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Sample records for nesbiatie martabe-ye bala

  1. Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala : Between Anti-Racism, Antisemitism, and Holocaust Denial

    OpenAIRE

    Jobard, Fabien

    2017-01-01

    International audience; This article deals with the role played by Dieudonné M'Bala M'Bala aka. Dieudonné in the challenging of Jews' extermination during WW2. As a very famous humorist in France, Dieudonné promoted a mix of anti-Semitic stances, Holocaust denial, and conspiracy theories which is even more surprising given that in the early stages of his career Dieudonné was initially viewed as an anti-racist activist with a strong personal commitment fighting the radical-right party Front Na...

  2. Carol Ann Duffy: A Preliminary Bibliography | Bala | Gender and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Carol Ann Duffy: A Preliminary Bibliography. I Bala. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  3. DESENVOLVIMENTO DE BALAS MASTIGÁVEIS ADICIONADAS DE INULINA

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    ALEX AUGUSTO GONÇALVES

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O segmento de confeitos em geral, onde se destacam as balas, está muito presente no cenário brasileiro e mundial. As indústrias vêm constantemente aprimorando seus produtos com a incorporação de novos ingredientes e tecnologias, para atender principalmente as necessidades exigidas pelos consumidores, que estão cada vez mais exigentes em relação à qualidade do produto a ser consumido. Com base nesta premissa e vislumbrando atender esta nova tendência de mercado a proposta deste trabalho foi o desenvolvimento de uma bala mastigável adicionada de inulina. A inulina é um carboidrato (frutano que não é digerido no trato gastro-intestinal superior do ser humano, e exerce efeito bifidogênico, estimulando o crescimento e/ou a atividade das bactérias benéficas do cólon, ajudando na manutenção da fl ora intestinal e prevenção do câncer (prebiótico. Foram desenvolvidas duas formulações de balas mastigáveis, com e sem inulina na composição. Realizaram- se análises microbiológicas, físico-químicas e análise sensorial. As amostras analisadas adequaram-se à legislação brasileira nos parâmetros físico-químicos e microbiológicos avaliados e, quanto à análise sensorial, observou-se boa aceitação do produto. A adição de inulina à formulação trouxe uma variação significativa no atributo textura, tendo um aumento na maciez do produto final.

  4. Distance spectrum of Indu–Bala product of graphs

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    G. Indulal

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The D-eigenvalues μ1,μ2,…,μn of a graph G of order n are the eigenvalues of its distance matrix D and form the distance spectrum or D-spectrum of G denoted by SpecD(G. Let G1 and G2 be two regular graphs. The Indu–Bala product of G1 and G2 is denoted by G1▾G2 and is obtained from two disjoint copies of the join G1∨G2 of G1 and G2 by joining the corresponding vertices in the two copies of G2. In this paper we obtain the distance spectrum of G1▾G2 in terms of the adjacency spectra of G1 and G2. We use this result to obtain a new class of distance equienergetic graphs of diameter 3. We also prove that the class of graphs Kn¯▾Kn+1¯ has integral distance spectrum.

  5. Dielectric studies on cerium doped BaLa2Ti3O10

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    Parshuram B. Abhange

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The BaLa2-xCexTi3O10 samples (with x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 were prepared by hydroxide co-precipitation method and finally sintered at 1150 °C. The structure of the prepared samples was characterized by XRD and SEM. The single phase material was confirmed only for the BaLa1.8Ce0.2Ti3O10 ceramics. However, at higher cerium concentration secondary phase was observed. The characteristic plate-like structure, having grains with submicrometer thickness and high aspect ratio, was clearly observed by SEM. The results of dielectric measurement suggest that the appropriate adjustment of doping (with x between 0.2 and 0.8 will give sufficient high dielectric constant at very low loss. The resistivity of samples decreases with increase in temperature indicating the normal semiconducting electrical behaviour.

  6. Performance of masonry buildings during the 20 and 27 December 2007 Bala (Ankara earthquakes in Turkey

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    S. Adanur

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the performance of masonry buildings during the 20 and 27 December 2007 Bala (Ankara earthquakes. Bala is a township located 50 km southeast from Ankara city in Turkey. The majority of the buildings in the affected region are built in masonry. Most of masonry buildings were formed with random or coursed stone and mud brick walls without any reinforcement. Many of these buildings were damaged or had collapsed. The cracking and failure patterns of the buildings are examined and interpreted according to current provisions for earthquake resistance of masonry structures. The damages are due to several reasons such as poor construction quality and poor workmanship of the buildings. In addition to these reasons, the two earthquakes hit the buildings within seven days, causing progressive damage.

  7. Clinical study of the Immunoglobululin Enhancing effect of “Bala compound” on Infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appaji, Rao R.; Sharma, R.D.; Katiyar, G. P.; Sai, Prasad A.J.V.

    2009-01-01

    Kaumarbhritya a branch of Asthanga Ayurveda deals with neonatal, infant and child health care. Multicentric studies conducted in various developed and developing countries have indicated that Infant Mortality Rate (I.M.R.) is very high in developing countries, and infection has been observed as the major cause. Immune system in neonates is not yet fully functional. Bala compound having the ingredients of Atibala (Abutilon indicum Linn), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Linn), Vidanga (Emblica ribes burn), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia Welld Miers), Pippali (Piperlongum linn), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn), Shankhapuspi (Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois ), Vacha (Acorus calamus Linn), Musta (Cyperus rotundus Linn) and Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum wall) are Medhya as well as Rasayana drugs mention in Ayurvedic classics. ‘Bala compound” was tried in infants in the form of oral drops for a period of six months and result was assessed for serum immuoglobulins IgG, IgM, IgA for three months of interval of two follow ups (i.e., third and six month of infant). There is significant increase of immunoglobulins observed after six months administration of ‘Bala compoumd” PMID:22557316

  8. Clinical study of the Immunoglobululin Enhancing effect of "Bala compound" on Infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appaji, Rao R; Sharma, R D; Katiyar, G P; Sai, Prasad A J V

    2009-01-01

    Kaumarbhritya a branch of Asthanga Ayurveda deals with neonatal, infant and child health care. Multicentric studies conducted in various developed and developing countries have indicated that Infant Mortality Rate (I.M.R.) is very high in developing countries, and infection has been observed as the major cause. Immune system in neonates is not yet fully functional. Bala compound having the ingredients ofAtibala (Abutilon indicum Linn), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Linn), Vidanga (Emblica ribes burn), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia Welld Miers), Pippali (Piperlongum linn), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn), Shankhapuspi (Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois ), Vacha (Acorus calamus Linn), Musta (Cyperus rotundus Linn) and Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum wall) are Medhya as well as Rasayana drugs mention in Ayurvedic classics. 'Bala compound" was tried in infants in the form of oral drops for a period of six months and result was assessed for serum immuoglobulins IgG, IgM, IgA for three months of interval of two follow ups (i.e., third and six month of infant). There is significant increase of immunoglobulins observed after six months administration of 'Bala compoumd"

  9. The Upper Cretaceous to Palaeogene Sedimentary History and Tectonic Evolution of the Bala Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Emre, Mehmet Fahrettin

    1985-01-01

    The study area is situated on the northern extension of the Tuzgolu basin, (Central Anatolia) and contains Upper Cretaceous--Tertiary volcanic, clastic, and carbonate rocks with evaporites deposited on an ophiolitic melange basement, the Ankara Melange. The present structure of the area is the result of tectonism during late Alpine movements. The movements controlled the timing and conditions of sediment accumulation. The Bala basin evolved on the northern continental margin of the Kirsehi...

  10. Mapping Terrain Deformations after the 20th and 27th December 2007 Bala (Ankara, Turkey) Earthquakes with SAR Interferometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemiec, Magdalena; Perski, Zbigniew; Borkowski, Andrzej

    2010-03-01

    Turkey is one of the most seismically active region of the Earth due to the fact that it is located on the Anatolian tectonic plate, in the transpression zone between Arabian and Eurasian plates. Continuous seismic observations in the region of Ankara confirmed permanent quakes occurrences, especially in Bala district.The aim of this study is to investigate possible terrain de- formation after earthquakes with magnitude 5.6 and 5.5 and following aftershocks which occurred in Bala region on December 20 and 27, 2007. The series of 10 ASAR Envisat images with the temporal baseline of 35 days was used for the verification of seismic and geological hypothesis and measurements. Coherence maps and interferograms were processed using DORIS (Delft Object- Oriented Radar Interferometric Software). The objective of our research was to use interferometric products like SAR inteferograms and coherence maps for the tectonical interpretation of Bala earthquakes in terms of local surface deformations. Unfortunately, due to the low coherence the interferometric products were hard to be interpreted and no deformation signal was identified. Possible causes of poor results are discussed.

  11. Don't break my locust trees: conceptions of history and politics in Đorđe Balašević's songs

    OpenAIRE

    Tadić, Vinko; Đurđević, Goran

    2017-01-01

    Songwriter Đorđe Balašević from Novi Sad is one of the notable singers and poets of the Southeast Europe. Balašević is well known for his characteristic metaphors, comparisons and personifications as well as his social activism. In this context his songs about the past and the present (or rather the present that was actual at the time of the writing – then-present) are being reviewed. Authors distinguish four groups: songs about World War I (Warrior with Peasant Heart, Galicia, Aco My Bro, Oh...

  12. Tunable Upconversion Luminescence and Energy Transfer Process in BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+ Phosphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lefu Mei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+ has been synthesized via a high temperature solid-state method, and the tunable upconversion luminescence and energy transfer process between Yb3+ and Er3+ in this system have been demonstrated. Upon 980 nm laser excitation, the intense green and red emission around 527, 553, and 664 nm were observed for BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+, which can be assigned to the characteristic energy level transitions of 2H11/2 → 4I15/2, 4S3/2 → 4I15/2, and 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 of Er3+, respectively. The critical Er3+ quenching concentration (QC was determined to be about 5 mol%, and the power studies indicated that mixture of 2- and 3-photon process was responsible for the green and red upconversion luminescence.

  13. 178 - 181 Umar Bala

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. AMIN

    2011-12-02

    Dec 2, 2011 ... State. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Study Site. Sabke reservoir is located at Longitude 13º 4' North and Latitude 8º 10' E at 451 meters above sea, and. 35km northwest of Daura ... million cubic meters of water and a flood storage capacity of 56 million ... the ovary is then obtained from the equation: F=nG g.

  14. Qualidade de balas de gelatina fortificadas com vitaminas A, C e E Quality of gelatine gums fortified with vitamins A, C and E

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    Telma Garcia

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo verificar a estabilidade das vitaminas A, C e E, na forma de acetato de vitamina A, ácido ascórbico e acetato de vitamina E, sobredosadas em 80%, 80% e 50% respectivamente na fortificação de confeitos do tipo balas de gelatina, fornecendo 30% da IDR destas vitaminas em 100 g de produto. As vitaminas adicionadas não afetaram a qualidade das gomas de gelatina em relação à textura e claridade, parâmetros estes avaliados após processamento. Houve uma perda média no processamento de vitamina A de 25% em relação ao adicionado, seguida da vitamina E com 12% e vitamina C com 1%. Aumentando-se a temperatura de depósito da calda das gomas, de 70ºC para 80ºC encontrou-se uma diminuição na concentração da vitamina A de aproximadamente 37% e de 9% para a vitamina C. A eliminação do ácido cítrico da formulação das gomas com o propósito de minimizar perdas no processo não foi benéfica para as vitaminas C e E. Na estocagem de 6 meses obteve-se uma queda média de 93% da vitamina A, 57% para a vitamina C e 24% da vitamina E. Verificou-se, portanto que as vitaminas A e C irão ditar a vida de prateleira das gomas de gelatina e não foram sobredosadas em concentrações suficientes para garantir o declarado no rótulo até 6 meses numa estocagem controlada a 20ºC.This study had as objective to verify the stability of vitamins A, C and E, in the form of vitamin A acetate, ascorbic acid and vitamin E acetate, with overages at 80%, 80% and 50% respectively in gelatine gums confectionery type, supplying 30% of RDI of these vitamins in 100 g product. The added vitamins did not affect the quality of gelatine gums in relation to the texture and clarity, which were analyzed after processing; however, the gums with vitamins became brown with shelf life, being vitamin C the responsible for the presented defect. There were an average loss of vitamin A of 25% in relation to the initially added, followed by vitamin E

  15. Nef’i’nin Kasidelerinde Mübalağa Sanatındaki Ayrıntılar Details of the Hypperbolısm in the Odes of Nef’i

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    Ali BALALAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Nef’i is one of the most powerful ode and satirical poet of Divan literature. He had used all the details of hyperbolisim in his poems. He had used the hyperbolisim by using the power of poetry but at the same time he had not disturb the imagination of the readers while using the hyperbolisim. In order to lighten the mood of hyperbole he always left some doors open. Greatness of sultans are explained in the hyperbolisim related tothe parise of the sultans. Love towards the horses is not an ordinarybare love. He uses horse as an image by giving different meanings. Inhis satires he criticizes in a strong way just the opposite of hispraisings. The explanation of cosmic universe gives chance to explainthe ideas in an indirect way. In the odes of Nef-i the realities areexplained in degrees. In order to understand the meaning of his words,these degrees should be analised in detailes. He had resembled hiswords as an closed magazine. This feature also shows the walue of hisworks. In this ode Nef-i tries to Express the importance of the meaningof the words rather than the structures of the sentences.The poet sometimes sees himself as an diver who searches pear inthe sea of meaning. Sea symbolises the meaning of hugeness,greatness, foreverness. Sea represents the soul of poet and thinkingvisdom of poems. The poet had tried to explain his dream world whenhe had used the hyperbolisim in his poems. While he was exaggeratingthe events, he had tried to explain the hiden reality and he had alsotried to show the most extraordinarry events as ordinary tings.Theability of using hyperbolisim in his poems comes from this feature. Nef’i, Divan edebiyatının en güçlü kaside ve hiciv şairidir. Nef’i, kasidelerinde mübalağa sanatının bütün detaylarını işlemiştir. Şiirin üst dilinden yararlanarak mübalağa sanatını en iyi kullanan sanatçı, okuyucunun hayalini incitmemiştir. Şiirlerindeki aşırı abartıyı yumuşatmak için mutlaka bir a

  16. Incidência e severidade do "furo de bala" em folhas da ameixeira sob doses de nitrogênio e potássio Incidence and severity of 'shot hole' in plum´s leaves related into nitrogen and potassium doses

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    Inês Tutida

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available A produção integrada (PI vem suprir uma demanda crescente de frutos de qualidade, garantir segurança alimentar, produção com qualidade ambiental e rastreabilidade. Na visão da PI, as práticas da adubação e do controle de doenças estão intimamente relacionadas; no entanto, tem sido negligenciadas e pouco estudadas, principalmente para a doença "furo de bala" (Wilsonomyces carpophilus em folhas de ameixeira (Prunus salicina. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a incidência e severidade dessa doença em doses combinadas de adubação com N e K em dois ciclos de cultivo comercial de ameixeira cv "Reubennel", no município de Araucária (PR. Foram utilizadas cinco doses de N (40, 80, 120, 160 e 200kg ha-1ano-1 e duas de K (55 e 110kg ha-1ano-1. Realizaram-se sete avaliações para incidência e severidade a cada 20 dias, no período de novembro/2004 a março/2005 e em data única em outubro/2005. Os dados da primeira safra foram integralizados no tempo, constituindo a área abaixo da curva de progresso da doença (AACPD da incidência e severidade, e os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pela teoria dos modelos lineares generalizados para dados longitudinais. A doença foi mais severa no segundo ano de avaliação, sendo observado o máximo de 0,70 e 2,25 para o primeiro e o segundo ano, respectivamente. A incidência e a severidade de "furo de bala" em folhas de ameixeira são superiores nas doses de 160 e 200kg ha-1ano-1 de nitrogênio. O potássio não interfere na incidência e severidade da doença devido ao seu elevado teor encontrado no solo e na planta.Integrated Production (IP can provide the growing demand for quality fruit, food safety, environmental protection, and product traceability. In IP, fertilization practices and disease control are viewed as being closely related. However, this linkage has been mostly ignored and few studies are available concerning the 'shot hole' phytopathogen (Wilsonomyces carpophilus in

  17. Women Poetry from Northern Nigeria: A Bibliographical Note | Bala ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many critics have decried what is often called “the zero presence” of the female voice in Nigerian poetry: Nigerian female writers trail behind their male counterparts for a number of reasons (literary, historical and cultural). This is more pronounced if not more acute in Northern Nigeria, where literature of English expression ...

  18. Seepage assessment of Hattian Bala landslide dam using hydrological data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niazi, F.S. [Georgia Inst.of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Akram, T.; Haider, S. [National Univ. of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan). National Inst.of Transportation

    2009-07-01

    In 2005, a M7.6 earthquake in Pakistan triggered a landslide that blocked two tributaries of the Jhelum River at their confluence, near Muzzafarabad, Azad Kashmir, creating two lakes. Flooding upstream of this natural dam can cause substantial downstream damage in case of failure. This paper presented the results of a study aimed at evaluating the inflow of water into the dam body through seepage from the larger lake by utilizing hydrological data. The objectives of the study were to assess the possibility of seepage from Karli Lake by comparing daily upstream inflows from both channels with the downstream discharges; estimate the loss of water into the dam body from Karli Lake by comparing the actual daily increase in volume in the Karli Lake with the daily upstream inflow volume of Karli channel; and estimate the seepage volume by combining the upstream inflow volume and comparing it with the downstream discharge volume. Although the desired results could not be obtained due to inadequate data, a practical method was developed for use in similar cases. 10 refs., 1 tab., 13 figs.

  19. Indigenous Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship in the Bolivian Amazon: Lessons from San Miguel del Bala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Peredo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of community-based ecotourism is contingent upon the community’s involvement in the development and management of activities, as well as their access to and the comprehensiveness of benefits. The ecotourism business owned by the Tacana Indigenous community of San Miguel in the Bolivian Amazon provides a model as to how Indigenous communities can harness social entrepreneurship to address economic, social, and environmental challenges. This article reviews the origins and development of this business, and draws on participant observation research, interviews, surveys, and economic analysis to illustrate the lessons learned and challenges faced. The findings are presented to inform existing and new Indigenous tourism ventures, policy considerations, and future research.

  20. 29_172 - 176_Bala et al.,_Proximate and Mineral analysis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user pc

    while mango has the highest fiber content. Concentration of Ca was found to be highes levels Mg were found to be highest in the p levels of K and P were highest in the. 48.6±0.2mg/100g respectively) with sign segments of the fruit. The level of Na. (6.7±0.7mg/100g). The results obtained sho protein, available carbohydrate ...

  1. Balas y votos: Violencia y participación electoral en México

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Trelles; University of Pittburgh; Miguel Carreras; University of Pittburgh

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the effect of criminal violence on electoral participation in Mexico. Many scholars have studied the origins of criminal violence, as well as the success or failure of contemporary regimes in dealing with it. However, few have studied how it affects voter turnout. Following recent findings in the behavioral subfield, we hypothesize that as criminal violence increases, citizens abandon public channels of participation and take refuge in their private spheres. Using lon...

  2. AY Bala, T. Adamu, U. Abubakar, MJ Ladan and MG Abubakar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    Studies on the In Vitro Trypanocidal Effect of the Extracts of Some Selected Medicinal Plants in .... debilitating effects. Some of these diseases are usually characterized by inappetence, lethargy, weakness, loss of weight, emaciation, pica, rough hair coat, lameness, abortion .... peculiarities in the metabolic disposition of the.

  3. AY Bala, T. Adamu, U. Abubakar, MJ Ladan and MG Abubakar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    Chagas' disease, is caused by T. cruzi. Sleeping sickness and Chagas' disease are both transmitted by vectors (Segura et al., 1999). Human African Trypanosomiasis is transmitted during blood meals by tsetse flies, while the. American Trypanosomiasis is transmitted by reduviid bugs. In addition to human infectious.

  4. Cravo, canela, bala e favela Clove and cinnamon, guns and slums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Pereira Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir da discussão sobre o lugar do corpo feminino subalterno, palco de conflitos onde se desdobram as tensões resultantes das relações desiguais de gênero, raça e classe no Brasil, este artigo se propõe a realizar uma leitura de textos ficcionais recentes - nomeadamente os romances As mulheres de Tijucopapo, de Marilene Felinto, e Ponciá Vicêncio, de Conceição Evaristo, e o filme O céu de Suely, de Karim Aïnouz -, inserindo-os no debate de um projeto de tradução da agenda pós-colonial para o português. Decorrentes dessa abordagem, temas como a viagem, o deslocamento e o exílio farão parte da experiência subjetiva ficcionalizada que se irá enfocar, e serão, portanto, também objeto de interpretaçãoBased on the discussion about the subaltern woman's body as a stage of conflicts where the tensions resulting from Brazil's unequal gender, class and race relations unfold, this article intends to analyze recent fictional works - specifically the novels: Marilene Felinto's As mulheres de Tijucopapapo and Conceição Evaristo's Ponciá Vicêncio, as well as the film O céu de Suely, by Karim Aïnouz - in order to place them within the debate of translation of the post-colonial agenda into Portuguese. Focusing the subjective experience represented in these fictional narratives, themes like travel, dislocation and exile will also be analyzed

  5. Lipossomas: a bala mágica acertou? Liposomes: has the magic bullet hit the target?

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    Nuno C. Santos

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Efficient drug delivery systems are as important as drug themselves. A powerful drug unable to reach the target cell is useless in practice. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet was the first carrier system to be proposed. The evolution in this domain has been quite slow as the natural mechanisms of mammals against foreign products are hard to overcome. However, lipid-based systems (liposomes and related vesicles have attained reasonable success. The basic preparations and structural features of liposomes and related vesicles as well as their applications are addressed from the chemist's and biochemist's point of view.

  6. War Comes to Bala Morghab: A Tragedy of Policy and Action in Three Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    side livable—often at the expense of the U.S. priorities, routinely bumping U.S. priority-1 loads for 20-kilogram wheels of parmesan cheese and...escorts the bridge, the road will be mined and we will blow up the bridge. However, if ISAF does not escort the bridge convoy, then we will allow it

  7. Adição de polpa de maracujá na elaboração de balas comestíveis

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    Luana Nóbrega Batista

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Industries are technologically perfecting their products by adding new components, in order to meet the demands of consumers. The extraction of pulp from several tropical fruits for manufacture of bullets has been widely used, due to its nutritional and functional value. The aim this study was to develop an edible candy with the addition of passion fruit pulp adding nutritional value from natural ingredients. In order to carry out this study, fruits were purchased in the city of Sousa-PB, then sent to fruit processing sector located at IFPB Campus-Sousa, where the weighing process, sanitization in sodium hypochlorite solution was carried out 100ppm for 15 minutes, then the fruits were cut in half. The extraction was done manually, sieved for aryl separation. Soon after they were packed in plastic bags and sealed, a part sent to physicalchemical and microbiological analyzes and another frozen part to be used in elaboration of bullet. In process of bullet preparation (56.25% of sucrose, (37.5% glucose syrup and 6.25% of the passion fruit pulp were used. Microbiological and physical-chemical analyzes (moisture, ash, pH, acidity in citric acid, protein, soluble solids, flavonoids were performed in the pulp and afterwards, hygroscopicity and color were only performed on bullet. According to results obtained, pulp and passion fruit bullet presented physical-chemical and microbiological results as established by legislation. The addition of concentrated passion fruit pulp extract may be an alternative, making a differentiated product with higher added value nutritionally, offering consumers health benefits without addition of dyes and artificial preservatives.

  8. Em busca das escolas na escola: por uma epistemologia das "balas sem papel" In search of schools within School: for an epistemology of "unwrapped candy"

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    Alexandra Garcia

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto discute a produção de conhecimento no paradigma científico moderno a fim de ponderar sobre seus limites para acessar as nuances do cotidiano. Entende que, no rastro do cientificismo moderno seguido pelas ciências sociais, resignamo-nos e naturalizamos a prática de conhecer satisfazendo-nos e crendo em rótulos, embalagens que pretendem acessar e explicar o viver humano ordinário. Procura evidenciar a pertinência das opções que levam à proposição da pesquisa nos/dos/com os cotidianos como caminho, não como paradigma, para se compreender e valorizar os saberesfazeres das práticas cotidianas, não decifráveis por ângulos ou enquadramentos discursivos formais. Narrar experiências não é superestimar o que, pelo improvável aspecto "positivo", pareça-nos uma "ode ao desvio-padrão". Assumir os riscos de trazê-las implica acreditar que o ato de desestabilizar as concepções dominantes sobre a escola contribui para a pensarmos sem "pré-conceitos", longe das impossibilidades e da beira do abismo.This paper discusses the knowledge production in the modern scientific paradigm to ponder over its limits and to access nuances of the quotidian. It assumes that, in the wake of the modern scientific approach followed by the social sciences, we resign and understand as natural the practice of experience satisfying ourselves and believe in labels and packages that intent to access and explain the ordinary human living. It tries to evidence the importance of options leading to propose research in/of/with the quotidian, like a way, rather than a paradigm, to understand and value the knowledgedoings of the everyday practices, that cannot be deciphered by some angles and framing of the formal discourse. Telling experiences is not overestimating the things that, by the improbable positivist aspect, would look as an "ode to standard deviation". Assuming the risks of bringing them implies believing that the act of destabilizing the dominant conceptions on school will contribute to thinking without prejudice, far from the impossibilities and the edge of the abyss.

  9. Topographic Map of Quadrangles 3770 and 3870, Maymayk (211), Jamarj-I-Bala (212), Faydz-Abad (217), and Parkhaw (218) Quadrangles, Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohannon, Robert G.

    2006-01-01

    This map was produced from several larger digital datasets. Topography was derived from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 85-meter digital data. Gaps in the original dataset were filled with data digitized from contours on 1:200,000-scale Soviet General Staff Sheets (1978-1997). Contours were generated by cubic convolution averaged over four pixels using TNTmips surface-modeling capabilities. Minor artifacts resulting from the auto-contouring technique are present. Streams were auto-generated from the SRTM data in TNTmips as flow paths. Flow paths were limited in number by their Horton value on a quadrangle-by-quadrangle basis. Peak elevations were averaged over an area measuring 85 m by 85 m (represented by one pixel), and they are slightly lower than the highest corresponding point on the ground. Cultural data were extracted from files downloaded from the Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS) Web site (http://www.aims.org.af). The AIMS files were originally derived from maps produced by the Afghanistan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office (AGCHO). Because cultural features were not derived from the SRTM base, they do not match it precisely. Province boundaries are not exactly located. This map is part of a series that includes a geologic map, a topographic map, a Landsat natural-color-image map, and a Landsat false-color-image map for the USGS/AGS (Afghan Geological Survey) quadrangles covering Afghanistan. The maps for any given quadrangle have the same open-file number but a different letter suffix, namely, -A, -B, -C, and -D for the geologic, topographic, Landsat natural-color, and Landsat false-color maps, respectively. The open-file report (OFR) numbers for each quadrangle range in sequence from 1092 - 1123. The present map series is to be followed by a second series, in which the geology is reinterpreted on the basis of analysis of remote-sensing data, limited fieldwork, and library research. The second series is to be produced by the USGS in cooperation with the AGS and AGCHO.

  10. Topographic Map of Quadrangles 3560 and 3562, Sir-Band (402), Khawja-Jir (403), and Bala-Murghab (404) Quadrangles, Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohannon, Robert G.

    2006-01-01

    This map was produced from several larger digital datasets. Topography was derived from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 85-meter digital data. Gaps in the original dataset were filled with data digitized from contours on 1:200,000-scale Soviet General Staff Sheets (1978-1997). Contours were generated by cubic convolution averaged over four pixels using TNTmips surface-modeling capabilities. Minor artifacts resulting from the auto-contouring technique are present. Streams were auto-generated from the SRTM data in TNTmips as flow paths. Flow paths were limited in number by their Horton value on a quadrangle-by-quadrangle basis. Peak elevations were averaged over an area measuring 85 m by 85 m (represented by one pixel), and they are slightly lower than the highest corresponding point on the ground. Cultural data were extracted from files downloaded from the Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS) Web site (http://www.aims.org.af). The AIMS files were originally derived from maps produced by the Afghanistan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office (AGCHO). Because cultural features were not derived from the SRTM base, they do not match it precisely. Province boundaries are not exactly located. This map is part of a series that includes a geologic map, a topographic map, a Landsat natural-color-image map, and a Landsat false-color-image map for the USGS/AGS (Afghan Geological Survey) quadrangles covering Afghanistan. The maps for any given quadrangle have the same open-file number but a different letter suffix, namely, -A, -B, -C, and -D for the geologic, topographic, Landsat natural-color, and Landsat false-color maps, respectively. The open-file report (OFR) numbers for each quadrangle range in sequence from 1092 - 1123. The present map series is to be followed by a second series, in which the geology is reinterpreted on the basis of analysis of remote-sensing data, limited fieldwork, and library research. The second series is to be produced by the USGS in cooperation with the AGS and AGCHO.

  11. No matarás ni con hambre ni con balas: las mujeres de los comedores populares autogestionarios en El Agustino durante la violencia política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Minaya Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los comedores populares autogestionarios - CPA¹ tienen más de 35 años de existencia, desde 1978, a la cabeza de mujeres valerosas, en una Lima pobre, migrante y luchadora. Estas mujeres lucharon frente al Estado por derechos y reivindicaciones, como servicios básicos y políticas alimentarias. Las mujeres hicieron, de temas caseros, políticas públicas que lograron sostener, en gran medida, la crisis económica a fines de la década de 1980 e inicios de la de 1990, dando así muestras de organización a gran escala en un contexto sumamente difícil. En ese complicado panorama, convivieron con integrantes del grupo subversivo del Partido Comunista del Perú-Sendero Luminoso - PCP-SL, que incursionó en las barriadas para «profundizar las contradicciones» y aplicó, en nombre de la justicia, estrategias de guerra. La investigación rastrea las trayectorias de las exdirigentas de los CPA en el distrito limeño de El Agustino, y recoge sus testimonios sobre la violencia política que les tocó vivir entre 1978 y 1992² y sobre las problemáticas relaciones con el Estado. Esta convivencia produjo un complicado tejido de hilos muy delgados, donde las cercanías y lejanías de estas mujeres frente a Sendero Luminoso fueron parte de un proceso más complejo.

  12. Quando "falha a fala" e "fala a bala": lingua(gem e violência em Cidade de Deus, de Paulo Lins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Gabrielli Pereira

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Cidade de Deus traz em si a história da construção do conjunto habitacional, cujo nome intitula o romance, e de sua transformação em uma das favelas mais violentas do Rio de Janeiro, por meio do entrecruzamento das histórias de Cabeleira, Bené, Zé Pequeno e Busca-Pé. Concebendo o romance, nos atos da escrita e da leitura, como uma enunciação (BENVENISTE, 1989a; 1989b; 1995a; 1995b entre autor e leitor, constituída por outras enunciações — entre narrador e narratário e entre personagens — a partir do "ato ficcional" (ISER, 2002 do autor, vamos nos guiar por essa tessitura de/entre histórias para rastrear o modo como Lins relaciona linguagem e violência. Palavras-chave: Lingua(gem, Subjetividade, Violência ______________________________ Cidade de Deus tells the history of the construction of the housing complex that entitles the novel and its transformation process into one of the most violent slums of Rio de Janeiro. By treating the novel as an enunciation (BENVENISTE, 1989a; 1989b; 1995a; 1995b between author and reader, which is made of other enunciations − between narrator and narratee and between characters −, based on the author´s “fictional act”(ISER, 2002, we intend to analyze the way how Lins relates language and violence. Keywords: Language, Subjectivity, Violence.

  13. Bullets and Votes: Violence and Electoral Participation in Mexico Balas y votos: Violencia y participación electoral en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Trelles

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the effect of criminal violence on electoral participation in Mexico. Many scholars have studied the origins of criminal violence, as well as the success or failure of contemporary regimes in dealing with it. However, few have studied how it affects voter turnout. Following recent findings in the behavioral subfield, we hypothesize that as criminal violence increases, citizens abandon public channels of participation and take refuge in their private spheres. Using longitudinal and geostatistical tools to analyze Mexican municipalities in the last decade, we find that the level of electoral turnout is lower in the most violent regions of the country. In the final section, we use survey data to confirm that citizens exposed to high levels of criminal violence are less likely to vote.En este artículo, analizamos el efecto de la violencia criminal sobre la participación electoral en México. Muchos investigadores estudiaron las causas de la violencia criminal y la respuesta de los diferentes gobiernos frente a este problema. Sin embargo, pocos estudios analizan el impacto de la violencia criminal sobre la participación en las elecciones. Siguiendo algunos hallazgos recientes en la literatura de comportamiento político, argumentamos que cuando la violencia criminal aumenta, los ciudadanos abandonan espacios públicos de participación y se refugian en la esfera privada. Usando métodos geoestadísticos para analizar las municipalidades en México en la ultima década, demostramos que la participación electoral es más baja en las regiones más violentas del país. En la última sección, usamos datos de una encuesta reciente para confirmar que ciudadanos expuestos a niveles altos de criminalidad tienen menos probabilidades de votar.

  14. «No matarás ni con hambre ni con balas». Las mujeres de los comedores populares autogestionarios en El Agustino durante la violencia política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Minaya Rodríguez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The self-managed people’s kitchens (CPA have more than thirty five years of existence since 1978. They are led by brave women who live in a poor, inmigrant and courageous Lima. They struggled with the state for their rights and demands for basic services and food policies. These women made home topics into declared public policies and were able to bear through the economic crisis of the 80s and part of the 90s, showing a highly effective way of organization in a very difficult period. In that very complex context they were able to get along with members of Sendero Luminoso (SL who entered the shanty towns to «exacerbate contradictions» and applied their war strategies in the name of «justice».This investigation traces the trajectories of former leaders of the CPAs from the district of El Agustino, and presents their testimonies on the political violence that they lived between 1978 and 1992, and on their difficult relations with the State. This coexistence produced a very complex texture of thin threads, where living in proximitywhile keeping distance from SL were part or a more complex process.

  15. design and fabrication of a fou fabrication of a foundry sand mixer

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    Vol. 33, No. 4, October 2014 609. [7] Bala, K. C. “Design and Development of Sand Muller and Standard Sand Rammer.” M. Eng. Thesis,. Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal. University of Technology, Minna. 1998. [8] Bala, K. C. ” Design analysis and Testing of sand. Muller for foundry application”, AU Journal of.

  16. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . O.4 A Co Bala Cuo. A Co. Bala Cuo. O Coos Bolo Cu307. O Co. Ce Bolo Cu, O. O. O.. O OO 2 OO 3 O O. TEMPERATURE (K). Figure 2. Normalized resistance versus temperature of pure, cerium-doped and non- stoichiometric ...

  17. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Sandeep Bala. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 5 Issue 6 June 2000 pp 76-85 Classroom. Torsion Pendulum Experiment at the International Physics Olympiad · Sandeep Bala · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  18. Extraction of a low grade zinc ore using gravity and froth flotation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Extraction of a low grade zinc ore using gravity and froth flotation methods. Alabi Oladunni Oyelola, Dalhatu Aboki Abdu, Abere Dare Victor, Magnus T Igonwelundu, Bala Meshack Bosan, Araoye Babatunde Oyebode ...

  19. Mehelikkuse kriis / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti uuemaid lühimängufilme : Sutharsan Bala "Krantsid" (operaator Meelis Veermets, produtsent Marianne Ostrat, osades Jekaterina Novosjolova, Paulo Kulešov ja Mihkel Ulki "Pihv" (stsenarist Triin Sinissaar, osades Mari Abel, Andres Mähar)

  20. Eesti film äratab huvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Balti filmi- ja meediakooli magistrandi Sutharsan Bala magistritöö, lühimängufilm "Krantsid" on valitud Varssavi filmifestivali ja Nordisk Panorama festivali võistlusprogrammi. Filmi produtsent on Marianne Ostrat

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Tianjin University of Commerce. Training Programs of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for. Undergraduates (2014090) and National Science Foundation of China (11272231). References. 1. Chen J K, Fu W Y, Yuan G Y, Runa A, Bala Hari, ...

  2. Uso de concentrados autólogos de plaquetas como tratamiento de una fractura escapular y una lesión del plexo braquial producidas por un disparo en un caballo Use of autologous platelet concentrates as treatment for a scapular fracture and brachial plexus nerve injury produced by a gunshot in a horse

    OpenAIRE

    C López; JU Carmona; I Samudio

    2010-01-01

    Las heridas de bala han sido escasamente descritas en caballos. Los disparos a corta distancia suelen producir daños en tejidos blandos y fracturas conminutas. Un caso de una fractura conminuta del cuello de la escápula con lesión aguda del plexo braquial producida por una bala de 9 mm en un semental de seis años de edad es descrito. El paciente fue tratado con éxito mediante la combinación de desbridamiento quirúrgico de la región afectada e inyección local de varias dosis de concentrados au...

  3. Journal of Pharmacy & Bioresources - Vol 1, No 1 (2004)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Colorimetric method for the determination of hydralazine hydrochloride in pharmaceutical formulations using vanillin as chromogen · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Bala H Ahmed, Johnson O Onah, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jpb.v1i1.32040 ...

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Muhammed, Mustapha Bala. Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Special Conference Edition - Articles Physicochemical and rheological studies of Irvingia gabonensis gum exudates as substitute to gum Arabic Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6996. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  5. Torsion Pendulum Experiment at the International Physics Olympiad

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 6. Torsion Pendulum Experiment at the International Physics Olympiad. Sandeep Bala. Classroom Volume 5 Issue 6 June 2000 pp 76-85. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  6. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1975 Section: Plant Sciences. Nayar, Prof. Bala Krishnan D.Phil. (Gauhati). Date of birth: 19 September 1927. Date of death: 12 May 2012. Specialization: Pteridology, Anatomy, Palynology and Evolution Last known address: 20/601, Panniyankara, Kallai P.O., Calicut 673 003.

  7. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Torsion Pendulum Experiment at the International Physics Olympiad · Sandeep Bala · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 86-95 Classroom. Mythology in Introductory Biology · Steven Vogel · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 96-96 Think It Over. Wrecked Tangles of Mats and Maths of Rectangles · B Sury · More Details Fulltext PDF.

  8. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 57 of 57 ... ... of electrophilic coupling reagents, 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone hydrochloride and 4-amino antipyrine, for the spectrophotometric analysis of vardenafil in tablet dosage forms, Abstract PDF. Atkuru Veera Venkata Naga Krishna Sunil, Chandra Bala Sekaran, Tamanampudi Varahala Reddy.

  9. Fast Light in Quantum Dot and Well Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-31

    Bala Pesala, Demetri Angelakos Award, EECS, University of California, Berkeley 2009 4. Connie Chang-Hasnain, Humboldt Research Award, Alexander von ... Humboldt Stiftung Foundation 2009 5. Connie Chang-Hasnain, Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, 2009 6. Connie Chang-Hasnain, Microoptics Award

  10. Membrane structure in disease and drug therapy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zimmer, G

    2000-01-01

    ...) interaction with membranous transport systems (opening or closing of ion or substrate channels); (2) reaction with receptors; (3) activation or inhibition of membrane enzymes; or (4) cytosolic membranous signaling and exchange. These consequences within the membrane influence intracellular wellbeing: life is possible only if a bala...

  11. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 887-902. Static deformation due to a long buried dip-slip fault in an isotropic half-space welded with an orthotropic half-space · Neeru Bala Sunita Rani · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Closed-form analytical expressions for the displacements and the stresses at any point of a two-phase medium consisting of a ...

  12. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 21; Issue 3. Issue front cover thumbnail Issue back cover thumbnail. Volume 21, Issue 3. March 2016, pages 203-297. pp 203-205 Editorial. Editorial · Bala Iyer · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 206-209 Article-in-a-Box. Hermann Bondi (1919-2005).

  13. supp3.doc

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Electrocatalytic activity of Cu2O Nanocubes based Electrode for glucose oxidation. Sathiyanathan Felixa, Pratap Kollub, Bala P.C.Raghupathya,c,*, Soon Kwan Jeongd,* and Andrews Nirmala Grace a,d,*. a Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore - 632014, Tamil ...

  14. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 92 of 92 ... Vol 19, No 2 (2009), Evaluation of the Fertility Status and Suitability of some Soils for Arable Cropping In the Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria, Abstract. M Adeboye, A Osunde, M Ezenwa, A Odofin, A Bala. Vol 16 (2006), Fractal analysis of particle size distribution in an Alfisol in Southwestern Nigeria ...

  15. ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology - Vol 9, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pareto Analysis on the Total Quality Management (TQM) Status of the Nigerian Design Firms · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. D Kado, K Bala, M. A. Dandajeh, 42-57 ...

  16. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bala, K. Vol 4, No 1 (2011) - Articles Appraisal of the Performance of Contingency Cost Provision for Building Projects in Nigeria Abstract PDF · Vol 9, No 1 (2016) - Articles Pareto Analysis on the Total Quality Management (TQM) Status of the Nigerian Design Firms Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1596-6035. AJOL African Journals ...

  17. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 120; Issue 5. Impact of Ganges–Brahmaputra interannual discharge variations on Bay of Bengal salinity and temperature during 1992–1999 period. Fabien Durand Fabrice Papa Atiqur Rahman Sujit Kumar Bala. Volume 120 Issue 5 October 2011 pp 859-872 ...

  18. Nigerian Journal of Technological Research - Vol 11, No 2 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of different fertilizer inputs on the growth and yield of soybean planted on an Alfisols in Minna, Southern, Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. A.O. Uzoma, S.M. Nkor, A.A. Adekanmbi, S.G. Afolabi, A.J. Odofin, A Bala, 1-6.

  19. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bala, U. Vol 2, No 2 (2009) - Articles Study of ichtyofauna of Daberam Reservoir, Katsina State Abstract PDF · Vol 4, No 2 (2011) - Articles Aspect of Reproductive Biology of Fish of Commercial Importance in Sabke Reservoir, Katsina State Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6996. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  20. 75 FR 40774 - Determination Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... directed Customs to require that importers provide an appropriate export visa from a beneficiary sub... fabrics described in Annex B, if produced in and exported from Burkina Faso, are eligible for preferential... Halloween and Thanksgiving. Eligible folklore articles: (a) Bala: Made of cotton fabric strips woven and...

  1. Neutrino Oscillations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Suman Bala Beri, UGC. Emeritus Fellow in the. Department of Physics,. Panjab University,. Chandigarh, has teaching and research experience of more than 42 years. She is part of the team that discovered the. Higgs Boson and has been a part of the team that made the Top Quark discovery at. Fermilab. She is a member of.

  2. Synthesis, molecular structures and ESI-mass studies of copper (I ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 10. Synthesis, molecular structures and ESI-mass studies of copper(I) complexes with ligands incorporating N, S and P donor atoms. Tarlok S Lobana Arvinder Kaur Rohit Sharma Madhu Bala Amanpreet K Jassal Courtney E Duff Jerry P Jasinski. Volume ...

  3. Effect of land use changes on some important soil properties in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Continuous and intensive cropping without restoration of soil fertility has depleted the nutrient base of most soils in the semi arid zone. A field survey was carried out in 2000 in Bala village in the cotton production zone of western Burkina Faso to assess the effect of land use changes on soil chemical and physical changes.

  4. JCSC_128_9_1475_1478_SI.docx

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sony

    An efficient PEG-400 mediated catalyst free green synthesis of 2-amino-thiazoles from α-diazoketones and thiourea. B HARI BABU1*, K VIJAY2, K BALA MURALI KRISHNA1, N SHARMILA1 and M BABY RAMANA1. 1Department of Chemistry, Acharya Nagarjuna University, N Nagar, Andhra Pradesh, 522 510 India.

  5. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bala, I. Vol 6, No 1 (2013) - Articles A Study of the Phytochemical Properties and Synergistic Antibacterial Activity of Annona comosus (LINN) Merr. Peel and Citrus senensis Peel Extracts on Aeromonas hydrophila and Salmonella species. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6996. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  6. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 12, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lubricating Effects of Cocoa Butter and Coconut Oil in Conventional Paracetamol Tablets · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Musiliu O. Adedokun, Emmanuel O. Olorunsola, D. N. Bala, N. C. Idio, 11-20 ...

  7. Impact of Ganges–Brahmaputra interannual discharge variations on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 120; Issue 5. Impact of Ganges–Brahmaputra interannual discharge variations on Bay of Bengal salinity and temperature during 1992–1999 period. Fabien Durand Fabrice Papa Atiqur Rahman Sujit Kumar Bala. Volume 120 Issue 5 October 2011 pp 859-872 ...

  8. Estado del playero rojizo (calidris canutus) en el hemisferio occidental

    OpenAIRE

    Bala, Luis Oscar

    2015-01-01

    Revisión crítica del libro Status of the Red Knot (Calidris canutus rufa) in the Western Hemisphere (Niles et al.: Studies in Avian Biology 16). Fil: Bala, Luis Oscar. Consejo Nacional de Invest.cientif.y Tecnicas. Centro Nacional Patagonico; Argentina;

  9. Microbiology and quality assessment of ' burukutu ' a Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Microbiology and quality assessment of 'burukutu' a Nigerian fermented alcoholic beverage. J.D. Bala, F.A. Kuta, O.P. Abioye, N.U. Adabara, I.A. Adelere, R Abdulsalam, Adel A.S. Al-Gheethi, H Kaizar, C Onovughakpor ...

  10. Brewer's spent grain: A review of its potentials and applications ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Brewer's spent grain: A review of its potentials and applications. S Aliyu, M Bala. Abstract. Most developing nations continuously produce abundant agro-industrial residues such as brewer's spent grain (BSG), which are underexploited. BSG as the main by-product of brewing industry, representing approximately 85% of ...

  11. Anti-inflammatory and neuropharmacological activities of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anti-inflammatory and neuropharmacological activities of Caesalpinia pulcherrima leaves. U Bose, V Bala, AK Shill, AA Rahman. Abstract. The crude methanolic extracts of leaves of Caesalpinia pulcherrima were evaluated for its anti-inflammatory and neuropharmacological activities. When given orally to rats at dose of ...

  12. Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009. President-in-Council Dr. Oyeboade, S. Adebayo NIHORT 1st Vice President Dr. E.I.Nwaguma NIHORT 2nd Vice President Dr.M.G.Bala NIHORT Secretary General Dr. H.A.Akintoye NIHORT 1st Asst. Secretary Dr. M.S.Askira College of Hort.

  13. State and trends of woody vegetation cover inthe cotton based ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was carried out in Bala, a village located in the cotton-based farming system zone of Western Burkina Faso. The objective was to assess the effect of increased cotton cultivation on the spatial dynamics and structural characteristics of the woody vegetation. Using aerial photos, an analysis of the land use for the ...

  14. Key performance indicators for government and non profit agencies: implementing winning KPIs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Parmenter, David

    2012-01-01

    ... Team Can Achieve Success while Continuing with Their Other Duties Myth 4: By Tying KPIs to Pay You Will Increase Performance Myth 5: Most Measures Lead to Better Performance 13 13 14 14 14 15 viiviii Contents Myth 6: Performance Measures Are Mainly Used to Help Manage Implementation of Strategic Initiatives Myth 7: The Bala...

  15. supp3.doc

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sathiyanathan Felixa, Pratap Kollub, Bala P.C.Raghupathya,c,*, Soon Kwan Jeongd,* and Andrews Nirmala Grace a,d,*. a Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India. b DST-INSPIRE Faculty, Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Indian Institute of ...

  16. 06 Keraan 03.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    tioned work was translated into English by Suleman Dangor in 1990 and subse- quently critically assessed in Nabila Lubis' work (1996). In addition, the treatise is also alluded to another work of Shaykh Yusuf, titled Daf' ul-Bala'. This short treatise set down the different pathways or guidelines for members of the society.

  17. Assessment of the phytoremediation potentials of Jatropha curcas in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Assessment of the phytoremediation potentials of Jatropha curcas in the removal of heavy metals from contaminated soils of the Challawa Industrial Estate Kano, Nigeria. Zakari Abdullahi, Abdulrahman A. Audu, Shehu Bala. Abstract. No Abstract. Keywords: AAS, Cadmium, Contamination, Kano metropolis Phytoextraction, ...

  18. 29th Mid-year meeting

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    15.20-17.30, Session 1D – Symposium on 'Gravitational Waves'. 15.20-15.30, Tarun Souradeep, IUCAA, Pune Introduction. 15.30-15.50, Bala Iyer, ICTS-TIFR From pediction to detection: Highlights of the fascinating history of Gravitational Waves, View PDF file (3.2Mbytes) View Video. 15.55-16.15, Sukanta Bose, IUCAA, ...

  19. Assessment of larvicidal activities of bacillus species isolated from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Assessment of larvicidal activities of bacillus species isolated from soil against the mosquito aedes aegyptia (diptera: culicidae) in Sokoto, northwestern Nigeria. S.B. Manga, A.H. Kawo, A.B. Rabah, A.A. Usman, A.I. Dabai, J.A. Bala ...

  20. Eredoctoraat voor kapitalistische Ratan Tata schaadt geloofwaardigheid van UvA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bala, S.

    2013-01-01

    De UvA kent - in navolging van andere universitaire instellingen - een eredoctoraat toe aan de CEO van een megabedrijf dat zwaar wordt bekritiseerd omwille van haar steeds groeiende bedrijfsmonopolie. De Amsterdamse assistent-professor Sruti Bala en twintig collega's schreven een protestbrief.

  1. Organizing Committee Panel of Referees 193

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C S Aulakh, Panjab University (Coordinator). Suman Bala, Panjab University. Vipin Bhatnagar, Panjab University. M M Gupta, Panjab University. Manjit Kaur, Panjab University. C N Kumar, Panjab University. Kuldeep Kumar, Panjab University (Secretary). G Rajasekaran, IMSc, Chennai. A Raychaudhuri, Kolkata University.

  2. Эстонский фильм получил приз в Исландии

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Islandi pealinnas Reykjavikis 20. Nordisk Panorama 5 Cities Film festivalil võitis lühimängufilm "Krantsid" eesti näitlejate Jekaterina Novosjolova ja Jevgeni Gaitšukiga peaosades eripreemia programmis New Nordic Voices. Filmi režissöör ja stsenarist on Sutarsan Bala ja produtsent Marianne Ostrat

  3. Development and Evaluation of Hierarchical Testlets in Two-Stage Tests Using Integer Linear Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Tit-Loong; Foong, Yoke-Yeen

    This simulation study involved the design of two two-stage tests in which the routing tests and the second-stage measurement testlets took the form of a multidimensional knapsack problem with prespecified target informations and constraints to be enumerated using the algorithm of E. Balas. Two conventional tests of similar length to the two-stage…

  4. K M Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. K M Rao. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 32 Issue 1 February 2009 pp 59-64 Composites. Effect of ellipse orientation on the thermoelastic behaviour of skew laminated composite plate with elliptical cutout · M S R Niranjan Kumar M M M Sarcar V Bala ...

  5. 27th Mid Year Meeting

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-07-02

    Jul 2, 2016 ... 15.30-15.50, Bala Iyer, ICTS-TIFR From pediction to detection: Highlights of the fascinating ... 16.45-17.05, P. Ajith, ICTS-TIFR On behalf of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo ... An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach. Math and ...

  6. Complementarity beyond physics Niels Bohr's parallels

    CERN Document Server

    Bala, Arun

    2017-01-01

    In this study Arun Bala examines the implications that Niels Bohr’s principle of complementarity holds for fields beyond physics. Bohr, one of the founding figures of modern quantum physics, argued that the principle of complementarity he proposed for understanding atomic processes has parallels in psychology, biology, and social science, as well as in Buddhist and Taoist thought. But Bohr failed to offer any explanation for why complementarity might extend beyond physics, and his claims have been widely rejected by scientists as empty speculation. Scientific scepticism has only been reinforced by the naïve enthusiasm of postmodern relativists and New Age intuitionists, who seize upon Bohr’s ideas to justify anti-realist and mystical positions. Arun Bala offers a detailed defence of Bohr’s claim that complementarity has far-reaching implications for the biological and social sciences, as well as for comparative philosophies of science, by explaining Bohr’s parallels as responses to the omnipresence...

  7. El proceso místico en Del templo de su cuerpo, poemario de Rubén Bonifaz Nuño

    OpenAIRE

    Elizalde, Jocelyn

    2017-01-01

    Este trabajo propone una interpretación de la estructura estrófica y simbólica de Del templo de su cuerpo (1992), libro de poemas de Rubén Bonifaz Nuño (Veracruz, México, 1923), de acuerdo con su relación con la cábala. La cábala es “un método de contemplación religiosa, un sistema teosófico basado en las sefirot o emanaciones de la divinidad, que utiliza algunas técnicas para interpretar las letras del alfabeto hebreo con el fin de llegar a la elevación mística”. Pero en Del templo de su cue...

  8. Étudier les théories du complot en sciences sociales : enjeux et usages

    OpenAIRE

    Giry, Julien

    2017-01-01

    Ces dernières années ont vu de nombreuses théories du complot émerger de manière plus ou moins spontanée dans l’espace public à la suite des attentats de Paris ou de Bruxelles tout autant qu’au travers de discours politiquement déter­minés de leaders complotistes tels que Thierry Meyssan, Alain Soral et Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala. Aussi, les théories du complot, bien qu’anciennes, semblent concomitamment faire l’objet d’une attention, et d’une compétition analytique parfois, tout à fait inédite ...

  9. The discovery of Kerivoula krauensis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae in southern peninsular Thailand provides new information on the distribution and conservation status of this data deficient species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bounsavane Douangboubpha

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In August 2013, an adult male Kerivoula krauensis was captured in a harp trap set in forest understorey in Bala Forest, Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary, Narathiwat Province, Thailand. This is only the second locality recorded for the species, the first outside Malaysia, and represents a range extension of 254 km, northwards from Krau Wildlife Reserve, Malaysia. This discovery has important conservation implications suggesting that the species is more widespread than previously thought but also confirms previous findings that it appears to live in very low population densities as compared to other Kerivoula found in the same habitat. Information on its taxonomy, echolocation call, distribution and ecology is included. In addition, the new material from Thailand is briefly compared to other known species from the country

  10. Whales of the rainforest: habitat use strategies of sympatric rorqual whales within a fjord system

    OpenAIRE

    Keen, Eric

    2017-01-01

    The energy needs of rorqual whales (f. Balaenopteridae) govern their relationship to marine habitats during the foraging season. However, their cryptic foraging strategies and extreme feeding behaviors complicate our effort to identify and protect habitats “critical” for rorquals. What is the relationship between rorquals and their habitat, and how must that shape conservation strategies? I addressed this question in the case of sympatric humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) and fin whales (Bala...

  11. American Accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Cristina Onica

    2005-01-01

    The international Accounting Standards already contribute to the generation of better and more easily comparable financial information on an international level, supporting thus a more effective allocation of the investments resources in the world. Under the circumstances, there occurs the necessity of a consistent application of the standards on a global level. The financial statements are part of the financial reporting process. A set of complete financial statements usually includes a bala...

  12. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bala, Abba A. Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Special Conference Edition - Articles Effect of temperature to the magnetic property of NI0.2CO0.1ZN0.70 nanoparticles. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6996. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  13. Wood Bark Smoke Induces Lung and Pleural Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 and Stabilizes Its mRNA in Porcine Lung Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    in situ. Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 was measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids by Western blotting. Induction of PAI-1 was determined at the...APRV Airway-pressure-release ventilation; ATII Alveolar type II cells; AU Arbitrary fluorescence emission units; BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage ; BALF BAL...As measured in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, this defect in fibrinolysis is mainly attributable to overexpression of plasminogen activator

  14. Proceedings of the NASA/DOD Control/Structures Interaction Technology Conference (4th) Held in Orlando, Florida on 5-7 November 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-15

    ASSEMBLY COMPLFTE CONFIGURATION ............. 158 R. E. Graham, NASA Lewis Research Center; R. J. Lalonde and N. L. Mosely, Analex Corp. H_ CONTROL...FREEDOM ASSEMBLY COMPLETE CONFIGURATION Ronald E. Graham NASA-Lewis Research Center 21000 Brookpark Road Cleveland OH 44135 Richard J. Lalonde Nathan L...vibration mode was at about 16 Hz. INTRODUCTION In the late 1970’s Marc Balas [1] brought quite a challenge to the controls community by discovering

  15. A Cost-Comparison Study Using Actual CHAMPUS Formulas to Price Wilford Hall Medical Center’s FY 1993 Inpatient Workload to Determine Whether CHAMPUS is the More Cost-Effective Health Care Delivery System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-01

    SCREENING FOR INFANTS 2 LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY 2 «ORPLANT 3 OME NURSING CARE 3 •LTENO® IMPLANT COVERED 3 RONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME 3 POST...191,788 971,614 0 1,163,402 BAHA 0 602,618 0 602,618 BAJA 64,695 363,309 0 428,004 BAKA 47,747 923,583 0 971,330 BALA 0 98,443 0 98,443 BAHA 137,388

  16. Modern Human Capital Management

    OpenAIRE

    Feldberger, Madita

    2008-01-01

    Title: Modern Human Capital Management Seminar date: 30th of May 2008 Course: Master thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS Authors: Madita Feldberger Supervisor: Lars Svensson Keywords: Human capital, SWOT Analysis, Strategic Map, Balanced Scorecard Research Problem: Despite of the success of Human Capital Management (HCM) in research it did not arrive yet in the HR departments of many companies. Numerous firms even have problems to set their strategic goals with focus on HR. The HR Bala...

  17. Studies on up/down-conversion emission of Yb3+ sensitized Er3+ doped MLa2(MoO4)4 (M = Ba, Sr and Ca) phosphors for thermometry and optical heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Shriya; Kumar, Kaushal

    2018-01-01

    The photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ sensitized Er3+ doped BaLa2(MoO4)4, SrLa2(MoO4)4 and CaLa2(MoO4)4 phosphors synthesized via hydrothermal method are investigated upon 980 nm and 380 nm light excitations. The phase, purity, and morphology of the samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Field emission scanning electron microscope. Among these three phosphors, the strongest emission intensity is seen in BaLa2(MoO4)4: Er3+/Yb3+ through both the 980 nm and 380 nm light excitations and is explained by the lifetime measurement of 4S3/2 level of Er3+ ion. Temperature sensing measurements were performed by using the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) of green emission bands originated from the two thermally coupled 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 and 4S3//2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ and maximum temperature sensitivity of 1.05% K-1 at 305 K is found for BLa2(MoO4)4: Er3+/Yb3+ sample. Moreover, the laser induced heating is measured in the samples and the maximum temperature of the sample particles is calculated as 422 K at 76 W/cm2 in BaLa2(MoO4)4: Er3+/Yb3+, pointing out large amount of heat generation in such phosphors. The BaLa2(MoO4)4: Er3+/Yb3+ also exhibits higher photothermal conversion efficiency of 46.7%.

  18. GABA/glutamate co-release controls habenula output and is modified by antidepressant treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Shabel, Steven J.; Proulx, Christophe D.; Piriz, Joaquin; Malinow, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    The lateral habenula (LHb), a key regulator of monoaminergic brain regions, is activated by negatively-valenced events. Its hyperactivity is associated with depression. While enhanced excitatory input to the LHb has been linked to depression, little is known about inhibitory transmission. We discovered that GABA is co-released with its functional opponent, glutamate, from long-range basal ganglia inputs (which signal negative events) to limit LHb activity in rodents. At this synapse, the bala...

  19. Indicators of Informal Funds Transfer Systems: A Comparison of Traditional and Modern Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Systems,” The American Criminal Law Review 41 (2004): 190-191; Bala Shanmugam, “Hawala and Money Laundering: A Malaysian Perspective,” Journal of...Individuals or small groups may use IFTS in combination with a personally owned small business to launder a portion of their profits to avoid taxation or...laundering: the Malaysian perspective,” Journal of Money Laundering Control 10 (2007): 431-433; Trade Based Money Laundering. 51

  20. Zone of Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Typical ofmost soi Is of sub-Saharan Africa, (Bala & Osunde, 1995). agricultural ... assigned to the main plots, and fertilizer rates to the sub-plots. Each sub-plot was made up of four ridges each 8 m long, with a 75-cm spacing between ridges. Promiscuous soybean ..... 1987; Fujita et al., 1992), a starter dose of. 20 kg ha"1 to ...

  1. A Technique: Generating Alternative Thoughts

    OpenAIRE

    Serkan AKKOYUNLU; M. Hakan TÜRKÇAPAR

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: One of the basic techniques of cognitive therapy is examination of automatic thoughts and reducing the belief in them. By employing this, we can overcome the cognitive bias apparent in mental disorders. Despite this view, according to another cognitive perspective in a given situation, there are distinct cognitive representations competing for retrieval from memory just like positive and negative schemas. In this sense generating or strengthening alternative explanations or bala...

  2. Comparison of the psychometric properties of two balance scales in children with cerebral palsy

    OpenAIRE

    Jeon, Yong-Jin; Kim, Gyoung-Mo

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the item difficulty degree between the Pediatric Balance Scale and Fullerton Advanced Balance scale for children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Forty children with cerebral palsy (male=17, female=23) voluntarily participated in the study. Item difficulty was expressed in the Rasch analysis using a logit value, with a higher value indicative of increasing item difficulty. [Results] Among the 24 items of the combined Pediatric Bala...

  3. Computing handbook computer science and software engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez, Teofilo; Tucker, Allen

    2014-01-01

    Overview of Computer Science Structure and Organization of Computing Peter J. DenningComputational Thinking Valerie BarrAlgorithms and Complexity Data Structures Mark WeissBasic Techniques for Design and Analysis of Algorithms Edward ReingoldGraph and Network Algorithms Samir Khuller and Balaji RaghavachariComputational Geometry Marc van KreveldComplexity Theory Eric Allender, Michael Loui, and Kenneth ReganFormal Models and Computability Tao Jiang, Ming Li, and Bala

  4. Tlhalošontši ya mongwalo: Go ngwala seo se sa tšweletšego ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bontši bja baithuti ba maleme a Bathobaso ga bo tšee mongwalo go ba ye nngwe ya dithutwana tše bohlokwa tša maleme. Ka fao barutwana le batho ba bangwe ba go kgona go bala le go ngwala ga ba sa na le taba le thutwana ye ya mongwalo. Seo se dira gore go be le mabošaedi a mmalwa go akaretšwa a mopeleto, ...

  5. Mammalian hibernation as a model of disuse osteoporosis: the effects of physical inactivity on bone metabolism, structure, and strength

    OpenAIRE

    McGee-Lawrence, Meghan E.; Carey, Hannah V.; Donahue, Seth W.

    2008-01-01

    Reduced skeletal loading typically leads to bone loss because bone formation and bone resorption become unbalanced. Hibernation is a natural model of musculoskeletal disuse because hibernating animals greatly reduce weight-bearing activity, and therefore, they would be expected to lose bone. Some evidence suggests that small mammals like ground squirrels, bats, and hamsters do lose bone during hibernation, but the mechanism of bone loss is unclear. In contrast, hibernating bears maintain bala...

  6. A Levering Technique Using Small Parallel Rods for Open Reduction of High-Grade Thoracolumbar Dislocation

    OpenAIRE

    Hadgaonkar, Shailesh; Shah, Kunal; Khurjekar, Ketan; Krishnan, Vibhu; Shyam, Ashok; Sancheti, Parag

    2017-01-01

    Study Design: Technical report. Objective: Dorsolumbar vertebral dislocations, with or without associated fractures, occur secondary to very high velocity trauma. The reduction procedures and techniques, which may be adopted in these situations, have been multifariously discussed in the literature. Our objective was to assess the outcome of a novel reduction maneuver, using parallel rods which we have employed in reduction of high-grade thoracolumbar fractures to achieve precise sagittal bala...

  7. The Strategic Scorecards - An instrumentation of the strategic management accounting : Exploration of a concept, instrumentation and results from a french empirical study

    OpenAIRE

    Wegmann, Grégory

    2002-01-01

    I describe in this study a generic model of strategic management accounting instrumentation: the strategic scorecards. In order to build this generic model, I review in the existing literature the concepts of Strategic Control and Strategic Management Accounting (SMA). I present the characteristics of these concepts and analyse the reasons why they emerged. I show how the strategic scorecards are an instrumentation of the SMA in studying the most widely known and esteemed scorecards: the Bala...

  8. Corantes alimentares presentes em alimentos ultraprocessados consumidos por universitários / Food dyes present in ultra-processed foods consumed by university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana Nolasco Gama

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Descrever os corantes alimentares presentes nos alimentos ultraprocessados consumidos por 273 graduandos de uma universidade pública do Rio de Janeiro. Métodos: Foi caracterizado o perfil sociodemográfico e de saúde a partir de questionário semiestruturado. Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados foi obtido através do Questionário de Frequência Alimentar (gelatinas, biscoitos recheados, balas e chicletes, refrigerantes, preparados sólidos para refresco, sucos industrializados, temperos prontos e macarrão instantâneo e os corantes foram identificados nos rótulos dos produtos. Resultados: O consumo de produtos contendo corantes como gelatinas, balas e chicletes, refrigerantes e sucos industrializados foi acima de 80%. Balas e chicletes e temperos prontos tiveram consumo quase diário, sendo 56,9% e 54,1% respectivamente. Conclusão: Identificaram-se quatorze corantes nos rótulos dos produtos industrializados ultraprocessados.  Destacaram-se os corantes artificiais caramelos III e IV, bordeuax S, amarelo crepúsculo e tartrazina, e naturais urucum e carmim. Descritores: Corantes de alimentos, hábitos alimentares, risco.

  9. Importance of Ayu Pareeksha for the Management of Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Monika; Byadgi, P S; Dwibedy, B K

    2017-01-01

    The word Ayurveda comes from the Sanskrit root Ayu which means span of life. The purpose of examination of Ayu is to obtain knowledge regarding longevity, residual span of life in diseased person and rate of the mortality. The purpose of Dashavidha Pariksha is to obtain knowledge regarding Dosha Bala (Vyadhi Bala), Bala (Rogibala) and Ayu of the patient as described in Charak Samhita . Commonly Ayu and Vaya are regarded as synonyms but they are not similar terms. Hence, description of Vaya and Ayu is separately mentioned in Charaka as well as Sushruta Samhita . Description exclusively on Ayu Pareeksha described in Charaka Viman Sthana, Charaka Chikitsasthana, Charaka Indriya Sthana and Charaka Shareer Sthana. In Indriya Sthana, Ayu Pariksha indicates the residual life-span of the diseased person and where as in Jaatisutriya Adhyaya in Shareer Sthana mentioned the characteristic properties of the child who is going to survive for longer period of time. In Sushruta Samhita, Ayu is classified into three broad headings namely Dhirghayu, Madhyamayu and Alpayu and explained the characteristic properties of all the three.

  10. TU-F-CAMPUS-I-01: Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Short-Term Repeatability of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient and Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Parameters at 3.0T

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ding, Y; Fuller, C; Mohamed, A; Wang, J; Hazle, J [UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Many published studies have recently demonstrated the potential value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) analysis for disease evaluation. However, few have questioned its measurement repeatability/reproducibility when applied. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term measurement repeatability of apparent diffusion coefficient ADC, true diffusion coefficient D, pseudodiffusion coefficient D* and perfusion fraction f, in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) primary tumors and metastatic nodes. Methods: Ten patients with known HNSCC were examined twice using echo-planar DW-MRI with 12 b values (0 to 800 s/mm2) 1hour to 24 hours apart before radiation treatment. All patients were scanned with the customized radiation treatment immobilization devices to reduce motion artifacts and to improve image registration in repeat scans. Regions of interests were drawn in primary tumor and metastases node in each patient (Fig. 1). ADC and IVIM parameters D, D* and f were calculated by least squares data fitting. Short-term test–retest repeatability of ADC and IVIM parameters were assessed by measuring Bland–Altman limits of agreements (BA-LA). Results: Sixteen HNSCC lesions were assessed in 10 patients. Repeatability of perfusion-sensitive parameters, D* and f, in HNSCC lesions was poor (BA-LA: -144% to 88% and −57% to 96% for D* and f, respectively); a lesser extent was observed for the diffusion-sensitive parameters of ADC and D (BA-LA: −34% to 39% and −37% to 40%, for ADC and D, respectively) (Fig. 2). Conclusion: Poor repeatability of D*/f and good repeatability for ADC/D were observed in HNSCC primary tumors and metastatic nodes. Efforts should be made to improve the measurement repeatability of perfusion-sensitive IVIM parameters.

  11. Hf isotope evidence for variable slab input and crustal addition in basalts and andesites of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waight, Tod Earle; Troll, Valentin R.; Gamble, J.A.

    2017-01-01

    variations likely represent variability in primary magma compositions as a result of different degrees of sediment addition at the slab-wedge interface. Coupled variations in isotopic composition, LILE/HFSE ratios (e.g. Rb/Zr and Ba/La) and SiO2 also clearly indicate that shallower level crustal interactions...... interpretations that they are derived from oceanic crust that underlies the Torlesse meta-sediments. The results indicate that interactions with sediments at both the slab-wedge interface and in the lithosphere must be considered when evaluating trace element and isotopic variations in continental arcs....

  12. 2nd February 2011-Vice-Chancellor of Jammu University-Prof. Varun Sahni-India visiting ALICE cavern and LHC Tunnel

    CERN Multimedia

    Sylvain Chapeland

    2011-01-01

    Photo 1-2,4-8:The delegation visiting the ATLAS cavern Photo 3:ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson P. Giubellino+ALICE Collaboration University of Jammu S. Mahajan+ALICE Collaboration University of Jammu A. Bhasin+ALICE Collaboration Universita degli Studi di Torino R. Bala+V. Sahni+Adviser for India R.Voss+S. Arriaga+ALICE Collaboration University of Jammu A. Gupta Photo 9-13:The delegation visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 2 Photo 14-22: Signature of the Guest Book with R. Voss

  13. Designing Social Interfaces Principles, Patterns, and Practices for Improving the User Experience

    CERN Document Server

    Crumlish, Christian

    2009-01-01

    From the creators of Yahoo!'s Design Pattern Library, Designing Social Interfaces provides you with more than 100 patterns, principles, and best practices, along with salient advice for many of the common challenges you'll face when starting a social website. Designing sites that foster user interaction and community-building is a valuable skill for web developers and designers today, but it's not that easy to understand the nuances of the social web. Now you have help. Christian Crumlish and Erin Malone share hard-won insights into what works, what doesn't, and why. You'll learn how to bala

  14. Need for a national epilepsy control program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Tripathi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article briefly outlines the proposed national epilepsy control program. The content of the article is based on four meetings held by invitation of the Ministry of Health. Invitees by ministry - Drs. D. C. Jain, M. Gourie Devi, V. Saxena, S. Jain, P. Satish. Chandra, M. Gupta, K. Bala, V. Puri, K. S. Anand, S. Gulati, S. Johri, P. S. Chandra, M. Behari, K. Radhakrishnan, D. Bachani. Presentations were made by Dr. M. Tripathi.The program will involve all neurologists across the country in teaching and training at state levels and a central monitoring committee.

  15. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 390 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. A. Ashimi, OA · Awadalla, Ahmed M · Awara, AM · Ayash, HM · Ayyuba, R · Aziato, Lydia · Azmi, S · Azubuike, O · Azubuike, Samuel. B. Babu, SN · Badawy, TE · Bala, J · Balamurugan, SS · Bandopadhyay, AK · Banerjee, D · Bangal, VB · Basari, R

  16. Concepto de armas de fuego y balística

    OpenAIRE

    Colmenero Gil del Avalle, Jesús

    2014-01-01

    Se aborda el concepto de balística forense.Así como las ramas fundamentales en que se divide la ciencia balística: interna, externa, de efectos y comparativa o identificativa. El arma de fuego y su clasificación. Se explica en que consiste los troqueles de las armas, el calibre del arma y de la bala.La cartucheria, el estudio de los componentes del cartucho. Nomenclatura de los cartuchos. Finalmente se aborda la balística externa, trayectoria y distancia de un disparo. Universidad de Málag...

  17. Y coroné "divino: representación narco y narconarrativa en la televisión colombiana

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Cerón, Edwin

    2012-01-01

    Y coroné "divino" interviene en el lenguaje; es una metáfora que condensa lo narco," ese lenguaje bastardo de la jerga de los advenedizos y de los prohibidos de Colombia, con lo mejor de ser un colombiano 'divinamente' y de ser aquella "gente bien" o establecida en el país del Divino Niño; la imagen se hace verbo y redirecciona la atención a un sistema social e histórico de entendidos, reforzados con las balas carísimas de los fusiles AK-47 que le coronan y que le engrandecen. Nuestra fe cieg...

  18. Corantes alimentares presentes em alimentos ultraprocessados consumidos por universitários / Food dyes present in ultra-processed foods consumed by university students

    OpenAIRE

    Dayana Nolasco Gama; Maria Lúcia Teixeira Polônio

    2018-01-01

    Objetivo: Descrever os corantes alimentares presentes nos alimentos ultraprocessados consumidos por 273 graduandos de uma universidade pública do Rio de Janeiro. Métodos: Foi caracterizado o perfil sociodemográfico e de saúde a partir de questionário semiestruturado. Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados foi obtido através do Questionário de Frequência Alimentar (gelatinas, biscoitos recheados, balas e chicletes, refrigerantes, preparados sólidos para refresco, sucos industrializados, tempero...

  19. Chaînes globales de valeur et audit social

    OpenAIRE

    Barraud De Lagerie, Pauline

    2016-01-01

    La mondialisation ne se réduit pas à une extension de la sphère des échanges commerciaux à l’échellede la planète; elle prend aussi la forme d’une internationalisation de la production et de la division dutravail. Ainsi, les travailleurs des pays du Sud fabriquent désormais une grande part des produits venduspar des firmes occidentales à des consommateurs occidentaux. Cette configuration des «globalcommodity chains» (Gereffi, 1999) ou «global value chains» (Bair, 2010; Palpacuer et Balas, 201...

  20. Adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system modeling to predict damage level of non-reshaped berm breakwater

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Harish, N.; Mandal, S.; Rao, S.; Lokesha

    (Subba Rao et al., 2004). Fig.1 Experimental Set-Up In the third set of experiments armor stones weight W50 = 58.6 gm which is about 20% less than 74 gm. The influence of tidal effect and stability were studied by changing the depth... Regression to predict the stability number of armor blocks of breakwaters. The proposed method proves to be an effective tool for designers of rubble mound breakwaters to support their decision process and to improve design efficiency. Balas et al...

  1. Sothi-Siswal Ceramic Assemblage: A Reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejas Garge

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Harappan evidences in Chautan valley has a unique ceramic tradition. In the light of recent plethora of knowledge as well as against the background of the studies conducted by A. Ghosh, J.S. Nigam, Katy Frenchman, Suraj Bhan & Madhu Bala, we will have to not only reclassify the Sothi-Siswal ceramic assemblage but also alter basic nomenclatures and concepts involve in it. It will give us deep insight in to the process of evolution of Early Harappan cultures vis-à-vis the dynamic of regional cultural complexes.

  2. Extractos del diario de un mosquito moderno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesse B. Leslie

    1943-01-01

    que desempeñamos en la guerra con España. Matamos más soldados y produjimos más enfermedades, penalidades y devastación en el ejército que las mismas balas. No cabe duda de que nuestra reputación como combatientes es internacional y digna de la primera página de los diarios. ¿ En honor de quién y por qué creen ustedes que se bautizaron los botes y las flotas "Mosquito"?

  3. COMPARAÇÃO DO EFEITO DO TREINAMENTO PROPRIOCEPTIVO NO TORNOZELO DE NÃO ATLETAS E JOGADORES DE VOLEIBOL

    OpenAIRE

    Cristofoli, Emanuele Lazzari; Peres, Mariana Michalski; Cecchini, Lisiane; Pacheco, Ivan; Pacheco, Adriana Moré

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Introdução: O tornozelo é a articulação que sofre mais lesões tanto na vida diária quanto na prática de esportes, especialmente em praticantes de voleibol, que exige movimentos bruscos. Um menor risco de lesão está ligado à estabilidade articular do tornozelo, que pode ser adquirida através de treinamentos proprioceptivos, utilizados para reabilitação e para prevenção de lesões. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de um treinamento proprioceptivo para tornozelo por meio do Star Excursion Bala...

  4. Evaluation of the contamination of the territory of Croatia by means of radioactive rain as a consequence of the incident in the NPP 'Lenin'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lulic, S.; Barisic, D.; Kosutic, K.; Kvastek, K.; Tuta, J.; Vertacnik, A.; Vrhovac, A.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper radioactive contamination level in Croatia by means of radioactive rain waters, that was caused by the accident of NPP 'Lenin' in Chernobyl, has been described. The displayed results represent the sum of the measured activity of radionuclides 103 Ru, 131 I, 132 Te-I, 134 Cs and 140 Ba-La. It has been constructed on the basis of measured and evaluated data and the scheme of the radioactive contamination level in Croatia by means of radioactive rain waters between April 28 to May 20th, 1986. (author)

  5. SELECTIVIDAD DEL INSECTICIDA CARTAP EMPLEANDO BIOENSAYOS CON ORGANISMOS NO DESTINATARIOS

    OpenAIRE

    Iannacone, José; Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal (Perú).; Alvariño, Lorena; Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal (Perú).

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo de la presente investigación fue evaluar la ecotoxicidad del cartap (Bala® 50 PS) sobre ocho organismos animales no destinatarios: 1) Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774) (Mollusca), 2) Emerita analoga (Stimpson, 1857) (Crustácea), 3) Chironomus calligraphus Goeldi, 1805 (Diptera), 4) Cyprinus carpio (Linné, 1758) (Osteichyties), 5) Eisenia foetida (Savigny, 1826) (Annelida), 6) Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas, 1851) (Hemiptera), 7) Trichogramma fuentesi Torre, 1980 (Hymenoptera) y 8...

  6. RESEARCHES CONCERNING OF THE MINERAL CONTENT OF ACACIA HONEY DERIVED ON DIFFERENTS COUNTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA PĂTRUICĂ

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the research concerning chemical composition of acacia honey from the differents region. Analisys concerning the mineral content were made in 14-19 march 2008 in the molecular and atomical spectroscopy laboratoriy of the Faculty of Agro-Food Tehnology and Processing from USABMV Timisoara, through spectroscopy with atomic absorbability in flame with the spectrometer. Contr AA 300 with continous surce. There were anailzted 3 honey samples made in 2007 from Domasnea and Farliug (Caras-Severin and Bala (Mehedinti. The ash contain in Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Pb, Co, Cr was determined.

  7. New facets of the STS polytope generated from known facets of the ATS polytope.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simonetti, Neil (Bryn Athyn College of the New Church, Bryn Athyn, PA); Fischetti, Matteo (University of Padova, Padova, Italy); Balas, Egon (Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA); Carr, Robert D.

    2005-05-01

    While it had been known for a long time how to transform an asymmetric traveling salesman (ATS) problem on the complete graph with n vertices into a symmetric traveling salesman (STS) problem on an incomplete graph with 2n vertices, no method was available for using this correspondence to derive facets of the symmetric polytope from facets of the asymmetric polytope until the work of E. Balas and M. Fischetti in [Lifted cycle inequalities for the asymmetric traveling salesman problem, Mathematics of Operations Research 24 (2) (1999) 273-292] suggested an approach. The original Balas-Fischetti method uses a standard sequential lifting procedure for the computation of the coefficient of the edges that are missing in the incomplete STS graph, which is a difficult task when addressing classes of (as opposed to single) inequalities. In this paper we introduce a systematic procedure for accomplishing the lifting task. The procedure exploits the structure of the tight STS tours and organizes them into a suitable tree structure. The potential of the method is illustrated by deriving large new classes of facet-defining STS inequalities.

  8. EMI – young HIMU rock association at the Cape Verde Islands revisited: on the role of oceanic carbonatites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Paul Martin; Kokfelt, Thomas Find; Dyhr, Charlotte Thorup

    of the major islands in the archipelago. Four source end-members are dominant for three of the islands - young HIMU at Santo Antão (SA) with 206Pb/204Pb = 20.0, 208Pb/204Pb = 39.8, 143Nd/144Nd = 0.51288, 87Sr/86Sr= 0.70335, EM-1 at Fogo with 206Pb/204Pb = 18.8, 208Pb/204Pb = 38.7, 143Nd/144Nd = 0.51274 , 87Sr.......7031. Incompatible trace element ratios such as Ba/Nb, Ba/La, Th/Rb, La/Nb, La/Th of Fogo-EM1 are comparable to other EM1-type OIB, whereas SA young HIMU-rocks overlap with classical HIMU. The SN end-member has Ba/Nb=6-9, Ba/La=8-14, and La/Th=9-11 in the range of EM1 and HIMU, but has relatively lower Rb than even...... a relative depletion in LREEs and high Ti/Eu and seem to be complementary to carbonatites; they may be derived from sources that lost carbonatite or from immiscibility of carbonatite and silicate melts. Fogo rocks show a distinct trend in isotopic compositons towards carbonatite from this island, but other...

  9. Comércio informal e formal de alimentos no âmbito escolar de um município da região central do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone de Castro Giacomelli

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o comércio de alimentos nas escolas, tanto o comércio informal quanto em cantinas. O trabalho transcorreu de março a maio de 2011, de um universo de 110 escolas de Ensino Fundamental e Ensino Médio das redes municipal, estadual e privada de um município da região central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Das 110 escolas, 104 (94,5% participaram da pesquisa e, destas, 28,8% possuíam cantina, sendo uma presença marcante nas escolas privadas. Das escolas que não possuíam cantina, 40,4% possuíam comércio informal, sendo a maioria formada por escolas do âmbito municipal. Nas cantinas, há maior oferta de salgados fritos e folhados, cachorros-quentes, pizzas, hambúrgueres, balas, chicletes e pirulitos, refrigerantes, sucos industrializados e água. Os alimentos mais vendidos são salgados fritos, assados, cachorros-quentes, balas, chocolates e refrigerantes, em todos os âmbitos. Em suma, pode-se concluir que nenhuma cantina escolar está totalmente adequada em relação à lei vigente; porém, as cantinas das escolas particulares apresentam resultados mais satisfatórios quando comparadas às dos outros âmbitos.

  10. National design environment for pulp mills; Kansallinen paperitehtaan suunnitteluympaeristoe - PMST 03

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaijaluoto, S. [VTT Energy, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    The research to be done in the CACTUS research programme produces new process models and generates new knowledge about the influence of various contaminants on the runnability and the quality of paper. The generated information calls for an environment where it can be analysed and utilised. The goal of the project is to build a design environment for papermaking processes. The environment will be composed of a number of tools, all integrated together, that can be used in process design from preliminary concept screening through detailed simulation studies to the design and tuning of control systems. The design environment is based on the Balas and APMS simulation programmes developed at VTT. Balas is a general steady-state simulation package for chemical processes with emphasis on pulp and paper. Recent applications include the analysis of the influence of new drying techniques on the energy and water management of a paper mill and the evaluation of new paper machine and water treatment concepts. APMS (Advanced Pulp and Paper Mill Simulator) is a new flexible tool intended for fast modelling and efficient simulation of the dynamic performance the various unit processes in pulp and paper mill, or even of the whole integrated mill. (orig.)

  11. The Telegraph and the Control of Material Movements: A Micro-Study about the Detachment of Communication from Transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenzlhuemer, Roland

    Relatively recent historiographical approaches such as global or transnational history have attracted new attention to telegraphy and its role in processes of globalization. This renewed interest in submarine cables and overland wires has recently provided us with a reasonably good idea of how the global telegraph network developed in the nineteenth century, who its principal designers were, and where it was more and where it was less tight. Little, however, has been said so far about the actual matters communicated telegraphically, certainly not in any systematic fashion. Apart from individual telegraphic messages that gained prominence in political or military history, the contents of telegrams have attracted little historiographical attention. What was conveyed in telegrams has not been interrogated as to its significance in globalization processes. This article seeks to make a first step in this direction and suggests that only in a content analysis of everyday telegrams do the most important qualities of telegraphy become apparent. It introduces a small but coherent corpus of telegrams-the Bala railway telegrams-that provides us with a rare opportunity to study the contents of telegraphic messages in a systematic form. In the course of the analysis of the Bala railway telegrams the importance of this device's power to coordinate and control movement begins to show. By relating evidence from this micro-level study to the contexts in which telegraphy was employed on a larger scale, the article suggests that this capacity for coordination and control was the principal new quality introduced by the technology.

  12. Viés Cognitivo: Quando Ser Racional Não é o Bastante / Cognitive Bias: When Being Rational Is Not Enough

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Faber

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Você compra uma xícara de café e uma bala com R$ 1,10. O café custa R$ 1,00 a mais que a bala. Quanto custa a bala? Ok, essa foi fácil e certamente você respondeu 5 centavos. Não?! Então volte e tente novamente. Se sim, então podemos tentar uma outra um pouco mais difícil. Vamos considerar dois joguinhos nos quais você tem que decidir entre duas possibilidades, baseando-se apenas nas suas impressões quanto aos possíveis riscos e vantagens: JOGO 1: Suponha duas possibilidades: A – Você tem 25% de chance de ganhar 30 mil reais e 75% de ganhar nada. B – Você tem 20% de chance de ganhar 45 mil reais e 80% de ganhar nada. E então, você escolheria a alternativa A ou B? Uma pesquisa sobre esse dilema foi publicada pelo Nobel em Economia Daniel Kahneman e seu colaborador Amos Tversky, num artigo de 1986. Eles mostraram que 42% das pessoas entrevistadas optaram pela alternativa A, enquanto 58% optaram por B. Analisando esses valores, vemos que nem mesmo com um teste estatístico rigoroso encontraríamos alguma diferença muito impressionante. Suas diferenças apenas sugerem uma pequena tendência mais conservadora por parte dos participantes. Isto porque a diferença de 5% entre A e B parece ser um risco razoável a se correr frente ao ganho de 15 mil reais. Ok, mas por hora coloquemos esse jogo de lado e vamos para um outro. JOGO 2: A ideia geral é a mesma. Porém, agora o jogo ocorre em duas etapas. Desta vez você sabe que tem 25% de chance de ir para a segunda fase e, portanto, possui 75% de chance de não ir para a segunda fase do jogo. Porém, uma vez na segunda fase, você poderá escolher entre duas alternativas: A – 100% de chance de ganhar 30 mil reais (ou seja, com certeza ganhará. B – 80% de chance de ganhar 45 mil reais e 20% de ganhar nada. E agora? Qual das duas alternativas você escolheria, A ou B?

  13. High H2O in MORB From Gakkel Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, P. J.; Matzen, A. K.; Langmuir, C. H.; Goldstein, S. L.; Soffer, G.; Schmieder, P.; Graham, D. W.

    2003-12-01

    Enriched and depleted mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) from western Gakkel Ridge (GR) in the Arctic Ocean have distinctive trace element and volatile characteristics compared to MORB globally. They are enriched in H2O and large ion lithophile (LIL) relative to rare earth elements (REE), so have high H2O/Ce and Ba/La. To a lesser degree, they are enriched in REE relative to HFS (e.g., high La/Nb). The order of enrichment is H2O >Ba>Rb>K>La and is similar to the subduction zone signature displayed by some back-arc basin basalts. There has been about 200 km of shortening in this region as Greenland converged with the Arctic Basin during the Cenozoic (Brozena et al, 2003) but true subduction is less likely. The enrichment pattern also has some similarity with continental lithosphere, which may be present in the source region since continental rifting was relatively recent in this region. Continental involvement was suggested for Knipovich R. (Schilling et al., 1999). The geographic extent of the distinctive enrichment should help constrain its origin, since an anomaly associated with Greenland convergence should be localized to western GR. H2O/Ce and Ba/La both diminish toward the eastern GR, where basalts resemble Pacific MORB.However, H2O/Ce remains high toward the North Atlantic along Knipovich, Mohns, Kolbeinsey and Reykjanes Ridges, suggesting a much larger region, perhaps related to a larger and more ancient subduction event. The extent of the high Ba/La in the northernmost Atlantic is not clear from current data. Isotopic data from Gakkel ridge MORB should provide additional constraints on the nature of the high- H2O component on GR. When MORB are considered globally, there are no consistent associations between H2O/Ce and other trace element and isotopic characteristics. Some MORB with high Ba/Nb and high 87Sr/86Sr relative to 206Pb/204Pb have high H2O (SEIR) whereas others (southern MAR) have distinctive low H2O (Dixon et al; 2002; Michael and Kamenetsky, 2002

  14. Editorial: La guerra y el progreso médico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Gnecco Mozo

    1940-10-01

    Quienes atribuyen a la guerra una influencia directa en el conocimiento de las localizaciones cerebrales y de la fisiología nerviosa en general, no se dan cuenta de que el camino de las balas por entre la encrucijada nerviosa del cerebro o la medula no merecía ser seguido por el ojo estudioso en más de tres ocasiones para cada trayectoria, y la criminalidad ordinaria de los países en paz daba de sí más que suficiente material para estos estudios. ¡Qué cruel inutilidad la de millones de cráneos destrozados por la metralla desde el punto de vista de la experimentación fisiológica!

  15. The influence of the local structure on proton transport in a solid oxide proton conductor La 0.8 Ba 1.2 GaO 3.9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Yongqiang [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division; Balachandran, Janakiraman [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science; Bi, Zhonghe [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Bridges, Craig A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Daemen, Luke L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division; Ganesh, P. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science; Jalarvo, Niina [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division; Julich Research Centre (Germany)

    2017-07-18

    The local structure around the mobile ions influences their dynamics. The knowledge about the relationship between these properties is of fundamental importance and may lead the way for development of improved solid state ionic conductors. Here, we use inelastic neutron scattering and ab initio modeling to study a representative proton conductor, La0.8Ba1.2GaO3.9, where different local structures are possible for the same stoichiometry. The intrinsic correlations between the local bonding environment and the dynamical behavior of protons are presented. In particular, we identify how the local Ba/La concentration affects the proton vibrational frequencies, hydrogen bond strength, O–H rotations and in turn long-range proton mobility. Furthermore, possible mechanism for proton transport, through the inter-tetrahedral bond switching, O–H rotations and tetrahedral reorientation is anticipated.

  16. Contribution of the short lived radionuclides in food to the total radiation burden of man after the nuclear accident in Chernobyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Popovic, D.; Djuric, G.; Smelcerovic, M.; Maksimovic, B.

    1989-01-01

    The paper presents the results of the short lived radionuclides (I-131, Te(I)-132, Cs-136, Ce-141,144, Ru-103,106, Ba(La)-140, Zr-95, Mo-99, Nb-95, Sb-125) mass activities estimation in some foodstuff (milk and milk products), immediately after the nuclear accident in Chernobyl, in May 1986. The activities of the radionuclides were determined on Ge(Li) detector by standard gamma spectrometry, with the total error less than 20%. The results enabled the evaluation of the short lived radionuclides contribution in the total dose due to ingestion of milk and milk products, in the first month after the accident, compared to the contribution of I-131 and to the contribution of the main long lived radionuclides: Ce-134 and Cs-137 (author)

  17. Control of Next Generation Aircraft and Wind Turbines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The first part of this talk will describe some of the exciting new next generation aircraft that NASA is proposing for the future. These aircraft are being designed to reduce aircraft fuel consumption and environmental impact. Reducing the aircraft weight is one approach that will be used to achieve these goals. A new control framework will be presented that enables lighter, more flexible aircraft to maintain aircraft handling qualities, while preventing the aircraft from exceeding structural load limits. The second part of the talk will give an overview of utility-scale wind turbines and their control. Results of collaboration with Dr. Balas will be presented, including new theory to adaptively control the turbine in the presence of structural modes, with the focus on the application of this theory to a high-fidelity simulation of a wind turbine.

  18. Género, clase y raza en la economía feminista

    OpenAIRE

    Domínguez Martín, Rafael

    2002-01-01

    RESUMEN. Este artículo es un repaso histórico de los conceptos de «género», «clase» y «raza» en su utilización por la recientemente institucionalizada economía feminista. Después de trazar los orígenes y propósitos de esta nueva corriente de la ciencia económica, se analizan los posibles entrelazamientos y jerarquizaciones entre género, clase y raza, a partir de la vasta literatura generada por la economía feminista en los últimos años, principalmente en Estados Unidos. El bala...

  19. ¿Quién teme al periódico digital?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dra. Lucía Martínez Odriozola

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available En un momento en que hablar de los diarios en Internet está de moda y en el que se hacen cábalas constantemente con el futuro de la prensa tradicional y su sustitución por los denominados periódicos digitales, el presente trabajo, basado en un estudio realizado en el País Vasco (UPV-EHU, pone en cuestión que en realidad estos últimos sean, de momento, una amenaza real para los diarios convencionales.Ni empresarialmente, ya que ambas versiones, papel y digital, pertenecen a la misma empresa editora; ni periodísticamente, porque las ediciones digitales son un mero volcado o copia de las de papel, que no aprovechan las prácticamente infinitas posibilidades que les otorga el soporte electrónico ni han creado un lenguaje propio para el nuevo medio.

  20. Study of attenuation structure for central Anatolia region, Turkey based on Keskin seismic array data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semin, K. U.; Ozel, N. M.

    2011-12-01

    Central Anatolia is bounded in the north by the well-known north Anatolian fault system (NAFS) and on the south-southwest is bounded by the east Anatolian fault system (EAFS). The central area does not have major faults and acts as a single block moving westward. This region is not considered as seismically active as the NAFS or EAFS but the recent moderate-size Bala earthquakes (Ml=5.7, Ml= 5.5) on 20 and 27 December 2007 near the Tuz golu fault may be an indication of future seismic activity. In order to get a better picture of the crustal structure of this region we applied Coda Normalization method for the measurement of Qs-1 as a function of frequency for the frequencies 1.5, 3, 6, 8 Hz. 20 and 27 December 2007 Bala earthquakes (Ml magnitude 5.6 an 5.5) and their aftershocks recorded by the Keskin seismic array (International Monitoring System code BRTR) is analyzed in this study. Keskin seismic array has a small aperture circular design with 6 vertical short period and 1 broadband borehole seismometers. In addition, Multiple Lapse Time Window Analysis (MLTWA) method was applied to the data for the separation of intrinsic and scattering attenuation inm the region at the same frequencies. MLTWA method allowed a separation between the intrinsic attenuation and scattering attenuation. Preliminary results show a relatively low attenuation compared to western and eastern anatolia regions. This might be explained by the less seismicity in the region. A study of the regional and site attenuation of seismic waves of earthquakes in this area will contribute in predicting earthquake generated ground-motion and becomes vital in making decisions for earthquake regulations, building codes and to monitoring nuclear explosions.

  1. Dos posibles obras de Melchor de Velasco : las iglesias de las agustinas y dominicanas de Lugo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo de Abel Vilela

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1662 se funda en Lugo el convento de las Agustinas Recoletas instalándose en unas casas de la Plaza Mayor. Entre 1663 y 1667 construye la iglesia Antonio Rodríguez Maseda siguiendo las trazas de un arquitecto desconocido. Se propone como autor a Melchor de Velasco Agüero, encargado de tasar y reconocer la obra en 1668. Tanto el convento como la iglesia fueron derribados en 1840. Se hace la reconstrucción a partir de la información facilitada en el contrato de la obra. El convento de Santa María A Nova fue fundado en 1363. La iglesia gótica fue sustituida por una construcción ejecutada en dos fases. La primera entre 1681 y 1688, posiblemente siguiendo trazas de Melchor de Velasco, autor de las de la iglesia de Santa Bala de Arealonga en Vilagarcía de Arousa (Pontevedra, por las semejanzas existentes entre las puertas de ambas.In 1662 the convent of Las Agustinas Recoletas was founded within a few homes on the main square of Lugo. Between 1663 and 1667, Antonio Rodríguez Maseda, following the designs ofan unknown architect, constructed the church. It is thought that this unknown architect is Melchor de Velasco Agüero, who was in charge ofappraising and officially recognizing the building in 1668. Both the convent and the church were knocked down in 1840. Reconstruction ofthese buildings is made possible by Information found in original building contracts. The convent of Santa María A Nova was founded in 1363. The gothic church, which was a part of the convent, was replaced by a building constructed in two phases. The first of them between 1681 and 1688, probably by following the plans of Melchor de Velasco, the creator of the church of Santa Bala de Arealonga in Vilagarcia de Arousa (Pontevedra.

  2. Préstamos en el portugués de los judíos hispano-portugueses de Ámsterdam en la primera mitad del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerkhof, Maxim P. A. M.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses some lexical particularities of the language of the ‘Portuguese nation’ of Amsterdam found in three documents: two registers of the burial ground at Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, respectively the Livro de Bet Haim do Kahal Kados de Bet Yahacob (1614-1630 and the Livro de Bet Haim do Kahal Kados de Talmud Torah (1639-1648, being the third document the Livro dos termos e as[s]entos da Companhia Santa de dotar orfa[n]s e donzelas (1616. Foreign words (specially, Dutch are studied, and it is provided a more detailed analysis of the words esclavim, balio, escotete, placa, pataca, pascoa / pasquoa, envoluntar, atuendo, balotar, buselo and bala.

    Este estudio analiza algunas particularidades léxicas del portugués de la ‘nação portuguesa’ de Ámsterdam en tres documentos, a saber, los dos registros del cementerio de los judíos hispano-portugueses en Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, respectivamente el Livro de Bet Haim do Kahal Kados de Bet Yahacob (1614-1630 y el Livro de Bet Haim do Kahal Kados de Talmud Torah (1639-1648, siendo el tercero el Livro dos termos e as[s]entos da Companhia Santa de dotar orfa[n]s e donzelas (1616. Se estudian los extranjerismos (especialmente, voces neerlandesas, y se proporciona un análisis más detallado de las voces esclavim, balio, escotete, placa, pataca, pascoa / pasquoa, envoluntar, atuendo, balotar, buselo y bala.

  3. Mathematical models to describe the volumetric shrinkage rate of red beans during drying Modelos matemáticos para descrever a taxa de contração volumétrica de feijão-vermelho durante a secagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo C. Corrêa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to determine the volumetric shrinkage rate of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. seeds during air-drying under different conditions of air, temperature and relative humidity, and to adjust several mathematical models to the empiric values observed, and select the one that best represents the phenomenon. Six mathematical models were adjusted to the experimental values to represent the phenomenon. It was determined the degree of adjustment of each model from the value of the coefficient of determination, the behavior of the distribution of the residuals, and the magnitude of the average relative and estimated errors. The rate of volumetric shrinkage that occurred in bean seeds during drying is between 25 and 37%. It basically depends on the final moisture content, regardless of the air conditions during drying. The Modified Bala & Woods' model best represented the process.O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a taxa de contração volumétrica de sementes de feijão (Phaseolus vulgaris L. durante a secagem sob diferentes condições de ar, temperatura e umidade relativa, e ajustar vários modelos matemáticos para os valores empíricos observados, selecionando o que melhor representa este fenômeno. Foram ajustados seis modelos matemáticos aos dados experimentais para representar o fenômeno. Determinou-se o grau de ajuste de cada modelo através dos valores de coeficiente de determinação, do comportamento da distribuição dos resíduos e da magnitude dos erros médios relativos e estimados. A taxa de contração volumétrica que as sementes de feijão sofreram durante a secagem é em torno de 25 a 37%, e é basicamente em função do teor de água final e praticamente independente das condições do ar de secagem. O modelo de Bala e Woods modificado foi o que melhor representou o processo.

  4. Some Major Element Systematics of Back-Arc Basin Basalts and Their Relation to Back-Arc Crustal Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, B.; Martinez, F.

    2002-12-01

    Regardless of spreading rate, the magma production of back-arc spreading centers is enhanced near the volcanic front, diminished at intermediate distances, and typical of mid-ocean ridges (MOR) far behind the arc (150-250 km). Martinez and Taylor (Nature, 2002) proposed that slab-supplied water enhances (flux) melting near the arc, but that melt-depleted mantle carried beneath the back-arc basin by wedge corner flow reduces (decompression) melting until, far behind the arc, sufficient fertile mantle is entrained. Here we investigate their model predictions by reviewing the geochemistry of spreading axis lavas from the Lau, Manus, Mariana and East Scotia Basins. We derive relations of the form Fe8=[FeO+0.5(8-MgO)]/[1+0.25(8-MgO)] to correct published glass analyses (to 8% MgO) for the effects of variable crystal fractionation. Arc-proximal, shallow, back-arc crust with arc-like compositions occurs in each basin. In the fast-spreading Lau and Manus Basins, the degree of arc influence (e.g., Ba/La and H2O) progressively decreases with distance from the volcanic front, although some BABB are erupted along with MORB even far from the arc. In the intermediate-spreading rate East Scotia Basin, the central spreading segments (E5-E7, >100 km from the arc) are MORB-like; the end segments (E2 and E9) as well as E4 are influenced by both arc and plume components. BABB dominate the slow-spreading rate Mariana Trough, but the mantle is extremely heterogeneous, with examples of arc- and MORB-like lavas erupted in close proximity. Na8, Fe8, Ti8, and Yb8 decreases, and Ba/La and H2O(8) increases, between the MORB-like and arc-like end members within each basin reflect greater total extents of melting of more depleted mantle that is enriched in slab-derived components. There are also systematic variations BETWEEN the four basins in Na8 (and Ti8, Yb8) versus Fe8 values that reflect regional differences in the degree of partial melting (Manus/Lau > Scotia/Mariana). The re

  5. Including the biogeochemical impacts of deforestation increases projected warming of climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Catherine; Monks, Sarah; Spracklen, Dominick; Arnold, Stephen; Forster, Piers; Rap, Alexandru; Carslaw, Kenneth; Chipperfield, Martyn; Reddington, Carly; Wilson, Christopher

    2016-04-01

    Forests cover almost one third of the Earth's land area and their distribution is changing as a result of human activities. The presence, and removal, of forests affects the climate in many ways, with the net climate impact of deforestation dependent upon the relative strength of these effects (Betts, 2000; Bala et al., 2007; Davin and de Noblet-Ducoudré, 2010). In addition to controlling the surface albedo and exchanging carbon dioxide (CO2) and moisture with the atmosphere, vegetation emits biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), which lead to the formation of biogenic secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and alter the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere, affecting ozone (O3) and methane (CH4) concentrations. In this work, we combine a land-surface model with a chemical transport model, a global aerosol model, and a radiative transfer model to compare several radiative impacts of idealised deforestation scenarios in the present day. We find that the simulated reduction in biogenic SOA production, due to complete global deforestation, exerts a positive combined aerosol radiative forcing (RF) of between +308.0 and +362.7 mW m-2; comprised of a direct radiative effect of between +116.5 and +165.0 mW m-2, and a first aerosol indirect effect of between +191.5 and +197.7 mW m-2. We find that the reduction in O3 exerts a negative RF of -150.7 mW m-2 and the reduction in CH4 results in a negative RF of -76.2 mWm-2. When the impacts on biogenic SOA, O3 and CH4 are combined, global deforestation exerts an overall positive RF of between +81.1 and +135.9 mW m-2 through changes to short-lived climate forcers (SLCF). Taking these additional biogeochemical impacts into account increases the net positive RF of complete global deforestation, due to changes in CO2 and surface albedo, by 7-11%. Overall, our work suggests that deforestation has a stronger warming impact on climate than previously thought. References: Bala, G. et al., 2007. Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects

  6. THE RESULTS OF PROFESSIONAL APPROACH AND INCREASED INTENSITY OF WORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi Georgiev

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The goal of the research is to establish if the professional approach and increased intensity of applied results in improvements and differences between the functional and motoric abilities (skills and habits with students. Methods: The research has been conducted on a sample of 76 students at the age of 14. The first subsample consists of 40 students, and the second of 36 students, who, along with their regular school classes of 3 times a week and additional sports subject as choice (this refers to the first subsample as well, had regular trainings in basketball clubs three hours a week. They were tested by three indexes: 1 motoric abilities; 2 motoric skills and habits (Majeric, 2004; and 3 functional abilities (Jovanovic, 1999. There were calculated: basic descriptive statistic parameters, t-tests of independent samples, analysis of variance and Friedman test (Bala, 1986. Results: The results of the analyses are represented in 8 tables. On the base of the obtained results, the conclusion is that better results in all three indexes, are determined with the second subsample. It is those who are involved in regular school classes, have the sport as their additional subject choice, and had an active training work in their sports clubs. Discussion: The authors general conclusion of the research is that the number of that kind of research approach is quite small The results of the analyses of the first index in the conducted research show great similarity with the results obtained in the research of Georgiev, Kostovski, & Mitrevski (2012. The results of the second index indicate great similarity with Mitrevski’s research (2012. The results of the third index are logically sustained. They are better with the second subsample. References: Bala G (1986. Logicke osnove metoda za analizu podataka iz istrazivanja u fizickoj kulturi. Novi Sad, Sava Muncan. Georgiev G, Kostovski Z, Mitrevski V (2012. Sport Mont, 34-36, 105-9. Jovanovic G

  7. Source implications for the different geochemical features of recent basaltic rocks from the northernmost part of the Cappadocian region, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurkcuoglu, Biltan; Yurur, Tekin

    2017-04-01

    Extensive magmatic activities developed since middle-Miocene, in the Cappadocian Region of Central Anatolia in Turkey. The nature and the sources of the magmatism were well-constrained by previous studies. Even though the sources of Strato-volcanoes and monogenetic vents were briefly explained, extremely young basalts (1.22 - 0.094 Ka) situated in northernmost part of Cappadocian Region and erupted between the two extentional faults, are not deeply investigated. Karaburna and Gülşehir lavas (1.22, 0.094 Ka, respectively, Dogan, 2011) are considered as a part of the Central Anatolian Volcanic Province, with extremely young ages, generated either at the final or after the final stage of the Cappadocian systems. These lavas have similar LIL and HFS elements patterns with each other, however, Karaburna samples are more enriched in HFS elements. These basalts also display approximately similar trends in LIL elements ( except Rb) and reflect HFS depletion relative to the OIB signature, moreover, HFS are more enriched compared to the Hasandag basaltic rocks, all these features suggesting, basaltic rocks are originated from the modified mantle source. Karaburna and Gülşehir basalts have low Nb/La (0.45-0.5 ; 0.35-0.42), Nb/Y( 0.33-.39; 0.27-0.44 Nb/Th (2.75-4.6; 1.26-1.68) and high Ba/Nb (22-32; 38-43) ratios suggesting the contributions from the crustal sources, moreoever, Gülşehir basaltic rocks differ from the Karaburna lavas with relatively low Nb/U ( 4.5-6.4) and high Ba/La ( 14.67-17.20) Th/La (0.22-0.27), whereas Karaburna samples are represented by low Ba/La (10.04-14.90) and Th/La (0.09-0.16) ratios, these geochemical features reveal that these differences are originated either from the different degrees of crustal involvement or change in the nature of the source in a short time interval. Of all the most recent basaltic products generated in central Anatolia are alkaline in nature, besides, the trace element content, multi-element patterns and HFS/LIL and

  8. Aplicación de productos derivados del insecto Dactylopius coccus Costa (Homóptera, Dactylopiidae Aplicación de productos derivados del insecto Dactylopius coccus Costa (Homóptera, Dactylopiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Vargas Rodríguez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available   Nowadays many industries want to replace synthetic dyes by natural, due to its harmful effects and the high contamination of the environment. Dactylopius coccus Costa (cochi­neal is an insect to obtain natural products that are used as dyes. The aim of this study was to promote the application of cochineal and the products derivates of these insect, in the dyeing of cotton fabric and in the coloration of a lipstick bullet at the laboratory. Was applied to the aqueous extract of cochineal on cotton fabric, obtaining homogeneous colors, with average values in the CIELab scale of: 43.81±0.33 L*, 44.64±0.15 a* y -4.03±0.55 b*. It also was applied the carmine pigment in the elaboration of a lipstick bullet, was obtai­ned consistent color with the following average values on the CIELab scale: 13.25±3.62 L*, 4.80±1.41 a* y -0.23±0.84 b*. Actualmente muchas industrias buscan sustituir los colorantes sintéticos por naturales, debido a su efecto nocivo y a la alta contaminación del medio ambiente. Del insecto Dactylopius coccus Costa (grana carmín se obtienen productos naturales que se pueden usar como colorantes, por lo que el objetivo de este trabajo fue difundir la aplicación del insecto grana carmín y los productos derivados del mismo en el teñido de una tela de algodón y en la coloración de una bala labial a nivel laboratorio. Al aplicar el extracto acuoso de la grana carmín sobre la tela de algodón, se consiguieron colores homogéneos, con valores promedio en la escala CIELab de: 43.81±0.33 L*, 44.64±0.15 a* y -4.03±0.55 b*. Asimismo al aplicar el pigmento laca carmín en la elaboración de una bala labial se lograron colores uniformes con los siguientes valores promedio en la escala CIELab: 13.25±3.62 L*, 4.80±1.41 a* y -0.23±0.84 b*.

  9. USULAN PERBAIKAN KESELAMATAN KERJA MENGGUNAKAN METODE JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS (JSA DAN FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS (FMEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Levi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available PT Prima Utama Mitra Anda adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang industri pembuatan box karoseri. Proses produksinya banyak menggunakan alat atau mesin yang dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan kerja. Data perusahaan menunjukkan terdapat 73 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2013 dan 107 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2014. Dengan demikian, perlu dilakukan tindakan perbaikan guna menghindari terjadinya kerugian. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode Job Safety Analysis (JSA dengan pendekatan metode Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA. Berdasarkan tahapan JSA, terdapat 86 jenis kecelakaan kerja dan diperoleh 5 pekerjaan kritis untuk dianalisis menggunakan metode FMEA. Setelah dilakukan perhitungan RPN, didapatkan 3 pekerjaan dengan tingkat kecelakaan paling tinggi, yaitu pekerjaan menggunakan mesin saw blade, pekerjaan menggunakan mesin las dan pekerjaan menggunakan mesin bor. Selanjutnya, pekerjaan tersebut diberi rekomendasi perbaikan berupa penyusunan Instruksi Kerja (IK. IK berisi langkah dasar pekerjaan, potensi bahaya, serta tata cara kerja yang benar. Selain menyusun IK, tingkat disiplin kerja juga perlu diperhatikan untuk membuktikan penyebab pasti kecelakaan kerja. Tingkat disiplin kerja dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, yaitu tujuan dan kemampuan, teladan pimpinan, balas jasa, keadilan, pengawasan melekat, sanksi hukuman, ketegasan, dan hubungan kemanusiaan. Selain faktor-faktor tersebut, tingkat disiplin kerja dapat dibentuk melalui 2 cara, yaitu dengan disiplin preventif dan disiplin korektif.

  10. Electron microscopy and diffraction of barium-lanthanum ferrites: Ba/sub x/La/sub 1-x/FeO/sub 3-y/

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parras, M.; Vallet-Regi, M.; Gonzalez-Calbet, J.M.; Alario-Franco, M.; Grenier, J.C.

    1988-05-01

    The system formed by Ba/sub 2/Fe/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and LaFeO/sub 3/ has been studied at the microstructural level. Four different phases, which are metrical multiples of the perovskite cubic cell, appear as a function of the Ba/La ratio. Their microstructure ranges from three-dimensional multitwinning, as in LaFeO/sub 3/, to an apparently stoichiometric line phase of Ba/sub 2/Fe/sub 2/O/sub 5/ composition with parameters a = 23.40(1) A, b = 11.71(1) A, c = 7.05(1) A, and ..beta.. = 98/sup 0/3(1)'. For 0 < x < 0.25, cubic regions appear within a LaFeO/sub 3/ matrix. When x = 0.33, a double perovskite cell is intergrown with a single one. Such a single cubic perovskite is the only phase obtained in the 0.33 < x < 0.66 range.

  11. Los límites de la afinidad entre la concepción Derrideana del lenguaje y la rabínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar Rosàs Tosas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacques Derrida, como otros teóricos contemporáneos, recurre repetidas veces a pensadores y categorías judíos a la hora de formular su concepción del texto y del lenguaje. A veces parece tratarse de una simple analogía; en otras ocasiones lo hace explícitamente. Esto ha dado lugar a distintos intentos de apropiación por parte del judaísmo. Susan Handelman (1982, Geoffrey H. Hartman y Sanford Budick (1986, Beth Sharon Ash (1987, Sanford L. Drob (1997; 2006, Hélène Cixous (2001, Elliot R. Wolfson (2002, Moshe Idel (2003, Bettina Bergo, Joseph Cohen y Raphael Zagury-Orly (2007 —entre otros— se han esforzado en mostrar la semejanza entre la concepción derrideana del lenguaje y la judía; algunos de ellos incluso han llegado afirmar que la primera es un simple exponente moderno de la literatura rabínica y de la Cábala. A nuestro juicio, estos intentos de apropiación son excesivos. Nuestro objetivo es, pues, explorar la analogía entre la concepción derrideana del lenguaje y la que subyace bajo la literatura rabínica y la cabalística para, en última instancia, mostrar la especificidad irreductible de la primera.

  12. LA HUELLA DE LO SAGRADO EN LA POESÍA DE JUAN EDUARDO CIRLOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Aguirre

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Poeta singular e iconoclasta, Juan Eduardo Cirlot (1916-1973 erigió con su poemario Bronwyn uno de los universos imaginarios más vastos, sugerentes y atractivos realizados en castellano a lo largo del siglo dejado atrás. Interesado por el serialismo musical, la cábala, el simbolismo y la práctica totalidad de corrientes artísticas de la antigüedad y modernas, Cirlot tomaría motivos de todos estos ámbitos para hacerlos confluir con sus propias búsquedas espirituales en su última etapa creativa. Tomando como modelo un método crítico de análisis simbólico y estudio de la naturaleza y significado de los elementos (Bachelard, Poulet, Cassirer, etc., trataremos de comprender aquellos aspectos de su obra que nos ofrezcan una pista tanto del sentido último de su creación, como de su punto de partida y el desarrollo de la misma.

  13. Changes in root hydraulic conductivity facilitate the overall hydraulic response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars to salt and osmotic stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Delong; Fricke, Wieland

    2017-04-01

    The aim of the present work was to assess the significance of changes in root AQP gene expression and hydraulic conductivity (Lp) in the regulation of water balance in two hydroponically-grown rice cultivars (Azucena, Bala) which differ in root morphology, stomatal regulation and aquaporin (AQP) isoform expression. Plants were exposed to NaCl (25 mM, 50 mM) and osmotic stress (5%, 10% PEG6000). Root Lp was determined for exuding root systems (osmotic forces driving water uptake; 'exudation Lp') and transpiring plants (hydrostatic forces dominating; 'transpiration-Lp'). Gene expression was analysed by qPCR. Stress treatments caused a consistent and significant decrease in plant growth, transpirational water loss, stomatal conductance, shoot-to-root surface area ratio and root Lp. Comparison of exudation-with transpiration-Lp supported a significant contribution of AQP-facilitated water flow to root water uptake. Changes in root Lp in response to treatments were correlated much stronger with root morphological characteristics, such as the number of main and lateral roots, surface area ratio of root to shoot and plant transpiration rate than with AQP gene expression. Changes in root Lp, involving AQP function, form an integral part of the plant hydraulic response to stress and facilitate changes in the root-to-shoot surface area ratio, transpiration and stomatal conductance. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Cricket Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cricket Club

    2011-01-01

    Rhone CC v CERN CC at Parc de Parilly, Lyon on Sunday 11th September 2011 CERN travelled to Lyon to play our old friends Rhone at their new ground in the pretty and busy Parilly Parc. With no traffic problems CERN were at the ground in good time and even had time for a pre game kick around before skipper Elvin won the toss and decided to bowl. Onions and Chaudhuri opened the bowling and were penalized by some strict wide calling from the Rhone umpires. Onions finally made the breakthrough with the help of a brilliant running catch from the athletic Price. Chaudhuri then picked up 2 more Rhone wickets in a fiery opening spell as CERN took control. Rhone then rallied and Shiva made 50 before S. Ahmed had him trapped LBW. Skipper Elvin then turned to McFayden and the evergreen I. Ahmed to try and wrestle control back and McFayden was unlucky not to have Bala caught behind when the only person who did not think he had edged it was the umpire! Price again took another stunning catch in the deep to give I. Ahmed ...

  15. Biallelic and Genome Wide Association Mapping of Germanium Tolerant Loci in Rice (Oryza sativa L..

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Partha Talukdar

    Full Text Available Rice plants accumulate high concentrations of silicon. Silicon has been shown to be involved in plant growth, high yield, and mitigating biotic and abiotic stresses. However, it has been demonstrated that inorganic arsenic is taken up by rice through silicon transporters under anaerobic conditions, thus the ability to efficiently take up silicon may be considered either a positive or a negative trait in rice. Germanium is an analogue of silicon that produces brown lesions in shoots and leaves, and germanium toxicity has been used to identify mutants in silicon and arsenic transport. In this study, two different genetic mapping methods were performed to determine the loci involved in germanium sensitivity in rice. Genetic mapping in the biparental cross of Bala × Azucena (an F6 population and a genome wide association (GWA study with 350 accessions from the Rice Diversity Panel 1 were conducted using 15 μM of germanic acid. This identified a number of germanium sensitive loci: some co-localised with previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTL for tissue silicon or arsenic concentration, none co-localised with Lsi1 or Lsi6, while one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP was detected within 200 kb of Lsi2 (these are genes known to transport silicon, whose identity was discovered using germanium toxicity. However, examining candidate genes that are within the genomic region of the loci detected above reveals genes homologous to both Lsi1 and Lsi2, as well as a number of other candidate genes, which are discussed.

  16. Dendam Perempuan-Perempuan Yang Tersakiti: Kajian Psikoanalisis Sosial Novel Tempurung Karya Oka Rusmini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dara Windiyarti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap konflik batin tokoh-tokoh perempuan dalam novel Tempurung. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah novel Tempurung karya Oka Rusmini yang diterbitkan tahun 2010. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik kepustakaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori psikoanalisis sosial Karen Horney. Metode yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah metode deskriptif analisis dengan pendekatan psikoanalisis. Pembahasan ini menghasilkan hal-hal berikut. Pertama, adanya hubungan buruk orang tua-anak, dan keadaan budaya dan tradisi telah menciptakan berbagai peristiwa yang mendorong munculnya konflik batin tokoh-tokoh perempuan. Kedua, tindakan-tindakan yang dilakukan tokoh-tokoh perempuan untuk menanggulangi atau me- ngurangi konflik batinnya diekspresikan dalam tindakan balas dendam. Abstract: This paper aims to reveal the inner conflicts of women characters in the novel of Tempurung. The source data of this study is Tempurung, a novel of Oka Rusmini which was issued in 2010. The data was collected by librarian techniques. This study uses the theory of Karen Horney’s social psychoanalysis. The method used in this paper is descriptive analysis method with the approach of psychoanalysis. The discussion results in the following. First, the bad relationship of parent-child and the state of culture and tradition have created a variety of events that encourage the emergence of inner conflicts of the women characters. Second, the actions taken by the women characters to overcome or reduce their inner conflicts expressed in acts of revenge. Key Words: novel; female characters; inner conflict; social psychoanalysis

  17. Consumo alimentar de adolescentes matriculados em um colégio particular de Teresina, Piauí, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO Cecilia Maria Resende Gonçalves de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estudar o consumo alimentar de adolescentes matriculados em um colégio particular de Teresina, realizou-se estudo transversal através de amostragem sistemática. A freqüência de consumo de alimentos expressa em dias por semana foi obtida mediante questionário administrado individualmente ao aluno. O estado nutricional foi avaliado pelo Índice de Massa Corporal, considerando com sobrepeso valores > ou = P85. Os resultados indicam prevalência elevada de risco para o sobrepeso (19,8% nos 334 adolescentes. Os meninos consumiram com maior freqüência alimentos energéticos (milho, manteiga, pizza, lasanha, sucos industrializados, refrigerantes e construtores (frango, ovos, leguminosas em relação às meninas (p < 0,05. Os adolescentes de 10 a 13 anos consumiram com maior freqüência milho, mel, açúcar, rapadura enquanto aqueles com idade entre 17 e 19 anos consumiram mais arroz, bolos, biscoitos, rosca, balas, goma de mascar, refrigerantes, frutas verde-amarelo.

  18. Kabbalah, Symbolism and Metaphysicsin Russian Freemasonry of the XVIII th–XIX th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriy Khalturin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo considera algunas conexiones entre la Cábala y la masonería en Rusia como se refleja en los archivos del Departamento de Manuscritos de la Biblioteca Estatal Rusa (DMS RSL. El vínculo entre ellos se basa en la comprensión tanto de la Cabala yla masonería como la filosofía simbólica y “verdaderamente metafísica”. En el artículo se muestra cómo los masones rusos adoptaron doctrinas cabalísticas de Ein-Soph, Sephiroth, Adam Kadmon y los mezclan con la teoría del neoplatonismo de la emanación, elmisticismo cristiano apofática, la cosmovisión hermética, la alquimia y la sofilogíacristiana. Esta adaptación ecléctica se basa en la interpretación de estos símbolos masónicos como punto en un círculo, columnas Jaquín y Boaz, y la estrella flameante. El simbolismo masónico permitió la combinación de diferentes doctrinas esotéricas en una cosmovisión unificada para hacer símbolos masónicos más atractivos para la “medio educada” nobleza rusa.

  19. Pre-natal counselling and diagnosis in Down's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papp, Z

    1973-01-01

    Today Down's syndrome is recognizable on the basis of its clinical c haracteristics in infants. According to present knowledge, Down's syndr ome can be classified cytogenetically into 4 groups: regular trisomy, translocational trisomy, mosaic forms and double trisomies. Knowledge of the karyotype is used in genetic counselling for further prevention of Down's syndrome in unborn fetuses. Prenatal chromosome analyses, a form of intrauterine diagnosis, has been used in Hungary since 1968. The average incidence of Down's syndrome has been estimated at 1.5:1000 among newborns. The mother's age and genetic deviations are determinant s in whether or not the syndrome will occur. The risk of Down's syndrome increases from 1 per 1000 in mothers under 30 to 10-20 per 1000 in mothers over 45. Since risk increases with the mother's age amniocen tesis should be routinely performed in pregnancies of older mothers. In the case of trisomy verified by intrauterine diagnosis, termination of pregnancy is advised. If population cytogenetic investigations are practiced, the carriers of the balanced translocation will be revealed and within a few years there will be only 3 indications for amniocentesis: 1) in cases of mother's advanced age, 2) in cases of bala nced translocation carrier and 3) in cases of a previously affected chil d disregarding the parental karyotypes. The expected risk of Down's syn drome predictable from available data if higher than 1-5% justifies intr auterine chromosome analysis.

  20. Hábitos e comportamentos alimentares de adolescentes com sintomas de anorexia nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunker Karin Louise Lenz

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados os hábitos e comportamentos alimentares de adolescentes do sexo feminino com sintomas de anorexia nervosa de uma escola particular. Foi identificada a presença de sintomas através do "Teste de Atitudes Alimentares". O recordatório de 24 horas "modificado" foi usado para avaliar os alimentos consumidos e um questionário foi aplicado para investigar as preferências e aversões alimentares. Das 279 alunas estudadas, 21,1% apresentaram sintomas. Os alimentos mais consumidos entre estas estudantes foram frutas, hortaliças, leite desnatado e bala, e os menos consumidos foram refrigerante, chocolate, massa e batata frita. Os alimentos de que "mais gostam" foram, em ordem decrescente: massas, carnes, hortaliças e doces; e os de que "menos gostam" foram: hortaliças, carnes e gorduras. Houve aversão maior por doces nas adolescentes com sintomas de anorexia nervosa. Concluiu-se ter havido um alto número de alunas com sintomas apresentando aversões alimentares semelhantes às de anoréxicas.

  1. Subduction controls on Miocene back-arc lavas from Sierra de Huantraico and La Matancilla, Argentina and new 40Ar/39Ar dating from the Mendoza Region, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhr, Charlotte Thorup; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo J.

    2013-01-01

    Back-arc volcanism in the western Argentinian provinces of Mendoza and Neuquén has been widespread from the Miocene to historic times. We present a detailed investigation of profiles through two of the major Miocene volcanic areas of the region, the neighboring Huantraico and LaMatancilla plateaus......, including new 40Ar/39Ar age results of major and trace elements as well as Nd, Sr and Pb isotopic data. Four million years of eruptions from 24.4 ± 0.3 Ma (2σ) of alkali olivine basalts with OIB-type incompatible trace element enrichments at La Matancilla (~36.50°S) provide evidence for the presence of back......-arc mantle devoid of subduction-related components. In contrast, the lower Huantraico lavas (~37.30°S) require an atypical back-arc mantle, almost devoid of arc-like components (e.g. low La/Ta = 15–18 and Ba/La = 12–18), but with a more depleted isotopic signature (e.g. 87Sr/86Sr, 0.7033–0.7037) than...

  2. El relato histórico-novelesco: Los piratas en Cartagena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soledad Acosta de Samper

    1964-11-01

    Full Text Available CAPITULO IX: EL CASTILLO DE SAN LAZARO Han transcurrido quince días desde aquel en que los ingleses, después de destruir los fuertes que defendían a Boca Chica, habían penetrado en la bahía de Cartagena; y después de reñidísimos combates y grandes pérdidas de vidas, tanto con las balas españolas como con las fiebres; después de tomar los fuertes que se hallaban en Manzanillo y en la punta de Cruz Grande - abandonados por los españoles para hacerse fuertes dentro de los muros de la ciudad de Cartagena-; después de una campaña peligrosísima, en la cual, cada vez que daban un paso adelante, era a costa de enormes sacrificios; después de desembarcar algo más de cuatro mil hombres en el Tejar de Gracia el día 5 de abril, al fin los ingleses tomaron tierra y acamparon en la isla de Manzanillo, y se encontraron en peor predicamento que nunca: cada día, cada hora, ocurría una muerte; y no solo les faltaban abrigo, comodidades y alimentos frescos, sino que escaseaba el agua misma, y el descontento era general.

  3. A genome-wide association study of a global rice panel reveals resistance in Oryza sativa to root-knot nematodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimkpa, Stanley O. N.; Lahari, Zobaida; Shrestha, Roshi; Douglas, Alex; Gheysen, Godelieve; Price, Adam H.

    2016-01-01

    The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola is one of the most serious nematode pests worldwide and represents a major constraint on rice production. While variation in the susceptibility of Asian rice (Oryza sativa) exists, so far no strong and reliable resistance has been reported. Quantitative trait loci for partial resistance have been reported but no underlying genes have been tagged or cloned. Here, 332 accessions of the Rice Diversity Panel 1 were assessed for gall formation, revealing large variation across all subpopulations of rice and higher susceptibility in temperate japonica accessions. Accessions Khao Pahk Maw and LD 24 appeared to be resistant, which was confirmed in large pot experiments where no galls were observed. Detailed observations on these two accessions revealed no nematodes inside the roots 2 days after inoculation and very few females after 17 days (5 in Khao Pahk Maw and 100 in the susceptible controls). These two cultivars appear ideal donors for breeding root-knot nematode resistance. A genome-wide association study revealed 11 quantitative trait loci, two of which are close to epistatic loci detected in the Bala x Azucena population. The discussion highlights a small number of candidate genes worth exploring further, in particular many genes with lectin domains and genes on chromosome 11 with homology to the Hordeum Mla locus. PMID:26552884

  4. Search performance is better predicted by tileability than presence of a unique basic feature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Honghua; Rosenholtz, Ruth

    2016-01-01

    Traditional models of visual search such as feature integration theory (FIT; Treisman & Gelade, 1980), have suggested that a key factor determining task difficulty consists of whether or not the search target contains a “basic feature” not found in the other display items (distractors). Here we discriminate between such traditional models and our recent texture tiling model (TTM) of search (Rosenholtz, Huang, Raj, Balas, & Ilie, 2012b), by designing new experiments that directly pit these models against each other. Doing so is nontrivial, for two reasons. First, the visual representation in TTM is fully specified, and makes clear testable predictions, but its complexity makes getting intuitions difficult. Here we elucidate a rule of thumb for TTM, which enables us to easily design new and interesting search experiments. FIT, on the other hand, is somewhat ill-defined and hard to pin down. To get around this, rather than designing totally new search experiments, we start with five classic experiments that FIT already claims to explain: T among Ls, 2 among 5s, Q among Os, O among Qs, and an orientation/luminance-contrast conjunction search. We find that fairly subtle changes in these search tasks lead to significant changes in performance, in a direction predicted by TTM, providing definitive evidence in favor of the texture tiling model as opposed to traditional views of search. PMID:27548090

  5. Concept of Sukha (comfort) mentioned in Dhatusarata (tissue excellence) w.s.r. to vocational guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waghulade, Hemangini; Harit, Mahesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Agni (digestive fire), Prakruti (constitution), Dhatusarata (tissue excellence), Dosha (bio–energies) are the specialties of Ayurveda on which diagnosis, treatment and research are based. The description of Dhatusarata (tissue excellence) has been given under Dashavidha Pariksha (tenfold examination) in Charak Samhita, Viman Sthana, 8th chapter. Some qualities, which are mentioned in Dhatusarata are difficult to assess, e.g. Sukha, Aishwarya, Upabhoga, Bala, etc., There is a need to develop some quantitative parameters to measure these qualities according to tissue excellence i.e. Dhatusarata. By assessing Dhatu Sarata, one can judge the true strength of a particular Dhatu but only the ability or strength is not enough to get success; the liking or interest is also essential to achieve success. The purpose of this study is to elaborate the concept of Dhatusarata and reveal different aspects of Sukha according to the quality of that particular Dhatu in context of vocational guidance. It will help to establish interrelationship between Dhatusarata and vocational guidance. It will be assessed whether this Sukha quality is merely happiness or having different shades according to the excellence of Dhatus and whether this study is useful in guiding the person to choose appropriate profession, which will be according to his liking and ability. It has been concluded that shades of Sukha quality varies with particular Dhatusaras, which may be helpful in guiding a suitable profession to an individual which will be according to his ability and liking i.e. Sukha for intimate success. PMID:26195895

  6. Ratas, ácaros, guerras, pobreza, negligencia y rickettsiosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco González T.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La historia de las infecciones ha descrito el papel decisivo que jugó el tifus en las guerras. Tal vez el más antiguo y documentado es el sitio de Granada (España por parte de los católicos contra los árabes en el año 1489, donde se cree que murieron alrededor de 17.000 personas por rickettsiosis; seis veces más que el número de muertos en combate (1. Ya en el año de 1812, durante la toma de Moscú por parte de Napoleón y sus tropas, murieron más soldados por causa del tifus que por las balas de los rusos. Cien años más tarde, en la primera guerra mundial, el tifus fue el responsable de la muerte de más de 3 millones de personas de personas (2

  7. Influence of nuclear reactor accident at Chernobyl' on the environmental radioactivity in Toyama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morita, Miyuki; Shoji, Miki; Honda, Takashi; Sakanoue, Masanobu.

    1987-01-01

    The environmental radioactivity caused by the reactor accident at Chernobyl' was investigated from May 7 to May 31 of 1986 in Toyama. Measurement of radioactivities in airborne particles, rain water, drinking water, milk, and mugwort are carried out by gamma-ray spectrometry (pure Ge detector; ORTEC GMX-23195). Ten different nuclides ( 103 Ru, 106 Ru, 131 I, 132 Te-I, 134 Cs, 136 Cs, 137 Cs, 140 Ba-La) are identified from samples of airborne particles. In the air samples, a maximum radioactivity concentration of each nuclide is observed on 13th May 1986. The time of the reactor shut-down and the flux of thermal neutron at the reactor were calculated from 131 I/ 132 I and 137 Cs/ 134 Cs ratio. The exposure dose in Toyama by this accident is given as follows: internal exposure; [thyroid] adult-59 μSv, child-140 μSv, baby-130 μSv, [total body] adult-0.2 μSv, child, baby-0.4 μSv, external exposure; 7 μSv, effective dose equivalent; adult-9 μSv, child-12 Sv, baby-11 μSv. (author)

  8. Pilot-scale recovery of rare earths and scandium from phosphogypsum and uranium leachates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashkovtsev Maxim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ural Federal University (UrFU and VTT have performed joint research on development of industrial technologies for the extraction of REM and Scandium compounds from phosphogypsum and Uranium ISL leachate solutions. Leaching-absorption experiments at UrFU have been supported with multicomponent solution modelling by VTT. The simulations have been performed with VTT’s ChemSheet/Balas program and can be used for speciation calculations in the lixiviant solution. The experimental work combines solvent extraction with advanced ion exchange methodology in a pilot facility capable of treating 5 m3 solution per hour. Currently, the plant produces cerium carbonate, lanthanum oxide, neodymium oxide and concentrate of heavy rare earth metals. A batch of 45 t solids has been processed with the gain of 100 kg’s of REM concentrate. A mini-pilot plant with productivity above 50 liters per hour has been applied to recover scandium oxide and REE concentrates from the uranium ISL solution. As the preliminary product contains radioactivity (mainly strontium, an additional decontamination and cleaning of both concentrates by extraction has rendered a necessity. Finally a purified 99% concentrate of scandium oxide as well as 99% rare earth concentrate are received.

  9. Introduction to watershed ecosystem services: Chapter 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jefferson S.; Stallard, Robert F.; Kirn, Vanessa

    2015-01-01

    Humans derive a great number of goods and services from terrestrial ecosystems (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2003, 2005). Some, like timber, fruits, bush meat, and other forest based food stuffs, are evident but others are not so obvious. Increasingly policy makers have realized the importance of forests and other ecosystems in sequestering carbon, as clearing of once vibrant vegetation or draining of swamps releases carbon dioxide (U.S. DOE, 2012) and where planting trees – particularly in the tropics - takes carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere (Bala et al., 2007). Scientists and conservationists have long called our attention to the value of Neotropical landscapes for biodiversity conservation as forests and other ecosystems harbor vast numbers of species. In recent decades conservationists and policy makers have also highlighted the potential of forests and other ecosystems to regulate stream flows (Ibáñez et al., 2002, Laurance, 2007 but also see Calder et al., 2007) and play a role in assuring clean water (Uriarte et al., 2011). All of these goods and services are part of what is collectively referred to as ecosystem services or goods and services that are provided to humanity through the unimpeded natural function of the ecosystem.

  10. Air radioactivity levels following the Fukushima reactor accident measured at the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loaiza, P; Brudanin, V; Piquemal, F; Reyss, J-L; Stekl, I; Warot, G; Zampaolo, M

    2012-12-01

    The radioactivity levels in the air of the radionuclides released by the Fukushima accident were measured at the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane, in the South-East of France, during the period 25 March-18 April 2011. Air-filters from the ventilation system exposed for one or two days were measured using low-background gamma-ray spectrometry. In this paper we present the activity concentrations obtained for the radionuclides (131)I, (132)Te, (134)Cs, (137)Cs, (95)Nb, (95)Zr, (106)Ru, (140)Ba/La and (103)Ru. The activity concentration of (131)I was of the order of 100 μBq/m(3), more than 100 times higher than the activities of other fission products. The highest activities of (131)I were measured as a first peak on 30 March and a second peak on 3-4 April. The activity concentrations of (134)Cs and (137)Cs varied from 5 to 30 μBq/m(3). The highest activity concentration recorded for Cs corresponded to the same period as for (131)I, with a peak on 2-3 April. The results of the radioactivity concentration levels in grass and mushrooms exposed to the air in the Modane region were also measured. Activity concentrations of (131)I of about 100 mBq/m(2) were found in grass. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Sudden death of goats due to enterotoxaemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Baldassi

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se a ocorrência de morte súbita observada em uma criação de caprinos. A maioria das mortes ocorreu sem qualquer manifestação sintomática prévia; entretanto, em alguns casos observou-se incoordenação motora, eliminação de cíbalas envoltas em fragmentos de mucosa intestinal e diarréia. Nos momentos que antecediam à morte, alguns animais emitiam fortes berros. O isolamento de um bacilo anaeróbio, Gram-positivo e bioquimicamente identificado como Clostridium perfríngens, foi possível a partir de amostras de materiais coletadas em diferentes porções dos intestinos, retículo e também da ração. Nos filtrados obtidos dos conteúdos dos órgãos citados, evidenciou-se a presença, em alta dosagem, de uma toxina termolábil e letal para camundongos. À necrópsia, observaram-se compartimentos gástricos plenos de alimento e hemorragias na mucosa intestinal. Estas constatações, associadas aos resultados laboratoriais, possibilitaram concluir tratar-se de um quadro de enterotoxemia.

  12. A Mathematical Study on “Additive Technique” Versus “Branch and Bound Technique” for Solving Binary Programming Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sufahani, Suliadi; Ghazali Kamardan, M.; Saifullah Rusiman, Mohd; Mohamad, Mahathir; Khalid, Kamil; Ali, Maselan; Khalid, Kamal; Nawawi, MKM; Ahmad, Asmala

    2018-04-01

    A solid body needs adequate supplements from nourishment that we eat each day. Eating pretty much than what our body needs will prompt lack of healthy sustenance (under-nourishment and over-nourishment). In Malaysia, a few reviews have been directed to examine the wholesome status of Malaysians, particularly among youngsters and youths. However there are different methods for taking care of the menu arranging issue and in this paper Binary Programming (BP) is executed. Separately, “Additive Technique (AT)” and “Branch and Bound Technique (BBT)” are utilized as a part of BP. Both methodologies utilize diverse systems and might yield distinctive ideal arrangements. Along these lines, this study expects to build up a scientific model for eating regimen arranging that meets the essential supplement admission and look at the outcomes yield through additive substance and branch and bound methodologies. The information was gathered from different all inclusive schools and furthermore from the Ministry of Education. The model was illuminated by utilizing the Balas Algorithm through AT and Binary Programming through BBT.

  13. Repeatability of apparent diffusion coefficient and intravoxel incoherent motion parameters at 3.0 Tesla in orbital lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lecler, Augustin [Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Department of Radiology, Paris (France); Cardiovascular Research Centre - PARCC, Universite Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, INSERM UMR-S970, Paris (France); Savatovsky, Julien; Sadik, Jean-Claude; Charbonneau, Frederique; Berges, Olivier [Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Department of Radiology, Paris (France); Balvay, Daniel [Cardiovascular Research Centre - PARCC, Universite Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, INSERM UMR-S970, Paris (France); Zmuda, Mathieu; Galatoire, Olivier [Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Department of Orbitopalpebral Surgery, Paris (France); Picard, Herve [Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Clinical Research Unit, Paris (France); Fournier, Laure [Cardiovascular Research Centre - PARCC, Universite Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, INSERM UMR-S970, Paris (France); Universite Paris Descartes Sorbonne Paris Cite, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Radiology Department, Paris (France)

    2017-12-15

    To evaluate repeatability of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameters in the orbit. From December 2015 to March 2016, 22 patients were scanned twice using an IVIM sequence with 15b values (0-2,000 s/mm{sup 2}) at 3.0T. Two readers independently delineated regions of interest in an orbital mass and in different intra-orbital and extra-orbital structures. Short-term test-retest repeatability and inter-observer agreement were assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), the coefficient of variation (CV) and Bland-Altman limits of agreements (BA-LA). Test-retest repeatability of IVIM parameters in the orbital mass was satisfactory for ADC and D (mean CV 12% and 14%, ICC 95% and 93%), poor for f and D*(means CV 43% and 110%, ICC 90% and 65%). Inter-observer repeatability agreement was almost perfect in the orbital mass for all the IVIM parameters (ICC = 95%, 93%, 94% and 90% for ADC, D, f and D*, respectively). IVIM appeared to be a robust tool to measure D in orbital lesions with good repeatability, but this approach showed a poor repeatability of f and D*. (orig.)

  14. Comparative evaluation of effect of use of toothbrush with paste and munident on levels of Streptococcus mutans and gingival health in children: An in vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi N Shetty

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. Materials and Methods: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study. They were divided into two groups containing twenty subjects in each; Group 1 for standard toothpaste and Group 2 for Munident. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth scores were noted from each subject. Group 1 was instructed to brush the teeth using commercially available toothpaste and Group 2 was instructed to brush using commercially available Munident (herbal dentifrice. Both the groups brushed the teeth using soft variety of tooth brush. The gingival bleeding index and salivary Streptococcus mutans count were noted pre- and post-brushimg for both groups. The results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: Munident (herbal dentifrice showed better efficacy in comparison to toothpaste in terms of gingival bleeding index and salivary S. mutans count. Conclusion: Munident (herbal dentifrice has better gingival bleeding index compared to standard formulation of toothpaste. Hence, the practice of using herbal dentifrice should be encouraged.

  15. Concept and canons of fasting in Ayurveda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Shripathi Adiga

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ayurveda, manoeuvres mankind to head a healthy life in order to pursue four-fold bliss. With a view to combat physical and mental annoyances, classics have explicated two-fold therapeutic modalities; langhana/depletion and brihmana/nourishing. Upavasa /fasting is one among ten depletion therapies explained. It is envisioned at all three levels of Ayurvedic therapies- rational/objectively planned, psychological, and spiritual. Fasting is reckoned to be refraining from all forms of food intake for a given period, under supervision of a qualified physician. Acharya Charaka advocates fasting in diseases of milder intensity, in those due to aama (metabolic toxin, after purificatory procedures. Fasting person should avoid beautifying oneself, day sleep, sexual acts, and feasting prior and ulterior to fasting. Fasting is contraindicated in very young, elderly, emaciated, pregnant lady, and shortly after strenuous exercise. The principle avers that fasting kindles metabolic/digestive fire which, in absence of food, brings about paachana of vitiated doshas, thereby riposting health. Sound fasting ensues proper elimination of excretory wastes, clear belch, sweat, and taste for food. Benefits of fasting include lucidity of sense organs, lightness of body and mind, control of diseases, and enthusiasm. Yoga Shastra describes fasting with respect to three levels of food: physical, impressions, and associations and a means to unite three bodies: astral, physical, and causal. Ayurveda thus advocates fasting depending upon the dosha, agni, vaya, kala, and bala of the individual, as a preventive as well as therapeutic modality.

  16. Hábitos de higiene bucal e utilização de serviços odontológicos em escolares de uma cidade da Região Sul do Brasil Oral hygiene habits and use of dental services among teenage students in a city in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Letícia Freddo

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal investigando associação entre hábitos de higiene bucal e utilização dos serviços odontológicos, fatores sócio-demográficos e relacionados ao estilo de vida em amostra representativa de 1.170 escolares de 7ª série do ensino municipal de Gravataí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A associação entre os desfechos e sexo; cor da pele; inserção sócio-econômica; estilo de vida sedentário; uso de álcool e tabaco; e consumo de balas, refrigerantes e chocolates foi investigada com regressão de Cox univariada. Entre os jovens estudados, 77,8% escovavam os dentes > 3 vezes/dia, 31,9% utilizavam fio dental, 68,9% visitavam o dentista anualmente e 50% consultaram por motivo curativo. As meninas apresentaram maior freqüência de escovação do que os meninos. Os jovens com baixa inserção sócio-econômica, os com estilo de vida sedentário e os que experimentaram tabaco apresentaram menor uso diário de fio dental e consultas odontológicas anuais, e mais consultas curativas. O consumo de balas associou-se à menor utilização de serviços odontológicos e o de refrigerantes à maior freqüência de consultas curativas. O estilo de vida saudável associou-se com melhores hábitos de higiene bucal e utilização de serviços odontológicos.This study evaluated oral hygiene habits and use of dental services among teenage students, and analyzed their association with sociodemographic factors and life styles. This cross-sectional study included a representative sample of 1,170 seventh-graders from municipal public schools of Gravataí, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Cox regression model for univariate analysis, modified for cross-sectional studies, was used to analyze the association between variables. Of the adolescents included in the study, 77.8% brushed their teeth three or more times a day, 31.9% flossed daily, 68.9% visited the dentist regularly, and 50% visited the dentist for dental treatment. Tooth brushing was

  17. Características físico-químicas e utilização em alimentos de amidos modificados por tratamento oxidativo Obtention, physicochemical characterization and applications in foods of starches modified by oxidative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Ayumi Shirai

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de amidos modificados em alimentos tem sido uma alternativa para melhorar as características que os amidos nativos não podem conferir. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram: avaliar características físico-químicas de amidos modificados com peróxido de hidrogênio, utilizar os amidos obtidos para a elaboração de doce de leite e bala de goma americana e verificar a aceitação sensorial destes produtos. Para obtenção das amostras modificadas, os amidos foram suspensos em solução de Fe2SO4.7H2O 0,01% e, em seguida, adicionou-se peróxido de hidrogênio 1,25%, ajustou-se o pH para 3,0, deixou-se reagir a 45 °C/15 minutos, lavou-se e secou-se a amostra em estufa de ventilação forçada a 45 °C/24 horas. Os amidos modificados apresentaram maior expansão, conteúdo de carboxilas, poder redutor e susceptibilidade à sinérese. Em relação à viscosidade aparente, verificou-se que com a modificação química houve diminuição no pico de viscosidade, especialmente quando as amostras foram analisadas em pH 7,0. A análise sensorial do doce de leite revelou que houve preferência pelas amostras elaboradas com amido de mandioquinha-salsa modificado e com o amido de milho regular ácido-modificado. A bala de goma produzida com amido de mandioquinha-salsa modificado ocupou o segundo lugar entre a preferência dos julgadores.The use of modified starches in foods is made to improve characteristics that the native cannot confer. The objective of this work was to evaluate physicochemical characteristics of starches from several botanical sources after chemical modification with H2O2 considering technological properties of interest to the food industry. The modified starches were used in dulce de leche and starch gum and the sensorial acceptance of these products was verified. The chemical treatment included the suspension of the native starches in a 0.01% Fe2SO4, followed by addition of 1.25% H2O2 at pH 3.0 and reaction time of 15 min

  18. Evidence from Volatiles and Trace Elements for Continental Mantle in the Source of Gakkel Ridge MORB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, P. J.; Langmuir, C.; Goldstein, S. L.; Graham, D. W.; Ionov, D. A.; Matzen, A. K.

    2006-12-01

    Along Gakkel ridge, the Western Volcanic Zone [WVZ: 8° W 3°E] has several elongate robust volcanic highs with no offsets. A Sparsely Magmatic Zone [SMZ: 3°E -29°E] extends from a sharp boundary at 3°E where the axis abruptly becomes 1000 m deeper and only peridotites are exposed on the axial valley floor for 120 km, and there is sparse volcanism for 250km. The Eastern Volcanic Zone [EVZ: 29°E -85°E] has localized volcanic centers separated by lengthy sections of tectonized seafloor [1]. A remarkable transition in the composition of the Arctic mantle coincides closely with the bathymetric boundary at 3°E. All MORB from the WVZ are enriched in Ba and H2O at a given level of mantle enrichment (i.e., at constant La/Sm) compared to MORB globally and from the EVZ. H2O/Ce and Ba/Nb remain high to the southwest along the WVZ, through Knipovich and Jan Mayen Ridges and possibly south of Iceland [2], suggesting a large, regional anomaly. WVZ and EVZ lavas have distinct isotopic compositions, with the WVZ displaying a "DUPAL-like" signature that is absent in the EVZ [3]. H2O/Ce and Ba/Nb decline to Pacific-like values to the east, but the transition for trace element and volatile ratios is not as sharp as for isotopic ratios: H2O/Ce, Ba/La and Ba/Nb remain somewhat elevated to 25°E along Gakkel Ridge. The WVZ's distinctive composition may arise from incorporation of subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) [3] that was stranded during recent continental breakup in this region [4]. Phlogopite and amphibole that were residual after small extents of melting to make alkali basalts could account for elevated Ba [3]. We show here that this hypothesis is viable by examining ratios of H2O, K2O, Ba, Rb, REE, Cl and F in basalts from Gakkel Ridge and comparing them with amphibole and phlogopite from mantle xenoliths from Spitsbergen [5]. High H2O/K2O ratios in WVZ basalts indicate that amphibole is present in the WVZ source: up to 0.7% modal at 8°W, diminishing to the east

  19. On-line interrogation of pebble bed reactor fuel using passive gamma-ray spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jianwei

    with the relative activities of Cs-134/Co-60 (Co-60 is introduced as a dopant) to yield the burnup and enrichment for each pebble. Furthermore, a direct consequence of the relative approach is the ability to apply a self-calibration scheme using the multiple gamma lines of Ba-La-140 to establish the relative efficiency curve of the HPGe detector. An assessment of the expected uncertainty components in this approach showed that a maximum uncertainty of less than 5% should be feasible. To confirm the above findings, gamma-ray scans were performed on irradiated PULSTAR reactor fuel assemblies at North Carolina Sate University. The measurements used a 40% efficient n-type coaxial HPGe detector connected to an ORTEC DSPEC plus digital Gamma-Ray Spectrometer, and a data acquisition computer. The obtained results showed consistency with the predictions of the simulations including the observation of the I-132, Cs-134, Np-239 uncontaminated gamma lines. In addition, the Ba-La-140 lines were clearly observed confirming the ability to perform relative calibration of the spectrometer.

  20. Early intervention programme for hearing impaired children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanswamy, S

    1992-01-01

    The School for Young Deaf Children was founded in 1969 when the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing at Mysore and the Christian Medical College Hospital at Vellore started diagnosing hearing impairment in children and prescribing hearing aids. These schools admitted children when they were 5 years old. Bala Vidyalaya was funded as an experimental school to satisfy the needs of younger children. A multi sensory approach based on the Montessori method of teaching with special emphasis on language acquisition was adopted. The School that began with 5 children and 2 teachers had 120 children and 15 teachers in 1992: 50 children were under 3 years old and the rest were between 3 and 6 years. Early auditory management and training is the foundation of the child's linguistic achievement which help the child use the innate ability to develop sophisticated listening skills such as listening to one signal in the presence of competing sounds. Simple games captivate the infants. At the age of 2 1/2 years ideovisual reading is introduced to the child: written sentences are presented to the child about an activity that the child had just experienced. Even before 2 years of age he or she starts scribbling. School lessons are used as tools for writing. The school takes efforts to win the confidence of the parents. So far 97 children have joined the mainstream of education after an initial training the school. Of these, 6 are settled in jobs, 5 are in college or in postgraduate studies, 11 are studying at the university, 8 are in the higher secondary school (classes XI or XII)m 28 are studying in high school (class VI to class X), while the remaining 39 are in primary schools. It has been demonstrated that early educational intervention and involvement of the family into the educational program are very important for the successful integration of hearing-impaired children into the main stream.

  1. La aceptación de las TIC por profesorado universitario: Conocimiento, actitud y practicidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Isabel Rivera-Laylle

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la aceptación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC como herramientas de apoyo para la docencia en universidades privadas de Guatemala. La investigación es cuantitativa, de tipo descriptivo y transversal. Se llevó a cabo con docentes que imparten cursos de grado y posgrado en la modalidad escolarizada y que utilizan entornos virtuales de aprendizaje. Se usó un cuestionario con el fin de medir la “aceptación tecnológica” (dimensión a partir de tres subdimensiones: conocimiento, actitud y practicidad. Los datos colectados se analizaron mediante la estadística descriptiva. Los resultados se interpretaron con base en el “Modelo de aceptación tecnológica” (Davis, 1989; Venkatesh y Bala, 2008; Venkatesh, Morris, Davis y Davis, 2003. Se encontró que personal docente está convencido de la utilidad de las TIC debido a la variedad de recursos que proporcionan para desarrollar prácticas escolares ajustadas a las necesidades de formación y a las necesidades derivadas de la sociedad del conocimiento, pero “rara vez” supervisan el uso correcto de estas herramientas en el estudiantado y “nunca” buscan la asesoría de personal experto para reforzar las competencias estudiantiles en el manejo de las tecnologías mencionadas.

  2. Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of the Gurgur Mount volcanic rocks (Northeast Takab

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    Dariush Esmaeily

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Andesitic and andesitic-basaltic lavas are widespread over most of the ground surface of the Gurgur area altered mostly by the hydrothermal solutions. The main rock forming minerals in these rocks are plagioclase, pyroxene and olivine affected by the hydrothermal solutions. The altered rocks do contain minerals including calcite, sericite and chlorite. Given the results obtained and the mineral chemistry studies, the clinopyroxenes formed in the area are, chemically, calkalkaline and of diopside-augite type formed in subvolcanic to near surface levels contemporaneous with magma ascending. Plagioclase minerals show zoning textures and lie within the two andesine and albite-oligoclase fields. These units, in terms of total rock chemistry, are classified as the calk-alkaline volcanic rocks formed in the continental arcs. On the other hand, on the trace elements chondrite-normalized diagrams and enriched mantle-normalized multi- element diagrams, the LREE enrichment relative to the HREE is observed. The LILE (i.e. Rb, K and Th and the LREE (e.g. La, Ce and Nd show an enrichment in comparison to the HFSE (Zr, Hf, Nb, Yb, Y and Sm. Given the Nd/Th (1.42-1.15, Zr/Nb (12.27-21.22, Ba/La (18.64-29.77 as well as LILE enrichment associated with depletion in Nb, Ta and Ti, an environment related to the subduction zones can be proposed for the area under study. Moreover, the similarity between the REE distribution pattern and the incompatible elements point to the genetic relationship between these rocks. Finally, on the base of the obtained data, it can be concluded that the volcanic rocks in the Gurgur Mountain were likely formed during the extended magmatism of the Urumieh-Dokhtar in the Cenozoic.

  3. Pengembangan Bina Damai Dalam Penanganan Tindak Pidana Terorisme Di Indonesia

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    Muhammad - Khamdan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Handling criminal acts of terrorism by the government can be divided into two areas, within Correctional Institution and outside prisons. Legal approach based on Law No. 15 of 2003 on Combating Criminal Acts of Terrorism has not been optimally reduce the potential for violence of terrorism, since countermeasures tend to only show the use of weapons only. Successful handling of terrorism characterized by inmates terrorism cooperation with the government to inform the network of terrorism. Bina Damai development is applied to terrorists can reduce resistance and revenge, for promoting the process of dialogue rather than armed military action. Peaceful approach influenced legal and cultural communication strategy with the clarity of program coordination of the parties that have the authority handling criminal acts of terrorism. Abstrak: Penanganan tindak pidana terorisme yang dilakukan pemerintah dapat dibedakan atas dua bidang, di dalam Lembaga Pemasyarakatan dan di luar Lembaga pemasyarakatan. Pendekatan hukum yang berdasarkan UU Nomor 15 tahun 2003 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Terorisme belum secara optimal mengurangi potensi kekerasan atas tindak terorisme karena cenderung mempertontonkan penggunaan senjata. Beberapa keberhasilan penanganan tindak pidana terorisme ditandai adanya kerjasama narapidana terorisme dengan pemerintah untuk memberi informasi jaringan terorisme sekaligus pengakuan terhadap Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI berdasarkan Pancasila. Pengembangan bina damai yang diterapkan pada teroris dapat menggurangi perlawanan dan balas dendam karena mengedepankan proses dialog daripada aksi militer bersenjata. Bina damai merupakan transisi dari proses rekonsiliasi menuju tahap konsolidasi untuk terbangunnya perdamaian yang permanen. Pendekatan damai dipengaruhi strategi komunikasi hukum dan budaya disertai kejelasan program koordinasi dari pihak-pihak yang memiliki kewenangan penanganan tindak pidana terorisme

  4. Fatores associados a sintomas de transtornos alimentares entre escolares da rede pública da cidade do Salvador, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaisy Cristina Honorato Santos Alves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar prevalência e fatores associados aos sintomas de transtornos alimentares entre escolares. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal envolvendo 365 escolares, de 7 a 14 anos de idade, do ensino fundamental de Salvador/BA. Aplicou-se nos escolares 13 anos de idade, o Teste de Atitudes Alimentares-26, o Teste de Investigação Bulímica de Edinburgh e o Teste de Imagem Corporal. O Child Behavior Checklist foi aplicado para todos os escolares. Coletaram-se dados antropométricos e alimentares, sobre estilo de vida, demográficos, socioeconômicos e puberais. Na análise estatística utilizou-se regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: Sintomas de transtornos alimentares estavam presentes em 23% dos escolares. Idade (RP: 1,25; IC95%: 1,11-1,40, insatisfação com imagem corporal (RP: 4,23; IC95%: 2,53-7,08, problema de comportamento de internalização (RP: 1,78; IC95%: 1,11-2,85, substituição das refeições por consumo de balas (RP: 2,14; IC95%: 1,24-3,69, maior consumo de frutas e outros vegetais (RP: 2,49; IC95%: 1,55-3,99 e escolaridade materna de 5ª a 8ª série (RP: 1,95; IC95%: 1,06-3,58 associaram-se ao aumento da ocorrência dos sintomas de transtornos alimentares. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se alta prevalência de sintomas de transtornos alimentares entre os escolares; fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais estavam associados ao evento.

  5. Pengelolaan Tenaga Kerja Difabel untuk Mewujudkan Workplace Inclusion

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    Sari Dewi Poerwanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this study is the management of workers with disabilities as efforts to achieve an inclusive workplace in PT. Trans Retail Indonesia. The study also elaborates supporting and inhibiting factors in the implementation of labor management. This is a qualitative research that collects the data using literary studies, observation and in-depth interview. The result shows that the management is started from knowledge level of the company about workers with disabilities, selection process, development, compensation and maintaining the employs. In addition, they identify key factors of managing different ability such as stakesholders, associate support, mentoring and counseling for workers with disabilities. The obstacles of managing workers with disabilities include professionalism, communication, and productivity that lead to an attempt of firing. Overall, PT. Trans Retail Indonesia can be classified as one with ability to develop diversity management in order to organize a workplace inclusion. [Penelitian ini membahas pengelolaan tenaga kerja difabel (diversity management di PT. Trans Retail Indonesia serta faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam pelaksanaan pengelolaan tenaga kerja penyandang disabilitas yang diterapkan oleh perusahaan dalam mewujudkan tempat kerja yang inklusif. Ini adalah penelitian kualitatif yang mengumpulkan data dari literatur, wawancara, dan observasi. Analisis dimulai dari pemahaman perusahaan mengenai tenaga kerja difabel, pengadaan tenaga kerja, pembinaan tenaga kerja, pemberian balas-jasa dan pemeliharaan tenaga kerja. Penelitian menemukan faktor pendukung pengelolaan tenaga kerja berupa kerjasama stakesholders, dukungan rekan kerja, pendampingan serta konseling bagi karyawan difabel. Sedangkan faktor penghambatnya adalah komunikasi, dukungan sejawat, tenaga profesional dan produktivitas kerja karyawan difabel yang mengancam keberlanjutan kerja mereka. Meskipun demikian, PT. Trans Retail Indonesia dapat dianggap

  6. Geochemical differences between along-arc and across-arc volcanics in west-central Nicaragua

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geilert, Sonja; Freundt, Armin; Wörner, Gerhard; Kutterolf, Steffen

    2012-04-01

    The La Paz Centro - Malpaisillo Lineament (LPML) in west-central Nicaragua is a north-south striking, 20 km long chain of maars and cinder cones, which intersects the northwest-southeast striking main volcanic front. A tectonic control of LPML volcanism is likely but only evident for the Malpaisillo fissure at the northern end of the LPML. Previous work demonstrated geochemical variations implying changes in mantle-source composition (i.e., added slab components) along the Central American Volcanic Arc at spatial scales of some 10's of kilometers. Our study of the LPML shows that minor but systematic changes also occur across the arc within 20 km distance. Variations in trace element ratios such as Zr/Nb, Ba/Th, Ba/La, Th/Zr, U/La and La/Yb along the LPML, i.e. across the volcanic front indicate little change in the degree of partial melting but an increase particularly in the hemipelagic sediment component in the mantle source from the fore arc towards the arc front, followed by a decrease behind the arc. Interestingly, the slab component is most prominent just in front of the arc. About 60 km southeast of the LPML, the Nejapa-Miraflores volcanic and tectonic lineament, which marks a 20 km north-south offset in the arc, differs substantially from the LPML. There is a wide scatter in incompatible trace element ratios indicating a heterogeneous mantle source at small spatial scales (c. 1 km). This mantle heterogeneity may represent vertical rather than across-arc variations and is probably related to the arc offset, because in the absence of such offset at the LPML mantle source conditions vary much less but more systematically.

  7. The intra-oceanic Cretaceous (~ 108 Ma) Kata-Rash arc fragment in the Kurdistan segment of Iraqi Zagros suture zone: Implications for Neotethys evolution and closure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Sarmad A.; Ismail, Sabah A.; Nutman, Allen P.; Bennett, Vickie C.; Jones, Brian G.; Buckman, Solomon

    2016-09-01

    The Kata-Rash arc fragment is an allochthonous thrust-bound body situated near Penjween, 100 km northeast of Sulymannia city, Kurdistan Region, within the Iraqi portion of the Zagros suture zone. It forms part of the suprasubduction zone 'Upper Allochthon' terranes (designated as the Gimo-Qandil Group), which is dominated by calc-alkaline andesite and basaltic-andesite, rhyodacite to rhyolite, crosscut by granitic, granodioritic, and dioritic dykes. Previously, rocks of the Kata-Rash arc fragment were interpreted as a part of the Eocene Walash volcanic group. However, SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dates on them of 108.1 ± 2.9 Ma (Harbar volcanic rocks) and 107.7 ± 1.9 Ma (Aulan intrusion) indicate an Albian-Cenomanian age, which is interpreted as the time of igneous crystallisation. The Aulan intrusion zircons have initial εHf values of + 8.6 ± 0.2. On a Nb/Yb-Th/Yb diagram, all Kata-Rash samples fall within the compositional field of arc-related rocks, i.e. above the mid-ocean-ridge basalt (MORB)-ocean island basalt (OIB) mantle array. Primitive-mantle-normalised trace-element patterns for the Kata-Rash samples show enrichment in the large ion lithophile elements and depletion in the high-field-strength elements supporting their subduction-related character. Low Ba/La coupled with low La/Yb and Hf/Hf* 3000 km continuity of Cretaceous arc activity (Oman to Cyprus), that consumed Neotethyian oceanic crust between Eurasia and the Gondwanan fragment Arabia.

  8. The Late Paleozoic magmatic evolution of the Aqishan-Yamansu belt, Eastern Tianshan: Constraints from geochronology, geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopes of igneous rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Liandang; Chen, Huayong; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Weifeng; Yang, Juntao; Yan, Xuelu

    2018-03-01

    The Aqishan-Yamansu belt in the Eastern Tianshan (Xinjiang, NW China) is an important mineralization belt. The belt mainly comprises Carboniferous volcanic, volcaniclastic and clastic rocks, and hosts many intermediate-felsic intrusions and Fe (-Cu) deposits. The biotite diorite, felsic brecciated tuff, granodiorite and syenite from the western Aqishan-Yamansu belt are newly zircon U-Pb dated to be 316.7 ± 1.4 Ma, 315.6 ± 2.6 Ma, 305.8 ± 1.9 Ma and 252.5 ± 1.4 Ma, respectively. The mafic rocks (mafic brecciated tuff and diabase porphyry) are tholeiitic to calc-alkaline series, LILE-rich (e.g., Rb, Ba and Pb), HFSE-depleted (e.g., Nb and Ta), and have high Mg#(44-60), Nb/Ta (15.0-20.0), Ba/La (>30) and Ba/Nb (>57) values/ratios, and low Th/Yb ratios (2.10) and positive εNd(t) (>5.7), combined with variable Nb/Ta ratios (9.52-21.4), Y/Nb ratios (1.47-39.7) and Pb isotopes (206Pb/204Pb = 16.225-17.640, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.454-15.520, 208Pb/204Pb = 37.097-38.025) suggest that these rocks were magma mixing products between juvenile crustal-derived magmas and minor mantle-derived magmas. Combined published works with our new ages, geochemical and isotopic data, we propose that the Aqishan-Yamansu belt was an Early Carboniferous fore-arc basin during the southward subduction of the Kangguer oceanic slab beneath the Yili-Central Tianshan block. With the continuing southward subduction, the Aqishan-Yamansu fore-arc basin initiated to close, which generated the mafic and intensive intermediate-felsic magmatism associated with regional Fe (-Cu) mineralization.

  9. Origin of the {sup 238}U-{sup 230}Th disequilibrium in magmas from subduction zones: the Arenal example; Origine du desequilibre {sup 238}U-{sup 230}TH dans les magmas des zones de subduction: exemple de l`Arenal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villemant, B. [Paris-6 Univ., 75 (France)

    1996-12-31

    The existence in some volcanic products of strong excess of {sup 238}U with respect to {sup 230}Th is one of the characteristics of volcanic arc magmas. These excesses are generally attributed to fluid additions inside mantellic sources before magma segregation, differentiation and eruption. These fluids should be linked to the dehydration of the subducted rocks. These hypotheses are essentially based on correlations between {sup 10}Be, {sup 87}Sr anomalies, Ba/La ratios and on the distribution of volcanic centers with respect to the subduction zone. Recent studies suggest an evolution of the composition of volcanic sources in Central America from a depleted mantle type (MORB) in the North (Nicaragua) to a less transformed enriched type (OIB) in the South (Costa Rica). The Arenal volcano belongs to a transition zone between these two types. The preliminary study of trace elements and {sup 238}U-{sup 230}Th disequilibria in recent volcanic products (1968-1993) indicates a more complex situation. At least two different mantle sources were successively involved characterized by different Th/La and La/Yb ratios and very different to the OIB type. Also most lavas are in equilibrium with {sup 238}U/{sup 232}Th ratios of about 1.2 to 1.3. However, in eruptive cycle, some lavas are characterized by a strong {sup 238}U excess with respect to {sup 230}Th with cannot be linked to the sources, even when modified by fluids in depth. These results are interpreted in terms of heterogeneities of mantle sources and low depths late interactions with hydrothermal fluids during eruptions. Abstract only. (J.S.). 2 refs.

  10. Amplitude inversion of the 2D analytic signal of magnetic anomalies through the differential evolution algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekinci, Yunus Levent; Özyalın, Şenol; Sındırgı, Petek; Balkaya, Çağlayan; Göktürkler, Gökhan

    2017-12-01

    In this work, analytic signal amplitude (ASA) inversion of total field magnetic anomalies has been achieved by differential evolution (DE) which is a population-based evolutionary metaheuristic algorithm. Using an elitist strategy, the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed inversion algorithm have been evaluated through the anomalies due to both hypothetical model bodies and real isolated geological structures. Some parameter tuning studies relying mainly on choosing the optimum control parameters of the algorithm have also been performed to enhance the performance of the proposed metaheuristic. Since ASAs of magnetic anomalies are independent of both ambient field direction and the direction of magnetization of the causative sources in a two-dimensional (2D) case, inversions of synthetic noise-free and noisy single model anomalies have produced satisfactory solutions showing the practical applicability of the algorithm. Moreover, hypothetical studies using multiple model bodies have clearly showed that the DE algorithm is able to cope with complicated anomalies and some interferences from neighbouring sources. The proposed algorithm has then been used to invert small- (120 m) and large-scale (40 km) magnetic profile anomalies of an iron deposit (Kesikköprü-Bala, Turkey) and a deep-seated magnetized structure (Sea of Marmara, Turkey), respectively to determine depths, geometries and exact origins of the source bodies. Inversion studies have yielded geologically reasonable solutions which are also in good accordance with the results of normalized full gradient and Euler deconvolution techniques. Thus, we propose the use of DE not only for the amplitude inversion of 2D analytical signals of magnetic profile anomalies having induced or remanent magnetization effects but also the low-dimensional data inversions in geophysics. A part of this paper was presented as an abstract at the 2nd International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering, 8

  11. Qualidade da dieta de pré-escolares de 2 a 5 anos residentes na área urbana da cidade de Pelotas, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharine Konrad Leal

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoObjetivo:Avaliar a qualidade da dieta de pré-escolares residentes na área urbana da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.Métodos:A qualidade da dieta foi avaliada de acordo com o Índice de Alimentação Saudável (IAS, adaptado para o Brasil. O consumo alimentar foi medido por meio de Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. O escore do índice foi obtido por uma pontuação distribuída em 13 grupos alimentares, que caracterizam diferentes aspectos de uma dieta saudável, variação de 0 a 100 pontos. Quanto mais próximo de 100, melhor será a qualidade da dieta.Resultados:A qualidade da dieta foi avaliada em 556 pré-escolares. O valor médio do escore do IAS foi de 74,4 pontos. Isso indica que as dietas necessitam ser melhoradas. As médias dos escores foram significativamente maiores entre as meninas e entre crianças provenientes de famílias com renda familiar entre um e menos de três salários mínimos mensais.Conclusões:As crianças apresentaram consumo de verduras e legumes abaixo da recomendação, enquanto os alimentos do grupo dos óleos e gorduras, bem como do grupo dos açúcares, balas, chocolates e salgadinhos, foram consumidos em excesso. É importante reforçar orientações para promover um hábito alimentar mais saudável, que poderá perdurar em etapas posteriores da vida

  12. Genomics in development of radiation countermeasure from Hippophae rhamnoides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madhu Bala

    2013-01-01

    Development of an effective and non-toxic radiation countermeasure has been a global challenge, till date. On one hand single molecules have failed due to unacceptable toxicity and on the other hand herbal drugs, though non-toxic, are generally neglected because of issues such as incomplete understanding on mechanisms of actions, efficacy and quality control. In the conventional drug discovery process, a single active constituent is isolated, purified, and standardized, but herbal drugs have complex composition and multiple targeted actions. The assessment of efficacy and toxicity of herbal drugs is, therefore, not as straight forward as in case of single active compound. The completion of genome projects of human, mouse and many other simpler experimental models has opened multiple newer avenues for evaluating the metabolism, safety and efficacy of herbal drugs. The radioprotective properties of leaves of Hippophae rhamnoides L. (common name Seabuckthorn, family Eleagnaceae) were reported (Bala et al., 2009, J Herbs and Med Plants). Administration of SBL-1 (a coded herbal preparation from Seabuckthorn leaves), before whole body exposure to lethal dose of 60 Co-gamma-rays (10 Gy), rendered >90% survivors in mice population, while 100% mortality was observed in non-SBL-1 treated, 60 Co-gamma- irradiated (10 Gy) controls. Though, plant H. rhamnoides is popular for its medicinal and neutraceutical values and finds place is in many traditional medicinal systems world over, its prophylactic use as a radiation countermeasure is novel and needed thorough evaluation. To gain in depth understanding on metabolism and safety of SBL-1, the experimental animals were treated with radioprotective concentration of SBL-1. The genome evaluation was performed at different time intervals after the treatment. This talk highlights some of the prominent molecular pathways and genes affected by SBL-1 treatment in experimental animals. Our study suggested that application of genomics

  13. Genesis of post-collisional calc-alkaline and alkaline granitoids in Qiman Tagh, East Kunlun, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Miao; Feng, Chengyou; Zhao, Yiming; Li, Daxin

    2015-12-01

    The post-collisional magmatism of Qiman Tagh is characterized by the intrusion of voluminous intermediate to felsic granitoids, including syenogranite, monzogranite, granodiorite, tonalite and diorite. The granitoids can be divided into two magmatic suites: Calc-alkaline (CA) and alkaline (Alk), which were emplaced from ~ 236 Ma to ~ 204 Ma. The CA suite contains metaluminous granodiorites and monzogranites. Typical Qiman Tagh CA granodiorites show moderately fractionated REE patterns ((La/Yb)N = 4.35-25.11) with significant negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.54-1.34), and the primitive mantle-normalized spidergrams show strong depletion of Nb and Sr. The Qiman Tagh CA monzogranites show similar fractionated REE patterns ((La/Yb)N = 2.70-13.5) with less prominent negative Eu anomalies, and the chondrite-normalized spidergrams show strongly depleted Ba, Nb and Sr. The Alk suite, including syenogranite, is highly potassic (K2O/Na2O = 1.09-3.56) and peraluminous (A/CNK = 0.91-1.06). Compared to typical Qiman Tagh CA granodiorites, the Qiman Tagh Alk granitoids can be distinguished by their higher Rb, Nb, Ga/Al, FeO*/MgO, Y/Sr and Rb/Sr, as well as their lower Mg#, MgO, CaO, Al2O3, Sr, Co, V, Eu/Eu*, Ba/Nb, La/Nb, Ba/La and Ce/Nb. The Qiman Tagh CA rocks were most likely to be derived from the partial melting of garnet-amphibolite-facies rocks in the lower crust, leaving behind anhydrous granulite-facies rocks with plagioclase and garnet in the residue. The Alk rocks may have formed by the continued partial melting of granulite-facies rocks at elevated temperatures (> 830 °C).

  14. Una nueva pieza de artilleria de galeras del siglo XVI: el esmeril bastardo «matacapitanes»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fondevila Silva, Pedro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is aimed at the analysis of an unknown piece of maritime artillery dated at the second half of the XVIth century. This piece, out of any inventory record, was located within one of the Archive-Museum chambers in the Don Álvaro Bazán Palace at El Viso del Marqués, Ciudad Real province, central Spain. The specimen is a bastard esmeril here so-called «matacapitanes» («killer of captains» because it seems precisely designed to be used against the bullet-proof armour of enemy officers. By means of manuscripts and impressed documents, an approach and discussion on the typology and classification of the XVIth century´s maritime artillery is also presented.

    Trabajo de investigación que presenta y analiza una pieza desconocida de artillería naval de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI, localizada sin inventariar en una de las salas del Archivo-Museo «Don Álvaro de Bazán» del Palacio de El Viso del Marqués en Ciudad Real (España. Se trata de un esmeril bastardo que hemos bautizado como «matacapitanes », por ser un modelo diseñado para optimizar su empleo contra los oficiales enemigos protegidos con armaduras a prueba de balas de arcabuz. Además, se realiza una aproximación al estudio de la tipología y clasificación de la artillería naval del siglo XVI a través de los documentos, tanto manuscritos como impresos, de esa época.

  15. Analysis of Landslides Triggered by October 2005, Kashmir Earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Irfan; Qureshi, Shahid Nadeem; Tariq, Shahina; Atique, Luqman; Iqbal, Muhammad Farooq

    2015-08-26

    The October 2005, Kashmir earthquake main event was triggered along the Balakot-Bagh Fault which runs from Bagh to Balakot, and caused more damages in and around these areas. Major landslides were activated during and after the earthquake inflicting large damages in the area, both in terms of infrastructure and casualties. These landslides were mainly attributed to the minimum threshold of the earthquake, geology of the area, climatologic and geomorphologic conditions, mudflows, widening of the roads without stability assessment, and heavy rainfall after the earthquake. These landslides were mainly rock and debris falls. Hattian Bala rock avalanche was largest landslide associated with the earthquake which completely destroyed a village and blocked the valley creating a lake. The present study shows that the fault rupture and fault geometry have direct influence on the distribution of landslides and that along the rupture zone a high frequency band of landslides was triggered. There was an increase in number of landslides due to 2005 earthquake and its aftershocks and that most of earthquakes have occurred along faults, rivers and roads. It is observed that the stability of landslide mass is greatly influenced by amplitude, frequency and duration of earthquake induced ground motion. Most of the slope failures along the roads resulted from the alteration of these slopes during widening of the roads, and seepages during the rainy season immediately after the earthquake.  Landslides occurred mostly along weakly cemented and indurated rocks, colluvial sand and cemented soils. It is also worth noting that fissures and ground crack which were induced by main and after shock are still present and they pose a major potential threat for future landslides in case of another earthquake activity or under extreme weather conditions.

  16. Ash addition after whole-tree harvesting on fertile sites in southern Sweden Establishment of two field trials; Askaaterfoering efter skogsbraensleuttag paa boerdig skogsmark i soedra Sverige Anlaeggning av tvaa faeltfoersoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Hoegbom, Lars; Jacobson, Staffan; Lundstroem, Hagos; Ring, Eva

    2012-02-15

    In Sweden, the Swedish Forest Agency recommend ash recycling after whole-tree harvest (WTH), i.e. the whole tree above the stump is harvested. If this recommendation is complied, ash recycling will become a quite extensive forestry practice. To gain more knowledge regarding effects of ash on tree growth, storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in the upper soil, and soil-water chemistry, two field experiments were established. The experimental design was a randomized block design. Both experiments were installed on quite fertile sites in southern Sweden. On fertile sites (C/N less than 30), ash addition is hypothesized to increase tree growth, reduce the storage of C and N in the upper soil, and increase the concentrations of nitrate in soil water. One experiment (291 Guvarp) was established on a recently harvested clear cut. The sample plots were soil scarified by disc trenching and planted with Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) seedlings. Seedling height was measured at planting, and, two months later, seedling survival and height growth in 2011 was recorded. The other experiment (290 Bala) was located to a Norway spruce stand that was thinned by WTH. The initial registration and sampling comprised stand data and sampling of the upper soil (FH-layer). In addition, suction cups were installed at 50 cm depth for sampling of soil water. The experiments were designed for long-term monitoring, comprising several decades. For most of the variables registered, data did not show any significant differences among means for the plots representing different treatments. Pre-treatment data for individual plots showed acceptable comparability among plots within the blocks, which is a good starting point for detecting future changes caused by the treatments

  17. Ayurvedic approach in the management of spinocerebellar ataxia-2

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    Sarvesh Kumar Singh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinocerebellar ataxia -2 is a progressive, degenerative genetic disease caused by an expanded (CAG trinucleotide repetition on the chromosome 12 resulting in production of an abnormal protein called ataxin-2. There is no known effective management or cure in biomedicine for this genetic disease. In the present study a case of SCA2 that was treated with Ayurvedic intervention is reported. Ayurvedic treatments in this case were directed towards alleviating symptoms and to reduce severe disability due to progressive nature of disease. A 42 year old male patient was diagnosed for Vāta vyādhi (group of various neurological disorders and was- treated with Śālisastika pinda svedana (sudation with bolus of medicated cooked rice for 30 days-, Śirobasti(sudation of head with the help of a cap on head with Aśvagandhā taila for 45 days and Balaādi ksiāra basti (enema with medicated milk with Aśvagandhā taila anuvaāsana(enema with oil for 30 days in Karma basti krama(30 days regime of purification and oleation enema along with a combination of Ayurvedic oral drugs which consisted of Brahadvaātacintaāmanirasa – 125 mg, Vasantaāmaltiā rasa- 125 mg, Daśamūla kvātha- 40 ml, Aśvagandhā cūrṃa(powder of Withania somnifera DUNAL- 3g, Amrtaā cūrṃa (powder of Tinospora cordifolia Willd.- 500 mg, Muktāśukti pisti – 500 mg, Yogaraāja Guggulu – 500 mg twice a day for 2 months. Patient's condition was assessed on the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA. Before treatment, mean SARA score was 35. This reduced to 15 after treatment. Good relief in dysarthria, fasciculation, heaviness in eye, blurred vision, axial tremor; constipation and quality of life were observed in this case.

  18. Magmas with slab fluid and decompression melting signatures coexisting in the Gulf of Fonseca: Evidence from Isla El Tigre volcano (Honduras, Central America)

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    Mattioli, Michele; Renzulli, Alberto; Agostini, Samuele; Lucidi, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    Isla El Tigre volcano is located in the Gulf of Fonseca (Honduras) along the Central America volcanic front, where a significant change in the strike of the volcanic chain is observed. The studied samples of this poorly investigated volcano are mainly subalkaline basic to intermediate lavas (basalts and basaltic andesites) and subordinate subalkaline/alkaline transitional basalts, both having the typical mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of arc volcanic rocks. On the basis of petrographic and geochemical features, two groups of rocks have been distinguished. Lavas from the main volcanic edifice are highly porphyritic and hy-qz normative, and have lower MgO contents ( 5 wt.%), are ol-hy normative and show lower HFSE depletions relative to LILE and LREE, with lower Ba/La, Ba/Nb and Zr/Nb ratios. This suggests that mantle-derived magmas were not produced by the same process throughout the activity of the volcano. The bulk rock geochemistry and 87Sr/86Sr (0.70373-0.70382), 143Nd/144Nd (0.51298-0.51301), 206Pb/204Pb (18.55-18.58), 207Pb/204Pb (15.54-15.56) and 208Pb/204Pb (38.23-38.26) isotopic data of Isla El Tigre compared with the other volcanoes of the Gulf of Fonseca and all available literature data for Central America suggests that this stratovolcano was mainly built by mantle-derived melts driven by slab-derived fluid-flux melting, while magmas erupted through its parasitic cones have a clear signature of decompression melting with minor slab contribution. The coexistence of these two different mantle melting generation processes is likely related to the complex geodynamic setting of the Gulf of Fonseca, where the volcanic front changes direction by ca. 30° and two fundamental tectonic structures of the Chortis continental block, mainly the N-S Honduras Depression and the NE-SW Guayape Fault Zone, cross each other.

  19. Magmatic and Seismic Evidence for the Neogene Evolution of the Subducting Slab and Crustal and Mantle Lithosphere under the Central Andes

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    Kay, S. M.; Sandvol, E. A.

    2017-12-01

    Geophysical models coupled with the distribution, chemistry and age of magmatic rocks provide powerful tools for reconstructing the thermal and material balance and deformational history of the Central Andean crust and lithosphere in time and space. Two examples are given. In the first, a model for changing slab geometry, delamination (foundering) of the crust and mantle and forearc subduction erosion beneath the southern Puna plateau comes from studies of Miocene to Recent magmatic rocks linked with seismic studies. The distribution and chemistry (e.g., Sm/Yb, La/Ta, Ba/La, isotopes) of the volcanic rocks support an 18-7 Ma period of slab shallowing, followed by slab steepening and forearc subduction erosion linked with backarc crustal and lithospheric delamination and eruption of large ignimbrites. Support for delamination comes from seismic attenuation and Vs tomographic images that reveal an 100 km wide high velocity anomaly associated with an irregular shear wave splitting pattern, which is interpreted as a delaminated block above a nearly aseismic segment of the subducting slab at a depth of 150-200 km (Calixto et al., 2013, 2014; Liang et al. 2014). This block underlies the 1350°C at 2 Gpa followed by fractionation and mixing with melts of garnet-pyroxene-amphibole bearing crust (Risse et al., 2013). In accord, the lavas are over a region where receiver functions indicate a lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary at 60-80 km and a regionally thin 45-55 km thick crust with a low Vp/Vs (< 1.70) ratio (Heit et al., 2014). Calculations of crustal loss and gain allow up to 10% of the southern Puna lower crust to have been lost in the last 10 Ma. A second region where the characteristics of the magmatic rocks provide clues to the timing of slab shallowing and proposed slab tears (e.g., Lynner et al, 2017) is over and on the margins of the Chilean flat-slab). In this case, shallowing of the slab as the trench normal portion of the Juan Fernandez Ridge began to subduct

  20. Novel N-substituted aminobenzamide scaffold derivatives targeting the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV enzyme

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    Al-Balas QA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Qosay A Al-Balas,1 Munia F Sowaileh,1 Mohammad A Hassan,1 Amjad M Qandil,1,2 Karem H Alzoubi,3 Nizar M Mhaidat,3 Ammar M Almaaytah,4 Omar F Khabour51Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, College of Pharmacy, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 4Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 5Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, JordanBackground: The dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV enzyme is considered a pivotal target for controlling normal blood sugar levels in the body. Incretins secreted in response to ingestion of meals enhance insulin release to the blood, and DPP-IV inactivates these incretins within a short period and stops their action. Inhibition of this enzyme escalates the action of incretins and induces more insulin to achieve better glucose control in diabetic patients. Thus, inhibition of this enzyme will lead to better control of blood sugar levels.Methods: In this study, computer-aided drug design was used to help establish a novel N-substituted aminobenzamide scaffold as a potential inhibitor of DPP-IV. CDOCKER software available from Discovery Studio 3.5 was used to evaluate a series of designed compounds and assess their mode of binding to the active site of the DPP-IV enzyme. The designed compounds were synthesized and tested against a DPP-IV enzyme kit provided by Enzo Life Sciences. The synthesized compounds were characterized using proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and determination of melting point.Results: Sixty

  1. Bromine release during Plinian eruptions along the Central American Volcanic Arc

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    Hansteen, T. H.; Kutterolf, S.; Appel, K.; Freundt, A.; Perez-Fernandez, W.; Wehrmann, H.

    2010-12-01

    Volcanoes of the Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA) have produced at least 72 highly explosive eruptions within the last 200 ka. The eruption columns of all these “Plinian” eruptions reached well into the stratosphere such that their released volatiles may have influenced atmospheric chemistry and climate. While previous research has focussed on the sulfur and chlorine emissions during such large eruptions, we here present measurements of the heavy halogen bromine by means of synchrotron radiation induced micro-XRF microanalysis (SR-XRF) with typical detection limits at 0.3 ppm (in Fe rich standard basalt ML3B glass). Spot analyses of pre-eruptive glass inclusions trapped in minerals formed in magma reservoirs were compared with those in matrix glasses of the tephras, which represent the post-eruptive, degassed concentrations. The concentration difference between inclusions and matrix glasses, multiplied by erupted magma mass determined by extensive field mapping, yields estimates of the degassed mass of bromine. Br is probably hundreds of times more effective in destroying ozone than Cl, and can accumulate in the stratosphere over significant time scales. Melt inclusions representing deposits of 22 large eruptions along the CAVA have Br contents between 0.5 and 13 ppm. Br concentrations in matrix glasses are nearly constant at 0.4 to 1.5 ppm. However, Br concentrations and Cl/Br ratios vary along the CAVA. The highest values of Br contents (>8 ppm) and lowest Cl/Br ratios (170 to 600) in melt inclusions occur across central Nicaragua and southern El Salvador, and correlate with bulk-rock compositions of high Ba/La > 85 as well as low La/Yb discharged 700 kilotons of Br. On average, each of the remaining 21 CAVA eruptions studied have discharged c.100 kilotons of bromine. During the past 200 ka, CAVA volcanoes have emitted a cumulative mass of 3.2 Mt of Br through highly explosive eruptions. There are six periods in the past (c. 2ka, 6ka, 25ka, 40ka, 60ka, 75

  2. Early Paleozoic dioritic and granitic plutons in the Eastern Tianshan Orogenic Belt, NW China: Constraints on the initiation of a magmatic arc in the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Long; Long, Xiaoping; Yuan, Chao; Zhang, Yunying; Huang, Zongying; Sun, Min; Zhao, Guochun; Xiao, Wenjiao

    2018-03-01

    Early Paleozoic dioritic and granitic plutons in the Eastern Tianshan Orogenic Belt (ETOB) have been studied in order to constraint the initiation of a magmatic arc formed in this region. Zircon U-Pb dating indicates that two dioritic plutons in the northern ETOB were generated in the Late Ordovician (452 ± 4 Ma) and the Early Silurian (442 ± 3 Ma), respectively. Diorites from the two plutons are characterized by enrichments in large ion lithophile elements (LILE) and highly incompatible elements, with depletions in high field strength elements (HSFE) displaying typical geochemical features of a subduction-related origin. They have positive εNd(t) values (+5.08-+6.58), relatively young Nd model ages (TDM = 0.71-1.08 Ga), with Ta/Yb (0.05-0.09) and Nb/Ta ratios (12.06-15.19) similar to those of depleted mantle, suggesting a juvenile mantle origin. Their high Ba/La (13.3-35.9), low Th/Yb (0.72-2.02), and relatively low Ce/Th (4.57-14.7) and Ba/Th (47.8-235) ratios indicate that these diorites were probably produced by partial melting of a depleted mantle wedge metasomatized by both subducted sediment-derived melts and slab-derived aqueous fluids. Zircon U-Pb dating of a granitic pluton in the northern ETOB yielded a Late Ordovician intrusion age of 447 ± 5 Ma. Granites from this pluton show calc-alkaline compositions with geochemical characteristics of I-type granites. They also show positive εNd(t) values (+6.49-+6.95) and young Nd model ages (TDM = 0.69-0.87 Ga), indicating that the granites were most likely derived from juvenile lower crust. Our new dating results on the dioritic and granitic plutons suggest that arc-type magmatism in the northern ETOB began prior to or at the Late Ordovician (452-442 Ma). In addition, north-dipping subduction of the Kangguertage oceanic lithosphere may account for the arc-type magmatism and the geodynamic process of the ETOB in the Early Paleozoic.

  3. Microstructure design of titanate-based electroceramics =

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaral, Luis Miguel de Almeida

    Electrocerâmicos sao uma classe de materiais avancados com propriedades electricas valiosas para aplicacoes. Estas propriedades sao geralmente muito dependentes da microestrutura dos materiais. Portanto, o objectivo geral deste trabalho e investigar o desenho da resposta dielectrica de filmes espessos obtidos por Deposicao Electroforetica (EPD) e cerâmicos monoliticos, atraves do controlo da evolucao da microestrutura durante a sinterizacao de electrocerâmicos a base de titanatos. Aplicacoes sem fios na industria microelectronica e de comunicacoes, em rapido crescimento, tornaram-se um importante mercado para os fabricantes de semicondutores. Devido a constante necessidade de miniaturizacao, reducao de custos e maior funcionalidade e integracao, a tecnologia de filmes espessos esta a tornar-se uma abordagem de processamento de materiais funcionais cada vez mais importante. Uma tecnica adequada neste contexto e EPD. Os filmes espessos resultantes necessitam de um passo subsequente de sinterizacao que e afectada pelo substrato subjacente, tendo este um forte efeito sobre a evolucao da microestrutura. Relacionado com a miniaturizacao e a discriminacao do sinal, materiais dielectricos usados como componentes operando a frequencias das microondas em aplicacoes na industria microelectronica de comunicacoes devem apresentar baixas perdas dielectricas e elevadas permitividade dielectrica e estabilidade com a temperatura. Materiais do sistema BaO-Ln2O3- TiO2 (BLnT: Ln = La ou Nd), como BaLa4Ti4O15 (BLT) e Ba4.5Nd9Ti18O54 (BNT), cumprem esses requisitos e sao interessantes para aplicacoes, por exemplo, em estacoes de base para comunicacoes moveis ou em ressonadores para telefones moveis, onde a miniaturizacao dos dispositivos e muito importante. Por sua vez, o titanato de estroncio (SrTiO3, STO) e um ferroelectrico incipiente com constante dielectrica elevada e baixas perdas, que encontra aplicacao em, por exemplo, condensadores de camada interna, tirando partido de

  4. Milton Nascimento: El circo como lugar de resistencia cultural

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    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Oficina de cultura de resistencia realizada con 27 niños de 10 años de edad, Estudiantes de una escuela pública municipal de Vitoria – ES, y que tuvo como propósito celebrar El Día Internacional Del Circo, El 27 de marzo. Toda La producción estética de dicha oficina giro en torno de la música “Circo Marimbondo”, de La autoria de Milton Nascimento y Fernando Brant (1978 y consto con la  elaboración de pictografías de artistas circenses (dibujo con masa de modelar, a partir de la pregunta rectora ¿“Quienes son esos marimbondos, de quien tanto habla la música?” Los marimbondos fueron representados por los niños principalmente como figura artistas fantásticos como: payasos, bailarinas, hombres bala, trapecista, y la mujer barbuda o mujer gorila. El taller finalizo con La presentación de toda la producción estética para la familia de aquellos niños. Palabras Clave: Milton Nascimento, Música Popular Brasilera, Cultura de resistencia.__________________Abstract:Workshop by culture of resistance carried out with 27 children from 10 years old, students at a local public school in Vitória - ES, which aimed to celebrate the International Day Circus on March 27. All the aesthetic production of the workshop revolved around the song Circus Wasp, by Milton Nascimento and Fernando Brant (1978 and consisted elaboration of pictography of circus artists (drawing with clay modeling , from question: "Who are these wasps whose music speaks so much?" The wasps were represented mainly by children like it features amazing artists as: clowns, dancers, man bullet, trapeze artists, and bearded woman or female gorilla. The workshop culminated with the presentation of the whole aesthetic production to the family of those children.Keywords: Milton Nascimento, Brazilian Popular Music, Culture of resistance.

  5. Estado nutricional e hábitos alimentares de dependentes químicos em tratamento ambulatorial

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    Isadora Borne Ferreira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Identificar o estado nutricional e hábitos alimentares de pacientes masculinos em recuperação de dependência química em acompanhamento ambulatorial de uma unidade de adição. Métodos Estudo transversal com 25 pacientes adultos em tratamento ambulatorial para dependência química. Foram aferidos parâmetros antropométricos (peso, estatura, circunferência da cintura e índice de massa corporal e de composição corporal (bioimpedância elétrica, e foram investigados hábitos alimentares (Questionário de Frequência Alimentar – QFA. As variáveis categóricas são apresentadas como frequências e percentuais e as variáveis contínuas, como média e desvio-padrão ou como mediana e intervalo interquartil. Resultados Observou-se índice de massa corporal médio de 27,73 ± 4,15 kg/m2, com prevalência de sobrepeso de 80% e obesidade de 8%. A média da circunferência da cintura foi de 96,60 ± 9,84 cm e a de percentual de gordura corporal, de 23,24 ± 6,44. A maior parte da amostra estudada [20 (80%] refere realizar quatro ou mais refeições por dia e 72% referiram aumento do consumo alimentar no período de abstinência. A preferência por alimentos específicos no período de abstinência foi relatada por 12 (48% pacientes. Em relação ao consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, destaca-se o consumo diário de pão francês (68%, pães brancos de forma (16%, sucos artificiais (48%, refrigerantes (32%, queijo amarelo (36%, embutidos com alto teor de gordura (36% e balas e chicletes (32%. Conclusão Os resultados mostram prevalência elevada de sobrepeso e obesidade, além de medida de circunferência da cintura alterada, relato de aumento da ingestão alimentar e consumo diário e semanal elevado de alimentos ultraprocessados.

  6. Development of novel ultrashort antimicrobial peptide nanoparticles with potent antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities against multidrug-resistant bacteria

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    Almaaytah A

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Ammar Almaaytah,1 Gubran Khalil Mohammed,1 Ahmad Abualhaijaa,2 Qosay Al-Balas3 1Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, 2Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Arts, 3Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan Abstract: Conventional antibiotics are facing strong microbial resistance that has recently reached critical levels. This situation is leading to significantly reduced therapeutic potential of a huge proportion of antimicrobial agents currently used in clinical settings. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs could provide the medical community with an alternative strategy to traditional antibiotics for combating microbial resistance. However, the development of AMPs into clinically useful antibiotics is hampered by their relatively low stability, toxicity, and high manufacturing costs. In this study, a novel in-house-designed potent ultrashort AMP named RBRBR was encapsulated into chitosan-based nanoparticles (CS-NPs based on the ionotropic gelation method. The encapsulation efficacy reported for RBRBR into CS-NPs was 51.33%, with a loading capacity of 10.17%. The release kinetics of RBRBR from the nanocarrier exhibited slow release followed by progressive linear release for 14 days. The antibacterial kinetics of RBRBR-CS-NPs was tested against four strains of Staphylococcus aureus for 4 days, and the developed RBRBR-CS-NPs exhibited a 3-log decrease in the number of colonies when compared to CS-NP and a 5-log decrease when compared to control bacteria. The encapsulated peptide NP formulation managed to limit the toxicity of the free peptide against both mammalian cells and human erythrocytes. Additionally, the peptide NPs demonstrated up to 98% inhibition of biofilm formation when tested against biofilm-forming bacteria. Loading RBRBR into CS-NPs could represent an innovative approach to develop delivery systems based on NP

  7. Correlating geochemistry, tectonics, and volcanic volume along the Central American volcanic front

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolge, Louise L.; Carr, Michael J.; Milidakis, Katherine I.; Lindsay, Fara N.; Feigenson, Mark D.

    2009-12-01

    The Central American volcanic front consists of several distinct volcanic lineaments or segments, separated by right steps and/or changes in strike. Each volcanic line is rotated slightly counterclockwise from the strike of the inclined seismic zone. Right stepping volcanic lines, oblique to the strike of the slab, create a sawtooth pattern in the depth to the slab. Zr/Nb is the first geochemical signature with consistent large offsets at the right steps in the volcanic front. Moreover, Zr/Nb mirrors the sawtooth variation in depth to the slab; within a segment it increases from SE to NW, and at the right steps, separating segments, it abruptly decreases. Unfortunately, there is no simple negative correlation between Zr/Nb and depth to the slab because Zr/Nb also has a regional variation, similar to previously documented regional variations in slab tracers in Central America (e.g., Ba/La, U/Th, and 87Sr/86Sr). Within a segment, Zr/Nb decreases with increasing depth to slab. This can be explained in two ways: a Nb retaining mineral, e.g., amphibole, in the subducting slab is breaking down gradually with increasing depth causing more Nb to be released and consequently a smaller Nb depletion in deeper melts; alternatively, all melts have the same initial Nb depletion which is then diluted by acquiring Nb from the surrounding mantle wedge as melts rise and react. Deeper melts have longer paths and therefore more reaction with the mantle wedge diluting the initial Nb depletion. Within each volcanic segment there is variation in eruptive volume. The largest volcanoes generally occur in the middle of the segments, and the smaller volcanoes tend to be located at the ends. Connecting the largest volcanoes in each segment suggests an axis of maximum productivity. This is likely the surface projection of the center of the melt aggregation zone. The largest volcanoes tap the entire melt zone. Those with shallow depths to the slab tap just the front part of the melt zone and

  8. Caracterização geomorfométrica e do uso do solo da Bacia Hidrográfica do Alto Meia Ponte, Goiás Geomorphometric characterization and land use of the Upper Meia Ponte Watershed, Goiás

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    Pérola M. Calil

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A caracterização geomorfométrica da utilização dos solos predominantes de uma bacia hidrográfica é importante para o entendimento da dinâmica dos processos que envolvem o balaço hidrológico e o transporte de sedimentos. Objetivou-se, com este trabalho, a caracterização dos atributos morfométricos da Bacia Hidrográfica do Alto Meia Ponte, procurando associá-los com as classes de solos predominantes na área da bacia com a sua utilização e como analisar a semelhança geométrica entre as sub-bacias que a compõem. Em todas as etapas do trabalho se utilizaram de programas de SIG, carta topográfica do IBGE e imagens do satélite Landsat TM5 e de levantamentos de campo. Obtidos os resultados verificou-se que a Sub-Bacia Sb2, com predominância de Argissolos e Cambissolos, apresentou um padrão de drenagem mais ramificado porém, devido ao seu formato e à posição na paisagem, ela está mais propensa aos picos de cheia em resposta a chuvas de grandes intensidades e, portanto, mais vulnerável aos processos de erosão e transporte de sedimentos.The geomorphometric characterization and the land use of a watershed is important to understand the dynamics of the processes involving the hydrologic balance and sediment transport. In this context, the aim of this study was to characterize the morphometric attributes of the Upper Meia Ponte river watershed, trying to associate them with the predominant soil types and land use, and analyze the geometric similarity among the sub-basins that comprise it. At all stages of the study GIS programs was used, the IBGE topographic maps and Landsat TM5 satellite images and field surveys. The results showed that the sub-basin Sb2, predominantly Ultisols and Inceptisol, has a more branched drainage pattern and due to its shape and position in the landscape, is more prone to spikes in full in response to large rainfall intensities and is, therefore, more vulnerable to erosion and sediment transport.

  9. Efeito da acidificação nas propriedades físico-químicas e funcionais do amido de sementes de manga (Mangifera indica L., variedade Tommy Atkins

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    Marianne Louise Marinho Mendes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available No processamento industrial da manga, os subprodutos, caroço e casca são, normalmente, descartados sem o devido aproveitamento. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar as características físico-químicas e funcionais dos amidos nativo e acidificado do caroço (amêndoa de manga, da variedade Tommy Atkins, pesquisando uma nova fonte de amido e formas de melhorá-la e contribuir para a utilização de resíduos da indústria alimentícia. As amêndoas foram retiradas manualmente dos caroços de manga e procedeu-se a extração do amido. O amido nativo foi acidificado, sendo o agente promotor da modificação o ácido clorídrico. Verificou-se a composição química do amido nativo. Determinaram-se também as propriedades funcionais e de pasta do amido nativo e do acidificado. Para a composição centesimal, o amido nativo apresentou 71,56% de amido, 7,30% de lipídeos e 5,6% de proteínas. Os amidos nativo e acidificado demonstraram baixa resistência à elevação da temperatura, com intumescimento máximo a 75 oC, sendo seus valores 9,395 e 6,861 g/g, respectivamente. A solubilidade mostrou-se crescente, à medida que houve elevação da temperatura, sendo seu valor máximo 48,03% para o amido acidificado. O amido nativo expôs maior capacidade de absorção de água, óleo e claridade da pasta. O referido amido ainda apresentou maior pico de viscosidade, viscosidade mínima, quebra de viscosidade, viscosidade final, retrogradação e temperatura de pasta do que os do amido acidificado. O amido nativo pode ser indicado para compor sopas desidratadas e produtos cárneos, enquanto o acidificado pode ser usado em alimentos congelados e refrigerados e na indústria de balas.

  10. Violence, suicidal attempts and relationships with parents in a group of adolescent girls. Pilot studies

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    Marta Makara-Studzińska

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study: An analysis of the correlation between experiencing peer violence and suicidal behaviours with regard to relationships with parents. Material and methods: The study included 43 girls (aged between 12 and 16 years admitted to the Department of Paediatrics at the Prof. Antoni Gębala Children’s Hospital in Lublin due to suicidal attempts. The study group consisted of 17 girls who experienced peer violence, while the control group included 26 girls who attempted suicide for other reasons than peer violence. A sociodemographic questionnaire and a metric survey of own design, in which the girls specified the intensity of a given feature on a scale of 1–10, were used. Results: There were statistically significant differences between girls experiencing peer violence vs. control group in terms of the feeling of being unloved by parents (p < 0.04, receiving parental attention (p < 0.002, home safety (p < 0.05, the feeling of being abandoned by parents (p < 0.0003, the feeling of loneliness (p < 0.004, being disliked at school (p < 0.003, having friends (p < 0.01, the number of suicide attempts (p < 0.03, and having thoughts about preparing for an effective suicide attempt (p < 0.01. A strong conviction about having “cool” friends was correlated with a decrease in the number of suicidal thoughts (p < 0.02, belief that the suicide will be successful one day (p < 0.04, and the intensity of thinking about preparing for an effective suicide attempt (p < 0.03. Conclusions: Having friends can indirectly eliminate the consequences of parental failure to meet child’s basic needs as well as reduce suicidal thoughts and attempts. The quality of family relationships may affect the relationships with peers, which is associated with becoming potential victims of violence.

  11. Elaboração e análise sensorial de biscoito recheado enriquecido com fibras e com menor teor de gordura Development and sensorial analysis of stuffed cookie enriched with fibers and with lower fat content

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    Beatriz Mortari Saydelles

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, observa-se que as crianças consomem, em grande quantidade, alimentos contendo excesso de gorduras e pobres em fibras como: balas, salgadinhos, alimentos fast food e biscoitos recheados. Com a necessidade de se elaborar alimentos mais saudáveis, buscou-se por meio do presente estudo elaborar um biscoito recheado enriquecido com fibras e com menor teor de gordura, analisar a composição de fibras e lipídeos e verificar a aceitabilidade do biscoito elaborado em comparação a um biscoito industrializado. As análises de fibra bruta e lipídeos foram realizadas em duplicatas, segundo metodologia descrita pela AOAC (1995. A análise sensorial foi realizada com 50 crianças, com idades entre sete e 10 anos, em uma Instituição Privada de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul (RS, utilizando uma ficha de avaliação com escala hedônica facial de três pontos. Houve redução no teor de gorduras e aumento no teor de fibras do biscoito elaborado. Além disso, verificou-se que o biscoito elaborado obteve uma boa aceitação, não diferindo estatisticamente do industrializado.Nowadays, it is observed that children consume food containing a large amount of fat and low quantity of fiber such as: candies, snacks, fast food and filled cookies. Because of the need to develop healthier food, the aim of this study was to develop cookie enriched with fiber and less fat content, analyze the fiber and fat composition and verify the acceptability of the cookies in comparison to an industrialized cookie. The analysis of crude fiber and fat were performed in duplicates according to AOAC (1995 methodology. The sensory analysis was performed with 50 children aged between 7 and 10 years-old at a private institution in Santa Maria - RS, using as evaluation form a hedonic facial scale with three points. According to the results it can be concluded that cookie prepared had a good acceptance, without statistics difference between the industrialized one, as well as

  12. Hierarchy and Interactions in Environmental Interfaces Regarded as Biophysical Complex Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihailovic, Dragutin T.; Balaz, Igor

    The field of environmental sciences is abundant with various interfaces and is the right place for the application of new fundamental approaches leading towards a better understanding of environmental phenomena. For example, following the definition of environmental interface by Mihailovic and Balaž [23], such interface can be placed between: human or animal bodies and surrounding air, aquatic species and water and air around them, and natural or artificially built surfaces (vegetation, ice, snow, barren soil, water, urban communities) and the atmosphere. Complex environmental interface systems are open and hierarchically organised, interactions between their constituent parts are nonlinear, and the interaction with the surrounding environment is noisy. These systems are therefore very sensitive to initial conditions, deterministic external perturbations and random fluctuations always present in nature. The study of noisy non-equilibrium processes is fundamental for modelling the dynamics of environmental interface systems and for understanding the mechanisms of spatio-temporal pattern formation in contemporary environmental sciences, particularly in environmental fluid mechanics. In modelling complex biophysical systems one of the main tasks is to successfully create an operative interface with the external environment. It should provide a robust and prompt translation of the vast diversity of external physical and/or chemical changes into a set of signals, which are "understandable" for an organism. Although the establishment of organisation in any system is of crucial importance for its functioning, it should not be forgotten that in biophysical systems we deal with real-life problems where a number of other conditions should be reached in order to put the system to work. One of them is the proper supply of the system by the energy. Therefore, we will investigate an aspect of dynamics of energy flow based on the energy balance equation. The energy as well as

  13. Therapeutic Bronchoalveolar Lavage with Conventional Treatment in Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khalil, K. F.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To establish the role of therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage in addition to conventional treatment among two groups, with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, in terms of regression in serum IgE levels and clinical recurrence at 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Study Design: Aquasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pulmonology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July 2010 to December 2013. Methodology: The study was carried out on 132 patients who fulfilled the Greenberger and Patterson criteria and underwent a chest X-ray, an HRCT chest and classified radiologically as with Central Bronchiectasis (CB), High Attenuation Mucus (HAM) or Other Radiological Features (ORF). Baseline serum IgE levels were noted. All patients were given treatment including prednisolone and antifungal agent itraconazole for 4 months. Patients with ORF on HRCT chest and just received the medical treatment were labeled as conventional group. Those patients who had CB or HAM radiological features also underwent bronchoscopy with therapeutic Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL), labeled as BAL group. Clinical recurrence and serum IgE levels were noted at 3 and 6 months. Values were compared using chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests respectively. Results: Around 78 (59.1 percentage) of patients underwent bronchoscopy with therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage to remove the mucus plugs. The mean serum IgE levels at baseline were 3312.04 ± 2526.217 and 3486.15 ± 2528.324 IU/ml in the BAL and conventional groups respectively. There was a statistically significant reduction in the mean serum IgE levels at 3 (p < 0.00) and 6 months (p < 0.001) of follow-up in BALas compared to conventional group. There was no significant difference in the clinical recurrence rate in both the groups (p=0.078 at 3 and 0.343 at 6 months respectively). Conclusion: Therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage may be a useful adjunct to treatment in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary

  14. Novel glyoxalase-I inhibitors possessing a “zinc-binding feature” as potential anticancer agents

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    Al-Balas QA

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Qosay A Al-Balas,1 Mohammad A Hassan,1 Nizar A Al-Shar’i,1 Nizar M Mhaidat,2 Ammar M Almaaytah,3 Fatima M Al-Mahasneh,1 Israa H Isawi1 1Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, 3Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan Background: The glyoxalase system including two thiol-dependent enzymes, glyoxalase I (Glo-I and glyoxalase II, plays an important role in a ubiquitous metabolic pathway involved in cellular detoxification of cytotoxic 2-oxoaldehydes. Tumor cells have high glycolytic activity, leading to increased cellular levels of these toxic metabolites. The increased activity of the detoxification system in cancerous cells makes this pathway a viable target for developing novel anticancer agents. In this study, we examined the potential utility of non-glutathione-based inhibitors of the Glo-I enzyme as novel anticancer drugs.Methods: Computer-aided drug design techniques, such as customized pharmacophoric features, virtual screening, and flexible docking, were used to achieve the project goals. Retrieved hits were extensively filtered and subsequently docked into the active site of the enzyme. The biological activities of retrieved hits were assessed using an in vitro assay against Glo-I.Results: Since Glo-I is a zinc metalloenzyme, a customized Zn-binding pharmacophoric feature was used to search for selective inhibitors via virtual screening of a small-molecule database. Seven hits were selected, purchased, and biologically evaluated. Three of the seven hits inhibited Glo-I activity, the most effective of which exerted 76.4% inhibition at a concentration of 25 µM.Conclusion: We successfully identified a potential Glo-I inhibitor that can serve as a lead compound for further optimization. Moreover, our in silico and experimental results were highly correlated. Hence, the docking protocol adopted in this study may

  15. Calbuco Volcano and minor eruptive centers distributed along the Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault Zone, Chile (41° 42° S): contrasting origin of andesitic and basaltic magma in the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Escobar, L.; Parada, M. A.; Hickey-Vargas, R.; Frey, F. A.; Kempton, P. D.; Moreno, H.

    1995-04-01

    Calbuco volcano is a Late Pleistocene-Holocene composite stratovolcano located at 41°20' S, in the southern region of the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes (SSVZ; 37° 46° S). In contrast to basalt and basaltic andesite, which are the dominant lava types on the volcanic front from 37° to 42° S, Calbuco lavas are porphyritic andesites which contain a wide variety of crustal xenoliths. They have SiO2 contents in the 55 60% range, and have comparatively low K2O, Rb, Ba, Th and LREF abundances relative to other SSVZ centers. Incompatible element abundance ratios are similar to those of most SSVZ volcanics, but 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd are respectively higher and lower than those of adjacent volcanic centers. Basalts from nearby Osorno stratovolcano, 25 km to the northeast, are similar to other basaltic SSVZ volcanoes. However, basalts from several minor eruptive centers (MEC), located east of Calbuco and Osorno volcano along the Liquiñe-Ofqui fault zone (LOFZ), are enriched in Ba, Nb, Th and LREE, and have higher La/Yb and lower Ba/La, K/La and Rb/La. 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd in MEC basalts are respectively lower and higher than those of Osorno and Calbuco lavas. We suggest that MEC basalts were produced by lower extents of mantle melting than basalts from Osorno and other SSVZ stratovolcanoes, probably as a result of lower water content in the source of MEC basalts. Calbuco andesites formed from basaltic parents similar to Osorno basalts, by moderate pressure crystallization of a hornblende-bearing assemblage accompanied by crustal assimilation. Hornblende stability in the Calbuco andesites was promoted by the assimilation of hydrous metasedimentary crustal rocks, which are also an appropriate endmember for isotopic trends, together with magma storage at mid-crustal depths. The unique characteristics of Calbuco volcano, i.e. the stability of hornblende at andesitic SiO2 contents, low 143Nd/144Nd and high 87Sr/86Sr, and abundant crustal xenoliths, provide

  16. La Primera línea de la Falange contra la República

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    José Antonio Parejo Fernández

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Partido de retaguardia, reunión de emboscados, así fue como al poco tiempo comenzó a ser vista la Falange por sus propios socios. Emboscados, en principio, lo fueron aquellos individuos, malos españoles en el imaginario colectivo de la derecha reaccionaria, que pudieron luchar contra la República y no lo hicieron. En la práctica, sin embargo, dicho calificativo respondió a un sentimiento muy concreto que se extendió por buena parte de la España Nacional y que vino a identificar a aquellos malos patriotas con los falangistas de la retaguardia. Así, mientras aquellos oportunistas conspiraban a salvo de las balas para imponer su modelo de estado totalitario y excluyente, en los frentes de batalla y a decir de los reaccionarios luchaban muchos españoles con nobleza y elevación de espíritu. Las continuas concentraciones, los desfiles, las misas al aire libre, los rituales nocturnos de antorchas protagonizadas por la Falange, aquella acusación, sin duda legítima a tenor de todo esto, se apoyó, no obstante, en una percepción torcida de la realidad.Ambushed, in principle, they were it who they could fight against the Republic and they didn’t make it. In the practice, however, that epithet was used by the reactionary right to attack the falangists of the rearguard. According to the reactionaries, while those opportunists conspired safe of the bullets to impose their model of totalitarian state, in the battle fronts many Spaniards fought with nobility and spirit elevation. The continuous concentrations, the parades, the religious rituals outdoors, the night rituals of brands played by the Falange, that accusation leaned on, nevertheless, in a bent perception of the reality. With this article, therefore, and using unpublished documental sources, we want to analyze the contribution of a Falange that became a fundamental pillar for the overthrow of the Second Spanish Republic in very little time.

  17. O uso do carboidrato antes da atividade física como recurso ergogênico: revisão sistemática

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    Jeniffer dos Santos Fontan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A dieta dos atletas requer aporte energético adequado, sendo a principal fonte energética os carboidratos CHO que são encontrados livremente na corrente sanguínea ou armazenados nos músculos e no fígado. Com base na rotina de treinos e competições, ou mesmo na quantidade exacerbada de energia necessária, é comum a necessidade de suplementação de CHO, seja na forma de bebidas, géis, barras ou balas energéticas, antes, durante ou depois da atividade física. Devido à importância dos CHO foram reunidos estudos que testaram a suplementação com diferentes CHO antes do exercício para aumento da performance. Foram investigados artigos e teses cuja publicação ocorreu a partir de 2006 em bases científicas eletrônicas e banco de teses de faculdades renomadas na área. Os CHO podem ser divididos segundo a quantidade de moléculas que o compõem, as quais também são diferenciadas também por digestão, absorção, viscosidade, dulçor, índice glicêmico IG e oxidação durante a atividade. Comparando-se a taxa de oxidação, foram encontrados melhores resultados quando os CHO ingeridos são de alto teor de IG glicose e sacarose e baixo teor de IG frutose ao se realizar atividade de média a alta intensidade de longa duração. A ingestão de CHO antes do exercício mostrou-se eficiente nos nove estudos analisados, sendo que dois deles apresentaram relevância p < 0,005. Mesmo com a ingestão de CHO com diferentes IG, observou-se melhora, não sendo relatada hipoglicemia de rebote como teorizado na literatura. A suplementação de CHO com a composição e administração apropriadas mostrou-se eficiente para aumento do desempenho físico.

  18. Geochemical signatures of tephras from Quaternary Antarctic Peninsula volcanoes Geoquímica de tefras de volcanes Cuaternarios de la Península Antártica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Kraus

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the northern Antarctic Peninsula area, at least 12 Late Plelstocene-Holocene volcanic centers could be potential sources of tephra layers in the region. We present unique geochemical fingerprints for ten of these volcanoes using major, trace, rare earth element, and isotope data from 95 samples of tephra and other eruption products. The volcanoes have predominantly basaltic and basaltic andesitic compositions. The Nb/Y ratio proves useful to distinguish between volcanic centers located on the eastern (Larsen Rift and those situated on the western side (Bransfield Rift of the Antarctic Peninsula. In addition, the Sr/Nb ratio (for samples with SiO2 En la parte norte de la Península Antártica existen, por lo menos, 12 centros volcánicos del Pleistoceno Tardío-Holoceno que podrían representar las fuentes de horizontes de tefra reconocidos en la región. Se reportan aquí análisis químicos de 10 de estos volcanes, que incluyen análisis de elementos mayores, trazas, tierras raras y composición isotópica de 95 muestras de tefra u otros productos eruptivos. Los volcanes tienen, en su mayoría, composición basáltica a basáltico-andesítica. Las razones Nb/Y resultan útiles para distinguir entre centros volcánicos ubicados al lado oriental (Larsen Rift de aquellos ubicados al lado occidental (Bransfield Rift de la Península Antártica. Adicionalmente, las razones Sr/Nb (para muestras con SiO2 <63 wt%, Sr/Y, Ba/La, Zr/Hf y Th/Nb sirven para caracterizar los productos generados por cada centro volcánico. Análisis de microsonda en vidrio muestran que las rocas estudiadas tienen bajos contenidos de K2O, y que vidrios de rocas provenientes de volcanes ubicados en el rift de Bransfield son ricos en SiO2, mientras que las de volcanes del rift de Larsen tienden hacía contenidos elevados de álcalis. Se propone un algoritmo para la identificación del volcán de origen de un horizonte de tefra cualquiera, basado en las distintivas

  19. Temporal magma source changes at Gaua volcano, Vanuatu island arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaumais, Aurélien; Bertrand, Hervé; Chazot, Gilles; Dosso, Laure; Robin, Claude

    2016-08-01

    Gaua Island (also called Santa Maria), from the central part of the Vanuatu arc, consists of a large volcano marked by a caldera that hosts the active Mount Garet summit cone. In this paper, a geochemical study including Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions of 25 lavas emitted since 1.8 Ma is presented, with a focus on the volcanic products that preceded (old volcanics, main cone and pyroclastic series) and followed (Mount Garet) the caldera forming event. All lavas show an island arc signature with enrichment in LILE and depletion in HFSE. Post-caldera lavas define a medium-K calc-alkaline trend, whereas lavas from the former main cone have high-K calc-alkaline compositions. Compared to the pre-caldera volcanic suite, the Mount Garet lavas have similar Th/Nb ( 1.5), 143Nd/144Nd ( 0.51295) and 176Hf/177Hf ( 0.28316) ratios, but higher Ba/La ( 42 vs. 27) and 87Sr/86Sr (0.70417 vs. 0.70405) ratios and lower Ce/Pb ( 2.7 vs. 4.6), La/Sm ( 2.5 vs. 4.0) and 206Pb/204Pb (18.105 vs. 18.176) ratios. High Th/Nb and low Nd and Hf isotopic ratios compared to N-MORB suggest the contribution of 2% of subducted sediment melt to the mantle source of Gaua magmas. Most of the observed differences between pre- and post-caldera lavas can be accounted for by the involvement of at least two portions of the mantle wedge, metasomatized by different slab-derived aqueous fluids. In addition, the lower La/Sm (at a given 143Nd/144Nd) ratios of Mount Garet lavas suggest a higher degree of partial melting ( 10-15%) compared to the pre-caldera lavas ( 5%). The Santa Maria Pyroclastic Series (SMPS) eruption probably triggered the caldera collapse, in response to emptying of the magmatic chamber. This event may have allowed new access to the surface for a geochemically distinct batch of magma issued from a separate magma chamber, resulting in the birth and construction of Mount Garet within the caldera. As both magmatic suites were emitted over a very short time, the storage of their parental

  20. Antitumour activity mediated by CD4+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes against MHC class II-negative mouse hepatocellular carcinoma induced by dendritic cell vaccine and interleukin-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homma, Sadamu; Komita, Hideo; Sagawa, Yukiko; Ohno, Tsuneya; Toda, Gotaro

    2005-08-01

    When BALA/c mice with BNL hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were treated with dendritic cells fused with BNL cells (DC/BNL) and recombinant murine interleukin (IL)-12, tumour development was significantly suppressed, whereas treatment with either DC/BNL or IL-12 alone did not show a tumour-suppressive effect. Antitumour activity induced by DC/BNL + IL-12 was abrogated by depletion of CD4+ T cells, but not by depletion of CD8+ T cells or natural killer cells. Splenic CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells from DC/BNL-treated mice showed cytotoxic activity against BNL cells after 3 days of incubation with DC/BNL, although BNL cells do not express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules even after treatment with interferon (INF)-gamma. Furthermore, CD4+ T cells killed syngeneic-irrelevant CT26 cells and even allogeneic Hepa1-6 cells. This cytotoxicity was blocked by concanamycin A, but not by an anti-Fas ligand (FasL) monoclonal antibody, indicating that cytotoxic activity was mediated by perforin. Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated that abundant CD4+ T cells and MHC class II-positive macrophages, but not CD8(+) T cells, had infiltrated tumour tissue in mice treated with DC/BNL + IL-12. Flow cytometric analysis of tumour-infiltrating cells in mice treated with DC/BNL + IL-12 showed increases in CD4+ T cells and MHC class II+ CD11b+ cells but not in CD8+ T cells or MHC class I+ CD11b+ cells. Our results suggest that, in BNL-bearing mice treated with DC/BNL + IL-12, tumour macrophages activated by INF-gamma produced by IL-12-stimulated T cells might present BNL tumour antigens and activate DC/BNL-primed CD4+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in a MHC class II-dependent manner, leading to perforin-mediated bystander killing of neighbouring MHC class II-negative tumour cells.

  1. A novel POSS-coated quantum dot for biological application

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    Rizvi SB

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Sarwat B Rizvi,1 Lara Yildirimer,1 Shirin Ghaderi,1 Bala Ramesh,1 Alexander M Seifalian,1,2 Mo Keshtgar1,21UCL Centre for Nanotechnology and Regenerative Medicine, Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, United Kingdom; 2Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust Hospital, London, United KingdomAbstract: Quantum dots (QDs are fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals that have the potential for major advancements in the field of nanomedicine through their unique photophysical properties. They can potentially be used as fluorescent probes for various biomedical imaging applications, including cancer localization, detection of micrometastasis, image guided surgery, and targeted drug delivery. Their main limitation is toxicity, which requires a biologically compatible surface coating to shield the toxic core from the surrounding environment. However, this leads to an increase in QD size that may lead to problems of excretion and systemic sequestration. We describe a one pot synthesis, characterization, and in vitro cytotoxicity of a novel polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS-coated CdTe-cored QD using mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA and D-cysteine as stabilizing agents. Characterization was performed using transmission electron microscopy Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and photoluminescence studies. POSS-coated QDs demonstrated high colloidal stability and enhanced photostability on high degrees of ultraviolet (UV excitation compared to QDs coated with MSA and D-cysteine alone (P value < 0.05. In vitro toxicity studies showed that both POSS and MSA-QDs were significantly less toxic than ionized salts of Cd+2 and Te-2. Confocal microscopy confirmed high brightness of POSS-QDs in cells at both 1 and 24 hours, indicating that these QDs are rapidly taken up by cells and remain photostable in a biological environment. We therefore conclude that a POSS coating confers biological compatibility, photostability, and colloidal

  2. PELÍCULA ANTIMICROBIANA A BASE DE PROTEÍNA DE SUERO LÁCTEO, INCORPORADA CON BACTERIAS LÁCTICAS COMO CONTROLADOR DE Listeria monocytogenes, APLICADA SOBRE SALMÓN AHUMADO FILM ANTIMICROBIAL BASED WHEY PROTEIN, LACTIC ACID BACTERIA INCORPORATED AS CONTROLLER Listeria monocytogenes APPLIED TO SMOKED SALMON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEYCI RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El concentrado de proteína de suero lácteo (CPS posee propiedades funcionales apropiadas para la elaboración de películas biopreservantes, siendo factible la incorporación de bacterias ácido lácticas (BAL productoras de sustancias tipo bacteriocina (STB y así, lograr un efecto controlador sobre Listeria monocytogenes al ser utilizada como cobertura sobre salmón ahumado. Las condiciones para la formación de la película fueron: CPS 12% p/v, glicerol 18% v/v, pH en solución formadora de película 7,0 y 8,0, y secado a 30°C por 16 horas. La actividad inhibitoria de la película incorporada con las cepas lácticas fue evaluada usando el método de difusión frente a un césped de L. monocytogenes y mediante el recuento en placa, obteniendo: la combinación de dos cepas BAL aumentó la actividad controladora sobre L. monocytogenes logrando reducir hasta 2,1 ciclos logarítmicos el crecimiento de este patógeno, bajo condiciones de refrigeración durante 15 días.The Whey protein concentrated (WPC has functional properties suitable for developing films biopreservantes. Thanks to the functional properties of its components, was feasible the incorporation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB producing substances type bacteriocins (STB and thus achieve and effective control Listeria monocytogenes to be applied on smoked salmon. The conditions for the formation of the film were: CPS 12% w/v, glycerol 18% v/v, pH of film-forming solution 7.0 and 8.0, and dried at 30°C for 16 hours. The study of inhibitory activity of the film incorporated with lactic strains was evaluated using the diffusion method against a lawn of L. monocytogenes and by plate counting, getting the combination BAL-A + B, increases the activity of controlling L. monocytogenes achieving 2.1 log units to reduce the growth of this pathogen under refrigeration for 15 days.

  3. The Pan-African Kekem gabbro-norite (West-Cameroon), U-Pb zircon age, geochemistry and Sr-Nd isotopes: Geodynamical implication for the evolution of the Central African fold belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwékam, Maurice; Affaton, Pascal; Bruguier, Olivier; Liégeois, Jean-Paul; Hartmann, Gerald; Njonfang, Emmanuel

    2013-08-01

    The Kekem shoshonitic gabbro-norite association is part of the high-K calc-alkaline (HKCA) post-collisional magmatism, a major feature of the Pan-African Belt in Cameroon. LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon analyses provide an age of 576 ± 4 Ma for the Kekem complex. This age is interpreted as dating the emplacement of the massif during the waning stage of the Pan-African orogeny. The latter is related to dextral movements along the Central Cameroon Shear Zone (CCSZ). The REE patterns display enriched LREE (LaN/YbN = 14.2-23.5) while HREE present a nearly flat profile (DyN/YbN = 1.3-1.7), and the La/Sm and Sm/Yb ratios led to propose that the Kekem gabbro-norites have been derived from the partial melting of a garnet-spinel lherzolite mantle source. The negative Nb-Ta and Ti anomalies and the positive Pb anomalies indicate that this mantle source was modified by contribution of a subduction-related material. The low Ce/Pb (2.6-10.4) and Th/Yb ratios associated to high Ba/La ratios, indicate that source enrichment could be related to slab derived fluids. As a whole, the Kekem geochemical features suggest that primary gabbro-noritic magmas derived from a subduction-modified mantle source (metasomatised lithospheric mantle). Moderately high 86Sr/87Sr initial ratios (0.7068-0.7082), low ɛNd (-5 to -9) and old Nd TDM model ages (1.6-1.8 Ga) are interpreted to result from contamination of Neoproterozoic mantle by the Paleoproterozoic crust. The ca. 576 Ma movements along the CCSZ are related to a Neoproterozoic metacratonization of the northern margin of the Congo craton during the Pan-African orogeny. This metacratonization led to vertical planar lithospheric delamination along lithospheric transcurrent faults, asthenospheric uprise and partial melting of the Paleoproterozoic lithospheric mantle.

  4. Efeitos de doses e épocas de aplicação do bentazon na produção de duas cultivares de cebola (Allium cepa L. Effects of doses and time of application of bentazon on the yield of two onion cultivars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.H.T. Mascarenhas

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Em um solo aluvião eutrófico de classificação textural argilo siltoso, com 2,75% de M.O. foram estudados os efeitos de doses do herbicida bentazon (3 - isopropi l - 2,1,3 - benzotio-diazinona - (4 - 2,2 - dióxido aplicado em pós-emergência. no controle de plantas daninhas dicotiledôneas na cultura da cebola. O delineamento experimental adotado foi um fatorial 2 x 5 x 2 + 4. constituído por duas cultivares: 'Baia Pe ri forme' e 'Texas Grano': cinco épocas de aplicação do produto: aos 10, 20, 30, 40 e 50 dias após a emergência das plantas daninhas: duas doses de bentazon: 0,46kg. i.a./ha e 0,96 kg. i.a./ha e quatro tratamentos adicionais: 'Baia Periforme' capinada e sem capina e 'Texas Grano'. capinada e sem capina. . As plantas daninhas predominantes no experimento foram: botão -de-ouro (Galinsoga parviflora Cav., picão-preto (Bidens pilosa L., amendoim-bravo (Euphorbia prunifoiia Jacq.(, mostarda (Brassica campestris L., joá (Physalis angulata L. fedegoso (Cassia tora L.(, serralha falsa (Emilia sonchifolia (L . DC e mentruz (Lepidium virginicum L. Nas condições em que foi realizado o ensaio, o herbicida bentazon nas duas doses aplicadas mostrou-se eficiente no controle das plantas daninhas até 60 dias após o transplante. Nas doses empregadas o bentazon não apresentou efeito fitotóxico sobre a produção das cultivares 'Baia Periforme' e 'Texas Grano'.The effects of doses of the herbicide bentazon applied at post-emergence in the control of dycotiledonous weeds in onion crops were studied on a alluvial eutrophic soil with a clay silt texture. and 2.75%% of organic matter. The experiment was set according to a complete randomized design in a factorial arrangement of 2 x 5 x 2- 4 (two onion varieties: 'Bala Periforme' and 'Texas Grano': five herbicide application dates: 10. 20. 30, 40 and 50 days after emergence of the weeds: bentazon doses were 0,46g a.i./ha and 0.96 g a.i./ha: and four more tre atments: 'Baia Periforme

  5. Continuous measurements of N2O emissions from arable fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallman, Magdalena; Lammirato, Carlo; Rütting, Tobias; Delin, Sofia; Weslien, Per; Klemedtsson, Leif

    2017-04-01

    Agriculture represents 59 % of the anthropogenic nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, according to the IPCC (Ciais et al. 2013). N2O emissions are typically irregular and vary widely in time and space, which makes it difficult to get a good representation of the emissions (Henault et al. 2012), particularly if measurements have low frequency and/or cover only a short time period. Manual measurements are, for practical reasons, often short-term and low-frequent, or restricted to periods where emissions are expected to be high, e.g. after fertilizing. However, the nature of N2O emissions, being largely unpredictable, calls for continuous or near-continuous measurements over long time periods. So far, rather few long-term, high resolution measurements of N2O emissions from arable fields are reported; among them are Flessa et al. (2002) and Senapati et al. (2016). In this study, we have a two-year data set (2015-2017) with hourly measurements from ten automatic chambers, covering unfertilized controls as well as different nitrogen fertilizer treatments. Grain was produced on the field, and effects of tillage, harvest and other cropping measures were covered. What we can see from the experiment is that (a) the unfertilized control plots seem to follow the same emission pattern as the fertilized plots, at a level similar to the standard mineral fertilized plots (120 kg N ha-1 yr-1) and (b) freeze/thaw emissions are comparable in size to emissions after fertilizing. These two findings imply that the importance of fertilizing to the overall N2O emissions from arable soils may be smaller than previously expected. References: Ciais, P., C. Sabine, G. Bala, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, J. Canadell et al. 2013: Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung et

  6. Mo-mineralized porphyries are relatively hydrous and differentiated: insights from the Permian-Triassic granitic complex in the Baituyingzi Mo-Cu district, eastern Inner Mongolia, NE China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yan; Liu, Jianming; Zeng, Qingdong; Wang, Jingbin; Wang, Yuwang; Hu, Ruizhong; Zhou, Lingli; Wu, Guanbin

    2017-08-01

    Mo-Cu mineralization in the Baituyingzi district of eastern Inner Mongolia occurs within a granitic complex. This paper presents and discusses zircon U-Pb ages and whole-rock geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic data from the granitic complex as potential indicators for porphyry Mo fertility. The U-Pb ages indicate that five units of the granitic complex were emplaced between 265.2 ± 0.7 and 246.5 ± 1.0 Ma. Constrained by crosscutting dikes, Mo-Cu mineralization was probably related to the Baituyingzi monzogranite porphyry dated at 248.2 ± 0.64 Ma. The intrusions belong to high-K calc-alkaline to shoshonitic series that are characterized by highly fractionated rare earth element (REE) patterns and strong enrichments of large ion lithophile elements, relative to high-field strength elements. Apart from the ˜246-Ma dike that shows negative ɛNd ( t) values (-14.9 to -13.1), the intrusions have ɛNd( t) values ranging from -3.9 to 1.0, relatively young depleted mantle model ages (811 to 1183 Ma), 206Pb/204Pb of 18.137-18.335, and 207Pb/204Pb of 15.591-15.625, which are consistent with a juvenile lower crustal origin. Among the intrusions, the ˜248-Ma porphyry and the ˜246-Ma dike show adakite-like characteristics (e.g., Sr/Y = 44.9-185) and listric-shaped REE patterns that indicate amphibole fractionation and a hydrous magma source. However, the porphyry exhibits a higher differentiation index (81.4-91.5) and a steeper REE profile (e.g., LaN/YbN = 25.6-87.0) than those of the ˜246-Ma dike, which suggests that it is highly differentiated. We propose that the complex was generated by the partial melting of juvenile mafic lower crust (containing minor old crustal relicts) that was triggered by collision between the North China Craton and Siberian Craton. As indicated by the Th/Nb, Th/Yb, Ba/Th, and Ba/La ratios of the intrusions, the crust may have been derived from the melting of the fertile mantle wedge that was metasomatized by various amounts of slab

  7. Macroscópical morphology of deterioration of the stone in the Cathedral of Almería/Spain

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    Alcalde, M.

    1991-06-01

    bombardeos y ametrallamientos sufridos por el edificio durante la guerra civil. El único litotipo empleado en la construcción es una caliza dolomítica de elevada porosidad procedente de canteras próximas a la ciudad. Los principales mecanismos de alteración son los de incremento de volumen en capilares e intersticios, ligados a la presencia de sales, y los de disolución, dada la solubilidad de las sales de magnesio de constitución, que pueden producir la desdolomitización de la piedra. Esto conduce a unos indicadores de alteración con una morfología típica consistente en huecos en todas sus manifestaciones: picados, alveolizaciones y cavernas. La mayor degradación se da en las partes altas y bajas del edificio, allí donde los factores viento y humedad, respectivamente, son más intensos. La alteración antropogénica también toma, casi irónicamente, la forma de huecos, como los impactos de balas y obuses de la fachada Sur y las regolas practicadas para cables eléctricos en todo el edificio. Diversas restauraciones han introducido tensiones en los materiales que han conducido a decohesiones en diversos grados (desagregaciones, disgregaciones y arenizaciones en el interior del templo y en el claustro. El edificio se encuentra en un estado de alteración de cierta significación que esencialmente afecta a la estética del mismo. La velocidad del proceso degradativo observada en ciertas áreas del mismo, en particular en las restauradas, reclama actuaciones urgentes para su mantenimiento.

  8. On the linkages between the global carbon-nitrogen-phosphorus cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Katsumasa; Mackenzie, Fred; Bouchez, Julien; Knutti, Reto

    2013-04-01

    W, Brovkin V, Cadule P, Doney S, Eby M, Fung I, Bala G, John J, Jones C, Joos F, Kato T, Kawamiya M, Knorr W, Lindsay K, Matthews HD, Raddatz T, Rayner P, Reick C, Roeckner E, Schnitzler KG, Schnur R, Strassmann K, Weaver AJ, Yoshikawa C, Zeng N (2006) Climate-Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from the C4MIP Model Intercomparison. Journal of Climate, 19, 3337-3353. Mackenzie FT, De Carlo EH, Lerman A (2011) Coupled C, N, P, and O biogeochemical cycling at the land-ocean interface. In: Wolanski E, McLusky DS (eds) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science, vol 5. Academic Press, Waltham, pp 317-342. Thornton PE, Doney SC, Lindsay K, Moore JK, Mahowald N, Randerson JT, Fung I, Lamarque JF, Feddema JJ, Lee YH (2009) Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks: results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Biogeosciences, 6, 2099-2120. Ver LMB, Mackenzie FT, Lerman A (1999) Biogeochemical responses of the carbon cycle to natural and human perturbations: Past, present, and future. American Journal of Science, 299, 762-801.

  9. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of Rajahmundry trap basalts of Krishna-Godavari Basin, India

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    C. Manikyamba

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Rajahmundry Trap Basalts (RTB are erupted through fault-controlled fissures in the Krishna-Godavari Basin (K-G Basin of Godavari Triple Junction, occurring as a unique outcrop sandwiched between Cretaceous and Tertiary sediments along the east coast of India. Detailed geochemical studies have revealed that RTB are mid-Ti (1.74–1.92 to high-Ti (2.04–2.81 basalts with a distinct quartz tholeiitic parentage. MgO (6.2–13.12 wt.%, Mg# (29–50 and Zr (109–202 ppm suggest that these basalts evolved by fractional crystallization during the ascent of the parent magma along deep-seated fractures. Moderate to high fractionation of HREE, as indicated by (Gd/YbN ratios (1.71–2.31 of RTB, suggest their generation through 3–5% melting of a Fe-rich mantle corresponding to the stability fields of spinel and garnet peridotite at depths of 60–100 km. Low K2O/P2O5 (0.26–1.26, high TiO2/P2O5 (6.74–16.79, La/Nb (0.89–1.45, Nb/Th > 8 (8.35–13, negative anomalies at Rb reflect minimum contamination by granitic continental crust. (Nb/LaPM ratios (0.66–1.1 of RTB are attributed to endogenic contamination resulted through recycling of subducted oceanic slab into the mantle. Pronounced Ba enrichment with relative depletion in Rb indicates assimilation of Infra- and Inter-trappean sediments of estuarine to shallow marine character. Geochemical compositions such as Al2O3/TiO2 (3.88–6.83, medium to high TiO2 (1.74–2.81 wt.%, positive Nb anomalies and LREE enrichment of these RTB attest to their mantle plume origin and indicate the generation of parent magma from a plume-related enriched mantle source with EM I signature. Ba/Th (46–247, Ba/La (3.96–28.51 and Th/Nb (0.08–0.13 ratios suggest that the source enrichment process was marked by recycling of subduction-processed oceanic crust and lithospheric components into the mantle. Zr/Hf (37–41 and Zr/Ba (0.51–3.24 indicate involvement of an asthenospheric mantle source. The

  10. Introdução de alimentos industrializados e de alimentos de uso tradicional na dieta de crianças de creches públicas no município de São Paulo Introduction of processed and traditional foods to the diets of children attending public daycare centers in São Paulo, Brazil

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    Maysa Helena de Aguiar Toloni

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever e discutir a introdução de alimentos industrializados na dieta de crianças frequentadoras de berçários em creches, considerando a recomendação do Ministério da Saúde para uma alimentação saudável. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 270 crianças frequentadoras de berçários de 8 creches públicas e filantrópicas do município de São Paulo. Por meio de questionário estruturado e pré-codificado, foi avaliada a introdução de alimentos a partir de 11 perguntas. Para cada alimento analisado foi registrada a idade em meses de introdução e avaliada a concordância com o oitavo passo do Guia Alimentar. No estudo das associações, utilizou-se o teste Qui-quadrado, a partir das variáveis idade e escolaridade maternas, renda familiar e trabalho da mãe fora do lar. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostram que para aproximadamente 2/3 das crianças foram oferecidos, antes dos 12 meses, alimentos com potencial obesogênico, como macarrão instantâneo, salgadinhos, bolacha recheada, suco artificial, refrigerante e bala/pirulito/chocolate. São os filhos de mães com baixa escolaridade, mais jovens e com menor renda, os mais susceptíveis ao erro alimentar de introdução precoce de alimentos industrializados. CONCLUSÃO: Diante desses resultados, medidas educativas e preventivas devem ser propostas para a formação de hábitos alimentares saudáveis desde a infância, além da criação de campanhas abrangentes e efetivas que estimulem o consumo de frutas e hortaliças, considerando-se os fatores culturais, comportamentais e afetivos envolvidos com a alimentação.OBJECTIVE: This study described and discussed the introduction of processed foods to the diets of children attending the nurseries of daycare centers, considering the recommendation of the Ministry of Health for a healthy diet. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 270 children attending nurseries of eight public and not-for-profit daycare centers in S

  11. Along Axis Variability in the Sources of Eastern Gakkel Ridge Basalts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Y. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Langmuir, C. H.; Michael, P.

    2006-12-01

    The Gakkel Ridge is the ultra-slow global end-member among ocean ridges, with spreading rate decreasing progressively from ~15 mm/y (full rate) in the west near Greenland to ~6 mm/y at the Siberian margin in the east. Michael et al. (Nature 2003) divided the western 850km of the Gakkel Ridge (sampled by AMORE 2001) into three distinct regions: the magmatically robust Western and Eastern Volcanic Zones (WVZ and EVZ) and the magma-starved Sparsely Magmatic Zone. The EVZ, comprising the eastern ~350 km, displays the lowest spreading rate (decreasing eastward from 12.7 to 11.3 mm/y) in the sampled portion of the global ocean ridge system. There is no significant transform offsets along the Gakkel that could complicate interpretations of source or process variability along axis. Thus, effects on magma compositions derived from progressive changes in melting under ultra-slow conditions might be emphasized in the EVZ. Michael et al. (Nature 2003) showed that compared to the WVZ, EVZ lavas have higher Na8.0, indicating lower extents of melting, and low SiO2 at high Fe8.0, indicating greater segregation depths and consistent with a thicker lithospheric lid. Here we focus on along axis chemical variability in the EVZ. Nd and Hf isotope ratios decrease progressively eastward in on-axis lavas, signaling greater time-integrated incompatible element enrichment in the mantle magma sources. Off-axis lavas follow the same decreasing trends, although with more variability. In addition, eastward increasing Tb/Yb and Dy/Yb suggest an increasing effect of melting with residual garnet. The range in Tb/Yb and Dy/Yb also increases eastward, with the easternmost region of the EVZ (66°E to 85°E) showing the largest garnet signature and the greatest variability. Incompatible element ratios also show progressive changes, with eastward decreasing Ba/La, Ba/Ti, K/Ti, Th/La, La/Sm, Nb/La indicating greater present-day depletions in trace elements toward the east. Taken together, the Nd

  12. Hábito alimentar de escolares adolescentes de um município do oeste do Paraná Food habits of adolescent students from a municipality in western Paraná, Brazil

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    Marcia Cristina Dalla Costa

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo objetivou identificar o padrão de consumo alimentar de 2562 escolares de 14 a 19 anos das escolas urbanas, públicas e particulares, do município de Toledo, Paraná, bem como os fatores associados à classe econômica e ao sexo. MÉTODOS: Para caracterizar o consumo alimentar utilizou-se Questionário de Freqüência de Consumo Alimentar validado. A análise estatística foi realizada seguindo os grupos da pirâmide alimentar, e as associações das variáveis foram realizadas pelo teste Qui-quadrado com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Os alimentos que apresentaram maior consumo em cada grupo foram: pão e arroz, alface e tomate, banana e laranja, leite integral e desnatado, carne de gado e frango, feijão, margarina e maionese, açúcar e balas/doces. A associação da freqüência de consumo com a renda familiar foi significante entre os mais pobres para os grupos dos pães, cereais, raízes e tubérculos, das leguminosas e dos óleos e gorduras. Entre os mais ricos encontram-se os grupos das hortaliças, das frutas, dos leites e produtos lácteos. Quanto ao sexo, as meninas consomem mais alimentos dos grupos das hortaliças e dos açúcares e doces, já entre os meninos prevalece o consumo de leite, leguminosas, óleos e gorduras. CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados mostram diferença de consumo entre os sexos e sugerem que a renda famíliar associa-se ao consumo alimentar dos escolares.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the food intake patterns of 2562 students aging from 14 to 19 years from public and private schools of the municipality of Toledo, Paraná, Brazil. Associations between intake patterns and gender and intake patterns and social class were also investigated. METHODS: A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to characterize food intake. Statistical analysis was based on the food guide pyramid and the variables associated with the chi-square test, using a significance

  13. Escavações arqueológicas na praça 7 de Setembro e arredores – Rio Grande, RS, Brasil

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    Pedro Augusto Mentz Ribeiro

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho buscou encontrar vestígios materiais que auxiliem na localização do Forte Jesus, Maria, José, marco da colonização portuguesa no Rio Grande do Sul. Em julho de 2002, janeiro, fevereiro e novembro de 2003, a equipe do Laboratório de Ensino e Pesquisa em Antropologia e Arqueologia – LEPAN realizou quatro cortes experimentais e escavações, resultando na obtenção de relativa quantidade de material e a constatação de quatro camadas estratigráficas, a última representando o século XX, as duas seguintes o XIX e a primeira, o XVIII. Na base de um dos cortes experimentais foi revelada uma estrutura de mais ou menos 1,0m de largura, formada por seixos rolados ou fragmentos de rochas irregulares, com 10cm em média cada um. As escavações, então, direcionaram-se no sentido de verificar sua forma e dimensões. Tratava-se de uma construção ou paliçada quase circular com 8,60 x 8,80m internamente, que protegia, no seu interior, um poço (cacimba? com 3,00 x 2,60m. Conforme os dados históricos, este foi o primeiro que abasteceu a cidade e os ocupantes do Forte Jesus, Maria, José, nas proximidades. A praça anteriormente denominava-se Praça do Poço. No estacionamento localizado na esquina das ruas Fernando Duprat e República do Líbano e ainda num terreno contíguo na última rua também foram realizadas escavações. A área total escavada é de aproximadamente 300m² e a profundidade média de 1,20m. Material recolhido: ósseo (restos de alimentação, botões, escova de dente, etc.; metal (moedas dos séculos XVIII ao XX do Brasil e, ainda, dos Estados Unidos e Holanda, balas de chumbo, chaves, baioneta, grilhão, etc.; lítico (pedras utilizadas em estruturas; cerâmica (neobrasileira, colonial, colonial vidrada; louça (faiança portuguesa, faiança fina inglesa, salt glazed, biscuit [cachimbos holandeses]; vidro (fragmentos de garrafas, vidros de remédio e perfumaria, vidraças, etc.. O material recolhido ao

  14. The vulnerability of organic matter in Swiss forest soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Domínguez, Beatriz; Niklaus, Pascal A.; Studer, Mirjam S.; Hagedorn, Frank; Wacker, Lukas; Haghipour, Negar; Zimmermann, Stephan; Walthert, Lorenz; Abiven, Samuel; McIntyre, Cameron

    2017-04-01

    that best explained the variability of SOC vulnerability, with alkaline soils being the most vulnerable. This could be explained by the strongest adsorption of nitrogen organic compounds to minerals at lower pH [5]. We conclude that in temperate forests, the control that soil properties exert on SOC dynamics might outweigh the control of climate. Therefore, soil properties should be appropriately represented in Earth system models to obtain more realistic projections under different climate scenarios. 1. Ciais P, Sabine C, Bala G, Bopp L, Brovkin V, Canadell J, et al. Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles. Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner G-K, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, et al., editors. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA; 2013. 2. Luo Y, Ahlström A, Allison SD, Batjes NH, Brovkin V, Carvalhais N, et al. Toward more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models. Global Biogeochem Cycles. 2016;30: 40-56. doi:10.1002/2015GB005239 3. Wollum A, Gomez J. A conductivity method for measuring microbially evolved carbon dioxide. Ecology. 1970;51: 155-156. doi:10.2307/1933610 4. Raich JW, Tufekciogul A. Vegetation and soil respiration: Correlations and controls. Biogeochemistry. 2000;48: 71-90. doi:10.1023/A:1006112000616 5. Yu WH, Li N, Tong DS, Zhou CH, Lin CX (Cynthia), Xu CY. Adsorption of proteins and nucleic acids on clay minerals and their interactions: A review. Appl Clay Sci. 2013;80-81: 443-452. doi:10.1016/j.clay.2013.06.003

  15. Subduction factory in an ampoule: Experiments on sediment-peridotite interaction under temperature gradient conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodland, A. B.; Bulatov, V. K.; Brey, G. P.; Girnis, A. V.; Höfer, H. E.; Gerdes, A.

    2018-02-01

    , Rb, Sr and Li are much more mobile than REE and HFSE, which results in high Ba/La, Ba/Nb, Sr/Nb etc. (fluid metasomatism). At higher temperatures in the sediment layer, the melt is markedly enriched in Ba, Rb, Sr, LREE and U relative to Ti, MREE and HREE. Negative Nb-Ta and Zr-Hf anomalies in melts are caused by the retention of rutile, zircon and humite-group minerals in the solid residue. Thermodiffusion may affect the ratios of some highly incompatible elements (e.g., Ta/La). Possible applications of the results to natural deep subduction are discussed in view of variations in mineral assemblages and trace element ratios.

  16. INTOXICAÇÃO EXPERIMENTAL PELAS SEMENTES TRITURADAS DE Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae EM COELHOS

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    Brito Marilene de Farias

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available As sementes trituradas de Ricinus communis, administradas em doses únicas por sonda intragástrica a coelhos causou graves sintomas de intoxicação com êxito letal nos três coelhos que receberam a dose de 2 g/kg e em um dos quatro que receberam 1 g/kg. Os outros três coelhos que receberam 1g/kg desenvolveram sintomas discretos a moderados e se recuperaram, e os três que receberam 0,5g/kg só mostraram sintomas discretos. O período entre a administração das sementes e a morte ou recuperação variou de 12h47min a 68h08min, e de 3 a 6 dias, respectivamente. Os primeiros sintomas após a administração das sementes, foram observados dentro de cerca 8 horas nos casos letais e nos animais que adoeceram moderadamente, e dentro de cerca 24 horas nos casos com sintomatogia discreta. A evolução da intoxicação variou de 4 a 56 horas nos casos letais e de 2 a 5 meio dias nos casos de recuperação. A sintomatologia consistiu principalmente de perturbações digestivas. Os animais apresentaram inapetência até anorexia. As fezes geralmente eram escassas, com forma e tamanho das síbalas alteradas, eram escuras, às vezes pastosas, com muco. Havia nítidas manifestações de cólica. Os achados de necropsia mais evidentes foram constatados no intestino delgado e ceco. O conteúdo destes segmentos do intestino era líquido. A parede do intestino delgado apresentou congestão e edema e havia fibrina recobrindo a mucosa sob forma de pseudomembranas, ou na luz intestinal sob forma de flocos e/ou filamentos. No ceco havia edema da mucosa como também congestão da parede e fibrina aderida à mucosa ou encontrada em flocos e/ou filamentos no conteúdo. As alterações histológicas mais importantes foram verificadas no intestino delgado e ceco. No intestino delgado observou-se necrose de coagulação associada a congestão/hemorragias na mucosa. Havia ainda congestão/hemorragias e edema na submucosa. Lesões semelhantes foram vistas no ceco onde

  17. Bolivia: A Gasified Democracy

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    Willem Assies

    2004-04-01

    transiciones democráticas latinoamericanas  que afirmaban que la democracia boliviana estaba  en camino hacia la consolidación y sugieren que  las investigaciones recientes acerca de la calidad  de la democracia en América Latina señalan nuevas pautas para repensar la democracia en la región. Tomando tales evaluaciones como punto de  referencia este artículo describe la ‘guerra del gas’  y examina la forma de funcionar de la democracia  boliviana durante las últimas décadas. Se argumentará que la ‘democracia pactada’, que durante  este período aseguró la institucionalidad, y el  modelo económico adoptado en 1985, excluyeron  a importantes sectores de la población, tanto en  términos políticos cómo en lo que se refiere al  alivio de la pobreza y la equidad. Protestas crecientes fueron reprimidas con una violencia  igualmente creciente, lo que paulatinamente convirtió a Bolivia en una ‘democradura’ o una ‘democracia gasificada’ – que necesita de gas lacrimógeno y balas para sustentarse. De momento, el país se encuentra en un cruce de caminos; o se reinventa la democracia o se institucionaliza la  ‘democradura’.

  18. Vigilância de fatores de risco para doenças não transmissíveis entre adolescentes: a experiência da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Surveillance of risk factors for non-communicable diseases among adolescents: the experience in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta métodos e resultados da implantação de sistema de vigilância de fatores de risco para doenças não transmissíveis entre adolescentes. Uma amostra (n = 1.699 probabilística de alunos de oitava série do ensino fundamental da rede pública municipal de ensino do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, respondeu a questionário autopreenchido anônimo sobre consumo alimentar, atividade física, atividades sedentárias de lazer e consumo de cigarro. Estimativas de prevalência dos fatores de risco foram calculadas para o total da amostra e segundo sexo. Taxas de não resposta variaram de 0,2% a 13,4%. Foram observados: baixo consumo de frutas (45,8% e hortaliças (20% e 16,5% para saladas e legumes cozidos, consumo freqüente de refrigerantes (36,7%, balas e doces (46,7%, grande quantidade de horas alocadas em frente à TV, computador ou videogame (71,7% alocam pelo menos 4h/dia nestas atividades, baixa freqüência de prática regular de atividade física (40% e prevalência de 6,4% de fumantes. Meninas apresentaram menores índices de atividade física e maiores de consumo de cigarro. O sistema testado mostrou-se factível e indicou prevalências relevantes de fatores de risco para doenças não transmissíveis.This paper presents the methodology and results of the implementation of a Surveillance System for Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors in Adolescents. A random sample of 8th-grade students (n = 1,684 enrolled in municipal schools in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was studied. Students were asked to complete a confidential questionnaire on food consumption, physical activity, sedentary leisure-time activities, and tobacco consumption. Prevalence estimates of risk factors were calculated for the entire sample and by gender. Non-response rates ranged from 1.1 to 8.9%. The findings included low consumption of fruits (45.8% and vegetables (20.0% and 16.5% for salads and cooked vegetables, respectively, regular consumption of soft

  19. Crustal contributions to arc magmatism in the Andes of Central Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildreth, W.; Moorbath, S.

    1988-01-01

    Fifteen andesite-dacite stratovolcanoes on the volcanic front of a single segment of the Andean arc show along-arc changes in isotopic and elemental ratios that demonstrate large crustal contributions to magma genesis. All 15 centers lie 90 km above the Benioff zone and 280??20 km from the trench axis. Rate and geometry of subduction and composition and age of subducted sediments and seafloor are nearly constant along the segment. Nonetheless, from S to N along the volcanic front (at 57.5% SiO2) K2O rises from 1.1 to 2.4 wt %, Ba from 300 to 600 ppm, and Ce from 25 to 50 ppm, whereas FeO*/MgO declines from >2.5 to 1.4. Ce/Yb and Hf/Lu triple northward, in part reflecting suppression of HREE enrichment by deep-crustal garnet. Rb, Cs, Th, and U contents all rise markedly from S to N, but Rb/Cs values double northward - opposite to prediction were the regional alkali enrichment controlled by sediment subduction. K/Rb drops steeply and scatters greatly within many (biotite-free) andesitic suites. Wide diversity in Zr/Hf, Zr/Rb, Ba/Ta, and Ba/La within and among neighboring suites (which lack zircon and alkali feldspar) largely reflects local variability of intracrustal (not slab or mantle) contributions. Pb-isotope data define a limited range that straddles the Stacey-Kramers line, is bracketed by values of local basement rocks, in part plots above the field of Nazca plate sediment, and shows no indication of a steep (mantle+sedimentary) Pb mixing trend. 87Sr/86Sr values rise northward from 0.7036 to 0.7057, and 143Nd/144Nd values drop from 0.5129 to 0.5125. A northward climb in basal elevation of volcanic-front edifices from 1350 m to 4500 m elevation coincides with a Bougueranomaly gradient from -95 to -295 mgal, interpreted to indicate thickening of the crust from 30-35 km to 50-60 km. Complementary to the thickening crust, the mantle wedge beneath the front thins northward from about 60 km to 30-40 km (as slab depth is constant). The thick northern crust contains

  20. Effectiveness and gastrointestinal tolerability during conversion and titration with once-daily OROS® hydromorphone extended release in opioid-tolerant patients with chronic low back pain

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    Hale ME

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Martin E Hale,1 Srinivas R Nalamachu,2 Arif Khan,3 Michael Kutch4,* 1Gold Coast Research, LLC, Weston, FL, USA; 2International Clinical Research Institute, Overland Park, KS, USA; 3MedNorthwest Clinical Research Center, Bellevue, WA, USA; Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA; 4Applied Clinical Intelligence, LLC, Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA *Affiliation at the time this work was completed. Michael Kutch is currently affiliated with Cytel Inc, Chesterbrook, PA, USA Purpose: To describe the efficacy and safety of hydromorphone extended-release tablets (OROS hydromorphone ER during dose conversion and titration. Patients and methods: A total of 459 opioid-tolerant adults with chronic moderate to severe low back pain participated in an open-label, 2- to 4-week conversion/titration phase of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal trial, conducted at 70 centers in the United States. Patients were converted to once-daily OROS hydromorphone ER at 75% of the equianalgesic dose of their prior total daily opioid dose (5:1 conversion ratio, and titrated as frequently as every 3 days to a maximum dose of 64 mg/day. The primary outcome measure was change in pain intensity numeric rating scale; additional assessments included the Patient Global Assessment and the Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire scores. Safety assessments were performed at each visit and consisted of recording and monitoring all adverse events (AEs and serious AEs. Results: Mean (standard deviation final daily dose of OROS hydromorphone ER was 37.5 (17.8 mg. Mean (standard error of the mean [SEM] numeric rating scale scores decreased from 6.6 (0.1 at screening to 4.3 (0.1 at the final titration visit (mean [SEM] change, -2.3 [0.1], representing a 34.8% reduction. Mean (SEM change in Patient Global Assessment was -0.6 (0.1, and mean change (SEM in the Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire was -2.8 (0.3. Patients achieving a stable dose showed greater improvement

  1. Produção de isomaltulose a partir da transformação enzimática da sacarose, utilizando-se Erwinia sp D12 imobilizada com alginato de cálcio Production of isomaltulose from enzymatic transformation of sucrose, using Erwinia sp D12 immobilized with calcium alginate

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    Ana Lúcia Leite Moraes

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A glicosiltransferase de Erwinia sp D12 é capaz de converter a sacarose em isomaltulose (6-o-alfa-glicopiranosil D-frutofuranose, um açúcar alternativo que apresenta baixo potencial cariogênico, e que pode ser utilizado em chocolates, gomas de mascar e balas. A isomaltulose é também utilizada na produção de isomalte, uma mistura de açúcar álcool, de baixo valor calórico e baixo potencial cariogênico. No estudo da influência dos componentes do meio de cultivo, na produção de glicosiltransferase, em frascos agitados, foi obtido maior atividade da enzima (12,8 unidades de atividade/mL do meio de cultura em meio de cultura A constituído de melaço 12% (p/v de sólidos solúveis totais, peptona 4% (p/v e extrato de carne 0,4% (p/v. No estudo do efeito do tempo e da temperatura na fermentação da linhagem de Erwinia sp D12, em fermentador New Brunswick de 3L, contendo meio de cultura A, foi obtida maior atividade de glicosiltransferase (15,6 unidades de atividade/ mL de meio de cultura na fase exponencial de crescimento após 8 horas de fermentação a 30ºC. Na produção de isomaltulose a partir da sacarose utilizando-se células de Erwinia sp D12 imobilizadas em alginato de cálcio, estudou-se o efeito da temperatura (25 - 35ºC e da concentração de substrato (12,5 - 60% p/v. Foi obtido um rendimento em torno de 50% de isomaltulose, com soluções de sacarose entre 20-30% (p/v a 35ºC. Concentrações em excesso de sacarose (ao redor de 40% p/v afetaram a atividade da célula imobilizada, diminuindo a conversão de sacarose em isomaltulose. O xarope de isomaltulose foi purificado através de cromatografia de troca iônica e o eluato cristalizado por abaixamento de temperatura. Os cristais apresentaram 91,39% de isomaltulose.The glucosyltransferase of Erwinia sp D12 is able to convert sucrose into isomaltulose (6-0-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructofuranose, an alternative sugar which presents low cariogenic potential, and can be

  2. Dragons in the mist: three new species of Pseudocalotes Fitzinger (Squamata: Agamidae) from the sky island archipelago of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grismer, L Lee; Quah, Evan S H; Wood, Perry L Jr; Anuar, Shahrul; Muin, Abdul; Davis, Hayden R; Murdoch, Matthew L; Grismer, Jesse L; Cota, Michael; Cobos, Anthony J

    2016-07-07

    the third toe not modified; subdigital scales not unicarinate; HW/HL 0.62; no white marking below the eye; dewlap in males yellow; and no elbow or knee patches. Pseudocalotes rhaegal sp. nov. most likely occurs in syntopy with P. flavigula in Tanah Rata at Cameron Highlands and its discovery adds to a growing body of literature detailing the recent descriptions of several new, upland, closely related, sympatric species in Peninsular Malaysia. Another new population referred to here as Pseudocalotes sp. nov. from the Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary, Betong District, Yala Province, Thailand is discussed. The discovery and description of these three new Pseudocalotes from the upland regions of Peninsular Malaysia continues to underscore the remarkably high herpetological diversity and ecological complexity in this sky island archipelago that is still underestimated, unappreciated, and unprotected.

  3. Nef‛î Divanında Gönül Heart in the Dȋvȃn of Nef‛ȋ’

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    Münire Nurefşan KAPAL

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Heart is one of the most common subject which place at Turkish Classical Literature of poetry’s Divan. The concept not only of Classical Literature, but also Folk Literature and oral culture among the topics deal with a lot of culture. İf there are love and lover in the beyit, heart of the lover absolutely take place in the world of the word at the same time. The poet who lived in the first half of the seventeeth century and found fame as a teacher of ode Nef‛î has included the concepts and comparisons in his Dîvân. The word, there are more than in the ghazals. The poet who wrote poetry in general, for the Sultan and statesmen, using exaggerated and a style full of praise; but in his ghazals he writes classic ghazal style and tells as to be in love and enthusiastic words. In his Dîvân, there is no mystical maning of this word. Heart which deal with a variety of interest of the meaning is extased, in love and a mirror showing the beauty lover. In this article, detail definitions of heart concept with various sources will be analyzed together with meanings of words and evaluated by statistical methods. Gönül, klasik edebiyat şairlerinin, divanlarında en çok rastlanan ve işlenen konularından biridir. Kavram sedece klasik edebiyatın değil, halk edebiyatının ve sözlü kültür sahasının da çok işlediği konular arasındadır. Aşk ve âşıklık söz konusu olduğu zaman elbette âşığın gönlü de beyitlerin kelime dünyasında hemen yerini alır. Bu itibarla hangi klasik edebiyat şairinin divanına bakılsa, hemen hemen hepsinde gönül kavramına ait mecazlar ve mazmunlar bulunduğu görülür. XVII. yüzyılın ilk yarısında yaşamış ve bir kaside üstadı olarak şöhret bulmuş olan şair Nef‛î, divanında gönülle ilgili kavram ve benzetmelere yer vermiştir. Kelime, geçiş sıklığı itbariyle daha çok gazellerde yer alır. Kasidelerini genel olarak padişah ve devlet adamlarına ithafen yazan ve mübala

  4. Estudo epidemiológico dos traumas raquimedulares por projétil de arma de fogo no hospital geral do estado da Bahia Estudio epidemiológico del trauma de la médula espinal por proyectil de arma de fuego en el hospital geral do estado da Bahia Epidemiological study of trauma of spinal cord trauma by a projectile of firearm in the hospital geral do estado da Bahia

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    Maurício Guimarães Pimentel

    2012-12-01

    94,78% no mostró mejoría cuando dados de alta. Los pacientes con lesión medular incompleta mostraron resultados neurológicos en 94,59% de los operados. CONCLUSIONES: No se encontró significación estadística de la mejoría neurológica en respeto a los procedimientos quirúrgicos realizados en pacientes que sufren de heridas de bala en la columna vertebral.OBJECTIVE: Conduct a survey of epidemiological data in medical records, assessing the neurological outcome of patients who suffered gunshot injuries in the spine during hospitalization and who underwent surgery between 1991 and 2010. METHODS: The data were tabulated through descriptive statistics, looking for statistical significance between the neurological improvement and the surgical procedures for each individual case. Of the 290 patients operated on, 115 were admitted to the HGE with clinical sensory and motor paralysis, representing 39.66% of the total, being patients Frankel A the most prevalent in our series. RESULTS: These patients had less possibility of reversal of neurological deficits, with 94.78% showing no improvement at discharge. Patients with incomplete spinal cord injury presented neurological outcome in 94.59% of those operated on. CONCLUSION: There was no statistical significance for the neurological outcome in relation to the surgical procedures performed on patients suffering gunshot injuries in the spine.

  5. К проблеме западнобалтийского субстрата в югозападной Литве

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    Bronys Savukynas

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available ZUM PROBLEM DES WESTBALTISCHEN SUBSTRATS IN SÜDWESTLITAUEN(ZusammenfassungVorliegender Beitrag setzt sich das Ziel, jatwingisches Namengut, das von einigen For­schern für spezifisch jatwingisch erklärt wird — also gewisse linguistische Erläuterungen von ON/GN, — unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Erforschung einer Sprache als System zu betrachten. Außerdem bemühen wir uns, die Tauglichkeit einiger Methoden für die Substratsforschung zu prüfen.Wir versuchen die GN Bil̃sas und Dùlgas (die nach J. Otrębski gerade den slawischen Ur­formen von Appellativa bĕlesy und *dъlgъ bzw. *dьlgъ entsprechen sollen etymologisch neu zu erklären, wobei die Beziehungen innerhalb des Systems der baltischen Hydronymie berück­sichtigt werden. Die Übereinstimmungen zwischen Bl̃tsas sowie Dùlgas und anderen GN im gemeinbaltischen Bereich erlauben zu folgern, daß diese beiden Bezeichnungen zum urbaltischen Stratum gehören und keine spezifisch jatwingischen Eigenschaften aufweisen.Es wird bewiesen, daß der GN Bil̃sas in Ablautsbeziehungen zu den GN Bálsis, Bal̃sė und Bélzgis steht und von den Appellativa lit. bãlas, báltas, bal̃svas und balà bzw. belà etymolo­gisch ununterscheidbar ist.Der GN Dùlgas ist u. E. etymologisch mit der baltischen hydronymischen Wurzel dul-verknüpft, die verschieden erweitert (dul-b-, dul-k, dul-v und dul-g- und ebenfalls von den Appel­lativa lit. dū̃liava, dū̃lis, dul̃kas, dulvė́ti, let. duls, duļķains, duļķe ununterscheidbar ist. So stellt denn der GN Dúlgas keine Entsprechung der slaw. Appellativa *dъlgъ bzw. *dьlgъ dar.Das Gesagte dient als Beweis dafür, daß die erwähnten GN keine jatwingisch-slawischen, sondern baltisch-slawische Isolexe zeigen.Die Etymologien von den obigen und anderen (Alnà, Kirsnà GN offenbaren die beschränk­te Tauglichkeit der lexikologischen Methoden für die Erforschung der Substrats-Superstrats-Beziehungen zwischen nahe verwandten Sprachen

  6. Book Reviews

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    Redactie KITLV

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available -Monika Arnez, Keith Foulcher ,Clearing a space; Postcolonial readings of modern Indonesian literature. Leiden: KITlV Press, 2002, 381 pp. [Verhandelingen 202.], Tony Day (eds -R.H. Barnes, Thomas Reuter, The house of our ancestors; Precedence and dualism in highland Balinese society. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002, viii + 359 pp. [Verhandelingen 198.] -Freek Colombijn, Adriaan Bedner, Administrative courts in Indonesia; A socio-legal study. The Hague: Kluwer law international, 2001, xiv + 300 pp. [The London-Leiden series on law, administration and development 6.] -Manuelle Franck, Peter J.M. Nas, The Indonesian town revisited. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian studies, 2002, vi + 428 pp. [Southeast Asian dynamics.] -Hans Hägerdal, Ernst van Veen, Decay or defeat? An inquiry into the Portuguese decline in Asia 1580-1645. Leiden: Research school of Asian, African and Amerindian studies, 2000, iv + 306 pp. [Studies on overseas history, 1.] -Rens Heringa, Genevieve Duggan, Ikats of Savu; Women weaving history in eastern Indonesia. Bangkok: White Lotus, 2001, xiii + 151 pp. [Studies in the material culture of Southeast Asia 1.] -August den Hollander, Kees Groeneboer, Een vorst onder de taalgeleerden; Herman Nuebronner van der Tuuk; Afgevaardigde voor Indië van het Nederlandsch Bijbelgenootschap 1847-1873; Een bronnenpublicatie. Leiden: KITlV Uitgeverij, 2002, 965 pp. -Edwin Jurriëns, William Atkins, The politics of Southeast Asia's new media. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002, xii + 235 pp. -Victor T. King, Poline Bala, Changing border and identities in the Kelabit highlands; Anthropological reflections on growing up in a Kelabit village near an international frontier. Kota Samarahan, Sarawak: Unit Penerbitan Universiti Malayasia Sarawak, Institute of East Asian studies, 2002, xiv + 142 pp. [Dayak studies contemporary society series 1.] -Han Knapen, Bernard Sellato, Innermost Borneo; Studies in Dayak cultures. Singapore: Singapore University Press

  7. Présentation du volume

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    Ana Zwitter Vitez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans de nombreuses disciplines scientifiques, le discours parlé représente depuis quelques décennies un objet de recherche proéminent. Ce fait s’explique probablement par deux caractéristiques principales du discours parlé: la structure complexe de sa matérialité et les fonctions variées de différentes pratiques langagières. C’est pourquoi le présent numéro réunit les articles basés sur les approches actuelles du discours parlé et sur les pratiques langagières spécifiques. Le volume est introduit par deux articles interdisciplinaires: Peter Garrard et Ahmed Samrah présentent le domaine de la pathologie du langage en donnant une revue fouillée sur les approches actuelles de l’analyse linguistique lors de la détection de la maladie d’Alzheimer, tandis que Harry Hollien donne un aperçu structuré sur le domaine de la phonétique judiciaire destiné à dévoiler l’identité des locuteurs et de détecter la déception dans le discours parlé. Les analyses explorant l’acquisition du langage commencent par l’article de Katharina Zipser qui examine la progression de structures grammaticales en les mettant en comparaison avec la compétence des apprenants et continuent par l’étude de Meta Lah proposant une évaluation des documents audiovisuels proposés aux apprenants de langue étrangère. Vesna Požgaj Hadži, Damir Horga et Tatjana Balažic Bulc remettent en question la corrélation entre la compétence linguistique et la fluence linguistique auprès de locuteurs non-maternels et l'analyse de Gemma Santiago Alonso aborde l'acquisition de l'article défini dans le langage enfantin. Les articles suivants se réunissent autour du domaine de l'interprétation: Jana Zidar Forte présente une approche actuelle dans l'entrainement d'interprètes, Lea Burjan analyse les phénomènes issus de la pratique de l'interprétation juridique et Simona  Šumrada traite de la reformulation dans le discours de la traduction et de

  8. Coţofeni-Kostolac culture on the territory of north-eastern Serbia

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    Kapuran Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    Djerdap hinterland. The fourth shared characteristic which links these settlements is their dominant position in the landscape. Given that their position and appearance are readily visible from a considerable distance, they probably were not used for hiding, but for making their position prominent. We suppose that pastoral communities emphasized in this manner their control of mountain crosspass and roads, particularly in places where rivers exit narrow canyons in important communications paths to the Crni and Beli Timok, Pek and Danuber rivers. The other Coţofeni-Kostolac type settlement on the territory of north-eastern Serbia is represented by settlements that are positioned on smaller hills or on gentle slopes that on the average range between 336 and 210 m above sea level. The only fortified hill fort settlement discovered so far, Čoka lu Balaš near Krivelj (Map 1/3 belongs to this group. The archaeological sites Velika Čuka i Neresnica (Map 1/23, Smiljkova glavica in Štubik (Map 1/31 and Ćetaće in Kovilovo (Map 1/38 are located on wide and flat, elevated plateaus that dominate up on river valleys. Judging by the considerable surface that they occupy, their position and surroundings for these two settlements, we can suppose that they could have been used for wintering places or points for gathering of flocks and shepherds during pauses between seasonal migrations. They are primarily characterized by the natural surroundings of smaller hills and larger river valleys, as well as the relatively low above sea level elevation on which they are located. Such “seasonal stations or checkpoints” on which larger groups of shepherds could gather with their flocks during the winter months represented important locations in the lives of pastoral communities. During the warm summer period, homesteads with stable architecture are abandoned because of migrations into mountain areas, where favourable grazing areas area located. Certain groups of shepherds during autumn