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Sample records for nephroma infantile renal

  1. Cellular mesoblastic nephroma (infantile renal fibrosarcoma): institutional review of the clinical, diagnostic imaging, and pathologic features of a distinctive neoplasm of infancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayindir, Petek [Ege University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology, Izmir (Turkey); Guillerman, Robert Paul [Texas Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States); Hicks, M.J. [Texas Children' s Hospital, Department of Pathology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States); Chintagumpala, M.M. [Texas Children' s Hospital, Department of Hematology-Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States)

    2009-10-15

    Cellular mesoblastic nephroma has been associated with a more aggressive course than classic mesoblastic nephroma, including local recurrences and metastases. To define the clinicopathologic and imaging features distinguishing cellular from classic mesoblastic nephroma. Retrospective review of clinical charts and imaging studies of ten children with mesoblastic nephroma from 1996 to 2007 at a large children's hospital. In six children the mesoblastic nephroma was pure cellular, in two mixed, and in two classic. The mean ages at diagnosis were 107 days for those with the cellular form, and 32 days for those with the classic form. Hypoechoic or low-attenuation regions representing necrosis or hemorrhage were found in all children with the cellular form and in none of those with the classic form. Hypertension was present in 70% and hypercalcemia in 20% of the children and resolved following nephrectomy. Two cellular tumors encased major abdominal vessels. Local recurrence and metastases occurred within 6 months of tumor resection in two children with the cellular form. Intraspinal extension and intratumoral pseudoaneurysm were seen in one child with the cellular form. The cellular tumors shared histopathologic features with infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS), and RT-PCR testing in two children with the cellular form revealed the t(12;15) ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion common to IFS. Distinct from the classic form, cellular mesoblastic nephroma is more heterogeneous in appearance on imaging, tends to be larger and present later in infancy, and can exhibit aggressive behavior including vascular encasement and metastasis. Intraspinal extension and intratumoral pseudoaneurysm are previously unreported findings encountered in our cellular mesoblastic nephroma series. The shared histopathology and translocation gene fusion support the concept of cellular mesoblastic nephroma as the renal form of IFS. (orig.)

  2. Pediatric Multilocular Cystic Nephroma Extending into the Renal Pelvis and Ureter

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    Hasan Serkan Doğan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Multilocular cystic nephroma (MCN is a rare tumor at the most benign end of the spectrum of the multilocular cystic neplasms of kidney. Nephrectomy is curative for MCN. In this case-report, we present a 16-month-old girl with a 10x15 cm multilocular cystic renal tumor extending into the renal pelvis and proximal ureter on the right side demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging. Nephrectomy was performed. The pathology was completely consistent with MCN.

  3. Ultrasound Imaging of Cystic Nephroma

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    Federico Greco

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Cystic nephroma is a rare, benign multicystic lesion of the kidney. This tumor occurs both in children and in adults. In children, it is highly prevalent in males; in adults, it is more frequent in women. The term “cystic nephroma” represents two apparently different entities: pediatric cystic nephroma, a benign form thought to originate from metanephric tissue, and adult cystic nephroma, considered as a lesion of mixed epithelial stromal tumor. The clinical presentation may be a palpable mass or nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain, hematuria, and urinary tract infections. In this review, we summarize the ultrasound imaging features of cystic nephroma and describe the characteristics of the most common renal cystic lesions and the differential diagnosis of cystic nephroma with other renal cystic lesions.

  4. Adult Mesoblastic Nephroma: ACase ReportAdult Mesoblastic Nephroma: A Case Report

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    Ghasem Sadeghi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Mesoblastic nephroma is a rare entity in adulthood. We report a case of mesoblastic nephroma in a 35-year-old woman who presented with left flank pain. Computed tomography images favored a soft tissue mass in the upper pole of the left kidney. The lesion was excised and sent for pathological analysis. Pathological and immunohisto-chemical studies favored a diagnosis of mesoblastic nephroma.

  5. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma with distant metastasis in a premature twin gestation

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    Douglas E. James

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN is a rare renal tumor of infancy. Here, we present a case of CMN presenting in a 29 week premature male in a twin gestation. An abdominal mass had been noted on prenatal ultrasound. He was initially treated with right radical nephrectomy. Pathology was consistent with cellular type CMN. Three months postoperatively, the patient developed pulmonary metastasis and underwent wedge resection of the right lung lesion. He subsequently underwent adjuvant chemotherapy, to which he has responded well. We discuss the presentation and management of patients with CMN and address the indications for postoperative chemotherapy.

  6. Radiological Manifestations of Mesoblastic Nephroma; Manifestaciones radiologicas del nefroma mesoblastico

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    Muro, D.; Sanguesa, C.; Brugger, S.; Moreno, A.; Castell, V. [Hospital Infantil Universitario La Fe. Valencia (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    To analyze the radiological and clinical findings of mesoblastic nephroma (MN) in paediatric age. Retrospective study of 9 patients with histological MN diagnoses. The tumor was analyzed by means of ultrasound scan and abdominal CT in order to determine its location, size and internal structure. Regarding the latter, determinations were made concerning possible presence of subcapsular hematoma, ring sign characteristics, tumor boundaries, infiltration of adjacent tissues and presence of metastasis. Clinical patient information considered at the outset was that concerning treatment and evolution, patient age, abdominal palpation, hypertension, hypercalcaemia, hematuria and anemia. 76% of the tumors were located in the central portion of the kidney. Average tumor volume was 70 cm''3 77% appeared to be solid while 55% of tumor peripheries presented echogenic rings. 76% showed subcapsular hematoma. One patient presented extension into adjacent tissues. tumor boundaries were poorly defined in all cases. Average patient age was 15 days, abdominal mass palpation was performed in all cases and hypertension was detected in 33%. Surgical margins were not tumor-free in one patient only. Two patients died from non-tumor related causes. These are renal tumors in infancy whose evolution could involve hypertension. In general, they tend to be solid. Their boundaries are poorly defined. Presence of subcapsular hematoma is common, as well as images depicting concentric rings in the periphery. Contiguous extension is rare. Surgical resection was the only treatment with excellent prognosis. (Author) 24 refs.

  7. Value of Renal Biopsy in Diagnosing Infantile Nephropathic Cystinosis Associated With Secondary Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Emily; Ho, Jacqueline; El-Gharbawy, Areeg; Salgado, Cláudia M; Ranganathan, Sarangarajan; Reyes-Múgica, Miguel

    2017-01-01

    Cystinosis is the most common cause of inherited renal Fanconi syndrome in young children, and typically presents with laboratory findings of a proximal tubulopathy and corneal crystals by one year of age. We describe here renal biopsy findings in a 20-month-old patient with an atypical presentation of distal renal tubular acidosis, diabetes insipidus, and the absence of corneal crystals. Although renal biopsy is usually not necessary to establish the diagnosis of cystinosis, when the patient presents with atypical signs and symptoms, a renal biopsy may be extremely valuable. A 20-month-old boy presented with failure to thrive, polyuria, polydipsia, and rickets. He initially showed evidence of a renal tubular acidosis, mild renal insufficiency, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. His initial ophthalmologic examination did not demonstrate corneal crystals. His subsequent workup revealed phosphaturia, suggesting a partial proximal tubulopathy. Concomitantly, a renal biopsy revealed prominent podocytes with an immature glomerular appearance, and electron microscopy analysis showed numerous intracellular crystals within tubular epithelial cells. Subsequent laboratory and genetic testing confirmed a diagnosis of infantile nephropathic cystinosis. This case highlights the variability in the clinical presentation of cystinosis, resulting in an uncommon clinical picture of a rare disease. Given that treatment is available to prolong renal function and minimize the extra-renal manifestations of this disorder, early diagnosis is essential. It is important to raise the index of suspicion of cystinosis by recognizing its subtle morphological changes in young patients, and that nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be secondary to this disorder.

  8. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma in a premature neonate: A case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-06-11

    Jun 11, 2013 ... mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) although a rare tumor is the most common neonatal ... neonate with respiratory distress and multi‑cystic dysplastic kidneys was made. .... reported to share cytogenetic features with IFS. Both are ... of IFS, cellular CMN and mixed type had both abnormalities while in the case of ...

  9. Cellular mesoblastic nephroma with liver metastasis in a neonate: Prenatal and postnatal diffusion-weighted MR imaging

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    Ko, Seok Min; Kim, Myung Joon; Im, Young Jae; Park, Kook In; Lee, Mi Jung [Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-04-15

    Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is the most common renal tumor in the first year of life. Here, we present unique findings of cellular variant CMN seen on prenatal and postnatal MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).The mass was well-visualized on prenatal MR DWI with diffusion restriction in the solid portions. After excision of the mass, follow-up whole body MRI with DWI helped identify local tumor recurrence with suspicious liver metastasis. This hepatic lesion also showed diffusion restriction.

  10. Mixed subtype of congenital mesoblastic nephroma with poor evolution: a case report and literature review

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    Leao, Sydney Correia; Fernandes, Diego Marques; Dias, Bruno Garcia; Oliveira, Wlisses Ramon; Oliveira, Simone Maria; Rangel, Margareth Rose Uchoa, E-mail: sydneyleao@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Aracaju, SE (Brazil). Departamento de Medicina

    2015-11-15

    A male child born at 27 weeks, weighting 1305 g and presenting with a right-sided abdominal tumor. Computed tomography scan demonstrated the presence of a solid mass compressing the right kidney. Puncture biopsy revealed congenital mesoblastic nephroma. The patient underwent total right nephroureterectomy, and died on the second day after surgery. (author)

  11. [Metabolites of Toxigenic Fungi in Lichens of the Genera Nephroma, Peltigera, Umbilicaria, and Xanthoria].

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    Burkin, A A; Kononenko, G P

    2015-01-01

    The component composition of mycotoxin complexes is characterized in foliose lichens of the genera Nephroma, Peltigera, Umbilicaria, and Xanthoria. The interspecies differences in the genus Peltigera are expressed by the number of metabolites detected, from seven in P. aphthosa to three in P. canina, P. didactyla, P. praetextata, and P. rufescens. In Nephroma arcticum eight mycotoxins occurred regularly, with mycophenolic acid in especially high quantities in comparison with other lichens. In Umbilicaria, of six permanent components the content of alternariole is the highest, and in Xanthoria the content of emodine is the highest. Variation of the quantitative content of mycotoxins in general and of species of lichens is discussed, as is expansion of the background spectrum of these metabolites in collections from different territories.

  12. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma in a neonate; Wrodzony nerczak mezoblastyczny u noworodka

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    Jazwinska-Kozuba, A.; Godula-Stuglik, U.; Kulagowska-Timbermann, E. [Slaska Akademia Medyczna, Zabrze (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    Authors present a case of a 13-day old neonate admitted to the Neonatal Pathology Clinic in Zabrze because of a tumor localized in the upper left part of the abdomen. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma was diagnosed. The results of diagnostic tests excluded other causes of neoplastic proliferation and the final diagnosis was based on histopathological findings from tissue obtained during nephrectomy. (author) 12 refs, 3 figs

  13. Microsatellite Loci in Two Epiphytic Lichens with Contrasting Dispersal Modes: Nephroma laevigatum and N. parile (Nephromataceae

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    Rocío Belinchón

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: Microsatellite markers were characterized for two epiphytic cyanolichens, Nephroma laevigatum and N. parile (Nephromataceae, and will be used to investigate population structure and estimate gene flow among populations of these two closely related species with contrasting dispersal modes. Methods and Results: Twelve and 14 microsatellite loci were characterized for N. laevigatum and N. parile, respectively. Allele number in N. laevigatum ranged from three to 13 per locus, while in N. parile there were from two to six alleles per locus. As expected, the sexually reproducing N. laevigatum had higher genetic diversity than the predominantly asexual N. parile. Conclusions: This new set of markers is suitable for studying population structure and providing insights into gene flow among populations and for understanding processes of diversification. Compared between the species, they will facilitate an understanding of the influence of contrasting reproductive strategies on population and community structure.

  14. Infantile sexuality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeuthen, Katrine Egede; Gammelgård, Judy

    2010-01-01

    When first presented, Freud´s theory of infantile sexuality was a scandal. Not only was the claim that the small child sucking at the mother´s breast experiences a kind of pleasure that Freud without hesitation named sexual, the theory also turned the common understanding of human sexuality up...... vision of the sexual. Following a historic outline, we examine the theories that inspired by Laplanche, once more discuss infantile sexuality, and argue that infantile sexuality is clarified by combining the concept of the drive with what in effect is an inter-subjective point of view....

  15. Infantile sexuality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeuthen, Katrine Egede; Gammelgård, Judy

    2010-01-01

    When first presented, Freud´s theory of infantile sexuality was a scandal. Not only was the claim that the small child sucking at the mother´s breast experiences a kind of pleasure that Freud without hesitation named sexual, the theory also turned the common understanding of human sexuality up-si...

  16. INFANTILE HAEMANGIOMA

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    Maria Armanda Passas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas are the most common softtissue tumors of infancy, occurring in approximately 3 to 10 percent of one-year-old children, with predominance in females. Despite the frequency of these tumors, their pathogenesis is not completely understood, and the best approach to their management remains controversial. They have a well-described natural history of rapid growth during early infancy followed by gradual involution, often leading to complete regression. Because of their spontaneous involution, most infantile hemangiomas do not require therapeutic intervention. However, in 10 to 15 % of cases, treatment is necessary because of local complications, life or physiological functioning is threatened or the long-term esthetic risk is too high.

  17. Infantile nephropathic cystinosis

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    Peco-Antić Amira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Infantile nephropathic cystinosis (INC is a metabolic disorder due to impaired carrier-mediated transport of cystine out of cellular lysosomes. Objective. To examine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of INC in paediatric patients with end- stage renal disease (ESRD in Serbia and give a recent statement of the disease. Methods. ESRD database of the Centre for Paediatric Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT in Serbia was used to identify all patients with INC who started RRT before age of 19 years during the period January 1980 - December 2008; their records concerning clinical characteristics, therapy and outcome were evaluated. Results. Only three of 298 paediatric patients with ESRD had INC. The first signs of the illness were recognised during infancy. Fancony syndrome was diagnosed in the second year, but the diagnosis of cystinosis was delayed at mean 6 years. ESRD occurred in the first decade of life. All patients under- went cadaver kidney transplantation. At the end of the study period all patients were alive. A 31-year-old female patient was on maintenance chemodialysis due to graft failure after functioning for 11 years. She was growth retarded, single, unemployed, with severe signs of renal dystrophy. Two male patients (14.3 and 14.7 years old had normal graft function, normal education, and good quality of life, although they were also severe growth retarded. Conclusion. The prevalence of infantile nephropathic cystinosis is low in Serbia. The diagnosis of cystinosis was delayed in all patients, although they exhibited the typical course of the disease.

  18. Infantile colic

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    Aleksandra Rurarz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Infantile colic is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders in infants, usually occurring between 2 weeks to 4 months of age. According to the definition, infantile colic is characterised by episodes of inconsolable crying, generally observed in the evening. Although these symptoms usually resolve spontaneously in the first six months of life, they often cause parental anxiety, leading to repeated medical appointments in search for help. Despite 40 years of research, the causes of this disorder are still unclear; hypersensitivity to cow’s milk protein, lactose intolerance, impaired gut microbiota, immaturity of the nervous system, the negative impact of tobacco smoke, inappropriate childcare techniques and psychosocial factors are believed to be involved in the pathogenesis. The treatment involves behavioural methods, i.e. reducing infant exposure to external stimuli. Breastfeeding mothers are advised to eliminate caffeine and hot spices from their diet and, in some cases, switch to a dairy-free diet. For formula-fed infants, it is recommended to use hydrolysates with a high degree of hydrolysis. Simethicone is commonly used in the pharmacological treatment as it reduces the surface tension of intestinal gases, enabling their easier elimination. The Rome III Diagnostic Criteria recommend to appropriately continue any method if considered effective by the parents, provided that there are no harmful consequences.

  19. Factores de riesgo asociados a cicatriz renal después de una pielonefritis aguda en niños de la Fundación Cardio Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Fernández, Lyda Patricia

    2010-01-01

    La pielonefritis aguda es una enfermedad común en niños que puede llevar a cicatriz renal teniendo como consecuencia la posibilidad de desarrollar una hipertensión e insuficiencia renal. Se han reportado varios factores de riesgo asociados como la edad de presentación, genero femenino, tiempo de inicio de terapia antibiótica y presencia de anomalías urinarias entre otras. Al menos un 2% de todos los niños y un 8% de las niñas son probables a tener al menos un episodio de infección urinaria du...

  20. Growing Renal Mass: Lessons Learned on the Road From an Atypical Presentation to Successful Therapy

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    Eliza Lamin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A 25 4/7 week boy was born with a prenatal diagnosis of polyhydramnios and enlarged left kidney. Over the next 2 months serial ultrasounds demonstrated abnormal growth of the kidney, with 28.9% split function. At gestational age 39 4/7, he underwent a left radical nephrectomy. Pathology revealed congenital mesoblastic nephroma with mixed classic and cellular features. This case was puzzling due to prenatally diagnosed renal enlargement in a premature infant and inconclusive post-natal ultrasonographic imaging. Although the patient had paraneoplastic signs of polyhydramnios and hypertension, the mass did not have a classic appearance of CMN; possibly due to severe prematurity.

  1. Literatura infantil sobre problemas infantiles: la diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro Fernández, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Debido al creciente número de casos de diabetes infantil que se está dando en la sociedad actual, no es raro encontrarse en las aulas cada vez más casos de esta enfermedad. Por esta razón, he decidido analizar dos libros sobre esta temática, para hacer un acercamiento del material seleccionado a las aulas y poder desarrollar junto con los niños un aprendizaje colectivo y cooperativo. En este trabajo se expone la importancia de la literatura y la literatura infantil como una ...

  2. Introduction to Infantile Tuina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHA Wei

    2004-01-01

    @@ Infantile Tuina is an important component of traditional Tuina therapy, whose unique treatment system was formed during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Infantile Tuina is a treatment method performed on the children's body or acupoints by some Tuina techniques under the guidance of Chinese medical theory to treat their diseases. Infantile Tuina functions to unblock meridian and collateral, move qi and activate blood, regulate yingnutrient and wei-defensive, balance yin and yang, harmonize zang and fu organs, and enhance the body resistance against diseases. Hence, infantile Tuina cannot only treat many children's diseases, but also take the effect of prevention and healthcare. It does not need medical equipments, medicines and injection, not giving rise to side effects, thus the children are willing to accept it. Infantile Tuina can treat the emergency diseases,infantile diseases and some infectious diseases. Clinical practice has proven that infantile Tuina is quite effective for many children's diseases as well as children's healthcare. In recent years, academic communication gets more and more active.

  3. Propranolol for infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagazgoitia, Lorea; Torrelo, Antonio; Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos López; Hernández-Martín, Angela; Luna, Paula; Gutiérrez, Marta; Baño, Antonio; Tamariz, Amalia; Larralde, Margarita; Alvarez, Roser; Pardo, Nuria; Baselga, Eulalia

    2011-01-01

    Propranolol has been used successfully in a limited number of children with infantile hemangiomas. This multicenter retrospective study describes the efficacy and adverse effects of propranolol in infantile hemangioma. Seventy-one infants with infantile hemangiomas were treated with oral propranolol, 1 mg/kg/12 hours, for at least 12 weeks. A photograph based severity scoring assessment was performed by five observers to evaluate efficacy, utilizing a scoring system of 10 as the original infantile hemangioma before treatment and 0 as completely normal skin. The mean of the five independent measurements was used in the analysis. Propranolol was a rapid and effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas at 4 weeks (p < 0.001), at 8 weeks (p < 0.001 compared to the 4 wks value), at 12 weeks (p < 0.05 compared to the 8 wks value), and thereafter up to 32 weeks (p < 0.01 compared to the 16 wks value). The response of infantile hemangiomas to propranolol was similar regardless of sex, age at onset of treatment, type of involvement (segmental and nonsegmental), facial segments affected, special locations (eyelid, nasal tip, and parotid region), ulceration, and depth of infantile hemangiomas. Very few side effects were reported; mainly agitated sleep in 10 of 71 patients. In the series of patients in this study, oral propranolol 2 mg/kg/day was a well-tolerated and effective treatment for infantile hemangiomas. Prospective studies are needed to establish the exact role of propranolol in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. The molecular basis of Dutch infantile nephropathic cystinosis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heil, S.G.; Levtchenko, E.N.; Monnens, L.A.H.; Trijbels, J.M.F.; Put, N.M.J. van der; Blom, H.J.

    2001-01-01

    Infantile nephropathic cystinosis, an inborn error of metabolism with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern, is characterized by lysosomal storage of the amino acid cystine due to an impaired transport of cystine out of the lysosomes. Initial clinical features consist of the renal Fanconi syndr

  5. Adult multilocular cystic nephroma: Report of six cases with clinical, radio-pathologic correlation and review of literature

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    Christopher Wilkinson

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: MCN is a benign cystic lesion and clinical presentations are nonspecific with symptoms such as abdominal pain, hematuria and urinary tract infection. These nonspecific clinical presentations and confusing radiological features create difficult preoperative differentiation from malignant cystic renal neoplasms.

  6. Propranolol (Infantile Hemangioma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Propranolol oral solution is used to treat proliferating infantile hemangioma (benign [noncancerous] growths or tumors appearing on ... infants 5 weeks to 5 months of age. Propranolol is in a class of medications called beta ...

  7. Benign Familial Infantile Seizures

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    J Gordon Millichap

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The history, classification, clinical and EEG features, genetics, differential diagnosis, and outcome of “benign familial infantile seizures” (BFIS are reviewed from the Neurology Department, Bambino Gesu Children Hospital, Rome, Italy.

  8. Intestinal congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma: a new clinico-pathological entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrebi, Dominique; Fournet, Jean-Christophe; Boman, Françoise; Fabre, Monique; Philippe-Chomette, Pascale; Branchereau, Sophie; Fréneaux, Paul; Bouron-Dal Soglio, Dorothée; Michon, Jean; Peuchmaur, Michel

    2015-04-01

    Congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is a relatively rare form of fibrosarcoma diagnosed at birth or during early years of life and that differs from its adult counterpart because of a more favorable behavior. IFS is also known as cellular congenital mesoblastic nephroma, when it affects the kidney and is often but not always characterized by the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion transcript. We report herein the first series of an exceptional tumor of the small intestine occurring in newborns. The four patients shared a stereotyped clinico-pathological presentation with early and acute onset, intestinal perforation, and an infiltration by a highly cellular spindle cell tumor within the dilated intestinal wall exhibiting pathologic features typical of IFS. Molecular studies for the ETV6-NTRK3 translocation were negative in the three cases tested. Patients were treated by surgical wide resection alone and are alive and well (follow-up: 36 months-25 years). Thus, this new clinico-pathological entity, even with lack of documented evidence of the ETV6-NTRK3 translocation, should be included in the differential diagnosis of congenital bowel perforation or obstruction and may represent an intestinal counterpart of IFS.

  9. [Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor growing with polypoid pattern in the renal pelvis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamasaki, Toshinari; Yagihashi, Yuusuke; Iwamura, Hiroshi; Shirahase, Toshiaki; Hashimura, Takayuki; Katsura, Yoshitaka

    2004-01-01

    A 68-year-old woman was found incidentally to have right hydronephrosis and a renal pelvic mass by abdominal ultrasonography. Radiographic examinations revealed a heterogeneous renal pelvic tumor, and right nephroureterectomy was performed. The tumor was well circumscribed yellow-whitish solid mass with scattered cysts. Histologically, the tumor was composed of both mesenchymal and epithelial components. The mesenchymal elements consisted of fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells, and the epithelial elements of cystic and tubular structures lined by cuboidal epithelium. Atypia and mitoses were not identified. The patient was free of recurrence 42 months postoperatively. Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is a recently recognized neoplasm that occurs almost exclusively in perimenopausal woman. Similar tumors have been reported previously under various names, including adult mesoblastic nephroma and cystic hamartoma of the renal pelvis. Histogenesis of the tumor is still controversial.

  10. Giant infantile pulmonary hemangioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandya, Rajul; Tummala, Venkat [Hurley Medical Center One Hurley Plaza, Department of Radiology, Flint, MI (United States)

    2010-12-15

    We present a very unusual case of giant infantile pulmonary hemangioma presenting as a large solitary pulmonary mass. This was successfully managed with surgical resection. Histological examination revealed that the mass was positive for GLUT-1 receptor, a marker for infantile hemangioma. To our knowledge only a few cases of pulmonary hemangioma have been described previously in the literature. Pulmonary hemangiomas are very rare lesions, most of them presenting as a pulmonary mass. This case emphasizes the fact that this rare lesion should be considered in the differential of an enhancing pulmonary mass in an infant. (orig.)

  11. Acute infantile motor unit disorder. Infantile botulism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clay, S A; Ramseyer, J C; Fishman, L S; Sedgwick, R P

    1977-04-01

    Eight infants with an acute reversible motor unit disorder are described, including two infants from whom Clostridum botulinum type A was isolated from stool specimens. The clinical spectrum includes constipation, cranial nerve deficits, pupillary involvement, and generalized hypotonic weakness. There were no deaths, and all infants have had complete clinical recovery. A characteristic electromyographic (EMG) pattern was present in part until clinical recovery. This distinctive pattern consisted of brief, small, abundant for power exerted motor unit potentials. This EMG pattern in the context of the clinical syndrome may well be diagnostic for acute infantile motor unit disorder.

  12. Behandling af infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjaersgård; Rasmussen, Niels Henrik

    2006-01-01

    Infantile spasms (IS) are characterised by neurodevelopmental regression, a unique type of seizures and a hypsarrhythmic EEG pattern. Studies recommend the medical treatment of IS as a positive short-term outcome with respect to the spasms and in the resolution of the hypsarrhythmia. However, the...

  13. Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Rikke Neess; Garne, Ester; Loane, Maria;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present epidemiologic data on infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) from seven well-defined European regions, and to compare incidence and changes in incidence over time between these regions. METHODS: This was a population-based study using...

  14. Behandling af infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgård, Lars; Rasmussen, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Infantile spasms (IS) are characterised by neurodevelopmental regression, a unique type of seizures and a hypsarrhythmic EEG pattern. Studies recommend the medical treatment of IS as a positive short-term outcome with respect to the spasms and in the resolution of the hypsarrhythmia. However, the...

  15. Infantile spasms and pigmentary mosaicism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars K; Bygum, Anette; Krogh, Lotte N

    2010-01-01

    Summary We present a 3-year-old boy with pigmentary mosaicism and persistent intractable infantile spasms due to mosaicism of chromosome 7. Getting the diagnosis of pigmentary mosaicism in a child with infantile spasms may not be easy, as most diagnostic work-up is done in infancy, at a time when...

  16. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard Hansen, Lars; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre;

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  17. Infantile Refsum disease: deficiency of catalase-containing particles (peroxisomes), alkyldihydroxyacetone phosphate synthase and peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzyme proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanders, R J; Schutgens, R B; Schrakamp, G; van den Bosch, H; Tager, J M; Schram, A W; Hashimoto, T; Poll-Thé, B T; Saudubrau, J M

    1986-08-01

    In recent years a number of biochemical abnormalities have been described in patients with the infantile form of Refsum disease, including the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids, trihydroxycoprostanoic acid and pipecolic acid. In this paper we show that catalase-containing particles (peroxisomes), alkyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate synthase and acyl-CoA oxidase protein are deficient in patients with infantile Refsum disease. These findings suggest that in the infantile form of Refsum disease, as in the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger) syndrome the multiplicity of biochemical abnormalities is due to a deficiency of peroxisomes and hence to a generalized loss of peroxisomal functions. As a consequence the infantile form of Refsum disease can be diagnosed biochemically by methods already available for the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger) syndrome.

  18. Infantile pyoderma gangrenosum.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McAleer, Maeve A

    2008-02-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is rare in infants. There have been 12 cases of PG in infants (<12 months old) reported in the past 25 years, to our knowledge. Six of these cases have been successfully controlled with systemic steroids, and one case with topical steroids alone. We report a case of an 8-month-old infant whose PG was aggressive and unresponsive to systemic steroids. Adjuvant treatment with cyclosporine was required to achieve healing. We review the previous cases of infantile PG and the therapeutic options in this age group.

  19. Infantile periocular hemangioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Tavakoli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile periocular hemangiomas (IPH are common benign vascular tumors that present early in childhood. They typically show a rapid nonlinear growth pattern a few weeks after birth during a proliferative phase, then continue with an involution phase and may result in serious ocular or systemic complications. Theses tumors may present in a range of small isolated lesions to multiple, diffuse involvements. Understanding the nature of the disease, the natural course, complications, indications for intervention, and treatment modalities would be helpful for ophthalmologists, who will likely be consulted for periocular cases. In this review, we present recent opinions about the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment options for patients with IPH.

  20. Sillas de ruedas infantiles

    OpenAIRE

    Valle Gallego, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Para la correcta elección de una silla de ruedas infantil debe tenerse en cuenta que los niños se encuentran en periodo de crecimiento y de desarrollo de sus capacidades psicomotoras. La utilización de una silla de ruedas y de sistemas de sedestación apropiados en cada momento, puede maximizar la independencia, favorecer el proceso de rehabilitación y retrasar la aparición de deformidades posturales. Debemos tener en cuenta, igualmente, que además de facilitar el desplazamiento, la silla debe...

  1. Infantile perianal protrusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Bruno; Taliercio, Vanina; Luna, Paula; Eugenia, Maria; Larralde, Margarita

    2014-12-14

    Infantile perianal protrusion is characterized by a skin fold located in the perianal area. It is a relatively recent reported condition and affects both infants and prepubertal children with a clear female predominance. Three types are recognized: constitutional/congenital, acquired, and associated with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. We report eleven new cases, three of whom have the defect in locations that have been reported only once before. We would like to increase the awareness of this condition to avoid erroneous diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

  2. Pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uihlein, Lily Changchien; Liang, Marilyn G; Mulliken, John B

    2012-08-01

    1.Review the key features of the life cycle of infantile hemangiomas.2.Highlight cellular and molecular pathways involved in hemangioma-genesis.3.Discuss theories that may account for hemangioma-genesis.In the past, it was believed that a mother's visual impressions or behavior during pregnancy caused the growth of infantile hemangioma in her unborn child. She might have had an excessive craving for strawberries, witnessed the slaughter of an animal, directly contacted human or animal blood, or mocked a child with a similar birthmark.1 This folklore began to slowly fade once hemangiomas were examined through the light microscope. In 1863, Virchow2 suggested that hemangiomas are composed of proliferating new blood vessels resulting from progressive irritation of tissue. In 1933, Laidlow and Murray3 proposed a phylogenetic origin for hemangiomas and hypothesized that hemangiomas are remnants of vascular tufts functioning as accessory lungs for primitive amphibia. Pack and Miller4 (1950) hypothesized that hemangiomas develop from embryonic islands of angioblastic cells that were isolated from the systemic vasculature during fetal development. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. El libro infantil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Londoño

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Sabemos que desde el decenio de 1970 se aceleraron una serie de cambios en la vida de los niños en las ciudades colombianas y en el mundo editorial, que ampliaron el mercado de libros infantiles. Las librerías empezaron a ofrecer mayor variedad y cantidad de dichos libros, los cuales a veces han llegado a ocupar cuartos o secciones enteras. Hoy, Mundo Libro Infantil en Medellín y la librería del Centto Experimental del Libro Infantil y Juvenil en Bogotá trajinan exclusiva mente con este material.

  4. Aspectos incomuns da paracoccidioidomicose infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achiléa Lisboa Bittencourt

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available São relatados dois casos de paracoccidioidomicose (PCM infantil. Em um deles, a principal manifestação da doença foi tumoração abdominal, simulando linfoma maligno não Hodgkin. O outro apresentou acentuado envolvimento articular, com ruptura da cápsula. Representam o segundo e terceiro casos de PCM infantil observados na Bahia, ambos procedentes de áreas urbanas.The authors present two cases of infantil para-coccidioidomycosis. In one case the main presentation was an abdominal mass that mimicked non- Hodgkin lymphoma. In the other case the child had a joint swelling with rupture of the capsule and the clinical diagnosis was piogenic arthritis. They represent the second and third cases of infantile paracoccidioidomycosis observed in the state of Bahia, all coming from urban areas.

  5. Infantile urolithiasis: Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mehdizadah

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Background: Urolithiasis in children is not a common disease in western countries. Urolithiasis in children is more located in the upper urinary tract and only 5-10% is seen in the bladder. The most com-mon stone composition differs in variable age groups but calcium oxalate seems to be the most common type in all children age groups. Clinical manifestations also differ in different age groups. In infants, growth retarda-tion (FTT and crying during crystaluria are the most common symptoms and signs. High resolution (HR sonography (7.5 MHz is an effective, noninvasive, and easy to access procedure for the diagnosis of infantile urolithiasis. Even with high resolution sonography (7.5 MHz we can determine the grading of nephrocalcino-sis in infants. Non radio-opaque stones are also diagnosed by HR sonography. Patients & Methods: This study tries to emphasize the importance and efficacy of high resolution sonography in the diagnosis of infantile urolithiasis by surveillance of 200 infants under 2 years old with urinary tract stones in Markaz-Tebi-Hospital during 1375 to 1383. Results: In this study the mean age was 12 months old (2 to 24 months and 55% were boys; 61% had positive family history; 54.5% (109 ones had no underlying metabolic disorder and among others 41 (20.5% had hy-percalciuria ( the most common ; 78 (39% had hematuria, 61 (30.5% had pyuria and 61 (30.5% had no ab-normality in U/A. In 63 (31.5%, urine culture was positive; 39 (31.5% had macroscopic hematuria. Their chief complaint was changing of urine color in 44 (22%, crystaluria in 37 (18.5%, UTI in 37 (31%, and no complaints in 20 (10%. FTT and crying during urination were observed in 25 (12.5% and 12 (6% of our pa-tients. In 79.5% of all infants, there was a positive sonographic finding that confirmed the stone. About the stone location according to the sonographic finding, 124 (62% had kidney stone, 10 (4.5% had ureter stone, and 25 (12.5% had bladder stone. In

  6. La obesidad infantil /

    OpenAIRE

    Pellitero Martinez, Cristina

    2013-01-01

    La obesidad infantil es la enfermedad de tipo nutricional que se da con más frecuencia en los niños de los países desarrollados, conlleva riesgos físicos y psicológicos y determinados estudios señalan que puede acortar la esperanza de vida en 13 años. En Castilla y León, la tasa de obesidad entre los niños en edad escolar es del 0,8%. La autora va a recoger datos y a realizar un estudio del desayuno que realizan estos niños por considerarlo la primera comida del día y la más importa...

  7. La obesidad infantil /

    OpenAIRE

    Pellitero Martinez, Cristina

    2013-01-01

    La obesidad infantil es la enfermedad de tipo nutricional que se da con más frecuencia en los niños de los países desarrollados, conlleva riesgos físicos y psicológicos y determinados estudios señalan que puede acortar la esperanza de vida en 13 años. En Castilla y León, la tasa de obesidad entre los niños en edad escolar es del 0,8%. La autora va a recoger datos y a realizar un estudio del desayuno que realizan estos niños por considerarlo la primera comida del día y la más importa...

  8. Hiperostosis cortical infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Javier Santos Medina; Orelvis Pérez Duerto

    2015-01-01

    La enfermedad de Caffey, o hiperostosis cortical infantil, es una rara enfermedad ósea autolimitada, que aparece de preferencia en lactantes con signos inespecíficos sistémicos; el más relevante es la reacción subperióstica e hiperostosis en varios huesos del cuerpo, con predilección en el 75-80 % de los casos por la mandíbula. Su pronóstico es bueno, la mayoría no deja secuelas. El propósito del presente trabajo es describir las características clínicas, presentes en un lactante de cinco mes...

  9. INFANTILISM: THEORETICAL CONSTRUCT AND OPERATIONALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena V. Sabelnikova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the presented research is to define and operationalize theoretically the concept of infantilism and its construct. The content of theoretical construct «infantilism» is analyzed. Methods. The methods of theoretical research involve analysis and synthesis. The age and content criteria are analysed in the context of childhood and adulthood. The traits which can be interpreted as adult infantile traits are described. Results. The characteristics of adult infantilism in modern world taking into account the increasing of information flows and socio-economic changes are defined. The definition of the concept «infantilism» including its main features is given. Infantilism is defined as the personal organization including features and models of the previous age period not adequate for the real age stage with emphasis on immaturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. Scientific novelty. The main psychological characteristics of adulthood are described as the reflection, requirement to work and professional activity, existence of professional self-determination, possession of labor skills, need for selfrealization, maturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. As objective adulthood characteristics are considered the following: transition to economic and territorial independence of a parental family, and also development of new social roles, such as a worker, spouse, and parent. Two options of a possible operationalization of concept are allocated: objective (existence / absence in real human life of objective criteria of adulthood and subjective (the self-report on subjective feeling of existence / lack of psychological characteristics of adulthood. Practical significance consists in a construct operationalization of «infantilism» which at the moment has so many interpretations. That operationalization is necessary for the further analysis and carrying out various researches. 

  10. Infantile Haemangioma: Pathogenesis, Evaluation, and Therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.R. Janmohamed (Sherief)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This thesis contains of: 1) Studies describing the pathogenesis of infantile haemangioma 2) The development of a novel scoring system for infantile haemangioma activity 3) Studies evaluating different therapy options for infantile haemangioma Hypoxia is important in th

  11. Infantile Haemangioma: Pathogenesis, Evaluation, and Therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.R. Janmohamed (Sherief)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This thesis contains of: 1) Studies describing the pathogenesis of infantile haemangioma 2) The development of a novel scoring system for infantile haemangioma activity 3) Studies evaluating different therapy options for infantile haemangioma Hypoxia is important in th

  12. Incorrecciones del habla infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pino LECUONA NARANJO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se pretende dar una visión de algunos rasgos característicos del lenguaje infantil, centrándonos especialmente en el estudio de los niños de 4 a 6 años de edad. Es pues, su finalidad fundamental la descripción y análisis de los rasgos que se pueden observar en la expresión verbal de los preescolares. Las diversas peculiaridades que van a ser objeto de examen se refieren a la emisión de incorrecciones de carácter fonético, morfológico y semántico. El análisis unificado de estos tres factores responde a la consideración de que todos surgen como consecuencia de un proceso de simplificación lingüística originado por un estado inconcluso de desarrollo del lenguaje.

  13. Infantile refsum disease: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choksi, Vaishali; Hoeffner, Ellen; Karaarslan, Ercan; Yalcinkaya, Cengiz; Cakirer, Sinan

    2003-01-01

    Infantile Refsum disease is a rare inborn error of phytanic acid metabolism. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and frequently causes signs and symptoms in the neonate period. The only source of phytanic acid in humans is exogenous, from diet. We report the MR imaging findings in two cases of infantile Refsum disease and note the MR imaging changes that occurred over time because of further progression of the disease. The initial diagnosis in both patients was made on basis of history, clinical findings, and biochemical studies.

  14. Organizando el aula infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa GARCÍA RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La organización del aula es una importante "herramienta" en manos de la educadora o el educador, especialmente en las primeras edades. En consecuencia, es necesario poner todo el cuidado y atención posibles para conseguir un ambiente, a la vez agradable y práctico, que favorezca la vida y el aprendizaje de los niños y niñas de cero a seis años. Al principio de cada curso escolar se planificarán los aspectos físicos del aula, se organizarán los materiales y se distribuirá el tiempo. Para ello, deberán ser tenidas en cuenta las necesidades infantiles y los ámbitos madurativos en los que cada niña y cada niño deben progresar.ABSTRACT: The organization of the classroom is an important "tool" in the hands of the educator, especially during the early years. Consequently, it is necessary to take great care and give as much attention as possible to achieving an environment which is both pleasant and practical, as well as favourable to the lives and learning of children under six years of age. At the beginning of the school year the physical aspects of the classroom will be planned, the material organized and time distributed. For this purpose, the needs of the children, and the areas in which each child should advance and mature, must be taken into account.

  15. Hiperostosis cortical infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Javier Santos Medina

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La enfermedad de Caffey, o hiperostosis cortical infantil, es una rara enfermedad ósea autolimitada, que aparece de preferencia en lactantes con signos inespecíficos sistémicos; el más relevante es la reacción subperióstica e hiperostosis en varios huesos del cuerpo, con predilección en el 75-80 % de los casos por la mandíbula. Su pronóstico es bueno, la mayoría no deja secuelas. El propósito del presente trabajo es describir las características clínicas, presentes en un lactante de cinco meses de edad, atendido en el Hospital Pediátrico Provincial “Mártires de Las Tunas” con este diagnóstico, quien ingresó en el servicio de miscelánea B por una celulitis facial. Presentaba aumento de volumen en la región geniana izquierda, febrícola e inapetencia. Se impuso tratamiento con cefazolina y se egresó a los siete días. Acudió nuevamente con tumefacción blanda y difusa de ambas hemicaras, irritabilidad y fiebre. Se interconsultó con cirugía maxilofacial, se indicaron estudios sanguíneos y radiológicos. Se diagnosticó como enfermedad de Caffey, basado en la edad del niño, tumefacción facial sin signos inflamatorios agudos e hiperostosis en ambas corticales mandibulares a la radiografía AP mandíbula; unido a anemia ligera, leucocitosis y eritrosedimentación acelerada. El paciente se trató sintomáticamente y con antinflamatorios no esteroideos. Esta rara entidad se debe tener presente en casos de niños y lactantes con irritabilidad y fiebre inespecífica

  16. Infantile Spasm: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mahdi TAGHDIRI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Taghdiri MM, Nemati H. Infantile Spasm: A Review Article. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Summer;8(3: 1-5.AbstractObjectiveInfantile spasm (IS is a convulsive disease characterized by brief, symmetric axial muscle contraction (neck, trunk, and/or extremities. IS is a type of seizure that was first described by West in 1841, who witnessed the seizure in his own son. West’s syndrome refers to the classic triad of spasms, characteristic EEG, and neurodevelopmental regression. Most cases involve flexors and extensors,but either of the types may be involved independently.IS, as its name implies, most often occurs during the first year of life with an incidence of approximately 1 per 2000-4000 live births. Most, but not all, patients with this disorder have severe EEG abnormalities; this pattern was originallyreferred to as hypsarrhythmia by Gibbs and Gibbs. Cases with known etiology or signs of brain damage are considered as symptomatic. The Overall prognosis of the disease is poor. Peak onset age of the epileptic syndrome is 3 to 7 months, which mainly occurs before 2 years of age in 93% of patients. Hypsarrhythmia is the EEG hallmark of IS, which comprised a chaotic, bilaterally asynchronous high-voltage polyspike, and slow wave discharges interspersed with multifocal spikes and slow waves.Etiological classification is as follows: 1 Symptomatic: with identifiable prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal causes with developmental delay at the presentation time; 2 Cryptogenic: unknown underlying cause, normal development at the onset of spasms, normal neurological exam and neuroimaging, and no abnormality in the metabolic evaluation; 3 Idiopathic: pure functional cerebral dysfunction with complete recovery, no residual dysfunction, normal neuroimaging and normal etiologic evaluation, and normal neurodevelopment.ReferencesInfantile Spasms. In: Jean Aicardi: Disease of Nervous system in childhood. 3th ed. Mac Keith

  17. Infantile nystagmus and visual deprivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Hans C; Jensen, Hanne

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate whether effects of early foveal motor instability due to infantile nystagmus might compare to those of experimental visual deprivation on refraction in a childhood series. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from the Danish Register for Blind and Weaksighted Ch...

  18. Literatura infantil e seus encantamentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joice Ribeiro da Silva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Por meio das histórias contadas, lidas e dramatizadas as crianças são transportadas para mundos diferentes de suas vidas reais, onde podem fluir na imaginação, com os personagens de contos de fadas, lendas e demais narrativas presentes na Literatura Infantil. O objetivo principal deste artigo é compreender a importância da literatura na educação infantil, como ela está presente nas práticas pedagógicas desenvolvidas com uma turma de crianças na faixa etária de 4-5 anos. O estudo está baseado em uma pesquisa bibliográfica, com aporte de uma análise qualitativa, na interlocução teórica com os autores: Bruno Bettelheim; Luiz Percival Leme Brito; Sueli de Souza Cagneti; Maria Antonieta Antunes Cunha; Maria Alexandre de Oliveira e Luciana E. Ostetto. Palavras-chave: educação infantil; literatura infantil; contação de histórias; aprendizagem. 

  19. Infantile Colic: The Mysterious Crying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaheen Akter

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Infantile colic is a distressing condition in infants, pathogenesis of which is still not clear. Several treatment strategies have been attempted before, but only some of them proven successful. The aim of this paper is to review studies on treatment options for infantile colic. For this, a systematic literature review was done on studies regarding pathophysiology, medical and conventional interventions for infantile colic from 1954 to March 2011. Forty nine articles included in Cochrane database were reviewed. Fourteen studies on pathophysiology and risk factors, 7 studies on effect of infantlie colic on parents and family,19 studies on management, 5 studies on other related factors and 4 literature reviews were included for review. Pathophysiology has been described in various ways in different studies and yet not conclusive. Regarding studies on management, simethicone could not significantly control colic, dicyclomine hydrochloride had serious side effects and cimetropium bromide results were favourable, but milder side effects were noted. Some nutritional studies reported low-allergen maternal diets in breastfed infants but suitability of these methods are questionable in Bangladesh. Behavioural studies on the use of decreased stimulation and contingent music were favourable in some studies. Mixed herbal tea and probiotic like Lactobacillus reuteri studies showed encouraging results. There are some scientific evidences to support a low-allergen maternal diet in breastfed infants with infantile colic. Some encouraging results exist for mixed herbal tea, cimetropium bromide and probiotics.

  20. [Spanish consensus on infantile haemangioma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baselga Torres, Eulalia; Bernabéu Wittel, José; van Esso Arbolave, Diego L; Febrer Bosch, María Isabel; Carrasco Sanz, Ángel; de Lucas Laguna, Raúl; Del Pozo Losada, Jesús; Hernández Martín, Ángela; Jiménez Montañés, Lorenzo; López Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos; Martín-Santiago, Ana; Redondo Bellón, Pedro; Ruíz-Canela Cáceres, Juan; Torrelo Fernández, Antonio; Vera Casaño, Ángel; Vicente Villa, María Asunción

    2016-11-01

    Infantile haemangiomas are benign tumours produced by the proliferation of endothelial cells of blood vessels, with a high incidence in children under the age of one year (4-10%). It is estimated that 12% of them require treatment. This treatment must be administered according to clinical practice guidelines, expert experience, patient characteristics and parent preferences. The consensus process was performed by using scientific evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of infantile haemangiomas, culled from a systematic review of the literature, together with specialist expert opinions. The recommendations issued were validated by the specialists, who also provided their level of agreement. This document contains recommendations on the classification, associations, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with infantile haemangioma. It also includes action algorithms, and addresses multidisciplinary management and referral criteria between the different specialities involved in the clinical management of this type of patient. The recommendations and the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms of infantile haemangiomas contained in this document are a useful tool for the proper management of these patients. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. Scimitar syndrome with renal agenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Kahraman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Partial pulmonary venous connection anomaly is relatively uncommon form of congenital heart diseases. The quite rare combination of this anomaly with hypoplasia of the right lung and dextroposition of the heart is designated as scimitar syndrome. Most cases are presented in infantile period and adult presentation is exceedingly rare. Our patient, a 38-year-old man, was admitted to a doctor with flu-like complaint and because of abnormalities on chest X-ray he was sent to our clinic. He did not have any chronic complaints such as shortness of breath and fatigue. After investigation, scimitar syndrome was diagnosed. Left renal agenesis was determined with abdominal examination. Best of our knowledge in literature we did not detect any case both with Scimitar syndrome and renal agenesis, and we wanted to report the asymptomatic adult Scimitar syndrome case with left renal agenesis.

  2. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serna-Tamayo, Cristian; Janniger, Camila K; Micali, Giuseppe; Schwartz, Robert A

    2014-07-01

    Acne may present in neonates, infants, and small children. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris are not considered to be rare. The presentation of acne in this patient population sometimes represents virilization and may portend later development of severe adolescent acne. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris must be distinguished from other cutaneous disorders seen in newborns and infants. Infantile acne tends to be more pleomorphic and inflammatory, thus requiring more vigorous therapy than neonatal acne.

  3. On resolving the enigma of infantile amnesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, M L; Courage, M L

    1993-03-01

    Historical and current theories of infantile amnesia are examined. To evaluate the viability of these theories, as well as the phenomenon of infantile amnesia itself, a review of memory development from birth through the preschool years is provided, including an overview of relevant perceptual and neurological maturation. In the context of this review, extant theories of infantile amnesia are shown to falter, and it is concluded that infantile amnesia is a chimera of a previously unexplored relationship between the development of a cognitive sense of self and the personalization of event memory. This hypothesis is examined in detail and discussed in the context of related developments in language and social cognition.

  4. Infantile masturbation and paroxysmal disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omran, Mohammadreza Salehi; Ghofrani, Mohammad; Juibary, Ali Ghabeli

    2008-02-01

    A recurrent paroxysmal presentation in children leads to different diagnoses and among them are neurologic and cardiac etiologies. Infantile masturbation is not a well known entity and cannot be differentiated easily from other disorders. Aim of this study is to elucidate and differentiate this condition from epileptic seizures. We report 3 cases of 10 to 30 mth old girls of infantile masturbation that their symptoms initiated at 2, 3 and 8 mth of age. These present with contraction and extension of lower extremities, scissoring of legs, perspiration, changing face color. In 2 cases body rocking and legs rubbing initiated then there after. Masturbation is one of the paroxysmal non-epileptic conditions of early infancy and is in differential diagnosis of epileptic seizures.

  5. Propranolol-resistant infantile haemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caussé, S; Aubert, H; Saint-Jean, M; Puzenat, E; Bursztejn, A-C; Eschard, C; Mahé, E; Maruani, A; Mazereeuw-Hautier, J; Dreyfus, I; Miquel, J; Chiaverini, C; Boccara, O; Hadj-Rabia, S; Stalder, J-F; Barbarot, S

    2013-07-01

    Propranolol is now widely used to treat severe infantile haemangiomas (IHs). Very few cases of propranolol-resistant IH (PRIH) are mentioned in the literature. To describe the characteristics of PRIHs. A national, multicentre, retrospective, observational study was conducted from February 2011 to December 2011. All patients with PRIH evaluated by the members of the Groupe de Recherche Clinique en Dermatologie Pédiatrique from 1 January 2007 to 1 December 2011 were eligible. Among 1130 patients treated with propranolol for infantile haemangioma, 10 (0.9%) had PRIHs. Haemangioma propranolol resistance was observed at all ages during early childhood and at any proliferation stage. PRIH is a rare phenomenon that raises questions and merits further investigation. © 2013 British Association of Dermatologists.

  6. Condiciones familiares y maltrato infantil

    OpenAIRE

    María Luisa Platone

    2007-01-01

    El estudio discute las condiciones familiares (estructura y patrones interactivos del sistema familiar), consideradas como factores de riesgo en el maltrato infantil. Método. Investigación descriptiva multivariada (cuantitativa y cualitativa). Se analizaron los datos obtenidos en un estudio retrospetivo (1970-2000) en muestras representativas de escolares de escuelas públicas y privadas del área metropolitana de Caracas, Venezuela, en edades comprendidas de 5 a 13 años, y desde...

  7. Infantile colic, facts and fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kheir Abdelmoneim E M

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Infantile colic is one of the major challenges of parenthood. It is one of the common reasons parents seek medical advice during their child’s first 3 months of life. It is defined as paroxysms of crying lasting more than 3 hours a day, occurring more than 3 days in any week for 3 weeks in a healthy baby aged 2 weeks to 4 months. Colic is a poorly understood phenomenon affecting up to 30% of babies, underlying organic causes of excessive crying account for less than 5%. Laboratory tests and radiological examinations are unnecessary if the infant is gaining weight normally and has a normal physical examination. Treatment is limited and drug treatment has no role in management. Probiotics are now emerging as promising agents in the treatment of infantile colic. Alternative medicine (Herbal tea, fennel, glucose and massage therapy have not proved to be consistently helpful and some might even be dangerous. In conclusion infantile colic is a common cause of maternal distress and family disturbance, the cornerstone of management remains reassurance of parents regarding the benign and self-limiting nature of the illness. There is a critical need for more evidence based treatment protocols.

  8. Trauma renal Renal trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerson Alves Pereira Júnior

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos uma revisão sobre trauma renal, com ênfase na avaliação radiológica, particularmente com o uso da tomografia computadorizada, que tem se tornado o exame de eleição, ao invés da urografia excretora e arteriografia. O sucesso no tratamento conservador dos pacientes com trauma renal depende de um acurado estadiamento da extensão da lesão, classificado de acordo com a Organ Injury Scaling do Colégio Americano de Cirurgiões. O tratamento conservador não-operatório é seguro e consiste de observação contínua, repouso no leito, hidratação endovenosa adequada e antibioti- coterapia profilática, evitando-se uma exploração cirúrgica desnecessária e possível perda renal. As indicações para exploração cirúrgica imediata são abdome agudo, rápida queda do hematócrito ou lesões associadas determinadas na avaliação radiológica. Quando indicada, a exploração renal após controle vascular prévio é segura, permitindo cuidadosa inspeção do rim e sua reconstrução com sucesso, reduzindo a probabilidade de nefrectomia.We present a revision of the renal trauma with emphasis in the radiographic evaluation, particularly CT scan that it has largely replaced the excretory urogram and arteriogram in the diagnostic worh-up and management of the patient with renal trauma. The successful management of renal injuries depends upon the accurate assessment of their extent in agreement with Organ Injury Scaling classification. The conservative therapy managed by careful continuous observation, bed rest, appropriate fluid ressuscitation and prophylactic antibiotic coverage after radiographic staging for severely injured kidneys can yield favorable results and save patients from unnecessary exploration and possible renal loss. The indications for immediate exploratory laparotomy were acute abdomen, rapidly dropping hematocrit or associated injuries as determinated from radiologic evaluation. When indicated, renal exploration

  9. [International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia 2012].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hes, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    Kidney tumours form a broad spectrum of distinguished histopathological and molecular genetic entities. The last WHO classification is dated to 2004. Current classification has been published in October 2013 by ISUP (International Society of Urological Pathology). There were 5 new epithelials tumours: tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, clear cell (tubulo-)papillary RCC, the MiT family translocation RCCs (in particular t(6;11) RCC), and hereditary leiomyomatosis RCC syndrome-associated RCC. Another 3 subtypes of RCC were added as "provisional" entities: thyroid-like follicular RCC; succinate dehydrogenase B deficiency-associated RCC; and ALK translocation RCC. Modifications were performed in already existing entities: multicystic clear cell RCC (formerly multilocular cystic RCC) is newly included as a subcategory of clear cell RCC with low malignant potential. Oncocytic papillary RCC (PRCC) has not been recognized as a distinctive subcategory of PRCC yet. Hybrid oncocytic-chromophobe tumour was placed within the chromophobe RCC category. Recent advances related to collecting duct carcinoma, renal medullary carcinoma, and mucinous spindle cell and tubular RCC were elucidated. Outside of the epithelial category, current approach to our understanding of angiomyolipoma, including the epithelioid variant and angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts was clarified. Cystic nephroma and mixed epithelial and stromal tumour were considered as a spectrum of one entity. Synovial sarcoma was placed within the sarcoma group. The new classification is to be referred to as the International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia.

  10. Renal arteriography

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Read More Acute arterial occlusion - kidney Acute kidney failure Aneurysm Atheroembolic renal disease Blood clots Renal cell carcinoma Renal venogram X-ray Review Date 1/5/2016 Updated by: Jason Levy, ...

  11. Birth Weight, Gestational Age, and Infantile Colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Søndregaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard;

    Background Infantile colic is a condition of unknown origin characterized by paroxysms of crying during the first months of life. A few studies have identified low birth weight (BW) as a risk factor among infants born at term, while the association between gestational age (GA) and infantile colic......, low BW was associated with infantile colic only in infants born at term (gestational weeks 37-41), but not in pre- or post-term infants. Conclusion The results indicate that low birth weight and preterm birth are independently associated with infantile colic. After adjusting for gestational age, low...... birth weight increased the risk of infantile colic in children born at term (gestational weeks 37-41)....

  12. Infantile spasms: A prognostic evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Iype

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Few papers address the comprehensive prognosis in infantile spasms and look into the seizure profile and psychomotor outcome. Objective: We aimed to follow up children with infantile spasms to study: a the etiology, demographics, semiology, electroencephalogram (EEG, and radiological pattern; b seizure control, psychomotor development, and EEG resolution with treatment; c the effects of various factors on the control of spasms, resolution of EEG changes, and psychomotor development at 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Fifty newly diagnosed cases with a 1-12 month age of onset and who had hypsarrhythmia in their EEG were recruited and 43 were followed up for 3 years. Results: Of the children followed up, 51% were seizure-free and 37% had a normal EEG at the 3-year follow-up. Autistic features were seen in 74% of the children. Only 22.7% among the seizure-free (11.6% of the total children had normal vision and hearing, speech with narration, writing skills, gross and fine motor development, and no autism or hyperactivity. On multivariate analysis, two factors could predict bad seizure outcome — the occurrence of other seizures in addition to infantile spasms and no response to 28 days of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH. No predictor could be identified for abnormal psychomotor development. Discussion and Conclusion: In our study, we could demonstrate two factors that predict seizure freedom. The cognitive outcome and seizure control in this group of children are comparable to the existing literature. However, the cognitive outcome revealed by our study and the survey of the literature are discouraging.

  13. Infantile spasms: A prognostic evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iype, Mary; Saradakutty, Geetha; Kunju, Puthuvathra Abdul Mohammed; Mohan, Devi; Nair, Muttathu Krishnapanicker Chandrasekharan; George, Babu; Ahamed, Shahanaz M.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Few papers address the comprehensive prognosis in infantile spasms and look into the seizure profile and psychomotor outcome. Objective: We aimed to follow up children with infantile spasms to study: a) the etiology, demographics, semiology, electroencephalogram (EEG), and radiological pattern; b) seizure control, psychomotor development, and EEG resolution with treatment; c) the effects of various factors on the control of spasms, resolution of EEG changes, and psychomotor development at 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Fifty newly diagnosed cases with a 1-12 month age of onset and who had hypsarrhythmia in their EEG were recruited and 43 were followed up for 3 years. Results: Of the children followed up, 51% were seizure-free and 37% had a normal EEG at the 3-year follow-up. Autistic features were seen in 74% of the children. Only 22.7% among the seizure-free (11.6% of the total) children had normal vision and hearing, speech with narration, writing skills, gross and fine motor development, and no autism or hyperactivity. On multivariate analysis, two factors could predict bad seizure outcome — the occurrence of other seizures in addition to infantile spasms and no response to 28 days of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). No predictor could be identified for abnormal psychomotor development. Discussion and Conclusion: In our study, we could demonstrate two factors that predict seizure freedom. The cognitive outcome and seizure control in this group of children are comparable to the existing literature. However, the cognitive outcome revealed by our study and the survey of the literature are discouraging. PMID:27293335

  14. Cuento infantil ilustrado. Fisicamente editado

    OpenAIRE

    SÁNCHEZ FLORES, CRISTINA

    2015-01-01

    Se trata de un proyecto enfocado a la creación de un cuento infantil, escrito e ilustrado por la alumna. La memoria detalla cada parte del trabajo en su totalidad, describiendo de forma concisa el trabajo realizado en estos últimos meses, con el fin de crear un proyecto donde se aplique, integre y desarrolle los conocimientos, capacidades competencias y habilidades adquiridas durante los cuatro años del grado en Bellas Artes. El proyecto se ha basado en la ilustración, una de las muchas ramas...

  15. Tuina Treatment of Infantile Eczema

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Xiao-mei; LI Dong

    2004-01-01

    以推拿疗法联合西药治疗20例小儿湿疹患者,并以西药治疗18例作对照.两组有效率分别为100%和90.0%,疗效有差异(P<0.01).%Twenty cases of infantile eczema were treated by combination of Tuina therapy and Western medications, and 18 cases were treated by Western medications. The therapeutic effective rate was respectively 100% and 90.0% in the two groups, with a difference between them (P< 0.01).

  16. Massage for Infantile Colic: Review and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Bahrami

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Infantile colic is a painful phase in the first months of infancy but no safe and effective conventional treatment exists. Massage is used in traditional medicine as a control and treatment method for infantile colic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of massage in the control and treatment of infantile colic. Materials and Methods We searched international database such as PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Iranian databases such as SID, Magiran, Iranmedex using a searching strategy with key words "Infantile colic", "Massage", "Complementary of Alternative Medicine" during 2000 to 2015. Analysis of data extraction and quality evaluation of the literature were performed independently by two investigators. Results Most articles provides the strongest evidence for benefits of massage in stress, anxiety reduction, pain control, cancer, skin disease, weight gain, sleep, promote growth, development in premature infants, neuromuscular and gastrointestinal disease such as infantile colic. The infantile colic massage helps relax the gastrointestinal tract and good digestion.   Conclusion Our findings demonstrated that pediatric massage therapy is effective in the treatment of infantile colic.  Compared to other possible treatments for colic, massage is a safe and enjoyable procedure; the risk of serious adverse effects is low. The pediatrician should feel comfortable discussing massage therapy with patients and be able to refer patients to a qualified massage therapist as appropriate.

  17. Un caso de psicosis infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Obando Cuellar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se expondrá el caso de Samuel un niño de 8 años de edad hospitalizado aparentemente por un cuadrode ansiedad, que en su evolución, y acorde a la evaluación clínica, expone claramente la sintomatología de una psicosis infantil. El proceso de evaluación indica cuadro psicótico infantil, presencia de fobias arcaicas, terrores sin nombre y desestructuración de la organización lingüística. Su sintomatología refiere manifestaciones somáticas, una sensación constante de amenazas externas a su juicio de realidad; y sensaciones de despersonalización y desbordamientos de su pensamiento. El mundo de las ideas sobrepasa al mundo de los afectos. Se presenta un infante matizado por fantasías de aniquilamiento y desafíos constantes de la aceptación de la realidad. Sobre el caso de Samuel, cabe mencionar que durante el proceso de hospitalización y recursos, los padres no concretarola asistencia terapéutica, ni la posibilidad de brindar un espacio analítico para la comprensión de la lógica y significado del evento traumático y la fantasía desorganizadora de la pérdida paterna. Nos preguntamos cuál era el significante de Samuel.

  18. Surdez infantil Childhood hearing impairment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Oliveira

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available A Surdez Infantil é considerada actualmente um verdadeiro problema de Saúde Pública devido não só à sua elevada prevalência, mas sobretudo às múltiplas conseqüências que acarreta sob os mais variados prismas. Trata-se de um tema em constante evolução, sendo necessárias freqüentes actualizações por forma a acompanhar os avanços da técnica e do conhecimento. Este trabalho visa abordar de uma forma global mas sucinta o problema Surdez Infantil, dando particular ênfase aos Modelos de Rastreio e aos Métodos utilizados com esse fim.Childhood Hearing Impairment is nowadays considered as a Health Care matter due to its high prevalence and to its multiple consequences. As a developing subject, frequent updates are justified to keep up with the evolution of techniques and knowledge. This paper aims to discuss the matter from a global point of view, paying particular attention to the Screening Models and Instruments available.

  19. VIOLENCIA FAMILIAR Y MALTRATO INFANTIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Inés Bringiotti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza las implicaciones del concepto "familia" señalando la multiplicidad de fenómenos y situaciones incluidos en el mismo. Su elucidación permitirá determinar los diversos tipos de familia y de riesgo que podemos encontrar en nuestro trabajo cotidiano. La evolución de ese concepto está directamente influida por las determinantes socioestructurales y culturales que en cada momento histórico contextualizan a los sujetos, así como las posibles situaciones de riesgo que deben enfrentar y los recursos con los que cuentan. Se analiza la influencia de las representaciones acerca de cómo debe ser una familia, en la actualidad las familias presentan diferentes formas o estructuras y ello no implica el cumplimiento o no de sus funciones. Esto permitirá establecer adecuadamente las diferentes estrategias de prevención y abordaje aplicables a cada situación. Se ejemplificará concretamente con situaciones problemáticas relacionados a los casos de violencia familiar y maltrato infantil, concretamente con la negligencia y el abuso sexual infantil.

  20. Clinical management of infantile cholelithiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeanty, Cerine; Derderian, S Christopher; Courtier, Jesse; Hirose, Shinjiro

    2015-08-01

    Infantile cholelithiasis is a rare disease process, and management strategies are poorly defined. We therefore examined the risk factors, complications, and management of this disease at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed infants with cholelithiasis diagnosed on ultrasound between 1997 and 2013. Details of the patient's medical history, presentation, imaging findings, laboratory values, and treatment were reviewed and analyzed. Over the 16-year period, 50 infants were evaluated for cholelithiasis. Thirty-seven (74%) had at least one risk factor for gallstone development which included total parenteral nutrition, diuretic therapy, cephalosporin antibiotic treatment, sepsis, congenital heart disease (CHD), prematurity, or a malabsorptive gastrointestinal condition. Thirteen (26%) infants were symptomatic, most commonly presenting with emesis and jaundice. Complications from gallstones included choledocholithiasis (9), cholecystitis (3), and pancreatitis (1). Nearly half (6/13) of patients with complicated cholelithiasis had CHD. Of infants presenting with complications, 9 had a cholecystectomy, most commonly via a laparoscopic approach, 2 had an ERCP for choledocholithiasis, and 2 were medically managed. In patients managed conservatively, resolution of gallstones occurred in 25%. Infantile cholelithiasis has variable outcomes ranging from spontaneous resolution to choledocholithiasis or cholecystitis. While patients with complicated cholelithiasis often undergo an operation, infants <1year of age have higher anesthetic and surgical risks. Conservative management with ERCP or medical treatment can also be successful, which offers an alternative to operative intervention in properly selected patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Won Kyu; Byun, Woo Mok; Kim, Dong Suk [Yeungnam Univ. School of Medicine, Kyongsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-05-01

    Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is an uncommon variety of ganglioglioma that shows evidence of glial and ganglionic differentiation accompanied by an extreme desmoplastic reaction. A 16-month-old girl was admitted with a six-day history of left hemiparesis. MR imaging demonstrated a large multiseptated cystic mass, with a solid portion, in the white matter of the right frontotemporoparietal lobe. After contrast injections, the solid portion was clearly enhanced. The presence of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma was confirmed by surgical resection. We describe the characteristic radiologic and pathologic features of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma, and include a review of the literature.

  2. Genetics of Infantile Bilateral Striatal Necrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The gene mutation causing autosomal recessive infantile bilateral striatal necrosis (IBSN was identified in eight consanguineous Israeli Bedouin families, in a study at Schneider Children’s Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel, and other centers.

  3. Linear Nevus Sebaceum Syndrome and Infantile Spasms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Two infants with linear nevus sebaceum syndrome and infantile spasms are reported from Safra Childrens Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; and Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

  4. Infantile myofibromatosis: report of nine patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larralde, Margarita; Hoffner, Mariana V; Boggio, Paula; Abad, María Eugenia; Luna, Paula C; Correa, Noemí

    2010-01-01

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare fibrous tumor of infancy that can be solitary or multiple. Although most of the cases are limited to the skin, in some instances systemic involvement can be present. Solitary tumors limited to the skin usually present a good prognosis with spontaneous regression. We performed a retrospective observational review of the clinical and pathologic characteristics of nine patients diagnosed as having infantile myofibromatosis, followed during a 10-year period in a Pediatric Dermatology Department.

  5. Renal Osteodystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aynur Metin Terzibaşoğlu

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Chronic renal insufficiency is a functional definition which is characterized by irreversible and progressive decreasing in renal functions. This impairment is in collaboration with glomeruler filtration rate and serum creatinine levels. Besides this, different grades of bone metabolism disorders develop in chronic renal insufficiency. Pathologic changes in bone tissue due to loss of renal paranchyme is interrelated with calcium, phosphorus vitamine-D and parathyroid hormone. Clinically we can see high turnover bone disease, low turnover bone disease, osteomalacia, osteosclerosis and osteoporosis in renal osteodystropy. In this article we aimed to review pathology of bone metabolism disorders due to chronic renal insufficiency, clinic aspects and treatment approaches briefly.

  6. Genetics Home Reference: infantile-onset spinocerebellar ataxia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Understand Genetics Home Health Conditions IOSCA infantile-onset spinocerebellar ataxia Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. ... PDF Open All Close All Description Infantile-onset spinocerebellar ataxia ( IOSCA ) is a progressive disorder that affects the ...

  7. Renal perfusion scintiscan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renal perfusion scintigraphy; Radionuclide renal perfusion scan; Perfusion scintiscan - renal; Scintiscan - renal perfusion ... supply the kidneys. This is a condition called renal artery stenosis. Significant renal artery stenosis may be ...

  8. Condiciones familiares y maltrato infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Platone

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio discute las condiciones familiares (estructura y patrones interactivos del sistema familiar, consideradas como factores de riesgo en el maltrato infantil. Método. Investigación descriptiva multivariada (cuantitativa y cualitativa. Se analizaron los datos obtenidos en un estudio retrospetivo (1970-2000 en muestras representativas de escolares de escuelas públicas y privadas del área metropolitana de Caracas, Venezuela, en edades comprendidas de 5 a 13 años, y desde preescolar hasta el 6ª grado de escuela básica. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: 1 El dibujo de la familia, 2 encuesta al nino (a. 3 encuesta al docente acerca de las condiciones familiares del escolar y su adaptación a las actividades de aula. El análisis estadístico fue realizado con el programa spss 10.0. Resultados. Los datos significativos (÷2 >0.05 acerca de la estructura familiar, de los patrones de interacción, las pautas de socialización y la adaptación escolar entre los niños de escuela pública y privada son discutidos, señalando, además, los cambios relevantes entre estas variables en las investigaciones de los años 2000 y 1970. Discusión. En los escolares con pobre adaptación escolar, se evidenciaron las siguientes condiciones familiares: 1 estructura familiar difusa, es decir, el niño no discrimina la figura de autoridad dentro del sistema familiar. 2 hay pocas interacciones y actividades recreativas. 3 los niños no logran identificarse con algún miembro adulto de la familia; tienden a desvalorizarse (baja autoestima, y presentan relaciones conflictivas dentro del hogar. 4 predominan los castigos físicos o la indiferencia sobre otros métodos disciplinarios. 5 los docentes reportan negligencia del representante en atender a la alimentación e higiene del escolar y dificultad en reunirse con los representantes. Al relacionar estas condiciones con la noción de «maltrato infantil», encontramos que existe un alto índice de factores de

  9. Trabajo infantil e inasistencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sandoval Ávila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Trabajo infantil e inasistencia escolar El capitalismo neoliberal ha generalizado la pobreza que obliga a muchas familias a recurrir al trabajo de los hijos para poder subsistir. Por el trabajo, los menores desertan de la escuela. Cuando adultos, por la pérdida en educación, sólo podrán acceder a las ocupaciones de menor calificación y peor pagadas. Por ello, tienen muchas probabilidades de ser los futuros padres de nuevos niños trabajadores reproduciendo intergeneracionalmente la pobreza. La educación es el primer paso para romper el círculo de la pobreza; hay relación entre los niveles de educación y las remuneraciones que las ersonas pueden alcanzar. El desarrollo descansa en el acelerado cambio tecnológico que no es más que el conocimiento científico aplicado a la producción. Crear conocimiento supone educación superior, y en la base de ésta está la educación básica, que es el cimiento de cualquier modelo de desarrollo que aspire a la equidad. No educar a los menores significa desperdiciar la formación de capital humano, ello traba el desarrollo nacional. Sin educación no habrá capital humano calificado como motor básico de la productividad y la competitividad.

  10. Myeloid Cells in Infantile Hemangioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Matthew R.; Reinisch, John; Friedlander, Sheila Fallon; Friedlander, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Little is known about the pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas despite the fact that they are relatively common tumors. These benign neoplasms occur in as many as 1 in 10 births, and although rarely life threatening, hemangiomas can pose serious concerns to the cosmetic and psychosocial development of the afflicted child. Ulceration, scarring, and disfigurement are significant problems as are encroachment of the ear and eye, which can threaten hearing and vision. The precise mechanisms controlling the rapid growth observed in the first months of life and the spontaneous involution that follows throughout the course of years remain unknown. In this report we demonstrate the presence of large numbers of hematopoietic cells of the myeloid lineage in proliferating hemangiomas and propose a mechanism for the observed evolution of these lesions that is triggered by hypoxia and involves the participation of myeloid cells. We report the results of experiments using myeloid markers (CD83, CD32, CD14, CD15) that unexpectedly co-labeled hemangioma endothelial cells, providing new evidence that these cells are distinct from normal endothelium. PMID:16436675

  11. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noelia Enriz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  12. Potencialidades del dibujo infantil en las aulas de Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Zufiaur-Bolinaga, Oiana

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo contiene una propuesta de aplicación del dibujo y sus potencialidades en las aulas de Educación Infantil. A la propuesta le antecede un marco teórico que avala la idoneidad del dibujo infantil como herramienta esta etapa, y que aborda los antecedentes del tema (desde la grafología en general hasta el propio dibujo infantil), así como las pautas y las conclusiones más relevantes de algunos de los estudios relacionados con relación al análisis e interpretación...

  13. Trabajo Doméstico Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

    1999-01-01

    El quinto Innocenti Digest se ocupa del grupo de trabajadores infantiles que probablemente sea el más numeroso y también el más desatendido: el de los trabajadores domésticos infantiles. Los escasos estudios disponibles relativos a esta 'mano de obra invisible' indican que en el 90% de los casos se trata de niñas, en su mayor parte de 12 a 17 años de edad, y a veces con jornadas laborales de 15 horas. Además de ser una de las ocupaciones más antiguas del mundo, el trabajo doméstico infantil e...

  14. PORNOGRAFÍA INFANTIL EN INTERNET

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Negredo; Óscar Herrero

    2016-01-01

    La descarga, intercambio y producción de pornografía infantil es una conducta delictiva de importancia creciente. La explotación cruel de menores y su vínculo con otros problemas como el abuso sexual despiertan preocupación social y académica. El presente trabajo aborda la naturaleza del fenómeno, las características de los materiales que se etiquetan como pornografía infantil, los rasgos psicológicos de los usuarios y los programas de tratamiento existentes.

  15. PORNOGRAFÍA INFANTIL EN INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Negredo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La descarga, intercambio y producción de pornografía infantil es una conducta delictiva de importancia creciente. La explotación cruel de menores y su vínculo con otros problemas como el abuso sexual despiertan preocupación social y académica. El presente trabajo aborda la naturaleza del fenómeno, las características de los materiales que se etiquetan como pornografía infantil, los rasgos psicológicos de los usuarios y los programas de tratamiento existentes.

  16. RENAL CRYOABLATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Govorov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal cryoablation is an alternative minimally-invasive method of treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma. The main advantages of this methodology include visualization of the tumor and the forming of "ice ball" in real time, fewer complications compared with other methods of treatment of renal cell carcinoma, as well as the possibility of conducting cryotherapy in patients with concomitant pathology. Compared with other ablative technologies cryoablation has a low rate of repeat sessions and good intermediate oncological results. The studies of long-term oncological and functional results of renal cryoablation are presently under way.

  17. Renal angiomyolipoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm-Nielsen, P; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt

    1988-01-01

    lesion. Three cases of renal angiomyolipoma, 2 of which underwent perfusion-fixation, were studied by electron microscopy to clarify the cellular composition of this lesion. In the smooth muscle cells abundant accumulation of glycogen was found, whereas the lipocytes disclosed normal ultrastructural......-specific vesicular structures. These findings suggest a secondary vascular damage, i.e. the thickened vessels may not be a primary, integral part of renal angiomyolipoma. Evidence of a common precursor cell of renal angiomyolipoma was not disclosed. It is concluded that renal angiomyolipoma is a hamartoma composed...

  18. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOELIA ENRIZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a different approach to children's ideas about the geographical area in the particular context of the Mbyá Guarani population, from Misiones (Argentine. The territorial fragility, that is exposed to the indigenous people in Argentina aremanifested daily in several areas. Mbyá population, has been crossed by the boundaries of national states of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina. The sedentary and enclosures land processes in different states, have prompted changes in the logic of subsistence, housing and community organization. In Misiones province case, bureaucratic accreditation of land titles is postponed, the state is not committed to the realization of this right.RESUMEN: En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  19. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for infantile osteopetrosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Orchard, Paul J.; Fasth, Anders L.; Le Rademacher, Jennifer L.; He, Wensheng; Boelens, Jaap Jan; Horwitz, Edwin M.; Al-Seraihy, Amal; Ayas, Mouhab; Bonfim, Carmem M.; Boulad, Farid; Lund, Troy; Buchbinder, David K.; Kapoor, Neena; OBrien, Tracey A.; Perez, Miguel A Diaz; Veys, Paul A.; Eapen, Mary

    2015-01-01

    We report the international experience in outcomes after related and unrelated hematopoietic transplantation for infantile osteopetrosis in 193 patients. Thirty-four percent of transplants used grafts from HLA-matched siblings, 13% from HLA-mismatched relatives, 12% from HLA-matched, and 41% from HL

  20. Infantile Amnesia: Forgotten but Not Gone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Stella; Callaghan, Bridget L.; Richardson, Rick

    2014-01-01

    Unlike adult memories that can be remembered for many years, memories that are formed early in life are more fragile and susceptible to being forgotten (a phenomenon known as "infantile" or "childhood" amnesia). Nonetheless, decades of research in both humans and nonhuman animals demonstrate the importance of early life…

  1. Biofeedback: Infant asthma Biofeedback: asma infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Nombela

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The present study is a revision of the different applications of biofeedback in infantile bronchial asthma. The technique may be used on its own (preferably in the motor area or in conjunction with other techniques such as hypnosis, relaxation, etc. However, it should be stated that previous work published in this field is difficult to interpret since results are inconclusive, it is, therefore, difficult to produce a scientific summary.

    KEY WORDS: Biofeedback; infantile asthma; respiratory biofeedback.

    Con este trabajo se pretende hacer una revisión sobre las distintas aplicaciones del biofeedback en el asma bronquial infantil, bien solo (preferentemente en el campo motriz o bien asociado a otras técnicas de hipnosis, relajación, etc. Aunque es necesario manifestar que la producción científica relacionada con el tema, hace que tenga una difícil valoración dado que sus resultados son no concluyentes y discutibles, lo cual dificulta la elaboración de un resumen científico.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Biofeedback; asma infantil; biofeedback respiratorio

  2. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic (Review)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobson, D.; Lucassen, P.L.; Miller, J.J.; Vlieger, A.M.; Prescott, P.; Lewith, G.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder, affecting around one in six families, and in 2001 was reported to cost the UK National Health Service in excess of pound65 million per year (Morris 2001). Although it usually remits by six months of age, there is some evidence of longer-term sequelae

  3. Uma biblioteca infantil nos arredores de Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Cepeda, Isabel Maria

    2004-01-01

    Descreve-se o funcionamento de uma biblioteca infantil modelo - a Biblioteca de Clamart - pondo-se em evidência os vários recursos que oferece à educação das crianças num ambiente original e perfeitamente adequado.

  4. Renal cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Corgna, Enrichetta; Betti, Maura; Gatta, Gemma; Roila, Fausto; De Mulder, Pieter H. M.

    2007-01-01

    In Europe, renal cancer (that is neoplasia of the kidney, renal pelvis or ureter (ICD-9 189 and ICD-10 C64-C66)) ranks as the seventh most common malignancy in men amongst whom there are 29,600 new cases each year (3.5% of all cancers). Tobacco, obesity and a diet poor in vegetables are all acknowle

  5. Renal fallure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    920705 Endothelin and acute renal failure:study on their relationship and possiblemechanisms. LIN Shanyan(林善锬), et al.Renal Res Lab, Huashan Hosp, Shanghai MedUniv, Shanghai, 200040. Natl Med J China 1992;72(4): 201-205. In order to investigate the role of endothelin

  6. Renal cancer.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Corgna, E.; Betti, M.; Gatta, G.; Roila, F.; Mulder, P.H.M. de

    2007-01-01

    In Europe, renal cancer (that is neoplasia of the kidney, renal pelvis or ureter (ICD-9 189 and ICD-10 C64-C66)) ranks as the seventh most common malignancy in men amongst whom there are 29,600 new cases each year (3.5% of all cancers). Tobacco, obesity and a diet poor in vegetables are all

  7. Renal cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Corgna, Enrichetta; Betti, Maura; Gatta, Gemma; Roila, Fausto; De Mulder, Pieter H. M.

    2007-01-01

    In Europe, renal cancer (that is neoplasia of the kidney, renal pelvis or ureter (ICD-9 189 and ICD-10 C64-C66)) ranks as the seventh most common malignancy in men amongst whom there are 29,600 new cases each year (3.5% of all cancers). Tobacco, obesity and a diet poor in vegetables are all

  8. Renal teratogens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Thomas M; Jones, Deborah P; Cooper, William O

    2014-09-01

    In utero exposure to certain drugs early in pregnancy may adversely affect nephrogenesis. Exposure to drugs later in pregnancy may affect the renin-angiotensin system, which could have an impact on fetal or neonatal renal function. Reduction in nephron number and renal function could have adverse consequences for the child several years later. Data are limited on the information needed to guide decisions for patients and providers regarding the use of certain drugs in pregnancy. The study of drug nephroteratogenicity has not been systematized, a large, standardized, global approach is needed to evaluate the renal risks of in utero drug exposures.

  9. Sarcoidose renal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AQUINO MARIA ENEDINA CLAUDINO DE

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Em uma mulher de 62 anos, branca, em avaliação pré-operatória de facectomia, foram detectadas alterações urinárias, tendo sido firmados os diagnósticos de calculose renal esquerda e exclusão renal homolateral. No pré-operatório da nefrectomia foram evidenciados processo pulmonar intersticial bilateral e adenopatia torácica, cuja investigação foi adiada para após a cirurgia. No rim retirado foram detectados granulomas epitelióides não necrotizantes, o mesmo ocorrendo posteriormente em biópsia transbrônquica. A paciente foi tratada com metilprednisolona, com discreta melhora pulmonar, o que não ocorreu com a função renal. O diagnóstico final foi de sarcoidose com envolvimento pulmonar, ganglionar torácico e renal.

  10. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930150 Epidermal growth factor and its recep-tor in the renal tissue of patients with acute re-nal failure and normal persons.LIU Zhihong(刘志红),et al.Jinling Hosp,Nanjing,210002.Natl Med J China 1992;72(10):593-595.Epidermal growth factor(EGF)and its receptor(EGF-R)were identified by immunohis-tochemical method(4 layer PAP)in the renaltissue specimens obtained from 11 normal kid-neys and 17 cases of acute renal failure(ARF).The quantitative EGF and EGF-R in the tissuewere expressed as positive tubules per mm~2.The amount of EGF and EGF-R in renal tissue

  11. Psicoterapia Infantil em Grupo: Possibilidades de Escuta de Subjetividades

    OpenAIRE

    Maísa Campos Guimarães; Jéssica Helena Vaz Malaquias; Regina Lúcia Sucupira Pedroza

    2013-01-01

    La psicoterapia infantil está en constante proceso de formación. Junto al cuerpo teórico de conocimiento, se hace necesario que los psicoterapeutas infantiles estén en constante dialogo con su manera de actuar, elaboren y transmitan nuevos conocimientos sobre la práctica de clínica infantil. En ese sentido, el presente artículo tiene como objetivo traer nuevas reflexiones acerca de la clínica infantil, fundamentada en la Psicoanálisis y en la Psicología Socio-Histórica, y contextualizada en u...

  12. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    2005234 Association between serum fetuin-A and clinical outcome in end-stage renal disease patients. WANG Kai(王开), Dept Renal Dis, Renji Hosp Shanghai, 2nd Med Univ, Shanghai 200001. Chin J Nephrol, 2005;21(2):72-75. Objective: To investigate the change of serum fetuin-A level before and after dialysis, and the association of serum fetuin-A level with clinical parameters

  13. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    950351 Serum erythropoietin levels in chronic renalinsufficiency.ZHAI Depei(翟德佩),et al.DeptNephrol.General Hosp,Tianjin Med Univ,Tianjin,300000.Tianjin Med J 1995;23(1):19-21.Patients with chronic renal insufficiency(CRI) areoften associated with anemia.The deficiency of EPOproduction in the kidney is thought to be a key factorin the pathogenesis of renal anemia.Serum erythropoi-

  14. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008463 Protective effect of recombination rat augmenter of liver regeneration on kidney in acute renal failure rats. TANG Xiaopeng(唐晓鹏), et al. Dept Nephrol, 2nd Affili Hosp Chongqing Med Univ, Chongqing 400010.Chin J Nephrol 2008;24(6):417-421. Objective To investigate the protective effects of recombination rat augmenter of liver regeneration (rrALR) on tubular cell injury and renal dysfunction

  15. Renal Hemangiopericytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim Halil Bozkurt

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiopericytoma is an uncommon perivascular tumor originating from pericytes in the pelvis, head and tneck, and the meninges; extremely rarely in the urinary system. We report a case of incidentally detected renal mass in which radiologic evaluation was suggestive of renal cell carcinoma. First, we performed partial nephrectomy, and then, radical nephrectomy because of positive surgical margins and the pathological examination of the surgical specimen that revealed a hemangiopericytoma. No additional treatment was administered.

  16. Management of infantile hemangiomas: Current trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomathy Sethuraman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas (IH are common vascular tumours. IH have a characteristic natural course. They proliferate rapidly during the early infantile period followed by a period of gradual regression over several years. Most of the uncomplicated IH undergo spontaneous involution, with a small proportion of cases requiring intervention. These are children with IH in life-threatening locations, local complications like haemorrhage, ulceration and necrosis and functional or cosmetic disfigurements. Systemic corticosteroids have been the first line of treatment for many years. Recently, non-selective beta-blockers, such as oral propranalol and topical timolol, have emerged as promising and safer therapies. Other treatment options include interferon α and vincristine which are reserved for life-threatening haemangiomas that are unresponsive to conventional therapy. This review mainly focuses on the current trends and evidence-based approach in the management of IH.

  17. Infantile pyknocytosis: effectiveness of erythropoietin treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Buzzi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Infantile pyknocytosis is a rare form of neonatal haemolytic anaemia with unusual red cell morphology. Anaemia is mostly severe and red blood cells transfusion is often needed. In this report, we have described a male child aged 10 days, born at 37 weeks + 3 days, who presented neonatal jaundice and severe anaemia. After a careful peripheral blood smear examination, infantile pyknocytosis was diagnosed. A treatment with recombinant subcutaneous erythropoietin (1,000 UI/prokg/week in conjunction with iron supplementation (6 mg/kg/day was started. The therapy was reduced 6 weeks after the beginning and discontinued 4 weeks after the reaching of a steady state of the haemoglobin values. After 12 months of follow up, the patient showed no anaemia and pyknocytosis.

  18. Infantile Refsum disease: serial evaluation with MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakirer, Sinan; Savas, Mahmut R

    2005-02-01

    Refsum disease is a rare metabolic disorder, which is characterized by the accumulation of phytanic acid in the blood and tissues, including the brain. A variant of this condition that occurs in young children is called infantile Refsum disease. The MRI findings of symmetrical signal change involving the corticospinal tracts, cerebellar dentate nuclei, and corpus callosum are characteristic. We report the serial MRI findings of a child with this rare metabolic disorder.

  19. Infantile refsum disease in four Amish sibs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bader, P I; Dougherty, S; Cangany, N; Raymond, G; Jackson, C E

    2000-01-17

    Infantile Refsum disease (IRD) appears with varying degrees of impaired vision, hearing loss, developmental delays, and neuromotor deficiencies. We report on four Amish sibs with IRD from a consanguineous marriage; biochemical testing supported the diagnosis of IRD. Of particular interest in this sibship are characteristic poorly formed yellow-orange teeth in at least three of the four affected sibs and behavior problems in the affected females.

  20. Infantile Refsum disease: serial evaluation with MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cakirer, Sinan; Savas, Mahmut R. [Sisli Etfal Hospital, Neuroradiology Section, Department of Radiology, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2005-02-01

    Refsum disease is a rare metabolic disorder, which is characterized by the accumulation of phytanic acid in the blood and tissues, including the brain. A variant of this condition that occurs in young children is called infantile Refsum disease. The MRI findings of symmetrical signal change involving the corticospinal tracts, cerebellar dentate nuclei, and corpus callosum are characteristic. We report the serial MRI findings of a child with this rare metabolic disorder. (orig.)

  1. Infantile iatrogenic cushing′s syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katar Selahattin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available High potency or/and extended use of topical corticosteroids, particularly in children, may cause suppression of the hypothalamopituitary-adrenal axis. However, iatrogenic Cushing′s syndrome in infantile age group is very rare and only a few patients have been reported to date in the literature. Here, we report a case of iatrogenic Cushing′s syndrome in a 6-month-old male child whose parents have admitted to the hospital for overweight and skin fragility.

  2. POLGI Mutations in Infantile Hepatocerebral Syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Nine patients, 2 sibling pairs and 5 singleton cases, with POLGI mutations associated with infantile fatal encephalopathy and hepatopathy, 8 having typical Alpers’ syndrome (Alpers’ hepatopathic poliodystrophy and one a severe floppy infant syndrome with hepatic failure, are reported from the National Institute of Neurology, Milano; Meyer Children’s Hospital, Florence; University of Verona; University Hospital, Monza, Italy; and University Children’s Hospital, Hamburg, Germany.

  3. Infantile hemangiomas: from pathogenesis to clinical features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosenblatt A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Adena Rosenblatt,1 Erin F Mathes,2 Kristina W Rosbe31Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, 2Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Departments of Dermatology and Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, 3Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USAAbstract: Infantile hemangiomas (IH are benign vascular tumors consisting of a collection of immature cells, including progenitor stem cells and disorganized blood vessels. They are the most common benign tumors in childhood. Recently, there have been significant, exciting advancements in the understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of infantile hemangiomas, which are discussed in this review. The decision to initiate treatment for IH is based on many factors, including size and location, functional compromise, psychosocial implications, and risks and benefits of the proposed therapy. For most families of children with hemangiomas, education about the natural history of IH and reassurance are often the only "treatment" required. A minority of patients with large, complex lesions or lesions that cause functional compromise require early intervention. These patients and families benefit from a multidisciplinary approach to care in vascular birthmark centers. Ongoing multi-institutional clinical trials will provide further important data on the efficacy and safety of hemangioma treatments.Keywords: progenitor stem cell, glucose transporter 1, PHACES, LUMBAR, infantile hemangioma

  4. The infantile in the analytic relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guignard, F

    1995-12-01

    The author examines the narcissistic and relational aspects of the preconscious functioning of the analytic couple in order to bring out the drive-related, developmental and structural elements of the infantile in their relationship. She considers that any disruption of the specific tone of an analysis indicates a change in the level of drive excitation, which is experienced unconsciously in the transference and countertransference as the loss of a significant internal object and gives rise to a representational deficiency. Where this is due to the impact of the infantile-in-the-patient on his own preconscious, the analyst suffers a blind spot. As long as he can desist from using 'blocking representations', the effect will be to repress the unrepresented wish and at the same time to create a framing and containing preform beneficial to the treatment. In the author's view, the analyst deals with his blind spot by a 'work of the negative' à la André Green, through denial of his fantasy of seduction by the infantile omnipotence of the analysand. This model can also be used to investigate the termination criteria of the analyst's own analysis and the economic situation of repression in the psychoanalyst's work.

  5. Infantile esotropia: risk factors associated with reoperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magli A

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Adriano Magli,1 Luca Rombetto,2 Francesco Matarazzo,2 Roberta Carelli1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Orthoptics and Pediatric Ophthalmology, University of Salerno, Salerno, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify clinical and demographic factors associated with misalignment after first surgery performed on children affected by infantile esotropia to evaluate the reoperation rate. A retrospective study was carried out, analyzing data from 525 children who underwent bilateral medial recti recession, bilateral lateral recti resection, and inferior oblique recession and anteroposition by the same surgeon (AM. Postoperative evaluation included assessment of motor alignment at approximately 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 5 years. Statistical analysis was performed with a logistical regression model in which the dependent variable was the presence/absence of reoperation. We found that late surgery (after 3 years of age and a family history of strabismus are associated with a higher risk of reoperation, while some clinical factors, including some classically associated with worst motor outcome as preoperative angle, dissociated vertical deviation, and amblyopia, did not influence the incidence of reoperation in infantile esotropia. Male patients and patients with hyperopia in preoperative examinations have a significantly decreased reoperation rate. Keywords: infantile esotropia, risk factors, reoperation

  6. The International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srigley, John R; Delahunt, Brett; Eble, John N; Egevad, Lars; Epstein, Jonathan I; Grignon, David; Hes, Ondrej; Moch, Holger; Montironi, Rodolfo; Tickoo, Satish K; Zhou, Ming; Argani, Pedram

    2013-10-01

    were elucidated. Outside of the epithelial category, advances in our understanding of angiomyolipoma, including the epithelioid and epithelial cystic variants, were considered. In addition, the apparent relationship between cystic nephroma and mixed epithelial and stromal tumor was discussed, with the consensus that these tumors form a spectrum of neoplasia. Finally, it was thought that the synovial sarcoma should be removed from the mixed epithelial and mesenchymal category and placed within the sarcoma group. The new classification is to be referred to as the International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia.

  7. Physiological Regulation and Infantile Anorexia: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatoor, Irene; Ganiban, Jody; Surles, Jaclyn; Doussard-Roosevelt, Jane

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether infantile anorexia is associated with physiological dysregulation. Method: This study included eight toddlers with infantile anorexia and eight healthy eaters matched for age, race, socioeconomic status, and gender. Physiological measures of heart period and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were assessed across three…

  8. El maltrato infantil y la credibilidad del testimonio en menores

    OpenAIRE

    Fagúndez Gómez, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos años ha aumentado de forma exponencial la investigación acerca del maltrato infantil, ya que se considera un acto reprobable y completamente perjudicial para el menor. Este estudio tiene como finalidad dar a conocer los tipos de maltrato infantil existentes y la metodología que se puede utilizar para detectarlos.

  9. Treatment of Infantile Night Crying by Dr. SHAN's Infantile Tuina Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Lan-feng

    2004-01-01

    In order to observe the clinical effect of Tuina therapy for infantile night crying, 20 cases of infantile night crying were treated by Dr. SHAN's infantile Tuina therapy upon pattern identification.In 20 cases, the results showed cure in 12 cases, improvement in 6 cases, failure in 2 cases and the total effective rate in 90.0%. Dr. SHAN's infantile Tuina therapy was created by late Dr. SHAN Ji-ping and is remarkably effective in the therapeutic effects and easy to be accepted by sick children.%观察以推拿疗法治疗小儿夜啼的临床效果.对20例小儿夜啼采用单氏小儿推拿法辨证治疗.20例患者,治愈12例,好转6例,无效2例,总有效率90.0%.单氏小儿推拿法由已故单吉平医师所创,疗效显著,易受患儿所接受.

  10. Renal Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as “simple” cysts, meaning they have a thin wall and contain water-like fluid. Renal cysts are fairly common in ... simple kidney cysts, meaning they have a thin wall and only water-like fluid inside. They are fairly common in ...

  11. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    970363 Effect on serum PTH and 1, 25(OH)2 D3levels of rapid correction of metabolic acidosis in CRFpatients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. YUANQunsheng(袁群生), et al. Renal Div, PUMC Hosp,Beijing, 100730. Chin J Nephrol 1996; 12(6): 328-331.

  12. Drug-induced renal injury

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drugs can cause acute renal failure by causing pre-renal, intrinsic or post-renal toxicity. Pre-renal ... incidence of drug dose adjustment in renal impairment in the SAMJ. ... Fever, haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, renal impairment and.

  13. Educacão infantil na Noruega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulina da Rocha Lordelo

    Full Text Available Em comparação com os demais países nórdicos, a Noruega tem uma história mais recente de educação infantil. Um sistema disseminado e com forte financiamento público só se tornou disponível a partir dos anos 70. A descrição desse sistema de educação infantil contida neste artigo inclui um breve histórico, informações sobre financiamento, responsabilidades e custos, disposições legais sobre pessoal - formação necessária e condições de trabalho, bem como instalações, equipamentos e materiais. Todo o sistema é regulado por legislação nacional, preservando ampla liberdade de planejamento e ação para as próprias instituições e o pessoal envolvido. Os objetivos e metas, conteúdos e métodos, a pedagogia como idéias sustentadas e práticas assumidas constituem o foco central do artigo, especialmente a ênfase dedicada à brincadeira e ao trabalho criativo. Acompanhando o relato, o artigo propõe algumas comparações com a situação brasileira, enfatizando as diferenças legais, culturais e pedagógicas que podem ser observadas nos dois sistemas, buscando-se refletir sobre lições que podem ser extraídas e usadas na avaliação do sistema de educação infantil no Brasil.

  14. Audiological findings in Infantile Refsum disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandana, V P; Bindu, Parayil Sankaran; Nagappa, Madhu; Sinha, Sanjib; Taly, Arun B

    2015-08-01

    Audiological manifestations in a four-year-old child with Infantile Refsum disease are reported. He was born to non-consanguineous parents and had normal birth history and mildly delayed milestones prior to presentation. Clinical features were characterized by neuroregression, retinitis pigmentosa, hearing loss, peripheral neuropathy and white matter signal changes on magnetic resonance imaging. Biochemical evaluation showed elevated serum levels of long chain fatty acid and phytanic acid confirming the diagnosis. The audiological profile was characterized by absent auditory brainstem responses with robust otocoustic emissions, which indicated auditory neuropathy as the possible cause of hearing loss.

  15. Obesidad infantil y enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Fuertes Durán, Ana María

    2014-01-01

    La obesidad es la acumulación de grasa que puede alterar la salud de la persona. Los datos epidemiológicos actuales demuestran un aumento significativo en la población infantil a nivel mundial y en España, destacando el grado de epidemia que remarca la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Esto justifica el trabajo de investigación sobre el conocimiento del tema a tratar desde un punto teórico, para apoyar las acciones prácticas en su prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento, por l...

  16. Estilos educativos parentales y obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Alzate Yepes, Teresa de J.

    2012-01-01

    Esta tesis corresponde a un estudio exploratorio relacional sobre los Estilos Educativos de los padres y el estado nutricional de niños y niñas de tres instituciones educativas de la Comunidad Valenciana de España; precisa la relación existente entre la obesidad infantil y los estilos educativos de las madres, por ser ellas quienes mayoritariamente participaron en la muestra. Se utilizaron las escalas propuestas por Alonso y Román (2003) para evaluar los Estilos Educativos, y el Índice de...

  17. La realidad del trabajo infantil en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Valencia González, Juliana; Gutiérrez Ramírez, Isabel Cristina

    2008-01-01

    El trabajo infantil es un fenómeno que preocupa a la sociedad actual, en tanto actúa en detrimento de uno de los grupos más vulnerables de la población. Dentro de sus principales consecuencias, además de ser un claro impedimento para que las niñas, los niños y los adolescentes satisfagan sus necesidades de educación, recreación, sano esparcimiento, entre otros, se presume que la vinculación temprana al trabajo tiene repercusiones negativas en la salud física y mental de los menores y, a futur...

  18. Plantas medicinales utilizadas en la salud infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, ADZ.; T. Ceolin; Vargas, NRC.; Heck, RM.; Vasconcellos, CL.; Borges, AM.; Mendieta, MC.

    2011-01-01

    Identificar las plantas medicinales utilizadas en la salud infantil por familias de agricultores de base ecológica de la región Sur de Río Grande do Sul, Brasil. El enfoque de investigación es cualitativo, exploratorio y descriptivo, con datos recogidos de enero a mayo de 2009. Los sujetos fueron ocho familias de agricultores, residentes en los municipios de Pelotas, Morro Redondo, Canguçu y Arroio do Padre. Seis plantas fueron citadas (Chrysanthemun cinerariifolium, Foeniculum vulgare, Acca ...

  19. Proyecto ejecutivo de instalaciones en centro infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Russo Murillo, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto trata sobre el desarrollo del proyecto ejecutivo de instalaciones de un edificio destinado a centro de educación infantil de gestión privada, situado en el término municipal de Viladecans. Tal y como se ha indicado en el resumen de esta memoria, el proyecto queda definido en dos tomos, en este primer tomo, primeramente se describe la ubicación y descripción del edificio, definiendo así las plantas y espacios que lo forman; en segunda parte se presentan toda...

  20. Sclerotherapy for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chander Grover

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sclerotherapy is a simple, technically easy and effective mode of treatment for infantile hemangiomas (IH. It acts by blocking the growth of actively proliferating lesions, by targeting their vascularity accelerating their regression. Polidocanol is a commonly used sclerosant. We report two interesting cases of IH treated solely with polidocanol sclerotherapy and discuss the unique place this modality has in the armamentarium against IH. Sclerotherapy was found to be especially useful for large, exuberant and pedunculated lesions, producing rapid regression and preventing the disfiguring sequelae which are likely if large or pedunculated lesions are left to involute on their own.

  1. Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özge Gündüz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH is an autosomal recessive, rare disorder in which hyaline deposition occurs in multiple organ systems, including the skin. It is characterised by painful joint contractures, gingival hypertrophy, generalized osteopenia, small pearly papules on the head, flesh nodules in the perianal region, and usually thickened skin. The onset occurs within the first few weeks of life and death occurs by two years of age as a result of recurrent pulmonary infections and diarrhea. Unfortunately, treatment is primarily palliative as there is no cure currently available. Herein, we report an 8-month-old boy who is diagnosed with ISH with the characteristic clinical presentation and histopathological findings.

  2. Reflexo do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Camargo, Sônia de Fátima; Vieira Júnior, Hélio

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo propôs verificar se há reflexos do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar. Se á fatores que influenciam nas interações afetivas e subjetivas dos alunos das séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Escola Municipal Professora Ana Cristina de sena município de Sinop – MT. O objetivo do trabalho foi investigar as relações interpessoais em sala de aula e de que forma essas relações acontecem diante do consumismo. Como fundamentação teórica, recorremos aos autores, Zygmunt Bauman, Ann...

  3. Computed tomographic findings in acute infantile hemiplegia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hisanaga, M.; Utsumi, S.; Kyoi, K.; Gega, A.; Tanikake, T. (Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan))

    1981-06-01

    The clinical and computed tomographic findings in four cases of acute infantile hemiplegia that were followed for over ten years are described. The most impressive and common findings in four cases are as follows: 1) Unilateral loss of cerebral volume with displacement of the midline structures to the affected side. 2) Unilateral thicked calvarium and dilated frontal and ethmoid sinus and mastoid air cells on affected side. 3) A dilated lateral ventricle in the affected hemisphere. The recognition of these calvarial changes should indicate that the cerebral abnormalities are the result of an atrophic and hypoplastic process that began in early life.

  4. Obesidad infantil y enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La obesidad es la acumulación de grasa que puede alterar la salud de la persona. Los datos epidemiológicos actuales demuestran un aumento significativo en la población infantil a nivel mundial y en España, destacando el grado de epidemia que remarca la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Esto justifica el trabajo de investigación sobre el conocimiento del tema a tratar desde un punto teórico, para apoyar las acciones prácticas en su prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento, por l...

  5. O acompanhamento ao piano para coro infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Ester Rodrigues Fernandes Leal

    2005-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho trata-se de um estudo detalhado sobre as possibilidades do acompanhamento ao piano específico para coro infantil. Através de uma entrevista realizada com regentes de coros infantis, alguns aspectos da arte de acompanhar foram destacados, os quais juntamente com a bibliografia encontrada a respeito, forneceram material para esta pesquisa. Em sua primeira parte, uma breve trajetória do canto no Brasil chegando até os dias de hoje, é discorrida. Na segunda parte, o tema cen...

  6. Distrofia neuroaxonal infantil: relato de dois casos

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Descrevemos dois casos de distrofia neuroaxonal infantil ou doença de Seitelberger, que é doença rara, neurodegenerativa, com herança autossômica recessiva. O primeiro caso, sexo masculino, com 8 anos de idade, apresentava atraso do desenvolvimento psicomotor, ataxia e fraqueza muscular. Ao exame físico foi encontrado nistagmo horizontal e vertical com palidez do disco óptico, hipotonia e arreflexia profunda. O segundo caso, sexo masculino, com 1 ano e 6 meses de idade, apresentava atraso do ...

  7. La realidad del trabajo infantil en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Valencia González, Juliana; Gutiérrez Ramírez, Isabel Cristina

    2008-01-01

    El trabajo infantil es un fenómeno que preocupa a la sociedad actual, en tanto actúa en detrimento de uno de los grupos más vulnerables de la población. Dentro de sus principales consecuencias, además de ser un claro impedimento para que las niñas, los niños y los adolescentes satisfagan sus necesidades de educación, recreación, sano esparcimiento, entre otros, se presume que la vinculación temprana al trabajo tiene repercusiones negativas en la salud física y mental de los menores y, a futur...

  8. Renal failure (chronic)

    OpenAIRE

    Clase, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Chronic renal failure is characterised by a gradual and sustained decline in renal clearance or glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Continued progression of renal failure will lead to renal function too low to sustain healthy life. In developed countries, such people will be offered renal replacement therapy in the form of dialysis or renal transplantation. Requirement for dialysis or transplantation is termed end-stage renal disease (ESRD).Diabetes, glomerulonephritis, hypertension, pyelone...

  9. A Study of Essential Infantile Esotropia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonam Patel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Essential infantile esotropia is an entity in squint that requires particular attention because of its varied etiology and variable associated findings and that it most of the times requires early surgical intervention. Aims and Objectives: Our aim is to study incidence of occurrence, associated findings and binocular status of these patients. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 50 cases of Essential infantile esotropia who attended squint clinic of a tertiary referral center between September 2009 to September 2012 & were studied for their age of presentation, squint, cycloplegic refraction, binocular status and amblyopia. Results: Amongst 50 cases 46% were male and 54% were female patients. Most i.e. 62% cases presented between 1 to 2 years of age. 76% patients had unilateral deviation. Incidence of amblyopia was 76%. 2% cases had myopia, 90% had mild to moderate hypermetropia, and 8% cases had high hypermetropia. 52% patients had inferior oblique over-action, 28% had nystagmus, 8% had head posture, 8% had Dissociated Vertical Deviation. Stereopsis was not present in a single case. Conclusion: Our study assesses that the age of presentation is between 1 to 2 years. Amblyopia is commonly associated with unilateral deviation. Moderate hypermetropia is common. Inferior oblique over action is the most common association.

  10. Infantile encephalitic beriberi: magnetic resonance imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wani, Nisar A. [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Jammu and Kashmir, Pin (India); Qureshi, Umar A.; Ahmad, Kaiser; Ahmad, Waseem [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Pediatrics, Jammu and Kashmir (India); Jehangir, Majid [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Radiology, Jammu and Kashmir (India)

    2016-01-15

    Thiamine deficiency in infants is still encountered in developing countries. It may present with acute neurological manifestations of infantile encephalitic beriberi. To review brain MRI findings in infantile encephalitic beriberi from a single institution. A retrospective review of MRI scans in 22 infants with acute-onset beriberi encephalopathy was carried out. Hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted images were seen symmetrically in the putamen in all patients, in the caudate nuclei in 16/22 (73%), the thalami in 7/22 (32%) and the globi pallidi in 3/22 (14%) of the infants. Altered signal intensity lesions in the cerebral cortex were seen in 7/22 (32%). The mammillary bodies were seen in one infant and the periaqueductal gray matter in two. There was restricted diffusion in 14/22 (64%), and 6/8 children with no evidence of restriction had been imaged ≥10 days after presentation. MR spectroscopy showed increased lactate peak in 6/8 infants (75%). Recognition of symmetrical T2-W hyperintense lesions in the basal ganglia with restricted diffusion and prominent lactate peak may allow early diagnosis of encephalitic beriberi in at-risk infants. (orig.)

  11. Looking at the Colombian infantile dramaturgy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Avendaño Peña

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is the synthesis of research results Aproximación a un diagnóstico sintáctico del texto teatral dirigido al público infantil en Colombia en el periodo 1995-2005 (Approach to a syntactic diagnosis of the theatrical text aimed at children in Colombia during the period 1995-2005 developed by the authors of the present paper. The main interest is to conduct a study on Colombian infantile dramaturgy, through the analysis of some structural features of dramatic composition of this type of theatre. This qualitative research was exploratory-descriptive level, initially located and identified the children’s plays produced during the study period. After recognizing some their features, proceeded to identify whether the judgments and concepts that are generally used around the children's theatre within the theatre industry are adequate or not, to generate an assessment about the state of the theatrical text, not from a single judgement without foundation, but compared with studies and theoretical reflections on drama and theatrical semiology.

  12. Literatura y juego: Las canciones escenificadas infantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerrillo Torremocha, Pedro C.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to analyze the content and structure of stagey children songs (skipping, rows, swing, playing a game standing in a ring.... These songs are considered to be orally-transmitted compositions, necessarily accompanied by an action that requires either staging or specific body language. I focus on those songs that contain popular and traditional ballads, or parts thereof. Reference is also made to the gradual disappearance of these compositions and the impact of this fact on the way children learn them nowadays, before they are put into writing.

    El autor analiza los contenidos y la estructura organizativa de las canciones escenificadas infantiles (corro, comba, filas, columpio..., que son composiciones que van necesariamente acompañadas de una acción que se representa o, cuando menos, de una serie de gestos muy concretos, deteniéndose expresamente en aquellas canciones infantiles en las que sobreviven romances, o partes de romances, de amplia difusión popular en otros tiempos. En el último apartado, el trabajo se refiere al proceso de desaparición que sufren estas composiciones, lo que provoca un aprendizaje diferente de las mismas (previo paso de la oralidad a la escritura por los niños y niñas de hoy.

  13. Clinical Study on Treatment of Infantile Rotaviral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏连波; 李智军; 陈宝田; 栾图; 高云飞; 李吉来; 孙升云

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of guava leaf (GL) in treating infantile rotaviral enteritis.Methods: Sixty-two patients of rotaviral enteritis were randomly divided into the treated group treated with GL and the control group treated with Gegen Qinlian Decoction. The time for ceasing diarrhea, content of Na+ in blood, content of Na+ and glucose in stool, and the rate of negative conversion of human rotavirus antigen (HRVA) were observed.Results: The 3-day recovery rate in the treated group (87.1%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (58.1%, P<0.05). The time of ceasing diarrhea in the treated group (25.1±9.5 hrs) was significantly shorter than that in the control group (38.7±15.2 hrs, P<0.01). Moreover, content of Na+ and glucose in stool were reduced obviously in the treated group but not in the control group; and negative conversion rate of HRVA in the former group also got better than that in the latter group (87.1% vs 58.1%, P<0.05). Consequently, the effect of GL was superior to that of the control significantly.Conclusion: GL has good curative effect on infantile rotaviral enteritis.

  14. The changing face of complicated infantile hemangioma treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menapace, Deanna [Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix Regional Campus, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education-MN, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Rochester, MN (United States); Mitkov, Mario [Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix Regional Campus, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Towbin, Richard [Phoenix Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Hogeling, Marcia [University of California, Los Angeles, Division of Dermatology, Santa Monica, CA (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors of infancy. A multidisciplinary approach including dermatologists, otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, hematologists/oncologists and interventional/diagnostic radiologists is crucial for appropriate management of children with complicated infantile hemangiomas. Since its unforeseen discovery in 2008, propranolol has become the first-line treatment for infantile hemangiomas, eclipsing systemic corticosteroids and radiologic intervention. There are still, however, uncommon indications for more aggressive interventional management. We review the 2014-updated International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification for vascular anomalies. Additionally, we suggest management algorithms for complicated lesions, including recommendations for radiologic and surgical intervention. (orig.)

  15. Evidence-Based Medicine in the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Robert G; Patel, Krishna G

    2015-08-01

    Over the past decade, the treatment of infantile hemangiomas has undergone dramatic breakthroughs. This review critically evaluates the latest literature that supports the myriad treatment options for infantile hemangiomas. It chronicles the fading role of steroid therapy and evolution of propranolol use as the major treatment modality. Although propranolol is helping this disease become more of a medical disease and less of a surgical dilemma, the report also reveals a continued search to find nonsystemic treatment options. In summary, this is an evidence-based medicine review for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas.

  16. Renale Osteopathie

    OpenAIRE

    Horn S

    2001-01-01

    Die renale Osteopathie umfaßt Erkrankungen des Knochens, die bei Patienten mit chronischen Nierenerkrankungen auftreten, wie den sekundären bzw. tertiären Hyperparathyreoidismus, die adynamische Knochenerkrankung und die Osteopathie nach Nierentransplantation. Durch die Identifikation des Kalzium-Sensing-Rezeptors bzw. des Vitamin D-Rezeptors hat sich unser Verständnis der Zusammenhänge in den letzten Jahren erheblich verbessert. Neue Medikamente versprechen effizientere Prophylaxe- und Thera...

  17. Renale Knochenerkrankungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayer G

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Störungen des Mineral- und Knochenstoffwechsels sind bei fast allen Patienten mit chronischen Nierenerkrankungen anzutreffen. Pathogenetisch spielt eine Neigung zur Phosphatretention bei einer Reduktion der glomerulären Filtrationsrate die zentrale Rolle. Neben typischen, aber sehr variablen Veränderungen der Knochenstruktur (renale Osteopathie besteht auch eine sehr enge Assoziation zwischen diesen Störungen und dem massiv erhöhten kardiovaskulären Risiko der Patienten.

  18. Obesity and renal hemodynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, R. J.; Krikken, J. A.; van der Heide, J. J. Homan; de Jong, P. E.; Navis, G. J.

    2006-01-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for renal damage in native kidney disease and in renal transplant recipients. Obesity is associated with several renal risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes that may convey renal risk, but obesity is also associated with an unfavorable renal hemodynamic profile

  19. Obesity and renal hemodynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, R. J.; Krikken, J. A.; van der Heide, J. J. Homan; de Jong, P. E.; Navis, G. J.

    2006-01-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for renal damage in native kidney disease and in renal transplant recipients. Obesity is associated with several renal risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes that may convey renal risk, but obesity is also associated with an unfavorable renal hemodynamic profile inde

  20. Primary retroperitoneal teratoma and crossed fused renal ectopia with turner's syndrome -a case report-

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yun Jung; Hong, Ki Ung [St. Francisco General Hospital, New York (United States)

    1988-02-15

    In 1938, Turner described a clinical entity in phenotype females characterized by sexual infantilism, congenital webbed neck and cubitus valgus. After then, the occurrence of renal anomalies in patients with Turner's syndrome has been recognized. Associated crossed fused renal ectopia is very rare. Primary retroperitoneal teratoma is also rare and usually during childhood. The authors report a case of primary retroperitoneal teratoma and crossed fused renal ectopia with Turner's syndrome (mosaic type). The clinical, pathological and radiographical findings are reviewed.

  1. Bilateral Renal Mass-Renal Disorder: Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozlem Tiryaki

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 30-year-old woman has presented complaining of weakness and fatigue to her primary care physician. The renal sonography is a routine step in the evaluation of new onset renal failure. When the renal masses have been discovered by sonography in this setting, the functional imaging may be critical. We reported a case about bilateral renal masses in a young female patient with tuberculosis and renal insufficiency. Magnetic resonance (MR has revealed the bilateral renal masses in patient, and this patient has been referred to our hospital for further management. The patient’s past medical and surgical history was unremarkable.

  2. Efectos de la migracion sobre el trabajo infantil en Colombia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Khoudour-Casteras, David

    2009-01-01

    El proposito de este articulo es mostrar que el fuerte incremento del desplazamiento interno y de la migracion internacional en Colombia durante los ultimos anos ha tenido repercusiones sobre el trabajo infantil...

  3. Estado nutricional infantil y estilos educativos familiares: apreciacion de expertos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Canovas Leonhardt, Paz; Alzate Yepes, Teresita

    2013-01-01

    Antecedentes: la obesidad infantil ha sido estudiada de manera amplia en aspectos de diagnostico y tratamiento fundamentalmente, pero aquellos referidos a la prevencion desde factores familiares, no geneticos, han...

  4. Alexander disease with mild dorsal brainstem atrophy and infantile spasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torisu, Hiroyuki; Yoshikawa, Yoko; Yamaguchi-Takada, Yui; Yano, Tamami; Sanefuji, Masafumi; Ishizaki, Yoshito; Sawaishi, Yukio; Hara, Toshiro

    2013-05-01

    We present the case of a Japanese male infant with Alexander disease who developed infantile spasms at 8 months of age. The patient had a cluster of partial seizures at 4 months of age. He presented with mild general hypotonia and developmental delay. Macrocephaly was not observed. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings fulfilled all MRI-based criteria for the diagnosis of Alexander disease and revealed mild atrophy of the dorsal pons and medulla oblongata with abnormal intensities. DNA analysis disclosed a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.1154 C>T, p.S385F) in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene. At 8 months of age, tonic spasms occurred, and electroencephalography (EEG) revealed hypsarrhythmia. Lamotrigine effectively controlled the infantile spasms and improved the abnormal EEG findings. Although most patients with infantile Alexander disease have epilepsy, infantile spasms are rare. This comorbid condition may be associated with the distribution of the brain lesions and the age at onset of Alexander disease.

  5. Estabilidad de supositorios de naproxeno para uso infantil y adulto

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yania Suárez Pérez; Oscar García Pulpeiro; Mabert Placert Álvarez

    ... y química del analito en las nuevas formulaciones. Métodos: se realizó el estudio de estabilidad para formulaciones en fase de desarrollo de supositorios de naproxeno para uso infantil y adulto, teniendo en cuenta...

  6. Distal renal tubular acidosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renal tubular acidosis - distal; Renal tubular acidosis type I; Type I RTA; RTA - distal; Classical RTA ... excreting it into the urine. Distal renal tubular acidosis (Type I RTA) is caused by a defect ...

  7. Proximal renal tubular acidosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renal tubular acidosis - proximal; Type II RTA; RTA - proximal; Renal tubular acidosis type II ... by alkaline substances, mainly bicarbonate. Proximal renal tubular acidosis (Type II RTA) occurs when bicarbonate is not ...

  8. Cor pulmonale in a case of infantile Gaucher's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Soumya; Chatterjee, Sayan; Singhla, Shilpi; Patra, Bijoy; Maheswari, Anu; Seth, Anju

    2011-04-01

    Infantile Gaucher's disease presenting as cor pulmonale is rarely reported in pediatric literature. We report a 3.3 year old boy with infantile Gaucher's disease who presented to us as interstitial lung disease, pulmonary hypertension along with features of cor pulmonale. The high resolution CT findings were typical of interstitial and airspace disease. Cor pulmonale in this patient was a result of severe pulmonary hypertension.

  9. Upper extremity constraint-induced movement therapy in infantile hemiplegia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selvam Ramachandran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemiplegia is one of the clinical forms of cerebral palsy that refers to impaired motor function of one half of the body owing to contralateral brain damage due to prenatal, perinatal and postnatal causes amongst which vascular lesion is the most common causative factor. We report here the effects of constraint-induced movement therapy in a five-year-old female child with infantile hemiplegia on improvement of upper extremity motor skills.

  10. Solitary infantile choriocarcinoma of the liver: MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoef, Marianne van der; Willi, Ulrich V.; Huisman, Thierry A.G.M. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Niggli, Felix K. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Paediatrics, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2004-10-01

    Infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma is a rare, highly malignant germ-cell tumour believed to result from a choriocarcinoma of the placenta that spreads to the child. Most infants present with a characteristic clinical picture of anaemia, hepatomegaly and precocious puberty. Imaging findings, including conventional MRI, may be non-specific. To improve the accuracy of diagnosis, we present the imaging findings of contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI in a 4.5-month-old boy with infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma. (orig.)

  11. La equinoterapia en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Álvarez, Luis; Rodríguez Meso, Juan; Rodríguez Castellano, Niurka

    2008-01-01

    La equinoterapia ha sido un procedimiento empleado a lo largo de la historia de la Medicina en el tratamiento de diversas enfermedades. A partir de 1990 su empleo en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil se ha incrementado. La evidencia científica documentada hasta el presente no permite establecer conclusiones definitivas en cuanto a su valor en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil, aunque las experiencias referidas por diferentes autores, demuestran ...

  12. La equinoterapia en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Álvarez, Luis; Rodríguez Meso, Juan; Rodríguez Castellano, Niurka

    2008-01-01

    La equinoterapia ha sido un procedimiento empleado a lo largo de la historia de la Medicina en el tratamiento de diversas enfermedades. A partir de 1990 su empleo en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil se ha incrementado. La evidencia científica documentada hasta el presente no permite establecer conclusiones definitivas en cuanto a su valor en el tratamiento de la discapacidad infantil, aunque las experiencias referidas por diferentes autores, demuestran ...

  13. [Renal markers and predictors, and renal and cardiovascular risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Andrade, C

    2002-01-01

    An important task of the nephrologists during the last century, it has been the search of elements and means that allow us, with the adequate precision, to correlate the functional deterioration of the kidney, and the patient's clinical reality. And the continuous searching of factors and markers that injure them, the prognosis, and early diagnosis, to be able to predict the degree of the organs and patient's survival. Almost parallel survival presage in the natural history of the illness, almost one century ago. In the second half of the XX century, in the developed countries, appear modifications of the social, cultural, and sanitary conditions, that make appear some very different partner-sanitary and epidemic circumstances, and take place like they are, among others: 1. An increase of per cápita private rents, what takes place to increase of the level of social life and the population's health. With increment of the longevity, and smaller incidence and prevalence of classic process, as malnutrition, infections, infantile mortality, so increasing the weight of the cardiovascular diseases and death. This is potentiated for the increment and the incidence of environmental cardiovascular risk's factors (like high caloric and fatty-rich diets, smoke, alcohol, disappearance of the physical work, inactivity, etc). And that situations are also product of the change of the outline of human and social values and guides. 2. Access of the whole population to a sanitary attention of more quality and effectiveness. It allows the biggest survival of patients that suffer vascular crisis, (as angina, miocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident), that few years ago they have had a higher morbimortality and an inferior survival (2). 3. The execution of big epidemic studies has been able to, not only characterize and test with scientific evidence to numerous factors and markers, that induce renal and cardiovascular prejudicial changes, but risk and death probability

  14. Renal tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Džamić Zoran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis is still a significant health problem in the world, mostly in developing countries. The special significance lies in immunocompromised patients, particularly those suffering from the HIV. Urogenital tuberculosis is one of the most common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, while the most commonly involved organ is the kidney. Renal tuberculosis occurs by hematogenous dissemination of mycobacterium tuberculosis from a primary tuberculosis foci in the body. Tuberculosis is characterized by the formation of pathognomonic lesions in the tissues - granulomata. These granulomata may heal spontaneously or remain stable for years. In certain circumstances in the body associated with immunosuppression, the disease may be activated. Central caseous necrosis occurs within tuberculoma, leading to formation of cavities that destroy renal parenchyma. The process may gain access to the collecting system, forming the caverns. In this way, infection can be spread distally to renal pelvis, ureter and bladder. Scaring of tissue by tuberculosis process may lead to development of strictures of the urinary tract. The clinical manifestations are presented by nonspecific symptoms and signs, so tuberculosis can often be overlooked. Sterile pyuria is characteristic for urinary tuberculosis. Dysuric complaints, flank pain or hematuria may be presented in patients. Constitutional symptoms of fever, weight loss and night sweats are presented in some severe cases. Diagnosis is made by isolation of mycobacterium tuberculosis in urine samples, by cultures carried out on standard solid media optimized for mycobacterial growth. Different imaging studies are used in diagnostics - IVU, CT and NMR are the most important. Medical therapy is the main modality of tuberculosis treatment. The first line anti-tuberculosis drugs include isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. Surgical treatment is required in some cases, to remove severely damaged kidney, if

  15. Renale Osteopathie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horn S

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Die renale Osteopathie umfaßt Erkrankungen des Knochens, die bei Patienten mit chronischen Nierenerkrankungen auftreten, wie den sekundären bzw. tertiären Hyperparathyreoidismus, die adynamische Knochenerkrankung und die Osteopathie nach Nierentransplantation. Durch die Identifikation des Kalzium-Sensing-Rezeptors bzw. des Vitamin D-Rezeptors hat sich unser Verständnis der Zusammenhänge in den letzten Jahren erheblich verbessert. Neue Medikamente versprechen effizientere Prophylaxe- und Therapiemöglichkeiten. Wir beeinflussen dadurch nicht nur die Morbidität und Lebensqualität, sondern auch die Mortalität unserer Patienten.

  16. Infantile acne treated with oral isotretinoin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Iben Marie; Echeverría, Begoña; Torrelo, Antonio;

    2013-01-01

    In contrast to adolescent acne, infantile acne (IA) is a rare condition with only a limited body of available literature. In this descriptive, retrospective study, we reviewed six cases from 2002 to 2010 treated with oral isotretinoin. The average age of onset was 6.16 months (range 0-21 mos......). Consistent with the previous, limited literature, we found predominantly boys are affected, a predilection for the cheeks, and a polymorphic inflammatory morphology. Two patients had a family history of acne. All cases were successfully and safely treated with oral isotretinoin. The suggested treatment...... of childhood acne is similar to that of adolescents (graded according to the severity of the skin disease and risk of scarring). Oral isotretinoin appears to be an effective and safe treatment for severe IA....

  17. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy caused by uniparental disomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomons, Joyce; Ridgway, Oliver; Hardy, Carol; Kurian, Manju A; Kurian, Manju; Jayawant, Sandeep; Hughes, Sarah; Pretorius, Pieter; Németh, Andrea H

    2014-04-01

    Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the phospholipase A2 group 6 (Pla2G6) gene. Affected individuals usually present between the ages of 6 months and 2 years with rapid cognitive and motor regression and axial hypotonia. Gait disturbance, limb spasticity, cerebellar signs, and optic atrophy are other common features associated with INAD. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can sometimes contribute towards the diagnosis, the confirmation of INAD is by Pla2G6 gene analysis. In this case report, we describe the first individual (female) with INAD due to a combination of uniparental heterodisomy and isodisomy; we discuss the possible underlying mechanism and highlight the importance of parental carrier testing in accurately predicting the recurrence risk in these families. We also confirm the recent report of hypertrophy of the clava (also known as the 'gracile tubercle') as a useful MRI sign in INAD.

  18. Tecnologia simplificada na enfermagem materno infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Campestrini

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available A autora apresenta três modelos de tecnologia simplificada da enfermagem materno infantil: o equipamento didático SEIO COBAIA para treinar exercícios e massagens da mama e mamilo; a peça indumentária SUPRETRAUMA - sutiã preventivo de traumatismo mamilar - usado por gestantes; e, a técnica para reverter mamilo umbilicado durante o puerperio imediato. Além de corroborar na promoção do aleitamento materno e na prevenção de desmame precoce, demonstra a possibilidade da enfermagem relacionar o saber teórico-científico com o saber tecnico-prático, na saúde da mulher e da criança, com tecnologia adequada às necessidades, à compreensão e ao bem estar da população.

  19. Surgical management of large scalp infantile hemangiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imad S Khan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Infantile Hemangiomas (IH are the most common benign tumor of infancy, occurring in over 10% of newborns. While most IHs involute and never require intervention, some scalp IHs may cause severe cosmetic deformity and threaten tissue integrity that requires surgical excision. Case Description: We present our experience with two infants who presented with large scalp IH. After vascular imaging, the patients underwent surgical resection of the IH and primary wound closure with excellent cosmetic outcome. We detail the surgical management of these cases and review the relevant literature. Conclusion: In some cases the IHs leave behind fibro-fatty residuum causing contour deformity. Surgery is often required for very large lesions causing extensive anatomical and/or functional disruption. The goal of surgical intervention is to restore normal anatomic contour and shape while minimizing the size of the permanent scar.

  20. Educando emociones en el aula de infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Urionabarrenechea, Mikel

    2012-01-01

    La educación emocional en la etapa de Educación Infantil supone para el niño el desarrollo de una base sobre la que se sustentará la adquisición de las competencias necesarias para su crecimiento y progreso como individuo. En base a esta reflexión, se definen las variables que fomentan el autoconocimiento del niño, así como los programas y metodologías que lo desarrollan. Se presenta una intervención realizada en un aula de cinco años para fomentar los distintos componentes de la educación em...

  1. Infantile Digital Fibroma: A Rare Fibromatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Etan; Ewart, Michelle

    2016-10-01

    Infantile digital fibroma is a rare benign lesion that usually occurs during the first 2 years of life. It can be multiple, but it is usually a single lesion. If it grows large enough it can cause joint deformities or interfere with everyday activities. Microscopically, the neoplastic cells usually have inclusion bodies that are best highlighted with a Masson trichrome stain but can often be seen on hematoxylin-eosin staining. Treatment for this entity is usually watchful waiting because of its ability to spontaneously regress, but excision is recommended if the lesion is symptomatic. More recently, fluorouracil or injectable steroids have shown great promise in inducing regression without the complications that accompany surgery.

  2. Neonatal Abdominal Hemangiomatosis: Propranolol beyond Infantile Hemangioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siu Ying Angel Nip

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor of infancy; presentation is often as cutaneous infantile hemangioma (IH. Cutaneous hemangioma is a clinical diagnosis. Most IHs follow a benign course, with complete involution without treatment in the majority of cases. Visceral hemangioma often involves the liver and manifests as a life-threatening disorder. Hepatic hemangiomas may be associated with high output cardiac failure, coagulopathy, and hepatomegaly which generally develop between 1 and 16 weeks of age. Mortality has been reportedly high without treatment. We report a rare case of a male infant with neonatal hemangiomatosis with diffuse peritoneal involvement, which mimicked a malignant-looking tumor on imaging, and discuss therapeutic options and efficacy. Propranolol is efficacious for IH but generally not useful for other forms of vascular hemangiomas, tumors, and malformations. In our case of neonatal peritoneal hemangiomatosis, propranolol appears to have halted the growth and possibly expedite the involution of the hemangiomatosis without other treatments.

  3. Diagnosis and Management of Infantile Hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, David H; Greene, Arin K; Mancini, Anthony J; Nopper, Amy J

    2015-10-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors of childhood. Unlike other tumors, they have the unique ability to involute after proliferation, often leading primary care providers to assume they will resolve without intervention or consequence. Unfortunately, a subset of IHs rapidly develop complications, resulting in pain, functional impairment, or permanent disfigurement. As a result, the primary clinician has the task of determining which lesions require early consultation with a specialist. Although several recent reviews have been published, this clinical report is the first based on input from individuals representing the many specialties involved in the treatment of IH. Its purpose is to update the pediatric community regarding recent discoveries in IH pathogenesis, treatment, and clinical associations and to provide a basis for clinical decision-making in the management of IH.

  4. Abnormal Head Position in Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noval, Susana; González-Manrique, Mar; Rodríguez-Del Valle, José María; Rodríguez-Sánchez, José María

    2011-01-01

    Infantile nystagmus is an involuntary, bilateral, conjugate, and rhythmic oscillation of the eyes which is present at birth or develops within the first 6 months of life. It may be pendular or jerk-like and, its intensity usually increases in lateral gaze, decreasing with convergence. Up to 64% of all patients with nystagmus also present strabismus, and even more patients have an abnormal head position. The abnormal head positions are more often horizontal, but they may also be vertical or take the form of a tilt, even though the nystagmus itself is horizontal. The aim of this article is to review available information about the origin and treatment of the abnormal head position associated to nystagmus, and to describe our treatment strategies. PMID:24533187

  5. Tuina Manipulation on Infantile Myogenic Torticollis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Jian-zhong

    2004-01-01

    With the knowledge handed down by his father, the author practices both acupuncture and Tuina and obtained good effects for infantile myogenic torticollis by Tuina manipulations, which relieved suffering of many kids and prevented them from the operative injury. Among 48 cases, the total effective rate reached 95.8% through the treatment of once everyday and 10 days a course.%笔者师承父学从事针灸,推拿临床工作,运用推拿手法治疗小儿肌性斜颈,每日1次,10d为1个疗程,在48例患儿中,总有效率95.8%,给众多的患儿解除了病痛,亦免于手术带来的创伤.

  6. Infantile Perineal Protrusion in Two Monochorionic Twins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cavicchioli

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Case Report - Two female monochorionic-monoamniotic twins showed the same kind of infantile perineal protrusion (IPP at birth. Lesions in both twins progressively healed until resolution in 6 weeks' time; none of the twins have manifested, till date, alvus disturbances. Discussion and Literature Review - A literature review numbers approximately 100 reports of IPP. This condition has been classically classified into three categories: congenital/familiar (i.e., female sex, positive parental history of IPP, acquired (mainly due to constipation, and associated with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. Conclusions and Final Remarks - This case report describes, for the first time, the presence of IPP in monochorionic-monoamniotic twins, supporting the existence of hereditary/genetic factors in the developing of this condition.

  7. Renal disease in pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorsen, Martha S; Poole, Judith H

    2002-03-01

    Anatomic and physiologic adaptations within the renal system during pregnancy are significant. Alterations are seen in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration, resulting in changes in normal renal laboratory values. When these normal renal adaptations are coupled with pregnancy-induced complications or preexisting renal dysfunction, the woman may demonstrate a reduction of renal function leading to an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. This article will review normal pregnancy adaptations of the renal system and discuss common pregnancy-related renal complications.

  8. Extracutaneous infantile haemangioma is also Glut1 positive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drut, R M; Drut, R

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To investigate whether extracutaneous infantile haemangioma-like tumours are immunohistochemically similar to cutaneous infantile haemangiomas. Methods: Mammary, salivary gland, liver (one each), and placental (two cases) capillary haemangiomas and typical examples of cutaneous (eight cases) infantile haemangioma were investigated immunohistochemically for α smooth muscle actin and Glut1, a proposed marker for the skin localised lesion. Positive internal controls included red blood cells, perineurium, trophoblast, and endothelial cells of the placental capillaries. Extralesional vessel endothelium acted as a negative control (except in the placenta). The liver haemangioma and both chorioangiomas presented in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Results: The endothelial cells of all the vascular lesions were Glut1 positive. These were consistently surrounded by a rim of α smooth muscle actin positive pericytic cells. Controls reacted appropriately. Conclusions: All infantile haemangiomas were immunohistochemically positive for Glut1: expression of this molecule was not limited to infantile haemangiomas of the skin. These tumours comprise proliferations of both endothelial and pericytic cells. The association with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome may provide a clue to the molecular genetics of infantile haemangioma. PMID:15509684

  9. Infantile Hemangiomas: Pathogenesis and Review of Propranolol Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laken, Patricia Ann

    2016-04-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are complex benign vascular tumors that present after birth. Hemangioma lesions have a predictable course of growth, but little is understood about the mechanism behind their development. Infantile hemangiomas are considered proliferative lesions of the endothelial cells. To effectively manage infants with infantile hemangiomas, a clear understanding of the pathogenic pathways is important and can assist the healthcare provider with effective treatment. This understanding will facilitate a relationship of support with the families of affected infants. EBSCO host and Ovid database search for key words of infantile hemangiomas, propranolol, vascular lesion, and proliferative lesion was utilized. Articles on pathophysiology along with recent research studies were include in the search. The use of propranolol is a recent development in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas, which has shown a high rate of response in decreasing the size and reducing the potential for life-long complications. Different studies have shown the same success rate with the use of propranolol but with different variables. As a healthcare team member, better identification and customized care of these patients can reduce the rare but devastating complications of infantile hemangiomas. Future research can help identify the most effective dose and course of propranolol administration.

  10. Suck, swallow and breathing coordination in infants with infantile colic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanlie Degenaar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: There appears to be a perception amongst parents and in popular literature that infantile colic is caused by feeding difficulties. Limited support for this perception is found in scientific literature. Whilst there is scientific evidence that suck, swallow and breathing are key components of successful feeding, these components and the coordination thereof in infants with colic have not been extensively researched.Objective: The objective of the study was to explore the suck, swallow and breathing coordination in infants with infantile colic and compare it with infants without the condition.Method: An assessment protocol for suck, swallow and breathing coordination was compiled from literature. This protocol was performed on a research group of 50 infants, independently diagnosed with infantile colic, and a control group of 28 infants without the condition. All participants were from two rural towns in the North–West province, South Africa, selected with a snowball selection method and strict selection criteria. The study followed a static comparison group design. Results: A significant difference in the key components of feeding and the presence of colic in participants of four age categories were found. The correlation between postural control and the presence of infantile colic were sustained in participants from 2–19 weeks old. Conclusion: Suck, swallow and breathing were found to be significantly associated with infantile colic. The findings should be investigated further. It appears that speech-language therapists may play an expanding role in infantile colic.[pdf to follow

  11. El maltrato infantil: un problema mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTANA-TAVIRA ROSALINDA

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Al abordar el maltrato infantil se presentan diversos problemas: desconocimiento de la verdadera proporción de dicha problemática; raíces culturales e históricas profundas; diversidad de opiniones en cuanto a su definición y clasificación; dificultades en la investigación y, finalmente, una diversidad de consideraciones sobre sus repercusiones y su manejo terapéutico. En el presente artículo se estudia el maltrato infantil desde sus antecedentes históricos, así como sus clasificaciones, sus definiciones y su epidemiología. Asimismo, se revisan las repercusiones y se plantean las alternativas de tratamiento que en la bibliografía existente se han manejado como fundamentales para enfrentar este fenómeno cada vez más alarmante. Queda subrayada la necesidad de unificar criterios en cuanto a la definición y clasificación de información científica en torno a datos demográficos que, finalmente, hablarán de la realidad del problema, de los avances relacionados con sus causas, su diagnóstico, sus medidas preventivas y su tratamiento. Es fundamental utilizar medidas tendientes a prevenir el maltrato, pues una gran parte de los problemas en el niño se ven reflejados en la vida adulta. Se comparan las distintas clasificaciones en torno al tema, así como las características tanto del agredido como del agresor en los distintos tipos de maltrato.

  12. Renal calculus

    CERN Document Server

    Pyrah, Leslie N

    1979-01-01

    Stone in the urinary tract has fascinated the medical profession from the earliest times and has played an important part in the development of surgery. The earliest major planned operations were for the removal of vesical calculus; renal and ureteric calculi provided the first stimulus for the radiological investigation of the viscera, and the biochemical investigation of the causes of calculus formation has been the training ground for surgeons interested in metabolic disorders. It is therefore no surprise that stone has been the subject of a number of monographs by eminent urologists, but the rapid development of knowledge has made it possible for each one of these authors to produce something new. There is still a technical challenge to the surgeon in the removal of renal calculi, and on this topic we are always glad to have the advice of a master craftsman; but inevitably much of the interest centres on the elucidation of the causes of stone formation and its prevention. Professor Pyrah has had a long an...

  13. TFG-MET fusion in an infantile spindle cell sarcoma with neural features

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flucke, Uta; van Noesel, Max M.; Wijnen, Marc; Zhang, Lei; Chen, Chun Liang; Sung, Yun Shao; Antonescu, Cristina R.

    2017-01-01

    An increasing number of congenital and infantile sarcomas displaying a primitive, monomorphic spindle cell phenotype have been characterized to harbor recurrent gene fusions, including infantile fibrosarcoma and congenital spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Here, we report an unusual spindle cell

  14. Apretamiento dental sugestivo de maltrato infantil en ninos institucionalizados de 6 a 16 anos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doria Martinez, Ana Milena; Garzon Panesso, Sandra Lorena; Ayala Munoz, Leonardo; Navarro Chong, Melissa Ivette; Moreno Abello, Gloria Cristina; Furman Kahn, Edgar Manuel; Herrera Vivas, Martha Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    .... En Colombia, segun las cifras dadas a conocer por el Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar, el maltrato infantil fisico severo afecta mas a la poblacion infantil de 5 a 14 anos de edad. El 75...

  15. Psychiatric disorders in the parents of individuals with infantile autism: a case-control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben;

    2007-01-01

    The rates and types of psychiatric disorders were studied in the parents of individuals with infantile autism (IA).......The rates and types of psychiatric disorders were studied in the parents of individuals with infantile autism (IA)....

  16. PRRT2 phenotypes and penetrance of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and infantile convulsions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Vliet, Rianne; Breedveld, Guido; de Rijk-van Andel, Johanneke; Brilstra, Eva; Verbeek, Nienke; Verschuuren-Bemelmans, Corien; Boon, Maartje; Samijn, Johnny; Diderich, Karin; van de Laar, Ingrid; Oostra, Ben; Bonifati, Vincenzo; Maat-Kievit, Anneke

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To describe the phenotypes and penetrance of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), a movement disorder characterized by attacks of involuntary movements occurring after sudden movements, infantile convulsion and choreoathetosis (ICCA) syndrome, and benign familial infantile convulsions

  17. Benign infantile seizures and paroxysmal dyskinesia caused by an SCN8A mutation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gardella, Elena; Becker, Felicitas; Møller, Rikke S

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS), paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), and their combination-known as infantile convulsions and paroxysmal choreoathetosis (ICCA)-are related autosomal dominant diseases. PRRT2 (proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 gene) has been identified...

  18. Renal actinomycosis with concomitant renal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Dong-Suk; Jang, Won Ik; Jung, Ji Yoon; Chung, Sarah; Choi, Dae Eun; Na, Ki-Ryang; Lee, Kang Wook; Shin, Yong-Tai

    2012-02-01

    Renal actinomycosis is a rare infection caused by fungi of the genus Actinomyces. A 74-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of gross hematuria with urinary symptoms and intermittent chills. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed thrombosis in the left renal vein and diffuse, heterogeneous enlargement of the left kidney. After nephrectomy, sulfur granules with chronic suppurative inflammation were seen microscopically, and the histopathological diagnosis was renal actinomycosis. Our case is the first report of renal actinomycosis with renal vein thrombosis.

  19. TRANSPLANTE RENAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia Geraldo Rozza Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue comprender el significado de espera del trasplante renal para las mujeres en hemodiálisis. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo-interpretativo, realizado con 12 mujeres en hemodiálisis en Florianópolis. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas en profundidad en el domicilio. Fue utilizado el software Etnografh 6.0 para la pre-codificación y posterior al análisis interpretativo emergieron dos categorías: “las sombras del momento actual”, que mostró que las dificultades iniciales de la enfermedad están presentes, pero las mujeres pueden hacer frente mejor a la enfermedad y el tratamiento. La segunda categoría, “la luz del trasplante renal”, muestra la esperanza impulsada por la entrada en la lista de espera para un trasplante.

  20. Renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930564 Dwell times affect the local host de-fence mechanism of peritoneal dialysis patients.WANG Tao(汪涛),et al.Renal Instit,SunYatsen Med Univ,Guangzhou,510080.Chin JNephrol 1993;9(2):75—77.The effect of different intraperitoneal awelltimes on the local host defence in 6 peritonealdialysis patients was studied.A significant de-crease in the number of peritoneal cells,IgG con-centration and the phagoeytosis and bactericidalactivity of macrophages was determined when thedwell time decreased from 12 to 4 hs or form 4 to0.5hs,but the peroxidase activity in macrophagesincreased significantly.All variables,except theperoxidase activity in macrophages,showed nosignificant difference between patients of high or

  1. Traumatismo renal

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Sofia Rosa Moura Gomes da

    2009-01-01

    Introdução: A realização deste trabalho visa a elaboração de uma revisão sistematizada subordinada à temática da traumatologia renal. Objectivos: Os principais objectivos deste trabalho são: apurar a etiologia, definir a classificação, analisar o diagnóstico e expôr o tratamento e as complicações. Desenvolvimento: Os traumatismos são a principal causa de morte antes dos 40 anos. O rim é o órgão do aparelho génito-urinário mais frequentemente atingido. Os traumatismos renais são mais fre...

  2. Maltrato infantil: Un problema de todos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Francia Reyes

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un trabajo descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal de los alumnos caracterizados con factores de riesgo, así como de sus familiares durante el curso escolar 2000-2001 en la Escuela Primaria "Patria Nueva", en el Vedado, con el objetivo de determinar cómo se comporta el maltrato infantil, y específicamente identificar aquellos niños que pueden ser objeto de maltrato. Se determinó el nivel socioeconómico y el sociocultural de las familias objeto de nuestra investigación, así como la identificación de los miembros de la familia que fueron objeto de maltrato en su niñez. Como metodología investigativa se aplicó la técnica cualitativa de grupos focales por constituir un método idóneo para obtener información acerca de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre un tema determinado en una población en cuestión. Se obtuvieron resultados y se arribó a conclusiones como que el nivel sociocultural y el socioeconómico no determinan que se produzca el maltrato infantil, sino el aprendizaje que tuvieron los padres en su niñez, y estos a su vez, no tienen conciencia de que están maltratando a sus hijos.With the objective of determining the situation of child abuse and particularly identifying those children that might be subjected to abuse, a retrospective cross-sectional and descriptive study was made on students characterized by risk factors and their relatives during the school year 2000-2001 in the elementary school "Patria Nueva" located in Vedado neighborhood. The study determined the socio-economic and socio-cultural levels of the families included in our research and additionally it identified the members of the family that suffered child abuse in their childhood. The research methodology applied was the qualitative technique of focal groups because it represented a suitable method to obtain information about pieces of knowledge, attitudes and practices in a specific topic or in a particular population. We achieved

  3. CEREN: un centro enfocado en la calidad de vida de la población infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Centeno, Analía

    2016-01-01

    El Centro de Estudios en Nutrición y Desarrollo Infantil (CEREN) aborda e interviene en problemáticas de alimentación, nutrición, cuidados, crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. Fue creado con un claro enfoque social, integral y multidisciplinario con el fin de mejorar la calidad de vida de la población infantil de la Provincia.

  4. The apoptosis in various stages of infantile hemangioma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Si-ming; XING Xin; OUYANG Tian-xiang; NI Can-rong; YANG Zhi-yong

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To detect the apoptosis in various stages of infantile hemangioma. Methods:Total 52 samples of infantile hemangioma (including 8 fresh samples) were included in this study. Agarose gel electrophoresis, transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and in situ TdT mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling(TUNEL) staining were used to observe the apoptosis. H-E staining was used to analyze the number of cells,the number and area of microvessels in hemangiomas. Results: The typical "ladder" occurred in the DNA electrophoresis of the hemangioma tissue in the late proferating stage. Many apoptotic cells were found in infantile hemangiomas with TEM. TUNEL staining identified that there were apoptotic cells througout the pathologic evolution of infantile hemangioma and the AI( % ) was the highest in the late proferating stage. There existed close relationship between the AI(%) and the total number of cells in hemangioma. Conclusion: The decrease of cells resulted from the apoptosis may be the major cause of the spontaneous involution of infantile hemangioma.

  5. Salud infantil, expresión corporal, enfoque globalizador en educación infantil : programa preventivo de la obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Soltero, Fátima

    2012-01-01

    La obesidad infantil, es mucho más que un problema simplemente estético, pues su presencia, como hemos podido observar, conlleva una serie de riesgos para los niños/as, en este caso, afectados. Y lo más importante es que estos niños/as cuando sean adultos sepan prevenirla

  6. Salud infantil, expresión corporal, enfoque globalizador en educación infantil : programa preventivo de la obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Soltero, Fátima

    2012-01-01

    La obesidad infantil, es mucho más que un problema simplemente estético, pues su presencia, como hemos podido observar, conlleva una serie de riesgos para los niños/as, en este caso, afectados. Y lo más importante es que estos niños/as cuando sean adultos sepan prevenirla

  7. Imaging feature of infratentorial desmoplastic infantile and non-infantile tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Gi; Lee, Seung Koo [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hoon [Dept. of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    To describe imaging features of infratentorial desmoplastic infantile or non-infantile tumors (DIT/DNIT). Four cases with infratentorial DIT/DNIT from our hospital and 5 cases from literature review were analyzed. Clinical data and MR imaging features were evaluated including location, size, shape, margin, composition, dural attachment, perilesional edema, and metastasis or multiplicity. The mean age was 9.2 years (range, 1-18 years). Most of the patients presented with headache or vomiting (4/9, 44.4%) and had no underlying disease (8/9, 88.9%). The major pathologic subtype was astrocytoma (6/9, 66.7%). On MR, majority of the tumors involved cerebellum and/or spinal cord (8/9, 88.9%) and the mean size of the tumors was 4.2 cm (range, 3.2-5 cm). The tumors were mainly solid (4/9, 44.4%) or mixed (4/9, 44.4%) in composition with lobulated shape (7/9, 77.8%) and well-defined margin (7/9, 77.8%). Two cases (2/7, 28.6%) showed dural attachment and all the cases had no or minimal perilesional edema (100%). Metastasis or multiplicity was frequently seen in 44.4% (4/9). Infratentorial DIT/DNIT occurred in relatively older children and the major tumor type was astrocytoma. They also had atypical imaging features showing mainly solid or mixed in composition with frequent metastasis or multiplicity.

  8. Infantile Literature: the work with the process of moral values construction, in the infantile education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Áurea Maria de Oliveira

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The act of telling histories is one of the pedagogical activities that compose the didactic actions developed in the preschool age period. We start by the thought that the educator’s identification of the scenes that can unchain a moral discussion, as well as, the organization of a pedagogical action, by the judgment of the character’s actions, propitiates an adjusted environment for the work with the citizenship formation process. With this intention the present article has as objective to argue, from the Piaget’s theoretical referential on the process of the moral development, the use of Infantile Literature texts as ways for the organization of an educative action with the process of the infantile morality evolution. We select for the organization of this work three moments: the contextualization of the theoretical referential; the presentation of two texts, in which the educator can identify, in the plot of the histories, scenes that are possible to unchain a moral discussion; the election of a Literature text that was submitted to the child with the intention of demonstrating the educator’s intervention in the construction process of the dialogue, the argument and the confrontation of divergent points of view, aiming at the co-ordination of different perspectives.

  9. Aleitamento e parasitismo intestinal materno-infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa-Macedo Lêda Maria

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre março e maio de 1991, a prevalência das enteroparasitoses e o aleitamento materno foram determinados simultaneamente em 208 crianças menores de dois anos de idade e suas mães, atendidas em Instituição Pública de Saúde no Rio de Janeiro. Através da técnica de sedimentação, detectou-se positividade geral de 12,7% para as crianças, e 37,3% para as mães. Ascaris lumbricoides foi o parasito mais prevalente nas mulheres (12,7% e nos lactentes (4,3%. A distribuição dos parasitos entre os grupos de aleitamento não variou para as mulheres, mas foi estatisticamente significativa em relação às crianças (p < 0,05. Nenhuma criança em aleitamento exclusivo apresentou parasitose. Verificou-se correlação positiva entre parasitismo e desmame. Cerca de 60% das crianças parasitadas eram filhas de mães também parasitadas, sendo detectado um risco 1,7 vezes maior destas crianças virem a apresentar algum parasito intestinal. Acreditamos que a mãe parasitada possa influenciar na freqüência do parasitismo infantil.

  10. [Infantile anorexia: from birth to childhood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poinso, F; Viellard, M; Dafonseca, D; Sarles, J

    2006-05-01

    Young child's anorexia (0-4 years) may have organic or psychological origin, when parents-child relationships are concerned. The most complex and earliest forms often have unspecified aetiology. Psychopathological classifications, which emphasize the mother-child relationships, are essential reference marks. But there is now a consensus in the definitions: the diagnosis of infantile anorexia requires criteria of acute or chronic malnutrition. We mainly distinguish anorexia by early disorder of homeostasis, anorexia resulting from serious disorder of attachment, anorexia by disorder of mother-child interactions, and finally early and complex anorexia, mixing an organic vulnerability and a bonding trouble, which can be secondary. Treatments differ according to the selected aetiology. Even if the origin is not mainly the fact of a relational mother-child dysfunction, parents-child's relations require a support to avoid aggravation by interactive vicious circles (force feeding). More than other diseases of early childhood, feeding disorders require a good knowledge of the working hypotheses both in the field of the paediatrics and the child psychiatry.

  11. Ohtahara syndrome: Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy

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    Knežević-Pogančev Marija

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available DEFINITION Ohtahara syndrome (early infantile epileptic encephalopathy with suppression bursts, is the earliest developing form of epileptic encephalopathy. ETHIOLOGY It considered to be a result of static structural developing brain damage. CLINICAL PICTURE Variable seizures develop mostly within the first 10 days of life, but may occur during the first hour after delivery. The most frequently observed seizure type are epileptic spasms, which may be either generalized and symmetrical or lateralized. The tonic spasms may occur in clusters or singly, while awake and during sleep alike. The duration of spasms is up to 10 seconds, and the interval between spasms within cluster ranges from 9 to 15 seconds. In one third of cases, other seizure types include partial motor seizures or hemiconvulsions The disorder takes a progressively deteriorating course with increasing frequency of seizures and severe retardation of psychomotor development. DIAGNOSTIC WORKUP In the initial stage of Ohtahara syndrome, interictal EEG shows a pattern of suppression-burst with high-voltage paroxysmal discharges separated by prolonged periods of nearly flat tracing that last for up to 18 seconds. PROGNOSIS AND THREATMENT Half of the reported children having Ohtahara syndrome die in infancy. Anticonvulsant helps little in controlling the seizures and halting the deterioration of psychomotor development. Severe psychomotor retardation is the rule. With time, the disorder may evolve into West syndrome or partial epilepsy. Psychomotor development may be slightly better if the infants do not develop West and later Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

  12. When to stop propranolol for infantile hemangioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Lei; Gu, Yifei; Yu, Zhang; Ying, Hanru; Qiu, Yajing; Ma, Gang; Chen, Hui; Jin, Yunbo; Lin, Xiaoxi

    2017-01-01

    There is no definitive conclusion regarding the optimal timing for terminating propranolol treatment for infantile hemangioma (IH). A total of 149 patients who underwent detailed color Doppler ultrasound examination were included in this study. The characteristics and propranolol treatment of all patients were summarized and analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the lesion regression rate. Among the 149 patients, 38 were assigned to the complete regression group, and 111 were assigned to the partial regression group. The age at which propranolol treatment started, duration of follow-up after treatment discontinuation and rate of adverse events were not significantly different between the two groups. The duration of oral propranolol treatment was shorter in the complete regression group. The age at which propranolol was terminated was younger in the complete regression group, and this group had a lower recurrence rate. Propranolol is safe and effective for the treatment of IHs that require intervention, but it should be stopped at an appropriate time, which is determined primarily by the lesion regression rate after propranolol treatment. Ultrasound is helpful in determining when to stop propranolol for IH. PMID:28225076

  13. Smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Charlotte; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Obel, Carsten

    2001-01-01

    interval: 1.4–3.2) or in the postpartum period (relative risk: 2.0; 95% confidence interval: 1.3–3.1). Women who smoked continuously during pregnancy and the postpartum period had a relative risk of 1.5 (95% confidence interval: 1.1–2.0) of having a infant with IC compared with women who did not smoke......Objective. To evaluate the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic (IC). Methods. A follow-up study of singleton infants delivered by Danish mothers at the Aarhus University Hospital from May 1991 to February 1992 and still living in the municipality of Aarhus...... questionnaire and based on Wessel's criteria, except that we used only the crying criterion. Results. IC was seen in 10.8% of all infants. We observed a twofold increased risk of IC among infants whose mothers smoked 15 or more cigarettes per day during their pregnancy(relative risk: 2.1; 95% confidence...

  14. Endothelial cells of intramuscular (infantile) hemangioma express glut1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drut, Ricardo; Altamirano, Eugenia

    2007-04-01

    Glut1 is a marker of infantile hemangioma, and its positivity has resulted in defining this tumor at several sites (eg, skin, breast, salivary glands, liver, and placenta). We herein report on the presence of Glut1 positivity in the endothelial cells of 2 examples of intramuscular hemangioma, a peculiar tumor considered to be most probably congenital. The finding expands the sites where infantile hemangioma may be recognized and suggests that this intramuscular variety should be renamed intramuscular infantile hemangioma. An additional previously unreported finding was the presence of a strong membranous pattern of staining for Glut1 in the intralesional fat cells, a known component of the tumor, which parallels that of another endothelial marker, namely CD34. These findings could prove useful for diagnostic purposes in small biopsies.

  15. Relationship between type of nutrition and infantile colic

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    Davood Kheirkhah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Infantile colic is one of the most common causes of mothers’ referral to physicians and pediatricians for treatment of their infants. This disorder is characterized as unnatural excessive crying which has been mostly observed during the first three months of birth among 8-40% of infants. Cow milk and cow milk formula are the main causes of infantile colic. This study attempts to evaluate the relationship of type of nutrition with the occurrence of infantile colic. Methods: This case-control study was carried out on infants referred to the pediatric clinics throughout Kashan during 2013. One hundred infants with colic were classified as cases and one hundred healthy individuals matched with patients in age and gender, were considered as controls. Parents of the two groups were asked about type of nutrition of their infants. According to the type of nutrition, the infants were included in one of three groups: merely breast-fed, breast-fed and formula-fed and merely formula-fed infants. Correlation of type of nutrition with infantile colic was then determined in the study. Chi-square was used to analyze the data. Results: No significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of age and gender.69 (69%, 8 (8%, and 23 (23% of the infants in the case group were breast-fed, breast-fed and formula-fed, and formula-fed, respectively. Whereas in the control group 90 (90%, 8 (8%, and 2 (2% of the infants were breast-fed, breast-fed and formula-fed, and formula-fed, respectively (P<0.0001. Conclusions: Our study confirmed that the occurrence of infantile colic is associated with formula feeding. In other words, formula-fed infants were at more risk of infantile colic than the others.

  16. Maltrato y suicidio infantil en el Estado de Guanajuato

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Páramo Castillo; Ana María Chávez Hernández

    2007-01-01

    La comprensión del suicidio infantil ha asimilado cada vez más nociones específicas. Ahora se reconoce la implicación de factores como la evolución del concepto de muerte, el deseo de unirse a una persona significativa ausente, la intencionalidad del acto suicida, la participación del medio familiar como factor contribuyente o protector y la experiencia previa de maltrato. Tanto el suicidio como el maltrato infantil suelen estar sub-registrados a causa de la variabilidad de criterios que los ...

  17. La inteligencia emocional en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Mínguez, María Jesús

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo de Fin de Grado trata sobre la Inteligencia Emocional y la importancia que tiene en la vida tanto adulta como infantil, pero más si cabe en la etapa de Educación Infantil. Pretendo dar a conocer que las personas somos seres que necesitamos comunicar nuestros sentimientos y emociones. Desde que nacemos mostramos a los demás, de manera inconsciente o no, como nos sentimos. Los sentimientos pueden ser negativos o positivos, pero lo importante que debemos conseguir es la destreza ...

  18. La actualidad de los estudios sobre lenguaje infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Pérez, Milagros

    2007-01-01

    En el artículo se considera la presencia relevante de la Lingüística en el estudio del lenguaje infantil en las últimas décadas. Lo que ha provocado importantes virajes en la consideración del habla de los niños. De manera que el enfoque cognitivo-comunicativo y la vocación factual de los estudios definen el grueso de las investigaciones sobre la adquisición en estos últimos diez años. Las emisiones infantiles constituyen mensajes de pleno derecho, que hay que analizar y valorar en sus propie...

  19. Tratamiento fisioterápico en la bronquiolitis aguda infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Calonge García, Paula

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: La bronquiolitis aguda infantil es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los niños cuya máxima incidencia está aumentando mucho en los últimos años generando así multitud de costes socioeconómicos. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre las principales técnicas que se utilizan en fisioterapia respiratoria para conocer su evidencia y efectividad en los lactantes con bronquiolitis aguda infantil. Metodología: Se utilizaron las bases de datos MEDLIN...

  20. EL JUEGO SIMBÓLICO, EN EL APRENDIZAJE INFANTIL

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente Trabajo de Fin de Grado, en la especialidad Maestro en Educación Infantil, está centrado en la presentación de una propuesta de intervención, fundamentalmente lúdica, cuyo fin es aportar un recurso a los docentes atendiendo a diferentes tipos de aprendizajes. El carácter lúdico es considerado, ya que el juego es uno de los enfoques metodológicos en la etapa infantil. Esta metodología, sostenida en una motivación de aprendizaje, promoverá un ambiente adecuado para la construcción d...

  1. Infantile hemiplegia in pediatric dental set-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghousia Syed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemiplegia refers to brain injuries that occur before or at birth and lead to hemiplegia/ total paralysis of one side of the body, including the face, arm and leg. The main purpose of this article is to provide valuable information to pediatric dentists about the review and treatment alternatives for patients with infantile hemiplegia. This article reports the case of a 12-year-old girl with a hemiplegia of left side of the body suffering with tooth ache and gum inflammation. The treatment performed was rehabilitation with oral prophylaxis and extractions of root stumps followed by thorough preventive regimen with periodic check-ups.

  2. The effects of Bleomycin A5 on infantile maxillofacial haemangioma

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    Zhao Fu-yun

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To examine the effects of bleomycin A5 on infantile maxillofacial haemangiomas. Methods Bleomycin A5 was given by multiple intralesinoal injections and the dosage was given according to the age of the patient and size of the lesion. Parts of patients were accompanied by prednisone treatment(2-5 mg/kg, po, QOD. Results All the haemangiomas involuted completely after treated with bloemycin A5 with better recovery of skin color and less scar forming in small haemangiomas. Conclusion Infantile haemangioma could be effectively treated with bleomycin A5 without serious side effects.

  3. La inteligencia emocional en Educación Infantil /

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Mínguez, María Jesús

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo de Fin de Grado trata sobre la Inteligencia Emocional y la importancia que tiene en la vida tanto adulta como infantil, pero más si cabe en la etapa de Educación Infantil. Pretendo dar a conocer que las personas somos seres que necesitamos comunicar nuestros sentimientos y emociones. Desde que nacemos mostramos a los demás, de manera inconsciente o no, como nos sentimos. Los sentimientos pueden ser negativos o positivos, pero lo importante que debemos conseguir es la destreza ...

  4. La creatividad en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Calzada Muñoz, Nerea

    2013-01-01

    Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio es conocer por un lado, si existe o no creatividad en los niños de Educación Infantil, y por otro lado, mostrar algunos indicadores para identificar a los alumnos creativos. Metodología. Vamos a llevar a cabo cinco sesiones creativas con un grupo de niños pertenecientes al primer ciclo de Educación Infantil. Resultados. Los resultados evidencian que en esta edad, la personalidad del niño y el carácter de las actividades son determinantes para ...

  5. Prensa y creatividad en educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    1993-01-01

    La autora de este artículo presenta de una forma sencilla las múltiples actividades que las periódicos pueden provocar en un aula de Educación Infantil, introduciendo ya a los niños, desde los primeros niveles del Sistema Educativo en la manipulación y conocimiento de los medios de comunicación, tan presentes en sus hogares. Desde las diferentes áreas curriculares de la Educación Infantil, es posible utilizar didáctica y lúdicamente los medios de comunicación. Las actividades son infinitas......

  6. Trabajo infantil y pobreza de los hogares en la Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Paz, Jorge A.; Carolina Piselli

    2011-01-01

    El modelo de Basu y Van (1998) plantea a nivel teórico la llamada hipótesis de lujo según la cual los hogares están comandados por padres altruistas y pobres que recurren al trabajo infantil como estrategia de escape de la pobreza. Según este enfoque, si la economía está en una situación de equilibrio múltiple, puede ocurrir que la aplicación efectiva de las leyes que prohíben el trabajo infantil provoque un empeoramiento del bienestar de los hogares y aumente la pobreza. Con datos de la Encu...

  7. Educación infantil: Los cimientos del ser humano

    OpenAIRE

    Martín, Mónica

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo, constituye una aproximación al estudio de diferentes sistemas educativos de la Unión Europea: Alemán, Francés, Inglés y Español dentro del marco de la asignatura del TRABAJO DE FIN DE GRADO, del Grado de Maestro en Educación Infantil. Considero que la Etapa de Educación Infantil es de suma importancia ya que en los primeros años de vida existe una gran plasticidad neuronal y es esencial potenciarla al máximo. Del mismo modo, esta etapa condicionará el resto de et...

  8. ESTIMULACIÓN DEL HABLA EN EDUCACIÓN INFANTIL

    OpenAIRE

    Planas-Más, María

    2015-01-01

    Para que los alumnos de Educación Infantil consigan adquirir los principales contenidos de aprendizaje designados en cada área curricular es necesario un instrumento fundamental: el habla o lenguaje verbal. El lenguaje verbal es el instrumento básico de comunicación y representación de los seres humanos y es el que nos identifica precisamente como a seres humanos. En la escuela de infantil la utilización del lenguaje verbal permite desarrollar a lo largo de la etapa diferentes capacidades en ...

  9. Tuina plus Ultrasonic Therapy for Infantile Muscular Torticollis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen Zhi-fang; Luo Kai-tao; Zhu Gao-feng; Jin Yue-qin

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of tuina plus ultrasonic therapy in treating infantile muscular torticollis. Methods:Seventy kids with muscular torticollis were intervened by tuina plus ultrasonic therapy, and the efficacy was evaluated after 8-month treatment. Results: After 8-month treatment, 41 subjects were cured, accounting for 58.6%, 27 were improved, occupying 38.6%, 2 failed, occupying 2.8%, and the total effective rate was 97.2%. Conclusion: Tuina plus ultrasonic therapy can produce a significant efficacy in treating infantile muscular torticollis, without adverse effects.

  10. Transumbilical laparoscopic treatment of Congenital Infantile Fibrosarcoma of the Ileum

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    G. Scirè

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Congenital-Infantile Fibrosarcoma (CIF is a malignant mesenchymal tumor representing 10-20% of soft-tissue tumors. Complete surgical resection is generally the treatment of choice. The most recurrent cytogenetic abnormality was identified as the traslocation t(12;15(p13:q25, which bears the fusion of Tel gene EVT6 with TrkC gene. This study describes a case of infantile fibrosarcoma of the ileum in a female newborn examined for intestinal occlusion and its laparoscopic treatment.

  11. Significados culturais da asma infantil Cultural meanings of the infantile asthma

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    Mirna Albuquerque Frota

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os significados culturais da asma infantil com origem na mãe-cuidadora. PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS: Pesquisa qualitativa realizada em 2004, no município de Fortaleza, CE. Foi utilizada a observação participante com abordagem etnográfica e entrevistas com sete mães acompanhantes de seus filhos em unidade de emergência hospitalar. Os significados das falas das mães foram identificados utilizando-se a técnica de análise temática. ANÁLISE DOS RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas duas categorias de discussão; na primeira, "desinformação sobre a doença", foi possível perceber que as mães não são informadas sobre a doença do filho. Na segunda categoria, "cuidado cultural", as mães referem informações sobre os cuidados e utilizam recursos do saber popular para prevenir a asma dos filhos, como o cuidado ambiental e a utilização de remédios caseiros à base de plantas medicinais. CONCLUSÕES: As características de desinformação e desconhecimento materno em relação à asma do filho mostram a necessidade de haver um trabalho educativo intenso, dialógico e problematizador em estreita colaboração com o tratamento, visando à melhoria do prognóstico da doença.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cultural meanings of infantile asthma from the perspective of the mother/carer of the child. METHODOLOGICAL PROCEDURES: Qualitative research conducted in 2004, in the city of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil. An ethnographic approach was utilized, consisting of participant observation and interviews with seven mothers, accompanying their children in a hospital emergency ward. Thematic analysis was the technique employed when identifying the meanings of mothers' discourse. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS: Two discussion categories were identified: "disinformation on illness" in which it was possible to perceive that the mothers were not informed with respect to their children's illness; and "cultural care" in which they relate information on

  12. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for infantile osteopetrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orchard, Paul J; Fasth, Anders L; Le Rademacher, Jennifer; He, Wensheng; Boelens, Jaap Jan; Horwitz, Edwin M; Al-Seraihy, Amal; Ayas, Mouhab; Bonfim, Carmem M; Boulad, Farid; Lund, Troy; Buchbinder, David K; Kapoor, Neena; O'Brien, Tracey A; Perez, Miguel A Diaz; Veys, Paul A; Eapen, Mary

    2015-07-01

    We report the international experience in outcomes after related and unrelated hematopoietic transplantation for infantile osteopetrosis in 193 patients. Thirty-four percent of transplants used grafts from HLA-matched siblings, 13% from HLA-mismatched relatives, 12% from HLA-matched, and 41% from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors. The median age at transplantation was 12 months. Busulfan and cyclophosphamide was the most common conditioning regimen. Long-term survival was higher after HLA-matched sibling compared to alternative donor transplantation. There were no differences in survival after HLA-mismatched related, HLA-matched unrelated, or mismatched unrelated donor transplantation. The 5- and 10-year probabilities of survival were 62% and 62% after HLA-matched sibling and 42% and 39% after alternative donor transplantation (P = .01 and P = .002, respectively). Graft failure was the most common cause of death, accounting for 50% of deaths after HLA-matched sibling and 43% of deaths after alternative donor transplantation. The day-28 incidence of neutrophil recovery was 66% after HLA-matched sibling and 61% after alternative donor transplantation (P = .49). The median age of surviving patients is 7 years. Of evaluable surviving patients, 70% are visually impaired; 10% have impaired hearing and gross motor delay. Nevertheless, 65% reported performance scores of 90 or 100, and in 17%, a score of 80 at last contact. Most survivors >5 years are attending mainstream or specialized schools. Rates of veno-occlusive disease and interstitial pneumonitis were high at 20%. Though allogeneic transplantation results in long-term survival with acceptable social function, strategies to lower graft failure and hepatic and pulmonary toxicity are urgently needed.

  13. Reflexo do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar

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    Sônia de Fátima Camargo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propôs verificar se há reflexos do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar. Se á fatores que influenciam nas interações afetivas e subjetivas dos alunos das séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Escola Municipal Professora Ana Cristina de sena município de Sinop – MT. O objetivo do trabalho foi investigar as relações interpessoais em sala de aula e de que forma essas relações acontecem diante do consumismo. Como fundamentação teórica, recorremos aos autores, Zygmunt Bauman, Anne Barrére, Antonio Chizotti e Maria Minayo. A metodologia usada consistiu na pesquisa qualitativa, no estudo de caso e entrevistas com perguntas abertas e fechadas aplicadas a professores e pais e observação em sala dos alunos. Através dos relatos dos sujeitos realizamos um estudo analítico confrontando os dados da pesquisa com os autores principais que fundamentam a mesma. O presente trabalho pretende contribuir com a escola na sensibilização de futuros consumidores, e como trabalhar com conceitos de valores do ‘ser’ e não do ‘ter’. Os resultados da investigação revelam que a realidade na qual foi pesquisado, o reflexo do consumismo e contundentes e que o consumismo não é o único fator a influenciar nas relações e formação subjetiva dos alunos.Palavras-chave: educação; ensino fundamental; anos iniciais; consumismo; sociointeracionismo.

  14. Causas de ceguera infantil en Cali, Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Zuluaga

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: La retinopatía de la prematuridad es la principal causa de ceguera en los niños que consultan a las instituciones responsables de la atención de este problema en el mundo. En Colombia y en Cali se desconoce el impacto de este daño sobre la salud de los niños. OBJETIVO: Cuantificar las principales causas de ceguera infantil en Cali y así dar las bases para crear programas de salud ocular que realmente produzcan un impacto en las enfermedades de mayor prevalencia en Cali. METODOLOGÍA: Se revisó el registro diario de admisión del Departamento de Psicología del Instituto para niños ciegos y sordos de Cali. Hubo 124 niños matriculados entre los periodos académicos 1994 a 2004; se revisaron las historias clínicas y cuando éstas no estaban disponibles, se les realizó ecografía ocular con los padres presentes y se cuantificó la distribución de enfermedades visuales en 8 categorías. HALLAZGOS: De los 124 niños que ingresaron al Instituto en el periodo mencionado, 42 (33.8% tuvieron diagnóstico de retinopatía de la prematuridad y el resto tuvo otros diagnósticos. CONCLUSIONES: Las principales causas de ceguera en los niños que estudian en el Instituto para niños Ciegos y Sordos del Valle del Cauca son prevenibles con prevención primaria la retinopatía de la prematuridad y la toxoplasmosis o con prevención secundaria la retinopatía de la prematuridad, el glaucoma, el retinoblastoma y la catarata.

  15. Causas de ceguera infantil en Cali, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Zuluaga

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La retinopatía de la prematuridad es la principal causa de ceguera en los niños que consultan a las instituciones responsables de la atención de este problema en el mundo. En Colombia y en Cali se desconoce el impacto de este daño sobre la salud de los niños. Objetivo: Cuantificar las principales causas de ceguera infantil en Cali y así dar las bases para crear programas de salud ocular que realmente produzcan un impacto en las enfermedades de mayor prevalencia en Cali. Metodología: Se revisó el registro diario de admisión del Departamento de Psicología del Instituto para niños ciegos y sordos de Cali. Hubo 124 niños matriculados entre los periodos académicos 1994 a 2004; se revisaron las historias clínicas y cuando éstas no estaban disponibles, se les realizó ecografía ocular con los padres presentes y se cuantificó la distribución de enfermedades visuales en 8 categorías. Hallazgos: De los 124 niños que ingresaron al Instituto en el período mencionado, 42 (33.8% tuvieron diagnóstico de retinopatía de la prematuridad, 19 (15.3% toxoplasmosis y el resto tuvo otros diagnósticos. Conclusiones: Las principales causas de ceguera en los niños que estudian en el Instituto para niños Ciegos y Sordos del Valle del Cauca son prevenibles con prevención primaria la retinopatía de la prematuridad y la toxoplasmosis o con prevención secundaria la retinopatía de la prematuridad, el glaucoma, el retinoblastoma y la catarata.

  16. Factores influyentes en el comportamiento alimentario infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica del Pilar Díaz-Beltrán

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La razón por la que los niños tienen determinadas características en el consumo de alimentos es un tema que preocupa tanto a padres, como a profesionales e investigadores cercanos a esta área de estudio. Aquí se buscó comprender los factores que hoy día son reconocidos como influyentes en el consumo de alimentos por parte de la población infantil. Para ello se revisó literatura científica publicada desde enero de 2002 hasta abril de 2013; la revisión se adelantó en las bases de datos: Scopus, Science Direct, Ebscohost y Redalyc. Se obtuvieron 57 documentos acordes a los criterios de inclusión definidos. Dicho ejercicio llevó a clasificar la información encontrada en condiciones individuales, características del entorno y estrategias frecuentes que pueden influir en el consumo. La revisión realizada permite concluir que hoy en día, más que hablar solo de consumo, la mirada se traslada al comportamiento alimentario. Esto incluye las características de los alimentos consumidos, lugares, experiencias, compañías, entre otros aspectos, que forman parte de un patrón de conducta alrededor de los alimentos. De esta manera, se evidencian campos de intervención e investigación en aspectos tales como conducta alimentaria por género, rasgos genéticos y estado nutricional; también se exploran creencias y experiencias alrededor de los alimentos, grupos sociales influyentes, características organolépticas de las preparaciones y estrategias de promoción que involucran mucho más que trasmitir conocimiento acerca de lo saludable, entre otros.

  17. Mortalidad infantil en Cuba 1959-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Riverón Corteguera

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available De 1959 a 1999, con los datos estadísticos disponibles, la mortalidad infantil en Cuba disminuyó en 81,3 %, la mortalidad neonatal precoz se redujo el 73,4 %, la mortalidad neonatal tardía el 83,6 % y la posneonatal en 86,0 %. Las reducciones obtenidas en el período se distribuyeron uniformemente entre todas las provincias, aunque la mayor disminución se produjo en las provincias centrales y occidentales. Los rubros que más disminuyeron sus tasas fueron: enteritis y otras enfermedades diarreicas, infecciones respiratorias agudas, afecciones perinatales en general y las meningitis, aunque todas las causas reducen la mortalidad en el período. La natalidad descendió el 51,3 %, la fecundidad lo hizo en 30 %, el crecimiento demográfico bruto de la población disminuyó el 59,8 %, el parto institucional aumentó en 65,9 %, el bajo peso al nacer descendió el 36,9 %, la mortalidad perinatal se redujo el 67,2 %, los nacidos vivos disminuyeron el 21,1 % y la supervivencia infantil a los 5 años aumentó el 3,8 %. Esto ha sido posible debido principalmente a la decisión política de priorizar el sector de la salud y muy especialmente la salud maternoinfantil adoptada por nuestro Estado a principios de la década de los 60, lo que permitió alcanzar avances en la organización, calidad de la atención y una amplia cobertura de los servicios de salud. También fueron elementos importantes, el mejoramiento del nivel de vida y de la educación alcanzados por la población, las mejoras logradas en la situación sanitaria y epidemiológica, la distribución equitativa de los alimentos que prioriza a la madre y al niño. Un elemento fundamental en la última década ha sido el desarrollo del "médico de la familia" en la atención primaria y el mejoramiento de la atención hospitalaria. Por otra parte han contribuido de manera notable el establecimiento del Programa Nacional de Atención Maternoinfantil, que abarca las inmunizaciones, el control de las

  18. Kidney (Renal) Failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How is kidney failure treated? What is kidney (renal) failure? The kidneys are designed to maintain proper fluid ... marrow and strengthen the bones. The term kidney (renal) failure describes a situation in which the kidneys have ...

  19. Renal arteries (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A renal angiogram is a test used to examine the blood vessels of the kidneys. The test is performed ... main vessel of the pelvis, up to the renal artery that leads into the kidney. Contrast medium ...

  20. Distrofia neuroaxonal infantil: relato de dois casos Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROSANA HERMINIA SCOLA

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Descrevemos dois casos de distrofia neuroaxonal infantil ou doença de Seitelberger, que é doença rara, neurodegenerativa, com herança autossômica recessiva. O primeiro caso, sexo masculino, com 8 anos de idade, apresentava atraso do desenvolvimento psicomotor, ataxia e fraqueza muscular. Ao exame físico foi encontrado nistagmo horizontal e vertical com palidez do disco óptico, hipotonia e arreflexia profunda. O segundo caso, sexo masculino, com 1 ano e 6 meses de idade, apresentava atraso do desenvolvimento psicomotor e convulsões. No exame físico, apresentava atrofia de nervo óptico, hipertonia e hiperreflexia. A biópsia de nervo sural de ambos os pacientes mostrou aumento dos axônios, compatível com distrofia neuroaxonal. As características clínicas pleomórficas, bem como os achados neurofisiológicos variáveis tornam difícil firmar o diagnóstico, o qual é ajudado pela confirmação anatomopatológica dos esferóides neuroaxonais.We describe two cases of infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy, which is a rare, neurodegenerative disease, with autosomal recessive inheritance. The first case was an 8 year old boy, with arrested motor and mental development, ataxia and muscle weakness. On physical examination there was horizontal and vertical nystagmus, optic disc atrophy, hypotonia; deep tendon reflexes were absent. The second case was a 1.6 year old boy with arrested motor and mental development, and seizures. On physical examination there was optic atrophy, hypertonia and hyperreflexia. Both patients had on sural nerve biopsy neuronal enlargement, consistent with neuroaxonal dystrophy. Diagnosis without pathological confirmation with neuroaxonal spheroids is very difficult, because the clinical picture is variable and the neurophysiological findings are non specific.

  1. [Renal leiomyoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joual, A; Guessous, H; Rabii, R; Benjelloun, M; Benlemlih, A; Skali, K; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    The authors report a case of renal leiomyoma observed in a 56-year-old man. This cyst presented in the from of loin pain. Computed tomography revealed a homogeneous renal tumor. Treatment consisted of radical nephrectomy. Histological examination of the specimen showed benign renal leiomyoma.

  2. Renal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heerwagen, S T; Jensen, C; Bagi, P

    2007-01-01

    Renal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare soft-tissue tumor of controversial etiology with a potential for local recurrence after incomplete surgical resection. The radiological findings in renal IMT are not well described. We report two cases in adults with a renal mass treated...

  3. Selvadministreret ventrikelsondeernaering hos et barn med infantil autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrborg, J

    1991-01-01

    An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill...

  4. El trabajo infantil en México y sus causas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Orraca, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    ... de la población menor de edad en México. Con base en datos del Módulo de Trabajo Infantil, se estima una serie de modelos probit multivariados bajo distintas especificaciones con el objetivo de minimizar los problemas de endogeneidad de la muestra...

  5. Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma with a malignant course : Case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoving, Eelco W.; Kros, Johan M.; Groninger, Ellis; Den Dunnen, Wilfred F. A.

    2008-01-01

    Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIGs) are rare supratentorial tumors that arise in infancy. Despite the large size of these lesions, the prognosis is generally considered favorable after gross-total resection (GTR); however, in incidental cases tumor progression has been described. The author

  6. Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend-Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2016-01-01

    Background: To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.Objective:The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age...

  7. El timerosal y las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Maya

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Se evalúa la relación causal entre el timerosal (etilmercurio, como preservante en las vacunas pediátricas, y el incremento de casos de enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil, como consecuencia de la ampliación de los esquemas de inmunización. Se revisó la información científica, relacionando el timerosal y las evidencias que permitan evaluar una posible asociación causal, con estudios epidemiológicos, ecológicos, biomoleculares y toxicológicos, de bioseguridad, toxicológicos fetales y sobre salud reproductiva. Se encontró múltiples asociaciones entre la exposición a timerosal y las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil. Tal neurotoxicidad ocurre en los infantes y fetos de gestantes vacunadas por dosis acumulativa de mercurio. Las diversas evidencias implican al timerosal como el agente causante, agravante o disparador de las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil. La toxicidad del mercurio obligó al retiro progresivo del timerosal de los medicamentos. Lamentablemente, en las vacunas, ha habido una sustancial demora en la demostración de su impacto negativo. Actualmente, existen vacunas sin timerosal, cuyo uso está ocasionando la disminución de la incidencia de las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil.

  8. Experience with Holter monitoring during propranolol therapy for infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacks, Stephanie K; Kertesz, Naomi J; Witman, Patricia M; Fernandez Faith, Esteban

    2015-08-01

    Although adverse events in children treated with propranolol have proven rare, the appropriate methods of assessing cardiovascular risk and monitoring for toxicity when the medication is used for infantile hemangiomas remain unclear. We sought to analyze Holter monitor reports of otherwise healthy patients on propranolol for infantile hemangiomas to determine the incidence of sustained arrhythmias and to evaluate the utility of Holter monitoring in the outpatient setting. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients with infantile hemangioma who underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring after initiation or dose escalation of propranolol between 2011 and 2014. In all, 43 patients aged 1.8 to 36.2 months, with 44 Holter monitor reports, were included in the study. No sustained arrhythmias were revealed. The treatment plan was not altered in any patient based on the Holter monitor report. This was a retrospective study design. Our study suggests that Holter monitoring may be unnecessary in otherwise healthy patients with infantile hemangioma older than 12 weeks who are treated with propranolol in the outpatient setting. Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Effectiveness of propanolol for treatment of infantile haemangioma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ida Gillberg; Rechnitzer, Catherine; Charabi, Birgitte

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Infantile haemangiomas (IH) are the most common benign tumours in children. They are characterised by rapid growth during the first year of life followed by spontaneous regression during childhood. Indications for treatment are functional impairment, bleeding/ulceration, rapid growt...

  10. Infantile Short Bowel Syndrome: short and long term evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.F. Olieman (Joanne)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractInfantile short bowel syndrome is a condition which is characterized by malabsorption of nutrients, as a result of congenital intestinal shortening or massive small bowel resection. Survival rates have improved over the years, but morbidity remains high and clinical management of these p

  11. Gastric emptying in adults treated for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, L; Oster-Jörgensen, E; Hansen, L P;

    1989-01-01

    The gastric emptying rate was scintigraphically determined in 6 women and 26 men who had undergone medical or surgical treatment for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis a median of 29 years previously. Dyspeptic complaints were reported by four of the seven medically treated and nine of the 25...

  12. Treatment of 36 Cases of Infantile Enuresis by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ping; YUE Lan

    2003-01-01

    Treated 36 cases of infantile enuresis by acupuncturing Zuyunganqu (Foot Motor Sensory Area),Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Zhongwan (CV 12),Zusanli (ST 36), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Pishu (BL 20),Weishu (BL 21) and Shenshu (BL 23). After two courses,29 cases were cured, 5 cases were improvement and 2cases were no effect.

  13. Hacia una educación infantil de calidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lupita Chaves Salas

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las funciones que cumple la educación infantil dentro de la sociedad y da a conocer algunos criterios de calidad para valorar los programas dirigidos a la educación del niño y la niña menor de seis años

  14. Infantile malignant osteopetrosis: A case report of three siblings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahil Jain

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile malignant osteopetrosis, a rare hereditary, generalized disorder of bone characterized by a significant increase in the density of the skeletal tissues is described in three siblings. The incidence, genetic etiology, clinical, laboratory, radiological features, management and prognosis have been discussed.

  15. Treatment of 40 Cases of Infantile Convulsion by Tuina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAN Jie; ZHUANG An-shi; CUI Yi-jun

    2005-01-01

    @@ Infantile convulsion is a common disease in infants and babies and often caused by scare and improper nursing. Its main clinical manifestations are fright,crying and waking up with a start, etc. Since 1998, we have treated 40 cases by Tuina. It is summarized as follows.

  16. Evolving strategy in treatment of infantile hemangiomas: from steroids to propranolol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhan Kupeli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors of the early childhood. Increased incidence of infantile hemangiomas can be attributed to widespread use of assisted reproductive technologies. Majority of hemangiomas in infantile age group resolve spontaneously and only a small proportion of the cases with infantile hemangiomas requires treatment. GLUT-ONE acronym (Giant infantile hemangiomas, Liver and/or other visceral organ involvement, Ulcerated or bleeding infantile hemangiomas, Threatening of life, Organ dysfunctioning infantile hemangiomas, Non-localized infantile hemangiomas, Esthetic/cosmetic compromise can help clinicians for the rapid decision of treatment. Corticosteroids have long been the mainstay treatment for hemangiomatous lesions but after the description of antiproliferative effect of propranolol on severe infantile hemangiomas in 2008, propranolol has been the preferred choice of treatment in many centers. Future studies should be directed to answer the questions regarding the optimal duration of propranolol treatment to overcome recurrences and clinical and histopathological characteristics of infantile hemangiomas that failed treatment with propranolol. [Cukurova Med J 2016; 41(2.000: 354-359

  17. Postpartum renal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubens, D; Sterns, R H; Segal, A J

    1985-01-01

    Renal vein thrombosis in adults is usually a complication of the nephrotic syndrome. Rarely, it has been reported in nonnephrotic women postpartum. The thrombosis may be a complication of the hypercoagulable state associated with both the nephrotic syndrome and pregnancy. Two postpartum patients with renal vein thrombosis and no prior history of renal disease are reported here. Neither patient had heavy proteinuria. In both cases, pyelonephritis was suspected clinically and the diagnosis of renal vein thrombosis was first suggested and confirmed by radiologic examination. Renal vein thrombosis should be considered in women presenting postpartum with flank pain.

  18. Renal infarction resulting from traumatic renal artery dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Kyung Pyo; Lee, Sik; Kim, Won; Jin, Gong Yong; Na, Ki Ryang; Yun, Il Yong; Park, Sung Kwang

    2008-06-01

    Renal artery dissection may be caused by iatrogenic injury, trauma, underlying arterial diseases such as fibromuscular disease, atherosclerotic disease, or connective tissue disease. Radiological imaging may be helpful in detecting renal artery pathology, such as renal artery dissection. For patients with acute, isolated renal artery dissection, surgical treatment, endovascular management, or medical treatment have been considered effective measures to preserve renal function. We report a case of renal infarction that came about as a consequence of renal artery dissection.

  19. [Keeping dogs indoor aggravates infantile atopic dermatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, K; Hizawa, T; Fukuzumi, T; Kataoka, Y

    1999-12-01

    We had a two-month-old girl with severe dermatitis since birth. Her serum RAST to HD, Df and Dp were 1.06, 0.03 and 0.01 Ua/ml respectively. A Yorkshire terrier were kept at her mother's parents' home where the patient had lived for a month since birth. Her eczema, which became markedly aggravated whenever she visited there, improved after the elimination of the dog. We investigated the relationship between keeping dogs and infantile atopic dermatitis. We studied 368 patients under the age of two years (211 boys and 157 girls). Skin symptoms were graded globally mild, moderate or severe. Total serum IgE and specific antibody titer to dog dander were measured. We asked them whether they kept dogs and specifically, where they kept dogs, outdoor, indoor, in their own house, or in their grandparents' house. 197 patients had no contact with dogs, 90 patients kept dogs outdoor and 81 patients did indoor. The positive rate of RAST (> or = 0.7 Ua/ml) to dog dander was 6.1%, 17.8% and 46.9% respectively in these three groups. There were strong statistical differences between three groups. On the other hand, among the 81 patients who kept indoor, the RAST positive rates were almost same regarding where the dogs were kept, in their own house or their grandparents' house. Interestingly this difference happens only with patients under the age of 3 months. Patients older than 4 months showed no significant differences in the positive RAST rates, whether they kept dogs indoor or outdoor. This suggests the sensitization occurs before the age of 3 months. Speaking of symptoms, patients who kept dogs indoor showed significantly more severe symptoms than patients who had no contact with dogs and patients who kept dogs outdoor. There was no significant difference between the symptoms of patients who had no contact with dogs and those of patients who kept dogs outdoor. This implies the patient's symptom will improve only by moving the dog out of the house.

  20. La literatura infantil en el aula de Educación Infantil: propuesta para solucionar el problema de los celos

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Revilla, María

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se expone la importancia de la literatura infantil como una de las herramientas educativas básicas en la formación integral del niño, de integración, socialización y como medio fundamental en la educación emocional. [...

  1. From Infantile Citizens to Infantile Institutions: The Metaphoric Transformation of Political Economy in the 2008 Housing Market Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Megan

    2012-01-01

    The logic of political economy depends on a domestic metaphor, using the "oikos" or household as a model for the "polis." Historically, this metaphor has imagined citizens as the children of a paternal state. However during the 2008 housing crisis, this metaphor was turned upside down, depicting citizens as the parents of infantile state…

  2. Refractory anemia leading to renal hemosiderosis and renal failure

    OpenAIRE

    Sujatha Siddappa; K M Mythri; Kowsalya, R.; Ashish Parekh

    2011-01-01

    Renal hemosiderosis is a rare cause of renal failure and, as a result, may not be diagnosed unless a detailed history, careful interpretation of blood parameters and renal biopsy with special staining is done. Here, we present a rare case of renal hemosiderosis presenting with renal failure.

  3. Refractory anemia leading to renal hemosiderosis and renal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujatha Siddappa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Renal hemosiderosis is a rare cause of renal failure and, as a result, may not be diagnosed unless a detailed history, careful interpretation of blood parameters and renal biopsy with special staining is done. Here, we present a rare case of renal hemosiderosis presenting with renal failure.

  4. Renal replacement therapy for acute renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, E; Bouchard, J; Mehta, R L

    2009-09-01

    Renal replacement therapy became a common clinical tool to treat patients with severe acute kidney injury (AKI) since the 1960s. During this time dialytic options have expanded considerably; biocompatible membranes, bicarbonate dialysate and dialysis machines with volumetric ultrafiltration control have improved the treatment for acute kidney injury. Along with advances in methods of intermittent hemodialysis, continuous renal replacement therapies have gained widespread acceptance in the treatment of dialysis-requiring AKI. However, many of the fundamental aspects of the renal replacement treatment such as indication, timing of dialytic intervention, and choice of dialysis modality are still controversial and may influence AKI patient's outcomes. This review outlines current concepts in the use of dialysis techniques for AKI and suggests an approach for selecting the optimal method of renal replacement therapy.

  5. Renal function after renal artery stenting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George S. Hanzel; Mark Downes; Peter A. McCullough

    2005-01-01

    @@ Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS), a common clinical finding, is increasing in prevalence as the population ages. ARAS is seen in ~ 7% of persons over 65 years of age1 and in ~ 20% of patients at the time of coronary angiography.2 It is an important cause of chronic kidney disease and may result in 11-14% of cases of end stage renal disease.3

  6. Psicoterapia Infantil em Grupo: Possibilidades de Escuta de Subjetividades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maísa Campos Guimarães

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La psicoterapia infantil está en constante proceso de formación. Junto al cuerpo teórico de conocimiento, se hace necesario que los psicoterapeutas infantiles estén en constante dialogo con su manera de actuar, elaboren y transmitan nuevos conocimientos sobre la práctica de clínica infantil. En ese sentido, el presente artículo tiene como objetivo traer nuevas reflexiones acerca de la clínica infantil, fundamentada en la Psicoanálisis y en la Psicología Socio-Histórica, y contextualizada en una experiencia de psicoterapia de grupo conducida por las autoras en contexto de clínica-escuela. El grupo estaba formado por cuatro chicos, con edades entre seis a nueve años, elegidos con demandas diversas. A partir de las reflexiones sobre las experiencias vividas por las psicoterapeutas junto a los niños, se hizo posible observar como la escucha en grupo exigió que se considerara los constantes encuentros de subjetividades, bien como el asombro a otros. Así, los niños pudieron experimentar estos encuentros y conflictos con el desarrollo psíquico de los otros miembros de manera que fue posible elaborar procesos de su propio desarrollo. Es importante resaltar que las psicoterapeutas buscaron construir un modelo de escucha particular en las atenciones, posibilitando la escucha para cada niño en su subjetividad y del grupo como sujeto, construido a partir de las intensas relaciones establecidas entre los miembros, y de ellos con las psicoterapeutas. Por lo tanto, con el presente trabajo, se hizo pertinente considerar que la clínica infantil en grupo construida fue elaborada a partir de la visión de las psicoterapeutas a los niños y al infantil, de la actuación de las mismas junto a los miembros del grupo, y también a partir de las reflexiones críticas pertinentes al proceso psicoterápico.

  7. [Acupoint Selection Laws for Massage Therapy of Infantile Anorexia: an Analysis Based on Data Mining].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kai; Wang Jie; Wang, Yan-guo

    2016-06-01

    Massage prescriptions for treating infantile anorexia in Chinese Academic Journal Full-Text Database (CNKI, 1979-2012), Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal Full-Text Database (VIP, 1989-2012) and Wanfang Database (1990-2012) were collected. By using Chinese Medicine Inheritance Auxiliary Platform (Version 2.0) Software, 286 massage prescriptions for treatment of infantile anorexia were screened involved 76 acupoints, 20 commonly used acupoints, and 57 core acupoint combinations. Infantile Tuina specific points were used as main acupoints in massage therapy for infantile anorexia, and core acupoints covered Jizhu, Pi meridian, abdomen, Nei-Bagua, Zusanli (ST36), and Ban-men.

  8. Imaging of renal osteodystrophy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jevtic, V. E-mail: vladimir.jevtic@mf.uni-lj.si

    2003-05-01

    Chronic renal insufficiency, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, renal transplantation and administration of different medications provoke complex biochemical disturbances of the calcium-phosphate metabolism with wide spectrum of bone and soft tissue abnormalities termed renal osteodystrophy. Clinically most important manifestation of renal bone disease includes secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia/rickets, osteoporosis, adynamic bone disease and soft tissue calcification. As a complication of long-term hemodialysis and renal transplantation amyloid deposition, destructive spondyloarthropathy, osteonecrosis, and musculoskeletal infections may occur. Due to more sophisticated diagnostic methods and more efficient treatment classical radiographic features of secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteomalacia/rickets are now less frequently seen. Radiological investigations play an important role in early diagnosis and follow-up of the renal bone disease. Although numerous new imaging modalities have been introduced in clinical practice (scintigraphy, CT, MRI, quantitative imaging), plain film radiography, especially fine quality hand radiograph, still represents most widely used examination.

  9. Estilos de apego padres-hijo y obesidad infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Alba-Alba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El apego es una conducta de búsqueda de cercanía con el otro significativo para obtener seguridad, confianza y afecto la cual se lleva a cabo a través de distintas estrategias que determinan un estilo de apego. El estilo de apego puede clasificarse en dos grandes categorías: seguro e inseguro. La incidencia de obesidad infantil continúa en aumento en México, siendo uno de los países más afectados por lo que es prioritario explorar nuevos aportes de conocimiento respecto al tema. El presente artículo ofrece información teórica y empírica como referente para plantear la pertinencia de estudiar la relación entre estilos de apego padres-hijo y obesidad infantil.

  10. First trimester nicotine exposure and the risk of infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background: Although prenatal exposure to maternal smoking has been associated with infantile colic (IC), to date no published studies have reported on the relationship between the prenatal use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and IC. Aim: We aimed to assess the relationship between fetal...... exposure to nicotine, coming from both cigarette smoking and use of NRT early in pregnancy, and IC. Methods: The study population consisted of 63,883 pregnancies that resulted in live born singletons enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1997 and 2002. Mother’s smoking habits and use of NRT......: The results indicate that prenatal exposure to nicotine from any source during the first trimester of the pregnancy increases the risk of infantile colic....

  11. Congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the fibula associated with osteofibrous dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hisaoka, Masanori; Hashimoto, Hiroshi [Department of Pathology and Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (Japan); Ohguri, Takayuki [Department of Pathology and Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (Japan); Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (Japan); Aoki, Takatoshi [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (Japan); Okamoto, Sumika; Ishida, Tsuyoshi [Department of Pathology, NTT MC Kanto Medical Center, Tokyo (Japan); Tanaka, Hidetoshi; Okimoto, Nobukazu; Nakamura, Toshitaka [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2004-09-01

    We describe a recently noted association of congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the lower leg with osteofibrous dysplasia. The patient was a 2-year-old boy who presented with a deformed left ankle joint and three cutaneous cafe-au-lait spots. Radiography demonstrated pseudarthrosis of the left distal fibula and a round lucent lesion adjacent to the proximal part of the pseudarthrosis. Histologically, the surgically removed fibula with pseudarthrosis showed a fibromatosis-like fibrovascular proliferation and nonspecific reparative changes. The focal lucent area demonstrated a fibro-osseous lesion, which was histologically identical to osteofibrous dysplasia. This case provides further evidence that osteofibrous dysplasia may be associated with congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the lower leg. (orig.)

  12. ATENCIÓN INFANTIL TEMPRANA EN ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Auxiliadora Robles-Bello

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende destacar un ámbito de trabajo de la Psicología Clínica que se ha convertido en una disciplina propia de actuación en la población infantil, para ello se trata de esclarecer el concepto actual de atención temprana y su estructuración territorial vigente en nuestro país. Comenzamos por una definición general de la atención infantil temprana, se continúa especificando los inicios de la atención temprana en España y sus pioneros para finalizar planteando como se estructura este servicio en las diversas Comunidades Autónomas, y en particular en la Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía.

  13. Significaciones del abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar en contexto mapuche rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Sanhueza Díaz

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de caso realizado en la Región de La Araucanía, con actores sociales relevantes para el mundo mapuche y familias afectadas por situaciones de abuso sexual. Se plantean los principales hallazgos, en torno a las visiones que estos actores sociales tienen respecto del abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar, en el complejo contexto de relaciones interétnicas característicode esta región. Destaca la pérdida de mecanismos de protección propios de la cultura, el potencial rol de las autoridades tradicionales, la vulnerabilidad de la fi gura materna, las condiciones sociofamiliares que constituirían factores de riesgo ante situaciones de abuso sexual infantil y la valorización del rol de facilitador intercultural y de la lengua materna como dispositivo terapéutico.

  14. Incidental renal neoplasms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rabjerg, Maj; Mikkelsen, Minne Nedergaard; Walter, Steen;

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of associations between tumor size, pathological stage, histological subtype and tumor grade in incidentally detected renal cell carcinoma vs symptomatic renal cell carcinoma, we discussed the need for a screening program of renal cell carcinoma in Denmark. We analyzed a consecutive...... series of 204 patients with renal tumors in 2011 and 2012. The tumors were classified according to detection mode: symptomatic and incidental and compared to pathological parameters. Eighty-nine patients (44%) were symptomatic, 113 (55%) were incidental. Information was not available in two patients...

  15. Insuficiencia renal aguda.

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Hernán Mejía

    2009-01-01

    Acute renal failure (ARF) is a clinic syndrome characterized by decline in renal function occurring over a short time period. Is a relatively common complication in hospitalized critically ill patients and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. ARF has often a multi-factorial etiology syndrome usually approached diagnostically as pre-renal, post-renal, or intrinsic ARF. Most intrinsic ARF is caused by ischemia or nephrotoxins and is classically associated with acute tubular necrosis...

  16. Corpus de inscripciones sobre la esclavitud infantil en Hispania romana

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo Ortiz de Zárate, Santos

    2009-01-01

    Se presenta en este trabajo el corpus epigráfico relativo a la servidumbre infantil en Hispania romana, como base a una serie de estudios sobre la dependencia personal en este ámbito social. This work shows the epigraphic sources dealing with the children-slaves in Roman Spain and sets up a base for future studies about personal dependence in this social sphere.

  17. Long-term outcome in pyridoxine-responsive infantile epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riikonen, R; Mankinen, K; Gaily, E

    2015-11-01

    Dose regimens of pyridoxine (vitamin B6) for treatment of infantile spasms have varied from 200 mg/d to 300 mg/kg/d. Only two long-term outcome studies of the treated patients are available. We asked all pediatric neurologists treating pediatric epilepsy in Finland if they had seen patients with pyridoxine-responsive infantile epilepsy. Five children with infantile spasms and hypsarrhythmia and one with focal epilepsy were reported as pyridoxine responders. Data on clinical presentation and outcome were collected from patient charts. All B6 responders had un-known aetiology. Two patients were studied for pyridoxal 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) deficiency and showed negative results. Ages at seizure onset ranged from 4 to 7 months. The maintenance dose of oral pyridoxine was 150 mg/day. Response occurred within 1-to 14 days (mean 5 days). Two patients were treated with concomitant antiepileptic drugs. Duration of pyridoxine therapy varied from 6 weeks to 4 years (mean 26 months). Four patients had later seizure recurrence: one at 15 months with motor seizures (stopped by valproate), another two in adolescence with focal epilepsy and one at 20 years with unclassified epilepsy. Intelligence was normal in five patients and one had a mild mental deficiency. Follow-up ranged from 8.5 to 24 years. Rare patients with infantile epilepsy but not pyridoxine dependency may respond to smaller doses of pyridoxine than reported before. Long-term cognitive outcome appears to be good but late seizure recurrence (in adolescence or in adulthood) occur. So far it is unknown if the response was determined by genetic traits or disease-related factors. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  18. Infantile onset diabetes mellitus in developing countries - India

    OpenAIRE

    Varadarajan, Poovazhagi

    2016-01-01

    Infantile onset diabetes mellitus (IODM) is an uncommon metabolic disorder in children. Infants with onset of diabetes mellitus (DM) at age less than one year are likely to have transient or permanent neonatal DM or rarely type 1 diabetes. Diabetes with onset below 6 mo is a heterogeneous disease caused by single gene mutations. Literature on IODM is scanty in India. Nearly 83% of IODM cases present with diabetic keto acidosis at the onset. Missed diagnosis was common in infants with diabetes...

  19. Miastenia gravis infantil: relato de caso diagnosticado clinicamente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Rodrigo Lopes

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available Registro de caso de miastenia infantil (forma congênita, em criança com 16 meses de idade. Ênfase ao diagnóstico diferencial das várias formas de miastenia na infância é dada durante a discussão do caso. O diagnóstico baseou-se na resposta imediata a teste com Neostigmina, seguido de terapêutica satisfatória com Mestinon.

  20. teóricos explicativos del maltrato infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Moreno Manso

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describen las cinco formas de maltrato infantil y los principales modelos teóricos que a lo largo de los últimos treinta años han tratado de proporcionar explicaciones sobre los fenómenos de abuso sexual, maltrato físico, abandono físico, maltrato emocional y abandono emocional.

  1. Assessment of Infantile Mineral Imbalances in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toyoharu Tsutsui

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The interactions between genes and the environment are now regarded as the most probable explanation for autism. In this review, we summarize the results of a metallomics study in which scalp hair concentrations of 26 trace elements were examined for 1,967 autistic children (1,553 males and 414 females aged 0–15 years-old, and discuss recent advances in our understanding of epigenetic roles of infantile mineral imbalances in the pathogenesis of autism. In the 1,967 subjects, 584 (29.7% and 347 (17.6% were found deficient in zinc and magnesium, respectively, and the incidence rate of zinc deficiency was estimated at 43.5% in male and 52.5% in female infantile subjects aged 0–3 years-old. In contrast, 339 (17.2%, 168 (8.5% and 94 (4.8% individuals were found to suffer from high burdens of aluminum, cadmium and lead, respectively, and 2.8% or less from mercury and arsenic. High toxic metal burdens were more frequently observed in the infants aged 0–3 years-old, whose incidence rates were 20.6%, 12.1%, 7.5%, 3.2% and 2.3% for aluminum, cadmium, lead, arsenic and mercury, respectively. These findings suggest that infantile zinc- and magnesium-deficiency and/or toxic metal burdens may be critical and induce epigenetic alterations in the genes and genetic regulation mechanisms of neurodevelopment in the autistic children, and demonstrate that a time factor “infantile window” is also critical for neurodevelopment and probably for therapy. Thus, early metallomics analysis may lead to early screening/estimation and treatment/prevention for the autistic neurodevelopment disorders.

  2. Mortalidad infantil: Análisis de un decenio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogelio León López

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Se efectúo un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo con la finalidad de conocer el comportamiento de la mortalidad infantil en el policlínico docente "30 de Noviembre" durante el decenio 1985-1994. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por los 29 fallecidos menores de un año ocurridos en el período referido en dicha área de salud. Se calculó la tasa de mortalidad infantil en sus diferentes componentes en cada año motivo de estudio. Se encontró que la tasa de mortalidad infantil en nuestra área tiene un comportamiento cíclico, que la mortalidad neonatal precoz fue la que más fallecidos aportó y que las principales causas de muerte fueron la sepsis, el bajo peso al nacer y la hipoxia. Se enfatiza en la importancia de establecer un Plan de Medidas encaminado a disminuir la mortalidad infantil del áreaA descriptive and retrospective study was conducted aimed at knowing the behavior of infant mortality rate at the "30 de Noviembre" Teaching Polyclinic from 1985 to 1994. The 29 infants under one year who died in that health area during that period were studied. Infant mortality rate in its different components was calculated by every year under study. It was found that infant mortality rates in our area had a cyclical behavior, that early neonatal mortality had the highest number of deaths, and that the main cause of death were sepsis, low birth weight and hypoxia. Emphasis is made on the need of implementing a plan of measures to reduce infant mortality rate in the area

  3. Isolated Renal Hydatidosis Presenting as Renal Mass: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Datteswar Hota

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation by larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. Isolated renal involvement is extremely rare. There are no specific signs and symptoms of renal hydatidosis. However it may present as palpable mass, flank pain, hematuria, malaise, fever, and hydatiduria or as a complication of it such as infection, abscess, hemorrhage, necrosis and pelviureteric junction obstruction, renal failure etc. Except hydatiduria, none are pathognomonic for renal hydatidosis. There is no literature on renal hydatidosis presenting as renal mass we report 2 cases of isolated renal hydatidosis, which mimicked a renal mass on imaging study.

  4. Distal renal tubular acidosis in recurrent renal stone formers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osther, P J; Hansen, A B; Røhl, H F

    1989-01-01

    (1.1%) had complete distal renal tubular acidosis and 14 (15.5%) incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis. Our results confirm that distal renal tubular acidification defects are associated with a more severe form of stone disease and make distal renal tubular acidosis one of the most frequent...... metabolic disturbances in renal stone formers. Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) was relatively more common in female stone formers and most often found in patients with bilateral stone disease (36%). Since prophylactic treatment in renal stone formers with renal acidification defects is available...

  5. Renal pelvis or ureter cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter; Kidney cancer - renal pelvis; Ureter cancer ... Cancer can grow in the urine collection system, but it is uncommon. Renal pelvis and ureter cancers ...

  6. Infantile Pompe disease: Clinical picture, diagnosis, and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. P. Kotlukova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pompe disease is a rare inherited disease that belongs to lysosomal accumulation diseases and can be considered as cardiac glycogenosistype II, as well as a severe neuromuscular disease or metabolic myopathy. Physicians of different specialties very rarely identify this pathology, which is due to both its rarity and clinical and genetic polymorphism. Infantile Pompe disease is the severest form. It is characterized by a progressive pattern and a fatal outcome during the first year of life. The possibility of performing enzyme replacement therapy for this disease, which can improve the prognosis and quality of life of patients, makes the early diagnosis of Pompe disease urgent. The paper describes the clinical presentation of infantile Pompe disease and current methods for its diagnosis and treatment. The authors give their experience in diagnosing and treating infantile Pompe disease, by demonstrating 3 cases of the disease. The characteristics of each infant, which confirm the clinical and genetic variety of this pathology, are discussed.

  7. Low Vision Management For Infantile Nystagmus: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Troy, OD

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Infantile nystagmus is a common cause of visual impairment. It can occur in isolation, but it is often found in association with other conditions, such as albinism. The condition results in varying levels of vision impairments ranging from mild to severe. Characteristics include early onset, bilateral involvement, pendular and jerk waveforms, the presence of a null point, and the lack of optokinetic nystagmus and oscillopsia (environment moving. This article provides a review of pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of infantile nystagmus. A case study highlights low vision strategies and management for the condition. Case Report: A 12-year-old male with infantile nystagmus presented to the satellite low vision pediatric clinic for initial evaluation. He reported difficulty with different tasks at school secondary to his visual impairment. Low vision intervention utilized various devices and strategies to meet his distance and near goals. Discussion: With no known cure, low vision rehabilitation is important for individuals with nystagmus to allow them to reach their highest potential. Rehabilitation techniques can easily be applied by a primary care optometrist.

  8. Cultura, self e autonomia: bases para o protagonismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Fernandes Senna Pires

    Full Text Available Neste artigo são discutidas as bases do protagonismo (ou participação infantil na sociedade: cultura, construção do self e autonomia. São apresentados os principais fundamentos teóricos da abordagem sociocultural construtivista ao se discutir o self como sistema complexo e dinâmico, co-construído mediante a interação entre sujeito ativo e canalizações culturais. Diante das práticas culturais relacionadas à institucionalização da infância, analisam-se como crenças e valores podem contribuir para a participação infantil nos processos decisórios e para a superação das limitações atuais. Conclui-se que a abordagem co-construtivista, efetivamente, pode contribuir para a promoção do protagonismo infantil, visto que destaca as dimensões da cultura e do sujeito construtivo, aí implicadas.

  9. Solitary infantile myofibromatosis of the cranial vault: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merciadri, Paolo; Pavanello, Marco; Nozza, Paolo; Consales, Alessandro; Ravegnani, Giuseppe Marcello; Piatelli, Gianluca; Gandolfo, Carlo; Cama, Armando

    2011-04-01

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a mesenchymal disorder of early childhood characterized by the formation of tumors in the skin, muscle, viscera, bone, and subcutaneous tissue. Although relatively rare overall, it represents the most common fibrous tumor of infancy. The etiology of this disorder is unknown. Infantile myofibromatosis can present as a solitary or multicentric form. With the multicentric form, bone is often involved, but solitary bone lesions account for only 10% of the cases. Imaging findings are not pathognomonic, and the differential diagnosis usually includes eosinophilic granuloma (Langerhans cell histiocytosis), osteomyelitis, metastasis, osteoblastoma, epidermoid cyst, hemangioma, fibrous dysplasia, fibrosarcoma, and meningioma. A histological pattern is typical, but there are no histopathological differences between the solitary and multicentric forms. Solitary lesions generally have a favorable prognosis if totally removed, with a 10% recurrence rate; incompletely resected lesions recur. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who came to our attention with a solitary infantile myofibroma of the calvarium, appearing as a tight-elastic, lightly tender mass in the left frontal area, eroding both the inner and the outer tables. Histopathologically, the specimens showed a spindle-cell tumor with dense reticulin fiber network and expression of smooth muscle actin. Fifty-eight months MR follow-up after total removal showed no residual or relapse.

  10. A Histologically Diagnosed Case with Infantile Osteopetrosis Complicated by Hypopituitarism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulden Diniz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant infantile osteopetrosis is a rarely seen severe disorder which appears early in life with general sclerosis of the skeleton. It is caused by functionally defective osteoclasts which fail to resorb bone. Affected infants can exhibit a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations including impaired hematopoiesis, hepatosplenomegaly, visual impairment, and hypocalcemia. With the exception of secondary hyperparathyroidism, involvement of the endocrine system seems to be quite rare. Hypopituitarism is defined as underproduction of the growth hormone in combination with deficiencies of other pituitary hormones. Any lesion that damages hypothalamus, pituitary stalk, or anterior pituitary can cause secondary hypopituitarism. In this report, we presented a rare combination of malignant infantile osteopetrosis and secondary hypopituitarism in a newborn who presented predominantly with endocrinological symptoms. This is the first case report of malignant infantile osteopetrosis accompanied by hypopituitarism secondary to sclerosis of the sella turcica. On the other hand, this is a very interesting case which was diagnosed based on histological examination of bone marrow biopsy specimens despite lack of any clinical suspicion.

  11. [Childhood genetic renal diseases in southern Israel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, Daniel; Shalev, Hanna

    2010-03-01

    Genetic kidney diseases (GKDs) are an important and well-known entity in pediatric nephrology. Advances in genetic and molecular approaches in the last 15 years have enabled elucidation of the underlying molecular defects in many of these disorders. Herein, the authors summarize the progress that has been made over this period in disclosing the molecular basis of several novel GKDs which were characterized in this area and include Bartter syndrome type IV, type II Bartter syndrome and transient neonatal hyperkalemia, cystinuria and mental retardation, familial hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia, infantile nephronophthisis and familial hemolytic uremic syndrome with factor H deficiency. Retrospective analysis of the authors' data reveals that GKDs are over-represented among the pediatric population in southern Israel. GKD are seen 4 times more often than end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and comprise 38% of all cases of ESRD in our area. This high rate of GKD is mainly due to the high frequency of consanguineous marriages that prevails in this area. Understanding of the genetic and molecular background of these diseases is a result of a fruitful collaboration between the pediatric nephrologists and scientists, and has a direct implication on the diagnosis and treatment of the affected families.

  12. Etiology of convulsions in neonatal and infantile period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurokawa, T; Yokata, K; Takashima, S; Nambu, Y; Hanai, T

    1976-01-01

    1) Etiology of convulsions starting prior to two years of age was discussed in 418 cases. Neonatal seizures before 30 days old appeared in 86 cases (53 boys and 33 girls). Three hundred and thirty-two patients (172 boys and 160 girls) had convulsions in infancy. Twelve patients (9 boys and 3 girls) suffered from convulsions both in neonatal and infantile period. 2)Etiology of convulsions was prenatal in 67 cases (16%), natal in 49 cases (12%), postnatal in 158 cases (38%) and unknown in 144 cases (34%). Prenatal factors consisted of cerebral malformation (23 cases, 6%), associated physical minor anomaly such as cataracta or finger abomaly (11 cases, 3%), abnormal pernatal history (8 cases, 2%), congenital heart disease 3) cases, 1%), tuberose scleorsis (7 cases, 2%) and positive family history (13 cases, 3%). Postnatal causes included hypocalcemia or hypoglycemia (7 cases, 2%), brain tumors (3 cases, 1%), breath-holding spells (21 cases, 5%), febrile convulsion (44 cases, 11%), bathing (3 cases, 1%), afebrile colds (3 cases, 1%), purulent meningitis (17 cases, 4%), DPT immunization (10 cases 2%), vaccination (7 cases, 2%) and acute hemiplegia (10 cases, 2%). The group of unknown etiology were as fns (38 cases, 9%), epilepsy associated with interictal signs (23 cases, 6%), benign infantile convulsions (57 cases, 14%), neonatal convulsion of unknown etiology (12 cases, 3%) and miscellaneous categories (4%). 3) Pregnancy was abnormal in 53% of cases with cerebral malformation. Asphyxia at birth was noted in 43% of patients with tuberose sclerosis and in 35% of congenital cerebral abomaly. 4) Pneumoencephalographic examinations revealed midline anomaly in 50% of cerebral malformation. It was abnormal in all cases with tuberose sclerosis, head injury and epilepsy with interseizure neurological signs. 5) There were no correlations between the seizure pattern and the etiology in neonatal convulsion. In infancy, focal-unilateral convulsions and infantile spasms were

  13. [Hemorrhagic bilateral renal angiomyolipoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjelloun, Mohamed; Rabii, Redouane; Mezzour, Mohamed Hicham; Joual, Abdenbi; Bennani, Saâd; el Mrini, Mohamed

    2003-09-01

    Renal angiomyolipoma is a rare benign tumour, often associated with congenital diseases especially de Bourneville's tuberous sclerosis. Bilateral angiomyolipoma is exceptional. The authors report a case of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma in a 33-year-old patient presenting with haemorrhagic shock. In the light of this case and a review of the literature, the authors discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this disease.

  14. FARMACOFISIOLOGÍA RENAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musso CG

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Renal physiology plays a key role in the pharmacokinetics of many drugs. Knowledge of the particularities of each nephron function (filtration, secretion, reabsorption and excretion and each of renal tubular transport mechanisms (simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, facilitated transport, active transport, endocytosis and pinocytosis is fundamental to achieve better management of drug prescriptions.

  15. Primary renal hydatidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnsy Merla Joel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Echinococcosis or hydatidosis caused by the tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus, has the highest prevalence in endemic regions and sheep farming areas. The most common organ involved is the liver (50–75% followed by the lungs (15–20% and other organs (10–20%. Primary involvement of the kidney without the involvement of the liver and lungs, i.e., isolated renal hydatid disease is extremely rare even in endemic areas. The incidence of renal echinococcosis is 2–4%. Renal hydatid cysts usually remain asymptomatic for many years and are multiloculated. A 63-year-old male presented with left loin pain. Computed tomography scan abdomen revealed a presumptive diagnosis of renal hydatid disease. The nephrectomy specimen received in histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. We describe a rare case of primary renal hydatidosis.

  16. TORSIONAL DEFORMITIES OF LOWER LIMBS IN PATIENTS WITH INFANTILE CEREBRAL PALSY (LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Никита Олегович Хусаинов

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the literature devoted to the problem of torsional deformities of the lower limbs in patients with infantile cerebral palsy. It also describes biomechanical features peculiar to the patients with infantile cerebral palsy, as well as long-term results of performed surgical interventions.

  17. A five-week-old girl with inspiratory stridor due to infantile hemangiopericytoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jonas K; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Christensen, Mogens Fjord

    2006-01-01

    UNLABELLED: A 5-week-old girl with inspiratory stridor is presented. No immediate cause of the stridor was found, but eventually a diagnosis of infantile hemangiopericytoma located in the rhinopharynx was made. After surgery all respiratory symptoms disappeared. CONCLUSION: Infantile...

  18. Renal replacement therapy after cardiac surgery; renal function recovers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Kandler, Kristian; Agerlin Windeløv, Nis

    2013-01-01

    To assess renal outcome in patients discharged from hospital following cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) with need for renal replacement therapy.......To assess renal outcome in patients discharged from hospital following cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) with need for renal replacement therapy....

  19. Deficiência auditiva infantil: implicações e soluções Infantile hearing loss: implications and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cladi Inês Gatto

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: promover uma abordagem teórica dos aspectos relevantes a respeito da audição na infância e da detecção precoce da deficiência auditiva infantil. MÉTODOS: foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica sobre a importância da audição no desenvolvimento infantil, o histórico da detecção precoce da deficiência auditiva infantil e a metodologia usual nos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal. O período de análise foi a partir de 1980 e os descritores utilizados foram deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTADOS: a audição é o elemento fundamental para a aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Muitos são os indicadores de risco que podem afetar a audição nos períodos pré e peri natal. Sendo a detecção precoce um fator determinante para o prognóstico de reabilitação, é de extrema importância a sua efetivação. Existem diferentes metodologias para a detecção da deficiência auditiva, porém os programas de triagem auditiva neonatal que utilizam emissões otoacústicas vêm demonstrando grande aceitação pela sua eficácia e praticidade. CONCLUSÃO: existem graves implicações da deficiência auditiva para o desenvolvimento infantil. A implementação dos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal pode garantir a detecção precoce, o diagnóstico e a reabilitação a tempo de minimizar os efeitos da deficiência auditiva sobre o indivíduo.PURPOSE: to promote a theoretical approach of the relevant aspects regarding the hearing in childhood and the early detection of the infantile hearing loss. METHODS: bibliographical research on the importance of hearing in infantile development, the description of the early detection of the hearing loss and usual methodology in the programs of newborn hearing screening was carried through. The period of analysis went from 1980 and the key-words were deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTS: the hearing is the basic element for the

  20. Renal neuroendocrine tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian R Lane

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs are uncommon tumors that exhibit a wide range of neuroendocrine differentiation and biological behavior. Primary NETs of the kidney, including carcinoid tumor, small cell carcinoma (SCC, and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC are exceedingly rare. Materials and Methods: The clinicopathologic features of renal NETs diagnosed at a single institution were reviewed along with all reported cases in the worldwide literature. Results: Eighty renal NETs have been described, including nine from our institution. Differentiation between renal NETs and the more common renal neoplasms (renal cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma can be difficult since clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features overlap. Immunohistochemical staining for neuroendocrine markers, such as synaptophysin and chromogranin, can be particularly helpful in this regard. Renal carcinoids are typically slow-growing, may secrete hormones, and pursue a variable clinical course. In contrast, SCC and LCNEC often present with locally advanced or metastatic disease and carry a poor prognosis. Nephrectomy can be curative for clinically localized NETs, but multimodality treatment is indicated for advanced disease. Conclusions: A spectrum of NETs can rarely occur in the kidney. Renal carcinoids have a variable clinical course; SCC and LCNEC are associated with poor clinical outcomes. Diagnosis of NETs, especially LCNEC, requires awareness of their rare occurrence and prudent use of immunohistochemical neuroendocrine markers.

  1. Pregnancy and renal transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Başaran, O; Emiroğlu, R; Seçme, S; Moray, G; Haberal, M

    2004-01-01

    Ovarian dysfunction, anovulatory vaginal bleeding, amenorrhea, high prolactin levels, and loss of libido are the causes of infertility in women with chronic renal failure. After renal transplantation, endocrine function generally improves after recovery of renal function. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the prepregnancy and postdelivery renal function, outcome of gestation, as well as maternal and fetal complications for eight pregnancies in eight renal transplant recipients between November 1975 and March 2003 of 1095 among 1425. Eight planned pregnancies occurred at a mean of 3.6 years posttransplant. Spontaneous abortion occured in the first trimester in one case. One intrauterine growth retardation was observed with a full-term pregnancy; one intrauterine growth retardation and preterm delivery; one preeclampsia with preterm delivery and urinary tract infection; and one preeclampsia with preterm delivery and oligohydramnios. The mean gestation period was 35.5 +/- 3.0 weeks (31.2 to 38.0). Pregnancy had no negative impact on renal function during a 2-year follow-up. No significant proteinuria or acute rejection episodes were observed. Among the seven deliveries, no congenital anomaly was documented and no postpartum problems for the child and the mother were observed. Our study suggests that successful pregnancy is possible in renal transplant recipients. In cases with good graft function and absence of severe proteinuria or hypertension, pregnancy does not affect graft function or patient survival; however, fetal problems are encountered such as intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight, and preeclampsia.

  2. Renal autotransplantation: current perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, B H; Banowsky, L H; Hewitt, C B; Straffon, R A

    1976-01-01

    Autotransplantation, with or without an extracorporeal renal operation, has been done 39 times in 37 patients. Indications for the procedure included severe ureteral injury in 4 patients, failed supravesical diversion in 2, renal carcinoma in a solitary kidney in 1, renovascular hypertension in 1 and donor arterial reconstruction before renal transplantation in 29. Success was obtained in all but 2 procedures, both of which involved previously operated kidneys with severe inflammation and adhesions involving the renal pelvis and pedicle. Based on our experience and a review of currently available literature we believe that renal autotransplantation and extracorporeal reconstruction can provide the best solution for patients with severe renovascular and ureteral disease not correctable by conventional operative techniques. The technique can be of particular value in removing centrally located tumors in solitary kidneys and in preparing donor kidneys with abnormal arteries for renal transplantation. The role of autotransplantation in the management of advanced renal trauma and calculus disease is less clear. A long-term comparison of patients treated by extracorporeal nephrolithotomy versus conventional lithotomy techniques will be necessary before a conclusion is reached in these disease categories.

  3. Perioperative acute renal failure.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mahon, Padraig

    2012-02-03

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent biochemical evidence increasingly implicates inflammatory mechanisms as precipitants of acute renal failure. In this review, we detail some of these pathways together with potential new therapeutic targets. RECENT FINDINGS: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin appears to be a sensitive, specific and reliable biomarker of renal injury, which may be predictive of renal outcome in the perioperative setting. For estimation of glomerular filtration rate, cystatin C is superior to creatinine. No drug is definitively effective at preventing postoperative renal failure. Clinical trials of fenoldopam and atrial natriuretic peptide are, at best, equivocal. As with pharmacological preconditioning of the heart, volatile anaesthetic agents appear to offer a protective effect to the subsequently ischaemic kidney. SUMMARY: Although a greatly improved understanding of the pathophysiology of acute renal failure has offered even more therapeutic targets, the maintenance of intravascular euvolaemia and perfusion pressure is most effective at preventing new postoperative acute renal failure. In the future, strategies targeting renal regeneration after injury will use bone marrow-derived stem cells and growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-1.

  4. Midterm renal functions following acute renal infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakir Ongun

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore clinical features of renal infarction (RI that may have a role in diagnosis and treatment in our patient cohort and provide data on midterm renal functions. Medical records of patients with diagnosis of acute RI, established by contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT and at least 1 year follow-up data, who were hospitalized in our clinic between 1998 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed; including descriptive data, clinical signs and symptoms, etiologic factors, laboratory findings, and prescribed treatments. Patients with solitary infarct were treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA only, whereas patients with atrial fibrillation (AF or multiple or global infarct were treated with anticoagulants. Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR referring to renal functions was determined by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD formula. Twenty-seven renal units of 23 patients with acute RI were identified. The mean age was 59.7 ± 15.7 years. Fourteen patients (60.8% with RI had atrial fibrillation (AF as an etiologic factor of which four had concomitant mesenteric ischemia at diagnosis. At presentation, 20 patients (86.9% had elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, 18 patients (78.2% had leukocytosis, and 16 patients (69.5% had microscopic hematuria. Two patients with concomitant mesenteric ischemia and AF passed away during follow up. Mean eGFR was 70.8 ± 23.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 at admission and increased to 82.3 ± 23.4 mL/min/1.73 m2 at 1 year follow up. RI should be considered in patients with persistent flank or abdominal pain, particularly if they are at high risk of thromboembolism. Antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant drugs are both effective treatment options according to the amplitude of the infarct for preserving kidney functions.

  5. Midterm renal functions following acute renal infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ongun, Sakir; Bozkurt, Ozan; Demir, Omer; Cimen, Sertac; Aslan, Guven

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to explore clinical features of renal infarction (RI) that may have a role in diagnosis and treatment in our patient cohort and provide data on midterm renal functions. Medical records of patients with diagnosis of acute RI, established by contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) and at least 1 year follow-up data, who were hospitalized in our clinic between 1998 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed; including descriptive data, clinical signs and symptoms, etiologic factors, laboratory findings, and prescribed treatments. Patients with solitary infarct were treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) only, whereas patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or multiple or global infarct were treated with anticoagulants. Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) referring to renal functions was determined by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. Twenty-seven renal units of 23 patients with acute RI were identified. The mean age was 59.7 ± 15.7 years. Fourteen patients (60.8%) with RI had atrial fibrillation (AF) as an etiologic factor of which four had concomitant mesenteric ischemia at diagnosis. At presentation, 20 patients (86.9%) had elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), 18 patients (78.2%) had leukocytosis, and 16 patients (69.5%) had microscopic hematuria. Two patients with concomitant mesenteric ischemia and AF passed away during follow up. Mean eGFR was 70.8 ± 23.2 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at admission and increased to 82.3 ± 23.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at 1 year follow up. RI should be considered in patients with persistent flank or abdominal pain, particularly if they are at high risk of thromboembolism. Antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant drugs are both effective treatment options according to the amplitude of the infarct for preserving kidney functions.

  6. Adenitis tuberculosa infantil en Cuba (1995 a 2005 Infantile tuberculous adenitis in Cuba (1995-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Abreu Suárez

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de contribuir a perfeccionar la localización y el diagnóstico de la tuberculosis infantil en nuestro país, que se propone eliminarla como problema de salud, revisamos retrospectivamente los casos reportados de adenitis tuberculosa en niños menores de 15 años durante un período de 11 años (1995 a 2005, según datos epidemiol��gicos, clínicos y estudios complementarios realizados con fines diagnósticos. Encontramos 28 casos de adenitis (11,1 % del total, de los cuales se estudian los 26 que tenían completas las encuestas. Predominó ligeramente el sexo masculino y los niños ≥ 5 años. Solo se precisó la fuente de infección en 10 y en los 16 restantes, sin estudios microbiológicos, la prueba de Mantoux apoyó el diagnóstico en 6 y en el resto el criterio diagnóstico se estableció por la clínica y la presencia de granulomas en la biopsia. La prueba de Mantoux en general fue de ≥10 mm en el 54 % de los pacientes. La localización más frecuente fue la cervicofacial (76 %. Los síntomas generales fueron más frecuentes en los niños cuya enfermedad era de larga evolución. La radiología de tórax fue normal en todos los pacientes. Se detectaron errores en el tratamiento de 25 de los 26 pacientes. Se concluyó que es necesario garantizar el estudio de todos los niños en contacto con enfermos y administrar la quimioprofilaxis de forma supervisada y de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Programa de Control. Es igualmente importante elevar el índice de sospecha de tuberculosis en niños con linfadenopatías, estudiar microbiológicamente todos los ganglios biopsiados y determinar otras causas de linfadenitis granulomatosa.

  7. Lactulose and renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, B; Frey, F J

    1997-01-01

    The introduction of lactulose as a new therapeutic agent for treatment of hepatic encephalopathy was a major breakthrough in this field. It was hypothesized that lactulose might prevent postoperative renal impairment after biliary surgery in patients with obstructive jaundice. The presumable mechanism purported was the diminished endotoxinemia by lactulose. Unfortunately, such a reno-protective effect has not been shown conclusively until now in clinical studies. In chronic renal failure lactulose is known to promote fecal excretion of water, sodium, potassium, amonium, urea, creatinine and protons. Thus, lactulose could be useful for the treatment of chronic renal failure. However, compliance to the therapy represents a major problem.

  8. Renal tubule cell repair following acute renal injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humes, H D; Lake, E W; Liu, S

    1995-01-01

    Experimental data suggests the recovery of renal function after ischemic or nephrotoxic acute renal failure is due to a replicative repair process dependent upon predominantly paracrine release of growth factors. These growth factors promote renal proximal tubule cell proliferation and a differentiation phase dependent on the interaction between tubule cells and basement membrane. These insights identify the molecular basis of renal repair and ischemic and nephrotoxic acute renal failure, and may lead to potential therapeutic modalities that accelerate renal repair and lessen the morbidity and mortality associated with these renal disease processes. In this regard, there is a prominent vasoconstrictor response of the renal vasculature during the postischemic period of developing acute renal failure. The intravenous administration of pharmacologic doses of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in the postischemic period have proven efficacious by altering renal vascular resistance, so that renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate improve. ANF also appears to protect renal tubular epithelial integrity and holds significant promise as a therapeutic agent in acute renal failure. Of equal or greater promise are the therapeutic interventions targeting the proliferative reparative zone during the postischemic period. The exogenous administration of epidermal growth factor or insulin-like growth factor-1 in the postischemic period have effectively decreased the degree of renal insufficiency as measured by the peak serum creatinine and has hastened renal recovery as measured by the duration of time required to return the baseline serum creatinine values. A similarly efficacious role for hepatocyte growth factor has also been recently demonstrated.

  9. Thirty-five Infantile Purpura Nephritis Patients Treated with Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@  Thirty-five patients of infantile purpura nephritis (IPN) were treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine (TCM-WM) from January 1994 to December 1998, with good efficacy obtained, and following is the report. METHODS Clinical Data   All the 65 cases were inpatients, and conformed to the “Standards of the Diagnosis and Therapeutical Effect of Hematological Diseases” (edited by ZHANG Zhi-nan. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Technology Press, 1999∶235-239). They were randomly divided into two groups: Treated group: 35 cases, 23 males, 12 females; aged 4-13 years, 7 years on average; disease course 4-18 days, the mean 10 days; mild type 19 cases (asymptomatic hematuria, proteinuria), nephritis syndrome type 13 cases (hematuria, proteinuria, edema, hypertension), and nephrotic syndrome type 3 cases (typical manifestation of nephrosis complicated with renal insufficiency). Control group: 30 cases, 20 males, 10 females; aged 3-14 years, 6 years on average; disease course 3-16 days, the mean 9 days; mild type 16 cases, nephritis syndrome type 10 cases, nephrotic syndrome type 4 cases. The clinical manifestation, sex, age, hospitalisation time of these 2 groups showed insignificant difference. Method of Treatment   The control group: Adopting intravenous dripping of dexamethasone 0.3-0.5 mg*kg-1*d-1, consecutively for 5-7 days, which was then shifted to prednisone 1-1.5 mg*kg-1*d-1, altogether 2-3 weeks, with Vit C, persantin, chlorphenamine, calcium, etc., orally taken.   The treated (TCM-WM) group, on the basis of the above-mentioned WM treatment, had also TCM syndrome differentiation performed, and were classified into 3 types:

  10. Efeito protetor do aleitamento materno contra a obesidade infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balaban Geni

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar uma revisão da literatura sobre a hipótese de que o aleitamento materno teria um efeito protetor contra a obesidade infantil, a plausibilidade biológica dessa hipótese e os mecanismos potencialmente envolvidos. FONTES DOS DADOS: Informações coletadas a partir de artigos publicados em revistas científicas indexadas, livros e teses de pós-graduação. A maioria dos artigos foi identificada a partir das bases de dados MEDLINE e Scielo, usando as palavras-chave "aleitamento materno", "sobrepeso", "obesidade", "crianças" e "adolescentes". O período pesquisado foi de 1980 a 2002. Outros artigos foram identificados a partir das referências bibliográficas citadas nos primeiros artigos. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: A maioria dos estudos revisados relatou um efeito protetor do aleitamento materno contra a obesidade infantil; alguns estudos não encontraram associação entre aleitamento materno e obesidade; um estudo, com um pequeno tamanho amostral, relatou maior adiposidade entre as crianças que receberam aleitamento materno. Diferentes definições de exposição e desfecho dificultam a comparação entre os estudos. Imprinting metabólico foi sugerido como um mecanismo potencialmente envolvido para explicar a associação. Aspectos comportamentais também podem estar envolvidos. CONCLUSÃO: O aleitamento materno parece ter um efeito protetor contra a obesidade infantil, porém essa questão merece uma investigação mais aprofundada.

  11. Incidence and risk factors for infantile colic in Iranian infants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Elham Talachian; Ali Bidari; Mohammad Hossein Rezaie

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To assess the incidence of infantile colic and its association with variable predictors in infants born in a community maternity hospital, Tehran, Iran.METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, mothers who gave birth to live newborns between February 21 and March 20, 2003 at the hospital were invited to join to the study. For every infant-mother dyad data were collected on infant gender, type of delivery, gestational age at birth, birth weight, birth order, and mother'sreproductive history. Then mothers were given a diary to document the duration of crying/fussiness behav-iors of their infants for the next 12 wk. We scheduled home visits at the time the infants were 3 mo of age to collect the completed diaries and obtain additional information on infants' nutritional sources and identify if medications were used for colic relief. Cases of colic were identified by applying Wessel criteria to recordeddata. Chi-square and Mann-whitney U tests were usedto compare proportions for non-parametric and para-metric variables, respectively.RESULTS: From 413 infants, follow-up was completedfor 321 infants. In total, 65 infants (20.24%) satisfiedthe Wessel criteria for infantile colic. No statistical sig-nificance was found between colicky and non-colickyinfants according to gender, gestational age at birth,birth weight, type of delivery, and, infant's feedingpattern. However, firstborn infants had higher rate for developing colic (P = 0.03).CONCLUSION: Colic incidence was 20% in this popu-lation of Iranian infants. Except for birth order status,no other variable was significantly associated with in-fantile colic.

  12. Infantile fibrosarcoma: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in six cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canale, Sandra [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France)], E-mail: canalesandra@yahoo.com; Vanel, Daniel [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, 1/10 via di Barbiano, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Couanet, Dominique [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Patte, Catherine [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Caramella, Caroline; Dromain, Clarisse [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France)

    2009-10-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively review magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features in a series of six infantile fibrosarcomas to find out if MR can suggest this unusual diagnosis and to highlight the value of MR during and following treatment. Materials and methods: The records of six cases of histologically proven infantile fibrosarcoma were retrieved from the files of our cancer center. All imaging data available were consensually reviewed by two radiologists. Results: There were five females and one male (age range at diagnosis, 0-12 months; mean, 6 months). The most common finding was a well-circumscribed single mass in five patients (83%). All tumors had arisen on limbs; at their proximal or distal extremity or at the root of the limb. The masses were 9 cm large in mean diameter. The initial tumor signal was isointense to muscle on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. All masses were well circumscribed and half of them contained internal fibrous septa. The internal signal was homogeneous in three patients and heterogeneous in the three others. An intense enhancement was seen in all three contrast-enhanced exams available; heterogeneous in two cases and homogeneous in one. Osseous erosion was observed in only one patient who was the only one with distant metastasis. After treatment (chemotherapy and very limited surgery), tumors had totally disappeared, leaving muscle fat infiltration in two patients and subcutaneous fat hypertrophy in one patient. Conclusion: Although imaging findings are not specific of infantile fibrosarcoma, this diagnosis could be suggested when MR imaging depicts a large well-circumscribed mass arising in a limb at birth or during the neonatal period. This mass is sometimes heterogeneous and septate and exhibits an isointense T1- and hyperintense T2-weighted signals and strong enhancement. MR is also the technique of choice for follow-up during treatment which consists nowadays almost exclusively in chemotherapy.

  13. Renal scintigraphy in veterinary medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Reid; Daniel, Gregory B

    2014-01-01

    Renal scintigraphy is performed commonly in dogs and cats and has been used in a variety of other species. In a 2012 survey of the members of the Society of Veterinary Nuclear Medicine, 95% of the respondents indicated they perform renal scintigraphy in their practice. Renal scintigraphy is primarily used to assess renal function and to evaluate postrenal obstruction. This article reviews how renal scintigraphy is used in veterinary medicine and describes the methods of analysis. Species variation is also discussed.

  14. Infantile refsum disease: gastrointestinal presentation of a peroxisomal disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandel, H; Meiron, D; Schutgens, R B; Wanders, R J; Berant, M

    1992-01-01

    This article describes two siblings with infantile Refsum disease (IRD) whose initial presentation was that of malabsorption and mimicked a-beta- or homozygous hypo-beta-lipoproteinemia. Failure to recognize IRD in the first-born child precluded proper genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in subsequent pregnancies and also caused considerable delay in diagnosing IRD in the second child. The clinical heterogeneity of peroxisomal disorders constitutes a diagnostic challenge, which demands a high degree of awareness from the part of the clinician. This is particularly the case with IRD, where protracted diarrhea with low serum cholesterol levels appears to be a frequently occurring initial feature during the 1st months of life.

  15. El juego musical como proceso vital en el aprendizaje infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Redondo Estévez, Elena

    2014-01-01

    La música como forma de expresión es esencial para el desarrollo de la persona. En los últimos tiempos, debido a esta importancia, la música está cada vez más presente en el ámbito escolar. La relevancia de la educación musical en la etapa infantil aporta una serie de beneficios como el desarrollo de la inteligencia, de distintas habilidades como la paciencia, la coordinación, la sensibilidad, la autodisciplina, la colaboración y capacidades como la memoria y la concentración.

  16. Maltrato infantil : actitudes y conocimientos de los educadores

    OpenAIRE

    Catarino, Helena

    2009-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento apresentada à Universidad de Extremadura, Departamento de Psicología y Antropología em 2009. Objectivos: Com o presente trabalho pretende-se conhecer as atitudes e o nível de conhecimentos dos educadores de infância e professores do ensino básico e secundário em relação ao mau trato infantil; determinar a prevalência de sinalização de maus tratos identificados nos seus estudantes; conhecer a sua actuação relativamente às situações de maus tratos identificad...

  17. Prevención de la obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Terrazas, José Antonio

    2016-01-01

    La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica caracterizada por un exceso de peso debido a un aumento de la masa grasa, considerándose infantil cuando afecta al grupo de población de 0 a 17 años. Actualmente, es la enfermedad crónica más frecuente en todo el mundo y su prevalencia ha aumentado de forma exponencial en los últimos años, especialmente en niños y adolescentes. Su principal causa es un balance energético positivo, en la que intervienen factores biológicos, psicológicos, conductuales y amb...

  18. Unusual imaging presentation of infantile atypical Kawasaki disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Nishith; Mittal, Mahesh Kumar; Sinha, Mukul; Gupta, Arpita; Thukral, Brij Bhushan

    2016-01-01

    Kawasaki disease is a systemic medium vessel vasculitis of unknown etiology affecting children under 5 years of age. There are no specific diagnostic tests, and thus, the diagnosis of the disease is primarily made on the basis of clinical criteria. Unusual presentations of Kawasaki disease have been variably reported from different parts of the world. However, presentation of the disease in the form of peripheral thromboembolism and florid non-coronary aneurysms has rarely been described This report describes the imaging findings in infantile atypical Kawasaki disease with aneurysms of multiple medium-sized arteries, including coronary arteries, emphasizing the detection of clinically silent aneurysms in the disease.

  19. Unusual imaging presentation of infantile atypical Kawasaki disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nishith Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawasaki disease is a systemic medium vessel vasculitis of unknown etiology affecting children under 5 years of age. There are no specific diagnostic tests, and thus, the diagnosis of the disease is primarily made on the basis of clinical criteria. Unusual presentations of Kawasaki disease have been variably reported from different parts of the world. However, presentation of the disease in the form of peripheral thromboembolism and florid non-coronary aneurysms has rarely been described This report describes the imaging findings in infantile atypical Kawasaki disease with aneurysms of multiple medium-sized arteries, including coronary arteries, emphasizing the detection of clinically silent aneurysms in the disease.

  20. Plan de negocio de una escuela infantil (primer ciclo)

    OpenAIRE

    San Román Gómez, Ana de

    2014-01-01

    El presente documento establece los pasos a seguir para poner en marcha una escuela infantil en el barrio de Butarque, en Madrid. En un primer lugar se han realizado diversos estudios, tanto sobre el sector como sobre el área geográfica, ya que se partía de una situación de absoluto desconocimiento. En el análisis del sector se ha puesto de manifiesto que las competencias en educación en España están reguladas por el Ministerio en primera instancia, pero las Autonomías tienen también una g...

  1. La red sobre trabajo infantil peligroso (Red Tip)

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Varillas

    2003-01-01

    En el mundo, aproximadamente 351.7 millones de niños entre 5 y 17 años realizaban algún tipo de actividad económica, de ellos 170.5 millones (48.5%) realizaban algún tipo de trabajo considerado peligroso. Un alto porcentaje se encuentra en la agricultura, otros en minas, manufacturas, ladrilleras, predominantemente en la economía informal. El Convenio 138 (cobre la edad mínima de admisión en el empleo) de la OIT y el Convenio 182 (sobre las peores formas de trabajo infantil), definen como tra...

  2. ¡Pañales para la literatura infantil!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Londoño

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available La literatura infantil es un invento reciente: Apareció el siglo pasado en Europa occidental, ligada a la idea de que en educación es más fructífero tratar con niños que con adultos. Se empezó a escribir por separado para los niños, se publicaron libros para transmitirles a los futuros adultos modelos de comportamiento y experiencias colectivas y, en algunos casos, simplemente para proveerlos de un pasatiempo.

  3. TREATMENT OF 284 CASES OF INFANTILE APHASIS CHIEFLY WITH "SHESANZHEN"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Qin; YI Wei; JIN Rui

    2002-01-01

    In the present paper, the therapeutic effect of acupuncture of "Shesanzhen" (three acupoints of the tongue)combind with acupoint-injection and oral administration of Chinese patent drug["Zhen Ren Yizhi Bao"(真人益智宝)]in the treatment of 284 cases of infantile aphasis was opserved.After one course of treatment(4 months),93 cases (32.75%) were cured, 76 (26.76%) experienced marked improvement, 102 (35.92%) had improvement,with an effective rate of 95.43 %.

  4. Neonatal and infantile erythroderma: ′The red baby′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkar Rashmi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Neonatal and infantile erythroderma or "the red baby" is a rare condition. It can be potentially life-threatening and requires urgent attention of the dermatologists. The causes of erythroderma in this age group are different from that in adults and distinctive, but maybe difficult to establish due to poor specificity of clinical and laboratory findings. Careful monitoring and management of the patient may improve the final outcome. In this review, the various causes of "the red baby" is discussed along with its prognosis and management.

  5. Review of topical beta blockers as treatment for infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Painter, Sally L; Hildebrand, Göran Darius

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of infantile hemangiomas changed from the use of oral corticosteroids to oral propranolol on the serendipitous discovery of propanolol's clinical effectiveness in 2008. Since then, clinicians have begun to use topical beta blockers--in particular, timolol maleate 0.5% gel forming solution--with good effect. Topical beta blockers are now used for lesions with both deep and superficial components and those that are amblyogenic. When initiated in the proliferative phase of the lesion, the effectiveness of the treatment can be seen within days. There is no consensus on dosing, treatment bioavailability, or clinical assessment of lesions, but these are topics for future research.

  6. Infantile hydrocephalus: a review of epidemiology, classification and causes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tully, Hannah M; Dobyns, William B

    2014-08-01

    Hydrocephalus is a common but complex condition caused by physical or functional obstruction of CSF flow that leads to progressive ventricular dilatation. Though hydrocephalus was recently estimated to affect 1.1 in 1000 infants, there have been few systematic assessments of the causes of hydrocephalus in this age group, which makes it a challenging condition to approach as a scientist or as a clinician. Here, we review contemporary literature on the epidemiology, classification and pathogenesis of infantile hydrocephalus. We describe the major environmental and genetic causes of hydrocephalus, with the goal of providing a framework to assess infants with hydrocephalus and guide future research.

  7. Desarrollo Infantil Temprano: lecciones de los programas no formales

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Eming Young; Gaby Fujimoto-Gómez

    2003-01-01

    El artículo empieza mencionando al aporte de las ciencias al conocimiento del desarrollo humano. Se sintetiza el trabajo de Shonkoff/Phillips sobre el tema, resaltándose la importancia de la experiencia temprana y su interacción con la biología para el desarrollo del cerebro. Posteriormente se incursiona en el Desarrollo Infantil Temprano y su significación en los resultados posteriores del niño, destacando algunos factores que inciden en el desarrollo cerebral. Este tema se enlaza con el tra...

  8. Propranolol revolutionerer behandlingen af infantile subglottiske hæmangiomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Henrik; Kjeldsen, Anette Drøhse; Schomerus, Eckhard;

    2014-01-01

    Subglottic haemangioma (SGH) is the rare condition of an infantile haemangioma in the subglottic space. The diagnostics is complicated due to the clinical symptoms mimicking pseudocroup, and difficulties in visualization of the subglottic space. A two-month-old girl with a cycle of repeated hospi...... hospitalizations due to recurrent and progressive croupal cough and stridor was diagnosed with SGH by laryngoscopy and initiated propranolol treatment with effect after 48 hours. SGH is rare but should be kept in mind in infants with recurrent croupal cough and stridor....

  9. El discurso peritextual en el libro ilustrado infantil y juvenil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Consejo Pano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es fruto de una reflexión sobre la evolución del libro ilustrado infantil y juvenil como objeto en sí mismo, un objeto que traspasa límites y se reinventa día tras día. Nos centramos en cómo autores y editores trasgreden estándares y quiebran normas editoriales y de encuadernación consideradas inamovibles por la tradición, transformando los peritextos (Genette, 2001 en piezas clave en el juego de la reconstrucción de sentidos.

  10. Prevención de la obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Terrazas, José Antonio

    2016-01-01

    La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica caracterizada por un exceso de peso debido a un aumento de la masa grasa, considerándose infantil cuando afecta al grupo de población de 0 a 17 años. Actualmente, es la enfermedad crónica más frecuente en todo el mundo y su prevalencia ha aumentado de forma exponencial en los últimos años, especialmente en niños y adolescentes. Su principal causa es un balance energético positivo, en la que intervienen factores biológicos, psicológicos, conductuales y amb...

  11. A influência da diabetes gestacional na obesidade infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Nogueira, Catarina Alexandra Pinto

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A diabetes gestacional define-se como uma intolerância aos hidratos de carbono, de grau variável, que é diagnosticada ou reconhecida pela primeira vez durante a gravidez (1). Em Portugal verifica-se um aumento da sua prevalência e consequentemente a preocupação face às complicações maternas e morbilidade/mortalidade fetais associadas. Objetivo: Este trabalho pretende estudar a influência da diabetes gestacional na obesidade infantil, em crianças nascidas de mães com diabetes ge...

  12. Symmetrical infantile thalamic degeneration with focal cytoplasmic calcification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambler, M; O'Neil, W

    1975-10-27

    Infantile thalamic degeneration is a rare clinico-pathological entity. Restricted location of the lesion and peculiar cytopathological changes serve to distinguish this disorder from other common encephalopathies. Optical and ultrastructural studies demonstrate cytoplasmic calcopherules in previously viable cells. According to current concepts of acute cellular reactions to injury and mechanism of intracellular calcification, the cytological changes cannot be attributed to either hypoxic ischemic cell change or dystrophic calcification. By analogy to other human and pathological material, the most likely basis for nondystrophic calcopherule formation is toxic or infectious injury with local synthesis, or autophagic or phagolysosomal degradation of cellular debris of specific chemical composition favoring calcium deposition.

  13. Migración interna infantil en México

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Pimienta Lastra

    2002-01-01

    La migración interna infantil es uno de los fenómenos demográficos menos estudiado del país, prácticamente no existe investigación al respecto en los niveles estatal y nacional, si acaso algunos estudios de tipo local. En este trabajo, utilizando los datos de la Encuesta Nacional de la Dinámica Demográfica 1997, realizada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, se hacen estimaciones de la estructura por edad de esta población y se establece el intercambio por entida...

  14. La ansiedad infantil en los Puntos de Encuentro Familiar

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    La ansiedad infantil es una reacción defensiva e instantánea ante el peligro que, produciéndose de forma moderada es deseable pero si se presenta de manera excesiva es incapacitante para la vida diaria del niño. Los factores causales son diversos, pero incluido en los factores psicológicos ambientales se puede encontrar el divorcio o separación de los padres, más en concreto si este se produce de manera conflictiva. Muchos de estos casos son usuarios de los Puntos de Encuentro ...

  15. El diagnóstico positivo de autismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Velázquez Argota

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisan los límites del síndrome autístico y la evolución del concepto de autismo infantil desde Kanner hasta las clasificaciones psiquiátricas más recientes. Se informan los resultados de nuestras investigaciones en el diagnóstico positivo del autismo infantil. La anamnesis remota es de poco valor, más relevantes para el diagnóstico constituyen el examen del paciente en el presente y las escalas de cuantificación del autismo (las cuales son de utilidad en el diagnóstico diferencial entre el trastorno autístico tipo Kanner y los trastornos autísticos atípicos. Las pruebas de inteligencia standard se deben aplicar según el nivel de funcionamiento del paciente y si no clasificara es más bien por el bajo cociente de inteligencia que por su comportamiento autístico. El clínico debería tener presente la posibilidad del diagnóstico de autismo cuando examina niños pequeños con problemas de desarrollo y utilizar escalas de síntomas autísticos adecuados a los primeros años de vida. Se recomienda el uso de la prueba de Bo Olsson en el diagnóstico diferencial de autismo de Kanner, síndrome de Rett y daño cerebral temprano en la etapa preescolar.The limits of the austistic syndrome as well as the evolution of the infantile autism concept since Kanner to the latest psychiatric classifications are reviewed. The results of our research on the positive diagnosis of infantile autism are reported. The patient's medical examination and the autism quantification scales (useful for the diferential diagnosis between the Kanner type autistic disorder and the atypical autistic disorders are more important for the diagnosis than the remote anamnesis, which is of little value. The standard intelligence test should be applied according to the patients functioning level and if he would not classify it would be because of his low intelligence quotient and not because of his autistic behaviour. The clinician should take into account the

  16. A rare case of infantile myofibromatosis and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausbrandt, Peter A; Leithner, Andreas; Beham, Alfred; Bodo, Koppany; Raith, Johannes; Windhager, Reinhard

    2010-01-01

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare benign tumor-disease (1/400,000). Four different types have been reported in literature. The most commonly affected body areas are the head, the neck, and the trunk. We would like to present a rare case of a multicentric type with singular visceral involvement and a literature review of all case series with more than five patients. A 9-month-old boy presented with a swelling on the medial side of his proximal left tibia. The lesion which was present since birth, was well palpable, indolent, hard, and mobile in relation to the surrounding tissue. Radiographic films and ultrasound examination presented a pretibial soft-tissue tumor mass with calcifications and two osteolytic lesions with a sclerotic rim. A skeletal survey showed more osteolytic lesions, but the magnetic resonance imaging showed no more soft-tissue lesions. The rapid frozen section biopsy hinted at the diagnosis of histiocytosis X. The definitive histological result 6 days later was infantile myofibromatosis. As therapy, we determined a wait-and-see policy with controls all 3 months. At 20 months follow-up, the boy showed beginning of regression of all lesions. Infantile myofibromatosis is a very rare benign tumor-disease. Radiologically often soft-tissue masses with calcifications and osteolytic lesions with sclerotic rims are described. These findings also can be interpreted as histiocytosis X, which is a potential differential diagnosis. Histopathologically, cells characteristically appear as spindle-shaped fibroblast cells with pale pink cytoplasm and elongated nuclei and the immunophenotype is defined with a positive reaction on smooth-muscle antigen vimentin and the muscle-specific antigen HHF-35. The data of the literature review underline that a wait-and-see-policy should be considered as the first treatment of choice as in most instances the bony lesions regress spontaneously. However, a thorough examination has to be carried out to exclude lesion in other

  17. Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend-Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2016-01-01

    Background: To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.Objective:The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age......-and sex-matched controls from the general population.Method: All participants werescreened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average amount of time that the participants were observed was 30.3 years (range, 27.3 to 30.4 years), and the mean patient age at the end....... The difference is statistically significant (P

  18. Maltrato infantil: normatividad y psicología forense

    OpenAIRE

    Gerardo A. Hernández M.; Ángela C. Tapias S.

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo documental, de carácter pedagógico, está dirigido a profesionales que trabajen con casos de maltrato infantil. Introduce al lector sobre la normatividad y las instituciones que se encargan de la protección y atención al menor maltratado, además de los instrumentos de evaluación psicológica forense utilizados. Se presenta el aporte de la psicología jurídica para probar el daño psicológico. Finalmente, se propone como plan de acción recurrir a mecanismos alternativos, menos ...

  19. Los refuerzos positivos en el aula de infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Álvarez, Elena

    2013-01-01

    Este estudio ha sido realizado con el fin de analizar si el refuerzo positivo es un medio adecuado, o no para producir un mejor ambiente de trabajo en el aula de infantil, y si puede producir mejores resultados académicos, es decir, si puede mejorar el proceso de enseñanza – aprendizaje. Para poder contestar a esta cuestión vamos a analizar determinadas teorías e hipótesis relacionadas con este tema. Además vamos a poner en práctica una serie de actividades prácticas relacionadas con este ...

  20. Diseño de un mueble infantil multifuncional

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Guijarro, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    Treball Final de Grau en Enginyeria en Disseny Industrial i Desenvolupament de Productes. Codi: DI1048. Curs: 2014/2015 Este proyecto tiene por objeto el diseño de un mueble infantil multifuncional que deberá cumplir distintas funciones mediante cambios de posición y/o reconfiguraciones del mismo. El objetivo es crear un diseño de mueble pensado para satisfacer distintas necesidades del niño durante su crecimiento, con un diseño cómodo y práctico, pensado para que sea el...

  1. Concepciones implícitas sobre el desarrollo infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Vilar Martínez, C.; Blasco Cubedo, María Jesús; Hernández Blasi, Carlos

    2001-01-01

    Setenes Jornades de Foment de la Investigació de la FCHS (Any 2001-2002) Partiendo del trabajo de Martí, E. et al. (1994) “ Ideas previas de una población universitaria sobre el desarrollo infantil” hemos realizado un estudio descriptivo para identificar las concepciones implícitas del conocimiento que tienen estudiantes universitarios sobre el desarrollo infantil. La muestra estaba constituida por 111 estudiantes de la Universitat Jaume I, con una media de edad de 19 años. Median...

  2. [Clinical guidelines for infantile-onset Pompe disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Pascual, S I; Nascimento, A; Fernandez-Llamazares, C M; Medrano-Lopez, C; Villalobos-Pinto, E; Martinez-Moreno, M; Ley, M; Manrique-Rodriguez, S; Blasco-Alonso, J

    2016-09-16

    Infantile-onset Pompe disease has a fatal prognosis in the short term unless it is diagnosed at an early stage and enzyme replacement therapy is not started as soon as possible. A group of specialists from different disciplines involved in this disease have reviewed the current scientific evidence and have drawn up an agreed series of recommendations on the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients. We recommend establishing enzyme treatment in any patient with symptomatic Pompe disease with onset within the first year of life, with a clinical and enzymatic diagnosis, and once the CRIM (cross-reactive immunological material) status is known.

  3. Congenital infantile myofibroma causing intrauterine death in a twin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aye, Christina Yi Ling; Gould, Steve; Akinsola, S Adeyemi

    2011-12-01

    While infantile myofibromatosis is the most common mesenchymal tumour of infancy, only around 300 cases have been reported. The authors report a 33-year-old para 1 with an uncomplicated, dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy who was diagnosed with an intrauterine death of one twin at 36+5 weeks gestation. At caesarean section, a macerated male stillborn weighing 2.72 kg was delivered. Postmortem examination revealed a pedunculated lesion attached to the left shoulder and underlying muscle consistent with a congenital myofibroma. The cause of death was postulated to be haemorrhage from the tumour surface causing fetal anaemia.

  4. Maltrato infantil y la consulta odontológica

    OpenAIRE

    Sarli, Rosana

    2013-01-01

    Los profesionales de la salud debemos estar preparados para descubrir situaciones de maltrato infantil en la consulta odontológica, como escenas de violencia, características de abandono o falta de cuidados de un niño. Su detección es un proceso complejo y delicado, para ello debemos estar orientados en el qué hacer y en el cómo hacer, cuando vemos en la práctica profesional este tipo de situaciones. Cuanto antes se reconozcan, mejores serán los resultados de la intervención profesional. ...

  5. Estilos de apego padres-hijo y obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Corina Alba-Alba; Yolanda Flores-Peña; Velia Margarita Cárdenas-Villarreal

    2014-01-01

    El apego es una conducta de búsqueda de cercanía con el otro significativo para obtener seguridad, confianza y afecto la cual se lleva a cabo a través de distintas estrategias que determinan un estilo de apego. El estilo de apego puede clasificarse en dos grandes categorías: seguro e inseguro. La incidencia de obesidad infantil continúa en aumento en México, siendo uno de los países más afectados por lo que es prioritario explorar nuevos aportes de conocimiento respecto al tema. El presente a...

  6. Etiología de la hipoacusia infantil.

    OpenAIRE

    José Ignacio BENITO-OREJAS; Beatriz RAMÍREZ-CANO; Marleny CASASOLA-GIRÓN; Ana SÁNCHEZ-MARTÍNEZ; Viviana Andrea CIFUENTES-NAVAS; Morais-Pérez, Darío

    2016-01-01

    Introducción y objetivo: La hipoacusia neonatal es una de las discapacidades más frecuentes, con importantes consecuencias para el niño y su familia durante toda la vida. El desarrollo del cribado auditivo universal y el avance de la medicina molecular, de la genética y de la neurociencia han perfeccionado el diagnóstico precoz de la hipoacusia infantil y consecuentemente su intervención. Con este trabajo queremos mostrar los aspectos audiológicos y las causas de las hipoacusias permanentes d...

  7. Botulismo Infantil em Portugal – um lactente com hipotonia

    OpenAIRE

    Malveiro, D; C. Henriques; Flores, P.; Barata, D; Vieira, JP; Cabral, P.

    2013-01-01

    O Botulismo Infantil (BI) constitui uma síndrome neuroparalítica rara, potencialmente fatal, causada pela neurotoxina do Clostridium botulinum. Descreve-se o primeiro caso reportado desde o início da notificação obrigatória em Portugal (1999). Lactente de dois meses, internado por prostração, dificuldade alimentar e obstipação. Constatou-se envolvimento inicial dos pares cranianos associado a fraqueza muscular progressiva, descendente e simétrica. Constituíam factores de risco o consumo...

  8. Rimas para juegos infantiles en el antiguo cancionero popular

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Al estudiar los rasgos formales y estilísticos de las "canciones escenificadas" que se conservan en las fuentes del Siglo de Oro, comprobamos que algunas de estas rimas que acompañaban los juegos infantiles parecen tener las mismas características. Además, estas canciones presentan, formal y estructuralmente, ciertos rasgos que las diferencian de otras composiciones de la antigua lírica popular de la Península Ibérica. En general, estas canciones escenificadas son más extensas y presentan una...

  9. Atrofia muscular espinhal infantil progressiva relato de 12 casos

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Helena Fontana; Pörtner,Martin R.; Paulo A. K. Salim; Bobek,Paulo R.; Paulo R. da Roza

    1990-01-01

    Os autores relatam 12 casos de atrofia muscular espinhal infantil progressiva, diagnosticados no Hospital da Criança Santo Antonio, Porto Alegre. O diagnóstico foi realizado por exame clínico neurológico, dosagem de enzimas musculares séricas, eletroneuromiografia e biópsia muscular. Sâo analisados os aspectos clínicos de apresentação da doença, sua evolução e a investigação laboratorial, confrontando os resultados com os conceitos da literatura.

  10. La salud emocional en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    García Gómez, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta una propuesta para trabajar las emociones en educación infantil, persiguiendo de esta forma lograr una correcta salud emocional que ayude a los niños y niñas a prevenir futuros problemas derivados de las emociones. En la propuesta que se plantea se introducen técnicas diferentes con las que se otorga a los alumnos y alumnas unas capacidades emocionales para que posean un control sobre sus emociones y sepan establecer unos límites a sus sentimientos.

  11. Lenguaje infantil y educación verbal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Pérez, Milagros

    2013-01-01

    Comunicación presentada en: "V Congreso Mundial de Educación Infantil y Formación de Educadores. Antequera, 31 de octubre, 1 y 2 de noviembre de 2013, en Antequera" El trabajo subraya la importancia de contemplar el desarrollo lingüístico en sus procesos y etapas, y la necesidad de acomodar la educación verbal a las etapas evolutivas Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (HUM 2007-66074-CO2-01/FILO) Xunta de Galicia. Consellería de Economía e Industria. Dirección xeral de Investigación, De...

  12. Primary renal synovial sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girish D. Bakhshi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary Renal Sarcoma is rare tumor comprising only 1% of all renal tumours. Synovial sarcomas are generally deep-seated tumors arising in the proximity of large joints of adolescents and young adults and account for 5-10% of all soft tissue tumours. Primary synovial sarcoma of kidney is rare and has poor prognosis. It can only be diagnosed by immunohistochemistry. It should be considered as a differential in sarcomatoid and spindle cell tumours. We present a case of 33-year-old female, who underwent left sided radical nephrectomy for renal tumour. Histopathology and genetic analysis diagnosed it to be primary renal synovial sarcoma. Patient underwent radiation therapy and 2 years follow up is uneventful. A brief case report with review of literature is presented.

  13. Renal protection in diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parving, H H; Tarnow, L; Rossing, P

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The combination of diabetes and hypertension increases the chances of progressive renal disorder and, ultimately, renal failure. Roughly 40% of all diabetics, whether insulin-dependent or not, develop diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy is the single most important cause of end......-stage renal disease in the Western world and accounts for more than a quarter of all end-stage renal diseases. Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of increased morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Increased arterial blood pressure is an early and common phenomenon in incipient and overt diabetic...... nephropathy. The relationship between arterial blood pressure and diabetic nephropathy is a complex one, with diabetic nephropathy increasing blood pressure and blood pressure accelerating the course of nephropathy. OVERVIEW: Calcium antagonists antagonize preglomerular vasoconstriction. Additional putative...

  14. Renal primitive neuroectodermal tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholow, Tanner; Parwani, Anil

    2012-06-01

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumors exist as a part of the Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor family. These tumors most commonly arise in the chest wall and paraspinal regions; cases with a renal origin are rare entities, but have become increasingly reported in recent years. Although such cases occur across a wide age distribution, the average age for a patient with a renal primitive neuroectodermal tumor is the mid- to late 20s, with both males and females susceptible. Histologically, these tumors are characterized by pseudorosettes. Immunohistochemically, CD99 is an important diagnostic marker. Clinically, these are aggressive tumors, with an average 5-year disease-free survival rate of only 45% to 55%. Given that renal primitive neuroectodermal tumor bears many similarities to other renal tumors, it is important to review the histologic features, immunostaining profile, and genetic abnormalities that can be used for its correct diagnosis.

  15. Renal vein thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Saunders; 2012:chap 34. Read More Acute kidney failure Arteriogram Blood clots Dehydration Nephrotic syndrome Pulmonary embolus Renal Tumor Review Date 5/19/2015 Updated by: Charles Silberberg, ...

  16. Eligibility for renal denervation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persu, Alexandre; Jin, Yu; Baelen, Marie;

    2014-01-01

    -resistant hypertension (ENCOReD). The analysis included 731 patients. Age averaged 61.6 years, office blood pressure at screening was 177/96 mm Hg, and the number of blood pressure-lowering drugs taken was 4.1. Specialists referred 75.6% of patients. The proportion of patients eligible for renal denervation according......Based on the SYMPLICITY studies and CE (Conformité Européenne) certification, renal denervation is currently applied as a novel treatment of resistant hypertension in Europe. However, information on the proportion of patients with resistant hypertension qualifying for renal denervation after...... undetected secondary causes of hypertension (11.1%). In conclusion, after careful screening and treatment adjustment at hypertension expert centers, only ≈40% of patients referred for renal denervation, mostly by specialists, were eligible for the procedure. The most frequent cause of ineligibility...

  17. Complete renal recovery from severe acute renal failure after thrombolysis of bilateral renal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadoss, Suresh; Jones, Robert G; Foggensteiner, Lukas; Willis, Andrew P; Duddy, Martin J

    2012-10-01

    A previously healthy young man presented with acute renal failure due to extensive spontaneous deep vein thrombosis, including the inferior vena cava (IVC) and both renal veins. The patient was treated with selectively delivered thrombolytic therapy over a 7-day-period, which resulted in renal vein patency and complete recovery of renal function. A stent was placed over a segment stenosis of the IVC. No thrombophilic factors were identified. Bilateral renal vein thrombosis in young fit individuals is an unusual cause of acute renal failure. Thrombolytic therapy, even with delay, can completely restore renal function.

  18. OBSTETRIC RENAL FAILURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeshwari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Renal failure in obstetrics is rare but important complication, associated with significant mortality and long term morbidity.1,2 It includes acute renal failure due to obstetrical complications or due to deterioration of existing renal disease. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the etiology and outcome of renal failure in obstetric patients. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 30 pregnant and puerperal women with acute renal failure or pre-existing renal disease developing renal failure during pregnancy between November 2007 to sep-2009. Patients who presented/developed ARF during the hospital stay were included in this study. RESULTS: Among 30 patients, mean age was 23 years and 33 years age group. 12 cases (40% patients were primigravidae and 9(30% patients were multigravidae and 9 cases (30% presented in post-partum period. Eighteen cases (60% with ARF were seen in third trimester, followed by in postpartum period 9 cases (30%. Most common contributing factors to ARF were Pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome 60%, sepsis 56.6%, post abortal ARF 10%. DIC 40%. Haemorrhage as the aetiology for ARF was present 46%, APH in 20% and PPH in 26.6%. The type of ARF was renal in (63% and prerenal (36%; Oliguric seen in 10 patients (33% and high mortality (30%. Among the 20 pregnant patients with ARF, The average period of gestation was 33±2 weeks (30 -36 weeks, 5 cases (25% presented with intrauterine fetal demise and 18 cases (66% had preterm vaginal delivery and 2 cases (10% had induced abortion. And the average birth weight was 2±0.5 kg (1.5 kg. Eight cases (26% required dialysis. 80% of patients recovered completely of renal functions. 63% patients recovered without renal replacement therapy whereas 17% required dialysis. the maternal mortality was 20%, the main reason for mortality was septic shock and multi organ dysfunction (66%. CONCLUSION: ARF related pregnancy was seen commonly in the primigravidae and in the third trimester, the most

  19. Renal papillary necrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen A. Geller

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1877, Dr. Nikolaus Friedreich (1825-1882; student of Virchow who became Professor of Pathology at Heidelberg and who also described Friedreich’s ataxia first described renal papillary necrosis (RPN in patients with prostatic hypertrophy and secondary hydronephrosis. Thereafter in 1937, Froboese and Günther emphasized the association of this entity with diabetes mellitus. These authors also observed renal papillary necrosis in cases of urinary tract obstruction even in the absence of diabetes mellitus.

  20. [Hyperuricemia and renal risk].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viazzi, Francesca; Bonino, Barbara; Ratto, Elena; Desideri, Giovambattista; Pontremoli, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Recent studies have revealed an association between elevated levels of uric acid and conditions correlated to chronic kidney diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebral disease, insulin resistance. Several pathogenetic mechanisms at cellular and tissue levels could justify a direct correlation between serum uric acid levels and renal damage. Growing evidence indicating a correlation between urate lowering therapy and renal morbidity could encourage the use of urate lowering therapy in primary or secondary prevention in chronic kidney disease.

  1. Laparoscopic Renal Cryoablation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiffman, Marc; Moshfegh, Amiel; Talenfeld, Adam; Del Pizzo, Joseph J.

    2014-01-01

    In light of evidence linking radical nephrectomy and consequent suboptimal renal function to adverse cardiovascular events and increased mortality, research into nephron-sparing techniques for renal masses widely expanded in the past two decades. The American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines now explicitly list partial nephrectomy as the standard of care for the management of T1a renal tumors. Because of the increasing utilization of cross-sectional imaging, up to 70% of newly detected renal masses are stage T1a, making them more amenable to minimally invasive nephron-sparing therapies including laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy and ablative therapies. Cryosurgery has emerged as a leading option for renal ablation, and compared with surgical techniques it offers benefits in preserving renal function with fewer complications, shorter hospitalization times, and allows for quicker convalescence. A mature dataset exists at this time, with intermediate and long-term follow-up data available. Cryosurgical recommendations as a first-line therapy are made at this time in limited populations, including elderly patients, patients with multiple comorbidities, and those with a solitary kidney. As more data emerge on oncologic efficacy, and technical experience and the technology continue to improve, the application of this modality will likely be extended in future treatment guidelines. PMID:24596441

  2. Neonatal renal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandão, Leonardo R; Simpson, Ewurabena A; Lau, Keith K

    2011-12-01

    Neonatal renal vein thrombosis (RVT) continues to pose significant challenges for pediatric hematologists and nephrologists. The precise mechanism for the onset and propagation of renal thrombosis within the neonatal population is unclear, but there is suggestion that acquired and/or inherited thrombophilia traits may increase the risk for renal thromboembolic disease during the newborn period. This review summarizes the most recent studies of neonatal RVT, examining its most common features, the prevalence of acquired and inherited prothrombotic risk factors among these patients, and evaluates their short and long term renal and thrombotic outcomes as they may relate to these risk factors. Although there is some consensus regarding the management of neonatal RVT, the most recent antithrombotic therapy guidelines for the management of childhood thrombosis do not provide a risk-based algorithm for the acute management of RVT among newborns with hereditary prothrombotic disorders. Whereas neonatal RVT is not a condition associated with a high mortality rate, it is associated with significant morbidity due to renal impairment. Recent evidence to evaluate the effects of heparin-based anticoagulation and thrombolytic therapy on the long term renal function of these patients has yielded conflicting results. Long term cohort studies and randomized trials may be helpful to clarify the impact of acute versus prolonged antithrombotic therapy for reducing the morbidity that is associated with neonatal RVT.

  3. Targeting Strategies for Renal Cell Carcinoma: From Renal Cancer Cells to Renal Cancer Stem Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Zhi-xiang Yuan; Jingxin Mo; Guixian Zhao; Gang Shu; Hua-lin Fu; Wei Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common form of urologic tumor that originates from the highly heterogeneous epithelium of renal tubules. Over the last decade, targeting therapies to renal cancer cells have transformed clinical care for RCC. Recently, it was proposed that renal cancer stem cells (CSCs) isolated from renal carcinomas were responsible for driving tumor growth and resistance to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, according to the theory of CSCs; this has provided the rati...

  4. RENAL MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS: RENAL CELL CARCINOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisangela Giachini

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of malignant kidney tumors, to contribute to identifying factors which the diagnosis of renal cell carcinomas. Through this study, we understand that kidney disease over the years had higher incidence rates, especially in adults in the sixth decade of life. The renal cell carcinoma (RCC is the third most common malignancy of the genitourinary tract, affecting 2% to 3% of the population. There are numerous ways of diagnosis; however, the most important are ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. In general most of the patients affected by the CCR, have a good prognosis when diagnosed early and subjected to an effective treatment. This study conducted a literature review about the CCR, through this it was possible to understand the development needs of the imaging methods used for precise diagnosis and classification of RCC through the TNM system.

  5. Autismo infantil: despiste e prevenção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Golse

    Full Text Available A detecção mais precoce possível do autismo infantil condiciona em grande parte a qualidade do prognóstico, sobretudo o prognóstico cognitivo. Essa detecção precoce coloca, no entanto, uma série de questões clínicas, teóricas e éticas extremamente importantes. O autismo infantil não pode ser reduzido a um déficit neurodesenvolvimental, e é preciso concebê-lo, de preferência, como o fruto de um processo autistisante progressivo e de origem multifatorial. Os sinais que permitem a detecção durante o segundo ano de vida são atualmente bem definidos, principalmente com a constituição do CHAT (Check list for autistic todlers. Durante o primeiro ano de vida são descritas atualmente perturbações interativas precoces, mas talvez seja necessário sobretudo detectar as crianças que necessitam de cuidados, sem confiná-las dentro de uma predição autística que incorre no risco de fixar as coisas, privando o futuro de uma abertura evolutiva ainda possível. A questão do estudo dos filmes familiares foi recentemente retomada de maneira renovada e muito fecunda.

  6. Nascidos para comprar: notas sobre o consumismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Augusta Ferreira de Freitas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-4512.2015n31p210 O objetivo desse trabalho é analisar os fatores que levam o público infantil a buscar, precocemente, serviços estéticos oferecidos em salões de beleza. Uma pesquisa de campo foi conduzida junto a seis díades de mães com suas respectivas filhas. Como estratégia de pesquisa, uma narrativa ficcional foi conduzida com as crianças; enquanto entrevistas foram usadas com as mães. Como resultado, observou-se que vários estímulos levam as crianças a consumirem serviços estéticos. Entre estes, a referência materna, as influências de familiares, amigos da escola e da mídia, através da televisão e internet. De forma secundária, foi registrado que os serviços mais desejados e consumidos pelo público infantil foram os de manicure e cabelereiro. Em termos de papeis, as mães adquirem o serviço, e dividem com suas filhas o papel de decisão, ao determinarem, juntas, como o consumo acontecerá.

  7. La trata de personas en la modalidad de trabajo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica García Marbella

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se describen las causas y el proceso evolutivo del trabajo infantil en México; sin embargo, en la exposición se retoman elementos que identifican el problema en el contexto mundial. En ese sentido, se destaca que durante algún tiempo el quehacer de los infantes en el mercado de trabajo era considerado como un medio para que aprendieran determinado oficio, así como que dicha connotación no ha dejado de existir, pero ahora coexiste con otras tendencias asociadas a la delincuencia organizada, tales como prostitución, pornografía y turismo infantil; es decir, con actividades vinculadas estrechamente con la trata de personas. La pretensión es evidenciar el problema y las principales prácticas de quienes llevan a cabo dicho comportamiento; por lo que hubo necesidad de recurrir a la aplicación de una entrevista focalizada, basada en ocho informantes, con la finalidad de conocer la percepción de personas involucradas en dicha problemática. Al final del trabajo, lo observado es que la problemática en cuestión sigue creciendo en México; situación que es corroborada por los datos que aportan diversas instituciones, que señalan que en la actualidad este país ocupa el primer lugar en dicho comportamiento.

  8. Interacciones vinculares en el sistema de cuidado infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Moreno - Zavaleta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio identifica y analiza las interacciones vinculares existentes en el sistema de cuidado infantil de niños con y sin desnutrición crónica en un mismo contexto de pobreza. Este es un estudio multimétodo, basado en información de campo recopilada y en una construcción teórica que emergió a partir de los resultados obtenidos, ampliando el marco conceptual de la desnutrición infantil. La constelación y gestión del cuidado son dos categorías emergentes, que contribuyen a comprender que en los diferentes escenarios donde transitan los niños hay diversos cuidadores que varían en calidad, permanencia y coherencia repercutiendo esta situación en su estado nutricional. Si bien las mujeres se constituyen en las gestoras principales del cuidado, no son ellas las únicas responsables del cuidado y por ello se recomienda fortalecer las redes de apoyo familiar y comunitario.

  9. Application of Xiyanping in treatment of infantile rotavirus diarrhea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-Xiong Tang

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To observe the application effect of Xiyanping in the treatment of infantile rotavirus diarrhea.Methods:A total of 80 children with rotavirus diarrhea who were admitted in our hospital from January, 2014 to April, 2015 were included in the study and randomized into the treatment group and the control group with 40 cases in each group. The patients in the two groups were given ribavirin 10 mg/kg.d, iv drip, qd. On this basis, the patients in the treatment group were given additional Xiyanping injection 7.5 mg/kg, iv drip, qd. The symptom and sign relieving time and temperature reduced degree after treatment in the two groups were compared. The serum BDNF, NGF, and NTF levels in the two groups were detected.Results:The treatment total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The symptom and sign relieving time in the treatment group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the temperature recovering degree was significantly superior to that in the control group (P<0.05). The serum BDNF, NGF, and NTF levels after treatment in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusions: Xiyanping in combined with ribavirin in the treatment of infantile rotavirus diarrhea can effectively relieve the symptoms and signs, and protect the neurological function, with efficacy superior to that by pure ribavirin treatment.

  10. La Gendarmería Infantil durante la última dictadura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Lvovich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizamos las actividades que se desarrollaron en el marco del “Plan de Acción Cívica de Gendarmería Nacional”, concentrándonos en particular en la creación y desarrollo de la Gendarmería Infantil. Sostenemos que dicho Plan buscaba integrar y mejorar la imagen de la Gendarmería en la sociedad, y que la experiencia de la Gendarmería Infantil resultó un intento de incidir en la socialización de los niños y jóvenes por parte de un sector del régimen militar. El propósito de influir sobre su formación, se observa en el establecimiento de lazos entre niños y jóvenes y las fuerzas de seguridad, la socialización en valores propios de esas fuerzas y en la participación en ceremonias fuertemente asociadas a sus principios.

  11. Trabajo infantil y pobreza de los hogares en la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A. Paz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de Basu y Van (1998 plantea a nivel teórico la llamada hipótesis de lujo según la cual los hogares están comandados por padres altruistas y pobres que recurren al trabajo infantil como estrategia de escape de la pobreza. Según este enfoque, si la economía está en una situación de equilibrio múltiple, puede ocurrir que la aplicación efectiva de las leyes que prohíben el trabajo infantil provoque un empeoramiento del bienestar de los hogares y aumente la pobreza. Con datos de la Encuesta de Actividades de Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes realizada en la Argentina en 2004, se explora empíricamente la hipótesis de padres altruistas examinando en qué medida la pobreza monetaria y las privaciones materiales pueden considerarse determinantes de la participación económica de niñas, niños y adolescentes.

  12. Infantile abdominoscrotal hydrocele: a not so benign condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozzi, Denis A; Mele, Ermelinda; Ceccanti, Silvia; Pepino, Daniela; d'Ambrosio, Giuseppe; Cozzi, Francesco

    2008-12-01

    Infantile abdominoscrotal hydrocele is a rarely described condition. We report the outcome of the largest single institution experience managing these lesions. We retrospectively reviewed descriptive case series of all infants treated between January 1998 and December 2007. Postoperative followup ranged from 3 to 107 months (median 48). A total of 18 consecutive patients underwent abdominoscrotal hydrocele repair at age 3 to 21 months (median 8). The first 13 patients underwent inguinal hydrocelectomy, which consisted of high ligation of the processus vaginalis and complete excision of the abdominal component of the lesion. The remaining 5 patients underwent plication of the tunica vaginalis accomplished through the scrotum. Included in this group were 2 patients initially treated expectantly because the lesion was without undue tension at diagnosis. Both cases demonstrated spontaneous resolution of the abdominal component of the lesion but ultimately required surgery for scrotal hydrocele. Overall 23 testes (5 bilateral lesions) were operated on, of which 18 had some degree of testicular dysmorphism detected by ultrasonography or during surgery and 15 fully recovered postoperatively. A total of 11 patients experienced 1 or more postoperative complications, including persistent scrotal swelling (7), hypoplastic testis (3), scrotal hematoma (2), inguinal hernia (1) and cryptorchidism (1). Morbidity related to scrotal hydrocelectomy was negligible. There were no recurrences of abdominoscrotal hydrocele in the series. Tense infantile abdominoscrotal hydroceles are associated with a high rate of testicular dysmorphism, which is often reversed by early intervention. Simple transscrotal plication of the tunica vaginalis represents an effective procedure with decreased postoperative complications.

  13. Cardiovascular Profile of Propranolol after Multiple Dosing in Infantile Hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salice, Patrizia; Giovanni Bianchetti, Mario; Giavarini, Alessandra; Gondoni, Erica; Cavalli, Riccardo; Maria Colli, Anna; Lombardi, Federico

    2017-01-01

    Propranolol is becoming the treatment of choice for complicated infantile hemangioma. We report here data on peripheral blood flow, O2-saturation, electrocardiographic PR-interval, left ventricular function, blood pressure and heart rate that were assessed before and during treatment for ≥4 weeks with propranolol 2 mg/kg of body weight daily in 67 infants propranolol was well tolerated in all and did not modify peripheral blood flow, O2-saturation, electrocardiographic PR-interval and left ventricular fractional shortening or ejection fraction. Absolute blood pressure levels were similar without and with propranolol. However, age-adjusted centile levels for both systolic and diastolic levels were significantly lower while on propranolol. The heart rate was significantly lower both when expressed as absolute value and when expressed as age-adjusted centile on treatment with propranolol. In conclusion, propranolol 2 mg/kg of body weight daily causes a statistically though not clinically relevant decrease in blood pressure and heart rate in cardially healthy infants affected by infantile hemangioma. Temporary discontinuation during acute febrile illnesses and during diarrheal diseases should be considered to prevent excessive hypotension.

  14. El desarrollo de la marcha infantil como proceso de aprendizaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Martín Casas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de la marcha infantil es un proceso especialmente complejo en que el intervienen factores motores, perceptivos y cognitivos. Desde el nacimiento, el niño integra la información recibida y realiza un progresivo control cortical sobre los patrones neuromotores innatos para desarrollar diferentes formas de locomoción hasta la marcha independiente. Estas ideas no son novedosas pero se están revisando en la actualidad y han motivado numerosos cambios en el estudio del desarrollo infantil. La consideración de la adquisición de la marcha como un aprendizaje en situaciones de constante cambio permite comprender la marcha como acción, cuya realización implica la adquisición de nuevas capacidades de interacción y conocimientos. En este trabajo se exponen los principales conocimientos acerca de este proceso de aprendizaje y se propone destacar las alteraciones de la marcha como indicadores de dificultades en el desarrollo, que requieren una valoración y un abordaje terapéutico interdisciplinares.

  15. Aportacions a la història de la psicopatologia infantil

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Com ja van fer anteriorment amb la Història de la psiquiatria, en aquest treball el Seminari Pere Mata publica un recull d'articles fins ara dispersos aquest cop centrats en la psicopatologia infantil. Els setze articles es poden distribuir en tres grups. El primer, el formen articles sobre la història de l'especialitat. Un segon grup gira entorn de la influència de la psiquiatria infantil francesa. L'últim i més nombròs tracta del passat de la psiquiatria infantil espanyola i catalana.

  16. TREATMENT OF 80 CASES OF INFANTILE DIARRHEA WITH ABDOMINAL ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION ON SHENQUE (CV 8)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PU Shang-xi; CHEN Pu-qing

    2006-01-01

    @@ Infantile diarrhea is the common and frequently-occurred disease in the pediatric department, fallen into the cate gory of "Xiaoer Xiexie" (infantile diarrhea) in Chinese medicine, which is commonly caused by the invasion of exogenous pathogenic factors, improper diet, the yang deficiency of the spleen and kidney and the weakness of the spleen and stomach. Eighty cases of infantile diarrhea had been treated with the abdominal acupuncture and moxibustion on Shenque (神阙CV 8) and the satisfactory results had been achieved. The report is as follows.

  17. Propuesta de intervención en el aula para casos de agresividad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Redondo-Vilellas, Mireia

    2012-01-01

    En el trabajo que se presenta a continuación se va a abordar el tema de la agresividad en la etapa de Educación Infantil mediante una revisión bibliográfica y una propuesta de intervención para tratar y modificar la conducta agresiva en niños de cuatro años del segundo ciclo de educación infantil. En las siguientes páginas se habla de lo que entendemos como agresividad infantil, incluyendo a algunos investigadores y estudios que se han hecho sobre el tema. También se clasifican los tipos d...

  18. El maltrato y el abuso infantil: una propuesta de intervención

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo de fin de grado versa sobre el maltrato infantil y el abuso sexual en especial, realizando una propuesta de intervención para su prevención en segundo ciclo de Educación Infantil. En la primera parte se realiza un recorrido teórico por los conceptos más significativos, como la definición, tipología, factores de riesgo y protectores, efectos y situación del maltrato infantil y del abuso sexual en particular. En la segunda parte se presenta una propuesta de in...

  19. Factores de riesgo del maltrato y abandono infantil desde una perspectiva multicausal

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    RESUMEN: En este artículo se expone la evolución de los diferentes modelos que han tratado de ofrecer una explicación del maltrato y abandono infantil, modelos que en un principio se basaban en una perspectiva unicausal. Actualmente, el maltrato infantil se encuadra en un marco teórico multicausal; desde este enfoque, se proporciona un análisis de aquellos factores ambientales, familiares e individuales, que se consideran importantes en la explicación del maltrato y abandono infantil intrafam...

  20. Aportaciones de la lectura de los libros infantiles acompañados con DVD

    OpenAIRE

    Santibáñez Velilla, Josefina

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este trabajo se ha centrado en conocer si existen diferencias en comprensión y asimilación lectora entre la lectura realizada en textos escritos en libros infantiles en soporte de papel y la lectura realizada en textos escritos de libros infantiles en soporte de papel y además acompañados de DVD. El DVD interactivo que acompañan a los libros infantiles, a diferencia de los libros tradicionales presentados únicamente en soporte de papel, aportan unas características co...

  1. Estudio sobre las consecuencias del maltrato infantil en el desarrollo del lenguaje

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Manso, Juan Manuel

    2005-01-01

    Con el estudio sobre las consecuencias del maltrato infantil en el desarrollo del lenguaje, intentamos determinar si los malos tratos a la infancia ocasionan repercusiones en dicha área y si existen repercusiones lingüísticas diferenciales según el tipo de maltrato infantil que sufre el niño. Para ello, analizamos muestras de maltrato infantil tales como el abandono físico, abandono emocional, maltrato físico y maltrato emocional. Reflejamos los resultados de la aplicación de las Escalas McCa...

  2. Propuesta de intervención en el aula para casos de agresividad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Redondo-Vilellas, Mireia

    2012-01-01

    En el trabajo que se presenta a continuación se va a abordar el tema de la agresividad en la etapa de Educación Infantil mediante una revisión bibliográfica y una propuesta de intervención para tratar y modificar la conducta agresiva en niños de cuatro años del segundo ciclo de educación infantil. En las siguientes páginas se habla de lo que entendemos como agresividad infantil, incluyendo a algunos investigadores y estudios que se han hecho sobre el tema. También se clasifican los tipos d...

  3. TREATMENT OF 30 CASES OF INFANTILE HIGH FEVER WITH ERJIAN-POINT BLOOD-LETTING METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李赛玲; 朱军

    2001-01-01

    High fever is referred to that the body temperature exceeds 39℃. Due to aplasia of the cerebral nerve system during infantile stage, continuous high fever may induce temporary functional disturbance of the brain, manifesting as sudden and transient loss of consciousness and local or general muscular spasm that is termed as infantile convulsion. The authors find in clinical practice that sometimes, administration of antipyretics as compound aspirin (APC), compound aminopyrine, etc. has no effect on infantile high fever, if treated with Erjian (MA-H 6) bleeding method, the body temperature may be decreased by 0.5~1.0℃. Here is the report.

  4. Malignant renal tumors in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Scott Lee

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Renal malignancies are common in children. While the majority of malignant renal masses are secondary to Wilms tumor, it can be challenging to distinguish from more aggressive renal masses. For suspicious renal lesions, it is crucial to ensure prompt diagnosis in order to select the appropriate surgical procedure and treatment. This review article will discuss the common differential diagnosis that can be encountered when evaluating a suspicious renal mass in the pediatric population. This includes clear cell sarcoma of the kidney, malignant rhabdoid tumor, renal medullary carcinoma and lymphoma. 

  5. Percutaneous renal tumour biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delahunt, Brett; Samaratunga, Hemamali; Martignoni, Guido; Srigley, John R; Evans, Andrew J; Brunelli, Matteo

    2014-09-01

    The use of percutaneous renal tumour biopsy (RTB) as a diagnostic tool for the histological characterization of renal masses has increased dramatically within the last 30 years. This increased utilization has paralleled advances in imaging techniques and an evolving knowledge of the clinical value of nephron sparing surgery. Improved biopsy techniques using image guidance, coupled with the use of smaller gauge needles has led to a decrease in complication rates. Reports from series containing a large number of cases have shown the non-diagnostic rate of RTB to range from 4% to 21%. Re-biopsy has been shown to reduce this rate, while the use of molecular markers further improves diagnostic sensitivity. In parallel with refinements of the biopsy procedure, there has been a rapid expansion in our understanding of the complexity of renal cell neoplasia. The 2013 Vancouver Classification is the current classification for renal tumours, and contains five additional entities recognized as novel forms of renal malignancy. The diagnosis of tumour morphotype on RTB is usually achievable on routine histology; however, immunohistochemical studies may be of assistance in difficult cases. The morphology of the main tumour subtypes, based upon the Vancouver Classification, is described and differentiating features are discussed.

  6. Can renal infarction occur after renal cyst aspiration? Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emre, Habib; Soyoral, Yasemin Usul; Tanik, Serhat; Gecit, Ilhan; Begenik, Huseyin; Pirincci, Necip; Erkoc, Reha

    2011-01-01

    Renal infarction (RI) is a rarely seen disorder, and the diagnosis is often missed. The two major causes of RI are thromboemboli originhating from a thrombus in the heart or aorta, and in-situ thrombosis of a renal artery. We report a case of RI that developed due to renal artery and vein thrombosis, as confirmed by pathological evaluation of the nephrectomy material, three weeks after renal cyst aspiration.

  7. HISTÓRIAS E MEMÓRIAS NA EDUCAÇÃO INFANTIL: UM ELO ENTRE LITERATURA INFANTIL, PNBE E PRÁTICA PEDAGÓGICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussara Cristina Barboza Tortella

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute acerca do trabalho com a literatura na Educação Infantil considerando a importante contribuição do PNBE neste processo, uma vez que este programa tem como objetivo formar e qualificar bibliotecas escolares. Trata-se de um estudo teórico sobre o PNBE e a literatura infantil, ilustrado com a narrativa de uma experiência do trabalho com a leitura na Educação Infantil. De tal forma, os objetivos deste artigo são: i apresentar o PNBE e refletir sobre suas contribuições na escola; ii relatar uma experiência de leitura na educação infantil; iii mostrar que o trabalho com a literatura na educação infantil pode estar atrelado aos interesses das crianças e pode ser uma preciosa ferramenta na descoberta do mundo pelos pequenos. Compreendemos que intencionalidade e formação constituem-se aspectos fundamentais na construção de um trabalho que afeta significativamente os alunos, possibilitando o estabelecimento de uma relação frutuosa entre a criança e os livros.

  8. Imaging chronic renal disease and renal transplant in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carmichael, Jim; Easty, Marina [Great Ormond Street Hospital, Radiology Department, London (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-15

    At Great Ormond Street Hospital we have the highest number of paediatric renal transplant patients in Europe, taking cases from across the United Kingdom and abroad. Our caseload includes many children with rare complicating medical problems and chronic renal failure related morbidity. This review aims to provide an overview of our experience of imaging children with chronic renal failure and transplants. (orig.)

  9. Renal sympathetic denervation: MDCT evaluation of the renal arteries.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hutchinson, Barry D

    2013-08-01

    Percutaneous transluminal renal sympathetic denervation is a new treatment of refractory systemic hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical utility of MDCT to evaluate the anatomic configuration of the renal arteries in the context of renal sympathetic denervation.

  10. Screening renal stone formers for distal renal tubular acidosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osther, P J; Hansen, A B; Røhl, H F

    1989-01-01

    A group of 110 consecutive renal stone formers were screened for distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) using morning fasting urinary pH (mfUpH) levels followed by a short ammonium chloride loading test in patients with levels above 6.0. In 14 patients (12.7%) a renal acidification defect was noted...

  11. Infantile colic: looking to old data through new eyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Savino

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper performs an overview about researches and clinical trials on gut microflora and the use of probiotics, and seeks to define a new picture of current literature in order to propose an evidence-based practice approach for the treatment of infantile colic. Colics are a self-limiting, benign and widespread disturbance in the first three months of life, but provide a great disturbance on family life, also because this condition is frequently undervalued by physicians and available literature doesn’t provide univocal indication about management and treatment. Literature reports growing evidences about the effectiveness of dietary approach or supplementation with probiotics. This article tries to evaluate available evidences through GRADE system, in order to underline limitations, inconsistency and publication bias of old clinical trials.However, this choice could provide multiple and discordant results. According to the growing of new systematic reviews, evaluations about evidences and recommendations in health care are complex, and might show up different results. Moreover, up to date many different definitions and outcome measures for infantile colic have been proposed in clinical trials: many take in account crying time, but a minor part also consider parental perception.The effectiveness of complementary and alternative treatments and behavioural interventions needs to be further investigated.Recently, the possible action of microbiota as a cause of colics and the use of some probiotic strains for the treatment have raised great interest.It has been also postulated that parent-infant interaction may influence infantile colic, but further researches on educational and psychological intervention are required in order to better clarify this issue, as well as further investigations are needed in order to provide more reliable evidence-based guidelines. Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Neonatology and Satellite Meetings

  12. de nutrición infantil 2001-2002.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Díez-Gañán

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Para conocer la situación alimentaria y nutricional en la población infantil, sobre la que no existía información actualizada, el Instituto de Salud Pública desarrolló la Encuesta de Nutrición Infantil de la Comunidad de Madrid 2001/2002 (ENICM. En este trabajo se analiza la ENICM para describir y evaluar la ingesta de alimentos, energía y nutrientes en esta población. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra representativa de la población de 5-12 años de la Comunidad de Madrid. La información alimentaria se recogió en 2001 y 2002 mediante dos recuerdos de 24 horas. Se ha estudiado la ingesta total diaria de alimentos, energía y nutrientes. Los análisis incluyen los 1.852 niños con información completa en los dos recuerdos (90,8% de las entrevistas realizadas. Resultados: La ingesta media total diaria de alimentos es 1.460,7 gramos/persona/día. Salvo para los lácteos, huevos y aceites, la ingesta en los grupos alimentarios básicos es inadecuada, particularmente baja en las frutas frescas, verduras y hortalizas. La ingesta media energética y nutricional resultante es 1.905,9 kcal/persona/día; 43,6% hidratos de carbono; 17,4% proteínas, 39,0% lípidos (13,3% grasas saturadas, 16,8% monoinsaturadas, 5,0% poliinsaturadas; 363,8 mg de colesterol; 13,6 g de fibra e ingestas por debajo de las recomendadas de zinc, ácido fólico, vitaminas D y E (ambos sexos y hierro y vitamina B6 (niñas. Conclusiones: La dieta de la población infantil de la Comunidad de Madrid presenta desequilibrios que es necesario mejorar: ingesta inadecuada de alimentos básicos, exceso de proteínas, grasas saturadas y colesterol y déficit de hidratos de carbono, fibra y algunos micronutrientes.

  13. Fatores determinantes do crescimento infantil Determinant factors of infant growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia de Azevedo Mello Romani

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão enfoca os fatores que interferem no crescimento de crianças nos primeiros anos de vida. Foram utilizadas informações de artigos publicados em revistas científicas, teses e publicações de organizações internacionais. O crescimento infantil se constitui em um dos melhores indicadores de saúde da criança e o retardo estatural representa atualmente, a característica antropométrica mais representativa do quadro epidemiológico da desnutrição no Brasil. Ressaltando a importância do fator genético no crescimento, a revisão abrange com maior ênfase a atuação dos fatores extrínsecos, sabendo-se que o processo de crescimento resulta da interação entre a carga genética e os fatores do meio ambiente, os quais premitirão a maior ou menor expressão do potencial genético. Face a comprovada natureza multicausal do crescimento infantil, vários estudos têm sido desenvolvidos, buscando relacionar variáveis biológicas, socioeconômicas, maternas, ambientais, culturais, demográficas, nutricionais, entre outras, com a sua etiologia, seu desenvolvimento e sua manutenção. A revisão apresentada reforça o interesse em investigações sobre o crescimento na primeira infância que devem ser permanentes, devido, principalmente, às repercussões a longo prazo sobre a saúde infantil.This review focuses on factors interfering with growth during the first years of life. Information was collected from articles published in indexed scientific journals, theses, technical books and publications of international organizations. Infant growth is one of the best health indicators, and linear growth retardation is currently the most representative anthropometric characteristic of child nutrition epidemiology in Brazil. The review indicates the value of genetics in growth, focusing, however on the influence of the extrinsic factors. Growth process results from interaction between genetic and environmental factors, determining variation

  14. Renal Tumor Biopsy Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhang; Xue-Song Li; Li-Qun Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To review hot issues and future direction of renal tumor biopsy (RTB) technique.Data Sources:The literature concerning or including RTB technique in English was collected from PubMed published from 1990 to 2015.Study Selection:We included all the relevant articles on RTB technique in English,with no limitation of study design.Results:Computed tomography and ultrasound were usually used for guiding RTB with respective advantages.Core biopsy is more preferred over fine needle aspiration because of superior accuracy.A minimum of two good-quality cores for a single renal tumor is generally accepted.The use of coaxial guide is recommended.For biopsy location,sampling different regions including central and peripheral biopsies are recommended.Conclusion:In spite of some limitations,RTB technique is relatively mature to help optimize the treatment of renal tumors.

  15. Dyslipoproteinemia in renal transplantation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunjotikar R

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-seven live related donor renal allograft recipients were evaluated for dyslipoproteinemia. Twenty-two patients received dual immunosuppression with prednisolone and azathioprine. Five patients received cyclosporin as well. Total cholesterol (Tch, triglycerides (TG, HDL cholesterol (HDLch, LDL cholesterol (LDLch and VLDL cholesterol (VLDLch levels were estimated. Fifteen (56% patients showed significant lipoprotein abnormalities. Renal allograft recipients showed significantly lower levels of Tch (p < 0.05 and LDLch (p < 0.05 and higher levels of TG (p < 0.005 and HDLch (p < 0.05. Diet and beta blockers did not influence lipoprotein levels. A significant negative correlation was noted between post-transplant duration and Tch, TG and VLDLch levels. Increased TG levels were associated with increase in weight and higher daily prednisolone dosage at the time of evaluation. The study confirms the existence of dyslipoproteinemia in renal allograft recipients.

  16. Resiliencia en el maltrato infantil: aportes para la comprension de factores desde un modelo ecologico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morelato, Gabriela

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo integra conceptos vinculados a la resiliencia en el ambito del maltrato infantil desde el modelo ecologico, haciendo enfasis en la descripcion de factores de riesgo y protectores...

  17. Desarrollo motor como indicador del desarrollo infantil durante los primeros dos anos de vida

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pollitt, Ernesto; Caycho, Tomas

    2010-01-01

    El proposito de este trabajo es fundamentar la seleccion del area motora en ninos/as de 3 a 24 meses de edad como indicador del desarrollo integral infantil para su aplicacion en estudios poblacionales...

  18. La conciencia morfologica: tendencias de desarrollo y patron evolutivo en Educacion Infantil y Primaria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gonzalez Sanchez, Lorena; Rodriguez Perez, Celestino; Gazquez Linares, Jose Jesus; Gonzalez Castro, Paloma; Alvarez Garcia, David

    2011-01-01

    .... Los datos indican un incremento en el desarrollo de la conciencia morfologica desde finales de la Educacion Infantil a primeros de Educacion Primaria, constatandose la adquisicion en un primer...

  19. Thirty-five Infantile Purpura Nephritis Patients Treated with Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG; Tian-wen

    2001-01-01

    Thirty-five patients of infantile purpura nephritis (IPN) were treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine (TCM-WM) from January 1994 to December 1998, with good efficacy obtained, and following is the report.

  20. Treatment of 320 Cases of Infantile Diarrhea by Needling Technique of Setting Fire on Mountains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BO Li-ya; ZHANG Hui-ling; WU Chun-sheng; HUANG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    In the treatment of 320 cases of infantile diarrhea by the needling technique of setting fire on mountains, with Zusanli (ST 36) and Changqiang (GV 1)as the main acupoints, all cases were cured after 1-3 treatments.

  1. Revision bibliografico analitica acerca de las diversas teorias y programas de intervencion del autismo infantil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mebarak, Moises; Martinez, Martha; Serna, Adriana

    2009-01-01

    ... interdisciplinario se vienen manejando, con el fin de mejorar la calidad de vida de los afectados. El autismo infantil presenta una gran heterogeneidad en sus manifestaciones sintomaticas, por lo que es posible confundirlo a nivel de diagnostico diferencial...

  2. Previniendo el maltrato infantil: descripcion psicosocial de usuarios de programas de intervencion breve en Chile

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cifuentes, Bernardita; Ross, Maria Ines; Gomez, Esteban

    2010-01-01

    El estudio describe caracteristicas y factores de riesgo para el maltrato y la negligencia infantil, en 591 ninos y adolescentes, sus figuras parentales y familias atendidas por ocho programas de intervencion breve (PIB...

  3. Body mass index in male and female children with infantile autism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2002-01-01

    Morphometry, the measurement of forms, is an ancient practice. Recently, evidence has grown to support the notion that aberrant neurodevelopment may play a role in the pathophysiology of autism. Is the body, like the brain, affected by abnormal development in these patients? The aim of this study...... was significantly lower than that of the age-matched reference population. There was no evidence that BMI was associated with intelligence or socioeconomic status among children with infantile autism....... was to evaluate body mass index (BMI) of children with infantile autism, by comparing the BMI of 117 children with infantile autism with the corresponding BMI percentiles in an age- and sex-matched reference population. The BMI distribution of the male, but not female, children with infantile autism...

  4. Regional differences in fiber tractography predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates with infantile Krabbe disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Interpretation: Neonatal microstructural abnormalities correlate with neurodevelopmental treatment outcomes in patients treated for infantile Krabbe disease. DTI with quantitative tractography is an excellent biomarker for evaluating infants with Krabbe disease identified through newborn screening.

  5. Reduced Penetrance of PRRT2 Mutation in a Chinese Family With Infantile Convulsion and Choreoathetosis Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, L M; An, Y; Pan, G; Ding, Y F; Zhou, Y F; Yao, Y H; Wu, B L; Zhou, S Z

    2015-09-01

    Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is a rare episodic movement disorder that can be isolated or associated with benign infantile seizures as part of choreoathetosis syndrome. Mutations in the PRRT2 gene have been recently identified as a cause of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia and infantile convulsion and choreoathetosis (ICCA). We reported a PRRT2 heterozygous mutation (c.604-607delTCAC, p.S202Hfs*25) in a 3-generation Chinese family with infantile convulsion and choreoathetosis and paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. The mutation was present in 5 family members, of which 4 were clinically affected and 1 was an obligate carrier with reduced penetrance of PRRT2. The affected carriers of this mutation presented with a similar type of infantile convulsion during early childhood and developed additional paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia symptoms later in life. In addition, they all had a dramatic clinical response to oxcarbazepine/phenytoin therapy. Reduced penetrance of the PRRT2 mutation in this family could warrant genetic counseling.

  6. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... International TSC Research Conference Text Size Get Involved RENAL (KIDNEY) MANIFESTATIONS IN TSC Download a PDF of ... sclerosis complex (TSC) will develop some form of renal (kidney) disease during their lifetime. There are three ...

  7. Renal involvement in antiphospholipid syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons-Estel, Guillermo J; Cervera, Ricard

    2014-02-01

    Renal involvement can be a serious problem for patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). However, this complication has been poorly recognized and studied. It can be present in patients who have either primary or systemic lupus erythematosus-associated APS. Clinical and laboratory features of renal involvement in APS include hypertension, hematuria, acute renal failure, and progressive chronic renal insufficiency with mild levels of proteinuria that can progress to nephrotic-range proteinuria. The main lesions are renal artery stenosis, venous renal thrombosis, and glomerular lesions (APS nephropathy) that may be acute (thrombotic microangiopathy) and/or chronic (arteriosclerosis, arterial fibrous intimal hyperplasia, tubular thyroidization, arteriolar occlusions, and focal cortical atrophy). APS can also cause end-stage renal disease and allograft vascular thrombosis. This article reviews the range of renal abnormalities associated with APS, and their diagnosis and treatment options.

  8. [Renal transplantation and urinary lithiasis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechevallier, E; Saussine, C; Traxer, O

    2008-12-01

    Renal lithiasis in renal donors is rare. A renal stone in a donor, or in a renal transplant, is not a contraindication for harvesting nor transplantation. If possible, the stone must be removed at the time of the transplantation. The risk of lithiasis is increased in the renal transplant recipient, with a frequency of 2-6%. Metabolic abnormalities for lithiasis are frequent and can be induced by the immunosuppressive treatment, anticalcineurins. Lithiasis can have a poor prognosis in the renal recipient with a risk for infection or renal dysfunction. Small (renal transplant can be followed-up. Stones of 0.5-1.5cm need an extracorporeal lithotripsy with a previous safety JJ stent. Stones greater than 1.5cm can be treated by ureteroscopy or percutaneous surgery.

  9. Renal denervation and hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlaich, Markus P; Krum, Henry; Sobotka, Paul A; Esler, Murray D

    2011-06-01

    Essential hypertension remains one of the biggest challenges in medicine with an enormous impact on both individual and society levels. With the exception of relatively rare monogenetic forms of hypertension, there is now general agreement that the condition is multifactorial in nature and hence requires therapeutic approaches targeting several aspects of the underlying pathophysiology. Accordingly, all major guidelines promote a combination of lifestyle interventions and combination pharmacotherapy to reach target blood pressure (BP) levels in order to reduce overall cardiovascular risk in affected patients. Although this approach works for many, it fails in a considerable number of patients for various reasons including drug-intolerance, noncompliance, physician inertia, and others, leaving them at unacceptably high cardiovascular risk. The quest for additional therapeutic approaches to safely and effectively manage hypertension continues and expands to the reappraisal of older concepts such as renal denervation. Based on the robust preclinical and clinical data surrounding the role of renal sympathetic nerves in various aspects of BP control very recent efforts have led to the development of a novel catheter-based approach using radiofrequency (RF) energy to selectively target and disrupt the renal nerves. The available evidence from the limited number of uncontrolled hypertensive patients in whom renal denervation has been performed are auspicious and indicate that the procedure has a favorable safety profile and is associated with a substantial and presumably sustained BP reduction. Although promising, a myriad of questions are far from being conclusively answered and require our concerted research efforts to explore the full potential and possible risks of this approach. Here we briefly review the science surrounding renal denervation, summarize the current data on safety and efficacy of renal nerve ablation, and discuss some of the open questions that need

  10. Renal Artery Stent Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Timothy P.; Cooper, Christopher J.; Matsumoto, Alan H.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Pencina, Karol M.; Jamerson, Kenneth; Tuttle, Katherine R.; Shapiro, Joseph I.; D’Agostino, Ralph; Massaro, Joseph; Henrich, William; Dworkin, Lance D.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Multiple randomized clinical trials comparing renal artery stent placement plus medical therapy with medical therapy alone have not shown any benefit of stent placement. However, debate continues whether patients with extreme pressure gradients, stenosis severity, or baseline blood pressure benefit from stent revascularization. OBJECTIVES The study sought to test the hypothesis that pressure gradients, stenosis severity, and/or baseline blood pressure affects outcomes after renal artery stent placement. METHODS Using data from 947 patients with a history of hypertension or chronic kidney disease from the largest randomized trial of renal artery stent placement, the CORAL (Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions) study, we performed exploratory analyses to determine if subsets of patients experienced better outcomes after stent placement than the overall cohort. We examined baseline stenosis severity, systolic blood pressure, and translesion pressure gradient (peak systolic and mean) and performed interaction tests and Cox proportional hazards analyses for the occurrence of the primary endpoint through all follow-up, to examine the effect of these variables on outcomes by treatment group. RESULTS There were no statistically significant differences in outcomes based on the examined variables nor were there any consistent nonsignificant trends. CONCLUSIONS Based on data from the CORAL randomized trial, there is no evidence of a significant treatment effect of the renal artery stent procedure compared with medical therapy alone based on stenosis severity, level of systolic blood pressure elevation, or according to the magnitude of the transstenotic pressure gradient. (Benefits of Medical Therapy Plus Stenting for Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions [CORAL]; NCT00081731) PMID:26653621

  11. Renal Failure in Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balofsky, Ari; Fedarau, Maksim

    2016-01-01

    Renal failure during pregnancy affects both mother and fetus, and may be related to preexisting disease or develop secondary to diseases of pregnancy. Causes include hypovolemia, sepsis, shock, preeclampsia, thrombotic microangiopathies, and renal obstruction. Treatment focuses on supportive measures, while pharmacologic treatment is viewed as second-line therapy, and is more useful in mitigating harmful effects than treating the underlying cause. When supportive measures and pharmacotherapy prove inadequate, dialysis may be required, with the goal being to prolong pregnancy until delivery is feasible. Outcomes and recommendations depend primarily on the underlying cause.

  12. Renal lithiasis and nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grases, Felix; Costa-Bauza, Antonia; Prieto, Rafel M

    2006-09-06

    Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified through diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet. In fact, the change of inappropriate habitual diet patterns should be the main measure to prevent kidney stones. In this paper, the relation between different dietary factors (liquid intake, pH, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, phytate, urate and vitamins) and each type of renal stone (calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary, calcium oxalate monohydrate unattached, calcium oxalate dihydrate, calcium oxalate dihydrate/hydroxyapatite, hydroxyapatite, struvite infectious, brushite, uric acid, calcium oxalate/uric acid and cystine) is discussed.

  13. Pediatric Renal Neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranganathan, Sarangarajan

    2009-03-01

    Renal tumors in childhood consist of a diverse group of tumors ranging from the most common Wilms' tumor, to the uncommon and often fatal rhabdoid tumor. Diagnosis is based on morphologic features and aided by ancillary techniques such as immunohistochemistry and cytogenetics. Molecular techniques have helped identify a group of pediatric renal cell carcinomas that have specific translocations, called translocation-associated carcinomas. Differential diagnosis of the various tumors is discussed. Pathogenesis and nephroblastomatosis, the precursor lesions of Wilms tumor, also are discussed briefly, as are the handling of these tumor specimens and prognostic factors. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Gravidez e transplante renal

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Joana Rita Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Enquadramento: A gravidez é rara em mulheres com Doença Renal Crónica, sobretudo em estadio avançado, em virtude de várias condicionantes como a disfunção ovárica, hemorragias vaginais anovulatórias e amenorreia. Contudo, após transplante renal é possível alimentar o sonho de constituir família, mas é preciso considerar os riscos aumentados para o enxerto e a maior susceptibilidade para complicações da gravidez. Objectivo: Avaliar os riscos e identificar as variáveis que influenciam o suce...

  15. Renal lithiasis and nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prieto Rafel M

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified trough diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet. In fact, the change of inappropriate habitual diet patterns should be the main measure to prevent kidney stones. In this paper, the relation between different dietary factors (liquid intake, pH, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, phytate, urate and vitamins and each type of renal stone (calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary, calcium oxalate monohydrate unattached, calcium oxalate dihydrate, calcium oxalate dihydrate/hydroxyapatite, hydroxyapatite, struvite infectious, brushite, uric acid, calcium oxalate/uric acid and cystine is discussed.

  16. EL TRABAJO INFANTIL EN COLOMBIA: TENDENCIAS Y NUEVAS POLÍTICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Salazar

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo presenta un diagnóstico del trabajo infantil en Colombia, señalando las principales tendencias del fenómeno durante el período 1992-1996. Se identifica a la pobreza y a los factores culturales como las principales causas del problema, remarcando la necesidad de erradicar el trabajo infantil, respetando los Derechos del niño.

  17. La neuropsicología infantil desde la perspectiva histórico-cultural.

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Cada vez se tienen mas avances dentro de laneuropsicologfa infantil en su interes por los problemascomportamentales y cognitivos del desarrollo, eneste artfculo se presenta una revisi6n de la propuestaneuropsicol6gica hist6rico-cultural,Uno de los puntos principales def desarroOo delaneuropsicologfa contemporanea es la conceptualizaci6nde la neuropsicologfa de las diferencias individualeso neuropsicologfa de la normal|dad que permite lafundamentaci6n de la neuropsicologia infantil, trazandose...

  18. Cor pulmonale in a case of infantile Gaucher′s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumya Patra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile Gaucher′s disease presenting as cor pulmonale is rarely reported in pediatric literature. We report a 3.3 year old boy with infantile Gaucher′s disease who presented to us as interstitial lung disease, pulmonary hypertension along with features of cor pulmonale. The high resolution CT findings were typical of interstitial and airspace disease. Cor pulmonale in this patient was a result of severe pulmonary hypertension.

  19. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis of the skull: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Eun; Cho, Kil Ho; Suh, Jang Ho; Choi, Joon Hyuk [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare, benign mesenchymal disorder of early childhood characterized by solitary or multiple benign myofibroblastic tumors. The tumors may involve the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, bone and visceral organs. We report magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis arising in the temporal bone of a ten-month-old boy, and the diagnosis was confirmed by surgical excision and histopathological examination.

  20. Concepção de Infância e Literatura Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Demonstramos a existência da chamada "Literatura Infantil" nonível da manifestação textual. No processo de discursivização, o sujeito da enunciação escolhe figuras "apropriadas" ao universo infantil, sendo que a estrutura profunda dos textos guarda os valores historicamente produzidos pela sociedade que transferimos de geração a geração.

  1. Branchio-oto-renal syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalil, Jawad; Basheer, Faisal; Shafique, Mobeen

    2014-05-01

    The association of branchial arch anomalies (branchial cysts, branchial fistulas), hearing loss and renal anomalies constitutes the branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome also known as Melnick Fraser syndrome. We present a case of this rare disorder in a girl child who presented with profound deafness, preauricular pits, branchial sinuses and renal hypoplasia.

  2. Drug-induced renal disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, J R

    1979-11-01

    The clinical manifestations of drug-induced renal disease may include all the manifestations attributed to natural or spontaneous renal diseases such as acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, acute nephritic syndrome, renal colic, haematuria, selective tubular defects, obstructive nephropathy, etc. It is therefore vital in any patient with renal disease whatever the clinical manifestations might be, to obtain a meticulous drug and toxin inventory. Withdrawal of the offending drug may result in amelioration or cure of the renal disorder although in the case of severe renal failure it may be necessary to utilise haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis to tide the patient over the period of acute renal failure. Analgesic nephropathy is an important cause of terminal chronic renal failure and it is therefore vital to make the diagnosis as early as possible. The pathogenesis of some drug-induced renal disorders appears to be immunologically mediated. There are many other pathogenetic mechanisms involved in drug-induced renal disorders and some drugs may under appropriate circumstances be responsible for a variety of different nephrotoxic effects. For example, the sulphonamides have been incriminated in examples of crystalluria, acute interstitial nephritis, acute tubular necrosis, generalised hypersensitivity reactions, polyarteritis nodosa and drug-induced lupus erythematosus.

  3. Management of chronic renal failure.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Zeeuw, D.; Apperloo, AJ; de Jong, P.

    1992-01-01

    There is growing evidence that treatment of patients with renal function impairment will undergo a major shift within the next few years. Along with more or less successful attempts to alleviate the signs and symptoms of reduced renal function, new insights into renal pathophysiology as well as new

  4. Conventional and advanced MR imaging in infantile Refsum disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kılıç, Mustafa; Karlı-Oğuz, Kader; Haliloğlu, Göknur; Topçu, Meral; Wanders, Ronald James; Coşkun, Turgay

    2015-01-01

    We report magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings including diffusion-weighted imaging and proton MR spectroscopy findings in a patient with infantile Refsum disease. The initial diagnosis was made on the basis of history, clinical findings and biochemical studies. Bilateral and symmetrical involvement of the peritrigonal white matter, centrum semiovale, thalami, corpus callosum and corticospinal tracts as assessed by increased T2 signal was highly suggestive of a peroxisomal disorder. Facilitated diffusion was observed in diseased parenchyma. Long echo-time (TE: 270 ms) MRS showed decreased N-acetyl-aspartate/creatine and elevated choline/creatine and lactate; short echo-time MRS (TE: 30 ms) revealed increased myoinositol at 3.56 ppm and lipid peaks at 0.9 and 1.3 ppm. A major contribution to the differential diagnosis came from MR imaging and proton MRS, as discussed in this report.

  5. Infantile refsum disease with enamel defects: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Dorothy; Greenhill, William; Wilson, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to present the case of a 15-year-old female diagnosed with infantile Refsum disease (IRD) that presented with generalized enamel defects in the primary and permanent dentition. IRD is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder characterized by aberrant peroxisome function. IRD patients present with multiple clinical manifestations, including: retinitis pigmentosa; nystagmus; sensorineural hearing loss; mental and developmental delays; neuromotor defects; and cerebral ataxia. Craniofacial abnormalities reported include: high forehead; hypoplastic supraorbital ridges; epicanthal folds; midface hypoplasia; and large anterior fontanelle. At present, there is only one known report of dental anomaly associated with this syndrome. This represents the first known reported case in the pediatric dental literature.

  6. INTERVENCIÓN INTERACTIVA EN LOS PROBLEMAS DE COMPORTAMIENTO INFANTIL

    OpenAIRE

    Ariel Vite Sierra; Javier Nahúm Alfaro Belmont; Areli Dayanth Pérez Pérez; David Miranda García

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del estudio fue examinar la efectividad de una estrategia de intervención con padres, basada en la perspectiva de la interacción social, a fin de disminuir los problemas de comportamiento infantil. Los participantes fueron 15 niños (11 niños y 4 niñas) con sus respectivas madres; las edades de los niños oscilaron entre los cinco y los ocho años, y el promedio de edad de las madres fue de 27.8 años. Se empleó un diseño experimental de caso único y se utilizaron procedimientos de en...

  7. TDA-H en educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    San Pedro Merinero, Xenia

    2016-01-01

    El tema central del presente Trabajo Fin de Grado gira en torno a la dificultad del TDA-H (Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad) en niños pertenecientes a la etapa de Educación Infantil. He decidido abordar el estudio de esta dificultad por el impacto académico y social que está cobrando en los últimos años, así como por las controversias que giran en torno a él. La finalidad de esta propuesta es centrarnos en cómo trabajar con niños que presentan este trastorno, tanto en el ...

  8. Estenosis hipertrófica pilórica infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Aymerich Bolaños

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La estenosis hipertrófica infantil representa la condición más común que requiere resolución quirúrgica en la infancia temprana. La función y motilidad del píloro está guiada por distintos sistemas que involucran sistema nervioso entérico, hormonas gastrointestinales y las células intersticiales de Cajal, es así como distintos factores que afecten dichos componentes se ven involucrados en las distintas hipótesis de la fisiopatogenia de la enfermedad. El diagnóstico se basa clásicamente en historia clínica, examen físico y estudios de imágenes. El manejo ha sido clásicamente quirúrgico, mediante la piloromiotomía de Ramstedt, sin embargo se ha planteado manejo farmacológico mediante sulfato de atropina.

  9. Neuroanatomical, genetic and neurochemical aspects of infantile autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhant, Aneta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Infantile autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in communication, reciprocal social interaction and restricted repetitive behaviors or interests. Although the cause of these disorders is not yet known, studies strongly suggest a genetic basis with a complex mode of inheritance. The etiopathogenetic processes of autism are extremely complex, which is reflected in the varying course and its symptomatology. Trajectories of brain development and volumes of its structures are aberrant in autistic patients. It is suggested that disturbances in sertotoninergic, gabaergic, glutaminergic, cholinergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission can be responsible for symptoms of autism as well as can disturb the development of the young brain. The objective of this article is to present the results of reasearch on neuroanatomical, neurochemical and genetic aspects of autism.

  10. Estrategias de aprendizaje en recepción infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Eugenia Aguilar González

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo replantea la actual delimitación conceptual de la recepción activa, utilizada por la educación para la recepción y la teoría de la recepción. Esta propuesta surge de los hallazgos empíricos del trabajo con dos grupos de niños de distintas clases sociales. Analiza la especificidad de la recepción activa infantil a partir de la naturaleza de los programas televisivos; se encuentra que la recepción se centra en dos esferas: la construcción de sentido denotativo y el simbólico.

  11. Infantile-onset saccade initiation delay (congenital ocular motor apraxia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman, Michael S

    2015-05-01

    Infantile-onset saccade initiation delay, also known as congenital ocular motor apraxia, typically presents in early infancy with horizontal head thrusts once head control is achieved. Defective initiation of horizontal saccades and saccade hypometria with normal saccadic velocity are characteristic findings. Isolated impairment of vertical saccades is rare. Impaired smooth ocular pursuit may be seen. Other relatively common features include developmental delay, hypotonia, ataxia, or clumsiness. Brain MRI may be normal or show a diverse range of abnormalities, most commonly involving the cerebellum. Defective slow phases of the optokinetic response are commonly associated with brain MRI abnormalities. Isolated defect of vertical saccade initiation may indicate supratentorial brain abnormalities on MRI. Joubert syndrome, a developmental midbrain-hindbrain malformation, and ataxia telangiectasia are both commonly associated with defective volitional and reflexive saccade initiation, saccade hypometria, and head thrusts. Both horizontal and vertical saccades are impaired in these two disorders.

  12. El dibujo infantil en el psicodiagnóstico escolar

    OpenAIRE

    María Teresa GONZÁLEZ MARTÍNEZ

    2009-01-01

    En el estudio y evaluación del comportamiento infantil, tienen un especial interés aquellas formas de conducta llamadas libres o espontáneas. Se les llama así porque a través de ellas el niño se expresa tal como es, sin obstáculos que le impidan la libre manifestación de su personalidad. El dibujo, juntamente con el juego, es, sin duda, una de las formas de expresión en la que las reacciones espontáneas del niño se manifiestan con mayor facilidad, sobre todo en las primeras etapas de la infan...

  13. El dibujo infantil en el psicodiagnóstico escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa GONZÁLEZ MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio y evaluación del comportamiento infantil, tienen un especial interés aquellas formas de conducta llamadas libres o espontáneas. Se les llama así porque a través de ellas el niño se expresa tal como es, sin obstáculos que le impidan la libre manifestación de su personalidad. El dibujo, juntamente con el juego, es, sin duda, una de las formas de expresión en la que las reacciones espontáneas del niño se manifiestan con mayor facilidad, sobre todo en las primeras etapas de la infancia.

  14. Molecular basis of infantile reversible cytochrome c oxidase deficiency myopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvath, Rita; Kemp, John P; Tuppen, Helen A L; Hudson, Gavin; Oldfors, Anders; Marie, Suely K N; Moslemi, Ali-Reza; Servidei, Serenella; Holme, Elisabeth; Shanske, Sara; Kollberg, Gittan; Jayakar, Parul; Pyle, Angela; Marks, Harold M; Holinski-Feder, Elke; Scavina, Mena; Walter, Maggie C; Coku, Jorida; Günther-Scholz, Andrea; Smith, Paul M; McFarland, Robert; Chrzanowska-Lightowlers, Zofia M A; Lightowlers, Robert N; Hirano, Michio; Lochmüller, Hanns; Taylor, Robert W; Chinnery, Patrick F; Tulinius, Mar; DiMauro, Salvatore

    2009-11-01

    Childhood-onset mitochondrial encephalomyopathies are usually severe, relentlessly progressive conditions that have a fatal outcome. However, a puzzling infantile disorder, long known as 'benign cytochrome c oxidase deficiency myopathy' is an exception because it shows spontaneous recovery if infants survive the first months of life. Current investigations cannot distinguish those with a good prognosis from those with terminal disease, making it very difficult to decide when to continue intensive supportive care. Here we define the principal molecular basis of the disorder by identifying a maternally inherited, homoplasmic m.14674T>C mt-tRNA(Glu) mutation in 17 patients from 12 families. Our results provide functional evidence for the pathogenicity of the mutation and show that tissue-specific mechanisms downstream of tRNA(Glu) may explain the spontaneous recovery. This study provides the rationale for a simple genetic test to identify infants with mitochondrial myopathy and good prognosis.

  15. Maltrato infantil: normatividad y psicología forense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo A. Hernández M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo documental, de carácter pedagógico, está dirigido a profesionales que trabajen con casos de maltrato infantil. Introduce al lector sobre la normatividad y las instituciones que se encargan de la protección y atención al menor maltratado, además de los instrumentos de evaluación psicológica forense utilizados. Se presenta el aporte de la psicología jurídica para probar el daño psicológico. Finalmente, se propone como plan de acción recurrir a mecanismos alternativos, menos punitivos, concretamente a los mecanismos de la justicia restaurativa.

  16. [The infantile sexual seduction: revolution and aftermath of Freud's theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, Gustavo C

    2014-01-01

    There is no question about the negative effects of child sexual abuse. Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years. His contribution consisted in the discovery of specific events, prior to puberty, which were indispensable to the formation of psychoneuroses. If an adult patient recalled an infantile sexual experience, Freud assumed the interference of a pervert: a child was sexually innocent unless it had been traumatized. But Freud's technique of clinical exploration had not attained adequate reliability and was not immune to prejudices. Freud himself dropped his mechanical, static theory that presupposed a single type of accidentally occurring trauma prior to puberty, allowing him to develop his new drive and fantasy theory.

  17. O protagonismo infantil e suas interfaces com a realidade santarena

    OpenAIRE

    Wanildo Figueiredo de Sousa

    2010-01-01

    A história da infância em Santarém compreende os vários contextos, desde a vivência de celebridades que fazem a história de nossa gente, até apanhados escritos de autores que se dedicaram e se dedicam em defesa aos direitos da criança. O olhar de Philippe Ariès, em sua obra Historia social da criança e da família, fez-nos aprofundar nos relatos medievais e modernos da população infantil, nas várias formas do ser criança, no desrespeito e preconceito que a cercava. Maria Luiz...

  18. Tomasello y Stern: Dos perspectivas actuales incluyentes del Desarrollo Infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mata Isabel López

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo ilustrar dos perspectivas actuales del desarrollo infantil incluyentes más que excluyentes -Michael Tomasello (cognitivo y Daniel Stern (social-subjetivo-, en cuanto a que integran a su explicación los descubrimientos de las capacidades tempranas del bebé -realizados a partir de 1970/80- y, sin renunciar al paradigma teórico particular del que provienen, reconocen junto a estas competencias tempranas el rol fundamental de los diversos factores intervinientes en el desarrollo -lo innato y lo ambiental (social y cultural-, los diferentes métodos de investigación y las limitaciones de una mirada reduccionista. Además, postulan que se hace necesaria la conversación entre las diferentes perspectivas teóricas, para lograr una descripción del infante como una unidad.

  19. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy: neuroradiological studies in 11 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farina, L.; Bruzzone, M.G.; D`Incerti, L.; Savoiardo, M. [Department of Neuroradiology, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy); Nardocci, N.; Zorzi, G. [Department of Child Neurology, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy); Verga, L.; Morbin, M. [Department of Neuropathology, Istituto Nazionale, Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy)

    1999-05-01

    We report the imaging findings in 11 patients with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. Ten patients underwent 15 MRI examinations; one patient had only CT. Of the ten patients who underwent MRI, eight had cerebellar atrophy and mildly increased signal from the cerebellar cortex on T2-weighted images. With T2 weighting there was slightly increased signal from the dentate nuclei in two patients and from the posterior periventricular white matter in three. We saw four patients with a thin optic chiasm. The only two brothers in the series had markedly low signal from the globus pallidus and substantia nigra on 1.5 T T2-weighted images, as seen in Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD). Abnormalities of the globus pallidus may be related to a protracted course of the disease. However, an overlap with HSD should be considered. (orig.) With 3 figs., 1 tab., 28 refs.

  20. Case of infantile onset spinocerebellar ataxia type 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Francois-Dominique; Ho, Eugenia S; Martinez-Ojeda, Mayra; Darras, Basil T; Khwaja, Omar S

    2013-10-01

    Dominant spinocerebellar ataxias are a rare clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. They are characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia resulting in unsteady gait, clumsiness, dysarthria, and swallowing difficulty. The onset of symptoms is usually in the third or fourth decade of life; however, more subtle clinical manifestations can start in early childhood. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 5, a dominant spinocerebellar ataxia associated with mutations involving β-III spectrin (SPTBN2), has been described in 3 families. It typically consists of a slowly progressive spinocerebellar ataxia with onset in the third decade. The authors present the first case of infantile-onset spinocerebellar ataxia associated with a novel SPTBN2 mutation (transition C>T at nucleotide position 1438), the proband having a much more severe phenotype with global developmental delay, hypotonia, tremor, nystagmus, and facial myokymia.

  1. Infantile tremor syndrome: Role of Vitamin B12 revisited

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    Rajesh Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the role of Vitamin B12 as an etiological factor in patients of infantile tremor syndrome (ITS. Methods: Twelve consecutive admissions of children diagnosed clinically as ITS were assessed. Assessment was done using a predefined pro forma to document patient demographic factors, general examination, systemic examination as well as relevant hematological and biochemical investigations. Results: Out of the 12 cases of ITS, 6 were males and 6 were females. Two cases had serum B12 levels below reference values, five had levels in low normal range, and remaining five had normal values. Conclusions: Role of Vitamin B12 deficiency as an etiological factor in the patients of ITS is inconclusive.

  2. La TDT: El gran contenedor infantil del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores MORENO RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Los expertos en edu-comunicación apuestan por la tematización que favorece la proliferación de canales infantiles al amparo de las nuevas frecuencias disponibles a través de la TDT. Reconocen, asimismo, la interactividad como un valor añadido aplicable a la producción televisiva infantil en tanto que elemento clave en la estimulación de la creatividad y recepción participativa por parte del niño. En cambio, los especialistas rechazan los sistemas de control parental por resultar ineficaces y evidenciar la insuficiente implicación de las familias en la educación televisiva de sus hijos. Así lo revela la investigación de la que damos cuenta en este artículo y que ha sido desarrollada mediante la configuración de un panel de treinta expertos que se han pronunciado sobre la TDT, sus nuevos usos y servicios de aplicación en la programación infantil. La obtención de información se ha llevado a cabo mediante la aplicación del Método Delphi lo que ha permitido la aportación deslocalizada y asincrónica de expertos procedentes de distintas áreas geográficas y científicas. Siendo de este modo que hemos reunido la opinión de especialistas en pedagogía, didáctica, periodismo, televisión educativa y televisión infantil, así como de representantes de observatorios audiovisuales, consejos, revistas especializadas, y asociaciones de consumidores.ABSTRACT: Experts in edu-communication are in favour of the thematic specialization that encourages the proliferation of children’s channels under the protection of the new frequencies available through DTTV. They also recognize the interactivity available as a value added applicable to children’s television production as a key element in the stimulation of children’s creativity and participatory reception. However, the specialists reject the systems of parental control because they are ineffective and demonstrate the insufficient involvement of the families in the televised

  3. Epidemiologia del parasitismo intestinal infantil en el Valle del Guadalquivir

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Armengol Cristina; Ariza Astolfi Concepción; Úbeda Ontiveros José M.; Guevara Benítez Diego C.; Rojas Alvarez Manuel de; Lozano Serrano Carmen

    1997-01-01

    FUNDAMENTO: Las parasitosis intestinales en los niños constituyen un problema de salud pública que debe ser valorado periódicamente en cada región. En este trabajo se aborda, por primera vez en la región natural del Valle del Guadalquivir, un estudio amplio sobre la prevalencia del parasitismo intestinal en la población infantil de la zona. MÉTODOS: Durante el período 1994-1996, mediante análisis coprológico y método de Graham, se ha estudiado a 1.917 niños y niñas asintomáticos, con edades c...

  4. Intrauterine nicotine exposure, birth weight, gestational age and the risk of infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Søndergaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background and aim: Infantile colic is characterised by crying bouts in a healthy infant during the first months. Smoking in pregnancy and low birth weight (BW) have been previously identified as risk factors for infantile colic. Nicotine acts as a neurotransmitter and is known to affect the intr......Background and aim: Infantile colic is characterised by crying bouts in a healthy infant during the first months. Smoking in pregnancy and low birth weight (BW) have been previously identified as risk factors for infantile colic. Nicotine acts as a neurotransmitter and is known to affect...... the intrauterine central nervous system development, while low BW and premature birth have both been related to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. We investigated the association between intrauterine nicotine exposure, BW, gestational age (GA) and infantile colic in a large cohort study. Materials and methods......: We used data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. The study on nicotine exposure included 63,128 infants and the study on BW and GA included 62, 785 infants with complete data. Infantile colic was defined according to the modified Wessel’s criteria based on maternal interview 6 months postpartum...

  5. Victimología infantil Victimology in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Millán

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la victimología infantil, y la preocupación general que ha despertado la violencia que sufren los niños y niñas, se viene desarrollando desde fechas muy recientes. Primero se despertó el interés por las situaciones de malos tratos que padecían los niños, poco a poco, estudios más recientes han ido ampliando los distintos tipos de violencia que sufren los menores desde su estadío prenatal hasta una tardía adolescencia. El presente articulo pretende ofrecer una visión general de cómo a lo largo de la historia, la violencia hacia los niños ha ido adquiriendo importancia, de cuales son las distintas tipologías de la misma, y que estudios de victimización nos han permitido conocer más acerca de esta violencia infantil.The study of victimology in children, and the general worry that has brought attention to the violence that children suffer, comes itself from very early dates. First it rose interest through situations and bad deals that the children suffered. Little by little, studies though recent, have expanded on the different types of violence that the children suffer; everything from their prenatal state to late adolescence. This article intends to offer a general vision of how throughout history violence toward children has acquired importance, to give further insight on the different forms of victimology in children, and to show how studies of victimization have permitted us to know more about this childlike violence.

  6. Literatura infantil na sociedade multimidiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaucia Guimarães

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es la articulación de lenguajes en la literatura infantil en el contexto de la sociedad multimediática. Basado en el análisis crítico del discurso, estudia la relación entre textos de diversos medios, apropiándose de la articulación de diferentes materiales semióticos (o len guajes, en una perspectiva poco ortodoxa. En un intento de alcanzar todas las dimensiones involucradas, este artículo está organizado en cuatro secciones. La primera discute la manera como la literatura puede ser comprendida en el contexto de la convergen cia mediática. La segunda sección expone el potencial analítico del concepto de intertextualidad para observar las relaciones entre los diferentes textos y como ellas se integran a los cambios discursivos y a sociales transnacionales. La tercera sistematiz a las formas en que las lenguas se articulan en la producción de significados, las tendencias discursivas en que este movimiento se inscribe y los efectos de sentido que tienden a ser producidos en la sociedad multimediática, en el análisis de un libro inf antil, titulado Aperte aqui , de Hervé Tullet (2011. El análisis focaliza la relación entrelazada entre el contexto digital, los textos contemporáneos y la producción literaria, en este caso, la literatura infantil. A partir de este análisis se discute el alcance de las nuevas tecnologías en la reconfiguración de la escritura y lectura literarias.

  7. Maltrato infantil y sus consecuencias a largo plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Carolina Alarcón Forero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia intrafamiliar constituye una de las formas más frecuentes de violencia encontradas tanto a nivel nacional como internacional y dentro de estas el maltrato infantil presenta cifras alarmantes, y es el objeto de nuestra revisión. Los efectos de este problema repercuten notablemente en aquellos que sobreviven, ya que las consecuencias a largo plazo del maltrato infantil son más perjudiciales para lasvíctimas y sus familias, y más costoso para la sociedad, que las lesiones agudas inmediatas que puedan producir. Las consecuencias a largo plazo para estos niños varían desde efectos nocivos en su desarrollo hasta trastornos psicológicos, psiquiátricos y orgánicos. Es importante resaltar que aún con muy buenas intervenciones no todas tienen el éxito esperado si no se hacen de manera correcta. Esindispensable contar con estrategias de prevención que incluyan personal bien entrenado, una supervisión adecuada, los recursos necesarios, y un tiempo mínimo óptimo para enfrentar el problema y obtener los mejores resultados. ______________________________________________________________________Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence found both domestically and internationally. Within these, child abuse has alarming figures. This is the subject of this review. The effects of this problem significantly impact on those who survive; their long-term consequences are most severe and expensive for victimized child and his/her family than associated primary physical injuries. Thelong-term consequences for these children range from adverse effects on its psycholigical development to psychological, psychiatric organic disoders. It is important to note that good speeches are not enough to achieve success if any intervention are not done correctly. All prevention strategies include well-trained staff, appropriate supervision, resources, and a optimal time for addressing this problem to get the best results.

  8. Reflexiones etnográficas sobre el ocio infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Leyra Fatou

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo revisa y amplía parte de los resultados de un estudio realizado sobre el ocio infantil en la Comunidad de Madrid (España (Gaitán, Domínguez, Bárcenas y Leyra, 2011, tratando de analizar el concepto de ocio, como proceso educativo, que de manera transversal enlaza diferentes elementos de la vida cotidiana de niños y niñas. Asimismo, a través de estas páginas se examinarán los diferentes discursos, comportamientos y percepciones que tienen respecto al ocio tanto los niños y niñas como las personas adultas que participaron en la investigación. Se tratará de hacer un recorrido por la propia concepción del ocio infantil así como del tiempo libre, y de los usos y prácticas diferenciadas en distintos grupos de niños y niñas, analizando cómo el ocio forma parte de la educación formal y no formal, llevando consigo elementos transversales de género y edad. Para este estudio se contó con un “grupo junior” de investigación, compuesto por niños y niñas que realizaron reflexiones y aportaciones tanto a lo largo del proceso etnográfico como sobre los resultados obtenidos, fortaleciendo el propio enfoque de “Protagonismo Infantil” y de “Co-investigación de niños y niñas”.

  9. COMPASIÓN EN LAS PELÍCULAS ANIMADAS INFANTILES

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    María Leticia Flores Palacios

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las películas animadas infantiles pueden contribuir al desarrollo de la capacidad humana de sentir y manifestar emociones, de acuerdo a la postura de Nussbaum (2001a. En este trabajo se analiza la emoción de la compasión en dos películas animadas infantiles de la compañía Disney Pixar: Toy Story de 1995 y Up de 2009. Se enfatiza una postura cognitivaevaluativa sobre las emociones, la cual afirma que la manifestación emocional se basa en creencias o presupuestos que los humanos construyen sobre lo que los rodea. Esta postura admite que las emociones pueden ser aprendidas y por lo tanto es posible pensar que los medios de comunicación participan en este aprendizaje. Para el análisis se identificaron los contenidos donde estuviera presente la compasión y se analizó con la ayuda de un modelo aquí propuesto, que conjunta la secuencia motivadora de Monroe y Enhinger (1969 y los juicios cognitivos de Aristóteles (2002, revisados por Nussbaum (2001a. El análisis de las películas muestra que la compasión se manifiesta en palabras, acciones y expresiones faciales de los personajes. Es posible que el niño espectador aprenda a través de los ejemplos mostrados cuál es la adecuada manifestación de esta emoción y la manera de reaccionar, como por ejemplo brindar palabras de consuelo a quien sufre. Sin embargo es necesario propiciar en los niños una actitud crítica que les permita identificar sesgos o reacciones inadecuadas, de manera que lo observado proporcione elementos valiosos para su relación con los demás y para su propio desarrollo emocional.

  10. Pathophysiology of infantile pulmonary arterial hypertension induced by monocrotaline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias-Neto, Marina; Luísa-Neves, Ana; Pinho, Sónia; Gonçalves, Nádia; Mendes, Maria; Eloy, Catarina; Lopes, José M; Gonçalves, Daniel; Ferreira-Pinto, Manuel; Leite-Moreira, Adelino F; Henriques-Coelho, Tiago

    2015-06-01

    Pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) presents certain specific features. In this specific age group, experimental models to study the pathophysiology of PAH are lacking. To characterize hemodynamic, morphometric, and histological progression as well as the expression of neurohumoral factors and regulators of cardiac transcription in an infantile model of PAH induced by monocrotaline (MCT), eight-day-old Wistar rats were randomly injected with MCT (30 mg/kg, sc, n = 95) or equal volume of saline solution (n = 92). Animals were instrumented for biventricular hemodynamic recording 7, 14, and 21 days after MCT, whereas samples were collected at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 days after MCT. Different time point postinjections were defined for further analysis. Hearts and lungs were collected for morphometric characterization, assessment of right- and left-ventricle (RV and LV) cardiomyocyte diameter and collagen type-I and type-III ratio, RV collagen volume fraction, and pulmonary vessels wall thickness. mRNA quantification was undertaken for brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and for cardiac transcription regulators (HOP and Islet1). Animals treated with MCT at the 8th day of life presented RV hypertrophy since day 14 after MCT injection. There were no differences on the RV collagen volume fraction or collagen type-I and type-III ratio. Pulmonary vascular remodelling and PAH were present on day 21, which were accompanied by an increased expression of BNP, ET-1, HOP, and Islet1. The infantile model of MCT-induced PAH can be useful for the study of its pathophysiology and to test new therapeutic targets in pediatric age group.

  11. Factors Influencing the Surgical Success in Patients with Infantile Esotropia

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    Fatma Gül Yılmaz Çınar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the factors that influence the surgical success in patients with infantile esotropia and to evaluate the relationship between amount of bilateral medial rectus recession and convergence. Material and Method: We retrospectively investigated the records of 188 patients with infantile esotropia who were operated on. The surgical success rate, the factors that influence the surgical success, and the relationship between amount of bilateral medial rectus recession and convergence deficiency were evaluated. Successful outcome was defined as deviation amount lower than 10 prism diopters postoperatively. Results: The mean age of the 188 patients included in the study at presentation was 54.9±56.8 (5-276 months, and the mean surgical age was 60.7±54.8 (7-276 months. Success was provided in 70.7% of patients after the first surgery and in 86.7% of patients after repeated surgeries. It was seen that gender, surgical age, refractive error, surgical procedure and the presence of fusion before surgery did not affect surgical success. Residual esotropia was found more frequently in patients with large-angle preoperative deviation, whilst both residual esotropia and consecutive exotropia were found more frequently in patients with amblyopia. It was observed that augmented bilateral medial rectus recession did not cause an increase in postoperative convergence deficiency. Discussion: Since the presence of amblyopia affects the surgical success negatively, it must be identified and treated preoperative. Residual esotropia is more frequently seen in patients with large-angle deviation preoperative, and more than one surgery may be required to provide orthophoria. In these cases, augmented bilateral medial rectus recession is a safe and effective method that rescues the patient from repeated surgeries and may be preferred to three-or four-muscle surgeries. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 413-8

  12. O brinquedo na educação infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaura Francisca de Oliveira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A utilização do brinquedo ao longo da historia da humanidade tem servido a diferentes propósitos. Desde seu uso em adoração aos deuses, descontração, significado de ócio e também como fator educativo. Este último fator tem sido aceito no meio pedagógico como ferramenta educativa e facilitadora da aprendizagem. Para a fundamentação deste trabalho de pesquisa recorremos às contribuições de alguns teóricos que descreve sobre o assunto, dentre eles podemos destacar, Paulo Nunes de Almeida, Antonio Gomes Gil, Platão, Elizabth Salgado, Nelson Spector, José Luiz Straub, Gilles Brougère, Vigotsky, Bíblia Sagrada (Mateus Capitulo 19 versículo 13-15. Foi utilizado uma abordagem qualitativa e estudo de caso, através de entrevista semi-estruturada e da observação participante. A análise foi feita em uma creche municipal de educação infantil no ano de 2010 em Sinop-MT, onde é apresentado o dia a dia das crianças a forma com que são utilizados os brinquedos e a função das brincadeiras naquele contexto, como são confeccionados e como os mesmos contribuem para o aprendizado, socialização e crescimento dos alunos ali inseridos.Palavras-chave: brinquedo; educação infantil.

  13. Los derechos humanos en el currículum de Educación Infantil. Los comportamientos agresivos en el aula de educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo constituye una investigación de tipo documental que tiene como objetivo principal analizar la importancia del abandono adecuado de la agresividad en la Etapa de la Educación Infantil y la posterior adquisición de las distintas habilidades sociales.La temática del tema se enmarca en los derechos humanos dentro del currículum de educación infantil, por ello, figura un breve análisis de lo que han sido y han constituido los derechos humanos a lo largo de la historia, cuándo y...

  14. Los derechos humanos en el currículum de Educación Infantil. Los comportamientos agresivos en el aula de educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Moro Martín, Lucía

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo constituye una investigación de tipo documental que tiene como objetivo principal analizar la importancia del abandono adecuado de la agresividad en la Etapa de la Educación Infantil y la posterior adquisición de las distintas habilidades sociales.La temática del tema se enmarca en los derechos humanos dentro del currículum de educación infantil, por ello, figura un breve análisis de lo que han sido y han constituido los derechos humanos a lo largo de la historia, cuándo y...

  15. [Hypertension and renal disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamper, A.L.; Pedersen, E.B.; Strandgaard, S.

    2009-01-01

    hypertension. Mild degrees of chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be detected in around 10% of the population, and detection is important as CKD is an important risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Conversely, heart failure may cause an impairment of renal function. In chronic progressive...

  16. Insuficiencia renal aguda.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Hernán Mejía

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia renal aguda se diagnostica aproximadamente en 5% de los pacientes hospitalizados. Sus principales causas se relacionan con la alteración del flujo sanguíneo renal, sea por depleción de volumen, baja perfusión renal o por distribución intrarrenal inadecuada y obstrucción del árbol urinario. El diagnóstico parte de la historia clínica y un buen examen físico que corrobore el estado de volemia del paciente y se complementa con el uso adecuado de los índices urinarios (excreción de sodio y osmolaridad, el uroanálisis y la ecografía renal. Su tratamiento consiste en una adecuada recuperación del volumen, manejo de los diuréticos, soporte nutricional, conservación del equilibrio hidroelectrolítico y brindar terapia de diálisis si hay toxicidad urémica, hipercaliemia severa (>6.5 mEq/l, acidosis metabólica o sobrecarga severa de volumen.

  17. Management of Renal Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nalbant, Ismail; Can Sener, Nevzat; Firat, Hacer; Yeşil, Süleyman; Zengin, Kürşad; Yalcınkaya, Fatih; Imamoglu, Abdurrahim

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Renal cysts have a high prevalence in the general population, and their estimated incidence increases with age. Renal cyst aspiration (usually with sclerotherapy) or open/laparoscopic decortication is a generally effective and safe method in the treatment of symptomatic simple renal cysts. The success rates of laparoscopic decortication and percutaneous aspiration-sclerotherapy were compared to assist in the decision making for the procedure. Methods: A total of 184 patients with symptomatic simple renal cysts were treated with either laparoscopic decortication in 149 cases or percutaneous aspiration-sclerotherapy in 35 cases. The follow-up period was approximately 35 months, and the symptomatic and radiologic success rates of the 2 techniques were compared retrospectively. Results: Laparoscopic decortication was found to have high success rates, a low recurrence rate, and minimal morbidity. Percutaneous aspiration-sclerotherapy is an outpatient procedure with a minimally higher recurrence rate. Conclusion: When a symptomatic cyst is encountered and treatment of the cyst is indicated, laparoscopic decortication is a more efficient method that offers better results than percutaneous aspiration-sclerotherapy. PMID:25848184

  18. Rupture of Renal Transplant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shona Baker

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Rupture of renal allograft is a rare and serious complication of transplantation that is usually attributed to acute rejection, acute tubular necrosis, or renal vein thrombosis. Case Presentation. LD, a 26-year-old male with established renal failure, underwent deceased donor transplantation using kidney from a 50-year-old donor with acute kidney injury (Cr 430 mmol/L. LD had a stormy posttransplant recovery and required exploration immediately for significant bleeding. On day three after transplant, he developed pain/graft swelling and another significant haemorrhage with cardiovascular compromise which did not respond to aggressive resuscitation. At reexploration, the renal allograft was found to have a longitudinal rupture and was removed. Histology showed features of type IIa Banff 97 acute vascular rejection, moderate arteriosclerosis, and acute tubular necrosis. Conclusion. Possible ways of avoiding allograft rupture include use of well-matched, good quality kidneys; reducing or managing risk factors that would predispose to delayed graft function; ensuring a technically satisfactory transplant procedure with short cold and warm ischemia times; and avoiding large donor-recipient age gradients.

  19. Primary renal graft thrombosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakir, N; Sluiter, WJ; Ploeg, RJ; van Son, WJ; Tegzess, Adam

    1996-01-01

    Background. Renal allograft thrombosis is a serious complication of kidney transplantation that ultimately leads to graft loss. Its association with acute and hyperacute rejection is well documented; however, in a large proportion of patients the precise cause remains obscure. The exact incidence an

  20. Literatura infantil y juvenil en Extremadura / Infantile and juvenile literatura in Extremadura (Guide of authors and athoresses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Jiménez Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto del profesor Jiménez Sánchez es la experiencia viva del docente comprometido con los alumnos y respira la frescura del trabajo realizado desde la interacción que solo se consigue en el aula. Su dedicación y sacrificio a fomentar la lectura entre los lectores en formación a través de la literatura infantil le llevó a documentar y testimoniar las huellas literarias contemporáneas en una Extremadura en la que no se ha prestado la suficiente atención a sus autores y obras, en gran medida relegadas a ediciones muy limitadas y de escasa difusión.

  1. ``Aggressive`` renal angiomyolipoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cittadini, G. Jr. [Univ. of Genoa (Italy). Dept. of Radiology; Pozzi Mucelli, F. [Univ. of Trieste (Italy). Dept. of Radiology; Danza, F.M. [Catholic Sacro Cuore Univ., Rome (Italy). Dept. of Radiology; Derchi, L.E. [Univ. of Genoa (Italy). Dept. of Radiology; Pozzi Mucelli, R.S. [Univ. of Trieste (Italy). Dept. of Radiology

    1996-11-01

    We describe the US and CT examinations of 4 patients with renal angiomyolipoma with an `aggressive` appearance, and review the literature. The imaging findings in 4 patients with benign renal angiomyolipomas associated with thrombosis of the renal vein and/or inferior vena cava are presented. CT demonstrated fat densities within both tumor and thrombus. In one patient, small lymph nodes with low density internal areas were detected in the para-aortic region. When considering our patients together with those reported in the literature, we found that most angiomyolipomas with venous invasion were large and centrally located within the kidney. Venous thrombosis was observed in 9 lesions of the right kidney, and in only 4 of the left one. One patient only had symptoms due to the thrombus; 10 had problems due to the tumor; and 3 were asymptomatic. Only 4 patients with pararenal enlarged lymph nodes have been reported on in the imaging literature. Fat-containing nodes were detected by CT in one case only; the others had enlarged nodes of soft-tissue density. In one patient the diagnosis of hamartomatous lymph node invasion was established by angiography. In patients with renal angiomyolipoma, demonstration of both fatty thrombus and the fatty infiltration of lymph nodes of the renal hilum cannot be regarded as an indication of malignancy, but only of local aggessive behavior. Conservative treatment seems possible. Detection of enlarged lymph nodes of soft tissue density may cause difficult diagnostic problems, with the diagnosis addressed only by the presence of associated lesions. (orig./MG).

  2. Chronic renal disease in pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramin, Susan M; Vidaeff, Alex C; Yeomans, Edward R; Gilstrap, Larry C

    2006-12-01

    The purpose of this review was to examine the impact of varying degrees of renal insufficiency on pregnancy outcome in women with chronic renal disease. Our search of the literature did not reveal any randomized clinical trials or meta-analyses. The available information is derived from opinion, reviews, retrospective series, and limited observational series. It appears that chronic renal disease in pregnancy is uncommon, occurring in 0.03-0.12% of all pregnancies from two U.S. population-based and registry studies. Maternal complications associated with chronic renal disease include preeclampsia, worsening renal function, preterm delivery, anemia, chronic hypertension, and cesarean delivery. The live birth rate in women with chronic renal disease ranges between 64% and 98% depending on the severity of renal insufficiency and presence of hypertension. Significant proteinuria may be an indicator of underlying renal insufficiency. Management of pregnant women with underlying renal disease should ideally entail a multidisciplinary approach at a tertiary center and include a maternal-fetal medicine specialist and a nephrologist. Such women should receive counseling regarding the pregnancy outcomes in association with maternal chronic renal disease and the effect of pregnancy on renal function, especially within the ensuing 5 years postpartum. These women will require frequent visits and monitoring of renal function during pregnancy. Women whose renal disease is further complicated by hypertension should be counseled regarding the increased risk of adverse outcome and need for blood pressure control. Some antihypertensives, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers, should be avoided during pregnancy, if possible, because of the potential for both teratogenic (hypocalvaria) and fetal effects (renal failure, oliguria, and demise).

  3. CUTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE AND RENAL TRANSPLANTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Suganya Gnanadeepam

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The kidney and the skin are the two large networks of the body with abundant blood supply associated with various cutaneous manifestations. This study aims to detect the various cutaneous manifestations and its incidence in patients with chronic renal failure and renal transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was done for a period of 1 year from January 2016 to December 2016 at Nephrology OPD ward and Medicine wards, Government KAPV Medical College Hospital, Trichy. During this period, 100 patients who had the presence of skin manifestations were selected and studied (80 renal failure patients and 20 renal transplantation patients. RESULTS Most of the specific cutaneous manifestations of chronic renal failure and renal transplantation were noted in this study. Pruritus and xerosis were the most common manifestations noted in chronic renal failure while infections was commonly noted in renal transplantation patients. CONCLUSION Pruritus and xerosis were the most common among the specific cutaneous manifestations in chronic renal failure followed by nail abnormalities and pigmentary changes. Cutaneous manifestations of renal transplantation were mostly due to infections of which fungal infection is the most common followed by viral infection.

  4. Transarterial embolization for serious renal hemorrhage following renal biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Dan; Liu, Guihua; Sun, Xiangzhou; Zhuang, Wenquan; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Guo, Wenbo; Yang, Jianyong; Chen, Wei

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous transarterial embolization for the treatment of serious renal hemorrhage after renal biopsy. Nine patients with renal hemorrhage had frank pain and gross hematuria as main symptoms after renal biopsy. Intrarenal arterial injuries and perinephric hematoma were confirmed by angiography in all cases. The arterial injuries led to two types of renal hemorrhage, Type I: severe renal injure or intrarenal renal artery rupture (n=5), with contrast medium spilling out of the artery and spreading into renal pelvis or kidney capsule in angiography; Type II, pseudo aneurysm or potential risk of intrarenal artery injure (n=4), where contrast medium that spilled out of intraartery was retained in the parenchyma as little spots less than 5 mm in diameter in angiography. Transcatheter superselective intrarenal artery embolization was performed with coils or microcoils (Type I intrarenal artery injure) and polyvinyl alcohol particles (Type II injure). The intrarenal arterial injuries were occluded successfully in all patients. Light or mild back or abdominal pain in the side of the embolized kidney was found in three patients following embolization procedures and disappeared 3 days later. Serum creatinine and perinephric hematoma were stable, and gross hematuresis stopped immediately (n=4) or 3-5 days (n=3) after embolization. In conclusions, transcatheter superselective intrarenal artery embolization as a minimally invasive therapy is safe and effective for treatment of serious renal hemorrhage following percutaneous renal biopsy.

  5. [COMPARISON OF FREE CARNITINE LEVELS WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN INFANTILE NEPHROPATHYC CISTINOSIS PATIENTS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillén-López, Sara; Ibarra-González, Isabel; Belmont Martínez, Leticia; Juárez-Cruz, Merit Valeria; Vela-Amieva, Marcela

    2015-12-01

    Introducción: la cistinosis nefropática infantil (CNI) es una enfermedad genética debida a un defecto del transporte de la cistina, con la subsecuente acumulación de este aminoácido predominantemente en el riñón. Existen pocos estudios sobre la evaluación del estado nutricional en pacientes con esta patología, pero se sabe que tienen una excreción de carnitina urinaria aumentada, lo que puede dar como resultado una deficiencia plasmática y muscular de este compuesto; sin embargo, la suplementación de carnitina en CNI es controversial. Objetivo: comparar la concentración sanguínea de carnitina libre (C0) con el estado nutricional de una cohorte de pacientes con CNI. Material y métodos: evaluación antropométrica mediante la medición de peso, talla, perímetro braquial (PB) y pliegue cutáneo tricipital (PCT). La C0 se cuantificó mediante espectrometría de masas en tándem en muestras de sangre en ayuno. Resultados: se analizaron 10 pacientes con CNI, 5 con y 5 sin trasplante renal. De acuerdo con el IMC, 3/10 presentaron desnutrición. La reserva de masa magra se encontró baja en 8/10 pacientes (3 no trasplantados y todos los trasplantados). El PB mostró correlación con las concentraciones sanguíneas de C0 (r2 = 0,353); Los pacientes no trasplantados tuvieron niveles de C0 significativamente más bajos que los trasplantados (Chi2 = 0,0027). Conclusión: en esta población de pacientes con CNI se encontró un 70% de sujetos con C0 baja, que se correlaciona con la masa magra disminuida. Es recomendable hacer una evaluación nutricional de rutina que incluya los tres parámetros antropométricos como parte del seguimiento médico-nutricional integral de estos pacientes.

  6. Educação Física na Educação Infantil: uma realidade almejada Physical Education in Infantile Education: a longed-for reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Gentilin Cavalaro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a possibilidade de inserção do professor(a de educação física na educação infantil. Para isso, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa bibliográfica e documental. A partir das categorias: movimento, afetividade e interação ressaltamos a importância deste profissional no processo de aprendizagem e desenvolvimento infantil. Buscou-se, ainda, compreender sua relevância para a primeira infância bem como o papel desta disciplina traduzida em cultura corporal neste âmbito escolar.The objective of this study was to verify the possibility of inserting the teacher of physical education in the infantile education. For that, took place a bibliographical and documental qualitative research. Starting from the categories: movement, affectivity and interaction, we emphasized that professional's importance in the learning process and infantile development. We also searched out to understand his/her relevance for the first childhood as well as the role of this discipline translated in corporal culture in this school extent.

  7. Problemas renales de la cirrosis Renal problems of cirrhosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro García

    1992-02-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos una revisión actualizada y condensada acerca de los problemas renales más relevantes que ocurren en la cirrosis tales como las alteraciones en el manejo del sodio y del agua, el tratamiento de la ascitis y el edema y el enfoque de la falla renal que ocurre en esta enfermedad, es decir síndrome hepato-renal y necrosis tubular aguda.

    We present a condensed and updated review on the most common renal problems occurring in cirrhosis such as the handling of sodium and water, the treatment of ascites and edema and the approach to the renal failure that frequently takes place in this disease, namely hepato-renal syndrome and acute tubular necrosis.

  8. MR imaging findings of renal infarction induced by renal artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jun Woo; Kim, Suck; Kim, Yong Woo; Hu, Jin Sam; Choi, Sang Yoel; Moon, Tae Yong; Lee, Suck Hong; Kim, Byung Su; Lee, Chang Hun [Pusan National Univ., Pusan (Korea, Repulic of). Coll. of Medicine

    1998-02-01

    To assess the usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in evaluating serial parenchymal changes in renal infarction induced by renal artery ligation, by comparing this with the conventional spin echo technique and correlating the results with the histopathological findings. In 22 rabbits, renal infarction was induced by ligation of the renal artery. Spin-echo T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), turbo spin-echo (TSE) T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), and DWI were performed, using a 1.5-T superconductive unit, at 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2,3,6, 12 and 24 hours, and 2, 3, 7 and 20 days after left renal artery ligation. Changes in signal intensity on T1WI, T2WI, and DWI were correlated with histopathologic findings. Diffusion-weighted imaging is useful for the detection of hyperacute renal infarction, and the apparent diffusion coefficient may provide additional information concerning its evolution. (author). 21 refs., 9 figs.

  9. Estabilidad de supositorios de naproxeno para uso infantil y adulto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yania Suárez Pérez

    Full Text Available Introducción : el naproxeno en supositorios para uso infantil y adulto constituye una de las líneas de investigación en desarrollo de la Empresa "Roberto Escudero Díaz". Los estudios de estabilidad son una parte indispensable para el registro de una nueva formulación. Objetivo: determinar la estabilidad de los supositorios de naproxeno para uso infantil y adulto, teniendo en cuenta la estabilidad física y química del analito en las nuevas formulaciones. Métodos: se realizó el estudio de estabilidad para formulaciones en fase de desarrollo de supositorios de naproxeno para uso infantil y adulto, teniendo en cuenta la metodología propuesta por el Centro para el Control Estatal de la Calidad de los Medicamentos (CECMED. Se emplearon para cada dosis evaluada, supositorios de tres lotes pilotos envasados en tiras de aluminio termosellables. Se almacenaron los supositorios a temperatura de refrigeración (2-8 °C y ambiente (30 ± 2 °C durante un año, y se les realizaron muestreos a los 0, 1, 3, 6 y 12 meses de elaborados. Para el análisis de la estabilidad química, se consideraron los resultados del contenido de naproxeno obtenidos por volumetría de neutralización y por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución, así como la determinación de los posibles productos de degradación por cromatografía en capa delgada. Resultados: se demostró la adecuada estabilidad física de los supositorios de ambas dosis, independientemente de la temperatura de almacenamiento durante 12 meses, ya que se mantuvieron inalteradas las características organolépticas y el peso. Aunque el tiempo de liquefacción disminuyó durante el almacenamiento, siempre fue inferior al límite establecido. Con el método por cromatografía líquida de alta resolución, se detectaron pequeños cambios en la concentración de analito, por lo que este método fue superior para el seguimiento de la estabilidad química que la volumetría de neutralización. No se

  10. Renal subcapsular haematoma: an unusual complication of renal artery stenting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Dan; CHEN Shan-wen; ZHANG Hong-kun; WANG Shuo

    2011-01-01

    After successful renal artery angioplasty and stent placement, a patient in a fully anticoagulated state developed hypotension and flank pain. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a large renal subcapsular haematoma which was successfully managed conservatively without embolotherapy and surgical intervention. To prevent hemorrhage after renal artery stenting, it is necessary to underscore the importance of reducing the contrast volume and pressure of angiography, controlling systemic blood pressure, and monitoring guide wire position at all times.

  11. Dopamins renale virkninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1990-01-01

    Dopamine is an endogenic catecholamine which, in addition to being the direct precursor of noradrenaline, has also an effect on peripheral dopaminergic receptors. These are localized mainly in the heart, splanchnic nerves and the kidneys. Dopamine is produced in the kidneys and the renal metaboli...... dialysis unnecessary in a number of patients on account of increased diuresis and natriuresis. The effect of GFR and the significance for the prognosis are not known....

  12. Renal lithiasis and nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Rafel M; Costa-Bauza Antonia; Grases Felix

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Renal lithiasis is a multifactorial disease. An important number of etiologic factors can be adequately modified trough diet, since it must be considered that the urine composition is directly related to diet. In fact, the change of inappropriate habitual diet patterns should be the main measure to prevent kidney stones. In this paper, the relation between different dietary factors (liquid intake, pH, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, phytate, urate and vitamins) and each type of...

  13. Monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil realizado no Brasil La monitoración del desarrollo infantil realizada en Brasil Monitoring of child development held in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Cesar Zeppone

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Revisar a literatura científica para verificar como a vigilância do desenvolvimento infantil vem sendo realizada no Brasil. FONTES DE DADOS: Pesquisa em bases de dados (PubMed, Medline, SciELO e Banco de Teses da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior sobre estudos das práticas médicas em relação à vigilância e ao monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil no Brasil, de 2000 a 2011. Os termos usados para pesquisa foram: vigilância de desenvolvimento infantil, intervenção precoce, triagem de desenvolvimento e testes de triagem de desenvolvimento. Foram encontrados dez textos referentes ao tema em estudo. Artigos originais, de revisão e teses foram revisados, bem como as listas de referências das publicações sobre o assunto. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Os estudos sobre a prática do monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil no Brasil apontam uma importante falha, desde a formação do médico pediatra até a prática clínica, em relação a este tema. CONCLUSÕES: Há necessidade urgente, principalmente frente a uma população emergente de prematuros, que os pediatras façam uma reciclagem do conhecimento sobre o desenvolvimento infantil.OBJETIVO: Revisar la literatura científica para verificar cómo la vigilancia del desarrollo infantil viene siendo realizada en Brasil. FUENTES DE DATOS: Investigación en las bases de datos (Pubmed, Medline, SciELO y Base de Tesis CAPES sobre estudios de las prácticas médicas respecto a la vigilancia y monitoración del desarrollo infantil en Brasil de 2000 a 2011. Los términos usados para la investigación fueron: vigilancia de desarrollo infantil, intervención temprana, screening de desarrollo y pruebas de screening de desarrollo. Se encontraron 10 textos relativos al tema en estudio. Artículos originales, de revisión y tesis fueron revisados, así como las listas de referencias de las publicaciones sobre el tema. SÍNTESIS DE LOS DATOS: Los estudios sobre la pr

  14. Etiología de la hipoacusia infantil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio BENITO-OREJAS

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivo: La hipoacusia neonatal es una de las discapacidades más frecuentes, con importantes consecuencias para el niño y su familia durante toda la vida. El desarrollo del cribado auditivo universal y el avance de la medicina molecular, de la genética y de la neurociencia han perfeccionado el diagnóstico precoz de la hipoacusia infantil y consecuentemente su intervención. Con este trabajo queremos mostrar los aspectos audiológicos y las causas de las hipoacusias permanentes diagnosticadas durante estos últimos 20 años. Método: Revisamos retrospectivamente los registros de los niños diagnosticados con menos de 3 años de edad de hipoacusia permanente, durante el periodo 1994-2015, en un centro de tercer nivel. Evaluamos el momento de inicio, lateralidad, tipo y grado de hipoacusia. En función de los antecedentes, pruebas genéticas y otras exploraciones complementarias, presentamos los resultados de nuestro estudio diagnóstico. Resultados: En la población estudiada (n = 183 un 71% de las hipoacusias permanentes >30 dB HL se diagnosticaron al nacimiento (congénitas. Sus principales características son la bilateralidad (81%, el predominio neurosensorial (85% y el grado profundo (42% o moderado (30%, más prevalente en las formas unilaterales. En cuanto al diagnóstico etiológico, un 47% son de origen genético (29% de los cuales son sindrómicas, un 25% de causa adquirida y un 28% desconocida. Discusión: Nuestros resultados concuerdan con la distribución de causas generalmente aceptada, pero en la literatura existen discrepancias. A pesar de las diferentes pruebas utilizadas, tuvimos que deducir la etiología en un 62% de niños con hipoacusia, siendo finalmente desconocida en un 28%. Conclusiones: Consideramos fundamental el seguimiento de un protocolo de consenso estandarizado que oriente en el proceso diagnóstico de la hipoacusia infantil.

  15. Obesidade infantil: causas e estratégias preventivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Margareth Soares

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo auxiliar a compreensão das causas da obesidade infantil bem como mostrar algumas estratégias simples que podem contribuir na prevenção dessa doença. O caso ‘sobrepeso e obesidade’ é tratado por muitas pessoas sem a devida importância, por entenderem que o mesmo é apenas uma questão estética que não interfere em nada além da saúde física da criança obesa ou sobrepesada, o que é um engano, pois a obesidade e o sobrepeso tem várias causas e uma extensão de problemas, como a hipertensão e o diabetes entre outros, que estão associados direta ou indiretamente a esse mal. A pesquisa foi realizada com crianças de 4 a 5 anos, de uma escola pública e uma privada do município de Sinop - MT, tendo como respaldo metodológico a observação participante utilizando-se de questionários implícitos em diálogos, onde tivemos a oportunidade de compreender alguns aspectos sobre os hábitos alimentares e físicos das mesmas. Os diálogos foram analisados de forma qualitativa, onde munidos do índice de massa corporal, caderno de impressões, podemos constatar que o maior mal que a obesidade causa é o psicológico, pois as crianças sobrepesadas observadas se excluem do convívio social. Aos responsáveis e sociedade em geral cabe a responsabilidade de dar continuidade aos saberes aplicados em sala, estabelecendo hábitos mais saudáveis no ambiente em que vivem.Palavras-chave: educação; educação física e alimentar; obesidade infantil; alunos de 4 e 5 anos.

  16. Desarrollo Infantil Temprano: lecciones de los programas no formales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Eming Young

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo empieza mencionando al aporte de las ciencias al conocimiento del desarrollo humano. Se sintetiza el trabajo de Shonkoff/Phillips sobre el tema, resaltándose la importancia de la experiencia temprana y su interacción con la biología para el desarrollo del cerebro. Posteriormente se incursiona en el Desarrollo Infantil Temprano y su significación en los resultados posteriores del niño, destacando algunos factores que inciden en el desarrollo cerebral. Este tema se enlaza con el trabajo de Shore, que compara las teorías del “viejo” y el “nuevo” pensamiento. Seguidamente se resaltan los efectos de las intervenciones tempranas, vinculando el tema al desarrollo del cerebro, y ampliándolo en el capítulo de la competencia social, en el que presentan cifras estadísticas que reflejan en parte las hipótesis. Luego se propone la vinculación de las investigaciones a los programas, y basándose en un trabajo inédito de Kirpal, se enumeran algunas lecciones aprendidas, con énfasis en la necesidad de la participación de la comunidad para generar pertenencia y sostenibilidad en los programas. Después se entra al tema de la sociedad civil y su participación en el desarrollo de los programas, resaltándose las virtudes de las ONGs y el papel que pueden desempeñar en la búsqueda de soluciones a los problemas sociales. Se continúa con la experiencia de programas no formales de educación inicial en América Latina y El Caribe, en los que se destaca la participación de la sociedad civil; luego se detallan los principios que rigen los programas no formales, mediante una matriz en la que se indican determinadas prácticas que corresponden a ciertas metas. Para concluir, se reafirma que el Desarrollo Infantil Temprano es esencial en la lucha contra la pobreza.

  17. Desarrollo Infantil Temprano: lecciones de los programas no formales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Eming Young

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo empieza mencionando al aporte de las ciencias al conocimiento del desarrollo humano. Se sintetiza el trabajo de Shonkoff/Phillips sobre el tema, resaltándose la importancia de la experiencia temprana y su interacción con la biología para el desarrollo del cerebro. Posteriormente se incursiona en el Desarrollo Infantil Temprano y su significación en los resultados posteriores del niño, destacando algunos factores que inciden en el desarrollo cerebral. Este tema se enlaza con el trabajo de Shore, que compara las teorías del “viejo” y el “nuevo” pensamiento. Seguidamente se resaltan los efectos de las intervenciones tempranas, vinculando el tema al desarrollo del cerebro, y ampliándolo en el capítulo de la competencia social, en el que presentan cifras estadísticas que reflejan en parte las hipótesis. Luego se propone la vinculación de las investigaciones a los programas, y basándose en un trabajo inédito de Kirpal, se enumeran algunas lecciones aprendidas, con énfasis en la necesidad de la participación de la comunidad para generar pertenencia y sostenibilidad en los programas. Después se entra al tema de la sociedad civil y su participación en el desarrollo de los programas, resaltándose las virtudes de las ONGs y el papel que pueden desempeñar en la búsqueda de soluciones a los problemas sociales. Se continúa con la experiencia de programas no formales de educación inicial en América Latina y El Caribe, en los que se destaca la participación de la sociedad civil; luego se detallan los principios que rigen los programas no formales, mediante una matriz en la que se indican determinadas prácticas que corresponden a ciertas metas. Para concluir, se reafirma que el Desarrollo Infantil Temprano es esencial en la lucha contra la pobreza

  18. Nutrition and renal disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris de Castaño

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Kidney plays an important roll in body homeostasis through excretory, metabolic and endocrine functions. Kidneys filter fluids and solutes and reabsorbed water , electrolytes an minerals. Urine volume and solute excretion are adjusted to keep composition of the extracellular space, serum osmolarity and intravascular volume in constant balance. Kidneys also regulate acid base equilibrium, hormone metabolism and excretion and amino acid concentration. Vitamin D hydroxylation takes place in the kidney, this is the active form of this vitamin, which inhibits PTH. In addition they produce erythropoietin which control hemoglobin concentration in erythrocytes. When renal insufficiency develops, and glormerular filtration rate is between 50 to 75% of normal, this functions are decreased .When renal function is less than 10%, this functions ceased. In children small changes in water, solute, acid base, calcium and phosphorus can alter normal growth and development. If kidneys can not maintain internal equilibrium, specific nutrients should be used. Compensation should be done according to age, type or renal disease and level of glomerular filtration rate.

  19. Renal artery aneurysm mimicking renal calculus with hydronephrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shanwen; Meng, Hongzhou; Cao, Min; Shen, Baihua

    2013-06-01

    A 51-year-old woman was found to have a left renal calculus with hydronephrosis. She underwent unsuccessful extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, leading to the recommendation that percutaneous lithotomy was necessary to remove the renal calculus. In view of the unusual shape of the calculus and absence of abnormalities in urine sediment, preoperative computed tomography and renal angiography were performed, which instead showed a calcified left renal artery aneurysm. Subsequent efforts to perform an aneurysmectomy also failed, eventually necessitating left nephrectomy. This case illustrates the pitfalls in the diagnosis of a renal artery aneurysm, which is a relatively common condition that may have unusual presentations. Hence, it is suggested that the possibility of a renal artery aneurysm be considered in the differential diagnosis when one detects a renal calculus with an unusual appearance. In addition, we propose that 3-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography be performed before considering surgical options for such renal calculi to rule out the possibility of a renal artery aneurysm.

  20. Renal scintigraphy in infants with antenatally diagnosed renal pelvis dilatation

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    Ajdinović Boris

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux are the most frequent entities identified on the basis of antenatal hydronephrosis. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of abnormal renal scintigraphy findings in postnatal investigation of children with antenatal hydronephrosis. Methods. Twenty four infants (19 boys and five girls presented with antenatal hydronephrosis and mild to moderate hydronephrosis on ultrasound in newborn period were referred for renal scintigraphy. Ten patients with vesicoureteral reflux documented on micturating cystoureterography underwent 99mTc-DMSA renal scintigraphy and 14 patients were subjected to 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy. Results. Anteroposterior pelvic diameter on ultrasound ranged from 11 to 24 mm. Renal DMSA scans identified congenital scars in two boys with bilateral reflux of grade V and unilateral reflux of grade III. Relative kidney uptake (RKU less than 40% was found in three, and poor kidney function (RKU less than 10% in two patients. Significant obstruction was shown on DTPA diuretic renal scintigraphy in 6/14 patients. Some slowing in dranaige (T1/2 greater than 10 minutes with no reduction in differential renal function was identified in three patients. Differential renal function less than 10% was obtained in one case. Conclusion. A high percent of abnormal renal scintigraphy findings was obtained. Renal scintigraphy was useful in determination of underlying cause of antenatally detected hydronephrosis.

  1. Endemic characteristics of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Qing; Li, Shi-Zhu; Wu, Wei-Ping; Hou, Yan-Yan; Zhang, Song; Feng, Yu; Zhang, Li-Ping; Tang, Lin-Hua

    2013-05-17

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was once a severe parasitic disease in China. Thanks to the great efforts of integrated control, VL was eliminated in most epidemic areas, except for certain western provinces (autonomous region) at the end of 1950s. From then on, VL gained less attention and has seemed to spread, especially in the last 15 years. Infants are the most important population threatened by VL. However, there have been few studies on the endemic characteristics of infantile VL in China. Infantile VL cases were collected from the online National Infectious Diseases Reporting System (NIDRS). Statistical description and inference was used to reveal the endemic characteristics in gender, age group, time and regionalism. Spatial analysis was carried out to explore the high risk area for infantile VL in China. A total of 1093 infantile VL cases were reported from 2006 to 2012. There was no statistically significant difference in gender over time. The minimum, maximum and mean age of these cases was 1.1, 35.9 and 13.8 months, respectively. Among them 86.92% were under 2 years of age, and there was a statistically significant difference among age groups over time. An incidence peak appeared in 2008-2009, most cases were distributed in the months September to December, and there was a tail-raising effect in the coming two months of the next year. More than 98% of cases were reported in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Gansu Province and Sichuan Province, accounting for 61.02%, 32.75% and 4.57%, respectively. A total of 56 counties reported infantile VL cases, with the cumulative incidence ranging from 0.02 to 24.57%. There were two main zones of high endemicity for infantile VL in China. The monthly incidence clearly coincides with the number of towns where infantile VL cases were reported. Three fatalities were reported during the study period, the case fatality rate was 2.75‰. The endemic situation of infantile VL is serious, and there are several active foci of

  2. Endemic characteristics of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was once a severe parasitic disease in China. Thanks to the great efforts of integrated control, VL was eliminated in most epidemic areas, except for certain western provinces (autonomous region) at the end of 1950s. From then on, VL gained less attention and has seemed to spread, especially in the last 15 years. Infants are the most important population threatened by VL. However, there have been few studies on the endemic characteristics of infantile VL in China. Methods Infantile VL cases were collected from the online National Infectious Diseases Reporting System (NIDRS). Statistical description and inference was used to reveal the endemic characteristics in gender, age group, time and regionalism. Spatial analysis was carried out to explore the high risk area for infantile VL in China. Results A total of 1093 infantile VL cases were reported from 2006 to 2012. There was no statistically significant difference in gender over time. The minimum, maximum and mean age of these cases was 1.1, 35.9 and 13.8 months, respectively. Among them 86.92% were under 2 years of age, and there was a statistically significant difference among age groups over time. An incidence peak appeared in 2008-2009, most cases were distributed in the months September to December, and there was a tail-raising effect in the coming two months of the next year. More than 98% of cases were reported in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Gansu Province and Sichuan Province, accounting for 61.02%, 32.75% and 4.57%, respectively. A total of 56 counties reported infantile VL cases, with the cumulative incidence ranging from 0.02 to 24.57%. There were two main zones of high endemicity for infantile VL in China. The monthly incidence clearly coincides with the number of towns where infantile VL cases were reported. Three fatalities were reported during the study period, the case fatality rate was 2.75‰. Conclusions The endemic situation of infantile VL is

  3. 湘西刘氏小儿推拿治疗小儿腹泻初探%Disscusion on The Treatment of Infantile Diarrhea by “XiangxiLiu’s Infantile Massage”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋珞琦; 顾星

    2016-01-01

    A brief overview of Xiangxi Liu’s infantile massage on infantile Diarrhea,and give a case to illustrate.To discuss the TCMunderstanding of Xiangxi Liu’s infantile massage,one side is from the relationship between infantile diarrhea and the five viscera of Traditional Chinese Medicine;the other side is the theory of “pushing meridians to treat viscera disease”which is the basic theory of Xiangxi Liu’s infantile massage.%简要概述湘西刘氏小儿推拿对小儿腹泻的推治并举例予以说明。从小儿腹泻与中医五脏的关系及湘西刘氏小儿推拿的“推经治脏”理论探讨湘西刘氏小儿推拿的中医认识。

  4. Inability to produce white dermographism in the early stage of infantile eczema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizawa, H; Tagami, H

    1989-03-01

    White dermographism constitutes an abnormal vascular reaction characteristically demonstrable in atopic dermatitis; however, there is no information about it in the infantile phase of atopic dermatitis. Therefore we examined 73 infants younger than 3 years of age with eczematous dermatitis for the demonstrability of white dermographism after mechanical stroking of the lesional skin. None of the 40 healthy control infants showed white dermographism on their normal skin. In contrast, an age-dependent increase was demonstrated in patients with infantile eczema, from 11% in those 1 to 2 months of age to 85% in those older than 7 months. There was no correlation between the demonstrability of white dermographism in early infancy and the prognosis of infantile eczema. Based on our study of various types of dermatitis experimentally induced in adult volunteers, we think that, in addition to the immaturity of infantile skin, the presence of acute dermatitic changes may be related to inability to demonstrate white dermographism in the early phase of infantile eczema.

  5. The Controversial Role of Food Allergy in Infantile Colic: Evidence and Clinical Management

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    Rita Nocerino

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Food allergies (FAs are an increasing problem in Western countries, affecting up to 10% of young children. FAs are frequently associated with gastrointestinal manifestations. The role of FAs as a potential causative factor for infantile colic (IC is still controversial. We report the most recent evidence on the pathogenesis, clinical and diagnostic aspects of FA-induced infantile colic (IC and suggest a stepwise diagnostic approach. We selected articles on clinical and immunologic features, pathogenesis and management of FAs and IC from of 1981 to 2015. Original and review articles were identified through selective searches performed on PubMed, using the following terms: colic, infantile colic, food allergy and infantile colic, infantile colic treatment. The possible relationship between FAs and IC derives from the presence of dysmotility with visceral hypersensitivity and dysbiosis, demonstrated in both conditions, and the clinical response to dietary interventions. Unfortunately, the design of the studies, poor characterization of atopy and different dietary approaches limit the understanding of the importance of FAs in subjects with IC. The role of FAs in IC subjects without other symptoms of atopy remains controversial. However, where there is a suspicion of FAs, a short trial with an extensively hydrolyzed cow’s proteins formula or, if breast fed, with maternal elimination diet may be considered a reasonable option.

  6. 3D photography is a reliable method of measuring infantile haemangioma volume over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Sarah A; Kimble, Roy M; Storey, Kristen J; Gee Kee, Emma L; Stockton, Kellie A

    2016-09-01

    Infantile haemangiomas are common lesions of infancy. With the development of novel treatments utilised to accelerate their regression, there is a need for a method of assessing these lesions over time. Volume is an ideal assessment method because of its quantifiable nature. This study investigated whether 3D photography is a valid tool for measuring the volume of infantile haemangiomas over time. Thirteen children with infantile haemangiomas presenting to the Vascular Anomalies Clinic, Royal Children's Hospital/Lady Cilento Children's Hospital treated with propranolol were included in the study. Lesion volume was assessed using 3D photography at presentation, one month and three months follow up. Intrarater reliability was determined by retracing all images several months after the initial mapping. Interrater reliability of the 3D camera software was determined by two investigators, blinded to each other's results, independently assessing infantile haemangioma volume. Lesion volume decreased significantly between presentation and three-month follow-up (p<0.001). Volume intra- and interrater reliability were excellent with ICC 0.991 (95% CI 0.982, 0.995) and 0.978 (95% CI 0.955, 0.989), respectively. This study demonstrates images taken with the 3D LifeViz™ camera and lesion volume calculated with Dermapix® software is a reliable method for assessing infantile haemangioma volume over time. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. New optional photodynamic therapy laser wavelength for infantile port wine stains: 457 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Zuo, Zhaohui; Gu, Ying; Huang, Naiyan; Chen, Rong; Li, Buhong; Qiu, Haixia; Zeng, Jing; Zhu, Jianguo; Liang, Jie

    2012-06-01

    To expand the optional laser wavelengths of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for port wine stain (PWS), the feasibility of applying a 457 nm laser to the PDT for infantile PWS was analyzed by mathematical simulation and was validated by clinical experiment. Singlet oxygen yield of 457 nm PDT or 532 nm PDT in an infantile PWS model and an adult PWS model was theoretically simulated. Fifteen PWS patients (14 infants and 1 adult) with 40 spots were treated with 457 nm (20 spots) and 532 nm (20 spots), respectively, in two PDT courses. Simulation results showed that under the same power density and irradiation time, singlet oxygen yield of 457 nm PDT and 532 nm PDT are similar in infantile PWS vessels. Yet, in adult PWS vessels, singlet oxygen yield of 457 nm PDT is lower than 532 nm PDT. Clinical outcomes showed that no statistic difference existed between 457 nm PDT and 532 nm PDT for infantile PWS. The result of this study suggested that 457 nm wavelength laser has the potential to be applied in PDT for infantile PWS.

  8. Efficacy of ultrasonography-guided renal biopsy for the evaluation of renal dysfunction following renal transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Jae; Choi, Chul Soon; Min, Seon Jeong; Lee, Gyung Kyu; Lee, Eil Seong; Kang, Ik Won; Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-12-15

    To evaluate the usefulness and complications of renal biopsy under ultrasonography-guidance in renal dysfunction after renal transplantation. Ultrasonography-guided renal biopsy was done in 47 patients with the transplanted kidney. The subjects consisted of 30 males and 17 females, age ranged from 16 to 66 years (average age=38 years). Biopsies were done once in 27 patients, twice in 17 patients, three times in 3 patients, a total of 70 biopsies. The success rate of renal biopsy for the accurate pathologic diagnosis and the incidence and types of complications following biopsy were evaluated. The success rate of renal biopsy for the accurate pathologic diagnosis was 96%(67/70). Pathologic diagnosis included 27 cases of acute rejection (39%), 8 cases of acute tubular necrosis (11%), 4 cases of acute rejection and acute tubular necrosis (6%), 4 cases of cyclosporin toxicity (6%), 4 cases of primary disease recurrence (6%), 4 cases of infection (6%) and others. Complications after renal biopsy included 15 cases of microscopic hematuria (21%), 1 case of gross hematuria with spontaneous cessation and 1 case of life threatening hemorrhage. Ultrasonography-guided renal biopsy is a safe and effective diagnostic method for the evaluation of renal dysfunction following renal transplantation.

  9. Trasplante renal Kidney transplant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Martín

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available El trasplante renal es la terapia de elección para la mayoría de las causas de insuficiencia renal crónica terminal porque mejora la calidad de vida y la supervivencia frente a la diálisis. El trasplante renal de donante vivo es una excelente alternativa para el paciente joven en situación de prediálisis porque ofrece mejores resultados. El tratamiento inmunosupresor debe ser individualizado buscando la sinergia inmunosupresora y el mejor perfil de seguridad, y debe adaptarse a las diferentes etapas del trasplante renal. En el seguimiento del trasplante renal hay que tener muy en cuenta los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y los tumores puesto que la muerte del paciente con injerto funcionante es la segunda causa de pérdida del injerto tras el primer año del trasplante. La función alterada del injerto es un factor de mortalidad cardiovascular independiente que requerirá seguimiento y control de todas sus complicaciones para retrasar la entrada en diálisis.The kidney transplant is the therapy of choice for the majority of the causes of chronic terminal kidney insufficiency, because it improves the quality of life and survival in comparison with dialysis. A kidney transplant from a live donor is an excellent alternative for the young patient in a state of pre-dialysis because it offers the best results. Immunosuppressive treatment must be individualised, seeking immunosuppressive synergy and the best safety profile, and must be adapted to the different stages of the kidney transplant. In the follow-up to the kidney transplant, cardiovascular risk factors and tumours must be especially taken into account, given that the death of the patient with a working graft is the second cause of loss of the graft following the first year of the transplant. The altered function of the graft is a factor of independent cardiovascular mortality that will require follow-up and the control of all its complications to postpone the entrance in dialysis.

  10. Cost-effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy with alglucosidase alfa in classic-infantile patients with Pompe disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.A. Kanters (Tim A.); I Hoogenboom-Plug (Iris); M.P.M.H. Rutten-van Mölken (Maureen); W.K. Redekop (Ken); A.T. van der Ploeg (Ans); L. van Hakkaart-van Roijen (Leona)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Infantile Pompe disease is a rare metabolic disease. Patients generally do not survive the first year of life. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has proven to have substantial effects on survival in infantile Pompe disease. However, the costs of therapy are very high. In this

  11. Cost-effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy with alglucosidase alfa in classic-infantile patients with Pompe disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.A. Kanters (Tim A.); I Hoogenboom-Plug (Iris); M.P.M.H. Rutten-van Mölken (Maureen); W.K. Redekop (Ken); A.T. van der Ploeg (Ans); L. van Hakkaart-van Roijen (Leona)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Background: Infantile Pompe disease is a rare metabolic disease. Patients generally do not survive the first year of life. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has proven to have substantial effects on survival in infantile Pompe disease. However, the costs of therapy

  12. Un acercamiento al cuento infantil desde la perspectiva de género. Estereotipos en el cuento infantil

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    Nuria Méndez Garita

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen. ¿Cuáles son los papeles que desempeñan cada una de las mujeres que son parte de la sociedad? ¿Cómo exige un hombre que se comporte una mujer? ¿Habrán cambiado los estereotipos femeninos y masculinos que muy claramente nos presentan los cuentos? ¿Seguimos propiciando como personas los estereotipos? ¿Se está dando la inversión tanto en los cuentos como en nuestras vidas?

    A partir de mito griego de la Medusa, se introduce el tema del género y la literatura, sobre todo en aquella que se reconoce como literatura infantil. Desde la perspectiva de género, se pueden tratar diferentes tópicos, en este caso, el artículo se centra en los estereotipos y confrontan los que se derivan de la mujer ángel y la mujer demonio.

    A lo largo de la historia, la elaboración del mundo simbólico, del significado y del sentido han estado en las mentes de los varones, los que han configurado una representación del mundo a su imagen y semejanza. Son ellos el prototipo, patrón y medida de lo existente.

    En los cuentos infantiles podemos ver claramente los estereotipos impuestos por la cultura patriarcal; pero también, cómo algunos de ellos son capaces de subvertir el orden establecido. Lo más importante es que la lectura de cuentos infantiles y de la literatura en general, sirve para movernos y conmovernos como lectores; para que nos marque, porque nos interpela.

     

    Abstract. What is the role of each woman in society ? What are a man`s demands in regards to a woman`s behavior? Have the feminine and masculine stereotypes clearly presented to us in stories changed? Are we still, as humans, favoring stereotypes? Is inversión still taking place in both, stories and real life? The Greek myth about Medusa introduces the topic of gender and literature, especially in children's literature

  13. Autopsy findings in two siblings with infantile Refsum disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, C W; Poulos, A; Fellenberg, A J; Christodoulou, J; Danks, D M

    1992-01-01

    Recognition of adrenal atrophy during a review of autopsy findings in two sisters who died at 8 months and 3 1/2 years prompted estimation of very long chain fatty acids, phytanic acid and pristanic acid on wet liver fixed in formalin for 12 years. These were shown to be markedly increased and defects in multiple peroxisomal functions and decrease in particulate catalase were shown in cultured fibroblasts, confirming an abnormality of peroxisomal biogenesis. The patients had presented with failure to thrive, recurrent diarrhoea and vomiting, poor mental development, retinal pigmentation, blindness and in the older patient deafness, with only mild dysmorphic features. Autopsy in the older patient showed adrenal atrophy, cirrhosis, and foamy histiocytes in multiple organs. The brain showed no demyelination, little cytoarchitectural abnormality, occasional perivascular histiocytes in the grey matter and meninges and prominent Purkinje cells in the molecular layer of the cerebellum. In the younger patient the changes were very subtle in spite of the marked clinical similarity. Despite the young age at death the clinicopathological features are most suggestive of infantile Refsum disease. In many situations anatomical pathology can be very useful in the recognition and study of peroxisomal disorders.

  14. PUBLICIDAD INFANTIL EN LAS REDES SOCIALES: TIPOGRAFÍA DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Pabón Villamizar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La evolución tecnológica y publicitaria ha producido paralelamente la vinculación infantil en su entorno consumista, debido a que los niños han pasado a ser un target muy apetecido por su vulnerabilidad. Las redes sociales permiten a los medios publicitaros a través de internet humanizar las marcas, creando perfiles en las diversas plataformas de sociabilización digital, ofreciéndole además un valor adicional a los productos, llegando a los niños de forma más directa y personal, con el fin de dejar una “huella mental” para así vincularse de forma estrecha con ellos. Para esto la publicidad crea una nueva estrategia que permite llegar de forma más eficiente a los infantes, perfeccionando la expresión audiovisual y resaltando la tipografía como medio más frecuente en internet y relevante en la compresión del mensaje y así generar publicidades totalmente efectivas creando dependencias de las marcas, no sólo en la actualidad sino a futuro.

  15. Cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of infantile hemangioma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Israel Fernandez-Pineda; Regan Williams; Lucia Ortega-Laureano; Ryan Jones

    2016-01-01

    Since the introduction of propranolol in the treatment of complicated infantile hemangiomas(IH) in 2008, other different beta-blockers, including timolol, acetabutolol, nadolol and atenolol, have been successfully used for the same purpose. Various hypotheses including vasoconstriction, inhibition of angiogenesis and the induction of apoptosis in proliferating endothelial cells have been advanced as the potential beta-blockerinduced effect on the accelerated IH involution, although the exact mechanism of action of beta-blockers remains unknown. This has generated an extraordinary interest in IH research and has led to the discovery of the role of the renin-angiotensin system(RAS) in the biology of IH, providing a plausible explanation for the beta-blocker induced effect on IH involution and the development of new potential indications for RAS drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers in the treatment of IH. This review is focused on the current use of cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of IH.

  16. Linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose aguda infantil (relato de um caso

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    Evanil Pires de Campos

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available Observou-se a evolução de um linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose (PCM aguda infantil. Doente, masculino, 6 anos, branco, natural de Curitiba (PR, procedente de Guaratinguetá (SP, que há 3 meses desenvolveu quadro gripal, febre diária, bimodal, prolongada, precedida de calafrio, acompanhada de sudorese inodora, cefaléia frontal e anorexia. Diagnosticado e tratado como pneumonia por cinco dias, sem melhora do quadro. Há 2 meses, apresentou dor óssea nos braços e articulações do pé, com edema inflamatório e emagrecimento de 6 kg em 3 meses. Exame físico revelou: peso 20 kg; estatura 120 cm; P. A. 90/60 mmHg; facies atípica, hipoativo, palidez cutâneo-mucosa (+ +, hipotrofia muscular, adenopatiageneralizada, sopro sistólico suave em foco aórtico acessório e hepatesplenomegalia. Imunodifusão com exoantígeno glicoprotéico 43 kdpositiva (1/32. A biópsia de gânglio revelou Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. A radiologia demonstrou na primeira consulta, discreto infiltrado intersticial bilateral com linfoadenomegaliapara-hilar que desaparecu em 30 dias. Observou- se, ainda, massa tumoral mediastínica superior, hiperplasia do sistema fagocítico mononuclear e lesões osteolíticas nos 60 dias iniciais da evolução.

  17. Oculomotor neurocircuitry, a structural connectivity study of infantile nystagmus syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser H Kashou

    Full Text Available Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS is one of the leading causes of significant vision loss in children and affects about 1 in 1000 to 6000 births. In the present study, we are the first to investigate the structural pathways of patients and controls using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI. Specifically, three female INS patients from the same family were scanned, two sisters and a mother. Six regions of interest (ROIs were created manually to analyze the number of tracks. Additionally, three ROI masks were analyzed using TBSS (Tract-Based Spatial Statistics. The number of fiber tracks was reduced in INS subjects, compared to normal subjects, by 15.9%, 13.9%, 9.2%, 18.6%, 5.3%, and 2.5% for the pons, cerebellum (right and left, brainstem, cerebrum, and thalamus. Furthermore, TBSS results indicated that the fractional anisotropy (FA values for the patients were lower in the superior ventral aspects of the pons of the brainstem than in those of the controls. We have identified some brain regions that may be actively involved in INS. These novel findings would be beneficial to the neuroimaging clinical and research community as they will give them new direction in further pursuing neurological studies related to oculomotor function and provide a rational approach to studying INS.

  18. Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis: A Case Report with a Novel Mutation

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    Siham Al Sinani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis (ISH (OMIM 236490 is a rare, progressive and fatal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by multiple subcutaneous skin nodules, gingival hypertrophy, osteopenia, joint contractures, failure to thrive, diarrhea with protein losing enteropathy, and frequent infections. There is diffuse deposition of hyaline material in the skin, gastrointestinal tract, muscle and endocrine glands. It is caused by mutations in the ANTXR2 (also known as CMG2 gene, which encodes a trans-membranous protein involved in endothelial development and basement membrane-extracellular matrix assembly. We describe a child with classical features of ISH presenting in infancy with severe chronic debilitating pain and progressive joint contractures. The diagnosis was confirmed by molecular DNA sequencing of ANTXR2 gene which revealed a novel homozygous mutation not previously reported; 79 bp deletion of the entire exon 11 (c.867_945del, p.E289DfsX22. Although this is the first reported case of ISH in Oman, we believe that the disease is under-diagnosed since children affected with this lethal disease pass away early in infancy prior to establishing a final diagnosis.

  19. Infantile onset diabetes mellitus in developing countries-India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Poovazhagi; Varadarajan

    2016-01-01

    Infantile onset diabetes mellitus(IODM) is an uncommon metabolic disorder in children. Infants with onset of diabetes mellitus(DM) at age less than one year are likely to have transient or permanent neonatal DM or rarely type 1 diabetes. Diabetes with onset below 6 mo is a heterogeneous disease caused by single gene mutations. Literature on IODM is scanty in India. Nearly 83% of IODM cases present with diabetic keto acidosis at the onset. Missed diagnosis was common in infants with diabetes(67%). Potassium channel mutation with sulphonylurea responsiveness is the common type in the non-syndromic IODM and Wolcott Rallison syndrome is the common type in syndromic diabetes. Developmental delay and seizures were the associated co-morbid states. Genetic diagnosis has made a phenomenal change in the management of IODM. Switching from subcutaneous insulin to oral hypoglycemic drugs is a major clinical breakthrough in the management of certain types of monogenic diabetes. Mortality in neonatal diabetes is 32.5% during follow-up from Indian studies. This article is a review of neonatal diabetes and available literature on IODM from India.

  20. Concepcion del Maltrato Infantil y los Patrones de Crianza

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    Ruth E Caicedo-Fonseca

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Existen situaciones y comportamientos de la persona, familia y colectivos, que por diferentes circunstancias pueden propiciar la Violencia Intrafamiliar conllevando al Maltrato Infantil. El que se presenten estos factores predispone a la aparicion del maltrato, pero esto no significa que necesariamente el resultado de tales comportamientos desemboque en violencia contra los miembros del nucleo familiar, pero si es seguro que esas personas son mas vulnerables al problema. Cuando la persona traduce el castigo fisico como practica educativa, la primera consecuencia es la asociacion del amor con la violencia. El niflo aprende que aquel que mas le ama es tambien aquel que le pega y que tiene derecho a hacerlo, paradojica negativa para el futuro de ese niflo/a que lleva una vision generalizada para sus proximas relaciones como la de esposo/a, o padres, o hijo/a. Para evitar llegar a lo anterior se deben usar las costumbres beneficas que se transmiten de generaci6n en generaci6n como parte del patron cultural, que tienen que ver como los padres, crian, cuidan y educan a sus hijos, dependen de lo aprendido, de lo vivido y la influencia cultural que se ejerce en cads una de las generaciones, llamadas pautas o Patrones de Crianza, que en conjunto se convierten en una garantia para los mas vulnerables: los niflos/as.