes questions à propos de la durabilité des systèmes alimentaires locaux.This article explores the meanings and implications of the notion of embeddedness through a focus on two emerging local food systems: saffron in Tuscany and Steve Turton meats in the South West of England. Based on the analysis of documentary material and of the narratives of key actors operating within two different food cultures, the article shows that, contrary to prevailing interpretations in the agri-food literature, embeddedness is not a given characteristic of some food systems. Quite the contrary, embeddedness of local food products results from a dynamic process of attribution of meanings through which social actors construct and defend the connection between a product and a place. In addition to complicating notions of ‘territoriality’ and food ‘relocalization’, this perspective raises important questions about the sustainability of local food systems.

  6. Professional Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    WaterSense recognizes certification programs for irrigation professionals that meet the specification criteria. Certification programs cover three areas: irrigation system design, installation and maintenance, and system auditing.

  7. HR Practices and Employee Performance Relationship in Higher Education: Mediating Role of Job Embeddedness, Perceived Organizational Support and Trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehreen Fatima

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to find out the impact of Human Resource practices on employee performance. Job embeddedness, Perceived organizational support and Trust were taken as mediators and they were investigated for their mediation effect on the relationship between human resource practices and employee performance. Organizational citizenship behavior and task performance were taken as two dimensions of Employee Performance. Data was collected through questionnaires from faculty members of different campuses of Public sector University in Pakistan. Results support that job embeddedness, perceived organization support and trust have partial or full mediation role for HR-Performance relationship of teaching faculty of Higher Education sector.

  8. Network Formation and Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Balmaceda

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we adopt Granovetter's view expressed in his famous article ''Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness'' , where he argues that the concept of man in economics is extremely undersocialized because it ignores the importance of social networks. In so doing the incentives to mutual cooperation in social matching games in which the social network is endogenously determined are studied. The main result shows that in atomized societies where there is no inform...

  9. Digital certificates and certification authority

    OpenAIRE

    ČELEDA, Stanislav

    2011-01-01

    This work deals with the possibilities of using digital certificates and certification authorities or analysis of alternatives and their use to create secure communication in information systems. In practical examples is demonstrated by the CA implementation on different platforms and generate various types of digital certificates. Based on the findings is made recommendations for choosing the appropriate certification authority.

  10. Exploring Socio-Technical Features of Green Interior Design of Residential Buildings: Indicators, Interdependence and Embeddedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Ning

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop indicators for assessing green interior design of new residential buildings in China, grounded in the socio-technical systems approach. The research was carried out through a critical literature review and two focus group studies. The results show that the boundaries of green interior design were identified with respect to three dimensions, namely performance, methodology and stakeholders. The socio-technical systems approach argues for the recognition of the interdependence between the systems elements and the feature of embeddedness. The interdependence of the systems elements exists within each of these three dimensions and across them. It is also found that the socio-technical systems of green interior design are embedded in the social, regulatory and geographic context. Taking interior design of residential buildings as the empirical setting, this study contributes to the literature of green building assessment by presenting a socio-technical systems approach.

  11. Certification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    The WaterSense Product Certification System outlines the process and procedures for the product certification to ensure that all WaterSense labeled products meet EPA's criteria for efficiency and performance.

  12. The embeddedness of selfish routines: How routines are replicated in business networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman

    2003-01-01

    Organisational routines may be viewed as replicators of business organisation and lead to the formation of new ventures. This paper discuss this idea, and ilustrates it using two case studies of routine replication in a Danish context......Organisational routines may be viewed as replicators of business organisation and lead to the formation of new ventures. This paper discuss this idea, and ilustrates it using two case studies of routine replication in a Danish context...

  13. Social embeddedness as a mechanism for linking social cohesion to well-being among older adults: moderating effect of gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momtaz, Yadollah Abolfathi; Haron, Sharifah Azizah; Ibrahim, Rahimah; Hamid, Tengku Aizan

    2014-01-01

    The positive effect of social cohesion on well-being in older adults has been well documented. However, relatively few studies have attempted to understand the mechanisms by which social cohesion influences well-being. The main aim of the current study is to identify social pathways in which social cohesion may contribute to well-being. The data for this study (taken from 1,880 older adults, aged 60 years and older) were drawn from a national survey conducted during 2008-2009. The survey employed a two-stage stratified sampling process for data collection. Structural equation modeling was used to test mediating and moderating analyses. The proposed model documented a good fit to the data (GFI =98; CFI =0.99; RMSEA =0.04). The findings from bootstrap analysis and the Sobel test revealed that the impact of social cohesion on well-being is significantly mediated by social embeddedness (Z=5.62; Pcohesion influences well-being through the social embeddedness mechanism somewhat differently for older men than women. The findings of this study, in addition to supporting the importance of neighborhood social cohesion for the well-being of older adults, also provide evidence that the impact of social cohesion towards well-being is mediated through the mechanism of social embeddedness.

  14. Learning from Stakeholder Pressure and Embeddedness: The Roles of Absorptive Capacity in the Corporate Social Responsibility of Dutch Agribusinesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul T. M. Ingenbleek

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In spite of much research on corporate social responsibility (CSR responses to secondary stakeholders (i.e., social movements, activists, media, civil society and non-governmental organizations, the debate on how companies learn from pressure and collaboration with these societal groups is still open. Building upon stakeholder and knowledge management theories, this paper analyzes how secondary stakeholder pressure and embeddedness influence agribusiness companies’ absorptive capacity and their CSR strategies. Data are obtained from 152 Dutch agribusiness company managers. The results highlight that, first, absorptive capacity influences companies’ new product innovation, product positioning and organizational innovation to be more oriented towards CSR. Second, stakeholder embeddedness of agribusiness companies triggers absorptive capacity more than pressure from them. Third, stakeholder pressure and embeddedness also have direct (i.e., not mediated by companies’ absorptive capacity yet weaker effects on CSR organizational innovation and product positioning. Findings corroborate the idea that firms develop innovative CSR strategies when they combine internal reflection processes and partnerships with secondary stakeholders.

  15. Certification of network managers. Not a diplom just like that; Certificering van netbeheerders. Niet zomaar een diploma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleinhout, A.A.; De Keijzer, J.Th.A. [De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-05-15

    Transmission System Operators (TSO) in Europe need - according to the so-called 'third package' - to be certified. First of all, the purpose and background of the certification are discussed. Next, an overview is given of the main features of European legislation with respect to certification and how it is implemented in Dutch legislation. Subsequently, a brief state of affairs is given and the most salient points regarding the certification of TSOs in the Netherlands and - briefly - the other EU countries, are explained [Dutch] Transmission System Operators (TSO) in Europa dienen - conform het zogeheten 'derde pakket' - te worden gecertificeerd. In dit artikel wordt stilgestaan bij wat certificering nu inhoudt en hoe dit proces verloopt. Allereerst worden het doel en de achtergrond van de certificering besproken. Vervolgens wordt een overzicht gegeven van de hoofdlijnen van de Europese regelgeving waarin de certificering is neergelegd en hoe die in de Nederlandse wetgeving is geimplementeerd. Daarna worden kort de stand van zaken en opvallende punten met betrekking tot de certificering van de TSOs in Nederland en - kort - de andere EU-landen toegelicht.

  16. Innovation embedded in entrepreneurs’ networks in private and public spheres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøtt, Thomas; Cheraghi, Maryam; Rezaei, Shahamak

    2014-01-01

    Global studies have found tendencies: traditional culture promotes entrepreneurs' networking in the private sphere, impeding innovation, whereas secular-rational culture facilitates networking in the public sphere, benefiting innovation. This embeddedness is here scrutinised in contrasting...... societies, China and Denmark. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor has surveyed entrepreneurs in China, Denmark and elsewhere. Analyses reconfirm the global tendencies and show that, China in contrast to Denmark, public sphere networking is sparser, but private sphere networking is denser. Innovation...

  17. Innovation embedded in entrepreneurs' networks in private and public spheres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøtt, Thomas; Cheraghi, Maryam; Rezaei, Shahamak

    2014-01-01

    Global studies have found tendencies: traditional culture promotes entrepreneurs' networking in the private sphere, impeding innovation, whereas secular-rational culture facilitates networking in the public sphere, benefiting innovation. This embeddedness is here scrutinised in contrasting...... societies, China and Denmark. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor has surveyed entrepreneurs in China, Denmark and elsewhere. Analyses reconfirm the global tendencies and show that, China in contrast to Denmark, public sphere networking is sparser, but private sphere networking is denser. Innovation...

  18. From birth through transition to maturation : The evolution of technology-based alliance networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gilsing, Victor; Cloodt, M.; Roijakkers, N.

    2016-01-01

    This article considers the evolution of interfirm networks within a context of technological change. More specifically, it studies the evolution of structural and positional embeddedness in a network of technology-based alliances when it moves from an early period of invention creation to a

  19. Getting Embedded in Industry Networks Abroad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne; Dyhr Ulrich, Anna Marie; Hollensen, Svend

    with entering such foreign markets remain significant, especially for inexperienced SMEs. These challenges can include inadequate knowledge about a host country’s culture, norms, values and business environment, and a lack of embeddedness in the industry networks abroad. Such barriers can often hinder...... (Hollensen, 2017). This research project aims to explain how the “incubator” can support the acquisition of lacking experiental knowledge and facilitate the process of getting embedded in markets or industrial networks abroad. Theoretical foundation This paper adopts an industrial network approach in line...... with Mats, et al. (2015) and Johannson/Vahlne (2015). On the one hand it is assumed that resources, actors, exchange- and coordination-mechanism are vital determinants influencing the degree of embeddedness of companies in industry networks abroad (Mats, Holm, Johansson 2015, Johanson and Vahlne, 2015...

  20. Just Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz Piedregal, Virginie

    2009-01-01

    Through the justice principles –equality, time, status, need, efficiency and worth– developed by Jon Elster, we show in this article how fair trade certification for producers is legitimatised by stakeholders. Based on a field investigation with coffee growers in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia and with fair trade organisations in the North (Max Havelaar/FLO, Andines and Artisans du Monde), the analysis firstly reviews just certification according to the impersonal criteria of “mechanical” justice,...

  1. Global Diffusion of the Non-Traditional Banking Model and Alliance Networks: Social Exposure, Learning and Moderating Regulatory Effort

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.N. Cuntz (Alexander); K. Blind (Knut)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze the impact of (alliance) network exposure on the speed and extent of adoption of the business model as being one explanatory factor for diffusion controlling for actor specific characteristics and embeddedness in the network. In order to explain how existing national

  2. The Interplay of Networking Activities and Internal Knowledge Actions for Subsidiary Influence within MNCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Najafi-Tavani, Zhaleh; Giroud, Axèle; Andersson, Ulf

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge-based and network-based activities are known determinants of foreign subsidiary influence. We demonstrate that the interaction between these factors is essential in understanding how subsidiaries gain influence within an MNC. We test this using data on 184 foreign-owned subsidiaries...... in the UK. The results indicate that the possession of strategic resources (knowledge or embedded relations) increases subsidiary influence only when the knowledge is transferred back to headquarters. Importantly, the impact of subsidiary-headquarters embeddedness, external embeddedness and knowledge...

  3. The mix matters : Complex personal networks relate to higher cognitive functioning in old age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellwardt, Lea; Van Tilburg, Theo G.; Aartsen, MarjaJ.

    Stronger engagement of older adults in social activities and greater embeddedness in networks is often argued to buffer cognitive decline and lower risks of dementia. One of the explanations is that interaction with other people trains the brain, thereby enhancing cognitive functioning. However,

  4. Blueberry certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certification programs for the production of systemic pathogen-tested blueberry stock require the following two major elements: reliable sources of clean starting material and propagation and maintenance of clean stock. One of the major components of the United States Blueberry National Certificatio...

  5. Rescaling Certificates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne

    Every five years the energy performance requirements for new buildings should be reviewed to investigate if it is possible to tighten the requirements. The first deadline for this activity is 2011. Having made a decision about tightening the energy performance requirements, the natural question...... is then if the certificates should be revised and if the EP scale should be modified....

  6. Imperfect Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Gu, Yiquan

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a model for a certification market with an imperfect testing technology. Such a technology only assures that whenever two products are tested the higher quality product is more likely to pass than the lower quality one.When only one certifier with such testing technology is present in the market, it is found that this monopoly certifier can be completely ignored in equilibrium, in contrast to the prediction of a model with perfect testing technology. A separating equilibri...

  7. Being Close: The Quality of Social Relationships in a Local Organic Cereal and Bread Network in Lower Austria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milestad, Rebecka; Bartel-Kratochvil, Ruth; Leitner, Heidrun; Axmann, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Experience of the drawbacks of a globalised and industrialised food system has generated interest in localised food systems. Local food networks are regarded as more sustainable food provision systems since they are assumed to have high levels of social embeddedness and relations of regard. This paper explores the social relations between food…

  8. Open source systems security certification

    CERN Document Server

    Damiani, Ernesto; El Ioini, Nabil

    2009-01-01

    Open Source Advances in Computer Applications book series provides timely technological and business information for: Enabling Open Source Systems (OSS) to become an integral part of systems and devices produced by technology companies; Inserting OSS in the critical path of complex network development and embedded products, including methodologies and tools for domain-specific OSS testing (lab code available), plus certification of security, dependability and safety properties for complex systems; Ensuring integrated systems, including OSS, meet performance and security requirements as well as achieving the necessary certifications, according to the overall strategy of OSS usage on the part of the adopter

  9. Can Companies Induce Sustainable Consumption? The Impact of Knowledge and Social Embeddedness on Airline Sustainability Programs in the U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohan Kim

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates how consumers’ level of knowledge and social embeddedness can influence sustainable consumption. An extended model of goal-directed behavior (MGB is tested by U.S. airline consumers who have participated in UNICEF’s Change for Good (CFG and voluntary carbon offsetting (VCO programs. Results show that consumers’ knowledge positively influenced their subjective norms and attitudes towards participation of VCO and CFG. Increasing consumers’ sense of social embeddedness is also found to be crucial in forming their subjective norms for both CFG and VCO. Moreover, positive anticipated emotion is found to influence consumers’ desire to participate in VCO, while negative anticipated emotion influences desire towards CFG participation. The findings of this research provide a practical implication on strategies for the airline industry to induce sustainable consumption behavior, as well as demonstrate the need for different emotional elicitation strategies for different sustainability programs.

  10. Does social embeddedness influence union formation differences among the Turkish and Moroccan generation in the Netherlands?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huschek, D.; de Valk, H.A.G.; Liefbroer, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    So far, most studies have examined the role of peers in school achievement, language acquisition and ethnic identity of second-generation migrants.This paper contributes to the literature first of all by studying how non-family networks influence union formation decisions of the second generation.

  11. Ecological impacts of the ISO14001 certification of small and medium sized enterprises in Europe and the mediating role of networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graafland, Johan

    2018-01-01

    In international scientific literature, it is argued that the adoption of ISO14001 certification is symbolic, aiming to improve the enterprise's public image. Various empirical researches have indeed shown that ISO14001 does not have substantial favorable ecological impacts. This paper contributes

  12. Transit management certificate program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    TTI worked closely with the Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning Department : (LAUP) of Texas A&M University (TAMU) to develop a transit management certificate : focus for the current Graduate Certificate in Transportation Planning (CTP) housed ...

  13. Type Certification Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-03-02

    This order prescribes the responsibilities and procedures for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aircraft certification personnel responsible for the certification process required by the Federal Aviation Regulations for civil aircraft,aircraft en...

  14. Global Diffusion of the Non-Traditional Banking Model and Alliance Networks: Social Exposure, Learning and Moderating Regulatory Effort

    OpenAIRE

    Cuntz, Alexander; Blind, Knut

    2010-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze the impact of (alliance) network exposure on the speed and extent of adoption of the business model as being one explanatory factor for diffusion controlling for actor specific characteristics and embeddedness in the network. In order to explain how existing national regulation moderated this relationship and whether it succeeded in its risk-limiting mission by moderating global adoption patterns and risk-bearing behavior among financial institutions we estimate various...

  15. Organic Certification Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Raymond H.

    2014-01-01

    The present certification process is more and more becoming focused on chain of custody and documentation. There is a necessity to go away from a bureaucratic-type of certification process to one that is takes only as much time and documentation as necessary. Two possible solutions is expanding equivalency between certification programs and developing participatory guarantee systems. This requires the collaboration between producers, certification bodies, accreditation bodies, and certificati...

  16. Supporting nurse manager certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Susan; Glynn, Michele; Moore, Rebecca; Rankin, Rebecca; Stevens, Linda

    2014-06-01

    Professional certification is desirable for nursing staff and leaders to demonstrate high levels of knowledge and expertise. Nurse managers can be role models for staff by attaining certification. The organization highlighted in this article developed a process that included an in-house nurse manager certification review course resulting in increased certification rates from 33% to 50% for nurse managers in a 14-month period.

  17. Global and Local Discourses on Climate Change: A Perspective from the Concept of Embeddedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jailab Kumar Rai

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Climate change has been becoming a major order of business of all including researchers and academics. This is known that global, national and local organizations, institutions and even the individuals are partaking into the issues with their own perspectives and skills of negotiations. Despite the series of international efforts and attempts, there are also a series of national concerns, efforts and attempts in combating against the effects of global climate change. This paper is an attempt to draw on the overview of contexts and concerns of international communities for combating global climate change and its discursive influence in national policy discourses. Moreover, the paper attempts to assess the local socio-cultural discourses and dynamics of climate change in relation to global and national discourses. Finally the paper highlights on how global and local climate change knowledge networks and epistemic communities either from political processes or the socio-economic fabrics are interrelated and determinant to each other. Keywords: climate change; discourses; embeddeness; dynamics; global; local DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v4i0.4518 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.4 2010 pp.143-180

  18. Calculation of primary energy factors and certification of district heat networks. Experience report; Berechnung von Primaerenergiefaktoren und Zertifizierung von Fernwaermenetzen. Erfahrungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zschernig, J. [TU Dresden (Germany). Energiesystemtechnik und Waermewirtschaft; Dittmann, L. [TU Dresden (Germany); Ernst, H. [Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Waerme und Heikraftwirtschaft - AGFW - e.V. Beim VDEW (Germany)

    2003-11-01

    The calculation instructions of DIN for total certification of utilities aren't partially not sufficiently specified. Therefor the authors have developed a total balance scheme. On this way five industrial trade models were exemplarily investigated. (GL) [German] Bei der Zertifizierung von Fernwaermenetzen entsprechend der EnEV hat sich gezeigt, dass die Berechnungsvorschriften der DIN zur vollstaendigen Zertifizierung der Unternehmen teilweise nicht genuegend spezifiziert sind. Die Autoren haben deshalb ein vollstaendiges Bilanzschema entwickelt. Auf dieser Basis wurden fuer fuenf branchentypische Modelle die Primaerenergiefaktoren beispielhaft ermittelt. (orig.)

  19. Pitfalls in death certification

    OpenAIRE

    England, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    Apart from their administrative purpose, death certificate data are a major means of identifying public health problems and evaluating the effectiveness of programs developed to deal with these public health problems. The inaccuracies in death certification are well documented in the international literature. This study aimed to estimate the accuracy in cancer death certification locally, as well as present common types of errors in order to create educational awareness.

  20. Medical Certification System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Provides automated risk-based decision making capability in support of medical certification and clearances processing associated fees and supporting surveillance of...

  1. Section 608 Technician Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certifications for technicians who maintain, service, repair, or dispose of equipment that could release ozone depleting refrigerants or, after January 1, 2018, substitute refrigerants into the atmosphere.

  2. EAS Telecommunications Certification Bodies (TCB)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — EAS (Equipment Authorization System). A Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB) is an accredited product certification body with the authority to issue Grants of...

  3. Long-term ill health and the social embeddedness of work: a study in a post-industrial, multi-ethnic locality in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, Kaveri; Salway, Sarah; Chowbey, Punita; Platt, Lucinda

    2014-09-01

    Against the background of an increasingly individualising welfare-to-work regime, sociological studies of incapacity and health-related worklessness have called for an appreciation of the role of history and context in patterning individual experience. This article responds to that call by exploring the work experiences of long-term sick people in East London, a post-industrial, multi-ethnic locality. It demonstrates how the individual experiences of long-term sickness and work are embedded in social relations of class, generation, ethnicity and gender, which shape people's formal and informal routes to work protection, work-seeking practices and responses to worklessness. We argue that this social embeddedness requires greater attention in welfare-to-work policy. © 2014 The Authors. Sociology of Health & Illness © 2014 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness/John Wiley & sons Ltd.

  4. Soy production and certification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomei, Julia; Semino, Stella Maris; Paul, Helena

    2010-01-01

    With the rising emphasis on biofuels as a potential solution to climate change, this paper asks whether certification schemes, developed to promote sustainable feedstock production, are able to deliver genuine sustainability benefits. The Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS) is a certification s...

  5. Evaluation by Proficiency Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerby, Dale

    1977-01-01

    Albuquerque Technical-Vocational Institute's system for grading business courses by proficiency certification in place of the traditional A through F system is described. A certificate is developed for each course, with evaluation of student performance in each area. This system requires a greater volume of paper work and skill analysis but it is…

  6. Efficient Certification Path Discovery for MANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambourakis Georgios

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET is characterized by the lack of any infrastructure, absence of any kind of centralized administration, frequent mobility of nodes, network partitioning, and wireless connections. These properties make traditional wireline security solutions not straightforwardly applicable in MANETs, and of course, constitute the establishment of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI in such networks a cumbersome task. After surveying related work, we propose a novel public key management scheme using the well-known web-of-trust or trust graph model. Our scheme is based on a binary tree formation of the network's nodes. The binary tree structure is proved very effective for building certificate chains between communicating nodes that are multihops away and the cumbersome problem of certificate chain discovery is avoided. We compare our scheme with related work and show that it presents several advantages, especially when a fair balancing between security and performance is desirable. Simulations of the proposed scheme under different scenarios demonstrate that it is effective in terms of tree formation, join and leave occurrences, and certificate chain establishment.

  7. Converse Barrier Certificate Theorems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafael; Sloth, Christoffer

    2016-01-01

    This paper shows that a barrier certificate exists for any safe dynamical system. Specifically, we prove converse barrier certificate theorems for a class of structurally stable dynamical systems. Other authors have developed a related result by assuming that the dynamical system has neither...... singular points nor closed orbits. In this paper, we redefine the standard notion of safety to comply with dynamical systems with multiple singular elements. Hereafter, we prove the converse barrier certificate theorems and highlight the differences between our results and previous work by a number...

  8. Converse Barrier Certificate Theorem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafael; Sloth, Christoffer

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a converse barrier certificate theorem for a generic dynamical system.We show that a barrier certificate exists for any safe dynamical system defined on a compact manifold. Other authors have developed a related result, by assuming that the dynamical system has no singular...... points in the considered subset of the state space. In this paper, we redefine the standard notion of safety to comply with generic dynamical systems with multiple singularities. Afterwards, we prove the converse barrier certificate theorem and illustrate the differences between ours and previous work...

  9. Employment certificates on HRT

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    As part of the ongoing drive to simplify and streamline administrative procedures and processes, the IT and HR Departments have made employment certificates available on a self-service basis on the HRT application, in the main menu under "My self services". All members of the personnel can thus obtain a certificate of employment or association, in French or in English, for the present or past contractual period. The HR Department’s Records Office remains responsible for issuing any special certificates that might be required. IT-AIS (Administrative Information Services) HR-SPS (Services, Procedures & Social) Records Office – Tel. 73700

  10. Individual and social network predictors of physical bullying: a longitudinal study of Taiwanese early adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Hsi-Sheng; Lee, Wonjae

    2014-01-01

    This study followed 125 7th-grade students in Taiwan for the entire school year and analyzed the individual and social network factors predicting their involvement in physical bullying over 5 waves of data. Using self-reports of bullying experiences, 20 classroom-level networks of bullying and friendship were constructed for 4 classrooms and 5 temporal points, from which 4 individual-level network measures were calculated. They included bully and victim centrality, popularity, and embeddedness in friendship networks. A series of mixed models for repeated measures were constructed to predict students' bully and victim centrality in bullying network at time t + 1. Compared to girls, boys were more likely to be both the bullies and victims. Lower self-esteem and higher family economic status contributed to victim centrality. Having parents married and living together predicted lower bully centrality. Higher educational level of parents predicted lower victim and bully centrality. Regarding the social network factors, students' bully centrality at t positively predicted their bully centrality at t + 1, whereas victim centrality predicted their subsequent victim centrality. Interaction effects between friendship network and bullying network were observed. Embeddedness in friendship network reduced victim centrality at t + 1 except for those students with low victim centrality at t. For those with high victim centrality at t, popularity increased their risk of physical victimization over time. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

  11. BECSI: Bandwidth Efficient Certificate Status Information Distribution Mechanism for VANETs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gañán

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Certificate revocation is a challenging task, especiallyin mobile network environments such as vehicular ad Hoc networks (VANETs.According to the IEEE 1609.2 security standard for VANETs, public keyinfrastructure (PKI will provide this functionality by means of certificate revocation lists (CRLs.When a certificate authority (CAneeds to revoke a certificate, itglobally distributes CRLs.Transmitting these lists pose a problem as they require high update frequencies and a lot of bandwidth. In this article, we propose BECSI, aBandwidth Efficient Certificate Status Informationmechanism to efficiently distributecertificate status information (CSI in VANETs.By means of Merkle hash trees (MHT, BECSI allowsto retrieve authenticated CSI not onlyfrom the infrastructure but also from vehicles actingas mobile repositories.Since these MHTs are significantly smaller than the CRLs, BECSIreduces the load on the CSI repositories and improves the response time for the vehicles.Additionally, BECSI improves the freshness of the CSIby combining the use of delta-CRLs with MHTs.Thus, vehicles that have cached the most current CRLcan download delta-CRLs to have a complete list of revoked certificates.Once a vehicle has the whole list of revoked certificates, it can act as mobile repository.

  12. Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs), are tradable, non-tangible energy commodities in the United States that represent proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable energy resource.

  13. PULSE Pilot Certification Results

    OpenAIRE

    Pamela Pape-Lindstrom; Tom Jack; Kathy Miller; Karen Aguirre; Judy Awong-Taylor; Teri Balser; Loretta Brancaccio-Taras; Kate Marley; Marcy Osgood; Marcy Peteroy-Kelly; Sandra Romano

    2015-01-01

    The pilot certification process is an ambitious, nationwide endeavor designed to motivate important changes in life sciences education that are in line with the recommendations of the 2011 Vision and Change Report: A Call to Action (American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS], 2011).  It is the goal of the certification process to acknowledge departments that have progressed towards full implementation of the tenets of Vision and Change and to motivate departments that have not...

  14. A Proposal of TLS Implementation for Cross Certification Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaji, Tadashi; Fujishiro, Takahiro; Tezuka, Satoru

    Today, TLS is widely used for achieving a secure communication system. And TLS is used PKI for server authentication and/or client authentication. However, its PKI environment, which is called as “multiple trust anchors environment,” causes the problem that the verifier has to maintain huge number of CA certificates in the ubiquitous network because the increase of terminals connected to the network brings the increase of CAs. However, most of terminals in the ubiquitous network will not have enough memory to hold such huge number of CA certificates. Therefore, another PKI environment, “cross certification environment”, is useful for the ubiquitous network. But, because current TLS is designed for the multiple trust anchors model, TLS cannot work efficiently on the cross-certification model. This paper proposes a TLS implementation method to support the cross certification model efficiently. Our proposal reduces the size of exchanged messages between the TLS client and the TLS server during the handshake process. Therefore, our proposal is suitable for implementing TLS in the terminals that do not have enough computing power and memory in ubiquitous network.

  15. DB2 9 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows Advanced Database Administration Certification Certification Study Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Sanders, Roger E

    2008-01-01

    Database administrators versed in DB2 wanting to learn more about advanced database administration activities and students wishing to gain knowledge to help them pass the DB2 9 UDB Advanced DBA certification exam will find this exhaustive reference invaluable. Written by two individuals who were part of the team that developed the certification exam, this comprehensive study guide prepares the student for challenging questions on database design; data partitioning and clustering; high availability diagnostics; performance and scalability; security and encryption; connectivity and networking; a

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniko Miler-Virc

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ISO 14001 prescribes the requirements for a system, not environmental performance itself. Similarly, certification is of the management system itself, not environmental performance. An audit is not conducted to ascertain whether your flue gas emissions are less than X part per million nitrous oxide or that your wastewater effluent contains less that Y milligrams of bacteria per litre. Consequently, the procces of auditing the system for compliance to the standard entails checking to see that all of the necessary components of a functioning system are present and working properly.           A company can have a complete and fully functional EMS as prescribed by ISO 14001 without being certified. As certification can add to the time and expense of EMS development, it is important for you to establish, in advance, whether certification is of net benefit to you. Although most companies that develop an EMS do in fact certify, there are cases where certification does not add immediate value. Certification is not always beneficial to small and medium sized companies. Certification is not always necessary for companies with one or two large clients with environmental demands who are satisfied that you have a functional EMS (second-party declaration. Whatever decision you make, it is important to remember that just as a driver′s licence does not automatically make you a good driver, ISO 14001 certification does not automatically make your company environmentally benign or ensure that you will continually improve environmental performance. The system is only as good as the people who operate it.

  17. Using Frankencerts for Automated Adversarial Testing of Certificate Validation in SSL/TLS Implementations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Chad; Jana, Suman; Ray, Baishakhi; Khurshid, Sarfraz; Shmatikov, Vitaly

    2014-01-01

    Modern network security rests on the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols. Distributed systems, mobile and desktop applications, embedded devices, and all of secure Web rely on SSL/TLS for protection against network attacks. This protection critically depends on whether SSL/TLS clients correctly validate X.509 certificates presented by servers during the SSL/TLS handshake protocol. We design, implement, and apply the first methodology for large-scale testing of certificate validation logic in SSL/TLS implementations. Our first ingredient is "frankencerts," synthetic certificates that are randomly mutated from parts of real certificates and thus include unusual combinations of extensions and constraints. Our second ingredient is differential testing: if one SSL/TLS implementation accepts a certificate while another rejects the same certificate, we use the discrepancy as an oracle for finding flaws in individual implementations. Differential testing with frankencerts uncovered 208 discrepancies between popular SSL/TLS implementations such as OpenSSL, NSS, CyaSSL, GnuTLS, PolarSSL, MatrixSSL, etc. Many of them are caused by serious security vulnerabilities. For example, any server with a valid X.509 version 1 certificate can act as a rogue certificate authority and issue fake certificates for any domain, enabling man-in-the-middle attacks against MatrixSSL and GnuTLS. Several implementations also accept certificate authorities created by unauthorized issuers, as well as certificates not intended for server authentication. We also found serious vulnerabilities in how users are warned about certificate validation errors. When presented with an expired, self-signed certificate, NSS, Safari, and Chrome (on Linux) report that the certificate has expired-a low-risk, often ignored error-but not that the connection is insecure against a man-in-the-middle attack. These results demonstrate that automated adversarial testing with frankencerts

  18. 77 FR 46677 - Vehicle Certification; Contents of Certification Labels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 567 RIN 2127-AL18 Vehicle Certification; Contents of Certification Labels AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT... Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) regulations that prescribe the format and contents of certification...

  19. 42 CFR 493.638 - Certificate fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for quality control, quality assurance, and proficiency testing purposes) and specialties tested, with... PPM procedures, certificate of waiver, certificate of accreditation, or a certificate of compliance..., certificate of waiver, certificate of accreditation, or a certificate of compliance. The total of fees...

  20. Quantum state certification

    OpenAIRE

    Bădescu, Costin; O'Donnell, Ryan; Wright, John

    2017-01-01

    We consider the problem of quantum state certification, where one is given $n$ copies of an unknown $d$-dimensional quantum mixed state $\\rho$, and one wants to test whether $\\rho$ is equal to some known mixed state $\\sigma$ or else is $\\epsilon$-far from $\\sigma$. The goal is to use notably fewer copies than the $\\Omega(d^2)$ needed for full tomography on $\\rho$ (i.e., density estimation). We give two robust state certification algorithms: one with respect to fidelity using $n = O(d/\\epsilon...

  1. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  2. 77 FR 6482 - Conductor Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 242 Conductor Certification AGENCY: Federal Railroad..., published on November 9, 2011, which prescribed regulations for certification of conductors as required by... Certification, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Mail Stop-25, Room W38-323...

  3. Secret-key certificates (continued)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.A. Brands (Stefan)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractA new construction is described for designing secret-key certificate schemes based on signature schemes other than of the Fiat-Shamir type. Also described are practical secret-key certificate issuing protocols that enable the Certification Authority to certify public keys, without being

  4. Network Warrior

    CERN Document Server

    Donahue, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Pick up where certification exams leave off. With this practical, in-depth guide to the entire network infrastructure, you'll learn how to deal with real Cisco networks, rather than the hypothetical situations presented on exams like the CCNA. Network Warrior takes you step by step through the world of routers, switches, firewalls, and other technologies based on the author's extensive field experience. You'll find new content for MPLS, IPv6, VoIP, and wireless in this completely revised second edition, along with examples of Cisco Nexus 5000 and 7000 switches throughout. Topics include: An

  5. Status of Forest Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar Espinoza; Urs Buehlmann; Michael Dockry

    2013-01-01

    Forest certification systems are voluntary, market-based initiatives to promote the sustainable use of forests. These standards assume that consumers prefer products made from materials grown in an environmentally sustainable fashion, and this in turn creates incentives for companies to adopt responsible environmental practices. One of the major reasons for the...

  6. What is organic certification?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certified organic crop production is a holistic approach to sustainable and healthy food production to enhance the well being of the consumer, while protecting natural resources. Organic certification was implemented by the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2002 in recognition of the necessity for c...

  7. Social network analysis: foundations and frontiers on advantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, Ronald S; Kilduff, Martin; Tasselli, Stefano

    2013-01-01

    We provide an overview of social network analysis focusing on network advantage as a lens that touches on much of the area. For reasons of good data and abundant research, we draw heavily on studies of people in organizations. Advantage is traced to network structure as a proxy for the distribution of variably sticky information in a population. The network around a person indicates the person's access and control in the distribution. Advantage is a function of information breadth, timing, and arbitrage. Advantage is manifest in higher odds of proposing good ideas, more positive evaluations and recognition, higher compensation, and faster promotions. We discuss frontiers of advantage contingent on personality, cognition, embeddedness, and dynamics.

  8. Fair Trade Flowers: Global Certification, Environmental Sustainability, and Labor Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the organization of the fair trade flower industry, integration of Ecuadorian enterprises into these networks, and power of certification to address key environmental and social concerns on participating estates. Pursuing a social regulatory approach, I locate fair trade within the field of new institutions that establish and…

  9. Certification/enforcement analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

  10. DGNB Building Certification Companion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Renate Skovgaard; Rhodes, Michael K.; Larsen, Tine Steen

    2017-01-01

    In the construction industry, the popularity of sustainability and its benefits have been on the rise in recent years. Alas, with various building sustainability assessment schemes on the market, there is still no single general method for a comprehensive and inclusive design and building process...... for sustainable buildings. The literature describes several barriers of entry preventing actors in the industry from seeking sustainability certifications and prioritizing design methods, supporting sustainability in greater numbers. In the newly developed tool, “DGNB building certification companion: Sustainable...... Tool for Assessment, Planning, Learning, and Engaging (STAPLE)”, a new Excel-based, interactive, and iterative education focused platform is introduced, intended to engage dialog among stakeholders, building owners, and decision makers, and the assigned group team leaders, based on the five DGNB topics...

  11. Social embeddedness in a harmonized Europe: the social networks of European migrants with a native partner in Belgium and the Netherland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koelet, S.; Van Mol, C.; de Valk, H.A.G.

    2016-01-01

    Although intra-European migration is often considered relatively easy to realize given European citizens' right to freedom of movement, settlement in another European country can still be experienced as socially disruptive. Insights in the insertion processes of European migrants, nevertheless,

  12. The performance of public corporate actors: Essays on effects of institutional and network embeddedness in supranational, national, and local collaborative contexts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schalk, J.

    2012-01-01

    Public corporate actors – governments, government bureaucracies, and nongovernmental organizations strongly involved in the delivery of public services – address key social problems in society. They permeate many dimensions of our personal lives. They impact our health care, education, and social

  13. Does Human Migration Affect International Trade? A Complex-Network Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagiolo, Giorgio; Mastrorillo, Marina

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the relationships between international human migration and merchandise trade using a complex-network approach. We firstly compare the topological structure of worldwide networks of human migration and bilateral trade over the period 1960–2000. Next, we ask whether pairs of countries that are more central in the migration network trade more. We show that: (i) the networks of international migration and trade are strongly correlated, and such correlation can be mostly explained by country economic/demographic size and geographical distance; (ii) centrality in the international-migration network boosts bilateral trade; (iii) intensive forms of country centrality are more trade enhancing than their extensive counterparts. Our findings suggest that bilateral trade between any two countries is not only affected by the presence of migrants from either countries, but also by their relative embeddedness in the complex web of corridors making up the network of international human migration. PMID:24828376

  14. Absence from work and the medical sickness certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massoni, F; Salesi, M; Sarra, M V; Ricci, S

    2013-03-01

    Internet and dematerialization have greatly facilitated the medical profession. Contractual physicians and national health service doctors now have efficient tools for the electronic management of their routine administrative workload. A recent innovation is the medical sickness certificate issued by primary care providers and national health service physicians. Following postponements and uncertainties, procedures for the electronic completion and online transmission of the sickness certificate are now complete. The changes introduced by the so-called "Brunetta decree", however, have made its application difficult and continuous improvement to the system is needed, considering also the severe penalties imposed for violations. In the light of serious legal repercussions for health care professionals, this article examines various critical issues, highlighting the pitfalls and the network's enormous potential for ascertaining evidence of irregularities. The overheated debate on absenteeism due to illness, the diverse roles of national health physicians and self-employed doctors responsible for issuing a sickness certificate, and problems related to circumstances in which a doctor operates, are the key topics in this discussion. Computerization is an effective tool for optimizing public resources; however, it also seeks to ferret out, through the traceability of certification, abuse of medical certification, with severe penalties applied if certificates are discovered to contain misleading or untrue information.

  15. 33 CFR 159.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 159.15 Section 159... MARINE SANITATION DEVICES Certification Procedures § 159.15 Certification. (a) The recognized facility... certified, the Coast Guard includes a certification number for the device. If certification is denied, the...

  16. 30 CFR 850.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 850.15 Section 850.15 Mineral..., EXAMINATION, AND CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS PERMANENT REGULATORY PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS-STANDARDS FOR CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS § 850.15 Certification. (a) Issuance of certification. The regulatory authority shall...

  17. 46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certification. 107.258 Section 107.258 Shipping... CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification. (a) The Coast Guard may accept current certificates issued by approved organizations as evidence of condition and suitability of cranes. The following...

  18. Certification trails for data structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Gregory F.; Masson, Gerald M.

    1993-01-01

    Certification trails are a recently introduced and promising approach to fault detection and fault tolerance. The applicability of the certification trail technique is significantly generalized. Previously, certification trails had to be customized to each algorithm application; trails appropriate to wide classes of algorithms were developed. These certification trails are based on common data-structure operations such as those carried out using these sets of operations such as those carried out using balanced binary trees and heaps. Any algorithms using these sets of operations can therefore employ the certification trail method to achieve software fault tolerance. To exemplify the scope of the generalization of the certification trail technique provided, constructions of trails for abstract data types such as priority queues and union-find structures are given. These trails are applicable to any data-structure implementation of the abstract data type. It is also shown that these ideals lead naturally to monitors for data-structure operations.

  19. COSPAS-SARSAT Beacon Certification Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — EPG's COSPAS-SARSAT Beacon Certification Facility is one of five certification facilities in the world. Formal certifications are available for all beacon types and...

  20. Guideline for Computer Security Certification and Accreditation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-27

    computer security certification and accreditation of sensitive computer applications. It identifies and describes the steps involved in performing computer ... security certification and accreditation; it identifies and discusses important issues in managing a computer security certification and accreditation

  1. CompTIA Network+ Review Guide Exam N10-005

    CERN Document Server

    Ferguson, Bill

    2012-01-01

    Fast, focused review for the latest CompTIA Network+ Exam N10-005 CompTIA's Network+ certification is the leading non-vendor networking certification in the world and has become the standard certification for networking professionals. Make sure you're ready for CompTIA's new Network+ certification (exam N10-005) with this new edition of Sybex's CompTIA Network+ Review Guide. This concise guide is efficiently organized by exam objectives and covers all five exam domains. The book also includes 50 chapter review questions, as well as access to two online practice exams, and much more. It's the p

  2. PULSE Pilot Certification Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Pape-Lindstrom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The pilot certification process is an ambitious, nationwide endeavor designed to motivate important changes in life sciences education that are in line with the recommendations of the 2011 Vision and Change Report: A Call to Action (American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS], 2011.  It is the goal of the certification process to acknowledge departments that have progressed towards full implementation of the tenets of Vision and Change and to motivate departments that have not begun to adopt the recommendations to consider doing so.  More than 70 life science departments applied to be part of the pilot certification process, funded by a National Science Foundation grant, and eight were selected based on initial evidence of transformed and innovative educational practices.  The programs chosen represent a wide variety of schools, including two-year colleges, liberal-arts institutions, regional comprehensive colleges, research universities and minority serving institutions.  Outcomes from this pilot were released June 1, 2015 (www.pulsecommunity.org, with all eight programs being recognized as having progressed along a continuum of change.  Five levels of achievement were defined as PULSE Pilot Progression Levels.  Of the eight departments in the pilot, one achieved “PULSE Progression Level III: Accomplished”.  Six departments achieved “PULSE Progression Level II: Developing” and one pilot department achieved “PULSE Progression Level I: Beginning”.  All of the schools have made significant movement towards the recommendations of Vision and Change relative to a traditional life sciences curriculum.  Overall, the response from the eight pilot schools has been positive. 

  3. Are you considering organic certification?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organic certification was developed in recognition of the necessity for consistent standards across the U.S. for the benefit of producers, processors, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Prior to establishment of federal guidelines (National Organic Program) for organic certification in 2002, a ...

  4. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  5. Certification of district heating substations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-01-15

    These Technical Regulations, F:103-6, have been produced and published by the Swedish District Heating Association in conjunction with manufacturers. Approved testing is part of the process of obtaining certification for a district heating substation. In addition, the process includes a review of documentation and of the manufacturer's production inspection procedures. A certified unit fulfils the requirements set out in the Association's document F:101, General Technical Requirements. Until further notice, the Association has selected SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden for certification of district heating substations. Certification means that the quality and function/performance of a prefabricated district heating substation have been examined and approved. Certification test method F:103-6 includes both static and dynamic tests and inspections. Detailed information on the district heating substation and its properties is given in the certification test reports. The unique feature of this certification is that the test reports are in the public domain. This is possible because the Association has full right of insight into the certification process, and because testing is performed in accordance with test programmes and procedures decided by the Association. In this document (F: 103-6), the Association specifies what is to be reported when SP carries out inspections at the manufacturer's premises. This can include details of claims lodged with the manufacturer and/or non-compliances with the required specification of the district heating substation. Such cases will be considered by a Certification Panel. Test reports and certificates provide information on the district heating substation's properties and performance, which can be used when assessing the substations. The technical tests do not address the long-term properties of substations, but SP's inspection specifically includes visual examination and application of its

  6. 40 CFR 86.004-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.004-30 Section 86...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.004-30 Certification. Section 86.004-30 includes text... combination. Each certificate will certify compliance with no more than one set of in-use and certification...

  7. 19 CFR 10.180 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 10.180 Section 10.180 Customs... Frozen Beef § 10.180 Certification. (a) The foreign official's meat-inspection certificate required by U... certification below when fresh, chilled, or frozen beef is to be entered under the provisions of subheadings...

  8. 40 CFR 91.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 91.208 Section 91.208... Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Submit a statement that the engines for which certification is requested will not, to the best of the manufacturer's belief, cause the...

  9. 40 CFR 92.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 92.208 Section 92.208... POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Certification Provisions § 92.208 Certification. (a) This... the application for certification, test reports and data acquired from a freshly manufactured...

  10. 5 CFR 179.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 179.208 Section 179.208... Salary Offset § 179.208 Certification. (a) OPM salary offset coordinator shall provide a certification to... certification must be in writing and must state: (1) That the employee owes the debt; (2) The amount and basis...

  11. 2010 Guide to National Board Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This "Guide to National Board Certification" introduces teachers to the assessment process and provides them with useful information as they apply for National Board Certification or certification renewal, or order the "Take One!"[R] professional development kit. By participating in the National Board Certification process, teachers are joining…

  12. 40 CFR 85.1406 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 85.1406 Section 85.1406... POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Urban Bus Rebuild Requirements § 85.1406 Certification. (a) Certification... of this chapter or an approved alternative test procedure prescribed under § 85.1414. Certification...

  13. 40 CFR 121.24 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 121.24 Section 121.24 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS STATE CERTIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES REQUIRING A FEDERAL LICENSE OR PERMIT Certification by the Administrator § 121.24 Certification...

  14. 49 CFR 624.7 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 624.7 Section 624.7 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION CLEAN FUELS GRANT PROGRAM § 624.7 Certification. The applicant must use the certification contained in the Annual Notice of Assurances and Certifications published in the Federal Register each...

  15. 40 CFR 90.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 90.208 Section 90.208... EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 90.208 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must...

  16. 21 CFR 80.31 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 80.31 Section 80.31 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVE CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 80.31 Certification. (a) If the Commissioner determines, after such...

  17. 7 CFR 1216.70 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1216.70 Section 1216.70 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Certification of Peanut Producer Organizations § 1216.70 Certification. (a) Organizations receiving certification from the Secretary will be...

  18. 40 CFR 92.306 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 92.306 Section 92.306... POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 92.306 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer or remanufacturer must...

  19. 16 CFR 306.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 306.6 Section 306.6... RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Refiners, Importers and Producers § 306.6 Certification. In... half number equal to or less than the number determined by you. This letter of certification will be...

  20. 26 CFR 1.43-3 - Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification 1.43-3 Section 1.43-3 Internal... § 1.43-3 Certification (a) Petroleum engineer's certification of a project—(1) In general. A petroleum... requirements of section 43(c)(2)(A). A petroleum engineer's certification must be submitted for each project...

  1. 40 CFR 85.2108 - Dealer certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dealer certification. 85.2108 Section... Voluntary Aftermarket Part Certification Program § 85.2108 Dealer certification. (a) Upon the delivery of... failure. (e) The dealer certification required by this section shall not be construed as either a...

  2. 40 CFR 94.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 94.208 Section 94.208... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certification Provisions § 94.208 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the application for certification, test reports and data acquired from an engine or...

  3. 40 CFR 94.306 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 94.306 Section 94.306... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 94.306 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Declare its...

  4. 16 CFR 306.8 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 306.8 Section 306.8... RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Distributors § 306.8 Certification. If you are a distributor... with each transfer of automotive fuel, as outlined in § 306.6(a), or by using a letter of certification...

  5. 5 CFR 1639.24 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1639.24 Section 1639.24... Certification. (a) The Board will provide a certification to the paying agency in all cases in which: (1) The... to appear at a hearing. (b) The certification must be in writing and must include: (1) A statement...

  6. 40 CFR 89.209 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 89.209 Section 89.209... Provisions § 89.209 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Declare...) Submit a statement that the engines for which certification is requested will not, to the best of the...

  7. 40 CFR 745.89 - Firm certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Firm certification. 745.89 Section 745... § 745.89 Firm certification. (a) Initial certification. (1) Firms that perform renovations for compensation must apply to EPA for certification to perform renovations or dust sampling. To apply, a firm must...

  8. 47 CFR 1.1414 - State certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... shall give public notice thereof. (d) Certification shall be by order of the state regulatory body or by... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State certification. 1.1414 Section 1.1414... Procedures § 1.1414 State certification. (a) If the Commission does not receive certification from a state...

  9. 31 CFR 800.202 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.202 Certification. (a) The term certification means a written... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 800.202 Section 800... material respects, as it relates to: (i) The transaction, and (ii) The party providing the certification...

  10. 12 CFR 561.9 - Certificate account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate account. 561.9 Section 561.9 Banks... AFFECTING ALL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 561.9 Certificate account. The term certificate account means a savings account evidenced by a certificate that must be held for a fixed or minimum term. ...

  11. Topological data analysis of contagion maps for examining spreading processes on networks

    KAUST Repository

    Taylor, Dane

    2015-07-21

    Social and biological contagions are influenced by the spatial embeddedness of networks. Historically, many epidemics spread as a wave across part of the Earth\\'s surface; however, in modern contagions long-range edges - for example, due to airline transportation or communication media - allow clusters of a contagion to appear in distant locations. Here we study the spread of contagions on networks through a methodology grounded in topological data analysis and nonlinear dimension reduction. We construct \\'contagion maps\\' that use multiple contagions on a network to map the nodes as a point cloud. By analysing the topology, geometry and dimensionality of manifold structure in such point clouds, we reveal insights to aid in the modelling, forecast and control of spreading processes. Our approach highlights contagion maps also as a viable tool for inferring low-dimensional structure in networks.

  12. Dialysis technicians' perception of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Helen F; Garbin, Margery

    2015-03-01

    The Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission initiated this research project to study the viewpoint of dialysis technicians regarding the value of certification. A national convenience sample was obtained using both paper-and-pencil and online forms of the survey instrument. Demographic characteristics were obtained concerning age, race, ethnicity, education, and future employment planning. Technicians' primary work settings, the roles they fill, and the types of certification they hold are described. Incentives offered by employers are considered to explore how they contribute to job satisfaction. Understanding the perceptions of technicians regarding the benefits of certification and the limitations of workplace incentives should enable employers to improve their recruitment and retention programs. Information obtained may offer a baseline for future observations of the characteristics of these significant and essential contributors to the nephrology workforce.

  13. White certificate: how to launch the system?; Les certificats blancs: comment lancer le systeme?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    White certificates are a supple and suitable economical system for the quest of diffuse energy saving. It relies on the energy distribution networks and is complementary to other existing system (fiscality, regulation, etc). It is an open system, based on a market logics in order to make energy savings where they are the less costly. This document gathers the synthesis of the conference about white certificates, held in Paris in October 2005, the presentations (transparencies) given by J. Percebois (Creden) about the French system of energy savings and by P. Guyonnet (ATEE) about the way to launch the system of white certificates. The debate with the audience is also reported. (J.S.)

  14. CompTIA A+ certification all-in-one for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Clarke, Glen E

    2012-01-01

    Comprehensive coverage of everything you must know to pass CompTIA's A+ exam A+ is the gateway certification into many IT careers, and interest in certification is exploding. This bestselling A+ certification guide is updated to cover the new A+ exam. It includes the new Windows coverage and reflects the revised emphasis on objectives. Nine minibooks focus individually on specific hardware and OS characteristics including installation and configuration, diagnostics, preventive maintenance, motherboard and processors, printers, networking, and fundamentals. A companion website contains the popu

  15. Eco-Certification of Natural Rubber: Demand, Supply, and Potential Implications of Private Global Environmental Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, Sean

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, concern over the environmental impacts of natural rubber culti- vation has generated considerable interest in eco-certification, a form of private environ- mental regulation designed to encourage more sustainable land-use practices. This paper explores the emergence and potential sovereignty implications of this approach to envi- ronmental control with an emphasis on the natural rubber industry. I argue that although eco-certification is advocated as a form of networked gover...

  16. 14 CFR 21.175 - Airworthiness certificates: classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificates issued for aircraft type certificated in the normal, utility, acrobatic, commuter, or transport... of aircraft. (b) Special airworthiness certificates are primary, restricted, limited, light-sport...

  17. Certification and Job Task Analysis (JTA): Establishing validity of translator certification examinations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Koby, Geoffrey S; Melby, Alan K

    2013-01-01

    Translator certification examinations are offered by many entities worldwide. This article considers the question of how such examinations can be strengthened by applying certification theory and practice...

  18. Certification of training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Richard S.

    1994-01-01

    Training has been around as an informal process for countless years. Most higher order animals require some level of training in hunting, social skills, or other survival related skills to continue their existence beyond early infancy. Much of the training is accomplished through imitation, trial and error, and good luck. In some ways the essentials of training in aviation have not deviated from this original formula a great deal. One of the major changes in aviation and other technical areas is that more complex response chains based on a broader base of knowledge are now required. 'To certify' means many things according to the American Heritage dictionary of the English Language. These meanings range from 'to guarantee as meeting a standard' to 'to declare legally insane'. For this discussion, we will use the definition 'an action taken by some authoritative body that essentially guarantees that the instruction meets some defined standard'. In order to make this certification, the responsible body subjects the educational process, training, training device, or simulator to some type of examination to determine its adequacy or validity.

  19. CCNA Certification All-In-One For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Angelescu, Silviu

    2010-01-01

    A complete preparation guide for the entry-level networking CCNA certification. If you're planning to advance your career by taking the all-important Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA), this is the study guide you need! Seven minibooks cover all the concepts and topics on which you'll be tested, covering the latest version of the exam. Each part of the exam is covered thoroughly in its own section, so you can readily find the information you want to study. Plenty of review questions help you prepare, and the companion CD-ROM includes the highly rated Dummies Test Engine so you can test y

  20. Network diversity structure, closeness and innovation of South African micro-entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliada Wosu Griffin-EL

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study qualitatively explores the embeddedness of the innovation process of South African microbusinesses by investigating how small local entrepreneurs in the Greater Johannesburg area utilise their social networks to source entrepreneurial value. A comparative grounded theory analysis enabled the original conceptualisation of Network Diversity Structure and formulates the central proposition that the network dimensions of diversity and closeness enable the innovation process among manufacturing microbusinesses more so than in service microbusinesses.  Furthermore, the study proposes that both a structural and relational/experiential dimension of closeness, enables micro-entrepreneurs to create meaning and knowledge collaboratively with other entrepreneurs and actors. This socially facilitated process of exchanging ideas, information, and resources is central to the innovation process of firms traditionally limited by both their size and historical social institutions.

  1. Creating advanced health informatics certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadd, Cynthia S; Williamson, Jeffrey J; Steen, Elaine B; Fridsma, Douglas B

    2016-07-01

    In 2005, AMIA leaders and members concluded that certification of advanced health informatics professionals would offer value to individual practitioners, organizations that hire them, and society at large. AMIA's work to create advanced informatics certification began by leading a successful effort to create the clinical informatics subspecialty for American Board of Medical Specialties board-certified physicians. Since 2012, AMIA has been working to establish advanced health informatics certification (AHIC) for all health informatics practitioners regardless of their primary discipline. In November 2015, AMIA completed the first of 3 key tasks required to establish AHIC, with the AMIA Board of Directors' endorsement of proposed eligibility requirements. This AMIA Board white paper describes efforts to establish AHIC, reports on the current status of AHIC components, and provides a context for the proposed AHIC eligibility requirements. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Certification of ICTs in Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Barrat, Jordi; Bolo, Eden

    2015-01-01

    Information and communication technologies play a critical role in the administration and organization of modern elections. Any breakdown of an election technology, security breach or programming error can incur tremendous cost for the electoral management body (EMB)—and may undermine voters’ trust...... voting or tabulation systems. The key elements of quality control are certification and evaluation. Certification refers to the confirmation proof of compliance with a given standard. Evaluation is the most labour intensive part of the quality control process during which the requirements, designs......, starting during the feasibility study, and especially if it is bound by law to provide such a certification. The evaluation reports and related documents can also be used to increase the transparency of the election, improve the dialogue between EMBs and voters, and increase the EMB’s credibility....

  3. Human Factors for Flight Deck Certification Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    This document is a compilation of proceedings and lecture material on human : performance capabilities that was presented to FAA flight deck certification : personnel. A five-day series of lectures was developed to provide certification : specialists...

  4. 77 FR 73334 - Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to List of Certificates a Recognized...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 8 RIN 1625-AB90 Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate... to add the International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to the list of certificates that a... Alternatives regulations to add the International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to the list of...

  5. 42 CFR 493.55 - Application for registration certificate and certificate of accreditation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... annually (excluding waived tests and tests for quality control, quality assurance or proficiency testing... certificate of accreditation. 493.55 Section 493.55 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Certificate of Accreditation § 493.55 Application for registration certificate and certificate of...

  6. Translators and Interpreters Certification in Australia, Canada, the Usа and Ukraine: Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skyba Kateryna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the certification process by which potential translators and interpreters demonstrate minimum standards of performance to warrant official or professional recognition of their ability to translate or interpret and to practice professionally in Australia, Canada, the USA and Ukraine. The aim of the study is to research and to compare the certification procedures of translators and interpreters in Australia, Canada, the USA and Ukraine; to outline possible avenues of creating a certification system network in Ukraine. It has been revealed that there is great variation in minimum requirements for practice, availability of training facilities and formal bodies that certify practitioners and that monitor and advance specialists’ practices in the countries. Certification can be awarded by governmental or non-governmental organizations or associations of professionals in the field of translation/interpretation. Testing has been acknowledged as the usual avenue for candidates to gain certification. There are less popular grounds to get certification such as: completed training, presentation of previous relevant experience, and/or recommendations from practicing professionals or service-user. The comparative analysis has revealed such elements of the certification procedures and national conventions in the researched countries that may form a basis for Ukrainian translators/interpreters certifying system and make it a part of a cross-national one.

  7. Recreating the Banana Grower: The Role of Private Certification Systems in the Windward Islands Banana Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haakon Aasprong

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Private standards and certification schemes in agrifood networks tend to be de-scribed as neoliberal, suggesting that they share a common understanding of that which they seek to govern and the tools to be used. Although such certification systems do have many features in common, this article argues that much is to be learned by contrasting certification systems with regard to their ideational ground-ings. Through a historically grounded discussion of the adoption and implementa-tion of two certification systems – GLOBALGAP and Fairtrade – in the Wind-ward Islands banana industry, it is argued that there are important differences with regard to how the systems envision shared key concepts such as accountability, adaptability, professionalism and not least sustainability. These differences permeate the standards as well as their enforcement structures, demonstrating a flexibility in certification as governmental technology which is often overlooked. Moreover, the article explores how the certification systems’ governmental rationalities articulate with local understandings of the role of farmers and agriculture in the Windward Islands, arguing that the tension existing between the visions embedded in the systems mirrors a tension within these islands societies. This tension preceded the adoption of the certification systems and continues to influence their implementation today.

  8. Modeling landowner behavior regarding forest certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    David C. Mercker; Donald G. Hodges

    2008-01-01

    Nonindustrial private forest owners in western Tennessee were surveyed to assess their awareness, acceptance, and perceived benefits of forest certification. More than 80 percent of the landowners indicated a willingness to consider certification for their lands. A model was created to explain landowner behavior regarding their willingness to consider certification....

  9. National Board Certification: Is Renewal Worth It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petty, Teresa M.; O'Connor, Katherine A.; Dagenhart, Diana B.; Good, Amy J.

    2007-01-01

    As the first National Board Certificate Teachers (NBCTs) reached the end of their initial ten-year certification, members of this group were surveyed to ascertain the impact National Board Certification has had on their careers and on their students' learning, as well as their intentions toward renewal. Respondents overwhelmingly reported that…

  10. 12 CFR 4.65 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 4.65 Section 4.65 Banks and...; Contracting for Goods and Services § 4.65 Certification. (a) Objective. To preserve the integrity and foster... MWOB certification received from another government agency whose definition of MWOB is substantially...

  11. 47 CFR 76.912 - Joint certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Joint certification. 76.912 Section 76.912... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.912 Joint certification. (a) Franchising authorities may apply for joint certification and may engage in joint regulation, including, but not limited to...

  12. 40 CFR 86.007-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.007-30 Section 86...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.007-30 Certification. (a)(1)(i) If, after a review of... compliance with no more than one set of in-use and certification standards (or family emission limits, as...

  13. 28 CFR 7.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 7.5 Section 7.5 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REWARDS FOR CAPTURE OF ESCAPED FEDERAL PRISONERS § 7.5 Certification. The claim letter required under § 7.4 shall contain the following certification immediately proceeding the...

  14. 16 CFR 309.11 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 309.11 Section 309.11... Manufacturers of Electric Vehicle Fuel Dispensing Systems § 309.11 Certification. (a) For non-liquid alternative.... This letter of certification will be good until you transfer non-liquid alternative vehicle fuel (other...

  15. 40 CFR 68.185 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 68.185 Section 68.185... ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.185 Certification. (a) For Program 1 processes, the owner or operator shall submit in the RMP the certification statement provided in § 68.12(b)(4...

  16. 47 CFR 2.907 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 2.907 Section 2.907... RULES AND REGULATIONS Equipment Authorization Procedures General Provisions § 2.907 Certification. (a) Certification is an equipment authorization issued by the Commission, based on representations and test data...

  17. 14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 183.13 Section 183.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ADMINISTRATOR Certification of Representatives § 183.13 Certification. (a...

  18. 12 CFR 517.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 517.6 Section 517.6 Banks and... Certification. In order to qualify as an Outreach Program participant, each business or contractor must either... Program Advocate a completed and signed ABELS Registration/Certification Form, as prescribed by the U.S...

  19. 16 CFR 1202.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1202.5 Section 1202.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MATCHBOOKS § 1202.5 Certification. Certification shall be in accordance with section 14(a) of...

  20. 16 CFR 803.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 803.6 Section 803.6... HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.6 Certification. (a) The... section 7A(e) and § 803.20 shall be accompanied by a certification in the format appearing at the end of...

  1. 16 CFR 309.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 309.13 Section 309.13... Dispensing Systems § 309.13 Certification. (a) If you are a distributor of non-liquid alternative vehicle... with each transfer of fuel, as outlined in § 309.11(a)(1), or by using a letter of certification, as...

  2. 42 CFR 411.373 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 411.373 Section 411.373 Public... Entities Furnishing Designated Health Services § 411.373 Certification. (a) Every request must include the following signed certification: “With knowledge of the penalties for false statements provided by 18 U.S.C...

  3. 33 CFR 274.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 274.5 Section 274... PEST CONTROL PROGRAM FOR CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Project Operation § 274.5 Certification. Under the... certification of pesticide applicators through its development of a single Government Agency Plan (GAP). By...

  4. 7 CFR 1730.26 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1730.26 Section 1730.26 Agriculture... ELECTRIC SYSTEM OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Operations and Maintenance Requirements § 1730.26 Certification. (a) Engineer's certification. Where provided for in the borrower's loan documents, RUS may require...

  5. 7 CFR 800.118 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 800.118 Section 800.118 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD... Services § 800.118 Certification. Official certificates shall be issued according to § 800.160. Upon...

  6. 30 CFR 955.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 955.15 Section 955.15 Mineral... CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS IN FEDERAL PROGRAM STATES AND ON INDIAN LANDS § 955.15 Certification. (a) Processing of application. (1) Upon receiving an...

  7. 40 CFR 89.122 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 89.122 Section 89.122... EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 89.122 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's application, request for...

  8. 40 CFR 90.108 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 90.108 Section 90.108... EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 90.108 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's submitted application...

  9. 2009 Guide to National Board Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "Guide to National Board Certification" introduces teachers to the assessment process and provides them with useful information as they apply for National Board Certification or order the "Take One![R]" professional development kit. By participating in the National Board Certification process, participants are joining tens of thousands of…

  10. 10 CFR 55.23 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 55.23 Section 55.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Medical Requirements § 55.23 Certification. To certify... complete and sign NRC Form 396, “Certification of Medical Examination by Facility Licensee,” which can be...

  11. 47 CFR 76.1502 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 76.1502 Section 76.1502... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1502 Certification. (a) An operator of an open video... certification prior to the commencement of service at such a point in time that would allow the applicant...

  12. 40 CFR 157.34 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 157.34 Section 157.34... REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.34 Certification. (a) General. (1) The... that the package meets the standards of § 157.32. (2) Certification must be submitted with each...

  13. 40 CFR 86.437-78 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.437-78 Section 86... Later New Motorcycles, General Provisions § 86.437-78 Certification. (a) New motorcycles produced by a... certification is sought) are covered by the following: (1) The manufacturer shall submit to the Administrator a...

  14. 15 CFR 996.22 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 996.22 Section 996.22... AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR...

  15. 49 CFR 178.337-18 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 178.337-18 Section 178.337-18... Specifications for Containers for Motor Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-18 Certification. (a) At or before the...) and (b) without the original date of certification stamped on the specification plate. Prior...

  16. 77 FR 70176 - Previous Participation Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Previous Participation Certification AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer... digital submission of all data and certifications is available via HUD's secure Internet systems. However...: Previous Participation Certification. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0118. Form Numbers: HUD-2530 . Description...

  17. 21 CFR 1010.2 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 1010.2 Section 1010.2 Food and... HEALTH PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS: GENERAL General Provisions § 1010.2 Certification..., the certification that such product conforms to all applicable standards under this subchapter. (b...

  18. 19 CFR 10.584 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 10.584 Section 10.584 Customs... States Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.584 Certification. (a) General. An importer who makes a claim under § 10.583(b) of this subpart based on a certification of the importer, exporter, or...

  19. 33 CFR 135.215 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 135.215 Section... Financial Responsibility for Offshore Facilities § 135.215 Certification. (a) Applicants shall: (1) If the...) If any of the information submitted for certification is determined by the Fund Administrator to be...

  20. 14 CFR 217.7 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 217.7 Section 217.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC... NONSCHEDULED SERVICES § 217.7 Certification. The certification for BTS Form 41 Schedule T-100(f) shall be...

  1. Alternative Certification Pathways: Filling a Gap?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludlow, Carlyn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the proliferation of alternative certification pathways through an analysis of the role and history of teacher certification and supply followed by a synthesis of national, regional, and state research studies on alternative routes to certification programs and a review of studies conducted on well-known…

  2. 49 CFR 212.107 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 212.107 Section 212.107... Certification. (a) Scope. In the event the FRA and the State agency do not agree on terms for the participation... the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970, the State shall file an annual certification with respect to...

  3. 40 CFR 91.108 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 91.108 Section 91.108... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 91.108 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's submitted application, or with respect to an...

  4. 14 CFR 121.919 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 121.919 Section 121.919... AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Advanced Qualification Program § 121.919 Certification. A person...

  5. 49 CFR 178.338-19 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 178.338-19 Section 178.338-19... Specifications for Containers for Motor Vehicle Transportation § 178.338-19 Certification. (a) At or before the... the date (month, year) of certification. The registration numbers of the manufacturer, the Design...

  6. 7 CFR 29.9203 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 29.9203 Section 29.9203 Agriculture... INSPECTION Policy Statement and Regulations Governing the Identification and Certification of Nonquota Tobacco Produced and Marketed in a Quota Area Definitions § 29.9203 Certification. The documentation of...

  7. Forest Certification in the Northeast and Midwest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eric Hansen; Stephen Bratkovich

    Forest certification, often referred to as green certification, is a controversial topic in the United States. However, certification is an expanding program in the 20 Northeastern and Midwestern states. It is an important issue for forest managers, woodland owners and the wood-using industry to follow. This article provides a brief overview, as well as discusses...

  8. 75 FR 71454 - NIJ Certification Programs Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... of Justice Programs NIJ Certification Programs Workshop AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Meeting of the NIJ Certification Programs Workshop. SUMMARY: The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is hosting a Certification Programs Workshop to introduce NIJ standards for law enforcement...

  9. 7 CFR 205.404 - Granting certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... must issue a certificate of organic operation which specifies the: (1) Name and address of the..., Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.404 Granting certification. (a) Within a reasonable...

  10. Certification and the Branding of HRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul

    2012-01-01

    Although calls continue to establish certification, several certifications for human resource development (HRD) practitioners already exist, although none use the name HRD. This Forum explores what those certification programs are and what their availability means to the development of the HRD "brand" (the impressions of the service derived from…

  11. 34 CFR 668.13 - Certification procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... section, “provisional certification” means that the Secretary certifies that an institution has... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification procedures. 668.13 Section 668.13... Title IV, HEA Programs § 668.13 Certification procedures. (a) Requirements for certification. (1) The...

  12. 48 CFR 1609.471 - Contractor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... certification, means officers; directors; owners; partners; and persons having primary management or supervisory... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contractor certification..., Suspension, and Ineligibility 1609.471 Contractor certification. All FEHBP carriers and applicant carriers...

  13. 22 CFR 1421.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RELATIONS BOARD AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY MEANING OF TERMS AS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 1421.13 Certification. Certification means the determination by the Board, its agents... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification. 1421.13 Section 1421.13 Foreign...

  14. 5 CFR 2421.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY MEANING OF TERMS AS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 2421.13 Certification. Certification means the determination by the Authority, its agents or representatives, of the results of an... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 2421.13 Section 2421.13...

  15. 46 CFR 109.439 - Crane certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certificates. 109.439 Section 109.439 Shipping... Reports, Notifications, and Records Records § 109.439 Crane certificates. The master or person in charge shall insure that the following certificates and records for each crane are maintained on the unit: (a...

  16. Social networks of experientially similar others: formation, activation, and consequences of network ties on the health care experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gage, Elizabeth A

    2013-10-01

    Research documents that interactions among experientially similar others (individuals facing a common stressor) shape health care behavior and ultimately health outcomes. However, we have little understanding of how ties among experientially similar others are formed, what resources and information flows through these networks, and how network embeddedness shapes health care behavior. This paper uses in-depth interviews with 76 parents of pediatric cancer patients to examine network ties among experientially similar others after a serious medical diagnosis. Interviews were conducted between August 2009 and May 2011. Findings demonstrate that many parents formed ties with other families experiencing pediatric cancer, and that information and resources were exchanged during the everyday activities associated with their child's care. Network flows contained emotional support, caregiving strategies, information about second opinions, health-related knowledge, and strategies for navigating the health care system. Diffusion of information, resources, and support occurred through explicit processes (direct information and support exchanges) and implicit processes (parents learning through observing other families). Network flows among parents shaped parents' perceptions of the health care experience and their role in their child's care. These findings contribute to the social networks and social support literatures by elucidating the mechanisms through which network ties among experientially similar others influence health care behavior and experiences. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Global Innovation in Foreign Subsidiaries: The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Corporate Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Costa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to show the differentiated moderating role of integration between the headquarters and subsidiary companies to explain the potential of local innovations becoming global innovations. Throughout the framework and hypotheses, we propose two global innovation development processes. In order to test them, we analyzed a sample of 172 subsidiaries from the structural equations technique to test the hypotheses and multiple-groups comparison in order to evaluate the moderating effect of subsidiaries embeddedness. The results confirm the adherence of a presented process: entrepreneurial orientation is associated with local innovation when moderated by embeddedness. In turn, this local innovation has great potential to become a global innovation. Another result diverged from the one presented in the hypotheses, but it has an important contribution. The result shows that the entrepreneurial orientation is associated with the inclusion of the subsidiary in the network, which has the potential of developing global innovation, but to do so it would have to be a radical or disruptive innovation.

  18. Teacher Certification/Preparation Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotter, Rita

    1990-01-01

    Presents guidelines for general and theater specialist K-12 teacher certification developed by the American Alliance for Theatre Education and the Speech Communication Association. Advocates that all teachers have preparation in arts and communication and that theater and communication specialists continue to be trained. (SR)

  19. Sleep medicine certification and accreditation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlin, Brian W

    2010-10-01

    Sleep-disorders medicine is undergoing substantial evolution in terms of testing and therapy. In order to ensure that the providers of care for patients with sleep disorders provide quality and safe care, various types of individual certification and sleep-disorders-center accreditation programs have been developed. These programs should help to ensure optimal patient care.

  20. Reducing e-commerce risks using digital certificates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piščević Miloš

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce means buying and selling goods and services across the Internet. Secured communication in e-commerce, across unsecured medium, such as the Internet, represents one of the major components in a domain of providing necessary security- critical demands, so the flow of information could go in a secure way. The Internet, as a global computer network must provide five major security services: confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, availability, and non-repudiation of information. Without guaranteeing aformentioned security goals, risks may be very high in e-commerce systems. A possible way to reduce these risks is to use digital certificates. Digital certificates provide a means of proving identity in electronic transactions, and from the point of view of computer communication they are irreplacable, but nevertheless they provide a good mechanism for implementing the major part of this security goal, and therefore, their usage in e-commerce is the major topic of this paper.

  1. A robust certification service for highly dynamic MANET in emergency tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ge, M; Lam, K Y; Gollmann, Dieter

    2009-01-01

    public keys in our scenario. For issuance and/or revocation of mission-specific certificate, a Mission-specific Certificate Authority (MCA), which consists of a collection of server nodes to operate the threshold cryptographic scheme, is proposed. Furthermore, to cater for the occurrence of network......-installed communication infrastructure. Owing to potential threats in the field environment and the unique features of MANET (e.g. the open nature of wireless links and the absence of security infrastructure), security of communications over MANET is a serious issue that is typically addressed by asymmetric cryptographic...... mechanisms. In this paper, we tackle issues critical to asymmetric key management in MANET, which almost invariably serves as a basis of security services in a network environment. To address the deficiencies of existing key management schemes, we propose the concept of mission-specific certificate to manage...

  2. THE RATIONALE BEHIND WEAKLY TIED NETWORKING OF THE BANGLADESHI DIASPORA IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nayeem

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an exploration of the survival strategies of the Bangladeshi Diaspora in Malaysia. To cope with the realities, Bangladeshi migrants develop different forms of survival strategies. As a result intra and inter-ethnic strong and weak ties are formed in the receiving country. Empirical analysis depicts that respondents with weak ties have higher income mobility than those with strong ties. It also demonstrates that the Bangladeshi migrants of the study areas do not restrict themselves only to their close social networks; rather they develop distant networks for higher social mobility. Or in other words, though the ideal socio-cultural model emphasizes community cohesion (something that can be conceptualized as an example of a tightly structured social system, the actual behavior of the Bangladeshi migrants indicates a loosely or disintegrated social system. Migrant's embeddedness in the ongoing social relations and power structures regulates the nature and strength of these ties.

  3. MLA certification: the certification program and education for medical librarianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libbey, M H

    1967-01-01

    The certification program was formally adopted by the Medical Library Association in 1948 in an attempt to establish standards for medical librarians. The program is reviewed, and some of its effects on education for medical librarians are discussed. At the time of its adoption the program defined the kind of education librarians in the field thought necessary for work in medical libraries. New techniques and a shortage of personnel demand consideration of new educational programs, and the Medical Library Assistance Act will provide the means for their establishment. The Association should assume leadership in determining what and where these programs should be and should evaluate its certification and standards programs as often as current needs require.

  4. A social network model of supply chain management in formal and informal inter-firm engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lokhman Hakim Osman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: This research looks into the different effects of firms' network structural positions in an upstream supply network upon the firms' level of relational capital outcomes.  Previous research has largely focus on the context of decentralized network structure.  However, the supply network is a centralized network because of the existence of the focal firm.  The existence of the focal firm may influence the impact of relational capital outcomes.  Methods: The objective of this research is to determine the type of network structural positions required to obtain reasonable relational capital outcome in upstream supply network.  Results and conclusions: This study found that, network structural positions i.e. betweeness centrality contributed to firms' level of relational capital influence. In conclusion, firms, embedded in upstream supply network benefits differently in terms of relational capital through different degree of embeddedness.  Firms' resources should be re-aligned to match the benefits with the different network structural positions.

  5. Certification of Automated Transport Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Van Dijke, Jan; Van Schijndel, Margriet; Nashashibi, Fawzi; de La Fortelle, Arnaud

    2012-01-01

    International audience; The CityMobil project "Towards advanced transport for the urban environment" aims at achieving a more effective organisation of urban transport, resulting in a more rational use of motorised traffic with less congestion and pollution, safer driving, a higher quality of living and an enhanced integration with spatial development. This paper describes a certification procedure for automated transport systems, developed in various European research projects and completed ...

  6. Thermodynamic indicators for environmental certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzieri, Margherita; Porcelli, Marcello; Pulselli, Federico Maria

    2002-09-01

    The Earth is an open thermodynamic system, that remains in a steady state far from the equilibrium, through energy and matter exchanges with the surrounding environment. These natural constraints, which prevent the system from maximizing its entropy, are threatened by human action and our ecosystem needs urgent protection. In this viewpoint the environmental certification was born, according to international standards ISO 14001, ISO 14040, and European Regulation EMAS. These are voluntary adhesions to a program of environmental protection by companies, administrations and organizations which, starting from the respect of the existing environmental laws and regulations, decide to further improve their environmental performance. To obtain and maintain certification of a system is necessary to apply some indicators to evaluate its environmental performance and to demonstrate its progressive improvement. Here we propose to use for this purpose the thermodynamic indicators produced from energy analysis by Odum. The case study is Montalcino city (Italy) and energy indicators are used to evaluate environmental performance of this system where exist different activities, from agricultural productions, to tourism. Results show that energy analysis could become a valid standard monitoring method for environmental certification, especially in consideration of its wide application field.

  7. The Meaning of National Board Certification for Middle Grades Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Holly J.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses what board certification through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards entails for middle school teachers. Describes the certification areas, provides a rationale for seeking certification, describes components of the certification process, and discusses the impact of certification related to credibility and support of…

  8. 45 CFR 170.410 - Types of testing and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of testing and certification. 170.410... CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Temporary Certification Program for HIT § 170.410 Types... perform the following types of testing and certification: (a) Complete EHR testing and certification; and...

  9. Peer Effects and Voluntary Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueming Qiu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Empirical evidence is provided to show that peer effects have statistically significant and positive impacts on the diffusion of green building certificates. Application and approval records of green certificates by commercial buildings in NY and AZ are used. The challenge of self-selection is addressed by the usage of fixed effects and the challenge of reflection is addressed by the time lag delay between a building’s application and its approval. Empirical results show that an additional approved LEED certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for a LEED certificate by 3–4 percentage points; an additional approved Energy Star certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for an Energy Star certificate by 1–2 percentage points.

  10. DB2 9 Fundamentals Certification Study Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Sanders, Roger E

    2007-01-01

    Starting with the certification process itself and ending with the concept of isolation levels and locking, this guide covers everything needed to know to pass the DB2 9 Fundamentals Certification Exam (Exam 730). The prerequisite for all intermediate and follow-on DB2 certifications, XML usage, basic table creation, a rich set of sample questions, and detailed answers are all included, forming the foundation for understanding the newest version of IBM's flagship database product. Regardless of what future certification path the reader is planning on pursuing, this study guide will chart a cou

  11. Investigating weaknesses in Android certificate security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krych, Daniel E.; Lange-Maney, Stephen; McDaniel, Patrick; Glodek, William

    2015-05-01

    Android's application market relies on secure certificate generation to establish trust between applications and their users; yet, cryptography is often not a priority for application developers and many fail to take the necessary security precautions. Indeed, there is cause for concern: several recent high-profile studies have observed a pervasive lack of entropy on Web-systems leading to the factorization of private keys.1 Sufficient entropy, or randomness, is essential to generate secure key pairs and combat predictable key generation. In this paper, we analyze the security of Android certificates. We investigate the entropy present in 550,000 Android application certificates using the Quasilinear GCD finding algorithm.1 Our results show that while the lack of entropy does not appear to be as ubiquitous in the mobile markets as on Web-systems, there is substantial reuse of certificates only one third of the certificates in our dataset were unique. In other words, we find that organizations frequently reuse certificates for different applications. While such a practice is acceptable under Google's specifications for a single developer, we find that in some cases the same certificates are used for a myriad of developers, potentially compromising Android's intended trust relationships. Further, we observed duplicate certificates being used by both malicious and non-malicious applications. The top 3 repeated certificates present in our dataset accounted for a total of 11,438 separate APKs. Of these applications, 451, or roughly 4%, were identified as malicious by antivirus services.

  12. The influence of trade associations and group certification programs on the hardwood certification movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iris B. Montague

    2013-01-01

    Forest certification has gained momentum around the world over the past two decades. Although there are advantages to being certified, many forest landowners and forest products manufacturers consider forest certification of U.S. forest and forest products unnecessary. Many believe that U.S. forests are already sustainably managed, the current certification systems are...

  13. Efficient Certificate Verification for Vehicle-to-Grid Communications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akkaya, Kemal [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Saputro, Nico [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Tonyali, Samet [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Cebe, Mumin [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Mahmoud, Mohamed [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States)

    2017-07-19

    While public charging stations are typically used for Electric Vehicle (EV) such as charging, home microgrids that may act as private charging stations are also expected to be used for meeting the increased EV charging demands in the future. Such home microgrids can be accessible through their smart meters, which makes advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) a viable alternative for vehicle-to-grid (V2G) communications. However, to ensure secure V2G communications using public-keys, smart meters will need to maintain certificate revocation lists (CRLs) not just for the AMI network but also for large number of EVs that may interact with them. For resource-constrained smart meters, this will increase the storage requirements and introduce additional overhead in terms of delay and CRL maintenance. To eliminate this burden, we propose keeping merely non-revoked certificates that belong to EVs, which are usually driven within the vicinity of that particular microgrid. The motivation comes from the fact that it is inefficient to distribute and store a large CRL that has revocation information about all EVs in the whole system as most of these EVs will never come to the geographic vicinity of that home microgrid. The approach ensures that any status changes of these certificates are communicated to the smart meters. We implemented the proposed approach in a realistic V2G communication scenario by using IEEE 802.11s mesh as the underlying AMI infrastructure using ns-3 simulator. The results confirmed that the proposed approach significantly reduces the certificate verification time and the storage requirements on smart meters.

  14. GNS3 network simulation guide

    CERN Document Server

    Welsh, Chris

    2013-01-01

    GNS3 Network Simulation Guide is an easy-to-follow yet comprehensive guide which is written in a tutorial format helping you grasp all the things you need for accomplishing your certification or simulation goal. If you are a networking professional who wants to learn how to simulate networks using GNS3, this book is ideal for you. The introductory examples within the book only require minimal networking knowledge, but as the book progresses onto more advanced topics, users will require knowledge of TCP/IP and routing.

  15. Harmonisation of wind turbine certification in Europe JOULE project EWTC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nath, C. [Germanischer Lloyd, Hamburg (Germany); Eriksson, C. [Det Norske Veritas, Hellerup (Denmark); Hulle, F. van [Frans van Hulle, Petten (Netherlands); Skamris, C. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Stam, W. [CIWI Holland, Arnheim (Netherlands); Vionis, P. [CRES, Attki (Greece)

    1999-03-01

    Wind turbine certification requirements are currently fairly divers within Europe. Therefore the leading European certification bodies initiated a JOULE project to harmonise the certification procedure on the basis of the current set of IEC/EN 61400 series standards. The paper presents a review of the state of the art of wind turbine certification in European countries and an outline of the sturcture of the project. The main steps of the project are (a) the collection of differences in certification practices by round robin certification of three wind turbine types; (b) assessment of the different certification results and (c) the development of a harmonised certification procedure. (au) EU-JOULE-3. 19 refs.

  16. 24 CFR 1710.503 - Notice of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT (INTERSTATE LAND SALES REGISTRATION PROGRAM) LAND REGISTRATION Certification of... Application for Certification of Land Sales Program shall be published in the Federal Register. (d) A state's...

  17. 14 CFR 137.19 - Certification requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... private, commercial, or airline transport pilot certificate and be properly rated for the aircraft to be used. (c) Commercial operator—pilots. The applicant must have available the services of at least one person who holds a current U.S. commercial or airline transport pilot certificate and who is properly...

  18. 40 CFR 86.094-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.094-30 Certification. (a)(1)(i) If, after a review of... by paragraphs (a) (1) (ii) and (c) of this section. (ii) Gasoline-fueled and methanol-fueled heavy... Uinta Washakie Weston (6) Catalyst-equipped vehicles, otherwise covered by a certificate, which are...

  19. 24 CFR 242.40 - Mortgagee certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgagee certificate. 242.40... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Endorsement for Insurance § 242.40 Mortgagee certificate. At initial...

  20. 50 CFR 222.202 - Certificate renewal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... whom a Certificate of Exemption has been issued by the National Marine Fisheries Service may apply to... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate renewal. 222.202 Section 222.202 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC...

  1. 40 CFR 86.001-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.001-30 Section 86.001-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.001-30 Certification. Section 86.001-30 includes text...

  2. 29 CFR 501.47 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 501.47 Section 501.47 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF... AND NATIONALITY ACT Administrative Proceedings Record § 501.47 Certification. Upon receipt of a...

  3. 28 CFR 47.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 47.5 Section 47.5 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 47.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request, an official of a rank designated by...

  4. 30 CFR 75.1201 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 75.1201 Section 75.1201 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Maps § 75.1201 Certification. Such map shall be made or certified...

  5. 29 CFR 502.47 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 502.47 Section 502.47 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF... AND NATIONALITY ACT (SUSPENDED 6-29-2009) Administrative Proceedings Record § 502.47 Certification...

  6. 31 CFR 14.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 14.5 Section 14.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 14.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request, an...

  7. 29 CFR 19.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification. 19.5 Section 19.5 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 19.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request, a senior official designated by the head of the requesting...

  8. 40 CFR 86.098-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.098-30 Section 86.098-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.098-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(18) (a)(19) For all...

  9. 40 CFR 86.096-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.096-30 Section 86.096-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.096-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(14) (a)(15) For all...

  10. 48 CFR 25.702-2 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 25.702-2 Section 25.702-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.702-2 Certification. As required by the Sudan...

  11. 46 CFR 160.073-5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 160.073-5 Section 160.073-5 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS... Certification. (a) The float-free link is not approved by the Coast Guard. The manufacturer of the link must...

  12. 40 CFR 86.095-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.095-30 Section 86.095-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.095-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(3) (4)(i)-(iii) (a)(4...

  13. 47 CFR 95.851 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 95.851 Section 95.851 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES 218-219 MHz Service Technical Standards § 95.851 Certification. Each CTS and RTU transmitter must...

  14. Increasing certification through unit-based education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer-Cartlidge, Erica; Mahon, Suzanne

    2014-04-01

    Certification has been identified by multiple organizations as an important component and means of elevating the level of nursing care provided to patients and demonstrating to the public that the nursing staff has subspecialty knowledge. Certification may lead to improved patient satisfaction and outcomes as well as increased nurse satisfaction and retention. Despite the known potential benefits associated with certification, institutions struggle to improve certification rates. One possible method to overcome system barriers to certification is the implementation of a unit-based study course to prepare nurses for the Certified Breast Care Nurse (CBCN) examination. Data collected by an author-developed tool as one institution created and executed a unit-based study course suggest that such an approach increased certification rates and improved disease-specific knowledge and confidence among the staff, despite no official data existing on the tool's reliability and validity. Implementation of similar programs may be successful in improving certification at other institutions seeking to raise certification rates.

  15. 9 CFR 98.5 - Health certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... origin, or issued by a veterinarian designated or accredited by the national government of the region of... of origin, representing that the veterinarian issuing the certificate was authorized to do so. The... contamination of the embryo with infectious animal disease organisms. (b) The certificate accompanying sheep or...

  16. General certification procedure of formation organizations

    CERN Document Server

    Int. At. Energy Agency, Wien

    2002-01-01

    This document presents the procedure dealing with the certification of formation organizations dispensing the formation and the risks prevention to the personnel of A or B category in nuclear facilities. This certification proves the organization ability to satisfy the ''F'' specification of the CEFRI. (A.L.B.)

  17. 49 CFR 179.11 - Welding certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Welding certification. 179.11 Section 179.11 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... Design Requirements § 179.11 Welding certification. (a) Welding procedures, welders and fabricators shall...

  18. 9 CFR 151.4 - Pedigree certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... record of transfers of ownership from the breeder to and including the United States importer, or a complete record of transfers of ownership from the breeder to and including the person who owns the animal... English in the pedigree certificate for the animal or in a separate certificate appended to the pedigree...

  19. 37 CFR 2.45 - Certification mark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification mark. 2.45 Section 2.45 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES The Written Application § 2.45 Certification mark. (a) In an...

  20. 14 CFR 21.191 - Experimental certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... compliance for issuance of type and supplemental type certificates, flights to substantiate major design....184(a). (i) Operating light-sport aircraft. Operating a light-sport aircraft that— (1) Has not been... certificate in the light-sport category under § 21.190. ...

  1. A National Standard for Outdoor Leadership Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockrell, David; LaFollette, Jude

    1985-01-01

    As the number of outdoor and adventure organizations using wild lands increases, certification of outdoor leaders is perhaps one technique to increase awareness of potential wilderness hazards and to minimize damage to wilderness areas. The Wilderness Education Association's certification is described. (MT)

  2. 13 CFR 120.1708 - Pool Certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pool Certificates. 120.1708 Section 120.1708 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Establishment... amount of a Pool Certificate cannot be less than a minimum amount as specified in the Guide, and the...

  3. 19 CFR 115.67 - Approval certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Approval certificate. 115.67 Section 115.67 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARGO CONTAINER AND ROAD VEHICLE CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMS CONVENTIONS...

  4. 5 CFR 1330.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 1330.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be... § 430.210, as applicable. In some agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in many...

  5. 5 CFR 430.404 - Certification criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the conclusion of the appraisal period but before individual senior employee performance ratings are... employee appraisal process take into account, as appropriate, the agency's assessment of its performance... MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 430.404 Certification criteria. (a) To be...

  6. 5 CFR 430.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 430.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be certified by OPM, with OMB concurrence, as... agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in many organizations and/or components, and...

  7. Regional forestry practices and forest management certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steverson O. Moffat; Frederick W. Cubbage; Matthew H. Pelkki

    2001-01-01

    Under a "mandated" management scenario, landowners in states with comprehensive forest practices laws meet more sustainable forestry standards and certification programs' guidelines than do owners in states with other regulatory approaches. This confers certification advantages to landowners in the Pacific Northwest where comprehensive forest laws...

  8. 40 CFR 82.161 - Technician certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... Programs are encouraged to make provisions for non-English speaking technicians by providing tests in other languages or allowing the use of a translator when taking the test. If a translator is used, the certificate... test offered by a training and certification program approved under § 82.40. (6) Apprentices are exempt...

  9. Certification Considerations for Adaptive Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha; Cofer, Darren; Musliner, David J.; Mueller, Joseph; Engstrom, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Advanced capabilities planned for the next generation of aircraft, including those that will operate within the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), will necessarily include complex new algorithms and non-traditional software elements. These aircraft will likely incorporate adaptive control algorithms that will provide enhanced safety, autonomy, and robustness during adverse conditions. Unmanned aircraft will operate alongside manned aircraft in the National Airspace (NAS), with intelligent software performing the high-level decision-making functions normally performed by human pilots. Even human-piloted aircraft will necessarily include more autonomy. However, there are serious barriers to the deployment of new capabilities, especially for those based upon software including adaptive control (AC) and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. Current civil aviation certification processes are based on the idea that the correct behavior of a system must be completely specified and verified prior to operation. This report by Rockwell Collins and SIFT documents our comprehensive study of the state of the art in intelligent and adaptive algorithms for the civil aviation domain, categorizing the approaches used and identifying gaps and challenges associated with certification of each approach.

  10. Mapping information flow in sensorimotor networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Lungarella

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Biological organisms continuously select and sample information used by their neural structures for perception and action, and for creating coherent cognitive states guiding their autonomous behavior. Information processing, however, is not solely an internal function of the nervous system. Here we show, instead, how sensorimotor interaction and body morphology can induce statistical regularities and information structure in sensory inputs and within the neural control architecture, and how the flow of information between sensors, neural units, and effectors is actively shaped by the interaction with the environment. We analyze sensory and motor data collected from real and simulated robots and reveal the presence of information structure and directed information flow induced by dynamically coupled sensorimotor activity, including effects of motor outputs on sensory inputs. We find that information structure and information flow in sensorimotor networks (a is spatially and temporally specific; (b can be affected by learning, and (c can be affected by changes in body morphology. Our results suggest a fundamental link between physical embeddedness and information, highlighting the effects of embodied interactions on internal (neural information processing, and illuminating the role of various system components on the generation of behavior.

  11. Network Benefits for Ghanaian Diaspora and Returnee Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharon Doreen Mayer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this paper is to investigate how diaspora and returnee entrepreneurs use networks in the country of origin (COO and country of residence (COR and which benefits they gain from such networks. Research Design & Methods: In the face of the early state of research and the complexity of the subject, exploratory case study research was chosen. One case was conducted with a Ghanaian diaspora entrepreneur in Germany and the other with a Ghanaian returnee entrepreneur back from Germany. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews with both of the entrepreneurs were conducted to identify their network dynamics. Findings: Ghanaian diaspora entrepreneurs benefit mainly from networks in the COR and Ghanaian returnee entrepreneurs from networks in the COO. These findings are not fully consistent with the assumption of previous scholars that diaspora and returnee entrepreneurs intensively use both COO and COR networks. Implications & Recommendations: The network usage of diaspora and returnee entrepreneurs varies to a large extent depending on industry, personal background and human capital. It is necessary to research more intensively the heterogeneity within diaspora entrepreneurship. Contribution & Value Added: This paper contributes to the development of understanding of heterogeneity in diaspora and returnee entrepreneurship. The cases present that the degree and balance of mixed embeddedness of returnee and diaspora entrepreneurs in COO and COR may differ to a large extent and they influence how they benefit from different type of networks in both countries. This difference may arise from the physical absence/presence of entrepreneurs in the country or the structure of their business. We identified several dimensions to be considered in future research.

  12. Teacher Certification Among Athletic Training Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Neil

    1995-01-01

    Researchers have reported that athletic training students who earn teacher certification enhance their job marketability. The purpose of this study was to determine the number of athletic training students who pursue teacher certification. A survey was mailed to the directors of the 78 NATA undergraduate programs in 1992. Data from the returned surveys showed that 177 of the 703 expected graduates in 1992 and 148 of the 640 graduates in 1991 pursued teacher certification. The most common teacher certification subject area was Physical Education, followed by Health, and Science or Biology. These students should expect to take an additional 1.6 semesters (range 0 to 4) to complete teacher certification requirements. Program directors cited increased job opportunities as the main advantage, and increased time in school and financial burden as the main disadvantages of pursuing teacher certification. Although the potential for high school jobs seems enormous, there is little indication that high schools are increasingly hiring athletic trainers. Formal counseling and advising for athletic training students regarding teacher certification and job opportunities should occur in the first year of study. Additional research should assess the job market. Imagesp350-a PMID:16558362

  13. Certification Programs for Criminalists - Historical Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernett, P D

    2008-01-01

    Certification is the process by which individual practitioners of a profession are deemed competent, by a peer review process, to practice that profession. Criminalistics is a rather young profession, and until the recent publicity occasioned by a myriad of television dramas and documentaries, a rather obscure one. There has been little oversight of the profession and little call for such oversight until the 1970s. The calls for oversight primarily came from those outside the profession and with only a peripheral interest in the profession. In response, the profession itself began to consider the development of a process of self-review and to establish certification criteria (a) by which the competence of practitioners could be assessed in a way that would be acceptable to practitioners; (b) equitable to the diverse jobs requirements of various practitioners; useful for external evaluation by users of professional services; and, above all, (c) be a realistic method to evaluate the ability of the practitioner to engage in the professional practice of forensic science. Professional certification of criminalists was first suggested at a meeting of the California Association of Criminalists (CAC) in 1975. This initial proposal was taken to the broader national criminalistics community through the efforts of the Criminalistics Certification Study Committee (CCSC) beginning in 1976. Subjected in 1978 to a national referendum of practitioners, CCSC's proposal was rejected. Undaunted by national rejection, in 1986 the CAC renewed efforts to develop a certification process for its members, which resulted in the offering of the first certification examination in 1989. Since the initial certification examination by the CAC, certification of criminalists has evolved through the activities of the American Board of Criminalistics (ABC). Efforts have been continuously made to refine the process to more closely reflect the demands of the profession. The evolution has been slow

  14. 14 CFR 61.23 - Medical certificates: Requirement and duration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... medical certificate when exercising the privileges of a commercial pilot certificate; or (3) Must hold at... in an aircraft for a recreational pilot, private pilot, commercial pilot, or airline transport pilot... the medical certificate. (2) A second-class medical certificate (i) Any age a commercial pilot...

  15. Restructuring Special Education Certification: What Should Be Done?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichinger, Joanne; Downing, June

    2000-01-01

    This article recommends revamping special education certification to support quality education in inclusive settings by aligning special education certification with general education certification, allowing for collaborative teacher training for general and special education at the initial certification level, and providing advanced training for…

  16. Certification of a weld produced by friction stir welding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obaditch, Chris; Grant, Glenn J

    2013-10-01

    Methods, devices, and systems for providing certification of friction stir welds are disclosed. A sensor is used to collect information related to a friction stir weld. Data from the sensor is compared to threshold values provided by an extrinsic standard setting organizations using a certification engine. The certification engine subsequently produces a report on the certification status of the weld.

  17. Incomplete and Inaccurate Death Certification by Medical Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study aimed to find out the level of knowledge of medical death certification of final year medical students, Objective - (1) To assess their knowledge of death certification (2) find out at what level of their training they came in contact with death certificates (3) who normally fills death certificate (4) if they can fill death ...

  18. 46 CFR 151.10-15 - Certificate endorsement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate endorsement. 151.10-15 Section 151.10-15... Certificate endorsement. (a)-(b) (c) Certificate endorsement. The following information shall be submitted, and upon approval of calculations shall form part of the endorsement on the Certificate of Inspection...

  19. 10 CFR 76.65 - Inalienability of certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inalienability of certificates. 76.65 Section 76.65 Energy... Inalienability of certificates. The certificate granted under the regulations in this part may not be transferred..., through transfer of control of any certificate to any person unless the Commission, after securing full...

  20. 10 CFR 76.51 - Conditions of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions of certification. 76.51 Section 76.51 Energy... Conditions of certification. The Corporation shall comply with the certificate of compliance, any approved... certificate or approved compliance plan. ...

  1. 9 CFR 93.205 - Certificate for poultry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... exported from Mexico, shall be accompanied either by such a certificate or by a certificate issued by a veterinarian accredited by the National Government of Mexico and endorsed by a full-time salaried veterinary... exported from Mexico, shall be accompanied either by such a certificate or by a certificate issued by a...

  2. 21 CFR 900.22 - Standards for certification agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accreditation bodies for issues related to mammography image quality and clinical practice. The certification... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standards for certification agencies. 900.22... certification agencies. The certification agency shall accept the following responsibilities in order to ensure...

  3. 42 CFR 8.11 - Opioid treatment program certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... accreditation with an accreditation body, are eligible to receive a provisional certification for up to 1 year... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Opioid treatment program certification. 8.11... PROVISIONS CERTIFICATION OF OPIOID TREATMENT PROGRAMS Certification and Treatment Standards § 8.11 Opioid...

  4. 47 CFR 2.962 - Requirements for Telecommunication Certification Bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Certification Bodies. 2.962 Section 2.962 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL FREQUENCY... Telecommunication Certification Bodies (tcbs) § 2.962 Requirements for Telecommunication Certification Bodies. (a) Telecommunication certification bodies (TCBs) designated by the Commission, or designated by another authority...

  5. 77 FR 71691 - Type Certification Procedures for Changed Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 21 RIN 2120-AK19 Type Certification Procedures for Changed... FAA amended its regulations for the certification of changes to type-certificated products. That... June 7, 2000, the FAA published a final rule entitled, ``Type Certification Procedures for Changed...

  6. 78 FR 16779 - Type Certification Procedures for Changed Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-19

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 21 RIN 2120-AK19 Type Certification Procedures for Changed... entitled, ``Type Certification Procedures for Changed Products'' (65 FR 36244). In that final rule, the FAA revised the procedural requirements for the certification of changes to type-certificated products. The...

  7. 19 CFR 10.224 - Certificate of Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of Origin. 10.224 Section 10.224... § 10.224 Certificate of Origin. (a) General. A Certificate of Origin must be employed to certify that a... for the preferential treatment referred to in § 10.221. The Certificate of Origin must be prepared by...

  8. 40 CFR 89.105 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 89.105... and Certification Provisions § 89.105 Certificate of conformity. Every manufacturer of a new nonroad compression-ignition engine must obtain a certificate of conformity covering the engine family, as described...

  9. 40 CFR 91.106 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 91.106... Provisions § 91.106 Certificate of conformity. (a) Every manufacturer of a new marine SI engine produced... obtain a certificate of conformity covering each engine family. The certificate of conformity must be...

  10. 40 CFR 90.106 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 90.106... Standards and Certification Provisions § 90.106 Certificate of conformity. (a)(1) Except as provided in § 90... certificate of conformity covering such engines; however, engines manufactured during an annual production...

  11. 7 CFR 800.163 - Divided-lot certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Divided-lot certificates. 800.163 Section 800.163... Certificates § 800.163 Divided-lot certificates. (a) General. When shiplot grain is offered for inspection or Class X weighing as a single lot and is certificated as a single lot, the applicant may exchange the...

  12. 7 CFR 868.74 - Divided-lot certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Divided-lot certificates. 868.74 Section 868.74... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Regulations Official Certificates § 868.74 Divided-lot certificates. (a) General. When commodities are offered for inspection and are certificated as a single lot...

  13. 14 CFR 125.7 - Display of certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Display of certificate. 125.7 Section 125.7... OR MORE; AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT General § 125.7 Display of certificate. (a) The certificate holder must display a true copy of the certificate in each of its aircraft. (b...

  14. Continuous Certification Within Residency: An Educational Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachlin, Susan; Schonberger, Alison; Nocera, Nicole; Acharya, Jay; Shah, Nidhi; Henkel, Jacqueline

    2015-10-01

    Given that maintaining compliance with Maintenance of Certification is necessary for maintaining licensure to practice as a radiologist and provide quality patient care, it is important for radiology residents to practice fulfilling each part of the program during their training not only to prepare for success after graduation but also to adequately learn best practices from the beginning of their professional careers. This article discusses ways to implement continuous certification (called Continuous Residency Certification) as an educational model within the residency training program. Copyright © 2015 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. ECOTOURISM CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS: STANDARDS AND BENEFITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariia Holub

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The problem of researching the ecotourism certification processes in the world is very up-to-date nowadays. The relevance of the research is stipulated by current state of environ-mental pollutants, the development of sustainable politics implementation and the fact that now people aware of real danger of environmental catastrophe that threatens the survival of civilization. That’s why the purpose of the article is conducting a complex analysis of foreign ecotourism certi-fication programs. Moreover, it is necessary to study the evolution of ecotourism development to understand the key issues of this problem. The object of this article is the analysis of ecotourism certification worldwide. The subject of the article is the detection of theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of implementation of effective ecotourism certification programs in Ukraine. To clarify all aspects of studying this issue it is necessary to use such theoretical and methodological basis as: modern theories of the genesis and evolution of ecological tourism, logical and analogy analysis, historical method, hypothetical method, classification and graphical method. Using such methods it was found that the development of ecotourism formation has taking three evolutionary steps, which affected the creation of its definition. This fact reveals the classification of different types of sustainable tourism and provides an impetus of ecotourism certification studies. Moreover, it was identified that there is a logical regularity in ecotourism certification programs all over the world. As the result, it was found that practically all the ecotourism certification processes are functioning successfully nowadays. By the way, it can be observed the rapid increase in the amount of ecocertified companies. Moreover, the programs which were analyzed in this article were divided into several steps (depends on the ecotourism certification program following which a company can

  16. A Unified Framework for DPLL(T + Certificates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT techniques are widely used nowadays. SMT solvers are typically used as verification backends. When an SMT solver is invoked, it is quite important to ensure the correctness of its results. To address this problem, we propose a unified certificate framework based on DPLL(T, including a uniform certificate format, a unified certificate generation procedure, and a unified certificate checking procedure. The certificate format is shown to be simple, clean, and extensible to different background theories. The certificate generation procedure is well adapted to most DPLL(T-based SMT solvers. The soundness and completeness for DPLL(T + certificates were established. The certificate checking procedure is straightforward and efficient. Experimental results show that the overhead for certificates generation is only 10%, which outperforms other methods, and the certificate checking procedure is quite time saving.

  17. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 231 - Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance C Appendix C to Part 231 National Defense Department of Defense...—Sample Certificate of Compliance for Credit Unions Certificate of Compliance I, (name), Chairman of the...

  18. Training Appropriate for Computer Certification at Two-Year Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Amos Olagunju; Romaric Zongo

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents research results on the relevance and need for information technology certification, with a particular focus on CompTIA A+ certification. The study focused on the opinions of employers on certification, a critical review of certification provider literature, and an opinion survey of two-year institutions. The study investigated the training two-year institutions should be providing for CompTIA A+ certification to meet the needs of employers. The paper presents the historic...

  19. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-12-14

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria with in which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  20. Pesticide Applicator Certification in Indian Country

    Science.gov (United States)

    This website provides information about the EPA Plan for the Federal Certification of Applicators of Restricted Use Pesticides within Indian Country, including plan requirements, how to become certified, how to register for training, and who is certified.

  1. Learn About Laboratory Certification for Drinking Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA’s Office of Water Technical Support Center implements the Drinking Water Laboratory Certification Program in partnership with EPA Regions, EPA’s Office of Research and Development, and States.

  2. Motivation and benefits of implementation and certification ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR OKE

    Capturing workers' knowledge. Relations with government authorities. Relations with communities. Motivations for certification. Corporate image. Reduction of production costs. Improvement of productivity. Improvement of productivity. Improvement of assurance in the company's quality. Environmental improvements.

  3. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-09-09

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria within which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  4. Airframe Certification Methods for Unmanned Aircraft

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Saff, Charles R

    2006-01-01

    The application of conventional structural certification methods to unmanned aircraft can lead to unacceptably long development times and costs that are out of line with the development costs for the airframe...

  5. Energy management system certification in industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Bojana V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy management system is a set of interrelated or interacting elements aiming to establish an energy policy and energy objectives, including processes and procedures to achieve those objectives. Certification of energy management systems according to standards EN 16001 and new standard ISO 50001 is a way to sustain energy use in an organization. There has been a lot of research about different aspects of energy efficiency and energy management in global industries, but none about the state of certification of energy management systems in global industries. This paper aims to give a comprehensive review of certification of energy management systems in different industries and its subsectors globally. Statistical analysis of available ISO 50001 certification data was used in this research.

  6. Lesson 3: Attorney General (AG) Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    The AG Certification is a letter confirming legal authority to implement the electronic reporting covered by the application and enforce the affected programs using the electronic documents received under those programs.

  7. Construction of new profiler certification tracks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    The existing smoothness specifications of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) require : certification of inertial profilers for ride quality assurance testing. Currently, inertial profilers are certified : based on profile measurements col...

  8. 19 CFR 159.63 - Certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset § 159.63 Certifications. (a... (with suffix) of the domestic producer, employer identification number, or social security number, as...

  9. 14 CFR 121.378 - Certificate requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and Alterations § 121.378 Certificate requirements. (a) Except for maintenance, preventive maintenance, alterations, and..., each person who is directly in charge of maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations, and each...

  10. Certification of the concentrating solar collector

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    Report describes procedures and results of extensive testing of concentrating solar collector performed for certification of systems compliance with government performance standards. Test includes operational, electrical, mechanical, and thermal checks, as well as structural integrity.

  11. 2012 aerospace medical certification statistical handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    The annual Aerospace Medical Certification Statistical Handbook reports descriptive : characteristics of all active U.S. civil aviation airmen and the aviation medical examiners (AMEs) that : perform the required medical examinations. The 2012 annual...

  12. 2011 aerospace medical certification statistical handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    The annual Aerospace Medical Certification Statistical Handbook reports descriptive characteristics of all active U.S. civil aviation airmen and the aviation medical examiners (AMEs) that perform the required medical examinations. The 2011 annual han...

  13. Anthropomorphic Test Drive (ATD) Certification Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The ATD Certification Laboratory consists of several test fixtures to ensure ATDs are functioning correctly and within specifications prior to use in any OP testing....

  14. Deploying and managing a cloud infrastructure real-world skills for the Comptia cloud+ certification and beyond exam CV0-001

    CERN Document Server

    Salam, Abdul; Ul Haq, Salman

    2015-01-01

    Learn in-demand cloud computing skills from industry experts Deploying and Managing a Cloud Infrastructure is an excellent resource for IT professionals seeking to tap into the demand for cloud administrators. This book helps prepare candidates for the CompTIA Cloud+ Certification (CV0-001) cloud computing certification exam. Designed for IT professionals with 2-3 years of networking experience, this certification provides validation of your cloud infrastructure knowledge. With over 30 years of combined experience in cloud computing, the author team provides the latest expert perspectives on

  15. [Nursing certification system in cancer nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Kumi

    2008-04-01

    The Japanese Nursing Association (JNA) started an advanced nursing certification system and gave the first certification to certified nurse specialist (CNS) in cancer nursing in 1996. CNS is recognized for excellent nursing practice in a specific area, and for demonstrating six roles: excellent nursing practice, consultation, ethical coordination, education, coordination, and research activities. To receive CNS certification need nurse (or public health nurse or nurse midwife) qualification, master's degree, at least five-years clinical experience, and after that to pass a JNA certification examination. Certified nurse (CN) demonstrates three roles in high level of nursing practice by using matured nursing skills and knowledge, leadership, and consultation in a specific nursing area. CN need nurse qualification, at least fiveyears clinical experience, completing educational program at least 6 months, and passing a JNA certification examination. Both of CNS and CN requier certification renewal every five years. The number of people who get certification of CNS's in cancer nursing become 104, and of CN in cancer nursing area become 942 (chemotherapy 204, palliative care 420, cancer pain 267, breast cancer 51) in 2007. CNS's in cancer nursing activities are not understood broaden, because they have various work positions and activities, and are very few in Japan. But they are considered to be a change agent in cancer health care system. Also they will expand their activity setting. There is a prospect that CNS in cancer nursing will increase in number with nursing graduate school increasing. It shows that we will face some problems, for example educational contents or methods, certification system and so on.

  16. Quality Signaling through Certification in Developing Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Auriol, Emmanuelle; Schilizzi, Steven G.M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies how signaling the credence attributes of consumer goods distorts their market equilibrium in developing countries. Costs of certification, sunk in order to achieve credibility, play a key role in producing an oligopolistic market, leading to high prices that form a barrier for consumers in the South. To lower the cost, certification is better achieved by a single independent body which can be financed either by end consumers, through a fee, or by public subsidies. The paper...

  17. Certification as a Rationale for Voluntary Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    I model the participation of firms in a voluntary agreement as a costly certification process whereby a firm informs the Regulator of its pollution intensity. Without this knowledge, the Regulator imposes the same tax on all firms in a heterogeneous industry, unduly hurting the clean ones with the lowest intensity. Certification allows clean firms to get a tax rebate. It also entails an informational externality as the dispersion of types decreases within the pool of non-participating firms, ...

  18. Secure, Redundant, and Fully Distributed Key Management Scheme for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: An Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshi Deepti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Security poses a major challenge in ad hoc networks today due to the lack of fixed or organizational infrastructure. This paper proposes a modification to the existing "fully distributed certificate authority" scheme for ad hoc networks. In the proposed modification, redundancy is introduced by allocating more than one share to each node in order to increase the probability of creating the certificate for a node in a highly mobile network. A probabilistic analysis is carried out to analyze the trade-offs between the ease of certificate creation and the security provided by the proposed scheme. The analysis carried out from the intruder's perspective suggests that in the worst-case scenario, the intruder is just "one node" away from a legitimate node in compromising the certificate. The analysis also outlines the parameter selection criteria for a legitimate node to maintain a margin of advantage over an intruder in creating the certificate.

  19. Discovering bin-Laden’s Replacement in al-Qaeda, using Social Network Analysis: A Methodological Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edith Wu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The removal of Osama bin-Laden created a leadership void within al-Qaeda. Despite the group’s autonomous cell structure, an authorative figure remains essential for promoting and disseminating al-Qaeda’s ideology. An appropriate replacement should exhibit traits comparable to bin-Laden and have similar positioning within the structure of the group. Using a media-based sample and social network analysis, this study attempts to uncover the most probable successor for bin-Laden by examining the dynamics within al-Qaeda. The results indicate how the differential embeddedness of al-Qaeda members affects social capital, which in turn provides insights for leadership potiential.

  20. Self-organized key management with trusted certificate exchange in MANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saju P John

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In MANET, security is more challenging due to problems related to key exchange. It is necessary to secure the exchanges in MANETs for assuring the development of services in the network. The self-organized MANET is visualized as a key communication technology enabler for application such as network centric warfare, disaster relief operations, emergency situations, and intelligent transportation systems. In this paper, we propose a self-organized key management technique coupled with trusted certificate exchange for mobile ad hoc networks. The proposed architecture consists of one coordinator node, servers and normal mobile nodes. The coordinator acts as a mediator for transmitting the message among the servers and mobile nodes. Each node generates its own public/private key pairs using server-signed public keying technique. Then multi-path certificate exchange technique is employed where public key of the nodes is certified by different nodes. Those nodes that issued the certificates are validated using the Eigen Vector Reputation Centrality. By simulation results, we show that the proposed approach improves security.

  1. Certification of thermal solar systems in the Netherlands and monitoring the results of certification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ree, B.G.C. van der

    1996-01-01

    Due to the rapid growth of the solar energy market in the Netherlands, quality control of solar systems is well under way. An important tool to improve the infrastructure of the solar market is certification of solar energy systems. Certification in the Netherlands is being developed in two projects

  2. Tradable white certificate schemes : what can we learn from tradable green certificate schemes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oikonomou, Vlasis; Mundaca, Luis

    In this paper, we analyze the experiences gained from tradable green certificate (TGC) schemes and extract some policy lessons that can lead to a successful design of a market-based approach for energy efficiency improvement, alias tradable white certificate schemes. We use tradable green

  3. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  4. Public/private key certification authority and key distribution. Draft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, J.P.; Christensen, M.J.; Sturtevant, A.P.; Johnston, W.E.

    1995-09-25

    Traditional encryption, which protects messages from prying eyes, has been used for many decades. The present concepts of encryption are built from that heritage. Utilization of modern software-based encryption techniques implies much more than simply converting files to an unreadable form. Ubiquitous use of computers and advances in encryption technology coupled with the use of wide-area networking completely changed the reasons for utilizing encryption technology. The technology demands a new and extensive infrastructure to support these functions. Full understanding of these functions, their utility and value, and the need for an infrastructure, takes extensive exposure to the new paradigm. This paper addresses issues surrounding the establishment and operation of a key management system (i.e., certification authority) that is essential to the successful implementation and wide-spread use of encryption.

  5. Training Appropriate for Computer Certification at Two-Year Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amos Olagunju

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents research results on the relevance and need for information technology certification, with a particular focus on CompTIA A+ certification. The study focused on the opinions of employers on certification, a critical review of certification provider literature, and an opinion survey of two-year institutions. The study investigated the training two-year institutions should be providing for CompTIA A+ certification to meet the needs of employers. The paper presents the historical overview, types of programs, development details and outcomes for the future information technology certification.

  6. Junos Enterprise Routing A Practical Guide to Junos Routing and Certification

    CERN Document Server

    Southwick, Peter; Reynolds, Harry

    2011-01-01

    Considered the go-to study guide for Juniper Networks enterprise routing certification exams, this book offers you unparalleled coverage of all the services available to Junos administrators-including the most recent set of flow-based security services and design guidelines that incorporate services and features of the MX, SRX, and EX network devices. Its emphasis on practical solutions also makes this book an ideal on-the-job reference for design, maintenance, and troubleshooting issues in the enterprise. Simply put, this updated edition is the most comprehensive and authoritative resource

  7. Mobile computing deployment and management real world skills for Comptia Mobility+ certification and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Bartz, Robert J

    2015-01-01

    Mobile computing skills are becoming standard in the IT industry Mobile Computing Deployment and Management: Real World Skills for CompTIA Mobility+ Certification and Beyond is the ultimate reference for mobile computing. Certified Wireless Network Expert Robert J. Bartz guides IT and networking professionals through the fundamental and advanced concepts of mobile computing, providing the information and instruction necessary to get up to speed on current technology and best practices. The book maps to the CompTIA Mobility+ (MB0-001) exam, making it an ideal resource for those s

  8. 78 FR 64141 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home... Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home Retention. OMB Approval Number: 2502... Information and Proposed Use: Counseling certificates will provide proof to lenders and other interested...

  9. ISO and software quality assurance - licensing and certification of software professionals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hare, J.; Rodin, L.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on licensing and certifing of software professionals. Discussed in this report are: certification programs; licensing programs; why became certified; certification as a condition of empolyment; certification requirements; and examination structures.

  10. 47 CFR 2.960 - Designation of Telecommunication Certification Bodies (TCBs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Telecommunication Certification Bodies (tcbs) § 2.960 Designation of Telecommunication Certification Bodies (TCBs). (a) The Commission may designate Telecommunication Certification Bodies (TCBs) to approve equipment... certification bodies shall meet the following criteria. (1) The organization accrediting the prospective...

  11. Obtaining your annual internal taxation certificate

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    (cf. Article R IV 2.04 of the Staff Regulations) Your annual internal taxation certificate will state the taxable amount of your CERN remuneration, payments and other financial benefits and the amount of tax levied by the Organization during the previous financial year. In France, your tax return must be accompanied by this certificate. Current Members of the Personnel (including Members of the Personnel participating in a pre-retirement programme): - You will receive an e-mail containing a link to your printable annual certificate, which will be stored together with your pay and leave statements (e-Payslips). - You can also access your annual certificate via https://hrt.cern.ch (open 'My Payslips' at the bottom of the main menu.) - If you experience any technical difficulties in accessing your annual certificate (e.g. invalid AIS login or password), please contact CERN's AIS support team at ais.support@cern.ch. Former Members of the Personnel:- If you remember your AIS login and password, you can acc...

  12. Combating pharmacist shortage through labor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maswoswe, J J; Stewart, K R; Enigbokan, M; Egbunike, I; Jackson, D M

    1994-06-01

    Several solutions, ranging from increased technician duties to salary raises, automation, and increasing job satisfaction, have been presented in the literature as methods of assuaging the pharmacist shortage. Although a significant portion of pharmacy graduates from American pharmacy colleges are foreign nationals, no marketing strategies have been elucidated in the retention and recruitment of foreign nationals through labor certification. Labor certifications are generally approved by the Secretary of Labor if the following factors have been verified: 1) there are not sufficient United States workers who are able, willing, qualified, and available for employment; and 2) the employment of the foreign national will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of U.S. workers similarly employed. When properly understood, the labor certification process is a test of the job market where foreigners, by virtue of their skills and qualifications, attain certification which subsequently leads to permanent residency (green card). The objective of this report is to elucidate the tedious yet effective method of retaining American-educated foreign nationals through labor certification.

  13. Implementation of thermographers' certification in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Laerte; Alves, Luiz M.; da Costa Bortoni, Edson

    2011-05-01

    In recent years Brazil has experienced extraordinary growth despite the recent economic global crisis. The demand for infrared thermography products and services has accompanied this growth. Like other non-destructive testing and inspection, the results obtained by thermography are highly dependent on the skills of thermographer. Therefore, it is very important to establish a serious and recognized process of certification to assess thermographers' qualifications and help services suppliers to establish credibility with their customers and increase the confidence of these costumers on the quality of these services. The Brazilian Society of Non-Destructive Testing and Inspection, ABENDI, a non-profitable, private technical-scientific entity, recognized nationally and internationally, has observed the necessity of starting a process for certification of thermographers in Brazil. With support of a work group composed by experts from oil and energy industries, transportation, universities and manufactures, the activities started in 2005. This paper describes the economic background required for installation of the certification process, its initial steps, the main characteristics of the Brazilian certification and the expectation for initiating the certification process.

  14. Council on Certification Professional Practice Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1993-06-01

    The CCNA has completed a PPA and will begin implementing its recommendations with the December 1993 certification examination. The results of the PPA provide content validation for the CCNA certification examination. The certification examination is reflective of the knowledge and skill required for entry-level practice. Assessment of this knowledge is accomplished through the use of questions that are based on the areas represented in the content outline. Analysis of the PPA has resulted in changes in the examination content outline and percentages of questions in each area to reflect current entry-level nurse anesthesia practice. The new outline is based on the major domains of knowledge required for nurse anesthesia practice. These changes are justified by the consistency in the responses of the practitioners surveyed. There was overall agreement as to the knowledge and skills related to patient conditions, procedures, agents, techniques, and equipment that an entry-level CRNA must have to practice. Members of the CCNA and Examination Committee will use the revised outline to develop questions for the certification examination. The questions will be focused on the areas identified as requiring high levels of expertise and those that appeared higher in frequency. The PPA survey will be used as a basis for subsequent content validation studies. It will be revised to reflect new knowledge, technology, and techniques related to nurse anesthesia practice. The CCNA has demonstrated its commitment to the certification process through completion of the PPA and implementation of changes in the structure of the examination.

  15. Dynamic Embeddedness in Chinese Firm Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lattemann, Christoph; Alon, Ilan; Spigarelli, Francesca

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a multi-level framework to analyze the motivations and location choices of Chinese OFDIs. We contribute to theory-integration on Chinese OFDI flows and patterns by suggesting a framework that combines country-, industry- and firm-level analyses and by reflecting aspects from t...

  16. Sustainability, certification, and regulation of biochar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank G. A. Verheijen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Biochar has a relatively long half-life in soil and can fundamentally alter soil properties, processes, and ecosystem services. The prospect of global-scale biochar application to soils highlights the importance of a sophisticated and rigorous certification procedure. The objective of this work was to discuss the concept of integrating biochar properties with environmental and socioeconomic factors, in a sustainable biochar certification procedure that optimizes complementarity and compatibility between these factors over relevant time periods. Biochar effects and behavior should also be modelled at temporal scales similar to its expected functional lifetime in soils. Finally, when existing soil data are insufficient, soil sampling and analysis procedures need to be described as part of a biochar certification procedure.

  17. ECOLOGICAL CERTIFICATION AND LABELLING OF TOURIST SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Stefanica

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents an analysis of ecological certification and labelling in the field of tourism. In a tourist company, the certification schemes evaluate the general approach of environmental problems, and impose to the tourist services the observance of pre-established principles and guiding lines concerning the environment. They become for the tourist companies a behavioural standard in the development of their activity. The requirements within such schemes are often flexible and open to interpretation, and generally less controversial than the eco-labelling schemes. As compared to the certification schemes, the eco-labels attributed to the tourist services emphasise the impact over the environment of the services of tourist companies, on the basis of certain European criteria. These criteria refer to the whole life cycle of these tourist services.

  18. Compositional Safety Analysis using Barrier Certificates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Christoffer; Pappas, George J.; Wisniewski, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a compositional method for verifying the safety of a dynamical system, given as an interconnection of subsystems. The safety verification is conducted by the use of the barrier certificate method; hence, the contribution of this paper is to show how to obtain compositional...... conditions for safety verification. We show how to formulate the verification problem, as a composition of coupled subproblems, each given for one subsystem. Furthermore, we show how to find the compositional barrier certificates via linear and sum of squares programming problems. The proposed method makes...... it possible to verify the safety of higher dimensional systems, than the method for centrally computed barrier certificates. This is demonstrated by verifying the safety of an emergency shutdown of a wind turbine....

  19. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations. In...

  20. National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Youtube Linkedin Home Diplomates Diplomates Home Diplomate Benefits Certification Renewal PDA Approved Courses Diplomate Resources Academy Website ... very important life changing process. Apply Now Renew Certification Find information on current requirements and pricing for ...

  1. The National Senior Certificate : implications for access to higher education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kistner, L; Nel, C

    2009-01-01

    ... National Senior Certificate results quantitatively in the context of the Grade 11 application score for entry into higher education and the Grade 12 Senior Certificate scores of the old curriculum...

  2. 46 CFR 176.925 - Safety Management Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as Amended (SOLAS) § 176.925 Safety Management Certificate. (a) All vessels that carry more than 12 passengers on an...

  3. Kosher Certification as a Model of Private Regulation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Timothy D Lytton

    2013-01-01

      The success of kosher food certification offers a model of independent, private certification that could improve food safety and labeling and point the way toward regulatory reform in other areas...

  4. 27 CFR 5.55 - Certificates of label approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Requirements for Approval of... certificates of label approval and certificates of exemption from label approval, as well as appeal procedures...

  5. Undergraduates' Intentions to Take Examinations for Professional Certification: Examinations of Four Competing Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Pi-Yueh; Hsu, Ping-Kun; Chiou, Wen-Bin

    2012-01-01

    Previous research on professional certification has primarily focused on graduate certificates in intensive care nursing, writing certificates for practitioners, maintenance of certification in radiation oncology, and the certification of teachers and surgeons. Research on certification in the domain of business and management from an…

  6. Consensus recommendations on rater training and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Mark D; Daniel, David G; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

    2014-01-01

    There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials.

  7. 75 FR 9327 - Aircraft Noise Certification Documents for International Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... official or approved noise certificate. Accurate data transfer from an FAA-approved data source is the... all noise certification data on a single certificate. Option 3, which requires three documents, was... the operator, deleting the references to the source of the noise data (such as the dated airplane...

  8. Broad and narrow bracketing in gift certificate spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Felso, Flora A.; Soetevent, Adriaan R.

    We survey 1050 consumers who have just redeemed one or more open loop gift certificates to learn whether they view gift certificate income, cash gifts and non-gift income as substitutes. We find that the majority (83%) of recipients spend the certificates in the same way as cash. The other

  9. Broad and narrow bracketing in gift certificate spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Felsö, F.Á.; Soetevent, A.R.

    2014-01-01

    We survey 1050 consumers who have just redeemed one or more open loop gift certificates to learn whether they view gift certificate income, cash gifts and non-gift income as substitutes. We find that the majority (83%) of recipients spend the certificates in the same way as cash. The other

  10. 14 CFR 65.67 - Aircraft dispatcher certification courses: Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aircraft dispatcher certification courses... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN CERTIFICATION: AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS Aircraft Dispatchers § 65.67 Aircraft dispatcher certification courses: Personnel. (a) Each applicant for an aircraft...

  11. 75 FR 70871 - Photo Requirements for Pilot Certificates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... effective to obtain a pilot certificate with photo. A person with a commercial pilot certificate would have... contact with the FAA. ATP and commercial pilot certificate holders usually have more regular contact with... factual basis for this determination, and the reasoning should be clear. A number of commercial pilots are...

  12. 14 CFR 121.437 - Pilot qualification: Certificates required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Pilot qualification: Certificates required. (a) No pilot may act as pilot in command of an aircraft (or... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot qualification: Certificates required... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS...

  13. 19 CFR 10.234 - Certificate of Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of Origin. 10.234 Section 10.234... Partnership Act Non-Textile Articles Under the United States-Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act § 10.234 Certificate of Origin. A Certificate of Origin as specified in § 10.236 must be employed to certify that an...

  14. 19 CFR 191.24 - Certificate of manufacture and delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of manufacture and delivery. 191.24...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) DRAWBACK Manufacturing Drawback § 191.24 Certificate of manufacture... manufacturer or producer to another party, a certificate of manufacture and delivery shall be prepared and...

  15. 21 CFR 80.21 - Request for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, we hereby make application for the certification of a batch of straight..., Drug, and Cosmetic Act, we hereby make application for the certification of a batch of color additive... under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, we hereby make application for the certification of a...

  16. 40 CFR 194.15 - certification application(s).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-07-01

    ... 40 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT 12 1996-07-01 1996-07-01 false certification application(s). 194.15 Sec. 194.15 Content of compliance re PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... and Re-certification Applications Sec. 194.15 Content of compliance re-certification application(s...

  17. 22 CFR 61.4 - Certification procedures-Exports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS § 61.4 Certification procedures—Exports. (a) Applicants seeking certification of U.S. produced audio-visual materials shall submit to the Department a completed Application Form for each subject or series for which certification is sought. Collateral instructional material, if any...

  18. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 227 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 227 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 227, App. A Appendix A to Part 227—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...

  19. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 411 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 411 Banks and Banking EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 411, App. A Appendix A to Part 411—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...

  20. 15 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The undersigned...

  1. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 138 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 138 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE MISCELLANEOUS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 138, App. A Appendix A to Part 138—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants...

  2. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1271 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix... ON LOBBYING Pt. 1271, App. A Appendix A to Part 1271—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its...

  3. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1230 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1230, App. A Appendix A to Part 1230—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  4. 34 CFR Appendix A to Part 82 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 82 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 82, App. A Appendix A to Part 82—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants...

  5. 29 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 93 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  6. 24 CFR Appendix A to Part 87 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... Urban Development NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 87, App. A Appendix A to Part 87—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The undersigned...

  7. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  8. 6 CFR Appendix A to Part 9 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... LOBBYING Pt. 9, App. A Appendix A to Part 9—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts... Standard Form—LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  9. 7 CFR Appendix A to Part 3018 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part... OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 3018, App. A Appendix A to Part 3018—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  10. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 712 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 712, App. A Appendix A to Part 712—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its...

  11. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 438 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 438, App. A Appendix A to Part 438—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans...

  12. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 519 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 519 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 519, App. A Appendix A to Part 519—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AGREEMENT REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The undersigned...

  14. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 311 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 311 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 311, App. A Appendix A to Part 311—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative...

  15. 43 CFR Appendix A to Part 18 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 18, App. A Appendix A to Part 18—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The undersigned...

  16. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 21 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... ON LOBBYING Pt. 21, App. A Appendix A to Part 21—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  17. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 601 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 601 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 601, App. A Appendix A to Part 601—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans...

  18. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1168 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1168, App. A Appendix A to Part 1168—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants...

  19. 28 CFR Appendix A to Part 69 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 69, App. A Appendix A to Part 69—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The undersigned...

  20. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 146 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 146, App. A Appendix A to Part 146—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  1. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1158 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1158, App. A Appendix A to Part 1158—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and...

  2. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 20 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 20 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 20, App. A Appendix A to Part 20—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants...

  3. 40 CFR 97.313 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.313... Representative for CAIR NOX Ozone Season Sources § 97.313 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  4. 40 CFR 72.24 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 72.24... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Designated Representative § 72.24 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a designated representative or an alternate designated...

  5. 40 CFR 96.113 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.113... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR NOX Sources § 96.113 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  6. 40 CFR 96.213 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.213... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR SO2 Sources § 96.213 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  7. 40 CFR 96.313 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.313... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR NOX Ozone Season Sources § 96.313 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate...

  8. 40 CFR 96.13 - Account certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Account certificate of representation... representation. (a) A complete account certificate of representation for a NOX authorized account representative... unit at the source for which the account certificate of representation is submitted. (2) The name...

  9. 40 CFR 97.113 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.113... Representative for CAIR NOX Sources § 97.113 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated representative shall include...

  10. 40 CFR 97.213 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.213... Representative for CAIR SO2 Sources § 97.213 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated representative shall include...

  11. 40 CFR 97.13 - Account certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Account certificate of representation... Authorized Account Representative for NOX Budget Sources § 97.13 Account certificate of representation. (a) A complete account certificate of representation for a NOX authorized account representative or an alternate...

  12. 9 CFR 96.3 - Certificate for animal casings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... they are accompanied by a certificate signed by either (1) a veterinarian salaried by the national... authorized by the national government to conduct casings inspections and issue certificates, and who has... authorized to issue the certificate by the national government of the region in which the animals were...

  13. 46 CFR 67.303 - Issuance of Certificate of Ownership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... VESSELS DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS Abstracts of Title and Certificates of Ownership § 67.303 Issuance of Certificate of Ownership. Any person may request the National Vessel Documentation Center to issue a... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance of Certificate of Ownership. 67.303 Section 67...

  14. 45 CFR 1160.7 - Certificate of national interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate of national interest. 1160.7 Section... ARTIFACTS INDEMNITY ACT § 1160.7 Certificate of national interest. After preliminary review applications for... designee for determination of national interest and issuance of a Certificate of National Interest. ...

  15. 46 CFR 67.165 - Deposit of Certificate of Documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... National Vessel Documentation Center when: (1) Exchange of the Certificate is required upon the occurrence... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deposit of Certificate of Documentation. 67.165 Section... MEASUREMENT OF VESSELS DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS Validity of Certificates of Documentation; Renewal of...

  16. 77 FR 44683 - Notice of Investigation Regarding Termination of Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Investigation Regarding Termination of Certification TA-W-80... (Department) has initiated an investigation regarding the possible termination of certification regarding..., South Carolina (hereafter collectively referred to as the subject firm). The certification was issued on...

  17. 77 FR 56870 - Notice of Continuation of Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Continuation of Certification Roseburg Forest Products... August 12, 2011, the Department of Labor (Department) issued a certification regarding workers... Federal Register on September 2, 2011 (76 FR 54796). The certification was based on the Department's...

  18. Internal medicine board certification and career pathways in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koike, Soichi; Matsumoto, Masatoshi; Ide, Hiroo; Kawaguchi, Hideaki; Shimpo, Masahisa; Yasunaga, Hideo

    2017-05-08

    Establishing and managing a board certification system is a common concern for many countries. In Japan, the board certification system is under revision. The purpose of this study was to describe present status of internal medicine specialist board certification, to identify factors associated with maintenance of board certification and to investigate changes in area of practice when physicians move from hospital to clinic practice. We analyzed 2010 and 2012 data from the Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists. We conducted logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with the maintenance of board certification between 2010 and 2012. We also analyzed data on career transition from hospitals to clinics for hospital physicians with board certification. It was common for physicians seeking board certification to do so in their early career. The odds of maintaining board certification were lower in women and those working in locations other than academic hospitals, and higher in physicians with subspecialty practice areas. Among hospital physicians with board certification who moved to clinics between 2010 and 2012, 95.8% remained in internal medicine or its subspecialty areas and 87.7% maintained board certification but changed their practice from a subspecialty area to more general internal medicine. Revisions of the internal medicine board certification system must consider different physician career pathways including mid-career moves while maintaining certification quality. This will help to secure an adequate number and distribution of specialists. To meet the increasing demand for generalist physicians, it is important to design programs to train specialists in general practice.

  19. 40 CFR 86.079-31 - Separate certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Separate certification. 86.079-31... Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.079-31 Separate certification. Where possible a manufacturer should include in a single application for certification all vehicles (or engines...

  20. 75 FR 56857 - Pilot, Flight Instructor, and Pilot School Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 141 RIN 2120-AI86 Pilot, Flight Instructor, and Pilot School Certification AGENCY... Register on August 21, 2009. That final rule revised the training, qualification, certification, and... Certification and Training Branch, AFS-810, General Aviation and Commercial Division, Flight Standards Service...

  1. 42 CFR 486.312 - De-certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false De-certification. 486.312 Section 486.312 Public...) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION CONDITIONS FOR COVERAGE OF SPECIALIZED SERVICES FURNISHED BY SUPPLIERS Requirements for Certification and Designation and Conditions for Coverage: Organ Procurement Organizations Re...

  2. 46 CFR 176.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as Amended (SOLAS) § 176.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel, which carries more than 12 passengers on an international voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate...

  3. 46 CFR 115.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CERTIFICATION International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as Amended (SOLAS) § 115.910 Passenger... must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant issues the original SOLAS... complies with the applicable SOLAS regulations. Subsequent SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificates are...

  4. 42 CFR 84.31 - Certificates of approval; contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificates of approval; contents. 84.31 Section... Disapproval § 84.31 Certificates of approval; contents. (a) The certificate of approval shall contain a classification and a description of the respirator or combination of respirators for which it is issued, as...

  5. Accelerated Learning Certification: Levels I, II and III

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Alliance for Learning, 2004

    2004-01-01

    In this report, the Accelerated Learning Certification Committee presents the results of its efforts to standardize the levels of competency certification for Accelerated Learning. The three levels of competency certification recommended are: (1) The Practitioner level (enables graduates to teach their subject matter with a high level of…

  6. THE STATE OF ISO 9001 CERTIFICATION IN MONTENEGRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdravko Krivokapić

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the state of ISO 9001 certification in Montenegro. Our research will give results of number of certification comparing with citizen number and Gross Domestic Product (GDP. Furthermore, we will compare them with certain countries in region to estimate approximately number of certifications in the moment of becoming EU member. For the model we choose linear regression.

  7. 7 CFR 205.406 - Continuation of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... issue an updated certificate of organic operation on the basis of the information submitted and the most... the regulations in this part and that any of the information specified on the certificate of organic operation has changed, the certifying agent must issue an updated certificate of organic operation pursuant...

  8. PMAA`s Silver/Gold National Certification Program - update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boltz, R. [Vincent R. Boltz, Inc., Lebanon, PA (United States)

    1996-07-01

    The Petroleum Marketers Association of America`s (PMAA) Silver/Gold National Certification Program is discussed. The oil heat technician certification is a process whose time has come. The information age has put us in an era of improved technology as well as improved equipment. The advantages of the oil heat certification program for oil heat dealers, technicians, and customers are listed.

  9. 20 CFR 655.1309 - Labor certification determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Temporary Agricultural Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) § 655.1309 Labor certification determinations. (a) COs. The... certification set forth in § 655.107(a), and thus the employment of the H-2A workers will not adversely affect...

  10. 47 CFR 68.162 - Requirements for Telecommunication Certification Bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Certification Bodies. 68.162 Section 68.162 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.162 Requirements for Telecommunication Certification Bodies. (a) Telecommunication certification bodies (TCBs) designated by the Commission, or designated by another authority...

  11. 36 CFR 67.8 - Certifications of statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... entities which, by law, are not under the jurisdiction of the review body. (b) When the certification of... by the appropriate State or local governing body to apply for certification. (e) Statute... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certifications of statutes...

  12. 20 CFR 656.24 - Labor certification determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....24 Labor certification determinations. (a)(1) The Office of Foreign Labor Certification Administrator... an ETA application processing center may refer the matter to the Office of Foreign Labor... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Labor certification determinations. 656.24...

  13. 20 CFR 656.16 - Labor certification applications for sheepherders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., without attachments, to the Office of Foreign Labor Certification (OFLC) Administrator. (c) Alternative... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Labor certification applications for... LABOR LABOR CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOR PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor...

  14. 48 CFR 52.209-5 - Certification Regarding Responsibility Matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... agency. (2) Principal, for the purposes of this certification, means an officer, director, owner, partner... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding... Clauses 52.209-5 Certification Regarding Responsibility Matters. As prescribed in 9.104-7(a), insert the...

  15. 19 CFR 10.214 - Certificate of Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of Origin. 10.214 Section 10.214... the African Growth and Opportunity Act § 10.214 Certificate of Origin. (a) General. A Certificate of Origin must be employed to certify that a textile or apparel article being exported from a beneficiary...

  16. 27 CFR 28.104 - Certificates of origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificates of origin. 28... to a Manufacturing Bonded Warehouse § 28.104 Certificates of origin. The entry of distilled spirits... official certificate showing the origin and age of such spirits. An appropriate TTB officer may, on request...

  17. 27 CFR 5.56 - Certificates of age and origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... origin. 5.56 Section 5.56 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Labels of Domestically Bottled Distilled Spirits § 5.56 Certificates of age and origin. Distilled spirits... the bottler possesses certificates of age and certificates of origin applicable to such spirits which...

  18. 19 CFR 115.54 - Renewal of certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Renewal of certificate. 115.54 Section 115.54 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE... Procedures for Approval of Individual Road Vehicles § 115.54 Renewal of certificate. A certificate of...

  19. Learning Networks, Networked Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter; Berlanga, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Sloep, P. B., & Berlanga, A. J. (2011). Learning Networks, Networked Learning [Redes de Aprendizaje, Aprendizaje en Red]. Comunicar, XIX(37), 55-63. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-02-05

  20. Monitoring Sustainability Certification of Bioenergy: Impacts of sustainability certification on bioenergy markets and trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goh, C.S.; Junginger, H.M.; et al,; Goovaerts, L.

    2013-01-01

    At present numerous biomass and biofuel sustainability certification schemes are being developed or implemented by a variety of private and public organisations. Schemes are applicable to different feedstock production sectors (forests, agricultural crops), different bioenergy products (wood

  1. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages. Certificates of compliance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-10-01

    This volume contains all Certificates of Compliance for radioactive material packages effective September 14, 1979. Purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance number is included at the back of each volume of the directory.

  2. Consequences of green certificate and volatility in green certificate price : a case study of Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Masroor, Afshan

    2017-01-01

    In last two decades national governments have increased their support to renewable energy sources (RES). The European Union (EU) has been considered as a pioneer in this area. The Norwegian governmental policies have also applied several support schemes to induce investment on environmental friendly technology. One of the main tools presented by the Norwegian government is the Norwegian-Swedish electricity certificate system. The electricity certificate market is a market-based support s...

  3. 7 CFR 322.6 - Export certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE...) Identify any diseases, parasites, or undesirable species or subspecies of honeybee found in the hive during... export certificate identifies a bee disease or parasite of concern to the United States, including, but...

  4. Tiebreaker: Certification and multiple credit ratings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bongaerts, D.; Cremers, K.J.M.; Goetzmann, W.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the role played by multiple credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the market for corporate bonds. Moody’s, S&P and Fitch operate in a competitive setting with market demand for both credit information and the certification value of a high rating. We empirically document the outcome of

  5. 10 CFR 431.36 - Compliance Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies (EE-2J), Forrestal Building... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance Certification. 431.36 Section 431.36 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL...

  6. 9 CFR 592.460 - Appeal certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal certificates. 592.460 Section 592.460 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG... and all copies have been returned when such action is deemed necessary to protect the interest of the...

  7. 7 CFR 322.30 - Export certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export certificate. 322.30 Section 322.30 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT Importation and Transit of...

  8. 78 FR 28079 - Certificates of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... market, the need for a certificate is moot since there are theoretically no products to test and certify. However, very few CPSC bans completely remove all products in a specific category from the market. Instead... product specific CPSC standards, for example at 16 CFR 1508.10 for full-size baby cribs.)'' Proposed Sec...

  9. Policy Pathways: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Improving energy efficiency is one of the most effective measures to address energy security, climate change and economic objectives. The Policy Pathways series can help countries capture this potential by assisting with the implementation of the 25 energy efficiency policy recommendations that were published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2008. This policy pathway on energy performance certification of buildings is the second in the series. It aims to provide a 'how-to' guide to policy makers and relevant stakeholders on the essential elements in implementing energy performance certification of buildings programmes. Energy performance certification of buildings is a way to rate the energy efficiency of individual buildings -- whether they be residential, commercial or public. It is a key policy instrument that can assist governments in reducing energy consumption in buildings. This policy pathway showcases experiences from countries around the world to show examples of good practice and delivers a pathway of ten critical steps to implement energy performance certification of buildings programmes.

  10. Overview of a pharmacist anticoagulation certificate program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, Julienne K; Edwards, Rebecca; Brewer, Andrew; Miller, Cathey; Bray, Bryan; Groce, James B

    2017-07-01

    To describe the design of an ongoing anticoagulation certificate program and annual renewal update for pharmacists. Components of the anticoagulation certificate program include home study, pre- and posttest, live sessions, case discussions with evaluation and presentation, an implementation plan, and survey information (program evaluation and use in practice). Clinical reasoning skills were assessed through case work-up and evaluation prior to live presentation. An annual renewal program requires pharmacists to complete home study and case evaluations. A total of 361 pharmacists completed the anticoagulation certificate program between 2002 and 2015. Most (62%) practiced in ambulatory care and 38% in inpatient care settings (8% in both). In the past four years, 71% were working in or starting anticoagulation clinics in ambulatory and inpatient settings. In their evaluations of the program, an average of 90% of participants agreed or strongly agreed the lecture material was relevant and objectives were met. Pharmacists are able to apply knowledge and skills in management of anticoagulation. This structured practice-based continuing education program was intended to enhance pharmacy practice and has achieved that goal. The certificate program in anticoagulation was relevant to pharmacists who attended the program. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  11. 38 CFR 21.4204 - Periodic certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Schools... on the following items when applicable: (1) Continued enrollment in and pursuit of the course. (2... periodic certifications will show any vacation period or interval between periods of instruction as...

  12. Certificates, Skills and Job Markets in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallet, Louis; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Research conducted in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom examined distribution of certificate holders throughout the economy and the process of competition for access to employment. Supply had a significant effect on the distribution. Emphasis on initial training as opposed to continuing education may be…

  13. Linking Halal Food Certification and Business Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ab Talib, Mohamed Syazwan; Chin, Thoo Ai; Fischer, Johan

    2017-01-01

    performance, consistent with other established food standards such as ISO 22000 or HACCP. Originality/value Although numerous studies have concentrated on well-established food certifications, the expanding Muslim population, rising demand for Halal food, and lucrative Halal food market have raised...

  14. Motivation and benefits of implementation and certification ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR OKE

    The aim of the research is to analyze the different aspects associated with the motivation and benefits of certified ISO 9001 companies in Portugal. A total of 426 certified Portuguese companies were surveyed. The response rate was equal to 61.03 percent. Our results suggest that the main motivation for certification were ...

  15. Energy performance certificate classifications across shifting frameworks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Morten; Wittchen, Kim Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    Large amounts of valuable data are being collected in the energy performance certificate (EPC) schemes. These data offer a huge potential, in terms of enabling researches to study energy demand in buildings and related ausalities. However, revisions of the national schemes and calculation methods...

  16. On the Existence of Compositional Barrier Certificates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Christoffer; Wisniewski, Rafael; Pappas, George J.

    2012-01-01

    analysis is to allow the verification of systems with a high dimension, by the verification of multiple lower dimensional subproblems. In the compositional safety analysis, a particular structure is imposed on the barrier certificate, restricting the applicability of the method. We show an example...

  17. 7 CFR 915.110 - Exemption certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption certificates. 915.110 Section 915.110 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... the Manager of the Avocado Administrative Committee on its behalf, of one or more exemption...

  18. 78 FR 27343 - Medical Examiner's Certification Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts 383, 384 and 391 RIN 2126-AB40 Medical Examiner's Certification Integration AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

  19. 40 CFR 86.1848-01 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.1848-01 Section 86.1848-01 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1848-10 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.1848-10 Section 86.1848-10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...

  1. Tier 3 Certification Fuel Impacts Test Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    The recent Tier 3 regulations for light duty vehicles introduced a new certification fuel designed to be more characteristic of current market fuels. A laboratory test program was conducted to measure differences in CO2 and fuel economy between the current and future certificatio...

  2. CHDS Launches Army National Guard Certificate Program

    OpenAIRE

    Center for Homeland Defense and Security

    2007-01-01

    Center for Homeland Defense and Security, PRESS RELEASES The Naval Postgraduate School’s (NPS) Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS) has launched a certificate program in Homeland Defense and Security (HD/S) specifically for the National Guard (NG). The...

  3. 7 CFR 915.53 - Exemption certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption certificates. 915.53 Section 915.53 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AVOCADOS GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA...

  4. Software Testing An ISEB Intermediate Certificate

    CERN Document Server

    Hambling, Brian

    2009-01-01

    Covering testing fundamentals, reviews, testing and risk, test management and test analysis, this book helps newly qualified software testers to learn the skills and techniques to take them to the next level. Written by leading authors in the field, this is the only official textbook of the ISEB Intermediate Certificate in Software Testing.

  5. 20 CFR 655.165 - Partial certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Temporary Agricultural... otherwise. The number of workers certified will be reduced by one for each referred U.S. worker who is able... the number of H-2A workers requested has been reduced; (b) Offer the applicant an opportunity to...

  6. Voluntary Certification Schemes and Legal Minimum Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herzfeld, T.; Jongeneel, R.A.

    2012-01-01

    EU farmers face increasing requests to comply with legal as well as private agribusiness and retail standards. Both requests potentially raise farmer’s administrative burden. This paper discusses the potential synergies between cross-compliance and third-party certification schemes. In selected

  7. 49 CFR 172.204 - Shipper's certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations.” (b) Exceptions. (1) Except for a hazardous waste, no certification is required for a hazardous material offered for transportation by motor vehicle and transported: (i) In a cargo tank supplied by the... contains radioactive material intended for use in, or incident to, research, or medical diagnosis or...

  8. 2017 Guide to Nursing Certification Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonsall, Lisa Morris; Schnur, Myrna Buiser; Deming, Cara; Fryling-Resare, Kim; Maroldo, Robert

    Nursing specialty certification is one way to enhance your professional development and to exhibit dedication to high-quality, safe patient care and a commitment of excellence to your organization. Use this resource to explore your options and contact the certifying body that meets your needs.

  9. 7 CFR 247.16 - Certification period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.16 Certification period. (a... six weeks post-partum. (2) Elderly persons. For elderly persons, the State agency must establish...

  10. Guinness World Records: Presenting certificates to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Rao, Achintya

    2014-01-01

    The latest edition of the Guinness Book of World Records features CERN, crediting the CMS and ATLAS collaborations for the first observation of a Higgs boson. On 20 August, representatives of Guinness World Records visit CERN to hand over certificates for the record.

  11. 5 CFR 1330.404 - Certification criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... performance; (ii) The results of the senior employee appraisal process take into account, as appropriate, the... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 1330... the performance expectations for individual senior employees derive from, and clearly link to, the...

  12. 49 CFR 178.345-15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... conformance with the applicable specifications. The certificate must include all the information required and... manufactured which does not meet all applicable specification requirements, thereby requiring subsequent... cargo tank manufacturer may affix the name plate and specification plate, as required by § 178.345-14 (b...

  13. 9 CFR 93.913 - Health certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Aquatic Animal Species General Provisions for Vhs-Regulated Fish Species... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Health certificate. 93.913 Section 93.913 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  14. Efficient Management of Certificate Revocation Lists in Smart Grid Advanced Metering Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cebe, Mumin [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Akkaya, Kemal [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States)

    2017-07-19

    Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) forms a communication network for the collection of power data from smart meters in Smart Grid. As the communication within an AMI needs to be secure, key management becomes an issue due to overhead and limited resources. While using public-keys eliminate some of the overhead of key management, there is still challenges regarding certificates that store and certify the publickeys. In particular, distribution and storage of certificate revocation list (CRL) is major a challenge due to cost of distribution and storage in AMI networks which typically consist of wireless multi-hop networks. Motivated by the need of keeping the CRL distribution and storage cost effective and scalable, in this paper, we present a distributed CRL management model utilizing the idea of distributed hash trees (DHTs) from peer-to-peer (P2P) networks. The basic idea is to share the burden of storage of CRLs among all the smart meters by exploiting the meshing capability of the smart meters among each other. Thus, using DHTs not only reduces the space requirements for CRLs but also makes the CRL updates more convenient. We implemented this structure on ns-3 using IEEE 802.11s mesh standard as a model for AMI and demonstrated its superior performance with respect to traditional methods of CRL management through extensive simulations.

  15. New Jersey's electronic birth certificate program: variations in data sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smulian, J C; Ananth, C V; Hanley, M L; Knuppel, R A; Donlen, J; Kruse, L

    2001-05-01

    This study sought to determine primary sources of data for electronic birth certificates. A survey was administered from 1997 through 1998 to maternity facilities in New Jersey requesting information about what primary information sources were used for 53 electronic birth certificate variables. Potential information sources included the facilities' maternal and infant medical records, the prenatal record, and a parent-completed birth certificate worksheet. Among the 66 maternity facilities responding, there was significant variation in the choice of primary data sources for the electronic birth certificate variables examined. The variability of primary sources for electronic birth certificate data acquisition represents a potential cause of systematic error in reported vital statistics information.

  16. Human Systems Integration: Unmanned Aircraft Control Station Certification Plan Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    This document provides guidance to the FAA on important human factors considerations that can be used to support the certification of a UAS Aircraft Control Station (ACS). This document provides a synopsis of the human factors analysis, design and test activities to be performed to provide a basis for FAA certification. The data from these analyses, design activities, and tests, along with data from certification/qualification tests of other key components should be used to establish the ACS certification basis. It is expected that this information will be useful to manufacturers in developing the ACS Certification Plan,, and in supporting the design of their ACS.

  17. PMP Certification All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Stackpole, Cynthia Snyder

    2011-01-01

    Be as prepared as possible to take the PMP certification exam The PMP certification is the most popular project management certification available, but also a very difficult certification to obtain with very demanding requirements. That's where this All-in-One reference comes in. Packed with valuable information for taking the exam, the nine books in one covers everything from the certification process to gathering information for the application and signing up to take the exam, as well as studying for the most pertinent parts of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), and review que

  18. DER Certification Laboratory Pilot, Accreditation Plan, and Interconnection Agreement Handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Key, T.; Sitzlar, H. E.; Ferraro, R.

    2003-11-01

    This report describes the first steps toward creating the organization, procedures, plans and tools for distributed energy resources (DER) equipment certification, test laboratory accreditation, and interconnection agreements. It covers the activities and accomplishments during the first period of a multiyear effort. It summarizes steps taken to outline a certification plan to assist in the future development of an interim plan for certification and accreditation activities. It also summarizes work toward a draft plan for certification, a beta Web site to support communications and materials, and preliminary draft certification criteria.

  19. A network of networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iedema, Rick; Verma, Raj; Wutzke, Sonia; Lyons, Nigel; McCaughan, Brian

    2017-04-10

    Purpose To further our insight into the role of networks in health system reform, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how one agency, the NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation (ACI), and the multiple networks and enabling resources that it encompasses, govern, manage and extend the potential of networks for healthcare practice improvement. Design/methodology/approach This is a case study investigation which took place over ten months through the first author's participation in network activities and discussions with the agency's staff about their main objectives, challenges and achievements, and with selected services around the state of New South Wales to understand the agency's implementation and large system transformation activities. Findings The paper demonstrates that ACI accommodates multiple networks whose oversight structures, self-organisation and systems change approaches combined in dynamic ways, effectively yield a diversity of network governances. Further, ACI bears out a paradox of "centralised decentralisation", co-locating agents of innovation with networks of implementation and evaluation expertise. This arrangement strengthens and legitimates the role of the strategic hybrid - the healthcare professional in pursuit of change and improvement, and enhances their influence and impact on the wider system. Research limitations/implications While focussing the case study on one agency only, this study is unique as it highlights inter-network connections. Contributing to the literature on network governance, this paper identifies ACI as a "network of networks" through which resources, expectations and stakeholder dynamics are dynamically and flexibly mediated and enhanced. Practical implications The co-location of and dynamic interaction among clinical networks may create synergies among networks, nurture "strategic hybrids", and enhance the impact of network activities on health system reform. Social implications Network governance requires more

  20. Settlement of reactive power compensation in the light of white certificates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zajkowski Konrad

    2017-01-01

    The detailed method and an estimation method proposed for the determination of savings on active energy as a result of the reactive power compensation carried out possess some errors and inconvenience. The detailed method requires knowledge of the network topology and a determination of reactive power Q at each point of the network. The estimation method of analysis is easy in execution, especially if the consumer of energy is the main or the most significant purchaser of electricity in the network. Unfortunately, this latter method can be used only for activities that do not require high computational accuracy. The results obtained by this method are approximate values that can be used for the calculation of economic indicators. The estimation method is suitable for determining the number of white certificates when a power audit concerns a recipient of electricity, the structure of which is a large number of divisions scattered at many different locations in the power system.

  1. Death Certification Errors and the Effect on Mortality Statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGivern, Lauri; Shulman, Leanne; Carney, Jan K; Shapiro, Steven; Bundock, Elizabeth

    Errors in cause and manner of death on death certificates are common and affect families, mortality statistics, and public health research. The primary objective of this study was to characterize errors in the cause and manner of death on death certificates completed by non-Medical Examiners. A secondary objective was to determine the effects of errors on national mortality statistics. We retrospectively compared 601 death certificates completed between July 1, 2015, and January 31, 2016, from the Vermont Electronic Death Registration System with clinical summaries from medical records. Medical Examiners, blinded to original certificates, reviewed summaries, generated mock certificates, and compared mock certificates with original certificates. They then graded errors using a scale from 1 to 4 (higher numbers indicated increased impact on interpretation of the cause) to determine the prevalence of minor and major errors. They also compared International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes on original certificates with those on mock certificates. Of 601 original death certificates, 319 (53%) had errors; 305 (51%) had major errors; and 59 (10%) had minor errors. We found no significant differences by certifier type (physician vs nonphysician). We did find significant differences in major errors in place of death ( P statistics. Surveillance and certifier education must expand beyond local and state efforts. Simplifying and standardizing underlying literal text for cause of death may improve accuracy, decrease coding errors, and improve national mortality statistics.

  2. Value, challenges, and satisfaction of certification for multiple sclerosis specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulick, Elsie E; Halper, June

    2014-01-01

    Specialist certification among interdisciplinary multiple sclerosis (MS) team members provides formal recognition of a specialized body of knowledge felt to be necessary to provide optimal care to individuals and families living with MS. Multiple sclerosis specialist certification (MS Certified Specialist, or MSCS) first became available in 2004 for MS interdisciplinary team members, but prior to the present study had not been evaluated for its perceived value, challenges, and satisfaction. A sample consisting of 67 currently certified MS specialists and 20 lapsed-certification MS specialists completed the following instruments: Perceived Value of Certification Tool (PVCT), Perceived Challenges and Barriers to Certification Scale (PCBCS), Overall Satisfaction with Certification Scale, and a demographic data form. Satisfactory reliability was shown for the total scale and four factored subscales of the PVCT and for two of the three factored PCBCS subscales. Currently certified MS specialists perceived significantly greater value and satisfaction than lapsed-certification MS specialists in terms of employer and peer recognition, validation of MS knowledge, and empowering MS patients. Lapsed-certification MS specialists reported increased confidence and caring for MS patients using evidence-based practice. Both currently certified and lapsed-certification groups reported dissatisfaction with MSCS recognition and pay/salary rewards. The results of this study can be used in efforts to encourage initial certification and recertification of interdisciplinary MS team members.

  3. Systemic culture in global manufacturing virtual networks within the aeronautical industry; Cultura sistemaca en las redes virtuales de fabricacion global de la industria aeronautica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez-Monroy, C.

    2010-07-01

    This paper analyzes the existence of a systemic culture in global manufacturing virtual networks (GMVN). In order to validate the proposed model, based on a conceptual model of systemic culture, the case methodology have been applied to an example within the aeronautical industry that has been one of the most successful relationships within GMVNs, the collaboration between GE and SNECMA for the CFM 56 engine manufacturing. These organizations are formed by very dynamic companies that manufacture all types of products or services, and vertical relations between themselves, ( in some cases even direct competitors), where it is not necessary maintaining large internal manufacturing resources, just managing and sharing these resources efficiently in the network. This study about organizational culture at the network level includes aspects such as cultural similarity among its actors, social embeddedness, tacit knowledge transfer or the importance of trust at inter-firm collaborations. The presence under a systemic perspective, of homogeneous cultural values and practices in which network actors can be identified may strengthen the group membership or establish a social network that underlies the own GMVN and facilitates interactions among its members. The feasibility of this approach would facilitate the formation of new GMVNs, by establishing, ex ante, a cultural prescriptive model at the network level. (Author) 14 refs.

  4. Institutional Review Boards’ Use and Understanding of Certificates of Confidentiality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beskow, Laura M.; Check, Devon K.; Namey, Emily E.; Dame, Lauren A.; Lin, Li; Cooper, Alexandra; Weinfurt, Kevin P.; Wolf, Leslie E.

    2012-01-01

    Certificates of Confidentiality, issued by agencies of the U.S. government, are regarded as an important tool for meeting ethical and legal obligations to safeguard research participants’ privacy and confidentiality. By shielding against forced disclosure of identifying data, Certificates are intended to facilitate research on sensitive topics critical to the public’s health. Although Certificates are potentially applicable to an extensive array of research, their full legal effect is unclear, and little is known about stakeholders’ views of the protections they provide. To begin addressing this challenge, we conducted a national survey of institutional review board (IRB) chairs, followed by telephone interviews with selected chairs, to learn more about their familiarity with and opinions about Certificates; their institutions’ use of Certificates; policies and practices concerning when Certificates are required or recommended; and the role Certificates play in assessments of research risk. Overall, our results suggest uncertainty about Certificates among IRB chairs. On most objective knowledge questions, most respondents chose the incorrect answer or ‘unsure’. Among chairs who reported more familiarity with Certificates, composite opinion scores calculated based on five survey questions were evenly distributed among positive, neutral/middle, and negative views. Further, respondents expressed a variety of ideas about the appropriate use of Certificates, what they are intended to protect, and their effect on research risk. Nevertheless, chairs who participated in our study commonly viewed Certificates as a potentially valuable tool, frequently describing them as an ‘extra layer’ of protection. These findings lead to several practical observations concerning the need for more stakeholder education about Certificates, consideration of Certificates for a broader range of studies, the importance of remaining vigilant and using all tools available to

  5. IS ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION LOSING ITS CREDIBILITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.R. Ramesh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ISO certification was a great hope for many stakeholders in India for making the country strong in terms of quality practices. It was a blessing in disguise when in early nineties; buyers were imposing conditions that you should be ISO compliant to do business with them. ISO was a great system to bring in improvements in the way an organization functions. But unfortunately some have adopted a short cut approach in getting the certification done. It is only just before the audit team comes for re-inspection that firms start removing dust from the quality manual files so that they can pretend that that they follow those systems. But a real commitment to adhering to these systems is missing. The paper describes such scenario existing in some quarters in India and warns against such practices for the overall good of the system.

  6. Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator Life Certification Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusick, Jeffrey J.; Zampino, Edward J.

    2013-01-01

    An Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) power supply is being developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with NASA for potential future deep space science missions. Unlike previous radioisotope power supplies for space exploration, such as the passive MMRTG used recently on the Mars Curiosity rover, the ASRG is an active dynamic power supply with moving Stirling engine mechanical components. Due to the long life requirement of 17 years and the dynamic nature of the Stirling engine, the ASRG project faced some unique challenges trying to establish full confidence that the power supply will function reliably over the mission life. These unique challenges resulted in the development of an overall life certification plan that emphasizes long-term Stirling engine test and inspection when analysis is not practical. The ASRG life certification plan developed is described.

  7. Certificate Completion And Compliance (CCC For Building Certification In Malaysia: Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakaria R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Certification of buildings is one of the conditions set by the government to ensure that buildings are constructed to achieve the required standards. This intended to safeguard the interests of the parties involved, especially the buyers. To improve public service delivery while not ignoring the interests of those involved, government held a new system for new building to obtain theirbuilding certification. The new system used called Certificate Completion and Compliance (CCC where the appointed professionals were commonly known as Prinsiple Submitting Person (PSP, which will issue the certificate of the building. This study is to look at the existing literature related to building certification using PSP services under this CCC method. Literature from both local and overseas were revied in this paper. The authors intend to collect data from respondentsthat is the architects of 337 people and covers 12 local authorities in Selangor (first developed state in Malaysia. All types of buildings involved in this study. This study uses quantitative methods and qualitative questionnaires through interviews with respondents. All data were analysed by descriptive and inferential statisticsapproach.

  8. Predicted airframe noise levels for certification flights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, P. J. W.

    1981-01-01

    A correction is presented for a previously published inconsistency in predicted airframe noise values, which were based on approach velocities lower than those required for FAA certification. New figures are given for the following aircraft: DC-9-30, 727-200, A300-B2, L-1011, DC-10-10, and 747-200B. The new levels average 2.3 dB higher than those calculated for typical approach speeds.

  9. Computational Certification under Limited Experiments (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-26

    distribution unlimited. Computational Certification 3 has a rather narrow parametric design space due to the fact that the mathematical...two characteristics: (i) it is computationally inexpensive for large-scale nonlinear problems, and (ii) it has a sizable parametric design space that... architecture depicted in Figure 2. (a) (b) (c) Figure 2. The eight-harness-weave unit cell: (a) parametric model, (b) finite element mesh of

  10. Energy management system certification in industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jovanović Bojana V.

    2014-01-01

    Energy management system is a set of interrelated or interacting elements aiming to establish an energy policy and energy objectives, including processes and procedures to achieve those objectives. Certification of energy management systems according to standards EN 16001 and new standard ISO 50001 is a way to sustain energy use in an organization. There has been a lot of research about different aspects of energy efficiency and energy management in global industries, but none about the state...

  11. Can satellites help organic crop certification?

    OpenAIRE

    Denis, Antoine; Desclee, Baudouin; Migdall, Silke; Hanssen, Herbert; Bach, Heike; Ott, Pierre; Tychon, Bernard

    2012-01-01

    Organic agriculture, while producing healthy food and contributing to protect the environment, needs to be certified in order to meet the consumers confidence. The objective of this study was to investigate how earth observation techniques could enhance the crop certification process and in particular the possibility to discriminate organic and conventional fields. These different crop management methods results in crop biophysical differences which are supposed to be observable by earth obse...

  12. Effect of physician collaboration network on hospitalization cost and readmission rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uddin, Shahadat; Hossain, Liaquat; Kelaher, Margaret

    2012-10-01

    Previous studies have documented the effect of collaboration among physicians on the effectiveness in delivering health services and in producing better patient outcomes. However, there is no systematic empirical study suggesting the underlying relationship between the collaboration network of physicians and its effect on hospitalization cost and readmission rate. In this study, we explore the effect of different attributes (i.e. degree centrality, betweenness centrality, network density and network distance) of physician collaboration network (PCN) on hospitalization cost and readmission rate. We analyse health insurance claim data set of total hip replacement (THR) patients to construct PCN and to test the effect of its network attributes on hospitalization cost and readmission rate. We consider patient age as moderating factor, which could affect the relation of the PCN attributes with hospitalization cost and readmission rate. We find that degree centrality (i.e. level of involvement) and network density (i.e. level of connectedness) of PCN are negatively correlated with hospitalization cost and readmission rate. In contrast, betweenness centrality (i.e. capacity to control the flow of information) is found positively correlated with hospitalization cost and readmission rate. Distance (i.e. embeddedness of actors in a network) is found positively correlated with hospitalization cost but negatively correlated with readmission rate. We do not notice any significant impact of patient age on the relation of PCN attributes with hospitalization cost and readmission rate. The results show that the structure of PCNs is related to indicators of hospital costs and quality (readmission). In their respective hospitals, health-care managers or administrators may follow our research findings to reduce cost and improve quality.

  13. Settlement of reactive power compensation in the light of white certificates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajkowski, Konrad

    2017-10-01

    The article discusses the problem of the determination of savings on active energy as a result of a reactive power compensation. Statutory guidance on the required energy audit to obtain white certificates in the European Union was followed. The analysis was made on the basis of the Polish Law. The paper presents a detailed analytical method and an estimation method taking into account the impact on the line, the transformer and the generator. According to the relevant guidelines in the European Union, the reduction of CO2 emissions by calculating the saving of active power should be determined. The detailed method and an estimation method proposed for the determination of savings on active energy as a result of the reactive power compensation carried out possess some errors and inconvenience. The detailed method requires knowledge of the network topology and a determination of reactive power Q at each point of the network. The estimation method of analysis is easy in execution, especially if the consumer of energy is the main or the most significant purchaser of electricity in the network. Unfortunately, this latter method can be used only for activities that do not require high computational accuracy. The results obtained by this method are approximate values that can be used for the calculation of economic indicators. The estimation method is suitable for determining the number of white certificates when a power audit concerns a recipient of electricity, the structure of which is a large number of divisions scattered at many different locations in the power system.

  14. 46 CFR 31.40-5 - Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate-T/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate-T/ALL. 31.40... a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate. This certificate shall be issued by the U.S. Coast... CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 § 31.40-5 Cargo Ship...

  15. 40 CFR 91.122 - Amending the application and certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... certificate of conformity. 91.122 Section 91.122 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Standards and Certification Provisions § 91.122 Amending the application and certificate of conformity. (a... to a certificate of conformity or changes are to be made to a product line covered by a certificate...

  16. 40 CFR 94.210 - Amending the application and certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... certificate of conformity. 94.210 Section 94.210 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Certification Provisions § 94.210 Amending the application and certificate of conformity. (a) The manufacturer... for certification are to be made to a product line covered by a certificate of conformity. This...

  17. Estimating water user demand for certification of forest watershed services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaung, Wanggi; Bull, Gary Q; Sumaila, Ussif Rashid; Markum; Putzel, Louis

    2018-02-16

    Eco-certification is one solution to the common problem of verification of delivery of services in payment for ecosystem services (PES) schemes. Certification incurs costs, which may limit uptake, so it should be able to benefit users of certified services for it succeeds. In part to inform a project targeting expansion of the Forest Stewardship Council's forest management certification to include ecosystem services, we tested market demand for a potential certification scheme for watershed services. Using choice experiments among end-users of water subject to an existing PES scheme in Lombok, Indonesia, we assessed potential business values of certification. Our results suggested that preferred business values included credible information disclosure on improved water quality, reduced flood risk, environmental safeguards, and/or social safeguards of the upstream forests. These preferences indicate potential demand for a certification of forest watershed services designed to provide such information to end users. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. NATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR DIGITAL CAMERA SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Yaron

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Digital camera systems are a key component in the production of reliable, geometrically accurate, high-resolution geospatial products. These systems have replaced film imaging in photogrammetric data capturing. Today, we see a proliferation of imaging sensors collecting photographs in different ground resolutions, spectral bands, swath sizes, radiometric characteristics, accuracies and carried on different mobile platforms. In addition, these imaging sensors are combined with navigational tools (such as GPS and IMU, active sensors such as laser scanning and powerful processing tools to obtain high quality geospatial products. The quality (accuracy, completeness, consistency, etc. of these geospatial products is based on the use of calibrated, high-quality digital camera systems. The new survey regulations of the state of Israel specify the quality requirements for each geospatial product including: maps at different scales and for different purposes, elevation models, orthophotographs, three-dimensional models at different levels of details (LOD and more. In addition, the regulations require that digital camera systems used for mapping purposes should be certified using a rigorous mapping systems certification and validation process which is specified in the Director General Instructions. The Director General Instructions for digital camera systems certification specify a two-step process as follows: 1. Theoretical analysis of system components that includes: study of the accuracy of each component and an integrative error propagation evaluation, examination of the radiometric and spectral response curves for the imaging sensors, the calibration requirements, and the working procedures. 2. Empirical study of the digital mapping system that examines a typical project (product scale, flight height, number and configuration of ground control points and process. The study examine all the aspects of the final product including; its accuracy, the

  19. National Guidelines for Digital Camera Systems Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaron, Yaron; Keinan, Eran; Benhamu, Moshe; Regev, Ronen; Zalmanzon, Garry

    2016-06-01

    Digital camera systems are a key component in the production of reliable, geometrically accurate, high-resolution geospatial products. These systems have replaced film imaging in photogrammetric data capturing. Today, we see a proliferation of imaging sensors collecting photographs in different ground resolutions, spectral bands, swath sizes, radiometric characteristics, accuracies and carried on different mobile platforms. In addition, these imaging sensors are combined with navigational tools (such as GPS and IMU), active sensors such as laser scanning and powerful processing tools to obtain high quality geospatial products. The quality (accuracy, completeness, consistency, etc.) of these geospatial products is based on the use of calibrated, high-quality digital camera systems. The new survey regulations of the state of Israel specify the quality requirements for each geospatial product including: maps at different scales and for different purposes, elevation models, orthophotographs, three-dimensional models at different levels of details (LOD) and more. In addition, the regulations require that digital camera systems used for mapping purposes should be certified using a rigorous mapping systems certification and validation process which is specified in the Director General Instructions. The Director General Instructions for digital camera systems certification specify a two-step process as follows: 1. Theoretical analysis of system components that includes: study of the accuracy of each component and an integrative error propagation evaluation, examination of the radiometric and spectral response curves for the imaging sensors, the calibration requirements, and the working procedures. 2. Empirical study of the digital mapping system that examines a typical project (product scale, flight height, number and configuration of ground control points and process). The study examine all the aspects of the final product including; its accuracy, the product pixels size

  20. Healthcare teams over the Internet: towards a certificate-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Christos K; Mavridis, Ioannis K; Pangalos, George I

    2002-01-01

    Healthcare environments are a representative case of collaborative environments since individuals (e.g. doctors) in many cases collaborate in order to provide care to patients in a more proficient way. At the same time modem healthcare institutions are increasingly interested in sharing access of their information resources in the networked environment. Healthcare applications over the Internet offer an attractive communication infrastructure at worldwide level but with a noticeably great factor of risk. Security has therefore become a major concern for healthcare applications over the Internet. However, although an adequate level of security can be relied upon digital certificates, if an appropriate security policy is used, additional security considerations are needed in order to deal efficiently with the above team-work concerns. The already known Hybrid Access Control security model supports and handles efficiently healthcare teams with active security capabilities and is capable to exploit the benefits of certificate technology. In this paper we present the way for encoding the appropriate authoritative information in various types of certificates, as well as the overall operational architecture of the implemented access control system for healthcare collaborative environments over the Internet. A pilot implementation of the proposed methodology in a major Greek hospital has shown the applicability of the proposals and the flexibility of the access control provided.